(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Massachusetts state record and year book of general information .."


4 





- 



l^ff^lIWi 



*®'>C'K/3£ 5 n S5X\ /JCn / 



11111111 



a:®&<- 



FBENOH'S 

BOOK & STATIONERY STORE, 

No. 78, WASHINGTON STREET, 

CONSTANTLY ON' HAND, 

Bibles, Hymn Books, Church Psalmody, .Chant and Music Boohs, Prayer 
Books. Illustrated "Wwlm A„n,,a]e o-T.*.^ t.„t D „;i„ =«j 







IN THE CUSTODY OH THE 

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY. 




j\ew Hampsnire Festival ; The Massachusetts State Record, ami Year Book of Gen- 
eral Information, for 1847, 48, 49, 50, and 51 ; Art of Conversing ; Floral (.ems; Zion ; 
Triad; Triune; Sonnets; Solace; Two Motios ; Ametlisst; Sunshine and Shade j 
Maxims and Sayings; The Socialite Story Teller ; The Vacation ; Lecture* to Youth 5 
Consumption Prevented }. Passion, and oilier Tales; Ti.e Dream Fulfilled ; One-Eyed 
Dick ; The Cooper's Son, or Prize of Virtue ; Foster's Book Keepi.ig, by Double and 
Single Entry ; Life without Love ; French's System of Penmanship; beauties of Writ- 
ing ; Boston Copy Book ; Ladies' Copy Book ; Elementary Copy 100k ; French's Prac- 
tical Writing Book, in three Numbers ; Boston School Writing Book, in six Numbers; 
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Wiitmg Books, with Copies on each page, &c. &c. 

O* N. B. Country Traders, Booksellers, Stationers, Teachers, Clergymen, Rail- 
roads, Banks, Insurance and other Companies, furnished, at very low prices, 

AT No. 78, WASHINGTON ST. BOSTON. 

Vza&+< — ■ —hbskS 



PETTENGILL'S 

NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING AGENCY, 

Wo. 10, STATE STREET, 

© © § it ® m ♦ 



S. M. PETTENGILL has been appointed Agent for the Country 
Newspaper Press generally, for the purpose of increasing and facili- 
tating the business of Advertising with Boston Business Men, in the 
Newspapers throughout the United States. 

ADVANTAGES TO ADVERTISERS. 

In PETTENGILL'S ADVERTISING AGENCY, much time, trouble and expense^ 
saved the Advertiser. 

Firxt, — By selecting papers of the largest circulation and best adapted to the bus : nesa 
of the Advertiser. 

Second, — The Agf nt will make out the price of the advertisement for any length of 
time before sending it, so that the advertiser will know the exact amount of his bill when 
due. 

Third,— The Agent will be responsible that it is inserted in the manner stipulated, and 
sent promptly. 

Fourth., — He will send the advertiser one copy of each paper containins the adver- 
tisement, and each paper can be seen at any lime, at his office, No. 10, State Street. 

Fifth, — The price for advertising will be the sam* as is charged to large customers at 
the offices of publication, and this will be less than is generally charged to those whose 
responsibility is unknown. 

Sixth, — r radical infoi mation respecting the value of different mediums for advertising 
will be cheerfully communicated, and assistance rendered, wiihout charge. 

Seventh, — The bill is to be settled with the Agent, and his receipts are regarded as 
payment by the publishers, and an account kept only with him. 

We the Undersigned, have appointed S. M. PETTENGILL, No. 
10, State Street, Boston, as our Agent, and he is duly authorized to 
receive and obtain advertisements and subscriptions, at the same rate as 
is required at the office of publication. 

AlJFfcED DUTCH. Editor and Proprietor of Chicago Dailv Commerc'l Advertiser. 
MQRSS & BREWSTER, Pub's of Newbury port Daily and Semi-Weekly Herald. 
S J. VARNEY, Proprietor of Lowell Dailv Journal and Cornier. 
SAMUEL BOWLES & SON, Prop's of Daily and Weekly Springfield Republican. 
BUTTERFIELD & HILL, of N. H Pauiot and Slate Gazette. 
BISHOP & TRACY, Windsor, Vermont Chronicle. 
GAMALIEL BAILEY, Wellington National Era. 
BARRETT & COBB, Miildlebury, Vi. Register. 
LEWIS JOSELYN, Edi'or and Proprieior of Lvnn Bay State. 
HENRY S. GERE, Publisher of Northampton Courier. 
YOUNG & BREWSTER, Claremont, N. H. Eagle. 
WESTON & MORRELL. Gardiner Fountain. 
EDWARD A. STANSBURY. Burlington Vt. Courier 
S B. PHINNEY, E.iitor and Proprieior of Barnstable Patriot. 
A. G. CHaDWICK, St. Johnsl.ury, Vt. Caledonian. 
C F. SWIFT, Yarmouth Register. 

RUSSELL EATON, Publisher of Augusta Maine Farmer. 
D. P THOMPSON, Editor of Moutpelier, Vt. Green Mountain Freeman. 
J W. EMERY, Eastport, Me Sentinel. 

BRADBURY. HARMON & Co. Publishers of Boston Daily and Weekly Bee. 
£ E. B. WHITING, St. Albans Messenger. 

Agent for more than Fire Hundred others. 

b;^n . — — .....■-, — -*^ko 



BUNK BOOK MANUFACTORY, 



AND AGENCY OF 



PERKINS' 

if i mi, nam uu 1 







HA3 CONSTANTLY FOR BALE 



air il®w [?tEQig!s@ 



A LARGE ASSORTMENT OT 



Honk Imitmt & Ikatft looks, 

ADAPTED TO ALL PUKPOSES. 

SUPERIOR ACCOUNT AND RECORD BOOKS, paged or not paged, manufactured 
to order, for Towns, Public Ollices, Bunks, Insurance, Railroad, and Manufacturing Cor- 
porations, Merchants and Professional Gentlemen, and warranted satisfactory. 

Every description of FINE STATIONERY, COMMERCIAL and LAW BLANKS, 
COPYING PRESSES and MATERIALS, DRAWING and PROFILE PAPERS, and all 
articles for the Office, Counting House, and Schools, -very cheap. 

O. HOLMAN is Agent for all the superior Printing Cards, and Sheet Card Stock 
manufactured at the New England Card Factory, bv E. Lainson Perkins, Proprietor. 
An extensive stock constantly on hand ; they are the best and cheapest made. 



£*£+ 



THE 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD, 

NEW ENGLAND REGISTER, 

AND 

YEAR BOOK OF GENERAL INFORMATION. 
1851. 




EDITED BY NAHUM CAPEN. 



" Posterity will demand a strict account of our conduct — the public, the government, 
all is open to discussion, to examination." — Guizot. 



VOLUME V. 



BOSTON: 

JAMES FRENCH, 78 WASHINGTON STREET. 

1851. 



v" 



vW. 



1 



IV tf 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1851, 

By Nahum Capen, 

in the Clerk's office of the District Couit of the District of Massachusetts. 



ANDOVER: JOHN D.FLAGG, 

STEREOTYPKR AXD PRINTER. 



PREFACE 



In presenting to the public the fifth volume of the " Massachusetts 
State Record," we take pleasure in making our grateful acknowledg- 
ments for the many manifestations of favor which have been extended 
by correspondents and others in behalf of the work. 

We have continued to send out our circulars of inquiry annually ; 
and although we have sought extensively the aid of others, and have 
spared no pains on our own part, still, we have not reached that 
degree of accuracy which is so desirable and important in all works 
of reference. That our volume is as accurate as other works of the 
same class, is not sufficient to satisfy us ; we wish it to be more so, — 
and our ability to insure success in this respect, will chiefly depend 
upon the cooperation of those citizens who are able to aid us by their 
constant advice. 

Our readers will perceive that the design of the work has been 
somewhat enlarged, and that we have inserted information in regard 
to the New England States ; namely, Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- 
mont, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. This new feature will be 
continued in our future volumes, and we shall regard with especial 
favor any suggestions or contributions calculated to subserve the con- 
venience of the people of these States. 

It will be perceived that we have omitted entirely the list of 
Traders in Massachusetts. We have been induced to make this 
omission for obvious reasons. In no year have our returns been 
complete. In consequence of the frequent changes which are taking 
place, caused by failures, removal, or new copartnerships, it is quite 
impossible to give a list that shall prove safe and useful throughout 
the year. 



IV PREFACE. 

By the liberality of the government of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, we are enabled to embellish the present volume 
with an engraved portrait of John Endicott, first governor of Massa- 
chusetts. Our readers will find a brief sketch of his life in the 
" State Record," volume 2, p. 38. 

We are indebted to Louis Dwight and G. J. F. Bryant, Esquires, 
for the cuts which are inserted in the chapter on Public Improve- 
ments ; and to J. B. Felt, Esq., for the fine cut of the Derby Man- 
sion, Salem. 

Our special acknowledgments are due to Hon. L. V. Bell, J. B. 
Felt, Esq., N. B. Shurtleff, M. D., Rev. Alex. Young, D. D., Benj. 
H. Currier, Esq., Kev. J. S. Clark, Ke v. Luther Bailey, T. M. Hayes, 
Esq., Joseph Shed, Esq., and Mr. G. W. Foxeraft, of Massachusetts. 
Also, to Hon. John G. Sawyer, of Maine; Messrs. Brown and Par- 
sons, of Connecticut; E. P. Walton, Jr., Esq., of Vermont; and G. 
Parker Lyon, Esq., of New Hampshire. 

All communications and corrections intended for the sixth volume 
of the " State Record" should be addressed to the Editor, Boston, 
on or before the 1st of October, 1851. 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Adams, Samuel, Gov 45 

Almshouse, Deer Island 318 

Am. Baptist Missionary Union . .222 

do. Bible Society 220 

do. Board of Foreign Missions .221 

do. Institute 168 

do. Tract Society 224 

do. Unitarian Association 219 

Amherst College 1 55 

Andover Theological Seminary. .158 

Anti-Slavery Societies 235 

Associations, Agricultural 175 

do. Baptist 219 

do. Charitable 225 

do. Educational 168 j 

do. Historical 173 1 

do. Horticultural 176 j 

do. Medical 177 ; 

do. Musical 1 73 

do. of Reform 234 ! 

do. Religious 218 j 

do Scientific 172 I 

do. Unitarian 219 j. 

do. Temperance 237 [ 

do. Universalist 220 

Athenaeum, Boston 1 72 

do. Salem 173 

Attorneys in Massachusetts Ill 

Banks in Massachusetts .... 240-254 

do. in Boston 254 

do. in Country, Mass 261 

do. Savings 266 

do. Condition of 240 

do. Dividends of 241 

Baptist Massachusetts Convention219 

Barnstable County, Officers of. . . 67 

do. Churches & Ministers. 196 

do. Commissioners of ... . 68 

do. Com'rs of Wrecks 70 

do. Coroners of 69 

do. Counsellors &Attr'nys 117 
do. Justices of the Peace" of 68 
do. Notaries of 69 i 



• 

I Page. 

Barnstable, Physicians of 183 

do- Probate Court of 67 

do. Sheriffs of 70 

Benefit Society, Boston 231 

Benevolent Society, Young Men's 231 

Berkshire County* Officers of 70 

do. Churches & Ministers of 197 
do. Commissioners of . . . 70 

do. Coroners of 73 

do. Counsellors & Attor'ys 1 17 

do. Justices of 71 

do. Notaries of 73 

do. Physicians of 183 

do. Probate Court of 70 

do. Sheriffs of 73 

Blind, Perkins Institution for the. 162 

Boston, City Officers 287 

do. Water Works 292 

do. City Property and Debt. .293 

do. Political Orators of 294 

do. Marriages and Deaths of. 296 
do. Foreign Commerce of. . . .316 

Bowdoin. James, Governor 42 

Bristol County, Officers of 74 

do. Churches and Ministers of 198 

do. Commissioners of 74 

do. Commissioners of Wrecks 77 

do. Coroners of 77 

do. Counsellors & Attr'nys of 117 

do. Justices of 74 

do. Notaries of 76 

do. Physicians of 184 

do. Probate Court of 74 

do. Sheriffs of 77 

Bryant, G. J.F 318 

British Charitable Society 232 

Business of Massachusetts 238 

Calendar 24-36 

California, business with 239 

Cambridge City, Officers of 303 

do. do- Statistics of 304 

Capital Punishment, Abol. Soc. of 235 
Census, 1850 20, 316 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Charitable Associations 252 

Charlestown, City Officers of 305 

Churches in Massachusetts 194 

Cincinnati. Massachusetts Society 231 

Clark. Joseph S., Rev iv 

Clergymen in Massachusetts 194 

do. Aged, Soc. for relief of 228 

College of Holy Cross 158 

Colonization Society 234 

Commissioners in different States 122 j 
do. resident in Mass. 127 

do. of Insolvency. . . .133 

do. Boards of in Mass 13# 

do. County. See each Co. 

do. Foreign 360 

Congress, United States 356 

Connecticut State of 347 

Consuls residing in Boston 360 

Convention, Mass. Congregational 18 
Conventions, Autumnal, Unit.. . .220 

Convention Universalist, Mass. . .220 
Convicts, Society in Aid of. ... . .235 

Coroners. See each County. 
Counsellors & Att'rys, C. Court .111 

do. in Mass Ill 

Counties. See each County. 

Court, Supreme, in Mass 56 

do. Common Pleas. Justices of 57 
do. do. do. when holden 58 

do- Municipal, Boston 58 

do. Police, Boston 59 

do. do. New Bedford 59 

do. do. Salem 59 

do. do. Lowell 59 

do. do. Lawrence 59 

do. do. Worcester 59 

do. do. Lvnn 59 

do do. Pittsfield 59 

do. Supreme., of United States, 360 
Courts, United States, in Mass. . . 56 
do. Probate. See each Co. 
do. do Officers of. See do. 

Criminal Statistics 328 

Currier, B. H iv 

Custom-House Officers 362 

Dispensary, Boston 229 

do. Salem 233 

District Attorneys 57 

Divinity School. Cambridge 146 

Dukes County, Officers of 77 

do. Churches and Ministers of 200 

do. Counsellors of 117 

do- Physicians of 1 85 

Dwight, Louis 318 

Eclipses of Sun and Moon 9 

Education in Massachusetts 142 

do. Board of 163 



Page. 

Education, Statistics of 162 

Election of State Governors 53 

Emigrants in Boston 296 

Endicott, Gov iv 

Essex County, Officers of 79 

do. Churches and Ministers of 200 

do Commissioners of "9 

do. Coroners of 83 

do. Counsellors & Attorneys of 117 

do. Justices of 80 

do. Notaries of 83 

do. Physicians of 185 

do. Probate Court of 79 

do. Sheriffs of 83 

Evangelical Miss Soc, Mass 223 

Eye and Ear Infirmary 229 

Failures in Mass. . . . ." 233 

Fatherless and Widows' Societv .232 

Felt, J B .".. iv. 

Fire, Mass. Charitable Society . . .231 

Fires in Boston 293 

Fisheries, Mass 317 

Franklin County, Officers of. ... 84 
do. Churches & Ministers of 203 

do. Commissioners 84 

do. Coroners of 86 

do. Counsellors & Att'rys of 1 1 9 

do. Justices of 85 

do. Notaries of 86 

do. Physicians of 186 

do. Probate Court of 84 

do, Sheriffs of 86 

Franklin Typographical Society. 232 

Gore, Christopher. Governor 52 

Government of Massachusetts, 1851, 1 1 
do. of United States . . .355 

Governors of Massachusetts 40 

do. list of, from 1620 53 

do. of the States 351 

Hampden County, Officers of . . . 86 
do. Churches& Ministers of 204 

do. Commissioners of 87 

do. Coroners of 89 

do. CounsePrs & Att'rys of 1 1 9 

do. Justices of 87 

do. Notaries of 88 

do. Physicians of 187 

do. Probate Court of 86 

do. Sheriffs of 89 

Hampshire County, Officers of. . . 89 
do. Churches & Ministers 206 
do. Commissioners of . . . 89 

do. Coroners of 91 

do. Counsel'rs & Att. of 119 

do. Justices of 89 

do. Notaries of 91 

do. Physicians of 188 



CONTENTS. 



TU 



Page. 

Hampshire Probate Court of 89 

do. Sheriffs of 91 

do. Towns of 38 

Hancock, John 40 

Harvard University 142 

Hospitals in Massachusetts 177 

Howard Benevolent Society 230 

Humane Society of Mass 231 

Insurance Companies in Boston .267 
do. do. out of Boston 273 

do. do. Life & Health 275 

Irish Charitable Society 232 

Irish Emigrant Society 232 

Jail, New, 325 

Judiciary, Massachusetts 56 

Justices throughout Commonw'lth 60 
Justices of the Peace. See each Co. 

Justices, Trial 59, 109 

Law School, Cambridge 146 

Lawrence Scientific School 148 

Lowell City, Officers of 299 

do. Statistics of 300 

Lyceums in Mass 170 

Lynn City of 301 

Mail arrangements in Boston . . .364 

Maine. State of 333 

Marine and other Soc's for Seam'n235 
Marshpee, Commissioner for .... 70 

Masonic Institutions 225 

Mass Bible Society 221 

Mass. Congre. Charitable Society. 228 
Mass. Soc. for Prom. Chris. Knowl.224 

Mass. Executive Council of 11 

do. Government of, 1 851 11 

do. Legislature of, 11 

do. do. Standing Committees 13 

do. Historical Sketch of 37 

do Militia of 135 

do. Population of 316 

do. Representatives of 12 

do. Senate of 11 

do. Statistics of 313 

do Valuation of 314 

Mechanics' Charitable Asso. Bost. 230 

do. Salem 233 

Medical Institutions 177 

Medical School, Boston 1 47 

Middlesex County, Officers of 91 

do. Churches &Ministers of 207 
do. Commissioners of ... . 92 

do. Coroners of 96 

do. Counsel'rs & Attorneys 1 20 

do. Towns of 37 

do. Justices of 92 

do. Notaries of 95 

do. Physicians of 188 

do. Probate Court of 91 



Page. 

Middlesex, Sheriffs of 96 

Militia of Mass 135 

Ministers at Large 217 

do. Foreign 360 

Missions, Episcopal Board of 223 

do. Home 223 

Nantucket County, Officers of . . . 96 
do. Counsellors & Att'ys of 1 2 1 

do. Physicians of 190 

do. Churches of 210 

New Bedford, City Officers of 307 

do. Orphan's Home 233 

New England Non-Resistant Soc. 234 

New Hampshire. State of 337 

Newspapers in Massachusetts 18 

Newton Theological Seminary. . . 160 

Norfolk County, Officers of 97 

do. Churches and Ministers of 21 1 

do. Commissioners of 97 

do.. Coroners of 100 

do. Counsellors & Att'ys of . . 121 

do. Justices of 98 

do. Notaries of 100 

do. Physicians of 191 

do. Probate Court of 97 

do. Sheriffs of 100 

Odd Fellows, I. O. of 227 

Officers of the Several States 351 

Orphan Asylum, Boston 232 

Pauperism, Soc. for prevention of 234 

Paupers in Massachusetts 328 

Penitent Female Refuge Society .235 
Phillips Academy, Andover . . . .160 
Physicians in Massachusetts . . . .181 

Planets and Stars 10 

Plymouth County, Officers of . . .100 
do. Churches & Ministers 212 
do. Commissioners of . . .101 
do. do. of Wrecks 103 

do. Coroners of . 103 

do. Counsellors & Att'ys of 1 2 1 

do. Justices of 101 

do. Notaries of 103 

do. Physicians of 191 

do. Probate Court of . . . .100 

do. Sheriffs of 103 

Population of Massachusetts .20.316 
do. Centre of U. S. . . .361 

Post-office in Boston 364 

Post-offices in Massachusetts . . .364 

Postage. Rate of 364 

Prison Discipline Society 235 

; Prison, Slate, Mass 322, 330 

j Prisons of Massachusetts 318 

| Probate Courts. See each County. 

j Public Administrators 318 

! Public Improvements 318 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Bail-road Corporations 279 

Railroads, Statistics of . . . .243-253 
Religious Associations in Mass. .218 

Rhode Island, State of 345 

Roxbury Oitv, Officers of 301 

do/ Statistics of 302 

Salem City, Officers of 297 

Senate of Massachusetts 11 

School Committee in Boston . . .289 

Schools, Common, Mass 162 

do. Normal 164 

do. Sabbath in Mass. 171 

School. State Reform 234 

Scots Charitable Society 232 

Sheriffs. See each County. 

Shurtleff,Dr. N.B 53 

Society for Prom. Christ. Knowl. . 224 

do. among the Indians . . . .224 

Sons of Temperance in Boston . .237 

State Government, 1851 11 

do. Prison 330 

do. Extension of 326 

Statistics of Mass 313 

Strong, Caleb, Governor 49 

Suffolk County, Officers of .... 62 
do. Ghurches and Ministers of 194 
do. Comm'rs to qualify Civil 

Officers 62 

do. Coroners of 67 

do. Counsellors and Att'rys of 1 1 3 



Page. 

Suffolk Justices of 62 

do. Notaries of 67 

do. Physicians of 181 

do. Probate Court of 62 

do. Sheriffs of 67 

Sullivan, James, Governor .... 49 
Sumner, Increase, Governor ... 48 
Tailors, Charitable Association of 233 
Temperance Societies in Mass. . .237 

Thursday Lecture 218 

Traders in Mass. See Preface. 
Towns of Massachusetts . . . 20, 37 

Treasury, State of Mass 313 

United States Government . . . .335 

Valuation of Mass, 1850 314 

Vermont, State of 341 

Whale Fishery 308 

Williams College 153 

Williston Seminary 161 

Worcester City, Officers of . . . .309 

Worcester County, Officers of . .310 

do. Churches & Ministers 214 

do. Commissioners of . . .104 

do. Coroners of 108 

do. Counsellors & Att'ysof 121 

do. Notaries of 108 

do. Justices of 104 

do. Physicians of 192 

do. Probate Court of . . .104 
do. Sheriffs of 108 



THE 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



ECLIPSES IN 1851.* 



There will be two Eclipses of the Sun, and two of the Moon, this 
year. 

I. Jan. 17, Moon eclipsed at the time of Full Moon, in the morn- 
ing in the United States, except the eastern part of Maine, where it 
will be afternoon. Invisible here, but will be seen in the oppo- 
site regions of the globe. Magnitude, 5.58 digits on the Moon's 
northern limb. 

II. Feb. 1, Sun eclipsed at the time of New Moon in the morning, 
but will be in the evening of Jan. 31, in the States and territories 
west of the Missisippi river. Invisible in America. The Sun may be 
seen, more Or less eclipsed on the southern limb, at Australia, the 
Cape of Good Hope, and the southern part of Madagascar ; and on 
the northern limb, at New Zealand. This Eclipse will be central and 
annular on the meridian in longitude 98° 22' east from Greenwich, 
and latitude 58° 23' south. 

HI. July 12, evening, and July 13, morning, Moon eclipsed, visible 
at Boston. 

D. H. M. 

Beginning, July 13, 1 6 M. ) 

Middle, " 2 37 M. I Mean Time at Boston. 

End, " 4 8 M. ) 

Magnitude of the Eclipse, = 8.5 digits. 

IV. July 28, morning, Sun eclipsed ; visible, more or less, through- 
out the U. States, with the exception of the southern part of Florida : 
on the Sun's northern limb, — partially visible at Boston. 



D. h. m. s. 
Beginning, July 28, 7 50 6M.) 

Greatest obscuration, 8 39 6 M. >-Mean Time at Boston. 
End, 9 32 M. ) 

Magnitude of the Eclipse, = 3.5 digits. 



* Taken, in part, from the Illustrated Family Almanac, published by the Tract Society, 
and from the Boston Almanac. 

2 



10 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



At Astoria, in Oregon, this Eclipse will be chiefly visible. The Sun 
will rise there at 4h. 40 m. with 7.01 digits eclipsed, and at 4h. 58 m. 
it will be 9.18 digits eclipsed. The Eclipse will end at 5 h. 49 m. 
At San Francisco, the Sun will rise at 5 h. 2 m. with an Eclipse of 
6.65 digits diminishing, which will end at 5 h. 43 m. This Eclipse 
will be more or less visible throughout Europe, and in the northern 
part of Africa. It will be central and total on the meridian in longi- 
tude 33° 43' west from Greenwich, and latitude 69° 54' north. 



RISING AND SETTING OP PLANETS AND STARS. 

The reader should understand that these are not materially 
affected by the longitude of a place : and also that when the hour is 
less than 6, it is in the morning ; and when greater than 6, it is in 
the evening. 





j 




io 


S 










ic, 


a 
o 


03 


•I 1 
1 A 


s 

o 
o 


a 
2 a 


5 


la 




1 


o 

m 

O 


11 




« 


Oi 


H.M. 


H. M. 


H.M. 


n 




s 


ffl 


H.M. 


_o 

H. M. 












H. M. 


January 14 Venus Rises 


4 41 


4 34 


4 22 


July 


5 


Venus rises 


2 52 


3 3 


3 19 


" 


24 . . 


4 23 


4 15 


4 3 




16 




3 3 


3 14 


3 31 


February 5 Saturn sets 


10 20 


10 18 


10 15 


« 


18 


Jupiter sets 


10 58 


11 


11 3 


" 


12 Venus rises 


4 13 


4 5 


3 52 


August 


2 




10 3 


10 5 


10 8 


" 


20 Jupiter rises 


9 49 


9 46 


9 41 


<■•■ 


7 


Saturn rises 


10 25 


10 30 


10 37 


" 


28 . 


9 15 


9 12 


9 8 


« 


8 


Jupiter sets 
Seven Stars r. 


9 41 


9 43 


9 47 


March 


4 . . 


8 58 


8 55 


8 50 


" 


22 


9 58 


10 9 


10 27 


" 


11 Venus rises 


4 14 


4 6 


3 54 


Sept. 


5 




9 3 


9 14 


9 32 


" 


19 . . 


4 12 


4 5 


3 54 


" 


18 




8 11 


8 13 


8 40 


" 


27 




4 8 


4 2 


3 53 


" 


25 




7 44 


7 55 


8 13 


April 


9 




3 58 


3 54 


3 48 


October 


6 


Mars rises 


11 2 


11 12 


11 29 


" 


24 




3 43 


3 41 


3 39 


a 


14 




10 50 


11 


11 17 


May 


3 




3 32 


3 32 


3 33 


" 


25 




10 32 


10 42 


10 58 




14 




3 19 


3 21 


3 25 


Nov. 


6 




10 9 


10 19 


10 34 


u 


28 




3 4 


3 9 


3 16 


" 


14 




9 51 


10 


10 15 


June 


4 




2 58 


3 4 


3 14 


« 


27 




9 17 


9 26 


9 40 


u 


14 




2 51 


2 59 


3 12 


Dec. 


6 




8 48 


8 57 


9 11 


u 


25 




2 49 


2 59 


3 14 


" 


IS 




8 1 


8 10 


8 25 



CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. 



Dominical Letter, E 

Golden Number,or Lunar Cycle, 9 
Epact, 28 



Solar Cycle, 12 

Roman Indiction, 9 

Julian Period, 6564 



SEASONS. 



Spring begins, March 

Summer " June 

Autumn " September 

Winter " December 



d. 
21st 
21st 
23d 
22d 



h. 

8 
10 
4 



m. 

1 
49 
57 M. 
33 M. 



M. 
A. 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 



11 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT OP MASSACHUSETTS. 

His Excellency George S. Boutwell, Groton, Governor. 
His Honor H. W. Cushman, Bernardston, Lieutenant-Governor. 



COUNCIL. 

Noah Gibson, New Marlboro'. 
Edgar K. Whitaker, Needham. 
Philo Leach, Bridgewater. ■ 
Johnson Gardner, Seekonk. 



Isaac Emery, Boston. 
John B. Alley, Lynn. 
George W. Dike, Stoneham. 
Isaac Davis, Worcester. 
RodolphusB. Hubbard, Sunderl'd. 

Amasa Walker, North Brookfield, Secretary of State. 

Charles B. Hall, Haverhill, Treasurer and Receiver- General 

David Wilder, Jr., Brookline, Auditor. 

Benjamin Stevens, Sergeant-at-Arms. 

SENATE. 
Henry Wilson, President. 



Suffolk. 
David Sears, Boston. 

Benjamin Seaver, . . 

John H. Wilkins, 
Geo. H Kuhn, 
Charles T. Russell, 
Charles Hubbard, Chelsea. 

Essex. 
Moses Newell, W.Newbury. 

Robert S. Daniells, Danvers. 
Edmund Kimball, Bradford. 
Frederic Robinson, Marblehead. 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., Lawrence. 

Middlesex. 
Jos. T. Buckingham, Cambridge. 



John W. Graves, 
Henry Wilson, 
J. M. Usher, 
Luke Wellington, 
John Boynton, 

Worcester. 
Alex. De Witt, Worcester. 

Edw. B. Bigelow, 
Giles H. Whitney, 
Moses Wood, 
Francis Howe, 

Hampshire. 
Wm. A. Hawley, Northamp'n. 
William Hyde, Ware. 



Lowell. 

Natick. 

Medford. 

Ashby. 

Groton. 



Grafton. 
Templeton. 
Fitchburg. 
Brookfield. 



Hampden. 
Erasmus D. Beach, Springfield. 
David Moseley, Westfield. 

Franklin, 
Whiting Griswold, Greenfield. 

Berkshire. 
Asa G. Welch, Lee. 

Richard P. Brown, Egremont. 

Norfolk. 
Edw. L. Keyes, Dedham. 

Samuel Warner, Jr., Wrentham. 
Alvah Morrison, Braintree. 

Plymouth. 
Edward Cazneau, Hingham. 
Wm. H. Wood, Middleboro'. 



Bristol. 
John Earle, 
Lyman W. Dean, 
George Austin, 



Swanzey. 

Attleboro'. 

Swanzey. 



Barnstable. 
Stephen Hilliard, Provincetown. 
Z. D. Bassett, Barnstable. 

Nantucket and Dukes. 
William Barney, Nantucket. 



12 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Chauncey L. Knapp, Clerk] J. H. Buckingham, Assistant Clerk; 
Rev. A. L. Stone, Chaplain. 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Nathaniel P. Banks, Jr., Speaker. 



Lewis Josselyn, Clerk ; Rev. 
Suffolk 
Sidney Bartlett, Boston. 

John Bigelow, 
Charles Boardman, 
Billings Briggs, 
Edward Brooks, 
Isaac Cary, 
Otis Clapp, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
Robert L Colby, 
Samuel F. Coolidge, 
Benjamin R. Curtis, 
Tisdale Drake, 
William Eaton, 
Thomas Edwards, 
Henry H. Fuller, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
Junius Hall, 
Samuel Hooper, 
Benjamin James, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
Isaac Jones, 
Samuel Kettell, 
Moses Kimball, 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Robert Marsh, 
James Munroe, 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Charles C. Nutter, 
John Odin, Jr., 
Julius A. Palmer, 
John F. Payson, 
Silas F. Plimpton, 
Benjamin Pond, 
William Pope, 
John P. Putnam, 
William Schouler, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Thomas J. Shelton, 



George M. Randall, Chaplain. 
Jacob Sleeper, Boston. 

John Spence, Jr., . . 

Elijah Stearns, 
George Whittemore, . . 
Joseph M. Wightman, . . 
Clement Willis, 
Azel Ames, Chelsea. 

Edward Bassett, 
Edward Floyd, Chelsea, N. 

Essex. 
Sam'l H. Batchelder, Boxford. 
Nathaniel Peabody, Bradford. 
William Walcott, Danvers. 
Otis Mudge, 
Henry A. Hardy, 
Gilman P. Allen, Essex. 

Henry H. Baker, Georget'wn. 
Jeremiah R. Cook, Gloucester. 
Wm. H. Haskell, 
Moses Foster, Jr. Groveland. 
Nath'l R. Farley, Jr., Ipswich. 
James K. Barker, Lawrence. 
Morris Knowles, 
George D. Lund, 
Israel BufFum, Lynn. 

Joseph Haines, . . 

John Q. Hammond, 
Isaiah Hacker, 

William Skinner, Jr., Lynnfield. 
John Girdler, 2d, Manchester. 
Caleb Cushing, Newbury. 

Jeremiah Colman, Newburyp't 
Edward Toppan, Jr., 
Isaac Stevens, 

Addison Gott, Rockport. 

Thomas E. Payson, Rowley. 
William Kimball, Salem. 
William F. Nichols, 
Joseph B. F. Osgood, . . 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 



13 



Chas. M. Riahardson, Salem. 

Augustus Story, 

Michael Shepard, 

John Q. Evans, 

Charles Sweetser, 

Nebemiah Balch, 

John Porter, 



Salisbury. 
Saugus. 
Topsfield. 
Wenham. 
Benjamin Edwards, W. Newb'y. 



Middlesex. 



James T. Woodbury, 
Howard Gates, 
James Jackson, 
Francis Coggswell, 
John Fletcher, 
David Collins, 
William Winn, Jr., 
Stephen T. Farwell, 
Justin Jones, 
Willard Phillips, 
Franklin Sawyer, Jr.. 
Charles Wood, 
John Jacobs, 
R. Frothingham, Jr., 
James M. Stone, 
Oliver Smith 
Edward Thorndike, 
John L. Taggard, 
Jabez Stevens, 
Aaron A. Kelsey, 
Archib'd O. Varnum, 
Ira Hall, 
Carle ton Parker, 
Phineas G. Prescott, 
Simeon Fisher, 
William Claflin, 
Philip Russell, 
Daniel Weston, 
Jacob G. Elliot, 
Jefferson Bancroft, 
Francis Bush, 
Joseph Bedlow, 
James Dinsmoor, 
George Gardner, 
John Maynard, 
Hannibal Powers, 
Silas Tyler, 



Acton. 

Ashby. 

Ashland. 

Bedford. 

Boxboro'. 

Brighton. 

Burlington. 

Cambridge. 



Carlisle. 
Charlest'n. 



Chelmsford. 

Concord. 

Dracut. 

Dunstable. 

Framing'm. 

Groton. 

Holliston. 

Hopkinton. 

Lexington. 

Lincoln. 

Littleton. 

Lowell. 



William Ripley, Lowell. 
Tappan Wentworth, 

William Johnson, Maiden. 

Obadiah W. Albee, Marlboro'. 
Thatcher R.Raymond,Medford. 

John T. Payne, Melrose. 

Marshall S. Rice, Newton. 
Joseph Barney, 

John D. Fisk, Pepperell. 

James S. Campbell, Reading. 

Leonard M. Parker, Shirley. 

George O. Brastow, Somerville. 

Edward Mansfield, S. Reading. 

George Cowdry, Stoneham. 

Peter Fletcher, Stow. 

Israel Haynes, Sudbury. 

Benj. F. Spaulding, Tewksbury. 

Henry A. Gerry, Townsend. 

Seth Bemis, Jr., Watertown. 

John B. Wight, Wayland. 
David W. Horton, W.Cambridge. 

Nathan S. Hamblin, Westford. 

Isaac Coburn, Weston. 

Nathan Townsend, Wilmingt'n. 

Frederic O. Prince, Winchester. 

Worcester. 



Ivers Adams, 


Ashburnham. 


Nehemiah Ward, 


Athol. 


Almerin L. Ackley, 


Auburn. 


Luke Houghton, 


Barre. 


Amos Sawyer, 


Berlin. 


Caleb Thayer, 


Blackstone. 


John Andrews, 2d, 


Boylston. 


Alfred Rice, 


Brookfield. 


Luther Litchfield, 


Charlton. 


Horatio N. Bigelow, 


Clinton. 


Leonard Doane, 


Dana. 


Perley Gould, 


Douglas. 


Henry H. Stevens, 


Dudley. 


Charles Mason, 


Fitchburg. 


Nathaniel Wood, 




John Edgell, 


Gardner. 


Levi Rawson, 


Grafton. 


Alvah Southworth, 


Hard wick. 


George Gerry, 


Harvard. 


George W. Bascom, 


Holden. 



2* 



14 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Wm Bennett, Jr., Hubbardst'n. 
Anthony Lane, Lancaster. 

Samuel Watson, Leicester. 

George S. Burrage, Leominster. 
Willard Porter, Lunenburg. 

Francis E. Wheelock,Mendon. 
Hiram Hunt, Milford. 

Alfred Bragg, 

Orville E. Thompson, Millbury. 
Jona. G. Frost, New Braintree. 
Samuel Clark, Northboro'. 

Erastus O. Benson, Northbridge. 
Charles Adams, Jr., N. Brookfield. 
James B. Ware, Oakham. 

Albert A. Cook, Oxford. 

Sam'l D.. Harrington, Paxton. 
George White, Petersham. 

Charles C. Bassett, Phillipston. 
Ephraim Beaman, Princeton. 
Joseph Raymond, Royalston. 
George A. Gates, Rutland. 
Lucius S. Allen, Shrewsbury. 
Lovett Fay, Southboro'. 

William Baldwin, Spencer. 
Luther W. Rugg, Sterling. 
Emerson Johnson, Sturb ridge. 
Salem Chamberlin, Sutton. 
Dexter Gilbert, Templeton. 

Warren Lackey, Uxbridge. 

Nathan Cody, Webster. 

Elmer Brigham, Westboro'. 

E. M. Hosmer, W.Boylston. 

William Curtis, W. Brookfield. 
John White, Westminster. 

Alvah Godding, Winchendon. 
John Milton Earle, Worcester. 
Edward Earle, 
Benjamin Flagg, 
John F. Gleason, 
Charles Washburn, 

Hampshire. 
William C. Fowler, Amherst. 
Leonard Barrett, Belchertown. 
Hudson Bates, Chesterfield. 

Charles Shaw, Cummington. 

John Wright, 2d, Easthampton. 



Henry Fobes, Enfield. 

William Tilton. Goshen. 

Lucius Ferry, Granby. 

Luke Earle, Greenwich. 

Dudley Smith, Hadley. 

Elijah Bardwell, Jr., Hatfield. 
William Taylor, Norwich. 

Neh. W. Aldrich, Pelham. 
Freeman Hamlin, Plainfield. 
Nelson B. Jones, Prescott. 
Lorenzo Gaylord, So. Hadley. 
Chauncy Clapp, Southampton. 
Ira P. Gould, Ware. 

Daniel W. Clark, Westhampton. 

Hiram Hill, Williamsburg. 

Ethan Barnes, Worthington. 

Hampden. 

Justin Wilson, Blandford. 

Aurelius C. Root, Chester. 
Giles S. Chapin, Chicopee. 

Alpheus Nettleton, 
John Wells, 

Vincent Holcombe, Granville. 
Alexander Day, Holyoke. 

Burgess Salisbury, Longmeadow. 
William Squier, Montgomery. 
Joseph Brown, 2d, Palmer. 
Roland Parks, Russell. 

John Holcomb, Southwick. 

Henry Adams, Springfield. 

John Mills, 
Edw. F. Moseley, 
Thomas W. Wason, 
William E. Barnes, Tolland. 
Arbey Squier, Wales. 

James Noble, Westfield. 

Daniel G. White, W. Springfield. 
Roderick S. Merrill, Wilbraham. 

Franklin. 

Hosea Blake, Ashfield. 

John E. Burke, Berna'dst'n. 

Bartlett Ballard, Buckland. 

Hart Leavitt, CharFmont. 

Horatio Flagg, Coleraine. 

James S. Whitney, Conway. 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 



15 



Cephas Clapp, 
Fordyce Alexander, 
Eliphalet S. Darling, 
Lucius Nims, 
George Lathrop, 
Joseph White, 2d, 
Silas Ball, 
E. Wing Packer, 
Asahel Gore, 
Erastus Andrews, 



Deerfield. 

Erving. 

Gill. 

Greenfield. 

Hawley. 

Heath. 

Leverett. 

Leyden. 

Monroe. 

Montague. 



Samuel Bell, 
Andrew Fuarey, 
William White, 
Reuben Pierce, 



Washin'ton. 
W. Stockb. 
W'mstown. 
Windsor. 



Alpheus Harding, Jr., New Salem. 
Rodney Hunt, Orange. 

Noah Wells, Rowe. 

Ebenezer G. Lamson, Shelburne. 
Hardin Hemenway, Shutesbury. 
Horace Lyman, Sunderland. 

Ansel Davis, Warwick. 

Samuel Brewer, Wendell. 



Berkshire. 
Stephen L. Arnold, 
John H. Orr, 
William Milligan, 
Nathan Barnes, 
Silas Cole, 
Burr Chamberlin, 
James Baldwin, 
Ephraim Tower, 
Noble B. Pickett, 
Gardner Eldridge, 
Munroe Emmons, 
Asahel Buck, 
Harrison Garfield, 
M. S. Wilson, 
John Branning, 
Norman G. Baxter, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Henry K. Spellman, 
Zenas Watkins, 
Samuel A. Churchill, 
Ensign H. Kellogg, 
Samuel Bartlett, 
Francis Baxter, 
Robert Sturtevant,Jr. 
Rodney Sage, 
Edward C. Carter, 
Ezra Heath, 



Adams. 

Alford. 
Becket. 
Cheshire. 
Dalton. 
Egremont. 
Florida. 
GtBarringt. 
Hancock. 
Hinsdale. 
Lanesboro'. 
Lee. 
Lenox. 
Monterey. 
N. Ashfbrd. 
N.Marlboro. 
Otis. 
Peru. 
Pittsfield. 

Richmond. 

Sandisfield. 
, Savoy. 

Sheffield. 
Stockbridge. 

Tyringham. 



Norfolk. 

Martin Rockwood, 
Caleb Stetson, 
William Aspinwall, 
Charles Endicott, 
Thomas Stoddard, 
Ezra Wilkinson, 
Edward Sharp, 
Nathaniel F. Safford 
Ralph Sanger, 
Martin Torrey, 
William Metcalf, 
Jonathan P. Bishop, 
Jason Reed, 
Henry Robinson, 
Joseph W. Robertson 
George Marsh, 
Ezra S. Conant, 
Stephen M. Allen, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Theodore Dunn, 
James M. Keith, 
John L. Plummer, 
John S. Sleeper, 
Albert Johnson, 
Palmer Morey, 
Elias Hunt, 
Benjamin F. White 

Bristol. 

Lyman W T . Daggett, 
Abiel B. Crane, 
Francis D. Bartlett, 
Jonathan Jones, 
Isaac Wood, Jr., 
Nathaniel B. Borden, 
Richard Borden, 
Richard C. French, 
James B. Luther, 
William Hall, 
William B. Bates, 



Bellingham. 

Braintree. 

Brookline. 

Canton. 

Cohasset. 

Dedham. 

Dorchester. 

Dover. 
Foxboro'. 
Franklin. 
Medfield. 
Milton. 
Needham. 
, Quincy. 

Randolph. 
Roxbury. 



Stoughton. 

Walpole. 

Weymouth. 



A.ttleboro'. 

Berkley. 

Dartmouth. 

Dighton. 

Fairhaven. 

Fall River. 



Freetown. 
Mansfield. 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Thomas Kempton, N. Bedford. 
Obed Nye, 
Richard A. Palmer, 

Austin Messinger, Norton. 

Cassander Gilmore, Raynham. 

Sylvester Hunt, Rehoboth. 

John Gregory, Seekonk. 
Benjamin Cartwright, Somerset. 

William T. Chase, Swanzey. 

John Andrews, Taunton. 
Lewis R. Chesbrough, 
James M. Williams, 

Frederick Brownell, Westport. 

Plymouth. 
Isaac Hersey, Abington. 

James W. Ward. 
Asahel Hathaway, B ridge wat. 
Matthias Ellis, Carver. 

Joshua W. Hathaway, Duxbury. 
Levi Churchill, E. Bridgew. 

Edwin Inglee, Halifax. 

John S. Barry, Hanover. 

Elijah Damon, Hanson. 

Charles W. Cushing, Hingham. 
Martin Knight, Hull. 

Nathaniel Faunce, Kingston. 
Luther Hatch, Marshfield. 

Everett Robinson, Middi'boro. 
Joshua Wood, 



Jesse Perkins, 

Joseph Cobb, 

William H. Bradford, 

Joseph B. Nye, 
I John H. Clark, 

Elijah Jenkins, Jr., 
! James Southworth, 

Lewis Kinney, 
j Joseph Kingman, 

Barnstable. 
1 Josiah Seabury, 
Josiah Kendrick, 
Thomas Hall, 
Scutter Cobb, 
David Lawrence, 



N.Bridgew. 

Pembroke. 

Plymouth. 

Ply mp ton. 

Rochester. 

Scituate. 

S. Scituate. 

Wareham. 

W.Bridg'w. 

Brewster. 

Chatham. 

Dennis. 

Eastham. 

Falmouth. 



Nathaniel Doane, Jr., Harwich. 
Leander Crosby, Orleans. 
Joseph P. Johnson, Pro vine eto. 
Ebenezer Freeman, Wellfleet. 
Nathaniel S. Simpkins,Yarmouth. 

Dukes. 
Herman Vincent, Chilmark. 
Sirson P. Coffin, Edgartown. 
William S. Vincent, Tisbury* 

Nantucket. 
James H. Briggs, Nantucket. 
Reuben Maeder, 
Obed Swain, 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

SENATE. 
Judiciary. — Messrs. Griswold, Wood of Plymouth, Russell. Probate and 
Chancer}/. — Messrs. Warner, Wood of Worcester, Barney. Treasury. — 
Messrs. Sears, Taber, Brown. Bills in Third Reading. — Messrs- Saunders, 
Kuhn, Wood of Plymouth, Beach, Russell, and Kimball. Engrossed Bills. — 
Messrs. Hilliard, Whitney, Graves, Hawley, Morrison, Wellington. 

HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES. 

Judiciary. — Messrs. Cushing of Newbury, Mills of Springfield, Curtis of 
Boston, Wilkinson of Dedham, Wentworth of Lowell, Safford of Dorchester, 
Nims of Greenfield. 

Probate and Chancery. — Messrs. Branning of Monterey, Plimpton of Bos- 



CIVIL GOVERNMENT. 17 

ton, Prince of Winchester, Robinson of Middleboro', Clark of Northboro', 
Wells of Rowe, Earle of Greenwich. 

finance. — Messrs Froth ingh am of Charlestown, Wood of Fitchburg. Kel- 
logg' of Pittsfieid, Hunt of Orange, Brooks of Boston. Jones of Prescott, 
Crane of Berkley. 

Elections. — Messrs. Wood of FUehburg, Leavitt of Charlemont, Schouler 
of Boston. Paine of Melrose, Story of Salem, Robinson of Middleboro', 
Palmer of New Bedford. 

Bills in Third Reading. — Messrs. Mason of Fitchburg. Haines of Lynn, 
Pond of Boston, Albee of Marlboro', Ames of Chelsea, White of West 
Springfield. Chamberlain of Dalton. 

Engrossed Bills. — Messrs. Clafiin of Hopkinton, Brownell of Westport, 
Chesbrough of Taunton, Emmons of Hinsdale, Clark of Westhampton, Day 
of Holyoke, Briggs of Nantucket. 

Coi'mty Estimates. — Messrs. Messenger of Norton, Endicottof Canton, Fer- 
ry of Granby, Cole of Cheshire, Maeder of Nantucket. 

Pay Roll. — Messrs. Flagg of Worcester, Wood of Fairhaven, Spellman of 
Otis. Sleeper of Boston. Churchill of East Bridgewater. 

Change of Names. — Messrs. Burke of Bernardston, Allen of Shrewsbury, 
Scahury of Brewster, Shaw of Cummington. Coburn of Weston. 

Leace of Absence. — Messrs. Harding of New Salem, J. Munroe of Boston, 
Vincent of Chilmark, Rugg of Sterling, Robinson of Needham. 

Public Buildings. — Messrs. Wasson'of Springfield, Thompson of Millbury, 
Marsh of Boston, Hammond of Lynn, Stoddard of Cohasset. 

Printing. — Messrs. Ames of Chebea, Jones of Cambridge, Gerry of Har- 
vard, Hall of Dennis, Hemenway of Shutcsbury. 

JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Howe and Boynton of the Senate. Messrs. Adams of 
North Brookfield, Brewer of Roxbury, Packer of Leyden. Seaver of Boston, 
Kelsey of Concord, of the House. 

Agriculture. — Messrs. Wellington and Moseley, of the Senate. Messrs. Brig- 
ham of Westboro, Buck of Lanesborough, Barry of Hanover, Hunt of Reho- 
both. Russell of Lexington, of the House. 

Banks and Banking. — Messrs. De Witt and Kuhn, of the Senate. Messrs. 
Stetson of Braintree, Cowdry of Stoneham. Williams of Taunton, Hooper of 
Boston, Kingman of West Bridgewater, of the House. 

Claims. — Messrs. Bigelow and Dean, of the Senate. Messrs. Bishop of 
Medfield. Nutter of Boston, Wilson of Blandford, Milligan of Alford, Pow- 
ers of Lowell, of the House. 

Education. — Messrs. Keyes and Hyde, of the Senate. Messrs. Curtis of 
West Brookfield, Cogswell of Bedford, Fowler of Amherst, Kettell of Boston, 
Ward of Abington, of the House. 

Fisheries. — Messrs. Cazneau and Kimball, of the Senate. Messrs. Coffin of 
Edgartown, Crosby of Orleans, Gott of Rockport, Swain of Nantucket, John- 
son of Provincetown. of the House. 

Library. — Messrs. Buckingham, Sears, and Robinson, of the Senate. 
Messrs. Parker of Shirley, Earle of Greenwich, Sleeper of Roxbury, of the 
House. 

Manufactures. — Messrs. Robinson and Hilliard, of the Senate. Messrs. 
Whitney of Conway, Stone of Charlestown, Wightman of Boston, Ackleyof 
Auburn. Faunce of Kingston, of the House. 

Mercantile Affairs and Insurance. — Messrs. Seaver and Wood of Worces- 
ter, of the Senate. Messrs. Raymond cf Medford. Barker of Lawrence, Bor- 
den of Fall River, Gardner of Boston, Jenkins of Scituate, of the House. 

Militia. — Messrs. Hawley and Saunders, of the Senate. Messrs. Wilson of 



18 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Lenox, Nettleton of Chicopee, Brastow of Somerville, Foster of Groveland, 
Hatch of Marshfield, of the House. 

Parishes and Religious Societies. — Messrs.Welch and Hubbard, of the Seriate. 
Messrs. Wood of Middleborou°h, Elliot of Littleton, Wells of Chicopee, Dag- 
gett of Attleborough, Flagg of Coleraine, of the House. 

Prisons. — Messrs. Beach and Keyes, of the Senate. Messrs. Thorndike of 
Charlestown, Kimball of Boston, Wallcott of Dan vers, Fuarey of West Stock- 
bridge, Hall of Freetown, of the House. 

Public Charitable Institutions. — Messrs. Graves and Warner, of the Senate. 
Messrs. Earle of Worcester, Lincoln of Boston, Toppan of Newburyport, 
Farwell of Cambridge, Bates of Mansfield, of the House. 

Public Expenditures. — Messrs. Buckingham and Daniels, of the Senate. 
Messrs. Holcombe of Granville, Edgell of Gardner, Bancroft of Lowell, Cobb 
of Pembroke, Sanger of Dover, of the House. 

Public Lands. — Messrs. Whitney and Morrison, of the Senate- Messrs. 
Woodbury of Acton, Payson of Rowley, Alexander of Erving, Gilmore of 
Raynham, Arnold of Adams, of the House. 

Railways and Canals. — Messrs. Wilkins and Usher, of the Senate. Messrs. 
Payne of Melrose, Bennett of Hubbardston, Simpkins of Yarmouth, Conant 
of Randolph, Smith of Hadley, of the House. 

Roads and Bridges. — Messrs. Newell and Austin, of the Senate Messrs. 
Sturtevant of Savoy, Lawrence of Falmouth, Sawyer of Berlin, Kimball of 
Salem, Metcalf of Franklin, of the House. 

Towns. — Messrs. Basset and Brown, of the Senate. Messrs. Adams of Ash- 
burnham, Dinsmoor of Lowell, Parks of Russell, Keith of Roxbury, Hatha- 
way of Duxbury, of the House. 



NEWSPAPERS IN MASSACHUSETTS.* 



PRINTED 

Daily. 
Boston Daily Atlas. 
Boston Post. 
Daily Advertiser. 
Boston Courier. 
Evening Transcript. 
Boston Daily Journal, (Morning. ) 
Boston Daily Journal, (Evening.) 
Evening Traveller. 
Boston Herald. 
Daily Times. 
Daily Mail. 
Daily Bee. 
Daily Chronotype. 
The Commonwealth. 

Semi' Weekly. 
Atlas, Wednesday and Saturday 

Press and Post, Tuesday and Friday 
Semi- W. Advertiser, Wednes. and Sat. 
Semi-W.Courier, Monday&Thursday 
Somi-W.Traveller, Tuesd. and Friday 
Semi-W. Journal, " 



IN BOSTON. 

Weekly. 

Evening Gazette, Saturday 

Weekly Messenger, Thursday 
Weekly Atlas, " 

Weekly Courier, Friday 
Weekly Journal, " 

Weekly Traveller, Saturday 
Weeklv Statesman, " 

Weekly Bee. 

Weekly Dollar Times, " 

Weekly Mail, 

Weekly Chronotype, " 

The Puritan Recorder, Thursday 

Youth's Companion, Wednesday 
Congregationalist, " 

Emancipator&Republican, Saturday 
Boston Museum, " 

American Sentinel, 
Ploughman, 

Cultivator. " 

Christian Register, Friday 

Christian Freeman, Saturday 
,Chr'n Watchman &Rcfiector,Thursday 



* Compiled by Benj. Stevens, Esq., Scrgeani-at-Arms. 



NEWSPAPERS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



19 



Saturday 



Christian Times, Saturday 

Christian Witness, " 

Uncle Sam, " 

Trumpet, 

Olive Branch, " 

Railway Times, " 

Zion's Herald, Wednesday 

Medical & Surgical Journal, " 

Liberator, Saturday 

The Cabinet, etc., 

American Union, " 

PRINTED IN THE COUNTRY. 

Essex County. Hampden County. 

Salem Gazette, Tri- Weekly Springfield Republican, Daily 

Salem Register, Semi- Weekly J Springfield Republican, Weekly 



Star-Spangled Banner, 

Flag of our Union, 

Littelfs Living Age, 

Waverley Magazine, " 

Democratic Standard, " 

Yankee Blade, 

Yankee Nation. 

Saturday Rambler & Farmer, " 

Horticulturist, Monthly 

Chelsea Pioneer, Weekly 



Essex County Freeman, 



Weekly 



Daily 

Semi- Weekly 
Daily 
Weekly 



Salem Mercury, 
Salem Observer, 
Haverhill Gazette, 
Haverhill Banner, 
Newburyport Herald, 
Newburyport Herald, 
Evening Union, 
Gloucester Telegraph 
Gloucester News, 
Cape Ann Light, 
Lawrence Courier, 
Lawrence Sentinel, 
Lynn News, 

Bay State Democrat, " 

Dan vers Courier, " 

Marblehead Advocate, " 

Middlesex County. 

Bunkerhill Aurora, Weekly 

Cambridge Chronicle, " 
Concord.MiddlesexFreeman, " 

Lowell Courier, Daily 

Lowell Advertiser, Tri- Weekly 

Lowell American, " 

Lowell Journal, Weekly 

Lowell Patriot, " 

Lowell American, " 

Lowell Vox Populi, " 

Worcester County. 

The Daily Spy, Daily 

Massachusetts Spy, Weekly 
National iEgis, 

Worcester Palladium. " 

Worcester Christian Citizen, " 
Massachusetts Cataract. " 

Barre Gazette, " 

Barre Patriot, " 

Fitchburg Sentinel, " 

Lancaster Courant, " 

Hampshire County. 
Hampshire&FranklinExpress," 
Hamp. Gazette, Northampton, " 
Northampton Courier, " 

Northampton Democrat, " 
Ware Village Gazette, " 



Hampden Post, Daily 

Hampden Post, Weekly 
Springfield Sentinel, " 

Cabotville Mirror, 
Westfield News-Letter, " 

Westfield Standard, 

Berkshire County. 

Pittsfield Sun. • Weekly 

Pittsfield Eagle, 
Great Barrington Courier, " 
North Adams Transcript, " 
Stockbridge Visitor, " 

Franklin County. 

Greenfield Gazette & Courier, ' ; 
Greenfield Republic, " 

Franklin Democrat, " 

Norfolk County. 

Quincy Patriot, " 

Norfolk Democrat, 
Norfolk Journal, 
Dedham Gazette, " 

Bristol County. 
New Bedford Mercury, Daily 
New Bedford Mercury, Weekly 
New Bedford Register, 
Taunton American Whig, " 
Taunton Democrat, 
Fall River Monitor, 
Fall River News, " 

Plymouth County. 
Plymouth Memorial, 
Plymouth Rock, " 

Old. Colony Reporter, " 

Hingham Journal, " 

Barnstable County. 
Barnstable Patriot, 
Yarmouth Register, 
Sandwich Observer, 

Dukes County. 

I Edgartown,VineyardGazette, " 

Nantucket County. 
j Nantucket Inquirer, Tri- Weekly 
I Nantucket Inquirer, Weekly 



20 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



POPULATION AND REPRESENTATION-* 

Of the several towns in Massachusetts, 1840 to 1850, and 1850 to 1860. 

Explanation. — The population in this Table was ascertained by the 
State and not by the United States. In the column under the head- 
ing " Rep." is inserted the number of Representatives which the 
town is entitled to send annually, for each ten years, 1840 to 1850, 
and 1850 to 1860. The next column — " lOths"— shows the number 
of years in the ten in which the Town is entitled to be represented, 
to be selected at the option of the voters. The Recapitulation, at 
the end, gives the number of Representatives and Senators in each 
county. 



TOWNS. 


1840. 1850. 


TOWNS. 


| 1840. 


I 1850. 






to 






33 


1 1 


|o5 


I . i:» 




p, 


a, 


g 


d, 


— 






a 1 £« 


15 


id g. £ 




o 




o 


o 


<x> 


^ 






2 


\ * *r 


barxst'ble 






! 




BERK.SHIR E 


r 


| 


i T 


Barnstable, 


4297 


2 




4805 


2 




Pittsfield, 


4060 2 




j 6032 2 


Brewster, 


1471 


1 




1503 




7 


Richmond, 


1052 


6 


: 896 4 


Chatham, 


2278 


1 




2437 


1 




Sandisfield, 


145l| 1 


1 


1626 1 


Dennis, 


2792 


1 




3213 


1 




Savoy, 


913 


5 


1 1003 4 


Eastham, 


944 




5 


841 




4 


Sheffield, 


2322 1 




2734 1 


Falmouth, 


2604 


1 




2645 


1 




Stockbridge 


1981 1 




1706 1 


Harwich, 


2860 


1 




3133 


1 




Tyringham, 


1402! 1 




780 3 


Orleans, 


1953 


1 




1788 


1 




Washingt'n, 


830| 


5 


903 4 


Provincet'n, 


2101 


1 




2678 


1 




W. Stockbge 


1330 1 




1731 1 


Sandwich, 


3620 


o 




4181 


1 




Williamst'n, 


2076 1 




2534 1 


Truro, 


1916 


1 




2002 


1 




Windsor, 


872 




5 


926 4 


Wellfleet, 


2306 


1 




2372 


] 




BRISTOL. 










Yarmouth, 


2520 


1 




2399 


1 




Attleboro' , 


3620 


2 




4157 1 


BERKSHIRE. 














Berkley, 


951 




5 


923 4 


Adams, 


3639 


2 




6050 


o 




Dartmouth, 


4091 


2 




4056 1 


Alford, 


519 




3 


536 




2 


Dighton, 


1417 


1 




1632 1 


Becket, 


1128 




7 


1229 




5 


Easton, 


2076 


1 




2354 1 


Boston Col', 








61 






Fairhaven, 


3985 


2 




4150 1 


Cheshire. 


954 




5 


1238 




5 


Fall River, 


6451 


3 




11170 4 


Clarksburg, 


403 




2 


394 




1 


Freetown, 


1757 


1 




1585 1 


Dalton, 


1143 




7 


1055 




5 


Mansfield, 


1346 


1 




1905 1 


Egremont, 


1036 




6 


1031 




4 


N. Bedford, 


12585 


5 




16441 j 5 


Florida, 


435 




2 


564 




2 1 


Norton, 


1544 1 1 




1842 1 


Gt. Bar'ng'n 


2690 


1 




3274 


1 




Pawtucket, 


2119! 1 


i 3876 1 1 


Hancock, 


958 




5 


770 




3 


Raynham, 


1319! 1 


1 1439 6 


Hinsdale, 


950 




5 


1282 




6 ! 


Rehoboth, 


2036 1 


1959 1 


Lanesboro', 


1048 




6 


1234 




5 


Seekonk, 


1 831 | 1 


2065 1 


Lee, 


2281 


1 




3093 


1 




Somerset, 


1047! 


6j 1112 5 


Lenox, 


1323 


1 




1576 


1 




Swanzey, 


1421 1 


i 1339 6 


^Monterey, 








733 




3 


Taunton, 


7524' 3 


(10145 3 


Mt Wash'h, 


470 




2 


340 




1 


Westport, 


2644J 1 


1 2829 1 


N. Ashford, 


229 




1 


210 




I 


DUKES. 




1 


N. Marlboro' 


1619 


1 




1733 


1 




Chilmark, 


544 


3 741 3 


Otis, 


1158 




7 


1163 




5 


Edirartown, 


1803 1 


| 1894 1 


Peru 


610) 




3| 500 


1 2J|Tisbury, 


1513 1 


1 1781 l' 


*Inc. 1847— f( 


)rmerly part of Tyringham. 





* This Table was prepared by Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., for the " Boston Almam 



POPULATION AND REPRESENTATION. 



21 



TOWNS. 


1840. 


1S50. 


TOWNS. 


1840. 




1850. 










,-l-| 


K 






DO 


1 


.1 


•r. 




d 


Q. 


5 


& io 1 


B 




a. 


& 


■— 


a. J 


a 


« 




o 




S 




s 




m 


M 


— 


£ 


~1 


3 


ESSEX. 




FRANKLIN. 




Amesbury, 


2580 


1 




3040 1 




Northfield, 


1658 


1 




172o' 


1 




Andover, 


4951 


2 




6748 2! 




Orange, 


1492 


1 




1738 


1 




Beverly, 


4686 


2 




5396 2, 




Rowe, 


700 




4 


661 




3 


Boxford, 


908 




5 


994 


4! Shelburne, 


1034 




6 


1226 




5 


Bradford, 


2153 


1 




1212 


5j Shutesbury, 


997 




6 


924 




4 


Danvers, 


5140 


2 




7949 3 




Sunderland. 


698 




4 


803 




3 


Essex, 


1432 


1 




1607 1 




Warwick, 


1154 




7 


1018 




4 


Georgetown, 


1553 


1 




2027, 1 




Wendell, 


844 




5 


897 




4 


Gloucester, 


6394 


3 




7416 2 




Whately, 


1104 




6 


1129 




5 


*Groveland, 








1302; 


6 


HAMPDEN. 














Hamilton, 


823 




5 


893| 


4 


Blanford, 


1512 


1 




1515 




7 


Haverhill, 


4373 


2 




5754 2 




Brimfield, 


1434 


1 




1444 




6 


Ipswich, 


2958 


1 




3074 1 




Chester, 


1412 


1 




1485 




7 


tLawrence, 








8358 1 3 




jChicopee, 








8319 


3 




Lynn, 


9075 


4 




13613 4 




Granville, 


1284 


1 




1220 




5 


Lynnfield, 


689 




4 


1010 


4 


Holland, 


436 




2 


467 




2 


Manchester, 


1266 


1 




1604 1 




§ Holy ok e, 

Longm'dow, 

Ludlow, 








3713 


1 




Marblehead, 


5539 


2 




6073 2 




1266 


1 




1323 




6 


Methuen, 


2232 


1 




2556 1 




1365 


1 




1140 




5 


Middleton, 


642 




4 


816; 


3 


Monson, 


2102 


1 




2166 


1 




Newbury, 


3889 


2 




4457: 1 




M'tgomery, 
1 Palmer, 


656 




4 


401 




1 


Newburyp't, 


7124 


3 




9534 3 




2150 


1 




3896 


1 




Kockport, 


2738 


1 




3366 1 




Russell, 


1000 




6 


532 




2 


Rowley, 


1230 


1 




1136' 1 




j South wick, 


1211 


] 




1165 




5 


Salem, 


15162 


6 




18948 6 




Springfield, 
i Tolland, 


11013 


5 




11330 


4 




Salisbury, 


2696 


1 




2909 1 




587 




3 


573 




2 


Saugus, 


1202 


1 




1505; 1 




Wales, 


718 




4 


705 




3 


Topsfield, 


1067 




6 


1162 


5 


W. Spring'd, 
Westfield, 


3707 


2 




2968 


1 




Wenham, 


69 3 




4 


1003 


4 


3640 


2 




4010 


1 




W. Newb'y, 


155 3 


1 




1708 1 




Wilbraham, 


1846 


1 




1852 


1 




FRANKLIN. 














HAMPSHIRE 














Ashfield, 


1579 


1 




1521 




7 


Amherst, 


2415 


1 




2785 


1 




Bernardst'n, 


924 




5 


977 




4 


Belchertown 


2505 


1 




2560 


1 




Buckland, 


1110 




6 


1049; 


5 


Chesterfield, 


1204 


1 




1009 




4 


Charlemont, 


1181 




7 


1188; 


5 


Cummiugt'n 


1214 


1 




1207 




5 


Coleraine, 


1930 


1 




1764 1 




E'thampton, 


724 




4 


1202 




5 


Conway, 


1394 


1 




17S8 1 




Enfield, 


931 




5 


1062 




5 


Deerfield, 


1934 


1 




2455 1 




Goshen, 


563 




3 


515 




2 


Erving, 


294 




1 


465. 


2 


Granby. 


950 




5 


1013 




4 


Gill, 


778 




4 


741 1 


3 


Greenwich, 


850 




5 


811 




3 


Greenfield, 


1754 


1 




2578; 1 




Hadley, 


1840 


1 




1941 


1 




Hawley, 


931 




5 


861 


4 


Hatfieid, 


915 




5 


1071 




5 


Heath, 


904 




5 


779 


3 


Middlefield, 


1395 


1 




692 




3 


Leverett, 


896 




5 


9211 


4 


No'thamptn, 


3672 


2 




■5194 


2 




Leyden, 


646 




4 


669 


3 


Norwich, 


746 




4 


757 




3 


Munroe, 


260 




1 


242; 


1 


Pel ham, 


1000 




6 


872 




4 


Montague, 


1288 


1 




1515 


7 


Plainfield, 


926 




6 


813 




3 


New Salem, 


1275 


1 




1259 


6 


Prescott, 


781 




5 


702 




3 


* Inc. 1850- 


form. pt. Brad 


ford, f Inc. 1847— form. pts. A 


ndover and Methuen. Jlnc. 


1848— form, pa 


rt of Springfie 


Id. § Inc. 1850— form, part 


f West Springfield. 



22 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



TOWNS; 


184:0. 


1850. 


TOWNS. 


1840. 


1850. 






ID 




j ^ 






t» 






m 




p. 


ft 


-S 


B, 


ft |js 




ft 


d 


A 


ft 


a 


fl 




o 

ft 


3 


o 


O 

ft 


(S Is 

i 




o 
ft 




o 


© 
ft 


PS 


s 


HAMPSHIRE. 














MIDDLESEX. 










S. Hadley, 


1422 


i 




2082 


i 




Waltham, 


2593 


1 




4483 


1 




So'hampton. 


1158 




7 


1120 




5 


Waurtown, 


1896 


1 




2592 


1 




Ware, 


1955 


i 




3568 


i 




Wav'and, 


954 




5 


1146 




5 


Whampton, 


752 




4 


636 




3 


W. Camb'ge 


1338 


1 




2120 


1 




Wmsburg, 


1289 1 




1534 




7 


Westford, 


1426 


1 




1436 




6 


Worth'gton, 


1185 


7 


1144 




5 


Weston, 


1053 




6 


1120 




5 


MIDDLESEX- 














Willmingt'n, 


831 




5 


880 




4 


Acton, 
Ashby, 


1126 
1242 


l 


7 


1664 
1207 


i 


5 


§Wineh'sier, 
Wobuvn. 


2931 


1 




1320 

3788 


1 


6 


^Ashland, 








1299 




6 


nanttjck't. 














Bedford, 


901 




5 


958 




9 


Nantucket. 


9512 


4 




8779 


3 




Billerica, 


1527 


i 




1600 


i 




NORFOLK. 














Boxborough 
Brighton, 


440 




2 


404 




1 


Bellingham, 


1045 




6 


1246 




5 


1405 


i 




2253 


i 




Braintree, 


2118 


1 




2905 


1 




Burlington, 


510 




3 


509 




2 


Brookline. 


1123 




7 


2353 1 




Cambridge, 

Carlyle, 

Charlestown 


8127 3 




14825 


5 




Canton, 


1928 


1 




2430 1 




563 
10872 5 


3 


634 
15933 


5 


3 


Cohasset, 
Dedham, 


1411 
3157 


1 
1 




1654 1 
4379 1 




Chelmsford, 

Concord, 

Dracut, 


1595 1 




2074 


1 




Dorchester, 


4458 


2 




7578 


2 




1800 1 




2206 


1 




Dover, 


514 




3 


609 




2 


2222 1 




3450 


1 




Foxboro', 


1294 


1 




1978 


1 




Dunstable, 


587 


3 


567 




2 


Franklin, 


1720 


1 




1753 


1 




Framingh'm 


2965 1 




3866 


1 




Medfield, 


846 




5 


953 




4 


Groton, 
Holliston, 


2085 1 

1734 1 




2382 
2382 


I 
1 




Med way, 
Milton, 


2051 
1684 


1 




2807 
2222 


I 

1 




Hopkinton, 


2262 | 1 




2663 


1 




Needham, 


1479 


1 




1910 1 




Lexington, 

Lincoln, 

Littleton, 

Lowell, 

Maiden , 

Marlboro', 

Medford, 

tMelrose, 

Natick, 


1559 
711 
929 


i 


4 
5 


1920 

721 

1027 


1 


3 
4 


Quiny, 
Randolph, 
Roxbury, 
Sharon, 


3309 
3232 
8310 


1 

1 
3 




4958 2 

4638 1 

18316 6 




20981 


9 




32620 


10 




1066 




6 


1158 


5 


2350 
2092 
2275 


1 




3227 
2892 
3581 


1 
1 
1 




Stoughton, 

Walpole, 

Weymouth, 


2062 
1465 
3630 


1 
1 
2 




3443 
1910 
5221 


1 
2 










1190 




5 


Wrentham, 


2902 


1 




3020 


1 




1282 


1 




2861 


1 


















Newton, 


3027 2 




5017 


2 




PLYMOUTH. 














Pepperell, 


1541 


1 




1736 


1 




Abington. 


3144 


1 




5288 2 




Reading. 


2187 


1 




3044 


1 




Bridgewat'r, 


2081 


1 




2626 1 




Sherburne, 


1014 




6 


1030 




4 


Carver, 


999 




6 


1171 


5 


Shirley, 


966 




6 


1109 




5 


Duxbury, 


2741 


1 




2655 1 




jSomerville, 








3110 


1 




EBridgew'r, 


1944 


1 




2514 1 




S. Reading, 


1500 


1 




2157 


1 




Halifax, 


739 




4 


760j 


3 


Stoneham, 


1007 




6 


2043 


1 




Hanover, 


1478 


1 




1549 




7 


Stow, 


1205 1 




1423 




6 


Hanson, 


1065 




6 


1210 




5 


Sudbury, 


1376 1 




1617 


1 




Hingham, 


3489 


1 




3962 


1 




Tewksbury, 


880 




5 


1046 




5 


Hull, 


217 




1 


262 




1 


Townsend, 


1764 


1 




1889 


1 




Kingston, 


1395 


1 




1523 




7 


Tyngsboro', 


820 




5 


741 




3 


Marshfield, 


1664 


1 




1721 


1 




*Inc. 1846— form, parts of 


Framin 


gbam, Hopkinton, and 


Hollis 


on. fI Tlc - 1850— for. 


part of Maiden. J Inc. J840 


—form. 


part of Charlestown. 


§ Inc. 


1850— form, parts of 


Woburn, Medford, and West 


Cambr 


dge. 







POPULATION AND REPRESENTATION. 



23 



TOWNS. 


184:0. 


18 


50 




TOWNS. 


184tO. 


1850. 






B0 


. 1 m 






m 






■ 




ft 


d 


£ 


(£, 


C J2 




c. 




■C 


a, 


d. 


j= 




O 


M 


o 


o 


ps jS 




















PLYMOUTH. 














WORCESTER. 














Middleboro', 


5006 


2 




5123 


2 




Leicester, 


1656 


1 




2117 


1 




N. Bridgw'r, 


2625 


1 




3958 


1 




Leominster, 


2000 


1 




3096 


1 




Pembroke, 


1239 


1 




1340 




6 


Lunenburg, 


1218 


1 




1290 




6 


Plymouth, 


5180 


2 




5717 


2 




Mendon, 


3536 


1 




1321 




6 


Plympton, 


861 




5 


929 




4 


Milford, 


1795 


1 




4410 


1 




Eochester, 


3986 


2 




3834 


1 




Millbury, 


2129 


1 




2814 


1 




Scituate, 


3720 


o 




2075 


1 




N. Braintree, 


763 




4 


810 




3 


*S. Scituate, 








1767 


1 




Northboro', 


1221 


1 




1509 




7 


Wareham, 


2002 


1 




3063 


1 




Northbridge, 


1336 


1 




2110 


1 




W. B'dgw'r. 


1211 


1 




1462 




7 


N. B'kfield, 


1468 


1 




19S4 


1 




SUFFOLK. 














Oakham, 


1030 




6 


1094 




5 


Boston, 


83979 


35 




138788 


44 




Oxford, 


1656 


1 




2334 


1 




Chelsea, 


2182 


1 




6151 


2 




Paxton, 


665 




4 


803 




3 


tN. Chelsea, 








819 




3 


Petersham, 


1812 


1 




1543 




7 


WORCESTER 














Phillipston, 


877 




5 


811 




3 


Ashb'nham, 


1653 


1 




1894 


1 




Princeton, 


1332 


1 




1254 




6 


Athol, 


1568 


1 




2002 


1 




Royalston, 


1635 


1 




1707 


1 




Auburn, 


619 




3 


859 




4 


Rutland, 


1275 


1 




1314 




6 


Barre, 


2738 


1 




2841 


1 




Shrewsbury, 


1473 


1 




1623 


1 




Berlin, 


772 




4 


828 




3 


Southboro', 


1134 




7 


1350 




6 


jBlackstone, 








4422 


1 




Southbridge, 


1991 


1 




2655 


1 




Bolton, 


1187 




7 


1211 




5 


Spencer, 


1557 


1 




2102 


1 




Boylston, 


812 




5 


890 




4 


Sterling, 


1653 


1 




1834 


1 




Brookfield, 


2306 


1 




1657 


1 




Sturbridge, 


1886 


1 




2092 


1 




Charlton, 


2060 


1 




1971 


1 




Sutton, 


2330 


1 




2387 


1 




<5 Clinton, 








2778 


1 




Templeton, 


1745 1 




2172 


1 




Dana, 


685 




4 


833 




4 


Upton, 


1479 


1 




2004 


1 




Douglas, 


1603 


1 




1809 


1 




Uxbridge, 


1948 


1 




2432 


1 




Dudley, 


1333 


1 




1418 




6 


Warren, 


1280, 1 




1727 


1 




Fitchburg, 


2570 


1 




5009 


1 




Webster, 


1346 1 




2309 


1 




Gardner, 


1238 


1 




1477 




7 


W. Bovls'tn, 


1202 ! 1 




1724 


1 




'Grafton, 


2877 


1 




3860 


1 




||W. Br'kfi'd, 








1289 




6 


Hardwick, 


1775 


1 




1619 


1 




Westboro', 


1616 


1 




2041 


1 




Harvard, 


1571 


1 




1598 


1 




Westmin'r, 


1660 


1 




1835 


1 




Holden, 


1880 


1 




1888 


1 




Winchend'n, 


1679 


1 




2424 


1 




Hubbardst'n, 


1764 


1 




1777 


1 




Worcester, 706O 


3 




15965 


5 




Lancaster, 


2013 


1 




1638 


1 


li 












* Inc. 1849— 


brm. pf 


irt of Scituate. 


f Inc. 1846— form, part of Chelsea. % Inc. 1845— 


form, part of M 


endon. 


§ Inc. 185U— 


form, part of Lancaster. ||Inc. 1848 — formerly part 


of Brookfield. 









24 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



RECAPITULATION. 



COUMTIES. 


184:0. 


1850. 


c 










1 i 














d 
o 


1 


d 


5 

o 


i I 


o 


B 
Q3 

m 


d 

a> 


o 


Barnstable, 


13 


31,662 


2 


14 


~~5 


\ » 


33,997 


2 


13 


1 


Berkshire, 


30 


40,882 


2 


22 


5 


31 


48,937 


2 


16 


9 


Bristol, 


19 


59,774 


3 


29 


1 


19 


74,979 


3 


26 


1 


Dukes, 


3 


3,860 


1 


2 


3 


3 


4,416 


1 


2 


3 


Essex, 


28 


94,748 


5 


42 


8 


30 


127,170 


5 


44 


5 


Franklin, 


26 


28,759 


2 


17 


1 


26 


30,888 


1 


14 


2 


Hampden, 


18 


37,339 


2 


20 


9 


20 


50,224 


2 


18 


1 


Hampshire, 


23 


30.392 


2 


16 


5 


23 


34,290 


2 


13 


9 


Middlesex, 


46 


104,451 


6 


52 


6 


50 


155762 


6 


56 


4 


Nantucket, 


1 


9,512 




4 




1 


8,779 




3 




Norfolk, 


22 


50,804 


3 


23 


7 


22 


77,441 


3 


27 


6 


Plymouth, 


21 


46,786 


2 


22 


o 


22 


54,509 


2 


20 


5 


Suffolk, 


2 


86,161 


5 


36 




3 


145,758 


6 


46 


3 


Worcester, 
Total, 


55 


93,462 


5 


51 


9 


58 


126,565 


5 


52 


7 


307 


7 18,592 


40 


356 


61 


1 321 


973,715 


40 


350 


~56 



It appears from this useful Table, that 14 new towns have been in- 
corporated since 1840, increasing the whole number from 307 to 321. 
The population according to these enumerations was 718,592 in 1840, 
and 973,715 m 1850, showing an increase of 255,123, or 35 per cent. 
In these enumerations, however, several classes of persons — the 
paupers and criminals — were omitted. The United States census, 
for 1840, gave 737,700, a difference from the State census of 19,108, 
That of 1850, gives 994,665, a difference from the State census of 
20,950. 

The Senate has been apportioned according to the provisions of the 
Constitution ; and of course remains the same in number. In two 
counties only, Franklin and Suffolk, have any changes occurred. 
From the former one has been taken, and to the latter one has been 
added. The ratio of representation, provided by the Constitution, 
from 1840 to 1850, was 1,200 inhabitants for one representative, and 
2,400 for each additional representative ; and towns containing a 
less number than 1,200 might have been represented as many times 
in the ten years, as 160 is contained in the number of inhabitants of 
the town. The ratio of all these numbers has since been increased, 
and from 1850 to 1860, is to be 1,560 inhabitants for one representa- 
tive, and 3,120 for each additional representative; and towns con- 
taining less than 1,560 may be represented as many times in the ten 
years, as 208 is contained in the number of inhabitants of the town. 
The aggregate number of representatives in the whole State has in- 
creased only 2 5-10ths. The number in one county remains un- 
changed ; that in four is increased, and in nine it is diminished. 



1st month.] JANUARY, 1851. 



[31 days. 



moon's phases. 
New Moon, 2d day, 6h. 0. morning. 
First Quarter, 10th day, llh. 37m. morning. 
Full Moon, 17th day, llh. 58m. morning. 
Third Quarter, 24th day, 3h. 33m. morning. 



D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 

Rises. 


Sun 

Sets. 


Moon 
Rises. 


High 
Water. 








h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Wed. 




7 32 


4 36 


6 38 


11 6 


2 


Thur. 




7 32 


4 36 


sets. 


1147 


3 


Frid. 




7 32 


4 37 


5 5b 


morn. 


4 


Sat. 




7 32 


4 38 


6 51 


27 


5 


S 




7 32 


4 39 


7 49 


1 3 


6 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Lenox, criminal. 


7 32 


4 40 


8 47 


135 


7 


Tues. 


C. C. P. Boston. 


7 32 


4 41 


9 45 


2 10 


8 


Wed. 




7 32 


4 42 


10 44 


2 46 


9 


Thur. 




7 32 


4 43 


1143 


3 22 


10 


Frid. 




7 31 


4 44 


morn. 


4 1 


11 


Sat. 




7 31 


4 46 


44 


4 44 


12 


S 




7 31 


4 47 


147 


5 37 


13 


Mon. 




7 31 


4 48 


2 53 


6 48 


14 


Tues. 




7 30 


4 49 


4 


7 57 


15 


Wed. 




7 30 


4 50 


5 8 


9 6 


16 


Thur. 




7 29 


4 51 


6 14 


10 4 


17 


Frid. 


Chr'r Munn, Shelburne, d. 1850,a. 70. 


7 29 


4 52 


rises. 


10 55 


18 


Sat. 




7 28 


4 54 


6 23 


1145 


19 


s 




7 28 


4 55 


7 38 


ev.34 


20 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Worcester, criminal. 


7 27 


4 56 


8 53 


122 


21 


Tues. 




7 26 


4 57 


10 6 


2 9 


22 


Wed. 




7 26 


4 59 


1116 


2 56 


23 


Thur. 




7 25 


5 


morn. 


3 44 


24 


Frid. 




7 24 


5 1 


24 


4 32 


25 


Sat. 




7 23 


5 2 


130 


5 28 


26 


S 




7 22 


5 4 


2 34 


6 34 


27 


Mon. 


C. C.P.Salem. 


7 21 


5 5 


3 35 


7 44 


28 


Tues. 




7 21 


5 6 


4 32 


9 


29 


Wed. 




7 20 


5 8 


5 26 


10 5 


30 


Thur. 




7 19 


5 9 


6 14 


10 55 


31 


Frid. 




7 18 


5 10 


6 57 


1136 



3* 



2d month.] FEBRUARY, 1851. [28 days. 



MOON S PHASES. 



New Moon, 1st day, lh. 18m. morning. 
First Quarter, 9th day, 4h. 12m. morning. 
Full Moon, 15th day, lOh. 44m. evening. 
Third Quarter, 22d day, 4h. 54m. evening. 



D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 

Rises, 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 






a. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Sat. 




7 17 


5 12 


sets. 


morn. 


2 


s 




7 16 


5 13 


6 39 


13 


3 


Mon. 




7 15 


5 14 


7 37 


49 


4 


Tues. 




7 13 


5 16 


8 36 


119 


5 


Wed. 




7 12 


5 17 


9 34 


150 


6 


Thur. 




7 11 


5 18 


10 34 


2 22 


7 


Frid. 




7 10 


5 20 


1135 


2 54 


8 


Sat. 




7 9 


5 21 


morn. 


3 27 


9 


S 


J. Farley, Ipswich, d. 1850, a. 73. 


7 7 


5 22 


38 


4 5 


10 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Cambridge, crim. 


7 6 


5 23 


142 


4 50 


11 


Tues. 




7 5 


5 25 


2 47 


5 49 


12 


Wed. 




7 4 


5 26 


3 52 


7 5 


13 


Thur. 


Moses Dorman, Boxford, d. 1850, a.84. 


7 2 


5 27 


4 54 


8 26 


14 


Frid. 




7 1 


5 29 


5 50 


9 42 


15 


Sat. 


Amos Martin, Attleboro', d. 1850,a.96. 


7 


5 30 


rises. 


10 41 


16 


s 




6 58 


5 31 


6 25 


1131 


IT 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Northampton. 


6 57 


5 33 


7 42 


ev.21 


18 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Dedham, Jury Term. 


6 55 


5 34 


8 56 


1 7 


19 


Wed. 




6 54 


5 35 


10 8 


152 


20 


Thur. 




6 52 


5 36 


1117 


2 36 


21 


Frid. 




6 51 


5 38 


morn. 


3 17 


22 


Sat. 




6 49 


5 39 


24 


4 1 


23 


S 




6 48 


5 40 


128 


4 48 


24 


Mon. 


C. C.P. Lenox. 


6 46 


5 42 


2 27 


5 47 


25 


Tues. 




6 45 


5 43 


3 22 


7 3 


26 


Wed. 




6 43 


5 44 


412 


8 25 


27 


Thur. 




6 42 


5 45 


4 56 


9 43 


28 


Frid. 




6 4C 


5 46 


5 35 


10 38 



3d month.] MARCH, 1851. [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


New Moon, 2d day, 8h. 31m. evening. 


First Quarter, 10th day, 5h. lm. evening. 


Full Moon, 17th day, 8h. 35m. morning. 


Third Quarter, 24th day, 8h. 42m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 
Sets. 


Moon 
Rises. 


High 
Water. 






l. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Sat. 




6 38 


5 48 


6 9 


1118 


2 


S 




6 37 


5 49 


sets. 


1154 


3 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Worcester. 


6 35 


5 50 


6 30 


morn. 


4 


Tues. 


S. J C. Boston, Law Term. 


6 33 


5 51 


7 28 


26 


5 


Wed. 




6 32 


5 53 


8 28 


56 


6 


Thur. 




6 30 


5 54 


9 28 


124 


7 


Frid. 




6 28 


5 55 


10 30 


155 


8 


Sat. 




6 27 


5 56 


1132 


2 26 


9 


s 


Hon.F.Winship, Brighton,d.l850,a.64. 


6 25 


5 57 


morn. 


2 57 


10 


Mon. 


{ C. C. P. Concord, Taunton, and 
\ Springfield. 


6 23 


5 59 


36 


3 35 


11 


Tues. 


6 22 


6 


139 


4 18 


12 


Wed. 




6 20 


6 1 


2 40 


5 13 


13 


Thur. 


R«v. D. Long, Milford, d. 1850, a. 78. 


6 18 


6 2 


3 37 


6 32 


14 


Frid. 




6 17 


6 3 


4 28 


8 1 


15 


Sat. 




6 15 


6 4 


5 13 


9 24 


16 


S 




6 13 


6 6 


553 


10 27 


17 


Mon. 


C. C.P.Salem, Greenfield. 


6 11 


6 7 


rises. 


1117 


18 


Tues. 


Maj. A. Stone, Goshen, d. 1850, a. 93. 


6 10 


6 8 


7 43 


ev. 3 


19 


Wed. 




6 8 


6 9 


8 56 


47 


20 


Thur. 




6 6 


6 10 


10 7 


128 


21 


Frid. 




6 4 


6 11 


1114 


2 9 


22 


Sat. 


J. Parker, Southboro', d. 1850. 


6 3 


6 12 


morn. 


2 49 


23 


S 




6 1 


6 14 


18 


3 29 


24 


Mon. 




5 59 


6 15 


116 


4 14 


25 


Tues. 


Ph. Carroll, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 71. 


5 57 


6 16 


2 9 


5 8 


26 


Wed. 




5 56 


6 17 


2 55 


6 25 


27 


Thur. 


( J. Lyman, D.D., Northampton, d. 
\ 1828, a. 79. 


5 54 


6 18 


3 36 


7 52 


28 


Frid. 




5 52 


6 19 


4 11 


9 10 


29 


Sat. 




5 50 


6 20 


4 43 


10 10 


30 


S 




5 49 


6 21 


5 12 


10 51 


31 


Mon. 




5 47 


6 23 


5 38 


1124 



4th month.] APRIL, 1851. [30 days. 


moon's phases. 


New Moon, 1st day, lh. 49m. evening. 


First Quarter, 9th day, 2h. 18m. morning. 


Full Moon, 15th day, 5h. 51m. evening. 


Third Quarter, 23d day, 2h. 14m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sua 
Rises. 


Sun 

Sets. 


Moon 
Sets. 


High 
Water. 








h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Tues. 


C. C. P. Boston. 


5 45 


6 24 


sets. 


1155 


2 


Wed. 




5 43 


6 25 


7 22 


morn. 


3 


Thur. 




5 42 


6 26 


8 23 


25 


4 


Frid. 




5 40 


6 27 


9 26 


55 


5 


Sat. 




5 38 


6 28 


10 30 


127 


6 


s 




5 37 


6 29 


1133 


159 


7 


Mon. 




5 35 


6 30 


morn. 


2 34 


8 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Lowell ; C. C. P. Barnstable. 


5 33 


6 31 


34 


3 12 


9 


Wed. 




5 32 


6 33 


131 


3 56 


10 


Thur. 




5 30 


6 34 


2 22 


4 57 


11 


Frid. 




5 28 


6 35 


3 8 


6 16 


12 


Sat. 




5 27 


6 36 


3 48 


7 47 


13 


S 




5 25 


6 37 


4 24 


9 8 


14 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Plymouth. 


5 23 


6 38 


4 57 


10 9 


15 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Worcester and Greenfield,J.T. 


5 22 


6 39 


rises. 


10 57 


16 


Wed. 




5 20 


6 40 


7 43 


1139 


17 


Thur. 




5 18 


6 41 


8 54 


ev. 23 


18 


Frid. 




5 17 


6 43 


10 1 


1 4 


19 


Sat. 




5 15 


6 44 


114 


143 


20 


S 




5 14 


6 45 


morn. 


2 22 


21 


Mon. 




5 12 


6 46 


1 


3 4 


22 


Tues. 


S. J.C.Northampton and Taunton, J.T. 


5 11 


6 47 


51 


3 46 


23 


Wed. 




5 9 


6 48 


134 


4 37 


24 


Thur. 


Rev. J. Parker, Plympton, d.l776,a.70. 


5 8 


6 49 


2 12 


5 46 


25 


Frid. 




5 6 


6 50 


2 45 


7 8 


26 


Sat. 


Wm. Ashley, Sheffield, d. 1849, a. 74. 


5 5 


6 51 


3 14 


8 23 


27 


S 




5 3 


6 53 


3 42 


9 28 


28 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Dedham. 


5 2 


6 54 


4 8 


10 11 


29 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Ipswich and Springfield, J. T. 


5 


6 5b 


4 35 


10 48 


30 


Wed. 




4 59 


Q56 


5 


1123 



5th month.] MAY, 1851. [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


New Moon, 1st day, 4h. 18m. morning. 


First Quarter, 8th day, 8h. 50m. morning. 


Full Moon, loth day, 3h. 21m. morning. 


'Third Quarter, 22d day, 8h. 21m. evening. 


New Moon, 30th day, 4h. 3m. evening. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 
Sets 


Moon. 
Sets. 


High 
Water. 








h. m. 


h m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Thur. 




4 58 


6 57 


sets. 


1154 


2 


Frid. 




4 56 


6 58 


8 22 


morn. 


3 


Sat. 




4 55 


6 59 


9 27 


29 


4 


s 




4 54 


7 


10 30 


1 1 


5 


Mon. 




4 52 


7 1 


1128 


137 


6 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Barnstable, J. T. 


4 51 


7 2 


morn. 


2 14 


7 


Wed. 


John Brazer, Boston, d. 1828, a. 75. 


4 50 


7 3 


21 


2 57 


8 


Thur. 




4 49 


7 5 


108 


3 47 


9 


Frid. 




4 48 


7 6 


148 


4 49 


10 


Sat. 




4 46 


7 7 


2 24 


6 8 


11 


s 




4 45 


7 8 


2 57 


7 30 


12 


Mon. 




4 44 


7 9 


3 29 


8 45 


13 


Tues. 


3. J. C. Lenox and Plymouth, J. T. 


4 43 


710 


4 


9 42 


14 


Wed. 




4 42 


711 


4 32 


10 31 


15 


Thur. 




4 41 


712 


rises. 


1117 


16 


Frid. 




4 40 


713 


8 48 


ev. 2 


17 


Sat. 




4 39 


714 


9 48 


41 


18 


S 




4 38 


715 


10 43 


121 


19 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Springfield, crim. 


4 37 


716 


1130 


2 1 


20 


Tues. 




4 36 


717 


morn. 


2 41 


21 


Wed. 


Sam'l Friend, Gloucester, d.l850 5 a.68. 


4 35 


718 


11 


3 22 


22 


Thur. 




4 34 


719 


46 


4 12 


23 


Frid. 


( Dea. Jos. Billings, Northampton, d. 


4 34 


7 20 


117 


5 6 


24 


Sat. 


{ 1850, a. 74. 


4 33 


7 21 


144 


6 14 


25 


s 




4 32 


7 22 


2 10 


7 26 


26 

27 


Mon. 

Tues. 


( C. C. P. Edgartown ; Worcester and 
\ Newburyport, crim. 


4 31 
4 31 


7 22 
7 23 


2 36 

3 2 


8 27 

9 23 


28 


Wed. 




4 30 


7 24 


3 29 


10 6 


29 


Thur. 




4 29 


7 25 


4 


10 45 


30 


Frid. 




4 29 


7 26 


sets. 


1123 


31 


Sat. 


Dan'l Potter, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 79. 


4 28 


7 27 


8 20 


morn. 



6th month.] JUNE, 1851. [30 days. 


moon's phases. 


First Quarter, 6th day, lh. 44m. evening. 


Full Moon, 13th day, 2h. Om. evening. 


Third Quarter, 21st day, lh. 51m. evening. 


New Moon, 29th day, lh. 41m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 






h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


S 


J. T. Ellis, Plympton, d. 1850 a. 60. 


4 28 


7 27 


9 22 


3 


2 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Northampton, Nantucket. 


4 27 


7 28 


10 18 


40 


3 


Tues. 




4 27 


7 29 


11 8 


121 


4 


Wed. 




4 27 


7 29 


11 51 


2 4 


5 


Thur. 


' 


4 26 


7 30 


morn. 


2 49 


6 


Frid. 




4 26 


7 31 


28 


3 45 


7 


Sat. 




4 26 


7 31 


1 1 


4 44 


8 


S 




4 25 


7 32 


132 


5 54 


9 


Mon. 


( C. C. P. Concord, Springfield, and 


4 25 


7 33 


2 2 


7 7 


10 


Tues. 


\ New Bedford. 
Dr. N. Miller, Franklin, d. 1850, a. 80. 


4 25 


7 33 


2 33 


8 14 


11 


Wed. 




4 25 


7 34 


3 5 


9 16 


12 


Thur. 


3. Parsons, Granville, d. 1850, a. 94. 


4 24 


7 34 


3 41 


10 10 


13 


Frid. 




4 24 


7 35 


rises. 


10 59 


14 


Sat. 




4 24 


7 35 


8 33 


1143 


15 


S 




4 24 


7 36 


9 23 


ev.26 


16 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Worcester, Ipswich. 


4 24 


7 36 


10 7 


1 5 


17 


Tues. 




4 24 


7 36 


10 45 


143 


18 


Wed. 




4 24 


7 37 


1118 


2 22 


19 


Thur. 




4 25 


7 37 


1147 


3 1 


20 


Frid. 




4 25 


7 37 


morn. 


3 43 


21 


Sat. 




4 25 


7 38 


13 


4 28 


22 


s 




4 25 


7 38 


38 


5 20 


23 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Concord, crim; Lenox, civil. 


4 25 


7 38 


1 3 


6 23 


24 


Tues. 




4 26 


7 38 


130 


7 24 


25 


Wed. 




4 26 


7 38 


158 


8 23 


26 


Thur. 




4 26 


7 38 


2 31 


9 22 


27 


Frid. 




4 27 


7 38 


3 9 


10 11 


28 


Sat. 




4 27 


7 38 


3 54 


10 55 


29 


s 




4 27 


7 38 


sets. 


1140 


30 


Mon. 




4 28 


7 38 


9 2 


morn. 



7th month.] JULY, 1851. [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


First Quarter, 5th day, 6h. 24m. evening. 


Full Moon, 13th day, 2h. 30m. morning. 


Third Quarter, 21st day, 5h. 55m. morning. 


New Moon, 28th day, 9h. 56m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 

Kises. 


Sun 
Kises. 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 








h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Tues. 


C. C. P. Boston; S. J. C. Nant'ket, J.T. 


4 28 


7 38 


9 49 


26 


2 


Wed. 




4 29 


7 38 


10 29 


111 


3 


Thur. 




4 29 


7 38 


11 4 


156 


4 


Frid. 




4 30 


7 38 


1136 


2 44 


5 


Sat. 




4 31 


7 37 


morn. 


3 36 


6 


S 




4 31 


7 37 


6 


4 32 


7 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Lenox, criminal. 


4 32 


7 37 


36 


5 33 


8 


Tues. 




4 32 


7 37 


1 8 


6 39 


9 


Wed. 


Asa Potter, Ipswich, d. 1850, a. 52. 


4 33 


7 36 


142 


7 44 


lOThur. 




4 34 


7 36 


2 20 


8 51 


11 Frid. 




4 34 


7 35 


3 2 


9 50 


12 Sat, 




4 35 


7 35 


3 50 


10 42 


13 


S 




4 36 


7 34 


rises. 


11 30 


14 


Mon. 


Amos Ford, Windsor, d. 1850, a. 85. 


4 37 


7 34 


8 43 


ev.12 


15 


Tues. 


Sam. Smith, Ipswich, d. 1850, a. 87. 


4 38 


7 33 


9 18 


51 


16 


Wed. 




4 38 


7 32 


9 48 


126 


17 


Thur. 




4 39 


7 32 


10 16 


2 1 


18 


Frid. 




4 40 


7 31 


10 41 


2 36 


19 


Sat. 




4 41 


7 30 


11 6 


3 13 


20 


S 




4 42 


7 30 


1131 


3 50 


21 


Mon. 




4 43 


7 29 


1158 


4 33 


22 


Tues. 




4 44 


7 28 


morn. 


5 22 


23 


Wed. 




4 44 


7 27 


28 


6 25 


24 


Thur. 


Aaron Jewett, Ipswich, d. 1850, a. 63. 


4 45 


7 26 


1 2 


7 30 


25 


Frid. 


D. P. King, Danvers, d. 1850, a. 49. 


4 46 


7 25 


143 


8 36 


26 


Sat. 




4 47 


7 24 


2 32 


9 40 


27 


$ 




4 48 


7 23 


3 31 


10 33 


28 


Mon. 




4 49 


7 22 


sets. 


1125 


29 


Tues. 


Sam. Leland, Ashland, d. 1850, a 66. 


4 50 


7 21 


8 24 


morn. 


30 


Wed. 




4 51 


7 20 


9 3 


13 


31 


Thur. 




4 52 


7 19 


9 37 


59 



8th month.] AUGUST, 1851. ' [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


First Quarter, 4th day, Oh. 23m. morning. 


Full Moon, 11th day, 4h. 59m. evening. 


Third Quarter, 19th day, 8h. 14m. evening. 


New Moon, 26th day, 5h. 36m. evening. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Kises. 


Sun 

Rises. 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 






h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Frid. 


M. Warner, N'thampton, d. 1828, a.74. 


4 53 


7 18 


10 9 


143 


2 


Sat. 




4 54 


7 17 


10 39 


2 31 


3 


$ 




4 55 


7 16 


1110 


3 18 


4 


Mon. 




4 56 


7 15 


1144 


4 9 


5 


Tues. 




4 57 


7 13 


morn. 


5 1 


6 


Wed. 




4 58 


7 12 


20 


6 


7 


Thur. 


Timo. Morse, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 65. 


4 59 


7 11 


1 1 


7 13 


8 


Frid. 




5 


7 10 


147 


8 27 


9 


Sat. 


Jesse Bradley, Lee, d. 1850, a. 86. 


5 1 


7 8 


2 38 


9 39 


10 


s 




5 2 


7 7 


3 32 


10 34 


11 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Greenfield, Plymouth. 


5 3 


7 6 


rises. 


1120 


12 


Tues. 




5 4 


7 4 


7 50 


1157 


13 


Wed. 


Mrs. J. Pomroy, War'ich, d. 1850, a.65. 


5 6 


7 3 


8 18 


ev.34 


14 


Thur. 




5 7 


7 2 


8 44 


1 7 


15 


Frid. 




5 8 


7 


9 09 


136 


16 


Sat. 




5 9 


6 59 


9 34 


2 9 


17 


S 




5 10 


6 57 


9 59 


2 41 


18 


Mon. 




5 11 


6 56 


10 27 


3 13 


19 


Tues. 




5 12 


6 54 


10 59 


3 52 


20 


Wed. 




5 13 


6 53 


1136 


4 33 


21 


Thur. 




5 14 


6 51 


morn. 


5 28 


22 


Frid. 




5 15 


6 50 


19 


6 42 


23 


Sat. 


Amos Jewett, Ipswich, d. 1850, a. 43. 


5 16 


6 48 


112 


8 


24 


s 


D. Dickinson, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 72. 


5 17 


6 47 


2 14 


9 16 


25 


Mon. 




5 18 


6 45 


3 24 


10 15 


26 


Tues. 




5 19 


6 43 


sets. 


1110 


27 


Wed. 




5 20 


6 42 


7 33 


1157 


28 


Thur. 


John D. Williams, d. 1848. 


5 21 


6 40 


8 6 


morn. 


29 


Frid. 


Rev. E. Smith, Boylston, d. 1849, a. 2ft 


5 22 


6 38 


8 38 


41 


30 


Sat. 




5 24 


6 37 


9 10 


1 26 


31 


S 




5 25 


6 35 


9 43 


2 11 



9th month.] SEPTEMBER, 1851. [30 days. 


moon's phases. 


First Quarter, 2d day, 9h. 9m. morning. 


Full Moon, 10th day, 9h. Om. morning. 


Third Quarter, 18th day, 8h. 45m. morning. 


New Moon, 25th day, Ih. 28m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Eises. 


Sun 
Sets. 


Moon 1 High 
Sets. | Water. 








h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Worcester, civil, and Lowell. 


5 26 


6 33 


10 19 


2 54 


2 


Tues. 


8.J.C. Springfield, J.T. Barnstable, civ. 


5 27 


6 32 


11 


3 38 


q 


Wed. 


New Style commenced 1752. 


5 28 


6 30 


1144 


4 27 


4 


Thur. 


Hudson river discov. by Hudson, 1609. 


5 29 


6 28 


morn. 


5 24 


5 


Frid. 


1st Congress, 1774. 


5 30 


6 27 


34 


6 41 


6 


Sat, 


Lafayette born, 1757. 


5 31 


6 25 


127 


8 04 


7 


S 


Sam'l Jones, Gill, d. 1850, a. 86. 


5 32 


6 23 


2 24 


9 21 


8 


Mon. 


J. B. Glover, d. 1849, a. 44. 


5 33 


6 22 


3 22 


10 18 


9 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Lenox, L. T.; Greenfield, J. T. 


5 34 


6 20 


4 21 


11 1 


10 


Wed. 


Reuben Guild, Dedham, d. 1850, a. 86. 


5 35 


6 18 


rises. 


1139 


11 


Thur. 




5 36 


6 16 


7 13 


ev.10 


12 


Frid. 




5 37 


6 15 


7 38 


40 


13 Sat. 




5 38 


6 13 


8 3 


1 9 


14 


s 




5 39 


6 11 


8 29 


140 


15 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Newburyport, Dedham. 


5 40 


6 9 


8 59 


2 8 


16 


Tues. 


Sol. Strong, Leominster, d. 1850, a.70 


5 41 


6 8 


9 33 


2 39 


17 


Wed. 


A. Buck, Lanesboro', d. 1847, a. 92. 


5 42 


6 6 


10 13 


3 15 


18 


Thur. 




5 44 


6 4 


11 


3 56 


19 


Frid. 




5 45 


6 2 


1156 


4 49 


20 


Sat. 




5 46 


6 1 


morn. 


6 5 


21 


s 


J. Tracy, Lanesboro', d. 1847, a. 70. 


5 47 


5 59 


1 1 


7 35 


22 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Worcester, criminal. 


5 48 


5 57 


2 12 


9 


23 


Tues. 


{ S. J.C. Northampton, L. T. for Go's. 
( Hampshire, Franklin, & Hampden. 


5 49 


5 55 


3 27 


10 


24 


Wed. 


J. Huggins, Sheffield, d. 1849, a. 87. 


5 50 


5 53 


sets. 


10 52 


25 


Thur. 




5 51 


5 52 


6 33 


1136 


26 


Frid. 




5 52 


5 50 


7 6 


morn. 


27 


Sat. 




5 53 


5 48 


7 39 


20 


28 


S 




5 54 


5 46 


8 15 


1 4 


2S 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Edgartown. 


5 56 


5 44 


8 55 


146 


3C 


Tues. 


S. J. C.Worcester, Law Term. 


5 57 


5 43 


9 39 


2 27 



10th month.] OCTOBER, 1851. [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


First Quarter, 1st day, 9h. 46m. evening. 


Full Moon, 10th day, lh. 49m. morning. 


Third Quarter, 17th day, 7h. 29m. evening. 


New Moon, 24th day, lOh. 26m. morning. 


First Quarter, 31st day, 2h. 34m. evening. 


i>. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 
Sets. 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 








h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Wed. 


Rev.A.Williams, Dudley, d. 1850,a.75. 


5 58 


5 41 


10 27 


3 8 


2 


Thur. 




5 59 


5 39 


1121 


3 55 


3 


Frid. 




6 


5 37 


morn. 


4 53 


4 


Sat. 




6 1 


5 36 


17 


6 11 


5 


s 




6 2 


5 34 


115 


7 37 


6 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Nantucket 


6 3 


5 32 


2 14 


8 56 


7 


Tues. 


C. C. P. Boston. 


6 5 


5 31 


3 13 


9 55 


8 


Wed. 




6 6 


5 29 


4 12 


10 34 


9 


Thur. 




6 7 


5 27 


rises. 


1110 


10 


Frid. 




6 8 


5 26 


6 7 


1138 


11 


Sat. 




6 9 


5 24 


6 33 


ev. 8, 


12 


s 




6 10 


5 22 


7 1 


38 


13 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Springfield and Ipswich ,crim. 


6 11 


5 21 


7 33 


1 9 


14 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Cambridge, Law Term. 


6 13 


5 19 


8 11 


140 


15 


Wed. 




6 14 


5 17 


8 55 


2 12 


16 


Thur. 




6 15 


5 16 


9 47 


2 48 


17 


Frid. 




6 16 


5 14 


10 46 


3 32 


18 


Sat. 




6 17 


5 13 


1153 


4 27 


19 


S 




6 19 


511 


morn. 


5 43 


20 


Mon. 




6 20 


5 9 


1 4 


7 16 


21 


Tues. 


( S. J. C. Plymouth, L. T. for Co's of 


6 21 


5 8 


2 18 


8 41 


22 


Wed. 


( Bristol, Plym., Barnstable,& Dukes. 


6 22 


5 6 


3 34 


9 40 


23 


Thur. 


J. E. Leach,Bridgewater, d. 1849,a. 24. 


6 23 


5 5 


4 50 


10 29 


24 


Frid. 




6 25 


5 3 


sets. 


1113 


25 


Sat. 




6 26 


5 2 


6 7 


1157 


26 


S 




6 27 


5 


6 46 


morn. 


27 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Lenox. 


6 28 


4 59 


7 29 


41 


28 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Dedham, Law Term. 


6 30 


4 58 


8 17 


121 


29 


Wed. 




6 31 


4 56 


9 10 


2 2 


30 


Thur. 




6 32 


4 55 


10 7 


2 44 


31 


Frid. 




6 33 


4 54 


11 5 


3 29 



11th month.] NOVEMBER, 1851. [30 days. 


moon's phases. 


Full Moon, 8th day, 6h. 37m. evening. 


Third Quarter, 16th day, 4h. 38m. morning. 


New Moon, 22d day, 9h. 22m. evening. 


First Quarter, 30th day, lOh. 43m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sun 

Sets. 


Moon 

Sets. 


High 
Water. 




h. m. 


h. m. 


h. in. 


h. m. 


1 


Sat. 


Gen. G. Foster, Danvers, d. 1845, a. 96. 


6 35 


4 52 


morn. 


4 22 


2 


s 




6 36 


4 51 


5 


5 31 


3 


Mon. 




6 37 


4 50 


1 4 


6 56 


4 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Salem, Law Terra. 


6 38 


4 48 


2 3 


8 14 


5 


Wed. 




6 40 


4 47 


3 2 


9 18 


6 


Thur. 




6 41 


4 46 


4 1 


10 


7 


Frid. 




6 42 


4 45 


5 1 


10 35 


8 


Sat. 


Asa Hoskins, Sheffield, d. 1849, a 61. 


6 44 


4 44 


rises. 


11 8 


9 


s 




6 45 


4 43 


5 35 


1139 


10 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Greenfield. 


6 46 


4 42 


6 10 


ev.13 


11 


Tues. 


S. J. C. Boston; N.Bedford,Jury Term. 


6 47 


4 41 


6 53 


45 


12 


Wed. 


J. P. Archer, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 30. 


6 49 


4 40 


7 42 


117 


13 


Thur. 




6 50 


4 39 


8 39 


152 


14 


Frid. 




6 51 


4 38 


9 43 


2 33 


15 


Sat. 




6 52 


4 37 


10 51 


3 21 


16 


s 




6 54 


4 36 


morn. 


4 17 


17 


Mon. 




6 55 


4 35 


2 


5 27 


18 


Tues. 


Nancy Glover, Boston, d. 1814, - a. 34. 


6 56 


4 34 


115 


6 54 


19 


Wed. 




6 57 


4 33 


2 28 


8 12 


20 


Thur. 




6 59 


4 32 


3 42 


9 14 


21 


Frid. 




7 


4 32 


4 56 


10 5 


22 


Sat. 




7 1 


4 31 


sets. 


10 53 


23 


s 




7 2 


4 30 


5 18 


1138 


24 


Mon. 




7 4 


4 30 


6 3 


morn. 


25 


Tues. 




7 5 


4 29 


6 55 


20 


26 


Wed. 




7 6 


4 29 


7.52 


1 1 


27 


Thur. 




7 7 


4 28 


8 51 


143 


28 


Frid. 




7 8 


4 28 


9 52 


2 25 


29 


Sat. 




7 9 


4 27 


10 52 


3 8 


30 


S 


Alex. Howes, Dennis, d. 1849, a. 60. 


7 11 


4 27 


1152 


3 55 



12th month.] DECEMBER, 1851. [31 days. 


moon's phases. 


Full Moon, 8th day, lOh. 43m. morning. 


Third Quarter, loth day, Oh. 42m. evening. 


New Moon, 22d day, lOh. 50m. morning. 


First Quarter, 30th clay, 8h. 31m. morning. 


D. 


w. 


EVENTS. 


Sun 
Rises. 


Sim 

Sets. 


Moon 
Sets. 


High 
Water. 




h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


h. m. 


1 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Springfield, Worcester, Plym. 


7 12 


4 26 


morn. 


4 49 


2 


Tues. 




7 13 


4 26 


51 


5 55 


3 


Wed. 




7 14 


4 26 


149 


7 9 


4 


Thur. 


Judah Sears, Dennis, d. 1849, a 71. 


7 15 


4 26 


2 49 


8 16 


5 


Frid. 




7 16 


4 25 


3 49 


9 11 


6 


Sat. 




7 17 


4 25 


4 51 


9 56 


7 


S 




7 18 


4 25 


5 55 


10 33 


8 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Cambridge, New Bedford, 


7 19 


4 25 


rises. 


1111 


9 


Tues. 




7 20 


4 25 


5 36 


1149 


10 


Wed. 




7 21 


4 25 


6 32 


ev.26 


11 


Thur. 




7 21 


4 25 


7 34 


1 3 


12 


Frid. 




7 22 


4 25 


8 42 


144 


13 


Sat. 




7 23 


4 25 


9 53 


2 26 


14 


s 




7 24 


4 26 


11 5 


3 15 


15 


Mon. 


C. C. P. Dedham, Lawrence. 


7 25 


4 26 


morn. 


4 11 


16 


Tues. 




7 25 


4 26 


17 


5 13 


17 


Wed. 




7 26 


4 26 


128 


6 26 


18 


Thur. 




7 27 


4 27 


2 40 


7 36 


19 


Frid. 




7 27 


4 27 


3 52 


8 46 


20 


Sat. 




7 28 


4 28 


5 3 


9 42 


21 


s . 




7 29 


4 28 


6 13 


10 33 


22 


Mon. 


D. Ellsworth, Ipswich, d. 1849, a. 83. 


7 29 


4 29 


sets. 


1123 


23 


Tues. 




7 30 


4 29 


5 36 


morn. 


24 


Wed. 




7 30 


4 30 


6 35 


8 


25 


Thur. 


Seth Austin, Sheffield, d. 1849, a. 70. 


7 30 


4 30 


7 36 


49 


26 


Frid. 




7 31 


4 31 


8 38 


130 


27 


Sat. 




7 31 


4 31 


9 38 


2 9 


28 


S 




7 31 


4 32 


10 38 


2 47 


29 


Mon. 




7 32 


4 33 


1137 


3 28 


30 


Tues. 




7 32 


4 34 


morn. 


4 10 


31 


Wed. 




7 32 


4 35 


35 


4 57 



STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



MASSACHUSETTS COUNTIES,* 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

Natick, Feb. 19, 1781. Natick. As belonging to Indians, it was 
called a district 1652. Incorporated as an English district 
Feb. 23, 1762. 

Boxborough,£/ Feb. 25, 1783. Parts of Stow, Harvard, and Lit- 
tleton. 

Tyngsborough/Z June 22, 1789. South and east parts of Dun- 
stable. Incorporated as a town Feb. 23, 1809. Tyngsborough 
was incorporated as a district to enable it to receive a donation 
from Mrs. Sarah Winslow, daughter of Ebenezer Tyng. 
It was named for her. 

Burlington, Feb. 24, 1799. Part of Woburn. 

Carlisle, Feb. 18, 1805. Part of Concord, Acton, Chelmsford, 
and Billerica. As such, it was incorporated by name of the 
District of Acton, April 28, 1780. Before 1780, Carlisle, as 
a part of Concord, was set off as a district April 19, 1754, but 
was dissolved in this relation, and reunited with Concord, 
Jan. 11, 1757. With reference to its first district state, it is 
called " Old Carlisle." 

Brighton, Feb. 24, 1807. Little Cambridge. South Parish of 
Cambridge. 

West Cambridge, Feb. 27, 1807. Menotomy. West Parish of 
Cambridge. 

South Beading, Feb. 25, 1812. South Parish in Beading. Set- 
tled about 1639. 

Lowell, March 1, 1826. Part of Chelmsford, including a portion 
of the Indian town, called Wamesit. Incorporated as a city, 
April 1, 1836. 

Someryille, March 3, 1842. Part of Charlestown. 

* Continued from p. 35, Vol. IV. By J. B. Felt, Esq. 
4* 



38 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 

Incorporated at the Session of May 7, 1662. Berkshire taken from it 
April 21,1761. 

Northampton, * || Oct. 18, 1654. Nonotuch or Norwottoch. Pur- 
chased of Indians 1653. General Court ordered, Nov. 10, 1770, 
that an island of " three or four acres of good improvable land, 
and about as much more that is likely to be fit for improve- 
ment, in Connecticut Eiver, and between Northampton and 
Hadley, to be sold to the highest bidder." 

Hadley, §|| May 22, 1661. Norwottoclc. Newtown. Ordered to 
be laid out for John Cullick and others, May 28, 1659, and 
settled shortly before this date. 

Hatfield, May 11, 1670. West part of Hadley. 

Pelham, Jan. 15, 1743. New Lisburne, or Stoddard's Town. Had 
forty families in 1742< 

Southampton,^ Jan. 5, 1753. Second Precinct of Northampton. 
Settled 1732. 

South Hadley,^ April 12, 1753. Second Precinct of Hadley. 
Settled as early as 1721. 

Greenwich, April 20, 1 754. Quabin. Part of Quabin granted to 
late proprietors of Narraganset No. 4, in N. H., Jan. 14, 1737 
Ministry established here 1749. 

Amherst, Feb. 13, 1759. East Hadley. Second Precinct of Had- 
ley. Church formed here 1739. 

Belchertown, June 30, 1761. Cold Spring. Ordered to be laid 
out June 24, 1731. Settled 1732. Named for Governor 
Jonathan Belcher. Belchertown, Ware, and Pelham, were 
contained in a Tract, called Equivalent lands, granted to Con- 
necticut in exchange for Woodstock, Somers, Enfield, and 
Suffield, while these towns were under the jurisdiction of Mas- 
sachusetts. 

Ware,^ Nov. 25, 1761. Ware River Parish. It contains Reed's 
Manor. Was connected with Palmer and Brookfield, and had 
thirty-three families in 1742. 

* These marks prefixed to dates after towns, signify * granted, f plat accepted, % set- 
tled, § change of original name, || uncertain as to the day of the month. The absence 
of any sign denotes the real date of incorporation, except otherwise stated under Remarks. 
When d is subjoined to certain towns, it signifies that they were incorporated as districts 
at the dates suffixed to them. The Indian names of towns are printed in italics, and their 
former English names in Koman letters. The new stylo is used in relation to years only. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 39 

Chesterfield, June 11, 1762. Andrews' Town, New Hingham, 
Narfaganset No. 4. 7286 acres of this town were granted, in 
part exchange for Narraganset No. 4, in N. H., Jan. 14, 1737, 
to John Foster and others. The rest was granted for service 
in Canada Expedition of 1690, under Capt. Andrews. Plat 
confirmed Jan. 15, 1739. A chief reason for the incorpora- 
tion of Chesterfield, was to avoid the perplexity of having its 
affairs conducted by two distinct bodies of proprietors, one 
called the Narraganset and the other Canada. 

Granby, June 11, 1768. Second Parish of South Hadley. Church 
formed here 1762. 

Worthington, June 30, 1768. Number 3. Sold by the Prov- 
ince to Aaron Willard and others, June 2, 1762, for £1,860. 

Williamsburgh,* April 24, 1771. Hatfield Addition. West part 
of Hatfield. Granted June, 1736, to volunteers from North- 
ampton, Hadley, Hatfield, and Deerfield, for service Feb. 29th, 
1 704, against Indians who had destroyed the last-named town. 

Norwich, June 29, 1773. Part of Murrayfield, and of No. 9, which 
was sold by Massachusetts 1762. 

Westhampton, Sept. 29, 1778. West part of Northampton. Set- 
tled about 1767. 

Cummingtoist, June 23, 1779. No. 5. Sold by the Province, June 2, 
1762, to Col. John Cummings of Concord, for whom it was 
named, and others, for £ 1,800. Settled 1770. 

Goshen, May 14, 1781. Chesterfield Gore, and north part of 
Chesterfield. 

Middlefield, March 12,1783. Part of Worthington, Murrayfield, 
Becket, Partridgefield, Washington, and of Prescott's Grant. 

Plainfield, June 15, 1807. Poritoosuck. North part of Cumming- 
ton. Church formed here 1786. Incorporated as a district, 
March 16, 1785. 

Easthampton, June 16, 1809. Pascomuck. Part of South and 
Northampton, settled about 1700. Incorporated as a district 
June 17, 1785. 

Enfield, Feb. 15, 1816. Part of Greenwich and Belchertown. 

Prescott, Jan. 28, 1822. Part of Pelham and New Salem. 

* It was proposed in General Court, 1779, that Williamsburgh have its name altered, 
because named for a person opposed to the liberties of our country. At the same time 
a like proposal was made, for a similar cause, relative to Bernardston, Murrayfield, 
Mansfield, Paxion, VYhately, Loudon, and Amherst. Ic was proposed to call Williams- 
burgh, Greensburgh or Hawley ; Kernardston, Putnamburgh or Randolph ; Murrayfield, 
Starkfield or Effingham ; Mansfield, Montgomery ; Whately, Trumbull ; Loudon, Fa- 
yette ; and Amherst, Hampden. 



40 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

In our first volume, we gave a complete list of the Governors of 
Massachusetts, from 1620 to 1847, with a brief sketch of Governor 
Carver. In the second, we gave sketches of the governors under the 
first charter, which were continued in the third and fourth volumes. 
We propose to continue, in this and in future volumes, brief sketches 
of each, in chronological order. We give also facsimiles of their auto- 
graphs, faithfully taken by N. B. Shurtleff, M. D., from original doc- 
uments. We are chiefly indebted, for the following notices, to the 
"American Biographical and Historical Dictionary" by W. Allen, A.M. 




aw/zn 




John Hancock, LL.D.,* Governor of Massachusetts, was the son 
of the reverend Mr. Hancock of Braintree, and was born about the 
year 1 73 7. He was graduated at Harvard college in 1 754. On the 
death of his uncle, Thomas Hancock, Esq., he received a very 
considerable fortune, and soon became an eminent merchant. In 
1766, he was chosen a member of the House of Representatives for 
Boston, with James Otis, Thomas Cushing, and Samuel Adams. The 
seizure of his sloop Liberty, in 1768, for evading the laws of trade, 
occasioned a riot, and several of the commissioners of the customs 
narrowly escaped with their lives. As the controversy with Great 
Britain assumed a more serious shape, and affairs were hastening to 
a crisis, Mr. Hancock evinced his attachment to the rights of his 
country. He was president of the provincial congress in 1774. On 
the twelfth of June of the following year, General Gage issued his 
proclamation, offering pardon to all the rebels, excepting Samuel 
Adams and John Hancock, " whose offences," it is declared, " are of 
too flagitious a nature to admit of any other consideration, than that 
of condign punishment." Mr. Hancock was at this time a member 
of the continental congress, of which he was chosen president on the 
twenty-fourth of May, in the place of Peyton Randolph, who was 
under the necessity of returning home. In this office, as the head 
of the illustrious congress of 1776, he signed the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. In consequence of the ill state of his health, he took his 

* This signature of Governor Hancock is taken from a document signed by him when 
one of the Selectmen of the town of Boston. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 41 

leave of congress in October, 1777, and received their thanks for 
his unremitted attention and steady impartiality in discharging the 
duties of his office. Henry Laurens was his successor. 

On the adoption of the present constitution of Massachusetts, he 
was chosen the first governor, in October, 1780, and was annually re- 
elected and continued in that office till February, 1785, when he 
resigned. In 1787, he was again chosen in the place of Mr. Bow- 
doin, and remained in the chair till his death, October 8, 1793, aged 
fifty-six years. His administration was very popular. It was appre- 
hended by some that, on his accession, the dignity of government 
would not be sufficiently maintained ; but his language on assuming 
the chair was manly and decisive, and by his moderation and lenity 
the civil convulsion was completely quieted without the shedding of 
blood by the hand of the civil magistrate. Fourteen persons, who 
received sentence of death, were pardoned. In his public speeches 
to the legislature, he acquitted himself with a degree of popular 
eloquence which is seldom equalled. In one of his last acts as gov- 
ernor, he supported in a dignified manner the sovereignty of the 
individual States. By a process commenced against Massachusetts 
in favor of William Vassal, Esq., he was summoned by a writ to 
answer to the prosecution in the court of the United States. But he 
declined the smallest concession which might lessen the independence 
of the State, whose interests were intrusted to his care, and he sup- 
ported his opinion with firmness and dignity. Litigations of this 
nature were soon afterwards precluded by an amendment of the 
constitution of the United States. 

Mr. Hancock is represented as not favored with extraordinary 
powers of mind, and as not honoring the sciences very much by his 
personal attentions. But he was easy in his address, polished in 
manners, affable, and liberal ; and, as president of congress, he exhib- 
ited a dignity, impartiality, quickness of conception, and constant 
attention to business, which secured him respect. As the chairman 
of a deliberative body, few could preside with such reputation. In 
the early periods of his public career, it has been said, that he was 
somewhat inconstant in his attachment to the cause of his country. 
Though this representation should be true ; yet, from the commence- 
ment of the war, the part which he took was decided and uniform, 
and his patriotic exertions are worthy of honorable remembrance. 
By the suavity of his manners and his insinuating address, he 
secured an almost unequalled popularity. He could speak with 
ease and propriety on every subject. Being considered as a repub- 
lican in principle, and a firm supporter of the cause of freedom, 
whenever he consented to be a candidate for governor, he was chosen 
to that office by an undisputed majority. In private life, he was 
charitable and generous. With a large fortune, he had also a dispo- 
sition to employ it for useful and benevolent purposes. The poor 
shared liberally in his bounty. He was also a generous benefactor 



42 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

of Harvard college. He published an oration, which he delivered, 
on the Boston massacre, 1774.* 



t^m^f^jQUrtfa*^ 



James Bowdoin, LL.D., Governor of Massachusetts, and a phi- 
losopher and statesman, -was born in Boston, August 18, 1727, and 
was the son of William Bowdoin, an eminent merchant. His father 
was a native of France, and after the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes, he fled among the persecuted protestants of that country, 
first to Ireland, and afterwards to New England in 1 688. He landed at 
Falmouth, now Portland, in Casco bay, and after continuing there 
about two years, removed to Boston in 1690. It is remarkable, that 
the day after his removal all the inhabitants of Casco bay were cut 
off by the Indians. He was a stranger, and his property was small ; 
but, by his enterprise and persevering industry, he at length acquired 
an immense estate. 

Mr. Bowdoin was graduated at Harvard college in 1745. During 
his residence at the University, he was distinguished by his genius and 
unwearied application to his studies, while his modesty, politeness, and 
benevolence gave his friends assurance that his talents would not be 
prostituted, nor his future eminence employed for the promotion of 
unworthy ends. When he arrived at the age of twenty-one years, 
he came in possession of an ample fortune, left him by his father, 
who died September 4, 1747. He was now in a situation the most 
threatening to his literary and moral' improvement, for one great mo- 
tive which impels men to exertion could have no influence upon him, 
and his great wealth put it completely in his power to gratify the 
giddy desires of youth. But his life had hitherto been regular, and 
he now, with the maturity of wisdom, adopted a system which was 
most rational, pleasing, and useful. He determined to combine with 
the enjoyments of domestic and social life, a course of study which 
should enlarge and perfect the powers of his mind. At the age of 
twenty-two years he married a daughter of John Irving, Esq., and 
commenced a system of literary and scientific research, to which he 
adhered through life. 

In the year 1753, the citizens of Boston elected him one of their 
representatives in the General Court, where his learning and elo- 
quence soon rendered him conspicuous. He continued in this station 
until 1756, when he was chosen into the Council, in which body he 
was long known and respected. With uniform ability and patriotism 
he advocated the cause of his country. In the disputes which laid 

* Thacher's Sermon on his death ; Gordon, i. 208, 231 ; ii. 31 ; iii. 18-21, 498 ; War- 
ren, i. 212-215, 430; Minot's Hist. Insurrection, 179, 184 ; Mass. Mercury, Oct. 1J. 
1793 ; Holmes' Annals, ii. 315 5 Brissot, Nouv. Voy. i. 152. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 43 

the foundation of the American Revolution, his writings and exertions 
were eminently useful. Governors Bernard and Hutchinson were 
constrained to confess, in their confidential letters to the British min- 
istry, the weight of his opposition to their measures. In 1769, Ber- 
nard negatived him, when he was chosen a member of the Council, 
in consequence of which the inhabitants of Boston again elected him 
their representative in 1770. Hutchinson, who in this year succeed- 
ed to the governor's chair, permitted him to take a seat at the Coun- 
cil Board, because, said he, in his official letters, " his opposition to our 
measures will be less injurious in the Council, than in the House of 
Representatives." In the year 1775, a year most critical and impor- 
tant to America, he was chosen President of the Council of Massachu- 
setts, and he continued in that office the greater part of the time till 
the adoption of the State constitution in 1780. He was president of 
the convention which formed it ; and some of its important articles 
are the result of his knowledge of government. 

In the year 1785, after the resignation of Hancock, he was chosen 
governor of Massachusetts, and he was reelected the following year. 
In this office, his wisdom, firmness, and inflexible integrity were con- 
spicuous. He was placed at the head of the government at the most 
unfortunate period after the Revolution. The sudden influx of foreign 
luxuries had exhausted the country of its specie, while the heavy 
taxes of the war yet burdened the people. This state of suffering 
awakened discontent, and the spirit of disorder was cherished by 
unlicensed conventions, who arranged themselves against the legisla- 
ture. One great subject of complaint was the administration of jus- 
tice. Against lawyers and courts the strongest resentments were 
manifested. In many instances, the judges were restrained by mobs 
from proceeding in the execution of their duty. As the insurgents 
became more audacious from the lenient measures of the govern- 
ment, and were organizing themselves for the subversion of the con- 
stitution, it became necessary to suppress by force the spirit of in- 
surrection. Governor Bowdoin accordingly ordered into service 
upwards of four thousand of the militia, who were placed under the 
command of the veteran General Lincoln. As the public treasury 
did not afford the means of putting the troops in motion, a number 
of the citizens of Boston, with the governor at the head of the list, 
subscribed in a few hours a sufficient sum to carry on the proposed 
expedition. This decisive step rescued the government from the 
contempt into which it was sinking, and was the means of saving the 
Commonwealth. The dangerous insurrection of Shays was thus 
completely quelled. 

In the year 1787, Governor Bowdoin was succeeded by Hancock, 
in consequence probably of the exertions of the discontented, who 
might hope for greater clemency from another chief magistrate. He 
died in Boston, after a distressing sickness of three months, Novem- 
ber 6, 1790, in the sixty-fourth year of his age. 



44 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Governor Bowdoin was a learned man, and a constant and gen- 
erous friend of literature. He subscribed liberally for the restora- 
tion of the library of Harvard college in the year 1764, when it was 
consumed by fire. He was chosen a Fellow of the Corporation in the 
year 1779, but the pressure of more important duties induced him 
to resign this office in 1784. He ever felt, however, an affectionate 
regard for the interests of the college, and bequeathed it four 
hundred pounds, the interest of which was to be applied to the dis- 
tribution of premiums among the students, for the encouragement of 
useful and polite literature. The American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, incorporated at Boston, May 4, 1780, at a time when our 
country was in the deepest distress, was formed under his influence, 
and was an object of his constant attention. He was chosen its first 
president, and he continued in that office till his death. He was 
esteemed by its members as the pride and ornament of their institu- 
tion. To this body he bequeathed one hundred pounds and his 
valuable library, consisting of upwards of twelve hundred volumes 
upon every branch of science, and in almost every language. He 
was also one of the founders and the president of the Massachusetts 
Bank, and of the Humane Society of Massachusetts. The literary 
character of Governor Bowdoin gained him those honors which are 
usually conferred on men distinguished for their literary attainments. 
He was constituted Doctor of Laws by the University of Edinburgh, 
and was elected a member of the Royal societies of London and 
Dublin. 

He was deeply convinced of the truth and excellence of Christian- 
ity, and it had a constant effect upon his life. He was for more than 
thirty years an exemplary member of the church in Brattle street, 
to the poor of which congregation he bequeathed a hundred pounds. 
His charities were abundant. He respected the injunctions of the 
gospel of Jesus Christ, which he professed. He knew the pleasures 
and advantages of family devotion, and he conscientiously observed 
the Christian Sabbath, presenting himself habitually in the holy 
temple, that he might be instructed in religious duty, and might 
unite with the worshippers of God. In his dying addresses to his 
family and servants, he recommended the Christian religion to them 
as of transcendent importance, and assured them that it was the 
only foundation of peace and happiness in life and death. As the 
hour of his departure approached, he expressed his satisfaction in 
the thought of going to the full enjoyment of God and his Redeemer. 

Governor Bowdoin published a philosophical discourse, publicly 
addressed to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston, 
November 8, 1780, when he was inducted into the office of president. 
This is prefixed to the first volume of the Memoirs of the Academy. 
In this work, he also published several other productions, which man- 
ifest no common taste and talents in astronomical inquiries. The 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 45 

following are the titles of them : Observations upon an Hypothesis 
for solving the Phenomena of Light, with Incidental Observations 
tending to show the heterogeneousness of Light, and of the Electric 
Fluid, by their union with each other ; Observations on Light and the 
waste of Matter in the Sun and Fixed Stars, occasioned by the con- 
stant Efflux of Light from them ; Observations tending to prove, by 
Phenomena and Scripture, the existence of an Orb, which surrounds 
the whole Material System, and which may be necessary to preserve 
it from the ruin, to which, without such a counterbalance, it seems 
liable, by that universal principle in matter, Gravitation. He sup- 
poses, that the blue expanse of the sky is a real concave body 
encompassing all visible nature, that the milky way and the lucid 
spots in the heavens are gaps in this orb, through which the light of 
exterior orbs reaches us, and that thus an intimation may be given 
of orbs on orbs and systems on systems innumerable, and inconceiv- 
ably grand.* 



Samuel Adams, Governor of Massachusetts, and a most distin- 
guished patriot in the American Revolution, was born in Boston, of a 
reputable family, September 27, 1722. He was graduated at Har- 
vard college in 1740. When he commenced Master of Arts in 1743, 
he proposed the following question for discussion : Whether it be 
lawful to resist the supreme magistrate, if the commonwealth cannot 
otherwise be preserved ? He maintained the affirmative, and thus 
early showed his attachment to the liberties of the people. 

Early distinguished by talents as a writer, his first attempts were 
proofs of his filial piety. By his efforts, he preserved the estate of 
his father, which had been attached on account of an engagement in 
the land-bank bubble. He was known as a political writer during 
the administration of Shirley, to which he was opposed, as he thought 
the union of so much civil and military power in one man was dan- 
gerous. His ingenuity, wit, and profound argument are spoken of 
with the highest respect by those who were contemporary with him. 
At this early period, he laid the foundation of public confidence and 
esteem. 

In 1765, he was elected a member of the General Assembly of Mas- 
sachusetts, in the place of Oxenbridge Thacher, Esq., deceased. He 
was soon chosen clerk, and he gradually acquired influence in the 
legislature. This was an eventful time. But Mr. Adams possessed a 
courage which no dangers could shake. He was undismayed by the 

* Thacher's Funeral Sermon ; Lowell's Eulogy ; Massachusetts Magazine, iii. 5-8, 
304, 305, 372; Universal Asylum, i. 73-76; Miller's Retrospect, ii. Hardie ; Minot's 
History Insurrection ; Marshall, v. 121. 



46 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

prospect which struck terror Into the hearts of many. He was a 
member of the legislature nearly ten years, and he was the soul which 
animated it to the most important resolutions. No man did so much. 
He pressed his measures with ardor, yet he was prudent ; he knew 
how to bend the passions of others to his purpose. 

When the Charter was dissolved, he was chosen a member of the 
provincial convention. In 1774, he was elected a member of the gene- 
ral congress. In this station, in which he remained a number of years, 
he rendered the most important services to his country. His eloquence 
was adapted to the times in which he lived. The energy of his lan- 
guage corresponded with the firmness and vigor of his mind. His 
heart glowed with the feelings of a patriot, and his eloquence was 
simple, majestic, and persuasive. He was one of the most efficient 
members of congress. He possessed keen penetration, unshaken forti- 
tude, and permanent decision. Gordon speaks of him in 1 774 as hav- 
ing for. a long time whispered to his confidential friends, that this 
country must be independent. In the last act of state of the British 
government in Massachusetts, he was proscribed with John Hancock, 
when a general pardon was offered to all who had rebelled. This act 
was dated June 12, 1775, and it teaches Americans what they owe to 
the denounced patriot. 

Inl776, he united with Franklin, John Adams, Hancock, Jefferson, 
and a host of worthies, in declaring the United States no longer an 
appendage to a monarchy, but free and independent. 

When the constitution of Massachusetts was adopted, he was chosen 
a member of the senate, of which body he was elected president. 
He was soon sent to the western countries to quiet a disturbance, 
which was rising, and he was successful in his mission. He was 
a member of the convention for examining the constitution of the 
United States. He made objections to several of its provisions, but his 
principal objection was to that article which rendered the several 
States amenable to the courts of the nation. He thought this re- 
duced them to mere corporations ; that the sovereignty of each would 
be dissolved ; and that a consolidated government, supported by an 
army, would be the consequence. The constitution was afterwards 
altered in this point and in most other respects according to his wishes. 

In 1789, he was chosen lieutenant-governor, and was continued in 
this office till 1794, when he was elected governor, as successor to Mr. 
Hancock. He was annually replaced in the chair of the first magis- 
trate of Massachusetts till 1797, when his age and infirmities induced 
him to retire from public life. He died Oct. 2, 1803, in the eighty- 
second year of his age. 

The leading traits in the character of Mr. Adams were an unconquer- 
able love of liberty, integrity, firmness, and decision. Some acts of his 
administration as chief magistrate were censured, though all allowed his 
motives were pure. A division in political sentiments at that time exist- 
ed, and it has since increased. When he differed from the majority, he 



GOVERNORS OP MASSACHUSETTS. 47 

acted with great independence. At the close of the war, he opposed 
peace with Great Britain,unless the Northern States retained their full 
privileges in the fisheries. In 1787, he advised the execution of the 
condign punishment, to which the leaders of the rebellion in 1786 
had been sentenced. He was opposed to the treaty with Great Britain, 
made by Mr. Jay in 1794, and he put his election to hazard by avow- 
ing his dislike of it. He was censured for his conduct ; but he un- 
doubtedly had a right to express his opinion, and his situation made it 
his duty to point out to the people what he conceived to be causes of 
danger. 

Mr. Adams was a man of incorruptible integrity. Attempts were 
probably made by the British to bribe him. Gov. Hutchinson, in 
answer to the inquiry, why Mr. Adams was not taken off from his 
opposition by an office, writes to a friend in England, " Such is the 
obstinacy and inflexible disposition of the man, that he never can 
be conciliated by any office or gift whatever." 

He was poor. While occupied abroad in the most important and 
responsible public duties, the partner of his cares supported the family 
at home by her industry. Though his resources were very small, yet 
such was the economy and dignity of his house, that those who casu- 
ally visited him, found nothing mean or unbecoming his station. His 
country, to whose interests he had devoted his life, permitted him to 
remain poor ; but there were not wanting a few friends, who showed 
him their regard. In this honorable poverty he continued to a very 
late period of his life ; and, had not a decent competency fallen into 
his hands by the very afflicting event of the death of an only son, 
he must have depended for subsistence upon the kindness of his friends 
or the charity of the public. 

To a majestic countenance and dignified manners there was added 
a suavity of temper, which conciliated the affection of his acquaintance. 
Some, who disapproved of his political conduct, loved and revered him 
as a neighbor and friend. He could readily relax from severer cares 
and studies to enjoy the pleasures of private conversation. Though 
somewhat reserved among strangers, yet with his friends he was 
cheerful and companionable, a lover of chaste wit, and remarkably 
fond of anecdote. He faithfully discharged the duties arising from the 
relations of social life. His house was the seat of domestic peace, regu- 
larity, and method. 

Mr. Adams was a Christian. His mind was early imbued with piety, 
as well as cultivated by science. He early approached the table of the 
Lord Jesus, and the purity of his life witnessed the sincerity of his 
profession. On the Christian Sabbath, he constantly went to the tem- 
ple, and the morning and evening devotions in his family proved 
that his religion attended him in his seasons of retirement from the 
world. The last production of his pen was in favor of Christian truth. 
He died in the faith of the gospel. 

He was a sage and a patriot. The independence of the United States 



48 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

of America is perhaps to be attributed as much to his exertions as to 
the exertions of any one man. Though he was called to struggle with 
adversity, he was never discouraged. He was consistent and firm un- 
der the cruel neglect of a friend and the malignant rancor of an ene- 
my ; comforting himself in the darkest seasons with reflections upon 
the wisdom and goodness of God. 

His writings exist only in the perishable columns of a newspaper or 
pamphlet. In his more advanced years, in the year 1790, a few letters 
passed between him and Mr. John Adams, then Vice-president of the 
United States, in which the principles of government are discussed, 
and there seems to have been some difference of sentiment between 
those eminent patriots and statesmen, who had toiled together through 
the Revolution. This correspondence was published in 1800. An ora- 
tion, which Mr. Adams delivered at the statehouse in Philadelphia, 
Aug. 1, 1776, was published. The object is to support American inde- 
pendence, the declaration of which by congress had been made a short 
time before. He opposes kingly government and hereditary succession 
with warmth and energy. Not long before his death he addressed a 
letter to Paine, expressing his disapprobation of that unbeliever's at- 
tempts to injure the cause of Christianity.* 

Increase Sumner, Governor of Massachusetts, was born in Rox- 
bury, Nov. 27, 1746, and was graduated at Harvard college in 1767. 
After entering upon the profession of the law, he was chosen a repre- 
sentative of his native town in the legislature, and then a senator. 
In 1782, Governor Hancock placed him on the bench of the Supreme 
Court. As a judge, he was dispassionate, impartial, and discerning. 
In 1797, he was chosen governor as successor of Samuel Adams, and 
he was reelected in the succeeding years till his death, June 7, 1799, 
in the fifty-third year of his age. He possessed a strong and well- 
balanced mind. His judgment was correct, and though he maintained 
an unusual degree of self-command, yet his coolness of temper was to 
be ascribed rather to the influence of religious discipline, than to con- 
stitutional temperament. He was mild, candid, and moderate, being 
remarkably free from every appearance of party spirit. In the inter- 
course of domestic and private life, he was affectionate and faithful. 
Soon after he commenced the practice of the law, he made a public 
profession of his belief in Christianity, and his life was exemplary. 
His social hours were not passed in idle anecdote. Few persons were 
more in the habit of introducing in their familiar conversation reflec- 

* Thachcr's Sermon ; Sullivan's Character of him in public papers ; Eees' Cyclope- 
dia ; Polyanthos, iii. 7:3-82 ; Gordon, i. 347, 410 ; Brissot, iNouv. Voy. i. 151. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 49 

tions of a moral and religious nature. In his last sickness, he observed 
to a friend, a A dying bed is not the place for one to begin to attend 
to his religion, and prepare for another world. But I have not been 
unmindful of these concerns. I have thought much of them. The 
more I have reflected on the subject of religion, the more has my mind 
been settled and confirmed in its reality and importance. I am sen- 
sible that many infirmities and errors have attended me ; but I trust 
I have the testimony of my conscience to the general rectitude of my 
views and conduct in life."* 




Caleb Strong, LL. D., Governor of Massachusetts, the son of Ca- 
leb Strong, descended from John Strong, who arrived from Taunton, 
England, in May 1630, and settled at Dorchester, and thence removed 
to Windsor, and in 1659 to Northampton. He was born at North- 
ampton in Jan. 1745, and graduated at Harvard college in 1764. He 
studied law with Mr. Hawley, but from ill health did not commence 
the practice till 1772. In 1776, he was a member of the legislature 
with Mr. Hawley, and continued in that body as an active friend of his 
country till 1780, when he was chosen a councillor. In 1789, he as- 
sisted in forming the constitution of Massachusetts, and in 1787, that of 
the United States. Under the new national government, he was eight 
years a senator, from 1789 to 1797. He was governor from 1800 to 
1807, when Mr. Sullivan was elected ; and was again chosen governor 
during the difficult period of the war, from 1812 to 1815. He died 
suddenly Nov. 7, 1819, aged seventy -four. His wife, the daughter of 
John Hooker, the minister of Northampton, died in 1817. He wrote 
the address of the government to the insurgents, in 1 786. His speeches, 
from 1807 to 1808, were published, 8vo. 1808. 

James Sullivan, LL. D., Governor of Massachusetts, the brother 
of Major-general Sullivan, was born at Berwick, in the District 
of Maine, April 22, 1 744. His father, a man of liberal education, came 
to this country about the year 1723. He took the sole charge of the 
education of his son James, and lived to see him distinguished in the 

* Porter's and Thacher's Sermons on his death. 
5* 



00 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

world, dying in July, 1795, in the one hundred and sixth year of his 
age. Governor Sullivan was destined for the military life, but the 
fracture of a limb, in his early years,'induced him to bend the vigo- 
rous powers of his mind to the investigation of the law. After pur- 
suing the study of this science under his brother, Gen. Sullivan, he 
soon rose to celebrity, and was appointed king's attorney for the county 
in which he resided. On the approach of the Revolution, he took an 
early and active part on the side of his country. Being a member 
of the provincial congress of Massachusetts in 1775, he was intrusted, 
together with two other gentlemen, with a difficult commission to Ti- 
conderoga, which was executed in a very satisfactory manner. Early 
in the following year, he was appointed a judge of the superior court. 
He was a member of the convention, which framed the constitution of 
the State in 1779 and 1780. In Feb. 1782, he resigned his office of 
judge, and returned to the practice of the bar. He was appointed a 
delegate to congress in 178S ; and in the ensuing year was one of the 
commissioners in the settlement of the controversy between Massa- 
chusetts and New York, respecting their claims to the western lands. 
He was repeatedly chosen to represent the town of Boston in the 
legislature, in 1787 was a member of the executive council and judge 
of probate for Suffolk, and in 1790 was appointed attorney-general, 
in which office he continued till June 1807, when he was called to the 
chief magistracy of the Commonwealth, as successor of Gov. Strong. 
He was appointed, by president Washington, agent under the fifth 
article of the British treaty for settling the boundaries between the 
United States and the British provinces. Of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences he was one of the members from its first institution; 
a principal founder and many years president of the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society ; president of the Massachusetts Congregational Chari- 
table Society ; and a member of the Humane Society. He was the 
projector of the Middlesex canal, to which object he devoted a great 
portion of time and labor. Soon after his second election to the office 
of governor, his health became enfeebled, and he suffered a long and 
distressing confinement, which terminated in his death, Dec. 10,1808, 
in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

The various public offices, which Governor Sullivan sustained dur- 
ing a period of forty years, were conferred upon him by the free 
and unbiassed suffrages of his countrymen. As he was not assisted 
in his progress to distinction by the advantages of opulence or family 
connections, the stations which he held were a proof of his talents, 
of his indefatigable industry, and of the confidence which was reposed 
in his integrity. If in the course of a long political career, in times of 
turbulence and party bitterness, he did not always escape the com- 
mon tribute of reproach which accompanies all illustrious talents, his 
strongest opponents could never deny that his execution of every 
public trust was distinguished by that peculiar quality which was 
most appropriate to its nature. As a judge, he was universally ac- 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 51 

knowledged to have displayed the most perfect impartiality. As the 
public prosecutor of the State, he tempered the sternness of official 
severity with the rarer tenderness of humanity. His style of elo- 
quence was original, and adapted, with judicious discrimination, to the 
occasion, the subject, and to the tribunal before which it was called 
forth. Deeply versed in the science of the law, and equally well ac- 
quainted with the sources of persuasion in the human mind, he was 
alike qualified for the investigation of the most intricate and compli- 
cated questions of legal discussion, and for the development of the 
tissues of fact before juries. As the chief magistrate of the State, he 
considered himself as the delegated officer not of a political sect, but 
of the whole people, and endeavored to mitigate the violence of par- 
ties. In all the relations of domestic and social life, his conduct was 
exemplary. He early made a profession of Christianity, and his be- 
lief of its truth was never shaken. The following extract from a 
private letter, written while subject to an overwhelming affliction, will 
show his reverence for the providence of the Most High : " I know 
that God has formed, that he guides and governs, this vast universe, 
holding innumerable worlds in their orbs. I know that not one atom, 
from the worm that creeps in the dust up to the highest created intel- 
ligence, can be out of his view, or committed for one moment to for- 
tuitous events. Why this earth is the repository of pain and sorrow,* 
I know not. But I know it is so, and that Jesus Christ is the great 
Physician, who mingles the draught, prescribes the regimen, and 
pours the balm of comfort on the wounded soul. Blessed Redeemer ! 
When he said, The cup my heavenly Father giveth me, shall I 
not drink it ? Shall I, a sinner, say that I will refuse what he offers 
me ? Though he slay me, I will trust in him. I will go in and out 
as when the candle of the Lord shined on my tabernacle. I will at- 
tempt to do the duties of a citizen, of a husband, a Christian, trying 
to say from my heart, Father not my will, but thine be done." When 
his frame was evidently shattered, and he had reason to think that God 
was calling him to his great account, the faith of Jesus was ever gain- 
ing a new ascendency in his views, and his thoughts expatiated with 
singular clearness on the scenes which awaited him, on the mercy of 
his God, his own unworthiness, and the worth of the Redeemer. His 
private prayers and his domestic devotions, expressing at times both the 
joy and the anguish of his feelings,provedthat his passions were not all 
given to the world. He closed his laborious life with the unshaken 
assurance of renewing his existence in another and better state. 

Amidst the great and constant pressure of business which occupied 
him, Governor Sullivan still found time for the pursuits of literature 
and science. His mind has been compared to a native forest, which 
had never been entirely cleared or carefully divided ; where the 
light gained admission at every opening, and not through any regular 
avenue ; where the growth was rapid and thick, and though occa- 
sionally irregular, yet always strong ; where new seeds were succes- 



52 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

sively shooting up, and the materials never seemed likely to be ex- 
hausted. He was ever ready to contribute the effort of his powerful 
and original mind to the purpose of public utility. He published 
Observations on the Government of the United States of America, 
1791 ; Dissertation on the Stability of the States ; the Path to Riches, 
or Dissertation on Banks, 1792 ; History of the District of Maine, 8vo., 
1795 ; History of Land Titles in Massachusetts, 8vo., 1801 ; Disserta- 
tion on the Constitutional Liberty of the Press in the United States, 
1801 ; History of the Penobscot Indians in the Historical Collections. 
Besides these works, his fugitive pieces and occasional communi- 
cations to the public prints were very numerous.* 



&ftfrf 



Christopher Gore, Governor of Massachusetts, was born in 
Boston, in 1758, and was the son of a respectable mechanic, who, 
at the beginning of the Revolution, as he adhered to the royal gov- 
ernment, went to Halifax, but afterwards returned to Boston. He 
was graduated in 1776, and after studying law with Judge Lowell, 
engaged in lucrative practice. In 1789, he was appointed first 
United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts, in the ex- 
ecution of which office he met with difficulties, but he resolutely 
pursued the course of duty. In 1796, he Was appointed colleague 
with William Pinkney, a Commissioner, under the Fourth Article of 
Jay's Treaty, to settle our claims for spoliations. By his efforts, when 
in England, he recovered sums to a vast amount for our citizens ; 
his argument on that class of captures, which were made under the 
rule of 1756, was elaborate and powerful. As his commission lasted 
nearly eight years, he remained abroad till 1804. In the preceding 
year, he had been left by his intimate friend, Rufus King, Minister 
to England, charge d'affaires. After his return, he was chosen, 1809, 
Governor of Massachusetts, as successor of Sullivan ; but the next 
year the people chose Mr. Gerry in his place. In 1814, he was ap- 
pointed Senator to Congress, in which capacity he served about 
three years, and then withdrew into final retirement. His residence 
was a beautiful seat, about nine miles from Boston, at Waltham, 
whence he was accustomed frequently to walk into town, an 
example but little followed by the present generation. An excru- 
ciating disorder embittered his last years. He died. March 1, 1827, 
aged 68. His friend, Mr. King, died the next month. 

Having no children, Mr. Gore left valuable bequests to the 

* Buckminster's Sermon on his death ; Sketch of his life in Palladium, December 
16, and Columbian Centinel, December 17,18^8; Patioplist and Miss. Mag. united, i. 332- 
334 : Collect. Hist. Soc. ix. 207-232. 



GOVERNORS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



53 



American Academy, and the Historical Society, of which he was 
a member ; and he made Harvard College, of which he had been a 
fellow or trustee, his residuary legatee. With the literature of the 
day he had kept himself familiarly acquainted, and he was an ex- 
cellent classical scholar. His mind was acute and discriminating ; 
his morals pure ; his manners dignified and elegant. He published 
a Masonic Oration, 1783. — Amer. Ann. Reg. 1826, 7, p. 339-341. 



GOVERNORS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



PREPARED BY NATHANIEL B. SHURTLEFF, M. D. 



Governors of Plymouth 



1G20 
1621 
1633 
1634 
1635 
1636 
1637 
1638 
1639 
1644 



John Carver. 
William Bradford. 
Edward Winslow. 
Thomas Prence. 
William Bradford. 
Edward Winslow. 
William Bradford. 
Thomas Prence. 
William Bradford. 
Edward Winslow. 



Colony, chosen annually by the People. 

1645 William Bradford. 
4657 Thomas Prence. 
16 73 Josias Winslow. 
,1681 Thomas Hinckley. 

Mr. Hinckley was Governor till 
the union of the Colony with the 
[Massachusetts Colony in 1692, ex- 
cept during the -administration of 
Andros. 



Deputy Governors of Plymouth Colony, chosen annually by the People. 

1682 to 1686 William Bradford. 



* 1680 Thomas Hinckley. 
1681 James Cudworth. 



1689 to 1692 William Bradford. 



Governors of Massachusetts 

fl628 John Endicott, chos. 
1629 John Winthrop. 

1634 Thomas Dudley. 

1635 John Haynes. 

1636 Henry Yane. 

1637 John Winthrop. 

1640 Thomas Dudley. 

1641 Richard Bellingham. 

1642 John Winthrop. 
1644 John Endicott. 



under the First Charter, chosen annually. 

inEng,il645 Thomas Dudley. 
1646 John Winthrop. 

1649 John Endicott. 

1650 Thomas Dudley. 

1651 John Endicott. 

1654 Richard Bellingham. 

1655 John Endicott. 
1665 Richard Bellingham. 
1673 John Leverett. 
1679 Simon Bradstreet. 



* Previous to this time there was no Deputy Governor, a Governor pro tempore being 
appointed by the Governor to serve in his absence. 

t On May 13, 1623, Matthew Cradock was elected Governor by the Company in Eng- 
laud, and Thomas Goife, Deputy Governor. They never came to New England, and 
Mr. Endicott was elected Governor in England, as was also Mr. Winthrop in 1629. 



54 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Deputy Governors of Massachusetts under the First Charter, chosen 

annually. 

1646 Thomas Dudley, to 1653. 



* 1629 Thomas Dudley, to 1634. 

1634 Roger Ludlow, " 1635. 

1635 Rich'd Bellingham, " 1636. 

1636 John Winthrop, " 1637. 

1637 Thomas Dudley, " 1640. 



1654 John Endicott, " 1655. 

1655 Rich'd Bellingham, " 1665. 
1665 Francis Willoughby," 1671. 
1671 John Leverett, " 1673. 



1640 Rich'd Bellingham, " 1641.!l673 Sam'l Symonds, to Oct.1678. 

1641 John Endicott, " 1644.J1678 Oct., Simon Bradstreet 1679. 
1644 John Winthrop, " 1646.|1679 Thomas Danforth, to 1686. 

Deputy Governor of Massachusetts after the Dissolution of the First 

Charter. 
1689 Thomas Danforth, to 1692. 

Governors of Massachusetts under the Second Charter, appointed by 
the King. 
Governors. 
1692 May, Sir William Phips. 
1694 Nov., William Stoughton, acting Governor. 

1699 May, Earl of Bellomont. 

1700 July, William Stoughton, acting Governor. 

1701 July, The Council. 

1702 June, Joseph Dudley. 
1714 Feb., The Council. 
1714 March, Joseph Dudley. 

fl715 Nov., William Tailer, acting Governor. 
1716 Oct., Samuel Shute. 

1722-3 Jan., William Dummer, acting Governor. 
1728 July, William Burnet. 
1728 Sept., William Dummer, acting Governor. 
1730 June, William Tailer, acting Governor. 
1730 Aug., Jonathan Belcher. 
1741 Aug., William Shirley. 
1749 Sept., Spencer Phips, acting Governor. 
1753 Aug., William Shirley. 

1756 Sept., Spencer Phips, acting Governor. 

1757 April, The Council. 
1757 Aug., Thomas Pownall. 

1760 June, Thomas Hutchinson, acting Governor. 

1760 Aug., Francis Bernard. 

1769 Aug., Thomas Hutchinson, acting Governor. 

1771 March, Thomas Hutchinson. 

1774 May, Thomas Gage. 

* John Humphry was elected, but did not serve. 

t In November, 1715, Elizeus Burgess was proclaimed Governor, he having had the 
appointment in March, 1714 ; but he never came over to perform his duties, and resigned 
Ihe office in 1716. 



GOVERNORS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



55 



Lieutenant- Governors. 



1692 Wm.Stoughton,to July, 1701.|1733 Spencer Phips. 



1702 Thomas Povey, to 1706. 
*1711 William Tailer. 
1716 William Dummer. 
1730 William Tailer. 



1758 Thomas Hutchinson. 
1770 Andrew Oliver. 
1774 Thomas Oliver. 



Since the Revolution. 

1774 October. A Provincial Congress. 

1775 July. The Council. 



Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of Massachusetts, under the Con- 
stitution, chosen annually by the People. 
Governors. Lieutenant- Governors. 



1780 John Hancock, 
1785 James Bowdoin, 
1787 John Hancock, 
1794 Samuel Adams, 
1797 Increase Sumner, 
1800 Caleb Strong, 
1807 James Sullivan, 

1809 Christopher Gore, 

1810 Elbridge Gerry, 
1812 Caleb Strong, 
1816 John Brooks, 
1823 William Eustis, 
1825 Levi Lincoln, 
1834 John Davis, 
1836 Edward Everett, 

1840 Marcus Morton, 

1841 John Davis, 

1843 Marcus Morton, 

1844 George N. Briggs, 



to 1785, 
1787. 
Oct. 8, 1793, 
1797. 
June 7, 1799 
1807. 
1808. 
1810. 
1812 
1816. 
1823. 
1825. 
1834. 
1836. 
1840.' 
1841. 
1843. 
1844. 



Dec. 10, 



Feb. 



1780 Thos. Cushing, 

1788 Benjamin Lincoln, 

1789 f Samuel Adams, 
1794 Moses Gill, 

1801 Samuel Phillips, 

1802 Edward H. Robbins, 
1807 Levi Lincoln, 

1809 David Cobb, 

1810 William Gray, 
1812 William Phillips, 

1823 Levi Lincoln, 

1824 Marcus Morton, 

1826 Thomas L. Winthrop, 
1833 Samuel T. Armstrong, 
1836 George Hull, 

1843 Henry H. Childs, 

1844 John Reed, 



to Feb. 28, 



1788. 

1789. 

1794. 
May 20, 1800. 
Feb. 10, 1802. 

1807. 

1809. 

1810. 

1812. 

1823. 



Feb., 
July, 



1825. 
1832. 
1836. 
1843. 
1844- 



* There is no evidence of there being a Lieutenant-Governor from January, 1705-6 
to Oct. 1711. Mr. Povey made his last appearance at the meetings of the Council on the 
28th of January, 1705-6 ; and Mr. Tailer took the oath of Lieutenant-Governor on the 4th 
of October, 1711. Between these dates, no one appeared at the Council Board as Lieu- 
tenant-Governor. 

t The Lieutenant-Governors, whose names are printed in italics, were also acting Gov- 
ernors during vacancies in the office of Governor. 



56 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



JUDICIARY. 



UNITED STATES COURTS. 



Levi Woodbury, of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Peleg Sprague, of Boston, 

George Lunt, of do. 

Charles Devens, Jr. of Greenfield, 

Isaac O. Barnes, of Boston, 

Seth E. Sprague, of do. 

George M. Dawes, 

Reporters for First Circuit, Chas. L. "Woodbury and Geo. Minot. 

Circuit Courts, holden 15th of May, and 15th of October, in each 
year. 

District Courts, holden at Boston, third Tuesday in March ; 4th 
Tuesday in June ; 2d Tuesday in September, and first Tuesday in 



Circuit Judge. 

District do. 

District Attorney. 

Marshal. 

Clerk of Circuit Court 

Clerk of District do. 

Crier. 



December 
Judge. 



and Special Courts are holden at the discretion of the 



SUPREME JUDICIAL COURT. 



Lemuel Shaw, 
Charles A. Dewey, 
Theron Metcalf, 
Richard Fletcher, 
Geo. T. Bigelow, 
Luther S. Cushing, 
John H. Clifford, 
Geo. C. Wilde, 
Joseph Willard, 



of Boston, Chief Justice. 

of Northampton, 

of Boston, 

of do. 

of do. 

of do. Reporter. 

of New Bedford, 



Associate 
Justices. 



Atfy- General. 



Clerks. 



Law Terms. 

At Boston, for the Counties of Suffolk and Nantucket, 1st Tues. Mar. 

At Lenox, for the County of Berkshire, 2d Tuesday of September. 

At Northampton, for the Counties of Hampshire, Franklin, and Hamp- 
den, on Mon. next preceding 4th Tues. of Sept. 

At Worcester, for the County of Worcester, 1st Tuesday next after 
4th Tuesday of September. 

At Cambridge, for the County of Middlesex, on the 3d Tuesday 
next after the 4th Tuesday of September. 

At Taunton, in the County of Bristol, and at Plymouth, in the County 
of Plymouth, alternately ; beginning at Taunton 
for the Counties of Bristol, Plymouth, Barnstable, 
and Dukes County, on the 4th Tues. next after the 
4th Tuesday of September. 

At Dedham, for the County of Norfolk, 5th Tuesday next after the 
4th Tuesday of September. 



JUDICIARY. 



57 



At Saleni, for the County of Essex, 6th Tuesday after 4th Tuesday 
of September. 

Terms for the Trial of Jury Cases. 

At Dedham, for the County of Norfolk, 3d Tuesday of February. 

At Lowell, for the County of Middlesex, 2d Tuesday of April. 

At Worcester, for the County of Worcester, 6th Tuesday after 1st 

Tuesday of March. 
At Greenfield, for the County of Franklin, ditto. 

At do. do. do. 2d Tuesday of September. 

At Northampton, for the County of Hampshire, 7th Tuesday next 

after 1st Tuesday of March. 
At Taunton, for the County of Bristol, ditto. 

At New Bedford, for do. do. 2d Tuesday of November. 
At Ipswich, for the County of Essex, 8th Tuesday after the 1st Tues. 

of March. 
At Springfield, for the County of Hampden, ditto. 

At do. do. do. 1st Tuesday of Sept. 

At Barnstable, for the Counties of Barnstable and Dukes, 9th Tues. 

next after 1st Tuesday of March. 
At Lenox, for the County of Berkshire, 10th Tuesday next after 1st 

Tuesday of March. 
At Plymouth, for the County of Plymouth, ditto. 

At Nantucket, for the County of Nantucket, 1st Tuesday of July. 
At Boston, for the County of Suffolk, 7th Tuesday next after the 4th 
Tuesday of September. 



COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. 



Daniel Wells, 
Edward Mellen, 
Jonathan C. Perkins, 
Horatio Byington, 
Eben R. Hoar, 
Vacancy. 

? eo - ^ de „' \ «<*• 

Joseph Willard, ) 



of Cambridge, 
of Wayland, 
of Salem, 
of Stockbridge, 
of Concord, 



1 



Chief Justice. 



Associate Justices. 






Charles R. Train, 
H. G. 0. Colby, 
Ezra Wilkinson, 
William Porter, 
Asahel Huntington, 



District Attorneys. 

of Framingham, 
of New Bedford, 
of Dedham, 
of Lee, 
of Salem, 



Northern District. 
Southern District. 
Middle District. 
Western District. 
Eastern District. 



58 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

MUNICIPAL COURT IN BOSTON. 

The Justices of the C. C. Pleas, ex officio, are Judges of this Court. 
Samuel Dunn Parker, Commonwealth' 's Attorney. 
Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 
Henry Homer, Crier. 
This Court is holden the first Monday in each month. 

The Court of Common Pleas is holden, 
At Boston, for the County of Suffolk, 1st Tuesdays of January, 

April, July, and October. 
At Salem, for the County of Essex, 4th Mon. of Jan'y. (Criminal.) 

do. do. do. 3d Monday of March. (Civil.) 

At Newburyport, do. do. 4th Mond. of May. (Criminal.) 

do. do. do. 3d Mond. of Sept. (Civil.) 

At Ipswich, do. do. 3d Mond of June. (Civil.) 

do. do. do. 2d Mond. of Oct. (Criminal.) 

At Lawrence, do. do. 3d Mond. of Dec. (Civil.) 

At Concord, for Middlesex County, 2d Mon.of Mar.and June. (Civil.) 
At Cambridge, do. do. do. Dec. (Civil.) 

At Concord, do for criminal business, 4th Mon. in June. 

At Lowell, for Middlesex County, 1st Monday in Sept. (Civil.) 
At Lowell, do. 3d Monday in Oct. (Criminal.) 

At Cambridge, do. for criminal business, 2d Monday in Feb. 
At Northampton, for Hampshire County, 3d Monday of Feb. and of 

Oct. and 1st Monday of June. 
At Greenfield, for Franklin County, 3d Monday of March, and 2d 

Mondays of August and November. 
At Springfield, for Hampden County, 2d Mon. of March and June, 

and 1st Monday of October. 
At Springfield, for Hampden County (Criminal) 3d Monday of May, 

1st Monday of December. 
At Lenox, for Berkshire County, 4th Mondays of Feb., June, and Oct. 
At Lenox, do., 1st Mondays of January and July — (Criminal.) 
At Dedham, for Norfolk County, 4th Mond. of April, 3d Mondays of 

September and December. 
At Plymouth, for Plymouth County, 2d Mondays of April and Aug., 

1st Monday of December. 
At Taunton, for Bristol County, 2d Mondays of March and Sept. 
At New Bedford, do. do. 2d do. of June and Dec. 
At Barnstable, for Barnstable County, 2d Tuesday next after 1st 

Monday of April, and 1st Tuesday of Sept. 
At Nantucket, for Nantucket County, 1st Mondays of June and Oct. 
At Edgartown, for Dukes County, last Mondays of May and Sept. 
At Worcester, for Worcester County, 1st Monday of March, 3d 
Monday of June, Monday next after 4th Monday 
of August, and 1st Monday of December. For 
criminal business, 3d Monday of January, the last 
Monday of May, and 4th Monday of Sept. 



JUDICIARY. 59 

TOLICE COURT OF BOSTON. 

John Gray Rogers, James C. Merrill, Abel Cushing, Justices. 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Wm. Knapp, Seth Tobey, Assistant Clerks. 

The Police Court sits every day at 9 o'clock, a. m. and at 3, p.m., 
for the trial of criminal causes. The same is also a Justices Court, 
for the trial of civil causes under 20 dollars, and is held every Wed- 
nesday and Saturday, at 9 o'clock a. m. 

POLICE COURT OF NEW BEDFORD. 

Oliver Prescott, Justice. H. H. Crapo, Special Justice. 
John B. Baylies, Clerk. 

POLICE COURT OF TAUNTON. 

Chester J. Heed, Justice. James P. Ellis, Special Justice. 

POLICE COURT OF SALEM. 

J. G. Waters, Justice. S. P. Webb, Special Justice. 

POLICE COURT OF LYNN. 

Thos. B. Newhall, Justice. James R. Newhall, Benj. F. Mudge, 
Special Justices. 

POLICE COURT OF LOWELL. 

Nathan Crosby, Justice. Joel Adams, Special Justice. 

POLICE COURT OF LAWRENCE. 

William Stevens, Justice. Daniel Saunders, Jr., Geo. W. Benson, 
Special Justices. 

POLICE COURT OF WORCESTER. 

Wm. N. Greene, Justice. J. W. Witherell, Elisha Fuller, Special 

Justices. 

POLICE COURT OF PITTSFIELD. 

M. R, Lanckton, Justice. Thomas B. Strong, Amos Barnes, Sol. L. 
Russell, Special Justices. 

TRIAL JUSTICES. 

Since July, 1850, Trial Justices have been appointed by the 
Governor, in each County, to hold office for seven years, exercise the 
jurisdiction formerly held by Justices of the Peace ; to issue writs, 
in all civil cases under $20, and warrants in all criminal cases ; and 
the power of the Justices of the Peace is limited to that extent, ex- 
cept that, in criminal cases, they may issue warrants returnable be- 
fore a Trial Justice. This act does not affect the Police Courts, nor 
the " Justices' Court " of Boston, which the Justices of the Police 
Court hold on Wednesdays and Saturdays. 



60 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



JUSTICES THROUGHOUT THE COMMONWEALTH. 



SUFFOLK CO. 

Boston. 

Austin, Jas. T. 
Bell, Joseph 
Bigelow, Geo. T. 
Bigelow, John P. 
Bolles, John A. 
Choate, Rufus 
Crocker, Henry 
Crowninshield, B. W. 
Crowninshield, F. B. 
Fletcher, Richard 
Gray, Francis C. 
Gray, John C. 
Greenleaf, Simon 
Hall, Jacob 
Hallett, Benjamin F. 
Jackson, Charles 
Lawrence, Abbott 
Metcalf, Theron 
Minot, William 
Morey, George 
Mudge, Ezra 
Parker, Samuel D. 
Phillips, Jonathan 
Putnam, Samuel 
Quincy, Josiah 
Quincy, Josiah,Jr. 
Savage, James 
Shaw, Lemuel 
Sprague, Peleg 
Sullivan, Richard 
Tolman, Thomas 
Welles, John 
Wilde, Samuel S. 
Williams, J. M. 
Winthrop, R. C. 

BARNSTABLE CO. 

Barnstable. 
Crocker, Henry 
Marston, Charles 



Falmouth. 
Swift, Elijah 

Truro. 
Davis, Solomon 

BERKSHIRE CO. 

Lee. 
Porter, William 

Lenox. 
Walker, Wm. P. 

Pittsfield. 
Childs, Henry H. 
Hubbard, Henry 
Newton, Edward A. 
Rockwell, Julius 
Willis, Nathan 

Richmond. 
Gates, Samuel 

Sandisfield. 
Hull, George 

Williamstown. 
Dewey, Daniel N. 

BRISTOL CO. 

Attleboro\ 
May, Lemuel 

Easton. 
Lathrop, Howard 

New Bedford. 
Arnold, James 
Clifford, J. H. 
Colby, H. G. O. 
French, Rodney 
Grinnell, Joseph 
Rodman, Benjamin 



Pawtucket. 
Starkweather, J. C. 
Walcott, Edward 

Sivansey. 
Mason, John 

Taunton. 
Crocker, Samuel 
Holmes, Charles J. 
Morton, Marcus 

DUKES CO. 

Edgartown. 
Leavitt, Thaxter 

Nantucket. 
Mitchell, William 

ESSEX CO. 

Amesbury. 
Colby, Joshua 

Beverly. 



Danvers. 
Daniels, Robert S. 

Gloucester. 
Ferson, William 

Haverhill. 
Duncan, J. H. 

Marblehead. 
Robinson, Frederick 

Newburyport. 
Cushing, Caleb 
Merrill, John 
Wildes, A. W. 

Salem. 
Chapman, John 



JUSTICES THROUGHOUT THE COMMONWEALTH. 



61 



Foote, Caleb 
Huntington, Asahel 
Perkins, Jona. C. 
S prague, Joseph E. 

FRANKLIN CO. 

Buckland. 
Porter, John 

Heath. 
Hartwell, Jonathan 
Hastings, Ephraim 

HAMPDEN CO. 

Springfield. 
Ashmun, George 
Bliss, George 
Calhoun, William B. 
Howard, Charles 
Mils, John 

Westfield. 
Bates, William G. 
Boise, Patrick 
Fowler, James 

HAMPSHIRE CO. 

Arriherst. 
Dickinson, Edward 
Gridley, Timothy J. 
Mack, David, Jr. 

Belchertown. 
Doolittle, Mark 
Lawrence, Myron 

Northampton. 
Dewey, C. A. 
Joy, David 

MIDDLESEX CO. 

Cambridge. 
Everett, Edward 
Fay, S. P. P. 
Palfrey, John G. 
Willard, Sidney 



Charlestown. 
Austin, Nathaniel 
Thompson, A. K,. 
Thompson, Charles 

Concord. 
Brooks, Nathan 
Hoar, Samuel 

Framingham. 
Adams, Josiah 

Lexington. 
Hudson, Charles 

Lowell. 
Locke, Joseph 

Somerville. 
Bell, Luther Y. 

Wayland. 
Mellen, Edward 

West Newton. 
Bradbury, E. 
Mann, Horace 

NORFOLK CO. 

Braintree. 
French, Benjamin Y. 

Canton. 
French, Thomas 

Dedham. 
Endicott, John 
Keyes, E. L. 
Richardson, James 

Dorchester. 
Cummings, David 
Loud, S. P. 
Tileston, Edmund P. 
Wilder, M. P. 

Medway. 
Lovering, Warren 

Quincy. 
Greenleaf, Thomas 
6* 



Roxbury. 
Copeland, Benj. F. 
Dearborn, H. A. S. 
Leland, Sherman 
Simmons, David A. 
Walley, Samuel H. 

PLYMOUTH CO. 

Carver. 
Murdock, Jesse 

East Bridgewater. 
Hob art, Aaron 
Mitchell, Nahum 

Marshfield. 
Webster, Daniel 

Scituate. 
Jacobs, E. F. 

West Bridgewater. 
Baylies, William 

WORCESTER CO. 

New Braintree. 
Mixter, Samuel 

Leominster. 
Wilder, David 

Lunenburg. 
Cushing, Edmund 

Princeton. 
Russell, Charles 

Southbridge. 
Marcy, Jedediah 

Worcester. 
Davis, John 
Foster, A. D. 
Kinnicutt, Thomas 
Lincoln, Levi 
Merrick, Pliny 
Washburn, Emory 



62 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



PROBATE COURTS AND COUNTY OFFICERS. 

SUFFOLK COUNTY. 

Judge of Probate, Edward G. Loring, Boston. 

Register of Probate, .... Horatio M. Willis, " 

Register of Deeds, .... Henry Alline, " 

County Attorney, Samuel Dunn Parker, " 

County Treasurer, James C. Dunn, " 

Clerks of Supreme Court and Court of Common Pleas. 

George C. Wilde and Joseph Willard, Boston. 

Probate Court holden at the Probate Office in Boston every Mon- 
day in the months of January to May inclusive ; every Monday in 
June, except the first and last ; and every Monday, except the first, 
in the months of August to December inclusive. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

John P. Bigelow, Wm. Tufts, John A. Bolles, William B. Calhoun, 
Charles W. Lovett. 



Justices of the Peace and of the Quorum in Boston. 



Atkins, John 
Austin, Ivers J. 
Aylwin, W. C. 
Bartlett, Sidney 
Bassett, Francis 
Betton, N. C. 
Chandler, P. W. 
Codman, John 
Cooke, J. P. 
Curtis, Benjamin R. 
Curtis, Charles P. 
Cushing, Abel 
Cushing, L. S. 
Dame, A. A. 
Davis, Isaac P. 
Dexter, Thomas A. 
Dimmock, J. L. 
Draper, Moses 
Eliot, Samuel A. 
Fairbanks, Stephen 
Field, Justin 
Foster, William 
Fuller, H. H. 



Giles, Joel 
Gorham, Benjamin 
Gray, William 
Guild, Benjamin 
Healy, J. P. 
Hale, Nathan 
Hancock, Charles L. 
Hayward, Charles 
Hooper, Robert J. 
Hubbard, William J. 
Lawrence, Amos 
Lincoln, Ezra 
Lincoln, Heman 
Loring, Charles G. 
Loring, John J. 
Lunt, George 
McCleary, S. F. 
Merrill, J. C. 
Parker, William 
Parrot, W. W. 
Perkins, T. H. 
Power, Thomas 
Rand, Benjamin 



Revere, Joseph W. 
Rogers, John G. 
Russell, C. T. 
Sears, David 
Shaw, Robert G. 
ISohier, Edward D. 
[Sohier, William D. 
Sprague, Charles 
j Stearns, Jacob 
;Sturgis, William 
! Sumner, Bradford 
jTilden, Joseph 
iWashburn, W. R. P. 
|Wilde, Geo. C. 
jWilkins, John H. 
Willard, Joseph 
I Watts, Francis O. 
[Wells, Charles 
[Williams, S. K. 
Wright, Isaac H. 

N. Chelsea. 
Stowers, Joseph 



SUFFOLK COUNTY. 



63 



Justices of the Peace in Boston. 



Abbott, Jaines A. 
Adams, Joseph H. 
Adams, C. B. F. 
Adams, Charles F. 
Adams, George W. 
Adams, John C. 
Adams, Paul 
Allen, Charles E. 
Allen, E. H. 
Allen, C. J. F. 
Allen, James B. 
Alline, Henry 
Albree, John 
Amory, James S. 
Amory, William 
Amory, T. C. 
Andrew, John A. 
Andrews, Gustavus 
Andrews William T. 
Appleton, Nathan 
Appleton, William 
Appleton, W. C. 
Atkinson, Jacob 
Atwood, Charles 
Austin, Joseph 
Bacon, Jacob 
Bailey, Adams 
Baldwin, Aaron 
Baldwin, James F. 
Baker, James L. 
Ballard, James M. 
Ballard, John 
Ballard, Joseph 
Barker, James 
Barstow, Simeon F. 
Barnicoat, William 
Barnes, Isaac O. 
Bartlett, F. K. 
Barrell, Samuel B. 
Barrett, John F. 
Belknap, John 
Bemis, George 
Beals, William 
Bell, Joseph M. 
Benjamin, James 



Berret, Joseph 
Bigelow, Horatio 
Bigelow, Prescott 
Bishop, Joel P. 
Blake, George B. 
Blake, Lemuel 
Blake Edward 
Blodgett, Luther 
Blood, B. F. 
Bowditch, N. I. 
Bowditch, Jona. I. 
Bolles, Matthew 
Bowker, Albert F. 
Bradford, Wm. B. 
Bradley, Joseph H. 
Bradlee, Josiah 
Bradbury, Charles 
Brinley, Francis 
Brooks, Edward 
Brooks, Benj. F. 
Brooks, Francis A. 
Brigham, William 
Brown, Charles 
Brown, Geo. M. 
Brown, J. W. 
Bryant, David 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Buck, Edward 
Buck Ephraim 
Bullard, Francis 
Bulfinch, Geo. S. 
Bulfinch, Thomas 
Butler, Benjamin 
Cabot, Henry 
Cady, Eben. E. 
Capen, Phineas 
Carruth, Nathan 
Cartwright, C. W. 
Cary, T. G. 
Chandler, C. W. 
Chandler, T. P. 
Chandler, L. H. 
Cheever, James 
Clapp, William W. 
Clark, E. P. 



Chadwick, Ebenezer 
Chase, Enoch 
Chase Marshall S. 
Chase, Cyrus 
Chase, Theodore 
Cheever, Tracy P. 
Chickering, Jonas 
Child, Stephen 
Clark, Albert 
Clark, Benj. C. 
Clark, Henry 
Clark, James 
Clarke, M. S. 
Codman, Henry 
Codman, John 
Codman, Robert 
Coffin, George W. 
Colby, Robt. L. 
Cole, Raymond 
Cowden, Robert 
Cook, Chas. E. 
Cooke, B. F. 
Coolidge, S. F. 
jCooley, George W. 
! Crafts, William A. 
I Crocker, Uriel 
j Crockett, George W. 
Crosby, Frederick 
Crowninshield, E. A. 
Cruft, Edward 
Crockett, Geo. K. 
Cummings, Cyrus 
Currier, Benjamin H. 
Curtis, George T. 
Curtis, T. B. 
Cushing, Abner L. 
Cushing, Thomas P. 
Cushman, F. L. 
Cutler, Pliny 
Dana, Edmund T. 
Dana, Edward Al. 
Dana, Richard H. 
Danforth, Isaac 
Darracott, George 
Davis, Adolphus 



64 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Davis, Augustus B. 
Davis, Charles G. 
Day, Joseph M. 
Dehon, William 
Denny, Daniel 
Denton, William 
Denton, William Pitt 
Derby, E. H. 
Dexter, George M. 
Dimon, Oliver 
Dingley, John T. 
Dixwell, Epes S. 
Dodge, John C. 
Dorr, William B. 
Dorr, Joseph H. 
Dow, Nathan T. 
Driscoll, Cornelius 
Drown, Thomas 
Dunn, James C. 
Dudley, E. G. 
Dutton, Henry W. 
Dwight, Thomas 
Eaton, William 
Eastburn, John H. 
Eddy, Caleb 
Eddy, R. H. 
Edmands, B. F. 
Egan, James 
Eldridge, John S. 
Ely, A. B. 
Ellis, Charles M. 
Emerson, Frederick 
English, James L. 
Erving, Edward S. 
Eustis, William T. 
Eveleth, Samuel 
Ewer, Charles 
Fay, Richard S. 
Fearing, Albert 
Fenno, John W. 
Fiske, A. H. 
Flint, Waldo 
Flint, John 
Foster, Archibald 
Foster, Wm. H. 
Francis, David 
Francis, Ebenezer 



iFreeman, William 
j French, James J. 
;Frothingham, Sam. 
jFuller, S. P. 
Fuller, Henry W. 
'Fuller, Richard F. 
Gale, Lucian 
Gibbens, Daniel L. 
Gibson, Kimball 
Gilchrist, Daniel 
Giles, Alfred E. 
Girdler, Richard 
Gill, Thomas 
Gilmore, Addison 
Gleason, Horace 
Goldsbury, John 
Gordon, George W. 
Gooch, Daniel W. 
Goodrich, Charles B. 
Gorham, H. Gardner 
Gould, Benj. A. 
Grant, Moses 
Greele, Samuel 
Greely, Philip, Jr. 
Green, John, Jr. 
Greenough, Alfred 
Greenough, D. S. 
Greenough, Wm. W. 
Griggs, George 
Griswold, Almon W. 
Gregg, Washington P 
Greene, B. D. 
Guernsey, Luther B. 
Guild, Samuel E. 
Hall, Adin 
Hall, Andrew T. 
Hall, Franklin 
Hall, James 
Hall, Joseph 
Hall, Junius 
Hall, Henry 
Hall, Samuel 
Hall, Thomas B. 
Hales, William 
Hale, Moses L. 
Hale, Nathan, Jr. 
Harlow, Thomas S. 



Hartshorn, Eliphalet P. 
Haskell, Benj. 
Haven, Franklin 
Hazleton, Horace L. 
Hawes, William T. 
Hay den, William 
Hays, Francis B. 
Hayward, Pelham W. 
Head, E. F. 
Head, George E. , 
Heard, George W. 
Heard, John T. 
Healey, Mark 
Henchman, Daniel 
Hildreth, Richard 
Hillard, George S. 
Hilliard, William 
Hinds, Calvin P. 
Hodges, Edward T. 
Hobart, Enoch 
Homer, Charles 
Homer, G. H. 
Homer, Henry 
Homer, George F. 
Homer, George 
Homer, P. T. 
Hooper, Samuel 
Horton, D. W. 
Hubbard, G. G. 
Hubbard, Nathaniel D. 
Humphrey, F. J. 
Hunting, Thomas 
Hutchings, H. C. 
Hutchins, H. G. 
Inches, Henderson 
Ingersoll, Charles 
Jackson, Abraham 
Jackson, James 
Jackson, Francis 
James, John W. 
Jenkins, Joseph 
Jenks, S. H. 
Jewell, Harvey 
Jones, Samuel 
Joy, Albion K. P. 
Kendall, Sewall 
Kent, Geo. 



SUFFOLK COUNTY. 



65 



Kettell, Jacob Q. 
King, J. G, 
Knapp, William 
Kuhn, George H. 
Lamb, Thomas 
Lamson, John 
Langdon, J. W. 
Lawrence, Amos A. 
Lawrence, James 
Lawrence, Samuel 
Leavitt, Benson 
Leighton, Charles 
Lewis, Joseph 
Lewis, Win slow, Jr. 
Lerow, Lewis 
List, Charles 
Loring, Benjamin 
Loring, Edw. 
Loring, Caleb W. 
Loring, John A. 
Loring, John F. 
Loring, Ellis Gray 
Loring, Francis C. 
Lovell, Michael 
Lovett, Charles W. 
Lovis, Augustine 
Lovis, Francis A. 
Lowell, John A. 
Lyman, George W. 
Lyman, Joseph 
Maine, S. C. 
Mandell, M. J. 
Marsh, Thomas J. 
Martin, Enoch 
Mason, David H. 
Mason, George M. 
Mason, Lyman 
Mason, William P. 
May, Samuel 
Mayo, Charles 
McCleary, Sam. F. Jr. 
McCleary, John B. 
Mears, Elijah 
Merrill, A. B. 
Miller, Thompson 
Minot, George 
Minot, William, Jr. 



Mills, Charles H. 
Mills, James K. 
Minns, George W. 
Montgomery, Hugh 
Moore, J. F. 
Moore, Abraham 
Moore, Edward N. 
Morgan, David 
Moriarty, J. M. 
Morris, Robert 
Morton, Marcus, Jr. 
Morse, John T. 
Morse, Nathan 
Munroe, Edmund 
Munroe, Edward 
Munroe, Jotham B. 
Nash, S. G. 
Newell, Charles S. 
Nickerson, Sereno D. 
Noyes, Daniel 
Noyes, George F. 
Nutter, Charles C. 
Ober, John P. 
O'Brien, John M. 
Oliver, Peter 
Osgood, Isaac P. 
Otis, Edmund B. 
Otis, William F. 
Otis, George W. 
Otis, Theodore 
Paige, James W. 
Paine, Robert Treat 
Paine, Charles C. 
Palmer, George H. 
Park, John C. 
Parker, Aurelius D. 
Parker, Charles Henry 
Parker, Francis E. 
Parker, Henry M. 
Parker, Henry T. 
Parker, Isaac 
Parker, Matthew S. 
Parmenter, Wm. E. 
Palfrey, William 
Perkins, Samuel S. 
Peabody, Owen G. 
Peters, Edward D. 



Pickering, Edward 
Pierce, Roger N. 
Pinkerton, J. M. 
Phillips, George W. 
Phillips, G. T. 
Phillips, James 
Phillips, John L. 
Phelps, Abner 
Piper, Solomon 
Plympton, Silas F. 
Plympton, Henry 
Pond, Benjamin 
Pope, T. B. 
Pope, William 
Potter, O. B. 
Pratt, George W. 
Pratt, John C. 
Prescott, William H. 
Preston, Jonathan 
Prince, Frederic O. 
Prince, Joseph H. 
Putnam, John P. 
Rand, Edward S. 
Ranney, A. A. 
Raymond, Edward A. 
Rayner, John 
Read, James 
Reed, Benjamin T. 
Reed, Caleb 
Reed, Edward 
Reed, Samuel G. 
Reynolds, William B. 
Russell, Wm. G. 
Rhodes, Daniel 
Rice, James 
Rice, George E. 
Rice, Henry 
Rich, Benjamin 
Richardson, Nathaniel 
Richardson, William 
Richardson, Jeffrey 
Riley, Patrick 
Ripley, C. J. 
Ritchie, Harrison 
Robb, James B. 
Robins, Richard 
Robinson, Sylvanus 



G6 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Rogers, Henry B. 
Rogers, William 
Rolker, Bernard 
Russell, Thomas H. 
Safford, Ephraim 
Sanford, Philo 
Sargent, Amos B. 
Sargent, Ignatius 
Sawyer, F. W. 
Savage, William 
Savage, George 
Scudder, Henry A. 
Searle, G. W. 
Sears, Joshua 
Seaver, Benjamin 
Sever, James W. 
Sewall, Samuel E. 
Sewall, Benjamin 
Shaw, Southworth 
Shattuck, Lemuel 
Shelton, Thomas J. 
Sheppard, J. H. , 
Shepley, Horatio 
Shipley, Simon G. 
Shurtleff, N. B. 
Siders, Charles 
Simonds, Artemas 
Simon ds, Alvan 
Simmons, Chas. F. 
Smith, J. V. C. 
Smith, Benjamin 
Smith, Horace E. 
Smith, Ebenezer, Jr. 
Smith, George A. 
Smith, Jeremiah 
Smith, Henry 
Smith, Henry B. 
Smith, Henry W. 
Snelling, George H. 
Snelling, N. G. 
Sohier, William 
Sparhawk, George 
Spooner, Allen C. 
Stacy, Wm. R. 
Stanwood, Lemuel 
Stark, John 
Stearns, Edward 



Stetson, Caleb 
Stevens, Benjamin 
Stevens, John 
Stevenson, J. T. 
Stone, William W. 
Stoddard, Lewis T. 
Storey, Charles W. 
Story, William W. 
Sturgis, Russell 
Sumner, Charles 
Swallow, Asa 
Swett, Samuel 
Tarbell, John P. 
Tarbell, Thomas 
Tappan, John 
Tenney, Samuel 
Thacher, George M. 
Thacher, Thomas 
Thaxter, Adam W. 
Thayer, George W. 
Thomas, Charles G. 
Thomas, Seth J. 
Thompson, N. A. 
Thornton, J. W. 
Thorndike, John P. 
Ticknor, George 
Tilden, David 
Til ton, Warren 
Tolman, Samuel 
Torrey, Charles 
Torrey, John G. 
Townsend, David S. 
Train, Enoch 
Tudor, Frederick 
Tucker, Alanson 
Tucker, William 
Tufts, William 
Turner, Alfred T. 
Tukey, Francis 
Tyler, John S. 
Tyler, John 
Tyler, George W. 
Upham, Henry 
Upton, Geo. B. 
Wadsworth, Alex. 
Washburn, Alex. C. 
Washburn, Fred. L. 



Ward, Samuel D. 
Ward, Thomas W. 
Ward, Andrew H. 
Ward, Ephraim, Jr. 
Ware, Henry 
Warren, John C. 
Warren, J. W., Jr. 
Wales, T. B. 
Webb, Seth, Jr. 
Webster, Fletcher 
Welles, John B. 
Wellington, Hiram 
Wellman, Wm. A. 
Wells, Titus 
Wells, Charles A. 
Welch, Charles A. 
Welch, Francis 
Welch, W. J. 
Wellington, Hiram 
West, Augustus L. 
Wetmore, Thomas 
Wheelock, Peter S. 
Wheeler, A. S. 
Wheelwright, Geo. 
I White, Ferdinand E. 
| Whiting, Wm. 
Whiton, James M. 
Whitman, George H. 
Whitman, William H. 
,Wiggin, James S. 
Wilbur, Asa 
Wild, James C. 
Wild, George C. 
Wilder, David, Jr. 
Willet, William 
Williams, Robert B. 
Willey, Tolman 
Willis, Clement 
Willis, Hamilton 
;Willis, Horatio M. 
IWinslow, Isaac 
Withington, O. W. 
jWright, John S. 
I Wellman, William A. 
jWoodman, Geo. 
I Woodman, Horatio 
Young, Edward 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 



67 



Beatly, Ralph 
Fay, Francis B. 
Goufd, David 
Illsley, Hosea 
Low, John 



Adams, C. F. B. 
Bigelow, John P. 
Bigelow, Prescott 
Clark, Henry 
Currier, Benj. H. 



Justices of the Peace in Chelsea. 

Slack, Buggies jFenno, John F. 



North Chelsea. 
Bates, Hamlet 
Cooledge, Nath'l 



Floyd, Edward 
Plummer, Hiram 
Shurtleff, Benjamin 



Notaries Public in Boston. 

jDexter, Thomas A. 
Drown, Thomas 
Hales, William 
Hayward, Charles 
Jenks, S. H. 

County Officers. 



Montgomery, Hugh 
Parker, M. & 
Thacher, Geo. M. 
Tyler, John S. 



Joseph Eveleth 
Office Court 



, Sheriff of Suffolk County, House 73 Summer Street, 
House. 

DEPUTY SHERIFFS. 

Watson Freeman, House 78 Dover Street, Office 7 Court Square. 

Daniel J. Coburn, House 22 Leverett Street, Office 5 Court Square. 

Silas P. Tarbell, House 7 Crescent Place, Office 8 Court Square. 

Jabez Pratt, Office 8 Court Square. 

Joseph A. Willard. 

Benjamin F. Bay ley, House 13 Osborn Place, Office 7 Court Square. 

Erastus Rugg, Chelsea. 

Gustavus Andrews, Keeper of County Jail. 



( Wm. Andrews, 
Boston. < Jabez Pratt, 

( Charles Smith. 



CORONERS. 



South Boston, Jacob Herrick. 

Chelsea, Erastus Rugg. 

North Chelsea, Edward Floyd. 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 



Judge of Probate, 
Register of Probate, 
Clerk of the Courts, 
Register of Deeds, 
County Treasurer, 



Nymphas Marston, Barnstable. 
Timothy Reed, do. 

Timothy Reed, do. 

Lothrop Davis, do. 

Frederick Scudder, do. 



Probate Court, holden in Barnstable, on the 2d Tuesday of Janu- 
ary, March, September, and December, and on the 3d Tuesday of 
May and June. At Sandwich, on the 2d Tuesday of November. At 
Falmouth, on the Wednesday next after the 2d Tuesday of Novem- 
ber. At Yarmouth, on the 2d Tuesday of August. At Harwich, on 



68 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

the 3d Monday of April, and on the last Monday of October. At 
Brewster, on the Tuesday next after the 3d Monday of April, and on 
the Tuesday next after the last Monday of October. At Orleans, on 
the Wednesday next after the 3d Monday of April, and on the 
Wednesday next after the last Monday of October. At Wellfleet, on 
the Thursday next after the last Monday of October. At Truro, on 
the Thursday next after the 3d Monday of April. At Provincetown, 
on Friday next after the 3d Monday of April, and on the Friday 
next after the last Monday of October. 

County Commissioners. 

Seth Crowell, Dennis, Chairman ; John Doane, Orleans ; David 
K. Akin, Yarmouth. 

Special Commissioners. — Nathan Jenkins, Barnstable ; James H. 
Knowles, Eastham. 

Times of Meeting. — At Barnstable, on the 2d Tuesday of April, 
and 2d Tuesday of October. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

John Heed, Aaron Cornish, Ebenezer Bacon, George Copeland, 
Lothrop Davis, Thomas Holbrook, 2d., Nathaniel Lewis, Nymphas 
Marston, Jacob Mitchell, S. P. Bourne, Seth F. Nye, Elisha Pope, 
Timothy Reed, James Berry, Richard Baker, Jr., Winslow L. 
Knowles. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Barnstable, Nymphas Marston,' Orleans, John Doane. 
Timothy Reed, Lothrop Davis. \ Sandwich, Elisha Pope. 
Brewster, Geo. Copeland. [Yarmouth, John Reed, Gorham 

Falmouth, Elijah Swift. Lovell, David K. Akin. 

Harwich, Richard Baker. 

Justices of the Peace. 

Barnstable, Ebenezer Bacon, Daniel Bassett, Zenas D. Bassett, 
Chas. H. Bursley, Seth Hallett, Nathaniel Hinckley, Henry Law- 
rence, George Lovell, Ferd. G. Kelley, Freeman Marchant, George 
Marston, Josiah Sampson, Zeno Scudder, Asa Young. 

Brewster, Dean Bangs, Freeman Foster, Solomon Freeman, Geo. 
W- Higgins, David Mayo, Jeremiah Mayo, Anthony Smalley. 

Chatham, Joseph Atwood, Daniel P. Clifford, Elijah W. Car- 
penter, Hiram Eldridge, Josiah Mayo, Joshua Nickerson, Thatcher 
Ryder, Warren Rogers, Nathaniel Snow, Thos. Sparrow, Ephraim 
Taylor. 

Dennis, Obed Baker, 2d, James Berry, James Chase, Seth Crow- 
ell, Nehemiah Crowell, Joseph Hall, Stephen Homer, Obed Howes, 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 69 

Jonathan Nickerson, Miller W. Nickerson, Marshall Underwood, 
Joshua Wixon, Jr. 

Eastham, Myrick Clark, Michael Collins, Barnabas Freeman, Eli- 
jah E. Knowles. 

Falmouth, Samuel P. Bourne, Sylvester Bourne, Aaron Cornish, 
Frederick Davis, Nymphas Davis, G-. W. Donaldson, Wm. Green, 
John Jenkins, Ebenezer Nye, John C. Parker, Asa Phinney, John 
Eobinson, Richard S. Wood. 

Harwich, Richard Baker, Isaiah Baker, Obed Brooks, James Chase, 
Nathaniel Doane, Samuel Eldridge, Jos. P. Nickerson, Nathan Un- 
derwood. 

Marshpee, Gideon Hawley. 

Orleans, Nathaniel Freeman, Alfred Kenrick, John Kenrick, Wm. 
P. Myrick, Solomon Rich. 

Provincetown, Godfrey Rider, Rufus L. Thatcher. 

Sandwich, Benjamin Bourne, Melatiah Bourne, Jesse Boyden, 
John B. Dillingham, C. B. H. Fessenden, Shadrach Freeman, Zenas 
R. Hinckley, Solomon C. Howland, Clark Hoxie, Zenas Nye, Seth 
F. Nye, Howard Perry, Mason White. 

Truro, Samuel Dyer, Allen Hinckley, John Kenney, Jedediah 
Shedd. 

Wellfleet, Reuben Arey, Collins S. Cole, John W. Davis, Ebenezer 
Freeman, Thomas Holbrook, 2d, John Newcomb, Nathaniel P. Wiley. 

Yarmouth, James Crocker, Joseph Eldridge, John Larkin, Amos 
Otis, Nath. S. Simpkins, Elisha Taylor, Simeon N. Small, Charles 
Thacher. 

Notaries Public. 

Barnstable, Daniel Bassett, Ze- Harwich, Anthony Kelly, Cyrus 
nas D. Bassett. Weeks. 

Brewster, Freeman Foster, Isaac Provincetown, Thomas Hilliard, 
Foster. Thomas Lothrop, Godfrey Rider. 

Chatham, Jos. Atwood, Elijah Sandwich, C. B. H. Fessenden. 
W. Carpenter, Isaiah Lewis. Truro, Levi Stevens. 

Dennis, Neh. Y. Hall. Wellfleet, Samuel W. Holbrook. 

Eastham, Samuel Knowles. Yarmouth, David K. Akin, John 

Falmouth, Knowles Butler, Fr'd. Reed. 
Davis, John C. Parker. I 

Coroners. 

Barnstable, Seth Hallett, Luther Eastham, Joshua Cole. 
Hinckley, Asa Young. 

Brewster, Benj. T. Berry, Benj. 
Foster, Jr., Freeman Foster. 

Chatham, Wm. Hamilton, Isaiah 
Lewis, Thomas Smith. 

Dennis, Jonathan Nickerson, 
7 



Falmouth, Geo. W. Donaldson, 
Thomas Lewis. 
Harwich, Amasa Nickerson. 
Provincetown, Philip Cook. 
Sandwich, Jos. Hamlin. 
Truro, Daniel Paine. 



70 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Sheriff, Charles Marston, Barnstable. 

Deputy-Sheriffs ; Barnstable, Luther Hinckley, Charles Lewis ; 
Brewster, Strabo Clark; Falmouth, George W. Donaldson; Orleans, 
Alex. Kenrick ; Provincetown, Thomas Hilliard ; Sandwich, Joseph 
Hamblin ; Yarmouth, Charles Sears. 

Crier of Courts, George Blish ; Jailer, Charles Lewis. 

Commissioners of Wrecks. 

Chatham, Josiah Hardy, Jr.; Eastham, Obadiah Doane, Jesse Collins; 
Harwich, Anthony Kelly ; Orleans, Daniel Comings, Geo. W. Com- 
ing ; Provincetown, Isaiah Gifford ; Sandwich, Melatiah Tobey ; 
Truro, Tho. Cobb, Levi Stevens; Wellfleet, Isaiah Hatch, John New- 
comb, Thos. Holbrook, 2d. 

Pilots for Harbor of Provincetown. — Samuel Small, 3d, James Cow- 
ing, Cyrus Weeks, Nathaniel Conel, Jr., Jos. Le Count, Simeon Nick- 
erson. 

Commissioner of Marshpee. — Charles Marston, Barnstable. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 

Judge of Probate, Daniel N. Dewey, Lenox. 

Register of Probate, Henry W. Bishop, do. 

Clerk of the Courts, Charles Sedgwick, do. 

Registers of Deeds, North District, Bichard Whitney, Lanesborough ; 
South District, Isaac Seeley, Jr., Great Barrington ; Middle District, 
George J. Tucker, Lenox. 

County Treasurer, Geo. J. Tucker, Lenox. 

Probate Court, holden at Lenox, on the 1st Tuesdays next after 
the 1st Tuesdays of every month, and Wednesday, except in Feb., 
May, August, and November. At Adams, on the Wednesdays next 
after the 2d Tuesdays of January, April, July, and October. At 
Great Barrington, on the Wednesdays next after the first Tuesdays 
in February, May, August, and November. At Lanesborough, on 
the 2d Tuesdays in January, April, July, and October. 

County Commissioners. 

Asahel Foote, Williamstown, Chairman ; Seth Norton, New Marl- 
boro' ; John Nye, Lee. 

Special Commissioners. — Elisha Rockwell, Peru ; Edw. P. Wood- 
worth, Great Barrington. 

Times of Meeting. — At Lenox, on the 1st Tuesdays in January, 
April, July, and September. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 
Geo. N. Briggs, Robert F. Barnard, W. E. Brayton, Horatio By- 



BEKKSHIEE COUNTY. 71 

ington, Ezekiel R. Colt, Daniel N Dewey, Bartlett Doten, Stoddard 
Hubbell, Calvin Martin, Chas. M. Owen, J. Q. Robinson, Charles 
Sedgwick, Increase Sumner, Henry L. Sabin, Wm. S. Tucker, Ralph 
Taylor, William P. Walker, Geo. J. Tucker. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 



Adams, Benj. F. Robinson, W. 
H. Tyler, E. D. Whittaker. 

Cheshire, Russell Brown. 

Egremont, Wilbur Curtis. 

Gt. Barrington, Incr. Sumner. 

Lee, William Porter. 

Lenox, Henry W. Bishop, Chas. 
Sedgwick, George J. Tucker, Wm. 



Peru, Cyrus Stowell. 

Pittsjield, Phineas Allen, George 
N. Briggs, Henry Hubbard, En- 
sign H. Kellogg, Calvin Martin, 
Thos. F. Plunkett, Julius Rock- 
well, Nathan Willis. 

Sandisfield, Daniel Sears. 

Sheffield, Robert F. Barnard, 



S. Tucker, Thos. Twining, Wm.'Edward F. Ensign. 

P. Walker. Stockbridge, J. Z. Goodrich, 

New Marlboro', Edw. Stevens, jWm. Williams. 
Seth Norton. Williamstown, Henry L. Sabin. 

Otis, Lester Filley. ' 

Justices of the Peace. 

Adams, Washington Adams, O. Arnold, E. Bailey, Samuel Bowen, 
Thomas A. Bowen, Samuel M. Bowerman, H. J. Bliss, W. E. Bray- 
ton, Robert R. Briggs, Jeremiah Colgrove, H. L. Dawes, Isaac 
Dean, O'Conner B. Duncan, Isaac Hodges, Daniel Jenckes, Charles 
Marsh, Wm. C. Plunkett, Andrew A. Richardson, Thomas Robin- 
son, James T. Robinson, F. O. Sayles, Alpheus Smith, L. C. Thayer, 
W. H. Warner. 

Alford, H. Dewey, Reuben C. Fitch, Norman Lester, William 
Milligan, R. Pickett, E. C. Ticknor, E. K. Williams. 

Becket, Wm. O. Bell, Gaius Carter, Mark P. Carter, Charles O. 
Perkins, Timothy Snow. 

Cheshire, Russell C. Brown, James Brown, Richmond P. Brown, 
L. G. Cole, Hollis Mansfield, Ira Richardson, James N. Richmond, 
Nathan Sayles, John Welles, John C. Wolcott. 

Clarksburg, Salah Clark. 

Dalton, Alpheus Brown, John C. Chase, John Chamberlain, Henry 
Ferre, Granville D. Weston. 

Egremont, John Austin, James Baldwin, Samuel Bacon, R. P. 
Brown, S. B. Dewey, Nathan Benjamin, S. C. Newman, J. H. 
Rowley. 

Florida, Nahum P. Brown, Dennis Thayer, Israel Whitcomb. 

Gt. Barrington, Miles Avery, Charles N. Emerson, A. Giddings, 
Charles Hudson, Samuel Newman, Isaac Seeley, George Pynchon, 
Samuel Rosseter, Henry Wheeler, Francis Whiting, Edward P. 
Woodworth. 



72 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Hancock, Leonard Doty, Wm. Farnum, Silas H. Gardner, Joshua 
Gorton, Calvin P. Lapham, Wm. Lapham, Augustus L. Smith, Jason 
White. 

Hinsdale, John Cady, 0. P. Colt, Chas. S. Kittredge, Edward T. 
Nash, Charles H. Plunkett, Charles K. Tracy. 

Lanesborough, Sherman Curtis, W. T. Filley, Lyman Hall, Socra- 
tes Squires, Alden Worden, Richard Whitney. 

Lee, Hubbard Bartlett, Caleb Belden, Lewis Beach, Lorenzo D. 
Brown, Jonathan F. Cook, Leonard Church, Franklin Chamberlin, 
Garfield Harrison, Alexander Hyde, Hansom Hinman, John Nye, 
George W. Platner, Franklin Sturgis, Asa G. Welch. 

Lenox, Henry W. Bishop, Oliver Dewey, James Collins, Chas. 
Matoon, Thomas Sedgwick, George J. Tucker, William S. Tucker, 
Thos. Twining. 

Monterey, John D. Bidwell, James Freeman, E. B. Garfield, 
Milton Judd. 

Mi. Washington, John Campbell, Stanton A. Campbell, Bela N. 
Clark, Jer. Dibble, Ira Schutt. 

New Ashford, Phineas Harmon. 

N. Marlborough, Dan Adams, Edwin Adams, Jarvis N. Collar, 
Noah Gibson, Seth Norton, Levi L. Smith, Loren Smith, Augustus 
Turner, Harlow S. Underwood, Harry Wheeler. 

Otis, Aaron Judd, Elam P. Norton, Henry W. Porter, Bavil Sey- 
mour, Henry Seymour, Marshall Wilcox. 

Peru, Ebenezer Haskell, Henry Pierce, Milo Stowell. 

Pittsjield, Amos Barnes, Henry S. Briggs, Ezekiel R. Colt, James 

D. Colt, Richard C. Cogswell, James H. Dunham, N. S. Dodge, L: 
H. Gamwell, Levi Goodrich, Thomas A. Gold, Thomas G. Gold, E. 
H. Kellogg, Theo. Hinsdale, Jared Ingersoll, Matthias R. Lanckton, 
Calvin Martin, Hosea Merrill, Jr., Elias T. Merwin, Phineas L. Page, 
Geo. S. Willis. 

Richmond, Wm. Bacon, George W. Kniffin, William S. Leadbetter, 
Eli Richmond, Erastus Rowley, John Sherrill, Wm. Stevens, Elea- 
zer Williams. 

Sandisfield, Henry Abbe, John H. Allen, Erastus Beach, Edwin 
Bosworth, Samuel C. Parsons, Joshua M. Sears, Joseph Sears, Uriel 
Smith, Lyman Webster, Josiah Wolcott. 

Savoy, Bradish Dunham, Harmon Snow. 

Sheffield, James Bradford, Jr., Ira Curtis, Bartlett Doten, Elijah S. 
Deming, Jno. A. Laffargue, Oliver Peck, Billings Palmer, Lovett Taft. 

Stoclcbrldge, Philip Barnes, Alanson Bennett, Calvin Dewey, Jona. 

E. Field, Robert E. Galpin, John Z. Goodrich, Charles M. Owen, 
Samuel C. Parsons, Jabez Lane, Marshall Warner, Wm. Whitney. 

Tyringham, Eli Hale, John W. Sweet. 

Washington, Wm. G. Ballentine, Wm. F. Bell, Philip Eames. 
W. Stockbridge, George G. Foskett, Samuel Gates, Norman Shel- 
don, Henry W. Taft. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 73 

Williamstown, James Corbin, Daniel N. Dewey, Franklin E. Fos- 
ter, Stephen Hosford, Thomas C. Phelps, Henry L. Sabin, Samuel 
Smith, Augustus Starkweather, Nathaniel G. Waterman. 

Windsor, William A. Bates, Reuben Pierce, Philo Wright, Levi 
M. Winslow. 

Notaries Public. 



Adams, William E. Bray ton. 

Gt. Barrington, C. N. Emerson, 
Henry Wheeler. 

Lanesborough, W. T. Filley. 

Lee, Franklin Chamberlain, 
William Porter, Jr. 



Pittsfield, James Buel, James 
Burt, E. R. Colt. 

Sheffield, Robert F. Barnard. 

Stockbridge, Junius D. Adams, 
Hor. Byington, Dan'l R. Williams . 

W. Stockbridge, Henry W. Taft. 



Coroners. 

Adams, John Holden, B. F.| Pittsfield, J. S. Cole, Jared In- 
Robinson, Reuben Whitman. gersoll, N. Strong. 

Alford, Stephen M. Church. Richmond, Phineas Richards. 

Great Bamngton, Isaac Avery.l Sandisfield, Erastus Rice. 

Hancock, John Gorton. Savoy, Melvin Bowker. 

Hinsdale, Walter Tracy. j Sheffield, Sidney Jones. 

Lee, Samuel D. Sturgis, Abner Stockbridge, Daniel B. Fenn. 
Taylor. Tyringham, Elijah Garfield. 

Peru, Eli Pierce, David Wat- West Stockbridge, Wm. Jones, 
kins. Williamstown, John R. Bulkley, 

Solomon Bulkley. 

Sheriff, Thomas Twining, Lenox. 

Deputy -Sheriffs ; Adams, (North,) John Holden, William Hods- 
kins, Edm. South wick ; (South,) Erasmus D. Babbitt, Jabez Hall ; 
Charlemont, J. Potter ; Chester, (Factories,) Charles W. Knox ; Dal- 
ton, G. W. Branch ; Great Barrington, Calvin C. Crane, A. W. Kel- 
logg; Hancock, Russell Grant ; Lanesborough, Lyman Hall, Jr. ; Lee, 
A. H. Pease ; Lenox, Isaac C. Ives ; North Marlborough, Harlow Un- 
derwood ; Otis, Moses Day ; Sandisfield, E. Bosworth ; Sheffield, 
Ralph Little, Jr. ; Stockbridge, Daniel B. Fenn ; West Stockbridge, 
William Jones ; Williamstown, Solomon Bulkley ; Worthington, C. 
C. Parish. 

Crier of Courts, Joel Davis ; Jailer, Isaac C. Ives. 

Overseers of House of Correction. 
George J. Tucker, Charles Sedgwick. 



7* 



74 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

BRISTOL COUNTY. 

Judge of Prolate, Oliver Prescott, N. Bedford. 

Register of Probate, Anselm Bassett, Taunton. 

Register of Deeds, (N. District.) Joseph Wilbur, do. 

Register of Deeds, (S. District,) Benj. T. Congdon, N. Bedford. 

County Treasurer, James P. Ellis, Taunton. 

Clerk of Courts, James Sproat, do. 

Probate Court, holden at Taunton, on the Friday next after the 
1st Tuesday of January, on the 1st Tuesdays of March and No- 
vember, on the. first Friday next after the first Tuesday of June, and 
on the Friday next after the 1st Tuesday of August. At New Bed- 
ford, on the 1st Tuesdays of February, June, and December. At 
Freetown, on the 1st Tuesday of January. At Rehoboth, on the 
1st Tuesday of April. At Pawtucket, on the 1st Friday next after 
the 1st Tuesday of April and October. At Norton, on the 1st 
Tuesday of July. At Westport, on the 1st Tuesday of August. 
At Seekonk, on the 1st Tuesday of September. At Fall River, on 
the 1st Tuesday of October. At Attleborough, on the 1st Tuesday 
of May. 

County Commissioners. 

John Baylies, New Bedford, Chairman ; James W. Crossman, 
Taunton ; Lemuel Perry, Norton. 

Special Commissioners. — Joseph E. Read, Fall River ; Wooster 
Carpenter, Seekonk. 

Times of Meeting. — At Taunton, on the 4th Tuesdays in March 
and September. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Samuel Crocker, Hez. Battelle, James P. Ellis, James Ford, Rod- 
ney French, Eli Haskell, Charles J. Holmes, Foster Hooper, Phi- 
neas W. Leland, J. H. W. Page, Horatio Pratt, James C. Stark- 
weather, James Sproat, William A. F. Sproat, William H. Taylor, 
James D. Thompson, Amos A. Tillinghast, Joseph S. Tillinghast, 
Joseph Wilbur. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Attleborough, Elkanah Briggs, Noah Claflin, Elisha G. May. 

Dartmouth, Joseph GifFord, Elihu Slocum. 

Fairhaven, Nath. S. Spooner, Joseph Tripp. 

Fall Paver, Hez. Battelle, Simeon Borden, Wm. B. Canedy, James 
Ford, John Godfrey, Foster Hooper, Phineas W. Leland, Joseph E. 
Read. 

Freetown, Elnathan P. Hathaway. 

New Bedford, Henry H. Crapo, Benjamin Combs, Eli Haskell, 



BRISTOL COUNTY. 75 

Abraham H. Howland, J. H. W. Page, Sampson Perkins, Oliver 
Prescott, Paul Spooner, Joseph S. Tillinghast. 

Norton, Jacob Shepard. 

Pawtucket, Apollos Cushman. 

Raynham, Amos Hall. 

Rehoboth, Samuel Bullock. 

Seekonk, Johnson Gardner, Seth Whitmarsh. 

Swansey, John Mason. 

Taunton, Anselm Bassett, Francis Baylies, James P. Ellis, Ichabod 
Lincoln, James Sproat, Wm. A. F. Sproat. 

Westport, Abner Brownell, Gamaliel Church. 

Justices of the Peace. 

Attleborough, Ellis Blackington, Harvey Claflin, Joseph W. Ca- 
pron, Elihu Daggett, H. P. Daggett, Abijah M. Ide, Hartford Ide, 
Jesse F. Richards, Geo. B. Richards, Seneca Sanford, Peter Thacher, 
Dan. Wilmarth, Moses Wilrnarth. 

Berkley, Barzillai Crane, W. S. Crane, Jabez Fox, Edwin French, 
Sam. French. Eph. French, Jr., Nath. Townsend. 

Dartmouth, Thos. Almy, Francis D. Bartlett, E. S. Crapo, Shad- 
rach Davis, Jr., Wm. Mason, H. S. Packard, James T. Slocum, Hiram 
Whalen. 

Dighton, Crocker Babbitt, Simpson Chase, Leonard Gooding, David 
Hathaway, Joseph Pitts, Bradford Pratt, Seth Talbot, Alfred 
Wood. 

Easton, Oliver Ames, Jr., Jos. Barrows, Moses C. Dunbar, Alvan 
Gilmore, Tisdale Harlow, Sebea Howard, Cyrus Lathrop, Howard 
Lathrop, John Pool, Wm. Reed, John Seele. 

Fairhaven, Rufus Allen, Cyrus E. Clarke, Thomas Davis, John A. 
Hawes, Levi James, Geo. Mandell, E. G. Morton, Alfred Nye, Abiel 
P. Robinson, Ezekiel Sawin, Asa Swift, Isaiah F. Terry, John Terry, 
Pardon Taber, Ansel White. 

Fall River, Milton Andros, Israel Anthony, Cyrus Alden, Josiah 
C. Blaisdell, Nath'l B. Borden, Benj. Earl, George W. Fowle, Lewis 
Lapham, Anthony Mason, James M. Morton, David Perkins, Eliab 
Williams, Benj. F. Winslow. 

Freetown, Ephm. Atwood, Bradford Brayley, Charles A. Morton. 

Mansfield, Wm. B. Bates, Darwin Dean, Heman Hall, Elijah 
Hodges, Edward Kingman, Schuyler Shepard. 

New Bedford, Abraham Barker, Lincoln F. Brigham, Thomas B. 
Bush, Isaac Case, J. H. Collins, Timothy G. Coffin, Benj. Coombs, 
Chas. T. Congdon, Jas. B. Congdon, John Davis, Thomas Davis, J. 
F. Dearborn, Thomas D. Eliot, J. L. Ferguson, Thomas A. Greene, 
Edward W. Greene, Isaac D. Hall, Albert D. Hatch, James How- 
land, Luther G. Hewins, Seth H. Ingalls, Ephraim Kempton, Benj. 
Lincoln, Thos. Mandell, Adam Mackie, Samuel S. Packard, John A. 



76 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Parker, J. H. W. Page, Jonas R. Perkins, Wm. Phillips, Isaac Rich- 
ardson, William R. Rodman, Calvin Staples, Silas Stetson, Joshua C. 
Stone, Wm. C. Taber, James D. Thompson, Wm. H. Taylor, Am- 
brose Vincent. 

Norton, Daniel S. Cobb, John Crane, Leonard Hodges, Cromwell 
Leonard, Eddy Lincoln, Henry Newcomb, Lemuel Perry, Jacob 
Shepard, Laban M. Wheaton. 

Paivtucket, Simpson Chase, Apollos Cushman, Claudius B. Farns- 
worth, Jabel Ingraham, Washington Kent, Geo. Mason, Lewis Pierce, 
Alvin O. Reed, James C. Starkweather. 

Raynham, Eliab B. Dean, Thomas M. Keith, Abisha Lincoln, 
Chas. Robinson, Godfrey Robinson, S. D. Wilbur. 

Rehoboth, James Blanding, Samuel Bullock, Raymond H. Burr, 
Asaph L. Bliss, Sylvester Hunt, Lemuel Morse, Joseph Nichols, 
Granville Stephens, Cyrus M. Wheaton. 

Seekonk, Samuel Allen, Tristram Burgess, Jr., Davis Carpenter, 
Wm. Ide, Jesse Medbury, Viall Medbury, Samuel Shove, Lewis 
Walker, Geo. K. Wheaton. 

Somerset, Philip Bowers, John D. Cartwright, Jonathan B. Slade. 

Swansey, George Austin, John Earle, Thomas Peck, E. P. Short. 

Taunton, George B. Atwood, Anselm Bassett, Edward K. Bennett, 
Samuel Breck, Thos. C. Brown, Benj. Caswell, Wm. A. Crocker, 
Horatio L. Danforth, Benj. R. Dean, Samuel O. Dunbar, Joshua 
Drown, James P. Ellis, Andrew H. Hall, William Haskins, Samuel 
B. King, Ichabod Lincoln, Theodore L. Lincoln, Allen Presbury, 
Horatio Pratt, Chester I. Reed, Wm. Seaver, Jesse B. Smith, Wm. 
A. F. Sproat, Wm. Sekel, Silas Shepard, Stephen L. White, Henry 
Williams, Benj. F. Williams, James M. Williams, Sidney Williams, 
Joseph Wilbur, George Walker, George M. Woodward. 

Westport, Nathan C. Brownell, Geo. H. Gifford, Andrew Hicks, 
Benj. B. Sisson, Wm. White. 

Notaries Public. 

Attleborough, Lyman W. Dean. 

Fairhaven, Philemon Fuller, Nath'l S. Spooner, Isaiah F. Terry, 
John Terry. 

Fall River, Cyrus Allen, Hez. Battelle, Henry H. Fish, James Ford, 
Lewis Lapham, David Perkins, Eliab Williams. 

New Bedford, Lincoln F. Brigham, J. H. Clifford, T. G. Coffin, 
H. G. O. Colby, Henry H. Crapo, Benjamin T. Congdon, T. Dawes 
Eliot, J. H.^W. Page, Robert C. Pitman, William H. Taylor, Bor- 
den Wood, Augustus L. West. 

Pawtucket, Apollos Cushman, Claudius B. Farnsworth. 

Taunton, C. J. H. Bassett, Jas. P. Ellis, Benj. F. Presbury, William 
A. F. Sproat. 

Westport, Nathan C. Brownell. 



DUKES COUNTY. 



77 



Coroners. 



Attleborough, Peter Thacher, 
Samuel Tyler. 

Berkley, Dean Burt. 

Dartmouth, Samuel Barker, Ste- 
phen Taylor. 

Dighton, Crocker Babbitt. 

Easton, Daniel Macomber. 

Fairhaven, Jona. Wilbur. 

Fall River, Seth Darling, Har- 
vey Harden, Samuel L. Thaxter. 

Freetown, Eben W. Pierce. 

Mansfield, Simeon Green. 

Norton, C. Leonard. 



New Bedford,Wm.Gordon, Wm. 
O. Russell. 

Pawtucket. R. Sherman, N. A. 
Potter. 

Raynham, Amyntas Shaw. 

Rehoboth, Cromwell Bliss. 

Seekonk, Caleb Carpenter, Ezra 
French, John Miller, William Ide. 

Somerset, Philip Bowers. 

Swansey, Israel Gardner. 

Taunton, T. C. Brown, Oliver 
Soper, Jr., James Woodward. 

Westport, Peleg W. Peckham. 



Sheriff, Horatio L. Danforth, Taunton. 

Deputy -Sheriffs : Attleborough, George B. Richards ; Berkley, Dean 
Burt ; Dartmouth, Lemuel Mosher ; Easton, Edward W. Dean ; Fall 
River, Chester W. Greene ; New Bedford, John Baylies, Wm. Gor- 
don, Jacob L. Porter, Daniel Ripley; Norton, Austin Messenger; 
Pawtucket, Robert Sherman ; Taunton, Elias A. Morse, James Wood- 
ward ; Westport, Isaac Francis. 

Crier of Courts, Oliver Soper, Taunton ; Jailers, Elias A. Morse, 
Taunton ; Jacob L. Porter, New Bedford. 

Commissioners of Wrecks. 
Dartmouth, Thomas Almy, Prince Sears, Jr.; New Bedford, Charles 
Grinnell. 



Judge of Probate, 
Register of Probate, 
Register of Deeds, 
County Treasurer, 
Clerk of the Courts, 



DUKES COUNTY. 

Theodore G. Mayhew, 
Barnard C. Marchant, 
Josiah H. Smith, 
Frederick Baylies, 
Daniel Fellows, 



Edgartown. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Probate Court, holden at West Tisbury, on the 3d Monday of Jan- 
uary. At Holmes' Hole, on the 3d Monday of April. At Edgartown, 
on the 3d Mondays of July and October. 



County Commissioners. 

Herman Vincent, Chilmark, Chairman ; Jeremiah Pease, Edgar- 
town ; Stephen Skiff, Tisbury ; Thomas Bradley, Tisbury. 

Times of Meeting. — At Edgartown, on the Wednesday next after 
the 3d Monday in May, and on the Wednesday next after the 2d 
Monday in November. 



78 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Thomas Bradlee, Thomas Cook, Theodore G. Mayhew, Elihu P. 
^ase, Jeremiah Pease. 

Justices of iJie Peace and Quorum. 

Edgartown, Theodore G-. Mayhew, John P. Norton, Daniel Fel- 
lows, Joseph T. Pease. / 

i 

Justices of the Peace. 

ChilmarJc, Asa John, Smith Mayhew, W. W. Swain. 

Edgartown, James H. Beetle, Henry A. Coffin, David Davis, Hiram 
Jernegan, Harrison P. Mayhew, John Mayhew, Joseph Mayhew, 
Jeremiah Pease, Joseph T. Pease, Elijah B. Vincent, Hebron Vin- 
cent. 

Tisbury, Bartlett Allen, Charles G. Athearn, Thomas Bradlee, 
Jonathan Luce, Jr., William A. Mayhew, Alfred Norton, Eliakim 
Norton. 

Notaries Public. 

ChilmarJc, Tristram Allen, Jr. 

Edgartown, James H. Beetle, David Davis, Daniel Fellows, Joseph 
Mayhew, Theodore G. Mayhew, Shaw Norris, Joseph T. Pease. 
Tisbury, George Dunham, John Holmes, Asa Johnson. 

Coroners. 

ChilmarJc, William Mayhew. 
Edgartown, Samuel Kenniston. 
Tisbury, James Cottle. 
Sheriff, Isaiah D. Pease, Edgartown. 

Deputy-Sheriffs ; CJiilmark, Thomas L. Lumbert ; Tisbury, Jona. 
Luce, Jr. 

Crier of Courts, Samuel S. Daggett ; Jailer, Samuel S. Daggett. 

Commissioners of Wrecks. 

Edgartown, William P. Chadwick, E. G. Pease ; ChilmarJc, Thos. 
H. Lumbert. 

Commissioner in Charge of Indians in DuJces County. 
Leavitt Thaxter, Edgartown. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



79 



ESSEX COUNTY* 



Judge of Probate, 


Daniel A. White, 


Salem. 


Register of Probate, 


Nath. Lord, Jr., 


Ipswich 


Register of Deeds, 


Ralph H. French, 


Salem. 


County Treasurer, 


Wm. F. Wade, 


Ipswich 


Clerk of Courts, 


Ebenezer Shillaber, 


Salem. 



Probate Court in Essex County. 

Some changes as to the times and places of holding the probate 
court were made in 1848. Times changed in Newburyport, An- 
dover, and Gloucester : No change in Salem, Ipswich, Haverhill, 
Marblehead, or Lynn : Two terms ordered at Lawrence. 

All the times and places of holding the court in the county may 
be seen in the following table : — 



Months. 


1st Tues. i 


Wed. foll'ng 
1st Tues. 


2d Tues. 


3d Tues. 


Last Tues. 


January. July. 
February.* August.f 
March. September. 
April. October; 
May. .November. 
June. December. 


Salem. 

Ipswich. 

Ipswich. 

Salem. 

Ipswich. 

Ipswich. 


Lynn. 
Marblehead. 


a Andover. 
Lawrence. 


Gloucester 
Salem. 

Haverhill. 
Salem. 


Newbury pt. 
Newburypt. 



* a North Parish. 



f a South Parish. 



County Commissioners. 
Asa W. Wildes, Newburyport, Chairman ; John I. Baker, Beverly, 

Lewis Allen, Dan vers ; William Pool, 



Benj. Mudge, Lynn. 

Special Commissioners. 
Rockport. 



Times and Places of Meeting. — At Ipswich, on the 2d Tuesday 
of April ; Salem, on the 2d Tuesday of July ; Newburyport, on the 
2d Tuesday of October. On the 4th Tuesday of December, at 
Salem, Newburyport, or Ipswich, as the Court may determine at the 
term next preceding. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers, 

Asa Andrews, Nathan W. Hazen, Wm. B. Banister, John Cook, 
James H. Duncan, William Ferson, George Hodges, Asahel Hun- 
tington, John Hooper, Charles Kimball, John G. King, Nath. Lord, 



* The office of the Clerk of the Courts is in the Court House, Salem, second room on 
the right. 

The Registry of Deeds is in the Court House, Salem, third room on the right. 

The Couniy Treasurer's Office, and the Probate Office, are in Ipswich, eleven miles 
from Salem by the Eastern Railroad. The Probate Courts, in Salem, are held in the 
Court Room. 



80 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Jr., Samuel Merrill, Stephen Minot, Lonson Nash, Moses Pettin- 
gell, John Porter, John Punchard, Robert Rantoul. Ebenezer Shil- 
laber, Samuel S. Trefry, John Tenney, Charles White, Daniel A. 
White, Nathan White, George Wilson, N. W. Harmon, Geo. Wheat- 
land, Rufus Longley. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Amesbury, Joshua Colby. 

Andover, Samuel Farrar, Nathan W. Hazen, Samuel Merrill, 
Mark Newman, Gayton P. Osgood. 

Beverly, Franklin Dexter, Robert Rantoul, Robert Rantoul, Jr. 

Bradford, George Savary, Jer. Spofford. 

Ijanvers, John W. Proctor, Jos. Shed. 

Essex, David Choate. 

Gloucester, Wm. Ferson, Lonson Nash, Henry Phelps. 

Haverhill, J. H. Duncan, Alfred Kittredge, Stephen Minot, Moses 
Wingate, Charles White. 

Ipswich, Josiah Caldwell, Wm. Conant, Charles Kimball, Nathaniel 
Lord, Jr., Wm. F. Wade. 

Lawrence, Nathan W. Harmon. 

Lynn, Isaac Brown, Geo. Hood, Asa T. Newhall, Thos. B. New- 
hall, Jer. C. Stickney. 

Marblehead, William Fabens. 

Methuen, John Tenney. 

Newbury, Daniel Adams, Moses Pettingell. 

Newburyport, John Cook, Caleb Cushing, Henry W. Kinsman, 
Stephen W. Marston, John Merrill, Ebenezer Moseley, Edward S. 
Rand, Geo. Titcomb. 

Salem, Benj. F. Brown, Jos. S. Cabot, Ralph H. French, Frederick 
Howes, John G. King, Elisha Mack, E. F. Miller, Stephen C. Phil- 
lips, John Punchard, David Roberts, Ebenezer Shillaber, Nathaniel 
Silsbee, Larkin Thorndike, Stephen P. Webb, Daniel A. White, 
Joseph G. Waters. 

Topsfield, Royal A. Merriam. 

Wenham, Edmund Kimball. 

West Newbury, John Moody, Moses Newell, Dean Robinson. 

Justices of the Peace. 

Amesbury, Lowell Bagley, Wm. C. Binney, Amos Currier, David 
French, William H. Haskell, Jos. Merrill, Jr., John S. Morse, Wm. 
Nichols, Robert Patten, Patten Sargent. 

Andover, Amos Abbott, Jedediah H. Barker, Jedediah Burt, Isaac 
Carruth, Herman P. Chandler, Francis Cogswell, Moses Foster, 
Jr., Enoch Frye, 3d, John C. Farnham, John Flint, Abr. J. Gould, 
Samuel Gray, Geo. Hodges, Samuel Johnson, Jr., Wm. Johnson, Jr., 
Henry Osgood, James Stevens, Jr., Nathaniel Stevens. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 81 

Beverly, John I. Baker, Stephens Baker, F. W. Choate, Charles 
Davis, Hez. Foster, J. E. Ober, John Porter, Edw. Pousland, Chas. 
Stephens, T. Stephens. 

Boxford, M. Dorman, Jr., Solomon Lowe, Geo. W. Sawyer, Enoch 
Wood. 

Bradford, Wm. S. Balch, Geo. Coggswell, Wm. Greenough, 
Benj. Greenleaf, Jos. Hall, Edm. Kimball, Eliph. Kimball, Nathaniel 
Ladd, Benjamin Parker, Amos Parker, Jacob W. Reed, Jeremiah 
Spofford. 

Danvers, Alfred A. Abbott, Lewis Allen, Moses Black, Jr., Asa 
Gardner, Ebenezer Hunt, Andrew Nichols, Chas. Northend, Geo. 
Osborne, Geo. Osgood, Israel Porter, Fitch Pool, P. Putnam, E. 
Sutton, Stephen Upton. 

Essex, Ezra Perkins, Jr., Jona. Story, 3d. 

Georgetown, Jeremiah P. Jones, Jeremiah Russell, Charles S. 
Tenney. 

Gloucester, John J. Babson, Theo. Herrick, Gideon Lane, 
John W. Lowe, Alfred Presson, Joseph Reynolds, William Saville, 
Charles Sawyer, Jr., Joshua P. Trask, John Webber, Samuel 
L. Young. 

Haverhill, John Brickett, Jacob Caldwell, Thomas N. Chase, W. 
D. S. Chase, Jesse Clement, Eph. Corliss, John R. Easterbrooks, M. 
G. J. Emery, James Gale, Samuel E. Greenleaf, E. J. M. Hale, 
Chas. B. Hall, Isaac R. Howe, Nathaniel S. Howe, Thos. M. Hayes, 
Rufus Longley, Moses Merrill, John James Marsh, Wm. Taggart. 
Thos. West, Chas. White. 

Hamilton, Oliver S. Cressy, Temple Cutler, Allen W. Dodge, Jos. 
Knowlton, Nathaniel A. Lovering, Asa Smith. 

Ipswich, Asa Andrews, Timothy Appleton, Josiah Caldwell, Aaron 
Cogswell, Gilbert Conant, Wm. Conant, Geo. Haskell, George R. 
Lord, Aaron Wallis, Asahel H. Wildes. 

Lawrence, Daniel D. Akerman, Enoch Bartlett, Geo. W. Benson, 
Benj. Bordman, George P. Briggs, Charles H. Bigelow, George D. 
Cabot, Perley S. Chase, David J. Clark, J. F. Clark, Jos. Couch, 
Robert Cross, Andrew Foster, Nathan W. Harmon, Leonard Hoyt, 
Wm. M. Kimball, Charles S. Newell, C. G. Newton, H. K. Oliver, 
Daniel Saunders, Daniel Saunders, Jr., Chas. S. Storrow, Ivan 
Stevens, Thos. A. Parsons, Wm. Stevens, Dan. Weed, Thomas 
Wright. 

Lynn, James Babb, Daniel C. Baker, William Bassett, Andrews 
Breed, Isaiah Breed, Isaac Brown, Oliver B. Coolidge, Edward S. 
Davis, George Foster, George Johnson, Welcome W. Johnson, 
Aaron Lummus, Alonzo Lewis, Thomas J. Marsh, Benj. Mudge, 
Benj. F. Mudge, Asa T. Newhall, Jr., Francis S. Newhall, James R. 
Newhall, Josiah Newhall, Thos. B. Newhall, Daniel Perley, Jos. N. 
Sanderson, Robert M. Richardson. 



82 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Lynnfield, J. Hewes, Andrew Mansfield, Jr., A. T. Newhall, Jr., 
Josiah Newhall. 

Manchester, John P. Allen, Jos. Hooper, Benjamin Leach, 2d. 

Marblehead, William Fabens, Samuel Goodwin, James Gregory, 
William Hawks, John G. Hooper, John Sparhawk, Jr., Joseph P. 
Turner. 

Methuen, Stephen Barker, 2d, Jos. W. Carlton, John Davis, Stephen 
Gage, Jos. How, Jos. F. Ingalls, George A. Waldo, Josiah G. 
White. 

Middleton, Ebenezer S. Phelps. 

Newbury, Jacob Atkinson, Richard Adams, Daniel Coleman, David 
S. Caldwell, Joshua Coffin, Jos. G. Gerrish, Benj. W. Hale, Nath. 
Hills, Stephen Jackman, Joseph Little, Josiah Little, Moses Little, 
M. Lunt, Thomas S. Ordway, Orlando B. Merrill, Andrew W. Mil- 
timore, Elias Nayson, Daniel Noyes, Samuel Poor, Jr., Edmund 
Smith, Seth Sweetser, P. T. Winkley. 

Newburyport, Charles H. Balch, William B. Bannister, Hor. Bick- 
ford, Wm. Bradstreet, Tristram Coffin, Tristram Coffin, Jr., Jer. 
Coleman, Solomon H. Currier, William Davis, Geo. Emery, Henry 
Frothingham, Nathaniel Foster, John Harrod, Jac. Horton, Nath. 
Hills, Eleazer Johnson, 3d, Edwin Lawrence, Edmund L. LeBreton, 
W. A. Marston, Edward S. Mosely, J. Porter, Samuel Phillips, Wm, 
Stover, Ebenezer F. Stone, John B. Swasey. 

Rockport, George D. Hale, Jas. Haskell, Joseph B. Manning, Wm. 
Pool, William Whipple. 

Rowley, Richard Herbert, Thomas E. Payson, John Proctor, Edw. 
Todd. 

Salem, Nath. K. Allen, Joseph Andrews, Nath. Appleton, John 
Ball, Benjamin Barstow, Robert Brookhouse, Neh. Brown, Jr., Eph. 
Brown, Jr., John T. Burnham, Oliver Carlton, George F. Cheever, 
Joseph Cloutman, Robert Cloutman, Horace Conelly, E. Hersey 
Derby, Humphrey Devereux, George H. Devereux, Chas. M. Endi- 
cott, Wm. H. Foster, Hen. L. Lambert, Nath. J. Lord, Otis P. Lord, 
Thomas Needham, Abijah Northey, John H. Nichols, William D. 
Northend, Francis Peabody, George Peabody, Robert Peel, Stephen 
H. Phillips, David Pingree, Thomas P. Pingree, David Putnam, 
Perley Putnam, David Roberts, Augustus D. Rogers, John Russell, 
George H. Smith, Joseph E. Sprague, William Sutton, Augustus 
Story, John W. Treadwell, Chas. W. Upham, Nath. West, George 
Wheatland, Jona. Worcester. 

Salisbury, Henry M. Brown, Wm. Caruthers, Thos. I. Clark, Cyrus 
Dearborn, John Evans, Dudley Evans, Ebenezer French, Enoch 
Fowler, Daniel M. Gerrish, Azor O. Webster. 

Saugus, Wm. H. Boardman, Jos. Dampney, Benj. F. Newhall. 

Topsjield, Jos. W. Batchelder, William N. Cleaveland, Zacheus 
Gould, Andrew Gould, Chas. H. Holmes, John G. Hood, Joel Lake, 
Richard Phillips, Jr. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



83 



Wenham, Andrew Dodge, Nich. Dodge, Moses Foster, Edmund 
Kimball, John Porter. 

West Newbury, John C. Carr, EHph. Emery, Edm. Hills, John 
Moody, M. Newell, Thomas S. Ordway, Dean Robinson. 

Notaries Public. 

Andover, Samuel Merrill. ■ Lynn, Edward S. Davis, James 

Beverly, Stephens Baker, Fred- R. Newhall, Benj. Oliver, Amos 



erick W. Choate. 

Danvers, Samuel Preston, John 
W. Proctor, Jos. Shed. 

Georgetown, George Foot, Jer. 
Russell. 



Rhoades. 

Newbury, Asa W. Wildes. 

Newburyport, Wm. Bradstreet, 
John Cook, Nath. Foster, Samuel 
'Phillips, John Porter, Wm. Stover, 



Gloucester, Wm. Ferson, Wm. John B. Swasey, Asa W. Wildes. 
Saville, Joshua P. Trask. Rockport, James Haskell. 

Haverhill, John James Marsh,! Salem, Oliver Carlton, Joseph 
Nathaniel Taggart, Chas. White. Cloutman, Eph. F. Miller, Jos. F. 

Lawrence, Daniel D. Akerman, B. Osgood, John Punchard, John 
N. W. Harmon, Dan Weed. ;Russell, Larkin Thorndike, Jos. 

Marblehead, Samuel Bowden, G. Waters, Stephen P. Webb. 
Wm. Fabens, Jas. Gregory. j Salisbury, Henry F. Brown. 

Coroners. 

Andover, Joseph Rice. Marblehead, Samuel Bowden, 

Bradford, William S. Balch, James Gregory. 
Jona. Kimball, Jr., Amos Parker.i Methuen, Josiah Dearborn. 

Essex, Caleb Coggswell. Newbury, Daniel Adams, 3rd, 

Gloucester, William Ferson. Orlando B. Merrill. 

Haverhill, Trueman M. Martyn. : Newburyport, John Cook, Jr. 

Ipswich, Theodore Andrews. L West Newbury, John Moody. 

Lynn, Plumer Chesley, William Salem, Nehemiah Brown, N. D. 
Rhoades, Eleazer C. Richardson, Symonds, Wm. Brown. 
Samuel Vial. Salisbury, Henry M. Brown, 

Lynnfield, John Upton. Edward Dorr, Elias French. 

Lawrence, Jonathan W. Curtis, Topsjield, Richard Phillips, Jr. 
0. W. Osborn. i 

Sheriff, Joseph E. Sprague, No. 384 Essex-street, Salem. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Amesbury, Ichabod B. Merrill ; Andover (North), 
Moody Bridges ; Danvers, Andrew Torr ; Georgetown, Otis Thomp- 
son ; Haverhill, Jacob Howe ; Ipswich, Theodore Andrews ; Lynn, 
Charles Merritt ; Lawrence, Bailey Bartlett ; Marblehead, Samuel 
Bowden ; Newburyport, George Greenleaf, John Akerman ; Rowley, 
Gorham Smith ; Salem, Nehemiah Brown. 

Crier of Courts, Theodore Andrews, Ipswich. 

Jailers ; Ipswich, Ira Worcester ; Newburyport, John Akerman. 



84 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Salem, Samuel Day. Keeper of House of Correction, Ira Worcester. 
Pilots, Gloucester, Daniel S. Webber, Moses Parsons, Jr. 
Pilots, Salem, Joseph Perkins, I. Perry, Francis S. Wallis. 
Com. of Wrecks, Theo. Andrews, Ipswich. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



Judge of Probate, 
Register of Probate, 
Register of Deeds, 
County Treasurer, 


Geo. Grennell, 
Wendell T. Davis, 
Almon Brainard, 
Almon Brainard, 


Greenfield, 
do. 
do. 
do. 


Clerk of Courts, 


Henry Chapman, 


do. 



Probate Court, holden at Greenfield, 2d Tuesdays of February, 
March, and May, 4th Tuesday in August, 2d Tuesday in October, 
1st Tuesday in November, and 3d Tuesday in December. At Con- 
way, 1st Tuesday in February and 3d in July. At Charlemont, 3d 
Tuesday in May and October. At Orange, last Tuesday of April 
and the 3d Tuesday of September. At Northfield, on the Wednes- 
days next after the last Tuesday of April and the 3d Tuesday in Sep- 
tember. 

All processes and matters returnable to the Courts at Wendell, 
on the last Tuesday of April and 3d Tuesday of September may be 
acted upon at the Courts holden at Orange ; and all processes and 
matters returnable to the Courts at Warwick, on the Wednesday 
next after the last Tuesday of April and the 3d Tuesday of Septem- 
ber, may be acted upon at the Court at Northfield. At Lock's 
Village, Shutesbury, on Friday next after the last Tuesday of April 
and the Friday next after the 3d Tuesday of September. 

(All Acts providing for holding Probate Courts in Warwick and 
Wendell were repealed in 1850.) 

County Commissioners. 

Josiah Goddard, Orange, Chairman ; Lucius Nims, Greenfield ; 
Asa Severance, Shelburne. 

Special Commissioners. — Jona. Budington, Leyden ; Elijah Ingram, 
Leverett. 

Times of Meeting. — At Greenfield, on the 1st Tuesdays in March 
and September, and 2d Tuesdays in June and December. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Almon Brainard, Henry Chapman, Sylvester Maxwell, Horatio G. 
Newcomb, Richard E. Newcomb, Horace W. Taft. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 85 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 



George T. Davis, George Gren- 
nell, Horatio G. Neweomb, Frank- 
lin Ripley, Lewis Stone. 

Leverett, Win. B. Washburn. 

Northfield, Samuel C. Allen. 

Sunderland, Horace W. Taft. 



Bernardston, Henry W. Cush- 
man. 

Charlemont, Sylvester Maxwell. 

Coleraine, Charles Thompson. 

Deerfield, Pliny Arms. 

Greenfield, David Aiken, Al- 
mon Brainard, Henry Chapman, 

Justices of the Peace. 

Ashfield, Henry Bassett, Jasper Bement, Wait Bement, Charles 
Knowlton, Chester Sanderson, Thomas White. 

Bernardston, John E. Burk, Aretas Ferry, Zebina C. Newcomb. 

Buckland, Ezra Howes, Thomas B. Montague, Rufus Trowbridge, 
John Tobey. 

Charlemont, Stephen Bates, Asahel Judd, Hart Leavitt, Roger H. 
Leavitt, Alexander P. Maxwell, Elias Taylor. 

Coleraine, Amos Bardwell, Samuel Coolidge, John Drury, Jonathan 
Johnson, Wm. Lanfair, Calvin W. Shattuck, Amos Stewart, Erastus 
Taylor, Charles Thompson, Jonathan Totman, John Wilson. 

Conway, Phineas Bartlett, Horace B. Child, Albert Clark, Asa 
Howland, Austin Rice, James S. Whitney. 

Deerfield, Isaac Abercrombie, Jr., William Chapman, Hor. Hawkes, 
Jona. Hawkes, Henry K. Hoyt, Amos Russell, Jonathan A. Saxton, 
R. Saxton, Samuel Ware, Artemas Williams, John Wilson, Samuel 
Willard, Jr. 

Erving, Fordyce Alexander, Elisha Smith. 

Gill, Eliphalet S. Darling, Joel Lyons, John A. Tenney. 

Greenfield, D. W. Alvord, David N. Carpenter, Wendell T. Davis, 
Richard E. Field, Whiting Griswold, David S. Jones, Harvey C. New- 
ton, Lucius Nims, H. G. Parker, Ansel Phelps, Alfred Wells, David 
Willard. 

Hawley, Calvin S. Longley, John Vincent. 

Heath, Luther Gale, Joseph W. Hunt, A. H. Taylor. 

Leverett, Alden C. Field, Zebina Field, Francis Frary, Elisha M. 
Hatch, Timothy B. Rice. 

Leyden, Fernando W. Carlton, John Mowry, 2d, Hezekiah New- 
comb, Eli W. Packer. 

Montague, Apollos Gunn, N. F. Henry. 

Munroe, Charles Phelps, Martin Ballou, Walter Smith. 

New Salem, W. T. Davis, Emerson Fay, Sam'l Giles, Alpheus 
Harding, Josiah B. Harding, William Smith, Jabez E. Whipple. 

Northfield, Zebulon Allen, Richard Colton, Alfred R. Field, Timo- 
thy Field, Chas. Mattoon, James White. 

Orange, H. Baker, P. Barton, Otis Brooks, Stephen Emery, Josiah 
Goddard, Zina Goodell, D. Goddard, Solomon Howard, Horace Hunt, 
Asa Maynard, John R. Whipple, Hiram Woodward. 
8* 



86 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Rowe, Solomon R. Drury, Humphrey Gould, Ebenezer Starr, 
William Taylor, Noah Wells. 

Shelburne, Apollos Barnard, Zebulon W. Field, Elam Kellogg, 
Asa Severance, S. J. W. Tabor. 

Shutesbury, Josiah Beaman, Hardin Hemmenway, Nath'l Macom- 
ber, J. L. Smalledge, Joseph Winter. 

Sunderland, Charles Cooley, William Delano, Ashley Hubbard, 
Clark Rowe. 

Warwick, Jona. Blake, Abijah Eddy, James Goldsbury, Joseph 
Stevens. 

Wendell, Otis Brooks, Thos. D. Brooks, Lucius Cook, Martin 
Grout, Jabez Sawyer, Jr., Jona. Whitaker. 

Whately, Josiah Allis, Henry Barnard, Chester Bardwell, 2d, Dan- 
iel Brown, Thomas Crafts, Silas Frary, Roderick B. Harwood, Saml. 
Lesure, David Stockbridge, Justice White, Luke B. White, S. B. 
White. 

Notaries Public. 

Bernardston, Henry W. Cushman ; Greenfield, William H. Allen, 
Chas. K. Grennell, Franklin Ripley. 

Coroners. 

Charlemont, Samuel Potter. Northfield, Richard Colton, Sim- 

Conway, Chr. Arms. eon A. Field. 

Deerfield, Isaac Abercrombie,JrJ Sunderland, William Delano. 
Leverett, Sylvanus Field. Warwick, William R. Russell. 

Greenfield, D. N. Carpenter, 
David S. Jones. 

Sheriff, Samuel H. Reed, Greenfield. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Ashfield, Anson Bennett ; Charlemont, Samuel 
Potter ; Coleraine, Thomas Magee ; Greenfield, Henry Frink ; Mon- 
tague, Solomon C. Wells ; New Salem, Wilson Andrews and Elisha 
Alexander ; Orange, Ansel Lesure. 

Crier of Courts, David Wright ; Jailer, Henry Frink ; Overseer of 
House of Correction, Franklin Ripley. 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 




Judge of Probate, 


Oliver B. Morris, 


Springfield 


Register of Probate, 


Justice Wiliard, 


do. 


Register of Deeds, 


William Rice, 


do. 


County Treasurer, 


William Rice, 


do. 


Clerk of Courts, 


Richard Bliss, 


do. 



Probate Court, holden at Springfield on the first Tuesdays of Janu- 
ary, February, March, April, June, July, November, and 4th Tues- 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 87 

days of April, August, and September. At Westfield, on the 3d 
Tuesdays of March, June, September, and December. At Monson, 
on the 2d Tuesday of June ; and at Palmer, on the 2d Tuesday of 
September. 

County Commissioners. 

Norman T. Leonard, Westfield, Chairman ; Melvin Copeland, 
Chester ; Wm. V. Sessions, Wilbraham. 

Special Commissioners. — Elizur Bates, Springfield; Lucius F. 
Newton, Monson. 

Times of Meeting. — At Springfield, on the 2d Tuesday of April, 
and 1st Tuesday of October, and 4th Tuesday of June and De- 
cember. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

William G. Bates, George Bliss, Richard Bliss, Reuben Boies, 
Wm. B. Calhoun, James W. Crooks, James Fowler, Oliver B. Morris, 
Justice Willard. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Chicopee, John Wells. 

Holyoke, Chauncy B. Rising. 

Longmeadow, Wm. White. 

Springfield, George Ashmun, Erasmus D. Beach, Reuben A. Chap- 
man, James W. Crooks, Josiah Hooker, John Hooker, Henry Mor- 
ris, Solomon Warriner, Justice Willard. 

West Springfield, Reuben Champion. 

Westfield, Matthew Ives, N. T. Leonard. 

Wilbraham, Abel Bliss. 

Justices of the Peace. 

Blandford, Enos Boies, Lyman Gibbs, Eli Pease, David P. Rob- 
inson. 

Brimfield, Henry F. Brown, Ebenezer Knight, Asa Lincoln. 

Chester, John J. Cook, Daniel Collins, Jr., Edward Hubbard, 
Forbes Kyle, Jabin B. Williams, T. K. D'Wolff. 

Chicopee, Sylvan us Adams, Robert E. Bemis, R. P. Boies, David 
M. Bryant, Pliny Cadwell, Timothy W. Carter, Austin Chapin, 2d., 
Orange Chapin, Wm. McKinstry, Charles R. Ladd, Alpheus Nettle- 
ton, Amos W. Stockwell, A. L. Soule, John Wells. 

Granville, Charles F. Bates, James Cooley, Aaron L. Curtis, Vin- 
cent Holcomb, Samuel Root, Asa Seymour. 

Holyoke, C. H. Branscomb, Harvey Chapin, Warren Chapin, 
Henry Ely, Cyrus Frink, E. L. Miller, Lester Newell, A. S. Peck, 
Fayette Smith, G. L. Squier. 



88 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Holland, David B. Dean, John Wallis. 

Longmeadow, Lorin Burt, John F. Crooks, Jos. McGregory, B. 
Salisbury. 

Ludlow, Charles Alden, Geo. Booth, Ephm. C. Jenks, Elisha T. 
Parsons, Theo. Sikes. 

*Monson, Austin Fuller, Oliver M'Kinstry, Hiram Newton, Timo- 
thy Packard, Joseph L. Reynolds, Walter Smith, John W. Smith, 
Jacob Thompson, Jonathan Tbrrey. 

Montgomery, David Allen, Oren Parks, Edward Taylor. 
Palmer, Samuel Atwood, Moses Barnes, Alonzo V. Blanchard, 
Rufus Brown, Gamaliel Collins, Samuel L. Fleming, Aaron King, 
Cyrus Knox, Jacob B. Merrick, Nathaniel May, A. R. Murdock, 
Marcus M. Shearer, William M. Shearer, Calvin Torrey, Elias Tur- 
ner, Frederic T. Wallace, John Ward. 

Russell, James Bishop, Newman Bishop, Jr., Rowland Parks. 
Southwick, Joseph M. Forward, Joseph Forward, Amasa Hol- 
comb. 

Springfield, David Ames, Allen Bangs, Frederic A. Barton, John 
J. Bassett, Benj. F. Blood, E. W. Bond, Samuel Bowles, Walter H. 
Bowdoin, William Bridgman, Erasmus D. Beach, Rufus Chandler, 
Chester W. Chapin, Samuel S. Day, Waitstill Hastings, Solomon 
Hatch, Charles C. Hayward, Josiah Hooker, John Hooker, Joseph 
Ingraham, Eliphaz Jones, Daniel Lombard, Roger S. Moore, Henry 
Morris, Richard D. Morris, George B. Morris, James H. Morton, 
Simeon Newell, Joseph W. Newcomb, Lorenzo Norton, Ansel Phelps, 
William Rice, Otis A. Seamans, Heman Smith, Benjamin Sikes, Jas. 
Stebbins, Wellington Thompson, Henry Vose, Solomon Warriner, 
George Walker, Leonard B. Wight. 

Tolland, George W. Granger, Joseph D. Slocum, Philander 
Twining. 

Wales, Absalom Gardner, Cornelius Miller, A. Needham, John 
Smith. 

Westfield, Jehiel Abbott, John J. Bassett, William Blair, Patrick 

Boies, Edward B. Gillet, David Moseley, Silas Root, Asa B. Whitman. 

W. Springfield, Homer Ely, Samuel Flower, Alfred Flower, 

Spencer Flower, Newbury Norton, Wells Southworth, Levi S. Rust, 

Daniel G. White, Lester Williams. 

Wilbraham, Samuel Bebee, Steward Bebee, Marcius Cady, John 
M. Merrick, John B. Morris, Jesse W. Rice, Walter Stebbins. 



Notaries Public. 

Chicopee, A. L. Soule, John T. D. Pel ton, Jas. M. Thompson, 
Wells. jHenry Vose, George Walker. 

Springfield, Ephm. W. Bond,! Westfield, William G. Bates. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



89 



Coroners. 



Southwick, Gideon Styles. 
Springfield, Elijah Blake, Har- 
vey Chapin, John B. Kirkham. 
Wesifield, Jehiel Abbott. 
Wilbraham, William Clark. 



Brimfield, Alvan Janes. 
Chicopee, Clark Albro. 
Holyoke, Robert G. Marsh. 
Monson, Austin Fuller, Hiram 
Newton. 

Palmer, Elias Turner. 

Sheriff", Caleb Rice, Springfield. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Brimfi eld, James Brown ; (Cabotville,) Nathaniel 
Cutler; Chester, P. B. Cook, Charles W. Knox; (Chicopee,) E. 
Adams; E. Granville, Timothy M. Cooley, 2d; Holyoke, Robert G. 
Marsh ; Ludlow, Jesse Miller ; Palmer, Elisha Converse, Jr. ; Spring- 
field, Joseph W. Gorham ; Wes'field, Frederic Bush. 

Crier of Courts, William Hatfield ; Jailer, Ralph Day ; Overseers 
of House of Correction, Stephen C. Bemis, Willis Phelps, John B. 
Kirkham. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



Judge of Probate, 
Register of Probate, 
Register of Deeds, 
County Treasurer, 
Clerk of Court, 



Ithamar Conkey, Amherst. 

Samuel F. Lyman, Northampton. 

Harvey Kirkland, do. 

Charles Delano, do. 

Samuel Wells, do. 

Probate Court, holden at Northampton, 1st Tuesday in each 
month. At Amherst, 2d Tuesday in January and August. At Bel- 
chertown, 2d Tuesday in May and October. At Chesterfield, 3d 
Tuesday in May and 3d Tuesday in October. 

County Commissioners. 

Joseph Cummings, Ware, Chairman; Joel Hayden, Williamsburg; 
Haynes H. Chilson, Northampton. 

Special Commissioners. — George Allen, Hadley ; Elkanah Ring, 
Jr., Worthington. 

Times of Meeting. — At Northampton, 1st Tuesdays in March, 
April, September, and December, and Tuesday next after the 2d 
Monday of June, annually. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 
Ithamar Conkey, Mark Doolittle, Myron Lawrence, David Mack, 
Solomon Stoddard, Samuel Wells, Eliph. Williams. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 



Amherst, J. W. Boy den, I. Con- 
key, E. Dickinson, David Mack. 

Belchertown, Mark Doolittle, 
Myron Lawrence. 



Chesterfield, Dyar Bancroft. 
Enfield, Epaphras Clark. 
Greenwich, Laban Marcy. 
Hadley, Charles P. Phelps. 



90 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Hatfield, Israel Billings. i Stoddard, Oliver Warner, Saml. 

Northampton, Osmyn Baker, C. Wells. 
E. Forbes, Charles P. Hunting- | Southampton, Asahel Chapman, 
ton, Samuel F. Lyman, Solomon | Worthington, Chaun. B. Rising . 

Justices of the Peace. 

Amherst, Lucius Boltwood, Elbridge G. Bowdoin, Ithamar F. Con- 
key, Simeon Clark, Daniel Dickinson, Enos Dickinson, Baxter East- 
man, Leonard M. Hills, James Kellogg, Cyrus Kingman, Luke 
Sweetser. 

Belchertown, Leonard Barrett, H. A. Bridgman, Wright Bridg- 
man, James H. Clapp, Justus Forward, Seth D. Griggs, Asahel 
Goodell, Ralph Owen, Wm. Phelps, David Rice, Israel Towne. 

Chesterfield, Dyar Bancroft, Benjamin Bryant, Oliver Edwards. 

Cummington, Elisha Mitchell, Nathan Orcutt, William Packard, 
Eliphalet Packard, William Swan. 

Easthampton, Luther Clark, Moses Ferry, Ebenezer Ferry, Saml. 
Williston. 

Enfield, Oliver Bryant, E. Clark, Ichabod Pope, Josiah B. Wood, 
Rufus D. Wood. 

Goshen, Luther Stone, Benj. White. 

Granhy, Rodney Ayres, Wm. Belcher, Urban Carver, Phiio Cha- 
pin, Chas. S. Ferry, William J. Patrick. 

Greenwich, Stephen Douglass, John Northum, Andrew H. Sears, 
John Warner. 

Hadley, George Allen, Simeon Dickinson, Chas. P. Hitchcock, 
Stephen Johnson, G. C. Kellogg, Dexter M. Leonard, J. A. Morton, 
Samuel Nash, James B. Porter, Moses Porter, John B. Porter, Eph- 
raim Smith, Joseph Smith, Cotton Smith, Orlando Smith, Jason 
Stockbridge, Parsons West, Perez S. Williams. 

Hatfield, Israel Billings, George W. Hubbard, Austin Smith, Jos. 
Smith. 

Middlefield, Uriah Church, John Smith." 

Northampton, William Allen, Jr., Benjamin Barrett, Justus Boies, 
Amos H. Bullen, John Clark, H. H. Chilson, Charles Delano, Wm. 
O. Gorham, Joseph Haskins, James Hibben, Roswell Hubbard, Jos. 
S. Kingsley, Harvey Kirkland, Asahel Lyman, Samuel Parsons, Milo 
J. Smith, Daniel Stebbins, Oliver Warner, Eliphalet Williams. 

Norwich, Aaron H. Dimock, Francis Harwood, A. B. Kirkland, 
Samuel Kirkland, Joseph Stanton, Washington Stevens, Horace 
Taylor. 

Pelham, Cheney Abbott, Calvin D. Eaton, Henry Kingman, John 
Parmenter. 

Plainfield, Elijah Clark, Isaac R. Lincoln, Jason Richards, Ebene- 
zer Snell, George Vining. 

Prescott, Samuel Henry, Horace Hunt, Stacy Linzie, Nathan 
Vaughan. 

South Hadley, Wm. Bowdoin, S. D. Brooks, Titus Clark, Edwin 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 91 

Dickinson, O. P. Ingraham, Alonzo Lamb, Daniel Paine, G. A. 
Smith. 

Southampton, Asahel Birge, E. Edwards, Jonathan N. Judd, Sam'l 
Lyman. 

Ware, John Bowdoin, Joseph Cummings, Arthur L. Devens, Jo- 
siah French, Geo. H. Gilbert, Aaron Gould, William Hyde, Samuel 
T. Spaulding. 

Westhampton, Joel Cook, John A. Judd, Almon B. Ludden, Jesse 
Lyman. 

Williamsburg, L. Bodman, S. H. Clapp, Bela P. Clapp, Joel Hay- 
den, Elisha Hubbard, Spencer Root, Perez Smith, Samuel S. Wells, 
Addison H. White. 

Worthington, Hiram Bagg, Elisha H. Brewster, Elkanah Ring, 
William Ward. 

Notaries Public. 



Amherst, Edward Dickinson. 
Belchertown, Mark Doolittle. 
Chesterfield, Dyar Bancroft. 
Enfield, Epaphras Clark. 
Northampton, Chas. Delano, Jas. 



Hibben, Daniel Stebbins, Josiah 
D. Whitney. 

Ware, Arthur L. Devens, Sam'l 
T. Spaulding. 



Coroners, 



Amherst, Solomon K. Eastman. 
Brimfield, Albin Janes. 
Belchertown, Ralph Owen. 
Chesterfield, Francis Burnell. 



Greenwich, Stephen Douglas. 
Hatfield, Austin Smith. 
Northampton, Ansel Wright. 
South Hadley, S. D. Brooks. 



Sheriff", Samuel L. Hinckley, Northampton. 

Deputy- Sheriff's ; Amherst, Frederick A. Palmer ; Belchertown, 
Henry A. Longley; Chester, Charles W. Knox; Chesterfield, Wm. 
L. Stetson ; Enfield, Rufus Church ; Northampton, Ansel Wright, 
G. F. Wright; Palmer, Alonzo N. Dewey; South Hadley, Joel 
Miller ; Ware, Joseph Hartwell. 

Crier of Courts, Christopher Wright ; Overseers of House of Cor- 
rection, Samuel Wells, Chas. Delano ; Jailer, and Master of House of 
Correction, Christopher Wright. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

Judge of Probate, Samuel P.P. Fay, Cambridge. 

Register of Probate, Isaac Fiske, Weston. 

Register of Deeds, Caleb Hayden, E. Cambridge, 

County Treasurer, Stedman Buttrick, Concord. 

Clerk of Courts, Seth Ames, E. Cambridge. 



92 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Probate Court, holden at Cambridge, on the 2d Tuesdays of Jan- 
uary and June, on the 3d Tuesdays of March, May, November, and 
December : on the 1st Tuesday of September, and on the 2d Tues- 
day of October. At Concord, on the 2d, Tuesdays of February, 
April, August, and November. At Charlestown, on the 3d Tuesdays 
of February and August. At Framingham, on the last Tuesdays of 
June and October. At Groton, on the 1st Tuesdays of May and 
November. At Lowell, on the 1st Tuesdays of March, June, and 
December, and 3d Tuesday of September. At Woburn, on the 4th 
Tuesday of April. 

County Commissioners. 

Daniel S. Richardson, Lowell, Chairman ; L. M. Huntress, Tewkes- 
bury ; Ebenezer Baker, Charlestown. 

Special Commissioners. — William Hastings, Framingham ; John 
Fletcher, Acton. 

Times and Places of Meeting. — At Cambridge, on the 1st Tuesday 
of January, and at Concord, on the 1st Tuesdays of June and Sep- 
tember. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Josiah Adams, Nathan Brooks, Caleb Butler, Christopher W. Bel- 
lows, Benjamin P. Dix, Moses Edgell, Samuel P. P. Fay, Isaac Fiske, 
John W. Graves, Wm. Livingston, Joseph Locke, John G. Palfrey, 
Leonard M. Parker, Wm. Sawyer, Charles Thompson, John Walton, 
Paul Willard, Nathaniel Wright. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Acton, Francis Tuttle. 'Adams, Samuel A. Brown, JefFer- 

Cambridge, Seth Ames, J. T. son Bancroft, H. G. F. Corliss, 
Buckingham, Ephraim Buttrick, Nathan Crosby, Asa W. Farr, 
James D. Green, Abraham Hil- John W. Graves, Elisha Hunting- 
Hard, Asa F. Lawrence, Isaac Liv- ton, Tappan Wentworth. 
ermore, Wm. Parmenter, Nath'l Natick, Chester Adams. 
Whitney. Newton, Amos Allen, Joel Ful- 

Carlisle, Amos Spaulding. ler, Nathaniel S. Partridge, An- 

Charlestown, Arthur W. Austin, drew H. Ward. 
James Dana, James K. Frothing- Pepperell, John Walton, 
ham, Wm. Sawyer. Shirley, L. M. Parker. 

Concord, Nehemiah Ball, Fran-j Watertown, Tyler Bigelow, Levi 
cis R. Gourgas. iThaxter. 

Dracut, Wm. P. Webster. West Cambridge, James Russell. 

Groton, Caleb Butler, Bradford; Westford, John Abbott. 
Russell. Weston, Isaac Fiske. 

Lowell, Josiah G. Abbott, Joel J Woburn, Leonard Thompson. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 93 



Justices of the Peace. 



Acton, Nathan Brooks, Robert Chaffin, Winthrop E. Faulkner , 
Alden Fuller, Daniel Wetherbee. 

Ashland, Win. F. Ellis, C. F. W. Parkh.urst. 

Ashby, Ezekiel Colman, Amos Wellington, Luke Wellington, 
Alexander T. Willard, Francis W. Wright. 

Bedford, Reuben Bacon, P. W. Chamberlain. 

Billerica, John Baldwin, John Baldwin, Jr., Dudley Foster, Wm. 
H. Odiorne, Marshall Preston, Samuel Rogers, George H. Whit- 
man. 

Boxbord 1 , Cephas Hartwell, Samuel Hayward, Oliver Wetherbee. 

Brighton, Elijah Clark, Charles Heard, John S. Kelly, Edward 
Sparhawk, Noah Starbuck, Isaac Story, Jr., Wm. Warren. 

Burlington, Nathan Blanchard, Abner Shed. 

Cambridge, Henry M. Chamberlain, John B. Dana, Eliphalet 
Davis, Abraham Edwards, Nathan Fiske, Thad. W. Harris, Caleb 
Hayden, Ezekiel Hayden, John Henshaw, Bela Jacobs, Joseph Loth- 
rop, John S. Ladd, Charles C. Little, George W. Livermore, Jas. 
Luke, Lorenzo Marett, Charles R. Metcalf, Lucius R. Page, Jona. 
Wheeler, Benj. W. Whitney. 

Carlisle, Calvin Heald, John Heald. 

Charlestown, Macon B. Allen, Henry D. Austin, Benjamin Badger, 
Ebenezer Barker, Joseph F. Boyd, Moses G. Cobb, Nathaniel W. 
Coffin, Samuel P. Croswell, Thomas M. Devens, David Dodge, 
Henry P. Fairbanks, George Farrar, Samuel M. Felton, Jacob 
Foss, Jacob Forster, H. K. Frothingham, Richard Frothingham, 
Henry Gardner, James Hunnewell, Nathan Merrill, Charles W. 
Moore, George P. Sanger, Abraham B. Shedd, Thomas Sumner, E. 
T. Swift, Joseph F. Tufts, Benjamin Thompson, George W. War- 
ren, Paul Willard. 

Chelmsford, Benjamin Adams, Ebenezer Adams, William Adams, 
Dr. J. C. Bartlett, Alpheus Spaulding, Joseph Reed, Eli F. Web- 
ster. 

Concord, George M. Brooks, Josh. Buttrick, John M. Cheney, 
Charles B. Davis, Ebenezer R. Hoar, Phineas S. How, John S. Keyes, 
Daniel Shattuck, Elisha Wheeler. 

Dunstable, Allen Cumings, Josiah Cummins, Henry Parkhurst, 
Jas. Swallow. 

Dracut, C. Blood, Jr., D. Blood, Abel Conant, Ira Hall, Israel 
Hildreth, Peter Lawson, Perley Parker, Wm. Smith. 

Framingham, Joseph Ballard, Jonas Cloyes, Moses Edgell, C. C. 
Estey, Charles Fiske, Joseph Fuller, Jonathan Greenwood, Warren 
Nixon, Henry Richardson, Lorenzo Sabine, Ebenezer Stone, Elias 
Temple, Charles R. Train, Simon Whitney, John Wenzell. 

Groton, Jona. S. Adams, George S. Boutwell, John Boynton, Ed- 



94 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

win Coburn, Benjamin P. Dix, George F. Farley, Calvin Fletcher, 
Daniel Needham, Jacob C. Poilard, Noah Shattuck. 

Holliston, Benjamin F. Baehelder, Elias Bullard, Wm. Claflen, 
Ebenezer H. Currier, Elihu Cutler, Elisha Cutler, Abner Johnson, 
Alden Leland, Eliel Littlefield, Samuel Payson, Abel Pond. 

Hopkinton, S. D. Davenport, Abijah Ellis, Silas Merrick, Augustus 
Phipps, Moses Phipps, Jefferson Pratt, Joseph Valentine. 

Lexington, Amos Adams, William Chandler, Benj. Fisk, Nathaniel 
Mullikin, J. Muzzy, Simon W. Robinson, Royal B. Willis. 
Lincoln, Elijah Fiske, Abel Wheeler. 

Littleton, Daniel Bolles, Benjamin Dix, Jonathan Hartwell, James 
Kimball. 

Lowell, Julian Abbott, Edwin A. Alger, Otis Allen, John Avery. 
J. H. B. Ayer, Homer Bartlett, Ithamar A. Beard, Ithamar W. 
Beard, John Bennett, H. G-. Blaisdell, Arthur P. Bonney, Benjamin 
F. Butler, John A. Buttrick, George H. Carlton, R. B. Caverly, 
Joshua Converse, Alanson Crane, S. L. Dana, Wm. Davidson, 
Benjamin Dean, Robbins Dinsmore, James Dinsmore, James K. 
Fellows, Cyril French, Benjamin F. French, Abraham French, 
Josiah B. French, Andrew J. Gunnison, John A. Knowles, Jonathan 
Ladd, Rufus Lapham, William Livingston, Sewall G. Mack, George 
W. Mansfield, Stephen Mansur, Abraham Mead, Isaac S. Morse, 
Thos. Ordway, Frederic Parker, Ephraim B. Patch, Henry D. Phelps, 
Bushrod W. Poor, Peter Powers, Daniel S. Richardson, William A. 
Richardson, Isaac Scripture, S. S. Seavy, Edward F. Sherman, 
Samuel W. Stickney, Joshua Swan, Geo. P. Waldron, Oliver M. 
Whipple, John Wright, Nathaniel Wright. 

Melrose, Jona. Cochran, Elbridge Greene, Isaac Emerson. 

Maiden (Centre.) William Bogle, Gilbert Haven, Benjamin G. 
Hill, Charles Lewis, William S. Stearns, Joshua Webster; (South,) 
Solomon Corey. 

Marlboro', Richard Far well, Isaac Hay den, Stephen Morse, Ste- 
phen Pope, Nicholson B. Proctor, Eli Rice, Solomon Weeks 5 Jabez 
S. Wetherbee, Wm. H. Wood. 

Medford, Jona. Brooks, Alexander Gregg, Aaron K. Hathaway, 
Edmund, T. Hastings, Judah Loring, Sanford B. Perry, John Spar- 
rell, James M. Usher. 

Natick, John W. Bacon, Moses Eames, Edward Wallcott. 

Newton, Joseph Bacon, Edward J. Collins, Seth Davis, Thomas 
Edmands, James Fuller, Wm. Jackson, Timothy Jackson, Samuel 
Jennison, Jr., ( Corner) ; Wm. Kenrick, Ezra Nichols, Marshall S. 
Rice, Stephen W. Trowbridge, Loring Wheeler. 

Pepperell, Christopher W. Bellows, Lemuel W. Blake, Samuel 
Farrar, Arnold Hutchinson, B. G. Robinson, Samuel Tucker. 

Reading, John Batchelder, Charles F. Flint, Daniel Flint, Stephen 
Foster, James Hayward, Abiel Holden, Chauncey P. Judd, Daniel 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 95 

Pratt, Jr., Thaddeus B. Pratt, Alfred A. Prescott, Joshua Prescott, 
Caleb Wakefield, Horace P. Wakefield. 

Sherburne, Jeremiah Butler, Amos Clark, Thomas J. Morse. 

Shirley, John H. Going, Israel Longley, John Park, Thomas 
Whitney. 

Somerville, Henry Adams, Alfred Allen, George O. Brastow, Ed- 
ward L. Stevens, Edmund Tufts, Columbus Tyler. 

South Reading, Lilley Eaton, O. B. Potter, Noah Smith, B. B. 
Wiley, Wm. H. Willis. 

Stoneham, Edward Bucknam, Geo. W. Dike, Solon Dike, Amasa 
Farrier, Ira Gerry, Alonzo V. Lynde, H. N. Perkins, Darius 
Stevens, John H. Wright. 

Stow, Seth Bass, Elijah Hale, Chas. Tower, Joel Walcutt, Edwin 
Whitney, Moses Whitney. 

Sudbury, C. G. Cutler, Lyman Howe, Nahum Thompson, Ephm. 
Stone. 

Tewksbury, Jona. Brown, Leonard Huntress, Horatio C. Merriam, 
John G. Moore, Elijah M. Reed, Wm. Rogers, Samuel Thompson. 

Townsend, Joel Adams, Noah Ball, Daniel Giles, Geo. Green, Sam- 
uel Jenkins, Jr., Levi Sherwin, Levi Stearns. 

Tyngsboro', Chas. Butterfield, A. F. Pierce. 

Waltham, Nath. P. Banks, Jr., Nahum Hardy, Arad Moore, S. B. 
Whitney. 

Watertown, Chas. Bemis, Seth Bemis, Isaac V. Bemis, Francis W. 
Bigelow, Hiram Hosmer, Isaac Bobbins, Wm. A. White, Grenville 
T. Winthrop. 

Vfayland, David Heard, Gustavus A. Somerby. 

W. Cambridge, James Clark, Jesse P. Patee, Thomas Russell. 

Westford, Ephm. Abbott, John W. P. Abbott, Trueworthy Keyes. 

Weston, Nathan Hagar, Isaac Jones, Benjamin Pierce. 

Wilmington, Henry Blanchard, Walter Blanchard, Wm. H. Carter. 

Winchester, Loring Emerson, Benj. F. Thompson. 

Woburn, Joshua P. Converse, Albert H. Nelson, John Nelson, 
Albert L. Richardson, Abijah Thompson, Cyrus Thompson. 



Notaries Public. 



Brighton, Charles Heard, John 
S. Kelly. 

Cambridge, Ephraim Buttrick, 
Henry M. Chamberlain, John B. 
Dana. 

Charlestoion, Moses G. Cobb, 
William Sawyer, G. Washington 
Warren. 

Concord, Nathan Brooks. 



Framingham, Josiah Adams. 
Rufus F. Brewer. 

Groton, Caleb Butler. 

Lowell, James G. Carney, John 
A. Knowles, David Hyde, S. W. 
Stickney. 

Newton, David Smith, (iV. Cor- 
ner^) Samuel Jennison, Jr. 



96 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Coroners. 



Acton, Luther Conant, Win- 
throp E. Faulkner. 

Ashby, Ezekiel Coleman, Alex. 
T. Willard. 

Cambridge, Nathan Fiske. 

Carlisle, Jonas Parker. 

Charlestown, Thomas Sumner, 
Daniel J. Coburn. 

Concord, Anthony Wright. 

Dracut, David Blood, Jr. 

Dunstable, Edmund Page, Jas. 
Swallow. 

Framingliam, Eliph. Richardson, 
Henry Richardson. 

Groton, Abel Farnsworth, Benj. 
Moore, Jacob Pollard. 

Holliston, Loammi Littlefield. 

Hopkinton, Silas Merrick. 



Lowell, Charles J. Adams, Jas. 
Fisher, Josiah B. French, Zac- 
cheus Shedd. 

Maiden, Theodore L. Styles. 

Marlboro', L. F. Wetmore. 

Medford, John T. White. 

Natick, Alexander Cooledge. 

Newton, Adolphus Smith. 

Pepperell, Isaac Boynton, Jr., 
Chs. Tarbell, Jr., Luther Tarbell. 

Reading, Abiel Holden. 

Sherburne, Jeremiah Butler. 

S. Reading, Jerem'h Bryant, Jr. 

Stoiv, Abm. Conant, J. Patch. 

Tewksbury, Thomas Clark. 

Townsend, Ebenezer Rawson, 
Quincy Sylvester. 

Wayland, Wm. Heard, 2d. 

Weston, Nathan Fiske. 



Sheriff, Samuel Chandler, Lexington. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Cambridgeport, Nathan Fiske ; Charlestown, Thos. 
Sumner; Concord, Moses Prichard ; E. Cambridge, Levi Parker; 
Framingliam, Eliphalet Wheeler ; Groton, Wm. C. Lewis ; Hopkinton, 
William A. Phipps ; Lowell, Jefferson Bancroft, Joseph Butterfield ; 
Newton, Adolphus Smith ; Townsend, Chas. Powers ; Wayland, Hor- 
ace Heard ; Woburn, Frederic Flint. 

Crier of Courts, Levi Parker ; Jailers, Abraham P. Sherman, Cam- 
bridge ; Samuel Staples, Concord; Samuel Meserve, Lowell. — Over- 
seers of House of Correction, Samuel Chandler, Lexington ; William 
Parmenter, Cambridge. — Master of House of Correction, Nathaniel 
Watson. 



NANTUCKET COUNTY. 

Judge of Probate, Samuel Mitchell, Nantucket. 

Reg. of Prob., Co. Treas., and Clerk of Courts, Geo. Cobb, do. 
Register of Deeds, Asa G. Bunker, do. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 
JamesM. Bunker, Geo. Cobb, Timothy Hussey, Chas. K. Whitman. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 
George Cobb, Chas. K. Whitman. 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 97 

Justices of the Peace. 

Nantucket) Frederic Arthur, Wm. Barney, John W. Barrett, Jas. 
M. Bunker, Asa G. Bunker, Caleb Cushman, Alfred Folger, Phillip 
H. Folger, Geo. H. Folger, Wm. C. Folger, Elisha P. Fearing, Edw. 
M. Gardner, Timothy Ilussey, Wm. Jenkins, Andrew M. Macy, 
Thomas Macy, James Mitchell, Samuel Mitchell, Wm. Mitchell, Chas. 
K. Whitman. 

Notaries Public. 

James M. Bunker, Caleb Cushman, Philip H. Folger, Samuel 
Mitchell, James Mitchell, C. K. Whitman. 
Sheriff, Uriah Gardner. 
Coroner, Elisha M. Hinckley. 

Crier of Courts, Caleb Cushman ; Jailer, William Randall. 
Master of House of Correction, Benjamin Lawrence. 

Commissioners of Wrecks. 
Nantucket, Frederic Arthur, Peter Folger, Philip H. Folger, Thos. 
A. Gardner, George Myrick ; Tuckanuck, Samuel B. Swain. 

Port Wardens. 
Ariel Coffin, Reuben G. Pinkham, David Thain. 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 



Judge of Probate, 


Sherman Leland, 


Roxbury. 


Register of Probate, 


Jonathan H. Cobb, 


Dedham. 


Register of Deeds, 


Enos Foord, 


do. 


County Treasurer, 


John Bullard, 


do. 


Clerk of Courts, 


Ezra W. Sampson, 


do. 



Probate Court, holden at Dedham, on the 1st Tuesday of each 
month, and at the dwelling-house of the Judge, in Roxbury, every 
Saturday afternoon, at 2 o'clock precisely. At Quincy, on the 2d 
Tuesdays of February, May, and August. At Roxbury, on the 4th 
Tuesdays of February, May, August, and November. At Wren- 
tham, on the 3d Tuesdays of May, August, and November. At Med- 
way, on the 3d Tuesdays of February, June, and October. 

County Commissioners. 

Samuel P. Loud, Dorchester, Chairman ; Nathan Jones, Medway ; 
James C. Doane, Cohasset. 

Special Commissioners. — Abraham F. Howe, Roxbury ; Timothy 
P. Whitney, Wrentham. 

Times of Meeting. — At Dedham, on the 3d Tuesday of April, and 
the 4th Tuesdays of June and September, and on the last Wednesday 
of December. 

9* 



98 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Daniel A. Cook, William Ellis, Melatiah Everett, Enos Foorc!, 
Joseph Harrington, Fisher A. Kingsbury, James Richardson, John P. 
Robinson, Ezra W. Sampson, Naaman L. White. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Bellingham, Noah J. Arnold, 1 Med field, Daniel Adams. 
Eliab Wight. Quincy, John M. Gourgas, John 

Braintree, Minot Thayer. Whitney. 

Canton, Ellis Ames. Randolph, Aaron Prescott,Royal 

Cohasset, James C. Doane. iTurner. 

Dedham, Ira Cleaveland, Jona.j Roxbury, Joseph Harrington, 
H. Cobb, William Ellis, Ezra W. Sherman Leland, Lucius M. Sar- 
Sampson, Ezra Wilkinson. 'gent, Wm. H. Sumner. 

Dorchester, Walter Baker, Hen-J Weymouth, Fisher A.Kingsbury, 
ry Gardner, Jesse Pierce. jLemuel Humphrey. 

Medway, Artemas Brown, Lu-' Wrentham, Melatiah Everett, 
ther Metcalf, Jos. L. Richardson. Cornelius Kollock. 

Milton, N. C. Martin, Nathaniel 
F. Safford. I 

Justices of the Peace. 

Bellingham, Noah J. Arnold, Francis D. Bates, John Bates, Elias 
Cook, Amos H. Holbrook, Stephen Lewett, Savil Metcalf, R. Scott. 

Braintree, Charles M. Fogg, Asa French, David Holbrook, Elias 
Hay ward, Edward Potter, Amos Stetson, Caleb Stetson, Judson Stod- 
dard, Naaman L. White, Freeman White, Jonathan Wild. 

Brookline,Wm. Aspin wall, Thomas Griggs, Artemas Newell, Charles 
Pope, Charles Wild. 

Canton, Francis W. Dean, Leonard Everett, Samuel B. Noyes, Na- 
than Tucker, Elisha White. 

Cohasset, Levi N. Bates, Solomon J. Beal, Thomas Bourne, George 
W. Collier, Martin Lincoln, Henry J. Turner, Laban Souther. 

Dedham, Thos. J. Bagley, Ira Cleveland, Stephen H. Cleveland, 
Jonathan H. Cobb, Colburn Ellis, Richard Ellis, Merrill D. Ellis, 
Enos Foord, Martin Marsh, Curtis G. Morse, Thomas Motley, Henry 
A. Penniman, E. G. Robinson, Thomas Sherwin, Jeremy Stimson, 
Samuel Swett, E. W. Taft. 

Dorchester, Orin P. Bacon, Edmund J. Baker, Joseph Ballister, 
E. J. Bispham, Darius Brewer, Asaph Churchill, Wm. H. Foster, 
Oliver Hall, Chas. Howe, Ed. King, S. P. Loud, Erasmus D. Miller, 
Thomas L. Moseley, Ab'm. Noyes, Alvah Phelps, Nathaniel F. Saf- 
ford, Edward Sharp, Ebenezer Tolman, Elijah Vose, Robert Vose. 

Dover, Sherman Battel, Daniel Mann, Elijah Perry. 

Foxboro\ Warren Bird, David Capen, John M. Everett, Henry 
Hobart, Joseph Kingsbury, George Sherman, S. S. Warren. 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 99 

• 

Franklin, Peter Adams, Paul B. Clark, Albert E. Daniels, Willis 
Fisher, John H. Fisher, Willard Fisher, Herman C. Fisher, Erastus 
Rockwood, Lewis Harding, Geo. W. Nason. 

Medfield, Obed Allen, Jonathan P. Bishop, John E. Bullard, Chas. 
Hamant, Abner Mason, Chas. C. Sewall. 

Medway, Seneca Barber, M. M. Fisher, Joel Hunt, John P. Jones, 
Horatio Mason, Christopher Slocum. 

Milton, Charles Breek, Jos. McK. Churchill, Jason W. Houghton, 
Jason Reed, James M. Robbins, Joseph Rowe, George Thompson; 
Ebenezer G. Tucker, Elijah Tucker, Moses Whitney. 

Needham, Josiah H. Carter, William Flagg, Daniel Kimball, Elisha 
Lyon, Charles Rice, Dexter Ware, E. K. Whitaker. 

Quincy, G. W. Beale, Lemuel Brackett, Josiah Brigham, Benjamin 
Curtis, Noah Curtis, W. B. Duggan, John M. Gourgas, John A. Green, 
William S. Morton, Israel W. Munroe, Geo. Newconib, Lysander 
Richards, John Whitney, Solomon Willard. 

Randolph, Eleazar Beal, Jr., N. C. Berry, Alex. E. Duboise, Zenas 
French, Thomas Howard, Joseph Linfield, Silas Paine, Benjamin 
Richards, Joshua Spear, Jr., Isaac Tower, Erastus Wales, Bradford 
L. Wales, Eph'm. Wales, Oramel White, Jonathan White. 

Roxbury, William Bacon, Jos. H. Billings, John J. Clarke, Isaac F. 
Coffin, Cornelius Cowing, William A. Crafts, Joseph Curtis, Nathaniel 
Curtis, Charles M. Ellis, John T. Ellis, John M. Fessenden, Wm. Gas- 
ton, Luther M. Harris, Joseph Heath, Joseph Hodges, Abraham F. 
Howe, William C. Hunneman, Francis Hilliard, W. R. Lee, Wm. 
S. Leland, James Mc Keith, Nathaniel S. Prentiss, Allen Putnam, 
William J. Reynolds, James Ritchie, Peter G. Robbins, Jonathan P. 
Robinson, Geo. R. Russell, Joshua Seaver, Francis G. Shaw, Thomas 
Simmons, Samuel A. Shed, John S. Sleeper, Ebenezer W. Stone, 
Jos. W. Tucker, S. C. Thwing, Samuel Walker, John Webber, 
William Whiting, Moses Williams, Michael Whittemore, Jr., Jona- 
than F. Woodside. 

Sharon, Asahel S. Drake, Elijah Hewins, N. Q. Tirrell. 

Stoughton, Elijah Atherton, Chas. A. French, Lemuel Gay, Clifford 
Keith, Enos Talbot, Joel Talbot, Eben. W. Tolman, James Tucker. 

Walpole, Francis W. Bird, Edmund W. Clapp, Truman Clarke, 
John M. Gannett, John A. Gould, Palmer Morey. 

Weymouth, E. S. Beals, Lovell Bicknell, Quincy Bicknell, Jr., 
Ira Curtis, Elijah F. Hall, Appleton Howe, Elias Hunt, James Jones, 
John W. Loud, Abner W. Paine, Alvah Raymond, John C. Rhines, 
Edmund Thomas, Benjamin Tirrell, Jr., Minot Tirrell, Noah Torrey, 
Noah Vining, Jr. 

Wreniham, Preston Day, Calvin Fisher, Jr., Silas P. Fisher, Jo- 
seph B. Jerrould, Silas Metcalf, Benj. N. Shepard, Allen Tillinghast, 
Joseph Tillinghast, Samuel Warner, Jr. 



100 



MASSACHUETTS STATE RECORD. 



Notaries Public. 

Cohasset, Tkos. Bourne, James Quincy, Ibrahim Bartlett. 
C. Doane. Roxbury, "William Bacon, Sher- 

Dedham, Lewis H. Kingsbury, man Leland, D. A. Simmons, Jas. 



Dorchester, Asaph Churchill. 

Milton, J. McK. Churchill, Na- 
than C. Martin. 

Randolph, Aaron Prescott, Ben- 
jamin Richards, Seth Turner. 



Russell, William Whiting, 1st. 

Weymouth, T. R. Hanson, F. A. 
Kingsbury. 

Wrentham, Meletiah Everett, 
Samuel Warner, Jr. 



Coroners. 



Bellingham, Edward C. Craig, 
H. Metcalf. 

Braintree, Jonathan French. 

Cohasset, Henry J. Turner. 

Dedham, Martin Bates, J. N. E. 
Mann. 

Dorchester, Robert Vose. 

Dover, El bridge Battel, William 
Cleveland, Hiram W. Jones. 

Franklin, Saul B. Scott. 



Milton, Alpheus T. French. 

Quincy, Lewis Bass. 
Randolph, Ezekiel French. 
Roxbury, Thomas Adams. 
Sharon, Elijah Hewins. 
Stoughton, Lemuel Gay. 

Weymouth, Silas Binney. 

Wrentham, David A. Fisher, 
Paul Fisher. 



Sheriff, Thomas Adams, Roxbury. 

Deputy -Sheriffs ; Canton, Charles Endicott ; Dedham, J. N. E, 
Mann, Geo. Alden ; East Medway, Nathan Jones ; Quincy, George 
H. French ; Randolph, Alexander Dubois ; Weymouth, Silas Binney ; 
Wrentham, Bradford S. Farrington. 

Crier of Courts, George Alden. 

Overseers of House of Correction, Martin Marsh, James Richardson, 
E. W. Sampson. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 



Judge of Probate, 
Register of Probate, 
Register of Deeds, 
County Treasurer, 
Clerk of Courts, 



Aaron Hobart, 
Jacob H. Loud, 
W. S. Russell, 
William R. Sever, 
John B. Thomas, 



E. Bridgewater. 
Plymouth. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



Probate Court is holden at Plymouth, on the 3d Mondays of Janu- 
ary, February, and May ; on the 2d Mondays of April and August; 
and on the 1st Monday of December. At Scituate, on the 1st Tues- 
days of March and June, and the last Tuesdays of August and Novem- 
ber. At East Bridgewater, on the 1st Tuesdays of April, July, and 
October. At Middleboro', on the 1st Tuesdays of May, August, and 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 101 

November. At Rochester, on the Wednesday next after the 1st 
Tuesday of- May, and Wednesday next after the 1st Tuesday in 
November. 

County Commissioners. 

Joshua Smith, Hanson, Chairman ; Ebenezer Pickens, Middleboro'; 
John Ford, Marshfield. 

Special Commissioners. — Theophilus King, Rochester ; Edward 
Southworth, North Bridgewater. 

Times of Meeting. — At Plymouth, on the 3d Tuesday in March, 
the 1st Tuesday of August, and on the 1st Tuesday of January. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Wm. Baylies, John Beal, Joseph Haskell, Aaron Hobart, Theoph- 
ilus King, Solomon Lincoln, Thomas Loring, Jacob H. Loud, Seth 
Miller, Jr., Hector Orr, Austin Packard, Peter H. Pierce, Anson 
Bobbins, James Buggies, John B. Thomas, Eliab Ward, William H. 
Wood, Welcome Young. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Bridgewater, Artemas Hale, Middleboro', Zachariah Eddy, P. 
Nahum Stetson. H. Pierce. 



Duxbury, Seth Sprague, Ger- 
shom B. Weston. 

East Bridgewater, Aaron Ho- 



Plymouth, Gustavus Gilbert, 
John B. Thomas, Wm. Thomas. 
South Sciiuate, Saml. A. Turner. 



bart, Welcome Young. Wareham, Sylvan us Bourne, S. 

Halifax, Jabez P. Thompson. [Miller, Jr., David Nye. 

Hingham, Solomon* Lincoln. West Bridgewater, Wm. Bay- 

Kinyston, Thomas P. Beal, John lies. 
Thomas. j. 

Justices of the Peace. 

Abington, Nathaniel Beal, James Ford, Jr., Isaac Hersey, Benja- 
min Hobart, John Nash, James Noyes, Harvey Torrey, Ezekiel 
Thaxter, Spencer Vining, Jared Whitman. 

Bridgeiaater, Solomon Alden, Jr., Horace Ames, Dion Bryant, 
Isaac Fobes, Solomon Hayward, Philip E. Hill, Caleb S. Hunt, Wil- 
liam Latham, Philo Leach, Samuel Leonard, Holmes Sprague, Eli 
Washburn. 

Carver, Wm. Barrows, Timothy Cobb, Lewis Pratt, John Savery, 
Samuel Shaw, Henry Sherman. 

Duxbury, Benj. Alden, Joshua Brewster, Jr., Nath. Ford, William 
Peterson, George P. Richardson, Wm. H. Sampson, Geo. B. Standish, 
Samuel Stetson, Joseph F. Wadsworth. 



102 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

East Bridgewater, Solomon Ager, Henry Alden, Moses Bates, Jr., 
Joseph Chamberlain, Wm. Harris, Ezra Kingman, Cushing Mitchell, 
Isaac Pratt. 

Halifax, Cyrus Morton, Safford Sturtevant, D. C. Thompson, 
Zadock Thompson. 

Hanover, Thomas J. Gardner, Perez Simmons, Albert White, 
Alexander Wood. 

Hanson, Charles Cushing, Joshua Smith, Barak Osborn. 

Hingham, Henry Cushing, Jedediah Farmer, David Fearing, 
Eben. Gay, Marshall Lincoln, Wm. O. Lincoln, James S. Lewis, 
Thomas Loring, James H. Wilder, Joseph Wilder, Wm. Young. 

Kingston, Joseph S. Beal, Peleg Bradford, Seth Drew, Alex. 
Holmes, Josiah Holmes, John Sever, James N. Sever, Jos. Stetson. 

Marshfield, John Ford, Luther Hatch, Daniel Phillips. 

Middleboro\ I. F. Atwood, Stillman Benson, Abisha T. Clark, 
Jona. Cobb, Joshua Eddy, Apollos Haskins, Paul Hathaway, Brad- 
ford Harlow, A. T. Harvey, Nathan King, Bela Kingman, Tisdale 
Leonard, Seth Miller, Peter H. Pierce, Oliver Pierce, Ebenezer 
Pickens, Zebulon Pratt, Everett Robinson, Gamaliel Rounseville, 
George Sturtevant, James G. Thompson, Samuel Thompson, Luther 
Washburn, Philander Washburn, Eliab Ward, Andrew Weston, 
Cornelius B. Wood, Benjamin P. Wood, William H. Wood. 

N. Bridgewater, Franklin Ames, Feorge W. Bryant, George 
Clark, Perez Crocker, Isaac Eames, Bela Keith, Eliph. Kingman, 
Isaac Kingman, M. Packard, Jesse Perkins. Eliab Whitman. 

Pembroke, Morrill Allen, Martin Bryant, Horace Collamore, Da- 
vid Oldham, Ambrose Parris, Thomas Turner, James H. Whitman. 

Plymouth, George Bramhall, Jr., Wm. Clark, Nathaniel Clark, 
Roland E. Colton, Allen Danforth, Wm. Dayis, Jeremiah Farris, 
Timothy Gordon, Jason Hart, Isaac L. Hedge, Thomas Hedge, 
Amasa Holmes, Wm. M. Jackson, Ezra Leach, Leander Lovell, Ja- 
cob H. Loud, Jos. Lucas, Wm: Nelson, Josiah Robbins, Nathaniel 
Russell, Thomas Russell, Wm. S. Russell, Schuyler Sampson, Wm. 
R. Sever, Wm. H. Spear, Bourne Spooner, Isaac N. Stoddard, J. 

B. Thomas, James Thurber. 

Plympton, Lewis Bradford, Zenas Bryant, Zenas Cushman, Josiah 
S. Hammond, Jonathan Parker, Zacheus Parker, Wm. H. Soule, E. 

C. Turner, Isaac Wright. 

Rochester, R. L. Bars tow, Jos. W. Church, W. N. Ellis, A. B. 
Hammond, David Hathaway, Joseph Haskell, C. Hooper, George 
King, Theophilus King, Lothrop Perkins. 

Scituate, Geo. M. Allen, John Beal, Ammial Curtis, J. R. Jacobs, 
Elijah Jenkins, Jr., Ezekiel Jones, Dexter Merritt, Shadrach B. 
Merritt, Elias R. Mungo, Caleb W. Prouty, Gideon W. Young. 

South Scituate, Eben. T. Fogg, Wm. James, Samuel Tolman, Al- 
bion Turner. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 103 

Wareham, H. G. O. Ellis, John Fearing, Darius Miller, Thomas 
Savary, Samuel Shaw, N. Sherman. 

W. Bridgewater, Jona. Ames, Dwelley Fobes, Zeph. Howard, John 
E. Howard, Abiel Packard, Austin Packard, Elijah Smith. 

Notaries Public. 



Abington, John Nash. 

Duxbury, Samuel Stetson. 

E. Br idgeioater, Welcome Young 



Middleboro', Eliab Ward. 
Rochester, Elijah Willis. 
Scituate, John Beal. 



Hingham, David Harding. Wareham, Silvanus Bourne. 

Plymouth, Gustavus Gilbert, 
Jacob H. Loud. 

Coroners. 
Carver, Samuel A. Shurtleff. I Pembroke, Peter Salmond, Jr. 



Duxbury, Avery Richards. 
E. Bridgewater, Ezra Whit- 
marsh. 



Plymouth, Jos. P. Brown, Ben- 
jamin Drew. 

Plympton, Thomas H. Harrub, 



Hanover, Levi Curtis. I Abiel Washburn. 

Hingham, Samuel Hobart, Jas. ! Rochester, David Peckham. 
Stevenson. Scituate, John Beal, Abiel Cud- 

Hull, Moses B. Tower. worth,' Elijah B. Turner, Ebene- 

Kingston, Jedediah Holmes. zer Stetson. 

Marshfteld, Wales Tilden, Jr. | South Scituate, Ebenr. Stetson. 

Middleboro', Ansel Benson, Jos. W. Bridgewater, Thos. Ames. 
Jackson, Samuel Thompson. Yiareham, H. G. O. Ellis. 

N. Bridgewater, Thos. Wales, Jr. , 

Sheriff, Branch Harlow, Middleboro'. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Abington, Luther Glover; Bridgewater, P. D. 
Kingman ; Hingham, Ebed Hersey ; Kingston, Spencer Cushman ; 
N. Bridgewater, Benjamin Kingman; Plymouth, John Perkins, 
Coomer Weston ; Rochester, Daniel Hall, George W. Haskell ; S. 
Scituate, Nathaniel Clapp ; W. Scituate, S. Bartlett. 

Crier of Courts, Nath. Wilder, of Kingston ; Jailer, Putnam 
Kimball. 

Commissioners of Wrecks. 

Duxbury, S. A. Frazer, G. B. Weston ; Hull, Robert Gould, Moses 
B. Tower; Marshfield, Otis Baker, Elisha Kent; Scituate, John Da- 
mon, Charles Vinal. 

Branch Pilot, Benj. Delano, Samuel B. Besse, Wareham. 



104 MASSACHUSETTS STATE EECORD. 

WORCESTER COUNTY. 

Judge of Prolate, Thomas Kinnicutt, Worcester. 

Register of Probate, Charles G. Prentiss, do. 

Register of Deeds, Alexander H. Wilder, m do. 

County Treasurer, Anthony Chase, do. 

Clerk of Courts, Charles W. Hartshorne, do. 

Assistant Clerk, Wm. A. Smith, do. 

Probate Court, holden at Worcester, 1st Tuesday of every month. 
At West Brookfield, on the 2d Tuesdays of May and October. At 
Lancaster, on the 3d Tuesdays of May and October. At Fitchburg, 
on the Wednesday next after the 3d Tuesday of May and October. 
At Templeton, on the Thursday next after the 3d Tuesday of May 
and October. At Barre, on the Friday next after the 3d Tuesday of 
May and October. At Mendon, on the 4th Tuesday in May. At 
Uxbridge, on the 4th Tuesday of October. 

County Commissioners. 
Otis Adams, Grafton, Chairman ; B. Nye, North Brookfield, Asaph 
Wood, Westminster. 

Special Commissioners. — Edward H. Hemmenway, Worcester ; 
Thomas Billings, Lunenburg. 

Times of Meeting. — At Worcester, the 4th Tuesday in March, the 
2d Tuesday in September, the 3d Tuesday of June, and 4th Tuesday 
of December. 

Commissioners to qualify Civil Officers. 

Abijah Bigelow, Seth Caldwell, Henry Chapin, Edmund dishing, 
Chas. W. Hartshorn, Wm. Jennison, Theo. Jones, Thomas Kinnicutt, 
Levi Lincoln, Lyman Sibley, Isaac Stevens, Jos. Thayer, Ebenezer 
Torrey, William H. Williams, Nathaniel Wood. 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum. 

Ashburnham, Jos. Jewett. Shrewsbury, A. Harrington. 

Athol, Isaac Stevens. Spencer, James Draper. 

Barre, Nahum F. Bryant. Sutton, J. L. Sibley. 

Brookfield, Otis Hay den. Templeton, Artemas Lee, Eph- 

Charlton, J. Spurr, S. Towne. raim Stone. 

Fitchburg, Alfred Hitchcock, Winchendon, William Dunbar. 
Eben. Torrey, Nath. Wood. Worcester, Charles Allen, Ira 

Harvard, Abel Whitney. M. Barton, Abijah Bigelow, Isaac 

Hubbardston, Samuel Swan. Davis, William Eaton, Elisha Ful- 
Lunenburg, Edmund dishing, ler, Wm. N. Green, John Green, 
Leicester, David Henshaw. Charles W. Hartshorn, Samuel 

New Braintree, Samuel Mixter. Jennison, William Jennison, Thos. 
Oakham, William Crawford. Kinnicutt, Rejoice Newton, Benj. 
Petersham, Jared Weed. F. Thomas, Charles Thurber, Cal- 

Prince'ion, Charles Russell. vin Willard. 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 105 



Justices of the Peace. 

Ashburnham, George G. Parker, Charles Stearns, Reuben Town- 
send, Enoch Whitmore. 

Athol, Elias Bassett, Charles Field, Calvin Kilfcon, Eliphalet Thorp, 
J. C. B. Ward, Wm. H. Williams. 

Auburn, Abijah Craigo, Thomas Drury, William Emerson, John 
Mellish, Thomas Merriam, Solomon Sibley, Israel Stone, Jr. 

Barre, Peleg E. Aldriuh, Nahum F. Bryant, Chas. Brimblecome, 
Seth Caldwell, John King, David Lee, Chas. Sibley, Lyman Sibley. 

Berlin, Jonathan D. Meriam, Asa Sawyer, Lewis Sawyer. 

Blackstone, Jared Benson, Arthur Cook, Silas H. Kimball, Na- 
poleon J. Smith, Preserved S. Thayer, Paul P. Todd, Abel Wilder. 

Bolton, Amory Holman, Thos. Houghton, Jonathan Jewett, Joseph 
Sawyer, Caleb Wheeler, Edwin A. Whitcomb. 

Boylston, Nathaniel Davenport, James Davenport, Hezekiah Gibbs, 
William H. Moore. 

Brook-field, Lewis Abbott, Hiram B. Clark, Charles Flagg, Seth 
Field, Seth W. Field, Rufus Harrington, Ephraim Hinds, Franklin 
Howe, William Howe, Aaron Kimball, Nicholas M'Clure, Ebenezer 
Meriam, Edwin B. Tainter, Abraham Skinner. 

Charlton, Henry Clark, Rufus B. Dodge, Levi Hammond, William 
P. Marble, Jonathan Winslow. 

Dana, Burrel Amsden, Nath. Johnson, Daniel Stone, Ephraim 
Whipple. 

Douglas, Enoch Brown, Fenner Batcheller, Warren Humes, Moses 
Knapp, Turner Thayer. 

Dudley, Moses Barnes, John Eddy, Morris Larned. 

Fitchburg, Alvah Crocker, Joseph Downe, Levi Downe, Kilburn 
Harwood, Joseph W. Mansur, Charles Mason, Amasa Norcross, 
Francis Perkins, Ivers Phillips, Chas. H. B. Snow, T. K. Ware, 
Milton Whitney, Nath. Wood. 

Gardner, Rufus Newton, Francis Richardson, A. Wood. 

Grafton, Otis Adams, Samuel H. Allen, Charles Brigham, Jr., 
Oliver M. Brigham, Perley Goddard, Charles B. Jenks, Jos. Leland, 
Chandler M. Pratt, William F. Slocum, Samuel Wood. 

Hardwick, William Anderson, William Mixter, Stephen W. Paige, 
John Raymond, Gardner Ruggles, Constant Southworth. 

Harvard, Emory Barnard, B. S. Farnsworth, Jerome Gardner, 
Jacob Haskell, E. A. Holman, Augustus G. Hill, Henry B. Pearson, 
Reuben Whitcomb. 

Holden, Charles Chaffin, Samuel Damon, David Davis, Silas Flagg, 

Hubbardston, William Bennett, Jr., Ethan A. Greenwood, George 
Swan, George Williams. 

Lancaster, Luke Bigelow, Albert S. Carleton, John T. Dame, J. 
Fisher, Jos. W. Huntington, Jonas Lane, Nath. Rand, Ezra Sawyer, 

10 



106 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Charles G-. Stevens, Jolm G. Thurston, Silas Thurston, Jr., George 
R. M. Withington, Solon Whiting. 

Leicester, Jos. A. Denny, Henry A. Denny, Abraham Firth, Austin 
Flint, Edward Flint, Cheney Hatch, Horatio G. Henshaw, Joshua 
Lamb, Sewall Sargent. 

Leominster, Leonard Burrage, Joel W. Fletcher, John Gardner, 
Charles Grout, Noah R. Harlow, Wm. A. Nichols, Chas. W. Wilder, 
William Wilder. 

Lunenburg, Thomas Billings, Ephm. Graham, Cyrus Kilburn, Esek 
Whiting. 

Mention, Jared Benson, Benjamin Davenport, David Davenport, 
John G. Metcalf, Arnold Taft. 

Milford, Seth P. Carpenter, Isaac Davenport, Clark Ellis, John 
Erskine, Leander Holbrook, John S. Scammel, Ellis Sumner, Sulli- 
van Thayer, Allyn Weston. 

Millbury, James H. Benchley, Simon Farnsworth, Elias Forbes, 
Ithran Harris, Clough R. Miles, Samuel D. Torrey, Abraham G. 
Randall, Asa H. Waters, Simeon Waters, Amasa Wood. 

New Braintree, Amasa Bigelow, Amory Felton, Henry A. Delano, 
Hollis Tidd. 

Northborough, Thomas Brigham, Cyrus Gale, John F. Fay, Anson 
Rice, Samuel Clark. 

Northbridge, Ebenezer Cadwell, Sylvanus Holbrook, John Taylor, 
North Brookfield, Chauncy Edmands, Daniel Gilbert, John Hill, 
Bonum Nye, Pliny Nye, Freeman Walker. 
Oakham, James Allen, Alexander Crawford. 

Oxford, Charles D. Bowman, Jasper Brown, Stephen Davis, Syl- 
vanus Harris, Isaac B. Hartwell, Abishai Larned, Jotham Meriam, 
Josiah S. Prentice, S. W. Smith, A. G. Underwood. 

Paxton, Sylvester Brown, James Day, Tyler Goddard, Jonathan P 
Grosvenor, Solon C. Howe, Nath. Lakin, Oliver Wilson. 

Petersham, Artemus Bryant, Joel Bryant, John L. Gallond, Seth 
Hapgood, Jonas Howe, Chas. B. Moseley, Chas. K. Witherell, Henry 
Wood. 

Phillipston, Charles C. Bas&ett, Jason Goulding, Oliver Powers, 
Ephraim Turner. 

Princeton, Alphonso Brooks, John Brooks, Moses G. Cheever, 
Caleb Dana, Solon S. Hastings, Jos. A. Reed. 

Royalston, Hiram W. Albee, Barnett Bullock, Jarvis Davis, Benoni 
Peck, Joseph Raymond. 

Rutland, Horace Brooks, George S. Flint, Zadock W. Gates, 
Calvin G. Howe. 

Shrewsbury, Asa H. Allen, Balch Dean, Nathan Howe, William 
H. Knowlton, Orville Lathrop, Job C. Stone, Thomas W. Ward. 

Southboro', David Alden, Dexter Fay, Sullivan Fay, Willard 
Newton. 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 107 

Southbridge, Daniel F. Bacon, Merrill Barlow, Frederick W. Both- 
am, Samuel M. Lane, Jed'h Marcy, Bela Tiffany. 

Spencer, William Baldwin, Daniel Capen, William Pope. 

Sterling, Samuel Houghton, Cyrus Holbrook, Samuel Sawyer, Wm. 
D. Peck. 

Sturhridge, Geo. Davis, Calvin P. Fiske, Benj. D Hyde, Edward 
Phillips, Avery P. Taylor, Roswell Warner, Gardner Watkins, 
David Wight. 

Sutton, Abraham Chase, Jonathan Leland, Horace Leland, Ed- 
mund J. Mills, Solomon Severy, Daniel Tenny, Paris Tourtellot, 
Samuel Taylor^ John W. Whipple, Welcome Whipple. 

Templeton, Benjamin Brown, Jos. Davis, Artemas Lee, Samuel 
Lee, Henry Newton, Leonard Stone, Giles H. Whitney. 

Upton, Nahum W. Holbrook, W. Legg, E. Stoddard, E. Warren. 

Uxbridge, L. C. Boynton, John W. Capron, Alvin Cook, Francis 
Deane, Jr., Nahum Morse, Jos. Thayer, Theodore B. Whiting. 

Warren, Pardon Allen, Jeptha Bacon, James S. Davis, Sheppard 
Ellis, Joseph Field, Daniel Hitchcock, Joseph F. Hitchcock, Joseph 
F. Holbrook, Pardon Keyes, Isaac Patrick, Joseph Rarnsdell, Nathan 
Richardson. 

Webster, Hiram Alien, James J. Robinson, Edward Rogers. 

Westboro\ L. H. Boutell, George Denny, J. A. Fayerweather, 
Jabez G. Fisher, Nahum Fisher. 

West Brookfield, Jesse Bliss, Baxter Ellis, Arad Gilbert, Alanson 
Hamilton, Elisha Hammond, Freeman Walker. 

W. Eoylston, Etheridge Clark, Jr., Elias Davis, Ephni. Hinds, 
Lemuel D. Newton, Ezekiel Pierce, Levi Pierce, Aaron E. Winter. 

Westminster, William S. Bradbury, John Todd, John White, John 
Whitman, Benjamin Wyman. 

Winchendon, Moses Hancock, Joseph Merriam, Benj. O. Tyler, 
Joseph White. 

Worcester, Samuel Allen, Peter C. Bacon, W. 0. Bartlett, Sumner 
Barton, Wm, S. Barton, Silas Brooks, Walter A. Bryant, Benjamin 
Butman, Alexander H. Bullock, George Chandler, Henry Chapin, 
Anthony Chase, Edwin Con ant, John C. B. Davis, Alex. De- 
Witt, William Dickinson, Francis H. Dewey, Jonathan Day, Benj. 
Flagg, Elisha Fuller, Frederick W. Gale, Samuel B. I. Goddard, 
Jesse W. Goodrich, Wm. Greenleaf, Wm. E. Green, Franklin Hall, 
Charles A. Hamilton, Edward Hamilton, Wm. Llarrington, Saml. F. 
Haven, Nathan Heard, Charles W. Hartshorne, Edward H. Hem- 
menway, Chas. Hersey, Jonathan H. Hill, Charles H. Hill, Abiel 
Jaques, John S. C. Knowlton, Daniel W. Lincoln, Edward Winslow 
Lincoln, William S. Lincoln, Warren Lazell, C. B. Long, Lewis A. 
Maynard, J. H. Matthews, William B. Maxwell, Joseph Mason, 
Chas. Paine, John Park, Addison Prentiss, Charles G. Prentiss, Geo. 
M. Prentiss, Grenville Parker, Chas. L. Putnam, George W. Rich- 
ardson, Stephen Salisbury, William A. Smith, Daniel Stone, Nath. 



108 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Stowell, Henry D. Stone, Chas. Thurber, Geo. A. Trumbull, Arte- 
mus Ward, Charles Washburn, Alexander H. Wilder, William A. 
Williams, J. W. Wetherell, Solon Whiting. 

Notaries Public. 



Barre, Peleg E. Aldrich. 

Elackstone, Paul P. Todd. 

Brookfield, Seth Field. Otis 
Hayden. 

Fitchburg, Ebenezer Torrey. 

Lancaster, John G. Thurston, 
Charles, G. Stevens, Geo. R. M. 
Withington. 

Leicester, Horatio G. Henshaw, 
David E. Merriam. 

Millbury, Calvin Willard. 

Core 



Milford, John S. Scammell. 

Oxford, Alvan G. Underwood. 

Southbridge, Samuel M. Lane, 
Calvin A. Paige. 

Uxbridge, John W. Capron. 

Worcester, Samuel Allen, Peter 
C. Bacon, Ira M. Barton, Caleb 
Dana, Wm. Dickinson, Charles A. 
Hamilton, S. Jennison, Samuel H. 
Jennison, George W. Richardson, 
Geo. A. Trumbull. 



Barre, Seth Caldwell, North Brookfield, F. Carruth. 

Elackstone, Aaron Burdon. Oxford, Sylvanus Harris. 

Bolton, Joseph Sawyer. Petersham, Eber Hapgood, Ce- 

Brookfield, Seth W. Field, Sim-phas Willard. 



eon Draper. 

Dana, John H. Farnsworth. 

Douglas, Sumner Balcom. 

Fitchburg, Ivers Phillips. 

Gardner, Lewis H. Bradford. 

Grafton, Lovell Baker, Jr. 

Harvard, Aaron Whitney. 

Holden, Geo. Flagg. 

Hubbardston, David Bennett. 

Lancaster, Nathaniel Rand. 

Leicester, Samuel 
Henrv Tainter. 



Princeton, Moses G. Che ever. 
Royalston, Cyrus Davis. 
Rutland, Jeduthan Green. 
Southbridge, Holdridge Ammi- 
down. 

Spencer, Willard Rice. 
Sturbridge, Edward Phillips. 
Sutton, John W. Whipple. 
Templeton, Herman Partridge. 
Warren, Nelson Carpenter, Jos. 
Leicester, Field. 

Westminster, Luke Bigelow. 



Leominster, Wm. H. Youn< 
Lunenburg, Eli Page. 



Worcester, Timothy W. Ban- 
croft, William Eaton, Claudius R. 



Mendon, Aaron Burden, Sam'l Long, Asa Matthews, E. H. Hem- 
D. Torry. men way. 

Milford, Clark Ellis. 

Sheriff, John W. Lincoln, Worcester. 

Deputy- Sheriffs ; Ashburnham, George Rockwood ; Athol, John 
H. Partridge ; Barre, Luther Clifford ; Brookfield, Luther Blackmer ; 
Douglas, Sumner Balcom ; Fitchburg, Kilburn Harwood ; Grafton, 
Lovell Baker, Jr. ; Hubbardston, Appleton Clark ; Lancaster, Nath'l 
Rand ; Oxford, Samuel Smith ; Petersham, Cephas Willard ; South- 



TRIAL JUSTICES. 



109 



boro', Curtis Newton ; Southbridge, Andrew F. Ammidown ; Stur- 
bridge, Truman Charles ; Sutton, John W. Whipple ; Templeton, 
Joshua Hosmer ; Uxbridge, William C. Capron ; Webster, Solomon 
Shu m way; Westminster, Phineas W. Reed; Winchendon, Joseph 
S. Watson ; Worcester, Jona. Day. 

Crier of Courts, Thomas Chamberlain ; Jailer and Master of House 
of Correction, Rufus Carter. 

Overseers of House of Correction, Edward Lamb, John W. Lincoln ; 
Keeper, Rufus Carter. 



TRIAL JUSTICES. 



Since July, 1850, Trial Justices have been appointed by the 
Governor, in each County, to hold office for seven years, exercise the 
jurisdiction formerly held by Justices of the Peace ; to issue writs, 
in all civil cases under $20, and warrants in all criminal cases; and 
the power of the Justices of the Peace is limited to that extent, ex- 
cept that, in criminal cases, they may issue warrants returnable be- 
fore a Trial Justice. This act does not affect the Police Courts, nor 
the " Justices' Court " of Boston, which the Justices of the Police 
Court hold on Wednesdays and Saturdays. 



COUXTY OF SUFFOLK. 

Chelsea, David Gould. 

COUNTY OF BARNSTABLE. 

Barnstable, Nathaniel Hinckley. 

" Timothy Reed. 

Brewster, Jeremiah Mayo. 
Falmouth, James D. Lewis. 
Orleans, John Kenrick. 
Provincetown, R. L. Thatcher, 
Sandwich, Seth F. Nye. 
Truro, Solomon Davis. 
Wellfeet, Giles Holbrook. 

COUNTY OF BERKSHIRE. 

Adams, Wm. C. Plunkett. 
Dalton, Henry Ferre. 
Great Barrington, R. Taylor. 
Hancock, Leonard Doty. 

10* 



Lanesborough, Rich. Whitney. 
Lee, Alexander Hyde. 
Lenox, Wm. S. ' Tucker. 
Monterey, Egbert B. Garfield. 
New Marlborough, Seth Norton. 
Otis, Lester Filley. 
Richmond, Wm. Bacon. 
Sheffield, Bartlett Doten. 
Stockbridge, Daniel R. Wil- 
liams. 

Williamstown, Stephen Hosford. 

COUNTY OF BRISTOL. 

Atthborough, John Daggett. 
Easton, Joseph Barrows. 
Fall River, Eliab Williams. 
Freetown, Nicholas Hathaway. 
Pawtucket, James C. Stark- 
weather. 

Seekonk, Samuel Shove. 



110 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



COUNTY OF DUKES. 
Edgartown, Theo. G. Mayhew. 

COUNTY OF ESSEX. 

Andover, Samuel Merrill. 
Beverly, Robert Rantoul. 
Danvers, John W. Proctor. 
Georgetown, Chas. S. Tenney. 
Gloucester, Joshua P. Trask. 
Haverhill Alfred Kittredge. 
Ipswich, Charles Kimball. 
Marblehead, Win. Fabens. 
Salisbury, Henry M. Brown. 

COUNTY OF FRANKLIN. 

Charlemont, Luther Bodman. 
Conway, Gardner Dickinson. 
Greenfield, David Aiken. 
New Salem, Alpheus Harding. 
Orange, Daniel Frost. 

COUNTY OF HAMPDEN. 



COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX. 

Cambridge, Henry M. Cham- 
berlain, John S. Ladd, Geo. W. 
Liver more. 

Charlestown, Geo. W. Warren. 

Concord, Nehemiah Ball. 

Framingham, Lorenzo Sabine. 

Groton, Caleb Butler. 

Hopkinton, S. D. Davenport. 

Maiden, Gilbert Haven. 

Medford, Sanford B. Perry. 

Pleading, Alfred A. Prescott. 

South Reading. Lilley Eaton. 

Waltham, Josiah Rutter. 
! Woburn, John Nelson. 



COUNTY OF NANTUCKET. 

Nantucket, James M. Bunker, 
Charles K. Whitman. 



COUNTY OF NORFOLK. 



Chester, Melvin Copeland. 

Chicopee, Pliny Cadwell, Amocs 
W. StockwelL 

Granville, James Cooley. 

Holyohe, Fayette Smith. 

Palmer, John Ward. 

Springfield, James W. Crooks, 
Josiah Hooker. 

Wales, Absalom Gardner. 

Westfield, Patrick Boies. 

COUNTY OF HAMPSHIRE. 

Amherst, Ithamar Conkey. 

Chesterfield, Timothy A. Phelps, 
Epaphras Clark. 

Enfield, Oliver Bryant, Ichabod 
Pope, Josiah B. Woods. 

Northampton, Samuel Wells. 

South Hadley, Wm. Bowdoin. 



Braintree, Naaman L. White. 
Brookline, Artemas Newell. 
Canton, Samuel B. Noyes. 
Cohasset, James C. Doane. 
Dedham, James Richardson. 
Dorchester, David Cummins. 
Medway, Warren Lovering. 
Needham, Edgar K. Whitaker. 

Quincy, John M. Gourgas. 
Randolph, Aaron Prescott. 
Roxbury, Wm. Gaston. 
Stoughton, Elijah Atherton. 

Weymouth, John W. Loud. 

Wrentham, Samuel Warren, Jr. 

COUNTY OF PLYMOUTH. 

Abington, Jared Whitman. 
Hingham, James S. Lewis. 
Middleborough, E. Pickens. 
Plymouth, Wm. Davis. 
Rochester, James Ruggles. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



Ill 



South Scituafe, Anson Eobbins. 
Wareham, Sylvanus Bourne. 
West Bridgewater, A. Packard. 

COUNTY OF WORCESTER. 

Ashburnham, John Petts. 
Athol, Theodore Jones. 
Barre, Edwin Woods. 
Black-stone, Dan Hill. 
Clinton, John T. Dame. 
Fitchburg, Thornton K. Ware. 
Grafton, Joseph Bruce. 
Hubbardston, E. A. Greenwood. 



Lancaster, G.R. M. Withington. 
Milford, Clark Ellis. 
North Brookfield, Wm. Adams. 
Oxford, Charles D. Bowman. 
Southbridge, Fred W. Bolton. 
Sturbridge, George Davis. 
Templeton, Dexter Gilbert. 

Webster, Edward Rogers. 

Westborough, Jabez G. Fisher. 

Westminster, Wm. S. Bradbury. 

Winchendon, Edwin S. Merrill. 

Worcester, John A. Dana. 

Uxbridge, Alvin Cook. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS, CIRCUIT COURT. 
MASSACHUSETTS DISTRICT. 



Adams, John C. 
Alden, Cyrus 
Allen, Charles 
Allen, Fred. H. 
Allen, James B. 
Ames, Isaac 
Andrew, J. A. 
Anthon, F. C. 
Ashman, George 
Aspinwall, Wm. 
Atwood, Charles 
Austin, I vers J. 
Austin, Wm. 
Austin, James T. 
Aylwin, Wm. C. 
Bacon, P. C. 
Bancroft, George 
Banks, N. P., Jr. 
Barrett, J. F. 
Bartlett, Sydney 
Bartlett, Wm. O. 
Barton, Wm. S. 
Barton, Ira M. 
Bassett, Elisha 
Bassett, Francis 



Batchelder, Francis L, 
Bates, Wm. 
Beach, E. D. 
Beck, Geo. F. 
Bell, Joseph M. 
Bemis, George 
Betton, N. C. 
Bigelow, Horatio 
Bigelow, John P. 
Bishop, Joel P. 
Blake, Edward 
Bliss, Wm. 
Bliss, George 
Boit, Edward D. 
Bolles, John A. 
Bowditch, Wm. I. 
Bradley, J. H. 
Brooks, B. F. 
Brooks, Francis A. 
Brown, Geo. M. 
iBrinley, Francis 
Bryant, W. M. 
[Bulfinch, Geo. S. 
tBurbank, Rob'tlngall; 
Butler, Benjamin 



Chamberlain, H. M. 
Chandler, P. W. 
Chandler, T. P. 
Child, D. L. 
Choate, F. W. 
Choate, Rufus 
Clarke, J. J. 
Clarke, M. S. 
Coffin, T. G. 
Cooke, Benj. F. 
Cooke, J. P. 
Cod man, John 
Cummings, Cyrus 
Cummings, David 
Curtis, C. P. 
Curtis, B. R. 
Curtis, Geo. T. 
Dacoby, L. C. 
Dame, A. A. 
Dana, James 
Dana, Richard H. 
Dana, E. T. 
Davis, Charles G. 
s|Dean, Benj. Jr. 
Dearborn, J. F. 



112 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Dehon, Wm. 
Dexter, Franklin 
Derby, E. H. 
Devens, Charles, Jr. 
Dewey, F. H. 
Dickinson, Edward 
Dickinson, F. W. 
Dimon, Oliver 
Dodge, J. C. 
Dorr, E. R. 
Dudley, E. G. 
Dustin, D. H. 
Dutton, Warren 
Dwight, H. W. 
Eastman, G. N. 
Eddy, Zach. 
Eldridge, J. S. 
Eliot, T. D. 
Ellis, C. M. 
Ely, A. B. 
Fabens, Francis A. 
Farr, A. W. 
Farrar, George 
Farnsworth, C. B. 
Fay, R. S. 

Flint, Waldo 

Freeman, R. G. A. 

Fuller, H. H. 

Fuller, Richard F. 

Gale, F. W. 

Gale, Lucian 

Gardiner, W. H. 

Gardiner, S. J. 

Gilchrist, D. S. 

Giles, Alfred E. 

Giles, Joel 

Gorham, Benjamin 

Gourgas, J. M., Jr. 

Gray, Wm. 

Gray, F. C. 

Green, O. H. P 

Greenleaf, Simon 

Griggs, George 

Griswold, Almond W. 

Guild, Benjamin 

Guild, G. D. 

Guild, Samuel E. 



jHallett, Benj. F. 
[Hall, Junius 
I Harrington, Joseph 
I Hayes, F. B. 
;Healey, J. P. 
|Hilliard, Francis 
jHilliard, William 
JHilliard, Geo. S. 
jHertzog, Henry 

Holmes, John S. 
I Holmes, Nathaniel 
! Homer, Geo. F. 
jHopkinson, Thomas 
jHubbard, G. G. 
JHubbard, N. D. 
JHubbard, Wm. J. 
! Hutchins, H. G. 

Ingersoll, Charles 

Jackson, Abraham, Jr, 

Jewell, Harvey 

Kasson, J. Adams 

Keith, James M. 
;Kent, George 

Kingsbury, F. A. 

Kinsman, H. W. 

Lapham, L. 

Leland, Sherman 

Loring, Charles G. 

Loring, Ellis Gray 

Loring, F. C. 

Loring, C. W. 

Lowell, John 

Lyman, J. C. 

Marvin, John G. 

Mason, Wm. P. 

Mason, Charles 

Mason, Lyman 

Mason, Joseph 

Mayo, Charles 

Mc Arthur, Arthur 

MeCleary, S. F. 

Mead, Abraham, Jr. 

Mellen, Edward 

Merrill, Charles C. 

Merrill, Amos B. 

Merrill, Annis 

Metcalf, Theron 



Mi not, George 
Minot, Wm. 
Minot, Wm., Jr. 
Montgomery, Hugh 
Moore, Abraham 
Morrell, E. 
Morris, Robert 
Morton, Marcus, Jr. 
jMoseley, Ebenezer 
jNash, Stephen Gordon 
iNewton, Rejoice 
jNutter, C. C. 
I Osgood, Isaac P. 
I Owen, A. F. 
| Page. J. H. W. 
iPark, J. C. 
'Parker, S. D. 
IParker, F. E. 
iParker, William 

Parker, A. D. 

Parker, Charles H. 

Parker, Grenville 

Parker, Henry T. 

Parmenter, Wm. E. 

Parsons, Theophilus 

Peabody, Augustus 

Peabody, C. A. 

Perkins, Jonathan C. 

Phillips, Willard 

Phillips, T. W. 

Phillips, Stephen H. 

Pierce, Thomas N. 

Pike, Chas. Edward 

Plympton, S. F. 

Pope, Thomas B. 

Power, Thomas 

Prince, F. O. 

Prince, Thomas H. 

Putnam, J. P. 

Rantoul, Robert, Jr. 

Richardson, W. A. 

Richardson, Wm. 

Riley, Patrick 

Robb, James B. 

Robinson, L. P. 

Robins, Richard 

Rolker, Bernard 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



113 



Rowe, Joseph 
Ruggles, John 
Russell, Charles T. 
Russell, T. H. 
Russell, fm. G. 
Sanger, Geo. P. 
Sawyer, Benj. F. 
Sawyer, Frederick W. 
Savier, Wm. 
Sewall, S. E. 
Scudder, Zeno 
Seudder, H. A. 
Sheppard, John H. 
Shillaber, Ebenezer 
Simmons, David A. 
Simmons, C. F. 
Sinclair, Wm. J. 
Sohier, Wm. D. 
Sohier, Wm. 
Sparhawk, George 
Spooner, A. C. 
Sprague, Joseph E. 



Smith, Ebenezer, Jr. 
| Smith, Frederic 
'Smith, Charles F. 
j Smith, H E. 
j Smith, Wm. F. 
: Smith, H E. 
I Smith, Wm. H. L. 
Stevens, A. J. 
Story, C. W. 
Story, W. W. 
Story, Isaac, Jr. 
Sumner, Bradford 
Sumner, Charles 
Tiffany, P. D. 
Thaxter, David 
Thornton, J. W. 
Upham, F. W. 
Vose, Henry 
Wallace, E. F. 
AVard, Samuel D. 
Washburn, A. C. 
Washburn, W. R. P. 



j Washburn, Emory 
[Washburn, Fred'c L. 
Watts, F. O. 
[Waters, Joseph G. 
jWebb, S. P. 
iWebb, Seth, Jr. 
(Webster, Daniel 
iWebster, Fletcher 
jWellington, Hiram 
Westover, L. 
Wheeler, A. S. 
jWheelock, P. S. 
[Whiting, Wm. ( 
iWillard, Joseph 
jWiley, Tolman 
[Willis, Horatio M. 
| Williams, Eliab 
iWilliams, Lemuel 
Williams, S. K. 
Woodbury, C. L. 
Wood, Wm. H. 



ADMITTED IN COURTS OF SUFFOLK COUNTY. 



Abbott, James A. 
Adams, Colman S. 
Adams, John C. 
Adams, George W. 
Adams, Charles F. 
Adams, C. F., Jr. 
Allen, Augustus O. 
Allen, C. E. 
Allen, Elisha H. 
Allen, James B. 
Allen, Macon B. 
Amory, William 
Andrew, John A. 
Andrews, F. L. 
Andrews, Benj. H. 
Andrews, Wm. T. 
Appleton, Thomas G. 
Appleton, F. H. 
Apthorp, Robert E. 
Aspinwall, Wm. 
Atwood, Charles 
Austin, Ivers J. 
Austin, A. W. 



Austin, E. G. 
Austin, James T. 
Austin, J. Downes 
Aylwin, W. C. 
Batchelder, Eugene 
Barrett, James 
Bacon, Thomas S. 
Ball, Benj. W. 
Ball, J. D. 
'Baldwin, H. E. 
jBallard, James M. 
(Banks, N P., Jr. 
'Bangs, Edward 
IBarrell, Samuel B. 
Bartlett, Sidney 
'Barnes, Isaac O. 
Barrett, J. F. 
iBarrett, James 
iBassett, Elisha 
'Batchelder, F. Lowell 
Bates, William 
iBeck, George T. 
Bell, Joseph M. 



Bemis, George 
Bemis, Isaac C. 
iBenjamin, James 
Bennett, Edmund H. 
Bethune, John M. 
Berry, Abel B. 
[Betton, N. C. 
Betton, George E. 
Bigelow, J J. 
Bigelow, John P. 
Bigelow, Geo. T. 
Bigelow, Francis W. 
[Bigelow, Horatio 
[Bigelow, Samuel C. 
'Bigelow, Timothy 
Binney, William C. 
Bishop, Joel P. 
Blake, Edward 
Boit, Edward D. 
Bolles, John A. 
Boutell, L. H. 
Bowditch, N. I. 
iBowditch, Wm. I. 



114 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Bradford, James M. 
Bradley, Joseph H. 
Brigham, Wm. 
Bridges, 0. L. 
Brinley, Francis 
Brooks, Edward 
Brooks, B. F. 
Brooks, F. B. 
Brown, George M. 
Brown, George W. 
Buck, Edward 
Buckingham, F. W. 
Bulfinch; George S. 
Burbank, R. I. 
Butler, M. 
Butler, Benjamin 
Cabot, J. Eliot 
Cady, Ebenezer E. 
Cady, Stillman 
Capen, Phineas 



Curtis, Benj. R. Ely, A. B. 

Curtis, Charles P., Jr. Edwards, Newton 
Curtis, Daniel Sargent Eldridge, John S. 



Curtis, Geo. T. 
Cummings, Cyrus 
Cushing, Henry L. 
Gushing, L. S. 
Gushing, A. L. 
Cutler, Joseph 
Dame, A. A. 
Dana, R, H. 
Dana, E T. 
Dana, E. A. 
Dana, John A. 
Danforth, John C. 
Davis, Augustus B. 
jDavis, H. T. 
JDavis, J. W. 
Davis, Jerome 
Davis, Wm. T. 



Carpenter, D. M. H. Day, J. M. 



[Ellis, Charles M. 
Emerson, Charles H. 
Emei son, John W. 
English, James L. 
Farnham, PI. P. 
Farrar, Timothy 
Farrar, Wm. H. 
Fay, Richard S. 
Field, Justin 
Fiske, A. H. 
Fisk, Robert F. 
Floyd, Jesse L. 
Freeman, Francis G. 
Freeman, Ruf. G. A. 
French, J. J. 
iFuller, H. H. 
Fuller, H. W. 
jFuller, R. F. 



Chase, Wm. M. 
Chamberlain, F. 
Chamberlain, Mellen 
Chandler, L. H. 
Chandler, P. W. 
Chandler, T. P. 
Chase, M. S. 
Chapman, O. G. 
Che ever, Tracy P. 
Choate, Rufus 
Choate, F. W. 



Deans, Geo. Wheaton .Gale, Lucian 



Demond, Charles 
Denton, Wm. Pitt 
Derby, E. H. 
Dehon, William 
Denison, Geo. 
Dexter, Edward 
Dexter, Wm. Sohier 
Dickinson, F. W. 
Dimon, Oliver 
■Dodge, John C. 



Churchill, Chas. M. S. Dorr, William B. 



Churchill, J. M. 
Clarke, M. S. 
Clymer, E. M. 
Cobb, Moses G. 
Codman, John 
Codman, Henry 
Codman, Robert 
Colby, Robert L. 
Cooley, Geo. W. 
Cooke, J. P. 
Cooke, B. F. 
Crockett, G. K. 
Crowninshield, E. A. 
Crowninshield, F. B. 
Crowninshield, J. C. 



Dow, Nathan T. 
Draper, Moses 
Drew, David F. 
Dudley, E. G. 
Duncklee, M. F. 
Dunlap, Robert H. 
Dutton, F. L. 
Dutton, Warren 
Dwight, Thomas 
Dyer, Micah 
Eastman, George W. 
Eames, J. B. 
Eastman, Josephus 
Egan, James 
Eldridge, Samuel 



Gardiner, W. H. 
Gilchrist, D. S. 
Giles, Joel 
Giles, Alfred E. 
Gleason, Horace 
Goldsbury, John 
Gordon, Sol. J. 
Gorham, Benjamin 
Gorham, H. H. 
Gooch, D. W. 
Gould, David 
Goodrich, Charles B. 
Gray, A. J. 
Gray, John C. 
Gray, William 
Gregg, Washington P. 
Greenleaf, Simon 
Greenough, D. S. 
Griggs, George 
Griswold, Almon W. 
Guernsey, Luther B. 
Guild, Benjamin 
Guild, George D. 
Guild, S. E. 
Hahn, Silas B. 
Hale, George S. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



115 



Hale, N., Jr. 
Hall, Franklin 
Hall, Junius 
Hall, Thomas B. 
Hallett, Benj. F. 
Hallett, Henry L. 
Hancock, C. L. 
Harlow, T. S. 
Harrington, Joseph 
Harris, B. W. 
Hartwell, Shattuck 
Haskell, Benjamin 
Haskell, We. 
Hayes, F. B. 
Hazeleton, H. L. 
Head, Edward F. 
Head, Geo. E. 
Healey, John P. 
Hildreth, Richard 
Hillard, Geo. S. 
Hilliard, Wm. 
Hinds, Calvin P. 
Hobart, H. G. 
Hodges, E. T. 
Hoffman, Wm. 
Hoit, Daniel 
Holmes, John S. 
Homer, Geo. F. 
Howes, Wm. B. 
Hubbard, Nath'l D. 
Hubbard, G. G. 
Hubbard, Wm. J. 
Hutchins, H. G. 

Hutchins, H. C. 

Ingersoll, Charles 

Jackson, J. F. 

Jackson, John G. 

Jacobs, Bela F. 

James, John W. 

Jennison, Samuel 

Jewell, Harvey 

Johnson, Harrison 

Johnson, Henry A. 

Judson, Walter H. 

Kapser, Wm. 

Kettelle, Jacob Q. 

King, J. G. 

Kingsbury, Fred. J. 



Kingsbury, Geo. H. 
Larabee, C. W. 
Lawrence, Eugene 
Leland, Sherman 
Lewis, Samuel P. 
List, Charles 
jLord, H. C. 
Lord, Joseph L. 
jLoring, Charles G. 
jLoring, Ellis Gray 
jLoring, F. C. 
JLoring, C. W. 
[Loring, John A. 
Low, Obed B. 
[Lowell, John 
jLowell, J. R. 

Lovell, Michael 

Lovis, F. A. 

Maine, S. C. 

Marsh, J. J. 

Marcy, J. W. 

Masters, J. M. 

Marvin, J. T. 

Mason, Lyman 

Mason, D. H. 

Mason, Geo. M. 

Mason, Wm. P. 

Mayo, Charles 

Maxwell, Arthur 

McCleary, S. F., Jr. 

Merrill, Amos B. 

Merrill, Annis 

(Merrill, Abel 

{Merrill, J. C, Jr. 

(Miller, E. L. 

JMinot, Wm. 

jMinot, Geo. 

jMinot, Wm., Jr. 

Minns, Geo. W. 

Moore, Abraham 

! Moore, J. F. 

Moore, E. N". 

jMorey, George 

iMorgan, David 

j Morse, Nathan 

jMorrel, Edward 
Morris, Robt., Jr. 

'Morton, Marcus, Jr. 



Morton, Nathaniel 
Motley, J. L. 
Moulton, F. 
Miller, Thompson 
[Newell, Charles S. 
jNewhall, James H. 
'Nash, Stephen G. 
Nickerson, Sereno D. 
[Nichols, Benj. W. 
jNoyes, Geo. F. 
Nutter, Charles C. 
Oliver, Peter 
| Oliver, Andrew 
'Osgood, Jos. B. F. 
j Osgood, I. P. 
I Otis, Edmund B. 

Otis, Wm. F. 
j Otis, Theodore 
jPaine, Robert Treat 

Paine, Charles C. 

Paine, John T. 
! Park, J. C. 

Parker, S. D. 

Parker, Aurelius D. 
I Parker, Charles H. 

Parker, E. G. 
[Parker, Francis E. 
[Parker, Henry T. 

Parker, Henry M. 

Park man, Geo. F. 
[Parker, Jon a. M. 

Parmenter, Wm. E. 

Peabody, O. G. 

Peabody, Augustus 

iPearson, E. 

Peck, George W. 

Peirce, R. N. 

Perkins, B. C. 

Perkins, Jacob C. 

Perrin, Wm. H. 

Perry, Sanford B. 

Phillips, Stephen H. 

iPhillips, Wendell 

Phillips, Geo. W. 

Phillips, G. T. 

Pickering, Edward 

[Pickering, John 

Pike, Chas. Edward 



116 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Pinkerton, J. M. 
Plummer, Win. 
Plummer, S. S. 
Plympton, S. F. 
Pope, T. B. 
Pond, Benjamin 
Potter, Orlando B. 
Prescott, Wm. G. 
Preston, Geo. H. 
Prince, Frederic O. 
Putnam, Geo. F. 
Putnam, John P. 
Rand, Benjamin 
Rand, Edward S. 
Rand, Charles W. 
Randall, James R. 
Ranney, Ambrose A. 
Rantoul, Robert, Jr. 
Reed, Edward 
Rice, Geo. Edward 



Sawyer, F. W. 
Sayles, F. O. 
Seudder, H. A. 
Searle, G. W. 
Sewall, Samuel E. 
Sheppard, John H. 
Shimmin, Charles F. 
Shipley, Horatio 
Simmons, David A. 
Simmons, C. F. 
Smith, C. F. 
Smith, Chauncy 
Smith, George A. 
Smith, Ebenezer, Jr. 
Smith, Horace E. 
Smith, Wm. 
Smith, Y. A. 
Snelling, G. H. 
Sohier, Wm. 



Sohier, E. D. 
Richardson, Ivory W. Sohier, W. D. 
Richardson, Wm. Spaulding, Asa 

Richardson, Wm. A. Sprague, S. E. 
Richardson, Nathaniel Spooner, A. C. 
Riley, Patrick Sparhawk, George 

Ripley, Ezra jStearns, Wm. G. 

Ritchie, Harrison 



Robb, James B. 
Robins, Richard 
Robinson, S. W. 
Rogers, Edward 
Rogers, H. B. 
Rogers, Wm. 
Rdlker, Bernard 
Rollins, James W. 
Russell, B. F. 
Russell, J. D. 
Russell, C. T. 
Russell, J. J. 
Russell, Thomas H. 
Russell, Thomas 
Russell, Wm. G. 
Saltonstall, Leverett 
Sanger, Geo. P. 
Sargent, Henry J. 
Sargent, Horace B. 
Savage, James 
Sawyer, Benj. F. 



Stevens, C. G. 
Stevens, Oliver 
Stone, E. F. 
Story, W. W. 
| Story, Isaac, Jr. 
I Story, Charles W. 
'Story, Jacob, Jr. 
1 Strong, Wm. C. 
1 Sumner, Bradford 
Sumner, Charles 
Thaxter, David 
Thomas, Charles G. 
Thomas, Seth J. 
Thorndike, Larkin 
Thornton, J. W. 
Tilton, Warren 
Timmins, Geo. H. 
To bey, Seth 
Todd, John 
Tolman, Thomas 
Townsend, Samuel R. 



| Tread well, James P. 
iTuxbury, Geo. W. 
lUpham, F. W. 
; Wakefield, Thos. L. 
| Walker, Wm. L. 
iWalley, S. H., Jr. 
Ware, Henry 
iWare, Thornton K. 
Warde,John C. B. 
|Ward, Samuel D. 
iWashburn, A. C. 
i Washburn, F. L. 
Washburn, VV. R. P. 
iWason, Milton 
I Watson, Thomas A. 
! Watts, Francis O. 
; Way land, F., Jr. 
Webster, Daniel 
j Webster, Fletcher 
Webb, Seth., Jr. 
; Welch, W. J. 
j Welch, Charles A. 
Wellington, Hiram 
Wells, Geo. Duncan 
West, A L. 
jWest, Edward B. 
I Wheeler, A. S. 
[Wheelock, P. S. 
iWheelright, Edward 
jWheelright, G. A. 
[White, Jonathan 
Whitman, Geo. H. 
| Whiting, Wm. 
(Whittle", D. F. 
Willis, Horatio M. 
Willard, Joseph 
Willard, Paul, Jr. 
Williams, S. K. 
Williams, E. D. 
Williams, T. H. 
Withington, O. W. 
Woodbury, Chas. L. 
Woodman, A. 
Woodman, Horatio 
Wright, Edwin 
Wright, Robt. W. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



117 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 

BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 



Barnstable, Nymphas Marston, 
Geo. Marston, Zeno Scudder. 
Brewster, Geo. Copeland. 
Falmouth, Jas. D. Lewis. 
Orleans, John Doane. 



Sandwich, C. B. H. Fessenden, 

Seth F. Nye. 

Yarmouth Port, John Reed, 
Simeon N. Small. 

Wellfleet, John W. Davis. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 



Adams, Henry J. Bliss, S. W. 
Bowerman, F. O. Sayles, 
(South) ; H. L. Dawes, O. C. B. 
Duncan, N. Hodge, A. A. Rich- 
mond, Thomas Robinson, James 
T. Robinson, L. C. Thayer, 
(North.)^ 

Cheshire, John C. Wolcott. 

Dalton, Chas. F. Bennett. 

Great Barrington, C. N. Emer- 
son, Increase Sumner, Henry 
Wheeler, J. B. Woodruff. 

Hancock, Silas H. Gardner. 

Lanesborough, Wm. T. Filley. 

Lee, Frank Chamberlain, Jona- 
than F. Cook,Wm. Porter, Frank- 
lin Sturgis. 

Otis, Lester Filley, Marshall 
Wilcox. 



Lenox, Henry W. Bishop, Geo. 
J. Tucker, William S. Tucker, 
John A. Walker. 

New Marlborough, A. Turner. 

Pittsfeld, Robert W. Adams, 
Henry Briggs, J. D. Colt, Thos. 
A. Gould & Son, L. H. Gam- 
well, H. Hubbard, E. H. Kellogg, 
M. R. Lancthon, Calvin Martin, 
E. Merwin, P. L. Paige, Julius 
Rockwell. 

Sandisfield, Lemuel K. Strick- 
land. 

Sheffield, Robert F. Barnard, 
James Bradford, Jr. E. F. En- 
sign, Billings Palmer. 

Stockbridge, Jonathan E. Field. 

Tyringham, John Branning. 

West Stockbridge, H. W. Taft. 



BRISTOL COUNTY. 



Attleborough, John Daggett. 

Berkley, Samuel Breck. 

Fairhaven, John A. Hawes, 
Nath'l S. Spoon er. 

Fall River, Cyrus Alden, H. 
Battelle, Josiah C. Blaisdell, Jas. 
Ford, Charles J. Holmes, Lewis 
Lapham, Job G. Lawton, David 
Perkins, Eliab Williams. 

Freetown, E. P. Hathaway, 
Jos. Hathaway, N. Hathaway. 
11 



Easton, Cyrus Lathrop. 

New Bedford, Geo. L. Barney, 
L. F. Brigham, Alan son Borden, 
J. H. Clifford, Timothy G. Coffin, 
William G. Cross, H. G. O. Col- 
by, J. F. Dearborn, T. D. Eliot, 
Adam Mackie, Walter Mitchell, 
J. H. W. Page, Jonas R. Per- 
kins, Wm. R. Pitman, Oliver 
Prescott, Joshua C. Stone, Au- 
gustus A. West. 



118 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Pawtucket, Apollos Cushman, 
Claudius B. Farnsvvorth. 

Taunton, Francis Baylies, A. 
Bassett, E. H. Bennett, Samuel 
Breck, Jos. P. Dean, T. L. Lin- 



coln, Marcus Morton, Nathaniel 
Morton, Horatio Pratt, C. I. Reed, 
W. A. F. Sproat, Samuel R. 
Townsenrl, Sidney Williams, 
Henry Williams. 



DUKES COUNTY. 



Edgartown, T. G. Mayhew, 
Leavitt, Thaxter. 



Tisbury, Zeph. Bennett. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Amesbury, W. C. Binny. 

Andover, Moses Foster, Jr., N. 
W. Hazen, Samuel Merrill, J. 
W. Perry. 

Beverly, Robert Rantoul, Jr., 
Thomas Stephens. 

Danvers, A. A. Abbott, John 
W. Proctor. 

Georgetown, J. P. Jones, Jere. 
Russell. 

Gloucester, Lonson Nash. 

Haverhill, Isaac Ames, Jas. H. 
Duncan, Nath. S. Howe, Alfred 
Kittredge, John J. Marsh, Wm. 
Taggart. 

Ipswich, George Haskell, Geo. 
R. Lord. 

Lawrence, Enoch Bartlett, A. 

A. Blanchard, Geo. W. Benson, 

B. Bordman, Geo. P. Briggs, Jo- 
seph F. Clark, Joseph Couch, 
Perley S. Chase, N. W. Harmon, 
Charles S. Newell, Christopher | 
G. Newton, Daniel Saunders, j 
Jr., Ivan Stevens, Wm. Stevens, j 
Thos. A. Parsons, Thos. Wright, j 
Wm. Wright. Dan Weed, N. G. I 
White. 



Lynn, B. F. Mudge, Thos. B. 
Newhall, James R. Newhall, Jer- 
emiah C. Stickney. 
Marblehead, Wm. Fabens. 
Methuen, John Tenney. 

Newburyport, Horace Bickford, 
Nathaniel Hills, Joseph G. Ger- 
rish, S. W. Marston, W. A Mars- 
ton, John B. Swasey, Ebenezer 
F. Stone, A. W. Wildes, Samuel 
Phillips. 

Rockport, J. B. Manning. 

Rowley, Thomas E. Pa\son. 

Salem, Geo. Andrews, Benj. 
Barstow, Neh. Brown, Jr., Geo. 
F. Cheever, George F. Choate, 
Horace L. Conolly, Amory Hol- 
brook, Asahel Huntington, J. G. 
King, E. W. Kimball, N.J. Lord, 
O. P Lord, Wm. D. Northend/ 
Jos. B F Osgood, Benj. C. Per- 
kins, Stephen H. Phillips, David 
Roberts, Augustus D Rogers, 
Augustus Story, J. G. Waters, 
S. P. Webb, George Wheat- 
land. 
Topsfield, Charles H. Holmes. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



119 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



Charlemont, Sylvester Max- 
well, Edwin H. Porter. 

Coleraine, John Drury, Wm. 
Lanfair. 

Conway, Albert Clarke. 

Beer field, Pliny Arms, Jona- 
than A. Saxton. 

Greenfield, David Aiken, D. 
W. Alvord, A. Brain ard, Geo T. 
Davis, W. T. Davis, Geo Gren- 
nell, James S. Grennell, W. Gris- 



wold, H. G. Newcomb, H. G. 
Parker, Franklin Ripley, David 
Willard. 

Montague, Jonathan Hart well. 
Northfield, Charles Mattoon. 
Orange, R. D. Chase, Stephen 
Emery. 

Shelburne, Arthur Maxwell. 

Sunderland, H. W. Taft. 

Warwick, Henry Barnard. 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 



Chicopee, Charles R. Ladd, I 
Amos W. Stockwell, George L. 
Squiers. Augustus L. Soule, John 
Wells. ' 

W. Granville, Chas. F. Bates, 
J. Cooley. 

Holyoke, Chas. H. Branscomb, 
Edward P. Burnham, Joseph M. 
Davis, E. L. Miller, Lester E. 
Newell, William B. C. Pearsons, 
Chauncy B. Rising, Fayette 
Smith. 

Palmer, Samuel L. Fleming, 
Calvin Torrey, Frederic T. Wal- 
lace. 

Springfield, Geo. Ashmun, Al- 



len Bangs, E. D. Beach, E. W. 
Bond, R. A. Chapman, J. W. 
Crooks, Charles, C. Hayward, 
Josiah Hooker, Henry B. Jud- 
kins, Henry Morris, George B. 
Morris, O. B. Morris, James H. 
Morton, J. Warren ISTewcomb, 
Lorenzo Norton, Timothy D. 
Pelton, Ansel Phelps, Otis A. Sea- 
mans, Wellington Thompson, 
Henry Vose, Geo. Walker, J. 
Willard, Charles A. Winchester. 
Westfield, William G. Bates, 
Wm. Blair, Patrick Boies, Henry 
Fuller, Edward B. Gillett, N. T. 
Leonard. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



Amherst, Jas. W. Boyden, El- 
bridge G. Bowdoin, I. F. Conkey, 
Edward Dickinson. 

Belchertown, Mark Doolittle, 
Myron Lawrence. 

Chesterfield, Dyar Bancroft. 

Enfield, E. Clark. 

Greenwich, Laban Marcy. 

Hadley, Giles C. Kellogg. 

Hatfield, Israel Billings. 



Northampton, William Allen, 
Jr., Osmyn Baker, H. H. Chil- 
son, Charles A. Delano, William 
O. Gorham, Charles P. Hunting- 
ton. 

South Hadley, Wm. Bowdoin. 

Ware, Samuel T. Spaulding. 

Williamsburg, Elisha Hubbard, 
Addison, H. White. 



120 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Billerica, Geo. Whitman. 
Cambridge, S. P. P. Fay, Isaac 
Fiske, A. Hilliard, William J. 
Whipple. Cambridgeport, H. M. 
Chamberlain, Abraham Edwards, j 
Charles Ingersoll, Bela F. Jacobs, 
G. W. Livermore, Franklin | 
Sawyer, Jr. East Cambridge, j 
Ephm. Buttriek, J. S. Ladd, L. 
Marrett. 

Charlestown, Macon B. Allen, I 
Arthur W. Austin, Henry D. ! 
Austin, Moses G. Cobb, James \ 
Dana, George Farrar, William \ 
Sawyer, Paul Willard, Paul Wil- 
lard, Jr., Geo. W. Warren. 
Chelmsford, Samuel Parker. 
Concord, George M. Brooks, 
Nathan Brooks, Samuel Hoar, 
Ebenezer R. Hoar, John S. 
Keyes. 

Dracut, J. P. Robinson, Wm. 
Smith. 

Framinqham, Josiah Adams, C. 
C. Esty, C. R. Train. 

Groton, Caleb Butler, Geo. F. 
Farley, Bradford Russell. 
Holliston, Elias Bullard. 
Hopkinton, William L. South- 
wick. 

Lowell, James C. Abbott, Ju- 
lian Abbott, J. G. Abbott, Joel 
Adams, E. A. Alger, I. W. Beard, 
H. G. Blaisdell, A. P. Bonney, 
A. R. Brown, S. A. Brown, B. 
F. Butler, Robert B. Caverly, 
Z. B. Caverly, H. G. F. Corliss, 
Frank Crosby, Benjamin Dean, 
Jr., Jas. Dinsmore, R. Dinsmore, 
A. W. Farr, A. J. Gunnison, 
Moses G. Howe,John A. Knowles, 
Jonathan Ladd, Rufus Lap- 
ham, Abraham Mead, Jr., John 



McNeil, Isaac S. Morse, B. W. 
Poor, Benjamin Poole, Daniel S. 
Richardson, William A. Richard- 
son, John P. Robinson, E. F. 
Sherman, Wm. Smith, T. H. 
Sweetser, Wm. P. Webster, Tap- 
pan Wentworth, G. P. Waldron. 

Maiden, Charles Lewis, Wm. 
S. Stearns. (North,) J. C. Per- 
kins, S. E. Sewall. 

Marlboro', Richard Farwell. 

Medford, S. B. Perry. 

Natick, J. W. Bacon. 

Newton, C. C. Andrews, L. F. 

Pepperell, Asa F. Lawrence. 

Pleading, Chauncy P. Judd, A. 
A. Prescott, Joshua Prescott. 

Shirley, James Gerrish. 

South Pleading, Wm. L. Brown, 
O. P. Potter. 

Stpneham, Alonzo V. Lynde. 

Stowe, Edwin Whitney. 

Townsend, Frederic A. Wor- 
; cester. 

Tyngsborough, Charles Butter- 
j field, John Farwell. 

Waltham, N. P. Banks, Arad 
1 Moore, Josiah Rutter. 

Waterto'wn, Tyler Bigelow, Ch. 
! Bemis, J. H. Richardson, Levi 
Thaxter. 

Wayland, Gustavus A. Somer- 

West Cambridge, James Rus- 
sell. 

Westford, J. W. P. Abbott. 

Weston, Alpheus Bigelow, Isaac 
Fiske. 

Winchester, John A. Bolles, 
Fred. O. Prince. 

Woburn, Joshua P. Converse, 
Albert H. Nelson, Gorham Parks, 
James M. Randall. 



COUNSELLORS AND ATTORNEYS. 



121 



James M. Bunker, 
Edward M. Gardner, 



NANTUCKET COUNTY. 

Charles K. Whitman. 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 



Braintree, Naaman L. White. 

Brookline, George Griggs. 

Canton, Ellis Ames, Samuel B. 
Woyes. 

Dedham, Jonathan H. Cobb, 
Ira Cleaveland, James Richard- 
son, Ezra Wilkinson. 

Dorchester, Asaph Churchill, S. 
P. Loud, N. F. Safford. 

Foxborough, Samuel S. Warren. 

Medjield, Daniel Adams, Jona- 
than P. Bishop. 

Medway, Warren Lovering. 

Milton, Jason Reed, N. F. Saf- 
ford. 



Quincy, J. M. Gourgas, William 
S. Morton. 

Randolph, N. C. Berry, Aaron 
Prescott. 

Roxbury, J. J. Clarke, William 
Gaston, Joseph Harrington, Fran- 
cis Hilliard, Sherman Leland, 
Wm. S. Leland, D. A. Simmons, 
Jon a. F. Woodside. 

Stoughton, A. Loring Cushing. 

Walpole, J. M. Gannett, 

Weymouth, F. A. Kingsbury, 
E. F. Hall. 

Wrentham, M. Everett, Samuel 
Warner, Jr. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 



Abington, Benj. Hobart, Jesse 
E. Keith, Jared Whitman. 

Bridgewater, William Latham. 

Duxbury, Samuel Stetson. 

E. Bridgewater, Benj W. Har- 
ris, A. Hobart, Welcome Young. 

Hanover, Perez Simmons, Alex. 
Wood. 

Hingham, Eben. Gay, Solomon 
Lincoln. 

Middleborough, Z. Eddy, Eve- 
ritt Robinson, Eliab Ward, Wm. 
H. Wood. 



Kingston, T. P. Beal, J. S. Beal. 

North Bridgewater, Eliab Whit- 
man, Jona. White. 

Plymouth, Wm. Davis, Gusta- 
vus Gilbert, J. H. Loud, William 
S. Spear, William Thomas, J. B. 
Thomas. 

Pembroke, James H. Whitman. 

Rochester, John Eddy. 

Scituate, Ebenezer T. Fogg. 

Wareham, S. Miller, Jr.' 

West Bridgewater, Wm. Bay- 
lies, Austin Packard. 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 



Ashburnham, Geo. C. Parker. 
Athol, Chas. Field, Isaac Ste- 
vens, J. C. B. Warde. 

Barre, Edward Avery, P. Em- 
11* 



ory Aldrich, Chs. C. Brimblecom, 
Nahum F. Bryant. 

Blackstone, N. J. Smith, Paul 
P. Todd. 



122 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Boylston, James Davenport. 

Fitchburg, Stephen Holman, C. ! 
Mason, Amasa Norcross, Chs. H. 
B. Snow, Eben. Torrey, Milton 
Whitney, Nath'l Wood, Thornton 
K. Ware. 

Grafton, T. Abbott, Samuel H. 
Allen, Wm. F. Slocum. 

Harvard, H. B. Pearson, Abel 
Whitney. 

Hubbardston, Samuel Swan, G. 
Swan. 

Lancaster, J. T. Dame, C. G. 
Stevens, G. R. M. Withington. 

Leominster, Joel W. Fletcher. 

Milford, Leander Holbrook, J. 
S. Scammell, J. A. Weston. 

Millbury, C. R. Miles, Abm. G. 
Randall. 

Nortliborougli, Samuel Clarke. 

N. Brookfield, Daniel Gilbert. 

Oxford, Charles D. Bowman. 

Petersham, Jared Weed, C. K. 
Wetherell. 

Southbridge, Merril Barlow, F. 
W. Botham, F. W. Bottom. 

Sturbridge, G. Davis, B. D. 
Hyde. 

Templet on, G. H. Whitney, 
(Baldwinville.) 

Uxbridge, Lucian C. Boynton, 
F. Dean, Jr., Joseph Thayer. 
Warren, George L. Squier. 



Webster, Edward Rogers, 

Underwood. 

Westborough, Lewis H. Boutell. 

West Brookfield, Jesse Bliss, 
Arad Gilbert, Elisha Hammond. 

West Boylston, Ephm. Hinds. 

Westminster, John Todd. 

Winchendon, David L. Morrill, 

B. O. Tyler. 

Worcester, Charles Allen, P. 

C. Bacon, Ira M. Barton, Wm. 
Sumner Barton, Wm. O. Bartlett, 
A. Bigelow, Calvin M. Brooks, A. 
H. Bullock, Edwin Conant, Henry 
Chapin, John A. Dana, J. Davis, 
Isaac Davis, J. C. B. Davis, F. H. 
Dewey, Dwight Foster, E. Fuller, 
F. W. Gale, S. B. I. Goddard, J. 
W. Goodrich, W. N. Green, Geo. 
Frisbee Hoar, Franklin Hall, J. H. 
Hill, W. R. Hooper, W. H. Howe, 
T. Kinnicutt, Pliny Merrick, A. 
Morse, Joseph Mason, J. H. Mat- 
thews, L. A. Maynard, W. B. 
Maxwell, B. F. Newton, R. New- 
ton, Grenville Parker, Addison 
Prentiss, G. W. Richardson, E. B. 
Stoddard, Wm. A. Smith, Henry 

D. Stone, Benj. F. Thomas, Jos. 
Trumbull, Emory Washburn, J. 
W. Wetherell, Lemuel Williams, 

I Hartley Williams, William A. 
! Williams. 



* COMMISSIONERS, 

Resident in other States, who have been appointed by the Government 
of Massachusetts, to take testimony and depositions to be read in 
the Courts of Massachusetts, — also to administer Oaths, and to 
take the Acknowledgment of Deeds, Powers of Attorney, and all 
instruments under seal to be recorded in said Commonwealth. 



MAINE. 



Child, James L. 
Nichols, Asaph R. 



Augusta. 



Woart, Wm. Jr. 
Cutting, Jonas 



Augusta. 
Bangor. 





COMMISSIONERS. 


123 


Dinsmore, Sam'l P. 


Bangor. 


Dodge, John C. 


Newcastle. 


Gilman, Charles 




Coffin, John R. 


Nobleboro'. 


Godfrey, James E. 




Adams, James 


Norridgew. 


Moody, George B. 


. . 


Wilson, Nathaniel 


Orono. 


Poor, John A. 




Anderson, Sam'l J. 


Portland. 


Sewall, Jacob S. 


Bath. 


Nichols, Amos 




Sewall, F. K, 




Davies, Edward H. 




Titcomb, Moses 


Brunswick. 


Fessenden, Dan'l W. 


Bradbury, Bion 


Calais. 


Willis, William 




Abbot, Charles J. 


Castine. 


0. Donnell 




Granger, Daniel T. 


Eastport. 


Hubbard, John 


S. Berwick. 


Harden, Aaron, Jr. 


• • 


O'Brien, David 


Thomaston. 


Nutting, David 


Gardiner. 


Cochran, John C. 


Rockland. 


Godfrey, James 


Houlton. 


Read, Isaac G. 


Waldoboro' 


Porter, Charles A. 


Machias. 


Benson, Sam'l P. 


Winthrop. 




NEW HAMPSHIRE. 




Currier, David 


Auburn. 


French, George A. 


Manchester. 


Elkins, Jeremiah 


Barnstead. 


Preston, John 


Newlpswich. 


Eaton, Ephm. 


Concord. 


Cutts, Hampden 


Portsmouth. 


George, John H. 




Hackett, Wm. H. J. 




Anderson, Wm. 


Derry. 


Hayes, J. L. 




Woodman, Chs. W. 


Dover. 


Parker, Wm. B. 




Chamberlain, Levi 


Keene. 


Storer, Samuel 




Foster, Herman 


Manchester. 


Hall, Obed 


Tamworth. 




RHODE 


ISLAND. 





Robins, Christop'r E. Newport, i Martin, Henry Providence. 

Hayes, Wingate Providence. | Smith, Wm. H. 



VERMONT. 



Elliot, James Brattleboro'. 

Stansbury, Edw. R. Burlington. 
Yilas, Levi B. Chelsea. 



Heald, Daniel A. 
Barrett, James 



Ludlow. 
Woodstock. 



Bolles, Jas. Grant 
Drake, Richard G. 
Dwight, W. Pardee 
Smith, Erastus 
Barnes, Jonathan 
Woodward, Jas. M. 



CONNECTICUT. 

Hartford. Danforth, John New London. 

" Cowles, Geo. R. Norwalk. 

" Learned, Ebenezer, Norwich. 

" Wait, John T. 

Middletown. Kingsbury, Fred. J., Waterbury. 
New Haven. 



124 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



NEW YORK. 



Allen, Thomas, City of N. York 
Ballister, Jos. N. 
Betts, William C. 
Bissell, John 
Bliss, William 
Bridgham, Joseph 
Cook, Zebedee, Jr. 
De Forest, Henry G. 
Emerson, William 
Evarts,Wm. M. 
Fields, Stephen J. 
Folsom, George 
Gibbs, George 
Gracie, William 
Maclay, Moses B. 
Maxwell, Wm. H. 
Mitchell, John W. 
Moulton, Joseph W. 
Osgood, Samuel 
Piatt, 0. H. 
Russell, Wm. C. 
Sargent, John 0. 
Stark, John 
Toehman, Gaspard 
Warner, Andrew 
Wheeler, David E. 
White, Thomas 
Allen, Otis Albany 

Birdseye, Lucian 
Colt, Joseph S. 
De Lancey, Edward 
Perry, John S. 
Morgan, Christo. Auburn. 
Rogers, Thos. C. Angelica, Al- 
leghany Co. 



Hammond, Wm. G., Brooklyn. 
Lyon, Amasa U. 
Thompson, Chas. H. 
Gibbs, James S. Buffalo. 
Gold, Charles R. 
Hopkins, Nelson K. . . 
Mann,Wm.W. 
Williams, Isaiah T. 
Benjamin, Orson Canandaigua. 
Bryant, Tiberias J. Cayuga Co. 
Gibbs, Anson Ellicottville. 

Matteson, Chas. F. Freedonia. 
Dorr, Russell G. Hillsdale, Co- 
lumb'n Co. 
Fairfield, John W. Hudson. 
Churchill, Wm. C. Little Falls. 
Greene, Powers L. 
Rockwell, Jno. M. Madison. 
Bull, Geo. G. NewLebanon. 

Hopkins, Jas. G. Ogdensburg. 
Brewster, Hen. A. Rochester. 
Danforth, Geo. F. 
Bouck, Jas. M. 



Schenectady. 

Syrac 

Troy. 



Bogg, J. Lawrence Syracuse. 
Gale, John B. 
Gould, George 
Olin, Job S. 
White, Joseph 
Woodbury, P. T. 
Churchill, Sam'l Utica. 
Gilmore, Dexter . . 

Andrews, E. W. Warsaw. 
Hastings, John West Troy. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Binns, John City of Philadelphia. 
Clay, Joseph A. 
Devereux, John . . 

Gerhard, Benjamin . . 
Grout, Hen. T. 



Hirst, Henry B. City of Philad. 
Paul, James W. 
Sullivan, J. T. S. 
Tarr, A. De Kalb 



COMMISSIONERS. 



125 



NEW JERSEY. 



Cassidy, George W. Jersey City. | Hart, Simeon 
Capser, William Newark. 



Patterson. 



Dustin, Daniel H. 
Edgaj-, John M. 
Frick, Wm. F. 
Gilman, Charles 



MARYLAND. 

Baltimore. 



Taylor, H. Allen 
Varnum, Joseph B. 
Wade, John, Jr. 
Williams, Joseph B. 



Baltii 



KENTUCKY. 



Goodwin, Simeon S. Louisville. 
Kirkhead, Jos. B. 
Shaffner, T. P. 



Smith, Hamilton 
Smith, Ballard 
Graves, Benj. F. 



Louisville. 
Lexington. 



LOUISIANA. 



Ainsworth, Albert C.,N. Orleans. 
Duncan, Lucius C. 



Halsey, Jno. McLean N. Orleans. 
Paine, Thos. Nelson 
Pool, Daniel C. 





MICH 


[GAN. 




Maynard, Wm. J. 


Ann Arbor. 


Woodbury, Francis 


Jackson. 


Broadhead,ThorntonF. Detroit. 


Wiswell, Oliver C. 


Lansing. 


Lewis, Gleason H. 




Cross, Robert 


Marshall. 


Taft, Levi B. 




Wing, T. E. 


Munroe. 


Webster, Daniel F. 


OH 


10. 




Bates, Joshua H. 


Cincinnati. 


Briggs, James A. 


Cleaveland 


Carpenter, Samuel S. 


Fisher, E. B. 




Cranch, Edward P. 




Kirk, Wm. M. 


Dayton. 


Fenton, Joseph B. 




Bagg, Sylvester 


Elyria. 


Lincoln, Frederic E 


>. 


Day, Geo. E. H. 


Pains ville. 


Smith, Henry W. 


ILLI 


NOIS. 




De Wolf, Wm. F. 


Alton. 


Metcalf, Geo. T. 


Peoria. 


Lincoln, Wm. S. 




Gilman, Charles 


Quincy. 


Kettelle, Charles 


Charlestown. 


Hough, David L. 




Bentley, Cyrus T. 


Chicago. 


Tillson, John, Jr. 




Clark, Henry A. 




Hulin, Wm. 


Eockford. 


Stark, John 




James, Benj. F. 


Tremont. 


Washburn, E. B. 


Galena. 







126 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



INDIANA. 



Worthington, Ellis, Fort "Wayne. 
Otto, Wm. T. Indianapolis. 

Crawford, Randall, NewAlbany. 



Buller, Oliver, Richmond, Wayne 

County. 
Ellis, Abner T. Vincennes. 



MISSOURI. 



Davis, John St. Louis. 

Davis, Andrew J. 
Eager, John M. 
Furniss, William 



Harding, C. Jr. St. Louis. 
Shepley, John R. 
Tiffany, Pardon D. 
Tillson, Chas. H. 



MISSISSIPPI. 

Hillyer, Giles M. West, George Holly Springs. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Baker, Henry H. Charleston, j Northrop, C. B. Charleston. 
Egffleston, Geo. W. . . I Robinson, Lewis F. 

Newhall, E. R. . . | Whaley, Joseph 

NORTH CAROLINA. 



Deming, Gurdon, Fayetteville. 



Davis, Geo. Wilmington, 

Lippitt, Jeremiah 



VIRGINIA. 



Baker, Wm. Lisle, Charlestown. j Crane, A. Judson Richmond. 
Robinson, Harrison Norfolk. | Yeaton, Wm. C. Alexandria. 



GEORGIA. 



Gould, Jas. Gardner, Augusta. Lawton, Alex. R. Savannah. 

Higgins, Charles A. Macon. McAllister, M. H. 

Reid, David . . | Schley, George 



TENNESSEE. 

Thornton, J. B Memphis. 

ALABAMA. 

Chamberlain, Henry Mobile. ; Jackson, Jefferson F.Montgomery. 
Hamilton, Th. A. ' .. I Garrett, William Tuscaloosa. 

Moody, Theodore L. 



COMMISSIONERS. 



127 



FLORIDA. 

Baltzell, Geo. F. Apalachicola. | Hutchins, Geo. W. Tallahasse. 

TEXAS. 

Johnson, Robert D Galveston. 

Yates, Andrew J 

IOWA. 

Bissell, E. M Du Buque. 



WISCONSIN. 



Holmes, John E. Jefferson. j Chapman, Horace Racine 



Ripley, F. Jr. Milwaukee. 

Baldwin, Samuel E. 



Marsh, Henry- 
Kinsman, John D. Southport. 



CALIFORNIA. 



Billings, Fred. San Francisco. 
Marble, Levi 
Lull, Lewis R. 



Noyes, Geo. F. S. Francisco. 

Perkins, Jonas R. 

Longley, Wm. R. Monterey. 



Callan, John F. 
De Selding, Charles 



WASHINGTON, D. C. 

I Hall, David A. 



OREGON. 



Gibbs, George Astoria. I Culver, Chas. P. Oregon City, 

Holbrook, Amory 



COMMISSIONERS 



Resident in Massachusetts, appointed by other States, to take testi- 
mony to be used, and Acknowledgment of Deeds to be recorded, 
in said States. 



Abbott, James A. 
Atkinson, J. 
Austin, Ivers J. 
Bigelow, John P. 
Bolles, John A. 
Brooks, Francis A. 



FOR MAINE. 

Boston. Buck, Edward 

Buckingham, J. H. 
Burbank, Robert I. 
Chandler, P. W. 
Chandler, T. P. 
Chase, Marshall S. 



Boston. 



128 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Currier, Benj. H. 
Dexter, Thomas A. 
Dodge, J. C. 
Dudley, E. G. 
Ely, A. B. 
Fiske, A. H. 
Giles, A. E. 
Harlow, T. S. 
Ingersoll, Charles 
Jackson, A., Jr. 
Kent, George 
Kettelle, J. Q. 
Larrabin, Chas. W. 
Nichols, J. P. 
Nutter, Charles C. 
Parmenter, Wm. E. 
Phillips, T. W. 
Pond, Benj. 
Rantoul, Robt. Jr. 
Rice, Geo. E. 



Boston. Stone, L. M. Boston. 

Thacher, Geo. M. 
Thornton, J. Wingate 
Washburn, Alex. C. 
Washburn, Fred. L. 
Watts, Francis O. 
Walker, W. P. 
Wheelock, P. S. 
Webber, John Gloucester. 
Burnham, Edw. P. Holyoke. 
Briggs, Geo. P. Lawrence. 
Chilson, H. H. Northampton. 
Holbrook, Amory, Salem. 
Fields, Jona. E. Stockbridge. 



Leonard, N. T. 
Hall, Elijah F. 
Goodrich, J. W., 
Hill, J. Henry 
Prentiss, Addison 



Westfield. 

Weymouth. 

Worcester. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



Abbott, James A. Boston. 

Austin, I vers J. 
Barnes, Isaac O. 
Betton, Ninian C. 
Bigelow, J. P. 
Bigelow, G. T. 
Bolles, John A. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Burbank, R. I. 

Butters, Wm. 

Currier, Benj. H. 

Dana, Edward A. 

Dow, Nathan G. T. 

Dudley, E. F. 

Ely, Alfred B. 

Griswold, Almon W. 

Hayes, Francis B. 

Healy, John F. 

Hubbard, Nathaniel D. . . 

Hutchins, H. G. 

Kent, George 

Kimball, J. S. 

Mason, David H. 



Mayo, Charles 
Nash, S. G. 
Oliver, Peter 
Parker, Henry M. 
Phillips, Stephen H. 
Pond, B. 
Price, E. Sewall 
Rogers , William 
Stevens, Charles G. 
Thacher, Geo. M. 
Thornton, J. W. 
Tilton, Alfred E. 
Wheelock, P. S. 
Clark, Joseph F. 
Kittredge, Alfred 
Jones, J. P. 
Boardman, Benj. 
Briggs, Geo. P. 
Clark, David T. 
Weed, Dan 
Beard, E. W. 
Brown, Alpheus R. 
Leavitt, Edward S. 



Boston. 



Andover. 
Haverhill. 
Georgetown. 
Lawrence. 



Lowell. 



COMMISSIONERS. 



129 



Martin, Nathan C. 
Walker, Geo. 
Leonard, N. T. 



Milton. 

Springfield. 

Westfield. 



Hall, Elijah F. 
Hill, J. Henry 



Weymouth. 

Worcester. 







VERMONT. 




Adams, Chas. B. F. 


Boston. 


Kent, George 


Boston. 


Austin, Ivers J. 




Phillips, Stephen 


. . 


Barrett, James 






Thornton, J. Wingate . . 


Bolles, J. A. 






Wheelock, P. S. 


. . 


Bigelow, J. P. 






Briggs, G. L. 


Lawrence. 


Buckingham, J. H. 






Ladd, Jonathan 


Lowell, 


Chase, Marshall S. 






Webster, Wm. P. 




Crafts, Wm. A. 






Holbrook, Amory 


Salem. 


Currier, B. H. 






Fields, Jona. E. 


Stockbridge 


Ely, Alfred B. 






Seamans, Otis A. 


Springfield. 


Griswold, Almon W. 






Hall, Elijah F. 


Weymouth. 


Guernsey, L. B. 




Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 




RHODE 


ISLAND. 




Adams, Chas. B. F. 


Boston. 


Washburn, A. C 


Boston. 


Austin, Ivers J. 




Wheelock, P. S. 




Buck, Edward 




Train, Chas. R. 


Framingham 


Buckingham, J. H. 




Briggs, G. P. 


Lawrence. 


Currier, B. H. 




Gaston, W. 


Roxbury. 


Griggs, George 




Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 


Jackson, A., Jr. 


CONNE 


DTICUT. 




Adams, Charles B. F 


Boston. 


Nutter, Charles C. 


Boston. 


Austin, Ivers J. 




Putnam, John P. 




Bolles, John A. 




Thornton, J. W. 




Brown, G. M. 




Bryant, Walter A. 


Barre. 


Buck, Edward, 




Briggs, J. P. 


Lawrence. 


Buckingham, J. H. 




Gaston, William 


Roxbury. 


Burbank, R. I. 




Seamans, Otis A. 


Springfield. 


Currier, B. H. 




Palmer, Billings 


Sheffield. 


Ely, A. B. 




Leonard, N. T. 


Westfield. 


Hale, Geo. S. 




Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 


Holmes, John S. 








' 



12 



130 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 





NEW 


STORK.* 




Buckingham, J. H. 


Boston. 


Bunker, James M. 


Nantucket. 


Colby, R. L. 




Jennison, Sam'l Jr. 


Newton. 


Currier, Benj. H. 




Hinckley, Sam'l L. 


Northamptn. 


Hillard, Geo. S. 




Cobb, Ezekiel R. 


Pitts field. 


Watts, Francis 0. 




Phillips, Stephen H. Salem. 


Mitchell, Walter 


Bradford. 


Palmer, Billings 


Sheffield. 


Soule, Augustus L. 


Chicopee. 


Bond, W. Ephm. 


Springfield. 


Hill, Henry J. 


G. Barrington 


Walker, Geo. 




Brainard, Almon 


Greenfield. 


Pearson, Eliphalet 


Waltham. 


Tucker, Geo. J. 


Lenox. 


Leonard, Norman T. Westfield. 


Richardson,W. A. 


Lowell. 


Dewey, Daniel 1ST. 


Williamst'n. 




PENNSYLVANIA. 




Austin^ Ivers J. 


Boston. 


Story, Isaac Jr. 


Boston. 


Bolles, John A. 




Smith, H. W. 




Buckingham, J. H. 




Newell, C. S. 


Lawrence. 


Bnrbank, R. I. 




Whitman, Chas. K. 


Nantucket. 


Chandler, T. P. 




Gaston, William 


Roxbury. 


Currier, B. H. 




Hinckley, S. L. 


Northamptn . 


Ely, A. B. 




Chilson, H. H. 




Griswold, Almon W. 


Leonard, N. T. 


Westfield. 


Morton, Marcus, Jr. 


Goodrich, J. W. 


Worcester. 


Story, Wm. W. 




Hill, J. Henry 






NEW J 


ERSEY. 




Bolles, J. A. 


Boston. 


Phillips, G. W. 


Boston. 


Currier, B. H. 




Leonard, Norm. T. 


Westfield. 


Ely, Alfred B. 


DELA^ 


SVARE. 




Currier, B. H. 


Boston. 


Leonard, Norm. T. 


Westfield. 


Moulton, Ferd. 


MARY 


Hill, J. Henry 

LAND. 


Worcester. 


Austin, Ivers J. 


Boston. 


Phillips, Stephen H 


. Boston. 


Currier, B. H. 




Newell, Charles S. 


Lawrence. 


Fiske, A. H. 


, , 


Leonard, Norm. T. 


Westfield. 


Jackson, A., Jr. 




Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 



* By a law passed by the New York Legislature, in July, 1850, the number of Com- 
missioners for that State has been reduced and limited. 







COMMISSIONERS. 


131 




NORTH CAROLINA. 




Austin, I vers J. 


Boston. 


Currier, B. H. 


Boston. 


Buckingham, J. H. 




1 Thornton, J. W. 






SOUTH CAROLINA. 




Currier, B. H. 


Boston. 


Hinckley, S. L. 


Northampton 


Egan, James 




Leonard, IS. T. 


Westfield. . 


Griggs, George 




Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 




OHIO. 




Adams, Charles B. F. 


Boston, 


Parker, Henry M. 


Boston. 


Austin, I vers J. 






Phillips, S. H. 




Bolles, J. A. 






Pond, Benjamin 


. , 


Buck, Edward 






Rice, George E. 




Buckingham, J. H. 






Thornton, J. W. 




Burbank, Robert I. 






Webb, Seth, Jr. 


, m 


Currier, B. H. 






Briggs, G.P. 


Lawrence. 


Egan, James 






Palmer, Billings 


Sheffield. 


Ely, Alfred B. 






Walker, Geo. 


Springfield. 


Hayward, Charles 






Fields, Jona. E. 


Stockbridge. 


Otis, E. B. 






Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 




IND 


IANA. 




Austin, Ivers, J. 


Boston. 


Kent, George 


Boston. 


Bolles, J. A. 




Thacher, Geo. M. 




Buckingham, J. H. 




Thornton, J. W. 




Currier, B. H. 




Leonard, N. T. 


Westfield. 


Ely, Alfred B. 


VIRG 


Hill, J. Henry 

rINIA. 


Worcester. 


Austin, Ivers J. 


Boston. 


Thornton, J. W. 


Boston. 


Buckingham, J. H. 




Aldrich, P. Emory 


Barre. 


Currier, B. H. 




Leonard, N. T. 


Westfield. 


Jackson, Abm., Jr. 


. . 


Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 


Oliver, Peter 








• 


LOUIS 


IANA. 




Adams, Charles B. F. 


Boston. 


Prince, F. 0. 


Boston. 


Betton, George F. 






Rice, George E. 




Buck, Edward 






Sanger, G. P. 




Currier, B. H. 






Thornton, J. W. 




Dehon, William 






Leonard, N. T. 


Westfield. 


Marcy, J. W. 






Hill, J. Henry 


Worcester. 


Minot, George 











132 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Austin, Ivers J. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 



TENNESSEE. 



Boston. 



Holbrook, Amory Salem. 
Leonard, Norman T. Westfield. 
Hill, J. Henry Worcester. 



ILLINOIS. 



Austin Ivers J. 
Bigelow, Horatio 
Brooks, Francis A. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 
Ely, Alfred B. 
Jackson, A., Jr. 



Boston. 



Kimball, J. S. 
Story, Charles W. 
Briggs, George P. 
Palmer, Billings 
Leonard, N. T. 
Hill, J. Henry 



Boston. 

Lawrence. 
Sheffield. 
Westfield. 
Worcester. 



Austin, Ivers, J. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 
Dickinson, F. W. 
Kent, George 



MICHIGAN. 

Boston. 



Morton, M., Jr. 
Palmer, Billings 
Fields, Jona. E. 
Leonard, N. T. 
Hill, J. Henry 



Boston. 

Sheffield. 

Stockbridge. 

Westfield. 

Worcester. 



MISSOURI. 



Austin, Ivers J. 
Bigelow, Horatio 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 



Boston. 



Jackson, A., Jr. 
Briggs, G. P. 
Leonard, N. T. 
Hill, J. Henry 



Boston. 
Lawrence. 
Westfield. 
Worcester. 



Austin, Ivers J. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 



KENTUCKY. 

Boston. 



Dickinson, F. W. Boston. 

Thornton, J. W. 

Hill, J. Henry Worcester. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



Adams, Charles B. F. Boston. 
Austin, Ivers J. 
Bacon, T. S. 
Currier, B. H. 



Thacher, Geo. M. 
Thornton, J. W. 
Hinckley, S. L. 
Leonard, N. T. 



Boston. 

Northampton. 
Westfield. 



GEORGIA. 



Currier, B. H Boston. 



COMMISSIONERS 


OF INSOLVENCY. 


13 




FLORIDA. 




Austin, Ivers J. 
Buckingham, J. H. 


Boston. 1 Currier, B. H. 
1 Leonard, N. T. 

ALABAMA. 


Boston. 

Westfield. 


Austin, Ivers J. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Currier, B. H. 
Healy, H. P. 


Boston. 


Fields, Jona. E. 
Leonard, N. T. 
Hill, J. Henry 


Stockbridge. 

Westfield. 

Worcester. 




TEXAS. 




Brinley, 


Francis Boston. 




IOWA. 




Austin, Ivers J. 


Boston. | Leonard, N. T. 
WISCONSIN. 


Westfield. 


Austin, Ivers J. 
Brooks, Francis A. 
Buckingham, J. H. 
Codman, Robert 
Washburn, Alex. C. 


Boston. 


Wilcox, Marshall, 
Fields, Jona. E. 
Leonard, N. T. 
Hill, J. Henry 


Otis. 

Stockbridge 
Westfield. 
Worcester. 




CALIFORNIA. 




Adams, Charles B. F.» 


Boston. 



COMMISSIONERS OP INSOLVENCY. 

John M. Williams, of Boston, for Suffolk County. 
John G. King, of Salem, for Essex County. 
Asa F. Lawrence, of Pepperell, for Middlesex County. 
Henry Chapin, of Worcester, for Worcester County. 
Myron Lawrence, of Belchertown, for Hampshire County. 
Daniel W. Alvord, of Greenfield, for Franklin County. 
George B. Morris, of Springfield, for Hampden County. 
Thomas Robinson, of Adams, for Berkshire County. 
Francis Hilliard, of Roxbury, for Norfolk County. 
Welcome Young, of East Bridgewater, for Plymouth County. 
David Perkins, of Fall River, for Bristol County. 
12* 



134 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Zeno Scudder, of Barnstable, for Barnstable County. 
George Cobb, of Nantucket, for Nantucket County. 
Leavitt Thaxter, of Edgartown, for Dukes County. 

These Commissioners hold a Court of Insolvency, at the shire 
towns of their respective Counties, on the 1st Tuesday of each 
month. Salary, fees not exceeding the amount of $1,500 each. 



PUBLIC ADMINISTRATORS. 

[Appointed under Act of April 9, 1839.] 

Public Administrators are authorized to administer on the estates of 
persons, aliens and other's, dying without legal heirs in this State. 

J. P. Bigelow, Boston ; Charles Marston, George Marston, Barn- 
stable ; Solomon Davis, Truro ; Wm. Whitney, Stockbridge ; Thos. 
Bradley, Tisbury ; Nathan Brooks, Concord ; Moses Edgell, Fram- 
ingham ; Ira Cleaveland, Dedham ; Jos. S. Beal, Kingston ; Frederic 
Robinson, Marblehead ; Nathan Millet, Salem; Henry H. Crapo, 
New Bedford; Thomas Needham, Salem; Dan Weed, Lawrence; 
Samuel G. Mitchell, Nantucket, Wm. Jennison, Worcester. 



BOARDS OP COMMISSIONERS. 

BANK COMMISSIONERS. 

Solomon Lincoln, Hingham, Chairman ; Joseph S. Cabot, Salem ; 
George S. Boutwell, Groton. 

COMMISSIONERS CONCERNING- HARBOR OF BOSTON AND PLATS. 
Joel Giles, Chairman ; Simon Greenleaf, Ezra Lincoln, Boston. 

SUPERINTENDENT OP ALIEN PASSENGERS. 

Jotham B. Munroe, No. 59 Long Wharf, Boston. 

Samuel Foye, Salem. 

Ebenezer Luther, Fall River. 

S. G. Edwards, New Bedford. 

COMMISSIONERS FOR REVISING AND REFORMING PROCEEDINGS 
IN COURTS OF JUSTICE. 

Benjamin R. Curtis, Boston ; Nathaniel J. Lord, Salem ; Reuben 
A. Chapman, Springfield. 

COMMISSIONER ON RAILROAD CROSSINGS. 

R. Sylvester Cheesbro, Newton. 



MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA. 135 

COMMISSIONERS ON THE SUBJECT OF AN AGRICULTURAL 
SCHOOL. 

Samuel A. Elliot, Boston ; Thomas E. Payson, Rowley ; Ely 
Warren, Upton ; Edward Hitchcock, Amherst ; Marshal P. Wilder, 
Dorchester. 

COMMISSIONERS CONCERNING A REFORM SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

Wm. Appleton, Boston ; Geo. W. Campbell, Pittsfield ; Joseph 
H. Billings, Roxbury. 

COMMISSIONERS CONCERNING THE ENLARGEMENT OF THE 
STATE PRISON. 

Jonathan Preston, Boston ; John Odin, Jr., Boston. 

COMMISSIONERS OF PILOTS, BOSTON. 
Caleb Curtis, Samuel Quincy. 



MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA. 

[Corrected at the office of the Adjutant- General^ to December, 1850.] 

The Militia of Massachusetts is divided into two classes, the active 
and enrolled ; the latter consists of all " able-bodied white male citi- 
zens, of the age of eighteen years, and under that of forty-five, 
excepting persons enlisted into volunteer companies, and persons 
exempted by law, or incapacitated by physical and other causes." 
[See sec. 5, Militia Law.] The whole number enrolled in 1850, as 
appears from the Returns of Assessors of cities and towns, (whose 
duty it is to make such returns,) is 110,050. 

The Active Militia consists of Volunteers, who are paid a per 
diem allowance when on duty, amounting, in the whole, to $6.50 
per annum, each man. They consist, by the Brigade Returns of 
1850, of 4591 men. These are organized into three Divisions, and 
six Brigades, embracing two Divisionary Corps of Cadets, two' 
Troops of Cavalry, four Regiments, and four Companies " annexed " 
of Artillery, and nine Regiments of Light Infantry. 

GENERAL STAFF. 

His Excellency, George N. Briggs, of Pittsfield, Commander-in- 
chief. Adjutant- General, George H. Devereux, of Salem. 



136 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Aids to Commander-in-chief, with rank of Lieutenant- Colonel. — Ezra 
Lincoln, of Boston ; William A. Richardson, of Lowell ; Gordon 
McKay, of Pittsfield ; T. Bigelow Lawrence, of Boston. 

DIVISION, FIELD, AND STAFF OFFICERS. 

First Division. — Suffolk, Norfolk, Plymouth, Bristol, Barnstable, 
Nantucket, and Dukes. 

Major- General, Benjamin F. Edmands, of Boston ; Aid-de-camp, 
Charles G. King, of Boston; Aid-de-camp, John L. Plummer, of 
Boston ; Division Inspector, Francis Boyd, of Boston ; Division Quar- 
termaster, Benjamin C. Howard, of Boston ; Judge Advocate, Samuel 
E. Guild, of Boston. 

Second Division.^ — Middlesex and Essex. 

Major-General, William Sutton, of Salem ; Aids-de-camp, Stephen 
Osborne and George R. Carlton, of Salem ; Division Inspector, Dan- 
iel Perkins, of Salem ; Division Quartermaster, Henry B. Groves, of 
Salem ; Judge Advocate, Alfred A. Abbott, of Dan vers. 

Third Division. — Worcester, Hampshire, Hampden, Franklin, 
Berkshire, and part of Norfolk. 

Major- General, George Hobbs, of Worcester ; Aides-de-camp, 
Horace Hobbs and Joseph D. Keyes, of Worcester ; Division In- 
spector, Henry D. Stone, of Worcester ; Division Quartermaster, 
Frederick G. Styles, of Worcester ; Judge Advocate, John A. Dana, 
of Worcester. 

BRIGADE, FIELD, AND STAFF OFFICERS. 

First Division. — First Brigade. 

Brigadier- General, Samuel Andrews, of Boston; Aid-de-camp, 
Henry C. Brooks, of Boston ; Brigade Major, P. Stearns Davis, of 
Boston ; Brigade Quartermaster, Joseph H. Bennett, of Boston. 

Second Brigade. 

Brigadier- General, Eliab Ward, of Middleboro' ; Aid-de-camp, 
Jabez Pratt, of Boston ; Brigade Major, Noah C. Perkins, of Middle- 
boro' ; Brigade Quartermaster, , of —. 

Second Division. — Third Brigade. 

Brigadier- General, Henry Wilson, of Natick ; Aid-de-camp, J. G. 
Chase, of Lowell ; Brigade Major, D. Goocfrvin Lang, of Lowell, 
Brigade Quartermaster, Francis W. Bigelow, of Watertown. 



MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA. 137 

Fourth Brigade. 

Third Division. — Fifth Brigade. 

Brigadier- General, Augustus Morse, of Leominster ; Aid-de-camp, 
of ; Brigade A/a/or, William H. Young, 



of Leominster ; Brigade Quartermaster, Manson D. Haws, of Leo- 
miuster. 

Sixth Brigade. 

Brigadier- General, Benjamin E. Cook, of Northampton ; Aid-de- 
camp, James Thompson, of Northampton ; Brigade Major, Charles 
K. Hawkes, of Northampton ; Brigade Quartermaster, Geo. F. Wright, 
of Northampton. 

OFFICERS OF CAVALRY. 
First Division. — First Brigade. National Lancers. 

Captain, Thomas J. Pierce, of Boston ; 1st Lieutenant, Jonas C. 
Gipson, of Boston.; 2d Lieutenant, Seth Wilmarth, of Boston ; 3d 
Lieutenant, Charles A. Kimball, of Cambridge ; 4th Lieutenant, Mig- 
hill Smith, of Boston. 

OFFICERS OF ARTILLERY. 

First Regiment. — Third Brigade. Second Division. 4 Companies. 

Colonel, James Jones, Jr., of Lincoln ; Lieutenant- Colonel, Aaron 
Clark, 2d, of Charlestown ; Major, John S. Keyes, of Concord ; Ad- 
jutant, Ephraim C. Wetherbee, of Concord ; Quartermaster, Abiel 
Hey wood, of Concord ; Paymaster, William W. Wildes, of Concord ; 
Surgeon, Henry C. Chapin, of Lincoln ; Surgeon's Mate, Edward 
Mulliken, of Waltham ; Captain,. Richard Barrett, of Concord, 
Company A; Captain, William N. Kemp, of Groton, Company B ; 
Captain, William Gibbs, of Waltham, Company C ; Captain, Jona- 
than Bartlett, of Charlestown, Company D. 

Annexed to 6th Light Infantry. — Fourth Brigade. Second Division. 
2 Companies. 

Captain, Frederick J. Coffin, of Newburyport, Company A ; Cap- 
tain, John W. Rhoades, of Salem, Company D. 

Third Regiment. — Sixth Brigade. Third Division. 

Colonel, Jonas W. Smith, of Northampton ; Lieutenant- Colonel, 
Jefferson Leach, of Belchertown ; Major, Joseph Colton, of Amherst ; 
Adjutant, John B. Augur, of Northampton ; Quartermaster, Austin 
C. Wood, of Northampton ; Paymaster, Sydenham C. Parsons, of 



138 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Northampton ; Surgeon, Samuel A. Fisk, of Northampton ; Surgeon's 
Mate, ; Chaplain, Rev. E. P. Rogers, of North- 
ampton. 

Fourth Regiment. — Second Brigade. First Division. 
Colonel, Daniel Gloyd, of Abington ; Lieutenant- Colonel, 



; Major, James Bates, 2d, of Abington ; Adjutant, Jonathan 
Arnold, Jr., of Abington ; Quartermaster, Brackley C. Dunham, of 
Abington ; Paymaster, Oliver G. Tinkham, of North Bridgewater ; 
Surgeon, Asa Millet, of North Bridgewater ; Surgeon's Mate, Nahum 
A. Gurney, of Abington ; Chaplain, Rev. Nathaniel Gunnison, of 
Abington ; Captain, Quincy T. Harding, of South Abington, Com- 
pany A ; Captain, , Company B ; Captain, Duncan 

T. Stoddard, of Hanover, Company C ; Captain, Larned Wilmarth, 
of Taunton, Company D. 

. Fifth Regiment. — First Brigade. First Division. 

Colonel, Robert Cowdin, of Boston ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Henry W. 
Usher, of Medford ; Major, Caleb Page, of Boston ; Adjutant, Sam- 
uel S. Chase, of Roxbury ; Quartermaster, Frederick A. Heath, of 
Roxbury ; Paymaster, Samuel A. B. Bragg, of Boston ; Surgeon, 
James M. Phipps, of Boston ; Surgeon's Mate, Charles E. Bucking- 
ham, of Boston ; Chaplain, Rev. Otis A. Skinner, of Boston ; Cap- 
tain, William W. Bullock, of Boston, Company A ; Captain, Elijah 
Thompson, of Charlestown, Company B ; Captain, Jerome B. Piper, 
of Somerville, Company C ; Captain, Moses H. Webber, of Rox- 
bury, Company D. 



OFFICERS OF LIGHT INFANTRY. 

Divisionary Corps of Cadets. — 2 Companies. 
First Division: 

Lieutenant- Colonel, Thomas C. Amory ; Lieutenant, Major Francis 
Brinley ; Ensign, Major Christopher C. Holmes ; Surgeon, John C. 
Warren, all of Boston. 

Second Division. — 1 Company. 

Captain, Samuel B. Foster ; Captain-Lieutenant, Louis J. Marks, 
1st Lieutenant, Joseph A. Dalton ; 2d Lieutenant, Charles A. Ropes ; 
Ensign, Richard Skinner, Jr. 

First Regiment. — First Brigade. First Division. 

Colonel, Charles L. Holbrook, of Boston ; Lieutenant- Colonel, John 
C. Boyd, of Roxbury ; Major, James A. Abbott, of Boston ; Adjutant, 
Henry A. Snow, of Boston ; Quartermaster, T. Lewis Robinson, of 



MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA. 139 

Boston ; Paymaster, Caleb T. Curtis, of Boston ; Surgeon, William 
Hawes, of Boston ; Surgeons Mate, Joseph S. Jones, of Boston ; 

Chaplain, Rev. ; Lieutenant, Ossian D. Ashley, of 

Boston, Company A. Captain, Josiah P. Bradlee, of Boston, Company 
B ; Captain, Albert J. Wright, of Boston, Company C ; Captain, 
George Clark, Jr., of Boston, Company D ; Captain, Newell A. 
Thompson, of Boston, Company E ; Lieutenant, John Parker, of 
Boston, Company F ; Captain, Albert H. Kelsey, of Boston, Com- 
pany G-; Captain, William C. Cassell, of Boston, Company H; Cap- 
tain, Abijah S. Merriam, of Roxbury, Company J ; Lieutenant, Wil- 
liam H. Saunders, of Boston, Company K ; Captain, Benj. Perley 
Poore, of Boston, Company L ; Captain, Horace Williams, of Rox- 
bury, Company M ; Captain, Martin T. Champney, of Boston, (Rifle) 
Company. 

Second Regiment. — Extinct. 

Third Regiment. — Second Brigade. First Division. 

Colonel, Elnathan W. Wilbur, of Middlebo rough ; Lieutenant- Col- 
onel, James F. Drew, of Halifax ; Major, George Ward, of Middle- 
borough ; Adjutant, Lemuel G. Pierce, of Middleborough ; Quarter- 
master, Joel F. Ellis, of North Bridgewater; Paymaster, Levi P. 
Thatcher, of Middleborough ; Surgeon, Eben W. Drake, of Middle- 
borough ; Surgeon's Mate, Charles T. Thatcher, of Middleborough ; 
Chaplain, Rev. Ephraim Ward, Jr., of Middleborough ; Captain, Jon- 
athan B. Waterman, of Halifax, Company A ; Captain, Sylvanus H. 
Churchill, of Plymouth, Company B ; Captain, James H. Look, of 
Rochester, Company C ; Captain, George A. Glasur, of Abington, 
Company D ; Captain, Albert Thomas, of Middleborough, Company 
E ; Captain, Stephen Thomas, of Middleborough, Company F ; Cap- 
tain, Ebenezer W. Pierce, of Freetown, Company G ; Captain, Jas. 
C. Ellis, of Plympton, Company H. 

Fourth Regiment. — Third Brigade. Second Division, 

Colonel, Moses F. Winn, of Woburn ; Lieutenant- Colonel, William 
Hemmenway, of Framingham ; Major, Nathan P. Colburn, of South 
Reading ; Adjutant, John H. Fellows, of East Cambridge ; Quarter- 
master, ■ . i. ; Paymaster, ■ ; Surgeon, 

Henry A. Barret, of Concord ; Surgeon's Mate, • ; 

Lieutenant, Lowell Fay, of Concord, Company A ; Lieutenant, John 
Low, of Reading, Company B ; Captain, James Durell Green, of 
Cambridge, Company C; Captain, George P. Sanger, of Charles- 
town, Company D; Captain, Timothy Winn, of Woburn, Company 
G ; Captain, Henry C. D. Griswold, of Framingham, Company K ; 
Captain, Ephraim Moore, of Sudbury, (Rifle) Company. 



140 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Fifth Regiment. — Third Brigade. Second Division. 

Colonel, Abijah Watson, of Lowell; Lieutenant- Colonel, Benjamin 
F. Butler, of Lowell ; Major, Edmund A. Parker, of Pepperell ; Ad- 
jutant, George F. Sawtell, of Lowell ; Quartermaster, Holland Street- 
er, of Lowell ; Paymaster, Waldo A. Fisher, of Lowell ; Surgeon, 
Luther B. Morse, of Lowell ; Surgeon's Mate, Joel Spaulding, of 
Lowell; Chaplain, Rev. Theodore Edson, of Lowell; Lieutenant, 
Warren Brooks, of Townsend, Company A ; Captain, George Thom- 
as Bancroft, of Pepperell, Company B ; Captain, Thomas G. Farmer, 
of Lowell, Company C ; Captain, Swan L. Lesure, of Lowell, Com- 
pany D ; Captain, Charles A. Prescott, of Westford, Company F ; 
Captain, Daniel Pope, of Marlborough, Company G. 

Sixth Regiment. — Fourth Brigade. Second Division. 

Colonel, Joseph Andrews, of Salem; LAeutenant- Colonel, Benjamin 

Brown, of Marblehead ; Major, ; Adjutant, Henry 

Merritt, of Salem ; Quartermaster, John G. Willis, of Salem ; Pay- 
master, ; Surgeon, George C. S. Choate, of Salem ; 

Surgeon's Mate, David Dana, of Lawrence ; Chaplain, Rev. James 
W. Thompson, of Salem ; Captain, William C. Endicott, of Salem, 
Company A ; Captain, Benjamin R. White, of Salem, Company B ; 
Captain, Joseph Gregory, of Marblehead, Company C ; Captain, 
John Carroll, Jr., of Marblehead, Company D ; Captain, Joseph W. 
Hildreth, of Beverly, Company E ; Captain, Enoch Bartlett, of 
Lawrence, Company G; Captain, Jonathan N. Felton, of Salem, 
Company H ; Captain, Samuel C. Oliver, of Lawrence, Company J. 

Seventh Regiment. — Extinct. 
Eighth Regiment. — Fifth Brigade. Third Division. 

Colonel, Charles W. Longley, of Worcester; Lieutenant- Colonel, 
Jonas C. Harris, of Ashland ; Major, Albert H. Foster, of Worces- 
ter ; Adjutant, Augustus B. R. Sprague, of Worcester ; Quartermaster, 

Albert Holmes, of Worcester ; Paymaster, ; Surgeon, 

Benjamin Hey wood, of Worcester ; Surgeon's Mate, Henry G. Bates, 
of Worcester ; Captain, Abijah Ellis, of Hopkinton, Artillery an- 
nexed ; Captain, Simpson Jones, Jr., of Ashland, Company A; Cap- 
tain, Edward Lamb, of Worcester, Company B ; Captain, John M. 
Goodhue, of Worcester, Company C ; Lieutenant, William D. Chee- 
ver, of Hubbardston, Company D ; Captain, Ebenezer M. Hosmer, 
of West Boy lston, Company E ; Captain, Maynard King, of West 

Boylston, Company G ; — — — ; Holden, (new) Company 

J. 



MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA. 141 

Ninth Regiment. — Fifth Brigade. Third Division. 
Colonel, James Coolidge, of Fitchburg; Lieutenant- Colonel, Edwin 
Upton, of Fitchburg; Major, George Whitney, of Fitchburg; Adju- 
tant, George W. Rockwood, of Fitchburg ; Quartermaster, Jerome 

G. Whitcomb, of Fitchburg ; Paymaster, ; Surgeon, 

O. L. Huntley, of Fitchburg; Surgeon's Mate, ; 

Captain, Christopher Gates, of Leominster, Artillery annexed ; Cap- 
tain, Alfred R. Ordway, of Fitchburg, Company B ; Captain, Thos. 
Carter, of Leominster, Company C ; Captain, Joseph M. Whitman, 
of Westminster, Company D ; Captain, Moses Sawyer, 2d, of Ster- 
ling, Company F ; Captain, Warren L. Merritt, of Templeton, Com- 
pany G ; Captain, David Kendall, of Gardner, Company H ; Cap- 
tain, George Peirce, of Royalston, Company J ; Captain, Sydney 
Fairbanks, of Winchendon, Company K. 

Tenth Regiment. — Sixth Brigade. Third Division. 

Colonel, ; Lieutenant- Colonel, ; 

Major, Frederick Bush, of Westfield ; Adjutant, John Moseley, of 

Westfield ; Quartermaster, ; Paymaster, ; 

Surgeon, Isaac Woolworth, of Westfield ; Surgeon's Mate, 

; Chaplain, Rev. John Alden, of Westfield ; Captain, Erasmus 

D. Beach, of Springfield, Cavalry annexed ; Captain, Charles Mon- 
roe, of Westfield, Company C ; Captain, Henry C. Moseley, of West- 
field, Company D. 

Eleventh Regiment. — Sixth Brigade. Third Division. 
Colonel, Horatio Hawkes, of Deerfield ; Lieutenant- Colonel, Samuel 
F. Dudley, of Shutesbury ; Major, Thomas W. Ripley, of Greenfield ; 
Adjutant, James Grennell, of Greenfield ; Quartermaster, John R. 

Holton, Greenfield ; Paymaster, ; Surgeon, Adams C. 

Dean, of Coleraine ; Surgeons Mate, L. Dwight Seymour, of Green- 
field; Chaplain, Rev. Alfred Ives, of Deerfield ; Captain, Elisha Wells, 
of Deerfield, Company A ; Captain, "Vincent Chapman, of Leverett, 
Company B ; Captain, Lucian H. Stone, of Montague, Company C ; 
Captain, Seneca Haskins, of Shutesbury, Company D ; Captain, Eph- 
raim H. Thompson, of Coleraine, Company E ; Captain, William C. 
Plunkett, of Adams, Company F. 

Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. 

Officers for 1850-1. Commander, Colonel Isaac Hull Wright; 
First Lieutenant, Major Geo. M. Thacher ; Second Lieutenant, Maj. 
John C. Park ; Adjutant, Major Abraham Edwards ; Sergeant, 1st, 
Geo. D. Hodges ; 2d Captain, Wm. B. Bullock ; Third Lieutenant, 
David Pulsifer ; 4th Captain, Charles L. Lambert ; 5th, George B. 
Wellman ; 6th, Edward Stearns ; Treasurer, Colonel Edward F. 
Hall ; Clerk, Lieut. Thacher Beal ; Armorer, Lieut. John G. Roberts. 
Number of Members 1 70. 

13 



142 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

UNIVERSITY AT CAMBRIDGE. 

[Founded 1638.] 

GOVERNMENT. 

Corporation. 
President, Jared Sparks, LL. D. 

Fellows. — Hon. Lemuel Shaw, LL. D. ; Charles G. Loring, LL. D. ; 
Rev. James Walker, D. D. ; John A. Lowell, A. M. ; Benjamin R. 
Curtis, A. M. 

Treasurer. — Hon. Samuel A. Eliot, A. M. 

Overseers. — The Governor of the Commonwealth, the Lieutenant- 
Governor, the members of the Council and of the Senate, the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, the President of the University, ex 
officio, and the following persons by election : — 

Hon. Daniel A. White, LL. D., Samuel P. P. Fay, A.M., Richard 
Sullivan, A. M., Lemuel Shaw, LL. D., Daniel Webster, LL. D., James 
T. Austin, LL.D., Levi Lincoln, LL. D., James Savage, LL. D., Mar- 
cus Morton, LL. D., Jacob Bigelow, M. D., Edward Everett, LL. D., 
John C. Gray, A. M., Stephen C. Phillips, A. M., Samuel H. Walley, 
A. M., Geo. S. Hillard, A. M., Rev. Charles Lowell, D. D., Daniel 
Sharp, D. D., Joseph Field, D. D., Alvan Lamson, D. D., Samuel 
Barrett, D. D., Ezra S. Gannett, D. D., Alexander Young, D. D., Sec- 
retary of the Board, Hosea Ballou, 2d, D. D., Wm. P. Lunt, D. D., 
Samuel K. Lothrop, A. M., George Putnam, D. D., William M. Rogers, 
A. M., William A. Stearns, A. M., George E. Ellis, A. M. 

Officers of Instruction and Government. 

Jared Sparks, LL. D., President. 

Francis Sales, A. M., Instructor in Spanish. 

James Jackson, M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of 
Physic, Emeritus. 

John C. Warren, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, Emeritus. 

Jacob Bigelow, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica. 

Walter Channing, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Medical Juris- 
prudence. 

Edward T. Channing, LL. D., Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and 
Oratory. 

William B. Bond, A. M., Director of the Observatory. 

Simon Greenleaf, LL. D., Professor of Law, Emeritus. 

Hon. Joel Parker, LL. D., Roy all Professor of Law. 

, , Erving Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy. 

John Ware, M. D., Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of 
Physic. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 143 

James Walker, D. D., Alford Professor of Natural Religion, Moral 

Philosophy, and Civil Polity. 
Convers Francis, D. D., Parkman Professor of Pulpit Eloquence, and 

the Pastoral Care. 

, Hollis Professor of Divinity. 

Thaddeus W. Harris, M. D., Librarian. 

Hon. Theophilus Parsons, LL. D., Dane Professor of Law. 

George R. Noyes, D. D., Hancock Professor of Hebrew and other 

Oriental Languages, and Dexter Lecturer on Biblical Literature. 
Hon. Luther S. Cushing, LL. B., Lecturer on Real Law, the Civil 

Law, and Criminal Law. 
John B. S. Jackson, M. D., Professor of Pathological Anatomy, and 

Curator of the Anatomical Museum. 
Henry W. Longfellow, A. M., Smith Professor of the French and 

Spanish Languages and Literatures, Professor of Belles-Lettres, 

and Instructor in Italian. 
John L. Sibley, A. B., Assistant Librarian. 
Louis Agassiz, LL. D., Professor of Zoology and Geology in the 

Lawrence Scientific School. 
Cornelius C. Felton, LL. D., Eliot Professor of Greek Literature, 

and Regent. 
Oliver W. Holmes, M. D., Parkman Professor of Anatomy and 

Physiology. 
Benjamin Peirce, LL. D., Perkins Professor of Astronomy and 

Mathematics. 
Asa Gray, M. D., Fisher Professor of Natural History. 
Francis Bowen, A. M., McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern 

History, and Instructor in Political Economy. 
Joseph Lovering, A. M., Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural 

Philosophy. 
Jeffries Wyman, M. D., Hersey Professor of Anatomy. 
Henry J. Bigelow, M. D., Professor of Surgery. 
Henry L. Eustis, A. B., Professor of Engineering in the Lawrence 

Scientific School. 
Evangelinus A. Sophocles, A.M., Tutor in Greek. 
Bernard Rolker, A. M., Instructor in German. 
Eben N. Horsford, A. M., Rumford Professor, and Lecturer on the 

Application of the Sciences to the Useful Arts. 
George P. Bond, A. B., Assistant Observer. 
Shattuck, Hartwell, A. M., Tutor in Latin. 
Henry A. Johnson, A. M., Proctor. 
Charles A. Whitcomb, A. B., Proctor. 
Nathaniel Hooper, A. M., Proctor. 
Robert Wheaton, A. B., Instructor in French. 
Charles Lowe, A. M., Tutor in Latin. 

John M. Marsters, A. B., Tutor in History, and Instructor in Elocu- 
tion. 



144 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Francis M. Tower, A. B., Proctor. 

Thomas Chase, A. B., Tutor in Latin, and Registrar. 

Josiah P. Cooke, A. B., Tutor in Mathematics, and Instructor in 

Chemistry and Mineralogy. 
William G-. Stearns, A. M., Steward. 
Elijah F. Valentine, Assistant Steward and Patron. 

Requisites for Admission. 

It is very important that the candidates should be thoroughly pre- 
pared, particularly in grammatical and elementary knowledge. If 
they have more time than is requisite for this purpose, instructors are 
desired and advised, for obvious reasons, not to anticipate the books 
read in College, but to direct the attention of their pupils to other 
authors. 

Time and Conditions of Examination. 

The examination for the Freshman Class occupies two days, and 
takes place in University Hall, on the Monday and Tuesday of the 
Commencement week, (the 14th and 15th of July,) beginning pre- 
cisely at 6 o'clock, A. M., on Monday morning. Attendance on both 
days is required. 

No person will be examined for admission to the College at any 
other time than the commencement of a term, except in extraordi- 
nary cases. 

Parents and instructors are requested not to offer candidates for 
examination, unless it be intended that, if admitted, they shall imme- 
diately join their class. 

Students may be admitted to advanced standing, at any part of the 
College course previous to the second term of the Senior year. In 
order to such admission to advanced standing, the candidate must 
appear, on examination, to be well versed in the following studies : — 

1. In the studies required for admission to the Freshman Class. 

2. In all the required studies pursued by the class for which he is 
offered. 

3. And in the elective studies of two out of the three departments of 
Greek, Latin, and Mathematics, pursued by that class for which he is 
offered. He must also pay to the Steward at the rate of $45 per annum, 
according to the standing to which he is admitted. Any student, how- 
ever, who has a regular dismission from another college, may be 
admitted to the same standing, if, on examination, he is found 
qualified, without any pecuniary consideration. This charge for 
advanced standing is also remitted to indigent students. 

Every candidate, before examination, must produce proper testi- 
monials of a good moral character, and, after being accepted on 
examination, must give a bond, with sureties, of which one at least 
must belong to this Commonwealth, to the satisfaction of the Steward 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 145 

of the College, in the sum of four hundred dollars, to pay all charges 
accruing under the laws and customs of the University. A certificate 
that such bond has been given must be exhibited to the President, 
before any person can be admitted to the privileges of the institution. 

Academical Year. 

The Academical Year is divided into two Terms and two Vacations. 

The First Term begins six weeks after Commencement, on Thurs- 
day morning, (August 29th, 1850,) and continues twenty weeks. 

The First Vacation begins at the end of the First Term, Wednes- 
day evening, (January 15th, 1851,) and continues six weeks, till 
Thursday morning, the 27th of February. 

The Second Term begins at the end of the First Vacation, Thurs- 
day morning, (February 27th, 1851,) and continues twenty weeks. 

The Second Vacation begins at the end of the Second Term, 
Wednesday evening, (July 16th, 1851,) and continues six weeks, till 
Thursday morning, the 28th of August. 

There is a Recess of four days in each Term, during which the 
students are allowed to be absent from the College. 

The First Recess begins on the Tuesday evening before Thanks- 
giving, and ends on the Saturday evening following that day. 

The Second Recess begins on Tuesday evening, (May 27th, 1851,) 
and ends on the Saturday evening following. 

The Public Exhibitions take place on the third Tuesday (15th) of 
October, and on the first Tuesday (6 th) of May. 

The Dudleian Lecture is on the second Wednesday (14th) of May. 

The Commencement is on the third Wednesday (l 6th) of July, 1851. 

The Senior Class Day is on Friday, June 20th. 

Expenses. 

The necessary expenses of an undergraduate for a year, included 
in the University bills, are as follows : — 

Instruction, Library, Lecture-rooms, $75 00 

Rent, and care of Room, 15 00 

Board for forty weeks, at $2,50 per week, 100 00 

Text-books (average), 12 00 

Special Repairs, &c, from 1 to 2 00 



$204 00 

Other expenses must vary with the economy of each student. 
Wood and coal ready for use are delivered at the students' rooms, by 
the lessee of the College wharf, at the market price, usually at $6,50 
per cord for wood, and $7 per ton for coal, The rent of rooms in 
private houses, from $30 to $60 per annum, Board in the town, from 
$2,50 to $3,50. The students find their own beds and furniture. 
13* 



146 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

DIVINITY SCHOOL. 

Faculty of Theology. — Jared Sparks, LL. D., President. Convers 
Francis, D. D., George R. Noyes, D. D. 

Candidates for admission are expected to present themselves on 
the first day of the Term. If unknown to the Faculty, they are to 
produce testimonials to their moral and serious character. 

Candidates for admission to an advanced standing must have been 
engaged in the study of Theology as long as the class into which they 
propose to be received, and must pass an examination in the studies 
which that class has pursued. 

Students are required to reside in or near Divinity Hall. They 
give bonds in the sum of $100 for the payment of term-bills, which, 
including charges for instruction, rent, and care of room and furni- 
ture, and use of class-books, amount to $66 annually. Board may 
be had in the city at various prices, from $2.00 to $3.50 a week. 
Each student must possess a copy of the Old and New Testament 
Scriptures, in the original languages, the latter in Griesbach's or 
Tischendorf's edition. A copy of all other class-books is furnished 
on loan. Indigent students are aided from foundations and other 
sources. Three years, including the vacations, which amount to 
twelve weeks in each year, complete the term of residence. 

Students are entitled to receive instruction from the Instructor in 
the German language, and to attend, gratis, all public lectures of 
the University given to undergraduates. 

It is considered of great importance, that those who enter the 
School should be present at the beginning of the First Term. 



LAW SCHOOL. 

Faculty. — Jared Sparks, LL. D., President. Joel Parker, LL. D., 
Theophilus Parsons, LL. D. 

The design of this Institution is to afford a complete course of 
legal education for gentlemen intended for the Bar, in any of the 
United States, except in matters of mere local law and practice ; and 
also, a systematic course of studies in Commercial Jurisprudence, 
for those who intend to devote themselves exclusively to mercantile 
pursuits. 

No examination, and no particular course of previous study, are 
necessary for admission ; but the student, if not a graduate of some 
college, must be at least nineteen years of age, and produce testi- 
monials of good moral character. 

Students may enter the School in any stage of their professional 
studies, or mercantile pursuits. But they are advised, with a view 
to their own advantage and improvement, to enter at the beginning 
of those studies, rather than at a later period. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 147 

The fees are $50 a term, and $25 for half or any lesser fraction 
of a term ; for which sum, without any additional charge, students 
have the use of the Lecture-rooms, the Law and College Libraries, 
and the Text-books ; and they are admitted free to all the courses of 
Public Lectures delivered to the undergraduates in the University. 
The other expenses for a term are as follows : — 

Upon the payment of a fee of five dollars for each course, the 
Law Students may also attend the Lectures delivered in the Law- 
rence Scientific School, on Zoology, and Geology, by Prof. Agassiz ; 
on Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, by Professor Wyman ; 
and on Botany, by Professor Gray ; and on payment of a fee of 
$10, the Lectures on Chemistry, by Professor Horsford. They may 
also study any one of the Foreign Languages, taught in the Univer- 
sity, on payment of a fee of $10 per annum. 

Board, 20 weeks, from $2.00 to $3.50 per week, from $50 to $70 

Room-rent, including care of room, but not making fires, 26 to 52 

Furniture, (if the student does not furnish his own,) . . 10 to 20 

Washing 7 to 15 

Fuel, for the first or winter term, from August to Jan., 12 to 21 

" for the second or summer term, from Feb. to July, 6 to 10 

Servant (if one is employed) to make fires, &c 5 to 10 

$116 to 198 
MEDICAL SCHOOL. 

The Medical Lectures form a department of instruction in Harvard 
University. They begin annually, at the new Medical College, in 
North Grove Street, Boston, on the first Wednesday in November, at 
12 o'clock, noon. 

The following are the courses of Lectures delivered in this Col- 
lege : — 

Obstetrics and Medical Jurisprudence, . . Walter Channing, M. D. 
Materia Medica and Clinical Medicine, Jacob Bigelow, M. D. 

Theory and Practice of Physic, John Ware, M. D. 

Anatomy and Physiology, Oliver W. Holmes, M. D. 

Chemistry, Eben N. Horsford, M. D. 

Pathological Anatomy, John B. S. Jackson, M. D. 

Surgery, Henry J. Bigelow, M. D. 

The fee for the whole course is $80.* 

The fee for graduation is $20 ; which is deposited with the Dean, 
when application, is made to him for examination. 

The fee for matriculation is $3. Tnis fee is appropriated to the 

* Fees for the tickets are required to be paid when the tickets are taken out, and no 
person can be admitted to a Lecture who does not exhibit his ticket for tne same when 
called for. 



148 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

increase of the Library, and is to be paid to the Dean, by all persons 
who propose to attend any of the courses. 

The Hospital and Library are gratuitous. Tickets for the Dissect- 
ing Room, $5. No exertions are spared to obtain a supply of sub- 
jects, according to the existing laws, and to furnish to the class the 
means of pursuing the important branch of practical anatomy. 
Board is as low as in any of our cities. 

The Clinical Lectures in Medicine and Surgery are given to 
the class on cases in the Massachusetts General Hospital, three times 
a week. Surgical operations at the Hospital are frequent. An 
abundant opportunity is thus furnished to students for most impor- 
tant practical observation and study. 



LAWRENCE SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL. 

Faculty. — Jared Sparks, LL. D., President. William Cranch 
Bond, A. M. ; Louis Agassiz, LL. D. ; Benjamin Peirce, LL. D. ; 
Asa Gray, M. D. ; Joseph Lovering, A. M. ; Jeffries Wyman, M. D. ; 
Henry L. Eustis, A. M. ; Eben. N. Horsford, A. M. ; George Phillips 
Bond, A. B. 

The following courses of instruction will be given in the Scientific 
School at Cambridge, during the current Academic Year, commenc- 
ing on Thursday, August 29th, 1850. 

The instruction will be given in Lectures, Recitations, or both, 
according to the nature of the study, and at the discretion of the 
Instructor. 

Candidates for admission must have attained the age of eighteen 
years ; must have received a good common English education, and 
must be qualified to pursue to advantage the courses of study to 
which they propose to give their attention. They must furnish satis- 
factory evidence of good moral character, and give bonds in the sum 
of $200, with a surety resident in Massachusetts, for the payment of 
all dues to the School. 

Members of the School, on leaving it, will receive a certificate of 
the number of Terms for which they have been attached to it, and 
of the studies pursued by them. 

The number and choice of studies to be pursued are optional on 
the part of the students, who will, however, be counselled on these 
points by the Professors. Attendance on the Lectures and Recita- 
tions is voluntary. For this, as well as other reasons, the govern- 
ment of the University wish wholly to discourage the resort of young 
men to the Scientific School, who do not, in the opinion of their pa- 
rents and guardians, possess that stability of character and firmness 
of purpose, which will insure a faithful performance of duty, without 
academic discipline. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 149 



/. Chemistry. 



Professor E. N. Horsford, Director of the Laboratory ; Lieut. 
Angus. Dalson, 1st Assistant ; David A. Wells, A. M., 2d Assistant. 

Special students to the course of experimental instruction in 
Chemistry, give their attendance in the Laboratory from 9 o'clock, 
A.M., till 5 o'clock, P. M. 

The course will be modified to meet the wants of those designing 
to pursue practical analysis, manufacturing, metallurgy, medicine, 
engineering, agriculture, or instruction, and proportioned induration 
to the objects and previous acquisitions of the student. 

A course of Lectures upon the Practical Application of Chem- 
istry to the Arts, in the First Term, and upon Theoretical and 
Experimental Chemistry, in the Second Term, will be given by Pro- 
fessor Horsford. 

Excursions will be made in Term-time to manufacturing establish- 
ments in the neighborhood, where the practical application of 
Chemistry to the arts may be witnessed. 



II. Zoology and Geology. 

The instruction in this Department consists, alternately, of a 
course of Lectures by Professor Agassiz, on Zoology, embracing the 
fundamental principles of the classification of animals, as founded 
upon structure and embryonic development, and illustrating their 
natural affinities, habits, geographical distribution, and the relations 
which exist between the living and extinct races ; and of a course 
on Geology, both theoretical and practical. The course on Geology 
will be delivered during the next Academical Year. 

Besides the instructions of the Lecture-room, Professor Agassiz 
will afford to the students access to his Laboratory during certain 
hours, in order to show them how to observe isolated facts, how to 
determine living and fossil animals, how to identify rocks of different 
formations, and how to conduct a regular geological survey. 

For those who intend to make a farther study in these sciences, 
excursions in the neighborhood will be made in Term-time, and 
longer excursions in Vacation, to those parts of the country, near or 
remote, which offer the most instructive field of observation. 



III. Engineering. 
Professor Eustis will receive special students to the course of in- 



150 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

struction in Engineering, who will give their attendance at the School 
from 9 o'clock, A. M., to 5 o'clock, P. M. 

The course will include instruction in — 

Descriptive Geometry, with its application to masonry and stone- 
cutting, the construction of arches, &c. 

The theory of shades, shadows, and perspective, illustrated by a 
course of drawing, and mapping in all its branches. 

Surveying, with the use of the instruments, and actual operations 
in the field. 

The nature and properties of building materials, and their appli- 
cations to the construction of railroads, canals, bridges, &c. 

For those who are not sufficiently prepared, the course will com- 
mence with a review of such parts of practical mathematics as may 
be required. 



Should a sufficient number of students require it, the following 
special courses will be given : — 

Botany. 

Professor Gray will give, during the Second Term, at the Botanic 
Garden, a course of twenty-four Lectures, or Lessons, on Struc- 
tural Botany, and Vegetable Anatomy, with microscopical demon- 
strations. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. 
Dr. Wyman will give, during the Second Term, a course of twenty- 
four Lectures on Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. In this 
course, the various organs will be described, as they exist in the ani- 
mal series, in connection with the uses to which they are subservient. 
Opportunities will be afforded for studying the various tissues with 
the aid of the microscope ; and the various physical phenomena man- 
ifested by living beings will be- illustrated by experiment. 

Astronomy. 

Practical Astronomy and the use of Astronomical Instruments will 
be taught at the Observatory, by William C. Bond, Esq., Director, 
and Mr. George P. Bond, Assistant Observer. 

The Observatory is supplied with the apparatus for simultaneous 
magnetic observations, which will be intrusted to a class of students 
desirous of taking charge of it. 

Mathematics. 

Instruction will be given in the Higher Mathematics, and especially 
in Analytical and Celestial Mechanics, by Professor Peirce. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 151 

Private instruction in the various branches of Mathematics will be 
given to those desirous of receiving it, by competent instructors re- 
siding at the University. 

The following courses of Lectures delivered to undergraduates 
will be open to members of the Scientific School, viz : — 

A course on Mineralogy. 

A course on Systematic Botany according to the Natural System, by 
Professor Gray. 

On Physics, by Professor Lovering. The subject for the first term 
of 1850-1, is Electricity and Magnetism. 

A course on Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, by Professor 
Jeffries Wyman. «• 



The formation of a Museum of Natural History, on an extensive 
scale, has been commenced, under the superintendence of the Pro- 
fessors in the several departments. 

The Mineralogical Cabinet of the University, the Eumford and 
Philosophical Apparatus, the Anatomical Museum, the Botanic Gar- 
den, the Observatory, and the Public Library, will be accessible to 
the students of the Scientific School. 

Fees. 

» 

In the department of Chemistry, the fees for Special 
Students will be, for instruction six days in the week, 
per term of twenty weeks $50.00 

For laboratory apparatus and supplies 25.00 

For three days per week, two-thirds, and for one day, one-third of 
the above sums. 

The Special Students in Chemistry will also supply themselves, 
at their own expense, with such articles of apparatus as are con- 
sumed in using ; such as flasks, corks, tubing, lamps, crucibles, &c, 
together with alcohol and platinum, gold and silver solutions. 

In the Department of Engineering, for instruction six days in 
the week, fifty dollars per term. 

For three days in the week, two-thirds, and for one day, one-third 
of the above sum. 

The special students in Engineering will supply themselves with 
conveniences for drawing, necessary text-books, &c. 

In the Department of Zoology and Geology, fifty dollars per 
term. 

In the Department of Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, twenty- 
five dollars per term. 

In any of the other Departments, the fees for special instruction 
may be agreed upon with the instructor, but shall not exceed fifty 
dollars per term. 



152 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

The Lectures delivered in the Scientific School, may be attended 
by members of the School, and by members of any of the Profes- 
sional Schools, and by persons not otherwise connected with the 
University, on payment of a fee of ten dollars per course, for the 
Lectures, on Chemistry, and five dollars per course for any other 
Lectures ; and they may attend without charge any of the Lectures 
delivered to undergraduates by the Professors in the Academical 
Department. They may also study any one of the foreign languages 
taught in the University, on payment of a fee of Jive dollars per 
term. 

For farther information concerning the School, application may be 
made to Eben. N. Horsford, Dean of the Faculty. 

Professional Students and Resident Graduates. 
1850-1. 

Theological Students, 23 

Law Students, 98 

Students attending Medical Lectures, - ■ 117 

Scientific Students, 62 

Resident Graduates, 3 

303 
' Undergraduates. 

Seniors, 63 

Juniors, 78 

Sophomores, 87 

Freshmen, . . . 65 

293 
Total, 596. 

The whole number of alumni, according to the Catalogue printed 
in 1845, was 5,942, of which 2,045 were then living; 61 were grad- 
uated in August, 1846, 59 in 1847, 59 in 1848, 75 in 1849, and 63 in 
1850, — which makes the total number 7,259. 

Library. 

The total number of books in the Libraries of the University is 
as follows : — 

Public Library about 57,200 

Medical " " 1,200 

Law " " 14,000 

Theological Library " 3,000 

Society Libraries of the Students . . , " 12,000 



Total, about 87,400 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 153 

WILLIAMS COLLEGE. 

At Williamstown, Mass.— Established, 1793. 

Trustees. — Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. D., Rev. Timothy Mather Coo- 
ley, D. D., Hon. Charles Augustus Dewey, LL. D., Daniel Noble 
Dewey, Esq., Rev. Emerson Davis, D- D., Hon. William Porter, Rev. 
Horatio Brinsmade, D. D., Henry Lyman Sabin, M. D., Charles 
Stoddard, Esq., Rev. Thomas Robbins, D. D., Hon. George N. Briggs, 
LL. D., Rev. John Todd, D. D , Rev. Absalom Peters, D. D., Henry 
W. Bishop, Esq., Rev. Adam Reid, Joseph White, Esq., Hon. Brad- 
ford R. Wood, Daniel Noble Dewey, Esq., Secretary and Treasurer. 

Faculty. 

Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. D., President, and Professor of Moral and 
Intellectual Philosophy. 

Ebenezer Emmons, M. A., M. D., Professor of Natural History. 

Albert Hopkins, M. A., Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astron- 
omy. 

Rev. Joseph Alden, D. D., Professor of Rhetoric, Political Economy, 
and American History. 

Edward Lasell, M. A., Professor of Chemistry. 

Rev. Nathaniel H. Griffin, M. A., Lawrence Professor of Languages. 

John Tatlock, M. A., Professor of Mathematics, and Librarian. 

Charles J. Collins, M. A., Tutor. 

Terms of Admission. 

Candidates for admission to the Freshman Class are examined in 
Geography, Yulgar Arithmetic, and Algebra through Simple Equa- 
tions ; in English, Latin, and Greek Grammar ; including Prosody 
in Virgil and Cicero's Select Orations ; in Csesar's Commentaries, 
or Sallust ; and in the Greek Testament, and in Jacob's, Colton's, or 
Felton's Greek Reader. 

For admission to an advanced standing, an examination must also 
be sustained in the studies to which the class have attended since 
admission. 

The stated time for admission is on the day preceding Commence- 
ment ; but persons may be examined in any other part of the College 
Terms. 

Testimonials of good moral character are in all cases required, 
and a probation of six months before students are matriculated, 
during which time they are subject to all the laws and regulations of 
College. 

Many who apply for admission are imperfectly prepared in the 
English Studies, particularly in Arithmetic and Geography. As these 
studies are not pursued in College, it is necessary that the prepara- 
tion in them should be full and thorough. 
14 



154 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Vacations. 



The first, from Commencement, four weeks. 

The second, from the second Wednesday in December, six weeks. 

The third, from the first Wednesday in May, three weeks. 

Commencement is on the third Wednesday in August. 

Students are required to be present the whole of the term-time, 
unless excused by the President. The loss of even a few days, espe- 
cially at the beginning of a term, is exceedingly undesirable. 

Expenses. 

Tuition, $10 a Term, $30 00 $30 00 

Room-rent, library charges, ordinary repairs, &c. 9 00 11 00 

Board, from $1,25 to $2 per week, 51 00 78 00 

Washing, 5 00 5 00 

Fuel, 5 00 10 00 

Total, $100 00 $134 00 

The amount of incidental expenses will depend very much on the 
habits of the student, and the liberality of his allowance. It is ear- 
nestly recommended to parents and guardians, not to authorize their 
sons and wards to obtain credits here, and not to pay debts contracted 
without their authority. 

No back tuition is required ; but those who enter on an advanced 
standing, unless they come from another college, pay the following 
sums, as entrance-money, namely, Sophomores, $10 ; Juniors, $15 ; 
Seniors, $20. 

The income of the Charity Funds, amounting to about eight hun- 
dred dollars per annum, is distributed among indigent young men of 
merit, to aid them in the payment of their bills. This pays about two- 
thirds of the tuition of those who apply. No application for this aid 
will be considered, while the applicant is in arrears for the other 
charges besides tuition, in more than one term-bill. 



Classes of 1850-51. 

Seniors, 40 

Juniors, 54 

Sophomores, 43 

Freshmen, 42 

Total, 179 

Whole number of alumni, 1,714. Number of volumes in the College 
Library is 5,723. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 155 



AMHERST COLLEGE. 

Established, 1821; Amherst, Massachusetts. 

Corporation. — Rev. Edward Hitchcock, D. D., LL. D., President ; 
Rev. Joseph Vaill, of Somers, Connecticut ; Rev. Alfred Ely, D. D., 
of Monson ; Hon. William B. Calhoun, of Springfield ; Rev. John 
Fiske, D. D., of New Braintree ; Rev. Theophilus Packard, D. D., 
of S. Deerfield ; John Tappan, Esq., of Boston ; Hon. David Mack, 
of Amherst , Hon. Alfred D. Foster, of Worcester ; Hon. George 
Grennell, of Greenfield ; Rev. Jacob Ide, D. D., of Medway ; Ebene- 
zer Alden, M. D., of Randolph ; Hon. Samuel Williston, of East 
Hampton ; Hon. Linus Child, of Lowell ; Henry Edwards, Esq., of 
New York ; Prof. Bela B. Edwards, D. D., of Andover ; Hon. Jona- 
than C. Perkins. Lucius Boltwood, Esq., Secretary. Hon. Edward 
Dickinson, Treasurer. 

Overseers of the Fund. — Rev. Thos. Snell, D. D., of North Brook- 
field ; Rev. Samuel Osgood, D. D. of Springfield ; William Hyde, 
Esq., of Ware ; Rev. Cyrus Mann, of Plymouth ; Dea. Andrew W. 
Porter, of Monson ; Hon. Ithamar Conkey, of Amherst ; Hon. Josiah 
B. Woods, of Enfield. Lucius Boltwood, Esq., Commissioner. 

Faculty. 

Rev. Edward Hitchcock, D. D., LL. D., President, and Professor of 
Natural Theology, and of Geology. 

Rev. Aaron Warner, A. M., Williston Professor of Rhetoric and 
Oratory, and of English Literature. 

Ebenezer S. Snell, A. M., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Phi- 
losophy, and Librarian. 

Charles U. Shepard, M. D., Massachusetts Professor of Chemistry 
and Natural History. 

William S. Tyler, A. M., Graves Professor of the Greek Language 
and Literature. 

Charles B. Adams, A. M., Professor of Astronomy and Zoology, and 
Curator of the Cabinet. 

Rev. Joseph Haven, Jr., A. M., Professor of Intellectual Philosophy. 

Geo. B. Jewett, A. M., Moore Professor of the Latin Language and 
Literature. 

Albert Tolman, A. M., Tutor. 

Wm. Howland, A. M., Tutor. 

Luther H. Edwards, A. B., Tutor. 

Dr. Wimmer, Teacher of Modern Languages. . 

Terms of Admission. 

Candidates for admission to the Freshman Class are examined in 
the Grammar of the Latin and Greek languages, Virgil, Cicero's Se- 



156 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

lect Orations, Sallust, or Caesar's Commentaries, Writing of Latin, the 
Greek of the Four Gospels, Jacob's Greek Reader, or an equivalent, 
English Grammar, Arithmetic, and Algebra through Simple Equations. 

Candidates for a higher standing are examined in the same, and 
also in the part of the Course of Study in College gone over by the 
Class to which they may desire admission. 

The stated times for examination are the Wednesday preceding 
Commencement, and the first day of the following Term. But candi- 
dates may be examined and admitted at other times in the year, 
excepting that no admission to the Senior Class is allowed later than 
the beginning of the Second Term. 

Previously to examination, the candidate must exhibit satisfactory 
testimonials, that he sustains a good moral character. If he has been 
a member of any other College, he will be expected to present a cer- 
tificate of regular dismission. 

No one can be admitted to the Freshman Class, until he has com- 
pleted his fourteenth year ; and no one to an advanced standing, 
without a corresponding increase of age. 

Public Performances. 

1. Exhibitions, in the Second and Third Terms. 

2. Declamation on Tuesday evening preceding Commencement. 

3. Commencement on the second Thursday of August (Aug. 14, 
1851). 

On the day preceding Commencement, several public Orations or 
Addresses are usually delivered before Societies connected with the 
College, by gentlemen invited from abroad. 

Vacations. 

1. Four weeks from Commencement. (From Aug. 14 to Sept. 11, 
1851.) 

2. Six weeks from the Wednesday preceding the annual State 
Thanksgiving. (Probably from Nov. 26, 1851 to Jan. 7, 1852.) 

S. Three weeks from the third Wednesday of April. From April 
16 to May 7.) 

Such students as are obliged by their circumstances to teach school 
in winter, are allowed to be absent for the purpose. 

Expenses. 

The following are the principal necessary expenses, exclusive of 
vacations : — 

Tuition, $10 per Term, $30 00 $30 00 

Room-rent, $2 per Term, 6 00 6 00 

Recitation-rooms, and ordinary incidentals, $2 per 

Term, 6 00 6 00 

Amount carried forward, $42 00 $42 00 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 157 

Amount brought forward, $42 00 $42 00 

Fuel and lights, from $9 to $11 9 00 11 00 

Board, lowest price in companies, 75 cents per 

week ; highest price in families, $2 per week ; 

making per year of thirty-nine weeks, 29 25 78 00 

Total, . . $80 25 $131 00 

Good board in families at $1,50 per week. 

The expenses for room-rent, fuel, and lights, are estimated on the 
supposition that two students occupy one room. 

A small charge additional to the regular tuition is requisite the 
third term of the Sophomore year, for the instruction in German ; 
and one of the terms of Junior or Senior year, for the Lectures on 
Anatomy. 

In case of admission to an advanced standing, a fee of five dollars 
per term, which is one half of the regular charge for tuition, will be 
required ; unless such standing shall have been obtained in another 
college. 

Payments. 

The amount of the first term-bill must be paid by each student 
on his admission. Each subsequent term-bill becomes due at the 
close of the term for which it is assessed. A bond, with satisfactory 
surety for the payment of all the college bills, must be given by each 
student to the Treasurer, at the commencement of the term when 
he enters. 

Libraries and Cabinet. 

The Libraries of the College and the Literary Societies, contain 
about 15,000 volumes. The College Library is accessible to all the 
students, and the charge to each is according to the use he may make 
of the books. The Libraries belonging to the two Literary Societies 
are accessible to the members of the Societies, according to regula- 
tions established by themselves. 

The Society of Inquiry has a small Museum. 

The Cabinet, part of which is owned by the College, and a part 
deposited by its officers, occupies several rooms, and is arranged and 
labelled for study. 

In Mineralogy, nearly all the known species are represented by 
about 4,600 specimens. 

In Geology, there are 9,300 specimens of American, and 4,900 
specimens of Foreign, rocks and fossils. 

In Zoology, there are about 1,800 specimens of 350 species of ver- 
tebrated animals, 6,000 species of shells, 5,000 species of articulated 
animals, and 200 species of radiated animals. 
14* 



158 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Classes of 1850-51. 

Seniors, .... .... .... 41 

Juniors, .... .... .... 52 

Sophomores, .... .... .... 49 

Freshmen, .... .... .... 40 



182 



Whole number of alumni, . . . . 956 
Deceased (to 1847), 69 

887 



COLLEGE OF THE HOLY CROSS. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Intended exclusively for Catholics. 

" This College is located on the northern slope of Pakachoag HilU 
about a mile south of the village, on a farm of sixty acres." 

Rev. J. Early, D. D., President ; Rev. George Fenwick, Prefect of 
Studies. 

Professor of Theology and Philosophy, P. Barengo. 

Professors. — Rev. Peter Blenkinsop, Rev. Samuel Lilly, Rev. 
James Tehan, Rev. Robert Brady, Rev. P. Creighton, Rev. J. 
Force, J. Foran, Rev. B. Reed, Rev. Robert Boone, Rev. Joseph 
Callahan. 

Professor of Mathematics, Rev. Kenneth A. Kennedy. 

Terms. 

The annual pension is $150 for tuition, board and lodging, wash- 
ing, and mending linen and stockings. All charges must be paid 
half-yearly in advance. 

The Vacation commences in the last week of July, and continues 
till the 15th of September, exclusively. 



THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY. 



Andover, Mass.— Founded 1707. 



Rev. Justin Edwards, D. D., President of the Board of Trustees ; 
Samuel H. Taylor, M. A., Clerk ; Daniel Noyes, Treasurer. 

Faculty. 

Rev. Leonard Woods, Emeritus Professor of Christian Theology. 
Rev. Moses Stuart, Emeritus Professor of Sacred Literature. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 159 

Rev. Ralph Emerson, Brown Professor of Ecclesiastical History, 

and Lecturer on Pastoral Theology. 
Rev. Bela B. Edwards, Associate Professor of Sacred Theology. 
Rev. Edwards A. Park, Abbot Professor of Christian Theology. 
Rev. Austin Phelps, Bartlet Professor of Sacred Rhetoric. 
Edward Robie, Assistant Teacher of Hebrew. 
Mr. William Russell, Teacher of Elocution, in the Summer Term. 
Edward Robie, M. A., Librarian. 



Terms of Admission, Expenses, fyc. 

The Anniversary is on the first Wednesday in September. 

There are two vacations, annually ; the first, of seven weeks' du- 
ration from the Anniversary ; the second, of five weeks, immedi- 
ately preceding the last Wednesday in May. 

The regular time for admission is the first week in theAcademical 
Year, which commences seven weeks from the Anniversary. 

The Institution is equally open to Protestants of every denomi- 
nation. 

The students board in private families, and pay from $1,50 to $2 
a week for their board. To those whose pecuniary necessities re- 
quire it, about half the average price of board has been allowed from 
the charity-funds of the Seminary. Whether this allowance shall be 
larger or smaller hereafter, will depend chiefly on the number who 
may apply for aid. 

No charge is made for instruction ; and none to regular students 
for rooms or furniture in the public buildings, except $3 a year for 
the care of the rooms and beds, and for keeping the buildings and 
furniture in repair. If a student room alone, in Bartlet Hall, he is 
charged double this sum. 

Each student pays $3 a year for the use of the Library, and $5 a 
year for the care, warming, and lighting of the Lecture-rooms and 
the Chapel, for ringing the bell, and for other incidental expenses. 
Taxes for Society purposes are regulated by the students, and are 
entirely voluntary. 

Resident licentiates, and others not belonging to the Seminary, 
pay forty cents a week for a room in the public buildings, and $3 a 
year for the use of the Library. 

The average expense for fuel, lights, and washing, is about $16 a 
year. 

Library. 

The Library of the Seminary amounts to 16,000 volumes. 

The Library of the Porter Rhetorical Society amounts to 2,600 
volumes of select works ; and that of the Society of Inquiry respect- 
ing Missions, to 1,400. Total, 20,000 volumes. 



160 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

PHILLIPS ACADEMY. 

Andover, Mass. — Incorporated 1780. 

Rev. Daniel Dana, D. D., President of Board of Trustees ; Samuel 
H. Taylor, M. A., Clerk ; Daniel Noyes, Treasurer. 

Instructors. 

Samuel H. Taylor, M. A., Principal. 
James S. Eaton, Teacher in the English Department. 
Granville Wardwell, B. A., Teacher of Latin and Greek. 
Moses C. Welch, B. A., Teacher of Latin and Greek. 
Lucius Barrows, B. A., Associate Teacher in the English Depart- 
ment. 
William Russell, M. A., Teacher of Elocution. 

Terms, Sfc. 

There are three Academic Terms during the year, namely : The 
first, commencing four weeks after the first Wednesday of August. 
The second, three weeks after the Wednesday before the annual 
Thanksgiving of Massachusetts. The third, three weeks after the last 
Wednesday of March. The vacation commencing at the close of 
the Summer Term is four weeks ; the other vacations are three weeks 
each. 

A fee of $5 is required of each student upon his entrance into the 
Classical Department. 

Tuition for each Term is $6, which is remitted to indigent students. 

Tuition in the English Department is at the rate of 40 cents per 
week for the common branches, and 50 cents for the higher. In this 
department, no entrance-fee is required, and' tuition is not remitted. 
No deduction will be made for occasional absence. 

Tuition in the Preparatory Department is 33 cents per week. 

The expense of board in private families varies from $2,50 to $3 
per week. 

The board in Commons is charged at its net expense, and varies 
with the price of provisions. It is usually not more than $1,25 to $1,37 
per week. 

NEWTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 

Founded, 1825. 

Rev. Daniel Sharp, D. D., President of the Board of Trustees ; Mr. 
Caleb Parker, Secretary ; Mr. Gardner Colby, Treasurer. 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 161 



Faculty. 



Rev. Henry J. Ripley, Professor of Sacred Rhetoric and Pastoral 
Duties. 

Rev. Horatio B. Hackett, Professor of Biblical Literature and Inter- 
pretation. 

Rev. Robert E. Patterson, Professor of Christian Theology and Eccle- 
siastical History. 

Rev. Alvah Hovey, Assistant Instructor in Hebrew, and Librarian. 

Expenses. 

The expense of boarding at the Institution does not exceed $1,75 
per week, payable in advance. Washing is at the rate of 37 1-2 cents 
per dozen. For fuel and light, the sum of $7 or $8 is sufficient. A 
reasonable charge is made for fuel used in the lecture-rooms, and for 
other necessary public expenses. No charge is made for tuition, 
room-rent, and furniture, or use of the Library. 

The Library, at present, contains over 6,000 volumes. 

Anniversary and Vacations. 

The Anniversary occurs on the last Wednesday in August. There 
are two vacations in the year, one of five weeks, commencing on the 
day of the Anniversary ; the other commencing the 2d Wednesday 
in April, and terminating on the last Wednesday in May. 



WILLISTON SEMINARY. 

Eawthampton, Mass. 

Trustees. — Hon. Samuel Williston, President ; Rev. William Be- 
ment, Secretary ; Dea. John P. Williston ; Hon. William Bowdoin ; 
Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. D. ; Prof. William S. Tyler ; Joel Hayden, 
Esq. ; Rev. Solomon Lyman ; Rev. Sumner G. Clapp ; Rev. George 
E. Day; Josiah Clark, M. A. ; E. L. Snow, Treasurer. 

Teachers. — Josiah Clark, M. A., Principal, Teacher of Latin and 
Greek ; Eli A. Hubbard, M. A., Associate Principal, Teacher of 
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; William S. Clark, B. A., 
Teacher of Chemistry and Natural History ; John L. T. Phillips, 
B. A., Assistant in the Classical Department ; Horace Taylor, B. A., 
Assistant in the English Department ; Miss Harriet R. Williston, 
Preceptress ; Mons. Louis Tribus, Teacher of French ; E. S. Hoadley, 
Teacher of Vocal and Instrumental Music ; A. L. Strong, Teacher 
of Penmanship. 



162 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Terms and Vacations. 

There are three Terms in a year. The First, or Fall Term, begins 
on the last Wednesday in August, and continues twelve weeks. The 
Winter Term begins on the first Wednesday in December, and con- 
tinues sixteen weeks. At the close of which there is a vacation of two 
weeks, when the Summer Term begins on the second Wednesday in 
April, and continues sixteen weeks. 

Students are received for half a Term, but no new Classes are 
formed after the school is once organized. 

Expenses. 

Tuition in the Classical Department, and the studies of the Middle 
and Senior years in the English Department, is at the rate of $21,00 
per annum. For the English studies of the Junior year, at the rate 
of $15,00 per annum. Tuition for the French and German Lan- 
guages $5,00 per quarter. 

The tuition for each Term is to be paid strictly in advance. 

No incidental charges. 

Board for those students who room in the Seminary Buildings can 
be obtained at $1,17 to $1,67 per week ; also in private families, 
board, including washing, fuel, lights, &c. at $1,75 to $2,25. They 
can also associate in clubs, and procure board at a low rate. 

For the use of the rooms and furniture in the Seminary Buildings, 
each occupant will be charged from $6,25 to $7,12 per year. 



THE PERKINS INSTITUTION, 

AND MASSACHUSETTS ASYLUM FOR THE BLIND. 

Instituted, 1831.— Located at South Boston. 

Depository and Office, No. 22 Bromjield Street. 
Richard Fletcher, President ; Edward Brooks, Vice-President ; 
T. B. Wales, Jr., Treasurer; Samuel G. Howe, M. D., Director and 
Secretary. 



COMMON SCHOOLS. 



The following statistics are taken from the Abstract of the School 
Returns for 1849-50 : — 
Number of towns in the Commonwealth, which have made 

Returns, 315 

Population of the State, according to the Census of 1850, 973,715 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 163 

Valuation, $590,531,881 

Number of Public Schools, 3,878 

Number of Scholars of all ages in all the Schools : — 

In Summer, ------- 176,374 

In Winter, 194,403 

Average attendance in all the Schools : — 

In Summer, ------- 128,815 

In Winter, 149,609 

Number of persons under 5 years of age who attend School, 17,782 
Number over 15 years of age who attend School, - - 18,208 

Number of persons between 5 and 15 years in the Counties, 193,232 
Number of Teachers, including Summer and Winter Terms : — 

Males, ... 2,442 

Females, - 5,985 

Average, length of the Schools, 7 months 12 days. 

Average wages p'd per month, including value of board, Males, $34.89 

Average wages paid per month, including value of board, 

Females, - $14.42 

Amount of money raised by taxes for the support of Schools, 

including only the wages of Teachers, board and fuel, $864,667.85 
Amount of board and fuel, if any, contributed for Public 

Schools, - - - $34,704.31 

Number of Incorporated Academies, - - - - 67 

Average number of Scholars, 3,717 

Aggregate paid for Tuition, - $57,444.30 

Number of unincorporated Academies, Private Schools, and 

Schools kept to prolong Common Schools - 845 

Average number of Scholars, ------ 19,534 

Aggregate paid for Tuition, $261,241.92 

Income of Surplus Revenue, appropriated to Schools, that 

may be so appropriated or not, . - - - - $8,714.67 



BOARD OF EDUCATION. 

Established by Act of Legislature, April 20, 1837. 

The Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, ex officiis. 
Heman Humphrey, D. D., of Pittsfield ; Rev. Henry B. Hooker, of 
Falmouth ; Thomas Kinnicutt, of Worcester ; John A. Bolles, of Bos- 
ton ; Emerson Davis, D. D., of Westfield ; George B. Emerson, of 
Boston ; Mark Hopkins, D. D., of Williamstown ; Rev. Edward Othe- 
man, of Chelsea. 

Barnas Sears, D. D., Secretary. 
J. T. Steyenson, Treasurer. 



164 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOLS. 

Established by Law, 1838. 

State Normal Schools are Seminaries for the preparation of 
Teachers. There are, at present, three in this Commonwealth ; one 
at West Newton, Middlesex County ; one at Bridgewater, Plymouth 
County ; and one at Westfield, Hampden County. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT "WEST NEWTON. 

Conditions of Entrance. 

1. The applicant must be at least sixteen years old. 

2. She must make an explicit declaration of her intention to oecome 
a Teacher. 

3. She must produce a certificate of good physical, intellectual, 
and moral character, from some responsible person. 

4. She must pass a satisfactory examination in the common 
branches, namely : Reading, spelling, and defining, arithmetic, 
grammar, writing, and geography. 

5. She must give a pledge to remain in the School at least four 
consecutive terms; and to observe, faithfully, all the regulations of the 
Institution, as long as she is a member of it. 

6. All candidates for admission, must be at the Schoolroom on 
the morning of the day which precedes that on which the term com- 
mences, at half-past eight o'clock. None will be admitted after the 
first day of the term. 

7. Each pupil, at entrance, must be supplied with slate and pen- 
cil, blank book, Bible, Worcester's Comprehensive Dictionary, and 
Morse's Geography. Many of the other books used will be furnished 
from the Library of the School. 

Studies. 

" The course of study in each of the State Normal Schools begins 
with a review of the studies pursued in the Common Schools, namely : 
Reading, writing, orthography, English grammar, mental and written 
arithmetic, geography, and physiology. 

" The attention of pupils is directed, 1st, to a thorough review of 
elementary studies ; 2d, to those branches of knowledge which may 
be considered as an expansion of the above-named elementary 
studies, or collateral to them ; to the art of teaching, and its 
modes. 

" The advanced studies are equally proportioned, according to the 
following distribution, into three departments, namely : 1. The mathe- 
matical, including algebra through quadratic equations ; geometry, 
to an amount equal to three books in Euclid ; book-keeping, and 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 165 

surveying. 2. The philosophical, including natural philosophy, 
astronomy,' moral and intellectual philosophy, natural history, partic- 
ularly that of our own country, and so much of chemistry as relates 
to the atmosphere, the waters, and the growth of plants and animals. 
3. The literary, including the critical study of the English language, 
both in its structure and history, with an outline of the history of 
English literature ; the history of the United States, with such a 
survey of general history as may be a suitable preparative for it ; 
and historical geography, ancient and mediaeval, so far as is neces- 
sary to understand general history, from the earliest time to the 
period of the French Revolution. 

" ' The art of teaching and its modes,' includes instruction as to 
the philosophy of teaching and discipline, as drawn from the nature 
and condition of the juvenile mind ; the history of the progress of 
,the art, and the application of it to our system of education ; and 
as much exercise in teaching under constant supervision, towards 
the close of the course, as the circumstances and interests of the 
Model Schools may allow." 

Members of the higher classes in this Institution give teaching 
exercises before the whole school, several each week. Members of 
the senior class spend three weeks, each, in the public grammar 
school of District No. 7, which is connected with the Institution as 
its Model department. 

Pupils who have had experience in teaching, and are otherwise 
qualified for it, will be allowed to enter existing classes. 

Pupils who may desire to study the Latin and French languages, 
and to prepare themselves to instruct in those branches usually 
taught in High Schools, can have an opportunity to do so, by giving 
a pledge to remain in the school for a term of three years, — provided 
the number is sufficient to warrant the forming of a class. 

Tuition. 

For those who reside in the State, and purpose to teach in the 
public schools of the State, tuition is free ; for all others, it is $10 
per term, payable at entrance. At the beginning of each term, 
each pupil pays to the Principal, $1,50, to meet incidental ex- 
penses. , 

Board. 

Board may be had in good families for from $2 to $2,50 per week, 
including washing and fuel. Some of the pupils take rooms and 
board themselves at a lower rate. 

The whole annual expense is about $100. 

Terms and Vacations. 

There are three terms in the year. The winter term commences 
15 



166 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

on the 2d Wednesday in December, and continues 15 weeks. The 
summer term commences on the 2d Wednesday in April, and con- 
tinues 15 weeks. The autumn term commences on the 1st Wednes- 
day in September, and continues 12 weeks. Between the summer 
and autumn terms there is a vacation of 6 weeks ; between the other 
terms, a vacation of 2 weeks. No session is held on the week of the 
anniversaries in Boston. 

Pupils who reside in the vicinity, and whose friends request it, 
have leave to go home on Saturday morning, and stay until Monday 
morning, provided this can be done without interference with school 
duties. 

Pupils are not permitted to board at such a distance from the 
Institution, as to render it impracticable for them to be present dur- 
ing all regular exercises. 

Eben S. Stearns, Principal. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT BRIDGEWATER. 

This School was commenced September 9, 1840. It is designed 
for teachers of both sexes. Those desirous of entering the School 
must be present on the first day of the term, to undergo an exami- 
nation in reading, writing, spelling, grammar, and arithmetic. They 
must present 'a certificate of good moral character, and must declare 
an intention of remaining at the School for not less than three suc- 
cessive terms. No one will be received after the commencement of a 
term, nor, except in special cases, if he or she intends to leave dur- 
ing the term. Male pupils must be at least 17, and females at least 
16 years of age. The terms commenced last year, (1850,) on the 
3d Wednesday of March; 1st Wednesday of August; 1st Wednes- 
day after Thanksgiving. Each term, fourteen weeks. Tuition hfree 
to all who intend to become teachers (of Public Schools) in this 
State. Board, $2,00 per week. 

N. Tillinghast, Principal. 

state normal school a/t westfield. 

This is one of the three Normal Schools, established by the State 
of Massachusetts, for tbe,education of School Teachers, and is under 
the supervision of the Board of Education. It first went into ope- 
ration at Barre, Sept. 4, 1839, under the care of Prof. Samuel P. 
Newman, as Principal. It continued at Barre till November 1841, 
when, upon the death of its Principal, it was suspended till Sept. 
4, 1844. The school then recommenced at Westfield, with Rev. 
Emerson Davis, D.D., for its Principal, and remained under his care 
till September 3, 1846, when a new and beautiful Normal School 
edifice was dedicated. Since then it has been under the charge of 
its present teachers. Since its first establishment, about 450 (males 



EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSETTS. 16 7 

and females) have been members of the school, some for a single 
term, and others for two or more terms. About 130 towns in 11 
counties have been represented in the school. The object of the 
school is to qualify Teachers more thoroughly and more specifically 
for their work, than, it is believed, the circumstances of other insti- 
tutions Avill allow them to do. Lectures are given, almost daily, 
upon modes of Teaching, School Discipline, Obligations of Teachers, 
School Arrangements, &c. &c. It is intended that all the influences 
of the school shall be precisely those which are best adapted to 
qualify Teachers for their responsible station, and to give them more 
elevated views of the dignity and importance of their work. As 
may be seen, by reference to the course of study pursued, we aim 
to make Teachers more thoroughly acquainted with those exercises, 
which will chiefly claim their attention in the Common School ; and, 
after this has been in a good degree accomplished, they can advance 
to higher branches. The exercises of the school are exclusively 
English. 

Conditions of Entrance. 

Applicants for admission to the school, if males, must be at least 
17 years of age, and 16 at least, if females. None can be admitted 
for less than two full terms, which must be successive terms, except 
in case of those, who wish to be absent, in the mean time, for the 
purpose of teaching. There must be an explicit declaration that 
the applicant intends to become a Teacher. A certificate of good 
moral and intellectual character must be presented to the Principal. 
All are required to sustain an examination, satisfactory to the Prin- 
cipal, in reading, spelling, writing, arithmetic, geography, and gram- 
mar, previous to entering the school. Candidates must be present 
the first week of the session, unless their absence is beyond their 
control. Those qualified as above" required, if they belong to the 
State, and intend to teach in the State, are admitted free of tuition. 
Teachers from other States, who join the school, and those who be- 
long to the State, but design to teach elsewhere, will be charged 
$6,00 a term, tuition, including the use of books. It is required that 
applicants be present on the first day of the terms, and none are 
allowed to leave before the close of the term, except for extraordi- 
nary reasons. 

Terms. 

The school year is divided into three equal terms, of 14 weeks 
each, commencing as follows : — 

The Spring and Summer Term, the 1st Wednesday in April. 

The Fall Term, the 3d Wednesday in August. 

The Winter Term, the 1st Wednesday in December. 



168 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Vacations. 

The Fall Vacation continues two weeks, commencing with 
Thanksgiving week ; the Spring Vacation continues three weeks ; 
and the Summer Vacation, five weeks. 

Board. 

Board can be obtained in private families, for about $1,75 to $2 
per week, the greater part of the year. In the winter, something 
additional is charged for fuel and lights. [Board includes washing 
and rooms.] 

David S. Rowe, Principal. 



EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS. 

American Institute of Instruction. 

Gideon F. Thayer, Boston, President; John Batchelder, Lynn, 
Recording Secretary ; William D. Ticknor, Boston, Treasurer ; 
Charles Brooks and George Allen, Jr., Boston, Corresponding Sec- 
retaries. 

Massachusetts State Teachers* Association. 

Thomas Sherwin, Boston, President; Josiah A. Stearns, Boston, 
Treasurer ; Charles C. Capen, Dedham, Secretary ; Elbridge Smith, 
Cambridge, Corresponding Secretary. 

Dukes County Teachers' Association. 

L. Thaxter, President ; J. Pierce, Herman Vincent, and Mathew 
Mayhew, Vice-Presidents ; Chas. G. Hatch, Secretary. 

Essex County Teachers' Association. 

Jacob Batchelder, Lynn, President ; John Batchelder, Lynn, Vice- 
President ; George A. Walton, Lawrence, Rec. Secretary ; J. B. 
Fairfield, Salem, Corresponding Secretary ; S. W. King, Lynn, 
Treasurer. 

Hampden County Teachers' Association. 

Organized in January, 1847. 

David S. Rowe, Westfield, M. A., President ; Grove H. Loomis, 
Springfield, Recording Sec. ; W. W. Mitchell, Chicopee, Correspond- 
ing Secretary ; Charles Hutchins, Springfield, Treasurer. 



EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS. 169 

American Education Society. 

Instituted 1815.— Office, No. 15 Cornhill, Boston. 

Rev. Heuian Humphrey, D. D., President; John Tappan, Vice- 
President ; thirty-two Honorary Vice-Presidents, in different States ; 

Secretary; Stephen T. Farwell, Treasurer; 

Hardy Ropes, Auditor ; George W. Blagden, D. D., Edw. Beecher, 
D. D., Rev. William A. Stearns, Hon. Joel Giles, and the Secre- 
tary, Executive Committee. 

The object of this Society is to educate pious young men for the 
Gospel Ministry. It has fifteen Branch Societies in Massachusetts, 
and twelve in other States. According to the Society's Report of 
1850, the whole number of young men to whom appropriations have 
been granted during the year, is 439. 

Northern Baptist Education Society. 

Office, 59 Washington Street. 

Rev. R. H. Neale, D. D., President; Hon. Isaac Davis, Hon. 
Heman Lincoln, Vice-Presidents ; Rev. Messrs. Ebenezer Nelson, 
William Hague, Julius S. Shailer, J. W. Oimstead, Joseph Banvard, 
Nathaniel Colver, Lemuel Porter, John Jennings, Pharcellus Church, 
William Howe, Levi Tucker, Directors ; Rev. Geo. W. Bosworth, 
Recording Secretary ; Rev. T. F. Caldicott, Corresponding Secretary ; 
Charles S. Kendall, Treasurer ; C. D. Gould, S. S. Arnold, Audi- 
tors. 

" The exclusive object of this Society shall be to aid, in acquiring 
a suitable education, such indigent, pious young men, of the Baptist 
denomination, as shall give satisfactory evidence, to the churches of 
which they are members, that they are called of God to the Gospel 
Ministry." 

Boston Asylum and Farm School for Indigent Boys. 

Incorporated 1814. 

Henry B. Rogers, President ; Moses Grant, Vice-President; Geo. 
H. Kuhn, Secretary ; J. I. Bowditch, Treasurer ; Moses Grant, R. 
C. Waterston, B. A. Gould, Committee on Admission. 

" The present number of boys is eighty-five ; of whom fifteen are 
between eight and ten years of age ; thirty-one between ten and 
twelve ; thirty-four between twelve and fourteen ; three between 
fourteen and fifteen ; and one fifteen years old." — Superintendent's 
Report, 1849. 

15* 



170 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Salem Society for the Moral and Religious Instruction of the Poor. 

Formed, March 24, 1819 Incorporated, Feb. 1826. 

Stephen C. Phillips, President; D. H. Gardner, Secretary. 
Salem Seamen 's Orphan and Children's Friend Society. 

Organized, Feb. 27, 1839.— Incorporated, March, 1841. 

Object : " Rescuing from evil, and improving the condition of 
such children as are in indigent and suffering circumstances." Mrs. 
Thorndike Proctor, President ; Mary L. Cloutman, Secretary. 

Mercantile Library Association, Boston. 

Instituted, 1820. 

Wm. H. Kennard, President ; Elihu C. Baker, Vice-President ; 
C. B. Patten, Recording Secretary ; H. P. Chamberlain, Correspond- 
ing Secretary ; Lyman H. Tasker, Treasurer. Number of volumes 
composing the Library, about 7,687. Amount of funds invested, 
about $16,000. 

Mechanic Apprentices' Library Association, Boston. 

Instituted, 1820. 

Thomas G. Bailey, President ; Geo. T. Russell, Vice-President ; 
David Martin, Recording Secretary ; Herbert Gleason, Correspond- 
ing Secretary ; E. F. Gates, Treasurer, 

Brighton Lyceum. 

Joseph Breck, President ; Charles Heard, Vice-President ; Francis 
L. Winship, Secretary ; S. A. Poore, Treasurer. 

New Bedford Lyceum. 

Thomas B. White, President; Robert C. Pitman, Recording 
Secretary. 

Edgartown Lyceum. 

Charles J. Barney, President; Richard Beetle, Vice-President; 
Charles G. Hatch, Secretary. 

Worcester Lyceum. 
Isaac Davis, President ; J. F. Allen, Secretary. 

Salem Lyceum. g 
Stephen P. Webb, President ; Geo. F. Choate, Secretary. 



EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS. 171 

LoweU Institute, Lowell. 

Object : " The management of Lectures, delivered every 
autumn and winter." About 1,200 tickets are usually sold. Price, 
75 cents for gentlemen, and 50 cents for ladies. 

Joshua Merrill, President ; Milton Bonney, Secretary. 

Middlesex Mechanic Association, Lowell. 
William A. Burke, President ; George D. Lund, Secretary. 

Northbord Lyceum. 
Rev. Joseph Allen, President; Samuel Clark, Secretary. 

North Brookfield Lyceum. 

Amasa Walker, President; Alfred H. Batcheller, Recording 
Secretary ; John Hill, Corresponding Secretary. 

Yarmouth Lyceum. 
J. B. Crocker, President ; C. F. Swift, Secretary. 

Easton Lyceum. 
Thomas F. Davidson, President; L. S. Greenleaf, Sec. and Treasurer. 

Essex Lyceum, Essex. 

A. L. Burnham, President ; Norman Story, Isaac Osgood, Vice- 
Presidents ; C. Cogswell, Secretary. 

Manchester Lyceum Library. 
Larkin Woodbury, President ; Edward M. Horton, Secretary. 

Worcester County Mechanics* Association. 
Ichabod Washburn, President ; Edwin I. Howe, Secretary. 

Massachusetts Sabbath School Society. 

Depository, No. 13 Cornhill. 

Hon. Samuel Walley, President; Asa Bullard, Boston, Corre- 
sponding Secretary ; C. C. Dean, Boston, Treasurer. 

The amount of business of the Depository, according to the ac- 
count of the Treasurer, has been $21,056.90. 

The donations to the Society the past year have been $4,667.26, 
of which $2,869.96 was to aid in establishing and sustaining Sabbath 
Schools in destitute places. 



172 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Middlesex Sunday School Society. 

Organized Sept. 8, 1842. 

William Whiting, Concord, President ; Rev. John Pierpont, Med- 
ford, and Hon. Chester Hudson, Lexington, Vice-Presidents ; Rev. 
P. A. Whitney, Brighton, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Worcester Sunday School Society. 
Joseph Allen, D. D., President; Rev. Calvin Lincoln, Vice-Presi- 
dent ; Rev. E. B. Wilson, Secretary. 

New England Sabbath School Union. 
Isaac Davis, President ; Rev. James M. Sykes, Corresponding Sec- 
retary ; Charles Warren, Esq., Treasurer. 

Boston Sunday School Society. 
Stephen C. Phillips, Salem, Pres. ; Charles Brooks, Cor. Secretary : 
S. G. Simpkins, Rec. Secretary ; Lewis G. Pray, Treasurer. 

Massachusetts Universalist Sabbath School Association. 
J. M. Usher, Pres. ; C. T. Eaton, Seer. ; J. G. Adams, Treas. 



SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATIONS. 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

Incorporated, 1780. — Rooms, No. 7 1-2 Trem't Row. Library hours, 10 A. M. to 4 P.M. 

Jacob Bigelow, M. D., Boston, President ; Edward Everett, LL.D., 
Cambridge, Vice-President; A. A. Gould, M. D., Boston, Re- 
cording Secretary ; Professor Asa Gray, Corresponding Secretary ; J. 
I. Bowditch, Treasurer ; Henry I. Bowditch, M. D., Librarian. 

Boston Society of Natural History. 

Instituted, 1833. — Rooms, Mason Street. 

John C. Warren, M. D., President ; C. T. Jackson, M. D., D. H. 
Storer, M. D., Vice-Presidents ; J. Elliot Cabot, Corresponding Sec- 
retary ; S. L. Abbott, M. D., Recording Secretary ; Nathaniel B. 
Shurtleff, M. D., Treasurer; C. K. Dillaway, Librarian. 

Essex Institute, Salem. 

Incorporated, Feb. 11, 1848. 

Formed by the union of the Essex Historical Society, and the 
Essex Co. Natural History Society. Officers elected, May, 1848. 

D. A. White, President; John G. King, John Lewis Russell, John 
C. Lee, Vice-Presidents ; Henry Wheatland, Secretary and Treasurer; 
M. A. Stickney, Librarian ; Geo. A. Perkins, Cabinet Keeper. 

Boston Athenceum. 

Established, 1804.— Incorporated, 1807. 

Thomas G. Cary, President; Josiah Quincy, Jr., Treasurer; H. 
T. Parker, Secretary ; Charles Folsom, Librarian. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES. 173 

Salem Athenceum. 
S. C. Phillips, President ; Henry Wheatland, Clerk of Corporation 
and Trustees; Benjamin Barstow, Treasurer. 

This Institution, incorporated in 1810, was formed by the union of 
the Social and Philosophical Libraries. It has a valuable library of 
above 10,000 volumes. 

Stale Library. 
Trustees. — Joel Giles, Boston ; Charles Sumner, Boston ; Geo. 
Livermore, Cambridge; Barnas Sears, Librarian; Saml. C.Jackson, 
Assistant Librarian. 

Boston Library. 

Incorporated, 1794. 

William T. Andrews, Secretary ; George S. Bulfinch, Librarian. 
Bowditch Library. 

No. 8, Otis Place. 

Free to those who reside in Boston, or in the vicinity, who are 
known to the proprietors, or to those who conform to the rules of the 
Institution. 

New Bedford Social Library. 

Founded in 1803. 

Thomas B. White, Jos. F. Dearborn, John Weiss, Directors; F. 
L, Porter, Librarian, Treasurer, and Clerk. 



MUSICAL ASSOCIATIONS. 

Handel and Haydn Society, Boston. 

Organized, 1815. 

Jonas Chickering, President ; Benjamin F. Baker, Vice-President ; 
Joseph G. Oakes, Secretary ; M. S. Parker, Treasurer. 

Boston Academy of Music. 
George E. Head, President ; B. F. Edmands, Cor. Secretary. 

Boston Philharmonic Society. 
Oliver Brewster, President; George P. Read, Secretary. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES. 

Massachusetts Historical Society. 

Instituted, 1791.— Rooms, Savings' Bank Building, Tremont Street. 

James Savage, LL. D., Boston, President ; Joseph Willard, Re- 
cording Secretary ; Rev. Alexander Young, D. D., Corresponding 
Secretary ; J. B. Felt, Librarian ; Richard Frothingham, Jr., Trea- 
surer ; I. P. Davis, Cabinet-Keeper. 



174 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester. 

Incorporated, 1812. 

The American Antiquarian Society, established for the purpose of 
collecting and preserving the materials of history, more especially 
American History, was incorporated by the legislature of Massachu- 
setts, in 1812. 

Isaiah Thomas, the distinguished Printer and Publisher, and author 
of " The History of Printing in America," was the first President, 
and has been the greatest benefactor of this Institution. A brick 
edifice for the Library and Cabinet, erected at his expense, was 
completed in 1820. His private collection of books, which was a 
considerable one, became the basis of the Library. Extensive ad- 
ditions were made to the building after his death, from resources 
provided by his will ; and the principal portion of the funds of the 
Society, now amounting to more than $27,000, resulted from his 
bequests. 

The Library of the Society now exceeds 16,000 volumes. Its 
Cabinet contains many articles of curiosity and interest ; and its 
manuscripts, coins, &c, are of considerable value. Two volumes of 
Transactions, and a Catalogue of the Library, have been published ; 
and a third volume of Transactions is in preparation for the press. 

There are two meetings of the Society in the year ; one at Worces- 
ter, on the 23d day of October, the day on which Columbus discov- 
ered America ; the other in Boston, on the last Wednesday of May. 
The Council of the Society meet, on the last Wednesday of each 
month, at Antiquarian Hall, in Worcester. 

Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D. , President ; William B. Sprague, D.D., 
John Davis, LL. D., Vice-Presidents ; Hon. Jared Sparks, LL. D., 
Secretary of Foreign Correspondence ; Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas, 
Secretary of Domestic Correspondence ; Hon. Rejoice Newton, Record- 
ing Secretary ; Hon. Alfred D. Foster, Treasurer ; Samuel F. Haven, 
Librarian. 

American Oriental Society, Boston. 

Edward Robinson, D. D., President : Francis Gardner, Recording 
Secretary and Librarian ; William W. Greenough, Treasurer. 

American Statistical Association, Boston. 

Organized, Dec. 11, 1839. 

George C. Shattuck, M. D., President ; Edward Jarvis, M. D., 
Samuel Swett, Vice-Presidents ; J. B. Felt, Recording Secretary ; 
William Brigham, Home Secretary ; Jos. E. Worcester, Foreign Secre- 
tary ; Lyman Mason, Treasurer] Frederic W. Sawyer, Librarian. 



AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATIONS. 175 

New England Historic- Genealogical Society. 

Incorporated, J.845-6. — Hall, 11 1-2 Tremont Row, Boston. 

Joseph B. Felt, President ; Lucius R. Paige, Vice-President ; 
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M. D., Corresponding Secretary; Samuel Hop- 
kins Riddel, Recording Secretary ; William H. Montague, Treasurer : 
David Pulsifer, Librarian. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register is published 
quarterly, in January, April, July, and October, by Mr. Drake, 
Cornhill. 

Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society. 
Edmund P. Tileston, President ; Ebenezer Clapp, Secretary. 

Boston Phonographic Reporting Association. 

Organized, 1845. 

James W. Stone, M. D., President ; Ebenezer Smith, Vice-Presi- 
dent ; R. Leighton, Recording Secretary ; Henry M. Parkhurst, Cor- 
responding Secretary. 

Town and Country Club. 

A. Bronson Alcott, Corresponding Secretary ; Dr. James W. Stone, 
Recording Secretary : John B. Browne, Treasurer ; Robt. E. Apthorp, 
J. Elliot Cabot, James T. Fisher, Executive Committee. 



AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATIONS. 
Massachusetts Society for Promotion of Agriculture. 

Incorporated, 1792. 

John C. Gray, President ; Daniel Webster, Abbott Lawrence, Vice- 
Presidents ; Benjamin Guild, Recording Secretary; Josiah Quincy, 
Jr., Corresponding Secretary ; Henry Codman, Treasurer. 

J. C. Warren, M. D., F. C. Lowell, David Sears, William P. 
Mason, Thomas Motley, Trustees. 

Bristol County Agricultural Society. 

Officers, 134^-9. 

Johnson Gardner, President : J. H. W. Page, 1st Vice-President : 
N.B.Borden, 2d Vice-President : S. A. Dean, Secretary. 

East Hampton Agricultural Society. 

Incorporated, 1849. 

Alfred Baker, President : J. W. Boyden, Secretary. 



176 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Essex Agricultural Society. 

Incorporated, 1818. 

John W. Proctor, Danvers, President : Allen W. Dodge, Hamilton, 
Secretary : William Sutton, Salem, Treasurer. 

Franklin County Agricultural Society. 

Incorporated, 1850. 

Henry W. Clapp, Greenfield, President: Henry W. Cushman,Ber- 
nardston, and four others, Vice-Presidents : Wendell T. Davis, Green- 
field, Secretary : A. G. Hammond, Treasurer. 

Norfolk Agricultural Society. 

M. P. Wilder, President : Edward L. Keyes, Recording Secretary : 
Edgar K. Whitaker, Corresponding Sec'y : Enos Foord, Treasurer. 

Plymouth County Agricultural Society. 

Seth Sprague, President : Joshua Eddy, Benjamin Hobart, Vice- 
Presidents : Jesse Perkins, Secretary : Artemas Hale, Treasurer. 

Agricultural Society, Westboro'. 

Geo. Denny, President : J. B. Fisher, A. J. Burnap, Vice-Presi- 
dents : Daniel F. Newton, Secretary : Baxter Forbes, Treasurer. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Rooms, School Street. 

Samuel Walker, President : Benj. V. French, Cheever Newhall, 
E. N. Richards, J. S. Cabot, Vice-Presidents : Eben Wight, Corre- 
sponding Secretary : Daniel Leach, Recording Secretary : William B,. 
Austin, Treasurer. 

New Bedford Horticultural Society. 

James Arnold, President ; Henry H. Crapo, Joseph Grinnell, Wm. 
P. Jenney, John Howland, Vice-Presidents ; Wm. H. Hussey, Record- 
ing Secretary : Wm. C. Coffin, Treasurer. 

The Worcester County Horticultural Society. 

Incorporated in 1842. 

Measures are in progress to secure the erection of a Hall for its 
Exhibitions, towards which Hon. Daniel Waldo left $3,000. 
Isaac Davis, President : Geo. Jaques, Recording Secretary. 

There are several other Agricultural and Horticultural Asso- 
ciations in the Commonwealth ; and we shall be happy to receive 
accounts of their organization and doings, for insertion. 



MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS. 177 



MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS, 



Massachusetts Medical Society. 

Incorporated, Nov. 1781.— Annual Meeting held in Boston, last Wednesday in May. 

John Ware, M. D., Boston, President; Andrew Mackie, M. D., 
New Bedford, Vice-President; C. G. Putnam, M. D., Boston, Cor- 
responding Secretary ; Henry I. Bowditch, M. D., Boston, Recording 
Secretary; A. A. Gould, M. D., Boston, Treasurer; Abraham A. 
Watson, M. D., Boston, Librarian. 



First Medical District, and for Society at Large. — G. W. Otis, Jr., 
J. B. S. Jackson, Samuel Morrill, Alexander Thomas, John Flint. 

Second District. — Benjamin T. Hey wood, B. Pond, Wm. Work- 
man, J. Sargent, J. G. Metcalf. 

Third District. — David Bemis, James Deane, J. D. Brooks, D. 
Thompson, E. G. Ufford. 

Fourth District.— $. S. Babbitt, H. H. Childs, C. Guiteau, A. G. 
Welch, K Worthington. 

Fifth District.—?. F. Doggett, John Perkins, J. S. Mayhew, H. 
Willard, E. Colby. 

Sixth District. — George Atwood, E. W. Carpenter, A. Cornish, T. 
P. Jackson, J. Leonard. 

J. Jeffries, C. E. Ware, S. Parkman, Committee on Publications. 

Meetings of the Censors. — Society at Large, and First District in 
Boston, for examination of candidates, on Thursday next preceding 
the Annual Meeting of the Society, and on the last Wednesday of 
January and July. Second District, in Worcester, on the Wednes- 
day after the 3d Monday in June. Third District, in Northampton, 
on Wednesday after 3d Tuesday in September. Fourth District, in 
Pittsfield, on the day before Commencement of the Medical Institution 
of that place. 

There are the following District Societies, viz : Barnstable, Berk- 
shire, Essex North, Essex South, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, 
Southern, and Worcester. 

Suffolk District Medical Society. 

Annual Meeting, 1st Wednesday in April. 

John Jeffries, M. D., President ; Samuel Cabot, Jr., M. D., Vice- 
President : Zabdiel B. Adams, M. D., Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M. D., 
Supervisors : E. W. Blake, M. D., Secretary : Charles Gordon, M. 
D., Treasurer: William E. Coale, M. D., Librarian. The Society's 
Hall is in the MasOnic Temple. 
16 



178 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Boston Society for Medical Improvement. 

Annual Meeting held on the 2d Monday in January. Regular 
meetings, 2d and 4th Monday of each month. 

Chairman, (chosen at each meeting,) Jacob Bigelow, M. D. ; 
John Ware, M. D., A. A. Gould, M. D., D. Humphreys Storer, 
M. D., Prudential Committee. John B. S. Jackson, M. D. ; Nathaniel 
B. Shurtleff, M. D., Curatory of the Cabinet: Wm. W. Morland, M. 
D., Secretary and Treasurer : Samuel L. Abbott, M. D. , Librarian. 

Boyhton Medical Society. 

Wm. H. Thorndike, M. D., President : John Le Bosquet, Secre- 
tary : E. Leigh, Librarian. 

Boston Female Medical School. 

[At the foot of the Common, corner of Boylston and Pleasant Streets— House recently 
occupied by Dr. Winslow Lewis.] 

This school has now been in operation two years. It is conducted 
by the Female Medical Education Society, incorporated by 
the Legislature, April, 1850, with all the powers necessary to estab- 
lish a thorough Female Medical School ; and, in connection with it, 
a Maternity Hospital, to afford the pupils practice in the department 
of Midwifery. 

Timothy Gilbert, President : Timothy Gilbert, Willard Sears, Sam- 
uel E. Sewall, Dexter S. King, Simon G. Shipley, Directors : Samuel 
Gregory, Secretary : John P. Jewett, Treasurer. Office of Secretary 
and Treasurer at No, 17 Cornhill, (Bookstore of John P. Jewett 
&Co.) 

COPT OF THE ACT OF INCORPORATION. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In the year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty. 

Apt Act to Incorporate the Female Medical Education Society. 
Beit enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assem- 
bled, and by the authority of the same, as follows : — 
Section 1. Timothy Gilbert, William I. Bowditch, and Samuel 
Gregory, their associates and successors, are hereby made a Corpo- 
ration, by the name of the Female Medical Education Society, for 
the purpose of providing for the education of midwives, nurses, and 
female physicians, with all the powers and privileges, and subject to 
all the duties, restrictions, and liabilities set forth in the forty-fourth 
and thirty-eighth chapters of the Revised Statutes. 

Section 2. Said Corporation may hold, for the purpose afore- 
said, real estate, not exceeding Fifty Thousand Dollars, and personal 
estate not exceeding Fifty Thousand Dollars, 
House of Representatives, April 29, 1850. 

Passed to be enacted. Ensign H. Kellogg, Speaker. 
In Senate, April 30, 1850. 

Passed to be enacted. Marshall P. Wilder, President. 

April 30, 1850, Approved. Geo. N. Briggs. 



HOSPITALS. 179 



Terms, 



The fifth term of Lectures on Midwifery was commenced No- 
vember 6, 1850, and will continue twelve weeks. Tuition, $25, 
payable in advance. Address or apply to the Secretary of the 
Society, Samuel Gregory, 1 7 Cornhill. 

There will hereafter be two terms annually, viz : twelve weeks 
from the first Wednesday in April, and twelve from the first Wed- 
nesday in November. Board can be had in the city for $2 a week. 

The Lecturer is Enoch C. Rolfe, M. D., a medical gentleman of 
thorough education, of approved standing in the profession, and of 
good practical knowledge of the subject. 

The pupils can be young or older persons. Middle-aged women, 
widows, and others, of intelligence, who may be somewhat familiar 
with these duties, can, in two terms, acquire such a knowledge as to 
enable them to practice successfully in this single department. 
Younger women should attend longer. On account of the increas- 
ing preference for female attendants, this presents to women, of good 
natural abilities, and suitable acquirements, a useful, honorable, and 
remunerating vocation. 



HOSPITALS. 



Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. 

Incorporated, 1811. 

William Appleton, President : Robert Hooper, Vice-President : 
Marcus Morton, Jr., Secretary : Henry Andrews, Treasurer. 

Officers of the Hospital. 

Richard Girdler, Superintendent : Jacob Bigelow, M. D., D. Hum- 
phreys Storer, M. D., J. B. S. Jackson, M. I)., H. I. Bowditch, M. D., 
Geo. C. Shattuck, Jr., O. W. Holmes, M. D., Visiting Physicians : J. 
C. Warren, M. D., George Hay ward, M. D., S. D. Townsend, M. D., 
H. J. Bigelow, M. D., S. Parkman, M. D., J. M. Warren, M. D.. 
Visiting Surgeons : Samuel L. Abbott, M. D., Admitting Physician : 
Calvin Ellis, Waldo J. Burnett, House Physicians : Daniel D. Slade, 
M. D., William H. Thorndike, M. D., Charles G. Adams, House 
Surgeons : John E. Hathaway, Apothecary. 

Boston Lying-in Hospital. 

instituted, 1832 — 718 Washington Street. 

James Savage, President : Thomas B. Wales, Vice-President : Geo. 
Hay ward, M. D., C. Lowell, D. D., F. Parkman, D. D., J. F. Flagg, 



180 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

M. D., John Homans, M. D., Charles Amory, William T. Andrews, 
J. W. Warren, Jr., M. D., Francis Boyd, Trustees : Francis Boyd, 
Secretary: Henderson Inches, Treasurer: Horace Dupee, M. D., 
L. Parks, Jr., M. D., Attending Physicians : Mrs. Mira Rice, Matron. 
Meetings of the Trustees every month at the Hospital. 

United States Marine Hospital, Chelsea. 

For relief of sick and disabled seamen, except the insane, or those 
having incurable diseases. Wm. Ingalls, Jr., Physician : J. Bacon, 
Steward. 

Lowell Hospital Association. 

" The charges are $4.00 per week for men, and $3.00 for women. 
If the patients are. able to pay, they are to pay the Superintendent ; 
if not able, the Corporations from which they go are responsible, 
and the patients are then responsible to the Corporations." 

State Lunatic Hospital, Worcester. 

The State Lunatic Hospital, at Worcester, was founded by the 
State. It was first opened for patients, January, 1833. It is sus- 
tained from board of patients at $2.33 per week. There have been 
on an average for the past year 420 patients. They are committed 
there by order of the Judges of Probate, by the Municipal Court 
of Suffolk County, and when the Institution is not full, by Overseers 
of the Poor, and by the friends on bond. The present accommoda- 
tions were intended for 375 patients and their attendants. 

Trustees. — Stephen C. Phillips of Salem ; William Appleton, of 
Boston ; Levi Lincoln, of Worcester ; Ensign H. Kellogg, of Pitts- 
field ; J. S. C. Knowlton, of Worcester. Treasurer^ Samuel Jenni- 
son, (Office in the Savings Bank at Worcester ;) Chaplain, Rev. 
George Allen, (Room No. 75 Summer Street, Worcester ;) Resident 
Officers, George Chandler, M. D., Superintendent : John R. Lee, M. 
D., Merrick Bemis, M. D., Assistant Physicians : Thomas Hill, Stew- 
ard : Miss Elizabeth A. Reid, Matron : John T. Mirick, Male Super- 
visor : Mrs. Phebe S. Mirick, Female Supervisor : Edward A. Smith, 
Clerk and Apothecary. 

McLean Asylum, Somerville. 

Luther V. Bell, M. D., LL. J). , Physician and Superintendent : 
Columbus Tyler, Steward : Chauncey Booth, Jr., M. D., Assistant 
Physician: Mrs. Mary E. Tyler, Matron: Homer Goodhue, Super- 
visor of Male Department : Miss R. R. Barber, Supervisor of Female 
Department. 

The McLean Asylum for the Insane, is situated in Somerville. 
It is a department of the Massachusetts General Hospital, the branch 
of which, for the treatment of Medical and Surgical diseases, is in 
Boston. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



181 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS.* 
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 



Abbe, Alanson 
Abbot, S. L. 
Adams, Edwin 
Adams, Zabdiel B. 
Ainsworth, F. S. 
Alexander, A. 
Alley, J. B. 
Andrews, Aaron 
Appleton, Benj. B. 
Ayer, James 
Bacon, John 
Ball, S. 

Barnard, Cnas. F. 
Bartlett, George 
Bethune, George A. 
Bigelow, G. F. 
Bigelow, Henry J. 
Bigelow, Jacob 
Blake, E. W. 
Bowditch, Henry I. 
Bradford, Williams 
Brewer, Thomas M. 
Briggs, W. A. 
Bronson, C. P. 
Brown, Buekminster 
Brown, D. 
Brown, John B. 
Bryant, Henry 
Buck, Epnraim 
Buckingham, C. E. 
Bumstead, S. E. D. 
Burnett, Waldo I. 
Cabot, Samuel^ Jr. 
Calef, J. S. 
Calkins, Chas. W. 
Capen, Robert 
Channing, Walter 
Channmg, W. F. 
Chase, H. L. 
Chickering, Jesse 



Clark, Henry G. 
Clark, F. B. 
Clark, Luther 
Clarke, Edward H. 
Cleavland, C. D. 
Coale, Wm. Edward 
Codman, W. W. 
Coffin, W. S. 
Coit, Daniel T. 
Coles, L. B. 
Cooper, Wm. H. 
Cornell, W. M, 
Cox, A. D. 
Crane, P. M. 
Cross, John B. 
Dale, W. J. 
Davenport^ E. J. 
Davis, Robert T. 
Derby, George 
Dix, John H. 
Dixon, Robert 
Douglas, P. G. 
Downes, Nathaniel 
Drew, E. C. 
Dudley, A. S. 
Dupee, Horace, Jr. 
Durkee, Silas 
Dyer, Henry 
Dyer, I. F. 
Ellis, Calvm 
Ellis, Thomas 
Fisher, Francis W. 
Flagg, J. F. 
Flint, John 
Fishcher, Charles 
Fitzpatrick, F. 
Folts, D. V. 
Frank, A. 
Gay, Geo. H. 
Germaine, T. H. 



Geist, C. F. 
Gilman, B. F. 
Glover, Lewis J. 
Gordon, Charles 
Gordon, F. A. 
Gould, A. A. 
Gray, F. H. 
Greene, Moses C. 
Gregerson, James B. 
Gregg, S. 
Greer, Robert 
Hager, Joseph 
Hammatt, Geo. A. 
Hancock, W. E. 
Hanaford, Wm. G. 
Hanson, M. P. 
Harlow, J. F. 
Hartnett, M. K. 
Harwood, D. 
Hawes, William 
Hayden, John C. 
Hay ward, George 
Hayward, Geo. I., Jr. 
Heaton, George 
Henderson, G. 
Hewett, S. C 
Heywood, C. F. 
Hill, Kimball 
Hinckley, J. W. 
Hinckley, Rufus L. 
Hobbs, Alvah 
Hoffendahl, €has. F. 
Holbrook, C. G. 
Holmes, O. W. 
Homans, John 
Hooper, R. W. 
Howe, Samuel G. 
Howard, Nathaniel 
Hubbard, George 
Hyndman, James 

* Most of the Physicians in this List are members of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, or of some other similar Association. 
16* 



182 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Inches, H. B. 
Ingalls, William 
Ingalls, Wm., Jr. 
Jackson, C. T. 
Jackson, James 
Jackson, J. B. S. 
Jackson, Thomas P. 
Jeffries, John 
Jones, George S. 
Jones, J. S. 
Keep, N. C. 
Kelley, J. C. 
Kennedy, T. J. W. 
Kittredge, E. A. 
Kneeland, Samuel, Jr. 
Lane, Jonas H. 
Lane, J. F. W. 
Lawrence, W. R. 
Lee, Henry S. 
Lewis, Winslow, Jr. 
Lodge, G. H. 
Lord, Wm. E. 
Lyman, George H. 
Ludwig, Warren 
Malcolm, Alex. B. 
Marston, Ephraim 
Martin, Henry J. 
McGowan, Dennis 
McGowan, J. J. 
McLellan, F. M. 
Merrill, Levi 
Merrill & Folts 
Mifflin, Chas. 
Mignault, L. M. 
Miles, Mason M. 
Minot, F. 
Molloy, P. E. 
Moore, E. B. 
Moore, M. A. 
Morland, W. W. 
Morrill, Samuel 
Newell, R. W. 
Odin; John, Jr. 
O'Donneil, C. B. 
Oliver, F. E. 
Osgood, David 
Otis, G.W., Jr. 



Paige, A. 
Palmer, E. G. D. 
Palmer, Ezra, Jr. 
Palmer, J. K. 
Parcher, Sewell F. 
Parker, D. M. 
Parker, Thomas I. 
Parker, W. T. 
Parkman, Samuel 
Parks, Luther, Jr. 
Peabody, N. 
Perry, M. S. 
Phelps, Abner 
Phelps, Charles A. 
Phipps, James M. 
Pitt, William 
Pratt, J. 
Prescott, B. T. 
Putnam, Charles G. 
Randall, B. P. F. 
Read, Wm. 
Reedy, M. O. K. 
Rees, Robert C. 
Renton, Peter 
Reynolds, Edw., Jr. 
Richardson, A. P. 
Richardson, S. O. 
Runell, George 
Russell, Le Baron 
Salter, Richard H. 
Sharkey, James M. 
Shattuck, G. C. 
Shattuck, G. C, Jr. 
Shurtleff, Nathaniel B 
Skinner, R. B. 
Small, Eben. 
Small, J. 
Smilie, E. R. 
Smith, J. V. C. 
Smith, T. H. 
Snow, A. 
Snow, Asa B. 
Southard, Alba 
Spence, John, Jr. 
Stacy, H. 
Stedman, C. H. 
Stevens, Calvin 



Stevens, Ebenezer 
Stevens, John A. 
Stevens, J. E. 
Stevens, N. C. 
Stone, J. W. 
Stone, H. O. 
Storer, D. H. 
Strong, Woodbridge 
Sumner, F. A. 
Tafts, A. C. 
Tarbell, J. A. 
Taylor, G. 
Thayer, David 
Thayer, W. H. 
Thomson, G. N. 
Thorndike,W.H.,jE:.£. 
Thurston, Horace 
Tobie, I. W. 
Tower, George 
Townsend, Solo. D. 
Townsend, W. E. 
Trafton, C. T. 
Trull, Samuel 
Tucker, E. G. 
Tucker, Joshua 
Upham, Jabez B. 
Ward, Henry A. 
Ward, John M. 
Ware, Charles E. 
Ware, F. D. 
Ware, J. 
Warren, John C. 
Warren, J. M. 
Warren, J. W., Jr. 
Watson, A. A. 
Weld, M. W. 
Wesselhoeft, Wm. 
Weymouth, A. L. 
Wheeler, Wm. G. 
Whipple, S. S. 
Whitney, W. J. 
Willard, F. A. 
Williams, H. W. 
Williams, J. L. 
York, J. H. 

Chelsea. 
Baker, Geo. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



183 



Chase, Charles 
Forsyth, J, B. 
Ingalls, Wm., Jr. 



Loring, G. B. 
Otis, Geo. W., Jr. 
Toomey, John 



| Wheeler, Wm. G. 

North Chelsea. 

j Poole, Alexander. 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 



Ford, Oliver 
Jenkins, Freeman 
McCollum, H. H. 
Pineo, P. 
Gould, S. H. 
Carpenter, E. W. 
Clifford, D. P. 
Jones, Frederick 
Lord, W. E. 
Gooch, Wm. B. 
Swift, Alfred 
Phillips, John 
Cornish, Aaron 
Greene, Wm. N. 
Rogers, Moses 
Dodge, Franklin 
Pratt, G. J. 



Barnstable. 



Brewster. 
Chatham. 



Dennis, N. 
Dennis, S. 

Eastham. 
Falmouth. 



Harwich. 



Doane, G. W. 
Seabury, Benj. F. 
Wilson, T. 
Lathrop, John L. 
Paine, Step. A. . 
Stone, Jeremiah 
Whitney, Isaiah 
Bachelder, John 
Harpur, John 
Leonard, Jona. 
McCullum, H. E. 
Wakefield, A. J. 
Knight, N. J. 
Mitchell, Jacob 
Stone, Thos. N. 
Shove, George 



Hyannis. 
Orleans. 

Provincetown. 



Sandwich. 



Truro. 
Wellfleet. 

Yarmouth Pt. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 



Babbitt, Snell 


Adams. 


Kittredge, B. T. 


Hinsdale. 


Barker, John L. 




Smith, Justin 


, . 


Babbitt, N. S. 


Adams, North. 


Guiteau, C. 


Lee. 


Hawkes, E. S. 


, . 


•Ebell, Chas. F. 


. . 


Phillips, H. P. 




Judson, Dr. 




Taylor, Thomas 




Way, Dr. 




Tyler, Wm. H. 




Welsh, A. G. 




Bell, Wm. 0. 


Becket. 


Griswold, R. R. 


Lanesboro'. 


Freeland, C. J. 


, , 


Norton, H. J. 


. , 


Leach, Dr. 




Sabin, Millen 


Lenox. 


Ferre, Henry 


Dalton. 


Worthington, R. 




Chapman, H. D. 


Egremont. 


Turner, A. H. 


Monterey. 


Van Duesen, Dr. 




Perkins, J. P. 


Marlboro', N 


Church, Allen 


Gt. Barrington 


Rising, Julius A. 


, . 


Hollinbeck, E. R 




Beard, William 


Otis. 


McAllister, Chas 




Champlin, H. C. 




McAllister, Geo. 




Spelman, H. R. 


. . 


Parks, W. H. 




Kittredge, John 


Peru. 


Pickett, N. B. 




Bailey, Charles 


Pittsfield. 



184 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Brewster, J. M. Pittsfield. 

Brewster, O. E. 

Cady, F. A. 

Childs, Henry H. 

Childs, Timothy 

Clough, Willard, Jr. . . 

Coleman, Lyman 

Pierce, Enoch 

Eoot, O. S. 

Root, Oliver 

Van Vleek, R. P. 

Williams, Avery 

Wilson, N.J. 

Selden, Jennings Richmond. 

Balch, Ebenezer Sandisfield. 

Parsons, Sam. C. 

Weston, Nathan Savoy. 

Kellogg, Silas R. Sheffield. 



Peck, Oliver 
Sherman, T. B. 
Scovil, John 
Adams, Lucius S. 
White, V. 
Leavitt, Dudley 
Dewey, Luke 
Leavitt, Nathaniel 
Newman, John 
Fowler, J. C. 
Foster, Geo. T. 
Bulkley, J. W. 
Duncan , S. (Dentist) 
Smedley, James 
Sabin, Henry L. 
Smith, Samuel 
Smith, Andrew M. 



Sheffield. 

Stockbridge. 
Stockb'ge,W. 



Tyringham. 

Windsor. 

Williamstown 



BRISTOL COUNTY. 



Carpenter, Seba 


Attleboro*. 


Home, J. 


Fall River. 


Fuller, Lemuel 




Hooper, Foster 




Savery, Phineas 




Wilbur, Thomas 


. . 


Hatch, J. H. 


Attleboro', N. 


Willard, Henry 




Phelps, Thaddeus 


Attleboro', S. 


Bump, Thomas 


Freetown. 


Martin, John C. 


. . 


Brayley, Bradford 




Hathaway, S. 


Berkley. 


Nichols, T. G. 




Bartlett, F. D. 


Dartmouth. 


Williams, Seth P. 


. . 


Mason, Wm. B. 




Perry, W. F. 


Mansfield. * 


Sampson, Ira 


Dighton. 


Bartlett, Lyman 


New Bedford 


Talbot, Charles 




Colby, Elijah 






Wood, Alfred 




Fleming, L. D. 






Deans, Samuel 


Eastoh. 


Folsom, Levi 






Randall, Z. 


, . 


Gordon, Wm. A. 






Swan, Caleb 


. . 


Greene, E. W. 






Swan, James C. 


. . 


Hardy, Benj. F. 






Wales, Eph., Jr. 




Holmes, A. H. 






Miller, Jeremiah 


Fairhaven. 


Jennings, John H. 






Payson, William 




Mackie, Andrew 






Sawyer, Samuel 




Mayhew, J. S. 






Archer, Jas. H. 


Fall River. 


Roche, M. B. 






Ball, Josiah 


. . 


Spoon er, Paul 






Bonney, Wm. P. 




Tompkins, Silas 






Crary, Wm. H. A. 


. . 


Whittredge, W. C. 






Glazier, Amory 




Barrows, Ira 


Nort< 


)n. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



185 



Rounds, B. M. 
Carpenter, ~B. 
Carpenter, D. 
Hayward, Elisha 
Bullock, Samuel 
Carpenter, Royal 
Randall, M. R. 
Chace, John B. 
Brown, A. Z. 
"Wellington, J. L. 
Aspinwall, T. W. 
Hutchins, Theo. 



Norton. 
Pawtucket. 

Raynham. 
Rehoboth. 



Somerset. 
Swansey. 

Seekonk. 



1 Gardner, Johnson Seekonk. 
Barrows, J. Taunton. 

Baylies, Alfred 
Dawes, Ebenezer 
Dean, J. B. 
Gordon, William 
Hubbard, H. B. 
Leonard, George 
Handy James H. Westport. 
Sisson, Benj. B. 
White, Geo. F. S. 



Lucas, Ivory H. 
Pierce, John 
Shiverick, C. F. 



DUKES COUNTY. 
Edgrartown 



Gale, Levi B. Tisbury. 

Andrews, Thos. Jr. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Atkinson, Benj. Amesbury. 


Osgood, Joseph Danvers. 


Balch, Israel 


Shed, J. (retired) 


Goodwin, Benj. 


Lamson, Josiah Essex. 


Sparhawk, Thos. 


Couch, G. M. Georgetown 


Tilton, James A. 


Cogswell, William 


Clarke, Francis Andover. 


Mighill, David 


Howarth, James . . 


Moody, George 


Johnson, Samuel 


Bacon, Amasa D. Gloucester. 


Kimball, W. H. 


•Barber, Joseph S. 


Kittredge, J. 


Davidson, H. E. 


Ward well, Daniel 


Garland, Joseph 


Boyden, W. C. Beverly. 


Reynolds, Joseph 


Kittridge, Ing., Jr. 


Smith, D. D. 


Torrey, Augustus 


Smith, Isaac P. 


Sawyer, Geo. W. Boxford. 


Cressy, Oliver S. Hamilton. 


Cogswell, George Bradford. 


Dow, D. A. 


Spofford, Jerem. 


Dinsmore, J. B. Haverhill. 


Root, Martin Byfield. 


Flint, Kendall 


Grosvenor,D. A. Jr.Danvers . 


Kenison, Timothy 


Hunt, Ebenezer 


Longley, Rufus 


Lord, S. A. ' 


Wadleigh, J. B. 


Nichols, Andrew 


Ames, J. N. Ipswich. 


Osborn, George 


Brown, Chas. H. 


Osgood, George 


Bomer, Joseph E. 



186 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Manning, Thomas, 


Ipswich. 


Merrill, John 


Newbury. 


Wildes, A. H. 




Root, Martin 




Allen, E. B. 


Lawrence. 


Atkinson, John 


Newburyport. 


Atkinson, L. M. 




Cross, Enoch 




Clark, E. 






Johnson, J. G. 




Cox, A. D. 






Kelley, E. G. 




Curtis, J. S. 






Perkins, H. C. 




Dana, David, Jr. 






Sawyer, J. 


. . 


Harris, Jerome 






Spofford, R. S. 




Kelley, G. 






Gott, Lemuel 


Rockport. 


Lamb, W. D. 






Haskell, Benj. 




Morse, E. W. 






Manning, John 




Morse, J. H. 






Herbert, Richard 


Rowley. 


Murch, Charles 






Proctor, Charles 




Ordway, Aaron 






Choate,Geo. C. S. 


Salem. 


Parant, J. F. 






Choate, George 




Sargent, S. 






Colby, Isaac 




Sanborn, G. W. 






Cox, Benjamin, Jr. 


Swift, George B. 






Cummins, J. M. 




Tewksbury, Isaac 






Farnum, Jos. Jr. 




Gumer, W. J. 


Lynn 




Holyoke,Edw. A. 


.*. 


Kittredge, E. A. 




Johnson, Samuel 




Johnson, Wm. 0. 




Mack, William 


, . 


Newhall, Asa T. 




Peirson, Abel L. 




Nye, James N. 


. 5 


Peirson, E. B. 




Perley, Daniel 




Perkins, Geo. A. 




Prescott, William 




Prince, Wm. H. 




Read, William 




Quimby, E. 




Story, Asa 


Manchester. 


Treadwell, J. G. 


. . 


Story, A. B. 




Wheatland, Henry 


Blaisdell, Clark 


Marblehead. 


Williams, William 


Briggs, James C. 




Dearborn, Cyrus 


Salisbury. 


Briggs, Calvin 




Gale, Josiah B. 




Flagg, Chandler 




Gile, Daniel 


Saugus. 


Gile, Daniel 




Gould, Abr., Jr. 




French, A. J. 


Methueh; 


French, C. P. 


Topsfield. 


Gale, S. M. 


, . 


Merriam, R. A. 




Huse, Stephen 




Jones, Nathaniel 


Wenham. 


Phelps, Eben. S. 


Middieton. 


Appleton, John 


W. Newbury. 


Grosvenor, E. P. 


New! 


jury. 


Robinson, Dean 





Brooks, Sydney 
Brooks, John 
Carpenter, E. W. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



Ashfield. 
Bernardstoh. 



Trow, N. G. 
Bates, Stephen 
Hawks, David B. 



Buckland. 

Charlemont. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



187 



Potter, M. F. 
Dean, Christopher 
Dean, Calhoun, J. 
Puffer, C. 
Collins, Henry 
Hamilton, E. D. 
Hamilton, G. W. 
Dwight, William 
Williams, Dr. — 
White, Hiram B. 
Lyons, Joel 
Deane, James 
Revere, E. H. R. 
Seymour, L. D. 
Stearns, S. 
Stone, A. F. 
Smith, Moses 
Taylor, A. H. 
Haynes, Edwin 
Rice, David 
Bradford, David 
Wright, George 
Andrews, Robert 



Charlemont. 
Coleraine. 



Conway. 



Deerfield. 

Erving. 

Gill. 

Greenfield. 



Hawley. 

Heath. 

Leyden. 

Leverett. 

Montague. 

New Salem. 



Crowley, A. J. New Salem. 

Noyes, B. 

Thomas, Chester 

Hall, Philip Northfield. 

Holland, Henry E. 

Mead, Marshall S. 

Barton, Edward Orange. 

Dean, A. S. 

Lee, George H. 

Gould, H. Rowe. 

Reed, S. 

Duncan, C. M. Shelburne. 

Tabor, S. J. W. 

Wilson, Milo 

Smith, N. W. Shutesbury. 

White, Albert 

Beals, D. S. Sunderland. 

Trow, Josiah 

Taylor, Amos Warwick. 

Cook, Lucius Wendell. 

Bardwell,Chester, 2d,Whately. 

Harwood, Myron 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 



Knight, Ebenezer Brimfield. 

Lincoln, Asa 

Miller, Wm. B. Blandford. 

Webb, S. P. 

Wright, Silas P. 

De Wolf, T. K. Chester. 

Bemis, David Chicopee. 

Denison, G. N. 

Holcombe, Vincent, Granville. 

Holcombe, C. C. 

Holcombe, H. V. C. 

Starkweather, Dr. 

Dean, David B. Holland. 

Hooker, George Longmeadow. 

Strickland, R. 

Alden,Wash'ton B. Ludlow. 

Smith, H.M.T. 

Cady, Henry Monson. 

McKinstry, O. 

Smith, Alvan 



Bartholomew, H. Montgomery. 

Davis, Amasa Palmer. 

King, Aaron 

Shearer, Marcus M. 

Humphreys, L. W. Southwick. 

Rockwell, J. W. 

Bassett, J. J. Springfield. 

Bridgman, William 

Bridgman, John B. 

Ellis, Benjamin H. 

Fitch, W. L. 

Gray, James H. 

Jones, Bela B. 

Seymour, George . . . 

Stewart, Thomas H. 

Smith, James M. 

Vaille, Henry R. 

Wilbur, John R. 

Smith, John Wales. 

Stewart, CM. 



188 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Abbot, Jehiel Westfield. 

Chapman, Carlos (Bot.) . . 

Holland, James 

Holland, H. 

Robbinson, M. L. 

Shurtleff, S. 

Wright, L. 

Bell, Cyrus W.Springfield. Cady, M. 

Champion, Reuben . . Rice, J. W. 



Chapman, Solomon,W. Springfield. 
McCray, Edwin \ 

Stickney, P. L. B. 
Long, Lawson, (Irel.) . 



Pierce, E. G. 
Whitwell, B. 



Wilbraham . 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



Brewster, J. M. Amherst. 

Fish, Seth 

Gridley, T. J. 

Smith, B. F. 

Stratton, Chester. 

Allen, L. S. Belchertown. 

Thompson, Horatio 

Perry, D. O. Chesterfield. 

Starkweather, Rodney . . 

Bemis, N. O. Cummington. 

Gardner, Benjamin 

Joy, Royal 

Chapman, Solomon Easthampton 

Clark, Atherton 

Smith, N. A. Enfield. 

Winslow, Joseph 

Pierce, Daniel Goshen. 

Munroe,A.LeBaron Granby. 

Chamberlain, Levi Greenwich. 

Bell, Reuben Hadley. 

Bonney, Franklin 

Brooks, S. D. 



Goodman, Otis 
Lester, Wm. 
Ufford, E. G. 
Knight, — 
Stacy, Philemon 



Hadley, S. 



Hatfield. 



I "Warren, Joseph Middlefield. 
! Cummings, J. A. Northampton. 
jDenniston, Edw. E. 
i Dexter, Geo. T. 

Hall, C. A. 
| Peck, G. D. 
J Thompson, Daniel 
| Thompson, James . . 

Underwood, P. (Bot.) . . 
| Walker, Chas. (Horn.) . . 
| Wilder, A. H. 
I Brooks, S. D. Norwich. 

| Taylor, I. H. Pelham. 

: Shaw, Samuel Plainfield. 

! Bell, Artemas Southampton. 

j Gridley, J. A. 
j Goodrich, Horace Ware. 
| Miner, D. W. 

Richardson, E. C. 
! Yale, John . . 

| Hooker, William Westhampton. 
| Orcutt, Hervey 

| Hillman,Roswell S. Williamsburg. 
! Meekins, Thomas 
; Shaw, Washington . . 
j Brown, T. H. Worthington. 

! Lyman, William 



Cowdrey, H. 
Miles, J. M. 
Green, R. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Acton. 



West Acton. 



French, Leonard Ashby. 
Harris, Jonas C. Ashland. 
Adams, Abel B. Bedford. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



189 



Coggswell, F. Bedford. 

Parker, Daniel 

Howe, Zadok Billerica. 

Mason, Augustus 

Braman, Isaac G. Brighton. 

Whittemore, J. M. 

Chase, Hiram L. Cambridge. 

Harlow, E. A. 

Harlow, J. F. 

Plympton, Sylvanus 

Thomas, Alexander 

Wyinan, Morrill . . • 

Wyman, Jeffries 

Allen, Charles H. Cambridgeport. 

Chaplin, Chas. F. 

Chaplin, D. 

Wellington, W. W. 

Clark, Moses Cambridge, E. 

Hooker, Anson 

Howe, Estes 

Holmes,Howland Cambridge, W. 

Underwood, Jos., Jr. 

Wellington, T. 

Woodman, Geo. S. 

Marsh, Austin Carlisle. 

Bellows, Albert J. Charlestown. 

Bemis, J. W. 

Brown, E. E. 

Cutler, George 

Hartwell, John 

Hayes, Jacob 

Hurd, J. S. 

Lyon, Henry 

Morse, J. H. 

Seabury, Benjamin 

Thompson, Abrm. R. . . 

Whiting, Augustus 

Bartlett, J. C. Chelmsford. 

Edwards, N. B. 

Howard, Levi 

Barrett,HenryA. Concord. 

Bartlett, Josiah 

Dillingham, Dr. — - 

Sawyer, Benj. E. 

Bradley, Wm. H. Dracut. 

Hildreth, Israel 

Simpson, Benj. F. 

17 



York, S. D. Dracut. 

Spaulding, Miles Dunstable. 

Cowles, Henry Framingham. 

Hoyt, En os 

Osgood, J. W. 

Whitney, Simon 

Bancroft, Amos B. Groton. 

Davis, Kendall, 

Farnsworth, A., Jr. 

Green, Joshua 

Smith, Norman 

Stearns, George 

Wilder, A. H. 

Burnap, S. G. Holliston. 

Heard, John 

Lake, Hiram 

Martin, George P. 

Pratt, Jefferson Hopkinton. 

Scammell, Lucius L. 

Currier, Wm. J. Lexington. 

Nelson, John 

Spaulding, Stillman 

Chapin, H. C. Lincoln. 

Elliott, J. G. Littleton. 

Allen, Nathan Lowell. 

Bartlett, B. D. 

Burnham, Walter 

Burnham, Z. P. 

Campbell, P. P. 

Dalton, J. C. 

Davis, Chas. A. 

Dickey, H. 

Graves, John W. 

Green, John O. 

Hill, W. R. 

Holt, Daniel 

Huntington, Elisha 

Jewett, J. P. 

Kidder, Moses 

Kidder, Walter 

Kimball, Gilman 

Leach, J. T. G. 

Mowe, Daniel 

Morse, L. B. 

Parker, Hiram 

Perham, Otis 

Pilsbury, John D. 



190 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Pilsbury, Harlan Lowell. 

Savory, C. A. 

Scribner, Isaac W. 

Shapleigh, E. H. 

Simpson, B. F. 

Spaulding, Joel 

Wells, David 

West, Jos. O. 

French, Nathan Maiden. 

Gould, Daniel 

Sullivan, J. S. 

Parker, Moses Maiden, N. 

Baldwin, Dexter Marlboro'. 

Barnes, Edward F. 

Davis, B. H. 

Heard, John 

Bemis, Chas. V. Medford. 

Blanchard, A. D. 

Fuller, Milton 

Swan, Daniel 

Train, H. D. 

Hoyt, John Natick. 

Hall, AdinoB. 

Townsend, Geo. J. 

Dearborn, A. D. Newton, U.F. 

Hobbins, J. 

Mitchell, E. K. Newton, W. 

Warren, Edward 

Cutter, Nehemiah Pepperell. 

Davis, K. 

Walton, John 

Grosvenor, D. A. Reading. 

Grosvenor, L. H. 

Grosvenor, J. F. 

Sanborn, Joseph C. 

Spaulding, S. H. 

Wakefield, H. P. 

Hanson,M.P.fi)er?^ > )Read., S. 

Mansfield, Jos. D. 



Poland, Joseph 
Richardson, Solon O 
Willis, Win. H. 
Everett, Oliver 
Dow, Darius A. 
Hills, Eben. P. 
Bartlett, J. E. 
Bell, L. V. 
Booth, Chauncey, Jr 
Leigh, Edwin 
Putnam, Charles I. 
Stevens, Wm. F. 
Chandler, Herman 
Proctor, C. A. 
Goodenough, Levi 
Johnson, Othello 0. 
Gerry, H. A. 
Stickney, A, G. 
Pierce, Aug. F. 
Brown, Wm. H. 
Adams, Horatio 
Kittredge, Theo. 
Russell, George 
Warren, R. S. 
Hosmer, Hiram 
Richardson, Samuel 
Ames, Ebenezer 
Otis, E. Hunt 
Drinkwater, Sidney 
Osgood, Benjamin 
Brewer, Jonathan 
Gould, L. 
Youngman, David 
Cutter, Benjamin 
Drew, S. Watson 
Piper, R. U. 
Plympton, Augustus 
Rickard, Truman 
Scales, T. F. 



Reading, S. 



Sherb urne 
Shir I ty. 

Somerville. 



Stoneham. 
Stow. 

Sudbury. 

Townsend. 

Tyngsboro'. 

Waltham. 

Water to wa. 

Wayland. 

Weston, 

Westford, 

Wilmington 

Winchester. 
Woburn. 



NANTUCKET COUNTY. 

Fearing, Elisha P. Nantucket | Mackie, John H. 
King, John D. | Winslow, Chas. F. 



Nantucket. 



PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



191 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 



Nelson, George 


Bellingham. 


Cadwell, Dr. — 


Braintree. 


Richards, Jacob 




Torrey, Noah 




Wild, Jonathan 




Dexter, Wm. P. 


Brookline. 


Wild, Charles 




Wild, Edward A. 




Abbott, E. 


Canton. 


Taft, C. S. 




Downes, Nath. 


Cohasset. 


Foster, F. 




Pratt, E. 




Howe, F. F. 


Dedham. 


Fogg, D. S. 




Stimpson, J. 


' 


Whitney, S. S. 


.. 


Wight, D. P. 




Cushing, Benj. 


Dorchester. 


Davis, Wm. A. 




Jarvis, Edward 


. . 


Miller, Erastus D 


• • 


Spooner, John P. 




Thaxter, Robert 




Foster, Jas. W. 


Foxboro'. j 


Mann, Benjamin 




Atwood, S. 


Franklin. 


Stanley, S. A. 


• • 


Dickerman, L. 


Medfield. 


Galloup, J. S. 




Brown, Artemas 


Med way. 


Knight, Wm. 




Salisbury, S. 




Holmes, C. C. 


Milton. 


Palmer, Simeon 




Ware, Jonathan 




Jones, R. K. 


Needham. 


Noyes, Josiah 




Bugbee, Wm. B. 


Quincy. 


Stetson, James A. 





Woodward, Eben. Quincy. 

Alden, Eben. Randolph 

Allen, E. A. 

Howard, Frederic 

Wales, Bradford L. 

Wales, Ephraim 

Wood, T. E. Randolph, E. 

Bartlett, Henry Roxbury. 

Cotting, Benj. E. 

Cummings, A. J. 

Dexter, Wm. P. 

Draper, A. W. 

Dwight, John 

Faulkner, Geo. 

Flint, John S. 

Foster, G. F. 

Harris, L. M. 

Martin, Henry A. 

Nichols, P. L. 

Robbins, Peter G. 

Streeter, Joseph H. 

Train, Horace D. 

Wales, T. B. 

Weld, Minot G. 

Winship, Charles M. 

Tirrell, N. Q. Sharon. 

Tucker, Simeon Stoughton. 

Wyman, C. F. 

Walker, Jos. B. Stoughton, E. 

Stone, Ebenezer Walpole. 

Fifield, Noah Weymouth. 

Perry, Ira . . East. 

Warren, Lewis . . " 

Gibbens, D. L.,Jr. . . North. 

Howe, Appleton . . South. 

Torrey, D. H. . . « 

Clapp, H. E. Wrentham. 

Comstock, Wm. W. 

Larkin, Lyman B. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 



Chase, A. P. Abington. 
Garatt, Alfred C. 
King, Chas. A 



Thaxter, E. 
Underwood, J. M. 



Abington. 



Alden, Samuel Bridgewater. 



192 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Pratt, Calvin B. 
Millet, Asa 
Orr, Hector 
Orr, Samuel A. 
Borden, A. K. 
Kingman, A. W. 
Perry, Nathan 
Whitman, Noah 
Bumpus, Chas. 
Porter, John 
Wilde, James 
Forbes, Jos. B. 
Barker, Bowen 
Morton, Cyrus, 
Fiske, R. T. P. 
Stevenson, Ezra 
Gordon, Wm. 
Hall, A. B. 
Nichols, P. L. 
Blanchard, H. 
Paine, Isaac 
Drake, E. W. 
King, George 
McLellan, F. 



Bridgewater. 


Perkins, John 


Middleboro* 


Bridgewater, E. 


Robinson, M. 
Snow, Geo. W. 
Sturtevant, Geo. 


•• 


Bridgewater, N. 


Collamore, F. 


Pembroke. 




Gordon, T. 


Plymouth. 




Hubbard, Benj. 




Bridgewater, W. 


Jackson, Alex. 




Carver. 


Merritt, S. 




Duxbury. 


Warren, Winslow 




Hammond, J. S. 


Plympton. 


Hanover. 


Ellis, W. N. 


Rochester. 


Hanson. 


Haskell, Joseph 




Halifax. 


Southworth, N. 


. . 


Hingham. 


Sparrow, Wm. 






James, Elisha 


Scituate. 


Kingston. 


Thomas, F. 






Underwood, J. N. 




Foster, F. 


Scituate, S. 


Marshfield. 


Stetson, A. E. 






Doggett, P. F. 


Wareham. 


Middleboro'. 


Mackie, Peter 
Shaw, Samuel 





WORCESTER COUNTY. 



Cutler, W. H. 
Miller, Alfred 
Pierce, Nath. 
Austin, H. B. 
Colony, G. D. 
Hoyt, George 
Williams, Wm. H. 
Green, Daniel 
Stone, Andrew 
Bates, J. N. 
Russell, Wm. L. 
Wilbur, H. B. 
Hartshorn, E. 
Kimball, Wm. M. 
Potter, Allen, Jr. 
South wick. M. D. 
Wilder, Abel 
Parker, Amos 
Thompson, J. L. S. 



Ashburnham. 


Vincent, Ch. H. 


Bolton. 




Andrews, John 


Boylston. 




Lovell, Ephraim 


Boylston, W. 


Athol. 


Warren, G. W. 






Myrick, Lawson 


Brookfield. 




Porter, Jos., Jr. 


. . North. 




Lamb, D. 


Charlton. 


Auburn. 


Porter, Isaac 






Gale, Geo. F. 


Dana. 


Barre. 


Linzie, Daniel 
Marsh, L. E. 
Vining, T. D. 




Berlin. 


Linnell, Jona. E. 


Douglas. 


Blackstone. 


White, D. P. 
Wood, Ezekiel 






Knight, S. P. 


Dudley. 




Eames, Ambrose 




Bolton. 


Bou telle, Thos. R. 


Fitchburg. 




Fox, Abel 





PHYSICIANS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



193 



Huntley, 0. L. 


Fitehburg. 


Leland, Francis 


Milford. 


Marshall, Jonas A. 




Wilmarth, Butler 




Norcross, Josiah 




Davis, Henry G. 


Millbury. 


Pillsbury, T. 




Spaulding, Leo. 




Robinson, T. G. 




Miner, Julius F. 


NewBr'ntree. 


Snow, P. G. 




Jewett, H. A. 


Northboro. 


Harriman, H. C. 


Gardner. 


Johnson, Joshua J. 




Parker, David 




Clark, R. R. 


Northbridge. 


Bosworth, F. A. 


Grafton. 


Robinson, Erastus 




Fields, Geo. A. 




Adams, Charles 


Oakham. 


Fletcher. H. 




Eaton, A. J. 




Griggs, Thos/T. 




Colman, Davis 


Oxford. 


Parker, Henry 


. . 


Paine, Samuel C. 


. . 


Pierce, Delano 




Plympton, D. B. 


. . North. 


Rawson, Levi 




Wheeler, Edw. M. 


Paxton. 


Thornton, Wm. 




Stone, James 


Phillipston. 


Cutler, Isaac G. 


Hard wick. 


Boylston, W. N. 


Princeton. 


Ranney, L. 




Brooks, Alphonso 




Holman, E. A. 


Harvard. 


Partridge, Warren 




Howard, Levi, Jr. 




Parkhurst, Wm. 


Petersham. 


Kittredge, F. G. 




Taylor, Samuel 




Willis, Ebenezer 




Austin, H. B. 


Royalston. 


Davis, David 


Holden. 


Willis, Isaac P. 




Robbins, Augus. 




Tripp, B. H. 


Rutland. 


Billings, L. F. 


Hubbardston. 


Brigham, A. 


Shrewsbury. 


Phelps, Moses 


. , 


Fay, J. B. 




Burditt, G. W. 


Lancaster. 


Towne, D. 




Buffum, Benj. F. 




Hobart, A. L. 


Southboro'. 


Carter, Calvin 




Fay, Chas. M. 


Southbridge. 


Cummings, R. 




Curtis, L. M. (Globe Vill.) ditto. 


Lincoln, Henry 




Hartwell, S. 


Southbridge. 


Morse, Geo. M. 




Hartwell, S. C. 




Symonds, Geo. W. 




Spooner, B. A. (Centre Vill.) do. 


Stillwell, C. S. 




Dyer, Edw. C. 


Spencer. 


Thompson, G. L. S 




Guilford, Jonas 




Flint, Edward 


Leicester. 


Kendall, P. T. 


Sterling. 


Holmes, Jacob 




Peck, Wm. D. 




Walbridge, A. 




Fiske, Calvin P. 


Sturbridge. 


Field, C. C. 


Leominster. 


Sanders, Wm. S. 




Heard, John 




Terry, Wm. 


Sutton. 


Pierce, G. W. 




Osgood, J. W. D. 


Templeton. 


Wilder, C. W. 




Jewett, George 


. . 


King, S. D. 


Lunenburg. 


Spooner, Mason 




Manning. Peter 


. . 


Carpenter, H., Jr. 


Upton. 


Metcalf, John G. 


Mendon. 


Perry, Adams 


Uxbridge. 


Alba, E. M. 


Milford. 


Robbins, Jas. W. 


. . 


Fay. Allen C. 




Taft, Augustus, C. 


Uxbridge. 



17* 



194 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Carpenter, Nelson, Warren. 

Warriner, D. 

Barrows, E. A. Webster. 

Negus, Charles 

Pond, Benjamin Westboro'. 

Rising, H. H. 

Cutting, Flavel Westminster. 

White, John 

Godding, Alvah Winchendon. 

Lincoln, Wm. L. 

Russell, Ira 

Bates, Geo. A. Worcester. 

Bates, H. G. 

Blood, Oliver H. 

Chandler, Geo. 

Deland, Dr. 

Erving, J. F. (New) . . 

Flagg, Samuel 



Green, John Worcester. 

Griggs, Dr. — 

Hatch, T. 

Hey wood, B. F. 

Hey wood, Be nj. 

Heywood, Frederic 

Hunting, Amory 

Johnson, H. F. 

Mignault, L. M. F. 

Sargent, Joseph 

Sargent, Henry 

Tracy, S. 

Lee, J. R. (Hospital) 

Newton, Calvin 

Tenney, Jas. A. . . 

Woodward, Rufus . . 

Workman, Wm. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

Explanation of the Abbreviations used in the following Tables of 
the Churches. — C. T. Congregationalist (Trinitarian) ; B. Baptist ; 
F. B. Freewill Baptist ; M. Methodist ; M P. Methodist Protestant ; 
M. E. Methodist Episcopal ; E. M. Evan. Methodist ; E. Episcopa- 
lian ; C. U. Congregationalist (Unitarian) ; Uv. Universalist ; Ch. 
Christian ; R. C. Roman Catholic ; N. J. New Jerusalem ; Me. Miller- 
ite ; Mn. Mormon. 



SUFFOLK COUNTY. — BOSTON. 



Congregationalist ( Trinitarian). 

Adams, Neh., D.D. Essex st. 
Alvord, J. W. S. Boston. 

Beecher, E., D. D. Salem st. 
Blagden,G.W.,D.D. Old South. 



Bourne, G. W. 
Cushing, C. 
Dexter, Henry M. 
Fairchild, J. H. 
Foster, W. C. 
Higgins, S. H. 
Kirk, Edw. N. 



Mariner's. 
Causeway st. 
Pine st. 
S. Boston. 
Suffolk st. 
Marlb. Chap. 
Mt. Vernon. 



Rogers, Wm. M. Winter st. 
Richards, Geo. 
Stone, Andrew L. Park st. 
Waterbury,J.B.,D.D. Bowdoin st. 

German Lutheran. 
Bogen, F. W. Suffolk st 

Schwarz, Louis B. Shawmut st. 

Congregationalist (Unitarian). 

Barrett, Sam'l, D.D. Chambers st. 
Coolidge, J. I. 



Cruft, Sam'l B. 



Harrison av. 
Suffolk st 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



195 



Fox, T, B. 
Gannett, E..S.,D.D. 
Gray, F. T. 
Huntington, F. D. 
King, Thomas S. 
Lothrop, S. K. 
Parker, Theodore 
Peabody, E., D.D. 
Robbins, Chandler, 
Waterston, R. C. 
Winkley, Sam'l H. 
Young, Alex.,D. D. 
Young, Joshua 



Indiana pi. 
Federal st. 
Bulfineh st. 
Washing, st. 
Holiis st. 
Brattle st. 
Melodeon. 
Tremont st. 
Beach st. 
Bedford st. 
Pitts st. 
Summer st. 
Hanover st. 
S. Boston. 



Congregational Church. 

Lynde Street. 

Lowell, Chas., D.D. Lynde st. 
Bartol, C. A., coll. 

Baptist. 

Banvard, J. Harvard st. 

Bosworth, G. W. S. Boston. 
Caswell, L. E. City Miss. 

Colver, Nathaniel Trem. Temp. 
Church, P., D. D. Bowdoin sq. 
Gimes, L. 12th Bap. ch. 

Howe, William Merrim'ckst. 
Neale, R. H., D. D. Union st. 

Serrington, ^/".Belknap st. 

Sharp, Daniel, D.D. Charles st. 
Stow, Baron, D. D. Rowe st. 
Stowe, Phineas, Bethel, Lewis st. 
Sanford, M. East Boston. 

Tucker, Levi, D.D. Baldwin pi. 

Episcopalian. 

Allen, N. G. East Boston. 

Clinch, J. H. S. Boston. 

Croswell, W., D.D. Green st. 
Prescott, Oliver S. Assistant. 
Eastburn, M., D.D. Bish. Tr. Ch. 
Clarke, T. M. Assist. Min. do 

Mason, Charles Grace Ch. 

Randall, Geo. M. Ch. Messiah. 
Robinson, J. P. Sea. Ch. Ann st. 
Vinton, A. H, D.D. St. Paul's. 



Wells, E. M. P. Purchase st. 
Woart, John Christ Ch. 

Wilson, S. W. House Correction. 



Universalist. 



Ballou, Hosea 
Miner, A. A., coll. 
Cook, T. D. 
Smith, D. D. 
Skinner, O. A. 
Streeter, Sebastian 
Webster, C. H. 



School st. 

S. Boston. 
Canton st. 
Warren st. 
Hanover st. 
East Boston. 



Methodist Episcopal. 
Bridge, Jona. D. Church st. 
Cooke, Edward D. street. 

Crowell, Loranus Bromfield st. 
Cummings, Joseph Hanover st. 
Grissam, E.(colored.) May st. 
Porter, James Meridian st 

Street, Thomas Suffolk st. 

Taylor, E. T. Bethel. 

Trafton, Mark N. Russell st. 

Christian. 

Edmunds, Edward Snmmer st. 

New Jerusalem. 

Worcester, Thomas Bowdoin st. 

Freewill Baptist. 

Holman, J. W. Union st 

Noyes, E. Boylst Hall. 

Catholic. 

Cathedral Holy Cross. 

Fitzpatrick, J. B., D.D. Bishop. 

Manahan, A., D. D. 

O'Brien, N. J. A. # 

Williams, J. J., Chap. Holy Cross. 

Galliher, M., St. Vincent's Church. 

Haskens, George F. St John. 

Kroes, ^ 

McElroy, > St. Mary's Church. 

Gillespie, ) 

Lynch, Thomas Northamt. st 

Edward Farrelly, Northamt. st 

McCallion, Ch. East Boston. 

Fitzsimmons, T. South Boston. 



186 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Hamill, P. South Boston. 

Eck, G. Holy Trinity. 

Chelsea. 

Chas. H. Leonard Uv. 

James Richardson, Jr C. U. 

E 
J. N. Sykes B. 



I. P. Langworthy C. T. 

Wm. Rice M. E. 

Charles Smith R. C. 

North Chelsea. 

Norwood Damon C. XL 

James D. Farnsworth C. T. 

Elnathan Hawes,Pt Shirley,F. B. 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 



Barnstable. 

Elisha Bacon C. T- 

John H. Wells C. T. 

John N. Bellows C. U. 

D. C. Haynes. .......... B. 

W. H. Dalrymple B. 

Tubald Wakefield (Ostervl)B. 
W. Addison (Marston Mills)M.E. 
B. L. Sayer (Hyannis) .... M.E. 

Geo. W. Stearns M.E. 

Jas. Tasker (Osterville) . . .M.E. 

R. S. Pope (Hyannis) Uv. 

0. C. Woodbury Uv. 

Brewster. 

Frederick R. Newell C. U. 

Franklin Daman B. 

J. H. Burnham , Uv. 

. M. 

Chatham. 

Elijah Tucker . C. T. 

Wm. Livesey M. E. 

Alvin Abbott (North) Uv. 

Dennis. 

Richard Tolman C. T. 

Joshua Chandler C. U. 

John Kirk M. P. 

Rev. Mr. Dow M. 

Edward Morris M. 

John E.Wood M.E. 



Easiham. 



John H.Wells 
Wm. Leonard . 



. . C. T. 

..M.E. 



Falmouth. 

S. F. Beard C. T. 

H. B. Hooker C. T. 

S. S. Hyde C. T. 

B. Otheman M. E. 

One Society of Friends. 

Harwich. 

Theophilus P. Sawin C. T. 

E. B. Hinckley (East) . . . .M..E 

D. Stebbins(West) M.E. 

James Barnaby B, 

Mashpee. 

Phineas Fish C. T. 

Orleans. 

Jacob White C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Wakefield B. 

S. Barden Uv. 

J. B. Washburn M.E. 

Provincetown. 

Osborn Myrick C. T. 

L. W. Manning Uv. 

P. T. Kenney ..M. E. 

A.B.Wheeler M. E. 

Sandwich. 

EliphaletP. Crafts C. U. 

James D. Butler .M. E. 

Benj. Haines (Hog Pond) M. E. 
JosephMacreading(Monum)M.E. 

JosephMash M.E. 

G. J. Sanger Uv. 

Thomas McNulty R. C. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



197 



David Hill M.P. 

J. Garland (Monument) . . C. T. 

Giles Pease C. T. 

Elias Wells C. T. 



Wellfleet. 



Samuel Fox 

John B. Hunt (South) . 

Stephen Bailey 

Charles C. Beaman . . . 



.M. 
M.E. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 



Truro. 

E. W. Noble C. T. 

T. B. Gurney M.E. 

Adin H. Newton (South) M.E. 

Geo. W. Rogers (North) M.E. 

Yarmouth. 

Nathaniel Cogswell C. T. 

(West) C. T. 

Franklin Gavitt M.E. 

Henry Mayo (Port) M.E. 

Simeon Crowell B. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 



Adams. 
Robert Crawford (North) C. T 

J. J. Dana (South) C. T. 

T. L. Dodgson (North) . .M. E. 

Thos. Lodge (South) M. E. 

Rev Mr. Grant (South) . .B. 
Horace T. Love (North) . . B. 

Z. Cook (North) Uv. 

D. Thayer (North) Uv. 

Alford. 

G. Hayden C. T. 

M.E. 



Becket. 

C.T. 

Jonas Colburn C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Shailer B. 

(North) M. E. 

Clarksburg. 

M. 

Cheshire. 

N. Y. Bushnell B. 

J. D. Rogers B. 

A. W. Mason Uv. 



Dalton. 




Oliver M. Sears 


. . . C. T. 


W. Griffin 


...M.E. 




. . . Uv. 



Egremont. 

Rev. Mr. Clark C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Pomeroy B. 

Wm. Ostrander M.E. 

Florida. 

John Greene B. 

Isaac Blanchard Ch. 

Great Barrington. 

Justin Field E. 

Green E. 

D. N. Merrit C.T. 

Josiah W. Turner C. T. 

Thos. Ellis M.E. 

Hancock. 
[Elder Elnathan Sweet, Stephen- 
town, N. Y., and Jos. D. Rogers, 
Berlin, preach 3~4ths of the 
time to the Baptist Society.] 
Hinsdale. 

C.T. 

A. W. Garvin M.E. 

B. 

Lanesboro*. 

Samuel B. Shaw E. 

John V. Ambler B. 

Martin Tupper C. T. 

Lee. 

Jarvis Z. Nichols. M. E. 

C. T. 



198 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



F. Moore 



B. 
.M.E. 



Lenox. 

Henry Neill . C. T. 

Oliver E. Brown M. E. 

Monterey. 
Samuel Howe C. T. 

Mt. Washington. 

Jonathan Lee C. T. 

New Ashford. 
W. R. Brown ..M.E. 

New Marlboro'. 

Chester Fitch (North) C. T. 

O. Lombard C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Lyman .... 
C. H. Gardner 

Otis. 



M. 
Uv. 



Dan. G. Wright 



.C.T. 
E. 



Peru. 

Joseph Knight 

Pittsjield. 
Rev. Mr. Harrison . . . 
John Todd, D. D 



C.T. 



C.T. 
.C.T. 
.C.T. 



Bradley Miner 

S. Parks 

Geo. T. Chapman, D. D. 

C. E. Hewes 

Bernard O'Cavannagh . . 

Richmond. 

E. L. Clark 

John Davies 



B. 

.ME. 
,E. 
.Uv. 
R. C. 



C. T. 
M.E. 



Sandisjield. 

Piatt T. Holiey C. T. 

J. T. Smith B. 

Daniel G. Wright E. 

Savoy. 

Amos Deming B. 

...B. 

Randall Mitchell M.E. 

Sheffield. 

James Bradford C. T. 

T. F. R. Mercein M. E. 

Stockbridge. 
A. H. Dashiel, Jr. . 

W.H.Phelps 

Thomas Pynchon. . . . 
Goodrich Horton . . . 



. . . . C. T- 

C. T- 

....E. 
... .M. E. 

Uv. 

Tyringham. 

O. H. Capron B. 

Richard W. Keeler M. E. 

One Society Shakers. 

Washington. 

F. Norwood C. T- 

D. Rose M. E. 

West Stockbridge. 

John Davies M. E. 

Sidney Bryant C. T. 

N. Lasell C. T. 

Williamstown. 

J. A. Hazen C. T. 

Mark Hopkins, D.D. (Coll.) C. T. 

! Absalom Peters, D.D C. T. 

G.C.Wells M.E. 

George Lyle B. 

Windsor. 
Charles Peabody C. T. 



BRISTOL COUNTY. 



Attleboro'. 
John B. M. Bailey (South) C. T. 
Jonathan Crane C. T. 



N. G. Lovell (North) .B. 

J. S. Dennis (North) Uv. 

G. W. Wallace (Hebrnville)F. B. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



199 



Berkley. 

L. R. Eastman C. T. 

N. Richardson C. T. 

Society of Friends. 

Dartmouth. 

Wm. A. Mandell C. T. 

Barnabas Collins B. 

W. H.Taylor B. 

J. Goodwin Ch. 

H. Tripp ..Ch. 

Nelson Goodrich (South) . . M. E. 
Four Societies of Friends. 

Dighton. 

Abraham Gushee C. IT. 

Preston Cummin gs C. T. 

W. H. Richards M. E. 

B. 

O. P. Tuckerman Ch. 

Easton. 
Luther Sheldon 



. . C. T. 

....C.U. 

John W. Clough M.E. 

Rev. Mr. Lovell M. P. 

Fairhaven. 

Jacob Roberts C. T. 

Thomas Dawes C.U. 

James B. Weeks M. E. 

G. W. Wooding (North) ..ME. 

Israel A. Wood Ch. 

Two Societies of Friends. 

Fall River. 

Benj. P. Relyea C. T. 

Eli Thurston C. T- 

Samuel Longfellow C. U- 

Asa Bronson B. 

B. 

E. T. Fletcher M. E. 

Daniel Wise M. E. 

E.M.Porter E. 

Uv. 

B. Buffington F. B. 

Edward Murphey R. C. 



C. T. 
.B. 
C. U. 
M. E. 
.M.P. 
.Ch. 



Mr. Hall Ch. 

F. Fellows Ch. 

William Shurtleff Ch. 

Two Societies of Friends. 

Freetown. 

S. Woodbury C. T. 

B. Collins Ch. 

S. S. White (Assonet) . . . . Ch. 

Mansfield. 

Mortimer Blake 

Samuel J. Carr 

Daniel W. Stevens .... 

Arnold Adams 

Joseph K. Wallen .... 

Elder Joshua Goodwin 

Society of Friends. 

New Bedford. 

Moses G. Thomas C. U. 

John Weiss . . C. U. 

Rufus Babcock, D. D B. 

B. 

Thomas McNulty R. C. 

Friends' Meeting (Spring st) 
do. do. (William st) 

do. do. (Fifth st.) 

Daniel C. Burt C. T. 

A. Eldridge C. T. 

C. T. 

S, Holmes C. T. 

Harvey Jullings ......... Ch. 

Ch. 

A. G. Morton Ch. 

Moses How (Bethel) Ch. 

Moses Chase M. E. 

Robert M. Hatfield M. E. 

John Hobart M. E. 

Charles Noble M. E. 

Sanford J. Horton E. 

Edward S. Cannon (Laymn)C. T. 

Norton. 

C. T. 

B. 

> C.U. 



200 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Pawtucket. 

Constantine Blodgett C. T. 

E. 

E. 

Wm. Cone M. E. 

Raynham. 

Robert Carver C. T. 

C.U. 

B. 

Rehdboth. 

C. P. Grosvenor C. T. 

Elder Calvin Ch. 

Childs Luther Ch. 

J. L. Pierce Ch. 

JohnE. Gifford M.E. 

Seekonk. 

C. T. 

J. C.Welch B. 

Somerset. 

Charles Randall B. 

Charles Hammond M. E 

Jas. M. Worcester M. E 

Richard B. Eldridge, Jr. . . Ch. 
Society of Quakers. 



Swansey. 

J. S.Thompson Ch. 

J. J. Thatcher B. 

John B. Richmond E. 

Taunton. 

Alvan Cobb C. T. 

S. H. Emery C. T. 

Erastus Maltby C. T. 

Charles H. Brigham C. U. 

T. H. Batchelor F. B. 

G. W. Quinby Uv. 

R. Wilson, D. D R. C. 

Paul Townsend M. E. 

Rev. Mr. Horton B. 

Andrew Pollard B. 

T. W. Snow E. 

J. S.Elliott M. P. 

John S. Maxwell Ch. 

Westport. 
Chas. S. Hazard (Point) . .M.E. 

M. E. Gammons Ch. 

G.W.Tripp Ch. 

And two other Ch. Societies. 
Three Societies of Friends. 



DUKES COUNTY. 



Chilmark. 
Elijah Damon 



.C. T. 

.M. E. 



Edgartown. 

S. B. Goodenow C. T. 

CH. Titus M.E. 



Rev. Mr. Murphey . . 

Tisbury. 
Henry Van Houton. 



Peck.. 



.F. B. 



.C. T. 
.C. T. 



M. J. Talbot (Holmes' Hole)M. E. 

James C. Boomer B. 

C. U. Benj. F. Hedden do. . .B. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



Amesbury. 

J. M. Bacon C. T. 

Albert Paine (West) C. T. 

Nath. J. Pinkham (Mills) . . C. T. 
Charles C. Burr M.E. 



D. Gordon Estes E. 

H. P. Cutting (West) . . . . Uv. 

M. 

B. 

One Society of Quakers. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



201 



Andover. 

Francis C. Williams 

W. T. Briggs (North) 

R. Emerson, D.D. (T. Sem 
Charles H. Peirce (West) 

J. L. Taylor (South) 

William B. Brown 

H. S. Greene (Bal. V.) . 

Samuel Fuller 

George F. Poole 



Bradford. 

Nathan Munroe , 

Gardner B. Perry, D. D. 

Beverly. 
C. T. Thayer ', 



.C.U. 
.C. T. 
)C. T. 
C. T. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.E. 
M. E. 
.B. 
.Uv. 



Joseph Abbott 

George T. Dole 

Allen Gannett 



C. W. Reding 
Ira Washburn 



.C. T. 
.C. T. 



.C.U. 
C.U. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 
B. 
B. 
Uv. 



Boxford. 

William S. Coggin . . . 
Calvin E. Park 

Danvers. 
Milton P. Braman 

James Fletcher 

Aaron W. Chaffin 

F. Augustus Willard . 
Frank P. Appleton . . . 
J. W. Putnam (North) 
Oliver S. Howe 



C. T. 
C. T. 



. . C. T. 
. C. T. 
. . C. T. 
..B. 
..B. 
..C.U. 
. .Uv. 
. .M. E. 
.M. 



Essex. 

Robert Crowell, D. D C. T. 

C. H. Dutton Uv. 

Willard Spaulding Uv. 

Edwin L. Robinson Ch. 

18 



Elder Elam Burnham .... Me. 
Georgetown. 

Isaac Braman C. T. 

J. M. Prince (Coll.) C. T. 

A Swain B. 

H.H.Baker Uv. 

Gloucester. 

J. Aiken C. T. 

Edwin Seabury C. T. 

Levi Wheaton C. T. 

B. 

William Mountford C.U. 

John Collom M. E. 

Jarvis Wilson M. E. 

E. W. Coffin (Annisquam) Uv. 
Amory D. Mayo ....... Uv. 

D. H. Plumb Uv. 

Hamilton. 
J.H.Mordough C. T. 

Haverhill. 

Abijah Cross (West) C. T. 

E. J. Cummins C. T. 

B. F. Hosford C. T. 

Wales Lewis (East) C. T. 

D. Oliphant (North) C. T. 

Frederick Hinckley C. U. 

Addison Brown B. 

Arthur S. Train B. 

Henry Plumer Mn. 

Timothy Cole Ch. 

L. B. Mason Uv. 

W. W. Wilson (West) Uv. 

Ipswich. 

Daniel Fitz C. T. 

David T. Kimball C. T. 

E. Birchard (Linebrook) . . C. T. 
Jas. Shepard M.E. 



Lawrence. 

Henry F. Harrington 
J. G. Richardson 



.C. T. 

.c. u. 

.B. 



202 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



J. Woodman F. B. 

Moses A. Howe M. E. 

George Packard E. 

Charles D. French R. C. 

John O'Donnell E.C. 

G. H. Clark Uv. 

Ch. 

Lynn. 

A. R. Baker C. T. 

Parsons Cooke, D. D C. T. 

J. B. Clark C. T. 

J. A. Adams . . M. E. 

Stephen Cushing M. E. 

Simeon Putnam M. E. 

Daniel Richards M. E. 

W.C.Richards B. 

I. W. Hallam E. 

E. G.Brooks Uv. 

J. R. Johnson Uv. 

Daniel Knowlton Ch. 

Charles C. Shackford . . . . C. U. 

Lynnjield. 

C. T 

Carlos Marston Uv. 



Newbury. 

Daniel T. Fisk C. T. 

F. V. Tenney C. T. 

L. Withington, D. D C. T. 

Uv. 

N.J. Merrill M. E. 



Manchester. 

Oliver A. Taylor C. T. 

P. R. Russell Ch. 

Marllehead. 

Benjamin Huntoon C. U 

Edward Ballard E. 

George Dunbar M. E. 

Z. P. Wild B. 

Edward A. Lawrence . . . . C. T. 
E. Case, Jr Uv. 

Methuen. 

John C. Phillips C. T. 

W. H. Waggoner Uv. 

T M. 

B. 

Middleton. 
J. A. Hood C. T. 



Newburyport. 

Randolph Campbell C. T. 

Luther F. Dimmick, D. D. . . C. T. 

W. W. Eels C. T. 

Vermilye C. T. 

Charles J. Bowen C. U. 

Edward A. Washburn . . . . E. 

A. R. Abbott Uv. 

P. Adams B. 

N. Medbury . B. 

Isaac J. P. Collyer M.E. 

D. P. Pike Ch. 

Patrick Cameron R. C . 

West Newbury. 

C. T. 

John Q. A. Edgell C. T 

M. R 

Uv. 



Rockport. 

Wakefield Gale C. T. 

George Lyle B. 

H. Van Campen Uv. 

Wm. C. Clark M. 



Rowley. 



John Pike 



Salem. 
James Flint, D. D 

0. B. Frothingham .... 

Thomas T. Stone 

J. W. Thompson, D. D. . . 
Brown Emerson, D. D. . . 

1. E. Dwinell (Coll.) . . 

J. M Hoppin 

M. H. Wilder 

Sam. M. Worcester, D. D. 
Wm. R. Babcock 



C. T. 
B. 



C. U. 
C. U. 
C. U. 
C. U. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
E. 



CHURCnES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



203 



M. Carlton (Sea. Bethel) . .B. 

W. H. Eaton B. 

Robert C. Mills B. 

James Conway R. C. 

E. Fisher Uv. 

S. CHewett ,Uv. 

David O. Gaskill Ch. 

John W. Perkins M. E. 

Thomas Jones M. 

Two Societies Quakers. 

Salisbury. 

Benjamin Sawyer C. T. 

B. 

J. Brown Ch. 



[ A. Norwood 
Wm. Hewes. 



Saugus. 
Levi Brigham .... 
Daniel R. Banister 
Josiah Marvin .... 



Topsjield. 
Anson McLoud . . . 
Kinsman Atkinson . 

Wenham. 

Jeremiah Taylor . . . 
Josiah Keely 



Uv. 
M.E. 



.C. T. 
M.E. 
Uv. 



C.T. 
M.E. 



C. T. 
B. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



Ashfield. 

Sereno D. Clark C. T. 

Wm. Norris B. 

M. Morton Uv. 

E. 

Bernardston. 
Charles Kendall C. T- 

c. u- 

Geo. G. Fuller . B. 

M. 

O. Perkins Uv. 

Buckland. 

Asa B. Smith C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Sanderson B. 

Geo. E. Chapman M. E. 

Charlemont. 

c. u. 

B. F. Remington B. 

Iehabod Marcy M.E. 

Aaron Foster C. T. 

John D. Smith C. T 

Coleraine. 

Cyrus Allen C. T. 

Algernon S. Flagg M.E. 

Edward Davenport B. 



Anthony V. Dimock .... 


. .B. 




. Uv. 


Conway. 




Samuel Harris 


. . C. T. 


C. A. Buckbee 


. .B. 


Deerfield. 




Marcus E. Cross 


..C. T. 


Alfred E. Ives (North) . . 


. . C. T. 


D. A. Strong (South) . . 


. . C. T. 


John Smith (South) .... 


. .M. E. 


John F. Moors 


. . C. U. 




. .B. 


Erving. 




J. H. Willis 


..Uv. 




. . C. T. 


Gill. 




J. W. Canning 


. . C. T. 


Chas. Hay ward 


. . .M.E. 


Greenfield. 




Titus Strong D. D 


. .E. 


Geo. C. Partridge 


..C.T. 


A. Chandler, D.D 


..C.T. 




..C.U. 


Daniel Ames 


..M.E. 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Hawley. 
John Eastman (West) 
Henry Seymour (East) 

Heath. 

Zolva Whitmore .... 

Leyden. 

Daniel De Wolf 

S. Cushman 

Lever ett. 

David Eastman 

Samuel Everett 

Baxter Newton 



C. T. 
C. T. 



C. T. 



.M. 
M. E. 



Lemuel Willis 

Marshall B. Angier . . 
Willard Jones (North) 

Rowe. 

B. F. Clarke 

M. C. Chapin 

Stillman Barber .... 
James Parker 



.Uv. 
C. T. 
C. T. 



.C. T. 
M.E. 
,C. U. 
.B. 



Shelburne. 



T. Packard, D. D. 



.C.T. 



Montague. 
James H. Merrill . . . 

Davis Smith 

Baxter Newton .... 



C. T. | Theoph. Packard, Jr. (Coll.) C. T. 

M.E. J G. F. Bronson (Falls) C. T. 

B. Edgar H. Gray B. 

Uv Uv. 

M.E. 



C.T. 
C. U. 



Shutesbury. 



C.T. 



B. 



Munroe. 

R. A. Ballou Uv. 

Jonathan Hix 

New Salem. 

Joseph J. Locke C. U. 

Uv. 

J. Shepardson B. 

(North) C. T. 

Wm. H. Hayward (Centre) C. T. 

Northjield. 

W. C. Tenney C. U. 

Alvah C.Page C.T. 

James M. Eaton M. 



B. 



Orange. 
Levi Ballou (North) . 



..Uv. 



Sunderland. 

H. B. Hosford C.T. 

Erastus Andrews B. 

Warwick. 
Roger C. Hatch .... 
Geo. F.Clark .... 



..C.T. 
. . C. U. 
...B. 
. .Uv. 



Wendell. 



William Leach. 
N. S. Dickinson 



Whately. 

J. S. Judd 

J. H. Temple 



.B. 
.C.T. 



.C.T. 
.C.T. 
.B. 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 
Blandford. j Brimjield. 

Charles J. Hinsdale C. T. Jason M ° r se C.T. 

E. 1 Gr. Noyes Uv. 

Daniel E. Chapin ... . . . .M. E. Chester. 

Pliny Wood (North) M. E. | C. T. 

B. ' P. E. Clark C. T. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



205 



John C. Strong C.T. 

S. R. Allafd B. 

Chicopee. 

E. B. Clark C. T. 

G. A. Oviatt (Cabotville). . C. T. 

C. Nightingale " C U. 

James Strain " . . . . R. C. 

Andrew Croswell " . . . . E . 

B.Cook " B. 

W. R. G. Mellen " Uv. 

L. R. Thayer " M. E. 

Windsor Ward (Chic. Falls) M.E. 
R. K. Bellamy B. 

Granville. 
Timothy M. Cooley, D. D. C. T. 

H. B. Smith C.T. 

G. D. Felton B. 

Rev. Mr. Pitcher M. 

Holland. 

Benjamin Ober C. T. 

B. 

Holyoke. 

Simeon Miller C. T 

A. C. Pierce C. T. 

Longmeadow. 

P. S. Cossett C. T. 

J. W. Harding C. T. 

N. W. Miner B. 

Ludlow. 

J. W. Tuck C.T. 

C. T. 

Moses Stoddard M. E. 

Monson. 

Alfred Ely, D. D C.T. 

Charles B. Kittredge (Coll.) C. T. 
Wm. B. Olds M.E. 

Montgomery. 

J.J.Woodbury ME. 

John C. Strong C. T. 

18* 



Palmer. 




Levi Smith 


.C.T. 


Thomas Wilson 


.C.T. 


Wm. M. Hubbard 


.M.E. 


Addison Parker 


.B. 


Russell. 




M. H. Rising 


.B. 


Southwick. 




Henry. Cooley 

R. Russell 


.C.T. 
.B. 


Springfield. 

S. G. Buckingham 

S. Osgood, D. D 


.C.T. 
.C.T. 


R. H. Seeley 

Samuel W. Strong 

George F. Simmons 

Henry W. Adams 

L. Collins (African ) 

J. W. Mowry 

Isaac A. Savage 


.C.T. 
.C.T. 
.C.U. 
.E. 


.M.E. 
.M.E. 
.M.E. 


M. G.Clarke 


.B. 




.Uv. 


J. J. Dohorty 


.R.C. 


Tolland. 




Alonzo Sanderson 


.C.T. 


Wales. 




Volney Church 

.John Ricketts 


.B. 
.M.E. 


Westfield. 




Emerson Davis, D. D. . . . 


. C.T. 


G.F. Cox 


.M.E. 


Rev. Mr. Alden 


.B. 


B. 


West Springfield. 




S. W. Bailey 

Ralph Perry (Agawam) . 
Edw. Sweet (Mettaneag) . 

(Feeding Hills) 

John Cadwell 


.C. T. 
.C.T. 
.C.T. 
.C. T. 
.ME. 



206 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



W. A. Clapp (Feeding Hls)M. E. 
G. W. Green (Agawam) . .M. E. 

Joel Kenney B. 

T.Eand B. 

Rev. Mr. Robinson B. 



Wiibraham. 
Hubbard Beebe (South) . . C. T. 

J. Bowers C. T. 

U. Underwood B. 

Z. A.Mudge M.E. 

Wm. R. Stone (South) M. E. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



Amherst. 



A.M. Colton. C. T. 

George Cook C. T. 

J. L. Merrick (South) C. T. 

E. Hitchcock, Pres. (Coll.) C. T. 
C. L. Woodworth (East) . .C. T. 

B. 

Henry M. Nichols MfcE. 

Ephraim Scott M. E. 



Belchertown. 



Samuel Wolcott 
Jas. Nichols . . . 



..B. 
..C. T. 
. .M.E. 



Chesterfield. 

Increase B. Bigelow M. E. 

F. Bestor B. 

Oliver Warner, Jr C. T. 

Cummington. 

J. B. Baldwin C. T. 

J. D. Chapman C. T. 

T.J. Clark C. T. 

B. 

(West) Uv. 

James Mellen Mn. 

H. D. Capen M.E. 

Easthampton. 

Rollin S. Stone a T. 

E. S.Potter M. 

Enfield. 

Robert McEwen C. T« 

John Paulson M. E. 



Goshen. 
Robert Crossett . . . 



Grariby. 

James Bates 

Rev. Mr. Wright 

Greenwich. 
Edward P. Blodgett 

Hadley. 

Rowland Ayers 

Warren H. Beaman . . . 
John Woodbridge, D. D. 
Hatfield. 



Middlefield. 

E. Clark 

Homer Clark 

J. Pollock 

Northampton. 

George E. Day 

E.Y.Swift 

Rufus Ellis 

D. M. Crane 

Thomas Marcy 

Henry Burroughs 



C. T. 
.B. 

.C.T. 
M.E. 

C. T. 

.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.C. T. 

.C.T. 



C. T. 

B. 

M.E. 



C. T. 
C.T. 
C. U. 



.B. 
M.E. 
.E. 
R. C. 



Norwich. 
John R. Miller C. T. 

Pelham. 

Judah Crosby M. E. 

Aivan C.Page C.T. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



207 



Plainfield. 

H.J. Gaylord C. T. 

Elder Sweet B. 

Prescott. 

Charles Galpin C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Eggleston B. 

G. Bushnell Uv. 

Southampton. 

M. E. White C. T. 

Wm. Pentecost M.E. 

South Hadley. 

Thomas Laurie C. T. 

C. T. 

Cyrus L. Eastman .M.E. 



Ware. 
David N. Coburn (West) . . C. T. 

Nahum Gale (Village) C. T. 

J. W. Dadman (Village) . .M. E. 

B. 

C.U. 

Uv. 

Westhampton. 

David Coggin C. T. 

Williamsburg. 

W.Butler M. E. 

C. T. 

Worthington. 

John H. Bisbee C. T. 

Lozien Pierce M.E. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Acton. 

James T. Woodbury C. T. 

H. Richardson (West) B. 

Rev. Mr. Crossman M. 

R. Stinson Uv. 

Ashby. 

C.W.Wood C. T. 

Theophilus P. Doggett C. U. 

Ashland. 

Wm. M. Thayer C. T. 

B. F. Bronson B. 

Bedford. 

Orin Sikes 

William Cushing . . . 

Billerica. 

Benjamin Putnam. . . 

J. D. G. Stearns 

Samuel Pettes, Jr. . 

George Proctor 

Boxboro'. 



.C. T. 
.C.U. 



..B. 
. . C. T. 
..C.U. 
..Uv. 



M. 
.Uv. 
C. T. 



Brighton. 

Frederic A. Whitney C. U. 

Arthur Swazey C. T. 

Burlington. 
H. G. Park C. T 

Cambridge. 

J. A. Albro, D. D C. T. 

J. C. Lovejoy (Port) C. T. 

F. T. Perkins (East) C. T. 

Wm. A. Stearns (Port) . . C. T. 
C. Francis, D. D., (Chapel) C. U. 

Artemas B. Muzzey C. U. 

William Newell C. U. 

G. R. Noyes, D.D. (Chapel)C. U. 
J. Walker, D. D. (Chapel) C. U. 
J. F. W. Ware (Port) C. U. 

(East) . . C. U. 

N. Hoppin E. 

Moses P. Stickney (Port) . . E. 

. (E. Cambridge) E. 

M. Dougherty R. C. 

Rev. Mr. Riordan R. C. 

J. W. Parker (Port) B. 

(East) B. 



208 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



B. 



(Port) . . . 

John W. Merrill (East) 
A. D. Merrill (Port) . . 

Carlisle. 
S. W. Banister 



.M.E. 
.M.E. 

C. T. 
.C.U. 



Charlestown. 
George E. Ellis 



Robert Town ley 
M. McGrath . . . 
P. E. Lyndon . 
P. H. Greenleaf 



William J. Buddington . 

B. Tappan, Jr , 

Henry E. Hempstead . . 
J. S. Loveland • . 



.C.U. 
.C.U. 
.Uv. 
.R.C. 
.R. C. 
.E. 
B. 
B. 

.C. T. 
.C. T. 



.M.E. 
.M.E. 



Chelmsford. 

Benjamin F. Clark C. T. 

J. C. Boomer B. 

John Parkhurst B. 

C. W. Mellen Uv. 

M. 

Concord. 

Bareillai Frost C. U. 

C. T. 



B. G. Northrop(Saxonville)C. T. 

Increase 1ST. Tarbox C. T. 

J. T. Pettee (Saxon ville) . .M.E. 

G. Hastings Uv. 

R. C. 

Groton. 

Edw. A. Bulkley C. T. 

Joseph C. Smith C. U. 

Lewis Holmes B. 

Uv. 



Holliston. 

Joshua L. Tucker C. T. 

Joseph Denison M.E. 

John Nichols . Uv. 



Hopkinton. 

John Calvin Webster C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Burbank B. 

G.W.Stacy C.U. 

Wm. Withington E. 

Lexington. 

Fiske Barrett C. U. 

William F. Bridge C. U. 

Ira Leland B. 

J. A. Coolidge Uv. 

Lincoln. 

W. C. Jackson C. T. 

Seth Alden C.U. 



Moses Goodrich Uv. 

M. 

Dracut. 

George W. Adams C. T. 

Brown Emerson C. T. 

Geo. W. Thompson C. T. 

Thomas M. Latham M. 

Silas Curtis F. B. 



Dunstable. 
Darwin Adams C. T. 

Framingham. 

J. Aldrich B. 

Joseph H. Phipps C. U. 



Littleton. 

Geo. Matthews 

A. Goldsmith 

Wm. H. White 

Lowell. 

William Barry 

Henry A. Miles, D. D. . 


...B. 
...C. T. 
. . . C. U. 

...C.U. 
. . . C. U. 
Uv. 


Rev. Mr. Gay lord 

J. Hill 


...Uv. 
. . .Uv. 


T. B. Thayer 

Peter Crudden 

James T. McDermott . 

John O'Brien 

T. Edson, D. D. . . 


. ..Uv. 
...R. C. 
...R. C. 

..R. C. 

..E. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



209 



J. Duncan 

D. C. Eddy 

S. Howe 

Hiram Hutchins 

Lemuel Porter 

Amos Blauehard .... 
Uzziah C. Burnap . . 
Willard Child, D.D. . 

S. W. Hanks 

J. H. Towne , 

John H. Twombly . . , 
W. H. Brewster .... 



B. 
B. 
B. 
B. 
,B. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
.M.E. 
.M. 



Maiden. 

A.W.McClure 

Francis G. Pratt (South) 

C. B. Smith . 

Wm. S. Studley 

W. R. Parsons 

J. G. Adams 

J. W. Talbot (North) . . . 

Marlboro'. 
Horatio Alger 



.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.B. 
M. E. 

M. P. 

Uv. 

Uv. 



H. J. Ripley, D. D. (Inst.).B. 

S. F. Smith B. 

Bev. Mr. Webster B. 

Chester Field M. E. 

Alfred L. Baury E. 

D.L.Furber C. T. 

Lyman Gilbert, D.D. (West) C. T. 
| Wm. S. Leavitt (Corner) . . C. T. 

Wm. O. White (West) C. U. 

W. F. Teulon (West) ....Uv. 

North Reading. 

Ephraim W. Allen C. T. 

F. E. Cleaves B. 

B. 

E. Guilford Uv. 



A. A. Thayer 

Franklin Fisk 

Medford. 

John Pierpont 

L. H. Angier 

Rev. Mr. Warner. . . 
Hosea Ballou, D. D. . 
George Danforth . . . 

Willard Smith 

D. Greene Haskins . 

Melrose. 

Stillman Pratt 

Mark Staple 

Natick. 



C. U- 
.C. T. 
.Uv. 
M. E. 

.C. U. 
.C. T. 
.C. T, 
.Uv. 
.B. 

M. E. 

E. 

.C. T. 
.M.E. 

.C. T. 



C. U. 
M.E. 
B. 



James Thurston .... 
Thomas H. Mudge. . . 
William H. Watson . . 

Newton. 
H. B. Hackett, D. D.(Inst.) B. 
R. E. Pattison, D.D B. 



Pepper ell. 

Charles Babbidge . . . 

Reading. 

L. Whiting 

Edward W. Clark . . . 
John Cookson 



. ..C. T. 
. . . C. U. 

. . . C. T. 
. . . C. T. 
...B. 
...Uv. 



Sherburne. 

Edmund Dowse .... 
Shirley. 
Seth Chandler 



C. U. 
.C. T. 



C.U. 
,C. T. 



Benton Smith Uv. 

One Society of Shakers. 

Somerville. 

Augustus R. Pope C. U. 

South Reading. 

Reuben Emerson C. T. 

Alfred Emerson (Coll.) C. T. 

Daniel W. Phillips B. 

John H. Moore Uv. 

Stoneham. 

John H. Stevens C. T. 

W. C. Whitcomb C. T. 

Josiah Gilman Uv. 

John Holbrook B. 



210 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Stow. 

Reuben Bates C. U. 

Theodore Cook C. T. 

Sudbury. 

Linus H. Shaw C. U. 

Josiah Ballard C. T. 

George W. Frost ... M.E. 

Tewksbury. 

D. Burroughs B. 

J. Coggin C. T. 

Samuel Lamson (Coll.) . . . C. T. 

Townsend. 
L. H. Sheldon C. T. 

B. 

C. U. 

V. Lincoln Uv. 

Horace Moulton M. E. 

Tyngsboro'. 

Wm. Morse C. U. 

Win. Hooper Uv. 

Hiram Thompson B. 

Waltham. 

A. P. Cleverly Uv. 

Thomas Hill C. U. 

Geo. W.Bates M.E. 

Rev. Mr. Flood R. C. 

John Whitney C. T. 

T. F. Fales E. 

Watertown. 

Hasbrouck Davis C. U. 

H. C. Vose Uv. 

C K. Colver B. 

Mosely Dwight M.E. 



Wayland. 

Edward H. Sears C. U. 

S. G. Clapp C. T. 

David Mason M. 

West Cambridge. 

Geo. J. Carlton B . 

George Hill Uv. 

Francis Horton C. T. 

James F. Brown C. U. 

Westford. 

Leonard Luce C. T. 

J. Barstow Willard C. U. 

Weston. 

Joseph Field, D. D C. U. 

O. Crane B. 

Howard C. Dunham M.E. 

Wilmington. 

Barnabas M. Fay C. T. 

J.M.Durgin. . F. B. 



Winchester. 
John M. Steele 



C. T. 
B. 



Woburn. 

Jona. Edwards, (Centre) . . C. T. 

(South) C.T. 

Samuel Sevvell. .(North) . .C.T. 
Leonard Cox (W.Centre) .B. 

..B. 

. ,C. U. 

. .M. 



J. C. Stockbridge, ditto 



NANTUCKET COUNTY. 

Nantucket. 



Ebenezer Blake 
John B. Husted 



.C.T. 
.C.U. 
M.E. 
M.E. 



Isaac Sawyer B. 

Ethan Allen E. 

African, two Societies. 
Two Societies of Friends. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



211 



NORFOLK COUNTY. 



Bellingliam. 

A. Fisher B. 

Mr. Massey B. 

Braintree. 
William B. Hammond (S.) . C. T. 

Jonas Perkins C. T. 

Richard S. Storrs, D.D.. . .C. T. 
George Daland (South) . . . . B. 

Brookline. 

Frederic N. Knapp C. U. 

Joseph Haven, Jr C. T. 

William H. Shailer B. 

Wm. Horton E. 



Canton. 
Robert P. Rogers . . . 



C. U. 
.C. T. 



B. 

Chas. Cravers Uv. 

CoJiasset. 

Joseph Osgood 

F. A. Reed 

Daniel Webb 



C.U. 
C. T. 
M.E. 



Dedham. 
Alvan Lamson, D. D. . . . 

John White 

Ebenezer Burgess, D. D. 

Calvin Durfee 

Samuel B. Babcock 



John G. Carey 



(South) , 

Dorchester. 

Nathaniel Hall 

Samuel Johnson 

Richard Pike 

David Dyer 

James H. Means 

B. K. Peirce (Neponset) 
Aaron D. Sargeant .... 
F. G. Brown 



C.U. 
C.U. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
,E. 
.B. 
.M.E. 
.Uv. 
.Uv. 



C.U. 
C.U. 
C.U. 
C. T. 



C. T. 
.M.E. 
.M.E. 

B. 



H. Richards 

George W. Porter 



Dover. 



Ralph Sanger, 



Foxboro' 
William Barnes .... 
Silas S. Ripley . . . . 

Holmes Slade 

James W. Russell. . 



C.U. 
C.T. 
B. 



Franklin. 
Samuel Hunt 

Medjield. 
T. T. Richmond 



Medway. 

Jacob Ide, D. D 

David San ford 



.C. T. 
.B. 
Uv. 
Ch. 



C. T. 



C. T. 
C.U. 
.B. 



C.T. 
C. T. 
.C.T. 



E. Partridge (East) 
Milton. 
John H. Morison . . . 
Samuel W. Cozzens. 

J. Peter Lesley 

Albert H. Teele 

Samuel S. Kimball . . 



B. 

Uv. 



C.U. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
C. T. 
.Ch. 



Needham. 

Wm. Barrows (Grantville) 
A. Bigelow 



C. T. 
C. T. 
.C.U. 



Tyler Harrington M.E. 

Quincy. 

William F. Lunt, D. D C.U. 

Orange Clark, D. D E. 

N. Clark C. T. 

W.W.Dean Uv. 

Elisha B. Bradford M.E. 



212 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



J. T. Burrill .M.E. 

John Roddan . R.C. 



Randolph. 
Calvin Hitchcock, D. D. . 
E. P. Russell 



. . C.T. 
. . C.T. 
. .B. 



Roxbury. 

Wm.R. Alger C. U. 

Dexter Clapp (Spring St.) C. U. 

George Putnam, D. D C. U. 

Grindall Reynolds C. U. 

Th. D.Anderson B. 

E. Bright B. 

J. S. Shailer B. 

B. 

W.H. Ryder Uv. 

E. F. Slatfer E. 

John Wayland, D. D E. 

Christopher Marsh C. T. 

A. C. Thompson C. T. 

P. O'Beirne R. C. 

Silas Curtis F. B. 

L. Boyden M.E. 



Sharon. 

James L. Stone C. U. 

A. Colburn B. 

L.R. Phillips C.T. 



Stoughton. 

M. B. Ballou Uv. 

C. T. 

Philip Crandon M.E. 

Isaac Smith (East) B. 

William Tozer M.P. 

Walpole. 

Geo. H. Newhall C.T. 

John M. Merrick CU. 

Edward A. Manning M.E. 

E. Partridge Uv. 

E. Thompson (East) Uv. 

Weymouth. 

Wm.M. Harding C.T. 

Joshua Emery, Jr. (N.) C.T. 

James T. Terry C.T. 

John B. Gould (East) M.E. 

J. Hemphill Uv. 

J. N. Parker (South) Uv. 

Jotham Horton P. M. 

Wrentham. 

Elisha Fisk C. T. 

Horace James ( Coll.) C. T. 

C.T. 



B. 

Tim.C.Tingley (Sheldenville)B. 

Uv. 

Fassett Me. 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 



Abington. 

Seldon Haynes C. T. 

Horace D.Walker C. T. 

James W.Ward C. T. 

Isaac White C. T. 

William F. Stubbert B. 

N. Gunnison Uv. 

Jos. Pettee N. J. 

E.F.Hincks (South) M.E. 

Bridgewater. 

Claudius Bradford C. U. 

David Brigharn C.T. 

Stetson Raymond C.T. 



Th. P. Rodman N. J. 

W. Warland E. 

John D. King (North West) M.E. 

Carver. 

Ebenezer Gay C. T. 

Jeremiah Kelley B. 

M. 

Duxbury. 

Josiah Moore C. U 

Thomas Spilsted M.E' 

M. 

Geo. Severance Uv. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



213 



East Bridgewater. Middleboro* . 

Nathaniel Whitman C. U. Jesse K. Bragg C. T. 

B. Sundford C. T. Philip Colby G. T. 

Cyrus Stone C. T. Israel W. Putnam C. T. 

Franklin Hinks M.E. Isaiah C. Thacher C. T. 

E. H. Lake Uv. j Silas Hal! B. 

| Ebenezer Nelson B. 

. ..B. 



Halifax. 



Enoch Sanford 



.C. T. 
.B. 



Hanover. 



A. G. Duncan. 

Samuel Cutler. 
Wm. Slason . . , 



C.T. 

E. 

.B. 



Hanson. 
Samuel L. Rockwood 



Elmer Hewett, 
J. C. Fifield.. 



.C.T. 
.B. 
.Uv. 
.M.E. 



B. 

I George Tyler Ch. 

I T. Brown! M. 

North Bridgewater. 

Paul Couch C. T. 

Daniel Huntington C. T. 

John F. Norton"! C. T. 

Warren Goddard N. J. 

John Livesey, Jr M.E. 

Pembroke. 
William L. Stearns C. U. 



Hingham. 

Joseph Richardson . . 
Oliver Stearns 



C.U. 

c.u. 

.C.U. 



Samuel Beedle, 



M. M. Preston. 
E. P. Dyer. . . 



.M.E. 
B. 
Uv. 
C.T. 



Hull. 



Robert Gould 

Kingston. 



M.E. 



Jos. Peckham. . 
Th. E. Keely. .. 



.C.U. 
.C.T. 
.B. 



Marshjield. 

E. Alden 

Daniel D. Tappan . . . 
George Leonard 

Samuel Tucker 

Thos. D. Blake 

J. P. Bradley 



.C.T. 

.C.T. 

.C.U. 

.B. 

.M.E. 

.M. 

.E. 

19 



Plymouth. 

James Kendall, D. D 

George W. Briggs (Coll.) 

R. Tomlinson 

Adiel Harvey 

William Faunce 

Charles S. Porter 

Benjamin Whitmore 



M. 



C.U. 

C.U. 

Uv. 

B. 

Ch. 

C.T. 

C.T. 

C.T. 



Thomas L. Franklin. 

Plympton. 

Elijah Dexter 

Rochester. 

Isaac Briggs 

Leander Cobb 

E. W. Harrington . . . 
Wm. L. Mather . . . 
George H. Eldridge. 



C.T. 
E. 



C.T. 

C.T. 

C.T. 

C.T. 

C.T. 

Ch. 

C.U. 



P. Brett 

N. S. Clark . . 
T. Bordon, 2d. 



P.M. 
.M.E. 
.Uv. 



214 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Scituate. 

Ephraim Nute, Jr. C. XL 

Caleb Stetson C. U. 

R Breare (West) Uv. 

Daniel Wight C. T. 

Thomas Con ant B. 

Henry H. Smith M.E. 

South Scituate. 

C. Stetson C. U. 

Robinson Breare Uv. 



Wareham. 



James A. Roberts . . 
Horatio W. Houghten 



C. T. 
. M.E. 

Ch. 

A. K. Whittemore ..... Uv. 

West Bridgewater. 

J. G. Forman C. U. 

Thomas Hardman M.E. 

Alexander W. Carr . . . . B. 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 



Ashburnham. 

J. D. Crosby C. T. 

A. A. Whittemore C. T. 

Jona. LEsty M.E. 

B. 



Bolton. 
John J. Putnam . . 



.c.u. 



Athol. 
Samuel F. Clarke ....... C. U. 

R. Manning Chipman C. T. 

Lysander Fay B. 

O. Tracy. . .' B. 

Auburn. 
C. T. 



Barre. 



James Thompson, D. D. 
Henry F.Bond (Coll.). 



William Gordon 

Berlin. 

Henry Adams 

Blackstone. 
Michael Burdett . . . 



John W. Birchmore . . . 
Daniel Fillmore 



C. T. 
C.U. 
C.U. 
.B. 
.Uv. 
M.E. 



C. T. 



.C. T. 
.C. T. 
.E. 
M.E 
.F. B 



Community of Friends. 
Society of Quakers. 



Boylston. 

William H. Sandford C. T. 

Benjamin King M.E. 

Brookfield. 

L. S. Parker C. T. 

Micah Stone C. T. 

Samuel Hutchins (Coll.). . C. T. 

H. Tatem Uv. 

William B. Greene C.U. 

J. Hodges, Jr B. 

David L. Winslow M.E. 

Charlton. 

A. Bugbee Uv. 

John Haven C. T. 

Dana. 

John Keep C. T. 

Uv. 

B. N. Bullock C. U. 

M.E. 

Douglas. 

David Holman C. T. 

C.D.Rice C. T. 

S. P. Snow M. 

Dudley. 

Joshua Bates, D. D C. T. 

J. Baker Uv. 



CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



215 



David Kilburn 

Fltcliburg. 



.Uv. 
.M.E. 



Calvin Lincoln . . . 
E. W. Bullard . . . 



. . . C. U. 

. . . C. T. 

C. T. 

J. Savage B. 

Benjamin Tolman B. 

Daniel Steele M. E. 

C. Woodhouse Uv. 



Gardner. 
William B. Stone . . . 

J. C. Paine 

Amasa Brown 



C. T 
C. T 
B. 



Grafton. 

Edmund B. Wilson . . 
Thomas C. Biscoe .... 
McGeer 



W. H. Corning(Clinton , vlle)C. T. 

Charles Packard CT. 

Benjamin Whittemore .... Uv. 
Rev. Mr. Bowers B. 

Leicester. 

John Nelson, D. D C. T. 

James Thompson, D. D C. U. 

C. C.Mason M. 

T. Willard Lewis M.E. 

Moses Harrington B. 

E. 



William Leverett 

George T. Day 

T. G. Brown (Far numsville) 



Leominster. 

Amos Smith 

O. G.Hubbard 

Samuel Tupper 

r A. Swain 

C. T. Lunenburg. 

B. Asaph Boutelle 

B. | William G. Babcock. 
F. B. David H. Sherman . 



.C.U. 
.C. T. 
M.E. 
.B. 



S. Brimblecom 

Hardwick. 
Asa Mann 

Charles A. Carter. . . 

Harvard. 
George Fisher ..... 
Washington Gilbert . 

Clark Sibley 

N. C. Hodgdon 



M.E. 
ME. 
Uv. 



C. T. 

Uv. 
M.E. 



C. T. 
C.U. 
B. 
Uv. 



Mendon. 
Charles Chamberlain. 
William H. Kinsley . 

M'dlbury. 

Nathaniel Beach . . 
Leverett Griggs . . . 

.S. Holman 

Wm. A. Braman . . , 
Samuel Bronson . . . 



.CT. 
C.U. 
M.E. 



.CT. 
C.U. 



Holden. 
William P. Paine . . 
J. H. Tilton 



C T. 
B. 



Hubbardston. 

D. B. Bradford 

Moses P. Webster. . . . 
George T. Hill 

Lancaster. 
George M. Bartol .... 



.C T. 
.M.E. 
.C.U. 



C.U. 



Milford. 

Preston Pond 

Henry A. Eaton ... 
Chas. W. Ainsworth. . . 
George A. Hamilton . . . 
Leonard Wakefield . . . 

New Braintree. 
John Fiske. D. D 

Northboro'. 
Joseph Allen, D. D.. . . 
William A. Houghton. . 



M.E. 
B. 



CT. 
Uv. 
M.E. 
.B.C. 
M.P. 
B, 



CT. 



.C.U. 
CT. 



216 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Charles Farrar B. 

B. Moody M. 

Northbridge. 

William Bates C. T. 

Lewis F. Clark C. T 

North Broolcfeld. 

Thomas Snell, D. D C. T. 

George Bowler M.E. 

Oakham. 

James Kimball C. T. 

M.E. 

Oxford, 

Horatio Bardwell C. T. 

D. Y.Kilgore M.E. 

I.N. Hobart B. 

Uv. 

Paxton. 

William Phipps, Jr C. T. 

Edgar Cady B. 

Petersham. 

Solomon Chirk C. T. 

Martin W. Willis C. U. 

Phillipston. 

A. E. P. Perkins C. T. 

Bertis Judd M.E, 



Southboro'. 

C. u. 

M. Curtis B. 

Alanson Rawson C. T. 

Southbridge. 

Eber Carpenter C. T. 

O. S. Stearns B. 

B. F. Bowles Uv. 

William R. Bagnall . . . . M. E. 

Spencer. 

Levi Packard C. T. 

S. Cutter B. 

William M. Mann M.E. 

Uv. 



Princeton. 



C. T. 



Jeremiah L. Hanaford . . . M.E. 
B. 

Royalston. 

George Goodyear C. T. 

N. Hazen C. T. 

Warren Cooper B. 

Silas Kenney B. 

William F. Lacount (South) M.E. 

Rutland. 

George E. Fisher C. T. 

I). K. Merrill M.E. 

Shrewsbury. 



Sterling. 

O. Cunningham B. 

S. A Davis Uv. 

Thomas P.Allen ..... C. U. 

Sturbridge. 

David R. Austin C. T. 

A. Smith Lyon B. 

Sutton. 

D. L. B. Goodwin E. 

Hiram A. Tracy C. T. 

J. B Boomer B. 

N. B. Jones B. 

Willard Fuller F. B. 

Uv. 

Templeton. 

Charles Wellington .... C. U. 
Edwin G. Adams {Coll.) . C. U. 
Lewis Sabin C. T. 



N. W. Williams . 
David Sherman . 



C. T. 
M.E. 
Uv. 



Upton. 


. . -D, 


George S. Ball 


. . C. u. 


William Warren . . . . 


. . C. T. 


Dexter Ballard 


. . Ch. 


Uxbridge. 




Samuel Clarke 


. . c u. 


J. J. Abbott 


. . C. T. 


Austin Robbins . . . . 


. . B. 


Society of Quakers. 





CHURCHES AND CLERGYMEN IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



217 



Westboro'. 

C. U. 

D. R. Cady C. T. 

William Brown B. 

West Boylston. 

Joseph W. Cross C. T. 

K. Arvine B. 

Rev. Mr. Coes C. U. 

Webster. 

Lorenzo Carey C. T. 

Joseph Thayer B. 

J. W. Lewis M. E. 

Warren. 

Charles Smith, Jr C. T. 

M. E. Hawes Uv. 

Westminster. 

C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Carpenter . . . . B. 
Uv. 

Winchendon. 

A. P. Marvin C. T. 

John Storrs C. T. 



Andrew Dunn B. 

Philander Wallingford . . . M.E. 
C. U. 

Worcester. 

Edward E. Hale C U. 

Alonzo Hill C. U. 

c. u. 

J. Boyce R. C. 

M. W. Gibson R. C. 

George Allen (Hospital) . C. T. 

Rev. Mr. Bushnell C. T. 

E. Smalley, D. D C. T. 

George P. Smith C. T. 

S. Sweetser C. T. 

Nathaniel Bent E. 

John Jennings B. 

S. B. Swain B. 

Nelson E. Cobleigh ... .M.E. 
Francis E. Griswold .... M.E. 
Alex. Posey ....:... M. 

O. H. Tillotson Uv. 

Friends' Society, cor. of Chat- 
ham and Oxford streets. 



MINISTERS AT LARGE. 

The establishment of the Ministry at Large, in Boston, dates back 
to Nov. 5th, 1826, when Rev. Dr. Joseph Tuckerman entered on the 
duties of what he called " the mission to the poor" in that city ; though 
previous to that time the moral claims of the poor were not entirely 
neglected, but some provision of missionary service had been made 
for them by a society, for their moral and religious instruction. The 
Ministry at Large, in the spirit of Dr. Tuckerman, is adopted in the 
following places in the United States. 
Boston, Warren Street Chapel .... Charles F. Barnard. 

" Pitts Street " .... Samuel H. Winkley. 

" Suffolk Street " . . • . Samuel B. Cruft. 

. . . Andrew Bigelow, D.D. 

Charlestown Oliver Everett. 

Roxbury . James Ritchie. 

Salem John Ball. 

Lowell Horatio Wood. 

Worcester ........... Francis Le Baron. 

Providence, R. I. ....*... . Edwin M. Stone. 

Portland, Me. . • William H. Hadley. 

St. Louis, Mo Robert Hassall. 

19* 



218 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



THE THURSDAY LECTURE. 

This Lecture was commenced by John Cotton, second Pastor of 
the First Church in Boston, in the autumn of 1633, and was at first 
sustained by himself alone. 

Afterwards, by courtesy, it came to be preached by each of the 
ministers of the Boston Association in turn. 

In the year 1845, the Association gave it back into the hands of 
the pastor of the First Church, to whom by right it still belonged. 

By his invitation, the following gentlemen are pledged to assist him 
in sustaining the Lecture. It is preached by them in the order of 
their college graduation. 



Francis Parkman, D. D., Boston. \ 
N. L. Frothingham, D. D , " 
Samuel Barrett, D. D., " 

Ezra S. Gannett, D D., " 

Alexander Young, D. D., " 
Frederic T. Gray, " 

William P. Lunt, D. D., Quincy. 
Samuel K. Lothrop, Boston. 
George Putnam, D. D., Roxbury. 



Nathaniel Hall, Dorchester. 
Cyrus A. Bartol, Boston. 
George E. Ellis, Charlestown. 
Frederic A. Whitney, Brighton. 
Robert C. Waterston, Boston. 
Richard Pike, Dorchester. 
Dexter Clapp, Roxbury. 
Thomas S. King, Boston. 
William R. Alger, Roxbury. 



Ephraim Peabody, D. D., Boston. Frederic N. Knapp, Brookline 



Thomas B. Fox, 

Chandler Robbins, 

John H. Morrison, Milton. 



Grindall Reynolds, Jamai. Plain, 

Roxbury. 
Joshua Young, Boston. 



RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS. 

The number of Religious Associations in Massachusetts, may be 
estimated at about one hundred and thirty. This estimate is made 
np of County or State Associations, and does not include the churches 
or societies of any town. 

The Convention of the Congregational Ministers in the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. 

OFFICERS OF THE CONVENTION. 

Rev. A. C. Thompson, Scribe ; Rev. S. K. Lothrop, Boston, Treas- 
urer ; N. Adams, D. D., First Preacher ; N. L. Frothingham, D, D., 
Second Preacher ; John Woodbridge, D. D., Hadley, Rev. George E. 
Ellis, Charles Lowell, D. D., George Putnam, D. D., Richard S. Storrs, 
D. D., with the Treasurer and Scribe, Central Committee. 

This Association, embraces all the Congregational clergy of the 
Commonwealth, but is vested with no particular authority or control 
over the churches. 



RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS. 219 

Their meeting is held in Boston, on the last Wednesday in May, 
annually, at 5 o'clock, P. M., and the following day. After trans- 
acting the business of the Convention, a sermon is delivered in pub- 
lic before them, and a collection made for the charitable purpose of 
relieving the indigent widows and orphans of Congregational clergy- 
men. 

General Association of Massachusetts. 

Thomas Snell, D. D., Secretary. 

" The Association, by which the General Association of Massachu- 
setts was originally organized, agreed to admit, and this Association 
continues to admit, as articles of faith, the doctrines of Christianity, 
as they are generally expressed in the Assembly's Shorter Cate- 
chism." 

There are, in Massachusetts, twenty-five District Associations. 
Each District Association may appoint two delegates annually, to 
compose the General Association. 

Annual meeting 4th Tuesday of June, at 5 o'clock, P. M., at such 
place as shall have been duly notified. Next meeting at Sandwich. 

Massachusetts Baptist Convention. 

A. J. Bellows, President ; Asa Wilbur, Isaac Davis, M. Shepard, 
Geo. N. Briggs, Geo. Cumraings, D. S. Tyler, Vice-Presidents ; Wm. 
H. Shailer, Secretary; William D. Ticknor, Treasurer; Gardner 
Colby, Auditor. 

Meetings of the Board, on the 1st Wednesdays in August, Novem- 
ber, February, and May, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at places previously 
appointed. 

Meetings of Baptist Associations in 1851. 

Barnstable Association, at Brewster, last Wednesday in August. 

Berkshire " Hinsdale, 2d Wednesday in October. 

Boston, South " Foxbqro', 2d Wednesday in Sept. 

Boston, North " 1st Charlestown, 3d Wednesday in Sept. 

Franklin " Charlemont, 2d Wednesday in Sept. 

Lowell " 1st Wednesday in October. 

Old Colony " N. Bridgewater, 1st Wednesday in Oct. 

Salem " Amesbury, 4th Wednesday in Sept. 

Sturbridge " Ware, last Wednesday in August. 

Taunton " New Bedford, last Wednes. in Sept. 

Wachusett " Leominster, 2d Wednesday in Sept. 

Westfield " Granville, 1st Wednesday in September. 

Wendell " N. Sunderland, 4th Wednes. in Sept. 

Worcester " Pleasant St., Worcester, 1st W. in Oct. 

American Unitarian Association. 

Depository, 111 W.i-iliin^ton street. 

Ezra S. Gannett, D. D., Boston, President ; Stephen Fairbanks, 



220 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Rev. Samuel K. Lothrop, Vice-Presidents ; Rev. Charles Briggs, 
Home Secretary ; Rev. Calvin Lincoln, General Secretary; Henry P. 
Fairbanks, Esq., Treasurer. 

Annual meeting is held on the Tuesday preceding the last Wed- 
nesday of May. There are seven District Unitarian Associations in 
Massachusetts. 

Autumnal Conventions. 

These are meetings of the Unitarian body, held in different parts 
of the country, at the invitation of friends, for the purposes of con- 
ference, discussion, public religious services, and the promotion of 
paternal feelings. They have been held in the following places, 
namely : — 

1842, Oct. 19, at Worcester, Mass. 

1843, " 2, at Providence, R. I. 

1844, " 15, at Albany, N. Y. 

1845, " 22, at New York, N. Y. 

1846, " 20, at Philadelphia, Pa. 

1847, " 19, at Salem, Mass. 

1848, " 17, at New Bedford, Mass. 

1849, " 9, at Portland, Me. 

1850, " 15, at Springfield, Mass. 

Massachusetts Convention of Universalists. 

Rev. F. F. Thayer, Watertown, Standing Clerk : meeting, first 
Wednesday and Thursday in June. 

Universalist Associations in Massachusetts. 

Union. — Meets as the Rev. C. A. Bradley, Dudley, Clerk, ap- 
points. 

Old Colony. — Rev. G-. W. Quimby, Taunton, Standing Clerk : 
meeting, 1st Wednesday and Thursday in September. 

Boston. — Meeting, 1st Wednesday and Thursday in November. 
Rev. E. Fisher, Salem, Clerk. 

Barnstable. — Meets as Rev. S. Barden, Orleans, Standing Clerk, 
appoints. 

Winchester. — Rev. E. Guilford, Ashfield, Standing Clerk: meet- 
ing, 2d Wednesday and Thursday in September. 

Norfolk County Association. — Rev. M. B. Ballou, Stoughton, 
Clerk : meets on the last Wednesday in August. 

American Bible Society. 

Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, LL. D., New York, President : 
Hon. Duncan Cameron, N. C, and twenty-one others, Vice-Presi- 



RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS. 221 

dents : John C. Brigham, D. D., Rev. Joseph Holdieh, D. D. Secreta- 
ries : William Whitlock, Jr., Esq., Treasurer: Joseph Hyde, Esq., 
General Agent and Assistant Treasurer. Meetings of the Board of 
Managers, at the Society's house, No. 115 Nassau Street, New York, 
1st Thursday of eyery month, at 4 1-2, P. M. 

Number of Auxiliary Societies in Massachusetts, 37. During the 
past year, 64 new Auxiliary Societies have been organized in 18 
different States. Amount of receipts from all sources, the year 
ending May, 1850, $284,614 84. Number of Bibles printed the last 
year 205,03 7, and 428,358 New Testaments, making a total of 
633,395 copies; and an aggregate, since the formation of the Society, 
of 2.715,647 Bibles, and 4,264,888 Testaments, or a total sum of 
6,980,535. 

Number of Bible Societies in the World, 69, — with numerous aux- 
iliaries. All these Societies have been formed since 1804. The 
total issue of Bibles and Testaments, by all of them, which have been 
distributed since 1804, is over 33,000,000. 

Massachusetts Bible Society. 

Depository, No. 6 Liberty Square, Boston. 

Simon Greenleaf, LL D., President : Francis Parkman, D. D., 
Vice-President: Rev. George Richards, Boston, Recording Secretary : 
Nathaniel L. Frothingham, D. D., Corresponding Secretary : Geo. R. 
Sampson, Treasurer: Samuel May, Auditor. 

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. 

Incorporated, J812; Missionary House, No. 33 Pemtierton Square. 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, LL. D., President : Thomas S. Williams, 
LL. D., Vice-President : Rufus Anderson, D. D., S. L. Pomroy, D.D. 
S. B. Treat, D.D., Secretaries for Correspondence : Samuel M. Wor- 
cester, D. D., Recording Secretary: Henry Hill, Esq., Treasurer: 
William T. Eustis, John Aiken, Charles Stoddard, John Tappan, N. 
Adams, D. D., Rev. William W. Stone, William J Hubbard, Rev. 
Augustus C. Thompson, Prudential Committee : Moses L. Hale, Sam- 
uel H. Walley, Auditors. 

The donations and legacies during the year to July 31, 1850, have 
amounted to $251,862 28. The expenditures during the year have 
been $254,329 35. 

The Board has twenty-four missions under its care, embracing one 
hundred and six stations, and twenty-eight out-stations. In these 
missions, are one hundred and fifty-seven ordained missionaries, and 
two licensed preachers. Nine of the ordained missionaries have also 
been educated in the healing art, and there are seven physicians who 
are not preachers. Of teachers, printers, etc., there are twenty-five ; 
and of female assistant missionaries, two hundred and four. The 
whole number of the laborers, male and female, sent from this 



222 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

country and now living, is three hundred and ninety-five. The 
number is only thirty more, than it was ten years ago. The number 
sent out from the beginning, is nine hundred and sixty. Six native 
pastors, and twenty-two other native preachers, and ninety-four na- 
tive helpers, make the whole number of native assistants, not includ- 
ing schoolmasters and comparatively uneducated helpers, one hun- 
dred and twenty-two. The whole number of laborers now connected 
with the missions, foreign and native, who depend for their means of 
living and usefulness on the treasury of the Board, is five hundred 
and seventeen. 

The number of churches formed in the missions is eighty-five. 
These contain twenty-five thousand eight hundred and seventy-five 
members in regular standing. The admissions to the churches, by a 
profession of faith, during the year, were one thousand nine hundred 
and sixty-seven ; which is seven hundred and eighty-two more than 
are reported to have been received into the Congregational churches 
of the State of Massachusetts, in the same space of time. In this 
connection it should be stated, that the contributions received by the 
Board from foreign lands, the amount of which is steadily increasing 
from year to year, was $8,249 04 ; and a considerable portion of this 
came from these native mission churches. 

The seminaries for training native preachers and teachers, are 
seven in number, and contain three hundred and thirty-nine pupils ; 
and there are seven hundred and fifty-five pupils, male and female, 
in other boarding-schools. The number of children in free schools 
is twenty-one thousand seven hundred and thirty, about half of 
whom are at the Sandwich Islands, and supported by the Hawaiian 
government. 

Twelve printing establishments are in operation in as many of 
the missions, with seven type and stereotype founderies, and type 
for printing in nearly thirty languages. During the past year, 
37,644,828 pages are reported to have been printed. This swells the 
amount of printing from the beginning, in all the missions, to 819,- 
706,481 pages. 

American Baptist Missionary Union. 

Rooms, corner of Somerset and Howard Streets, Boston. 

George N. Briggs, LL. D., President ; Rev. Solomon Peck, Cor- 
responding Secretary, for the Foreign Department ; Wm. H. Shailer, 
Recording Secretary ; Rev. E. Bright, Jr., Corresponding Secretary, for 
the Home Department ; Richard E. Eddy, Esq., 'Treasurer. 

Whole amount of money received by the above Society, during 
the year, ending March 31, 1850, $104,837 20. The expenditures 
have been $101,447 23. 

The number of Missions in the charge of the Union is 17 ; of 
stations and out-stations, 155, besides more than 150 places for 
stated preaching; of missionaries, 56, — of whom are preachers 52 ; 



RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS. 228 

of female assistant missionaries, 55, with 195 native preachers and 
other assistants. Whole number of laborers, 306. The number of 
churches 141, with more than 12,500 members; and of schools 106, 
with 2,772 pupils. The number of additions to the churches on 
profession of faith, is 1,237; and the number of pages printed, is 
17,814,411. 

Board of Missions of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
Massachusetts. 

Right Rev. Manton Eastburn, D. D., President, ex-officio ; Rev. 
Charles Mason, Jos. H. Clinch, A. L. Baury, Geo. M. Randall, Thos. 
M. Clark, Theo. W. Snow, {Secretary) of the Clergy ; Wm. Ray- 
mond Lee, Amos A. Lawrence, James B. Dow, (Treasurer) of the 
Laity. 



Massachusetts Home Missionary Society. 

Instituted, 1799.— Rooms, No. 28 Comhill. 

Leonard Woods, D. D., President; Rev. Jos. S. Clark, Secretary ; 
Benjamin Perkins, Treasurer. 

This Society is an auxiliary to the American Home Missionary 
Society, New York. The Society has 15 auxiliaries in Massachu- 
setts, and 70 smaller Associations, chiefly organized by the ladies. 
Funds on hand at the opening of the year, $1,543,93. Subsequent 
receipts, $30,885,32. Of this sum, $7,030 have been paid to mis- 
sionaries in Massachusetts ; $1,085,57 for .incidental expenses, and 
$23,000 to the American Home Missionary Society, for disbursement 
out of the State. In addition to this last-named sum, $8,677,96 
has been paid by various individuals and congregations directly 
to that Society, without being included in the receipts of this— 
making the entire receipts from Massachusetts amount to $39,- 
563,28, of which $31,677,96 have ' been disbursed through the 
American Home Missionary Society. 



Massachusetts Evangelical Missionary Society. 

Instituted, 1807. 

Samuel A. Eliot, President; Charles Lowell, D. D., Vice-Presi- 
dent ; Rev. Chandler Robbins, Secretary ; Nathaniel Thayer, Trea- 
surer. 

Society for Promoting Theological Education. 

Founded in 1816. 

James Savage, LL. D, President; Rev. Geo. E. Ellis, Secretary ; 
Geo. B. Emerson, Treasurer. Directors, Samuel May, Esq., Francis 
Parkman, D. D., Ezra S. Gannett, D. D., Alexander Young, D. D., 
Rev. Cyrus A. Bartol, Hon. Stephen C. Phillips. 



224 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, Piety, and Charity 

Established in May, 1805. 
Francis Parkman, D. D., President ; Rev. Samuel Barrett, D. D., 
Vice-President ; Alexander Young, D. D., Secretary ; William T. 
Andrews, Treasurer. Rev. James W. Thompson, D. D., Rev. Wm. 
Newell, Rev. F. A. Whitney, Rev. G. E. Ellis, Rev. F. D. Hunting- 
ton, Trustees. 



Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians and others 
in North America. 

Incorporated, November, 1787. 

Lemuel Shaw, LL. D., President ; Wm. Jenks, D. D., Vice-Presi- 
dent ; Francis Parkman, D. D., Secretary ; Rev. S. K. Lothrop, As- 
sistant Secretary ; Stephen Fairbanks, Treasurer. 

This Society has ten missionaries in its service, at the West, and 
among the Indians. 

Benevolent Fraternity of Churches. 

Rev. Samuel K. Lothrop, President ; Edward Wigglesworth, Sec- 
retary ; Robert Waterston, Prince Hawes, Executive Committee ; 
Benjamin Seaver, Treasurer. 

American Tract Society. 

Organized, 1825.— Depository, 28 Cornhill. 

John Tappan, Esq., President; Hon. Simon Greenleaf, Rt. Rev, 
Manton Eastburn, D. D., Hon. George N. Briggs, Hon. Samuel Wil- 
liston, Jacob Sleeper, Vice-Presidents; George Denny, Treasurer; 
Rev. Seth Bliss, Corresponding Secretary, General Agent, and As- 
sistant Treasurer. 

The Society's total receipts and grants for 25 years, in connection 
■with the total payments shown by the Treasurer's Reports, and an 
estimate of the stock and materials on hand, may furnish data for 
judging whether, at the Society's prices, the total receipts for sales, 
have equalled, or exceeded the total expenditures on account of 
sales. The total receipts above, include $7,6-89 81 received from 
rents, which, added to the donations, makes the 
Total receipts for sales, in 25 years, - - - $1,592,063 99 

Total in donations, including all receipts except 
sales, (the legacies in 25 years, amounting to 
$93,001 35,) - - - - 1,178,974 23 



Total receipts, as above, - - - $2,771,038 22 
The total payments in 25 years, as by the Trea- 
surer's Reports, divided into five classes, have been, 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 225 

for paper, printing, binding, machinery, stereotyp- 
ing, engraving, copy-right, and other expenses for 
manufacturing books, including small payments for 
writing, revising, and purchasing, - $1,693,827 31 

Foreign grants, in cash, as above, (received for 
foreign discount, $239,626 39,) - 343,794 00 

Colportage, (eight years, since 1842, average $36,- 
562 47 a year. — total donations received for colport- 
age, $196,082 83,) 292,499 78 

Depository expenses, insurance, taxes, repairs, 
and all other items, except labor, as below, includ- 
ing balance in Treasury, April 1, 1850, - - - 120,142 98 

Labors of general, travelling, and volume agents, 
(25 years, average $6,984 07 a year,) $174,601 64. 
Labor of secretaries and assistants, depositary, and 
clerks in the Tract House, (25 years, average $5,- 
846 90 a year,) $146,172 51, — total of these two 
classes of labor, (being less than twelve per cent, of 
the total receipts,) 320,774 15 



Total paid, being the whole amount received - $2,771,038 22 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 

MASONIC INSTITUTIONS. 

Officers of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. — Elected Dec. 1850. 

M. W. Edward A. Raymond, Grand Master. 

Rev. G. M. Randall, D. G. M. 
R. W. Thomas M. Vinson, S. G. Warden. 

" ■ J. G. Warden. 

" Thomas Tolman, G. Treasurer. 

" C. W. Moore, Rec. G. Secretary. 

" Rev. Samuel Barrett, Cor. G. Secretary. 

" Rev. Benj. Huntoon, Rev. Thos. R. Lambert, G. Chaplains 

W. John T. Heard, G. Marshal. 

" Abraham F. Low, S. G. Deacon. 

" Lucius R. Paige, J. G. Deacon. 

" Samuel Millard, Asa Woodbury, Merrill Pettingill, Chas. 

" Robbins, G. Stewards. 

Win. D. Coolidge, G. Sword-Bearer. 

" Geo. M. Thatcher, Hamilton Willis, G. Pursuivants. 

" Josiah Baldwin, Tyler. 
20 



226 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

District Deputy Grand Masters. — R. W. Rev. Stephen Lovell, of 
Boston, 1st District; R. W. William Ferson, Gloucester, 2d District; 
R. W. Prentice, Cushing, Lowell, 3d District ; R. W. Jonathan 
Greenwood, Framingham, 4th District ; R. W. Rev. Paul Dean, 
Easton, 5th District ; R. W. Horace Chennery, Worcester, 6th Dis- 
trict ; R. W. L. B. Keith, New Bedford, 7th District ; R. W. J. Stone, 
Provincetown, 8th District ; R. W. Franklin Weston, Dalton, 9th 
District. Special Deputy for Nantucket, William Brown, Nan- 
tucket. 

The regular communications of the Grand Lodge are on the 
evenings of the ?d Wednesday in March, June, September, and De- 
cember. A meeting is also held on the 27th Dec, at 9 o'clock in the 
morning, and continues throughout the day. 

Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Massachusetts. — Officers elected in 
September, 1850. 

M. E. Rev. Benj. Hun toon, G. K P. ; E. Stephen Lovell, D. G. H. 
P.; E. Samuel Millard, G. K; E.Henry Earl, G. S. ; E. Robert 
Keith, G. Treasurer ; E. Thomas Waterman, G. Secretary ; E. Rev. 
Thomas R. Lambert, 0. H. Tillotson, G. Chaplains; John K. 
Hall, George Moulton, G. Stewards ; E. Stephen Lovell, E. Chas. 
Bates, G. Lecturers ; W. R. Davis, John McClellan, Jonathan Emer- 
son, M. of Veils. Comp. Josiah Baldwin, G. Tyler. 

The regular communications of the Grand Chapter are on the 
Tuesday evenings preceding the 2d Wednesday in March, June, 
September, and December. 

Grand Encampment of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. — Officers 
elected October, 1350. 

Meets annually in October. 

Sir John R. Bradford, Boston, Grand Master : Sir James Hutchin- 
son, Providence, D. G. M ; Sir S. W. Robinson, Boston, G. General- 
issimo ; Sir Moses Richardson, Providence, G. C. Gen.; Rev. H. A. 
Wilcox, North Providence, Grand Prelate-; Sir Hugh H. Tuttle, 
Boston, G. S< W. ; Sir Samuel Pearce, Boston, G. J. W. ; Sir Wm. 
Eaton, Boston, G. Treasurer; Sir Calvin Whiting, Boston, G. Re- 
corder ; Sir A. H. Kelsey, Boston, G. Svwrd B. ; Sir Asa W^alker, G. 
Standard B. ; Sir Asa Woodbury, Sutton, G. W. 

Grand Consistory of S. P. R. S. for New England — 32 degrees. — 
Officers elected September, 1850. 

Edward A. Raymond, Boston, G. Com'r in Chief; John Christie, 
Portsmouth, N. H., 1st Lieut. G. Com'r ; Ammi B. Young, Boston, 
2d Lieut. G. Com'r ; Ferdinand E. White, Boston, G. Chan'r ; Charles 
W. Moore, Boston, G. M. C. ; Enoch Hobart, Boston, G. Secretary. 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 227 

Meetings on the 3d Monday in September, December, March, and 
June. In connection with this body, there are in Boston, a Grand 
Chapter of S. P. Rose Croix, H. R. D. M. ; a Grand Council of P. 
of Jer., and a Grand Lodge of Perfection. They all hold their 
meetings at the Temple. 

Officers of Boston Encampment, for 1850-51. 

Sir Daniel Harwood, Grand Commander: Sir Nahum Ball, Gen- 
eralissimo : Sir William W. Baker, Oapt General : Sir Stephen Lov- 
e\\, Prelate: Sir John McClellan, Sen. Warden: Sir Hugh Tuttle, 
Jun. Warden : Sir Ebenezer Smith, Treasurer : Sir Calvin Whiting, 
Recorder : Sir Freeman C. Raymond, Sword-Bearer : Sir Noah 
Butts, Standard- Bearer : Sir Peter C. Jones, Wafder : Sir Joseph 
Ellis, Sir N. Y. Culbertson, Sir Jona. Pierce, Guards : Sir George 
Tucker, Armorer: Sir Wm. C. Martin, Sentinel. 

De Molay Encampment. 

A new Encampment of Knights Templars has just been organized 
in this city, under the above appropriate and eminent historical 
name. It will hold its meetings at the Masonic Temple, regularly, 
on the 4th Wednesday in each month, and the brethren immediately 
interested in its organization and management, hope to make it, in 
discipline and work, equal to any similar body in this country. We 
subjoin a List of its officers, and shall take an early opportunity to 
refer to it again : — 

Sit Edward A. Raymond, M. E. G. Commander : Sir John J. 
Loring, Generalissimo : Sir A. Burnham Young, Captain General : 
Rev. Thomas R. Lambert, Prelate : Sir Albert H. Kelsey, Senior 
Warden : Sir Hamilton Willis, Junior Warden : Sir Moses Kimball, 
Treasurer: Sir Thomas Restieaux., Recorder: Sir Joshua Tucker, 
Sword-Bearer: Sir Gardner Greenleaf Standard-Bear er : Sir Chas. 
Robbins,, Warder: Sir Osgood Eaton, 3d, Sir John C. Robertson, 
2d, Sir William Parkman, 1st, Captains of the Guards: Sir Henry 
G. Clark, Organist : Sir Hugh H. Tuttle, Sentinel : Sir Jonas Chick- 
ering, Sir John Bigelow, Sir William Ward, Sir J. Leander Starr, 
Committee of Finance : Sir Simon W. Robinson, Sir G. Washington 
Warren, Sir John P. Ober, Sir Jos. W. Ward, Sir James Perkins, 
Committee of Charity. 



INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD-FELLOWS. 

Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. — Officers elected in August. 
James M. Usher, Medford, Grand Master : T. Ingraham, R. W. 
D. Grand Master: L. A. Cutler, 12. W. Grand Warden: Alfred 



228 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Mudge, R. W. Grand Secretary: Hezekiah Prince, R. W. Granr? 

Treasurer : William Tozer, R. W. Grand Chaplain : Newell A. 
Thompson, William Ellison, R. W. G. Rppresentatives : J. McClellan, 
Grand Marshal : Samuel L. Bard well, Grand Conductor : Joel Wil- 
der, Grand Guardian. 



Officers of the Grand Encampment of Massachusetts. — Elected in 

August. 

Philip K. Hills, Grand Patriarch : Eliphalet Hills, Grand High 
Priest: John R. Mullen, Grand Senior Warden: Alfred Mudge, 
Grand Scribe: Joseph Newmarch, Grand Treasurer: William M. 
Nassau, Grand Junior Warden : Joseph B. Frost, Jr., Grand Repre- 
sentative : J. F. Locke, Grand Sentinel. 

Office of Grand Lodge, No. 21 School Street, up stairs. 

Number of Lodges (of Odd Fellows) in Mass., June 30, 1850, . .138 
Number of Initiations - - - - - - - 378 

Rejections ---------- 23 

Admitted by Card - - 46 

Withdrawn by Card - -------144 

Reinstated 47 

Suspended ---------- 565 

Expelled 16 

Deaths 57 

Past Grands 1,320 

Contributing Members 10,945 

Total amount of Receipts $28,062 17 

Amount paid for relief of Brothers - 9,214 67 

Ditto burying the Dead - 2,479 00 

For other charitable purposes ----- $1,956 13 

Massachusetts Congregational Charitable Society. 

Incorporated 1786. 

Lemuel Shaw, LL. D., President ; Edward Everett, LL. D., Vice- 
President ; Francis Parkman, D. D., Secretary; James Savage, 
Treasurer. 

Object : To afford relief and support to the widows and children 
of deceased clergymen. 

Society for the Relief of Aged and Destitute Clergymen. 

Instituted, May, 1849. 

Ichabod Nichols, D. D., President ; F. Parkman, D. D., N. L. 
Frothingham, D. D., Vice-Presidents ; Rev. Charles Brooks, Secre- 
tary ; Ephm. Peabody, D. D., Treasurer; James Walker, D. D., 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 



229 



Alvan Lamson, D. D., Samuel Barrett, D. D., and George Putnam, 
D. D., Directors. 

Association for Aged and Indigent Females. 

Their Home, No. 36 Charles Street. 

Henry B. Rogers, President; Moses Grant, Artemas Simonds, 
Daniel Safford, Simon G. Shipley, Vice-Presidents ; Thomas Tarbell, 
Treasurer ; Frederick R. Woodward, Clerk, 



Boston Medical Dispensary. 

Instituted, 1796. 
BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

Nathaniel L. Frothingham, D. D., Chairman ; Samuel May, Pliny 
Cutler, James H. Foster, Uriel Crocker, Ebenezer Chad wick, N. H. 
Emmons, Samuel Bradlee, J. H. Wolcott, Geo. H. Kuhn, Francis 
Parkman, D. D. — William Gray, Secretary ; George T. Bigelow, 
Treasurer ; Jacob Bigelow, M. D., S. D. Townsend, M. D., Consult- 
ing Physicians. 



Robert Greer, - - - 
E. B. Moore, - - - 
Francis Minot, - - - 
Henry W. Williams, - 
George F. Bigelow, - 
E. A. Harlow, - - - 
John C. Sharp, - - 
Luther Parks, Jr., - - 
John C. Dalton, Jr., - 
Edmund T. Eastman, 
M. B. Leonard, - - - 



PHYSICIANS. 

Sigourney Place, - - - 
No. 133 Hanover Street, 
No. 120 Charles Street, - 
No. 10 Essex Street, - - 
No. 425 Washington St., 
No. 97 Essex Street, 
No. 8 Kneeland Street, - 
Suffolk Street (South) - 
No. 20 Kingston St. (North) 



No. 14 Sumner St. (East) 



Wards 1 & 3, 


Ward 2. 


Wards 4, 5, & 


Ward 7. 


Ward 8. 


Ward 9. 


Ward 10. 


Ward 11. 


Ward 11. 


Ward 12. 


East Boston. 



APOTHECARIES. 



Charles K. Whipple, No. 109 Washington Street, up stairs. 
Charles Mead, corner of Turnpike and 4th Streets, South Boston. 
James Kidder, Maverick Square, East Boston. 



Massachusetts Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary. 

Incorporated, 1896.— Charles Street, near Cambridge Street. 

Robert G. Shaw, President; James Lawrence, Secretary; J. W. 
Edmands, Treasurer; Edward Reynolds, M. D., R. W. Hooper, 
M. D., G. A. Bethune, M. D., Surgeons. 

Since the foundation of this most useful Institution, more than 
25,000 patients have been relieved by its beneficence. 
20* 



230 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

The fiscal, like the medical history of the Infirmary, is a subject 
worthy of a moment's notice, as an illustration of the character and 
results of the Institution. Commencing in 1826, with the small fund 
of $2,700, and $300 in annual subscriptions, the property gradually 
accumulated without any especial effort on the part of the managers, 
until, in 1836, it amounted to $16,000 ; in 1838, to $31,079 ; in 
1842, to $33,476; in 1844, to $38,283; in 1845, $43,379; and in 
1846, to more than 50,000 ; since which period, by the liberality of 
the Legislature, and the citizens of Boston, it has still farther in- 
creased, till it now amounts to $97,286. Of this sum, $70,000 is 
invested in real estate, leaving a balance only of $27,286 in avail- 
able funds. And yet, from the year 1829, no appeal in behalf of 
the funds has ever been made to the public. With the exception of 
the sums presented by the State and City for the new building, all 
its funds have flowed to it in the form of voluntary donations from 
private individuals. — From Dr. Reynold's Address, delivered at the 
Dedication of the Neio Building, July 3, 1850. 



Massachusetts Cftaritable Mechanic Association. 

Instituted 1795. 

Henry N. Hooper, President; Billings Briggs, Vice-President; F. 
H. Stimpson, Secretary ; Osmyn Brewster, Treasurer. 



Howard Benevolent Society. 

Instituted, J812 

Moses Grant, President; Artemas Simonds, Secretary ; Thomas 
Tarbell, Treasurer. 

Standing Committee, according to the old division of Wards. 

Thomas Hollis, - - - - Ward 1, 30 Union. 

B. F. Whittemore, - - - " 2, Hanover, opposite Tileston. 

Thomas Thwing, - - - - " 3, Salem street court. 

S. G. Shipley, A. A. Wellington, " 4, Union and Webster. 

P. Adams & Rev. L. Caswell, " 5, 127 Cambridge & 36 Leverett 

Andrew Cushing, - - - - " 6, 38 Myrtle. 

Thomas Tarbell, - - - - " 7, 11 Avon place. 

J. W. Warren, Jr., - - - " 8, 10 Channing. 

D. T Coit, " 9, 12 High. 

Rev. Charles F. Barnard, - " 10, 5 Warren. 

Rev. S. B. Cruft, - - - - " 11, Suffolk, corner of Newton. 

Alvan Simonds, - - - - " 12, Turnpike st., South Boston. 

According to the 38th Annual Report, (1850,) the Committee 
expended, for the relief of the poor the last year, the sum of $4,- 
235,62. 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 231 



Massachusetts Charitable Fire Society. 

Incorporated, 1794. 

Adam W. Thaxter, President ; Wm. T. Andrews, Vice-President; 
S. F. McCleary, Corresponding Secretary ; Enoch Hobart, Recording 
Secretary ; Solomon Hovey, Treasurer. 

This Society pays for three beds at the Massachusetts General 
Hospital. 

The Humane Society of Massachusetts. 

Instituted, 1786. 

Francis Parkman, D. D., President : Robert G. Shaw, Daniel P. 
Parker, Vice-Presidents : John Homans, M. D., Corresponding Secre- 
tary : Samuel Hooper, Recording Secretary : John L. Gardner, 
Treasurer. 

Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts. 

Organized, 1783. 

Robert G. Shaw, President: James Lovell, Vice-President : Thomas 
Jackson, Secretary: Wm. Perkins, Treasurer: John Bryant, Vice- 
Treasurer : Adams Bailey, Recorder : H. A. S. Dearborn, Charles 
S. Davies, Elijah Vose, A. L. Baury, Seth Drew, John Hemans, H. 
K. Hancock, E. T. Hastings, Zibeon Hooker, Lovett Peters, Thomas 
Seward, James W. Sever, Committee. 

Annual Meeting of the Society, July 4th ; of the Standing Com- 
mittee, on the first Wednesday of November. 

The funds of this Society are about $32,000. 

Boston Benefit Society. 

John Slade, President: R. B. Lincoln, Secretary : James Knott, 
Jr., Treasurer. 

Young Men's Benevolent Society. 

George S. Hillard, President : Wm. Appleton, Jr., Vice-President : 
George A. Brown, Secretary : F. W. Lincoln, Jr., Treasurer. 



Committee. 



Lyman B. Meston Ward 1. 

J. G. W. Joy Ward 2. 

Emery Souther Ward 3. 

Henry Wenzell. ..... .Ward 4. 

Th. Gaffield Wards. 

Asahel Boy den Ward 6. 



S.K.Whipple Ward 7. 

Geo. F. Bigelow, M. D., Ward 8. 

R. L. Merriam Ward 9. 

B. S. Codman, M. D.,. .Ward 10. 

Rev. J. T. Sargent Ward 11. 

Luther Parks, M. D.,. .Ward 12. 



232 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

British Charitable Society. 

Founded in 1816. 

Peter Wainwright, President : James Knott, Jr., Vice-President : 
George Greig, Secretary: John Bacon, Treasurer. 

The object of this Society is to afford aid and relief to unfortunate 
English and Scotch emigrants, their immediate descendants and 
families, residing within this Commonwealth, and to afford them 
information and advice. 

Scotts' Charitable Society. 

Wm. Schouler, President; , Vice-President; William 

Bogle, Treasurer; John Patterson, Secretary ; Jno. Patterson, Wm. 
J. McPherson, Alexander McGregor, Jno. Taylor, P. Lawson, Dra- 
cut, Trustees. 

Irish Emigrant Society. 

Patrick Donahoe, President; D. W. O'Brien, Vice-President; 
Michael Gallagher, 2c? Vice-President ; J. O. H. Cantillon, 3d Vice- 
President; Arthur Mc A voy, Treasurer; John Tighe, Corresponding 
Secretary ; Philip S. Taggart, Rec. Secretary. 

Irish Charitable Society. 

John Kelly, President ; Patrick Denvir, Vice-President ; James 
Quio-ley, Treasurer : Daniel Crowley, Keeper of the Silver Key ; E. 
A. Palmer, Secretary. 

Boston Fatherless and Widows' Society. 
Mrs. James F. Baldwin, President ; Mrs. Wm. Reynolds, Treasurer. 

Franklin Typographical Society. 

Of Boston, and the adjacent cities. — Incorporated, 1825. 

A. H. Goodridge, President ; George B. Watson, Vice-President ; 
S. T. Damon, Secretary ; Thomas J. Lillie, Treasurer ; C. G. Esta- 
brooks, Librarian. 

Object, mutual relief. Initiation-fee, $3. Assessments, $3 a year. 
Amount available to any one member, $100. Has a fund of $800, at 
interest, and a Library of more than 500 volumes. Meetings, on the 
first Saturday evening of each month. 

Boston Female Orphan Asylum. 

Mrs. William Prescott, First Directress ; Mrs. Chas. Tracy, Second 
Directress ; Mrs. Thomas B. Wales, Secretary ; Miss Mary Otis, 
Treasurer. 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 233 

Children Friends' Society. 

Mrs. Thomas Baldwin, President; Mrs. T. P. Cushing, Secretary ; 
Mrs. Lewis Lerow, Treasurer. 

St. Vincent De Paul's Female Orphan Asylum. 

No. 40 Purchase Street. 

Orphans, 43 ; Sisters of Charity, 6 ; number of Scholars at Day 
School, 280. 

The gross receipts of the Catholic Fair (according to the Courier) 
recently held in Faneuil Hall, for the benefit of the St. Vincent de 
Paul Orphan Asylum, were 83,775,93. After deducting $275,02 for 
expenses, the directors have the handsome sum of $3,500,96 in their 
hands, which is to be expended in paying off the old debt (about $1,200) 
and supporting the Institution. We understand that a wealthy Catho- 
lic gentleman of this city intimated to the Sisters of Charity, that, if 
$3,000 were realized by the Fair, he would make a donation of $5,000 
towards the purchase of the building adjoining the Asylum, with a view 
of enlarging its capacity to do good. 

Boston Charitable Association of Master Tailors. 

James Tolman, President ; J. H. Brookhouse, Secretary : William 
H. Kelley, Treasurer. 

The Orphan's Home, New Bedford. 

Mrs. Wm. R. Rotch, 1st Directress ; Miss Deborah Sturtevant, 2d 
Directress : Mrs. Hannah G. Gerrish, Secretary : Mrs. Eliza Barney, 
Treasurer. 

Salem Charitable Mechanic Association. 

Organized, Oct. 1, 18 L7.— Incorporated, June 4, 1822. 

Albert G. Browne, President} E. M. Dalton, Secretary; John 
Chapman, Treasurer. 

This Association consists of regular apprenticed mechanics, and of 
manufacturers, citizens of the city of Salem and vicinity. Number 
of members, about 400. 

Salem Dispensary. 

Organized, Feb. 1820.— Incorporated, Feb. 1831. 

Daniel A. White, President: Henry Whipple, Secretary and 
Treasurer. 

The object of this Institution is the relief of the poor, by affording 
medicines and medical advice gratuitously. 



234 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Massachusetts Colonization Society. 

Simon Greenleaf, LL. D., President : Leonard Woods, D. D., and 
seven others, Vice-Presidents : Rev. Joseph Tracy, Boston, Secretary, 
Agent, and Treasurer. 

Society for Prevention of Pauperism. 

Moses Grant, President : Thomas Tarbell, Chas. F. Barnard, Vice- 
Presidents : F. R. Woodward, Secretary and Agent : Artemas Simonds, 
Treasurer. 

Boston Employment Society. 

Walter Channing, M. D., President; B.B.Mussey, Esq., Treasurer: 
Rev. T. H. Pons, Secretary. 



ASSOCIATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS OP REFORM. 

State Reform School, Wesiborough. 

Trustees, George Denny, Westboro' ; Otis Adams, Grafton ; Wm. 
Livingston, Lowell ; Samuel Williston, Easthampton ; Thomas A. 
Greene, New Bedford ; J. R. Gibbs, Lanesboro' ; William T. An- 
drews, Boston. 

This Institution is for Boys under the age of 16 years. It was de- 
signed to accommodate 300. The average number the past year has 
been about 315. The late Dr.Peirce said, that " it was the only in- 
stitution of the kind in the world," meaning, for one sex, of a given 
age, supported wholly by Government. The cost of the land, build- 
ings, and furniture, has been about $102,000. The State has 
expended about $100,000. The late Theodore Lyman gave $72,500, 
seventy thousand dollars of which constitutes the " Lyman Fund," 
the income of which only is expended. 

New England Non-Resistance Society. 

Adin Ballou, Mass., President : one Vice-President in each N. E. 
State : H. C. Wright, Corresponding Secretary : Wm. H. Fish, Re- 
cording Secretary : Charles K. Whipple, Treasurer. 

American Peace Society. 

Organized, 1828. 
William Jay, President: twenty-seven Vice-Presidents : William C. 
Brown, Recording Secretary : Rev. Geo. C. Beckwith, Corresponding 
Secretary. % 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 235 



Massachusetts Anti- Slavery Society. 

Francis Jackson, President : Edmund Quincy, Corresponding Sec- 
retary : R. A. Wallcutt, Recording Secretary : Samuel May, Jr., 
General Agent. 

There are eight Anti-Slavery Societies, auxiliary to the State Soci- 
ety, in Barnstable, Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, and 
Worcester Counties. In addition to these, 17 have been returned to us 
by different towns, mostly organized by the ladies. 

Prison Discipline Society. 



Sam'l A. Eliot, President : Rev. Louis Dwight, Secretary 
, Treasurer. 



Prisoners' Friend Association. 

No. 11 Cornhill. 

Frank B. Fay, President : A. G. Farwell, Recording Secretary : 
Samuel Hall, Jr., Treasurer. 

Massachusetts Society for Abolition of Capital Punishment. 

Robert Rantoul, Jr., President : eleven Vice-Presidents : Walter 
Channing, M. D., Charles Spear, Secretaries. 

Penitent Females 9 Refuge. 
James C. Dunn, President : Wm. Davenport, Secretary. 

Society for Aiding Discharged Convicts. 

Walter Channing, M. D., President : Samuel G. Howe, M. D., 
Vice-President: John W.Brown, Secretary: J. A. Andrew, Treasurer: 
A. C. Taft, General Agent. 



MAHINE 

AND CHARITABLE SOCIETIES FOR THE RELIEF AND IMPROVE- 
MENT OF SEAMEN. 

Boston Marine Society. 

Capt. Rob't B. Storer, President : Capt. J. S. Sleeper, Vice-Presi- 
dent: Capt. Rob't B. Edes, Secretary : Thos. Lamb, Esq., Treasurer ; 
Captains Jairus Beal, C. W. Apthorp, John Williams, Henry K. K. 



236 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Loring, E. E. Davison, Willis Howes, Ezra H. Baker, Osborn Howes, 
Eben'r Davis, Trustees : Captains I. M. Atkins, Jairus B. Lincoln, 
Henry K. Loring, Willis Howes, John Williams, Committee of Relief : 
Captains Rob't B. Edes, Isaiah M. Atkins,Willis Howes, Port Wardens. 

Salem Marine Society. 

Incorporated, 1771. 

Benjamin Upton, Master : Edward Barnard, Clerk : James Upton, 
Treasurer. 

Boston Seamen's Friend Society. 



President : F. A. Benson, Secretary : Thomas 



D. Quincy, Treasurer. 

Boston Port Society. 

Albert Fearing, President : J. A. Andrew, Secretary : Charles 
Henry Parker, Treasurer : Albert Fearing, Benjamin Seaver, N. A. 
Barrett, Nathan Foster, Benjamin Thaxter, Eliphalet Baker, William 
Perkins, Richard Soule, Henry Lee, Jr., Thomas Wigglesworth, John 
S. Sleeper, James Lawrence, Edmund Dwight, Jr., Charles Henry 
Parker, John Albion Andrew, Board of Managers. 

Seamen's Aid Society. 

Mrs. Albert Fearing, President; Miss Mary Bass, Secretary: Miss 
Emily J. Andrews, Treasurer. 

Salem East India Marine Society. 

Founded, 1799.— Incorporated, 1801. 

Charles M. Endicott, President ; Thomas Saul, Secretary ; G-. D. 
Phippen, Sup. Museum; N. Griffin, Treasurer. 

This Society is composed of persons who have actually navigated 
the seas beyond the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Horn, as masters or 
supercargoes of vessels, belonging to Salem. 

Its objects are — First, to assist the needy widows and children of 
deceased members. Second, to collect such facts as tend to the im- 
provement of navigation. Third, to form a Museum of Natural and 
Artificial curiosities ; particularly such as are to be found beyond 
the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Horn. The Museum and Library 
of the Institution are quite valuable. 

There are several other Associations, whose objects are entirely 
for the moral improvement and relief of seamen and their families in 
Salem, New Bedford, and in other places ; but we have received no 
particular or recent account of them. 



TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. 237 



TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. 



Sons of Temperance in Boston. 

The Annual Session of the Grand Division of Massachusetts is held 
in Boston on the third Wednesday of October. Quarter Sessions, 
location at pleasure, on the third Wednesday of January, April, and 
July. H. W. Swett, Grand Scribe. Office, Phillips Place. 

Subordinate Divisions. — Washington, "No. 1, Monday, 22 Bromfield 
Street, Boston- Excelsior, No. 16, Saturday, 22 Bromfield St. North 
Star, No. 23, Friday, 32 Washington st. Mount Horeb, No. 25, 
Friday, Washington Hall, East Boston. Old Bay State, No. 32, 
Thursday, 339 Washington st. Shakspeare, No. 46, Saturday, Co- 
chituate Hall. American, No. 76, Tuesday, 339 Washington st 
Suffolk, No. 84, Monday, corner of Suffolk and Canton streets. 
Massachusetts, No. 71, Thursday, No. 22 Bromfield st. 

Temples of Honor. 

Grand Temple meets quarterly, in May, August, November, and 
February. Luke P. Lincoln, G. W. R. 

Trimount Temple, No. 1, 1st and 3d Friday, at 22 Bromfield st, 
Washington Temple, No. 4, Thursday, at 32 Washington st. 

Crusaders of Temperance. 

Cochituate Brotherhood, No. 1, Tuesday, at Cochituate Hall. 

Rechabites. 

Names of Tents and Places of Meeting. — Covenant, No. 1, Tuesday, 
Stacy Hall, Bromfield st. United Brothers, No. — , Wednesday, 22 
Bromfield Street. Massasoit, No. 38, Friday, East Boston. 

Massachusetts Temperance Society. 

John C. Warren, M. D., President ; Stephen Fairbanks, Vice-Presi- 
dent ; Walter Channing, M. D., Secretary ; Moses Grant, Treasurer. 

Massachusetts Temperance Union. 

Ebenezer Alden, M. D., President ; Loring Norcross, Secretary. 

Fort Hill Total Abstinence Society. 

H. H. Brown, President. Meetings every Sunday evening, at 
Temperance Hall, Purchase street, opposite head of Pearl street. 
21 



238 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

North Mnd Total Abstinence Society. 

David Porter, President. Meetings every Monday evening at the 
Bethel, corner of Commercial and Lewis streets. 

Washington Total Abstinence Society. 

William R. Stacy, President ; George B. Proctor, Secretary : E. S. 
Price, Corresponding Secretary ; D. S. Tarr, Treasurer. 

Meetings every Sunday and Wednesday evenings, at Washingto- 
nian Hall. Business meetings, first Friday in every month. 

Young Men's Total Abstinence Society. 

Jarvis A. Ames, President ; Geo. W. Woodward, Recording Secre- 
tary ; Samuel A. B. Bragg, Corresponding Secretary ; F. H. McLellan, 
Treasurer. 



BUSINESS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

We had intended to give an extended chapter on the business 
operations of the country during the past year, but the variety of 
matter sent us for insertion has been such as to preclude all articles 
of comment of much length. 

The number of failures from January, 1850, to January, 1851, 
returned to the office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, by the 
Commissioners of Insolvency, is 372, a smaller number than usual. 

That the trade of the Metropolis is steadily advancing, and that 
our intelligent builders and merchants have confidence in the future, 
may be seen from the substantial and outward evidences of prosper- 
ity displayed by the tasteful Architects of the city in the erection of 
splendid stores. But few cities can boast of finer warehouses than 
may be found in Milk and Pearl streets ; and when we are assured 
that the trade of Boston is amply sufficient to warrant such expend- 
itures to the Artist and Mechanic, — such contributions to good taste, 
the act of noticing such structures becomes both a pleasure and a 
duty. But for real elegance of finish, we must invite our readers to 
visit the beautiful stores of Summer street, erected by the Hon. J. C. 
Gray, and J. P. Thorndike, Esq. On the corner of Washington and 
Summer streets we find the splendid and extensive Jewelry Estab- 
lishment of Messrs. Jones, Ball, & Poor. 

To use the language of an intelligent editor : " Entering on 
Washington street, those who have good eyes cast them down a 
distance of 125 feet — a glittering vista of immense mirrors, and 
gold and silver, and precious ornaments. Under a superb ceiling of 
fresco, laid off in squares and lines, and supported on carved corbels, 



BUSINESS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 239 

the visitor passes between marble counters, bearing elegant glass 
cases for retail trade, to the rear of the store, which is intended for 
the wholesale business. Here the width is 67 feet by 32, while the 
front is but 28 feet wide. We could not describe in a column all the 
luxuries that dazzle the eyes in a night view of the interior of this 
palace." 

A visit to such an establishment may be made the source of 
instruction to the professional man, who wishes to study the mani- 
festations of constructiveness of the people of all civilized nations, 
as well as of profit to the business man who goes to make purchases. 

On the other side of Summer street, nearly opposite the store of 
Messrs. Jones, Ball, & Poor, may be seen the superb granite building 
recently erected by John P. Thorndike & Son, the first story and 
basement of which was planned for Messrs. Chandler & Co., 
dealers in Dry Goods. This warehouse is one of the most imposing 
and finished buildings in our city. It is 60 feet front by 150 in 
depth. The principal entrance is in the centre of the front, by two 
doors, all of glass, excepting a slight frame, on each side of which 
is a magnificent window nineteen feet in length, set with five panes 
of glass, twelve feet seven inches in height, the largest ever im- 
ported for windows. The ceiling is sixteen feet from the floor, 
frescoed by Whittaker, in the most chaste and artistic style. 

We notice the above establishments with pleasure, knowing, as we 
do that, while their prosperous conductors and proprietors are doing 
liberally their part to add to the many refinements and inducements 
of our good city, they enjoy a wide reputation for undeviating 
uprightness in all their dealings, and for those many acts of courtesy 
to their customers which render the business of trading rather a 
pleasure than a toil. 

The extent of business with California may be inferred, in some 
degree, from the following Table of Clearances, which we copy from 
the Boston Traveller : — 

The whole number of clearances in the United States for Califor- 
nia, from Jan. 1, 1850, to Jan. 1, 1851, are 561, viz. — at 

Boston 1 70 j Bucksport 3 

New York 181 j Searsport 2 

Baltimore 44 ! Providence 2 

Philadelphia 40 I Portsmouth 2 

New Orleans 31 j Belfast 2 

Salem 15 I Newburyport 

New London 1 1 i Rockland 



Charleston, S- C. 11 

New Bedford 10 

Bath 7 

Wilmington 5 

Portland 5 

Savannah 4 

Sag Harbor 4 

Holmes' Hole 3 



Edgartown . . 
Wiscasset 
Beaufort N. C. 
Frankfort, Me. . 

Mobile 

Gloucester 
Bristol, R. I.... 



561 



240 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

Aggregate of the Abstract exhibiting the Condition of the Banks 
in Massachusetts on the first Saturday of September, 1850 ; pre- 
pared from Official Returns, by William B. Calhoun, Esq., 
Secretary of the Commonwealth. 



DUE FROM THE BANKS. 



30 Banks in 
Boston. 



97 Banks out 
of Boston. 



Total— 126 
Banks. 



Capital Stock paid in $20,861,000 00 $16,064,050 00 $36,925,050 00 

Bills in circulation o.f five dol 

5,433,164 00 



lars and upwards, 

Bills in circulation less than 

five dollars, J 

Net Profits on hand, I 

Balances due to other Banks, 
Cash deposited, including all 
sums whatsoever due from 
the Banks not bearing in- 
terest, its bills in circula- 
tion, profits and balances 
due to other Banks ex- 
cepted, 

Cash deposited on interest,. . 

Total amount due from the 

Banks, 



RESOURCES OF THE BANKS. 

•Gold, silver, and other coined 
metals, 

Heal Estate, 

Bills of Banks in Mass 

Bills of Banks elsewhere, . . . 

Balances due from other 
, Banks, 

Amount of all debts due, in- 
cluding Notes, Bills of Ex- 
change, and all Stocks and 
Funded Debts of every de- 
scription excepting the Bal 
ances due from otherBanks 

Total amount of Resources, . . 

Amount of Dividends since 
the last Annual Returns 

Reserved Profits at the time of 
declaring the last Dividend 

Debts due to each Bank, se- 
cured by pledge of its Stock 

Amount of Debts due and 
unpaid, and doubtful, . . . 



8,551,789 00 13,984,953 00 



858,083 00 
2,937,754 14 
6,323 778 84 



7,350,799 30 
288,750 54 

44,053,329 82 



2,257,560 07 
586.563 61 

3,353,726 17 
285.901 00 

2,188,618 00 



35,375.960 97 
44,053,329 82J 

766,050 00| 

1,841,138 49j 

187,292 00 
28.188 69 



2,162,790 25 

1,689.905 45j 

226,150 69 



3,826,028 29 
153,334 14 



3,020.873 25 
4,627,659 59 
6,549,929 53 



11,176,827 59 
442,0S4 68 



32,674,047 82 76,727,377 64 



735,618 22 2,993,178 29 

401,672 32! 988,235 93 

357,122 49, 3,715,848 66 

46,772 28' 332,673 28 

I 

3,146,385 56 5,335,003 56 



27,954,063 60 
32,641,634 47 



63,330.024 57 
76,694,964 29 



606,260 00| 1,372,310 001 
1,006,148 53; 2,847,287 02! 



286,646 33 473,938 33 
165,199 831 193.388 52 



Average Dividends of twenty-eight Banks in Boston, in April, 1850, a fraction over 

3 88-100 per cent. 

Average Dividends of ninety Banks out of Boston, April, 1850, a fraction less than 

4 9-100 per cent. 

Average Dividends of the above one hundred and eight Banks, in and out of Boston, 
Ml April, 1850, a fraction over 3 97-100 per cent. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



241 



ANNUAL DIVIDENDS. — BOSTON BANKS. 

The annual dividends paid by the Boston Banks, from 1840 to 
1850, were published in the last Record. The following Table 
exhibits the dividends paid in 1850. 



Banks. 



Capital. 



Dividend. 



Amount. 



Atlantic, . 

Atlas, 

Bank of North America, 

Bank of Commerce, 

Boston, 

Boylston, 

City, 

Columbian, 

Cochituate, .... 

Eagle, 

Exchange. 

Freeman's, 

Globe, 

Granite, 

Grocers', 

Hamilton, 

Market, 

Massachusetts,. 

Mechanics , 

Merchants',. . . . 

New England,. 

North, 

Shawmut, 

Shoe and Leather Dealers',. . . 

State, 

Suffolk, 

Traders',.... 
Tremont,.. . . 

Union, 

Washington, 



$ 500,000 
500,000 
500,000 
750.000 
900,000 
200,000 

1,000.000 
500,000 
150.000 
500,000 
500,000 
250,000 

1,000,000 
500,000 
250.000 
500,000 
560.000 
800,000 
1 50,000 

3,000,000 

1,000,000 
750.000 
500000 I 
750,000 | 

1,800,000 I 

1^00,000 ! 

400,000 j 

500,000 ! 

i 1,000,000 i 

500,000 I 

j $21,210,000 | 



8 per cent. 
7 

(new) 

(new) 
8 per cent. 
9 
7 
7 
7 
7 



84 

7 
10 

8 



$ 40,000 
35,000 



72,000 
18,000 
70,000 
35,000 
10,000 
35,000 
40.000 
22,500 
80,000 
35,000 
20.000 
35 000 
56,000 
48,000 

* 10,800 

240,000 

80,000 

52,500 

40,000 

63,750 

126,000 

100,000 

32,000 

40,000 

t 67,000 
30,000 



$1,534,050 



* The capital of the Mechanics' Bank was increased, after the payment of 
the April dividend, from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars. The April dividend of 4 per cent, amounted to $4,800. 
October dividend of 4 per cent., $ 6,000. 

t The capital of the Union Bank was increased, in May, from eight hun- 
dred thousand to one million dollars. The April dividend of 4 per cent, 
amounted to $32,000. October dividend of 4 per cent., $ 35,000. 

The average dividends of the above-named banks, paid in 1850, was 7| 
per cent. 

21* 



242 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



COUNTRY BANKS. 

The following Table exhibits the annual dividends, paid in 1850, 
by thirty-one Massachusetts Banks, located out of Boston, and the 
amounts of capital of said Banks. There were, in 1850, one hundred 
and thirty banks in operation, in the State, — thirty in, and one 
hundred out of, Boston. Total amount of capital, $37,015,000. 

Four new country banks were established during the year, viz : — 
Tradesman's Bank, Chelsea, capital $150,000. Prescott Bank, 
Lowell, capital $100,000. Worcester County Bank, Blackstone, 
capital $100,000. John Hancock Bank, Springfield, capital $50,000. 



Banks. 



Location. 



Capital. Dividends 



Amount. 



Lowell, 

Cambridge, 

Holyoke, 

Northampton, 

Taunton 

Barnstable, 

Franklin County, 

Gloucester, 

Mechanics' 

Waltham, 

Agawam, 

Appleton, 

Chicopee, 

Citizens', 

Commercial. 

Dedham, 

Hampshire Manufacturers', 

Lancaster, ■ 

Railroad, 

Randolph, 

Village, 

Cabot, 

Asiatic, 

Central, 

Merchants, 

Naumkeag, 

Springfield, 

Exchange, 

Danvers 

Mercantile, 

Salem 



Lowell, 

Cambridge, . . 
Northampton, 



Taunton, 
Yarmouth,. . 
Greenfield,. . 
Gloucester, . 
Worcester, . . 
Waltham j. . . 
Springfield, . 

Lowell, 

Springfield, . 
Worcester,. . 

Salem. 

Dedham, . . . 

Ware, 

Lancaster, . . 

Lowell 

Randolph, . . 
Danvers, . . . 
Cabotville, . 

Salem, 

Worcester,. . 
Salem, 



Springfield, 
Salem, 
Danvers, . . 
Salem, 



$200,000 
100,000 
100.000 
200,000 
200.000 
200,000 
100 000 
200,000 
100.000 
100,000 
200,000 
200,000 
300,000 
150,000 
200.000 
200,000 
200,000 
125,000 
600,000 
150,000 
120,000 
1 50,000 
200,000 
150,000 
200,000 
500,000 
250.000 
200.000 
150.000 
200,000 
250,000 



$6,195,000 



10 per 
H 
9 

9 
9 

8^ 
Si 
3^ 

H 

8 



$20,000 

9,500 

9,000 

18,000 

18,000 

17,000 

8.500 

17,000 

8,500 

8,500 

16,000 

16,000i 

24,000 

12,000 

16,000 

16,000 

16,000 

10,000 

4.8,000 

12.000 

9.600 

11,250 

14,000 

10,500 

14,000 

35,000; 

17,500J 

13,5001 

9.000 



12.000 



15,0001 

$481, "350 i 



The average dividends of the above-named thirty-one banks, paid 
in 1850, was 7 7-8 per cent. 



RAILROAD STATISTICS. 243 



STATISTICS OP MASSACHUSETTS RAILROADS 
AND BANKS. 

Prepared for the State Record, by George A. Foxcroft. 
RAILROADS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 

In the Record for 1850, statistics were given of the operations, for 
six years, ending December 31, 1848, of the several railroads within 
the limits of this State, and of those running from Massachusetts, 
but terminating in the adjoining States. It is proposed to continue 
these tables, from year to year. 

The item of interest, in some of the Legislative reports, is included 
in the expenditures for working the roads ; in the following tables, it 
has been deducted, as not properly chargeable to actual running 
expenses. 

Boston and Lowell Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1830. Opened in 1835. Length, 26 miles. 
Double track. Cost, January 1, 1849, $2,013,600. January 1, 
1850, $1,945,650. Decrease, (caused by re-valuation of the fixed 
property of the Road,) $67,950. Decrease of net income in 1849, 
compared with 1848, $39,239. Par value of shares, $500. Market 
value, January 1, 1850, $556. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . . $179,789 6Q 

" " " Freight, 230,174 86 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 6,523 48 

Total Income, 416,488 00 

Running Expenses, 260,903 67 

Net Earnings, 155,584 33 

Dividends, 8 per cent, 145,200 00 

Interest, 5,383 82 

150,583 82 
Surplus, 5,000 51 

A dividend of 8 per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of 
passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 593,830. No passenger re- 
ceived injury. Two employees were killed. Three persons were 
rnn over and killed, while walking on the track. 

Boston and Worcester Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1831. Opened in 1835. Length 68 miles, in- 
cluding branches. Length of double track, 44 miles. Cost, Jan- 
uary 1, 1849, $4,650,400. January 1, 1850, $4,908,300. Increase, 



244 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

$257,900. Decrease of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, 
$36,557. Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, 
$93. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . .$330,606 35 

" « « Freight, 331,338 01 

" « " Mails, Rents, etc. 41,416 79 

Total income, 703,361 15 

Running Expenses, 405,551 45 

Net Earnings, 297,809 70 

Dividends, 6 per cent 270,000 00 

Interest, 23,891 90 293,891 90 

Surplus, 3,917 80 

A dividend of 6^ per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of 
passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 959,560. No passenger was 
fatally injured. Three employees were killed. Six persons were run 
over and killed, while walking or sleeping on the track. 

Boston and Providence Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1831. Opened in 1835. Length 53 miles, in- 
cluding branches. Length of double track, 16 miles. Cost, Jan. 
1, 1849, $3,031,100. January 1, 1850, $3,370,270. Increase, $339,- 
170. Increase of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, $18,563. 
Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $88. 
Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . .$225,639 85 

" " " Freight, 119,441 91 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 9,249 84 

Total Income, 354,331 60 

Running expenses, 163,681 56 

Net Earnings, 190,650 04 

Dividends, 6 per cent 189,600 00 

Interest, 6,223 82 195,823 82 

A dividend of 5£ per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of 
passengers carried in the cars, in 1849, 573,360. No passenger was 
fatally injured. Two employees were killed. Two persons were 
run over and killed, while walking on the track, and one by collision 
at a crossing. 

Norwich and Worcester Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1832. Opened in 1839. Length, 66 miles. Cost, 
January 1, 1849, $2,187,800. January 1, 1850, $2,095,500. De- 



RAILROAD STATISTICS. 245 

crease, caused by sales of surplus lands belonging to the Company, 
$92,300. Increase net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, $34,374. 
Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $36. 
Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . .$104,398 48 

« " " Freight, 114,144 95 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 17,654 18 

Total Income, 236,197 61 

Running Expenses, 114,868 67 

Net Earnings, 121,328 94 

Dividends, none. 

Interest, , 44,792 51 44,792 51 

Surplus, 76,536 43 

This Company has paid but two dividends, each of 3 per cent., 
since it went into operation, — one in 1844, and one in 1845. Num- 
ber of passengers carried in the cars in 1849,172,000. One pas- 
senger (supposed to be intoxicated) fell from a second-class car, and 
was killed. One employee was killed, by coming in contact with a 
bridge. 

Western Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1833. Opened October 4, 1841. Length, 156 
miles. Length of double track, 53 miles. Cost, January 1, 1849, 
$9,900,000. January 1, 1850, $9,926,950. Increase, $26,950. In- 
crease of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848,875,776. Par 
value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $101f . 
Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . .$561,575 25 

" " " Freight, 745,393 81 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 36,841 51 

Total Income, 1,343,810 57 

Running Expenses,. . ... 588,322 58 

Net Earnings, 755,487 99 

Dividends, 8 per cent 412,000 00 

Interest, 282,339 26 694,339 26 

Surplus, 61,148 73 

A dividend of 8 per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of pas- 
sengers carried in the cars, in 1849, 435,800. No fatal accident 
reported. 

Boston and Maine Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1833. Opened, through, in 1843. Length, 83 
miles, including branches. Length of double track, 28 miles. Cost, 



246 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

January 1, 1849, $8,571,800. January 1,1850, $3,930,000. Increase, 

$358,200. Increase of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848. 

$8,747. Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, 

$10U. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . .$332,214 00 

" " " Freight, 168,974 21 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 21,147 30 

Total Income, 522,335 51 

Running Expenses, 258,494 59 

Net Earnings, 263,840 92 

Dividends, 5 J- per cent 195,624 00 

Interest, " 25,016 17 220,640 17 

Surplus, 43,200 75 

A dividend of 5 per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of 
passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 1,205,000. Two passengers 
were killed ; one, leaving the cars on the wrong side, was struck by 
another train ; and one jumped from a train when in motion. 
Three employees were killed. One person was run over and killed 
while walking on the track, and a boy was fatally injured by falling 
from the cars while playing about the depot. 

Taunton Branch Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1835. Opened in 1836. Length, 11 miles, single 
track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $306,400. Par value of shares, 
$100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $110.' 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . $62,782 51 

" " " Freight, 42,848 22 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 2,767 50 

Total Income, 108,398 23 

Running Expenses, , 84,979 14 

Net Earnings, 23,419 09 

Dividends, 8 per cent 20,000 00 

Interest, . 65 11 20,065 11 

Surplus, 3,353 98 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 100,290. No 
accidents occurred during the year. 

Eastern Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1836. Opened in 1841. Length, 74 miles, in- 
cluding branches. Length of double track, 16 miles. Cost, 
January 1, 1849, $3,095,400. This includes the cost of the road in 






RAILROAD STATISTICS. 247 

New Hampshire, extending from the State line to Portsmouth, 16 
miles. This road is leased to the Eastern, and the two roads are 
operated as one, no separate accounts being kept of receipts, ex- 
penses, etc. Cost, January 1, 1850, $3,612,300. Increase, 5516,900. 
Increase of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, $37,007. p ar 
value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $101. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, ..§404,071 68 

« " " Freight, 70,402 05 

« " " Mails, Rents, etc. 43,455 44 

Total Income, 517,929 17 

Running Expenses,- 183,980 20 

Net Earnings, 333,948 97 

Dividends, 8 per cent. . 259,724 00 

Interest, 25,706 08 285,430 08 

Surplus, 48,518 89 

A dividend of 8 per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of pas- 
sengers carried in the cars in 1849, 1,049,110. No passenger was 
injured. Two employees were killed, — one by the explosion of an 
engine, the second accident of the kind on a New England rail- 
road. Two persons were run over and killed, while walking on the 
track. 

Nashua and Lowell Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1836. Opened in 1838. Length, 14 miles, double 
track. Cost, Jan. 1, 1849, $525,000. Jan. 1, 1850, 641,080. In- 
crease, 116,080. Increase of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, 
5,392. Par value of shares, $100. Market value, Jan. 1, 1850, 116. 
Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . . $6 7,097 10 

" " " Freight, .- 79,736 81 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 9,705 31 

Total Income, 156,539 22 

Running Expenses, 99,456 12 

Net earnings, 57,083 10 

Dividends, 10 per cent, .... 55,000 00 

Interest, none. 55,000 00 

Surplus, 2,083 10 

Number of passengers carried in the cars, in 1849, 258,860. No 
passenger was injured. One person was run over and killed, while 
walking on the track. 

New Bedford and Taunton Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1838. Opened in 1840. Length, 20 miles, single 



248 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $498,477. Par value of shares. 
$100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $105. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . . .$86,280 14 

« « « Freight, 46,076 46 

" « " Mails, Rents, etc. 2,033 50 

Total Income, 134,390 10 

Running Expenses, 89,550 14 

Net Earnings, 44,839 96 

Dividends, 6 per cent., 24,000 00 

Interest, 1,266 93 25,266 93 

Surplus, 19,573 03 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 97,740. No 
accident occurred during the year. 

Fitchburg Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1842. Opened in 1845. Length, 66 miles, in- 
cluding branches. Length of double track, 51 miles. Cost, January 
1, 1849, $2,945,600. January 1, 1850, $3,445,800. Increase, $500,200. 
Increase of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, $37,681. Par 
value of shares $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $106. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $213,067 95 

" " " Freight", - . . 262,161 93 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 17,830 55 

Total Income, $493,060 43 

Running Expenses, 255,160 25 

Net Earnings, 237,900 18 

Dividends, 8 per cent., 212,000 00 

Interest, none 212,000 00 

Surplus, 25,900 18 

A dividend of 8 per cent, was declared in 1850. Number of pas- 
sengers carried in the cars in 1849, 875,410. Three passengers 
were killed ; two, in consequence of jumping from the cars when in 
motion, and one was thrown under a train, while standing on a plat- 
forn between the two tracks, and instantly killed. Seven employees 
were killed. Four other persons were killed ; two, by collisions at 
crossings, — one, was run over and killed while walking on the track, 
— and one, having got upon a freight-train without permission, was 
killed by coming in contact with a brid< 



! 



Connecticut River Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1842. Opened, through, in 1846. Length, 
52 miles, single track. Cost, January 1, 1849, $1,588,200. Jan- 
uary 1, 1850, §1,766,700. Increase, $178,500. Increase of net in- 



RAILROAD STATISTICS. 249 

come, in 1849, compared with 1848, $10,184. Par value of shares, 

$100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $92. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . . .$106,261 73 

'< « « Freight, 79,818 52 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 5,992 24 

Total Income, 192,072 49 

Running Expenses, 95,090 92 

Net Earnings, 96,981 57 

Dividends, 3 per cent 38,049 00 

Interest, 23,661 89 61,710 89 

Surplus, 35,270 68 

A semi-annual dividend of 2 1-2 per cent, was declared in August, 
1850. Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849,325,520. 
No passenger was injured. Two employees were killed. 

Old Colony Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1844. Opened in 1845. Length, 45 miles, in- 
cluding branches. Length of double track, 11 miles. Cost, Jan- 
uary 1, 1849, $2,080,900. January 1, 1850, $2,292,400. Increase, 
$211,500. Decrease of net income, in 1849, compared with 1848, 
$10,206. Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, 
$67. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, . . . .$184,669 50 

" " " Freight, 55,632 23 

" " " Gravel, etc 27,715 16 

" " " Mails and Rents, . 7,049 69 

Total Income, . 275,066 58 

Running Expenses, 197,515 95 

Net Earnings, 77,550 68 

Dividends, none. 

Interest, 38,256 88 38,256 88 

Surplus, 39,293 75 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 773,120. Two 
passengers were killed, in attempting to enter a train when in motion. 
Three employees were killed. 

Providence and Worcester Railroad. 

Incorporated in 1844. Opened in 1847. Length. 43 miles. Cost, 
January 1, 1850, $1,939,660. 
22 



250 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $118,219 95 

" " " Freight, 93,921 33 

" " " Mails and Rents, 5,112 48 

Total Income, 217,253 76 

Running Expenses, 101,231 71 

Net Earnings, 116,022 05 

A stock dividend of 40 per cent, was declared in May, 1849, and 
a cash dividend of 3 per cent, in December. Number of passengers 
carried in the cars in 1849, 306,734. No passenger or employee re- 
ceived injury. One person was run over and killed while walking 
on the track. 

Vermont and Massachusetts Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1844. Opened, through, February 20, 1849. 
Length, 69 miles, single track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $3,078,- 
350. Par value of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $29. 
Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, .... $71,464 83 

"* " " Freight, 92,733 97 

" " " Mails and Rents, 2,497 53 

Total Income, 166,696 33 

Running Expenses, 105,112 30 

Net Earnings, 61,584 03 

Dividends, none. 

Interest, 35,906 04 35,905 04 

Surplus, ~25,67~8~~99 

The number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 146,306. 
No passenger was injured. Two employees were killed. One per- 
son was run over and killed, while walking on the track. A boy 
was killed, while playing about the cars. 

Fall River Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1845. Opened in 1847. Length, 42 miles, single 
track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $1,146,000. Par value of shares, $100. 
Market value, January 1, 1850, $83. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $102,638 56 

" " " Freight, 65,543 39 

" " " Mails, Ren ts, etc . 5,86113 

Total Income, 174,043 08 

Running Expenses, 110,874 77 

Net Earnings, 63,168 31 

Dividends, 3 per cent 31,500 00 

Interest, 8,837 34 40,337 34 

Surplus, 22,830 97 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 252,767. No 
passenger was injured. Two persons were killed, in consequence of 
collision at a crossing. 



RAILROAD STATISTICS. 251 

Cheshire Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1845. Opened, through, in 1849. Length, 53 
miles, single track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $2,618,070. Par value 
of shares, $100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $66. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $72,863 22 

" " " Freight, 92,240 61 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc. 7,002 81 

Total Income, 172,106 64 

Running Expenses, 61,029 53 

Net Earnings, 111,077 11 

Dividend, 21 per cent 40,462 50 

Interest,. . ." 59,382 83 99,845 33 

Surplus, 11,231 78 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 94,988. No 
fatal accident occurred during the year. 

Pittsfield and North Adams Railroad. 
This company was organized in 1845, and the Western Corpora- 
tion contracted to build the road, and operate it as a branch of their 
own ; paying the Pittsfield and North Adams Company an annual 
rent, equal to six per cent, upon the cost, for a period of thirty years. 
The road was opened in October, 1846. Length, 18 miles, single 
track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $446,540. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers,. .... .$15^.712 00 

" " «■ Freight, 15,466 68 

" " " Mails, 179 62 

Total Income, 31,358 30 

Running Expenses, 11,833 66 

Net Earnings, 19,524 64 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 34,011. No 
person was reported to have been injured during the year. 

Worcester and Nashua Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1845. Opened, through, in December, 1848. 
Length, 46 miles, single track. Cost, Jan. 1, 1850, $1,361,530. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $70,007 24 

" " Freight, 34,153 88 

" " " Mails, Rents, etc.. . 3,964 52 

Total Income, .... .T. 108,125 64 

Running Expenses, 84,006 45 

Net Earnings, 24,119 19 

Dividends, none. 

Interest, 7,638 94 7,638 94 

Surplus, 16,480 25 



252 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 145,405. No 
accident reported. 

Cape Cod Branch Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1846. Opened in 1848. Length, 27 miles, single 
track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $616,760. Par value of shares, $100. 
Market value, January 1, 1850, $47. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $35,430 47 

" " " Freight, 14,972 74 

" " " Mails and Rents, . . 879 00 

Total Income, 77. 51,282 21 

Running Expenses, 31,145 98 

Net Earnings, 20,136 23 

No dividend was declared in 1849. Number of passengers car- 
ried in the cars in 1849, 66,825. No accident occurred during the 
year. 

Lowell and Lawrence Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1846. Opened July 1, 1848. Length, 12 miles, 
single track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $321,998. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $32,901 80 

« » " Freight, 9,156 17 

" " " Mails and Rents, . . 475 00 

Total Income, 42,532 97 

Running Expenses, 17,168 79 

Net Earnings, 25,364 18 

Dividend, 4 per cent 10,000 00 

Interest, 6,500 00 16,500 00 

Surplus, 8,864 18 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 131,607. No 
person injured during the year. 

Norfolk County Railroad. 
Incorporated in 1847. Opened, May 1, 1849. Length, 26 miles, 
s ingle track. Cost, January 1, 1850, $950,600. Par value of shares, 
$100. Market value, January 1, 1850, $26. 

Receipts in 1849, from Passengers, $18,272 71 

« " " Freight, 7,977 22 

Total Income, 777777. . . 26,249 93 

Running Expenses, 14,501 49 

Net Earnings, 11,748 44 

Dividends, none. 

Interest, 1,213 20 1,213 20 

Surplus, 10,535 24 



RAILROAD STATISTICS. 253 

Number of passengers carried in the cars in 1849, 35,002. No 
person injured during the year. 



The total cost of the twenty-two railroads mentioned above, 
amounted, on the first of January, 1850, to $51,219,335. Total net 
earnings in 1849, $3,109,170. Whole number of passengers carried 
in the cars in 1849, $8,633,250. Passengers killed, 8, all of whom 
met with death in consequence of their own carelessness. Employees 
killed, 27. Other persons killed, 26. Of the latter, eighteen were 
run over and killed, while walking or sleeping on the track. Whole 
number of deaths, 61. Total length of roads, single track, 1070 miles. 
Length of double track, 259 miles. In all, 1329 miles. 

In addition to the foregoing, may be mentioned the following roads, 
which were in operation in 1849 : — 

Essex Railroad. Incorporated in 1834. Length, 20 miles. Cost, 
$484,948. Berkshire Railroad, operated by the Housatonic Rail- 
road Company. Incorporated in 1837. Length, 21 miles. Cost, 
$600,000. Stony Brook Railroad, operated by the Nashua and 
Lowell Railroad Company. Incorporated in 1845. Length, 13 
miles. Cost, $262,556. South Shore Railroad, operated by the Old 
Colony Railroad Company. Incorporated in 1846. Length, 11 
miles. Cost, $373,616. Total length of these roads, 65 miles. Total 
cost, $1,721,120. 

The railroads of Massachusetts, including those whose lines extend 
into the adjoining States, were, according to the foregoing statistics, 
on the first of January, 1850, 1394 miles in length, costing $52,940,- 
455. Increase in length, over January 1, 1849, 135 miles. Increase 
of cost, $5,617,517. 



22* 



254 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



K .-2 



tf 



o o 00 

A 00 - 1 



FT* * 

"3 aT 
oo 

J« rH +3 

n - « 

> § * 
S'if 

b,^ 
- *9 







« ° H 



1 — • UJ ZL • 



03 .. . 
C3 -73 

O fl w 



s ^ 

& 3 © 

^ 2 m 

S ^ £ 

o *» " 

s ^ 






. o 

'" 3 <N 
ffl 33 +- ^ -$ 

o> > km a co 

§>!§•§»" 

.5 (i, ©'S . 

f bD © ft § © 

i| 2^ 2-s 

■S-g5g§ 

-S w g be 5 co^ 

« S 03^3 « 

^ S3 *» o 

o 



a» 

o P 

.. viols 

mi - oco 



o 

cz U 0) 

p j *a 



TU 






s 






a) ~ 
no;* 


^S 3 3 3 ;; ~ S S 3 




£Q 


w © © © O © 




» — 

C 


CO i ■ til 

Q,— « ■■* 00 OS *-« 




OOOON b- N CO CO OS tO CO 














o 








© 


o5 


CO 


CO 


V " " " " 


M 


cotc«50ccmcocoo<o«) 


oi' 

CO 






4& 






C 








© 




U 


■* 


od 


tH^^^^^--w3- 


"*" 


■>*■ 

00 


CO 

-4S -SN -*3 ~*^ 


CN 




cocoi©©coaococo©«oco 


CN 






^ 






i 






o 


GO_ 


ti 


j^;;;! 3 3 -3 3" 8 3 


co" 


00 


co 

ft -w 

CO©t^©<»CT5COCO©CO© 


CO 
CN 






J© 






© 




^3 


© 




o 


■"J, 


to 


t*S - """3"» — SSd*»3 


CO 


Tf 


CO 


fN 


CO 


-<n 


* C L 




aocooootOt^cocooJ^O 


co" 

tN 






© 




o 


© 


in 
■* 

00 


*-" - - - - 3 - 3«S - s 


© 




aoco* >, «o»«t^cococsi>.'<* 


of 

<N 

9§: 








■ • o -1 ' ■ ' ; : b ; 








• U CJ « o 






03 

•a 
a 
o 

'c3 
Pi 


co e ->-> .£ 

sSJg : : : :-§ '• 
* 2 > 5 -.Sis • Ih • 

I'g-ss ;|* -Hi 

* rt J2 £3 * fl - S ™ 






*. 

c 






pq eq pq ^ ^ pq H H r5 ^ Po 













BANKS IN MASSAOHUSETO^. 
BANKS IN BOSTON. 
ATLANTIC BANK.— No. 8 Kilby Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Pliny Cutler, President ; Benjamin Dodd, Cashier ; Francis Fisher, 
Jeremiah Hill, James Johnson, E. C. Hutchins, S. S. Littlehale, S. S. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 255 

Arnold, W. R. P. Washburn, A. G. Peck, Nathaniel Harris, J. S. 
Jenness, James H. Kelsey, Directors ; Richard Ward, Teller ; Geo. 
William Dodd, Bookkeeper; Albert Dodd, Assistant Clerk; James 

D. Adams, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

ATLAS BANK.— No. 60 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Charles H. Brown, President ; Joseph White, Cashier ; Chas. H. 
Brown, J. G. Hallett, William Davis, Jr., John H. Foster, Jere- 
miah Kahler, Moses D. Kimball, Directors ; Benjamin H. Barnes, 
Teller ; James Russell, Bookkeeper ; Chas. L. Lane, Collection 
Clerk. 

Discount. Tuesday and Friday. 

BANK OF COMMERCE.— No. 85 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $750,000. 

Edward C. Bates, Preside nt: Wm. H. Foster, Cashier : Benjamin 

E. Bates, J. H. Baldwin, A. G. Farwell, C. J. Hendee, P. T. Jack- 
son, T. Pierce, Jacob Sleeper, Jarvis Slade, R. S. Wade, J. Worster 
Directors- 

BANK OF NORTH AMERICA.— No. 99 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Geo. W. Crockett, President : J. R. Hall, Cashier : Chas. Rice, 
Charles Lane, Chas. W. Scudder, Wm. S. Eaton, J. W. Pottle, Isaac 
Rich, Thos. Nickerson, Joseph C. Bates, Clement Willis, Directors. 

BOSTON BANK.— No. 48 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $900,000. 

Robert Hooper, President: James C. Wild, Cashier: Robert G. 
Shaw, Nathan Appleton, Daniel C. Bacon, Josiah Bradlee, Samuel 
Cabot, T. B. Curtis, H. Upham, J. C. Howe, W. S. Bullard, J. Inger- 
soll Bowditch, Directors : R. Lash, Clerk : J. G. Gunderson, Teller : 
John Harris, Bookkeeper : Geo. Breckenridge, Messenger. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 

BOYLSTON BANK.— Corner of Boylston and Washington Streets. 

CAPITAL, $200,000. 

William Parker, President : J. J. Sor en, Cashier : Warren White, 
William Pope, Thomas Hunting, Isaac Emery, Jonathan Ellis, Amos 
Cummings, Abner E. Fisher, Directors: D. S. Waterman, Book- 
keeper : Luther Blodgett, Messenger. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 



256 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



CITY BANK.— No. 61 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $1,000,000. 

C. W. Cartwright, President : John E. Williams, Cashier: P. Grant, 
Isaac Livermore, W. T. Andrews, P. S. Shelton, D. Chamberlain, S. 
R. Payson, Jos.B. Glover, C. C. Chad wick, Directors : Henry Hooper, 
Paying Teller : F. L. Church, Receiving Teller : Charles C. Barry, 
Bookkeeper : Charles W. Holbrook, Discount Clerk : W. R. Frost, 
Collection Clerk : W. H. Johonnot, Messenger and Porter. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 

COLUMBIAN BANK.— No. 34 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

John G. Torrey, President : James M. Gordon, Cashier : George 
W. Lyman, Joseph Tilden, Samuel A. Appleton, William Amory, 
J. T. Coolidge, Directors : Albert Drake, Teller : George Cushing, 
Bookkeeper : Benjamin F. Sawyer, Messenger. 

Discount, daily. 

COCHITUATE BANK.— Comer of Beach and Kingston Streets. 
CAPITAL, $150,000. 
S. Gardner, President; C. S.Lane, Cashier,- Charles L. Bartlett, 
J. W. Clark, Seth W. Fowle, S. S. Perkins, Directors ; James W. 
Bailey, Teller. 

Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 

EAGLE BANK.— No. 70 State Street. 
CAPITAL, $500,000. 
Titus Welles, President ; Waldo Flint, Cashier ; William Almy, 
John Dane, Andrew Cunningham, George H. Gray, Elijah D. Brig- 
ham, Francis Skinner, James L. Little, John Williams, J. D. Bates, 
P. Hawes, B. Thaxter, Directors ; John A. Mendum, Paying Teller / 
James R. Hastings, Receiving Teller; Isaac W. Blanchard, Bookkeeper; 
Robert S. Covell, Discount Clerk ; Ebenezer Sampson, Messenger. 
Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 

EXCHANGE BANK.— No. 28 State Street. 
CAPITAL, $500,000. 
Geo. W. Thayer, President ; J. W. Marsh, Cashier ; S. R. Spauld- 
ing, J. B. Kimball, A. Strong, J. G. Davis, I. C. Rice, J. Foster, 
D. C. Baker, S. Reed, W. H. Dunbar, Directors ; J. M. Pettengill, 
Paying Teller ; A. J. Benyon, Receiving Teller ; Samuel C. Smith, 
Bookkeeper; B. V. French, 2d, Assistant Bookkeeper; John T. 
Bouve, Collection Clerk ; F. L. Davis, Messenger. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 257 

FREEMAN'S BANK.— No. 28 Sea Street 

CAPITAL, $250,000. 

Solomon Piper, President; Jeremy Drake, Cashier; Freeman 
Fisher, John H. Rogers, Ebenezer Atkins, Prentiss Hobbs, Tisdale 
Drake, Directors ; Samuel D. Horton, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

GLOBE BANK.— No. 22 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $1,000,000. 

Ignatius Sargent, President ; Chas. Sprague, Cashier ; Abel Adams, 
Stephen Fairbanks, Henry Hall, John Lamson, Payson Perrin, Direc- 
tors ; William B. Stevens, Paying Teller ; Sam'l S. Stevens, Receiving 
Teller ; Charles J. Sprague, Discount Clerk ; C. S. Callender, Clerk ; 
Oliver Cole, Bookkeeper ; William S. Nichols, Messenger ; Chauncey 
Peck, Porter. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday 

GROCERS' BANK.— No. 70 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $250,000. 

Samuel G. Reed, President ; Pliny E. Kingman, Cashier ; Winslow 
Whittemore, Ephraim Lombard, Sylvester Bowman, Joseph M. Whit- 
tier, Jos. P. Ellicott, Edward R. Seccomb, Eben H. Balch, Directors : 
Charles H. Smith, Teller; G. Francis Thayer, Bookkeeper; Geo. 
W. Harris, Discount and Collection Clerk; Charles H. Tyler, Mes- 
senger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

GRANITE BANK.— No. 61 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

George Denny, President ; Archibald Foster, Cashier ; Frederic 
Gould, James McGregor, Joseph V. Bacon, Charles Brooks, Henry 
M. Holbrook, George R. Sampson, Directors ; Samuel Kneeland, 
Teller : Alfred B. Hall, Bookkeeper ; Jos. Callender, Jr., Messenger; 
Henry Kneeland, Assistant Clerk. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

HAMILTON BANK.— No. 66 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Daniel Denny, President ; Otis Turner, Cashier ; Thomas G. Gary, 
Wm. Dwight, Gardner Brewer, William Phipps, Samuel W. Swett, 
M. P. Wilder, Thomas Wigglesworth, Jr., B. F. White, Directors ; 
E. Hearsey, Jr., Teller; S. S. Blanchard, Bookkeeper ; George 
Leighton, Assistant Clerk and Messenger. 

Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 



258 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

MARKET BANK.— No. 1, Merchants 7 Exchange. 

CAPITAL, $560,000. 

Josiah Stickney, President; Jonathan Brown, Jr., Cashier ; Jesse 
Bird, Addison Gilmore, William Thomas, F. O. Watts, C. O. Whit- 
more, A. H. Bowman, Benjamin Sewall, Directors ; Samuel P. Oli- 
ver, Teller; Benjamin F. Teel, Bookkeeper; Charles S. Evans, 
Messenger ; C. E. Currier, Clerk. 

Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 

MASSACHUSETTS BANK.— No. GG Slate Street. 
capital, $800,000. 
J. J. Dixwell, President ; James Dodd, Cashier; William D. Sohier, 
John J. Dixwell, Israel Lombard, Charles H. Mills, George Gardner, 
John L. Gardner, Directors; Samuel T. Hooper, Teller; Henry G. 
Foster, Bookkeeper ; Jonas Bennett, Discount Clerk; Josiah E. Hay- 
den, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

MECHANICS' BANK.— South Boston. 

CAPITAL, $150,000. 

James W. Converse, President; Alvan Simonds, Cashier ; Daniel 
Cummings, Noah Brooks, Frederick Nickerson, John H. Jenks, Di- 
rectors ; Thomas C. Simonds, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday. 

MERCHANTS' BANK.— No. 28 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $3,000,000. 

Franklin Haven, President ; John J. May, Cashier ; N. F. Cun- 
ningham, Luke Fay, Samuel Henshaw, John B. Jones, David Hen- 
shaw, Francis C. Gray, J. K. Mills, Israel Whitney, Samuel Hooper, 
Edward Brooks, Directors; Thomas W. Hooper, 1st Teller; Wm. 
Raymond, Assistant ; G. Stimpson, Jr., 2d Teller; C. M. N. Lincoln, 
Assistant ; John K. Fuller, Assist . Dis. Clerk ; H. H. Gore, Corre- 
sponding Clerk ; Thomas Bulfinch, Collection Clerk ; G. S. Bulfinch, 
Pension Clerk; E. H. Severance, 1st Bookkeeper ; John P. Gore, 2d 
Bookkeeper ; G. M. Norwood, H. F. Flagg, Accountants ; John 
Barnes, Messenger ; George Hayden, Porter. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

NEW ENGLAND BANK.— No. 67 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $1,000,000. 

Thomas Lamb, President; E. P. Clark, Cashier; Jos. Whitney, 
Elijah Yose, Mace Tisdale, William Worthington, Dudley Hall, 
Directors ; Samuel T. Thompson, Paying and Receiving Teller ; Jas. 
Swan, Bookkeeper, Seth Pettee, Discount Clerk; Charles F. Swan, 
Collection Clerk; J. S. Brown, Messenger and Porter. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 259 

NORTH BANK.— No. 2 Merchants' Exchange. 
CAPITAL, $750,000. 
O. Eldridge, President ; John B. Wetherbee, Cashier; Henry D. 
Gray, Oliver Eldridge, Daniel Kimball, Elijah Williams, James 
Weld, Francis B. Fay, Charles G. Nazro, Directors ; S. Trull, Rec. 
Teller ; W. L. Barnes, Paying Teller ; John Chorley, Bookkeeper ; 
Sylvester Trull, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

SHAWMUT BANK.— No. 39 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

John Gardner, President; Stephen G. Davis, Cashier; William 
Bramhall, John L. Dimmock, Albert Fearing, John Gardner, Jairus 
B. Lincoln, B. T. Reed, Aaron Rice, Directors ; E. Snow, Teller ; C. 
H. Miller, Bookkeeper; Geo. L. Foote, Assistant Clerk; Sampson 
Mason, Messenger. 

Discount, Monday. 

SHOE AND LEATHER DEALERS' B ANK.— No. 65 State St. 

CAPITAL, $750,000. 

Enoch Baldwin, President ; Samuel Carr, Cashier ; Cheever New- 
hall, J. C. Potter, M. S. Lincoln, William B. Spooner, William Bur- 
rage, J. M. Jones, Isaac Williams, John Albree, Caleb Stetson, G. S. 
Low, Directors ; John S. March, Paying Teller ; E. L. Tead, Receiv- 
ing Teller ; Robert L. Day, Bookkeeper ; J. S. Coe, Assistant Clerk ; 
A. C. Haven, Collection Clerk ; Joshua Clark, Porter. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 

STATE BANK.— No. 40 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $1,800,000. 

Samuel Frothingham, President ; Jonathan Call, Cashier ; Samuel 
Austin, Benjamin Bangs, Levi Bartlett, Thomas Gray, James S. 
Amory, Thomas P. Gushing, J. Ballister, Robert M. Mason, James 
P. Thorndike, Geo. Howe, Directors; Charles Bartlett, Paying Tel- 
ler ; John B. Gould, Receiving Teller ; William E. Vincent, 1st 
Bookkeeper; Henry Pierce, 2d Bookkeeper; Geo. Atkinson, Dis- 
count Clerk ; Jas. H. Foster, Jr., Collection Clerk ; Wm. S. Edmands, 
Messenger. 

Discount, Monday and Thursday. 

SUFFOLK BANK.— A r o. 60 State Street. 

capital, $1,000,000. 

Jeffrey Richardson, President; Isaac C. Brewer, Cashier; A. K. 

Hunt, Assistant Cashier ; John Belknap, Ebenezer Chadwick, J. W. 

Edmands, Edw. D. Peters, Nathaniel Hooper, Wm. Gray, A. A. 



260 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Lawrence, John A. Lowell, Edward Austin, William W. Tucker, 
Directors ; J. E. Bridge, Paying Teller ; Charles H. Brewer, Receiv- 
ing Teller ; Thorndike Rand, Bookkeeper ; Edward Tyler, Discount 
Clerk ; J. W. Lefavor, Collection Clerk ; W. I. Haven, C. Smith, 
C. W. Ball, Assistant Clerks ; W. Grubb, Jr., D. H. Belknap, E. J. 
S. Corlew, Foreign Money Clerks ; C. A. Tucker, Porter. 
Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 

TRADERS' BANK.— No. 91 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $400,000. 

Isaac Parker, President ; Jeremiah Gore, Cashier ; George Callen- 
der, Jabez Fisher, Deming Jarves, Thomas Lord, S. H. Norris, 
Henry Smith, A. W. Thaxter, Jr., Directors ; John K. Hall, Teller ; 
Thomas Waterman, Bookkeeper ; C. J. Whipple, Discount Clerk ; 
T. O. Brackett, Messenger. 

Discount, Wednesday and Saturday. 

TREMONT BANK.— No. 41 State Street. 
capital, 692,550. 
Andrew T. Hall, President ; A. T. Frothingham, Cashier ; Eben- 
ezer T. Andrews, Ezra H. Baker, Caleb Curtis, Nathan B. Gibbs, 
William Perkins, Charles B. Shaw, Enoch Train, Isaac Thacher, 
Charles Wilkins, Directors ; Joshua Loring, Teller ; Wm. W. Man- 
ning, Bookkeeper; J. Savage, Jr., Assistant Clerk; Charles Merrill, 



Discount, daily. 

UNION BANK.— No. 40 State Street. 
•capital, $100,000. 
Chester Adams, President ; Lemuel Gulliver, Cashier ; Luke Car- 
ter, Ebenezer Dale, Henry Lee, Jr., Giles Lodge, Thaddeus Nichols, 
John Stearns, Nathaniel H. Emmons, Charles Merriam, Edward 
S. Tobey, Directors; Timothy Bryant, Teller; A. Trowbridge, 
Bookkeeper ; James Skilton, Assistant Clerk ; Oliver Jaquith, Mes- 
senger. 

Discount, daily. 

WASHINGTON BANK.— No. 75 State Street. 

CAPITAL, $500,000. 

A. D. Hodges, President ; D. A. Sigourney, Cashier ; A. Tucker, 
Jr., J. L. Emmons, Wm. Lincoln, George D. Dutton, Josiah P. 
Cooke, P. Fowle, Josiah Stedman, Moses Williams, Flavel Moseley, 
G. T. Lyman, Francis Bacon, Directors : Charles A. Putnam, Teller ; 
J. H. Champney, Bookkeeper ; J. W. dishing, Messenger and 
Porter. 

Discount, Tuesday and Friday. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS., 261 

The par value of the shares of Massachusetts Bank, is $250, 
Market, $70,- State, $60, and Boston, $50 ; all other Banks in Boston, 
$100. 



COUNTRY BANKS. 

Abington Bank, Abington. Capital $100,000. Asaph Dunbar, 
President, J. N. Farrar, Cashier. 

Adams Bank, Adams. Capital $150,000. D. S. Tyler, President, 
W. E. Brayton, Cashier. 

Agawam Bank, Springfield. Capital $200,000. Theo. Stebbens, 
President, F. S. Bailey, Cashier. 

Agricultural Bank, Pittsfield. Capital $150,000. E. A. Newton, 
President, E. R. Colt, Cashier. 

Andover Bank, Andover. Capital $250,000. Samuel Farrar, 
President, Francis Cogswell, Cashier. 

Appleton Bank, Lowell. Capital $200,000. J. A. Knowles, Pres- 
ident, J. A. Buttrick, Cashier. 

Asiatic Bank, Salem. Capital $200,000. N. W. Neal, President, 
W. H. Foster, Cashier. 

Attleboro' Bank, Attleboro*. Capital Si 00,000. S. Carpenter, Pres- 
ident, H. N. Richardson, Cashier. 

Barnstable Bank, Yarmouth Port. Capital $200,000. Isaiah Crow- 
ell, President, Amos Otis, Cashier. 

Bay State Bank, Lawrence. Capital $300,000. Charles S. Stor- 
row, President, Nathaniel White, Cashier. 

Bedford Commercial Bank, New Bedford. Capital $400,000. Geo. 
Howland, President, T. B. White, Cashier. 

Beverly Bank, Beverly. Capital $125,000. A. Thorndike, Presi- 
dent, Robert G. Bennett, Cashier. 

BlackstoneBank,JJxbr\dge. Capital $100,000. P. Whitin, Pres- 
ident, E. W. Hayward, Cashier. 

Brighton Bank, Brighton. Capital $250,000. E. Sparhawk, Pres- 
ident, L. Baldwin, Cashier. 

Bristol County Bank, Taunton. Capital $200,000. William A. 
Crocker, President, William Muenscher, Cashier. 

Bunker Hill Bank, Charlestown. Capital $200,000. David Devens, 
President, Thomas Marshall, Cashier. 

Cabot Bank, Cabotville. Capital $150,000. John Wells, Pres- 
ident, J. L. Warriner, Cashier. 
23 



262 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Cambridge Batik, Cambridge. Capital $100,000. Thomas Whitte- 
more, President, Martin Lane, Cashier. 

Central Bank, Worcester. Capital $150,000. Thomas Kinnicutt, 
President, W. Dickinson, Cashier. 

Charles River Bank, Cambridge. Capital $100,000. C. C. Little, 
President, J. B. Dana, Cashier. 

Chicopee Bank, Springfield. Capital $300,000. P. F. Wilcox, Pres- 
ident, B. F. Warner, Cashier. 

Citizens' Bank, Worcester. Capital $150,000. Francis T. Merrick, 
President, G. A. Trumbull, Cashier. 

Commercial Bank, Salem. Capital $200,000. William Sntton, 
President, E. H. Payson, Cashier. 

Concord Bank, Concord. Capital $100,000. Daniel Shattuck, 
President, J. M. Cheney, Cashier. 

Danvers Bank, Danvers. Capital $150,000. E. Shillaber, President, 
G. A. Osborne, Cashier. 

Dedham Bank, Dedham. Capital $200,000. J. Stimpson, Presi- 
dent, L. H. Kingsbury, Cashier. 

Dorchester and Milton Bank, Dorchester. Capital $100,000. H. 
Temple, President, E. J. Bispham Cashier. 

Exchange Bank, Salem. Capital $200,000. Gideon Tucker, Pres- 
ident, J. Chadwick, Cashier. 

Fair Haven Bank, Fair Haven. Capital $200,000. E. Sawin, 
President, Reuben Nye, Cashier. 

Fall River Bank, Fall River. Capital $300,000. D. Anthony, 
President, H. H. Fish, Cashier. 

Falmouth Bank, Falmouth. Capital $100,000. John Jenkins, 
President, S. P. Bourne, Cashier. 

Fitchburg Bank, Fitchburg. Capital $200,000. Francis Perkins, 
President, E. Torrey, Cashier. 

Framingham Bank, Framingham. Capital $200,000. Sullivan Fay, 
President, Francis Jaques, Cashier. 

Franklin County Bank, Greenfield. Capital $150,000. Henry W. 
Cushman, President, A. G. Hammond, Cashier. 

Gloucester Bank, Gloucester. Capital $200,000. Isaac Somes, 
President, J. J. Babson, Cashier. 

Grand Bank, Marblehead. Capital $100,000. Knott Martin, 2d, 
President, J. P. Turner, Cashier. 

Greenfield Bank, Greenfield. Capital $200,000. Henry W. Clapp, 
President, Franklin Ripley, Cashier. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 263 

Hampshire^ Manufacturers* Bank, Ware. Capital $200,000. O. 
Sage, President, William Hyde, Cashier. 

Hampden Bank, Westfield. Capital $100,000. A. Post, President, 
R. Welle r, Cashier. 

Haverhill Bank, Haverhill. Capital SI 50,000. H. Morse, President, 
James Gale, Cashier. 

Hingham Bank, Hingham. Capital $105,000. N. Richards, Pres- 
ident, John O. Lovett, Cashier. 

Holyoke Bank, Northampton. Capital $100,000. John Clarke, 
President, Thomas Green, Cashier. 

Housatonic Bank, Stockbridge. Capital $100,000. C. M. Owen, 
President, J. D. Adams, Cashier. 

John Hancock Bank, Springfield. Capital $50,000. Joseph M. 
Thompson, President, Edmund D. Chapin, Cashier. 

Laighton Bank, Lynn. Capital $100,000. F. S. Newhall, President, 
E. W. Mudge, Cashier. 

Lancaster Bank, Lancaster. Capital $100,000. Jacob Fisher, Pres- 
ident, C. T. Symmes, Cashier. 

Lee Bank, Lee. Capital $100,000. Leonard Church, President, 
Edward Bliss, Cashier. 

Leicester Bank, Leicester. Capital $100,000. Cheney Hatch, Pres- 
ident, D. E. Merriam, Cashier. 

Lowell Bank, Lowell. Capital $200,000. Nathaniel Wright, Pres- 
ident, J. L. Ordway, Cashier. 

Lynn Mechanics' Bank, Lynn. Capital $150,000. Isaiah Breed, 
President, James Oliver, Cashier. 

Machinists' Bank, Taunton. Capital $100,000. William Mason, 
President, C. R. Vickery, Cashier. 

Mahaiwe Bank, Great Barrington. Capital $100,000. Wilbur 
Curtis, President, H. Hooker, Cashier. 

Manufacturers' Bank, Georgetown. Capital $100,000. Warren 
Ordway, President, G. Foot, Cashier. 

Marblehead Bank, Marblehead. Capital $120,000. John Hooper, 
President, S. S. Trefrey, Cashier. 

Marine Bank, New Bedford. Capital $300,000. Joseph Grinnell, 
President, John P. Barker, Cashier. 

Massasoit Bank, Fall River. Capital $100,000. J. H. Archer, 
President, Leander Borden, Cashier. 

Mattapan Bank, Dorchester. Capital $100,000. Edward King, 
President, Fred. Beck, Cashier. 



264 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Mechanics' Bank, Newburyport. Capital $200,000. John Wood, 
President, J. Andrews, Cashier. 

Mechanics' Bank, New Bedford. Capital $200,000. William R. 
Rodman, President, J. Congdon, Cashier. 

Mechanics' Bank, Worcester. Capital $150,000. Alexander De 
Witt, President, P. Hammond, Cashier. 

Mercantile Bank, Salem. Capital $200,000. D. Putnam, President, 
S. Webb, Cashier. 

Merchants' Bank, New Bedford. Capital $400,000. J. A. Parker, 
President, J. B. Congdon, Cashier. 

Merchants' Bank, Salem. Capital $200,000. J. W. Treadwell, 
President, B. H. Silsbee, Cashier. 

Merchants' Bank, Newbury port. Capital $210,000. Henry John- 
son, President, Samuel Mullikin, Cashier. 

Merrimack Bank, Haverhill. Capital $180,000. James H. Duncan, 
President, E. A. Porter, Cashier. 

Milford Bank, Milford. Capital $100,000. Lee Claflin, President, 
Rufus Brewer, Cashier. 

Millbury Bank, Millbury. Capital $50,000. S. Farnsworth, Pres- 
ident, J. Prentiss, Cashier. 

Naumkeag Bank, Salem. Capital $500,000. D. Pingree, President, 
Joseph H. Towne, Cashier. 

Neponset Bank, Canton. Capital $100,000. James Dunbar, Pres- 
ident, F. W. Deane, Cashier. 

Newton Bank, Newton. Capital $150,000. William Jackson, Pres- 
ident, Daniel Kingsley, Cashier. 

Northampton Bank, Northampton. Capital $200,000. E. Williams, 
President, Charles White, Cashier. 

Ocean Bank, Newburyport. Capital $100,000. William Stone, 
President, Jacob Stone, Cashier. 

Old Colony Bank, Plymouth. Capital $100,000. J. B. Thomas, 
President, S. Sampson, Cashier. 

Oxford Bank, Oxford. Capital $100,000. John Wetherell, Pres- 
ident, A. G. Underwood, Cashier. 

Pacific Bank, Nantucket. Capital $200,000. John W. Barrett, 
President, William Mitchell, Cashier. 

People's Bank, Roxbury. Capital $150,000. Samuel Guild, Presi- 
dent, B. Stone, Cashier. 

Plymouth Bank, Plymouth. Capital $150,000. Samuel Guild, Presi- 
dent, B. Stone, Cashier. 



BANKS IN MASSACHUSETTS. 265 

Plymouth Bank, Plymouth. Capital $100,000. J. L. Hedge, Presi- 
dent, I. M. Stoddard, Cashier. 

Powoio River Bank, Salisbury. Capital $100,000. , Presi- 
dent, J. B. Webster, Cashier. 

Prescott Bank, Lowell. Capital $100,000. 

Quincy Stone Bank, Quincy. Capital $100,000. Lemuel Brackett, 
President, John C. Randall, Cashier. 

Quinsigamond Bank, Worcester. Capital $100,000. William Jen- 
nison, President, C. A. Hamilton, Cashier. 

Railroad Bank, Lowell. Capital $600,000. Benjamin F. French, 
President, S. W. Stickney, Cashier. 

Randolph Bank, Randolph. Capital $150,000. R. Turner, Presi- 
dent, Seth Turner, Cashier. 

Rollstone Bank, Fitchburg. Capital $100,000. Moses Wood, Presi- 
dent, L. H. Bradford, Cashier. 

Salem Bank, Salem. Capital $250,000. George Peabody, Presi- 
dent, C. M. Endicott, Cashier. 

Southbridge Bank, Southbridge. Capital, $100,000. S. A. Hitch- 
cock, President, S. M. Lane, Cashier. 

Springfield Bank, Springfield. Capital $300,000. Benj. Day, Presi- 
dent, Lewis Warriner, Cashier. 

Taunton Bank, Taunton. Capital $200,000. S. Rhodes, Jr., Presi- 
dent, C. J. H. Bassett, Cashier. 

Tradesmen's Bank, Chelsea. Capital, $150,000. Isaac Stebbins, 
President, Wm. R. Pearmain, Cashier. 

Union Bank, Haverhill. Capital $100,000. George Cogswell, Presi- 
dent, James Noyes, Cashier. 

Union Bank of Weymouth and Braintree, Weymouth. Capital 
$100,000. Benjamin King, President, John W. Loud, Cashier. 

Village Bank, Danvers. Capital $120,000. Moses Putnam, Presi- 
dent, W. L. Weston, Cashier. 

Waltham Bank, Waltham. Capital, $100,000. Chas. Bemis, Presi- 
dent, D. A. Kimball, Cashier. 

Wareham Bank, Wareham. Capital $100,000. Peter Mackie, Presi- 
dent, Thomas R. Miles, Cashier. 

Warren Bank, Danvers. Capital $120,000. E. W. Upton, Presi- 
dent, F. Baker, Cashier. 

Western Bank, Springfield. Capital $250,000. C. Rice, Presi- 
dent, Geo. P. Bissell, Cashier. 
23* 



266 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Worcester Bank, Worcester. Capital $200,000. Stephen Salisbury, 
President, William Cross, Cashier. 

Worcester County Bank, Blackstone. Capital $100,000. Henry S. 
Mansfield, Jr., President, Alexander Ballou, Cashier. 

Wrentham Bank, Wrentham. Capital $150,000. D. A. Cook, 
President, Calvin Fisher, Jr., Cashier. 



INSTITUTIONS FOR SAVINGS. 

There are forty-four Institutions for Savings in this State, namely, 
Provident Institution for Savings ; Suffolk Savings Bank, for sea- 
men and others, Boston, East Boston ; Andover Institution for Sav- 
ings ; Cape Ann Savings Bank ; Danvers, do. ; Haverhill, do. ; Lynn, 
do. ; Newburyport, do. ; Salem, do. ; Salisbury and Amesbury, do. ; 
Cambridge, do. ; Framingham, do. ; 2 in Lowell, do. ; Middlesex, do. ; 
Concord, do. ; Newton, do. ; Warren, do. Charlestown ; Fitchburg, 
do. ; Lancaster, do. ; Worcester County, do. Worcester ; Northamp- 
ton, do. ; Springfield, do. ; Franklin, do. Greenfield ; Berkshire 
County, do. Pittsfield; Canton, do.; Cohasset, do. ; Dedham, do.; 
Quincy, do. ; Roxbury, do. ; Weymouth and Braintree, do. ; Wey- 
mouth ; Fairhaven, do. ; Fall River, do. ; New Bedford, do. ; Bristol 
Co. Institution for Savings, Taunton and vicinity, Taunton ; Hing- 
ham, do. ; Plymouth, do. ; South Scituate, do ; Wareham, do. ; Barn- 
stable, do. ; Nantucket, do. ; Southbridge, do. ; Essex, do. ; Lawrence, 
do. ; and Ware, do. 

According to returns made to the State, first Saturday of Septem- 
ber, 1850 : — 

Number of Depositors, 78,823 

Amount of Deposits, $13,660,024 34 

Public Funds, 1,168,169 79 

Loans on Public Funds, 16,840 00 

Bank Stock, 2,459,161 29 

Loans on Bank Stock, 297,897 00 

Deposits in Banks bearing interest, 130,068 91 

Railroad Stock 123,046 49 

Loans on Railroad Stock, 243,445 00 

Invested in Real Estate, 100,943 32 

Loans in Mortgage of Real Estate, 4,004,379 00 

Loans to County or Town, . . 1,824,394 31 

Loans on Personal Security, 3,619,738 64 

Cash on hand, 208,337 53 

Ordinary Dividend, last year, (a fraction over 41 6-25,) . . .41,680 57 
Average per cent, of Dividends, for last 5 yrs., a frac. over 6 23-100 
Annual Expenses of the Institutions, 41,680 57 



BOSTON FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 267 



BOSTON EIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

AMERICAN INSURANCE COMPANY.— No. 54 State Street. 
Capital, $300,000, Shares, 3,000, Par, $100. 
J. Ingersoll Bowditch, President ; Nathan Appleton, J. Ingersoll 
Bowditch, Benjamin A. Gould, Charles H.Mills, Amos A.Lawrence, 
Samuel May, P. P. Pope, Benjamin Rich, R. G. Shaw, Theodore 
Chase, J. S. Amory, Edward Austin, Wm. B- Bacon, Directors ; An- 
drew C. Dorr, Secretary ; W, S. Whitney, Messenger. 
Dividends, January and July. 

BOSTON INSURANCE COMPANY.— No. 62 State Street. 
Capital, $300,000, Shares, 3,000, Par, $100. 

Lemuel Pope, President; S. A. Appleton, N.H.Emmons, D. P. 
Parker, Giles Lodge, John F. Loring, William W. Tucker, Directors ; 
P. W. Freeman, Secretary. 

Dividends, March and September. 

BOYLSTON FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 45 State Street. 
Capital $300,000, Shares, 3,000, Par, $100. 
Francis Bacon, President ; J. P. Cooke, Josiah Stedman, Moses 
Williams, W. S- Bullard, N. F. Cunningham, Thomas Motley, Jr., 
Thomas Wigglesworth, Jr., George T. Lyman, Robert M. Mason, 
Charles Amory, Alanson Tucker, Jr., Directors ; Joseph W. Balch, 
Secretary. 

Dividends, April and October. 

COASTERS' MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY. 

John Williams, President ; John Williams, W. H. Foster, Ephraim 
Lombard, J. L. Brigham, P. E. Kingman, S. H. Lewis, Edward Whit- 
ney, S. G. Reed, Joseph Greeley, George F. Williams, Winslow 
Whittemore, Isaac Taylor, S. Jenney, Stephen Tilton, Jr., Sam'l 
Welch, Geo. A. Fiske, N. W. Bridge, Edwd. Lamb, Benj. D. Bax- 
ter, Isaac Pitman, Gardner K. Reed, Rich'd F. Wyman, Geo. A. 
Gardner, Directors ; George A. Houghton, Secretary. 

COCHITUATE FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

In Merchants' Exchange Building, State Street. 
S. P. Hey wood, President ; S. P. Hey wood, James Cheever, John 
H. Wilkins, Warren White, Abraham T. Lowe, David Kimball, 
Isaiah Bangs, E. P. Tileston, William Dehon, Edward A. Raymond, 
Frederick Perkins, George C. Richardson, James Brown, Directors ; 
A. W. Benton, Secretary. 



268 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



COLUMBIAN FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

William Savage, President ; Augustus Hemenway, Joseph L. Day, 
James Ingersoll, Wm, Rollins, Edward C. Bates, W. F. Weld, Fred- 
eric Cunningham, Benjamin Goddard, J. B. Kettell, S. A. Appleton, 
James Savage, Harrison Fay, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, George 
Winslow, Directors ; J. A. Ackerman, Clerk ; Charles A. Elliot, Sec- 
retary. 

EQUITABLE SAFETY MARINE AND FIRE INSURANCE 

COMPANY. — Merchants' Exchange. 

A Safety Fund Company. 

John Clark, President : B. Burgess, Benjamin C. Clark, A. W. 

Thaxter, Jr., Enoch Train, James Ingersoll, Charles Scudder, David 

A. Neal, J. H. Pearson, Stephen Fairbanks, Lewis W. Tappan, 

A. H. Fiske, William W. Goddard, George Callender, Charles O. 
Whitmore, Joseph Iasigi, G. B. Weston, William Bramhall, George 
N. Barnard, N. F. Cunningham, John S. Wright, John D. Gardner, 
Wm. Ropes, Geo. B. Upton, Directors ; Samuel Wheeler, Secretary ; 
J. T. Clark, Marine Clerk ; J. J. Loring, Jr., Fire Clerk. 

FIREMEN'S INSURANCE COMPANY.— No. 75 State Street. 
Capital, $300,000, Shares, 12,000, Par, $25. 

Thomas C. Amory, President ; John Collamore, Jr., Amos Cotting, 
J. A. Davis, J. G. Hallett, Joseph Hay, Thaddeus Nichols, Ignatius 
Sargent, Benjamin Seaver, Samuel R. Payson, James Ellison, John 

B. Parker, Directors ; S. G. Rogers, Jr., Secretary. 
Dividends, January and July. 

FRANKLIN INSURANCE COMPANY.— No. 44 State Street. 
Capital, $300,000, Shares, 3,000, Par, $100. 

Francis Welch, President ; George W. Abbott, F. H. Bradlee, 
E. D. Brigham, John Lamson, James Read, Enoch Train, Adolphus 
Davis, Directors ; William M. Byrnes, Secretary ; William T. Lerow, 
Clerk. 

Dividends, January and July. 

HOPE INSURANCE COMPANY.— No. 46 State Street. 
Capital, $200,000, Shares, 2,000, Par, $100. 
Epes Sargent, President ; George Callendar, William Davis, Jr., 
J. H. Foster, B. A. Gould, Nathaniel Goddard, Jr., Epes Sargent, 
Dan'l G. Bacon, Geo. W. Wales, Wm. F. Parrott, Directors ; Augus- 
tus Lovett, Secretary. 

Dividends, April and October. 



BOSTON FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 269 

LONG POND MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 
No. 13 State Street. 
Charles A. Wells, President ; Charles A. Wells, Osmyn Brewster, 
Thomas J. Lobdell, John Reed, Henry W. Dutton, John Shelton, 
Joseph L. Bates, Samuel S. Perkins, William Freeman, Francis A. 
Sawyer, Caleb C. Gilbert, Benj. B.Mussey, David P. Davis, Directors; 
Pelham Bonney, Jr., Secretary. 

MANUFACTURERS' INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 59 State Street. 
Capital, $400,000, Shares, 4,000, Par, $100. 
C. W. Cartwright, President ; Ebenezer T. Andrews, W. T. An- 
drews, T. P. Cushing, Otis Daniell, Henry Hall, George Morey, 
William Shimmin, James Read, B. F. White, John Williams, Calvin 
W. Clark, Directs; Samuel Hunt, Secretary; Samuel Gould, Mes- 
senger; J. J. Goodrich, Porter. 
Dividends, April and October. 

MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE 
COMPANY. 

No. 31 State Street, up stairs. 
Charles Wells, President; E. T. Andrews, Geo. H. Kuhn, Robert 
G. Shaw, John P. Thorndike, Wm. Minot, Edward Brooks, Henry 
Codman, Charles P. Curtis, Ebenezer Francis, J. A. Lowell, Samuel 
May, M. Williams, Directors ; William Tufts, Secretary ; H. S. Hum- 
phrey, Messenger. 

MECHANICS' MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 27 State Street, up stairs. 
Adam W. Thaxter, President ; William Adams, John Bacon, Eze- 
kiel Bates, Samuel C. Nottage, Benjamin Beal, John Boles, Isaac 
Cary, William Eaton, Charles Leighton, Thomas Moulton, George 
W. Phillips, David Tillson, Directors; Solomon Hovey, Secretary; 
O. B. Hall, Clerk. 

MERCANTILE MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 58 State Street. 
Capital, $300,000, Shares, 3,000, Par, $100. 
Nathaniel Meriam, President; Benjamin Bangs, J. B. Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Spooner, P. R. Dalton, Benjamin Howard, James Johnson, 
J. E. Lodge, George R. Minot, Edward Wigglesworth, Elijah Wil- 
liams, Directors ; William B. Coffin, Secretary. 
Dividends, May and November. 



270 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

MERCHANTS' INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 38 State Street. 
Capital, $500,000, Shares, 5,000, Par, SI 00. 
Thomas C. Smith, President ; D. C. Bacon, Win. Rollins, William 
Gray, James Lawrence, Sam'l Hooper, Patrick Grant, Israel Whit- 
ney, J. W. Edmands, John A. Lowell, Ebenezer Chadwick, John 
Belknap, G. H. Shaw, Directors : Samuel Tenney, Assistant Presi- 
dent ; George Homer, Secretary; G. L. Deblois, J. C. Braman, 
Clerks ; F. H. Dix, Messenger. 
Dividends, April and October. 

NATIONAL INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 66 State Street. 
Capital, $500,000, Shares, 10,000, Par, $50. 

Samuel W. Swett, President ; William Amory, W. S. Bullard, S. 
T. Dana, Daniel Denny, J. W. Edmands, S. Frothingham, John L. 
Gardiner, Wm. H. Gardiner, Thomas Gray, G. H. Kuhn, George 
Howe, O. Goodwin, R. Hooper, Nathaniel Hooper, Daniel Kimball, 
James Lawrence, J. A. Lowell, Isaac Livermore, James Means, F. 
Skinner, B. F. White, M. P. Wilder, Israel Whitney, Geo. B. Blake, 
Directors ; Aaron H. Bean, Secretary ; H. L. Temple, Assistant Clerk. 

Dividends, April and October. 

NEPTUNE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 64 State Street. 
Capital, $200,000, Shares, 2,000, Par, $100. 
C. Curtis, President; David Devens, Andrew T. Hall, Charles 
Homer, Charles J. Morrill, Horace Scudder, Richard Soule, J. P. 
Thornclike, Joseph Whitney, Directors; J. H. Gardner, Secretary ; 
William H. Cutting, Andrew J. Noyes, J. F. Osborn, Clerks. 
Dividends, April and October. 

NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL MARINE INSURANCE 
COMPANY. 

Exchange Building, State Street. 
A Safety Fund Company. 
Jos. H. Adams, President ; Joseph H. Adams, Nathan P. Gibbs, 
Joseph V. Bacon, Charles Cunningham, Benjamin Howard, William 
Ward, H. M. Holbrook, Henry Lincoln, N. F. Cunningham, Jabez 
Fisher, J. S. Jenness, William Thwing, J. B. Kimball, E. C. Emer- 
son, M. Day Kimball, Frederic Nickerson, E. H. Baker, Alpheus 
Hardy, E. D. Brigham, Wm. Lincoln, Holmes Ammidown, Osborn 
Howes, Farnham Plummer, Barney Thatcher, Directors; Edward P. 
Meriam, Secretary; B. Lyon, Assistant Secretary; John Adams, 
Clerk. 



BOSTON FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 271 

PEOPLES' MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 8 Old State House. 
Jos. Southwick, President; E. D. Beach, E. W. Bliss, Samuel S. 
Day, Geo. Dwight, S. D. Davenport, J. Lord, Abel Proctor, J. Tirrel, 
Jr., E. Trask, W. Hastings, A. Stone, Jr., S. Webster, Artemas Ward, 
P. R. Southwick, Gustavus Farley, Abel Wyman, W. A. Harrington, 
Roland Worthington, B. W. Dunklee, Baxter Cobb, Directors ; C. H. 
White, Secretary. 

REAL ESTATE MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Joy's Building, No. 81 Washington Street. 
Willard Sears, President ; Azel Ames, Walter Bryant, Frederic 
Crosby, Jonas Fitch, Isaac H. Hazelton, William Jackson, William 
Macomber, J. M. Mayo, J. K. Miller, Chas. J. Millard, J. P. Monks, 
Uriah Ritchie, N. Sargent, Willard Sears, F. Standish, M. J. Stone, 
Edward C. Tillson, Isaac Tower, Job A. Turner, James M. Cook, 
Isaac Adams, Directors ; George E. Sickels, Secretary. 

REVERE MUTUAL FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE 
COMPANY. 

Joel Scott, President ; A. J. Noyes, Secretary ; William Apple- 
ton, Robert G. Shaw, J. T. Coolidge, Tucker Daland, George R. 
Sampson, William Perkins, Ives G. Bates, G. R. Minot, G. H. F. 
Moring, G. M. Barnard, G. B. Upton, W. S. Bullard, A. L. Payson, 
William Parsons, Joel Scott, Directors. 

SOUTH MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Barker s Building, South Boston. 
James Barker, President; Isaac Adams, James Barker, Thomas 
Cains, Win. B. Dorr, Wilder Harding, Directors ; Lewis Tucker, 
Secretary. 

STATE MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 
No. 21 State Street. 
Ephraim Harrington, President : Seth Adams, S. M. Allen, J. Cow- 
din, H. Bosworth, James Boynton, Isaac H. Cary, Charles Conley, 
William B. Dorr, Nathaniel Ford, C. S. Pratt, Francis Richards, 
Enoch H. Snelling, Nahum Ward, Directors ; Joseph F. Hovey, 
Secretary. 

SUFFOLK INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Corner of State and Congress Street. 

Capital, $225,000. 

P. W. Hayward, President ; J. Amory Davis, J. J. Dixwell, J. L. 

Gardner, George W. Lyman, S. H. Perkins, S. C. Thwing, Henry 

Wainwright, B. C. White, Directors ; Jas. H. Lunt, Secretary ; N. 

Wright, Messenger. 

Dividends, April and October. 



272 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

TREMONT INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 43 State Street. 
Capital, 6200,000, Shares, 2,000, Par, $100. 
John G. Nazro, President ; J. R. Dow, Charles Larkin, Wm. Lin- 
coln, James Lodge, C. G. Nazro, P. S. Shelton, R. B. Storer, R. G. 
Shaw, Jr., James Sturgis, L. W. Tappan, E. Train, Isaac Thacher, 
A. B. Weston, Charles Wilkins, George B. Upton, Directors ; Wm. 
C. Swift, Secretary. 
Dividends, May and November. 

UNION MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Old State House. 
Enoch Hobart, President ; Isaiah Bangs, A. Blanchard, Jr., Bil- 
lings Briggs, G. T. Bigelow, Geo. A. Bourne, N. B. Borden, Uriel 
Crocker, James Cheever, N. F. Cunningham, Daniel L. Gibbens, 
George H. Kuhn, David Kimball, Daniel Henchman, B. Lamson, S. 
Leeds, A. T. Lowe, E. A. Raymond, Asa Swallow, S. H. Walley, Jr., 
Edw. Ward, Warren White, Directors ; Geo. G. Field, Secretary. 

UNITED STATES INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 52 State Street. 
Capital, $200,000, Shares, 4,000, Par, $50. 
Robert B. Williams, President ; Charles H. Brown, A. Gilmore, 
A. C. Hersey, A. C. Lombard, Israel Lombard, William Perkins, 
George R. Sampson, Josiah Stickney, E. S. Toby, H. Timmins, J. S. 
Wright, Directors ; Levi Ingols, Secretary. 
Dividends, December and June. 

WARREN INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Merchants' Exchange. 
Capital, $150,000; Shares, 1,500; Par, $100. 
John L. Dimmock, President ; Elisha Atkins, Isaiah Banks, Mat- 
thew Cobb, D. C. Baker, F. B. Fay, Albert Fearing, J. B. Lincoln, 
Ellison Lassell, Jr., Arthur Pickering, Aaron Rice, C. T. Savage, 
John Tyler, Jr., J. S. Wiggin, Directors : Henry Crocker, Secretary ; 
Geo. S. Hillard. Solicitor. 

WASHINGTON INSURANCE COMPANY. 

No. 42 State Street. 
Capital, $200,000 ; Shares, 3,000 ; Par, 3 100. 
Thos. Lamb, President : J. T. Coolidge, Henry Lee, Jr., Wm. B. 
Reynolds, M. H. Simpson, Richard Soule, Sewell Tappan, P. M. 
Parkman, Directors ; Isaac Sweetser, Secretary. 
Dividends, April and October. 



COUNTRY INSURANCE COMPANIES. 273 

COUNTRY INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

Bay State Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Chelsea. Jesse Gould, 
President; Jason B. Loomis, Secretary; J. M. Prince, General 
Agent. 

Bedford Commercial Mutual Marine Insurance Company, New 
Bedford. Capital, $150,000. James Howland, 2d, President; R. R. 
Crocker, Vice-President; H. H. Crapo, Secretary. 

Bowditch Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Salem. Augustus Story, 
President ; John T. Burnham, Secretary. 

Bristol County Mutual Fire Insurance Company, New Bedford. H. 
H. Crapo, President ; J. S. Tillinghast, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Cambridge Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Cambridge. Robert 
Fuller, President ; H. M. Chamberlain, Secretary. 

Clielsea Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Jesse Gould, President ; 
Jason B. Loomis, Secretary. 

Citizens' Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Brighton. Edw. Spar- 
hawk, President ; A. B. Cobb, Secretary. 

City Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Roxbury. Laban S. Beecher, 
President; William Whiting, Secretary. 

Commercial Insurance Company, Nantucket. Capital, §75,000. 
Geo. Cobb, President; Valentine Hussey, Secretary. 

Danvers Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Henry Cook, President ; 
Geo. A. Osborn, Secretary. 

Equitable Marine Mutual Insurance, Provincetown. 

Essex Insurance Company, Salem. Capital, Si 00,000. James B. 
Briggs, President ; Jos. H. Webb, Secretary. 

Essex Mechanics' Mutual Fire Insurance, Salem. James Kimball, 
President and Treasurer ; Nathaniel 1L Allen, Secretary. 

Essex Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Salem. George Nichols, 
President ; J. H. Nichols, Secretary. 

Fairhaven Insurance Company, Fairhaven. Capital, $100,000. 

Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company, Georgetown. David Mighill, 
President ; Wm. Boy n ton, Secretary. 

Gloucester Marine Insurance Company. Capital, 850,000. George 
H. Rogers, President ; Alfred Presson, Secretary. 

Gloucester Mutual Insurance Company. Epes W. Merchant, Pres- 
ident ; Joshua P. Trask, Secretary. 

Haverhill Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Alfred Kittridge, Pres- 
ident; Thomas M. Hayes, Secretary. 

Hingham Mutual Insurance Company. Solomon Lincoln, President ; 
David Harding, Secretary. 

24 



274 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Holyoke Mutual Fire Insurance, Salem. Augustus Story, President ; 
J. T. Burnham, Secretary. 

Lawrence Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Dan Weed, President ; 

C. S. Newell, Secretary. 

Lowell Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Lowell. Horace Howard, 
President ; I. S. Morse, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Lynn Mechanics' Fire and Marine, Lynn. Capital, $50,000. 

Manufacturers' and Mechanics' Fire and Marine Insurance Com- 
pany, Haverhill. Incorporated in 1850. Capital, $50,000; with leave 
to increase to $250,000. Thomas M. Hayes, Secretary. 

Manufacturers' Mutual Insurance Company, Worcester. James 
Shepherd, President ; Samuel Allen, Secretary ; F. W. Paine, Treas- 
urer. 

MarUehead Marine, Marblehead. Capital, $1,000,000. 

Marblehead Mutual Fire Insurance Company. Wm. Fabens, Pres- 
ident ; D. P. Grosvenor, Secretary. 

Merchants' and Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Worces- 
ter. Isaac Davis, President ; Chas. L. Putnam, Secretary. 

Merrimac Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Andover. Samuel 
Merrill, President ; Samuel Gray, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Mechanics' and Farmer^ Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Stock- 
bridge. Charles M. Owen, President ; Jona. E. Field, Secretary ; J. 

D. Adams, Treasurer. 

Middlesex Mutucd Fire Insurance Company, Concord. Dan. Shat- 
tuck, President ; N. Brooks, Secretary. 

Old Colony Insurance Company, Plymouth. Capital, $50,000. 

Oriental Insurance Company, Salem. Capital, $200,000. Nathan 
Endicott, President; Wm. S. Cleveland, Secretary. 

Pacific Insurance Company, New Bedford. Gideon Allen, Pres- 
ident ; Samuel Lumbard, Secretary. 

People's Equitable Fire Insurance Company, Taunton. Albert 
Field, President; P. E. Hill, Secretary. 

People's Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Worcester. Cash Cap- 
ital and Assets, amounting to 3165,000. E. H. Hemmenway, Pres- 
ident; A. Harrington, Secretary; Lorenzo Burge, Agent, 78 State 
Street, Boston. 

Plymouth County Mutual Insurance Company, Wareham. Stephen 
Gibbs, President ; Silvanus Bourne, Secretary. 

Roxbury Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Roxbury. William B. 
Kingsbury, President ; Wm. Whiting, Secretary. 



LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 275 

Salem Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Salem. J. H. Nichols, 
President ; C- S. Nichols, Secretary. 

Union Insurance Company, Provincetown. Capital, $75,000. 

Whaling Insurance Company, New Bedford. Capital, $100,000. 
George Howland, Jr., President ; Borden Wood, Secretary. 

Weymouth and Braintree Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Wey- 
mouth. Appleton Howe, President ; T. R. Hanson, Secretary. 

Worcester Mutual Fire Insurance Company, Worcester. Frederic 
Wm. Paine, President ; Anthony Chase, Secretary. 



LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. 

MASSACHUSETTS HOSPITAL LIFE INSURANCE 
COMPANY. 

No. 50 State Street, Boston. 
CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Nathan Appleton, President ; William Appleton, John Hooper, 
Charles Jackson, George W. Lyman, Robert Hooper, William Minot, 
Josiah Quincy, David Sears, John Tappan, George Ticknor, Joseph 
Tilden, Thomas B. Wales, Samuel A. Eliot, Robert G. Shaw, Benj. 
R. Curtis, Vice-Presidents ; William Amory, Abbott Lawrence, J. I. 
Bowditch, Ebenezer Chadwick, Henry Codman, F. C. Lowell, John 
A. Lowell, Thomas Motley, Ignatius Sargent, William Sturgis, Sam'l 
Austin, J. W. Edmands, George H. Kuhn, Directors; Francis C. 
Lowell, Actuary; Moses L. Hale, Secretary; Edward L.Perkins, 
Receiver; Samuel White, Clerk; Albert Smith, Messenger. 

NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Merchants' Bank Building, 28 State Street. 

Willard Phillips, President ; Charles Browne, C. P. Curtis, Thos. 
A. Dexter, George H. Kuhn, Robert G. ^Shaw, W. R. Lee, Nathan'l 
F. Cunningham, William Perkins, Sewell Tappan, Wm. G. Lambert, 
M. P. Wilder, Directors ; John Homans, M. D., Consulting Physician ; 
Benj. F. Stevens, Secretary. 

Statement of the Business of the Company for the Tear ending 
November 30, 1850. 

1908 Policies outstanding November 30, 1849, $4,338,896 12 

335 " issued 733,380 00 

2243 5,072.276 12 

192 " terminated 361,780 00 

2051 " outstanding November 30, 1850, 4,710496 12 



276 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Premium received on 335 Policies $18,797 27 

" " on previous Policies, 98,395 51 

Received for additional premium, 1,951 22 

119,144 00 
Deduct amount of premium returned and notes cancelled, 4,271 54 

114,872 46 

Add amount received for int'st, divid's, and charge for Policies, 22.253 97 

Total net receipts for the year, $137,126 43 

Losses since Nov. 1849, ($8,000 unpaid.) $39,417 00 

Interest on Guarantee Capital (paid in Jan. 1850,) 3,500 00 

Kent and Salaries, ....'. 4,400 00 

Advertising, Printing, Com. to Agents, Postage, 
Doctors' Fees, Stationery, and all other Inci- 
dental Expenses, 3,871 32 

51,188 32 

Net accumulation for the year 85,938 1 1 

Add " prior, 258,673 18 

$344,611 29 

The property of the Company consists of 

Loans on Mortgage, $167,800 00 

Stocks, 156,486 60 

Loans on personal security, 27,327 54 

Loan to city of Charlestown, 20,000 00 

Real Estate, 7,851 53 

Premium Notes 16,246 34 

Cash in Merchants' Bank, 9.449 70 

$405,161 71 

The Company owe as follows : — 

Guarantee Fund, 50,000 00 

Losses, (unpaid,) 8.000 00 

Balance of First Distribution, 2,550 42 

60,550 42 

$344,611 29 



STATE MUTUAL LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY. 

Of Worcester. 

GUARANTEE CAPITAL STOCK, $100,000. 

Hon. John Davis, President; Hon. Isaac Davis, First Vice-President; 
Stephen Salisbury, Esq., Second Vice-President. 

'Di rectors. — John Davis, of Worcester ; Isaac Davis, do. ; Stephen 
Salisbury, do. ; John Green, do. ; Benjamin F. Heywood, do. ; Joseph 
Sargent, do. ; Charles L. Putnam, do. ; John Brooks, Princeton ; 
Chas. W. Wilder, Leominster ; Elisha P. Fearing, Nantucket ; H. 
W. Cushman, Bernardston ; Henry Chapin, Worcester ; J. Milton 
Earle, do. ; Alex. De Witt, Oxford ; Alfred D. Foster, Worcester ; 



LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY. 277 

F. W. Gale, do. ; Ichabod Washburn, do. ; Emory Washburn, do. ; 
Freeman Upham, do. ; Joseph A. Denny, Leicester ; Charles Wash- 
burn, Worcester ; Horatio N. Bigelow, Lancaster ; William Dickin- 
son, Worcester ; Clarendon Harris, do. 

John Green, Consulting Physician ; B. F. Hey wood, Joseph Sargent, 
Assistant Consulting Physicians ; William Dickinson, Treasurer ; 
Clarendon Harris, Secretary ; John A. Bolles, Agent, Boston. 

This Company commenced issuing Policies on the first of June, 1845, 
and in four years havfe issued 1893 Policies, and received $135,821 in 
premiums ; amount at risk $2,468,420. They have paid, in four years, 
nineteen losses from death of deceased members, amounting to $42,700. 
When this Company was formed, it was the intention of the Directors, 
to fix the rate of cash premiums and deposits at a sum that, together 
with the accruing interest upon investments, should furnish a revenue 
just adequate to pay the interest on the capital, the necessary ex- 
penses incurred in carrying on the business, and to cover losses, but 
it was never their intention to endeavor to accumulate money beyond 
this amount. The rates of premium were prepared with great, care 
on the probabilities of life, according to the Carlyle tables of mor- 
tality, and the experience thus far has verified the correctness of 
these calculations. 

Extract from the Report, made June, 1850. 

BDSINESS STATEMENT. 

Net assets, June 1, 1849, $107,163,33 

Receipts since June 1, 1849. 

Received for Premiums, 51,152,59 

Received for Interest, 9,419,58 

60,572,17 

Total, $167,735,50 

Disbursements. 

Losses paid ' 14,300,00 

Interest on Guarantee Capital payable June 5, 1850, 3,500,00 
Salaries of Officers, advertising, postage, and stationery, 3,229,74 
Commissions allowed Agents for services rendered, 1,650,24 

Premiums returned to assured on policies surrendered, 628,61 

23.308,59 
Balance, being net assets of the Company, June 1, 1850, 144,426.91 

$167,735,50 



The funds of the Company, including the Guarantee Capital Stock paid in, 
are invested as follows, viz : — 

Loans on Mortgage of Real Estate, 58,725,00 

Loans on Personal Securities and Stocks, 77^121,68 

Balances in the hands of Agents, 4,505,92 

Cash in the hands of the Treasurer, 4,074,31 

$144,426,91 

Deposit Notes, not included in the above, 10.869,97 

— $155,296,88 

24* 



278 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Since June last, ten deaths of members assured in eleven policies, 
have occurred, amounting to $18,500,00 

Five losses have been paid, amounting to 5,500 

Six losses are not due, and arc unpaid, amounting to. . . 13,000 

$18,500.00 

While the results of the past year afford no occasion to exult in the extra- 
ordinary augmentation of the number of policies, and of the amount of funds, 
the Directors would call attention to the gratifying fact, that the strength of 
the Company has been considerably increased during a period in which the 
cholera and other kindred diseases have diminished the ordinary probability 
of life in different parts of our country. But three of the losses of this year 
are imputed to cholera, and the Company has been notified of the occurrence 
of no loss in the last six months. With all allowances for the unfavorable 
circumstances of the year, the enlargement of the business has not been en- 
tirely satisfactory to the Directors, and arrangements have already been made 
for a change in agencies which have proved to be inactive or unsatisfactory. 
The well-considered and invariable policy of this Company has been, to pre- 
fer the safety and the mutuality of the assured, to the showy advantages of a 
large number of policies, and an imposing amount of receipts. 



AMERICAN HEALTH INSURANCE COMPANY. 

Haverhill. — Incorporated, 1850. 

Capital, $10,000, with leave to increase to $50,000. 
Isaac Ames, President; Thos. M. Hayes, Secretary and Treasurer. 



BOSTON EXCHANGE COMPANY. 

Robert G. Shaw, President; Andrew E. Belknap, Charles R. Cod- 
man, Samuel Henshaw, James Ingersoll, Henry Timmins, Isaac Liver- 
more, Thomas Lamb, H. Lee, Thaddeus Nichols, P. S. Shelton, J. T. 
Stevenson, Directors ; Samuel Henshaw, Treasurer ; E. P. Whipple, 
Superintendent of Exchange Room. 

EAST BOSTON COMPANY. 

Wm. H. Sumner, President ; Wm. C. Barstow, Treasurer ; C. C. 
Gilbert, B. Lamson, J. Foster, J. A. Davis, A. A. Wellington, L. 
Rice, J. Andrews, C. J. Hendee, Directors ; George F. Wads- 



NEW YORK AND BOSTON MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH 
ASSOCIATION. 

Office, No. 2 Massachusetts Block, Court Square, rear of City Hall. 

Francis J. Smith, President ; Thomas M. Clark, of New York, 
Secretary and Treasurer; L. L. Sadler, Boston, Superintendent. 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 279 

BALNS'S CHEMICAL TELEGRAPH. 

Merchants' Line. 
No. 76 State Street, New Stone Building. 

M. Lefferts, President; Leonard W. Jerome, Secretary. 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 

Boston and Lowell. 

Depot, Lowell Street. Office, 11 l-'2 Tremont Row. 

Completed in 1835. Capital, Si, 830,000. Extent, 26 miles. 
William Sturgis, President; Eben. Chadwick, George W. Lyman, 
Francis C. Lowell, Joseph Tilden, Directors ; J. Thomas Stevenson, 
Treasurer : Henry T. Davis, Clerk ; Waldo Higginson, Agent. 

Boston and Maine Railroad. 

Depot, Haymarket Square. 

Completed in 1843. Extent, 73 miles, not including branches. 
John Howe, Brookline, President ; Geo. H. Kuhn, Boston ; James 
Hayward, Reading ; John Flint, Andover ; Samuel Batchelder, Cam- 
bridge ; Samuel A. Walker, Brookline ; A. Peirce, Dover, Directors ; 
Charles Minot, Superintendent; Horace B. Wilbur, Treasurer (office 
at Passenger Station) ; George Minot, Clerk. 

Boston, Concord, and Montreal. 
Extent, 80 miles ; opened to Meredith Village, 34 miles. 
Josiah Quincy, Rumney, President ; J. M. Whiton, Boston ; Zenas 
Clement, Sanbornton ; S. C. Lyford, Meredith ; Z. Newell, Bath, 
Directors. 

Boston and Providence Railroad. 

Depot, Pleasant Street, opposite Elliot Street. 

Completed in 1835. Capital, .$3,160,000. Extent, 42 miles. 
Charles H. Warren, President ; William Appleton, John Barstow, 
William Amory, Wm. Dwight, George R. Russell, Joseph Grinnell, 
Directors; W. R. Lee, Superintendent,- Edward Pickering, Clerk; 
Henry Dalton, Treasurer. 

Boston and Worcester Railroad. 

Depot and Office, Beach, Corner of Lincoln. 

Completed in 1835. Extent, 44 1-2 miles. 
Thomas Hopkinson, President ; Daniel Denny, George B. Blake, 
Nathaniel Hammond, David Henshaw, Isaac Emery, William Parker, 
B. F. White, Timothy C. Leeds, Directors ; Ginery Twichell, Super- 



280 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

intendent ; George Bemis, Clerk and Solicitor : Horace Williams, 
Treasurer. 

Cape Cod Branch Railroad. 

Office, 16 Merchants' Exchange. 

From Middleboro' Four Corners, to Sandwich, via Wareham. Ex- 
tent, 27 miles. 
J. H. W. Page, President ; M. S. Lincoln, Richard Borden, Amos 
Otis, Benjamin Burgess, Directors ; South worth Shaw, Clerk and 
Treasurer. 

Cheshire Railroad. 

Office, No. 56 State Street. 

From South Ashburnham, through Keene, to Bellows Falls. Com- 
pleted Jan. 1, 1849. Extent, 54 miles. 
Thomas M. Edwards, Keene, President; Thomas Thacher, Boston, 
Hiram Hosmer, Watertown ; Salmah Hale, Benj. F. Adams, Keene ; 
Ephraim Murdock, Jr., Winchendon ; George Huntington, Walpole, 
Directors ; Charles J. Everett, Treasurer. 

Concord Railroad, N. H. 

Office, 7 Merchants' Exchange, Boston. 

From Nashville. 
Isaac Spalding, Nashua, N. H., President ; Uriel Crocker, Em- 
mons Raymond, Boston ; Robert Read, Manchester ; C. H. Peaslee, 
Concord; Josiah Stickney, Robert McGaw, Merrimack, Directors; 
John H. George, Clerk ; Nathaniel P. Lovering, Treasurer. 

Connecticut and Passumpsic Rivers Railroad. 

Office, 7 Merchants' Exchange, Boston. 

From Lebanon, N. H., to Canada Line. Extent, 114 miles. 
Erastus Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury, Vermont, President ; Asa Low, 
Bradford, Vermont, Vice-President ; Addison Gilmore, F. Homer, B. 
B. Mussey, N. H. Emmons, Josiah Stickney, William Thomas, W. F. 
Weld, Oliver Dean, Boston ; Elijah Cleveland, Coventry, Vermont ; 
Joseph Sawyer, Peirmont, N. H. ; Lewis H. Delano, Hardwick, Ver- 
mont ; Henry Keyes, Newbury, Vt. ; E. B. Chase, Lyndon, Vt., 
Directors ; Henry Keyes, Secretary ; Nathaniel P. Lovering, Treas- 



Connecticut River Railroad. 
From Greenfield to Springfield. Completed in 1846. Capital, 

$800,900. Extent, 36 miles, 
Erastus Hopkins, Northampton, President; H. W. Clapp, J. S. 
Morgan, Greenfield ; Samuel Henshaw, James K. Mills, E. H. Rob- 
bins Lemuel Pope, N. H. Emmons, Boston, Directors. 






RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 281 

- Dorchester and Milton Branch Railroad. 

Office, Old Colony Depot, Kneeland Street. 

Wm. Pierce, President; Edward King, Nathan Carruth, Lyman 
Kinsley, Wm. Pierce, E. H. Ruggles, Directors. 

Eastern Railroad. 

Depot, East Boston Ferry. Office, No. 85 ?tate Street. 

Completed in 1840. Capital, $250,000. Extent, 38 miles. 

D. A. Neal, Salem, President ; Isaiah Breed, Lynn ; Ichabod 
Goodwin, Portsmouth, N. H. ; Benjamin T. Reed, Samuel Hooper, 
Boston ; Albert Thorndike, Beverly ; Samuel Philbrick, Brookline ; 
Directors; William H. Foster, Clerk; William S. Tuckerman, 
Treasurer. 

Essex Railroad. 

From Salem to Lawrence. 

Benjamin Wheatland, President ; Eben'r Sutton, Danvers ; G-eo. 
Hodges, Andover ; Francis Freeto, Marblehead ; S. C. Phillips, N. 
B. Mansfield, S. A. Safford, Salem, Directors; S. P. Webb, Clerk 
and Treasurer. 

Fall River Railroad. 

From Braintree to Fall River. Extent, 42 miles. Completed in 1846. 
Capital, $1,050,000. 
N. B. Borden, President; Richard Borden, J. S. Tillinghast, Jef- 
ferson Borden, Peter H. Pierce, C. C. Gilbert, Nahum Stetson, Royal 
Turner, R. Waterston, Directors; David Anthony, Fall River, 
Treasurer. 

Fitchburg Railroad. 

Office, at Passenger Station, Causeway Street. 

Completed in 1845. Capital, S3,320,000. Extent 49 1-2 miles. 

Jacob Forster, Charlestown, President; Horatio Adams, Waltham ; 
Alvah Crocker, Fitchburg ; N. F. Cunningham, E. H. Derby, Henry 

Timmins, Boston ; Israel Longley, Shirley, Directors ; Tilton, 

Superintendent ; John P. Welch, Clerk and Treasurer. 

The Grand Junction Railroad and Depot Company. 

Samuel S. Lewis, President ; John W. Fenno, David Henshaw, 
Boston ; Charles Paine, Northfield, Vt. ; Ichabod Goodwin, Ports- 
mouth, N. H., Directors ; D. Brigham, Jr., Treasurer ; J. P. Robin- 
son, Secretary ; William L. Dearborn, Engineer. 



282 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Kennebec Railroad. 

From Portland to Augusta, and Bninch to Bath.— Office, Eastern Railroad Depot. 

Extent, in all, 65 miles. 
Ruel Williams, President; George Evans, B. T. Reed, G. Patten, 
W. D. Sewall, J. D. Lang, John McKean, Directors; John McKean, 
Treasurer. 

Lexington and West Cambridge Railroad. 

Chas. Hudson, President ; S. Butterfield, Samuel Chandler, James 
Gould, Jas. Dana, G. W. Robinson, S. S. Littlehale, Directors ; Wm, 
Stevens, Treasurer and Clerk. 

Lowell and Lawrence Railroad. 

William Livingston, President; Sidney Spalding, Otis Allen, Fred. 
Parker, Horace Howard, Isaac Farrington, Abner W. Buttrick, Wm. 
Livingston, Directors ; Frederick Parker, Clerk ; John A. Knowles, 
Treasurer. 

Nashua and Lowell Railroad. 

Completed in 1838. Capital, $500,000. Extent, 14i miles, 9i in 

Massachusetts, the rest in New Hampshire. 

Daniel Abbott, Nashville, President ; Jesse Bowers, Nashua ; C. F. 

Gove, Nashville ; T. B. Wales, Henry Timmins, Boston, Directors ; 

Alfred Greeley, Treasurer. 

New Bedford and Taunton Railroad. 
Extent, 20 miles.— Capital, $400,000. 
Joseph Grinnell, President ; David R. Greene, Ward M. Parker, 
Thos. Mandell, Mathew Luce, Thos. S. Hathaway, George Howland, 
Jr., Directors ; Lawrence Grinnell, Treasurer. 

New Hampshire Central Railroad. 
David Steele, Goffstown, President ; Moses A. Hodgdon, Moses 
Sawyer, Weare ; Horace Childs, Henniker ; Perry Richards, New 
Boston ; Bartholomew Smith, Bradford ; George W. Pinkerton, 
Manchester, Directors ; Samuel H. Price, Agent. 

Norfolk County Railroad. 

Office, No. 10, Railroad Exchange.— Capital, $700,000. 

Extent, 26 miles, from Dedham to Blackstone. 
E. D. Ammidown, President ; Welcome Farnum, J. C. Hurd, Ly- 
man Kinsley, John Smith, J. B. Wheelock, Horatio Bigelow, James 
Lee, Jr., Directors ; E. W. Clap, Clerk ; Edward Haynes, Jr., Treas- 
urer ; H. W. Nelson, Superintendent. 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 283 

Northern Railroad. 

From Concord to Lebanon, N. H. — Office, No. 9 Railroad Exchange. 
Completed in 1848. Extent, 70 miles. 
Geo. W. Nesurith, Franklin. N. H., President ; John R. Brewer, 
Wm. J. Walker, Geo. A. Kettell, Boston ; Josiah B. French, Lowell ; 
Joseph B. Walker, Concord, N. H. ; Timothy Kenrick, Lebanon, 
N. H., Directors ; Joseph B. Walker, Clerk ; Geo. A. Kettell, 
Treasurer ; Onslow Stearns, Concord, N. H., Superintendent. 

Norwich and Worcester. 

Completed in 1839. Capital, Si, 653,500. Extent, 66 miles, including 
Branch from Norwich to Allyn's Point, 7 miles. 
Joel W. White, Norwich, President ; R. S. Fay, W. P. Green, 
J. N. Perkins, Daniel B. Allen, Daniel Drew, Edward B. Little, 
Nelson Robinson, Wm. S. Underhill, Edward Bement, New York ; 
A. De Witt, Oxford ; J. A. Rockwell, Norwich, Directors ; F. A. 
Perkins, Norwich, Treasurer. 

Ogdensburgh Railroad. 

Office, No. 14, Merchants' Exchange, Boston. 

T. P. Chandler, President; Robert G. Shaw, T. P. Chandler, 
J. W. Edmands, B. T. Reed, Boston ; Isaac Spalding, Nashua, N. H. 
Charles Paine, Northfield, Vt. ; John Leslie Russell, Canton, N. Y. 
Hiram Horton, Malone, N. Y. ; George V. Hoyle, Champlain, N. Y. 
James H. Titus, New York city ; George N. Seymour, do. do. ; Henry 
Van Rensselaer, do. do., Directors; James G. Hopkins, Ogdensburgh, 
N. Y., Secretary; Wm. T. Eustis, Treasurer ; Col. Chas. H. Schlat- 
ter, Chief Engineer and Superintendent. 

Old Colony Railroad. 

Office at the Depot, Kneeland Street. 

Completed in 1845. Capital paid in, $1,199,300. Extent, 37| miles. 
F. B. Crowninshield, President ; H. H. Hunnewell, Jas. W. Sever, 
Nath'l Whiting, Wm. J. Walker, Wm. Richardson, Directors ; John 
M. Washburn, Treasurer. 

Portland, Saco, and Portsmouth Railroad. 

Office, No. 85 State Street, Boston. 

Completed in 1842. Cost, $1,271,824. Extent, 52 miles. 
David A. Neal, President ; Thomas West, James Hay ward, Boston ; 
Iehabod Goodwin, Portsmouth ; Josiah Calef, Saco ; J. D. Lang, 
N. Berwick ; Charles E. Barrett, Portland, Directors ; J. Sweetser, 
Treasurer. 



284 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Providence and Worcester Railroad. 
Capital, $1,000,000. Extent, 44 miles. 
Orray Taft, President ; Alex. Duncan, John Barstow, M. B. Ives, 
John W. Lincoln, Wm. Foster, G. W. Hallet, James Y. Smith, 
G. L. Spencer, Moses B. Lockwood, Harvey Chase, Joseph Car- 
penter, Paul Whitin, Aaron Rathbun, Directors ; Isaac Hinckley, 
Superintendent. 

Rutland and Burlington Railroad. 

Office, No. 10 Merchants' Exchange. 

Extent, 119 miles, from Bellows Falls to Burlington. 
Timothy Follett,! President ; Geo. T. Hodges, Vice-President ; 
Samuel P. Strong, Charles Linsley, John A. Conant, Chester Granger, 
George T. Hodges, Nathaniel Fullerton, William Henry, John Brad- 
ley, Burlington, Vt. ; Jos. Warner, Middlebury ; Nathan Rice, B. T. 
Reed, John Howe, Directors ; Samuel Henshaw, Treasurer ; Samuel 
Swift, Assistant Treasurer and Clerk ; S. Bigelow, Superintendent. 

Salem and Lowell Railroad. 
Stephen C. Phillips, President ; John Clark, Salem ; William Liv- 
ingston, Sidney Spalding, Lowell ; J. Coggin, Tewksbury ; Eliab 
Parker, Reading ; Daniel P. King, Danvers, Directors ; Stephen 
H. Phillips, Salem, Clerk ; John Clark, Salem, Treasurer. 

South Reading Branch Railroad. 

From Danvers to the B. & M. R. R. at South Reading. 

David Pingree, President ; Thomas P. Pingree, William Sutton, 
Edward Crane, Thomas Emerson, E. W. Upton, Geo. Osborne, 
Directors ; Geo. Osborne, Clerk and Treasurer. 

South Shore Railroad. 

Office, No. 16 Brazer's Building, State Street, Boston. 

From North Braintree to Cohasset. 
Alfred C. Hersey, Boston, President ; William Humphrey, George 
Tyler Bigelow, Boston ; James C. Doane. Laban Souther, Cohasset; 
E. L. White, Braintree ; J. W. Loud, Jos. Loud, Jr., Weymouth, 
Directors ; Gilman Davis, Boston, Treasurer. 

Stony Brook Railroad. 

From Groton, through Westford, N. Chelmsford, and Stony Brook 

Valley, to Lowell. 

Tappan Wentworth, Lowell, President. ; Onslow Stearns, Ziba 

Gay, Nashua ; Luther Prescott, Abel Prescott, Westford ; John 

Clark, John Wright, Sewall G. Marsh, Lowell ; Lincoln Drake, 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 285 

W. Chelmsford, Directors ; George H. Carleton, Treasurer ; Isaac 
S. Morse, Clerk. 

Sullivan Railroad. 

Transfer Office, No. 2 Devonshire Street. 

Wm. Warner, President; Henry Hubbard, Ashbel Hamlin, Charles- 
town, N. H. ; J. B. Upham, Franklin Evans, Boston, Mass. ; Wm. H. 
Farwell, Claremont, N. H. ; J. H. Peck, Burlington, Vt., Directors ; 
Geo. Denny, Treasurer ; P. C. Freeman, Clerk. 

This Road commences at Bellows Falls, where it connects with the 
Cheshire, Burlington, and Rutland Railroads, and extends along the 
Connecticut River twenty-five miles, through the towns of Charles- 
town, Claremont, and Cornish to Windsor, Vt., connecting there 
with the Vermont Central Railroad. Besides being a link in the 
great chain of road from Boston to Lake Champlain, Ogdensburg, 
Montreal, etc., it forms a part of the important line running through 
the valleys of the Passumpsic and Connecticut rivers, and extending, 
via Greenfield, Springfield, Hartford, etc., to New York. 

Taunton Branch Railroad. 

Office, No. 2D Merchants' Exchange. 

Completed in 1836. Capital paid in, $250,000. Extent, 11 miles. 
W. A. Crocker, President ; T. B. Wales, S. Frothingham, J. F. 
Loring, S. Quincy, Directors ; A. E. Swasey, Superintendent ; Ed- 
ward Pickering, Clerk and Treasurer. 

Vermont Central Railroad. 

Office, 27 State Street. 

From Windsor to Lake Champlain at Burlington, uniting with the 
Sullivan Road at Windsor, with the Northern (N. H.) and the 
Passumpsic Roads at the mouth of the White River, and with the 
Vermont & Canada Road at Esse-x. — Extent, 115 miles. 
Charles Paine, Northfield, President ; James R. Langdon, Mont- 

pelier ; John Peck, Burlington ; Joseph Bell, J. H. Peck, J. C. 

Dunn, Boston, Directors ; Josiah Quincy, Jr., Boston, Treasurer ; 

E. P. Walton, Jr., Montpelier, Clerk ; James Moore, Northfield, 

Superintendent ; William Warner, General Agent of Co. 

Vermont and Canada Railroad. 

From Essex to the western line of Vermont, opposite Rouse's Point, 
New York, uniting with the Vermont Central at Essex, with an 
extension of the Rutland and Burlington Road at St. Albans, with 
the Northern, N. Y. (Ogdensburg) Road, and with an extension of 
the St. John's and Laprarie Road, at Rouse's Point. — Extent, 45^- 
miles. 

John Smith, St. Albans, President ; S. S. Lewis, Boston; Law- 
rence Mainard, St. Albans ; Charles Paine and Hiram Carpenter, 

25 



286 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Northfield ; Joseph Clark, Milton, Directors ; Josiah Quincy, Jr., 
Boston, Treasurer ; Lawrence Mainard, St. Albans, Cleric ; H. R. 
Campbell, Lebanon, N. H., Engineer. 

Vermont and Massachusetts Railroad. 

Office, No- Jl Railroad Exchange. 

From Fitchburg to Brattleboro', Vt. Extent, 68 miles. 

Thomas Whittemore, President ; J. J. Swift, Jas. Ellison, Jabez C. 

Howe, Columbus Tyler, Henry Chapman, Greenfield ; Jos. Goodhue, 

Brattleboro', Vt., Daniel Bartlett, Jr., Ivers Phillips, Directors ; John 



Western Railroad. 

Office, No. 13 Railroad Exchange. 

Completed in 1842. Extent, 156 miles. The Albany and West 
Stockbriclge Road, from Albany to State line, 381 miles. It is 
leased by the Western Road. 

, President ; J. M. Williams, Taunton ; Josiah 

Stickney, Boston ; Myron Lawrence, Belchertown ; Whiting Gris- 
wold, Greenfield ; Chester Chapin, Springfield ; Robert Campbell, 
Pittsfield ; A. H. Bullock, Worcester, Directors ; Ellis Gray Loring, 
Clerk : Stephen Fairbanks, Treasurer. 

Worcester and Nashua Railroad. 
Extent, 44 miles'. 
Pliny Merrick, President ; John Davis, Stephen Salisbury, William 
A. Wheeler, Thomas A. Kinnicutt, Worcester ; John A. Rockwell, 
John C. Holland, Norwich ; Alexander De Witt, Oxford ; Horatio 
N. Bigelow, Lancaster ; Asa F. Lawrence, Pepperell ; Thomas W. 
Gillis, Thomas Chase, Nashua ; Nathaniel P. Smith, Groton ; Ed- 
ward Lamb, Boston ; Jacob Fisher, Lancaster ; Cyrus Holbrook, 
Sterling, Directors. 



Western Railroad Credit. 

The Detroit Tribune, remarking upon the facility with which secu- 
rities for Western Railway improvements are negotiated at the East, 
states that, within the past year, the Indiana roads have obtained 
$1,000,000 in loans; within the past month, the Central has raised 
an additional loan of $1,000,000; the Milwaukee and Mississippi 
road, $250,000, and the Chicago and Galena road, $400,000. To 
this is to be added $2,000,000 of stock taken for enterprises of the 
West. 

These facts indicate the faith which capitalists in the Atlantic cities 
have in the immense resources of the West ; and their readiness to 
assist in developing them, results from a foresight of the incalculable 
benefits which are to flow hither from the vast and fruitful regions 
we are contributing to improve. — Philadelphia North American. 




THE CITY OF BOSTON. 
Mayors from 1822 to 1851. 

Elected. 

1822. John Phillips, died, 1828 

1823. Josiah Quincy, resigned, 1829 

1829. Harrison Gray Otis, do 1832 

1832. Charles Wells, do 1834 

1834. Theodore Lyman, Jr., ... do 1836 

1836. Samuel T. Armstrong,. . . do 1837 

1837. Samuel A. Eliot, do 1840 

1840. Jonathan Chapman, do 1843 

1843. Martin Brimmer, do 1845 

1845. Thomas A. Davis, died, 1845 

1845. Josiah Quincy, Jr., resigned, 1848 

1848. John P. Bigelow. 



Presidents of the Common Council 

Elected. Besigned. 

1822. William Prescott, . . .1823 

John Welles, 1824 

Francis J. Oliver,. . .1826 
John R. Adan, 1829 



1823. 
1824. 
1826. 

1829. Elipha. Williams, 1830 1846. George S. Hillard, 

1830. Benj. T. Pickman, . .1832 
1832. John P. Bigelow, . . .1834 



Elected. Resigned. 

1834. Josiah Quincy, Jr.,. .1837 

1837. Philip Marett, 1840 

1840. Edward Blake, ..... 1844 
1844. Peleg W. Chandler, .1846 



1848. Benjamin Seaver, 
1850. Francis Brinley. 



.1847 
. 1849 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Billings Briggs, 
Henry M. Holbrook 
Moses Grant, 



City Officers, 1851. 
John P. Bigelow, Mayor. 

f Moses Kimball, 
J Benj. Smith, 



Ward 1. John Cushins 



James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns 



Aldermen. . , . ^ ,, 

Abel B. Munroe, 

J I Calvin W. Clark. 

Common Council. 

Ward 2. Richard Shackford, 
Cyrus Washburn, 
William H. Calrow, 
James B. Allen. 



288 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Ward 3. Charles Emerson, 
Solomon Carter, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. Henry J. Gardner, 
Harvey Jewell, 
James Lawrence, 
Asa Swallow. 

Ward 5. Benj. Beal, 

Avery Plumer, Jr., 
A. G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. John P. Putnam, 
Ebenezer Dale, 
Charles Brown, 
Henry Lincoln. 

Ward 7. Francis Brinley, 

John B. Dexter, Jr. 
David Chapin, 
James W. Sever. 



Ward 8. Francis C. Manning, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
O. B. Dorrance, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 9. Francis Richards, 
ST. A. Thompson, 
Peter C. Jones, 
Edward S. Erving. 

Ward 10. Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward 11. Theodore P. Hale, 
Albert T. Minot, 
B. N. Cumings, 
Andrew J. Loud. 

Ward 12. Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard, 
Joseph Smith. 



Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk; W. P. Gregg, Clerk of the Com- 
mon Council; James C. Dunn, City and County Treasurer and Col- 
lector; P. W. Chandler, City Solicitor; Elisha Copeland, Auditor of 
Accounts ; Francis Tukey, City Marshal ; Hezekiah Earl, Deputy 
City Marshal ; Daniel Rhodes, Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market ; Thos. 
Hunting, Superintendent of Streets ; Charles B. Wells, Superintendent 
of Common Sewers; James McAllaster, Superintendent of Public 
Buildings; Stephen Tucker, Superintendent of Public Lands ; Henry 
G. Clark, M. D., Port Physician; Drs. John C. Warren, Geo. Hay- 
ward, George C. Shattuck, Jacob Bigelow, John Ware, Consulting 
Physicians; Artemas Simonds, City Registrar ; Jonathan Bruce, 
Keeper of Rainsford Island, and Captain of Quarantine Boat. 

Overseers of the Poor. 



Ward 1. Alexander Wood. 

2. Thomas Gore. 

3. Thomas Patten. 

4. S. S. Littlehale. 

5. Daniel Henchman. 

6. Thomas Haviland. 



7. J. W. Warren, Jr. 

8. Joseph Lewis. 

9. Calvin Whiting. 

10. J. F. W. Lane. 

11. Henry R. Andrews. 

12. Thomas Blasland. 



James Phillips, Secretary. 

The Board meet on the afternoon of the first Wednesday of every 
month, at their office, City Hall. 



George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, Geo. Jackson, Henry Sargent 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



289 



School Committee. 
The Mayor and President of the Common Council. 

Ward 1. Benson Leavitt, | Ward 7. Hamilton Willis, 

Edward Beecher. Z. B. Adams. 

Ward 2. Wm. H. Thorndike, Ward 8. Samuel W. Bates, 

Silas B. Hahn. Rev. J. I. T. Coolidge. 



Ward 9. Joseph M. Wightman, 

Samuel E. Guild. 
Ward 10. Joseph B. Felt, 

George M. Randall. 
Ward 11. George Eaton, 

Wm. H. Foster. 
Ward 12. Alvan Simonds, 

Francis Alger. 



Ward 3. E. D. G. Palmer, 

Pharcellus Church. 
Ward 4. Samuel K. Lothrop, 

Hubbard Winslow. 
Ward 5. Frederick Emerson, 

Loring Norcross. 
Ward 6. Sampson Reed, 

Frederick U. Tracy. 

Primary School Committee. 
Eben Jones, President ; Alvan Simonds, Secretary. 
Standing Committee. — J. M. Wightman, Chairman; Alvan Simonds, 
Secretary ; F. A. Sumner, John Woart, Eben Jones, John Spence, 
Jr., Richard Soule, Jr., David Kimball, Thomas Wilder, E. D. G. 
Palmer, Wm. Butters, Samuel B. Cruft, Albert Bowker, Oliver Car- 
ter, S. L. Abbott, S. F. Mc Geary, Jr. 

Executive Committee. — Joseph M. Wightman, Chairman ; Alvan 
Simonds, Secretary ; James B. Dow, John Woart, David Kimball, 
Thomas Wilder, Albert Bowker, S. F. McCleary, Jr., William H. Cal- 
row, Moses J. Gove, Theodore D. Cook, George M. Randall, Free- 
born F. Raymond, Francis Brown, Benjamin H.Greene, LutherParks, 
Jr., Oliver Dimon, Alexander H. Rice, Thomas S. Wright, George 
W. Parmenter, Charles E. Wiggin. 



CD 



Directors of the House of Industry and the House of Reformation. 

Thomas Hollis, Chairman ; Nathaniel H. Emmons, Samuel Leeds, 
Artemas Simonds, Thomas Tarbell, A. A. Wellington, Geo. Whitte- 
more, Wm. Dall. 

The Board meet every Thursday alternately, at the House of In- 
dustry, and at their Office in City Hall. 

Friend Crane, Superintendent ; Rev. Irah Chase, Chaplain. 

Overseers of the House of Correction. 
Wm. T. Andrews, Chairman ; Uriel Crocker, George Darracott, 
James Clark. 

Charles Robbins, Master ; S. W. Willson, Chaplain ; E. P. Harts- 
horn, Clerk. 

Boston Lunatic Hospital. 
Charles H. Stedman, M. D., Superintendent and Physician ; Sum- 
ner Crosby, Steward. 

25* 



290 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Fire Department. 

William Barnicoat, Chief Engineer ; Charles S. Clark, Joshua Ja- 
cobs, George W. Bird, John Davis, Jr., Elisha Smith, Jr., Theodore 
P. Bowker, Anson Ellms, Frederic A. Colburn, Jonathan Pierce, 
Assistant Engineers ; Henry Hart, Clerk. 

WARD OFFICERS. 

Ward 1. Wm. Eaton, Warden; Charles A. Turner, Clerk ; Wm. 
D. Miller, George H. Ames, John D. W. Joy, Wm. Deblois, E. H. 
Snelling, Jr., Inspectors. 

Ward 2. Richard Libbey, Warden ; Gaius Allen, Clerk ; Rob't 
R. Kent, Mark Googins, Edw'd Snow, John Rand, Geo. H. Miles, 
Inspectors. 

Ward 3. Ephraim Nute, Warden ; Nathan H. Hartwell, Clerk ; 
Geo. H. Lane, Jonas G. Shillaber, Hiland Lockwood, James W. Rus- 
sell, Timothy K. Tripp, Inspectors. 

Ward 4. George M. Brown, Warden ; J. Franklin Bates, Clerk ; 
Henry C. Brooks, Eben W.Rollins, Thomas F. Nutter, John H. Reed, 
George H. Russell, Inspectors. 

Ward 5. E. H. Little, Warden; A. E. Johonnot, Clerk; Ed- 
ward H. Tombs, John S. Pear, Joel W. Norcross, Edmund M. Con- 
verse, Geo. H. Wyman, Inspectors. 

Ward 6. David Kimball, Warden ; J. Mason Parker, Clerk ; 
N. M. Keen, Edward M. Carey, Theo. Baker, S. Bartlett, Jr., J. C. 
Dunn, Jr., Inspectors. 

Ward 7. Chas. H. Brown, Warden; Joseph M. Bell, Clerk; 
W. C. Merriam, H. E. Bayley, Geo. Dickinson, Geo. L. Pratt, 
Henry A. Whitney, Inspectors. 

Ward 8. Clement Willis, Warden ; Stephen G. Deblois, Clerk ; 
Abram French, Reuben J. Todd, R. B. Lincoln, Joseph Lovejoy, 
Geo. H. Brown, Inspectors. 

Ward 9. Jesse Maynard, Warden; Francis G. Whiston, Clerk; 
Lewis Wentworth, Edward C. Wheelock, W. C. Eayrs, William 
W. Baker, Geo. G. Williams, Inspectors. 

Ward 10. Henry W. Dutton, Warden; George F. Woodman, Clerk; 
Jesse Tirrell, Daniel Brown, E. T. Russell, Jr., W. A. Bell, Benj. 
F. Blood, Inspectors. 

Ward 11. Stephen Tucker, Warden ; John A. Cummings, Clerk ; 
Wm. W. Keith, Geo. Palmer, Moses H. Call, David W. Child, Charles 
Caverly, Inspectors. 

Ward 12. John D. Richardson, Warden; Francis Jones, Clerk; 
Warren Kimball, Stephen A. Stackpole, James F. Whittemore, Al- 
vin Howard, Wm. A. Sprague, Inspectors. 



CITY OF BOSTON. 291 



Extracts from Mayor Bigeloav's Inaugural Address, 
Delivered January 6, 1851. 

EDUCATION. 

'' There are at this time, in attendance upon our public schools, 
nearly 21,000 pupils. The whole number of these schools, (viz : the 
Primary, Grammar, English High, and Latin Schools) is two hundred. 
Within the year there has been expended from the City Treasury, 
for instruction, $182,000 ; for repairs, fuel, and other incidental ex- 
penses of schoolhouses, $56,500; for new schoolhouses, $56,000, — 
the aggregate amounting to $294,500. The public schools, in gene- 
ral, are in a highly satisfactory condition, and the Committees having 
them in charge have been diligently faithful to their responsible trusts. 
With all the excellence of our system of instruction, I think it has 
an important failing, in the endeavor to accomplish too much, — 
especially, when I consider the limited time during which our youth 
can have the benefit of the schools. A less number of studies, care- 
fully reserving those having the most important practical bearing 
upon mental improvement, would secure the great ends of popular 
education better than ambitious endeavors to teach almost everything. 
These, in too many cases, result in an imperfect acquaintance, on the 
part of the pupil, with those branches which are most essential to his 
progress and happiness in life." 



CRIME AND PAUPERISM. 

" There are at this time, in our jail and houses of correction and 
reformation, 573 individuals confined for offences against the laws. 
There are 204 patients in our hospital for the insane, and 1,254 pau- 
pers in the almshouses at South Boston and Deer Island. During the 
year, "out-door relief," amounting to $18,600, has been extended by 
the Overseers of the Poor to a great number of distressed persons. 
The cost of this relief, and support of prisoners, lunatics, and paupers 
during the year, including all expenses of. carrying on the several 
establishments, amounts to $1 79,000. These expenses do not include 
the cost of the new edifices. In offset to the foregoing amount, the 
City has received, or is entitled to, from the Commonwealth, on ac- 
count of State paupers and lunatics, $36,000. Of the inmates of our 
almshouses and lunatic hospital, a great majority are natives of other 
countries. Many of this class, including imbeciles both in body and 
mind, were paupers in the country whence they came, and nearly all 
were utterly destitute upon their arrival here. The emigration of such 
as these, is a flagrant abuse of the hospitalities of a nation which 
welcomes to its shores the honest and industrious of every land, who 



292 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

are capable of sustaining a proportionate share in developing the 
resources, and promoting the welfare, of their adopted country. 
An abuse so injurious to the interests of the Republic, and bearing 
with such peculiar hardship upon the Atlantic cities, calls urgently for 
the corrective interference of the General Government. I recom- 
mend that it be made the subject of a respectful memorial on the part 
of the City Council to the National Congress. 

" The new almshouse upon Deer Island is nearly completed. It is 
built in a plain and substantial manner, being indestructible by fire 
— a calamity which is a constant subject of apprehension in reference 
to the edifices now in use upon that island. Its cost amounts to 
about $150,000, and it is capable of containing two thousand inmates. 
I am of opinion that it will be found expedient to remove to this edifice, 
when finished, all the inmates of the House of Industry (at South Bos- 
ton). Advantages will doubtless result, both in regard to economy 
and simplicity of administration, by concentrating all that class of 
unfortunates within a single establishment." 



WATERWORKS. 

"I congratulate you upon the very gratifying fact, that every section 
of the City is now supplied with Pure Water. The aqueduct to East 
Boston, has been completed in a most skilful and substantial manner, 
and the distribution-pipes now connect with the dwellings and work- 
shops of that thriving place. The expense of the aqueduct, extending 
more than three miles in length, and crossing three wide estuaries, 
has been $140,000, that of the reservoir on Eagle Hill, $60,000, and 
that of the distribution, $113,000 ; the whole amounting to $313,000, 
(including cost of land,) and being about $140,000 less than the origi- 
nal estimate. 

" The whole cost of the Cochituate Waterworks to the present time, 
(including those just alluded to,) amounts to $4,321,000, not including 
interest on loans. The actual debt for this object is about $5,000,000, 
a part of which is at five per cent, interest. The aggregate length of 
streets, lanes, and courts, through which the main and distribution 
pipes are laid, exceeds 96 miles. There are, at this time, 13,463 takers 
of the water. The income during the twelve months, has been about 
$100,000, and under the new rates will probably amount to $175,000 
for the current year, — leaving a balance of interest on the water-loan 
of about $90,000 unprovided for. This balance, I trust, will be de- 
frayed by the annual tax, as I do not suppose it will be your policy 
to permit the debt to acumulate. Great and onerous as has been the 
cost of the introduction and distribution of water, I cannot think that 
any citizen would consent to relinquish the blessings resulting from 
the undertaking, for a remuneration of the expense incurred." 



CITY OP BOSTON. 293 



CITY DEBT. 



" The City Debt, exclusive of that contracted for water, amounted, 
on 1st instant, to $1,756,000, the same being nominally greater than 
it was a year since by the sum of $133,000. By the recent sale, how- 
ever, of a portion of the Neck lands, already alluded to, the City has 
come into possession of available securities, bearing interest, to an 
amount which exceeds the increase of the debt by nearly $200,000. 
Of available means, to meet the debt, we have bonds, mortgages, etc., 
to the amount of $465,000 and the City Wharf, valued at $500,000 ; 
to say nothing of the Market and Old State House (jointly yielding, 
under the new leases, about $46,000 per annum), and nearly ten 
millions of feet of uplands and flats in the 11th and 12th Wards. 
The total expenditures from the City Treasury, during the recent 
municipal year, (exclusive of those on account of the waterworks,) 
have amounted to $1,940,000, of which sum $1,373,000 have been paid 
for ordinary purposes ; $230,000 on account of City debt ; and 
$356,000 on account of filling up South Bay, and for carrying on 
construction of almshouse and jail. 

" As taxable property is rapidly accumulating in our midst, and as 
we now have a right to anticipate large annual receipts from sales of 
lands, I see no reason to doubt that the City debt (proper) may be 
easily and entirely extinguished within a very few years. To con- 
duce to an event so desirable, it behooves us to enter upon no new 
project involving great expense, and to administer the finances of 
the City with all the economy which is consistent with its interest 
and honor." 



FIRES in 1850. 



Loss of Property, $123,660 

Insurance, 76,197 



Number of Fires, 147 

Number of False Alarms, 36 

" " Burning Chimneys, 15 

Alarms out of the City, 42 

Total number of Alarms, 240 



1771, 



294 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



POLITICAL ORATORS OF BOSTON, 

From March 5, 1771, to July 4, 1850 ; with the date and the occasion. 

March 5. Thomas Young, on the Boston Massacre. 

April 2. James Lovell, u li 

1772. March 5. Joseph Warren, " ' ; 

1773. March 5. Benj. Church, 

1774. March 5. John Hancock, " 

1775. March 5. Joseph Warren, " " 

1776. March 5. Peter Thacher, 

April 8. Perez Morton, oration over the remains of Gen. Warren, for 
the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. 

1777. March 5. Benj. Hichhorn, on the Boston Massacre. 

July 4. William Gordon, for the Legislature of Massachusetts, on 
National Independence. 

1778. March 5. Jona. W. Austin, on the Boston Massacre. 

1779. March 5. William Tudor, " " 

1780. March 5. Jonathan Mason, " " 

1781. March 5. Thomas Dawes, " " 

1782. March 5. George R. Minot, " 

1783. March 5. Thomas Welsh, " :t 

July 4. John Warren, the first Boston orator on Nat. Independence. 

1784. July 4. Benjamin Hichborn, Town orator. 

1785. July 4. John Gardiner, " 

1786. July 4. Jonathan Loring Austin, " 

1787. July 4. Thomas Dawes, [' 

John Brooks. Massachusetts Society of Cincinnati. 

1788. July 4. Harrison Gray Otis, Town orator. 
July 4. William Hull, Mass. Soc. of Cincinnati. 

1789. July 4. Samuel Stillman, Town orator. 
July 4. Samuel Whitwell, Mass. Soc. of Cincinnati. 

1790. July 4 William Tudor, 

July 4. Edward Grav, Town orator. 

1791. July 4. Thomas Crafts, 

1792. July 4. Joseph Blake, Jr., 

1793. July 4. John Quincv Adams, ' : 

1794. Julv 4. John Phillips, " 

1795. July 4. George Blake, 

1796. July 4. John Lathrop, " 

1797. July 4. John Callender, 

1798. July 4. Josiah Quincy, " 

1799. July 4. John Lowell, " 

July 17. Robert Treat Paine, on the Dissolution of the Treaty with 

France. 
Dec. 29. John Thornton Rirkland, Eulogy on Washington, Town. 

1800. Feb. 8. Fisher Ames, * ' "State orator. 
Feb. 11. Timothy Bigelow, " for the Mass. Grand Lodge. 
Feb. 19. John Davis, Eulogy on Washington, for A. Acad. Arts&S. 

4. George Blake, " for St. John's Lodge. 





Feb. 


1801. 
1802. 


July 
July 
Julv 


1803. 
1804. 


July 
Julv 


1805. 


July 


1806. 


July 
July 



4. Joseph Hall, Town orator, 

4. Charles Paine, " 

4. William Emerson, " 

4. William Sullivan, 
4. Thomas Danforth, " 

4. Warren Dutton, " 

Ebenezer French, Democratic. 

4. Francis Dana Charming, Town orator. 
4. Joseph Gleason, Jr., orator Democratic Young Men of Boston. 



CITY OF BOSTON. 295 

1807. July 4. P. Oxenbridge Thacher, Town orator. 

1808. July .4. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., 

Charles Pinckney Sumner, Demo. 

1809. July 4. William Tudor, Town orator. 

July 4. William Charles White, Bunker Hill Association. 
July 4. David Everett, '' 

1810. July 4. Alexander Townsend, Town orator. 

July 4. Daniel Waldo Lincoln, Bunker Hill Association. 

1811. July 4. Alexander Scammell Dearborn. Bunker Hill Association. 

1812. July 4. Benjamin Pollard, Town orator. " 

1813. July 4. Edward St. Loe Livermore. " 

1814. July 4. Benjamin Whitwell, " 

1815. Apr. 30. Horace Holley, for the Washington Benevolent Society. 
July 4. Lemuel Shaw, Town orator. 

William Gale, Washington Society. 

1816. July 4. George Sullivan, Town orator. 
July 4. Ashur Ware, for the Washington Society. 

1 81 7. July 4. Edw. Tyrrell Charming, Town orator. 

1818. July 4. Francis Callev Gray, 

1819. July 4. Franklin Dexter, * " 
July 4. Samuel Adams Wells, Democratic. 

1820. July 4. Theodore Lyman, Jr., Town orator. 
July 4. Henry One, Democratic. 

1821. July 4. Charles Greely Loring, Town orator. 
July 4. Gerry Fairbanks, Democratic. 

1822. July 4. John Chipman Grav, City orator. 

1823. July 4. Charles Pelham Curtis, 

July 4. Joseph Bartlett, Volunteer. 

1824. July 4. Francis Bassett, City orator. 
July 4. John Everett, Democratic. 

1825. July 4. Charles Sprague, City orator. 

1826. July 4. David Lee Child, Democratic. 
July 4. Josiah Quincy, City orator. 

Aug. 2. Daniel Webster, Eulogy on Adams and Jefferson 
Aug. 5. Samuel Lorenzo Knapp, " ; ' 

July 4. William Emmons, Volunteer. 

1827. July 4. William Powell Mason. City orator. 

1828. Jan. 8. Nathaniel Greene, Democratic, on the Battle of New Orleans. 
July 4. Bradford Sumner, - City orator. 

July 4. James Davis Knowles, for the Baptist Societies. 
July 4. Joseph Hardy Prince, Wash. Soc. 

1829. Mar. 4. John Warren James, Democratic. 
July 4. James Trecothic Austin, City orator. 

1830. July 4. Alexander Hill Everett, 

July 4. Henry Barney Smith, Wash. Soc. 

1831. July 4. John'Gorham Palfrey, City orator. 

July 4. William Foster Otis, Young Men of Boston. 
July 11. Timothy Fuller, Anti-Masonic. 

July 4. Charles Gordon Greene. Wash. Soc. 

1832. July 4. Josiah Quincy, Jr., City orator. 

July 4. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Boston Regiment. 

July 4. Andrew Dunlap, for the Washington Society. 

1833. July 4. Edward G. Prescott, City orator. 
July 4. John Wade Jr., Wash. Soc, 

July 4. Amasa Walker, for twelve Young Men's Societies. 

July 4. Caleb Cushing, for the Massachusetts Colonization Societv. 

1834. July 4. Richard Sullivan Fay, City orator. 
July 4. Frederick Robinson, for the Trades Union. 
Sept. 6. Edward Everett, Eulogy on Lafayette. 



296 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

1835. July 4. George StillmanHillard, City orator. 

July 4. Jerome Van Crowninshield Smith, for South Boston. 

July 4. Theophilus Fiskc, Trades Union. 

Oct. 15. Joseph Story, Eulogy on Chief Justice Marshall. 

1836. July 4. Henry Willis Kinsman, City orator. 
July 4. David Henshaw, Democratic. 

1837. Julv 4. Jonathan Chapman. City orator. 
July 4. Edward Craft, Wash. Soc. 

1838. July 4. Hubbard Winslow, City orator. 

July 4. William Lloyd Garrison, for the Mass. Anti- Slavery Soc. 

1839. July 4. Ivers James Austin, City orator. 

1840. July 4. Thomas Power, " 

1841. Apr. 21. Rufus Choate, Eulogy on President Harrison. 
July 4. George Ticknor Curtis, City orator. 

1842. July 4. Horace Mann, " 

1843. July 4. Charles Francis Adams, " 

1844. July 4. Peleg Whitman Chandler, " 

1845. July 4. Charles Sumner, " 

July 9 Pliny Merrick, Eulogy on President Jackson. 

1846. July 4. Fletcher Webster, City orator. 

1847. July 4. Thomas Greaves Cary, 

1848. July 4. Joel Giles, ' ; 

July 4. Robert Charles Winthrop, Washington Monument. 

1849. July 4. W.Whitwell Greenough, City orator. 

July 25. Levi Woodbury. Eulogy on President Polk. 

1850. July 4. Edwin Perry Whipple. City orator. 

■ This catalogue forms the basis of a work, entitled " The Hundred Boston 
Orators, comprising Historical and Political Gatherings," edited by James 
Speare Loring, in preparation for the press. 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS (1850) IN BOSTON. 

The intentions of marriage entered at the City Registrar's office 
the past year numbered 2,557, of which 816 were during the last 
quarter. This is a large increase over former years. — The whole 
number of deaths in 1850 was 3,600, a decrease of 1,579 from the 
year previous. 

EMIGRANTS. 

Number of foreign vessels and emigrants which have arrived at 
this port, during the year 1850 : — 

Whole number of vessels is 1,007 

Number of passengers 30,075 

Of this number, 5,680 had been in the State before ; for 
21,476 commutation-money was paid by masters or owners of vessels, 
and for 1,200 security was taken that they should not become a pub- 
lic charge during their natural life. About 20,000 of this number 
were from Ireland, and the remainder from other ports in Europe 
and the British Provinces. There have also arrived, overland, by 
railroad, about 10,000, chiefly from British Provinces and New York. 
One hundred and sixteen thousand Irish emigrants arrived at 
New York in 1850, being four thousand more than in 1849. 




THE CITY OP SALEM. 
Officers, 1850-1. 
Nathaniel Silsbee, Jr., Mayor. 
Stephen B. Ives, ) ( John Russell, 

John Dwyer, r Aldermen. < Aaron Perkins, 

Thomas Trask, ) ( Joseph Dalton. 

Common Council. 
Benjamin Wheatland, President. 



Ward 1. Thomas Needham, 
John Whipple, 
Lemuel B. Hatch, 
Eben'r K. Lakeman, 
Horace L. Conolly, 
Simon O. Dalrymple. 

Ward 2. Augustus Story, 
Henry B. Smith, 
William Hunt, 
Nehemiah Brown, Jr., 
Augustus T. Brooks, 
Wm. S. Roberts. 



Ward 3. Chas. M. Richardson, 
Nathaniel K. Allen, 
Andrew M. Chipman, 
Joseph Andrews, 
John Jewett, 
Winthrop Sargent. 

Ward 4. Benjamin Wheatland, 
Joshua Phippen, 
Joshua B. F. Osgood, 
Edward H. Dalton, 
Edward B. Arnold, 
Ephraim Annable. 



J. Coultman, City Clerk ; N. Cleaves, Clerk of Common Council ; 
J. Felt, Treasurer and Collector ; N. D. Symonds, City Marshal ; J. 
Perley, Nathaniel Appleton, Jonathan Tucker, Assessors. 

School Committee. — Nathaniel Silsbee, Jr., Benjamin Wheatland, 
ex-officio, and Geo. F. Browne, Thomas Cole, G. C. S. Choate, Jos. 
Chisholm, O. B. Frothingham, Wm. R. Gavett, Stephen B. Ives, Jr., 
W. M. Jacobs, Wm. Kimball, T. H. Lefavour, Wm. F. Nichols, Chas. 
F. Putnam, Jos. H. Phippen, Geo. A. Perkins, Thos. Symonds, Jr., 
Jonathan Tucker, Henry Wheatland, Saml. B. Walcott, and Stephen 
Whitmore, Jr. 26 



298 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 





f 



THE CITY OP LOWELL. 

Members of the City Council, 1850-1. 
James H. B. Ayer, Mayor. 
William Fiske, 1 

Ambrose Lawrence, ^ AMermen , 
James JTownsend, ■ 
Philip Hardy, J 

Common 

Ward 1. James Watson, 

Jonathan Smothers, 

Charles B. Coburn, 

Stephen Moar. 
Ward 2. Linus Child, 

George Gardner, 

Samuel J. Varney, 

Zechariah B. Caverly 
Ward 3. Fordyce Coburn, 

Darius C. Brown, 

William Twichell, 

Benj. C. Sargent. 

School Committee. 

Ward 1. John Maynard. I Ward 4. Horace Howard. 

" 2. William Barry. " 5. William H. Brewster. 

" 3. Nathan Allen. " 6. John B. McAlvin. 

INCORPORATED COMPANIES IN LOWELL.* 

Merrimack Manufacturing Company, incorporated in 1822. Cap- 
ital, $2,500,000. Extent, 6 mills and printworks; spindles, 68,768; 
looms, 2,012; females employed, 1,500; males do., 645 ; yards made 
per week, 310,000; cotton consumed per week, 67,000 pounds. I. 
Hinckley, Agent. 

Hamilton Manufacturing Company, incorporated in 1825. Capital, 
$1,200,000. Extent, 4 mills and print works; spindles, 38,416; 

* We are indebted for these statistics to Mr. Henry Emery, publisher of an interest- 
ing sheet, entitled "Statistics, &c." 



William North, 
Abiel Bolfe, 
Lucius A. Cutler, 
(_ Joshua Converse. 

Council. 

Ward 4. Benjamin Goddard, 

Richard Dennis, 

Holland Streeter, 

Solomon D. Emerson. 
Ward 5. George P. Elliot, 

Edward Fifield, 

John A. Ford, 

Theodore H. Sweetser. 
Ward 6. George W. Worthen, 
George W. Jones, 
Stephen P. Sargent, 

Albert Mallard. 



300 MASSACHUSETTS" STATE RECORD. 

looms, 1,124; females employed, 940; males do., 367; yards made 
per week, 200,000 ; cotton consumed per week, 66,000 pounds. J. 
Avery, Jigent. 

Appleton Company, incorporated in 1828. Capital, $600,000. Ex- 
tent, 2 mills; spindles, 17,920; looms, 600; females employed, 400 ; 
males do., 120 ; yards made per week, 140,000 ; cotton consumed per 
week, 50,000 pounds. George Motley, Agent. 

Lowell Manufacturing Company, incorporated in 1828. Capital, 
$1,500,000. Extent, 1 spinning, 1 carpet, and 1 cotton mill; spin- 
dles, 4,200 wool, 7,142 cotton; looms, 220 cotton, 124 power carpet; 
females employed, 550; males do., 225 ; yards made per week, 12,- 
000 yards carpet, 40 rugs, 95,000 yards of cotton ; cotton consumed 
per week, 50,000 pounds ; wool, 36,000 pounds. Alex. Wright, Agent. 

Middlesex Company, incorporated in 1830. Capital, $1,000,000. 
Extent, 4 mills and 3 dye-houses ; spindles, 16,340 ; looms, 75 broad- 
cloth, 328 cassimere; females employed, 730; males do., 575; yards 
made per week ; 16,587 cassimere, 3,890 broadcloth ; wool consumed, 
33,000 pounds. O. H. Perry, Agent. 

Suffolk Manufacturing Company, incorporated in 1830. Capital, 
$600,000. Extent, 3 mills; spindles, 14,448; looms, 590; females 
employed, 400; males do., 100; yards made per week, 120,000; 
cotton consumed per week, 48,000 pounds. John Wright, Agent. 

Tremont Mills, incorporated in 1830. Capital, $600,000. Extent, 
2 mills; spindles, 14,560; looms, 557; females employed, 400 ; males 
do., 100 ; yards made per week, 140,000 ; cotton consumed per 
week, 42,000. Charles L. Tilden, Agent. 

Lawrence Manufacturing Company, incorporated in 1830. Capital, 
$1,500,000. Extent, 5 mills ; spindles, 44,800 ; looms, 1,364 ; fe- 
males employed, 1,200 ; males do., 200 ; yards made per week,260,000 ; 
cotton consumed per week, 95,000 pounds. W. S. Southworth, Agent. 

Boott Cotton Mills, incorporated in 1835. Capital, $1,200,000. 
Extent 5 mills ; spindles, 47,632 ; looms, 1,432 ; females employed, 
870 ; males do., 262, including mule tenders ; yards made per week, 
270,000 ; cotton consumed per week, 85,000 pounds. L. Child, Agent. 

Massachusetts Cotton Mills, incorporated in 1839. Capital, $1,800,- 
000. Extent, 6 mills; spindles, 45,720 ; looms, 1,459 ; females em- 
ployed, 1,250 ; males do., 250 ; yards made per week, 475,000 ; cotton 
consumed per week, 150,000, pounds. Joseph White, Agent. 

Lowell Bleachery, incorporated in 1832. Capital, $210,000. Ex- 
tent, bleachery and dye-works ; females employed, 20 ; males do., 
200. C. A. Babcock, Agent. 

Lowell Machine Shop, incorporated in 1845. Capital, $600,000. 
Extent, 2 shops, smithy, and foundry; males employed, 700; 4,500 
tons wrought and cast iron per annum. Wm. A. Burke, Agent. 

Total amount of capital, $13,210,000. Total number of mills, 50 ; 
spindles, 319,946; looms, 9,885. Females employed, 8,260, males 
do., 3,744 ; yards made per week, 2,110,000 cotton, 20,477 woollen, 
12,000 carpets, 40 rugs ; cotton cons'd,653,000 ; and wool 69,000 pnds. 




CITY OF ROXBURY. 

Officers, 1850-51. 
Henry A. S. Dearborn, Mayor. 



Daniel Jackson, 
John L. Plummer, 
Richard Ward, 
Calvin Young, 



Aldermen. 



r George Curtis, 
J Theodore Dunn, 
I Hiram Hall, 
I Geo. Brown. 



Common Council. 
William A. Crafts, President. 



Ward 1. Reuben Winslow, 
Dan'l P. Upton, 
John R. Howard. 

Ward 2. Thacher Sweat, 

Uriah T. Brownell, 
William Seaver. 

Ward 3. William A. Crafts, 
William Gaston, 
Joseph Crawshaw. 

Ward 4. Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Geo. Davenport. 



Ward 5. Samuel Walker, 

Aaron D. Williams, Jr., 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 6. H. B. Stiles, 

John Richardson, 



Ward 7. J. Phillips George, 

J. C. Pratt, 

William D. Ticknor. 
Ward 8. Cornelius Cowing, 

Aaron Cass, 

J. W. Wason. 



Joseph W. Tucker, City Clerk and Clerk of Board of Aldermen : 
Joshua Seaver, Clerk of Common Council ; Horace Bacon, City Mes- 
senger ; Isaac H. Meserve, Superintendent of Almshouse ; Benjamin 
E. Cotting, M. D., Almshouse Physician ; Isaac H. Meserve, Pound- 
keeper ; Ira Allen, City Marshal. Overseers of the Poor, the Mayor, 
ex officio, Chairman ; Warren Marsh, Ira Allen, Thomas Simmons, 
Hosea B. Stiles, Moses Cragg, George Gregerson, Dr. C. M. Weld, 
Michael Whittemore. J. W. Dudley, Treasurer and Collector ; 
Abraham F. Howe, Joshua Seaver, John Fowle, Assessors ; Mo- 
ses Cragg, Hosea B. Stiles, Geo. W. Mann, Commissioners of Streets. 

26* 



302 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



School Committee. 

Elected at Large. — Rev. John Wayland, Rev. Thomas D. Ander- 
son, Theodore Dunn. 

Elected in Wards. — Ward 1, Horatio G. Morse, Bradford K. 
Pierce ; Ward 2, Joshua Seaver, Ira Allen ; Ward 3, J. S. Shailer, 
Wm. Gaston ; Ward 4, Henry W. Fuller, John S. Flint ; Ward 5, 
Daniel Leach, Chas. F. Foster ; Ward 6, Edmund F. Slafter, Edw. 
D. Boit ; Ward 7, Grindall Reynolds, Stephen M. Allen ; Ward 8, 
Francis G. Shaw, Dexter Clapp. 



Receipts and Expenditures. 

The Receipts and Expenditures of the City of Roxbury, for the 
year ending January 31, 1850. 

The amount of accounts, claims, and demands allowed by them 
during the year, is $121,599 35 

The balance remaining in the Treasury, Feb. 1, 1849, 
was 5,549 43 

And the amount received for the year, from all sources, 
as per account of the Treasurer, is 124,205 84 



Making a total of 129,755 27 

Of this sum there was received — 

For Taxes assessed, 1849, $89,527 92 

From loans at sundry times, 30,000 00 

From cities and towns for support of 

Paupers, 151 73 

From Income from City Property, 858 18 

From Commonwealth, for City's proportion 

of School Fund, 584 80 

From Commonwealth, for Military services, 376 00 

From licenses for Dogs, 314 00 

And from all other sources, 7,942 64 

$129,755 27 

Amount of Expenditures for which bills, accounts, 
and demands, have been allowed and ordered to 
be paid, including the payments of the city debt, is $121,599 35 




CITY OP CAMBRIDGE. 

Officers, 1850-1. 
Sidney Willard, Mayor. 
George Stevens, ) ( Isaiah Bangs, 

Calvin Dimick, r Aldermen, j Edmund A. Chapman, 

Lorenzo Marrett, ) ' Stephen Smith. 

Common Council. 



Samuel P. Hey 

Ward 1. David S. Buck, 

Charles T. Murdoch, 
David B. Hadley, 
George Meacham, 
Wm. A. Saunders. 

Ward 2. Samuel P. Heywood, 
Isaac Davis, 
Wm. P. Fiske, 
Geo. C. Richardson, 
Edwin Scudder. 



wood, President. 

Ward 2. Hosea Spencer, 
Francis Wells, 
James Atwood, 
John Dudley. 

Ward 3. Anson Hooker, 
Andrew Jones, 
Robert P. Tuten, 
Thomas P. Ayer, 
Henry S. Hills, 
Luther L. Parker. 



Lucius R. Paige, City Clerk ; Eben M. Dunbar, Clerk of Common 
Council; Roland Litchfield, Jr., City Messenger ; Saml. Slocum, City 
Treasurer and Collector of Taxes ; Wm. L. Whitney, Walter R. Ma- 
son, Samuel Slocum, Assessors; Roland Litchfield, Jr., City Marshal ; 
Hiram Welch, Jos. Sanderson, Deputy Marshals ; Overseers of the 
Poor, The Mayor, ex-officio, Ward 1. Chas. R. Metcalf, Jos. H. Rice ; 
Ward 2. Aaron Rice, Edward T. Whitney ; Ward 3. Barnabas Bin- 
ney, Geo. W. Fifield ; Warden of Almshouse, Geo. W. White ; Alms- 
house Physician, Wm. W. Wellington ; Surveyors of Highways, the 
Mayor and Aldermen ; Superintendent of Streets, Sam'l Palmer ; Hay- 
weighers, S. S. Green, Increase S. Hawes, Jona. C. Prentiss, Wm. W. 
Munroe, A.Willard ; Sealer of Weights and Measures, C.Jarvis Upham. 

School Committee. — The Mayor, ex-officio ; Ward 1. Cornelius C. 
Felton, Francis Bowen ; Ward 2. Wm. W. Wellington, Zelotes Hos- 
mer, Artemas B. Mussey ; Ward 3. M. Clarke, Frederick T. Perkins. 



304 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

The city tax of Cambridge last year was $64,964 79 ; county tax, 
$7,821 88 ; aggregate, $72/786 67. 

The valuation of estates, real and personal, was as follows : — 

Polls. Real. Personal. 

Ward I. 923 $2,509,252 $1,429,835 

" II. 1,671 3,283,720 1,168,660 

«■ III. 1,126 1,758,920 516,885 



Total Real, $7,551,892 $3,115,380 

" Personal, 3,115,380 



Total Valuation, $10,667,272 

Account of Receipts and Expenditures for the year ending 
March 1, 1850, stands thus : — 

Receipts from Taxes, $67,934 49 

" " Drain taxes, 409 88 

" " Dog taxes, 50 00 

M " Commonwealth, — School account, 531 20 

" « " Pauper, " 1,418 05 

" " " Smallpox « 370 63 

" " Lexington, — Bridge account, 379 75 

" " Work done by the city, 122 43 

" " City Hall, use of, 70 25 

" " Ward room, use of, 11 00 

" « Hay-scales, 173 35 

" " Fines for breach of ordinances, 95 00 

" " Notes and interest paid, 928 88 

" " Sundry loans, 50,800 00 

" " Various other sources, 347 31 

$123,642 22 

Add balance in the Treasury, March 1, 1849, 1,897 1 7 



And we have the amount reported by the Treasurer, . .$125,539 39 

The aggregate expenditure for city purposes has been. .$76,470 76 

Add orders drawn and unpaid, March 1, 1849, 717 10 

Also, county tax paid, 7,821 88 

Also, temporary loans paid, 38,800 00 

And we have a total of $123,809 74 

Deduct orders unpaid, March 1, 1850, $9 35 

Also, sundry orders cancelled, 33 93 

43 28 



And we have the amount of paym'ts from the Treasury, $123,766 46 
Which, being deducted from the amount of receipts, . . 125,539 39 



will leave as balance in the hands of the Treasurer, .... $1,772 93 




CITY OP CHARLESTOWN. 

Officers, 1850-1. 
Rich a kd Frothingham, Jr., Mayor. 
Edward Lawrence, ) ( Philander S. Briggs, 

Nathan A. Tufts, r Aldermen. -j Thomas J. Elliott, 

Geo. P. Sanger, ) ( Samuel S. Reynolds. 

Common Council. 
H. P. Fairbanks, President. 
Ward 1. H. P. Fairbanks, Ward 2. Jesse Gay, 



Amos Tufts, 
Solomon Hovey, 
J. V. Fletcher, 
Andrew Sawtell, 
Geo. S. Adams. 
Ward 2. E. T. Swift, 

Wm. D. Butts, 
A. L. Tuttle, 



P. J. Stone, 
Daniel Johnson. 
Ward 3. Thos. W. Hooper, 
Otis Clapp, 
Charles A. Barker, 
Aaron Clark, 2d, 
Jesse Stevens, 
David C. Willis. 



A. B. Shedd, City Clerk ; G. V., Hall, Cleric of Common Council ; 
N. Pratt, Messenger to the Board of Mayor and Aldermen ; J. D. 
Gould, Messenger to Common Council ; Amos Stone, City Collector 
and Treasurer ; J. F. Tufts, Thomas Greenleaf, J. Adams, Assessors ; 
Joseph Souther, John Wesson, Thomas Greenleaf, Moses B. Sewell, 
S. S. Reynolds, Phineas Stone, Overseers of the Poor. 

Ward Officers. 
Ward 1. Rendall Bailey, Warden; John W. Frothingham, Clerk; 
John Skilton, J. B. Wilson, Jotham Johnson, Inspectors. 
Ward 2. J. A. D. Worcester, Warden ; John A. Sanborn, Clerk; 
N. G. Simonds, H. G. Waldron, Sam'l Palmer, Inspectors. 
Ward 3. J. K. Frothingham, Warden; W. B. Shedd, Clerk; S. R. 
Brintnall, A. W. Hovey, Edw. T. Ra'nd, Inspectors. 
Fire Department. 
Henry Conn, Chief Engineer ; James M. Gardner, 1st Assistant 
Engineer ; S. P. Kelley, 2d Assistant Engineer ; R. Todd, Sd Assistant 
Engineer. 



306 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

School Committee. 
Mayor, President of the Board. 

Ward No. 1 . William Tufts, E. P. Mackintire, Seth J. Thomas, Jas. 

Adams. 
Ward No. 2. James G-. Fuller, Edward Thorndike, Wm. Sawyer, 

John Sanborn. 
Ward No. 3. C. W. Moore, A. K. Hunt, C. D. Lincoln, C. B. Rogers. 

Extracts from Mayor Ergthingham's Inaugural Address, 
Delivered, January 6. 1851. 

The city government went into operation April 26, 1847, and the 
treasurer, February, 1850, states the debt to be 212,300, — an in- 
crease in three years of Si 39,200, created mainly for the following 
improvements : For the city hall, $13,654 ; the new Winthrop school- 
house,$21,989 ; the High schoolhouse, $27,273 ; old Winthrop school- 
house, $8,632 ; Harvard schoolhouse, $13,871 ; Winthrop square, 14,- 
808 ; city survey, $2,000 ; new almshouse, $36,982 ; estate on Bunker 
Hill,$5,219 ; grading Bunker Hill street,$4,603. In addition, there has 
been raised by taxation,during this period : 1,415 to finish Bunker Hill 
schoolhouse; $1,640 for primary schoolhouse, and 2,045 for altering 
Warren school. Other improvements have also been made. If the 
amount of annual appropriations for schools be added to the amount of 
permanent improvements, it will show in four years an expenditure of 
about 170,000 for the single purpose of education. Is there any other 
community,of no larger ability, that can show such a statement ? These 
improvements, wisely or unwisely made, are all of a permanent char- 
acter, designed to adorn the city and make it more desirable as a 
place of residence. 

Charlestown is the smallest township, as to territory, in the Com- 
monwealth. It has an area of only 620 acres ; of these, 10A are oc- 
cupied by the State prison, 50 by the navy yard, and 127 are used 
for public purposes. The tenth of its territory used by the State and 
the Nation, from which no resources can be drawn to defray local 
expenses, comprises the most eligible portion of it for commercial 
purposes.where taxable property of immense value, if it were not thus 
occupied, would now be certainly concentrated. Though this bears 
hard on its natural advantages, yet Charlestown has shared largely of 
the general prosperity. In ten years, its population has increased 
from 10,872 in 1840, to 15,933 in 1850 ; its valuation has risen in the 
same time from $4,837,310 to $8,847,700 ; and it stands the second 
city as to population,, and the third as to valuation in Middlesex co. 
Its tax-books indicate a community characterized, so far as the distrib- 
ution of wealth is concerned, by remarkable equality of condition ; 
while the increase of the general value shows that there is here 
great individual prosperity. 




CITY OP NEW BEDFORD. 

Officers, 1850-1. 

Abraham H. Howl and, Mayor. 

Joseph Clark, *| f Ivory H. Bartlett, 

Aldermen. -I Jonathan Bourne, Jr., 



William F. Dow, )■ 
Jonathan R. Ward, J 



L Edwd. W. Howland. 



Common Council. 
Lineas Wood, President. 



Ward 



Ward 1. Abraham Ashley, 2d, 
Lineas Wood, 
James Beetle, 
Rodolphus Beetle. 
Isaac M. West, 
Amasa T. Thompson, 
Tristram R. Dennison, 
Joseph W. Cornell. 

Ward 3. Peleg Butts, Jr., 
Wilmot Luce, 
Thomas C. Allen, 
Squire Sanford. 



Ward 4. Nathan Chase, 

Mark B. Palmer, 
Joseph Brownell, 
William Hall. 

| Ward 5. Oliver Swain, 
Isaac D. Hall, 
Matthew Howland, 
Lucien B. Keith. 

■ Ward 6. Josiah S. Bonney, 
Jas. M'Kenney, 
Marshall G. Sears, 
Lehman P. Ashmead. 



Isaac M. Richardson, City Clerk; Luther G. He wins, Clerk of the 
Common Council ; Frederick Bryant, Treasurer and Collector. Ward 1. 
Isaac Case ; Ward 2. Isaac M. Richardson ; Ward 3. Ezra K. Delano ; 
Ward 4. Nathaniel Nelson ; Ward 5. James Cannon ; Ward 6. 
Henry T. Wood, Assessors. Timothy Ingraham, City Marshal; 
Shubael G. Edwards, Assistant Marshal. 

School Committee, — Ward 1. Danl. C. Burt, Lineas Wood, Calvin 
Staples ; 2. Horatio A. Kempton, Henry R. Wilcox, Charles D. 
Burt ; 3. Luther G. Hewins, Amasa L. Gleason, Moses G. Thomas ; 

4. Charles Haffards, Robert C. Pitman, Alexander H. Seabury ; 

5. Thos. A. Greene, Geo. Howland, Jr., William Howe ; 6. William 
Penn Howland, Henry T. Wood, Bradford G. Hathaway. 



308 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



TABLE OF VESSELS IN THE WHALE FISHERY, JAN. 1, 1851. 

Ships ami Barks. Brigs. Schrs. Tonnage. 

New Bedford 245 3 1 81,442 

Fairhaven 45 14,430 

Westport 11 5 2,963 

Dartmouth 1 Ill 

Mattapoisett 7 2 1,822 

Wareham 1 374 

District of New Bedford 309 11 1. . .101,142 

Falmouth 3 1,106 

Holmes Hole 3 949 

Edgartown 5 1 1,860 

Nantucket 53 1 1 . . . . 18,697 

Provincetown 2 6. . .19 3,095 

Truro : 1 143 

Orleans ' 1 115 

Boston 1 261 

Lynn 2 720 

Beverly 2 326 

"Warren 15 4,669 

Providence 2 865 

Fall River 2 646 

Newport 4 1,543 

Stonington 17 5,391 

Mystic 9 1 3,009 

New London 44 4 . . . . 16,586 

Sagharbor 14 1 4,758 

Greenport 9 1 2,985 

Cold Spring 7 2,878 

New Suffolk 1 227 

Total, Jan. 1, 1851 502 24 27 171,971 

Total, Jan. 1, 1850 510 20 13 171,484 

8 4 14 487 

Showing a diminution in the number of ships of 8 ; and an addi- 
tion of 4 brijrs and 14 schooners during the year. Also an increase 
in the aggregate tonnage of 487 tons. 

Imports of Sperm and Whale Oil into the United States, for the 
week ending Jan. 6, 1851. 

Bbls. £perm. Bbis. Whale. 

New Bedford. — Ship Corinthian 950 50 

Provincetown. — Bark Spartan 560 

Nantucket. — Bark Peru 750 150 

Total 2,260 200 




THE CITY OP WORCESTER. 

Officers, 1850-51. 
Henry Chapin, Mayor. 



Geo. W. Russell, "] 



Warren Lazell, 
William Dickinson, 
Joseph Pratt, 



y 



Aldermen. 



David Woodward, 
Charles White, 
Anthony Chase, 
Jonas M. Miles. 



Common Council. 
Charles Washburn, President. 



Ward 1. Nathan Muzzy, 
Joseph Lewis, 
George W. Wilder. 

Ward 2. Charles Washburn, 
Lee Sprague, 
John H. Brooks. 

Ward 3. Daniel Harrington, 
Franklin Hall, 
Henry Prentiss. 

Ward 4. Calvin Newton, 

John P. Southgate, 
Calvin L. Prouty. 



Ward 5. Henry J. Howland, 
Wm. H. Harris, 
Daniel S. Burgess. 

Ward 6. Adolphus Morse, 
John F. Gleason, 
Jos. D. Brigham. 

Ward 7. Erastus Tucker, 

Benj. Goddard, 3d, 
Albert Brown. 

Ward 8. Albert Tolman, 

Henry H. Chamberlin, 
Thos. Drew, Jr. 



Charles A. Hamilton, City Clerk and Clerk of Board of Aldermen ; 
William A. Smith, Clerk of Common Council ; David Gleason, City 
Messenger ; Geo. W. Wheeler, Treasurer and Collector ; Overseers of 
the Poor, the Mayor, ex officio, Chairman ; Alpheus Merrifield, 
B. B. Otis, Charles Bowen, Wm. F. Wood, Samuel Perry, Edward 
E. Hale, N. R. Parkhurst, Eben. Collier. George Jones, City Marshal. 

27 



310 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



School Committee. 

The Mayor, Chairman of the Board. 

Warren Lazell, Secretary and Prudential Agent. 

Ward 1. Charles A. Wheeler, Ward 5. Geo. Bushnell, 
A.Hutchinson, D. J. Rawson, 

O. P. Gilbert. Thomas Magennis. 

Ward 2. Alonzo Hill, Ward 6. John C. Newton, 

Chas. Washburn, C. C. Burnett, 

Warren Lazell. O. H. Tillotson. 

Ward 3. Samuel Flagg, Ward 7. Geo. Jaques, 

Thos. Tucker, Elam Smalley, 

J. W. Wetherell. Levi Hardy. 

Ward 4. John F. Burbank, |Ward 8. Jos. Mason, 

Saml. B. Swaim, Wm. Workman, 

Lewis E. Joy. Wm. R. Hooper. 

We make the following interesting extract from Mayor Chapin's Address, 
delivered April 1. 1850. 
" For the information of those who may wish to know the compara- 
tive expenses, and the comparative burdens of the different Cities of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts during the past year, I give the 
following statement for the year 1S49. 

Boston, Valuation, $174,180,200,00 

Tax, 1,174,715,80 

Percentage per $1000, 6,50 

Salem, Valuation, 10,106,250,00 

Tax, 68,000,00 

Percentage per $1000, 6,40 

Cambridge, Valuation, 10,653,772,00 

Tax, 70,821,88 

Percentage per $1000, 6,30 

New Bedford, Valuation, 17,267,500,00 

Percentage per $1000, 5,42 

Roxbury, Valuation, 13,476,600,00 

Tax, 89,572,92 

Percentage per $1000, 6,20 

Charlestown, Valuation, 8,821,100,00 

Tax, 84,671,40 

Percentage per $1000, 9,00 

Lowell, Valuation, 18,033,652,00 

Tax, 158,419,94 

Percentage per $1000, 8,20 

Worcester Valuation, 10,756,282,00 

Tax, 78,807,70 

Percentage per $1000, 6,75 

" In a number of the towns in this County, if all the taxes which 
are assessed for schools, highways, etc., were included in one tax, in 
the manner in which it is done here, the percentage upon $1000 
would be greater than it is in the City of Worcester." 




THE CITY OF LYNN. 

Officers, 1850-1. 
George Hood, Mayor. 



Jonathan Blaney, "1 
Nathan'l Ingalls, Jr., i 
Phillips Collins, 
Thomas Raddin, Jr., J 



Aldermen. 



f John B. Alley, 

j James Newhall, Jr., 

j Samuel Silsbee, 

i, Hiram N. Breed. 



Common Council. 
Daniel C Baker, President. 



Ward 1. Henry J. Thing, 
William D. Rowe. 

Ward 2. Warren Burrill, 

Joseph Ingalls, Jr., 
Jacob P. Jackson, 
Nathaniel Boynton, Jr. 

Ward 3. Oliver Ramsdell. 

Ward 4. James Babb, 

Edward Carroll, 
Abner Newhall, 
Edwin Sheldon, 
Ira P. Brown. 



I Ward 5. Nehemiah Berry, 
Daniel C. Baker, 
Matthew Mansfield, 
Thomas P. Richardson, 
William N. Spinney. 
Ward 6. Thomas B. Newhall, 
Isaiah Walden, 
Samuel J. Ireson, 
Jesse Rhodes, 
Joseph M. Rowell. 
Ward 7. Elijah Holmes. 
Ward 8. William R. Johnson. 
1 Ward 9. Jeremiah C. Bacheller. 



William Bassett, City Clerk and Clerk of Board of Aldermen, of- 
fice, City Hall, 50 South Common Street. Joseph Breed, Clerk of 
Common Council. 

Treasury Department. 
Ezra W. Mudge, Treasurer ; William Bassett, Collector. 

Ooerseers of the Poor. 
John Norwood, Chairman; Oliver B. Coolidge, Israel Buffum, 
Jesse L. Lewis, Dennison Gage. 



312 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



The Almshouse. 
Elias Clough, Superintendent. 

Fire Department. 
Albourne Oliver, Chief Engineer. 

Police Department. 
Caleb M. Long, City Marshal. 

School Committee. 
George Hood, Chairman. William Otis Johnson, Secretary. 
At Large. — Geo. Hood, Mayor; Daniel G. Baker, President of 

the Common Council, ex-officio. 

Elected in Wards. — Ward 1. Jonas Bowen Clark; Ward 2. Na- 
thaniel Ireson, Albert Needham ; Ward 3. Benjamin Richardson, Jr.; 

Ward 4. Daniel Perley, Wm. Otis Johnson ; Ward 5. James Clark, 

Jeremiah Sanborn ; Ward 6. Parsons Cooke, William C. Richards ; 

Ward 7. Theodore Attwill ; Ward 8. Henry Bulfinch ; Ward 9. J. 

Allen, Jr. 

Ward Officers. 

Ward 1. Daniel P. Stimpson, Warden ; William Marshall, Jr., Clerk; 
J. R. Richardson, Zebedee Small, Nathaniel Blanchard, In- 
spectors ; J. F. Phillips, Assessor. 

Ward 2. Albert Needham, Warden; John Mailey, Clerk ; Benj. F. 
Boynton, John Townsend, Samuel Henderson, Inspectors ; 
William Ingalls, Assessor. 

Ward 3. Isaiah H. Parrott, Warden ; Robert Sisson, Clerk ; Samuel 
C. Heath, James Lewis, Joseph B. Goodridge, Inspectors ; 
James M. Buckman, Assessor. 

Ward 4. Joseph Breed, 2d, Warden ; James B. Chase, Clerk ; Jno. 
Trask, George H. Chase, John Low, Inspectors ; Jonathan 
Buffum, Assessor. 

Ward 5. William Phillips, Warden ; Samuel Curtis, Clerk ; Ezra R. 
Tebbets, Lyman B. Frazer, Elbridge Lovejoy, Inspectors ; 
Harrison Newhall, Assessor. 

Ward 6. Edward S. Davis, Warden ; Otis Newhall, Clerk; Nathan- 
iel A. Newhall, Charles J. Gale, Ezra B. Johnson, Inspect- 
ors ; Andrews Breed, Assessor. 

Ward 7. Elias Clough, Warden ; William Jackson, Clerk ; Aaron 
Moulton, Sherman M. Morey, John Patch, Inspectors; 
Sewall Raddin, Assessor. 

Ward 8. William F. Johnson, Warden ; Daniel A. Johnson, Clerk ; 
Albert Whitney, Walter Johnson, J. B. Johnson, Inspectors; 
John Q. Hammond, Assessor. 

Ward 9. James Nugent, Warden ; William Jefferys, Clerk ; Barnes 
Short, J. N. H. Bacheller, David Hardy, Inspectors ; Jos. 
Newhall, Assessor. 



STATE TREASURY. 313 

STATISTICS OP MASSACHUSETTS. 
STATE TREASURY. 

AUDITOR'S OFFICE, BOSTON, JANUARY 11, 1851. 

The following is a concise statement of the Receipts and Expendi- 
tures of the Commonwealth for the year 1850, and its financial con- 
dition, January 1, 1851. 

Receipts into the Treasury on account of 

revenue . $492,810.64 

Cash on hand, January 1, 1850, 4,054.12 

Massachusetts Scrip, of 1850, sold, 125,000.00 

Temporary Loan unpaid, ....••••.... 65,000.00 

194,054.12 



Total available, $686,864.76 

Payments from the Treasury, (ordinary 

expenditures,) 566,055.54 

Loan of 1849, repaid, 65,000.00 

For enlargement of State Prison, 46,457.32 111,457.32 

677,512.86 

Cash on hand, Jan. 1, 1851, 

Ordinary revenue,. $5,809.22 

Unexpended proceeds of scrip sold, 3,542.68 9,351.90 

686,864.76 

Deficiency in the revenue for 1850,- being 

the amount of Loan unpaid, $65,000.00 

Less for Cash on hand, 5,809.22 

. Actual deficit, $59,190.78 

The Receipts were, for 

Alien Tax, 35,136.08 

Auction Tax, 12,958.93 

Bank Tax, 354,742.22 

Pedlers' Licenses, 2,082.00 

Railroad Dividend, 80,000.00 

Attorney for Suffolk County, 4,131.80 

Miscellaneous items, 3,759.61 

$492,810.64 

27* 



314 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



The Payments were, for Council, Legislature, 
Salaries, Fuel, Stationery, and other ex- 
penses of Government,. .'. $225,000.00 

Agricultural Societies, &c, 7,450.00 

Blind Asylum, Paupers, and other Charities, 153,550.00 

County Treasurers, Militia Bounty, State 

Reform School, Prison, &c, 122,000.00 

Interest on Railroad Scrip, Loans, &c.,. . . 58,000.00 

Miscellaneous items, 55,54 

566,055.54 

Total Property of the Commonwealth, not including Bonds 

and Mortgages of Railroad Corporations, is $5,336,791.89 

Total Debt, not including $5,049,555.56 for Scrip 

loaned to Railroad Corporations, is 1,210,375.00 

Balance, 4,126,416.89 

This balance includes the School Fund, Bridge Fund, 
and Interest on School Fund, in all about 1,050,000.00 

Excess of resources, $3,076,416.89 

D. Wilder, Jr., Auditor. 



PROPERTY OF THE PEOPLE OF MASS. 

Compiled from the Reports of the Valuation Committees of 1840 8f 1850, 
by Lemuel Shattuck, Esq, for the Boston Almanac. 



Polls, ratable, 20 years old and up- 
wards 

Male Polls,not taxed nor supported 
by the town 

Male Polls supported by the town 

Dwelling Houses 

Shops within or adj'ning dw'ling h's 

| Other Shops 

I Distil Houses 

I Breweries 

; Tan Houses 

i Ware Houses and Stores 

i Rope Walks 

[ Grist Mills 

I Carding M' chins with their buildgs 

Falling Mills 

I Saw Mills 

I Small Arm Manuf, with buildings 
; Slitting Mills and Nail Machines 

i Cotton Factories 

\ Spindles in the same. 

j Looms in the same 

r Woollen Factories 

; Spindles in the same 



In the whole State. 


City of Boston. 


1840.1 


1850. 


1840. 


1850. 


172,327 


233,094 


17,789 


28,018 


12,065 


9,331 


250 


3,185 


1,707 


1,855 


334 


316 


96,550 


134,038 


8,902 


13,173 


4,755 


7,656 


943 


1,155 


14.081 


18,028 


631 


743 


78 


43 


17 


8 


15 


19 




3 


387 


388 






4,183 


5,312 


1,397 


1,726 


64 


70 




4 


757 


720 


1 


3 


651 


329 






181 


100 






1.371 


1,605 




4 


12 


16 






424 


836 






313 


337 






624,540 


1,220.752 






16,638 


32.539 






201 


191 






113,457 


208,848 







PROPERTY IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



315 



[n the whole State. 



City of Boston. 



1840.! 



1850. 



J 840. 



4,943! 

9 I 
3,984 

81 

18 

22i 

115 

459 

208 

64 

8 

47 

74,765 

14897815 5,358,587 



3,032 

3 

680 



12 

10 

97 

620 

133 

4 
34 

63.816 



Looms in'the same 

Linen Factories 

Spindles in the same 

Looms in the same j 

Establishments for printing silksi 

and calicoes ! 

Bleacheries 

Paper Mills 

Other Mills | 

Iron Works and Furnaces 

Oil Factories of all kinds 

Glass Factories 

Card Factories 

Barns 

Superficial Feet of Salt Works 
All other Works, Buildings, and 
Edifices, of $20 value & upwards 

Superficial feet of Wharf 

Tons vessels of 5 tons bur. & upw'ds 
Oz. Plate, of all kinds, exceed'g.$20 
Acres of tillage land, incl. orchards 

Bushels of Wheat 

Bushels of Rye 

Bushels of Oats 

Bushels of Indian Corn 

Bushels of Barley raised on the said 
tillage land by the year. . . . 

j Pounds of Hops 

J Tons of Hemp 

\ Tons of Flax 

j Tons of Broom Corn 

j Acres of Eng. and Upland Mowing 

including orcharding mowed. . .j 

I Tons Hay, y'rly produce of same . . J 

! Acres of Salt Marsh 

Tons Hay, yearly produce of same 
j Acres of Fresh Meadow 

Tons Hay, yearly produce of same 
; Acres Pasturage, including orchard- 
ing pastured 

I Cows the same will keep, with the 

after-feed of the whole farm 

I Cow Rights 

Acres of Woodland, exclusive of 
pasture land inclosed 

Acres of Unimproved Land 

Acres of Land Unimproveable . . . 
I Acres of Land owned by the town! 

or other proprietary | 39,642 

Acres of Land used for Roads ... .. | 90.074 

Acres of Land covered with water j 157,924 

Horses, one year old, and upwards! 60,030 

Mules and Asses, 1 y'r old & upwdsj 1 1 7 

| Oxen, 4 years old and upwards. . . | 

Cows, 3 years old and upwards. . .1 
| Steers and Heifers,! y'r old &upwds 
j Sheep. 6 months old and upwards. 
1 Swine, 6 months old and upwards . 



26,573 

8,402,286 

498,057 

158,670 

259,038 

101,178 

453,705 

1,226,300 

1,775,074 

149.004 

237,941 

7 

2 

580 

440,930 
467.537 
30,305 
26.203 
184.822 
135.930 



438 



25,639 

14758970 2 

628,770! 

325,8131 

300.269 

28,487 

441,208 

1,210,238 

2,295,856 

117,441 

150,655 

69 
• 1,291 

528,025 
483,228 
40.667 
33,575 
180,490 
133,821 



1850. 



2 
16 
13 

4 

491 



1,210,154 1,311,210 



263,560 
3.500 



729, 792^ 
955,283 
360.278 



46.584 
143.59l| 

S8,562j 
343,390 

90,335! 



273,301 
2.552 

896,450 
715,294 
257,929 

36,532 

99 080 
169,787 

74.060 
114 

49,986 
152,911 

76,703 
179,428 

73,041 



69 517 
583,171 5,410,088 
204,105 300,334 
120,000 180,000 

87 20 



449 
361 
330 
154 
60 
50 

41 

106 



123 
17 



2,330 

40 

208 

4 

86 
396 



269 
248 
426 
313 



327 
150 



5 
37 

30 

162 



4,398 

13 

296 

33 

86 

238 



316 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



The following Table, taken from the Boston Post, exhibits the 
comparative valuation and population of the several counties in 
Massachusetts, in 1840, and 1850, with the rate of increase and de- 
crease. The fractional rates are omitted. Nantucket is the only- 
county which shows a decrease : — 



Counties. 


Valuation 1840. 


Valuation 1850. 


c 
6 

03 2 




e 
.£ 


° 03 
£ 03 








p O 

03 i 

a, 
95 


§3 

Ph 


p.""" 1 

o 

en 


«| 


Suffolk, 


110,000,000 


217,587.172 


86,161 


145,758 


70 


Essex, 


31,110,204 


56,556,466 


82 


94,748 


127,170 


34 


Middlesex,. . . 


37,592,082 


86.264,719 


12 


104,451 


155,762 


49 


Worcester, . . . 


29,804,316 


55,497,793 


86 


93,402 


136,565 


35 


Hampshire, . . 


7,298,351 


13,331,240 


82 


30,932 


34,290 


12 


Hampden, . . . 


10,188,424 


23,621,220 


132 


37,339 


50,224 


34 


Franklin, 


6,548,694 


11,211,259 


71 


28,759 


30,888 


7 


Berkshire, . . . 


9,546,926 


17,197,607 


79 


40,882 


48,937 


20 


Norfolk, 


15,522,527 


47,098,210 


203 


50,804 


77,441 


52 


Bristol, 


19,493,685 


39,243,560 


96 


59,774 


74,979 


24 


Plymouth, . . . 


10,694,719 


19,200,608 


79 


46,786 


54,509 


16 


Barnstable, . . 


4,896,683 


8,897,349 


81 


31,662 


33,997 


7 


Nantucket 


6,074,374 


4,595,362 


e/26 


9,512 


8,779 


d8 


Dukes, 


1.107,344 


1,698,004 


11 
99 


3,860 


4,416 


14 


299,878,329 


598,000,634 


718,592 


973,715 


35 



Population of Massachusetts, according to U. S. census, 1840, 
737,700; 1850, 994,665. 



COMMERCE OF BOSTON. 

Foreign Arrivals and Import Duties. 

The revenue from Customs at this port for the last month was 
$468,842, against $294,012 in December 1849. For the six months 
ending December 31, 1850, the revenue was $3,089,068 ; for the six 
months ending December 31, 1849, $2,903,533. Excess of 1850 
over 1849, $185,534 44. The revenue and foreign arrivals at this 
port for the last ten years, have been as follows : — 

Years. Foreign Arrivals. Amount of Revenue. 

1841 1790 $3,226,441 

1842 1738 2,780,186 

1843 1716 3,491,019 

1844 2174 5,934,945 

1845. 2304 5,218,634 

1846 2090 4,872,570 

1847 2739 5,448,361 

1848 3009 4,908,827 

1849 3111 5,037,310 

1850 2885 6,186,820 



MASSACHUSETTS FISHERIES. 



317 



MASSACHUSETTS FISHERIES. 

Copy of an annual return of the number of barrels, halves, quar- 
ters, and eighths of barrels of Mackerel, and other pickled fish, esti- 
mated in barrels, inspected in Massachusetts in the year 1850. 



Reinspected. 

Boston 

Inspected. 

Boston 

Marblehead 

Salem 

Beverly 

Gloucester 

Rockport 

Newbury port 

Hiugham 

Cohasset 

Scituate 

Plymouth 

Nantucket 

Westport 

Edgartown 

Barnstable 

Yarmouth 

Dennis 

Harwich 

Chatham 

Wellfleet 

Truro 

Provincetown 



barrels. , Barrels.; Barrels, 
No 1. No. 9. i\'o. 3. 



11.143 


8,356 


2,069 


9.007 


5,442 


6,895 


51 


16 




55 


79 


34 


561 


295 


520 


22,488 


8,839 


14,141 


2,058 


738 


357 


8,580 


5,014 


8,840 


4.997 


1.699 


6,911 


3,806 


2,290 


7,495 


534 


291 


1,306 


35 


26 


2 


6 


14 


73 


34 


17 


4 


261 


305 


150 


2,309 


1,441 


1,648 


1,935 


1,320 


2,341 


5,716 


3 960 


9.365 


5,007 


3,369 


5,426 


2,740 


1,169 


1,228 


5,969 


2,684 


7,343 


2.314 


1,127 


4,300 


9,938 


4,774 


9,222 



88,4011 44.909 87,604 21,658 242.572 



Barreh 

No. 4. 



40 

2,512 
41 

'6 
166 

4,525 
763 
495 
926 

1,755 



33 
140 
667 
225 

1,354 

1,037 
627 

1,619 
829 

3,931 



Total. 



21,608! 

23,856 

- 108 

174 

1,542 

49.993 

3,916 

22,929 

14,536 

15,346 

2.131 

70 

93 

88 

856 

6,065 

5,821 

20.395 

14.839 

5,764 

17,615 

8,570 

27,865 



RECAPITULATION. 



Salmon, 2,422 

Alewives, 1,629 

Shad, 705 



Herri n< 



900 



Sword Fish, 144 

Tongues and Sounds, 777 

Salmon Trout, 14 

Halibut Fins, 156 



Menhaden, 137 

Cod, 465 

Blue Fish, 153 

Haddock, 29 

7,531 
Mackerel, 242,572 



John P. Ober, Inspector- General of Fish. 



318 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 

A description of the New Jail in Boston, was inserted in the State 
Record for 1849. There is considerable novelty in the construction 
of this building, and in that of the Almshouse, Deer Island ; the plans 
have been so highly approved, that they have been adopted in the 
enlargement of the State Prison at Charlestown, now erecting ; in 
the new Almshouse, in Cambridge ; in the new Prison at Dedham, for 
the county of Norfolk ; and in the new Jail in Concord, N. H. Pro- 
posals are also made for buildings, on a similar plan, for Prisons, 
Houses of Refuge, or Almshouses, at Northampton, Providence, New 
York, New Jersey, and Baltimore. They were designed and drawn 
by Louis Dwight, Secretary of the Prison Discipline Society, and 
G. J. F. Bryant, architect. A statement of the advantages which 
these buildings possess, has been furnished us by Mr. Dwight, and is 
subjoined. A more extended description, and a ground plan and 
elevation of the newAlmshouse, are inserted as additional illustrations. 




PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 319 

NEW ALMSHOUSE AT DEER ISLAND. 

The form of this structure is that of a " Latin Cross," having its 
four wings radiating at right angles from a " central building." The 
central building is four stories high ; the lower story (on a uniform 
level with the cellars or work-rooms of the north, east, and west 
wings) contains the bathing-rooms, cleansing rooms, furnace and 
fuel rooms ; the two next stories contain the general guard-room, to 
be used also as a work-room ; the next story is the chapel ; and the 
upper story is the hospital. The south wing is four stories high ; the 
lower one contains the family kitchens, and entry of the superin- 
tendent's family ; the second is appropriated for the family parlors of 
the superintendent, and a room for the use of the directors, together 
with the entrances and staircases, and the opening or carriage way, 
for receiving the paupers. The staircases communicating with the 
guard-room, and with the cleaning rooms in the lower story of the 
central building, are also located in this story. The two remaining 
stories will be used for the family sleeping-rooms, superintendent's 
office, officers' rooms, and bathing-rooms, — together with the entries, 
passages, closets, and staircases. Each of the north, east, and west 
wings is three stories high, with basements and attics over the whole 
surface of each wing. The basements are for work-rooms. The re- 
maining stories, including the attics, contain the wards, hospitals, and 
day-rooms for the inmates, together with the sleeping and inspection 
rooms for the nurses and attendants. 

There are eight circular towers attached to the exterior walls of 
the north, east, and west wings ; they contain the water-closets re- 
quisite for the inmates of the building ; two of them contain stair- 
cases. The water-closets are placed on the level of every story, and 
entered immediately from the floors thereof, and are disconnected 
from the main building by a column of air passing through upright 
openings, in the exterior walls of th-e towers, opposite to each other, 
and placed near the walls of the building. 

The dimensions of the building are as follows, in round numbers : 
The centre building is 75 feet square and 75 feet high, each 
perpendicular corner being subtended by the section of a circle. 
The superintendent's house, if the building faces the west, makes 
the west side of the centre building, except the circular corners, and 
is thrown out by these corners 50 feet by 50 on the ground, and 50 
high; so that it stands almost as much separated from the main build- 
ing as if it were entirely disconnected with it, and is still near enough 
for the convenience of the superintendent. The north wing, in- 
tended particularly for women, is 100 feet by 50, and 50 feet high, 
i.e. twice as large as the superintendent's house. The south wing, 
intended particularly for men, is 100 feet by 50, and 50 feet high, the 
same dimensions as the north wing ; and both these wings are sepa- 
rated from the superintendent's house, and thrown out from the centre 
building like the superintendent's house, by the semicircular corners, 



320 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



for the purposes of better supervision and ventilation. The east 
wing, intended for the accommodation of different classes, and for 
different purposes, in the different stories, is 200 feet by 50, and 50 
feet high, i. e. twice the dimensions of the north and south wings, 
and four times the dimensions of the superintendent's house. The 
north, east, and west wings have three stories, each 12 feet high, 
above the basement, and beneath the attic. The attic is 9^- feet high, 
and the basement 8J- feet high. The south wing is four finished 
stories high, and the floors of these stories are uniform with those of 
the three other wings. The circular towers attached to the exterior 
wall of the north, east, and west wings, are each 65 feet high and 13 
feet in diameter. 



References. 

1. Supt.'s Family Parlors. 

2. Directors room. 

3. Supeiintendent's Entry. 

4. Supert.'s Vestibule. 

5. Entrance toKeeper'sHouse. 

6. Archway Entrance. 

7. Coal Drops. 

8. Entrance to Gt.Kitchen and 
Stairs to Basement. 

9. Ventilating &. hot-airFlues. 

10. Great Kitchen. 

11. Inspector's Room. 

12. Exercising, or Day Rooms. 




13. Eating Rooms for lying-in 
Women. 

14. Eating Rooms for healthy 
and working Women. 

15. Eating Rooms for old and 
infirm men. 

16. Eating Rooms for working 
and healthy men. 

17. Bakery and dry store-room. 

18. Balhing and cloihes-room. 

19. Ironing and drying-room. 

20. Water Closets. (In towers.) 

21 and 23. Stairways. 

22 and 24. Steps &. Entrances. 
25. Screen partition, 7 ft. high. 



PLAN OF THE 

GROUND FLOOR 

OF THE 



NEW ALMSHOUSE 

ON 

DEER ISLAND. 



The proportions of the building are arithmetical; — the centre 
building is a cube of 75 feet, with the corners subtended ; the super- 
intendent's house is a cube of 50 feet ; the north wing is two cubes 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 321 

of 50 feet each ; the south wing is two cubes of 50 feet each ; and 
the east wing four cubes of 50 feet each. 

The paupers, as they arrive, are received at a central point, under 
the eye of the superintendent, in his office, as they approach ; 
thoroughly cleaned, if necessary, in the basement central apartments 
for cleansing ; and distributed, when prepared for distribution, to 
those parts of the building assigned to the classes to which they be- 
long. 

There is a chapel, with a gallery, occupying 75 by 75 feet, on the 
third floor of the central building, equal in height to two stories. 
The floor of the chapel is on a level with the attic floors of the 
wings. It is well-lighted, in a central position, of convenient access 
from all parts of the establishment, and is commodious enough for 
those who are able to attend religious worship, out of even a larger 
population than twelve hundred. 

Large folding-doors, or traversing-doors, are an original feature of 
this plan, and answer, by being opened wide, and by turning in 
different directions, important ends, in making rooms for particular 
purposes, when they are wanted ; and when such rooms are not 
wanted, in being opened wide, or turned back, so as to leave the 
supervision unobstructed, and change the circulation of the air 
throughout the establishment. 

It is not absolutely a fire-proof building, but the roof is slated ; 
the floors are double, and laid with mortar between them ; the ceil- 
ings under the floors, and over the rooms, consist of joists, and the 
bottom of the lower side of the double floors ; the walls are brick, 
built hollow, and without lath and plaster on the inside, or coverings 
of any kind on the outside ; the windows are wooden sashes, but 
they are set in a thick double brick wall, and may each of them burn 
without burning another. All the wings are separated from the 
centre building by thick brick walls, covered and secured, in all 
their openings, with iron doors and shutters, and rising above the 
roofs of the wings, so as to make a barricade against fire, behind 
which the inmates of a wing on fire may retreat, and firemen may 
be protected. 

PRINCIPLES OBSERVED IN THE PLANS. 

In all the plans of these buildings there are certain great prin- 
ciples observed, among which are the following : — 

1. Size. The size of these buildings allows from 600 to 1,000 
cubic feet of space to each individual ; besides their proportion of 
space, in the eating-rooms, school-rooms, hospital, and chapel. 

2. Proportions. The proportions are arithmetic and harmonic, a 
cube being their germ. 

3. Concentration. These buildings are all in the form of a cross, 
having four wings, united to a central octagonal building ; one for 

28 



322 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



the superintendent and his family, and three of them for inmates ; 
the kitchen being in the centre, in the 1st story of the octagon, the 
supervisor's room over the kitchen, the chapel over the supervisor's 
room, and the hospital over the chapel. 




fa 

o 

53 

O 

ft* M 

< m 

*■ < 

fa M 

Si 

z o 

do 

S3 < 
><2 

s 5 

f4 cq 

c H 

Q *i 
fa H 
O R 

s ° 
^ 2; 

< a 



4. Extension. The parts all radiating from a common centre, can 
be extended without disturbing the central arrangements and archi- 
tectural design. 

5. Convenience. The keeper's, or superintendent's office, eating- 
room, and sleeping-room, are all in proximity to the great central 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 



323 



octagonal building ; so that the keeper has eyelets and ready access 
to the kitchen, supervisor's room, chapel, and hospital, and all the 
wings ; and he can go through the establishment without going out 
of doors. The inmates receive their food from a large central 
kitchen ; the wings are all under supervision from one central super- 
visor's room. The inmates assemble in the chapel and hospital from 
all the wings without exposure, and without leaving the house. 



6. Classification. 
The men and wo- 
men, the old and 
young, the sick and 
well, can all be sep- 
arated, in different 
wings.and different 
stories of the build- 
ing ; and all these 
classes can be kept 
distinct by placing 
them in different 
wings, by the pow- 
er of central obser- 
vation and control. 




m 


EcS 




CO 

id 

c 




u- 




S3 

n 

■ 
i 

E] 


Oh 






(S 

C3 




■ 
■ 
i 

B 

m 
m 


Kg 




O 




c 




n 

H 


a^m 




.El 




a 


2 


■ 
ESI 

■ 
B 
B 
B 


ill 




+5" 

'5 




c Be 


.2 

03 


B 


J* 5 5 




b 




B 


8*3 

— 'Hoa 

&, = <: 












m 

m 

a 




03 




c | 


£ 


£ 


o£2 




,_, 






03 


B 

■ 

B 


£*g 


<u 


CO 






CO 


m 




s 


eS 

9 

o 

R 




03 ^ 


t3 

a 
O 




fcHGai 








r° .5 




ed-2«1 










fl 




J 0"B 




ESC 




O) CO 


a 

ON 






'3 

o 




CO *~~ 






o 




43 3 


>i 




'-z^ 




J_j 




,« 




BS8 

aS 

hQ 




o 




^0 






s 

n 


Be 


CO g 

C3^ 

sg 


2^ 

« CO 
J3 03 






cc 


03 

25 




S c3 






o 




"Hi* 
2 


£ 




II 




C 


c 

tyf 


z? -2 b 


2'^ 






c 







C/2 03 




o 




- 


s 


SN CO -TJ 


^H 




e 






co 


.— 





7. Supervision, 
outside and inside. 
All the areas, apart- 
ments, windows, 
walls,galleries,stair~ 
cases, fastenings, 
external yards, and 
external yard walls, 
except the space outside at the ends of the wings, are under super- 
vision from the centre. One man can do more, in these buildings, 
in consequence of the facilities for supervision, than many men can 
do in some of the old establishments, containing an equal number of 
inmates. 



324 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

8. Security against Escape. In prisons and Houses of Refuge, 
where security against escape is of great importance, the construction 
is such, that, if an inmate breaks out, he breaks in ; — that is, if he 
escapes from his dormitory into the area, he has still another wall or 
grating to break, while at the same time he is in sight from the super- 
visor's room. There is, therefore, very little encouragement to try to 
escape from the dormitories. And if the inmates are in the yards, 
gardens, or grounds around, the supervision extends outside so easily 
and perfectly, that it affords great security against escape. 

9. Security against Fire. Although buildings according to these 
plans are not wholly fire-proof, still, the cell floors being stone or 
iron, the walls brick or stone, the galleries and staircases iron, the 
doors and gratings iron, the roof slate, and the gutters copper, much 
of the material is incombustible. Besides, the separate rooms or 
dormitories are literally fire-proof; and the remaining parts are ex- 
tensively exposed to constant observation ; so that a fire, in its first 
beginning, is easily discovered and extinguished. 

10. Warming by steam, hot water, or warm air. The construction 
of these buildings is favorable to either mode of warming. If by 
steam, the steam may be generated in the centre building, and dis- 
tributed in one-inch wrought-iron pipes, under the windows, in four 
rows of pipes, one above the other on the upright wall, three inches 
apart, to be inclosed in a box eighteen inches square, made by the 
floor for the bottom, the outer wall for the back, a board cover for 
the top, and an upright board for the front ; the pure air to be re- 
ceived through orifices in the outer wall, and the warm air to be 
passed into the area, through orifices in the front of the box. If 
the heating is to be done by hot water, substitute a cast-iron pipe, 6 
inches in diameter, near the floor, and near the wall, under the 
windows, within a box, similarly constructed to the box around the 
steam-pipes. If the heating is to be done by warm air, place in the 
centre building, and in the areas, the Boston School Stove, or, which 
are on the same principles, Chilson's Furnaces, or any other heating 
apparatus which is, at the same time, a ventilating apparatus. 

11. Lighting. Gaslight in the areas, will light all the dormitories, 
and, wherever distributed, will be easily supervised and controlled 
from the centre building. 

12. Sunlight. Care is taken in these buildings, to have a large 
surface exposed to the morning, noonday, and afternoon sun. This 
can be done with the large windows in the outer wall, but it cannot be 
done with a small window in each small dormitory or cell. Much more 
sunlight can be brought to shed its healthful and cheering influence 
over the inmates of these buildings, than if the windows in the ex- 
ternal wall were as small as they must be, if the rooms within were 
made of a small size and placed on the external wall. 

13. Artificial Ventilation. Each small room, dormitory, or cell, is 
provided with a ventilator, starting from the floor of the same, in the 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 



325 



centre wall, and conducted, separate from every other, to the top of 
the block, where it is connected with a ventiduct, and either acted 
upon by heat or Emerson's ventilating cap. Both at the bottom and 
top of the room there is a slide, or register, over orifices, opening into 
this ventilator, which are capable of being opened or shut. These 
ventilators are intended to take off impure and light air. In the ex- 
ternal wall are provided orifices, pitching outward and downward, to 
take off carbonic acid gas, which may be fatal to life, if allowed to 
accumulate in the lowest part of the building. The large rooms are 
provided with such orifices, by carrying every third or fourth window 
to a level with the floor. These means are used to take off the im- 
pure and light air, and the heavier and more fatal gasses. To supply 
pure air, all the heating is made by ventilating apparatus. 




14. Natural Ventilation. Through the large windows , when 
opened, the air can have free course with all the varying winds, 
throughout the building, from North to South, from East to West, 

28* 



326 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



from South to North, and from West to East, and obliquely in every 
direction, according to the direction of the wind, through the octag- 



onal central building. 




15. Water for Cleansing and Bathing. For cleansing, water is let 
on in every room, and furnished liberally in every story; and in 
different parts of the building, large means are provided for bathing. 
Nothing is more indispensable, in the plans of such buildings, than 
convenient and liberal supplies of pure water for cleansing and 
bathing. 

16. Employment. Large provision is made, in all these buildings, 
of floors and space for employment, under cover, with good and 
sufficient light, convenience, and supervision. In many old buildings, 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. 327 

there lias not been employment, because there was no place suitable 
for it. This difficulty has received great consideration, and every 
effort has been made entirely to remove it, so that all the inmates of 
these buildings should be kept out of idleness, which is the mother of 
mischief. Labor is favorable to order, discipline, instruction, refor- 
mation, health, and self-support. But there can be little productive 
industry, without a place for it. Suitable places have been provided 
in all these buildings, whether prisons, almshouses, or Houses of 
Refuge, for employment. 

17. Instruction. School-rooms, Privilege-rooms, Chapels, more 
private rooms and places, comfortably large single rooms, are pro- 
vided, in which all kinds of good instruction can be given. 

18. Humanity. The humanity of these buildings, is seen in there 
being sufficient space, large light, abundant ventilation, and airing in 
summer, good places of labor and instruction, and good hospital ac- 
commodation for the sick. 

19. Care of the sick. The Hospital is large, light, convenient, 
easily accessible, well warmed and well ventilated, so that, if suitable 
care is not given to the sick, it will not be because there is no place 
for it, — no suitable hospital accommodations. 

20. Notifying in Sickness. The separate rooms are so located and 
distributed, under supervision, from the centre building, that a gentle 
knock on the inner side of the door of each separate lodging-room, 
will be heard by the person on duty in the central room for super- 
vision and care ; and thus relief can be immediately secured ; or, in 
case of a fit, or sudden and violent attack, without consciousness, the 
sick person will in all probability be heard, from any separate dormi- 
tory in either wing, by the person on duty in the supervisor's room in 
the centre building. 

21. Level Floors. It is designed to^ have no stumbling- place in 
either building. But on the contrary, that the officers and inmates 
may walk over any part of the whole, by day or by night on level 
floors. The stairs are the only places where it is impossible to make 
level floors. 

22. Economy. Great economy is used in these structures, in the 
finish, which is perfectly simple, unadorned, and substantial ; afford- 
ing no harbor for vermin, no place of concealment for fire, and yet 
durable and decent. 

We have thus endeavored to give an outline of the principles 
which enter into these structures, of their adaptation to the purposes 
for which they are erected, and of the importance of carrying out 
the designs according to the plans. 



328 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



PAUPERS IN MASSACHUSETTS * 

Number of Persons relieved or supported as Paupers during the Year. 

Suffolk County, 8,860 ; Essex, 3,189; Middlesex, 3,561; Worces- 
ter, 2,265 ; Hampshire, 401 ; Hampden, 1,075 ; Franklin, 346 ; 
Berkshire, 588 ; Norfolk, 1,893 ; Bristol, 2,449 ; Plymouth, 605 ; 
Barnstable, 338 ; Nantucket, 35 ; Dukes, 356. Total, 25,961. 
Number of the preceding having a legal settlement in the town, 

or elsewhere in this Commonwealth 7,908 

Number of State Paupers 16,058 

Number of State Paupers who are foreigners 12,224 

Number of foreigners from England and Ireland 10,818 

Number of persons relieved in Almshouse during the year. . .12,827 

Average number supported in Almshouse 4,825-£ 

Average weekly cost of supporting each pauper in Almshouse, $1,08J- 
Number of persons in Almshouse unable to perform labor. . . . 6,425 
Estimated value of labor performed by paupers in Almsh., $17,756,15 
Number of persons aided and supported out of Almshouse, 13,756 
Average weekly cost of supporting paupers out of Almshouse, 98 cts. 

Number of insane relieved or supported 665 

Number of idiots relieved or supported 389 

Paupers by reason of insanity or idiocy 932 

Proportion of paupers probably made so by intemperance 

in themselves or others 14,669 

Number of foreign paupers who have come into the Common- 
wealth within one year 1,891 

Net amount of expense of supporting and relieving paupers, 

including interest on Almshouse establishment. .. .$471,813,69 



CRIMINAL STATISTICS.! 
Annual Report of Samuel D. Parker, Esq. 
Attorney of the Commonwealth in the County of Suffolk. 
In accordance with the requirements of the Statute, Samuel D. 
Parker, Esq., the indefatigable and hard-working Attorney of the 
Commonwealth in Suffolk County, has prepared for transmission to 
Hon. John H. Clifford, the Attorney-G-eneral of the Commonwealth, 
his annual report of the business which came under his supervision 
and management during the year 1850. The report occupies forty- 
five pages of closely-written manuscript, on long, foolscap paper, 
and shows, on the face of it, that an immense amount of time and labor' 
must have been required to complete it in the minute and systematic 

* From a Report prepared by Wm. B. Calhoun, Secretary of State. 

f We are indebted for the statistics of this article to the Mercantile Journal. 



CRIMINAL STATISTICS. 329 

manner in which it is presented, and which is so characteristic of the 
learned gentleman and faithful public officer who compiled it, and 
to whom we are indebted for the privilege of making the following 
abstract : — 

The first part of the report enumerates the cases during the year 
before the Grand Jury, and the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
— the numbers corresponding with the numbers on the Clerk's docket; 
the offence alleged ; the fact, whether or not an indictment was found 
in each case ; the verdict in each case ; the amount of costs in each 
case ; the sentence imposed upon each person convicted ; and many 
other items of information. This part of the report shows that, during 
the year, fifteen hundred and seventy-one cases have come before the 
Municipal Court, every one of which has been personally attended to 
on the part of the Commonwealth, by Mr. Parker. 

The second part of the report refers to business in the other Courts, 
to which Mr. Parker has devoted his time and attention in behalf of 
the Commonwealth. In the Supreme Judicial Court, seven cases 
came up, wherein Mr. Parker's attendance was required. In one of 
these, special decree and injunction was decreed. In three others, 
arguments on exceptions were made before the full Court, for intru- 
sions of wharves beyond the Commissioners' Lines, but the Court 
have not yet decided them. In another, exceptions were waived, 
and sentence passed. In another, exceptions were waived, satisfac- 
tion made to the injured party, and costs paid, and farther pro- 
ceedings stayed by the Court. The seventh and last case, was an 
action of debt on a bond given on suing out a writ of error, in which 
the question of how much judgment should be given for the Common- 
wealth has been argued, but no decision has yet been made. 

In the Court of Common Pleas, Mr. Parker has commenced three 
actions on bonds given by debtors committed on Executions, for the 
prison limits, where the conditions have been broken, the Common- 
wealth being the judgment creditor.' He has also filed thirty-five 
writs on criminal recognizances, which were not entered on the 
docket of the Municipal Court, because the sheriff could make no 
service, or because after service, and before entry, the bail surren- 
dered the principals and paid costs, and the principals were sentenced 
before the return-day of the writs. 

The third and last part of the report states that, at the request of 
His Excellency the Governor, Mr. Parker (in the absence of the 
Attorney-General) has examined the documents, and given opinions, 
in four cases, relative to Executive requisitions and warrants for fugi- 
tives from justice. He has been notified of the intention to take the 
poor debtor's oath at the jail, in the case of four persons, committed 
on executions of the Commonwealth, and has filed interrogatories to 
be answered by them under oath. He has collected of the bail, on 
recognizances in criminal, cases, of persons who avoided, and has 
paid within the year 1850, to the Treasurer of the Commonwealth, 
the sum of $4,131,60. 



330 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Besides the great numbers of persons of all ages and sexes, who, 
for longer or shorter periods, have been sentenced to hard labor in 
the several penitentiaries at Charlestown, South Boston, and West- 
boro', the sheriff of Suffolk County has received in the Municipal 
Court, within the year 1850, for the Commonwealth, for fines and 
costs, the sum of $15,373,40. The deputy Jailer has also received 
from persons committed to prison for non-payment of fines and costs, 
imposed by the Police and Municipal courts, the sum of $2,535,62 ; 
and the Master of the House of Correction in this County, has re- 
ceived from persons committed to that Institution, for non-payment 
of fines and costs, $585,28 ; and the Clerk of the Police Court has 
received within the year 1850, for fines and costs imposed by that 
Court, the sum of $8,235,12 making a total of money collected through 
the criminal courts in Boston, for the year 1850, of $30,861,02. 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE PRISON. 

Henry K. Frothinghani, Warden ; J. W. Bemis, Physician ; Jared 
Curtis, Chaplain ; Wm. J. Hubbard, Richard Frothingham, Jr., Geo. 
H. Kuhn, Inspectors. 

The whole number of convicts remaining in prison Oct. 1, 1849, 
was 349 ; the whole number of convicts received into the prison 
during the year ending Sept. 30, 1850, is 221. Total, 570. 

Discharged from the prison during the year ending Sept. 30, 1850, 
by expiration of sentence, 103 ; by remission of sentence, 10; re- 
moval to State Lunatic Hospital, by order of the Court, 3 ; escaped 
from the prison, 3 ; death, 6. Total, 130. 

Number remaining in prison, Sept. 30, 1850, 440. 

Ages of those in Prison. 

From 16 to 20 years, 71; from 20 to 25 years, 128 ; from 25 to 30 
years, 91; from 30 to 40 years, 80 ; 40 to 50 years, 41; from 50 to 60 
years, 22 ; from 60 to 70 years, 6 ; from 70 to 80 years, 1. 

Of the 221 convicts received into prison during the past year, 
100 were convicted at Boston ; 10 at Cambridge ; 4 at Ipswich ; 
1 at Newburyport; 4 at Concord; 17 at Lowell; 9 at Worcester ; 
5 at New Bedford ; 8 at Taunton ; 4 at Salem ; 27 at Dedham ; 5 at 
Northampton; 6 at Springfield; 12 at Lenox; 1 at Greenfield; 
8 at Plymouth. 

Terms of sentences of those now in prison (1850) : for 1 year, 27 ; 
for 1£ year, 1 ; for 1^ year, 15 ; for If year, 1 ; for 2 years, 99 ; 
for 2£ years, 6 ; for 3 years, 89 ; for 3} years, 4 ; for 3| years, 1; 
for 4 years, 52 ; for 4£ years, 1 ; for 5 years, 36 ; for 6 years, 29 ; 
for 6^ years, 1 ; for 7 years, 15 ; for 8 years, 15 ; for 8 A years, 1; 
for 9 years, 6 ; for 10 years, 10 ; for 11 years, 2 ; for 13 years, 1 ; 
for 15 years, 1; for 18 years, 3 ; for 20 years, 1; for 30 years, 1; for 
35 years, 1; for life, 21. 



CRIMINAL STATISTICS. 



States and Countries of which those received last year are natives: — 
Massachusetts, 161; Maine, 24 ; New Hampshire, 29 ; Vermont, 6 
Connecticut, 9 ; Rhode Island, 10 ; New York, 37 ; Louisiana, 2 
Georgia, 1 ; England, 26 ; Ireland, 75 ; Canada, 11 ; Nova Scotia, 6 
New Brunswick, 6 ; Pennsylvania, 3 ; Maryland, 4 ; Ohio, 2 ; Vir- 
ginia, 6 ; North Carolina, 4 ; New Jersey, 6 ; Germany, 4 ; Scot- 
land, 4 ; France, 2 ; New Holland, 1 ; St. Vincent, 1. 

Disbursements of the Prison for six months, from Oct. 1, 1849 to 
March 31, 1850, $21,852,63 ; the income, during the same period, 
$16,985,40. Disbursements for six months, from April 1, 1850 to 
Sept. 30, 1850, $23,408,69 ; income, during the same period, 
$28,831,53. Income more than disbursements, $5,422,84. 



JAILS AND HOUSES OF CORRECTION. 

Aggregate of Abstract Returns of the Jails and Houses of Correction 
of Massachusetts for the year ending Nov. 1, 1850. 



Whole number of Prisoners, 

Whole number of Debtors, 

Whole number of Males, 

Whole number of Females, 

Whole number of Adults, 

Whole number of Minors, 

Whole number of Whites, 

Whole number of Colored, 

Committed for Murder, 

Committed for Arson, 

Committed for Rape 

Committed for Piracy, 

Committed for Highway Robbery. . 
Committed for Adultery.or lewd Cond't 

Committed for Assault 

Committed for Burglary, 

Committed for Forgery, 

Committed for Homicide 

Committed for Intemperance 

Committed for keeping Brothels, 

Committed for Larceny, 

Committed for passing counter 'ft mon'y 

Committed for Perjury, 

Committed for Vagrancy 

Committed for all other Crimes, 

Number of Witnesses committed, 

Number of Prisoners executed, 

Number sent to State Prison 



Jails. 


H. of Cor. 


Total. 


7,463 


3,19 8 


10,661 


1,461 




1,461 


6,674 


2,506 


9.180 


789 


692 


1.481 


6,802 


2,660 


8,962 


1,161 


458 


1,619 


7,196 


2,930 


10,126 


267 


268 


535 


15 




15 


25 




25 


6 




6 










19 




19 


132 


160 


292 


845 


290 


1,135 


191 




191 


22 


2 


24 










1,701 


1,640 


3,341 


63 


23 


86 


1.018 


582 


1,600 


21 


3 


24 


1 





1 


83 


162 


245 


1,416 


341 


1.757 


491 




491 


2 




2 


219 




219 



332 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Number sent to House of Correction, . 

Number sent to Common Jail, 

Number sent to State Reform School,. 
Number who could Read or Write, . . . 
Number that had been addicted to In- 



temperance, • 

Number who were natives of this State, 

Number who were natives of other 
States, 

Number who were natives of other 
Countries, 

Number that were or had been Mar- 
ried, 

Number in confinement for Debt 

Number of Insane when committed,. . 

Number that have become insane dur- 
ing the year, 

Average cost of the Board of each 
prisoner per week, 

Expense for Clothing, 

Expense for Medicine and Medical 
Attendance, 

Expense for Fuel, 

Expense for Officers, 

Expense for Instruction 

Total amount of Expenses, including 
Board of Prisoners, Salaries of 
Officers, &c , 

Estimated value of the Labor of Pris- 
oners during the year, 

Number of Prisoners in confinement 
November 1, 

Average number of Prisoners, 

Number that have died during the year, 

Number discharged on expiration of 
sentence, 

Number discharged on account of de- 
fect in proceedings, 

Number discharged by order of Court, 

Number discharged without bail, 

Number discharged on account of 
sickness, 

Number that have been pardoned,. . 

Number that have been recommitted 

Number escaped and retaken, or not, 

Number punished for misdemeanor,. 

Number of rooms, 



Jails. 



566 

568 

1,431 

35 

872 
741 

274 

4.059 

828 

1,413 

11 



$1 68 
$662 04 

$195 25 
$1,509 94 

$4,369 20 



S28,174 52 



322 

284 

5 

620 



865 
35 

1 

202 

1 retak'n 

196 

420 



H. of Cor. 



2,098 

2,273 
805 

558 

1,795 

1,573 

12 



$1 65 3-7 
$4,622 74 

$1,427 93 

s$4,018 36 

$11,722 00 



$74,096 81 

$22,312 04 

790 

719 

19 

2,538 

1 



24 
157 
803 
22; 11 reta 
516 
990 



Total. 



566 

568 

31 

3,533 

3,145 
1,546 

832 

5,854 

2,401 

1,413 

23 



$1 66 10-14 

$5,284 78 

81,623 18 

$5,528 30 
$16,091 20 



$102,271 33' 

i 

$22,312 04 

1,112 
1.003 

24 



3,158 

1 

865 

35 

25 

157 

1,005 

26; 12 reta 

712 

1,410 




STATE OF MAINE. 

Officers for 1850-51. 
John Hubbard, Hallowell, Governor. 



Edward L. Osgood, Fryeburg. 
Henry Patridge, Orland. 
John Wilshire, St. Albans. 



Council 

Leander Valentine, Westbrook. 
John Babson, Wiscasset. 
Joab Harriman, Clinton. 
Benjamin Wiggin, Bangor. 

John G. Sawyer, Augusta, Secretary of State. 

Samuel Cony, Augusta, Treasurer. 

Alfred Redington, Augusta, Adjutant- General. 

Elisha M. Thurston, Charleston, Secretary of Board of Education. 

Anson P. Morrill, Readfield, Land Agent. 

William Bennett, Ellsworth, Warden of State Prison. 

James Bates, Augusta, Superintendent of Insane Hospital. 

Nicholas Emery, Portland, 1 

John Hodgdon, Houlton, y Bank Commissioners. 

Moses Sherburn, Phillips, J 

Samuel Belcher, Farrnington, Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Edmund W. Flagg, E. Cornish, Clerk. 

Paulinus M. Foster, Anson, President of the Senate. 

Albert H. Small, Newry, Secretary of the Senate. 

JUDICIARY. 

Ether Shepley, Portland, Chief Justice of S. J. Court. 
John S. Tenny, Norridgewoek, Associate Justice. 
Samuel Wells, Portland, " 

Joseph Howard, " " 

Henry Tallman, Bath, Attorney- General. 
Asa Redington, Augusta, Reporter of Decisions. 
Joseph G-. Cole, Paris, Judge of Dist. Court for West District. 
Richard D. Rice, Augusta, " Mid. " 

Joshua W. Hathaway, Bangor, " East " 

29 



334 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Judges of City Cnirt. 

Luther Fitch, Portland ; Jacob Smith, Bath ; Spencer A. Pratt, 
Bangor; Benj. A. G. Fuller, Augusta; Frederick Green, Saco ; 
George W. Batchelder, Gardiner ; John C. Cochran, Rockland. 

Sheriffs. 

York, Israel Chadbourne, Alfred ; Cumberland, Wendell P. Smith, 
Portland ; Lincoln, Thomas Cunningham, Wiscasset ; Hancock, John 
R. Redman, Brooksville ; Washington, James Nichols, Calais ; Ken- 
nebec, Ebenezer Shaw, China ; Oxford, Samuel Gibson, Denmark ; 
Somerset, George Whitney, Pittsfield ; Penobscot, Jabez True, Ban- 
gor ; Waldo, William Rust, Belmont ; Piscataquis, Joseph Chase, Se- 
bec ; Franklin, Francis G. Butler, Farmington ; * Aroostook, Nelson 
Herrin, Houlton. 

Probate Officers. 

Counties. Judges. Residences. Registers. Residences. 

York, Wm. C. Allen, Alfred. Joshua Herriek, Kennebunkport 

Cumberl'nd.Josiah Peirce. Govham. Freeman Bradford, Portland. 
Lincoln, Arnold Blaney, Wiscasset. .Edwin S. Hovey, E. Thomaston. 
Hancock, Parker Tuck, Sedgwick. Warren King, Trenton. 

Washington,Joh C.Talbot, E. Machias. Albert G. Lane, Machias. 
Kennebec, Danl Williams, Augusta. Wm. R Smith, Augusta. 
Oxford, Job Prince, Turner. George K. Shaw, Dixfield. 
Somerset, Charles Green, Athens. Albert Moor, N. Anson. 

Penobscot, E. G. Rawson, Bangor. Jas. F. Rawson, Bangor. 
Waldo, Joseph Miller, Lincolnville. Charles Palmer, I e a... 
Piscataquis, Eph. Packard, Piscataquis. Sherburn W. Elliot, Dove:-. 
Franklin, Mos. Sherburn, Phillips. Joseph A. Linscott, Phillips. 
Aroostook, Saml. G. Tuck, Haynesville. Ezekiel D. French. Houlton. 

Times and Places of holding the Supreme Judicial Courts in Maine. 

LAW TERMS. 

County of York, at Alfred, on the Tuesday next but two preceding 

the last Tuesday of April. 
County of Cumberland, at Portland, on the Tuesday next but one 

preceding the last Tuesday of April. 
County of Lincoln, at Wiscasset, on the first Tuesday of May. 
County of Hancock, at Ellsworth, on the seventh Tuesday next 

after the fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Washington, at Machias, on the sixth Tuesday next after 

the fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Kennebec, at Augusta, on the second Tuesday of May. 
County of Oxford, at Paris, on the fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Somerset, at Norridgewock, on the Tuesday second after 

the fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Penobscot, at Bangor, on the Tuesday fourth after the 

fourth Tuesday of May. 



STATE OF MAINE. 835 

County of Waldo, at Belfast, on the eighth Tuesday next after the 

fourth" Tuesday of May. 
County of Piscataquis, at Dover, on the third Tuesday after the 

fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Franklin, at Farmington, on the first Tuesday after the 

fourth Tuesday of May. 

NISI-PRIUS TERMS. 

County of York, at Alfred, on the third Tuesday of September. 

County of Cumberland at Portland, on the second Tuesday of No- 
vember. 

County of Lincoln, at Wiscasset, on the Wednesday after the second 
Monday of September. 

County of Kennebec, at Augusta, on the first Tuesday of October. 

County of Oxford, at Paris, on the second Tuesday of October. 

County of Somerset, at Norridgewock, on the last Tuesday of Sep- 
tember. 

County of Penobscot at Bangor, on the fourth Tuesday of October. 

County of Waldo, at Belfast, on the second Tuesday of December. 

Times and Places of holding the District Court in Maine. 

WESTERN DISTRICT. 

County of York, at Alfred, on the second Monday of February, the 
last Monday of May, and the third Monday of October. 

County of Cumberland, at Portland, on the first Tuesday of March, 
the third Tuesday of June, and the first Tuesday of October. 

County of Oxford, at Paris, on Monday preceding the second Tues- 
day in June, and on Monday preceding the first Tuesday of 
November. 

County of Franklin, at Farmington, on the last Monday of March, 
and on Monday next but one preceding the first Tuesday of 
October. 

MIDDLE DISTRICT. 

County of Lincoln, at Wiscasset, on the fourth Tuesday of February, 

the second Tuesday of June, and the fourth Tuesday of October. 
County of Kennebec, at Augusta, on the first Tuesday of April, the 

first Tuesday of August, and the first Tuesday of December. 
County of Somerset, at Norridgewock, on the second Tuesday of 

January, the first Tuesday of May, and the second Tuesday of 

October. 
County of Waldo, at Belfast, on the first Tuesday of February, and 

the fourth Tuesday of August. 



336 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



EASTERN DISTRICT. 

County of Penobscot, at Bangor, on the first Tuesday of January, the 

first Tuesday of October, and the fourth Tuesday of May. 
County of Hancock, at Ellsworth, on the second Tuesday of April 

and the fourth Tuesday of October. 
County of Washington, at Machias, on the last Tuesday of February 

and the third Tuesday of September. 
County of Piscataquis, at Dover, on the last Tuesday of March and 

the second Tuesday of November. 
County of Aroostook, at Houlton, on the first Tuesday of September. 

FlNANCKS.* 

Amount of receipts from May 1, 1849. to April 30, 1 850, inclusive, $525,688.26 
Balance of Cash in the Treasury, May 1, 1849 79,038.26 

604,726.52 

Amount of expenditures from May 1,1 849.to Apr. 30, 1850, inclusive, 478,802.45 
Leaving a balance in the Treasury, April 30, 1850, of 125,92407 

604,726.52 
The following are the principal items of expenditure and sources of income: 

SOURCES OF INCOME. 



Direct taxes $190,976.60 

Land office 132,340.95 

Permanent school fund 2,009.30 

School fund, No. 17 27.230 27 

County taxes 14,508 14 

Interest on U. S. loan 8,100.00 

Premium on U. S. stock sold, 7,725.00 

Interest 3,67808 

Bank dividends 700 00 

Duties on commissions 2,170.00 

EXPENDITURES. 



Officers of the State Prison, 4,756.25 

Insane Hospital 1 ,51 9.50 

Deaf, dumb, and blind 9,750 09 

School fund, No. 16 24,435.56 

Teachers' Institute 2,600.00 

Board of Edir at on 785.00 

Penobscot Indians fund 4,187.33 

Agricultur. products to Indians,219.80 

Indian annuities 1,500.00 

State roads and bridges 1.800.00 

Militia pensions 2,123.00 

Maine Reports 1,560.00 

Eastman's Digest of Do 1,875.00 

Agricultural Societies 2,202.90 

Pay of the Legislature 41,690.00 i County taxes 24,479.92 

Expenses of the Executive. .5,007.93 Furniture and repairs 1,100.00 

Salaries 25,163.02 Contingent fund of Treasurer,l. 000.00 

Clerks 2, 00.00 State Prison 3,300.00 

Boll of accounts 13, 44.30 Public debt paid 124,250 00 

Printing,binding.&stationery.2,500.00 Interest on debt 61.574.29 

Costs, criminal prosecutions,*23,578.66 Temporary loan 82,350 00 

The resources of the State are estimated at $ 819,267.39 

Among which are enumerated, besides cash on hand and the pro- 
ceeds of annual taxes, 100 shares in the Augusta Bank 10,000 00 

U. S. six per cent, stock, due 1856 20,000.00 

Whole amount of public debt $ 854,750.00 

Interest on the same, about 55,000.00 

* From the Report of the State Treasurer. 




STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Officers for 1850-51. 
Samuel Dinsmoor, Keene, Governor. 





Council. 




Greenleaf Clark, 
Dana Woodman, 

Alvah Smith, 
Simeon Warner, 


Atkinson, 
New Hampton, 

Lempster, 
Whitefield, 


District No. 1. 
No. 2. 
No. 3 
No. 4. 
No. 5. 



John L. Hadley, Concord, Secretary of State. 
Jesse A. Gove, Concord, Deputy Secretary. 
Edson Hill, Concord, Treasurer. 

JUDICIARY. 

Superior Court of Judicature. 

John J. Gilchrist, Charlestown, Chief Justice. 

Andrew S. Woods, Bath, "] 

Ira A. Eastman, Gilmanton, I . . ■ T .. 

ri . n n „ llr , r Associate Justices. 

Samuel D. Bell, Manchester, j 

Ira Perley, Concord, t J 

John Sullivan, Exeter, Attorney- General. 

William L. Foster, Keene, State Reporter. 

Clerks of the Superior Court. 
Ira B. Hoitt, Exeter, for Rockingham ; John H. Smith, Dover, for 
Strafford ; Perley Dodge, Amhert, for Hillsborough ; Leonard Bisco, 
Keene, for Cheshire ; Jonas D. Sleeper, Haverhill, for Grafton ; J. 
M. Rix, Lancaster, for Coos ; Nathaniel B. Baker, Concord, for 
Merrimack ; Thomas W. Gilmore, Newport, for Sullivan ; Ebenezer 
S. Lawrence, Meredith, for Belknap; Francis R. Chase, Conway, 
for Carroll. 

Court of Common Pleas. 
In this Court, the Chief Justice, or one of the Associate Justices of 
the Superior Court, presides, with two County Justices as Associates. 
At the trial of capital cases, two Justices of the Superior Court are 
required to be present. 

29* 



338 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

County Justices. 
The County Justices receive $3 per day during the sitting of the 
Court, and ten cents a mile to and from the place of session. 

Counties. ' Names anrl Residences. Appointed. 

Rockingham, .Bradbury Bartlett, Nottingham,. . . .January 8, 1833. 

James Pickering, Newington, July 1, 1843. 

Strafford, . . .George L. Whitehouse, Farmington,. January 4, 1841. 

Hiram R. Roberts, Somers worth, . . . .March 17, 1840. 
Belknap,. . . .Henry Y. Simpson, New Hampton,. .January 4, 1841. 

Thomas Cogswell, Gilmantown, January 4, 1841. 

Carroll, .... Thomas Rust, Wolf borough, Sept. 28, 1846. 

Thomas P. Drake, Effingham, August 8, 1843. 

Merrimack,. .Benjamin Wadleigh, Sutton, January 8, 1833. 

Jacob A. Potter, Concord, Dec. 16, 1844. 

Hillsboro',. . .Jacob Whittemore, Antrim, June 18, 1840. 

Jesse Carr, Goffstown, June 27, 1835. 

Cheshire,. . . Nathan G. Babbitt, Walpole, Jan. 17, 1842. 

Horace Chapin, Winchester, May 19, 1836. 

Sullivan, . . . .Ambrose Cossit, Claremont, January 8, 1833. 

Eleazer Jackson, Cornish, January 8, 1833. 

Grafton, David C. Churchill, Lyme, Nov. 24, 1834. 

Oscar F. Fowler, Bristol, June 28, 1850. 

Coos, Nahum D. Day, Stratford, March 22, 1850. 

Robert Ingails, Shelburne, Jan. 17, 1848. 

County Solicitors. 

Albert R. Hatch, Portsmouth, for Rockingham ; Samuel Clark, 
Somersworth, for Strafford ; Samuel H.Ayer, Hillsborough, for Hills- 
borough ; Wm. P. Wheeler, Keene, for Cheshire ; J. Everett Sar- 
gent, Wentworth, for Grafton ; William Burns, Lancaster, for Coos ; 
John H. George, Concord, for Merrimack ; A. B. Williamson, Clare- 
mont, for Sullivan ; Thomas J. Whipple, Meredith, for Belknap ; 
Sanborn B. Carter, Ossipee, for Carroll. 

SliT For the Clerks of the Courts of Common Pleas, see the Clerks 
of the Superior Courts respectively. The same Clerk who acts in 
the Superior Court, performs the duties of Clerk in the Court of 
Common Pleas, but each respectively for his County has a distinct 
appointment from the Court of Common Pleas. 

Terms of the Superior Court. 

First District. — Exeter, on the 3d Tuesday of July, and at Dover 

on the 3d Tuesday of December, for the counties of Rockingham 

and Strafford. 
Second District. — Concord, on the 2d Tuesday of July, and at 

Amherst, on the 2d Tuesday of December, for the counties of 

Merrimack and Hillsborough. 



STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 339 

Third District. — Newport, on the 1st Tuesday of July, and at 
Keene, on the 1st Tuesday of December, for the counties of Sulli- 
van and Cheshire. 

Fourth District. — Ossipee, on the 4th Tuesday of July, and at Gil- 
ford, on the 4th Tuesday of December, for the counties of Belknap 
and Carroll. 

Fifth District. — Plymouth, on the Tuesday next after the 4th Tues- 
day of July, at Lancaster on the Tuesday next after the term at 
Plymouth, and at Haverhill on the Tuesday next after the 4th 
Tuesday of December, for the counties of Grafton and Coos. 



Terms of the Court of Common Pleas. 

Rockingham. — Portsmouth, 3d Tuesday of September ; Exeter, 2d 

Tuesday of February. 
Strafford. — Dover, 3d Tuesday of January, and 3d Tuesday of 

August. 
Belknap. — Gilford, 4th Tuesday of February and 1st Tuesday of 

September. 
Carroll. — Ossipee, 3d Tuesday of May, and 4th Tuesday of Nov. 
Merrimack. — Concord, 4th Tuesday of March, and 2d Tuesday of 

October. 
Hillsborough. — Amherst, 3d Tuesday of April ; Manchester, 4th 

Tuesday of October. 
Cheshire. — Keene, 3d Tuesday of March and 2d Tuesday of Sept. 
Sullivan. — Newport, 1st Tuesday of February and 3d Tuesday of 

August. 
Crafton. — Haverhill, 2d Tuesday of April and 1st Tuesday of Oct., 

for the Western Judicial District ; at Plymouth, 2d Tuesday of 

May and 3d Tuesday of November, for the Eastern Judicial Dist. 
Cobs. — Lancaster, 1st Tuesday of May and 1st Tuesday of Nov. 

Probate Judges. 

Counties. Names and Residences. Appointed. 

Rockingham, Ira St. Clair, Deerfield, August 5, 1848. 
Strafford, Charles W. Woodman, Dover, January, 1846. 
Belknap, Warren Lovell, Meredith, January, 1841. 

Carroll, Jonathan T. Chase, Conway, January, 1841. 
Merrimack, Horace Chase, Hopkinton, January, 1833. 
Hillsborough, Luke Woodbury, Antrim, January, 1836. 
Cheshire, Larkin Baker, Westmoreland, Nov. 1841. 
Sullivan, John L. Putnam, Cornish, October, 1834. 

Grafton, Eleazer Martin, Canaan, June, 1849. 

Cobs, Benjamin Hunking, Lancaster, July, 1829, 



340 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Probate Registers. 

Counties. Names and Residences. Appointed. 

Rockingham, James H. Shapley, Exeter, January, 1847. 

Strafford, John H. White, Dover, June 22, 1849. 

Belknap, Jeremiah Elkins, Meredith, January, 1841. 

Carroll, Obed Hall, Tamworth, January, 1841. 

Merrimack, Calvin Ainsworth, Concord, January, 1846. 

Hillsborough, L. N. Pattee, Amherst, Sept. 1842. 

Cheshire, Geo. F. Starkweather, Keene, January, 1847. 

Sullivan, Ralph Metcalf, Newport, October, 1845. 

Grafton, Samuel Swazey, Haverhill, Sept. 1842. 

Coos, George A. Cossit, Lancaster, July, 1837. 

Sheriffs. 
Rockingham, Stephen W. Dearborn, Exeter ; Strafford, George 
McDaniel, Barrington ; Belknap, Samuel Webster, Barnstead ; 
Carroll, Jonathan Wedgewood, Effingham ; Merrimack, Nathaniel A. 
Davis, Concord; Hillsborough, Elijah Monroe, Amherst; Cheshire, 
John Foster, Keene ; Sullivan, John Starritt, Charlestown ; Grafton, 
Joseph Powers, Haverhill ; Coos, Reuben Stephenson, Lancaster. 

County Treasurers. 
James A. Butler, Rockingham ; Samuel Downing, Jr., New Dur- 
ham, for Strafford ; Amos H. Jones, Sanbornton, for Belknap ; M. 
H. Marston, for Carroll; Mitchel Gilmore, Jr., Concord, for Merri- 
mack ; Adam Chandler, Bedford, for Hillsborough ; George F. Stark- 
weather, Keene, for Cheshire ; Orlando Powers, Cornish, for Sulli- 
van ; David Smith, Warren, for Grafton ; Edward Parsons, Jefferson, 
for Coos. 

Registers of Deeds. 
Josiah B. Wiggin, for Rockingham ; Charles Young, Dover, for 
Strafford ; Nathaniel Edgerly, Gilford, for Belknap ; Loammi Hardy, 
Ossipee, for Carroll ; George Jones, Concord, for Merrimack ; Wm. 
Wetherbee, Amherst, for Hillsborough; Barton Skinner, Keene, for 
Cheshire ; Matthew Harvey, Newport, for Sullivan ; Luke Aiken, 
Haverhill, for Grafton ; John S. Roby, Lancaster, for Cobs. 

Bank Commissioners. 
Frederick Vose, Walpole ; James M. Rix, Lancaster ; Henry F. 
French, Exeter. 

Railroad Commissioners. 
James W. Weeks, Lancaster ; Elijah R. Currier, Newton ; Asa P. 
Cate, Northfield. 

Greenleaf Clark, Commissioner of Boston and Maine Railroad. 









STATE OP VERMONT. 

Officers for 1850-51. 
Charles K. Williams, Rutland, Governor. 

Council. 

George Howes, Montpelier, Treasurer. 

Ferrand F. Merrill, Montpelier, Secretary of State. 

F. E. Woodbridge, Vergennes, Auditor of Accounts. 

F. W. Hopkins, Rutland, Adjutant and Inspector General. 

D. W. C. Clarke, Burlington, Quartermaster- General. 

Luther Cross, Montpelier, Sergeant-at-Arms. 

R. F. Andrews, Cavendish, Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs. 

Geo. Nichols, Northfield, Librarian ; F. F. Hovey, Montp., Assistant 

JUDICIARY. 

Justices of the Supreme Court. 
Stephen Royce, Berkshire, Chief Justice. 

Isaac F. Redfield, Randolph, ) . ... T . 
Tk - i tt u -d i • a. f Assistant Justices. 

Daniel Kellogg, Rockingham, ) 

Peter T. Washburn, Woodstock, Reporter of Decisions. 

Circuit Judges. 
1st Circuit, Robert Pierpoint, Rutland. 
2d " Jacob Collamer, Woodstock. 
3d " Milo L. Bennett, Burlington. 
4th " Luke P. Poland, St. Johnsbury. 
First Circuit. — Bennington, Rutland, and Addison counties. 
Second Circuit. — Windham, Windsor, and Orange counties. 
Third Circuit. — Chittenden, Franklin, Lamoille, and Grand Isle 

counties. 
Fourth Circuit. — Washington, Caledonia, Orleans, and Essex counties. 

U. S. Courts in Vermont. 
District. — Rutland, 6th October ; Windsor, 24th May. 
Pircuit. — Windsor, 21st May ; Rutland, 3d October. 
Samuel Prentiss, Montpelier, Judge. 
Abel Underwood, Newbury, District Attorney. 



342 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

John Pettes, Windsor, Marshal. 

Albert G. Catlin, Burlington, Collector. 

Edward H. Prentiss, Montpelier, Clerk of Circuit and Dist. Courts. 

COUNTY COURTS. 

Bennington County. 

p ' p ,, ' "' > Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Leonard Sargeant, Manchester, Judge of Prolate for the District of 

Manchester. 
Elijah Barber, Pownal, Judge of Probate for the District of Bennington. 
Harmon Can field, Arlington, Slate's Attorney. 
James S. Merrill, Bennington, Sheriff. 
Gurden H. Smith, Manchester, High Bailiff. 

Windham County. 
tt n 1 ' I Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Royal Tyler, Brattleboro', Judge of Probate for the District of Marl- 
boro'. 

Abishai Stoddard, Grafton, Judge of Probate for the District of West- 
minster. 

George B. Kellogg, Saxton's River, State's Attorney. 

Chandler Pratt, Wardsboro', Sheriff. 

Kendall P. Barry, Saxton's River, High Bailiff. 

Windsor County. 

p , . -p, u ' r Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Salmon F. Dutton, Cavendish, Judge of Probate for the District of 

Windsor. 
John Porter, Hartford, Judge of Probate for the District of Hartford. 
Luther Adams, Chester, State's Attorney. 
Lorenzo Richmond, Woodstock, Sheriff. 
Silas Warren, Ludlow, High Bailiff. 

Rutland County. 
<5 i ii F u f Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Harvey Button, Wallingford, Judge of Probate for the District of Rut- 
land. 

Almon Warner, Castleton, Judge of Probate for the District of Fair- 
haven. 

Ezra June, Brandon, State's Attorney. 

Jacob Edgerton, Rutland, Sheriff. 

Levi Briggs, Brandon, High Bailiff. 



STATE OF VERMONT. 343 



Addison County. 

a . an ri ' .. ' ' r Assistant Judges of the County Court. 
Calvin G.Tilden, ) . a 

Horatio Seymour, Middlebury, Judge of Probate for Dist. of Addison. 

Harvey Munsill, Bristol, Judge of Probate for District of Newhaven. 

John Prout, Salisbury, State's Attorney. 

David S. Church, Sheriff. 

Win. Joslin, Vergennes, High Bailiff. 

Orange County. 

/-. u i Vr. t t r Assistant Judqes of the County Court. 
GouldsburnTaphn,Jr. ) * * s 

Royal Hatch, Strafford, Judge of Probate for the District of Bradford. 
Philander Perrin, Randolph, Judge of Probate for the District of Ran- 
dolph. 
Asa M. Dickey, Topsham, State's Attorney. 
Oramel H. Watson, Topsham, Sheriff. 
Harvey Tracy, Tunbridge, High Bailiff. 

Chittenden County. 

T 'p | , ' [■ Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Charles Adams, Burlington, Judge of Probate. 
John G. Saxe, Burlington, State's Attorney. 
S. W. Taylor, Burlington, Sheriff. 
Wm. S. Wood, Westford, High Bailiff. 

Washington County. 

-r , TT ' i y Assistant Judqes of the County Court. 

Joseph Hancock, j , . h 

Jacob Scott, Montpelier, Judge of Probate. 

Stoddard B. Colby, Montpelier, State's Attorney. 

Ira Mc Cloud, Woodbury, Sheriff. 

Ezra Kidder, Plain field, High Bailiff. 

Caledonia County. 
A1 1 F T d ' ' I Assistant Judges of the County Court. 
Theron Howard, Danville, Judge of Probate. 
Joseph Potts, Groton, State's Attorney. 
Hiram Perkins, Walden, Sheriff. 
James Morse, Waterford, High Bailiff. 

Franklin County. 
W C W'l ' \ Assistant Judges of the County Court, 
Wm. Bridges, St. Albans, Judge of Probate, 



344 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Augustus Burt, Sheldon, State's Attorney. 
Orson Carpenter, St. Albans, Sheriff. 
John Barney, Swan ton Falls, High Bailiff. 

Orleans County. 
Solomon Dwinnell, \ Assistant Jud f the Cmnt CourL 
Loren W. Clark, > * J y 

Isaac N. Cushnian, Irasburgh, Judge of Probate. 
Norman Boardman, Troy, State's Attorney. 
Elisha White, Brownington, Sheriff. 
Silas Sears, Coventry, High Bailiff. 

Lamoille County. 

Henry Stowell, f Assistant Jud s y the County Court. 
John Meigs, 3 y J * 

Andrew Dow, Johnson, Judge of Probate. 
W. H. H. Bingham, Stowe, State's Attorney. 
Vernon W. Waterman, Morristown, Sheriff. 
Samuel Plumley, Eden, High Bailiff. 

Essex County. 

David Hibbard, Jr., ) ^siMant Judges of the County Court. 
Oramel Crawford, j * J 

Jonah Brooks, Lunenburgh, Judge of Probate. 
Wm. H. Hartshorn, Guildhall, State's Attorney. 
Greenleaf Webb, Guildhall, Sheriff. 
Hiram P. Cooper, Canaan, High Bailiff. 

Grand Isle County. 

"fi' S ° wleS ' X Assistant Judges of the County Court. 

Daniel Wait, ) 

Sealand Whitney, North Hero, Judge of Probate. 

Henry Adams, Alburgh, State's Attorney. 

Charles H. Clark, Alburgh, Sheriff. 

George W. Eddy, Isle la xMott, High Bailiff. 

Miscellaneous Appointments. 

Charles G. Burnham, Danville, State Superintendent of Common 
Schools. 
State Prison. — Hiram Harlow, Windsor, Superintendent; John 

Porter of Hartford, Martin Wires of* Underhill, and Alfred Keith 

of Sheldon, Directors. 

Calvin Jewett, St. Johnsbury, Commissioner of the Insane. 
George C. West, Irasburgh, Bank Commissioner. 

Geo. F. Houghton, St. Albans, Resident Agent for International Scien- 
tific and Literary Exchanges. 




STATE OP RHODE ISLAND. 

Officers for 1850-51. 
Henry B. Anthony, Providence, Governor. 

Council. 

Thomas Whipple, of Coventry, Lieutenant-Governor. 
Christopher E. Bobbins, of Providence, Sec. of State. 
Stephen Cahoone, of Newport, General Treasurer. 
Joseph M. Blake, of Bristol, Attorney- General. 
Elisha R. Potter, of Kingston, Comm'r of Public Schools. 

JUDICIARY. 

Supreme Court. 

Richard W. Greene, of Providence, Chief Justice. 
Levi Hale, of Warren, Associate Justice. 
William R. Staples, of Providence, " 
George A. Brayton, of Warwick, " 
Thomas Durfee, of Providence, Reporter. 

Clerks of Supreme Court. 

William Gilpin, Newport, for Newport; Walter Paine, Jr., of Proy- 
idence, for Providence ; Powell Helme, of Kingston, for Washington ; 
Massadore T. Bennett, of Bristol, for Bristol ; Joseph J. Tillinghast, 
of East Greenwich, for Kent. 

Clerks of Court of Common Pleas. 

Daniel C. Denham, of Newport, for Newport ; John W. Smith, of 
Providence, for Providence ; John G. Clarke, Jr., of Kingston, for 
Washington ; Massadore T. Bennett, of Bristol, for Bristol; William 
Bodfish, of East Greenwich, for Kent. 



30 



346 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Public Schools. 

The State has a School Fund, invested in bank stock, of Sol, 300. 
By an act passed in 1836, the interest of the State's part of the 
United States surplus revenue (commonly called the Deposit Fund) 
was set apart for public schools. $35,000 is annually paid from the 
State treasury for schools. By an act passed in June, 1848, the 
proceeds of the militia commutation tax in each town are to be ap- 
plied hereafter to the support of public schools. The whole number 
of school districts in the State is 332, of which 231 own school- 
houses. There has been expended for schoolhouses during the last 
six years $148,254. Number of persons in the State under fifteen, 
38,052. Number of scholars registered, 22,477, — 11,867 males and 
10,610 females; average attendance, 16,590. Number of male 
teachers, 235 ; of female, 237. Amount received from the State, 
$25,330.63; amount raised by towns, $54,843.94; total, $80,174.57. 
Expended for schools, $86,554.12. 

Banks in Rhode Island, April, 1850. 

The whole number of Banks is 61, (23 in and 38 out of Provi- 
dence,) and their condition is thus stated : — 



Dr. Liabilities. 

Capital stock paid in, $11, 29 7, 552. 50 
Bills in circulation, 2,525,549.25 

Deposits on interest, 126,034.91 

Deposits not on interest, 1,282,714.65 
Debts due to Banks, 588,295.68 

Dividends unpaid, 28,396 42 

Net profits on hand, 684,563 58 

Total, 16,533,106.99 



Resources. Cr. 

Debts due from directors, $729,251.34 
Debts do. from stockhold's,538.079.89 
Debts due from all othersl3,555,l 69.15 
Specie actually in banks, 291,295.56 
Bills of other banks, 443,445.1 5 

Deposits in other banks, 484,918.18 
Stock in the banks, &c, 85.148.76 
Stock in other banks, and 

other stocks, 155,479,63 

Ileal Estate, 236.610.60 

Furniture & other property, 13,708,73 



Total, 16,533,106.99 

vidence. 

Thomas W. Hay ward, Warden. The number of prisoners, Sep- 
tember 30, 1849, was 28,-27 males, 1 female. Committed during 
past year, 16. Discharged by expiration of time, 4 ; by the General 
Assembly, 4. Died, 2. The convicts in the State Prison are prin- 
cipally employed in shoemaking; those in the Providence county 
jail, at cabinet-work. 

The income of the prison for the year was $3,659,71 ; the ex- 
penses were $8,747.62 ; balance of expense, $5,087.91. Number of 
persons in Providence jail at the suit of the State, September 30, 
1849, 66 ; at the suit of the city, 9 ; of the United States, 1 ; debtors, 
4. Total, 80. 

For a portion of the above statistics we are indebted to the 
" American Almanac. " 




STATE OP CONNECTICUT. 

Officers for 1850-51. 
Thomas H. Seymour, Hartford, Governor. 
R. A. Erving, Exec. Secretary. Philip Curtis, Messenger. 

Charles H. Pond, Milford, Lieutenant-Governor. 
John P. C. Mather, New London, Secretary of State. 
Henry D. Smith, Middletown, Treasurer. 
Rufus G. Pinney, Stafford, Comptroller. 

John C. Palmer, East Haddani, Commissioner of the School Fund. 
Elisha Dodd, Calvin Spencer, Auditors of Public Accounts. 
Win. H. Gilbert, Stillman Niles, Auditors of Quartermaster Gen- 
eral's Account. 

Courts. 
United States Circuit and District Courts. 
Stephen Nelson, Cooperstown, N. Y., Circuit Judge. 
Andrew T. Judson, Canterbury, District Judge. 
John J. Cleveland, New Haven, District Clerk. 
Thomas C. Perkins, Hartford, District Attorney. 
A. A. Pettengill, Bridgeport, Marshal. 

Chester Adams, Hartford ; Leander Parmelee, New Haven ; 
George Bliss, Norwich, Deputy Marshals. 

Supreme Court of Errors. 
Samuel Church, Litchfield, Chief Judge. 

William L. Storrs, Hartford ; Henry M. Waite, Lyme ; Joel Hin- 
man, New Haven ; William W. Ellsworth, Hartford, Associate Judges. 
Thomas Day, Hartford, Reporter. 

Superior Courts. 
Allotment of Judges for 1850-51. 

SUMMER TEEMS. 

Chief Judge Church, Litchfield and New London. 
Judge Waite, Middlesex and New Haven. 

" Storrs, Windham and Tolland. 

" Hinman, Hartford. 

" Ellsworth, Fairfield. 



348 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

WINTER TERMS. 

Chief Judge Church, Hartford. 
Judge Waite, Fairfield and Tolland. 

" Storrs, New Haven. 

" Hinman, Windham and Litchfield. 



County Courts. 

Hartford. — Samuel H. Huntington, Hartford, Judge. Thomas 
Cowles, Farmington ; Sanford Grant, South Windsor ; Josiah At- 
wood, Wethersfield, Commissioners. William W. Eaton, Hartford, 
Clerk of Courts. Richard D. Hubbard, Hartford, State Attorney. 
Chester Adams, Hartford, Sheriff. 

New Haven. — Alfred Blackman, New Haven, Judge. David S. 
Fowler, East Haven ; Timothy V. Meigs, Madison ; Willard Spen- 
cer, Waterbury, Commissioners. Robert H. Osborn, New Haven, 
Clerk of Courts. Charles A. Ingersoll, New Haven, State Attorney. 
Leander Parmelee, Wallingford, Sheriff. 

New London. — James A. Hovey, Norwich, Judge. Lathum Hull, 
North Stonington ; Sabin K. Smith, New London ; Marshfield S. 
Parker, Lyme, Commissioners. James Stedman, Norwich, Clerk of 
Courts. John T. Wait, Norwich, State Attorney. George Bliss, 
Norwich, Sheriff. 

Fairfield. — Edward Taylor, Danbury, Judge. Ezra Morgan, 
Newtown ; David Pachen, Weston ; Burling D. Purdy, New Canaan, 
Commissioners. William H. Noble, Bridgeport, Clerk of Courts. 
Wm. F. Taylor, Danbury, State Attorney. Charles Isaacs, Norwalk, 
Sheriff. 

Windham. — George S. Catlin, Windham, Judge. Benj. C. Sim- 
mons, Ashford ; Comfort S. Hyde, Canterbury ; Henry Hammond, 
Pomfret, Commissioners. Uriel Fuller, Brooklyn, Clerk of Courts. 
Abiel Converse, Killingly, State Attorney. George Warren, Killingly, 
Sheriff. 

Litchfield. — Charles B. Phelps, Woodbury, Judge. John Boyd, 
Winsted; Henry L. Randall, Roxbury; Daniel Parsons, Sharon, 
Commissioners. Elisha Johnson, Plymouth, Clerk of Courts. John 
H. Hubbard, Salisbury, State Attorney. Albert Sedgwick, Litchfield, 
Sheriff. 

Middlesex. — Samuel Ingham, Essex, Judge. William J. French, 
Middletown ; Asher Robinson, Durham ; Jedediah R. Gardner, East 
Haddam, Commissioners. Elihu Spencer, Middletown, Clerk of 
Courts. Charles Whittlesey, Middletown, State Attorney. Charles 
Stevens, Clinton, Sheriff. 

Tolland. — George S. Catlin, Judge. John S. Yeomans, Colum- 
bia; Richard H. Rose, Coventry; Solva Converse, Stafford, Com- 
missioners. Asa Willey, Stafford, Clerk of Courts. John H. Brock- 
way, Ellington, State Attorney. Solomon L. Griggs, Tolland, Sheriff. 






STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 349 



Notaries Public. 



Hartford. — Heman H. Barbour, Jerome B. Brown, John L. Bunce, 
John A. Butler, Seymour N. Case, Charles R. Chapman, Samuel 
Coit, Elisha Dodd, Jr., Richard G. Drake, Francis Fellowes, Richard 
Fitzgerald, Henry Fowler, George S. Gilman, Edward Goodman, 
James H. Holcomb, John Hooker, Charles Ives, Austin Kilbourn, 
Benning Mann, Dwight W. Pardee, Charles L. Porter, James B. 
Powell, George Robinson, Lucius F. Robinson, John W. Seymour, 
Erastus Smith, Seth Terry. 

New Haven. — N. A. Cowdry, L. A. Daggett, William H. Elliott, 
Jr., William Hartley, Wait N. Hawley, John C. Hollister, Charles 
Ives, Charles R. Ingersoll, George Lindley, Ira Merwin, Lucius G. 
Peck, William A. Reynolds, Charles Robinson, Edward I. Sanford, 
Alfred J. Works. 

New London. — Louis Bristol, W. C. Crump, Leonard Dart, Joseph 
C. Douglass, Elijah F. Dutton, George W. Goddard, Andrew C. 
Lippett, John P. C. Mather, Josephus R. Merriam, Aaron E. Stone, 
Hiram Willey. 

Norwich. — William L. Brewer, Enoch C. Chapman, Gerard Car- 
penter, Levi H. Goddard, George Hill, James A. Hovey, Lewis A. 
Hyde, Charles J. Lanman, Ebenezer Learned, Jr., George A. Meach, 
Roswell Morgan, William E. Park, George Perkins, Thomas Robin- 
son, James Stedman, John T. Wait, Oliver P. Wattles, David Young. 



Connecticut Medical Society. 

Annual Meeting at the time and place of session of the General 
Assembly. 

George Sumner, Hartford, President. 
Rufus Blakeman, Greenfield, Vice-President. 
Josiah G. Beckwith, Litchfield, Secretary. 
Virgil M. Dow, New Haven, Treasurer. 



Connecticut Botanico-Medical Society. 

H. F. Gardner, Springfield, President. 
T. F. Davis, Plymouth, Vice-President. 
T. Sperry, N. Hartford, Recording Secretary. 
A. J. Jaques, Central Village, Corresponding Secretary. 
C. W. Jaques, Treasurer. 

L J. Sperry, J. D. Friend, H. B. Steele, John Hooker, John T. 
Cooke, Censors. 
Next annual meeting, 2d Tuesday of May. 
30* 



350 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Finances of the State. 

The State is indebted to the School Fund, $58,212 

Permanent Fund of the State in Bank Stock, 406,000 

RECEIPTS. 

Forfeited Bonds and Avails of Courts, $5,895 

Forfeitures and Escheats, 1,189 

Surplus Earnings State Prison, • 3,000 

Licenses to Peddlers, 247 

Sales of Statutes, 1,406 

Net avails of State Tax, 62,015 

Dividends of Bank Stock, 37,053 

Total, .$110,805 

EXPENDITURES. 

Expenses of General Assembly, 1849, $27,281 

Salaries Executive Officers, . 4,100 

Salaries Judicial Officers, . . , 9,250 

Judicial Expenses, , 49,002 

Military Expenses, 2,905 

Contingent Expenses, 7,592 

Revised Statutes, 5,007 

State Paupers, 2,309 

Directors State Prison, 300 

Superintendence of Common Schools, etc 2,036 

Paid to Asylum for Deaf and Dumb, 2,640 

Paid to Retreat for Insane, 4,970 

Paid to Agricultural Societies, 1,000 

Interest on Loans from School Fund, 3,329 

Total, .$121,721 

State Prison. 

Zebulon Brockway, Lyme ; G. H. Olmsted, E. Hartford ; D. B. 
Warner, Jr., E. Haddam, Directors. 

L. R. Welles, Warden ; T. H. Holladay, Deputy Warden ; Rev. 
S. Griswold, Chaplain ; R. Fox, Physician ; Z. R. Brockway, Clerk. 

Statistics of the Prison, April 1, 1850. — Receipts, $14,149; Ex- 
penditures, $12,315 ; Balance, gain, $1,833. Received for work 
done in shops, — Carpenter's, $3,407 ; Chair-seating, 4,805 ; Table 
Cutlery, 3,396 ; Shoe, 2,386 ; Varnishing, 1,305 ; Cabinet, 2,703 ; 
Female, 302. 

Whole number April, 1849, 157; since received, 61 ; discharged, 
43 ; present number, 175. Average for year, 160. 

Crimes for which the 61 were committed : Murder, 3 ; attempt to 
kill, 3 ; exposing child, 1 ; attempt at rape, 1 ; adultery, 3 ; arson, 
5 ; burglary, 14 ; theft, 20 ; forgery, 2 ; horse-stealing, 9. 



OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL STATES. 351 



GOVERNORS OF THE STATES. 

John Hubbard, Maine ; Samuel Dinsmoor, New Hampshire ; C. K. 
Williams, Vermont ; George S. Boutwell, Massachusetts ; Henry B. 
Anthony, Rhode Island ; Thomas H. Seymour, Connecticut ; Wash- 
ington Hunt, New York ; Daniel Haines, New Jersey ; William F. 
Johnson, Pennsylvania ; William Tharp, Delaware ; Enoch L. Lowe, 
Maryland; John B. Floyd,Virginia; David S.Reid, N. Carolina; John 
H. Means, S. Carolina ; George W. Towns, Georgia ; Henry W. Col- 
lier, Alabama; John A. Quitman, Mississippi ; Joseph Walker, Louis- 
iana ; John S. Roane, Arkansas ; Wm. Trousdale, Tennessee ; John L. 
Helm, Act., Kentucky ; Reuben Wood, Ohio ; John S. Barry, Michi- 
gan ; Joseph A.Wright, Indiana ; Augustus C. French, Illinois ; Austin 
A. King, Missouri ; Thomas Brown, Florida ; P. H. Bell, Texas ; 
Ansel Briggs, Iowa ; Nelson Dewey, Wisconsin ; Peter H. Burnett, 
California ; John P. Gaines, Oregon Territory ; Alexander Ram- 
say, Minesota Territory ; , New Mexico ; Brigham 

Young, Utah Territory. 

Time of holding Elections. — Maine, 2d Monday in September; 
New Hampshire, 2d Tuesday in March ; Vermont, 1st Tuesday in 
September ; Massachusetts, 2d Monday in November ; Rhode Island, 
1st Wednesday in April ; Connecticut, 1st Monday in April ; New 
York, 1st Monday in November ; New Jersey, Tuesday after the 1st 
Monday in November ; Pennsylvania, 2d Tuesday in October ; 
Delaware, 2d Tuesday in November ; Maryland, 1st Wednesday in 
October ; Virginia, 4th Thursday in April ; North Carolina, 1st 
Thursday in August ; South Carolina, 2d Monday in October ; 
Georgia, 1st Monday in October ; Alabama, 1st Monday in August ; 
Mississippi, 1st Monday and Tuesday in November ; Louisiana, 1st 
Monday in November ; Arkansas, 1st Monday in August ; Tennes- 
see, 1st Thursday in August; Kentucky, 1st Monday in August; 
Ohio, 2d Tuesday in October ; Indiana, 1st Monday in August ; 
Illinois, Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November ; Missouri, 1st 
Monday in August; Michigan, 1st Tuesday in November ; Florida, 
1st Monday in October; Texas, 1st Monday in August; Iowa, 1st 
Monday in August ; Wisconsin, Tuesday after the 1st Monday in 
November ; California, Tuesday after 1st Monday in November. 



OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL STATES.* 

MAINE. 

John G. Sawyer, Augusta, Secretary of State ; Samuel Coney, Au- 
gusta, Treasurer ; Anson P. Morrill, Readfield, Land Agent ; Elisha 
M. Thurston, Charleston, Secretary Board of Education. 

* The Secretaries of State and State Treasurers are inserted as residents at the Seat 
of Government of each State. 



352 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
John L. Hadley, Concord, Secretary of State ; Jesse A. Gove, Con- 
cord, Deputy Secretary of State ; Edson Hill, Concord, Treasurer. 

VERMONT. 

Ferrand F. Merrill, Montpelier, Secretary of State ; Geo. Howes, 
Montpelier, Treasurer. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Chas. E. Robbins, Providence, Secretary of State ; Stephen Ca- 
hoone, Newport, Treasurer. 

CONNECTICUT. 

J. P. C. Mather, Hartford, Secretary of State ; Henry D. Smith, 
Hartford, Treasurer. 

NEW YORK. 

Christopher Morgan, Albany, Secretary of State and Superintendent 
of Common Schools ; Alvah Hunt, Albany, Treasurer. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Charles G. McChesney, Trenton, Secretary of State ; John Mairs, 
Trenton, Treasurer. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Alexander Russell, Harrisburg, Secretary of State and Superin- 
tendent Common Schools ; John M. Bickell, Treasurer ; John Laporte, 
Harrisburg, Surveyor-General. 

DELAWARE. 

Daniel M. Bates, Dover, Secretary of State ; Jacob Faris, Dover, 
Treasurer. 

MARYLAND. 

J. N. Watkins, Annapolis, Secretary of State ; Dennis Claude, An- 
napolis, Treasurer ; George G. Brewer, Annapolis, Register of Land 
Office. 

VIRGINIA. 

William H. Richardson, Richmond, Secretary of State ; Robert But- 
ler, Richmond, Treasurer ; Stafford H. Parker, Richmond, Register of 
Land Office. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Wm. Hill, Raleigh, Secretary of State ; Charles L. Hinton, Raleigh, 
Treasurer. 



OFFICERS OF THE SEVERAL STATES. 353 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 

B. K. Hennegen, Columbia, Secretary of State ; William C. Black, 
Columbia, Comptroller- General ; Jeremiah D. Yates, Charlestown, 
Treasurer; Wm. F. Arthur, Columbia, Survey or- General. 

GEORGIA. 

G. W. Harrison, Milledgevilie, Secretary of State ; Wm. B. Tins- 
ley, Milledgeville, Treasurer. 

FLORIDA. 

Chas. W. Downing, Tallahassee, Secretary of State ; William R. 
Hayward, Tallahassee, Treasurer. 

ALABAMA. 

William Garrett, Montgomery, Secretary of State ; Wm. Graham, 
Treasurer. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Joseph Bell, Secretary of State ; Richard Griffith, Treasurer. 

LOUISIANA. 

Charles Gayarre, New' Orleans, Secretary of State; George C. 
McWhorter, New Orleans, Treasurer. 

TEXAS. 

James Webb, Austin, Secretary of State ; James H. Raymond, 
Austin, Treasurer; George W. Smyth, Austin, Commissioner of 
Land Office. 

ARKANSAS. 

David B. Greer, Little Rock, Secretary of State ; Samuel Adams, 
Little Rock, Treasurer. 

TENNESSEE. 

W. B. A. Ramsey, Nashville, Secretary of State; Anthony Dib- 
rell, Nashville, Treasurer. 

KENTUCKY. 

John W. Finnell, Frankfort, Secretary of State ; R. C. Winter- 
smith, Frankfort, Treasurer ; Elisha A. Macurdy, Frankfort, Regis- 
ter of Land Office. 

OHIO. 

Henry W. King, Columbus, Secretary of State and Superintendent 
of Schools ; Albert A. Bliss, Columbus, Treasurer. 



354 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

MICHIGAN. 

Chas. H. Taylor, Michigan, Secretary of State ; B. C. Whittemore, 
Michigan, Treasurer ; Porter Kibber, Michigan, Commissioner of 
Land Office. 

INDIANA. 

Chas. H. Test, Indianapolis, Secretary of State ; James P. Drake, 
Indianapolis, Treasurer. 

ILLINOIS. 

— , Springfield, Secretary of State and Superintend- 
ent of Common Schools ; John Moore, Springfield, Treasurer. 

MISSOURI. 

Ephm. B. Ewing, Jefferson City, Secretary of State; Peter G. 
Glover, Jefferson City, Treasurer ; A. P. Richardson, Jefferson City, 
Register of Lands. 

IOWA. 

J. H. Bonney, Iowa City, Secretary of State ; Morgan Reno, Iowa 
City, Treasurer. 

WISCONSIN. 

Wm. Barstow, Madison, Secretary of State ; Jairus C. Fairchild, 
Madison, Treasurer. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Wm. Van Voohies, San Jose, Secretary of State ; John S. Hous- 
ton, Comptroller ; Richard Roman, Treasurer ; Charles J. Whiting, 
Surveyor- General. 

OREGON TERRITORY. 

Jno. P. Gaines, Oregon City, Governor ; Knitzing Pritchett, Sec'y, 

MINESOTA TERRITORY. 

Alex. Ramsey, St. Paul, Governor ,- C. K. Smith, Secretary. 



UTAH TERRITORY. 

Brigham Young, Governor ; Broughton D. Harris, Secretary. 

NEW MEXICO TERRITORY. 

Officers are not to be appointed until the law establishing the 
Territorial Government takes effect. 



UNITED STATES. 355 



UNITED STATES. 




EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT. 




Millard Fillmore, of New York, President, Salary $25,000 


Vacancy. Vice-President, 


5,000 


The Cabinet, 




Daniel Webster, of Mass., Secretary of State, 


$6,000 


Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, Secretary of Treasury, 


6,000 


Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana, Secretary of War, 


6,000 


Wm. A. Graham, of N. Carolina, Secretary of Navy, 


6,000 


A. H. H. Stewart, of Penn. Secretary of Interior, 


6,000 


Nathan K. Hall, of New York, Postmaster-General, 


6,000 


J. J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, Attorney- General, 


4,000 


Chief Clerks of the Departments. 




Wm. S. Derrick, Stale Department, 


$2,000 


J McGinnis, Treasury Department, 


2,000 


Wm. L. Hodge, Assistant Secretary, 


3,000 


Samuel J. Anderson, War Department, 


2,000 


John Etheridge, Navy Department, 


2,000 


Daniel C. Goddard, Department of Interior, 


2,000 



Officers of the Treasury Department. 

Elisha Whittlesey, First Comptroller, $3,500 

, Treasurer, 3,000 

Townsend Haines, Register, 3,000 

John C. Clark, Solicitor of the Treasury, 3,500 

Franklin Haven, Boston, Assistant Treasurer. 2,500 

John Young, New York, " " 4,500 

J. R Snowden, Philadelphia, " " 2,500 

Wm. M. Martin, Charleston, S. C. " " 2,500 

M. M. Beale, New Orleans, " " 2,500 

Henry S. Turner, St. Louis, " " 2,500 



Coast Survey. 

Superintendent, $6,000 



356 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. THE SENATE. 

William R. King, Alabama, President. 
The terms of the Senators expire as stated.* 



Maine. 
Hannibal Hamlin, Hampden, 1855 
J. W. Bradbury, Augusta, 1853 

New Hampshire 

John P. Hale, [F. S.,) Dover, 1853 
Moses Norris, Jr., Manchester, 1855 

Vermont. 
Samuel S. Phelps, Middlebury, 1851 
William Upham, Montpelier, 

Massachusetts. 
Robert C. Winthrop, Boston, 
John Davis, Worcester, 

Rhode Island. 
Albert C. Greene, Providence, 
John H. Clarice, Providence, 

Connecticut. 
Roger S. Baldwin, New Haven, 1851 
Truman Smith, Litchfield, 

New York. 
D. S. Dickinson, Binghampton,1851 
William H. Seicard, Auburn, 1855 



New Jersey. 

William L. Dayton, Trenton, 1851 
Jacob W. Miller, Morristown, 1 853 

Pennsylvania. 
Daniel Sturgeon, Uniontown, 1851 
James Cooper, Adams, 1855 

Delaivare. 
John Wales, Wilmington, 
Presley Spruance, Smyrna, 

Maryland. 
Thomas G. Pratt, Annapolis 
James A. Pearce, Chestertown, 1855 

Virginia. 

James M. Mason, Winchester, 1855 
R.M.T.Hunter, Lloyd3,EssexCo.,l 853 



North Carolina. 
Willie P. Mangvm, EedMountain.l 853 
George E. Badger, Raleigh, 1855 

South Carolina. 
R. B. Rhett, Ashepoo, 1853 

A. P. Butler, Edgefield, (C. H), 1855 

Georgia. 
John M. Berrien, Savannah, 1853 

William C. Dawson, Greensboro', 1 855 

. Alabama. 
Jeremiah Clemens, Huntsville, 1853 
William R. King, Selma. 

Mississippi. 
Jefferson Davis, Palmyra, 
Henry S. Foote, Jackson, 

Louisiana. 
Solomon U. Downs, Monroe, 
{^55 ! Pierre Soule, New Orleans, 

Arkansas. 
William K. Sebastian, Helena, 1853 
Solon Borland, Hot Springs, 

Tennessee. 



1855 



1851 
1853 



1851 

1853 



1851 
1853 



1851 



1855 



1855 
1853 



1853 
1855 



1855 



Hopkins L. Turney, Winchester, 1851 
John Bell, Nashville, 1853 

Kentucky. 

Jos.R. Underwood, Bowling Green, 1 853 
Henry Clay, Lexington, 1855 

Ohio. 
Thomas Ewinq, Lancaster, 1851 

Solom. P. ChaseJ F.S.,)C'mcmriSLtl,lS55 

Michigan. 

Lewis Cass, Detroit, 
Alpheus Reich, Ann Arbor, 

Indiana. 
Jesse D- Bright, Madison, 1851 

James Whitcomb, Indianapolis, 1855 



1851 
1853 



* Whigs in italics ; Natives in small capitals ; Democrats in Roman ; those marked 
F. S, are Free Soilers.—We cannot be responsible for the correctness of this classification. 



UNITED STATES. 



35 7 



Illinois. 
Stephen A. Douglas, Quincy, 1S53 
James Shields, Belville, 1855 

Missouri. 
Thomas H.Benton, St. Louis 1851 
David R. Atchison, Platte City, 1855 

Florida. 
David Levy Yulce, St.Angustine,1851 
Jackson Morton, Pensaeola, 1855 

Texas. 
Thomas J. Rusk, Nacogdoches, 1851 



Samuel Houston, ITuntsville, 1853 

Iowa. 

| George W. Jones, Dubuque, 1853 

! Augustus C. Dodge, Burlington, 1855 

Wisconsin. 

Henry Dodge, Dodgeville, 1851 

Isaac P. Walker, Milwaukee, 1853 

California. 

John C. Fremont, 1851 

William M. Gwinn, 1855 



Officers of the Senate. 

Asbury Dickens. Secretary; Lewis H. Machen. Chief Clerk; Robert Beale, 
Sergeant-al-Arms and Doorkeeper ; Rev. C. M. Butler, Chaplain. 



HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES OF THE 31ST CONGRESS, 

which will expire on the 3d of March. 1851. 

Howell Cobb, Georgia, Speaker. 



Maine. — 7. 
Fuller, Thomas J. D., Calais. 
Gerry, Elbridge, Waterford. 

Goodenow, Rnfus K., Paris. 
Littlefield, Nath, S., Bridgeton. 
Otis. John, Hallowell. 

Sawtelle, Cullen, Norridgewock. 
Stetson, Charles, Bangor. 

New Hampshire. — 4. 
Hibbard. Harry, Bath. 

Peaslee, Charles H., Concord. 
Tuck, Amos, (F. S.), Exeter. 
Geo W. Morrison, Manchester. 

Vermont. — 4. 
H<-bard. William, Chelsea. 

Henri/, William, Bellows Falls. 

Meacluim. James, Middlebury. 

Peck, Lucius B., Montpelier. 

Massachusetts — 10. (2 vacancies.) 
Allen, Charles, (F.S.), Worcester. 
Ashmun. George, Springfield. 

Duncan, James H, Haverhill. 
Eliot, Samuel A. 



Fowler, Oren, 
Grinnell, Joseph, 
Mann, Horace, 
Rockwell, Julius, 



Boston. 
Fall River. 
New Bedford. 
West N-wton. 
Pntsfield. 



Rhode Island. — 2. 
Dickson, Nathan F., Westerly. 
King, George G., Newport. 



Connecticut. — 4. 
Booth, Walter,(F. S.), Meriden. 
Butler, Thomas B., Norwalk. 
Cleveland. Chaun'v F., Hampton. 
Waldo, Lorenzo P., Tolland. 

New York. — 34. 



Alexander, H. P., 
Andrews, George R., 
Bennett, Henry, 
Bokee, David A., 
Briggs, George, 
Brooks, James, 
Burrows, lorenzo, 
Clarke, Charles E., 
Conger, Harmon S., 
Duer, William, 
Gott, Daniel, 
Gould, Herman D., 
Hal/oway, Ransom, 
Jackson, William T, 
King. John A., 
King. Preston. (F.S.) 
Matte-son, 0. B, 
McKissock, Thomas, 
Nelson, William, 
Phoenix, J. Phillips, 
Putnam, Harvey, 
Reynolds. Gideon 0., 
Risley, Elijah, 
Rose, Robert L., 
Rumsey, David, Jr., 
Sackett, William A., 



Little Falls. 

Ticonderoga. 

New Berlin. 

Biooklvn. 

New York. 

New York. 

Albion. 

Great Bend. 

Cortlandville. 

Oswego. 

Pompey. 

Delhi. 

Beekman, 

Havana. 

Jamaica. 

Oodensburg. 

Utiea. 

Newburg. 

Peekskill. 

New York. 

Attica. 

H or sick. 

Frcdonia. 

Allen's Hill. 

Bath. 

Seneca Falls. 



31 



358 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Scherme.rhorn, A. M. 
Schoolcraft, J. L., 
S padding. E. G-, 
Silvester,' P. H, 
Thurman, John R., 
Under hill, Walter, 
Walden. Hiram, 
White, Hugh, 



Rochester. 
Albany. 
Buffalo. _ 
Coxsackie. 
Chestertown. 
New York. 
Waldensville. 
Cohoes. 



New Jersey. — 5. 
Hay, Andrew K, Winslow. 
King, James G , Hohoken. 

Newell, William. A., Allentown. 
Van Dyke, John, NewBrunswick 

Wildrick, Isaac, Blairstown. 



Pennsylvania. — 24. 
Calvin, Samuel, 
Casey, Joseph, 
Chandler, Joseph R., 
Dickey, Jesse C, 
Dimmick, M. M, 
Freedley, John, 
Gilmore, Alfred, 
Hampton, Moses, 
Howe, John W.,(F.S., 
Levin, Lewis C, 
Mann, Job, 
McLanahan.JamesX. 
Moore, Henry D., 
Ogle, A. Jackson, 
Pitman, Charles W., 
Reed, R. R., 
Bobbins. John. Jr., 
Ross, Thomas, 
Stevens, Thaddevs, 
Strong, William, 
Thompson, James, 
Wilmot,David,(.FiS.,; 



(2 vacancies. ) 

Hollidaysburg. 

New Berlin. 

Philadelphia. 

New London. 

Stroudsburg. 

Norristown. 

Butler. 

Pittsburg. 
) Franklin. 

Philadelphia. 

Bedford. 
, Chambersburg 

Philadelphia. 

Somerset. 

Pottsville. 

Washington. 

Philadelphia. 

Doylestown. 

Lancaster. 

Reading. 

Erie. 
) Towanda. 



Delaware. — 1. 
Houston, John IV., Georgetown. 

Maryland. — 6. 
Bowie, Richard I., Rockville. 
Evans, Alexander, Elkton. 
Hamilton. William T., Hagerstown. 
Hammond,Kdw'd W., Ellicott's Mills. 
Kerr, John B, East on. 

McLane, Robert M., Baltimore. 

Virginia. — 15. 
Averett. Thomas H., Halifax. (CH.) 
Bayly, Thomas H. Accomac. " 
Beale, James M. H., Point Pleasant. 
Bocock, Tho's S., Appomattox (CH.) 
Edmundson, H. A., Salem. 
Haymond, Thomas S., Fairmount. 



| Holladay.Alexand.R 
j McDowell, James, 
M'Mullen, F., 
Meade, Richard K., 
Millson, John S., 
Morton, Jeremiah, 
Parker, Richard, 
Powell, Paulus, 
Seddon, James A., 



, Mansfield. 
Lexington. 
Hye Cove. 
Petersburg. 
Norfolk. 
Racoon Ford. 
Berryville. 
Amherst.(CH) 
Richmond. 



North Carolina. — 9. 
Ashe, William S., Wilmington. 
Caldwell, Jos. P., Statesville. 
C/ingman, Thomas L., A>heville. 



Daniel, J. R. J., 

Deberry, Edmund, 
Outlaw, David, 
Shepperd. A. H, 
Stanly, Edward, 
Venable, Abr. W. 



Halifax. 

Mount Gilead. 

Windsor. 

Salem. 

Washington. 

Brownsville. 



South Carolina. — 7. 
Burt, Armistead, Willington. 
Colcock, William F., Grahamville. 



Holmes, Isaac. E. 
McQueen, John, 
Orr, James L., 
Wallace. Daniel, 
Woodward, J. A. 



Charleston. 
Bennetsville. 
Anderson. (ch) 
Union (C. H) 
Winnsboro'. 



Georgia. — 8. 
Cobb, Howell, Athens. 

Hackett. Thomas C, Rome. 
Haralson, H. A.. La Grange. 
Jackson, Joseph W., Savannah. 
Owen, Allen F., Talbotton. 

Stejilwis. Alexander H, Crawfoiclsville. 
Toombs. Robert, Washington. 

Wellborn, M J., Columbus. 

Alabama. — 7. 
Alston, William J., Linden. 
Bowden. Francis W., Talladega. 
Cobb, William R. W., Bellefonte. 
Harris, Sampson H., Wetumpka. 
Hilliard. Hevry W., Montgomery. 
Hubbard. David, Kinlock. 

Inge, S. W., Livingston. 

Mississippi. — 4. 
Brown. Albert G. Gallatin. 
Featherston, W. H., Houston. 
McWillie, William, Camden. 
Thompson, Jacob, Oxford. 

Louisiana. — 4. 
Bullard, Henry A., 



Harmanson, J. H., Simmsport. 



UNITED STATES. 



359 



La Sere, Eniile, 
Morse, Isaac E., 

Arhan 
Johnson, R. W., 



Anderson, Josiah M., 
Ewing, Andrew, 
Gentry. Meredith P., 
Harris, Isham G, 
Johnson, Andrew, 
Jones, George W., 
Savage, John H , 
Stanton, Frederick P. 
Thomas, James H. 
Watidns, Albert G., 
Williams, Christo. H., 

Kentucky. - 
Boyd, Linn. 
Breck, Daniel, 
Caldwell, George A., 
Johnson, James L., 
Marshall. Humphrey, 
Mason, John C, 
McLean, F. E., 
Morehead, Charles S., 
Stanton. Richard H., 
Thompson, John B., 

Ohio. 
Cable, Joseph, 
Campbell, L.D.(F.S.,) 
Carter, David R., 
Corwin, Moses B., 
Crowell, John, {F. S.,) 
Disney, David T., 
Evans, Nathan, 
Giddings.JR.{F.S.,) 
Hoagland. Moses, 
fruiter, W.F.(F.S.,) 
Miller, John K, 
Morris, Jonathan D., 
Olds, Edson B.. 
Potter, Emerv D., 
Root, Joseph M.{F.S.) 
Schench, Rohert C, 
Sweetser, Charles, 
Taylor, John L.. 
~\ r niion, Samuel F., 
Whittlesey, W. A., 
Wood, Amos E., 



New Orleans. 
St Martinsville. 

— 1. 

Little Rock. 

— 11. 
Coop's Creek. 
Nashville. 
Franklin. 
Paris. 
Greenville. 
Fayetteville. 
Smithville. 

,-, Memphis. 

Columbia. 

PantherSprings 
., Lexington. 



Indiana. — 10. 



-10. 
Cadiz. 
Richmond. 
Columbia. 
Owensboro'. 
Drennon sLick 
wings ville. 
Elkton. 
Frankfort. 
Maysville. 
Harrodsbursr. 



21, 



Carroll ton. 
Hamilton. 
Massillon. 
Urbanna. 
Warren. 
Cincinnati. 
Cambridge. 
Jefferson. 
Millersburg. 
Woodsfield. 
Mount Vernon. 
Batavia. 
Circleville. 
Toledo. 
, Sandusky. 
Dayton. 
Delaware. 
Chillicothe. 
Gallipolis. 
Marietta. 
Woodville. 



Michigan.— 3. 
Bingham. K S., Kensington. 

Buel, Alex. W.. Detroit. 

Sprague, Wm.,(FS.,) Kalamazoo. 



Albertson, Nathaniel, 
Brown, William J., 
Dunham, Cyrus L., 
Fitch, Graham N., 
Gorman, Willis A, 
Harlan, Andrew J., 
JuliemGeo.W (F.S., 
McDonald, Joseph E 
McGaughey.Edw. W. 
Robinson, John L., 



Greenville. 

Amity. 

Salem. 

Logansport. 

Bloomington. 

Marion. 
) Centreville. 
. Crawfordsville. 
, Rockville. 

Rushville. 



Illinois. — 7. 
BaJcer, Edward D., Galena. 
Bissell, William H, Belleville. 
Harris, Thomas L., Petersburg. 
McClernand. J. A., Shawneetown. 
Richardson, Wm. A., Quincy. 
Wentworth, John, Chicago. 
Young, Timothy R., Marshall. 

Missouri. — 5. 
Bay, William V. N, Union. 
Bowlin, James B., St. Louis. 
Greene, James S., Canton. 
Hall, Willard P., St. Joseph. 
Phelps, John S., Springfield. 

Florida. — \. 
Cabell, Edward C, Tallahassee. 

Texas. — 2. 
Howard, Volney E., San Antonio. 
Kaufman, David S., Sabinetown. 

Iowa. — 2. 
Leffler, Shepherd, Burlington. 
Thompson, William, Mt. Pleasant. 

Wisconsin. — 3. 
Cole, Orsamus, Potosi. 

Doty, James D., Menasha. 
Durkee, Charles, Southport. 



California. 
Gilbert, Edward, — 
Wright, George H, — 



Delegates. — 2. 

Oregon Territory. — 1. 
Thurston, S. R., Linn City. 

Minesota Territory. — 1 . 
Sibley, Henry H., Mendota. 



360 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

SUPREME COURT. 

Roger B. Taney, Maryland, Chief Justice, appointed 1836. 
Salary, $5,000. 

Associate Judges. Salary, $4,500. 

Appointed. Appointed. 



John Catron, Tennessee, 1837 

Peter V. Daniel, Virginia, 1841 

Samuel Nelson, New York, 1845 

Robert C. Grier, Penn., 1846 



Levi Woodbury, N. H., 1845 

John McLean, Ohio, 1829 

James M. Wayne, Georgia, 1835 
John M'Kinley, Kentucky, 1837 

Benjamin C. Howard, Baltimore, Md., Reporter of Decisions. 
William T. Carroll, Washington, D. C, Clerk of the Court. 

The Supreme Court is held in the City of Washington, and has one 
Session annually, commencing on the 1st Monday in December. 

« 

ministers and commissioners abroad. 

Ministers Plenipotentiary. Salary, $9,000. Outfit, $9,000. 

Where Stationed. 

Abbott Lawrence, Massachusetts, London, Great Britain. 

Wm. C. Rives, Virginia, Pans, France. 

Neill S. Brown, Tennessee, St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Daniel D. Barnard, New York, Berlin, Prussia. 

Daniel M. Barrenger, North Carolina, Madrid, Spain. 

David Tod, Ohio, Rio de Janerlo, Brazil. 

Robert P. Letcher, Kentucky, Mexico, Mexico. 

Bailie Peyton, Louisiana, Chill, Santiago. 

Commissioners. 
John W. Davis, Indiana, China, Salary, $5,000 

Luther Severance, Maine, Sandwich Isles, 3,000 

Foreign Consuls and Vice-Consuls, residing in Boston.* 

Henry G. Andrews, Greece; Seth Bryant, Ecuador ; B. H. Dixon, 
Massachusetts, Maine, N. Hampshire, and Rhode Island, Netherlands ; 
Archibald Foster, (Vice-), Mass., N. Hampshire, and Maine, Brazil; 
Geo. F. Guild, Peru ; E. A. Grattan, Great Britain; Wm. Elliott, 
(Vice-), Great Britain ; F. A. Hi rsch, Prussia ; Fitzhenry Homer, 
Argentine Republic ; M. Isnard, France ; J. W. Langdon, Austria ; 
C. H. F. Moehring, Hamburg ; N. Reggio, for Sardinia, Rome, and the 
Two Sicilies ; R. B. Storer, Russia ; Geo. M. Thacher, Boston, 
Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, Denmark; 
E. S. Tobey, Uruguay ; Antonio G. Vega, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 
and New Hampshire, for Portugal and Spain ; S. G. Whitney, 
Venezuela ; Henry Winsor, Belgium ; Abr. Zipcy, Turkey. 

* For a complete list of Charges d' Affaires, Foreign Cnnsuls, etc., we would refer the 
reader to that most excellent work, " The American Almanac," published by Little &. 
Brown, Boston. 



UNITED STATES STATISTICS. 361 

UNITED STATES STATISTICS. 
ADVANCE OF POWER TO THE WEST. 

Dr. Patterson, of the Philadelphia Mint, has published some useful 
tables, which show the centre of representative population in the 
United States, at each census, from 1790 to 1840 inclusive. By these 
tables it appears, that — 

The centre of representative population, in 1790, was forty-six miles 
north, and east of Washington, in Baltimore county, Maryland. In 
1800, the centre was sixty-four miles north, and thirty west of 
Washington, in Adams county,Pennsylvania. In 1820, it was forty- 
seven miles north, and seventy-one west of Washington, in Morgan 
county, Virginia. In 1830, it was forty-three miles north, and 108 
west of Washington, in Hampshire county, Virginia. In 1840, it 
was thirty-six miles north, and 160 west of Washington, in Marion 
county, Virginia. 

By these calculations, the accuracy of which we see no reason to 
question, the representative power, in its rapid and accelerated 
movement westward, has for fifty years kept nearly the same parallel 
of latitude. In that time, it has moved ten miles south and 182 
miles westward, as follows : — 

From 1790 to 1800, 13 miles. 

1800 to 1810, 39 do. 

1810 to 1820, 41 do. 

1820 to 1830, 37 do. 

1830 to 1840, 52 do. 

The calculation is, that the census of 1850, now taken, will 
show the centre of representative population, in the State of Ohio. 

" A glance at the West, presents to view," says the Carrolton 
Economist, " a region comprising 2,725,000 square miles, now peopled 
with a population, exclusive of aborigines, of only ten millions, and ca- 
pable of sustaining 847,500,000, at the rate that England is populated. 
Such a number will be found upon it before the middle of the next 
century, according to the present rate of increase. Its mountains, 
valleys, lakes, and rivers, are on the grandest scale. Its natural fa- 
cilities for internal communication are great. The Missouri is 3,500 
miles in length, or more than twice as long as the Danube. The 
Ohio is 600 miles longer than the Rhine. Its lakes extend from east 
to west, over 15 1-2 degrees of longitude, covering an area of 93,000 
square miles, and draining a country of 400,000 square miles. The 
Mississippi and its tributaries alone afford a steamboat navigation of 
25,000 or 30,000 miles. Its inland commerce, in 1846, was $43 2,000- 
000, more than twice the foreign commerce of the country. The 
vast chains of railroads and dykes commenced, when completed, in- 
tersecting it in every direction, will enhance it. A more bountiful 
soil, giving richer remuneration to the cultivator, cannot be found 
on earth." 

31* 



S62 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

UNITED STATES COMMERCE. 

During the fiscal year ending June 80, there cleared from the 
United States 3,379 American vessels, tonnage 2,632,788; foreign 
vessels, 9,816, tonnage 1,728,214,— a decrease, from 1849, of 120,936 
in American tonnage, and an increase of 52,505 in foreign tonnage. 
Deducting 623 vessels, and 180,128 tonnage from California clear- 
ances, would show a farther decrease from 1849. Crews cleared in 
1850, men 180,774, boys 6,097 ; decrease from 1849, 9,183. 

The whole tonnage of the United States, on the 30th of June last, 
was 3,535,454—. There were built in the United States, for the 
year ending June 30, 1,360 vessels, with a tonnage of 272,218 54. 



CUSTOM-HOUSE OFFICERS, BOSTON & CHATILESTOWN. 

The Custom-house opens in the summer at 9 o'clock, A. M., and 
shuts at 2 o'clock, P. M. In the winter, it opens at 10 o'clock A. M., 
and shuts at 2 o'clock, P. M. On Saturday afternoon, it opens 
one hour for the clearance of coasters. — Custom-house, foot of State-st. 

Collector's Office. 
Phillip Greely, Jr., Collector. 
Wm. A. Wellman, Assistant Collector. 
Adams Bailey and Geo. W. M'Lellan, Deputy Collectors ; William 
Alline, Impost Clerk ; Samuel Andrews, Marine Clerk ; R. S. S. An- 
dros, Inward Warehouse Clerk; John E. Billings, Assistant Impost 
Clerk; Maturin M. Ballou, Assistant Bond and Statistical Clerk ; 
Henry M. Clark, Clerk of Correspondence / Henry D. Clary, 
Foreign Clearance Clerk ; Llewellin P. Davis. Export Bookkeeper ; 
Wm. H. Emery, Impost Bookkeeper ; E. L. Frothingham, Cashier; 
E. L. Frothingham, Jr., Cashiers Clerk ; Nathaniel Gale, Arranger of 
Papers ; Albert Hanscom, Assistant Cashier ; Chas. D. Lincoln, 
Foreign Entry Clerk ; Francis E. Moulton, Bond Accountant ; 
Thornton A. Merrick, Warehouse Bookkeeper ; Enoch Osgood, Out- 
ward Entry Clerk ; F. W. Prescott, Auditor's Clerk ; H. A. S. D. 
Payne, Warehouse Clerk ; J. Oakes Shaw, Assistant Coastwise Clerk ; 
William Peirce, Debenture Clerk; Geo. B. Wellman, Coastwise Clerk; 
Joseph W. Wright, Marine Abstract Clerk; Eli A. Yale, Miscellaneous 
Clerk ; Jesse M. Richards, Superintendent of Custom-house and Mes- 
senger ; Henry D. Todd, First Assistant Messenger ; Patrick Loan, 
Second Assistant Messenger ; T. B. Russell, Engineer. 

Naval Officers' Department. 
Charles Hudson, Naval Officer ; R. M. Gay, Deputy Naval Officer ; 
George H. Cutter, Naval Officer's Clerk ; N. D. Hyde, do. do. do. ; 



BOSTON CUSTOM-HOUSE. 363 

William Williams, Debenture Clerk ; A. J. Locke, William H. Bur- 
beck, Clerks. 

Surveyor's Office. 

Fletcher Webster, Surveyor ; Hugh Jameson, Deputy Surveyor ; 
William W. Parker, I. Laflin, Clerks ; Franklin Prince, Messenger. 

Weighers and Gaugers. 

L. M. Barker, James H. Berrett, Charles K. Bingham, Horatio N. 
Crane, Wm. G-. Eaton, F. R. Gourgas, Luther Hamilton, Joshua H. 
Hayward, Andrew J. Loud, Charles Stephens, Thomas M. Venson, 
Samuel Walker, A. H. Ward. 

Measurers of Salt and Coal. 

Samuel C. Allen, L. H. Chandler, Geo. Dennett, Sam'l Robinson, 
Hosea llsley ; Chas. Russell, John Sargent, E. M. Wright. 

Public Store Department. 

[U. S. Warehouses are located on Long and Union Wharves.] 
Thomas J. Marsh, Public Storekeeper ; J. C. Brown, Clerk in 
Public Store ; Frederic Colburn, Nicholas Broughton, George Wood- 
man, Assistant Storekeepers ; Geo. P. Burnham, 2d Clerk and 
Messenger; Timothy P. Dix, 1st Clerk in Warehouse; J. M. Clen- 
nen, Storage Clerk ; Isaac N. Riddle, Clerk. 

Inspectors. 

John Atkins, Clark S. Bixby, James Bird, Ezra S. Brewster, Thos. 
Critchet, D. L. Callender, Thomas Cushing, S. W. Chandler, Cyrus 
Chase, Freeman L. Cnshman, Sarimel A. Cushing, Homer A. Cooke, 
T. A. Durivage, S. O. Dearborn, George Dickenson, James W. Davis, 
Francis A. Dana, Charles Edmunds, James G. Foster, Wm. S. Fisher, 
Joseph Harrington, Thomas Harrison, Thomas L. Hobart, John Kuhn, 
Robert Keith, James Kettell, John P. Lord, E. Adams, Henry K. 
May, Lemuel Mills, Timothy Munroe, Charles A. Mann, Isaac New- 
ton, H. R. Newcomb, Moses Plympton, Samuel II. Parker, Joseph 
Palmer, Joseph Pettee, George Russell, O. Josslyn, Alfred A. Rob- 
erts, H. W. Robinson, Robert Richardson, W. R. Stacy, Theod. Stan- 
wood, John D. Sanborn, John C. Tucker, Wm. Tuckerman, Albert 
G. Tenney, Samuel C. West, Henry J. Wilde, Thomas Whitmarsh, 
Arthur F. Wilmarth, Thomas Wentworth, Charles Walley ; Wm. A. 
Wellman, Inspector of Light-houses ; John K. Corbett, Deputy Col- 
lector and Inspector at Hingham ; Wm. B. Duggan, Inspector at 
Dorchester, Weymouth, and Quincy ; Henry J. Turner, Deputy Col- 
lector and Inspector at Cohasset. 



364 MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 

Night Inspectors. 

Wm. Alexander, W. H. Babson, John B. Harvey, Benj. C. Piper, 
Timo. Rich, Wm. Souther, George Blish, Simeon Dow, Frederick W. 
Hall, Lebbeus Leach, Theodore C. Leeds, Orrick Look, George P. 
Marston, Charles W. McLellan, Wm. B. Moffatt, Ebenezer S. Price, 
Thomas Richardson, Nathaniel B. Shaw, Chas. K. Sturges, Job 
Tower, Reuben Wheeler. 

Public Appraiser's Office. 
[Appraiser's Office, Custom House Block, Long Wharf.] 
C. J. F. Allen, Sam. J. Bridge, Public Appraisers : Charles Brad- 
ley, Samuel Eveleth, Assistant Appraisers ; Wm. Hardwick, Ap- 
praiser's Clerk ; J. B. Bridge, O. C. Wyman, Invoice Examiners ; 
Isaac Howe, Arranging Clerk ; Charles M. Kingsley, Joseph B. 
Frost, Jr., Out-Door Examiners ; Chas. D. Lincoln, C. W. Spofford, 
William. Allen, Examining Clerks ; Chas. H. Peirce, Special Ex- 
aminer of Drugs, J. T. Ripley, Clerk and Messenger. 

Custom-House Barge. 

James Kettell, Boarding Officer ; Anthony Cline, G. A. Frazer, 
George Homer, R. R. Harriott, M. L. Herborn, Bargemen. 



BOSTON POST-OPPICE. 

Geo. Wm. Gordon, Postmaster ; Edwin C. Bailey, Chief Clerk ; 
Edward S. Erving, Treasurer. 

The Post-Office is in the Merchants' Exchange, in State Street. 
From the first of April to the first of October, the office is open 
from 7 A. M. to 1\ P. M. From October to April, from 8 A.M. 
to 7i P. M. On Sundays, from 9 to 10 A. M. 

Tiie Penny-Po*t Department is under the superintendence of 
J. H Patterson. Letter Carriers' office, 24 Merchants' Exchange. 

Rates of Postage. 

%. Letters. — On a letter not exceeding one half an ounce in weight, 
and sent any distance not exceeding 300 miles, 5 cts. Over 300 
miles, 10 cts. For an additional weight of half an ounce, an addi- 
tional postage of 5 or 10 cts., according to the distance. Drop-letters, 
for delivery in same place, 2 cts. Letters in Great Britain and Ire- 
land, are rated by weight, the same as in the U. S. 

A penalty of ten dollars is imposed for addressing letters to dif- 
ferent persons in the same envelop or package, unless sent to 
foreign countries. 



POST-OFFICES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 365 

Newspapers. — Regular newspapers (meaning those sent from the 
office of publication, for any distance within the State, and for any 
distance out of the State not exceeding 100 miles, for each paper 
not exceeding one sheet in size, 1 ct. For any distance exceeding 
100 miles, (if out of the State,) \\ ct. Transient newspapers 
(meaning those not sent from the office of publication) are rated 
the same as regular newspapers, but the postage is in all cases to be 
prepaid. 

Handbills or Circular Letters, printed or lithographed, not ex- 
ceeding one sheet in size, 3 cts. each, to be prepaid. 

Pamphlets and Magazines. — Any pamphlet, magazine, or other 
matter, of every kind that is transmissible by mail, and has no written 
communication thereon, of one ounce or less, or for a newspaper 
exceeding 1,900 square inches of surface, 2-j cts. ; and for each 
additional ounce, or fractional excess over one half ounce, 1 ct. 

Departure of Steam Packets. 

The American Mail Steam Packets take their departure from 
New York for Liverpool twice a month. Postage on Foreign Letters 
same as if forwarded by British Steamers. 

British Mail Steam Packets. — These packets take their departure 
weekly from Boston or New York, alternately, except during the 
months of December, January, February and March, when they 
leave every fortnight. 

On the days upon which the steamers depart from this port, the 
foreign mail closes precisely at 10 A. M., and the office will be closed 
for one hour from that time, while the mail is in course of prepa- 
ration. 

On the day next before any day of the departure of a Steamer 
from New York, the foreign mail will be closed at this office at 4 
o'clock, P. M. 

U. S. Mail Steam Packets. — A line of U. S. Steam Packets runs 
between Charleston, S. C, and Havana, in the Island of Cuba — 
taking the mails for that Island. Also, between New York and 
Chagres, and between San Francisco and Panama, the two con- 
necting by a land-conveyance across the Isthmus, taking mails for 
Havana, for Chagres, for Panama, or any other South American port 
on the Pacific, for the Sandwich Islands, and for Oregon and California. 



POST-OFFICES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters 

Abington, Joshua L. Nash. 

East, Alonzo Chapin. 
South, Cyrus A. Dyer. 



Post-offices. Postmasters. 

Acton, Daniel Tuttle. 

West, Reuben Greene. 
Adams, G. A. Lapham. 



366 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Adams, North, Edw. R. Tinker. 
Adamsville, John Wilson. 

Agawam, Lyman Allen. 

Alford, M.R.Vandeusen. 

Amesbury, Daniel Blasdell. 

" West, S. Bayley. 
Amherst, S. C. Carter. 

North, H. Cutler. 
South, C. F. Hayward. 
Andover, Amos Abbott. 

North, J. Stephens, 2d. 

. . Ballard V.William Calder. 
Annisquam, W. W. Chard. 
Ashburnham, S. Barrett. 

Depot, John M. Frost. 
Ashley Falls, John Scovill. 
Ashland, W. W. Warren. 

Ashby, F. W. Wright. 

Ashfield, R. Cook. 

Assabet, Amory Maynard. 

Athol, Isaac Stevens. 

. . Depot, J. W. Hammond. 
Attleboro', Nathan C. Luther 

North, Ward D. Cotton. 
Auburn, E. M. Knowles. 

Baldwinsville, J. Davis, Jr. 
Bald Hill, Elias Cook. 

Bancroft, James N. Cross. 

Barnstable, R. Ainsworth. 

Barnstable, W. S. N. Rowland. 
Barre, Nahum F. Bryant 

Becket, Alex. Clark. 

North, David McElwain. 

. . West, Kendall Baird. 

Bedford, Thomas Stiles. 

Belchertown, H. A. Longley. 

Bellingham, Ellery Thayer. 

North, M. Z. Bullard. 

. . South, Paul Chilson. 
Bellvilleport, Jos. Jackman. 
Berkley, J. E. Hathaway. 

Berlin, R. S. Hastings. 

Bernardstown, Z. C. Newcomb. 

. . North, Alvin Howe. 
Beverly, Joseph D. Tuck. 

Beverly Farms, Josiah Obear, 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Billerica, John Baldwin, Jr. 

Blackstone, John Cady, 

. . North, Moses Kelly. 

Blanford, L. B. Shepard. 

. . North, G. C. Collester. 

Bolton, Abraham Holman. 

Bond's Village, Nathan D. Wight. 

Boston, G. W. Gordon. 

. . East, G. H. Plummer. 

Boston Corner, A. J. Vosburgh. 

Boxboro', Cephas Hartwell. 

Boxford, Wm. Lowe. 

. . West, I. W. Andrews. 
Boylston, E. B. Lamson. 

. . West, Barney Howe. 
Boylston Centre, J. B. Haywood. 

Bradford, Nathan Fletcher. 

Braggville, D. Hartshorn. 

Braintree, Oliver Perkins. 

South, J. Stoddard. 

Brewster, Dean Bangs. 

. . West, Nathan Winslow. 

. . East, G. W. Higgins. 

Bridgewater, M. Keith. 

. . North, E. Southworth,Jr. 

. . East, H. O. A. Orr. 

. . N. W., Levi French. 

. . West, C. Williams. 

Brighton, Wm. Warren. 

Brimfield, Henry F. Brown. 

Brookfield, J.P.Robinson. 

East, Charles Flags:. 

North, Wm. Adams. 

. . West, S. D. Stoddard. 

Brookline, Jas. M. Seaman. 

Buckland, E. Maynard. 

Burlington, Silas Cutler. 

Byfield, Martin Root. 

Chicopee, Lorn. A. Moody. 
Chicopee Falls, Lester Dickinson. 

Cambridge, Nathan Fiske. 

. . East, Eli C. Kinsley. 

. . West, E. R. Prescott. 
Cambridgeport, Henry Thayer. 

Campello, Nelson J. Ross. 
Canton, Caleb S. Taft. 



POST-OFFICES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



367 



Post-Offices. Postmasters 

Carlisle, Lucius Stiles. 

Carver, E. Ward. 

. . North, Alvan C Harlow. 

. . South, T. B. Griffith. 

Centreville, F. G. Kelley. 

Charlemont, H. H. Mayhew. 

Charlestown, Nathan Merrill. 

Charlton, A. E. Fisk. 

. . Depot, H. W. Knights. 

Chatham, Joseph Mayo. 

. . North, J. Nickerson, Jr. 

Chelmsford, E. F. Webster. 

North, Ziba Gay, Jr. 

. . West, F. T. Sawyer. 

Chelsea, Sarah A. Nowell. 

. . North, William Fenno. 

Cheshire, R. C. Brown. 

Chester, T. K. De Wolf. 

. . North, E. G. Howe. 

. . Fact'ies, W. Shepard. 

. . Village, Lyman Dimock. 

Chesterfield, Oscar Edwards. 

West, James M. Angell. 

Chilmark, T. Allen, Jr. 

Chiltonville, G. Bramhall, Jr. 

Clappville, A. Firth, Jr. 

Clinton, H. N. Bigelow. 

Cochituate, C. R. Damon. 

Cochesett, Martyn Alyer. 

Cohasset, Z. Stoddard. 

. . North, S. J. Beal. 

Colerain, Wm. Lanfair. 

Collins' Depot, Warren Collins. 

Concord, Albert Stacy. 

Conway, Anson Shepherd. 

Cordaville, Curtis Wood. 

Cotuit, Phineas Fisk. 

Cotuit Port, Randall Kelley. 

Cummington, Wm. Swan. 

. . West Yil.,E. Mitchell. 

Curtisville, Henry M Burrill. 

Dalton, F. Weston. 

Danvers, S. Dodge. 

. . North, L. Merrill. 

Dana, N. L. Johnson. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Dartmouth, Charles Tucker. 

. . North, J. Cummings. 

South, Abner R. Tucker. 

Dedham, E. Thayer. 

. . West, Theo. Gay, 2d. 

South, Ebenezer F. Gay. 

Deerfield, Charles Williams. 

South, H. S. Cowing. 

Dennis, N. Y. Hall. 

. . South, Watson Baker. 

East, L. Howes, Jr. 

. . West, Luther Child. 

Dighton, Charles Talbot. 

North, John Rose. 

Dorchester, R. Vose. 

. . Harr. Sq., Abraham Noyes. 

Dover, R. Sanger. 

Douglas, David Holman. 

. . East, C. D. Rice. 

Dracut, J. M. G. Parker. 

Dudley, M. Barnes. 

Dunstable, J. Cummings. 

Duxbury, Z. Faunce. 

. . West, G. B. Standish. 
E. Charlemont, Horace Wells. 

Eastham, Geo. Seabury. 



East Lee, 
Easton, 



Wm. P. Hamblin. 
T. F. Davidson. 



. . . North, A. O. Howard. 

South, L. S. Green leaf. 

Easthampton, Eben. Ferrey. 

Edgartown, Jared W. Coffin. 

Egremont, S., N. R. Bates. 

. . North, S. B. Dewey. 

Enfield, O. Bryant. 

Erving, F. Alexander. 

Essex, Enoch Low, 

Fairhaven, Chas. Drew. 

. . North, Cyrus E. Clark. 

Fall River. James Ford. 

Farnumsville, L. Rawson. 

Falmouth, Obed Goodspeed. 

East, J. Robinson. 

. . North, Ferd. G. Nye. 



368 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Post Offices. Postmasters. 

Falmouth,West,S. Dillingham. 
Feeding Hills, Lorin Palmer. 
Feltonsville, G. E. Manson. 
Fiskedale, Avery P. Taylor. 

Fitchburg, Nath'l Wood. 

YVest, L. C. Sanborn. 
Florida, Nathan White. 

Forge Village, Luther Prescott. 
Foxboro', David Hersey. 

. . East, J. Kingsbury. 
West, Henry Hobart. 
Framingham, Samuel Warren. 

South, S. O. Daniels. 
Franklin, David P. Baker. 

. . City, S. B. Scott. 

South, J. H. Wadsworth. 
Freetown, J. Shove. 

Gardner, Levi Heywood. 

. . South, S. S. Howe- 
Georgetown, J. P. Stiekney. 
Gill, J. W. Canning. 

Gloucester, S. S. Lancaster. 
Goshen, H. Williams. 

Grafton, C. A. Pierce. 

Granby, N. P. Kellogg. 

Granville, East, J. Cooley. 

West,A. L. Curtiss. 
Griswoldville, Rodolphus White. 
Grout's Corner, H. Stevens. 
Groveland, Jerh. Spofford. 

Gt. Barrington, Isaac Seeley, Jr. 
Greenfield, D. N. Carpenter. 
Greenwich, Thomas Smith. 
Village, Ira Haskell. 



Groton, 

South, 
Hadley, 

. . North, 
Halifax, 
Hamilton, 
Hancock, 
Hanover, 
Hanson, 



Geo. H. Brown. 
A. B. Gardner. 
E. E. Hay ward. 
D. S. Cooley. 
Cyrus Morton, Jr. 
Geo. Appleton. 
W H. Lapham. 
S. Josselyn. 
Cvrus Drew. 



Hanson, South, Barak Osborn. 
Hardwick, A. C. Knight. 

Hartsville, Edwin Pixley. 



Post-Offices. 

Harvard, 

Harwich, 

. . East, 
. . South, 

. . West, 
Hatfield, 
Haverhill, 

East, 
Hawley, 

South, 
. . West, 
Haydenville, 
Heath, 
Hingham, 

South, 
Hinsdale, 
Holden, 
Holland, 
Holliston, 
Holmes' Hole, 
Holyoke, 
Hopkinton, 

. . Woodv'l, 
Housatonic, 
Hubbardston, 
Hull, 
Hyannis, 

. . Port, 
Ipswich, 
Ireland, 
Kingston, 
Lancaster, 
Lanesboro', 
Lawrence, 
Lee, 

. . South, 
Leicester, 
Leeds, 
Lenox, 

. . Furnace, 
Leominster, 
Leverett, 

. . North, 
Leyden, 
Lexington, 

. . East, 



Postmasters. 

Z. Wetherbee. 
Obed Brooks. 

B. F. Eldridge. 
J. P Nickerson. 
David H. Small. 
P. Stacy. 
Caleb Hersey, 

S. D. Maynard. 

C. S. Longley. 
Nelson Joy. 
T. S. Allen. 
E. H. Hyde. 

B. F. Cooledge. 
R. W. Lincoln. 
Seth S. Hersey. 
M. Emmons. 
Avery Davis. 
Elisha Kinney. 
Luther Green. 
Geo. Dunham. 
George Whittle. 
L. P. Coburn. 
Albert Wood. 
James C. Hyde. 
John Phelps. 
Joseph Pope. 

A. W. Lovell. 
Daniel Bassett. 
S. Coburn. 
Chester Crafts. 
H. L. Collamore. 
H. Barrett, 
R. Whitney, 
N. Wilson. 
Geo. H. Phelps. 
W. G. Merrill. 
H. D. Hatch. 
Thos. Musgrave. 
George Wells. 
W. A. Phelps. 

C. II Colburn. 
Francis Frary. 
Win A. Hatch. 
John Mowry. 
John Davis. 
Amos Adams. 



POST-OFFICES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



369 



Post-Officeg. Postmasters. 

Lincoln, . Rufus Morse. 

Littleton, Benj. Edwards. 
Lock's Village, Eli Ames. 

Longmeadow, Wm. White. 

East, H. J. Crooks. 

Long Plain, C. F. Thatcher. 

Lowell, Alfred Gilman. 

Ludlow, Jerre Miller, 

Lunenburg, O. Ambercrombie. 

Lynnfield, C. Spinney. 

Lynn, Abner Austin. 
Lynnfield,Cent.G. F. Whittredge. 



Benj. G. Hill. 

S. J. C. Bartlett. 

W. B. Bates. 

Geo. F. Allen. 

Samuel Homan. 

C. M. Howe. 

P. Bourne. 

Elisha W. Hall. 
. . North, Constant Oakman. 
Marston's Mills, N. Hinckley. 
Mattapoiset, W. Barstow. 

Charles Onion. 

J. T.Floyd, Jr. 

C. Patridge. 

G. H. Holbrook. 

D. A. Cheever. 

G. W. Barrett. 

J. G. Metcalf. 
John Low. 

Jacob B. Shaw. 

N. Eddy. 

M. Robinson. 

C. R. Smith. 

Solomon Root. 

Amos Bacheldor. 
Middlesex Vill., Fred. S. Geer. 
Millbury, A. G. Randall. 

. . West, F. H. Holman. 
Milford, Wm. Crocker. 

Milford, South, S. W. Gilbert, Jr. 
Mill River, Daniel Adams. 

Millville, P. S. Thayer. 

Milton, N. C. Martin. 

Mirrickville, William Simms. 



Maiden, 
Manchaug, 
Mansfield, 
Manchester, 
Marblehead, 
Marlboro', 
Marshfield, 
. . East, 



Medfield, 

Medford, 

Med way, 
. . East, 
. . West, 

Melrose, 

Mendon, 

Methuen, 

Middleboro', 
. . East, 
. . North, 
South, 

Middlefield, 

Middleton, 



Post-Offices. 
Monroe, 
Monson, 
Montague, 

Canal, 
Monterey, 
Montgomery, 
Monument, 
Nahant, 
Nantucket, 
Natick, 

South, 
Needham, 



Postmasters. 

Martin Ballou. 
T. F. Packard. 
J. Hartwell. 
Benj. Henry. 
W. C. Langdon. 
Oren Parks. 
Ellis M. Swift. 
W. W. Johnson. 
Joseph Mitchell. 
J. M. Seaward. 
John Cieland, Jr. 
G. B. Revere. 



Needham, West, William Flagg. 
Neponset Vil., O. P. Bacon. 
New Ashford, James Dewey. 
New Bedford, Simeon Bailey. 
New Boston, J. H. Norton. 
New Braintree, Dwight Tyler. 
Newburyport, F. J. Coffin. 
N. EnglandVil. S. M. Pratt. 
N. Marlboro', F. C. Catlin. 



New Mills, William Alley. 
New Salem, A. Harding, Jr. 
. . N., W. Whittemore. 
Newton, J. N. Bacon. 

Centre, W. H. Grover. 
. . L. Falls,Walter Hager. 
U. Falls,James Taylor. 
West, John Mead. 
Northbridge, S. Holbrook. 

. . Centre, Wm. B. Fuller. 
Northboro', Anson Rice. 
Northfield, Chas. Mattoon. 

West, Levi Howe. 
Northampton, Augustus Clarke. 
Norton, Earl Hodges. 

Norwich, W. Knight. 

Oakham, Jas. K. Hervey. 

Oakdale, Etheridge Clark. 

Orange, Davis Goddard. 

. . North, H. Baker. 
Orleans, Betsy D. Knowles. 

South, S. Sparrow, 3d. 
East, Freeman Doane. 
Osterville, Josiah Crocker. 

Otis, Lester Filley. 

32 



370 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Otis, West, Ardon Judd. 

Oxford, W. E. Pease. 

. . North, A. Lamed. 

Palmer, Wm, Holbrook. 
Palmer, Three R., A. Shumway. 

Pax ton, S. D. Harrington. 

Pelham, C. D. Eaton. 

Pembroke, H. Collamore, 

Pepperell, E. A. Parker. 

. . East, J. A. Tucker. 

Peru, Oliver Nash. 

Petersham, S. Wetherell. 

Phillips ton, Jason Goulding. 

Pittsfield, ?. Allen, Jr. 

. . West, W. T. Lane. 

Plainfield, L. Campbell. 

Plymouth, E. Spooner. 

Plympton, Isaac Wright. 

. . North, Z. Cushman. 
Pocassett, 
Prescott, 



H. Perry. 

Stacy Linzie. 



Prineeton, G. F. Folger. 

. . East, H. V. Pratt. 

Provineetown, Philip Cook. 

Quincy, W. B. Bugbee. 

Randolph, R. W. Turner. 

. . East, E. W. Lincoln. 

Reading, J. P. Sherman. 

North, Frederick Abbott 

South, Lilley Eaton. 

Rehoboth, J. C. Marvel. 

North, Gren. Stevens. 

Richmond, E. Williams. 
Rockport, George Lane. 

Rochester, Theoph. King. 

. . North, I. T. Nickerson. 

Rock, Israel Smith. 

Rockville, Eliab B. Blake. 

Rockbottom, George F. Rice. 

Rocky Valley, R. W. Ludington. 

Rowe, J. C. Drury. 

Rowley, O. Blackington. 
Roxbury, Edwin Lemist. 

. . West, Wm. S. Keith, 

. . J. Plain, J. P. George. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Royalston, J. Estabrook. 

. . South, H. W. Albe. 

Russell, Roland Parks. 

Rutland, Z. W. Gates. 

. . West, W. H. Sibley. 

Salem, George Russell. 

Salisbury, B. E. Fifield. 

East, Cyrus Dearborn. 

Sandisfield, George Hull. 

Sandwich, Z. R. Hinckley. 

East, J. Hoxie, 3d. 
North, Charles Bourne. 

. . South, S. C. Howland. 

. . West, C. H. Burgess. 
Saugus, George Newhalr. 

Savoy, Calvin Bowker. 

Saxonville, Charles Fiske. 

Scituate, John Beal. 

. . North, Anthony Gray. 

. South, E. T. Fogg. 

. . West, Z. Cushing. 

Scotland, Geo. Chipman. 

Seekonk, William Ide. 

South, Nathan Monroe. 

Sharon, Calvin Turner. 

. . East, Warren Cobb. 

Shelburne, Walter Wells. 

. . East, H. M. Fisk. 

. . Falls, J. B. Bardwell. 

Sheffield, Bartlett Doten. 

. . East, E. S. Deming. 

Sherburne, Oliver Everett. 

Sheldon ville, James Arnold. 



Shirley, 



George Barrett. 



Village, Israel Longley. 
Shrewsbury, Osborn Stearns. 
South, L. J. Hemenway. 
Shutesbury, H. Hamilton. 
Sippican, W. N. Ellis. 

Smithville, John Smith. 

Somerset, E. Slade. 

Somerville, Dane A. Marrett. 
Southboro', Solomon Este. 
. . Cordaville, Curtis Wood. 
Southbridge, Francis P. Pratt. 



POST-OFFICES IN MASSACHUSETTS. 



371 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

South Hadley, Geo. L. Smith. 

Falls, Otis Goodman. 

Southampton, Jon. N. Judd. 

Southfield, Augustus Turner. 

Southwick, Heman Lafflin,Jr. 

Spencer, D. Bemis. 

North, Jonas Wilson. 

Springfield, William Stowe. 

West, P. L. B. Stickney. 

Squawbetty, B. B. Taylor. 

Sterling, S. Houghton. 

. . West, J. N. Tolman. 

Stockbridge, N. A. Waters. 

; . West, C. H. Woodruff. 

. . W. Cen. O. Edwards. 

Stoneham, John Hill, Jr. 

Stoughton, Lemuel Gay. 

. . East, Clifford Keith. 

Stow, W. Robinson. 

Sturbridge, George Davis. 

Sudbury, S. D. Hunt. 

. . . North, S. C. Pratt. 

Sunderland, Wm. Delano. 

Sutton, H. D. Howard. 

Mills, Laban Sawyer. 

West, A. R. Holman. 

Swampscot, W. Thompson. 

Swansea, John A. Wood. 

Swansea, N., M. Barney. 

Taunton, Wm. Brewster. 

Tapleyville, G. W. French. 

Templeton, A. J. Lincoln. 

Tewksbury, H. E. Preston. 

. . North, Leon. Huntress. 

Three Rivers, Asa Shumway. 

Thorndike, J. B. Merrick. 

Tolland, Roger Harrison. 

Topsfield, B. P. Adams. 

Townsend, John Brooks. 

. . Harbor, O. White omb. 

. . West, Silas Bruce. 

Truro, Josiah Wilder. 

North, John Grozer. 

Tyngsboro', Samuel Elliott. 

Tyringham, S. Fargo, Jr. 

Upton, D. B. Fisk. 



Post-Offices. 



Postmasters. 



Uxbridge, I. R. Murphy. 

VanDeu8enville,John H. Coning. 
Vue de l'Eau, J. Gardner. 
Wales, J. C. Royce. 

Walpole, E. W. Clapp. 

. . East, Francis W. Bird. 

. . South, T. Clark. 
Waltham, Armory Moore. 

Ware, A. Sanford. 

Wareham, Abisha Barrows. 

. . West, J. R. Sproat. 

. . East, Albert Ellis. 
Waquoit, Asa Phinney. 

Warwick, William Cobb. 

Warren, Wm. H. Sessions. 

Watertown, Benjamin Dana. 
Wayland, Newell Heard. 

Washington, F. W. Manly. 
Webster, Chester Clemens. 

Wellfleet, John W. Davis. 

. . South, S. A. Hatch. 
Wendell Depot, Wm. Putnam. 
Wendell, Otis Chittenden. 

Wenham, J. A. Putnam. 

Westboro', J. A. Fayerweather. 
West Boylston, Barney Howe. 
W.Bridgewater,Calvin Williams. 
Wes.thampton, John A. Judd. 
Westminster, J. Whitman. 
West Newbury ,J. C. Carr. 
Westfield, Henry B. Smith. 

Westford, S. D. Fletcher. 

Weston, Abm. Hewes. 

Westport, S. Howland. 

South, F. Brownell. 

. . Point, A. H. Corey. 
West Tisbury, Willard Luce. 
Weymouth, Asa B. Wales. 

. . East, A. Humphrey. 
South, Joseph Dyer. 

. . North, Elisha Pratt. 
Whately, S. Lesure. 

East, Josiah Allis. 
Whitinsville, Paul Whitin. 
Wilbraham, Roderick Burt. 
. . South, W. P. Spellman. 



372 



MASSACHUSETTS STATE RECORD. 



Post-Offices. Postmasters. 

Wilbraham,Collins'Dp.W. Collins. 

Williamsburg, J. H. Metcalf. 

Willianiansett, C. Pendleton. 

Williamstown, Isaac Latham. 

. . South, S. L. Allen. 
Wilkinsonsville, L. F. Woodbury. 

Wilmington, W. H. Carter. 

Winchendon, Edw. S. Merrill. 

Winchester, Alvin Taylor. 

Windsor, Chapin Converse. 

Woburn, W. Woodbury. 

Wood's Hole, B. B. Webster. 



I Post-Offices. 

! Woodville, 
I Worcester, 
i Worthington, 
. . West, 
| Wrentham, 
. . North, 
. . South, 
. . West, 
Yarmouth, 
. . Port, 
. . West, 
South, 



Postmasters. 

Albert Wood. 
E. W. Lincoln. 
William Ward. 
Russell Bartlet. 
C.W. Farrington. 

A. L. Ware. 

B. N. Shepard. 
P. P. Cook. 
Chas. Thacher. 
Nathan Hallet. 
S. Crowell. 

D. K. Aiken. 



We are indebted to Chauncey Smith, Esq., of Vermont, " Bond 
and Register Clerk " of the Post-Office Department, Washington, 
D. ft, for a list of Post-Offices in Mass., corrected to Dec. 15, 1850. 



Erratum. — On page 158, 6th line from the bottom, for " Andover, 
Mass.— Founded 1707," read " Founded 1807." 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CROSBY & NICHOLS, 

BOOKSELLERS, PUBLISHERS, 

AND GENERAL AGENTS FOR 

All mmOTiGkll AMMWM & EGSBIGff, 

111 WASHINGTON ST., BOSTON. 



C. & N. ARE PUBLISHERS OF 

in anBisgiAH bxahibbb. 

Edited by Rev. George Putnam, D. D. and Rev. George E. Ellis. 

Also of THE LIFE OF WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING, D. D.; Humboldt's Re- 
ligious Thoughts ; Livermore's Prize Essay on the Mexican War ; Mountford's Euthanasy, 
Martyria, &c; The Young Maiden ; The Marriage Offering ; The Fireside, or Home Edu- 
cation 5 Self-Formation ; "Mrs. TuthilFs Juveniles ; Christian Hymns, and Hymns for the 
Sanctuary, &c. &c. 

CROSBY & NICHOLS ARE AGENTS FOR 
Scott's Republication of the Foreign Quarterly Reviews, and Blackwood ; Hunt's Mer- 
chants' Magazine •, The Bankers' Magazine, The Western Journal ; The Knickerbocker ; 
Eclectic Magazine ; Biblical Repository •, Bibliotheca Sacra ; American Journal Medical 
Sciences ; British and Foreign Medico-Chirurgical Review, <fcc. 

CLUBS AND SOCIETIES SUPPLIED AT A DISCOUNT. 

ROBERT S. DAVIS & CO. 

PUBLISHERS, BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS, 

No. 120, WASHINGTON ST., BOSTON. 

Constantly for sale a large assortment of Text Books used in the Common Schools, 
Academies, and Colleges in New England, together with a variety of Books in the various 
departments of Literature and Science. Also, Stationery, including Paper, Steel Pens, 
Ink, Blank Account Books, of all sizes and qualities, «fcc. 

R. S. D. & CO. publish the following valuable and popular SCHOOL BOOKS, which 
are extensively used throughout the United States, viz.: 

GREENLEAF'S MENTAL ARITHMETIC upon the Inductive Plan; Designed for 
Beginners. Fifty-fifth Edition, revised and enlarged. 

GREENLEAF'S INTRODUCTION TO THE NATIONAL ARITHMETIC, OR 
COMMON SCHOOL ARITHMETIC. New Stereotype Edition, with additions and 
improvements, 324 pp. 12mo. Handsomely printed and bound. 

GREENLEAF'S NATIONAL ARITHMETIC, designed for Common Schools and 
Acudemies. New Stereotype Edition, revised, enlarged, and much improved ; from the 
thirty-fifth edition. 360 pp. 12mo. 

GREENLEAF'S COMPLETE KEYS, to the Introduction, and the National Arithme- 
tic, fully exhibiting the operation of ihe Questions in those Works. New Stereotype 
Editions enlarged. I2mo. cloth, morocco backs. 

GREENLEAF'S PRACTICAL ALGEBRA, intended for Academies and High Schools, 
and also for advanced students in Common Schools. (Preparing, and will be soon publish- 
ed, comprised in a volume about the size of the National Arithmetic.) 

THE NATIONAL SPEAKER, containing Exercises, original and selected, in prose, 
poetry, and dialogue, for declamation and recitation ; and an elocutionary analysis, exhib- 
iting a clear explanation of principles, with rules for each element of oral expression, prac- 
tically illustrated in a systematic course of lessons. By Henry B. Maglathlin, A. M. 
Eighth Edition, 12mo. pp. 324. Handsomely printed and bound. 

PARKER'S PROGRESSIVE EXERCISES IN ENGLISH COMPOSITION. New 
Stereotype Edition, revised, enlarged, and improved, from the fifty-fifth edition. 144 pp. 
12mo. morocco back. A text book in all the Academies in the United States. 

(0» School Committees, Teachers, Booksellers, and Country Merchants supplied at the 
lowest cash prices. All orders promptly and faithfully attended to. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JAMES BOYD & SONS, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 

SADDLERY WAREHOUSE, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

No. 27, Merchants' Row, 
PREMIUM MERCANTILE PENMANSHIP. 

MERCANTILE BOOMS, ESTABLISHED 1839, 
B. W. & D. W. FOSTER, 

FORMERLY FRENCH & FOSTER, 

109, WASHINGTON STEEET, 

Are open Day and Evening for the reception of Students in 

WRITING, BOOK-KEEPING, 

And the General Duties of the COUNTING-HOUSE. 

The advantage of receiving instruction from original transactions of business, gives to 
the learner an opportunity of obtaining a COMPLETE KNOWLEDGE OF ACCOUNTS, 

plain & ©rnamental Writing matted 

SB(Q)<Q)0 PflDSTPEID, 

COMPLICATED ACCOUNTS ADJUSTED. 

N. B. Book-keeping taught with and without the Journal. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



39lattK fSooft $c Stationers aKStarcDottse, 

7 & 9, WATER, & 81, DEVONSHIRE STS. 



J. & W. McADAMS, 

MANUFACTURERS OF PATENT PAGED AND HEADED 

LETTER COPYING & ACCOUNT BOOKS, 

Made of the best Paper, and bound in the most thorough manner. 

O* The above Books are paged and headed with Dr. and Cr. etc. with beautiful Script 
Type, by a Machine of our own invention — the only one in the country — and are 
sold as low as books that are not paged. 

DEALERS IN 

Foreign and Domestic Stationery, Letter, Writing, and Wrapping 
Papers, Gold and Steel Pens, &c. 

BANK, BLANK, CHECK, AND MEMORANDUM BOOKS. 

ACCOUNT BOOKS 

Made to order and paged for Cities and Towns, Banks, Railroads, Insurance and other 
Companies. 

TAPES EXILED AND PAGED TO ANY PATTERN; CARDS, CERTIFICATES, 
BILL-HEADS, &c, PRINTED IN ANY STYLE DESIRED. 

J. & W. McADAMS, 

7 & 9, Water, & 31, Devonshire streets. 

MM MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. 



DIRECTORS 



DAVID HENSHAW, Boston, 
EZRA WHITE, New York. 
DANIEL SHARP, Jr., Boston, 
CLEMENT JEWETT, Boston, 
GEORGE C. COLLINS, New York. 
ELISHA B. PRATT, Boston. 



JOHN D. LANG, Maine, 
CHARLES JONES, Maine, 
JOSEPH H. WILLIAMS, Maine. 
GEORGE DUDLEY, Connecticut. 
HORATIO HARRIS, Boston. 
WALTER HASTINGS, Boston. 



FRANKLIN HAVEN. | 



BOARD OF FINANCE. 

REUEL WILLIAMS, Me. | THOMAS THACHER. 




MEDICAL EXAMINER. 
JOHN CAULDWELL SHARP, M. D. 

E. B. PRATT, President. 
DANIEL SHARP, Jb. Vice President. 

HENRY CROCKER, Secretary. 

Capital and Accumulations, 

200,000 Dollars, 

CONSTANTLY INCREASING. 
DIRECTORS' OFFICE 

68, STATE ST., opposite KUBY ST., BOSTON. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CIRCULAR 

FROM THE OFFICE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN 

ELECTRIC WASHING FLUID, 

MOORE, COLLINS & CO., Proprietors, 

No. 67, ANN STKEET, BOSTON. 

The necessities of mankind have, in all ages, introduced inventions to meet them ; and 
in no age, has there been such a multiplicity of new inventions, as in this present age of 
steam and electricity. Almost every article in use has been improved to a wonderful ex- 
tent, and thousands of new creations. But in no particular department has the success 
been so limited, or in fact we may say, so near a total failure, as that of washing clothing. 
Machines of various descriptions have been modelled, built, tried, and thrown aside, as in- 
efficient, and entirely useless ; countless thousands of dollars have been expended and lost 
in this way. But recently the subject has been agitated to a very great extent, and the 
numerous host of inventors seem, like the chrysalis, to have changed themselves, and sud- 
denly to have forsaken the machine shop, and boldly to have entered the laboratory — from 
the button-eyed Chinaman to the smoking Dutchman ; from the doctors of the water-cure 
school to the doctors of the nameless tribes of Indians inhabiting the Rocky Mountains j 
all have joined to make Cochituate water, together with carbonic, sulphuric, and muriatic 
acids, and with lime, soda, camphene, burning fluid, and spirits of turpentine, articles in 
great demand. But chemists are familiar with the fact, and know full well that all acids 
are not only destructive to the lungs when inhaled, in vapor, but ultimately destroy the 
fabric as well as the colors of colored clothing, while from their caustic properties, many 
persons have nearly lost the use of their hands ; and likewise with regard to the spirits of 
turpentine, which is the basis of burning fluid, in many cases where weakly persons have 
inhaled its vapor, their immediate dissolution has been attributed to that cause alone. 
The washing for a time may be accelerated, but, not only the certainty of the ultimate 
destruction of the fabric, but the risk of losing health and life, should certainly make people 
extremely cautious with regard to using the thousands of miserable trash showered upon 
the market under the name of Washing Fluids. It must be evident to the most superficial 
observer, that no washing compound will be of any real use, unless alkalies of great power 
in their combination shall enter into its composition. 

An article of such properties has at length been discovered, that more than fully comes 
up to the mark, as thousands are ready to testify. This article is the 

North American Electric Washing Fluid, 

Manufactured by the sole Proprietors, MOORE, COLLINS & CO., No. 67, Ann Street. 

This article, while it unites such wonderful power that one gill of it, by the directions, 
will do a common washing in less than two hours, in the most satisfactory manner, with- 
out a washboard, doing away with two thirds of the labor, and nearly all the wear which 
clothing is subjected to by the common method of washing, and is harmless to be inhaled, 
in vapor, as the vapor of the tea or coffee pot, and contains no caustic properties, to act 
unpleasantly upon the hands ; and, with regard to colored clothing, it sets the colors, mak- 
ing them brighter, and flannels are less subject to shrink, consequently softer, and of the 
most brilliant whiteness. The Proprietors will forfeit one thousand dollars for every gill 
of this Fluid which shall fail to perform all that is promised with regard to it, where the 
directions, which are very simple, and accompanying each bottle, are followed. 

The public are cautioned with regard to many dealers, who, although they are obliged to 
keep this invaluable article, still, having a quantity of the before-mentioned worthless and 
dangerous trash on hand, and afraid that it will die there, urge it off upon their unsuspect- 
ing customers, in the most unprincipled and heartless manner, endangering human life 
for the trifling consideration of twenty-five cents. Others, with still less principle, if pos- 
sible, will purchase the abominable stuff, which has been run off the track in one place, 
because they can get it for almost nothing, offering no other apology than it will afford 
them a profit. Do not buy it of them ! If you value your health and life, buy none but 
the genuine North American Electric Washing Fluid. Upon each label is a cut, represent- 
ing a female holding a bottle of the Fluid, apparently delighted with its astonishing opera- 
tion ; each being signed by the proprietors, 

MOORE, COLLINS, & CO. 

P. S. — Persons who wish to be supplied with the above article, by barrels, demijohns, or 
boxes of dozens, are respectfully invited to order from the manufacturers, at Boston, or 
their agency, Nos. 64 and 66 Barclay street. New York, where they will receive immediate 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




PRACTICAL MANUFACTURER OF 



DESKS AND CHAIRS, 

FOR SGHOOIS. 



Second Size, " 


15 


u t 


Third Size, " 


14 


U I 


Fourth Size, " 


13 


" " 


Fifth Size, " 


12 


(« (( 


Sixth Size, " 


10 


a c( 


Seventh Size," 


9 


" " 



Having furnished the city with a great number of this article, and now being engaged in 
executing further contracts for the city schools, and for those in its vicinity, begs leave to 
ask your attention to the following graduation of sizes, adapted to pupils four years of age 
and upwards : 

First Size, height 16 inches, for Pupils from fourteen to seventeen years of age. 

" twelve to fourteen years of age. 
" ten to twelve years of age. 
',' eight to ten years of age. 
" six to eight years of age. 
K five to six years of age. 
" four to five years of age. 
Orders predicated upon this arrangement of sizes, will be sure to meet the wants, and to 
supply the deficiences long complained of in School Furniture. 

In the manufacture of DESKS and CHAIRS, Mr. R. has introduced all the improve- 
ments that time, practical observation of teachers and other scientific gentlemen, interested 
in the matter, have suggested ; consequently he has great confidence in appealing to School 
Committees, and all others that are or may be in want of this kind of Furniture, for their 
patronage, assuring them that their orders shall be faithfully and promptly executed ; 
moreover, he may observe, that by the aid of ingenious steam-power machinery, skilful 
workmen, and choice seasoned stock, he is enabled to execute the work more expeditiously, 
cheaper, and better than can be procured elsewhere. 

The legs of the Desk and Seat are Iron, of a classical design, firmly screwed on to the 
wood, and both articles then are to be permanently screwed to the floor. By a reference 
to the cut, their simplicity, strength, and adaptation to the purposes intended, is so obvious, 
that no further explanation seems requisite ; they have given entire satisfaction wherever 
they have been used. 

All communications in relation to CHAIRS, DESKS, TABLES, BOOK-CASES, or other 
Furniture for School Rooms, please to direct to JOSEPH L. ROSS, at his Manufactory, 
Corner of Ivers and Hawkins Streets, Boston ; at which place maybe seen the article, 
above named, in progress to completion. 

N. B. Particular attention will be given to the arrangement of the School Desks, with 
Seats, and for permanently fixing the same, when desired. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



EARL W. JOHNSON & CO., 

MERCHANT TAILORS, 

And Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

€lotl)0, €a0StmctC0 & (Sailors' ©rtmtmna.0. 

Also, a Large and Complete Assortment of 

ta^t^MM qua* mm 

and 

FURNISHING GOODS, 
29 & 30, Dock Square, and 39, Exchange Street, 



E. W. JOHNSON. ALBION PIPER. 

PERIODICAL DEPOT. 

FETmDGETcO. 

ypM$GXi % Imprto if dfttgliajr %mh, 

MW8 mi& 



Rankin's Abstract, 

British and Foreign Medical Reviews, 

Law Library, 

Democratic and Whig Reviews, 

London Lancet, 

London Newspapers. 



Harpers' Publications, 

Fowler & Wells' Phrenological Works. 

Hollick's Medical Works, 

Graham's, Godey's, & Sartain's Magazines," 1 

Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, 

The Foreign Reviews, and Blackwood. 

Braithwaite's Retrospect, 

Subscriptions received for all the above, and sent 
to Country and City. 

LIKEWISE ALL THE POPULAR MAGAZINES. 

AUTHORIZED AGENTS POR 

FETRIDOE & CO. 

15 State, & 132 Washington Streets. 






ADVERTISEMENTS. 



BROWN & LAWRENCE, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 

CLOTHING WAREHOUSE, 



IN THE ENTIRE BASEMENT OF THE 

i 

OLD STATE HOUSE, 
FROMIG STATE STREET BOSTON. 




Strangers and citizens generally are invited to call and examine the LARGEST STOCK 
OF FASHIONABLY MADE CLOTHING which can be found in the city, consisting of 
every variety of Garments, manufactured from Goods of the latest importations, and in 
the best and newest styles. 

We have also on hand a splendid assortment of 

<Hlotl)0, $3u£0kttt0, €o0simc«0 ft itattngo, 

FROM THE LATEST IMPORTATIONS. 

Every variety of Goods suitable for Gentlemen's wear, which will be 
made up to order 

II SIS MOSS SASBX0HA3SS SfY£S, 

And will be sold at prices as low as at 
ANT OTHER ESTABLISHMENT IN THE UNION. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




IIS 



> ^RIMONT *' 



0- 



eop^GBXT^e th:db MtrsEtrM, 

Dr. CUMMINGS has had twelve years experience in his profession, and still continues 
to devote his personal attention to all its branches, especially to Setting, Filling, Cleansing, 
and Extracting Teeth, and in all cases he is pledged to give entire satisfaction. 
For sale as above, 

Be. CCTIMINGS'S 

TOOTH Wiffl A mmTMFsm, 

Which received 
The Premium at the last Mechanics' Fair, as being free from all Acids, 

and superior to all others on exhibition. 
They remove and prevent most of the diseases of the mouth, For spongy and irritable 
Gums, and for Canker in the Mouth, they are a sure remedy ; at the same time always im- 
parting a peculiar sweetness to the breath. 

Premium. — Among the premiums of the late Mechanics Fair, no one was more justly 
deserved than that for the best Tooth Powder and Wash awarded to Dr. John A. Cum- 
mings, whose skill and enterprise in every department of his profession are unquestionable. 
We have used Dr. Cummings's Premium Wash and Powder, and do especially recommend 
their use to all our friends. — Transcript. 

Ma5sat\)usttls 0abbatl) 0cl)ool 0oaet», 
C. C. BEAN, Treasurer, 

No. 13, CORNHILL .... BOSTON. 

The publications of the Society, including Library Books, Question Books, Catechisms. 
Cards, &c, number nine hundred and fifty. The Society also issues one periodical, the 
Weil-Spring. A descriptive Catalogue of the above is furnished gratis at the Depository. 

JOHN P. JEWETT & CO. 

PUBLISHERS & BOOKSELLERS, 

No. 17 & 19, CORNHILL, BOSTON. 

Clergymen, School Committees, Teachers, and Country Traders, supplied with 
Books and Stationery, at the Lowest Bates. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JEHNIS@N'S PATENT DIAPHRAGM FILTER, 

FOR PURIFYING WATER AND OTHER LIQUIDS : 

A Portable Apparatus, which can he attached to Hydrants, Force Pumps, and 
Pipes conveying Water. 

jj ' _,y The production of this valuable invention is the result of two years' 

j S" experiment, by close application, and a large expenditure of Money, 

g fe n T"^ during which all the different mediums for Filtering have been test- 

^^^Ol ed by practical USE WITH THE CROTON WATER, and it is now 

B^a. presented to the Boston public, after having been three years in suc- 

_^SH^^ cessful operation in the city of New York — where it has been 

^B^S^p* awarded by the American Institute one SILVER and 

^^^* TWO GOLD MEDALS, 

^» and a DIPLOMA at the late Fair, as being the Best Croton Filter. 

Also a Silver Medal by the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. It is also 
highly recommended by the most eminent Physicians and Chemists of New York and 
Boston. Among the numerous testimonials received is the following from A. A. Hayes, 
Esq., Assayer to the State of Massachusetts : — 
Mr. Thacher Beal : 

Sir — After examining tbe construction and materials of the Patent Diaphragm Filter, 
and making experiments on its power of rendering turbid and colored water perfectly 
clear, I formed the opinion that it is a contrivance of high value and utility. It is con- 
structed in imitation of the great natural Filters of our Globe ; of permanent materials, 
wholly unobjectionable, and admirably adapted to that universality of application, called 
for by water under different pressures. 

I know of no application of the scientific principles of construction, so simple, and so 
deserving of general adoption, as the present. Respectfully, 

Roxbury Laboratory, Sept 13, 1847. A. A. Hayes, State Assayer. 

For Sale by the Plumbers and Dealers in Water Fixtures generally. 

THACHER BEAL, 451 Washington Street, 

Proprietor for the New England States. 

J. HAPCOOD, 

MANUFACTURER and importer of 

GUNS, RIFLES, CANE GUNS & PISTOLS, 



DEALER IN 



GUN MATEEIALS J| W Sest %¥*®m flower, 

*u .. A A D p m SHOT AND BALLS. 

0t)aotitt2 Apparatus. wBtMMP 1 of all sizes. 

EMBRACING EVERY ARTICLE IN THE SHOOTING LINE. 

No. 13, WASHINGTON ST. BOSTON. 

GEO. H. HALE & CO. 

JnMa Hubber manufacture 

No. 36, BROMFIELD ST. BOSTON. 

Machine Belting, Steam Packing, Hose, Garments, Horse Covers* 
Wagon Covers, Air Beds, Air Cushions, Life Preservers, &c, 

MADE ON AN IMPROVED PLAN. 

Dzr All orders promptly attended to. -O 



10 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JAMES MILLER & CO. 

[Many years with Shelldrake, Bigg & Co. London,] 

ittrgiml utifr Ittatnmtral 3!krjjatririim0, 

And Manufacturers of Invisible 
and Instruments for the Cure of 

€lub Jeet, Sort) £ec|0, anir all otljcr Skformtties, 

LACE STOCKINGS ASTD KNEE GAPS, 
For the Radical Cure of Varicose Veins, Anasarcous Swellings, &c, in the Legs. 

Ladies' Abdominal, Sustaining, and Compressing Belts ; Elastic Russia Body 
and Rib do.; Trusses; all kinds of Shoulder Braces; Chest Expanders; Spino 
Supports; Suspensories, and their justly celebrated 

PREMIUM SPRING CRUTCHES. 

E? Also, ARTIFICIAL LEGS, HANDS AND ARMS. £B 
Dr. Fitch's, Chapin's, Crain's and Wilson's 

Ladies waited upon by Mrs. Miller. 

OFFICE, 2 1-2 BROMFIELD STEEET, (UP STAIRS.) 

Four Doors from Washington St. © ® § IT ® 53 ♦ 



PATENT SALAMANDER SAFE, 

WARRANTED FREE FROM DAMPNESS, 

AND 

MANUFACTURED AND FOR SALE BY 

WILLIAM AM1§ & CO., 

LATE ADAMS, HAMMOND & CO. 
Sole Proprietors of the above Patents for the N. E. States 

CORNER OF CROSS & FULTON STS. 

All Safes sold under the name of " Salamander," " Wil- 
der's Salamander," and " Improved Salamander," are 
spurious, UNLESS MARKED PATENT. 

tCT LEGAL DECISION. — The public are informed, that, after a full trial in the Cir- 
cuit Court of the United States, Messrs. Edwards & Hohnan have been found guilty of 
violating the patent held by the Subscribers for the Salamander Safe. The Subscribers 
understand that Messrs. E. & H. now make and sell, under ihe name of " Improved Sala- 
mander Safe," an article filled with some other substance than the patented filling, and that 
the Safe thus made is not the true Salamander Safe, and has never been tested as such. 

WM. ADAMS & CO. 




ADVERTISEMENTS. 



11 



NEW STORE! MEW GOODS! 




JONES, BALL & POOR, 

Offer for sale to the trade and retail a new and extensive assortment of GOODS IN 
THEIR LINE, consisting in part of the following, viz.: 

Fine London ana Geneva WATCHES and CLOCKS ; 

Superior new Sheffield PLATED, JAPANNED, and BRITANNIA WARES; 

CUTLERY; 

Ornamental PAPIER MACHE FURNITURE; 

Bohemian GLASS and PORCELAIN WARE; 

Paris BRONZES and CANDELABRAS; 

FANCY GOODS and CURIOSITIES ; 

Also, a great variety of 

till lllfll iiill! 
and 

PDEilg 4JBWBILIBY* 

RECENTLY MANUFACTURED UNDER THEIR IMMEDIATE INSPECTION, 

No. 226, Washington Street, 

Corner of Summer Street, 

SIGN OP THE GOLDEN EAGLE. 



12 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



IMPROVED SALAMANDER SAFES. 

DENIO & ROBERTS, 

EABIPMITIIBBIBS* 

CORNER OF 

Causeway & Friend Streets, 

lOSfOI. 

Also, Manufacturers of every Style of 




AID 



These Safes are a perfect security against Fire and Rogues. 
The following is what Messrs. J. & S. W. Putnam, of Fitchburg, 



Fitchburg, December 15, 1840. 
Messrs. Denio, Cheney & Co. 

Gents. — The Safe we bought of you was in the fire from three to four hours, and was 
nearly white hot a great portion of the time. Our Books are all perfectly legible ; and we 
did not lose a paper that was in the Safe, and we consider ourselves fortunate in having so 
valuable an article. 

Yours, respectfully, J. & S. W. PUTNAM. 

CHARLES D. STRONG, 

onteelbr, |tekfetiet k Itottam; 

No. 1 CORNHILL, BOSTON. 

CONSTANTLY ON HAND A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF 

School, Theological, and Miscellaneous Books, 

Which are offered at Wholesale and Retail, at the Lowest Prices. 
C. D. Strong publishes the following Popular Works : 

BRADFORD & GOODRICH'S UNIVERSAL ILLUSTRATED ATLAS. Folio. 
GOODRICH'S PICTORIAL GEOGRAPHY. 1000 Engravings. Large 8vo. 



ALCOTT'S WORKS. • The Young Woman's Guide. 

Youns Housekeeper. Young Mother. The House " 
MRS. HOFLAND'S TALES. Energy. Moderation. 

Self Denial. 
LIFE ON THE OCEAN. By Captain George Little. 



Young Husband. Young Wife. 
Live in. 
Reflection. Decision. Integrity. 

MEMORIALS OF METHODISM 



[N NEW ENGLAND. DROPS FROM FLORA'S CUP. WIFE AND MOTHER'S 

BOOK. 
MRS. GORE'S JUVENILES. The Snow Storm. New Year's Day. The Inundation. 
FOX'S BOOK OF MARTYRS. WHITEHEAD'S LIFE OF WESLEY. DEFOE'S 

LIFE OF THE DEVIL. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 13 



BOOKS IN PRESS, 

LITTLE & BROWN, 

&ato MoattutUtvu, 

No. 112 WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON. 

ADAMS'S WORKS, 

Life and Works of JOHN ADAMS, second President of the United States, in 10 vols, 
octavo, edited by Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

STORY ON THE CONSTITUTION, 

Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, with a Preliminary Review of the 
Constitutional History of the Colonies and States, before the adoption of the Con- 
stitution.. By the late Mr. Justice Story, Dane Professor of Law in Harvard 
University, (in two volumes, second edition, octavo.) 
This work which has been hitherto printed as a law book, and chiefly confined in its 
circulation to the legal profession, will in the present edition, be issued in a new form and 
at very much reduced price, so as to meet the wishes and means of that larger class of the 
community, which is interested in the discussion of the principles, objects and provisions 
of the Constitution of the United States. It will contain a full statement of all the Con- 
stitutional questions which have been discussed and adjudicated since the publication of the 
previous edition, so as to bring the work down to the present time. 

WILLS ON CIRCUMSTANTIAL. EVIDENCE, 

An Essay on the Principles of Circumstantial Evidence — illustrated by numerous Cases 
By Win, Wills, Esq. from the third English Edition— enlarged ; with Notts and 
References to American Cafes. By Junius Hall, Esq. 1 volume 8vo. 
UNITED STATES EQUITY DIGEST, 
. A Digest of all the Reports in Equity, decided in the United States Courts of the several 
States, from the earliest period to the present time. In two volumes, royal 8vo corres- 
ponding with the United States Digest of Common Law and Admiralty Reports, by'Messrs. 
Metcalf, Perkins. Curtis and Putnam, and forming, with that, a complete Digest of all the' 
Reports to 1847, from which period Mr. Putnam's Annual Digest will include the Common 
Law, Admiralty, and Equity Reports. By John Phelps Putnam, of the Boston Bar. 

SUPPLEMENT TO MINOT'S DIGEST, 
Embracing all the Reported Decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts 
from the Third Volume of Metcalf's Reports, down to the time of publication, includ- ' 
ing the 13th volume of Metcalf, and the second of Cushing. 
HILL1ARD ON MORTGAGES, 
A Treatise on the Law of Mortgages, by Francis Hilliard, Esq., in two vols 8vo. 
WOODBURY AND MINOT'S REPORTS, 
VOLUME III. 
Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Circuit Court of the United States for 
the First District. By Charles L. Woodbury and George Minot. 

LIFE AND FIRE INSURANCE, 
A Treatise on the Laws of Life and Fire Insurance. By Joel Giles, Esq. Counsellor at 
Law. 

HOWARD'S REPORTS, 

VOL. IX. 

Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme Court of the United States. By 
Benjamin C. Howard, ready in a few days. 

METCALF'S REPORTS, 

VOL. XIII. 

Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts 
By Theron Metcalf. This volume closes the labors of Judge Metcalf as Reporter. 
CUSHING'S REPORTS, 
VOL. II. 

Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts 
By Luther S. Cushing. 

B 



14 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



WflOHflAH ft BWAIft 




STOVE, RANGE, & FURNACE 




Whiteley's Improved Kitchen Range. 

E. W. respectfully begs leave to call the attention of the public to his improved 
KITCHEN RANGE, which is acknowledged to be decidedly the best and most economi- 
cal article of the kind ever before offered to the public — and feels no hesitation in war- 
ranting it in every case. These Ranges are fitted to burn Wood or Coal. 

Refers to P. Wainwright, G. M. Dexter, Charles Amory, W. P. Mason, and N. Capen, 
Esqs. Also, many others. 

Whiteley's Patent Portable Hot Air Furnace. 

E. W. also takes this method of offering to the public hrs PATENT PORTABLE 
CYLINDRICAL HOT AIR FURNACE, for Warming and VentilHting Public and Private 
Buildings. This furnace has been in use for a number of years, and has given the most 
perfect satisfaction. It occupies but a very small space, the largest size being only 3 feet 
in diameter, and is simple, durable, and effective. 

Refers to Messrs. Lord, Cummings, Wainwright, and Pettes, Esqs., Boston ; Messrs. 
Nesmith, Putnam, Greere, and Mayor, Esqs., New York. 

Whiteley's Improved Portable Wash Boiler. 

Also, manufactured and for sale as above, E. WHITELEY'S IMPROVED PORTABLE 
WASH BOILER, the most superior article of the kind ever invented. It consumes but a 
small quantity of fuel, and is easily transported from place to place. 

Whiteley's Patent Cooking Apparatus. 

Also, E. WHITELEY'S PATENT COOKING APPARATUS, for boiling Food by 
Steam. 

Refers to the Massachusetts General Hospital, McLean Insane Asylum, Somerville State 
Reform School, Westboro', Rhode Island State Prison r and many others. 

Improved Apparatus for Warming Green Houses, &c. 

By circulation of Hot Water in Iron Pipes. . „ „ * 

Refers to Thos. H. Perkins, Esq., Brookline ; Messrs. Hovey & Co., Merchants' Row, 
Boston; S. Bigelow,Esq., Brighton ; J. P. Cushing Esq, r Watertown, and many others. 

Patent Self-Acting Roasting Jack. 

Warranted to run two hours. FOB SALE HERE. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



15 



EDWARD WHXTELEY'S 



TED 


S3* 


fc 11 


Or 


w 11 1 


1 S 1 


H iJJJ 


00 


cu W—3 





CHIMIEY CAP OR TENTttATOR. 



E. W. begs leave to call the attention of Builders, Ship Owners, 
and the Public generally, to his new Patent Chimney Cap or Venti- 
lator for curing Smoky Chimneys and Cabin Stoves ; also for venti- 
lating Public and Private Buildings, &c. This Cap has been 
applied to Chimneys that have smoked for a term of years, and in 
all cases has given entire satisfaction. In fact, the Patentee feels no 
hesitation in recommending it as the only sure remedy for the above 
difficulties. 

E. W. can produce the most undoubted testimonials with regard 
to it. This Ventilator is highly ornamental, and can be placed on 
any building without injury to the appearance of it. 

REFERS TO 

P. Wainwright, Esq., Treasurer of Suffolk Savings Inst. 
N. Griggs, Esq., firm of Griggs & Forbes, Coal Merchants. 
H. Rice, Esq. 

Capt. Rtrie, of the B. & N. A. R. M. Steamship Niagara. 
Capt. Loring, of the Schooner Fashion, and numerous others. 



16 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CHINA TEA STORE, 

198 Washington St,, opp, Marlboro 5 Hotel, 

ESTABLISHED IN 1842, 

FOE THE SALE OF THE BEST TEAS ONLY. 

BSANCE STORES, 

No. 78, Hanover Street, No. 68, Beach Street. 



The fluctuations in the Tea Market have been of late years too frequent and considerable 
to admit of the Proprietors adopting one permanent and uniform list of prices. Only such 
changes will at any time be made as equity demands ; and if may be safely relied on, that 
the prices of the China Tea Company's BEST TEAS will always be considerably LOWER 
than are charged by dealers for like qualities, and less than they charge generally for inferior 
sorts. The quotations below will show the variation from former retail prices ; 



BLACK TEA. 




GREEN TEA. 






Per lb. 




Perl 


Good ordinary Souchong, 


25 


Fine Hyson Skin, 


82 


Good Souchong, full flavor, 


32 


Best Hyson Skin, 


40 


Fine Souchong, 


40 


Young Hyson, 


32 


Finest Souchong, 


50 


Fine Young Hyson, 


40 


English Breakfast, 


60 


Delicious Young Hyson, 


50 


English Pekoe Souchong, 


75 


Extra Fine Young Hyson, 


60 


Superior Ningyong Tea, 


40 


Finest Quality, 


75 


Fine Oolong, 


50 


Silver Leaf, 


1.00 


Superior Oolong, 


60 


Very Fine Imperial, 


75 


Extra Fine Oolong, 


75 


Fine Gunpowder, 


75 


Finest quality, 


1.00 


Very Fine Gunpowder, 


1.00 


Orange Pekoe, 


50 


Good Old Hyson, 


50 


Flowery Pekoe, 


60 


Superior Old Hyson, 


60 


Hoqua's Mixture, 


75 


Very Best Old Hyson, 


75 



COFFEE. 

RAW, ROASTED AND GROUND. 

Java» Government Java, Cuba, Rio, Manilla, African, Mocha. 

PARTICULAR NOTICE. 

To accomodate Families and parties who live at a distance, they offer 
FIVE POUND LOTS, as follows: 

Five Pounds Ningyong Oolong, an extra Black Tea, for $1.85 

Five " Strong Young Hyson, 2.00 

Five " Young Hyson, delicious flavor, 2.25 

Five « Superior Old Hyson, 2.50 

Five " Souchong, (sold elsewhere at 50 cts. per pound, 2.00 
Ten " Good Ground Coffee, 

AGENCY FOR SZADECKY'S CELEBRATED ESSENCE OF COFFEE, AND 
TARAXACUM OR PREPARED DANDELION ROOT. 

A large and complete assortment of Chocolate, Cocoa and Shells. 
REDDING & CO., Proprietors 






ADVERTISEMENTS. 



17 



HEWS' 




The Subscriber invites attention to his highly improved Instru- 
ments, for which he has obtained Letters Patent; and Medals 
and Diplomas from the principal Fairs in this State and New York 
City. These Pianos combine Strength, Sweetness and Mvenness of 
Tone, Elasticity of Touch, and great Durability. In point of 
finish, no pains are spared to please the eye. 

Flattering testimonials to their superiority have been received from 
the following eminent Professors and others : 



William Mason, Boston, 

H. Perabeau, " 

Chas. F. Heuberer, " 

Franz Petersilea, " 

Theodore Moelling, " 
L. H. Southard, 

J. C Johnson, " 

A. N. Johnson, " 

B. F. Baker, « 



Oliver Ditson, Boston. 

Charles Bradley, " 

D. H. Shirley, 

W. H. Rowson, Hudson, N. Y. 

N.P. B Curtiss, Charlestown. 

W. M. Byrnes, 

Louis Strack, Lowell. 

H. S. Cutler, « 

Ed. S. Cummings, Worcester. 



N. B. Pianos exchanged, tuned, and rented on favorable terms. 

GEORGE HEWS, 
No. 365, WASHINGTON STREET, 

MELODEOIV BULBING, 

B* 



18 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JAMES G. BLAKE, 

LATE KITTREDGE & BLAKES, 

Sos. 12 to 20, Cornhill, & 27, Washington St. 
BOSTON. 

Entrance both on Cornhill and Washington Street. 

IMPORTER OF 

UPHOLSTERY, PLUSHES, 

' BI!I» 9 Mill SIATOS. I«. 

MANUFACTURER OF AND DEALER IN 

MAHOGANY, BLACK WALNUT AND PAINTED 

COTTAGE FURNITURE, 

LOOKING GLASSES, CURLED HAIR, 

■AT&BSSB& PBATll£fefe» Eft* 

PEW CUSHIONS & FURNITURE. 

J. G. B. is prepared to furnish Societies and others with suitable 
Church Furniture, Curtains, &c. Reference may be made to the 
Old South Society, in Boston, North Congregational Church, in New 
Bedford, Mass., among others, which have already been furnished. 



Importing direct from the Manufacturers in France and Eng- 
land, every variety of Fashionable 

Wjolstcrg eoofrs, tfnvnituvt, &c. 

and having the best Upholsterers and Cabinet Makers constantly at 
work under his personal supervision, J. Gr. B. natters himself that he 
can procure the best Goods, at the lowest rates, and manufacture 
them in a style and manner which cannot be surpassed, and on 
terms satisfactory to the most rigid economist. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 




CORNER OF 

CONGRESS AND WATER STREETS, 



l®fcni^ 



WHOLESALE AND EETAIL 

CLOTHING HOUSE, 



JOHN SIMMONS & CO. 



20 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ABR1 HEWS, JR. & CO. 



#ln, „ < „ 






WASHINGTON STKEET, 

Nearly opposite the Old South Church, 



DEALERS IN 

WATCHES, JEWELRY, 

P<tf& tow*!, 0§*tf rtnb ftofitfo €mh> 

ft i in iiiiv iiiiio - 

Bw B w IB D H II V I V v if UP Qr faj 
AND 



Watches Cleaned and Repaired. 

OLD GOLD AND SILVEE TAKEN IN EXCHANGE. 

Jewelry Repaired in the neatest manner. 

ABRAHAM HEWS, Jr. AUGUSTUS H. HEWS. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



21 




WILLIAM P. TEWKSBURY, 

No. 362, WASHINGTON STEEET, BOSTON. 

DEALER IN 

0ct)0ol & JiIt0allmie0tt0 Books, 

s 

Every thing in the Stationery and Book Line offered at 
Wholesale or Betail, on the most reasonahle terms. 

Book Binding at short notice, and Account Books ruled 
and hound to order. 



22 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CARPET WAREHOUSE. 

BALLARD & PRINCE, 

Nos. 7 and 9, BROMFIELD STREET, 

Have constantly on hand a Large and Complete Assortment of 



viz : 



VELVET, TAPESTRY, BRUSSELS, 

ratBBg-tFOT MUD SBKPIIBPQEIISS^ 

HEARTH RUGS and BOOKINGS. 



IB Ml"™ IB toil WmiliiHS'iui'nJ CD 3 UJJ -J 



Also, 

l\illiWiM 
3 



OF ALL KINDS, 



Of the newest style of Patterns and Colors, from the most approved 
Manufactories. 

NANKIN STRAW MATTINGS, 

OF ALL KINDS. 

lS3®tL0§[Kl MTCD Affl&IBSaftB 

PAINTED FLOOR CLOTHS, 

OF ALL WIDTHS, 

CUT TO ANY DIMENSIONS. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



23 



THEO. H. BELL, 

DEALER IN 

155 and 157 Washington Street, 

OPPOSITE OLD SOUTH CHURCH, 

BOSTON. 



The Subscriber would respectfully inform bis friends and the pub- 
lic generally, that having greatly enlarged and improved bis Store, 
be is enabled, by the greater facilities afforded him, to keep a larger 
and more extensive Stock of 

suited for Gent's, Ladies', Misses', and Children's wear, of his own 
manufacture, and from the best manufacturers in the State, which 
will be sold at reasonable prices, and warranted to give satisfaction. 

LADIES' NEW YORK BOOTS MD SHOES. 

Having made arrangements with Mr. W. L. WHITING, of New 
York, I shall be constantly receiving from this celebrated manufac- 
turer, a full supply of Ladies', Misses, and Children's SHOES, of 
all his variety of styles and patterns, of the best materials and work, 
at his lowest cash prices. Ladies who prefer, by leaving their meas- 
ure, can have their Boots and Shoes made to order, as above, at 
short notice. 

Gent's, Boys', Misses' and Children's Shoes 
MADE TO ORDER. 

A Fine Assortment of Gent's, Ladies', Misses' and Childbed's 
LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S CLOGS. 



24 ADVEKTISEMENTS. 



THE BOSTON 

MUTUAL 

HEILTI 

ASSOCIATION. 

N0. 8, Bcoliatfs Btrifouij, 

Entrance on Tremont Row. 



In calling the attention of the public to this Institution, it may be worthy of remark, that 
though Health Insurance Companies are but of recent date in this country, yet m England 
they have long been considered as the greatest blessings and benefits of the age. There, 
•where the price for labor is so small as to preclude all hopes of the Mechanic or Laborer 
ever obtaining a sufficiency beforehand to support himself or family, should sickness or ac- 
cident prevent him from attending to his daily labor, the want of some such an Institution 
was deeply felt. „ , i -u *-u 

As an experiment, Health Insurance Companies were formed, and as such more than 
realized the brightest hopes of their projectors. Thousands have been the cases where the 
head of a family has been prostrated upon a bed of sickness, with no provision lor him sell 
or wife and children, had it not been for the aid received by his insurance policy. .By this 
he was enabled to remain with his family around him, instead of being obliged to remove 
to the Charity Hospital, and his family scattered abroad, homeless, to seek their bread of 
strangers. But now, thanks to his fortunate foresight, he was sure of receiving a weekly 
allowance, amply sufficient to keep want far away from his door. This happy thought 
cheered him through his sickness, and has often done more to restore the bloom and strength 
of health, than all the power of the Leech's art. , . ... 

This is no fancy sketch, but reality. Even in our own more favored country, and the 
system is yet in its infancy, we can see many cases very similar to the one we have sketched 
above. And we would put the question to every man in humble circumstances, whether, 
if sickness should lay its heavy hand upon them, and it may at any moment, have they any 
support for themselves or families ; if not, what awaits them ? Shall it be aid Irom the 
hand of charity, or support from the public fund ?— both alike repulsive to the man of 
sensibility and spirit. . 

In the Mutual Health Insurance Association, you can find the antidote, and we earnestly 
entreat the atlention of all to its object, for its great advantages and benefits must be ap- 
parent to every one. What happier thought can thrill the breast of the husband and lather, 
than the consciousness, that, though called away at any time, yet he was sure ot leaving 
his family well provided for ? . ... . 

The office is located in Scollay's Building, Court Street, where every information will be 
cheerfully given to applicants. 

C. MAYO, President 

WILLIAM PULSIFIEK, Secretary. 

NO. 8, SCOLLAY'S BUILDING. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



25 



HEALTH ASSOCIATION 

OF SPKINGFIELD, MASS. 
ilTttl) a (guarantee jmntr of Sen Styotisanir JMlars. 



This Association is formed for the mutual relief of its 
members in case of sickness or accident. 

By paying §1 50 in advance as application fee, and the 
payment of the following rates within thirty days, a certifi- 
cate of membership will be secured. 



BATES OF YEARLY PAYMENT. 



Between 15 and 50 years of age, 
$2 00 per year draws $2 00 per week. 



3 

4 00 

5 00 

6 00 

7 00 

8 00 



3 00 

4 00 

5 00 

6 00 

7 00 

8 00 



Between 50 and 60 years of age, 

$2 50 per year draws $2 00 per week. 



3 75 

5 00 

6 25 

7 50 

8 75 
10 00 



00 

4 00 

5 00 

6 00 

7 00 

8 00 



OFFICERS. 

WAITSTILL HASTINGS, President. 
EDMUND FREEMAN, Vice President. 
OLIVER SEXTON, Jr., Secretary. 
SAMUEL S. DAY, Treasurer. 
C. C. CHAFFEE, Examining Physician. 



DIRECTORS. 



WAITSTILL HASTINGS, 
SAMUEL S. DAY, 
JOHN MANSFIELD, 
SAMUEL K. BUEL, 



MARVIN CHAPIN. 



EDMUND FREEMAN, 
C. C. CHAFFEE, 
OLIVER SEXTON, Jr. 
SAMUEL L. PARSONS, 



REFERENCES. 



Hon. John Reed, Lt. Gov. Yarmouth, Mass. 
Hon. John Mills, Springfield, Mass. 
Hon. Geo. Ashmun, M. C. Springfield, Mass. 
Hon. Isaac Davis, Worcester, Mass. 
Hon. Wm. G. Bates, Westfield, Mass. 
Hon. Abr. H. Howland, New Bedford, Mass. 
Chester W. Chapin, Esq., Springfield, Mass. 
Orrin Sage, Esq., Ware, Mass. 
George T. Davis, Esq., Greenfield, Mass. 
C. L. Covill, Esq., Hartford, Conn. 
C 



Oliver Stanley, New Britain, Conn. 
Hon. John Young, New York Citv 
Hon. L. C Peck, N. Y. 
Hon. James Wilson, N. H. 
Dr. C Chapin, Brattleboro', Vt. 
Franklin Clark, Esq., Bath, Me. 
James S. Bailey, Esq., Portland, Me 
Prof. R. Dunglinson, Philadelphia Pa 
N. S. Lawrence, Esq., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Amaaa Stone, Esq., Cleveland, Ohio. 



26 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



N. S. DEARBORN, 
No. 1 WATER STREET, AND 12 SPRING IANE, 

ET(LOWER FLOOR,)£J 



BOSTON. 




GREAT attention is paid to Printing Cards for either 
j Marriage, Address, Visiting, or Business, so that the ink will 
remain firm on the Card, and not rub off. 

JOB PRINTING. 

It Particular attention is given to this branch. Bill Heads, 
7 Circulars, Billets, Hand Bills, &c, done in neat style. 



CARD ENGRAVING 

Executed in a most beautiful manner. Address, Marriage, 
and Business Card Plates done in the first style of art. 

COPPER PLATE PRINTING. 

Cards printed from Copperplate at short notice — also, 
Maps, Heads, &c. 

DOOR PLATES, ALL. SIZES, PRICES AN T D QUALITIES. 

EMBOSSED WORK DONE PROMPTLY. 



W. A TCGHERMAN, 




No. 5, SUDBUKY, OPPOSITE HAWKINS ST. 
BOSTON. 

COPPER WORK OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, viz., 

Copper Gutters, Pumps, Boilers, Soda Fountains, Generators and Coolers, Church Vanes, 

Dyers' and Hatters' Kettles, Steam and Fire Engine Work, 

Cochituate Water Fixtures, &c. 

A. R CAMPBELL, 

TEMPERANCE EATING HOUSE, 

Nos. 6 and 7, WILSON LANE, 



21 <S 



This Establishment has recently been fitted up in the most thorough and complete man- 
ner for the comfort and convenience of patrons. A room has been reserved and fitted 
expressly for the accommodation of the Ladies visiting the city, and who do not wish to 
dine at a Hotel. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



HAYWARD RUBBER COMPANY, 

INVENTORS AND MANUFACTURERS OF 

PREMIUM HIGH FINISH, 

SPRING TEMPERED 

METALLIC RUBBER 




COLCHESTER, CONN. 

N. HAYWARD is the original inventor of the high finish, and gives his personal attention 
to the manufacturing department, which enables us at all times 10 offer an article 

Net surpassed in Beauty, Style and Durability ; in proof of which we would state that 
the American Institute nave, for the three year,s last past, awarded us a SILVER MEDAL 
for the best Rubber Boots and Shoes exhibited. 

In consequence of the high reputation which our Shoes have attained in market, others 
are stamping their Shoes "Hay ward & Co. " apparently for the purpose of leading purchas- 
ers to believe that they are the Premium Shoes manfactured bv us. 

Our goods are stamped "HAYWARD RUBBER COMPANY, COLCHESTER, CONN." 
"GOODYEAR'S PATENT, 1844." 

They are made heavy, medium and light, to suit the taste and market of purchasers, and 
are of the usual variety of sizes, of slim, medium, full, and extra width. We are constant- 
ly receiving from the Factory : — 

Gentlemen's Short Boots ; Top, Wading or Sporting Boots 5 

Gentlemen's Overshoes, Sandals, and Gaiter Boots ;~ Boy's Overshoes ; 

Ladies' Gaiter Boots, Overshoes, Sandals, Fancy Sandals, Slippers and Buskins ; 

Misses' Gaiter Boots, Overshoes and Buskins ; Children's Overshoes and Buskins ; 

Persons ordering Shoes from us, can depend upon their being filled with promptness and 
fidelity, and at the lowest market price. 

HAYWARD RUBEER CO. 
H. BURR, President. 
STORE, SO & %2, CENTRAI* ST.j BOSTON. 



28 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




WASHINGTON STREET. BOSTON. 

Orders of every description respectfully solicited of Publishers and others, in want of 

o?36ix^rTxisrG ex*, bx^bx^tg. 

G. W. WHITE, Proprietor. 



THE BEST AND CHEAPEST PAPER IN THE WORLD. 
INDEPENDENT OF PARTY OR SECT. 

The Subscriber having purchased the Banner at a heavy outlay, is determined it shall be 
surpassed by none, either in the quality or the quantity of highly interesting reading mat- 
ter, which will appear in its columns, or in the elegance of its typographical appearance. 

Notwithstanding its enlarged and improved style, the price of the Banner will not be 
increased, but will be sent, as heretofore, for two dollars per annum, invariably in advance. 
Its contents will consist of original Novellettes, Tales, Romances, Legends, Army and 
Navy Matters, Sketches, Travels, Adventures, Poetry, Humorous Sketches, Musical and 
Dramatic Notices, Fun, Frolic, and every variety of other matter, calculated to interest, 
instruct, and amuse. 

WM. R. HAYDEV, Publisher. 

154 Washington Street, Boston. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 29 



GEOEGE C. EAND & CO. 

NO. 3, CORNHILL— - BOSTON. 

BOOK, CARD AND FANCY JOB 




OF EVEBY STYLE AND VAEIETY, 



ON HAND, CARD AND POWER PRESSES, 

Executed in the most approved manner at short notice, 

wk ae> eemmmsm mmsB 

AS AT ANY OTHER PLACE. 

GOLD PRINTING, AND PRINTING IN COLORS, 

Also, on Glazed and Fancy Papers, 

NEATLY EXECUTED. 

Business, Marriage and Address Cards ; Shop Bills, Bill Heads, Notices, Circulars of every 
style ; Reports of Towns, Tax Bills, Reports of School Committees and Societies ; Hand 
Bills of every kind ; Railroad Tickets, Bank Notices, Bills of Lading, and in short, EVERY 
THING PRINTED THAT ANYBODY WANTS, at Prices that cannot fail to prove satis- 
factory. , 

Mr. Leonard Jackson, of the late firm of Dow & Jackson, would inform his friends, that 
he is at-present located at the above place, where he will be happy to see all his old patrons. 



G. C. R. & CO. publish the GUIDE TO HOLINESS, a monthly periodical, entirely de- 
voted to the publication of religious reading ; 24 pages ; octavo ; $1 per annum in advance. 
This work is favored with the contributions of some of our most deeply experienced writers 
on religious subjects. 

Also publish PARLEY'S CABINET LIBRARY, the most complete and perfect Family 
and School Library of Biographical, Historical, Scientific and Miscellaneous reading, now 
published. By Hon. S. G. Goodrich, the " Peter Parley " of every body's school-boy days. 
Comprising, — 1, Lives of Famous Men of Modern Times ; 2, Lives of Famous Men of An- 
cient Times ; 3, Curiosities of Human Nature ; 4, Lives of Benefactors ; 5, Lives of Famous 
American Indians; 6, Lives of Celebrated Women; 7, Lights and Shadows of American 
History; 8, Lights and Shadows of European History; 9, Light3 and Shadows of Asiatic 
History ; 10, Lights and Shadows of African History ; 11, History of the American Indians ; 
12, Manners, Customs, and Antiquities of the American Indians ; 13, A Glance at the Scien- 
ces ; 14, Wonders of Geology ; 15. Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom ; 16, A Glance at 
Philosophy ; 17, Book of Literature, with Specimens ; 18, Enterprise, Industry, and Art of 
Man ; 19, Manners and Customs of Nations ; 20, The World and its Inhabitants. 
C* 



30 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



umrnx Street fefaWMJtteitt, 

Nos. 6 and 8, SUMMEE STBEET, BOSTON. 



IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN 

ENGLISH, FRENCH & GERMAN 

SILKS, SHAWLS, 

JPfrtgMi Stew ®(sw^s« 
LINEN GOODS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS, 

&lotl)0, Ulcnno0, (tfasljmeres, Somba^ne© 

AND ALL KINDS OF 

MOURNING GOODS, 

I1SIRS¥» ®fciWR$» IT8, 



C. &, Co. having taken the above splendid Establishment, with the view of conductir 
an extensive Dry Goods business in its various branches, would respectfully invite tl 
attention of purchasers to their Stock, which will at all times be found full and complete 
in every department, and at the lowest market prices. The One Price System will be 
-strictly adhered to, thereby offering equal advantages to all purchasers. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 31 




BEYANT'S SAFES, 

WARRANTED FREE FROM 

DAMPNESS OR MOULD, 

AND WITH ALL THE 

IBESSBSTP WPWSMWBSH&, 

INDLUDING 

SOWBSE AID SQgffJl 2S00J £Q0K§, 

The Subscriber is fully prepared to show that these Safes are equal in all respects to any 
now manufactured in the United States, they having, in a number of instances, been fully 
tested by fire. Persons desirous of any particular form of inside, (or mahogany case,) can 
have the same made to their order. 

Also, manufactured to order, and sent to any part of the United States, and British 
Provinces, all kinds of Machinery, Iron Fences, Gates, Balustrades, Doors, Shutters, 
Sashes, &c. 

JOS. R. BRYANT, 

No. 30, Causeway St., corner of Lancaster St., 

TO STOYE AND LANTERN MANUFACTURERS. 



SHEET ISINGLASS OR MICA, 

For Compass Cards, Signal, Battle, Engine, Common and other 
Lanthorns, Stove, Fnrnace Doors, &c. &c. 

The above article is superior to anything ever used for the above purpose, on account of 
hot breaking or burning, but standing the most intense heat. Also, Safety Lanterns of 
various sizes, a very superior article, warranted not to break by falling, and are decidedly 
the safest, cheapest, and best article of the kind in use. Also, Safety Lamps, an excellent 
article, by the dozen, single, or any quantity. Constantly for sale on the most reasonable 
terms, at No. 31 Union Street, up stairs, Boston Mass. 

N.B. The Isinglass or Mica, will be cut to any reasonable size, if requested. All orders 
for the article thankfully received and promptly attended to. 

GEO. H. ETJGGLES. 
DEPOT FOR ARTISTS' MATERIALS. 



mi. j. WHnmCi 

IMPOBTEB AND WHOLESALE AND BEWAIL DEALEB IN 

OIL COLORS, CANVASS, BRUSHES, 

AND 

%xl\sW Jttatmate of mrg irmriptioti, 

ALSO, 

No. 35, COKNHILL, BOSTON. 



32 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



LIFE ASSURANCE COMPART, 

WORCESTER, MASS. 

GUARANTY CAPITAL, 

100,000 Dollars. 



Hon. JOHN DAVIS, President. 

Hon. Isaac Davis, 

Hon. Stephen Salisbury, 



Vice Presidents, 



DIREC 
Hon. A.. D. POSTER, 
ICHABOD WASHBURN, 
JOHN MILTON EARLE, 
JOHN GREEN, M. D. 
BENJAMIN F. HEYWOOD, M. D. 
CHARLES WASHBURN, Esq. 
JOSEPH SARGENT, M. D. 
C. L. PUTNAM, 
WILLIAM DICKINSON, Esq. 
H. N. BIGELOW, 



TORS. 

Hon. E. WASHBURN, 
Hon. ALEXANDER DE WITT, 
Hon. JOHN BROOKS, 
CHARLES W. WILDER, 
Hon. HENRY W. CUSHMAN, 
HENRY CHAPIN, Esq. 
FREEMAN UPHAM, Esq. 
ELISHA P. FEARING, Esq. 
JOSEPH A. DENNEY, Esq. 
CLARENDON HARRIS. 



William Dickinson, Treasurer. 

This Company commenced issuing Policies of Assurance on the 1st of June, 1845, and in 
five years have issued 2,264 Policies, and received $175,629 00 in Premiums. 

PREMIUMS OF ASSURANCE FOR ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS. 





Annual Payments. 




Annual Payments. 


Age. 


For 7 y'rs. For Life. 


Age. 


For 7 y'rs. For Life. 


15 


$0 66 $1 10 


40 


$1 37 $2 38 


20 


68 1 24 


43 


1 39 2 50 


25 


83 1 44 


46 


1 37 2 76 


28 


95 1 59 


50 


1 53 3 25 


31 


99 1 72 


54 


2 13 3 96 


34 


1 06 1 88 


58 


3 17 4 89 


37 


1 22 2 07 


60 


3 63 5 42 



In addition to the above premiums, a deposit of 6 per cent, on the premiums, will be 
required ; and a deposit note, varying at the different ages from 15 to 30 per cent, on the 
premiums. 

Applications for Assurance may be made at the Office of the Company, at the Central 
Bank, in Worcester, and to the Agents in the towns and sections of New England, New 
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. 

Clarendon Harris, Secretary. 

JOHN A. BOLLES, Agent for Boston. 

No. 10, Court Street. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 33 



PAPEl MB 8TPM* IflDNEIRY 

No. 77 WASHINGTON ST. JOY'S BUILDING, BOSTON, 



MANUFACTURER OF 



ACCOUNT BOOKS, 

WRITING and DRESSING CASES, MANIFOLD LETTER WRITERS, and Im- 
porter and Dealer in Foreign and Domestic STATIONERY, Portable Writing 
Dssks, School Books, Bibles, Rich Fancy Stationery Articles, 
Commercial and Law Blanks, 
And every article of utility and fancy connected with the line, adapted for the Counting 

House and Office, and for Artists, Teachers, Professional Gentlemen, Travellers, &c, at 

wholesale and retail, on as reasonable terms as can be had at any other city in the Union. 
N.B. All NEW ARTICLES received by the earliest arrivals. 
O- ACCOUNT BOOKS, for Banks, Insurance Offices, Railroad Companies, &c, made 

to order with despatch. 

0» PRINTING of Bill Heads, Circulars, Cards, &c, executed at the lowest rates. 

N. B. Country Merchants and Dealers will find it for their interest to call before making 

up their bills at any other house. 

C. C. P. MOODY, 

dMfr Sirkirait printing dbflitt, 

No. 52, WASHINGTON STEEET, 

Book, Job, Card, and all other kinds of Printing executed 
in the best manner, on moderate terms. 

AMARIAH STORRS, 

No. 25, COENHILL .... BOSTON. 

GENERAL AGENT FOR 

MANN'S CARDS, 

F1KT mWMB HI, 

Marble Papers, Railroad Ticket Stock, &c. 



34 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



MUTUAL BENEFIT 



CAPITAL, $1,192,441 66. 

The soundness of this Company and the extent of its business may be inferred from the 
following statistics, sworn to by the Directors, on the twentieth day of January, 1851, and 
deposited in the office of the Secretary of State for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
according to the Revised Statutes. 

Whole amount of Premiums received, .... $1,821,673 43 
Amount of Interest, ..... 134,101 86 

Received in Cash, .... 

Received in Premium Notes, 

Due on Policies in course of transmission, 

INVESTMENTS. 

Bonds and Mortgages, 

Bonds of the City of Newark, N. J. . 

Bonds of the City of Brooklyn N. Y. 

Real Estate, .... 

Loans on Scrip, .... 

Cash on hand, .... 

Premium Notes, .... 

Due from Agents on Premiums, 

$1,192,441 66 
Amount now held by the Company for the payment of Losses which may 

occur, and Dividends, ..... $1,192,441 66 

Reserved Fund, ....... 502,265 34 

Dividend declared 1851, ..... 32 per cent. 

Greatest amount insured on one risk, .... 10,000 00 

From the above statement it will be seen that the Company has an ample fund to meet 
all possible contingencies. The Premium Notes, which are received in some cases, while 
they may prove a convenience to the insurer, are always so secured and so limited in 
amount as to be perfectly safe to the Company. And it may safely be said that, for the 
object which the Company has in view— the Mutual Benefit of the Insured, its funds could 
not possibly be invested to better advantage. 

The Annual receipts of the Company, for Premiums and Interest, are more than 

HALF A IILLIOM OF DOLLARS! 

while its Losses and Expenses do not exceed $200,000. 

This Company has had all its business submitted to the most rigid mathematical calcula- 
tion, and in the declaration of dividends, and the reservation of funds to meet future con- 
tingencies, it obeys all the requisitions of the most thorough science on the subject. 



$1,234, 


^29 89 




709, 


790 14 




11,655 26 








$1,955,775 29 
$370,951 48 










1,900 00 






50,000 00 






16,968 11 






6,609 88 






41,295 32 






693,061 61 






11,655 26 



EOB'T L. PATTEBSON, President. 
B. C. MILLEE, Secretary. 

DIRECTORS AED OFFICERS. 



ROBERT L. PATTERSON, 
CHARLES S. MACKNETT, 
LEWIS C. GROVER, 
THOMAS B. SEGUR, 
HENRY Mc FARLAN, 
WILLIAM M. SIMPSON, 



SETH LOW, 
JOHN R. WEEKS. 
ANDREW S. SNELLING, 
RANDALL H. GREEN, 
JOEL W. CONDIT, 
NEHEMIAH PERRY. 



LEWIS C. GROVER, Attorney and Counsel. 
Office of the Boston Agency, 

No. 17, State Street, (South Side.) 

Where applications for Insurance may be made ; and where abundant testimonials of the 
soundness and utility of the Institution will be exhibited, and all further required informa- 
tion in the premises cheerfully given. 
Medical Examiner, D. HUMPHREYS STORER, M. D., 14 Winter Street. 

J. B. PBINCE, Agent. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 35 



«#I,1 »1S8,, 



The subscribers are manufacturing and have constantly 
on hand, the largest assortment of Gold Pens, Gold and 
Silver Pen and Pencil Cases, to be found in this city. We 
give a few extracts, to show what the public think of them. 

"We have for a few days made trial of a Gold Pen manufactured by WILMARTH & 
BROTHER, and can honestly say that it pleases us better than anything we have ever 
used ; no gold pen that we have ever tried can compare with it. " — Puritan <y Recorder. 

"We have tried a specimen of their handiwork, and find it to perform its office better 
than anything of the kind that we have seen elsewhere. " — Boston Daily Courier. 

"We recommend all persons in search of a serviceable article to look at their fine as- 
sortment. — Evening Transcript. 

We also keep an assortment of Watches, Jewelry, and 
Fancy Goods, all of which we offer on the most reasonable 
terms. 

WILMARTH & BROTHER, 

No. 9 Court Street, Boston. 

GLANCY'S 
PREMIUM AMERICAN 

LIQUID BLACKING. 



Having devoted time and attention to the manufaciure of BLACKING, I can challenge 
comparison with the best article manufactured in this or any other country, for producing 
that Oily Jet Black Polish that defies competition, warranted good or no sale. 

B. GLANCY 

Also informs the public, that he has commenced the manufacture of WRITING INK, 
which he warrants to be a very superior article, and can furnish the best testimonials of its 
Durability and Color, being awarded a DIPLOMA at the Mechanics' Fair of 1850. 

The above articles can be furnished wholesale or retail, at No. 12, Genesee Street 
Boston, Mass. 

I¥o. 13, GENESEE STREET, BOSTON. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE. 



THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL 




Office, Merchants Bank Building, State St. Boston. 

Since commencing, Feb. 1, 1844, to Jan. 1, 1851, has made out 3,000 policies. 

The amounts from $200 to $10,000 each. 

Largest amount taken on any one risk, $10,000. 

Insures lives only. 

$50,000 guaranty capital paid in. 

Over 2,000 policies subsisting at this date. 

Reserve fund, owing to the favorable turn of the risks thus far, over $350,000, well 
invested for the proportional benefit of those who shall become, as well as those already 
members. 

Surplus to be refunded to members at the end of every five years, from December, 1843. 

The first distribution of 20 per cent, was made Dec. 1, 1848. 

Premium may be paid quarterly or semi-annually, where desired, and amounts not too 
small. 

All the premiums earned by the Company are paid to it. and no member pays in his 
note or money, against the notes, (good or bad) of other members. 

Every person who is insured thereby becomes a member of the Company, and has a 
fight to vote at its meetings ; he also, from the time of taking out his policy, has a propor- 
tional interest in the accumulated fund of the Company, which has gone on regularly 
increasing since commencing business, and promises favorably for future distributions of 
profits ; and this fund, with the guaranty fund of 50,000, gives a strong assurance of the 
solidity and stability of the Company. 

TABLE OF PREMIUMS. 



ANNUAL PAYMENT FOK EACH HUNDRED DOLLARS. 



Age. 
10 
15 
20 
25 



Forms of application, and pamphlets of the Company, and its reports, to be had of its 
agents, or at the office of the Company, or forwarded by mail, if written for, post paid. 



'or Life. 


For 7 y'rs. 


For 1 y'r. 


Age. 


For Life. 


For 7 y'rs. 


For 1 y'r. 


$1 35 


$0 73 


$0 78 


40 


$3 16 


$1 58 


$1 44 


1 53 


84 


72 


45 


3 81 


1 87 


1 67 


1 74 


98 


91 


50 


4 71 


2 44 


2 08 


1 98 


1 11 


1 03 


55 


5 94 


3 43 


2 71 


2 28 


1 21 


1 17 


60 


7 65 


5 01 


4 17 


2 66 


1 34 


1 25 











DIRECTORS. 



WILLARD PHILLIPS, 
M. P. WILDER, 
CHARLES P. CURTIS, 
N. F. CUNNINGHAM, 
CHARLES BROWNE, 
GEORGE H. KUHN, 



R. G- SHAW, 
WILLIAM G. LAMBERT, 
THOMAS A. DEXTER, 
WILLIAM PERKINS, 
SEWELL TAPPAN, 
WILLIAM R. LEE, 



WILLAED PHILLIPS, President. 
BENJ. P. STEVENS, Secretary. 

JOHN HOMANS, Consulting Physician. 

January 1, 1851. 



■+«r* 



ANDOVER PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT. I 




JOHN 



riAOc, 



(OPPOSITE PHILLIPS'S ACADEMY,) 

Main Street, Andover, Mass. 

Every description of Stereotyping and Printing entrusted to his care will be faithfully and 
accurately done. 

He would also invite the particular attention of Authors and Publishers to the peculiar facilities 
of this Establishment, for executing any and all kinds of Printing, in the English, Greek, Hebrew, 
Arabic, Syriac, Coptic, Ethiopic, and Samaritan languages. 

WILLIAM CHADWICK, 

BOOK AND JOB PRINTER, 

NO. 18, EXCHANGE STREET, BOSTON, 

Respectfully informs those in want of any kind of Printing, that he has made extensive additions to 
his Establishment, in the shape of new type and presses, of the most modern style, and that he is 
prepared to execute any kind of work that may be entrusted to his care, particularly Cards, 
(biuinets, marriage, and visiting,) Ta&s, Circulars, Billets, Notices, Bill Heads, Shop 
Bills, Bawk Checks, Certificates, Transfers, Bailroad RECBrns, Policies, Bills or 
Laws o, Bills of Fare, Labels, Programmes, Posters, Colored axd Fajtct Joss, of every 
description, &c. tec. 



MAYNARD & NOYES' 

BLACK WRITING INK. 

THIS INK has stood the test of thirty years experience, nwc\ during this time has been 
constantly increasing in public favor and patronage, and is now the leading article ituhe 
country. It flows with freedom, become* permanevt/u black, does not mould under any 
circumstances, and is adapted to either metallic or quill pens. 

Office of Merchants' Tns. Co. \ 
Boston, Nov. 18, 1848. 5 
Messrs- M AYN\Ttn & Noyes, 

I have used your Writing Ink for the last sixteen years. In 1840, I gave you a certifi- 
cate of its excellence, and having continued its use ever since, to my entire satisfaction, 
my opinion is confirmed in its superiority. It flows freely from the pen, ai>d is iv all 
resperts the best Ink I have ever used. The other officers in the institution agree with 
me in the opinion here expressed. GEORGE HOMER, Secretary. 

Boston, May 27, 1846. 
For twentv years past I have had occasion to use Ink daily, and someti t es for the 
nicest of penmanshin • occasionally, necessity or curiosity has led me to make use of the 
article made by different individuals, — but I con cheerfully state, that I hare never 
found any that combined so many good qualities as that made hv Maw \ro & N'ovfc:s. 

N. D. GOULD, Teacher of Penmanship. 

Registry Deeds, I 
Boston, Nov 20, 1847. J 
Mr-prs. M\ys *nn & Noyes 

I h*ivem"de use of \ our Writing Ink for the Recording of Deeds. Ac, the past twevty- 
five years, and having found it to suit mv wishes and purposes entirelv. take pleasure in 
renewing my testimonial of its superiority. From the appearance of the Records in my 
Office, I am s;iti*fied it is superior to anv I have used, and consider it particularly adapted 
for all purposes, where permanency nf color in requisite or desirable. It flaws well from 
the pen, and does not mould} and my oldest Records prove it to be unalterably black. 

H. ALI.INE, Register of Deeds. 

Boston, Jauuary 10, 1848. 
MF.«s«n«*. M\yn<ro «v Noves, 

Gentlemen. — it is now, I believe. mo»-p than twenty years since the School Committee 
passed an order for using vonr Black Writing Ink in the City Schools. I have used it 
during that period, and deem it a first rale article, and cheerfully recommend it to others. 
It fiatvs f-eely from the pen. and increases in blackness after being committed to the 
pa'ner, and the color is durable. I know of no Ink equal to vours. an-l I have tried many 
kinds, both English and American. P MACKINTOSH, .In. 

Principal of the Writing Dep., Hancock School. 

Boston, October 15, 1849. 

Me«R<< M\YNAT>0 & NOYF.S, 

Gentlemen. — Your note of the 10th inst., asking us to state the length of time we had 
used vour Writing Ink. and our opinion of its quality, was duly received. We have 
made use of it generally for the last twentv years, and have found it always of satisfac- 
tory qna)it\. being free from those objectionable points so troublesome and common in 
writing liquids generally. Wishing for it a still more extensive sale, we are, gentlemen, 
Your obedient servants, 

J. M. BEEBE & CO. 

Post Office, Boston, Oct. 2, 1843. 
The Black Writing Ink manufactured by Messrs. Maynard & Noyf.p, has been used 
In this office for several years past, Other Inks have during that time been tested, but 
theirs has been in every instance preferred. For fluidity, blackness, and permanancy, 
the three important requisites, none has been found eoual to it. 

GEO. W. GORDON, Post Master. 

COPYING INK. 

This Ink gives a copv as distinct and perfect as the original, and combines all the pro- 
perties of our Writing Ink This quality particularly adapts it .'or Counting-House use, 
as it answers all the purposes for whii h a Writing l.iquil is wanted. 

I or Sale, Wholesale and Retiil bv the. Manufacturers, 11 Merchants Row, and Station* 
era and booksellers generally, in the City and Stales. 

<Q-j&&h ■> 



S» # U S & €» H © 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 

.OFFICE, No. 13 STATE STREET, BOSTON. 

This Company continue to insure HOUSES, STORES, and other Buildings } 
also, FURNITURE, and other personal property, 

AGAINST LOSS Oil DAMAGE BY FIKE, ON REASONABLE TEEMS, 

AND SOLICIT A CONTINUANCE OF THE PUBLIC PATRONAGE. 



DIRECTORS 



CHARLES A. WELLS, 
OSMYN BREWSTER, 
THOMAS J. I.OB I) ELL, 
JOSEPH L. BATES, 
JOHN SHELTON, 
JOHN REED. 
FRANCIS A. SAWYER, 



HENRY W. DUTTON, 
SAMUEL S. PERKINS, 

WILLIAM FREEMAN, 
CALEB C GILBERT, 
BENJAMIN B MISSEY, 
DAVID P. DAVIS. 



CHARLES A. WELLS, President. 
PELHAM BOXXEY, Jr., Secretary. 



HERMAN'S 

CELEBEATED PEEMIUJ1 

HOT-AIR FURNACES. 



These celebrated Furnaces, which have stood the test of more than fourteen years, 
are now offered to the puldic with very recent improvements, which render them unri- 
.valled in all the qualities which < onstitute a perfect Furnace. Tlie Fire Pot is cast with 
elongated cones running into the Air Chamber, wliich insure its durability and make it 
vastly superior to other pattern fire-pots. A new mode of retaining the heat in the Air 
Chamber, and securing a larger radiating surface than formerly, has been invented, and 
an arrangement to remove the ashes from the radiator, without entering the Furnace or 
disturbing the brick work, has been adopted. 

More of these Furnaces than of iny other kind, have been put up in this city and vi- 
cinity, and are giving unrivalled satisfaction. 

ALSO, FOR SALE, an extensive assortment of new and beautiful pattern Liverpool, 
Berlin and other GRaTES, together with an extensive variety of COOKING RANGES, 
Parlor, Office and Cooking STOVES, VENTILATORS, &c. 

AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BY 

LEOPOLD HERMAN, 

(LATE BRYENT AND HERMAN,) 

No. 61 & 63 Congress Street, Boston.