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Full text of "Inter-state milk producers' review, vol. 15"

Title: Inter-state milk producers' review, vol. 15 

Place of Publication: Philadelphia, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1934/1935 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg225.6 






Volume 15 

1 934/1 935 

►000. ^ 







'■'■ . * L'. 

• -oxa^V 


» "^a; 

n '^VT 



"issued monthly in the interest of the dairy farmer by the INTRR-STATE milk producers ASSOaATIO N, l>e. 

Vol. XV 

West Chester. Pa., and Philadelphia, Pa.. May. 1934 


No. 1 



Adjourned Annual Meeting Needs Your Voice 

THE seventeenth Annual 
Meeting of your association 
will be held on June 4-5. after being 
postponed from November 21-22, 
1933. As you recall, the postpone- 
ttient was caused by the injunction 
brought against the election of dir- 
ectors by two stockholders — Rob- 
ert E. Atkinson and Charles L. 

The entire milk marketing situa- 
tion has clarified since that time. 
Producers have had an opportunity 
to judge calmly the true facts, to 
distinguish between information 
and propoganda, to measure the 
sincerity of the different factional 

The meeting will be held under 
jurisdiction of Common Pleas Court 
No. 4 of the County of Philadel- 
phia and will be sufjervised by a 
Master appointed by that court. 
This will assure that the meeting 
will be conducted squarely and 
every member who casts a legal 
vote either in person or by proxy 
will be sure that his opinion is ex- 
pressed accurately. There is every 
reason to feel that the final result 
will be as the majority of members 
want it. 

The issue has gone far beyond 
personalities. It is whether you 
and your fellow members approve 
of the policies of the organization. 
We caution all members against 
seeking a complete change in 
management in order to change 
only one or two policies. 

Election of thirteen directors will 
be held as the principal matter of 
business. Nine of these will be to 
fill those directorships which would 
have expired in November, 1933. 
These are for the positions now 
occupied, by virtue of their succes- 
sors not having been elected, by 
the following men representing the 
territory after their names: J. H. 
Bennetch, Lebanon county; I. V. 
Otto, Cumberland county and parts 
of Dauphin and Perry counties; 
C. H. Gross, Adams and York 
counties; R. I. Tussey, Cambria 
and Blair counties; F. M. Twining, 
Bucks county; F. W. Bleiler, Le- 

high, Northampton and part of 
Berks counties, all in Pennsylva- 
nia; A. R. Marvel, Talbot and part 
of Caroline counties, Md.; Freder- 
ick Shangle. Burlington, Mon- 
mouth, Hunterdon, Warren and 

this term expiring in November, 
1933. Also to elect a successor to 
Hoagland Gates, representing Ce- 
cil county, Maryland, who was 
elected by the Board to serve in 
place of E. Nelson James, resigned; 

PULL «rHU£ Hf 



Mercer counties, N. J.; and of the 
vacancy in the western Chester and 
eastern Lancaster county area caus- 
ed by the resignation of Charles F. 
Preston. The terms of each of the 
foregoing directorships will expire 
in November 1936. 

In addition, the stockholders 
will be asked to elect a successor to 
Philip Price, representing a part of 
Chester county. Pa., who was 
elected by the Board to serve in 
place of Robert Brinton, resigned. 

to elect a successor to Mark L. 
Stitt, representing Juniata, Mifflin 
and a part of Perry counties. Pa.; 
who was elected by the board to 
the unexpired term of Henry I. 
Lauver, deceased; and to elect a 
director to the vacancy caused by 
the death of C. Craig Tallman 
representing Burlington county in 
N. J. The terms for which James. 
Lauver and Tallman were origin- 
ally elected will expire in Novem- 
ber. 1934. 

Directors Price, Gates and Stitt 
were elected by the Board of Dir- 
ectors to fill vacancies. These men 
were endorsed by Locals which 
they represent and they have 
served on the board. According to 
law, however, these elections are 
effective only until the next elec- 
tion of directors at a stockholders 
meeting, making it necessary for 
the stockholders (members) to 
elect either these men or others to 
fill the unexpired terms. 

It is imperative that every 
member vote honestly according to 
how he thinks the welfare of this 
milk market will be best served. 
He must think ahead as to the 
effect his vote at this meeting on 
June 4 will have on his market 
next year and for years to come. 
He must remember that the chaos 
in all agriculture caused by the 
depression will not last forever and 
also that we cannot expect to re- 
gain such excellent milk markets as 
we had just after the war or just 
before the depression. Those were 
abnormal peaks, not standards. 

It is important that every mem- 
ber consider carefully every state- 
• ment about the milk controversy 
and about his organization. Be no; 
swayed by emotion or sentiment. 
This is a matter of business and 
every change in your organization 
must withstand the hard knocks of 
experience to prove the wisdom of 
such change. 

We may expect statements and 
claims, perhaps charges, from par- 
ties interested in this controversy. 
Some of these are likely to be be- 
side the point, perhaps designed to 
becloud the issue. When personali- 
ties are brought up concerning 
those who are not up for election, 
when technical and minor points 
are magnified away beyond their 
actual importance just question 
those statements in your own 
minds. Ask yourseJf wiM that 
proposition bring me any more 
for my milk? Will it help me 
keep my present market? On 
the answers to those questions 
determines the real worth of 
the issues raised. 



Page 2 


Ma,, J 

Two-Year Average Unfair 

A PENALTY of 347.712 pounds 
of milk per month has been 
levied against 2982 Pennsylvania 
milk producers by the Milk Control 
Board ruling ^Uit their sales must 
be deterniiimit . according to the 
monthly avilMte of their Sciles 
during 1932 and 1933. This aver- 
age is 3.9 pdfeent under the aver- 
age of estabfiahed basic quantities 
of those samtt producers. It is 
reasonable to presume similar pen- 
alties in the basics of thousands of 
other producers. 

Most of this difference is be- 
lieved to have been caused by these 
producers selling only according to 
the needs of their markets. Many 
of them deliberately utilized much 
of their surplus on the farm rather 
than selling it on the market at a 
low price. 

The study on which these figures 
are based included only producers 
who had sold to the same 
Philadelphia deaJers continu- 
ously during the three years 
ending December 31. 1934. It 
includes all such producers who 
sold through 17 Pennsylvania re- 
ceiving stations and those who 
shipF>ed direct to Philadelphia and 
Camden plants and so includes a 
very few New Jersey producers. 
The latter would affect the final 
results very little. Figures for in- 
dividucil dealers or stations can not 
be divulged so we shall confine all 
statements to totals. 

The monthly average sales of all 
these producers Wcis 14,035.474 
pounds during the two-year period. 
The basic quantities for the same 
producers as established according 
to the terms of the Federal market- 
ing agreement totaled 14.583.193 
pounds. There was considerable 
variation among receiving stations, 
the extremes showing established 
basics of 8.92 percent larger than 
the two-year monthly average, 
down to 1.51 percent smaller. 
Distance from market app>eared to 
have little effect on the variation 
between the two methods. 

The difference between average 
n.onthly sales and the established 
basics cannot be credited to abnor- 
mal production during the months 
used to determine basics. The 
average daily sales by each pro- 
ducer was only one-fifth of a pound 
higher for those months. July and 
November, than it was for the 
months immediately before and 
after. This was remarkably uni- 
form production. The variation 
therefore must be explained by 
these producers using much of 
their surplus milk during certain 
seasons of the year for other pur- 
poses such as calf, pig or poultry 

The reason for such a practice is 
obvious. As the market paid Class 
1 price for a certain percentage of 
each producer's basic and Class II 
price for an additional percentage 
it was uneconomic to sell milk in 
exces.s of tluwc combined percen- 
tages if other usos provided a more 
satisfactoiy return. This was vol- 
untrtry sales control and it was 
effective. Yet the control board 
ruling does not recogni/:e that fact 
and. apparently without intention, 
penalizes those who have not been 
selling up to their ability to produce. 

Should we include another I 398 
producers on whom similar records 
are available but who ship to re- 
ceiving stations in other states we 
would find the basics to be 3.15 
pcrc^t less than under the pre- 
viously established basics. In other 
word*. Pennsylvania producers are 
peneJized more by this order than 
woulij be those in other states of the 

Naturally some producers have a 
higher beisic under the control 
board order but it is obvious that 
more have lost by it than have 
gained. The executives of your 
association have repeatedly pre- 
sented these facts to the control 
board with requests that every 
producer who has been selling 
on the basic-surplus plan be 
given the higher of either his 
previous basic or the basic set 
by the control board. 

Figure your own sales records 
and if you would get a higher basic 
by using the 1934 basic as figured 
according to your association for- 
mula it is your duty to tell the 
control board about it. We believe 
they are sincere in wanting to do 
the fair thing and when you as an 
army of individuals make your 
wants known you can count on 

(We have jusl learned that the 
control board authorizes the higher 
of the two basics.) 

Blue Grass Is Best 

Kentucky blue grass is the most 
satisfactory lawn grass for Penn- 
sylvania conditions, according to 
specialists at Pennsylvania State 
College. It is well adapted to the 
climate, has a beautiful green color, 
is one of the first to start growth in 
the spring and the last to turn 
brown in late fall. It also grows 
well during mid-summer, under 
favorable moisture conditions, and 
is fairly drouth-resistant. 

4-H Camp Delegates 

Pennsylvania will be represented 
at the National 4-H Club Camp at 
Washington June 14 to 21 by Mark 
Balthaser of Berks County and 
Albert L. Metzler of Lancaster 
County. Both of these boys have 
been especially active in dairy calf 
club work as well as in other club 
projects. They have participated 
successfully in judging contests 
and in other dairy club activities. 
Both of them are sons of prominent 
Inter-State members. 

The Pennsylvania girls at the 
club camp will be Catherine M. 
Grotzinger of Elk County and Ruth 
Coughlin of Erie County. 

New Jersey will be represented 
at the same camp by Frieda 
Schaefer of Trenton and Austin 
Risse of La Fayette for agricultural 
projects and by Evelyn Potts of 
Kingston and Hazel Stanton of 
Berlin in home economics projects. 
Risse has an outstanding record in 
dairy club work. 

Lower Temperatures 

Asked by Dealers 

1%/llLK Cooling will be a critical possible. The cost is made up of 
*"* job on most farms during the two items, first, the removal of 

next four months. Market de- 
mands are more strict and with 
lower temperatures demanded at 
delivery points there is danger that 
milk will be returned unless proper- 
• ly cooled. 

What is your situation? Can you 
"A" producers get your milk cool 
enough to get it to the receiving 
station at 50 degrees or less? That 
is demanded at most "A" stations. 
Producers of "B" milk must get 
their milk to the station at 60 
degrees or cooler. 

"Experimental tests have shown 
conclusively that it is important to 
cool milk as soon as it is produced ". 
says J. E. Nicholas, research engi- 
neer of the Pennsylvania State 
College agricultural experiment sta- 
tion. Fresh milk requires cooling to 
at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit 
within two hours if its original 
quality is to be prolonged. 

On the farm milk can be cooled 
most suitably in the cold water of 
an insulated tank and with the 
least amount of handling and ex- 
posure. Nicholas declares. He re- 
commends filling the tank with 
sufficient clean water to extend at 
least one-half inch above the milk 
level. This water may be kept cold 
by using fresh ice daily or by me- 
chanical refrigeration operated by a 
gas engine or an electric motor. 

Nicholas stresses the need of 
cooling milk as economically as 

animal heat from the milk, and 
second, the removal of heat which 
always passes through the walls of 
the tank into the milk-cooling 
water, causing it to warm up. 

"The amount of heat passing 
through the walls depends on the 
difference between the milk house 
and the cooling water temp)erature. 
the amount or thickness of insu- 
lating material, and the number of 
square feet of surface of the tank. 
Nicholas explains. "Not less than 
three inches of good quality asphalt 
-treated insulating material should 
be used in the walls and floor of 
the tank or cabinet and two inches 
in the cover. This will save operat- 
ing expense. ' 

Adding ice to the water will help 
cool the milk to a lower tempera- 
ture. It takes a lot of ice. however, 
especially in hot weatiier. and fre- 
quent stirring of both milk in the 
can and ice water in tliL- tank will 
speed cooling. Ice can be saved by 
using a fresh supply of water of as 
low a temperature as is obtainable 

but don't save ice at the expense 
of milk or to risk having milk 
returned. Some coolers operate 
by lowering loops or coils of pipe 
into the milk and circulating cold 
water through the pipes. 

Perhaps the most widely suc- 
cessful method of cooling milk is 
with mechanical coolers. fhey 
have been proven efficient and if 

well made and operated propyl 
the cost is reasonable. Thett, 

"W. 1931 


J»age 3 

5w tohe ability 
most efficient operation. F».iide. or direct 
such directions closely. 

, ,i ,r , r iTVour Proxy Correct? 

many reliable makes or such etjt Aw * ^^ *»•• " •/ 

ment on the market most oi ^\ 

require electric power. A fevf^flRHAPS the most important 
powered with gasoline engines single consideration in connec- 
by other means. Several of tl<,n with the forthcoming Annual 
manufacturers are advertisitijleeting '» ^^'"^^ every member 
the Review and we believe [^i a vote which expresses his 
equipment will prove satisfac^pest convictions. If that is done 
to you. If you are interestecje outcome should be fair. ^^^^^ 
miik cooling equipment write tl It is absoiuieiy ncv-Cosary -.'-2. 
advertisers for full informaVery member give this his earnest 
mentioning that you saw theirUought during the days between 
vertisement in the Review. ^^ and June 4. <^ o"^'^*'' f ''^ 
Such equipment will cool n^Js of the organization. What 
It requires a certain amouni«ll give the organization its great- 
care which most any producer,t strength? Who will work most 
give it, except perhaps an anjurr.estly toward that end. ' "^"'^ 
inspection by a service man in|,ig candidate and that candidate 
be advisable. Directions come i^r the position of Director have 
the equipment as to how toKc ability and the desire to 

~*uide. or direct, your association 
oward that goal? 

Will your vote be cast tor sucti 

; andidates as you honestly fee 

Certified Dairy Exhibit ^iU meet those qualifications? It 
At Century of Progrrour vote will be cast by proxy you 

P, . . „ , . •, , / oust be sure that whoever acts as 

Dairying will be exhibited .nnus^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^,^. 

entirely new and novel typt'©""^ P^^/'y or you will be voting 

exhibit at the 1934 Centurj^i-e oP'"'°"\°'J -^-dgment. 
D r-L- L- 1 jffainst your better juagnit-m. 

Progress in Chicago which operj^il has been stated by reprc-sen- 
May26th. 1 he new exhibit wil'^ ^j ^^^ f^^ji„„ ^hich is 
housed in a special building j^ ^^^^^j ^^at it is their in- 

fect long 45 feet wide and top^"^ « ^^j by giving your 

by a 50-foot illuminated tower*"^'"" 

It will show the production—- _ w«o 

certified milk, using a herd oi REA.^) i llliJ 

purebred Guernsey and Hoist , 

cows. These cows will be f ed ir Before signing the proxy 
diated yeast as a part of theirf^^yy, printed at the bottom 
tion. making possible the prwi-/ this page yoU should 
tion of the newly discovered ^^ -j^ whether yoU wish 
min D milk by the process devek'**^^*"'^ __ . w „„„_ „n^ 

ed by Dr. Harry Steenbock offo have Mr. Anderson and 
University of Wisconsin. Thecoftfr. Rothenberger do your 
will be milked in a "milking P^^'^oting. If SO yoU need not 
installed by De Laval, and \!^^ -^ f/,g blank following 
process will be visible to all v.sit. . . ^^^gS on this prOXy. 
through plate g ass windows Sta'^« ^ ^^^^ 

equipment is being furnished if you uw '*»'^*^ ^^ „„.«„„ 

association a decent burial. If 
the majority of members really 
want such action taken doubtless 
it should be done. If you. as an 
individual member, want that done, 
it is your privilege, jierhaps your 
duty, to see that your vote is cast 
in such a way as to accomplish 
that end. 

But if you want to see your 
association continue its work and 
remain a power in this market it 
,s your boundcn duty to see that 
your vote is cast for such candi- 
dates for directorships as will work 
toward the goal you feel is most 
desirable. , 

Thousands of proxies were signed 
by members last fall previous to 
the date originally set for tfie 
meeting. Additional thousands 
have been signed since that date. 
It is the duty of every member 
to review the situation as he sees 
It now. today. If. since signing a 
oroxy. you have any reasori to 
believe that the party named on 
that proxy would not vote it for 
your best interests it is your duty 
to sign a new proxy. Sign it over 
to someone whom you are sure will 
attend the meeting and will vote 
for such men as will work for your 
best interests. Usually this will be 
the official delegate elected by your 

Local. f ..• 

Because of this change of atti- 
tude on the part of a large number 
of members it is ex,x-cled that two 
or more proxies will appear over 
the names of many stockholders. 
It has been agreed by all parties 
concerned that in such cases a 
letter will be mailed to the stock- 
holder asking him to answer by 
return mail stating which proxy he 
wishes to be voted. If you have 
changed your mind since signing a 

STICKS ^ ^, ^ 

A HUSBANDMAN bade his sons lay a bundle ot 
sticks before him. Then having tied them up 
into a fagot, he told the lads, one after another, 
io take it up and break it. They all tried, but tr.ed 
In vain. Then, untying the fagot he gave them 
ihe sticks to break one by one which they did with 
the greatest ease. Then said the -ther: -Hnus 
mv sons, as long as you remain united, you are a 
match for all your enemies; out uuic. «..« o^k- 
ate, and you are undone." /fc.sop. 

registers the same opinion there 
can be no question about the true 
status of the organization. 

Make your vote count sign a 
proxy for the side which you feel 
will maintain the best milk market 
for you. Do that whether you plan 
to attend or not. Then if you find 
later that you can attend in person 

do so by all means and vote in 
person. In that way there can be 
no slip-up. Your honest opinion 
will be registered beyond dispute 
because the ballot cast by a mem- 
ber voting his own stock will stand 
undisputed if signed as his name 

question about your vote counting 
as you want it to count. 

In signing a proxy be sure of live 
things: First, that the proxy is. 
made out to a fjerson. or l>crsons. 
who will attend the Annual Meet- 
ing and who will vote as you wish 
them to vote. Second, sc-c that the 
amount of stock you own is propc-r- 
ly filled in. (If left blank it will be 
filled in from Association records^) 
Third see that it is dated. Fourth, 
see that your name is signed 
to it just as your name appears 
on the stock records. H a 

tract with the signature of those 

composing the partnership g:ven 

immediately below. Fifth, have 

someone witness your signature. 

This must be done by a third party 

a person can not witness a signa- 
ture of a proxy made out to himself. 

In case of stock owned by a de- 
ceased person the legal executor 
can vote that stock if his proxy is 
accompanied by a "short certifi- 
cate" issued by the proper court, 
testifying that he has a right to act 
as such agent for the estate of the 
deceased. This certificate can be 
filed in your association office and 

We Are 

used "in fJture transactions involv- 

changed your mind since signing a ing the -;--•; — he t'^rar 
proxy we urge you to request the p o y s ^^ ^^^^^^^ 

^arty to whom you gave this proxy ^-^-^^^'^..^^^demption of it. 

Remember above all things 
that this election will be deternriin- 
ed by votes of members according 
to the stock they own. It is every 
member's duty to see that his vote 
counts and if a smashing majority 

to return it to you 

There is still a better way to 
render your first proxy null and 
void That is to come to the annual 
meeting and vote your own stock 
in person. Then no proxy will be 
voted for you and there can be no 

That certain parts of the 
public press will handle gal- 
lons of milk propaganda during 
the week or so just previous to 
the Inter-State annual meet- 
ing. It is our guess that this 
propaganda will try to dis- 
credit the Inter-State, its poli- 
cies, its management and the 
results it has obtained. 

Remember it will be noth- 
ing but propoagnda and they 
won't believe it themselves- 
because they really do know 
better but for selfish reaonn 
they will try to mike you and 
your neighbors believe it. 
Pay no attention to it. 

Wisconsin youwishtodo it for you. 

I he cows will be within lull v,*^, , . ...^.. m^v 

of visitors but separated from ihJf yOU SO deSire yOU may 

by plate glass windows. /eai;e their names on tne 

The milk will be taken direcp^oJCV and alsO add one Or ... _ mimts anu n a ^..."- » -—' - 

from .he m.lking parlc.luc^O,^ „,Aer names. voted for you and .here can b. no — ' c^r^Klll^in PPnYY RELOW 

a^z.^^^:"^:^^cTiinY this page carefully before signing proxy i^t^Luw 

exposed to the open air even fori«3 1 sJ LJ i M ^^^ along line 

instant from the time it leaves l 

cow until the consumer opens L'"^ ..,. ^^ -w mmt \i iii."!/*^ 

bo""e PROXY lOK ^'» < >< «V«iV A ecor 1 ATION 

A lunch room will be maintain; INTER-STATE MILK PRODUCERS AbbUt^l A I H-'IN 

in the same building at whicli ' '^ |>,( okim >k.\ti:i> umt 

dairy lunch will be obtainable ix Tin, sr \ ri: o k i>i.i..\w .\hk 

reasonable prices. 

A Handy Hoof Trimmer 

A new type of hoof trimmer h; 
been developed which can be use 
without lifting the animals' fa 
from the ground. This avoids \.\ 
former need for roping an anim^ 
and makes the care of the hoofs ( 
horses and cattle a mudi simpi' 
matter than formerly. fhe salt 
device can be used for dehornir. 
cattle up to IH months of age. 

This device, known as the Hand 
Hoof 1 rimmer is well made an 
easily operated. Its regular us 
may increase the health and us* 
fulness of many dairy cows an 
herd sires which suffer from poor! 
trimmed hoofs. It is made fc 
Milcare Corporation. Fergus Fall' 


Wares of the capital stock of the corporation above nan.ed. do hereby constitute 

. p. ^„d or Alvin K. Rothenberger of Center Point. P... and or 

and appoint M. Anderson of Wynn.wood. P... and 

That I. the undersigned, being the owner of 

- (Vt^ N.m.ot i:).i;,....nH Al..,„.,.) . Broadwood I lotel. Broad and Wood 

IN WITNESS Wl lEREOF. I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 

day of — 

. 1934 








Page 5 

Page 4 


May, I« 



Official Organ of the 
InWr-State Milk Produ cera' Awociation. Inc. 

Auguat A. Miller, Editor •lu) 

Buaincu Manager (On Leave) 

H. E. Jamiaon. Acting Elditor 

Elizabeth Mc. G. Graham. Editor 

Home and Community Department 

c i.^.b «k.n-l. A<4»artiaina Manager 

Surplus prices followed the same 
trend, the March 1933 price being 
the highest since October 1 932 when 
the entire dairy price structure 

crashed. ^ . r. i 

Then on April 2 the Pennsylva- 
nia Milk Control Board order went 
into effect. Hauling charges were 
scaled down. Class 1 1 prices were 

Publiahed Monthly by the Inter-Stale Milk 
Producers Association. Inc. 

. . t . I _.:ll. 

ivianuiai.Luit<a imn* 

Business Offices 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

23S E. Gay St.. West Cheater. Pa. 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelp h ia offi ce) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St . Phil'u. P«. 

Bell Phoaes. Locust 5391 Locus* S39Z 

Keystone Phone. Race 5344 

Printed bv Horace F. Temple. l»e. 
West Chester. Pa. 


JO cents a year in advance 

Advertising rates on application 

■Entered as second-clas. rnatter. June 3 1920. 
at the post office at We.t Chester. Pennsylvania, 
under the Act of March f. IH79, 

"The principal cause, if not the 
only cause, of lessened use of milk 
since 1929 has been the reduced 
buying power of consumers. The 
demand for milk may be expected 
to increase as business conditions 
improve and incomes rise." 

— Dr. Leland Sfencer. 

divided into Class 111 and IV and 
those prices advanced. Buyers ob- 
jected. Threats were made and 
retracted. More hearings were held. 
Changes were made in the order. 
The market was unsettled almost 

in a turmoil. , . ^ „ 

Where is the fault^ Can milk 
be handled without loss at present 
Class 11. Ill and IV prices? If not. 
will the dealers buy it or can they 
be compelled to buy it? If markets 
are lost where will the blame be 
placed and where should it be 


Time alone can answer those 
questions and even then we cannot 
be sure that we have the right 
inswers for opinions will vary. But 
cannot let either milk or the 
milk industry turn sour. These 
must be settled sanely, and 

Talking About U«! 

Secretary Wallace, in his booklet 
"America Must Choose" made a 
statement which applies directly 
to the situation in the Philadelphia 
Milk Market. 

He said: "1 should like to see the 
campaign for a middle-ground pol- 
icy conducted as a cairipaign of 
reason, with millions \^thousanas 
in our case) of personal contacts 
and arguments, man to man. The 
opposition will be bitter and power- 
ful; but 1 am convinced that the 
time has come for the great body of 

Price Schedule Omitted 

ciation officials have failed to find 
relief for those producers. Unfor- 

Superphosphate. alone or wit 
manure, will greatly improve p^ TO price list will be included in 
manent pastures. [N this issue of the Review such ;-;-^^:fy q^^^^ No 6 of the Penn- 

— 18 usually appears on Page 5. 1 his gyi^^nia Milk Control Board does 

99.89 Percent Accurate. u„in2 omitted because of the ^ot prohibit such action by the 

s being om 

A frequent charge against t; .^^ variation which prevails over 
original A. A. A. milk marketir , j^e to official orders of 

agreement was that the dealfthe marKti.^^^ 

were buying milk at surplus^prirOntro^^^^ ^^^ ^^^.^^ Pennsylvania 
bottling 11 ana seuing u ai v.ia« r, , Pennsylvania Milk 

price. Let's look at the facts, milk on ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^j^.j^ ^,^^ 

^"""^. ' m.T"^ ^'""Tl"' New Jersey Control Board order 
January I . ' 9 4 « «f°"P f . '^e'crmines the price of New Jersey 
dealers in Philadelphia sold 23F. ^'^"' ^^■^^^ f,„^ the rest of 
314.981 quarts of bottled milk at^'"^ 

dealers but rather encourages it 
with the high Class 11. Ill and IV 


prices ordered. Sue 


Milk from the rest of the 

being bought under the 

Americans (milk producers) to during the same 15 '"""^'isjS'Xle 'sL-t'^up m tlie A. A. A. 

!._.. ij Qasg I price for 2 J7./40,5»r"*'"" 

formulate a long - time trading 
(marketing) program for this 
country {milk shed) which they 
are willing to stand behind, no 
matter how plausible the appeals of 
special pleaders." (Additions in 
italics ours.) 



^ Each dealer is buying accorc 

hast'S and sales. 


at once. 

Your association executives with 
do much toward 


Milk Keep It Sweet 

What a year! Twelve months 
ago the bottom had just been 
passed. Business started its pick- 
up. Prices started their rise. 

Milk! It's a wonder it hasn't all 
turned sour. It has become a 
national issue, a political football, 
material for sob sisters. It has won 


consumers, old and young, rich 
and poor, everyone. 

Let's look at it from your inter- 
ests and mine. Class 1 milk price, 
(for fluid trade) was just $1.98 a 
hundred pounds one year ago. 
It jumped to $2.27 on June 1st and 
to $2.60 on August 25th. There it 
has stayed up to this writing. That 
has been the price for 3.5 percent 
milk delivered in Philadelphia un- 
der the A. A. A., under no control, 
and under the Pennsylvania Milk 
Control Board. This price has 
withstood attacks of every descrip- 
tion. Charges, blasts, hot air. gas 
were all used against that price — 
but it has stood. "Too low", some 
d -maybe so but it is with us 

your help . 

assisting the control board in get- 
ting the best possible answers now 
when they will do the most good. 
Let us hear you -we will transmit 
your sound desires to the control 
board in a volume and with a force 
that will help them find the answer 
—and help you get the right price. 



When We Were Nineteen 

A friend, well informed and with 
many and varied contacts, told me 

rm. .-. =.«- -^^-.- a few days ago that he never again 

attention of producers and expects to know as much as he did 

old and young, rich at nineteen. He meant of course 

that at nineteen he considered 
himself completely educated— more 
than that -possessed of all worth- 
while knowledge. 

Which immediately reminded me 
that, as far as milk marketing is 
concerned, the officers of the Allied 
Dairy Farmers' Association must 
now apparently be just nineteen. 
They are. in fact, amateurs -or 
novices if you please— who have 
succeeded frequently of recent 
months in being quoted in the press 
about milk marketing. Such fleet- 
ing and unduly flattering recogni- 
tion went to their heads and now 
they are posing as paragons of 
knowledge concerning dairy eco- 

Ho! Hum! Perhaps we must 
always have some of that kind 
with us. 

saic --_ 

still and therefore it must be 
approximately the right economic 
price. It is the highest class 1 price 
since February 15. 1932. 

Receiving station prices jumped 
even more. The 51-60 mile zone 
station price leajxid from $L48 to 
$1.82 on June 1st and to $2.15 on 
August 25th. There it has stuck 
through all the vicissitudes of the 
marketing agreement and under 
the Pennsylvania Control Board. 

Milk for cream has had an erratic 
price path. On the up grade last 
May. it was down in June, up in 
July, down in August, up and about 
steady for three months, crashing 
in December and January when 
the butter market crashed, then 
up to a new high in February and 
another new high of $1.33 per 
hundred in March, the highest in 
eighteen months. 


GROON Formerly in Scotland 

and England the word meant to 
"make a continuous hollow sound 
as cattle in pain; to bellow or 


A modern musician has the fol- 
lowing to say about crooning: "A 
crooner is a man who thinks he 
sings. You can discern a succession 
of tones in mezzo-voice, with a high 
content of pertamento. or slurring. 
The words are usually banal and 
vulgar strut-talk on a threadbare 
theme. In short, he sounds like a 
love-sick cat on a back fence. " 

Double Crossing! 

How capable those Inter-State 
officials are. Merely telling their 
fellow Intel -State members that a 
meeting was to be held in its offices 
and the fact that more than eighty 
of those members responded to that 
hurried call resulted in a charge of 
"shifting " a meeting, of "double- 
crossing " of almost everything 
short of kidnapping. 

The statements as reported by 
the press came from the Allied 
officials and their counsel. Yet 
what are the facts. 

The Inter-State called a meeting 
to cope with a grave situation. The 
control board was invited and ac- 
cepted but the next day decided 
to remain on neutral ground and in 
turn invited a committee from the 
Inter-State meeting to meet its 
members at their hotel. The press 
carried a report to the effect that a 
general meeting would be held at 
the Broadwood hotel. No arrange- 
ments were made for such a meet- 
ing and when Inter-State members 
heard that their meeting was bemg 
held at 219 N. Broad as originally 
planned they came up here. 

About a dozen Allied members 
also went to the hotel and stayed 
there for a meeting of their own. 
Then Mr. Moffett for some strange 
reason sent a telegram from the 
Broadwood Hotel to Mr. Allebach 
which was delivered at the Broad- 
wood where Allebach was conferr- 
ing with the Chairman of the Con- 
trol Board as per arrangements 
This telegram asked that all Allied 
members and others be informed of 
the Allied meeting. When Allebach 
returned to the Inter-State meeting 
at this office he read the telegram 
but no one got up to leave for the 
Allied meeting. 

Apparently about a dozen pup- 
pets was all they could get together 
and this failure to draw a crowd of 
agitators and capture the Inter- 
State meeting possibly got "under 
their skin", resulting in the insipid 
telegram just referred to. 

quarts. Their sales of bulk 
reported during the last 7 mon, ^^,^ 

of the same period ^^'•^2.733,7.0 ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^,, dealer deter 

quarts which was at the rate . , nercentage of the basic 

5,858 016 quarts for the > 5 mo,.^;-« J'^^ Pj^ ^^j,,,,, which will 
period. This would make a total*'" , q \ price and the 

518.1 72.997 quarts of milk -Id^f^.^^^^^lUL u^^^^ he will 

less than one-fifth of one ptrtf'^ ^.,^ j^ ^^^^^, ^f his Class 1 
more than their purchases, ^taf^ ^^ y^ig vvill mean a sharp 
another way. this difference • .i^n in the percentage of 
432.401 quarts was actually /V^ ^^^^^ ^j,^ jiff^^ent dealers, 
quart out of every 551 they sole ^j^^ ^^^^^ variations in the 

But during the seven months .^^ ^^^^j^^j f„^ ^^^plus milk. 
June to December 1934. mclusj g^^^^^^ ^j ^^ese variations and 
bottled sales ota led 108.187,6 ^^^^^ . ^^ ^^^ ;„ effect in the 
quarts and bulk sales reported wt'. ; ■ i^^practical to at- 

2.733.741 quarts, a total of ll(:*'^''°^rinting a price scheduL at 
921.552 quarts. Class 1 purchar'^^P/. ^""''"^ ^ 
. . I »L jiiis lime. , 

during the same seven months wf |^ ^g^g ^re coming in from 

111.044.081 quarts, a </i/feren(^^^j^^^.^g ^^ki^g your asso- 
of eleven-hundredths of o..^^/^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ f.^d a new 
percent or 122.529 quarts P^„arket as they have been or are 
chased at Class 1 price which y>t,^^^ ^^ ^^ i^jj ^ff. The dealers 
not sold as fluid milk. During tb/.^j^^pj^j they have more milk than 
period those dealers bought v\ ^^^j ^^^ ^^at the milk pur- 
extra quart for every 905 quar^j^^^^j j^^y^^j Qass 1 needs is 
they needed for Class I sales jj^j ^t a loss at the prices they 

These figures show that ff^^^, „.„„i,ed to oav. This means a 

h action 
possibly give those from whom tli 

dealers cuiim«vj«- v.^ — j 

slightly better market but the 
danger is always present that the 
milk shut off may be bought at 
less than Class 1 price by an un- 
scrupulous dcalcT who will chisel 
on the market. . 

It is believed by your association 
officials that the price for milk that 
goes into manufactured products 
should be low enough so that sjch 
products cm be sold in competition 
with similir products from other 
areas. Such a price will encourage 
a dealer to handle that milk with- 
out a cash loss to himself and thus 
offer the producers a reasonable 
assurance of a market for all their 
milk. This would be satisfactory 
to most producers when assured of 
a good price for Class I milk. 

The f.o.b. Philadelphia price for 
Class 1 milk from the entire terri- 
tory, except New Jersey, is $2 60 
per hundred pounds. The New 
Jersey price as set by the Control 
Board is $2.10 at the loading plat- 
form, with further deductions of 4 
to 12 cents per hundred for milk 
house service" being made by some 

Allebach Not a Candidate For 

Office of President of Inter-State 

Milk Producers* Association 

Several inquiries have been received relative to whether 
the changed status, from the executive position as Pre^'den 
of the Inter-State Milk Producers' Association to that of 
Sales Manager, which occurred with his resignation at the 
Board of Directors' Meeting held in Harr.sburg last Ja^nuary, 
was to continue after the holding or tne aujuu.i.-^ . .^^ 
Annual Meeting. This point has been entirely cleared up by 
Mr Allebach. himself, in the following statement which he 
recently made to a number of Inter-State members. 

His statement follows: j 

"Several members have asked me my position '"^egard 
to ae?n becoming a candidate for the executive office o 
President ofthe Inter-State Milk Producers' Association^ 1 
w sh it to be clearly understood that am not a candidate 
Tnd will not accept the Presidency of this organization at 
the reoganization'^meeting of the Board of Directors after 

1933 Adjourned Annual Meeting. 1 have been very glad 

tobe relieved of a part of this dou 
said so on numerous occasions. 

ble responsibility and have 


The proxy printed on page 
3 will make it easy for you 
to vote at the Inter-State 
Annual Meeting on June 
4th. Use it according to 
directions given on that page. 

has resulted from efforts designed 
merely to cause such dissatisfac- 
tion. It has not been spontaneous. 
When time brings the true facts 
into bold relief we are sure every- 
one will see the truth of that as- 
sertion. Ill t 
Had the officers and leaders ot 
the association fighting the Inter- 
State shown a sincere desire to 

jd to pay. 
IS of a ' 
po those producers. 

Federal marketing ««?;««'"«^om5e"e'lo8S of a' Class 1 market 
ts I price for Lit ,/__,. „_ 

brought Class . .^ t^ose prouucc.,. 

/ sales regardless of idle foT p^^. ^^j efforts by you 

and loose propaganda by f» —-—-==== 

of that agreement. ^~ 

The foregoing material was cop 
piled from records kept uno 
provisions of the agreement. 

r assc- 


Stating Our Case 

OW far is it proper for us to go 

compromise we 

would then have 


in calling to the attention of 

Inter-State Milk 
Producers' Association 


Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St., 

Philadelphia. Pa. 

RepreaentinB over 22.000 Dairy Farmart 
in the Philadelphia Milk Shed 


Irederick ShancU. Vice Pretident and 

Acting President 
I. R. Zollera. Secretary 
Auguat A. Miller. Aaiiatant .Secretary 
F. M. Twining. Treaiurer 

Board of Directors . 

tJ. Allebach. Trapi>e. Montgomery Co.. n 

H IJ. Allebach. I rapi>e. .. .>-.... ',- u 

S. K. Andrew.. Hurlork. Dorcheater Co.. M< 
J. H Bennetch. Sheridan R V> . Leljanon C 

Fred Bleiler. l.ynville. Lehigh Co.. Pa. 
Ira J. Book. Straaburg. l.ancaater Co.. Pa. 
H W. Cook, tikton. Md . New Caatle U 

K, H. Donovan. Smyrna. R O . Kent Co. 


By-Law Changes 

The committee appointed by 
the Board of Directors at its 
March meeting to study the 
changes in the by-laws will re- 
port its findings at the Annual 
Meeting. It is preparing a ten- 
tative program of changes for 
the consideration of members at 
that time. 

Among the subjects to be 
covered in thi- report are: - 

Qualifications for directors. 
Qualifications for member- 

Provisions for district nomi- 
nations for directorships. 
The adoption of a produc- 
tion control policy with cer- 
tain flexible provisions. 
Details have not been worked 
out at this writing but a more 

The Annual Field Day or "open 
house" of tlie New Jersey State 
College of Agriculture and Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station of Rut- 
gers University, will be held this 
year on Wednesday, June 13. 
according to an announcement by 
Prof. F. G. Helyar. director of 
resident instruction. 

Hoagland Gatea. F.lkton. Cecil C;o.. Md. 

Chester H Gro... M.nche.ter. York Co.. r. ^.^j^plgje report Will be ready by 

J. W Keith. Centerville. Queen Annea Co.. Md »."i"Hi^ » 1\/I„„t;r,r, 

A R Marvri. F.«,ton. laiboi Co . Md. thc timc of the Annual iVleeting. 

Wm pMendcnh.ll. Oowningtown. C heater C ^ ^ ^.^j ^^^ ^^ possible tO makc 

I v. Otto. ( aiiiaie. R. D.. Cumberland Co^ Pi ^\^^^ changes at the forthcoming 

Philip Price. Weat Cheater. Cheater Co . P. l"^»^ y ^ ^ „ .1 „ \^., U»„„ 

Albert Sang. Bower,. Berk. Co.. Pa. Hnnual meeting as the by-laws 

Frederick .Shangle.lrenton.RD. Mercer U ^^^^j^^ ^^^^ ^^^ changes in the 

Harry B. Stewart. Alexandria. Huntingar 

Co.. Pa. „ „ 

M. 1.. Stitl. Spruce Hill. Juniata Co^ Pa 
John Carvel Sutton. Kennedyville. Kent ^ 

S. U Troutman. Bedford. R. D.. Bedford C 

R. 1 Tuaaey. Hollidaynl.urg. Blair Co. Pa 
.... .. .,1 I ^ 1^,. 

Salem & 

I'. M. Twining. Newtown. Bucka Co.. Pa. 

A. B W«<ldington. Wootlatown. 

N J . D. 

B H. Wclty. Wayneaboro. Franklin Co.. P» 
F. P. Wilhta. Ward. Delaware Co.. Pa. 
Two vacancies. 

Executive Committee 

Frelenck Sh.ngle. Acting C.h«irrnan 
F. P. Willita A. B. Waddinglo" 

R. I. luaaey 
1-.. H. Donovan 

by-laws must be included in the 
original call of the meeting or 
be brought before two annual 
meetings before final action can 
be taken. 

A thorough discussion at this 
time will make it possible for the 
officers to determine the reac- 
tion of the membership to the 
proposed changes. 

frn'r-Statc members the nature of 
the oijposition to the personnel 
and policies of your association? 
We feel that the answer can be 
found in the source of that opposi- 
tion and how it has been fostered 
and nourished. 

Certain members of the Inter- 
State Milk Producers' Association 
are known to be dissatisfied with 
some policies of the organization 
but very little of the trouble is 
known to originate with those 
mem'::ers. We call attention to the 
fact that only a few members have 
ever withdrawn, or even made any 
inquiry about withdrawing from 
their association. Some of them 
have seen fit to remain as Inter- 
State members after they have re- 
putedly joined another and rival 
association. We will know how 
many after June 4, Such a stand 
is inconsistent and unreasonable. 
Such members, we feel, are fighting 
with themselves. 

The two attorneys who have 
handled most of the legal work 
against the Inter-State have not. 
to our knowledge, appeared as 
representing Inter-.State members 
except in one case which was in 
handling the injunction against the 
annual meeting. In that case it had 
to be done in the names of niembers 
because it concerned an internal 
affair of the organization. 

In other cases they have acted 
as counsel for an orKanization set 
up as a rival to yom association. 
That organization's u-presentatives 
have repeatedly attacked your 

association. Those attacks were 
made for that organization and 
not for any group of Inter-State 
members. It was at meetings called 
by that organization that proxies 
were obtained from your fe low 
members of the Inter-State. 1 hese 
proxies bear the names of the two 
attorneys and a director of the 
rival association, none of whom are 
members of your association. 

You and your fellow mem':ers 
have every right to name whom- 
ever you wish to do your voting for 
you. But we feel it is our duty 
to call to your attention the fact 
that the individuals whose names 
are on these certain proxies are not 
fellow members and they have not 
been working toward maintaining 
a unified producer group in this 
market. Attempts to compromise 
with the rival organization have 
been turned down flat, creating the 
impression that a reasonble degree 
of harmony prevailing among pro- 
ducers would be unsatisfactory to 
certain people. 

In addition, one of the attorneys 
who is counsel for this group and 
whose name appears on the proxies 
collected by it. has appeared as 
counsel for two corporations gen- 
erally referred to as chain grocery 
stores and for the distributor who 
supplies milk to the stores owned 
by those corporations. That is a 
relationship which many producers 
consider incompatible with their 
best interests. It is for you to 
decide whether it is for your best 

interests. , <• i j- 

We feel that much of the dis- 
satisfaction which is said to exist 

been glad to work with them to- 
ward that end. But they ignored all 
such attempts saying there can be 
no compromise and saying it in the 
name of a rival organization of un- 
known sincerity. Therefore we feel 
it our duty to inform such of the 
Inter-State members as also belong 
to that organization of the facts as 
they come to us. We urge all 
members to scrutinize carefully the 
motives behind any invitation to 
attack the Inter-State. 

92 Score -Solid Pack 

New York Chicago 








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24 66 

IV / 1 


21 '4 






23 'i 


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21 '4 

23 'i 
















25' 4 

23 '4 

23 66 

22 4 

A cooperative bull association 
may help several farmers to better 
herds at a relatively low cost. 

Uncle Ab says he wonders how 
many persons will change their 



hen there are jobs to 

A. R. Marvel 
Wm. Mendenhall 


Page 6 


May, 19 



l'a(?e 7 

Cross Breeding 

Wrecking Many 

New Jersey Herds 

"Many New Jersey dairy farmers 
are wrecking their herds by keeping 
two distinct breeds and crossing 
them." declares E. J. Perry, exten- 
.:__ Jo-^yir-ar. of the State College 
orAgriculture. Rutgers University. 
Mr. Perry blames this develop- 
ment on the effort of dairy farmers 
to produce a milk of sufficient test 
to meet the demands of some milk 

"With the idea of getting a su- 
perior milk and saving on the ex- 
pense of keeping two sires of the 
breeds represented, too many of 
these dairymen have only one sire 
for both breeds", he reported. "It 
is natural to dream of the ease of 
obtaining very quickly a herd that 
will give a large flow of milk with 
an exceptionally high test, but the 
proce 8 is not simple. 

"The development of a modern 
breed of dairy cattle is the result 
of a long continued process of 
selection of individuals showing 
characters sought by the breeder. 
By this method the desired char- 
acters have become fixed." 

Mr. Perry explained that cross- 
ing distinct breeds interfered with 
this transmission of the factors and 
combinations of factors that ac- 
count for the distinctive characters 
of the individual breeds. The re- 
sult, he said, is not an exact blend- 
ing of the characters of the two 
breeds, but an entirely new com- 
bination which may result in the 
loss of most of the valuable traits 
of each parent. 

"It is likewise true", he added, 
"that the offspring of the first 
cross may prove desirable in many 
respects, but from a standpoint of 
breeding these crossbred animals 
are an unknown quantity when 
crossing is continued. As a rule, 
little is gained and the outcome 
very often is disastrous. 

Farmers Sweeten Sour 

Soil With Cheap Lime 

Hard times in recent years have 
reduced farmers' purchases of lime, 
but they have also stimulated the 
development of local sources of 
limestone. Where both coal and 
limestone frequently occur, a tre- 
mendous amount of lime has been 
burned by farmers in open stacks. 
Where coal was not cheaply avail- 
able, good lime has been burned 
with well-seasoned hard wood. 

Many old draw kilns, which had 
been cold for years, iiavc been 
cleaned and repaired. 1 hese are 
burning lime at costs as low as 10 
cents a bushel, or $2.30 a ton. 

Where coal is high priced it is 
often cheaper to have the lime- 
stone ground on the farm with a 
portable pulverizer instead of burn- 
ing it. This can be done for less 

than $2 a ton and eliminates the 
labor of hauling. 

Local marl beds and local sources 
of waste lime from paper mills, tan- 

Real Accomplishments 

. r^i I „-;«.« 

A SERIOUS .ituafon in the »"»""' "' P"' 'T'^ cut'j 
"n-eriel-Ind other .ndus.rle.. as well A PKiladelph.a .ilk .arke. was re.a.nder of h„ ...k 

nerie.. and o.he, industries, as well jf\ .Pi' ^fd Apn' by'q' Tn" but where no provision, were av. 
as fine screening Iron, limestone -"^t -.-^^rl ".hlpar. ot able .» either jeparate or ™„ 

quarries, are now interesting farm 
ers who a few years ago would not 
have bothered with these relatively 
bulky and inconvenient forms. 

averted in ^^/P"' ^y ^^"-^^^^"^j ^ble o ei her separate or man 

=Si5Si'2iH.-.:; s™s CAS- °- 

111 _A.l»nn*-/ll 

that they wouiu uujr .*.. . — -- - 
percent of each producers basic 

Can You Pick Them? 

OOME: pseudo-economists, including officers of the Allied 
O Dairy Farmers Association, have contended that the way 
to sell more milk and get rid of our surplus is to reduce the 
price of milk, also that raising the price of milk reduces milk 
sales. Does a modest price change exert such radical influence 
on consumption? 

If they are right it should be easy for every one of us to 

pick from the following chart the months in which milk 

prices changed. 

The chart contains the sales of fluid milk, by quarts, of 
the four largest dealers in Philadelphia during a recent fifteen- 
month period. The sales have been adjusted to a 30-day 
basis for every month and the months are arranged in con- 
secutive order. During those fifteen months the price dropped 
once from ten cents to nine cents a quart, and later increased 
twice, first from nine cents to ten cents and later from ten 
cents to eleven cents a quart for "B" milk. 

Can you pick the first full month affected by each price 
change? Sorry we cannot offer prizes to the winners but if 
possible we will print the names of those who pick from the 
chart the first month affected by each price change. Just 
send in the sales figures as given in the chart for each of the 
three months which, in your opinion, were first affected by 
the price changes and state whether that month was affected 
by a lower or a higher price. 

Look for the correct answer in tlie June Review. 

This action was taken because 
was asserted, the control board c 
der was not clear and it would pi 
tect the company from handli; 
excess milk at a loss. 

Producers from nearby counti 
were called in to the Inter-Stj 
office, officials of the company wt 
asked to attend and the conti 
board was invited. The conti 
board later decided it best to mee 
committee on neutral ground. [ 
H. C. Reynolds of the control boa 
was present at a part of the meetr 
as an individual. 

The situation was discus* 

possibilities outlined, and fina 

your sales manager and the di 

company officials agreed upon 

compromise program which wasi 

cepted by the producers represc 

ed. This program, briefly, provic 

that the dairy companies take 

tne milk offered by all pre« 

producer patrons, that control boi 

prices be paid for each class, i 

as was mentioned in the notice t 

company sent out they would p 

for all milk according to the clai 

fication into which it would \i 

mately be used. 

Other companies had contr 
plated issuing similar notices 
their patrons but with the calling 
this meeting action was dela\ 
awaiting its outcome. 

It is understood that the co 
promise was temporary, giv 
producers a market for all tl 
milk while the control board » 
considering changes. These cham 
it is hoped will so clarify the or 
as to insure regular markets for 

producers. , . • j • 

Inter-State officials insisted in 
contacts that the Class I price 
protected at all hazards and tha 
market be kept available for 
other milk but with the produ 
given the privilege of using 
home, milk produced beyond Ct 
1 needs. It was felt that the man 
would be served best if prica 
such additional milk be ori a b* 
that will permit competition » 
other areas rather than drive b 
ers to those areas or worse sti 
bring a flood of lower priced i 
into this market and break it. 





Inter-State Milk Producers Association 

Monday and Tuesday, June 4 and 5, 1934 

At the Broadwood Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Broad and Wood Streett 

o..c,Mr<i<i «;P<;<;iON MONDAY. JUNE 4, at 10:00 A. M., Eastern Standard Time 

Stockholder. oTthc InUr-S.a.e M,lk P'o^-ers Ajc.aUon, Inc., w.U^be Wd at^,h^^^^_^^ ^^ ^,,.^^ ^^^^^^^^^ ,„ „,^. |,„„a „, o.,.c,.,. 
Kn. ^t^ru °°St';rr;:dT„rt.ra„„ of ,uch businc, a, ,„ay b. -cc^^ry^^^^^^ g,^^^^, ,, ^^ .„^ p,^^.,„„, 
Hearing I^ep ^ RALPH ZOLLMRS. .Secretary 


•„:r,«llv scheduled will be followed as closely as possible) 
rThe same program as originally scueauiea will 

VincBrtiii^K s , _ , __ Qrtp. 4 K/i V wit« to citv milk i 

A Great Producer 

The highest butterfat record 
any living cow in this country 
completed on April 1 5 by the p 
bred Holstein. Carnation Pro8[ 
Ormsby Gluck. owned by Cai 
tion Milk Farms, near Seattle. 
365 day production was 33.3' 
pounds of milk containing M- 
pounds of butterfat. 

The new living champion i 
grand-daughter of Segis Piett 
Prospect, the all-time record hO| 
for milk production with 3/,> 
pounds in one year and is a tj 
fourths sister of Carnation r 
pect Veeman the holder o 
highest yearly milk record ot 
living cow with 36.859.4 pound 

Monday. 10:00 A.M. Business meeting. Election of 
Directors. Reports of Officers. 
2:00 P.M. Continuation of business meeting and 

special features. . i , <t| SO 

6:00 P.M. Banquet, entertainment tickets .$1 .^U. „.„,ral sessions at this year's meeting 

Tuesday. 8:00 A.M. Visits to city milk and ice cream 
plants, and to association offices. 
1000 AM. General public se«ion. including di.s- 
cussion of marketing problems, addresses. 


At the time of the Postponed Annual Meeting 

Plans have been made for members to visit various 
milk distribution and ice cream manufacturing P»«"^ °" 
Tuesday morning. June 5th. These w. 1 be made 
under the direction of the Field and Test Department. 

Register at the desk on Monday. June 4th. Select the 
plant you wish to visit, and obtain free bus transportation 

Turn to Page 3. Read it 
carefully. Will the proxy 
you signed last fall express 
your wishes today? If not, 
sign another. If you are not 
sure about that proxy sign 
a new one anyway. 



Th. A,» ha, arranged fo. 'M-.l .k^I^|^«^a-^^ meet- 
ing hotel headquarters, the Broadwood I Intel. Uroad and 
delphia. Pa. 

These reservation, should, .f PO-iWel.. made ihrouKl. the o^ 
Inter-State Milk Produce^' 219 N Hroad .^t . rni 

The .pecal rate for rooms, with bath, .s $2 00 per day per person 
In order to be located at the I leadqu.rters I lotel. rcK,m reservations .hould 
be made promptly. 

(1 .11 out .n,i return_^i^i^«2'::i!ii.'!i:::i'!:i'i:^^ 

Inter-State Milk Producer.* Association 

219 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, fa. 

Please reserve room accommodation at the Broadwood Motel for Annual 
Meeting at the rate of $2 00 per day. per person 

Check day of arrival June 3 D June 4 D • 

Number in Party 


Directors Met April 28th 

A Special Meeting of the Board 
of Directors of your Association 
was held on April 28th. to discuss 
tentative plans for the Annual 
Meeting of the Association. I he 
Board authorized a committee 
consisting of Directors Twining. 
Keith. Otto. Shangle, Donovan 
and Mendcnhall. and C. E. Cowan, 
fieldman. and H. K. Martin Chair- 
man of the Middle Ground Com- 
mittee, to act for the Board in 
arranging the necessary details for 
scheduling the Annual Meeting 

A thorough discussion was held 
on the market situation in the area 
the supply of milk, the operation of 
the Control Board Order, and the 
reaction to certain workings of the 

Order. ,, 

The directors reported informally 
on the sentiment toward the asso- 
ciation in their respective areas. 
A distinct swing in favor of the 
present policies of the Association 
was noted in practically all areas. 

Pennsylvania Testing 

Pennsylvania cows in dairy herd 
improvement associations in 1935 
averaged 8207 pounds of milk and 
324. 1 pounds of butterfat which is a 
slight improvement over the pre- 
vious year. Of the 32.579 cows on 
which records were kept 5604 were 
disposed of during the year, bx- 
actly 2021 were sold because of low 
production and 1381 for dairy 
purposes, with udder trouble, abor- 
tion, sterihty. death, old age. tu- 
berculosis and accidents following 
in the order given. 

FJghty-five associations complet- 
ed a full vears work during 1933 
of which "43 averaged more than 
8 000 pounds of milk per cow while 
858 herds averaged more than iUU 
pounds of butterfat per cow. 

Your association offices are 
again inconvenienced by the opera- 
tion of the '•Daylight Saving 
custom. We open and close one 
hour earlier than in the winter 

Docs the end justify the means> 
If the means are mean, we say, 

The cheese' imported into the 
United States in 1932 would have 
provided a market for the milk of 
about I 50.000 cows had that cheese 
been made in this country, accord- 
ing to O. i:. Reed. Chief of the 
Bureau of Dairy Industry. Cheese 
importations are decreasing steadi- 
ly because science has enabled our 
own cheese workers to make a 
product of a quality equal to most 
imported cheeses. 




May, l^^y, 1934 

MILK PR O D U^EJR S^ t:j/J_E^ 

Pagf 9 

Home and Community 


Hannah McK. Lyons, M.D. 



Ctizabeth i\A.cG. Graham, 


The American dream that has lured tens of millions 
of all nations to our shores in the past century has not 
been a dream of merely material plenty, though that 
has doubtless counted heavily. It has been much 
more than that. It has been a dream of being able 
to grow to fullest development as man and woman, 
unhampered by the barriers which had slowly been 
erected in older civilizations, unrepressed by social 
orders which had developed for the benefit of classes 
rather than for the simple human being of any and 
every class. 

It has been a great epic and a great dream. What, 
now, of the future? 

. . . If the American dream is to come true and 
abide with us, it will, at bottom, depend on the people 
themselves. If we are to achieve a richer and fuller 
life for all, they have got to know what such an achieve- 
ment implies. 

. . . If we are to make the dream come true, we 
must all work together, no longer to build bigger, but 

to build better. 

— James Truslow Adams 



(From a Study by U. S. Division of Population and Rural Life) ^j^^ 



"Mother, my 

birthday is next 
week. Let's 

have a party. 
Mother was 
havinil very 
busy days — a 
party just 
seemed out of 
the question. 
T hen t h c 
came ai!;ain. It 
trouble, and the 

If your young guests are at the 
age when they are still having cer- 
eal suppers, dress up the cereal so 
that it becomes a new dish. Mold 
in small individual cups and put a 
face on it with seedless raisms. It 

Counties and townships were organized in colonial days long ^tij'^" '^n'^^ant to come and may we 

the Revolutionary War. 

Underlying the present problems of 1 

government are three major trends in our American life. 

Mother looke( 



creamed dried Ueei 

agiiast at the idea ot 

he added. 

The first is in the num'.er. distribution and occupational '^'7^reamed beef ^^^^^^^^^ 
tion of the population. In New Jersey, for example. t»^<= ""-.^'' J^f^^^.^irthe boys like it too." 
persons dependent upon agriculture seems to have decreased, ^hi'e jjj'^^,^;^ g.,ve an assuring smile as 
number non-agriculturally employed has increased greatly. y^^ ^^^ ^^ .^^,\ we sat down, discuss- 

The second major trend consists of the marvelous development-j^j^ children's parties 
the field of transportation and communication. It is probably true t A mother 

ibout as near his State CapStanding 




t the beginning of the 19th Century, frr^g^j"^'jjy J-^.h"'' fo„d at the right 

the average citizen of New Jersey is now a 

as he was to his county seat a. „ - . yv 

the point of view of time and effort required to make the trip. ^j^^ ^^^ 

The third major trend is in part a result of the two mentiot^eH fed becomes panic 
md in part a product of other forces. This 

a keen under- 
how important 
lildren and just 

junket is tne uesscii. «-u* 
lends itself nicely to drawing de- 
signs over the top of the cup, per- 
haps a tree, or river, or a face. 
Cream of spinach, tomato or split 
pea soup may be colorful with dots 
of whipped cream on which is a 
liny leaf of parsley floating. 

If the guests are at an age to 
need something more substantial 
you will like the Juvenile Chicken 
Pie. Of course, there must be a 
birthday cake with candles, and 
the fun of blowing them out. Have 
you tried Blanc Mange Birthday 
Cake> And what numerous possi- 
bilities with junket! But that is 
another story. May and June will 
bring many children's parties. M 
we can help you, write us. 

Is There Malnutrition At Your Table? 

,ns in keeping little iM.-ople 
;ky when she 

trend is in changes of vkarns that her good neighbor has 

ana in pan a piuuu^i «■ wv.v.. .- - «» i, j i„,i »„ Kave a birthday party, 

of living. Even though we may believe that most families 7">'i;-j^,tt heJ faUly and tl^- 'child- 
well to become more self-sufficient, the increasing complexity ot hur ^^ ^^ ^^^ neighborhood are invited 
relationships resulting from modern science, invention and populat^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ji,,j, ^hcn it 


Juvenile Chicken Pie 

yellow cornmeal I c boiling water 

4 c 



of wheat 
then add 

growth will inevitably force governments into ever-widening sphere ^^^^ 
activity. It is therefore very important that we come to a better unc 

such a tired child", arid 
--. . , ,L » perhaps an anxious night for moth- 
standing of the handicaps and difficulties under which our present uiF ^^^ ^^^^^^ because of unusual 

Photo "Nature M«»aiine" 

Wild Flowers 

Those who live in Pennsylv-Tnii an^ 
the near-by regions are fortunite in 
po8se«8in< an exception illy ricS variety of 
nitive flora Many pi ;nts have their 
nortliem outpost in this arei, while for 
other pl-nts this resion mrnrks their 
southern borderline The range of soil 
an-l altitude wit'iin a few hun4red miles 
also contributes to this variety. 

Amon? our nitive plants are some of 
the world's most beautiful flowering 
shrubs, such as the mountain liurel. rho- 
dodendron and t'le az\lei. 

Spring brings us t'le bloodroot. arbutus, 
wood anemone, and our n live orchids 
Whole hillsides will soon be liifhtened with 
the blossomin? wild cheery. Judis tree 
and dogwood. Later will come the lilies, 
the blue bells and trilliums 

This wealth of nitive bloom is per- 
petually endangered by ruthlefs persons 
who dii? up clumps, root and all. of some 
of the sprinsf flowers which each year 
grow rirer For many of these plants 
are truly wild flowers and will not thrive 
under all conditions Limbs of dogwood 
and worst of all rhododendron, casu- 
ally broken off for the sake of a brief hour 
or two of blossom, may take years to 
grow again, or never be replaced. 

If you would like to have information 
about our nitive flowering plants, espec- 
ially those which need protection from 
picking, write for "Preservation of Wild 

Flowers", Bulletin No 503. Pennsylvania 
Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg. 

Flower Growing 

Goes Cooperative 

The commercial flower-growers are the 
newest group t3 be welcomed into the 
cooperative family! A Colorado f- lower 
Growers Cooperative has been organized 
within t"ie past year, reports the Coopera- 
tive Marketing Journal. Flowers are sold 
through t 'C pssociilion, with a large per 
cent of tie blooms shipped to eistern 
markets. Through a stabilization furd 
each member receives his pro-rata return 
on every "pool." If only 85 percent of 
the carnation ■, for example are sold 
during any on? jieriod. each grower re- 
ceives pay for 83 percent of his production, 
regardless of the actual number of flowers 
he has suppli.-d. 

NOTE: Those convinced of the necessity 
of cooperating together in our agricullur I 
problems will find much information in 
"The Cooperalioe Markeling Journal", 
published every other month from I7il 
Eye Street. NW.. Washington. D C 
The subscription price ia one dollar. 

Your Shopping Service 

1 Nowadays when the children go 

roller skating they wear low shoes 
which meani that invariably the strap 
across the instep cuts deeply into the 
flesh if it is not protected. A soft sponge 
rubber and felt cushion worn across the 
instep will supply the lack of a supporting 
shoe and enable the strap to fit securely 
for it is made with slits through which 
the ankle strap runs. These cushions come 
in red. blue, green and brown and cost 
15 cents. 
Q Knitting has set the feminine world 

agog these days and sooner or later 
you too will be thinking of making a bag 
to hold that new suit you have just start- 
ed. You'll need a pair of wooden rotls 
with ball ends for it. which come in light 
and dark finishes in l}'/2 and 15 inch 
lengths. Let us tell you where you can 
secure them for 25c a pair. 

of governments now labor 

The functions generally performed by 
townships und boroughs may lie roughly 
classified as protection, education, roads, 
health and welfare, sanitation, public 
utilities, recreation, civic and certain over- 

Many students of government doubt 
whether really efficient local self-govern- 
ment can be provided for groups of less 
than 5000 people. Just how a borough of 
5 persons, a township of 80 inhabitants or 
a city of 256 residents can perform the 
minimum functions re<|uired of them is a 
question. But unless consolidation of 
units that are clearly too small to render 
efficient services is accompanied by other 
changes, however, such enlarged units 
may be no better than the ones from 
which they are formed. Consolidation 
alone is no panacea for the ills of many 
townships and boroughs. 

Who Is Responsible? 
Some of the more obvious problems 
are divided authority, patronage, law 
enforcement and lack of state supervision. 
Emergencies will sometimes cause expen- 
ditures to exceed estimates even in the 
best organized governments, but such ex- 
cesses should be the exception rather than 
the rule. Progressive cities here and there 
have demonstrdted that by proper bud- 
getary procedure and centralization of 
spending authority they can operate with- 
out deficits even under depression condi- 
tions and at no sacrifice of essential ser- 
vices. ..... , 

But many other municipalities have 
ignored these fundamentals of good 
government .Some critics are all to prone 
to lay this fault at the feet of citizens 
saying that they can control the spending 
policies of their local government by 
exercise of their voting streni^th. This 
criticism might be sound if it were an 
easy matter for Mr Average Citizen to 
place his finger upon the parties respon- 
sible for the deficits. 

As a matter of fact, due to both lack 
of centralized authority and to inadequate 
accounting procedures it is practically 
impossible for Mr Average Citizen to do 
this unless he has sufficient intelligence 
and plenty of time to audit the books 
With spending authority properly con- 
centrated, and with suitable though not 
necessarily expensive accounting practices 
put into effect, the citizens are in a better 
position to know what is going on and who 
is responsible. 

Political patronage rather than real 
merit governs far too many appointments. 
We do not have in America a distinct 
profession of public service in country and 

foods eaten. . . 

municipal governments except in tht j^^jj^|j.jj,p ^f nutrition, the old 


But with the newer 

On Trial 

Local self government is undergoc ' 

party with rich 
d foods suited 

of education, and to some extent in pi 
health and scientific public welfare wt'f"^ 

cakes and ices an 
,.only for adult digestion must go. 
d we are learning of a new 
at home and 

period of testing and trial the like of w Inste id we are 
we have never before experienced m J^md of party given 
history of this country. Some are ut ^j^j^ f^oj suitable for children, 
practically a complete abandonmen yj^pre cannot be much new in 
local self-government in '"vor ° "n confine ourselves 

trating all control over local affairs a tOOdS SO wc ^l.JrW v^ill 

hand of the state, pomting to variou. to new ways in serving which win 
amples of municipal graft and corrup -^j^j^e the plain every day rccipes 
of reckless or wasteful spending, ol ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ "special." What 




I lowever 

faulting debt obligations, of long conti! » ,11? „r,t f;nrl t new deliuht 

failures to balance budgets, mountm, toy Will "°y '"1.? .r^."^- "1''^"^ i^ 
burdens, anc, of apparent indifferem his creamed bee it it is served in 
local citizens to the seriousness of I ^J^g gkin of baked potatoes, with a 

, , 1 tiny flag stuck in one end. If you 
the giving up of local -^ couole of wee figures from 

government is neither necessary nor b "ive « coupie oi w » 

able, and it is probable that a large the five and ten cent store, you 
jority of the American people woulc ^^^y j^ayj. a boat sailing to the lane 
press the same conviction if giver ^j ^^^^ which is the white mound 
opportunity. Our present antiqi^ , scooped out baked 

mnrh nerv of loca government cat iiia<..c iiui i n . r , ll„.., 

l^rgaS and modernized in sue potato With a helping of yellow 
way as will retain plenty of opportil butter on the top. 
for self-determination. But to accomi eleven o'clock in the morning is 
this we will have to cut Icxise from J j^^JiJ J.^^, f^^ a small child's 

long-established forms and pracl P ^^ ^^^ ,^^^^ 

Type, of Change. \^^J-^^^ jj^^,, j^ ,he middle of 

the day. At this time the morning 
nap is over and the children are 
ready for a romp. The meal comes 
at noon and they are home in time 
for their afternoon rest. And their 


cream of wheat 2 c mi 
1/2 tsp. salt 
cornmeal and cream 
Add salt to boiling water, 
cereal Boil until mixture thickens 

Place in double boiler and stir in the milk 
Cook about 2 hours. 

For Filling 
1 c. cold chicken, diced I c. cooked green 
I c cooked carrots. pc^s 

diced 2 c cream sauce 

1 ine baking dish with the cereal. 1 urn 
filling into this. Cover with remaining 
cereal and bake just long enough to heat 
thoroughly and brown 

Blanc Mange Birthday Cake 

h } c scalded milk 

t Isp. vanilla 
cold milk pinch of salt 

Mix cornstarch and sugar with cold 
milk Add slowly to scalded rni k. C.x>k 
in double boiler 40 minutes Add vanilla 
and salt. Turn into molds wet hrst 
and stand in a cold place. When quite 
cold turn out on cake stand and decorate 
with whipped cream and birthday candles. 

5 tbsp. cornstarcr 


_! c sugar 

A note of warning .» »°""'l»i,^y />f 
Pennsylvania Department of 1 lealth which 
points to the following facts: 

Rural health cards report that malnu- 
trition among children in coun^ 
try districts has increased from 18/6 m 
1930 to 31% m 1952. 

In children of school age during the 
same period there was a general mcrease 
of 33% malnutrition 

"Malnutrition is conducive to the 
development of tuberculosis. The tuber- 
culosis problem in Pennsylvania as well 
as in the whole country is at present more 
acute than the immediate past says 
"Pennsylvania Health" With an enor- 
mous increase of malnutrition in children^ 
a much larger number will develop the 

active disease ^^ '""'",^°?"""!u*° '^X, 
the public the fact that this 
to kill more people 
under thirty-five years ol age than any 
other disease." . 

What is malnutrition anyway> It i» 
not a disease but a condition more pre- 
valent in rural communities than >" "rban 
centers during "ormaU.mes. and ,s Ju' 
usually to improper feeding rather than to 
lack of food 

"An increase in the morbidity of this 
disease (tuberculosis) is already 
bound to continue to 

home to the pu 
malady continues 

following this period of depression The 
number of years over which this tubercu- 
losis increase will last is dependent upon 
the rapidity with which the country as^ 
sumes normal living conditions, and wtth 
what success the public is taught to provide 
nourishing foods at low cost 

tvery farm can produce the foods 
which, when eaten, protect against mainu 
trition. These three foods are milk, green 
vegetables and fresh fruits .... 

This is why so much emphasis is being 
placed on well planned vegetable gardens 
which not only supply tomatoes and 
spinach, etc. durmg the summer months 
but enough to carry over by canning lor 

winter use. ... -j j „,^, 

This. too. is why It IS considered poor 
economy for the dairy farm to ship all of 
the milk supply to the city I he city- 
child may be spared malnutrition while 
the child on the farm goes hungry in the 
midst of plenty" u . ,u. 

Educating the city public about the 
and in particular the 
Ik in the diet is the 


n crease 

protective foods, 
importance of milk in 
function of the Dairy Council If you 
yourself would like more information 
about "the protective foods write to the 
Dairy Council (219 N_ Broad Street, 
Philadelphia), for the leaflets. Livmg 
Well at Low Cost" and leeding a family 
of Five. ' 

Farm Women 

al taken of 

Vote On School Problems 

Three types of changes are impor 
in any thorough-going scheme of cw 
reorganization reallocation of fund 
between state, county and munK 
governments; inter-county consolidi 
and cooperation: and internal count; 

Reallocation of function seeks to regular schedule has not been 
the overlapping which occurs when tubbed 
more governmental units perform e» 

or „ 

tially the same function, and to as 
services to those units which can ret 
the most effective and economical sen 
For example, in the field of roads. p« 
protection, and public welfare 

Inter-country cooperation in the m 
tenance of services might be practici 
For example, two or more counties ir- 
maintain one jail, one alms house, or 
general or special hospital This t 
has been tried out successfully in sev 
states, notably in Virginia, in the cW 
alms houses. 

The adoption of a'ny of these sugf 
ons should not V>e urged until altf 
thorough study of the probable eftec 
such changes upon local government 

Note for a copy »/'^' »'"'''''" {l^''• r'i'j 
Hurfau of /tgrlcutlural /-.conomlo.^ lVr% 
- Local Covtrnmfnl In Ntw Jertey, by I . U " 

If later in the day is more to 
your liking, and you are trying to 
observe "the new deal" in your 
children's party by serving the 
foods to which they are accustom- 
ed, you may have them come at 
four or five in the afternoon. 

They have then had their after- 
noon rest. You avoid the problem 
of mid-afternoon refreshments and 
the child eating at irregular hours. 
Instead of refreshments they re- 
ceive their evening meal. The 
expense is very little more (if any), 
the children go home ready for 
bed, and mother need not dread 
the night after! 


Vv! got a garden that's all my owrj; 

It's for nobody else but me. 

From the millions and millions of 

seeds I've sown 
Millions of flowers should have 

But they didn't. Only three. 

I planted those seeds with such care- 
ful care 
And made them so smooth with a 

rake. r, 

That they should have come up. tSut 

they aren't there, 
I've dug, but I can't find them any- 
where, , 
'Less I weeded them up by mistake. 

My garden is sometimes a sadness to 

When I think of the seeds I've sown; 

And then I remember my climbing 

My little pink pink- and my holly- 
hock tree. 

If I can't have many. I m glad to 

have three. 
And I'm glad they're all my own. 
Warn "Rhymes About Oursclues ' 

by Mahcmette G f hut« req 

In a recent pool taken or '^O farm 
women selected from 17 st tes. by the 
"Farmer's Wife ", the women agreed by a 
three-to-one vote that "the beU way ou 
oV the dilemma of the plight of he rural 
schools " IS a new source of school reven je 
.something to replace properly taxes 
And realizing that no unit sm.ller 
than a state c.n levy mcome »«"•«'' 
several other non-property taxes th.y 
favor increased state support of schools 

"The majority of the 160 women be- 
lived that the advantages of state support 
should out wei<h any dis idvantages. A J- 
mitting that far.-ners will help pay, d.r 
ectly or indirectly, for the st >te support of 
schools they point to I le fact that in 
states having this e',ualiz ition fund type 
of st.te support, most rur il communities 
are p .ying less to the state than they are 
receiving back. 

•The wealth of a s'^te wherever it 
resides, should educate the children of the 
stite. wherever they reside . says Mrs. 
Claude Llliott of Indian! 

"I know of on: township that has tive 
railroads runnin? t'nrou;<h it and paying 
local taxes, while the township "ght be- 
l,de It has none Children in the firs, 
township have splendid schools an the 
burden on the local taxpayers is light 
across f,e ro.d. which is the town 
line the schools are deplorable de 
fact that the taxpayers .submit 
levy as in the other 
ly way to even up the 
situation for both children and taxpayers 
nd distribute school money 
rea than a district, township 

for any- 
local, com- 

$1,200 in debt this year it has a responsi 
bility in helpin? us" , , . j 

In addition to this remedy of increased 
state support some of the women suggest 
another. They think they are running 
too much school •machinery for 
body to support, whether it be local, < 
munity or state They are far in 
mmority. as yet, but they are raismj the 

tiuestion'j. . , ,. 1 . 

The few women holdin; that view 
predict that one of these days legislatures 
will become convinced that the present 
system is wasteful, and that they will de- 
mand a reorganization from t le district 
or township into to a larger unit as the 
price of their continued fin incial support 



spite the 

to twice as high 

township The onl 

in to r.aise <•'. 

over a larger - . , i- . „ 

or even county, and do 1, according to an 
equaliz ition plan r nt v ,1, 

And Mrs Orris Robertson of New ^ ork 
pomts out that "sinre the state, with its 

uired standards for our school, put us 

The Annual Meeting 

Due to the growing interest of 
"Inter-State" women in the affair* 
of their cooperative organization, 
it is believed that those attending 
the Annual Meeting on June 4th 
and 5th will desire to be present in 
the business and educational ses- 
sions rather than a separate Wo- 
men's Meeting." The women are 
therefore invited to attend these 
sessions with other members of 
their family. Further information 
concerning the Annual Meeting 
will be found on other pages of the 
Review. You have vital a interest 
in how the products of your farm 
are to be marketed, as well as in 
sharing the responsibilities of pro- 
ducing them for the market. One 
is as important as the other to the 
income of the home. 

Page 10 




•jr, 1934 


Page 11 

Back of Agriculture's Trouble 

Local Situation Part of National Unrest 


A FTER months of agitation, we are able to look back upon certain features of the 
^^ agricultural situation as history. In the heat of controversy, all of u» are too 
apt to lose sight of principles, and shape our conduct upon prejudices. 

]_m.t ••• ]nr,\r at fU- proaa-nt millc rnntrov»>r»»v HH it reallv is a Dart of a Kreat move- 
ment in which the farmers of the Philadelphia Milk Shed are participating with millions 
of other farmers in other sections of the country. Agriculture, whether it be cotton, 
tobacco, wheat or milk, is sick. Although the greatest industry in the United States, 
it has been languishing for 50 years. We are witnessing an agricultural revolution 
which exceeds anything that the economic history of the world has ever seen. 

before realized. The farmers throughout the 

The milk producers in the four states 
around Philadelphia are participants in 
that revolution. If we participate sanely 
and with a knowledge of the great issue at 
stake, we will promote an orderly solution 
of our problems. 

As counsel for Inter-State Milk Pro- 
ducers' Association for 17 years past. 1 
have seen Inter-State Milk Producers" 
Association, under Willits and Balderston. 
organize the Philadelphia Market, regu- 
late the sale of milk, and iron out the losses 
which farmers used to incur by dealing 
with weak distributors in Philadelphia, 
constantly menaced with insolvency or 
bankruptcy. Sixteen years ago there were 
over five hundred distributors in Phila- 
delpha; today there are about 23. 

When the Inter-State passed into the 
Allebach administration in 1922, with 
Shangle and Zollers, new problems assailed 
the industry. From 1922 to 1933 the Inter- 
State was dealing with distributors con- 
stantly diminishing in number and in- 
creasing in wealth and power. Both the 
Federal and State Governments passed 
legislation attempting to strengthen co- 
operatives, to ease up credit possibilities, 
and by tariffs, to help agriculture in gen- 
eral. The Inter-State, like all other coop- 
eratives, availed itself of legislative reme- 

The Underlying Causes 

The great difficulty lay in the underly- 
ing causes of agricultural ill health. Since 
the Civil War legislation has favored in- 
dustry at the expense of agriculture. 
Agriculture's superficial prosperity during 
the Great War really intensified the misery 
thereafter. American farm lands, imple- 
ments and accessories were expanded by 
leaps and bounds, and then came the 
Peace. Europe went back to its agriculture 
in an attempt to obtain a subsistence level. 

Today's tariff on agricultural imports in 
the United States is practically useless be- 
cause we have vast surpluses that might 
be exported if the purchasing capacity 
abroad were available to purchase them. 

Such was our plight at the beginning of 
1933. To appreciate what has happened 
since that time requires a vivid recollection 
of numerous dramatic incidents. The 
peaceful revolutions that were in progress 
on March 4. 1933 in banking and industry 
and agriculture were quickly recognized by 
President Roosevelt. For farming, the 
Agricultural Adjustment Administration 
was quickly formed. The local coopera- 
tives in milk were strengthened by the 
power of the Federal Government in a 
way never previously possible. 

Advocate Control Board 

The States swung into line and New 
York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania set 
themselves for Milk Control Boards which 
are now a fact. The Inter-State officials 
advocated a Pennsylvania Milk Control 
Board before the Buckman Committee in 
May 1933; its Directors cooperated with 
the Federal Government in producing the 
first milk code, which was promulgated 
August 25. 1933. Through the AAA the 
milk problems of the nation were analyzed 
on a scale and with an accuracy never 

country became aw ire of two facts: first, 
that the sickness of American agriculture was 
deep-seated and of ancient origin: and 
second, the agricultural propserity was a 
prime essential for the propserity of the 

The Federal Government no longer 
flirted with meaningless agricultural traiffs 
but realized that our internal policies must 
be revamped to re-stabilize agriculture as 
a profitable part of our economic body. 

In the smoke of battle that has ensued 
let us keep that one consideration in mind. 
The entire public today recognizes the 
essential necessity of saving American 
agriculture. This offers agriculture the 
greatest opportunity that has come to it 
since the Civil War. Fortunately. Ameri- 
can farming has found a leader in Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, I lenry A Wallace, 
who. with understanding and learning, is 
leading the agricultural interests of the 
United States into the better day. 

The first milk codes in every part of the 
country aroused a storm of protest. Phila- 
delphia had its full share. Every element 
interested in the producing, handling, 
transporting, processing and consumption 
of milk has been aroused. .State Milk 
Control Boards, unknown a year ago, are 
now an accepted part of our agricultural 
life. Wisconsin leads the way by treating 
milk as a public utility. Conflicting inter- 
ests have drawn red herrings across the 
trail. The Federal Government has been 
drastically criticized for its able and well- 
meant efforts. The State Control Boards 
are being assailed from every direction be- 
cause their policies are either too conserva- 
tive or too radical. 

Miracles Not Possible 

Out of all of the sound and fury that has 
arisen, a discerning attitude at the present 
must prevail. Neither the Tederal Govern- 
ment nor the individual states can work 
miracles. Progress cannot come by unruly 
revolution. We may well wish to simplify 
the production and distribution of milk, 
but we live in a complicated civilization 
deiling with an extremely perishablecom- 
modity. Undoubtedly the greatest chang- 
es in the immediate future will come in 
distribution, which m ly be by coopera- 
tives, by chain stores, by doorstep distri- 
butors, or by municipal distribution: in 
fact, all four of these methods are now in 
vogue. It is certain that sound economic 
policies, rather than vague aspirations, 
must predominate in the milk industry of 
the future. 

Once again, let us realize that the producers 
haoe their own interests to conserve. They 
cannot conserve them by fighting among 
themselves. Indications are not lacliing that 
the dissatisfaction stirred up in the Phila- 
delphia Milk, Shed has been inspired by 
selfish interests who can profit by internal 
dissent ion in the rank "f the farmers. 

We have today splendid national .leader- 
ship. Lei us cease our internal quarreling 
and under its qualified and seasoned Board 
carry forward the Inter-Stale into this new 
phase of agricultural endeavor for which its 
experience of two decades past preeminently 
fits U. 

Basis of Agreement ^^^^^ ^^,,,„ ,„„„ ,k„„„ „„. 

The following stipulation was agreed to and signed by the aipected strength during the ast 
neys for your association and by the attorneys for the plaintiffs. Me.^ weeks. This is due to a con- 
Atkinson and Wilkinson and were accepted by the Court as the i j unfavorable relation be- 

upon which the election of directors shall be held. Read it carefullv , i -.^o^ and dairy prices 

veen teea piii-«-3 "• j ^ 

f L u = c ransed a definite reduc- 

ROBERT E. ATKINSON and \ C P. No. 4 'h'ch ^^f ."^"'"'. .■„„ sit- 

rUARLP«; L. WI' K'MSQM 1 «n in dairy production, l nis 

^ ^ "vs. ' September Term, nation extends throughout the cn- 

inter-state: milk producers* 

ASSOCIATION, a corporation. H. D. AL- \ 
LEBACH.I.R.ZOLLERS.F.M. twining. ' 


Dairy Market Conditions 

shortage of forage in many regions 
and poor pasture conditions, es- 

ire country except a part of the 
No. 8189 ^^^^ ^^^g^ section and is most pro- 
nounced in the dairy manufactur- 

ng areas. 
Production in market milk areas 
IT IS STIPULATED between counsel for plaintiffs and con^^^ j^g^^ |,eld well in line through 

he operation of classified use. or 
That the exceptions heretofore filed on behalf of the defenci^nsic-surplus. plans. Prices have 

in the butter sections. 
Should the latter condition improve 
sharply a general increase in pro- 
duction can be expected together 
with a drop in manufactured dairy 

I . . .: ..^A ;r.frca<s<'d nres- 

sure on fluid milk markets. It is 
doubtful, however, that ffuid mar- 
kets will break as the flush season 
will be past in two months and or- 
d markets will resist such 

prices or an unusual demand can 
keep up good prices. The former, 
of course, would increase production 
costs and reduce or eliminate pro- 
fits to producers in spite of possible 
better prices. 

for defendants as follows: 

totheMaster'sinterlocutory report be and the same are hereby withdn^^lj steady of recent months with 
2. That the adjourned annual meeting of the defendant Associrew changes, most changes being 

copy ot tnis stipulation snaii oe pu 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Review. 

Philip Price 

C. Craig Tallman 

shall be fixed to convene on June 4. 1934. at l():()0 A. M. (StatK^light raises to producers. With the 

• at 

not prob- 

pt where 

prices are now definitely too low. 

, . • 111 f .1 f II • J 1 . lAn attempt to raise prices to both 

3. It IS agreed that the terms of the following named directors n ■ „.,^,.,o in thi- 
■ 111- I II I I 1 -1 .-. •^•■nrliir^r4 aiici r')nsumers m i"«- 

expired and that their successors shall be elected at said meetitig. nartiProauctis a. , ■ i i i 

J. H. Bennetch New York market was blocked by 

A. R. Marvel court action. 

I. V. Otto -Yhe recent increase in butter 

Chester Gross ^^.^^^ ^,^^^,d ^^^,, ^ strengthening showing more 

MarkLStUt influence on the entire market 

Hoagland Gates structure. This increase is contrary 

C. F. Preston to seasonal exF>ectation8 and the 

F. Shangle predicted reduction in demand for 

5- i;^i'^*''^ storage butter apparently failed to 

^- ^^'"'"« develop. This is probably due to pnces are 

the general industrial recovery and 

, ... , ^ . , , , ... hopes for a stronger demand at 

4. r..ither party may offer evidence before the IVlaster. at ac, "^ . • ,,., ri... .Mln- 
I r J • J r"^L J . r »i »• r J .■ better prices next winter. 1 nt piic<. 

to be fixed in advance of the date of the meeting, tor consideration o*-"^' ^ . f 

the Master in determining whether or not any additional vacancies eof 92 score butter increased from 
which are to be filled at the forthcoming election. 22.5 cents at New York on April 

r r-- 1 . It J \ c .1 \n . t J II to 25.25 cents on April 30 and a 

5. Either party may offer evidence before the Master for considi • ' ■•" '■ r ij a/- 
tion by the Master in determining the stockholders entitled to vott month's average of 2i.WJ cents as 
said election, and any other evidence relevant to the matters allegeo compared to an average of 20. oo 
the Bill of Complaint. cents in April. 193 3. Cheese prices 

6. The stock transfer books of the Assaciation shall remain o; reflect the same tendency as butter, 

until the close of business on May 15. 1934, and shall remiin da showing a slight seasonal drop from 

from that date until the conclusion of the election. A list of stockholo j^e March high but being substan- 

of record at the close of business on May 15. 1934 shall be prepared jj^Hy above prices a year earlier. 

the officers of the Association and filed with the Master on or bel r> j , ^.,i;.,,,ir.<r »t a 

KM ic iniA J I 11 1 » J u .^1 \/i » t ■ Production is continuing at a 

May 25. 1934. and shall be accepted by the IVlaster as prima faciei , • 

dence of the stockholders entitled to vote at said meeting. lower level than a year ago cJespite 

.,, • , ,1 , ,1 1 1 I K* L f an increased number of cows. I his 

7. All proxies shall be hied with the IVlaster at the time of . , , . , • , 
I ■ M *^ L II 1 • J L- 1 u 1 . ■ .^ <L 18 due to higher gram | 

election. No proxy shall be received which bears a date prior to ot 

ember 22. 1933. In case more than one proxy is received from the m 
stockholder, regardless of tlic date appearing thereon, the Master i\ 
communicate by mail with such stockholder to ascertain which pp 
he desires to be voted, and the vote shall be accepted and recon 
accordingly. Failing to receive any reply to such inquiry within one wf 
such proxy shall not be voted. 


Dairy products have moved into 
consumer trade channels liberally. 
Demand for butter has been strong 
and the trade output of butter, 
cheese, condensed and evaporated 
milk increased 9 percent over the 
first quarter of 1933, or a milk 
equivalent of a billion pounds, 
while production decreased a slight- 
ly greater amount. This has result- 
ed in reducing storage stocks to 
about normal. Indications point 
to a rise in fluid milk consumption 
of at least a seasonal normal, some 
than normal increases. 
Prices during the next few months 
will be influenced largely by the 
relation of supply to demand and 
the supply will be determined by 
pasture conditions. After that feed 
likely to be the deter- 
mining factor. The ability to in- 
crease production sharply is present 
as shown l>y a record number of 
cows. Only relatively high feed 

Wisconsin Prices 

An average of $1.10 per hundred 
^^..,^r^<, w«s obtained by Wisconsin 
faVmers for their milk during March. 
Milk for cheese brought $1.09. tor 
butter $1.01. for evaporated milk 
$1.13 and market milk brought 
$1.42. Butterfat price was %.ll. 
Wisconsin produces about 10 per- 
cent of the nation's milk, these 






HUINUKt.U3 11^ 


Simply fill milk can ship- 
piiiK »"ll ">»=" Hurn-Kooi 
and cool imlli quickly to with- 
in 5% ol the water temper- 
ature. .Simple.t and mo-.t 
.atisfactoiy cooler on the 
rket. Economical . ea»y to 


figures therefore representing an 
important part of the nation s milk 
income. Production per cow was 
lower on April I . than a year 
earlier but a larger number of cows 
more than balanced this difference. 

Agenta wante<l 

I In.tant Manufacturirjg Co., 

1 Box U-172, No. Mancheater, Ind. 

1 .Send me postpaid one \ '""'Kool 

Milk Cooler. I enclose J4.VJ. 

Johne's disease is spreading slow- 
ly among the dairy herds of this 
country according to veterinary 
authorities. The disease develops 


slowly, it sometimes requiring 


years to show prominent symp- 
toms. Affected animals become 
thin and diarrhea is developed. So 
far as is known the disease is not 
curable. Scientists are working on 
the development of a sure test 
which will enable herd owners to 
discover the disease before it spreads 
throughout the herd. 

AJJreis I 




destroys "^ 

Drink Milk Everybody 

prices, a 

February Prices Paid By 
Producers' Associations 

:^.y;'o >V\\^ l- «»• *»• Market (x) 

( ity Net Price 

Pliiladclplii.. $2 198 

I'ltlsburKli I 68 

New York City I 41 
I.oiiisville ' '" 

.Sei.tlle I •♦'H 

Minneaimlis • '^ 

Milwaukee ' '2 

hoston I *!" 

(x) I .xccpt New York «|uotation» a 
to 201 210 mile zone and Boston quota- 
tions to lftl-20() mile zone. 

April Buying and Selling Prices 

Fn.m National C«.o|Mrative Milk Producers' Federation 


8. Ilxcept in the case of duplicate proxies, in the absence of cl 
lenge. properly supported, all proxies shall be deemed authentic, provic 
the name on the proxy corresponds to the name on the stock reco 
and the same is properly witnessed. 

9. In the case of deceased stockholders, proxies signed by the le 
representatives of the holder of record shall be accepted if accompan 
by a short certificate, but not otherwise. 

Charles Edwin Fox 
Francis Biddle 
Fmanuel Friedman 

Attorneys for Plaim 
Ralph B. LLvans 
Francis R. Taylor 

Attorneys for Defendai 

The foregoing stipulation is approved, and the Master is instruct 
to be guided by the provisions thereof in the conduct of the electit 



Class 1 

$2.56 I 
2.15 ! 


2 67 
I 2.38 

ADetroit I 2.02 

aLos Angeles ' 78S 

ASan Diego 2.10 

AOmaha I I ^0 

ABoston (191 mile zone) 2 222 

AKansas City 1.7!) 

ASt. Louis '8^ 

aSi. Paul-Minneapolis. . I -60 

Prices f.o.b. City 3.3% Test Butter- 

- fat Diff- price 

Class II Class III erential *B" milk 



♦New York (201 Mile 




Baltimore . 

I 70 



I 51 
I 74 


I pool 



































the most reliable type of equipment ^reat surplus power- 
overslze parts-costs less to run-and g'-;«»°"«^;^X^"j 'Z 
life "M&E" compressors are found «" /^^?"'*"*^^°' ^"^ 
me. '>"«. ^ _j; Complete range of sizes and types 

Eastern dairy farms 

from 175 lb up to largest 

All automatic. Electric or 

gasoline drive.^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^ ,,tmor.zki> ukalkrs at 

For catalog., local dealer, names, or engineering .lata write 



By the Court. 

liirkct.s under control board supervision. A— Under 

T. D. Finletter, 


• Also a class IV price, same ma.,....^ >. - 1, utter 

A. A A marketing licenses b- 1 .. he delermmed according to l>utter. 

A.HKS. wnv nu. investigate the possibilities of handling •M&b 
V„-your sections ^.^Si^fVrctoV Contact. Vree training. Your .n.u.r. is .nv. 




Page 12 




boasting about his 

"Jones is 
family tree." 

"But does it amount to any- 

thing>" „ . , 

"Oh, yes. It's all right as trees 
go. I ijelieve it's shady." 

Drop Production 

Control Plan of A.A.A. 

WITTE Engines 

IHttiUate or Natural Gan. 
2 H-P to 30 H-P 

The tini'st eneine built. KncloawJ. 
Stif-Oiling, Tinikon Roller iUarinif. 
MckIitd ad a r.':14 Aiitomoliili-. Cu«h 
or Ttrms. Direct frDiii I H-tory t<i 
you. Also Kteii an. I M. ul Mil'.^ 
Writ* for J^WrC CATALOG 


irn Oakland Avonu., IV-tto f.'aon •tro.t, 


"Mastitis & Garget" 

Make your own tests of 
samples of milk from 
your cows to determine 
the condition of the 

A complete testing kit 
with enough solution 
to test 125 cows for 



Post paid 

Enables you to find the 
faulty quarters that usu- 
ally bring up your bac- 
teria count. 

The Special Products Co., Inc. 


DAIRY production control plans 
as announced by the A. A. A. 
in its conference in Philadelphia on 
Anril 2-3 have been abandoned. 
This welcome announcement came 
out of Washington on April 23. 
just three weeks after the Philadel- 
phia conference. 

Fifteen similar conferences were 
held over the country during the 
first two weeks of April. Three 
were reported as decidedly opposed 
to the plans. They were the Phila- 
delphia. Syracuse and Atlanta meet- 
ings. Six were reported as divided. 
Madison. St. Paul, Kansas City, 
Boston. Berkeley and Salt Lake; 
and six were reported favorable, 
Indianapolis. Des Moines, Mem- 
phis. Dallas. Denver and Portland, 
the latter four being in relatively 
unimportant dairy sections. The 
A. A. A. officials stated that it is 
their fixed policy to put no produc- 
tion control plan into effect for any 
industry unless the industry ap- 
proves the plan as proposed. 

The tone of the press release on 
this subject clearly indicates that 
A. A. A. officials believe dairymen 
of the nation made a mistake by 
not approving it. But as your asso- 
ciation officials pointed out to them 
the fluid milk producer will pay the 
tax with no increase in price in 
sight until consumer buying power 

The report insisted that pur- 
chases for relief and direct pay- 

ments for diseased cow eradication 
would not be sufficiently effective. 
Relief purchases would exert abso- 
lutely no control on production, 
the officials declared, while the 
elimination of diseased cows, al- 
though humanitarian, would not 
reduce cow numbers sufficiently to 
be effective— unless additional pro- 
duction control was included. Both 
these plans will be undertaken 
modestly through direct appropria- 

The report intimated that Huid 
milk producers and producers sup- 
plying manufacturing plants "pass- 
ed the buck" as to the causes and 
sources of the surplus. (Records in 
this milk shed will hov that the 
local surplus has been kept at a 
low level.) 

Arguments were raised against 
the several substitute plans offered, 
some of them being declared un- 
constitutional, others impractical. 
The release made special mention 
of the opposition to the plan which 
centered in the National Coopera- 
tive Milk Producers' Federation. 

pastures is part of the present p|»y^J954 
gram to put back into grass mu , . P-^rrt 

land that is now in grams. TlJpinlOllS FrOni 
seeks to improve the balance *^ Oii»» MemberS 
production of crops where the ,, UUV ^^^^^Y^^^^ 

plus has mounted until it is ruin, jhe '«"- /^PKf "opfn.on" of The 
For agriculture as a whole it shoieading ^P^^l'^/^nd the officer* of your 
increase net returns. ..l-a<^')>f^^"tion may or may not agree with 
er", says Secretary Wallace. "ousJ^^^'J^^, Jpre^-d ^e urge wr.ters 
to examine for himself the PoJ^aLthe.r letters as as pos^ble 
Uill.y r,( «owln^ more land to paJns.gned letters will not be recognizee 
ure and roughage. Some will fi: jy^^ response to our announce- 
that this would cut their costs a: ^j .^ letter department has 
result in increased net returns.'^^^ ^^^^ gut the season is busy 
In seven districts studies °" 


Page 1 3 



of Milk 


Designed by Inter -State Members 


Outside dimensions 32 by 36 inches and 33 inches high, cov- 
ered with 16 and 18 gauge Armco Ingot Iron and insulati^d w.ta 5 
inches of W. P. cork board. 2 inches of cork board in cover, 
equipped with H or '/z H.P. compressor, water agitator and Detroit 
Thermostatic Expansion Valve. Constructed on sound mechanical 

Will cool 30 gallons of milk down to 50 degrees in one 
hour and ten minutes, 10 gallons in forty minu.e . 



April 28. 19 54 


Four Cans per Milking 


Food Shelf 30 by 14 inches 

under back lid 

Mr. W. W. Morton, 
Fort Loudon. Pa. 

The milk cooler you make which you in 
stalled for me last September Ist has been 
satisfactory in every way The agitated water 
is one of the best features in a milk cooling 
cabinet as it takes the heat from the milk 
more rapidly than unagitated water In fact. 
I think it is one of the best cabinets on the 
market and 1 can fully recommend it to any 
of my fellow dairy farmers wishing the best 
milk cooler for the dollar. I am (signed) 
J. W. HoFFEDiTZ. Mercersburg, Pa , R. 4. 

Morton's Milk Coolers 

Ft. Loudon, Penna. 

Where can I see your milk cooler in 
operation? Please send more details. 



Grass No Lazy Man's 

Device Says Wallace 

"I suspect we are going to revise 
some of our thinking about past- 
ures", says Secretary of Agriculture 
Wallace in a foreward to "A Past- 
ure Handbook", just issued by the 
United States Department of Ag- 

"We usually look for them on 
the poorest parts of our farms. 
They are as a rule, compared with 
those of other countries, of low 
productivity. We must make them 
more productive eventually to jus- 
tify our going back to a grassland 

"The right grasses, the ri«ht 
legumes, proper mixtures. Inocula- 
tion, fertilization, careful use all 
these, and more, are necessary to 
get and maintain good pastures. 
Shifting to grass is not a lazy man's 

"A Pasture Handbook", by A. 
T. Semple of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry; H. N. Vinall, and C. R. 
Enlow of the Bureau of Plant 
Industry; and T. li. Woodward of 
the Bureau of Dairy Industry, is 
Miscellaneous Publication 194-MP 
and can be obtained from the 
Superintendent of Documents. Gov- 
ernment Printing Office, Washing- 
ton. D. C. at 10 cents a copy. 

The new handbook is a reference 
book on establishment, mainten- 
ance and use of pastures for almost 
any section of the United States. 
It contains tables on grasses for 
pastures, giving names, climatic 
adaptation, degree of palatability. 
season of grazing, time and rate of 
seeding per acre, soil adaptation 
and other information. 

It lists different mixtures of 
grass seeds for the various soils and 
sections of the country. It com- 
pares the quantities of digestible 
nutrients produced from harvested 
crops and pastures; it analyzes 
typical immature grasses and sorne 
common dry feeds; it gives in brief 
form the information any farmer is 
likely to want on pasture plants. 
The move toward increasing 

... , nd we expect a growing response. 

market milk showed pastures h'^^ ^^ y^^^^ your opinion on mar- 
nished nearly one-third of the toi.^^jj^g policies and issues, 
feed for the cows, but the pasti' ^^^, ^^^^^^ p^ 

cost was only one-seventh of I ^p^^, 24 19J4. 

total feed cost. ^_^^^ ^^^ Producers' Review: 

Francs B. B.ddle. Esq. asserted when 
. IT, n the witness stand durmg the Pennsylva- 

in r laV(j^ j^^,^ ^^^^^ hearings in February that 

Flavor will determine the selt^ represented the Cham Stores and the 
tion of milk and other foods in tfutributor who supplies them with milk 
near future, says Professor E. i„ch a simple statement of fact concern. 
Guthrie, a member of the da^^^ry dairy farmer in the M.Ik Shed 
department at the New York Sta„ter-State. Allied Dairy l-armers. and 
College of Agriculture for the piyery independent producer 
twenty-six years. If bacterial cou Let us review t^e -tua.ion a I.ttle^ 
and milk fat requirements meet t^,. B.ddle along with Mr t . t hox are 
standards set for milk, the putfe two prominent lawyers who offered 
wTn choose its milk largely for hei. services to the Allied leaders, their 
flavor ympathy was so great for the poor. 

"Producers and dealers", tewn-trodden farmers, helpless victims 
notes, "have already removed a, the ociopus-like '"f /'"'*' *'^"''Y 
tain disagreeable flavors from rn^ices, we are told by ^r W^ K^ 
such as the copper taste whii^offett president of the AH.ed Uairy 
comes from using wrong kinds -Vmers. were given ab«>lutely free. Such 
containers. The papery flavor «,evolence is almost without precedent 
even more disagreeable and occu« these modern days, and was the cause 
more frequently." ^ I much gratitude amongst the poor farm- 

Suggestions made by the Corn-rs ... u .., «„, 

scientist to do away with disagr. These lawyers obtained the charter for 
able flavors are listed: milk CO^he young and progr.^ive organization 
only when they are well; preve;«d gave much valuable advice to he 
cowsTrom eating certain pastadl.ed leaders, especially as to the printed 
w.ris like garlic or bitter wce«,rking of their proxies which were al 
Teed cows sUage made of su«ade in favor of Messrs Fox. Biddle and 
succulent plants as alfalfa, clovu>ngacre. .a, 

a^d cabbage, after, rather tk Thus we have a situation where the 
before milking; see that cow barUlied Dairy Farmer, voting power is 
are w^ll-ventitted and free fr^gely controlled by these lawyers^ Such 
feed and crop odors; make s. dilemma i. very dangerous to the we - 
that all milk contauiers are cleme yes. even threatens the very ex.s- 
and cool mi k to fifty degrees or Uce of the Inter-State, for if at any 
frnmediately after -liking, a»ne it. members sign over^^^^^^^^^^ 
hold at that temperature until tfce.r proxies to give the Allied crowd 
milk reaches th ■ pasteurizing control of the Inter-State then the chain 
? Vtv !. .1 ion tores and their milk distributors, through 

bottling station. ^_^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^ _^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^ j,^. 

M\^a^^^ Mrkrirtrffl "te the policies of our association 
r. Jeffers Honored ^^.^ ^^ ^ d,p,o,,ble situation for us all. 

Henry W. Jeffers. president ^ _^^^^,j ^^^^ ^^„y farmers realize 
Walker-Gordon Laboratory ^°\^^,^ t^e Allied leaders have led their 
pany with farms at Plamsboro, _^^^.^^^j^^ ^^^ wonder if they have 
J., was awarded the 1933 medal ^^^j^^j^ -goy.out" all the Allied F>rox 
the New York Farmers. It '*^ ,^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ Allied leadership is 
given in recognition of his OUtstar^^ proving favorable to thedairy farmers 
ing achievements in agriculture. Frank LePalourel 

The Walker-Gordon Farms i . . 

especially noted for two tliini Certificates 

One IS the rotolaclor which m ^^ ^^^^^i„^^„y ^,, jitters from 
52 cows every \r/p minutes a -'. ■ .1 . 

Ar*r/'». Ofmai. ^ht.t, I 


_^kaui/ -.. 
pmjicT »■ { vSdieob 

/i««o ficlu'lf 

Off't.* V,i,/orj 

PMdKcr C {HsnuCanvaiJi^ 

S.-Z-fr,, /,..•»■.< Mifff l\^ ^ 

Otiiti -^ 

Jnai Jtm iiijMfi'-l Qlbua \ 

fWOJlCI D {Hi>mt<iaf>viftA 

PT f\ ■ L 

filler I \0>n<^l Pni"iA 
Dnf'ifs Mtitity I 

Pf/ojio r vHotf Q'o-fti—-. 


.^Jr^St '•-^'ll ^"Tf-^-^ l ^>li'l,1l^e^^*M 


<imi hut- ii'<,^«<u - 

PflOJ[CT G {l-^*;mlOfr^ \ ^ JH^ 


■m^ ' "^ 

Increasing the Consumption of Milk 

THE above chart outlines only a selected 
number of the school and adult projects 
conducted by the Philadelphia Dairy Coun- 
cil during the first six months of the current 
year. The purpose of these contacts is to 
bring before the public the need for a greatly 
increased consumption of milk. The unique 
opportunity presented to the dairy industry 
of meeting such groups as are here listed is 
apparent. The United States Department 
of Agriculture and Pennsylvania State 
College estimate that the average consump- 
tion of milk per person in this area is .67 
(only two-thirds) of a pint daily. Health 

needs would be best met by a consumption 
of almost twice this amount. 

The Philadelphia Dairy Council is but one 
of twenty-eight units conducting a similar 
type of work. Twelve of these units were 
organized within the past three years. By 
means of consumer education conducted by 
the National Dairy Council, fifty million 
pounds of surplus butter was disposed of 
through increased commercial sales during 
the last three months of 1933. 

There is today a potential market for 
fifty percent more dairy products than is 
now being produced if the nutritional needs 
of the American public are to be adequately 

Philadelphia Dairy Council 

52 cows every \V/i ",> "" ^'nu^'^e of our members stating that 
sends the to botthng equ ^^^^ ^^^^^ r^ccxv^A their 

ment without Its ever S^";'"«y,embership certificate in the Inter- 
contact with open ^'''- ' •»*^, °;5tate Milk Producers' Association, 
achievement also resulting larg<' ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ considerate 
rom Mr. Jeffers vision^ .s j^, ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^j ^j^. 

industrialization of farming m s"^ ^j^^ 

a way as to give farmers a great ^^^^^^ invariably, however, our 
incentive for advancement at . . . . . . 


ard of living 

' ""■'. — , " I » ., rtimosi invariauiy. ui^wlvvi, ^w. 

ncentive for advancement «' ^3 ^^ow that the membership 
mproving their incomes and stan^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^.j^^ ^^^ ^,^^ ^^ 

,rd of living at the same time. ^.^^ ^^^^ properly filled out. 

, I agned by the member and returned 
The first adjustment needed ^ ^j^j^ office. Some of these cases 
dairying, says Professor M. Have been of comparatively recent 
Bond of the New York College origin, indicating that the ccrtifi- 
A • 1. ;= tl„. r,.Miirfinn of t*^^^ evidently was misplaced and 

Agncuiiurc, i» n j^^^ forgotten. One extreme 

milk supply to meet present t^^^ ^^^ discovered by a fieldman 
sumers demands. in which the member found the 

certificate while the fieldman was 

at the farm to straighten out the 
difficulty. The envelope, post- 
marked ten years before, had not 
been opened. 

If your stock certificate has been 
misplaced or lost, or you do not 
recall having received it. just write 
us a letter giving all facts about 
your membership which you can 
recall such as date, number ot 
shares, and your address at time o 
making application and we will 
give you a complete report on it. 
Such action will avail much more 
than will the mis-statements which 
have been repeated by some who 
claim to be members who never 
received stock certificates. 

Does the proxy you signed 
last fall express your opin- 
ion of today? If not, read 
page 3, and sign the proxy 
printed there. • 

Weed Out Poor Cows 

In Reducing Surplus 

Present difficult situations in 
dairying seem to be the effect of 
surpluses of both dairy cattle and 
dairy products. This being the 
case it would seem only good 
strategy on the pai t of dairy 
farmers everywhere to unite in a 
cow reduction program. In a great 
majority of the herds in the Phila- 
delphia Milk Shed the removal of 
one or more of the lowest producers 
would increase the net returns tin.n 
the herd. 

Dairymen should che .1.. -niiv 

on the amount of milk p . iu'-to (><> 
each cow in order to determine 
which cows should be weeded out. 
Spotting and removing low-produc- 
ers will not only help to put each 
herd on a better paying basis but 

also will be constructive assistance 
to the government in its far-flung 
effort to stabilize the dairy indus- 

Jobs were found for 492 men on 
experiment farm^ owned by the 
Bureau of Dairy Industry These 
jobs are a part of the CWA pro- 
gram. Total funds amount to 
$103,990 of which $82,571 is to be 
applied on wages. Work includes 
building repairs and painting, fenc- 
ing, field terracing, drainage, water 
mam and sewer work and road 
grading and graveling. 

Johnny, when asked by his 
teacher to define "deficit", said: 
"A deficit is what you've got when 
you haven't as much as if you had 




Page 14 

Nitrogen Nearly 

Doubles Pasture 

Carrying Power 

The carrying capacity of a pas- 




May. l*4ay' *?^ 

Advertising Butter Pays 

It Will With Milk, Too 

lizer, according to Prot. 
Bender, of the dairy department ot 
the State Agricultural Experiment 
Station. Rutgers University. 

A four acre plot at the F-fPen- 
ment Station that received iW 
pounds of sulphate of ammonia, in 
addition to lime, superphosphate 
and potash, supported an average 
of I 61 cows per acre, whereas a plot 
that received the same treatment 
without the nitrogencarried only 

.84 cows per acre. 

Two applica- 

tions were made each year, one in 
late March and the other about 
June I. 

Fifth Annual Kennett 


"Arabian Nights." Ca.t of 250 


Opcn-Air TluMtro, 1900 Scats 



8 30 P. M., DST. AdmitMton. $1 


YES. it does pay to advertise 
dairv products. . 

Last October the dairy inausiry 
entered the fall and winter season 
with the largest storage stocks ol 
butter and cheese in the history of 
the country. The supply m storage 
was about 50 percent above the :>- 
year average. 

On April 1st storage stocks were 
down almost to the 5-year average 
for that date. All the regular 
movement into trade channles had 
been accomplished and practically 
all the excess products were moved 
also True, reduced production 
took care of a part of it and govern- 
ment purchases helped move some 
but a concentrated advertising 
campaign started in December 
moved a large part of it while 
holding prices well above prices o» 

a year ago. . ^^ <- i 

The National Dairy Council 
headed up the campaign. More 
than 5 million special leaflets over 
I 56 000 butter posters ana lUU.UUU 

re di9- 


has been the work carne 
through 600 granges in Ohio. 

T"!-- ;..J.jotj.»r ronperated in see- 
'that alfcream and milk shippers 
pplicd with copies of five 

Marketing Committee Set Up 

Producers Elect Three Inter-State Men 


at Harrisburg on l^ri- 
4 at which producers 
' to help the Control 






Laving passed our 
training period days 
back in the 90' s, we 
are now in the class 
with Champions. 

We challenge you for 
your next order for 
printing of 



Printer Sr Designer 

pieces of other literature we 
tributed by it. 

Radio talks, newspaper public- 
ity clipsheet service and general 
information about the campaign 
were sent out regularly to 4/UU 
newspapers. 523 dairy leaders. 269 J 
county agents and home demon- 
stration agents. and teachers 
of vocational schools. Letters 
received from county and home 
demonstration agents indicate the 
type of work accomplished. 1 hirty 
percent organized special commu- 
nity clubs in rural areas to promote 
the use of butter and dairy pro- 
ducts; sixty percent worked through 
local community leaders; twenty- 
three percent reported grange and 
farm bureau leadership; twenty- 
one percent reported using Dairy 
Council posters and exhibit ma- 
terial in store windows; and twenty- 
two percent reported working thru 

country schools. . ,. ^ ^ i 

"Every Dairyman His Own Sales- 
man" has been adopted as a slogan 
by farm organizations. Ij-arm 

Bureau meetings during May 
throughout Indiana will be devoted 
to our project. Equally importan 

popular promotion leaflets. They 
were responsible for placing posters 
m cream stations and retail stores. 
A suggested plan for community 
cooperation in supporting the cam- 
paign, and working material to put 
it over, were furnished to county 
agents, home demonstration agents 
and vocational teachers in butter 
nroducing areas throughout the 
country More than 100.000 pledge 

cards signed by farmers to increase 
dairy products consumption were 
secured by these cooperators. 

The Council supplied special 
news releases and clip sheet service 
with mats for local papers through- 
out the country. Four hundred 
mats for clip sheets were distribut- 
ed to local papers by the Council. 
In several states, weekly papers put 
out dairy editions in which they 
utilized this mat se 
with the clipsheet. and sold special 
advertisements in these issues to 
local business interests. iiome 
papers carried a dairy page oyer a 
period of several weeks. In Michi^ 
gan the state college furnished Z:)U 
newspapers with special feature 
articles and mats which were pre- 
pared by the Council office. 

The dairy and farm press also 
cooperated with the Council. Mr. 
Lloyd Rummel. editor of Ohio 
Farmer, contributed regularly, 
dairy publicity material^to their 
state press 

R^st " int two of their representatives 
thousa: ^he same committee at an early 

III Wlll«-ll Kt.^J ,---• 

service offered oj milk J or 

and other dairy products, and 
make his market more secure 
urging his neighbors to use mon 
The twenty-five regional Coi 
cils cooperated with special p 
jects. For example, a lesson O^ called 
making of butter cookies was givj^^y May 
before Christmas by home ei elected . 

nomics teachers. Butter for ^^^^d in its work m connection 
demonstrations was fuimalicu ^j^|^ admini»lc.i..g 
the local distributors and ^ard orders in the 
Council furnished a special leaCrket. The distributors will ap- 
entitled. "Cookies, the 
Sweets." Eighty-five ...^^^.^^ 

home economics students in ci^geting. almost 

high schools used this leaflet fhe meeting was given almost 
their classes. Many reported lai,^ publicity but according to law 
that they had made ^'^-^'^tfljere mention of it in the public 
cookies at home, and one vnoi\^^^^ constitutes sufficient notice, 
denied the usual Christmas givi^i^o^t items in Philadelphia eve- 
by the depression, made sixty-i^ng papers on Saturday. April ^o 
dozen for her family and friendj^d on Sunday. April 29. appeared 
Your association has asked It© be all the notice given. 

to help do this for all dm But that was sufficient, the Allied 
The request was maJe^cers are said to have circu arized 
the production control confcrer^y^^^ membership (presumably all 
here on April 2 and 3. /Ipparcn, 5,000 > of them) while on May I 
then won't authorize it even //.oifetters were sent to lnter-:5tate 
producers would pay the whole Ijirectors and fieldrnen^ 
05 wc proposed to do. But we , The result producers let it be 
doinlThcally through the Da„nown in whose hands they wi I 
Council and the, reached ^^^Arust control of this market. In^er- 
pcople last year gicingthemthe ,«5tate members ^-'^''T^^ '"^^ ^^^^ 
^ - economy and health. 4sburg by bus and t^uckloads. 
rhey were united. They stood be- 
hind their own men 

^.i N/ii i-riNJr wTs Moffett. at one time an employee 
GENERAL MEETING was ^°»f^;^^^^yi^^„i, state Chamber 



of Commerce. A fair majority 
was obtained but had the meeting 
been widely advertised the crowd 
undoubtedly would have been sev- 
eral times larger and the majoriiy 
even greater in porportion. 

Heard Real Voice 

The real voice of producers is 
being heard at last the voice that 
is firm. even, and with power be- 
hind it. It is penetrating through 
the hubbub created by idle talkers, 
by subversive propogandists. by 
calamity howlers. When that voice 
speaks, those in control know which 
way the crowd is moving they 
-re guided quickly and accurately 

Farm Field Day at Pennsylvan q H. Welty of Franklin county. 
State College will be held c^ Walter Sharpless of Chester 
Thursday. June 14th. The progra,^unty and Charles Whittaker of 
will contain both educational aLju^tingdon county were nonriinat- 
cntertainment features. Amoy i^r th^ Inter-State and elected 
the latter will be a rural cht, the crowd which numbered 
contest. ibout 1000 producers. Three other 
lominations were made by W. rs.. 

to the straight and solid road built 
on a firm foundation that leads to 
permanent and lasting results. 

The vote at Harrisburg did more 
than elect sound thinking straight- 
forward men to the milk marketing 
committee. It showed what an 
aroused membership can do when 
a crowd of organized cooperative 
wreckers threaten their association. 
That vote did more than that. 
It branded as pure braggadocio 
the statement made to the public 
press on May 2 by the Allied 

milk dealers in this market when 
the Allied asked them to do so. 
(The licenses are still in effect 
although the agreement itself is 
not ) Mr. Wallace insistc-d that 
he confer with Mr. Allebach. your 
sales manager, before cancelling 
those licenses because he, Allebach. 
represents you producers in this 
market as Inter-State sales manag- 
er. J 

1 nc I lai I •o""' 6 .«....>. —..----- - 

this Allied implication. Incident- 
ally, the Allied milk marketing 
knowledge and ability appears to 
have been measured very accurate- 
ly at Washington. 

Reports on results of the Harris- 
burg meeting were lamentably 
scarce in the public press. A little 
item appeared in a Harrisburg 
paper the next day saying the 
election had been held but the vote 
was not announced nor the names 
of those elected given. This appears 
to be a deliberate attempt to put a 
muffler on Inter-State accomplish- 
ments and whether the blame lies 
with the meeting chairman, Mr. 
Cocklin who is organizing these 
committees for the control board, 
the control board itself, or with 
political powers or with the news- 
we do not know. But that 

Page 15 

Bedford and Blair counties, from 
Chester county, from the Eastern 
Shore and all the rest who turned 
out and served notice on the world 
that the Inter-State is still supreme 
and shall remain so. 

Men you have asserted your- 
selves. Continue to do so and this 
market will again present a unified 
front in all its work. 

Members of the Everett Jersey 
Bull Association in Bedford County 
are now starting their thirteenth 
year. They find that daughters of 
the high class bulls owned by the 
association produce milk and but- 
terfat at a lower cost than most 
cows of unknown ancestry. Mem- 
bers who also belong to Dairy 
Herd Improvement Associations 
have increased the average produc- 
tion of their herds by about 100 
pounds of butterfat per cow. 


does not change the facts as we 
are giving them to you. We gave 
an informal statement to the press 
the morning after the meeting and 
it was not used in Philadelphia 

secretary that the Inter-State, in- papers that day. 

eluding Mr. Allebach. does not Special Mention 

reoresent producers in this market. „ , j .• i I ^^^ ^^ ^^ Sr^nal commendation is di 

The proxy printed on page 
3 will make it easy for you 
to vote at the Inter-State 
Annual Meeting on June 
4th. Use it according to 
directions given on that page. 

was made be 

Special commendation is due 


it siaiemeiii wao mcv^v, ^^ -, — l r _ Ul...,* 

Secretary Wallace refused to those loyal members from Hunt 
\he A. A. A. licenses binding ingdon county, from hranklin 

Farmers* cash income in March 
was $4 1 7 .000.000 composed of $408.- 
000.000 from the sale of farm pro- 
ducts and $9,000,000 from rental 
and benefit payments by the AAA. 
according to estimates by the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
Caish income in March of last year 
was $275,000,000. 

Get Lower Bacteria Count 
Get Better Milk ... ^^^„, 


Thousands of dairymen are 

making more "'""^V ^SJ^jy^Vl " 
because they use ESCO C(X>L- 
They safeguard their milk TH !> 
EASY WAY. No more ice bills. 
No" useless labor. No more 
losses from improper cooling 
MENT quickly, easily and auto- 
matically cools your m''^ »« 
below 50 degrees ... and keeps 
it cool until shipped. 

Clip this Coupon NOW 

and Get Free Booklet. 

K.ail "ill 
^.,v iibimt KSC'O 
( () () I. I N <■ 

K g r I p M !■: n r 

HacliTi.i ri-<liii''l 
irMm W.OOO to 1. 

R. I,. PlltJ!"- 

•Tin- i-xlrii pri-in- 
iiim lias almost 
,l..iil)li(l niy 111- 

T. H. Muiiri) 

My milk always 
in demand. 

W. H I'rtorxon 

•Savt-d mi- S'4.(»l) 
in one month. 

W. M. Mayis 
SoMtli Carolina 


West Chester, Pa. 

I am making cans of '"i'^JJ '<*y^ j,. 

Please send information on ESCO EUxtri. 
MmT C.H,ler,, Utensil Sterilizers and VVater 

Seaters-also F«KK ^"^SoFlTS THE 


I Name ^Address- 

I P. O __State_— 




Hoard's Dairyman 
featured special editorials and pos- 
ter covers in color using butter, 
cheese and other dairy products. 
The American Agriculturist devel- 
oped a keen interest in the cam- 
paign throughout the eatern Huid 
milk areas through editorial copy 
presented to their readers. 

Special stories for homemakers 
pages are supplied regularly by the 
Council to eleven state farm papers. 
These articles feature tested recipes 
in which dairy products are used. 
Radio continuities stressing the 
importance of dairy products, dis- 
cussions on the basic economic 
features behind the campaign ways 
to use dairy products, and the im- 
portance of dairy products in rela- 
tion to health were sent regularly to 
stations in forty-four states. Ke- 
ports tell how these stations have 
fitted in this material with their 
farm and homemaker programs. 
Of interest, are the returns rom a 
single broadcast over WLb in 
which the Butter Cookies leaflet 
was featured. Requests for 1 .450 
copies were received by this one 

station. . , 

AH branches of the dairy indus- 
try cooperated in this campaign. 
Milk producers and cooperatives 
I developed team work among their 
I many thousand farmer members 
' to make their country communities 
more "butter conscious" than ever 
before. Material was distributed 
to impress the farmer with the im- 
portance of his dairy cows as the 
most substantial and certain source 
of his income: to induce him to 
help reduce the surplus of butter 

Report of the QualiH 
Control DepartmenI 
Philadelphia Inter] 
State Dairy Council 

The following? 18 a report of the woH 
done by the Quality Contro Deparl 
ment of the Dairy Council lor thf 
month of Mirch. I9J4: 

No Inspections Made '^ 

Special Farm Visits 

No. Sediment Tests 

Days Can & Truck Inspection 

No. Meetings 


Days Special Work 

No. Miles Traveled ^ 

During the month 43 dairies y" 

discontinued from selling for •»•'""' 

comply with the regulations W dnwr 

were re-instated before the month w.j 

"^to date 283.265 farm inspectiot 
have been made 



'•■rr;:;-t"M "rr. .™v„. ...„~ - .» •.'■ -^< -•'-'- — "■■" "-■ — "- 

Report of the Field an( 
Test Dept. Inter-Stat 
Milk Producers' Ass' 

The following statistics show th 
operations of all the Inter-St.ti 
Milk Producers' Association tieldi 
in connection with testmg, wei?h« 
and general membership work for ti 
month of March, 1934: 


for ten years. 


We write a Standard Automobile Policy for 
Public Liability. Property Damage. Fire and 
Theft, covering in the United States and Canada, 
at a saving of from 2596 to 30% Truck li.-ur- 
ance at a 25% saving . 

We write but two classifications. W and 
"X." This means a large saving on high priced 

This Company's premium writ- 
ings for January and February 1934 
have increased 37', ( 
period of 1933. 

over the same 


Our Workmen's Compensation Policy pro- 
vides protection for the employer as well as the 
employee and has returned a sulwtantial divi- 
dend every year since its organization. 

Penna. Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Casualty Insurance Co. 


325-333 S. 18th STREET 

Clip this and mail today- it obligates you in no way. 



'-*» 'Tf'!!r.!r : : : : : 4:11 casualty insurance company 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

derstood that this inquiry is not to obligate me in any way whatsoever 



Calls on Members 

Quality Improvement Calls 

I lerd Samples Tested „ 
Membership Solicitation Calls 

New Members Signed 

Cows Signed ^ 

Meetings Attended J 

Attending Meetin<?s ■ 

Transfers of Membership 

Microscopic Tests 

Gentlemen: 1 am interested in— 
ComF>ensation Insurance 
Automobile or Truck Insurance - 


It is 



Mr. Gadget: "What is the mo | 
pathetic picture in the world? 

Ditto: "A horse fly sitting on 
radiator cap." 


Street and Number 

D. . Payroll 

Business ' 


Make of Car Model. 







fWilk Producei 

■sssssttj: — s:S:r55ili553SS — ^ — ■ — ■ — — 

f;;;;;,;;;;;rYear sets Records 

No. 2 


Sessions Mark Year of Work and Progress 

TO 50° IN 



This milk cooler is new and different. It has features 
never before heard of in a milk cooler. One of them is 
an automatic water-levcler. The height of the water 
remains the same whether you put in one can or all 
the cooler will hold. The mechanically refrigerated 
water is always up on the neck of each can -always 
above the milk line-and vigorously circulated around 

every can. 



From one end of the cooler to the other- from bottom 

to ,op-the water flows in a uniformly cold stream. 

It extracts heat from every portion of the milk. 


This flowing cold lowers the milk temperature from 
body heat to below 50^ in about an hour. Then the 
circulator stops of its own accord, and the milk is held 
at the same temperature as long as it remains in the 


Milk producers and dairymen everywhere have found 
that Frigidaire milk cooling saves money. C. Albert 
Fox (Penna.) says that Frigidaire saves him S70 a 
month. E. G. Martin (Georgia) says he saves up to 
$53 a month with Frigidaire. John J. Corkery (Mass.) 
says Frigidaire saves him $1,400 a year. 

And Frigidaire holds down bacteria count by exiling 


milk faster and keeping it colder. This enabled N 
cellus Hartman (Illinois) to qualify for $l.l44 o 
a year in bonuses. Many similar examples could 



For complete inf.umation about the Frigidaire Fk 

ing Cold Milk Cooler, mail the coupon. Learn how 

built, how it operates, what it does. Find out how t 

it costs fully installed. 

We'll send you information ab«>ut the whole li» 

Frigidaire Milk Cooling Equipment and give yout 

facts about making more money on milk. Fill outi 

mail the coupon right away. 




1920-22 Chestnut St. 

Send me literature about new Frigidaire 
Flowing Cold Milk Cooling Equipment. 



MP— 51 

THE UAROEST CROWD .H the h.story of he 
Association was the record set at the 
delayed Seventeenth Annual 
of the Inter-State Milk Producers' Assoc.a- 
In A close estimate put the number 
p e"ent at about 2.200 persons. Thts record 
Ls made in spite of the meetmg bemg hcd 
on June 4th and 5th. durmg an exceedmgly 
busy season on the farm. 

The reason for the turn out can be explamed 
briefly. It was the attempt by a certain 
g lup -or certain groups to obta.n control 
Of the Association. Such a situation always 

arouses interest. r a „« 

As this is being written th^j^esults^ofjhose 
Efforts as expresse'd by ballots are not known. 
The counting of votes has not been done 
In fact, the proxies are not all checked for 
correctness and the count can not be made 
until that is done. 

It is certain, however, that those at the 
meeting in person do not want an overthrow 
of the present management. They expressed 
themselves positively in that regard when 
certain resolutions backing the insurgent 
group's policies were defeated decisively. 
Excellent Order Maintained 
The meeting was orderly. The election of 
directors was the subject of greatest interest 
and this was conducted by Thomas F. e.ain 
a Master appointed by Common Pleas Court 
No 4 of the County of Philadelphia. His 
acts were fair to everyone. His authority 
was doubtless the most important single 
reason for the orderly conduct of the crowd. 
The supervision by a Master was occasion- 
ed by an injunction brought about m the 
names of Robert E. Atkinson and Charles 
F Wilkinson, two stockholders, the former 
also being a candidate for a position as 
director. At least six points were raised in 
their request for an injunction and all except 
one were practically ignored in later deve op- 
ments. This one point concerned the filling 
of vacancies on the Board of Directors a 
Delaware law passed since the present by- 
laws on that point were established requiring 
that vacancies be filled only until the next 
stockholders' meeting. There were two such 
vacancies at the time the meeting was 
originally called, two more occurring since 
by a death and a resignation. These develop- 
ments made this an important point as the 
men placed in these vacancies might hold 
the balance of power on the board. In other 
words, time and later actions have shown 
that the points raised in the appUcation for 
the injunction were merely technical at the 
time the injunction was granted, one of them 
having since become important. 

The^meeting ,was opened by Frederick 

Shangle. Vice President, who -t-duced J' 
Hampton Moore. Mayor of Philade phia. 
?he Mayor gave a brief address o welcome 
in which he asked that every effort be made 
to render a fair opinion of the work and 
i„.portance of everyone in the dairy bu.ness 
^ ihe producers, consumers, transporta ion 
agencies and distributors. He said tha 
rather than honoring the by his 
presence he and the city were honored by 
the presence of the delegates and other mem- 
bers. The Mayor called upon everyone pres- 
ent to remember the hardships endured by 
the founders of our Nation, many of whom 
were farmers and who left Philadelphia rich 

in the history of their struggle. 

After the reading of the call of the meeting 

The Election 

We have delayed the REVIEW for 
several days hoping to have definite 
information as to the outcome of 
the election of directors. Late ad- 
vices from the Master who con- 
ducted the election give no prornise 
of any early information. He plans 
to make no announcement whatever 
until he can give final definite word 
as to the outcome. As this may 
require writing to several hundred 
members who signed two or more 
proxies, the results may not be 
known for another week or ten days. 

Full information will be given to 
all newspapers as soon as it is 
available. A complete account will 
be carried in the July REVIEW, to- 
gether with a record of the reor- 
ganization meeting of the new 

by Secretary I. Ralph Zollers. the reading of 
the minutes of the 1932 meeting were d.s- 
pensed with upon motion duly passed. 1 he 
Leting was then turned over to Thomas F. 
Gain to conduct the election of thirteen 
directors, nine for terms expiring in Novem- 
ber 1936. one for a term that expires in 
November. 1935. and three for terms that 
expire in November. 1934. 

Twenty-eight Nominations 

The first man recognized after nonriinations 
wele opened was F. P. "Daddy" Wilhts. now 

: director and the first president of your 
Association. He placed in ion the 
following men: John H. Bennetch. Lebanon 
County. Pa.: Fred. W. Bleiler, Lehigh C ounty. 

Pa • E M. Crowl, Chester County, Pa.: 
Chester Gross, York County. Pa.: OhverC. 
Landis. Bucks County Pa.: A. R. Marvel. 
TaLt County. Md.: Ivo V- Otto, 

land County, Pa.: F-^-^^ ^^^ ' v Blai 
County. N. J.: and R. L Tussey, B^a r 
County Pa., for three year terms. Also 
Plulip Price. Chester County. Pa., for a two 
y r term and C. H. Joyce^ Burlington 
County. N. J.: John S.Reisler. Cecil County. 

Md.: and M. L. Stitt. Juniata County, Pa.. 

for one year terms. , 

The opposition was then recognized and 
David Crawford of Chester County nominat- 
ed C C. Gingrich, Lebanon County, ^a.. 
Bruno Bobiak as of Lehigh County, Pa.; 
Harry A. Rhodes, Chester County^ Pa 
Stewart Senft, Sr., York County, ?-• ^^^ert 
r Atkinson Bucks County, Pa.: Robert F. 
Lpson, itlbot County, Md W. A^Woods 

, . 1 /- f„ Pa • Henry Schmidt. 
Cumberland County Pa He y ^^^^^ 

Mercer County. iN. J., ana 

1 Bedford County. Pa., for three year 

T \ Also H B. Shenk, Chester County, 
terms. Also n. d. . 

Pa • for a two year term and Llhs Wills, 
„ , MI- Hoaeand Gates, 


for tC names ot Lewis C. Ben.zley and 
Artemu, Stover, both of Bucks County. Pa.. 
Ce presented as candidate, (or three year 
ZL They were accepted whenO;eyappl;ed 
=S:S:^dd^iiF^'' to^uahfy^then. 

E;n-re,ec-d^::^^t:^t-,s qual.ficat,on was 
no met. An attempt was made durmg th,. 
Icu'sion to amend the by-laws so any 
stockholder could hold any office m the 
Association. The Master ruled th.s out o 
orde as it was contrary to those sect.ons of 
°Z by-laws specifying how amendment, can 

^Te^Master then explained how the ballou 
„ere to be marked, ^ow 'he would be 
conducted and other details of h,s pUn^ 
While the ballots were bemg prepared talks 
were made by members secondmg the nom.- 
Nations of each complete ticket and also the 
independent candidates. 

Campaign Speeches 
Kenzie Bagshaw spoke for the organization 
ticket, bringing out a statement made o 

him by a member of the P-'-y'-"'^^ fJ' 
Control Board to the effect that the Phila- 
delphia market is in such excellent shape 
they did not see a chance for any appreciable 

;„ inrome of producers supplying 
increase in income ui p 

this market altho the state as a whole would 
be benefitted by about $6,000,000 in a year. 

(Continued on page U) 



Page 2 



Sound Resolutions Passed 

A FULL measure of resolutions 
were brought forward for the 
Resolutions Committee to pass 
upon. The committee accepted all 
resolutions offered, bringing each 
one up before the meeting for the 
consideration of the vote of the 
membership assembled. 

Most resolutions wer'.- passed 
without discussion as everyone 
present recognized them as sound 
and helpful to milk producers. A 
few were passed after discussion 
and two were definitely turned 

down. , 

|§It is impossible to print each 
resolution in full at this time. We 
shall summarize them briefly, how- 
ever, also giving the action of the 
meeting on each one so that our 
readers may know what happened. 
This will give a reasonably accur- 
ate picture of the meeting and the 
direction or trend of their thoughts 
and action. 

Copies in full of all resolutions 
and final action upon them will be 
mailed to any member upon re- 

One resolution called upon state 
milk control boards in Inter-State 
territory and upon Federal agen- 
cies to support and help strengthen 
existing cooperatives that they will 
be even better able to carry out 
their functions after the emergency 
is passed and emergency legislation 
withdrawn. Inter-State support 
was pledged to the same bodies on 
all sound policies they might under- 

Another resolution called upon 
all officers and directors of Inter- 
State to use all their power, influ- 
ence and ability to demand the 
removal of the "3 to 3 day" and the 
"30 day" penalty for returned milk 
and that the results of these efforts 
be reported at the next annual 


A third resolution called upon 
the milk control board of Pennsyl- 
vania to reduce its number of milk 
classifications and price schedules 
from seven to two, or three at most, 
so as to avoid confusion and mis- 
understandings among producers. 

Dairy Council educational work 
was endorsed and approved in 
another resolution in which the 
control boards in this milk shed 
were asked to authorize all milk 
buyers to deduct one cent a hund- 
red pounds of milk for financing 
this work, the dealers to pay a 
corresponding amount. 

A fifth resolution was passed in 
which the Inter-State was request- 
ed to draft a proposal calling for 
high tariff walls on all foreign 
oils imported into the United 
States for the manufacture of oleo- 

On- resolution requested that 
the Inter-State Milk Producers' 
Association call upon the state 
health officers and the state secre- 
taries of agriculture in Pennsylva- 
nia, New Jersey, Maryland and 
Delaware to develop one uniform 
standard of health requirements 
for the production and handling of 
fluid milk so that uniform inspec- 
tion of all dairies throughout the 
milk shed shall prevail. This was 
approved with a minor amend- 

A resolution which elicited con 
siderable discussion asked that no 
dues be collected on milk which 
sells for less than $0.75 a hundred 
pounds for 3.5% milk. 

A request that amendmenis io 
the association's by-laws be in- 
clued in the call of the next annual 
meeting summarizes another reso- 

One resolution, presented from 
the floor, and duly passed, called 
upon the association to oppose a 
processing tax on dairy products. 

Two resolutions were tabled by 
vote of the meeting. One called for 
a separate vote by the meeting on 
points 2, 3, 4 and 5 of the reor- 
ganization plan submitted to the 
bers through the mail by 


Hoagland Gates, the vote to be 
accepted as informative only. The 
Other tabled resolution called for 
the disbarment of all directors from 
any full-time position with the or- 
ganization. After a vociferous "no" 
on the motion to table the former 
resolution a division of the house 
was called for. This resulted in a 
.. -£ _u„.,i. ,'rrUt fn nnp in favor 

of tabling the resolution. 

Do you want complete copies of 
these resolutions? They would 
furnish valuable material for dis- 
cussion at the meeting of your 
local or at your Grange or other 
rural club meetings. We will gladly 
send upon request a complete copy 
of all resolutions with the action 
taken upon each one by the reso- 
lutions committee and the mem- 
bers. Write to the Milk Producers' 
Review. 219 North Broad Street, 

ine, 1934_ 

him out Chiseling is an evil in tbt 
business and every other business bi 
it unnecessarily reduces prices noi 
of the particular commodity but 
wages. 1 

One of the principal objects o( ' 
marketing agreements or licenses unA 
AAA program is the elimination of 
cutting. National [Recovery Admn 
tion officials have announced that c 
the main objects of the NRA progi 
the eliminating of chiseling in bui 
In this sense chiselin,! means not 
cutting prices but also giving re 


Page 3 



A ^rlrP^s at Seventeenth Annual Meeting 

Address at sev ^^^ Frederick Shangle, Vice 



ANY decided changes have 

occurred since we last met 

These changes have 

rketing of our nriilk 


I I _ labeling of goods, misleading »necte ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ association, 

fsing. the g.vmg of pnzes or pr«jljd t ^J^^^^^ .^^^^^, to be the 
and even evadmg the NRA regul«ty>^"y ^ ^^^ social unrest in evi- 
In short the chiseler is a cht^"'* ^throughout our country. 
The methods he follows are never a b(I«"^'-' ^^j Boards have been 

to anybody In the milk business it^^'lk .°"^|^^ States of New York, 
territory he has cost producers 11*^ up ^^^ Pennsylvania to 

millions of dollars in upset market^^w Jersey ^^^ ^^^ difficulties, 
lower milk prices If he can be elinw»elP smOO Federal milk 

.1 I I .■ •.. iiJve have also nau a • , 

or brought under regulations it w41»» ^ / . »„ro<«ment under 

• I I- /^U.^r»CTf>Q in 

milk control ""«'""•, ^"--"^-u 
name were most in evidence in each 
case, the New Jersey Board using 
the terms "norm", cream and 
••excess", while the Pennsylvan a 
board has increased the classes to 
seven sub-divisions and describes 
•'classification according to 

It as a 
use. " 

We a 
that through 

are pleased to report also 

the efforts of your 



big step forward toward the »» »bilir]I»a'r'teyas^j"^'jYyg,.^j.nt Act. The 

of prices Dairymen's League 

Larger Dairy Income in 1 933 

Philadelphia Milk Shed Gets Most of State's Gain 



AN extra $1,659,000 cash in- 
come from milk found its way 
nto the pockets of Pennsylvania 
milk producers in 1933 as compared 
to 1932, according to a news re- 
lease from the Pennsylvania De- 
partment of Agriculture. This 
statement says: "Cash income 
realized from milk by Pennsylva- 
nia farmers in 1933 was over a 
million and a half dollars greater 
than in 1932, according to esti- 
United States De 

were skimmed or separated for sale 
of butterfat, 725 million pounds 
were retailed as milk or cream by 
producers, and 2,635 million pounds 
were wholesaled. Pennsylvania 
leads all States in the amount of 
milk and cream retailed by farm 

"Slightly more milk was pro- 
duced in 1933, more dairy products 
were utilized on farms where pro- 
duced, more milk was separated on 
farms for sale of butterfat, and less 

jiave also 
keting agreement 
\i Aericultura 

icense in connection w. 
l^reement is still in effect in the 

Tells Farmers How to ^'^^l^f Jjl'^^State Milk Producers- 
Reduce Fencing Co^ssociation has mdeavored in e^very 

Seven ways by which ^--n^je^PO-^bk^^o ^^^^^^^^^^ J^ 

reduce the initial cost and upi:^,^,rol boards, which are operating 
of fences, as explained by Proij^^ ji^ig area,asw;-ll as having been 
R. Gross, agricultural engine«4nstrumental in bringing about e 

keting agreement under 

S:^rpnc^<J$160 per. Hundred 
pounds lo.\. Philadelphia which 
we put into the Federa m^^^et ng 
agreement, was also included in the 
Pennsylvania Control Board order 
which became effective April 2nd 
and in its latest order effective on 

June 1st. , 

Your representatives also secur- 
ed a change in the original contro 
board order which authorizes that 

Milk Producers' Association will 
make no objections. 

A the March meeting ot our 
Board of Directors a special com- 
mittee was appointed ^^^ .t';^' J^" 
pose of bringing al.out «a 'sfactory 
Arrangements under which the 
postponed Annual Meetmg cou 
be held. This committee h 
worked faithfully m order to bring 
about the Basis of 

/hich has been put 
A great deal 



into effect 
of credit is 
due these menfor their efforts and 
I wish now to express our appre- 

A Better Understanding 
Although severely handicapped 
by the unrest throughout our tcrri- 
Un nast several 


tory during the pastVveral months 



paVtment ot AgncX^rer The" 1933 milk was retailed than in 1932. 
partment ^^^ s^^ ^^^ ,„^„«,pH to •'Pennsylvania ranks third among 

all the States in cash income from 

total was $72,407,000 compared to 
$70,648,000 the year previous." 

As you already know, producers 
in the Philadelphia Milk Shed re- 
ceived an extra $400,000 a month 
under the Federal milk marketmg 
agreement which your association 
officials obtained for you. This 
agreement was effective from Au- 
gust 25 through the remainder of 
the year and netted producers in 
the milk shed about $1,700,000 
more during that time than they 
would have received under the 
prices that prevailed early in 1933. 
Add to this amount about $1 75.000 

ctra per month during June, July, 

ext._ r 

and the first 24 days of August 
which was paid producers because 
of price 

made effective 
)rts of yo 


June I through the efforts of your 
association officials. 1 his totals 
about $475,000 during that period, 
making a total increase of $2,175,- 
000 for the milk shed. 

As about two-thirds of the Phila- 
delphia Milk Shed is in the state of 
Pennsylvania we find that your 
association obtained for you and 
other producers in this milk shed 
who live in that state about $1,- 
450,000 of the $1,659,000 gain that 
was obtained in the entire state. 

That impresses us as proof that 
the officials of your association have 
been both faithful to your inter- 
ests and capable in serving you. 
The same article continues: 
•'Milk produced on farms in the 
Commonwealth last year amounted 
to 4,422 million pounds of which 
407 million pounds were used as 
milk or cream on farms where 
produced, 367 million pounds were 
utilized for making butter on 
farms, 106 million pounds were 
fed to calves, 182 million pounds 

dairy products being exceeded only 
by Wisconsin and New York. 

"The Pennsylvania farm price of 
milk was estimated at $1.92 in 1933 
compared to $1.88 in 1932. These 
prices are about 50 percent higher 
than the corresponding averages 
for the entire country." 

What Is a Chiseler? 

One of the words that we hear used 
frequently these days in the milk business, 
in other business and also in connection 
with the government's various programs, 
is the word "chiseler." 

The expression is not a new one. It 
has been in use a long time and in general 
means to cheat or follow business 
methods which come very chse to be.i«K 
dishonest yet may l)e within t'le law. 

In the milk business a chiseler is one 
who persists in selling at a cut price, that 
is a price below cost and with no regard 
for service or quality or the best interests 
of the industry. With him price only 
counts. It may be a storekeeper or a 
dealer Some even chisel at both ends. 
I or example, a dealer may pay less than 
classihcation prices for his milk or he 
may chisel on weights and tests and then 
turn around and chisel his competitors 
in the market. 

Usually the chiseler has a fairly definite 
object in view. 1 le seeks to gain new busi- 
ness by cutting prevailing prices with the 
idea that although he may lose money 
temporarily on sales it is cheaper than to 
actually buy a business, i le may increase 
his price later or he may sell out to some 
competitor. Whether it's in the milk 
business or in .some other business, because 
he is found in practically every line of 
industry, he is a parasite in the trade 
1 le usually keeps going until someone buys 

the New Jersey College of A«--^^^^^^^^^^^ This 

ture, Rutgers University. ^olloA^'^^^^^ it is estimated increased 

(1) Plan the farm so the l^^^ purcashing power of the m. k 
of permanent fence producers in the P'^il^^^'P'^'^luV;; a 

Ihed by approximately ^'^^^^'f;!" '.'^^ 

(2) Build fences for permanepcr month since .tbecarnee^^^^ 
11 1 • on August Z5, \ fyj- !'•»-='- , 

and low maintenance by usingOJJ^' ^^^^^ agencies have all helped 

most permanent type of const^^ ^^-^^^ better returns to milk 
tion and the best grade of posts producers. , 

ire consistent with the need. Had the Federal As-'^--^^;"^, ^ 

(3) Place posts at interv.J-n^the unite^^su..^^ 

d or less; never more^^.^^j ^^-^^^^^ ^^j^ ^q improve it 


one rod or ^__^ 

permanent fence. Wide spacift^J^'j^^^a^j^e i^ work we believe our 
posts increases maintenance ccjondition as milk producers wou 

(4) Use anchor posts for «be far superior to what it is today, 
and corners, setting them b yj^ Need Cooperation 

frost action and use cross brat ^^ believe the closest coopcra 

(5) The load of twining ves jj^'^' ghould exist t>c t ween the hed- 
tion should be removed from eral Government. State Milk on- 
fence each year. .rol Board,, and ''« -^;'";^J,<' 

(6) S.eel .a,enals "l-ulH-f-- -/J^^uTproducLn 
protected by a heavy coatins^^j ^^j^.^^ ^^ producers and con- 
zinc (galvanizing). sumers as advocated by each body 

(7) The butts of wood p should be very closely in line wrth 

ther. if not on the 

each producers' basic quaritity be 

the higher of that computed on the 

wo-year average or that already 

irtablished under the- Philadelphia 

Selling Plan. This change was in- 
;,sted upon because the two-year 
average plan favors the producer 
tho piles up a high P-l;";^-" 
without any consideration of mar- 
ket needs, and it penalizes those 
producers who held down produc- 
Uon below their established basics 
when milk was not needed. 

l-.qualizing production to meet 
consumers demand has be«^n one of 
the outstanding accomplishments 
of the Inter-State Milk Producers 
Association. We have learned 
through eighteen years experience 
that it is impossible to give a pro- 
ducer a high return for his product 
and at the same time 
opportunity to produce 
of production is essentia 
izing a market. 

we feel that there exis s 
much better understanding of the 
problems confronting the ofi.cers 
and directors of your association. 

We sincerely hope that the re- 
sults of this election under the 
jurisdiction of the Court, and super- 
vised by a Master appointed by 
the Court, will be satisfactory to 
the great majority o produc- 
ers in the Philadelphia Shed 
and that those who are in 
ill ■ 

have made the Milk Producers' 
R^vi^w a more effective means ot 
keeping you informed on the de- 
velopments and actual facts con- 
cerning your association and your 

Put Group Interest First 
Let us all be constructive iri our 
activities. Anyone can tear down 
but it takes a skilled workman to 
build We must have group inter- 
est instead of self-interest. Let us 
devote our time and energy m 
strengthening the Inter-State which 
has weathered the economic storm 
as well as any. better than rriost 
agricultural, commercial or indus- 
trial organizations. Ask yourself 
this question before criticizing too 
severely. Have 1 done all I could 
to make the Inter-State a bigger, 
better, stronger and more progres- 
sive association^ If not your asso- 
ciation will welcome your help in 
the future. Carry this message to 
members back home who 
not be here today. Ine 
inter-State will be just as strong 
as the members make it. 


the min- 
ority will, after the election sup- 
port every sincere effort of the 
Sfrc^t^rs ^ho are -l-ted to carry 
on the work and formulate future 
policies of your association. Con- 
tinued controversies pertaining o 
the dairy industry can result on v 
i: »„, Kv.Tv member ot tl 

disaster. Every meml 


an unlimited 


I in stabil- 

Object to State Barriers 

Your association believes that 
the best interest of all milk pro- 

point 6 

should be treated with creosote one ano"'- 

hes above the g^oi **«^f;,,^ has been considerable op- 
position to the Philadelphia Selling 

pi^^ i^ gon^e sections of the t^hila- 

Little Gertie had a toy tddelphia Milk Shed and by some 

, , „„, individuals throughout the enure 

bear whose glass eyes were o t ^^^^.^^^^ ^^^^^^j ^y the marketing 

alignment. A fond aunt asked agreement. Many of our producers 
what she called the bear andi have been led to believe that there 
said: "It's name is Gladly." was no surplus milk in our terri- 

"That-s an odd name", said tory.^.^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^^.^^^ 

aunt, how did you happen ^^ ^u^i^ate the low prices paid for 
select that name?" classes of milk other than that used 

we sing it in Sunc j^^ fl^ij consumption. It has also 

Gladly A Cross I'd Be»: been advocated by <^<^''t^'" '"^V' 

ests, unwisely, we believe, that tht 

price to all producers at the farm 

be the same regardless of distance 
to market. 

Follow Inter-State Plan 
In spite of such objections the 
important principles of this plan 
have been followed closely, with 
certain changes in details by both 
the New Jersey and Pennsylvania 


duccrs will be jeopardized by set- 
ting up milk barriers at state lines. 
Such a policy will undoubtedly 
create antagonism sooner or later^ 
We are American Citizens. We 
must cross state lines to find mar- 
kets for many of our products^ 
Trade barriers against others would 
soon react against us. We insist 
that milk must be marketed on a 
milk shed, or trading area, bas^ 
and that prices should be uniform 
throughout the territory with fa r 
transportation and handling differ- 

entials. , , • i 

We are thoroughly convinced 

that milk distributed through al 

should be sold at a price at 

1 to the price charged on 

Inter-State Milk Producers 
nation has been repeatedly asked 
to express his w^hes at this elec- 
tion and surely those who have not 

expressed their opinion by voting 
in^erson or by P^oxy have no 
right to criticize or condemri the 
rSults. Those who have voted and 

find the majority thinking differ- 
ently should certainly show the 
spirit of good sportsmanship and 
loyalty to the organization by 
backing up the elected directors 
and officers and helping t" carry 
on the work to a successful con- 

''Tlave not attempted to cover 
the regular marketing and service 
activities carried on by your asso- 
_:„»:^^ These are included in the 

d in the 

Read It Carefully 

This issue of the Milk Pro- 
ducers' Review contains the 
highlights of the seventeenth 
annual meeting of the Inter- 
State Milk Producers Asso- 
ciation. We urge you to read 
it carefully and save it for 

ports of other office-rs and in 
,.mted report entitled Our Seven^ 
teenth Year " which '« available to 
in attendance. 1 hat report 


those ... . . t 

covers the activities of your asso^ 

ciation for the past ^•;"9";^^P*^'''°^, 
endingonOctober31. 1933. Cop. s 

secured at the close of this 

activities and ser- 

bers are being 


least equa 

The farmer who owns a tr 
is not affected by the N.R.A. tr 
code unless'he does custom hau^ 
or hauling for hire. 

When writing to advertisers 
them you saw their ad in 

the regular retail de hvery wagons. 
Milk which is purchased for sale 
through stores should be purchased 
at the same price, on the same plan, 
and under the same sanitary regu- 
lations as all other milk and those 
purchases should be made each of 
he 365 days of the year. If. when 
this is done, a differential is found 
to be warranted the Inter-State 


may be 

meeting. I he 
vices to our memt 

d on as in the past. 

at this time to thank 

fellow officers, the 

littec. Board of Dir- 


office force for their splendid 


I want 
publicly my 
executive comnii 
ectors. field representatives 

Pastures Often Robbed 

Pastures often are robbed to keep 
up the fertility of the plowed fields 
according to ''A Pfture Hand- 
book", just published by the Uni- 
ted States Department of Agricul- 
ture, which reminds again that 
with pastures "on soils of fair 
natural fertility, much can be ex- 
pected from fertilizing. 

Compared with those of other 
countries. pastures of the United 
States are. as a rule, low in produc- 
tivity. This is due in part to the 
fact that they usually are located 
on the poorest parts of the farm. 

But the handbook points out 
that while grazing by some stock 
leaves a great deal of manure on 
the soil, in the case of dairy farms 
the cattle spend much of the tirne 
in yards and stables. Then the 
manure is likely to be returned to 
the cultivated fields. 

First-class pasturage usually can 
be counted upon to produce meat 
and milk more cheaply and at a 
greater net income than any other 
feed or feeds. 



cooperation during the Pa-' V^^ 
months while 1 have been acting 
president of your association by 
order of the Board of Directors. 
Special mention is due those who 

The interest rate on new loans 
from production credit associations 
has been reduced from Wl percent 
to 5 percent. 




Page 5 


Page 4 

ine to preconceived ideas as to 
INTER-STATE what constitutes milk news. None 

MILKPRODUCERS REVIEW of you used a single n^w tac. J^ou 

Official Organ of the WFOte little, VCry iiii."*-. 

.->-..s..t« Milk Proaucer. A..oc..t.on. Inc. J n^er-State's effofts to conduct a 

fair-and-square meeting, to build 
our association into the kind ot an 

August A. Miller. F^itor and 

Bu.meM Manager (On Leave) 

H E Jamison. Acting Editor 

Elizabeth Mc. G. Graham. Editoj- ^ 

Home and v,omniui..ij „»,_..— - 

Fred erick Sh.ngle. Advertising M.n^g er_ 

Published Monthly by the Int.r-S.ate M.Ik 
Producers Association. Inc. 

organization that gets its members 

lliiii^ *•••'— ,— — - 


Business Offices 
Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St Phil. 
71S E Gay St.. West Chester. Pa. 

ail corVespondence to PhiladeM»^^ffifl) 


Editorial "^Advertising Office 
Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phil 


B;irpr„n;;; Locu.t »9i locus. 5392 

Keystone Phone. R ace >><*» 

Printed by Horace F. Temple. Inc. 
West Chester. Pa. 

50 cents a year in advance 
Advertising rat es on application 

^Entered as^^d-class matter. June 3 1920. 
at Ae ^t office at West Chester. Pennsylvania. 

ix'tETAcr;. Mirch i: 1879. 

An 'organization lives or dies in 
the hearts of its members. -T. B. 

Did you sign two prox- 
ies? If so, you may expect 
a letter asking which one 
you wish to be voted. 

Answer that letter 
promptly because if no re- 
ply is received within one 
week after it is mailed, 
your vote won't be counted 

If there is any doubt 
about how your proxy 
holder voted get in touch 
with him so you can mark 
the return letter properly. 

No matter how busy you 
are, take care of this letter 
at once. It is important. 

the top dollar ror men 

efforts to give all members a square 

deal. , 

You missed entirely Dr. Symons 

splendid banquet address and his 

impressions of what the Inter-State 

has done for the thousands of its 

members in his state and .n the rest 

of the Philadelphia Milk Shed. 

You made no mention of Professor 

Dennis" common sense talk about 

what is needed to make stronger 

and more effective cooperatives ot 

farmers. You failed to report the 

applause given H. D. Allebach 

when he was asked to rise before 

the banquet crowd, applause which 

exceeded by far that given any 

other individual at any session 

Neither did you mention the briet 

talk by E. B. Sharpless in which 

he stressed his views as a nnilk 

producer in working together, tac- 

ing true and complete facts, and 

his direct appeal to the press to 

report milk facts accurately and 

to report milk meetings so that the 

report will be recognized by those 

who attend the meeting. 

Caught Minor Points 
Slight mention was made of 
Wm. B. Duryee's talk and then 
emphasis was put on minor points, 
points that apparently fit into pre- 
conceived ideas of what constitutes 
milk news. You did not catch the 
iportant points in his address. 
On the other hand. Lewis Bentz- 
Icy's strike threat, a periodic ap- 
peal to get into headlines, got into 
headlines. Lawyer Fox. appar- 
ently to becloud the issue, em- 
ployed what lawyers like t( 
"red herrings" which he used freely 

been instructed because of the pure 
fabrications appearing in some 
news columns previous to the 
meeting. We think the rest of you 
were possessed of the idea that the 
"reading public" does not care for 
a clear statement of constructive 
fact, that something spectacular or 
Jocfri.rtive is demanded in order 
To' attract readers to your news- 

Public Wants " New" News 
Has it not occurred to you that 
the general public would appre- 
ciate, even get a kick out ot a 
news story such as was available 
to you June 4th and 5th in which 
the Inter-State was shown to be a 
farmers' organization, working tor 
farmers and getting for them a 
price that will compare favorably 
with the price in any other large 
market in the country. The whole 
tenor of the meeting proved that 
the farmers are back of the Inter- 
State. , 

Yes. gentlemen of the press, the 
public "has been hearing of us 
through your columns as being 

as working 

S'7?;:ntrorBoard Order No. 8, Amended 

e Grat l^OriVrUtA-^^^*^*^-* dealer has no country receiving stat.o, 

Herd V^ ^-^ * » (e) In tlie event that .s no ^j^^^ ^hen the pnce . 

Amen. .. .. _:ll. ^,:.. «rhedule from Its usual place shipped d.rcd to the distributor s plant ^__ , , _. . , ^„^,^1 as^emblj 

nearer home including picnics; 

outings planned by the Gra 

Farm Bureau. Dairy Herd 

nrovement Associations. Amen ^ , »»;„„ tkp milk price schedule from its usual 

LToTor similar organizatic \ GAIN we are the m^k P^^^^^ ^^^ 

Put the dates of some of ttX\ on page 5 of the R^v^ew. ^^^ .^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ,^^^^^^^ ,„ p,,„. 

affairs on your list as a special or* ■" that one price ^^'^e^"'; '^i^^jer of Inter-State territory. 

o^ '-^^- ^^^-^^W^^^:^^^ carries ^^ ^r^::::^^^ Tht 

_,:^„,„o. r^rice formula as set by the state mu^ .^^^ ^ AUU^rcni price 

(c) . , 

shipped direct to the distributor s plant 
but passes through a country receiving 
station to be cooled, a receiving station 
co.,t of $.16 per hundredweight may 
be deducted. 
Clasi 2 Milk (per hundred pounds) 

J U.lf ilmfo the average price 


l tllCC ««iv^ 

some sections by advocating t: ... For thosejasons^ajmjjle^pn- -^^^ 

In Pennsylvania 

milk for relief purposes be Will ■"f°/;;";^^c;j, 'brp"u7cha;ed"according to the 

in lower classifications and at Uld m ^^yj^l territories. 

prices. ^ '■"^ '.►'., ^ !„._j ; 

Such a move wou 

take relief milk ou- — - 

that milk produc»Ot been 

, of Class h«»«°«l'"«'»;^''!Ltr' „^or have price, ap,.ly...8 < 




changed recently 

schedule then in effect 
that covers the contro 
June purchases will 
jersey prices have 
to the rest of the 

would have their incomes cut :erritory be_en changed 

determine the price of his milk 
ich his dealer is buying mil 
I as Class 1. Then applyn 
way when ™a„v o( .he. '^^ .^irill'-clafsrfc^.rnrio yourl,rod_u.^^ 

Each Pennsylvania producer can c 

. y c L • ov tiUng out the classifications m which his dealer is^ 

to support city relief work in '*J[^;pj;^.^^tagc of basic which is bought as 

cordingly. Farmers can not afi 


incompetent. even 
against the farmers best interests 
and as working against the con- 
sumers. They have been hearing 
that for so long that the truth as 
told in the foregoing paragraph 
would have been big news, a re- 
freshing change, to them. It 
seems that you missed your oppor- 
tunity to write some real news with 
a new slant on a subject which has 
become dry and hackneyed because 
of improper treatment. 

Are You Vacationing? 

Summer time is vacation time 
but it is also the farmer s busy 
time. In spite of a lot of work ten 
days, a week, or at least three days c 

•^ II U« f'^iind "n most jersey 

._ buying milk and 

then applying the 


,. - , I irices in i.ii«j!'>^ .,11*%^- - , 1 / .J,,.^lu><» rci iviaV ancl 

distress themselves. 11 Prices The butter price table on page 

Schemes of this kind will ".^"^ P^;"";,, be included in the July for june p...... 

'" utilized in the manufacture of any 

the classifica- 

to call 


even though they had been aired 

before. That made 

Neither of these 

many times 
headlines, too. 
men said anything constructive or 
rhey both used threats and 
Unfortunately, part truths 
Iso used and no part truth 
pted as fact. 1 he 


were also 
can be acce 

An Opportunity Missed \^i;^^"\s much as could be given 

FNTLEMEN of the Press, we in the limited time by lawyer 

disappointed in you. The Taylor, got only passing attention 
f Directors of the Inter- We recognize, gentlemen ot th. 

Board o . 

State Milk Producers Association 
invited you to attend the stock- 
holders meeting of our association 
_so the meeting could be reported 
accurately according to what hap- 
pened and not according to guess or 
misinformation that rnight be de- 
liberately or maliciously handed to 
you. This was a private meeting 
of our association and we would 
have been entirely within our rights 
to keep out everyone except stock- 
holders and their authorized agents. 
But we asked you to come so you 
could get the facts, all the facts. 

Unfortunately, you did not rise 
to the occasion. We do not know 
why. Only the Inquirer even 
approached a fair discussion of the 
meeting. That paper also did by 
far the best job of covering pre- 
meeting information. 

The fact remains that you gen- 
tlemen of the press missed the con- 
structive features, emphasized the 
destructive. Your write-ups im- 
pressed us as being written accord- 

press, that you and your employers 
are more dependent upon the good- 
will of milk consumers than iipon 
that of milk producers. But does- 
n't that make it even more impor- 
tant and necessary that you give 
your readers the whole picture, 
both sides of it. so they may react 
intelligently whenever milk prob- 
lems come to public attention. 


These questions were raised in 
our minds. "Were these reporters 

instructed to 'play ^oj^" \'^^ , 
Inter-State and 'play up those who be use 

would like to gain control of it or 

to scuttle' it entirely?" "Or do the 

reporters, city editors and others 

who 'pick the news' go out a ter 

that which they think the public 

wants or that which will make racy 

news, regardless of the complete 

and true picture?" "Or are these 

individuals incompetent? 

Personally, we think certain 

press representatives must have 

usually can be found on most 
farms when a part of the family 
can jump into the gasoline chariot 
and get away to a change ot scen- 
ery and a welcome relief from the 
hum-drum of every day farm work. 
The rest of the family should plan 
a like foray into a change of rou- 
tine after the first contingent re- 
turns home. , 

If you can possibly get away, do 
so You will come back from a 
trip across the state or into the riext 
state realizing what a fine old place 
home really is. It will spur you on 
to make it even a better home tor 
mother, the youngsters and your- 

**^6ne supreme effort should be 
made by everyone to get to Chica- 
go's 1934 version of A Century of 
Progress." It reopened late in May 
with the best of last year s exposi- 
tion retained in improved form 
and many new features added. A 
day will permit you to get a 
general impression, five days will 
give you a chance to inspect many 
of the most interesting and spec- 
tacular exhibits but a month could 
d to advantage if you wanted 
to study all exhibits in detail. We 
are assured that there will be 
enough new features there this year 
to make the fair doubly interesting 
to those who saw it last year 
entirely new dairy exhibit 
cows and featuring certihed 
production is included. 

Lacking the time, opportunity 
or money to v sit the Century ot 
Progress there are many things 

a small reduction in city re^n 

costs but may easily cut in k PolloLCing is g«t'<^" 

the price the farmer receivesj^^, ^nd price formulas contatne, 

milk used in relief work. T^, Qrdcr No. 8 of the Pcnnsylcanta 

will reduce the farmers' bu>^,//^ Control Board. u)tth later 

power, decrease his purchases ^^^J/^^cn/s. 

city-made goods, and soon inert. . ». nr»; 

the need for city relief. It is simp DEFINITIONS. As used - this O^^ 

further proof that the country Ci.1 General Order, the following terms 

not prosper unless agriculture prl,all have the following meanings: 

Pers. Philadelphia Milk Marketing Area 

ncludes Philadelphia County. Bucks 

E. A. Gauntt has been appoin-^unty. Delaware County. Montgomery 
extension dairy specialist in r^unty. and all townships m Chester 
College of Agriculture at RutgCounty lying east of the fo lowing named 
Uaivlrsity. New Jersey. He vownsh.p,: Franklm. 1 hgh and^ Honey 
StaiXnewworkonJulyl-llrook. London Britain. Londonderry, 
will work with the various pro<i»4ew London. Penn. Sadsbury. and West 
ers organizations and other ag(:«ln 

cies interested in dairying in N ^^^^^ , j^m^ Includes all milk pur- 

Jiased. received, or handled by a milk 
— lealer and so marketed as to be readily 
,pcn to the supposition that it will find 
utilization by human con- 
ed milk. 

Inter-State Milk 
Producers' Associatior-;;;;;;- _ ^^ ^^,,^,,.,. 

Jjocolate or flavored milk, or cream 
Mittermilk. It includes all milk leaving a 


Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

oilk plant or receiving station in 


^"":;::l:^y^:^^^l^^^"' orm, in th. absence 


Frederick Shangle. Vice President and 

of clear proof that 
«ch milk I's so utilized as to fall into some 
»ther class. 
Acting President (;/„„ 2 MUk Includes all milk from 

kugu/t'A'M.ii^r'AsM-t.nt Secretary ^jch is derived sweet cream butter, un- 
F. M. twining. I reasurer ^^ ^^j^j ^^ butler, or from which 18 de- 

Board iroVrector. ived fluid sweet or sour cream to be sold 

HO Tr.pi*. MoniBomery Co.. P-w human consumption as fluid sweei or 
S. K. Andrew.. Mu.lock. '^;'7J;"^«[,^„°; Owuf cfeam respectively. 


butter, if sold as butter. 

Clas, iA Milk Includes all milk that 
,8 manufactured into American Chee.^e. 

Skim Milk Includes whole milk from 
which the cream has been separated and 
which docs not contain more than one- 
half of one percent butterfat. 

CraJe A Milk Includes all milk 
which conforms in <,uality and is P">d"«J 
in accordance with Section 4 of Act 428 
approved May 2. 1929. and the Rules and 
Regulations promulgated by the Depart- 
ment of 1 Icalth of the Commonwealth ot 
Pennsylvania pursuant thereto 

Unless otherwise clearly indicated here- 
in all terms used in this Official ^'^'^'^"^ 
Order shall have the meanings ascribed 
to them in Act 37, approved January 2, 

ERS The following shall be the minimum 
prices charged by or paid to producers for 
GraJc B Milk so'd t° "i'"' fJc^l*-'"" 

C/usJ / Milk $260 per hundred 

,K>unds. if resold in the Philadelphia M.Ik 

Marketing Arei. $2 24 per hundred 

nds. if resold elsewhere in IVnnsylva- 

per pound of 92 score butter at wl 
sale in the New York Market, as reported 
by the United States Department of 
Agriculture for the month during which 
the milk is purcha.sed. plus $ 45. 

The above price shall be f. o b. distri- 
butors or milk dealer's nearest country 
receiving station or manufacturing plant 
If the distributor or milk dealer has no 
country receiving station or manufactur- 
ing plant, then the prices, shall l>e f. o b 
point of general assembly or shipping 

Class 2A Milk (P«r hundred pounds) 
three and one-h.lf times the average price 
per pound of 92 score butter at wholesale 
in the New York Market, as reported by 
the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture for the month durmg which the milk 
is purchased, plu, 20% of this arnount. 
and plus $ 30. subject to the following 
additions or deductions: A s^n'ta'y''"^ 
quantity production premium of $20 per 
hundred pounds shall be paid in the case 
of producers, who.e stable, milk house, 
and method of producing and handling 
the milk, meet the state requirements for 
a fluid milk market in Pennsylvania, and 
whose average daily production equals or 
exceeds 1.000 pounds for the period 
covered by each payment When the 
average daily production of such produc- 
ers falls below 1 .000 pounds, but not below 
500 pounds, the premium of $ 20 P" 
hundred pounds may be reduced by $ 01 
hundred pounds of milk 
When the average 

ion or 
manufacturing plant, then the price shall 
be f. o. b. point of general assembly or 
shipping platform. 

Class 2C Milk (per hundred pounds) 
the same as Class 3 Milk pl"« $ '<^ 

The above price shall be f o. b. milk 
d.^Ur-., nearest country receiving station 
manufacturing plant. If the milk 

or --- , , 

dealer has no country receiving station 
or manufacturing plant, then the price 
shall be f. o, b, point of general assembly 
or shipping platform. 

CLASSES /. 2. 2A. Cr 2B BUTTER- 
minimum prices shall apply to rnilk of 
J 5% butterfat content. There shall be 
a butterfat differential of at least $02 for 
each one-half of one tenth percent added 
for milk testing above 3.5% butterfat 
content, and deducted for milk testing 
under 3.5% butterfat content. 

Class i Milk the butterfat content of 
the milk or cream, in pounds, multiplied 
by the average price per pound ot VZ 
score butter at wholesale '" »>^^ ^ew 
York Market, as reported by the United 
States Department of Agriculture for the 
month during which the milk is purchased^ 
The above price shall be f. o. b. milk 
dealers nearest country receiving station 
or manufacturing plant If the milk 
dealer has no country receiving station or 
manufacturing plant, then the price shall 
be f. o. b. point of general assembly or 
shipping platform. 

Cla^s iA Milk ioT the month during 
which the milk IS handled, the average o 
the weekly quotations per pound ot 
cheese with differentials as indicated at 
the following markets, or with differentia s 
such of these markets 

prices shall be f. o. b. d 

J H. Bennetch. Sheridan 

Class 2 A Milk Includes all milk 

lized in the manufacture of milk choco- 

mte. candy, and confectioneries. 

ft Class 28 Milk Includes all milk util- 

sd in the manufacture of ice cream. 

( he«ter H. Gro.s. M.ncheNter. York Co.. 

I W Keith. Centerville.yueen Annes Co., i» 

A R Marvel. lUston. Talbot Co.. Md. . , . „ l,l 

Wm.Mendenhall. Uowmngtown. Chester Chomogenized mixtures, SOUps sold 

I. v. Otto. Carlisle. R. O.. Cumlierl 

_ Jjermatically sealed containers, condensed 

and Com' , 

i'hlii|T»»n'ce."We.~tChei.ter. Chester Cc 
All>ert .Sang. Uowers. Herks Co.. 1 a. 



The above . 
tributors' processing and or bottling plant 
under the following conditions: 

(a) When a producer, or a group of 
producers, deliver their milk direct to 
the distributing, proccs.sing. or bottling 
plant, they shall be paid in full the 
price set forth above. 

(b) When a producer, or a group of 
producers, do not deliver their milk 
direct to the distributing plant, the 
il amount paid for so much of the 
is not done by such 


Co.. Por concentrated whole milk to be sold in 

ng. nowers. Hcrn. V "., . -. rjgaled containers, powdered wh^le milk. 

,.,e.le^r,ck.sLngle.Trenton.R.D.. Mercer ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Neufchatel. Pimento. 

Harry H. Stewart. Ale«andria. HutingdonOpj^^j^^^ qj.^^ D'lsigny, Port De.Salut. 

M I'^'stitt SpruceHm. Juniata Co. P.. Lunch, Ko.slier, Petit Swiss Swiss, Lim- 
Jol.n"c:«,vel Sutton. Kennedyville. Kent ^^rgg, Munster. Cauda. DeBrie, Camem- 

,^l-' n-^» d R D BedforaObert, Hard Italian, Brick, and other 

S U. I routman, Uedlotd, K. U., tJeaioiu , t, . i 1„„ 

Pa. cheeses of .similar type This class also 

R, I. Tussey. Holliday.hurg. Blair Co., ?•• j^^j^j _^,| „,,i|^ „^^ otherwise accounted 

I" M Twining. Newtown. Uuclts «_o.. ra. t I - , 

a'. B Waddington, Woodsiown. bolem ^ f^r ^^ utilized in the manufacture ol any 
f^ J ^ ... ^ p, other dairy product not otherwise classi- 

B H. Welty. WaynesLoro. Franklin C^., »^ »»"" dairy 
!•■. P. Willits. Ward, Delaware Co., fa. |]ed. 

Two vacancies. 

~" " " Class 2C 

Executive Committee 

Milk Includes all milk 
, » f u ™.n Utilized in the manufacture of Farnui s 

Fre<lerick Shangle. Acting Ch'"'"" Oil /- U^.- 

F }' Williis A. H Wa.ldintt* Pressed cheese or Cream cheese. 

K I Tussrv A. R, MHivel 

Kli. I )...... van Q„„ 3 Afi/jfe— Includes all milk or 


transportation as 

producer or group of producers them- 
selves may be deducted. In the case of 
transportation by railroad, this sum 
shall not exceed the freight charge by 
zones set forth by the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission L C.L.orm case of 
transportation by truck by a holder of a 
Certificate of Public Convenience issued 
by the Public Service Commission, the 
.Hchc-dule of rates on file with the Com- 


Where the hauling is done by the 
distributors, the cost of such hauling 
si, .11 be the Interstate Commerce 
CommissionL C L ,or thePublicService 

Commission's schedule of rates cover- 
ing the same or similar service. 

for each one 

below 1. 000 pounds 

daily production falls below 500 pounds 

the premium of $ 20 per hundred pounds 

may be reduced by $.10. 

The above price shall be f. o b^ the 
manufacturing plant However, if the 
milk IS delivered to a branch station rather 
than the manufacturing plant, a maxi- 
mum of $ 05 per hundred pounds may be 
deducted from the above price. 

Class 2B Milk (Pe^ hundred pounds) 
three and one-half times the average price 
, er pound of 92 score butter at wholesale 
,n the New York Market, as reported by 
the United States Department of Agricul_ 
tuie for the month during which the milk 
is purchased, plus $30. 

Provided, however, that in the case ot 
milk utilized in the manufacture of ice 
hundred pounds may be 

lx=tween June I,' 1934 and July I. 1934. 

And provided, further, that in the case 

of milk utilized in the manufacture ol 

condensed or concentrated whole milk to 

be sold in se.led containers, the following 

prices may prevail until the Milk Control 

rd by official general order, revokes 

nd reinstates the above 

The average paid at 



as indicated from 

as may issue quotations during the period. 

Single Daisies at Wisconsin Cheese Fix- 
change, Plymouth, Wisconsin, plus $01 
per pound; Twins at Gouverneur Cheese 
Boar7, Gouverneur, New York; Flats at 

Cuba Board of Trade, Cuba, New York. 
From the average price of cheese as deter- 
mined from these quotations and differ- 
entials shall be deducted $.03 per pound 
of cheese allowance for makmg, and the 
price per 100 pound, of mi k shall be 
computed according to the yi^^d of cheese 
per 100 pounds of milk, as follows: 

cream, $ 05 per 

deducted from this price for milk receive 


this proviso ai 

minimum price 

idwestern condensaries as determine: 


4 4% 
4 5% 
4 6% 

4 8% 

5 0% 
5 1% 
5 2% 

by the Board at the end of each mont 
plus not less than $15 per hundred 
pounds of milk. This minimum price 
shall apply to all points 20-250 rniles. 
.1, inclusive, from Philadelphia, f enn- 
100 pounds ol 


,ddcd for each 50 mile zone under 

both inclusive 
sylvania. with $01 

milk added foi 

201 miles, and $01 per 100 pounds for 
milk deducted for every 50 mile zone over 

250 miles. be f o. b. milk 

The above price shall be i. o 
dealers nearest country receiving station 
or manu 

B E. Cheese 

Test Yield 
3.0% 8 30 
3.1% 8" 
3 2% 8 76 
3.3% 899 

3.4% 9.22 

3 5% 9 45 

3 6% 9 68 

3 7% 9.91 

3 8% 10 14 

3 9% 10 37 

4 0% 10 60 
4 1% 10.83 
4 2% 1106 
The above prices shall be f. o. 

dealers nearest country -"'-"f. '*^^°;; 
or manufacturing plant. If the milk 
dealer has no country receiving station or 
manufacturing plant, then the prices 
shall be f o. b. point of general assembly 
or shipping platform. 

GENERAL: The prices to be paid 

producers for milk utilized in -'^"f -'"- 
Tng dairy products shall be a, set forth m 

.,..s order, unless written P--'»f-" ^?^ 
been otained in advance from the Mi k 
Control Board to classify otherwise or to 
pay producers a different price schedule 
lor milk utilized in the manufacture of 

II 29 
11 52 
II 75 

11 98 

12 21 
12 44 
12 67 

12 90 

13 13 

13 59 
1 3 . 82 

14 05 

b. milk 

facturing plant. W the m 

ilk particular dairy producU. 




Page 6 


Our Seventeenth Year 

Our Seventeenth Year 

P„.a».-.__R^po«c.^..™..j-^ jirssjirr '■ ""• 

m, report. as prcarcd . The Agrlcdtural A^^^^^^^^^^ 

for distribution at the annua, muvuj ., «.. --r-JY^ ^^vc quickly in 
V the association, ori8,naly sched such we had to^-^ J^^^ ^^ .^ 

order to get the benefits of it 
Your Executive Committee and 
Board of Directors lost no time. 
They immediately formulated an 
agreement the price schedule ot 

OUR 'seventeenth year jusi ^vhich was put into effect volun- 
closed has been one of hard ^^^Uy j^ng first, less than three 
work, trying conditions, and ^^^j^g ^f ter the act was signed. 
' ' '- This allowed an additional $.2^ a 

hundred pounds for class 1 milk 
plus a saving in freight charges ot 
3 cents a hundred pounds on re- 
ceiving station milk. However 
the Philadelphia agreement did 
time but in a different way. /\ year ^^^_ ^^^ ^hg signature of Secretary 
ago we were almost at the bottom. y^g^\s,ce until August 21st and the 
Things had been getting worse in agreement went into effect ofhciall: 
C-IJ „f ^r..-,f„\fMrp and in- _ A „» T^tU nnnnc that tim 

uled for November 21-22, 1933. 
Some statistical material is omitted 
here. A complete report in printed 
form is available upon request. 

^UR 'seventeenth year just 
^ closed has been one of hard 
work, trying conditions, and 
difficult situations. It has also been 
a year of accomplishments. In my 
annual report a year ago I stated 
that we were then passing through 
a most trying period. Our seven- 
teenth year has also been a trying 
time but in a different way. A year 

lation to that effect, such legislation 
to remain effective after the Agri- 
cultural Adjustment Act expuca. 
One accomplishment which this 

how much milk is sold as bottled 
milk, either retail or wholesale, as 
bulk milk, as bottled and bulk 
cream, as skimmed milk, as choco- 
late milk and how much is manu- 
factured. That makes it possible 
to figure exactly how much should 
be bought at Class 1 price and 
assures us that we will be paid on 
the right basis. It also tells us 
where all dealers are buying their 
milk and how much of their cream 
is bought in the territory and how 

lowered rate of consumption, a high 
rate of production, record numbers 
of cows being milked, and low 
prices of meat-producing livestock 
that tend to make it relatively 
more profitable to use feed for 
dairy production than tor meat 

The Dairy Council 

.Successful merchants and manu- 
facturers know that advertising 
pays if the product offered is of the 
right quality and correctly priced, 
who are producing milk lor o^g extent tnat wc ,,' — r , , j j^iy saw a rise wnc. The need for such *" ^'*';l|^.^f'°"^ 

facturing purposes and I borate in obeying the SP'^^^ ° Prices usually break and August advertising campaign for m Ik was 
he Federal officials are tryZ ,, icemen t and the Agricultural pr^ce --'j^V^,^^^ ^^j^^ Uy felt early in the h-tory oMh.s or- 

.-..--I. ,-.rr,»ntition. SLj:..„f^ont Act. ri^,.r A large measure of these ganization. Accordingly the rniia 

nuc,„;.io„, wa, due to n,o„ey i.pHia Dairy Counca 
IndLion, rathe, than actual da.ry »« o ,a„,.ed ,„ 1920 to^carry^^o^ 

■"fuf prthTduU wa. si-nplified 'pto^t^i and extended rnilk con- 

'".ta'^t'cU-rrpHcVforanS '"TEr-Da'l-r C:;„Tboa,d o( 

t 1 l!-L^J Uoeir* In 

.neral and dairying in particular, 
/e must look ahead and recognize 

ies^ difficulties 1 . we are to 
such area to work out a marki^grcome them. 1 his is a jo 
agreement that will bring C(xhich we all must do our P^.'^t- 
_j..„.:^^ f^ tKo offirient nrr i.. ...^mari/.ing our part in 'or- 

the Federal officials are tryin^^ ^grt 

prevent such competition. Sujjustment Act 
plan seems even more nece C(.(.ond, we are agreed that the 
in the face of the largest slojjiiadelphiaMilkMarkctini; Agree- 
stocks of butter and cheese it^^^^^ jg ^ot perfect and does neea 
history of the country. .^^^in changes. These changes are 

We want to say in conne^^^ j^^ing considered, some oi 
with dairy production control^^^ j^gve been approved, 
no satisfactory method has ai r^i^;^^ ^g believe that 

(ContinueiJ from precwlmg 

the dealers' share of educational 
work done by the Dairy Council. 

Butter has not followed a steady 

price course the last year. he 

price of 92-score butter at New 

York varied from a low of Ib'A 

t7_u_....«f lot and asain on 

CelUS oil 1 y.v^^'^^'j , ■ _^ - .„ .1 , 

March 3rd to a high of 26 cents the 
last of November, on December I /. 
and again on July 7 and 8. May. 
June and July saw a rise when 


iiyj o.^.....^... J --- Third, wc u^f^-^ --- . , 

been devised for keeping down ,, ^ ^^^ ^^^^ found fault with the 
production in the butter, cb cnt have not sat down and 

ago we were aimosi ai. li.c l.w. ....... Wallace until rtusuau^.-v -..- -- . „„. ^ • .u„ territorv : 

Things had been getting worse in eement went into effect officially is b°"«^' '"j^^f^^^^^;^; 

every field of agriculture and in- ^^ ^^g^st 25th. During that time much outside the territory 

J „ Priri-s of evervthing were ^^^Juinns had changed so that . N.fJonjil Problc 

every iiciu w -e. . 

dustry. Prices of everything were 
going down. Milk could not with- 
stand the pressure and we also had 
to submit to price reductions. 

March of this year saw low tide 
a tide so low that the bottom of 
about everything was exposed. 
Then it started back. Recovery 
was on its way. When that hap- 
pened we had to change tactics. 
Previously it was a case of resisting 
the tide so as to save every inch of 
our markets that was economically 
and humanly possible. But with 
the turn wc had to step into a new 
role, we had to help the tide swing 
back and to recover the price con- 
cessions that hard times had forced 
us to take. 

Legislative Help 

A sympathetic administration at 
Washington gave us a big boost by 
passing the Agricultural Adjust- 
ment Act on May 13. 1933. This 
act. briefly stated, authorized that 
administrative machinery be set 
up which would put agricultural 
purchasing power back where it 
was from 1910 to 1914. In simple 
terms it meant that it would raise 
the price of milk so that the money 
from 100 pounds would buy as 
many pairs of overalls or as many 
pounds of sugar or as much lumber, 
as it did back in the earlier period. 
The problem of your association 
on May 1 3 when the act was signed 
by President Roosevelt was to put 
your milk prices on a parity with 
1910 to 1914. That act went 
further and demanded that we 
must also hold production down 
while getting this extra price. It 
, recognized that both uncontrolled 
production and good prices would 
not and could not remain with us 

The Marketing Agreement 

National control of the milk 
industry under law is a new depart- 
ure. This is the first time we have 
ever tried to outline to either pro- 
ducers or distributors just what they 
had to do and then enforce those 
demands. This control provides 
that the majority of producers and 
distributors get together and work 
out a marketing plan which, if 
satisfactory to officials of the 
Agricultural Adjustment Adminis- 
tration and to Secretary Wallace, 
is then put into effect. 

conditions had changed so that ^ National Problem 

* y^l I Ml- »n.4 S frfc M 

increase on Class 1 milk and !> to V 
cents saving on freight charges in 
less than three months time. 

The matter of production con- 
trol which is one aim of the Agricul 

of the one million or more farmers 
in the middlewest who are produc- 
ing billions of pounds of milk 

and evaporated milk prodif^jj^j j^ ^^ ^hown l^y the very few 
areas. It may be necessary ^o' gtructivc suggestions brought to 
cows out of production, "ntj ^^^ j^^ jj^p^ovement. Also, those 
on low producers or cows afftj^^ understand it and realize its 
with tuberculosis or contai^^^j-^^^ ^^.^^ ^ot expressed thcm- 
abortion. If this is done a proj^^g j^udly. 

ing tax on dairy products ma' ^^^j^ ^^ ^^^^ control pro- 
the next step and I don t see ^ -^ ^.^^^ ^^^ ^^jy through- 

wc as milk producers can esca""' p,^i,.^j^.ip|,i,^ MUk Shed 

share of such a tax if it is put-^ throughout the entire United 
dfcct. Another complication »^^^^ .^ ^^ ^^^ ^o enjoy a satis- 


producer's established basic. In 
September that was 83 percent of 
each producer's established basic 
quantity and in October and No- 
vember it was 83 percent. During 
the same three months the next I ^ 
to 1 5 percent of each basic amount 
was paid for at cream price. 1 hese 
percentages are now determined tor 
each month according to actual 

tlOn Ol Jjiuvau^v,.- 

In addition it has an advisory com- 
mittee of 19 members representing 
educators, scientists, nutrition ex- 
perts and doctors. _ . „ ■, 
It was felt early in Dairy Council 
history that the quality of the milk 
it advertised must be of the very 
best if the full benefit of its promo- 
tional efforts was to be realized 
Accordingly the quality control 

trol wh ch s one aim ot tne rtgrii-u.- ......v .«. ...- 

tnral Adiustment Act was not a cheese and evaporated milk 
tural Adjustmeni r. _ ,^ ,„„„ ^„„, . i_ .u.^ bv raising i 

ng billions of pounds of milk effect Another complication" ^^ ^^ ^^^ ,„ .^^^y a « 

every year and who must sell that wou d come up m such a pr^ ^,^ marketing situat 

milk for manufacture into butter. would be the effect on the pnt^c > 

milk tor manuiaciurc u. manv suchi iv/i:ii, Pr^rlortion 

worry to us. All we had to do was 
to keep the basic-surplus plan in 
operation, a plan that has kept 
production under control m this 
market for thirteen years. You 
know how this plan works and 
that it makes it difficult for the in- 
and-out producer to get in and 
disrupt our market whenever prices 
are attractive to him. 

Agreement Not Perfect 
We do not hold up this agree- 
ment as perfect, in fact we insist 
it is far from perfect and are 
working, and working hard, for 
certain changes in it. But the 
agreement is working and every 
milk producer sending milk to 
Philadelphia is getting more money 
for his milk because of it. That 
includes not only your directors, 
officers and fellow members but 
almost every milk producer in the 
entire milk shed. 

Had we waited until we had an 
agreement that approached per- 
fection and that pleased everyone, 
we would probably be working on 
it yet. and more than likely you 
would still be waiting for your 
first price increase. Instead we 
went ahead and got an agreement 
that brought all of us producers a 
better price and we are now work- 
ing on changes which, when accom- 
plished, will bring you still larger 
returns for your milk. 

Your Board of Directors and 
Executive Committee have worked 
hard on these changes and we are 
still working to put them into 
effect. One important change not 
yet accomplished is to require that 
every milk dealer be bonded. This 
is absolutely necessary in order to 
protect milk producers and insure 
that, regardless of what may hap- 
pen to the dealer, the producer 
will be paid for his milk. Such 
protection is so important that we 
are urging Federal and state legis- 

must help them" by raising prices 
and by controlling production. 
Their conditions and their prob- 
lems are different from ours and 
plans for helping them have not 
been completed as yet. 

Producing areas close to our 
cities have been set aside as fluid 
milk areas, of which Philadelphia 
is one. The Agricultural Adjust- 
ment Administration is helping 
producers and distributors in each 

beef, if and when many suchi 
should be put on the market. . 

Milk Production 

- I nc iij;uicij .". I--- - - . 

Many Benefits hiladelphia Milk Shed indicate a 
Careful study of the markeight decrease from h-st year as 
agreer^cnt and the Agriculnown by reports of Procfuction fo 
Adiustmcr t Act will show nur members. The consumpt on ol 
otl crTrefits to milk pro<l.ilk has held very Steady during 
which are not apparent at he past year. T »^- ^^"^ ^ ^'^^^.^^ 
al-mce If rigidly enforced onsumers have used just as "lucn 
wm help overcome many diffiaulk as formerly in spite of higher 
which have beset agricultunnccs 

(Continued on neil p«ge) 


Fiscal T*»r Lniiinf OcUber 31. UJ3 

Based on l)»t» I'liMlnhed l.y I . .<. D' I't- "f Annrulurc 

JUbi o» Pa.-Obio LiNi 


Dlitrlct of ColumbU. 


New Jeney 





New York 



(1000 lln.) 









Percent of 


70 M 

13 02 




(40 i|t. i'»nsl 








W i»T o» Chicaoo 




.^outh Dakota. . 



North DakoU. 


7 13 

Pfrcent o( 


23 69 


12 90 


(Gross Ibi. 

ices. . , ,, 1 »l „ 

Class 1 milk prices followed the 
rend of all commodity prices and 
roppcd to $1.98 per hundred lbs. 
f milk testing 3.5 percent butter- 
it the lowest level in Inter-Stale 
=^=^Utory. This price was in effect 
■;;;:^Krom November 1st. 1932 to May 
-1st. 1933. Then came a 25-cent 
Vrease on June 1st followed by 
Another 33-cent increase when the 
.grecment went into effect on Aug- 
:ust 23th, each one accompanied by 

^K rrinnth according to aciuai Accoraingiy i'"= ^^^y-j 
^^t. fiT.?es andXy will vary as department was orgamzed to guard 
m fk sales go up and'down and as that quality and to give assurance 
milK sales ^ ^ \^^ l_.:„„ „,„^iir,.H ^}^^^ the consumer would always 

aet good milk. That some quality 
control is a protection to every pro- 
ducer who strives to send high 
quahty milk to market. (A com- 
plete report of Dairy Council acti- 
vities will be mailed free upon re- 

"^"fn'conclusion 1 want to repeat 
that 1933 has started a definite 
turn for the better thruout the 
riation. Naturally we milk produc- 
ers in the Philadelphia Milk Shed 
will benefit from these better times. 
Your association will see that we 

sales gu \i\> a..v. 

the total of all basics produced 
may vary. If the new basics which 

1V....V s - will be established for next year 

The figures for product^nintlie are ^J^^^rtW wHl ^a^ 

affect these percentages 

The Dairy Outlook for 1933-34 

A few facts are in order on the 
national dairy situation. shall 

now read you a quotation from a 
government report >ssued early 
?his month on "The Dairy Outlook 
for 1933-34." 

"Returns from dairying for sev- 
eral years have been relatively fav 

- i ^ J ....t^U rofiirn 

e.,1 yea,, have •-", «'«t^,>',;-; 'Zu X;:: We .nu„ be patient 
orablc as compared "■>'', "='M'"' L„cver. and not try to reach com- 


■ 3.fiQ7 

1 34 

«9 76 





WMt Vlrninia 


Tennessee. . . . r .-. . 


South (VoUn*. . . 





North Carolina... 
.South Carolina. . . 




39 44 









3 IS 
17 -29 








609. .120 








31 87 
2 20 
i 52 






3S SI 








2 01 










'changes in freight charges favor- 
S.ble to producers, 
\ Our "A" milk market has re- 
cnaincd in relatively good condition 
— ^nd producers supplying it have 
-profited accordingly. Being a spec- 
ial market, it requires more atten- 
Hon by producers and correspond- 
ing attention from our fieldmcn. 
"JThe weighted average price, r . U. 
-3. Philadelphia, of all milk sold 
■through the Inter-State during the 
5l.ast fiscal year was $2,09. exclusive 

bf Grade "A" bonuses. 


T Lower Surplus Price 

— The surplus price for the first 
i«ix months of our fiscal year. No- 
,vembcr to April, was considerably 
Sunder the previous year but since 
iMay it has averaged close to hist 
' year's price. The surplus price for 
c four percent milk is four times the 
\ average monthly price of 92-score 
' butter at New York and the price 
c of milk for cream is 20 cents a 
t! hundred pounds higher. To each 
-J of these prices one cent a hundred 
pounds is now added to take care of 

oraoie as ^-w...^ . 

from most other types of farming 
and this has been true in previous 
periods of falling prices. During 
the next year or two. however the 
comparative situation seems likely 
to be much less favorab e to dairy 
producers. Evidences of weakness 
in the present dairy situation are: 
record stocks of dairy products, a 

Bet our aiiati-. .. - 

however, and not try to reach com- 
plete recovery ahead of the parade 
Team work and your continued 
cooperation and support of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers Asso- 
ciation is necessary if we are to do 
our part in keeping the Philadel- 
phia Milk Market a good place to 
sell our milk. 


F. O. B. Philadelphia. Pennsylvania 

Fiscal Year Ending October 3lsl. 1933 

Favors Beet Pulp 

for Cow's Summer 


Every dairyman is aware of the 
drop in milk flow which so often 
occurs during the late summer as a 
result of deficient pastures. It is at 
this season when summer silage or 
some other succulent feed proves 
beneficial towards stimulating and 
maintaining a normal milk produc- 
tion, advises K. S. Morrow, asso- 
ciate extension service dairyman 
at the New Jersey Agricultural 
Experiment Station. Rutgers Uni- 
versity. Beet pulp, where silage is 
not available, he advises, is a de- 
sirable feed to use for such purposes 
especially in feeding high producing 

The common method of feeding 
beet pulp has been to soak it with 
water for a period of 8 to 12 hours 
previous to feeding. Recent inves- 
tigations by several authorities 
have proven that dried pulp, fed 
dry. is equal in its feeding value and 
benefits to the soaked material. 
Palatability. milk yield, fat per- 
centage, and effect on animal were 
the same with both methods of 
feeding. Obviously. Mr. Morrow 
contends the feeding of the dried 
beet pulp results in considerable 
saving of time, labor, and equip- 

" 1 1 is doubtful whether beet pulp 
is to be recommended for any 
animals other than those in goad 
production." Mr. Morrow says^ 
"In actual nutrient content, dried 
beet pulp contains about 10 per 
cent less protein and 15 per cent 
less total nutrients than corn meal. 
The beet pulp, however, usually 
sells at a higher figure than corn^ 

"The dried material may be 
mixed with the regular herd mix. or 
fed separately at the time of 
feeding. Normal daily amounts 
range between 6 and 10 pounds to 

each animal. 

"One precaution is necessary 
when beet pulp is fed dry. Plenty 
of water must be accessible to the 
cows. Dried pulp will absorb three 
to four times its weight in water 
and the material must either be 
soaked up before or after feeding. 
Hence the necessity of a readily 
available supply of fresh water.' 






May. . 



August. . 


Weighted Average* for the 
year (*)_• 

The 1934 Dairy Industries Ex- 
position will be held at Cleveland. 
Ohio, from October 15th to 20th 
This is termed the largest industrial 
exposition in the country. The 
Dairy and Ice Cream Machinery 
and Supplies Association sponsors 
the show and forecasts that many 
new features will be included in the 


;:r;c;:^ilW t-tm. 3.5% butterfat are 20 cent. le« per hundred pound, in 
;■;:; VSted by .uantite. .old -t B-^c Cream and surplu. price,, 
fc) We.«hted by quantitie. .old each month. 
(c> Price change;effective Augu.t 23. \^ii. 

Uncle Ab says he does not be- 
lieve that blessings can be brought 
by ballyhoo. 






Page 8 


J une, 


Page 9 

Home and Commumty 



Elixateth McG. Graham, Bditoir 

A Message 

to the 1934 

You of the graduating class of 1934 ~ 
and there are millions of you go out into 
a world of confusion and paradox You 
are leaving a world which probably comes 
nearer to being a civilization than any- 
thing else that exists in America. In the 
school you have purpose, you have order, 
you have worthy activities, you have 
cooperation, beauty, a love of truth, and 
a respect for each other and the finer thmgs 

of life. 

You are going out into a world filled 
with confusion and uncertainty. It will 
b: easy to find things wrong with the 
world about you. The possibility of war 
is real and menacing. There is not enough 
work to go around. Too few people have 
too much of the wealth. Gigantic corpora- 
tions have become more interested in 
dominating government for their seUish 
ends than in serving the people. There 
is too little careful and farsighted plan- 
ning, and even the best plans that have 
been made so far would, if carried out. 
still leave a large margin of chronic un- 

If this picture seems dark and discour- 
aging at first, remember that humanity is 
always at its best in the face of difficulty. 
All the great victories of American life 
have betn won amid hardship and sacri- 
fice and endurance almost beyond belief^ 
The following extract from the diary of 
a pioneer who helped to open up the 
Oregon country is typical: 

"Noctmber 18. 1847 . . . My husband is 
sick It '■"'"' ""'' snows. We start this 
morning around the Jails with our wagon. 
We have five miles to go. I carry my 
baby and lead, or rather carry, another 
thru the snow, mud. and water almost to 
my knees. It is the worst road that a tearn 
could possibly traoel. I went ahead with 
my children and I was afraid to look 
behind me for fear of seeing the wagons 
turn over into the mud and water with 
everything in them. . . . We started this 
morning at sunrise and did not get to 
camp until after dark, and there was not 
one dry thread on one of us -not even my 
babe. I had carried my babe and I was so 
fatigued I could hardly speak or step. 
When I got here, I found my husband 
lying in Welch's wagon, very sick ^' 
had to stay up all night tonight for our 
wagons are left half way back- I nave not 
told half we suffered. I am not adequate 
to the task'' 

The human organism is wonderful 
It has resources almost beyond belief. 
Perhaps few of us at any time actually 
use more than a tenth of the power which 
we might develop. „ . , 

Then, too, the picture is not all dark. 
There are all about us evidences of 
strength and resourcefulness and new 
purpose. The great energy and hopeful- 
ness with which the country is taking 
hold of our national problems reveal the 
vitality and flexibility of democracy. 
There is ground for faith in the patience 
and intelligence of the American people 
in the face of disaster. 

Perhaps at this moment you are think- 
ing. "But my immediate personal problem 
demands that I do more than merely 
analyze what is wrong with, or hopeful 
about, society. I want to know: What 
shall I do with myself now that my school 
days are over?" 

First and foremost, do not expect too 
much, and do not lose confidence in 
yourself because you cannot get a job 
immediately or because you cannot begin 
where your parents left oft or because 
you cannot keep pace with someone 
around you who is better situated. 

ot Weather Dinners 

Hannah McK. Lyons, M. D. 

It was Com- 



Cooperatives in the 

Tennessee Vallti 

The Tennessee Valley Authority 

IS engaged in one of the most far 
reaching social and economic ex- 
periments of the New Deal. In its 
activities, which range from the 
manufacture and distribution of 
electric power to the building of a 
small city, the T.V.A. finds that 

munity Grange 
Night; the Hall 
was hot as 
Grange halls 

.1 - u„ 
are m i"*- '*** 

bit of being on 

hot evenings; 

every one ar- 

ved with that wilted look, and 

toirs. A soap plant using fats^erc soon fanning. J'^l^UZZ 
tained principally from the «n small groups by the wmdows or 
erative abattoirs. jn the steps outside. 

A number of farmers coopera p^^^ ^^^ women tliere occasion- 
marketing and P"^c»\^«'"««i.,^^e a murmur of "the amount 
prises are also planned. ManAl'V ^**;"'' u »u=.» rlav in the 

these are at the stage of discuof work put through that day m the 

almost too tired to come 

A School Which Is Building Up the Community 

M. OCllU«-»* ▼▼ 1"^ *___„■ .:^„ «n exchange of hosp 

only, but it appears certain leat,' 

permanent benefits to the people of cooperat 

ive creameries, c 



Grange," "of the 

An Early P«nn»ylvani« School Still in U«e 

Second, as you cast about for a vocation 
into which you can fit, think more of your 
own growth and happiness than of the 

money you can ma 

ke. There are too 

rhe Tennessee Valley require the tories. cream shipping stations -^'^^^^^^ ^^^i^ to prepare." Then, 
development of cooperative organ- possibly a few plants Jof. ^he , ^^-^^ ;„ ^^ue Grange 

mng of vegetables and fruits wiPU^^'^"'y' . j^ \^^^ 

fostered. These cooperatives wiJidmonition rose above 

located only where conditions^ith "Why, don t your men and 

pear favorable for their sucujiiiarcn like puddings nee, corn 

The cooperative purchasingj^.^^^i^ brown sugar tapioca> 1 clo 

farm supplies will also be develoj^ '^^j^ j^j^ boiled and roast 

many salesmen trying to sell people things 
they neither want or need. There are 
far too many people in the parasitic 
industries trying to make a living regard- 
less of the effect on other human beings. 
But there are not enough people in the 
creative services. All around us there are 
tasks that need to be done, services that 
might be performed if we had the creative 
imagination to see them, the intelligence 
to organize them, and the persuasive skill 
to arouse others to give their support to 
them. For example, it took generations 
of heroic missionary work to make Peop'e 
realize the improvement that could be 
made in human life thru the school. Today 
a million people serve as teachers. 

The whole field of adult education is 
largely untouched. The surface has not 
been scratched in the field of recreation 
which has come to be a major phase of 
education Libraries are understaffed and 
underfinanced, reaching but a small frac- 
tion of the people who should desire and 
use their services. A nation that can 
spend 250 million dollars a year to finance 
the playing of bridge ought to be able to 
spend at least a similar amount to supply 
the library service by which its people 
could be informed and intelligent. 

Third, if you cannot find or make a job 
that will pay you enough to live on in 
spite of your best efforts, do not be 
ashamed to fall back upon your family 
or upon the relief agencies of the commu- 
nity. There is much that one can do within 
the home to make his contribution to its 
beauty, happiness, and well being. You 
may be able to do volunteer service in 
the church, in the school, in the care of 
the parks, or in some office or occupation 
where you would learn worthwhile skills. 
F-ourth. form a few carefully selected 
friends among people who are older and 
wiser than you. Feel free to go to these 
older heads with their wider experience 
and their deeper understanding of life. 

Fifth, map out some systematic line of 
study. If you cannot afford further 
schooling, you can at small cost continue 
the improvement of your mind. . . . 

Whether we shall go forward into a new 
order, a larger justice, and a higher happi- 
ness and excellence of life, must in the 
end depend upon ourselves -our intelli- 
gence, our skill, our initiative, our fore- 
sight, our self-discipline, and character. 
We shall have the kind of country in 
1930 that we deserve to have. And the 
kind of country we shall have in 1950 
depends on the kind of men and women 
which the youth of today are determined 
in their hearts to be. 

Joy Elmer Morgan, in an Cditorial jn the 
"Journal of National Education ' 

izations. , . 

One of the principal activities of 
the T. V. A. is the distribution of 
electric power. Projects for rural 
electrification make it necessary 
to promote farmers cooperatives for 
the purpose of distributing electric 
current to their members. Through 
their cooperatives, farmers in the 
Tennessee Valley will be able to 
obtain electric light and power at 
rates lower than those paid by 
many city dwellers. 

Another cooperative exF>eriment 
will be carried on in the develop- 
ment of the town of Norris which 
is being built near the new Norris 
Dam. It is planned that the 
principal enterprises -the bakery, 
the laundry, the bank, the daily 
paper, etc. will be cooperatively 
owned. Norris will house the men 
employed in the construction of the 
dam and their families and later 
will provide homes for the employ- 
ees retained to maintain the dam 
and to engage in the work of re- 
forestation and soil erosion control. 
Another project is the develop- 
ment throughout the Tennessee 
Valley of small industries which will 
offer part-time employment to 
farmers and others. Many, per- 
haps all of these, will be coopera- 
tively owned. Among the indus- 
tries proposed are: "A plant to 
grade and concentrate minerals 
which occur on farm lands, the 
principal items being manganese 
ore, barytes, and tripoli stone. A 
paint plant making pigments from 
minerals collected from farmers. . . 
A number of rural cooperative abat- 

probably in conjunction with w^* coo „. u,,t «prve from 

erative marketing operations, iinners on hot days but -^^'''yT 
cooperatively owned industriesrhc garden the cooling vegetables 
also work with the farmers o^ ben getting breakfast ready 
erative organizations. It >» „,t a big rice pudding on the stove 
purposeof the Authority to devt ^^^^ ^^j j^^^^. j^ ^ice and cold 
such coordination of industry. Johnson says he 

agriculture in the Tennessee VaPy dinner ume. j 
as will tend to bring the higWkes the cool meal much better 
income to the farmers and wo%bcn he comes in out of the hot 
in the area. The Authority ha^^^ ^^^ f,nds the house nice and 
mind a systenri of decentrali j ^^j ^,^^ ^^^ g^rcly seem like 

industries which will make "« . ' , ru^r. r.r, \Ue cooler days 
labor of farmers at times when tmmded. I hen on ^'^^ ^°°!": J^ 

are not engaged in farm workil give them the roasts and cooked 
which will offer a local marketup hot things." 
certain farm products incluc j^^.^ fol'owed a discussion of 
ores that are to be found on the ^^^j ^^^^^^ whether men got 

t!v.A. has made contacts enough from the cold meals to 
Farm Credit Administrat,trcngthen them for the heavy work. 


Your Shopping Service 

Louise E. DrotlefT 

Mere's an adjustable holder with five 
"fingers" that every housekeeper will 
appreciate knowing about. Not only will 
the steel hooks grasp articles with handles 
such as brooms and mops, and hold them 
tightly, but it will also be something Dad 
can make use of for han(;ing his hammer, 
rake and other tools We will gladly tell 
you where you can purchase this "Finger 
Grip" for lOc. 

One of the secrets of a successful vaca- 
tion trip is to "travel light" and to help 
you carry out this advice we would sug- 
gest that you buy metal coat hangers 
which fold up so compactly that they 
take next to no space at all in your travel- 
ing bag. At U)c a piece you can take 
several with you on your trip. 

and other Government agenciepj^j^^jj^g one's work to best advan- 
order to obtain assistance in ^ j^ j^^^ weather; the tireless 
development of a practical coo? advantages and dis- 

ativeplan. Altogether the progi«>o»^'^'^- .. «.,biocts had 

is one which cooperators shoadvantages; all these subjects had 
watch with interest. a share. As live a discussion as any 

iiom- 1 he Cooperative Jounuj^j^j^j. Jecturer might covet for the 

regular hour. The Master's gavel 

feil. The sister who had thrown 

the bomb that could create such a 

ive discussion was heard to say, 

"It makes me tired to hear women 

talk of having hot meals the men 

folk need and want them and 

demand them. 1 know differently. 

for every man in the neighborhood 

house, as has 


"There's a heap more to educa- 
tion besides what you get out of 
books!", a southern highlander 
has been quoted as saying. 

With the conviction that a 
school must be a part of the com- 
munity in its education and its 
activities, nine years ago the John 
C Campbell Folk School at Brass- 
town, was founded down in a little 
rural section of the North Carolina 
highlands. The common objective 
of the teachers, the students and 
the community is that of working 
together to make possible a satisfy- 
ing life for people in the country. 

"We want a school which will 
build up the country and not make 
just preachers and teachers, was 
the plea. Ninety-seven per cent 
of the population was land-owning, 
but the story so familiar in other 
sections was being repeated; the 
young people were one by one going 
out from the country-side for their 
education or for work. And coun- 
try life offered little inducement lor 

their return. 

Five cooperative organizations 
have grown out of the interest and 
participation of the school in the 
community: the Mountain Valley 
Creamery has five hundred ship- 
ping members over a hundred mile 
area; the Farmers Association is 
conducting a going business in leed, 
eggs rye. peas and dried apples; 

the Savings and Loan Association 
and Milk. Hatchery and Handcraft 
Associations are all contributing 
to the economic welfare of the 
membership, and bringing the 
meaning of cooperation into all ot 
the walks of life. 

"The educational side ot the 
small local cooperative is, indeed, 
of primary importance and out- 
weighs any immediate financ.a 
gain to be secured, Mrs. Campbell 
has written. 

At the John C. Campbell Schoo 
there's no barrier between school 
and community. The school term, 
only four months in length, is 
iducted in informal classes with- 

sdits. The 


out examinations or ere 

students are mostly above eighteen 

years of age. 

During the rest of the year, 
through clubs for men and women, 
through craft work encouraged for 
winter months in the homes, through 

an exchange of hospitality and 
experiences, the school and the 
community are working hand and 
hand. The school buildings are 
the center for good times; for the 
singing of local folk songs al but 
forgotten, dramatizing o ballads 
eames and other forms of fun which 
are intermingled with hard work. 
The gradual effect of this atti- 
tude of the school as being an ac- 
tual part of the community is 
striking. The cooperatives are 
going steadily forward, with result- 
ing improved economic conditions 
in the homes. Through the encour- 
agement of the school there is 
growing up a real pride in being a 
countryman. The influence of the 
school has widened far beyond its 
own immediate community. 

"I am continually surprised to 
find how similar all over the world 
are fundamental rural problems 
the director of the school has said 
of the numerous visitors that 
have sought out remote litt e Brass- 
town, coming from not only many 
parts of North America, but from 
Ireland, Japan. Belgium. North 
and South India and Africa. 

"I sing behind the plough," is a 
line from an old Danish song. It 
is the key-note of the school. Into 
it may be read the highest purpose 
for any rural school in any commu- 

las eaten at our 

X[JJ; Johnson at theirs during rush times 
when we are helping each other out ; 

_J|it's their own wanting to stay in 
the rut of habit rather than use 
Once More the ThrUSf drains more than muscles and get 
How sweet a thing within an English tai Qyji oh a smoother track. Use of 
To hear the mellow warble of a thrush. ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^.^^^ one 

Content to sing inconsequential matters Y'^y'^ '"'^'■'^ _^ mUScIc 

v-»iii;c iviwi c i.ii».> ....—- Drains more man muai-i^-o .» 
'ow sweet a thing within an English tai Q^\_ oh a smoother track, 
o hear the mellow warble of a thrush. ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^.^ 

ontent to sing inconsequential matters i'''*'" '""^^ 
And leave the larks the theme of lltao \^.^\[ go warm as use ot 

ThetLh's song is of the daily measun matter on hot days." 
Of near-at-hand and long-familiar jogf 'Y\\c Master's gavel again sound- 
VllSiZli^l.Z'J'.^TJS^'i -d every one wen. .o work 
The splash of water in the garden poof' priore alert for the word-combat 
And everywhere and always with his sirx , , , ..i.„_ ^lace and everyone 
He satisfies the heart of bird "ndrnarr^ that had taken place, ai y 

He trills of cheerful courage in the mwr h-ippy ^ for they knew that tne 
'^ndattheedgeofni^ht^he.^ng^sJJ^ ^^^^^^^ ^j ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ a splen- 

(Continued in next column) 

(C..ntinue.l from preceding column) 

did home-maker; a splendid house- 
keeper; was always ready and did 
give a neighbor a lift when sick- 
ness or need came; she loved them, 
the best neighborhood times were 
always at her home; Grange or 
Community affairs were never 
complete when she was not present. 
Yes, they loved her; if she did give 
them a jostle sometimes, they knew 
they needed it. They would plan 
differently for their harvest dinners, 
and immediately came the sugges- 
tion to try the following Cherry 

Cherry Custard 
Cook cherries until soft. 
Put through colander and remove 

Sweeten to taste. 

riiieken with Cornstarch (some 
prefer Hour) until the cons.stancy 
<,f a soft corn starch pudding. 
Chill and serve with whole milk. 

How the Clergymen Vote 

Twenty thousand Protestant ministers 
replying to a questionnaire on econonuc 
and international questions, expressed 
their views as follows: - 

Armed intervention in other countries 
to protect American life and property was 
definitely disapproved by 75 percent ol 

those replying. j,^..;^ 

Seventy-nine percent favored drastic 
limitation of inherited wealth througti 
the inheritance tax. while an almost etjual 
number, totalling 76% favored a similar 
limitation on individual income by the 
income tax. 

Compulsory unemployment insurance 
under government administration was 
voted for by 63% 

An almost divided vote was shown be- 
tween private ownership of banks under 
government regulation versus banking as 
a public service. 

By a tremendous majority, 88% of the 
ministers expressed their belief that a 
cooperative commonwealth was more 
consistent with the ideals and methods of 
Christianity than capitalism. 


Milk Aids Sound Sleep 

In a recent experiir.ent on the subject 
of sound sleep, reprinted by the National 
Dairy Council, the only factor which was 
found to definitely aid »°""^. '^^^•=P,.^^» 
shown to be the drinking of hot milk at 

ThHatrng of a large amount of food 
t the evening meal resulted in restless- 
Baths, either warm or cold, seemed 
to show no effect in producing »'''"'"•'='„ 
ing with sleep. Beverages, other than 
milk, also showed no influence. 

If you he awake nights from over- 
fatigue, or toss r"t'«»'y,^^"=",y°" Uk 
finally get to sleep, try a glass of hot milk 
with chocolate or other flavor if you 
desire before going to bed. 

If all the milk produced in this 
country were distributed as fluid 
milk or cream and divided equally 
among everyone, each person would 
get a little more than one quart a 

'' There s a heap more to educa- 
tion besides what you get out of 

9 9 



June, 1), 


Page 11 

Milk Prices and Consumer Demand 

.1 :I1, r^r'iftt rtW2 

» TO ONE has .ent in ihe correct answer to the milk price puzzle 
Nch^r^pubHrdonpagcftof the May issue of the R.v.EW. Here 

is the answer in full: ^^^ 

1 3.632.432 

15 510.999 











1 5.690,870 


December, 1933 |4. '„_„.•_ Jronoed in November. 

Notice especially that <^°"7P^^7,,^The previous month. 
1932, in spite of a reduction m '■^*«'' .P^'"^ ^"^"^ Jf the fifteen months 
Also notice that ^{^53 '^^^ -^^^T^cte^dt rn^^crlase m retail price 
occurred m June, I Ji^, wmcn wa ^ ^ ^^ increased 

on June 1st from 9 -"^^^^^ '^^X^Xo A"^u'st following the increase 
consumption m September ^s compared to g ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ 

X;:d l^'thrplfc: crn^^thtrsffu^l month after the change was 

October, 1932 

INOVCllluci. xfj- 

December. 1932 
January. 1933 
February. 1933 
March. 1933 
April. 1933 
May, 1933 
June. 1933 
July. 1933 
August. 1933 
September. 1933 
October. 1933 
November, 1933 
December, 1933 

Price Change 


Decreased to 9c 







Increased to 10c 

Increased to 1 Ic 


pay producers according to the 
higher of the two basics when 
figured according to the control 
board order, or according to the 
Inter-State plan. Such a choice 
would put those who have kept 
down production under the inter- 
State plan on a more nearly equal 
basis with those who have exer- 
cised no production coiuiui. 

It was also requested that the 
price of milk from that part of 
New Jersey which lies within the 
Philadelphia milk shed be set at 
a price as nearly as possible in line 
with prices in the rest of the mi k 
shed. This price is now 10 to 15 
cents a hundred pounds higher 
than in New Jersey. 


"How could you be so hearties 
cried Mrs. Robinson, as she floi 
ished a slip of paper at her husbai 

"Now what's the matter?" ask 
that long-suffering man. 

"Dr. Peters has just shown r 
the telegram you sent him wl; 
mother was ill. Listen! You sa; 
'Mother-in-law at death's doi 
Come and pull her through.' " 
—"The Kablegran; 

Price Outlook Unchanged 

Effect of Drought Not Yet Determined 

"Can anyone enter your ej 
laying contest?" 
"No — only hens." 

Directors Met on May 16-17 

We might assume from these 
results that the way to increase 
milk consumption is to increase the 
retail price of milk but that would 
be a ridiculous assumption. We do 
assert, however, that other factors 
are far more important in influenc- 
ing milk consumption than is a 
moderate price change when such 
change is within reason. 

Let's look further into those 
figures of consumption. Note that 
December is a low month both 
years due to the tendency to use 
warm beverages as the weather gets 
colder and a shift toward holiday 
foods is experienced. As weather 
gets warmer the consumption in- 
creases due to a shift to milk as a 
table beverage and possibly an 
increased use of home frozen des- 
serts made possible with the me- 
chanical refrigerator. 

July and August are vacation 
months which are characterized by 
the annual exodus to seashore and 
mountain resorts and rural sections, 
thus definitely reducing the num- 
ber of consumers in the city during 
those months, transferring those 
sales to other markets. 

might be reduced from uneconomic 
levels which have not been ex- 
perienced in this market. 

It is manifestly desirable to have 
milk prices at a level which recog- 
nizes the purchasing power of con- 
sumers, at the same time bringing 
a return to producers which will 
give them a purchasing power so 
that they can buy the products ol 
labor, thus creating work in the 
cities and building up purchasing 
power for farm products. 

We feel that present retail milk 
prices and Class I prices to pro- 
ducers are now at approximately 
that level in this market. When 
conditionschange these pricesshould 

be changed. Our present prices 
have been in effect since August 
23th 1933, and have withstood 
efforts to change them in either 
direction. They are fair to the 
consumer, enabling him to get a 
food value for his money that can 
be equalled by few. if any. other 
food products. It is bringing the 
producer a price which is as high 
as competitive conditions will per- 

Effect of Strike 
Several hundred members of the 
association can explain the low milk 
sales of December. 1933 They 
learned its cause from the bitter 
experience of having their milk 
refused because of the milk drivers 
strike during the last nine days of 
December. This strike caused a !.>> 
percent reduction in sales as com- 
pared to December 1932. 

These figures show that consum- 
ers do not resent any moderate in- 
crease in milk prices or we should 
have expected them to show it in 
decreased purchases. Should milk 
prices be increased two or three 
cents at one time we could expect 
a cut in sales, or if the price were at 
its upper economic hmit of say 13 
to 1 3 cents a quart for B milk at 
the present time, and an attempt 
made to push it still higher we 
could then expect a response from 
consumers in the form of reduced 
purchases. Conversely, experience 
also shows that price reductions do 
not result In any appreciable in- 
crease in sales except when they 

Bishop Made Member of 
Jersey Control Board 

The appointment of John V. 
Bishop of Columbus. N. J., to the 
New Jersey Milk Control Board 
was announced early this month. 
He succeeds James E. Russel whose 
resignation is effective June 15. 
Mr. Bishop is well known to New 
Jersey milk producers, and has a 
record of service to the dairy in- 
dustry of the state. Many Review 
readers will recall that he was at 
one time a member of the Inter- 
State board of directors. 

At a meeting of the New Jersey 
Milk Control Board on June 7, 
several hundred producers, distri- 
butors and consumer representa- 
tives were present. Market condi- 
tions were discussed and a general 
opinion prevailed that an increase 
in the price to producers is needed. 
No action to that effect has been 

taken as yet. ^, , , „. . 

Frederick Shangle. Inter-State 
vice president, requested of the 
board that it request all dealers to 

THI-: regular bi-monthly meeting 
of the board of directors of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Asso- 
ciation was held at the association 
offices on May 16 and 17. All dir- 
ectors were present at the May 16 
session except Cook and 1 routman 
and all were present at the May 1 / 
session except Troutman. 

Mr. Twining, as chairman ot a 
special committee, reported on the 
arrangements which led up to 
setting the date for the postponed 
annual meeting of stockholders ot 
your association. These efforts re- 
sulted in the signing of the stipula- 
tion by attorneys for the plaintifts 
and for your associatiori with 
approval by the court obtained on 
May 1 I for the meeting to be held 
on June 4th. 

Mr. Twining also reported tor 
the committee on revising the by- 
laws Considerable discussion fol- 
lowed, especially on the changes 
providing for the nomination ot 
candidates for directorships and 
the provisions which would keep 
the membership and stockholdings 
confined to active milk producers. 
Mr. Zollers reported on the 
request for transfer of stock in the 
association to several producers 
who have not signed membership 
contracts. As the stock certificates 
were accompanied by the necessary 
transfer forms with guaranteed 
signatures the transfers were made 
making those individuals stock hold- 
ers but not members. 

Mr. Allcbach reported on market 
conditions, stating that the Federal 
milk marketing licenses are still in 
effect He reported on the meeting 
at Harrisburg on May 4. covered 
on page 15 of the May Review 
stating that the milk control board 
has not vet announced the results 
of that election. The effort of one 
dealer to transfer his milk from 
"direct shipped" to a receiving 
station located at a greater distance 
from the market was discussed and 
Mr. Allcbach reported that up to 
that time the producers who would 
have been affected were still getting 
the regular "direct shipped" price. 
Other irregularities in the market 
were brought to the board's atten- 
tion by several of the directors, 
special mention being made by 
several of the lateness of the April 
milk checks. This delay was be- 
lieved to have resulted from revis- 
ions in calculating percentages and 
prices under control board order. 
Mr Cohee. secretary of the 
Philadeli)hla Dairy Council re- 
ported that a survey of consumer 

buying habits of milk and otli 
dairy products would be made 
June. He also reported on rece 
developments in inspection wc 
and of Instances of inspection i 
ports being made out under certi 
circumstances on a basis of politii 
personal opinion or prejudice wit 
out regard to relative merit. 

Francis R. Taylor. Inter-Su 
counsel, arrived and the meetii 
took up the discussion of the le?; 
ity of proxies under different t 
cumstances and the means th 
would be taken to insure eat 
member of having his opinion cc 
rectly expressed at the meeting. 
The question of admitting pre 
representatives to all sessions 
the annual meeting was brought i 
and upon motion duly passed It 
board went on record in favor 
admitting the press. This actu 
was taken so as to permit the ne* 
papers to get the facts first ha: 
and not force them to depend upc 
guesses, rumors or deliberate m 
information. , n • t 

Mr. Zollers read a bulletin tro 
the National Milk Producers' Ft 
eration concerning the Fiesing 
bill to amend the Agricultu: 
Adjustment Act. The amendmt 
would require the A. A. A. to- 
elude resale price measures in; 
milk marketing agreements wht 
the majority of producers woi 
request it. The board requesti 
the secretary to write certi 
members of the agricultural cot 
mi t tee of the House of Represent 
tlves requesting prompt report: 
of the bill. Each director was urp 
to write his Congressman urgK 
support of the bill. 

The directors gave mdividt 
reports on market conditions 
their respective areas and discus* 
activities that may affect I 
market and the association in t 
future. Returned milk was m« 
tloned by several. Late chec 
brought phone calls to a lot 
directors. Some mentioned t 
activities of inspectors and thd 
bltrary demands made on sor 
producers. Poor pay and unc< 
tain prices were reported frc 
some of the areas supplying smal 
markets. _ 

The demand for a pockets 
leaflet, listing briefly the acco: 
plishmcnts of the Inter-State, » 
reported. This leaflet was wan 
or distribution before and at 
annual meeting. The printing 
such a leaflet at an estimated c£ 
of $32.00 for 3.000 copies » 
authorized by the board. 

THE major factor in todays 
dairy market situation is the 
effect of the drought on dairy 
•production and Its effect on pr^es 

^f ^ilk and dairy products. 1 he 
drought area extends trom western 
New York westward beyond the 
dairy belt of the central states. 
Onlv the eastern seaboard area 
Ind the mountain and Pacific coast 
•rates have escaped. 

Production in Wisconsin on May 
I was reported as 10 percent under 

; year earlier and later reports 
state that the deficiency has in- 
creased to 23 percent. Parts of 
Minnesota have ^u^^-'.^^^..^^^^^^ 
worse reduction and similar con- 
ditions prevail throughout the en_ 
tire butter, cheese and evaporated 
„,ilk areas. Not only are these 
areas now suffering from drastic- 
ally reduced production but there 
is danger of a feed shortage with 
high feed prices that may have a 
direct bearing on cost of produc- 
tion and on actual output over the 
entire country until the 1933 crop 
season rolls around. 

We may look for a higher price 
for our lower classifications ot milk 
(other than fluid milk) because of 
this probable reduced production 
This is especially true where such 
prices are based on current butter 
quotations. It is doubtful, how- 
ever, that there will be much in- 
centive in this area to produce milk 
for these manufacturing uses lor 
feed costs may be expected to rise 

sharply. , 

Fluid milk prices were increased 
from $1.73 to $2.00 per huridred 
pounds of 3.3 percent milk at 
Chicago and from $1.85 to $2^00 
at St. Louis effective June I .be- 
cause of Increased costs of produc- 
tion. Both these price changes 
were authorized under the A. A. A. 
agreements in force. A similar in- 
crease is expected In New York 
State, because of the drought situa- 
tion there. 

Whether the general dairy price 
level will increase enough to justify 
an increase in prices in this market 
can not be forecast at present. 

Reacting against a general increase 
in dairy prices is the relative level 
of consumer purchasing power which 
would likely turn to oleomargarine 
if butter prices go too high. 1 he 
:... ^-^.oo ;« rli«tinrtly antagonistic 
to ■" fluid" milk price' increases to 
consumers, perhaps because such 
an attitude is believed to appeal 
to the majority of their readers 
whose interest in milk is that of 
consumers only. This attitude 
reacts against price increases uritil 
the plight of milk producers be- 
comes extreme. 

Coupled with the sharply re- 
duced milk production is a storage 
situation which shows only a nor- 
mal seasonal supply on hand I5ut- 
ter in storage totalled less than Z 
million pounds on May I . only L/i 
millions more than the low supply a 
year earlier. Butter prod"':tion 
the first four months of 1934 was 
almost 9 percent below a year 
earlier. Cheese production was 
almost the same during the two 
periods but April showed a s^ib- 
stantial increase over April. U^^- 
Condensed milk showed an increas- 
ed output and evaporated milk a 
sharply reduced output during the 
same period. Cheese storage stocks 
are a third larger than a year ago 
while the supply of evaporated 
milk is well above average. 

The demand during the next tew 
weeks for butter for storage will 
exert a great Influence on butter 
prices. If the demand is strong 
we can look for strengthened prices. 
Apparently buyers are cautious, 
not knowing what to expect ol the 
relationships of supply and demand 
during the next several months. 

The local situation has been eas- 
ed with the changes In the Penn- 
sylvania Milk Control Board order, 
setting prices which give greater 
assurance of moving all the milk oil 

the farms. i .i . 

The dairy situation is such that 
the future, even the immediate 
future, is filled with uncertainty. 
Control measures, regulations, pas- 
ture and feed crop failures, increas- 
ing costs, uncertain consumer pur 

:A (food ^Hi)^dm£^ 

From every Hlan<l,H>int-c<.st, quality, clcpreciat.on^ 
de;::!„1abnh V <.f perf.>r.«anee and all-round uscfulne..- 
Dried Beet Pulp is a good inveslmenl today. 

,.« price ..Klay i« .h.nn .hr.e ^f^^X:^^:^^^^^^ 
last 27 y.«rH. Us ..u-lil.v .an alwavn In '* J'J ' »**^:,,,,,,., any»n Ik- slurcd for y.ars, .f •'•';/;• ;,^;..,,;.,, ,,,,,,, ,_ 
lo..ri.m of f., .IW.« >ahH.. I>o..H not ^^^^:::^^.^uAs. 
it .ill k.ep MM.n.l "-•-•-t^;'":7•7\; ./;,.. U.p,.„.lalMr.ty 

as a pr.Klur.r of milk and h.-al I. un.l. r -»;•*;';,„,? «,.,1 slu . p. 
knoJu.l«« amonK fc.-.l.rsof dairy '•7'^; »;;;,*';',,,,,... r,,ns arc 

An.l ew ry day nu.rc hu. h f..d.rH «- ';;;[1\' «J' H. it i". «« 

i.H uMs-how easily it filH .nlu "".y '^ "'"^ rversul i« it=* adapt- 
.he Hiding ffliei. ncy of any ral.on-how un.vcr>,ai 
iihility as tt regular or emergency feea. 


„ i. real AkkI for thought in ^^^^^^^^^^^ "^^^^ 
..n.d erops-and of »'«'«'";'"",•*• 7' "^V/ZiM-eMf hue pri.c of 
value of farm products, low "'"^ /, "^ ";'o'w, %R SLMMER 


The story of Dried Beet Pulp ^Yrr2r'Z:::'l:'u^^ ^^^ 
..ol read it, .l.y not ank your feed •^-' ; "/Z;;','^ . ^'et -iVontable 

Lluclc it V. ill ..oinl Ibc way to higher proGl. for you. 

Urud Iteet Pulp Make, a C<hh1 LiUer for I'oullry 


chasing power and trouble within 
the industry all exert their inHu- 
ence, sometimes with unforeseen 

May Buying and Selling Prices 

From N.llo„.l Coop.r.liv. Milkh«du~r,^F.d.r»^ 


P7i^ f o.b. City 3.3% Test 
Class 111 

Class 1 

Class II 

•Pittsburgh. . 

•N. Y. City (201 miUione) 



aDcs Moines 


ABoSton(l8l mile zone) 


ASt. Louis 

ASt. Paul 

St. Joseph. Mo 


ADetroit (t) 
Milwaukee (f) 
Clnclnnatti (t) 
AKansas City (t) 

Butter- Retail 
fat DifT- price 
erential "B" milk 

March Prices Paid by 

Producers' Associations 

3.5% Milk f. o. b. Market (x) 

Average , 

Citv Net Price Basic Price 

Plulaclelphia $2«4 $2.56 

Pittsbursh l^ [2^ 

Pes Moines J*^ 7 175 

New York C.ty 35 2^r> 

Detroit 52 l.»^ 

Milwaukee ' •'• 2 26 

Boston • 2.00 

fl^J A 2 599 3.403 

Stt '40 . 1.645 

S -Except New York quotations apply 
to 201-210 mile zone and Boston quota- 
tion* to 181-200 mile zone. 

Moles, Mice, Skunks 

Aid War on Jap Beetle 

Japanese beetle grubs are choice 
tidbits for several small animals, 
some of which are considered nuis- 
ances. Because of their habit of 
digging up and devouring these 
grubs, however, moles, mice shrews, 
and skunks play a useful part in 
man's struggle against an import- 
ant insect pest of lawns, gardens, 
and orchards. 

Wisconsin Prices 

All milk marketed In Wisconsin 
brought an average price of $ 
per hundred pounds for the month 
of April as compared \o $\.W in 
March and $.87 in April 1^35- . 

Milk used in cheese making 
brought producers $1.00 per hun- 
dred pounds.that for butter brought 
$99. for condensanes $1.U. and 
market milk brought $1-34. Ihe 
farm price of butterfat was ^.Z'y a 

pound. . . , 

Production per cow on May I 
was reported as 16.09 pounds per 
cow in Wisconsin as compared to 
the national average ot U.O 
pounds. These hgures showed 
respectively, a 10 percent and a -J 
percent reduction from a year ear- 

' . ~ "", . , 1 1_.|_, AAA. milk marketing licenses. 

• -Under State Control Board supervision: r}^^^'^:^:,'^^ ^e determined according 
(t)-April price.: x-Average of variations within class, b 
to butter. 

Pageant with Fountain 

Fountains, lights, music drama 
will be included in the Arabian 
Nights pageant to be held at the 
Longwood Open Air Theatre, near 
Kennett Square. June 21 to Z/ 
except Sunday. A cast of 230 will 
take part in the three episodes 
comprising the pageant. Lach per- 
formance will start at 9 p. m. 
daylight time, the gardens of the 
estate being open to visitors prev- 
ious to each performance. Lovers 

of flowers and of the drama will 

find this an event of unusual inter- J)yjnl^ Jjilk tveryDOdy 



Page 12 




Page 13 

The Secretary's Report 

By I. Ralph ZoUers 

The following is the statement of 
our record of stock during the fiscal 
year ending October 31st, 1933. 
Stock Record 1932 

Shares outstanding Oct. 

31st. 1932 ^^^lA 

Issued for cash ^5.3 

Redeemed jj- ' 

Adjustment charge to capi- 
tal stock ^' ^ 

Shares outstanding Oct. 

31st. 1933 23527.2 

During the year. 53.7 shares of 
stock have been bought in by the 
Association. Stock is only redeem- 
ed from those who are out of the 
dairy business. 

The gross number of certificates 
issued as of the closing of the trans- 
fer books previous to this meeting 
is reported as 30.230. 


rlaving pasted our 
training period day* 
back in the 90'», we 
are now in the class 
with Champions. 

We challenge you for 
your next order for 
printing of 



Printer & Dtaigner 













We have continued to use and 
continuously kept up to date, our 
Stock Ledger Card System dunng 
this year. This system has proven 
its ueef'j!"**** '" many wavs at all 

Our membership, at the close 
of the fiscal year October 3l8t. 
1933 is distributed among 224 
local units with 155 in Pennsylva- 
nia. 30 in Maryland. 23 in New 
Jersey. 14 in Delaware, and 2 in 
West Virginia. 

Approximately 200 of the locals 
held one or more meetings during 
the year to discuss market condi- 
tions and to discuss other subjects 
in which the dairymen or farm 
folks in general are interested. 
Many of the meetings were attend- 
ed by some officer of the associa- 
tion. Some of the meetings were 
held in conjunction with other farm 
organizations in that community. 

During the past year the Board 
of Directors has held eight regular 
meetings and several special meet- 
ings with a very high average 
attendance. At these meetings the 
conditions of the milk shed were 
carefully considered and discussed 
as well as the conditions pertaining 
to national affairs. 

The Executive Committee has 
held meetings at intervals during 
the year. 

The Boaid of 27 Directors during 
the past year has been made up of: 
17 from Pennsylvania 
5 from Maryland 

3 from New Jersey 
2 from Delaware 

The Executive Committee of 9 is 
composed of: 

4 from Pennsylvania 
2 from New Jersey 

2 from Maryland 
I from Delaware 
We are sad to report the death 
of a member of the Board during 
the past year in the person of 
Henry I. Lauver. This is the first 
time since the Inter-State was or- 
ganized, and we are closing the 
17th year, that the grim reaper 
visited a member of the official 
family of the Association. Those 
who knew Mr. Lauver will always 
remember him as a friend to the 

Members and friends of the 
Association are always welcome at 
the office and should visit there, 
where a vast amount of informa- 
tion can be obtained. 

263 4-H Club Girls 

Can 12,360 Quarts 

Canning 12.360 quarts of fruits 
and vegetables last year 263 girls 
in 4-H clubs saved $1704. Mrs. 
Harmony H. Stewart, girls' club 
leader for the Pennsylvania State 
The ffirls were 

Meeting Sets Records 


enTo\\ed in 23 clubs in 1 5 counties 
Belle Boyd, of Forest County, 
canned 300 quarts. The required 
number was 20. Two sisters. Hazel 
and Rosie Bitner. of Cumberland 
County, canned the family supply 
of fruits and vegetables. In Potter 
County the Andrews Settlenient 
Club did not have the required 
berries, so the girls organized a 
berry picking hike and gathered 
enough wild berries to fill their 
quota. At the Schuylkill County 
Fair the Friedensburg canning club 
staged an educational canning ex- 
hibit which created much favorable 
comment, Mrs. Stewart says. 

Set Ice Cream RuUi 

New ice cream standards 1 
been adopted in Pennsylvj (Continued from p«ge D 

They are designed to guard because milk prices have been held 
sumcrs against "puffy" .ce cr-fc credited this to the work ot yo ^^^ Inter-State to a better level 

due to too much air being wo^^nization whose P°''^'^^ .^ -^ ^^is market than prices of other 

into the product and called ei/eked by the slate ^ ^f "^'^^^"; j^,^ products. He called attention 
sive over-run in he ice cream ttominated by Mr. Wiliits ivii. h , ., ... „_ 

The new standards require '/itherspoon. in endorsing the same 

.1 r • ».: .. I . I ../»k»^ nut hoW gOV- 

a gallon ui ict v,.v.c.... - — •-"»naiuaico, =- l^..^, riass 

least 1.8 pounds of total sv„ment figures show a better «.Ja8S 
and that the gallon weigh ^nd a better weighted average 
pounds or more. This establi^ce for milk in this milk shed than 
the minimum weight of one q„y comparable market in 
as 19 ounces and one pint as juntry and this with a lower aver- 
ounces. ge consumers' price. He gave fuU 
The Association of Ice Cr^^dit to your Association ar^d 
Manufacturers of Pennsylvania,ked that the ";»«" ,^''° "^"T 
New Jersey approved these re?ack such policies be placed on ine 
tions before their final adoptio;oard. , . j 
■ The Master then recognized 

I "kaq F Fox who represented the 
In the United States, each perhas^.^.^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^.^ , 

ndVr c^„ ,r,^A,> nne statement whicJ 

cats less than eighteen poundJP°pjjj^ ^^jg one statement which 
butter every year. In Canada,js generally agreed to and that 
average „ .wenty-seven ^"■"^^^ "^^'^ .'^iJ Th^s 
■-- - Kial welfare work during thirty- 

Cool Milk Carefully - " ' ' - ' - -i-^:^^' 

to the acts of an "opposition can- 
didate in stimulating strikes and in 
bringing in several car luaus o. 
cows. He asked that the members 
refuse to surrender their market to 
either untried or unscrupulous 

hands. , 

The final speaker before the 
voting was Wallace Williams, speak- 
ing for the "opposition" slate. He 
remarked that the issues had been 
discussed "over and over", contin- 
uing with a statement of his loca- 
tion and attitude. He referred to 
the Pennsylvania Control Board 
hearing in February and his part in 

StnJfor Fret 

Give Hurri-Kool. the «im- 
pleat of all Milk Cooler*, one 
trial and you will never be 
without it. Handiest, moat , , . , 
aatisfactory milk cooler ever developed. Low in 
price. Sold on money back baais. Send coupon 
below or po«t card for complete information. 
Agents can sell. 

92 Score Solid Pack 

I Inatant Manufacturing Co.. 

, Bos U-172. No. Mancheater, Ind. 

Send,me free folder Jeterikint 
the Hurri-Kool Milk. Cooler 

















25 'i 





24 «i 




New York 

24'. i* 


















24 % 




23 V, 




23 'i 
22 % 

22 "4 



HOT days and nights, milk 
poorly cooled and rejected at 
the receiving station, profits gone. 
Such is not an unusual happening 
during June. July and August. 

The surest way to prevent such 

trouble is to see that all milk is 

properly cooled. Evening milk 

should be cooled promptly and 

kept cool all night and the morning 

milk must not be mixed with it 

under any circumstances until it. 

in turn, has been thoroughly cooled. 

The morning milk should, of course, 

be cooled as soon as possible so as 

to deliver it in the best condition. 

Cold water is the most common 

cooling material and the most 

common method of using it is to 

set the cans in a tank filled with 

the coldest water available. This 

water should extend up to the neck 

of the can. or at least to the level 

of the milk inside the can. Another 

cooling method is to run the milk 

over a surface cooler which has 

cold water circulating through it. 

A third method which is gaining 

prominence is to use coils of tubing 

which are lowered into the cans of 

milk and the cold water circulated 

through these coils. Such devices 

can be operated singly or in groups 

of two to four or more at one time. 

This method can be supplemented 

by placing the cans in a tank of 

cold water while the cooling coils 

are in action. 

A common mistake in cooling 
with water is expecting a supply of 
water in a tank to take all the heat 
out of milk and the water remain 
cold while doing it. It stands to 
reason that if a tank contains 
about 40 gallons of water at 50 
degrees and four lO-gallon cans of 
milk at 90 degrees are put into this 
tank of water the temperature of 
both water and milk will be about 
70 degrees after an hour or two. 
But if a constantly fresh sup[>ly of 
cold water is run through the tank 
the milk can be cooled almost to 
the temperature of the water. 
Circulating the water in the tank 
speeds the cooling by keepirig cold 
water in constant contact with the 

Ice added to the water or me- 
chanical refrigeration will cool the 
water in the tank to a temperature 

It. He openly accused the Inter- 
State officials of backing up the 
big distributors but made mention 
of nothing specific. He advocated 
farmers going into the milk distri- 
bution business and he insisted on 
a one-man one-vote membership 

basis. , , 

As it was well past noon and the 
crowd was becoming impatient. 




^^. , as accepted no pay for represent- 

1 11 . la those men or another organiza- 

low enough to get the milk ^o^f'^'^X producers for whom 
desirable temperature. It '""S'°" °J ^'^^, ^ ^e told of how he 

remembered that the water in* '^ cuui . p, •, , . i ; r^c- y,.^^^ "— .." , ■ 

tank will absorb heat through adadvjsed^h^^P^^ j^^^^^^ ^^^ ,^ , the meeting 

walls of the tank as well as 1^ ° P^J'tv « ^tion and con- was recessed after this talk. Final 
the milk. n>aking it extremely « ^""^fJ^Vl 'I'^-n the Federal instructions and casting of ballots 
portant that the tank be well .r.n"ed into ^^J'^^'^^^cr which were announced as the first order of 
Lith adequate insulation in ^''^^jll^^^iTL horrible business after lunch. The opinion 
and cover. Most -echan^^T ^^ow pubhc hearings was rather freely expressed that 

coolers are sold as a unit with f^^ ^^^ ^^ j^^,j jf ^^^.^3 are 
built tanks. Such coolers are a^» Frequent reference was 

able for either electric or gas^ 8 ^^ ^^^ ^.^^^ Producers' Re- 
motor power or with a kero»!^^ ^^^ quotations made from it. 
burning compressor ^^^^^ j^,, information. The 

1 he Review will help you g^ jjj^^^^ ,^^ endorsed were term- 
touch with manufacturers of c* ^^ belonging to "A New Deal, 
ing equipment and tanks ot : _ ., . r n j __ 

type which may fit 


Lewis C. Bentzley followed and 

r""" %ued a strike threat, saying it 

needs. Write either the manu^^^ ^^^ ^^,y ^^^ ^f ^^e small and 

turers advertising in the r^EV^jdie farmer. He had unkind 
or direct to us. y^^^^^ ^^ g^^y ^bout Inter-State 

.fficers. the "organization" candi- 

Maryland Farm BureaU|j^^pg f^^ directorships, the "oppo- 

Chooses New Secretaition " candidates, a rival organiza- 
Charles F. Wise. Jr.. who ion and its officers. jmeof^Mr- 
, • 1- • 1,'oxs statements, and the rnua 

served as specialist in agricult^j^j^,^.^ j^^^^^j ^^j j^^ ^^^1 

engineering of the Univcrsit) ,,.,., ^ c.„f« 

... I r- . Q ;^. Upholds Inter-btate 

Maryland I.xtension Service ^hh"— 

the 'last three years, has \^ Next came Francis R. Taylor 

( nter-Statc awver who reviewed 
named secretary-treasurer of "Jer^^ta^e I ^^. y ^.^^^^ ^^ ^^^.^^^ 

Maryland Farm fiurcau red'-^^^y ^f ^,^^ opposition charges 
tion. He succeeds Miles against Inter-State were made. He 

Fairbanks, who recently rcsig:x)ld of the legislative work of this 
to accept a position in Porto FWiation of the reorganization 

1 p^j^f stock records which revealed 
•rrors that occurred perhaps fif- 
:een years before, that can never be 
M r. Wise is widely known thro^etermincd exactly and how the 
out Maryland through his cxmcmbers themselves approved 
sion activities and as district 8u;tncasurcs that assure an honest 

, c Jitock record and absolute justice 

visor in the campaign for "^i^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^j^^,j^^^ ^j ^^.^^^j ^e 

ment of production of wheat brought out that every officer of 
the corn-hog campaign. In at^Jj^ Association has an enviable 
tion, he covered the stato of Marecord of achievement and an un 

in connection with 

Farm Credit Administration. 

was rather freely expressed that 
not a hundred votes were influenced 
by the talks. 

Reports of Officers 
With the collection of the ballots 
by the tellers, four appointed by 
the backers of each complete slate, 
the Master turned the meeting 
back to Mr. Shangle. announcing 
that his work was just starting. 
Upon motion by Mr. Wiliits a vote 
of thanks was extended Mr. Ciain 
for his splendid manner of con- 
ducting the election. 

The appointments to the Reso- 
lutions Committee were announc- 
ed by the chairman as Furman 
Gyger. Howard Fravel, 11. Davis 
Walraven and Richard 1 . Cann. 
Jr The Secretary's Report was 
then read by I. Ralph Zollcrs and 
approved (see page 12). followed 
by the Treasurer's Report which 
was given by Mr. Fleisher of Mc- 
Gce. Fleisher & Company. Certi- 
fied Public Accountants (see page 
16). F. M. Twining then gave the 
report of the Field and lest De- 
partment (see page 14). 

A summarized report ot tin- 
Philadelphia Inter - State Dairy 
Council was given by C. I. Cohee. 
Secretary. Printed copies of this 
report are available. Additional 
remarks covered recent work in 
schools and a statement that mal- 
nutrition among school children is 
being luld down to the 1929 level 

the most reliable type of equipment Great surplus power- 
oversize parts -costs less to run-and giveslonger trouble-free 
hfe "M&E" compressors are found on thousands ot the 
Eastern dairy farms. Complete range of sizes and types 
from 175 lb. up to largest. All automatic, t-lectr.c or 
easoline drive. 



For caUlog.. local dealers names, or engineering data write- 


Cst libtf PHI LADE LPHIA,PA. US. /J. 

MrtTirF TO DEALERS: Wtiy not inve.ligate the possibilities of handling "M«cE* 
S^^ylu^ Jt?on> Dir^^t r acto^ry Contact. Free training. Your mqmry .. .nv„« 

tion he covered the stato ot Mwcord ot achievement and an un- ixiiik ■ -^"^ w^,... 
ion he ^°^^"^^ ";^ ,, challenged record of honesty and Difficulties in inspection caused by 

land for a number of Y^ars asl^ S conHictmg regulations were also 

jmtier ot years as "—."■— -6-^ , V 1 

, r, , \ r .„»a>d that he has never found a man 
engineer for the Portland ^^^^^ , ...u„ 1 „ _^,.. 


anywhere who knows more about 
He is a graduattjj^^ marketing of milk than H. D. 
the University of Minnesota. Allcbach. He insisted that the 
^ men he endorsed, the "organiza- 
tion" slate, would dedicate ihem- 
Hard and Fast selves, as the present board has 
Policeman: "As soon as hdone, to the upbuilding of a better 
you come around the bend I $ Inter-State 

to myself. 'Forty-five at least Chester Gross, a director up) lor 

Lady Driver: "How dare )' Selection then spoke for the or- 

It's this hat that makes me look «anization" slate, stating that a 

[j ■• milk check will go relatively tarth 

conflicting regulations were also 

Dr. Weaver Talks 
Next followed a brief talk by 
Frederick Shangle. Vice President 
and Acting President since the 
resignation of Mr. Allebtich in 
January (see page ^)- ^ . , , 
Dr. V. P. Weaver, Agricultural 
FcoMomist at Pennsylvania State 
ColhiM-. gave a short address on 
•i:con..mic Factors in the Present 

mik checlc will go relatively larin-,... ...v. .„-.-. ,. , , 

r today than before the depression Dairy Situation. He discussed the 

cycles in which the industry moves 
and brought out how a period of 
increasing cow numbers combined 
with the depression has made con- 
ditions especially severe. He de- 
scribed Federal and State efforts to 
help the industry as means of les- 
sening the evil effects of this com- 
bination of circumstances. Penn- 
sylvania, he said, would pay more 
than its share of any processing 
tax which might be imposed. A 
.summary of his entire address will 
be printed in a forthcoming issue of 
the Review. 

This address was followed by a 
rcj)ort of the Resolutions Commit- 
tee, summarized on page 2. Fol- 
lowing action on the resolutions a 
request was made by Mr. Cook that 
the tabled resolution calling for an 
informative vote on four points in 
the reorganization plan submitted 
by Hoagland Gates be brought up 
for a vote of the membership by 
ballot. This may be done according 
to the by-laws. Following consid- 
erable discussion this request was 
withdrawn on condition that a 
committee of seven be aF)pointed. 
head by John A. McSparran, to 
study by-law revisions and report 
its recommendations to the Board 
of Directors. Such a committee 
was authorized and the following 
additional men were later named to 
the committee: H. W. C ook. New- 
ark. Del.: J. W. Keith. Centrevi e. 
Md.; H. K. Martin. C^oodville, 
Pa • Kenzie Bagshaw, Hollidays- 
burg. Pa.: C. S. Whittakcr. Alex- 
andria, r^i.: and Chas. R. Hires. 

Salem, N. J. , , • 

Following this action the busi- 

(Conlinucl on p»gf \'>) 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

The following is a report of the work 
done by the Quality Control Depart- 
ment of the Dairy Council for the 
month of April. 1934: 

No. Inspections Made \\\ 

Special I arm Visits ' '^ 

No. .Sediment Tests ^^94 

No Bacteria Tests 3iO 

Days Can & Truck Inspection. o 

No. Meetings ' 

Attendance *^ 

Days Special Work ,., cfc 

No Miles Iraveled 26.56i 

During the month 75 dairies were 
discontinued from selling for failure to 
comply with the regulations 52 dairies 
were re instated before the month was 


To date 285,610 farm inspections 

have been made. 

Report of the Field and 
Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

The following .statistics show the 
operations of all the Inter-State Milk 
Projluccrs' Association fieldmen in 
connection with testing, weighing and 
general membership work for the 
month ot April. 1914: 

Mutterfat Te.sts Made 
Plants Investigated 

C alls on Members . 

Quality Iniproyement Calls. 

I lerd .Samples Tested 

Mcinbershi|> .Solicitation Calls 

New Meml)er» Signed 

Cows Signed ' ^ 

Meetings Attended " 

Attending Meetings 1918 

Transfers of Membership 2 

Brom Thymol Teats 69 











Page 14 




^^^^i^^^Service^ To Members 

Meeting Sets Records 

(Continued from page U) 


IN our last report under plans of 
1933, we stated that we pro- 

posed : — rirsi, lu uivi<-i\. ^^.^ 

territories into smaller units to 
enable each Fieldman of the De- 
partment to work in closer contact 
with the members in his territory; 
Second, in cooperation with the 
Philadelphia Inter - State Dairy 
Council, to acquaint members with 
probable causes of quality doubles 
and methods of prevention; Third, 
to continue our investigational 
work on the study of greater ac- 
curacy in procuring milk samples 
and the perfection of devices to 
overcome some present-day difficul- 
ties, and Fourth, to cooperate with 
research and extension representa- 
tives, county agents, department 
of agriculture representatives and 
with members, on projects of 
benefit to the entire membership. 

We have carried out all those 
proposals and have had a decided y 

k w mm ^ ^ .^^ ° n of the meeting was a 

Field and Test Department, 1933 Report-F. M. Twining, Director - -f _ 

rieiaaiiUA*^ f . ^„ _.u__:„„ suffereed an average loss of ap( The banquet on ivionaay 

imately $33.60 each or $1 .i;,,8 attended by about 6UUrnem^ 
per month for the group Wrs and their friends^ hga^hc 
.U„ Iot..r-State Milk Produne was distinctly favorable to tne 

The smaller territories have 
brought the Fieldmen in close 
rrvntart with members and their 
needs for service, particularly those 
pertaining to butter-fat tests and 
the prevention of returned milk. 

The Check-Testing service has 
reached I 1 6 cooperating milk plants 
during the year, a few have only 
been part-time cooperating but 
most of them during the entire 
fiscal year period covered by this 
report. We attempt to give at 
least eight regular investigations 
to each plant in a twelve month 
period. A high record of efficiency 
has been maintained by milk plant 
operators in our territory. Of the 
91,881 total milk plant tests made 
only 431 test corrections were 
necessary, or one in every 213 tests. 
Of a total of 912 milk plant 
investigations made, with perhaps 
2500 outlet valves, only 38 leaky 
outlet valves were found during 

of prevention. Calls numbering 
1561 were made by Inter-State 
Fieldmen, on members who had 
returned milk 

Association. Mr. Sharpless re- 
marks will, with his permission 
appear in full in the July issue o 
the Revif:w. Mr. Snavely followed 

of keeping accurate records and of 
constantly culling on the basis of 
such records to improve the effi- 
ciency of the herd. These records 
furnish numerous examF)Us of herds 
in which culling has resulted in 
greater net returns from the herd. 

Er;::;a-rprn.7e:rorno,d .i,e,xea.anao„,,7s..o,we^. 

Service Work. 



scales were found to be slightly out 
of adjustment. Three test machines 
were found to be running below the 
proper rate of speed. Corrections 
were made in each case without 

Excellent Cooperation 

'Arabian Nights' 

Fifth Annual Kennett 


Cast of 250; Readers, Orchestra 


Open-Air Thc:ttrc, 1900 Scats 



9 P.M., DST. Order Ticket m Now 

14(K) Scats, $1 .VK)Rcsov...l.$l.:,() 


Box 1, Kennett Square Pa. 


"Mastitis & Garget" 

Make your own tests of 
samples of milk from 
your cows to determine 
the condition of the 





Post paid 

Enables you to find the 
faulty quarters that usu- 
ally bring up your bac- 
teria count. 

The Special Products Co.,' Inc. 


Very satisfactory cooperation on 
the part of milk plant operators 
was received in the correction of 
discrepancies of any kind when 
called to their attention. On I I 
occasions during the year discrep- 
ancies were reported to different 
state authorities. We have had 
splendid support, particularly by 
the Bureau of Foods and Chemistry 
of the Pennsylvania Department of 
Agriculture, and by the Depart- 
ment of Dairy Husbandry of New 
Jersey in enforcing Babcock 1 est 

Our Herd Testing service has 
been in great demand throughout 
the year. The individual cows of 
743 herds, totaling 8312 samples 
were tested and the weighted 
averages compared with milk plant 
tests were computed and reported 
to those members. 

The "Prevention of Returned 
Milk" service was materially in- 
creased during the past year. 
Wherever full cooperation on the 
part of dealers was obtained, the 
amount of returned milk at both 
terminal markets and receiving 
stations was decidedly decreased. 

At six of the largest plants, where 
the greatest amount of returned 
milk was reported, samples of all 
returned milk were brought to our 
laboratory during the summer 
months, examined under the mic- 
roscope and members were notified 
by letter as to whether the kind of 
bacteria found showed indications 
of: -Inefficient Cooling. 

Bacterial Contamination. 
Udder Disturbances. 
The amount of returned milk at 
those six plants alone was reduced 
by 364,199 lbs. during the months 
of May to September of 1933 as 
compared to the same months of 

Letters on the probable causes of 
returned milk were sent to 3101 
members during the past summer, 
with literature suggesting methods 

Our work on the prevention ot 
returned milk is in no way a dupli- 
cation of the Quality Control 
Work that has been carried on by 
the Philadelphia Inter-State Dairy 

Weigh Tank Studies 

In both our report for 1931 and 
that for 1932. we mentioned that 
in cooperation with college experi- 
ment stations and department of 
agriculture authorities, we were 
conducting experiments to increase 
the accuracy of securing milk 
samples, particularly those of milks 
cooled to extremely low tempera- 
tures without any form of agitation 
during the cooling process. 

There has been a growing ten- 
dency for the past two or three 
years on the part of those who 
wished to produce milk of low 
bacterial count, to place warm 
milk immediately after it has been 
drawn from the cow, in ice water, 
without using a stirring rod or any 
form of agitation. Usually, elec- 
trically operated cooling cabinets 
have been used. 

From a bacteriological stand- 
point, this method has proven most 
satisfactory, but from a standpoint 
of securing reliable buttcrfat sam- 
ples, it presents a problem hereto- 
fore unknown to the dairy industry 
in that such milk does not readily 
remix in the weigh tank. 

Our department, as far as we 
know, has been the first to discover 
the fact of the occurrence of such 
discrepancies and in cooperation 
with Professor D. H. Bailey of 
Pennsylvania State College and 
the Dairy Experts of the Pennsyl- 
vania Department of Agriculture, 
have done much exj^rimental work 
during 1932 and 1933. and have 
succeeded in finding dependable 
methods of overcoming the diffi- 

The Board of Directors of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Asso- 
ciation has been in constant touch 
with this work and they have, 
since the studies have been com- 
pleted, requested the proper au- 
thorities in all the states in which 
we operate, to pass a ruling, mak- 
ing all milk buyers responsible in 
the matter of securing truly repre- 
sentative milk samples under all 

Dr. James W. Kellogg. Chief of 
the Bureau of Foods and Chemis- 
try, with the approval of Secretary 
of Agriculture McSparran of Penn- 
sylvania took immediate action 
by a ruling of this kind. Similar 
action is expected from the other 
state authorities in the near future. 
In order to acquaint the dairy 
industry, not only within our terri- 
tory but in other territories as 
well, with this important matter. 
Professor Bailey at the Annual 
Meeting of the International Milk 
Dealers' Convention in 1932 at 
Detroit and in 1933 at Chicago, 
read papers on this work. 

In his 1933 report he pointed out 
the fact that 35 patrons at one 
plant in our territory would have 


1 lie oiii«-«-« ' 

Association taken steps '<> •«»="> ,™''"='S<^"'""-„ „cr„,,ven 
come the difficulty. ,ben called upon to "'•<'■"-''■ ^^ 

A j;;:i^;ir&!rATn.f:t sta^:jirn»rlr„.est \nd^ m^^^ 

&. to puffisl. a b""..f ere .Pp'ause,wc.^ anyone^- 
this work in 1934. he entire two uny 

Our Department continued-our Sales M^^^.^*^-^' •;■ ^-^i,,/ at 
ing the past year, as it has «ich, when called upon to rise 
doing for several years, lenhe banquet. ^ 

ass„Lnce to modified dairy D. "f'^.^AgnTuTturc ^ RuT- 
improvemcnt association wo.he School ol '^S"cuiiu 
the counties o( Cumberland. S,rs University and D «^^'°' »' '^^"^ 
and Bucks and Lancaster in P^ew i^'^^'J^t "^LLZZ. 
sv vania. oe"^ Mation, was 

'incooperationwiththePhilfhe only ^peaker -s ^^ ^,\-^;^, 
phia Inter-State Dairy (ounc,l|ymons. L^'^^^^ Umversity of 
Ihe Bacteriological nepartmenjtens.on ^^ ;'-3 !;^^^^,^",'^^ress 
the Pennsylvania and DeMaryland. L"'- .^yj""" j 

State Colleges, an exhaustiveyill be «u'"J"-"^^^ '" '"" '"'''' 
complete study was made of «tue of the Keview. 
dard methods of bacteria co jy^^ Tuesday Session 

used in making paynrient for ^ „^-d„v morning session 

.ilk bonuses during the sun.. Jlie^ ^JtlTtursTf mill and ice 
'^^ • Operation ^am plants in the city, lastrng 

. , f .1 p*bout two hours. The meeting 

During the period ot the r ^^gned at the hotel at I0:3U 
delphia Milk Marketing Ai^^j^ ^^^^^ 330 present, 
ment much work was done b\ |^ 

the KEVlf:w. ivir. .^ncivciy ■"•— • greaici in-i "--^^ --- 

with a challenge to all parties to ^^^^ though culling reduced the 

acquire more of that "conciliation i-„ .....1 

«^;,.;t As there was nothing 

further brought before the mcetmg 







V.U. -..^. 330 present. The 
. , , . chairman introduced Wm. B. Dur- 
Field Department in hclpim^^^ ^^^ Jersey Secretary ot 
get the provisions of the ^oCi ^'j^^jj^y^j. jj^J member of the 
operation and in giving assisl:^^^ Jersey Milk Control Board, as 
to the Agricultural AdjustHj^^ j^^^^ speaker. 
Administration in gathering jyj^ Duryee predicts a greater 
dence on code violations. ,pcciaHzation in dairying and he 

The men of the l^i-Pafti^^kg with disfavor on continuing 
signed 97 new members durim ^j^^i^^^^ ^f jj^e dairy industry 
fiscal year and transferred j^j^o^gh expecting more regula- 
members from inactive to ii.^^^^ rather than less. He looks 
membership. They made a to'^on the promotion of dairy con- 
801 5 calls on members and att^un^ption as distinctly Dairy Coun- 
ed a total of 302 meetings w..j ^^^j^ He sees great possi.ilities 
were attended by a total of 2/^^ having milk control boards and 
persons. jairy cooperatives work together for 

Personnel the good of everyone provided a 

Personnel ^^^^ ^^^ workable basis is used 

There were eleven men rega,^ ^ starting point. A complete 


.11 be 

employed in the department dLjy^j^^j.y ^f f|,is address 

part of the year and ten men r^^^^^ j,^ .^^^ ^.j^^ly issue of the Re- 

larly for the entire year. E-^j^^ 

the chairman declared the meeting 

Up to the Members 
Thus ended a historic meeting, a 
meeting looked upon by many as 
testing whether farmer coopera- 
tives shall continue to function in 
this nation, especially those service 
cooperatives that depend for ttieir 
existence upon a combination ol 
good-will and of service which may 
not always be apparent to and 
readily measurable by a casual 

observer. j ,1 

The decision was placed in the 
hands of the members, the /esults 
are not yet known. Whichever 
group wins it is our hope they will 
accept their responsibilities with 
humility and carry on keeping 
Philadelphia one of the best milk 
markets in the nation for both pro- 
ducer and consumer. It is a task 
worthy of great men. Almost equal 
responsibility is that of the losers. 
Their help is needed to make tliis a 
unified market. They must help 
the winner find the common ground 
through give and take which 
will assure unity of action and the 
best available market for everyone. 

Higher Prices Needed 

Although prices of basic commo- 
dities have advanced with the 
price of gold, says Professor h. A 
Pearson of the department ot 
agricultural economics at Cornel . 
they have not advanced far enough 
to enable business to restore nor- 
mal employment, and to enable 
farmers and home owners to pay 
their debts and taxes. Remarkable 
progress has been made in re- 
establishing an equilibrium in tlie 
price structure. Die only difficulty 
is that the process of rebuilding 
the price structure has no gone tar 


. „ ,1 " 

quaiiiii> "' •■•••■» t 

The bureau estimates that eli- 
minating the lowest producing 10 
percent of all milk cows in the 
country would reduce total milk 
production by about 5 percent, and 
eliminating the lowest producing 
20 percent would reduce production 
about 12 percent. But. says Mr. 
Reed, until a great many more 
dairy farmers keep records and cull 
the unprofitable cows from their 
herds, these cows and their poten- 
tially unprofitable offspring will 
continue to aggravate the troubles 
of the dairy industry. 

Farmers who have signed a 
contract to reduce their production 
of basic commodities will receive 
A. A. A. farm record books. 

The initial T.B. test of 14 new 
townships in Lancaster county has 
been completed for this spring. 
There is still room for more of this 
work and especially in some town- 
shijjs which already have done a lot 
of individual testing. Any town- 
ships that are signed up now will l^e 

Page 15 

Price Index Unchanged 

The index of prices of farm 
products was 74 on May I 5 com- 
pared with 74 on April I :>. and with 
62 on May I 3 last year, according 
to the Bureau of Agricultural 
I'.conomics. . , 

The index of prices paid by 
farmers for articles bought was I Zl 
on May 13. compared with 120 on 
April I 3, and with 102 on May 13 

1 » 'ru» ratio of orices paid 

to prices received was 61 on Vlay 
13. compared to 62 on April n, 
and 61 a year ago. 

Jack Shelton of Luling. Texas, 
was elected president of the Ameri- 
can Jersey Cattle Club at its sixty- 
sixth annual meeting in New York 
City on June 6. The 193, annual 
meeting of the club will be held in 
Tulsa, Oklahoma. 





"What's wrong, 
his wife. 

"My razor," boomed the voice 
from within the bathroom. It 
doesn't cut at all." 

"Don't be silly. Your beard 
can't be tougher than the lino- 

First Boy (boasting): "My pa's 
got a wooden leg." . . 

Second Boy: "Huh! dat ain t 
nothin'; my sister's got a cedar 

The aviation instructor, having 
delivered a lecture on parachute 
work, concluded: 

"And if it doesn't open well. 

Sd :'.hrn'ea^"? trryrp. S. .enlkmen. that's what is known a, 
testea in inc n 'jump ng to a conclusion . 

Bucher, county agent. juiuhius 


. MILK • 



Designed by Inter-State Members 

lariy lor im timn- j^^-- yiEW. 

help was employed on a few oc Secretary Duryee was followed 

ions when the regular force cj^y WiUJam V. Dennis. Professor of 

not keep up with their sched-j^y^jji Sociology at Pennsylvania 

The loyalty and devotion to cgj^^^. (^ollj.j,e who talked on "Get- Culling C0W8 Wlil 

on the part of all members ol^jj^g Down to Fundamentals." His Increase Dairy Prchts 

Department has been of the ^n^Jress will also appear in sum- 

est possible order. 1 feel thatfj^^^^i^pj fQ^m in an early issue of 

member of the Departmenj]^^ Review. In brief he discussed 

particularly well fitted for his ^j^j. ^^ree important aspects of 

particular territory and that tJ^gri^.^J^^^,rJ^l cooperation. First, the 

man is conscientiously and hone^jjj.|^ip,(.ry. second, the principals; 

doing his utmost to protect ij^j^d, tlie cooperating spirit which 

best interests of members at [j^, j^gcribed as the real dynamic of 

times. true cooperation. The last named 

' point must be achieved, he said, 

Concrete construction withst before we can have truly successful 

the Chicago fire better than and properly effective cooperation, 
other type. The reinforced < He described the four square char- 
crcte framework of the Lives: acteristics of the cooperating spirit 
Lxchange building is intact as Comradeship. Con liation. Con- 
will be used in rebuilding > fidence and Consecration, 
only minor repairs to that pa' Expresses Confidence 

the structure. Plans to rec r- 

include the use of concrete w Perhaps the richest gem o the 
ever practicable. ent'^e session was the hnef talk by 

L. B. Sharpless of Chester County, 

The Farm Credit Administra: who. as a member and a milk 
announced May 28th that gr producer, expressed full conlidonce 
loans to finance project activ in the Association s officers, of tlieir 
can be obtained by orgaft past record and future policies. He 
groups of agricultural studf felt that every attack against the 
such as 4-H clubs and Fut officers was a personal attack 
Farmers of America chapt against him as a member ot the 
through a responsible adult. 

Whether a nation-wide program 
to reduce milk production is put 
into effect or not, many individual 
dairy farmers could reduce the 
total output of milk from their 
herds and at the same time profit 
by such reduction, says O. L. 
Reed, Chief of the Bureau of 
Dairy Industry, in his annual re- 
port to Secretary Wallace. 

"It is possible," he says, "by 
lowering the cost of milk produc- 
tion and by increasing the efficiency 
of the individual cows in the herd 
to obtain greater profits, even with 
a reduced production. One of the 
speediest ways to do this is by 
culling the unprofitable cows. 

"Studies year after year of the 
records of production, feed cost, 
and income in individual herds in 
dairy herd-improvement as.soc.a- 
tit.ns have indicated the wisdom 

Outside dimensions 52 by 36 inches and ^3 «nches^cov- 
ered with 16 and 18 gauge Armco Ingot Iron and insulated with 3 
richer o W. P. cork board, 2 inches of cork board m cover 
cnuipped with 1 3 or Vz H-P- compressor, water agitator and Detro. 
nlermostrtic Expansion Valve. Constructed on sound mechanical 




April 28. 1934 


Four Cans per Milking 


Food Shalf 30 by 14 inches 

under back lid 

Mr W. W. Morton. 
Fort Loudon, Pa. 

The n>ilk cooler you make which you in- 
stalled for me last September l«t has been 
satisfactory in every way The agitated water 
is one of the Ijest features in a miilc cooling 
cabinet as it takes the heat from the milk 
more rar>idly than unagitated water In fact. 
I think it is one of the best cabinets on the 
market and I can fully recommend it to any 
of my fellow dairy farmers wishing the best 
milk cooler for the dollar. 1 am (signed) 
J W. 1 loi I KDiT/, Mercersburg, Pa , R. 4. 

Morton's Milk Coolers 

Ft. Loudon, Penna. 

Where can I see your milk cooler in 
operation > Please send more details. 





Page 16 



The Treasurer's Report 

THE REPORT of the treasurer, covering — r ^/l r- 

"L1;!?;!I ,Lc „;..n hv Maurice T. Fleisher of the firm of McGee. 

the financial situation of the 
TssocTal^on.was given by Maurice T. Fleisher of the ^^^ °f ^cGee^ 
Fleisher and Co.. Certified Pjb..^ . -ountants. This firm has been 
audfting tL books of your for the past severaly^ears and 
all records of transactions are scrutmizea uy inc.. a» cv. h'-h--^^. --- 
rectness and proper recording. 

Statement of Assets and Liabilities October 31, 1933 

Don't take the CHANG 
I n 






Current Auatsi 

^ On Hand $ '^"'JO 

Checking Account ^c^", o,, 

Stock Fund 50« '« 

Savings Fund Account Z.JJV.^J 

Advances-Travel «^^° ° 

$ 6.162.43 

Loan Receivable .„ .,» "^ ^ 

Accounts Receivable — Adv 

Other. . 

Current Liabilities: 



Capital Stock: 

Common (Par Value $2.50) 

it^''°" 40.00() ,hares$IOO.O(M).00 

Unissued ^. ,at,^n 

& Treasury 1 6.472.8 shares 41.1 82.00 


Investments at Cost b6.<Hi\.2f 

Total Current Asset* 75.069.41 

Fixed Assets: .cooiii 

Furniture & Fixtures (General) *J»5 !' 
Less -Res. for Depreciation . . 10.4B/./^ 

standing 23.527.2 shares 


Balance. October 11. 193} 



Total Capital $81,216.87 

Furniture & Fixtures (Mech.). . 
Less— Res. for Depreciation. 



~ 650.75 

Total Fixed Aaaeta (Net) b.\*7Ab 

Total Aaaet. »\.Hb.S7 

•—Market Value $57,094.20. 

Total Liabilities and Capital. 


Statement of Income and Expense 
Fiscal Year Ended October 31. 1933 


Dealers-Co-Operative 4 1 84 

Non Co-Operative ]' °^ 

Milk Producers' Review: j gg^ g^ 

Advertising^ [ ". ! ! '. '. ! '. ! ! '. 10;330:25 

Subscriptions ^' 

$ 89.826.33 

Interest Received: - 

Bank Balances 


12.425 20 



Total Income 

c, $17,283.17 

i? L ■ i! 30,166.28 

Membership 27.540.53 

lesting !';<;->'; ^A 

Milk Producers' Review h'm7 47 

Directors and Executive Committee 4 097 68 

Annual Meeting 473 67 

Industry-Welfare. ..." , ^- : ' ' ■ t'ft^ nft 

National Co-Operative Milk Producers Federation i^AC 

Statistical and Financial :>.OibA'y 

^ , ,ir ^ ., 122.%2.93 

Total Expense ___] 

NET INCOME * $ 17.679.23 


The question was asked from the floor as to the reason for the 
deficit from the year's operations. Mr. Fleisher explained this as follows. 
"The net loss charged to Surplus of $17,500 is due to reduced income of 
approximately $14,000. of which $11,000 is reduced income from com- 
missions, and increased expenses of approximately $8,000." The report 
was adopted by vote of the meeting. 

more, two of these being sold at the 
Chester County sale and two at the 
Emmadine sale. These results 
show a recovery and a renewed 
faith in the purebred industry, 
club officials believe. 

Better Guernsey Prices 

Guernsey sales held in May 
show a decided price improvement 
as compared to similar sales held a 
year earlier, according to reports 

from the American Guernsey Cattle 

Club. The Coventry-Florham sale , vi i 

averaged $378 for 66 head as com- By July I. the New Jersey 

pared with an average of $271 for State Department of^ Agriculture 
55 head last year. The Chester .u_ _._»„*„ u„ 

County sale average increased 
from $145 to $263 and the Emnia- 
dine sale averaged $370. an in- 
crease of $47 over their 1933 sale. 
Other sales showed correspondingly 
good averages. 

Five head out of the 364 animals 
in five sales brought $1000 or 

expects every cow in the state .to be 
tested and under its supervision 
for the eradication of tuberculosis. 
Secretary Duryee announces. The 
department has knowledge of only 
800 cattle in the state that have 
not been tested, and these are 
scheduled to be tested as soon as 


that under the law a 

:j fc 

cikroort n\A/;4V 


O you 


you have -your life savings, your home, your 
farm, or your business? Under the new Penn- 
sylvania Law no automobile owner can afford to 
run the risk of driving a car without adequate 
insurance. You may not only be liable for 
money damages which will take any savings or 
property you own. but you may lose your driver's 
license as well. 



West Chester, Pa., and Philudelphia. Pa., July, 1934_ 

No. 3 

Members Elect "Inter-State" Men 

Vote Shows Strength of Association 


to 30% Savings 100%o Protection 


Our Workmen Compensa- 
tion Policy provides pro- 
tection for both employer 
and employee and has re- 
turned a substantial divi- 
dend every year. 

Our Standard Automobile Policy gives you 
proper protection at a saving of from 25 to 30 
— — ^— per cent below the manual used by 
other companies. Thousands are 
taking advantage of this saving. 
Our premium writings for 1933 
showed a gain over 1932 of 77%. 
With assets of nearly a million 
dollars we offer economical, safe 


ibout 6510 to 

Save Money and still Be Safe 

■ A VOTE of a 

3365. practically 2 to 1. the 

members of the Iriter-State 

Milk Producers' Association made 

it known that they approve the 

policies of the management of your 

association. The results of the vote 

were announced by Thomas K 

Gain, Master appomted by the 

court, on Tuesday. June 26. just 

22 days after the votes were cast 

at the postponed annual meetmg. 

The results were as expected. 

It was generally believed that the 

Allied Dairy Farmers Association 

Penna. Threshermen and FarmeH^«a^'*tlluL'dTr„r.?e 
Mutual Casualty Insurance Cooriginally scheduled date of the 

325.33S S. .8th S,., Harrisburg. Pa. ^^^ Jresl^-^iTru'd 'JirJ-S^ 

Mail this Coupon Today »late were obtained and voted by 

Other individuals. As the average 

The Master's report to the court 
showed a total of 396 votes cast in 
person. In addition 12.669 proxies 
were presented of which 10./3V 
were finally counted. These prox- 
ies plus the individual votes total- 

Master, and 748 proxies 
counted because replies 
received to the letter, 
sented two proxies 
374 persons 
were presen 

were not 

were not 

This repre- 

from each of 

Exactly 365 proxies 

ted by non-members 


A Message From Your President 

•he directors of your asso- 

Pa. T. & F. Mutual Casualty Ins. Co., Harrisburg, Pa 
Gentlemen: I am interested in - 

Business _- 


Make of Car — 




share-holding of each member is 
about nine-tenths of one share this 
would account for practically the 
entire strength of the opposition. 

The Inter-State strength was 
shown decisively and the conten- 
tion that a gradual but positive 

Model -awing toward the association has 

been taking place was borne out by 

•■ results. Several hundred members 

had signed proxies for opposing 
aides which, we believe, also shows 


This inquiry does not obligate me in any way ^ change of attitude since last f 

~ ~ Objections Groundless 


It Contains Authentic Information 
About Your Milk Market 


You too can MAKE MORE MONEY just like Mr. 
Hayes does, (iet an Ksco Milk Cooler that pays 
for itself from the very start, (iet Lower Bacteria 






Milk Profits 

. . . The 

ABLE! ESCO (Low Cost) 
. . . because it quickly anil 
economically cools milk to 50 
degrees or below and keeps it 
cold until sliipfK'd. Thousands 
of successful dairymen are 
making; bi^Ker milk profits 
with their Esco Milk Cooler . . . 
You can do it too! Write 

ESCO Cabinet Company 

Waat Chester. Pa. 

IvSCU ('Am.Mil CO. 
West Chi'ster, I'a. 

Several individuals lodged ob- 
jections with the Master before the 
vote was announced. 1 hcse ob- 
jections took several forms. One 
was that the proxies signed by the 
members of certain locals were not 
turned over to the delegate elected 
by the local. Another unconfirmed 

mAMU R/IAKlTli objection was that reports of inti- 
UnL mUlliri midations and threats of losing 
--.,„ 11/ ij HAYI markets were used in getting prox- 
SayS W. n. "A" j^g. Another was of proxy holders 

South Carolina, of his E5 changing their minds after getting 

the proxies and this, too, was not 
sustained. These proxies were not 
obtained under definite instructions 
to be voted for the "reorganiza- 
tion" ticket as some witnesses con- 
tended. Objection was also made 
to proxies witnessed by association 

None of these objections was 
sustained by the Master. All prox- 
ies concerned under these protests 
were legal if correctly filled out 
and, therefore, were counted. 1 he 
objections were given wide public- 
ity even though not sustained nor 
even supported beyond generali- 
ties. All-in-all, the hearing did the 
association a lot of good through 
showing its substantial charactt-r 
as contrasted to the thin tissue ol 
the opposition. 

ciation have placed a 
great trust in me and a great 
responsibility upon my 
shoulders. I give you my 
word that I shall do every- 
thing in my power to fulfill 
the obligations of my office 
and to justify that trust. 

As chief executive officer of 
your association, I am asking 
for the sincere and united 
support of every member, 
regardless of opinions enter- 
tained in recent controver- 
sies. In return I extend my 
assurance that the views and 
opinions of everyone will be 
given a sincere reception by 
me. The problems of all our 
members are very similar and 
require essentially the same 
solutions. By working to- 
gether 1 firmly believe we will 
find the right answer. 

Policies and plans of the 
association will be kept in 


B. H 

Kvenmg Uullilen Photo 

president of the 

line with the needs of the Inter-Slate Milk Producers Asso- 
market. As conditions change ciation. He is also president oj the 
or as the need for changes of Franklin County Guernsey Asso- 
policy are brought to my cialion. a member of the Grange, 
attention, by members, dir- the Rotary Club, and is active in 
ectors, or employees, the other agricultural work- 
situation will be studied thor- c •_! *„ 

oughli by myself and others. Then, if found beneficial to 
the membership as a whole, every effort will be made to 

put those changes into effect. ^«„f:„.i* to 

This is a service organization and we shall contmue to 
render to all members the most effective service PO«stble 
Us also a cooperative association and -'^h yo""- c^n^"^^^^ 
cooperation and support we can make the Inter-Stat* M.Ik 
Producers' Association a greater organization than ever 
before It is our duty to continue its good work, keeping 
the Philadelphia market one of the very best in the country 
for The producer selling milk and one of the best for the 
consumer buying milk. This requires continued teamwork 
of a high order. I am sure it will be forthcoming from our 
fellow members. 

scattering proxies which bore no 
signature, or which named no one 
to vote them, or which were deliver- 
ed after date of election, or which 
were made out to joint proxy 
holders who voted opposite 
ets. Seventy-two proxies 
signed by Executors or Administra- 
tors of estates but were rejected 
because not accompanied by short 

A few split tickets were voted as 
shown by the fact that no two 
candidates received the same num- 
ber of votes. The vote as pre- 
sented to the court by the Master 
was as follows: 

For Three Year Terms 
tJohn H. Bennetch 6506.9 
tFred W. Bleiler ^^'''' '^ 
*E. M. Crowl 
fChester Gross 
♦Oliver Landis 
tA. R. Marvel 
tlvo V. Otto 

tPrederick Shangle 6546.6 
tR. 1. Tussey 6507.9 

C. C. Gingrich 3367.2 

Bruno Bobiak 3344.2 

Harry A. Rhodes 3370.2 
Stewart Senft. Sr. 3326.5 
Robert E.Atkinson 3378.3 
Robt. F. Simpson 3370.3 
W. A. Woods 3363.5 

Henry Schmidt 3361.6 
V. Ross Nicodemus 3358,4 
Lewis Bentzley I 30.8 

Artemus Stover 32.3 

For Two Year Term 

tPhilip Price 6509.5 


H. B. Shenk 



I am makitiK lans of milk a ilay. Please wnd inj* 

lion on KSCO Milk (•iM)l(r,«, lUinsil Strrilizirs and Water H» 
-alHo KRKFC Hooklet 'IIOVV TO (.KT HI(,(,KR MIUKr» 

Name....- - Address 

ed approximately 9.891 share of 


Doubtless many members will 
be interested in the reasons for re- 
jecting various proxies. Two prox- 
ies wire presented by each ol ZZU 
persons who later revoked one by 
answering the letter sent by the 

and, of course, were declared void. 
Another I 32 were voided because 
the member who signed the proxy 
voted in jMirson. In addition 342 
members signed two proxies which 
were both voted for the same 
ticket and only one of those could 
be counted. In addition there were 

For One Year Terms 

♦C.H.Joyce 6518.1 

*John S. Reisler 6481.7 

tM. L. Stitt 6495.0 

Ellis Wills 3374.3 

Hoagland Gates 3380.1 

T. R. Auker 3398.3 

New members on the Board, 
lormer members returned to Board. 

The total number of votes for 
all of the 28 candidates was 
128,406.6 of which 84,469 were 
voted for the 1 3 successful candi- 
dates. This was 64.78 percent of 
the total. The "reorganization" 
ticket received the vote of a total 
of 43,774.5 votes or 35.09 percent 
of all votes while the other two 
candidates received thirteen-hun- 
dredths of one percent of the total 
vote, or 163.1 votes. 

The vote shows an unusual rep- 
resentation of the total member- 
ship for an organization of the size 
of Inter-State with stock holdings 
in the hands of nearly 30,000 

(Continued on page 9) 

P O 





M I I. K 


Page 3 





Page 2 





We Must Work Toward Unity 


^ . ^ • r I.J.-.. C«.»4-A Annual IVIf>l^tin£f 

at Tuesday, June bth, :3ession oi iute.-v..c. ^ 

for correcting these 

in. No one has to work in thesti 
hay mow. 

"An added advantage in ct 
ping is the increased storage cap 
ity. Chopped hay takes appr 
mately 240 cubic feet per ton* 
long hay takes between 400 and' 
You can get almost twice as m 
chopped hay into your storage 

"Gettine Down to Fundamentals" 

^^"^''S By WILLIAM V^DENNiS ^^^^^^ 

Professor of Rural Sociology, P-nsylvan.a State College, a^^ ^. ^^_ ^^^^^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^ _ 

1 I .. 

you can i"H|4 "a.r 




I DO NOT RISE to discuss thcsc 
addresses. I did not intend to 
come into the meeting today 
but, in the early hours of this 
morning I reviewed the fine meet 


conditions. , 

There was a reference made 
here yesterday to one of the milk 
firms. I happen to have had 

--^^^^^^ Err:^r.i';^:^^t 

to me that someone in my situation 
should make an effort to respond 

to it. 

1 can only speak in a very 
fiumble way. not with the hne 
oratory of yesterday and it may 
be with effort 1 get across what 1 
want to convey. 1 belong to a 
group or denomination who should 
only speak when they have a con- 
cern— the Society of Friends. Now. 
I *did not come to preach to you. 

' 1 feel that our officers m the past 
year, and it was apparent yester- 
day, have given evidence of a hne 
piece of work. 1 know we were all 
captivated by the "Master . and 
the way he conducted the election 
yesterday. 1 think we all felt 
confident that whatever was done 
would be the right thing. 

I want to say that my name has 
been identified with the dairy in- 
dustry for a century or more. 1 
feel the name of Sharpless has been 
lifted high in the dairy industry, 
and I hope that anything 1 can do 
will help to elevate the industry, 
and any little thing 1 can do will be 
willingly done. 

1 feel that there are some things 
that have come out lately that are 
a very direct challenge to us of the 
Inter-State. When members of 
our organization elect officers, and 
they go forward to do their duties 
and are subjected to some of the 
things they have been subjected to 
in the past year. 1 feel personally it 
is a direct slap at me. and 1 think 
most of us do. We cannot have 
those men go forward into public 
work and be subjected to slander- 
ous statements and experiences 
that 1 feel and I know you feel are 
personally unjust. 

I don't know how to correct it. 
but 1 want personally to go on 
record as one who at least shows 

seventeen or eighteen years and 1 
think 1 can truthfully say wc have 
always received our money when 
it was due, and found it a satis- 
factory market. That particular 
concern is a cooperative concern, 
if you please, and when the strike 
was on this last year they went 
through with flying colors. 

Now I say this in their defense, 
that these things will embarrass 
and hurt you if they are not cor- 

1 would like to say a word about 

are making for life and growth. We 
may be called selfish in our meth- 
ods if you call it selfish to urge 
more people to buy our products. 
It is the sensible thing to do. We 
don't have to go home to dry. 
burnt up farms, like our unfortu- 
nate fellows in the western areas. 
We can go home to fine, fertile, 
producing farms, with our markets 
at our door, and if we cannot re- 
spond 100% to the cooperative 
spirit in the community, 1 feel we 
have missed an opportunity. Our 
farms may be covered with mort- 
gages as well as with crops but we 
can work that mortgage off. But 
wc cannot control the weather 
that brings the green crops. I 
want to congratulate us on the 

FTER I HAD been sitting for 

hours in your long meeting 

vesterday. 1 began to think 




you can i"i.s .-".r- t-i— ,_ ggion this morning 

is relished by animals and they »[ Jf , occurring to my mind 

not waste the coarser portiom JJ^'^'^,;^^^ from Rudyard Kipling s 


with long hay. By raking 
chopped hay off the side of thee 
the early and late cuttings 
mixed so that the feed is of i 
form quality throughout the (e 
ing period. This is important 
avoiding production slumps dut 
abrupt changes in hay quality 

Many of the same advanti "i°" 
are also suggested by J. B. my text 
Dickey of Pennsylvania State! 
lege. Professor Dickey states t 
the labor cost of storing hay in- 
manner is reduced but total cc 

-The tumult and the shouting dies 
The Captains and the k.ngs depart. 
St n stands thine ancient sacrifice 
?n humble and a contnte heart ^,^^,^^ 

If 1 

were worthy to preach a ser- 
1 should take these lines for 

Officers of the Inter-State Milk Producer* A..ociation 

(L.ft to «,.t«l) B. H. W.lty, ; A. R. M.rv.l. Vic. 
,» J. xc u Twinin. Tr...ur*rt F P. (Daddy) WillU», AMi»t«nt Treasurer! 
<^'""l!r!>. AlU Jcr.lrt. mX";;;,' I R.lph Z^ll-r., Ex.cutiv. S-cr-^-ry 

Yo^hardly need to be reminded 
that we are in the midst of very 
Scu^t%imes. 1 should not re er 

to it. perhaps, if it were not that it 
,, 1 "c has a very defimte bearing upon 
are about the same. He also of .^^ ^^^^ ^^^ of immediate 

the warning that the hay must P' pressing concern to you. 1 he 
as thoroughly cured when stc ^^^^jj^j^ ^\^^^ the present hour, and 

how to face it, is our first and most 

vital problem. Friends. I ask you^ 
very earnestly, ran we face the 

""Vshall omit the dark and sombre 
details of the twilight that has 
settled over Western civilization. 
Prophets of doom are numerous 
and persistent. Without knowing 
why we realize that things are 
different now. By the impact of a 
multitude of changes we have been 
torn loose from the old standards 
and ideals. But in spite of all the 
hideous evidence of world wide dis- 
organization, in spite of the appar- 
ent hopelessness gripping the souls 
of men, 1 insist that we do not have 
to go down to defeat. 1 here is a 

way out. 

The way out into a better to- 
morrow lies along the path of uni- 
ted action. Whatever tomorrow 
may be. if it is to be a period worth 
living in, it must be motivated by a 
spirit of mutual good will and mu- 
tual aid. 

Most co-operative effort in tic 
United States has been devo ed to 
and is still being exerted in behalf 
.f tlu- machinery of co-operation. 
We have been primarily concerneu 
with the problems incident to 
organization, maintenance and ac- 
tivity. In recent years the more 
successful co-oF>erative associations 
among farmers have made good 
use of the principles of co-operation 

as applied to business management 
and administration. But the third, 
and vital factor from the stand- 
point of the long view, has been 
considered very little and some- 
times not at all. To one acquainted 

with the history of American agrr 
culture this emphasis on machinery 
and this ignoring of the dynarn c 
factor of co-operation 18 at least 
''^ i L...„^..Mo Farming with us 
r/aTlee^-and still IS. a highly co^^^^^ 

pctitive industry. ^^l^^*'°" ^,^ 
cording to our practices is to be 
won by financial success: we have 
TeTsed to stress salvation by char- 

''''inthis competitive struggle the 
lone farmer discovered that he was 

becoming increasingly ^dples- Or- 
ganized forces in transportation^ 
industry, commerce and banking 
were r^o^e than he could cope with 

this way as if stored in the regt 

manner. vrtal problem 

One of the dangerous ideas b ""■ *^ ..i 

by some about cut hay is tha; 

can be put into the mow in gret 

condition than long hay and s 

come out in good shape becaust 

packs so tightly that air cani 

enter to cause spoilage. ^l 

spontaneous combustion may ; 

be so likely to break out in : 

case of cut hay and cause a destr 

tive fire, several cases are on rec 

where fires in cut hay were f 

vented only by prompt action. i 

one barn has the paint badly I 

tered on the siding of the re 

where cut hay was stored. Theo: 

safe rule. Professor Dickey »J 

is to have the hay dry enough to 

perfectly safe for storage either: 

or long. 

In blowing the hay into the mt 
it is recommended by Prof« 
Dickey that no one enter the m 
until the hay is settled, but that: 
hay be kept level by changing : 
direction of the blower spout evt 
few loads. 

the press. As humble farm tillers 
of the soil, we feel sometimes that 
we don't get a fair deal from the 
press. Because when we go home 
and read in the paper the things 
that have been said and done at 
the meetings, we cannot recognize 

record as one wno at icaai auuwo '■"^ ...^^....^-. - ~ 

sympathy with the situation. That the things that have been said at 
•yiiipaiiij' "V .„»„„„ Ux, wKaf we read in 

is the least we can do. In the past 
year we have been subjected to a 
great deal of hammering. But. I 
suppose, just as iron and steel is no 
good until it is hammered, neither 
are we. But may we be stronger 
and better for it. May we show a 
willingness to clean out the weak 
places and the brush, and go for- 
ward to a stronger organization. 

1 feel as 1 do because of what our 
president and secretary and our ex- 
treasurer have been subjected to 
especially. It behooves each one of 
us to go out of our way to correct 
these conditions. 1 challenge each 
one of you. that if you will make 
an unbiased study of them, you 
will come to the same conclusion 1 
have, viz: that in the majority of 
cases the criticisms have been un- 
justifiable, and there have been 
not many cases where it has been 
justified. 1 don't want to bring 
that up. but I feel it behooves some 
of us to hold ourselves personally 

the meetings by what we read in 
the papers. Now for our sakes. we 
appeal to you. gentlemen of the 
press, to do everything you can to 
give us a fair deal. 

1 would like to say this about 
Mr. Fox. He told me yesterday he 
had the interests of the Inter-State 
at heart. I don't know how our 
election is coming out. but 1 feel 
that with the powers of Mr. Fox, 
if he will turn his efforts, as he says 
he intends to do. to uplifting our 
organization, it would be a good 
thing for all. He says he has no 
financial interest, therefore he has 
everything to gain and nothing to 
lose by doing so. 

Fellow producers, 1 feel that we 
are engaged in the most honorable 
business there is in this world. We 
don't have to grab business from 
somebody else. If we go home and 
produce safe, sanitary food and 
milk for invalids and growing 
c'lildren, what are we doing? We 

two wonderful addresses we have 
heard this morning and thank you 
for your attention. 

Chop Cured Hay 

To Save Time and 

Storage Space 

The practice of chopping cured 
hay at the barn and blowing it into 
the mow instead of storing it in the 
form of long hay is becoming quite 
common, according to W. C. Krue- 
ger. extension agricultural engineer 
at the State Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. Rutgers University. 
"Dairymen who have tried this 
method." Mr. Krueger explains 
"favor it because it does away with 
the chore of spreading the hay in 
oven-like mows, it saves the time 
of at least one man, and in the 
winter, it saves the three-times-a- 
day job of tearing the tangled mat- 
ted hay out of the mow and lugging 
it down hay chutes and feed alleys. 
"In ordinary practice the hay is 
cut, cured and loaded as usual. 1 he 
load is hauled to the barn, the team 
is unhitched and takes an empty 
wagon to the field. In the mean- 
time, one man on the load puts the 
hay through the chopper while the 
second wagon is loaded and brought 

Many Farm Homes 

Have Electrici 

'Almost one-third of the fa 
homes in Pennsylvania now hs 
electricity and many of the advi 
tages it brings, according to : 
State Department of Agricultur 
The total number of farms el( 
trified increased from 23.334 
1924 to 55.630 on January t. I'' 
This movement has been grea 
aided by close cooperation of St< 
agencies, utility companies, a 
farm property owners. A Jo 
committee on rural electrihcati 
has been functioning in the btJ 
for the past eight years. 

Delaware county leads in P 
portion of farms having electric 
with about 80 percent, followed 
Montgomery and Philadelpf 
counties. Bucks, Chester, A. 
gheny. Lehigh, Frie and Lancaj 
counties each have about one-k 
their farms equipped with elect 

Ask Yourself Again 

"How successful would our»* 

ciation be 

If every member worked 1 

like me>" 

Secure United Action 

United action may be secured in 
at least two ways: by compulsion 
from without, and by inner corn- 
pulsions arising within the individ- 
ual from factors based on under- 
standing and sympathy. The first 
way is that of dictatorship. 

Some form of control for the 
general welfare seems absolutely 
inevitable. 1 am convinced that 
the magnitude of our activities 
and our problems, the baffhng 
complexitv of modern civilization, 
the unavoidable interdepend-.-nce 
of social groups, of states and even 
of nations, require a planned con- 
trol. The other alternative ^s 
disintegration, chaos, and the col- 
lapse of Western civilization. 1 he 
prospect must be faced. Our 
choice must be made. 

By all odds the freest and hap- 
piest road is that of co-operative 
endeavor motivated from within 
and guided by principles that lead 
to stability and satisfaction. Co- 
operative endeavor has three im- 
portant aspects: The first of these 
is machinery (organization): the 
second deals with the principles of 
co-operation; and the third is the 
co-operating spirit, which is the 
real dynamic of true co-operation. 

Your New Officers 

Most riders of the REVIEW will b. «'"''vjnt.r.sud now in the list of new director, and the officers 
right now j j^ associa- 

t'-^iVnrirorrof^ie:^ a--. -" — 

r of th: rrtive co„.ittee are listed here for , our 
information. We suggest that you chp h.s out and 

save it for future reference. Better •'■"• ''•'P '^ 

_-, «f tUt- hiffh points or 
entire issue. It contains some of the p 

the addresses at the annual meeting. 

B. H. Welty, President 

K R Marvel. Vice-President 

f.- Ralph Zolkrs. Executive Secretary 

F M Twining, Treasurer 

F^ank P Willits, Assistant Treasurer 

H. D. AUebach, Sales Manager 

H D. AUebach. Trappe. Montgonriery Co., Pa. 
S.' K. Andrews, Hurlock, Dorchester Co Md- ^^ 

tJohn H. Bennetch, Sheridan, K. l, ^eoan 
Fred W. Bleiler. New Tripol.. Leh^jh C^^ 

Ira J. Book, Strasburg, R. 1- J;""*^"^* p.' 

1e' M. Crow, Oxford R. 4 Cheste^CoP^^ ^^, 

H. W. Cook, Elkton, R- 2. ^d., iNew 
E H. Donovan, Smyrna, K.U.,is.eriiv, , 
*CH Joyce, Medford, Burlington Com N. J^ 
iChrster H. Gross, Manchester, York Co., Pa. 
iw Keith. CenterviUe. Queen Annes Co., Md. 
ibUver C. Landis, Perkasie Bucks C^ Pa. 
+ A R Marvel. Easton, Talbot t.o.. ma. 
^vV-Mp^nhall Downingtown Chest Co. Pa. 

Ijohn S. Reisler, Nottingham, R. 3, Pa.. Cecil ^ 
Albert Sarig, BoY'^T ton r' D Mercer Co., N. J. 
iT-t^Sr'^St^e^wTr!^^^^^^^^^^ ^- ^- 

tM L. Stitt. Spruce Hill, {-.^^[^l^^^Zco. Md. 
John Carvel Sutton, KennedyvilUsKe^^^^ 
«; II Troutman, Bedford, K. £., °***', , ^ p„ 
m I. TusseT. Hollidaysburg, R- 3, Blair Co Pa. 
A B Waddington, Woodstown. Salem Co N. J. 
B. H. Welty. Waynesboro. Franklin Co., Pa. 
F. P. WiUits, Ward. Delaware Co., Ka. 

'Elected Juno 4. 19.«4 
lEIccted June *. \9M 

fir»t wrvice on board 
returned to board 

B. H. Welty, Chairman 








Wm. Mendenhall 

Ivo V. Otto 
Frederick Shangle 
R. I. Tussey 
Frank P. WilUts 

alone. As a last resort, very often 
with extreme reluctance and men- 
tal reservations, farmers organized 
co-operative associations. I hat is. 
they set up the machine^ry of ^suc^h 

organizaii""a. . — - . , 

Mickle Williams has so aptly said, 
farmers have come aboard a co- 
operative as if it were a train and 
they are expecting it to carry them 
to the destination, greater profits, 
without any effort on their part. 
They chafe at delays along the way. 
and in their impatience and ignor- 
ance they charge engineers and 
conductors with incompetence and 
dishonesty. Farmers are still un- 
prepared to undertake successfully 
this venture in what is for thenri a 
radically new method of thinking 
and acting. Emphasis must be 
shifted from mere personal achieve- 
rnent to action for the greatest good 
to the greatest number. 

We must now think in terms of 
men of families, of human needs. 
In organizing co-operatives we 
have computed strength in terms 
of bushels of apples, baskets of 
mushrooms, cases of ^fs or in 
number of cows. In milk coopera- 
tives, leaders have focused attention 

almost exclusively upon market 
control, production control, quahty 

control: in terms of n^^^l^^Y.-nd 
rules, of regulations, and of stand- 
ards Vital considerations every 
:ne of them! but back of all these, 
inextricably tied up with every one. 
are men. women, children; are hu- 
man desires, needs. P-'oblems; hu- 
man attitudes the very forces that 
Xmately make or break every so- 
cial organization of mankind. Uur 
constitutions and bylaws say very 
little indeed about any of them. 
The administration of our co- 
operative associations appears to 
d^l with these human factors bu 
slightly, and at a distance. But 
Is men who make these associa- 
tions. And in the final --lys s it 
is what these men tHmk what they 
feel and what they do that deter- 
mines the collapse or the victorious 
advancement of every co-operative 

endeavor. , _ 

Essential as they are. there is no 

in rules and 

real binding power ... - 
regulations. Cash returns w.U 
never serve to cement '"to an or- 
ganic whole the human units of a 
co-operative association. The cords 
that unite men are not woven of 
material strands, The v.ta izm^^ 
dynamic factor in .'^o-operation s 
the co-operating spirit. What this 
is 1 can make clear by a briet 

A Four Square Spirit 
This co-operating spirit which 
serves as a dynamic to drive, move 
and bind men is four square I 
has four characteristics that I call 
the four C/s of co-operation 1 he 
first of these is Comradeship 
Co operation is not an individual 
matter. We need the other fellows 
to carry it on. and they need us. 
It is a shoulder to shoulder affair. 
But it grows slowly, and without 
support it can never go far. 1 he 
Inter-State Milk Producers Asso- 

(Continued on pag* ' ') 







Page 4 



Official Organ of the 
Inter-Stkte Milk Producers' Association, Inc. 

H. E. Jamison, Kditor and Business Manager 

Blizabcth Mc G. Graham. Rilitor 

Home and Community Department 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
Producers Association. Inc. 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

235 E. Gay St.. West Chester. Pa. 

(Addreu all correspondence to Philadelphia office) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

Bell Phones. Locust 5391 Locust 5392 

Keystone Phone. Race 5344 

Printed by Horace F. Temple. Inc. 
West Chester, Pa. 


50 cents ■ year in advance 

Advertising rates on application 

"Entered as second-class matter. June 3. 1920. 
at the post office at West Chester. Pennsylvania 
under the Act of March 3, 1879. " 

Is Nature's Way Best? 

Much criticism has been directed 
toward the A. A. A. because of its 
crop reduction program, the critics 
pointing out in most cases tliat 
Nature has done a much more 
effective job through the drought. 
Nature has done just that and the 
farmer had nothing to say about it. 

Without entering into the merits 
or demerits of the various A. A. A. 
programs we must admit that its 
plan is much less harsh on the 
individual than is Nature's way. 
Nature seems to ignore equal treat- 
ment to all. She strikes ruthlessly 
against some, p>ermitting others to 
benefit from the misfortune of those 
who lose a large part, or all, of 
their crops through drought, or 
flood, or hail. 

If crop control is needed we 
would choose ours on a planned 
basis whereby everyone would, or 
could, share equally and if penal- 
ties must be inflicted, be penalized 
equally. We would certainly hate 
to be one of the unfortunates to lose 
all, or one-half, or even one-fourth, 
of our crop with no indemnity 
except possibly a slightly higher 
price for what is left. Under the 
A. A. A. plan the farmer who might 
suffer from the ravages of Nature 
would get at least some return for 
his voluntary reduction. 

Receiving New Ideas 

William Feather, writing in the 
Philadelphia Inquirer under the 
heading "A Business Man's Philo- 
sophy," says in part: 

"The men are uncommon who 
really try to solve problems, who 
surrender themselves to the truth, 
hear all the evidence and apply 
scientific analysis to it. 

"What a lot of time is wasted 
when, instead of using our heads 
and analyzing a problem, we launch 
into an impassioned argument to 
prove that our first guess was right! 

"Not only is time wasted, but 
blunders are perpetuated by this 
lack of open-mindedness. 

"For instance, a change in meth- 
ods is suggested. Immediately, all 
the fathers, foster-fathers, god- 
fathers and step-fathers of the old 
method rush to its defnese, like a 


mother protecting an erratic son. 

"No one stops to think or to 

In many cases this is not only 
true of those in control but even 
more so of those who are trying to 
gain control of an organization, 
who would like to run a business 
from outside, and those who take 
delisht in criticizing the manage- 

All too often such persons de- 
velop, or copy, an idea that seems 
plausible. They feel that it should 
be put into effect without further 
ado. If the management does not 
accede to their wishes the manage- 
ment is accused of sidetracking all 
new ideas. 

It does not occur to them that 
perhaps the management has con- 
sidered the self-same proposal and 
after thorough study was forced to 
reject it because other factors, un- 
known to outsiders, would make it 

unworkable or at least impractica'- 
We are inclined to believe tha* 
much of the recent criticism direct- 
ed against the management of the 
Inter-State was impractical and 
the product of inexjjerienced minds. 
Some ideas possessed a degree of 
merit but, almost without excep- 
tion, they needed extensive revision 
because of practical or legal diffi- 
culties standmg m the way ot the 
original idea. When such proposals 
may be finally adopted many of 
them will be practically unrecog- 
nizable because of these needed 

The management has the re- 
sponsibility of serving its members 
to the advantage of the majority. 
This demands a conservative atti- 
tude, open-minded to new ideas, 
but rightly critical of them and 
investigating them carefully, chang- 
ing them if and where needed, be- 
fore adopting them. 

An Unconscious Censorship 

We have had many inquiries 
from members as to the reasons for 
unfavorable publicity received by 
the Inter-State Milk Producers' 
Association. The concensus of 
opinion has been that the news- 
papers have been unfair to this 
association. We agree with those 
members. Fair and constructive 
newspaper treatment of association 
affairs has been obtained altogether 
too infrequently. 

Perhaps we have been partly to 
blame for not being sufficiently ag- 
gressive, also for not giving them 
the kind of news they wanted to 
emphasize. It ap|M.-ared to us 
many times that most newspapers 
wanted to play up the charges and 
implications against the established 
order. We felt that we would lose 
public respect to hand out material 
of such low character. Time, we 
believed, would prove us right and 
we would win. 

With certain exceptions we be- 
lieve this news treatment by the 
newspap)ers was unintentional, rath- 
er it was done unwittingly. It was 
the result of an unconscious, self- 
imposed censorship. We will let 
Bruce Bliven, editor of the New 
Republic, explain how such censor- 
ship occurs, adding that perhaps 
we are guilty of it ourselves and we 
believe almost every newspaper and 
magazine in America is so affected 
in some degree. Mr. Bliven writes, 
in part, on "Shadow of the Censor " 
in Quill, a magazine for journalists: 
"Even in time of peace, there are 
still at least three important cen- 
sorships at work in the press. Let 
me list them; 

"I. Censorship of the audience. 
No editor, broadly speaking, can 
afford to say things to which his 
readers will take violent exception. 
If he docs, they'll stop reading and 
there won't be any paper, or any 
editor. This applies to papers of all 
possible views radical, conserva- 
tive and middle-of-the-road. 

"2. Censorship through one'seco- 
nomic position. Papers are run to 
make money; if they don't at least 
make expenses, they have to quit. 
No paper, therefore, can afford to 
quarrel with its bread and butter. 
This doesn't necessarily mean cen- 
sorship by any one advertiser, or 
group of advertisers. It does mean 
that the public interest, and that 

alone, can't possibly be paramount 
all of the time. 

"3. Self-censorship. Strongest of 
all are the restraints all of us un- 
consciously impose upon ourselves, 
the work of the invisible censor who 
sits in the brain and tells us 'what 
isn't going to be popular,' 'what 
will make trouble,' 'what our read- 
ers (or advertisers, or owners) won't 
like.' For effectiveness, I would 
trade this one for all other censor- 
ships combined, and feel I had 
made a good bargain." 

In fairness to the Philadelphia 
newspapers we want to say that 
they arose to the occasion when the 
results of your association's election 
were announced. I his was a piece 
of thumping good news and they 
handled it fairly and well. 

New T. B. Regulations 

New regulations have been de- 
veloped for the campaign to eradi- 
cate bovine tuberculosis from dairy 
herds. This has been caused by 
the expansion of the work under 
the dairy adjustment program. 

The new program permits states 
to take part in the eradication work 
regardless of whether they spend 
state funds to help defray costs. 
Maximum indemnity from Federal 
funds will be $20 a head for grade 
cattle and $50 for purebreds. 

Among the new provisions are: 

Cattle affected with tuberculosis 
are to be appraised by a represen- 
tative of the Federal Bureau, and 
a cooperating representative of the 
state, territory, county, or munici- 

All tuberculous cattle shall be 
destroyed within thirty days after 
appraisal, except in special cases. 

No compensation will be paid 
to any owner of tuberculous cattle 
whose entire herd is not under 
Federal and state supervision. 


A ladies coat in Broadwood Ho- 
tel Ballroom after the Inter-State 
meeting on June 4th. The coat is 
being held at the Broadwood Motel 
for a reasonable time until claimed. 
It will be returned to its owner 
upon furnishing proper identifica- 
tion together with name and ad- 

Doing a Better Jol 

The good dairymen appear* 
doing a better job of prod' 
milk now than during tht 
depression period. This impn 
is supported by a study o 
annual report of three southe; 
Pennsylvania dairy herd imp 
ment associations. By doi 
better job is meant gettinj; 
milk and buttertat per co 

%, 1934 



Page 5 

r 19?1 w I J. 9^ 

Looking Ahead In The Dairy Industry 

New Jersey State Secretary of Agriculture, at Seventeeth Annual Meeting 





doing it economically undJ a very pecuhar situation, 
verse conditions. * the fust place we have a 

Reports of the two associott confused picture as a basis 
in Bucks county and one in V making any predictions as to 
gomcry County all show theljc future. . 

number of cows on test in tl»l think the dairy industry, as we 
tory of the associations. Tok ahead, is going to be a more 
them show the highest butkd more specialized industry, we 
average ever attained and the-ve in New Jersey a Sreat^^a^jy 
shows a production only five ptrds of cattle that arc s 
less than the highest average imber and produce a small quan- 

Two primary causes are :y of milk for each tarm i ne 
under reasons for disposing oindency in health regulations 
during the year. They artems to be to make the '.nd"«t/y 
production and diseased condiore and more a specialized m- 

„^ir,„ to l,p in the future, 1 believe, 
whetlier we like or not, fewer units 
engaged in the industry of produc- 
ing milk. The man who is un- 
sanitary in his methods will find it 
impossible to survive. 

There is a determined idea ex- 
pressed from Washington that there- 
is too much spread, too much 
profit involved in distribution and 
too little return to the producer; 
too much cost to the consumer. 
We have carefully analyzed statis- 
tics dealing with that situation, 
and we know what distributors in 
our state are doing, and therefore. 

production and diseased condiore and more a spci-iai.*.^- ... "", ' „ _ gge, there is no 

L latter including sterility, *.try, and the man who succeeds - -^-^-^^in milk distribu- 
trouble, abortion, and tubera the f"^."- ,"'" • 'Xs^rv His " n « this time. But whether we 
in the order named. ecialist in that industry. t^is 

These milk producers obvi^erations must be large enough 
are attacking the depressior enable him to make enough in- 
home. They keep their good cine to keep abreast with those 
selling off the poor produceigulations. „„„J 

diseased cows, and managtThe dairy business is a good 
herds on a business-like basis, winess to be in, because the out- 
can do this because they have^k is for an /'P^^'-^ . ^""^"^^ " 
records and facts upon wh.cices. 1 think the situation has in 
base their operations. many conditions which we may 

Incidentally, a glance over.t comprehend "."^^^ut which 
list of those herd improvement will comprehend ater. We are 
sociation members whose b close m, we don t know what we 
averaged more than 300 pounce doing. There is « q"^^* °n " 
butterfat for the year just cky mind whether we ^^ve^ in he 
reveals the names of many pr-te authorities price regulation 
1 . I . *i. . -Mrds etc., sufficient brains to 

ncnt and active Inter-btate n)»«'"='' ^'■^■: ^ . ■ ^ f^^^oB 

, -event setting into motion forces 

■ hich will react against us and 

ake the situation worse 

tion at this time. But whether we 
like it or not. 1 believe we shall be 
forced to modify our milk distri- 
bution in the future. 1 think there 
will have to be a reduction in the 
cost of distribution, and in that 
reduction the public will have to 
give its co-operation, to the end 
that everybody in the cities can 
have milk delivered at the doorstep 
every morning. 
Continued Regulation Effected 

much of its self-determination and 

•I ..I :> »/-. t\u- flir- 

wiU necessaiu> au.^....v >- - 

tates of the agency. Federal or 
State, set up for that purpose. 

There is one thing that a con- 
trolled industry can do to its own 
interest, and that is to see that the 
regulatory body is fair, unbiased, 
non-political and prepared to oF>cr- 
ate on fact and not on prejudice. 

It should be clearly understo<,d 
that milk control boards and co- 
operative organizations can and 
should exist, side by side, and each 
contribute to the industry. t is 
unfortunate that there has been 
created in certain quarters a feeling 
that a co-operative association and 
a state control board are competi- 
tors in the same field. It may be 
that some co-operatives arc stand- 
ing aside or determined to exist 
under the same methods as prevail- 
ed prior to government regu ation 
until the storm of such regulation 
blows over. It is as likely as not 
that this is a fallacious attitude. 

It would seem that the milk con- 
trol board can and should establish 
a base to be used as a take-off for 
the industry. Operating on that 
base, the co-operative association 
should be able to build up an im 

As we look to the future, we are 

faced with the fact that the milk snou.u '^ "7f ^ J^^ -^aJstry and 

industry has recently come under proved «»^t"« J^J constructive dir- 

government regulation such as has operate '"--^"yXe association, 

been applied to no other food pro- ect.ons. A ^o ope a v 

duct. Not only has milk and its ^^/^^'^f^/i'^^r^^^, ^f.^^^ we^ 

ake the situation worse products ^^ made ^bas-c com- --the^d^r^a^^ _^ 

I Hate a Kicker, But I am not talking very fjwor^^^^ -°tr "t .'ttT^^^^^^^^^^ ' ' " "' "'" 

the future, and the dealer who 
realizes the changed position in 
which he now finds himselt as coni- 
pared to a year ago, and who will 
look to other familiar fields tor 
guidance, such as the public utili- 
ties will continue. T here has been 
a great deal said about the dealer 
being a public servant and some 
dealers have used this expression 
rather loosely. The thinking public 
has recognized that a new deal has 
taken F>lace in the dairy industry, 
and while those in the industry who 
seem to recognize it are discourag- 
ingly few, it is a fact nevertheless. 
In presenting these remarks to 
you 1 have talked more from the 
position as chairman of our state 
milk control board than as Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, but 1 have tried 
to give you our concept of the du- 
ties of the milk control board. It is 
my hope that we can continue to 
work as co-operatively with the 
Inter-State Milk Producers Asso- 
ciation and the Dairy Council as 
we have in the past, because we are 
on common ground, and we have in 
our own hands the solution of the 
problems that now face the dairy 

Farm Price Index Rises 

Ihc (arm price index, at 77 for 
June 15, was the highest since 
July I'HI. according to the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics. The 
ratio of farm prices to prices farm- 

ake the situation worse ,,.v,^^^.- .- Aaricultural Ad- by control boards, ii n uh^."--- - ratio oi larm p..^« .- k-— - ■-- 

I am not talking very favorably modity ""^"t but a number of accordance with the present-day ^^^ p,y .j need two points to an 

. you about milk control boards justment ^ct. but a number j^^^, ^^j knowledge. Itcanusethe i^dex of 65. the highest since May 

It you know they are children of ^tes ^ave set^ up^MjlkJo^njm^ Uc^t^ ^.^^y^hed by the control ,93 ,. ^^cept for July and August 

board to reassert bargaining power 

for producers. If this sort of pro 

I always^long^or^peace, it you know they are cmiaren o' JJ^^^^;;;; Vg^u'lalion of the indus 

But th^ wheel that does the squ-J --/^f ' f ^n'lntr a'll rXe tr^ In looking ahead to determine 
'"^ lat it is very dangerous to depend 

Is the one, that gets the greast'""^ " •" 'r -' r • 1 . :f »Uo» 
V » 11 • \ I • „i regulation of industry, it that 

You tell em kid you re pcac* '^s"'"^ " . Z ■ ir 

I . . 1 J . 1 dustrv IS to continue to be seli- 

and not too hard to please; ""»>^'J' " (t:^;.A wlw» 

ij . .1 1 ..1 »• 1 4itainine. I am one otticial wno 

But the dog that s always scrat**.'"'"'"*' , • • ;,„ „,„« 

siieves that regulation in its pres- 

I '!l^ .1 » I .1 fl It form can continue indefinitely 

Is the one that has the Heas. " '""" ^° , N,-«w 

•II . f r. J id do an industry no good, now- 

I he art of soft soap spreading ^" "" " ^ ^ ^^1 „„,„ 

I I • I II I . 1 /er we are seeing more and more 

Is a thing that palls and stales/*'^; ^.^ '^^'^ l .1 1 „„ 
1} . .1 .1 , I 1 ,1 1 „-aulation, rather than less, 

liut tlie guy that wieids the liamr*"*""^ 

Is the one that drives the nails \ Limit to Control 

Let us not put any notions „ 1 i„„,^,;„r, r>f 

-ri » u f 1 ■ u ,J Some time ago a delegation 01 

1 hat are harmful in your head "^ . * i ._ 

u » .u I I .1 .1 ii;„^a ers came in to see us, and at- 

But the baby that keeps yellinr .1.11 » ..„ r^^m anrl 
I a II a » . r J '.mpted to load onto us more and 

Is the baby that gets ted. ' , . j . 1 i „r,^,..tina the 

•' * ., lOre of the detail of operating tne 

Cooperative ^ft jj^ industry. I told them there 

as one point we would not take 

Kit ik/t'ii I • - n. and that was the color of the 

More Milk Licenses ^^^^ ^,^^^ p^„^ ^^^^ ^i,k ^agon. 

.Secretary of Agriculture H«t^ jg unsound, ladies and gentle- 
A. Wallace signed eleven Fedf|^n, to attempt to load on to a 
Ik marketing licenses on Jj^ontrol board the regulation of the 


30, all effective on July I. Th^Jlk industry. 1 don't want to 
covered the markets of Alamftress that over-much, but 1 think 
County, California; Fort Way- jg ^ challenge to you as members 
Indiana; and Ann Arbor, B{ t^ig organization, to develop 
City, Battle Creek, Flint, KalaHfom whatever regulations can be 
zoo, Grand Rapids. Muskeg^t up by the control board a 
Port Huron and Saginaw, Michig4efinite standard, and start out 

On the same date the Secrettjy using, as 1 say, the base already 
amended the Chicago license grai»tablished as a base from which to 
ing a 23 cent per hundred incresaegin. 
on the Class I price to produce There are also many producers 
raising this price to $2.25 per luiwho are letting down in the meth- 
dred pounds of 3.5 percent milkxis of production. There is the 
'. producer who feels that he can let 

Poker is a game of chance, 1^*°^" ^"^jhat business is going to 
a scrub bull at the head of a daj^'"^. ^°^"" .through the control 
herd is even a greater chance. ^^'^- That is a fallacy. There is 

try. In looking ahead to determine 
the future status of regulation 1 
think we can safely assume that 
some form of regulation will con- 
tinue No doubt some of the pres- 
ent phases which are necessarily 
and frankly experimental will be 
discontinued, but for the imme- 
diate future at least the industry 
has apparently passed over to 
government control the regulation 
that was formerly carried on by the 
industry itself. 

1 can observe no tendency on the 
part of leaders in the industry to 
ask that regulation be relinquished 
or lessened by the state in order 
that this regulation may be re- 
assumed by those who formerly 
held it. Assuming then for the im- 
mediate future continued govern- 
mental control, all those concerned 
with the industry should recognize 
certain implications. Public de- 
mand of an insistent nature regis- 
tered with a state regulatory body 
is always effective. Dealers might 
as well recognize that some cheaper 
method of distribution must be 
found than now prevails. 

Not a Simple Matter 

Recognition must be given to the 

cedure is not adopted, the industry 
will be forever dependent upon 
state regulatory bodies for its exis- 
tence, and to one who does not 
believe in regimentation, but rather 
in the ability of the individual to 
work with his neighbors toward 
mutual advancement, the latter 
prospect isnot particularly cheering. 

Fundamentals Are Same 

Let me point out to you as clearly 
as 1 can that the fundamentals ot 
success in dairying are the same as 
they have always been. 1 his ap- 
plies both to the producer and the 
dealer If we are to look ahead to a 
time when all dependence is put on 
regulatory bodies created by legis- 
lature, the dairy industry will cease 
to progress in many respects. If ttie 
producerexpectsmilkcontrol boards 

to see that his methods, no matter 
how slovenly, are to be compensat- 
ed for with so-called cost-of-pro- 
duction return, he will find nothing 

1931. except for July and August 
1933 Higher prices of cotton, 
grain, apples, hogs and hay raised 
the index 3 points during the 
month, and the figure is 13 points 
above that of June last year. 

Sharp increases in prices at local 
farm markets were restricted large- 
ly to food and feed crops. Prices ot 
potatoes, cottonseed, cattle, calves, 
sheep, lamb, wool, and work ani- 
mals declined. There were no 
significant increases in prices re- 
ceived by farmers for dairy pro- 
ducts. . , ■ J f 
For the month, the index ot 
grains was u)) I I points; cotton and 
cottonseed, up 4 points; fruits and 
vegetables, up 3 points; meat ani- 
mals, up 1 point. Compared with 
a year ago, the index of fruits and 
vegetables was up 34 points; grains, 
up 36 points; cotton and cotton- 
seed, up 25 points; dairy products, 
up il points; chickens and eggs, 
up 14 points. 

Course for Testers 

A 2-day course in testing dairy 

taken. Success for the producer 
depends upon the age-old concepts 

j<^rv:ae-^r.s ^^^^,:f±-j=t 

industry will not be settled by ad 
justing prices to producers and at 
resale by one or more cents as oc- 
casion seems to demand. An in- 
dustry that passes over to govern- 
ment regulation will expect.tojose 

No matter what tyF>es of govern- 
ment control may exist in tin- fu- 
ture, or even if none exists, the 
efficient producer who studies his 
business will survive. Some form of 
distribution will have to prevail in 

the Pennsylvania State College, 
beginning at 9 o'clock Tuesday 
morning, July 17, Professor W, D. 
Swope announces. 

.Sales of farm machinery during 
the first quarter of 1934 were about 
three times greater than for the 
same period in 1933. 




Page 7 


|. R () I) U C K R S R K V I F W 

Page 6 


July, b 

\y, 19."^4 

Home and Community 



fiUxat>eth lAcG. Gxaham, Bditoir 

Canning Budget 



He serves his country best 
Wfw lives pure life and doeth righteous 

And walks straight paths however others 

And leaves his sons, as uttermost bequest, 
A stainless record which all men may 


This is the better way. 

No drop but serves the slowly lift- 
ing tide; 
No dew but has an errand to some flower; 
No smallest star but sheds some helpful 

And man by man, each helping all the 

Make the firm bulwark of the country's 

There is no better way. 


Cooperative Buying 

Cooperative 'purchasing among 
farmers began in the I860's or 
earUer and was important among 
early Grange activities. Sporadic 
growth was followed by extensive 
failures. Records indicate that in 
1913 there were only 1 1 I purchas- 
ing cooperatives, with a total busi- 
ness of about $6,000,000 per year. 
By 191 5 the number of associations 
had increased to 275 and the vol- 
ume of annual business had doub- 
led. By 1921 there were 898 
associations doing a business val- 
ued at over $57,000,000 per year. 
Since then there has been steady 
growth in the number of associa- 
tions and 1.648 associations were 
reported in 1932-33. doing a busi- 
ness of $140,000,000. The estimat- 
ed membership has expanded from 
about one-quarter million persons 
in 1925 to over half a million. 

A recent development is the or- 
ganization of gasoline and oil asso- 
ciations among farmers. 

Cooperative Journal 

lirst tl>inK» 
first. We cannot 
reckon witli a 
cannint? l)U<lKet 
until first the ^ar 
den lias produced^ 
The New Heal 
reaciitKl Kaiilcn.^. 
too. some time 
ago When we 
learned their real 
money value there 
w IS no lonKtr just 
11 11 >jr^:Xat;o.::";nd now (aiher sees to 

, (■ 1 1 Nissley. when he siiys An a 1 
•I JJ-.- In 50 by HH) feel, properly 

(Excerpts with additions " K'^r'^';"; '" i J„, ^m grow an ample 
taken from ''Recreation") ^-^J^^^^JS^ a'fan^ily 



, little plot of ground care<l for b 

.1. n, t".e Kirls. but the planned fc 

,,tlier and t le t,iri . , 



'■«>Orjii*.- .^"'i' 

v/^*f*''t,.'^/- :^.fj-: rt' 

Once Again 

Reviewing a Famous Report 

Twenty-five years ago Theodore Roosevelt appointed a Commission 
on Country Life to study and report to the nation the underlying prob- 
lems of our country life. It marked the first time that official recognitioii 
had been given by the government to the distinctive needs ot its rura 
people. Liberty Hyde Baily headed the Commission. The father ot 
Secretary Henry Wallace was a member. i u % 

The Commission returned a report which reads today as though it 
had been written yesterday, although many of the needs pointed out in 
that report have gone far towards being met through increased education- 
al facilities, agricultural extension, and the growth o the cooperative 
movement. But on the twenty-fifth anniversary of this report, it still 
stands as a guide post to keep the road ahead clearly defined. Highlights 
of the report are quoted below: 

The Underlying Problem of Country Life 

The mere enumeration of the 
various deficiencies and remedies 
indicates that the problem of 
country life is one of reconstruction, 
and that temporary measures and 
defense work alone will not solve it. 
The underlying problem is to 
develop and maintain on our farms 
a civilization in full harmony with 
the best American ideals. To build 
up and retain this civilization 
means, first of all. that the business 
of agriculture must be made to 
yield a reasonable return to those 
who follow it intelligently; and life 
on the farm must be made perman- 
ently satisfying to intelligent, pro- 
gressive p>eople. The work before 
us. therefore, is nothing niore or 
less than the gradual rebuilding of a 
new agriculture and new rural life. 
We regard it as absolutely essential 
that this great general work should 
be understood by all the people. 
Separate difficulties, important as 
they are. must be studied and work- 
ed out in the light of the greater 
fundamental problem. All the 
people should recognize what those 
fundamental forces and agencies 

Knowledge. — To improve any 
situation, the underlying facts must 

be understood. The farmer must 
have exact knowledge of his busi- 
ness and of the particular condition 
under which he works. 

Education. -There must be not 
only a fuller scheme of public 
education, but a new kind of edu- 
cation adapted to the real needs of 
the farming people. The country 
schools are to be so redirected that 
they shall educate their pupils in 
terms of the daily life. 

Organization. -There must be a 
vast enlargement of voluntary or- 
ganized effort among farmers them- 
selves. It is indispensable that 
farmers shall work together for 
their common interests and for the 
national welfare. If they do not do 
this, no governmental activity, no 
legislation, not even better schools, 
will greatly avail. Much has been 
done. But the farmers are never- 
theless relatively unorganized. We 
have only begun to develop coop- 
eration in America. 

Spiritual Forces. -We miss the 
heart of the problem if we neglect 
to foster personal character and 
neighborhood righteousness. The 
church has great power of leader- 
ship. The whole people should 

(Continued on opposite page col. 2) 

OP y o! veReicvMca .". - — 'j ^,,, , 

"'ughou. the y-^,-' L^r selds and 
A this covering lertilizer. seeu^t 
i While the value of the products is 
r tecl It from $^0 to $(>0 If you need 

There are many people who have no hobby and who frankly -W-arde^ 
they do not want one. There are others who seem to lack the '"^''^FoLy. when we are hearing of .ncreased 
tZ Z back of the necessary effort to start a hobby. 1 hey -y.^nutrU^^^.^n^^;^;;"-!,-^ 
very convincingly. "If 1 had more time or Some day 1 am g<^ k--';; '^'^f ^.Tully ,l±d 
to" then they go back to a tiresome round of personal -"-- '^ "^v o-rj^-.^ Ar, ..^ 
and machine-made recreation or the round of daily work we th.nk of 'calone v u^^^ 0^^^ 
amazing number of people do have hobbies, and are finding life ..^sure oH-t^and^enerKy^^^ ^^ 

• L hen of the 14 or more minerals that 

"But more often people do not take up hobbies, but are t»^-sel. „.ded to^Keep us in^ 
taken up by hobbies. To illustrate this a girl writes. I have an ul ,^.^^^ ^„^ phosphorus are cared for J 
Iho is a doctor, and it is a .uaint conceit of his to r-ark laugh.. We a^^^-e to th^n^^^^^^^^^^^ 
•I am not a doctor, 1 am a farmer.' Surely a doctor s life is one s, ^, -r vegetables we^e -ft m.Kh. 
in a harness of utmost rigor and compulsion and yet my uncle Has ^ut be^an^ .n^^^^^^^^ - 
found the pressure unbearable, and has felt no need for release. W^^ ^^ ,„,d ,hat carrots were .mporte.l 
why must 'he have a garden wherever he is> For the pure del.. <^J;.n..and J-J jlt-;^^ 'Vhe 
growing things. Every one of father's family must grow someth. ;.^ ,,^^, '""^^ 'i",«''\'""", *'" " 'If 
and when they get together it is like a meeting of the H-icuh^t .n t^e of Napole^^^ 
Society in full swing. 1 believe when we were babies, and they a j,^^, ^^^ d.d no. cuh.vaie 
to see my father and mother, they did not ask first. 'How are the cke^m^ until aW tl,e yea^r 1^50.. ^^^^ _^ 
redV but 'How are the dahlias doing?' " Uirope .Spinach was first ^>">"K''; '"»" 

There is a saying that "Hobby horses cost more than drab steedp„.n byj^he Ar.d,s^_^^lo^^^^ 
but one of the best features of a hobby is that it may be expensm^ ,^^ „^, „„ „„, """ , V^V' "Td ' c'me 
n.ay cost nothing. There are four definite types of hobbies -da.own^soJon.^a.^ 
things, learning things, creating things, and acquiring things. ^Surely the home garden pays mhea^^th^ 

... I I „^- „ conomv and salistaction out 11 n •» I 

quently there is a general overlapping. ^ all the year garden there must l>e some 

Gardening i» a creative hobby to wWans of keeping the «''^'''"« ^•j^^Vt'^'; 
more and more people are turn.«|or that season when we cannopuM^^^^^ 

^p;::;;"-^::^e^rhr'r rlfc^^lr^our state ro„e^ for^.r 


I'gmg in^e^est in beautifying the kour conditions l,es. If veK^'^'i'jf, 7;' 
grounds and the community. „ » bought. 1 doubt if """'?.« ^l''''^^;- 

The fourth type of hobby, collect Since we are asking for a y>«r ' "''ck 
things%;^ms to bTthe most generaUo measure '^^^^y'\'r c^n^^lJ ludZl 
of course means much more to the i»>nc for our vegetable canning, and are 
e dual ?han the mere acquisition of .^Id that for each adult f.,r seven month 
material objects. One can scarcely d^.here should l>e M) «.u'rts of canned, 
anything without adding to the sto«,e«etables Pennsylvania ;^'-"= ,^^^i^«*= 
general knowledge. „,.„. -ecommends 7' , quarts of the following 

Early in 1 7()0. Browne Willi*. 
Englishman began collecting. 1 1.» «« 
tricities were so original as to make t 
famous. ., , 

In America, collecting is said to » 
begun with James Lenox, who in I' 
bought a copy of the Gutenberg Bible 
$2,500. , , , 

A thrifty Vermont farmer has ai* 

Four Types of Hobbies 

The first deals largely with the world 
of sport and game fishing, hiking, switii- 
ming. camping, and the like Not only 
active, intensive participation in these 
activities is demanded if they are hobbies, 
but also an intelligent study of the history, 
technique, and leaders of each sport. 

The second type of hobby learning 
things falls distinctly in the educational 
realm. A study of a language, local or 
national history, your "family tree." the 
botany of native plants these are in- 
tellectual hobbies. The art of conversation 
is receiving some serious consideration 
these days. In many groups, talk seldom 
soars above the boundaries of stocks, 
sport, bridge, women, clothes. One girl 
said. "I'd hate to have a husband who 
would always turn first to the sporting 
page." An unemployed man whose hobby 
is the study of ancient languages says. 
"Despite our hurts, we still have the dig- 
nity of the mental world." 

The third type of hobby, creating 
things, is perhaps the most satisfying, for 
it brings an opportunity to appease that 
vague inner craving to do something ini- 
mitably one's own to be able to say. "I 
made this." i • i j 

All the fine arts come under this head- 
ing modeling, wood carving, sculpturing, 
painting, spinning, weaving, knitting. 
Classes in appreciation of art now are 
crowded. Art museums everywhere these 
days are making every effort to assist to- 
ward increased enjoyment of art through 
enlarged understanding. "Today 1 

learned something," a young woman 
confided. "I had always thought that an 
artist tries to reproduce an exact scene. 
It seems that is not so. He tries to re- 
produce a sunset by expressing the mood 
induced in him by the sunset, melancholy, 
joyous, exultant or any of another dozen 

Wild greens. Spinach. Asparagus. Green 
string Ijeans. Swiss chard. Bee. .ops. 
New Zealand spinach. 

lifteen <iui'.rts of Tomatoes, and 7 2 
quarts of each of the followinis: 

Young Carrots, Baby Beets, Yellow 
string beans. Corn. Peas. Eima Beins 

A thrifty Vermont larmer nas o- 
found time to record with a small cawin practice this means serving greens at 
the local history and scenery. A Mar>l»least ? times a week, tomatoes two times 
woman on a dairy farm is building aj. week, and oth.r vegetables 4 times a 
garden built of stones which travelLweck. 
friends are bringing to her. one by » 

from all parts of the United 'States. 

Dr. Caroline Hedger has related 
herself that after spending a large pof 
of her life "scrimping for old age 
realized that she best enjoy some ot 1' 

■ ■ ■ ■ I . ^l.Aria 

Protecting Nature 

The conservation of wild life has been 

realized that she beiaenjco^^e^^^^-.^^^^.;^^;^;-^^^^^^^, ^^^^^, „, 

,t passed along ' 'f^'^H^^^;. f S ' Mi^^^^^^^ 4-11 Clubs. Among their 
a longing to P'^y ^^^^ P'?"°'/^^V*V .c.ivi.ies are the winter feeding of birds; 
to study music at shall we say j^^^i^^^^^, ^,^^ protection of breeding 
five years of age! . ,■ ._ fi^ places for wild birds and animals; hrc 

'^'Tund then ride uK prevention; encouragmg obedience to 
outside hobby, ar^d ^^en r ide U ". ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

It will He to you like * 'f »""'l'^;"^ winning club members into the north 
Martha Washington garden at Mt. ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^,_, ,jj^ 

non: , 

"/ record none but the sunny hoar 

"Favorite Recipes 
From Our Readers 

Codfish Balls 
C.K.k ten niedium sized white potMoes 
in boiling water and a little - J^^'j^ 
done mash with butter and a little milk 

""rlkT^wo^cS of flaked codfish, pick 
ap rf rnt'^mall pieces Add this to the 
^tatoes, also one well beaten egg. 

Sha.>e into balls. D.P "Jto egg and 
brad crumbs and fry in deep at Lay out 

on brown paper '""'"°'» ''*!,„. 
Serve at once Serves 8 people. 

Pl-OPIF.S Sf.ttuemknt 

Wilmington, Del. 

Apple Sauce Cake 

Cream 1 cup granulated sugar and i 

l^?tfer toeether Into a cup of hot 

rJ .;n;;T,>le «auce. pu. 1 jeasP|>- 

,.kinc s..<la When sauce stops bubl)ling 

dd ",' t the creamed butter and sugar. 

A 1 1 .eas,>oon cinnamon.;, teaspoon 

1 .little salt P 4 cups flour in which 

^"r:;,:: Sn:-<«*'few nuts been 

dredg^l Bake lo .f ■" -xlerate oven 

ul)Out '4 l"'"f , ,_, 

Mrs 1 1 L Way, 

Media.lDelaware Co.. fa. 

A Famous Report 


understand that it is vitally ^P^^"; 
"„ stand behind the rural ^burch and to 
help it to become a great power m develop- 
ing concrete country life ideals "» '« " important that the country church 
^ec'gmze that it has a social ity 
to the entire community as well as a 
religious responsibility to its own group. 
The Call for Leadership 
Rural teachers, librariarjs. clergymei. 
e,litors. physicians, and others may well 
unite with farmers in studying and d s- 
cussmg the rural question in all its aspects 
We must in some way unite al .n>;t..ut.ons^ 
all organizations, all individuals having 
ally interest in country life into one great 
campaign for rural progress. 

We must picture ourselves a new rural 

social structure. develope<l from the strong 

Tcsident forces of the open country; and 

Ihen we must set at work all the agencies 

that will tend to brmg this abou.^ e 

entire people need to be aroused to this 

avenue of' usefulness Most of the new 

leaders mus. be farmers who can find n . 

onlv . satisfying business career on tlie 

Z"m. but who will .l.row themselves into 

he service of upbuilding the community^ 

A new race <.f teachers is also .0 appear in 

the countrv. A new rural clergy is to be 

rlined Ihese leaders will see the great 

underlying problem °f «=«""'^^J''f; ^^^^^ 
together they will work each in his own 
feld. for the one goal of a new and 
permanent rural civilization. Upon the 
d^lTlopment of this distinctively rural 
civiliza'^.on rests uUirr^.tely our ab.l. y by 
methods of farming requiring ;>'^|'K''"^ 
intelligence, to continue to feed and clothe 
the ungry nations; .0 supply the city and 
rnetopolis with fresh blood clean bodies^ 
Tnd clear brains that can endure the strain 
:" modern urban life; and to preserve^- 

race of men in the open <^"""'/y *^"' . '" 
the future as in .he past, will l>e the stay 
and strength of .he nation in time of wa. 
and Its guiding and controlling spirit in 
time of peace. _ 

h IS to be hoped that many young men 
and women, fresh from our '»<^^^r"^^"'• "^- 
st.tutions of learning, and 'f"-*'^^^ 
l.ition and trained intelligence, will feel a 
new an.l strong call to service 

Rural Young People 

More than HOOs.u.l.n.s of vocational 
agriculture recently attended the filth 
future I armers' Week at the Pennsylva- 
nia State College , 

Events included dairy cattle, general 
livestock, poultry, farm mechanics, and 
entomology judging contests and a public 
speaking contest. 





Obtaining and Maintaining a Mastitis-Free Herd 

By Claude S. Bryan and Glen Fox 

Claude S. Bryan is a son of Amos 
Bryan, who is a prominent Inler- 
Sialc member and former secrctaru of 
the Plumstead- Dublin local of Bucks 
County. Claude is also a brother of 
John S. Bryan, ficldman of the 
Philadelphia Dairy Council. He is 
a graduate of Pennsylvania State 
College and wrote this article on the 
basis of facts obtained while engaged 
in graduate research at Michigan 
Agricultural Experiment Station. 

THE OBSERVANT dairyman, if 
mastitis is present in his 
herd, knows full well what 
the infection is capable of doing, in 
so far as the production of the 
various animals is concerned. Fur- 
thermore, acute flare-ups of chronic 
cases result in the production of 
milk with a decided abnormal flav- 
or and odor. Such milk imparts 
the abnormal conditions to all 
milk with which it comes in con- 
tact, it is either rejected or scored 
very low at the receiving station. 

Some types of the streptococci 
that produce mastitis may cause 
disease in humans who consume 
the infected milk from such cases. 
The dangerous streptococci are 
never recognized until the damage 

Clipper Headquarters 


Your Electric Clippers May Need Attention 

We are EASTERN agents for Anrlin and Stewart 
Clippers. Send to us for partb and plates. Guar- 
anteed repairs of all kinds. 

SOc per pair — plua return pottage 

We Are Your Headquarters for All Clipper Needs 

DtMtripllve Mailer Upon Requeal 


Il» N. 6th St. PHILA., PA. 

E3tahll,heJ I8S2 


1 ''Ford** Milking Machine as good as new, 

1 Large Wood Refrigerator with Frig idaire 

1 Hammermill. 


"Mastitis & Garget" 

Make your own tests of 
samples of milk from 
your cows to determine 
the condition of the 





Poat paid 

Enables you to find the 
faulty quarters that usu- 
ally bring up your bac- 
teria count 

The Special Products Co., Inc. 


has been done. It is never advis- 
able to use raw streptococcus- 
infected milk. 

Recent research in mastitis has 
shown that it is a contagious dis- 
ease and non-infected animals in a 
diseased herd may become infected. 
Since mastitis is a contagious dis- 
ease it is highly desirable to 
eliminate it from a herd. The 
methods used successfully in one 
large herd, in obtaining and main- 
taining a mastitis-free herd, are 
presented here for the benefit of 
other dairymen. The essential 
feature in undertaking such a dis- 
ease clean-up is the resolution to 
adhere always to hygienic prin- 

Obtaining a Mastitis-Free Herd 

The first step in obtaining a 
mastitis-free herd is to detect the 
infected animals in the herd. This 
is accomplished by testing the 
milk of each cow and also by 
examining the udder of each cow. 
If it is desired to know the quarters 
where the infection is located, 
individual quarter samples are 
taken. However, for greatest con- 
venience, a mixed milk sample is 
collected from each cow, milking 
from all four quarters into a sterile 
container after discarding the first 
two streams of milk from each 
quarter. The nature of the infec- 
tion is such that the streptococcus 
invades the udder, in due time the 
normal activity of the udder is 
disturbed, and abnormal milk is 
secreted. Such abnormalities can 
be detected by the various labora- 
tory tests for the detection of mas- 
titis. When the infection has pro- 
gressed far enough, resulting in 
injury to the udder, scar tissue 
forms. The presence of such tissue 
may be detected on palpation of 
the udder. 

The means that are used to de- 
lect the infected cows are I, bac- 
teriological examination of the 
milk; 2. physical examination of 
the milk, and 3, physical examina- 
tion of the udder. The three 
examinations should be made twice 
in the period of two weeks. 

What should be done with the 
infected animals? Bearing in 

mind that sooner or later the pro- 
duction of such animals is reduced 
and that they are a continuous 
source of danger to the mastitis- 
free animals, it is readily seen that 
eradication or sale for slaughter is 
the most ideal method of proced- 
ure. The infection is usually limit- 
ed to the udder and the meat is 
safe for human consumption. Only 
a very few infected cows have the 
streptoccoci in their blood stream; 
in these cases, the condition is 
practically always fatal and thus 
such meat does not reach the mar 

During the time that mastitis- 
infected animals are in the herd, a 
few of the streptococci that are 
eliminated by such animals can be 
found in a living state in the barn. 
Therefore, after the cows that 
carry the infection are eliminated, 
it is still possible for a few of these 
living streptococci to remain and 

be capable of producing infection. 
Consequently, the matter of clean- 
ing and disinfecting the barn be- 
comes important. This is best 
carried out by thoroughness in 
removing all litter, scrubbing with 
a lye solution made up with hot 
water, and then spraying the in- 
terior of the barn with a good dis- 
infectant of sufficient strength. If 
these measures are carried out, a 
mastitis-free herd is created and 
the barn is freed of infecting strep- 

Maintaining the Mastitis-Free 

Obtaining a mastitis-free herd is 
only half the problem; the other 
half is to maintain it if any bene- 
fits are to be gained from eradica- 
tion. The best attitude in main- 
taining a mastitis-tree herd is one 
of watchfulness all the time. Sev- 
eral of the factors that immediately 
present themselves and are essen- 
tial in maintaing such a herd are: 

/. Proper Stalls Use only prop- 
erly constructed stalls or stanch- 
ions. The very important element 
of injury of the udder can either 
be completely eliminated or aggra- 
vated greatly as far as the stalls 
are concerned. If the udder re- 
mains in a healthy condition and 
is not injured, it presents the finest 
type of natural defense towards 
infection. This, together with the 
fact that the comfort of a cow 
has much to do with her disposition 
by affecting the physiological pro- 
cesses through the nervous system, 
seems to indicate that "the con- 
tented cow" offers more resistance 
to disease. 

2. Feed \Jse proper feed. If a 
high protein ration is used, the 
cow is in maximum production and 
thus resistance is lowered and the 
cow becomes susceptible to condi- 
tions which otherwise would not 
affect the udder. The correct 
amount of concentrates should be 
fed. Care should be taken that the 
proper balance is always used in all 
grain mixtures. 

3. Preparation of the Cow for 
Milking Much of the success in 
maintaining a mastitis-free herd 
rests in the preparation of the cow 
for milking and the care of the 
hands of the milker or milking ma- 
chine during the milking. 

(a) Clean cloths that are steril- 
ized between milkings by boiling or 
in steam should be used to wipe 
the flank, udder and teats. The 
cloths should then be dipped into 
a chlorine solution which has been 
made up according to directions. 

(b) The pail which holds the 
chlorine solution should be of a 
definite construction. An ordinary 
galvanized pail. 10 or 12 quart 
capacity, is taken and divided into 
halves by a soldered galvanized 
partition. Chlorine solution is 
placed in both halves. Individual 
cloths are used in preparing the 
cows for milking. After using a 
cloth on a cow, it is placed in the 
opposite side of the pail and is not 

Ju'yjuly, 1934 



Page •» 

used again until it is 
washed and sterilized, 
of a small herd and 
chlorine solution is 
strong, two or three 
sufficient. When a clotl 

In the- 

tl is U8«( 

Directors Reorganize 

New Officers Elected at June 27-28 Meeting 

wipe, one .cow, i.J, ri„»d o.,„„,„,.„.v upon -ew.n, .he -eport of .he Ma,,er^.„n„u„ci 


wipe one COW, it .8 r.nscd ouI^^^^.^tely upon '[^'^^'^'^^..^'l^t^^^n call was sent out by telegram 
one side of the Pf' and then pl^ ^^^^^^ of the election "^^^ofd rectors at I :00 P.M. standard time, 
into the other half and left tL, „ meeting of the new board ot directors ai ■ r. y. Andrews, 

until the other two have b^L^T AH members were present at this meetrngexccp^S-K^^^^^^^ 
similarly used. ^ f he first afternoon wdv-.^-.gc^^^^ ---^ .^^ ^^^^^- 

4. Milker If a milking mad>P ^^'1^' d The reading of letters received in response to the letters 
is used, great care should be ta^>on foU^^^j^^'!'!^;;^^ of agriculture and state secretaries of health in 
in the cleaning and proper stenL^nt '',1 .Kercon^S^ «amtary regulations and inspection 

tion of all parts. 1 1 is a good p^ "P"^ ^ 

to dip the teat cups in chlo^^^dar^.^his session a nominating 
solution before and after ^'It^^j^t^e was appointed, to nomi- 
each cow. .uhm" . , :..«„ 


. MILK • 



Designed by Inter-State Members 


late men for the various positions 
be filled by the board. 

•— - ■-— - --,--'- ,— - Routine business and reports ot 

fore starting to milk each ^ow, jj^^^^jjj.g a^d committees were 

i L u J J -A late men tor the various i- 

In the herd under considerate ^^ fjn^j by the board, 
hand milking is always used. ; Do^tine business and re 

hands of the milker should 

milker should J'^J.^jved at the session on the fol 
dipped jnto chlorine solution ij^^ipg morning. During this ses- 

1 that t 
and vice president be pi 

aippea inio cniorine soiuiion Jj^^ing morning. i^Junng inia »«-=- 
dried. This not only prevents ^j^^^ |^ ^^g voted that the president 
carrying of any germs from c^^j ^-^^^ president be placed upon 
cow to another, but also tendi diem basis, with expenses 

decrease the possibility of 'nfect^hile on association business. The 
animals by the streptococci tLjegrdent is to serve according to 
cause sore throat in humans, l^^^ needed and the vice president 

5. Strip Cup Use a strip cupon call of the P/";^^"^" '* J^^ 
detect flakiness. At each m.lkaUo voted to continue the 

the first two or three steams committee °f .^'^^^^ "^irnt "who 
milk from each quarter should addition to the PT"'f "^ 
collected in a cup with a .-.erves on that committee by virtue 
screen or cloth covering. the«ot his "Hice ^^^^ ^^^ 

making it possible to detect t ' "« °°^^° \^ .««riation its 
fl I • I • L ti • Secretary of the association ii» 

flakiness which very often is ptf^t-'ciai^r »..,„ ,^;,u f„n charge 

•II f ■ f . J jjPxecutive Secretary witn luiicnargc 

ent in milk from an infected uddt*^"*-'-"^"'^ u r»., f^r thf manage- 

and responsibility tor the manage 

6. Bacteriological Examinationmcni of the office. 
Milk Every Six Months Sampl Ihe election of officers followed 
of milk should be collected evtfwith the results as recorded on 
six months and examined. Thispage I of this issue of the Review. 
important when we realize tliiFoUowing the completion oittie 
humans may carry streptococballoting for each office. Mr. Ben- 
which may become implanted netch acting as temporary chair- 
the udder of the cow causing majtman, declared the person with a 
tig. majority of votes as elected. Upon 

completion of all balloting and 

7. I est Replacement Animals ^^^^^ ^|j officers and members ot 
it is necessary to buy animals ((^^^ executive committee were duly 
introduction into the herd. 8"' elected Mr. Welty took the chair, 
care should be taken so that i: Pormalities of certifying the 
fection will not be introduced anev^j^.^^j^j^ ^j ^^g newly elected officers 
Two methods may be followed wit ^^g ^^^^^ completed, empowering 
success in adding animals to ^\^^.j^ jo act as such in signing 
mastitis-free herd. checks and in other capacities 

(a) i:xaminc the udder and mil-which might require proof of au- 
of the cow and have a sample tthority. 

milk examined bacteriologically a The board then passed a motion 
two weekly intervals previous t: employing H. L. Jamison as editor 
completing the purchase of tl« and business manager ot ttielVlilk 
cow. If she passes these tests Producers' Review with full charge 

she can safely Ije put into a clea:of it. 

herd 'he Pennsylvania Milk Control 

Board hearing scheduled for July 2 

(b) Buy the cow subject to twi^^g ^^en discussed and a niotion 
weekly examinations, but keep thfpjjggpjj authorizing the President, 
cow isolated from the rest of tlx 5j.j,^gjjjjy j^^j Sales Manager to 
animals until the examinations j^tj-^d the hearing with the express- 
show that she is not harboring thf gj ^jg^ from seVeral members 
streptococci of mastitis. (R' that the board be requested to at 
printed through courtesy of w least maintain present prices to 
Guernsey Breeders Journal.) producers. 

[Editor's Note: Have you hac 

any trouble in your herd from tnii 
damaging disease or are you sus 
pecting the presence of it> If >^ 

charges of renewing their 
gages every few years. 

For the country as a whole 
farmers whose debts were refinan- 
ced by the land banks and the 
Commissioner during the past year 
had been paying an average inter- 
est rate of 6.04 on their long-term 
indebtedness and short-term com- 
mercial loans. In some states the 
average rate was in excess of 7 or 
8 per cent. On their new loans 
farmers are now paying interest at 
the rate of either 4Vz or 5 per cent 

'"'"brthr" total of $796,800,000 
loaned during the one-year period. 
$483,800,000 was advanced by the 
Federal land banks which make 
loans only on first mortgage se- 
curity, and the balance of $313,- 
000,000 was advanced by the Land 
Bank Commissioner who lends ori 
the security of either first or second 
mortgages on farms. 

Outside dimensions 52 by 36 inches and .. incnes, .uv- 
ered with 16 and 18 gauge Armco Ingot Iron and insulated with 3 
mches of W. P. cork board. 2 inches of cork board >n cover 
equipped with H or Vl HP- compressor, water agitator and Detroi 
Thermostatic Expansion Valve. Constructed on sound mechanical 

DEGREES ^N^;;^q"^s ^^ por^y MINUTES 



April 28. 1934 


Four Cans per Milking 


Food Shelf 30 by 14 inches 

under back lid 

Mr W. W Morton. 
Fort Loudon, Pa. 

The milk cooler you make which you in- 
stalled for me last Septernlier 1st has been 
satisfactory in every way The agitated water 
IS one of the best features in a milk cooling 
cabinet as it tiikes the heat from the milk 
more rapidly than unagitated water. In fact, 
1 think it is one of the best cabinets on the 
market und I can fully recommend it to any 
of my fellow dairy farmers wishing the best 
milk cooler for the dollar. I am (signed) 
J W I loKKEDiTz, Mercersburg, Pa , R. 4 

Morton's Milk Coolers 
Ft. Loudon, Penna. 

Wiicre can I see your milk cooler in 
<jpcralion> Please send more detaill. 

Cut Interest Costs 

pcciiii^ iiic jjicatii«-c ui 11- •• - Farmers will save more than 
call on the Field and Test depart $| | (,00,000 a year for the next 
ment of the Inter-State and th< j^.^ years as a result of the lower 

fieldman in your territory will helf interest rates on indebtedness re- every member o| the association ir 
you determine the facts and outlint fina^j-pj ;„ the year prior to June we are to give all members the best 
a plan to assist in controlling th« j 1934 |^y ^|^^. Federal land banks possible service. It is our plan to 
spread of the disease and to help ^^^^ j|^^ Land Bank Commissioner, 
keep it out. according to figures released late in 

June by the Farm Credit Adminis- 

Members Elect 

Inter-State Men 

(ConlinunI liom pane I) 

individuals. Each holding is small 
and there is always a general iner- 
tia among many individuals of any 
group of such size. 

The expression was gratifying. 
The management of the association 
may well feel vindicated that the 
total strength to be mustered by 
the opposition over an eight- 
months period was far short of 
enough to gain control. It is safe 
to assume that the disssatisfied 
were rather completely represented 
while many of the satisfied felt no 
need to express themselves. In 
addition, there are many inactive 
members who had no occasion to 
express themselves at all. 

In commenting on the results of 
the election, immediately after the 
announcement, Frederick Shangle. 
vice-president, stated: 

'The members have said by 
votes that they approve the Inter- 
state policies and management. It 
is up to us to continue running our 
association so we may retain their 
support. Our obligation is greater 
than that of the defeated candi- 
dates because the responsibility is 
on our shoulders and we will be 
held accountable for the continued 
success of the association. 

"But we need the support of 
every member of the association if 

for the whole-hearted cooperation 
of every member to fight our 
common battles. 

"This market is looked uj)on as 
one of the very best in the country 
from the viewpoint of both pro- 
ducers and consumers, and there 
is plenty of sound constructive 
work to be done in keeping it so. 
We need the united cooperation of 
every producer in the milk shed to 
do this. 

"The great majority of our 
members are aware of this need 
and we feel that as facts replace 
opinions, prejudices and rumors 
we will again have a solid front 
among all producers in the Phila- 
delphia Milk Shed. This election 
was a long stride in that direction. 

Report of the Field and 
Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

The following statistics show the 
operations of all the Inter State 
Milk Producers' Association fieldmen 
in connection with testinij. weixhing 
and tjeneral membership work for the 
month of May. I9J4: 


Rutterfal Tests Made |J90 

C alls on Members -tk 

Quality Improvement Calls 29 

I lerd .Samples Tested „ „ • *\l 

Membership .Solicitation CalU y* 

New Meml>ers .Signed 51 

Cows .Signed "^ 

Meetings Attended ^ 

Attending Meetings.. 3231 

Transfers of Membership I 

Microscopic Tests ^jy' 

Hrotii Thymol Tests o" 

Foreclosures Reduced 

During the past year the number 
of farms owned outright by the 
Federal land banks and subject to 
redemption by the borrower in- 
creased less than 3 per cent, 
whereas during the calendar year 
of 1931 the numbers increased ap- 
proximately 50 r>cr cent and in 
1932 another 50 per cent increase 
was recorded. This statement was 
made July 2. by W. L. Myers. 
Governor of the Farm C redit 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

The following is a report of the work 
done by the Quality Control Depart- 
ment of the Dairy Council for the 
month of May. 1954: 
No Inspections Made .t •' 

. , tration. The figure does not include 

We are too prone to do our think ^^^ additional saving farmers have 

ing with our pocket-books instead effected by obtaining long-term 

of with our heads. loans and thus avoiding the costly 

continue to give, as in the past, 
the same service to all active mem- 
bers of the association regardless of 
any differences of opinion between 
individual members and officers on 
their attitude on association poli- 
cies. For this reason we are asking 

Notice: From this date. I will 
not be responsible for any debts or 
obligations made by my wife. 
G. A. F. , , 

Notice: I have not purchased 
anything for cash or for credit since 
I became Mrs. G. A. F.— Mrs. 
C. A. F. 

.Special 1 arm Visits 
No Sediment Tests 



Racteria Tests Made 3791 

Special Tests Made 
1 )ays Special Work 
No Miles Iraveled 

During the month 68 dairies were 
disconlinned from .selling for failure to 
comply with the regulations 49 dairies 
were re-instated before the month was 


To date 287,727 farm 

have been made 


Mention the Review when writ- 
ing advertisers. 




Page 10 . 

Decrease in Bovine T.B. 
Shown on New U.S. Map 

Bovine tuberculosis in the Uni- 
ted States is gradually giving way 
to the onslaught of cooperating 
veterinary forces, according to the 
United States Department of Ag- 
riculture which has just issued a 
map showmg the extent of ihc 
disease in all States on May 1. 

The map has various degrees of 
shading to indicate the areas free 
and comparatively free from the 
disease in contrast to other areas 
where bovine tuberculosis is still a 
serious menace to livestock. Ori 
May I there were 1.784 rnodified 
accredited counties, approximately 
58 percent of the total, practically 
free of the disease, as shown by 
tuberculin testing of cattle. 

The map also shows that 14 en- 
tire States had all of their counties 
in that classification. These are 
North Carolina. Maine. Michigan. 
Indiana. Wisconsin. Ohio. Idaho. 
North Dakota. Nevada. New 
Hampshire, Utah. Kentucky. West 
Virginia, and Washington. In 
most of the other States favorable 
public opinion and satisfactory 
work are bringing about highly 
gratifying progress. 

Honors to High Herds 

Honor Roll certificates will again 
be issued to the owners of all herds 
which produce an average of 300 
pounds or more of butterfat per 
cow in one year, according to an 
announcement from the National 
Dairy Association. These records 
must be made in regularly organ- 
ized dairy herd improvement asso- 
ciations and approved by the state 
leader of this work for the state in 
which the herd is owned. The 
awarding of certificates for 1934 is 
made possible through a generous 
contribution of the Dairy and Ice 
Cream Supplies Association, Inc. 

Uncle Ab says pro and con are 
opposites: witness progress and 




Ml LK 


Dairy Markets Stronger 

Mowing Helps Contrc n^Hinii Dowii to Fundamentals 

of Weeds in Pj^ Ueilli*S 

P R o I) U c^EJLiLJULV • ^ ^^ 


tlaving passed our 
training period days 
back in the 90's, we 
are now in the class 
with Champions. 

We challenge you for 
your next order for 
printing of 




Printer 6- Detitner 

DAIRY PRICE trends have been 
slightly upward during recent 
weeks. The price of milk for fluid 
consumption advanced in several 
markets, especially in the inid-west. 
Detroit and Umahaobiaineu 
amendments to milk licenses au- 
thorizing such advances and new 
licenses in other niarkets allowed 
advances over previous prices. 

The New York Control board 
authorized a one-cent per quart 
advance to consumers, from 12 to 
13 cents, on June 11 with a IV/i 
cent per hundredweight increase to 
producers. The New Jersey Con- 
trol board ordered an increase from 
11 to 12 cents at retail, effective on 
July I, with the producer reported 
as getting three-fourths of the 
increase. This would be about 35 
cents a hundred pounds. 

Similar action is possible in 
Pennsylvania with producers get- 
ting perhaps two-thirds of the in- 
crease. Justification for such a 
move will likely be found in the 
advancing costs to producers re- 
sulting from higher feed prices and 
a general price increase. There is 
also a general demand, especially 
among smaller distributors, for a 
wider spread between prices paid 
producers and prices charged con- 

Feed costs for next winter are 
quite uncertain now. Hay prices 
and wheat product prices are most 
likely to show the greatest advances 
while corn products and cottonseed 
meal will follow the same trends 
althougii the supplies of those 
feeds may be approximately nor- 
mal. Bvcry indication now points 
to a reduced total dairy feed supply 
with correspondingly higher prices. 
The actual supply will depend upon 
the corn crop which still has a good 
chance if weather conditions are 
favorable. Another factor is the 
condition of pasture during the re- 
mainder of the year which will de- 
termine whether the small feed 
supply can be husbanded or wheth- 
er it must be drawn upon to supple- 
ment summer and fall pastures. 

It is certain that the individual 
milk producer in this area who has 
a good supply of legume hay and 
plenty of other forage with good 
summer and fall pasture will be 
fortunate as compared to those who 
will have to buy a large part of 
their feed supply. 

The manufactured market shows 
prices much more steady than 
would be expected in the face of 
conditions. The drought has re- 
sulted in a decrease of 8.7 percent 
in butter production in May, con- 
tinuing the reduction of previous 
months. Yet the price of butter 
was less than two cents higher than 
a year earlier. Butter has been 
moving into storage rather slowly, 
showing substantially smaller stock 
on June 1 than a year earlier and 
smaller than the five-year average 
for that date. It is believed that 
greater caution is being shown than 
a year earlier when many were 
caught with heavy holdings and 
had to move the butter at a loss. 
The supply may increase if'summer 
and fall pastures and forage crops, 
also corn, should show marked im- 

Contrasted with the butter situa- 

tion we find a 6.3 percent larger 
cheese production in May and a 
slight increase for the first five 
months as compared to a year 
earlier. The wholesale price is 

storage supply about one-third 
larger than a year ago. 

Condensed milk also shows a 
larger May production and five 
months production than a year ago 
but with slightly smaller storage 
stocks while evaporated milk shows 
a sharply reduced production and 
three times the storage supply on 
June I or compared to the same 
date in 193 J. 

Altogether, the total milk equi- 
valent of these manufactured pro- 
ducts shows a 7.1 percent drop for 
May and a 7.9 percent drop for the 
first five months. 

The movement into consumption 
channels shows a 5 percent decrease 
for all products in May. butter 
showing a 3.7 percent drop, evapor- 
ated milk a 24 percent drop, cheese 
a 2 percent increase and condensed 
milk a 19.4 percent increase. All 
products except evaporated milk 
show an increase in consumption 
for the five-month period, the net 
increase being 2.8 percent. 

Comparing the United States 
market for dairy products with for- 
eign markets it appears that the 
drought and regulatory measures 
arc responsible for our compara- 
tively good price level. Conditions 
in foreign markets are discouraging 
with trade barriers against import- 
ing of dairy products into many 
countries while efforts are being 
made by countries with suri)lu8es of 
dairy products to subsidize the 
exporting of them. The margin 
between London prices for New 
Zealand butter and the New York 
92 -score price was 7.S cents, a 
wider margin on June I than in any 
recent year. This is strong evi- 
dence that our market will have to 
depx^nd upon domestic sales if the 
present price level is maintained. 

we heard yesterday, is 
rsold. Thatsjust_a 

Application of fertilizers 
ing at the proper time and; . 

ing with sheep or goats ar,-^°J'^^ _. . .._- , 

effective ways of controllint'T What if there are prob- 

in pastures, says the UnitedP""'"j '^^Qubles? You are at the 
Department of Agriculture.'^ ^" ^f things, and it takes a 

Grass generally will domi**"" •^„ ^^ work them out. 


time to worl 

I ir»r%Tl 

a paotu.v, .. ov... r""7'™L„t vour associauuu u.„ 
favorable. I herein lies the v"*":-^ j^^^ you look upon each 
fertilizers. Pliosphate and " ' ^^ ^.^^^^ades. Do everything 
give better results if applied"^ ' „ .„ u^ve members realize 
fall, but nitrogen should be a" , • • iL^jy association. Meet 
The best t'Vr^'Mquently; build together 

in the spring. 

-, -■ " , . I gether fre 

general to mow weeds is wht^ 

are starting to bloom. It is 

C;- 2= -«-'-• ^^ 
ther. and as far as possible. 

sary to mow twice a year toj^^j^- ' together. Get to know 
cate some weeds. ', ^^j^^,j. go that 25 years from 

Woody shrubs, bushes and , ^j^^. Inter-State may be as 
tree sprouts can best be cor. ^g Gibralter. . . 

by being cut at the I)ropei-.|^^ ^^^.0^^ characteristic is Lon- 
Thc Kansas Agricultural \^^^^Qn When a man is by him- 
ment Station has found that^ v,„ {^^^ ^ hard enough time to 

^„ of it; when two people 
if cut while they are in 

The Connecticut station h ^^^^^^^ «»— • 

that July mowing of lirusKi^^^^ 2O people to agree; and when 
successful. )000 people come into one or- 

ILradicating bushes, sprout^^i^^^jon, the possibility of every- 
woody shrubs appears to \n^^ thinking alike or having the 

ime ideas isbeyond human achieve- 

,me togTthcr they may with some 
^'ftculty agree; it is not so easy 

difficult in the South than ^^.,^^^^.^_^ 

North. Grubbing liicm i . ^^ can not possibly get 

killing with a plant po'son^'j^g j^ ^ co-operative association 
to be the only sure way of eri-.i ^^t a spirit of give-and-take. 


fcere never was a group of 
^ted to office who 

columns, mention 
ducers' Review. 


May Buying and Selling Prices 

From National Cooperative Milk Producers* FeJaration 

ccteu lo «jiit*'«- -- — 
When you answer advcrti«j0^j.|gnt knowledge of the truth, 
or buy products advertised :rjj0^j,|g^t wisdom to make no mis- 

■^''^ikes Management and men alike 
Ml learn from each other if there 
, this spirit of give and take on a 
March Prices Paid byomradly basis, rising to the stage 
Producers' AsSDCatrhere we are big enough to yield 
^.S% Milk f. o. b. Market little here and there to t»ie °the 
Avcr..«e 5II0W. to surrender some ot our 

B'Hghts at times, if it is necessary. 
Vr harmony and for the common 

We Need Confidence 

The third factor in the co-operat- 

ng spirit is Confidence. Confi- 

lence in 1934? It is almost absurd 

^oz, o mention it. It is a word that. 

(X) Rxcept New York., uotitio^aong with the word sccuri/y. has 

to 201-210 mile zone an! Boston Jmost disappeared trom our vo- 

■ -a. i,^„:i.. ,„„.. aibulary. Confidence? Faith? 

raith in whom? or in what? Every- 
Arhere over this nation are tfie 
tragic evidences of loss of faith in 
>ur leaders, financial, industrial, 
political, religious. We have almost 

New York City 
Dos Moines 
.St Paul 
.San Dieijo 
I lartford 

Net Price 


I 25 
I 60 
I 4i4 
I 50 
I 7'> 

lions to 181 2(X) mi!c zone 

(( onl>nu»l fioni page i) 

and we have not any too much 
?ri h in ourselves. We know our 
leaders arc human. But that kind 
of faith must come to manage- 
ment, as well as to the '"^^'^^''f 'J] 
faith in our chosen leaders. And 
finallv 1 know that this co-operat- 
ing spirit can never be periua..c..c 
nor lasting nor vital unless with it 
TrefsafaithmGod. The power 
of God is among men. and a taith 
in God tends to build in us hat 
stability of character on which in 
the last analysis all co-operating 
spirit is founded. It is not founded 
on the number of cows, or on any 
plan for distribution of surplus, or 
on contracts: it is founded on 

character. ,11 „f 

Now there is a fourth phase ot 
this co-operative spirit from which 
it seems to me some of you may 
feel like holding back. 1 refer to 
the last C in this co-operative 
square Consecration. You have 
men in this organization who have 
served for years, because they be- 
lieve in it. We need people like 
Madame Curie, who refused $1UU- 
000 worth of radium for hersell. 
but took it for the Radium nsti- 
tute of Paris; men like ^^teenbock 
of Wisconsin, who refused $Z,UUU. 
000 offered him for vitamin dis- 
coveries but turned it over to re- 
search for the welfare of humanity; 
men like Grenfel and Sweitzer - 
that kind of devotion that gives 
its time, its strength and all its 

Four Square 
So we have the four-square char- 
acteristics of this co-operating spir- 
it- Comradeship; Conciliation; 
Confidence; and Consecration. 

Please do not think for one min- 
ute that there is anything idealistic 
in what 1 have been talking about. 
1 have been talking to you on 
fundamentals. If you believe one 
tenth of what 1 have said to you 
today, you can electrify your asso- 
ciation in the next few months 
You have a marvelous piece ot 
machinery in this organization 
But you must unite, stand together, 
and release the full power of the co- 
operative spirit. 1 feel sure that 

the future holds but little for your 
.... . — ^ »„ 

Farmers Repaying 

Production Loans 

Farmers borrowing from the 

production credit "S^f !^V n?in of 
ready have repaid $1,217,000 of 
their loans, accordmg to a state- 
ment made June 29 by S^ M. 
Garwood. Production <^redit Com- 
of the Farm Credit Ad- 

Page 11 

They realize that to do this they 
must maintain the confidt-nce ot 
investors who purchase the de- 
bentures of the Federa interme- 
diate credit banks, which discount 
farmers' notes, and are therefore, 
the ultimate source of the associa- 
tions' loan funds. 



A Ura^ nortion of the repay- 
ments todate have been in sections 
of the country where farmers 
market their crops carher in the 
season or in dairy sections where 
farmers make repayments from 
the monthly milk or cream checks 
Since these cooFJeratively managed 
short-term credit agencies only 
started making loans m volume 
during April, most of the loans will 

not be due until next fall when the 
borrowers market their crops and 

livestock. i 1 1 »,, 

"Farmers have been enabled to 
obtain short-term credit through 
their cooi)eralively managed local 
financial units by tapping the low 
cost credit resources of the financial 
centers long available to other in- 
dustries," Commissioner Garwood 

stated. . .1 

'•Like other industries, agricul- 
ture needs credit to finance the 
production of its products, farm- 
ers need such credit for longer 
periods than manufacturers be- 
cause it takes much longer to pro- 
duce their products. Farmers are 
proud of their new credit organiza- 
tions and intend to see that they 
are run on a sound financial basis 
that will continue to make this 
type of credit available at low cost 



I I 


92 Score Solid Pnck 







25 'i 


25 'i 

















25 >i 

25 89 

New Y 






24 "4 


24 '/« 
















24 Vi 
24 »'» 

ii Chirago 













241 4 

24 "4 


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21 "4 




24 21 

A series of booklets. "Fxploring 
the Times" have been newly pub- 
lished by the American Library 
Association. 320 N. Michigan Ave.. 
Chicago. 111. The titles include: 
Collapse or Cycle; Meeting the 
Farm Crisis: Less Government or 
More? And World Depression - 
World Recovery. The pamphlets 
may be obtained from the fore- 
going address for twenty-five cents 

us. Wehaveaimosi i.i^ .-.-•- ^ 





*N. Y. City (201 mile /one) 


Washington. D.C. . . . 



ABoslOn (ISI mile tone) . . 

ASt. Louis 

A.St. Paul 

AKansas City 


aDcs Moines 

♦Hartford (t) 

Cincinnati (f) 

ADetroit (t) 

AOmaha (t) 

Prices f.o.b. City i.i% I est 
Class 1 Class 1 1 Class 1 1 




















$ ."^/'v 

I .4:)m 







- - 


















fat Di(f- 



















♦ Under State Control Board supervision; a Under A A A milk marketing 1* 
(t) May prices: x Average of variations within class; b— To he determined »<f 
to butter; m More than three price claMcs, others not included. 

to do anything about the pro 
Kthat threaten us. Roger Babson 
phas said that this is the first de- 
Bpression in our history that men 
have faced without faith. Right 
here. 1 believe, is the supreme 
challenge of the hour. We must 
have faith; faith in ourselves, in 
the finer possibilities within us; 
faith that we can hold on; faith 
that we can carry on; and more 
than all this, we must have faith 
in our fellow men. By having faith 
i in common ordinary men. we ele- 
ivate them out of the lower levels 
into something higher. And unless 
I we have that faith as a part of this 
I co-operating spirit we are never 
going to have a real co-operative 
I association. You have got to have 
i faith in men. faith in men's ability 
to work out their problems in co- 
operation. For if we cannot do it 
- together, we can never do it by 
working alone. 

To have faith in our organization 
may be difficult, because it is made 
up of members just like ourselves. 

spark of something which shall be 
to this organization what the 
electric current is to the electric 
locomotive. Once having turned 
on that dynamic power, you can 
go on into the future, leading the 
way into a better tomorrow and a 
stronger and more vital lite. 

One last plea; do everything 
under heaven to unite your forces, 
and draw yourselves together, mo- 
tivated and made dynamic by the 
co-operating spirit that shall lead 
to victorious achievement. 

Sandy: "What's the trouble, 
jock^ You seem so sad." 

Jock: " "lis enough to make one 
sad I'm on my honeymoon and 
couid-no-ford to bring my wife. 

She: "Henry, dear, we have been 


going together now for more tl 
ten years. Don't you think 
ought to get married :> 

He: "Yes, you re right 
who'll have us?" 




The most reliable type of equipment Great »"''P>"^P°rf''~ 
over'ze parts-costs less to run-and ^--I-^-^J.^IT the 
life ••M&E" compressors are found on thousands 01 rne 
ttern dairy farm's. Complete range of -cs and ype 
from 173 lb up to largest. All automatic. Llectr.c or 
gasoline drive-^ _^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^. ,,„,„„„„„, .,k.m ks at 
xi7RMT^NTl/tr SAl/NGSf 

For catalogs, local dealers names, or en^jm.crmK data wr.te- 





if handling 'MfttE" 
inquiry is invited. 

«■ tOiwa N«' 

Page 12 


Reduce Dairy Herd to 

Balance Feed Supply 

Dairy herds should be carefully 
adjusted to the amount of feed on 
hand or in prosp>ect. says Professor 
E. B. Fitts of the Dairy Depart- 
ment at Pennsylvania State Col- 

Dry weather has caused a serious 
shortage of hay and other rough- 
ages on many dairy farms. This 
condition, coupled with rising prices 
for feeds of all kinds, would seem 
to make it urgent that an adjust- 
ment of herds to feed supplies be 
started very soon. 

Fitts suggests that wherever a 
reduction in herd numbers is desir- 
able that a careful check be made 
and that the weeding out begin 
with the least efficient animals. 
Old cows, defective udders, and 
disease might well have first atten- 
tion. Then a careful check on the 
milk production of each cow will 
show where to begin in weeding out 
on the production basis. Only 
enough heifers should be kept to 
maintain the herd. Any heifer 
that does not give promise of de- 
veloping into an extra good cow 
probably should be eliminated. 

In times of feed shortage and 
high feed prices all inefficient 
animals should be kept away from 
the feed supply. A few good cows 
well fed will return far greater net 
returns than a larger number of 
cows that are under-fed, Fitts 
emphasizes. Adjustment of the 
dairy herd during the summer and 
fall to the winter feed supply will 
aid greatly in reducing milk pro- 
duction costs during the winter, 
Fitts reminds. 

masonry or concrete foundation 
walls not less than 1 8 inches above 
grade to resist running or grass fires. 

Extinguishers of soda or dry 
types are of great value if available. 

Making available nearby and 
adequate water supply for use by 
volunteer bucket birgade or town 
niimner A water hole, cistem or 
pond will suffice. Delivery of 
water under pressure and taps fre- 
quently spaced with hose attached, 
often aid in quenching a fire of in- 
cipient nature. Water barrels 
strategically located and holding a 
calcium chloride mixture are effec- 
tive in quenching fire. 

Adequate curing of hay. particu- 
larly leguminous varieties. 

The use of fire-resistive construc- 
tion where new structures are built. 

Lists Sixteen Rules 

For Fire Prevention 

Adequate curing of hay. parti- 
cularly of leguminous varieties, 
and making available nearby an 
adequate water supply for use by 
volunteer bucket brigade or town 
pumper, are advanced by W. C. 
Krueger. extension agricultural en- 
gineer at Rutgers University, as 
two of the most important con- 
siderations in the prevention of fire 
on the farm. 

"The following methods of fire 
prevention, suggested by the Mas- 
sachusetts State College engineer, 
apply very well to our own condi- 

Prevention of smoking and the 
carrying of lighted cigars or cigar- 

Avoidance of open fires and care- 
less use of matches. 

Careful use of lanterns. 

Preventing the accumulation of 

Systematic cleaning of floors. 

Repair of roofing to prevent 
leaks which might start spontane- 
ous combustion. 

Provision for separate storage of 
oils, gasoline and lubricants. 

Provision of separate storage for 
automobiles, trucks and tractors. 

All wiring to comply with both 
code and local requirements and to 
be inspected and passed upon. 

Lightning rods installed to com- 
ply with code and bearing Under- 
writers' Label. 

Replacement of wood shingles or 

other type of inflammable roofing 

with a fire-resistive type not lower 

than Underwriters' Class "C." 

Replacement of wooden piers with 

Dairy Council Plans 

The Dairy Council's "six-point 
program" for consumer education 
has stimulated the use of dairy 
products in areas where Council 
units are located. This fact was 
revealed by reports made at the 
annual conference of the Council 
held in Chicago, June 11-15. Vari- 
ous correlated and supporting acti- 
vities of the unified program have 
proved of additional value to the 
industry in local territories. 

The Councils' national program 
for the coming year follows the 
same general plan. The different 
types of work fall under the follow- 
ing heads, which in each case sug- 
gest the cooperating agency and 
the type of activity: (I) health 
departments and medical profes- 
sion including; (2) dental programs 
and activities for other professional 
groups; (3) school programs which 
reach children of all grade levels 
including special projects for; (4) 
home economics students and; (3) 
parents cooperating with the school 
in the school-health program; (6) 
an inclusive adult education pro- 
gram for the general consuming 
public with special plans for adults 
reached through such channels as 
industrial plants, social service 
agencies and various organized 

In addition to the specific lines 
of endeavor grouped under the 
unified program the entire Dairy 
Council organization will be united 
in coop>erating with the industry in 
a forceful drive for consumer edu- 
cation. Especially will this cam- 
paign be directed through various 
potent channels of education, pub- 
licity and advertising to the adult 
consumer and to the homemaker 
who controls the purchase of the 
family's food. 

The program will be adapted 
with suitable appeals and materials 
to the different groups to be reach- 
ed, with the multiple aspects of the 
varied program dovetailing togeth- 
er into a unified effort. Thus will 
the program gather force to attain 
its well-defined objective. Among 
the various appeals to be used this 
year flavor will be emphasized. The 
consumer will be reminded that 
dairy products "taste good" and 
help to make other foods taste 
better. Attractive materials of 
various typ)es are now in prepara- 
tion to be used by the Council next 
year in "selling" dairy products. 

Mention the Milk Producers' 
Review when answering advertise- 

Don^t pay a penalty 

for City Traffic 

IVVilk Producers^ KevK-w 



West Chester; Pa., and Philadelphia^ 


.,. *tox.--M 

>Jo. 4 

<* * 

ntrol Board Activities 


rder Thirteen Causes Trouble 

RURAL dwellers who do most 
of their driving in the coun- 
try, run much less risk of acci- 
dent than city traffic drivers. An 
automobile accident policy with 
P.T.F. gives you all the advan- 
tages of special low rates for 
living in the country and doing 
most of your driving on safe 
country roads. Full protection 
with absolute safety. Assets of 
the P.T.F. are nearly $1,000.- 

IVe Protect You Under |/^onditions are looking better 

., „ .,./•* rl TWePennsvlvanJaMilkLontrol 

Ne^ Responsibility ^«A^^„^;ai" expected in the future 

to be more reasonable, more cogni- 

The new Financial Respoi^^^ of conditions and the opcra- 
bility law may cause you toltion of economic law. cuUine out' all grade "A" bonuses 

your license if you have an at Thus far its policies have been b ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

dent and are not protected, (unsettled. . It »^- /-"j^^^^^^X hundred. The dealer could make 
, ■ ,, orders setting prices and praciices j^ j ^^e producer would 

policy gives you complete p^^j^^ ^^ich the dairy industry of ""^"7 °" '^^^" j^o. those producers 

and there is now more Grade A 
milk than needed. How simple to 
close a receiving station save the 
cost of operating it. haul the milk 
direct as grade "B" milk, getting It 

for 10 cents less a hundred and 

unaer wiu^n v. .v. y - 

tection. paying lawyers teesipgnnsylvania was to function, i nt. 
damages. You can't afford experience of the industry, of both 
drive your car without it. producers and distributors, was 

called for before writing these 
orders. Unfortunately, important 
parts of that experience were dis- 
regarded. . , 
, ,„.. As a result, the orders did not 

Pennsylvania Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Casualty lnsuran«*^jjjgj 7hcy were unsatisfac- 

325 S. 18th St., Harrisburg:, Pa. ►-r,, tn all narties. Orders were 


Our IVorkmcn Compensation Policy provides protection for 
both employer and employee and has returned a substantial 
dividend every year. 


-followed by amendments to the 
orders and eventually by new 
orders which, in turn, were amend- 

Plain everyday economics was 
disregarded along with the ex- 
Payroll nerience of those who were scUing 

•^ . , .1 _-:ll. U ..,^Q u..n- 

I OQay ^^^^ ^f ^^^ j^^^i 



Pa. T. & F. Mutual Casualty Ina. Co., HarrUburg, Pa. 

Gentlemen: I am interested in - 

Business , 


Name . . 


This inquiry does not obligate me in any way 

and buying the milk. It was gen- 
erally believed that some of the 
features would not stand up in the 
courts if brought to such a test. 
At least, no test case was tried in 
spite of the many open violations 
brought to the attention of the 


Despite these numerous changes 
there was peace in the industry 
under the control board order num- 
1* ber 8 with its amendments. T his 
order was effective from late in May 
until July 18th when it was super- 
seded by the well-known order 
number I 3. which incidentally, was 
issued on Friday, the 13th of July. 
This order raised havoc. Most 

The Review Is YOUR Pap 

You Can Help It By- 
Reading It Carefully 
Writing In Your Views 

Answering Its Advertisers " ^ u Most plan tor nuia mmv «.^«o 

We Want to Make It Bigger and Better Help Us Do J,^;'^ The mdus'y areTa loss'To complete abandcmment oUny^-^- 

money uu n "•'" ••"•- r . 

hold the sack. No. those producers 
would not be shut off. they would 
just have to take "B pnces fo^ 
milk that formerly brought A 

^"U might still be argued that the 
receiving station shipper in out- . 
lying sections would gain. tie 
would if he could be sure of 
holding his market. But there is 
nothing in the order to insure him 
of his market nothing to keep the 
owner of such a station from con- 
verting it into a factory for making 
butter, or cheese, or evaporated 
milk, or ice cream mix. or as just a 
receiving station for sweet cream 
only any of which would bring 
lower prices. It makes those pro- 
ducers want the old policy rein- 
stated and without de ay. 

One other objectionable feature 
of the discredited order 13 was 
complete abandonment of produc- 
tion control. The basic-surplus 
plan was dropped and nothing 
put in its place. No reason was 
given except that "it had not cori- 
troUed production. U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture reports show 
a slight decrease in this area. 

Admitted even by its strongest 
advocates as not being perfect, the 
basic surplus plan stands out as the 
one workable production control 
plan for fluid milk areas. 1 he 

committeed in the name of the 
control board and culnainating in 
order 13. that compelled the Board 
of Directors of your Association 
to demand that changes be made 
in the board. This challenge caused 
other dairy groups consisting ol 
producers from all parts of the 
state to raise their voices against 
the control board. 

Things happened. The news- 
papers on Friday morning. July Z/. 
carried the news that Dr. H. ^. 
Reynolds had turned in his resigna- 
tion which was accepted by the 
Governor. No reasons were given. 
None were needed. 

That vacancy was hlled on 

August 6 by the appointment of 
H D Steele of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Steele knows milk marketing. As 
secretary of the Dairymen s Co- 
operative Sales Association he has 
b^gained for producers. He knows 
their needs and problems. He has 
had the needed contacts with dis- 
tributors. And he has served in an 
advisory capacity with the A. A. A^ 
at Washington on its milk licensing 
work. Above all, he has the repu- 
tation for square dealing and fair- 
ness which will be valuable m 
helping the other members of the 
control board gain the cooperation 
they deserve from the state dairy 


— — — -^^^ understand how it obtained the 

DOWN GOES BACTERIA COUN ro^ir^.!,:. hCs";,pliaUy 

^^ -.^ ^_^-. severe on the Philadelphia sales 

^area as it cut the price of all milk 
\for the area by 10 cents a hundred 
'i pounds. This meant that milk 
i^ hauled directly from farm to deal- 
er's bottling plant would bring the 
farmer 10 cents less per hundred 
give the dealer a 10 cent wider 

1 1 ehminated entirely the 1 6 cent 

I receiving station charge, because 

the 16 cents was "more than actual 

cost" but without going on record 

as to what the cost is. By simple 

arithmetic this would give the 

receiving station shipper 6 cents 

more a hundred pounds, but plain 

economics raises a question on the 

ability of those producers to got it. 

Many nearby receiving stations 

are listed as "Grade A" stations 

"After installing Eaco Milk Cooler, my average bac- 
teria count went down to 3800 my 
premium the first month was 
$22 30." A. O. Murray. Penna. 
Thousands of dairymen are getting 
better milk ... and MAKING 
MORE M0NF:Y by using ESVO 





"How to Get 

Milk Profits 

. . . The 

The E.8CO principle has been de- 
monstrated to be the most depend- 
able and efficient method devised 
for economically cooling milk. 

See how easily you too can reduce 
your bacteria count. ^Write today. 

ESCO CABINET CO.. We.t Chettcr, P«. 


I am making .. _ .cans of milk a day. PleaM ••* 

information on KSCO Milk Coolers, Utensil Steriliaen •• 
Water Heaters also rRi:K liooklet 'HOW TO GET Bit 


trol is considered by economists 
and practical dairymen who are 
looking beyond 1934 as a serious 
mistake which is likely to flood this 
market with milk, breaking prices 
and establishing a situation whicli 
would requires years to correct. 

These changes were injected into 
the last order without known con- 
sultation with the industry. 1 he 
order was so objectionable that 
protests poured into I larrisburg 
from all parts of the state. I he 
only supporters that could be 
found were such portions o the 
public press which apparently know 
nothing and care less about dairy 
economics and the thoroughly and 
completely discredited Allied Dairy 
Farmers' Association. Whether 
any connection exists between such 
interests and order I 3 we have not 
been able to learn. 

ll was tiiis succession ol errors 

The Control Board's Opportunity 

months career. It appears lo i mdustry 

t^^::^:' ^U:l:: t^^^H^^rtnel was to^ame for 

-^^A^C^'fas been made i" ^l. t^;!/ ^I^-^e r!:^ng 
confidence in the new member of the board and ^^ 

members originally appointed. The Board^^^ P ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

ahead, adopt sound policies and new tactics, anu 
to Pennsylvania's dairy '"^stry. position as media- 

own making. „.ii^Ulp market for all their milk they 

Producers must fnd a reliable ""^'^^1'° j ji^bi^ source 

wish to sell. Distributors must l^^^^^VcLstrms and conditions. 

ity of protecting the consumers '"^^^^f ^^^ J^f^,'^,\Xlntage of the 
=minT;uSrrwtrd'tX^^rr^du^ approval t. 

such features. ^^^ distributors had developed a 

■"'"'srch .rit'^rjle no, only entcceaUo. bu. aasily enforced 
The p:r;Viwl,„ helped develop ,. would be "P^lft.'" 'crsuch v.ol 
fZ^Z Z'l^:rtTo&en":,ot:l^ :S\e w.ned 
'■'"' Ijil Tl -rtTuld ;;l"eU"lerrrL .1. n,ilk eon.rol board, less 

drawing up such an order I '"^^ ' '' ^ cariations 

oflha' he. tiutwcmus mc statement of that or similar 

tn say that we hcreh ^J^^^.^^ ^ ^ho2o utter such die stories for 
"''r'"';rAl /'tuf/." r^nV/Ac!;i/K.r.s Who perpetuate such malicious 
':;:ZS^PPa^Xn unwittingly as tool, officious propoganJists. 

Address . 




Uniform Inspections 
Asked by Association 

Darn mspcv-nOi., _ 

of all milk producers, came in for a 
lot of discussion on July 12th when 
your association president, B. H. 
Welty. met with state agriculture 
and health officials of the Phila- 
delphia milk shed. This meeting 
was called by Welty as an out- 
growth of the resolution passed at 
the last annual meeting of your 
association. This resolution re- 
quested that the association call in 
these officials to work toward the 
development of uniform inspection 
standards for all farms in the milk 
shed regardless of the state m 
which the milk or cream produced 
on a farm may be sold. 

At present the producer is sub- 
ject to the inspection requirements 
of any and all states in which his 
milk distributor may be selling 
milk. ELach of those states has a 
right to send an inspector to his 
farm and the city or municipality 
in which the milk is sold may also 
impose such an inspection. As a 
result a producer may be subject to 
half a dozen or more different 
inspections altho this number sel- 
dom exceeds two or three. 

These inspection standards all 
aim at insuring a supply of milk 
that is clean and safe. But each 
defines the needed equipment for 
producing such milk on a slightly 
different basis. This makes it 
difficult to comply with all regu- 
lations because there is a certain 
amount of conflict among them. 
The differences are considered by 
most authorities as minor in char- 
acter, yet it is these small differ- 
ences—such as the distance from 
barn to milk house, the window 
area in the stable walls, the method 
of handling manure, the details of 
milk house construction, or the 
type of stable in which cows are 
housed which cause many milk 
producers to consider inspections 
an evil. These factors all have an 
influence on the quality of milk 
but the differences between regu- 
lations are so slight as to have 
practically no effect. 

Minor Conflicts 

In other words, a milk house in a 
certain location may meet the 
regulations of one state but be two 
feet too close to the barn to comply 
with the regulations of another 
state. Or the milk house may be 
satisfactorily located today but be 
too close to the barn 30 days hence. 

Anothercomplicaling feature that 
interferes with uniform inspection 
standards is the right of a munici- 
pality to adopt standards of its 
own. Most municipal standards are 
more strict than state standards 
and they show even more varia- 
tions. It sometimes appears that 
local health officers object to ac- 
cepting any inspection other than 
their own, perhaps because of lack 
of confidence in the work of others 
and often because of interest in 
maintaining a job. 

One uniform inspection standard 
would mean that one inspector 
with one standard would do the 
work. That inspection would be 

arrontable to all States which may 
be interested, thus avoiding the 
confusion, misunderstanding and 
ill feeling that might be caused by 
another inspector from another 
state coming in a few weeks later 
and demanding technical, though 
costly, changes. With capable 
inspectors the work will be done 
fairly and with consideration and 
would stay done until the next 
regular inspection (or special in- 
spection under the same authority). 
It was the aim of the conference 
called by Mr. Welty to accomplish 
such a goal. It also desired to 
permit major changes in standards 
only at infrequent intervals, per- 
haps every 3 or 5 years. This would 
help assure the cooperation of 
milk producers for then they would 
know that when their premises 
were fixed properly they would 
remain acceptable. 

Three States Represented 

The secretaries of agriculture 
and chairmen of the boards of 
health of New Jersey, Pennsylva- 
nia, Delaware and Maryland were 
all invited. Those who attended 
were R. W. Beckett, Delaware 
State Board of Health; Ralph C. 
Wilson, Delaware State Secretary 
of Agriculture; John V. Bishop of 
the New Jersey State Board of 
Health; J. L. Young of the New 
Jersey Department of Agriculture; 
John A. McSparran, Pennsylvania 
State Secretary of Agriculture; 
Edward E. Behrens of the Phila- 
delphia Department of Health; 
and W. T. Derickson of the Dela- 
ware Department of Markets. 

In addition, the Maryland Secre- 
tary of Agriculture and Chairman 
of the Board of Health signified 
their intentions to attend but 
failed to appear at the appointed 
time and place. 

Your association was represented 
by its president. R. H. Welty. and 
by H. D. Allebach. sales manager, 
and I. Ralph Zollers, executive 
secretary. Dr. E. G. Lechner of 
the quality control department of 
the' Dairy Council was also present. 
It was brought out at the confer- 
ence that the Boards of Health of 
Pennsylvania, Delaware and Mary- 
land, set up the standards applying 
in their own states while the 
standards in New Jersey are set 
by legislative enactment. For this 
reason it was believed that any 
standard which might be set up 
would have to comply with the 
New Jersey standards which are 
considered the highest in this area. 
North Jersey controls the legisla- 
ture so it was considered as a 
difficult if not impossible task to 
adjust New Jersey regulations to 
comply with any compromise that 
might be agreeable to the rest of 
this area. 

barometers That Point to Dairy Progress 

\y DR- T. B. SYMONS, 
Wctor Extension Service, 
Jniversity of Maryland 

ddress at Seventeenth Annual Meeting 

An Expression of Appreciation 
to A. A. Miller 

4 s WE ASSEMHi.F- here, my 
\ mind goes back to the his- 
■\ toric conferences which were 
Jd in this city in the early days of 

fr o-try, and the -omentous 
iisions that were made May 
e not emulate the example of our 
Ja hers by approaching our 
^1 ferns in the same constructive 

5 broad--ded spirit as they 

^•:^n!^-n and its leaders 
,e o be congratulated upon he 

Lrcss that has been made in the 
2fy mdustry m this territory in 
» last few years. 
\c are in a critical period of he 

• ;r 'mtrv as well as other 
You have done a good job ^^^^^ of agriculture, and other in 
havp made vour imoression .....,;»o Tlie fact 

You have served well. Gus. i ou nave uoiie a ruwu juu jjases ol agn^u"-^"-"^', 1 u^me 

and earned many friends. You have made your impression u^tries. The fact isbroughin 
upon the dairy industry of the Philadelphia milk shed. , ^g ^o forcefully that we cannoi 
Therefore, we of the Board of Directors of the Inter-State 
% Mt, T-> 1 • A • ..: I 1 • '" ■ ' •' • 

Milk Producers' Associat 
we publicly express ou 
rendered by you to ou 
and members. 

We all know you as "Gus." That is th 
;ferred ever since you came to the Inter 

■ A ;..»;„„ ir, 1070 »/-« ocfnltlia^ tUi' 

; name you nave 
State Milk Pro- 

lion of the fac- 
to a problem is 
».,v.nd and practical 
Olution. 1 am convinced that 
. here is now a much more general 

e nameyou h^ave " , ^^ f^ce facts and make a 

Utermined effort to find solutions 
has been the case during^most 

Tiber. \9U. was of the" best ** ^^i^oSgrno^assigned a definite 

,ws-- "- 1' — ■— -fgcly occasioned by hard work j^^ ^^ remarks they might 

,„ the interests of this paper and our association, which ^^^^.^ji^j "Barometers That Point 

compelled you at that time to relinquish your duties. ^ [jaxry Progress." Most of you 

Wc are publishing this expression of appreciation in the we thinking, no J*"" ,,ji vou\ha^ 

name of all our members and friends, knowing they all wish jarometer is needed lo ic y 

you a quick return to complete good health. tX^rZ^^^^ ^ ^^ '^^T 

The Board of Directors, . . • . .l_ „» .« nvpr. In the 

Inter-State Milk Producers' Association, 

By 1. Ralph Zollers, Executive Secretary 

preferred ever since you came to the Inter-itate IVlilk rro- 

ducers" Association in 1920 to establish the Milk Producers' ^"^ 

Review. Your service as editor and business manager of j "^j. 

this publication until September, I9J3. was of the best. * °j^j 
We regret the poor health, largely occasioned by hard work . 

in the interests of this paper and our association, which ^ \ 

More Work Needed 

The task appears formidable 
and results can be accomplished 
only through hard work and educa- 
tion. This is not the end of our 
efforts but the beginning of an 
exchange of ideas which should 

result eventually in bringing to- 
gether the different interests con- 
cerned and the development of 
uniform standards which will apply 
to our entire territory. 

Do Repair Work Now 

With the arrival of the farmers' 
building and repair season, neces- 
sary work should be undertaken as 
soon as possible, says L. R. Gross, 
agricultural engineer for the State 
Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Rutgers University. 

"Always having enough to do, 
the farmer must plan to grasp the 
slightest let-up in work during the 
middle of the summer, overlook thi 
heat, and do the necessary repair 
ing about his farm buildings," Mr. 
Gross advises. "Summer is most 
ideal for such work for carpentry is 
easier, concreting is safer and 

the storm la an^^^j — 
dairy business, in fact, we are hope 
ful that the worst is over. In the 
meantime we may well analyze the 
mcst fundamental factors that will 
lead toward conserving the indus- 

harvested, and enough hay ^Production Barometer 

grain are stored to prevent ma .. 

repairs on storages, hay mowsa !„ these days, when we are^aU 

seven years up and seven years 
down. During the first seven 
y^rs. the prices of cows show a 
constant increase, the market is 
fairly stable, and heifer calves are 
raised, until we reach a high peak 
LTproduction which results in low 
for cattle and surplus ot 
S. We then have to go through 
a seven-year period of difficulty 
fittle or no profit, until production 
is reduced and we start the cycle 

°'we'C' now going through a 
period of excessive P'-oducticn. 

It goes without saying that it is 
practically impossible for an indi- 
vidual to keep in close touch with 
these trends of affairs in the dairy 
ndustry. An orgamzation such 
as ths together with our educa- 
i^nafagencies should constantly 
keep before the membership the 
tren'd of events so as to help them 
.void the embarrassment that is 
now bemg experienced by so many 
of our dairymen. 

Records for the State of Penn- 
1 „;.^ alinw an increase in cow 
p:,puTafion"f:om 860.000 in 1931 
^o 904.000 in 1933. Along with such 
ncreases there has been a decline 
.n consumption of fluid mdk be 
cause of lower consumer purchas 
■ng power. It does not seem strange 
therefore, that the industry is in a 

critical situation. 

would urge that this organiza- 
tion give most earnest considera- 
ion to the development of a policy 
whereby the industry in this terr - 
Tory may U stabilized to the great 

ir^^t t^rmsible and that inc 
est extent possiun- « • i j 

"dividual members may be guided 
«aiinst the recurring ups and 
'downs wh,ch result in loss to ,^cm^ 
I ilcewise 1 would urge just as 
Strongly that the membership co- 
operate with each other and with 
their organization in carrying out 

such stabilizing policies. 

The Barometer of Low Cost 

productive capacity and dispose of 
the unprofitable animals. 

We might well keep our eyes 
much more closely on the baro- 
meter of disease than in the past 
For several years we have focused 
our attention upon ehminating 
tuberculosis from our dairy herds 
and we have achieved results. 
Bang's disease, or contagious abor- 
tion is exacting even a heavier toll 

upon Maryland's dairy industry 
and 1 have every reason to beheve 
that the situation '«"ot materially 
different in Pennsylvania About 
one-fourth of Maryland s dairy 
herds are affected and we are 
hoping to attack the trouble with 
as great or greater vigor than in 
the eradication of tuberculosis. 


llUll lliai lin-jr •-•■" ° . - 

quate attention to marketing lea- 
9 tures. Both the quantity and the 

quality of his production will al- 
Dairy Marketing ways be determining factors in his 

A complete review of marked marketing. His <^o«t of production 
agreements of the agriculture' will continue to be just as impor^ 
justment administration as tk» tant in determming his income 
refer to dairy products has )^ the price he receives, 
been ijublished by the Broob- , . j 4..., 

Institute of Washington. D. Cycles In the Industry 

This book includes an econoj ^^^^^^^ covering a long period 

easier, concreting is suic. ...m study of these agreements' of years show that the dairy indus- 

better, and paint flows more freely. traces their development and .^ subject to cycles approxi- 

"As far as possible, repair work eration. It was written by Ur ^^^^^i fourteen years in length, 
must be done while buildings are F. Lininger and sells for "JO cenf 
empty. Some crops are already copy. , 


Tgc of' cow, in Pennsylvania that 
Lrenot returning a profit to thcr 
owners is not so much lower han 

in my own »'«'- J .^^^ 27 MO 
vou have some Z^U.uuw lo *.« . 
^^ws that are being fed and milked 

without profit. should 

Is there anything that shouia 

give us more serious concern and 

spur us on to more definite action 

than these bare facts regarding our 
cow population^ It offers every- 
thL to gam with nothing to lose^ 
'h seems that the least we can do 

is o have our cows tested for their 

The Dairy Feed Barometer 

As a general rule, eastern dairy- 
men are inclined to purchase too 
much and raise too small a portion 

of the feed consumed by their dairy 
animals. Just now conditions are 
such that a sound feeding policy 
mvolves a reduction in our expen^ 
ditures for high-priced feeds and a 
greater use of the Pastures and 
forage crops. It is true that this 
policy does not secure the h.ghes 
production per cow. but careM 
tests have shown conclusively that 
it does reduce the cost per gallon 
of milk or per pound of butterfat^ 
After all. that is what makes the 
favorable showing on our balance 
Better Breeding Barometer 

Improvement of our dairy ani- 
mals by better breeding is still an 
important factor in the progress of 
the industry. It is my inclination 
to look to performance as a meas- 
ure of value of dairy cows. Unless 
purebreds can produce prohtably 
knd transmit production qualities 
it is difficult for me to attach great 
importance to their form or color 
or general beauty. 

Better bulls and more attention 
to the productive capacity of our 
dairy sires, as well as dams, w.l 
lead to more efficient and lower cost 

While 1 would not detract one 
iota from the tremendous import- 
ance of the marketing phases o 
our business, let us never lose sight 
of the fact that the farmer can con- 
trol more factors affecting his in- 
come right on his farm, than he w^l 
ever be able to control after the 
product leaves his place. Let us 
ever keep in mind this tact. 

The Consumption Barometer 

1 come now to a barometer in 
our dairy industry upon which we 
may well keep our eyes focused 
constantly. I refer to consumer 

^Tt'must be realized that in our 
system of marketing, a surplus 

--„»u;.,., tK«t will not sel 

means »v*iii^<^ » - »l;„o 

at a price. It might be something 
for which there is great need. But 
if it can not be bought at the pr ce^ 
then it gets thrown away -it it is 
'^rishable. Or it gets stored away 
L if it is not perishable. What 
could be used and what can be 
bought may be two very different 

''"pending a time when we can 
induce our people to drink a suffi- 
cient quantity of milk for their own 
good, and pending a time when the 
purchasing power of consumers has 
been restored, we are confronted 
with these burdensome '"•'pluse. 
and dairymen and cooperative 
associations are harrassed in their 
endeavors to adjust the situation m 

some way. , ,• „^_ • 

1 have been a strong believerin 
the so-called basic and surp us 
plan carried out by our marketmg 
associations. 1 am convinced that 
this plan deserves much of the 
credit for the remarkable progress 
made by the dairy industry in this 
^rritory. and other milk shed, 
where It lias been in practice durmg 

the last ten years. This, it seems 
to me. is a practical and workab e 
nlan and yet many farmers are 
attempting to break their affiliation 

with their associations in an en- 
deavor to accede to the desires of 
certain distributors who are offer- 
ing them a flat price. 

It is natural that a flat price 
tempts the dairyman who does not 
understand the complexities in the 
sale of this product. But no farm- 
:: would willingly destroy their 
own market, and the welfare of 
their brothers, 'f they were thor- 
oughly aware of all the facts m the 
case Therefore, it seems to me 
that the cooperative assoc.atmns 
and our educational agencies should 
exert every effort toward getting 
the facts before the membership. 
While they are intricate, they are 
not more complicated than the 
many problems associated with 

nrrduction. , _^ 

'^ I have heard recently some 
criticism of the su >pcrt of Dan-y 
Council work. It .s my opinion 
that when producers thoroughly 
understand the facts, they will not 
only agree to, but will heartily 
?avor the educational efforts de- 
signed to impress upon consumers 
the need and desirability for using 

more milk. . i iJ 

Suppose the dairy industry should 
launch into an advertising cam- 
paign such as the cigarette people 
engage in when they wish to in- 

iK^lr sales or to raise the 
crease their saies. i^i 

price without decreasing sales. We 

cinnot visualize what the results 

;^ht be Oftentimes indirect 

LTve tising through the Dairy 

run than direct advertising. Cer- 

ainly. we should not lose sight of 
the ever-present consumption baro- 

(Continuad on pag« ») 








Official Organ of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Aasociation. Inc. 

H. E. Jamiion. Editor and Business Manager 

Elizabeth Mc. G. Graham. Editor 

Home and Community Department 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
froducers Association, Inc. 

Business Offices 

Rint Building. 2\9 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

23i E. Gay St.. West Chester. Pa. 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelphia office) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Hint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa 

Bell Phones. Locust 5391 Locust 5392 

Keystone Phone, Race 5344 

Printed by Horace F. Temple, Inc. 
West Chester, Pa. 


50 cents a year in advance 

Advertising rates on application 

"Entered as second-class matter. June 3. 1920. 
at the post office at West Chekter. Pennsylvania, 
under the Act ol March 3. 1879." 

Approval Obtained 

Philadelphia now has a milk 
marketing committee which is to 
operate in cooperation with the 
Pennsylvania Milk Control Board. 
Word of approval of this committee 
reached your association offices on 
August 1st, more than 12 weeks 
after it was elected by producers 
supplying milk to Philadelphia, 

The committee consists of G, 
Walter Sharpless, Chester County. 
B, H, Welty, Franklin County, 
who has since been elected Inter- 
State president; and Charles Whit- 
taker, Huntingdon County, 

The election of the committee 
was held at Harrisburg on May 4th 
and Inter-State members had only 
two days notice. Interest was so 
intense, however, that hundreds 
turned out and elected men loyal to 
the true interests of milk producers 
at a meeting which appeared as 
designed to "railroad" a certain 
faction into power. 

No reason was ever given for the 
delay in the announcement but it 
is significant that approval was 
givenshortly after personnel changes 
were made on the board. (See 
page 15 of the May Milk Produc- 
ers' Review for a more complete 

Producers Want It 

After one year without it, pro- 
ducers supplying the Pittsburgh 
market want back the basic surplus 
plan of selling their milk. One year 
was enough. By a vote of 1443 to 
632 they asked its return in a poll 
recently taken at local meetings of 
the [Dairymen's Cooperative Sales 
Association. The alternative in the 
voting was selling under the pool 
plan which was tried in its place 
and, presumably, was considered 
the best alternative. 

We have contended repeatedly 
that no selling plan has been de- 
vised that can work as satisfactorily 
as the basic surplus plan. Pitts- 
burgh's experience is one more con- 
firmation of that contention. Many 
other markets have used the basic- 
surplus system, listened to ballyhoo 

against it, abandoned it. and then 
were only too glad to return to this 
only proved effective means of 
production control. 

The officers of your association 
are to be congratulated in standing 
by their guns in the defense of this 
one feature which has been so im- 
portant in making and keepmg 
Philadelphia one of the best fluid 
milk markets in the country. 

The End of the Trail 

His goose hung high ten years 
ago. In fact it was laying golden 
eggs for him. But now Aaron 
Sapiro is afoul the law. He has 
entered pleas of bankruptcy with 
liabilities $166,575 in excess of 
assets. More recently he was 
indicted by a Federal grand jury 
for attempting to tamper with 

Who is he? Just one of those 
clever lawyers who styled himself 
an expert on farmers' cooperatives. 
He helped organize the U, S. Grain 
Growers, Inc., which never did 
anything for the farmers but did 
plenty to them — including using 
their money for immense salaries, 
making big (and impossible) prom- 
ises, and finally leaving the asso- 
ciation with a terrible deficit. 

Similar records can be cited with 
other "coof)cratives" which he 
helped organize. In fact, he 
attempted at one time to meddle 
in the Philadelphia milk market 
but your association officers would 
have none of him. Recent develop- 
ments proved their judgment to be 

Beware of such "helpers." 

The Austrians Have 
a Word For It 

"Putsch " is a word frequently 
in the news of late. It refers to the 
Austrian trouble which resulted in 
the assassination of Chancellor 
Dolfuss. There is no English word 
of similar meaning. 

The "putsch" is described as a 
bold and unexpected stroke accom- 
plished while the victim is off 
guard. A meaning also applied to 
it is "an abortive uprising with 
absurd features." 

Yes, we know something about 
them. Your own association was 
the victim of one to the tune of 
$4,010 to pay for such an uprising 
supported by a legal technicality 
and filled with plenty of absurd 

Send Us Your Views, Too 

We intended to comment edi- 
torially upon the extra cost of the 
election of directors under super- 
vision of the court. H. K. Martin 
lias done this so effectively, how- 
ever, that we merely ask you to 
read his letter on page 10. 

Incidentally, we wish more of our 
readers would send in their views. 
We would be glad to publish sev- 
eral letters in every issue, asking 
only that they be sound and con- 
structive and that they deal with 
program or policies with personali- 
ties left out. 

Popular Credit Source 

One hundred thousand farmers 
have joined their cooperatively 
managed production credit associa- 
tions in the past few months, ac- 
cording to an announcement made 

August 3 by W. Forbes Morgan, 
!--> . /~- r . 1 r- „ _ 

L^cpuiy \_iuvci(lvJt *Ji iiic I aim 

Credit Administration. The 660 
production credit associations al- 
ready have made or approved loans 
to their 100,000 members amount- 
ing to more than $60,000,000, 

Farmers borrow from these asso- 
ciations to finance the production, 
harvesting and marketing of their 
crops, to finance their livestock 
operations, to purchase seed, feed, 
fertilizer, spray materials, work- 
stock, livestock, machinery and 
equipment, or for general agricul- 
tural purposes. 

Study Marketing 
of Surplus Milk 

Appointment of Dr, Leland Spen- 
cer, Professor of Marketing at 
Cornell University, to make a spec- 
ial study of the problem of market- 
ing surplus milk as it affects farmer 
cooperatives was announced by 
the Farm Credit Administration 
recently. The work will be carried 
out under the direction of the 
Cooperative Division, and will in- 
clude other features of dairy mar- 

The handling of surplus milk is 
one of the complex problems con- 
fronting dairymen at present, it 
is said, and there is a keen interest 
among cooperative organizations 
for a careful analysis of all the 
factors concerned. 

Dr. Spencer's study is designed 
also to supplement a survey made 
last year by the Cooperative Div- 
ision of milk marketing in the 
northeastern states. While his 
work will not be confined entirely 
to that area, the information he 
develops is expected to make an 
important addition to the research 
already done there. 

Dr, Spencer has done extensive 
research and teaching in the mar- 
keting of dairy products. He con- 
ducted special investigations for 
the tariff commission, and has 
made a number of surveys of milk 
marketing in New York. 

A Terrace in Time 
Saves Tons of Soil 

Farmers who wouldn't think of 
losing money by wearing trousers 
with holes in the pockets are losing 
money and are being robbed when 
rains carry fertile topsoil off their 
cultivated fields and wash gullies in 
tillable lands, says A, T. Holman. 
of the United States Bureau of 
Agricultural Engineering. 

Soil losses measured for 1933 at 
the Federal Erosion Farm at Beth- 
any, Mo., on terraced and unter- 
raced corn fields, show a soil loss 
more than seven times as great on 
the unterraced areas — 27.1 tons an 
acre from unterraced corn fields. 3.8 
tons from terraced corn fields. 

Holman, who made the measure- 
ments, calculates that erosion at this 
rate will strip 7 inches of productive 

topsoil from the unterraced 
about 35 years, " "' 
terraced, the 
by 86 pcrcen 

F^'Bconomic Factors in the Dairy Industry 

if it were kept continuously -^ ttx -^it TIT* A \7101D 

Terraces may be coL OR. F. P* WEAVbK, 
with simple equipment durir^ 

times when men and team' 

be idle. Tl '"• 


vhen men ana team' » -ir-i * 4- 

They cost little ca. aYicultural EcoTiomist, 

has his own equipmro i-*^*^* 
Good fertile lands: _.K,^«;^ StatC Colli 

reVra^ed^quTckiV'rnd^'Senm^li^ania State College 

steep rough gullied areas , «^ 

relatively large expendik i^ter-State Seventeenth Annual Meeting 

relatively large expenditii_ 
time and considerably more' 

Attend The Fairs 



( .»« I think that to take place now, and allow 
it might be well to take mW ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^j^ would be 

forced out of the industry, that 
condition would again correct it- 
self In other words, under the 
A A A. we are trying to correct 
conditions within our industry 
without resorting to bankruptcy. 

Production capacity is now in 
excess of demand but I do not be- 
lieve that this indicates any neces- 
sity for a permanent program ot 
production control in the industry. 
If you take dairy production over a 
period of years, we have not been 

It migni uc ..-.. 

consideration, because regard- 

, of any of the issues to be dis- 
e season for county (a^^J here today, or policies to oc 

be with us. We urge lowed, there are some funda- 

attend your nearest fair, scrotals within the industry that 
your neighbors are doing, thtjl have to be recognized by the 
ty of livestock they raise a^anization. no matter who is in 
quality of crops they grovijri'e of it. 

The important point is whether 
the other $100,000,000 that Con- 
gress has appropriated shall or shall 
not be spent in a program o re- 
ducing dairy herd.s. If that $100,- 
000,000 is spent, it must be re- ^J'^iTt^'Tg 'percent 

that compete with it. If a process- 
ing tax were to be put on dairy 
products 1 presume it 'S f*e ^o 
say that it would be paid Ijy the 
consumers. Pennsylvania, with 
about 10 percent of the nations 
consumers, would contribute about 

I.I ^ .. 

handled last year. ! thi. 

3 39 percent on their investment. 
f3ut a certain part of this •nvest- 
mcnt was allowed for goodwil 
and if you take out the goodwill 
allowance there was a profit made 
- '" — •■ I am not 

the profit 
nere lu say ...— ^ — ., *^ 

margin taken by the distributor is 
right or wrong, but 1 thmk that 
we will have to admit that industry 
would have to earn that much to 
attract capital. I do thmk a 
viewpoint regarding the dealer- 
spread that is fair to the distribu- 

consumer,, would contribute -bout 'P'""- J^ J',; ,„ ^c producer must 
,0 percent o( that proce,s,ng a. - - -"„;\„ ,„;,f Handled and 

quality ot crops they grov.arge of it. 

them as a standard of comp,The conditions which have exist- 
Watch the judging of crof in the dairy industry during the 
livestock, ask questions, andjt twelve months are conditions 
want to get the greatest p^^ have been known before. Back 
good out of the fair, enter y«„n 1915 to 1920 the dairy indu^- 
products. Whether you winy was undergoing economic diJti- 
the direct comparison wiE|ties very much like those we 
you the way to do still betttive g^ne through in the last 

period from 1930 on. we find 

,, . , , . At 

Kunning water is tound in'^y^ oecn huh^ "••• 

Pennsylvania farm homes, ipfom 1915 to 1920 we were in a 

to a recent report froi;,iod of rapidly rising prices. From 

department of agrici^3() to 1934 we have been in a 

ig in this modern conveijjioJ of rapidly falling prices. So 

are Lancaster county ''^' ' i:-i-i U»:>Kniit 

homes so equip|)ed. I 

Chester with 2660; ^ orK, ju,u ,,aiuij^ ^^ 

Westmoreland. 2230; and E^y cause of the present difficul 
2080. es in the dairy industry. From 

^13 to 1920 the dairy industry 


e pcriou II"'" ■ "" — . J 

. at in many respects these periods 
ling water is found in-^y^ been quite different, 
insylvania farm homes, 'ntn 

ing to a recent report fr-,j,ou ui i«h— j =■ 

state department of agrici^3() to 1934 we have been in a 
leading in this modern conve:,j,iQj of rapidly falling prices. ^^ 

y witlijatconditionswhich brought about 

follow decline in the general price level 

over-producing. The condition is 
what I call a cyclical one. and we 
are at the bottom of one of those 
cycles. Since 1926 we have been 
raising 15 to 20 percent more 
heifers than normal and from VZb 
to May 1933 slaughter of dairy 
cows was below normal. It is clear 
that the liquidation of these over- 
stocked herds will require a num- 
ber of years unless unusual meas- 
ures are used. 

aic i^ciii(.a9ici tuuiiiy wuiiiatconultlons wiiit-n "■""S"- , 

homes so equip|>ed. follow decline in the general price level , . Surolus Cows 

Chester with 2660; York, ,uia hardly be considered as the Eliminate surplus 

Any move that is aimed at cor- 
recting the unsatisfactory condi- 

?15 to 1920 the dairy industry ^.^^^ f^ ^^^ ^^^j^ „f j^i^y p^oduc- 

Inter-State Milk "-«|^°"V»^'= ^"i^'anized'^fr'm tion merits the careful considera- 

D 1 .A • *;erv largely unorganzed. trom ^ j^^ producers in the 

Producer 8 AssOCiatKgj,) ,„ ,934 dairymen in the large tion °r ^ ^.^^ ^H ^^^.^ ^^^^ 

FUn. BJ:Z:7:^TBr..6S,^\\k markets have been organized j ^, .^V' ^^^^ ^^j,^ ^^y^hing that 

Phiua.iphi., p.. 'herefore to say that lack 01 ^^.^^^ ^ temporary reduction ot 

, rganization has been 'f J^'^\°^ nroduction at the present time is 

^shTause of the difficulty would hardly 'J^^^^^j^'^^y program that calls 

n >.,-«. i» I rganization has 

l<rprea«ntinK over 22.0<JO l)»irv l«tw " - . 

in the PhiUHelphia Milk She 

OFFICERS e correct. 

H M Wclty. PrniHent 

n. II Wclty. rmident 

Raymond Marvel. Vice-Pmi<lenl ;,,_JnmAntal CHanSCS 
I Ralph /oiler.. K.erutive .SecreUtUnaameniai V-Il*liiS«=o 

I-. M. Twining, 'Ireaaurer ^ , 

I rank P. Wiiiit.. Aaaiat.nt rrea.ui» jherc havc bccn Certain funda- 

nental conditions in the period 

prOaUl,ll»-»i» ai '■••^ I ,. 

justified, any program that calls 
for permanent production control 
is not justified. 

I don't know what plans are in , ^, , j 

Washington at the present time. Control Needed 
but 1 know that Congress has re^ 

lU perceni ui i""<- 1^ ° 

On the other hand we produce Z or 
3 percent of all the dairy products 
in the United States, therefore. 
Pennsylvania would be in a posi- 
tion to get back possibly 3 percent 
of the benefits from that tax. 

Who Would Pay Tax 

Statistics now available indicate 
that when you raise the price of 
butter, you reduce the consump- 
tion of butter by about an equal 
amount. This means that you 
simply have the consumers paying 
a higher price for less of the pro- 
duct, but the total amount ot 
money that goes to the producers 
is not increased. Therefore it is 
plain that most of the processing 
tax on butter is paid not by the 
consumers but by the producers. 
In fluid milk consumption it does 
not work quite the same way. A 
raise in the price to the consumer 
does reduce the amount consumed 
somewhat, but not so much as the 
price is raised. Consequently no 
one can say exactly how much ol 
the tax on fluid milk would come 
out of the producers and how much 
out of the consumers, but it looks 
as though a very sound conclusion 
would split it about in half. 

Bo.rd„, Director. Dental Conditions in the period °"\ ' ''"°;;;' elated $150,000,000 

H.I> Trappe. Montgomery a^m 1915 tO 1920 whlch WCrC rC- CCntly '^PP^. • • ^J^^ j^duS- 

-S. K. Andrew.. HurltK^k. DorcT.e.ter Co '" , ^„IO^n Onr of mV tO relieve COndltlOnS in UICIIIUUJ. 

John H. Hennetch. .Sheridan. K. I. LrtCated again sincc I )iU. Unc Ol my I" ^^ ^^^^ amount $50,000,000 
r'^Tw'm T M I Ilk kf.:harts shows that over a period ot 

hred W. MIeiler, New I ripoli. I.ehigh lo'""' , . • 

Ira J. Book. Sira.burg. K. MancierOjO years wc havc had rccurring 

K. M. Crow). Oxford. K. 4. Chester Co.,'. .i ;r.^initrv at 

H. w. Cook. Eikton. H. 2. Md. New (depressions in the industry, ai 
_c;o.,_l)el. ,. „»«rval« nf about fourtecu or hl- 

>Jew laeprcssiuiis m iii«- ••■" J' -. 

FVrn" ^ H I. k." ,c.ntcrvals of about fourteen or fii- 

fc.. H. IJonovan. .Smyrna. K. I J.. Kent Co "" » i ■ c »U« 

c:. H. Joyce. Mediord, Hurimgton Co . ^teen ycars. And it we compare ine 

Cheater H. Gro... Mancheater. York C» J.' lOI \ IOI7 u/ith the 

J W.Keith. C>nterville.(.?ueen Anne. C>^ conditions in 19|j-IVI/ Wlttt ine 

Oliver C. land.., Muck. Co^. Pi- „j ^g y^\\\ f^^d them parallel- 

A. K. Marvel. I'.aaton. 1 alluit Co.. Md. r ' , I022 IQ^d aa 

Wm. Mendenhall. Uowningtown. C:he.t«|Hg the COndltlOnS in |V^?-I V3t, d» 

i.v'otto,,imi«riandC.fair as dairy production is con- 
Phiiip Price. We.i c he.ter, R. ). th**" cemcd. For 7 or 8 ycars at a time 

expanded more 

imr as aairy pruuuv-iiun .^ - — 
p^ cerned. For 7 or 8 years at a time 

John .s. Kei.ier, Nottingham. K. 3. P.^thc industry has expanded more 
Aiiiert'san;' Bower.. Berk. c„.. p.. rapidly than consumption war- 

Ireilerick STiangle. I'renton. K. 1).. Mercei i^l^^g That Icads tO a Condition 

Harry H. Stewart. Aienandria. Huntingdon which calls for rctraction and rcad- 
m'l .stitt. .Spruce H.ii. Juni.t. Co.. P^ justment. which is pretty hard to 


■ larry r>. .-^lewarl, /Me.anilria. Ifuniinguv fVIIIV,ii ^,^^ll^ nji 1 1; ii at. iiv>ii 

m'\' .Stitt. .Spruce Hill. Juni.t. Co.. P» justment. which is prett; 
■^"m /*'**' ^""°"' •^•""'•'y*'"'' *^*" meet under normal condi 

.s u. iroutm.n. He-iford. K. 2, Be<i(oiii , The Very fact that I ., 

K.'i'Tu.,ey.Hoiiid.y,hurg.R.vni.irafcave thc largcst number of dairy 

A. B. Waddingtiin, Woodstown. s*'*" ^ows that wc have cvcr had in the 

B. H. Weitv. w.yne-boro. I rankiin Co.^Kistory of the country is one of the 
I . p. Wiiiit.. Ward. Delaware Co., P.. ;,tubborn facts WC Cannot sidc step. 

Exacutiv* Committee 
B. H. Welty. Chairman 

1"^. H. Donovan 

\. W. Keith 

Raymond Marvel 

Wm. Mendenhall 

riscory oi inc coiuiiiy '^ "■"- "• — 

stubborn facts we cannot sidc step 

■ The plan that was followed in the 

>past to correct this difficulty was 
Ivo v. Otto f , , I __:a_ 

Frederick sh.»r to slaughter more cows and raise 

R. I. Tu.My.. {„,.,„, „„!.,„„ „„ »l,-.f tUr- industrv 

ceniiy appiwj.»iic»iv.v. r { ■ , 
to relieve conditions '"J^*^ '"^"^^^^ 
try Of that amount, $50,000,000 
is an out and out contribution, and 
$100 000.000 is the amount that 
must be replaced by a Pro^^8f'"« 
tax on the industry. The $50,000,- 
000 could be used for eliminating 
diseased cattle or it could be used 
entirely in the drought stricken 
area, in the elimination of clairy 
cattle which may be used for feed- 
ing the unemployed -and that 
kind of a program could be put 
through and paid for out of the 
Federal treasury without a special 
tax if the $50,000,000 is not ex- 
ceeded. Undoubtedly if a program 
like that could be devoted to taking 
cattle off the market. I think it 
would go a long way toward 
rorrectine the situation. hJut on 
the othef hand, if the $50,000,0f)0 
were used to take products oft the 

This whole question of produc- 
tion control is one of the difficult 
things confronting the dairy indus- 
try today. Not that 1 believe very 
strongly in the regimentation ol 
industry, but 1 do think something 
will have to be done to bring about 
the reduction in herds to conform 
with the demand for products. 

In regard to the question ol 
dealer spread 1 will make this one 
statement: You no doubt have 
read of the work that has l>een 
done in New York State on the 
subject of dealers' spread, 1 think 
it was made clear this morning 
that we have had no access to any 
data of that kind in this state until 
the Federal statute opened the 
dealers books. 

I think that conditions in up- 
state New York would give a bet- 
ter comparative picture of our 
situation than New York City. 
The figures indicate that the deal 
crs in^ up-state New York were 

,e based on all milk handled and 
,t requires study. To take what 
the dealer gets for all the milk 
that he handles, and what he pays 
the producer for all the milk that 
he buys, will give a fair picture of 
the spread. In up-state New York 
the actual spread amounted to 
about two-thirds of the apparent 
spread obtained by taking what 
the dealer gets for class B rnilk and 
what the producer received tor the 
same milk. In times like these, 
when the farmer has a hard time 
to get enough for his milk, a great 
deal of heat develops on this sub- 
ject But that does not help solve 
the problem. What we do need is 
the facts of the situation as they 
exist; then a consideration of these 
facts, and then unified action in 
working out a program that can be 
carried out. 

Massachusetts Passes 
Milk Control Bill 

A milk- control bill passed the 
Massachusetts legislature recently 
after a hectic course through the 
two houses of that body. 1 he 
right to fix resale prices was the 
bone of contention according to the 
New England Dairyman which 
pointed out that this provision was 
fought bitterly by representatives 
of certain chain store interests. 

According to this authority at- 
tempts to amend the measure were 
injected at every turn, these amend- 
ments being designed to fit the 
policy of one particular grocery 
chain. Some of the amendments 
were filled with trick wordings and 
jokers such as were attempted with 
the Pennsylvania milk control bill 
last December. 

The bill as finally passed permits 
the fixing of retail prices but does 
not compel it. This provision al- 
lows a competitive market until 
the situation becomes dangerously 
close to chaos, when the board may 
step in and stop any price cutting 

Officialsof the Dairymen s League 
have requested the A A. A to set 
aside $1,000,000 of Federal funds 
to reimburse New York state 

mmitf. f 1 he plan that was toiiowcci 111 iii^ were; us i ,. „« ^aise orices that 1 he hgures inui..aii- t,.„. ... reimburse New YorK siaie 

'"Tn 'Pa«t to correct this difficulty was market and tj^^ '''^ P^'j'^^^'' ^^j ers in up-state New York were t° ;;>'^;^ ^"^ ,,,,1^ ordered out of 

Kri?k"5H.. to slaughter more cows and raise ^^^^^ re heve the s, uaUon on^y ^^^^^„^ ^^^,^^ „^^ ft or da ryn.en tor ^^^^_^_^ ,^^^^^.^^ 

L'nk'^V: fewer calves, so that the industry f-PX^^J ruld be red':iced. every seven quarts of milk they 
— ^ was contracted. If we would allow time wncu 



1 1 



MILK PRODUCERS Rt^ygust, 1934 

Home and Commumty 



our Own Vacation- 


The Cooperative Stores of Great Britain 

Just a little less than a 100 years ago in the small town of Brighton. 
England, there was a strong congregation of Friends, one of the leaders 
in which was Elizabeth Fry. In the days when women were supposed 
to be seen and not heard Elizabeth Fry was ra.smg her voice in pro- 
test against some of the distressing conditions she saw about her: small 
children worked long hours in factories; men and women thrown into 
prison along with criminals for debts they could not pay. She felt that 
conditions for the people must somehow be bettered. 

It seems that about the same time there was a Dr. Willianri King 
in England, the son of a minister. He himself was intended for the 
ministry. He had the best of schooling and was surrounded with com- 
forts. But instead of entering the church, he turned to the study of 
medicine, and became one of the physicians in St. Bartholomew s a 
London hospital, where he came into contact with the poor. He too. 
like Elizabeth Fry. saw that conditions for the people were far from 
right: they were unable to afford a physician, to buy the many necessities, 
and were too weary of heart to even try to devise means to correct the 
situation. Dr. King, like a skillful surgeon, began to dissect the problem 
of poverty, and to devise a treatment. , , . oi i » 

Then Elizabeth Fry from Brighton sent for him. She wanted not 
just generalities, she wanted an actual prescription And out of his 
lifetime of wrestling with that deep problem. Dr. King gave her his 

prescription. ,. „ 

"Cooperation!", he replied. "And cooperation means literally, 
working together. What one man cannot do. two may. What is im- 
possible for a few. is easy for many. But before many can work they 
must join hand in hand; they must know their objective, and feel a 
common interest and a common tie 
There are records which show that in 

the year 1827 there was organized in 
Brighton the Cooperative Trading Asso- 
ciation. In the same year another col- 
lective buying association was begun. 
Just small groups, but they were paving 
the way. Almost twenty-five years later 
we come to Rochdale, the village with its 
twenty-eight blanket weavers. And it 
was the cooperative store, started by 
those weavers in Rochdale who linked 
England to . movement which today i.s 
world wide. 

These 28 weavers, after months of 
saving, collected together $140 with which 
they started a little cooperative store. 
At first it was open only several evenings 
a week, but it enabled them to obtain 
flour, butter, sugar and oatmeal at a 

though all that they earned had been 
swallowed up in buying merely food. 

There were four points adhered to in 
that first cooperative store: 

I — They bought for cash and sold cash. 

as do the Rochdale Stores of today. 

2 — They charged the buyer full retail 

3 — They gave the earnings, except for 
reserves set aside to increase the 
business, back to the patrons in a 
lump sum at a ceitain time in 
proportion to their savings. 
4 — They had the deep and active 
interest of the members. 

Out of the spirit behind that little store 
in Rochdale has grown 1400 cooperative 
retail stores throughout Great Britain, 
with hundreds of additional branches 
The $140 00 capital has grown to 400 
million, the sales from $10.00 per week 
to $730,000,000 a year. And the twenty- 
eight members have increased to six 

These stores were at first only retail 
grocery stores. But they were fought so 
persistently by the wholesalers that 
finally twenty years after the movement 
began in England a central wholesale 
warehouse was established. This was to 
lead as clear-cut issues often do to 
larger things. They soon began to send 
their own purchasing or brokerage agents 
over the world to buy the tea. coffee and 
other foreign items. The next step was 
the direct cooperation with those who 
produced these items There was need 
for savings to be made in other things 
besides groceries, so they gradually added 
a shoe department, a clothing branch, 
then furniture, and printing departments, 
until finally almost all of the necessities 
of modern life are available to the coop- 
erative membership through their own 
stores. And finally, these six million 
members, or two-fifths of the entire 
population of Great Britain have logically 
become their own bankers. 

This is the extent to which the cooper- 
ative method in Great Britain has grown. 

Verse for a Child 


I'oc been looking at the cooking in the 

And I couldn't ^ccp it secret if I 

For you're telling by the smelling 

that the kiichen 
Is the place where they are making 

something good. 
All the making and the baking is for 

And I'm really much more eager 

than I seem: 
I'll be singing when they're bringing 

for my supper 
A plate of hot brown gingerbread and 

cream. — Jame» S. Tippett 

in "A WorW to Know". 

Your Shopping Service 


1 lere's a suggestion for the mothers who 
will soon be packing school lunches for 
the children! Authorities tell us that 
every child needs something hot at the 
noon lunch. Thermos bottles make ex- 
cellent containers for hot cocoa and may 
be had in pint sizes for 75c each. Should 
this price be more than your budget 
permits, there is a specially prepared 
bag which will keep hot foods hot for as 
long as four hours. This bag which may 
also be used to keep cold foods cold! 
may be brought back from school and 
used more than once and can be purchased 
for 50c a half dozen, or lOc each. 

(Ordem will be gladly forwarded by thoV 
Home and Community Department to the I 
•tores where they may be purchase<l at the I 
■ bov« prices, plus a small charge for postage./ 

/f there is a lesson taught by history, it is that 
the permanent greatness of any state must ultimattl) 
depend more upon the character of its country popu- 
lation than upon anything else. No growth of citiei ^ ^^^^ ^.^^ ^^^ 

no growth of wealth can make up for a loss in eitht, feeling of 'l''f^^l^J^l!'y enough 
" ..... ctav when oni h'-'^'' 

A gUCSl waa 

recently heard 
to remark to a 
former hostess, 
"1 will never 
forget those 
Sunday evc- 
your lawn as 
lonu as 1 live.' 
i hat tired 

Iborl « st.n alone for five years. 

r am his nurse and my own maid. 
We do light housekeeping in two 
rooms. Our son and his family 
occupy the rest of the house. 

"As 1 cannot get away from 
asily 1 choose a garden tor 
slice of my vacation. C>v'ng 
my husband my old school bell. 1 
don some clothes that will wash 
and work in my garden an hour 

home c 

the number or the character of the farming population. 

o- 'to^plan a supper on the porch or 

THEODORE ROOSEVELT ^^wn. The play sp.r.t must prcya. . 

Let it have full sway and eat oul- 
of doors at least once a week during 

August. This is the, of year 
Chen we take the "o" out of voca^ 
ISln and replace it with an a. 

Are vou folks doing it:" 

We are not all in a position to 

take a vacation away from home 


all like 


more each day. Thus 1 obtain 
fresh air and fresh vegetables. 1 
hire the garden plowed, and do he 

rest planting the se^d in the 
spring sunshine, watching the plants 
grow and mature as 1 hoc and pul 
weeds, and gathering the finished 
product under auturnnal skies. 
This is a real vacation for me from 
the nursing and housework. 

The second prize letter was a 

-.";;cV.ion »w». .,o. ,,o.c ixrr;cr°:w»iro7pwai 

some one else docs, nor do wo ""J'^'J ^"^^ „„,„„. She says. 1 

the real one, 

the same 

sort of vaca- 

For example, a well-known phy- 
sician, busy with people every 
day wants to go back to the wild 

woods in Maine; no phones no 
mail, just wade streams to lish, 
eat without the formal.tyof silver 
and hnen. and go to 

bed looking trip is im 

■ .A^ and linen, and go to bed looking -" ;;;" ^^ j^, ,nd th 
,;:^f: right into the silvery blue heaven do t Ae^ h^ ^ P^^ ^^,^ 
..:•■ dotted with stars. B»t his w e s ^^^^ ^ftcrnoo 

Do Healthy Children Mean Anything to You? 
Then Put the Milk Pitcher on the Table 

If you live on a farm, see to it that each child in the family se 
a quart of milk a day. and each adult at least a pint. 

If you do not produce milk and must buy it but have all the it 
you want to spend for food, spend one fifth of it for milk and cii 
If you must cut your food costs to the limit, spend one third ol 
money for milk and cheese. 

This is what nutrition experts and food economists say s 
the importance of milk in the food supply of normal people. Tht 
no other single food that furnishes so many different kinds of food' 
or gives you so much for your money. 

Whole milk (unskimmed) has an provide 1 ''2 pints »" '.'!,"'>'♦ "^ "*''^ 
energy value of about 170 calories per cup 

aiieu Willi .»' , 

who has been cook and housekeeper 

does not enjoy "roughing it. Mic 

prefers the formal hotel with plenty 

of silver, linens and service. In a 

^J: vacation what we all nee. is a 

•*0 c/.an^c. We can therefore all ge a 

vacation suited to us no matter 

what our home duties, with a little 

planning. . , 

Not long ago a magazine hacl a 
letter contest on the subject I tow 
1 Choose My Vacation.' 1 would 
like to give you in part the letter 
of the winner of the first prize. 
She says. "It is hard for mc to 
choose a vacation because my 
husband is an invalid who hasn t 

have two vacations, the re 

and an imaginary one. Since the 

first requisite of a perfect vacation 

is change of occupation I take a 

trip to Bermuda. T h's '» .*" 
imaginary vacation of course. Being 

a school teacher 1 know hat the 
possible. Nevertheless, 1 
' 'icre in old 
swim, loll 
away the late afternoon on the 
beach of the fairyland section or 
dimb to the top "f.Gibbs Hil 
Lighthouse where 1 enjoy the finest 
view in Bermuda. My friends envy 
me when 1 come in September with 

firm muscles, clastic step, and a 

coat of tan. 

"In reality 1 read about Bermu- 
da and have learned from maga- 
zines that 1 need exercise. Cxjnse^ 
quently 1 go out to seek all of the 
outdoor e*tercise that 1 can find^ 
No. I cannot get away from tlie 
boys and girls in the summer. But 
they are different creatures outside 
of the school room." 


..; believe that the highest and best development of all the 
I ceitcv thrnueh an appreciation ot beauty 

arts in America will come ""■<'"«''"" J"". , ^^,i^„, ,hat 

in the things MhwhichweliveJaybyday^J 

a large number ol °"'l''''''ffjlZZZma"-'"'-^' "•■"«' 
"•', ■•"X:'^:r«7,o: ;/.etrore'/u"::n.,n,s or ,rom creative 
unless they get it rrorri cm ^ , . r« include the common 

.„,* which ".;> «f;f^;'- : _ lit .he'^oZ might say in our 

o place for beautiful simple '''""=''"'"''). highlands of the 
England: log -^'--/^-^-/-rVo".' Pen'!,'t/«<.n.a, stone 

made furniture, narj „ttractive containers, and apple 

""" '-'"" "".f //r ;;».-;; «S lce/,....n seal. 
Zs tZZte Idt. ':!pre^: design cut '^o.l^top^^^ 

1 J /.n-^ thf frutt. gives it good form, gww« 

fine flavor and a fine fragrance. ^„,„ £.,„„. Rua-ns-ge Foundation 

or half-pint glass. The carbohydrates of 
milk and the fat are in a form easily used 
by the body, the proteins are of high 
nutritive value and easily digested. Milk 
is highly important for its mineral salts, 
especially calcium, which is not abundant 
in most other foods. 

Milk is necessary to children because 
it contains an abundance of the chief bone- 
making materials, calcium and phosphorus. 
The child's growing body must have these. 
The same materials are needed by adults, 
to keep their bones, teeth, and other 
tissues in repair. Probably American 
diets are more often deficient in calcium 
than in any other chemical element. 

Milk supplements other foods in many 
ways. Bread and cereals, for example. 
It is a cheap source of the very substances 
in which grain products are short - 
proteins of good quality, vitamin A and 
vitamin G. I lence the importance of milk 
with your breakfast cereal, the value of 
milk toast, or crackers and milk. 

Milk and bread or cereals in some form 
are the best foundation for any low-cost 
diet, and they are the chief essentials for 
emergency rations. 

Whole milk (unskimmed) is imperative 
in the diet of a child through the whole 
period of growth. Food relief plans should 

^(V^T1«_«^. • .^ |#aaB»v» •■■»' • .|».~.-. 

day for every child and for every pre 
or nursing mother. l-'t^d every 
adult half this amount at least. 

Milk need not l>e used as a drink 
Use it in soups, gravies, cream » 
puddings, ice cream, cocoa or choc 
It may be used fresh or in any one 
concentrated forms. 

Cheese adds important footi valu 
any meal or any dish. It is a concern 
form of most of the food subsi 
found in the milk from which it i»- 

Cottage cheese is made of skim 
Skim milk has nearly all the food' 
of whole milk except the fat an 
vitamin A So has buttermilk. A 
these products, or whole milk i'* 
added to the poor diet that pf" 
pellagra, will prevent the disease. ' 
especially important in .tome regions- 
South. » 

The sole use of milk in nature is to 
as food. A liberal supply in the die' 
to promote good growth and develop 
in children and enables a ults to «« 
"longer lease of healthier life. 

|-'rom "Consumers l'- 

(Note: For a free copy of th« 
Number of "Consumers Guide' "I 
28th. address the Agricultural Adjusj 
Administration. Washington, D. ^ 


Points on Jelly Making 

"What causes sugar crystals in jelly>" 
This 18 a question constantly asked the 
Bureau of Home I .conomics of the U. -> 
Department o( A^noillurc < ^^■t|'•''' 

may form from a numbor of causes 1 hey 
may result, s lys the Bureau, 'r'"" »" 
cxrcHS of sugar, from ovcrcookini?. I u^k o! 
sudicient acid in the fr.iil. or fr..m allow- 
ing the jelly to stand too long belore 
sealing. , . . 

Crystals in ^rape jelly from cultivated 
grapes are not sugar but crystals of cre^.m 
of tartar (potassium acid tartrate). Une 
way of avoiding tliern somewhat i» to 
allow the juice to stand overnight, then 
syphon it off or strain it Another way is 
ti can the juite and allow it to stand lor 
some time before making into jelly I 'r 
combine it with other fruit juices. 

"Why does some jelly 'weep «>r run 
as soon as it is cut/' "Wcepins- omirs 
in jellies made from very acid fruits II 
is especially noticeable with ( 
and currant jelly. When making jel ie» 
from these fruits use small that 
hold just enough for one in»- il. 

"Does mold on jelly make it unfit (or 
U8e> What causes il>" Mold rnav Krow 
on jellies when the paraflin layer has be- 

come lrK>sened. or on jellies which have 
o^,"e<l. or ,e!lus stored in a ho, ' -MM.h ce^ 
If mol.l is growing on the top ol he 

arTlhn it is not likely to affect the jelly 
Ct mold grows beneath the para lin 

he flavor of the jelly may '<= '"'I'" ^^^ 
Sometimes it cm be scraped off and the of the jelly used ,. 

••What causes jelly to ferment er 

mentation of jelly is ,— V^. un". fe 
bacteria. Steps to safeguard •»«"'"»» J^, 
mentation are the use of new P^-""? ^1^^ ' 
year the use of .sterilized jelly glasses 
prot;ction <.f the jelly from contamination 
Xc sealing, and care to "btain go..d 
srals. by rotating the jelly glass in lie 
Tand when the paraffin is P'" "" -;^'';, 
i, will run up to the rim of the glass to 
in ikr a good seal 

M.lkwho.lo IS a new cooke.l breakfast 
,„^,nade of whole, wheat -.h .l.-l 
„kim milk and contains ""-'1. rd m Ik 
This nutrilious cereal which has I., en 
'leJeloped by C ornell ^jn-ersity m . y s.„ 
make its wav to our breakfast t . .les as 
t only a cereal with a high food value 
but on/ which offers another commercial 
use for dairy products. 

Cooperative Control 

One of our leading fmanciers state! 
some years ago before « -'^"»'f. '"^7"; 
Ta^ng committee that if he could control 
credit he cared not who made the laws 
C^ t i^as rH,werful as this A prominent 
Fn^ishman recently stated. I he man 
who draws the bank check rules the 

""•Ihis can be made as true collectively 
„, ,t ,s individually; it c.n be made true 
of those who prwluce wealth as it has 
been true of those who gambled in wealth 
We have at our hands agencies to 
buihl and develop a nation wide coop- 
c tive movement. There are the C ounty 
Committees which have been organized 
,n connection with production control of 
various farm commodities under the AAA 
program They have had a year » training 
n «>operative action. Then there is he 
I- arm Credit Administration, interested 
in the cooperative movement and ready 
?, grant it credit aid; and finally there 
are banking facilities m the form of coo.v 
erative banks which farmers and workers 
can organize for themselves and by 
mobilizing their own savings build their 
Tn e ..nomic life according to .heir needs 
More than ever before m our history 
farmers can now control cooperatively 
,ch of the pro-Ku .s of their labor and 
their daily neerls without ..sking aid from 
agencies outside of themselves. 


Picnic Recipes 

I c. sour cream 
1 c. brown sugar 
I c. molasses 
I 2 c. butter 
Finch of salt 

Soft Gingerbread 

J eggs 

I dessert or soup spoon- 
ful of soda 
3 c flour 
I tbsp. ginger 

Mix sugar and eggs and add to creamed 
butter Add remaining ingredients. Uaite 
in slow oven. 

Mrs. I- rank Webster. 
Cheyney. Montgomery Co.. P*. 

Ice Box Rolls 

I cake yeast 
'l c. sugar 

1 egg 

7 cups flour 
2 V waTer (lukewarm) « tsp. s«lt 

} tbsp. shortening 
Crumble yeast in l>owl Add sugar, 
salt and water Add well l>eaten egg^ 
Sifl flour <mce before measuring _ Add halt 
the flour and beat well. Add melted 
shortening and remainder of Hour. l-et 
rise to double its bulk Punch down, cover 
tightly and put in iceljox 

Al.out an hour before baking remove 
desired amount of dough shape into small 
rolls let rise on greased pan. Make in 
oven 420 1 for 20 minutes. 

Dorothy Chandler. 

Germantown, Pa. 


Dairy Barometers 

(Continued from page 3) 

Is there anything quite so neces- 
sary at this time as to conserve 

1 . .1 . ■ - . . ^ -. 

aiiu siicgiiieii uui viju^ctaiivc iiioi- 

keting organizations? We are 
proud of their accomphshments and 
have reason to be. We need them 
now, and they need the strength 
and support of a loyal, active 
membership. For, "An organiza- 
tion lives or dies in the hearts of 
its own members. When an or- 
ganization can command service 
from its members, it is strong, but 
when its members clamor for ser- 
vice from the organization, the 
whole body is weak." 

As a general rule, the cooperative- 
minded farmers are usually in the 
association. The farmer leadership 
is usually in the association if not 
in control, at least in the ranks - 
and loyal to the leaders who have 
been selected. 1 1 is easier and much 
less costly to bring about reforms 
within established associations sup- 
ported by such a nucleus than to 
destroy the going organization and 
replace it with a new one. 

The Barometer of Cooperation 

Let us, therefore, in the interest 
of the organization and even more 
in the interest of individual dairy- 
men, quicken our efforts to convert 
those who have remained on the 
outside, as well as those who seem 
to be dissatisfied. 1 have charitable 
feeling for the officers and directors 
of these associations. They are 
presented constantly with difficult 
and innumerable problems. In my 
experience, these men have been 
animated with the desire to reach 
the best conclusions and make the 
best bargains in the interest of 
producers, yet you and I know 
that many charges have been made 
against them. 1 do not say that 
they have not made mistakes and 
will not make mistakes in the fu- 
ture; nor do 1 say that you and 1 
would not have done the same. 
Remember that there is always the 
possibility that others might have 
done worse, as well as the possi- 
bility that they might have done 

There never was a time, in my 
opinion, when we needed more 
closely knit coofjerativc organiza- 
tions than now. 

There is ample room for improve- 
ment in the marketing of most of 
our farm products and there is just 
as much need, no doubt for im- 
provement in our dairy marketing 
system as any other. One thing 
is certain, however, we must deal 
with conditions as they exist, even 
while we are working for improve- 
ments, and it is equally certain 
that you cannot combat organiza- 
tion or monopoly by disorganiza- 
tion. For that reason, I have been 
in favor for some time of providing 
some kind of group action for the 
producers in the whole Eastern 
seaboard. Rather than disorganize 
our present comparatively small 
Eastern groups, 1 would advocate 
the dairymen of the whole Eastern 
seaboard knitting themselves to- 
gether into a cooperative organiza- 
tion that would increase their 

bargaining power and ability to 
deal effectively with the large or- 



processors. This move, I am 
convinced, would be in the interest 
of justice without discrimination to 
the producer, distributor, or con- 

1 know that it may strike a 
responsive chord in the minds of 
some to urge farmers producing 
this valuable health product to 
control it until it reaches the con- 
sumer; in other words for dairymen 
to enter the distributing field. 1 
have never been an advocate of 
this principle. It has been tried 
innumerable times and the record 
is not encouraging. You may just 
as well enunciate the policy that 
the farmers should own the rail- 
roads because they are carrying 
their farm products to the market. 
F, therefore, believe that it is in 
the interest of producers, as well as 
consumers, to treat the distributors 
fairly and give them a reasonable 
opportunity for doing a legitimate 
business. It is a distinct field and 
I am not prepared to say that the 
farmer or dairyman can do it 
better than the distributor is doing 
it. The only assurance we all 
want is that the producer be given 
the highest percentage that is pos- 
sible of the dollar which the con- 
sumer pays for milk and dairy 

Loyalty Needed 

Although our vision along the 
road to progress may be somewhat 
blurred by unusual problems, I am 
convinced that through the united 
and loyal efforts of those who con- 
stitute this great industry the ob- 
stacles in our road to progress can 
be overcome, and the road may be 
opened to greater achievements 
and satisfaction than we have 
experienced before. 

You are producing the most 
valuable farm product, a product 
that is needed for the public well- 
being, and for which there are no 
adequate substitutes. Let us con- 
sider our opportunities; let us 
minimize our difficulties; let us be 
optimistic for the future of the 
industry; and, let us constructively 
and cooperatively work together in 
behalf of the dairy industry. Again 
1 remind you that "An organiza- 
tion lives in the hearts of its mem- 
bers." 1 he life, the strength, the 
ability of your association to serve 
you, rests in the hearts of each and 
all of you who constitute the 

Scientists in the United States 
Department of Agriculture say 
that corn which produces no grain 
because of damage to tassels in 
extremely hot weather is not a 
total loss. 1 he fodder from this 
corn, they have found, is richer in 
feeding value than ordinary fodder, 
part of the plant food which would 
ordinarily go into the formation of 
grain being stored in the stalks 

Launch New Fight On 
Bang's Disease 

Cattle owners who desire to take 
advantage of the Federal emergen- 
cy appropriation for combating 
Bang's disease may do so by com- 
plying with the provisions of new 
regulations issued by the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture and 
designated as B. A. I. Order 347. 
This order, signed by Secretary 
Wallace, on the recommendation 
of the Administrator of the Agri- 
cultural Adjustment Act, will be 
administered by the Bureau of 
Animal Industry. It became 

effective July 19 and provides for 
the elimination of and payment 
for cattle reacting to the aggluti- 
nation test for Bang's disease or 
infectious abortion. 

The first step in having a herd 
tested for Bang's disease is to fill 
out and sign an agreement which 
will be furnished by any Federal 
veterinarian or State official who 
is cooperating in this campaign. 
In this agreement the owner agrees 
(I) to market for slaughter under 
State or Federal supervision, all 
heifers over 6 months old, cows, or 
bulls that react to the agglutina- 
tion test, (2) to confine additions 
to his herd, as far as practicable, 
to virgin animals and to those 
from herds known to be free of 
Bang's disease, (3) to continue 
blood testing the animals in his 
herd in accordance with the ac- 
credited Bang's disease herd plan 
of his State, and (4) to clean and 
disinfect his premises under super- 
vision after the removal of reactors. 

The Secretary of Agriculture 
agrees that the herd shall be tested 
for Bang's disease under the dir- 
ection of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry without expense to the 
owner, except for necessary hand- 
ling of the animals incident to 
collecting blood samples, and also 
agrees to pay the owner for each 
animal eliminated from the herd. 
This payment is not to exceed $20 
for a grade female an^ $50 for a 
registered purebred animal. 1 he 
receipts from marketing for slaugh- 
ter also l>clong to the owner. 
Participation in the campaign is 
entirely voluntary. 

Mention the Milk Producers' 
Review when answering advertise- 

Report of the Field and 
Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

T}ie following statistics show the 
operations of all tlic Inter-State 
Milk Producers' As.sociation fieldmen 
in connection witli testing, weigliing 
and general membership work for the 
month of June, 1954: 


Rutterfat Tests Made 4199 

Plants Investigated 4 i 

Calls on Members } 1 4 

Quality Improvement Calls 17 

I lerd Samples Tested 803 

Membership Solicitation Calls. . 27 

New Members Signed 7 

Cows .Signed 67 

Microscopic Tests 189 

Brom Thymol Tests 20 

MILK PRODUCERS REV|j|^gu»t, 1934 



92 .Score .Solid Pack 




















June, l'H4 
July. I9»» 

25 •« 



25 ' 









25 <4 









25 4'» 

25 H'» 


New Y€»ili 
24 'i 







24 '4 









24 4'» 

24 H'* 

24 51 

Who Buys Our Milk? 

IpesuUs of a Consumer Study 
' Made in Philadelphia 



21 ■ 














2< 61 

24 21 

2> 81 


Save All Your Hay 

Maryland farmers 


„F NUMBER of people who 
drink milk regularly has, 
- generally speaking, contm- 
d to increase during the past hve 
vears despite the depression, ac- 
'^ din^ to the preliminary report 

families completed last week by 
Prn ylvania State College and 
The United States Department of 


'^Twenty-three per cent more 
children of age drmk 
:;-lk regularly m l^^^^^. ^X'-^. 
with five years ago. With the tx 
"ept on of the Italian families, the 

cSdren up to 13 years of age 
showed a decided increase in the 
number now drinking milk 1 he e 
were 30 more colored children n 
each 100 who were drinking milk 

a re 
profit by saving just as much: 

possible of the unusually large hi gacn ■"" "•— 

crop in the state this year, in li every day than in I )i'- 
opinion of F. W. Oldenburg, spe The per capita home consump- 
ialist in agronomy for the Univt tion of milk in Philadelphia aver- 
sity of Maryland llxtensionServio aged .60 of a pint ix-r person as 
He states that instances have coa compared to .68 of a pint five years 
to his attention in which farmt ago. The average weekly per 

capita consumption of fresh milk 

v», ...^ ^^.^..^.^.. in which larmt: 
are considering leaving a portiom 
their hay crop unharvested. due; 
the fact that all the facilit 
their farms ord 


ordinarily used (t 

storing hay are occupied. 

Mr. Oldenburg points to the (ac 
that the hay crop is exceptional! 
short in large sections of the com 
try and the demand for feed to car 
for livestock is almost cert 
very great. Already, he says, ha 
is selling at high prices and \t 
believes that the prices will incrcaa 

College Senior: "What 
you advise me to read afte 
completed my course and gradual 
ed. Professor >" 

Professor: "I would suggest th< 
'Help Wanted' page." 

at the time of the survey was 2. . 

quarts. These figures for comjjara- 

tive purposes are based only on 

milk bought in the homes from 

distributors, and if amounts ol 

milk consumed in hotels schools. 

restaurants, etc., were included the 

•uiocar present per capita consumption 

ain tot. would presumably be considerably 

' higher. The consumption of Huid 

milk in the suburbs was somewhat 

higher than in the city proper 

This survey was the third ofhcial 
study of milk consumption in this 
city. Previous studies have been 
made at five year intervals by the 
United States Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics, in cooperation 
with state and local agencies. Ap- 
proximately every 1 2th home in 
certain selected areas was visited. 

quarts, and with few exceptions 
the Mediterraneans were the next 
lowest consumers, regardless o 
income. Ninety eight percent ot all 
Jewish families interviewed pur- 
chased fluid milk, 93 percent o 
the native Whites, and 87 percent 
of the Negroes. . , , , 

The size of family also showed a 
definite relationship to per capita 
consumption of milk. Large fami- 
lies with low incomes consumed 
less milk per person than smaller 
families having a similar income. 
When the per capita income was 
above $10.00 a week, the influence 
of size of family was not apparent. 
As the proportion of children in a 
family increased, in the low income 
groups, the per capita consumption 
of fluid milk also increased, for 
example, in a family of 6 persons, 
the per capita consurription where 
there were only 2 children, was I ./ 1 
quarts per person per week com- 
pared to 2.82 quarts where there 
were as many as four children. n 
families with medium income, the 
per capita consumption was higher 
than for families of similar size 
with lower income. 

Other Dairy Products 

I hav( 


The way to distinguish betweer 
weeds and plants in the garden 
Cut them all down. Those tha' 
come up again are weeds. 

Effect of Income 

The income of families showed a 
definite relationship to consump- 
Almost without exception. 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

I lie f(>IK)winj< is a re|K)rl of tin- work 
clone by the Quality Control Depart- 
ment of the Dairy Council for thf 
month of June. I9H: 

No. Inspections Marie IH92 

.Special I'arm Visits IH7 

No .Sediment Tests 1414 

Hacteria Tests Made 4''7') 

.Special Tests Made M) 

Days .Special Work 4H' ■ 

No. Miles Traveled 27.%2 

During the month 82 dairies were 
discontinued from .selling for failure to 
ccrn|)ly with the regulations 5') riairiei 
were re-instated before the month wM 

To date 289,619 farm inspections 
have l>een made. 


tion — 

as the income rises, a higher i^er- 
ccntage of the various members of 
the families drink milk. In the 
higher income groups, families may 
have a better understanding of the 
nutritive value of milk. No doubt 
this fact has some influence upon 
their milk drinking habits. With 
the exception of the lowest income 
group, in which relief families were 
included, there was an increase in 
the amount of fluid milk consumed 
as the per capita income of the 
family rose to $18.00 per week. 
Above that income, there was a 
slight decline in the iier capita 

Nationality a Factor 

The Jewish families ranked high- 
est in per capita consumption in 
practically all income classifica- 
tions, with an average of 2.56 
quarts per week. The Negro was 
the lowest consumer with a weekly 
per capita consumption of 1.3/ 

The average per capita home 
consumption of cream was equi- 
valent to .13 of a balf-pmt of light 

cream weekly. Only 1^ percent of 
the families reported that they 
bought cream. 

Of the families interviewed 44.^ 
per cent used some condensed or 
evaporated milk. 

The average weekly purchase 
per family of the families using 
butter was 2.17 pounds, with those 
living in the suburbs using approxi- 
mately 50 percent more butter 
than those residing in the city. 
Butter consumption increased from 
42 pound five years ago to .4) 
pound in the present study. 

According to the reports, only I .-^ 
,>ercent of the families reported the 
use of any butter substitute. In the 
families using this product, the F^er 
capita average was presumably .i\ 
of a pound weekly. 

The average of those families 
which bought ice cream was l.Ji 
quarts weekly. The per capita 
consumption of all cheese was 
estimated to be .43 of a pound 
weekly in those families using 

Where Purchased 

Approximately two-thirds of the 
reasons given by those who pur- 
chased milk principally from deal- 
ers' wauons were that these con- 
sumers liked the doorstep delivery. 
Approximately one half the reasons 
given by the consumers for pur- 
chasing milk from the stores cen- 
tered around the lack of need lor a 
regular supply. Fourteen percent 
of the reasons among those pur- 
chasing from stores only concerned 
price The most common reasons 
given l)y families purchasing 
milk both from dealer's wagons and 
from stores was that they liked the 
doorstep delivery for a regular 
supply, but used the store for extra 

Grade of Milk 

Of the reasons given for purchas- 
ing grade "A" milk, 38 F>ercent 
showed preference for this particu- 
lar grade because of its richness 
One-fifth of the reasons was that 
the consumer wanted the best. 
Use of grade "A" for the baby 
accounted for 9 percent of its 

purchases. i i l ^f 

The survey indicates the lack ot 
a clear distinction in the minds oi 
some consumers between the vari- 
ous grades of milk sold m the 
Philadelphia market. It was esti- 
mated that about 2^ percent ol 
the milk sold in the market was 
grade "A". 73 percent grade li . 
and 2 percent other grades. 

IJK' use of a quart of milk daily for 
children and a pint for adults In 
these amounts may be included the 
use of other dairy products, ex- 

ClUSlVC Ul ijuvi.*-". •■• --- 

than ever is being centered upon 
devising means by which children 
can secure more adequate amounts 

of milk. 

The fact that there has been a 
decline of only .08 of a pint small 
in comparison with that suffered 
by many other food commodities 
in the per capita consumption m 
Philadelphia since the consumption 
peak in 1929 is probably due to 
educational efforts of welfare and 
health groups. Educational acti- 
vities conducted by the dairy in- 
dustry in the Philadelphia market 
have been stressing to city con- 
sumers for 15 years thi: importance 
of milk, the one food for which 
there is no substitute. 

In the survey just completed, 77 
percent of the consumers inter- 
viewed purchased fluid milk 7 days 
a week, I 5 per cent irregularly, and 
the remainder did not use the 
product. According to the reports, 
89 5 percent of the milk used in 
homes in Philadelphia was sold 
from dealers' wagons. Nine percent 
of the consumers purchased from 
the stores only, and 19 per cent 
bought from both the wagon and 
the store. 

Knowledge of Price 

In order to determine whether 
or not the consumer really knew 
the unit price paid for fluid milk 
each i>erson Interviewed was asked 
how much per quart he paid ior 
milk. Forty-seven percent named 
the retail price set by the Penn- 
sylvania Control Board. 1 h.rty- 
five percent named some other 
price which may be accounted tor 
in three ways: First, the consumer 
may not know the grade ot milk 
purchased: second, there may have 
been price cutting in the market, 
third, the consumer did not know 
the price paid for grade A milk. 
Approximately 18 fH-rcent ot 
those interviewed stated specihc- 
ally that they did not know the 
price they paid. Of those purchas- 
ing cream, approximately /U per- 
cent did not know the price. 

The findings of this survey arc- 
being received with much general 
interest. The survey was among 
the first to be completed in a nurn- 
ber of cities where data on milk 
consumption is being collected tor 
the United States Department o 
Agriculture. It is believed that 
Philadelphia will rank lugli among 
other cities in milk consumption. 

From New Jersey 

This is what they think of price 
fixing and production control on 
the east side of the Delaware. We 
think it just as true on the west 
side. The following quotation is 
from "Cow Testing Studies No. 
90." issued July 24. by the New 
Jersey Agricultural l.xtension Ser- 

He Can't Let Go 

IVhul to Jo! W"''"' '" ''''' 

Its not safe to drop a skunk once you 
have picked liim up. neither is it sate to 
(,x prices unless you control production. 

Do your jiart! Dont increase your 
herd The Control Board reports a 1/ 
percent increase in milk production in 
New Jersey for last year A similar in- 
crease this year will wreck any |.rice 
control scheme. 

Increase Needed 

The present per capita home 
consumption is still far from that 
advocated by health agencie.s ac- 
cording to nutrition experts of he 
Philadelphia Dairy Council he 
educational organization ol tne 
dairy industry in this section. Nu- 
trition authorities today advocate 

A. M. Tarr 

The Inter-State and the Dela- 
ware dairy industry lost a real 
friend with the passing early in 
July of A. M. Tarr of Seaford. 
Delaware. Mr. Tarr had ascended 
to the second floor of his home to 
inspect the damage done by a bo t 
of lightning when a second bolt 
struck the house, killing him in- 

Always active in community 
affairs. Mr. Tarr had been secretary 
of the Seaford Local for several 
years. He was a breeder of 
Holsteins and a leader in coopera- 
tive work. 

Pasture relief can be obtained in 
the parts of the milk shed which 
have not received normal raintall 
by using winter rye or wheat tor 
late fall and early spring pasture. 
Heavy seeding furnishes more graz- 
ing and reduces damage from 
trampling and erosion. 

When you answer advertisements 
or buy products advertised in these 
columns, mention the Milk Pro- 
ducers' Review. 





Board Holds July Meeting 

By-Law Changes, Market Conditions Considered 

board of directors since its 
A organization meeting was held 
at the association office on July 20 
and 21 with President B. H. 
Welty presiding. All members were 
present except S. U. Troutman 
who notified the secretary of his 
inability to be present. 

Secretary Zollers read the report 
of the Court of Common Pleas 
covering the election of directors 
and also letters from our own legal 
counsel covering the same subject. 

The Honorable John A. McSpar- 
ran then made a report for his 
commitee on by-law revision which 
is covered more fully on page 12 
of this issue. This report and the 
discussion concerning it occupied 
an important place at the meeting 
and brought about considerable 
discussion as to the details of 
certain by-laws and how they 
could be best worded to establish 
ix>licies for the greatest good of the 
greatest number of members. Fran- 
cis R. Taylor, legal counsel, was 
present and gave valuable advice 
on the legal asp>ects of certain 
proposed changes. 

Mr. Welty reported on the 
hearing held by the Pennsylvania 
Milk Control Board at Harrisburg 
on July 2. He stated that little 
information of value was brought 
forth at the meeting and the few 
recommendations which were made 
were totally ignored by the Control 
Board when it did issue a new 
order. An increase in price was 
asked for in the Pittsburgh area 
but not granted in the order. 
Control Board order 1 3 was then 
discussed and its probable effects 
on the market were emphasized. 

Market Conditions 

A report on market conditions 
was then made by H. D. Allebach. 
sales manager, who reported that 
some of the smaller dealers are 
falling behind in their payments 
and also mentioned a few other 
irregularities which are working 
against the best interests of a few 
members. The control board order 
13, he reported, sets the stage for 
more cows and an increase in 
production. The same order, he 
predicted, would close practically 
all nearby "A" milk stations. 

Following this report a motion 
was made and passed that the 
Executive Committee be called 
upon to determine the exact status 
of the association's relationship 
with the control board and also to 
interview the dealers with the 
request that all milk of association 
members be purchased. 

Future policy and attitude to- 
ward the control board was then 
discussed, followed by adjournment 
until 8:00 A. M. the following 

At the Saturday morning session 
Mr. Twining reported on the Field 
and Test Department activities, 
stating that more complaints are 
coming to his men from some 
quarters which is requiring addi- 
tional checking up. Less "returned 

milk" is being reported, indicating 
a favorable effect of past work 
along that line. 

Mr. Cohee reported on the 
consumer survey conducted by the 
Dairy Council in cooperation with 
Pennsylvania State College and 
the U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture. This survey showed an 
average per capita consumption of 
six-tenths of a pint of milk per 
day per person as compared to 
sixty-eight hundredths of a pint 
in 1929. This referred to fluid milk 
consumed in the home and took 
no account of milk consumed by 

its officers is being expressed in all 
parts of the state. 

Dates for the annual meeting 
were discussed and November 20 
and 21 were the dates set, with 
Vice President A. R. Marvel as 
chairman of the annual meeting 
committee with authority to ap- 
point sub-committees. 

A report on the meeting of 
secretaries of agriculture and chair- 
men of state boards of health was 
given by Mr. Welty. This meeting 
was called in accordance with the 
resolution passed at the annual 
meeting. It is reported more fully 
on page 2. 

Reports were then heard from 
the individual directors on condi- 
tions of crops and milk markets in 
their resfjective territories. Crops 
were reported good to excellent in 

The illustration above shows a general view of the Brook Hill Certified 
Milk Exhibit at the Century of Progress. The dairy stables, embodying a 
new type of construction, arc shown to tht left. The arrow points to lo- 
cation of the milking parlor. To the right is shown the space for dispensing 
milk ond other refreshments. 

The illustration below shows the milking parlor and Combine Milking 
System in operation. This is the center of interest and the space around 
it is always packed with interested observers. 

members of the family while at 
school or in restaurants. Thesurvey 
covered 3413 families in 117 dis- 
tricts of the city. 

The report of the quality control 
department of the Dairy Council 
was also given by Mr. Cohee. He 
stated that the Abbott Company 
is doing its own inspection work. 
The future effect of such a practice 
was considered problematical. 

A report on a meeting of milk 
producers held in West Chester 
the previous evening was then 
given by Mr. Price. An excellent 
crowd turned out and the meeting 
was almost unanimous against the 
control board order 13. One small 
clique appeared to favor the order. 
A committee of producers repre- 
senting every local was then ap- 
pointed to protest certain provis- 
ions of this order. 

Several times during the meeting 
the opinion was expressed that 
farmers throughout the milk shed 
are looking to this association for 
leadership and results in everything 
pertaining to dairy problems. This 
confidence in our association and 

most parts of the territory but a 
few sections were badly in need of 
rain. Some difficulties in local 
markets were mentioned, such as 
low tests, slow pay, and desire to 
change markets. Sentiment toward 
the association is growing and 
getting stronger right along. 

Plans for 1935 basics were dis- 
cussed but no action was taken. 

The directors voted to publish in 
the Review a resolution expressing 
appreciation of the excellent work 
by A. A. Miller as editor of the 
Review. Mr. Miller was forced to 
relinquish his duties because of ill 
health. This testimonial appears 
on page 2. 

The amendments to the by-laws 
were again discussed and the re- 
quest made that further study be 
given certain sections and that they 
be brought before the next meet- 
ing of the Board of Directors. 

Ants are supposed to be the 
hardest working creatures in the 
world. Yet they seem to have time 
to attend all picnics. 




|U>t, 1934 

Those Four Thousand ^cal Markcts Hold Fitm 

Dollars AJ'^-^* 

To the 



•our t^^ouJi. ^^^^.TioN is holding up 

and ten dollars! A neat sum/l ' •"" '- J-'-^^'- ""'•'* 

milk producers to pay for the 

well in the Philadelphia 
.y. Most of the area has-been 

election ol directors for our >ored with P'^^.\y. ° ^ . ^_,,_ 

J This is not true. 

'fl * • . I .... ^r\. ... . 

associuiiuii. I HIS is im- court ^a ""'."""i j. ^jf the terri 

assessed above ordinary and r-^^^^*^' 'j »i,p.Siiaauehanna River 

lar annual moi^tmi? costs " ^ • u„,,« k*»#»n snotted ana 

producing milk so profitable * ' " " '""'^ *""*" 


are affected rather directly by the 
drought and only meet in part the 
increased costs occasioned by tne 
reduced feed supply. Omaha, Des 
Moines, Wheeling, several Ohio 
r^i.: — , — and other mid- 
western cities are now paying more 
for their milk. Thousarids of pro- 
ducers in those areas have been 
forced to pasture their meagre hay 
crops and have no hay whatever. 
Others have made hay out of their 

piwuu«-iiig iiiiiiv ^KJ |.*i wii i«i.»ic '^i-i|r£s hay crops <* 
we can afford such extravagai»ins are relatively poor, 
w/i I n c J ,..1 reoorts State that pro- 

Why was this expense as well irederai rcp" , . ^^mers uavt ..— — —j - i i ., 

_,», „r .he. .»d. „„.,.K- ,Pej r„ noit . Ne„ oa. c.p, "^ich we. ,ho.^a„a >ow 

Who caused all this comm,, J^^^y^ Pennsylvania figures show '^J'l'^^^^^^^y hay crops such as 
and are those who did so any bt^^ut the same as a year ago Du j^^^^^^ ^^^ g^^dan grass will be 

off thereby? What good have t» than average^ It is prooaoie ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ available. Lven 

accomplished for themselves? l«t southeastern P^""f '^^*"'^*Xi these are short in the most severely 

the fight worth its cost? What action per cow was som ^^^ ^.^ sections of the drought area, 
be the future attitude of thoseOOve the figure tor^t^he ^j^^^^j^^j 

caused all this hubbub? etc. etc»te. P.e^^;;^J^^ cow about Effect of Drought 

Surely fellow milk producerslOw production i^ ^^^ j^^^ 

cannot afford such cxtravagaiie same as a y^*'^ ^ ^^^^ ^^e All this has not exerted its full 

We cannot afford to go on fight»»n normal. J^» /" • \^ be effect on dairy production as yet. 

one another. We do need to ftnjported total production ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ wherever avail- 

common ground policy and pceater. , j^ ^^^^ able and the source of next winter s 

gram that all can support. T One '"J.^/'I^^^Zt is the more feed supply is utjcertain Cows are 
may be impossible but if ^t on this '"^''f^^ '^^^^^ ^^an- likely to be poorly fed which would 
organization will function n*f>ngent barn inspec ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ,^^ production. The 

effectively it is quile evident t^rds. ^h^s has resuu j^^^ available feed supp y as herds go 

the minority should sui>,Jort foducers, «"PP'y'"^^J^^%f their into the winter is likely to deter- 
majority. Admitting that maj(/bo dispose o seeking 

ties make mistakes and that l^uct in ^ew Jersey seek'n^ 
are not always right, what otrther outlets for the.r nulk_ i »U8 
can there be than majority ruleituat.on was <^°'"P;J7i^^°^J 
During the interim from ^^mand for "P*^"^^^^ .^^^^^"f * 
vember 1933 to June I 'JH -he barns of those pod u^^^^^^^^ 

• ,1 I . I J New ersey authorities are warn 

association. tliroui?li its board i^t-w J^' ^ , -^„»„ not to 

I- I I r no nrnducers in that staie nui i" 

directors, made a nunilur ot co»6 pi"""*- , . nxnect 

cessions and put forth sincrOcrease production if they expect 

efforts toward finding that comm«vorable P^'"« ^« "°^ T^^ '°h^ 
ground policy and program, oii-mantained. Contrasted to this^ 
■ ' . ^ . ' " .L_ Ppnnsvlvania control uoaru 

ing at various times to meet vow*: ,, , -^ • r ^A..^i,nn rnn- 
II . Irons all basis of production con 

any or all opposition groups. "oP'* .'"/ "" . ' „ ^f ,.- order 

I . 1 I . II I a trol with the issuance ol its oraer 

round a taLle, talk diderencesovMOi Willi I" ^vnorted 

»v/i . I I .1 n It IS hot)cd and expccitu, 

etc. What more could the assoc^- "^ '" '' \. r ^»,.„ ^^ill Un 
tion do for the dissatisfied mci»owever, that this <^^^";^^ . j ^. 
Lers? Is It sensii le to think .flt^tored at an ^«;ly , ^^^J^^ J^^*°'" 
the directors elected to a trJ>r?duct,op gets out of bounds. 

ing above a year ago except for a 
mid-July peak in \)ii. 

Cheese production is slight y 
ahead of 1933 with substantia y 
larger storage stocks and slightly 
lower prices. Consumer demand as 
shown by trade output is also ahead 
of a year ago. Mvaporated milk 
production is II percent behind 
1933 for the first six months and ^^'t 
percent behind in Juuc w.t.. con- 
densed milk productiori somewhat 
greater than in 1933. Lvaporated 
milk has showed a reduced trade 
output so far this year while storage 
stocks are 47 percent larger. 

Should drought conditions re- 
duce materially the supply of these 
manufactured products and thus 
cause a general price increase it 
should release the pressure ol low 
price milk on fluid markets. 1 here 
is a grave ' J-^r. however, that 
any marked price increase will 
cause consumers to turn to substi- 
tutes with the loss of output which 
could be won back only with great 
effort accompanied by price sacri- 





Wtol »i'o» iioduce be«t mn-i with low- 
est inve»'menl. 35-y««r 
■ ecords. 


Mf« by 

(Room } I b M )— — - 



May Prices Paid by 
Producers' Associations 


I I I I 1 1 New lersey prices were ao- aui 

should have ri-siuned, gone lion '^^"^ J, / r, ;„^rf.a«p to 8 

, r , I v^nrpA liilv with an increase lo n. i 

„,vanced July I with an increase to 
consumersat the same time. Wheth- 

mine the level of production during 
the next nine months. 

One factor which will be a per- 
manent help to the industry, or at 
least through the next dairy cycle, 
is the Federal program ot cattle 
slaughter in the drought areas. 
Figures are not available to show 
what proportion of the 5.000,UOU 
head which may be bought for this 
purpose will be dairy cattle. 1 his 
program will certainly remove some 
of the excess production capacity 
with which we are faced. Slaught- 
ered animals arc being converted 
into meat for relief puriwses only. 
The manufacture of dairy pro- 
ducts from January I to July I was 
8 1 percent less than in 19 J5 and 
June production was 8.6 percent 
less. Butter showed a 9 P^^rcent 
reduction for six months ot U)"* 

3.5% Milk. f. o. b. Market (x) 
Net Price 
$1 76 


New York City 
Des Moines 

1 28 

Basic Price 
1 40 

left the association witiiout 

ance? What nonsense! '=°"'""'^'''''' "'"""■:i::";;,t of the 
\v/i ii- . i,er an increase over the rest oi me 
Who was willing to make*' ■*" "'^' ... , J„;„,.Uh. will reduction loi 3i«. •••" - -- . 

compromise? Who was no,? ^l^^^ f.^^ -'" ^'^ ' ru^es Tnd and 10.7 percent less in June. Bul- 
resu ts could reasonably have l.^^P^^'^ ^^^^^^y "P"" ^^^^ '"' „ducer t^r in storage was about 70 million 
expected to have followed a corOther costs which the producer ;-3f„^ J^jy ,. compared to 106 

prornise? Surely a comprom>«"«t -ne^t million a year earlier. Trade output 

would have been a compromise. P - ^^^^^^^^^^ ^f ^^^^^ ;, improving also with prices rang- 

men lor d. rectors as well a! " " 
compromise on policy and pf 

gram. If c: mpromise is folly ti 
is all idle tall . 

Whether cc mpromise would ha 
made the organization one t ^ 
better is no doubt a debatat 
question, but all oj)p()sing grou: 
had every opportunity to Le hea: Market 
and would not, except throuf . 
newspapers. 1 ellow milk produce 
four thousand do 
ruinous in the extreme to ti 
association a wasteful expend 
ture a dissapation of resources 

July Prices at Principal Markets 

From National Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation 

Prices f.o.b. City 3.S% Test, Butter- 

, • ; fat Uitl- 

Classl Class II Class III erential 

utterly useless. Are not ll* 

injunction and its sponsors " 
sponsible, in part at least? 

All agree that more and bettt 
work might have been done by tt 

- r- *Philadelphia $2-60 

lar elections a' *Pitt8burgh i 2.24 

... 4,. n Wheeling 

*N.Y. City (Ml mUerane) 

aDcs Moines 

Washington, D. C. . . 




ABostOn (191 mile zone) 









association, but fellow milk pf'i AChicay;u '-•'■' 

ducer, do not forget that the p>> \St. Louis ' 2.00 

icago 2.23 

.- — - . Abt. Louis ' 2.00 

record is one of accomplishment AMinneapolis-St. Paul . 1.60 

L^t us ever remember that it AProvidence 2.96 

only as we work with tiie assocu ^L^g Angeles 1.923 

tion and use it that we benefit' *Cincinnati (t) , l-^*^ 


Goodville, Penna. 
July 20. 1934. 

//. K. Mari' 

„.. (t) 1.89 

AKansas^ity (t) I i-7^ 

1 1.31 

$ .86m 






1 .03 























io Fxcept New York quotations apply 
to 20r210 mile zone and Boston <iuota- 
tions to 181-200 mile zone 

Wisconsin Prices 

Wisconsin dairymen received an 
average price of $1.06 per hundred 
pounds on all milk sold during 
June, according to the Wisconsin 
Crop and Livestock Reporter, is- 
sued by the Federal an",, ^^ate 
agricultural statistician. M'l^ used 
in cheese making brought $.//; 
for butter, $1.04; for condcnsaries, 
$1.14; fluid milk, $1.33; and butter- 
fat was $.26 a pound. 

Production i>er cow on July I 
is reported as almost a half pound 
under the figure for a year earlier 
and practically three pounds under 
the 1923 to 1931 average for that 
date More cows are being kept 
than a year earlier resulting in 
slightlv higher milk production 
per farm, the increase being less 
than one percent. 

Stirring Speeds Cooling 






A. A. milk marketing license. 

u Tn lip determined accord- 
(t) June prices: x Average of variations within riass; B . ' ° ^'^ ,''^'*= 
ing to butter; m More than three price classes, others not incluciea. 

• Under Stite Control Board supervision; a Under A. A 
(t) June prices: x Average of variations within class; B 

I low can we cool milk most ra- 

pidlv with the ice water type of 

cooling tank in which the filled 

cans of milk are immersed? An 

experiment at Cornell University 

in which cans filled with milk at 

90 degrees were placed in water ol 

30 degrees to which a weighed 

amount of ice was added gives us 

some facts on the subject. 

One set of cans was not dis- 
turbed, neither the water in the 
tank nor milk in the cans being 
stirred. In anither set of cans the 
milk was stirred every ten minutes. 
In a third set the water in the tank 

Thai it what every pi«c« of 
good printing it AN IDEA 

if you would be interested in a good 
I printer's ideas about sood printing, 
' we are at your disposal at any time. 

Call, write or phone 
West Chester No. 1 

Horace F. Temple 



was stirred every ten minutes and 
in the fourth set both milk and 
water were stirred every ten min- 
utes Long-stemmed thermometers 
lowered into the center of the cans 
were used to read temperatures. 

Temperatures were read every 
ten minutes for an hour and the 
milk which was stirred and which 
was surrounded by water which 
was stirred showed the lowest 
temperature at every reading, with 
the milk which was stirred while 
the water remained undisturbed 
showing the second lowest temp- 
eratures. Next was the milk im- 
mersed in the water that was stir- 
red This showed that if only one 
or the other, the milk or water, is 
stirred, quickest coaling w'U be 
obtained by stirring the milk but 
at the end of an hour there will be 
little difference in temperature. 

The final temperatures at the end 
of one hour were 37.2 degrees for 
the cans where neither mi k nor 
water was stirred, 33.3 degrees 
where the milk only was stirred, 
3^ 7 degrees where the water only 
was stirred and 30.4 degrees where 
both milk and water were stirred 
The stirring of both milk and 
water is therefore slightly prefer- 
able but if the danger of contami- 
nation from or>cning the cans and 
stirring the milk is too great it is 
pointed out that stirring the water 
only should be satisfactory. 



Making Plans for 
Annual Meeting 

The best program for the best 
annual meeting in the history of 
the association is the ambition of 
A. R. Marvel who has been 
appointed chairman of the com- 
mittee to make arrangements lor 
your 1934 annual meeting, sched- 
uled for November 20-21. 

This date was set by the Board 
of Directors at its meeting on July 
20th. The important business of 
the meeting will be the election of 
nine directors for three-year terms. 
The full schedule of business will 
be included in the official call of 
the meeting which will be carried 
in the September Review. 

Mr. Marvel has appointed to 
the general committee the following 
men: Frederick Shangle, J. W. 
Keith. Chester Gross. Ivo V. Otto. 
M. L. Stitt and E. H. Donovan, all 
of whom are members of the Inter- 
State board of directors, and C. 1. 
Cohee, secretary of the Philadel- 
phia Dairy Council. 

The program committee consists^ 
of B. H. Welty. as chairman, l.'t 
Ralph Zollers and E. M. Crowl. 
E. H. Donovan was named chair- 
man of the entertainment commit- 
tee and serving with him are. J. W 
Keith and Wm. MendenhaU. 
banquet committee consis 
Frederick Shangle. chairman, Ivo 
V. Otto and M. L. Stitt. .«..• 

The women's committee naa 


• » ^* c 
sists or 

phosphate, nitrogenous fertilizers, 
and manure, the Exp>eriment Sta- 
tion scientists have extended the 
pasture season on treated grass 
lands by four weeks, and greatly 
increased the total yield of forage. 
Moreover, twice as many cows have 

been pastured on fertilized land 
• 11 - ...._-^_j 

mail IS puaaiuic \jii uiii.i»^i»>-«-<-« 

pastures. Cost of fertilizer used 
has been more than onset by *^'«* 
value of the increased pasture 
yield, and the savings in cash that 
otherwise would have been spent 
for grain feeds. 

In other experiments, hay yields 
were increased 65 per cent by 
fertilizer treatments. This hay, cut 
while immature and put through a 
dehydrator, was found to contain 
from 25 to 30 per cent more nu- 
trients than hay from unfertilized 
grass land. 

By-Law Changes 
Under Way 

Work on the amendments to the 
by-laws of your association is 
actively under way. The commit- 
tee authorized at your annual 
meeting on June 4th met on July 
5th and thoroughly discussed the 
entire set of by-laws, recommend- 
ing changes in ten of the fifty 
sections. The changes propxjsed in 
four of the sections are of major 
importance, and the other six 

been planned so as to inclTO^ tlarify oj< simplify the sections 

representatives from the official 
family of the association, represen- 
tatives from the field force and 
from the membership at large. 
The committee women include Mrs. 
Joseph Briggs of Yardley, Pa.; Mrs. 
E. C. Dunning. Chambersburg, 
Pa.; Mrs. Elizabeth McG. Gra- 
ham, Philadelphia; Mrs. H. D. 
Kinsey, Quakertown, Pa. ; Dr. Han- 
nah McK. Lyons, Philadelphia; 
Mrs. A. R. Marvel, Easton, Md.; 
Mrs. B. H.Welty, Waynesboro, Pa. 
and one other member to be ap- 
pointed from the membership. Mrs. 
Briggs has been named chairman. 

Active work will be started by 
these committees well in advance 
of the annual meeting. Such pre- 
paration should assure an excellent 
program with details well worked 
out thus assuring every member 
present of the most in information 
and entertainment. 

Chairman Marvel encourages 
members to send any suggestions 
they may have to the chairman of 
the committee concerned or to the 
Inter-State offices. He wants to 
know what type of program is 
wanted, both as to educational and 
entertainment features, and feels 
that the opinions of members 
should be a real help in developing 
such a program. 

Pasture Care Pays 

Research conducted at the Turn- 
er estate in Sussex county. New 
Jersey, has demonstrated that by 
special fertilizer applications and 
better management of pasture lands 
the New Jersey dairy farmer can 
cut his annual $6,000,000 feed bill 
by $1,250,000. 

Through the use of lime, super- 


The committee which was em- 
powered to develop and recommend 
these changes was composed of 
Hon. John A. McSparran, Penn- 
sylvania Secretary of Agriculture, 
as chairman, H. W. Cook and J. 
W. Keith of the Board of Directors, 
H. K. Martin, Goodville, Pa.; 
Kenzie Bagshaw, Hollidaysburg, 
Pa.; C. S. Whittaker, Alexandria, 
Pa.; and Chas. S. Hires of Salem, 
N. J. Its recommendations were 
presented to the Board of Directors 
at its meeting on July 20th and 
occupied a major place on the 
program of that meeting. 

Section 3 which provides for 
rules of eligibility for stockholders 
and the distribution of voting 
power aroused considerable dis- 
cussion. It was the concensus of 
opinion of the committee and of 
the directors that voting power 
should be confined more closely to 
active milk producers but opinions 
varied as to the best means of 
attaining this end. The board 
finally voted to refer this section 
back to the committee for further 

Section 1 3 of the by-laws pro- 
viding for the election of directors, 
their qualifications and their duties 
was another focal point of atten- 
tion. The best way of staying 
within the law and providing for 
a more direct selection of directors 
summarizes the discussion. Fur- 
ther consideration of these poonts 
was requested before action would 
be taken. 

The proposed amendment to 
section 25 would reduce the Execu- 
tive Committee to seven members, 
six to be selected by the Board of 
Directors from its number, and 
the President of the Association. 

The change in section 49 provides 
for a change in amending the by- 


Don't pay a penalty ^ * 

for City Trafficking 




SEP 24 '^M 

k ••uul Economics EitenaoT^ 



No. 5 

' ,..,. 



Save 15% to 30% 

RURAL dwellers who do most 
of their driving in the coun- 
try, run much less risk of acci- 
dent than city traffic drivers. An 
automobile accident policy with 
P.T.F. gives you all the advan- 
tages of special low rates for 
living in the country and doing 
most of your driving on safe 
country roads. Full protection 
with absolute safety. Assets of 
the P.T.F. are nearly $1,000.- 


We Protect You Under (i 
Nea^ ResporMibility Law 

>airy Markets Are 


with extremely short rations. This 
will force the use of lower grade 
substitute feeds next wmter and 
perhaps compel further drastn: 

uiiiij- .CTT ...cj- >,»v.»v. jv^v, ,,w„^,icvt. ... ^,- _„ „rid reduction in their herds. Inspie 

your license if you have an acior higher reta.l '"'Ik Pr.ce and ^ ^^ ^^^^ shortage, pro- 

THE IMMtL»i««- • 
prices shows less encourage 
ment than we would like to 
bility law may cause you tol(^lieve. We see "°.|']^^^''^P'^°*'!^"d 
your license if you have an a^r higher ret^a^ inTieasi" there. can 

Our IVorkmen Compemation Policy prooidei protection for 
both employer and employee and has returned a substantial 

1 prices. 

I J D ^ . 'fete prices, iiv/"»-- — . ^ 

tection, paying lawyers* feesaijjjgh as to force such an increase in 
^,n„=.«« Yon ran'f affoJ „;»£ of copsumer resisUnce 

•^Production in the Philadelphia 
Milk Shed has held up to normal 
JlsUtly above. A slightly larger 

aent ana are not proiec.eo. ^'■■- .^^^^^^^ -^ class 
policy gives you complete pi^^j pnces, howc 

y'ing lawyers* fees a 
damages. You can't afford 

auction iiao ^>v.v. 

very near and in some places above 
the 1933 level. 

drive your car without it. 

Some Price Increases 

Advances have 

Tii^lJ^nd'Ziy'ii^r" isTeported' as above^Xf?«J„^ 

l> tVi New lersey and Ueiawarc, 

Pennsylvania Thresherraen & Farmers Mutual Casualty Insurance ^^^^^ 1933 ^ut below average in 

325 5. 18th St., Harrisburg, Pa. Pennsylvania and below previous 

, years in Maryland. Tho\V^'^V°"^ 

^ . o if Pennsylvania and Maryland 

Pa. T. & F. Mutual Caaualty Ins. Co., Harri»bu~ °- 

Gentlemen: I am interested in — 

already taken 
or sli8;htly above, t^ »..«.. "j •"J'- , 1 ;„ many of those markets 

r ._,._j 00 aKnve average m 

the first seven months of th.s yean 
Although butter production was 
high in July, being °">y ^^f .""^ 
4! million pounds tinder July 
1933 it is not certam that this w.l 
continue. The drought continued 
in the butter states and many 
farmers are said to have salvaged 
damaged feed crops [^V ..^^^^^'"^ 
them at once thus holding up 
production. Every intjicat.on points 
to a short feed supply throughou 
the butter sections which must 
n.ean a reduced butter output untjl 
the next pasture season arrives. A 
high of 28.5 cents a pound tor )l- 
score butter was reached on August 
16th, the highest price since Ue^ 
cember 30, 1931. when it was 29 
cents Prices have since receded 






which lie within the Philadelphia 
Milk Shed have been favored with 
better weather than the remainaer 

Deiier wcaiiiti v..«.. — 

of those states therefore indicating 

Payroll „ g higher production over most ot 

♦Kp «hpd This situation is also 
r-1 AUTOMOBILE or TRUCK INSURANCE Ihown bv S"^^^'^'"^"^ reports which 

Make of Car _ Model gt^te that supplies of local cream 

I M^^^ are more plentiful. This cream has 

^""^ found sale at satisfactory prices 

. Addrfs-s Q„iy because of a strong butter 

I This inquiry does not obligate me in any way Lmarket. 

Production Holds Up 

laws by the members at our annual 

These amendments together with 
the others, which are of minor 
importance, will be covered in the 
Review when finally approved and 
passed by the Board. 

Overcapitalization is working a 
severe hardship on many New 
Jersey farmers, facing them con- 
tinuously with the possibility of 
loss of their farms, it was brought 
out recently at a meeting of the 
Governor's Emergency Farm Mort- 
gage Committee of New Jersey. 

"Be kind to insects", says a 

We never lose an opportunity 
of patting a mosquito on the back. 

In spite of the drought in the 
mm^l^mmmm^^^Km^ midwest and rising feed prices in 

" the east government reports show 

iimm 1.-1.- A n J that more milk is being delivered 

Mastitis & Garn by each producer in almost allarge 

maOllllO a Uai5«l ^^.^^^^ that have reported for 

July. Seattle reports smaller aver- 
age shipments in July following a 
period of heavy production in the 

It does appear that higher pr>ces 
may be paid in this area for milk 
that is used for cream or manufac- 
turing purposes. Butter has ad- 
vanced about three cents over a 
month ago altho a little weaker in 
price the last week than in mid 

Make your own tests of 
samples of milk from 
your cows to determine 
the condition of the 


Production Going Up 

f.CHT PERCENT more milk came « ;'-. '[f '["f ^eefc tlori 
ML August and 9 percent more durmg *r^."'.^''%jj ^c- 
Labor Day than for the per,oJ n /933,^ac 

cording to the government "^Y.^^l^'^^'J^and 8 percent 
Cream receipts were 11 P*'7X/^^* ' VMfe"con</er»se^c/ milk 
'-:J;ts LteTo1ert'r.%i3rpe^c7nr.ore, respectively 

Cream receipts from ^l^^^Z^lnn^Zn!!:: N^^^^^^^^^^^ 
cream received from P^wLt Virginia increased drastically, 
Maryland, Delaware and ^l'/J;'«''ljy6 percent more than 
being 26 percent 'TV* '"/ ^L^" !)?„,/,« na%ear earlier. In 

during the ^^^^^^^ZlioU at P^^^^^ of condensed 

the same periods receipts ^\^!^"^" ^^ ^nd 36 percent, 
milk from the same area increased 19 percent ana p 

Western cream receipts dropped 33 percent ^nJ"J^^^^*j 

and 55.7 percent in the week ^f-^^^-J'^^^^g^i ^I'^.ent in 
milk from the west dropping 13 percent ana u y 

the same period. „^ „/ 

"^.r'lf JZ/i^rpTrcen" </ropfrorr».e wes, for the n,onth 

t';;:xt r "i;r.3' • ^^^^ ^-p ". '->- '-- 

territory west of Pennsylvania. , , j 

reduce cream and manufactured milk prices. 

.Singleone: "When I marry, I'm 

goin^^ to lay down the law to my 

■f " 

Benedick: "Possibly so, but you- 
'll accept all her amendments. " 


Post paid 

Enables you to find the 
faulty quarters that usu- 
ally bring up your bac- ^ 
teria count % 

The Special Products Co., Ii" 


When answering these advert" 
ments mention the Review. 

price the last week than in mid- u^.,„ stimulated produc- 

August. With all milk except Class «.PP^^" *° ^^^^^^'J''^" 'Cast The 
I based on butter, this price rise, t.on. temporarily , at least. ^, 

if held, should bring a fair increase 
for any surplus. 

The producer who dci^ends upon 
purchased feeds will not be in a 
position to get any real bencht from 
such increases. His feed bill is 
likely to absorb any extra price he 
will get. 

Dairymen living in the drought 
areas are facing short feed siipplies 
and they will be competing directly 
with all others for their feed sujjply. 
Many farmers in those sections 


have pastured or barn fed much of 
their winter's supply, leaving them 

effect of these advances on rnilk 
sales is uncertain at present. Un- 
less industrial employment picks 
up and city purchasing power gains 
we cannot expect sales to absorb 
the probable increase in production 
resulting from such price advances. 
Prospects for manufactured dairy 
products indicate higher prices 
during the next eight months. But- 
ter storage stocks were 28% lower 
on August 1st than on the same 
date last year, and were 19% unde 

the 5-ycar average. P'-o^uction of 
butter was 8.1% under 1933 for 

to 27.5 cents which level can be 
maintained, we believe, only it 
butter production is reduced. 

More Cheese 

Cheese production shows a slight 
gain in the first .seven months of 
1934 which resilted in a sharp 
drop in prices in July but which 
have since recovered ^^^"''^l)" 

stocks of cheese were about \l.i/o 
larger on August 1st than a year 
earlier and about 12.1 % above the 
five-year average. 

llvaporated milk supplies in 
storage are well above a year ago 

but below the f^ve-year averape^ 
Production is below last year which 
is helping maintain a steady price. 
It is doubtful if butter or cheese 
prices can advance much more 
because of the possibility of im- 
ports. Recent butter prices ap^ 
^;;lched the limit of the tanff 
over London prices. Should that 
limit of fourteen cents be reached 
foreign butter will corne here in 
spUe of the tariff and hold prices 
near that margin over the prices 
in large European consuming cen- 
't^rs Abundant foreign supplies 
indicate low foreign prices Cheese 
pnces will be held in line in a 
similar manner. 

There is also the prospect that 
if and when butter prices go above 
what certain consumers consider 
a fair price those consumers will 
turn to oleomargarine. 

Cattle Buying Helps 

The cattle buying program of 
the government is well under way 
and should have a long-time bene- 
ficial effect. The immediate effect 
will depend upon how many of the 
seven or eight million head to be 
purchased are dairy animals, f-arm- 
ers facing an acute feed shortage 
are expected to reduce their herds 
sharply, even at canner prices 
before winter sets in which should 
help reduce dairy cow numbers. In 
addition fewer heifer calves are 
being raised and fewer yearling 
heifers are reported. This makes 
the long - time prospect appear 
brighter as it indicates we are 
definitely started on the down 
trend of dairy cow numbers. t 
has been found that we usually 
have a seven year period when the 
number of cows in the country 
increases and it looks as though 
the last year covered the peak ot 
the increase. 

Getting back to the immediate 
sitiation, the drought has not 
reduced production as much as 
cxi>ected. In fact, many sections, 
even in the sections classihed as 
drought arc:i8. have reported in- 
creased production. No satisfac- 
tory expl mation has been advanc- 
ed ' for tliis unexpected result. 
It is possible that the potential 
capacity to produce is now being 
used more fully. To explain fur- 
ther production per cow was 
increasing slowly but steadily for 
years, due to better breeding, 
better feeding and weeding out ot 
low producers. The depression 
with its low dairy cow and dairy 
product prices halted the results of 
this improvement but possibly it 
is coming to the surface again 
under present conditions which 
are forcing better dairy practices. 



,temb«r, 1934 



Indemnity Available 
For Bang^s Reactors 

Tjo YOU HAVE any cows afflicted 
'^ with Bang's disease (common- 
ly called contagious abortion)? Do 
you even suspect the presence of 
the disease in your herd? Or do 
you want to find out about it, and 
if free of the disease, have the 
satisfaction of knowing for a fact 
that your herd is healthy in that 

You can now have your herd 
tested free of charge and if any 
animal is found to be infected you 
can receive cash payment for get- 
ing it out of your herd. 

This testing program was devel- 
oped by the Bureau of Animal 
Industry of the U. S. D. A. upon 
the recommendation of the A. A. A. 
as one means of reducing dairy 
production. The aid of most state 
departments of agriculture has 
been secured in putting it across. 

Plenty of arguments can be 
found in favor of testing for this 
disease under the plan offered. 
First, an indemnity of up to $20.00 
may be paid for grade animals 
found infected with the disease 
and up to $50.00 for purebreds. 
Second, the owner gets the market 
value of the animal in addition to 
the indemnity. Third, the testing 
will be done without cost. Fourth, 
it will remove most of the animals 
which are not sure breeders and 
therefore an actual or a F>otential 
source of cash loss. Fifth, it will 
get rid of many of the cows which 
are susceptible to mastitis, or 
garget. Bang's disease and mastitis 
having been found to occur togeth- 
er in a large number of cases. Sixth, 
getting rid of the disease will 
p>ermit quicker building up of an 
efficient producing and profitable 

Full indemnity is available only 
when the appraised value, less the 
salvage value upon slaughter, equals 
or exceeds the maximum indemnity 
offered. For example, a purebred 
cow is appraised at $80, the net 
return from slaughter is %H, leav- 
ing $52, but $50 would be the 
indemnity paid. However, if the 
same cow had been appraised at 
S'/5 the owner would have received 
$75 less $28, or $47. in other 
words, only those animals which 
are appraised at full indemnity 
plus enough to cover full salvage 
value will draw the full amount 
allowed for indemnity. 

Mention of this test was made on 
page 8 of the August issue of the 
Milk Producers' Review. We 
wish to repeat here certain rules 
governing the test which were 
included in that article. 

The owner agrees (I) to market 
for slaughter under State or Fed- 
eral supervision, all heifers over six 
months old, cows or bulls, that 
react to the agglutination test 
which will be used. 

(2) To confine new animals 
added to the herd, as far as practic- 
able, to virgin animals and to those 
from herds known to be free of 
Bang's disease. 

(3) To continue blood testing the 
animals in his herd in accordance 

with the accredited Bang's disease 
herd plan of his state. 

(4) To clean and disinfect his 
premises under supervision after 
the removal of reactors. 

This is all agreed to in the 
written agreement signed by the 
herd owner. Such an agreement 
can be obtained from any Federal 
veterinarian or state official who is 
CO - operating in this campaign. 
County agricultural agents can 
also be called upon for assistance. 

No assurance is given as to the 
length of time during which indem- 
nities and free veterinarian service 
will be available. This has been 
established as an emergency pro- 
gram with a limited appropriation. 
It is up to the Inter-State members 
to take advantage of it or leave it 
alone as they individually may 
desire. If you want it, however, 
act quickly so as to be sure of 
getting the indemnity on infected 

Pennsylvania Ranks 
High in Cow Testing 

In a summary of the records of 
dairy herd improvement associa- 
tions for 1932-33 the Bureau of 
Dairy Industry of the United 
States Department of Agriculture 
reports Pennsylvania second in 
number of associations and total 
cows tested. The Keystone state 
had 85 associations and 18,992 

Milk production averaged 8,205 
pounds a cow and the butterfat 
average was 325 pounds. The value 
of the product was $158 and the 
cost of feed $64 per cow, leaving 
$94 for labor and the other costs 
of housing and maintaining the 
dairy cow. 

The Pennsylvania average milk 
production was 356 pounds above 
the nationwide association average 
per cow, and the butterfat figure 
for this state exceeded the national 
average by 12 pounds. The feed 
cost per cow in Pennsylvania was 
$12 greater t .an the avera'^e for 
the country, the value of the 
product $27 more, and the return 
above feed cost $15 greater than 
the average for cows in all associa- 
tions of the country. 

Beltsville Designated 
As Research Center 

Secretary Wallace has designated 
the field activities at Beltsville and 
at Bell, Md., as the "Beltsville 
Research Center of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture " and named 
Dr. E. N. Bressman as temporary 
director. This action brings to- 
gether under one administrative 
head most of the field activities of 
of the Department in the vicinity 
of Washington. The Beltsville 
Research Center, comprising about 
4500 acres, about 15 miles north- 
east of Washington, is destined to 
be developed as the principal ex- 

perimental area under control of 
the Department and as the largest 
and most completely equipped 
plant for the scientific study of 
agriculture in this country. 

Alreadv 10 bureaus of the De- 
partment are conducting or are 
definitely planning activities in 
this area. The policy of the Depart- 
ment will be to continue concen- 
trating all the field work of this 
nature at Beltsville. The new 
center will be organized to control 
the whole area and will include the 
plant introduction garden at Bell. 

Considerable bu Iding has been 
done in the last year or two, both 
as a part of the regular program 
of the Department and more re- 
cently under several emergency 
funds for stimulating employment. 
Additional buildings will be re- 
quired to house activities that will 
be shifted to this area as conditions 
make the moves desirable. 

Farm Price Index 
Up Seven Points 

An increase of 7 points, from 80 
to 87, in the index of prices received 
by farmers for the month ended 
August I 5, was reported on August 
29th by the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics. This is the largest 
monthly increase since the early 
summer of 1933 and places the 
index 15 points higher than a year 
earlier and at the highest level 
recorded since April, 1931. 

In the month the increases in the 
various groups of products were as 
follows: Grains, I 5 points; chickens 
and eggs, I I points; cotton and 
cottonseed, 8; dairy products, 3; 
meat animals, 2. The index for 
fruits and vegetables declined 3 
points as a result of the sharp 
decline on apple prices when new- 
crop supplies became available. 

Compared with prices a year 
ago, cotton and cottonseed were 
up 36 points: grain 26 points; 
chickens and eggs, 17; dairy pro- 
ducts, 8; and meat animals, 5. The 
mid-August indexes for grain, and 
cotton and cottonseed exceeded 
their pre-war average for the first 
time since the summer of 1930 but 
still were about 16 points short of 
parity figures for this month. The 
August 1 5 price index for fruits 
and vegetables was 20 points lower 
than a year earlier, however, due 
to the sharp reduction in the farm 
price of potatoes. 

The exchange value of farm 
products measured by prices for 
commodities farmers buy increased 
') points during the month, ended 
August 15. At 71 percent of pre- 
war in mid-August, the ratio of 
prices received to prices paid by 
farmers was 7 points higher than a 
year earlier and equalled the tem- 
porary peak recorded in July of 
last year. Except for July 1933. 
the August 1 5 index of exchange 
value reached the highest level 
recorded since December 1930. 

Professor (at conclusion of ex- 
ams): "Now, p:jss all your papers 
to the end of the row; have a carbon 
sheet under each one, and I can 
correct all the mistakes at once." 

lational Federation 
/leets In November 
Control Board Hearini i j „ will 

New Order in ^-^^r.,X>.l^^^^::Z^tTxoL 

A new order from the PennJ!!!"November 12 to 14 to discuss 
nia Milk Control Board w-^ir many mutual problems. At 
pected before this issue o^t time the National Cooperative 
Review went to press but «lk Producers reaerauuu "«•■ 
not materialize. Order I 3. hojd its eighteenth annual meeting, 
was rescinded. This order Advance estimates place the 
announced on Friday, July li||endance at 2000 with represen- 
was cancelled just one montli|»ion from dairy cooperatives in 
by order 16 which, in effec--ctically every section of the 
stored order 8 with its later a^Tntry. The Federation 'ncludcs 
ments. Jcooperative associations which 

Your association's officersgerate in forty states. . 'p * 
been in touch with members Jmbcrship of these associations 
Control Board at various timet fibout 360,000. 
expressed hopes for a new m The sales manager of your asso- 
be effective on September l.ittion, Mr. H. D. Allebach. is a 
failed to develop and on Augu^ctor of the Federation, 
an announcement from the G 
Board headquarters stated tA 
general hearing would be he 

Harrisburg from September - ^^ ^^ Valuable 
15 at which all interested pef^^ . lo'ic 
would be permitted to prescnr'^P ^^ 
timony, either oral or written "pon't plow up timothy, alfalfa 

The announcement stated other crop which will pro- 

out of this hearing it was hope^^ j^^y ;„ 1935." 
order could be developed w 'pj^jg |g the admonition of Dr. 
would remain in effect for j i pjeters of the U. S. Depart- 
time. The new order, it is plari^j^j Qf Agriculture, who for a 
will replace all prior orders ano- ^.^gj of a century has kept tab 
establish trade practices and tt_ forage crops of the United 
of payment. tfttes. He says, "Farmers would 

All testimony at the hearing i||.j^jjily plow up a certain part of 
be under oath and a conia|pj,. timothy and alfalfa acreage, 
stenographic record will be a^^ i,^ view of present conditions, 
able for inspection at the offiai yyould seem wise to leave these 
the Control Board after the hear^jg^ even though they do not 

Particular attention is btj^jjucg a full crop." 
given six points at the hearing. J^jg conclusion, that a shortage 
cording to the announcement. T| j^^y is certain next year no 
are: ^tter how fast farm conditioris 

(1) Minimum prices to be pright improve from now on. is 
to producers for milk, includingibstantiated by these facts: 
questions of freight different Our greatest production of hay 
and any other deductions tosch year is from clover *"°^'' 
permitted by the Board. lothy. an average of about 30,- 

(2) Minimum prices to bechaflO,000 tons for the last ten years 
ed consumers for milk, cream, i4o8t of the 1935 crops would 
buttermilk. ormally be produced from clover 

(3) Minimum wholesale priceJld timothy seeded in 1934. But 
milk, cream, and buttermilk jfcjs year's seeding is alnriost a total 
in bottles or other containers or»8. Clover and timothy tonnage 
bulk, by milk dealers to other na 1935 is bound to be light, 
dealers, stores, hotels, restauran Alfalfa comes next in a"""^' 
schools, hospitals, institutions, uroduction — around 25,000.000 
relief agencies. ons. The acreage of this legume in 

(4) Designation of new m;935. if changed, will be less than 
marketing areas. his year. Thousands of acres 

(5) Sales quantity control, eeded to alfalfa in the fall of I93i 

(6) Designation of a Pennsyh^d the spring of 1934 have tailed 

nia milk shed. w want of moisture. Many old 

V » • rt; ,. .Ifalfa fields have been killed by 

Your associations orncers a**""" ntiua na , t^, , . 

J- .. »L r- . I D„,J»e extreme drought. I he shortage 
recommending to the Control DOi"'^''*"^""' ,"•""«» .,| 

.1 . •. • I J • »u J-,. 1,4 this year s crop cannot possibly 

that It include in the new order sur* >■•• = j"="' " *•' r: *^ 

P _„..:-:«_„ __ ...:ii ;_„..-« _„,jt made up in IVjj. 
rovisions as will insure ever- , , *^ , i i .„l 

member, and all other pr^duceri Seed for the annual hays such 
market for all their mflk. assunr- niillet. Sudan Grass and soy- 
them of as good a price for all miF«"»- ^^^ 1°* ^e very abundant 
needed for fluid trade as conditio^ year. In any event we are 
■II 11 r\ CL ,. I {-,, iqakely to need all the seed we can 

will allow. Definite plans lor '^ , Vi r • j- » 

L • I u • »-J il*t. I here is no way of immediate- 

basics are also being requested >» . • i t ;u 

II u J I r Jirt-wr-y increasing the acreage or wild 

well as price schedules tor diiterer^ » o »u „ 

J- . f 1 . u ;^u wi^ays. which produce less than 

distances from market which Wir7.„f. „,.„ ^ ^ ,, 

If- I » LI » ^j.ircr'^'WO.OOO tons annually, 

be fair and equitable to producer . ■ j r "1 i » 

• 11 . r»L 11 u J 'he present and future short- 

in all parts ol the milk shed. .„ 1 1 l ^- ii i J •• 

W. . ■ 1 1 .1 „ „«r*8e ot hay can be partially solved, 
e expect to include the n**^,,. p. v,. ^ .", ■ „,,„,., 

J \,\. r\ ^ \^ «f tiiilPy^ '-'r. Pieters, by saving every 

der in the October issue or WM •, ,1 r j i„ 

"vaiiable acre ot grasses and le- 

Wrnes for future use, even if such 

ay will not be needed by the 

armer who cuts it or by farmers 

n that part of the country. There 

ivill be a market for the better 

A 1 J » L„ a; grades of hay in the drought areas. 

An old-timer is one who <* u , ^ i-^ u <„j 

I u u I . (noi ^ °* poorer quality can be ted 

remember when baloney was to* p^fitably at home." 
and not a political implement. 


Review, or at least those parU' 
it which will be of direct cone 
to producers. 

18th Annual Stockholders' Meeting 

of the 


at the Broadwood Hotel, Philadelphia. Pa. 

November 20-21, 1934 

In accordance with the by-laws, the stockholders of the 
Inter State Milk Producers' Association will meet ^f Jh^ 
Broadwood Hotel, Broad and Wood Streets Philadelphia 

of such business as may be "-^^-fy- ^^,,, president 

I. Ralph Zollers, Secretary 

1 ^ «f fV,f meetinz will be announced 

Directorships to be filled 

Th. term, of the following nan.ed f--'-',rliX;*ch'reprU;;rt: 
of the forthcoming annual meeting The local units whicn eacn f 
are g!ven herewith for the information of all members. 

John S. Rf.isler, District 9 
Bay View, 
Cecil ton. 
Rising Sun. Belvedere. 

J. W. Keith, District 10 


Goldsboro, Marydell, 

Wm. G. Mendenhall, District 12 


Cecil Co., Md. 
Cecil Co.. Md. 
Cecil Co.. Md. 
Cecil Co.. Md. 
Cecil Co.. Md. 

Queen Annes Co.. Md. 
Caroline Co . Md. 
Queen Annes Co.. Md. 

Chester Co.. Pa. 

S:"»»n. B,.ndv»^,.. M...r, Ch-..' Co P.. 


Byers, Font, 

1 loney Brook. Dampman, 
1 1 B .Stewart, District 17 

Alexandria, Juniata Township 

Marlclesburg, Saxton. 
McAlevys Fort, 
Shade Valley. 
Shaeffers Creek. 
.Spruce Creek. 
Warriors Mark, 
M L. Stitt. L:)i8trict 18 
Church Hill. 
East Waterford, 
Spruce I nil. 

J C. Sutton. District 19 
Kennedvyille. Blacks. 
C 1 1 Joyce. District 20 
Columbus, Jobstown. 
Mt. I lolly. 
S U. Troutman, District 21 

Bedford, Osterburg, 


Friends Cove. 

New Enterprise. 
AsiiER B. Waodinoton. District 24 

Camden. Gloucester, 

Deerfield Street. 





Chester Co.. Pa. 
Chester Co., Pa. 
Chester Co . Pa. 
Chester Co.. Pa. 
Chester Co., Pa. 
Chester Co., Pa. 
Cheater Co.. Pa. 


I luntingdon Co.. 
Mifflin Co.. Pa. 
I luntingdon Co.. 
I luntingdon Co., Pa. 
1 iuntgindon Co.. Pa. 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 
I luntingdon Co.. Pa. 
Huntingdon Co.. Pa. 
1 luntingdon Co., Pa. 
I luntingdon Co., Pa. 
Ftuntingdon Co.. Pa. 

Mifflin Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Mifflin Co , Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co , Pa. 
Mifflin Co , Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co , Pa. 
Mifflin Co., Pa. 
Juanita Co., Pa. 
Juanita Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 

Kent Co.. Md. 
Kent Co . Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 
Kent Co . Md. 
Caroline Co . Md. 
Kent Co , Md. 

Burlington Co., N. J 
Burlington Co.. N. J 
Burlington Co.. N. J 
Burlington Co.. N. J 
Burlington Co., N. J 

Bedford Co. 
Bedford Co. 
Betlford Co 
Bedford Co 


Camden Co . N. J. 
Cumberland Co., N. J. 
Salem Co . N J 
Salem Co . N J 
Cumberland Co.. N J. 
Salem. N. J. 

Blending at Milk Plant 
Urged for Distributors 

Dairymen should convince deal- 
ers that it is to their own interests, 
as-well as to those of the dairyrnen 
themselves, to blend high and low 
test milk at the creamery rather 
than have the farmer enter the 
danaerous practice of cross-breed- 
ing, in the opinion ot l^. A. Oaunit. 
extension dairyman for the N. j. 
Agricultural Experiment Station. 

"It would be to the advantage of 
dealers to persuade farmers to put 
on entire herds of high-testing 
cattle, and to let farmers who have 
herds of Holsteins continue supply- 
ing low test milk," Mr. Gauntt 
believes. "Milk testing 4.5 percent 
fat or higher could then be blended 
at the creamery with 3.5 percent 
milk, rather than requiring each 
farmer to maintain a strictly 4 
percent average. 

"It is to the dealers own 
interests to do this, because a 
farmer having two different breeds 
eventually would have a herd of 
scrub cows instead of a graded, 
economically producing herd. 

"It will take cooperative effort 
on the part of the dairy farmers if 
this objective is to be obtained 
with the dealers, but it is for their 
own interests and is a project which 
must be completed successfully if 
New Jersey's high standing arnong 
dairy states is to be maintained. 

Federal Scientists Cure 
Prussic Acid Poisoning 

An effective cure for prussic acid 
poisoning of livestock has been dis- 
covered by veterinary scientists of 
the United States Department of 
Agriculture. Sodium thiosiilphate 
alone or. better yet. iri combination 
with sodium nitrate, if administer- 
ed in time, will save the lives of 
animals poisoned by eating plants 
which for one reason or another 
have developed prussic acid or 
hydrocyanic acid. Treatment should 
be by a skilled veterinarian, and 
the Bureau of Animal Industry is 
informing the profession as to the 
technic of administration and es- 
sential results of the experimental 

work. , 

Hydrocyanic acid does not de- 
velop in dangerous quantities in 
healthy growing plants but does 
develop in many valuable forage 
plants when normal growth has 
been retarded or stopped by drought, 
frost, bruising, trampling, lilting, 
mowing, or other cause. Many 
plants develop some hydrocyanic 
acid but, under practical conditions, 
only a few are actually dangerous. 
Among the more widely distributed 
of these are the sorghums. Johnson 
grass, flax, arrow grass, Sudan 
grass, wild black cherry, and wild 
chokeberry (not the chokecherry. 
which is a different species). 

Western cattle brought into New 
Jersey for grazing this fall must be 
tuberculin tested and treated to 
prevent any development ot ship- 
ping fever, according to a ruling 
established by the State Board ot 






OfTii iai Organ of the 
Inter-State Milk Producer*' Association. Inc. 

H. E. Jamison, Editor and Business Manager 

iri:-- U-»U K«- r". Hrakam FJitnr 

Home and Community Department 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
Producers Association, Inc. 

Business Offices 

235 E. Gay St.. West Chester. Pa. 

Hint Building, 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelphia oBice) 

Elditorial and Advertising Office 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila., Pa. 

Bell Phones, Locust 5391 Locust 5392 

Keystone Phone. Race 5344 

Printed by Horace F. Temple. Inc. 
Wast Chester. Pa. 


50 cents a year in advance 

Advertising rates on application 

"Enterwl as second-class matter, June 3. 1920. 
at the post office at West Chester. Pennsylvama 
under the Act ol March 3. I879." 

"The distributive system is based 
on highly organized corporate ac- 
tion. The farmer playing a lone 
hand will lose out in the market 
place even though he be sujDcrla- 
tively successful as a producer. — 
Dr. Glenn Frank, President of 
the University of Wisconsin. 


lumber. 1934 


Control Board's Next Job 

Turn to page 1 , read the article 
"Production Going Up." Briefly, 
that article reveals that there was 
1 1 .4 percent more milk, or the 
equivalent of milk in cream and 
condensed milk, shipped to Phila- 
delphia from the Philadelphia Milk 
Shed during August and 19 percent 
more during the week of August 26 
-September I, than during the 
corresponding periods in 1933. It 
shows that there is milk in this 
area and it is doubtful if the ca- 
pacity to produce has even been 

This situation carries a warning 
that production must be controlled 
or we will break our own market. 
We believe one reason for these 
heavy receipts can be found in the 
failure of the Pennsylvania Milk 
Control Board to state the basis of 
fixing basics for 1933. No producer 
can be criticised for not holding 
down production if, by doing so, he 
may p>enalize his future income. 

The method of determining ba- 
sics for 1935 should be the imme- 
diate concern of the milk control 
board. Delay may break our mar- 
ket. We trust their ability to adopt 
a fair and equitable plan. 

One more comment without 

the basic-surplus plan we are con- 
vinced production would run wild 
with heavy feeding and importa- 
tion of cows everyone striving to 
cash in before the other fellow gets 
wise to the chance. 

And finally, the one pleasing 
feature to our own producers is 
that his cream has crowded out 
such a large proportion of the 
western cream, bringing to him 
some of the cash that formerly 
went west. 

Helping the Farmers 

It looks like the same story. 
Everyone wants to help the farmer, 
everyone is in favor of "farm 
relief." A lot of praise greets new 

I ■ I .' .1--: I t~. t-U..*- «..i<r- 

IC^lSICltlUll u^olgllwvA •v.* ..••«*.. ^-.- 

pose and much of this praise comes 
from "big" business men. ''H*lp 
the farmer and you help business" 
is their motto when the ink is still 
wet on the signature to the relief 

But all such legislation has in 
common one vulnerable spot -the 
pocketbooks of those same "big" 
business men. The Federal Farm 
Board suffered such a fate and 
became the victim of organized 
propaganda against it. The real 
charge against that board impresses 
us as being its intention to strength- 
en agricultural co-operatives. The 
Farm Board picked an unfortunate 
time to be born — just before the 
worst depression in the memory of 
living men. So it was blamed for 
falling farm prices and losses on its 
holdings and its original motives 
were scrapped because of political 

Now comes the A. A. A. and 
again efforts to help farmers are 
criticized— by those who may lose 
a little directly but stand to gain 
much more through the general 
business improvement that a strong- 
er agriculture would bring. It often 
appears that the only parts of A. 
A. A. which get support from a 
certain part of the public are those 
divisions which show little or no 
sympathy for agricultural co-op>er- 

Enough of This 

Again PRODUCERS have been asked to k^cp milk at home~a 

^ • i055 lO CnciTI. v^cfiuiii ucMiwfj »«**v». *•»*.,_*— ... — .- -- ., 

imendments to By-Laws 


In Retrospect 

August 31st. just one year since 
the editor of the Milk Producers' 
Review came to Philadelphia to 
start work on this publication. 

The air was blue at that time - 
blue with hot words, with state- 
ments which were aimed at cloud- 
ing the real issues, at assassinating 
reputations of men prominent in 
the milk business. The air con- 
tinued blue for months, but as 
winter came and the situation 
cooled off the blue disapF>eared, the 
atmosphere cleared, the truth once 
more became visible. 

Threats, accusations, half-truths, 
wild promises -all were used to 
becloud the true issues. What has 
become of them? 

You know the answer — nothing. 
There was no graft, there was no 
betrayal as enemies of the Inter- 
State seemed to imply by indirect- 
ion. The rosy promises of those 
same enemies evaporated into thin 
air when exposed to the merciless 
sun of sense and sound business. 

What was the good of it all? 
Just this and only time can tell 
whether it was worth the cost. It 
showed up a lot of would-be farm 
leaders in their true colors and as 
unworthy of our trust. We hojje it 
has rid the Philadelphia milk shed 
of their undesirable influence. 

Other than that the whole affair 
has been an expense to you and 
your association. It has interfered 
with your officers and employees 
in the rendering of service. 

than take a loss of a few cents a hundred pounds. 

Bargaining must now be handled through the control K 
This ties your associations hands and no price can be set on »^ amendments to the by- 
notice which will move your milk- Instead, the control board r*»^ a^J ^^^ Inter-State Milk 
be approached by telephone, by personal visit, more phone calU^ p)!!lucers' Association which 
more visits, all at great expense -only to be greeted by unwteldly. ,^J^r^^^ ^gre proposed to the 

useless delays. , .,, ^ , , nL^A^ni Directors at its regular 

// IS contended that there is too much mtlk- Uovernmental fiff^ra ui ^^ ^j ^nd were 

appear to support this contention (See page I). It is also confrftting o j y^^ ^^^^^ ^^ j^^ 
that milk in excess of fluid and cream needs is handled at « 'wf"?;;^" September 7-8. 
the buyer. In fairness to those distributors we must say th(A 5""* , Section 3 by striking out 
have been handling a larger share of the surplus over fluid ""''»^'^*^„d insert the following: 
almost all other distributors. , ,, ,, oJl nn 3 Each person or persons 

We consider this a rash action. It penalizes all. rcgardka»c^'°'' ^^ . , ^^^ corporation shall 
their level of production. It compels the man who keeps P''o</«^'!'"f ^^are Such person or 

down to his basic, or even to the Class I percentage of his basit* *^ J^ stockholders of the corpora- 
keep milk at home one day a week so that the irregular P''^'^"'-*";^^ , „/ ^aid sum and be 
the man who has added cows to his herd may sell 30 or 40 P^J''^ ^ ^ /„^, ^„j ^ny amendments 
or more above his basic for six days a week- I hose producing a^ y ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ „„/y ,„ ,„. 
their basics perhaps should be penalized for the effect of their »"'2^,^ ^^^, „ corporations, owning 
on the market. . j : : ,l i m cd the time, with minimum amount of 
The blame for such a practice must be carried io^^''^/!/" ". ( 4) of a share and in excess of 
distributors and the control board, the former for the unfair fcf'"'' )J^ , one-tenth ( I) of a share 
of this sudden action and the latter for its procrastinating delai^J' ^^^j 

issuing a new order so that dealers might know future policies t •" ^^j ^^ i^ji.iduals. firms, or 

producers might know future attitudes on prices and production c«^^^^.^„, ^^ ^^^se active production of 

Ik for a period of one year or more may 

-^ " ledeemed at par {or less, if so offered) 

tive effort and feel that your jy^ corporation upon ten days' n<^ice. 
ciation is the one strong orp^j stockholders who are stilt producing 
tion that can help them. <g^ j^ire to withdraw they shall surrender 
Scores of new membenn^ ^^fj^ and contracts, and the paid in 
sending in sales contract* fc^ „/ yaid stock ahall fce deducted from 
many other parts of the milk|,op,7a/ account and added to the surplus 

We welcome you as new ^„t. 
bers of Inter-State and as re^// alockhotders shall sign the uniform 
of the Review. Your coopei^, agency contract of the Association for 
spirit is appreciated Andi f , ale of their milk- 
needed in these troubled tinrThe amendment to this section 
agriculture and all business, fovides against any member tak- 
^ f out more stock in the associa- 
• on than the size of his herd will 
iltify, thus preventing wholesale 

Inter-State Milk "y'"« »° *' *° exercise undue 
lnter-:5tate ivi"K .^ ^^^j^^ j^ ^j^ permits 

Producers AssociatKr. • r j^ ^ 

Amendments Approved 

We are giving you in this issue 
the revisions of the by-laws which 
were approved by your Board of 
Directors at its meeting on Sept- 
ember 7th and 8th, 1934. These 
amendments were proposed at the 
meeting on July 20th and 2l8t. 

The big majority of members, 
we believe, will recognize that the 
board members were sincere in 
their efforts, that they did the best 
possible in the face of conflicting 
demands. Even so, some will be 
disappointed, feeling that the board 
didn't go far enough. Others will 
believe the changes, or some of 
them, were not needed. 

The fair thing to do is to give 
the revisions a fair trial. Let's 
see how they work before criticiz- 
ing them and before declaring 
that the changes will eliminate all 
friction. Further changes may be 
needed soon, will be needed from 
time to time. 

In the meantime, study the 
changes, esjjecially in sections 3 and 
13. It is to the advantage of all 
members to familiarize themselves 
with the provisions which regulate 
membership and the nomination of 
directors. The revised sections of 
the by-laws with impartial com- 
ments on them are given on page 3. 


Milk producers are showing con- 
fidence in your association and in 
its policies. An indication is the 
large number of new members who 
have recently signed membership 

In Chester County alone, 65 
have joined during the last several 
weeks. The herds owned by these 
members total more than 1000 

They are established producers, 
who, though producing milk, had 
not joined previously. It appears 
that they feel the need for coopera- 


Wring of stock owned by members 

, Buiid7n::'rr.'N.'*Br„ are no longer active producers 

PhiUdeiphu. Pa. ^ jj provides for cancelling the 

Kepresentins over 22,000 iJairy K«"^Bck and membership of thosc 
in.heVh,iadeiphi.MiikSh«i ^^ j^^.^^ ^^ withdraw from the 

R H w 1. Of^'^^^s »ociation. It prevents anyone 

B. H. Welty. President "^ , . i i i i L J»»<. 

A. R. Marvel. Vice-President jom bcing a StOCkholdcr WhO dOCS 

I. Ralph Zollers. Eaeeutive Secrsttr? ■ „„„»_„_•■ 

I . M. Twining, Treasurer Ot Sign a SalcS COntraCt. 

i rank P. w.ii.i.. AssUtant Treasui. y^n^g^j Section 4 by Substituting 

Board of Directors ke following'. 

H. I). Allebach. Trappe. Montfomery Ct. . ,, »• . „f »l,«. mtrvrV- 

S. K. Andrews. Hurlock. Dorchester C- Section 4. All meetings of the StOCK 
^°Co "p,^*""'"^'*' Sheridan. R. I. L*,|deni shall be held in the city of Phila- 
I'red W.'Bleiler, New Trifwli, I ehif h C* Jp^i^ Pennsylvania, or at a place to fc« 

Ira J. Book. Straiburj. R. I. I.anratt«rC» _, , . ,i r, J tr\:,.^l„,. 

E. M. Crowl. Oxford R. 4. Chester OiMngncdtd \>y the Board of Directors 
H.^. Cjk. Eikton. R. 2. Md.. N«.c. jj^j^ change permits the holding 
K. H. Donovan. .Smyrna. R. o. Kent Co, 4 stockholders meetings at any 
c hlite^Trc't;.' M.n"chi\"erYo^;^»lace the Board of Directors may 

i.i^er'l-'tnrs!Te:'i;s!i"Bu^t.""<!:.'ft»^^ rather than in Ph.ladel- 

A. R. Marvel. Kaston, Talbot Co.. Md_ihia Only, as heretofore, 
^'co.'^p..'^"'*'"'""' ^"*"'""°*"' Amend Section 5 by cutting out 
LY °D''*^'^''t-?i.";*^T^'rhlwdje last sentence beginning - 

Philip Price. West Chester. R. i. Chasw _ o __ 

Pa. At said annual meeting - - -■ • "« 

John S. Reisler. Nottingham. R. '■ '^'- _„. . i ..i- . .,<.ro^ i-ln*- 

Co.. Md. sontent of this sentence is coverea eise- 

Alberi Sang. Bowers. Berk. Co.. P«^ |,here in the by-laWS. 
jhangle. I renton. K. IJ.. iviere" ^ i r. . • 

F-'redcrick Sr 

M. B. Stewart. 


HuntinfJ* t^ 
M. I.. Stitt. Spruce Hill. Juniata Co. P^ 

ivi. 1.. OKKi, opruce 1 1111. juiiiaiB l'— i 
John Carvel Sulton. Kennedyville, l^*" 

Md. „ , 

S. U. Troutman. Bedford. R. 2. BeJM 

Pa. . I 

R. I. lussey. Hollidaysburg. R. 3. BlsirUl 
Asher B. Waddington. Woodstown. Ssii»1 

N- J- ^ « 

B. H. Welly. Waynesboro. I'ranklin Cft." 
l\ P. Willils. Ward. Delaware Co.. P* 

Executive Committ** 

B. If. Welty. Chairman 
K. H. Donovan Ivo V. Otto 

J. W. Keith Frederick: 

A. R. Marvel R. I. Tu»ia-,| 

Wm. Mendenhall Frank P. w*"! 

iwit til LUC Lfy-inwo. 

Amend Section 13 by substitut- 
ig the following: 
Section 13. (a) The properly and busi- 
es of this corporation shall be managed 
. its Board of Directors. They shall be 
'edftf by the Stockholders at the Annual 
letting of Stockholders of the corporation. 
(b) The territory of the Inter-State Milk 
'roducera Association shall be divided 
Irrfo Iwenty-seoen districts, each represented 

one director as follows: 
, DISTRICT 1 Center Point. I. irncrick, 
•Im. PotUtown, Red I I ill. Trappe and 
-leglerville in Montgomery Co.; Boyer- 
town in Berks Co., Pa. 

DISTRICT 2 Cambridge - Church 
Creek and 1 Jurlock-F ederalsburg in Dor- 
chester Co.. Md. p 

DISTRICT 3 C ampbelUtown. t^st 
I lanover, fontana, I redencksburg-Jones- 
own. Lickdale. Mill Creek Mt. Z.on 
Myerstown. North Annyille-Palmyra and 
SchaefTcrstown-lona in Lebanon Co , ra. 
Dl.STRlCT 4 Heidelberg. Linieport, 
ampton, Steinsville and 1 rexlertown in 
lehigh Co: Ilecktown. Saucon and 
Seipsville in Northampton Co ; Kempton 
in Berks Co., Pa. p , 

DISTRICT 5 Christiana £«»» .1^^'' 
New Holland. Lampeter-West Wdlow, 
Leola. Mount Joy. Para- 
dise, Stevens. Strasburg and Witmer in 

Lancaster Co.. Pa. 

DISTRICT 6 Kirkwood, Middletown, 

Newark-Appleton. Talleyville and Towns- 
end in New Castle Co . Del. 

DISTRICT 7 Last Dover, Fe't""- 
1 larrington. Kenton and Smyrna-Clayton 
in Kent Co.; Dagsboro. Delmar, Nassau 
and .Seaford in Sussex Co., Del 

DISTRICT 8 Barlow. Biglerv lie. 

Bonneauville, Gettysburg, Hampton^ Lit _ 
tlestown-Two Tavern, and New Ox brd 
in Adams Co , Pa.: A'-v. le Dav.d.burg, 
i:mig»v.lle. 1 lanover-Nashv.lle Stewarts- 
town and York-Hellam m York Co. Pa , 
i lamey in Carroll Co . Md. 

DISTRICT 9 Bay View, Ceclton. 
Llkton, Providence and Rising Sun-Bel- 
vedere in Cecil Co., Md. ■ c j 
DISTRICT 10 Centreville and .^d- 
lersv.lle in Queen Anne, Co. : Goldsboro 
and Marydel in Carolme Co . Md^ 

DISTRICT II Cordova and Laston- 
McDaniel in Talbot Co : P'^ston and 
Chestnut Grove in Caroline Co : Princess 
Anne in .S„merset( o : .Snow 11.11 •" ^ 
cester Co ; Queen Anne in Queen Anne, 

Co.. Md. . , „ .„„ 

Dl.STRlCT 12 Anselma, Barneston- 
Brandywine Manor. Byer, I ont. Coven- 
tryville. l^owningtown.Lverson Honey 
Brook-Dampman, Lyndell and K.mber- 
ton in Chester Co., Pa. ■ i ; „ „ 

DISTRICT 13 Barnitr, Boiling 
SpriigsBrandtsville-Dillsburg Carlisle. 

lLs Cross Roads, Long«Iorf, Mechanics^ 
burg. Newville and .Shippensburg in 
CumlM^rland Co : Linglestown and Lykens 
Valley in Dauphin Co: D""".V"°"; 
Ickesburg. Loysville-Blain and in 
Perry Co : Millville in Columbia Co., fa 
DLSTRICT 14 Avon-Grove, Loate,- 
v.lle Pomeroy, Doe Run. Kennett Square- 
Unionville and West Chester m Chester 

^"district 15 Barto, Bethel. Fleet- 
wood, Klinesville. l-y°"» .^^'^''^^I^^^'^Tj 
Shartlesville, Shoemakersville Topton and 
Virginville in Berks Co: in 
Schuvlkill Co . Pa „. 

' DISTRICT 16 Everettstown. 
wood-Baptistown. Mt Pleasant R.ngoes 
riTsergeantsville-Stockton in 1 lunterdon 
C o : 1 brbourton, 1 lopewell, Penn.ngton- 
Iwing and West Windsor m Mercer Co . 
Chesterfield .n Burl.ngton Co.: Cream 
Ridge in Monmouth Co : and Stewarts 
ville in Warren Co , N. J. . 

DISTRICT 17 Alexandria - Juniata 
TowS Calvin Marklesburg-Saxton^ 
McAlveys Fort. McC onnellstown. Shade 
Valley, Shaeffers Creek, Shirleysburg, 
Sp uce Creek and Warriors Mark in 
Huntingdon Co: Allensville m Mifflin 

^e^oysv^lle, S^town. MiUord Sprite 
1 lill Thompsontown. Vandyke and Wal 
nu tin luniata Co : Lew.stown McVey- 
?own. Milroy and Belleville in Mifflin Co.. 

Pa V 

DISTRICT 19 - Chestertown. Ken- 

ne lyCille-Blacks. Mas.sey Millington and 

WoMon in Kent Co : Ridgely in Caroline 

^"district 20 Columbus - Jobstown. 
Mt i lolly. Pem»jerton, Vincentown and 
Wrichtstown in Burl.ngton \<. o, in. j. 

nl STRICT 21 Bedford - Osterburg, 
Ive^ett, Friends Cove and New I nter- 
prise .n Bedford Co . Pa 

DISTRICT 22 Curryv.lle. HoM.days- 
burg Sinking Valley and W.ll.amsburg in 

Blair Co : Cresson in Cambria Co. : Port 
Matilda in Center Co , Pa 

DISTRICT 25 tJursonviiie. Cii«'if""t. 
Doylestown, HagersviUe, Ivyland, New 
I iope-Solebury, Newtown-Bristol Pleas- 
ant Valley. Plumstead-Dubl.n, Quaker- 
?own, Riegelsville and Wycombe-Buck- 
ingham in Bucks Co . Pa. 

DISTRICT 24 Quinton, Salem and 
Woodstown in .Salem Co.: p«^rfield Street 
and Shiloh in Cumberland Co : Camden- 
Gloucester in Camden Co., N.J 

DISTRICT 25 Beaver Creek. Clear 
Spring, 1 lagerstown. Keedysv.lle and Lap- 
pans-Fair Play in Washington Co . 
Md: Middletown in Frederick Co.. Md . 
Chambersburg. Mercersburg Path Valley 
and Waynesboro in Franklin Co. Pa^. 
Fulton County m F"'t°" £0 Pa. . Mar 
tinsburg in Berkeley Co W. Va.: Moore- 
field in I lardy Co.. W. Va. 

DISTRICT 26 Chadds Ford, Con- 
cordville. Media and Village Green in 
Delaware Co , Pa. 

DISTRICT 27 Cochranville, Oxford 
and Kemblesville-Landenberg in Chester 
Co : Quarryville and Southern Lancaster 
in Lancaster Co . Pa. 

The Board of Directors shall designate a 
standing committee on districts which shall 
have continuing supervision of maintaining 
practical parity among the districts subject 
to triennial redistricling. starting at Annual 
Meeting 1935 on the basis of geography, 
membership and production of milk- 

(c) One Director shall be elected from 
each District by the stockholders from 
nominations to be made by the stockholders 
within the respective Districts. 

(d) The President of the Association 
shall appoint annually a Committee on 
Nominations consisting of one stockholder 
from each District in which an election of 
Director is imminent, and the Secretary, 

(e) The Secretary shall publish in the 
September issue of the Inter-State Mii.K 
Producers' Review, a uniform nomina- 
tion form in blank, together with a statement 
of all pending vacancies, to be filled at the 
Annual Meeting. 

(f) A Candidate for the office of Dir- 
ector, or others on his behalf, from a given 
District, shall file with the Secretary on or 
before October 1st nominating papers, 
signed by at least ten stockholders of that 
District, placing him in nomination. 

(g) The Secretary shall mail to each 
stockholder in a given District a ballot 
with all such individuals, so nominated, 
listed alphabetically by their surnames, 
with return postage paid, soliciting a 
preferential stock choice, by return of the 
ballot, signed by the stockholder 

(h) Return ballots shall be opened and 
counted by the Committee on Nominations, 
in session during the last week in October. 
The names of the three candidates receiving 
the three highest preferential voles by shares 
in each District shall be published in the 
November issue of the Interstate Milk 
Producers- Review and certified by tfie 
Committee to the Annual Meeting as 
nominees from their respective Districts. No 
other nominations shall be received. 

(i) Each director shall be elected to serve 
for the term of the class to which elected 

(j) No person shall be a candidate for 
the office of director unless he shall hold at 
the time of such election at least one share 
of stock of the corporation 

The amendments to this section 
specify that all nommat.ons for 
directors shall be made back 
home." Briefly, each director will 

represent certain territory, includ- 
ing all locals in that area. When 
the term of a director is to expire 
at the next annual meeting, 
nating papers for his successor, or 
himself, must be circulated and ten 
signatures obtained. These papers 
must be in the hands of the Secre- 
tary of the association on or before 
October Ist. 

The Secretary will I hen mail to 
each stockholder in the respective 
territoriesa nominating ballot which 
must be returned to the association 
office. The committee on nomina- 
tions will count these ballots during 
the last week in October. 

The candidates receiving the 
three highest votes by shares of 
stock from each district fronri 
which a director is to be elected 
shall be the only nominations car- 
ried on the ballot. These names 
will be placed upon the ballot 
according to the number of votes 
received by each and will be voted 
on at the annual meeting by all 
stockholders who may vote in 
person or by proxy at that meeting. 
The stockholding requirements 
for directors was reduced from 
three shares to one share. 

Summarized, the procedure in 
electing directors follows: 

Petitions must be circulated for 
each candidate and ten signatures 
obtained and sent to the associa- 
tion Secretary by October 1st. 

Ballots will be mailed and each 
stockholder may vote to nominate 
any one of the candidates from hi.s 
district whose name appears on the 

ballot. . . , 

The three names receiving the 
highest number of votes by shares 
in each district will be officially 
nominated for director. 

The election will take place at 
the annual meeting. 

Amend Section 23 as follows: 
Strike out down to "times in 
fourth line and insert the following: 
Section 25. The Board shall elect an- 
nually an Executive Committee of ^even (7) 
directors, one of whom shall be the President 
of the Association. The Executive Com- 
mittee shall organize as soon as feasible 
after their election, appointing a Chairman. 
The President of the Association shall not 
serve as Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee. The Executive Committee may 
meet at stated times, or on notice to all by 
any of their own number. 

The changes in this section re- 
duces the executive committee 
from nine to seven members and it 
provides that the chairman of this 
committee shall be someone other 
than the association President. 

A later motion provided that 
this change would be made effective 
at the time of the reorganization ol 
the Board of Directors following 
the election of Directors at tfie 
next annual meeting. 

Amend Section 30 by substitut- 
ing the following: 

Section 30 He shall ho a member of 
the executive comm.Uee and ex-off.c.o a 
n,eml>er of all other standing --'"'"';^- 
The change to this section pro- 
vided that the association president 
be a member of but not chairman 

(Continued on page 8) 


MILK PRODUCERS REV^,tember. 1934 





liHome and Community 

£tixa1>eth JAcG. Graham, EdltoT- 

he Lunch ^ Box 



Our Schools 

By Arthur Capper 

FIVE years ago we all considered our public school system a seti 
thing. We assumed it was the right of every boy and every 
to BO through the elementary schools and the high school. 

window there is a 
poster with the 
wording ". School 
Supplies" Three 
children are run 
ninR swiftly to gel 
the supplies 

■'l-. ach year 
when the autumn 
comes and schocjls 
reopen after the 
summer vacation, 

J. ;. not only a rush to the stores for 
— to go tnrougn mc ciciiicin.oi.jr ^^..^^.^ ^..- — - - = ••=''^'' u°|'omnanions and the many 

tendency in the country, in the towns and m the was for «duc.^„c,k sch- -m^^^^ ^,,,d . ,, 

to expand, to cover a wider field, and at the same time to become r«ther th-jj^t a parade .s formed m 
thorough. We expected teachers to be better and better prepared Jf^^;^^ „, ,he country It "« ""^ ^^" 
Th.» dream for it seems to have been a dream ^has been shattej'^i; «, r'""d" mar^;.'; "-I Cw.^H 
at least temporarily. Thousands of schools have been closed. >«- ^and-nd -^^^^^^^^ 
thousands are running for one-half to two-th.rds the usual ""'^b2'f°7,f'^P:,U,,„eous group of happy 
months. The salaries of well-educated. «P«"f."«^«i^<=*^^"* ^"^' ch.ldren s<.me o whorn con^ 

reduced enormously, while the salaries of pubhc office-holders. 7<ntly break rank .. k>ok at a n^^^^^^^ 
them untrained, have been cut little or none at all. Many «-booU ^baU .m.ute a l,.rd ^aM ^ ,„^pa/.on 
adopted the policy of employing teachers with little education «" r"*^;*,";";;. earned by each g.rl and W 
experience because they can be got for next to nothing. n some ^ , ,,„eh box • .^^^ 

thrsalaries of teachers have remained unpaid for months at a t,: -who .s f''f »> f J"' ,H,ld ^^r^schm^l 
and the teachers have been insulted by cheap politicians when "•"«"-;;;' PYomJtTo^ every ch.ld .s 

asked for their money. ... , ^StqlTately prepared for .t (unless there 

These things have been the natural ugly accompaniments ff^;^bee„ « health exammation an.l care 
period of economic depression. Even under such circumstances comt ,^^n when needed to teeth, eye*, etc j 
Tonesty would have prevented some of the difficulties: not all. howr • W^ -d g.Hs are the champ 
As prosperity returns, we might normally look for education to ?"°",'"T,,„^^^ho have eaten a wholesome 
towards its former stature in the national life. But there is. as yoi j^^^^y^.t ^nd have stored up energy to 
know, a well-organized campaign to prevent the schools ^'"O'" ' fcstunt.l .he lunch box^e^^ar^^^^^^ 
again attaining their former importance ^ i hose w . . ... 

livings In the case of food, h.s po.n 

ccomes peculiarly significant. l>ecause .f 
we xpect results a full return on money 
rnvested m education some provision 
"us l?e made whereby the energy-fuel 
nlcessarv to mental activity are insured. 
Wh-a a chiUl puts into schcK. w«rk- •" "" 
small measure comes frorn what he eats^ 

•• is not mean, that the school should 
necessarily furnish free food 1 be cost "f 
" iunchc-on or mid m< milk and 
crackers at school is. of course, a proper 
charge u,x,n parents. It is meant that the 
::.Cl is obligate.!. V-iruMyJ^^^er'. 
children cannot return home at noon, to 
provide a suitable lunche..n r«.m. to 
u msh essential foods at cost, and to take 
advantage of this ideal educative oppor- 

'" An'' attractively packed lunch depends 
„n readiness a drawer or section of the 
cCpl.,ard exclusively for the -juipmen 
„el^e,l in packing the lunch. Can you 
name them> .Sciss.,rs. paper "•«• ^ "«; 
parchn,ent paiu-r. waxe<J P'«r>er. t<.<.t 

,.cks. small glass jars, sma I P-«;'--' 
containers, string, bread knife, e^'^e knife 
spatulata. paper plates, paper spoons. 

paper forks, paper cups and straws 

Tmk ().... Ca.m.. Schoo,, 11... sk a. Vam.kv Immu^ 

Milk For All 

Germantown Academy — Founded 1759 

The School Outfit 

"What would you consider a 
complete outfit for a little girl go- 
ing to school?" asks a careful 
mother. One of the large depart- 
ment stores here gives the following 
list for the little student: One 
jersey dress, four wash dresses, one 
cardigan sweater, one coat, one 
raincoat, two pairs shoes, one pair 
rubbers, two pairs jersey bloomers, 
four union suits, six pairs stockings, 
two pairs gloves. That seems to us 
a very sensible list. It will be no- 
ticed that there are no slips or 
petticoats; the wash dresses would 
have bloomers to match, and the 
jersey bloomers are for cold weath- 
er. The union suits are laundered 
with the minimum of work. This 
is an improvement over the days of 
starched muslins and stiff "Ham- 
burg edging." -Quoted. 

Annual Meeting, Nov. 20-21 

A Parent's Orchestra 

There is a Parents' Orchestra in 
the Country Day School at Short 
Hills, New Jersey! "1 come be- 
cause my wife makes me. but 1 
can't read a note of music and 1 
can't carry a tune", said one parent 
at first, who became the string-bass 
player. The instruments of the 
children were borrowed for the 
eight first members of the orchestra 
and the teacher of the department 
of music in the school was the in- 
structor and leader. For the most 
part the only instruction they had 
was that given in the parents' or- 
chestra class or what they could 
get out for themselves or get for 
their children. The orchestra now 
numbers thirty members, and it has 
started several small family or- 
chestras where every member plays 
some instrument. Some of the 
families get a great deal of pleasure 
in meeting together for music on 

Various motives are back of this cam- 
paign. A few people sincerely, though 
f<x>iishly, believe that advanced education 
is useless; that Abraham Lincoln, for 
instance, would never have been great if 
he had attended a good school. Then, 
there is a large group who. usefully 
enough, want to reduce public expenses 
and who think that the schools can be 
reduced with less protest than would 
occur if the building of highways were 
curtailed, for example. . . 

I trust that the people of the United 
States are not going to stand for such a 
program, no matter how much support i% 
had from certain classes. I believe that 
every child, regardless of where he lives 
or who his parents are or how much c)r 
how little money his parents have, is 
entitled to an education that will not only 
(it him for practical Ijfe as an individual 
but will also give him resources for enjoy- 
ing life and aid him in deciding intelligent- 
ly about the problems of his community, 
state, and nation. 

I am concerned for the interests of all 
children: they are our hope for the future. 
But I am especially anxious about the 
welfare of boys and girls who belong to 
farm families, for they have already 
suffered more thsn other children from the 
curtailment of school facilities. Nearly all 
the closed schools today are in rural 
districts. Even in prosperous times most 
rural schools had inferior equipment arid 
gave inferior instruction to that found in 
city schools. Part of this, we may as well 
admit, was the fault of farmers them- 
selves. They objected to consolidation of 
schools. Consolidated schools have some 
disadvantages but. all things considered, 
they give far better training than do one- 
room schools. 

The major reason for the difTiculties of 
rural schools at all times, however, is 
outside the control of people in the school 
districts. That reason is a bad system of 
taxation, or rather, tax apportionment. 
•School taxes usually are levied by school 
districts, and a district gets for its school 
only the taxes paid in that district. This 
means that a district through which three 
miles of mainline railroad run can main- 
tain the best of school plants from the tax 
it gets from the railroad, while the ad- 
joining district, with no railroad in it, is 
hard pressed to maintain a school at all. 
A school district covering rich bottom 
land can collect five times the taxes paid 
in a neighboring district composed of hill 

vhen they have m;.rched home 
'4 ' Those who get a long night's sleep 

_. , , ., luliv packed with a balanced lunch 

The only way to remedy this w* ^' *j^^^ ^,^^ ^^ ^^t „ g<KxI evening 

situation is to levy school taxes ov, ^^^^ 

wide area even an entire state ■ 

then apportion them to the varioui '8^ 

tricts according to need. A beginnirij 

been made in this direction in » p^eakfast on a School Day 

'' Th^ rural school, regardless of i... Children should l^ up in time to eal 
should give adequate attention .o without haste. >V* '^'''" nV ...r.'side 
tinctively rural problems. In pracUo bus. or a school friend is caUmg ""•"'^e- 
all country communities, an overwhela the food eaten ccnnot, do its iHrst. 
majority of the boys and girls will en, menu should contain something to give 
in farming or in activities closely rd. energy, to build and to rcgylate It can 
to farming for example, business u. be simple so that mother will not have « 
smaller towns or teaching in the cow many tasks, and planned so that the 
or in towns whose interests are agricuk can help very often, 
al Agriculture and home econot ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ g^^^^, child 

should have a place in the progran 
every rural school, and they should b" 
presented as to have practical usefulno 
the young people who study them. At 
same time, they should not be "» 
narrowly vocational. Something of 
history of the farm and the home 

Whether the luncheon is served at h<>nie 
or school; whether it must lie a packer 
box or one hot dish; or a well organized 
cafeteria, it ought to lie carefully plannid 
"No growing child will thrive properly 

...oi^.j^ ^. »..^ •■ — — J , 1 . "" two meals a day anfl a paper bug 

something of their background of hut lun^hjon j^Uy 

■ L-..1J u- _:.. V>.h, ..j^^ ^j^.,j,^ ^^^, ^ii„,^ent. his need if 

develoii normal 

and romance, should be given to theb' 
and girls. More important, agricuk 
should not be presented merely as a*^ 
of problems in increasing producn 
Distribution, control of production, n 
community life, social, economic. ' 
political aspects of agriculture, shouW 
discussed by the pupils just as early 

Furthermore. I believe that the n 
schools and, for that matter, all »chf 

should lay more stress on charx 
building. It is true that charac.W 
formed in the first place in the home. ^ 
we all know that many homes are > 
doing their part in this direction ^ 

This brings me to another point 
rural school of the future must coope" 
more with the parents; it must maW 
self, even more than it is now, an inttf 
part of the rural community in which ' 

The rural school of the future tooim 
serve as an agency of enlightenment* 
the problems of the rural community.' 
alone those of child training. Every P^ 
gressive city school system now nw 
extension classes and night schooU 
may look for the same sort of thini 
develop in the country -with empj' 
however, on the problems with *^^!J « 
agricultural industry and rural lij« 
grappling. The rural school, with ail'' 
it has accomplished, has not been a W 

It must be* 

you would have him develop normal in 
mind and body, is three full meals In 
many instances an additional luncheon is 
needed, but this should Ije served early in 
the morning not later than ten o'clock. 

When possible the bowl of hot soup or 
glass of milk insure more of the cold foo^l 
being eaten and also ea.en more slowly, 
and the digestive processes are more 
thoroughly stimulated by the wurm (<««1 

In planning menus for the school hinc h. 
again one thinks of the following (actors: 
the growth needs of the child; the (immIs 
that are most nutritious; the apiRjl to 
the appetite of the children; and economy. 
Also those that can be readily and easily 
prepared and which require little c<iuip 

Milk comes first among the foods 
most valuable for school lunches. It 
contains more of the essential food cle 

Mary ha<l a little calf. 

It has now grown to be a cow. 

I urnishes milk for the family. 

The dog and pussy me ow 

S<)<.ky lives on Sunshine I ee<l. 

Some nice new mown hay; 

The children get real healthy loot!. 

On- fiuart of milk a day ,, 

( )f course the family cant drink all the milk 

That just one cow can give. 

So you must get out the egg N.x. 

.Salt, sugar and flour sieve 

Kice pudding is a wonderful dish. 

Made with rice, milk and raisins. 

( <ioked in the oven two hours 

The flavor is most amazin 

Ice cream when mixed with and cream. 

Makes dessert for the family group. 

Because you get the home made 

Most of all the rest is ice cream soup 

When milk goes sour make cottage cheese. 

One of the very l>est focnls to eat. 

Use it all the year around. 

Stop eating so much meat 

I ive eggs, one quart of milk, add some 
sugar and flavor. 

CcK)k this nice "fgg rustard 
You will find it the best dish ever 
.Soak a junket tablet in a little water. 
Add a ..uart of milk (if there is any 

around) . , . r i • i j:.i. 

You will have a real old fashlone<I dish. 

Slin and go down. . , 

Gehitin, eggs and sugar with milk makes 

"Spanish Cream 
l-atcn for dessert after supper 
^■„u will sleep without a drearn^ 

Milk' Milk! Milk! 

Anna C. 

The Common Interest 

E* L. Moffitt 

Pennsylvania Extension Service . , • . 

r^HiL FARM as a place o^ ;[^^:<^:^' ::T^ :::zt:^ ^ 

I together that they cannot be ^P^'^f '/ management is the 

* reason for separating them. ' ° ^^^/tt "^n'^bring the greatest 

••art" of operating the farm Justness so tha . w'J^ « ^^^ ,„ j„ 

return for the labor energy "-^/"i J^i^.^^^f tyi^" them 
with all phases of the b"«\"^«? J -^''J^J.'^flie , in^he use of labor and 
ntting them X:':;rTs^f Ts^r "ot^J-e'organ.zat.on of the farm 
capital. " °[*^*^' "^"i .^.'i '„ niarkcting and business principles. | 
ir, all its details P-^^^^ ' "ircomp etc organization of the home. ^ It 
Home management IS t*^*= ,*^"^P;^^i,°'^.L„ spending of the income 
is concerned with the raising o the ^^"^' ^^^'^"^ J^ " ^^^nse. the health 
so as to get the greatest possible «ood J^r°m such c^pc ^^^ ^^^^^^^.^^ 

of all members °J^.;; ^^j^^j^.i^^ ^:?',,rSbers. It also has to do 
education, and general well '>*-.'"» , ■ comfort of the members, 

with the surroundings, the furnshmgs^and the cr^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ 

In brief, it manages or ^^'7^^«Ji^^"^^7°'^%' fi ZhWm the home. 
'^-IC'tll'S tfinu^rj'mlgrng^l home can be done de- 
pends rrgdy on the success of the farm as a business 

•^ittoo oftc' there seems to be a dis- other had given up h.s .ob lo come back 


in agricultural thought, 
in'the future. From 

■Rural Ameti* 

ments than does any one other food. It 
can be served in many forms, it is palat- 
able and appetizing, inexpensive and 
economical. Milk, fruit and vegCublcs 
furnish the basis of any correctly plannefl 

The School Responsibility 

'Today it is believed tiiat the schoul 
lunch is a part of every sch<H>rs '1 le dtli 
program ■ I lence when a child is com|>rlk-d 
to go to school, does not society oMig >te 
itself toprovidetheessentialsforheal.bfiil- 

Your Shopping Service 


1 Perhaps if you have electricity you 
1 have a toaster among your elect rica 
appliances, but if electricity is still out o 
reach. I'll wager you'd like to have oi^c of 
Ke go<Kl ..Id fashione.1 ones that toasts as 
many as lour slices of bread at time 
nght on your kitchen stove. N" nee. of 
worrvin/ about y"-r ,^<^^^r.c \M. ^u:n^ 
you use this toaster I went y five cents is 
its price. 

par too oiiiii »•■•-•- — _ -- , 

linct line of demarcati..n In^tween the two 
pTrts of the farm, insofar as those in one 
part knowing what is going on in t be other 
part. This condition is fre., found 
in going over farm records. 

4veral years ago we summan/.e.l a 
(am record and it was slu.wn that a very 
;^ income ha.l l>een made. I >- f— - 
wanted to know where it was since he 
was m.,re in .U-b. than be bad been the 
vear before. We suggested that poss biy 
the fault lay in s,>en.ling the mcme ratfier 
ban in making it. and that he shoul. also 
keep a record ..f what was done with the 
Sme. which mean, keeping a h.jme 
accouni. At the end of the next vear whe^ 
the Ijooks were summarized he sa.d that 
hey found they were spen.ling far 
rn.,ney .n the home than they were making 
on the farm and that a complete reorgani^ 
ztttion of the home exrn^nses was iKiing 

"Another very definitely d-t""-"'^' ^/f 
(luence of this rather meth.Kl ..I 
domg th.ngs .s well illustrated by what a 
Varm woman t.,1.1 me a couple of vears ag.v 
I had given a talk ..n b.rm ar 
counts After the meeting a ..d 
me that she was .n.ereste<l in a record . n 
he,r farm, but after trying for ^ years to 
Kct her husband to keep the recor.l und 
^a.ling, she was alx.ut ready t.. give up 
She s^id that her husban. could no .see 
ViK use in the record and tluit it was har.l 
o keep. 1 Ic was discouraged becaus.- one 
a( his boys had a job in the ci y and 
ano her was t<. do the sarne thing n 
the pnng I suggeste.l that they try t,. 
kc^p .t ,ust f..llowin« the ev.nmg ...ea 
Sn all members of the famdv were s 
Tt the table At this t..,.<;, ... i 
interfere with its being k.-pt and ...her 
m^„U-rs of .be family become 
mie ested The winter she came 
o :n^.ther meeting m ber county anj r.-- 
.K.rted that for the first a larm ac 
Tount ilk ha.l l..-en kept f- the en -re 
year. It had brought aU.ut a In-tter 
- |„.r family than she ha.l 

to the farm , . , 

Many t.mes I have noticed, in the years 
I have spent in extension work, that 
there is a tendency to separate the men 
and women m their "J«t«ngs. It seemed 
as though things might be """d that the 
other sex "would not be 'nterested in or 
,hat .hey should not hear. Why »bouldn t 
they be interested or glad to hear dis- 
cusse<l the pr..blems of farrn or borne? 

There are numerous problems that are 
of vital imp..rtance to Uth »rm and 
Lome There is no reason ^^^V /be home- 
maker should no. know about the best 
varieties of cro,,s. the care and manage- 
ment of all kinds of livestock, poultry 
gardens, and orchards, the principles ot 
management and cost accounts, or the 
aving of tile drains. , 

Likewise, there is no reason why the 
(arm manager should not b«= 'nterest^I m 
beautifying the home grounds, the How" 
and vegetable gardens, the ^""""R'"^,;"' 
of ro.,ms. the use of c.lor in the home, 
either in house furnishings or '^ J^"^- 
nutri.i..n for the family, child health 
economics in the purchasing or making ot 

clothing, light. nR..r ««^'|«\'^'»P^'/'d the 
The interests of the horne and the 
farm business are the sarne S.nce they 
!.;e. I can sec no reason why the program 
,n home management and farm mt^^^f^ 
ment ,lo not boar a close relat.onsh.p to other and to farm life as » whole It 
Ts not at all necessary that they carry 
he same projects bu, rather «bat -ch in 
its .,wn way will .^mphas.ze the th.ngs 
,ha. w.ll accomr.lish the "^""^ »^^^"f j,,^ 
Letter, a ...ore complete and «" ^"'^^J.^^ 
l,(c ,n the business and home on the tarm. 

I or bright clear jelly, cook the fruit 
juice rapidly. 

.Stan. ling 

thought ,x>ssible One b..y ha.i '^'v- "■ 

In thought of going to the city, an.l th 

''Women's Own Program 


I Save the Date 


J».pt.mb«r. 1934 




Busy Directors' Meeting 

EVERY MEMBER responoeu wiicu 
the secretary called the roll at 
the Board of Directors meeting of 
your association at I P. M. on 
September 7th. The meeting 
continued through September 8th. 
A report on Field & Test De- 
partment work was given by Mr. 
Twining following the disposing of 
routine business. Work in this 
department is continuing heavy 
with increased demands for checks 
on tests. This situation confronts 
state inspectors also, it was report- 

It The remainder of the afternoon 
session was taken up with the dis- 
cussion and approval of amend- 
ments to the association by-laws. 
The results of this work are given 
in detail on page 5 of this issue. 
The board approved a motion that 
the 1934 annual meeting, scheduled 
for November 20-21, be held in 
accordance with the revised by- 

The first order of business at the 
Saturday session was the report of 
market conditions by H. D. Alle- 
bach. sales manager. He called 
attention to the increased produc- 
tion in the territory and felt that 
this was due to good pastures and 
plentiful feed plus the uncertainty 
of not knowing when or how 1935 
basics would be determined. This 
is causing many producers to keep 
production up to their individual 
capacities. Another trouble in the 
market is slow pay to producers by 
some of the small distributors. 
Considerable discussion followed as 
to the reason for this, whether 
actual inability to pay, slow pay, 
insincerity, or other reasons. It 
was felt that different reasons ap- 
plied to different dealers who are 
back in pay. Lack of other mar- 
kets prevents the farmers from 
changing to other dealers. 

The order issued by several 
dealers requesting their patrons to 
keep one day's milk in seven at 
home was the cause of a lot of dis- 
cussion. This action was con- 
demned as especially severe on 
those producers who had kept pro- 
duction down to their basics or 
below and as working an injustice 
on all producers affected. 

Other irregularities brought to 
the attention of the directors were 
excessive deductions by a few 
dealers and rejections of milk on 
slight or imaginary pretexts in a 
few instances. An increase in retail 
sales since Labor Day is reported. 
The status of the control board 
orders was discussed freely and it 
was stated that legal difficulties 
have caused the delay in issuing a 
new order, that a new order can be 
expected shortly after the 1 5th 
when the present hearings will be 

A committee was instructed to 
appear before the control board at 
Harrisburg at 2:00 P. M., Septem- 
ber 14, to present the demands of 
this association. 

Following a report of Dairy 
Council activities by C. I. Cohee 
considerable discussion occurred on 
inspection work and the fact that 
the patrons of two dairies now have 
no word whatever on the inspection 

-c ^u~\r n-ciTiises sin'''* *'h'* work is 

being done by the dairy companies 
buying their milk, A motion was 
approved that the association in- 
sist that the Pennsylvania Milk 
Control Board and the Pennsylva- 
nia Board of Health recognize the 
inspection work of the quality 
Control Department of the Dairy 
Council where desired by producers 
and distributors. 

Delegates to the annual meeting 
will be allowed traveling expenses 
to and from Philadelphia and one 
night's lodging according to a 
motion duly approved which limit- 
ed each Local to one delegate. 

Another motion specified that 
delegates expjenses will be allowed 
only if elected at a Local meeting 
called through the association office. 
This motion appears on page 8. 

Preliminary plans for the annual 
meeting occupied a prominent place 
in the afternoon's discussion, final 
details to be worked out by the 
proper committees. 

Plans for November 20-21 

A. R. Marvel, chairman of the 
annual meeting committee, is ra- 
pidly developing plans for the 
annual meeting. His committee 
and several sub-committees met 
Friday morning, September 7, pre- 
vious to the meeting of the Board 
and laid the foundation for an 
excellent program. 

It is too early at this time to 
give definite details as they are not 
sufficiently set. Every effort is 
being expended to get capable and 
authoritative speakers who will 
make the meeting worthwhile to 
everyone. The business program 
will be filled with concise and brief 
reports of your associations acti- 

A moderate amount of entertain- 
ment will be furnished to give re- 
laxation between sessions, also at 
the banquet which will be given on 
the evening of the first day of the 

Additional facts about the meet- 
ing and program will be given in 
the October issue of the Review 
and a complete program will ap- 
pear in the November issue. 

Control Board Wins Suit 

Milk control by state agencies 
was given a judicial OK in New 
lersev on August 30 when Vice 
Chancellor M. L. Berry upheld 
certain price fixing regulations of 
the New Jersey Milk Control 
Board. The decision stated that 
these regulations did not violate the 
"due process of law" and "equal 
protection" clauses of the Consti- 

Cheering as that decision is, it 
refers to business done within the 
state but apparently does not pro- 
tect the producers of New Jersey 

from the cheap milk that may be 
purchased in another state. Neither 
does it compel that producers in 
another state selling to New Jersey 
dealers be paid the prices demanded 
by the Control Board. 

The decision was rendered in a 
suit brought by the Attorney 
General against the Newark Milk 

One hundred thousand farmers 
have joined cooperatively managed 
production credit associations in 
the past few months. 

A farmer visiting his son at the 
university took the boy down town 
to have his photograph taken. The 
photographer suggested that his 
son stand with his hand on his 
father's shoulder. 

"It would be more appropriate," 
remarked the father, "if he stood 
with his hand in my pocket." 

Uncle Ab says the best and worst 
creatures in the world are the so- 
called human beings. 

Professor: "Name the five most 
common bugs." 

Student: "June, tumble, lady, 
bed and hum." 

Diner: "There's nothing nnore 
exasperating than to find a hair in 
one's soup 



Report of the Field and 
Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

The following statistics show the 
oiMsrations of ail the Inter-State Milk 
Producers' Association fieldmen in 
connection with testing, weighing and 
general membership work for the 
month of July, 1934: 


Butterfat Tests Made 8877 

Plants Investigated 41 

Calls on Members 339 

Quality Improvement Calls 40 

1 lerd Samples Tested 566 

Membership Solicitation Calls 72 

New Members Signed 21 

Cows Signed 1 72 

Transfers of Membership 5 

Microscopic Tests 488 

Brom Thymol Tests 80 

Meetings Attended 8 

Attendance at Meetings 388 












July. 1934 
Autuat. 1933 

92-Scar* -Solid Pack 

Phila. New York Ckicin 

2bVi «'/j « 

27 26 25% 

26>/i 2ii/, 

27 26 

27 26 

27 26% 
271A 26"/, 
271/5 261/, 
27'A 26 

28 26>/, 
28 26>/, 
28'/, 2i% 
28% 26% 
281/4 26V4 
28 V4 26 V, 
281/4 27% 
28 2; 
28 27 
271/2 27 
2tA 27 
27 27 
27'/, 26'/, 
27'/i 261/) 
271/, 26'/, 
27% 26'/, 
27 38 26. W 
24 49 23.6) 
21.27 20.59 

Members Must Be Kept Informed 

























28. 38 

25 49 

22 25 

pr. Theodore Macklin 

^Reprinted from Nulaid Neu;s) 

These impressions may in one 
case reflect the truth, in 

Apologetic Waiter: "But would- 
n't it be worse, sir. to have the 
soup in one's hair?" 

Definition of gambling: Any 
method of risking your dough on a 
long chance. See farming. 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

The following is a report of the work 
done by the Quality Control Depart- 
ment of the Dairy Council for the 
month of July. 1934: 

No. Inspections Made 2107 

Special I'arm Visits 240 

No. Meetings Attended 2 

Attendance at Meetings 81 

No. Sediment Tests M27 

Bacteria Tests Made 4674 

Special Tests Made 100 

Days .Special Work 38'/2 

No Miles Traveled 31.281 

During the month 112 dairies were 
di.scontinued from selling for failure to 
comply with the regulations -70 dairies 
were re instated before the month was 

To date 291,726 farm mspections 
have been made. 

By-Laws Amended 

(ContiDued irom page 5) 

of the executive committee and 
simplified the content of the ir 

Amend Section 36. referring! 
filling of vacancies on the boar 
by the board itself, by striking oc 
last phrase and insert the followint 
. who shall hold office until Ihe it 
regular meetirtg of the Atsociaiion. 

This States that directors electr 
by the Board to fill vacancies 
the Board shall serve only until tk 
next annual meeting instead of f» 
the remainder of the term i 

Amend Section 40 by strikiit 
out the word "thirty" and insert 
ing "twenty": 

Section 40. The board of directof 
may cloae the transfer books in tlw 
discretion for a period not exceedie 
twenty days preceding any meeting. 

Amend Section 43 by strikiai 
out section and substituting tk 

Section 43. Any stockholder or ttoi 
holders shall have the privilege of examinh 
accounts and books of the corporation in (i< 
office of the corporation and under ll> 
direction of the Secretary of the corpordiv 

The revision of this section isi 
matter of simplification. 

.# !.;.•« it director of the Bureau of 

W alone believe that they can 
"▼ gain improvement by work- 
ing together, cooperation becomes 
^Ible. The mere possibility of 
r^rating does "o;.^*^--- 
guarantee success m the worit 
rSne. There are essential con- 
dttions that favor success and oth- 
e« that prevent it. It is important 
ha the^ ear-marks of successful 
cooperation be recognized and 

Fixing Rcaponsibility 

Amend Section 49 by striki« 
out paragraph and substituting tin 

Section 49. The stockholders by • 
affirmative vote of two-thirds of the M 
voted at any regular or special meeting n# 
alter or amend these by-laws, profit 
notice thereof shall be contained in the cA 
of the meeting. An amendment proposed'' 
writing and signed by any five members » 
by affirmative vole of any one Local, certifit 
by the Secretary, shall be submitted for adiv 
at any subsequent regular or special meeliiH 
subject to like notice in the call. 

Instead of requiring the voteofa 
majority of outstanding stock * 
the association in order to amenc 
the by-laws as formerly this car 
now be accomplished by a twfr 
thirds vote of the stock voted »' 
any annual or special meeting P^\ 
vided the proposed amendment's* 
included in the call of '"< 
meeting. It also clarifies how an) 
group of stockholders may prop* 
by-law amendments and have theU 
included in the call. 

Working together by a number 
of individuals requires that each 
know his place and part m the plan 
of duties and performances In 
other words, responsibility has to 
be fixed -without it only chaos can 

result. • J -J i„ ;« 

If a group of individuals is 

successfully to market products 
and purchase supplies, by means ot 
a business of their own. the group 
must be an organized group. Dis- 
organized work could never become 
efficient and successful. . 

No matter how efficient a busi- 
ness may be it cannot collect from 
the consuming public what that 
public does not have. The public 
must have earned adequate pur- 
chasing power before it can spend 
it. The most perfect or efficient 
cooperative business, just as with 
any other business, can collect good 
prices only when the public can pay 
them. This condition is at the bed- 
rock of all foundations of good 
Cooperation -working together 
for business results depends to a 
large extent upon a combination of 
sufficient volume of business, com- 
petent management, and adequate 
consumer purchasing power. What 
part has the membership of a 
cooperative to play in guaranteeing 
these essential conditions of suc- 
cessful business? 

That reason can be found in the 
minds of members. I they indicate 
that low prices are the reason and 
the cooperative in other particulars 
is efficient, members are simply 
reflecting the impact of unemploy- 
ment and low consumer purchasing 

power. , . ^ 

If however, the complaints are 
centered upon a belief that operat- 
ing costs are excessive in their 
cooperative and upon other similar 
criticisms, members can do some- 
thing to help. Their organizaUon is 
cither efficient or inefficierxt. If tt 
h efficient their remarks are the 
result of propaganda problably stim- 
ulated by competitors. If this be 
true it is vital that members he 
able to see through the propaganda. 
Seeing through it depends upon 
their being properly informed Be- 
ing so informed is one of the 
essentials to success which mem- 
bers owe themselves. They may 
have overlooked this. If so. the 
price they pay for this negligence 
is a needless turnover in member- 

\i their cooperative is inefficient 
the reasons must reside largely m 
the small volume they deliver or in 
the inability of the managcnient 
they have employed. Both of these 
errors are frequently to be found 
as the causes of cooperative weak- 
nesses. Members can correct these 
faults by becoming accurately in- 
formed. Lacking information ot a 
nature that makes it possible lor 
members to fully understand their 
responsibilities and opportunities 
is a major cause of trouble in coop- 
eratives everywhere. 

Neither volume nor management 
can be expected from a member- 
ship devoid of understanding and 
of leadership. 

case rciicv,i m^- "" , 

they may prevent a member Irom 
believing the truth about the con- 
ditions affecting business and about 
the operations of his cooperative. 
A producer is misinformed who 
gains an untruthful impression 
about business and about his or- 
ganization and its operations. 

It is important to know whether 
the impressions being made upon 
cooperative members reflect the truth 
or not iVho arc making these 
impressions? Are they ^^'^f/"'- 
denlally made, just happening? Are 
theu being intentionally made by 
corl^petiiors? h the cooperative 
making impressions calculated deji- 
Ztely to reflect all that members 

need to know? , . 

A member cannot be well in- 
formed whose cooperative has neg- 
lected to make impressions upon 
him that reflect the true situation 
as he needs to know it. Upon such 
information all must rely in order 
to act wisely about their own 
volume and about the leadership 
all have chosen. 

ing. which they do not indulge in. a 
„„;;«..« mistake is made. Only the 
"reading part of their membership 
continues to be well informed. 1 he 
larger part of the members drift 
either into misunderstanding or 
into a very limited knowledge ot 
what is going on. In this condition 
they are ideal subjects for propaganda 
and competitive strategy. 

Success Conditioned by 


The members of a cooperative 
acting together directly determine 
volume of business. Through the 
directors they elect they determine 
management. Through these dir- 
ectors they make the policies that 
guide management. The efficiency 
and success of a coojjerative busi- 
ness organization reflects the kind 
of membership it has. Their actions 
are based upon their knowledge and 
beliefs about their cooperative and 
its operations. 

If an efficient cooperative is 
losing members seriously or is not 
receiving full delivery of products 
from them there must be a reason. 

Understanding and 

But who are leaders? They arc 
simply courageous members chosen 
for the special responsibility and 
duty of leading. Their courage is 
measured by their understanding. 
Their value as leaders is determined 
by what they know of the purposes 
of their organization, the means by 
which to attain these objectives, 
and the progress of operations to 
this end. In the last analysis, 
therefore, all cooperative success 
grows from the common foundation 
of an adequately informed mem- 
bership. . . 

Just why does a producer join a 
cooperative? Having become a 
member why does he continue as 
one> Answer to the first question is 
that he has been convinced lor the 
moment it was the thmg to do. 
Answer to the second is that an 
individual acts upon the net favor- 
able or unfavorable result ot a 
whole series of impressions made 
upon him about his organization. 

Causing Impressions to] 
Convey Truth 

How many of the cooperatives 
beset by difficulty from member- 
ship have undertaken to have their 
entire membership well informed? 
It is vital to good cooperative 
business that members maintain 
confidence through being kept fully 

informed. t „.. 

A membership with a fine business 
but laboring under wrong impres- 
sions about it. cannot and does not 
remain loyal. The result is disinte- 
gration, not because the business 
was bad. but because members did 
not think it was worth supporting. 
A membership whose business is 
poor, can, by being well informed, 
lake steps intelligently to improve 
it In taking these steps they start 
positive action worth supportmg. 
This leads somewhere. It promises 
progress toward the goal of mem- 
bership interests. The resul is 
constructive planmng and action 
followed by deserved growth. 

It is all imjiortant therefore that 

every member of a cooperative 

organization be kept well informed. 

This requires purpose and system. 

System of Maintaining 
Well-informed Membership 

People arc generally so constitu- 
ted that some will read and learn 
while others will not. lor those 
who will not read, persona contact 
and persuasion is the only direct 
means of causing them to be in- 
formed accurately. The number o 
cooperative members who avoid 

reading is large. r n , ,l„. 

When cooperatives fol ow the 
usual policy of getting Producers to 
ioin through the influence of pcr- 
iZJ persuasion and later expec 
these members to maintain their 
understanding and loyalty by read- 


Out of cooperative experience it 
has been learned that self-appoint- 
ed spokesmen commonly appear. 
They take upon themselves the 
task of informing members. With- 
out adequate facts they g've onlV 
partial truths along with much that 
is positive misinformation. ihe 
continued operation of these un- 
official informers is the direct out- 
come of the existence of a large 
number of non-reading members, 
coupled with the absence of reli- 
ably chosen and well prepared 
official spokesmen. // cooperatives 
do not provide capable informers to 
keep their members well informed hy 
personal contact at frequent intervals, 
the irresponsible self-appointed in- 
formers will be on the job instead. 
Their poorly executed good inten- 
tions are the undoing of great 
numbers of members to the weak- 
ening of the cooperative. tJut it is 
not their fault. It is the conse- 
quence of a general need of mem- 
bership neglected by the members 
as a body and by their directors and 
management. ,,. 

There are many levels of intelli- 
gence, experience, understanding 
and operating ability within the 
ranks of each cooi>erative. Ihe 
facts about the cooperative, pre- 
pared and presented so they easily 
register with one class of intelli- 
gence, are not grasped by those in 
the other classes among the mem- 
bership. ,, 

Another matter generally over- 
looked by cooperatives is the fre- 
quency for informing members 
accurately in written and spoken 
form. How long do producers 
remember? If they arc no more loyal 
than their information makes them 
and the intervals of being informed 
arc too far apart, this becomes a 
hidden cause of trouble. 

These and many other issues 
may be examined and policies 
adopted which will produce a 
larger and more loya membership 
in cooperatives. In this way larger 
responsibility of producers is creat- 
ed greater volume of business 
assured and more competent man- 
agement justified and *^^P^'>y^^-^^ 
As the ba.sis of successful coopera- 
tive business. ii^"<^ f^'^?'' .^ rZal 
fore promoted through the '"'f ""«^« 
formulalion and use of Pf^'^'J^ 
Lll guarantee a "f-\"{^''"''^j;. 
understanding membership. More 
over, accomplishments through man- 
agement are made more surely and 
easily when management is backed 
up by fully informed members. 







Nominating Petition 

For DIRECTOR of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Association 


Turn'to page 3 for districts in which vacancies are to be filled and 
the list of locals belonging to those districts. Also turn to page 5 and 
read amended by-laws, section \i. providing for this method of nomination. 

We. the undersigned stockholders of the Inter- State 
Milk Producers' Association petition to place the name of 



on the nomination ballot for director of the Inter-State Milk 

Producers' Association for the ^ — district. 

The signatures of ten members residing in the district are required 
on a petition to place a name on the nomination ballot. 

Signatures of Members 

(Nkmes must be Ictible) 


Additional names may be included on this petition. Attach blank sheets hereto 
for that purpose. 

This petition must be in the Association Secretary's ofHce 
219 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, by October 1, 1934. 

Method of Call for Local Meetings 

THE FOLLOWING motion was approved by the Board of Directors on 
September 8: 

All meetings of local units at which delegates to the annual stock- 
holders' meetings of the Inter-State Milk Producers' Association are 
selected shall be called in the following manner: 

1. The president or secretary of the Local, or the director or field 
man representing each local, shall notify the Secretary of Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Association of the date, hour, place, chairman and 
principal business of the meeting, including the election of a delegate 
and an alternate delegate to the annual meeting of the Association. 

2. The Secretary of the Inter-.State Milk Producers' Association 
shall then send notices by mail at least tiirec days before the date set 
for such meeting to all members of the Inter-State Milk Producers' 
Association who are listr-d on his records as members of that Local, 
including in the notice all information supplied to him as requested in 
the preceding paragraph. 

3. The secretary, or other officer, of the Local shall send by mail 
to the Secretary of the Inter-State Milk Producers' Association within 
three days after the date of the meeting of the Local the names and 
post office addresses of the delegate and alternate delegate selected to 
attend the annual meeting of the Association and the names and post 
office addresses of the officers of the Local who are to serve for the 
ensuing year. 

The Treasurer of this association shall refuse approval of the pay- 
ment of any exp)enses of any delegate unless he has been selected at a 
Local meeting called in the manner specified herein. 

Copies of this motion shall be sent by first class mail before October 
L 1934, to the president and secretary of each Local of the Association 
and shall be published in the September. 1934, issue of the Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Review. 

Water Important 
for Dairy Calves 

The importance of water for 
young calves is often not fully 
realized, says R. H. Olmstead of 

l-K«» rlajrv rl<»r>artm#>nt at Pennsvlva- 

nia State College. 

The Wisconsin l^xperiment Sta- 
tion conducted a test with two 
groups of young calves to determine 
the importance and value of water 
with their feed. Both groups were 
fed 14 pounds of skimmilk per calf 
per day and in addition all the 
hay and grain they would eat. One 
group received no water in addition 
to the skimmilk. The other group 
received all the water they desired. 

The group receiving water con- 
sumed somewhat more water than 
skimmilk. They also ate twice as 
much hay, one-third more grain, 
and gained in weight about one 
half pound per calf per day more 
than the group receiving no water. 

This test would seem to prove 
conclusively that water has a 
tremendous effect on the amount 
of feed a calf will consume and in 
turn the feed consumed has a 
direct effect on body growth or 
gain in weight. 

There is also a direct relation 
between the size of a cow and her 
milk production. 

Penn State Engineer 
Designs Sterilizer 

To meet farm needs, J. L. Ni- 
cholas, research agricultural engi- 
neer of the Pennsylvania State 
College agricultural experiment sta- 
tion, has designed a low pressure 
steam sterilizer. Phis equipment 
can be used to sterilize milk pails 
and strainers at a temperature uni- 
formly high enough to make them 
bacteriologically clean. 

Nicholas coverted a galvanized 
iron can 14 mchcs in diameter and 
I8'/2 inches high into a sterilizer 
by clam[)ing down the lid and put- 
ting a rubber ring around the lip of 
the lid to make good contact with 
the top of the container. To assure 
proper temperature and guard 
against excessive pressures a safety 
valve set at a maximum of one- 
half pound a square inch can be 
provided in the lid. 

When a steam pressure as low as 
one-eighth to one-fourth pound to 
the square inch is available the 
temperature can be kept practic- 
ally uniform at 2IU to 215 degrees 
Fahrenheit even in an uninsulated 
container. Heat can be supplied by 
a gas, oil, coal, wood, or electric 

If it is desired to use the sterilizer 
for heating water a spigot can be 
arranged near the bottom to drain 
off the water, Nicholas explains. 

During the war upwards of fifty 
million acres of land were brought 
into production in this country as 
Luropean lands of about the same 
area were temporarily abandoned 
as the need grew for manpower in 
the trenches and factories. But 
after the war we kept on farming 
this larger area while Europe slowly 
brought her lands back into pro- 



September. 1934 


Mastitis & Garget Ij^^^jg^s' Letters 



Rf.view who 

reader of the w. 
from Lebanon. Penna., is 

Jltpa" ntly'tormoTest to h.s 
^||,paren^y ^^^^y^^^^^^ your asso- 

Co^^Jtrlt^-lW control Lard 
H. also repeats a report which 

H l!?him that "The Inter-State 
■reacfied him ma i 

19ti» better than a church. We 

125lpreciate this interest in us but 
cint accept that honor. 

Utters must be signed if they 
^e intended to be taken «er.ou jy 
Lnable you to f ncl the faulty qmtt fUg writer insists, his name win 
one source of BACTERIA. iL ithheld if and when the letter 

The Special Products 0" p""'^ "'' " '"'""""' "^"" 

iNcxjKi'ORAriiu ture used. 


.^==========, Oxford. Pa. 

August 27. 1934. 

.^/litor, Inter-State 

Milk Producers' Review. 

On the editorial page of the August 
Usue of your paper you ask readers to 

■nd in their views 1 am not only a 
leader, but also a member of the Inter- 
State Milk Producers" Association and I 
welcome this opportunity to express my 
fiews publicly. 

1 read with much interest and sincere 

tic and export, Chester C. Davis 
Administrator of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act, said in an address 
at the Iowa State lair. 

The transition to the second 
phase of the adjustment program 
l,=,8 l.ron hastened because this 
year the desired balance has been 
largely attained through the use of 
burdensome surpluses to offset the 
effects of the drought. Mr. Davis 
pointed out. 


Does More Than Fertili; 



grief the various 

items lamenting the 

. wpenditure of $4,010.00 necessary to 
^ Oonduct a legal election because of the ill 

repute in 

• which our association has 


Horace F. Tempk! 

. wallowed these past few years A chain 

^ i« no stronger than its weakest link and 

an organization is judged by the actions 

of the individual who makes its public 

That it what every piece of contacts. 

good printing is AN IDEA y^jj jq thi, much lamented $4,010 the 

many thousands of dollars taken from 
, I J L . , J ^ Biembers milk checks to maintain receiv- 

If you would be interested m a good " i_ j- . u .,„,. tk, manv 

printer's Ideas about good printing fc? stations for the distributors, the many 
we are at your disposal at any time, aiore thousands t jken from these sime 

milk checks to pay not only exhorbitint 
Call, write or phone but non-existant hauling charges, and yet 

Weit Chester No. 1 Jhore thousands taken from producers" 

pockets to pay for barn inspections the 

cost of which, according to Pennsylvania 

IjUw, should be borne by ti stributors, and 

*when you have finished adding write us 

Incorpoitlcd another editorial. 

U/rCT PUPCTrR PI Fellow members all these thousands of 

nose of men who are being paid by you 

to protect your interests. 
^ |-, P f '^' ' ^"^^ mentioned no names certainly 

1 reat r ence rOStS ^j,,, j^^^^^ complies with your request for 

for Durability (comments on policies with personilities 

The fence post problem on farm 
• I • • „„„n Very truly yours. 

IS becoming serious in some coun ^^^^^^ ^ Rhodes. 

tics because the supply of sounc 

dead chestnut timber is exhausted Copy to Mr. Stern. Editor, 
and there are no other durabk P^'ladelphia Record 

woods to use for this purpose, ac (Ednor's Note: We are glad to ^now 
cording to W. I. Bull of Pennsylva- thallhe Review is "hilling home" wilh ih 
nia -State College. naders. Do more thart read Mr. Rhodes' 

A method of timber treatment letter study U. Art election which he 
that is economical and effectivt apparently calls legal turns out much as 
suggested by the Agricultural W- precious elections which were whal!>. the 
perimant Station of the University mom difference being the delay and cost. 
of Arkansas, is to steep well sea That election showed where the majority 
soned pine and oak posts in a i ,1 o} members stand on these matters.) 
per cent water solution of z'1'|^ 
chloride, then dry and steep agai'l" 

in old motor oil. 

Station has found S^t lists U^r'^'^' <^*^a"S«» P*»"» 
were as scum 

ed by this method — — 

after ten years in low moist ground 
as posts treated by the hot ana 
cold creosote method. 

A large oil barrel can be used to 
heat the zinc chloride and motor oil 
to steep the posts. 

Agricultural adjustment is pass- 
ing out of its emergency phase of 
straight crop reduction into its 
second phis3, wherein the principal 
objective is to maintain a bala ice 
between production and effective 
•narket requirements, both domcf- 

Cut Your Food Costs! 

Here is a chance to get as much 
as $2.08 per hunc'red pounds at the 
farm for at least a part of your 
surplus milk. Make it into cheese 
and use the cheese to replace a 
part of the meat in your own home. 
Cheese is highly nutritious. One 
pound of it is equal in balanced 
food value to about 3 pounds and 
1 1 ounces of average meat. It is 
high in protein, minerals and but- 
terfat with a good supply ol 

This cheese can be made at 
home. Full directions can be ob- 
tained from Farmers Bulletin No. 
1191. American Cheese Makmg in 
the Home, which can be had by 
writing to the U.S. Department of 

Agriculture at Washington. UL 

Or a demonstration can be had 
in any Pennsylvania community by 
applying to your county agent who 
will arrange for a specialist from 
State College to show how it is 
done. The equipment needed is 
simple and dozens of such nrieetings 
held in different parts of the state 
have proved successful in showing 
how this American, or cheddar. 
type of cheese can be made. About 
three hours time of one person is 
required for a batch of cheese, the 
amount depending upon the ca- 
pacity of the equipment. 

Every farm family with surplus 
milk could well afford to make 
some cheese for their own use. It 
can be substituted for a goodly 
part of the meat and dozens of 
recipes are available telling how to 
use it in a variety of ways. With 
meat at 15 cents a pound it would 
take from 30 cents worth to ttU 
cents worth of meat to supply as 
much actual food value as one 
pound of cured American Chee«: 
The average would be about W 
cents worth of ment. 

Since 103 pounds of 3.5 percent 
milk will make about 9.4:> po inds 
of cured cheese the price of milk 
might be figured at $2.33 per hund- 
red as a minimum. However, as 
cheese can be bought in the store 
at about 22 cents a pound we wi I 
figure the value of 3.5 percent rrulk 
a? that rate, or $2.08 per hundred 
at the farm. As lOO pounds of 5 
percent milk would m:ikc U.f 
pounds of cured cheese the farm 
price of such milk for home cheese 
making might well be hgured at 

$2.84. ^ 

Why not turn some of your sur- 
plus milk into cheese? It will pro- 
vide an excellent food at low cost 
and ease the burden of feeding the 

Jersey Cow Breaks 
Butterfat Record 

Producing more butterfat than 
any Jersey cow in the United States 
has ever produced in a 365-day 
official test, Stockwell's April Pogis 

by Alba B. Johnson at I Jigh 
Pastures Farm, Woodstock, Vt., 
has recently finished a year's test 
with a yield of 1218.48 lbs. butter- 
fat. 17.880 lbs. milk. 

This butterfat yield makes her 
the champion 365 - day Jersey 
butterfat producer of the United 
States. She supersedes as champion 
Abigail of Hillside, a Massachusetts 
Jersey cow which held the title for 
six years with a yield of I.U/-5I 
lbs. of butterfat. 

In a 365-day test ended only ten 
weeks before the beginning of her 
national championship test. Stock- 
well's April Pogis of H. P- yfWed 
918.79 lbs. butterfat. 15.611 lbs. 

milk. f LI- L 

Alba B. Johnson, owner ot High 
Pastures Farm, is a Philadelphia 
business man prominent in indus- 
trial and insurance fields. 

The Prophet 

Visitor: "You know. Pat, a little 
rain now would do the country a 
lot of good." 

Pat: "Roight ye are, sor. An 
hour uv it now. wud do more good 
in five minutes than a month uv it 
wud do in a week at any other 

Farmer: "I'd like to borrow 
$2,000 on this security I have along 

^'shrewd Banker: "I'm a little 
deaf. Come closer so I can hear 
you and you better cut down the 
amount to a thousand. 

/ Can't 

You Can't 

A nzw cooperative slogan 


1934 Farm Cash^Income 
Estimated at Six Billion 

A total cash income of about 
$6 000,000.000 in the year 1934 
from sales of farm products and 
rental and benefit payments from 
the Agricultural Adjustment Ad- 
rriir^istration is estirhated by the 
F3ureau of Agricultural Ixonomics. 
This estimate compares with $5.- 
051.000.000 in 1933. and represents 
an increase of nearly $1,000,000,000 
or 19 percent. It is a 39 percent 
gain over 1932 when the total cash 
income from sales was estimated at 
$4,328,000,000. the low point of 
recent years. 

Wisconsin Prices 

A slight price decrease was 
experienced by Wisconsin dairy- 
men in July, the average price of 
all milk in that state being $1.04 
compared to $106 in June A drop 
in milk for cheese from $.96 to $.9Z 
accounted for this. Milk for butter 
held steady at $1.04. for conden- 
series at $1.14 and fluid milk 
advanced one cent to $1.33. 1 he 
farm butterfat prices remained at 

Production per cow was slightly 
higher on August I. 1934. than a 
year earlier, the average number of 
cows per farm slightly less, causing 
an increased production per farm 
in the state of eight-tenths of one 

June Prices Paid by 
Producers' Associations 

3.5% Milk. f. o. b. Market (x) 

I Urtford 
New York City 
Kansas City 
*Des Moines 
•San Diego 


Net Price 



I 67 









Basic Price 

1 60 

2 10 

(x) Except New York quotations apply 
to 201 mile zone. Boston to 181 •"''«= ^°"« 
and Chicago to 70 mile zone. May 


August Prices at Principal Markets 

From National Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation 


Prices f.o.b. City 3.5% Test Butter- 
fat Uiff- 

CUm I Claw 11 iClass 111 erential 




♦Philadelphia $2-^0 

♦Pittsburgh I 2.48 

*N.Y. City (20' "»''•*''"«> 2.45 










$ .96m 

Men ion the Review when writ- 
ing advor is rs. 

aDcs Moines 


Washington, D.C. 

AOetroit i 2.ZJ 

ABoston (t»i -"*!« """^ ] f^^, 

Oklahoma City 1-575 

AChicago (71 m,le ...,.). . . .| 2.25 

ASt. Louis • • I 2.55 

ASt. Paul-Minneapolis W 

aLos Angeles , \ Jl 

Hartford (t) j 3.4^5 

♦Cincinnati (t) \!'l^ 

Porthnd. Ore. (t)..M 1-706 

Richmond ^t) AJ-^l^—-^—^- , . ,. 

— ^- I i.,^.r AAA milk marketing license: 

'^',X P.'^- "'^' bra;t;:sr;4„."".'b±t,*- m„.. .u„ .h,« p... 

clas-'cs. others not included. 




11. 1 



































Drying Off Dairy Cows 

WHAT is the best way to dry 

said the surest way is to "feed her 
timothy hay and let the hired man 
milk her. " But there is no profit 
in that. 

Two common methods are by 
partial milking, that is, removing 
a part of the milk each milking, 
and by milking only once a day 
for a few days, then once in two 
days, and gradually lengthening 
the time between milkings. 

A third way is much less trouble 
and appears to be every bit as 
good— if not slightly better. That 
is to just quit milking the cow. 
It sounds rash -and risky. It has 
been tested scientifically, however, 
and proved to work no harm to 
the cow. 

One test was applied to nine 
cows varying from 7 pounds to 
16.4 F>ounds of milk daily before 
drying off. The left half of the 
udder of each cow was dried off by 
simply stopping milking, the right 
half by intermittent milking (every 
second, then every fourth milking, 

After the next freshening the left 
half of the udder of six cows pro- 
duced a larger percentage of the 
total production of those cows than 
they did before drying off. with 
one cow there was no change and 
with two cows the left half pro- 
duced a smaller percentage of the 
total production after being dried 
off in this manner. 

The nine cows produced 46.7 
percent of their milk in the left 
halves of their udders before drying 
off and after freshening they pro- 
duced 48.97 percent in the left 
halves. This difference was not 
great and Professors Wayne, Eckles, 
and Peterson of the University of 
Minnesota who made the experi- 
ment insist that this method of 
drying off has no noticeable effect 
upon the amount of milk produced 
in the next lactation period. 

In discussing the method they 
state that it is much quicker than 
either of the other two methods 
mentioned. On the basis of the 
results obtained in their research 
they recommend complete stopping 
as the best means of drying off 
cows producing 20 pounds daily 
or less at the time of drying off. 
They gave no suggestions as to 
how to handle this problem with 
heavier milking cows. 

They reported that in drying off 
cows in this manner the udder 
filled up until the pressure was 
sufficient to stop secretion. This 
occurred about the third day with 
most of the cows. The milk was 
then gradually resorbed from the 
udder until dry. most of them 
being practically dry ten days after 
stopping milking. They warn that 
it is a mistake to milk out the cow 
during this resorption F>eriod as 
secretion is then started again and 
the drying off period is prolonged. 
In every case cows selected for 
the experiment had normal and 
balanced udders and in every case 
the udders remained so after the 
next freshening. 

One other observation made in 
these experiments showed that the 

milk drawn under the intermittent 
mpthoH of dryine off. and also 
under the method of only milking 
out a part of the milk, is lower 
quality. Bacteria counts were 
considerably higher, especially when 
the cow was milked less often than 
once a day. Cell counts (white 
blood corpuscles) in the milk show- 
ed a very great increase under the 
intermittent (skipped milking) 
method of drying off. 

We might conclude from these 
studies that when it comes time 
to dry off most cows, perhaps 98 
out of 100, the easiest and best 
method is to just quit milking them. 

Loans for Improvements 

Farmers may borrow money 
from the Federal Housing Adminis- 
tration for making repairs and 
improvements about their homes 
and buildings, says an announce- 
ment from Washington headquar- 
ters of that governmental unit. 

This money may be used for in- 
stalling water systems, plumbing, 
improving the farm water supply, 
for wiring, heating systems, re- 
pairs, or other ordinary improve- 
ments. Construction of fences, 
garages and similar new work of a 
minor character is also included. 

Loans may not exceed $2000 and 
must be approved by the lending 
institution. The total expenditure 
on the improvements is in no way 

Watch That Meadow 

P. R. Miller, extension agrono- 
mist at the University of Vermont, 
gives some worthwhile suggestions 
on fall care of the meadow. His 
recommendations include top-dress- 
ing with commercial fertilizer or 
barnyard manure and careful pas- 
turing. He says, in part: 

"It is best to permit the rowen 
(second crop of hay) to grow almost 
to hay height before pasturing, and 
graze it no closer than a mowing 
machine would cut. Much injury 
will result if the stock is permitted 
to grub the plants to the ground or. 
as frequently hapfjens. actually 
uproot many of the plants. Timo- 
thy meadows are particularly sub- 
ject to injury from overgrazing. 

"It is not advisable to pasture 
meadows late in the fall. Where the 
meadow is principally timothy, fall 
grazing is sometimes detrimental, 
since the young timothy tillers 
have not become firmly rooted and 
are liable to be pulled up if grazed. 
As a result, the stand becomes 
thinner, with a consequent increase 
of weeds and a reduction in the 
yield and quality of the hay in the 
following years. Allowing the 
plants to attain a good growth 
before frost not only provides a 
good winter cover but permits the 
storing of an adequate food reserve 
in the roots for early growth the 
following spring." 


Watch the ads in Milk Producers' 
Review for news of reliable farm 
and dairy supplies. 


Don't oav for this 

um mu 

if you live out here 

-r "15^ 




. ^1 , !■>„ .,..,1 PMl!<<l<>lnli 
West v^ncsici, » « ■_"„_' . 



. ,. 1^34 


.oi-lATtviN, ' oo. 

No. 5 

ho Shall Make Inspections 


Save 15% to 30% 



^FFECTIVK Saturday, 
ember 1, we announce an 
tant reduction in our liability 
insurance rates for country dwell- 
ers. On and after that date, the 
price for insurance on all types of 
pleasure cars will be only $15.00. 
This im|)ortant and money - 
saving rate reduction is possible 
because we are doing l)usiness 
mostly with the farmers and other 
rural people of Pennsylvania 

li«/ated to a position carrying a 

Full Protection 5a/«g*i„ amount of responsibility 

At New Low Rural R^ PO-r. His record as head of 

. ^" K*.r«iise he had at least a small 
W K. Moffett who has been spection. 

Looking for Trouble 

"be milk inspection service m 
All p(.licies issued at the ne.^nnsylvania makes it appear to -— ^ j ; 

rates will carry the same full^ that he is not above playing g^f^^°^^«^^ ^^j ^e 
tection as all of our policies Jifvorites in his work. which sudpIv milk 

done in the past. We pa, Long known as an *^"e/"> °; 
lawyers fees, court charges -ricultural cooperatives he nas 
damages in case of liability, ftken keen delight in ^"acking the 
cannot afT<.rd to miss the opfeter-State Milk Producers Asso- 
tunity to protect yourself and Ation. His weapons were useless 
property at this reduced rate, f wever, against such a substant ai 
rate does not ai)plv to resi;lenIganization built upon a soiia 
cities. It is for rural and lundation of service. He was par- 
town dwellers only. fcl to the enactment ol a law 

- • ^ ^hich, if passed, could have been 

COMPENSATION: Our Workmen Compensation Policy j^j to starve the association. 

provides protedion for both employer and employee and ^■^^ dislike has included the 
has returned a substantial dividend every year. Philadelphia Inter - State Dairy 

Pennsylvania Threshcrmen & Farmers Mutual Casually Insi»an«Council. He has condemned its 
325 S. 18th St., Harrisburg, J>a iducat.onal work but 


The next move was subtle. A 
crew of Pennsylvan a State m- 
" into Maryland, 
ew lersey areas 
which supply milk to Philadelphia. 
They happened to go down there 
near the close of a s|>ell of rain, 
more rain, and still more rain. 1 hey 
were critical. Reports reaching us 
indicate they were determined to 
find something wrong. Under such 
conditions they could do so. A 
cross section of every receiving 
station area was inspected. 

This was followed by citing 

dealers who operate receiving sta- 
tions outside of Pennsylvania and 
which supply milk to Philadelphia 
They were asked to appear and 
show cause why their permits to 
operate those stations should not 
be revoked. Some of those stations 
were much closer to Philadelphia 
than Moffett's own office. 

Appearmg at their respective 
hearings the representatives of 
these dealers were mformed how 
they could get back into Moffett s 
good graces. The procedure was 
simple. Send out their own in- 
spectors and see that any faulty 
conditions found by the state men 
were corrected w thin 30 days. M 
so the markets of those producers 
would be saved and the receiving 
stations could be continued in 

-•fupport for such rash action, ri- 
Pa. T. & F. Mutual Casualty Ins. Co. Harrisburft. Pa. Mly. however, he found orie law 

. Bjat could be invoked against a 

Gentlemen: Svtui int- full information concerning new, reduce." . ■ . 

Today n 

rate poiiry for rural (iwellers. 
I am interested in 

.Make of Car Model 

Business Payroll 


This inquiry does not nhligalc mr in any way. 

rtain part of the work ot that 
jrganization. That law says that 
the cost of dairy farm inspections 
tiust be borne by the buyer of the 
Ifciilk and Dairy Council inspection, 
or quality control, work is bene- 
fitted by a check-off from produc- 

Ordered Inspections Outlawed 

\ Let's go back to a point appar- 

--• Itnt 

The Milk Producers^ Review 

_.jtly before his discovery of that 

"l aw. Late in August he issued an 

Vder instructing all dealers to 

refuse to recognize any inspections 

by any inspectors employed by the 

. |. J L ± J .Dairy Council, men accredited 

.... a Specialized market p/fl' through and by his own office, such 

an order was so biased and unfair 
p O R that it was quickly withdrawn, 

presumably over-ruled by his *u- 
Dairy Farm Equipment penors. 

r, -iJ* CI* ^^"^^ ^^^^ ^" attempt to close 

Building Supplies I up certain Maryland receiving sta- 

Farm Machinery \ t'O"* for little or no apparent reas- 

rx . P 1 •on but this move was soon can- 

Uairy reeas ^.^,5^^ -^^^^ ^^^ afore-mentioned 

Insurance law must have been brought to his 

Barn Equipment ' attention 

cj J J r «.-lljf ^"t a woi'd about the law. It 

beeds and hertiiu' j^ ^^^ ^^ j^^^^ ^^^^^ written so as 

... , ,, . , ,. I rt to cut out an old inspection evd 

And, in fact, any and all services and supplies usefl"'^ used by a few scattered dealers who 

t assessed a fee against every dairy 

iarm inspected to be paid in cash 

on the spot before the inspection 

would be passed. The law wiped 

out that evil and, until a few 

months ago, practically all the 

important dealers in Philadelphia 

*nd many other towns used the 

l^airy Council inspections. These 

mspections gave the producer some 

»ay about what is fair and just. 

up-to-date modern farms. 

Investigation, whether careful or casual, will show 

that few farm markets today can compare in purchasing 

power or in regularity of income with that reached by 

the Milk Producers' Review. 

September circulation -20,922 to farmers, 1,348 others- 

Products advertised in its columns will be brought 

the attention of these preferred buyers. 

Local Meetings Are Important 

arc "«'"'"'''f„{°^,„^'':^ltmg your Local meeting an event of 
Succeeding in ^^^ J" j^j ^^j informative to those 

rnlmg"^: stn'gt'h^m;" tirvery foundation of your asso- 

ciation. Macklin's article in the September 

• ^7 rWe ^EVEwentited ''Members Must Be Kept 
,ssue of the ^^"^^^^^J^ [L necessity of reaching those 
'"^°T^ of coonera fves who do not read. The Local meet- 
Tn^T wiU ^LTTho^se men if they are induced to come to 

'^^ Whv"not make it your job to bring out all your 

kT^ Tmbers when your Local holds its meeting^ If 
neighbor members when yo ^^^ ^^^^ 

there is room in y°";:"\h;\",,^^;'"J ,0 anyway, and will 
r^hrafrselts-rthlir^'cr" filled lith Lmbers of the 


"k° m"i!k marketingrs discussed on an intelligent basis 
where milk marketing * ^^^ 

will have a chance "J-J^^^^^,^ i'ntelligently. 

'{::^:6:^':^:^^^r:^^ who know them thoroughly 

.nd who can ---^^f-^^'r/^lt^U'^e^'ch "active Inter-State 
hvery -ember of he ^^-. Y o ^^.^^^^ ^^ ^,^^ , ^^^,^ 
stockholder ha a vjUinU^rct ^^.^.^^ ^^^^^^ 

their grown ^"'^^^ J^^^^^^^^J^^e^fundamentals of successful 
'".;L mart'ng th n go home and discuss these subjects 

f^ f « ^^rS :::;^hb^:r:nrs%t^^ 

will be able *" «'7^ ^^c' ^^ ^ ^, ^nv other organization 
'wl^c^Ttr^mcerl m u'Vurro^es will gain through such an 
""'^r:ee"/the ^dp of every member to spread the facts 

operation. The absurdity of it. 
The same men could do the in- 
specting provided they were paid 
by the dealer instead of by an 
impartial outside agency, the Qual- 
ity Control Department of the 
Philadelphia Inter - State Dairy 

Council. »« /r ».. L - 

We don't know why Moffett has 
that position, nor why he is kept 
in it. To our knowledge his previous 
record contains nothing to espec- 
ially qualify or commend him to it. 
His record of four months work is 
no more enlightening to us as to 
his possession of qualifications which 
will protect and improve the quali- 
ty of the milk supply upon which 
Pennsylvania's 9 million citizens 

depend. . 

Instead, his record impresses us 
as unsatisfactory. It appears that 
he will play favorites with the right 
opportunity presented, using imag- 
inary lines to distinguish between 
where good and dangerous milk is 
produced. Or was that the reason? 

Producers Need Some Say 

Should this stunt of his stay on 
the records every producer supply- 
ing any Pennsylvania market with 
milk will be at the mercy of in- 
spectors paid by the dealers— 
presumably including the milk 
trust Moffett and his colleagues 
fear so mortally. In fairness, most 
of those inspectors will do honest 
jobs and will be so instructed by 
the companies behind them But 
when milk becomes plentiful, a 
slight pretext might be sufficient 
excuse to shut off a producer. And 
when supplies are short less scrupu- 
lous dealers may take on milk from 
unsatisfactory dairies thus work- 
ing injustices on our customers, the 
consumers, as well as on other 
producers who have maintained 
standards at a high level. 

The sound development of the 
dairy industry and the protection 
of producers' best interests de- 
mands that producers must retain 
a certain degrje of control over the 
inspection of their dairies. The 
Quality Control department of the 
Dairy Council 01 some similarly 
constituted body is the logical 
method ol attaining this end. 

Based on data obtained m a 
recent "Farm Housing S«irvey , 
which was made as a Civil Works 
Administration Project, it is esti- 
mated that 3.300 rural homes in 
Maryland secure their water sup- 
ply for the house by means of hand 
pumps in the dwellings. 13.200 
have cold water, and 7,800 hot 
water piped into the house. 




\i Sixteen Nominees For Directors 

THE BY-LAWS of tkc Inter-State Milk Producers' Association have 
been amended recently so that any group of ten or more members 
nf fh. association could petition to have the nanrie of a member advanced 
toward election as a Director. 1 he amended oy-iaws. ^-«-''- "-" 
a nominating petition were prmted m the September issue of the Milk 

Producers' Review. , , , • ■ i • j u„^ 

This change from the previous method which also recognized, but 
less formally, the desires of members of each district was made so as to 
insure anyone and everyone who desired a place on the official ballot to 
have his name advanced. . . . 

Yet only 16 nominations were made from the nine territories in 
which vacancies will occur. Four districts have brought forth only one 
nominating petition each, three of them filed two each and from each 
of two districts three nominating petitions were hied. 

The names of the members for whom nominating petitions have been 

District 9— Howard S. Brown. Sylmar. Md.; John S. Reisler. P. O.. 
Nottingham. Pa.. R. 3. residence. Cecil County, Md. 

District lO-J. W. Keith. Centreville. Md. r \A r. 

District 12— Hiram B. Detwiler. Kimberton. Pa.; Wm. C. Men- 

denhall. Downingtown. Pa. . - , n 1 1 rr /-i i \t/ 

District 17— Porter J. Cox. Warriors Mark. Pa.; H. F. Clark. War- 
riors Mark. Pa.: H. B. Stewart. Alexandria. Pa. „ ^ Jf J i 

District la— T. R. Auker. Mifflintown. Pa.; H. H. Bradford. Lewis- 
town. Pa.. R. 1 : M. L. Stltt. Spruce Hill. Pa 

District 19— John Carvel Sutton. Kennedy viUe. Md. 

District 20— C. H. Joyce. Medford N J.. R. 1. 

District 21— S. U. Troutman. Bedford. Pa.. R. ^•, „ , . , „ 

District 24— Howard L. Davis. Bridgeton. N. J.. R. 1 ; Asher B. 

Waddington. Woodstown. N. J. , , . r i- • . • l- u 

Ballots are now being prepared for each of the five districts m which 
contests will occur. These ballots will be sent by mail to all members 
in those districts. Each member will be asked to vote for one name 
on the ballot. This vote will be. in effect, a primary election. 

The nominations committee will meet late this month to open and 
count the nominating ballots. The three receiving the highest number 
of votes from each district will be the official nominees for directors 
of your association. It Is being planned that in the four districts from 
which only one nominating petition has been filed all members will be 
so notified by postal card, thus saving the work and expense of mailing 
ballots In every case the names of the nominees from any one district 
will be placed on the election ballot according to the number of votes 
received in the mall balloting. . . . , • n i . i 

The votes on all nominations and in the election will be on a stock 
ownership basis. Envelopes are being provided for returning the nomi- 
nation ballots, the association paying the postage for their return. 

Take care of this promptly upon receiving your ballot. 
Postage will cost you nothing and you will be doing your part in putting 
the name of the man of your choice on the election ballot. 



economic good." Professor Button 

"This practice has long been 
followed by producers of certified 
milk, essentially as a measure to 
aid in the production of milk of low 

I . ■ . "TL.. Co» Tviillr ta 
uaticiia cuuiii. I .iv- ...-. -- 

usually higher in bacteria and lower 
in fat content. Only the first few 
streams were removed, however, 
and the remaining milk was im- 
proved in bacterial quality, and 
not particularly affected in fat 

content. j i • i 

"The present trend toward high- 
er testing milk has focused the 
attention of many dairymen on 
methods of raising the fat test of a 
cow's milk without standardization 
or adulteration. This early sanitary 
practice of removal of fore milk is 
now practiced to raise the fat test 
of the remaining milk." 

Women in Cooperatives 
Subject at National Meet 

dry storage, forty 
degrees Fahren 

Those who have no turnao 
ideal conditions in the cell 
the first group of vegetabk 
have more difficulty with tl 
two arouns. Those havine 
nace usually have better 
with the third group. Anyo 
had trouble last year wi 
storage of vegetables may 
the New York State Col 

£i"u^<.::i.i(embers Meet Next Month 

ave no furnat* 

b Consider Today's Problems 

Agriculture. Ithaca, 
bulletin E-196. 


1 rr^^^r^-^t-r\\%T^ii Plans 

loLKS it will again be your 
meeiing. Plans are well along 
and will be announced in full 

the November issue of 


occupy a more important place at 
the annual meeting than ever be- 
fore. A special program is being 
planned for the women which will 
include discussions of how women 

Herd Health Program 
Outlined for Dairymen 

An eight-jjoint herd health pro- 
gram for dairymen is being recom- 
mended to all practicing veterinar- 
ians and herd owners in Pennsylva- 
nia, by Dr. T. E. Munce. director of 
the bureau of animal industry in 
the Pennsylvania Department of 
Agriculture. This program in- 
cludes the following: 

1. Consider the health of your 
herd as being equal if not of more 
importance to breeding, production 
and marketing. 

2. Familiarize yourself with and 
utilize the official plans and proced- 
ures developed for preventing and 
controlling transmissible diseases of 

3. Have the health of herd de- 
termined and all diseased cattle 
promptly removed. 

4. Clean and disinfect thorough- 
ly the premise occupied by the dis- 
eased cattle and frequently there- 

5. Carry out diligently proper 
sanitary and strict disease prevent- 
ive measures. 

6. Install a good system for 
keeping accurate health and breed- 
ing records. 

7. Keep in close touch with your 
veterinarian and the District Agent- 

In-Charge for the Bureau of Ani- 
mal Industry to the end that they 
will be in better position to help 

8. Assume the responsibilities 
and duties which are properly 
yours in order to keep your herd 
free of disease. 

There is no person in better pos- 
ition to safeguard the health of the 
farm herd than the owner or mana- 
ger who is constantly on the prem- 
ises. It is his job and he should 
take the task seriously. The State 
must not be expected to assume 
fully a responsibility so largely 
that of the individual owner, Dr. 
Munce asserts. 

Use Care In Limiting 
Amount of Fore Milk 

The practice of withholding fore 
milk or first milk from the main 
milk production of a cow must be 
watched carefully, or a high loss of 
fat will be experienced, according 
to Prof. F. C. Button, associate 
dairy husbandman of the State 
Agricultural Experiment Station. 
Rutgers University. 

"Recent experiments at this 
Station show that, with few excep- 
tions, farmers are drawing out too 
much of this fore milk for their own 

"What is pre-war parity for 
dairy products." will be discussed 
by delegates to the eighteenth 
annual convention of the National 
Cooperative Milk Producers' Fed- 
eration when it meets at Syracuse. 
New York, on November 12. 13. 
14. This subject will be taken up 
as it applies to fluid milk and cream 
and as it applies to manufactured 
dairy products. 

Economists from the United 
States Department of Agriculture 
and cooperative leaders now active 
in dairy organizations will feature 
the program. 

Perhaps even more important is 
the subject "Women's Place in the 
Cooperative Movement." Speakers 
of wide reputation and demon- 
strated ability have been secured 
to discuss the outstanding features 
of this subject which is rapidly 
gaining in prominence. 

Additional subjects to be covered 
will Include the work of the Agri- 
cultural Adjustment Administra- 
tion (A. A. A.) and relationships of 
coopjeratives to that body, also the 
handling of surpluses locally and 

Your association will be repre- 
sented at the meeting by President 
B. H. Welty. Sales Manager H. D. 
Allebach and F. P. Willi ts who is 
a member of the executive com- 
mittee and was Inter-State's first 
president. All members of dairy 
cooperatives are welcome at the 

Keeping Vegetables 

The following conditions are de- 
sirable in storing vegetables says 
Arthur J. Pratt of Cornell Univer- 

First, potatoes, root crops, cab- 
bage and celery need cool and rela- 
tively humid conditions; a temper- 
ature of thirty-four to forty degrees 
Fahrenheit in a room with a damp, 
but not flooded, dirt floor. Canned 
fruits and vegetables may be kept 
on shelves in this room. 

Second, onions and dry beans 
should be kept cool, but dry. A 
temperature of about thirty- two 
degrees in a dry room i;- ideal. 

Third, squashes, pumpkins and 
sweet potatoes need a warmer but 

U;.EW. The Inter-State Annual '';;'";;;-, ;-;;;" \7;j association and win ^e Weld a the Broad- can^hdp se_^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^ 

• rtjod Hotel in ^^^'•^'^^'.'P i' ,• „ agriculture in general. Cooperative 

The burden of farm Pr*)vember 20-21 and early ma^^^^ leaders everywhere arc encouraging 
taxes can be lightened in of^ns point to one or ^^^^ women to become active in 

moreof three ways, says the lietings ever n«[^- -n . cooperative work as a full under- 

of agricultural economics. oKhe election of ^'rectors will be coope ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ organiza- 

reduce the number of local ^r^^ '^C£:^on^^ year wUl iZs probLms assures a^ more_v.g- 

[IrTn one respect from previous 

tings in that all nominations 

11 be made by the members living 

hin the districts in which ya- 

,cie8 will occur. It is intended 

»t no nominations will be made 

iom the floor, thus preventing any 

• Itneuvers which might railroad a 

On . fl.h. „i.h . coy ^^f'>^^^, tl^^L":: dl.t.c°' 

mental units; a second way 
combine governmental fu 
and set them apart as bt 
state and county; and a thi 
is to put more of the reven 
on sources other than p: 

orous organization and a more 
loyal membership. 

Women to Be Active 

Many of the best thinking mem- 
bers of our association have assert- 
ed that the women should take part 
in the Local meetings. This, they 
feel, is the first step toward a better 
understanding among all of our 
members as then the problems ot 

Vlv fh<» three canuiuaico nri.v^ e>w» ihcuili^'^ "^^ * -^^*- ■ , , 

£ h ehest number of votes in a „,arketing milk gets the thought 
he hignes _ .„ , __,..__j ^^j attention of the true partners 

in each farm business establishment. 

But he still Insisted J,i3v" which wilfbe conducted 

•s,H, o^n - =>l«^JH^JO P""«Trmayhav: their names on 

t official ballot. 

R. Marvel, chairman of the 

Mabel: "What's worrylnj 

^^'**^ i ... • . j„«nual meeting committee, is de- 

Dav d: 1 was jutt wondeifP"a' meeunK ^\^\rVi will 

dad would see to the -HWinfe^.^^ tXby Jdlng' aa^;" 

we re on our honeymoon. '"Pijj^ j j Subjects to be covered 

you said 'yes .f 1 ask ed yo". fl^^^;^'^;^,!^^ l^^ ;„ discussions 

... I J J .am the floor will be of vital im- 

An Irish <^°"P»\f;^°y'^GlTance to every member of the 

phaned three-month-old U«»i»"^ •' . . . i 

baby. Then they took a 


pondence course in 
that they would be ready to 
stand the child when it start 


Full justification for the wives 
taking part in the different meet- 
ings is found in the fact that they 
are so vitally interested in the 
success of their own farms. Every- 
thing which will improve the in- 
come of the farm and thereby make 
for a higher standard of living de- 
tance to every mciuuc. «. ...- serves the attention of farm women 
tociation. It is expected that the everywhere. Likewise every move- 
d program will move rapidly so ^ent which will stabilize the tarm 
• ' • — Qyj.^ the years will be ot 

Late Flash 

more time can be given to 
ral discussion of important 
Bics of the day. Reports of 
icers will be concise and brief, 
eturring during the first day's 


Philadelphia ranks near thcinquet On Tuesday 

in the country in the efficienc y^ banquet open to all members 
its milk distribution system, )|j ^j^^jj. friends will conclude the 
ing from a report just received:^^ j^^.^ activities. One address 
the A. A. A. Only six cities oipj^^^^^j ^^^ ^j^j^ ^y^nt, together 
fifty covered have a lower sf »^j^ ^ ^j^^^^ program of high class 
between the f.o.b. market P^" ,tcrtainment. Arrangements are 
the price per quart delivered a ^^^^ considered which will permit 
consumer's doorstep. , |nquet guests to remain after the 

The margin in PhiladeiphiT j banquet program so they may 
5.15 cents a quart with thejj^gig ^^^^^ Q^^er members and 
costing the dealer 5.85 cents 'Come acquainted, 
average test of 3.8 percent. ^^^^ Wednesday morning pro- 
test is considered conservativtj^jj^ ^jjj \^^\^j^^^ f^ee bus trips to 
the bulk of grade B milk. ^\^ plants, ice cream factories and 
Lower margins are reportedly laboratories. These will oc- 
Chicago. Baltimore, Boston, llpy about two hours and give 
Island-Davenport. Milwaukee i ^^y member attending the meet- 
Evansville with producers in ' j a chance to see how his milk is 
two of those markets getting ^ nJi^j ^j^^^ j^ arrives in the city 
er prices than prevail at Phila^j.!, 

phia. Indianapolis has the » ^y ^^^ ^j several trips, each trip 
margin as Philadelphia but » duding two stops at mod 

person will have the choice of 
iiiaisiii a.ij ■ ....i.',jv..^...« --^ |»».iuuing iwo Slops at modern 
producers getting substantialiyi|ell-equipped plants. An alterna- 

e for those who may not wish to 
lake any of these trips is a visit to 
A leaflet, "The Inter-State ^fcur association offices where the 
Producers' Association. Whatfctensive record system will be ex- 
Has Done and Is Doing." is«|Wained. 

able to all who want it. We w«l Educational features, with open 
glad to send enough for dist'wscugsion if time permits, will con- 
tion at the meeting of your l^udethe Wednesday session. Speak- 
er other community meeting* J« of ablHty and experience have 
as the Grange. The leaflet •een invited to appear on this pro- 
briefly some of the highligliwam. 
Inter-State accomplishments, g the wives of members are to 

income — .. 

direct concern to farm women as it 
adds to the security of the homes 
which are so important and so dear 
to them. 

The problems of cooperative 
marketing should be brought dir- 
ectly to the attention of the young 
folks on our farms, especially boys 
and girls of high school age. They 
will be confronted with the neces- 
sity of making their own living in 
just a few years and information 
gained now will help them later 
when it will mean dollars and cents 
to them. 

We realize the difficulties that 
are met when it comes to bringing 
several members of the family to 
the annual meeting. Work must be 
done at home and, of course, a trip 
costs money. Yet, how much better 
to have two or more attend and 
then talk over everything upon the 
return home. 

Local meetings in most cases can 
be reached by all the adults in the 
family. Come out, everyone, and 
make your Local a source of infor- 
mation and a means of spreading 
understanding about the market- 
ing of milk and the work of your 

Directorships to Be Filled 

The term, of the following named director,. ^P''^"";^'"*,''^,': f Ynlel' 
indiJt^. will expire at the '°^th«,mm« a-ual mee^^^^^ 

?rL^iL'.;i^rea%^r;hrdSrl'cU^^^^^^^ ^or the in- 

formation of all member.. .i,„j„ been f^led for candidate* from 

.. N-n--5„r:iTi„'atrn\tirotw^^^ pa.d envelope for 

^-ni^VThe marked ballot will be XlrrcrJrd\\V;^.lln7tHe 
ber. of the locals in th«e d"»t"Cta '^e three ^^^^'''j^ j^ „^^^ ^„t„ed 

How It's Done 

A farmer, angered at a neighbor, 
decided to bring suit against him, 
and went to one of the attorneys 
of the town to secure his services. 

"The man you are going to sue," 

Cecil Co.. Md. 
Cecil Co.. Md. 
Cecil Co., Md. 
Cecil Co., Md 
Cecil Co., Md. 

Queen Annea Co., Md 
Caroline Co., Md. 
Queen Annea Co.. Md. 

John S. Reisler. District 9 
Bay View, 
Rising Sun. Belvedere. 

J. W. Keith, District 10 
Goldsboro. Marydell. 

Wm. G. Mendenhall. District 12 ^^^^^^ ^ ^^ 

Anselma. -.,, p p 

Barneston, Brandywine Manor. Chester Co.. Ka 

Byers. Font. Chester Co.. Pa 




Honey Brook, Dampman 



Chester Co. 
Chester Co.. 
Chester Co., 
Chester Co., 
Chester Co., 
Chester Co., 


H B. Stewart. District 17 

Alexandria. Juniata Tovmship. 



Marklesburg, Saxton. 

McAlevys Fort. 


Shade Valley. 

Shaeffers Creek. 


Spruce Creek, 

Warriors Mark. 



L. Stitt. District 18 
Church Hill. 
East Waterford, 
Spruce Hill. 

J. C. Sutton. District 19 
Kennedyville. Blacks, 

C. H. Joyce. District 20 
Columbus, Jobstown. 
Mt Holly. 

S. U. Troutman, District 21 
Bedford. Osterburg. 
Friends Cove, 
New Enterprise. 

Huntingdon Co., 
Mifflin Co.. Pa 
Huntingdon Co., Pa- 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 
Huntingdon Co.. Pa- 
Huntingdon Co.. Pa. 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 
Huntingdon Co-. Pa. 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. 

Mifflin Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Mifflin Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Mifflin Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Mifflin Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co.. P«. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 

Kent Co.. Md. 
Kent Co, Md. 
Kent Co., Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 
Caroline Co., Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 

Burlington Co.. N. J. 
Burlington Co., N. J. 
Burlington Co.. N. J. 
Burlington Co., N. J. 
Burliagton Co., N. J. 

Bedford Co.. Pa 
Bedford Co., Pa. 
Bedford Co . Pa. 
Bedford Co., Pa. 

AsHER B. Waddington. District 24 

lew ■-*. »- r»^ — ' 

Camden, Gloucester, 

Deerfield Street. 





said the lawyer, "has given nr»e a 
retaining fee, but I'll write you a 
note to another excellent attorney 
and 1 think he can serve you very 

^^After he got out of the office the 
farmer decided to take a look at 
the note, and this is what he read. 

"Two fat geese. 1 1} pick one 
and you pick the other." 

He showed this note to his neigh- 
bor and they patched up their mis- 

Camden Co . N. J 
Cumberland Co., N. J. 
Salem Co.. N. J. 
Salem Co . N. J. 
Cumberland Co., N. J. 
Salem Co.. N. J. 

Amendment to Order 

The New Jersey Milk Control 
Board on September 27 amended 
its official orders B-2 and B-3 to 
provide that "If during any month 
a dealer's sales in New Jersey ex- 
ceed purchases from New Jersey 
producers, the dealer shall pay to 
New Jersey producers the fluid or 
norm price for each grade of milk 
as specified in the Order or Orders 
of the Board for that month." 


MILK PRODUCERS REVH,<)ctober, 193* 







Official Org«n of the 
Inter-State Milk Producer.' A»ioci«tion. Inc. 

H. E. J«mi»on. Elditor and Businesi Manager 

Fi;.»lwth Mi'O. Graham. Bditur 
Home and Community Department ^ 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
Producera Aasociation, Inc. 

Buiines* Office* 

Hint Buildine. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

235 E. Gay St.. West Chester, Pa 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelp hia office) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St . Phila.. Pa. 

Bell Phones. Locust 5J9I Locust 5392 

Keystone Phone, Race 5344 

Printed by Horace F. Temple, Inc. 
West Chester. Pa. 


50 cents a year in advance 

Advertising rates on application 

• Entered as second-class matter. June 3. 1920. 
at the post office at West Chester. Pennsylvania. 
under thTAct of March 3. 1879." 


No Milk! 

It was the unpleasant truth, yet Two Ways of Eliminating 

a truth of which your association Surplus Milk 

I. Eliminating overproduction 
of milk by feeding your entire 
herd on low-producing, unprofit- 


What would you think of a 
Packard automobile salesman who 
would call on prospective pur- 
chasers while riding a motorcycle? 
Or a F>ep meeting for meat salesmen 
that would feature a vegetarian 
dinner? Those things just don't 
happen except at dairy meetings 
at which beer is served with no 
milk in sight. 

Your editor attended such a 
dairy meeting recently. In addition 
to being wHhoui milk, sandwiches 
were served without butter and 
corn-on-the-cob, also without butter. 
The sandwiches and corn were free, 
the beer was on sale. 

This event was an annual affair 
of a young dairy marketing or- 
ganization and we are forced to 
conclude that its officers approach 
zero in salesmanship - or they 
would have had an abundance of 
milk available, preferably free and 
certainly at not more than cost. 
They would have had butter on 
every sandwich and on every ear 
of corn that was served. 

Is it possible that they reflect a 
terrible lack of knowledge of human 
nutrition and health, or that this 
demonstration merely shows the 
extent to which they use milk and 
other dairy products in their own 
homes? It certainly shows a lack 
of consideration for their own 

The farmer who uses milk, but- 
ter, and cheese freely deserves 
every consideration and is usually 
able to get along. But we have little 
patience for his neighbor who uses 
little or no milk or its products 
and who sees fit to complain about 

officers. Dairy Council workers 
and nutrition specialists had been 
aware for years. It was nothing 
new to them as attested by the 

II I i iT . 

COnimUOUS WCU - piaimcu cnui 13 

which have been extended for a 
dozen years or more in this market 
in the interests of higher milk 

The executives of the Dairy 
Council which is advertising your 
product in your own market have 
obtained results. The dealers have 
helped by taking your high quality 
milk and putting it on the market 
in the best possible condition, then 
adding their share to Dairy Council 
educational work, plus their own 
advertising. Consumption in the 
Philadelphia area is substantially 
higher than in many other markets 
where there has been no Dairy 
Council program, or where such 
programs are relatively new. 

This general under-consumption 
was not news to us, nor to the 
thousands in our 48 states who are 
striving to increase the use of 
dairy products. But coming from 
an official source, the announce- 
ments focused public attention on 
this great need. Seeing it as an 
official concern we hoF>e the public 
will take heed and use more milk 
which it so badly needs. 

'•New Working Rules Set by Board 

1 1 



Focusing Attention 


For weeks a fresh news 
came to your editor's desk 
daily announcing under-consump- 
tion of milk in this city, that city, 
or some other city. The reports 
covered important centers of popu- 
lation in all parts of the country 
and resulted from a survey by the 
Consumers' Section of the A. A. A. 

An Open Book - 
And Open House 

For the third time within a year 
outside interests are scrutinizing 
the records of your association. 

This time it is the Federal Trade 
Commission which is following out 
a Resolution passed by Congress 
in the closing days of its last 
session. The present investigation 
is for fact finding purposes and is 
part of a national project as ordered 
by Congress. 

The investigators now at work 
here have sfient several weeks 
studying conditions in Connecticut 
and have made a preliminary study 
in the Boston area. 

The Congressional Resolution 
was based on a demand for an 
investigation which followed the 
preliminary audit of dealers books. 
This incomplete study indicated 
large profits for the period preced- 
ing the first Federal milk market- 
ing licenses, but no information 
is available as to conditions at 

The resolution also calls for a 
show down on the oft repeated 
charges that some dairy coopera- 
tives are run by the dealers. 

Naturally, the investigators came 
to the offices of your association 
to get the facts about your asso- 
ciation work and activities. They 
want to know the tyf>e of member- 
ship service, contractual relations, 
method of selling and, of course, 
are trying to find if there is any 
evidence of collusion with dealers 
by which our own members might 
be paid too little or consumers 
charged too much. Their plans 
include the study of records of all 
dairy interests in the milk shed. 

Your association books and files 
arc open to these accredited inves- 
tigators. They are after the facts. 
We will help them get those in our 

time keeping your poor cows, 
plan will help your neighbors. 

2. Eliminating over-production 
of milk by getting rid of your un- 
profitable cows and feeding your 
good cows on a high profit ration. 
This plan will help you as well as 
your neighbors. 

The above bit of sound dairy 
sense was found in some adver- 
tising material put out by a large 
feed manufacturer. 

Control Breakdown 

Enemies of farmers and farmers' 
cooperatives were blamed by F. H. 
Sexauer, president of the Dairy- 
men's League, for the rumors and 
charges now circulating that dairy 
cooperatives have been the cause of 
weak enforcement of Milk Control 

One of the real causes of such 
breakdowns in enforcement, he 
said, has been the organization of 
"company cooF>eratives" by certain 
distributors which are coofjerative 
in name only. Another is the 
practice of certain companies to 
establish subsidiaries in other states, 
the subsidiary buying the milk as 
cheaply as possible and selling it 
to the parent company at the 
regular price. In such a case the 
subsidiary profits go to the parent 
company which does the actual 

than a year earlier. The increase 

all products, on a milk equit 

ent basis, received at Pju 

delphia from New Jersey was 

percent over August, 1933. ^ | ^^ A HHiyrlYS 

increase from Pennsylvania (jYU^^ ^' /Xyy^l*'*^ 

f Uo sanr>»> r>rr»diirl-B was I ^ M . A "i 1 

cent and from Maryland it v<<^^atis]0'CtOry W /111 


HE NEW ORDER by the Pennsylvania M.Ik Control Board known as 
lutZ\ order No. 17 went into effect on October I . The order is 
^ • and appears a workable and practical compromise 

F>ercent. Receipts of milk i 

cream from Delaware dropped 

|x;rcent and from West Virgj 

the drop was 23 percent (rt i " mnrehensive 

August, 1933, to August. 1934. . ^J°„ immediate demands of producers and of distributors, recognizing 

-f 7ue same time the rights of consumers. 
A '' Few major changes were made in prices. Advances were made m 

the newly formed Scranton area. A slight decrease in cream prices 
I. Se effective in the Philadelphia area, this decrease being passed 

,j , . - ' '^'' Mlfo the consumer The new price is such that Western cream 

Id only spend «°|"^- ■ «" >" iV^^^L"^^^^^^^ 
money that goes into legal figk probably will tina a rtauy mai^ 

iu.. .0 .ell .people how good ""*-"J SrnVe'^^aTorT.lrc';" foTrp.oducer, i, co„.„,ned in scc.lon 
" '"' """"■ ,. .?"':1 ;„ /"ales quantity control, or in other words the basic quant.ty 

j^ ...u:^U r"h.u« I are based. 1 he new 


Trouble Shooting 

Cooling troubles among members 
demanded a lot of attention from 
your association's fieldmen right 
down to October 1. In addition, 
mastitis or garget has caused a lot 
of rejections and the fieldmen are 
being called upon by members to 
trace down the trouble. The brom 
thymol test is used to detect the 
cows that are afflicted. The 
member is then instructed to keep 
the milk from such cows out of the 
supply and how to reduce the 
danger of spreading the trouble 
from cow to cow. 

A Correction 

The September issue of the Milk 
Producers' Review, in the article 
"Production Going Up," called 
attention to the increased receipts 
of cream from states which com- 
prise the Philadelphia Milk Shed. 
Total receipts from the entire area 
were given and the states which are 
included wholly or in part in the 
milk shed were listed. New Jersey, 
although in the milk shed, sent no 
cream to Philadelphia in August, 
1934. but did send about I percent 
of the total receipts in August. 

Receipts of fluid milk and of 
fresh condensed milk at Philadel- 
phia from New Jersey were both 
slightly higher in August. 1934, 


■'rice per 


Price per 

in Miles 1 

100 lbs 

in Miles 

100 lbs 

21 to 30 


211 to 220 


11 " 4n 

7 19 

221 •• 250 

1 99 

41 " 50 

2 17 

251 •• 270 

1 97 

51 •• 60 

2 16 

271 " 290 


61 '• 70 

2 15 

291 •• MO 


71 •• 80 

2 14 

311 •• 330 


81 " 90 


351 ■• 340 

1 92 

91 '• no 


341 " 350 

1 91 

111 ■• 120 

2 10 

351 •• 370 

1 90 

121 " 130 


371 " 390 


131 '• 150 


391 •■ 410 


151 •• 170 


411 •• 420 


171 •' 180 


421 •• 440 

1 86 

181 •■ 190 


441 " 450 


191 ■ 210 


.of each produce 

Inter-State Milk 

I Class I pui 
^1 n nrrmits everyone to make a new base, or more accurately, auto- 
»'''" '^Uy gives all producers supplying milk to Philadelphia the higher 

lnter-:5tate Milk maticaiiy gives «.. ,. ^v,^^^.- „ ... ^^nihlv av 

. , A • *•• .^Ma^ their present basic quantity or (b) the monthly av 

roducers Association of (a) the'rp to August 31. inclusive. The b 

Incorporated oeriod trom January 1 w ta^s .,„.,k, «l 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St., »^,- L ^\\\ be established Under the new rule will apply ll 

Philadclnhia. Pa. .fVhlCn Will L»»=^. , , , , l II _,._„cti 

1933. It 

verage for the 

basic quantity 

hroughout the 

vear .^^^ - 's understood that the dealers will' recognize the same 

Kep,e, over 22.000 Dairy Farm.™ ^^llv^^^ of figuring basics for all Maryland and Delaware producers as 

.„.Kek.i.delph..M.lwSh«, J^^*p7„^^^^^^^ ^New Jersey producers will continue to have their 

•"norms" fixed according to rules set by the Control Board of that 

^''^ As previously, each distributor will pay Class 1 price for a percentage 

of the established basic of those producers supplying ^jm with m.lk_ 

This percentage will not be determined until after the end of the month 

,..o.erv CP. ' Kures on fluid sales and on deliveries are available. Likewise. 

s K. Andrew.. Hurioclc. i3orcUte, ^j^J^.J',^^^, ^.^tagcs of basics for Other classcs Will Vary among distributors 

Philadelphia. Pa. 


R 11. Writy. President 

A. R. Marvel. Vice-President 

t. Ralph /oilers, Kxecutive Secretary 

I'. M. Twining, Treanurer 

l-'rank P. Willits. Auiatant Treasurer 

Chis 2 Milk (Per hundred pounds) 
Three and one-half times New York 
Butter plus $.20. 

Class 2A Milk (P^"^ hundred pounds) 
(Three and one-half times New York 
Butter plus $.30 subject to certain addi- 
tions or deductions according to sanit.iry 
and <|uantity production requirements.) 

Class 2B Milk (Per hundred pounds) 
Three and one half times New York 
Butter plus $ 20 (An exception appl't--* 
to condensed or concentrated whole milk 
m sealed containers.) ,,„„„/, 

Classes I. 2. 2 A. and 2H Bullerfat 
Dijjcrcnliah The aliove minimum prices 
.shall apply to milk of 3 5^^, >"""*"* 
content. There shall be a butterfat differ- 
ential of at least $ 02 for each one-hall 



H. I). Allebi 

Board of Directora 

icli. Trappe, Mont 

m until after the end of the month. 

John H. Bennetch, Sheridan, 

KrS*w%ieii«r. New TriMi, Lehigh Co., p. »nd 'cannot be known u..... ...w.. .... ...- -. - . . ■ 

ir.j,a,hurg, R.i.i..n.«."erCo P. TUg entirc ordcr contained 27 mimeographed pages, as it was 

li.^.^^TJ:^Lt;t.'*R.«rN'e:-^"inipossible to include the entire order in the Rkv.ew we have omitted 
K^M-.i'*' s R n K tc D. those parts of it with which Philadelphia producers are not concerned 

^:K.?„7crMe.^..rrHu'!.,ll.o'^c^^^^^^ have also omitted the twelve pages covering retail and 

Chester H. Gro.». Manchester. York Co.. Pi *■ ^\ ^Ko..„«.rl Kv/ rlo^lprs and SUch Other SCCtlOnS and para- 

J.W.Keith. Centerville. Queen Anne. Co., Md vhoCSalc prices charged by dtaitrs anu mii.ii "J^"-' „f UrJ»,;tv 

"■"■"•''" ich are of concern mainly to dealers. For the sake of brevity. 

Oliver C. Kandis. Perkasie. Bucks Co., P». . i 

A. R. Marvel. Easton, Talbot Co.. Md. |raph8W...- ^^,i^\r^ ^rUnnx 

Wm. G. Mendenhali. Downingtown, Cham Summary has bccn prepared ot a tew certain sections 
I. vl'otto.'CaiiiHie. R.D..Cumi«rland Co, Pi maries are enclosed in parenthesis, ( ). 

Philip Price. West Chester. R. ), Chester 0> 

I u'^i B I w .. i. R 1 P r«i ' Terrilorial Scope Kxcept as to 

John S. Reisler, Nottingham. R. 3. Pa.. Ua , U „>..»_,l tr^ unnlv unlr-lv 

Co. Md. provisions which are stated to apply soiciy 

Alljert Sarig. Bowers. Berks Co . Pa. to named areas, or from which named 

f're«lerick Shangle, Trenton. R. I).. Mercer Co. j^^^^j ^^^ specillcally excepted. this 

Il.Vstewart. Alexandria. Huntingdon U Official General Order shall apply every- 
Pa. where within the Commonwealth ol 

M_ L Stitt Spruce HjU. Juniata Co P.. Pennsylvania. 

John Carvel Sutton. Kennedyville, Kent to ■' ■ i r »i 

Md It shall also apply outside ol the 

S. U Trouiman. Bedford. R. 2, Badford Co Q,„,n,onwealth of Pennsylvania in all 

All such sum- 

R i'tu.wv, I loUidaysburg, R. i. Blair Co.. Pi CHiCB provide*! by Act 37 

Aiher B. Waddington, Woodstown. Salem Co. 

N. J. 
n H Welty, Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pi 
I P. Willits. Ward. Delaware Co.. Pa. 

Executive Committee 
B. H. Welty. Chairman 
E. H. Donovan Ivo V. Otto 

J. W. Keith Krederick ShangU 

A. R. Marvel R. I. Tussey 

Win. C.. Mendenhali F. P. Willits 

2. Definilions. As used in this Official 
General Order, the following terms shall 
have the following meanin)»s: 

Philadelphia Milk Marketing Area 
Includes the counties of Philadelphia: 
Bucks; Delaware: MonlKomcry: and all 
.townships in Chester lying east of the 
following named townships: f-ranklm. 
Highland. Honey Brook, London Britain, 
""Londonderry, New London, Penn, Sads- 
bury, and West Cain. 

(Separate marketins; areas are also 

certain soft and foreign type cheese which 
will not be enumerated here.) 

Class 2C Milk Includes all milk 
utilize<l in the manufacture of larmers 
Pressed Cheese or Cream Cheese. 

Class i Milk Includes all milk utilized 
in the manufacture of butter, if ultimately 
soil! as butter. 

Class 3 A Milk Includes all milk that 
is manufactured into American Cheese. 

Skim Milk Includes whole milk fron. 
which the cream has been separated and 
which docs not contain more than one- 
half of one percent butterfat. 

Grade A Milk Includes all milk which 
conforms in c|uality and is producedl in 
accordance with .Section 4 of Act 4^M 
approve.] May 2. 1919, and the Rules and 
Regulations promulgated by the depart- 
ment of I lealth of the Commonwealth ol 
Pennsylvania pursuant thereto. 

one-tenth percent added tor mil 
testing above 3 5% butterfat content 
and deducted for milk testing under Vi^ 
butterfat content. 

Class 3 Milk T»ie butterfat content of 
the milk or cream, in pounds, multiplied 
by the average price ol New York Butter, 
This price shall not apply to sour cream 
purchased as such from producers and 
ultimately used in the manufacture ol 

butter. . . I I 

Class 3A Milk (The price is determine.! 
according to a formula which considers 
both the cheese yield of milk of varying 
tests and the month's cheese price at 
certain specihcl markets It is the same 
over the entire state.) 

Transportation Charges 

agricultural as,sociHtion on behalf of 
producers, shall be made in cash or by 
check not later than the 20th day of each 
month for all milk delivered during _the 
preceding month This paymeiii siiall be 
accompanied by a statement showing 
the producers' basic quantity, the total 
amount of milk received, the amount 
utilized in each class, the price paid for 
each class, the percentage of butterfat. 
and the nature and amount of all deduc- 
tions made. 

How Dealers Will Pay 

24. Basis of Determining Payment to 
Producers ' Payment shall be based upon 
a utilization basis of the aggregate of 
milk received, subject to the established 
basic quantity of producers as set forth 
in .Section 32. at the plant or receivmg 
station for all producers during the period 
covered by the payment, except that 
after written permission has been received 
from, or notice has been served by. the 
Milk Control Board authorizing or 
directing such action, the milk dealer 
shall base payment upon the aggregate 
utilization basis of the milk received at 
■several plants or receiving stations which 
are operated together for marketing 
puriKises. or mike such other special 
provisions as were authorized or directed. 
25. Utilization of Milk Purchased Both 
from Producers and from Milk Dealers 
In the case of any milk dealer who buys 
milk both from producers and from other 
milk de.lcrs, it shall be considered that 
all milk marketed or utilized as Class I 
Milk '« '^'e "^'^^ purchased from the 
producers, to the full amount available 
for this purpose. Likewise, in each 
successive class, the milk purchase^ from 
producers shall, insofar as available, be 
considered in the highest class in which 
the dealer utilizes any milk. 1 lowever. 
written permi.ssion may be secured from 
the Milk Control Board to give preference 
in this regard to certain purchases from 
other milk dealers, when, in the opinion 
of the Milk C^ontrol Board, such prefer- 
ence is justifiable. , ,, „ , , , ,• 
26 Utilization of Milk Purchased both 
Within and Without Pennsylvania Milk 

Statement of the ownership, management.* , j. ■ , , , _. , ■• , ,0 ^ „ 

culation, etc., required by the Act of Congrsn • dehned for the Pittsburgh and Scranton 

March }. I9H, of Inter-State Milk Produce gg,.jio„g \ 

Review, published monthly at West ChssK ,, , „ ., 1 

Pennsylvania, for October I. 1'>14, Ntw York Butter Means the average 

1. That the names and addresses of the P«^ price per pound of 92 BCOre butter at 

'±".e,:':'r"eV p'CbhX^'-l^^s'tat'e" MilkT v'holesale in the New York Market as 
ducers' Assoc.. Philadelphia, Pa.: liditor-H. ^ reported by the United btates IJepart- 
UmiHon. Philailrlphia. Pa.; Business Manaftr- men t of Agriculture for the month during 

Fl. K. Jamiaun, Philadelphia, Pa. .... 

2. That the owner is: (If owned by a corpoj* 
tion. iu name and address must be stated and ti* 
iinmedialely thereunder the names and addrt* f 1.-.. ( IVyl'llr 

more of total amount of stock. 

stion, the names and adflresses of tas >'' 

Philadelphia Prices 



which the milk is purchased. 

of stockholders owning or hfilding one per cent* 

If not owned bji 
coriK>raiion, me names ana addresses of th* • Ont. / Ajf.-IL /!_„). .^«.. ..II millt »iin- 
dividu.l owner, must be given. I f own«<l by a S* ^'a« / Milk (Includes all milk sup 
company, or other unincorporated concern, ij posedly purchased With the intention Ot 
nime and address, as well as those of each '"'■!"?? Its being utilized as raw or pasteurized 
Udl member, must be given.) Inter-State M»' jii 1 _„„i , »u fl .mr^A millr or 

Pro,lucer.- Assoc.. 2I<> N. Broad Street. Ph.l.^ , '"'"'• chocolate or Other flavored milk, or 
phia. Pa.: B. H Welty. Pres.. Waynesboro. ^ I "eam buttermilk ) 
Bo« 1S7; I. Ralph /oilers, Mxec. Secy. " '" 

Pa.; A. I<. Marvel. Vice-Pres.. Kaston , , l 1 • 1 • . 

twining, treasurer, Newtown Pa,; Kred«n» I which 18 derived sweet or sour cream to 
.Shangle, Trenton, N.J.. R. 1^ Wm. G. Mendenh* | be sold for human consumption as sweet 

Of sour cream respectively. 

'.:^rm C'-s 2 Milk 
,.; Kredenai which IS derived 

Includes all milk from 

Downingtown, Pa.: Frank P. Willits, Ward. P* 
M. H. Donovan. .Smyrna, Del., R. D.; R. I. Tiiii* 
Hollidaysburg. Pa.. R. F. D.: I. V. Otto, Carfi* 
Pa , R. 6; J. W. Keith, Centreville, Md. 

i. That the known bondholders, mortgal* 
and other security holders owning or '^*'**'*^, 
l>cr cent or more of total amount ol bonds. **\ I 
gages, or other securities are: (If there are D^ | 
•o state.) None. 


Lditor tt Business ^•'fC| 

Sworn to and subs'.rilied before me this 'f"^! 
o( October. V)U. A. I". WALSH. Notary P»"» I 
My Commiaaion expire* March 5. 1937. 

Qojj 2 A Ml/it Includes all milk 
utilized in the manufacture of milk 
wocolate. candy, and confectioneries 

C/oM 2B Milk (Includes all milk 
utilized in the manufacture of ice cream, 
homogenized mintures, soups or condensed 
W concentrated whole milk sold in .sealed 
'"^ntainers. powdered whole milk, and 

4. Minimum Prices to ^'/"''''f'^''' . ,, 
Milk to he Sold in Philadelphia Milk 
Marketing Area The following shall be 
the minimum prices charged by or paid to 
producers for Crude B Milk ^o\A to milk 
dealers to be resold in the Philadelphia 
Milk Marketing Area: 

Class I Milk (a) $2.60 per hundred 
pounds, f. o. b. milk dealer's processing 
and or bottling plant, in the case of a 
producer, or a group of producers who 
deliver their milk direct to the milk 
dealers processing and/or bottling F>lant. 
(1.) In the case of a producer, or a Kroiip 
of producers, who do not deliver their milk 
to a milk dealer's processing and or 
bottling plant, but who deliver their milk 
to a country receiving station, prices shall 
be f. o. b. such country receiving station 
and shall be computed as follows, depend- 
ing upon the distance of such receiving 
station from City Hall, Philadelphia, 
computed according to railroad mileage: 

(The official order lists each lO-mile 
zone but where the price applying to 
adjacent zones is irlcntical such zones 
have been combined here ) 

Cost of Transportation Classes 2, 2A. 
2B 3 iA The above minimum prices 
for"cia.sses 2, 2A. 2B. 3. JA Milk shall be 
f o b. milk dealer's country receiving 
station or manufacturing plant nearest 
the producer's farm If the milk dealer 
has no country receiving station or manu- 
facturing plant, then the prices shall l>e 
f o b loading platform or shipping point 
nearest the producer's farm; in such case, 
the milk dealer shall pay the cost of 
transportation from such loading platform 
or shipping point to the destination 

6 (This section refers to requirements 
for Grade A milk and minimum prices to 
producers for such milk. Its provisions 
are essentially the same as those contained 
in order No. 8 as regards butterfat 
premiums which remain at 3 cents per 
one-half of one-tenth percent and bacterisl 
bonuses which have not ^^n changed ) 

9 Wholesale and Retail Huid Milk 
and Buttermilk Prices to *« ^''°''«'^°. *« 
Milk Dealers in the Philadelphia Milk 
Marketing Area (These prices have not 
been changed from previous orders, re- 
maining at I I cents a quart retail for 
grade B milk and 14 cents for grade A 

""'13 Wholesale and Retail Cream Prices 
to be Charged by Milk Dealers in the 
Philadelphia Milk Marketing Area: ( I he 
prices enumerated in this section are 
slightly lower than had prevailed pre- 
viously. The retail price of a quart ot 
light cream is now $.35 instead of $.4U, a 
pint is $.20 instead of $.23 and a half 
$ 12 instead of $.13. Similar 
de on the retail 

pint IS 

price reductions were made 

prices of medium and heavy cream and 

on the wholesale prices of cream^) 

18. Minimum Retail Price for hluid 
Milk Sold at Farm in Consumers Lon- 
tainers. Any producer may sell at the 
farm milk produced from his own herd 
and supplied in the purchaser s container, 
at $.02 per quart lielow tl.e minimum 
retail price fixed by this Order for the 
particular marketing area. . 

23 Terms of Payment. Payment m 
full to the producers, or to a cooperative 

In the case of any milk dealers who 
buy milk from approved sources in the 
Pennsylvania Milk Area, and also rnilk 
from approved sources elsewhere, it shall 
be considered that all milk marketed or 
utilized within the State as (-'a" ' «' 
Class 2 Milk is the milk from the Penn- 
sylvania Milk Area, to the full amount 
available therefrom F^or the P"/P08cs ot 
this section, the Pennsylvania Milk Area, 
shall be construed to include only P'a"t» 
locate.! in Pennsylvania, Delaware. Mary- 
land, New Jersey. New York Ohio and 
West Virginia, and approved for Penn- 
sylvania tlui.l milk supply by the Bureau 
of Sanitition of the Department ot 
Health of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania. , „, 

In each successive Class below Classes 
I and 2. the milk purchased from producers 
in Pennsylvania. Delaware. New Jersey, 
and New York, shall, insofar as available, 
be considered in the highest Class (below 
Classes 1 and 2) in which the milk dealer 
utilizes milk . 

The above rules shall apply except in 
such cases as the Milk Control Board by 
prior written speciil order grants author- 
ity to any milk dealer to do otherwise. 

Rules of Fair Play 

29 Trade Practices The trade prac- 
tices as outlined below shall apply to all 
milk dealers: 

(c) No distributor shall return any 
milk to a producer for any cause, except 
milk is of inferior .piality. and 
all cases the returned milk shall be 
accompanied by a certificate setting forth 
the reasons for which the milk was re- 
turned signed by a license.! tester or 

ite his 

that the 

inspector. _;„„» 

(d) No distributor shall terminal 

purchasing agreement with 
by giving such 
(7) days written 


any producer except 
producer at least seven ,. , ,. ^„„( 

notice before the termination thereol. 
giving reasons for such terrnmation. ex- 
cept where a contract providing a longer 
period of time exists. 

(Continued on Page 9) 








Home and Community 

aving Christmas 
oney On a Farm 

Lnah McK. Lyons, M.D. 

"The time has come for the establishing of a new branch 
of public education in America. It is no longer enough 
that we teach children. It is not enough that we l^^dmany^ 
of our 

of learntiigf >*>«•• ....■., ^...— -. " . .• t / 

needs for proper living cannot be won tn the years before 
twenty-one. Our scheme of government and of life can 
succeed only if in their more mature years, men and women 
will engage in careful, enthusiastic and guided study of 
common values, common dangers, common opportunities. 

— Alexander Meiklejohn, University of Wisconsin. 

Money Can't Buy 

A Better Food Than Milk 

One of my P"*" 

_,J Kriatit HDOtS 18 

I"bouriuet of the 
"trailing coleus 
which will give 
rjleasure all win- 
ter Recently a 
friend gave it say- 
ing, "the coriier ot 
our lawn '• " 
l)eauly spot and I 
have broken it »o 
much but It •till 
the sunshine, 


Wives and brightens m 

„ POU each - th a^half do^^,^ 

Vr plan'- ., ',^' . .Uen another of th 

y one would ^!:^ve;^n^a-'^^^^,^^ 

Don't Overcook Vegetables 

(Paste this timetable in the back of your cookbook) 



Beans, green 
BeeU (young) 
Brussels sprouts 
Cabbage, green 
Cabbage, white 
Cabbage, red 


Onions, white 

Onions, yellow 



Potatoes, Irish 

Potatoes, sweet 



Squash (Hubbard) 

(for 4 servings) 
2'/2 small bunches 

J quart 

5 medium sized 
% of qt. box 

I medium head 
}4 medium head 
V* head 

I I small 

1 medium head 

6 medium sized 
6 medium sized 
3 medium sized 

2 qts. (shelled 2Vi cups) 

3 medium sized 
3 medium sized 
^ of 1 medium 


\ of I II" diameter 

3 medium sized 


3 cups 

4 " 

4 " 

5 " 
8 •• 
5 " 










• • 


• • 






• • 


• • 


• • 




• • 

Time to 
5- 10 minutes 

20-25 " 

30-35 " 

40-60 •• 

9-10 " 

6- 8 " 

8- 9 " 

20-25 •• 

20-25 •• 

30-40 " 

8-10 •• 

25-35 '• 
20-25 '• 
25-30 " 
20-30 " 
25-30 " 
15-25 •• 
25-30 " 
4- 5 •• 
20-25 " 

Turnips, white 

Cook vegetables until they are tender but still a little crisp. 

Refuge For Migrant Birds 

Wild ducks and geese winging northward in the Spring along the Atlantic flight- 
way have had a way station added to the route where they may rest and feed or build 
a home safe from booming guns and four-footed enemies. The new sanctuary, estab- 
lished by an executive order of President Roosevelt will be known as the Killcohook 
Migratory Bird Refuge. 

The area embraces 1440 acres, nearly surrounding the historic hort Mott Military 
Reservation and the adjacent Finns Point National Cemetery, both of which are in 
Salem County, New Jersey. The refuge, however, by reason of the State boundary 
recently established by a United States Supreme Court decision, is in Salem County, 
New Jersey, and New Castle County, Delaware. 

The establishment of the refuge, which are led by seasoned veterans familiar with 

is only ten miles from Pennsgrove and 
six miles from Salem, resulted from co- 
operation between the Department of 
Agriculture and the War Department. 
Both the land and water areas were 
acquired by the War Department several 
years ago to be used as a place to deposit 
soil being dredged from the channel of 

the Delaware River. 

Within the sanctuary it will be unlawful 
to hunt, trap, capture, willfully disturb 
or kill any wild animals or birds of any 
kind whatever, or to take or destroy the 
nests or eggs of any bird, or to occupy 
or use any part of the reservation, or to 
enter it for any purpose except under such 
rules and regulations as may be prescribed 
by the Secretary of Agriculture. There 
are also heavy penalties for cutting timber 
and starting fires in or adjacent to the 

Ducks are quick to understand and 
take advantage of friendly hospitality, 
and already hundreds of pintails, black 
ducks, golden eyes and scaups have 
dropped off for a brief 8tay._ 

No mad disordered rush is this migra- 
tion. All is system and order. The 
wedge-shaped flocks and wavering lines 

Ikht-green variety: 
Se plain-green leaf. 


this and 


Ira V. Hiscock 

Professor of Public Health, Yale School of Medicine 

What girl could not do t. ^^.^^ ^^ 
An adequate supply of milk is the first essential in planninj^ 'Tb''i'nM of'heT own. Y«, you have 
food needs of a family. Of particular importance is this question jj^^*'] ^^J*',^ them with your neighbors 
of economic pressure. When every dollar mur^d you still will but wi 

ing these times of economic pressure. 


the limit and a balanced diet is challenged, milk helps the thrifty h(jj^^ ^j^^j^^ „„„ 

ioon find you are getting 

courage you 
a sale for 


wife to meet her budget and helps to maintain normal growth for chilt ^ group of ^^''^^j ""'Jlfry^mt^restTng 
The significance of diet to the health of the individual, especially Jtemooii soon o^J" ^^«^.^^ money for 

oi^ii. ••>,». i^'- X,. -..~v — - 'fcpic was that of earning , ,-• / i 

hild, has become fully appreciated with the development of moochHstmas There were the "»"«' °*"^„"j 

research in nutrition. Curtailment of children's diets in ^""^•"^^y^o^li aTy whe^t^^^^^^ 
countries during the World War was followed by outbreaks of di«iternoon surprised the group by exlcami: 

... I r "nu i»'« rasv II you live on n ia»"i. 

But serious undernutrition may result even «kg. OJ^'' • /^^ ^^-^^ ...asy" m the 

M« Jri; from the.Jarms wa.^P^c.ured^ 

deficiency diseases. 

such deficiency diseases do not threaten. The American „o„ey..,.„ ..„ - ^^^^ ■^^ 

Association points out that. "Prolonged and general underfeedingsin their faces, for they were a ar^^ ^^.^^ 

'^ - - - ■ .jnade me want to gei » nvnc 

often be more insidious in its effect than are specific inadequaci«;^"*^^j^iti, an assurance bom of 
result in such diseases as scurvy, rickets, and pellagra." Under fold of "how ' 
most favorable circumstances, a wise selection of food and the Pf^jni^g^hem with dri".^* 
feeding of a family requires knowledge and skill 



all the dangers of the route. The leaders 
are implicitly obeyed by the younger birds. 

It is these leaders which soon learn the 
location of refuges, where rest and food 
may be safely taken. Year after year they 
bring their charges to protected areas. 

The Killcohook Migratory Bird Refuge 
is the eighteenth to be established in the 
United States and is the fifth link in the 
chain along the Atlantic seaboard. 

' — From the Inqutrtr. 

Select materials with a color-fast guar- 
antee for children's dresses. Small prints 
and plaids look fresh longer than plain 
materials, which show every spot and 

Rubber rings for fruit jars should be 
new each year. Rinse them in boiling 
water before using, to remove the surface 
powder which may give an unpleasant 

Substitute whole wheat flour for half of 
the white flour in biscuits, and get a new 
flavor as delicious as it is wholesome. 

But when every dollar must bring the 
greatest return in nourishment and 
satisfaction, the task becomes more 
difficult. In the economic crisis, with its 
resulting reduction in income and employ- 
ment, the problem of obtaining an ade- 
quate diet at a minimum cost has become 
universal. The U. S. Government Bureaus 
took the initiative early in the depression 
period in pointing to the necessity of 
spending the "food dollar"' properly if it 
were to protect the health of citizens. 
Other agencies rapidly followed in the 
crusade for adequate diets and sounded a 
warning to nutrition leaders of the conse- 
quence of relaxing their vigilance in 
maintaining dietary standards. From 
the first, these agencies urged that food 
money be spent for food that would "fc^d 
not merely "fill" and that the so-called 
"protective" foods milk, fruit, vegetables 
and eggs be accorded their rightful place 
in the emergency diet. 

Milk an Essential 

There is universal agreement that the 
nutritional needs of people are best served 
when adequate amounts of milk are used. 
They agree that when the food fund is 
reduced to a minimum, milk should still be 
regarded as a necessity. "Milk does more 
for the body than any other food, and 
does it more cheaply. It safeguards the 
low-cost diet for children and adult.s." 
"Milk is both the cheapest and surest 
protection from the nutritional deficiencies 
which open the way to diseases and life- 
long injuries to health, happiness and 
working efficiency." Cows' milk contains 
the essential food elements in a form which 
is easily assimilated. It is a most suitable 
food for consumption by man and indis- 
pensable in.the diet of infants and invalids. 
Careful studies of the relative merits of 
artificial and breast feeding for infants 
indicate the superiority of the latter. 
Breast feeding should be encouraged 
whenever possible. For infants who for 

and rosemary 
linch of salt. 

dearest little sachet bags. 

crushed violet, rose. 

leaves and just 

The bags are 

ors; pink, pale 

properly modified aC;;;n. "iavender. sky-blue, etc The ma^ 

e'most popular. pJInal "-- and > ^^^-^^ [^^.^'^rtyTeTs 
.11 ■ ■ 1. LI from wholesale milliners, i h^"- ". f ■ 

more, milk is an indispensable P«rti>T ^ ^^^ „( ^^^ tj^y bags sewed to eight-inch 
diet of mothers who are carryincy^gj^g ^f Jainty baby _ ribbon, then all 

Milk and its products, 
cheese, buttermilk, and 

L L i_tlie tiniest pinch ot salt, 
one reason or another cannot be »^aJe of the daintiest col 
fed, however ' • - . - 

milk remains the most pmpular 

,4rom wn 

lor si) 

lengths _. - . 

nursing babies, and of young childra tied together at the ends forming 

MHW .„ Eco„.„.ic.. F„,K. ^1 c^-J.^" J3J^, r„:i-— iVv"^; 

the warning of nutritionists that us . , 

feeding is a health hazard, and ditwf "Every year I set out two or three 

ing the unsound advice that mii. hundred tea rose cuttings, and at Christ- 

■■•'-•^-■■- ••■" >rr r"": s.;t;,Lv''^wo;i:^./---;t^ 

milk cannot be considered a luxury* »• ..j^^ j^^^ ^^^^ j^^ ^as just full ot 
it yields a greater return in food es young plants. These taken out andjwtted 
tials. for money expended, than anyot in tiny pots proved very easily »°'«' 

food. On the contrary, they regard "But my very l-^^*^^/ j;„\:5%P poi 

ley. Every house-mother wanicu » w 
a wise investment for the present' ^^^^ ^ ^^^^j^^ ^^^ j^^ ^^„ k-tchen win- 
future well-being of their fellow citim j^^ Jhe thrifty green curly leaf looks 

butter, cm well, and in addition it lends value to the 

;-- rreii »o"P Itet'le a"^ stew-pot. r-i • . 

.S "About (our or six weeks before Christ- 
constitute the most important «rt«* ^^^ , ^^^^ ^^^^ pounds of delicious fruit 
human food. . cake and sell it at fifty cents a pound. I he 

delicious spicy mince meat finds ready 
A buyers at good prices All the cream and 

^ eggs 1 care to sell go at fair prices; while 

hickory nuts and walnuts gathered m the 
1 fall as well as pickle and chili sauce all go 
at this season; while my jelly and jam 
closet has a great run , 

"Just shortly before the important day 
1 bake large numbers of mince pies, 
doughnuts, cookies and plum puddings. 
These all sell to those who can afford to 
pay a good price. . , , 

"And I find after Christmas all is »old 
out and in return I have a generous bank 
account for my work and materials. 
Earning money at home is one of the 
easiest things in the world if a girl happens 
to live on a farm" , 

1 had been listening; not one page or 
turned. I 8lipp«| 
until I 


There are many ways in which W* 
produced honey can be used in p'"* 
sugar. It offers a pleasant varietj 
flavor and is a wholesome sweet. ^ 
recipes write for the following ''**,vj 
tins:— "Honey — Its Use in C<'*''f 
Bulletin 99. New jersey College of « 
culture. New Brunswick, New JertC' 
"Honey and Its Uses in the Ho* 
Farmers Bulletin 633. U. S. Depart* 
of Agriculture, Washington. D. C 

my book had been 

quietly from the room, but not 

had noticed that the look of doubt was 

entirely gone from the faces and one ot real 

interest had taken its place. They were 

learning — 

"That you in your corner 
And 1 in mine — 
could do the things we most desired, were 
we willing to put thought, energy and 
time in to doing. 


TU«ra i« much for you in the 
coming Annual Meeting . . • 

„e,day and Wednesday, November 20th and 21st 

BRoAinvooi) iiori-.i., i'iiii.aiji;li-hia 
Two Days «f Informotion ond Inspiration 



A Special Prosra.n f..r the \\^.men 

«What Port Have We as Wo.en in the Cooperative Movement? 

NOON" From 12 to 2 OTiock 

* Inter-State* Luncheon 

Served in a Special Dining Room for men and women 
(Prices, v^5c and 50c) 

AKTKRNOON 2 ()'(t.ock 
Important Session of the Association 

Addresses and Discussion o\ Dairy and Home Interests 

I.\,llowinK the Afternoon Session 

A Get-Acquainted Hour 

r »i I Mr-ils t(. see what milk looks like thrcu^h 

An<,pportunitvto.etac,t.inteawi^f;^^- milk an. .emon- 

the microscope - to ^J^:)tZ<T^^<-^-^ with nulk. and other exhibits. 


«lnter-State» Annual Banquet 

, entertainment -«o.,.l fell<.wship t., .onn<l out a full day 
Good music -RocKl e"tertamme.U ^.^^^ ^^^^_^ ^^^^ , ^,^^^^^^,, 

Educational Session 

More About Producing, Marketing and Consuming Milk 

ISmllies towards common goals bette ^^^.^^ 

r^n^ral Information 

person. On Tuesthiy morning 




L -tt 


Seeking Facts On Feeds 

Milk producers are paying close 
attention to feeding problems this 
fall, judging by reports from county 
aeents and agricultural colleges. 
High feed prices is the chief cause 
of this, it is believed. 

Some producers in the milk shed, 
esp>ecially those between the moun- 
tain ranges, have suffered from dry 
weather with its short crops. They, 
especially, are finding it good 
business to use every available 
source of reliable information on 
how to feed their herds to best 

Most other producers find it 
advisable to buy some feed to 
supplement their home grown sup- 
plies. Intelligent feeding requires 
a balanced ration and as every farm 
has a different problem as to kinds 
and relative amounts of feeds on 
hand the best solution for one farm 
may not apply to all other farms 
in the neighborhood. 

It is because of this difference of 
farm conditions that every Inter- 
State member who has a feeding 
problem he wants solved is urged 
to go to his county agent or write 
to the dairy department of his 
agricultural college for advice and 
suggestions which will be unbiased. 
Many feed dealers are also capable 
of giving sound advice while other 
dealers are interested only in selling 
feed, their respective attitudes 
depending on each dealer's ability 
and reputation. 

It is believed also that many 
milk producers are giving closer 
attention to proper feeding as one 
way of beating the depression. 
More and more of them are realiz- 
ing that the depression is the real 
reason why milk prices are not 
what they were five or six years 
ago. They are aware that cutting 
the cost of producing^milk is even 
a better method, in certain re- 
8p>ects, of making a profit than to 
increase the price. Any profit a 
producer makes by cutting costs 
is all his own. It does not reduce 
sales nor stimulate everybody's 
production^as^^a price increase so 
often does. 

Dairy specialists at our^Agricul- 
tural colleges are urging dairymen 






MIL K ^''PP^ COWS are 
■''■"■■ qt ickly, thorough-^ 
ly cleaned by wiping with 
damp cl<ith. TliisexccUenl,' 
c .nplelely self-contained elec- 
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inside the handle. Clips cows, 
horses, mules. Clips fast. Easy- ^| ■■«■■■ Mvm 
tr>-uac. Ball-bearing. Complete vLIPMASTER 
wilh2D-ft. rubber covered cord with Univeraai Motor 
and unbreakable socket plug. Stewart hand power 
No. 1 Clipper only $12.50. At your dealers or send 
$2.00. Pay balance on arrival. Send for free complete 
Stewart catalog of clipping and shearing machines. 
Made and guaranteed by Chicago Flexible Shaft 
Company, 5649 Roosevelt Road, Chicago, U. S. A. 
44 Years Making Quality Products. 



.^^.RLIER GRASS! ,^ 


everywhere who are faced with a 
short feed supply to cut down the 
size of the herd by getting rid of 
the poorest producers or any dis- 
eased cows. I hey go further and 
explain that fewer cows projjerly 
fed will return a far better profit 
to their owners than will the same 
feed stretched out over more cows 
with none of them getting enough. 

Pennsylvania 4-H Clubs 

A 1 3 f>ercent increase in 4-H 
club members is indicated by re- 
ports received at the state club 
office at the Pennsylvania State 
College. Last year there were 
14,400 different boys and girls in 
club work in Pennsylvania, while 
this year the total is estimated at 

Enrollment this year is double 
that of 1928 and is equivalent to 
one club member for every 12 
farms in the state. A. L. Baker, 
state club leader, believes that the 
growth in club membership is 
evidence of the contribution that 
club work is making to rural life. 

Baker reports that six objectives 
are emphasized in the current club 
projects. These are: high unit 
yields, low unit cost of production, 
greatest possible margin of profit, 
conservation of food and fabrics, 
economic procedure in marketing, 
and adequate balance of social 
activities with educational and 
economic factors. 

Growing Bull Needs 
Good Feed and Care 

Next in importance to the selec- 
tion of a herd sire on the basis of 
prepotency for high production is 
the feed and care of the animal 
while growing and developing, says 
J. W. Bartlett, professor of dairy 
husbandry at the New Jersey 
College of Agriculture. 

Tyf>e, vigor and size all contri- 
bute to the value of a sire. Al- 
though type is inherited it is 
greatly influenced by proF>er feed- 
ing. Vigor and size are dependent 
largely on proper feeding and care. 

Professor Bartlett suggests that 
where a surplus of milk is available 
the milk from the lowest testing 
cows be utilized in feeding the 
growing bull calf and also other 
calves in the herd. 

Sterilize Milk Pails With 
Low Pressure Steam 

A low pressure steam sterilizer 
which can be used for milking pails 
on the dairy farm has been de- 
signed by J. E. Nicholas, of the 
agricultural engineering department 
of the Pennsylvania State College. 

Milking pails can be sterilized 
at 215 degrees Fahrenheit for any 
desired length of time in this equip- 
ment. Heating the utensils up to 
this temF>erature might be consid- 
ered as sufficient, because after the 
heating is turned off the tempera- 
ture remains above 180 degrees for 
a long time. 

This low pressure steam sterilizer 

can be heated on a gas, coal, oil, 
wood, or electric stove. Experi- 
mental evidence showed that by 
using one quart of water, four milk- 
ing pails attained 215 degrees 
Fahrenheit on a gas-heated stove 
in less than 15 minutes. Nicholas 
says, however, that a pint ot water 
is enough for one operation. 

Scalding dairy utensils with hot 
water is the least acceptable, and 
certainly far short of being a 
satisfactory method of sterilizing 
milking pails or any other dairy 
utensils, Nicholas says. Boiling 
milking pails in an open and un- 
insulated container will not pro- 
duce the required high temperature 
necessary for sterilization either. 
Even a cover over the container 
does not assume that the tempera- 
ture near the top, or around the lid 
where the apparent escape of steam 
takes places, is sufficiently high for 

When a steam pressure as low as 
I to 3 pounds per square inch is 
available, the temperature is prac- 
tically uniform and ranges from 
210 to 215 degrees even if the con- 
tainer is uninsulated and the heat 
is supplied by only one burner of 
a kerosene stove. The sterilizer 
designed by Nicholas provides these 

Milk Month In New York 

October is milk month in New 
York State. Governor Lehman 
issued a proclamation to that effect 
in mid-September and called upon 
every interested agency to do 
everything in their power to in- 
crease the consumption of fluid 
milk by the citizens of that state. 

Among public men who endorsed 
this campaign was Major General 
William D. Connor, superintendent 
of the Military Academy at West 
Point. He called attention to the 
liberal use of milk at that great 
institution and connected it with 
the excellent health record of the 

High state officials, civic leaders, 
educators and many others in 
addition to those engaged in the 
dairy business arc working for the 
success of the enterprise. 

Keep Cows Clean 

Winter weather simplifies certain 
problems that producers must face 
in the production of high quality 
milk. But it has other problems of 
its own. 

Keeping the cows clean is one of 
our winter jobs and without clean 
cows it is doubly hard to keep sedi- 
ment out of milk. Absolutely clean 
surroundings is the first essential. 
Even then there is the danger of 
chaff or other dirt clinging to the 
hair on udders and flanks, then 
dropping into the milk. 

Straining, of course, will remove 
much of the foreign matter. But 
the only safe method is to keep 
such substances out of«*he milk. 
Some of it will dissolve and some 
may be so fine as not to strain out. 

Clipping the flanks and udders of 
the milking cows will remove the 
hair to which much of this dirt 
clings, and which later may drop 
into the milk while milking. This 

rnTt^'ra^tofhrini Rules Set by Board 

the milk pail. y 

Washing the udder and flitnu«d from ?•«« *> 

in the same market as 

made much easier if the 
clipped short. With short hi 

■ ' udd 


possible to wipe „v.uti 

Hanks dry, thus reducing tk 
ger of chilling during cold wt 
Some dairymen prefer to 

J „, «liall terminate Ins 

^^° ''^" aieement any 

lact or «•="'"«. /giving such distri- 
Ihutor except by giv^ «^^^. ^^i,^^^ 

' *' ("f t"e'"termmat.on thereof, 
r ^ Is or such termination, ex- 
llhTe " co"^^act« a longer 
1 of time exists. 

further in keeping their co>vjj 
by clipping the entire body.L 
stimulates a new growth o(w Basics 

helps keep the coat in ikZ <:„,,, Quarxiily ^'ortlrol for f'hiloJel- 
condition and is a great | Jf,/^ MarkeU.^ ^^^^^^^^^ 

~' " S^:.lkfol^ea;h producer shall be the 
er(|uantity of: 

and is a 

producing high class milk. 


SBr(jUantityoi: ,n,antity as 

) ""/bX previous Orders of the 
'S^TniaWW Control Board; or 
3.,isylvania ivi''"' , ^ averaRe 

Readers' Letters^iS^MScKf^i^d; - 

'Tl/ Af ;^4"'" '""^ •'''""' 

' '^/rtesen total basic quanti- 
.ould.the ?'«=«*.■:'_„;„„ JO anv milk 


Milk Producers' Review 
i fail the reprint article by Dr. 

in the Revikw. The thoughts exj^ouiu <■••" > ii- 

so understandingly are those I havjof all producers selling 

thinking more than a year but of 

could not put them in an exposition 

that. It.s vital to the orgunizatioe 

month is too long between issues !. 

a paper, some statement should f| 

weekly. Such an expenditure I aitf 

would soon return its cost 


,lealer be increased by this method, then 
the new basic ..uant.ty for each producer 
shall be reduced by the same percentage 
0,at the milk dealers total basic .,u.n^ 

titles have Deen iin,ic««<»«.>. -^j . , 

Sod. so that the total basic 
of all pro<lucers selhng to any milk 
dealer shall not be increased hereby. 

i2 AJJitional Ku/c, on Sale, Quar^hty 
Control Everywhere in ^'^'''"«'';""'" ,„:,k 
producer who has been selling fluid milk 
(or a period less than six months rnay be 
assigned a basic <|uantity e<iual to the 
Tefage monthly production, compu ed 
on a daily basis, (or such time as he has 
been a pro.lucer. subject to the approval 
of the Milk Control Board_ 

(a) A protluccr with a base, as deter- 
mined above, who buys a <-- "^ -^- 
rents a (arm as a tenant may ^e'" " '''« 
|, at his new location provided that he 
sells his milk in the same market as 

'"(b)"A''tenant with an established base 
renting a (arm. may transfer his 'nd'V'd""' 
base from farm to farm provided that he 

sells his milk 

(t) A landlord, who rents on shares, is 
entitled to the entire base to the exclusion 
of the tenant, if the landlord owns the 
entire herd on such farrns. If the cattle 
Le jointly owned, whether in a landlord 
and tenant relationship or otherwise, the 
base will be divided between the joint 
„.,.„„'? "'■rording to the ownership of the 

Combining Basics 

(d) The separate bases of any landlord 
and his tenant or tenants may be com- 
bined and handled as a single base, and 
when the landlord and tenant or U^^r^^ 
separate, the combined bases shall be 
divided according to the proportion ot 
the division of the herd. 

(c) Any producer who shall voluntarily 
cease to market milk for a ,>eriod of more 
than forty-five (45) consecutive days 
shall forfeit his base In the even he 
resumes production, thereafter he shall 
be treated for the purpose of these rules 
as if he were a new producer. 

(f) Any producer may •^"J"'""*;.,.*^ 
the bases to which he may be entitled 

hereunder, for example, « P'O^ucer with a 
base, who acquired another herd accom- 
panied by a transfer of the base from the 
seller, may combine the two bases. 

(b) Where a herd is dispersed for any 
reawn. without the base ^V* been 
transferred with the herd, the producer 
must replace the herd within forty-five 
(45) days if he is to retain his base. 

<U^ Anv producer who has not market- 

^ ' ...■'. r-» . -.1....-;.. r^rsUirtllH to 

March I. 1934. shall not hereafter sel 
fluid milk in this Commonwealth without 
f.rst obtaining written «"thor.zat.on from 
the Pennsylvania Milk Control Board. 

(i) A distributor of fluid milk shall not 
accept the milk of a new producer without 
first obtaining written author.zat.ori to do 
,o from the Pennsylvania M.Ik Control 

Tell the merchant that you saw 
the advertisement in the Milk 
Producers' Review when you 
make your purchase of products 
advertised on these pages. 



Clipping Young Alfalfa 
May Ruin Future Crop 

Many beginners with al:*^ 
make the mistake of clipping f 
new seeding or attcmptimt, 
harvest a crop of hay frortj 
Unless weeds get very bad ^ 
threaten to smother the aliiijj 
the field should not be clipped 

Alfalfa needs to make as e^ 
root as possible the first scasotjS 
order to withstand winter in).; 
To do this, the top must be fe 
undisturbed. The roots will iM 
and store up nutrients until 1$ 
in the fall if the top is not cut r 
The old top and the stubble li 
to protect the stand over wir. 
and prevent the blowing off ofsc 
cover. Where alfalfa grows lui ' 
iantly, clipping or harvesting aci 
the first fall may not be serio 
but the beginner should take I 
chances. Pasturing the top r 
closely is as bad as or worse tb 

Worth Its Salt 

Salt, its importance in the da 
ration and in feeding all other (ai 
livestock, including poultry, is t 
subject of an illustrated booklt 
The Farmer's Salt Book, whii 
can be obtained by writing* 
the Milk Producers' Revie- 
219 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, P 
Other uses of salt are also tl' 
scribed in this booklet, include 
how to use it in curing meat, killit 
weeds, in the household and f' 
many other purposes. Write 
a copy, it is free. 

A complete discussion of iodiiKl 
its needs and benefits in livestoct 
feeding, is contained in a bookk' 
recently published by the lod* 
Educational Bureau. Inc., !•' 
Broadway, New York City. Tim 
booklet reviews exf)eriment statio" 
work on the use and effects of ioai" 
in the ration. The booklet is fr* 




at the Broadwood Hotel. Philadelphia. Pa. 

NOVKMBEU -^0-21, 1034 

,„ accordance the b.-law. ^e stocUholde. ol the J„^^^^^^^^^^ 
.eet a. thTBroadwood Hotel. Broad and Wood Street .^^^^^^ -^^^ „, ^.rectors, reports of 

r^and r.l^a^salln'':,TurhUnr. a! .a. be necessar. 

/3 . CW. rTK-^Z^Presiaent ^JrT^^^^ ^"^^^ Secretary 

„ The proxy below has been inserted for your <^o"venlence^ 

A summary of Annua. Meeting^lans^^^^^^ P-.ran. -11 ^^ J^h^ P l^^ yet -de o^^^^^^^^^ 

be found in the article Mcmhcrs '^'" ^'^^ ^^^ ^iH be the name of your local dekgate or so _^ ^^ 

=i"H*^'="" '"■■■-■■ "■■■■ ;H3" jS^ is SEES 

occur will be found on page 3. 





Know All Men by These Presen ts ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^.^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^.^^ ^^^^ „,„^. j^ hereby con.tuute 

That I, the undersigned, being the owner of " " 

and appoint (Write In N-me «>( Deiegaie'and AI^ ^^ ^^^ jj -°U^'»«i^^ '° ^o''„*luih 

:^-:::^^::tz^^^' ""- «' -— "7" ;7 ^'^^" '^ "^' da. o. - 

,N WITNESS WHEREOI-. 1 have hereunto set my hand and .ea. th.s ^^^^^ 



MILK PRODUCERS REictober, i93i 


Grinds Every Grain- 
Roughage Grown 


Evary dairynHM— Hve stock fatdw 

can make hiKhly nutritious, pal- 
atable feed from home grown 
crops. Don't waste bigb priced 
feeds feeding them whole. Grind them with 
"JAY BCr^all stMl kMHiMT mW. 
Bi|[ capacity. Operates wHh any farm tractar 
withuut jack shatt. Swing hammers. Quick 
changing screens. Grinds fine, coarse, me- 
dium. Long life. No costly breakdowns. JAY 
BCK" ar« the world'* standard. Over 18,000 
in u*a all over tba world, sattincth* stand- 
ard for capacity, oconomy and durability. 
Writ* far feeding facts, low prita. tsnns. ate. 
I. B. SEDBERRV. INC., 163 HidMry St, Utica. N.Y. 

Precipitated Agricultural Lime, 

Highest quality. Kiln treated. Low 
prices. M^ri/c.- West Virginia Lime 
Company, Box 405, Roanoke, Va. 



That it what every piece of 
good printing it AN IDEA 

If you would be interested in a good 
printer's ideas about good printing, 
we art at your disposal at any time. 

Call, write or phone 
West Chester No. 1 

Horace F. Temple 



Speed of Sounds 

Sound travels at the rate of II 00 
feet per second. But there are 
some exceptions to the rule, name- 

Scandal — I 1 00 yds. per second 

Flattery — 30 feet 

Truth — 6 inches 

"I wish our bank could get on its 
feet enough to stop sending back 
our checks marked 'No funds'," 
said the bride to her husband. "A 
bank that hasn't got enough money 
on hand to pay a $4.27 check ought 
to be merged^and put on a sound 



Solid Pack 

D.te Phila. 

New York 


1 28% 



4 27 



5 261/2 



6 27 


25 '/4 

7 26 '/4 

25 '74 


8 25% 



10 26 



II 2i% 

24 '/4 


\2 26 



13 25 '4 

24 '4 


14 25>/4 

24 '^ 


15 26 '/4 

25 '/4 


17 26V4 

18 26</« 

25 V, 




19 27 



20 27 



2! 27% 



22 27% 



24 27'/5 


24 '/4 

25 27 



26 27 


24 '/4 

27 27% 


24 '/4 

28 27% 


24 '/4 

29 27% 
Average 26.78 

25 78 

24 '/4 
24 83 

Augu.t. 1934 28.38 


26 39 

Sept.. 1933 24 6 


22 67 

Low Electric Rate 
For Water Heating 

l-4^f yo^or ia <Baa«>nt'ial rtn Hairv 

farms. Without it. trouble is 
encountered in cleaning utensils 
and in producing a high quality of 
milk. And, of course, every house- 
wife wants an abundance of hot 
water for her numerous household 
tasks and for the kitchen and bath. 

Heating the hot water is often a 
real live problem. This is true in 
the milk house or other outbuilding 
which may be close to the barn and 
where fire hazards are greater. 
Open flames carry a certain amount 
of danger and sparks from chim- 
neys are even worse. Heretofore 
electricity has been impractical 
because of its cost. 

Recently, however, methods of 
using electricity have been develop- 
ed which makes it practical in 
water heating. Special equipment 
is used and special rates apply for 
that particular purpose. All elec- 
tric companies have not yet made 
this available but the plan is 
spreading rapidly. 

Automatic Equipment 

Special equipment is used, the 
tank of 50, 80. or 100 gallons being 
heavily insulated. The current is 
turned on automatically at a pre- 
determined time, usually at 10:00 
p. m. after the heavy evening load 
is past. It is also turned off auto- 
matically at a predetermined time, 
some companies setting this at 
4:00 p.m., which is before the 
heavy evening use of electricity 
occurs. The heater is set to reach 
a certain temperature which the 
user may prefer, perhaps 150, 160, 
or 1 70 degrees. Whenever the 
temperature of the water reaches 
the set mark the current is turned 
off and remains off until the water 
temperature drops to another mark 
a few degrees less, when the cur- 
rent is again turned on. 

No water heating, however, can 
be done during the hours when the 
current is automatically off. Dur- 
ing such periods the reserve supply 
in the tank must be depended 
upon, the water remaining hot for 
hours and as hot water is drawn off 
cold water enters at the bottom of 
the heater but does not mix with 
the hot water at the top. 

A One-Cent Rate 

The rate for water heating by 
this method is much lower than the 
regular electric rate, one large 
company charging only one cent a 
kilowatt-hour. Such a rate appears 
possible under these specified con- 
ditions because the current is used 
only during those hours of the day 
when less current is used for other 
purposes. Generating equipment is 
busy producing electricity at all 
hours whether used or not and ap- 
parently it is considered good 
business to sell some of this ex- 
cess, or surplus, current at a low 
rate rather than not to sell it 
at all. 

Each electric company offering 
this service has certain require- 
ments as to use and installation 
which must be met in order to get 
a special rate. 

Have anv Review readers used 
this special equipment for heating 
water? If so, we would like your 
experiences as to cost, convenience, 
reliability, and other important 

Penn State Offers 
Study Courses 

Forty-two free courses in agricul- 
ture and home economics are 
offered by correspondence for sys- 
tematic study at home by those 
who are unable to come to college. 
Professor T. 1. Mairs, director of 
these courses at the Pennsylvania 
State College, reports. 

Courses in general agriculture 
include plant life, tile drainage, 
farm bookkeeping, grain crops, 
clovers and grasses, fertilizers and 
farm manures, silos, and potato 

In animal industry the courses 
offered are: breeds of horses, sheep 
husbandry, stock feeding, beef 
production, swine husbandry, prin- 
ciples of breeding, dressing and 
curing meat, and poultry keeping. 

Horticultural courses include pro- 
pagation of plants, market garden- 
ing, orchard fruits, small fruits, 
home vegetable gardening, home 
floriculture, commercial fruit grow- 
ing, and principles of insect control. 

Butter making, technology of 
milk, study of milk, dairy breeds of 
cattle, market milk, and ice cream 
manufacture are the courses offered 
in dairying. 

In home economics the courses 
are: canning and preserving, gar- 
ment making, house furnishing, 
food selection and preparation, and 
table service. 

Miscellaneous courses include 
beekeeping, introduction to chem- 
istry, farm forestry, building ma- 
terials, farm chemistry, farm man- 
agement, and principles of market- 

"The student enrolled in corres- 
pondence courses is in a position 
to apply immediately the informa- 
tion which he gains, without 
waiting a year or more, as a resi- 
dent student must often do," Pro- 
fessor Mairs pointed out. "He can 
take the work without leaving 
home or letting it interfere with 
his regular occupation." 

22 States Testing 
for Bang's Disease 

The testing of cattle for Bang's 
disease under the Federal emer- 
gency appropriation has been start- 
ed in 22 states and officials of the 
U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry 
announce that the work will be 
taken up soon in several other 
states. The list of states in which 
testing is now going on include all 
states in the Philadelphia milk 

According to rough estimates, 
based on preliminary work, it is 
expected that about 1 5 percent of 
cattle will react to the agglutina- 
tion test for Bang's disease. In 
some localities, however, the pre- 

valence of the disease may 
high as 20 percent or more, 
this basis it is probable tl 
January I, 1935, a large numi 
cattle will be eliminated 
of reactions to the test. 

"contagious abortion." It 
detected by the agglutination! 
in which a special test fluii 
antigen, is added to a i 
quantity of blood serum froinj 
animal under test. Blood 
infected animals causes a del 

Market Shows 

V.OENCE points^ to^a healthier 

tone in the locai ...... o.v -^ 

extra supplies which were 

.erally available early m Sept- 

U? have largely disappeared. 

has become possible for your 

les manager to place dairies which 

"been looking for months for 

jter outlets. Several dealers are -— j"'— js with retail price 

Sported as expecting to pay C as ^^^^^^^^^ accompanying most of 

I price for almost lOU percent or ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ ir^g. 

spite of last summer's drought The 
area from Minnesota and Iowa 
eastward, with few exceptions, 
showed an increased production per 
cow with slightly fewer cows. 

The national outlook 
price increases in several 
which are under AAA supervision 
These ranged from $.14 to $.50 a 


average for that date of almost 140 
million pounds. It is estimated 
that the peak of storage stocks was 
passed early in September AM 
cheese in storage totalled IZZ 
million pounds on September 1 as 
compared to 108 million pounds a 
year earlier and 100 million as a 

5-year a vt-i aft*-, ^^i^^.-o •. 

both evaporated and condensed 
milk were slightly less on Septem- 
ber I than a year earlier. 

A healthy sign in the manufac- 
tured dairy situation is the in- 
d trade output during Au- 
Compared to a year earlier 
butter, 12.4 


On the whole, the dairy 
tion is much more encouraging 
a month ago. It appears that con- 
sumption of all products is increas- 
ing including fluid milk on the local 
market at least. Storage supplies 
are less burdensome which should 
hold prices at a level above last 
year's and makes rather remote any 
possibility ot an exiren.e w-- 
break such as occurred last De- 


en though mil 

about 7.4 percent 

The greater 


trnducers' basics. , 

oeuLcr Ty.ov.v,..o... -* Th\s situation has developed 

X c . a in W;.. --'- ^•^-"'h milk receipts have 

A four cent rise in Wiso 

milk prices occurred in August 

average for all uses being re| 

as $1.08 per hundred pounds 

for cheese advanced one centl 

$.93, for butter 7 cents to $1 

and market milk I I cents to $1 

Condensary prices remained 

tionary at $1.14 while butter 

butterfat prices both advi 

two cents a pound. 

Daily production 

rep>orted as I 5 


over 1933 wniic ii lo ucucvcu , »•• c » k* 

.bar of cows in that •'•« '^"..^Kend h.. bean toward 

een running 
Ihead of a year ago 
.rt of this development is ere 
increased consumption. It will 
recalled that an extensive adver- 
was started by 
the Phila- 

8ing campaign 
ose dealers comprising 

Milk Exchange and who 

uy your milk. That this was a 

in stimulating demand is 



land cities the increases occurred in 
midwest and far west sections 
where the feed situation has ser- 
iously affected costs of production. 

Butter Prices Down 

The market for manufactured 
dairy products was decidedly weak- 
er in September than in August. 
Butter prices declined in early 
September to about four cents 
below the August peak I he 

thly average of New York V/- 
butter was 25.78 cents or 


^ production per -w .«uUe prob bl. ^^^^ mo^^ ^y^^^^^ 

J as I 5. 1 2 pounds on ^"^^"^^ week to week with , .6 cent, lower than August. A 

I, an increase of 5.7 Pera|^'"*«"' /..".. i .kout 3 percent -kaht improvement occurred near 

•33 while it is believed r the months total about :)pe^ thf end of the month with a 

^( .owa in rhat 8tat,»bove September 1933. A« in the end or .^ 


6.2 percent more 
percent more cheese, '^ PC'-ccnt 
more condensed milk and 95.6 per- 
cent more evaporated milk 
into consumption channels, 
evaporated milk movement •" Au- 
gust 1933, was unusually light 
which makes a percentage com- 
parison somewhat unfair although 
this year's movement was very 
good. The August figure for all 
products shows a 14.1 percent 
increase while for the first 8 months 
the trade output compared to UH 
was 4.3 percent greater. Pro- 
duction was reduced 6.1 per- 
cent during the same period. 

July Prices Paid by 
Producers' Associations 

3.5% Milk, f. o. b. Market (x) 

Net Price 
I 89 

1 lartford 

New York City 








Kansas City 


St. Ixjuis 

(x) Except New Yc-k quotations apply 

to 201 mile zone. Borto^ to 181 m.le zone 

and Chicago to 70 mile zone. ^^ 

Basic Price 

numoer ot cows 

slightly larger also. 1 he ^tieci ou,--. •-■- -^^ .^ ^^ percent 

.he emergency ca.tle P-cW |yn.Joc«_;^.--,»;|^.,i ^^^ 

states sharing in the milk shed. 
New Jersey excepted. In Septem- 
ber. 1933, only 29 percent of the 
cream came from the local area. 

The effect 
program in Wisconsin is expec:Of the receipt, originating in^ 
to be insignificant. 


cream came trom inc iu»-ai »•*--. acnscu m-." o 

Policeman: "How did you c« ^, ^^d rainy weather has had a The net result on a milk equivalent 

get that jar of honey>" ^lepressing effect on cream demand, basi. wa. a decrease o o"'^-^" 

Tramp: "Well, I admit 1 d^Zuin. in lower price, and occa- one percent on these four p oducts 

p: wen, i aumii •">» jesulting in lower price, 
keep no bees; but what's to stop ^^^^^^^ trouble in moving available 
fellow squeezing it out of - gupplies. 
flowers himself >" ^ 

^ More Milk Per Cow 

State Dairy Council j^ j^ j^i^i^^^ ^j^^n any time since 

The following is a report of the won 1923 ^^hen records started. Dela- 
done by the Quality Control l^eP>"^^arc production is the same as a 
ment of the Dairy Council tor ti» f N/l„,„lnnd nroduc- 

month of August. 1934: ,,^ year ago while Maryland produc 

No Inspections Made 21" tion per cow has dropped slightly. 

Special Farm Visits m "^^^ average of 1 2.80 pounds per 

No Sediment Tests 1'^ cow on September I for the entire 

Bacteria Tests Made ^^' ■ ^^-^^^ ^,^^„ J^r that date 

Days Can Inspection • .,■',,*' . .__ :_ 

Days Special Work '♦1 either of the two previous years in 

No. Miles Traveled 29./* 

month 123 dairies wen 


month was up 
To date 293.90f> 

further slight decline early 

October. . . , 

September production of butter 
was 2.4 percent below a year earlier 
while cheese showed a 5.4 percent 
increase and evaporated and con- 
densed milk even greater 'ncreases^ 


combined. Changes in butter and 
cheese production compared to 
September, 1933, was spotted, 
some sections showing drastic de- 
creases while others revealed heavy 
increases. Wisconsin showed a 
large increase in butter production 
and a slight increase in cheese over 
a year ago. Iowa ranked ahead ot 
Minnesota in August butter pro- 
with more than in July 
than in Au 


stocks of butter on 
d to 120 


Don't pay for thtM 


if you live out here 

duction, with more 
and 8 percent more 

September I amountec 
million pounds as compared to 1/5 
million a year earlier and a ')-year 

Xl/FFECTIVE Saturday, Scpt- 
her 1, wc announce an i inportant 

Fvill Protection Safety 
At New Low Rural Rate 

c ni 


Jo. Miles Traveled 29.7*t '— 

During the month 123 dairies went ^ ~^ , • 1 "\ if 1 ^4-0 

rjr w;l,:^Thr''':^; September Prices at Principal Markets 

airies were rc-inst.ted before ll« ^ From National Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation^^^^^^^^^^ 

farm inipcctioBj 

have been made. 

From National Cooperati 

Prices^fi^b. City 3.5% Test 

reduction in our liability 
rates for country .Uellors. ON 
This important and money - 
saving rate reduction is possible 
we are doinR 

All policies issued at thu new .ow 
will carry the same full pro- 
as all of our policies have 
the past. We pay 
fees, court charges 
case of liability. 



fat Diff- 




Report of the Field and 
Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

The followinn statistics show tlv 
operations of all the Intcr-State Milk, 
Producers" Associition ficMmcn 
connection with testing, weighin ■ 
general membership work fjr 
month of August. 1934: 


Butterfat Tests Made ^. . ■ 8421 

Plants Investij?ated ^ 

Calls on Members ^' 

Quality Improvement Calls. . . 
I lerd Samples Tested 
Membership Solicitation Calls. 

New Meml>er8 Signed 

Cows Signed 

Transfers of Membership 

Microscopic Tests 

Brom Thymol Tests 

Meetings Attended 

Attendance at Meetings 

mostly with the farmers and other 
rural people of Pennsylvania. 

(lone in 
(la mages in 
cannot afford to miss the oppor- 
tunity to protect yourself and your 
property at this reduced rate. This 
rate does not apply to residents o 
cities. It is for rural and small 
town dwellers only. 





ABoStOn (181 mile tone) 
AChicagO (71 mile zone) 

ASt. Louis 

ASt. Paul 



rOMPENSATION: Our Workmen Compensation Policy 
^^To^Sr* Pro!cc/.on for both employer and employee and 
Zs returned a substantial dividend every year. 

Pennsylvania Threshermen & Farmers Mutual Casualty Insurance Co. 
reiinsyiy ^^^ ^ i8thJit^,_Harri8^ur£,_Pa. 

\ "pI. "& F? iviiiltill Casualty Ins. Co. Harrisburg. Pa. 



C.entlenicn: Send me full 

rate policy for rural dwellers. 

Today n 

information concerning new, 
I am interested in 

Make of - 





•-Under State Control Board supervision; --^"J^^^,;^.:;;'ll',::^:;'^^::^catrs 
(t) -August prices; x Applies at all delivery points, a Additional f.r 
which are not included. 

Name ... 

I This imjuiry don not obligate me in anyway. J 

I ■" 



Chopping Forage 
Better Than Grinding 

Dairymen who ask whether it is 
better to chop or to grind forage 
fr>r dairy COWS, and whether it 
pays to do either, should consider 
the problem from the mechanical, 
labor and feeding standpoints, be- 
lieves W. C. Krueger, extension 
engineer for the State Agricultural 
Experiment Station, Rutgers Uni- 

"Chopping is preferable to grmd- 
ing when considered from the 
standpoint of operations," he de- 
clares, "since the ton-efficiency is 
higher with less labor and power 
required. The machinery is less 
complicated and the investment 
and upkeep charges are therefore 
lower. From the feeding viewpoint 
chopping also has the preference of 
most dairymen, since hay which 
has been finely ground is often 
quite dusty and unpalatable, and 
there is a tendency for grinding to 
decrease the digestibility of good 


"Whether chopping pays is often 
a matter for individual determina- 
tion. There is generally a labor 
and time advantage when chopping 
hay from fields into the mow. Ig- 
noring this possibility, there is a 
definite advantage in the chopping 
of hay cured in the mow in the 
usual way. for coarse stemmed 
hays are eaten with less loss when 
chopped. A saving of from five 
to eight per cent in tonnage has 
been effected in tests. 

"Chopped hay is somewhat easi- 
er to handle. It facilitates mixing 
with other feed materials, although 
tests have shown that there was 
no advantage whatsoever in mixing 
concentrates with chopped hay in 
comparison with feeding separately. 
"A summary of this situation 
reveals that neither chopping nor 
grinding of good quality legume 
hays for dairy cows increases the 
feeding value sufficiently to justify 
expense. With coarse hays as much 
as a ten F>er cent increase in value 
may be obtained by chopping 
through the elimination of waste 
in feeding, and there may be a real 
labor and time advantage in chop- 
ping hay from the management 
standpoint. Chopping is to be 
preferred to grinding from the 
standpoint of feeding, handling, 
labor and equipment." 

find the work an excellent prepara- 
tion for such positions as herds- 
men, foremen of dairy farms, or 
managers of cow testing associa- 
tions," the Acting Dean declared. 
"It is strongly urged, although it 
is not required, thai before eiiiull- 
ing in this course the prospective 
student acquire practical experi- 
ence on a good dairy farm. By so 
doing he will find the work of much 
greater benefit to him." 

Subjects included in the course 
are: feeding dairy cattle, milk 
testing, dairy buildings and ma- 
chinery, diseases of dairy cattle, 
forage crops and pastures, business 
of dairying, dairy sanitation, dairy 
management, dairy barn practice 
and dairy problems. 

Write to Professor Helyar for a 
complete catalogue, describing the 



' J 

Debts of 20,000 
Farmers Adjusted 

During the past year more than 
20,000 farmers with debts in excess 
of $125,000,000 have obtained set- 
tlements with their creditors by 
means of county farm debt adjust- 
ment committees. These commit- 
tees were organized to assist heavily 
indebted farmers to secure scale- 
downs or longer periods in which 
to pay their debts. 

Since this work was started a 
year ago. more than 2,500 county 
farm debt adjustment committees 
appointed by state governors have 
been organized in 43 states. 

In Kansas, which was one of the 
earliest states to be organized with 
the aid of the Farm Credit Admin- 
istration, committees had consider- 
ed 3.462 cases up to June 15; 
settled 1.315 satisfactorily, and in 
only 409 cases were the committees 
unable to work out settlements. 

Practical Dairy Course 
Announced by Rutgers 

A course in dairy farming, de- 
signed to prepare men to manage 
dairy farms either for themselves 
or for others, will be given by the 
New Jersey College of Agriculture, 
Rutgers University, Acting Dean 
F. C. Helyar has announced. In- 
struction will begin on November 5 
and will be carried over a 12-week 

The courses which are offered 
will include considerable time in 
the college barns, feeding and 
managing milk cows and calves. 
Emphasis is to be placed, Professor 
Helyar said, on the study of those 
factors that are important in the 
economical production of market 
milk for quality trade. 

"Those who have had practical 
experience in dairy farming will 

TB Test Has Covered 
92 Percent of State 

Only I 1 5 townships out of the 
1,569 in Pennsylvania remain un- 
tested and unsigned in the effort 
to eradicate bovine tuberculosis, 
according to the latest report from 
the bureau of animal industry, 
Pennsylvania Department of Agri- 
culture. The tested townships 
make up 59 entire counties and 1 66 
townships out of 288 in the re- 
maining 8 counties outside of 
Philadelphia. Seven untested town- 
ships in five counties are signed up 
and awaiting initial test. Many of 
the untested townships have most 
of the herds tested already under 
the individual herd plan. 

During July, $60,825.14 was 
paid by the State to 683 owners 
who had cattle react to the T. B. 
test and during August $45,935.15 
was paid to 550 owners. Federal 
indemnities amounted to$33,570.47 
in July and $27,961.19 in August. 
Fifty-two counties arc now modi- 
fied accredited, meaning that the 
disease has been reduced to less 
than one-half of one percent. Seven 
additional counties have been com- 
pletely tested but as yet are not 
modified accredited. 

Intensive survey activity is now 
being made in unsigned townships 
in the hopes of speeding up the 
bovine tuberculosis eradication 
work, officials report. 




roved right DAIRY FEEDmoJejwgl ! 

I'll Bay they're making milk. 
Can't do anything else if you 
put 'em on Larro. I'm telling 
you it's a pleasure to work with 
cows in the shape mine are in. 
You feed dealers do a man a 
favor when you get him to 
switch to that kind of a ration. 

Thanks, Mr. Martin. I wish 
you'd UA\ that l«» Joe lilanch- 

1 did. Joe was over last night. 
He fouiul out alMJUt me leading 
the cow testing association and 
wanted to know how it hap- 
pened. So I gave him an earful. 

Say, thiit's groat! 1>«) you 
think you convincod hiiii;* 

I wouldn't he sur|>rihcd. lie's 
got lodoHonielhiiig. Has cows 
off feed all the time, he says. 
Trouhle is, all he can see is that 
difference in price helween 
Larro and the cheap stuff he's 
using. He says he don't know 
why you can't sell Larro at the 
same price. 

That's easy. I'll soon clear 
him uj> on that i)()int. It's 

because there's nothing k 
good, clean, whole.some * 
in Larro. iNo off-grade inf 
dienls. No wee<i seeds, elU 
lor dust, or "filler ' of I 
kind. Nothing but the v« 
l)est the market affords-* 
all carefully standardized! 
that yoii get the same qual 
in every bag. I niform, ^ 

Thai's right. And if ihe fee| 
always good — like Larro 
your cows are healthier 
you get uniform produc 
V^hy I've got couM ten lo Iw 
years ohl that are giving m« 
"milk than they ever gave bel* 
— and here a while hack H 
urcil I'd soon have to sell '« 
to the hu teller. 

(Jnoss 1 better get ov«'r a' 
|«'ll that to Joe. 

We would like lo send you a copy of (hin InnM-l, loo. Drop us a line -aiui 
don'lfail lo have YOflU Uirro dealer tend yon a mpply of hirro Dairy teed 

The Larrowe Milling r.oinpany, Dept. O Detroit, IMichif' 




at the Broadwooa Hotel. Philadelph.a. Pa. 

NOVEMBER 20-31, 1934 

. I Q^ f Milk Producers' Association will 


.J:/^£f6X ^^^^^^ Secretary 


10:00 A.M. 

^tnktr nl Tuesday ,iflerniu>n srssii>ti._ //'' " 
Presitlnil „f the Pairywen's Leai^ue Looprrn- 
(lie Aiittciatiov . 

Call to Order. 

Address of Welcome Honorable 
J. Hampton Moore. Mayor ot 
Election of Nine Directors. 
Reports of Officers and Auditor. 
Report of Field and Test Depart- 

Receiving and Reading of Resolu- 

10:00 to 12:30 on November 20 

For details, see page 7 

Joint program at remaining sessions 
Luncheon at special rates for men & women 

i:. S. Bayaki) 

11/7/ '.,■ r<uislnuislrr al thr hauqwl- 
l:,l,trr i.i-d'irf of the P,;nisyhwiui I- 

lie IS 


\^ ail till I get through n»ilki« 
and ril go with you. 1 want> 
Hhow him that hooklet ll' 
Larro folks sent nie the otW 
dav— the A W i\ of Ilcaltk 
Production antl Profit. Ther 
things in there that Joe Blanf^ 
ard will he gla«l to know. 

2:00 P.M. 

6.00 P.M. 

••<u II VV.. Substitute Government Control tor 
Shall Wf .-^uLsmui- ., , r- j^j Sf.xauer. 

the Dairy ^"°P^^^^•"^■^Xa/ue Cooperative 
President of Dairymen s League ^o h 


Report of Resolutions Committee. 

Members' Banquet. , 

Toastmaster K. S. liAV.^,RU. Ld.tor-m-Ch.ef 

"Pennsylvania Farmer. 
Speaker Miss Mary M.mms. Rural Sociolo- 
gist. University of Louisiana. 
Special entertainment Music. 
Social get-together after banquet prog.a.n 


7:45 A.M. Visits to Milk and Ice Cream plant.. Free bus 
and guides. 

Visits to offices of Inter-State Milk Producers' 
Assoaation and Philadelphia Inter-State Dairy 

10:15 A.M. Public .Session. 

Ts^-ntials of ( ommunity Building Miss 
mIhv M.MMS. Rural Sociologist. University 
of Louisiana. 

•The Dairy Situation as I gee It" ^. \^ 
I tuTERBAC H. Chief of Dairy Division. A.A.A., 
Washington, D. C 

Discussion from floor. 



I ^ 

^ Unusual Program Planned 
For Annual Meeting 

Dates Are November 20-21 

Association is less than two 
weeks away. The prograni is 
complete except for a few minor 
details. It is given in condensed 
form on Page I and doubtless you 
have already studied it. 

The program committee under 
A. R. Marvel, vice-president, has 
prepared an unusual treat. The 
program provides balance. It 
covers the problems of dairy mar- 
kets and marketings, the work of 
cooperatives, and the building of 
rural communities. 

Competent and experienced 
speakers have been obtained for all 
sessions, tach session is planned 
to give the speakers ample time 
and to allow discussion of current 
problems by the members attend- 

Mayor Will Welcome Guests 

Honorable J. Hampton Moore. 
Mayor of Philadelphia, will give a 
brief address of welcome to start 
the first session after which routine 
business will be disposed of as 
quickly as possible. It is expected 
that the members will vote on 
nine directors late in the first 
morning's session following reports 
of officers. 

The election should be speeded 
greatly because of the nominations 
being made in advance, thi s per- 
mitting preparation of balbts be- 
fore the meeting opens. The list 
of nominees and the districts they 
would represent will be found on 

page 3. 

A brief address by B. H. Welty. 
president of your association, and 
a report by H. D. Allebach, sales 
manager, will open the afternoon 
session. The feature talk of the 
day will be by Fred H. Sexauer. 
president of our neighbor coopera- 
tive, the Dairymen's League Coop- 
erative Association, and a man 
who has been called upon to serve 
in many public capacities. 

bers and their friends, young and 
old. follows the banquet. 

The Wednesday morning session 
starts off at 7:43 with bus trips to 
milk and ice cream plants and dairy 
laboratories. Those who prefer may 

B. H. Wll.TY 

Mr. Urlty, srrvinR Ins lirsi trrm as President 
of vour associatvoi. will preside at nil 
regidar tasi'ins of the anntuil meetiiig. 



Banquet for Members 

The banquet committee recog- 
nizes that a short, snappy program 
preceded by good food and accom- 
panied by high class entertainment 
is the most popular type of ban- 
quet. Only the toastmaster and 
one speaker will be heard. E. S. 
Bayard, known to many of us for 
his forceful editorials in the Penn- 
sylvania Farmer will preside at the 
festive board. Miss Mary Mimms. 
Director of Rural Organization in 
Louisiana will be the speaker and 
she is selecting her own subject. 
Miss Mimms has an enviable 
reputation for her success in rural 
organization work and it is believed 
her talk will treat upon this vital 

Musical specialties and enter- 
ment numbers will be interspersed 
during the banquet and program. 
A social get-together for all mem- 

visit the association offices where 
the extensive record system will be 
explained. Members will recon- 
vene at the hotel at 10:1 S for an 
educational session with discussion 
from the floor as time permits. 
Miss Mimms appears on this 
program to discuss "Kssentials of 
Community Building", a subject 
of special importance in making our 
association more effective in hand- 
ling the numerous local situations 
which it faces from time to time. 

Lauterbach Speaks 

The last scheduled address of tiie 
meeting is that of A. H. LHUterhach 
on "The Dairy Situation As 1 See 
It " Mr. Lauterbach is Chief of the 
Dairy Division of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Administration under 
which Federal milk marketing li- 
censes covering about 70 cities are 
in effect. ffe succeeded J. H. 
Mason to that position in February 
after having served as Manager of 
the National Cheese Producers' 
Federation for several years. His 
previous experience and his present 
position especially fit hirn for a 
comprehensive account of dairy 
marketing problems. 

Unusual accommodations have 
been obtained at our headquarters 
hotel with rooms at reasonable 
rates and a luncheon at noon on 
Tuesday at very low cost. This will 
permit members to attend at mini- 
mum expense and have every need 
taken care of right at the hotel. 

Open air parking lots are avail- 
able nearby at 25 to 50 cents for 
dall ay with daytime or over-night 
parking in garages at corresponding 
rates. The Broadwood Hotel is 
three blocks north of City Hall, 
convenient to both the Pennsylva- 
nia and Reading Stations. 

Dairy Loans Available 

Dairymen may get loans from 
the Farm Credit Administration 
for use in production activities, 
according to announcements from 
its Washington office. Proceeds of 
the loan may be used to buy 
cows, feed, equipment, to pay 
debts and for general farm opera- 
tion. Security is first lien on the 
herd and other personal property. 

Interest is charged at 5 percent 
and only for such time as the 
borrower actually has use of the 
money. Thus if only a part of the 
money is needed at the time the 
loan is completed, he would take 
only the amount needed at once 
and obtain the rest at a later date 
as needed. Interest starts when 
the money is actually obtained and 
ceases when the debt is paid. 
Repayment is made from milk and 
cream checks. 

County agricultural agents can 
give information on the procedure 
in obtaining the loans. Application 
must be made through local pro- 
duction credit associations. Each 
borrower takes $5.00 in stock for 
each $100 borrowed which gives 
him a vote in the local association. 

Farm Census In January 

A regular census of agriculture 
will be made by the United States 
Census Bureau in January, 1935. 

This census is made midway 
tween the regular census 
and is expected to have un 


fVS)&UV.w . .. . „ li.a to section I i. 

It will show the effect o! 

drought, the depression. 

tuicii^ii i.ic»»ax-, "''v^ o — ■■'•sociatioii. 

be di 

^n on 0SeV"3i; 1934, for the purpose «. couiunig^^.;. 

utilization which may he <lif~-„'<,„ October Jl. r»l. tor u.e ^''T;;-, ■■ -;^| ^^^„^^„eies in the 
any of the.e causes "», ™ „,u,„ed by the .nembers J - f^ J) ;'-^„„,„| Meeting of the 

Fvery farmer will be approaf '' . of Directors are to be lill«-<J '^.^ "'«- 

•^ • ' "lara "> "^^ .,,, r, i „• Aa«riri;«tlon. 


... this census, and of „^^^ 

information applying to any p; 
cular farm will be strictly confi 
tial. It will 

i.iajyr interests cf fa nors, yet 
be simple in form 


« We fou 
fkting comi 
l)|c ballots 


courstrr (state Milk J^roduccrs /\»»v.ciauoii. .,,l,lrossed to the nonii- 

covet ,.ractie,ltrlZ"^ro%lI°'\T«c:^'' .l.ttict, and ctedtted ,eac,,, n.e,nbet 



Distriit No. 18 

arswered by most farmers. "Jlots for whom their choice s»^°"'^ J*"^; , • ^,^^^ ^ith the ballots, we 
Sample blanks can be obta,»"°^'ter tabulating the votes and checking them w 

which will list all questions tc ub^^ltting the following report: 

answered. Census officials ^^ ^ 

urging farmers to get these>ME ^^^^ 

advance so that less time wiifP^'g ^^i,,„ 

needed when the census taker g^^jgned or Unmarked ballots 

rives. also to insuregreateraccura District No 12 

A card addressed to the \U g. Mendenl.all 

Producers' Review, 219 N.Br^D Oetwiler , . „ , 

Street. Philadelphia. Pa. will blfc,igne<l or Unmarked b. Hots 

a sample to you. 





M. L Stilt 

I ) Avikir 

II H. Bradford ,,,,,, ,7 
Unsixned or Unmurked ballots -// 

District No. 24 
11 1.. Davis 

A W Waddinuton .-. 

Unsiuncd or Unn.arkc-d ballots^4() 


64 3 


Half Pound Feed 
Produces One Egg 

A hen requires almost a hal 
pound of feed to produce oner 
At least, this is the average I' 
requirements for six breeds in 
1933 western and central NewV 
laying tests, reports R. C. Oi 

3 1 



District 19 -^JohnCarvei. Sutton 
District 21 -S. U. Troutman 

ew oasics 

Producers in the Philadelphia milk shed, except 
those under the New Jersey Milk Control Board were 
allowed new basics starting with October 1. Jj^^ "y^"^ 
basics are to remain in effect throughout the yeaf^l^^S 

The new plan gives each producer the higher oi 
(a) his established basic amount i" ^ff**^?. P""*^'?"": '° 
October 1. or (b) his average monthly delivery durmg 

j wmination 

District 10-J. W. Keith 
District 20— C. H. Joyce 

Members attending the annual --f.^^j^J^re'd's'trrJtr ' " 
U for one nominee for director from each of tlie nin^a 

Farmers Cash Income 
Increased In September 

Directorships to Be Filled 

1 ,i:-.w i,»ru r*»i»rfrHcn 

,n,l,c ."l will c.«,.ire... tl- -''■»;'V;;\ T :'r^'r.,,"L 2(J-21. 19i4. 

died (or candidates from 
postage paid envelope for 

ominatini? districts an-J a ''";;''7'7r' ■■""■^^^'"ji'.^irKkl.oUrcrs who ur.- t.^ 
returning U.en.arkedbal<. as b.o>«cn^a^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ and.dates re- 

of ll.c Locals in li.e.s.- d.str.cts. 1 c ^^^'^ ^,„ (^^ placed m order 

ce.v.n« tlK- l...d»-st nur..l.<-r ..f -;-;" J, '^c at the annual meeting 

District No 17 

H B. Stewart 

P. J Cox 

H. F Clark , . 11 . 

Unsigned or Unmarked ballots 

c A — H K Groninoer. Chairman 

Signed M. L.. vjR" Larson Crothers 

C W. KooNTz Wii.niR 1 1. Morris. Jr. 

B. H. Allen y Davis Walraven 

Nathan Hiles /q ;v|atthews 

George Henderson J' ' , ■ , j^ 

J .1 » Iwrr-after snecial emphasis be made 
; The committee requested that. '>^".'''^^'^'''\ „^^ \^J^^^, As shown 

;;ho- Tupetv.., ihe .e,.. ^ V .;» >7„r rsutn::^^"U':^b"rrrbr.rc 'xr,l i. .ou„t.d ^ 

Jl;' ;rTt,„rorlt^r!:*.Krw.reTt,r■nple^e. . .» o, t„c„. .... un,..,U.a ut .o, 

a .mall amount of cod live, o. Atector, »t the I"'" ='»;';.„,,„, „„,.. |,ut not l..t,ng the "o"' "' "« 
'± -,Vr,:^aTt:^^o"^,.ll« ri^r^lo'"^ .ridatfon, .,. .ono..,n„,... t..pte.„..„. 

Cash income to farmers ^''o"]! J*^^ 

October 1. or (b) his average mommy uc..*«=.jr » ,ale of farm products, from AAA 

the erght month period from January 1 to August ^„,,, ^^j ^^^^f,, payments, and 

_. .„»^ Irnm tk^ «.rr.propnr.V Sale OI Cattle 

' There is a further provision that if the total ba.^c 
quantities of all producers selling to any dea'^J ^« 
increased by this method the new basic Quantity for 
Lach producer shall be reduced by the same percentage 
that the milk dealers' total basic quantities have been 
increased by the new basics so that the total bas^ 
quantities of all producers selling to any milk dealer 
shall not be increased thereby. 

The new regulation gives the producer who has 
complained of a small basic a chance to "^"^^ « "7, 
one if his production justified it during the Ja«t ^ever"! 
months. More accurately, the new basics g've every 
producer a readjusted share in the Class 1 market. 

The downward adjustment of all basics, >f tota 
basics should be increased, will permit paying <-»a8* ' 
price for a larger percentage of basics than would be 
otherwise possible, the net result being approximately 

the same. . l ». .^..- n*w 

Should there be any question as to what your new 
basic should be we will be pleased to check you^- ?«"''" 
for you. Supply us with as complete information as 
possible when requesting a check-up. 

from the emergency sale of cattle 
to the Government totaled $662.- 
000,000 in September compared 
with $581,000,000 in August, and 
with $534,000,000 in September 
last year, according to the Bureau 
o( Agricultural Economics. 1 he 
rate of increase from August to 

being $586,000,000 compared with 
$508 000.000 in August, and 3>-+/ A- 
000.000 in September last year. 
AAA benefit payments ^n^ emer- 
gency sales of cattle totaled $76,- 
()00 000 in .September compared 
with $74,000,000 in August, liene- 
f,t payments in September last 
year totaled $73,000,000. . 

The bureau says that in addition 
to smaller marketings, prices ot 
many farm products have averaged 
lower during October than durmg 
September, and estimates that in- 
' ^ . I ,11 prob- 

rate of increase from August to ^^^^^^ during October wil 

September, however, is reported as ^ ^^^ ^.^j^^. ^j^^. ^,g^^J^^ seasonal 

lessthan the usual seasonal increase. Ji ^^^.J that of September. 

The increase in September over '"creas 
August was $82,000,000. and the 

increase this September compared • 

with .September a year ago was ^t„Av of milk houses in 

$108,000'0OO. Income for the first A je-n^: "f y f^ ^ \^,,t ^^^e 

nine months of this year is reported New York state eve 

at $4,313,000,000 compared with than ^^^'^^^ f ^" . "^^^'^ ,Uc barn 

|S3,479,000.OOO during the corres^ f;,;;ree;Xne-half feet from 

ponding period last year._or an ^very ^h ec n ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^_^^ ^^ 

6 period last year, or an i-.v y „,,. .i„. niilk house means a 

-ncrease this year of $834,000,000. the ^ajn Jc tl n u^k ou ^^^ 

Practically all of the increase in mile "j ^'^ ^'';^J°;^!;7 (Five to 

Wber Ler August and over each cow - -c V-r.^ ^^^^ .^^^ 

September last year was derived eight '^^J '^ i^ g^ge 

om the sale of farm products, the f- ^^ ^m /nd^^^fu bourse. 

W for this item in September between oarn a 

C ecil Co. 
C cell Co. 
Cecil Co. 
Cecil Co. 
Cecil Co. 





on the oflKial ballot for lh< 

JoIInS. HKISLfc.K, DLslrut') 

Bay View. 
Kising .Sun. Belvedere, 
W. Kkitii. District 10 
Cioldslwro. Marydell, 
Sudlcrsvillc. . ii 

(;. MiNDi NiiAii . District \l 
Barneston. Brandywine Manor 

Byers. lont, 

H mey Brook. Dampman. 
1 I B .Stewart. District 1/ 

Alexandria. Juniata Townslup 

Marklesburg, Saxton. 
McAlcvys 1 ort, 
Shade Valley. 
Shaeffers Creek. 
Spruce Creek. 
Warriors Mark. 
L. Stitt. District 
(Lurch I till. 
|{.usl Waterford. 
Spruce I lill. 

John C akvi.i. SurroN 
Kennedyville. Blacks. 
Ki Igely, 
1 1. JoYCK. District ZU 
Columbus. Jobstown. 
Mt 1 lolly. 
Pern be r ton. 

U. Troi'TMan. District 21 

Bedford. Osterburg. 


priends Cove. 

New F.nterprise. 
AsiiF.R B. Waupington. District Z4 

Camden. Gloucester. 

Deerfield Street.) 






, Md. 
, Md. 
. Md. 

Qucnn Annes Co. Md. 
( arolineCo. M«l- 
Queen Annes Co.. Md. 

C licster Co, 
( hester Co. 
C liester Co. 
Chester Co. 
C liester Co. 
C hester Co. 
C hester Co. 
C hester Co. 
C hester Co 





. Pa. 



District 19 


1 luntingdon Co 
MiUlin Co, Pa. 
I luntingdon C^o 
I iuntingdon Co.. I'a 
i luntingdon Co.. Pa- 

1 luntingdon Co.. Pa. 

I luntingdon Co.. Pa. 

I luntingdon Co.. F*a. 

I luntingdon C^o . Pa. 

1 luntingdon Co. 

1 luntingdon Co 

Mifllin Co.. Pa 
Juniata Co . Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Mifllin Co. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Mifllin Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. Pa. 
Mifflin Co.. Pa. 
Juniata Co.. F'a. 
Juniata Co.. I'a. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 
Juniata Co., Pa. 

Kent Co . Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 
Kent Co.. Md. 
Caroline Co . Md. 
Kent Co . Md. 

Burlington Co.. N. J. 
Burlington Co.. N J. 
Burlington Co.. N. J. 
Burlington Co.. N. J. 
Burlington Co.. N. J. 


Bedford Co. 
Bedford Co. 
Bedford Co 
Bedford Co. 


, Pa. 
, Pa. 


Camden Co.. ... .,- 

Cumberland Co., N. J. 
Salem Co.. N. J. 
Salem Co.. N. j. 
Cumberland Co.. N. J. 
Salem Co.. N. J. 


At the time of the Eighteenth Annual Meeting 

Plans have been made for members to visit various 
^n'dUUibution and ice c-r. manufacturing pan^ on 


R.,,i.ter at the de.k on Tuesd.y, November 20th. Sel«:t 
the puTt you »Uh to visit, and obtain free bus tr.n.por- 
tation ticket. 









Official Oigan of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Association. Inc. 

H. E. Jamison. Editor and Business Manager 

K°liral^<-th McG. Graham. Elitor 

Home and Community Department 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
Producers* Association, Inc. 

Business Offices 

Flint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

235 E. Gay St.. West Chester, Pa. 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelphia office. 

E<litorial and Advertising Office 

Flint Building, 219 N. Broad St.. Phila Pa. 

Bell Phones. Locust 5J9I Locust 5392 

Keystone Phone. Race,5344 

Printed by Horace F". Temple. Inc. 
We '"■ " 

('eat Chester. Pa. 


50 cenU a year in advance 

Advertising rates on apphcation 

"Entered as second-class matter. June 3, 1920. 
at the poet office at Weat Chester, Pennsylvania, 
under tW Act ol March 3. I879.' 

Your Interest in 
City Relief 

On another pagejs outlined the 
close relationship^of ithe method 
of dispensing city_relief funds and 
your own income. This is of vital 
concern to all of us because it may 
easily cut the milk income of 
every producer by several dollars a 

Truly, this is a complex world. 
A mere order designed to improve 
the attitude of depression victims 
would actually make us worse 
victims of the depression. 

Your association executives have 
had the experience to know what 
will affect members' interests ad- 
versely. They know the reaction of 
all branches of the industry- 
producers, consumers and distri- 
butors -to every change in policy 
and price. 

Such experience can t be picked 
up from the cracker box economist 
at the general store, nor from 
fancy office with all the trimmings. 
It must be acquired at the school of 
exp>erience where the world and 
all its economic and social forces 
are the teachers — teachers that 
play no favorites and have no 
pets, that give a pass mark only 
when the pupil learns his lesson. 

Why the Change 
of Heart? 

"/ want to say that I have never 
received any fee, and do not expect 
to in the future. I am here because 
I feel that there arc certain rights to 
be interpreted, and 1 am here to 
interpret them to you. It is because 
I am less interested than most of 
you, and have not one penny of 
financial interest, that I came here 
to urge that there be a ncu) deal in 
the milk industry." 'Irom page 20 
of the stenographic record of the 
proceedings at the Seventeenth 
Annual Meeting of the Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Association, June 
4. 1934. 

The foregoing statement was 
made by one Charles Edwin Fox, 
counsel for the Allied Dairy Farm- 
ers' Association and for Robert E. 
Atkinson and Charles L. Wilkinson, 

members of the inter-State Milk 

Producers' Association, who last 

November, brought a last rninute 

injunction against the election of 

directors of your association. 

We all accepted that statement 

II r).-4.K4- rr».. Uio 

in ail »iin-ciii>. uui i»«i. • ^-^ '••— 

since become a party to a claim 
against your association's treasury 
for $1,000 to cover alleged services 
to the association. 

That claim has been entered by 
Fox, with two others, in spite of 
his statement which is on the 
records. It is entered jointly with 
Francis Biddle, lawyer for a Phila- 
delphia milk distributor and for the 
Allied Dairy Farmers' Association, 
and with Emanuel Friedman who, 
acting for Artemus M. Stover, 
Bruno Bobiak, J. Calvin Sterner 
and Kazimeras Stasis, ordered a 
study of your association's records 
and who after a partial investiga- 
tion published an incomplete re- 

It had been intimated by some 
of these three lawyers to your 
association's attorneys during the 
thick of the fight that they con- 
sidered it appropriate that some 
of your association's money be 
used to pay for their time. 

After all the hubbub in which 
these three lawyers actively parti- 
cipated the Master appointed by 
Common Pleas Court No. 4 re- 
ported no evidence whatever of 
fraud nor any indication of any 
basis for the numerous charges 
made. The association gladly con- 
ceded one minor point — that va- 
cancies on the board be filled by 
appointment only until the next 
stockholder's meeting. All the 
other points these lawyers raised 
were of no consequence, each being 
either a smoke screen or in error. 

Yet they wanted $1,000 of your 
association's money for it. We, 
with our sense of justice unfettered 
by legal technicalities, did not see 
how the court could recognize such 
a claim, especially since it has on 
file the Master's report on the case. 
They did not get it. 

of every man who sells milk, cream 
or butter. 

An organization has been formed 
which appears to have as one of 
its most important purposes the 
removal or nuUiiication of those 

Uwo ..fkir-K orntert us from direct 
«.....» ..-- — g- ' '- ^ 

competition of substitutes for but- 
ter, substitutes which have been 
shown as inferior to butter in 
complete nutritive value. This 
organization goes under the name 
of the American Institute of Fats 
and Oils. 

Be prepared to demand of your 
representatives in your state legis- 
lature and at Washington that 
they protect you and your neigh- 
bors by opposing any legislation 
that would hurt the market for 
your dairy products. It will be 
easier to hold the advance we have 
made through such legislation than 
to regain it if we should carelessly 
permit the opposition to gain their 

checking Up on Your 

're Will Help You Do It 

where it never before ap^ 
That makes his attacks on ; 
association appear as a circul; 
building scheme. 1 1 must have 

a good one for other newsjw^ ^ , » - m. 

have since taken up an attacZ , , .^^ i^.,. (or your nnlk > KcFiorts reaching 

your association, apparently]^ re you gcttmv U.c r^i,^ J^^^ producers are hcm^ under-paid or 
a similar desirable effect on cO th- oXon'riirwron^l-'is: "f you are one of tliem, taRe u up 
lation. w =>'•'' ""'" '• 

are pai 

They Drink Milk 

Lou Gehrig, 1934 home run 
says, "Milk is given an impoi 
place in my daily diet. 1 usi 
drink a quart of milk a day 
consider it an invaluable aid to 
health of an athlete, which a(ti 
is the most important asset a 
can have." 

I luntinx'lon. Pa. 
1 lurlock, Md. 
Kcltiin. 1\> 
Kcinplon. Pii 
Kcnnclyville, M«l 
KimlM-rton. I'a 
l,ancl»nl)erK, P.» 
l^cuinan Place. F'a 
Lewistown, Pa. 
i.ongsdoti, I a- 
Massey. Md. 
Mcrcersburo:. Pa. 
Moorefield. W. Va. 
Mt PIcusnnt. Del 
NH.s«aii, Del 
New I lollind. E*a 
Oxforrl, Pa. 
Princess Anne, Md. 

'""- t'\'°ZT~iS.y" n a'n effo., .o «e. full ,.»ynu„. to, you. ««l,|ir:„ p.. 

".T board resula.ions it is class 2C and ) li.cpr.ce appl.«. ^Jd P. 
'"' ble .o determine exactly ,o 101) „o.,n,l» o( n„lk of wba.ever .w 1 l,l|, M.l 

IS. II you tin- "'"^ "• , , , ■ 

r "• 1 ■AA}a:^u Zr association director or fuldman in your territory and ask h.s 

Congdon provided leadei«th the associauui. ..^vment 

that demanded destruction. ofi|lp in getting your "-'^nt pay , association's sales manager. 

nothing constructive. Such le| Or. if you ^''''^^'{Jl^^,-^^^^^ this work and has corrected mistakes 

ship is always open to suspire is spending considerable im 

This is a typical example. ^Tthe benefit of "^^"^ ';."^^."^!^''-to ^Uc price you should get. feel free to 

•" Should you be uncerta n as to t hy> V ,^^., j,,,,. 

^rofolr cTaLs of milk dass 3A a formula applies which is U^^;;^-^ 
.1 ft#.r the close of the month. based on test. Wavne»b<>ro. P* 

tltll aiicr 111 Y^rlcM Pa. 

ich dealer pays for an amount 
class I milk according to his own 
tales and 



Same Test DifTerential 

ynesDoro. i a. 
Yerkcs. Pa. 
Zieulersville. Pa. 

201 210 

121 ! 
















1 A\ 























- 50 






^ 70 










- 80 








2 09 

2 17 

2 12 

2 14 

2 19 



2 05 

2 07 

2 15 


2 17 







2 17 







2 16 



2 20 

2 19 

T. B. Test Deadline 

After December 31, 1934, no 
milk or cream can be sold legally 
in New Jersey unless the herds 
producing it are under Federal- 
State supervision for the eradica- 
tion of bovine tuberculosis. 

Practically all cattle in that 
state have been so tested according 
to the New Jersey Department of 
Agriculture. There are, however, 
a few scattered herds not yet under 
sujjervision. Owners of these herds 
face the loss of their markets un- 
less prompt action is taken. 

The rule applies with equal 
force to all herds which supply 
milk or cream to New Jersey, 
whether located within or outside 
the state. 

Oleo Bills Expected 

Dairymen everywhere must be 
on guard against attempts to set 
aside oleomargarine legislation. The 
laws now in effect in our various 
states and at Washington have 
been put into effect only through 
great effort and for the protection 

The Opposition's 

The quality of leadership is sig- 
nificant. Two years ago there was 
a definite fight against the Inter- 
State, its management and policies. 
As usual, it was engaged in by a 
minority, small but loud and 
clever. And its mouthpiece, who 
was he and what about him:> 

He was Clement H. Congdon, 
publisher of the Sunday Transcript 
and also of the National Invest- 
ment Transcript. Congdon is 
clever. I le knows how to sway with 
oratory and the printed word. He 
made statements andchargesabout 
the association and its officers which 
might easily be called slander. 

Were they true? They were not 
— except as they may possibly 
have applied to himself. For this 
same Clement H. Congdon, erst- 
while mouthpiece of Inter-State 
enemies, is now the defendant in a 
suit brought by the newly organiz- 
ed Federal Securities and Trade 
Commission. It is especially signi- 
ficant that this is the first case 
brought by this new commission 
whose job it is to protect the public 
from stock and securities swindles. 
Such government commissions usu- 
ally aim to select a clear-cut of 
guilt for their first court test. 

An injunction has been agreed to 
by Congdon's attorneys which pre- 
vents further dealing in his "Rayon 
Industries" stock which iiad been 
sold by "high-pressure sales meth- 
ods and by artificial quotations," 
pending outcome of the trial. At- 
torneys for the commission which 
brought the suit said that when 
Congdon's attorneys agreed to the 
injunction "it was, in effect, a 
confession of guilt to the charge of 
the Government that a flagrant 
stock-swindling sclieme was vic- 
timizing 33.00U gullible investors." 
It has been referred to also as a 
"million dollar" swindle. 

That, Inter-Slate members, is 
the type of leadership which ene- 
mies of your association have 
selected and followed in an effort to 
accomplish — no one knows what. 

It is significant that Congdon's 
activities resulted in the sale of his 
Sunday Transcript in rural sections 

he determines 

II iiavu. Hies aiivt "«= "*- , ■ • 

Helen Hicks, internationall^-ercentage of each producer s basic 
mous golfer, says: "Milk, toJiH be paid for at class 1 price, 
spells health, and having ieing subject, of course, to a 
health is the most important t||,eck-up by the control board. 

in our lives. I am oftimes cX Pnces of all other classes except ^^^^^^ __ ^_^ _ 
the milk-fed baby'— I have |A are determined according to ^.^^^^^ .,„,! g^.btracted if below 3.5 
health and I love milk." Mew York butter price, the daily [^^^^^^.^^_ 

A butterfat differenlial of 2 
cents per hundred pounds for each 
one-half tenth of oiu- percent 
applies on all milk in classes 1. Z, 
2 A and in. that amount being 
added if the test is above 1') 

Prices at receivinR stations located in 
zones not include.! in foregoing list are 
.,s follows: . 

iJ.Htance Price per Distance Price per 
,n Miles 100 lbs 
III to 120 $2 10 
201 "210 2.02 
211 •' 220 

in Miles 100 lbs 
Jll to 330 $193 

I 9<) 



1 89 


,ic percentage of basic which your 

....... e»l^^ f buying as class for the 

with himself is awfully disappo^rt.cular month in ^^"r'' °"i' J^'^ 
ing to other people. t^ry in which your milk is be^ng 

^ lold and the dealer s name. i nc 

—class or classes other than ^ '^^^ ' 

Ir,f*»r «;faf*» Milk fc which your dealer is buying milk 

Inter-btate M»lk f ^ ^^^ percentage of basic for 

Producers Associatiorf j^ ^^^^ ^j^^^ ^^^ ^^^^\ pomts. 

Incorporatecl ■ . ... , i* 1 1 — 

Flint Bu 


iiIi?n"'Ti;'N.''Bro.dS... he amount of milk delivered by 
»hii.JeipWi., P.. ]^^^ jy^i^g ^i^c month and its 

BMnting over 22.000 ll.iry F.rm«n^_p jpgj g^C both CSSCntial 
in th.k.U<Ulphi. M.Ik Shed VVtrdge ICSI. a 

Items of information. 

Full Information Needed 


n. H. Wehv. l'ieai<lent 

A. R. Marvel. Vice Pre.i<lent 

I. Ralph A>ller». Kxecutive .SecreUry \v--, r ii i 1 J„„ r>f <;iich 

I . M. Twinmg. Trewurer , U ith full knOWlcdgC Ol SUCH 

rr.nk P. w,ii.t.^A..«.i.nt T,e..ur.. J^^^g j^ j^ possiblc to scc whether 

Board of Directors jrou are being paid properly. Hut 

H. o. Tr.pi*. M""«?""««fy ^^iSven thpn it mav be necessary to 

John H. Bennetch. .sheri.i.n. R. I. LebM«i|,e(.k With the dealer to determine 
' p 


" "'eiier new i ripoii. t-ci"ii" "•■• . "'"v-vuv-i m, .o ^......r, 

k:^1. CroiL^o"5'R'4!-ch::r"V'>^n:entages in the various classes. 
H. w. Cook, tikton. R. 2. Md.. New Ui /^ fg^ instanccs have been ciis- 
E.Vt'Din;v.n. .Smyrna. R.D.. Kent Co D. covered of crrors in calculating the 

C. H. Joyce. Me<l(or<l. Hu.lington Co., N J • ■ • -■ ■- 

Chester H. Gro»s. M ' 

bacterial count of under lOOUO 
and 25 cents for milk witii a Ijac- 
terial count from 10,000 to 30.000 
shall be paid producers earning the 
bonus from November to April 
provided they also earned the 
bonus three of the six preceding 
months and one of those months 
being either July or August. 

Producers who do not earn such 
a bonus during those summer 
months shall receive a bacterial 
bonus of 25 cents and 1 5 cents 
respectively when earned. tioth 
butterfat and bacteria bonuses 
must be earned in order to receive 

The Classifications 

Practically all milk purchased by 
leakrs is placed 

... Philadelphia dealers IS 

Fre-l'w.meiier New Tripoli, l-ehigh Co.. f;\vhether hc is using the correct q^sscs 1 . 2. 2B. and i. 
lr.j.Book._Str..bur«,R.i.L...c..t.rCo;: j.^ . in the various classes. 


which is derived sweet or sour cream for 
human consumption as such Price in 
Philadelphia marketing area, f.o.b. coun- 
try receiving station or loading platform 
nearest producer's farm, three and one- 
half times New York butter plus 20 cents. 
Price in secondary marketing areas, t.o.b. 
dealers plant or nearest receiving station 
three and one-half times New York 
butter plus $.45. 

Class 2A Milk Includes all milk used 
,n manufacture of milk chocolate candy 
and confectioneries. Price anywhere in 
Pennsylvania, f.o.b. manufacturing plant, 
three and one-half time. New York butter 
plus $.30 plus or minus certain additions 
or deductions according to sanitary and 
c.uantity production requirements. 

Class 2B Milk-Includes all milk 
util«:ed in the manufacture of ice cream^ 
homogenized mixtures, soups or condensed 

Class 3A Milk Includes all milk used 
in the manufacture of American cheese. 
The price is the same over the entire 
state and is determined according to a 
formula ba»e<l on cheese prices at certain 
markets and the yield of cheese according 
to butterfat test. 

Advice on Cow Buying 

The New Jersey Department of 
Agriculture lists certain warnings 
when buying cows. 

First, if buying from a dealer, 
be sure he is licensed by the state 
Insist on seeing his license card and 
see that it is up to date. 

Second, see that the cow is ear- 
tagged and is accompanied by an 
official Federal - State tuberculin 
test card. If the cow is a purebred 
her registration certificate may take 
the place of the ear tag. 

Third, beware of too good a 
guarantee unless it is in writing. 
Fourth, if your herd is free of 
abortion or under supervision for 
control of that disease be sure that 
the animal is qualified to meet the 
control requirements. 

Such rules should serve as a 
guide in every state and they apply, 
except the dealer's license, with 
equal force when buying from 
other farmers. 

Bang's Test Regulation 

Cattle shipped into New Jersey 
after December 31 will be subject 
to a check-up on blood tests for 
Bang's disease. This test will be 
applied by representatives of the 
New Jersey Department of Agri- 

All cattle dealers of the state 
have been so notified by Secretary 
Wm. B. Duryee who also warns 
them that violation of the restric- 
tions on cattle which have not 
been tested for tuberculosis may 
cause the revocation of licenses. 

Cattle shipped into the state 
may be ordered held in quarantine 
until the Bang's test is complete 
and all reactors then found must be 
disposed of according to law. 


Uncle Levi Zink says: "You 
don't have to argue against com- 

Che..eWi.Gro.,.M.nci;;^.7r!'Y:-k 'a. V correct basics although no check 

J. W.Keith. Centerville. Queen Annei Co. M-liaS VCt bcCn madc Or COmpldiniS 
Oliver C. Landii. Perk««ie. Buck! Co .r«. rlptprmincd 

A R. Marvel, ta.ion. Talbot Co.. Md. reccivcd on basics as deiermuitu 
Wm. G. Mendenhaii. ijowningtown. chB" according to ordcr 17, cffcctive on 
I. v°<:Jtto.' R.i>..Cumi.erUmi Co. f' October I. Complaints, if any, 

Phd^ Price. W-t Che...,. R. 3. Che,«- ^ ^^ ^^.^ ^^.^^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^^^ probable 

John S Reialer. Nottingham. R. 3, P.- <-*■ jf^g^ having a chanCC tO chcck Up 
Co.. M<l. . i> " - _ , '11 

ig. Bowem. Berks Co.. Pa 

Class I Milk Includes all milk used 
a, fluid whole milk, chocolate or other 
flavored Price f.o.b, Philadelphia 
$2 60 Price fob. country receiving 
stations supplyin., Philadelphia according 
to railroad mileage from Philadelphia 
Citv Hall. 

~.^™»nT«1 mixtures, soups "• «-»"•" uuii i iit»»»- ••■" -•o — ,= _ 

orTonce^^^-^d whole milk sold m sealed „,,1,„. just collect a few CommU; 
contamers powdered whole milk and ^ists and take a good look at them. 

_. --•- ,, .,r 0" payments for October milk 

,.re..e„ck Trenton. R. O.. Merc.C ^^^, ^ ^^^.^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ 

Your association's job is to see 
that you get paid for your milk on 
Md ,c '^^ "«l^t basis. Come to us ■ 

.s. u. Troutman, Be«lfor.l. R. 2. Uedfoid i>^ ^}^^^^ j^ doubt in your mind 

Pa. . . „. . ^. p, «T •' • -' 

Allien .Sari^. Bowers. Berks Co 


N. J. 
H. U. Stewart. Alexandria. Huntingdon 

''•■ ^ D 

M. L. Slitt. Spruce Hill. Juniata C^"- "v, 
John Carvel Sutton. Kenne.lyville. KenH* 



R. I'VuMev. Molliday.lmrg. R. 3. Blair CoJ- 
Aaher H. Waddington. WowUtown. Salem" 

M. M. Welty, Wayneaboro. Franklin Co., P"- 
I-. P. Willita. Ward. Delaware Co., P«. 

Exacutiva Committea 
B. H. Welty. Chairman 
K. II. Donovan Ivo V. Otto 

J. W. Keith Krclerick .Shai*' 

A. R. Marvel R. I 1 u.iey 

Wm. G. Memlanhall F. P. WilliU 



e are giving you here the 
definitions of the various classes of 
■nilk and the price for those classes 
lor milk bought by dealers in the 
Philadelphia sales area and in the 
fwt of the state (except the 
PittsburghandScrantonsalesareas). ^„„np„. , „. 

All prices are quoted on the basis i laxer.u.wn. Md 
ol 100 pounds of milk of 3.5 percent 1 larringt.m, Del 

Re<lford. Pa. 
Boilini? Springs, Pa 
Prandtsville, Pa. 
l?ycTs. P.I 
Carlisle. Pa. 
( enterville, Md 
C hamhcrsburg. Pa 
( heslcrtown. Md 

Clayton. Del 

Curryville, Pa. 

I )nKsl)<)ro. Del- 

Dunrannnn, V->- 

llaston, Md. 

I el ton. n.1. 

Cap. Pa 

Cold.sboro, Md. 

Goshen. Pa. 


in Mile^mc 

261 270 

121 1«> 











2'il 260 
131 140 

121 no 

101 110 
HI - 90 

■Jl 60 

81 90 

41 50 

181 190 
91 100 

Price per 
100 lbs. 
2 07 
2 11 
2 15 

1 97 

2 12 

certain soft and foreign-type cheese. Price 
,n Philadelphia Marketing Area f^o.b. 
country receiving station or loading 
platform nearest producers farm, three 
and one-half times New York butter plus 
20 cents. Price in secondary markets, 
fob. receiving station or manu acturmg 
plant, three and one-half times New York 
butter plus $ 30. (An exception appl.« to 
condensed or concentrated whole m 
sealed containers.) . 

Class 2C Milk- Includes all milk 
utilized in the manufacture of farmers 
pressed cheese or cream cheese. Price, 
f o b. nearest country receiving station or 
n^anufacturing plan,, the butterfat con- 
tent of the milk, in pounds, multiplied by 
New York butter, plus 10 cents. 

Class 3A Milk Includes all n^.lk 
utilized in the manufacture of butter . 

ultimately sold as butter. Price in a" 
n^arketing areas IS the butterfat content 

of the milk, in pounds, multiplied by 

New York butter. 

92-Scora Solid Pack 


Sept.. 1934 
Oct.. 1933 

















26 78 

New York 



























26 93 
25 78 
24 04 












26 'i 

26 'i 







24 83 







MILK PRODUCERS RE\|Leinber, »934 

Home and Commumty 



£t\xat>etK McG. Graharo, 


Dear Co -Worker 
in the Inter -State 

Among Our Locals 

Times of crisis 
brina new comli^ 

... «»w kinds of 
tliinkin)?. 'W^*^ 

worl.l is reputed 
to hiive \yaA ten 
great tliinkers: 
One of tliese, 
Aristotle, we are 
told, taught 
if a one pound 
weiglit and a five 

From Middletown, Maryland 

Wc have a keen interest in the milk producers problems. 
For years we have worked beside our fathers, brothers, and hus- 
bands helping directly and indirectly to secure a living wage 
through the monthly milk check. Some years ago, the Inter- 
State in recognition of our interest appointed a Woman s Com- 
mittee We remember the Womens Programs, planned by this 
committee, at the time of the Annual Meetings as times of "^^'"^^ 
interest. They have been stepping stones to larger more helpjul 
activities on our part in the Inter-State generally. 

The Inter-State in its reorganization this year is trying to 
meet changing conditions as they arise, and create a wider field 
of interest and usefulness as well as larger cooperation among 
our milk producing families. 

The nucleus of the Womens Committee consists oj the 
wives of two producers, two fieldmen, two directors, and two 
additional members. We held a conference in September and 
gave our recommendations personally to the September Inter-State 
Directors meeting. The spirit of appreciation and cooperation 
shown at that meeting gave us faith in continuing efforts to enlist 
dairy farm women throughout our milk shed to help in theworf^ 
of larger cooperation and better solutions of our dairy problems 
Our hope is that the milk producers and their families will 
attend the local Inter-State meetings which we believe should be 
held regularly at least four times a year, and oftener as occasion 
warrants. Milk producing is often a family activity and the 
milk check often almost the total income of many farms, tor 
this reason the family interest is keen and their cooperation 
should be encouraged. 

During October and November the pre-annual meetings oJ 
the Locals are being held to elect officers and to review the milk 
situation generally. The women are being invited as well as the 
men, and reports arc already coming in telling of the lively 
interest on the part of both. 

This same spirit of cordiality is being extended to women 
to attend the Annual Meeting of the Inter-State in November in 
Philadelphia. It is of interest to know that New York state 
women have taken an active part in cooperative work for several 
years. Rural problems need outstanding cooperation and un- 
flagging interest for their solutions. Women are responsible as 
well as men in thinking and working for right economic conditions. 
The Womens' Committee is asking for your help in each 
local district in spreading this message of cordial welcome on 
the part of the Inter-State, and in encouraging many to attend 
both local and annual meetings. 

On behalf of the Womens' Committee, for a bigger, better 

We had a grand meeting -26 
men and 9 women. These folks 
were one of the group who last 
spring left their homes and their 
plowing at 2 A.M. on the morning 
of the annual meeting, and started 
back the same day after the ban- 
quet, many of them getting home 
in time for the morning work. Mr. 
Welty talked, and he has a way 
of walking straight into the hearts 
and confidence of his audience. 
Also, he thoroughly understands 
and appreciates the cooperative 
idea on the part of the farm 

Mercersburg, Penna. 

Attendance 57 men 24 w 
and a high school chorus oi 
boys and girls. 

The Mercersburg folks am 
for the High School Choi 
mostly sons and daughters 
the direction of their music te 
This is a large Local which 
backed the Inter-State to the 

^ ,uhaneously from a t *' ^_^^^^ ^ 

pound weight. hemK t;^ ^^^^ ^^ ^,,^ 

u .nme down live tirrie ^^^^^ ^^„ 

tfie un- 

,uld come dow.. -^ 

,nd wci(?»it Ill's 

tl,e thinking and 
Id for fifteen or sixteen hun 
Then came Calileo: he sajd^ 
'^^'''Le if i" works' He dropped 
^'""^a the same instant from a 

rcepted by 
Linking wor 

le weights 

,lltower.andwea.. ^^^-j ■• ,hc 
,Uev struck the earm 
, „, "This was a new metl.o.l. 
1:^^ Phs.cs, but infinitely 
'Int. It was a new way 


Yardley, Pennsylvania. 
October 19, 1934. 

(Mrs. Joseph S. Briggs) 
Chairman Womens' Committee. 


From Newtown, Penna. 

Our men want a Local meeting 
with the whole family invited, and 
a larger, more entertaining meeting 
after the annual meeting for South 
Bucks County. 

From Moorefield, West Virginia 

The county agent presided. We 
had splendid music (10 or 12 sel- 
ections) furnished by a dozen 4-H 
Club boys and girls with stringed 
instruments. These boys and girls 
came from all corners of the 
county, in some cases 40 or 30 
miles. Mr. Welty and Mr. Dun- 
ning gave the "Bread and Butter" 
talks on milk. Mrs. Dunning told 
of the women's work, and of the 
annual meeting, and read a couple 
of short poems. Suggestions were 
made at the meeting that groups be 
arranged, through various clubs, 
to visit the milk plant where Mr. 
Dunning is testing: that a black- 
board lessen in figuring out basics, 
surplus, milk checks, etc. be ar- 
ranged for the meeting whenever 
possible. Later we can use some 
movies and health plays splendidly. 

From the Clearspring, 
Maryland Local 

Just a small group meeting, but 
such a good one. We all sat around 
in a circle, and got a great deal of 
inspiration. Wc talked about 
more and better Local meetings. 
The Presidents of the Local says. 
"Just the thing. If we don't do 
some of these things we won't get 
the interest of our young people, 
and we'll have no ' Future Farmers'." 
Plans are being made for a county- 
wide meeting as soon after the 
annual meeting as possible. Wc 
named the second week in Decern- 
ber at which time the delegates will 
report. The five Washington 

County. Maryland. Locals will meet 
at the Lappans Community House 
with a full program music, lively 
talks, movies and possibly eats. 

saiiit • 

n know what hapl>en- 

ic same 

a new 

more im- 

of tliinking." 



-onomic crisis '», ";;V|;;;n;wo7ked out 


some lilt's """' ,1,^, v^itl, ull tlie 

;i ■ L I t^.Vf to mean that wim 
'hich I tiKCV" „„(r.iniinii us, some 

^ or d'"«^f^"', ,,„ wc feel we can 

■^""Urk individualism is 

.„ waT to community movements 

fvTLM word co-operation and 

take the .>M ,,,i„k,„j^. when we 

kcting of arm 


McConnellsburg, Penna. The first °"P.'";. ''";;,\, e « eatnee<l for 

Switzerland because ol ^''J * iVom 

Please note folks -attcndancf elp, by a l^w^aa.ry Urm^^^^^^^ ^^ 

jid Ijecausc 

Newark, Delaware Local r-jfj^^^^^ I'Tbr^Sh^leKil;! 

J or „ TU.i»i— ""•*<: crisis IS not through K^ ^ 

Six women and ij men. 1 n« 
are taking it startlingly for gr 
that the women are corning 
the work of the Associatiion. 
feels that we just can't "let 
down." More frequent meeti 
beginning with one after the Ai 
Meeting are being planned 

with the help asked of the w«"d1v" it " to the ■marRcung "•:-••; 
and young people in the prog^t," S^^^T^:: Z^::^^^^ 


ye or 

living way 


live to it a new 

women and 19 men. The ques 
asked and answered and the 
brought out: -These family 
meetings put more business, 
interest, more organization into 
milk business than has ever 
shown to me in my 1 1 years o( 
meetings. Nobody sleeps 


There is much for you in the 
coming Annual Meeting . • • 

Tuesday and Wednesday, November 20th and 21st 



A Special Program for the Women 

«Wha. Port Hove We os Wo.en in the Cooperative Movement?' 

Jteer'iand the movement 
rance and other ;"';";;;f» ,^-,", ,,,oader 
rfthem, rural peop e '*P,^^'"^',f \,,emselves 

everybody radiate, good Wlofcr,,';! 'O'":^ '^'^ ;i«-"'; 
-and we all talk .t over v,^.'^ „., ,, .„ .,|lu,,.nK "'"f „-",,; 
get together a. the (arm. P-*j;*-", >l^^XJo,^ 

Wayn.,b„ro, P.nn.. -^^^^X^^^f^'^. '^ 

Twenty-two men and seven'thinking along all ''"J* ^'^^^^j f« 
men. Do you know, the pleasar oik, of t^^^^^ ^,h one or 

surprising thing about having '^^^^ „, ^^e co-o,K;rative »"'^','^"''% 7;,';^ 
women expressly made welcom »[,« average farmer is a "'*'"''^/, ^. „iiy 
the meetings is the attitude oi |i-t-ensuchco opera ive»M he family 
men. 1 wish 1 had kept coun: >.'e -ter, .n the co.^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

the men who have come to m< coKiperatives solely as marketing or^ 
personally expressed their thai^an^ations conducte<l l.y men alone 

for making the women a P^^' % --" ^^^^Jp^J^rk and a^^^^^^ 
their meetings. They say againr" women of Denmark 
again that they would have cc ^^ ^^^-^^.^^ ,p^,ier for U-ttcr rura 
out more often if they had feltt conditions says "l have "l^'^f;^'-;^/, ;^ 
»^ k,;„„ fK^ir wivM the farm woman is the most imporian 

to bring their wives. .^ bringing about a bette 

"Folks, 1 do Wish you could b^ ^^^^^^^^ V^ American Agriculture it 
some of these meetings. 1 WlSO i, ^y belief that farm markctmg orgamza- 
of our men could be there. W tion, will never grow and be ""I'l^^fX 

life, their work and their ^ and lendmg her aid. 

• . „.; f„ fU^ir rbildren ^ In many sections, rur.l women are now 

interesting to their children^ y^^^ ^_^^^ ^.^,, the men to 

Welty has promised and we i^ ^^^^^^ educational programs which will 

have promised every possible r g,ve them a tl<:arer understandmg ol their 

vice that the Inter-State can ren*W,, ,„ »,,„, „wn '"' ;^'' ;;;;',,,"'';^: 

. -^ U „ :,» fl,»;, r.wn how tney are bringing to the movement ine 

to its members in their own no^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^g j ^^^^^.^^^^ thinking that 

the successful home makers have always 
done. They are reading they are speak- 

to their own families, in t^^^'^^^ 

communities. Men and WOUK g^^^ l hey are reading nicy uic =,-v...™ 

here have .aid repeatedly, thinb 2:'i'''L':r^'r,j':,V;X« 

men and women. 'The veryJ iS 
est service that the Inter-Stat e^ 
give us is to help us interejt j; 
young folks in our life, tcachj ll!: 
in every possible manner coopf"^ 

— _ iiu.. ..."• - - 

those who know. They are influencing 
tHought in the selection of leadership 
which stands for the high principles that 
'hey desire for themselves- an< their 
children. They are moulding the thinkmg 
o( their boys and girls to an appreciation 
"I real values in country life and to the 
opportunities for their preservation. 

•Women in Other C.K.per...ive, and Our Own" 

M.MM.I. K. liKl(.(.^. 

Chainnan. Women's Committee 

\'.inlley, Pa. 


The Next Step' 

\Vii.i.i.\M V Dknms, 

Professor of Rural So(i..l<.Ky 

Pcnnsvlvania State College 


* Inter-State* Luncheon 

ServediM a Special Dininu Koom for men and women 
(Prices, 35c and SOc) 

Important Session of the Association 

Addresses and Discussion of Dairy and Home Interests 

i:„ll.>winu the Afternoon Session 

A Get-Acquainted Hour 

. I ...1 tf. see what milk looks like throuuh 
Xn oppoi-tunitv lo .el -'.uainled with |.>lks n;.n <>^^^^^ .nu-and demon- 

L nncroscope to - -J;;;;;^ ^^.y^;;!.. kin. with milk, ancl other exhibits. 


Mrs. H. !>• Alk-lKuh, 
Trappc, r.i. 

Mrs. Banhiy .XUy". 
ViiKcntown, N. J. 

Mrs. Wilbur HarkdoU, 

Mt. Alto, I'a. 

Mrs Kohert F. Hrintoii, 

\Vi.>t ( iKstir, I'a 

Mrs. R. S. Urown, 

K.iston, M<1 

Mrs. Joseph O. Canby, 

llulmevilli', I'a. 

Mrs. 11. Walla, c Cook, 

i.lktoii, M<1-. '*• - 

Mrs. 1".. M.Crowl. 

Oxford. I'a., 1<-^ 

Mrs. 1-. H- Do'io^'t"' 

Smyrna, Did. 

Miss Maruarct Donovan, 

Smyrna, l>el. 

Mrs. J. l.cslic I'onI, 

Cooch, I'td. 

Mrs. Chester H. Gross. 
Manchester, Pa. 
Mrs. W. A. llaincs, 
Ikistol, Pa. 

Mrs. loscph Hallowill, 
ivylaiid. Pa. 
Mrs. Jesse- Kurtz 
C.irlisk, Pa. K. 1^- ^ 
Mrs. Oliver I.andis 
IVrkasic, Pa. K. !>••! 

Mrs. Percy Marvel. 
Oxford, Ni'l- 
Mrs. W.J. Mclvin, 
Darke. W. Va. 

Mrs. Pusey Moore, 
Chatham, Pa. 
Mrs. H. Wilson Price, 
ilear, Del. 

Mrs. GeorKe W. Schuler, 
Fleetwood. Pa. K. D- ^ 
Mrs. Fugene Stapler, 
Vanlley, Pa- 
Mrs. 11. B. Stewart, 
Alexandria, Pa. 

Mrs. William Sunday, 
\irninsville. Pa. 

Mrs. John Carvel Sutton, 
KennL'.lyville, Md. 

Mrs. Haves C. Taylor, 
Embrecville, Pa. 

Mrs. E. E. Thomas, 
Easton, Md- 
Mrs. George T. Titus, 
Sand Brook. N. J. 

Mrs S V. Troutinan. 

Bedford, Pa. K. \>- i 

Mrs. A. B. W iddington, 

Woodstown, N. J. 

Mrs. Koy WeaKli-y. 
ll.inerstown, M<1. K- 

1) 1 

(List of Hostesses 





5 j 




MILK PRODUCERS REfcember, 1934 


It is planned to give resolutions brought before the 

1 •• _f ..- ~.on^;afi/>n i« more nrominent 

annual iiiccniis «-»• j***-* ~ 

place than ever before. ^ . • ^ 

At some time during the Tuesday mornmg session 
it will be requested that all resolutions be turned over 
to the secretary after which each one will be g'ven a 
number, read to the meeting, then turned over to the 
resolutions committee which will combine duplicates 
and approve or disapprove the various resolutions which 

may be advanced. , ■ a.- 

Then during the afternoon session the reso utions 

committee will render its report and the resolutions 

will be voted upon by the meeting as a whole. 

Every individual, Local, or group of individuals 

who wishes to bring forth a resolution is free to do so. 

It is strongly urged that each reso ution be prepared 

in advance and written out carefully so its meaning 

will be clear and unmistakable. 

States Bureau of Agricultural Engi- 
neering. They should be large 
enough to deliver 5 gallons a 
minute to each outdoor faucet. 
Seldom are all fixtures used at one 
time, but for short periods a family 
of six mav use combinations of fix- 
tures that require 1 1 to 20 gallons 
a minute. 

Weak flow at faucets is often 
caused by small or clogged distribu- 
tion pipes. In general, branches 
longer than 25 feet or supplying 
two or more small fixtures should 
be constructed of pipe at least three 
fourths inch in diameter. 


Butter Standard Raised 

Under a new ruling, just issued 
by the Federal Foods and Drug 
Administration and the Maryland 
State Board of Health, producers 
of cream and manufacturers ot 
butter will be required to exercise 
even greater care in the future in 
handling these products. 1 he 
ruling states that cream or butter 
containing any foreign matter, such 
as hair, insects, or dirt, or which is 
decomposed, will be considered as 
adulterated and will be subject to 
seizure and condemnation. 

Economical Production 
Demands Good Feeding 

Dairymen of the Philadelphia 
Milk Shed should keep no more 
cows this fall and winter than they 
can feed well and keep in good 
condition, says E. B. Fitts. dairy 
specialist at Pennsylvania btate 

College. f r J 

The market price of feeds is 
higher than for several years and 
the trend still seems upward. On 
some farms the supply of home- 
grown feeds is not up to normal. 
In the face of these conditions 
dairymen may feel inclined to 
keep their entire herd and to teed 
scant or unbalanced rations to 
save money and lower the cost of 

producing milk. However natural 
such a practice may seem, con- 
tinues Professor Fitts. it is not at 
all in accord with the results of 
careful feeding tests or experi- 
ments, which invariably show that 
the cow or the herd carefully fed a 
balanced ration in accordance with 
needs produces milk at the lowest 
cost. Many herds in the milk 
shed would doubtless be more 
profitable if some of the poorer 
cows were sold and the remaining 
ones better fed. even if prices 

Guernsey Awards 

Word from the American Guern- 
sey Cattle Club reveals that a pure- 
bred Guernsey bull owned by S. W. 
Townsend of Cochranville. Penn- 
sylvania, has qualified for the 
Advanced Registry. Similar recog- 
nition has been given a bull of the 
same breed ownrd by M. 1 . Phil- 
lips of Pomeroy, Pennsylvania, and 
to one owned by N. K. Garber of 
Mt. Joy, Pennsylvania. 

Each of these herd sires has at 
least two daughters which have 
qualified for the Guernsey Ad- 
vanced Registry by producing in 
excess of the requirements for that 

Walnuts a Cash Crop 

Farmers who a re fort unatee 
to liave black walnut trees on 
property should take adv 
of a good crop and good price 
add to the family income this 

U.r ^lot-./^oirtrr of f-nf* CTOn nf n 

soon as possible, says W 
Simonds. acting forester for 
University of Maryland [-..xtei 
Service. Maryland's crop this 
it is stated, will exceed 'f.. 
bushels, and with prices 
tiiirty to sixty cents a , 
wholesale, this would net a 
siderablc sum to enterprising 
owners. The Baltimore nw 
alone requires 230.()0() poun 
walnut kernels. 95% of whict 
imported from other states, 
is the equivalent of more 
40.000 bushels of walnuts. \.i 
Maryland farmers could, buti 
not. supply. 

luid Market Holds Steady 





.o.rES IN TiiK dairy field 

omewhat mixed although. 

he whole, they show. mprove- 

J The local dairy situation is 

A ahnnc Willi IJI1V.VO .. '---o 

tiS few dairies looking for 

I markets. There have been a 
changes because of inspection 

Jrements imposed by certain 
Cs such producers seeking 
Its'that are less strmgent 

Cm f om dealers^ indicate 
at resales are liolding up well 

td there appears to be very 

G .k,,, am>car» lo l.f very litlli 

the market. 
'One disturl>ing 
it into 

Milk contains more of the 
ments needed by the body 
any other food. of more 
and dairy products, in the 
and on the farm, will mean sti 
bodies and better health. 

Americanism: Proudly boas 
of wearing no man's collar; m 
obeying a distant stranger 
orders a strike. 

program on every dairy 
farm in the Philadelphia Milk 
Shed, concludes Professor Fitts, 
should include the keeping of milk 
production records on every cow, 
the weeding out of all low produc- 
ers, and especially the good feeding 
of all cows that arc kept. More 
returns for each dollar expended 
for feed will follow. 

istressmilk on the - 

'*" • • factor which, it 

effect, is expected to 

duce milk sales by alnaost / 

,rcent is the proposed cash relul 

Ian for families receiving aid Ills 

covered on another page. Class 

price remains the same at $Z.OU 

,oE, Philadelphia for 3.5 percent 

„ik and corresi.onding prices at 

: eiving stations. Butter at New 

okisl-l>'^-"'« higher than in 

"ptember and almost 3 cents 

ir than October a year ago. 

•here has been a slight but persis- 

,nt rise m butter prices during the 

onth with a closing price of 2«.^U 
.nts, equal to the year s high and 

Ucxceededsinc.-December, I 51. 

This change will be rellected in 
price of milk intended for cream 

;nd manufactured products. 

The upward trend of milk prices 
in other fluid markets apparently 
kas subsided. A decrease has been 

lade effective in the St. Paul 

output as compared to September 
1933 The net change for the lirst 
nine months was a drop of ^.L 
percent as compared to a year 

'^The' trade output Onovcmenl 
into consumption channels) showed 
a 2 J percent drop for butter in 
SepUmber. a 12.7 drop m con- 
der,scd milk, a 12.4 percent increase 

in cheese output and a 42.4 percent 
increase in evaporated rnik. Alto- 
gether, there was aii 11.5 percen 
increase on a milk equivalent 
basis. All products together show 
;i 4 percent increase for the tirst 
nine months of the year. 1 he 
increased consumption o evapor- 
ated milk has had a depressing 
effect on (luid milk sales in many 

, ,, a i}„a, New ineffective in promoting 

ing the fall months. »^°^' ^ normal growth of children. 

Jersey and P-n"«y\^^";';' 'l-^Jj" Another school attempts to out - 

above last year and above mc^ ^^^^ ^^^^ cr.d-lish, with an iodized 

rraUzed^^r'the^cownord were^very XKiS PtOXy Will Do YOUF Votillg 

'°The program on every dairy We are reproducing on this page for your ^o"^«"'*";*Le effective in the ^W^^' 

'^^ - ■ blank proxy. If you have not signed one please do so at on|;,,_^^^^p^ii, ^^yV^iX, from $2.00 to 

You may name anyone to vote for you simply by filhn?|i70for Cliss I. and a reduction 
that person's name in the proper blank, dating the proxy, sifL^^ $2.23 to $2.00 i» b^'ng ^«"- 
ing it and having a third person witness your signature. T|ijg^gj ^^ Cincago. I he reason 
witness may be your wife, a neighbor or any one of legal «J|eported is the discrepancy ne- 

The person named on your proxy should be some one wh.Wcn prices ^"^ /l"''^, ^^'^^^^'^'e- 
planning to attend the Annual Meeting. The de egate Snd (or manufactured pur,M«cs.e 
your Local is the first suggestion. Any other local party »1|ultmg in pressure on the lluui 
plans to attend is our next suggestion. Any other person rotnarket. 
do it although officers and directors are accepting no prov^ . „ . , p •_. 
from outside their home territories except when asked by meiDairy Product Prices 
bers to do so. Give or send your proxy to the person whom) yj^^ manufactured milk market 
have selected. thows a decided tendency toward 

Proxies which are sent to the association office witho|,ighcr prices but also a tendency 
any name filled in will be ignored so fill in the name of t^oward an even more rapid increase 
person of your choice. in production costs. 1 his '""^"J/^ 

Should you be acting for the estate of a deceased person a reduced production ^ ;'^'» ^j the real ^au-^ " ;;/ ^ j,^ 
on file. This certificate can be used at later elections or .increase of manufactured 

Foreign Competition 

. A definite limiting factor on the 
nrice of manufactured dairy pro- 
ducts is the foreign butter prices 
On October 2 ) New /ea and bu ter 
was bringing the equivalent ol n./ 
cents on the London market. 1 he 
tariff on butter entering this coun- 
try is 14 cents a pound. Hus 
means that as soon as butter gets 
to a price that will permit even a 
fraction of a cent margin alter 
paying the tariff, butter will come 
into this country, displace our own 
l.utter and force the price down 

Should milk then be diverted 

to cheese and other products it 

11 increase supplies and bring 

year average. Maryland produc- 
tion is slightly below average while 
in Delaware production is sligh ly 
lower than a year ago and also 
under the 3-year average. 

Black Locust Grows 
Good Posts Quickly 

Black locust is popular with 
Pennsylvania farmers and the sup- 
ply is seldom large enough to hU 

all demands. .it 

Locust is valuable for both fence 
posts and lire wood. As a post, it 
h.s been reported to last longer in 

the ground than any other native 
wood. For fuel wood, a cord of dry 
locust is equivalent in heat value 

to a ton of coal. 

It requires a comparatively short 
time to grow trees to useful size. 
Hocust planting of 1000 seed ings 
should vield a bountiful supply ol 
post timber in I 3 to 20 years after 
nl-inting W. Ira Bull of Pennsyl- 
vania State College will supply 
information as to where seedlings 
can be obtained. 



Farm Plumbing 

To give reasonable service in an 
ordinary farm hous-?, the water 
pipes should be large enough to 
deliver not less than 3 gallons of 
water a minute to each faucet or 
valve at a sink, washstand, bath- 
tub, water-closet tank, and small 
shower, according to the United 

UIl lilt. M .l.O »,■.,.».. — — 

transferring the stock to another individual. 





Know All Men by These Presents 

That 1, the undersigned, being the owner of -hare, of the capital stock of the corporation above named, do hereby constitute 

and appoint (Write in Name of Delegate and Alternate) i . i i 

- „I»^. and stPad as mv nroxv at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the said corporation to be held in 
„,y true and law u attorney - -^ --sir^rPhlSphia pTn^s^Jl^nia at m ^ M. on TucLlay. the Twentieth day of November. 1934 and on such 
the Broadwood Hotel, ^road and Wo^ b eets J-^^,^^^^, „, otherwise, according to the number of votes 1 am now or may then be entitled to 

other days a. '^''^"^^'"''^^fl^.XT^i^^^^^ and authority to act for me and in my name at the said meeting or meetings, in votmg for directors of 
cast, hereby grant ng the said -^^rney tull p ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^.^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^,_^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ , ^„^,j j f personally prescn, 

said f rr^''''^" ,°7jittTt 'on and «vStion, hereby ratifying and confirming all that my said attorney or substitute may do in my place, name and stead. 
h^X ix'?r:« y -vK ny and all proxies or Power, of Attorney of like tenor given by me. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF. I have hereunto set my hand and seal this day of 





Contrary to exiK-ctations, butter 

'production in September was I lie 

highest on record for that month, 

being the first month ol the year 

to exceed the production of the 

corresponding month in 1053. As 

a result, additi<mal butler went 

into storage brins^ini? the total 

storage stocks on October 1 to 

124,814,000 pounds, just short ol 

the 3-ycar average but well below 

the enormous 19J5 supply of 174,- 

i 713,000 pounds. 

Cheese production in Septernbcr 
was 7 percent above a year earlier. 
making a record storage supply ol 
127,476,000 pounds, l^vaporated 
milk production went up H per- 
cent and condensed milk produc- 
tion was down 7 percent. .Storage 
stocks of these products showed 
decreases as compared to October 

All manufactured products, on 
a milk equivalent basis, showed a 
^ percent increase in September 

their prices to a 
K-vel This level lor butter can li 
expected to be London butter 
price plus 14 cents. . 

C ost of production. csfKCially 
for i^roducers who miist buy a 
largepartof their feed. IS expected 
to doi.nitely discourage production 
of milk for manufactured dairy 
products during the winter As 
'winter progresses the level of pro- 
duction is likely to be readjusted 
„pward or downward acc«^f"^f .^° 
tl e available supply of feed which 
will be in evidence. 1 his can no 
bo pictured accurately at presen 
because of the recent eflect of 

greatlv improved fall pasy*^^: 
"^Pairv production has fallen down 

markedly in the states west of the 
Mississippi, except in Minnesota 
i,nd Iowa where production has 
held up and butter output has been 
h,aviJr this fall than a year ago^ 
Most of the states east of the 
Mi.ssissippi have experienced an 
increased production per cow dur- 

Selling Milk 

The consumer, if we do not look 
out. is going to become so confused 

as a result of the promotion of the 
various special milks on the mar- 
ket that he will give up in disgust 
anci take beer or some other thirst 
quencher instead. 

The pasteurized milk folks try 
to instill a fear of the safety of raw 
r^i k. even though as Dr. Brew has 
pointed out. frorn the statistics you 
would have to drink 313 40.quart 
cans of milk a day for 70 years in 
order to reach your mathernatical 
chance of contracting a fatal milk- 
borne disease. , . 

The raw milk people voice their 
objections to the pasteurized pro- 
duct on the ground of flavor and 
destruction of vitamins. 

The Vitamin D milk vendors 
intimate that regular milk, lacking 
this extra vital spark, is pretty 

milk that makes every other sort 
sound like dishwater as far as its 
usefulness goes in human nutrition. 
The "high fat" boys talk energy 
and milk quality as though any- 
thing short Ol iiicii icit star.carc 
was a "gyp" on the consumer. 

In retaliation, the moderate fat 
milk producers sometimes refer to 
the high test variety as a builder of 
waistlines and billious conditions in 
the human interior. 

Then, to cap it all, the scientific 
chaps have discovered that niilk 
from cows fed on poor hay. is fairly 
U-thal in its effects on the young 
calf, and inferentially on the baby 
or any other consumer. 

There is probably a place tor all 
of these things. Probably most of 
the proponents are sincere in their 
arguments and believe at least a 
part of what they say. but it is a 
real question as to how helpful they 
are in promoting the use of milk. 
New York State is soon to em- 
bark on its half-million dollar pro- 
gram of milk advertising. We are 
confident that a thorough y high 
class job will be done in selling the 
idea of milk- not raw or pasteur- 
ized or soft curd or Vitamin U or 
"hi-tcst" or any special fad or 
brand or theory. There is plenty 
of data available for the purpose, 
and the firm that is writing the 
copy is a recognized leader in the 
advertising profession. 

—Hohlcin-Fricsian World 

Farmer: "Do you guarantee this 

clover seed?" i i u 

Merchant: "Guarantee. I should 
say so! If that seed doesn t come 
up, you bring it back and we II 
refund the money." 

Grandma: "Oh. Mary darling. 
I am surprised. Aren't you going 
to give your brother part ot your 

apple? „ . ,^ J- I 

Mary "No. Grannie. Lve did 
that and she's been criticized ever 

October Prices at Principal Markets 

I^CIUUCI X*. ._..:_ MilW Producers' Federation 


August 1934 Prices 
Received by Producers 

Milk. f. o. b. Market (x) 




1 I irtfonl 

Ni-w York <-"ity 

Dis Mc'ini-» 





Kans.i.s City 


Si P.iiil MinncipliB 

Pro\ iili"n<'«' 


(x) l-x.( |>t New Y 


Net Price 
I Vil 
I 33 
I 57'") 

I 94 

ork .(notations apply 

Basic f^ricc 
I ft3 

1 60 

From National Cooperative Milk Producer.' FederaUon^ 

^c;sf:.b.Cit^%Test|But^. ^^^^^ 

....»., Class 11 |ClassIIl||"B" 


sPittsburgh , ^ 

FDenver j ^ ^^^ 


sNew York (20< ™>« »"> 



I San Diego 


KBoSton (<8< rnile".n«). . 

pChicago (71 ">•'•""•> • 
rSt. Louis • • 

pSt. Faul-Mirineapolis 

;^'20l mile /.one. Boston to 181 mile zone 
andClucugoto?! mile zone 

-_ ,,„,Ur AAA. miiK marketing license 

.. Under State Control .u,.rvi«.on^r ^Unje^ ^^^.^^^ ^^^^^^^,^^ p^-^, ,,,^.fiea- 

L^ffil^^n^in^lu^ln this tabulation. 





That i( what every piece of 
good prinUnj U-AN IDEA 

If you would be interested in d good 
printer"! ideas about good printing, 
we are at your disposal at any time. 

Call, write or phone 
West Chester No. 1 

Horace F. Temple 



"JAY BEE" Grinder 

Grinds Every Grain- 
Roughage Grown 
Makes Feeds Go 255 

to 40% Farther 
Every dakyman-liva stock faedar 
can make hiKhly nutritious, pal- 
atable feed from home grown 
crops. Don't waste high priced 
fi-'ds feeding them whole. Grind tbem With 
"JAY BEE" ail steal hammar niH. 
Bit capacity. ODaratos wHh any farm ta«cter 
without jack shaft. Swing hammers. Quick 
changing screens. Grinds fine, coarse, me- 
dium. Long life. No costly breakdowns, JAY 
BEE" are the world's standard. Over 18,000 
In use all over the world, setting the stand- 
ard for capacity, economy and durability. 
Write for feeding facts, low prka. torms. etc. 
J. B. SEDBERRV. INC.. 163 Hickory St. Utfca, H.Y. 




Timothy Seed Shortage 
Encourages More Alfalfa 

The serious shortage of timothy 
seed, and the exceedingly high \-;\\^'-^ >t now commands, 
may "actually prove an asset in 
producing higher quality hay. Many 
fields that would normally have 
been seeded to a mixture of timo- 
thy and clover or alfalfa, will 
support full stands of the pure 
legumes if properly managed, l^ure 
clover or alfalfa not only provide 
more nutritious hay than grass 
mixtures, but tests have shown 
they also produce greater yields 
on suitable soils. 

The legume seeding, i by itself 
should be at the rate of 2 to ZU 
pounds per acre to provide a full 
stand. It would prove sound 
economy to plant only those clover 
or alfalfa strains that have been 
adequately tested and found suited 
to local conditions. 

Growers are urged to buy a 
once, the clover and alfalfa seed 
needed for spring planting, i-itc 
purchasers may not only have to 
pay more, but may also be forced 
to accept inferior seed. 

Since greater reliance is being 
placed on the legume where grass 
is omitted, it is essential that 
sufficient lime and fertilizer be 
applied prior to planting of winter 
gt^ain. On fairly good soils, the 
broadcasting of lime and fertilizer 
during the winter may be adequate 
for early spring seeding of legumes. 


The use of clean, sterile equip- 
ment is one way to help cut losses 
by producing milk of a low bac- 
terial count. 

Guff: 'There's only one honest 

way of making a living. 
GafT: "Why, how's that:> 
Guff: "1 thought you wouldn t 



if he is given something to play J^eadctS LettCtS 

with", suggests Professor Good- 
man. A keg, a log, or a steel drum, 
he says, will encourage the bull to 
move about. Or place a strong post 
six feet tall in the midd^le of the 
yard and to the iup of t..:3 .-=-=" 
a chain about two feet long. lo 
the lower end of the chain fasten a 
keg or old milk can. The bull will 
play with this by the hour. 

Wisconsin Production 

Production per cow in Wisconsin 
on October I was reported as 
almost 7 percent higher than a year 
earlier and with a slightly larger 
number of cows per farm total 
milk production was 8.3 percent 
greater. Fewer calves are being 
raised which promises reduced cow 
numbers later. 

It is probable that when the 
unusually good fall pastures are 
gone there will be heavier market- 
ing of cows as feed supplies are 
short and feed prices high. 

The September price for all 
Wisconsin milk wjxs estimated at 
$110 per hundred, a high equalled 
only once since 1931. Price of milk 
tor cheese was $.97. for butter 
$1 10 for condensaries $l.lo. tor 
fluid market $1.45. Butterfat 
prices were estimated at 27 cents 
a pound and farm butter at Z5 
cents a pound. 

October li 
Inter-Stale Milk Producers' Assoc.. 
Philadelpliia. Penna. 
Dear Sirs: 

1 tliouglil you mi«lit he interesi 
Know iiov. it.j .....— — ■ 
the check for me at in 

alwut AuKiisl 1st. 

Before you made tiie check test ;; 
tcstini? 3.0()'-^&. 

The two tests in AuHfust were ) i 
3.60?^ in Septeml>er they were ].tt 
3 40% and the first half of Octoba 
3.60%. . 

I may be funny but it will tdkei 
talking to convince me that my milki 
tcstmg only '% before you itiidi 
check especially since my milk test 
the Dairy 1 lerd Improvement Aw 
di<l not go down along with 

I want to tiiank you for the ini 
you took in the matter an-l assort 
that it was greatly apprecl ited. 

Thanking you again, I remain. 
Very truly yours. 


Our Own Dictionary 

Banana Food article 
brings the weight down. 

Diplomat Man who remeroS 
a woman's birthday but not 

Etc. Sign used to make ot 
believe you know more than 

Man The only animal that 

be skinned more than once. 

Tale The biggest part of a 

La 7 ouraine Ai 



/„ onlrr to avmd .onfuston ^'ff '' « .^ ^^ ^^^ \ 1^//, ,l,e annual 
,,ul quests a, ,l,e /^'-/-' .'l' ''/i;!;; J .^"Si^l^I/..^ on 

^Tf<^i!'::. ;;^^^r.'w. ;j' -- ^^-^'" '^ -"-^ '"" "" 

used as in t>rn'ious years. ^ ^ _^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^.^^^ nrrange- 

UV nriie that tickets ne punnH..'^ Y'l'ZJs ions made for all who 

r,u:,Us may he planned in '''''y';-;;'^ ,^ ; ', 'X . ^.We ./»'^. 

'^^^'^" '" '''':;V::: ^;:^':^ .'.;;;::;. ..^^/'^'^ >o '- seated to. 

':r:rZ:nJ:i^:nresent their st^ 

together u-ith the name and f^^t ale tinn, x Lmher I7lh, so that 
he in the hands oj the ,ommillee ,wtlahr inaj 

hroper seats may he assii^ned. ^ ^-^ 

Make .our r...r.,„ions at on. e ^^ "^ 'o "^oi'l '"-f-'^'^"^ 

Till- Hanmikt ("ommittkk 


./■";.v;-' ■■ 


' ■> 



A good clipping machine 
for cows, horses, mules 

( li|i cowB right now (or more milk milk. lieu.T milk. H.hhI 
IKjwiT iniicliine. $12 .SO. Stew.irt 
rU-< irii (lii.m.iatcr willi jxiwcrful 
motor iii.siilf tlic hamllc. K.i»l — 
easy to iiw. 2(1 ft. cord and plug 
()iil> $I.S. /\t your d.-alrraor 
wild $1 l':iy b.ilanir on ar- 
rival. S<nd for frt-i- Stewart 
catalog of 1 lipping and sliear- 
ing in.ifliinP!* M.idf and guar- 
antod by Cliiiago Kl.xil.le 
Sli.dt Co , ^64") Roosevelt Rd , 
(hi. ago. Ill 45 Yran Mtikine 
OntUilv I'rtuludi 




wnh Unlv*r>al Motor 


Write lor Our Price* 

S38 West St , N y. C. (Open All NijM) 

Leader at village band practice: 
"Ezry, — ye'r two bars behind t - 
others." . , 

Ezry (testily): Never mind 
that! I kin catch up to 'em any 
time I want to." 

The most discouraging feature 
about the promised Uptopias is 
the kind of people who promise 

Milk Producers' Review adver- 
tisements carry interesting news. 
Read them regularly. 

Give Bull Own Yard 

"The old saying, *A bull is a 
necessary nuisance', need not be 
true if a farmer has a safe bull 
yard and breeding stall '. says 
Professor A. M. Goodman of the 
New York state college of agricul- 

" A good bull-yard will confine the 
bull safely and provide shelter from 
bad weather; it will keep the bull 
strong and virile by allowing him a 
chance for exercise; it will facilitate 
herd breeding. 

The yard should be constructed 
of good posts, nine feet long set 
in the ground three feet and ex- 
tending above the ground six feet. 
Rough planks, poles or other 
strong, cheap material should be 
used for the fence, which should be 
spiked to the posts on the inside. 
or the side next to the bull. A 
breeding rack in a good breeding 
stall, the entrance of which is 
controlled by a gate, is of vital 

Importance. r • . 

Diagrams and specific instruc- 
tions for building the yard and 
stall are given in a mimeographed 
statement, number 180, which Pro- 
fessor Goodman has prepared. 

"A bull will take more exercise 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

The following IS a report of the work 
<l<.ne by the Quality C:ontro Depart- 
ment of the Dairy Council for the 
month of September. 1934: 

No Inspections Made ' ' '^ 

.Spcci .1 I "arm Visits '^^ 

No .'Pediment Tests \f^^ 

ii:.cteria Tests Made ^^^"^ 

No. Meetings -u) 

Attendance ,. 

i3ays Special Work ^^^ 

No. Miles Traveled ...24,948 

During the month 83 dairies were 
(liscontinuerl from selling for failure to 
comply with the regulations ^J dair- 
ies were re-instated before the month 

was up. _ , 

To date 29'J,262 farm inspection.s 

have been made. 

fieWman see when they look at milk 

, .l^MirK A cow makes the same noise a, 

P„'or.'K:'Rl;:"w v.: tallir . and .ives n„lk bes.des^ 

Report of the Field an ^^^^ ^^^ Reldman see 

Test Dept. Inter-Stak . ^^^ microscope. „f whether 

Milk Producers' As»:« a few minutes with this mstrurncnttelsth^st^^^^ .^ ^^^^^ 

he milk is handled properly or carelessly, w 

rotn cows with healthy or *!'«^»f„° "';°*" of normal milk that 
Sketch No. 1 «hows a microscopic v«w °J " ^^^^ 

It. been kept clean and hf^"°\ ^*^Vd out a« « ^""^'^y P'°**"^^ 
Sketch No. 2 shows '^'/VfoneHv certain bacteria developed 
lut because it was not cooled properly certam 

:h caused it to turn sour. unsanitary surroundings 

The effect of careless ^^^^^^''i^' ^"^f^"' 3 ihich contains 
ind dirty utensils, is f^^T 'Pa ^„ Addition to a slight growth 
everal different types of ba^^'*"?,,'" ^"^Iv spoil any milk, givmg 
if yeast. Such contamination ^'"^7"'^;'^ ^Ag it gassy. 
it bad odors, bad flavors and ^^T^^^'^.^f 'T^^a"? iUs^i, shown in 
, The presence of the bacteria causing mast t, ^^^^^ 

iketch No. 4. These bacteria are of the ^^^l^^^^^^.^^ ^^y be 
indicate a diseased udder of which °"« [°„*^°^;^2dor and a small 
.affected. Such milk usually carries '^^^^^'^'^^^^ ,f a cow has 

^moant of it will contaminate an entrre supp>^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

mastitis, sometimes called garget, Keep nc 

of your supply. 1 „i,-i.-,i, are leucocytes, some- 

The larger black objects in each ^.^'^J^^ .^^^ ^timber in Sketch 
times called'white blood corpusc es. Jjj^^^^^^^^^^.^^.ed thesecell 
No. 4 is due to an infection in the ^i^^^^^^^ a healthy 

bodies to concentrate there in «" ^f^*^^ {°/*^V ^hem. They 
condition. All normal m«lk «=°"*?\'l' "*^ne that colors the 
show black in this «ketch because of the^g ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ 

bacteria to make them visible, l ne lai^ s 

The following slaliMlus show 
operations of all the Inter .State 
Pr.Klucers' Ass<.cialion fieldmen 
connection with testing, weigliing 
general membership work lor 
month of .Septemlier. 1934: 

Butterfat Tests Made jLhich caUSed 

Plants Investigated !m tu- ^a^^t 

(alls on Meml)er8 . . ■ 

Quality Improvement trails. . 
Herd .Samples '1 ested ■■■ 

MemlMjrship Solicit .turn t alls 

New Members Signed 

Cows Signed , ,. 

i'r.tnsfcrs of M.-mbcrship 
Microsc >; if I e ts 

Ikom Thyin>'l lests 

Me<tin.;s Attcn led 

Attendance at Meetings. 



Send in attached coupon at once 

*-"■" ■ 1 I » 1 f cililies at the anniJ»- —vicua vu man.*. »■• 

The Association has arranged for «P^i^','' '", rj,„^d ^nd Wood Streets p,e,,n^ j„ ^y^ whole milk 

meeting hotel headc,uarter8. the Broadwood Hotel. Uroau 

Philadelphia, Pa. ., , i i ,i,„ nd'ices of the Intf 

'"'%T:.^.ux ,..e .o, ™.. 7;'>,^«'\i;«;irit''r».Xr..H..".M«t Producing Need 

•■When my wile aiul my 
JM.y an<l ^irl drive the car, 
1 (lont waul to take any 
.•bancc-s. I know tlial 
accidents will hapin-n. n" 
,„.i,ter hf.w caiftiil >"ii 
,,\ t.. I'c. Aii'l if they ^el 
i„„, an accidenl. I don't 
w.uil them belli for <lam- 
aj.c>. That's why I «air> 
■|hreslu-inu'ii and lai iners. 
It's u«>"d to know ih.U 
M.mconc else will .isMiine 
the <ost of lawyer-' feo. 
cMiil^fs an<l <lani.ines 

if I ,,r some member of 
my family i> 1h-1<1 respon- 

Our protection costs very 
Utile, especially for people 
livinn in the country or 
small ( ities and towns. 


Our Workmen Compensa- 
tion Policy provides protec- 
tion for both employer and 
nnployee and has returned 
a substantial dividend every 

have a chance of making a return 
to their owner. 


^2S S. .ST.. .ST. ^1ARRIS1UJRC;^PA- 

r'"i:a"l"; IT.'l'^.'aTdlsuaUri'^Co. Harrisburft. Pa- 


In order to be located at the ^\f "^l"''""" ' TriV ^^ „earby hotels. 
he made promptW^Oyerflow_wjlI_bejccommo<^^ 

Inter-State Milk Producers* Association, 

219 N. Broad St., Philadelphia. Pa. , „ , _j i |„t,l for 

Please reserve room accommodation at the Broadwood Hotel for 
Meeting at the rate of $2.00 per day. per person. 

Check day of arrival-Nov. 19th Q Nov. 20th D 


Number in party — 

Number rooms desired 

Every cow has an overhead cost ^^jj ^^^,^ ^^^^^ ^ 

whether she produces any milk or i" ^...Korltv Many a man 

«. 1, co„r $30 .o $» (or (eed d.pUy of>my. 
m to maintain a cow for a year. 
reports R. H. Olmstead of the 
iiiry department of Pennsylvania 
State College. 
Low-producing cows cannot pos- 

«My make any money and will be 

'drag on the rest of the herd. 

^ cows well managed and pro- 

'•fly fed are the only ones which 

, ,„Uen,en- Sen.l n,e full infori,,a,i.H. .on...rnin« n.w. n.-lu..-.l 
rate iH.liry f..r rural .hv.ll.Ts. 
I I am iun-n-sted in 

thinks he is doing a fine bit of 
mule driving when the mule is 
just hurrying home on his own 

.Savages are people who haven't 
enterprise enough to destroy trees 
and grass and let the land blow 


I.J' Model 

Mail M-'k.-ofCar 

Today n ""'''''■"'''''''''''''''''' 

I Uiisiness 




I Th,s ,„<,«,>> rfo«m^t^i'>«'^';;^i°j;-^J|^- 1 






Proposed Cash 
Would Cut the 


Use of Milk 

1'here is grave danger 
every producer who supplies 
milk to Philadelphia may lose a 
substantial portion of h.s C ass I 
market. This is bound to follow i 
a relief proposal recently brought 
forward is put into effect. 

The proposed change would give 
cash to families on relief to spend 
however and for whatever they 
may choose. At this writmg the 
plan has not been put mto effect 
the relief families still getting food 
orders, milk orders, rent orders. 
These orders are good only for the 
purposes for which issued and in- 
sures that the relief money will be 
used in a manner that will do the 
greatest good for the greatest num- 
ber as determined by experienced 
social service workers. 

So what? Just this! Lxpcr.ence 
shows that relief families would buy 
less than half as much as they 
now get under the food and milk 
order plan. They tried cash relief 
in Baltimore and milk purchases by 
relief families dropped down to i^ 
percent of the former level, accord- 
ing to reliable reports. 

Estimating a 60 percent drop it 
such a plan should be tried in 
Philadelphia, and with between U 
percent and I I percent of all milk 
in this market going to families on 
relief through milk orders, we hnd 
that it would mean almost a / 
percent drop in sales of fluid milk 
the same drop in your Class I sales^ 
It would mean that this amount ot 
milk for which you are now getting 
Class I price would be forced into a 
lower class, most likely Class ^ or 
the butter class, with a difference ot 
at least $1.00 a hundred to you. 
Stated another way it wou d have 
the same effect on your milk check 
as though for two days every month 
all your milk would bring only 
Class 3 price with the regular 
amount of Class 2 and 3 milk all 
the rest of the month. 

Estimate Two Million Loss 

f „- •■ 2vr%»rii>nrf> it would rc- 

s'uTt inThousands of families using 
much less milk than their present 
inadequate consumption. 

The survey of milk consumption 
made in Philadelphia last June 
showed that families on relief were 
consuming about 2.12 quarts per 
family each week while those who 
were getting a very low inconie but 
not on relief were using substan- 
tially less than that amount ot 

milk. , , , 

We are convinced that very tew 

families realize the importance of 

milk for either children, mothers or 

other adults, or its economy as a 

food. Not knowing its value, nriost 

of them would not buy as much of 

it. It would take years to teach 

the tens of thousands of relief 

families who need to know the full 

importance and economy of m'"'- 

Perhaps even then many could not 

be taught at all and others would 

accept the facts only in part. 

For the protection of their health 
and of your income the officers of 
your association. Dairy Council 
executives, almost all nutrition 
and diet authorities and many 
others have brought all these facts 
and many more supporting the 
same policy before relief authori- 
ties, urging them to continue reliet 
orders at least as far as milk is 


Should the plan be extended to 
all Pennsylvania, as proposed it 
would mean a loss of about $170.- 
000 a month or $2,000,000 a year 
for the milk producers of the state. 
The cash relief plan was propos- 
ed, it is reported, to improve the 
outlook of those, who through no 
fault of their own. are forced to 
accept aid. Yet nutrition authori- 
ties tell us that most people use 
only about one-half the milk which 
sound food planning requires and 
families now on relief are no excep- 
tion. They also tell us that fluid 
milk is one of our very cheapest 
foods on the basis of its actual food 


In other words, relief money 
spent for milk buys more actual 
food than is possible with any 
except a few isolated foods which 
could not provide a balanced diet. 
Remember also, that milk obtained 
through relief orders is at a 10 
percent reduction from the regular 


Therefore, giving cash reliet in- 
stead of milk orders would not only 
; reduce your income but, judging 

Use More Cheese 

National Cheese Week is sched- 
uled for November II to 1 7 accord- 
ing to a proclamation by A. G. 
Schmedeman. Governor of Wis- 
consin, in which state 65 percent of 
the nation's cheese is made. 

This is the second annual cheese 
week and is planned as a means of 
relieving the nation's 25,000.000 
pound surplus of this product. This 
year's effort is being made because 
of the success of a similar week in 


Agricultural leaders throughout 
the country and commercial firms 
which handle cheese are cooperat- 
ing in this effort to move the 
surplus of this product and thereby 
help dairymen who are dependerit 
upon cheese as an outlet for their 


The food value and economy of 
cheese are being stressed in the 




...•; IP 


West Chester. Pa., and IMuhKlclplna. V 








^o. 8 

nter-State— Foro^arrf/ 

rogress Was Keynote 
f Successiul Meeting 

Cull Poorest Pullets 

Culling out the poorest one-tenth 
of the pullet tlock as it is put into 
winter quarters is money in your 
pocket, according to W. C. Thomp- 
son of the New Jersey agricultural 
experiment station. The poorest 
pullets seldom pay for their winter's 
feed and it is better to convert 
them into cash before carrying 
them over winter. 

PemhurH llazvl, 99039, of Fillmore Fnrm licnnington, Fl., owned 

by Mr. J. C. LulgaU. 

Ayrshire Breeders' Associati 

For the last five years PenshurHt lla/.rl has averaged 12.141 
lbs. of 4.6% milk «.. Karro Dairy Fee. . 
fieureH for each year show the following lolals: 10,7.7 lb«. 
11,239 ».«., 11,916 lb«., 13,470 lbs., 13.303 lbs. Grand l«ul 
for the entire period: 60,705 lbs. milk and 2,792.1. lbs. but- 
terfat. All done on two milkings daily. 
Penshursl Hazel is profitable because she is a, con- 
sistent producer. She makes a lot of n»\k all 1 1, r um 
And the reasons for this are her natural, inherited niiH- 
making capacity, g<HMl management, and a uniform fee* 
that keeps her alwa>s in pcrfcil health and c«u.d.tion, an 
supplies her with all the needed milk-making maleriab 
from the right sources and in the right j.roporlions. 

That's what it lakes to make any herd pn.lilabic— go 
cows, go<»d nuu.agemeni and g<MMl feed. And the belter tht 
feed is, the bigger the are. Put your herd on Larw 
Dairy Feed and y<Mi will make the grcalest possible prom 
from eycry animal, because l-arro is the best feed. barn- 
Research Farm proved it. IN nshursl lla/.el proyed ^l 
Thousands of c<»ws of eyery br. cd are pri.ying it every da) »« 
the year y\hereyer Larro is sobl. 

ffriu- „.l,.yf..r ,Ur .l..,.,il..l s, ..r y ../ I'e,.,h,.rn, Ih.,,!'. .,.Ml "'<•"'''• ||J;; 
fr^ U. dairymen in Mi.higa„, Ohi,. ,. ,„l ..»..«..■. u. ,1... .■„., .,n.l ...uin. 

h WAS A GREAT meeting on 
November 20-21. There was no 
aoubt about the direction the 
kter-State Milk Producers Asso- 
aion i» taking. It is forward. 
Forward to new fields, a greater 
rianization. a better undcrstand- 
ofwhat the Inter-State means 
Xi members and what it can 
m when the spirit of cooperation 
the essentials of sound mi k 
....keting policies are thoroughly 
appreciated by the great majority 
if Inter-State members. 

Estimates of total attendance 
raried from 700 to 1 ,000. an ex- 
•llent representation considering 
quiet that prevailed preceding 
e meeting and the hectic air that 
meated the postponed 1 Hi 


The meeting was harmonious. 
was evident that the member- 
lip is back of the policies of the 
sociation as there was no outcry 
;ainst it, no attempt to stampede 
le meeting, no evidence of dis- 
•rd. There were differences of 
)inion as shown by free discussion 
a(ew resolutions. But that is a 
jvorable sign, esjx^cially when the 
(pinion of the majority was ac- 
ipted with good grace by the 
linorities where differences did 

The small minority vote on the 
solutions which evoked discussion 
lowed that all sides took full 
ivantage of their privilege of the 
loor. Independent thinking and 
tersonal judgment on the questions 
l( policy were very much in evi- 
lence as there was no evidence of 
bloc" alignment on any questions 
ir resolutions. 

«yor Gives Welcome 

The meeting opened with a short 
iddressof welcome by J. Hampton 
loore. Mayor of Philadelphia, 
'ext came the appointment of the 
solutions and election committees 
ollowed by the election of direc- 
ora. The election was speeded up 
reatly by the new method of 
taking nominations which is done 
" advance by the members resid- 
"? in each district wliere a vacancy 
* to occur. The ballots were all 
'f«pared in advance and the elec- 
'on completed in good time. 
There were sixteen candidates 

didates were J. W. Ke. h rom 
CenterviUe.Md.. District 0; John 

Carvel Sutton. Kennedy ville.McT. 
District 19;C. H.Joyce. Medford 
N I District 20; and b. U. 
Troutman. Bedford, Pa.. District 
21 all of whom were declared 
elected by instructing the secretary 
to cast unanimous ballots in their 
favor. The results of the election 
in those districts in which contests 
occurred are given herewith, the 
vote being stated by number ot 

It showed a reduction in income 
and a marked reduction in ojierat- 
ing expenses for the year, also a 
special expense of more than $H.3t)'J 
for extra legal fees, llxpenses were 
reduced in almost every account 
except for a sharp increase in 
annual meeting cost. 

F M. Twining then reportecJ on 
the year's work of the field and 
rest Defjartment of which he is 
Director. Phis is also covered on 
another page. Of special interest 
was the improvement in the re- 
turned milk" situation. A compari- 

son with 1923 conditions revealed 
a very great improvement in test- 
ing accuracy, correct weights and 
numerous other sources of trouble 
to milk producers. 

A motion properly passed au- 
thorized that a telegram be sent 
Frederick Shangle. Director and 
former Vice President, who was 
confined to his home by a threat ot 
pneumonia, the telegram to express 
greetings and sincere good wishes 
for a rapid recovery. 

The afternoon session opened 

(Turn lo page U) 

The Election 

District 9 

Howard Brown 
John S. Reisler 

1 .668.9 

District 12 • ^ 

Wm. G. Mendenhall 2.3^tt.^ 
H. B. Detweiler 477.3 

District 17 

H. B. Stewart 
P. J. Cox 
H. F. Clark 

District 18 

M. L. Stitt 
T. R. Auker 
H. H. Bradford 





,. . ,. ,» .,-, Mich. E°' ^'le nine i)ositions of director 
The Larroyve Milling Company, Dept.O Uclroil, Mien |^^^ ^^.^^ unopposed in their dis 

WE MUST point out again that 
Upton Sinclair's "Epic" stands 
for End Poverty in California and 
not Establish Pigs in Clover. 

'"r being unopposed in their dis 
Ns, while two districts were 

"presented by three .candidates 
1^ All former Ijoard members 

7^ terms expired were returned 

.*n« board. The unopposed can- 

District 24 I I JO 7 

H.L. Davis .139.7 

Asher B. Waddington 1.769.5 

Official reports were next re- 
ceived. Executive Secretary I. 
Ralph Zollers gave his report which 
revealed that 23,795 shares of stock 
of the association were outstanding 
on October 31. Sec page 5 for his 
complete report. 

The Secretary also reported on 
the outcome of conferences with 
dealers concerning their policy ot 
shutting off producers after return- 
ing milk. T his had been requestec^ 
by resolution at the postponed 
1933 annual meeting. His report 
stated that efforts to have the rule 
set aside have not ijeen success! ul 
as yet but that l)y getting a closer 
cooperation between members con- 
cerned and the field and test 
department the causes of returned 
milk were found in almost al cases 
where reported, and the producers, 
with few exceptions, were not 
penalized or were quickly restored 
to good standing. 

The financial report of the asso- 
ciation was presented l>y , <;.'^^'V^^ 
V. l-ernald. Certified Public Ac- 
countant from the firm of McCee, 
r-leisher and Co., whicli made a 
complete audit of the looks of your 
association. report appears on 
page 6 of this issue of the Rkvifav. 

Your Representatives 
For 1935 

The complete list of directors °f ^^'^ »"{:;-^;:i: 
Milk Producers^ Assoiatjon - ^^-e^^ Inere^J- you^ 


they have selected for the Executive Committee. 

B. H. Welty, President 

A. R. Marvel, Vice-President 

1. Ralph Zollers, Executive Secretary 

F. M. Twining, Treasurer 

H. E. Jamison, Assistant Secretary 

Frank P. Willits, Assistant Treasurer 

H. D. Allebach, Sales Manager 


H. D. Allebach, Trappe, Montgomery Co., Pa. 
S K Andrews, Hurlock, Dorchester Co., Md. 
John H Benn^tch, Sheridan, R., Lebanon Co.. Pa. 

C H. Joyce, Medford. Burlington Co., N. J. 

j; W. KeUh, Centerville, Queen Annes Co., Md. 

Oliver C. Landis. Perkas.e Bucks Co Pa. 

A R. Marvel, Easton, Talbot Co., Md. 

Wm. G. Mendenhall. Downingtown, Chester Co Pa. 

IvrV. Otto, Carlisle, R. D., Cumberland Co., Pa. 

Philip Price, West Chester, R. 3, Chester Co Pa 

John S. Reisler, Nottingham, R. 3. Pa.. <>.ecii v, 

H B Stewart. Alexandria Huntingdon Co.. Pa. 

M. L. Stitt. Spruce Hill. J""'«^f. ^"^'en^ Co Md. 
John Carvel Sutton Kenn«lyvilU.Kent^^^^ 

S U. Troutman. Bedford. K.^. f «°;".'^"^ 'p« 
R I Tussey. HoUidaysburg. R. 3. Bla.r Co^ Pa. 
LherB. Waddington. Woodstown. Salem Co.. N. J. 
B. H. Welty. Waynesboro, Franklin Co.. Pa. 
F. P. Willits, Ward. Delaware Co., Ka. 

A. R. Marvel, Chairman 
E H. Donovan Frederick Shangle 

I W Keith B. H. Welty 

' Wm.G. Mendenhall F. P. Willits 






Our Year's 


A 11 ^4- 


By B. H. Welty, President 


E HAVE just completed the 
eighteenth year of our asso- 
ciation's work and service. 

Our association has been working 
with the New Jersey M.Ik Control 
Board as well as with the Penn- 
sylvania Board. 1 am glad to 
report that the relationship be- 
tween our association and the New 
Jersey Board is becoming m^ore 

effective month by month. This 


During that year we participated 
in several fundamental changes in 
market conditions. 

A year ago this market was 

operating under a Federal Market- -■'-"- evidence that 

ing Agreement. Our association, '^^^f .^^^ J^'^Jperat.ves can work 

the milk dealers, and the AgricuU boards ^^"f^/^J^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

tural Adjustment Administration ^^S^t^^J"^^,,, ;„ effect both in 

were parties to that Agreement^ ?>rnnsylvanTa and New Jersey un- 

which went into effect on August ^^ J ^ j^ j supervision show 

25th. 1933. and remained the ^er contro ^^ "borrow- 

controlling factor in the market a^-.--^^'^;!,^ experiences of our 
until April Ist. IV34. » association and other dairy 

W. are all frank to admit tha «-" ^ ^^ ^^ experience which has 

this Federal Agreement d^d no^ f,°°P''^:btained Through years of 

accomplish as much ^s T'^ !^*° woTk and cooperation without help 

hoped. But looking back at it -^'"^ ^"^^f^^^^^ent "teeth" such 

te i;'L?rd"ml\^ oTthTpr-:: t ttlaw provides to state boards, 

loss which the depression and price ^^^^ Control Boards 
eu..,„. haa ,nfl,c.ed upon ^ <,_ur ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ 

producer, Hractcaly Pennsylvania in wluch all es- 

of health and dairy inspection 
officers in the several states or our 
milk shed. This conference was 
called and attended by representa- 
tives from New Jersey. Pennsylva- 
nia and Delaware with some muni- 
pal health officers also present 
r^iirnnse of this me 



The purpose of this meeting was to 
•^ ' ' -'- would 



work out a . 

eliminate duplication of inspections 
by establishing uniform regulations 
whereby one inspection would serve 
for every market in the milk shed. 

Conference on Inspection 

The result of the conference was 

markets, then one inspection 

:_j ...K«»U«>r «>vfTV SIX moni 

every twelve months, or what 

is deemed advisable would 

sufficient. Under one inspec 

standard a producer can fix 

barns and obtain equipment wl 

will meet the standards of evi 

market where his dealer nriay 

pen to be selling milk. It wi 

eliminate useless expense in h 

buildings and changing equipi 

so as to meet definite but insi 

Gives Dairy Picture 

Strong Cooperatives E.ssential, 
li" 1 -.. \A;,.ctinnpnts Needed 


X %.X*'J t^^' 

urine f 

l_— „P DAIRY I UTURE is none too 
T" osy according to several state- 
1 r^entsmadebyA. ITUter- 
l -Chief of the Dairy Division. 


Uoncultural Adjustment Adminis- 
•tS at the annual meeting of 

Lsociation on November 21. 
%esav "1 am not sure but the 
daS £er will have to adopt 
cant differences in requiremenUj^^e kind of production conuol. 

Should any municipality or^^jding that it appears iortunatc 
dealer then demand more si 

with indemnity available for losses 
from either disease. l^-'«^>'"°;; 
are now being drawn up. he says, 
for experimental work with mas^ 

?t,s On the outcome of this work 

will" depend future policies on 

mastitis control efforts. 

Drought cattle have been bought 

in large numbers, the meat from 
hose found suitable being canned 

not as 

as we 




State Control 

We are well aware that there 

of plans and policies that will serve- 
as a guide in drafting further milk 

was a storm of protest against this 
Marketing Agreement. This pro- 
test assumed a very serious appear- 
ance. Time has shown us. however, 
that it came almost altogether from 
those who did not possess a coop- 
erative spirit and the wiU.ngness 
to work together for the good o 
our Philadelphia milk industry, or 
from those who. during the depres- 
sion, shifted to m. k production 
?rom other types of farming which 
were bringing lower returns. 1 am 

convinced that this period o 
Federal control of our market will 
ao down in history with its benehts 
outweighing its shortcomings by a 
goodly margin. Us greatest weak- 
ness was Its lack « .<^"f°'-"'";"^ ^ 
With the establishment of the 
Pennsylvania Milk Control Board 
in January and its ^rst state-wide 
order effective on Ap;-'» ^nd' w- 
found supervision of the Philadel- 
phia Marketing Area transferred 
From Federal to State control. The 
svlvania Milk Control Board was 

passed as an en^^^^^^^y '^f.f J^'^; 
effective until next April 50th. or 
longer if the legislature continues 
its work. It .8 too early at this 
time to accurately appraise the 
effect of state control board super- 
vision. Adding further complication 
to such an appraisal has been the 
rather stormy career of the Contro 
Board during its ^--^t several 
months. The enforcement activi- 
^es of this Board have not come 
up to our expectations. 1 his we 
feel, has been due. m part at least 
to the rapid succession of Orders 
which have indicated changes of 
policy. Some of these orders were 
generally considered as uneconorn.c 
and therefore exceedingly difficuU 
of enforcement. The most recent 
Order of this Board has resulted 
in a much better attitude through 
the marketing area. 

These groups 
present milk 

control legislation, 
are studying the . 
control act and comparing it with 
the experience of similar legislation 
in other states in its effect upon the 
welfare of our industry. It is 
hoped and expected that out of 
these conferences will come recom- 
mendations for legislation which 
will improve or strengthen the 
Control Board Act for the benefit 
of all producers. We arc lookmg 
forward to similar activity with 
reference to legislation for continu- 
ing the New Jersey Control Board. 
During the last few years there 
has been a decided shift from 
certain farm enterprises to dairy- 
ing This was a natural outgrowth 
of the depression since many ol 
those enterprises were hit harder 
than was the production ot milk. 
With the fluid milk market offering 
promises of better return it was 
luman for thousands to make 
hift as their conditions 
Thus, we see that if 
business improves and buying pow- 
er in general returns to more nearly 
normal the dairy situation will be 
helped, not only by a better de- 
mand but by a shift from dairying 
by many of those who have only 
recently become milk producers. 

noi ct=. encouraging 
hoped Regulations are established 
in New Jersey by legislative enact- 
ment. Kach state has a certain 
amount of pride in its own inspec- 
tion standards. Obviously stand- 
ardizing regulations in all states 
would be a slow process when either 
a board of health or two houses ol 
a legislature and a states executive 
officer must be convinced that any 
certain regulations are most desir- 

^ There have been definite indica- 
tions that state lines have undue 
and impractical effects on 
enforcement of ins{)ection 
ards Instances have also been 
brought to our attention 
regulations have been forced upon 
producers in one state supplying a 
market m another state^ which 
have not been enforced upon 
producers living in the state in 
which the market is located. We 
have no brief for the producer 
ho makes no sincere effort to 
to reasonable regulations 
nor Who does not desire to produce 
and deliver a high quality of mi k. 
The consumer demands such milk, 
therefore the dealers and the health 
officers must see that only such 
milk is put upon the market. 

f the drought 

ans proposed 

lastspnng were rejected. But had 

ifnot been for the drought, you 

creasea co«. ». h-;."^— ."| would have 20 ^^'^'^^^^''-'^'New 
possible that legislation Willi I 30 cent butter today n New 

• ct our producenlYork. H you l^ad 20 cent butter 

J right now because o 
requirements, milk producers »|jijjt the control pi 
meet such demands should be 
to cover the 

hieher price lo tuvci >^>"^ a |t not oeen !"■ <■•— " . i 

^d cost of production. ltr;„"ia have 20 cent butter instead 


New York today you would not 
be able to get the prices you are 
jetting today for your milk. 
* Mr Laterbach continued, saying 
that the local price for creani 
^Juinly could not be maintained 


Relief Purchases 



needed to protect our proc 
this regard. 
Under-Consumption Hurt* 

It is generally recognized ti 

our industry is suffering far 

from underconsumption of -cenau..^ ., , 

and dairy products than fromilij 20 cent butter prevailed 

over-production. This is a non!| jjijwest 
result of the depression and 

of buying power ai^o"^ our r i .. r m 

population. In spite of this sitJ Speaking of butter a 
ion the per capita consumpt.oni purchases for relief use. Mr. uau 
milk and other dairy products ■ t„bach said that more than I o 
held up better than for many ioi million pounds of butter have been 

products. . , K"«^^' «'""^; J"""^'^ • f^ctese 

Perhaps this relatively favorai ^^^t 14 million pounds of cheese 
situation is due to the sound al,i„ee J^ne I, to be used for relict 
constructive efforts that have bj „a to reduce the surplus of those 
made during the last fifteen yt| products, 
r impress upon consumers J " -it n,ust be recognized that 

health value of milk and 'A^^ »"'P»"^'■^'"°^"^ _".^.° VTu^ation 

nd cheese 

On this he says, "l think practc 
ally all of us in Washington in he 
market program have come to tht 
conclusion neiHier the niuic ........ 

Federal government can rur| this 
show alone. It >« absolutely 

necessary to work out a coopera^ 
tive program between the State and 
Federal government, 
states now trying to 
problem alone. They have a nriar- 
ket that is 90 percent 'nt^^f^f^ . 
and 10 percent interstate and he 
10 percent interstate are the tel 
lows who raise cam. There must 

be some kind of Prog'-^'T p^^^^^lf 

out whereby the Federal Govern- 

t can control the 10 percent 

and the state 

We have 
solve the 


90 percent that is 

1th value of milk and its pi jurplus 
ducts and their actual econaj „pected to improve 
as compared with most other fi 
It is our job to continue this 
cational work even more as 
sively than before. We must : 
press upon the consumer in eve 
nossible manner that milk « 



Your Basics 

A Correction 

the November issue of the 



;d according to the Penn- 


such a sr 


We carried an article 
Review about basics as now figure 
svlvania Milk Control Board Order 1/ discussed 

, ^"'^"h:;li^harXr'5"to" X mitl'd of hguring basics 
L':^rror trost';;dJcers who are s<^ling milk to dealers in 
Philadelphia sales area, except New Jersey. 


wrth.n the Philadelphia shcTbut selling to other markets 
.red by another section of Order 17. 


are covei 

Reduce Cow Numbers 

Recent governmen 

tal activities 

such as the purchase of cattle in its 
drought relief program and also ot 
more immediate concern to us. m 
the control of Bang's disease, should 
greatly reduce our cow population 
and thus help bring production 
and consumption more nearly into 

balance. , 

Perhaps the most pressing prob- 
lem facing our producers today is 
that of farm inspection^ At our 
last Annual Meeting a Resolution 
was passed requesting your asso- 
ciation officers to call a conference 







1 am positive, however 
there is not a man in this room 
who feels that an imaginary 
called a state boundary can have 
any effect whatever upon 
quality of milk produced upon 
either side of it. Neither should 
such boundaries have any effect 
whatever upon a producer s right 
to sell his milk in any convenient 
market. If he produces good milk 
he deserves the right to sell in a 
market which is conveniently reach- 
ed If he docs not produce good 
milk he does not deserve that 
right regardless of where he lives. 
Should we be able to obtain one 
umform inspection standard for all 

healthful food and that It .8 a c^ 
f.-.i ..-hen considered on the w| 

food w 
The dairy coope 

of complete nutritional value, 
dairv cooperatives will 

called upon to face many impoi 
problems during the next few ye 
We cannot expect governmej 
agencies to continue indenn 
to help us keep order in our in 
try. We do not think it woujo^ 
wise to expect them to. 
such agencies relinquish their k 
cnt work the milk produce »^| 
find that they must present a ^^ 
united front if we expect to 
the gains we have made in '" ^^^ 
and are now making. '" 

(Turn lo page Ii) 

of dairy farmers permanently, out 
it is merely the elimination ol ab- 
normal surplus from regular trade 
channels. Without control over 
production, such artificia stimu- 
lation of dairy prices in relation to 
the prices of other farm products 
will eventually result in the increase 
o( supplies tending to offset gains 
received through surplus programs. 
"However, from time to time 
additional amounts of dairy pro- 
ducts as required for direct reliet 
distribution will be purchased 
hmited quantities. 

It was pointed out that wholesale 
butter prices at New York prob- 
ably could be forced to 3^ cents 
but that would invite importations 
o( foreign butter, a shift to oleo- 
margarine, and a later break m 
prices. Instead, he favors keeping 
the market at its present evel. 
holding our customers, and later, 
as business conditions get better, 
the price level can be expected to 
rise. Mr. Lauterbach was quite 
emphatic that fluid milk markets 
cannot maintain a price leve 

Arthur II iMulerbach. Chief of the liairi, 

St:, of the AAA. .ho .,Mc .n .e ^V.J 

nesdau morning se.->i,onof he Inter .Mufe 
annual meeting Mr Lauterbach oun, a 
farm in Minncnota 

for relief uses. The removal of 
these animals from the open mar- 
he said, has been a strengthcn- 

that is 
control the 

Prices Must Be in Line 

Too high a fluid price cannot be 
maintained. Mr. Lauterbach. in- 
sists, citing experiences at Prov 
dence and at Mmneapohs-St. Paul, 
statir^g that. "One of the reasons 
we arf having difficulty in some of 
our markets where we have m'lk 
licenses is because the farnners have 
either talked us into, or forced us 
•nto too high a price 1 know you 
,H.'ople wont like to hear this. . . • 
"ecommended a $3.40 price in 
Providence and it is too high and 
before very long they are going to 
1 recommended a price 
lis and St. 

H,8 words. •'! want to again go 
on record saying the best thing 
you can do, regardless of what 
lu. «;tate and Federal Govern- 
ment does, is to strengtnen 
vour cooperative organization. 
I believe it is absolutely neces- 
sary for a unit like yours to 
belong to a large unit such as 
the National Milk Producers. 
I hope the day will come when 
the National Milk Producers 
organization and other farm 
organizations will become much 
stronger than they are today, 
so that they can go to Washing- 
ton and get results. I know 
from my eight r"**"**"" J^C 
perience that it •« "t^.^^f^^ 
for farmers to go to Washington 
and sit down with us and tell 
us what the problems are 
you don't do it the 
people will be there. 


admit it 

of $2 in Minneapo 

h happens to be my 



which nappt-> 

d 1 have to go up 

before this group o> 
Saturday and tell 
reduced it from $2 


id the 


ing factor in beef prices an 
price of dairy stock. 
Minorities Cause Trouble 

Milk marketing agreements, 
there are 43 to 30 of them, were 
described as a prolific source of 
headaches. 1 his situation. Mr. 
Lauterbach says, is true because a of 10 percent on any 
rket can upset the whole market 
tructure if they choose to become 
lators and ^et an injunction or a 

restraining order. mak.n« the others 
suffer. He says. I he only rc- 
Ic-eming feature 1 see - ^>tate and 
Federal legislation is that it s 
trying to put a plank under you 
You know all the milk strikes and 

wars always have been paid by the 
producer. The so-called ch.seler 




Paul wl 
home an 
and apiJear 
farmers this 
them why we 

^° Concerning evaporated milk com- 
petition this warning is given. It 
Tou want to hold your trade, my 

advice is dont get your markets 
too high. Hold them «o";^-;f 
in line with competition with this 
evaporated milk and then produce 
the best product that you know 

'"'^The effect of other crop reduction 
programs may possibly cause an 
ncrease m milk production. Hm 
will hap,H-n if land ^cpt out o 
production is converted to grass 
which would, in many cases, be 
utilized to produce This w 1 
happen if crop contro IS continued 

states Mr. Lauterbach. and it may 
■ ake a national dairy production 

ill ot us 

situation is 
an unusually 


out of the 
another and 



ol hne with manufactured product 

Eradicate Disease 

Disease control, according to Mr. 
Lauterbach. is receiving attention. 
s» requested in the 


dairy conler- 
'nces last spring. Work on tuber- 
culosis eradication has been spccd- 
^ up and testing for Bang s dis- 
ease has been organized and is 
under wav on a voluntary basis 

1ms always taken his loss 

farmer one way or 

they will continue to 

there is some license wor 

almost perfectly. ... We have one 

ficTnse in Detroit. Michigan, which 

would say has been working 
almost perfectly and 1 am going 
to tell vou why. I hey have one 
of the best marketing and bargain- 
ing organizations in Detroit, liny 

have a group of distributors up 
there who have learned to cooper- 
ate and 1 think the bargaining 
•nstitution has been responsible 
for bringing them together. 

Federal and State cooperation 
is seen by Mr. Lauterbach as he 
most effective method of control. 

control plan imperative, at 

processing tax in 
farmers in other 

paying some 

order to keep 

out of competition with us. 



We Need Cooperatives 

Farly in his talk Mr. Lauterl 
emphasized the necessity ^c^ strong 
cooiH-ratives in saying. Kegara 
tesi of how much State legis- 
lation or Federal legislation 
you are able to get to help you 
solve your milk problems, you 
are not going to get what you 
want unless you have a real, 
cooperative organiza- 

Small Seed Supply 

More than usual difficulty in 
obtaining a supply of certain farm 
seeds of satisfactory quality tor 
planting their crops "^xt season is 
Ukely to be experienced by Mary- 
land farmers, according to Forrest 
S. Holmes, who IS in charge of the 

seed laboratory of the Maryland 

7^ .,» ^tation He States 

l-.xperiment station. • ■«- 

that the 1934 production of many 
kinds of farm seeds '« jl><^ .^'"^"f.^^ 
for many years, and that the 
further aggravated by 
small carry-over of 
ds from previous years. 
Production of alfalfa seed, he 
states. IS four-fifths of norma ; 
sweet clover is about one-hal nor- 
mal: production of alsike clover, 
red clover, and timothy is only one- 
mal and is the sma lest 
record for each of these three 
kinds of seeds. Many other kinds 
of farm seeds will not be available 
in normal quantities during the 
coming year. 

Dairymen in the past year have 
spent considerable time proving to 
the Milk Control Board that they 
.tting the cost of produc- 
This time has been well 
spent, but dairymen must not 
forget that it is still essential to 
produce milk economically and 
that production problems are just 
as vital as ever. You dairymen in 
association work have a business- 
like record of your operation, it 
is up to vou to convince your 
neighbors as to the value of testing 
work. New Jersey Cow 1 


are not ge 

program for Bang s 

II under way with 


The testing 
disease is we 
four states each testing more 

to November I. 





Again, in closing Mr 
said in no uncertain 
strong cooperatives are necessary 

20.000 .. . . 

Those states are Virginia. 

and Wisconsin. Tests 
232.183 cattle of 

terms that 


about 14 percent. 
360.000 cattle listed for testing. 

were maae on 

33,368 were reactors, or 
Minnesota has 









Oflicial Organ of the 
Inter-State Milk Producers A««ociation. Inc 

H. E. Jamiaon. Editor anJ Busineaa Manager 

Elizabeth McG. Graham. Editor 
Home and Community department 

Published Monthly by the Inter-State Milk 
rroaucers rt»».>vi«nwi. ■.•-■ 

Business Offices 

Hint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila.. Pa. 

2J5 E. Gay St . West Chester. Pa. 

(Address all correspondence to Philadelp hia oHice) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Bint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. PhiU fa. 

Bell Phones. Locust 5391 Locust 5J9Z 

Keystone Phone. Race 5J44 

Printed by Horace F. Temple. Inc. 
West ^"^ — °- 

^est Chester. Pa. 


50 cenU a year in advance 

Advertising rate* on application 

"Entered as second-class matter. June 3. 1920. 
.t the post office at West Chester. Pennsylvania, 
under tC Act of March J. 1879.-; 





Inter-State Inspirations 

Every talk, every report, given 
at the annual meeting was so 
packed with good sense, vision, 
encouragement, or accomplishment 
that we regret the impossibility of 
giving you everything in full in the 
Review. They were real treats 
to those who were privileged to 
attend, treats that should linger in 
their memories. Some of the talks 
have been summarized, some of 
the reports condensed for publica- 
tion in the Review. 

Part of the proceedings must be 
held over for the January issue. 
These talks of Inter-State progress 
and plans are being made available 
to you in their entirety, minus 
only the personality of the in- 
dividuals and the enthusiasm of 
the surroundings. The addresses 
and reports are being printed in 
full in booklet form and will be 
available upon request as long as 
the supply lasts. 

Flowers and Thorns 

Being a comparative new comer 
in your midst. I feel that I am 
just beginning to get acquainted 
with you members of the Inter- 
State Milk Producers" Association 
and readers of the Review. The 
Annual Meeting furnished an ex- 
cellent opportunity to meet many 
of you for the first time. 1 want 
to meet more of you, all of you. as 
opportunity presents. 

Many gratifying remarks were 
made about tjfie Review, about 
how it has presented the facts of 
the happenings of the past year, 
about its readibility and timeliness. 
Too many such might have caused 
conceit, egotism, self-satisfaction. 

So a few thorns were mixed witii 
the bouquets. One or two, es- 
pecially, were quite pointed "and 
sharp. They help preserve a 

balance, keep me on the alert. 
Such as they are needed now and 
then. , 

All in all, the flowers far exceeded 
the thorns and they give nie en- 
couragement to go forward with an 
agressive policy so as to give you a 
Review that will serve you as well 
OB ple»<>'> you 1 want vour coop- 
eration in giving me sound suggest- 
ions and criticisms so we can use 
all our combined experience in 
making the Review a bigger and 
better paper. 

H. E. Jamison. Editor. 

We Have Been Busy 

The past month has been a busy 
one. Since our last issue went to 
press a Northeastern States Agri- 
cultural Conference was held in 
New York City, the National 
Cooperative Milk Producers' Fed- 
eration met at Syracuse. New York, 
and the Eighteenth Annual Meet- 
ing of your association passed into 


Each of these events promises to 
be far-reaching in importance. The 
New York meeting indicates the 
start of coordinated effort among 
all dairy cooperatives, other coop- 
eratives and agricultural education- 
al services in the Northeastern part 
of our country. 

The meeting at Syracuse em- 
phasized more than ever before the 
need for united effort of all dairy 
cooperatives in order to assure the 
dairy industry of our nation the 
influence which its importance 
demands. More than that, it 
brought forth definite plans to 
make its influence more effective 
and to build a stronger cooperative 
spirit among members of all mem- 
ber cooperatives. 

For those of you who attended 
the Inter-State annual meeting no 
additional word is needed as to the 
forward-looking attitude evident 
throughout. For those who were 
not among the fortunate who 
attended we shall attempt to tell 
in our own feeble way just what 
happened and how you can help 
to make this a better Inter-State 
so it can help you keep this market 
on its high plane. 

A Word for the Press 

We thank you, gentlemen of 
the press. You covered the report 
of the Eighteenth Annual Meeting 
of our association with fairness and 
consideration. You emphasized 
fundamentals and, with a minor 
exception or two, you passed by 
inconsequential details. 

The meeting was constructive. 
Your reports of it carried that im- 
pression to your readers. 

Legislation is Coming 

Quiet has reigned in the Phila- 
delphia milk shed for several weeks. 
The market appears to be in good 
shape. There is practically no 
controversy as to either producer 
or consumer prices. 

But legislatures arc soon to 
meet. Milk, milk control, dairy 
inspection will all receive attention. 
It is too early now to forecast 
accurately just what trend this 
legislation will take. It appears a 

safe guess, however, that the s ate 
milk control boards of Pennsylva- 
nia and New Jersey will be con- 
tinued, with perhaps some strength- 
ening of the acts. 

We may also expect efforts by 
some to include in such legislation, 
features of some kind which can 
be invoked to embarrass and 
handicap dairy coopciaiivvS ".v.t.. 
the Inter-State Milk Producers 
Association one of their intended 
victims. It was tried before and 
failed. It will be tried again and 
it will fail again if you make your 
representatives in your state legis- 
latures know your demands. 

(The above was written Tuesday 
afternoon. November 27. A Phila- 
delphia paper carried a special 
article the next morning stating 
that the afternoon before a repre- 
sentative of each of two organiza- 
tions, sometimes called dairy coop- 
eratives, walked out of a confer- 
ence at Harrisburg. called by the 
Grange and participated in by 
most of the active dairy marketing 
associations of the state, at which 
milk control legislation was being 

A Contradiction 

There is an Ethiopian in the 
woodpile. A Philadelphia paper 
tells about the Federal Trade 
Commission study of the Philadel- 
phia dairy situation and says the 
findings are secret. The Trade 
Commission has a policy of reveal- 
ing nothing until it issues its com- 
plete report. 

Yet in that same article that 
paper, the Record, says that abuses 
have been uncovered, and also in 
another paragraph drags in the 
name of your association. 

How come^ If a secret, the 
Record has no facts on which to 
make its statement unless someone 
connected with the Trade Commis- 
sion has "spoken out of turn in 
which case such individual or 
individuals should be kicked out. 
We have complete faith in the 
regular personnel of the Commis- 
sion and feel that no information 
has been released. 

It looks like another wild guess 
by that paper, perhaps hoping they 
are right and that its guess will be 
accepted as a fact by careless 

rSu. Secretary's Report 

of Agriculture H.I k-'^ ' 

Certain Situations 
Brought Up-to-Date 

Secretary -. . -„ -ni 

Wallace said. "Profit on capital 
ization and profit per quarto 

thin... poii^y-hl'^^jalph lollers, Secretary 

"Profit on capital i-^j- ^« tO'2/f 

profit per quart, AnTiual Meetiug, lyj^ 

milk are two _ very differer f^' , , rj ii^^ «/,/'V/?f 

Wild White Clover 
Doubles Hay Crop 

The use of wild wl.ite clover with 
Other pasture grass, s will incre -. 
the crop of pastur-J her. ai,'f and 

D. B. Johnstone-Wallac 
New York state colleg 

iWitii- of 

of the 

rities. if every bit of the profitil- - . , _ ... ^ . ,. _ qi 

of distribution were taken, ^ j ^f 1933.34, Fiscal Year wcc-.- ^- 

fraction of as much as a centj Stock Kecora 21 lou 23.:>44.^ bluirLS 

quail might be added to tihares outstanding. October 31.1^33. 
farmer'spriceof milk. But thafsjued for cash r 

would mean driving others t. /^ajustment of a JYTl bv members out of dairy business) 
the wall; even so, it would n« Shares redeemed (held by mtm 
solve^ the dairy farmer's ^^ ^^^^ ,i ^^^cs o.isi.niin^ 
Have vou seen that quoted 

turc. This clover. 

he says, is not 

the cuilivaieu wiiitc 

. i^..»r-l) rlover 


Have vou seen inai quoieo „:„^„ 

Most likely not. But the ballyh« T„erE has been a "^t gam s nee 
boys whose chief function in l^ » thecloseof the fiscal year in IV^ 
appears to be to confuse the issut of 267.8 shares of stocky »:^^;^^'"''^. 
:^y issue which takes their fane, .Uof this gain was -^^edu nng the 

take keen delight in digging up, j^t six -"""^'^^^ /^J;,,"nt ttme 
previous statement of Secretar, There are at the present ^.m 
Wallace, a statement which applia approximately ZZ,ZZZ aci 
to times gone by, a statement whici bers in the Association I he mem 

,^.„ The mem- 

Uhip covers what is termed the 
Sadelphia Milk Shed and is 
ESd among 224 local unit. 
v„th 133 in Pennsylvania. iU n 
Maryland. 23 in New J^r^cy 4 
in Delaware, and 2 in West vir 

Approximately 83 per cent of 
1929 to \^nx inclusive. . .c ».«.« the locals held one or "l"--^ I";*-;: 
further that the 1933 figure ««l,„g, during the year ^o discuss 
estimated at 21.7 percent. tnakl„arket conditiorts and «or uc 
mg the other figure an estimaul purpose of giving the "^-"^^^^J ^ 
also Further, these estimateilfl„t.hand information on dairy 

applied only after certain arbitrar,} problems. IH4 locals held a meeting 

has been relegated to the scraj 
heap by Secretary Wallace himsdl 
as far as the present situation got 
It was made at Madison 01 
January 31. 1934. and said ineffw 
that net returns on capitalizatiM 
of dairy companies in Philadelphu 
were 30.8 percent for the five yean 
1929 to 1933. inclusive. He stated 

i27.3 Shares 
i4.2 Shires 
bcto'er3l. 1934. .23.793.0 Shares 
The Board of 27 directors during 
the past year has been made up 
of 17 from Pennsylvania. ) Iron 
Maryland. 3 from New Jersey, and 
2 from He" aware. 

The Executive Committee held 
meetings at intervals during the 
vear Tliis committee of nine is 

^ .,A nf S from Pennsylvania. 
compo-.ed ot ^ irom > n/i.._„ 

I from New Jers.-y, 2 from Mary- 

h,nd and I from l^-^»^'^^;'^-. ,. .„ 

I again have the sad duty to 

form to report the d -ath o a 

of the Board during the 

of C. Oi'K 

or took part in a combined meet 
mg with another local previous to 
this our 1934 Annual Meeting. 

At these meetings delegates were 
selected to represent the local at 
the stockholders meeting. Practic- 
ally all meetings were attended by 
some official representative ol the 
Association. According to reports 
a great deal of interest was mam- 

deductions were made from ei 
pense. Yes, Philadelphia dcalen 
made a profit but we don't know 
even yet how much it was. Moit 
important, the figures gave nc 
indication as to dealers profits 01 
the basis of purchases and said 
and as producers that is what vt 
are really interested in. 

What a change in tune from 
January 31 to April 2. Secretaiy 
Wallace was man enough to admit 
his error and give the real signi- 
ficance of the facts, the ballyha 
boys are not. lasim.ns.i. .c,.y — T"." . ' ,r " i:f 

Now we have another specimetl tionnaires. and explaining tnc an 
of ancient historv being draggedj (erent details and activities ot the 
out The same' anvil chorus a| Association to investigati ms con- 
stating that the spread be t ween [ ducted by the Federal, state and 
uroducer and consumer is 3.h local investigators. 
' Di.:l..,l„lr^Uia and 

By-Laws Changed 

During the past year the Board 
of Directors passed favorably on 

the By- 


past year in the person 

Tallrnan. Mt. I lolly. New Jersey. 
Ih ■ office always welcomes sug- 

gcstiors from the "-•"^'-'^^^'»;; 

either tiirough writing or persor^al 
interviews. We are always happy 
Ts : U-ber of the .Wuition 

eome to the office at 219 North 
Broad Street 

it is the small white-f lowerin^^ clov- 
er which grows in old P.^'^^^Z-f " 

He p'-.ints out that in the pas- 
ture studies conducted last year a 

the experiment station f^rm al 
thaca, pasture seeded to tim>thy 

done yielded IH2H pounds of dry 
havto'the acre, but timotaysjn 
with wild whitec'.overp=d ,ceJa 
crop that was more th-in twice as 
I "ie. or 4086 pounds of dry hay to 

'K''"^ r. suits were obtained 
Similar results wci^ 

with Kentucky I luegrass and wild 
we clover. Kentucky 1-luegrass 
Tlone produced 1676 pound^ of 
dry hay to the acre, while Ken 
tucky bluegrass with v..ld white 
ZZ had a yield of 3f,4 p >.nd. 
The clover was seeded at tn rate 
of two pounds of seed to the^acr- 
Professor Johnstore-Wallace 
points out that the wild whit, 
ch ver gives the crop a higher pro- 
U.m coLnt. On May 2 I. a s.^^^^^^^ 

of hay matter from the •^''"^"7^ 
hluegrass and wild wlutecWer pot 

.showed a protem content flly 
cent, compared witli 

with one stone. He can find use 

C part of the 40,0;)0,00<) acres of 

farrning land that is to come from 

under th." plow next year, and at 

the same time can get some cash 

for the till, while helping the 

country against game <'*''t'"^^'°"-. 
The plan is simple as outlined by 

the Bureau of Biological! Survey of 
the l)-partment of Agriculture. 

Many city sportsmen want to en- 
joy good shooting wiinuut t.c.......S 

bng distances to wild districts. 
Farmers with land not far from 
cities have portions of their farms 
out of cultivation and available tor 
planting to game food and cover 

crops. , ^, 

With the helpof State conserva- 
tion departments or sporting clul s. 
the Federal Government thinks 
that farmers could o.tain enough 
quail, prairie chicken, pheasant, 
rabbit or other game to start a 
regular game crop. 

Annual Report Now Available 

A «f the annual meeting of your 
A complete rec 3rd of the annu ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

association will be c->nt^ "^f ,,:.^ pointers 
which is now in the hands ot tne p ^^ ^^^ 


{ested at these meetings. 

The office of your Secretai^y has 
been burdened with much addition- 
al work during the past year such 
as filling in reports, answering ques- 

now in the hancs o, -. K ^^.^^iation 

by the outside «P««!^«r^^"ftnTn thi- b""*^'*'- ^"P'*' 
officers will be ^^f^'^^J^^^ie Annual Meeting, 
will be sent all delegates to the ^^ ^^^^ 

Other "^e7^»'*'-%7l"y Milk Producers' AssDciatian, 
a card to the IV^er-State M^k ^^^.^^ ^^^ ^ ^„py 

^^rs^eTo^M^rrl^uXre-ceUd after Decen^b. W. 
Send yours in today. 

Alfalfa Seed Warning 

Be careful of the variety of 
alfalfa seed you get and of the 
place where it was grown, warns 
Howard B. Sprague. Agronomis 
at the New Jer.sey Agricultural 
llxperiment Station 

For southern New Jersey he 
urges a seed grown in Kansas or 
farther north, stating that Kansas 
Common is satisfactory^ 1 he Com- 
mon from Nebraska. Dakotas. or 
Montana is usually satisfactory for 
northern New Jersey. . 

Hardy strains such as L^rirnm. 
Harcligan. Cossack, or Canadian 
Variegated are all superior to the 
common strains and many believe 
thev are well worth the extra cost 
If any Review reader is in doubt 
as to what varieties are adapted to 
his own local conditiors he is 
urged to see his county agent or to 
write the agronomist at his state 
agricultural college. 

The demand for seed is expected 
to cause high prices and in many 
cases farmers are i eing urged to 
buy early before prices advance 
further or the better seed supplies 
become exhausted. 

Farm Census in January, 
Write for Sample Copy 

The schedule for the Farm 
Census which begins January 2. 
193S. is divided into eight major 
sections comprised of one hundred 
questions. It will not be necessary 
for every farmer to answer all 
these questions, but only those 
which pertain to his particular 
farm activities. The schedule 
contains only about one-third as 
many questions as did the schedule 
of 1930. but it covers all of the 
principal items of interest to farm- 

It is important that every farm 
report contain full and accurate 
figures. Farmers can aid in this 
by procuring a sample copy of the 
schedule ahead of time by sending 
a card to the Milk Producers' 
r<EViEW. 219 N. Broad St.. Phila- 

cents a quart in Philadelphia and 
that it is onlv 4.4 1 cents in C hicago. 
They should know better. 1 hat 
Chicago figure applied on Octobti 

I. but it does not apply now. proposals for "changes in 

Since November 1, ^"'^*»3 1 Laws of the Association. 
dealers have had a spread 01 ! -p^ ^^„(„^^ ^^ Article 
4.95 cents a quart and peace 
has not yet been declared m 
their price war. . 

The same report reveaW 
that the spread per quart m « 
of the 50 cities studied is great' 

er than in Philadelphia and 

now the spread in Baltimore 11 

also greater than in Philadel- 
phia, but whv should the ballyhoo 

boys mention that since 't ^ouifl 

not create any local discord. « 

would like to sec a narrower spreaa 

in our market but the chances tor 

it are not encouraging. 

It is our duty, we believe, w 

give you this information. '<> 

need it so you may have a bette 

understanding of the facts. 
(Do you want reprints ot m 

articled Send us a card and we «h 

be glad to supply you with as many 

as you can use to advantage.) 

To conform to Article 1 3 of the 
By-Laws which pertains to the 
method of selecting the members 
on the Board of Directors, and after 
petitions were received from dis- 
tricts where vacancies occurred, 
nominating ballots were mailed to 
the members in each district where 
a vacancy occurred. 1 he nomi- 
nating committee appointed to 
count these ballots met and are 
certifying the report of their find- 
ings to the stockholders today. 
The ballot we are using at this 
Annual Meeting is made up ac- 
I cording to that report. 

During the past year the Board 
' met eleven times. Several of these 
meetings were special. At all 
meetings the membership of the 
Board endeavored to discuss the 
problems and plan for the best 
Possiole methods of controlling the 
dairy industry. 

In the January Review 

It IS inM^ to include in this 
,ssue of the Review all the ta ks 

and -P-^^.^'^r./'S^" State 
annual meeting of the Inter-btatc 

Milk Producers' Association. 

The splendid la k given by Fred 
H. Sexauer. of Auburn. N.w York. 

and President of the Dairymen .s 
League Cooperative Association, 
has not been touched in this issue. 
The report given by C 1. C oh-, 
i:xecutive Secretary of the Phila- 
delphia Inter-State Dairy C ounc.l 

of that organization s work is not 
mcluded. A part of Sales Manager 
H. D. Alle'.Dach's report has been 
omitted from this issue. 

I ook for these features in the 
January issue of the Review. 

protein content of twenty-three 
p,r cenv for a pbt seeded w^ h 
Kentucky bluegras.s alone. I he 
herbage from the wild white cbver 
plots, he adds. IS expected to 
werage a protein content exceeding 
twenty-five l^er cent throughout 
tic grazing season. 

Another I enefit of wild white 
do (r. he pDints out, is its a ihty 
•to produce a close sward which 
protects the soil from the direct 
rays of the and so keeps down 
the soil temperature during the 
summer months. 

Physician: "I 
your hus'.jand s 

Mrs. Newlyrich: 
nitrate, doctor. We 
best, you know." 

will have to paint 
throat with silver 

"Oh use gold 
can alford the 

Farmers Raise Game, 
Charge Hunting Fee 

A new way for hard-pressed 
farmers to make money ;»n^ '?/ 
eager city sportsmen to get a thrill 

bv crjmbinmg wild-game grow- 
ing with agriculture is suggeste<i 
l,v the lederal Government. 

It really is put out as "" '.'»;j« 
th" farmer can use to kill two birds 

Cellophane, in a choice of colors, 
is now available fcr use as hoods to 
cover the tops of milk bottles, 
protectine the regular cap and the 
pouring lip of the bottle from 
contamination of any sort. 

Movie Actress: "\'\\ endorse 
your cigarettes for $i!).0 )0. 
"I'll s-*e yoJ in h de first. 

A bulletin board outside a church 
announced Sunday's sermon: LM 

And below in small letters: 
"Come and hear our new organist. 

Chief Accountant :"Theres $2.00 
missing from the cash drawer and 
r,o one but you and 1 have a key 

*" Cashier: "Well, lets each put a 
dollar lack and forget it." 

Watch the ads in the Milk 
Producers' Review for news ot 
reliable farm and da ry supplies 


Financial Statement, October 31, 1934 


Mr. I. Ralph Zollens. Executive Secretary. 
Inter-Stdte Milk Producers" Association, 
219 North Broad Street, 
rhiiadeiphia. ra. 

Dear Sir: , , 

WE HEREBY CERTIFY that we have made an examina- 
tion of the books and accounts of the Inter-State Mi k Producers 
Association for the Fiscal Year Ended October 31. 1934. In our 
opinion, the accompanying Statements of Af et'L,^"'^^^/'"^!"'^ 
(Elxhibit A) and Income and Expense (Exhibit B) set forth the 
financial condition at October 31. 1934 and the result of opera- 
tions for the Fiscal Year ended that date. 

M^c6ee!¥leIsHER ^ COMPANY 
(Signed) Charles E. Fernald. 
Certified Public Accountant. 
November 17. 1934. 


Salaries . 
Fjc Dense 


General Overhead 


Printing and Stationery 




I ncluding Travel ." .' 2,65 1 .90 



. 423.57 




Get New Record Book 

In order that farmers may 
a clearer picture of their crop 
livestock yields, their exponstj 
production, and their gross 
tary income, the Agricultural 
justment Administration, in 



bevelop Northeast Dairy Plans 

I .1 _ A _ 
crailUIl wim mv- I »& 




Outlined and 




Salaries ■ 

Expense Including Travel 

General* Overhead . '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'... 1 .766.63 


Printing and Stationery 






Statement of Assets and Liabilities 

October 31, 1934 

Current Assets: 

"* On I land and in Banks $ ''cln^ 

Advances Travel ^^^ °" 

$ 3.761.83 

Judgment Note Receivable 

(Juniata Valley Dairymen's Cooperative Asso- ^^ ^ 
ciation) ini ca 

Accounts Receivable Advertising 301. ^b 

Other 355.89 

Investments at Cost (Market Value $53,908.12) ^T-'^^^^ 

Total Current Assets 63.092.54 

Fixed Assets: 10^07 a7 

Furniture and Fixtures clXr,; 

Less Reserve for Depreciation I 5.5V'».i^ 

Total Fixed Assets (Net) 4,089.31 

Total Asset. $67,181.85 


Current Liabilities: 

None. ♦ 

Capital Stock: 

Common (Par Value $2.50): 

Authorized 40.000 Shares $100,000.00 

Unissued and Treasury 16.205 Shares 40.512.50 

Outstanding 23,795 Shares 59.487.50 

Surplus: „ ., 

Balance. October 31. 1934 7.694.35 

Total Capital $67,181.85 

Total Liabilities and Capital $67,181.85 

Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 1934 

"Deilers (From Producers) $82,800.96 

Milk Producers' Review: 

Advertising '.n^A ns 

Subscriptions\ .05 

Interest Received 3.256.36 

Total Income 98.809.90 

^"ITles"' '6.463.^8 

Membership Vi'^WlX 

Testing 21.425.72 

Milk Producers' Review . '1'oU li 

Directors and Executive Committee I.^IZM 

Annual Meeting ^'MW^ 

Legal 584.66 

Industry Welfare 1.817.94 

Nationil Co-operative Milk Producers 

Federation r'nAlt^ 

Statistical and Financial 5.042.53 

Total Expense (Schedule B-l) 105,1 37. 1 1 

Net Loss Before Other Deductions 6,327.21 

Other Deductions: ■ m nn 

Loss from Sale of Securities I 18.00 

Special Expense Re: Annual Meeting. 
Master's Fee. Teller's .Salaries and Legal 
Fees in connection with hearings and 
conferences 8,316.31 

Net Charge to Surplus $14,761.52 

Repairs 474 1 2 

Advertising .417' 71; 

Hall Rent ■*^''' 

sion Service, will agam pro 
Farm Record Books for all fai 
without cost. 

Some of the early books 
were rather crude and difficultlkaders at ^*^^ 
farmers to understand. The t| November o-IU. 
Farm Record Book, however. ij 
very last word in farm bookki 
ing. It is. first of all, a neat 
8 by IO'/4 inches in size, withev 
department easy to find and 

Every farmer should take 

AnEFiNlTR MOVF. lor a ^^ri\M 
SaTry industry m tli. North 
eastern states resulted in a 
„«1 conference of agricultural 
pnr*' '. New York City on 
The conference. 

• if. entirety, also covered poultry 
K^a^cl potatoes, fruits and 

Jtatives from the state agncu- 
3'colleges, State ^^-tmen s 
o( Agriculture. United States Ue 


;t »l-„ ^..;oo ot milk is held 

ever, it i«»»- t , r 

sufficiently close to the price o 
surplus to provide no incentive for 
price cutting, the supp y m these 
northeastern milk sheds will no 
be maintained. Therefore in ord r 
to maintain a stable supply of fluid 
milk for northeastern markets it is 
necessary that the price t»H-reof be 
kept at a point considerably above 
the price of surplus. 1 his spread 
fficiently wide to 
for selling 

are all ncetiec 

to bring about 

ind we urge that 
jtly to determine 

led throughout 


market stability ar 

all strive - 

Wliai iuua<- ".." 

function of each, and be 

do their part in stabilizing milk 

market conditions. 

The Committee recognizes that 

other pressing prol 

be the 
ready to 

-,;iu to 

>blems con 



'^^tV'^t'- ■■■■ 10.751.52 

Salaries /, on? 1.1 

Expense Including Travel 5i6 50 

Supplies - cQTQu 

General Overhead ^'^ViT. 

inventory in these times 

farmers feel that their inventu trol Boar 

is also a great protection, for ini important agric 

event of a disastrous fire, the operating from NX '^^' '"K»°'^;^ 

vcntory helps in adjusting t to Maine. Your association 

insurance on buildings, livestaf represented liy 

;ulture, Milk Con- 

tiltural cooperatives 

n. C. 

usually is su 
constitute an incentive 
cut-[)rice milk. 



Postage ^ „ j^ 

Printing and Stationery °,tc 








Milk Producers' Review: 


Expense Including Travel 

Supplies ,_ ,„ 

General Overhead I.0J9.J9 

; 451.90 

8.224 52 


2 62 

11 <)0 

40 84 



Printing and Stationery. 
Engraving and Photos 




equipment feeds and supplies 
In these days when farmers 
making more use of commei 
bank credit, and the facilities 
their Production Credit Asi 
tions it is highly essential to 
records and to include an iiiventi 
A credit statenjent showing wl 
the farmer owns and what he 
is invaluable when he wishes 
obtain credit for production 

Frederick Shangle. 
M L Stitt and Chester A. Gross 
of the board of directors. 
The keynote of the dairy d.s- 

jssion was 8>unded by J- .'- 
Camgan. Director of the Lxtension 

- the University of Ver- 

based his talk on his 

and observation 

price of 

Service of 

mont. He base 

own experience 

with which he combined the results 

of a concise questional re 


Directors and Executive Committee: 


Expense Including Travel. . . 

Penn State Study Showi 
Community Boundaries 

Community lines do not coinc; 
with township boundaries, Proti 


sent to 
(orty dairy leaders in the northeast. 
The«. included producers, cooper- 
ative officials, control board 
officials and agricultural econo- 
mists. Replies were received from 
thirtv-two of them. 
Much of the results of this ques- 
d the comments by 

Control Needed 

This price-cutting practice ca 
not for reduction in the price 
milk but rather for control of the 
price-cutting practice. The neces- 
sary requirements for control ol 
this price-cutting P''^ctice arc: 
/ Equitahk dhlrihulion of fluid and 
surplus sales to producers irx each 

shed. , 

0/ classified price plans 
which will provide uniform prices 
terms and conditions for the sale 
of milk l<> all distributors in each 

market. . , 

Continuous improvcmeint in the 

position of the milk P^o^"^^^« '" 

he various Northeastern 

sheds will depend in large measure 



A Word of Praise 

"One of the most for- 
ward steps ever taken by 
dairymen was evident a 
few years ago when the 
producers' association in 
southeastern Pennsylvania 
voluntarily arranged to 
have their dairy farms 
placed under sa"*^^''^ JjJ^ 
spection. . • • • * ^^ *^ 
Philadelphia Inter -State 
Dairy Council and the 
Pittsburgh District Dairy 
Council have done splen- 
did work along sanitation 
lines and in presenting to 
the consuming public the 
high food value and the 
economy of dairy pro- 
ducts in the diet." A. A. 
Borland in Pennsylvania 

6 Sanitani requirements. Study 
the problem of uniform sanitary 
regulations and inspections in each 
market milk shed. 

7. Distribution costs 
iurlher tlie ; 
the end that means may be found 
of reducing costs and eliminating 
wasteful practices in both country 

Study the 
effects of 
I , . • table 

and conditions 




Inter-Statc prices 

bilities for and 
efforts to obtain equitable prices 
terms ■"'' '-"editions for sale ot 

milk to distributors in 

markets and milk sheds 

northeast. ^ 

A plan for the set-up of a 
eastern Dairy Conference was ou - 
)V the committee. 1 his 

in the 



jy ine cunn"-'^'---- 
called for a representative 
each State Dairymen s Asso- 
ciation, each State Farrn Bureau 
each State Grange and from each 
of the 10 larger active Dairy 
Cooperative Marketing Associa- 

^'°An executive committee of six 
d three from marketing 
nd one each from 


men's Associations. 

IS pro pose- 
organizations a..- - n^lrv. 
Farm Bureau and Dairy- 
It is suggested 
also that rej)resentatives of agri- 
ultural colleges, ^tate Depart- 
ments of Agriculture. Milk Control 

and certain farm supply 
be renresented, but 

tionaire ana ...— , , 

Professor Carrigan were condensed 

Subscriptions . 

1 Overhead ^''76 



the report 

sor W. V. Dennis and IT J. BonJ and included in ^nc r- — f ^\ 

rural sociologists of the agricult. committee which they term 

economics department at the P« ed 'Recommendations for Dairy 

sylvania State College, have 4 Program In the 

covered in surveys made recent States. This report is pro 

Adams. Lebanon, and Pn herewith. 



Annual Meeting: r-,n .-, 

Salaries ' ,, , n7 

Including Travel 1.37 3.07 


General Overhead 


Printing and Stationery. 
Engraving and Photos . 

Delegates Expense 

Speakers Expense . . . . 



General Overhead. 
Miscellaneous. . . . 


1.862 5 3 

294 12 

7 95 






Industry Welfare: 


Expense Including Travel . 

Printing and Stationery 

General Overhead 







311 76 

1 3 (M) 




National Co-operative Milk Producers' Federation: 


Expense Including Travel 

General Overhead 

Contributions 2.600.00 





Natural barriers, such as moi 
tains and rivers, have more inl 
ence than artificial boundaries 
the determination of communi: 
limits. In some cases where ix 
roads have been built commutu 
areas have shifted as a result 

Satisfaction of social and « 
nomic needs has an important pa 
in establishing communities, 
some cases these services are »«1 
plied almost entirely from out»! 
the county where the people li« 

Professor Dennis reports that^ 
one county the residents of 01 
community never attended m« 
ings announced in the newspapf' 
of that county. When a study* 
made of this community it * 
discovered that the residents rei' 
newspapers jjublished in an adjoi' 
ing county. 

Committee's Report 

The Northeastern States consti- 
tute primarily a fluid milk-produc- 
ing territory and secondarily a 
cream - producing territory, with 
production of milk for manufactur- 
ed dairy products of relatively 
small importance. 

Fluid milk-producing areas, here- 
inafter called milk slice s. must 
always carry a surplus al)Ove the 
fluid milk requirements to care lor 
seasonal and daily fluctuations in 
supply and demand. '1 his suri>Ius 
at times is bound to be sufficiently 
great to encourage groups to adopt 
the practice of selling it for use as 
fluid milk at a price under 
recognized fluid milk price 
above that of surplus, providing 
there is a spre .d between the price 
ot fluid milk and that of surplus 
sufficient to make such a price- 
to offer 

upon the maintenance and strengt 
eiing of the milk Prod''-- ^X 
erative organizations by the pre- 
TJrs thc'mselves. Consideration 
should be given to any proper steps 
hich would promote progress in 
this direction. However, experience 

rndicates that the dairy mdustry 

alone, despite a »"g\ ;^^«7".."; 
organization, is incapable at this 
^ of seeing that these 
d out. since prac- 
1 of supply 


time o! se 
ments are came 
tically complete contro 
is necessary thereto. 1 hus assis - 
ance from government agencies is 
needed. We therefore recommend 
"hat cooperation be set up between 
he organized dairy industry and 
government «tate and/or 
federal, to the end that these 
requirements for stability may U 
met .'^uch an arrangement calls 
for- (a) strong support and coop- 
eration from producers organiza- 
i and from distributors and (W 
and harmonious working re- 
[a'tionship between state and federa 
government agencies where both 
are needed. Imtiation of such an 
arrangement shoud come from the 

industry which should set v p ts 




Statistical and Financial: 


Expense Including Travel 


General Overhead 


Printing and Stationery 









Total Expense $105.137.1 1 

Four new bulletins have b«t 
published recently by Pennsylvania 
State College. Their numbers an!) 
titles follow: No. 305. Types J 
Farming in Pennsylvania; No.-* 
Potato Growing with Tractor r^o* 
er; No. 307. Linseed Meal tw 
Growing and Fattening La"'.' 
No. 303. the Vitamin D Req"'J^, 
ments of Growing Chick* * 
Laying Hens. 

cutting practice appear 

an opportunity for a higher total 

return for the milk sold by tliese 


Of course the spread between 
the fluid milk price and the surplus 
can be too great; that is. so great 
as to increase production vvil Inn 
the milk shed ancl very probably 
decrease consumpf if>n. thereby up- 
setting the equilibrium 1 
supply and demand forces 

own controls as far as possible, 
leaving for the government agen- 
cies only such activity as .sneces- 

to insure market stability. 


Commend AAA 


the dairv industry of the North- 
eastern States. n-- P'° om' 
require careful study. We recom 
mend that a permanent North 
"stern Dairy Conference be set 
UP to give consideration to the 
"dllowing and other problems fac- 
ing the industry. 
Pressing Problems 

1 Disease control. l-.ncouragc 
the' completion of the program ot 
bovine tuberculosis eradication in 
Northeastern States and tor- 
ulate a program for maintaining 
dairy herds on a tuberculosis free 

basis. c 

Work out a program tor a 

trol and reduction , , „ 

mastitis and contagious abortion 

7 Losses resulting from the dairy 
cow cucle. Outline an educational 
urogram to familiarize producers 
with the facts concerning the dairy 
cow cycle and the resulting 
on market supplies of milk. 

3 Milk consumption. 
plans to stimulate the consumption 

""^ r^andardizationofmilk-l^-fy 
practices employed to the fa 
content of milk such as Legal 
sundardization. blending mdkrorn 

as of high and low fat content, 
etc. with the view 
the most efficient 

witiiout vote, 


of losses from 

Few Farmers On Relief 

Three-fourths of the rural famil- 
• In relief in Tompkins and 
W\yne ounties. New York, are 
non farming, about one in ten are 
farm owners, and two in 
(..rm renters or lafiorers. 
^'"Nine out of ten families on rcliel 

both m the village and 
country, neither own ^^J 
enough land to carry on full-time 


These families 
no farm animals. — - , 

hal of them raised vegetabks^ 
while only thirty-seven per^^cent 
canned any vegetables, 
times as 

ten are 




have virtually 
Less than one- 



,s many "broken famdies 
or families in which men are absent 
are in the relief group. 

the findings of rro- 

Thcse arc 

fessor W. 

A. Anderson of Corne 


Poet: "1 wish to submit a poem 
"S-dTtor: -All right, but rm very 
' Wont you please throw 

busy now 

t into the waste basket your 


which is 
Dairy Di- 


commend the 
spirit of cooperation 
developing between the 
vision of the Agricultural Adjust 
ment Administration. State Mi k 
Control Boards and units in the 

industry. We believe that these 
government and industry agencies 


adding cream. 

to determine ... 

means of meeting the ^♦•'"«"^. 

3 Dairu cow replacements. 
Within the Northeastern StaU^ 
there are areas which raise da.r> 
cows for sale and other areas which 
depend for replacements upon the 
p rcbase of cows. Consideration 
^i:;uld be g.ven to the estabhsh- 
ment of agencies for the most 
economical transfer of cows. 


lasuU stockholders, lost in 

holding company, a 
that. Post. 

nd let it go at 

Indians are going to get 
their farm ' >"^ ^-^^^ and let 

land back 
that be"c^ lesson to them! 

some of 
nd 1 









Home and Community 


■^UxalbctK lAcG. Gi^aKaxtt. Editoir 


StmasMenu Xhe NcXt Step 

Along the Line 
of Local Meetings 

Sometime ago the Board of Directors of 
the Interstate endorsed the plan of a 
Program Committee to be appointeJ by the 
President of any Local desiring the assist 
ance of suc/i ci commiitee in tne progr-ms 
and activities of the Loci IVherc desired 
this Program Comwidee to be compose f oj 
five members: the President of the Local as 
Chairman, two H<omen and two other mem 
hers of the Locol 

• * * 

// is frequently said !h t every well 
rounded program for a n eeting is made up 
oj three elements: I "Bred and Butter . 
inform :tion about the business cfiuirs oj 
tie association: 2 'Meat', inspiration, 
son e'.hing to help keep the picture oJ our 
olj c ivcs constantly before us: i Ues- 
a rt". a little entertainment and good 
fellowship which may take any oj m^my 
forms, such as group singing, or a lillle 

refreshn ent. 

♦ ♦ * 

"The Fundamentals of Cooperation", 
the talk by iVi Ilium V Dennis of Pennsyl 
vania State College given at the June meet- 
ing of the Inter-State has been made avail- 
able for distritution in l^onl^let form by the 
Dairy Council. Requests for copies may be 

made to the Home and Community Depart 
merit of the Rkvikw 


Cell weather is almost here Hose 
attending the December or January meetings 
of our Lo:<li may appreciate a cup of fio. 
cocoa b fore or fler the meeting Ask the 
women about this! 

» ♦ * 

DoYOU k"""' ^^ '" WO"'' neighborhood 
belongs to your Loc.d and who does i t 
but should Try a roll call at the next 

meeting _ . 

Have the postcards carrying the program 
date to the members announce that every 
member will be expected to answer the roll 
call with a one sentence item or thougtU 
from a recent issue of the Kkvii w^ (Every 
Inter-State member receives the Kkvii w.) 
* * * 

Share your ideas for planning your 
Local meetings with the rest of us Read 
page 6 of the November Rkview. and 
remind the Secretary of your Local or some- 
one appointed for the purpose to send in 
to the Kf.vif.w a brief report of your 
December or January meeting Share your 
ideas along this line! 

Towers of Cooperative Stren] 

Mrs. Joseph S. Briggs 

As a report of the National Milk Producers Federation held 
Syracuse dur ng November. 1 wish that 1 nrught give you a word p.ct 
of what is possibly the most important gathermg of producers t 
in the L'nited Slates this year. . , 

Throuih those meetings one saw the power of the organized 
producers represented by fifty-three great coopera .ve 
prouui,i-i!. •(-h' "ir,»«r S»-»tp These fiftv-thrce associa i 

oni' of which is our own Inter-^tate. i nesi. i.ny *7i;nnm 

represent 33().()0'J farm families and dairy products worth $250,000 
a year all marketed by these associations. 

"^ It was a privilege to listen to the men of ability who represent 

pass on to your home communities. 

On- c tnin; tlio Inter Stnte ({roup was 
invilud to t ilk inform >lly witU le,iHers 
frotn%.-v. ral si lU-s. As wc- le -rnL-d of llie 
troubles in other territories an i how they 
wi re bein^ overcome, we reilizefl ihiit our 
problems are all much alike, an 1 that a 
clos.r unrlcrstmlin? by the members of 
the problems f.ced by the leiders. is 
iibsolulcly essential if organized coopcra- 
tijn is to succeed. Tlie eurnest seirchm^ 
for the true sniuli ns. and the harmony of 
tliest leaders workin ; shoulder to shoulder 
gave us re n. wed inspir ilion and faith. 
They wer,: considering the best methods 
in production, management, manufactur- 
ing?, .nl di tribution of diiry products. 
i;n i iilso t le outside force* thit create 

The Inspiration of the 
1934 Annual Meeting 

The women's session wilh so mr.ny present 
and their outtti nding intt r< st. ticir dt »ire 
to help. Dr. Dennis inspirition i.nd defi- 
nite plans of action for our part in coop- 

Miss Mery Mims of Louisi; n i. personal 
inspiration through life of service, high 
i-le Is nud spirit of cooper live le id« rship. 
Te'ling of her self only through tilling 
t I t le people with whom she worked i.nd 
their response, giving definite examples 
The three messaget i-nd ptr.icn-l conver- 

The fellowship of men i.n^ w.>m« n all 
through, especially bI Get Acqui.inted 
Social, at meals, meetings, banquet and 
between whiles. 

The fine music, humor nnd inspiration o 

message of Miss Mims at banquet, and 

•our goixl time dancin ; an J talking after. 

The harmony and good attendance at all 
sessions, the comprehensive reports and 
helpful messages all through the two days. 

The last day's lunch when .some "JO 
gathered bee i use they were deet»ly inler- 
esli d. ; nd we ate and I ilked ;;nd received 
fin .1 message and san^ with Mr McKnight 

The joy of meeting so many people of fine 
person dily and cooperative ideals 


Be It Resolved: 

That the Women's Session of the Philadelphia Inter- 
State Milk Producers' Association ask the Inter-State Board 
of Directors to consider the following: 

Because of our deep interest in the Intcr-Slatc and its 

success, we would like to contribute our help in more definite 

ways, and wc ask you to arrange for a Program Committee 

in each Local, one or more of which shall he women. This 

resolution to be printed in the Milk Producer.s' Rkvif.w. 

Resolution passed by the 

Women's Session, at the 

Annual Meeting. November 20. 1934. 

Our Dependence Upon Each Other 

Our dependence upon e ich other as 
producers was brought home to us again 
and again. l"or ex imple. we know thai 
the price of fluid milk and other dairy 
products depends to a very large degree 
upon the price of butler. Kvery milk 
producer's pocket book feels very definite- 
ly the effect of the nitionil butter price 
and even to some exl nl the world pricev 
We le irned more about the AAA and 
stale surplus control in genjral. You and 
I and thousi.n Is of others must acquaint 
ourseUes with efforts to control 
conditions, for they are with us as a 
bridge until we have learned to control 
our problems by our own cooperating 

The responsibility of women in this 
great growing cooperative movement, and 
e.sp« ci illy as milk-producin? families, was 
considered at an early session, before the 
addresses and resolutions It is high y 
important that th. farm woman should 
not only know how milk is produced on 
the farm, but should follow it in her think- 
ing to the market 

Mrs. Consumer Is Important 

Mrs ( onsuin r is more importint 
tiKluy thi n ever bef< rj. The New Deal, 
ameng countless other projects, has 
St rted the organiz lion of Consumer 
Couneil.s in all the I .rge cities for the 
purpose of Kirnin;; more about the pro 
duelion of f<M>d pro luets. Because of Us 
import nte. milk is the first commodity 
in which these consumers groups will 
interest themselves women face 
i^n opp<jrt unity never before offered them 
rh<y c n il they will, meet these city 
groups with iin int lligeni fund of infor- 
m.aion reh:live to pr .duct ion .inrl distri 

bution. . 11 

To interest wom> n in the beginning in 
the work of our n i 'hboring cooperative 
league in New York, the women were asked 
to help wi h the soi iai p. rt )f I hepio ;r,>ms, 
such as providini! r. fr.slwm nts This 

humanizing influence drew people closer 
together, and was a stepping stone to the 
development of the education d work 

I rom Ohio came a member of the farm 

Bureau federation reporting that tl 
women are assuming equal res|)onM 
with their husb.nds. working side 
side to develop .-.nd siren .{then the o 
cralive movement. She s iid sometu 
a member is acUally lost beciuse of 
uninformed wom.n's influence Tl 
opposite is true where the mother 
the whole family are enthusiastic 
where cooperative ide ils pirmeate 
entire home atmosphcr.-. We our 
know this is true. Ohio is going foi 
rapidly, in starting folk schools and 
cussion groups where the adults 
receive information needed to inlellig«« 
and loyally work together. 

An important point for all of us to 
in mind was made by N^ P 1 lul 
Michigan. President o! the NationiiM 
Producers federation, when he r 
"It will be imp«>s8i!)le to materially 
prove the situation of dairy f- 
without improving the economic condi 
of the great Ixxly of general farmers 
Train yourselves to know how to 
fine leaders for your Locils and all al 
the line. Se irch out and select the 
for places of res|X)nsibility. and guid 
who are fitted for le iders. an I nit been 
they are trying to get such positr 
The deep thinker an I resourc -ful type 
cm pass the best thoughts successW 
on to others, and whose st indards 
such that loyalty and faith go with t 
are the pet>ple we must select 

Where Shall the Women Begi»? 

When the whole substance of W 
messages were l)oiled down this i» 
they mean: , , 

Cooperation, where ever you hna 
rises out of a need . w irm I'vinKhu"*, 
need of men and wom-n and chiWW 
It is a living thini. It is the Goldsj 
cs Private busi 

ttt will 

,,AH McK l-YONS. M D. 

1^"^" My first Christ- 

mas present has 
come just a glass 
of a very delicious 
pickle My Irieiid 
makes it bersell ; 

It S il l> VV 3 t .. = 

( bristmas colors 
of red and green 
Did you remem 
ber when the jelly 
and pickling sea- 
.. son was on. to 

(rw small a.lditional jars that 
uu.>rd with the Christmas red. or 
''wrtheKre.n^ ltwillbe,ustthe 

,;lyour friend who cannot make 

1 ...llies now will receive 
own )el >es _ , . j \^^^ 

anot the weight ol jewei or w 

.K- rustle of silk or fur. 

. he "pint m which the gift is rich 

' L (i«of the Wise Men we-rc 

£ wetve never been told whose 

<*'*'w!!'^the gift of myrrh •■ 

^hose was tl e g ^^ ^ j^^„^ ^„ 

ijr'V^ni . com,,)ete without 
,ch attention to a Bill of I arc 

Appetiser Interest: 
in- n«.Daration of the api>etizer began 
fcev'ery first thought of Christm.s 
who Jill Ik. our guests or whose 
,11 we f>e 1 be ideas an 1 plans 
with a ke n anticipation of the least 
use of a big interest in our plans. 
Fntree Gladness: 
T^ appetizer was m.t large in 'lU^nUty 
«deLus. so piquant that appetites 

whetted No two house-keepers make 
JieOur recipe ells for "adopting a 

"av" 'No man has yet numbered 

blessings, the mercies, the )oys of 

Wearea'lrichertbanwe h.nk. and 

we once set ourselves to re-"^""'"* "{j 
,hmg» for which we are glad, we shall 

utcmished at their number ^J^l 

not sending gifts to some cousms who no, miss ours 

Idwehave "adopted a family, a family 
ttt has no folks to remember them, even 
.card, and no funds to buy their own 

!\4ain Course Hospitality: 
•in some homes, hospitality is served 
irrounded by relatives. 1 his is we I. In 
«. It is dished up with dignitaries 
»i,pves a fine effect, but cools quickly 
ii m the long run is not s.tis ying^ 
mt of all. It is served with a tareal 
(.nety of Unfortunate Persons, such as 
idy people, whose folks have passed 
the home-land: whoso folks live t.K. 
away to be with them at this season; 
;ly people in boarding bouses, lonely 
-ple ol all grades. 

iW Courje Love, garnished with .smiles: 
By this time, the keen edge ol hunger 
been appease-<l; surely troubles are 
,)tten and sorrows shut out: and there 
gentleness with the sweet sauce ol 
mghltr All are now ready t{> match 
itsinagame Try a. Santa ( laus -S^ck 
"One guest starts with the letter A. 
lying "Santa Claus" .Sack has Anim tis 
it" The next one says. Books , the 
-It "Candles", and so on until every 
stter in the alphabet has lieen use<l II 
>y one cannot think of something to 

Outline summury of the talk ^'' Jl'' Z"lemb,r 20. 1''^ 
State Milk Producers .issocalion. I\oumK,r 

und.rst.ndin .. a gracjual realization. 

1 .„r),v.d..alists today into 

a man a coopcrator. 

I^ ooperalives aeee|.>i ii ...v.. v..., — 
result is larger living lor the individuH 
greater measure of comfort for the lamm 
and a better world in which to live 

Where shall rve worn, n st .rt to wof 
for this ide4l> Right at horn-- '" <* 
locals, creating a better understandinj 
milk marketing conditions, througn _ 
closer tie up with our central organizal"" 
and more frequent, more informm? *»■ 
interesting programs, an I the socul »P , 
that binds us in good fe'low.ship ^ 
seeking true inf« rmation. selecting 
leadership, and cooperatin ; 'oy j"y '"'"""J, 
thick and thin, a n -w spirit and a n 
strength will be growing within 
without , ||,j{ 

Our nation has passed through i» 
less than a revolution. We have a n« 
to believe we will continue to •o'"?* ^^^^j 
without arms until fairer relations 
opportunities arc established, "nd 
we will hand on to our children an Anj^ 
can agriculture neither pea.sant n"' PjjJJ. 
because we more and more practice < 
tional and economic cooperation. 


There is no one "next step 

A^ nt knowle lu-e oi the true n -tare of c«opcr./-oM 

B. At present, knowic im oroccss. a grow 

Knowledge o, what -.p"»^ -^:|^«^^:^i:y-"nrans,orm ,n... 1 
,1, thin.! as a «"''''• "^._^;;;;, ^, ,.,,„iract doesnt m.k 

vth in 

.operator's personal business, it is a/um.'/y 

V.rv r.ircly ""Y """"'' 

. wLu l..-a.f.l o.«.p.r,.l..r l..n,..rr.,.. 

Me^bcTship in ,, (armcV, co„p.-,u.lve ,» nol solely tl.o man- 


:hildren have a 



part to play it 

Steps toward family participation in 

the life and work of their cooperative 

Rule put into practice, friva.- - _,, ^^ caiinoi iiiiii>» "■ •• 

so often fails to m -et this challenrl, jI,^ ,^,,^^ j^^.f^^^^. ,,,p ^est of the group 

Cooperatives accept it boldly and «|ount ten. he or she must drop out ol the 

' ■ ' -''•""■|»ne; any plaver slK^aking out of turn 

If using the wrong letter must also drop 

Dessert Satisfaction: 

AdishoflKjn Iwm made from mirth 

I' titudc and faith Iwaten together and 

"n in mold.i of solid trust and patience 

'wp-d corn SL-ems to Ijelong especially 

this season. 

As we enjoy the |>op corn balls, a game 
^Id be enjoyable too. so try pinning on 
ntiClius' whiskers, just as we used to 
in the tail on the donkey The peals ol 
'"filter are proof that every quality. 
cry mood of the Bill of-l"are has been 
"laid in digestion. , 

^ All these things go to make a perfect 
^linstmas But if we can only have a 
'"•of them, or even none of them, we 
"^ have a new peace in our hearts, and 
!»»yer» that the children ol the land may 
*Wed and carc-d for even as the C hrist 
'"Id was loved and cared for by 1 lis 
■«ither Mary that night long, long ago 
'^ he lay in a manger in Bethlehem! 

ard family participation in the H . and worK o — ■ -" "- ^ „^,„,,,„. Make car„e.t 
Zt and oUl,.r clul.lrcn .l,.,ul.| .^''-fj^: ^.^l i.'^d^n, oFthelusinc,, »nd adn,,n,s,, 



al meeting 

, , ^„v.v. youth , 

„, ,,,.. ,„,.l. .nl should .nclude men and 

ph, 1 son ; sheets to send out to 






as men 

.1, ,„.! .„..» ..n..n, c„.n,n,„e.. ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^.^ ^_^^ ^^^^ ,^^^^ ^|_^ ,„„„„;„, „„e. 

ery Inter-Statc member in your district. Use 

rrepare « m'ti' — ./ - . 

,eyeral persons in doin. this. ^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

Make the next local meeting so interesting 
Prepare a map of your Icc.l district. Locate eve, 



appropriate lime) for all locals; or. if 
One brief dynamic talk on vital phase 



Make an inventory of the talent resources in 

esting s. etc 

Plan full and well distributed use of this talent 

a In local meet in /s. 

b In neighborhood gatherings 

or.„ni. on.. ^r':^r;z^::\:^\:^z t-^mJ t::i 

necessary divide area into iw , ,,„^.i „nd business 

b. Devote cKc.sion to recreation, entert .mm nt. an 1 

of local groups ,„ii«lral ffrouDS, dramatic 

A,„„.. i„.cr..oca. vi,it» o. social and enterta.nment groups, cl.oruses., , 

.^_^,^j^ ^Ij^, ,„^, d IM, where possible, and 

^:f 'men' r:?:^:'^."^,,^^!":'. «nd what real cooperation has done. 

,.o, such study cla«.e,. consider the use ol such books as: 

(I 1 ,r,..u,l. Ilr«e «. < o . N™ "l o'k ) 

• "••";i';;;;vi:1i"^o."."n.«v„.u.27) 

r Daws<m Oberlin. . Protest ;nt S-'"'. 

c. 1J"^'*'^;^^„_, <^.,^^,, ft, Co.. Chicago. U.) 

(This list i-* suggestive, not complete.) 
Devote one or more pag-s of your pup.r 
■ of various phases of COC^---^ ^ ,^, ., ,,,,, ,..,. .nd be m .d. into a s.nes of lessons, with question. 
" l^-':^:tu::r:^ Iwers in the ne. or l.t.r issues 

„ 1 f II „,l rlieniss vour association s paper. 

Read carefully and d scuss yo ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^_^, ,^ ^^^ ^^ „„^;^ 

•ndk Inter-State affairs over ■„ Ik pr s n y ^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^ 

Support wUh -•'"■»;-;:;,;J':(';':: "alirion" Become conscious, 
officers and representatives oi you ^ , , 

^ The accompli 
* hard work. ] 
istics of wives 
C X«„ lines o, activity .r .Vn.e.,.c attention and e«ort .r Both .en and women - 

, ,,,„ ,,u,ldin« up o. .Uon«. -"-"^'-I^'^^^^^^^.^.^^^ ,„ _^,,„„ on« and youth 

Wnat Rural U^dership Can Be! 

the Mii.K Producers' 

Review, each month to study 


and representatives of your association. -^^ ^f ^,„„„ ^i„ .nvolve 

,lishme.U of any considerable P-^^fJ^ ^ ".r ' Th s" h^v^c^ver be.n notable character- 
-*:;::[ m:;t:"^.^rr^X ^^l^S: cl;^acter.stics of th. women of the Inter-State. 

2. The development of the knowled.^c 





I cntribulion of the hom< 

vit ll C) 

ilri >uli'>n OI 1 :u- 11". "■ . , 1 I 

llof both the eWn. try and the hi.hschcK,!. 





Field and Test Report, 1934 

F* M. Twining, Director 

_ lijc r>r>«tT»nnement of the \^jj 
I Annual* Meeting made neces- 

the usual number of local meetings bemg tested; readmgs of fat tests 

ware, by unqualified operators, 
from improperly taken oaniH.cs 
that were sometimes shipped about 

making many night meetings and 
long days for the Fieldmen, but 
they carried on in their usual ef- 
fective manner without complaint. 

Weigh Tank Studies 

We reported last year on experi- 
mental work we had done on study- 
ing cases of inaccuracy of samples 
of milk, cooled without agitation 
to very low temperatures. Further 
studies have been carried on this 
year on weigh tank design for in- 
suring greater accuracy in milk 
sampling and the elimination of 
faulty milk plant methods of 

Returned Milk Prevention 

We are especially pleased with 
the results of our "Returned Milk 
Prevention" work which was car- 
ried on from May Ist to November 
1st. The amount of milk rejected 
at all plants where our prevention 

made without water baths to insure 
the proper temperature; samples 
sometimes taken only one day in a 
two or four weeks' period, some- 
times from churned or frozen milk, 
and sometimes from only one can 
of a shipment; samples emptied 
immediately after being tested so 
that no check-test could be made; 
dealers' tests not available for 
comparison, such tests often being 
carried around in the pocket of a 
distant dealer fieldman who could 
not be found; no provision for 
heating samples while in the cen- 
trifugal machine: samples taken by 
an unqualified sampler and shipped 

3. Requirement that dealers no- 
tify patrons of the results of 
their tests by United States 
Mail within two days after 
completion of the test. 
We are planning, with the assist- 
ance of our Board of Directors and 
the help of our members to ask 
for the passage of better Babcock 
Test Law provisions in all the 
states in which we operate and in 
the enforcement of old and new 
laws on this important subject. 

Future Farmers 

Our President, Mr. Welty has 
expressed a keen desire to increase 
interest in cooperative agriculture 
in the minds of farm boys and girls. 
He feels that a great field is open 
for working with vocational high 
school instructors in teaching coop- 
eration to our future members who 
are attending either vocational or 


director from that district 
affect all members- that the 
shed must be considered as a 
and district interests should 
over-emphasized. One noi. 
from a district would defeat 
right, it is contended. 

But. answer the one-nom 
advocates, we want a man wi 



lales Manager's Report 

ky H. D. AUebacH 

It IS a 

Iphiladelphia niu. ...--^-^^^^_ ^ ^ 

an unquaiihed sampler ana sn.ppcu «.. , V^", " u "l p|.,sse8 as well as 
to some irresponsible laboratory to [-^^l^-^ °l' ircoTr 

be tested, where each party could 
blame the other for discrepancies 
and the dealer could say, "My 
testing work is done by disinter- 
ested parties." 

Strengthen Laws 

We find that present day condi- 

at all plants wnerc uui jjit^^-..^.".- wc imu •.■.ci ^. — ^y- — ^ 
service has been in operation has tions. particularly with regard to 
1 I . «.: «!.. f>Am _i 1 «.r.»U/-^<^i: r\t mnlina re- 

changed methods of cooling, re- 
quire the strengthening of our 
laws, particularly to include: 

1 . Requirement that dealers pro- 
vide such mechanical devices 
as will insure reliable samples 
under any and all conditions. 

2. The elimination of any strain- 
er compartment in the weigh 
tank below the level of the 

decreased almost continuously trom 
month to month. Many producers 
who formerly were having much 
difficulty in locating the causes of 
their trouble have been able, by 
the information we have given 
them, to greatly reduce their losses 
from having milk turned down for 
off flavors and odors. 

At two large plants the equiva- 
lent number of 100 lb. cans of milk 
returned in 1934 was 2677 less than 
in 1932. 

At one Philadelphia plant rigid 

requirements suddenly imposed 

caused the milk of over 40 members 

to be rejected for several days; the 

Field and Test Department imme- 
diately went after the trouble and 

practically eliminated the trouble 

in two weeks time. 

In connection with this Quality 

Work, our department has called 

upon the owners of many herds 

affected with mastitis, or garget. 

to help them locate the particular 

cows affected. 

Comparison of 1923 
With 1934 Conditions 

It takes only a short time to 

X^'S^iSrw^rt'de'velo" How Many Nominees? 

ment and progress of the check- 
testing and other services cannot 
but view with great satisfaction the 
progress that has been made over 
conditions prevalent in 1923. 

1 was told recently by a well- 
meaning friend of the Association, 
that our members are not inter- 
ested in what "has been done" but 
only in what is "going to be done" 
for them in the future. 1 cannot 
entirely agree that members are 
not interested in the abolishment 
of many careless and objectionable 
practices which were prevalent in 
the early days of this department, 
such as: 

Tests made with inaccurate glass- 

n demonstrating the correct use 
of the Babcock test and the 
microscope. While realizing that 
this line of work must not in any 
way interfere with their regular 
duties the Fieldmen are planning 
as their time will permit and until 
some better plan is found, to teach 
milk testing and the fundamentals 
of cooperation to farm boys and 
girls not only for the benefit of the 
boys and girls, themselves, but 
because we believe that by so 
doing their Dads and Mothers will 
gain a better understanding of 
their dairy problems and with a 
better understanding and a better 
informed membership, there will 
naturally follow a stronger and 
better Inter-State. 

pleasure to report that the 

.. _. - r" . . •>! \,^¥ xa nr»W 

we KIIUW will JJ«V/VV.*.V ^**. >,i|<-«^ . . L.« «...>. ,,,.&. a^..^ ,. -- - 

We want one who has the 
dence of his neighbors and is 
choice. A director who is seco 
third choice in his home di 
cannot serve his district and 
the confidence of the membtnl 
effectively as a man who is 
first choice, they assert. 

In two districts in the r 
election the man who got the 
votes in the preferential no 
tion failed to win the elec 
Closer study reveals that oik 
them obtained 51.1 percent oi 
vote in the nomination, the oi 
5 1 .6 percent, and each had just 
opponent. In each case 

majority was slight and showi 
remarkably even division o( 
ion on the small nominating 

returned. , inaiority 

The vote at the election shoCi Li^ are operating under 
that these two districts had byff?^ ^^^ j^ ^as held the trend ot 
the closest contests of any oil ^^^^\on in line with consump- 
tive districts in which contesti . j^^^ has been done by 
curred. , , Uning the price of all milk above 

It appears that the delegi y^ ^ji^ and cream needs, at a 
used the nominating vote rat ^^^ ^y^j^ y,\\\ not encourage 
extensively as their guide in voo j^^tion beyond market needs, 
but they did not accept it in; !j.|^ ^^^^j^ j^^s been that < 

producers are supplying ^bat ;_ 
Lumers are taking as fluid milk 
ad cream, but have not been 
interested in producing ^ «urplu« 
which is bound to eventually cause 
trouble in any market. This plan 
ha. not been followed generally in 
the secondary markets and the 

I. oood condition. -- 

'"S in the best shape of any 

''* during the last four years. By 

.in good condition, 1 mean 
./there Is no apparent effort to 
* ^ilk prices, that there is 
"^\ han a normal surplus 
LTiaily needs and that there 
^elaSvely few producers who 
, Sng other outlets for their 

U The Philadelphia market is 
'luch better shape in these 
•oects than are most of the 
Cdary markets within the milk 

Theeffectsof the basic and sur- 
plu? Ian which has been in oper^ 
Ln in this market since 1920 has 
, much to do with our present 
iactory condition. l>e «7» 
of the dealers in Phila- 
nder this 

ket fail to provide for our producers 
from those states then the Federal 
agreement may be u sea i" W-^-;; 
them You all know that the 
prices set forth in that agreement a 
vear ago last August still prevail 


"U «\iit has been iiiai ""• tollowea win*'" •»•-' i . . 

where the nominating votes ^^j^^^^ ^,, supplying what_the jj ^iJU were out^ of 1'";;^;"^ ^^"[Ij; 

close. f , A E 

The sentiment of the Ann 
Meeting was strongly in favora 
more extended trial of the ti 
nominee per district plan. Peria 
discussion through the columni 
the Review would enable memii 
to study this problem further. 

The summary of Field and Test Department activ- 
ities for the year follows: 

Milk Plants Regularly 1 nvestigated ; , • „ ^ , . o , i! ? 
ButterfatTestsMadeatMilkPlantsand Inter-State Lab.82,916 

Herd Sample Tests Made j'^'^ 

Total Farm Calls • • ., .- 

New Members Signed by Fieldmen ^J' 

Transfers Inactive to Active Membership y 

Brom Thymol Tests for Mastitis. ^•'^' 

Microscopic Readings of Milk Samples , \ . ,, Aij 

Letters Sent Members Giving Cause of Returned Milk 2.032 

Local Meetings Attended lo ^f ^ 

Total Attendance at Local Meetings ' ^.^ " 

Speed TB Testing 

A new high mark in the erais 
tion of bovine tuberculosis o« 
red during October, 1934. wjJ 
49,932 cattle that had rcacte(i 
the tuberculin test were desigtul 
for removal and slaughter. Thu 
an all-time monthly record fort 
detection of tubercular cattle.!/ 
ing the month 1 ,80S,202 catf 
were tested in the 48 States 

These results were made poss 
by Federal emergency funds, av: 

result has been an increase in 
production among producers sup- 
plying those markets. 

throughouTThiV milk shed except 

'"ThTptryivania M.Ik Control 
Board issued its first order covering 
The Philadelphia market, effective 
on April 2nd. and has issued sevc.a 

orders since. 1 be work of this 
board has been a d-tmct he p to 
producers over most of the statc^ 

It has raised prices "{-^^'-"Y '" 
most sections, especially for Class 

1 milk, and it has reduced the 
prevalence of many objectionable 
trade practices which reacted 
against producers. But it has not 
Raised the price in the Philadelphia 
area because this market was aU 
"ady operating on a P-e jbch 
appears to be practical and fair 
to both producers and consumers 
under present conditions. 

Price Out of Line 

The first order issued by the 

Control Board and -veral which 

followed which set prices for Llass 

nilk were out of line with com- 

;;, conditions. As a result 

?Scre was heavy buying of cream 

rom outside of the milk shed^ 

Order No. 17. effective on October 

Ist reduced the price of cream to 

a mers to a level which gave a 

disuibutor no advantage in buying 

outside the milk shed, thus insu^- 

ir.g our producers of a marke for 

These reductions occurred in sev- 
eral markets operating under fed- 
eral licenses and were declared 
necessary because of the abund^ 
..„.,. of milk in the vicinity of these 
markets which had only cheese u, 
butter outlets. , 

The trend of both milk produc- 
tion and milk prices beyond next 
spring is not much more than a 
»,uess at this time. We are not at 
all sure al)Out the next six months 
e prices of feeds goes much 
igher there will be a deeded 
tendency to hold down P-duction^ 
Should the price of feeds drop we 
can expect production to be en 

Help Fight Tuberculosis 

Sanitary Regulations 

A second reason for the market 
conditions in Philadelphia being 
better than in the secondary mar- 
kets is the effect of sanitary regu- 
lations required by the Boards ot 
Health. Most of the larger dealers 
are now requiring that their pro- 
ducers meet New Jersey require- 
ments and some that they meet 
Newark requirements. These strict- 
L M ..'M " requirements have discouraged 
^g^^^^y.^^^'^'-^iome producers from continuing 
able both for operating expew ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Philadelphia market 
and for indemnity payrnents.:^ ^.^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ milk has 
eral States are taking advantage ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ secondary 
the opportunity, thus proviw ^^^^^^^ ^^^.^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 
for completing testing at a nii' ,t„ct requirements, 
irlier date than would other»l . . ^ . . 

couraged. The buying power of 
the consuming pub he will also be a 
miehty important factor. We can 
^of exoect much of an increase m 
'"u^ °"' ;;;f ^rXTio^;." Pnc\Vro 11::Tu.^ the consuming public 
i^Jumerre r^lced about 5 Kas the money to buy more^of^ 
cents a quart at the same time. 

the higher of their present basic or 
their average production during the 

first eight months of 1954. it 

»^-r..^",y.?. "It 'the^^'rouS 

esUbiish* 'basics for producers in 
Those states on the same basis as 
in Pennsylvania, these basics to 
carry through the year n^> 

The same order provided that if 
the combined basics of any dealer 
should be raised under this new 
plan then each producer supplying 
?Ut dealer would have lus basic 
reduced on a percentage basis so 
That the total of all basics would 
be the same as previously. Ihis 
had the effect of giving all produc- 
ers in the entire milk shed, except 
New Jersey, a chance to estabhsh 
a higher basic if their sales during 
the past year justihed it. 

Extend State Control 

Every member of this Associa^ 
tion in Pennsylvania and iNew 
Hey and. in fact, every other 
milk producer in these two s ates 
^ust look the question squarely n 
The face as to whether the milk 
control board of these states should 

be continued beyond the time 


I'mTsrid-be^ontinu^i. The 

Wality of the Control Board act 
?pl?nsylvama has not ^en tested 

in the Courts and should hat act 
be found unconstitutional 1 U-e 
^at another should be d-f ted hat 
will establish some kind o a 
kgalized arbitration board or other 
body to help keep order in he 
industry until such time as the 
mergency is definitely over. 


•nts a quail »•• -^ : , . i 

The effect of this orc^er has had 
much to do with the pre^m 
satisfactory condition of he mar 
Let It has made it possible lor us 
to find new outlets for several 
Lries which had been looking for 

new markets for several months^ 

It appears at this time that the 
butter market will carry through 
the coming winter at a much highe 

level than we had last year. 92 
score butter has averaged about 
29 cents at New Vork during the 
first two weeks of November, 
almost 6 cents above a year ago 
anT'sat a level which has not 
been reached since December. 

!:::ductsTtappears;t the present Members Can Help 

Ce thit the^two facto. __ cost ^ ^^^^ ^,^^ ,, • ^e duty of this 



ONE ELECTION of directors of 
your association has been com- 
pleted under the revised by-laws 
which provide that nominations 
must be made from within the 
district which the candidate hopes 
to represent. The plan is not 
perfect. It may work injustices. 
But it has, we believe, demon- 
strated its superiority over the 
previous method. 

It has certainly simplified the 
annual meeting procedure, making 
it possible to speed the election and 
leaving more time for discussic)n of 
policy and for action on resolutions. 

The one point that seems to be 

controversial is the number of 
nominees which shall be placed on 
the official ballot from any given 
district. Three, say the by-laws. 
One. say some members. Three, at 
least for a year or two while getting 
a good trial, said a decided majority 
at the annual meeting when they 
voted down a resolution to make 
it. only one. 

With three nominees, all of whom 
find at least some favor in their 
home districts, all members have a 
chance to express their choice. 
Some contend that this right must 
be reserved to the membership-at- 
large because the action of the 

have been possible. 

Teacher: "What cow m 
United States is best known tori 
amount of milk it gives? 

Tommy: "Magnesia, mam;' 
the drug stores sell its milk. 

It has also been discovered that 
in many secondary markets many gutter Market Up 

• - ■■- - *^'^ ^^.^ ;^nroved butter price will 

Father: "What do you 
now? Haven't I just set up V 
husband in business?" 

Married Daughter: 
Oswald wants you to buy himo" 

dealers are not living up to the 
control board regulations on basis 
ot payment. They have chosen in 
many cases to pay their producers 
on a percentage of total productioii 
rather than on a percentage ot 
basics. The result has been a 
tendency to increase production so 
« to get a bigger share in the 
You all know that in August. 
.•Yes H '^^^- we secured a Federal Mi k 
. '»..t Marketing Agreement for this milk 


llmpress Poppaea, wife of N'^ 
is said to have taken a daily 
in milk. 

»hed. The agreement has not been 
fully withdrawn because there is 
no state control over milk produced 
I in Delaware or in Maryland for 
the Philadelphia market and should 
•t&te legislation affecting this mar- 

;is improve* r " . ..^ 

result in an increase of about 
cents per hundred pounds tor 

Class n-n^^»«^^"' Tl'^''- ?^' 
mcrea- compared to December 
,933. will amount to about 30 
cents a hundred pounds of milk 
if the present price continues 
through December. , , .i 

iT. terrific drought whjch tlu:y 
had through the Central States 
h:' hid itslffect upon dairy Pr.- 

Milk prices on many ""'^7; ;;,*"„*' 
.n the M.dwest were rais^^ during 

the summer, but there na 
several decreases during the last 
Teveral weeks after the effects of 
Abundant fall pastures were felt. 

ofTroduction and consumer buying 
power will remain at somewhere their present level for the 
nZ six -o':iths. If this proves 
true It is unlikely that there will 
be any great change m the price 
of milk. 
New Basics 

Under the f^rst state-wide order 
issued by the Pennsylvania Milk 
Control Board the producers we^e 
given new basics based upon their 
Iverage monthly production dur- 
ri932 and 1933. This feature 
ofthat'orde" worked a hardship on 

many producers selling in jhis 

1 and 

.arkei who had chosen to keep 
at horie such of their milk as was 

not needed in Classes 1 and I. 

h gave a premium to those pro- 

1 ^ U^ had not been selling 

^r.he plan a'd" who had been 

"ncrcsing .he,r herd, -f"<"7„^ 
the needs of the market. Tour 
LsL^ation obtained an amend- 
a . ,„ ,ki. order a lowing the 
r: ba°lct b^ the higher ot the 
"db«k or the two-year .vera*- 

;,iucer.. Thi. tin., .t .llo««l 

1 .Up members oi 

organization and the mem 

the organization and other dairy 

c^™ atives working in this s ate 

rrelp with the enforcement o, 

t--nr'nt"her:'are feature, of 


on several occasions with the resuu 
thaT the control board orders are 
now working much better than at 

^"rlir Allebach also outlined two 

aU producers regardless of he 
purchases and sales of '"^iv dua 
Sealers. Because of lack of space 



the Annual Meeting 

clared on Novem ^^^ 

toTalicte^Xrculosis from dairy 

herds. This brings the total to 

17 states. 






) i 





Resolutions Cover Important Issues 

Mmpfp^ Ahbmved at Meeting 


making the sky the limit for Regulations, and creating a new 

sDort for our Milk Dealers. • j 

^ A.,^ Wwpwr^. the Farmer is in no position under present econ 
condit"io"ns to pay the Fiddler, and to bear the burden ottnese.r, 
^:gulations. asUng imposed or about to be imposed b^^^^^^^^ D. 

^tet- State 

I, » R Marvel, association 

' President, as chairman He 

iuS B. H. Welty who IS 

':;ing his fust year as^res 

,of the association. Mr. Wtlty 

'"?. J r^nnrt which was 

'•,ed with enthusiasm. Ub- 


regulations, as being imposed or about to oe impusc-u uj, ...^ .....^ w,^,.- ^^mbers are behind 

WENTV nv. RESOLUTIONS Were brought before the annual meeting Ji„,Ugated by the head of the Pennsylvania Milk Inspection Se|.^>^„, ^., ^,^,,, ..^ their 
WENTY-FIVE «|SOL^^" p^_j„cers' Association for action by the y^ ^ Moffett. , . i „f ,U n ' - ^^ '■ 

of the Inter-State ^'Ik Producers ass ^jj; j , resolutions Thfrffore. Be It Resolved that we the members of the D 

delegates and other^members in^atU^dance^ Add ^^^^^^^^.^^^ ^^ ^ Plums tead Sooming Glen Local in session this I 5th day of Nove, 

1934. petition the Inter-State Milk Producers Association in .U 
Annual Meeting on the 20th day of November. 1934. in Lxecu, 
Session to use all its power and influence and every avenue of rec. 
in bringing back to the farmer a sane uniform and impartial Ke?ula 
Ls existed under the Quality Control Department of the Ph.ldel 
Inter-State Dairy Council. ad 

Lolutions Committee Oliver C. Landis. haac S. Gross. Amo, B 

were presented to ^1-' Vd"rrne^XtnTwt^1ar±rc"o^;!re- 
?:::;t= ^^7:0::^ S^^^i t ^slration in each case of 

'^^' Nineteen of the 23 resolutions were approved by the meeting, two 
of whihw'e approved for reference to a legislative committee^ Two 
resolut ons approved by the committee were tu-ned down by the m-U- 
ine One of these, to combine Locals, was referred to a ^P'^*^''*' ^°'J 
mftteP for 8 udv Another resolution was reported unfavorably by the 
rommitt rilie grounds that it was out of th^ -mmees prc,^^^^^^^ 

to appear in succeeding issues. 
Print All Resolutions in Review 

Whereas we believe we can get better --P-^*;^'\^i;i'J'i;:i„':tTg 

K" J ^rr:ff :;: =;!o:^ x jlt^^te->or^^^ 

future meetings. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ Secretary. MercersbarS Local. 

Milk Control Legislation Endorsed 

We endorse the action of the legislatures of Pennsylvania and New 
iersev and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in efforts 
hrou'gh the es^al^lishment of milk control boards and through b 
hcens^g.of .dealers to el.-.;;;^-^-^^,^-;^-:' ^^.^'^^^U^n 
of these agencies, and should include provisions which will encourage 

Include Women in Activities 

Recognizing that farm women have a direct interest in the su 
of their farms and that this interest is intimately concerned w.^ 
programs and policies of the marketing association «*^»bng their prj 
and recognizing further that our young oiks of today will be ou far, 
and farm wives of tomorrow, we heartily recommend that further, 
be taken to include in the activities of the Inter-State Milk Produ. 
Association and its Locals the entire family of members of the 
ciation. so that every member of the family '"^Jf >,^\^^^ .'"i\\Yv 
standing of marketing programs and policies which so directly ■ 
their life and standard of living. 

ielty and are giving him then 
Lornn building a better Inter 
The President's address is 
Tmarized briefly on page 2 
four Sales Manager. H. U- 
ach, then gave his report 
■his covered on page ''Mr. 
,ch received a great liand 
the crowd, furnishing ample 
,nce that his popularity among 
Ubership has not suffered 
„ the slanderous and villifymg 
"cksagainst him during the past 


himself. M.S. Bayard, editor of the 
Pennsylvania larmer. kept the 
entire crowd in high spirits with 
his exhausthss ability to combine 
sound sense with wit and humor 
Me kept the crowd pepped up ana 
put everyone in a i^wv.,,v..~ -- 
for the inspiring address by Miss 
Mary Mims. Extension Sociologist 
from the University of Louisiana 

Miss Mims' talk emphasized the 
value of sound community organi- 
zations and how necessary it is to 
develop leaders, a message which 
a large number of the delegates will 
doubtless take home and put to 
work in their own locals. lo 
attempt a review of her talk in 
,ld type would be useless as it 
uld" miss the inspiration and 
ambition transmitted by her per- 
sonality. A program of entertain- 
ment, followed by dancing, com- 
pleted the evening. 

Educational Session 

About 185 members and dele- 
gates went on tours of milk and ice 


Endorse Dairy Council Educational Work 

We be eve further that in tne enacimci i y. o^^.. .^..^ -.- . . 

of cooperative marketing he recognized -^;^^*-\«^-"f ^ \^"'"^,„"J,;,1X 
eratives be encouraged, that effective methods of production control be 
ma ntatned that processors or distributors of dairy products be licensed 
Td effectfve prov'^^sions be made for the enforcement of such licenses. 

Council Reports 

•he Dairy Council work and 

^s were brought to the 
ition of delegates and mem- 

« bv C I Cohce. l-.xecutive gates wem w" ^""-^ -• — 

JL A complete summary of ^.^eam plants on Wednesday morn- 
^Xwill be given next month. j^g. Five different groups were 
r points were the reduction in organized each making tvvo stops^ 
' C activities which have j^^ educational session held on 

'taken over by most dealers Wednesday morning featured ad- 
orse ^a.ry ^ « the extensive educational acti- dresses by A. H. LauterbachC^i.ef 

Whereas, a constant, vigorous and well-directed «^"^^^™ T"^^^^^^^^^^ 
paign offers the only effective manner of •----f^^-^„^J^^°,73"3^^^ 
and thus improving the financial situation of all milk producers servj 'j'J^^'^j^^ j^ ,^^„al secondary 

^'"^:ris t^ maintenance of p.per milk Pr<^uction and Pj ^^^^ olllrf ^^un^-U^' 
consumption requires services, of, var.oussorts^to^ b^^pejfo^^^^^^^^^^ ifble; pr^p'ared and can be 

InS dupon request. 
„..h ! The executive session of the^asso- 
hearUJ ition continued with an address 

ana oy ivii»3 ivi.n.o. . — - 
OS are summarized on other pages 
of this issue. Between four and 
five hundred attended this session. 


Eradicate Diseased Cattle 

We respectfully request that an adequate amount of money be 
supphed by Congress to continue to carry on the eradication of bovme 
suppiieu uy ^ s _ , ^,1 ^, ^nftU rliseases as rapidly 

KESOl.VED rURTHtK lliai im.o ^K— -" ' „^ ^Ireftlf wnnrt of the resolutions COITl- 

producers does hereby on behalf of ;ts-mbers authorize and d ec , -POj^^'g^^^^^J^.^ .jdress will 
dealers who purchase our or any of our milk to retain '^^"^ V '' • , , , • . January issue. A 
whicli shall become thereby due to us as vendors to such deale s. ^ncu d " jbe an ^y^^^^ ^^^^ 
cent on each hundred pounds of milk acquired by then, during e J o tjic resol^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ,,^, 
settlement period, and at the end of each such Py'^d to P^y^/J, 1 appear on page 12 of this 

as cattle owners will continue to test on a vuiuina y nrlawire wpirine Banquet 

We also respectfully -q^uest that the Le^^isU^^^^ purchasing Dairy Products for Relief Purposes L banquet on Tuesday evening 

We urge that the purchase of dairy products by the Federal U a an enjoyable occasion 1 otal 

^^ "'^f '""/". 7^,. u„„pedv be concinued, in sufficient quanti tendance was just short of 70U 

fo^r' t": ;o;^'Cll°cVo^%ret\-ssential foods to the food ration^ ^ every one appeared to enjoy 

relief purposes and to afford the dairy industry its percentage ol .nc» 

from the expenditure of relief funds. j, 

Wmkhe.s experience has show., that the u of rn^lk i cart 

Maryland New Jersey and Pennsylvania cooperate in this campaign 
of bovme disease eradication so that milk producers m this milk shed 
mav test their herds under Federal and State supervision and receive 
"demn ty for condemned animals, and that cooperative State and 
FedeTri plans be developed to pay indemnity on cows affected with 

"""' We further request that the amount of Federal and State indemnity 
paid per animal be changed from time to time as the commercial value 
of such animals changes. 

Impartial Inspections and Sane Regulations 

Whereas the inspection of milk has been taken out of tne hands of 
an impartial outside agency, the Quality Control Departmen of he 
Philadelphia Inter-State Dairy Council, and placed m the l-n^^ °f '- 
Milk Dealers, with the result that their will be as many Insp.-ctors and 

Reffulations as Dealers. „ ■ • j i »! 

^ And Whereas these Inspections and Regulations are used by the 
Milk Dealers as a means of competition and sales talk, t'-reby bringing 
the cost of production out of proportion for prices received thus dek-ating 
Jhe purpose of the minimum price as fixed by the various Control Boards 
in the Philadelphia Milk Shed. 

And Whereas sufficient evidence exists that the consumer is in no 
position under present economic conditions to pay a higlier price fo 
fluid mHk and if forced to do so. would resort to condensed and evaporated 
milk and thus impair our fluid milk market. 

And Whereas regulations will be used by Milk '''^^'\'^!.,f .V , 
over the heads of their Competitors whereby the competing Milk Dealer 
will retaliate with a bigger club in the form of a higher regulation thus 

Whereas experience nas snuw i i..a. ...- — .,• ■■■■ .„ ....i. ^ r i tr- IJ 

drastically by relief families when changed from milk orders to raj Report of the Field 
cash relief we specifically urge that milk be distributed to rehef faj t«. n.^. I^f.r.< 
by means of milk orders according to the specific needs of each 
receiving such relief 

Exemption for Milk Truckers 

V\\v Most Convriiu 111, Saiiilary 
and EroiiiHiiical Mt ihcul of 

Wiping Cows Udders 

Sol I. linll'- 
IV -I 

and lii}:lil> ah-oilxnl. 
\\\„i.i TiiV.el- h«v«' nroved ino>l useful 
for w i'l'^f^ rows' ud.lers.They are very slroug 

aparl easily in tise. 

M»M<M- Towels al.o a..- hijihlv l.ygienie 
^,„., ,,,.,„ Keep a suppl.v »'a"dy when 
^oun.ilk. lntl.ekileheM,al.o,lherearea 
thousand and .m.M-^ for Nibroes. 


Wel'Stren^th Towels 

madv from SOLK A 

nZ,' ,n„rk.'l ni.h tlu- Snthn are ninny, 
l/„. hi»ti>J thitrkiml. 

Manufa(liir<<l by 

/ A l-r tliii ."■ 

ihr I'ntilui '« >" 

P tl^'u'M VM FACrn RERS TO., Inc., S.h . VHW S.... I'hila- Pa. 

Maryland farmers who signed 
contracts to reduce their produc- 
tion of wheat will receive approxi- 
mately $231,000 as their second 
benefit payment, according to an 
estimate by the Agricultural Ad- 
justment Administration. Recent- 
ly it was announced that the 
second payment would be increased 
to nine cents a bushe instead ot 
eight cents, as originally planned 
A first benefit payment of 20 cents 
a bushel, or a total of approximate- 
ly $360,000 for the state, has al- 
ready been made. 


When you answer advertise- 
ments or buy products advertised 
in these columns mention the Milk 
Producers" Review. 

Bashful youth (just introduced 
at social event): "You are from the 
West. 1 understand. 

Maid. "Yes. from Indiana. Hoos- 

ier girl. ., . . i i \ 

Young man (flushing deeply). 

•Why. er. really 1 don t know! 

That is. I have not quite decided 


A good clipping machine 
for cows, horses, mules 

Test Dept. Inter-State 
Milk Producers' Ass'n 

The following statistics show the 
"P«'«tions of all the Inter Stalf Milk 

..J,, ffoducers' Association fieiilnicn in 

Ki • IT I • r- A ;»^l..^o<i In ir«» nrJvisionH "anection with tcstini?. weiRhmij an-l 

Whereas the National 1 rucking Code includes in its P^J^^is ^^ ^^^ membership work for the 

vehicles for hire which would cover all transportation used '" t'^'^*-'' "wih of October. I9H: 

of milk from the producer to the primary market, and ^'^ i*^""^^' ,,, . , 

:!an";ttrtation of rJ^ilk is not competitive within itself - wit ar^y ' fc «> Te- Made 

type of transportation and. Whereas such inclusion in the^JJcjUon Members 

would decrease the net amount returned to milk prodiicers tor 1^,1,,^ ,^p^^^^^^^^,^, (^.^,,^ 

product and would add to the distress of an overourdened indusuv ife^^^^ 

would tend to reduce or destroy any gains to producers obtained J-^^^^^ C alls ^^^ 

the Milk Control Boards and the Agricultural Adjustment A^mim ^ ^.^m^^r, M«ne<i ^^^^ 

tion Therefore be it resolved that we advocate the elimination oiT,,„,f„^ „, j^^^j^^^j^^^ lo 

transportation from the provisions of the National 1 rucking ^"^ Jt^r 1-''' "5J 

\Z recognition of an exemption of any . transportation c^sed^^^^ .>«^ 

under contract with a cooperative association for the transpo 

of the product of its members. 



--'>>'' mi i« II l(~' ■ , , . . . 

."mdance at Me^tinRS ^•'*" 

Report of the Quality 
Control Department 
Philadelphia Inter- 
State Dairy Council 

Ihe followini? IS a r.-porl of lli. work 
tionf bv the Quality Contro IVp .rt 
mcnt of the Dairy Counnl lo> the 
month of October I ;) 14: 
No Ins|>ections Made ""' 

.Spe. 1 il 1 arm Visil.s ■*■* 

No .ScHiment 1 ests ' ' ' 

H,.ct.-r. . rests Ma,le 27<«, 

No Meclm.s ,^j^ 

AllcnHan^e ,,- Work ' 

No Miles rr,.vdetl ^l.<'^t' 

Dunn.' the MV.nll. I'» <l > w.-r<- 
,|,scontin.ied from selling lor| t • 
comply will, the leijul.tions .4 cl ,ir 
,cs were ri- mst .le.l before the month 

was up 

To dale 2'M).ni larm in.pi-.l'on^ 

have been ni ide 

A Warm Doughnut 

It was little Tommy's turn to 
read aloud in class. He gulped a 
few times and then read: 

"This is a warm doughnut 

tramp on it. , 

The teacher was puzzled. j=»he 

went to Tommys side, peered at 

his book and asked: 

"Where do you see that> 
Tommy F>ointed at words which 

actuallv read: 

"This is a worm. Do not tramp 

on it." 

September, 1934, Prices 
Received by Producers 

3.5% Milk, f. o. b. Market (x) 

, 1,„ lowt. right now lor morr r 
rlV-.n iinlk. bettor nulk 11 in'! 
1:^T .chine. $12 SU Sl.w.,.l 
,Moiur in«idc tlje h^'";*''/ ''•■. 
, ,«v to-il«r 20 It corrt and 
OnK »n At your <l<:ilcr»or 

,iv..l Send l..r I roe Stewart 
Lit, .log ol chpi'inu .ind 
„\.„..r.hine. M.«^•andK..j>r- 
"l ,7, 1 n 5649 Kousevelt Rd . 

(■i„...B". in ♦' I'""" »'■>*'"« 

Ouil/iM frtxl' i" 




WMh Ontv»t»»l ••«•' 


Write f.r Our Price. 

MORRIS SOLOMON » ^°j^?J!'m) 
S3S St , N V. C. (Optn All N nht) 

C ity 
Nt-w S'ork (itv 
Pfori I 
.S in I )ifi;<» 

It nil 

Nel Price 

$1 40 
I 02 

I m 

I 9S 
I H6 
I «»i 

1 78 

2 70 

iVtsii Price 
$2 44S 
2 0tt 

2 il 

2 «> 

2 28 

I 66 

,St P.uil Mmneipo is It/ 

Dululh .Superior I 2'i 

(^^ 1 xccpl New >ork (niol.lions apply 

t, 201 mile zone. Boston to 181 mile zone 

Eyes - - Front ! 

TIk- January issue 
t>f the 

MilU Producers' 

Will c.irrv an annoumemcnt 
of unusual impt>rtance (o 

Readers and 

Watch For It! 








The Dairy Market 

THE LOCAL DAIRY situation is 
expected to hold steady for 
several months. Supply aiid ^aC- 
mand seem to be in fair balance for 
this season of the year and unless 
either production costs or consumer 
purchasing power show a decided 
change from the present levels no 
major price change is probable. 

The market has tightened up 
sufficiently to draw on the mid- 
west for more of its cream require- 
ments than was true in September 
or October. As a result the Penn- 
sylvania Milk Control Board is 
opening up the question of cream 
prices in the Philadelphia area and 
milk prices for candy in the entire 
state. This was discussed at a 
hearing on December 7. after this 
writing. It will be recalled that 
prices of Class II (fluid cream) and 
Class HB (milk for ice cream) were 
reduced for this area on October I . 
the reduction being passed back to 

Production has been well main- 
tained in the Philadelphia area 
with an increase in consumption 
also reported. One disturbing 
factor is the effect of cash relief on 
milk sales. Cash replaced mi k 
orders starting with November 12 
and a decrease in consumption has 
already been noted although it is 
evident the full effect has not be^n 
felt as yet. 

Production per cow is holding 
up very well over the entire north- 
eastern part of the country. This 
factor for the country as a whole 
is slightly higher than a year ago. 
The number of milk cows is being 
reduced gradually, government 
economists estimating that this will 
be 4 to 3 percent less by the end 
of winter as compared to a year 

The same source of information 
forecasts a reasonably well con- 
trolled production until the spring 
of 1936. This seems optimistic as 
there is an enormous "capacity to 
produce" in the dairy industry 
which is not being utilized, which 
merely awaits a favorable balance 
between feed and dairy prices. 

Possibly other factors will help 
prevent those two price factors 
from exerting their full effect before 
that time. 

Butter and cheese production 
were both higher in October than 
a year ago. butter by 0.3 percent 
and cheese by 14.6 percent the 
latter caused by a curtailed produc- 
tion in 1933 when a milk strike 
closed many factories. The butter 
storage supply of III million 
pounds is slightly above average 
but well below a year ago. Cheese 
storage stocks were the largest on 
record for November I. Slightly 
less evaporated milk was in stor- 
age on November 1 than a year 
ago and the milk equivalent of all 
dairy products in storage was 12.7 
percent under November I, 1933. 

Movement of all manufactured 
dairy products into consumption 
channels was 4 percent greater in 
October than a year ago with 
butter 0.2 percent higher, cheese 
25.7 percent higher and evaporated 
milk 10.6 percent higher. The 
improvement of the first 10 months 
of 1934 was also 4 percent over 
1933. each product showing an 
increase of between 3.4 percent 
and 6.4 percent. 

Butter prices showed marked 
improvement in November and 
are holding the gain into December. 
The New York price of 92 score 
butter averaged 29.38 cents in 
November. Cheese prices in No- 
vember were also slightly better 
than a year ago while evaporated 
and condensed milk prices were 
slightly lower. 

Wisconsin Prices 

Wisconsin dairymen received a 
slight increase in average milk 
price in October, $1.11 per hundred 
pounds, as compared to September, 
$1.10. This was 6 cents higher than 
a year ago. The cheese market 
paid $.99. the butter market $1.09. 
condensaries paid $1.18 and the 
fluid market paid $1.46 per hun- 
dred. Buttcrfat brought 27 cents 
a pound. Production per cow was 

November Prices at Principal Markets 

From National Cooperative Milk Producers' Federation 


Prices f.o.b. City. 3.3% Test I Butter- Retail 
- ' fat Diff- price 

Class I Class II Class III erential "B" milk 




sNew York (2<Ji •»''« ^nO 



Washington, D. C . . . . 



pBoston (191 mile zone) 
pChicagO (70 mile zone). . . . 

pSt. Louis 

pSt. Paul-Minneapolis.. 



Wheeling ' 

fLos Angeles | 




X 1.78 































X 1.03a 

> A 

I. 43a 
I. 14a 
























Don't Let Your Milk Freeze 


Lr Year's Work 

of the coi 
Freezing ( 

A number of factors enter into the matter 
weighing, sampling and handling of frozen milk, 
has a detrimental etfect on me vuiu.i.e w. ...... ^^. 

\. Producers Lose in Weight and Test 

Aside from the frozen milk and cream particles that a 
to milk cans and lids, and become lost, there is an appreciablt, 
from the icy slush that remains in the weighing vats I h« 
slush increases and decreases in the weigh vat in accord 

dance I 

slush increases and decreases in the weign vai ..i ac^^.wa... 
the temperature of the milk and makes accurate weighing impi 

It is also a well recognized fact that it is impossible to get 
accurate sample of frozen milk for a butterfat test. A survey , 
by the Field and Test Department of the Inter-State Milk 
ducers' Association on a number of dairies showed that an av 
test of 4 per cent on days when milk was not frozen, was re , 
to 3 4 per cent for the same samples when the milk was al( 
to freeze It is evident therefore, that a true sample of milk 
not be obtained unless the frozen milk be completely thawed b( 
samples for butterfat tests are taken. 


I , iob to Strengthen our or- 
'"" ' ;n every manner pos- 
Cmust include among our 

ijf/a substantial majority of 
P \,,^lvine our market. 
Lers supply'"^ °_ „rtortivr 
„,t build a III"'- -•-- ( 

■" ^^in2 by the members of 
't" p^obfems. We must 
S Sur bargaining powers 
tuibuors and we must 


lUe Association's Value 

events of the past year have 
uHna better realization of 
rj" sand usefulness of our 
jwundnessan ^^^^ ^,^^ 

"r;"o • our fellow members 
Iring the past year, were 
lln ng the management and 
£ of the association, were 

Buyers Lose in Handling Frozen Milk ^ d.. l--'^^ ^^'^tmC 

A considerable loss of time results in the handling of Ira „p„ed «'"^*", '"'l^onstrated 
milk Weighing is greatly slowed down because of the reteni ,^ conclusively acm 
of frozen icy slush in the weigh tank Frequent readjustm, t this was the case^ ^^^^ 

of the weigh scales are necessary and at that it is difficiJ, bee last September M.^^^^.^^^ 
obtain true weights. tndmg 'Our , „„^rv oart 

Freezing also exerts a detrimental effect on the appcarana j, ^eck throughout 
the milk, which may lead to losses such as decreased con5ii^„jer-State territory 

t Thev see in it the possibility 

""'" -"Z ZTXTr'CoZt ovc, 
•""""rr'TlLs adding lo 

Ihc possibility o, "-/-■-•■,- ,|,e 
cu.ion ana olhc, P an o^ 

'""Jt ::oTra"vc.,''orolr coLuv 


in the future. 


3. Consumers Lose in Quality of Milk 

Milk that has once been frozen never recovers its orip 
quality Particles of the milk curd become changed in charai 
after freezing. Some of these particles separate and Irequetl 
adhere to the milk bottles, conveying the impression to the 
sumer that the milk has been tampered with. 

Where is Milk Most Likely to Become Frozen? 
Evident y at the Farm 

The proof is evident. Some dairies never have f'4'>''"'"« T oduc'rs Uving in 
milk, no matter how cold the weather may be, while other dair „vmce other P^^^uc ^^^^ 

with their milk hauled just as far on the same trip of the m; „temtory that wc ca ^^ ^^^^^ 
truck almost always have frozen milk when the outdoor tcmp« ,d that they •^"'^ '^^,' together 
ture gets well below the freezing point. Ithall producers worKing s^^ ^^^^ 

keep your milk from freezing 

It will save you money. r- ^ . r^ r^ 

F. M. Twining. Director 

Field and Test Departiro 

Opportunity for Locals 

There is a great opportunity for 

loca units in developing a 

our local unii» ^^^^.^ ^^^ 

cooperative spmt ^^^^^^^^ 

communities. We leUtn ^^^ ^^^ 

Z:t^^^<^ '-S ana 
^''!*' U .t this time to thank the 

eration m ■n™""«,''ms ll.a have 
"• ""■ ^""Mor tr assocafon 

,18 president. j ^j^^.^.. 

I ^^ convinced inai m*- 

IZXcrT^oiUin. .o,e.l.c, .o;s are X',';-^:°;,:":;'^^'£ 
.,.„ keep tins market one o( e es s <»:""°"» "^^X 

„be„ ,n the counts ana-.rc ^'^aed^^n^^pohctes^ tdlltdS' 

,„„aze but" to git' (acts and 

1 .™ This 1 consider, is a 

^Sy sign The members 

' to fhis association or 

I u;„ Thev consider it tnc 

r£t.vel:^ agency or 

po( the dairy industry in the 

, adelph.a Milk Shed. 

Ma must eo farther than jusi 
*^ must go . ^^ 

t-J Alknr P.rAlinC 
. . . . AlIU UlllW UlUUjIO 

;;:i:::j;;:r:;i:;:^-c-.'''-^'>'"-'-'"'^ - 

1. What is Milk 

2 Milk Through the Microscope 

3 S InslratL of Bacteria Counting 

4. bemonstration of Sediment Testing 

5. Methods of Producing Quality M.Ik 

I .1„wW.Il(1 to present aii.v ol ihc- 

A haacriologist may l.c -'-*"' „ ,,,, vocational 

school. Als.» for your Inter Male 
l.^,,„,,.,s Club or other group. 

Specify topic Jcsired in u'ritinff to 

The Philadelphia Dairy Council 

219 North Broad Street, Philadelphia 

13.09 pounds daily on November I 
which is 7.6 jjercent more than a 
year earlier while the number of 
cows was nearly 3 percent less, 
leaving a production per farm 
about 2 percent over a year ago. 

October milk was produced large- 
ly on good pasture but with high 
feed prices a marked reduction is 
expected during the winter. One 
hundred pounds of milk would buy 
69 pounds of dairy rations in 
October compared to 104 pounds 
in October. 1933. and 107 pounds 
average for the year of 1933. 



..';^;b;;t prices for theuinilk 
.t economic and con^petU.v^^ 
mditions can permit, v. ^ 
.veour association "'^^y/^^.^'Ti 
.c,o.... ft,, even before state «[ ^'--^^J;;: 
.SrmH.„..u.s,.iri.,s. ..fPureb,«ic mtrol may be complete > 

■ immlrlaughteti u 

For Sale Heifers.... 

water Phamub. Price $40 up. 
Also Dcveral excellent bull c«lv6 


Pleasant Plains Farm Annap 



lo-Op Movement Gains 

The cooperative "lovement ^ 
^coming more and more w .d ^ 
ipread ,n every branch of agr cul- 
ture. This is true m all parts o the 

country. It indicates that our la m 
people are realizing the- importance 
7working together in the buying 
and selling of their farm Products 
land that the closer they work to- 

92 -Score Solid Pack 

9 Under State Control Board supervision; f Under A. A. A. milk marketing license 
Applies at local delivery points: a Additional price classifications which are not 
ncluded in this tabulation. 




















Oct . 1914 

Nov.. vm 



10 'i 



10' 2 

29 >4 







10 3H 
27 91 
24 4 

Nrw Y( 




29 'i 





28 'i 

291 2 
291 2 
29 18 
26 91 
2) 6 

2n' I 

281 2 












29'. 2 

291 4 




29' 2 



28 '4 



24 91 

22 61 

That is what every piece ol 
good printing is AN IDEA 

If you would be interested in a J* 
printer's idea about koo*' P""'" 
we are at your disposal at any t"" 

Call, write or phone 
We»t Chester No. 1 

Horace F. Tei 



gather the better their conditions 
will become, individually and col- 
lectively. , I „<.r 
The farm woman has a bigger 
part in this great cooperative move- 
ment than most of our farmers 
realize or are willing to acknow^ 
kdge. She IS definitely 'ntereste-d 
m the farm income, and. whatever 
the product from the farm, she 
wants to see it bring the best in- 
come possible. Much of the actual 
spending of the farm income, es- 
pecially for food and clothing >« 
done by her or at her direction and 
she wants to supply her family w.h 

the best that conditions will permit^ 

react agaiu»- -■— ^ ^j.^. 

Uut which they felt Nvere 

by all the officers. 

When answering advertisemM 
mention the Mii.K PRODLCt"^' 

Farm women are just coming into 
their own in the cooperative move- 

••Some folks uses »>'« -""^^^^i 
» mrWev spreads nis laii 

^The:^^ay« Uncle »'»'^" -ney 

L lr. e^legant impression, bu 

rhfyrntre;Tesent no real meat. 

Christian Sc^enc^Momtor. 

Grain and grain by ..roduct^^ ^ 
sometimes cheaper than nay. 
costs considered. 

Retailer Liable for Tax 
on Farm Slaughtered Hogs 

Farmers who slaughter hogs for 
re fr'o consumes no. mo„; 

'Zfw pounds ^^^';j;tZ 

durins any '""'''" ' Ii the 


direct to consumers he is lianie 
direct lu volume sold 

^Ke tax «" > °"3oo.pound exemp- 

•" ^"'1? he ells m^^^^^ 

''°"- M, during any marketing year 

tax .8 determined upon a live 
weight basis. 

. — for you 


▼ Milk Markets 

▼ Farm Inspection 
T Quality Improvement 

▼ Production Problems 


▼ Nevw Equipment 
are to be found 
regularly in the 

Milk Producers' 
Review - " 

▼ Read the ads 

They contain news, too 

::;ia'::^os:'^ie f^r i. .ay of 

'" •VlTw chd 1 walk>- she asked the 
^%^^ - legged.- shouted little 












Interest Develops Leaders 

Miss Mary Mims Qives Constructive Address 

UNITY OF PURi osE and unity of 
spirit make an organization a 
force irt it" community, says Miss 
Mary Mir -^dressed the 

Wednesda; session of the 

Inter-State annual meeting. Her 
talk at that session amplified and 
extended her splendid address given 
at the banquet the evening before. 
Miss Mims is Extension Rural 
Sociologist at the University of 
Louisiana and - "iter of note on 
subjects concerned with rural so- 

She especially complimented 
your association for its splendid 
meeting and the obvious coopera- 
tion of its more than 20.000 mem- 

Understanding Needed 

An understanding by the mem- 
bers in each community is needed 
in order to build a strong organiza- 
tion, according to Miss Mims. who 
states, "The first essential is a fine 
program of work. Men and women, 
let me say this to you, when you 
build your program of work, build 
it not just from the economic side. 
We must make a study of the 
community from aneconomicstand- 
point. But the economic life is 
not the only thing. Just as truly 
as we build our program of work 
only from an economic 8tandf>oint 
we are going to grow a citizenship 
that is unsteady. The certainty of 
citizens is built on character and 
nothing else." 

Miss Mims dealt at great length 
on this necessity for a balanced 
program, urging, "In your study 
and in working out a program for 
the community, I beg of you do 
not make only economic objectives; 
that is an unbalanced program and 
our national community is begging 
today for a balanced program. 
Let's make it a balanced program; 
from the health, from the civic, 
the beautification, the fine citizen- 
ship, and from the recreational 

Vision Is Essential 

In further explaining the plan- 
ning of work, whether individual 
or community work, she says "If 
we have no vision it is just drudg- 
ery." She amplified this point by 
saying that the teacher who merely 
helps the child turn the leaves of 
books and who looks upon her task 
as drawing a monthly salary has 
no vision. "Vision with a task," 
Miss Mims says, "is the hope of a 
community. Vision with a task 
is the hope of the State and the 
hope of the Nation." 

Interest in the task is also cited 
as an essential in building leader- 
ship. Some point of interest must 
be established in order to get the 
attention of everyone whose coop- 
eration is desired. From these, 
leadership can be developed. Quot- 
ing Miss Mims. "Community lead- 
ership is born of interest . . . . 
Leadership is not born of wealth. 
It is not born of education, but 
wealth and education are means to 
more efficient leadership. I was 
asked the question, 'How can we 
get this fellow in our community 

to become interested and become 
a leader?' Find his interests. Find 
her interests. Bring them into the 
community work through their 

"Do something together at every 
meeting," urges Miss Mims, as a 
means of arousing a community 
of interest. She further suggested 
that some member lead future 
meetings in singing and get every- 
body to sing as a means of opening 
the meeting." 

Miss Minis closed with the 
statement that as we rid our com- 
munities of perversity, of bad 
health, of low citizenship standards, 
of immoral recreation then "we 
will not only grow a great com- 
munity, but help to grow a power- 
ful and strong Nation with that 
Christian brotherhood that is the 
real crown of our life. " 

Penn State Economists 
Study Farmers* Prices 

In a study of farm prices Dr. F. 
P. Weaver and D. H. Walter, of 
the department of agricultural 
economics at the Pennsylvania 
State College, have found that 
the price received by Pennsylvania 
farmers for their products is one 
of the most imp)ortant influences 
in causing changes in production, 
both in acreage and in intensity of 

Prices of 21 Pennsylvania farm 
products from 1910 to date have 
been studied. During this p)eriod 
prices have fluctuated widely, some 
more than others. 

Horse prices varied from $185 in 
1913 to $94 in 1932. Hay sold for 
$30.60 a ton in June, 1920, and for 
$16 one year later. Potatoes 
dropped from $3.90 a bushel in 
May, 1920, to 51 cents in May, 
1921. The highest price received 
for apples was $3.70 a bushel in 
June, 1920. and the lowest 46 cents 
in October, 1914. 

Prices of cereals fluctuated 
than those of apples and potatoes, 
but there have been times when 
they doubled from one year to the 
next and other times when a 12- 
month fjeriod brought a 50 per 
cent drop. During the 25 years 
included in this study there were 
some relatively wide variations in 
livestock prices, but on the whole 
these prices were more stable than 
those of crops. In only one case, 
that of wool from 1920 to 1921. 
was there as much as a 50 per cent 
drop in a single year, and in no 
instance did livestock or livestock 
products double in price within a 
12-month period. 

In dollars and cents don't count 

your wealth. 
But sum it up in good friends and 

In the little tots who call you "Dad" 
Who. when you're coming are oh. 

so glad; 
If you haven't a soul to love or care 
You are hard up tho' a millionaire. 










West Chester, Pa., and Philadelphia. 

Pa., I 


Y FEED made ri 




v: :i 

Ihall We Substitute Governn 
)r Our Dairy Cooperatives 

.Fred H. Sexauer, 

Lident, Dairymen's League 

(J^xxi^LdlJi/na^ THE HIGl 

Dav in and dav out, al llu' Larro Mill, trained 
cht'inisls working in this niodrrn, roniph'lely 
<>quipp<>d laboratory, ^uard tli«' hijili <|nality of 
Larro injirrdicnts and of finishod Larro F«'o<is. 
Samples of <«arh incoming lot t>f material are 
thoroughly examined an<l analy/.ed and the 
verdiet of these ehemists is final. If the ingre- 
dient fails in any partieular to measure up to 
the Larro standar<l i>f <|uality, it is rejeeted— 
never even unloaded — and the shipper nnist 
fin<l a new huyer. 

tions over the past decade 
,nd a half have been con- 
tive in their policies; they 
been militant in their attitude 

in their actions. Continuous 
ructive policies, continuous 
itactions seldom makefriends 
«» those who speak most often 
public. The friends of construc- 
and militant action are usually 
rtructive friends: they work in 
rvative organized ways and 
voice is seldom heard among 
rabble. Constructive and mili- 
actions create many enemies 
these enemies use many meth- 
■ to oppose and destroy. 
There is no place in a cooper- 
ve marketing organization tor 
[-leeking leadership. When no 
ice is provided for self-seekers in 
constructive movement, other 
tlets for their energies must be 
ind and a rostrum from which 
fycan voice their views provid- 
. In protecting the interest of 
iry farmers, cooperative organi- 
tions arouse the enmity and dis- 
ust of some of those from whom 
ty are endeavoring to force a 
jnition of the needs of the 
mbership. Much of the unin- 
med public are led astray by the 
If-seeking leaders outside of these 
operative organizations arid the 
If-interest of the opposition of 
itributors. There are those who 
mid like to see no organization of 
rmers, cooperative or otherwise, 
10 would eliminate big selling 
operatives of every character. 
fhen these are lined up with other 
tncies that see an opportunity 
-rnake capital from their opposi- 
irn, we begin to discover the 
malty that cooperative ori^ani- 
tions must pay for the militant 
titude of con.structive organi- 

•mmunistic Activity 

Jhe agricultural branch of the 
•munist party started their op- 
"^ons right down here in your 
i!l>borhood. In an investigation 
*h was made of the Radical 

#iSemi-Radical Farm Groups in 
The LarroMe Milling; Co., I)<'pl. <> Ihl roll. Mirhipa" pUnited States and how they 

■'operating, this statement ap- 

Samples of finish«*d Larro Fee«ls — taken « 
regular intervals throughout the <lay — are als^ 
examined and analy/.ed with equal eare, as a 
extra preeaution against the possihility t>f varii 
tion in the <piality <»f any Larro produ<'t. 






the past seven years. Henry Puro ■« in 
charce of the Agrarian work 

At this point 1 Wish to quote 
from an article by Henry Puro m 
a recent issue of a magazine called 
'The Communist." 

•In Eastern Pc-nnnylvania we have 
made systematic progress m this work. 
Farmers have distributed free milk to un- 
empToy^ families In the preparation o 

U.e Philadelphia milk «»"»'«= ,"'"'^7-/'^ 
organizational measures have been taker^ 
n order to prepare for joint action against 
he exolo.ters This unity between the 
trke^rTand the farmers has been develo,. 
ed to quite an extent, but it has to l>c 
developed much more ■ . 

•There has l^^n considerable hesUancy 
and Lie resistance in building the Party. 
:, foTmstance. m Eastern ^--y'--- 
one of the most strategic '^«="'';" ^ /^ 
mass work among the f*""""^" . '^''•^'!;„'^^ 
Systematic and consistent work, we have 

drawn over a thousarjd 7«»"'f^^ j'*""^" 
very close to the leadership of the Party^ 
The farmers wUh few exceptions d.dnt 
know that the Party was actually lead ng 
these organizations and their struggles^ 
There has been systematic resistance to 
building of the Party up until now. and 
he Tending ,>eople in t'-se organizations 
have not lM,-en drawn into the Party, al 
though they have been very close to the 
Party, and even wilhng to accept its 
leadership " 

is is just on«' of many reastuis why Larro 
Dairy Feed and all other Larro pnxluets ar«' .m) 
Hafe, so thoroughly tlepeudahh 
sanu' — <'lean, hIioI 

-always the 

• I » 

, lesonu*. iK'alth-huihlin^ and 

profilahh' for ytm. Ordt'r a sup|>ly from your 
Larro <lealer today. <>ive it a thorough triul. 
You'll find that the extra e«»st <if Larro o^vr 
eh<*ap fee<l Is a snumi intt'sl im'iil that pays yoii 
ba(*k real (llvi<lends. 

If rilr for a nifty af ihv l^trrit lUniliU't — Thv X. It. i'.. of 
lli'itllh. I'riHiiiflinn itiiil I'rnjil. It's (n-v In )l<iiryini'ii ill 
lAtrm Ivrrilitry (Mifliiu'i" itinl all shilfs i-iisl ami >i>iilli tif 
Toh'dit, iHiin). 

the better the feed . 

fer your pi 

"ommunist F'arty of the United 

■|^ through its Central Committee. 

fl*eming body, has carried on agita- 

*i>ng the farmers and dairymen for 

"Activities Just Beginning" 

The same agricultural branch of 
the Communist Party sometime 
aao put out some discussion ma- 
terial for united front work in 
dairy cooperatives. 1 wish to read 
vou one clause from that pamphlet. 
^ -In general, we do not aim to smash, 
but to fight for the leadership of .^ 
c^I^ratives m order to utilize tlu-m 
a^mst the class in .nt 
:t'ruSe It IS ,K,ssible to do this by 
car vmg on constant work in the oc. s 
and over the- leadership of loc ds 
rlvrii as the le.dersh.o of small cooper 

atives through the country 

-Our activities in conn ct. on with 

c<K>perallves are just be^innm ; Mu-y 

nZ be intensified greatly dur.n, the 

" period if our strength is to become 

hirdomin.fng .nHuence -jm""^ »'"<;. 

farmers m the gre .t struggles that ar. 

coming. - 

1 could tell you many stories of 
the milk strike in the New York 
Milk Shed, of the activities of 
communists, many of which can 
be traced back to this group down 
in the Pennsylvania area Uur 
experiences were exceedingly inter- 
esting sometimes harrowing and 
sometimes almost hair-raising, bu 
vou know that story as well as I 
do because you experienced many 
of the same things in this territory. 
Fvery cooperative organization, 
including your own. faces many 

problems. The problems of the 
past were primarily those of work- 
ing for the industry against much 
opposition. For the past year not 
only have cooperative organizations 
faced the problems of working for 
our membership and for the in- 
dustry. They have also faced . . . 
new forces which have arisen in 
the country and within the govern- 
ment. These new forces have said 
that the old tried and true collec- 
tive agencies should be discarded 
and something new and untried 
substituted in their place. It has 
not been an easy task to conserve 
to the membership the structure 
and machinery for which they sacri- 
ficed over the last twenty years. 

"The Cooperative Spirit" 

We have many problems for 
today and tomorrow. Through 
rallying the loyalty and support 
of the membership, we must obtain 
and retain recognition of organiza- 
tion among farmers during this 
period of government regulation 
and government control. (No 

government control or regulation 
will endure unless supported by a 
majority of the people Therefore 
government action and government 
control must be sound, and such 
sound regulation and such sound 
control can only be developed it 
the years of experience which the 
producers have acquired through 
their organization are utilized. 

Another problem which we will 
face for tomorrow is the strengthen- 
ing of farm organizations. We 
must strengthen them sufficiently 
so that government control of the 
industry does not become a tootball 
in the game of party politics. Many 
people think that cooperative or- 
ganizations have fulfilled their use- 
fulness and will pass out of the 
picture. riK-v do not realize that 
groups acting together over periods 
of years are not dissolved in a day. 
are not eliminated in a week, are 
not destroyed in a year or a de- 
cade Cooperative organizations 
have survived almost two years of 
villification. of distrust, of calumny 
and of abuse, and many tirries two 
years will pass by before they are 
destroyed by any such propaganda. 
These dairy cooperative organi- 
zations have a record of service 
second to none. Ihe integrity ol 
their lead -rs has been coritinually 
questioned but almost without ex- 
ception such questioning of integ- 
rity has never been sustained in 

any way. . . 

There is a crusading spirit, an 
Indomitable will of accomphsh- 

.1. UK 

ment in coopera* 'f 

that does not ex i -n » '^*:'"^' . 
field, that does not exist in the 
commercial field. Those who wouW 
destroy cooperatives or feel that 
cooperatives can be destroyed reck- 
on without the knowledge of that 
crusading spirit. 1 know of nothmg 
that can substitute for or rival this 
crusading spirit when tied into 
group movements of people through 
cooperative enterprise 

The problems of all of our milk 
sheds are similar. The actions of 
chiselers and non-conformists in 
almost all markets are identical. 
We find the opposition of cooper- 
atives in the various markets much 
the same. Here you have the same 
type of newspaper opposition that 
we find in our territory. You have 
the same organizations with nega- 
tive programs that are found in the 
middle west. You have some of the 
same dealer opposition or Producer- 
distributor opposition that the 
people in California have to deal 
^th. The same political factors 
you face are found in almost 
every other city and every other 
state throughout the country. Per- 
haps this is a good thing Perhaps 
out of this similarity of problems 
cooperatives will jointly gain an 
experience through which they will 

be able to deal with these situations. 

Our Future Position 

What then in the future is to be 
the position of your organization, 
or our organization, or any other 
dairy cooperative o';«f"'^«^'°" .'j; 
the United States^ We might list 
a few of the things that should 
make up your position our posi- 
tion and the position of other or- 

^'^ u" We must have the soundest 
obtainable program for the particu- 
lar market in which we are. 

'nd We must have a closer 
knitting together of our member- 

^ 'Trd We must have a closer study 
of our industry and our organi- 
zation problems by that mcmber- 

^"ith There must be creation of 
greater confidence in the member- 
ship by our leaders. 

5^h There must be an under- 
standing by all that no organizat-on 

is perfect either m management or 
in membership. 

6th We must have a part in a 
sound national program »et up 
and supported by the tried and 
experienced organizations of the 
United States. 

(P!eMC turn to pag* *■' 





Dairy Council Plans 

As Ret)orted at the 
Interstate Annual Meeting 

Dairy Council is now concen- 
trating its activities on educational 
work, the function for which it was 
originally organized. This was 
brought out in the report by/-- '■ 
Cohee. executive secretary of that 
(Organization given at the Inter- 
jritate annual meeting in November. 
*. Mr. Cohee outlined how this has 
always been the major purpose of 
the Dairy Council but that for 
more than a decade, at the joint 
request of producers and distribu- 
tors, it took on the additional work 
of farm inspections. This work was 
started to insure uniform inspec- 
tions and as an aid towards elimi- 
nating a duplication of inspections 
by various dealers and health 
authorities of different municipali- 
ties and at the same time assure 
that the milk supply would be of 
high quality. This work was 
started in 1924 according to plans 
outlined by a committee of farmers 
and dealers. In 1929 legislation 
was enacted setting standards after 
which inspections were made ac- 
cording to those standards. 

Recent developments were ex- 
plained regarding a law passed in 
Harrisburg in 1929, requiring that 
dairies be inspected by inspectors 
only as licensed by the state. Last 
winter this law was amended at 
the special session of legislature to 
read that inspection must be made 
at the sole expense of the applicant 
for the f>ermit. Although the pur- 
pose of the amendment was to 
prevent unscrupulous individuals 
from making charges at the farm 
for an inspection, however, since 
the recent change in personnel of 
the milk department at Harris- 
burg. the interpretation upon this 
amendment has been that the 
Dairy Council could not make in- 
spections. This interpretation has 
resulted from a feeling of some 
farmers that an agency other than 
the Dairy Council should do this 
work. This has now taken place, 
with the result that inspections are 
at present solely in the hands of 
the dealers. 

Neutral Inspection Needed 

In commenting on this situation, 
Mr. Cohee pointed out the advan- 
tages to the whole industry of 
having dairy farm inspection under 
supervision of some impartial neu- 
tral body, but emphatically re- 
stated a desire that this burden be 
no longer placed on the Dairy 
Council. He expressed his belief 
that the best results were to be 
obtained through putting inspec- 
tion work in the hands of the State 
itself — provided an agency would 
or could be set up which would be 
entirely free of politics. 

Much of Mr. Cohee's talk de- 
scribed briefly the educational work 
of the Dairy Council. Highlights 
of this work show that nearly 
1000 public schools with 490,000 

children were reached and about 
half that number of industrial 
and commercial employes were 

These schools depend upon the 
Dairy Council for one or two, some- 
times more, meetings each year. 
Each talk before the school child- 
ren averages at least 20 minutes 
and in addition valuable study 
outlines which describe dairy farm- 
ing, milk and health were supplied 
to the teachers for use in class- 
rooms. The Council distributed 
230,000 pieces of literature to 968 
public schools last year and in 
addition supplied 51,000 pieces of 
literature to public school nurses 
who made contacts with 280,490 

it was brought out that, as 
contrasted to newspaper adver- 
tising, every effort made in this 
direction is brought definitely to 
the attention of every individual 
contacted; that there is no side 
stepping or evading the message 

Educational Contacts 

Added to the work in public 
schools 238.000 individuals were 
reached through public health cen- 
ters. Eight hospitals, 34 church 
groups. 28 settlement houses. 50 
women's clubs 6 playground 
groups, 93 parent-teacher associa- 
tions, 24 clinics and 45 miscellane- 
ous adult groups were reached 

through other Dairy Council acti- 
vities. This represented well over 

1 ir -11! -_ .»^no \Anrf tns^n 

nail a iiiuii«-"« f^^'^^-—- ; 

26,000 posters and other pieces of 
literature were distributed to soda 
fountains during the year. Litera- 
ture and posters were distributed 
to the workers at several of Phila- 
delphia's largest industrial estab- 
lishments, these plants employing 
about 165.000 workers. 

Stimulate Use of Milk 

All this literature is designed to 
stimulate the use of milk, to create 
a larger market for milk producers 
in the Philadelphia milk shed. 

Altogether, about 350 different 
pieces of literature are available 
for milk education work. Moving 
picture films supplied by the Dairy 
Council were shown at theatres 
last year at which 417.000 persons 
paid admission. 

Displays of posters were shown 
at the meeting as typical of the 
variety of literature used. Each 
age group in school and each differ- 
ent type outside of school requires 
a different type of literature. 

The Dairy Council considers 
educational work its real function 
and in closing Mr. Cohee stated 
that the Council will from now on 
concentrate its efforts upon educat- 
ing consumers to buy more milk. 

Those who are interested in how 
the educational program of the 
Dairy Council is being carried out 
may secure an illustrated copy of 
the past year's annual report by 
addressing their request to the 
Dairy Council, 219 North Broad 
St., Philadelphia. 


ing solution, thus eliminatL 
chance of contamination ajJ 
having a preservative effect] 

4. When removing fronl 
and taking to barn for ui 
should be taken that the 
not come in contact with tk 
or litter, two seconds of can 
in this instance might easily 
all that has been accomplii 
hours of care. 

5. The milker should bti 
pletely taken apart every (e«| 
the lines thoroughly inspect 
any foreign material that haij 
mulated entirely removed. 

Watch Udder Health 

Another very important 
connection with the use oi| 
milking machine is to be suti 
the milk from each cow is 
before putting the teat cui 
This can be done easily by 
out a little of the first mill; 
each quarter, preferably th 
very fine sieve or dark cloth 
simple practice, if followed 
each milking, not only eli 
any bad milk getting into the 
but, possibly of more impo 
prevents the spread of any 
trouble from one cow to an 
such as can take place easilv 
teat cup is used on a di 
quarter and then placed oni 
fectly well cow 

As with all kinds of d 
prevention is far easier and 
expensive than the cure a( 
fcction. Give the milking mi 
immediate attention after 
milking, keep a close watch on 
cow and do not put a teat cup 
diseased quarter. These pi 
tions if carefully followed by 


Producing Grade A Milk 
With a Milking Machine 

Henry D. Kimey, Inter-State Fieldman 

National Federation Meetin 


imhership Relations, 

L«apr Ormnizations Qet Attention 

icuEGATES representing 41 states 
W in attendance to hear ad- 

8 on current happenings in 
dairy and cooperative iields 
tomap a program of continued 

ty in the interests of dairy 
' rs of the nation when presi- 
''■; N p Hullof Lansing, Mich., 
ned the eighteenth annual con- 
, ,on of the National Coo,>era- 
,e Milk Producers F'cderation at 

C^.V.^UO'. was officiaUy 
f.A bv H D. Allebach, 
'^^m1 e^; B- H Welty. 
,dent; and F. P. W.ll.ts. l).r^ 
•tor Others from the association 
ko attended were severa mem- 
«o( the Field and lest Depart- 
Tnt the Kditor of the R.v.KW 

1, and Mrs. Joseph Briggs ol 
■.rdley. Mrs. Briggs bemg chair- 
the women's committee tor 
.annual meeting Dr. Hannah 
IcK Lyons of the Dairy Council, 

Mrs. F. C. Dunning. 
Meeting in the luist for the first 
. the convention attracted a 
ird attendance of ,^f'^y;"7 
,n the New York Milk Shed. 
,er 3,000 were present to greet 
delegates from three-fourths o 
,e States in the Union and l" red 
LSexauer, president of the Dairy- 
;ns League Cooperative Asso- 
ition, the host organization. 
■nTl High points in the 5 day session 
milking machine user will k«! .j^jed addresses by Marvin Jones 
bacteria count down and will n .^^^ chairman of the Agricultural 
in less returned milk. I n« 

Tlw. Mr.-sent valuj of their market- 
IhU. is:; products is $250,000,000 
per year. Twenty-one ot the 

member organizations are primarily 
interested in marketing of Hud 
milk and 10 of them operate wholly 
as manufacturing cooperatives. 

Holman's Report 

In discussing accomplishments. 
Secretary Holman listed the follow- 
ing as "most imF>ortant 

"In the tariff fight, he recalled, 
"the l-ecUration assisted and work- 
ed with other farm groups for the 
iH-nefitof the dairy farmer agains 

powerful industrial lobbies. It 
helped to secure passage ot 
Capper-Volstead cooperative 
which is now regarded as 
•cooi>eratives' bill-of-rights. 
joinid with other farm groups in 
securing the passage of the packers 
and stockyards act. 

'•'Ihe Federation secured the 
passage of a bill opposing the sale 
;,f -filled' milk, a combination ol 
cocoanut oil and skim milk mac^e 
to resemble evaporated milk. it 
assisted in drafting the cooperative 
marketing act of I <>26 at the invi- 
tation of the secretary of agricul- 
ture This act established the 
cooperative marketing division in 
the bureau of agricultural e-conom- 





ties. It was generally accepted 
that the farm family must be con- 
sidered as a unit in this work even 
though actual memlH-rsiup, lor 
business reasons, nuisl ne .c-lu.n.w 
in one name. ,, 

This whole movement may wel 
be summarized in the words ol 
Miss Vera McCrea of the Home 
Department of the Dairymen s 
I eague when she said that women 
should be urged "to think actively 
andintelligently about the League 

and to work for the highest typ.ol 

leadership and the highest quali y 
products." This same creed should 
apply with equal force m the 
Inler-State or any other soundly 
organized cooperative. 

Hull Strikes Keynote 

The oi)ening address by N. P. 
Hull, Federation President, was 
of more than usual interest, lie 
touched upon one of the major 
difficulties facing agriculture oday 
when he said, "'l here probably 
never was a time when there was 
such great lip service to agriculture 

as at present. Bankers, merchants 
manufacturers and others with 
whom 1 have conferred in recent 
months are anxious that something 
„U.nld be done for agriculture, 
bu't everyone of them wants sonie- 
one else to do It. In other words 
they want the farmer to be helped 
but under no circumstances do 
they want to make a contribution 
toward helping him. Hence, if our 
mdustry IS to be protected and our 

conditions improved we must de- 
pend upon our own initiative our 
own work and loyal support to 
bring about the accomplishments 

Turning his attention to the 
dairy industry. Mr. Hull said, it 
will be impossible to materially 
.mprove the situation of dairy 
farmers without improving the 
economic condition of the great 
body of general farmers. 

At the election of officers to the 
Federation Mr. Allebach and Mr^ 
WiUits were returned to the Board 
of Directors. Mr. A lebacH was 
also made a member of the Lxecu- 

tive Committee of the Federation. 

"Controlled Expansion" 
Marks AAA 1935 Plans 

,IK AAA ANNOUNcr:.s that there 
will be certain fundamental 

GOOD MILK with a low bacteria 
count can be produced even 
though a milking machine is used. 
The proof is that many producers 
are doing it. 

If any Inter-State members have 
had difficulty in keeping down the 
bacteria count while using a milk- 
ing machine 1 fear that the machine 
was not kept clean. Perhaps the 
user really thinks the machine is 
clean, but is it? 

The best way to keep a milker 
clean is never to let it get dirty. 

Ordinarily the milker does not 
get dirty while in use. It gets 
dirty between milkings and this 
dirt consists of the natural ingre- 
dients of milk in a decomposed 
condition. So if all traces of the 
pure clean milk in the teat cups, 
tubes and pail are immediately 
removed after each milking, there 
is no opportunity fgr it to turn into 
"dirt." By "immediately after 
milking" is meant right after the 
last cow is milked and before there 
is any chance of the milk drying 
on the surfaces of the milker parts. 

The Rules Are Simple 

The most simple and practical 
method of cleansing milkers in 
order that Grade A milk can be pro- 
duced is as follows: - 

1. Immediately after each milk- 
ing attach the milker unit to the 
vacuum line and suck cold water 
through each unit, until all the milk 
is removed. 

2. After being sure all the milk 
is out of all the tubes, use the same 
procedure with scalding water, 
the hotter the better, being sure 
to use a sufficient amount to re- 
move all traces of butterfat from 
the rubber parts. This simple 
method cleans the milker imme- 
diately, in fact it does not have an 
opportunity to get dirty. 

3. After the milker is clean, a 
simple method of sterilizing and 
keeping it clean until next milking 
time is the use of a solution rack. 
These racks can be secured from 
various chemical and supply com- 
panies at a nominal cost. By using 
these racks the teat cups are hook- 
ed up and kept filled with a steriliz- 

--- - ^ ^ ^ , "^J^ ^mmittee in the House of Repre- 

the rewards of constant and CJ ^^^^^^^^ ^^^j Arthur H. Lauter- 
attention to the milking mad '^^ ^^.^j ^j ^j^^. Q^iry section in 
he Agricultural Adjustment Ad- 

^, •• <«r o 1 ..'m. ,. nmistration. 

Shall We Substitute 

Government Control ftf lones, Lauterback Speak 

Our Dairy Cooperatives \\j jones discussed the Farm 

(Cmtimiel from page D ^edit Administration, stating that 

And last, but not least, we. ewas anxious to have the adm.n- 

have a crusading spirit. >tration given all the P"-'^- j^^^^^^^ 

Most of these things we ar. re now extended to the t eder 
have in our organizations Ma Reserve. He also stated 'je wa« ; 
these things need but to be a+vor of a more adequate and tulle 
fied, improved and extended .revision for the ^'l";^ "'^^ °^^^°; 
study of your organization.! langs disease and other diseases 
positive, will discover for you^ mong dairy herds, 
these elements. Gradually. » Secunng practical working ela- 
the membership of other orgaiJ lonships between State and . eo^ 
tions in your area really corn. |ral ^^^"[^"V'" . rbadi^s 
understand the problems oifce keynote of Mr. Lau erbach s 

industry, they will f^^" t^^^^"^ '^ ""f ? [^^^ w^^^^^^^^^ 
leadership to take more consf he speaker stated that »>^ >^«"^^^ 
tive positions on the probjie future to bring a more tbo.ough 
which arise. Fvery territory *gree of unity between he div - 
the same situation. Until thatjons of government and the coop 
there is no choice but to strengt|ra^ive associations oi Producers, 
our organizations, bring about 

'"■'We secured the passage of a bill 
to halt im,.ortation of milk and 
cream from Canada, protecting 
the dairy farmers in this country 
Tl,e federation aided in passage of 

the emergency tariff act of U^F 
which established import duties on 

a list of imported oils and fats and 
on dairy commodities. It secured 
larger appropriations for the con- 
trol of bovine tuberculosis. 

•It assisted in outlining a set ol 

,.rinciplos of the A^^'*^'''!^;^''*^;)^ 
ustment Act. joined with other 
;,rganizations in defeating moves 
to eliminate federal support for 
vocational education was acUve in 
Laving the proposed 'n-stiga on 
of the dairy industry ^'■^"f'"^^^ 
from a senate committee to he 
1-ederal Trade Commission, where 
it belonged.' 

hanges in its crop adjustment 
program for l'H3. A limited ex- 
pansion of production will be 
included for most commodities to 

brighter picture than actually exists 

in some areas where drought forced 

heavy liquidations of livestock. 

The receipts of farmers from sales 

included in the 1934 income 



whereas in some ot the 

inciuucu .V,. ... , Jroueht states these sales represent 

equalize the ef ects of the ^drought ^^^^J^^'^^^i^,^ ^^„i„g ^ff of inventor- 
which occurred * ^ 

A Visitor's Comment 

Commissioner John 1". 

ter understanding and greater' 
fidence between members and '< 
ers. and then follow through' 
program set up with the 
spirit which has dominated 
organizations over the pastqu* 
of a century. 

President .Sexauer of the Dairy- 
len's League, an organization of 

A fat man has one a 


O'JO producers in New York and 
Ijacent states, commenting on tiie- 
leCs statement and an offer ot 
'peration from Commissioner 
Jdwin of the N. Y. Milk Control 
-ird, commended dairymen with 
^carrying out of the plans offered. 
Wretary Holman in his report 
'the convention pointed out that 

1 u .u u„ l,now5«''*i'''F"'''deration is composed ot ^■> 

over his brethren he knows 1^_^^.^^^ „,^,keting dairy pro- 

his cigar ashes will tall. |,,^^ j^^ 360.000 farm families. 

1 louck, 
of Toronto, Canada representing 
the Milk Control Board ot the 
Province of Ontario, summed up 
the convention activities when he 
said- "It was worth ten times the 
cost and the time to meet these 
dairy leaders, to hear the discussion 
of pertinent subjects and to know 
the plan of activities the federation 

has for the future. In l)ringing 
j^reetings from the Dominion, 1 say 

hats off to the Cooperative ledera- 

*"0f more than usual interest and 
significance was the attention given 
to women in farm cooperatives and 
the i^lans which are under way to 
include them in cooperative activi- 

ast summer. 
The report states that "More 

than 3.000,000 of t»»^ . """°".,^ 
iarmers, in planning for F)3.,w.l 

utilize provisions of the Agricul ur- 
al Adjustment Act for controlled 
expansion of production. Using 
the cooperative procedure made 
possible by the Act it is indicated 
'that agriculture will seek to adjust 
1935 production to expected de- 
mand, replenish livestock feed 
and forage supp les severely de-- 
pleted as a result of the almost 
nation-wide drought, and maintain 
balanced production of crops ot 
which surpluses have been reduce 

"Despite the worst drought . 
history of the country. I'>34 brought 

a billion-dollar increase in the cash 
income of agriculture over U^^. 
The farm income oH3^va 

$723 000.000 more than \')iZ. With 
adjustment administration benetit 
payments included, the purchasing 
power per unit of farm commodity 
Ls about 80 per cent of pre-war 
in 1934 as compared with W) P< r 
cent in F>32. Improvement of the 
farmers' situation was indicated by 
the fact that their net income, a ter 
naying i>roduction expenses, had 
r,^ur?hasing power of no ,u. cen 

of prewar compared with )2 P^ r 
cent m V)U. Fst i mates md.cate 

that cash farm income lor 1 "t 
i, 19 per cent higher than last y^ar 

and J') per cent higher than in N32. 

"li.e l'H4 situation of farmers 

as reflected in general income data 

for the country as a whole gives a 

siaerauit o».w.e, — • -- , , 

,es of livestock which are needed 
for breeding purposes. For some 
farmers this will mean losses of 
income until foundation herds can 
be restored. This situation is com- 
pensated for to some extent, how- 
ever by the fact that many farmers 
have sold their cull livestock, and 
that their herds consequently are 
of a higher average quality tor 
foundation stock than ever before. 
••More than 3,000.000 farmers 
participated in agricultura adjust- 
ment programs during the las^ 
year as members of about 4 000 
farmer-organized county produo 
tion control associations. Ut liz ng 
the centralizing powers of the 
1-ederal Government, these farmers 
as a group have been able to direct 
their own adjustments in produc- 
tion, meet the emergency resulting 
from the drought, and guide the 
.licies under which the Agr.cul 

policies uiiu«.i .....--- - - . 

tural Adjustment Act is adminis- 
tered. " 

••Your Honor." said the attor- 
hull """ has chewed 


ney. your bull pup 
up the Bible." 

'••Make the witness kiss the 
clog '• grumbled the Judge. We 
can't adjourn to get a new Bible. 

When you answer advertise- 
ments or buy products advertised 
in these columns mention the Milk 
Producers' Review. 







Official Organ o( tKe 
Inter-Sute Milk Producer." Awiociation. Inc. 

' HE Jamiaon. Editor and BusinMH Manager 
Eliiabeth Mc. G. Graham. Editor 
Home and Community Department 

" ^ . ^'> . k4.-.LI.. I,.. >k» Intor'StatC Milk 

Producer* Aiaociation, Inc. ^ 

Businesi Offices 

Flint Buildirj,. 219 N Broad St Phila.. P.. 

235 E. Gay St.. West Chester Pa. 

(Addree. all correspondence to PJ»ladel^ phia offi ce) 

Editorial and Advertising Office 

Rint Building. 219 N. Broad St.. Ph'l«-- f*- 

Bell Phones. Locus, 5391 L<>cu.t 5392 

Keystone Phone. Race 5344 

Printed by Horace F. Temple. Inc. 
West Cheater. P«. 

50 cent* a yes" in advance 
Advertising ratts on application 

~^^Eiitend as second-class rnalter. June 3 1920. 
., th^^t office at W... Ch~..r. r-ennsylvania. 
under the Act oi March 3. W'*- 

Unfair Selling Methods 

The market is demanding good 
milk and one essential for good milk 
is that it be delivered at a reason- 
ably low temperature. 

But when any inspector or any 
salesman insists that a milk pro- 
ducer must have a mechanical milk 
cooler that person is going too far. 
There is no regulation known in 
this market which specifies how 
the milk shall be cooled just that 
it shall be cooled to a certain 
temperature upon delivery. 

Reports have been coming to 
this office that in certain sections 
extreme efforts are being made to 
induce producers to install me- 
chanical milk coolers of some kind. 
Little short of threats are used to 
force the installation of such equip- 
ment. It appears that someone 
is wanting the milk producer to 
buy so that this someone can add 
to his income. 

Such measures are not to be 
tolerated. Any inspector or any 
salesman who insists on such 
equipment is going beyond reason. 
Regardless of how good such equip- 
ment may be these persons appar- 
ently forget that there are several 
other methods of cooling milk 
properly such as. flowing cold 
water, or ice used in a good cabinet. 
The idea is to cool the milk. Arbi- 
trary demands won't cool it - 
neither will makeshift methods. 
Let the thermometer decide wheth- 
er the job has been done properly. 
And if done satisfactorily what 
matters it what kind of equipment 
was used. 

But of recent months the Review 
has gone into the mail regularly 
between the 10th and 15th of the 
month named on its cover. It so 
happens, however, that many other 
magazines are out ahead of time, 
that on the I 5th of one month the 
issu?' f^'^ •^he following month is 
obtainable. Does such a magazine 
bring you news or information that 
is any fresher or more valuable to 
you because it is dated as it is? 
We believe not. 

In fact, in our own experience 
farm magazines can be named 
which "close" at least thirty days 
ahead of the dates they carry. 
Those magazines start in the mails 
about fifteen days ahead of their