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Full text of "Romanized school dictionary, English and Urdu"

A 
ROMANIZED 




SCHOOL DICTIONARY, 



ENGLISH AND URDU'. 



SIXTH EDITION. 




CALCUTTA : 

PRINTED AT THE CALCUTTA SCHOOL-BOOK SOCIETY'S PRESS, AND SOLD AT 
THEIR DEPOSITORY, 1, MANGOE LANE. 

1864. 



LOAN STACK 



C35 



ANGLO-tlRDU ALPHABET. 



Sound. 




Sound. 




Sound. 


woman 


i 


in 


r 


eternel* 


art 


i 


poh'ce 


s 


sin 


aisle 


j 


just 


sh 


she 


our 


k 


keep 


t 


pot 


Jut 


kh 


loch 


t 


fat 


church 


1 


Zittle 


u 


bll 


Juke 


m 


wzan 


u 


rule 


barf 


n 


none 


V 


cine 


there 


n 


sung 


w 


was 


/und 





go 


y 


you 


go 


P 


pin 


z 


^eal 


garble 


q 


#uoit 


zh 


a^ure 


Aere 


r 


race 


* French. 



The vowels, whether long or short, with the point under, 
thus, a, &, i, f, represent the ain, , and have a guttural sound. 



182 



ROMANIZED 

SCHOOL DICTIONARY, 



ENGLISH AND URDU. 



ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED. 

a. substantive; a. adjective; p. pronoun; v. verb; ad. adverb ; pr. preposition ; pa. participle; 
injunction; int. interjection, d. (lend; h. hona; k. kavna; r. rakhna. 



ABL 

Abaisaiice, s. salam, ornish. 
Abandon, r. chhor d. tar. 
Abandoned, a. chhora hua ; kharab. 
Abandonment, s. chhorao, tar. 
Abase, v. zalil k. be-qadr k. 
Abasement, s. tazlil, be-qadri. 
Abash, v. sharminda k. ghabra d. 
Abate, v. ghatana, kam k. ; ghatna, 
Abatement, s. ghatao, kanii. [kam h. 
Abbey, s. khanqah, math. 
Abbot, s. khanqah ka sarclar. 
Abbreviate, v. mukhtasar k. ikhtisar k. 
Abbreviation, 5. ikhtisar. [chhota k. 
Abdicate, v. chhor d. tark k. 
Abdication, s. chhorao ; itizal. 
Abdomen, s. pet, shikam. 
Abet, v. madad d. yari k. 
Abeyance, s. mumkin-ul-husul. 
Abhor, f. nafrat k. makruh r. 
AbhoiTence, s. nafrat, kirahiyat. 
Abide, r. rahna, makan k. 
Abject, a. zalil, kamma, faromaya. 
Abjectness, s. tazlil, zalalat, nakasf. 
Ability, s. qabiliyat, qndrat, istidad. 
Abjuration, s. inliiraf, inkar. [kh* k. 
Abjure, v. qasam par inhiraf ya mun- 
Able, a. qabil, laiq. 
Able, to be, v. sakna, qabil h. 
Abluent, a. dhone-ki laiq. 
Ablution, s. gusl ; wazu. 



ABS 

Aboard, ad. jahaz-par sawar. 
Abode, s. ghar, makan, khana. 
Abolish,t\ mauquf k.mansukhk. utliad. 
Abolition, s. mauqiifi, naskh. 
Abominable, a. makruh, karih. 
Abominate, v. nafrat k. makruh r. 
Abomination, s. karahiyat ; kharabi. 
Abortion, s. isqat-i-haml, pet-girna. 
Abortive, a. be-waqt paida ; batil, be- 
Above, pr. upar ; ziyada. [faida. 

Abound, v. bahut h. kasir h. 
About, pr. charon taraf, gird ; babat, 

haqq men ; mashgul ; andaze-se. 
Abreast, ad. ham-kinar. [kam k. 

Abridge, v. mukhtasar k. ikhtisar k. 
Abridgment, s. ikhtisar, khulasa. 
Abroad, ad. bahar ; gair mulk-men. 
Abrogate, v. mauquf k. mansukh k. 
Abrogation, s. naskh, mauqufi. 
Abruptly, ad. ekaek, nagah; be-imti- 
Abscess, s. phora, dummal. [yazi-se. 
Abscond, v. ruposh h. chhipa-rahna, 
Absence, s. gair-hazri. [bhagna. 

Absent, a. gair-hazir; fir-men diib- 

giya, gafil. 

Absolve, v. muaf k. bakhshna. 
Absolute, a. mutlaq, ul-mukhtar ; ta- 

mam, kamal. 

Absolutely, ad. mutlaqan ; albattu. 
Absolution, s. afu, muaf. 



ACC 



ACR 



Absorb, v. pina, jazb k. sokhna. 
Absorption, s. jazb, pina, sokh. [khana. 
Abstain, v. parhez k. baz ana, kam 
Abstemious, a. parhez-gar, kamkhor. 
Abstinence, s. parhez-gari, kamkhori. 
Abstract, s. ikhtisar ; khulasa, ijmal. 
Abstract, v. le-jana, nikalna ; juda k. ; 

intikhab ya ikhtisar k. 
Abstraction, s. judai ; gaur, tasauwar. 
Abstruse, a. mushkil, poshida, sakht. 
Absurd, a. be-huda, be-mani, be-ja. 
Absurdity, 5. be-hudagi ; be-waquff. 
Abundance, s. bahut, bisyari, kasrat. 
Abundant, a. bahut, bisyar, be-shumar. 
Abuse, v. gall d. bad-nam d. ; bad-su- 

luki k. 

Abuse, s. gali, dushnam, bad-istiamali. 
Abusive, a. bad-zaban, zaban-daraz, 
Abyss, s. ghor, gahrao. [dushnam-zan. 
Academy, s. madrasa, maktab. 
Accede, v. razi h. qabul k. 
Accelerate, v. jald k. chalana. [lahja. 
Accent, s. talaffuz-ka nishan ; talaffuz, 
Accent, v. makhraj khub k. talaffuz 

khub rakhna. 

Accept, v. qabul k. ; lena, pazir k. 
Acceptable, a. pasandi'da, khush. 
Acceptation, s. qabul ; bat-ki mani, fah- 

wa-e-kalam. 
Access, s. dakhl, dakhul-ka rah ; nau- 

bat-i-tap. 

Accessory, s, rafiq, sathf, ham-gunah. 
Accession, s. julus, masnad-nishini. 
Accidence, s. amad-nama ; sarf-o-naho. 
Accident, s. ittifaq, sar-guzasht, majra, 

naubat ; chot, zakhm. 
Accidental, a. ittifaqi, na-gahani. 
Acclamation, s. shabashi ; afrin-ka bu- 

l:inl awaz. 

Acclivity, s. pahar-ki clinrliao. 
Accommodate, v. muwafiq k. mutabiq 
k. ; zaruriyut-se khabar lena ; mail 
k. ; mihmani k. 
Ac< uinmodation, s. munasibat, nunva- 

fiqat ; rafa ; mihmani. 
Accompany, v. ham-rali li. 
Accomplice, s . rafiq, shank. [balina. 
Ai-iMiii])Iish, v. tumam k. bajalana, ni- 



Accomplished, a. tamam hua ; kamil. 
Accomplishment, s. nibah, tamami ; 

hunar, qabiliyat. 
Accompt, s. hisab, shumar. 
Accord, v. mutabiq h. eksan h. 
Accordance, s. mutabaqat, mel. 
According, pr. muwafiq, mutabiq, hasb, 

ba-mujib. 

Accost, v. salam k. mukhatib h. 
Account, v. samajhna, janna ; hisab k. 

ya d. ; jawab d. 
Account, s. hisab ; naql, hikayat, taz- 

kira ; martaba. 
Accountable, a. muhasiba-dar, juwab- 

dih, zamin. 

Accoutre, v. sajna ; Jang ka hathyar 
Accrue, v. faida h. hasil h. ana. [lena. 
Accumulate, v. jama k. faraham k. 
Accumulation, s. jama, faraham ; dheri, 
Accuracy, s. durusti, sihhat. [tuda. 
Accurate, a. durust, sahih ; thik. 
Accursed, a. malun, makruh. 
Accusation, s. tuhmat, nalish. 
Accusative, a. siga-i-maful. [nalish k. 
Accuse, v. tuhmat lagana ; shikayat k. 
Accustom, v. adat k. rabt k. istimal k. 
Ache, s. dard, ranj. 
Achieve, v. karna ; sar k. amal k. 
Acid, a. khatta, tursh. 
Acidulate, v. khatta ya tursh k. 
Acknowledge, v. iqrar k. qabul k. 
Acknowledgment, s. iqrar, qabul, itiraf, 
Acorn, s. balut. [shukrana. 

Acquaint, v. ittila d. khabar d. 
Acquaintance^. shinasi,ashna; marifat. 
Acquainted, a. waqif, agah. 
Acquiesce, v. razi h. qabul k. 
Acquiescence, s. raza-mandi, qabul. 
Acquire, r. milna,pana, hasil k. talisilk. 
Acquisition, s. tahsil, hasil; hasul, f;ii<la. 
Acquit, v. be-gunah thahrana, la rig k. ; 

nibalnia. 

Acquittal, s. fatwa-e-be-gunahi. 
Acre, s. farangi jarfb, zamin ka qata. 
Acrid, a. charpara, tez. 
Acrimony, s. tezi, karwai ; dunishti, 
Across, ad. ara ; i>ar, warpar. [sakhti. 
Acrostic, s. muamma. 



ADM 



Act, ,'. kam, kar, fial, amal. 

Act, v. karna, amal k. ; apni nibahna ; 

naql k. tamasha k. 

Action, 5. kam, amal, fial ; muqaddama ; 
Active, a. chalak, chust, tez-dast.[larai. 
Activity, s. chalaki, chusti. 
Actor, s. karta ; naqqal, bhand. 
Actual, a. liaqiqi, fi-1-haqiqat, thik. 
Actuate, v. karana, haraat d. ; asar k. 
Acute, v. tez ; sakht, shadkl ; tez-fahm, 

tez-aql. [fahmi. 

Acuteness, s. tezi ; sakhti, shiddat ; tez- 
Adage, s. masal ; maqula, kahawat. 
Adamant, s. hira, almas. 
Adamantine, a. almasi, khub saklit. 
Adapt, v. muwafiq k. mansub k. thik k. 
Adaptation, 6'. thik hona ; muwafaqat. 
Add, v. milana, jorna, izafa k. ; mizan d. 
Adder, s. afai ; zahr-dar sanp. 
Addict, v. kho dalna, parast h. 
Addition, s. izafa; mizan. 
Additional, a. ziyada, aur uchh. 
Addle, a. ganda, khaki. 
Address, s. salam ; arzi, darkhwast ; pata 

sar-nama ; aql, hunar ; adab, akhlaq. 
Address, v. salam k. mukhatib h. dar- 
khwast k. sar-nama likhna. 
Adept, s. hunar mand, kamil. 
Adequate, a. muwafik, laiq, kafi. 
Adhere, v. paiwast h. cliipakna ; qaim r. 
Adherent, a. paiwasta, chipaka. 
Adherent, s. tabidar, alaqadar. 
Adhesion, s. paiwastagi ; raza, qabul. 
Adjacent, a. muttasil, qarib, nazdik. 
Adjective, s. sifat, ism-i-sifat. 
Adieu, s. wida, khuda hafiz. [mila hua. 
Adjoining, a. muttasil, qarib ; laga hua, 
Adjourn, v. barkhast ; mauquf k. 
Adjudge, v. fatwa d. tahqiqat karke 

hukm d. 

Adjunct, s. paiwandi chiz, ilhaq. 
Adjure, v. qasam khilana. 
Adjuration, s. qasam khilai ; qasam. 
Adjust, v. muwafiq k. thik k. ; faisla k. 
Adjutant, s. lashkar-ka sardar. [rafa k. 
Administer, ?;. hakumat k. ; adalat k. 

dad d. ; qasam khilana ; muhafazat 

k. wasi h. 



Administration, s. hakumat; hifazat 

wasi-ka kam. 

Admirable, a. ajib, nadir, garib. 
Admiral, s. mir-ul-bahar. 
Admiration, s. taajjub, hairani.[ashiq h. 
Admire, v. taajjub k. mutaajjib h. ; 
Admission, s. dakhul, dakhl, rasai. 
Admit, v. dakhl d. ane d. ; qabul k. 
Admonish,!', nasihatk. tambih d. [raxi h. 
Admonition, s. nasihat, pand, tambih. 
Adopt, v. pasand k. ikhtiyar k. amal- 

men lana ; mutabanna k. pasar- 

khwanda lena. [akhz, qabul. 

Adoption, s, pasar-khwandagi, tabanni ; 
Adoration, s. sijda, ibadat, parastish ; 
Adore, v. sijda k. ibadat k. pujna.[ishq. 
Adorn, v. araish k. arasta k. zebaish d. 

zmat d. 

Adrift, ad. bahta hua, baha-phirta. 
Adroit, a. chalak, tez-dast, tez-fahm. 
Adulation, s. khushamad, chaplusi. 
Adult, s. balig, bulug, rasida. 
Adulterate, v. milauni, naqis chizon se 

amezish k. 

Adulteration, s. khontaf, amezish. 
Adulterer, s. zina-kar, zani, fasiq. 
Adulteiy, s. zina, zina-kari, haram-kari. 
Advance, v. age jana, barhna ; pesh k. ; 

barhana, sarfarazi k. ; izhar barha lu 
Advance, s. ana ; peshagi, sarfarazi ; 

barhao, taraqqi. 
Advantage, s. faida, nafa ; fursat, qabu, 

fatah, galaba. 

Advantageous, v. mufid, faidamand. 
Advent, s. Masih i paidaish ; amad. 
Adventure, s. majra ; mukhatara ; tija- 

rat. 

Adverb, s. ism-i-zarf ; harf-i-tamiz. 
Adversary, s. dushman, mukhalif. 
Adverse, v. mukhalif, bar- as ; bad- 

bakht. 

Advertize, v. ishtihar k. ; khabar d. 
Advice, s. nasihat, maslahat j khabar, 

ittila. 

Advise, v. salah d. maslahat d. ; ittila d. 
Adviser, s. nasih, salahkar. 
Advocate, s. wakil, shati, hami. 
, s. san, zaniana. 



AGE 



ALA 



Aerial, a. hawai, asmani ; buland. 
Aeronaut, s. hawa-rawinda. 
Afar, ad. baid, dur, bahut dur-se.[hilm. 
Affability, s. khush-suhbati, muravvat ; 
AiFable, a. khush-go, muravvati, halim. 
Affair, s. kam, kar, muamila, majra. 
Affect, v. asar k. ; ranjida k. shadi k. ; 
bahana k. ; ikhtiyar k. [nakhra. 

Affectation, s. taqlid, bahana, makr, 
Affection, s. ishq, muhabbat, ulfat. 
Affectionate, a. ulfati, sahib-i-muhabbat, 

shafiq. 
Affectionately, ad. muhabbatana, sha- 

faqat-se, piyar-se. 
Affidavit, s. half-nama ; qasam. 
Affinity, s. nisbat, munasabat ; rishta- 
Affirm, v. iqrar k. kahna. [dari. 

Affirmation, s. iqrar, isbat, qaul. 
Affirmative, a. iqrari, musbit. 
Affix, v. paiwasta k. lagana, sath-jorna. 
Afflict, v. ranjida k. iza d. satana. 
Afflicted, a. ranjida, gam-nak, dil-gir, 

magmum. 

Affliction, s. ranj, tasdi, gam-klnvari, 
dil-giri. ' [half. 

Affluence, s. daulat, tawangari, asuda- 
Affluent, a. daulat-mand, tawangar. 
Afford, v. dena ; kharcli k. 
Affray, s. hangama, gauga, danga. 
Affright, v. darana, dalisliat d. 
Affront, v. be-adabi k.khafifk. be-izzatk. 
AftVDHt, .s. khiffat, zillat, be-ix/.nii. 
Afoot, ofl. piyada, paidal, paon-paon. 
Afloat, ad. bahta ; jahaz-par. 
pr. ])csli, paliilc, age. 
..ill, '"/. inaxkur. 
Afraid, a. dartil, dahshat-zada. 
i ,"'. piclilif, dar-|.ai ; bail. 
AI'MTHOOII, t. si-paiin,", (io-paliai'-so sham 

ai-<ls, ad. had iskc, {ikliirko. 
., Od. plii-r, b:i/ ; dol);ii'ali,(ii'iM-akar. 
Against, pr. khilaf, bar-khilafj-mc-n, l>ar- 

aks ; sanmukli. 
Agate, .. yashrn, sanir-i-MiIaiinaiif. 

. ipiir, siim-c.-sal ; xain;uia. 
i, ". huddlia, sal-dida, pii-. 

I.HIII, aiual ; giinia.shtagi, ni- 
; wakuhu. 



Agent, s. gumashta, wakil ; fail. 
Aggrandize, v. barhana, surfaraz k. 

buzurg k. 

Aggravate, v. ziyada k. badtar k. 
Aggregate, s. majmua, jumla. [dasti. 
Aggression, s. hamla, zabar-dastf, pesh- 
Aggressor, s. mabni-e-fasad, hamlagar. 
Aghast, a. dahshat-zada, haibat-zada. 
Agile, a. chust, chalak, jald-baz. 
Agility, s. chusti, chalaki. [hairan k. 
Agitate, v. hilana, harakat d. ; ghabrana, 
Agitation, s. harakat, jumbish ; ghabra- 

hat, hairani. [tar. 

Ago, ad. guzashta, guzre hue, age, pesh- 
Agonize, v. azab-men h. bahut dukhiia. 
Agony, s. azab, jankandan, hal-i-naza. 
Agree, v. razi h. qabul k. muwafiq h. 

milna ; iqrar k. 

Agreeable, a. pasandida, dil-pasand ; mu- 
wafiq, mutabiq. [niujib. 
Agreeably, ad. khushi-se ; mutabiq, ba- 
Agreed, a. muqarrar; razi, ham-awaz. 
Agreement, s. ittifaq, muwafiqat ; shart, 

ahd ; iqrar-nama. 
Agi'iculture, s. kishtkari, ziraat. 
Agriculturist, s. kishtkar, muzari. 
Aground, ad. zamin-par, zada, khushki- 
Ague, s. tap-i-larza, juri. [men. 

Ah, int. ah, darega, wae, hae-wae. 
Ahead, ad,, pesh, qabl, age. 
Aid, s. madad, yawari, dast-giri. 
Aid, v. madad d. dast-giri k. 
Aide-de-camp, s. bakhshi-ka musalnb. 
Ail, v. dord-i-as li. i/.a li. ranjida h. 
Ailing, a. bimar, marix, manda. 
Ailmeiii, s. Inmari, inai 1 /, azar. 
Aim, r. shist bandluui, azin k. qasd k. 

irada k. 

Aim, y. shist, nishan ; a/.m, (jasd, irada. 
Air, s. hawa, bad ; nawa-tarana, tai'an- 

iiam ; wa/.a, c-lial. 
Airing, x. sair, hawa-klidri. 
Air-|iiiinp, .. ha\v;i nikaliii'-kc- hntliyar. 
Airy, a. lia\v;i-dar, ha\\;ii ; huland, liu- 

cha : khiish-sliad, subuk. 
Aisle, >-. girjr-ki lihitar rah. 
Akin, O, rishta-dar, qai'il>: muwafiq. 
Alabaster, s. mannar-i-sufaid. 



ALL 



AMB 



Alacrity, s. khushi, chalaki. 

Alarm, >: darana, takhwif k. chaunkana, 

ghabraua. 
Alarm,,?, khauf, dar; afat-ki khabar ; 

gauga, liullar. [tars-nak. 

Alarming, a. dahshat-nak, haul-nak, 
Alas, int. ah, wah, darega, afsos, hae- 
Alboit, ad. agarchi, garchi. [wae. 

Alchymist, s. kimiya-gar. 
Alchymy, s. jlm-i-kimiya. 
Alcohol, s. tez sharab. 
Alcove, s. qubba, taq. 
Alderman, s. hakim, amil. 
Ale, s. boza, bir-sharab-ki qism. 
Alert, a. chust, chalak, chaukas. 
Algebra, s. al-jabr, jabr-o-muqabala. 
Alias, ad. urf, saniyan. , 
Alien, s. begana, garib, ajnabi. 
Alienate, v. dena, bakhsna ; dil uthana. 
Alienation, s. hawala, tafvviz : karahat, 

nafrat ; dewanagi. 

Alight, t\ utarna, nazil h. [waisa. 

Alike, a. barabar, eksan, mushabih, 
Aliment, s. khana, khorak, taam, gliiza. 
Alimentary, a. khane-ka, muqauwi. 
Alive, a. jita, zinda ; chalak, chaukas. 
Alkali, s. khar, sajji. 
All, a. sab, sara, tamam, kull-hum. 
Allay, v. thanda k. takhfif k. aram d. 

kam k. 

Allegation, s. iqrar, fjab, bahana, dawa. 
Allege, v. kahna, iqrar k. [darf, itaat. 
Allegiance, s. farman-bardari, wafa- 
Allegory, s. tamsil, misal, majaz. 
Alleviate, v. thanda k. takhfif k. kam k. 
Alleviation, s. takhfif, taskm. [rishta. 
Alliance, s. ahd-o-paiman ; qarabat, 
Alligator, s. magar, ghariyal ; kumliir. 
Alliteration, s. tirsfa, tajnis. 
Allot, v. bantna, hissa ya bakhra d. 

taqsim k. ; dena. 

Allotment, s. hissa, bakhra ; qismat. 
Allow, v. ijazat d. rawa r. qabul k. ; 

takhfif k. ; dena. 
Allowance, s. hissa, bakhra ; tankhwah ; 

ratib, khoraki. 

Allowed, a. laiq-e-ijazat, wajibf. 
Alloy, s. amezish, milauni, kahish. 



Allude, v. kinaya k. ishara k. 

Allure, v. phuslana, wargalana, fareb d. 

Allurement, s. fareb, targib, phuslawa. 

Allusion, .9. kinaya, ramz, ishara. 

Ally, s. rafiq, sathi. 

Almanack, s. taqwim, roz-nama. 

Almighty, s. Allah taala, haq-taala. 

Almond, s. badam, lauz. 

Almoner, s. bela-bardar. 

Almost, ad. qarib, anqarib, nazdiktar. 

Alms, s. khairat, zakat, bhikh. 

Almshouse, s. garib-khana. 

Aloft, s. bala, upar. 

Alone, ad. akela, tanha, jarida. 

Along, ad. sath, hamrah, shamil ; ba 

darazi, lamban men. 
Aloof, ad. dur, baid; alag, alahida. 
Aloud, ad. chillake, buland awaz-se 

shor-se. 

Alphabet, s. alif-be, haruf-i-tahajji. 
Already, ad. abhf, isi waqt j pahle-se ; 
Also, ad. bhi, aur, niz. [chuka. 

Altar, s. qurban-gah, mazbah. 
Alter, v. badal k. tagir k. tabdil k. 
Alteration, s. tagir, tabdil. 
Altercation, s. takrar, hujjat, jhagra. 
Alternate, a. ek-ke bad diisra, bari barf- 
Alternative, s. ikhtiyar. [ka, ba-naubat. 
Although, c. agarchi, harchand-ki. 
Altitude, s. bulandi, unchai, irtifa. 
Altogether, ad. sub-samet, bil-kul. 
Alum, s. phitkiri, zaj-i-sufaid. 
Always, ad. hamesha, harwaqt, hardam. 
Amain, ad. zor-se, ba-shiddat, jald. 
Amalu'am, s. qalai. [navis. 

Amanuensis, s. muharrir, katib, madad- 
Amass, v. faraham k. jama k. jorna. 
Amaze, v. mutajjib k. hairan k. ghab- 

rana. 

Amazement, s. taajub, hairat, ghabrahat. 
Amazingly, ad. ajib tarah-se, nihayat, 

bahut. 

Ambassador, s. elchi, wakil-i-badshah. 
Amber, s. kahmba. [galat. 

Ambiguity, s. do-mani, ishtibah, pech, 
Ambiguous, a. mashkuk, pechida, mug- 

laq, mushtabah. 
Ambition, s. himmat, hansila. 



ANC 



6 



ANT 



Ambitious, a. himmati, hausilamand. 

Amble, v. yarga chalna. 

Ambrosia, s. amrit. 

Ambuscade, "> kamin, kammgah, ghat, 

Ambush, s. j ghat-ki jagah. 

Amen, ad. amm. [min. 

Amenable, a. zer-amal, jawab-dih, za- 

Amend, v. durust k. islah k. sahih k. 

Amendment, s. durusti, islah, tashih. 

Amends, s. jaza, makafat. 

Amerce, v. jarimana k. dand bharwana. 

Amiable, a. har-dil aziz, mahbub, nek- 

nihad. [dost-dar. 

Amicable, a. nek-khwah, khair-khwah, 
Amicably, ad. khair-khwahana, dosti-se. 
Amidst, pr. bich, darmiyan. 
Amiss, ad. taqsir, qusur ; galat. 
Amity, s. dosti, mihrbani, ikhlas. 
Ammunition, s. barut-goli, asbab-i-jang. 
Amnesty, s. muaf-i-nama. 
Amongst, pr. bich, darmiyan. 
Amorous, a. ashiq-mizaj, ishq-baz. 
Amount, v. barhna ; tadid h. 
Amount, s. jama, jumla. 
Amphibious, a. do-unsarf, zamm-par-o- 

pani-men rahnewala. 
Ample, a. bara, chaura, wasi, bahut. 
Amplify, -u. barhana, bisyar k. ; tul- 

tawil k. 

Amply, ad. bahutat-se, khasrat-se. [k. 
Amputate, v. uzo-ko kat-dalna ya qalam 
Amputation, s. uzo-ka katao. 
Amulet, s. tawiz, hirz, bazu-band. 
Amuse, v. bahlana ; tafrih d. khush k. 
Amusement, s. tamaslia, bazi ; tafrih. 
Analpgy, s. mushabahat, nisbat, qarina. 
Analogous, a. mushabih, muwafiq. 
Analysis, s. tafriq, tafsil, taqsim. 
Analyze, v. tafriq k. tafsil k. 

<-!iy, 9. li:i!rii:il, !i;i!i--ama. 
Anathema, s. lanat. 

Anatomy, s. jlm-i-tashrih. [peshma. 
Ancestor, s. jadd, buzurg, aba-ajdad, 
Anchor, x. l:iii'j-;ir. 

Aiichorage,8. langnr-^iili, l.-igan-kf jagah. 
Aiichoi-i':, 8. '_-"sli;i-ni- lu'n, /;ihid. 
Ancient, a. qadiin, jx-sin'ii, drrfna, pu- 

rana, biirha. 



Ancients, s. mutaqaddamin, sabiqm, 
And, c. aur, wa, o. [aslaf. 

Anecdote, s. dastan, qissa, naql ; nukta. 
Anew, ad. phir, sar-i-nau, naye sir-se. 
Angel, s. farishta, malak. 
Anger, s. gussa, khafagi, khashm.. 
Angle, s. kona, gosha ; nok. 
Angle, v. bansi lagana, niachhli marna. 
Anglicism, s. angrezi zuban ka muhawara. 
Angrily, ad. gusse-se, khashmana. 
Angry, a. gussa, khafa, khashmnak. 
Anguish, s. azab, iza, aziyat, azar, alam. 
Animadversion, s. sar-zanish, tazir, 

tadib, tambih. [giri k. 

Animadvert, v. tazir k. tambih d. ; harf- 
Animal, s. janwar, haiwan. 
Animalcule, s. bahut chhota kira. 
Animate, v. jilana, zinda k. j himmat 

bandwana, dileri d. 
Animate, v. jandar, zinda, jfta. 
Animation, s. zindagf, jandari ; chalaki ; 

zinda-dili, dileri. 

Animosity, s. kina, khusumat, adawat. 
Ankle, s. takhna. 
Annals, s. tawarikh, akhbar. 
Annex, v. lagana, laga-dena, paiwand k. 

wasl k. [halak k. 

Annihilate, v. nabud k. maduin k. 
Annihilation, s. nesti, adam, halak. 
Anniversary, s. barsi, roz-i-sal. 
Annotation, s. tabir tafsir, sharh. 
Announce, v. ittila k. khabar d. isliti- 
Annoy, v. khijana, diqq d. [har k. 

Annoyance, s. diqq, tasdi, taklif. 
Annual, a. har-sala, baras-waii. 
Annuity, s. saliyana, Ava/.it'a. 
Annul, v. mauquf k. mansukli k. 
Anodyne, s.taskin-bakh,sh,anim-bakhsh, 
Anoint, v. tel lagana, masah k. [dn\va. 
Anomalous, a. be-tartib, khilaf-i-(iai(la. 
Anonymous, a. be-nami, ism-i-na-ma- 
Another, a. diisra, nur-ok, digar. [lum. 
Answer, s. jawab, ijabat. 
Answer, r. jawab d. ; mutabiq h. ; liazii-, 

zamin li. ; hsi/ir h. 
Answerable,a. zimma-dar, zamin ; mum- 

kin-ul-jawab, nnnvalici. 
A iit, .s-. cliiunta, chiunti, mor. 



APP 



APP 



Antagonist, s, dushman, mukhalif, harif. 

Antecedent, a. peshin, muqaddam. 

Antechamber, s. jilau-khana, dardalan. 

Antedate, r. peshtar tarikh dalna. 

Antelope, s. haran, ahu. 

Anterior, a. peshin, mutaqaddam. 

Anthem, s. tasbih, ilalu. 

Antichristian, a. khilaf dm-i-masih-ke. 

Anticipate, v. peshdasti k. sabqat k. 

Anticipation, s. pesh-dasti, pesh-bandi, 

Antidote, s. tiryak, zahr-muhra. [sabqat. 

Antimony, s. surma, kuhl. 

Antipathy, s. nafrat, karahiyat. 

Antipodes, s. taht-ul-arz sakin. 

Antiquarian, s. mutaqaddam-khwah, 
mutaqaddam-amokhta. 

Antiquate, v: purana k. ; beriwaj k. 

Antique, a. qadim, peshin, purana. 

Antiquity, s. qadimi, pesliin zamana, 

Antithesis, s. muaraza, muqabala. [salaf. 

Antler, s. haran-ke sing-ki shakh. 

Anvil, s. sandan, nihai. 

Anxiety, s. andesha, tashwish, taraddud, 
iztirabi; udasi. [fikr-maiid. 

Anxious, a. andesha-nak, mutaraddid, 

Any, a. koi, kase, kuchh, hech. 

Apace, ad. jaldi, shitabi-se, turt. 

Apart, ad. alag, alahida, juda. 

Apartment, s. kothri, kamra. 

Apathy, s. be-parwai, kahili ; murdadili. 

Ape, s. bandar, hozina. 

Aperient, a. mus'hil, jullab. 
Aperture, s. chhed, surakh, shigaf. 

Apex, s. nok, sir, sar, qulla, chonti. 
Aphorism, s. masla, maqula.. 
Apiece, ad. ekek-ko, harek-ko. 
Apocryphal, a. na-muatabir, mashkuk. 
Apologize, v. uzr k. muazarat k. muaf 
Apologue, s. masal, hikayat. [mangna. 
Apology, s. uzr, mazirat. 
Apoplexy, s. sakta. [inhiraf. 

Apostasy, s. tark-i-dm, inkar-i-dm, 
Apostate, s. munkir-i-din, munharif. 
Apostle, s. rasiil, hawari. 
Apothecary, s. dawa-farosh, attar. 
Apophthegm, s. qaul-i-mushhur, kalam- 

i-maqbul. 
Appal, v. darana, dar dikhlana. 



Apparatus, s. saranjam, saz-o-saman, 
Apparel, s. poshak, libas, kapra. ^ [alat. 
Apparent, a. zahir, howaida, sarih. 
Apparently, ad. zahiran, dekhne-men. 
Apparition, s. bhut, khiyal; /.alulr, 
Appeal, s. dohai, murafa. [surat. 

Appeal, v. murafa k. dohai k. 
Appear, v. nazar ana, zahir h. dikhlai d. 

malum h. [shakl. 

Appearance, s. zahur, numaish, surat, 
Appease, v. taskm d. thanda k. 
Appellant, s. dad-khwah, muaddi. 
Appellation, s. laqab, nam. 
Append, v. jorna, lagana. 
Appendage, s. niulhaq, ilaqe-ka ; dum. 
Appendix, s. tatimma, zail. [r. 

Appertain, v. mutaalliq h. ilaqa r. taaluq 
Appetite, s. bhukh, ishtiha, ragbat, 

shahwat. 

Applaud, v. afrfn k. tarif d. sarahna. 
Applause, s. afrin, tarif, shabashi. 
Apple, s. seb ; (of the eye) putli. 
Applicable, a. Miq, munasib, mutabiq. 
Application, s. shugl, mashaqqat, tan- 

dihi ; arzi, darkhwast. 
Apply, v. lagana ; mutalaa k. mashgul 

h. ; arzi ya darkhwast k. ; munasib h. 
Appoint, v. thahrana, muqarrar k. 

nasab k. 
Appointment, s. jah, mansab ; taaiyun, 

mushahara ; shart, wada. 
Apposite, a. thik, muwafik, munasib, 

bar-mahall. 
Appraise, v. nirkh thahrana, qimat 

lagana, tashkhis k. [ankao. 

Appraisement, s. takhmma, tashkhis, 
Appraiser, s. qimat-lagane-wala, takh- 

mina-saz, mushakhkhis. 
Appreciate, v. aziz janna, qadr k. 
Apprehend, v. pakarna, giriftar k. ; 

samajhna ; darna. [khauf. 

Apprehension, s. giriftari ; samajh ; dar, 
Apprehensive, a. darta, andeshamand, 

waswasi. 

Apprentice, s. shagird, talmiz. 
Apprize, v. khabar d. ittila k. 
Approach, s. amad, nazdik ana. [ana. 
Approach, v. nazdik ana ya jana, qarib 



ARG 



8 



ARS 



Approbation, s. pasand, manzurf, raza. 
Appropriate, a. khas, makhsus; munasib, 

muwafiq. [muqarrar k. lagana. 

Appropriate, v. makhsus k. apna k. ; 
Approval, s. pasand, raza. 
Approve, r. pasand k. manzur k. razi h. 
Approximate, v. nazdik ana ya jana, 
Appurtenance, s. mutaalliq. [qarib h. 
Apricot, s. khubani, zard-alu. 
April, s. Angrezi chautha mahina. 
Apron, s. tali-band. [dast. 

Apt, a. maqul, munasib ; tez-fahm, tez- 
Aptitude, s. qabiliyat, liyaqat, istiadad. 
Aqua-fortis, s. tez-ab. 
Aquatic, a. abi, daryaf. 
Aqueduct, s. nahr, muhri. 
Aquiline, a. tote-ki si nak. 
Arable, a. khet-ke laiq, ziraat-ke laiq. 
Arbiter, s. salis, munsif. [be-qaida. 

Arbitraiy, a. mukhtar-i-kul, zalim ; 
Arbitrate, v. salisi k. munsif i k. 
Arbitration, s. salisi, panchayat. 
Arbitrator, s. salis, munsif. 
Arbour, s. kunj, darakhton-ke saye-men 

nishast-gah. 

Arch, s. mihrab ; taq ; daire-ke hissa. 
Arch, a. zarif, latif, thathe-baz; (in 
i >.) sardar. [muqarrab. 

Archangel, .*. fhi-ishta buzurgwar, malak 
Archbishop, s. mujtahidon-kd sardar. 
Archdeacon, s. mujtahid-ka iiaib. 
Archduke, s. amir-i-azam. 
Arched, a. mihrab-dar. 

i-, s. tir-andaz, kaman-dar. 
Archery, s. tfr-andazi, kaman-kashf. 
Arclii|n-Iau:o, s. bahut jazira-dar darya ; 

i-a/.ii-on-ka jama. [rat. 

Arcliiicci, 8. miaimir, l>;nnia, mir-i-jma- 
Arcl]iic<'iiii-<-, s. miamari, ilm-i-jmarat. 
Archives, .<. (lai'iar, lawan'kli. 

, x. shiniaif, tarf-i-shimal. 

. khat-i-sliiinal. 
Ar.l.-nt, a. gann, t-z ; tund, slindfd, 

<!il-soz. [ha 

Ardour, >-. gnrmi ; s:, 'iil-sozi, 

Arduous, a. dnsli\v:ir, inushkil, sakht. 

Argue, v, bulis k. hujjat k. dalil k. 



Argument, s. bahs, hujjat, dalil. 
Argumentation, s. niza, munazaat, 

mujadila. [hujjati, takrari. 

Argumentative, a. hujjat-mand, kamil ; 
Arid, a. sukha, khushk, sokhta. 
Aridity, s. khushki, sukhai. 
Aries, s. burj-i-hamal. 
Aright, ad. durust, rast, rasti-se. 
Arise, v. uthna, charhna ; sadir h. a-jana, 

a-parna, hona ; hasil h. nikalna, 

paida h. 
Aristocracy, s. amiron-ki hukumat, 

saltanat raison-ki, jami umrao. [bat. 
Arithmetic, s. ilm-i-hisab, ilm-i-muha si- 
Arithmetician, s. hisab-dan, siyaqdan, 
Ark, s. Nuh-ki kishti ; tabut. [muhasib. 
Arm, s. bazu ; banh ; shakh ; khalij, kol, 

sota. [yai; bandhna. 

Arm, r. silah pahinna, musalla^li k. hath- 
Armistice, s. larai-ki miililgc^ 
Armlet, s. bazu-band ; khaiij, sota. 
Armory, s. silah-khana. [silah. 

Armour, s. baktar,jaushan,jubba, zirah, 
Armpit, s. bagal. [j an g- 

Arms, s. silah, hathyar, saz-banduq ; 
Army, s. lashkar, fauj. [muattsir. 

Aromatic, a. masala-dar ; khushbudar, 
Around, ad. aspas, gird-a-gird, liar- 

taraf. 

Arouse, v. jagana, uthana, chaunkana. 
Arrack, s. araq-sharab (yane tari, 

send hi, wagaira.) 
Arraign, v. ittiham k. baramad k. 
Arrange, . taiiiU d. BS^warna,intiznmk. 
Arrangement, s. tai-tib, intizain, s::j;i\vat. 
Array, s. poshak, libas ; saff, saff-i-jang. 
Array, o. poshak pahinna, ara^ia k. ; 

saff-arai k. 

Arrears, s. hirfb-i-baql, Im*;' 
Arrest, v. pakarn;i, ^ivil'i:ir k. 
Ari-ivai, 8. pahinicli, aniad, ana. 
Arrive. 0. |taliunchnM, ami, dakhil h. 
Arrogi' . ;ik hi. 

Arrogant, c. ina^rur, gustakh. 

. -uiliiMiq, (hnva k. 
Arrow, 8. t ir. 

Arsenal, a. silah-khana, top-khaua. 
Arsenic, s. zurnikh, hartal. 



ASS 



9 



ASS 



Art, s. hunar, fann, hikmat, hila ; hirfa, 
Arteiy, s. shiiyan, rag. [kam. 

Artful, a. hila-baz, aiyar ; hunarmand. 
Artfully, ad. fareb-so. 
Article, s. harf-i-tarif ya harf-i-tankir ; 

babut ; sliart ; bat ; raqam. 
Articulate, v. talaffuz k. makhraj k. 
Articulation, s. talaffuz, makhraj ; girah, 
pahvand. [hikmat. 

Artifice, s. hila, farcb, bahana ; fann, 
Artificer, 5. karigar, dastkar. 
Artificial, a. kasibi, amali, banawat-ka ; 

hunari ; naqli, jhutlta. 
Artilleiy, s. top-i-jama ; golandaz. 
Artisan, s. karigar, dastkar. [ka ustad. 
Ai'tist, s. hunarmand shakhs, kisi, fann- 
Artless, a. sada, bhola, be-fareb. 
As, c. jaisa, jis-tara, chun. 
Asafoetida, s. hing, anguza. 
Ascend, v. charhna, charh-jana, uthna. 
Ascendency, s. galaba, istila ; hukumat, 

qudrat. 

Ascension, s. uthna ; maraj-i-hazrat I'su. 
Ascent, s. charhao, bala ravi ; bulandi. 
Ascertain, v. tahqiq k. thahrana, muqar- 
Ascetic, s. zahid, abid. [rar k. 

Ascribe, v. nisbat d. mansub k. ; makh- 

sus k. dena, lagana. 
Ashamed, a. sharminda, sharm-sar. 
Ashes, s. khakistar, rakh. 
Ashore, ad. kinare-par, khushki-par. 

Aside, ad. ek-tarf, alag, alahida. 

Ask, v. puchhna, pursish k. mangna, 
talash k. 

Aslant, ad. tirchha, tirchhai-se, terha. 

Asleep, ad. sota hua, khufta. 

Aslope, ad. dhalu, dhal-se, mail. 

Asp, s. afai, balishtiya, siinp. 

Aspect, s. ru, chihra, surat, shakl, haiat. 

Asperity, s. durushtf, sakhti, khushiinat ; 
kharkharahat. 

Asperse, v. tuhmat lagana ; chhirakna. 

Aspersion, s. chhirkao ; tulimat, biilitan. 

Aspirate, v. ba-dam sarshar ya shiddat- 
se talaffuz k. [kamal arzu. 

Aspii-ation, s. ba-dam tamani talaffuz ; 

Aspire, v. arzu r. tak r. koshish k. 

Ass, s. gaddha, khar ; ahmaq. 



Assail, v. hamla k. hujum k. mubahisa k. 
Assailant,s.hamla-awar,hujum-kuninda. 
Assassin, s. qatil, khuiif, ghati. 
Assassinate, v. quit k. khun k. 
Assault, s. hamla, hujum, yurish. 
Assay, s. azmaish, imtihan, tajruba ; ayar 

ya iyar. [han k. 

Assay, v. ayar k. janchna, kasna ; imti- 
Assayer, s. ayar-gjr, janchne-wala. 
Assemblage, s. majlis, amboh, bhir. 
Assemble, v. jama k. jama h. faraham 

karna ya hona. [garoh. 

Assembly, s. majlis, mahfil, jamaat, 
Assent, v. razi h. qabul k. razamand h. 
Assent, s. raza, rajamandi, qabul. 
Assert, v. kahna, iqrar k. ; dawa k. 
Assertion, s. iqrar, qaul, kaha ; dawa. 
Assess, v. khiraj lagana, jamabandi k. 
Assessment, s. khiraj, jamabandi. 
Asseveration, s. qavi iqrar, qasam-se 

iqrar. 
Assiduity, s. mihnat, mashaqqat, taqai- 

yud, mulazamat. [zim. 

Assiduous, a. mihnati, mashgul, mula- 
Assign, v. thahrana, taaiyun k. muqarrar 

k. makhsus k. 

Assignation, s. mulaqat-ka iqi'ar. [dar. 
Assignee, s. naib, zimma-dar, taaiyun- 
Assimilation, s. muwafiqat, mushabahat. 
Assist, v. madad d. dast-giri k. 
Assistance, s. madad, pushti, yari. 
Assistant, s. madad-gar, dast-gir. 
Assizes, s. adalat. 

Associate, v. suhbat r. rifaqat k. rafiq h. 
Associate, s. sharik, rafiq. 
Association, s. rifaqat, sharakat ; itttfaq, 

ahd-o-paiman. 

Assort, v. tartib d. intizam k. sanwarna. 
Assortment, s. tartib ; majma-i-mal, 

muntakhab-i-mj'il. [aram d. 

Assuage, v. taskin d. takhfif d. thanda k. 
Assume, v. le-lena, ikhtiyar k. dawa k. 

damag k. fakhr k. [fakhi-. 

Assumption, s. akhz, ikhtiyar ; damagi, 
Assurance, s. tahqiq, yaqin ; iatibar, 

iatiqad ; dileri, taqwiyat ; tawaqqul ; 

shokhf, gustakhf ; bima. [fuz k. 

Assure, v. iqrar k. yaqm karana ; mah- 



ATT 



10 



AVA 



Assuredly, ad. albatta, yaqinan. 
Asterisk, s. nishan, nisliani. 
Astern, ad. pichhe jahaz-ke. [nafs. 
Asthma, s. dama, girifta-i-dam, ziq-un- 
Astonish, v. taajjub d. mutaajjib k. 

hairan k. [y ur - 

Astonishment, s. taajjub, hairat, tahai- 
Astray, ad. gum-rah, be-rah, bhatka. 
Astride, ad. sawar, panw phaila hua. 
Astringent, a. qabiz, samet-ki dawa. 
Astrolabe, s. usturlab. 
Astrologer, s. munajjim, nujumi. 
Astrology, s. ilm-i-nujum. 
Astronomer, s. hay at- dan. 
Astronomy, s. ilm-i-hayat. 
Asunder, ad. juda, alag. 
Asylum, s. panah, asra, panah-gah. 
At, pr. men, ko, par. 
Atheism, s. dahriyat, ilhad. 
Atheist, s. dahri, mulhid, zindiq. 
Athirst, ad. tishna, piyasa. 
Athletic, a. pahlawan, zor-mand. 
Athwart, ad. ara, tirchha. 
Atlas, s. naqshon-ki kitab ; atlas. 
Atmosphere, s. hawa, bad. 
Atom, s. zarra, shimma. 
At, once, ekbargi, yak-lakht. 
Atone, v. takffr k. kafara d. 
Atonement, s. takfir, kafara. 
Atrocious, a. bisyar, sharir, shadid. 
Atrocity, s. shararat, fasad-i-kabir. 
Attach, v, lagana ; giriftar k. ; mail k. 

gii-wida k. [ragbat. 

Attachment, s. giriftari ; muhabbat, 
Attack, s. hamla, hujum, yurish. 
Attack, v. hamla k. hujum k. 
Attain, v. hasil k. pana, milna. 
Attainable, a. yaftani, muyassar. 
Attainment, s. husul, iktisab ; kamnl-i- 
At.ictnpt, s. koshish, sa'i, qasd. [jlm. 
Attempt, v. koshish k. qasd k. sa'i d. 
Attend, v. hazir h. ; mutwajjih h. ; 

mashgul h. ; ham-rahj k. 
Attendance, s. hazir-bashi ; mulazimat, 

khidmat. [mulazirn, naukar. 

Attendant, s. hazir-bash ; khidir 
Attention, s. tawajja ; agai, lihaz, taqai- 
Attentive,a.mutawaijih, mashgul. |_yiul. 



Attest, v. gawahi d. shahidi d. 
Attestation, s. gawahi, shahadat. 
Attire, s. poshak, libas. 
Attire, v. pahinna, araish k. 
Attitude, s. waza, taur, dhaj. 
Attorney, s. wakil-i-adalat. [lubhana 
Attract, 17. khinchua, jazb k. farefta k 
Attraction, s. khinchao, jazb, kashish 

dil-farebf. [ruba, dil-bar 

Attractive, a. jazib, khinchne-wala ; dil- 
Attribute, s. wasf, sifat, khassiyat. 
Attribute, v. thahrana, nisbat lagana. 
Attrition, s. ragar, ghisao ; nidamat. 
Attune, v. sur milana, khush-awaz k. 
Auburn, a. mai-gun, bhura. 
Auction, s. nilam. 
Audacious, a. gustakh, be-adab. 
Audacity, s. gustakhi, be-adabi ; dileri. 
Audible, a. jo suna jae ; buland. [darbar. 
Audience, s. sunne-wala, ahl-i-majlis ; 
Auditor, s. sunne-wala, sami ; hisab-i- 

mushrif ; muhasib. 
Aught, p. kuchh, koi chiz. 
Augment, v. barhana, ziyada k. [ish. 
Augmentation, s. barhti, ziyadati, afza- 
Augur, v. shugun d. fal d. qiyas k. 
August, a. ali-shan, ali-qadr. 
August, s. Angrezi ka athwan mahina. 
Aunt, s. phuphi, khala, chachi, mumani, 

mami. 
Auricular, a. ba-gosh gufta, goslizad, 

kan-men-kahi. [tyar. 

Auspicious, a. maimum, mubarak, bakh- 
Austere, a. sakht, durusht, zisht. 
Austerity, s. sakhti, durushti, riyazat. 
Authentic, a. sahih, tahqfq, muatabar. 
Authenticity, s. sihhat, haqiqat, durusti. 
Author, s. bani ; musannif. 
Authoritative; a. ba-hukiimat, mustaqil. 
Authority, s. hukumat, qudrat, ikhtiyar. 
Authorize, v. qudrat d. mukhtar k. 

ikhtiyar d. 

Automaton, s. alat-i-khud rawan. 
Autumn, s. khi/.iin, kliarif. 
Auxiliary, a. madad-gar, muavin. 
Avail, 7'. k;un ana, i'aida h. 
Avaihible, v. faidamand ; yaftani. 
Avarice, s. liirs, bakhili, lalucli, tunia. 



BAG 



11 



BAN 



Avaricious, a. tami, bakhil, lalachi. 
A vaunt, int. dur ho, chala-ja. 
Avenge, v. intiqam lena, badla lena. 
'Avenue, s. rah darakhton-ke darmiyan ; 
Aver, v. iqrar k. kahna. [naka, ravish. 
'Averse, a. na-raz, mukhalif, bezar. 
Aversion, s. nafrat, karahat ; nasazi. 
Avert, v. dafa k. dur k. baz rakhna. 
Aviary, s. chiriya-khana. 
Avidity, s. tama, ragbat, shauq. 
Avocation, s. kam, shugl, pesha. 
Avoid, v. parhez k. ek taraf jana. 
Avow, v. iqrar k. qabul k. 
Avowal, s. iqrar, qabul, tahqiq, izhar. 
Await, v. muntazir r. rahdekhna, rahna. 
Awake, v. jagna, jagana, bedar hona ya 
Award, v. fatwa d. infisal k. [karna. 
Aware, a. agah, waqif. [jao. 

Away, ad. dur, gair-hazir ; int. chale- 
Awe, s. haibat, khauf, dahshat. 
Awful, a. haibat-nak, haul-nak. 
Awhile, ad. thora arsa, chand muddat. 
Awkward, a. anari, be-saz, be-waquf. 
Awl, .s. sutarf, darosh. 
Awning, s. shamiyana, sayaban. 
Awry, ad. tirchha, tera, kaj. 
Axe, s. kulhari, tesha, tabar. 
Axle, s. dhuri, tir-i-charkha. 
Axis, s. qutb, mihwar. 
Ay, ad. han ; yaqm ; albatta. 
Aye, ad. hamesha, mudam. 
Azimuth, s. alsamat. 
Azure, a. asmani, nil-gun. 



B. 



Babble, v. bakna, barbarana. 
Babbler, s. bakwa, behuda-go. 
Babe, s. bachcha, shir-khora. 
Baboon, s. langur, hanuman. 
Bachelor, s. mujarrad, na-katkhuda. 
Back, s. pith, pusht. 
Back, ad. pher, baz. 
Backbite, v. chugli khana, chugulkhori k. 
Backbiter, s. chugul-khor, gammaz. 
Backslider, s.mardud, murtadd, munkir. 
Backward, a. na-raz, ru-gardan, kashi- 
da, sust. 



Backwards, ad. pichhe, dar-pas ; ulta. 
Bacon, s. suar-ka nimkfn gosht. 
Bad, a. bura, bad, kharab, sharir ; bimar. 
Badge, s. alamat, nishan, chapras. 
Badger, s. bijii, shugur. 
Badly, ad. bad tarah-se, be-tarah. [zati. 
Badness, s. badl, burai kharabi, bad- 
Baffle, v. mahrum k. ghabrana,befaidak. 
Bag, s. thaila, thaili, kisa, hamiyani ; 
Baggage, s. asbab, saman, rakht. [tora. 
Bagpipe, s. shahna, nesha. 
Bail, s. zamini, zamin. 
Bailable, a. laiq-i-zarnini. 
Bailiff, s. sazawal, dastaki. 
Bait, s. chara, toama. 
Bait, v. chara rakhna ; ghas dana d. ; 
Baize, s. pattu. [hulkarna. 

Bake, v. tanur-men pakana. 
Baker, s. nan-bai. 
Balance, s. tarazu, mizan ; baqi. 
Balance, v. wazn k. pasang k. ; wasil- 

baqi k. tamsil k. 

Balcony, s. baramada, shahnishin. 
Bald, a. ganja, chandla, kal ; nalatif. 
Baldness, s. ganj, chandlai. 
Bale, s. gathar, basta. 
Bale, v. jahaz se pani nikalna ; ulichna. 
Baleful, a. bad-bakht, malul. 
Balk, v. mahrum k. na-ummed k. 
Ball, s. gola, goli ; nach. 
Ballad, s. gina, git. 

Ballast, s. jahaz ko qaim rakhne-ka bojh. 
Balloon, s. burj-i-kagazi ya reshmi. 
Ballot, s. qura. 

Balm, s. balsan ; badrang boya. [khush. 
Balmy, a. khush-bo, muattar, narm, 
Balsam, s. raugan-i-balsan, balsan. 
Balustrade, s. kathara, kathghara. 
Bamboo, s. bans. 

Band, s. band, patti ; garoh, taifa. 
Bandage, s. band, patti. 
Banditti, s. taifa-e-duzdan, lutere, qaz- 
Bandy, a. terha, banka. [zaq. 

Bandy, v. idhar udhar phenkna ; bat k. 
Bane, s. zahr, bikh ; nuqsan, tabah. 
Baneful, ad. zahr-dar; nuqsani, muhalik. 
Bang, v. pitna, marna. 
Banish, v. jala watan k. nikal d. kharij k. 



BAR 



12 



BEA 



Banishment, s. jala-watan, ikhraj. 
Bank, s. kiiiara ; bandh, pushta ', toda j 

char; sarraf-khana. 
Banker, .s. sarraf, kothi-wala. 
Bankrupt, 8. dewaliya. 
Bankruptcy, s. dewala. 
Banner, s. nishan, alam, jhanda. [bazm. 
Banquet, s. ziyafat, mihmani ; mahnl, 
Banter, v. thattha k. maskhara h. ma- 
Bantling, s. bachcha. [zakh k. 
Baptism, .s. gota-khori, istibag. 
Baptize, r. gota d. dubana, istibag k. 
Bar, v. bill! lagana ; rokna, sadd k. 
Bar, .s. billi ; mana, muzahimat ; int ; 

char. [khar. 

Barb, s. ghora ; tir-ka khar, bansi-ka 
Barbarian, s. jangli, jahil ; ajami. 
Barbarity, s. be-rahmi, durushti. 
Barbarous, o,. jahil ; ajami ; be-rahm, 

be-dard. [dar. 

Barbed, a. jaushun-dar ; khar-dar, aukrf- 
Barber, s. nai, hajjam. 
Bard, s. shair, bhat. 
Bare, a. nanga, barahns ; muflis ; sirf, 

khali ; sada, mundla ; be-barg. 
Barefaced, a. be-haya, gustakh. 
Barely, <"'. sirf, t'jujai : mushkil-se. 
Bargain, s. shart, ahd ; khaiid-farokht ; 

sauda. 

Bargain, r. ahd k. ; qimat thahrana. 
Barge, s. bajra ; kishti. 
Bark, 8- chlial, ]>ost, chhota jahaz. 
B.-u-k, v. bhauiikna; chhal utarna. 
Barley, s. jau. 
Barleycorn, s. jau-ka dana. 
Bann, .s. kliamir. 

Barn, N. kliinnan, ambar, khaliyan. 
meter, f. liawa dcklmc-ko alat. 

i ;iniinm-ka darja ; amir. 
.rmiron-ka iiu-lia 

I'.arrnck, N. sipaliikliana, chliaoni. [darja. 
I'arr -uil, nali. 

Barren, a. slu >r, kallar ; biinjh ; be sa- 

inai-; kiiin-xilin. [ kani-zihui. 

IIiirivniH-ss, s. shoriyat; l)aiijliiluin ; 
Barricade, . mli, nalu-bandi, 

sadd. 

.1-injl ; 



Barrister, s. adalat-ka wakil. 
Barrow, s. hath-gari ; tila. 
Barter, s. mubadala, adla badla. 
Barter, v. mubadala k. ; adla badla k. 
Base, a. dun, zalil, kamfna. 
Base, s. btinyad, neo ; khaij, bam. 
Baseness, s. haqarat, nakasf, kaminagi 

badzatf. 

Bashful, a. sharmsar, sharmgin. 
Basilisk, s. afai, zahrdar sanp. 
Basin, s. basan, tas ; hauz, talab. 
Basis, s. bunyad, jar, mul. 
Bask, v. tapna, dhup khaua. 
Basket, s. tokra, tokri, pitara. 
Bass, a. kharj, bam. 
Bastard, s. haramzada, waladuz .zina. 
Baste, v. pitna, marna ; charbi se chu- 
Bastinado, s. chhari-semar, zarb. [parna. 
Bastion, s. burj, damdama. 
Bat, s. chamgadar ; shab-para ; chob. 
Batch, s. thok, gathar, hissa. 
Bate, v. ghatana, kam k. chhorna. 
Bath, s. gusl-khana, hammam. 
Bathe, v. gusl k. iiahtma. 
Battalion, s. paltan, sipahion-ka guroh. 
Batter, v. marna, dhana, gira d. 
Battery, s. morcha, damdama. 
Battle, s. laraj, jang. 
Battlement, s. fasil, kangni-a. 
Bawl, v. pukarna, cliillana. 
Bay, s. khalij, khari ; taj daraklit. 
Bay, a. kumait, sui'ang. 
Bayonet, .^. sangjn. 
Be, v. hona, ralnia. 
Beach, s. daiya-kinara, lab-i-daiya. 
Beacon, s. nislu'ni, alainat ; manarat. 
Bead, s. dana, shiba. 
Beak, s. chom-li, msnq&r. 
Beam, s. shah-n'r, kari, taraziiki daudij 
Beam, c. jtartau dalna. 

. loljiya, pliali, scin. 
Bear, 8. rirhli, bh;i!u, khirs. 

v. le-jana, bardasliL k. 
tahamniul k. ; rakhna; h 
,i-lii, risli. 

. <. liainnr.il, nintiya, kahu:'. 
Beast, 9. hai\vau, jainvar. 
v, a. galiz, niukruh. 



BEH 



13 



BES 



Beat, r. mama, pitna; fatah k. ; dham- 
Beatinir, - s '- ninr-j.it ; x.ad-o-kob. [kana. 
Beau, .>. banka, aintlioklnin. 
Beaver, .-'. lid-bilsio, sag-abi ; topi. 
Beautiful, a. khubsiirut, liasin. 
Beautifully, <'</. kluibsurat i-se, aclu-blii 
Beautify, r. arasta k. zob d. [tarah-se. 
Beauty, s. khubsurati, husn, jamal ; 

nazm'u aurat. 

Brcause, c. is liye, is waste, zera ki. 
Beckon, f. ish'ira k. ima k. [hona. 

.10, v. mutabiq h. laiq h. ; ho-jana, 
Becoming, a. inunasib, laiq; khushnuma. 
Bed, . biehhauiia,bistar,palang; keyari, 

cliamaii; nala. 
Bedaub, r. aluda k. lepna. 
Bedding, . biclihauna, farsh. 
Bedeck, c. anisra k. sajana. 
Bedew, r. tar k. iiairmak k. 
Bedrid, a. sahib-i-bistar, jo kamzori-se 

bichliauiie-par liainesha rahta. 

lead, 5. palang, charpae. 
Bee, s. shahd-ki makhi, zambur. 
Beef, *\ gao-gosht. 
Beer, s. boza. 
Beet, *\ chuqundar. 
Beetle, s. gubrila, gubrauta. 
Befall, v. waqi h. a-parna, guzarna. 
Befit, r. munasib h. laiq h. [pesh. 

Before, pr. age, peshtar, pahle, qabl, dar- 
Beforehand,a'i.au\valan;age-se,peslitar. 
Befriend, v. dastgiri k. yari k. madad k. 
Beg, r. bhikh mangna ; iltimas k. 
Beget, v. paida k. muwallad k. janana. 
Beggar, s. faqir, bhikharf. 
Beggary, s. faqiri, muflisi, be-nawaf. 
Begin, r. shui'u k. ibtida k. agaz k. 
Beginning, s. shurvi, ibtida, agaz. 
Begone, int. dur ho ! chale-jao. 
Beguile, v. fareb d. bahlana, wargalanna. 
Behalf, s. haqq-men, waste, khatir, Kye. 
Behave, f. chal-chalna, suluk k. 
Behavioui', s. chalan, raviya, suluk 

tarfq, taur. 

Behead, v. sir katna, gardan marna. 
Behind, pr. pichhe, pichliware, dar-pas, 

dar-aqab. 
Behold, v. dekhna, nazar k. nigah k, 



Behold, int. dekho ! 

Being, s. hasti wajud ; mutanaffis. 

jelabour, /. nuirua, pjtua. 

3elch, r. dakarua; arog k. 

3elie, v. jhutalna. 

Belief, 5. bawar, jtibar, ftiqad ; iman, din. 

Relieve, v. bawar k. jtiqad k. yaqm 

jauiia. 

Believer, s. muataqidd, iman-dar. 
Bell, 5. ghanta ; zaiigiila. 
Belle, s. nazniu aurat. 
Bellow, v. dakarna, pukarna. 
Bellows, s. dhaunkni, dama. 
Belly, ^. pet, shikam. 
Bell-metal, s. kansa, rom. 
Belong, v. mutaalliq h. taalluq rakhna. 
Beloved, a. mahbub, niashuq aziz. 
Below, ad. niche, tale, zer. 
Belt, s. kamarband, dq-al, dii-ali. 
Bench, s. takhta ; chauki ; adalat. 
Bend, v. terha k. kham k. kaj k. 
khenchna; lagana, rakhna; nihurana, 
dabana ; terha h. nihurna. 
Beneath, pr. niche, tale ; na-laiq. 
Benediction, s. dua, barakat, ashirbad. 
Benefaction, s. karamat, ihsan, bakh- 
shish, [i-nimat. 
Benefactor, s. karim, mukhaiyir, wali- 
Beneficence, s.faiyazf, nekokari, fazilat, 

njmat. 

Beneficent, a. faiyaz, nekokar, karim. 
Beneficial, a. mufid, sud-mand, faidei- 
Benefit, s. faida, nimat, ihsan. [mand. 
Benevolence, s. khair-khwahf, khair- 
andeshi, shafaqat. [shaffq. 

Benevolent, . khair-khwah, mihrban, 
Benighted, a. shab-rasida ; tariki-men 

giriftar hua. 

Benign, a. mihrban, karim, halim. 
Benignity, 8. mihrbani, karam, shafaqat. 
Bent, a. terha, kaj ; ruju, mail. 
Benumb, v. be-hosh k. sun k. 
Bequeath, v. de-marna, wasiyat-se dena. 
Bequest, s. hiba, wasiyat-se bakhshish ; 
Bereave, v. le-lena, malu'uin k. [wuqi'. 
Berry, s. dana, habba, phal. 
Beseech, v. iltiiaas k. iitijak. 
darkhwast k. 



BIL 



14 



BLA 



Beseem, v. munasib h. laiq h. 

Beset, v. gherna, gird k. [siwa. 

Beside, pr. nazdik, qarib, kinare ; alawa, 

Besiege, v. muhasara k. ihata k. 

Besmear, v. maila k. aluda k. 

Besom, s. jharu, buharu. 

Bespangle, v. afshan k. 

Bespatter, v, chhit-cUlna ; aib lagana. 

Bespeak, v. kah-rakhna, farmaish kar d. 

izhar k. batlana. 

Besprinkle, v. chhirakna, pash k. 
Best, a. sab-se achchha, achchhe-se ach- 
Bestir, v. qasd k. mustaidd k. [chha. 
Bestow, v. dena, ata k. bakhshish k. ; 
Bet, s. shart, girau, hor. [lagana. 

Betake, v. jana ; mutawajjih h. masruf h. 

mashgul h. 

Betel, s. pan, tambol ; nut, supari. 
Bethink, v. fikr k. yad k. 
Betide, v. a-parna, guzarna, waqi h. 
Betimes, ad. sawere; bar-waqt, bar- 

mahal. 
Betray, v. dagabazi k. pakarwa d. be- 

wafai k. parda-dari k. dikhlana,batana. 
Betroth, v. mansub k. nisbat k . mangni k. 
Better, a. bihtar, achchha, bhala. 
Between, pr. bich-men, darmiyan. 
Beverage, s. sharbat, shurb. 
Bewail, v. afsos k. nala-o-zari k. 
Beware, v. khabardiir r. parhez k. 
Bewilder, v. guinrah k. ghabrana. 
Beyond, pr. pare, nstarafj bahar ; pesh- 

tar, ziyada, siwa. 
Bias, s. ruju, mail. 
Bias, v. mail k. ragib k. 
Bible, s. kitab-i-muqaddas. 
Bibulous, a. lialka-pulka ; jazib, abkash. 
Bicker, v. chlicr-chliar k. khana-jangi k. 
Bid, v. hukm d. farmana, batana. 

. nuiiia, t;ih;iniiMul k. 
Biennial, . do-salu, hur-do sala, 
. jana/.a, tabut. 
i',:r:i, !!i'.t:i, jasim ; haniila. 

, : qadr. 
Bigot, .. niutaassib, taassubi. 

:-\\ 8. laassui). 
Bile*, s. ]>it, sat'ra ; phora, dummal. 

S; u. suirai, zurd-adi ; gamunizoj. 



Bill, s. chonch, minqar ; dao ; hisab 

dastawez, tamassuk ; ishtihar. 
Bill of exchange, hunch', barat. 
Bill of parcels, bijak, siyaha. 
Bill of sale, bainamah. 
Billet, s. chitthi, ruqqa ; chaila, kunda. 
Billiards, s. anta-khel, kura-bazi. 
Billion, s. kharb. 
Billow, s. mauj, lahar. 
Bin, s. kothri, anbar-khana. 
Bind, v. bandhna, kasna; shart-se-bandh- 

na, band-o-bast k. ; munqabiz k. ; 

jild bandhna ; over, hazir-zamini d. 
Binding, s. band ; jild-bandi, jild. 
Biographer, s. muwarrikh, naqil. 
Biography, s. naql, tazkira. 
Biped, s. dopaya. 

Bird, s. chiriya, parinda, murg, tair. 
Birdcatcher, s. chin-mar, saiyad. 
Birdlime, s, lasa, chep. [khandan. 

Birth, s. paidaish, tawallud, janam ; asl, 
Birthday, s. janam-din, sal-girih. 
Birthplace, s. watan-i-asli, maulid. 
Birthright, s. haqq-i-wiladat, miras. 
Biscuit, s. kk, sakht rotf. 
Bisect, v. do tukre k. tansif k. 
Bishop, s. mujtahid, ipisquf. 
Bit, s. tnkra, zarra, reza ; lagam ka 
Bitch, s. kutiya. [dahana ; luqma. 

Bite, v. dant-katna, dant marna ; dasna ; 
Bite, s. kat, gaziiulati) : fareb. [tez h. 
Bitter, a. karwa, talkh ; sakht. 
Jiiticrncss, s. karwahut, talkhf ; sakhtf, 

shiddat. 

Bitumen, s. naftah, qafr-ul-yahud. 
Black, a. bala, siyah ; gamgin ; makruh, 
Blacken, v. kala k. ; aib lagana. [shai-ir. 
Blackguard, s. shuhda, bad-maash. 
Blackish, a. kala-sa. 
Blacksmith, s. loli;ii-, :i hangar. 
Bladder, N. nias;iiia, jiliukna. 
Hhulo, .v. patia : ]>hal, phalli, banka. 
Blame, .-. il/.ain. jiialainat, aib. [ish k. 
Blame, v. ilzam d. maltimat il. sarzuu- 
Blanicable, a. taqsir-wav, mu 
BlamdeBB, a. be-qusur, be-gunah. 
Blanch, c. snfaid k. xard k. chhilzia. 
Bland, a. uarm, mulaiin. 



BLO 



15 



BOM 



Blandishment, s. n:'r/._, nawnzish* 
Blank, f. khali, sada, sufaid ; verse, 

11; i /m gair-Timqafta. 
Blanket, s. kanimal, kainli, gili'm. 
Blaspheme, r. kufV bakna. 
Blasphemy, s. kufr, kufr-goi. 
Blast, x. jlioka, jhakkar ; awaz. 
Blast, ?. barbad k. ; garat k. 
Blaze, if. bhubuka, shuala. 
Bln/e, v. bharakna, sliuala k. ; ishtihar k. 
Bleach, v. nikharna, ujla k. sufaid k. 
Bleak, a. bnrid, thanda, sard. 
Blear-eyed, a, chundha. 
Bleat, v. mimiyana. 
Bleed, v. lahu-jana ; fasd kholna. 
Blemish, s. dag ; aib, jirm. 
Blend, v. milana, amez k. shamil k. 
Bless, v. dua d. barakat d. mubarak k. 

bakhtyar k. 

Blessing, ,. dua-i-khair, barakat. 
Blight, s. hardf'i, arqan. [bad k. 

Blight, r. kumhlana, pazhmurda k. bar- 
Blind, a. andha, na-bina : andhera. 
Blind, v. andha k. na-bina k. 
Blind, s. parda, patti. [bandhna. 

Blindfold, v. ankh niuudaura k. cliashm 
Blindness, s. andhlai, na-binai, kori ; 

jahalat. 

Blink, v. ank michniichana ; chundha h. 
Bliss, s. farhat, saadat, mubaraki. 
Blissful, a. masud, farhat-nak, mubarak. 
Blister, s. phaphola, abila. 
Blithe, a. khush-o-khurrarn, khush-dil. 
Bloat, v. phulana, phul jana, bhablirana. 
Block, 5. kunda, chatan ; ahmaq. 
Block, v. band k. gherna, muhasara k. 
Blockade, s. muhasara, nake-bandi. 
Blockhead, s. be-waquf, ahmaq. 
Blood, s. lahu, khiin; nasab, nizhad, 

khandan, zat. 
Bloodshed, ^. khun-rezf. 
Bloody, a. khunin, khun-aluda, khun- 

khwar. 

Bloom, s. phul, shigufa ; naa-jawani, 
Bloom, v. phulna, khilna. [unfuwan. 
Blooming, a. phulon-ka bhara hua ; 

nau jawan. 
Blossom, s. phul, shigufa, kali. 

B 2 



Blossom, v. phulna, khilna. 
Blot, s. dag, chhi t ; aib, n;imus. 
Blow, .?. gliunsa, zarb ; sadma, chot. 
Blow, v. chalnn, chalana ; pluinkna ; 

hanpna ; bajana ; phulna j kliilna ; 

out, phunk-dena. 
Bludgeon, s. sonta, chob, lathi. 
Blue, a. nfla, nil-gun, asmani rang. 
Blunder, ,<?. gal at, khata, bhiil. 
Blunder, v. galat k. chukna, bhulna. 
Blunderbuss, s. damanak, banduq. 
Blunt, a. kund, be-ab na-latif, bad- 

libaz;sada. [am. 

Bluntly, ad. be-imtiyazf-se, nashinas- 
Bluntness, s. kundi ; be-imtiyazi. 
Blush, v. khajil h. sharm-se tamtamana. 
Blush, s. khijlat. 
Bluster, v. garajna ; laf-zani k. 
Boar, s. suar, khuk-nar. 
Board, s. takhta, takhti : majlis ; adalat ; 

khorak ; on board, jahaz-par. 
Board, v. patna, takhte bichhana ; jahaz- 
par ba-zor charhna ; kisi-ki sath khaya 

piya k. 

Boast, s. laf-zani, tafakhur. 
Boast, v. laf-zani k. fakhar k. dam mar- 
Boat, s. nao, kishti. [na. 
Boatman, s. manjhi, dandi, mallah. 
Bode, v. shugun d. dalalat k. 
Bodily, a. jismani, badan-ka ; zati, asli. 
Bodkin, s. chhonchi, sua. [firqa. 
Body, s. badan, jism ; shakhs ; guroh, 
Bog, s. daldal, dhasan. [w;is k. 
Boggle, v. pas-o-pesh r. jhajhakna, was- 
Boil, v. ubalna, ubalna, josh dena ya 

khana, khaulna ; pakana ; garm h. 
Boil, s. phora, dummal. 
Boiler, s. deg, khum, karah. 
Boisterous, a. tund, tez, shadi'd. 
Bold, a. bahadur, diler, janbaz. 
Boldness, s. bahaduri, dilerf, jurat. 
Bolster, s. taiya, balish. 
Bolt, s. bill], benda ; gaj, bajr. 
Bolt, v. billi lagana. 
Bomb, s. gubare-ka gola. 
Bombard, v. gubara chalana. 
Bombardment, s. gubara, chalai. 
Bombast, s. mubalaga, laf-zani. 



BOW 



16 



ERE 



Bond, s. band, zanjir j ilaqa, rishta ; 

taraassuk, dastawez. 
Bondage, s. asiri, bandagi, golami. 
Bondman, s. golara, mamluk, baiida. 
JBondsman, s. zaniin, kafil. 
Bone, s. haddf, ustukhwan. 
Bonfire, s. alao ; atash-bazi. 
Bonnet, s. kulah, topi. 
Bonny, a. khubsurat, hasin. 
Bony, a. ustukhwan-dar, haddi'-dar ; 
Booby, s. ahmaq, ullu. [qavi, zorawar. 
Book, s. kitab ; kitab-ka bab. 
Bookbinder, s. jild-gar, sahhaf. 
Bookkeeping, s. hisab-kitab. 
Boom, s. badban-ka tir ; top ki dankar. 
Boon, s. bakhshish, inam : dua. 
Boor, s. ganwar, dihqani. 

Boot, s. moza, charmi. 

To Boot, alawa, ba-faida, muft. 
Booth, s. khaima, jhompru. 

Booty, s. ganimat, lut. 

Borax, s. sohaga, tinkar, buraq. 

Border, s. kinara, daman ; siwana, hadd, 
sarhadd. 

Bore, s. surakh, mkhna ; ban, hnmma. 

Bore, v. surakh k. chhedna ; khJjaua. 

Borer, s. barma, minqab. 

Horn, a. paicia hua, zada, jana. 

Borrow, v. qarz lena, ariyat lena. 

Bosom, s. chhati, sina ; dil. 

Botanic, a. nabati. 

Botany, s. ilm-i-nabatat. 

Both, a. dono, har-do ; sath. 

Bottle, *. shisha, (jaraba. 

Bottom, s. tala, t;tli tali, pain ; bunyad, 
bun ; daini; kun, dubur. 

Bottomless, a. be-tuli, a.iriini. 

P,ou<_rli, .-'. shakh, dal, chili'. 

Bounce, r. kiidna, lapakna. 

Bound, r. kiidna, jast k. ; Iiadd baiidlinii. 

Hi.iin-J, .s-. kiid, jast ; hadd, sai-liadd. 

Boundary, .s. hadd, sarhadd. ! n 

Boundless, a. be-hadd. ! -p,i\:ui, bc- 
: !i. iaiya/, kan'ni. 

Bounty, A-. i'ai/., ImkliHlii.-.!:. 

Bo\r, s. rialarn, kornish. 

; c. jhuLiiii,', ua.vaiu', klmiu k. 



Bowels, s. antriyan ; rahm. 
Bower, s. kunj, darakht-i-stan. 
Bowl, s. piyala, jam, kasa. 
Bowman, s. kaman-dar, tir-andaz. 
Box, s. sanduq, sanduqcha ; dibiya ; 

ghusa, tamacha 

Box, v. ghusa marna, tamacha mania. 
Boy, 5. chhokra, larka, kodak. 
Boyhood, s. larka-pan, tufiiliyat. [juft. 
Brace, s. band, bandhan, patti ; jcra, 
Brace, v. bandhna, kasna ; sakcrna. 
Bracelet, s. churf, pahunchi, bazii-band. 
Bracket, s. istada, thekan ; nishan. 
Brackish, a. khara, lona, shor. 
Brag, v. laf-zani k. kalla-zani k. 
Braid, s. jali, lari. 
Braid, v. gundhna, bunna, baf k. 
Brain, s. magz, damag. 
Brains, s. fahni, aql. 
Bramble, s. khar, khardar jhari. 
Bran, s. chokar, bhusi. 
Branch, s. dal, dali, shakh ; khal, sota ; 

uasl, aulad. 

Brand, s. dag, harf sokhta luktf, luka. 
Brand, v. dagua, dag lagana, harf lauaiui. 
Brandish, v. bhanjna, phirana, c'lnau- 
Brandy, s. brandi-sharab. [kaua- 

Brasier, s. kascra, thathera. 
Bi-ass, s. pital biranj ; be-hayai. 
Brat, s. chhokra, launda. 
Mruvadc, s. dhamki, laf-zani. [fazil. 
Brave, a. bahadur, dilc>r, janbaz ; k; 
Bravely, ad. bahadurana, dilawiu uuu : 

shanfana. 

Bravery, s. bahaduri, dileri, jawanmardi. 
Bi-a\o, int. shali;ish, ;iiViu. 
15ra\vl, s. jhagra, gauga, gnlgapara. 
Brawl, r. jhairra k. gul mat-! ... 
Brawh-r, .s\ jha.uTalii, takrarf. 
Brawn, s. suar-k:i ^usht : [>ai, pattha. 
Bray, V. ivnkiui ; kutiui. 

:i,it.pitli, birauji ; giistakh,bfhaya. 
'.:, 8. ilanir, siii-at', 
nuif';ii-av|a:. otftq. 
Bn-ad, 8. n ti, ruin ; klmrak : ro/.i. 

;h, ,s\ c-haurai, pahnai, a;v. ; pat. 

. k. 
.-.! L. 



BEI 



17 



BRU 



Break, .*. tut, phut, phigrif: harakai, 

rook ; of (/(<//, i;;rka, bimr. 
Breaker, ?. torno-wala ; ruauj. 
Breakfast, .*. h;/ri, nashta. 
. ,-\ chhati, sina : dil. 
]>;"'n-t;>;at:\ ,<. elu'.pras ; chiirama, jubba. 
Breath, 5. dam, nafs, sans ; Jan. 
Brrnthe, v. dam lena, jma ; phunkna. 
Breathless, a. be-dain, be-jan. 
Breech, 5. chutar, pichha ; kunda. 
Breeches, .. pae-jama, izar. 
Breed, r paida k. janaua : bya.na ; nasl 

barhana, palna, parwarish k. tarbivat 
Breed, s. zat, nasl, qism ; aulad. [k. 
Breeding, a. tarbiyat, talfm ; parwarish. 
Breeze, s. nasi'm, saba, bad. 
Bretliren, s. bhaion, biradaron. 
Brevity, .'. iklitisar, kotahi. 
Brew, r. boza-kashi k. sharab banana ; 

bandhna, tadbir k. 
Brewer, s. boza-kash, boza-gar. 
Bribe, ,?. rishwat, ghus. 
Biibe, t\ rishwat d. 
Briek, 5. int, mta, khisht. 
Brickbat, 5. rora, mt-ka tukra. 
Brickdust, s. surkhi. 
Brickkiln, s. pazawa. 
Bricklayer, .. 7-az, raj, banna. 
Bridal, a. biyah ka, arusi. 
Bride, 5. ariis, dulhan. 
Bridegroom, s. naushah, dulha. 
Bridge, 5. pul, jisr ; bansa. 
Bridle, 5. lagam, inan. 
Brief, a. mukhtasar, kotah. [gnlab. 
Brier, ?. katila per ; sweet , khardar 
Brigade, .. dasta, turnan, kampu. 
Brigand, 5. rah-zan, qazzaq, dkait. 
Bright, a. raushan, saf, ujla ; tezfahm. 
Brighten, v. raushan k. jila k. jhalkana. 
Bi-ighniess, s. raushani, abdari, chamka- 
Brilliancy, 5. tabdari, raushani. [hat. 
Brilliant, a. janhardar, tabdar, chamkila. 
Brim, .. kinara, lab. 
Brimstone, s. gandliak, gogird. 
Brindled, a. ablaq,lahariya. 
Brine, 5. ab-shor, lona pani ; ansu. 
Bring, r. lana ; le-ana ; amal k. ; paida k. 

janna ; karna ; mail k. 



Brink, f. kinfirn, knrara, lab. 

J?i'isk, a. chust, chalak, tez. 

I'riski't, .. jamvar-ka sfnn. 

Briskness, 9. chusti, chalaki. 

Bristle, s. suai'-ka bal. 

Britain, s. mulk Angrezf. 

British, a. Angrezf, Angrozi-bana. 

Briton, .9. shakhs-i-Angr(v,. 

Brittle, a. na/uk, tunak, bank. 

Broach, r. salna, kholna : izhar k. 

Broad, a. chaura, pahna, ariz ; baran 

klmlfisa, saf: puch, fahish. 
Broadcloth, s. banat. 
Broadness, s. chanraf, pahnai, arz. 
Broadsword, ^. teg, chaura talwar. 
Brocade, s. kim-khwab, zarbaft. 
Bi'occoli, .. qism-i-kobi. 
Broil, s jhagra, qazij^a. 
Broil, v. bhunna, kabab k. garm k. 
Bi-oken, a. tuta, phuta, shikasta. 
Bi-oker, s. dallal. 

Bronchocele, s. ghengha, khunaq. 
Bronze, s. pital, birinj. 
Brooch, t . zewar, gahna. 
Brood, s. bachche, jliol, nasl. 
Brood, v. sewna ; fikr k. andesha k. 
Brook, s. nala, jo'e, nahr. 
Broom, .<?. jharu, buhari; bute-ki qism. 
Broth, s. shorba. 
Brothel, ^. kasbi-khana. 
Brother, .9. bhaf, biradar. 
Brotherhood, s. bhai-chara, biradari. 
Brother-in-law, .<?. sala-, bahnoi. 
Brotherly, a. biradarana, bhai-sa. 
Brow, 5. abru, bhaun ; peshanf : kinara. 
Browbeat, v. dabkana, dhamkana. 
Brown, a. gandumi-rang, bhura. 
Browse, r. charna, chugna. 
Bruise, s. chot, kv.chlahat. 
Bruise, v. kuchalna, kutna. 
Braising, s. ghusan-ghasa, mushtzanf. 
Bruit, r. mashhur k. zahir k. 
Brunette, s. sanwli aurat. 
Bnmt, s. sadina, dhakka, zarb. 
Brush, s. kunchi ; hujum. 
Brush, v. kunchi marna, jharna : ahiste 

h'rrna : daurna. 
Brushwood, s. jhari, jharbuta. 



BUR 



18 



BY 



Brutal, a. haiwani, wahshi ; durusht, 

be-rahm; sang-dil. 

Brutality, s.haiwani,be-rahmi, durushti. 
Brute,s.haiwan.janwar; be-rahm shakhs. 
Brutish, a. haiwan-asa, be-muruwat. 
Bubble, s. habab, bulbula j khiyal-i- 
Buck, s harna, him. [kham. 

Bucket, s. dol, dolcha, dolchi. 
Buckle, s. baksua, chapras. 
Buckler, s. dhal, sipar. 
Buckram, s. gond-dar, jama, mom -jama. 
Bud, s. konpal, kali, shigufa, guucha. 
Bud,v. kaliyana,shigufa k.; qalarniagana. 
Budge, v. hatna, sarakna, jana. 
Budgerow, s. bajia, kishti. 
Budget, s. kisa, thailf, punji. 
Buff, s. chamra ; zard rang-ki qism. 
Buifalo, s. bhairisa, bliains, gaumesh. 
Buffet, v. mukke mama, musht marna. 
Buffoon, s. maskhara, thathol. 
Buffooneiy, s. maskharapan, thatholi. 
Bug, s. khatmal, sas. 
Bugbear, s. haulnak, khiyal. 
Bu";le, s. ) . , , ' ,, . , 

Buglehorn, 9 . } turli1 ' ^^ ransul S a - 
Buggy, s. ek ghoro-ki gari. 
Build, v, banana, tamir k. j rakhna. 
Builder, s. raz, miamar. 
Building, 5. imarat, bina. 
Bulb, s. ganth, girih, piyaz. [aksar. 
Bulk, s. motai, barai ; andaza ; jamhui 1 , 
Bulky, a. mota, bars, jasim. 
Bull, s. sand, andu-bail, nar-gao ; galat. 
Bull-dog, s. pahlawan-kutta, sag-i-azim. 
Bullet", ,-. goli, gola. 
Bullion, s. chandi-sona. 
Bullock, s. bail. 

Bully, s. sheklu-baz, danga-baz. 
Bulrush, s. mothe-ki bari qism. 
Bulwark, .v. binj, marhala. 
liuni}),.'- 1 . \vai-i;i, pii.iIjiM; unikki, thappar. 
Hunch, . gucliclili;t, klmslia, 
Bundle, 5. g:it!irf, I/;.-! a, buqchu. 

,,i'i k. baiulhim. 
er, 8. n;i-;i/.imiila-kar, khamdust. 
-ur-iiiuiui. 

ln'.lka, shinab, tirau. 
Bur, s. khar-ka [>hu!. 



Burden, s. bojh, bhar ; khiraj ; ranj. 
Burden, v. bojh rakhna, zerbar k. ; zuhn 
Burdensome, a. sakht, bhari. [k. 

Bureau, s. likhne-kialmari; daftarkhana- 
Burglary, s. naqb-zani, sendh. 
Burial, s. dafan, tadfiin. 
Burial-ground, s. qabr-istan. 
Burlesque, s. bazla, mazakh, khilli. 
Burn, v. jalana, ag lagaiia ; dagna, jalna, 

garm h. ; gussa h. ; ashiq h. mast h. 
Burn, s. jalne-ka zakhm. 
Burning, s. jalan, soz, sozish. 
Burning-glass, s. atashi-shisha. [manjna- 
Burnish, v. jhalkana, jila d. saiqal k. 
Burrow, v. bil khodna, surakh k. 
Burrow, s. khargosh-ka bil. 
Burst, -y.phutna 3 phatna, tutna, tarakiia. 
Burthen, s. bojh, bhar. [chaii h. 

Bury, v. dafan k. madfun k. garua. 
Bush, s. jhar, jhari ; shakh. 
Bushel, s. gehun-ka andaza. 
Busily, ad. chaiaki-se, ba-chustf. 
Business, s. kani,karobar, pesha,matlab, 

niuiimala. 

Bust, s. nim-surat, adh-murat. 
Bustard, s. jangli murg-ki qism. 
Bustle, s. daur-dhup, dhum-dham. 
Busy, a. mashgul, masruf. 
But, c. lekin, par, magar, siwa, balki. 
Butcher, s. qassab, qasaj. 
Butcher, -v. halal k. qatl k. kliun k. 
Butler, s. khansaman, mirsuman. 
Butt, s. nishan, hadaf ; sukhra. 
Butt, v. takkar marna, takrana. 
Butter, s. makhan, mask a. 
Butterfly, s. titan', parwana. 
Buttermilk, s. chhachh, matha, dog. 
Buttock, s. chutar, surin. 
Button, s. tukma, gbundi. [pli;aida. 
Buttonhole, s. halqa-e-tukma, ghuiidi-La 
Buttress, s. push t a. 
Buxom, a. shokli, ran^ila, khushtaba. 
Buy, v. mol lena, kharid k. 
Bu//., ". bhin-bhinaii;]. 



By, i-. si', \n\, \vasilc : i>ii 

By mid li\-, Od. dyiii-bliaf-iiirn, (iitUuT. 

By degrees, ahiate-ahiste, rafia-ruttu. 



CAL 



10 



CAP 



By no moans, nahm, hargiz nahm. 
By-path, By-way, ,-. ]K!U(l:indi. 
By-staudcr, s. shahid, sakhi. 
By-word, s. kahawat, masal. 

C. 

Cabal, s. sazish, bandish. 
Cabbage, s. kobi, karamkalla. [biisa. 
Cabin, ?. jhompra ; jahaz-ki kotlvn, da- 
Cabinet, s. kliahvut-khana; diwankhass; 
Cable, s. langar-ka rassa, lahas.[almarj. 
Cackle, v. karkarana, khilkhilana. 
Cadence, s. tarazu-e-kalam ; lai, lahja, 
Cadet,s. ummedAvar ; chhota bhai [ilhan. 
Cage, s. pinjra, qafs. 
Cajole, v. phuslana, damd. khushamad k. 
Cake, s. nan-khatai, kuh'cha, shir-mal. 
Calamitous, a. bad-bakht, pareshan. 
Calamity, s. afat, musibat. 
Calcine, v. khakistar k. kushta k. 
Calculate, v. hisab k. shumar k. ginna ; 

aiidaza k. [takhmma. 

Calculation, s. hisab, shumar, andaza, 
Caldron, s. deg, karahi, handa. 
Calendar, s. taqwim, patra. 
Calender, v. kundi k. mulira k. [i-snq. 
Calf, s. bachhra, bachhiya; pfndli, ghost- 
Caliber, s. topya bandiiq-ki muhri, nali. 
Calico, 5. clihint, suti kapra. [k. 

Calk, v. gahna, kala-patti k. darz-bandi 
Call, v. nam rakhna ; bulana, pukama ; 

mulaqat k. ; talab k. 
Call, s. pukar, bulawa ; talab. 
Calling, s. pesha, hirfa, kasb. [be-dard. 
Callous, a. sakht, ghatila ; sang-dil, 
Callousness,s. sakhti, sang-dilf,be-dardi. 
Callow, a. be-bal-o-par, lunda. 
Calm, a. sakin, asiida, thir. 
Calm, v. sakin k. task in d. aram d. 

tasalli k. thanda k. 
Calm, s. taskin-i-darya ; asudagf. 
Calmly, ad. muli'.imat-se, tahammul-se. 
Calmness, s. asiidagi, rahat, tahammul. 
Calomel, 5. pare-ka kushta. 
Calorific, a.garmkarne-wala,mutaharrir. 
Calumniate, v.tuhniatlagana, badnam d. 
Calumny, s. tuhmat, ittihani, badnam. 
Calve, v. byana. 



Cabr, s. khakistar, tameswar. 
Cambric, s. chandeli, mahin katan. 
Camel, *. uut, shutur. 
Camcra-obscura, s. taswir dekhne-fca 
Camp, s. urdu, lashkar-gah. [alat. 

Campaign^ jnaidan; g-haza, safar-i-jang. 
Camphor, s. kafur, kapiir. 
Can, v. sakna ; qabil h. 
Can, s. piyala ; qaraba ; kulhiya. 
Canal, s. nahr, khal. 
Canary, s. gawaiye chirye-ki qism. 
Cancel, v. khatt khinchna, mansukh k. 

metna. [bui^j-i-sartin. 

Cancer, s. kekra, sartan, hazar-chashma; 
Candid, a. sufed, saf, saf-dil, sadiq, 

sachcha. [waqqi. 

Candidate, s. ummedwar, talib, muta- 
Candidly, ad. safai-se, mukhlis-ana. 
Candle, s. batti, shama. 
Candlestick, s. shama-dan. 
Candour, s. safni, saf-dilf, sadaqat. 
Candy, v. pakna, murabba k. 
Cane, s. bet, chhari ; ukh, naishakar. 
Canine, a. kuttasa, sag-asa, kalbi. 
Canister, s. sanduqcha, dibba. 
Canker, s. kira ; chitti ; ghao. 
Cannibal, s. adam-khor. 
Cannon, s. top. [golandazi k. 

Cannonade, v. topenchalana,golemarna, 
Cannot, v. na sakna. 
Canoe, s. donga, dengi. 
Canon, s. qanuii, ain. [chhatgi'rf. 

Canopy, s. sayaban, chhatr, shamiyana ; 
Cant, s. makr-ki bat, charb-zabani. 
Canton, s. zila, parganna. 
Cantonment, s. chhaoni, lashkar-gah. 
Canvass, s. wilayati tt, kirmiz. 
Canvass, v. chhanna; tahqiq k. 
Cap, s. topi, kulah, taj. 
Capable, a. qabil, laiq. [wasf. 

Capacious, a. kushada, fasih, farakh, 
Capaciousness, s. kusliadagi, farakhi, 

wasat. [istitlad. 

Capacity, s. samao, gunjaish ; qabliyat, 
Cape, s. ras, nok-dar zamm ; gareban. 
Caper, s. dna, tonti ; kud, Isiph. 
Capital, a. asli, mutlaq, sadr, auwal; 

wajib-ul-qatl. 



CAR 



20 



CAU 



Capital, s. sar-maya, maya, punji ; asl ; 

dar-us-saltanat, rajdhani. 
Capitulation, s. qaulqarar, ahd-o-paiman. 
Caprice, s. wahm, khain-khiyali, talaw- 

wun-mizajf. 

Capricious, a. talawwun-mizaj, be-qarar. 
Capricorn, s. burj-i-jadi, makar. 
Captain, s. sardar, sar-guroh; na-khoda. 
Captious, a. hujjati, takrari, chirchira. 
Captivate, v. farefta k. mohna. 
Captive, s. asir, qaidi, bancli. 
Captivity, s. asi'ri, giriftari, qaid. 
Captor, s. pakarne-wala, girinda. 
Car, s. gari, araba. 
Caravan, s. qafila, karwan. 
Caravansera, s. sarae, karwansarae. 
Caraway, 5. ajmud, zira-i-rumi. 
Carbuncle,s. shab-chirag ; muhasa ; ghao. 
Carcass, s. lash, murda ; gubara. 
Card, s. ruqa, waraq; ganjifa, tas. 
Card, v. dhunna. 
Cardamom, s. ilaechi, qaqula. 
Cardinal, a. asli, mutlaq, auwal, azim. 
Cardinal points, s. atraf-i-jahan. [ihtiyat. 
Care, s. filer, andesha ; hawala, hifazat ; 
Care, v. fikr k. andesha k. ; muhafizat k. 
Career, s. daur, rawan. [nak. 

Careful, a. khabar-dar, hoshyar, andesh- 
Carefully, ad. khabardari-se. 
Carefulness, s. khabardarf, fikrmandi. 
Careless, a. gafil, bo-kliabar, be-fikr. 
Carelessness, s. gafili, bc-khabari. 
Caress, v. nawazisli k. n;'iz k. piyar k. 
Cargo, s. bar-i-jahaz, bojh. 
Carious, a. bosida, sara. 
Carmine, s. niyahat, surkh rang, qirmiz. 
Carnage, s. qatl, muqatala, kliunrc/i. 
Carnal, a. jismanf, ii;il's;ini, shnlnvati. 
Carnivorous, a. gosht-klior, dai-inda. 
Carol, .s. khush, sarod, nagma. 
Carouse, v. sharab pina, hadmasti k. 
Carp, v. aib-gfri k. nukta-cliini k. 
Carpenter, .<?. barliai, najjat-, da rod -gar. 
Carpet, s. farsh, dai-i, shati-auji, (|a!i. 
Carriage, s. gari ; barljardari ; wa/a, 



Carrier, .s\ lianinu'd, Timtliiya : '/:\ri\\ an. 
Carrion, s. murdar, lash, sara gosht. 



Can-ot, s. gajar, zardak. 

Carry, v. lejana, haml k. ; kama, kam 

nikalna, amal k. chalana, nibahna ; 

chiil chalna, ra\dya rakhna. 
Cart, s. gari, chhakra. 
Carter, s. gariwan. 
Cartridge, 5. tonta, kartus. 
Carve, v. tarashna, katna, khodna. 
Cascade, s. ab-shar, jharna, chadar. 
Case, s. gilaf, miyan ; sanduqcha ; juz- 

dan ; hal, htilat. 

Case, v. gilaf-men rakhna, dhampna. 
Casement, s. khirkf, jharoka. 
Cash, s. naqd, rupiye, paise. 
Cashier, s. fota-dar, khazanchi. 
Cashier, v. bartaraf k. mazul k. 
Cask, s. pfpa. 

Casket, ?. sanduqcha, dibba, dan. 
Cast, v. phenkna, dalna ; dhalna ; jharna, 

utarna ; chhitrana ; barkhilaf insaf k. ; 

tarkib ]agana ; hisab k. fikr k. 
Cast, s. phenk, andakht, tappa ; dhal ; 

gamza, kaj-bini ; qalib, namuna. 
Caste, s. zat, qaum. 
Castigation, s. saza, tazfr. 
Castle, s. qila, hissar, kot. 
Castor-oil, s. arand-ka tel. 
Castrate, v. khasi k. khoja k. 
Casual, a. ittifaqf, arizf. 
Casualty, s. ariza, ittifaq ; afat. 
Cat, s. billi, billa, gurba. 
Catalogue, s. fihrist, siyaha. 
Cataract, s. ab-sliar, jliarna, chadar. 
Catarrh, s. nazla, zukam, sardi. 
Catastrophe, s. 4qibat, bad-anjam, afat. 
Catch, v. pakarna, pakar-lena, giritt-lena. 
Catechism, s. sawal-o-jawab. 
Category, 5. jins, daija ; lialat, 
Caterpillar, *. kini, kamla, jhs'mjha. 
Cati; 1 ut, .s. tant. 
Cathartic, <i . jnllab ; mus'hil. 
Cathedral, x. a/ini girja- 
Cailiolic, a. aiiiini, kull ; qatulki, riimi. 
Cattle, s. gae-gorii, dangnr, mawashi. 
Caudle, x. achlnv:uii, tian'ra. 
C:nd, .<. jliilf, jali, pct-ka ]>arda. 
Caiililluwrr, >, |)liu!-kol)f. 
Causal, a. mujid, musabbib, faili. 



CEE 



21 



CHA 



Uause, .s. sabab, bais, jihat, wajh, wasta ; 

muqaddama. 

Bruise, r karana, karna, paida k. 
Causeless, a. be-sabab, na-haqq. 

.v.iy, s. uneha sarak, kharanja. 
Caustic, s. tezab, hadd dawa, muqarrih. 
Cautery, .*. ds, gul, soz. 
Cauterize, r. dag d. gul d. jalana. 
iaution, ^. kliabardari, ihtiyat ; zamin. 
Cautious, a. khabardar, hoshyar. 
Cavalcade, s. suwan, jilau. 
Cavalier, s. sawar, mir-zada. [risala. 
Cavalry, s. turksawar-an, sawaron-ka 
3ave, Cavern, s. gar, khoh, gupha. 
3avil, r. harf-giri k. nuktachim k. aib- 
Davity, s. garha, jauf ; gar. [giri k. 

Daw, v. kan-kan k. 

yease,t'. baz-raklina, chhorna, manquf k. 
Ceaseless, a. daim, mudam, lagatar. 
3edar, ^. sarv, saro. [taslim k. 

3ede, v. de-denn, chhorna ; hawala k. 
Ceiling, s. chliat, saqf. 
Delebrate,r. tarif k.mashhurk. ;rachana. 
Celebrated, a. namwar, mashliur. 
Celebration, 5. zikr-i-azim, tazim, tarif ; 
Celebrity, s nnmwan, shuhrat.[ifa, ada. 
Uelerity, 6:. chustf, jaldi, shitabi. 
Uelery, 5. ajwaen khorasani. 
Celestial, a. asmanf, biliisliti, jannati. 
Delibacy, s. mujarradi, na-katkhodai. 
Dell, s. kothri, hujra. 
Jellar, s. tah-khana, sharab-knana. 
Dement, s. rekhta, gach ; saresh. 
Dement, v. jorna, milana, paiwand k. 
Denser, s. dhup-dan. [chiptana. 

Densor, s. mulitasib. 
Censorious, a. aib-jo, harf-gfr. 
Censurable, a. ilzam-ke laiq, bad. 
Censure, s. ilzam, malamat. 
Censure, v. ilzam d. malamat d. 
Cent, s. sau, sad, saikra ; paisa. 
Centipede, s. kankhajura, hazar paya. 
Central, a. bich-ka, darmiyaiii. 
Centre, s. darmiyan, bich, markaz. 
Centuple, a. sau-guna, sad-chand. 
Centurion, s. siiba-dar. 
Century, s. sau baras, sad sal. 
Cere-cloth, s. mom-jama. 



Ceremonial, s. rasm, shaukat. 
Ceremonious, a. takalluff; takallaf mizaj. 
Ceremony, s. takalluf, adab ; rasm, 

sliaukat. [fulan, baze, koi. 

Certain, a. muqarrar, be-shaqq, yaqin ; 
Certainly, ad. albatta, be-shaqq. 
Certainty, s. yaqini, taliqiq, taqarrur, 

sachchai ; muqan-ar chiz. 
Certificate, s. sanad, chitthi. [sabit k. 
Certify, v. muttali k. muqarrar k. agah k. 
Cerulean, s. asmani-rang. 
Cessation, s. tawaqquf, muhlat faragat. 
Cession, s. de-dalna, taslim. [khisiyana. 
Chafe, v. malnji, malish k. khijana, 
Chaff, s. bhusi, phokar, sabus. 
Chagrin, s. khafagi, ran), azurdagi. 
Cliain, s. zanjir, silsila. 
Chain, v. zanjir-se-bandhna. 
Chair, s. kursi, chaukf. 
Chairman, s. mir-majlis. 
Chaise, s. gari, sej-gari. 
Chaldron, s. koile-ka paimana. 
Chalice, s. piyala, argha. 
Chalk, s. khan mitti, khariya.[mangna. 
Challenge, v. larai mangna ; dawa k. ; 
Challenge, s. jang-joi : dawn, talab. 
Chamber, s. kamra, kothri, khana ; ko- 
Chamberlain, s. hajib ; nazir. [thi. 

Chameleon, s. girgit, bu-qalamun.[mai. 
Champaign, s. maiclan, sahra ; qism-i- 
Champion, s. pahlawan, bahadur, janga- 
Chance, s. qismat, nasib, ittifaq. [war. 
Chance, v. waqi h. ittifaq h. 
Chancel, s. girja-ka haram. 
Chancellor, s. sardar-qfizi,sadr-ns-sudur. 
Chancery, s. sadar, adalat. 
Chandelier, s. battion ka jhar. 
Chandler, s. batti-saz ya farosh. 
Change, s. tabdil, badli, tagaiwur ; paisa. 
Change, v. badal k. badal dalna, tabdil k. 
Changeable, a. mutalauwin, talawun- 

taba, beqarar. [i-darya. 

Channel, s. rud-khana, nala; khari; tang- 
Chant, v. ilhan-se parhna, sarod k. 
Chaos, s. alam-i-haiyulani. 
Chapel, s. ibadat-khana, mabid. 
Chaplain, s. padrj. 
Chaplct, s. sihra ; tasbih. 



CHE 



CHO 



Chapter, 5. bab, fasl. [itibar ; shakhs. 
Character, s.harf ; sifat, khassiyat ; nam, 
Characteristic, a. jo khassiyat batlata. 
Characterize, v. khassiyat bayan k. 
Charcoal, s. koela, zugal. 
Charge, s. hawala, sipurd ; hukm, far- 

man. ; tuhammat, ilzam ; kharch j 

hanila, hujum ; bhara. 
Charge, v. sipurd k. ; hukm k. farman 

d. takid k. tuhammat lagana ; kharch 

k. ; hamla k. ; bharna, bojh d. 
Charger, s. qab, tasht ; asp-i-jang. 
Chariot, s. gan, araba. 
Charioteer, s. gan-wan, araba-ran. 
Charitable, a. mukhaiyar, sakhi ; khair- 

khwah. 

Charity,s. khairat ; khair-khwahi,faiyazi. 
Charm, v. farefta k. jadu k. nawazish k. 
Charm, s. jadu ; tawiz, tilism ; nawaz. 
Charmer, s. jadugar ; dil-bar. 
Charming, a. dil-chasp, dil-ruba. 
Chart, s. naqsha lab-i-darya ka. 
Charter, s. sanad, ahd-nama. 
Chase, v. khedna, ragedna, pichhe daur- 

na ; shikar k. ; hankna ; tarashna. 
Chase, s, shikar ; said ; pairavi, taaqub, 
Chasm, s. darz, darar, shigaf. [raged. 
Chaste, a. pak-daman, pakiza, pai>a. 
Chastise, v. saza d. tambih k. 
Chastmement, s. saza, tambih. [sai. 
Chastity, 5. pak-damani, pakizagi, par- 
Chat, s. bat-chit, gut'toicu. 
Chatter, v. chirchirana, tentenk.; bakna, 

bakbak k. ; bajna, pisna. 
Chattels, s. asbab, chizbast, mal.[qadar. 
Cheap, a. sasta, arzan, kam-(jimat, be- 
C'hcapen, v. sasta k. inol ghatiina. 

vness, s. sastai, arzani. [makksu-. 
Cheat, .. TM.'ikr, d:i^:i, I'arcb ; dagab;iz, 
Cheat, v. fareb k. dagabazi k. thagna. 
Check, s. rok, zabt, mu/ahamat ; tfp. 
Check, r. rokiui, /ahr k. ; datna. 
f'hcck, x. gal, niklisar, ai-i/. 
Ch'-ci', (?. kliush k. ta>all) d. ; hulkania. 
Cheer, .-'. khurraitii ; kliusli nara. 

;'ijl, a.^dah-mizij^^hnrram, 

ully, <i,l. khuslii-si-, Hhadniaiui; 
ba-sar o-chaaluu. 



Cheerfulness, s. khush-mizaJ!', khurrami 
Cheerless, a. na-khush, udas. 
Cheese, s. panir. 
Cheesecake, s. qism-i-mfthaf. 
Chequer, v. do-rangi k. abri k. 
Cherish, v. palna, parwarish k. 
Cherisher, s. plne-wala, parwar. 
Cherub, s. karrubi. 
Cherry, s. alu-balu, shah-dana. 
Chess, s. shatranj. 
Chest, s. sanduq ; chhati, sina. 
Chestnut, s. shah-balut. 
Chew, v. chabna, chabana ; gaur k. 
Chicane, s. hila-hawala, lait-o-lal. 
Chicken, s, chingni, chuza. 
Chicken-hearted, a. dar-pokna. 
Chide, v. dantna, jhirakiia, zijr k. 
Chief, a. auwal,muqaddam,sardar,bara. 
Chief, s. sardar, rais, sharif. 
Chiefly, ad. auwalan, khususan, aksar. 
Chilblain, 5. biwai. 
Child, s. bachcha, larka, tifl, pisar. 
Childbirth, s. jaima ; dard-i-zih. 
Childhood, s. larkapan, tufiiliyat. 
Childish, a. larkasn, tifl-mizaj, nadan. 
Childishness, s. tifl-mizaji ; nadrini. 
Childless, a. la-walad, be-farzand. 
Chill, a. thanda, sard, barid. 
Chilliness, s. sardi, thandi. 
Chime, s. tal, tal-mel, thankar, hama- 
hang ; gajar. [hain-wazn h. 

Chime, v. tal d. ektal h. harnahang h. 
Chimera, .s. Avahm, kliam-kliiyal. 
Chimerical, ". Avahnu', ki.iyali. 
Chimney, s. dud-kash, dhua'n-rah. 
Chin, s. thuddi, zaiiakh. 
Clunk, x. darz, chhed, shig.-'if. 
Chink, v. chlianchliaiiana, jhaujliaiiiiiKu 
Chintz, s. chhint. 
Chip, x. chhipti, tukra, ]>:ira. 
Chiromancy, x. saiundi-ik, ramal. 
Chii-p, v. ohnragnft, ohirohirana, rez k. 
Chisel, x. lukhani, cldifiii. 
Chit, x. bach. -ha, till : cliitthi. 
Chit-char, x. b:'ii-cliit, gap-simp. 
Choice, x. ikhtivar, in; :nid. 

Chi.io-.''. kh;iss:i. nai'is,! ulit'a. 
Choir, x. gawaiyun-ku ta'ii'a. 



CIR 



23 



CLA 



hoke, ?. galti irhontna yd dubana ; dam 

band k. ; band k. 

holer, .-. pit, sat'ni ; gnssa, khafagi. 
hok'ra, x. hai/a-bimari. 
uolerio, a. gussa-war, tund, tmidmizaj. 
sc, r. pasand k. chuima, ikhtiyar k. 
hop, v. ek chot-se katna ; tukra tukra k. 
bop, s. dali ; boti. 

lioral,i'.^awaiyon-ketaife-kemutaalliq. 
aord, s. tar, roda. 
horister, s. gawaiya. 
liorus, .^-. gawaiyon-ka taifa ; jawabf. 
hosen, a. pasandida, chuna g'aya, maq- 
lirist, s. Khodawand Tsu Masih. [bul. 
hrisilan, s. fsmvf, masihi, nasarani. 
hristiaiiity^-.diiil'smvij'suwijmazliab. 
liristmas, >\ Masili-kf paidaish-ka dia. 
hronic, a. der-pa, muzmin. 
lii-onicle, ,". tawarikh. 
ba^onology, s. ihn-i-tawarikh. 
hiysolite, s. zabarjad, yaqut. 
hrystal, s. bilaur. 
huckle, v. hansna ; kntkntana. 
hurcL, ,s. gii'ja, kalisa ; jamaat. 
Imrch-yard, s. qabristan. 
hurl, s. ganwar, dihqani ; bakhil. 
hum, v. mathna, biloiia. 
hum, s. mathaniya, mihani. 
hyle, s. kailiis, ras. 
hymist, s. kimiya-gar, ahl-i-kimiya. 
hymistrj r , s. kimiya, ilm-i-kimiya. 
Ider, ,''. seb-ki sliarab. 
inder, 6\ koela, angara. 
innabar, s. shacgarf, mgur. 
inuamon, s. dalchmi, darchmi. 
ipher, 5. sifr, sunna ; ramznavisf. 
ipher, v. hisab k. [majlis. 

ircle, s. daira, halqa, ghera ; jamaat, 
ircuit, s. gardish, daur ; ihata. 
ircular, a. gol, mudauwar. 
irculate, v. gardish k. ghumna, daurna ; 

ghumaiia, chalana, phirana. 
ircnlation, 5. gardish, dauran, ghumao. 
ircumcision, s. khatna, sunnat. 
ircumfereiice, . gird, gher, ghera, daira. 
ircumjacent, a. mutassil, qarib, nazdik, 

a spas. [laf/i. 

ircunilocution, s. tul-kalam, gardish-i- 



Circumscribe, v. gher k. hadd bandlma. 
Circumspect, a. khabai'dar, hoshyar, 

chaukas. [ihtiyat. 

Circumspection, s. khabardan, hosln an', 
Circumstance, s. halat, kaifiyat, wuqu. 
Circumstantial, a. mufassal, wazih. 
Circumstantiate, v. mufassal bayan k, 

haqiqat-i-hal kahna. 
Circumvent, v. fareb k. dhokha d. 
Circumvention, s. fareb, makr, dhokha. 
Circumvolution, 5. gardish, ghumao, 
Circus, . akhara, jaulan-gah. [dauran. 
Cistern, s. hauz, chah-bachcha. 
Citadel, s. qila, garh. 
Cite, v. talab k. ilam k. 
Citizen, s. shahri, ahl-i-shahr. 
Citron, s. turanj, karna. 
City, s. shahr, nagar, abad. 
Civet, s. mushk ; zabad. 
Civil, a. mulki, diwani ; khaliq, sahib-i- 

adab, sahib-i-suluk. 
Civil-court, s. adalat diwanf. 
Civilian, s. amil-pesha, ahl-i-qalam. 
Civility, s. khulq, akhlaq, suluk, adab. 
Civilize, I'.tarbiyat k. talfm k. shaistak. 
Civil-law, diwani-ka ain. 
Civilly, ad. akhlaq-se, adab-se. 
Civil-war,?, khana-jangf, apas-men laraf, 
Claim, s. dawa, istihqaq, darkhwast. 
Claim, v. dawa k. darkhwast k. 
Claimant, s. muddai, dawe-dar, dad- 
Clamber, v. charna, sawar h. [khwah. 
Clamminess, s. laslasahat. 
Clammy, a. lasdar, laslasa, chipchipa. 
Clamour, s. shor, gul, gauga, dhum. 
Clamour, v. pukarna. 
Clamp, s. pattar, takhta. 
Clan, s. qaum, firqa, khandan. 
Clandestine, a. poshida, chhipi. 
Clandestinely, ad. chup-chupate. 
Clang, 5. kari awaz, khatakhat. 
Clap, s. khatka ; karak ; tali ; sozak. 
Clap, r. zarb k. lagana, tali bajana. 
Clapper, s. ghante ka latkan. 
Claret, s. lal-sharab. 
Clarify, v. saf k. mail chantna. 
Clarion, s. karna, turhf, biiq. 
Clash, s. takkar, zarb, jhanjhkar. 



CLO 



24 



COB 



Clash, v. jhanjhanana ; zidd k. 
Clasp, r. bagal-giri k. 
Clasp, s. bagal-giri ; ankrj. 
Class, s. darja ; qism, naua ; jamaat. 
Classic, s. mutabar, mnsannif. 
Classification, s. intizam. 
IT, ,?. kharkharahat. 
Clatter, v. kharkharana, thakthakana. 
Clause, s. fiqra, jumla ; shart. 
Clavicle, s. hanslf. 
Claw, s. nakhun, changul, panja. 
Claw, v. kharoclma, panje marna. 
Clay, s. gil, chikni mitthi. 
Clean, a. saf, pak, ujla. 
Cleanse, r. saf k. pak k. ujlana. 
Clear, a. shaffaf ; saf; zahir : khaf : azad. 
Clear, r. srif k. zahir k. ; suljhana : muaf 

k. mubarra k. ; cliir k. sarkana ; utha d. 
Clearance, s. nikasi-ki chitthi. 
Clearly, ad. saf, zahirana, safaf-se. 
Clearness, s. shaffafi, safai, ujlai. 
Clear-sighted, a. durandesh. 
Cleave, v. laga-rahna, chimta-ralma ; 

chirna, pharna. 

Cleaver, s. qasai-ka kulhari, bugda. 
Cleft, s. darar, darz, chak. 
Cleft, a. phara hua. 
Cloinoncy, s. rahni, shafqat. 
Clement, a. hali'm, gafur. 
Clench, r. niuttlii-incn ])akp.rna. [log. 
Clergy, s. khndiman-i-di'n Mnsilu ; pdri 
inanv^.khadim-i-dinMasiliiipiHln. 
Clerical, n. k-liaditnon-k;, padrfon-ka. 
Clerk, .9. navfsaiula, inuhai-rir. 
Clever, n. rliahik, tc/.-l'alni), lioshvnr. 
Clew, .<?. pcchak, goli : rahbari dalalat. 
Client, .?. nnnvakkil, munib. 
Clilf, >\ j)nliar-k;i palih'i, kliara paliar. 
Climate, .. ab-o-h;nva, iqlnn, sar/amin. 
Climb, r. charlnia, s;nvar h. 
C'liii'^, ?. latra-raliiin, lipatiul. 
Clink, 1 1 . jlianj!iaii:'in;i, tliantlian;ma. 
Clip,v. kalai-iui, I; ;it n :'..!:; ,>!,!] a. ghatiMia. 
Clipping, .f. kataran, ohh^Qt. baln'ma. 
. x. f:!'-i:ii]. l:i!i;i'l:.. ;,:ti-;uil ; }>ar<la. 

Cloak, 7\ (llifiinpiiM. chhipana. 
Clock, .<?. gliari, 
Clockmakor, s. ghari-saz. 



Clod, .'. rthela, dhima ; ahmaq. 

Clog, s. bojh, atkao, mana ; kharanw. 

Cloister, s. hujra, gosha, takiya ; mih- 

rabdar rah. 
Close, r. band k. paiwand k. taim'im k. 

khatm k. ; milana, jorna. 
Close, s. akliir, tamamf ; bnrbandha khet. 
Close, a. band ; mahsur ; tang ; pni % , 

mila, lags ; qarib, nazdik ; mukhtasar ; 

khamosh ; bakhil ; ghana, kasif. 
Closeness, s kotahi, tangi ; qurb, naz- 

diki ; gnnjani : kasafat, khamsahat. 
Closet, s. khalwat-khana. 
Cloth, s. kapra, parclia : dastarkhwan. 
Clothe, r. ka]ira pahnana orhana, jioshi- 
Clothes, s. kapre, poshak, lil)as. [da k. 
Cloud, s. abr, badal, badli, nv:r. 
Cloudiness, s. badlf, meg-dari, tariki. 
Cloudy, a. abr-numa, nieg-dar, ghn.n- 

ghor, dhundhla. 

Clout, s. paiwand, jor ; latta, safi ; Ian- 
Clove, s. laung, qarnaful ; pothf. 
Cloven, a. shigafta, ])liar;i liiia ; klmrf- 
Clover, 5. ghas-ka qism. [dar 

Clown,s. ganwar, dihqani, betann'/iklmi. 
Clownish, a. ganwaru, na-tarashidaJ 
Cloy, v. ser k. aghana. [betamiaj 

Club, s. sonta, chob ; majlis, januiat. 
Cluck, v. kutkutana. 
Clump, s. kunda : jhund. 
Clumsy, a. bc-saii (l ;i, nnnrf, badwaza. 
Cluster, .9. klioslia, -jU'-iiclili:i. 
Clutch, ,<?. girifr, jiakar, qabz. 
Coach, s char paliiyc-ki giiri. 
Coach-hire, x. g:'iri-k:i baani. 
Coachman, .'. :r;'tri-wan. 
Coadjutor, .s\ raf'i'q, sharik, Patlif. 

nnjamid k. 

Coagulation, s. jai:ri\v;u, injiinad. 
Coal, s. kocla, pat t hav-ka kochi. 
Coalesce, ''. iniiiia. ]i:;i\vasta h. 

Coalition, .-. qai-:tl)at, dosti. na- 
. >i. niolM : b<>-<l:tiil, ]i;i-!:u;. 
Coast,s.sanininla?--ka kinanv. lalt-i- 
Coat, .. ki -| : :ril:if. 

. ]>h n-^1; :'in:i, Ivil: I. 
ler, .. c-liiiinar, kal'sh-doz. 



COL 



25 



COM 



Cobweb, 5. makri-ka jala. 

Cochineal, ^. qinniz, kirm-dana. [dbcri. 

s. jnui-ir : tonti ; banduq-kghora; 

Cockade, .-'. tile yd paron-ka gucbchha. 

-.kle, i - . gbongba ; qism-i-sip. 
Cockroach, y. tel-chatta. 
Cock's-comb, .*. taj-i-khurus, kes. 
Cocoanut, i>\ nariyal, narjil. 
'od, i. machhli-ki qism. 

s. aimm-ka majmua. 
Codicil, if. wasiyat-n&me-ki tatimma. 
loequal, u. ham-sar, ham-qadr. 
Coerce, v. zabt k. zer k. bazor karana. 
nal, a. ham-daimi, bam-abadi. 
i. a.bam-asr, bam-umr, bam-waqt. 
tent, a. ham-zat. 
oli'ee, i.-. qabwa, bun. 
- . sandiiq, petf. 
s. tab lit, kai'n. 

ouvney, s. zor, quwat, istiqrar. 
t, or. qawi, zariir, ustmvar. 
:tion, s. fikr, andesha, ganr. [laiq. 
j-nizable, a. abl-i-adalat-ke sunne-ke 
Cognizance, s. baz-khwast, tahqiqat. 

uiliit, v, ham-khana b. bam-bistarh. 
Cohabitation, .--. ham-subbat), bam-bis- 
Coheir, *. ham-waris. [tari. 

Cohere, v. chaspidab. paiwastab. milna. 
Coherence, s. cbaspidagi, paiwastagi, 
illiat}. [\vafiq, tbik. 

Coherent, a. chaspida, munjamid ; mu- 
Dobesion, 5. see Coberence. 
Cohesive, a. chipcbipa, las-dar,cbaspida. 

. shor-o-gul ; halqa. 
!oiii, s. sikka, zarb : paisa, naqd. 

ge, $. sikka-zani, zaii-abi : sikka. 
Coincide, v. rnmvah'q b. mutabiq b. 
milna. [mel. 

'. lence, s. muwafaqat, mutabaqat, 
Cold, a. tbanda, sard ; sust ; be-pai'\va. 
Cold, .5-. tband, sardi, jara, zukam, nazla. 
"loldly, ad. gaflat-se, be-parwai-se. 
Joldness, s. thandai, sardi ; be-iltifati. 
Colic, if. qulinj, baosiil. [ban. 

a', gulii-band, patta, tauq ; gare- 
Collate, v. rauqabala k. milana. 
Collateral, a. pablii ba pablu ; bam-jaddf. 
Colleague; . . 



Collect, v. jama k. ikattha k. tahs-'l k. ; 

HIM him k. 

Collet-lit)!:, x. ijtima, jama, tabsil. 
Collector, a-, janiakarue-waid, tahsil-dar. 
College, .<. madi-asa ; jamdat-i-uhuna. 
Collfuian, ,s'. tf'ihlib-i-ilm, abl-i-madi-asa. 
Collier, s. pahari koela-ka kbodne-wala. 
Colliery, s. koela-kban. 
Collision, s. dbakka, takkar. 
Colloquial, a. rozmaree-ka. 
Collusion, s. bandisb, sazisb, fareb. 
Collyrium, s. anjaii, surma. 
Colonel, s. paltan-ka sardar, hazari. 
Colonize, v. basaua, abad k. 
Colonnade, s. cbibil-situn, situn-kf qatar. 
Colony, s. nau-abadi mulk ; shabar- 

badaron-ka jamaat. 
Colorific, a rang paida karne-wala. 
Colour, s. rang ; siirat, bahana. 
Colour, v. rangna, rang d. ; rangin k. ; 

sharni khana ; banana, surat d. 
Coloured, a. rangin, mulauwan ; siyah. 
Colours, s. nishan, alam, jhanda. 
Colt, s. bacbbera, kurra. 
Column, s. situn, rukn, pil-paya ; sipa- 

bion-kf qatar. [had-khaua. 

Comb, s. kanghi, shana ; kes, taj ; sha- 
Comb, v. kanghi k. safa k. 
Combat, s. larai, jang-o-jidal. [-wan. 
Combatant, s. laraka, jangawar, pahla- 
Combination, s. bandisb, sazisb, ittiiaq, 

mel, sajba. 

Combine, v. melna, paiwasta k. jorna. 
Combustible, a. atashgir, jalanhar. 
Combustion, s. jalan, sozisb ; hangama. 
Come, v. ana, a-jana ; guzarna ; girna. 
Comedy, s. naql, pekbna. 
Comeliness, s. kbubsurati, khushnumaf. 
Comely,a. khubsiirat, khiislmuma, basin. 
Comet, s. sitara dumdar, jharu. 
Comfit, s. mitbai. 

Comfort, s. tasalli, taskm, kbatirjamaf. 
Comfort, v. tasalli d. taskin k. 
Comfortable, a. taskin-bakbsh ; asuda 

bal ; muwafiq. :ia\\az. 

Comforter, s. tasalli dene-wala, kbatir- 
Comfortless, a. be-cbara, be-khudbf, 

be-cbain. 



COM 



26 



COM 



Comical, a. maskhara, thathe-baz, zarif. 
Coming, s. ana, amad ; pahunch, rasid. 
Coming, a. ata, ainda ; age, pesh. 
Command, s. hukm 3 farman, irshad ; 

hukumat. [mat k. 

Command, v. hukm k. farmana, huku- 
Commander, 5. hakim ; salar, sardar. 
Commandment, s. hukm, farman. 
Commemorable, a. yadgar, mashhur. 
Commemorate, v. yadgari k. tazkir k. 
Commence, r. shuru k. agaz k. [urs k. 
Commencement, s. shuru, agaz, ibtida. 
Commend, v. sarahna, tarif k. ; sifarish 

k. supurd k. taslmi k. [mausuf. 

Commendable, a. tarif ke laiq,pasandida, 
Commendation, s. tarif, madah ; sifarish. 
Commensurable, a. ham-andaz,barabar. 
Comment,s. tafsir,sharah, hashiya, tawil. 
Commentator, s. tafsir-navis, sharih, 

mani-numa. 

Commerce, s, tijarat, saudagari. 
Commercial, a. tijarati, bazarf. 
Commiserate, v. rahm k. tars khana. 
Commiseration, s. rahm, shafqat. 
Commission, s. sanad ; amini, farman, 

farmaish ; muhassil-ana, rusum, das- 

tun ; irtikab, karna. [qudrat d. 

Commission, v. sanad d. mukhtar k. 
Commissioner, s. amin. 
Commit, v. hawala k. supurd k. ; bhejna ; 

qaid k. ; karna, machana, irtikab k. 
Committee, s. majlis, panchayat. [sib. 
Commodious, a. maqul, muwafiq, mmia- 
Commodity, s. jins, mal, saud, asbab, 

obizbast. 

Commodore, s. jangi jahazon-ka salar. 
Common, a. am, raij, chalnf, kamiua ; 

bahut ; mashhur. 
Common, s. maidan, salirn. 
Conniionly, ail. ak.sar, barlui ; beshlnr. 
Connnonplace, a. raij, ciiulni; book, 

sai'ina. 

( '<;Mi:in>]is, s. awam ; majlis ; khana. ;iin. 
Commoinvcaitli, 8. jainln'ii-, iiui/ain-i- 
(.'ouiiiiolioii, .v. lr : i, li;ii-chali. 

Comnniii", v. 'j;;!i'l^ri k. li;uii-.-iikli;:n k. 
. i.aliua, batluiia, khubar 

d. ; 



CON 



27 



CON 



Complaisant, a. khaliq, mulaim, sahib- 

i-muniwat. [mucha. 

Complete, a. pura, tamam ; kamil, sa- 
)omplete, v. pura k. tamam k. kamil k. 
Completion, ,v. tamami, anjam. 
Complex, a. pech-dar-pech, pechila, 

murakkab. 

Complexion, s. rang-i-chihra ; mizaj. 
Compliance, >\ ra/amaiidi, marzi, qabul. 
Compliant, a. mulaim, halim, baaxda-e- 

farman. [duskwar. 

Complicated, a. pech-dar-pech, pechila, 

Compliment, s. takalluf, mudarat, salam. 

Compliment, v. salam d. mubarakbadi k. 

khushamadi k. 

Comply, v. razi h. razamand li. 
Compose, v. banana, jorna ; tarkib d. ; 

tasnif k. liklma ; durust k. rafa k. ; 

tashkm k. ; harf jamana. 
Composed, s. sanjida, mustaqill. 
Composer, s. musannif, naql-band ; 

taskin-bakhsh. 
Composition, s. amezish, tartib, tasnif, 

insha ; rafa-dafa. 
Compositor, s. harf jamane-wala. 
Composure, s. asaish, itmman, asudagi. 
Compound, v. milana, tarkib k. amezish 
Compound, s. murakkab, milao. [k. 
Comprehend, v. daryaft k. samajhna, 

malum k. ; mushtamal h. [fahm. 

Domprehension, s. daryaft, samajh, 
Compress, v. dabana, nichorna, afshurda 
Compression, s. dabao, afshurdagi. [k. 
Comprise, v. ishtimal k. shamil k. 

mundarij k. 

/ompromise, v. musalaha k. hamshart h. 
Compulsion, s. zor, zabardasti. 
Compunction, s. hasrat, taasuf, afsos. 
Compute, v. ginna, shuniar k. 
Comrade, s. rafiq, sathi, yar. 
Concave, a. mujauwaf, khokhla. [k. 
Conceal, v. chhipana, poshida k. makhfi 
Concealment, s. chhipao, poshidagi. 
Concede, u. razi h. qabul k. manna ; 

de-dalna. 

Conceit, s. khiyal, wahm, khudparasti. 
Conceited, a. khud-pasand, khudbjn, 

magi-ur. 



Conceivable, a. mumkin-ul-fahm. 
Conceive, v. samajhna, daryaft k. 

hamila h. [yaft. 

Conception, s. hamal, pet ; khiyal, dar- 
Concern, s, muamala, karobar ; fikr, au- 

desha. 
Concern, v, asar k. dilgir k. ; ala(ja 

rakhna, mutalliq h. 
Concerned, a. dilgir, udas ; sharik ; 

mutaallaq. [bat, haqq. 

Concerning, pr. mansub, mutalliq ; ba- 
Concert, v. bandish k. bandobast k. 

muqarrar k. [soz-o-saz. 

Concert, s. ittifaq, mel ; ham-ahangi, 
Concession, s. dena, inayat, qabul; inam. 
Conch, s. sankh, naqus. 
Conciliate, v* tasfiya k, milana. 
Concise, a. mukhtasar, mujmal, kotah. 
Conciseness, s. ikhtisar, kotahi. 
Conclude, v. tamam k. akhir k. ; qiyas 

k. malum k. 

Conclusion, s. tamam, anjam ; natija. 
Conclusive, a. qati, muqarrar. 
Concomitant, a. paiwasta, lazim. 
Concord, s. milap, muwafaqat ; ham- 
ahangi. [hajum. 
Concourse, s. mujma, bhir, izhdih^m, 
Concrete, a. munjamid, basta, murakkab. 
Concubine, s. madkhula, haram, saheli. 
Concupiscence, s. shahwat, masti, nafs. 
Concur, v. muttafiq h. qabul h. ekdil h. 
Concurrence, s. ittifaq yak-dili ; qabul. 
Concurrent, a. muttafiq. 
Concussion, s. tasadum, dhakkn, harkat. 
Condemn, v. gunahgar thahrana, fatAva 

d. ; ilzam d. dosna. 

Condemnation, s. fatwa, saza-ka hukm. 
Condense, y. munjamid k. jamana. 
Condescend, v. farotanf k. tawajjuh k. 
Condescension, s. farotanf, tawajjuh. 
Condign, a. laiq, wajib, munasib. 
Condiment, s. masala. [sab. 

Condition, s. hal, kaifiyat ; shart ; man- 
Conditional, a. sharti. 
Condole, v. matampursf k. 
Condolence, s. rnatampursi, taziyat. 
Condoler, s. matampurs, hamdard. 
Conduce, u. mumidd h. madad k. 



CON 



28 



CON 



Conducive, a. muawin, mumidd, salmi . 
Conduct, 5. suluk, chalan, tariqa ; rah- 

numai ; sarbarahi ; tadbir. 
Conduct, v. rahnumai k. pahunchana, 

sarbaraM k. chalana ; chalna, suluk k. 
Conduit, s. nahr, nali, abrez. 
Cone, s. makhrut, gao-dum. 
Confection, s. mithai, halwe, murabba. 
Confederacy, s. bandish, ittifaq, mel ; 

ahd-o-paiman. 

Confederate, s. rafi'q, shank, sathf. 
Confederate, u. bandish k. sazish k. 

muahada k. [dena. 

Confer, v. jawab-sawal k. ; bakhshna, 
Conference, s. jawab-sawal, mubahasa, 

mashwarat. 

Confess, u. iqrar k. qabul k. ; batlana. 
Confessedly, ad. iqrar-se, be-shubha, 

be-shakk. 

Confession, s. iqrar, itiraf qabul. [k. 
Confide, v itimad k. itibar k. tawakkul 
Confidence, s. itimad, itibar, itic;<id ; 

dileri. [gustakh ; diler. 

Confident, a. mustaqill ; muqarrar ; 
Confidential, a. makram-i-raz, raz-dar ; 

itibari. [lagna ; rokna. 

Confine, v. qaid k. mahbus k ; hadd 
Confine, s. sarhadd, hadd, ihata. 
Confined, a. qaidi, mahbus, tang, kotah. 
Confinement, s. qaid, giriftari, band. 
Confirm, v. sabit k. yaqin k. tasduik. ; 
Confirmation, s. isbat ; dalalat. [qaim k. 
Confiscate, v. zabt k. (jui-q k. 
Cuiitiscation, . xabt, <iurq. 
Contht^rution, >. atash-zada.^!, agwai. 
Conflict, s. laraf, Jang, muqabala. [rat. 
Conliiu-ncc, 0. ma jnia ; anibuh, blu'r, ka -- 
in, u. qabul k. ni/.i h. [liasb. 

.-rnably, <i-L nititahuj, baiin'ijil-, 
Ct'iil'i/nnii v, .-. nun ;ilia<|:it. minviit'aqat. 
Confound, v. inihina, juakhlut k. ; ghab- 

i;iii:i, hairan k. 

Confront, v. inui|;ibil k. rubaru k. 
Confuse, u. ghabiajiii, hainin k. uljhana : 

jcin'sLan k. 

Confused, a. darliani-barhain, ulta-])iil- 

ta : hail an, gliabni liiia. [ hanuaina. 

Confusion, s. gliabrali;:t, abturi, uljhuu : 



Confute, v. la jawab k. qail k. jhuthana. 
Congeal, v. jaiuna, munjamid h. 
Congenial, a. ham-jins, hamtaba, ekdil, 

ekrang ; munasib. 
Congratulate, v. mubairak-bad kahua, 

tahniyat k. 

Congratulation,s.mubarakbadj,tahniyat. 
Congregation, s. jamaat, jamiyat, majlis, 
Congruity, s. muwafaqat, munasabat, 

shaistagi. [Avar. 

Congruous, a. muwafiq, munasib, ham- 
Conic, Conical, a. gaodumi, makhriitl, 

surangf. 

Conjectural, a. khiyali, qiyasi. 
Conjectui-e, s. qiyas, guman, andaza, 

wahm. [milke. 

Conjointly, ad. sharakat-se, b'iHttifaq, 
Conjugal, a. nikahi, byalia, zauji. 
Conjugate, v. milaua, tasiif k gardanna. 
Conjunction, s. mel, paiwand, wasl ; 

qii-an ; atf. 

Conjunctive, a. \vasli ; shartiya, mazan. 
Conjuncture, ^. ittifaq, naubat, Avatit. 
Conjure, v. qasain khilaiui, iltimas k. 

talab k. ; jadu k. fasan k. 
Conjurer, 5. jadugar, afsungar. [wasl fc, 
Connect, v. jorna, milnna, paiwand k. 
Connected, a. paiwasta, mutassil, inu- 

taalliq. [rishtanj 

Connexion, s. alaqa, nisbat, paiwand, 
Connivance, s. chashm-poshi anakaui. 
Connive, a. igmaz k. ohashm-poabi k 

matkana. 

Connubial, a. nikani, liyah-ka. 
Conquer, u. fat ah k. jinui, galib h. 
Conqueroi'jS. fatalnnand, iralili. 
Conqin-s;, .--. fatali, xafar, isti'!;i, tasklu 

:imiinity,.--.(|aral)al, nisbat, !> 
Consck-mv, >'. /amir, ilil ; iinan. 
Conscientious, a. iliyanaiilcu- k\\\i 

;<>n.--, a. \viujit', sigah, khabardar. 
Consciousness, s. wtujiif, aLaliu '.> 
iiti!;i. ina'-x 

Consecrate, u. niy;i/, k. 1id;i k. ki 
Consecration, s. niyaz, IMIK|; 
Consent, s. qabul, ra/.atn; 
Consent, v. ra/.i h. qabul k. 
Consequence, .:. nut ija, uiokisil ; u. 



CON 



29 



CON 



Consequent, a. muntaj, muntaaqili, 

muakhkliir. [jaram. 

Consequently) a'?, ba-nanja, liha/.a, L'i- 
' nre, s. inithai,nrarabba,gulshakar. 

Consider, v. sochna, andesha k. tikr k. 

nuthihaza k. [y^ r - 

Considerable, a. bluiri/aziin, balmt, bis- 
Considerate, a. hoshyar, dilrandesh. 
Consideration, s. lihaz, aiulesha ; imti- 

y:i/. : ja/.a, i\vaz, ajr ; bais, matlab. 
Consign, v. hawala k. taf'wiz k. de bhejna. 
Consignment, s. taslfm, tafwiz ; mal, jins. 
Consist, v. hona, bauna, murakkab h. ; 

mutabiq b. 
Consistency, s. mutabaqat, shaistagi, 

munasabat ; jamawat, qiyain. 
Consistent, a. munasib, mutabiq ; mun- 

janiid. [jamai. 

Consolation, s. tasalli, taskfn, khatir- 
Coiisolatory, a. taskm-bakhsh, arani- 

bakhsb. [jamai k. 

Console, u. tasalli d. taskm d. khatir- 
Consonant, s. harf-i-sabih. 
Consonant, a. muwafiq, mutabiq. 
Consort, s. kbasam ya jorii, zauj, zauja. 
Consort, v. subbat k. rafiq h. 
Conspicuous, a. zahir, mashbur. 
Couspii'acy, 5. bandish, sazish. 
Conspirator, s. mufsid, bagi, rafiq. 
Conspire, u. bandisb sazisb k. muttafiq h. 
Constable, s. tbanedar, cbaprasi, nazir. 
Constancy, s. istiqrar, ustuwari, paedari, 

wafa-dan. 
Constant, a. ustuwar, mustaqim ; sabit- 

qadam ; wafa-dar. [mesba. 

Constantly, ad. hardam, barqarar, ha- 
Constellation, s. burj, kaukab. 
Consternation, s. bairat, bairani,i3argar- 

dam, gbabrabat. 

Constipation, s. bastagi, qabz, inqibaz. 
Constituent, s. muwakkil. 
Cousiituent, a. asli, zati, kbilqi. 
Constitute, u. banana, paida k. muqarrar 

k. tbabrana. [zabita. 

Constitution, s. mizaj, tabiyat ; qanun, 
Constitutional, a. kbilqi, zati, asli ; jaiz. 
Constrain, v. ba-zor karana, dabana. 

. zabardasti, zor, jabr ; dabao. 



Construct, u. banana, bind k. tamir k. 

tasnif k. 
Construction, s. banawat, tamir, tarkib, 

tasnif; mani, mazmun. 
Construe, v. tarjama k. bayan k. 
Consuetude, s. clial, rit, suluk dastur. 
Consul, s. naib, wakil ; hakim. 
Consult, v. maslahat k. masbwarat k. ; 

maslabat lena. 

Consultation, s. maslahat, masbwarat. 
Consume, u. urana, kbarch k. barbad k. 

talaf k. [bar basaiui. 

Consummate, v. tamam k. pura k. ; ghar- 
Consuuimate, a. pura, kamil ; bahut. 
Consummation, s. tamami, itmam, akliir ; 

gauna. [ud-dam. 

Consumption, s. kharch, talaf; sill, nafa- 
Contact, s. lagao, ittisal, mass, ilhaq. 
Contagion, s. sirayat, waba, mari. 
Contagious, a. sari, phailao, chhotiha. 
Contain, u. shamil k. samana ; tbamua, 

rokna. 

Contaminate, u. aluda k. napak k. 
Contamination, s. aludagj, napaki. 
Contemn, v. haqir janna, ihanat k. nakas 

jaiina. [sauwur k. 

Contemplate, v. gaur k. taammul k. ta- 
Contemplation, s. gaui*, taammul, tasau- 

wur, mulahaza. 

Contemplative, a. muta'amil,fikarmand. 
Contemporary, s. ham-waqt, bam-umr, 

bam-zad. [kbiffat. 

Contempt, s. mazammat, ihanat, hiqarat, 
Contemptible, a. baqir, kbafif, kbwar, 

nachiz. 

Contemptuous, a. be-adab, gustakh. 
Contend, v. jhagarna, munaqasba k. ham- 

chashmi k. 

Content, a. razi, kbusb, sbad, asuda. 
Contentment, s. razamandi, kbushnudi, 
Contents, s. mazmun, fihrist. [qaiiaat. 
Contention, s. 1 jhagra, munaqasha ; qa- 
Contest, s. j ziya,mubabasa;ham- 

chashmi, hamsari. 

Contest, v. takrar k. mubahasa k. jiclal k. 
Context, s. matn, qarina, ibarat. 
Contiguity, s. qurb, nazdiki. [nazdik- 
Contiguous, a. paiwasta, uiuttasil, qaril. 



cox 



30 



COO 



Continence, s. parhezgari, pakdamani, 

parsai. [parsa. 

Continent, a. pnrhezgar, pakdaman, 
Continent, s. khushkf, barr. 
Contingent, a. arizi, ittifaqi. [lagatar. 
Continual, a. dambadam, mudam, daim, 
Continuance, s. paedari, istiqamat, mu- 

dawamat. [imtidad. 

Continuation, s. mudawamat ; barhao, 
Continue, v. rahna, bar-pa h. thamna, 

ba-hal rahna. [mat, paedari. 

Continuity, s. ilhaq, pahvand ; mudawa- 
Contortion, s. pech, marora. 
Contour, s. shakl, naqsha, claul. [man. 
Contraband, a. mana, mamnua, ghat- 
Contract, s. qaul, ahd-o-paiman, band- 

o-bast, thika. 
Contract, u. ainthna, akrana ; kashida 

k. ; ikhtisar k. mukhtasar k. kam k. ; 

aqd-i-nikah k. ahd-o-paiman k. ; mil- 

na, lena. [sar. 

Contraction, s. simtao, jakrahat ikhti- 
Contractor, s. mustajir, thfke-dar. 
Contradict, v. baraks kahna, zidd k. 

radd k. bar-khilaf kahna. [kalam. 
Contraxliction, s. zidd, khilaf, radd-i- 
Contradictory, a, mukhalif, na-mntabi(|. 
Contradistinction, s. mukhalafat,ikhtilaf. 
Contrariety, s. mukhalafat,ikhti]af,zidd. 
Contrary, a nruklialif, kliilaf, bar-aks. 
Contrast, s. muqabala, ikhtilaf. 
Contrast, u. muqabala k. 
Contravene, v. muzahim k. rokna. [mat. 
Contravention, s. nmkhalafat, inn/.;ili:i- 
Contribute, v. den a, khiraj d. madad k. 
Contribution, s. khiraj, chanda, bakii- 

sliirdi, inam. 

Contrite, a. pashcman, dil-sliikasta, mu- 
1 ' ion, 8. !i;i(!;iiii;it, tun- 

paclilita\va. "ilish. 

Contrivance, .<?. tadlur, liikmai, ijad ; 
Contrive 1 , v. indbfi- liandlina, liikniat k. 

. k. bnntlish k. 
Control, s. liukumat, zabt, rok ; iklitiy.u*, 

qabu; mu(jal)ala. 

Control, V. rnktia, nialikum k. : niii(|M- 

'!!(!, x. aniin ; niHslaiii'i'. j badal. 

Controversy, s. hujjat, umbaba.sa, radd- 



Controvert, v. mubahasa k. munazara k. 

radd-badal k. [kuk. 

Controvertible, a. hujjat-pazir, mash- 
Contumacious, a. be-adab, sarkash. 
Contumacy, s. be-adabf, sarkashf. 
Contumelious, a. bad-zaban, dushnam. 
Contumely, s. bad-zabani, dush-nami. 
Contusion, s. chot, kuchlahat. 
Convalescence, s. ifaqat, shifa, aram. 
Convalescent, a. ifaqat-bakhsh, aram- 

pazir, naqih. 

Convene, v. jama k. majlis k. ekattha k. 
Convenient, a. laiq, maqul, munasib. 
Convention, s. majlis, jamiyat ; ahd-o- 

paiman. [pakka. 

Conversant, a. waqif, agah ; azmuda-kar, 
Conversation, s. guftgu, batchft, jawab- 

sawal. 

Converse, s. guftgu ; khilaf, mukhalafat. 
Converse, v. guftgu k. batchit k. baten k. 
Conversion, s. taqlib, tabdil ; dil-ka nijvi. 
Convert, s. nau-mniid, mutaqid. [lana. 
Convert, v. badal-dalna ; clusre din- men 
Convertible, a. taqlib-pazir, mumkin-i- 

tabdil. 

Convex, a. qubba-dar, gumbaz-dr. [k. 
Convey, r. IcchahuiJcjana: liibak. taslim 
Conveyance, ^. lewai, intiqal ; markab, 

sa\\;iri ; liiba, taslim. 
Convict, 5. qaidi, bandhua. [sabit k. 
Convict, v. gunahgar thahrana, guiinh 
Conviction, s. ilzam, taqsir-ki sabut ; 

tayaqqun. 

Convince, a. qail k. ilzam k. b;iwar d. 
Convincingly, ad. ba taur-i-ilzam, 1)C- 

shakk, yaqinan. [shaiiib. 

Convivial, a. khush-o-k};arraTn : liain- 
C on vocation, s. majlis-i-diii ; buiawii, 

talab. 

Convoke, v. bnlana, talab k. dawnt k. 
Convoy, .s-. badritja, liifaz:it-ka psiitiin y;i 



Convulse, r. akrana, aintli.'ina, Tnarorna. 
Convulsion, s. ainl'n, inaror : hanyama. 

. kiiku k. 

Cook, K. pakatu'u r-aiidlina. 
Cook, . . ii'ya. 

Cook-room, s. b., ;iua. 



COR 



COIT 



Cool, a. thanda, sard ; sayadar ; ba mu- 

habbat : br-par\\a. 

Cool, v. tliaiuh k. asiida k. thamblma. 
Coolly, <l. ahiste. taainimil-si>,tadbiV-si>, 

k'-i:iissa. i bc-iiiiiliabbatf. 

Coolness, 9. sardi, thaml, kaiiuawajjuh, 
Cooly, .<?. quli, mutiya. 
Coop, .*. t;ipn, darba, khancha. 
Cooper, s. pipa-gar. 

Co-operate, r. bahamkamk. muttafiq li. 
Co-operation, s. baliam-sazkari, ittifaq, 
Co-partner. .--. sharik, sajhi. [mel. 

Go-partnership, >. shanikat. [cliasmi k. 
Cope, r. barabari k. hamsari k. ham- 
Coping, s. mundcr, miikha, taj. 
Copious, a. kasir, wafir, bahut. 
Copper, >. tamba, mis ; dcg. 
Coppice, Copse, s. jaiiu'ala, jliarf. 
Copulate, r. milna jorna, mubasharat k. 

mujamaat k [maat. 

Copulation, 5. jima, mubasharat, muja- 
Copulative, a. waslf ; harf-i-utf. 
Copy, s. naql, nuskha ; namuna, asl ; 
Copy, v. naql k. utarna. [dastkhatt. 
Copyhold, s. patta, sanad. 
Coquetry, s. naz, nakhra, ashwagari. 
Coral, s. munga, marjan. 
Cord, s. rassa, dor, dora ; nas. 
Cord, s. rassiyon-se bandhna. 
Cordial, a. muqawi, quwat-bakhsh ; dil- 

kusha ; sachcha. [jan-kusha. 

Cordial, s. jawarish, dawa-i-muqawi ; 
Cordiality, 5. sachchai ; muhabbat. 
Core, s. daruna, andar ; kil. [nfz. 

Coriander, s. kothmir; dhaniya, kish- 
Cork, s. dhattha, gatta. 
Corkscrew, s. pech-kash, dhatta-pench. 
Cormorant, s. mahi-khwar, chuhamar. 
Corn, s. anaj, galla, dana ; gatta, gokh- 
Comelian, s. aqiq, yamani. [ru. 

Comer, s. kona, gosha, kunj. 
Cornice, s. kangni, kagar, qarnas. 
Coronation, s. julus. 
Coronet, s. qism-i-taj. 
Corporal, s. nayak. 
Corpoi-ate, a. muttafiq, kulliya. 
Corporeal, a. jismani, badaii-ka. 
Corps, s. paltan, risala, guroh. 
r 2 



Corpse, s. jrmrda, lash. [mat. 

Corpulence, s. motapa, tanavrari, jasa- 
Corpulent, a. mota, tanawar, jasim. 
Correct, a. tliik, durust, salu'h. 
Correct, v. thik k. sahih k. ; tambili k. 

tadib k. ' j l>ili, tadib. 

Correction, s. tas'hih, islah, sihhat ; tam- 
CoiTective, a. sihhat-rasan, durust-saz. 
Correctly, ad. tlnk. 

Correctness, s. sihhat, tahqiq, durusti. 
Correlative, a. nisbat-dar, hamnisbat. 
Correspond, v. muwafiq h. muqabil h. ; 

khatt kitabat rakhna. 
Correspondence, s. nrawafaqat, mntJiba- 

qat ; khatt-khatut; murasala,rah-rasm. 
Correspondent, a. muwafiq, mutabiq. 
Correspondent, s. ashna. 
Corroborate, v. mustahkam k. tasdiq k. 

tayid d. taqwiyat k. 
Corrode, v. kha-jana, khana. 
Corrosive, a. galau, barinda. 
Corrupt, v. sarana, bigarna, galana ; 

kharab k. ; riahwat d. [rishwat-khor. 
Corrupt, a. Sara, bigra ; fasid, kharab ; 
Corrupter, s. mufsid, aluda-gar. 
Corruptible, a. ifana-pazir, fani. 
Corruption, s. saran, pib, rim ; fasad 

tab ah ; rishwat-khori. 
Corruscation, s. chamak, lauka, damak. 
Corsair, s. daryai daku ; dakaiti jahaz. 
Corselet, s. char-aina. 
Cosmetic, s. ghaza, ubtan ; husnnuma. 
Cosmical, a. dunyavi, jahani. 
Cost, s, qimat, baha ; kharch ; nuqsan. 
Costive, a. munqabiz, band. 
Costly, a. qimati, besh-qimatf. 
Costume, s. libas, kapre. 
Cot, s. khat, charpai ; jhompri. 
Cotemporary, s. ham-asr, ham-zad, ham- 
Cottage, s. jhompri, marhi. [ahd. 

Cotton, s. qutn, rui, pamba ; tree, ka- 
Couch, s. palang, khat. [pas. 

Couch, v. letna, parna, dabak-rahna. 
Cough, s. khansi, khokhi, dhansi. 
Cough, v. khansna, dhansna. 
Coulter, s. phal, phali. 
Council, s. majlis, diwan, sadr. [wakfl. 
Counsel, s. nasihat, maslahat, paiid 



cou 



CRA 



Counsel, v. nasiliat k. malashat cl. mash- 

warat d. 
Counsellor, s. mushir, nasihat denewa- 

la ; ahl-i-diwau, wakil. 
Count, v. ginna, shumar k. hisab k. 
Countenance, s. chihra, ru, munh ; waza, 

daul ; tawajjuh, shafaqat. [asra d. 
Countenance, v. mihrbani k. qadrdani k. 
Counter, ad. bar-khilaf, bar-aks. 
Counter, s. jhutha rupiya ; takhta, mez ; 

shumari. 

Counteract, v. barkhilaf k. muzahamatk. 
Counterbalance,v.ham-wazn k. pa sang k. 
Counterfeit, a. jhutha, taqlidi, tagallubf, 
jal. [k. ; bahana k. 

Counterfeit, v. naql k. ; tagallub 1^. jal 
Countermand, v. hukm radd k. palat d. 

mansukh k. 

Counterpane, s. palang-posh, lihaf. 
Counterpart, s. jora, palla, jawab. 
Countersign, v. dast-khatt k. 
Countess, s. khanam, begam. 
Counting-house, s. daftar-khana. 
Countless, a. be-shumar,be-hisab.[dihat. 
Country, s. mulk, watan, des ; mufassal, 
Countryman, s. dihqani, ganwar ; ham- 

watan, des-bhai. 

County, s. zilla, chakla. [o-joru. 

Couple, s. do ; jora, juft, zauj, khasam- 
Couplet, s. bait, doha. [duri, nimmat. 
Courage, 8. dileri, jawanmardi, baha- 
Courageous, a. diler, jawanmard, baha- 

dur, himmatf. 
Courier, s. qasid, harkara. 
Course, s. daur, taz ; dhar ; maidan ; 

rah, rasta ; chalan, dial ; tawatur, sar- 

rishta ; uslub, tariq ; of course, al- 

batta, be-shakk. 

Courser, s. bad-pa, samand, tausan. 
Court, s. daulat-khana ; darbar, adalat ; 

sahn, angan. [darkhwast k. 

Court, v. nawazish k. ; ishaq-bazf k. ; 
Courteous, a. muaddab, khush-akhlaci, 
Courteously, ad. akhlaq-se. [nok-nihad. 
Couitesan, s. kasbi, loli. 
Courtesy, s. adab, akhlaq, muruwat. 
Courtier, s. darbarf, huzuri. 
Courtship, s. naz-o-niyaz, jshqbazi. 



Cousin, s. amma zad ya zadi, khala zad 

ya zadi. 

Cove, s. kol, kharf. [ahd-nama. 

Covenant, s. ahd, shart, iqrar, qaul ; 
Cover, v. chhana, dhampna, jhanpna, 

sarposh rakhna ; orhana ; chhipana, 

poshida k. ; panah d. mahfuz rakima ; 

bharana. 
Cover, s. sarposh, dhapna ; panah ; pat- 

ta, dafti ; lifafa ; bahana. 
Covering, s. poshish, libas ; gilaf. 
Coverlet, s. razai, palang-posh. 
Covert, s. panah-gah ; jhari. 
Covert, a, khufiya, pinhan. 
Covet, v. tama k. lalach k. hirs k. 
Covetous, a. tami, hii-si, lalchi. 
Covetousness, s. tama, hii-s, lalach. 
Covey, s. jhol ; jhund. 
Cow, s. gae, goru, gao. 
Coward, s. buzdil, namard, shutur-dil. 
Cowdung, s. gobar; upla. 
Cowherd, s. goala, ahir, gao-ban. 
Cow-house, s. gosala, gao-khana. [ka. 
Coxcomb, s. taj-i-khurus ; khudbin, ban- 
Coy, a. sharmila, mahjub. 
Coyness, s. sharm, hijab. 
Cozen, a', daga k. fareb d. thagna. 
Crab, s. kekra, sartan ; jangali seb. 
Crabbed, a. durusht, tursh-ru ; mushkil, 

sakht. [lafzani. 

Crack, s. darz, shigaf ; karak, chatiikhaj 
Crack, v. chatkana, phatkarna, sliigaf 

k. ; phatna, tarakna, chatakna. 
Cracker, s. patakha, atashbazi. 
Crackle, v. chatakna, charcharana. 
Cradle, s. pingura, palna, hindola. 
Craft, s. pesha, hirfa, kasb : hfla, fareb, 

daga, syan-pan. 

Craftsman, s. karigar, ahl-i-pesha. 
Crafty, a. hila-biiz, siyana, aiyar, fitratf. 
Crag, s. karara, arara, tek. [haiuwar. 
Craggy, a. kharkhara, unch-nich, nii- 
Cram, v. thasna, thosna, dhusiia, 

khonchna; chhakana. 
Cramp, s. akar-bai, tashannuj. 
Cramp, v. akar-jana ; atkaua, rokna. 
Crane, s. saras, koolang, laglag. 
Crape, s. kapar-dhul (kala). 



33 



3 rash, s. dharaka, kharkharahat. 
Crash, v. torna, kuchalna ; kharkharana. 
Crater, s. jwala-mukhi. 
.Cravat, s. gulu-band. 
"Crave, v. minnat k. darkhwast k. 
Crawfish, s. jhinga. 
Brawl, v. riiigiia ; khisakna. 
Crayon, s. kharimitti-kaqalam. [diwana. 
Crazy, a. shikasta, zaif ; hawas-bakhta, 
Creak, v. chirchirana, machmachana. 
Cream, s. malai, zubd. 
Crease, s. chin, shikan, chunat. 
Create, v. banana, paida k. 
Creation, s. paidaish, afrinish, khilqat ; 

makhluqat, dunya. 
Creator, s. khaliq, afrminda. 
Creature, s. makhluq ; janwar, haiwanj 

parwarda, banda. 
Credence, s. bawar, itibar. 
Credentials, s. sanad, siparish-nama. 
Credible,a.muatabar.itibari,bawar-pazir. 
Credibility, s. muatabari, maqulfyat. 
Credit, s. itiqad, bawar ; hurmat, nek- 

nami ; udhar ; mujra. 
Credit, v. itibar k. itiqad k. bawar k. 
Creditable, a. muatabar ; namwar. 
Creditor, s. qarz-khwah, wam-khwah. 
Credulity, s. zud-itiqadi, sarf-ul-ifciqadf, 

sada-dili. [sada-dil. 

Credulous, a. zud-itiqad, sarf-ul-itiqad, 
Creed, s. din-ke mujmil, aqaid j kalima. 
Creek, s. kol, khari, khalij. 
Creep, v. ringna ; ahiste jana ; phailna, 

ugna ; chaplusi k. 
Creeper, s. bel, lata ; kira. 
Crescent, s. hilal, nauchand. 
Cress, s. halim, tara-tezak. 
Crest, s. kalgi ; taj ; tagma. 
Crested, a. kalgi-dar. [dil-tang. 

Crestfallen, a. na-ummed, dil- shikasta, 
Crevice, s. darz, shigaf, surakh. 
Crew, s. taifa, guroh ; ahl-i-jahaz. 
Crib, s. khurli, than ; chhota palang. 
Cricket, s. jhingur, ghurghura ; goebazf. 
Crier, s. dhandhoriya, munadi. 
Crime, s. taqsir, gunah, jurm, qabahat. 
Criminal, s. taqsir war, gunahgar, mujrim. 
Criminal, a. kharab, mayub ; faujdari. 



CRU 

Criminal court, s. adalat-i-faujdari. 
Criminality, s. jurm, gunahgari. 
Criminate, v. jurm lagana, gunah-gar 

thahrana. 

Crimson, s. qirmizi, argawanf, surkh. 
Cringe, v. khaya-bardari k. khushamadi 
Cripple, s. langra, lula, lang. [k. 

Cripple, v. langrana. 
Crisis, s. buhran ; kamal, ain-waqt, saat. 
Criterion, s. alamat, nishan-i-tahqiq. 
Critic, s. nukta-dan, nukta-chin, harf-gir. 
Critical, a. sahih,thik ; bank, mu-shigaf ; 

buhrani. [khurda-bini k. 

Criticise, v. nukta-shinasi k. harf-giri k. 
Criticism, s. nukta-chini, harf-giri, aib- 
Croak, v. menduk-ki awaz k. [goi. 

Crock ery,s.sifal,sifalina,chmi-ke-bartan. 
Crocodile, s. magar, ghariyal, nihang. 
Crony, s. langotiya-yar, rafiq. [pech. 
Crook, s. anksi, khamdar, lakri ; khain, 
Crooked, a. terha, tirchha, kaj, kham. 
Crookedness, s. terhai, kaji. 
Crop, s. fasl ; pota, jhojh. 
Crop, v. chhantua, katna. [^par h. 

Cross, v. ara rakhna ya lagana ; Hiitana ; 
Cross, s. salib, khaj ; azar ; tasdi. 
Cross, a. ara, tirchha, terha ; magra, chir- 
Cross-bow, s. gulel, kaman. [chira. 

Cross-road, s. chau-raha. 
Crouch, v. dabakna, jhukna ; paon parna. 
Crow, s. kauwa, kag ; balli ; kadima. 
Crow, v. bang d. ; shekhi k. 
Crowd, s. bhir, amboh, jamaat.[ghaiia k. 
Crowd, v. bhjrbhar k. bhar k. jama k. 
Crowded, a. bhara, pura, ghana. 
Crown, s. taj-i-shahi ; hukumat ; sihra j 

chandi ; chonti ; dinar. 
Crowned, a. taj-dar. 
Crown-lands, s. khalisa. 
Crucible, s. kushali, ghariya, kulliiya. 
Crucify, v. taslib k. salfb d. 
Crude, a. kachcha, kham ; be-tartib. 
Crudity, s. kachchai, khami ; be-tartibf. 
Cruel, a. be-dard, be-rahm, sang-dil. 
Cruelty, s. be-dardi, be-rahmi, sang-dilf. 
Cruet, s. sirka-daii, sirka ya tel-ki shishf . 
Cruise, v. jahaz chalana, safr-i-darya k. 
Crumb, s. tukra, reza ; guda. 



CUR 



CZA 



Crumble, v. chura k. ya h. ; tukra tukra h. 
Crumble, v. marorna, shikan d. dal ma- 
Crupper, s. dumchi ; kafal-i-asp. [sal k. 
Crush, v. kuchalna, masalna ; maglub k. 
Crust, s. chhilka, papra, papri ; post. 
Crutch, s. lathi, baisakha, pharoi ; teki. 
Cry, v. pukarna, chillana, bulana j rona, 

giriya k. ; ishtihar k. 
Cry, s. pukar, hank, nara ; boll ; awaz, 

nala, zari, wawaila. 

Crystal, s. bilaur, kachcha hira j qalam. 
Crystallized, s. qalami. 
Cub, s. bachcha, pilla. 
Cube, s. kab, shash-pahlu ; jazr. 
Cubit, s. hath bhar, dast. 
Cuckoo, s. koel, kokila. 
Cucumber, s. khira, kakri. 
Cud, s. jugali. 

Cudgel, s. lath, lathi, sonta. 
Cudgel, v. lathiyana, pitna. [kos. 

Cuff,s. tamancha,dhaul,thappar; muhri, 
Cuirass, s. baktar, jaushan. 
Culinary, a. matbakhi, tabaklii. 
Cull, v. chunna, intikhab k. 
Culpable, a. mulzim, mujrim, taqsirwar. 
Culprit, s. gunah-gar, taqsirwar. 
Cultivate, v. ziraat k. jotna ; abad k. 

arasta k. tarbfyat d. 
Cultivation, 1 ziraat, jotai ; tarbfyat, 
Culture, J S ' arastagi. 
Cultivator, s. kisan, kisht-kar. 
Cumber, v. bhari k. phasana, uljhana. 
Cumbersome, a. bhari, ranj-awar, diqq- 
Cumin, s. zira, kamun. [dar. 

Cunning, a. siyana, makkar, hilabaz, 
Cunning, s. hikmat, fitrat. [hikmati. 
Cup, s. piyala, jam, kasa. 
Cupboard, s. almari, (basan rakhne-ki.) 
Cupidity,s. shahwat,hawa-o-hawas; hii-s. 
Cupola, s. gumbaz, qubba. 
Cupping-glass, s. shisha-i-hajamat, singi . 
Cur, s. kutta, ICIKJI' ; khtujora, jhagjralu. 
Curable, a. chara-jia/h 1 , ihij-pazir, <|al)il- 
Curtitc, >'. khadiin, padri. [i-shifa. 

Curb, .. zanjir, k;irf. 
Curb, v. rokm'i, tli:iinna, muzahamat k. 
Curd, x. dalii, i-hlicna. 
Curdk-, i'. dahijapmxUij munjainid k. 



Cure, s. ilaj, chara, shifa, sihhat, ar^m.'i 
Cure, y. changa k. shifa d. chara d.j 

aram k. ; nimak d. [nimkin. 

Cured, a. shifa yafta, bhala-changa ; ] 
Curiosity, s. raz-jof, tajassus, shauq ; 

tuhfa, saugat. [iiazuk. 

Curious, a. raz-jo, khoji ; ajib, nadir j 
Curl, s. zulf, kakul ; lahar ; kham. 
Curly, a. zulf-dar, pechila. 
Currant, s. khushkh angur. 
Currency, s. chalan, chal, rawaj ; sikka. 
Current, a. raij chalnf, jari, bazari, am ; 
Current, s. abjari, dhar ; raftar. [half. 
Currier, s. chamar, dabbag, charm-saz. 
Curry, v. kamana, dabagat d. ; kharahra 

k. ; marna, pitna ; khushamad k. 
Currycomb, s. kharahra, kharkhara. 
Curse, v. kosna, sarapna, malun k. lanat 

d. ; satana, taklif d. [wabal. 

Curse, 5, bad-dua, lanat, sarap; bala, 
Cursory, ct. nazar-ijmali, jald. 
Curtail, v. kotah k. ghatana, chhantna. 
Curtain, s. parda, masahri. 
Curve, s. kham, terhai, pech. 
Curve, v. kaj k. terha k. lachana. 
Cushion, s. gaddi, masnad, takiya. 
Custard, s. faluda, mithai. 
Custard-apple, s. sharifa, ata. [band. 
Custody, s. amanat, nigahbani ; qaid, 
Custom, s. dastur, rasm, rawish, chal. 
Customary, a. ba-dastur, rasmi, raij, ma- 
Customer, s. khand-dar. [miili, chalui. 
Custom-house, s. sair chauki. 
Customs, s. mahsul. 
Cut, v. katna, qata k. tarashna. 
Cut, s. kat, zakhm ; qata, pai-a ; surafc, 
Cutaneous, a, jildi. [taswir. 

Cutlass, s. tega, shamsher. 
Curlei-, s. lohar, saiyal', kard-gar. 
Cut-purse, s. jeb katra, kisa-bur. 
Cut-throat, .*. rali-zau, (jaiil, gal katta. 
Cutter, s. katne-wala ; qisui-i-jahaz. 
Cycle, s. daur, qarn. 
Cygnet, .--. hans-ka bachcha. 
Cylinder, y. ji:il, poiiga ; belan. 
Cymbal, s. jlianjh, maujira. 
Cypress, s. saro, sarv. 
C/aa-, 6. Quisar, badshah-i-Rus. 



DAS 



35 



DEC 



D. 

)abble, v. pani-men khelna, ab-bazi k. ; 
)agger, s. khanjar, katar. [aluda k. 
[Daggle, v. latherna, sondhna. 
I Daily, ad.har-roz, roz-ba-roz, din-ka-din. 
[Dainty, a. maze-da"r, nafis, nazuk, latif ; 

inty, s. tuhfa, nhnat, (jaak-charha. 
)aiiy, s. shir-khaua. 

lie, s. dara, wadi, ghati. 

illiance, s. rao-chao, naz-o-niyaz, chu- 

ma-chati, bos-o-kinar ; deri, tawaqquf. 
[Dally, v. rao-chao k. bos-o-kinar k. ; 

deri k. takhir k. 
[Darn, s. janwar-ki ma ; band, bandh. 
I Dam, v. band ya bandh bandhna. 
i Damage, s. nuqsan, ziyan, khalal, ghata. 
: Damage, v. nuqsan k. ziyan k. bigarna. 
[Damaged, a. dagi, nuqsan hua, bigra. 
Damask, s. mushajjar, jamdani. 
Dame, s. begam, khanam, bibi. 
t Damn, v. maliin k. lanat k. ; gunahgar 

thahrana. 

Damnation, s. lanat-i-Khuda, badaqibat. 
Damnable, a. lanati, makrtih, zabun. 
Damp, a. tar, nam, martub, gila.[udasi. 
Damp, s. bhaph ; tari, naini ; khasta-dili, 
Damp, v. tar k. martub k. ; dilgir k. af- 

surda k. 

Damsel, s. larkf, clihokri, kumari. 
Dance, s. nach, raqs. 
Dance, v. nachna, raqs k. 
Danger, s. khatar, dar, jliokim. 
Dangerous, a. khatar-nak, purafat. 
Dangle, v. latakna, mutalliq h. 
Dapper, a. chalak-chust, subuk-dast. 
Dapple, a. ablaq, do-ranga. 
Dare, v. himmat rakhna, jurat k. ; larai 

mangna, dhii-ana. 

Daring, a. himmati, diler, mardana. 
Dark, a. andhera, tarik, tira, muzlim. 
Darkness, s. andhiyara, tariki, tiragi, 

zulmat ; jahalat. 
Darling, s. piyara, larla, Jan. 
Dam, v. rafu k. bhar d. 
Dart, s. bhala, barchhi, neza. [gabra d. 
Dash, v. patakna, de-marna; amekhta k. ; 
Dastardj s. na-mard, buz-dil. 



Date, s. tarikh, din ; khajur, khurma. 
Dative, a. haiat-i-maful. [se khinchna. 
Daub, v. lesna, potna, aluda k. ; be-hunr- 
Daughter, s. beti, dukhtar. [patoh. 

Daughter-in-law, s. zan-i-farzand, bahu. 
Daunt, v. darana, dahshat d. dabkana. 
Dauntless, a. be-dar, diler. 
Daw, s. kagela, kauwa. 
Dawn, s. bhor, subah, fajr, tarka. 
Day, s. din, roz, yaum ; zamana ; zindagi. 
Day-book, s. roz-nama, khasra. 
Day-break, s. bhor, subah, tarka, sawera. 
Day-by-day, ad. roz-ba-roz. 
Day-light, s. roz-raushan, barn-dad. 
Day-spring, s. barn-dad, subah, tarka. 
Day-star, s. zuhra, nahid, suk. 
Day-time, s. waqt-i-roz, din-ko. [rokna. 
Dazzle, v. tirmirana, jagmagana, nazar-ko 
Dead, a. mara, mua, mar-giya. 
Deadly, a. qatil, muhlik, halaku. 
Deaf, a. bahra, kur, sum. 
Deafness, s. bahrai, kuri. 
Deal, s. qadr, hissa ; sanobar-ki lakri. 
Deal, v. bantna, taqsim k. hissa k. ; tija- 

rat k. ; muamala k. suluk k. 
Dealer, s. karbari, saudagar, baniya. 
Dealing, s. karobar, tijaratj len-den ; 

alaqa, muamala. 

Dear, a/, aziz, piyara ; garan, besh-qimat. 
Dearly, ad. piyar-se, ashiq-ana ; besh- 

qimat-se. 

Death, s. akal, kal, qaht, kamf. 
Death, s. maut, faut, marg, ajl, qaza. 
Debar, v. kharij k. bazrakhuH,mahrum k. 
Debase, v. be-abru k. zalil k. haqir k. ; 

milaum k. khonta k. 
Debate, s. bahs, mubahisa, munazara. 
Debauch, s. bad-parhezi, masti. [walu. 
Debauchee, s. aubash, rind, fasiq ; mat- 
Debauchery, s. aubashi, rindi ; fisq, zina- 

karf, nasha. 

Debilitate, v. kamzork. natwank. zaif k. 
Debility, s. kamzori, natwani, zuaf. 
Debt, s. qarz, dain, warn, den. 
Debtor, s. qarzdar, daindar, dendar. 
Decalogue, s. Khuda-ke das hukm. [ jana. 
Decamp, v. kuchk.rafu chakkarh. chale- 
Decant, v. undebaaj ulendnaj nitharna. 



DEC 



36 



DEF 



Decapitate, v. gardan marna. 
Decay, s. zawal, tanazzul, utar.[bosfda h. 
Decay, v. zawal h. tanazzul h. murjhana, 
Decease,s.maiit,faut,rihlat,wafat,intiqal. 
Deceased, a. mara, mua, marhum, muta- 
Deceit, s. fareb, makar, daga. [waffa. 
Deceitful, a. farebi, makar, daga-baz. 
Deceive, v. fareb d. daga d. dhokha d. 
December, s. AngTezi barahwan mahina. 
Decency, s. shaistagf, imtiyaz, adab. 
Decennial, a. dah-sala. 
Decent, a. shaista, laiq, maqul, munasib. 
Deception, s. fareb, daga-bazf, dhokha ; 

nazar-band, bhulawa. [thahrana. 

Decide, v. faisal k. fatwa d. hukm d. 
Decidedly, s. yaqinan, albatta, sarih. 
Decimal, a. ashri, ashrati ; s. ashar. [k. 
Decipher, v. ramz batlana, kholna, tabir 
Decision, s. infisal, fatwa, hukm. 
Decisive, a. qati, shafi, yaqin, pura. 
Deck, s. takhta-bandi. 
Deck, v. arasta d. zeb d. sanwarna. 
Declaim, v. fasih kalam k. taqrir k. 
Declamation, s. fasih kalam, sukhan-goi, 

taqrir. [har. 

Declaration, s. izhar, iqrar, gawahi, ishti- 
Declare, v. ishtihar k. ashkarak. zahir k. 

iqrar k. ; bolna. 

Declension, s. "1 tanazznl ; zawal, khara- 
Declination, s. J bi;sarf,tasrif, gardan. 
Decline, v. jhnkna, mail k. ; dhalna ; 

ghatna, zawal h. ; sarf k. tasrif k. j 

inkar k. 

Declivity, s. nasheb, shed, utar, dhal. 
Decoct, v. ubalna, josh k. 
Decoction, s. joshanda ; josh-karna. 
Decompose, v. murakkab-ko tafriq k. 
Decorate, v. arasta k. araish d. zinat d. 

singharna. 

Decoration, s. arastagj, araish, zinat, zeb. 
Decorous, a. shaista, laiq, munasib. 
Decorum, s, shaistagi, saliqa, imtiyaz, 

munasabat. 

Decoy, v. fareb d. wargalana, phasana. 
Decrease, v. kam h. ghatna : kam k. 
Decrease, 5. kamtf, ghati, kahish. 
Decree, .. infisal, fatwa, hukm. 
Decree, v. hukm d. fatwa d. farmana. 



Decrepit, a. zaff, mnnhani, kamzor. 
Decay, v. aib lagana, malamat k. bad- 

nam d. 
Dedicate, u. makhsus k. niyaz k. ; madahJ 

k. nam-par k. 

Dedication, s. niyaz, taqdis ; madah. 
Deduce, v. natija, nikalna, istimbat k. ' 
Deduct, v. waza k. minha k. 
Deduction, s. natija ; minhaii ; batta. 
Deed, s. kam, kar, fial, amal ; muhimm ;; 

haqiqat ; dastawez, qabala, sanad. 
Deed of gift, s. hiba-narna. 
Deem, v. samajhiia, daryaft k. qiyas k. 
Deep, a. gahra, amiq ; gamiz, mushkil j 

daqiq ; siyana, hikmati, pakka ; ghor- 

rangjbhari. [muhit. 

Deep, s. samundar, darya.-i-sh.or, bahr-i- 
Deeply, ad. nihayat; kamil-ana. 
Deer, s. hiran, mirg, ahu. 
Deface, u. bigarna, kharab k. ; mismar 

k. mita d. 

Defame, u. aiblagana,badnamk. ruswa k. 
Default, s. qusur, khata ; kamti. 
Defeat, v. shikast d. hazimat k. harana ; 

barbad k. 

Defeat, s. shikast, hazimat, har. 
Defect, s. aib, qusur ; ghati. 
Defection, s. irtidad, bargashtagi ; na- 

farmani, bagawat. [jawab. 

Defence, s. hifazat, himayat, panah ; uzr, 
Defenceless, a. be-himayat, be-panah ; 

khula j lachar. 
Defend, u. himayat k. dastgiri k. bacha- 

na ; iqrar k. ; muazarat k. jawab d. 
Defendant, s. asami, muddai-alailii. 
Defender, s. himayati, rakh-wala. 
Defer, v. deri k. tal d. multawi rakhna. 
Deference,s.imtiyaz,lihaz,adab,mulatafa. 
Defiance, s. dawat-i-jang, hankar, talab. 
Deficiency, s. kamti, ghati, kami. 
Deficient, a. kam, ghatiya, qasir, na- 

tamam. 
Defile, v. aluda k. napak k. maila k. ; 

panti panti chalna. 

Defile, s. naka, sakri-gali. [kharabi. 
Defilement, s. aludagi, alaish, napaki, 
Define, v. hadd bandhna j tarif bayan k. 

wasf k. batlana. 



DEL 



37 



DEM 



)efniite,a. muqarrar, mahducl, muaiyan. 
)efiuition, s, tarif, wasf, bayan. 
Definitive, a. qati. [kharab k. 

)eflour, v. bikr torna, chira utarna, 
)eform, v. bad-shakl k. be-daul k. 

bigarna. 

Deformed, a. bad-shakl, zisht, be-daul. 
Deformity, s. bad-shakli, zishti, be-dauli. 
)efraud, v. fareb d. daga d. thagai k. 

chhalna. [na. 

Defray, v. kharch ada k. kharch k. utha- 
)efunct, a. marhum, murda. 
Defy, v. maidan-men bulana, larai mang- 

na, dhirana. [nakasi. 

Degeneracy, s.nasab-seuftadagi ; ibtizal, 
Degenerate, v. tukhm bad h. kamqadar 

h. nakas h. [kharab. 

Degenerate, a. zalil, kam-qadr, nakas, 
)egradation,s. mazuli, be-hurmati, zillat. 
Degrade, v. mazul k. be-hurmat k. kam- 
qadr k. 

Degraded, a. be-abru, be-qadr, nakas. 
Degree, s. darja, jah, martaba, rutba, 

qadr ; nasab, nasl, asl; andam, andaza. 
Deject, v. dilgir k. ranj d. gamgm k. 
Dejected, a. udas, dilgir. [azurda k. 
Dejection, s. dilgir i,ranj, sauda,afsurdagi. 
)eify, v. khuda k. klmda kar manna. 
Oeign, v. nratawajjih h. tanazzul k. 

qabul k. 

)eity, s. Kliuda, Allah, ilahiyat. 
Delay, s. deri, tawaqquf, takliir, dirangi. 
Delay, v. deri k. takhi'r k. 
Delegate, s. naib, wakil, pesh-kar. 
Delegate, v, bliejna, rawana k. gumashta 

k. ; hawala k. [zahr-dar. 

Deleterious, a. mulilik, lialaku, qatil, 
Deliberate, v. sochna, andesha k. taam- 

mul k. 
Deliberate,- a. mudabbir, sahib-i-tadbfr, 

dur-anclesh, hoshyar ; sust, kahil. 
Deliberately, ad. soch-samajh-kar, dida- 

o-danista. 
Deliberation, s. taammul, andesha, ta- 

fakkur, gaur j ahistagi, sustf. 
Delicacy, s. zauq, khushgawari ; nafasat, 

nazakat, mulaimat ; lutf j nazuk-bada- 

ni 5 jamal. 



Delicate, a. nafis, barik ; lazzatdar ; na- 

zuk, narnin ; kam-zor ; pakiza. 
Delicately, ad. nazakat-se. 
Delicious, a. laziz, maza-dar, khush- 

gawar, dil-chasp. [khuslinudi. 

Delight, s. shadi, khushi ; khurrami, 
Delight, v. khush k. [khushnud. 

Delighted, a. shad, khush, khurram, 
Delightful, a. dil-pasand, dil-chasp, 

farah-bakhsh. 

Delineate, v. naqshak. taswir khmchna, 
Delineation, s. naqsha. [bayan k. 

Delinquency, s. jurm, taqsir. [rim. 

Delinquent, s. gunahgar, taqsirwar, muj- 
Delirious, a. be-hosh, hazr-go, hazyan. 
Delirium, s.be-hoshi, be-khudi, hazr-goi. 
Deliver, v. supurd k. dakhil k. ; dena ; 

azad k. ; bayan k. kahna, taqrir k. ; 

jaiiana ; bachana. 
Deliverance, s. mukhlisi, rihai, bachao, 

azadi ; tafwiz. [bachane-wala. 

Deliverer, s. azad-kar, rihai-bakhsh, 
DeliA^ery, s. khalasi, rihai, azadi ; taqrir, 

guftar ; taslim, tafwiz ; jannai. 
Dell, s. wadi, dara, nichan. 
Delude, v. fareb d. bahlana, dhokha d. 
Deluge, s. tufan, sailab. [bahkana. 

Deluge, v. dubana, garq k. sailab k. 
Delusion, s. fareb, dhokha, mugalata. 
Delusive, a. fareb-saz, bhulau, bahkau. 
Demagogue, s. mutafanni, fitnagar. 
Demand, s. dawa, dawi, talab, khwahish. 
Demand, v. dawa k. talab k. mangna. 
Demean, u. chalan chabaa, waza k. ; 

zahl k. haqir k. [watira. 

Demeanour, s. chalan, waza, rawish, 
Demerit, s. bad-chal, na-sazawari, khata. 
Demesne, s. zamindari. 
Demise, s. rihlat, wafat, intiqal. 
Democracy, s. hakumat-i-jamhur. 
Demolish, v. mismar k. dha d. dal d. 
Demolition, s. paemali. 
Demon, s. bhut, jinn, afrit. [batlana. 
Demonstrate, s.sabit k. dalil k. dalalatk. 
Demonstration, s. isbat, dalil. [bit. 

Demonstrative,a.burhani, mudallil, mus- 
Demur, v. pas-o-pesh k. shakk k. den k. 
Demure, a. mahjub, sharmsar. 



DEP 



38 



DES 



Demureness, s. hijab ; sanjidagf. 
Demurrage, s. rukao, rukawat, rokaf. 
Den, s. gar, gopha. 
Denial, s. inkar, naff, radd-i-kalam. 
Denizen,s. bashinda,rahne-wala, shahari. 
Denominate, v. nam d. batana, kahna. 
Denomination, s. nam, ism, laqab. 
Denote, w. batlana, nishan d. 
Denounce, v. dosna, badnam. k. izhar k. 
Dense, a. kasif, mnnjamid, gara, sangin. 
Dental, a. danti, daudani. 
Dentifrice, s. manjan, sanun. 
Denude, v. khali k. nanga k. [dhamki. 
Denunciation, s. izhar, malamat, tahdid, 
Deodand, s. sadqa, niyaz. 
Deny, v. inkar k. munkir h. naff k. 

mukarna, na k. 

Depart, v. chale-jana, raw ana k. rihlat k. 
Department, s. uhda, khidmat. 
Departure, s. rawanagi, kuch, jana ; rihlat, 

wafat. [rakhna. 

Depend, v. latakna ; mutalliq h. ; bharosa 
Dependance, s. alaqa, taalluq ; tabidari ; 

itimad, bharosa. 

Dependant, s. mutalliq, mulhaq. 
Dependent, s. tabidar, daman-gir. 
Depict, v. taswir khinchna j taqrir k. 

bayan k. 

Deplorable, a. udas ; matamangez, kam- 
.bakht, mubtazal. [tana. 

Deplore, v. afsos k. zari k. rona, pachh- 
Deponent, s. gawah, shahid. [njarna. 
Depopulate, v. wiran k. takht-o-taraj k. 
Depopulation, s. wfrani, pacmali. 
Deportment, s. chalan, tarfq, raftar. 
Depose, v. shaludat k. ; tagir k. mau- 

(juf k. utai'iui. 
Deposit, s. amanat, wadiat ; girau. 

it, v. sompna, supurd k. rakhna. 
Depositary, s. aiiu'ii, khsi/sliiclii. 
Deposition, .s. shaliadat, irawalii: takhf-so 
Depository, s. jiiiH-kh;'uia, kotin'. r urjinia. 
'vc, v. kliai-iil) k. lalciii k. hum k. 
Depravity, s. tasad, tahahi, kliarahi, kha- 

basat, burai. 

Deprecate, v. istigfar k. u/.r clialmsi. 
Diprri'i!itc, v. qimat ghatana; subiik k. 

Liqarat k. 



Depredation, s lut, garat, takht-o-taraj. 
Depress, v. dabna, dabana, zer k. dil- 

tang k. afsurda k. [tangi, ud;isi. . 

Depression, s. dabao, pasti, zillat, dil- 
Deprive, v. le lena ; rokna, mahriim k. ; 

mazul k. 

Depth, s- gaihrao, umaq ; darmiyan. 
Deputation, s. wakalat, niyabat. 
Depute, u. bhejna, rawana k. ; wakil k. 

naib bhejna. 

Deputy, s. naib, wakil, gumashta. 
Dereliction, s. tark, chhorao. 
Deride, v. thattha k. istihza k. sukhra k. 

tamaskhur k. [sukhra. 

Derision, s. thattha, thatholi, istihza, 
Derivation, s. ishtiqaq, istikhraj ; bunyad. 
Derive, v. pana, milna, hasil k. ; masdar- 

se nikalna ; nasab k. 
Derogate, u. ghatana, beqadr k. haqir k. 
Derogation, s. hiqarat, beqadri, ruswaf. 
Derogatory, a. badnam dene-wala, buh- 

tan-saz, kamane-wala. 
Descant, u. taqrir k. bayan k. 
Descant, s. taqrir, bayan ; sarod, gan. 
Descend, v. utarna, nazil h. ; asl-se h. 
Descendant, s. nasl, anlad. 
Descent, s. utar, nazul ; nasheb ; hamla 

hujum ; asl, nasl, nasab. 
Describe, v. bayan k. batlana, taqrir k. 
Description, s. bayan, naql, tarif, tausif ; 

surat, taur, tarah. [tarif karne-wala. 
Descriptive, a. mubaiyin, na({l-kuiiau, 
Di'scry, v. takna, dekh-pana, maluin k. 
Desert, s. bay;ih;in,(laslit,l)a(liva,\viraua. 
Desert, a. wiran, simsun, kliali. 
Desert, s. qadr, lijiqafc, aacawBii. 
Desert, v. tarkk. chhord. chhor-bhagiui. 
Deserter, >-. hha^ira, bhaLTirii. [haqq h. 
Deserve, a. sa/.;i\var li. \i\n\ h. nmsta- 
Di'sign, N. irada, matlab, mausuba, a/m, 

fitrat, bandish ; na(|sha. 
Designedly, ad. jan-bujh-ke, qasilan, 

(lula-o-tlaiiista. [makkar. 

Designing, a. trluitf, raiig-amez, farehf, 
Desii'aliie.fMiiariruh: (lilpasaiul.dileliasp. 
Desii-e, s. chah, klnvahish, arzu, muri.l. 
Desire, u. chahna, kliwahish k. ; arzu- 

mand h, darklnvast k. j farmana. 



DET 



39 



DIA 



Desist, u. baz rakhna, dast-bardar h. par- 

. likhno-ki me/, [hez k. 

Desolate 1 , a. ujYir, -\viran, khali, be-chi- 

rag ; dilgir, udas. [taraj k. 

Desolate, v. ujarna, wiran k. takht-o- 
Desolation, s. wirani, kharabi ; dilgiri, 

asfurdagi. 

Despair, s. na-ummedi, yas, mayusi. 
Despair, v. na-ummed h. mayus h. [nak. 
Desperado, s. be-clar, gussewav, khaslnn- 
Desperate, a. na-ummed, mayus ; be-dar, 

liimrnati;majnun,diwana;be-hal,tabah. 
Despicable, a. kamina, zalil, khwar. [k. 
Despise, v. laaqir jaiina, hiqarat k. tazlil 
Despite, s. adawat, fasad ; zidd, mukha- 
Despoil, v. lut lena. [lafat. 

Despond, v. na-ummed h. mayus h. dil- 

tang h. [diltangi. 

Despondency, s. na-ummedi, mayiisij 
Despot, s. badshah-i-mustaqill, zalim. 
Despotic, a. mustaqill, mukhtar-i-kul. 
Despotism, s. istiqlal, tasallut, zulm. 
Dessert, s. nuql, tafakkuhat, mewa. [na. 
Destination,5.niyat,maqsud;maija,thika- 
Destine, v. muqarrar k. muqaddar k. 

mutaiyan k. [dir. 

Destiny, s. nasib, tali, qismat, qaza, taq- 
Dcstitute, o. ln-cliar, ajiz, be-nawa, dar- 

manda ; khali. 
Destroy, v. nest k. madum k. halak k 

ujiir d. barbiid k. clha d. [qatl. 

Destruction, s. halakat, wairani, paimali ; 
Destructive, a. muhlik, muzirr, mufsid. 
Desultoiy, s. be-rabt, be-sarrishta, be- 

tartib ; sarsari. 

Detach, v. juda k. alag k. ; bheina, ra- 
Detacliment, s. gol, dasta. [wana k. 
Detail, s. tafsil, mufassal bayan. 
Detail, v. mufassal batana, tafsil k. [na. 
Detain, t'.bazrakhna, atkana,rokna, rakh- 
Detect, v. dekh-pana, pakar pana, zahir 

k. fash k. [izhar. 

Detection, s. khata-giri, zuhur-i-fareb, 
Detention, s. atkao, rokao, qaid. 
Deter, v. darana, takhwif k. 
Deteriorate, v. kharab k. [qiq. 

Determinate, a. muaiyan, muqarrar, tali- 
Determination, s. qasd, istiqlal ; infisal. 



Determine, v. qasd k. ; muqarrar k. ; fai 

sal k. ; hadd bandhna ; chukaua. 
Determined, a. mustaqill, diler. 
Detest, v. makruh janna, karahiyat k. 

nafrat rakhna. 

Detestable, a. makruh, karih. 
Detestation, s. nafrat, karahiyat, istikrah. 
Dethrone, v. takht-par-se utarna, be-taj- 

o-takht k. 
Detract, v. ghatana, kam k. aibgoi k. gi- 

bat k. iftira k. 
Detraction, s. ghatao, khafif, aibgoi, gi- 

bat, iftira. 
Detriment, s. nuqsan, ziyan, khalal, khi- 

sarat. [mukhill. 

Detrimental, a. nuqsan, kuninda, muzirr, 
Devastation, s. ujar, paimali, wirani. 
Develop, v. kholna, zahir k. wazih k. 
Deviate, v. bhatakna, gumrah h. cluikna, 

gunah k. [khata. 

Deviation, s. be-rahf, gumrahi ; chuk, 
Device, s. tadbfr, hikmat, fitrat ; tugma, 
Devil, s. iblis, shaitaii. ' [nishani. 

Devious, a. be-rah, gumrah. 
Devise, v. tadbirk. ijad k. mansubadau- 

rana ; hiba k. wasiyat k. 
Devoid, a. khali, tihi, bagair, be. 
Devolve, v. dast-ba-dastana, pahunchna. 
Devote, v. tasadduq k. fida k. niyaz k. 

qurban k. ; makhsus k. [mail. 

Devoted, a. muqarrar, muaiyan ; masruf, 
Devotee, s. abid, zahid, riyazati. [maz. 
Devotion, s. bandagi, ibadat, taqwa, na- 
Devour, v. bhakosna, kha-jana, khana. 
Devout, a. abid, mutabid, namazi, parsa. 
Dew, s. os, shabnam ; tari. 
Dewlap, s. chaddar, gabgab. 
Dexterity, s. chalaki, tez-dasti, dastkari". 
Dexterious, a. chalak, tez-dast, dast-kar. 
Diabetes, s. silsil-i-baul. 
Diadem, s. taj, kulah-i-shahi. 
Diagnosis, s. tashkhis. 
Diagonal, a. kona koni khatt, gosha-dar. 
Dial, s. dhup-ghari. 

Dialect, s. zaban, bhasha, boli. [lama. 
Dialogue, s. sawal-jawab, guftgu, muka- 
Diameter, s. qutr, daire-ke bich-ka khatt. 
Diamond, s. hira, ahnas. 



DIL 



40 



DIS 



Diaphoretic, a. pasma nikalne-wala. 
Diaphragm, s. parda-i-shikm. 
Diarrhoea, s. is'hal, dast, jiryan-i-shikm. 
Diary, s. roz-uama. 
Dice, s. pasa, kabatain ; qimar. 
Dictate, v. ibarat batana ; farmana. 
Dictate, s. hukm, irshad. [numa. 

Dictatorial, a. hukmi, ba-hukumat ; khud- 
Diction, s. ibarat, iusha, muhawara, roz- 
Dictionary, .9. lugat, farhang. [marra. 
Didactic, s. nasihat-amez. 
Die, v. marna, faut h. wafat h. [umra. 
Diet, s. khana, khorak, taam. ; majlis-i- 
Differ, i?. juda h. farq h. khilaf h. ikhti- 
laf h. na-saz h. 
Difl'erence, s. farq, tafawat, ikhtilaf ; na- 

saz-gari, na-muwafaqat ; qaziya. 
Different, a. alag, juda, alahida, mukha- 

lif, mukhtalif. [durusht. 

Difficult, a. mushkil, dushwar, sakht, 
Difficulty, s. ishkal, dushwari, sakhti ; 

rausibat, pareshani, pech, jhanjhat. 
Diffidence, s. shakk, wahm, be-himmati ; 

hijab. 

Diffident, a. shakki, wahmi, be-himmat. 
Diffuse, v. phailana, chhitrana, muntashar 

k. rawaj d. 

Diffuse, a. phaila hua ; mufassal, tawil. 
Dig, v. khodna, garhaua. 
Digest, v. hazm k. pachana ; tartib k. 
Digest, s. ainon ka majmua. [arasta k. 
Digestion, s. hazm, pachao, guwar. 
Digit, s. ungli ; paun inch ; ahiid. 
Dignify, v. barhana, sarfaraz k. izzat d. 

martaba d. 
Dignity, s. martaba, qadr, mansab, izzat, 

jalal, iftikhar. [fasul k. 

Digress, v. bhatakna ; jhar-pahar k. 
Dike, s. khandaq, kluii ; band, pushta. 
Dilapidate, v. wiran k. tabnh k. 
Dilate, v. phailana, barhana, tawil k. 

mufassal kahna. 

Dilatoriness, s. deri, takhir, susti. 
Dilatory, a. Bust, der, kaliil, dhnna, 
Dilemma, s. hais-bais, dubdlia. [dirang. 
Diligence, s. koshish, milmat, tan-dilii, 

mulaziniat. [mula/iin. 

Diligent, a. mihnati, tandih, sargann, 



Dilute, r. patla k. raqiq k. zaif k. [tank. 
Dim, a. dhundhla, chundhla ; andhera, 
Dimension, s. andaza, paimaish, miqdar, 

arz-o-tul. [kam h. 

Diminish, v. ghatana, kam k. ; ghatna, 
Diminution, s. ghati, kami, takhfif. 
Diminutive, a,, chhota, kuchak, khurd. 
Dimity, s. doriya, gimti. 
Dimple, s. gal-gitta, chah-i-zanakh. 
Din, s. shor, gul, gauga, dhum. 
Dine, v. khana khana, chasht k. 
Dinner, s. khana, chasht. 
Dint, s. zarb, chot ; nishana, zor, quwat. 
Diocese, s. ipisquf-ka qalam-rau. 
Dip, v. clubna, clubana, gotad. ; mashgulh. 
Diphthong, s. lafif-i-maqrun, do harf-i- 

illat, mila hua awaz. [davaona. 

Dire, a. khaufnak, haulnak, haibatnak, 
Direct,a.sidha, mustawi ; saf,namashkuk. 
Direct, v. nishan k. nishana k. ; batlaiia ; 

hukm d. ; tartib k. sarnama likhna. 
Direction, s. rastaj pata, thikana; 

hukm ; sarnama. 

Directly, ad. sidha ; abhi, isiwaqt, fil-faur. 
Director, s. kar-kun, sar-kob ; mursliidr 
Dirge, s. marsiya, nauha. [p 

Dirk, s. khanjar, pesh-qabz. [malamat. 
Dirt, s. kichar, mail, kudurat ; tashni, 
Dirty, a. maila, kachela, galiz, najis ; 

na-saza. [lachari. 

Disability, s. na-tawanaf, be-qudratf, 
Disable, v. na-tawan k. be-taqat k. zaif k. 
Disadvantage, s. ziyan, nuqsan, khnlal. 
Disadvantageous, a. be-faida, lahasil. 
Disaffected,a,bad-khwah,naraz,sarkash. 
Disagree, u. na-muwafiq h. mukhalif h. 

jhagarna. 
Disagreeable, a. na-khush, na-pasand, 

nagawar, badmaza. [bigar. 

Disagreement, s. na-muwafaqat, ikhtilaf, 
!)is;:!lo\v, r. na-qalml k. inkark. radd k. 
Disappear, v. gaib h. na-padid h. jata 

rahna, kafur"ho-jana. ^ [rum k. 

Disappoint, v. na-ummcdk. niras k.mah- 
Disai)i)(rintnuMit, s. na-ummedi, mayusf. 
Disap])robation, .. iia-pasandi, n5U|nl)uli. 
nisi)])])!'ovo, ' lia-iimir/.ih'k.na-pasaml k. 
Disaster, s. afat, iimsibat, bad-bakhti. 



DIS 



41 



DIS 



Disastrous, a. kam-bakht. 
Disavow, v. inkar k. mukarna. 
Disavowal, s. inkar, naff. 
Disband, v. laslikar mazul k. ya tor-dena. 
Disbelieve, v. be-itiqad h. itibar na k. na 
Disburse, v. kharch k. sarf k. [manna. 
Disbursement, s. kharch, sarf, mukharij. 
Discard, v. bar-taraf k. mazul k. nikal d. 
Discern, v. dekhna, pahchauna, malum 

k. imtiyaz k. [fahm. 

Discernment, s. imtiyaz, tamiz, daryaft, 
Discharge, v. bartaraf k. mazul k. ; bojh 

ntarna ; khali k. ; ada k. ami k. ; 

chhurana, urana, phenkna ; girana. 
Discharge, s. bar-taraff, nikas ; urau, 

shallaq ; ada ; farig khatti ; safi-nama. 
Disciple, s. murkl, shagird, talrniz. 
Discipline, s. talim, tarbiyat j qaida, 

nizam ; tazir, saza. 
Disciplined, a. amokhta, mazbut. 
Disclaim, v. inkar k. chhorna. 
Disclose, v. kholna, fash k. batlana. 
Discolour, v. badrang k. dag-dar k. 
Discomfit, v. shikast d. magiub k. 
Discompose, v. ghabrana, muztarib k. 

barham k. ranjida k. 
Disconcert, v. khalald. muztarib k.torna. 
Disconsolate, a. afsurda, gamgin, dilgir. 
Discontent, s. be-qanaati, na-raz% na- 

khushf. 

Discontented, a. na-khush, na-raz. 
Discontinue, v. mauquf k. farig h. 

naga k. [fitna. 

Discord, s. na-muwafaqat, ikhtilaf, tasad, 
Discordant, a. na-muwafiq, mukhah'f, 

be-ahang. [k. fash k. 

Discover, v. dikhlana, zahir k. ashkara 
Discount, i). chota lena, batta lena. 
Discount, s. chota, batta. [na k. 

Discountenance, v. munh pherna, khatir 
Discourage, v. himmat torna, dil chhota 

k. takhwif k. 

Discourse, s. guftgu, mukalama ; waz. 
Discredit, s. be-itibari ; badnami, ruswai. 
Discredit, v. be-itibar k. khafif k. bawar 

na k. [imtiyaz. 

Discreet, a. hoshyar, fahmida, sahib-i- 
Discreetly, ad. hoshyai'i-se, tadbir-se. 



Discretion, s. hoshyan, initiyaz, aql. 
Discretionary, a. mutlaq-ul-inan, na- 

muqaiyad, na-basta. 
Discriminate, v. imtiyaz k. tamiz k. farq k. 
Discrimination, s. initiyaz, tamiz, tafriq, 
Discuss, v. mubahasa k. tajwiz k.[fahm. 
Disdain, s. ihanat, hiqarat. 
Disdain, v. hiqarat k. ihanat k. 
Disease, s. marz, azar, bimari. 
Disembark, v. jahaz-se utarna. 
Disengage, y. juda k. riha k. azad k. 

kholna, bekar k. 
Disengaged, a. muattal, azad. 
Disesteem, u. hiqarat k. be-izzat k. 
Disfigure, v. bad-surat k. bad-numa k. 
Disgorge, v. radd k. ugalna. [izzatf. 
Disgrace, s. ruswai, fazihat, zillat, be- 
Disgrace, u. be-izzat k. khafif k. 
Disgraceful, a. mayub, na-shaista,qabih. 
Disguise, v. chhipana, surat badal k. 

bhes banana. 

Disgust, s. nafrat, karahiyat, ghin. 
Disgust, v. nafrat k. karahiyat k. 
Dish, s. rikabi, tabaq, qab, sahnak. 
Dishearten, v. tang-dil k. shikasta-dil k. 
Dishevelled, a. pareshan. [himmat torna. 
Dishonest,a.bad-diyanat,be-iman,farebi. 
Dishonour, v. be-abru k. be-hurmat k. 
Dishonour, s. be-hurmati. 
Dishonourable, a. mayub, zalil, na-saz. 
DisincKnation, s. na-pasandi, nafrat. 
Disingenuous, a. makkar, riya-kar. 
Disinherit, v. miras-se mahrum k. irs-ee 

kharij k. 

Disinterested, a. be-garaz, be-tama. 
Disjoint, v. band band juda k. jor alak k. 
Disjunction, s. judai, iftisal, iftiraq. 
Disk, s. girda, qurs. 

Dislike, s. na-pasandi, nafrat, karahiyat. 
Dislocate, v. haddi faskh k. ya sark^na. 
Dismal, a. haulnak, haibatnak ; udas, 

gamgin ; tank, [torna. 

Dismantle, v. nanga k. utar lena ; pariah 
Dismay ,s. dahshat, haul, khauf,hiras, dar. 
Dismember, v. wazu juda juda k. tukra 

tukra k. 
Dismiss, v. rukhsat k. jawab d. ; bartaraf 

k. mazul k. kliarijk.j bhojua, rawaua k. 



ms 



42 



DIS 



Dismission, s. mkhsat, bartarfi, mazuli. 
Dismount, u. utama, nazil h. [kashi. 
Disobedience, s. na-farrnanbardari, sar- 
Disobedient,a.na-farmanbardar,Scirkash. 
Disobey, u. udul-hukmi k. sarkashi k. 
Disoblige, u. na-khush k. ranjida k. 
Disobliging, a. be-muruwat. [be/sir k. 
Disorder, s. bc-tartibi, be-intizami, dar- 

hami ; hangama, khalbali ; bimari ; 

iztirabi, ghabi'ahat. 

Disorder, v. darham-barham k. abtar k. 
Disorderly, a. be-zabt, darham-hai-ham. 
Disown, v. inkar k. munkir h. chhorna. 
Disparage, v. be-qadr k. khafif k. 
Disparagement, s. be-qadri, haqarat. 
Disparity, s. iia-hamwari, na-inuwafaqat, 

tafawat, farq. 

Dispassionate, a. halim, salim, burd-bar. 
Dispatch, v. bhejna, rawana k. ; ami k. 

jald tainam k. qatl k. [khanta. 

Dispatch, s. jaldi, shitabi ; qasid ; khatt, 
Dispel, v. dur k. dafa k. rat'a k. 
Dispensary, s. daw;i-k liana. 
Dispensation, s. taqsim ; muafi. 
Dispense, v. baiitiui, taqsim k. dena ; 

muaf k. rnkhsat k. 
Disperse, v. chliitkana, kliindaiiii, mnn- 

tashir k. para^mida k. whikast d. 
Dispersion, s. paragondagi) plmilao. 
Dispirit, v. azui^da k. dil-trmg k. himmat 

torna. [k. nhitpulat k. 

Disj)lace, v. beja rakhna, sarkana, tagir 
Display, v. dikliana, xahir k. aslikiira k. 
Display'; >'. i/liar, ])liailao, namud. 
Displease, v.iiakliuslik. Ixv.ark.ranji'dak. 
Displeasing, a. iia-Lruwar. 
Displeasure, .*. nakliuslii, l)e/.ari, khaia-'i. 
Disposal, s. iklitiyar, (]al>ri, hath. 
J)i^))us<'. r. fcartfb k. rakliiin; mail k. 

chain i;i: .'- ' " (liiia,beeh-(laliia: lieiui. 
Disjxised. n. Tinirattal), aia.sta : mail. 
Digposinoii, x. inti/.ain, tartfbj jni/aj, 

tiibiat, klm. 

Dispossess, v.l)e-dakhlk.kh:'irijk. uikald. 
Disprof.nrtion, N. bi--anil:i/agi, iia-minva- 

f'a(|ai, lal'av.at. 

Disprove, v. jhuthlaiia, batil k. radl k. 
Disputatious, c/. bahhas, hujjuti, takiiri. 



Dispute, s. bahs, mubahasa, hujjat, 

qaziya, takrar. 

Dispute, v. bahasna, takrar k. jhagarna. 
Disquiet, u. muztarib k. hairaii k. dukhd. 
Disquietude, s. bc-kali, iztirab. 
Disquisition, s. munazara, tafahhus, taj- 

AVJZ, taftfsh. [lat. 

Disregard, s. be-iltifatf, be-khabari, gaf- 
Disregard, u. na manna ; gaflat k. 
Disrelish, s. nafrat, karahat. 
Disreputable^.i-uswajna-shaistajmayub. 
Disrepute, s. rus-wai, badnami, be-izxati. 
Disrespect, s. be-iltifati, be-adabi, istih- 

qar. [muniwat. 

Disrespectful, a. be-adab, be-lihaz, be- 
Dissatisfaction, s. na-razf, na-khushi, be- 
Dissatisfied, a. na-raz, na-khush. [zari. 
Dissect, v. katua, qata k. tashi-ih k. ; 

taftish k. 

Dissemble, v. chhipana ; riya k. bahana k. 
Disseminate, v. phailana, mashhur k. 

ishtihar k. 

Dissension, s. jhagra, qaziya, munazaat. 
Dissent, v. na-nnnvati(i h. mukhalif raeh. 
Dissertation, s. taqrir, Itayaii, maijal. 
Dissimilar, a. mugaiyar, mi-imnvaiiq. 
Dissimilarity, s. n&-muwafaqat, ikhtilaf, 

tafawat. 

Dissimulation, s. makr, riya, mudara, 
Dissipate, v. urana, sarf k. liarbad k. 
Dissipated, a. nubash, awara. 
Dissipation, x. auhiishi, shvaragi. masti. 
Dissolute,a.aul)ash,awai'a,ba(hva/a,fin(l. 
Dissoliuion, .gndiz,pighl4h&^; kharabi, 

taklin'b; maiit, i'askh : liarl 
Dis^olve, r. u'luiina, gholna, |iighlana; 

gudii/ h. ; inaiKpir k. faskh k. 
Dissolve-lit, x. guila/iiula, ^ala;H>-wala. 
Dissonance. x. iia-nnnvalaqatjiia-ahanL'-f, 

lie-haniawa/i, na-inel. [pli 

I. bax rakhna, man;i k. dil 
Dissyllable, x. do hije-k;i laf/. 
Distance, x. (i'li'i, arsa, 1'asila ; tafawat ; 

mu<!dat : adab ; kashidagi. 
Distant, o. dur, baid, ha/.annand. 
Distaste, x. nat'rat, karahiyat, istikrah. 
Di>:cni|)er, x. ln'iuari, mar/, a/.ir. 

,d, r. pluiilaua, i'anikh k. phulana. 



mu 



43 



DOG 



Distent ion, s. phulao. 
Distich, s. bait, doh:t. [ri k. 

Disiil, r. tapakna, rhiina ; clm;ma, abka- 
Dist illation, s. tapkao, choao ; abkan, 

nrq-kashi. 

Distiller, if. abkar, kalar. [saf. 

Distinct, a. juda, mutafarraq, mnfassal, 
Distinction, 5. farq, tafawat, iintiy;i/. ; 

iz/at, shan. [maslmihan. 

Distinctly, ad. ba imtiyaz, mufassahina, 

etness, s. initiyaz, taruiz, safai, 

tnfawat. 
Distinguish, v. imtiyaz k. tamfz k. farq 

jtinna ; eharhana, namwar k. 
Distinguished, a. maruf, mumtaz, nam- 
war, nadir. 

Distort, r. aiuthna, pech d. khilaf batana. 
Distortion, 5. ainth, maror, poch ; khilafi. 
Distract, v. ashufta k. pareshan k. ghab- 

rana ; diwana k. [diwaiia. 

Distracted, a. ashufta, pareshan, hainin, 
Distraction, .'.orliabra hat, iztirabijbekali; 

diwaiiagi, ashuftagi, sauda. 
Distrain, v. qurq k. zabt k. rokna. 
Distraint, s. qurq, zabt, rok. 
Distress, v. taklif d. iza k. tasdi k. 

satana, pareshan k. [tangi. 

Distress, 6\ taklif, iza, tasdi ; pareshani, 
Distressed, a. pareshan, majbur, muflis. 
Distribute, v. bantna, taqsim k. qismat d. 
Distribution, s. bantai, taqsim. 
District, .-. zila,parganna, mahall, sarkar. 
Distrust, 5. g*unan, shakk, shubha, raib, 

be-itiqad. 
Distrust, v. gnman raklma, itiqad na 

rakhua, bawar na k. 
Distrustful, a. bad-guman. 
Disturb, r. bekal k. muztarib k. harj k. 

harakat d. [fasad. 

Disturbance, 5. harj, harakat ; hangama, 
Disunion, s. judai, na-ittifaqi, be-ittihad. 
Disunite, v. alag k. juda k. 

, .?. be-istimali, be-rawaji. 
Ditch, ^. khandaq, khai, nala. 
Ditto, s. aizan, mazkiir, wohi. 
Ditty, .s\ git, sarod. 

Diuretic, a. idrar-awar, mudir-ul-baul. 
Diurnal, a. din-ka, rozina, yauiui. 



Divo, r. gota marna, dubki mnrna. 
Divor, s. yota-x.an, i^ota-klior, gawaS. 
Diverge, r. ck nok so phailna. 
Diverse, . niiital'arriq, niukhtulif, rang- 

ba-raiig, gun-ii-u-nn. 

Diversify, v. rang-ba-rang k. [inln'raf. 
Diversion, .s. taniiislia, tafarruj ; sair; 
Diversity, s. farq, tafawat, rang-ba-ran<_ri, 

ikhtilaf. [khush'k. 

Divort, v. pherna, munharif k. ; bahlana, 
Divest, v. utarna, nanga k. khali k. 
Divide, v. hissa k. baritna, taqsim k. 

qata k. katna. [baklira. 

Dividend, s. inuqassam, maqsum ; hissa, 
Divination, s. ilm-i-gaib, falgoi, rainl. 
Divine, a. ilahi, rabbanf, ralimani. 
Divine, s. khadim-i-dm, murshid. 
Divine, v. fal kahna, peshgoi k. batana, 

daryaft k. [fi qa . 

Divinity, s. khudai, ilahiyat ; ilm-i-ilnhi, 
Division, s. taqsim, inqisam, liissa ; ikh- 
tilaf, adawat. 

Division, s. maqsum-alaihi. 
Divorce, s. talaq, itlaq, faskh. 
Divorce, v. talaq d. itlaq k. 
Divulge, v. zahir k. fask k. ashkf'ira k. 

barmala k. 

Dizziness, s. dauran-i-sir, ghumri. 
Dizzy, a. sargardan, madhosh. 
Do, v. karna, baja-lana, ami k. banana. 
Docile, a. tarbiyat-pazir, sahmut-taba. 
Docility, s. farman-bardari, tarbiyat, 

paziri, sadh;iwat. 
Dock, s. guddi, khan ; dund. 
Dock, v. landura k. dum katna ; jahaz- 

ko marammat k. [tabib. 

Doctor,s.maulavi,muallim;faqih; hakim, 
Doctrine, s. maslah, mazhab ; irfan, ilm. 
Document, s. sanad, nawishta, kagaz ; 

dalil, isbat. 

Dodge, v. kona-kam k. talmatol k. 
Doe, s. harni, ahu-mada. 
Doer, s. karne-wala, karta, knninda, fail. 
DotF, v. ntar d. 
Dog, s. kutta, sag. 

hi, magra. 
I, s. na saz bait. 
Dogma, s. qaida, qaiiun. 



DOU 



DUE 



Dogmatical, a. khud-nurna, barwaja-i- 

hakim, mustaqill. 
Dogmatism, s. khud-rae, hukumat. 
Dog-star, s. suhail. [muamalat. 

Doings, s. kam, kartut, afail, harakat, 
Dole, v. bantna. 

Doleful, s. gam-nak, dil-gir, andoh-gin. 
Doll, s. guriya, gudda, putla. 
Dollar, s. do rupiye-ka sikka. 
Dolphin, s. qism-i-mahi, dulfin. 
Dolorous, a. gam-nak, dil-gir, andoh-gin. 
Dolour, s. gam, udasi. 
Dolt, s. ahmaq, kunda. 
Domain, s. mulk, mamlukat, saltanat. 
Dome, s. gumbaz, qubba. [khas ; desi. 
Domestic, a. khaugi, gharela ; daruni ; 
Domestic, s. naukar, khana-zad. 
Domination, s. hukumat, sardarl ; zabar- 

dasti, zulm. [khudfaroshi k. 

Domineer, v. zor-o-zulm-se hukumat k. 
Dominion, s, hukumat, padshahat, sal- 
tanat ; diyar, nahiya, raj. 
Donation, s. bakhshish, ata, dan, nazar. 
Done, pa. kiya, karda, bana. 
DoTior, s. bakhshinda, dihinda, data. 
Doom, s. qaza, fatwa, hukm ; halak, 

tabahf. [thahrana. 

Doom, u. fatwa d. hukm k. muqan-ar k. 
Dcxjr, s. darwaza, dar. 
U(xn-ko(^)ur, s. darban, darwan, hajib. 
Dormant, a. sota hua, khutta j poshida, 
Dormitory, s. khwab-gah. [makhii. 

Dose, s. mautad, dawa-ki paimaish. 
Dot, 6 1 . nuqta, bindi, surma, [farc'luiia. 
iJocige, s. ashuftagi-i-piri, satli} 
I)o;;ird, s. pir-i-ablali, hawass-bakhta ; 

, mnjnun. 

Dotts v. ablah h. shofta h. farefta h. 
iL^ly, ad. be-nihayat, ba-shidd:u. 
DoiihU-, ,/,. duna, diiguna, dohra, do-tah, 

do-cliand ; (lii-r;uiL;;'i, do-mimlni. 
Double, v. dun:! k. (iohrana, do-cliand 

k. ; mopia ; gird jana, baz ana. [rob. 
Double- dealing, s. do-r:iiiLri, rivak:iri, i'a- 
hotihlti-mindcd, <t. makk;ir, liil:ih;i/.. 
Doubt,.s.sliakk,sliul)lia,,u;iui!;in, ishtibali. 
Doubt, v. .sliakkrakinui, sl:i;l-hu rakhnaj 

uiuk'ih;v Is. j paa-o-pcdh k. 



Doubtful, a. mashkuk,mushtabah,mush- 

kil ; khatar-uak. 

Doubtfully, ad. shubha-se. [yaqman. 
Doubtless, ad. be-shakk, lajaram, albatta, 
Dough, s. gundha hud ata, khamir. 
Dove, s. fakhta, kumri. 
Dovetail, v. jorna. 
Dower, s. jahez, dahez, mahr. 
Down, s. rom, roen ; maidan ; balu-char. 
Down, pr. niche, tale, zer, zatnin-par. 
Downcast, a. sar-nigun, zamin-par mail, 

sharmgin. 

Downfall, s. tabahi, kharabi, kliAvari. 
Downright, a. sada, saf, sidha, tiuihz. 
Downward, a. nicha, past ; niche, tale. 
Downy, a. narm, mulaim, roendar, rui-sa. 
Dowse, v. ghusa ya tamancha mania. 
Doze, v. unghna, nim khwab h. 
Dozen, s. barah, doazdah. 
Draft, s. hundi, bai^at. 
Drag, v. ghasitna, khainchna, tanna\ 
Draggle, v. litharna, maila k. 
Dragon, s. azhdaha, ajgar, nihang. 
Dragoon, s. sawar, turk-sawar. 
Drag-rope, s. gun. 
Drain, s. mori, badar-rau, muhri. 
Drain, v. pasaua, chhanna, nikalnd. 
Drake, s. bat-nar. 
Dram, s. misqal ; ghunt, sharbat. 
Drama, s. naql, natak. 
Dramatic, a. naqli, nataki. [ka karobar. 
Drapery, s. poshak, hulla, banao ; kaprc- 
Drau^-ht, x. ^'liuiit, <i;U!i-i-sl';iral> : nonh ; 

khinchao, kashidau'i .- mulir-kash ; naq- 

sha;musauwa<lda: kliasni; paiii-toriui, 

dast a, garoh ; hnnfli. 

! it-cattle, s. ladii gde goru, bojliail. 
Draw, r. kliaincliini ; u'liasitna, tanua; 

kasliisli k. : ijiiliiii ; lah 

ja/.l) k. farcila k. ; baud k. uikalna, 

iiikal d. 

Drawback, s. pliirtii. [hundi-navls. 

Drawer, s. kliaiiiclmo-wala ; iibkasli ; 
Drawbridge, s. ])ul-t.ak'ila, uthtiwan-])ul. 
Drawers, s. paojama, i/:ir. 
Di-awing, s. iKMjsiia, i'.ajsh-o-nigar. 
Dray, *. eliliakra. 
Dread, 6\ dar, duLshat, khuuf, huibat. 



DUO 



45 



DUR 



Drcnd, -u. darna, dahshat khana, khatra 

rak [haul-iiak. 

Dreadful, a. dnhshat-nak, haib; 
Divadiully, ad. b. 

Dream, <*. klnvab, rov-'i, kliival-i-kluun. 
Bream, v. kh\vab dekhna, khivul k. 
Dreamer, ^.khwab-dokhnewala; wahmf, 
khiynli. [wah-an. 

Dreary, a. inuliib, khatar-nak, sungan, 

. 8. talchhnt, dim!, kudurat. 
Drench, v. bhisroii:i. tarbatar k. jullab d. 
Dress, s. poshak, libas, kapre, nraish. 
Dress, v. kapra pahimia, :irasta k. ; 

pakana : tnarham patti lagaiia. 
Dribble, v. tapakna, chiiua. 
Driblet, s. khurda, reza. [banchliar. 
Drift, s. maqsad, irada, jraraz ; t lida, dher ; 
Di-ifc, v. chalaiia ; ainbiir k. tuda k. 
Drill, .5'. barma ; sipahion-ke qawaid. 
Drill, v. s-alna, surakh k. ; sipaliion-ko 

qav.'aid sikhaiia. 

Drink, s. sharbat, sharab, nosh, gliuut. 
Di-ink, ?. ])ina, uosh k. ghuntna. 
Drip, v. tapakna, nruqattir h. 
Dripstone, s. risa-patthar. 
Drive, v. hank d. hankarna, chalana ; 

thonkna ; dur k. nikal d. 
Diivel, v. lar tapkana ; hazar bolna. 
Driver, s. hank\vaya, gari-ban. 
Drizzle, v. phiihar parna, pliuhi girna. 
Droll, o.. ajib, maskhara, sliadi-angez. 
Dronicdary 3 s.saiidni,bukhti' ; unt-kiqism. 
Drone, s. majhul, sust, dhila, murda. 
Droop, u. murjhana, kumlilana, pazh- 

inurda h. ; zaif h. natawau h. 
Drop, s. qatra, buud, bundi ; aweza. 
Drop, v. girna, gir-parna, gira-dena ; 

tapakna ; ahiste kahna ; tark k. chhor- 

na ; iriarna. 

Dropsical, a. jalandari, mustisqi. 
Dropsy, s. istisqa, jalandar. 
Dross, s. mail, filizz, fnzla ; zangara. 
Drought, s. khushk-sali, khushki; piyas. 
Di-(3ve, x. iralla, halqa, qatar; hangama. 
Drover, s. galia-ban, chaupan, cliarwaha. 
Drown, v. dubaua, garq k. sailab k. 
Drowsiness, a. unghas, niad, khwab- 

iludagi. 



Drowsy, a. khwab-aludn, niudasii, kaliil. 
Drubbing, >-. inar-jn't, zad-kob. 
Druclgery,s.saki!t-o-liaqirminJiat,guhhiu. 
Dm;.;-, 8. !;.'\va, dririi. 

i-;t, .s\ attar, pansarf, dawu-farosh. 
Druiti, X. 1 11^ list an- ka qaditn imam. 
Drum, s. dhol, tambur, tal)l, nac.ara. 
Drum, v. tambur mania, tabl bajana. 
Drummer, s. dholiya, tambur-cin'. 
Drunkard,6'.matwal;i..sl]arabi,nasha-khor. 
Drunken, a. matwala, mast. [aha. 

Drunkenness, s. matwala-pan, masti, n?- 
Dry, a. sukha, khuslik, be-ras ; piyasa. 
Dry, v. sukhna, khushk k. sukhaua. 
Dryness, s. siiklunvat, khuski, yubusat, 

ruklur.vr.t; kashidagi, kudiirat. 
Dual, s. tasniya : a. musanna. [qarrar. 
Dubious, a. mashkiik, mashtaba, na-mu- 
Duck, s. bat, batak ; sir-jhukao. 
Duek, v. dabki mania, gota lagana ; sir- 

jhukana. 

Ductile, a. chimra, mulaim, narm. 
Ductility, s. chimrahat, narmi. 
Due,a.laiq,munasib,wajib,maqul ; baqf. 
Due, 5. qarz ; haqq, istihqaq ; mahsui, 
Duel, s. do shakhson-ki larai. [rusum. 
Duet, s. do shakhs milkar gane-ka ek rag. 
Duke, s. ala martabe-ka amir. 
Dulcimer, s. sitar, tambura, chang. 
Dull, a. ahmaq, kund; muthra; majhul, 

dhila ; tera, dhundh j khwab-nak ; 

udas, afsurda. 
Dullness, s. kund zihni, himaqat ; susti, 

kahili; dhundhlai ; khwab-naki. 
Duly, ad. thik, jaisa, chahiye. 
Dumb, a. gunga gung, bukm. 
Dumbness, s. gungai. 
Dun, v. taqaza k. dharna d. 
Dun, s. mutaqazi, qarz-khwah. 
Dunce, s. ahmaq, ullu, balid. 
Dung, s. gobar, lid, guh. 
Dungeon, s. siyah-chah, bhaksf, zindan. 
Dunghill, s. kura, gobrar, mazbala. 
Dupe, s. abla, farefta-shakhs, sada-dil 
Duplicate, s. naql, musanna, paith. 
Duplicity, s. do-rangf, riya, makr. 
Durable,.paedar,usi;uwar,qaim,Tnazbu:. 
Duration.s.paadari, qiy am,baqa, istinirar. 



EAS 



46 



EFF 



During, <pr. ta, bhar, jabtak, ma-bain, 

arse-men, darmiyan. 
Dusk, s. dhur-sanj, nima-sham. 
Dusk, a. andhera, siyah. 
Dusky, a. dhumla, dhundhla. 
Dust, s. dhul, gard, khak, gubar. 
Dust, v. dhul jharna j chhanna. 
Dusty, a. gard-aluda. [farman-bardar. 
Dutiful, s. shaista, muaddab, qadr-mnna, 
Duty,s.farz,wajibkhidmat,adab ; mahsul. 
Dwarf, s. bauna, nata, kotah-qad. 
Dwarfish, a. chhota, kotah. 
Dwell, v. rahna, basna, sukunat k. bud- 

o-bash k. ; taqrir k. 

D welling, s. g'har, makan, muqain, jagah. 
Dwindle, v, ghatna, sukarna, kam h. 

kotah h. tahlil h. 
Dye, v. rangua, rang charhana. 
Dyer, s. j-ang-rez, sab-bag. 
Dynasty, s. nasl-i-nialikan, nizhad-i- 
.1 )\ .-'(^iteiy, s. is'hal, jiiyan-i-shikam, sit- 
Dyspepsy, s. bad-hazrui, ajiran. [ras. 



E. 



Each, p. har ek, ek-ek. 

Each other, p. ek-digar, apas-men. 

, o. arzumand, mushtaq, tez, shau- 
!y, oil. shauq-se, arzu-se. [qin. 
ness, s. arzumandi, sargarm], 
siiauq ; tundi, tczi. 

8. uqab, nasar, huma. 
. kan, gosh ; khosha, bal. 
Earless, a. be-kan, be-gcsh. 
Earl, s. amir-i-dli mailahu. 

. t-;iwc] e, bnri fjijar ; jald, shitab. 
;'tii-i, lisisil k. k;isl) k. 

-limifjin. saf, bajiihi, sargartn, 

Li st., x. baisiiUi, (liutiii. | (iilsox. 

>i>L shaucj-st', (111 

| hal(|ii-i-' 

;iig, s. jliumka, biili, :.-i'.-inviir:i. 
itti, khak : : , mulk. 

-u, ". Ji)itti-k:'i, L'ili, ^ i i:\li. 
K:ir: liiv, c. ar/j.jahani, t!an\ ;:\ i. j ; siii;uii. 

. ; i/.ala, l>lii'i-clial. 
!.Mj cbaiii; lahut, bukh ; usani ; 
Ball 



Ease, v. aram d. asaish d. bahlana. 
Easily, ad. asani-se, suhulat-se, sahaj- 
East, s. mashriq, purab. [men- 

Easterly, a. niashriqi, sharqi, purabi j 

purab-ki taraf. 

Eastern, a. mashriqi, sharqi, purabi. 
Eastward, ad. ba-su-i-mashriq, purab- 

ki taraf. 
Easy, a. asan, sahl, salis, sahaj ; asuda- 

hal; mulaim,halim; be-pai-wa,niciiint. 
Eat,r. khana, nosh k. tanawul k. ; zaya k. 
Eatable, a. luiq-i-khurish, khane-jog, 

khurdaiii. 

Eater, s. khurinda, khane-wala, akkal. 
Eaves, s. olti, parchhati. 
Ebb, s. bhatha, jazr ; zawl, kast. 
Ebony, s. abiius. 

Ebullition, s. josh, ubal. [markaz. 

Eccentric, a. kaj-rau, be-qaida ; tarik-i- 
Eccentricity, s. kaj-rawj, kluibt. 
Ecclesiasticid, a. kalesa mansub, clini. 
Echo, s. gunj, sada, awaz-i-bazgasht. 
Echo, v. gunjna, awaz ana. 
Eclat, s. rauiuu] ; shuhrat, azamat. 
Eclipse, s. gahun, kiisuf-o-khusuf. 
Ecliptic, s. rah-i-affcab, nnntaq-ul-burnj. 
Economy, s. kluiua-da! 1 ], kit'ayat-shian', 

juz-rasi ; tartib, intizam. siii. 

Ecstasy, x. wajd, iK'-kluidi, nihayat kiui- 
Eddy, x. gird iib, hlianwar. [lab. 

. dliiir, d;iin, bar, hidclat ; kiiuirti, 
Kdj.''i:ip - , x. sanj;il', inag/.i. [hatliyar. 

: no], ,s-. dam-dtir, hatliyar, dhar-ka. 
lldililc, a. kliaiK'-ka, (jubil-i-iri/.a. 
Kdii-t, x. fan n an, riupn, i.shtil;ar-TiaTiia. 
: tion, x. talim, tarbiyat, tadil>. tn, 
Kdilic"-, x initirat, inakan. 
Edity, r. talim d. tarbiyat. k. 
Edit ion. x. chli;'i]):i, ch! 

.-.inuallit'. niiiratt ib.si! liai- : 
Kducatc, ;-. tarlilyal k. !a!n,i d. sikhana. 
Kdiication, x. tart'iyat, taliin, parwarish. 
. kirn, niar-im'thi. [k. : 

tiiii, initana, cldiihia, liakk 
\: !!(( !.('. Kuril a. liaj;i hma.amal-i.'u 

|iaii!:i 

ija. ririial : 
a!-0-J 



ELE 



EMB 



Effective, Effectual, . kar-saz, kari, 

iMiiasi-ir, kat'i. iiml'id. ' inam-se. 

;.;inul-anii, bil-kul, 1:i- 

iiacy..--. mi-manli, bu/.dili ; na/uki. 

si-ence, s. ubal, josh, ghuliy:in. 



Etlieient, a. kar-Sii/, qabil, kat'i, nmassir. 
Et'tigy, .-. surat, shakl, shabili, nigar. 
fflnvia, s. bh.-iph, bo, gaudh. [had. 

. s. koshish, sa'j, jidd-o-jahad, ijti- 

EHVoiHery, .s-. gustakhi, shokhi, be-hayai, 

be-sharmi. [nur. 

Ei}'ulgenco, 8. jila, jilwa, tajalli, raunaq, 

Kllulgriu. -. jila-dar. jalwa-gar, mujalla, 

::h;io.rezisli,vczi. [chamkila. 

S. aiida, Imiza. 

-111. s. khudi". niani. 
tist, ,v. kliud-l'arosh, klnid-numa. 

ions. c. iijal), iiKishur, kamil, sakht. 

3, s. baramad, iiikas. 
Ei^lit, a. ath, L;; 

.-en, a. atliarali, liazhdali. 
Eighth, a. atlnvau, haahtam. 
3'JitJier, p. koi ek, koi ; ya. 
Ejaculate, r. tlicnkna ; dua nagaL. kalina. 

lation, s. dua, durud. 
Eject, r. nikal d. kliarij k. radd k. bar- 
Ejection, i;. ikhi-aj ; radd. [taraf k. 

Ejectment, s. ikhrfij-iuima. [daqiq. 

Elaborate, a. amlf, mukammal, mukallaf, 
Elaborately, ad. mihnat-se, diqqat-se. 



Elastic, a. chimra, chimtha, lachila, dam- 
Elasticity^. chimthai, lachak, dam.[dar. 
Elate, r. plnilaiia, inagrur k. mutakabbir 
Elbow, s. kulmi, mirfaq ; kona. [k. 
Elder, a. jetha, bara, kalan, auwal. 
Eldest, a. sab-se bara, uaklrast-zad ya za- 
Elect, a. barguzida, pasandida. [da. 
Elect, v. ikhtiyar k. pasand k. chunlena. 
Elegance, s. nazakat, lutf, khush-numai. 
Elegant, a. latif, nazuk, naznin, khush ; 
Elegantly, ad. nazakat-se. [tuhfa. 

Elegy, s. marsiya, soz gudaz qasida. 
Element, s. unsui-, juz, sarisht ; ja, jagah ; 

tahrir. 

Elementary, a. pnsurf, asli, bnnyadi. 
Elephant, s. MtLf, ffl, pfl. 



. l'il-p;i. \':\\->\v. k. 

Mlevate, r. iithan'i, Itarhana, bulaiid k. 

Elevated, c. uneha, bulaiid, 
j farfi/.i 

Eli-vat ion, N. bulaudi, irtii'ii, uncluij, sar- 

Eleven, <'. iu'arah, gyarah. 

El it-it, i'. nikalna, ]>aida k. 

Eligible, ". l;ii(|-i-ik!itiyar, nian/ilr, bil> 

Hlisioii, x. lia/f, hai'C-ka girao. 

Elixir, s. aksir. lu'i 1 , ara(|. 

Elk, s. barah-singa, ga^vazn. 

Ell, .s. sa\va-'j-a;-:. 

. shakl-i-baya/i. 

Ellijisis, N. ta(idir-i-kalam. 

Elliptical, a. bai/awi; iniikliinsar. 

Elocution, >-. iasahat, zabiinawai'i. 

1'jlope, r. bliagna, ehaTii])at h. lirar k. 

Elopement, s.champat,! ih ;ig, firar, gurez. 

Eloquence, s. f'asaliat, baliijrar, khush-gof. 

Eloquent, a. fasih, balig, khush-guftar. 

Else, p. aur, diisra, digar, 

Else, ad. nahin to, juz, ilia, wa-gar-na. 

Els(>wlu-iv, ad. aur-kahm. aur-ja. 

Elucidate, v. l)avan k. sainjhana, wazih k. 

Elucidation, s. tafsil, bayan. [zahir k. 

Elude, v. bachna, chhutna ; hila k. 

Elusive, a. bahkau, bhulaii. 

Elysium, s. bihisht, 

Emaciate, v. dubla k. lagar k. nahif k. 

Emaciation, s. dublai, latran. 

Emancipate, v. azad k. chhop d.[chhorao. 

Emancipation, s. azJ.di, takhlis, rihai, 

Embalm, v. momiya k. khiish-bu bharna. 

Embankment, s. pushta-bandi, band. 

Embargo, s. jahaz-ke chalne-ki sarkari 
manhaf. 

Embark, v. jahaz-parcharna ; mashgulh. 

Emban-ass, r. ghabrana, rnuztarib k. 

Embarrassed, a. hairan, sar-gardan, ajiz. 

Embarrassment, s. iztirab, tasdi, pjch. 

Embassy, s. elchi-gari, paigam. [garna. 

Embellish, v.arastak araish d. zob d. sin- 

Embellishment, s. zeb, zebaish, zinat, 

Embers, s. bhubhal, angare. [araish. 

Embezzle, v. khiyanat k. gabn k. ; urana. 

Embezzlement, s.tahwil-katorao; khiya- 
nat, chori. 
Emblem, s. alamat, nislum, namudar. 



ENA 



48 



END 



Embrace, v. bagal-giri k. gale lagna, 

agosh k. lena, shamil k. 
Embrace, s. bagal-giri, agosh. 
Embroider, v. karchobi k. zar-dozf k. 

chikau-dozik. buta nikalna,gul-butak. 
Embroidery, s. karchobi, zar-clozi, chi- 

kau-dozi. [phasana. 

Embroil, v. barham k. fasad karwana ; 
Emerald, s. zamairud, panna. 
Emerge, v. nikalna, tulu h. uthna. 
E mcrgen cy ,s. hadisa, zarurat. afat; zuhur . 
Emery, ^. kurand, kiiranj. 
Emetic, s. muqai, qai-awar, qai-kf dawa. 
Emigrant, s. shahar-badar, jala-watan- 

kuninda. [watau k. 

Emigrate, u. apna mulk chhorna, Jala- 
Eminence, .9. uiichau, pnshta ; sarfarazi, 

buzurgi, manzalab. 

Eminent, a. buland, ala,murtafi, bnzurg, 
Emissary, s. jasus, bhediya. [nami. 

Emit, r. nikalna, bhejna; dena; mahakna. 
Emmet, s. chyvmti. 
Emmollient, a. mulaiyin, narm-saz. 
Emolument, s. nafa, hasil, faida, sud. 
Emotion, s. josh, lahar, mauj, andesha. 
Empale, v. gherna, ihata k. : suli d. 
Emperor. >. shahanshah, sultan. 
Emphasis, s. lafz-par zarb, tf'iqid. 
Empliatic, ". taqidi, bhai-i, zurdar. [nat. 
Empire, 5. shRhattshaliijbadshaJiafcj'salta- 
KmjMi-ic, s. nim-hakim, kacha, tabib. 
Employ, v. Tiaukri-men Inuana, masligul 

k. khidmat d. ; istimal k. ; sai k. ; 

maqarrar k. 
Employment, 8. kam, karobar, shngl, 

klmlnrit, ulida. 
Knijim iiiui, s. arang, luith. 
Enipo\vi;r, c. ikhliyar d. mukhtiir k. 

(judrai. d. 

Kmpress, .s. malika, snltiina. [be-bar. 
Minpty. ".klu'ili, tilii, siuian ; khali-mag/, 
Emulate, r. gibta k. hainsan k. 

raklirui. [rashk. 

Kmiiliuion, s. pibt-a, irairaf, liamsan, 
Kmulous, a. gibta-numa, irairat-mand, 

hii'-i. !>il k. 

Enable, ?'. fu'nvat d. mnn.din- k. (^r'niu k. 
Eiuiet, f. tuiiuaiiu, ir.Uvni d. i;u\\:i d. 



( Enamel, s. mina, ab, jila. 
I Enamel, v. minakari k. 
Enamour, v. ashiq k. farefta k. shefta k. 
Encamp, v. khima dalna, muqam k. 

dera k. [parao. 

Encampment, s. kliima, gall, lashkar-gah, 
Enchant, v. afsun k. jadu k. mohna. 
Enchanter, s. jadugar, afsiingai', sahir. 
Enchanting,a.dil-fareb, dil-bur, dil-kash. 
Enchantment, s. afsungari, jadugari, sihr. 
Enchase, v. jarna, jarao k. thasa k. 
Encircle, v. gherna, gird k. muhasarn k. 
Enclose, v. gherna, ihata bandhna, bar h. 

bandhna; malfufk. [lifafa. 

Enclosure, s. ghera, ihata, bar, sadd ; 
Encomium, s. tarif, madh, tahsm, afrin. 
Encomp^ass,v. gherna, gird k.muha.sara k. 
Encounter, s. larai, jang', jadal : mulaqat. 
Encounter, v. larna, muharaba k. : muqa- 

bala k. mulaqat k. [jama k. 

Encourage, v. himmat d. diler k. khatir- 
Encouragement, s. taqwiVat, tasallf, 

dilasai, himayat. 
Encroach, v. dast-darazi k. dakhl k. 

tatawal k. 
Encroachment, s. dast-darnzf, nahaqq 

dakhl, tatawal. [rokna. 

Encumber, v. bojh d. ladna, atkana,. 
Encumbrance, s. bojh, bar, taarruz, 

mana, atkao, rok. 
Encyclopedia, s. majma-ul-ulum. 
End, s. akhir, intiha, aiajam, tarn ami; 

rihlat, maut. 

End, v. tamam k. akhir k. nibahna. 
Endanger, v. khatre-men dalna, mukha 
Endear, r. !'>ziz k. pyara k. [tara k* 

Kiulcarment, s. dil-dari, dil-nav\-axi, 

lunva/ish, muhabbat. '.nat k. 

Endeavour, v. sai k. qasd k. koshisli k. 
Endeavour, .. .sai, koshisli, jidd-o-jaiid. 
Endless, a. v be-intiha, be-hadd, be-shu- 

mar, iniuhim. 

Endorse, o. dast-khatfc k. ; sakarna. 
Endow, v. jahe/ d. ; wacjf k.; wasf rakhua. 
Endowment, s. \\-,\i\f ; \vasf, hunr. 
Endue, u. ata k. ; fa/flat d. aql bakhshna. 
Kiuim ; . idoiif, subr, tab ; da- 

warn, tuyatu. 



49 



ENV 



Endure, v. brmlasht k. tahammul k. ; 

ralnui, qaim h. paedar h. [lif. 

. s. dnshman, adu, khasm,mukha- 
'; ic, a. imiassir, qavi, mustahkam. 
Energy, s. quwat, qndrat, zor. 

;;te, r. kamzor k. zaif'k. natawan k. 
En force, ''.chrdana, jarik. amal-meri lima. 
Enfranchise,^', azad k. khalask. chhorna. 
Engage, v. mashgul h. muqarrar k. k:lm- 

men lana, khiiiclma ; shart k. qaul k. ; 

giro rakhna ; larna. [girawida. 

i'd. a. mashgul, masruf,mushtagil; 
mient, s. kam, shugl ; shart, iqrar ; 

larai, Jang. [fareb. 

a. dil-kash, dil-navraz, dil- 
Eugender, r. paida k. janmaiia, janna. 

',s. kal,alat, hathy ar ; harba j dolab. 
^ igineer, s. kal-saz, alat-saz, mjmar. 

!i, a. Angrez : s. Angrczi. 
~~ igrave. v. kanda k. qalamkarf k. khodna. 
Engraver, s. kaiida-kar, muhrkan. 
Engross, v. sab ajnas mol-lena ; mash- 
gul k. ; saf likhna. [peshdasti k. 
Enhance, v. qimat charhana, ziyada k. 
Enhancement, s. barhti, ziyadati. [heli. 
Enigma, s. muamma, ramz, chistan, pa- 
3E3nigDM,tical, a. muglaq, daqiq, muslikil. 
Enjoin, v. farmana, hukm d. takid k. 
Enjoy, v. raklma, tasarruf k. khushi k. 

kamyab h. [kamyabi. 

Enjoyment, s. tasarruf, istimta, khushi, 
Enlarge, v. barhaua, knshacla k. ziyada 

k. : azad k. [azndi, rihai. 

Enlargement, s. barhao, kushadagi ; 
Enlighten, v. ujla k. roshan k. ; munau- 

war k. tarbiyat k. [sahib-kamal. 

Enlightened, a. roshan-rae, roshan dil, 
Enlist, r. bharti k. nam likhna. 
Enliven, v. zinda k. khush k. tczfahm k. 
Enmity, s. dushmaui, adawat, bugz, 

khusiimat. [muazzaz\. 

Ennoble, v. sarfaraz k. musharraf k. 
Enormity, s. shararat, gunah-i-kabir, 

burai. [sakht. 

Enormous, a. azim, bara ; shadid, sharir, 
Enough, ad, bag, kafi ; kifayat. 
Enquiry, s. sawal, pursish, istifham. 
Enrage, v. gussc k. gazabnak k. barhamk. 



Enrapture, v. wajd karaua, klulshdil k. 

bag-bag k. 
Enrich, v. daiilatmand k. tawangar k. 

tii/a k. sansgar k. [likhna. 

Enrol, v. ism-nawisi k. fihrist-par 11:1111 
Enrolment, s. ism-naAvisi. 
Enshrine, v. mutabarrak jankar hifazat- 

men raklma. 

Ensign,.*, iiishan, jhandajnishan-bardar. 
Knslavo, v. gulam k. banda k. tabi k. 
Ensnare, v. phandna, phasana, giriftar k. 
Ensue, v. hona, ajana, iiatija h. 
Entail, v. baiidlma, shart-se lagana, 

charhana. [barham k. 

Entangle, v. uljhana, phasana, darham- 
Enter, v. dar ana ya jana, bhitar ana, 

dakhil li. [i-azrn. 

Enterprise, s. sakht kam, muhimm, kar- 
Enterprising, a. himmati, diler, janbtix. 
Entertain, v. mihmani k. ziyafat k. ; 

guft-o-gu k. bahlaua; khusli k. ; qabul 

k. ; raklma. 

Entertainer, s. mihmandar, mezban. 
Entertainment, s. mihmandari, ziyafat ; 

tamasha ; khushi. 
Enthrone, v. takht-par baithana. 
Enthusiasm, s. sargarmi, gairat, khiyal- 

i-batil. [assib. 

Eiithusiast,s.sargaram,atashmizaj,muta- 
Eniice, v. wargalana, phuslana, fai'eb d. 

targib d. [farebi. 

Enticement, s. targib, igwa, jazb, dil- 
Entire, a. tamam, kull, kamil, sara, pura. 
Entirely, ad. bil-kull, sarasar, sarbasar. 
Entitle, v. haqq-dar k, mustahiqq k. 

khitab d. nam d. sarnama likhna 
Entitled, a. haqq-dar, mustahiqq, khitab- 
Entomb, v. garna, dain k. gor d. [dar. 
Entrails, 6'. antriyan, anten, rode. 
Entrance, s. dakhl, daramad, rasai. 
Entrance, v. gash-men dalna, bakhud k. 
Entrap, u. phiindna, phasana, giriftar k. 
Entreat, -u.iltij a k. iltimask. darkhwa.st k. 
Entreaty,s.iltija,iltimf'is,niyaz,darkhwast 
Entry, *. dakhl, madkhul, raata ; iiavishta. 
Enumerate, v. ginna, shumar k. tidad k. 
Enumeration, s. ginti, shumar. 
Envelope, s. lifafa, gilaf, khol. 



EQU 



50 



EST 



Envelope, 1;. malfuf k. lapetna, dhiimpna. 
Envenom, v. zahr-luda k. zahr-dar k. 
Enviable,a.wajib-ul-hasad,qabil-i-rashk. 
Envious, a. hasid, hasud, bad-chashm. 
Environ, v. gherna, ihata k. muhasarak. 
Environs, s. gird-pesh, atraf, pairaman. 
Envoy, s. elchi, wakil-i-badshah. 
Envy,s.hasad,rashk,hasrat,badchashmi. 
Envy, v. hasad k. khunsana. 
Ephemeral, a. ek din-ka, chandroza, fani. 
Ephemeris,s.roznama-i-saiyarari,taqwim. 
Epic, a. dastanf, liikayat-go. 
Epicure, s, shikam-parwar, aiyash, pctu. 
Epidemic, a. phaila hua, amm ; \vaba. 
Epigram, s. latifa, zarifa, rubaf. 
Epilepsy, s. mirgi, sara. 
Epilogue, s. khatima ; naql, qissa. 
Episode, s. bat-men bat, qissa dar qissa. 
Epistle, s. khatt, nama, ruqa, maktub. 
Epistolary, a. khattf, maktubi. 
Epitaph, s. kutaba-i-qabar. 
Epithalamium,s.sarod-i-nikah.arus-adai. 
Epithet, s. laqab, sifat, khitab, nam. 
Epitome, s.ikhtisar, muklitasar, khulasa. 
Epoch, 5. tarikh, sana, ssika. 
Equal, a. barabar, eksan, hamwar. 
Equality, s. barabari, musawat, hamsarf. 
Equally, ad. bai-abar, eksan. 
Equanimity, s. qarar, iticlal, dil-ki ham- 
Equator, s. khatt-i-istnva. [\varf, sabr. 
Equestrian, a. sawari, sawar. 
Equidistant, a. lumi-fYisila, liam-dur. 
Equilateral, a. cliuroii tai-al' Ijarabar. 
Equilibrium, s. hain-\va/.anf, itidal. 
Etjiiinox, x. iiidal-i-lail-o-riahar, roz-o- 

shah-ka Itaiabari ; vernal , itidsil-i- 

ralii ; autumnal, itidal-i-kliai-i'i'i. 
E(ltu'l), v. iiinsallah k. larai-ki hathyar 

liandliiui : ar;ista k. SMX-O-SMIKUI if. 
K(liii|)sifi-,x. sai'iuijaiu, lawa/ima, sawan'. 
Ki|iii;al)lc, a. li;i(|i|, ra.-i, adil, uinii.sii'. 
i;(|iii;y, ..-. meaf adl, i-asii, JI;K,(J. 
K([ui\ alc]it,a.hain-qmiat, barabar, ham- 

tai|ai, i\va/. 
K(liii\-ocal, a. do-mani-diir, mubliam, 

inaslikuk. 
EquivocntOjV. pench-panch bat k. /,al);in 

palatna 



EVE 



51 



EXC 



late, .. baraward, hisab ; qiyas. 
; e, u. aiuh'i/.ak. tashklu* k. qiyas k. 
.tion, s. andaza; rae, qiyas ; izzat, 
Estrange, v. bcgana k. jt uthana. [qadr. 
Estuary, s. samundar-ki khari. 

a, 'i<l. Ava-gaira, gaivzalik. 

Eternal, a. azali o-abadf, jawedan, daim. 

Eternallv, at?, abadan, mudam, hamesha. 

Eternity, s. azal-o-abad, muda-wamat, 

hameshagi. 

. >\ haAva-i-khalis ; qism-i-dawa. 
val, a. asmani, samawi, hawai. 
:s, s. ilm-i-akhlaq, pand-nama. 
Etymology, s. sarf ; ishtiqaq, wajh-i-tas- 
Etymoii, s. asl, asli lafz, masdar. [miya. 
jEulogium, s. tarif, madh, Sana. 
Eunuch, s. klioja, khwaja-sara, hijra. 
European, <"'. farangi, wilayati. 
Evacuate, v. khali k, nikalna ; nikalna. 
Evacuation, s. chhorao, nikal-ana ; dast, 
Evade, u. talna,baclma; bahaiia k.[jhara. 
Evanescent, >:<. tVmi, ^ail, chalta-hua. 
Evangelical, a. inuwanq-i-injil. 
Evangelist, s. injil-nawis, injil-kakliatib. 
lize, r. injil-ka waz k. I'smvi maz- 
liab-men laiia. 

Evaporate, v. ur-jana, hawa liojana. 
Evajioration, 5. bukliar hoke urna, bhaph 
hojaiia. 

m, s. talmatol, bahana, hila-sazi. 
Evasive, a. hila-l)az, dhokka-baz, gol-gol. 
Even, a. barabar, hamwar, muatawi, si- 

dlia ; dhira. 

Even, Ojdj. bhi, hi, waqai, sach, "\vaisa-hi. 
Evening, s. sham, sanjh. 
Evenness, . hannvari, baraba.ri. 
Event, 5. sar-guzasht, waqia, majra, nati- 

ja, phal. 

Eventful, a. pur-hadisa, gardishi. 
Ever, ad. kabhi, kadhi, hargiz, hardam, 

hamesha. 

Evergreen, a. sada-bahar, hamesha taza. 
Everlasting, a. abdi, azli, jawidan, qaim. 
Evermore, ad. hamesha, sada, mudam. 
Every, a. har, har-ek, ek-ek, sab. 
Everyday, s. har-roz, din-din. 
Everywhere, ad. har-jagah, har-kahm, 
charon taraf. 



Evidence, s. ga-vvahi, shahadat, daliJ, 

isbat, gawah, shahid. 
Evident,a. zahir, ayan,mashhur, malum. 
Evidently, ad. zahiran, sarihan. 
Evil, a. bura, bad, zabun, khwar, kharab. 
Evil, s. btirai, badi, zabuni, shararat ; 

afat, bala. 

Evilminded, a. bad-batin, bad andesli. 
Evil- speak ing, s. bad-goi, aib-goi, if- 

tira-kari. 

Evince, v. zahir k. dikhlana ; dalil lana. 
Ewe, s. bheri, merhi. 
Ewer, s. aftsiba, ibriq, abdan. 
Exact, a. thik, durnst, saluli; muntazam. 
Exact, v. talab k. tacjaza k. clabake lena. 
Exactness, s. durustf, barabari, si'ihat, 

bariki. [ra k. 

Exaggerate, v. mubalega k. lamba-chati- 
Exaggeration, s. mubalaga, tiil-i-kalam. 
Exalt, u. barhana, sarfaraz k. tahsin k. 
Exaltation, s. bulandi, irtifa, sarfara/i, 
Exalted, a. sar-faraz, sarbuland.[tara(jqi. 
Examination, s. imtihan, tajwiz, tajriba, 

taftish. 

Examine, v. azmana, taftish k. tajwiz k. 
Examiner, s. mumtahin, tajribakar. [sal. 
lOxample, s. namuna^, namiiclar, rasm, 1 1 ia- 
Exasperate, v. khafa k. gussa k. khijana. 
Excavate, v. khodna, korna, khokhla k. 

garlm k. [khokh. 

Excavation, s. khodai ; garha, khokhla, 
Exceed, 'v. ziyada h. barhna. 
Exceeding, a. bahut, nihayat, bisyar. 
Excel, u. afzal h. bihtar h. sabqat lena. 
Excellence, s. fazilat, fauqiyat, tarji'h ; 

qadr, lutf, khubi. [bhalai. 

Excellency, s. hazrat, buzurgi ; khubi, 
Excellent, a. fazil, sharif, khass, khub. 
Except, pr. siwa, ba-juz, ba-gair, bidiin. 
Except,f. chhor d.fai-oguzasht k.istisna k. 
Exception, s. chhut, tark, istisna. 
Excess, s. bahutat, kasrat, ziyadati, ifrat. 
Excessive, a. nihayat, ziyada, bahut. [dat. 
Excessively, ad. bahut, be-hadd, be-shid- 
Exchange,s. adlabadli,muawaza; chauk. 
Exchange, v. badalna, adlabadli k. mua- 
Exchequer, s. khalisa, khazina. [waza k. 
Excise, s. mahsul. 



EXH 



52 



EXP 



Excite, v. uthaua, chhcrna ; targib d. 
ragib k. [ghabrahat. 

Excitement, s. tahrik, targib ; hairani, 
Exclaim, v. chilana, pukania, shor k. 
Exclamation, s. shor, gul, faryad, figan, 

\vawaila. 

Exclude, v. nikal d. kharij k. mahruni k. 
Exclusion, s. ikhraj, mahrumi, phirao, 

dursazi. 

Exclusive, a. alawa, masiwa, chhor-ke. 
Exclusivol v, ad. alawa, siwa. 
Excommunicate, v. musahabat-se nikal d. 

mahrum k. 

Excommunication, s. ikhraj, bedakhli. 
Excoriate, r. chhilna, chamra ukharna. 
Excoriation, s. kharash, chat, ragar. 
Excrement, s. gun, gait, alaish. 
Excrescence, s. inassa, masbird. 
Excruci::tc, v. azab k. azar k. dukh d. 
Exculpate, r.be-gunahthahrana, muafk. 
Excursion, s. sair, gasht, takht. [i-afu. 
Excusable, a. mazur, vvajib-ul-uzr, qabil- 
Excuse, v. uzr k. bat banana, muaf k. 
Excuse, s. uzr, bahana. mazai-at ; muaf, 
Execrable, a.makruh, kan'li, nialun.[afu. 

ate, v. kosna, lanat k. istikrah k. 
Execration, s. lanat, sarap. [fjfitl k. 
Execute, v. karna, bajana, tamam k. ; 
1 1 ion, s. amal, jtda, karguzari; qatl. 
Executioner, s. jallad, qatil. 
Executor, s. wasi ; amil, kar-kun. 
Exemplar, s. namuna, na/ir, misal. [nasih. 
,\>\;\ry, a. ibrat-nurna, maqul, nek ; 
;.liiy, v. misal leiu'i, ibrat-sc bayaii 
k. tamsil k. 

Exempt, v. azad k. khalas k. bacha r. 
; it ion, s. muf},&2adi,baohjio, i-iliaf. 
L86, .^. istianuil, shugl, riya/at, 
; qawaid. [qawiiid 1;. 

. istiamal k. shugl k. amal k. 
. v. koshish k. jitUl-o-jalid L l:ni- 
dilii k. [tandilii. 

Exertion, 5. kosliish, .^af, jidd-o-jalul, 
E:\linla; ;o D, 9. 1 rki;;'.:-. liluipli, rih. 

I, v. bukliar i.; Jn'r k. 



it, v. khah' k. kharch k. surf k. 
luunda k. 



Exhibit, v. zahir k. dikhlana, ashkara k. 
Exhibition, s. izhar, dikhlai, namudari ; 

tamasha. 

Exhilarate, v. khush k. shad k. bag-bag k. 
Exhilaration, s. khushi, tafrih. 
Exhort v. nasihat d. vraz k. targib d. 
Exigency, s. ihtiyaj, zaiurat, tangi. 
Exile, s. jalawatan, shalii'-badari ; shahr- 

badar, be-watan. 
Exist, v. hona, rahna, maujud h. 
Existence, s. hasti, wajud, bud, zindagi, 
Existent, a. maujud, hota. [hayat. 

Exit, s. rawaiiagi, kuch, inaut, rukhsat. 
Exonerate, v. azad k. ibra-e-zimma k. 
Exorable, a. uzr-pazir, mulaini. 
Exorbitant, a. nihayat, be-andaz, be- 

hadd, be-qiyas. [na. 

Exorcise, v. bhiit nikal d. jharna, phunk- 
Exordium, s. dibaja, ibtida, khutba. 
Exotic, a. bidesi, ajnabf, garib. [khilna. 
Expand, v. phailana, bichhana, kholua, 
Expanse, s. wasat ; darazi ; asman. 
Expansion^, phailao, kushadag]',bichhao, 

wasat. [bay an k. 

Expatiate, v. sair k. pherna ; tai'sil k , 
Expect, v. rah deklma,intizark. ummed r. 
Expectant, a. rmmtazir, ummedAvar. 
Expectation, s. intizar, tai-assud, ummed, 
qquf. ! ^vari. 

Expediency, s. munasabat, liyaqat, saza- 
Expedieiit, a. munasib, laiq, sa/awar, 

shaisia. 

Expedient, v. tadbir, iliij, tadaj-uk, chara. 

:re, v. tajilk.jaldk.shitabk. as;'m k. 

Expedition, s. jaldi, shitabi, chalaki : sa- 

i'ar; azimat, ga/.a. [lak. 

Expeditious, a. jald, shitab, C'hust, eb.a- 
Expel, v, hankna, nikiil d. iklinij k. [na. 
Ex])end. v. khavch k. savt'k. ai-;ui:i -. 
Ex])ended, a. masruf, khareli ho-gayji, 
16, >'. kliarr -^'/.ul. 

Expensive, u. kliarchi, uiusrif, urau ; qi- 

i, garan-ltaliri. 
Kxperieiu'i 1 , >'. iiati'ian, tiijriba, wa(jif- 

ki'irf, a/iui'iilakai'i. [dasht k. 

"Experience, v. a;:m:iish k. tajriba k. bar- j 
E.vpcricnced, O. zi/nnida-ktir, waqif. 
Li])erimeiit ; s. a^uii^h, imtihan, tajriba. j 



EXP 



53 



EXU 



Expert, a. chnst, chalak, \vaqif-kar, kar- 

aznuiila. [takfir. 

Expiable, a. kafara-pazir, mumkin-i- 
Exphte, v. kafara d. takfir k. gun;ih mi- 
Expiation, s. kafara, takfir, diyat.[tana. 
Expiatory, a. kafara-maiisub, takfir-ku- 

nincla. [anjam ; maut. 

Expiration, s. damzani, taiiaffus ; akhirat, 
Expire, r. dam chhorna, mania ; ajdiir h. 

gnzar-jana. 

Exjtlain, v. batana, samjhana, bayan k. 
Explanation, s. bayau, tafsir, tafsil, 

tasrih, tabir. [sir-nuina. 

Explanatory, a. musliarrih, bayani, taf- 
Expletive, s. takya-kalam, sukhan-takya. 
Explication, s. bayan, tafsil, tasrih. 
Explicit, a. saf, sarih, \vjizih, zahir. 
Explicitly, ad. saf-saf, sarihan, zahiran. 
Explode, r. phut ya chhut nikalna, mar- 
dud k. be-rawaj k. dur k. 
Exploit, s. muhimm, kar-i-azam, jurat. 
Explore, v. dhundhna, khojna, tajassus 

k. taftfsh k. [na, chhutna. 

Explosion, s. dharaka, karak, awaz, pliat- 
Export, v. dusre mulk-men blujna. 
Export, s. raftani, irsal ; ajnas jo dusre 

mulk-men bheje jaen. 
Expose, r. fash k. ashkara k. zahir k. 

rakhna, dalna. 

Exposition, s. sharah, tafsil, bayan. 
Expositor, s. mufassir, maui-numa bay- 

an-kuninda. [ nu jj a t k. 

Expostulate, v. takrar k. radd-o-badal k. 
Expostulation, s. radd-o-badal, takrar, 

munazaat. 

Exposure, s. izhar, ifsha ; waza, gmftf'iri. 
Expound, v. tafsil k. bay an k. tashri'b k. 
Express, v. batana, kahna, zahir k. ni- 

shan d. nichorna. 

Express, a. saf, zahir, be-shakk,huwaida. 
Express, 5. qiisid, paik ; paigam, payam. 
Expression, s. lafz, boli, kalam, talatfuz ; 

izhar, bayan : nichor, dabao. [malih. 
Expressive, a. pur-matlab, ittisaf-nurna ; 
Expressly, at?, takid-se, qasdau, saf-saf. 
Expulsion, s. ikhrjij, dafa, randagi, nikal. 
Expunge, v. mctna, mitana, chhilna, 

qalam marua, hakk k. 



Exquisite, a. nafis, latif, badi, nadir 

bisyar khub. 

Extant, a. maujud, baqi. [andesha. 
Extempore, ad. nagahani, filbadiha, be- 
Extend, v. phailana, barhana, dara/ k. 
Extension, s. phailao, darazi, kushada^i. 
Extensive, a. phaild, kushada, wasia, 

tawil ; bara. [chaurai. 

Extent, s. wasat, tul, pahnai, lambai- 
Extenuate, v. kam k.takhfif k. mazurk. 
Extenuation, s. ghatti, kamti, taklifif; 

uzr, pozish. 

Exterior, a. bahiri, beruni, khariji. 
Exterminate, v. ukhar d. nest-o-nabud 

k. istisal k. [kani. 

Extermination, s. ukhar-pachchar, bekh- 
External, a. bahiri, beruni, zahiri, khariji. 
Extinct,a.bujha ;madum,mauquf; murda. 
Extinguish, v. bujhana, thanda k. mita- 
na, nabud k. [gulgir, gultarash. 
Extinguisher, s. mutfi, bujhane-wala ; 
Extirpate, v. ukharna, bekh-kani k. mi- 
tana, [tahsi'ii k. 
Extol, v. sarahna, tarif k. hamd k. 
Extort, v. zabardasti-se lena, khiuch 

lena, jabran le-lena. 

Extortion,?, zabardasti, dastdarazi,zulnru 
Extortioner, s. dast-daraz, zabardast. fk. 
Extract, v. istikhraj k. nikal-lena,iiitikhab 
Extract, s. magz, araq ; muntakhab. 
Extraction, s. intikhab, istikhraj ; asl, 

nasl, nasab. 

Extraneous, a. begana, ajnabi, garib. 
Extraordinary, a. ajab, ajib, garib, nadir. 
Extravagance, s. be-andazagi, be-dastu- 

ri ; fazul-kharchi, israf. 
Extravagant, a. be-tartib, bacl-waza ; 

fazul kharch, musrif. [ziyada. 

Extreme, a. akhir, aqsi ; azim, nihayat, 
Extreme, s. akhirat, anjam, intiha, gayat, 

hadd. [gayat. 

Extremely, ad. nihayat, ba-shiddat, ba- 
Extremity, s. akhirat, intiha, anjam, 

gayat ; hadd ; ihtiyaj, zarurat ; ajizi. 
Extricate, v. chhorana, azad k. khalas k. 
Extrinsic, a. bahiri, khariji, zahiri ; arizi. 
Exuberance, s. fazuli, kasrat, ifrat ; nias- 

sa, uiasbii-d. 



FAI 



54 



FAM 



Exudation, s. pasina, risao, ras, araq. 
Exude, v. pasijiia, pasuia iiikalna. 
Exult, v. khush h. shad-dil h. fakhr k. 
Exultation, s. khushi, shadi, basha.sliat, 
fakhr. [nigah ; naka. 

Eye, s. ankh, chashm, did a ; nazar ; 
Eyebrow, s- abrii, bhaun. 
Eyelash, s. mizhgan, papni, palak. 
Eyelid, s. papota, palak, parda-i-chashm. 
Eyesight, s. dida-i-chashm, didar, binai. 
Eyesore, s. ankhon-ka kanta, nakhush- 
Eyewitness, s. shadid, gawah. [numa. 
Eyry, s. shikari chirya-ka ghonsla. 



F. 



Fable, s. qissa, kahani, hikayat, dastan, 
Fabric, s. imarat, bina, makan. [naql. 
Fabricate, v. banana ; ikhtira k. uthana 
Fabulous, a. jhiitha, banai bat, sakhta. 
Face, s. munh, mukh, chihra, ru, rukh. 
Face, v. samne h. niuqabala k. rii-ba- 

ru ana. 

Face to face, ad. amne-samne, ru-ba-ru. 
Facetious, a. latifa-go, zarif, khush-taba. 
Facilitate, v. asan k. sahl k. sahaj k. 
Facility, s. asani, suhulat, niulayaniat, 

nanni ; riwaj, 

Facing, a. samne, rnnqabil, ru-ba-ru. 
Fact, s. kam, fial, kar, htiqiqat. 
Faction, s. bandisli, sa/.ish : fasad, fitna. 
Factious, a.fasadi,nma-angr('/,t:ir:\f-dar. 
Factor, s. gumashta, kjir-kun, kar-pai-dax. 
Factory, s. kothi, kar-kluinn. 
Factotum,; 9. ])a-liargun:uiauknr,liavbabf. 
Faculty,.s.istidad,((al)liv;i! .([liwat, \vuijut'. 
Facundity, .s. fasahat, ha!;; 



h. b.'-rang li. zuil h. 
Faded, ". knmhla-gaya, p 
Fag, v. thakiui, nianda li. niihuat k. 
i'';r.r-"ii(!, x. utar. 
FaL'or., 8, aiitiii', ga^ha, ballii. 
Fail, /. clnikii;i, kam h. na kariu'i, niaduin 

k. dcu-liya h. cliliornsi. 
Failing, x. ail), khata, qiism-. 
Failui-c, .<. ghatri, kiiiiiii, (|iisui- 3 d(.-\vliy;i 
Fain, a<L ji chalita ; la-char. 



Faint, a. zaif, natawan, manda : zail 

phika, na-buland, dhima ; dil-taug. 
Faint, v. gash-ana, murchha khana, man- 

da h. zaif h. dil-tang h. 
Fainting, s. gash, murchha, be-hoshf. 
Faintness, s t gash : natawnni, zaffi, susti 
Fair, a. gora; khubsurat; saf, khiila ; rast. 
Fair, s. mela, hath ; nisa. 
Fairly, s> rasti-se ; bilkul. 
Fairness, s. safedi, gorai ; khubsurati ; 

rasti, sadaqat. 
Fairy, s. pan', parfzad. 
Faith, s. din, (man ; itiqad, ba-war, bha- 

rosa ; tawakkul ; imandarij wafadan* 
Faithful, a. iman-dar, diyanat-dar ; wafa- 

dar, sadiq, nimak-halal. [sadaqat. 
Faithfulness, s. diyanat-dari, -wafa-dari, 
Faithless, a. be-imah, be-wafa, namak- 

haram, khiyanati. 
Falchion, s. shamsher, teg, tega. 
Falcon, s. shahm, shah^baz, baz. 
Falconer, s. baz-dar. 
Fall, v. girna, parna, utarna, ghatna ; 

away, patla h. lagar h. bagawat k. ; 
irtidad k. ; back, hatna, baz jana, 
paspa h. ; down, gir-parna, sijdak. ; 

('/?,ittifaqh. razih. qabulk.; upon, 
agazk. sliuru k. ; hajum k. hamla k. ; 
out, qaziya k. site/a k. ; -\vaqi h. itrit'j'ui 
k. ; to, shuru k. ; agaz k. ; 
farmaii bardar h. ; tartib-nien h. 

Fall, s. girao, uftadagi ; ghatti, kainti 

zawal, liahik. 

Fallacious^ jl]iitha,makr-ame/.,hila-baz. 
Fallacy, s. jh'iith, makr, mngalata. 
'Falli-n, a. gir-]>ara, liitada, zail. 
Fallible, a. nisiyan-pa/i'i 1 , chukne-jog. 
Fallow, a. banjar, na-niazru. 
False, .f.jhutliH, darog, kazib ; farebi, 

bad-nihacL 

'icartcd, a. bad-batin, bad-nihad. 



Falsely, ad. jhiith-muth, be-watVu-x 1 , 

f:\\'" ] . k. 

Falsity, .-. jlnitlialna, jhuthkahna, tnzwfr 

. u. liakhiiia, luknat k. hichkichana. 

. x.nanij shulu-a, ishiihiir, iK-knaiui. 



FAS 



55 



FEE 



Famed, .?. naniwar, mashhur. 
Familiar, a. inulaim, khah'q ; hamdam. 
Familiar, $. ashna, dost, yar ; bhutna. 
Familiarity, $.ashiiai,ulfat, nns, ikhtilat. 
Familiarize, v. sadhna, khogar k. rabti k. 

asaii k. 

Family, s. gharbar, al-o-iyal ; khandan, 
Famine, x. kal, akal, qaht, mahangi. 
Famish, a. bhukhon y;i faqon mama. 
Famous, i (. namwar,namdar,mashhur,Tn a- 
Fan, s. pankha, panklii ; parti, sup.[ruf. 
Fan, o. pankha jhalna ya mania. 
Fanatic, x. mutaassab, diwana-i-khuda. 
, .>\ khiyal, wahni, tasuwar, qiyas, 

labar ; khwahish, ragbat. [pasaiul k. 
Fancy, ?'. khiyal k. qiyas k. ; clialma, 
Faii.tr, >\ nab, zahr-dar dant ; panjri, 
Fanned, ". dantaila, nab-dar. [iiaklmn. 
Fantastic, '.'.kliam-khiyali, wabmi, lahri. 
Far, ad. dar, l)aid ; ziyada, baliiit. 
Farce, s. bhandai, pekhna, tamaslia. 
Farcy, ^. ghore-ki azar, kharish. [ajura. 
Fare, x. khorak, khorisli ; bliara, kiiaya, 
Fare, v. kliana, taam k. ; liona, rahna, 

chalna, guzania, guzran k. 
Farewell, <'. wida, khuda-hafiz, salam. 
Farm, s. chak, ijara, mazra, talluqa. 
Farm, v. ijarc-men lend, thike-men lena, 

ziraat k. 

Farmer, s. chasf, ijardar, kisan, thikcdar. 
Fai-rier, >'. nalband, salotari, baitar. 
Fai-t, .. pad, koz : v. padna, pad niarna. 
Farther, a. atir-dur, durtar, peshtar, aur- 

age ; atawa. 

Farthest, a. sab-se dur, durtarm. 
Farthinu', ,s. adhela (sikka Angrez). 
Fascinate, v. fareftak. sheila k. j:idu k. 
Fascination, s. jadu, afsun, sihr.[afsun k. 
Fashion, s. daul, shakl, surat, wajh, tar- 

kib, nslub,tatir, dastur; shan, sharafat. 
Fashion, . banana, surat k. danl banana. 
Fashionable, a. raij, rasmi ; khass. 
Fast, s. roza, faqa. [tez. 

Fast, a. mazbut, mustahkam, band ; jald, 
Fast, ad. mazbut ; nazdik, pas ; jald. 
Fasii-n, v. band k. mazbut k. kasna, jorna. 
Fastidious, a. nak-chafha, niagrur ; 

khusli-khorak. 



Fa9tness,S.mazbuti',ist ihkam ; }n's9ar,kot. 
Fat,a. mota,farbih,jasim, ciiarl); alnnuq. 
Fat, s. charbi, chiknai, raugan. 
Fatal, a. muhlik, halaku, qatil, kari ; 

qazai, muqaddar. 

Fatality, s. qaza, qismat ; badbakhti. 
Fate, s. qaza-o*qadr, taqdir, nasib, qis- 

mat, tali, mant. 

Fatlicr, s. bap, pidar, abu, baba, wiilid. 
Father-in-law, s. susar, sasur, susra, 
Fatherless, a. be-pidar, yatim. [khusar. 
Fatherly, a. bap-ka sa, pidarana, })idari. 
Fathom, s. char hath-ki nap, adam-qadd 
Fathom, v. thah lena, mapua ; darysift k. 
Fathomless, a. a*thah, be-thah, unu'q ; 

be-qiyas. 

Fatigue, s. thakai,mandagi, susti, mihnat. 
Fatigue, v. thakana, manda k. 
Fatness, s. motai, farbihi, jasamat, bara- 

kat-darf, sansgari. 

Fatten, v. niota k. charb k. farbih If. 
Fault, s. aib, khata, taqsir, qusur, jurm, 

galati, chuk. [la-jurm. 

Faultless, a. be-taqsir, be-qusur, be-aib, 
Faulty, a. qusurwar, taqsirwar, aibdar, 

bura. 
Favour, s. mihrbani, lutf, tawajjuh, ina- 

yat, inam, ihsan, nimat ; fazl, uzr. 
Favourable, a. mihrban, madadgar ; niu- 

radi, munasib, sazkar. [dilpasand. 
Favourite,s. aziz,khatir-khwah, musahib, 
Fa\vn, x. hirn-ka baclicha, gazal. 
Fawn, v. khiishamad k. khayabax-dari k. 
Fealty, s. fannanbardari, waiadari, itaat. 
Fcar,"s. dar, dahshat, khauf ; tars, taqwa. 
Fear, v. clarna, dahshat k. 
Fearful, a. dar-pok, tarsnak, dahshat- 

nak, haulnak, haibat-iiak. 
Fearless, a. be-dar, be-khauf, diler. 
Feasible, a. mumkin, honhar. 
Feast, s. ziyafat, bazm, inihmanf. 
Feat, s. kam, amal, muhim, jurat. 
Feather, s. par, bazu. nikli. 

Feature, s. khat-o-khal, shakl, chihra, 
Febrifuge, s. tap-ki dawa. 
Fecundity, s. phalwanti. 
Fr<', .?. ajr, iwaz, muzd, rusum. 
Feeble, a. kamzor, zaif, natawan, ajiz. 



FER 



FIF 



Feed, v. thilana, palna, khurak d. par- 
warish k. 

Feel, v. chhuna, lams k. mas k. malum k. 
janna, azmana ; ranjfdah. dard khana. 

Feeling, s. lams, lamisa j dilsozf, dard- 
iiiandi, riqqat. 

Feeling, a. dil-soz, dard-angcz. 

Feign, s. bahana k. surat banana, mala- k. 

Feigned, a. jhutha, sakhta, majaz, libasi. 

Feint, s. banana, liila, mugalata. 

Felicitate, v. mubarak-bad k. khush k. 

Felicity, s. khushi, khurrami, farhat, 
barakat. [girana. 

Fell, v. kat-clalna, kat-girana ; mar- 
Fell, a. sang-dil, khunkhwar, be-dard. 

Fellow, s. rafiq, satin, hamchashm : niar- 
dakjharamzada; mard; servanf ,ham 
khidmatgar, ham-naukar ; creature, 
harn-makhluq, ham-jins ; labourer, 
ham-bar, ham-saz ; sufferer, liam- 
dard, ham-azar. [ikhtilat. 

Fellowship, s. sharakat, rafaqat, suhbat, 

Felon, s. mujrim, gunahgar, taqsir-war. 

Felonious, a. zubun, sliarir, fasid, jarim. 

Felony, s. gunah-i-azim, fasad, sliararat. 

Felt, s. namad, namda. 

Female, a. mada, madin, zanana. 

Female, s. aurat, zan. [muannas. 

Feminine, a. mada ; naznk, naznin ; 

Fen, s. daldal, dhasan, jhabar. 

Fence, s. ihata, bar, gliera ; muhafazat. 

Fence, v. iliata k. bar lagana, gherna ; 
himayat k. ; hathiyar-bazi k. patc- 
bazf k. [sher-baz. 

Fencer, s. hatliiyar-baz, pate-l)az, sham- 
Fencing, s. ihata-bandi ; hathiyar-bazi. 

Fennel, s. soa, saunf. 

Fennent, v. josh khana, kliamir uthna. 

Fermentation, s. ubal, josh, khamir. 

Ferocious, a. dan'nda, wiihshi ; khun- 
khwar, sang-dil, duruslit.[dili, saulat. 

Ferocity, s. wahshat, kliiuikinvarf, sang- 

Ferry, s. guzar, mabai-, paru t arnc-ka gluit. 

Ferry, v. guzar k. par k. utarna. 

Ferryboat, s. guziire-ki uao, ghat-ki nao. 

]' /rvinan, s. mallah, gha^-manjhl 

Fertile, a. tar-o-taza ; zavkhcz, saiisgar, 
barkati: 



Fertility, s. tar-o-tazagi, zarkhozf, sai 

gari, barkat. 

Fertilize, v. jaiyid k. tar-o-taza k. 
Ferula, s. qamchi, lathi. 
Fervent, a. sargarm, dilsoz, shauqm. 
Fervoui', s. sargarmi, dilsozi, shauq, 1 
Fester, v. pakna, qarha k. 
Festival, s. id, teohar ; ziyafat. [masri 
Festive, a. idi, khush, shad, bashaf 
Festivity, s. khushf, shadi j jashn ; ais 

o-ishrat. [na, mill 

Fetch, v. lana, le-ana, marna, pahunc 
Fetch, s. bahana, makr, fareb. 
Fetid, a. ganda, ubsa, mutaaffin, bad-bo. 
Fetter, s. beri', zanjir-i-pa. 
Fetter, v. zanjir-se bandhna, beriyapai- 

kari bharna, paband k. 
Fetus, s. janin, natija. 
Feud, s. jhagra, fasad, fitna. 
Fever, s. tap, jar, humma, bukhar.[zan. 
Feverish,a. tap-girifta,tapmail, garm,so- 
Few, a. thore, chand, andak, qalil. 
Fib, s. jhuth, kizb, darog. 
Fibre, s. resha, jhotra, aiis ; sut. 
Fibrous, a. resha-dar, jhotrila, ragila. 
Fickle, a. chanchal, talauwun-mizaj, be- 

qai-ar. [qarari. 

Fickleness,s.chanchalahat,talanwun,be- 
Fiction, s. banawat, jhuth, naql-i-sakhta. 
Fictitious, a. sakhta, taqlidi, tagallnbi, 

jhutha. 

Fictitiously, ad. jhuth-se, tagallubi-se. 
Fiddle, s. sarangi, kingri. 
Fiddler, s. saraiigiya. [mak-halali. 

Fidelity, s. diyanat-dari, wafa-dari, ni- 
Fidget, v. chulbulana. 
Fie, fie, i,it. chhi-chhi, tauba-tauba. 
Fief, s. jagir, altamga, talluqa. 
Field, s. khet, maidan, kisht, mazra. 
Fiend, s. bhut ; shaitan. 
Fierce, a. darinda,slia(lid 3 tund, durusht. 
Fierceness, s. tundi, tezi, saulat, du- 

rushti, qahr. 

Fiery, a. arasin, tez, atashmi/aj, tund. 
Fife, s. bansri, murli, nai. unwaz. 

Fifer, s. bansri-walu, murlf-v/iiiu, iiai- 
Fiftecn, a. pandr.-th, p;'uichdah, 
, a. });Ludr;dnvan. 



FIR 



57 



FLA 



Fifth, a. pj'aiehwan, panjum. 

Fifty, a. pachas, pinjah. 

Fig, .s. tmjir; (wild} gular. 

Fight, 5. larai, Jang, karzar, nmhiraba. 

Fight, v. lama, Jang k. 

er, s. larwaiya, laraka, jangawar. 
Figurative, a. majazi, tamsili, rangin, 

hikmat-amez. [tamsil, nukta. 

Figure, v.shakljSurat; aiik,raqam;ibrat, 
Figure, v. naqsha k. ; khiyal k. ; nukta 
Figured, a. munaqqash. [banana. 

Filch, v. churana, uchakna. 
File, s. sohau, reti ; qatar ; rislita. 
Filial, a. farzandi, betasa. 
Filings, 5. burada, chiir, retan. 
Fill, s. bharna, pur k. ser k. chhakana. 
Fillet, s. sar-band, band, patti ; puthe- 
Fillip, s. chutki, takora. [ka gosht. 

Filly, 5. bachheri, larki. 
Film, s. jhilli ; phuli, Jala. 
Filter, v. chhanna ; nitharna. 
Filth, s. mail, alaish, galazat, kudurat, 
Filthiuess, s. iiajasat, galazat. [chirk. 
Filthy, a. maila, galiz, aluda, na-pak. 
Fin, s. ruachhli-ka par ya bazu. 
Final, a. akhirj wapasin, pichhla. 
Finally*, ad. akhirasli, akhir-ul-amr ; al- 

qissa, hasil-i-kalam. [amad. 

Finance, s. mal-guzarf, mahasil, kliiraj, 
Find.u.pana, inilna, hath-ana,laatli-lagna; 

dekhna, malumk. ; dena, parwarishk. 
Fine, s. jarmiana, tawan, dand. 
Fine, a. milun, barik, patla ; pak, khass ; 

achchha, kliusli; latif; liasi'n ; tez. 
Fine, v. jariniana k. dandna, saza d. 
Fineness,s. barik i, safaf : nazakat, khubi, 
Finger, s. ungli, angusht. [tezi. 

Finical, a. nazuk, khusli-posliaki. 
Finis, s. tamami, akhir. 
Finish, v. tarnam k. anjam k. khatani r. 
Finite, a. mahdud, payan-dar. 
Fii', s. sanobar, debdar. [gazab, tezi. 
Fire, s. ag-, atash, nar, shula, ag\vah.i ; tab, 
Fire, v. jalana, ag-lagana j cnliorna, cha- 

lana, mania. 

Fire-arms, s. topen, bauduqen. 
Fire-ongiue, 5. damkala. 
Firo-Uy, s, juguu, kirmak-i-sliabtab. 



Firelock, s. patthar-kala, banduq. 
Fireman, 6'. atash-kash, agwalii bujhano- 
Firewood, 6\ hezam, jalawau. [wala. 
Fireworks, s. atash-baxi. 
Firing, 6\ ag-ka lagami ; indhan, hezam. 
Firm, a. mazbut, ustmvar, sakht, k;ir;i; 
Firm, s. saudagari kothi. [barqarar. 
Firmament, s. asman, falak. 
Firmness, s. ustuwari, istihkam, sakhti ; 

barqarari, paedarf. 

First, a. pahla, agla, auwal, nakhustin. 
Firstbegotten, "^ a.auwal-maulud,pahla- 
Firstborn, j jana, auwal-zada. 
Fish, s. machhlf, mahi ; machh. [na. 
Fish, v. machhK ma rna ya shikar k. : khoj- 
Fishermau, s. machliwa, jaliya, maliigir. 
Fishery, s. mahi-giri, machliwa-ka kam ; 

mahi-gah. 

Fishhook, s. bansi, kanta, qtillab, shast. 
Fishing-rod, s. qalam-i-mahigir. 
Fissure, s. chak, taraq, darz, shigaf. 
Fist, s. mntthi, musht, muka, ghusa. 
Fistula, s. nasur, bhagandar. 
Fit, s. naubat, hajum ; gash, zuf ; nasha. 
Fit, a. muuasilo, laiq, durust, wajib,qabil. 
Fit, v. sajua, thik h. munasib h. tayar k. 

saz-o-saman d. [qabliyat. 

Fitness, s. liyaqat, muwafaqat, shaistagi, 
Five, a. panch, panj. [rana, qaim k. 
Fix, v. lagaua, jarna ; muqarrar k. thah- 
Flabby, a. pilpila, uarru. 
Flag, s. iiishan, jhanda. 
Flag, v. sust h. zaifh. natawan h. ghatna. 
Flageolet, s. alguza, qism-i-bansh. 
Flagitious, a. sharir, shadi'd, bura, bad. 
Flagrant, a. zahir ; mashhur, sharir, sha- 
Flail, s. sant, khirman-kob. [did. 

Flake, s. gala ; tukra, tah, tabaq* 
Flambeau, s. mashal, damar. 
Flame, s. shula, anch, lau, zabau ; garm{, 

tezi, ishq, gazab. [hur. 

Flaming, s. shula-zan, shula-war ; mash- 
Flank, s. pahlu, jamb, kinar, bagal. 
Flannel, s. loi wilayati. 
Flap, s. daman ; jhatak. 
Flap, u. jhatkana, jhaina ; pliatphatnna. 
Flare, v. chamakna, jhalakna, darriakna. 
Flash, s. charaak, bLabhak, iahiik. 



FLO 



58 



FOA 



Flash,r\chamakna v jlialakna,barqmarna. 
Flashy, a. chainkila, rangila ; behuda. 
Flask, s. singra,barut-dan,kuppi, shisha. 
Flat, a. barabar, hamwar, yaksan ; be- 

maza; yaqin, saf. 

Flatly, ail.hamwari-se; saf-saf,be-tajms. 
Flatness, s. hamwari, barabari, yaksani ; 

badinezaji. 

Flatten, r. chapta k. dabana, hamwar k. 
Flatter, v. chaplusi k. khushamad k. 

phuslana. 

Flattciy, s. chaplusi, khushamadi, charb- 
Flatulency, s. bai, bao, bad. [zabani. 
Flatulent, a. badi, naffakh, plmla. 
Flaunt, v. akarna, chhati phulake phima. 
Flavour, s. maza, laz/at, zauq ; khushbo. 
Flaw, a. darz, shigaf; bal ; aib, qusur. 
Flax, s. sau, atsi, tisi. [na. 

Flay, u.udherna, khaliyana, khal khinch- 
Floa, 6-. i)isu, kaik. [h'rar h. 

Flee, v. bhagna, bhag-bachna, gurez k. 
Fleece, s. pashm, un. [chalak. 

Fleet, c(. tez-rau, tcz-qadam, jald-baz, 
I'lcct, s. jamiat-i-jahaz, balir. [roza. 
Fleeting, a. fani, arizi, be-baqa, chand- 
Flesh, s. gosht, lalini; nafs ; badan, 

shakhs. [mutalliq. 

Fleshly, a. jismani, nafsani ; wajud-kii 
uiiy, ,s. chiinrai, mulaimat, narmi. 
Flexible, a . chimra, lachila, mulaim, dam- 
Flexure, s. lachkao, kham, kaji. [dar. 
Flight, s. bhagna, gurez, firar, bat- into, 

hu/imat, jtarwaz, tau'an ; jhol, pal; 

lir-barani. [wall mi. 

i'li-hty, a. chanchal, linrchim-kliiyali, 

, a. jhiijhira, patla ; /ail'; bfluula. 

Flinch, r. liatna, talna, phirna. 

riini;-, v. ])henkna, chalana, dalna ; lat 

mania : chhitrana. 
J'lint, 8. saii.y-i-cliakmak, pathri. 
l-'limy, a. .sakht; sang-dil. [jaldgo. 

Flipj)aJit, c. turtura, tartariya, bakua, 
Flirt, 9. jhatak, jnarjliarahat ; tha^m'. 
Flirt, v. thatholi k. tana zani k. ; uaz-o- 

niyii/ k. ; ])lnMikna. 

Flit,r. lirna, jiliatjihatana, makdnchhof- 
F,i.:it, 5. firrn<l:i. IKTH. [lia. 

Fiuut, v. bauua j tairiia ; sailab k. 



Flock, s. pal, galla, halqa, jhank, bhir ; 

pashm- k a pahal. 

Flock, r. bhir-bhar k. ikattha h. jama h. 
Flog, v. chabuk marna, kore marna, ta^i- 

yana, lagana, bet marna. 
Flood, s. barh, juwar-, sailab, tufan. 
Flood, v. sailab k. dubana, garq k. 
Floodgate, s. khurab, na)ka. 
Floor, s. zamin, takhta ; tabaq, manzil. 
Florid, a. surkh, liil, guldar, rangui. 
Florist, s. gul-kar, guLchin, phul-vvala. 
Flounce, s. sanjaf, jhalar. 
Flounce, u. tafaphzxa, liath-panw marna. 
Flounder,r. taraphna, clihatpataua,lutna. 
Flour, s. ata, maida, suji. 
Flourish, v tar-o-taza h. mubarak h. ; laf 

mania ; arasta k. ; churnkana. 
Flow, v. bahna,jari h. rawan h. sailab k. 
Flower, s. phul, gul ; bahar, untuwan. 
Flowei 1 , 'C. pliuliia, kliilua, shuguita h. 
Flower-garden, s. gul-zar, galiatan, cha- 

man-i-zar. 

Flowei-pot, s. phul-jari, gul-dan. 
Fhnvcry, a. gul-rez, rangin. 
Flown, a. nr-gaya, bha.u'-gaya. 
Fluctuate, v. hilorna, lahrana, chanchal 

h. do-dil h. bi-qarar h. 
Fluctuation, s. lahrao, tamauwuj : beqfir- 

ran, lith-baith. 

Flue, s. dud-kash, dhum-ghara. [siiliat. 
Fluency, ^. zaban-awari, jfukhan-arai, i:i- 
Fluenr, a. zabiin-awar, jari, i: 
Fluently, a<L /ab:in-av, 
Fluid, s. pani, ab, araq. 
Fluid, a. saiyal, ;il*i, i/aiu'sa, !-iup(|, paila. 
I'Muinnivry, ^. lirni, iuhida. [ba^;-b;<L r h. 
l'la<li,/'.iamtaiii;'ui;i, siii-kharuh. ;j' 
Flute, x. bunsri, murli, nai. [ 1 
Flutter, ,-.. })liai-j)harahat, uig-o-di! 
Fliiitfi-, r. ])hari>haraiia, larpharana 

ghabrini. 

Flux, x. baliao, rezish, jirivan, sailab ; 

i<!ial, (last. 
Fly, s. makkhj, n 
I'My, v, iirmi, panva/. k. : luimla k. ; lihiig- 

na, jilintna, phatim. 

bttohefL 

Foal, r. bacheru . .ima. 



FOE 



59 



FOR 



Foaru, s. phen, kaf, luab. 

Foam, r. plu'ruina, kaf nikalna, gussa li. 

Fob, 5. jeb, phent, dab. 

Focus, s. madar, nmrkaz. 

Fodder, s. ghas, i-hara, gh&sp&t, alaf. 

Foe, s. dushman, harif, khasm, adu. 

Fu'tus, 5. janiii, haml, prt-kd bachcha. 

Fog, s. kohaiY kuhra, kuhasa, bukhar. 

Foggy, a. dhundhla, kuhasa-pur. 

Foible, s. aib, klmta, qusiir. 

Foil, s. ebikast ; pata, gadka ; pat. 

Foil, i/. harana, sbikast d. radd k. 

. v. jal-sazi-se inila d. 
Fold, s. tab, chin, palla ; bara, gondii. 
Fold, v. tab k. tai k. lapetna; ghenia, 

baud k. 

Foliage, s. pattian, barg-bahar, auraq. 
Folio, s. do warqa kitab. 
Folk, s. log, admi-log, mnrdum, asbkhas. 
Follow, r. pairavi k. pichbo jana, dar- 

pai b. : mutalliq b. tabidar b. natija b. 

mashgul b. [tabidar, sbiigird. 

Follower, s. pasrau, pairan, danmiigir, 
Folly, s. be-waqufj, nadaui, biinaqat. 
Foment, v. seukna, garni k. ; bimmatd. 
station, s. scuk, kiniad. [macbana, 
Fond, a. sbaiq, mail, ashiq; bewaquf. 
Fondle, v. piyar k. dular k. naz k. 
Fondness, 5. piyar, sbauq, nawazish, rag- 
Font, x. istibag-ka bauz. [bat. 
Food, s. kbana, kborak, tarn, kburdani, 

giza. [masbkbara, bband. 

Fool, s. abraaq, be-waqiif, nadaii, abla ; 
Foolisb,a.be-waquf,be-buda,abla,nadan. 
Foot, s. paon, panw, pa, qaya, pair, qa- 

dam ; daman ; piyada-gan. [waza. 
Footing, s. paedari, paedan ; dakbl ; hal, 
Footman, s. piyada, paik, barkara ; nau- 
Footpad, s. rab-zaii, bat-mar. [kar. 

Footpatb, s. pag-dandi, gali, kucba. 
Footstep, s. qadam, nisbaii-i-pa. 
Footstool, 5. mondba, morha. 
Fop, 5. kbud-biu, bank a, cbbaila. 
For,^>r. waste, live, kbatir, l^arai ; ziraki. 
Forage, s. gbas, cbara, alaf. 
Forasmucb, c. cbunki ; jabki, ziraki. 
Forbear, v. baz ralma, dast-bardar b.par- 

hez k. cbkorua, 



Forbearance, s. parbezi, ihtiraz ; sabr, 

Ijurdbari, tabaininul. 
Forbid, v. inaiia k. rokna, hatkana. 
Forbidden, a. mana kiyii bua. 
Forbidding, a. karib, niakruli, bad-sfirat. 
Force, x. xor, ta(|Ut, quwwut ; xabar-das- 

ti ; tasir ; fauj. [jabr k. 

Force, v, zor-se karana, zabar-dasti k. ; 
I'^orccjis, s. cbinita, nniclina, gabwa. did. 
Forcible, a. zorawar, tnazbut :_jabri, slu^- 
Forcible, ad. zor-se, jabran, zabar-dasti. 
Ford, s. payab, tbah, guzar. 
Ford, v. payab ntar jana yd guznrna. 
Fordable, . pac-abi, ntbla. 
Fore, a. agla, pabla, pesbin, samhne. 
Forebode,u. pesbgoik.fa] k. agc-se jaana. 
Foreboding, s. agabi ; andeshs. 
Forecast, v. pesbbandi k. durandesbi k. 

tadbir k. 

Forefather, s. jadd, buznrg, pesbjna.[ba. 
Forefinger, s. angnsh-i-sbabadat, sa.bl.a- 
Forego,u. chborna 3 bazana,dastbardar b. 
Forehead, s. pesbani, jabin. 
Foreign, a- ajnabi, bogana, ^aril). 
Foreigner, s. bidesi sliakbs, ajnabi mard. 
Foreknow, v. age-se janna, pable-se n;a- 

lum k. 

Foreknowledge, s.ilm-i-gaib,durandcs; ii. 
Foreman, s. pesbkar ; niir-i-majlis. 
Forementioned, a. mazkur, niazbur.[rin. 
Foremost, a. pabla, agla, auwal, pc sin ;^ 
Forenoon, s. pesbin, cbasbt, tio pahar-se 

pahle. [inuqarrar k. 

Foreordain, v. age-se thabrana, peshtar 
Forepart, s. aga, agwara, pesb, muqad- 

damat. 

Forerunner, s. pesh-rau, pesh-numa. 
Foresee, v. age-se janna. 
Forest, s. jangal, besba. [rid rnkbna. 
Forestall, v. pesbdasti k. ; peshtar- se kba- 
Foretell, v. pesh-goi k. pesb-kbabaii k. 

aqibat kabna. 

Forethought, s. dur-andeshi, pesh-bandi. 
Forever, ad. hamesha, mudam, daim. 
Forewam, v. agah k. kbabar d. jatana. 
Forfeit, s. jarimana, tawan, g-unabgan. 
Forfeit, v. kbona, quni k. ; qurqi L, 
Forfeiture, s. qurq, zabti. 



FOR 



60 



FRA 



Forge, s. lohar-khana, lohsar. 
Forge, v. jal-sazi k. 
Forgery, s. jal-sazi, tagallub, taqlnl. 
Forget, v. bhulna, faramosh k. gaflat k. 
Forgetful,a.bhulakkar,faramoshgar ; gcifil. 
Forgetfulncss, s. bliul, fai amoshi, gatiat. 
Forgive, v. bakhshna, muaf k. afu k. 
Forgiveness, s. muaf, afu, bakhshish, 
Fork, s. kanta, panja. [amurzish. 

Forked, a. kaiite-dar, shakh-dar, clo- 

shakh-dar. [shan. 

Forlorn, a. tanha, be-kas, lachar, pare- 
Form, s. shakl, surat, daul, taswir, naq- 

sha ; taur, ravish., dastur ; intizam ; 

takhta. 

Form, v. banana, paida k. ; shakl d. su- 
rat band-rakhna ; tartib k. ; khinchna ; 

fikr k. tadbir k. 

Formal, a. chalni, rasmf ; takalluf-rnizaj. 
Formality, s. takallnf, tamallnq. 
Formation, s. banawat, tarkib.[qaddam. 
Former, a. pahla, agla,peshin,sabiq, mu- 
Formerly,acZ.age,peshtar.sabiqwaqt-men 
Formidable, a. muhib, haibat-nak, haul- 

uak. [ami. 

Formula, s. naqsha, qanun, dastur-ul- 
Fornication, s. haramkarf, zinakari, fisq. 
Fornicator, s. haramkar, zinakai', fasiq. 
Forsake, v. clihorna, chhor d. tiirk k. 

tyagna. [qasam khana. 

Forswear, s. qasam-se inkar k. ; jhuthi 
Fort, s. qila, hissar, kot, garh. 
Forth, ad. b4har, berun ; age, samhne. 
Forthwith, <:</. ablii, fauran, tilhal, turt. 
Fortification, s. ilm-i-qilabandi j qila, 

hissar. 

Fortify, w.inazbut k. mustahkam k. sadd k. 
Fortitude, s. jurat, dileri, istiqlal, sabr. 
Fortniirht, s. do-hafta, adh-nialiina. 
Fortress, s. qila, hissar, kot. 
Fortuitous, n. ari/i, ittifaqf. 
Fortu i ; i-war,iiek-bakht,bakh- 

tyar, saaclat-inand. 

F-rrt ui lately, ad. uasili-sc, biikhlyari-se. 
.Foituui.', s. qismat, iiasib, bakht ; daulat , 

tnal ; jii- 

Fortuuo-tellcr, s. rainmal, muiiajjiui, ua- 
1 ony, a. chalis, chiliil. 



Forward, a. age, posh ; taiyar ; shokh, 

gustakh; kachcha, kham. [cliana. 
Forward, v. barhana, mad ad k. ; paliTui- 
Forwardness,s. dil, cluili, texi ; gu.staklii; 
Fossil, t 1 . kani, madaui, clhat. [taiyari. 
Foster, v. palna, parwarish k. tarbiyat k. 
Foster-brother, s. koka, dudh-bhai, ra- 

zai-bhai. 

Foster-child, s. le-palak, farzand-i-razai'. 
Foster-dam, s. dai, dada, dudh-pilai. 
Foster-father, s. khasarn-i-dai, parwar- 

inda-bap. 

Foster-sister, s. dudh-bahin,razai-bahin. 
Foul, a. maila, aluda, napak ; makruh, 

fasid, sharir ; baclsurat. 
Found, v. bunyad k. bina dalna, banana, 

mansub rakhna ; dhalna. [sar, jar. 
Foundation, s. bunyad, bina, niu ; asl, 
Founder, s. bani, binagar, sadabarti ; 

kasera. 

Founder, v. dub-jana, garq h. ; langra k. 
Foundery, s. loha galane-ka gluir. 
Foundling, s. park kiya him lark a. 
Fountain, s. chashma, ain, fauwara : asl. 
Four, a. char, chahar. 
Fourfold, a. chau-giina, char-chand. 
Fourfooted, a. char-paya, chahar-pa. 
Fourscore, a. asi, char-bisi. 
Foursquare, a. char-gosha, chau-kona. 
Fourteen, a. chaucla. 
Fourteenth, a. chaudhwan. 
Fourth, a. chautha, cliaharum. 
Fowl, s. inurg, chiriya, ]iarinda, tair, 
Fowler, s. chiri-mar, saiy;'ul. 
Fowling-piece, x. shikari banduq. 
Fox, s. lomri, robah. 
Fraction, s. kasr ; hissa ; tukra, rez^i, 
Fracture, s. shika stag i, tut:, torna. [fanf. 
Fragile, a. phuska, nazuk, shi'slia-basha ; 
Fragment, s. tukra, para, paivha, reza. 

, s. khuslibo, an-, niahak. 
.,iit,(f.klui.slil)udar,iiniattar. []>:r/;'r. 
J-'i-ail, (.. na/uk, zaif, lani, beqarar; kiiata- 



h:\l-i-kiiatir ; chaukath. 

";;i, garhna. 
Frank, a. sada-diJ, bi'd'-dii, be' tukallul'. 



FRI 



61 



FRU 



'rank, s, be-mahsuli khatt : f'aran<ri. 
'Yankimvnse. 8. luliaii. [kal!ufi-so. 

Yanklv, <ut. saf-saf, mukhlisana, be-ta- 
Yanknetis, s. kushada dill, saf-dili. 
'Yautic, a. diwana, samlai, niajniin. 
IVaternal,a.baridari,baradarana,akhwi. 
Vaun-nity, .*. bluu-chara, bavadari. ti:-qa, 

haiujinsiyat. [ kush. 

fratricide, s. baradar-kushf, baradar- 
ud, 8. fareb, daga, Jala, chlial, tliagaf. 
fraudulent, a. daga-baz, hila-baz, farebf, 

niakkar. 
Ya ught, a. bhara-hua, pur, mainur. 

S. hair.raina., danga, larai. 
freak, s. khiyal, wahain, lahar. 
Mvakish, a. clianchal, liar-dam khiyali. 
fn-ckle, s. khal, dag, magas. 
reL>, a. azad, chhuta-liua ; mukhtdr; be- 

gimah ; nmjaz, lialal ; sadiq ; asuda ; 

be-mahsul. 

jve, c. azad k. klialas k. riha k. 
freebooter, s. qazzak, lutera, rah-zan. 
^recdom,s. azadi , ikhtiy ar, najat, faragat. 
freehold, s. zamindari, jgir, altamga. 
, 'I* 1 , apneikhtiyar-se ; karimana; 

be-panva, ku.s!iada-dili-se ; muft. 
Freeman, s. khud-mukhtar, azad mard ; 

shahri. 

Preeness, s. sadagi, rasti ; sakhawat. 
free-school, s. khairati maktab. 
freestone, s. sang-i-regdar, imarat bana- 

ne-ka patthar. 

Free-will, s. mukhtari, ikhtiyar, raarzi. 
Freeze, v. jam janajam k.murijamidh.ya 
jight, s. bar-i-jahaz ; naul, kiraya. [k. 
French, a. Fransesi, Frans mulk-ka. 
Frenzy, s. juuuii, diwanagi, sarsam.[sir. 
?requent,a . ak sariya, barbar, lagatar, ka- 
Frequent, r. amad-o-raft k. aya-jriya k. 

bsirbar jana. [barbar. 

Frequently, ad. aksar, beshtar, barha, 

. <j.. sard, thanda ; tar-o-taza, sar- 

sabz ; naya ; zorawar ; surkh ; alona. 
Freshness, s. thandai ; tazagi, sar-sabzi ; 

iiau-rasi. [na. 

Fret^i'.ghis-janajragarnajkhijanajchnet- 
Fretful, a. clnrchira, nakhush, khafa. 
Friable, a. rez-nak, chur hone jog. 



Friction, s. ghisao, ragar, malish. 
Friday, s. juma, adma, suk. [ashna. 
Friend, s. dost, yar, muhibb, dostdar, 
Friendless, a. be-dost, be-kas, be-chara. 
Friendly, a. dostana, yarana, mihrban, 

khairkhwah. [fat. 

Friendship, s. dosti, van, muhabbat, ul- 
Frigate, s. qism-i-jahaz jahgi. [haul. 
Fi-ight, s. dar, dahshat, wahshat, kliaui', 
Frighten, i'. daraiia, dahshat dilana, bhar- 

kana. 

Frightful, a. daraii, haulnak, khaufnak. 
Frigid, a. thamla, sard ; afsurda ; be-mu- 
Fringe, s. jhalar, tiraz, anchal. [habbat. 
Frisk, v. kudakna, phudakna, uchhalna. 
Fritter, v. katarna, tukra-tukra k. ; wa(]t 

katna. [harza. 

Frivolous, a. subuk, halka, nachiz, adna, 
Frock, s. angarkha, kurta j jhagula, pesli- 
Frog, s. menduk, guk. [waz. 

Frolic, s. khel, kalol, shokhi, tannnzf. 
Frolicsome, a. shokh, bazla-baz, achpal, 

khilar. 

From, pr. se, ke, pas-se, az, an, min. 
Front, s. samhn4, pesh, peshani, chihra, 

munh ; gustakhi, be-hayaf. 
Front, v. samne h. muqabil h. [waiifi. 
Frontier, s. sarhadd, hadd, niarzbum, si- 
Frontispiece, 6\ peshgah, peshana ; pesh- 
Frost, 6\ pala, jara, sarnia. [taswir. 

Froth, s. kaf, phen, j!rg; harza. 
Frothy, s. kaf- dar; subuk, halka. [ziddi. 
Froward, s. kajrai, khudraj', gustakh, 
Frowardness, s. chirchirahat, gustkhi, 
Frown 5 s.cln'n-ba-jabm,ghurki.[khudrai. 
Frown, v. ghurakna, teorhi, charhana, 

chin-ba-jabin h. 
Frozen, a. afsurda, munjamid. 
Fructify, v. phalana, barumand k. sa- 

mar-dar k. 

Frugal, a. kifayati, juz-ras, kara-kharchi. 
Frugality, s. kifayat-shiari, ju/rasi, kam- 

kharch. Cj a samara, nafa. 

Fruit, s. phal,mewa, bar ; bachcha ; nati- 
Fruitage, s. phal-plialari, mcvvajat. 
Fruitful, a. phaldar, mowadar, bardar j 

jaujid ; bachcha-kash. 
Fruition, s. wusul, taraattu, kamyabi. 



FYE 



62 



GAP 



Fniitless,a.aphal,be-bar,be-faida,be-sud. 
Frustrate, v. mahrum k. naummed k. tor 
Fry, v. talna, bhunna, biriyan k. [d. 
Fryingpan, .s. taba, taba, tawa. 
Fuel, s. jalawan, indhan, hiraa, hezam. 
Fugitive, a. arm, chandroza, be-qarar ; 

bhagora. 

Fulfil, v. adak.bajalana, wafa k. tamam k. 
Fulfilment, s. ada, anjam, taniami, wafa. 
Full, a. pura, pur, bhara, mamur, ser. 
Fuller, s. dhobi, gazur, qazar. [mamana. 
Fully, ad. baldiubi,kholke ;bilkulliya,ta- 
Fulness, s. purapan, puri, bharti ; sen, 

asudagi ; kasrat, f irawam ; jasamat. 
Fulsome, a. na-pasand, resh-khand. 
Fume, s. dhuan, bhaph, bukhar, josh. 
Fumigate, v. dhuni d. bhaphara d. du- 

clalud rakhna. [bukhar-kashi. 

Fumigation, s. bhaphara, dhuni lagani, 
Fun, s. khel, khillf, bazi.[dad, qabiliyat. 
Function, s. khidmat,uhda ; quwat, istia- 
Fund, s. punji, may a, sai-maya, asl. 
Fundament, s. gand, kun, miqad, sufra. 
Fundamental, a. asli, bunyadi, zati, za- 
;J, s. dafn, taclfin, tajhiz. [ruri. 
Funnel, .s. chonga, naif, dhuanra. 
Funny, a. maskhara, that hoi, shokh. 
Fur, s. postin, pashm, amur. 
Furbish, v. saiqal k. jila d. 
Furious, a. tund, tez, gazabnak, dfwaiia. 
Furl, v. lapetna, khiuchna. [chalis hath. 
Furlong, .s.mil-kaathwan hissa, char sau 
Furlough, s. chhutti, rukhsat. 
Furnace, s. bhattha, bhar, atashdan. 
Furnish,iJ. dena, sarbai'ah k. arasta k. sa- 
Furniture, s. asbab, saman, rakht.[jana. 
Furrow, s. re^liari, cliin, khatt. [\va. 
Further, ad.durtar, aurdiir, aurpare; ala- 
Further, v. madad d. insidadgari k. 
Fury, s. gazab, o liwaimgi. 

.Fuse, v. pighlan;,, galana, giidaz k. 
Fusible, ". jf) tralaya j;i\vr. 
Vusioi . 

ilgulm.[fiuda. 
Futile,a. snbuk, 

t, huiiluir. 

i 



G. 

Gabble, v. bakna, barbarana, behuda 

bat kahna. 

Gabbler, s. bakwa, barbariya, hai 
Gad, v. harza-gai'di k. 
Gadfly, s. dans, khar-magas. 
Gag, v. munh band k. dhatthiyana. 
Gage, s. girau, gii-wj ; paimaish. 
Gaiety, s. see Gayety. 
Gain, s. hasil, nafa, faida, sud. 
Gain, v. kamana, hasil k. nafa uthana, 

pana ; jitna ; khatir giriftari k. 
Gainer, s. nafa-yab, faida-yab. 
Gainful, a. faida-mand, sud-mand. 
Gainsay, v. radd-badal k. mukhalafat k. 

takrar k. 

Gait, s. chal, raftar, ravish, khiram. 
Galaxy, s. kah kashan. 
Gale, s. hawa, bad, nashn : tufan, and In. 
Gall, s. pit, safra ; gazab, khusumat. 
Gall, v. ragarna, chamra chhilua ; chher- 

na, diqq k. 
Gallant, a. zinatdar, zarif, buzurgwar ; 

sahib-i-adab ; dilawar, diler. 
Gallant, s. sahiq-i-na^akat ; ishq-baz. ran- 

di-baz ; jawan-mard, gazi-mard. 
Gallantly, ad. jawan-mardi-se, dilcrana. 
Gallantry, s. jawan-mardi ; ishq-bazi. 
Gallery, s. baramada, chliajja. 
Galley, .s. qism-i-jahax. 
Galling, . taklifi, dukhdai, ranja\var. 
(rallipot, .s. kulhiya, martaban. 
Gallop, y. da])at, ti'xrawi, ta/. daur. 
(iallop, v. dapatmi, .sarpat jana, 'lanrna. 
(iall<\v,s, >v. tlar, jiliansi-kath. 
(<;inil)lo, r. jiia kliclna, qimar-bazi k. 
<!aiiil)l(>r, N. juari, qiniai'-ba/. piiar-ba/. 
Gambol, x. kalol, alol, kiu-l. ku>l. 
Game, .s. bazi. khol, lab, (|imai- ; thai 

V 

u>r, s. juari, <jii.:a 
Caiiiut, 6'. I .'Ini, sur. 

p, un/. nar. 
ii, taifa, jamftat. 

(i;m-!-c]if, s, -j-liiio-ka sarau. kl 
(i:n)l. 8. (|aiil-k!,an:i, /.i: 

clutk. ciih("l ; ]ii:Hnk ; s: 






63 



GIN 



Generation, s. paida"ish, tawallud; 

liasl : L'-li.'iran.-i, pusht, pirhl ; zainaiia. 
Generative, a. muallid, janmau. 
Generosity,N. S ;ikh;iw:i!.i:tiyax],karaniat, 

bakhshish, jawan-man if. 
Generous, a. s:ikli{, faiyaz, knrim, ata- 

bakhsh, jawan-mard. [dil-pasand. 
Genial,a.muallid,musmir;khatir-khwali, 
Genitive, a. izafat, halat-i-jarr.[zukawsit. 
Genius,s. kho, khaslat, sirat , zihn,fahm, 
Genteel, a. shaista, sahib-i-adab, zarif. 
Gentile, s. but-parast, kafir. [fat. 

(u-ntiliiy, s. klnilqiyat,muravvat; shara- 
Gentle, a. mulaim, garib, halim ; shanf, 

asl-z^ida, [sahib. 

Gentleman, s. mard-admi, miyan-adnu', 
Gentleness, s. mulaimat, hilm, gurbat. 
Gently,ad.mulairaat-se,narmi-se,aliistc. 
Gentry, s. ashraf, ashab-i-daulat, nujaba. 
Genuine, a. asil, khalis, gairaluda, saluh. 
Genus, s. jins, naua, firqa, qaum. 
Geographer, s. jugrafiya-dan. 
Geography, s. jugrafiya, rasm-i-arz. 
Geometrician, s. muhandis. [hat. 

Geometry, s. ilm-i-handasa, ilm-i-masa- 
Germ, s. konpal, ankhwa. 
Gesture, s. waza, harakat, clhab, taur. 
Get, v. pana, hasil k. paida k. kamana, 

hath lagna, milna ; sikhna ; utlniu. 
Ghastly, a. murda-sa, bhutsa, dalishat- 
Ghost, s. bhut ; ruh j wahmi surat.[zada. 
Giant, s. deo, ifrit, mard-i-azimtan. 
Gibbet, s. phansi-ki lakri : v. phansi d. 
Gibe, s. tana, tana-zani, istihza, tanz. 
Giddiness, s. dauran-i-sar, ghumri, ghur 

ni, tewar; chanchalai, beqarari. 
Giddy, a. sar-gardan ; chanchal,beqarar. 
Gift, s. bakhshish, inam, ata, dan, liiba. 
Gifted, a. sahib-i-quwat, qabiliyat-d&r, 
qudrat-mand. [land. 

Gigantic, a. qawi-haikal, ifnt-asa, bu- 
Giggle, v. khilkhilana, hansna. 
Gild, v. sunahla k. hall k. tilakari k. 
Gilding, s. ha!l-kari, tila-karf, zar-nitrari. 
Gill, s. machhli-ka galphara, kankhala. 
Gimlet, s. barma. 

Gin, s. phanda, dam ; qism-i-sharab. 
Ginger, s. adrak, ada, south, zanjabil. 



GLO 



64 



GOR 



Gingle, s. jhanak, jhanjhan, thanthan. 
Gingle, v. jhanjhanana, thanthanana, 

jhanakna. 

Gird, v. bandhna, kasna, lapetna ; ihata k. 
Girdle, s. kamarband,miyanband,patka. 
Girl, s. larki, chhokrj, kanya, dukhtar. 
Girlish, a. larki sa ; chanchal. 
Girth, s. tang, pushtang, petf. 
Give, v. dena, bakhshna, may at k. ata k. ; 

sompna ; chhor d. ; ijazat d. qubul k. 
Giver, s. denewala, bakhshinda, dihiuda. 
Gizzard, s. pathri, sang dana. 
Glad, a. khush, khurram, shad, masrur. 
Gladden, u. khush k. 
Gladiator, s. shamsherbaz, saiyaf. 
Gladly, ad. khushi-se, shauq-se. [rami. 
G]adness,s.khushi,shadi,shadmani,khur- 
Glance, s. m'gah, nazar, ramaq, jhaonli. 
Gland, s. gilti, gulthi, ghudud. 
Glare, s. jhalak, jagmagahat, tab. [hur. 
Glaring,a.chamkfla;zahir,asbkara,mash- 
Glass, s. shisha, ab-i-basta, ab-gina, pi- 

yala ; aina. [manind. 

Glassy, a. shishe-ka ; shfshe ya aine-ke 
Glaze, v. shisha jarna ; raugan d. muhra 
Glazier, s. aina jarne yalagane wala.[k. 
Gleam, s. chamak, jhalak ; shua, parto. 
Gleam, v. chamakna, jhalakna, tabanh. 
Glean, v. khosha-chini k. chunna, binna. 
Glee, s. khushi, khurrami, shadf. 
Glide, v. ahiste bahna, jaii h. aldste jana. 
Glimmer, v. timtimana, jhilmilana. 
Glimmering, s. timtimahat, jhilrnilahat, 

kam-roshni. 

Glimpse, s. nazar-i-subuk ; jhilmilahat. 
Glitter, v. cliamakua, jhalakna, ujla h. 
(ihjbe, s. kuv;i, gola, gol ; jahan. 
C^loltular, a. gol, gola-sa, kurawi. 
('lobule, s. gol-dana, goli, i-awii. 
Gloom, s. dhumlai, tariki ; dil-tangi.[gir. 
( Jloni!iy,i;. (lliutulajaTKiliL'ra ; diltaii;/, dil- 
<ii trify, v. izzat k. hamd k. tarif'k. 



Glojy, s. jalal, a/mat, l;iklii- : liMind. i\\n- 
dnh, tanf. [gurur r;;kliii;i. 

Glory, v.'fakhrk. if! ikl.ar'k. laf/:mi K. 
Glo88,S.jila, tiniln a, jhalak ; t: I'^iV.shnrali. 
Gloss, v. ta\vjl k. t-imruh k. bavau k. 



Glossy, a. chikna, ujla, jilwadar, muhra- 
Glove, s. dastana, dastwana. dar. 

Glow, v. dahakna, dagdagana, tabdar h. 

garm h. 

Glow, s. tab, roshni, garmi ; gazab ; ishq. 
Glowworm, s. jugni, shatab. 
Glue, s. sai-esh : v. saresh lagana. 
Glutinous, a. chipchipa, laslasa, lasdar. 
Glutton, s. \ petti, akkal, shikam-pu- 
Gluttonous, a. 3 rast ; bisvar-khor. 
Gnash, v. dant pisna, kichkichana. 
Gnat, s, machchhar, kutki, pashsha. 
Gnaw, v. kutarna, katna, chabna. 
Go, v. jana, chalna, jata-rahna ; tashnf, 
Goad, s. paina, ar, ankus. [le-jana. 

Goal, s. nishangah, manzil.,thikaiia,uiq- 
Goat, s. bakra, bakri, buz. 
Gobble, v. ghapghap khana, bhakr.suu. 
Goblet, s. piyala, kasa, jam, katora. 
Goblin, s. bLut, iinn, ifrit ; shaitan. 
God, s. Khuda, Allah-tala ; but. 
Godhead, s. Khudaf, uluhiyat ; Khuda. [ri. 
Godliness,s. taqwa, khuda-parasti, dfnda- 
Godly,a. ahl-i-taqwa, khuda-parast, din- 
Godown, s. godain, zakhira-khana.'V.ar. 
Going, s. jana, ehalna, raftar, rawau. 
Gold, s. sona, zar, tila. 
Golden, a. sonahla, zarrin, tila. 
Goldsmith, s. sonar, zargar, tila-kar. 
Gonorrhoea, s. sozak, parmeo. [nek. 
Good, a. achchha, bhala, khub, khush, 
Good,s. khubi',khair, khushi, neki, fa id a. 
Goodbye, s. Khuda, haii/, wida, salani. 
Goodnature, s. nek-khaslat, khu 
Good morning', s. sabah-til-khair .' 
Goodnight, s. masa-ul-khair, sliab-ul- 

khair. 

Goodness, s. khubi, neki, l>h:dai, khiislii. 
Goods, s. asbb, c'hi/-basr, uial-u-i.-iaiu. 
Goodwill, .. khair-khwahi. 
Goose, s. hans, raj-hans, qaz ; alnnau. 
Gooseberry, >. pharphot&,xnewa-li 
(lore, c. SIIIL;- iii;irn;'i. dun mania, lhonk- 
(idiv, x. kliun-i-liasla, !;;\r!.'U l;i! -\, 
Gorge, s. g;: 

um-nshshan 

Cldrniandi/fj r. bliukhna ; bhukusua 
akkal h. 



OKA 



65 



GEE 



Gosling, s. hnns-ka bachcha. 
Gospel, s. injil, khush-khabarf. 

i, s. bat-chit, guft-go ; harza-go, 
behuda-go. 
Gourd, x. kaddu, lauki, petha. 

>'. naqras, niqris. [thambhna. 

>:, v. hukumat k. farman-rawai k. 

roverness, s. ustaui, atu. [rani, amal. 

Government, s. hukumat, riyasat, hukm- 

Sovernor, s. hakim, farman-rawa, amil, 

nazini, sardar ; bara sahib. 
Grown, 5. pairahan, labada, jama, chap- 

kan, peshwiiz. 

Grace, s. fazl, faiz, taufiq, inayat, mihr- 
bani, lutf ; fazilat, hunr, jamal, zara- 
fat ; hazur. 

jrraceful, a. jamil, zarif, latif, muazzaz. 
Gracefulness, s. zebai, zarafat, lutf, jamal. 
Gracious.a. karim, rahim ; mihrban, latif. 
Shracionsly,cw?. mihrbani-se, na\vazish-se. 
Gradation, s. dai-ja, tadrjj, tartib, silsila. 
"J-radually, ad. darja-badarja, qadam- 

baqadam, rafta-rafta. 
Graft, s. qalam, shakh, paiwand. 

ift, r. paiwand k. qalam lagana. 
Lrrain, .?. anaj, galla, dana ; ratti ; zarra, 

reza, lakri-ki ans, r'esha. 
Irammar, s. sarf-o-naho, qaida. 
Grammarian, s. qaida-dan, ahl-i-ilm-i- 
sarf-o-naho. [sarf-o-naho. 

Grammatical, a. ba- qaida, muwafiq-i- 
Grammatically, ad. qaide-se, bataur-i- 
slmrf-o-naho. [khana. 

rranaiy, s. go!4, anbar-khana, galla- 
Grand, a. azim, kabir, bara, muazzaz, 
buzurgwar. [wasa-i-pisarzada. 

Grandchild, s. pota, poti, nati, natiu, na- 
"rrancl daughter, s. poti, natin, nawasi. 
jrandee, s. umda, amir, sharif, rukn. 
jtrandeur, s. azmat, buzurgwari, barai, 

shan-o-shauqat, hashmat. 
irandfather, s. dada, nana, jadd. 
Grandmother, s. cladi, nani, jadda. 
|randson,s. pota,nati, nawasa, pisarzada. 
Granite, s. patthar ki qism. 
T-rant, v. dena, bakhshna; qabul k. riza k. 
Grant, s. bakhshish, ata, dan, inam. 
Granule, s. dana, rawa, kani. 



Grape, ,. angur, inab. [se pakarna. 
Grapple, v. kushti k. pakarna, changul- 
Grasp, s. qabza, panja, girift, pakar. 
Grasp, v. pakarna, gahna, girift k. 
Grass, s. ghas, kah, giyah, alaf. 
Grasscutter, s. ghasiyara. 
Grasshopper, s. phanga, tiddf. 
Grassy, a. ghasfla, kah-dar, purgiyah. 
Grate, s. jhanjhrf loha-ka. 
Grate, a. ragarna, ghisna; charcharana j 

azar d. bezar k. [namak-halal. 

Gi-ateful, a. ihsan-mand, shukr-guzar, 
Gratification, s. farhat, tafrih, khushi, 

khatirdari. [maqsadwar k. 

Gratify, u. khush k. khatirnawaz k. 
Grating, s. jhanjhn, mushabbak. 
Gratis, ad. muft, yunhi. 
Gratitude, s. shukr-guzari, ihsanmandi, 

namak-halali ; haqq-shinasf. 
Gratuitous, a. muft, yunhi, inami ; be- 
Gratuity, s. inam, ata, bakhshish, [sabit. 
Grave, s. gor, qabr, mazar, madfan. 
Grave, a. sanjida, muhib, bharf ; bam ; 

na-tabdar. 

Gravel, s. kankar, kankarj, sangreza. 
Gravitate, v. jhukna, rujii h. mail h. 
Gravitation, s. mailan, istirja, jhukao. 
Gravity, s. sanjidagi, shikohmandi, tam 

kanat ; saqalat. 

Gravy, s. ab-gosht, yakhnf, ab-josh. 
Gray, a. khakistarf, kabra, sanjabf. 
Graze, v. charna, chugna ; ragra khana. 
Grazier, s. charwaha, rakhwala. 
Grease, s. charbi, raugan. 
Grease, v. charbi malna, raugan lagana. 
Greasy, a. charbidar, chikna, raugani. 
Great, a. bara, azim, kalan, buzurgwar, 

qadir ; aslf, auwal ; hamila. 
Greatly, ad. bahut, nihayat, bashiddat, 

buzurgana, dilerana. [dagi ; shiddat. 
Greatness, s. barai, kalani, buzurgi, urn- 
Greece, 5. Yunan. 

Greediness, s. lalach, tama, hirs. [chf. 
Greedy, a. mar-bhukha, harfs, tami, lala- 
Green, a. sabz, hara, naya, taza, kachclia. 
Green, s. sabza, hareri ; margzar, sab- 
Greens, s. sag, sabzi, tarkari. [za-zar. 
Greet, v. salam d. sahib salamat k. 



GEO 



G6 



GUT 



Grenadier, 5. qadd-awar, sipalri, garandil. 
Greyhound, s. tazi-kutta, shikari-kutta. 
Gridiron, s. gril-dan, gosht kabab karne- 

ki jhanjhrj. 

Grief, s. gam, alam, ranj, afsos, dukh. 
Grievance, s. azar, sakhti, zulm, shiddat, 

dukh. [k. ; gam-khana. 

Grieve, v. azar d. ranj d. gam d. bezar 
Grieved, a. garngm, dilgir, ranjida. 
Grievous, a. dukh-dai, dardangez, gam- 
Grill, v. bhunna, biriyan k. [nak. 
Grim, a. zisht-ru, durusht, muhib, 

sakht-ru. 

Grimace, s. khis, bandarbhao, ru-kashi. 
Grin, v. dant nikosna, khisiyana. 
Grind, v. pisna, bukna j bar d. tez k. ; 

satana, nichorna. 
Grinder, s. pisan-hara ; darh. 
Grindstone, s. san ; sang-i-fisan ; chakki. 
Gripe, s. pakar, girift, qabz, nichor ; 

zulm ; maror, dard-i-shikam. 
Gripe, v. pakarna, nochna j marorna, 

pechish k. 

Gristle, s. kurri, chabnf haddi, guzruf. 
(frit, s. kani, daliya ; kankar, kirkir, reg. 
Gritty, a. balu-pur, kirkira, regamez. 
Groan, s. ah, karah. 

Groan, v. karahna, kaharna, ah-o-zari k. 
Grocer, s. pansari, baqqal. 
Groin, s. chaddha, janghasa. 
<Troom, s. sais, nafar. 
Groove, s. sinka, jauf, shigaf, khana, 
Grope, v. tatolna, tona, toatoi k. 
Gross, a. mota, jasim, tanawar, bharf, 

azirn ; ahmaq. 

Grotto, s. khoh, kunj, ghar, k;ih;ii'. 
Grotesque, a. bad-surat, kaj, tirchha. 
Ground, .s-. zamin, arz, mitti j bunyad, 

asl ; sabab, bais. 
(ironnd, a. /runin-par rakhna ; bandiiq 

sulana ; miil k. ; kamil k. 
(ii-dimdlcss, a. be-sabab, be-bais, be- 

rnujib, be-tliikann, na-haqq. [kirava. 
Ground-rent, s. mal-.mi/ai i, /.umin-ka 

, s. majma, jamaat, amboh. 
vc, .s. kunj, daraklit.-/.ar. 

r. ringiia, lotna ; khwar ya 

faromaya rahu^, khai'if h. 



Grow, v. ugna, jamna, barhna, h 
Growl, v. gurrana, karkarana. [!iona. 
Growth, s. barhti, roidagi, balidagi : ta 

i-aqqi j afzaish ; paidaish, hasil. 
Grub, s. kira, kiri, kinn. [manw 

Grudge, s. kma, adawat-i-batini, dnsh 
Grudge, v. kma rakhna ; dareg k. 
Grudgingly, ad. narazi-se, hasad-se. 
Gruel, s. pichh, mand, shola. 
Gruff, a. durusht, tursh, sakht. [rajna; 
Grumble, v. kurkurana, fcartaraiu 
Grumbling, s. kurkurahat, barbarahat. : 
Grunt, v. gui-rana, kankhna. 
Guana, s. qism-i-chhipkali, barii 
Guarantee, s. zamin, kafil. [i 
Guard, s, pahra, nigahban, chaukidari 
Guard, v. hifazatk. himayat k. chauki k, 
Guardian, s. hafiz, muhafiz, hami, amin 
Guardianship, s. amiiii, amanatdari, mu- 

hafazat, nigahbani. 
Guava, s. amrut, safri am. 
Guess, s. qiyas, khiyal, guman, anda/a. 
Guess, v. qiyas k. khiyal k. guman k 
Guest, s. mihman, zaif, warid.[andaza k, 
Guidance,s.hidayat 3 ag^vai;irshad,luikm, 
Guide, s. rah-numa, rahbar, hadi, uiur- 

shid. fell al ana, 

Guide, v. rah-numai k. hidayat k. talimk, 
Guile, s. hila, fareb, makr, daga-bazi. 
Guilt, s. gnnah, khata, taqsir, qusur. 
Guiltless, a. be-gunah, be-taqsir, ; 

ra, masum. 

Guilty, a. gunah-gar,taqsir-war, mujrim- 
Guinea, s. Angiv/i asln-ati. 
Guise, s. surat, shakal, waja, taur 3 
Guitar, s. sitar, qitar. [poshakj 

Gulf, s. kol, khalij, kund, dahak, a 
Gullet, 6'. naivti, qalii. 
Gulp, s. ghiint, jura, shnrb. 
Gulp, v. gk4nfna ) nigalna,garp>8ekhinJ 
Gum, s. gond, saintiir : luasiira, lisa. 
Gun, s. bandiiq, top. 
(iiiniier, .-. gulaiulaz. 
(iuiipowdor, x. luirut, d^ru. 
Gush, v. zor-se jari k. bah-nikaliiii. 
Gust, s. jhoka, jhakora ; zaiqa, n; 
Gut, 6\ ant, antri, 
Gutter, *'. uiuhrij parnala, abrcz, nabdaru 



HAX 



67 



HA.E 



Smtnval, a. halqi, gale-men talaffuz 

kiya jata. 

ryinua.stic, a. knsliti-ka, pahhvan-ka. 
[4yr;uion, ,<. gardish, ghurni, daur. 
Gryves, s. beri, paekari, zanjir-i-pai. 



H. 



, /,;f. wah-wah ! hae ! haha ! [farosh. 

lalvrdasiier, 5. bisati, patwa, parcha- 

labit, 6\ adat, kho, dastur, waza; libas. 

:Iabitable,o'..qabil-i-istiqamat,i < almelaiq. 

habitation, s. niakan, ghar ; sukunat, 
ralma. [maniul. 

iabitual, a. dasturi, rasmi, rawaji, adi, 

labituate, v. kho-dalna, adat pakarna, 
mamul bandhna. [taiaal. 

labituated, a. klio-gar, muranwaj, mus- 

lack, c. tukre-tukre k. para-para katna. 

lag, s. bad-surat aurat, churail. 

laggard, a. lagar, badshakl, zisht-ru. 

lail, s. ola, pathar, tagarg, zhala. 

Jail, v. ole parna ; saliib-salamat k. ; 

lailstone, s. ola, zhala, tagarg. [bulana. 

ilair, s, bal, mu, mue, kes. 

lairy, a. niue-dar, muina, bal-pur. 

3ale, a. bhala-chaiiga, tandurust, taza- 

ilalf, a. adha, nisf, nim. tawana. 

lalfvvay, s. adha-rasta, darmiyan. 

lall, s. dalan, aiwan ; diwan-khana. 

rlallelnjah, s. al-hamd-ul-illahi. 

lalloo, u. lalkarna, pukarna. 

lallow, v. mnqaddas k. taqdis k. 
Hallowed, a. muqaddas, pak. 
Kalo, s. hala, kundal, mandal. 
Halt, v. langrana ; thaharjana, muqarn k. 
Halter, s. phausi ; bag-dor. 
Halve, v. adhiyana, do-nimk. nisfaiiisfi k. 
Hani, s. ran, jangh ; suar-ki namkin ran. 
Hamlet, s. khera, gaon, dih. 
Hammer, s. martol, hathora, hathauri. 
Hammer, v. thonkna, marna, garhua. 
Hammock, s. jahazi kliat. 
Hamper, s. dala, dalwa, tokri. 
Hamper, v. uljhana, phansaua, pech-men 

dalna, azar d. 

Hamstring, v. patthe katna, pai marna. 
Hand, s. hath dast, panja ; khatt, likha. 



Hand, v. dena, hathon hath sompna, 

luitii pakarke lejaria. 
Handbreadth,*.cliar-angul,chao,chappa. 
Handcuff, s. hatu-kari. 
Handful, s. muthi-bhar, pur-musht. 
Handiness, s. dastkari, dast-qabiliyat, 

tez-dasti. [gochha. 

Handkerchief, s. rumal, dastmal, an- 
Handle, s. dasta, qabza, bent ; bahana. 
Handle, r. hath lagina ; muamala k. ; 

bay an k. 

Handmaid, s. dasi, latindi, kanez, asfl. 
Handmill, s. chakki, asiya, dalenti. 
Handsel, s. buhnj, pahli farokh. 
Handsome, a. khubsiirat, khiislmuma, 

hasin, jamil, khub, karim. 
Handsomely, ad. ba-khubi, karimana, 

jawanmardi-se. [karamat. 

Handsomeness, s. khiibi, jawanmardi, 
Handwriting,s. dast-khatt,hath-ka likha. 
Handy, a. dastkar, tez-dast, dast-qabil ; 

taiyar. 
Hang, v. latkana, tangna, phansi d. gal 

d. ; jhukna, faromail k. ; latakna. 
Hangings, s. diwar-giri, parda, jhalar. 
Hangman, s. jallad, phansiyara. 
Hank, s. phenti, pechak, lachchha. 
Hankering, s. mail, ragbat, shauq, 

khwahish. [bakhi. 

Hap, s.ittifaq,sarguzasht,hadisa,qisrnat, 
Hapless, a. kain-bakht, be-riasib. 
Haply, ad. shayad, ittifaqan, magar. 
Happen, v. hojaria, aparna, waqi h. 
Happily, ad. bhag-se, bakhtyarana, ba 

khair-o-khubf. 
Happiness, s. khushi, saadat, asudahalf, 

kamraui. [mand, kamran. 

Happy, a. khush, shad, khair, saadar- 
Harangue, s. kalain, taqrfr, khitiii), 

sukhn. [tasdi k. 

Harass, v. thakana, satana, taklif d. 
Harbinger, s. agwa,peshrau,inuqaddam. 
Harbour, s. bandar, kol ; panah, malja. 
Hard, a. sakht, kara, mazbut ; dunlnvar, 

mushkil, shadid, bhari. 
Hard, ad. qarib, nazdik, pas; musii;..;- 

qat-se, mihnat-se ; jaldf, shitabi ; 

zor-se, shiddat-se. 



HAT 



68 



HEA 



Harden, v. sakht k. kara k. pathrana ; 

barqarar k. [dard. 

Hardhearted, a. sang-dil, be-rahm, be- 
Hardiness, s. dileri ; mazbuti ; gustakhi. 
Hardly, ad. mushkil-se, dushwari-se ; 

durushti-se. 
Hardness, s. mazbuti, sangfni, sakhti, 

dushwari, sang-dili, durushtf, be-dardi . 
Hardship, s. sakht mihnat, tasdia, ranj, 

musibat. 

Hardware, s. lokhar, asbab-i-ahan. 
Hardy, a. mazbut, shah-zor, qawi, diler, 
Hare, s. khargosh, kharha. [mardana. 
Harebrained,a.chanchal; hawassbakhta. 
Harem, s. haram-sara, zanana. 
Hark, int. suno ! kan rakho ! 
Harlot, s. kasbf, fahisha, zaniya. 
Harm, s. nuqsan, ziyan, zarar, zabuni. 
Harm, v. nuqsan k. ziyan k.[nah, bhola. 
Harmless, a. be-nuqsan, be-ziyan, be-gn- 
Harmonious, a. ham-ahang, khushawaz, 

pursoz ; muwafiq. 
Harmony, s. hamahangi, hamsazi, mel, 

ittihad, muwafiqat. 

Hamess, s. saz, saman, saranjam ; silah. 
Har]?, s. barbat, chang, bin. 
Harper, s. barbat-nawaz, changi. 
Harpoon, s. barchhi, ballam. 
Han'ow, s. henga, sarawan. 
Harsh, a. kara, tursh, talkh, nakhush ; 

durusht, tursh-mizaj. 
Harshness, s. kharkharahat, sakhti, tnr- 

shi, talkhi, durushti, shiddat. 
Hart, s. liaran, hama. 
Harvest, s. fasl, khari f, khirman ; mahsul. 
Hash, v. qjma k. tukra tukra k- 
Haste, s.jaldi, shitabf, chalakf ; jhapnt. 
71, T. jaldi k. shitabf k. daurna, 

daurana. [tadbiri-so. 

Hsi.^tily, <"1. jnldf-sp. turt, jhapat ke, be- 

Hasty, a. jald, sliital>, lic-lihaz, tandkho, 

Ifat, .s. top), kulah. ini/iij. 

;i, bachcha uikulna : 

})andhna, uthana. 

iinlclicl, >. tubni 1 , kulhari. [ diishniain r. 
Hate, r. nafrat k. kina r. k,-u;'iliiy:ii k. 
Hateful, a. makruli, k:irili, TH;IVIK|, bura. 
Hatred, s. nafrat, karaliiyat, duslimoni. 



Haughtiness, s. guriir, magrurf, takab- 

bur, ghamand. [maiidi.j 

Haughty, a. magi'ur, mutakabbir, gha- 
Haul, v. khfnchna, ghasitna, ainchna. 
Haunch, s. ran, jangh ; putha. [basna. 
Haunt, v. amad-o-raffc k. ana-jana, rahna, 
Haunt, s. amad-o-raft-ki jagah, basa, 
Hautboy, s. shahnae, sarnae. [thikana. 
Have, v. rakhna, pana, pas h. dakhl k. 

tasarruf-men lena. 
Haven, s. bandar, kol ; panah. 
Havock, s. kharabi, tabahi, wirani. 
Hawk, s. baz, jurra, shikra. 
Hawker, s. pheri-wala, dast-farosh. 
Hay, s. sukhi-ghas, alaf. [qimarbazi. 
Hazard, s. andesha, khatra, jokhim ; jua^ 
Haze, s. kuhra, kuhasa. 
He, p. wah, wuh, usne. 
| Head, s. sar, sir, mund ; sardar, salar. 
Head, v. sardar h. salar h. hukumat k. 
Headache, s. dard-i-sar, sudaa, sir-dukh. 
Headland, s, sar-i-zamm, ras-i-jubal. 
Headlong-, a. aivndha-sir, sarnigun; be 

lihaz se, nag&h. 

Headstrong, a. sar-kash, magra, s;nv.or. 
Heal,r.changa k.shifad. aramk.; rafa k. 
Health, s.tandurastijSihhat, aram, afiyar. 
Healthy, a. blmlachauga, tandurust, sa- 

hih-o-salim. 

Heap, s. dher, anbar, tiida. [jama k. 
Heap, v. dher Ingana, anbar k. rud;i k. 
Hear, v. sunna,k:'uilau-ana, mutawajjih h. 
Hearer, s. sunne-wiila, sami. 
Hearing, s. sunawat, samaat, istim^. 
Hearken, v. surma, kan lagana ya dharna. 
Hearsay,s. suin'-simai li;u , shulirat,nt\vhh. 
II<\'u'si>, .s. imu-da-ki-gari. 
Heart, .. dil, qalb, khatir ; dariin, magz, 

giida; shafaqat. 

Hcai-t-achc, .s. dard-i-dil, dil-tangi, tram. 
Heart-burn, .s. ami-pit, danl-i-shikm. 
I! carl -burning, s. kina. biiirx. 
Heart-oasijig, <>. dil-Hi-arn, dilasa. 
Hcai'iily, ml. dil-o-jan-se, shauq-se; dil- 

kholke, sadi(|aiia. u'-dil. 

Heartless, a. be-dil, nu-inard. lic-ralun, 
llrarry, a. tandurust, qawi, NUT 

sadiq, saf-dil. 



IT EX 



69 



HIG 



Heat, s. garmi, tab, hararat, atashmi/aji . 
Heat, v. garm k. gann&na, josh-meg Uiiui. 

l!<\-Ht'd, <i. iranii, nibdar : ira/ab-nak. 

1 Icnth, x. jhar-dar mnitUin. 

Heathen, x. but-parast, inuslirik, kafir. 

1 1 eat lienism, x. but-parasti, kufr, jahalat. 

Heave, v. uthiina; phenkna; phiilna; 
hamphna ; ubakna. 

Heaven, s. asraan,falak ; bihisht, jannat. 

Heavenly, a. asmani, falaki, bihishtf, 
jannati. [gfim. 

Heaviness, s. bojh, bhar, saqalat ; ranj, 

Heavy, a. bhari, snngfn, saqil ; gamnak, 
gamgin ; dushwar,sust, kahil ; ahmaq. 

Hebrew, s. Ibrani, Ibri, Yahudi. 

Hedge, s. bar, bara, ghera, ihata, jharban- 

Hedgehog, s. sahi, khar-pusht. [df. 

Heed, 5. dhiyan, lihaz, klial)ardari. 

Heedful, a khabardar, mutawajjih, hosh- 

Heel, s. eri, pashna. [yar. 

Heifer, s. bachhiya, kalor, osar. [tamam. 

Height, s.uncliai, bulandi ; farazi, kanial, 

Heighten, v. uncha k. barhana, charhana, 
ziyada k. 

Heinous, a. sharir, shadid, zabun, sakht. 

Heir, s. waris, wali-ahd, hacjq-dar. 

Heiress, s. warisa, zan-i-haqq-dar. 

Helioscope, s. clur-bin, aftab-bin. 

Hell, s. jahannam, dozakh, saqr. 

Hellebore, s. kutki, kharbaq. 

Helm, s. pat-war, sukkan, khala. 

Helmet, s. khod, magfar. 

Helmsman, s. manjhi. 

Help, s. madad, imdad, madadgarf , dast- 
giri, istianat. 

Help, v. madad k. imdad k. yari k. dast d. 

Helpful, a. madadgar, muavvin, mufid. 

Helpless,a.be-chara, la-char, be-maqdur. 

Helterskelter, ad, ulajhpulajh, be-tartib- 

Hem, s. magzi, sanjaf, kor. [se. 

Hemisphere, s. nisf-ul-arz, nimkura. 

Hemistich, s. misra, tuk. 

Hemp, s. san, pat, pat\va. 

Hen, s. murgi ; mada. 

Hence, ad. yahan-se, ihan-se, idliar-se ; 
ie-waste, is-liye, is-masdar-se ; din- 
no ! chale-jao ! [iske, ainda. 

Henceforth, ad. ab-se, is-waqt-se, bad- 



Heptagon, .s. haft-gosha, haft-pah In. 
Her, p. uska, usko. [dan. 

Herald, s. iminadi, dliiiulhoriya ; tamga- 
Herb, s. nabat, buta, jan, sag, sab/a. 
Herbage, x. ghas-pat, sabza, charai. 
Herd, x. galla, jhund, jatha, garoh. [ya. 
Herdsman, s. gallc-ban, charwa^ha, baldi- 
Here, ad. ihan, yahan, is-jagah, idhar. 
Hereafter, ad. bad-iske, bad azin, ainda. 
Hereby, ad. is-se, is-par, az-in. 
Hereditary, a. maurusi, milki, abai. 
Herein, ad. is-men, is-bich. 
Heresy, s. bidat, ilhad, rafizat. 
Heretic, s. bidati, mulhid, rafizi. 
Herewith, ad. iske sath, ba-in, usi-waqt. 
Hei'itage, s. irs, miras, wirasat, warsa. 
Hermaphrodite, s. khunsa, mukhannas, 

hijra. {[hid. 

Hermit, s. gosha-nashm, sahranishin, za- 
Hermitage,s.gosha,hujra,khilwat-khana. 
Hero, s. bahadur, gazf-mard, rustam. 
Heroism,s.bahaduri, shujaat,jurat, dilen. 
Heron, s. buti-mar, mahi-khwar, bagla. 
Herself, p. ap, ap-hi, khud. 
Hesitate, v. pas-o-pesh k. hais-bais-men 

h. waswas k. [bha, waswas. 

Hesitation, s. pas-o-pesh, hais-bais, slm- 
Heterodox, a. khilafi-din, bidati, khariju 
Heterogeneous, a. na-muwafiq, gair-jins, 

mukhalif. 

Hew, v. kat dalna, tarashna, katkut k. 
Hexagonal, a. shash-gosha, shash-pahlu, 

musaddas. 

Hexameter, s. musaddas bait, khatpad. 
Hiccup, s. hichki. [makhfi. 

Hidden, a. chippa, poshfda, nihufta, 
Hide, u. chhipana, poshida k. lukana. 
Hide, s. khal, chamra, post. 
Hideous, a. zisht-ru, bad-surat, makruh, 
Hie, v. jaldi chalna. [khaufnak. 

Hieroglyphic, s. harf-i-naqshi. 
High, a. uncha, buland, faraz, all ; mag- 

rur, mutakabbir ; garan, niahanga. 
Highlander, s. pahari, kohistani. [yada. 
Highly, ad. bahiit, nihayat, bashiddat, zi- 
Higlnuinded, a. mutakabbir, magrur, 

ali-taba. [janab-i-ali. 

Highness, s. unchai, bulandi ; hazrat, 



HOG 



70 



HOP 



High-treason, s. bagawat, khiyanat, na- 

mak-harami. 

High-water, s. jawar, charhao, madd. 
Highway, s. shah-rah, sarak, bara-rasta. 
Highwayman, s. rah-zan, qazzak. 
Hilarity, s. khush-diliya hali, hansi, khu- 
Hill, s. chhota pahar, pushta. [shi. 

Hillock, s. tila, pahari. 
Hilly, a. pahari, koh-sar. 
Hilt, s. rmith, qabza, dasta. 
Him, p. usko, isko. 
Himself, p. ap, ap-hi, khud. 
Hind, s. harm', [zahamat k. 

Hinder, v. rokna, atkana, mana k. mu- 
Hinderance, s. atkao, rukao, muzahamat, 

sadd. 

Hindermost, a. pichhla, pichhari, akhir. 
Hinge, s. qabza, nar-mada, chul. 
Hint, s. ishara, kinaya, ima, ramz. 
Hip, s. kula, puth, surin. 
Hippopotamus, s. darya-i-ghora. 
Hire, s. kiraya, ajura, mazduri, bhara. 
Hii-e, v. kiraya lena ya k. bhara d. 
Hireling, s. ajura- dar, mazclur, thikedar. 
His, p. uska, iska. 

Hiss, s. phunkar, hisht, safir ; tali-mar. 
Hiss, v. phunkarna, phanphanana ; tali 

marna. 

Historian, s. tawarikh-navis, muwarrikh. 
History, *. tarikh, tawarikh, dastan , qissa. 
Hit, v. mania, lagana, pahunchna. 
Hither, ad. yalian, idhar, istaraf. 
Hiiherto, ad. ab-tak, hanoz, yahan-tak. 
Hive, s. chhatta, zaiibur-khana. 
Hoar, a. sufaid, pakka. 
Hoard, .s. punji, maya, jama, ginij. 
Hoard, v. jama k. puuji k. ganj k. 
Hoar-frost, s. pala, kohar. 

c, a. bhari-awa/, gulii-gii-ifta. fgi. 
. -ness, s. girif tagi awaz, ,n 1 1 il -_c i i i 1 't a- 
llniiry, ". sal'i-d, sulaiil, ])akk;i-l)al. 
Holl)lc, v. laiurriina, ruat.akta chaln^. 
Hobgoblin, t. l)hut, parot, haulnak siirat. 
Hocus-pocus, s. huqqa-bazi, bazigari. 
Hoe, s. kudali, ])lii"r:i. 
Hog, s. suar, klitik, khinxir. 
Hogety, .s. suar-ka ghar, kliiiizir-kliana. 
Hogshead, .. ek map-ka pipa. 



Hoist, v. uthana, charhana, uncha k. 
Hold, v. pakarna, gahna, girift k. rakhna, 

samana, shamilh. ; thambhna ; rahna. 
Hold,s. girift ; asra ; qaid-khaiia ; dahra -, 

garhi. [niutasarrif. 

Holder, s. rakhne-wala, darinda, dar, 
Hole, s. garha, sui-akh, chhed, bil. 
Holiday, s. id, teohai\ 
Holiness, s. paki, parsai, taqdis, taqwa. 
Hollo, int. are ! ai ! ho ! aji ! 
Hollow, a. khali, khokhla, mujauwaf; 

gambhir awaz ; riyakar, be-wafa. 
Hollow, s. khokh, phonk, garha. 
Holocaust, s. sokhta, qurban. 
Holy, a. pak, parsa, muqaddas. 
Holy-Ghost, s. Euh-ul-quds. 
Holy-writ, s. kitab-i-mnqaddas. 
Homage, s. farman-bardari, itaat, baiat, 

taslimat. 

Home, s. apna ghar, makan, watn, mulk. 
Homely, a. sada, natarashida, bcnazakat. 
Home-made, a. khanaji, khanasaz, desi. 
Homicide, s, mardum-kusli ya kushi. 
Homogeneous, a. ham-jins, eksan, mu- 
Hone, s. pathri, sili. [waiiq. 

Honest, a. rastbaz, diyanat-dar, salili, 

sadiq, sachcha. 

Honestly, ad. rasti-se, salihana, sahqan. 
Honesty, s. rasti, diyanat, ridq,aachohf. 
Honey, s. shahd, asal, madh. [khana. 
Honeycomb, s. chatta, shan, shalul- 
Honoui', s. abrii, hurmat, iz/at, a/.inat, 

buzurgi; rasti. 

Honour, v. izzat d. muatabar r. 
Honourable, a. sahib-i-i/.zat, nuihtarain, 

abru-dar, sadiq. 

Honorary, a. jzzat-bakhsh, fakhira. 
Hood, s. kuhih, sarposh, urhni. 
Hoof, s. sum, khiii 1 . unl. 
Hook, s. ankrai, ciullab, kantiya, ! 
Hoop, s. ktindlf, li'lii'rn, lialtja. 
Hoot, s. shor, gul, tali. 
Hop, *. kiid, kudak ; ((isiii-i-daT-nkht. 
Hop, v. phudakna, kudakna, laiiLirana. 
Hope, N. uinnu'd, as;i, asnl, tawa(|(|U. 

Hopeful, a. uiunu'iUviir, mutowaqqj, 

li.iiihar. 
Hopeless, a. na-uumied, may us, lachar. 



HOU 



71 



HUR 



Horde, 5. urdu ; taifa, guroh. 
Horizon, s. ufuq, kimira-i-asman. 
Horizontally, *'. dar tariq-i-musawi, 

uiii-ki barabnv. 
Horn, s. sing, shakh, qarn. 

.1, ". sing-dar, shakh-dar. 
Hornet, s. birni, zambiir. 
Horologe, s. ghari, saat-numa. 
Horoscope, s. akhtar, burj-i-tali, zaicha. 
Horrible, } a.haul-nak,haibat-nak,wah- 
Horrid, > shat, angez, makruli. 
Horror, s. haibat, haul, wahshat, nafrat. 
Horse, s. ghora, asp. 
Horseback, s. ghore-par sawar. 
Horsebreaker, s. chabuk- sawar. [farosh. 
Horse-dealer, s. ghore-ki saudagar, asp- 
Horse-doctor, s. salotri, charpayon-ka 
Horseman, s. sawar, shah-sawar.[tabib. 
Horse-race, s. ghur-daur, taz. 
Horse-radish, s. sahajna-ki jar. 
Horseshoe, s. nal. 

Horticulture, s. bag-baui, malf-gari. 
Hose, s. moze, jurrab, pa-taba. 
Hosier, s. moze-farosh, jurrab-gar. 
Hospitable, a. mihmaii-dar ya parwar, 

saiyah-dost. 

Hospital, s. bimar-khjma, darush-shifa. 
Hospitality, s. mihniaii-dari, parwarj, 

mezbani, ziyafat. [khana. 

Host, s. mihmandar, niezban, sahib-i- 
Hostage, s. ol, yargamal, kafil. 
Hostess, s. kadbanu, mihmandar zan. 
Hostile, a. mnkhalif, dushmani, harbi. 
Hostility, s. mukhalafat, dushmani, ada- 

\vat, larai. 

Hot, a. garm, tabdar, tez, atashi ; mast. 
Hotel, s. Angrezi sarae. 
Hound, s. shikan-kutta. 
Hour, s. ghari, saat, ghanta. 
Hourglass, s. shisha-i-saat, shisha-i-reg. 
Hourly, a. har ghari, har saat, dafatan. 
House, s. ghar, inakan, haweli, khana. 

kothi ; gharana,khaudan,nasl ; majlis. 
Housebreaker, s. sendhiya, sendh-chor. 
Household, s. gharana, khandan. 
Housekeeping, s. khanadari, nafaqa. 
Houserent, s. ghai'-ka kiraya. 
Housewife, s. kudbauu, zau-i-khana dar. 



Housewifery, s. khanadari, girliasti. 
Hovel, s. jhompra, kothi. 
IIovci-, v. para-phiriia, thahar-rnliiia. 
How, ad. kaisa, kis-tarah, kyiinkar, chi- 

guna ? [tisparbhi. 

However, ad. wa-lekin, magar, tobhi, 
Howl, v. bhaunkna, pukarna, walwala k. 
Hubbub, s. gulgul, gauga, haiik-pukar, 

harbari. 

Hue, s. rang, gun ; hank-pukar, shorgul. 
Hug, v. chhati lagana, bagal-rncn lena. 
Huge, a. bara, kalan, azim. 

^ kho1 - 



Hum, v. gungunana, bhinbhinana. 
Human, a. insani, bashari, admi-ka. 
Humane, a. dardmand, i-ahm dil, halim. 
Humanity, s. admiyat, insanfyat ; narrn- 

dili, dardmandf. [khaksar. 

Humble, a. garib, miskin, farotan, 
Humble, v. nicha k. past k. farotan r, 

tahqir k. halim k. 

Humble-bee, s. ali, madhukar, zambura. 
Humbly, ad. garibana, farotani-se, ajizi- 
Humid, a. nam, tar, abi, martub, sila.[se. 
Humidity, s. namj, tari, rutubat, tara- 

wat, sil. 

Humiliation, s. farotani, wazaat, zaraat. 
Humility, s. inkisari, khak-sari, garibi, 

dabao. [tifa-go. 

Humorous, a. thathol, khush-taba, la- 
Humour, s. ras, tari, ab, khilt; mizaj, 

kho ; bazla, latif, thathe-bazi. [zi r. 
Humour, v. khatir r. nazbarclari k. mar- 
Hump, s. kuza, kubrai, kohan. 
Hump-backed, a. kuza-pusht, kubra, 

khamida-pusht. 

Hundred, a. sau, sad ; pargana. 
Hunger, s. bhukh, gursanagi, ishtiha. 
Hungry, a. bhukha, gursana. 
Hunt, v. shikar k. said k. ; dhundlma. 
Hunt, s. shikar, said. 
Hunter, s. shikari, saiyad. 
Hurl, v. zor-se phenkna, gira-dena. 
Hurrahjint. jaijaikar,afrm sad afrin,sha- 
Hurricane,s. andhi,tufan,girdban.[bash. 
Hurry, s. jaldi, shitabi, tagapu, harbari. 
Hurt, s. chot, zakhm, ziyau, /arur. 



IGN 



72 



1MB 



Hurt, v. chot d. zakhm d. nuqsan k.. 
Hurtful, a. muzirr, ziyankar, nuqsani, 

zabun. [zauj. 

Husband, s. khasam. shauhar, khawind, 
Husbandman, s. kisan, kishtkar, niazari, 

diliqan. 

Husbandry, s. kisnai, kishtkarf, ziraat. 
Hush, int. chup ! khamosh ! 
Husk, s. chhilka, bakla, post, bhusi. 
Hut, s. jhompra, chhappar, kulba. 
Hyacinth, s. sumbal-i-hindi ; asman-ju- 

m, qisra-i-jauhar. 
Hydraulics, s. jlm-i-abrawani. 
Hydrometer, s. ab-i-paimana. 
H}>-drophobia, s. nafrin-i-ab (qism-i-ma- 

raz). 

Hyena, s. charg, kaftar, lakra. 
Hymn, s. ilahi sarod, munqabat. 
Hypocrisy, s. riya, riyakari, makr, salus. 
Hypocrite, .9. ^ riyakar, makkar, mu- 
Hypocritical, a. ) rai, makr-amez. 
Hypothesis, s. qiyas, andaza. 



I. 



I, p. main, main ap. 
Ice, s. barf, yakli. 

Idea,s. khiyal, wahm, tasauwur, samajh. 
Ideal, a. khiyali, wahmi, mutasauwar. 
Identity, s. eksani, mutabaqat. 
Idiom, s. muhawara, rozmarra, istilah. 
Idiot, s. abla, ahmaq, gaodi. [da, harxa. 
Idle, a. sust, kahil, bekar, majhul, behu- 
Idleness, s. susti, kahili, majhuli, bekari. 
Idol, s. but, sanam, murat. 
Idolater, s. lmt-p:irast, mushrik. 
Idolatry, s. but-parastf, ib;idat-i-sanam. 
J<loli/e, v. piijna, aziz janna, mahbub r. 
If, c. agar, -ar, jo, g O . 
Ignis-fatuus, s. chlialawa. 
Ignite, u. ag lagiina, jalana ; jaln:i. fla. 
Ignoble, a. bad-asl, kanu'iia, nfijins, riza- 
Ignominious, a. ruswa, badnam, qabih, 

m4yub. 

Ignominy, s. ruswai, btuliuiiiu', fazihat. 
LgDOranoe, s. nadani, jaluilat, bcwaiii'ifi. 
' :iit, 'i. iimian, jjiliil, licwaci; 
aiitly,ad. nadanista,jahilana,anja- 



111, a. bura, bad, kharab, zabdn ; bimar, 

nasaz. . [rust. 

Illegal, a. khilaf-i-shara, haram, nadu- 
Illegally, ad. shara-ki bai'khilafi-se, na- 

dumsti-se. 

Illegible, a. na-khwandani, bad-khatt. 
Illegitimacy, s. haram-zadagi, bad-asli. 
Illegitimate, a. haramzada, bad-asl, wa- 

lad-uz-zinna. 

Ill-favoured, a. zisht-ru, bad-surat. 
Illiberal, a. tang-dast, be-faiz ; hila-baz. 
Illicit, a. haram, na-rawa, na-jaiz. 
Illiterate, a. na-khwanda, jahil, nadan. 
Ill-nature, s. bad-khoi-khaslat, niliadi- 

batini. [batin. 

Ill-natured, a. bad kho-mizaj, nihad- 
Illness, s. bimari, maraz, azar ; kharabf. 
Ill-timed, a. be-mauqa, be-waqt-ka. 
Ill-treatment,s.bad-sul uk, bad-muamila. 
Illude, v. banana, bhulana, chhalna, 

fareb d. [farog. 

Illumination, s. tanwir, tajalli, roshni, 
Illuminator, s. tajalli-kar, afrozinda, mir- 

bakhsh. 

Illuminate, "^ ( roshan k. munauwar k. 
Illumine, ) ' ujala k. 
Illusion, s. dhokha, chhal, fareb, khiyal. 
Illusive, a. surat-haram, khiyali, vaug- 

amez. 

Illustrate, v. tafsir k. wazih k. bay an k. 
Illustration, s. tafsir, tauzih, bayan, tal)ir. 
Illustrative, a. mubaiyan, inusliari'ili. 
Illustrious, a. namwar, nami, muniiax, 

buzurgwar. \ nam. 

Image, s. murat, nigar, shakl, but, sa- 
Iin:!.Lrinable, a. qiyas-o-guman-ke (jabil, 

mutasauwar. 

Imaginary, . khiyali, gumani, wahmi. 
Imagination, s. khiyal, qiyas, walmi, gu- 

mn, tnsainvar. [samajlnia. 

Imagine, v. kliiyal k. qiyas k. gumau k. 
Imbecility, s. natawaiu. /uf, kain-xihni, 

kam-aqli. [biil k. 

Imbibe, v. ]n'-l(Mi3, sokhna, jazb k. <ja- 
hnbittcr, v. talkh k. kar\v:i k. ranjida k. 
[mbolden, r. diler k. himmat d. 
lmb]-u(% u. bhigon, dubdiia, nliula k. 
Imbue, /. rangna, racliana, rangin k. 



IMP 



73 



IMP 



liuit:\ble,a. qabil-i-taqlid, tatabbu-pazfr. 
Imitate, v. paira\vi k. tatablm k. taqlid k. 
lmitatioiv.pairu\yi.f;u;il)l>u,!;iqlid,i);u[l. 
Imitator, s. naqil, niutatabbi, pairau. 
Immaculate, a. be aib, be-jirm, pak, saf. 
Immaterial, a. mujarrad, bewajud, gair- 

maddi ; na-muzaiqa, be-qadr. 

Immature, a. kachcha, kham, na-pukht, 

na-rasida, be-waqt. [sidagi. 

Immaturity, . kachchai, khami, na-ra- 

Immeasurable, a. be-andaza, be-hadd, 

be-iutiha. 

Immediate, a. qarib, bilfial, filfaur.[hal. 
Immediately, ad. abhi, fauran, turt, dar- 
Immemorial, a. yad-se bahar, qadim, 
sabiq. [payan. 

Immense, a. be-nihayat, be-qiyas, be- 
Immensely, ad. uihayat, hadd-se ziyada, 
ba-kasrat. [be-qiyasi. 

Immensity, s. be-nihayati, be-payani, 
Immerge, ") , clubana, garq k. gota di- 
Immerse, j V ' lana. 
Immersion, s. garq, gota, dubki. 
Immethodical, a. be-intizam, be-uslub, 

be-taur, be-daul. 

Imminent, a. nazdik, qarib, mushrif. 
Immoderate, a. be-andaza, be-hadd, ni- 
hayat. [chashm. 

Immodest, a. be-haiy a, be-sharm, shokh- 
Jmmodesty, s. be-liijabi, bc-haiyai. 
Immolate, u. qui-bani k. zalm k. fida k. 
Immoral, a. bad-kirdar, bad-waza, bura, 
zabuu. [buni. 

Immorality, s. bad- Is an', badi, burai, za- 
Immortal, a. be-marg, la-zawal, baqi, 

qaiyum. 

Immortality, s. haiyat-i-jawidani, baqa. 
Immortalize, v. namawar k. namdar k. 
baqi r. [wan. 

Immoveable, a. qaim, mustaqill, na-ra- 
Immunity, s. muat'i, makhlasi, riliai, aza- 
Immure, v. gherna, baud k. qaid k. [df. 
Immutability, s. be-tabclili, sabat, ek hali. 
Immutable, a. be-tabdil, be-tagir, ek hal. 
Impair, v. ghatana, kam k. bigarna, 
nuqsan k. [dena, bakhshna. 

Impart, v. kahna, batlana, samjhana ; 
Impartial, a. adil, munsif, be- gai-az, sadiq. 



Impartiality, s. adl, insaf, be-tarafd^n', 
Impassable, a. be-yu/ara, band, [rasti. 
Impatience, s. be-sabri, be-istiqlali, te/- 

mizaji. [mizaj- 

Impatient, a. be-sabr, be-istiqlal, tex. 
Impeach, v. baramad k. nalish k. 
Impeachment, s. baramad, nalish, dawa. 
Impede, v. atkana, rokna, muzahimat k. 
Impediment, s. atkao, rok, muzahimat ; 

luknat. 

Impel, v. chalana, daurana, dhakiyana. 
Impend, v. latak rahna, mushrif h. qarib 

h. nazdik pahunchna. 
Impending, a. qarib nazdik, mushrif. 
Impenetrable, a. na-dukhul-pazir, be- 

guzara. [gair-nadamat. 

Impenitent, a. be-tauba, be-pashimani, 
Imperative, a. farmai, hukumati ; amr. 
Imperceptible,a.na-malum ; na-mahsas, 

ahiste ahiste. [qis. 

Imperfect, a. na-tamam, na-karnil, iia- 
Imperfection, s. aib, qusur, kaini, iiaqs. 
Imperial, a. badshahi, shahanshahi sul- 

tani. [zalim. 

Imperious, a. hukumati, mutakabbir, 
Imperishable, a. la-zawal, na-murdani, 

baqi. 

Impersonal, a. fial-i-befai, arnr-i-gaib. 
Impertinence, s. be-adabi, gustakhf, 

magrai. [harza, be-hiida. 

Impertinent, a. be-adab, gustakh, magra ; 
Impertinently, <i.gustakhi-se, be-adabi- 
Impervious, a, be-guzara, band. [se. 
Impetuosity, s. tezi, tundi, garmi, shid- 

dat, galba. [galib* 

Impetuous, a. tez, tund, garm, shadid, 
Impetus, s. tezrawf, zor, qmvat. 
Impiety, s. be-dini, ilhad, kufr. 
Impious, a. be-din, inulhid, katir, zindi'q. 
Implacable, a. be-rahm, sang-dil, sak I it- 
Implant, v. ropna, lagana, rakhna. [dil. 
Implement, s. hathyar, alat, auzar, sa- 

ranjam. 

Implicate, v. phasana, giriftar k. pech k. 
Implicit, a. tamam, kamil ; mafhurn, 

muradi. [nzr. 

Implicitly, ad. kamilana, tamaman, l>ila 
Implore, v. dua k. iltija k, iiiinnat k. 



IMP 



74 



IXA 



Imply, v. mam r. murad r. dalalat k. 

batana. 

Impolitic, a. na-maqul, na-munasib. 
Import, s. maqsad, raazmun, mam ; am- 

dani ; girani, qadr, muzaiqa. 
Import, v. saudagari mal mulk-men la- 

iia ; batlana, main r. dalalat k. 
Importance, s. girani, qadr, mnzaiqa, 

zarurat. [bara, azim. 

Important, a. bhari, giran, muhimm, 
Importunate, a. mutaqazi, muqtazf, min- 

nat-kar, bajidd. [parna. 

Importune, v. taqaza k. minnat k. pichlie 
Importunity, s. taqaza, minnat, jidd, ta- 

qaiyud. 
Impose, v. sompna, bandhna, rakhna, 

lagana, charhana ; on, dhokha d. 

fareb d. chhalna. 
Imposition, s. rakhna, lagana, taklif, khi- 

raj ; dhokha, fareb. [kini. 

Impossibility, s. gair-imkan, ua-mum- 
Impossible, a. gair-mumkin, na-honi, 
Impost, s. mahsul, khiraj. [muhal. 

Imposthmne, s. dabil, dumbal, phora. 
Impostor, .s. makkar, hila-baz, farebi. 
Imposture, s. fareb, talbis, hila, daga. 
Impotence, s. na-tawani, be-maqduri ; 

na-mardi. [namurd. 

Impotent, a. natawan, be-maqdur, zaif ; 
erish, v. faqir k. garfb k. [muhal. 
Impracticable, a. na-sakhtaiii, anhona, 
.hnpjvratu, v. bad-du(i k. kosna, lauat k. 
[mprecatkm, -s. bsid-dua, lauat, nafrin. 

fcde, . mania, na-mumkin-i- 

,i!ir. [k. 

. v. hamila k. bardar k. l>liar 

Impress, v. nishan k. asar k. kliatir ua- 

shin k. Kukln-a pakarna. [khiyal. 

I mpressi< )n..>-. Jia(|sh, cliliaj)a, asar, tasir ; 

". khatii-iuishiu, rnuassir, 

[k. 

Impri: ' . k. ililiiaslnii 

Imprison, -. ij.-iid k. uialiln'is k. band k. 
"inipri . ((aid, l>andi. [quli. 

. adaiM-iiitiiual, na-ma- 
Impi-'i . iuj-, irair-ma(jul, 

kliil8t-i-i| [saza. 



Impropriety, s. na-shaistagi, na-maquli, 

na-munasibat. [qi d. 

Improve, v. bihtar k. khubtar k. taraq- 
Improvement, s. bihtari, taraqqi, du- 

rusti, islah. [be-tadbir. 

Improvident, a. kotah-andesh, be-tamiz, 
Imprudent, a. be-lihaz, be-tadbir, gafil, 

be-khabar. [sharnii, bc-adabi. 

Impudence, s. gustakhi, be-hayai, be- 
Impudent,a. gustakh, be-haya, be-sharm, 

be-adab. [tasir. 

j Impulse, s. dhakka, harakat, zor, asar, 
j Impulsive, a. muharrik, chalao, zor-dar. 
I Impunity, s. be-sazai, be-siyasati, be- 

aqubati. [najis. 

Impure, a. na-pak, na-saf, palid, aliida, 
Impurity, s. na-paki, na-safai aludau'i, 

najasat. [buhtan. 

Imputation, s. lagao, ihtimal, tuhmat, 
Imputative, a. ihtimal-pazir, qa))il-i- 

tuhmat. 

Impute, v. lagana, ihtimal k. mansub k. 
In, pr. men, bhitar, andar, bich : ko. 
Inability, s. na-tawani, iia-taqatj, na-qab- 

liyat, tangdasti. 

Inaccessible, a. be-guzara, mumtana-ul- 
Inaccuracy, s. galatf, na-sihhat, chuk. 
Inaccurate,a.galat,gair-sahih,na-dunist. 
Inactive, a. sust, be-shugl, majhul, kahil. 
Inadequate, a. gair-kafi, kam ; qasir, na- 

laiq, na-qabil. 

Inadmissible, a. na-masmua, na-qabul. 
Inadvertence, ") gaflat, be-khal>:iri, 
Inadvertency, $ S ' bhul. 
Inadvertent, a gafil, be-khabar, kahil. 
Inadvertently, ad. gaflat-se, bhulkar, 

clmk-se. 
Inalienable, a. apne tasarruf-se dusre-ko 

drno-ko na-qabil. 
InaiK', .. kliali, tihi, bchiida. 
Inanitnate, c. bc-jsin, af'sui'da, niurda. 
Inanity, 8. khulu, khahi, bclii, 
Inapplicabli', ". na-iiunvafiq. gair-muta- 

)i(|, na-inunasili. 

Inarticulate, a. ralatluz-inrn nsi-kli.. 
Inartilicial, a. na-iiiasnua, bi>-sjik!i: 

tarkib, bhola. 

< ; zira-ki, iswastc, kyu 



IXC 



75 



INC 



jnattrntion, s. galili, be-khabari, be- 

parwai. [wa. 

, a. gafil, be-khabar, be-par- 
Inaudible, a. na-masmiia, im-snna jawo. 
i nauirnrate, ?. baitluiluajulus d. taqdis k. 
inauguration, s. julus, taqdis. 
Inauspicious, <>. na-niasud, inanlms, bad- 

bakht, na-mubarak. [muatabar. 

fnauthentic, a. na-sahih, na-sabit, na- 
Incalculable, a. be-hisab, be-slmmar. 
Incantation, s. afsun, jadii, inantar. 
incapable, a. na-qabil, mi-laiq, be-inaq- 

dur, qasir. [na-laiq k. 

ciiato, r. na-qabil k. be-maqdur k. 
Incapacity, s. na-qabliyat, iia-rasai. 
Inoamato, a. mujassain, zf-jisin, akarf. 
Incarnation, s. tajassum, jibinu-iri, autar. 
Incautious, a. be-ihtiyat, be-tadbir, be- 

khabardar. 

Incendiary, s. atash-afroz, fitna-angez, 
Incense, .s. loban, ud, bakhur. [chher. 
Incense, r. khafa k. khasham-nak k. 
Incentive, a. iiiuhan-ik, targib, bajs. 
Incessant, a. muta-svatir, 1 avatar, daim. 
Incest, s. zinakari ba khweshan. 
Incestuous, a. zinakar ba khweshan. 
Inch, s. tassu, angul. [sargu/asht. 

Incident, s.hadisa, waqia, ittifaq, niajara, 
Incidental, a. ittijfaqi, nagahani, arizi. 
Incipient, a. mubtadi, ibtida-kar. 
Incision, s. chira, zakhm, burrish, kat. 
Incite, v. targib d. tahi-ik d. uthana. 

;nent,s, targib, tahrik, tahris, garz, 

bais. [akhJaqi. 

Incivility, s. be-muruwati, be-adabi, bad- 

i >ency, s. be-rahmi, durushti, sakh- 

ti, tundi. [tund, shadid. 

"hu-lenient, a. be-rahm, be-dard, sakht, 
Inclinable, a. mai], ragib, mihrban. 
Inclination, s. mail, mailan, ragbat, 

khwahish, arzu, shauq. [k. 

Incline, r. mail h. mail k. jhukna, irada 
Include, v. shamil k. muhit k. dakliil k. 
Included, a. mundarai, mushtamal.[liua. 
iito, ad. poshida, makhfi, chhipa- 
Incoherent, a. be-huda, be-mani, gair- 

mutabiq. 
Income, *. anidani, madakhil, hasil. 



Incommode, v. tasdi d. iza d. tnklif d. 
Incomnuinical)lc,".na-L;-H!'la]ii,na-: 
Incomparable, a. bc-na/ir, bc-misnl, la- 

saiii. 

Incompatible, a. mui ariz, kliihif, na-inn- 
IncomjH'tciicy, .s. na-laiqi, na-qabliyat, 

be-maqduri. [nasib, 

Incompetent, a. na-laiq, na-qiibil, na-mu- 
Incornplete,a.na-tamain, na-kamil, naqis. 
Incomprehensible, | a. be-qiyas, trair- 
Inconceivable, ) mafhum,gair-mut- 

asamvar, samajh-se bahar. 
Inconclusive, a. gair-qati, be-sabit, na(|i>!. 
Incongi'uity, s. na-mu\vafaqat, muklia- 

lafot. 

Incongruous, a. na-muwafiq, khilaf, zidd. 
Inconsiderable, a. na-chiz, thora, kam- 

tar; be-qadr. [be-ihtiyat. 

Inconsiderate, a. be-taammul, be-lihaz, 
Inconsistency, s. na-sazkari, na-muwa- 

faqat, mukhalafat. 
Inconsistent, a. ^a-muwafiq, na-muna- 

sib, mukhalif. ' 
Inconsolable, a. na-taskm-pazir, gair- 

mutasalli, gamgin. [talauAvan. 

Inconstancy, s. na-paedari, be-qarati, 
Inconstant,a.na-paedar, beqarar, be\\ ata. 
I Incontestable,a,.sabit,shafi,qati, lakalam. 
Incontinence, I s. bad-parhezi, be-is 
Incontinency, j mati. 
Incontinent, a. bad-parhez, be-jsmat, 

shokh. [takrar. 

Incontrovertible, a. la-kalam, sabit, bn 
Inconvenience, s. na-muwafiqat, takb'f, 

tasdi. [sib, diqq-dar. 

Inconvenient, a. na*muwanq, na-muna- 
Incorporate, v. jama k. milana, makh- 

lut k. amez k. [jism. 

Incorporeal, a. na-tandar, mujarrad, be- 
Incorrect, a. na-sahih, na-durust, galat. 
Incorrigible, a. na-islah-pazir, la-ilaj, 

shadid, sharir. [bah, salih. 

Incorruptible, a. gair-fani, na-qabil-i-ta- 
Incorruption, ~[s. adam-i-fana, na-sa- 
Incorruptness, j rahat ; salah, sadagi, 

pakfzagi, taharat. 
Increase, v, barhna, barhana, ziy^da k. 

yah. 



TND 



76 



IND 



Increase, s. barhti, taraqqf, ziyadati. 
Incredibility, s. na-maquli, be-ihtimali. 
incredible, a. gair-muatabar, be-itibar. 
Incredulity, s. be-itiqadi, be-itibari. 
Incrust, r. lepna, lesna, poshida k. 
Incubation, s. sewna, ande-par baithna. 
Inculcate, v. sikhlana, nasihat k. takid k. 
Incumbuiit, a. wajib, lazim, zurur. 
Incur, v. sazawar h. uthana, lagana. 
Incurable, a. la-ilaj, be-da\va, be-chara. 
Incursion, s. takht-o-taraj, hamla, ytirish. 
Indebted, a. qaraz-dar, dam-dar ; ihsaii- 

mand. 

Indecent, a. be-adab, na-shaista, fahish. 
Indecision, s. be-istiqlali, uthabaithi. 
Indecisive,a.be-istiqlal,be-istihkam ; na- 
Indeclinable, a. be-tasrif. [tamam. 

Indecorous, a. be-adab, na-shaista, na- 

maqul. [sach. 

Indeed, ad. fil-haqfqat, fil-waqi, albatta, 
Indefatigable, a. na-manda, mihnati. 
Indefeasible,a.na-noumkin-ul-radd,qatai. 
Indefinite, a. na-muqarrar, gair-muaiyan. 
Indefensible, a. mumtana-ul-uzr, be-uzr. 
Indelible, a. gair-mahu, jigari. 
Indelicate, a. na-shaista,na pak, be-lihaz. 
Indemnity, s. iwaz-i-nuqsan, tawan, ba- 

chao. [nama. 

Indenture,.?, alid-nama, iqrar-nama, (jaul- 
Independence, s. istiqlal, naukhtari, be- 

niyazi, kliud-sari. 
Independent, a. mustaqil,khud-niukhtar, 

azad ; be-nisbat, gair-nmtaalicj. 
Indescribable, a. la-bayan, gair-qabil-i- 

bayan. [ul-fana, (|;'iiui. 

indestructible, a. la-zawal, na-munikin- 
! ndrx, .-. inniia, d;ilil, iiliririt, sar-i-diu'tar. 
India, .s. Hind, Hindustan. 
Indian-corn, s. bajra, bliutta, joar.[ra k. 
lndicate,'y.b;i.llaiia,l):il;iii;i,(lalalai :. 
Indication, s. tlalalat, dalil, ishant, i/.har. 
Indicative, a. inuslu'r, kli;;ii;i. - . 

Indict, v. tuliniiit tl. dinvj'ii k. nalish k. 
Indifl'ercnccj.s. bt.'-p.u'wai, bu-garazi ; bc- 

niuhabbat. [bnin. 

Indi'i' -parwtf * be-garaa j bain- 

Indiil'crently,aci.bc-[Ki. 



Indigence, s. muflisi, tarig-dasti, faqiri. 
Indigent, a. muflis, be-nawa, garib, faqir. 
Indigestible, a. mumtana-ul-hazm, saqil. 
Indigestion, s. bad-hazmi, nji-gawara. 
Indig-n,a.be-qadr,be-hunar,hiqar;it-a-\vjir. 
Indignant, a. gazabnak, khashinnak, gtis- 
Indignation, s. gazab, khaslira, qahr. [se. 
Indignity, s. khiffat, subuki, ibanat, f;i- 
Indigo, s. nil, wasma. [zihat. 

Indirect, a. na-rast, na-durust, na-saf, 

na-zahir. 

Indirectly, ad. pherphar-se, isharatan. 
Indiscernible, a. be-namud, na-hmvaida, 

gair-ashkar. [bir. 

Indiscreet, a. be-tamfz, be-lihaz, be-tad- 
Indiscretion, s. be-imtiyazi, be-lihazi, be- 

tadbiri. [thahrao, uniunn'. 

Indiscriminate, a. be-farq, be-fasl, be- 
Indiscriminately, ad. be-tafriqi-se, innii- 

man, sab-ko. [darkar. 

Indispensable, a. lazim, wajib, zarur, 
Indisposed, a. nu-saz, alii, bimar; na- 

khush, na-raz. 

Indisposition,s. na-sazi, biman, na-razi. 
Indisputable, a. yaqinj, sarih, sach, be- 

shakk. 
Indissoluble, a. mumtana-ul-iniikak, na- 

qabil-i-lutViii, sakht. 

IndistiiK-t, a. na-saf, nmzabzab, gol-gol. 
Indite, v. ibiirat, likhwana, 
Individual, s. sliakhs, iard, kus, admi. 
Individual, a. mufrid, alag. 
Individuality, s. fardiyiit. ahdiyat. ranliai. 
Indivisible, a. gair-tafrik-pazir, na-i 

kin-iu-tnij. lai. 

Indolence, .?. susti, kahili, niajliuii, dlu- 
hidolent, a. sust, kahil, majhiil, dliila. 
Indubitable, a. be-sluikk, be-shubha, la- 

kalam, bc-gunr.in. 

Induce, /. t argib d. lahris d. Tahnk k. 
nu'iit, s. targib, ttihris, n 

sabub. [bakhshna. 

Indulge, i'. mil'.rbani k. khatir-nawa/ k. 
lndulgence,s.inil,: 
Indulgent, n. niilirban, shafiq, khatir- 

khual:. 

Indurate, 7'. sakht k. katv k. san<_r-dil k. 
liidustriouo, <i. niilinati, jahid, kuuikaji. 



1 X F 



77 



INF 



Industry, s. milmai, sai', mashaqqat, ko- 

shish. 

Inebriate, r. mast k. madlm-sh k.7iiat\\;i- 

iia-iruftam, be-bayan. : hi U. 

Ineil'.vtivt', ^ a.be-a<ar,be-tasir,batil, 

:u;il, > na-kai'f,guir-mii. 
liu'ilicacious, 3 la-hasil, r.d-kr.rs:i/. 
Inelegant, a. be-lutf, na-/e!;a. na-maqul. 
Inequality. 6'. na-ham\vuri, imch-nich ; 

farq, nitawar. 

Inert, a. sust, kahil, majhul ; be-tasir. 
Inestimable, a. be-baha, besh-qnnat, gi- 

rau-maya. 
Inevitable, a. nramtana-i-ijtimib, muqar- 

rar, klnvah, iia-klnvah. 
Inexcusable, a. na-uzr-pazir, la-jawab, 

lui-murnkin-ul-aiii . 
Inexhaustible, a. gair-sarf, be-nihayat. 



Inexpedient, a.na-munasib, na-laiq, beja. 
Inexperience. 5. na-;iy.muda-i;ari, na-taj- 

riba-kari, kachapan. 
Inexperienced, a. na azmuda-kar, na- 

tajriba-kar, kacha, anari. 
Inexpert, a. na-dastkar, no -\vaqif, anari. 
Iziexplicable, a. na-qabil-i-bayaii, la-ba- 

yan, bila-tabir. 
Inexpressible, a. na-guftanf, be-bayan, 

mumtana-ul-izhar. [bujhne-jog. 

Inextinguishable, a. mumtana ul-itlYi.na- 
Inextricable, a. pech-dar-pech, na-luill- 

pazir, mumtana-i-riha. [ki. 

Infallibility, s. be-khatai, be-galatf,achu- 
Infallible, a. be-khata, sahih, achuk. 
Infamous, a. badnam, ruswa, inayub, 

fazih. [fazihati. 

Infamy, s. badnami, ruswai, be-abrui, 
Infancy, s. bach-pan, tufuliyat, tifli, lar- 
Infant, s. bachcha, tifl, larka. [kapan. 
Infanticide, s. bachcha-kuslii. 
Infantile, a. tifl-asa, tiflana, larka-sa. 
Infantry, s. paidal, piyade. 
Infatuate, v. di wana k . behosh k . farefta k. 
Infatuated, a. diwana, bewaquf, farefta. 
Infatuation, s. diwanagi, be-\vaqufi, fa- 
reftagi. [kharab k 

Infect, v. sirayat k. alaish k. aluda k 
Infectious, a. sari, chhutiha, pLailau. 



Infer, v. tazwi'z k. dalalat k. nnti'ja r. 

stunajhna. [tija-se. 

Inferable, a. muntij, qabil i-istidal, na- 

JnliM-ence, s. natija, qiyas, hasil, 1-ar- 

award. [tar, nic-ha. 

Inferior, a. chhota, adna, kainfar, i'aro- 

Inferiority, s. chhotai, kamtari, farotari, 

nicluii. 

Infernal, a. dozakhijahannamf, shaitani. 
Infest, v. satana, )za d. harakat d. 
Infidel, s. kafir, bo-din, mushrik. 
Iniidelity, s. ku.fr, be-dini, shirk ; khiya- 
nati ; haramkari. [be-payan. 

Infinite,a.be-nihayat, be-intiha, be-hadd, 
Infinitive, a. masdar, ism-i-raasdar. 
Infinity, s. be-intihai, be-nihayati, be- 

haddi, be-payani. 

Infirm, a. na-tawan, kamzor, zaif, sust. 
Infirmary, s. bimar-khana. 
Infirmity, s. na-tawanf, kamzorf, zuaf. 
Inflame, v. jalana, sulgaua, garm k. ga 

xnbiiak k. sozan k. 
Inflammable, a. jalan-har, sokhtanf. 
Inflammation,s.jalan,sozish,josh-i-khun. 
[nflammatory, s. sozinda, muhriq, garm. 
Inflate, v. phulana, nafkh k. phurikna. 
Inflect, i;.naw;'na, jhukaiia, tasiifu . gard k. 
Inflection, s. jjmkao ; tasrif, tasarruf. 
Inflexibility, s. sakhti, karakhtagi, karaf, 
mngrai. [magra. 

Inflexible, a. sakht, karakht, sarkash, 
Inflict, v. saza d. uqiibat k. tazib k. 
Infliction, s. uqubat-sazf, lagao, saza. 
Inflictive, a. saza-dih, uqubat-saz. 
Influence, v. asar k. tasir k. muharrik h. 
Influence, s. asar, tasir, zor, hukm, igwa. 
Influx, s. bahao, jirfyanij dukhul, dar- 
amad. [tana. 

Inform, u. khabar d. ittila k. agah k. ja- 
Informant, s. ittila dene-wala, khabar- 

dihiiida, mukhbir. 

Information, s. khabar, ittila, agahi. 
Informer, s. khabar-dahinda ; nammam, 

gammaz, goinda. 

Infraction, s. faskh, shikast, shikani. 
IniVinge, v. torna, fa.=kh k. shikasta k. 
Infringement, s. faskh, shikast, shikani, 
tajawuz. 



INJ 



INS 



Infuse, u. dalna, dil-men dalna ; bhigona. 
Ingenious,' a. zaki, zirak, tez-fahra, hu- 

narmand. [mat, hunar. 

Ingenuity, s. ziraka, zakawat, firasat, Ink- 
Ingenuous, a. rast, saf dil, sadiq, khalis. 
Inglorious, a. be-nam, be-izzat, haqfr, 
Ingot, s. sone ya chandi ka int. [khafif. 
Ingraft, v. paiwand lagana, janaana. 
Ingrate,s.namak-haram,nashukr-guzar. 
Ingratiate, v. dil-men dukhl k. aziz k. 

muhabbat r. [be-wafai. 

Ingratitude, s. namak-harami, na-shukri , 
Ingredient, s. juz, masalak. 
Ingress, } dukhul, mudakhalat, 

Ingression, > ' daramad, guzara. 
Ingulf, v. girdab-men dubana ya dalna. 
Inhabit, v. ralma, basna, sukunat k. is- 

tiqamat k. [mat. 

Inhabitable, a. rahne-laiq, qabil-i-istiqa- 
Inliabitant, s. rahne-w. bashinda, sakin. 
Inhale, v. dam 1. hawa-ke sath khinoh 1. 
Inherent, a. zati, khilqi,asli, jibilli, tabai. 
Inherit, u. miras lena, irs lena, waris h. 
Inheritance, s. irs, miras, \vira sat, warsa. 
Inheritor, s. waris, miras-khor ya gir. 
Inhospitable, a. na-mihmandar, be-mu- 

dara, be-faiz. [wat. 

Inhuman, a. be-dard, be-tars, be-muru- 
Jnhumanity, s. be-dardf, sang dili, be- 

rahmi. 

Inimical, a. mukhalif, dushmani, muzirr. 
Inimitable, a. be-misl, be-mizir, mum- 

tana-i-taqlid. [bad, bura. 

Iniquitous, a. be-dad, be-insaf, na-haqq, 
Iniquity, s. be-insafi, zulm, badi, burai, 

aib. [tidai. 

Initial, a. pahla, auwal, muqaddam, ib- 
Initiate, v. dakhil k. darlana, sikhlaua, 

agaz karana. j i-mansub. 

Initiatory, a. ibtida-ka, shuru-ka, dakhl- 
Tnject, v. dalna, bhitar pheiikua, picli- 

Kari marna. 

Injection, s. dar-tuma/i, idkhal ; luifjiia. 
"I ij judicious, a. bc-basirat, be-slmur, lc- 

taammul. 

Injunction, s. hukm, farm an, amr, iakiil. 
, v. nuqsau pahuJicliuuu, ziyau k. 
k. 



Injurious, a. muzir, ranj-saz, zalini ; tan- 

kuna. 

Injury, s. nuqsan,ziyan,zulm,iza 5 khalal. 
Injustice, s. be-insafj, na-haqq, zulm. 
Ink, s. siyahi, roshnai ; surkhi, shangarf. 
Inkstand, s. dawat, qalam-dau. 
Inlaid, a. jarao, mnrassa, munabbat. 
Inland, a. darya-se dur, bhitarwar. [k. 
Inlay, v. jarna, qalamkari k. munabbat 
Inlet, s. guzar, madkhal ; khari, khal. 
Inmate, s. ham-khana, ham-makan. 
Inn, s. sarae, man/il-gah, musafir-khana. 
Innate, a. zati, tabai, khilqi, jibilli, asli. 
Inner, a. bhitari, andariiui. 
Innermost, a, sab-se bhitari, daruni. 
Innkeeper, s. bhathiyara, sahib-i-sarae. 
Innocence, s. be-gunahi, be-jurmf, pakf, 

safai. [pak, saf. 

Innocent, a. be-gunah, be-jurm, masum, 
Innovation, s. ijad, ihdas, ikhtira ; bidat. 
Innumerable, a. be-shurnar, be-hisab. 
Inoculate,u.pamaud lagana ; tikad.fwai. 
Inoculation, s. paiwand; tika, goti-khod- 
Inoffensive, a. masum, gair-muzirr, sada. 
Inordinate, a. na-mutadil, be-andaza. 

be-hadd. 

Inquest, s. pursish, baz-khwast, talash. 
Inquietude, s. be-chaini, be-kali. 
Inquire, v. puchhmi, pursish k. istifsar k. 
Inquirer, s. khoji, mutalashi, talibjoya. 
Inquiry, *. pursish, istifsar, talash, tah- 

qiqat. [muliaqqiq. 

Inquisitive,a. khojhi, talashi, khabur-gir. 
Inroad, s. takht, taraj, yiirish, hainla. 
Insane, a. diwana, majnun, saudai. 
Insanity, s. diwana-ji, junun, sauda.[rfs. 
I M.-iitiablo 3 a.na-S('r-ln)iiek;'M;uuakar,ha- 
Inscribe,'-.lik}iiia,sanuiiua likhna. [qiim. 
Inscription,^. kit;ibii, r:u|:ini,iiKli!it,mar. 
Inscrutable/'. inuiiitaija-i-tuf'tish,makh- 

fi, jiskc talash na-lio-sako. 
Insect, s. ki'ra, kinn. 
Insensibility, s. be-hoshi, be-hissi, be- 
ul'i', 6e-ninliabl)at. [ba-tadrij. 



Insensibly, <A<I. ahi.sto-ahistc, iadrfjan. 
Inseparable, c. mt-muiukiu-i-judai; la- 



INS 



79 



INT 



Insert, v. dakhil k. likh-rakhna. 
hisrniun, y. idkhal, dakliila, indiraj. 
lnsid>, s. bhitar, darun, andarun, undnr, 

bat in. [glu'iti. 

Insidious, a. fitrati, riya-kar, gaddar, 
Insight, s. basirat, waquf, marifat, shi- 
Insignia, s. tagma, nishan. [nakht. 
Insignificant, a. bc-m(mi, be-huda, na- 

chiz, be-qadr. [kar. 

Insincere, a. na-sadiq, zahir-dar, riya- 
Insincerity, s. na-sadiqi, zakir-dan, riya- 

kari. 
Insinuate, u. dar-ana, gkusna ; ishara k. 

ramz k. [kash. 

Insinuating,a. dambaz, charb-zaban, dil- 
Insipid, a be-maza, be-lazzat, be-lutf. 
Insist, v. bat k. israr k. bajidd h. 
Insnare, v. phasana, bajliana, palirana. 
Insolence, s. magraf, gnstakhf, shoklif ; 

takabbur. [takabbir. 

Insolent, a. magra, gustakh, shokh, mu- 
Insolvency, s. dewala, shikastagi. [hal. 
Insolvent, a. dewaliya, nadar, shikasta- 
Insomucb, ad. yahan-tak, chunanchi. 
Inspect, v. dekhna, mulahaza k. tahqiq k. 
Inspection, s. nazar, nigah, lihaz, tahqiq. 
Inspector, s. nazir, nigahban, karora, 

daroga 

Inspiration, 5. dam-kaslii ; ilqa, ilham. 
Inspire, v. dam lena ; ilham k. mulhim k. 
Inspired, a. mulham. [qamri, fana. 
Instability, s. na-paedan, be-sabati, be- 
Install, u. nasb k. mansub k. ; khilat d. 
Installation^, masnad-nishini, nasb,khi- 

lat-dihi. [lat-dihi. 

Instalment, s. qist ; masnad-nishini, khi- 
Instance,s. masal, namuria, majara ; dar- 
Instant,s. dam,lahza,lamha,pal. [khwast. 
Instant, a. dar-hal, turt-ka. [fauri. 

Instantaneous, a. usi damka, fil-half, fil- 
Instantly,a<Z. abhi,isidam, lil-faur, fil-hal. 
Instead, ad. iwaz, badal, bajae, mukafat. 
Instigate, v. tahris k. tahrik k. igwa k. 
Instigation,s . tahrik, targib, tahris, igwa. 
Instigator, s. muharrik, mugwf, mul'sfd. 
Instil, v. taqaturk. ; dalna, zihn-nashin k. 
Instinct, s. aql-i-haiwain, znti-aql, mizaj. 
Institute ; v,niuqarrark.thahj-aDa,barpak. 
G 2 



Institute, s. 5in, qaida, qanun, 4dat. 
Institution, s. taaiyun, muqarrar, nasb j 

tai'biyat, talim. [tsilim k. 

Instruct, u. sikhlana, sikhana, tarbiyat k. 
Instruction, s. sikhai, tarbiyat, talim, 

amozish. [irshad. 

Instructions, s. farman, ahkam, umur, 
Instructive, a. t^lim-saz, ilm-numa, nali, 

mufid. 

Instructor, s. muallim, muaddib, ustad. 
Instrument, s. alat, hathyar, auzar, saz ; 

sanad, qabala. [madad-gar. 

Instrumental, a. tazinda, faili, kunan, 
Insufferable, a. na-bardashti, na-taham- 

mul, sakht. [Hyat, na-laiqi. 

Insufficiency,s. be-kifayat, kami, na-qab- 
Insufficient, a. gair-kaff, kam, na-qabil, 

na-laiq. [hua. 

Insular, a. jazira mansub, pani-se ghera 
Insulated, a. juda, be-lagao, mafruq. 
Insult,s. ihanat,malamat, dushnam,tanz. 
Insult, v. ihanatk.malamatk.dushnamd. 
Insuperable, a. gair-maglub, mushkil. 
Insupportable, a. na-bardashtani, sakht, 
Insurance, s. bima ; ammi. [shadid. 
Insure, u. bima k. muqarrar k. thahrana. 
Insurgent, s. faturiya, fasadi, bagi, asi. 
Insurrection, s. balwa, hangiima fasad, 

bagawat. 

Integral, a. pura, tamam, kamil, sahih. 
Integrity,s. diyanat, rastbazi, sidq, salah. 
Integument, s. chhal, chanara, post, 

chhilka. 
Intellect, s. aql, hosh, fahm, firasat, khi- 

rad, idrak. [nishwar. 

Intellectual, a. aqli, fahmi, hoshyar, da- 
Intelligence, s. aql, fahm, hoshyari ; kha- 

bar, ittila. [waqif-kar. 

Intelligent, a. aqil, fahim, dana, hoshyar, 
Intelligible, a. qabil-i-fahm, huwaida. 
Intemperance, s. bad-parhezi, masti, be- 

jtidali. [sharabi. 

Intemperate, a. bad-parhez, be-itidal, 
Intend, v. irada k. matlab k. maqsad r. 

thaharna. 

Intense, a. sakht, shadid, nihayat. 
Intensity, s. sakht], shiddat, ziyadati. 
Intent, a, mashgul, masruf, sai, dliunf. 



INT 



80 



Intention, s. irada, murad, azm, qascl, 

maqsad, garaz. 

Intentionally, ad. dida-o-danista, jan- 
Inter, u. dafn k. garna. [bujhkar. 

Intercalary, a. kabisa, laund. [nagi k. 
Intercede, v. shafaat k. wasalat k. miya- 
Intercept, v. atkana, rokna, pakarna, 
muzahamat k. [gi. 

Intercession^, shafaat, wasalat, miyana- 
Intercessor, s. shafi, shafi, miyandar, 
miyanji. [dil. 

Interchange, s. mubadala, mnawaza,tab- 
Intercourse, s. amadoraft, ilaqa, suhbat, 

sarokar. 

Interdict, v. mana k. nahi k. mahrum r. 
Interest, s. garaz ; faida, nafa ; sud ; his- 
sa-dari. [asar k. 

Interest, v. garaz r. ilaqa r. dil-lagana, 
Interesting, a. dil-chasp ; dil-azar ; nm- 
assir. [k. mukhill h. 

Interfere, v. hath lagana ya clalna, dakhl 
Interference, s. dastandazi, dakhl ; mu- 
Interjection, s. harf-i-nida. [khalifat. 
Interim, s.darmiy an, asna],waqt,arsa,ma- 
Tntcrior, a. bhitari, daruni, batini. [bain. 
Interline, v. satron-ke bichmen likJma. 
Interloper, s. beja mudkhil, dastandaz. 
Intermarriage, s. golat byah.[tanda/.i k. 
Intermeddle, v. hath dalna, dakhl k. das- 
Intermediate, a. darmiyan, mutawassit, 
Intermit, s. dafan, tadfi'n. [bich-bich. 
Intenninable, a. be-hadd, be-intiha. 
Intermission, s. fan'igat, tawaqquf, naga, 
Intermit, v. tatil k. antar se-ana. [tatil. 
Intermittent, a. nanbati, tap-i-gibb. 
Internal, a. bhitari, daruni, batini. 
Interpolation, s. ilhaq, iiqra dakhil, iba- 
rat tagallubi. [yandar 1). 

Interpose, v. darmiyan ana, shafi h. mi- 
Interpret, u. tarjumak. tabir k. samjliu- 
na, batlana. [bir-go. 

Intcrpretor, s. mutarajiim, tarjuman, ta- 
Interregnum, s. badshah-gardi. 
Interrogate, v. puchhna, pursish k. istif- 

sar k. istifham k. 
Interrogation, s. istifsar, istifham, pnr- 

sisli, sawal. 
Intonogative, a. istifhami; liarf-i-wtil- 



Interrupt, v. rokua, atkana, harakat k. ; 

bat katna. [zahamat, rok. 

Interruption, s. harakat, harj, atkao,mu- 
Intersect,u. miyankatnn, qata-i-miyan k. 
Intersperse, v. chhitkana, idhar udhar 
Interstice,s. fasila, phank, darar. [dalna. 
Interval, s. darmiyan, bich, asna, arsa, 

mabain, mufasila. [mutawassit h. 
Intervene, v. darmiyan parna, bich ana, 
Intervention, s. tawassut, miyanagi. 
Interview, s. mulaqat, muwasalat, didar. 
Intestate, a. be-wasfyat. 
Intestine, a. bhitari, darunj, desi. 
Intestines, s. anten, antriyan, roda, mia. 
Inthral, y. gulam k. banda k. 
Intimacy, s. hamdami, hamdili, ikhtilat. 
Intimate, y. ishara k.agahk. jatana.kahiia. 
Intimate, a. hamdam, haindil, hanu-az, 

musahib. 

Intimately, ad. ikhtilat-se, bahamraji. 
Intimation, s. ishara, kinaya; khabar, 

agahi. [torna. 

Intimidate, v. darana, dahshatd. himmat 
Into, pr. men, bhitar, darmiyan-men. 
Intolerable,a.gair-mutahammal,ansaha. 
Intolerant, a. mukhalif, muddai. [la k. 
Intoxicate, v. mast k.madhosh k. matwa- 
Intoxicated, a. matwala, madhosh, mast. 
Intoxicating, a. nashila, nashadar, amali. 
Intoxication, s. masti, madhoshi, uasha, 

makhmuri. 

Intractable, a. magra, sar-kash. 
Intransitive, a. fial-i-lazimi. [khodna. 
Intrench, v. morchal banana, khaiulaq 
IntrenchmentjS. morchal, khandaq, khai. 
Intrepid, a. diler, dilawar, mardana, 

jaubaz. 

lut n'i>idity,s. dilen,bahadurj,mardano-f. 
Intricacy, s. uljhao, pech, pech-dan, 

khallal. [mushkil. 

Intricate, a. pechfla, pechdar, uljha, 
jS. sazish,karsaxi ; bandish,ittifaq. 
, u. sazish k. karsazi k. gathao 



Intrinsic, a. zatf, nsli, liaqiqf, batini. 
Introduce, v. ehahina, dakhil k. milaua, 

mnla 
lutroductioiijj}. idkhal j dibacha, taruhid. 



INV 



81 



IRR 



Intrude, v. hath d. ghusna, na khwasta 

dnkhl k. [bar. 

Intruder, s. dastandaz, mukhill, ghusaii- 
Intrusion, s. dakhl-i-beja, dastandazf. 
Intrust, v. sompna, supurd k. zimma k. 

amanat rakhna. [kawat. 

Intuition, s. marfat banazar-i-auwal, za- 
Intwine, v. bal d. batna, jorna. 
Inuendo, s. ishara, kinaya. 
Inundation,s. sailab, tufan, tngyani. [na. 
Inure, v. khogar k. adat d. istimalrakh- 
Invade, v. hamla k. gui-ish k. charhai k. 
In- vain, ad. be-faida, be-manf, be-huda. 
Invalid, s. zaif, mazur, natawaii, be-qu- 
Invalid, a. batil, mansukh. [wat. 

Invalidate, v. mansukh k. batil k. radd k. 
Invaluable,a. be-baha, besh-qimat : aziz. 
Invariable, a. na-niutagaiyir, be-tabdil, 

gair-mutalawin. 
Invariably, ad. be-tagiri-se, eklial-se, 

haniesha. [haf. 

Invasion, s. hamla, hajiim, takht, char- 
Invective, s. gall, dushnam, tanazani, 

zabandarazi, shikayat. [nam d. 

Inveigh, v. ilzam d. tan tashina k. dush- 
Inveigle, v. igwa k. fareb d. lobhana. 
Invent, v. nikalna, ijad k. ikhtira k. 

banana. 

Invented, a. bana, ijadya paida kia gay a. 
Invention, s. banawat, ijad, ikhtira, 

ihdas, sakht. 

Inventive, a. mukhtari, paida-saz, zahin. 
Inventor, 5. mujid, mukhtari, wazi, mu- 

haddis. 

Inventory, s. siyaha, fard, fihrjst, taliqa. 
Inverse, a. ulta, aundha, wazhgun, maq- 

lub, khilaf. ' [qalb k. 

Invert, v. ultana, aundhana, wazh k. 
Invest, v. dena, bakhshna, pahrana ; 

muhasara k. 
Investigate, v. chhanna, taftish k. talash 

k. tahqiq k. tajwiz k. [just-o-ju. 

Investigation, s. taftish, tajwiz, tahqiq, 
Investiture, s. taqlid, tamlik ; kliilat- 

dihi. [did, sakht. 

Inveterate, a. purana, dini, kuhna ; sha- 
Invidious, a. hasad-angez ; kma-angez, 

adawati. 



Invigorate, v. quwat d. zorawar k. maz- 

butk. 

Invigorating,ci. qnwat-bakhsh,maqauvsT, 
Invincible, a. gair-inn^Iu!), njit. [pusht. 
Invincibility, s. na-maglubi. 
Inviolable, a. na-inumkin-ul-faskh, be- 

futur, lazawal. 
Inviolate, a. na-mansiikh, nashikasta, 

be-nuqsan, pak; poshida, chhipa. 
Invisible, a. gaib, na-uidani, andekha. 
Invitation, s. dawat, istida, talab, bula- 

hat. [igwa k. 

Invite, v. dawat k. istida k. bulana ; 
Invocate, v. bulana, nam lena, dua k. 
Invocation, s. dua, dawat, mnnajat, 

istida. [i-ajnas. 

Invoice, s. bijak, chalani, siyaha, flhrist- 
Invoke, v. bulana, nam 1. dua k. 
Involuntary, a. be-ikhtiyar, be-irada, 

be-qasd, lachar. 
Involve, v. nljhana, phansana, dalna, 

pareshan k. ; natija ishtimal k. natija 

rakhna. 
Invulnerable, a. na-zakhm-pazir, mum- 

tana-ul-jarah. 

Inward, a. bhitari, daruni, batirii. 
Inwrought, a. khud-karidar, jarau, mur- 

assa. [y.iid-ranj. 

Irascible, a. chirchira, atashmizaj, tund, 
Ire, s. gazb, khashm, gussa. 
Irksome, a. sakht, dushwar, ranjawar, 

mukallif. 

Iron, s. loha, ah an. 
Iron, v. istri k. ; zanjir-se bandhna. 
Ironmonger, s. ahan-farosh,loha-beclme- 
Irons, s. beri, hath-kari. [wala. 

Irony, s. tanz, hajo-malih, isthiza. [k. 
Irradiate, u. ujla k. roshan k. munauwar 
Irradiation, s. parto-andazi, tanwir, 

shula-zani. [behuda. 

Irrational, a. gair-natiq, be-aql, yawa, 
Irreconcilable, a. sulh-na-pazir, mum- 

tana-ul-ittifaq ; gair-muwafiq. 
Irrefragable, a. gair-mardud, phaff, 

tahqiq. [be-ain. 

Irregular, a. be-tartib, khilaf-i-qaida, 
Irregularity, s. be-tartibi, khilaf- dastiiri, 

be-aini, na-hamvvuri. 



JAI 



82 



JOL 



Irrelevant, a. be-ilaqa, be-nisbat, beja. 
Irreligion, s. be-dini, ilhad, be-imani. 
Irreligious, a. be-din, mulhid, kafir. 
Irremediable, a. be-ilaj, la-dawa, be- 

chara. [ilaj. 

Irreparable, a. gair marammat-pazir, la- 
Irreproacliable, i a. be-jurm-o-gunah, 
Irreprovable, J be-taqsir, be-ilzam, 

be-malamat. [zorawar, mazbut. 

Irresistible, a. mumtana-i-muqa-wamat, 
Irresolute, a. be-qarar, be-himmat. 
Irretrievable, a. mumtana-ul-husul, gaya 

guzra, la-ilaj. [be-ihtiram. 

Irreverence, s. tark-i-adab, be-takrimi, 
Irreverent, a. be-adab, be-imtiyaz. 
Irrevocable, a. la-radd, gair-mutagaiyar, 

na-mumkin-ul-mansukh. 
Irrigate, v. paniyana, sinchna, bhigona. 
Irritable, a. khisiyana, chirchira, zucl- 

ranj. [kbafa k. 

Irritate, v. khijana, chherna, satana, 
Irritation, s. chher, azar, khafagi, gussa. 
Irruption, s. hamla, hajum,cbarhai, takht. 
Island, s. jazira, tapu. 
Isolated, a. juda, alag, alahida. 
Issue, s. khuruj, nikas ; anjam, akhirat, 

natija, aulad, nasl ; gill, phota. 
Issue, v. nikalna, jari h. ya k. khuruj k. 

paida h. 

Isthmus, s. gardan-i-zamfn. 
It, p. wall, yih. 
It's, p. uska, iska, &c. 
Itch, s. khujli, khaj, kharish. 
"Jicin, .s. aizan, dafa, babat. [rana. 

Iterate, u. mukarrar k.takarrur k. duh- 
Iteration, s. takarrur, dnhrao. 
Itinerant, s. khana-ba-dosh, safr-sa/, sai- 
".I tiiii -rate, u. ranitii-pliiniji, sair k. [lani. 
Itself, j>. wali-ap, siphi, khud. 
Ivory, s. hatlii-dsint, dandtin-i-fil. 
Ivy, s. late-ki qisin. 

J. 

Jackal, s. gidar, siyal, shigal. 
Jacket, N. kurta, kurti, auga. 
.Jack-tVuii, .s\ k.ithal. [aurat. 

J;ulc, .. (^liarkha gliora, b.'idsawarj paji 
Jail, s. qiud-khami, zindiin. 



Jailer, s. qaid-khana-ka daroga. 
Jam, s. murabba, mithai. 
Jangle, v. jhagarna ; awaz be-ahang k, 
Japan, s. qism-i-raugan, raugan-dar. 
Jar, s. jala, gol,martaban j kharkharahat, 

jhagra. 

Jargon, s. ghalbalahat, gharbar. [beli. 
Jasmine, s. gul-i-yasmm, saman, cham- 
Jasper, s. zabar-jad, sang-i-yashm. 
Jaundice, s. kanwal, yarqan. 
Jaunt, y. phirna, sair k. 
Javelin, s. barchhi, neza, sang. 
Jaw, s. jabhra, kalla. [[mand. 

Jealous, a. bad-zann, bad-guman, gairat- 
Jealousy, s. gairat, rashk, bad-gumam, 

shakk. 

Jeer, s. tana-zani k. boll k. sukhra k. 
Jehovah, s. Yahu, Allah. 
Jejune, a. rukha, sitha, ochla, khushk. 
Jelly, s. murabba, mithai. 
Jeopardy, s. khatra, jokhim, janbazi. 
Jerk, s. hachka, hachkola, jhatak. 
Jest,s. thattha, khilli, isthiza, bazla, hazl. 
Jester, s. tliatthe-baz, thatthol. 
Jet, s. fawara, phuhai'a; sang-i-rnusa, 

siyah-tab. 

Jew, s. yahudi, jahudi. 
Jewel, s. jauhar, gauhar, ratan, gahna. 
Jeweller, s. jauhari, zewai'-fai-osh. 
Jewish, a. yahudion-ka. 
Jew's harp, s. morchang. 
Jingle, s. jhanak, jhanjhan, jhankar. 
Jingle, u. jhankarna, jhanjhanami. 
Job, s. kam, kar, thikii kam, tahal. 
Jockey, s. chabuk-sawar. [tuba, zarif. 
Jocose, a. thatthol, thatthe-baz, klu'isli- 
Jocularity, s. tiiattha-ba/i, khush-tal>;ii', 

x.arafat. [numa. 

Jocund, a. khush, khush-taba, khush- 
Jog, u. hachkola d. dhakka d. hihina. 
Join, v. jorna, niilana, lagaua, sautna, 

paiwand k. ; juft k. [miiusul. 

-Idiuril, . jnvsi ,u r :iya, mila hua, pai\ 
Joint, s. jor, gantli, girili, jiaiwaud, l)and. 
Joint, a. mila-jula, nnishtarak, mauaul. 
.loinimv, S.jaLtt^ dalu'7., mahar. 
.lokc, V. tliatrlui, khilli, bu/la, lui/1, latifa. 
Jollity, i. aiiih-o-aihi'ut, shadinani. 



JUV 



83 



KIS 



Jolly, a. khush-o-khurram, dilshad, tar- 
Jolt, s. hachkola, dhukka. [o-taza. 
Jolt, v. dhakka lagna, hichkana. 
Jot, s. nukta, zarra, til. 
Jovial, c. klu'isli, shadman, mnsrur. 
Journal, s. roz-iiama ya-namcha, khasra. 
Journey, s. sat'ar, musafarat. 
Joy, s.'khushi, shadi, klmi-rami, farliat. 
Joyful, c. khush-dil, shadman, khurram. 
Joyfully, ad. khtishi-se. 
Joyless, a. be-khush, dil-gir, udas. 
Jubilee, s. jashn-i-am, nauroz, id. 
Judge, s. qazi, munsif, hakim, amin. 
Judge, v. insaf k. adalat k. qaza k. faisal 

k. daryafc k. qiyas k. 
Judgment, s. insaf, infisal, fatwa, hukm, 

qaza ; aql, zihn, qiyas, imtiyaz. 
Judgment-seat, s. kursi, mahakraa. 
Judicature, s. qaza, hukuraat. 
Judicial, a. sharai, qaziana. 
Judicious, a. aql-mand ; hoshyar, clana. 
Jug, s. kulhra, kuza. [baz. 

Juggler, s. bazigar, huqqa-baz, shabada- 
Juice, s. ras, araq, pani, dudh. [tar. 
Juicy, a. rasila, araq-dar, rasdar, serab- 
Jumble, r. gul-mel k. gad-bad k. milana. 
Jump, s. kud, jast. 
Jump, v. kudna, jast k. uchakna. 
Junction, s. paiwastagi, wasl, ittisal, mi- 

lao, mel. [halat. 

Juncture, s. paiwand, ittisal ; waqt, dam, 
Junior, a. chhota, sagir, kihtar. 
Jupiter, s. mushtari, Brihaspati. [darf. 
Jurisdiction, s. hukumat,qalamrau,amal- 
Jurisprudence, s. ilm-i-fiqa, ilm-i-shara. 
Jury, s. panchayat adalati. [haqq. 

Just, a. adil, sadiq, rast, durust, rawa, 
Just, ad. thik, durust, sihhat-se ; nira, 

sirf, faqat. 

Justice, s. adl, dad, insaf; qazi. [numa. 
Justifiable, a. haqfqi, wajibi, rast, insaf- 
Justification, s. be-gunah-sazi,be-jurmi, 
uzr, itizar, tasfiya. [uzr laua. 

Justify, v. be-gunah, thahrana, khalas k. 
Justly, ad. adl-ana, munsifana, rasti-se. 
Justness, s. rasti, durusti, haqqiyat, adl. 
Juvenile, a. jawan, nau-khez, khurd-sal. 
Juvenility, s. jawani, shabab, tufuliyat. 



Kalendar, s. taqwim, patra. 

Keel, s. nao-ka danda, jahaz-ka tala. 

Keen,a. abdar, chokha, tex, tui 

garm, shaiq, mustaid. [dat, tuiidi. 
Keenness, s. abdari, tezf, tezmizajf, sliid- 
Keep, v. rakhna, dharna, nigahbani k. 
hifazat k. parwarish k. naanna, mana 
k. baz r. ; taza ralin;i. hafiz. 

Keeper, s. rakhwala, nigahban, muhafiz, 
Keeping, s. nigahbani, hifazat, hawala. 
Keepsake, s. yad-garf, yad-d;id. 
Kennel,s. tazi-khana,dori-khana ; kutton 

ka jatha ; badarrau, muhri. 
Kernel, s. giida, magz ; bijdana. 
Kettle, s. deg, degcha, tatahra, abtaba. 
Kettledrum, s. naqara. 
Key, s. kunji, chabi, tali, kilid killi. 
Key-hole, s. kunjj-ka surakh. 
Kick, s. lat, lakad, thokar. 
Kick, v. lat marna, latiyana. 
Kid, s. halwan, bakri-ka bachcha. 
Kid, v. biyahna, janna. 
Kidnap, v. larka ya admi chura lejana. 
Kidney-bean, s. lobiya, loba. 
Kidneys, s. gurda. 
Kill, v. mar-dalna, qatl k. halak k. 
Kiln, s. pazawa, bhatthi, bhar, awa. 
Kin, s. rishta, nata ; rishtadaron, khwe- 

shan. 

Kind, a. milirban, shafiq. karim. 
Kind, s. jins, naua, qism, zat, asl, nasl, 

taur, tarah. [k. chherna. 

Kindle, v. sulgana, jalana, jalna ; khafa 
Kindly, ad. mihrbani-se, muhibbana. 
Kindness, s. mihrbani, nekokari, lutf, 

mulaimat, suluk, ihsan, nawassish. 
Kindred, s. khweshan, aqraba, bhai-Vjand. 
Kindred, a. hamnasl, hamjins, hamzat, 

qarib. [raja. 

King, s. shah, badshah, malik, sultan, 
Kingdom, s. badshahat, mamlukat, sal- 

tanat, daulat, raj. 

Kingfisher, s. kaoriyala, machhranga. 
Kinsman, s. rishtadar, khwesh, qarubati. 
Kiss, s. chuma, bosa. 
Kiss, v. chumna, bosa lena. 



LAB 



84 



LAN 



Kitchen, 5. bawarchi-khana, matbakh. 
Kite, s. chil, khad ; patang. 
Kitten, s. billi-ka bachcha. [liikmat. 
Knack, s. dhab, jugat, saliqa, dastkari, 
Knapsack, s. jhola, jnoli, buqcha. 
Knave, s. daga-baz, hila-saz, makkar, 

badzat. [bazi. 

ry, s. dagabazi, hilasazi, farebjul- 

Knn-vish, a. dagabaz, sharir, gaddar, 

aiyar. 
Knead, v. gnndna, sanna, mandna, ma- 

salna, malna. 
Knee, s. ghutna, zanu. 
Knee-deep, a. ghutne-tak, ghutne-bhar. 
Kneel, v. ghutna tekna, dozanu, baithna. 
Knee-pan, s. khuriya, chapni.sar-i-zanu. 
Knife, s. chhuri, kard, chakkii, bakiya. 
Knight, s. bahadur, mirza, amir. 
Knit, v. binna, bnnna. 
Knob, s. ganth, gilti ; gulmekh. [thes. 
Knock, s. zarb, mar, mnkka, thdkivr, 
Knock, v. mania, lagna, khat-khatana, 

thonkna, patakna. 
Knot, s. girih, gantb, aqd, band, gnljhari, 

pech. [mushkil. 

Knotty, a. ghathila; pechdar, niujrlacj, 
Know, v. janna, pahchainitl, wa(]it' h. 

malum k. 

Knowing/'. priklca,w;iqif,lioshyar,sliin}is. 
Kno\vingly,<'.^. jau-bujhkar, aql-stv, dida- 

o-danista. [waqfiyat. 

Knowledge, s. ilm, danish, sli 
Known, a. jaria hiia, malum, mush h fir. 
Knuckle, s. ungli-ka girih, band-i- 

augusht. 



L. 



Label, s. sar-nama, kapraz, raqam. 
Labial, <>. mlliari, .-h;it;ili. 
Laboratory, 8. kai'-khaiiii. 
Laborious, <i. niilnii.t], saf, dliuin ; dush- 

wai\ saklii., imishkil. 
Labour, x. niilinat, masli:i(|(|:ii. ;n. ninx- 

duri; kam, kai', anil; dur<!-i-/iii : ranj- 



Lal)-)iir, u. ji.-iliTia* k. saik. dnkli 
Labouivr, ^. ma/dur, quli, 



Labyrinth, s. pech, pech-o-tab, pech- 

dar, rah. 

Lac, s. lak; lak, lakh, lakha. [kalabatiin. 
Lace, s. gota, jali, tira/, muqcjaish, 
Lacerate, s. pharna, chirna, chak k. 
Laceration, s. chir, phar, chak, kharash. 
Lack, r. muhtaj h. darkar h. ghatna, 

kam h. 

Lack, s. kami, kamti, ihtiyaj ; lak. 
Laconic, a. mukhtasar, kotah, mujmaL 
Lad, s. larka, chhokra, latjnda. 
Ladder, s. sirhi, zina, nard-ban. 
Lade, v. ladna, bojh lagana, bharna. 
Laden, a. lada hua, bojhai, bhara hua. 
Lading, s. bojh, bojhai, lad, ladao, bar. 
Ladle, s. doi, chamcha, kafgir. 
Lady, s. bibi, banii, khatun. 
Lag, v. dhila chalna, der k. dcri lagna. 
Laity, s. dunyadar log, sansari log. 
Lake, s. jhil, daryacha ; qirmiz. 
Lamb, s. bher-kJi bachcha, lela. 
Lambent, a. lahkila. 
Lame, a. langra, lang; lula, Innj ; naqis. 
Lameness, s. langraf, langi ; qusur. 
Lament, v. afsos k. nala-o-zari k. rona, 

hae hae k. [uala saz. 

Lamentable, a. matam-aritrcz, gam-khez, 
Lamentation, s. nala, zari 3 giriya, afsos, 

figan, wawaila, naulia. 
Lamp, s. chirag, fatila-soz, diya, dipak. 
Lamp-black, s. kajal, duda. 
Lampoon,s. ]iajo,m:izammat,bhandauwa. 
Lance, s. neza, barchhf, ballam. 
Lance, r. chluulna, chirna, pharna. 
Lancet, s. nashrar. kliuslikf. 

Land, .s'. x.amin. bhum, sar-zanu'n, mulk ; 
Land, v. khushkj'-]ar ntarna y;i utarna. 
Landliolder, ,s-. zamindar, ja'girdrir. 
Landlord, >. nunindar; s;diil)-i-khana, 

mezbanj B4kfb*i-iarae, liliatiy;u-a. 
Landmark) s. Biflhan-i-sarhaddj damla. 
-; .)..-, , madd-i-na/.ar, nnilk-ki 
8. gali, luika, kuclia. -uir. 

La nguau'i ..-. /al):in. lisan, sukhaii, gut'lar. 
Lan-j-iiid, ii. sust, 7ii;inda, majhul, kahil. 
Lan-j-iiish, r. murjhana, kumhliiia, snst 

li. xi.iTh. 
Languor, s. susti, maudagi, kahili, zaffi. 



LAU 



85 



LEA 



Lantern, s. fanus. 
Lap, s. god, godi : daman. fpinn 

Lap. ii. lapetna: cliatna, chapar-chapar 
Lapidary, >-. hakkak, hajjftr, jan'nan. 
Lapse, s. chuk, khata; gu/ar, in. 
Large, CT. bara, mota, kakin, iUrakh, 

a/fni. [salana. 

Largely, ft?, bahut-sa, ba-ii'rat, nnti'as- 
Lanjeness, s. barai, mofeai, kalani, wusat, 

fanikhi. 

Largess, s. bakhshish, inarn, ata. 
.Larynx, .-. nae-gulu. 
Lascar, s. khalasi hindi, ahl-i-jahaz. 
Lascivious, a. mast, shaliwati, hawasi, 

kiimi. i liawsis. 

Lascivionsness, s. masti, shalnvat, nat's, 
Lash, s. kora, chabuk ; zarb-i-chabuk. 
Lash, v. kora mania, taziyana d. ; tan k. 

hnjo k. ; bandhiia. 
Lass, s. larki, chhokri, doshiza. 
Lassitude, 8. inandag-i, susti, kahili, zuaf. 
Last, a. pichhla, akhir ; guzashta ; pasin. 
Last, s. qalib-i-kafsh, juti-ki lakri. 
Last, u. thaharna, tikna, clialna, paedar 

rahna, kifayat k. [tikau. 

Lasting, a. paedar, qaini, daim, chabiii, 
Lastly, ad. pichhe, bila-akhir, akhir-ul- 
Latch, s. phirki, billi. [amr. 

Latchct, s, sallu, tasma, kafshband. 
Late, a. der, dirang, be-waqt, pachketa; 

agla; aj-kal ; marhuni. 
Lateness, s. deii, dirangi, aber. 
Latent, a. chhipa, poshida, makhff. 
Lately,a(Z.thoredinon-ka,aTKlakpeshazin. 
Later, a. aurbhi der-se ; aurblii naya. 
Lather, s. sabun-ka phen. 
Latin, s. Latin zaban. 
Latitude, s. chaurai, pahnai, kushadagf ; 

darja-i-arz. 
Latitudinarian,s. be-shara, bad-raazhab, 

mulhid. 

Latter, a. pichhla, pc-siii, miuaakhirm. 
Lattice,.--. jhaujhri,jali,shabaka ; chihvan. 
Laudable, a. laiq-i-tarif, laiq-i-tahsin, 
Laudanum, s. afim-ka aracj. isirudani. 
Laugh, v. hansna.khilkhilana, khaiidak. 
Laugh, s. hansa, hansi, khaniia. 
Laughable, a. khanda-pazir, hansne-jog. 



Laug-hing-stock, s. sukhra, mazhnka, 

an<_Misla-nnnui. 

Lauu'hter, s. hansai, khanda, tazhfk. 
Launcli,'? 1 . bhasana, gaddf-par-se utarna. 
Lave, u. dhona, gusl k. bliigona. 
Lavisli, r. urana, israf k. barbsid k. 
Lavish, a. lux/il-kharch, musrif, nrau. 
Law, s. shara, am, qaida, qanun, rasrn. 
Lawful, a. shara\, jaiz, halal, mubah, 

rawa, durust. 

Lawless, a. be-shara,be-qaida, bc-lagam. 
Lawsuit, s. muqaddama, dawa, iialish, 

faryad. 

Lawyer, s. adalat-ka wakil, ahl-i-fiqa. 
Lax, a. dhila, khula, sust, kushada : irair- 
Laxative, a. mushil, jullabi. [muqarrar. 
Lay, v. rakhna, dharna ; dena, parna ; 

girana ; biclihana ; sakin k. taskin d. ; 

bandhna ; o^side, rakh-dena, chhor- 

na ; by, bacha-rakhna, le-rakhna; 

down, chhorna, tark k. ; hold of, 

pakarna, giriftar k- ; out, kharch k. 

sarf k. ; up, jama k. bacha-rakhna. 
Lay, s. sai'od, gazal ; sabzar. 
Layer, s. parat, tab., tabaq. 
Layman, s. dunyadar shakhs. 
Laziness, s. susti, kahili, majhuli, kasal. 
Lazy, a. sust, kahil, majhul, gafil. 
Lea, s. charan, sabzar, maidan. 
Lead, s. sisa, surb. [mauana, mail k. 
Lead, v. le-chalna, chain na, hidayat k. ; 
l-ca'lcr.x. pesh\va,sardar, sargai'oh,salar. 
Leaf, s. patta, barg, waraq, fard ; kewar. 
League, s. mel, ahad-o-paiman ; farsang, 

derh-kos. 

Leak, v. chuna, risna, tapakna. 
Leaky, .. rakhna-dar, surakhi. 
Lean, s. dubla,-lagar; shor, kallar. 
Lean, v. takiya k. tekna, lagke rahna ; 

mail h. jhukna. 

Leanness, s. dublai, lagari ; lonai. 
Leap, s. kud, jast, khez, jhapat. 
Lea]i, r. ktidna, phandna, jast k. 
Leap-year, s. sal-i-kabisa. 
Learn, v. siklma, tahsil-i-ilm k. yad k. 
Learned, a. amokhta, alirn, fazil, kamil. 
Learning, s. ilm, irfan, fazilat. 
Lease, s. ijara-nama. patta. 



LEP 



86 



LIE 



Least, ct. sab-se chhota, kamtarm. 
Leather, s. chamra, chirm, jild. [chamar. 
Leather-dresser, s. dabbag, chirm-saz, 
Leave, s. chhutti, rukhsat, ijazat, wida. 
Leave, v. chhorna, tyagna, tark k. ; hiba 
Leaven, s. khamir, mawa. [k. 

Leavings, s. jhutha, pas-khurda, pas- 

manda, baqiyat. 
Lecher, s. zinakar, randi-baz. 
Lecture, s. dars, sabaq, bayan. 
Ledge, s. kagar; takhta. 
Leech, s. jonk, zalu. 
Leek, s. gandana, kurras. 
Leer, v. tirchhi nazar k. 
Lees, s. gad, talchhat, durd. 
Left, a. bayan, chap, yasar ; bacha hua, 

baqi, manda. 

Leg, s. saq, tang, pindli : paya. 
Legacy, s. hiba, wasiyat, bahra wasih. 
Legal, a. sharai, mashru, jaiz, adalati. 
Legate, s. wakil, elchi. 
Legation, s. wakalat, elchi-gari. 
Legend, s. dastan, afsana ; raqam. 
Leger, s. daftar, khata. 
Legible, a. parhne jog, khwandanf. 
Legibly, ad. saf nawisi-se, saf-saf. 
Legion, s. tuman, garoh, dasta. [ri k. 
Legislate, v. ain-bandi k. qanun r. tash- 
Legislative, a. ain-numa, qaniin-saz. 
Legislator, s. shari, wazi-ul-qanun. 
Legislature, s. sarkar,qanun-sazon-kaga- 
Legitimate, a. jaiz ; halal-zada, asl. [roh. 
Leisure, s. fursat, faragafc, chhutti. 
Lemon, s. nibu, limu, turanj. 
Lemon-grass, s. agiya-ghas. 
Lend, v. qarz d. warn d. ariyat d. udhar d. 
Lender, s. qarz dene-wala, qarz-khwdh, 

wam-dihinda. 

Jjciigth, s. lambai, darazf, tul ; masafat. 
Lengthen, v. lambana, barluina, daraz k. 

tawil k. 

Lengthwise, ad. lambai-men, darazi-se. 
Lenient, a. mulaim, mulaiyin, halim, 

musakkin. 

Lenity, s. narmi, mulaimat, rahm. 
Leo, s. burj-i-asad; singli. 
Leopard, s. chita, pahmj;, yuz, tendua. 
Leper, s. korhi, pusi, IIKIJ/A'UU. 



Leprosy, s. korh, juzain, pes, baras. 

Less, a, kamtar, kam, thora. [ka k. 

Lessen/ v. ghatana, kaink. khafif k. hal- 

LessonjS.sabaq 3 dars,path ; nasihat,pand. 

Lest, c. mabada,shayad,khudana-khwas- 
ta, aisa-na-ho. 

Let, v. dena, ijazat d. ; kiraya d. ; a- 
lone, chhor d. hath uthana ; down, 
utar d. utarna^ fall, gira d. girana, 
parne d. ; go, chhor d. jane d. ; in, 
ane d. dukhul d. ; out, jane d. azad 
k. ; kiraya d. ; off, chhorna, chala- 
na, dagna, niarna. 

Let, s. atkao, rok, sadd, muzahimat. 

Lethargy, s. sabat, khwab-aludagi. 

tetter, s. harf ; khatt, ruqa, chhitthi. 

Letters, s. ilm, ilmiyat, fazilat. 

Levee, s. darbar ; inajlis. 

Level, a. barabar, hamwar, eksan, chau- 

Lever, s. theka, dhenkli. [ras. 

Leveret, s. khargosh-ka bachcha. [pan. 

Levity, s. subuki, khiffat, halkai, ochha- 

Levy, v. jama k. fauj-bandi k. tahsil k. 

Lewd, a. mast, shahwati, nafs-parast. 

Lewdness, s. shahwat, zinakari, hawas. 

Lexicon, lugat, farhang. 

Liable, a. maruz, pazir, giriftar. 

Liar, s. jhutha, kazib, darog-go. 

Libel, s. malamat-nama, hajo. 

Libellous, a. badnam-gar, buhtan-saz. 

Liberal, a. sakhi, faiyax, hausila-mand, 
dil-kusha, mai'd-i-admi. 

Liberate, v. chhor d. aziid k. khalas k. 

Liberation, s. chhutkara, jixadagi. [kar. 

Libertine, s. fasiq, rind, kliarabati, bad- 
Liberty, s. azadi, rihai, ijazat ; ikhtiyar. 

Libidinous, a. shahwati, mast, zinakar. 

Libra, s. burj-i-nii/an, tiihi. [na. 

Library, s. jamiyat-i-kutub ; kutub-kha- 

License, s. ija/.at, i'annan, ]tarw;ina. 

Licentious.a. be-<iai(l,liarainkar,badkar. 

Lick, v. cli:\tn;i; nuii'iui. 

Lid, .s. dliakiu'i, dliapiui, sarposh, chapni j 
pai-da-i-cliusiii, palak. 

Lie, s. jlu'ith, daroLT, ki/.b. 

Lie, t'.'jhuth kahnsi: Ictiui, ]inrna, daraz 
h. ralnui, liumi, innkiiii r. inau/.u h. 
hid, chhipa ruhna, pinhan h. nihuf- 



LIN 



87 



LIV 



ta h. ; in, janna, paida k. prashab 

h. ; in wait, ghat-men rahna. 
Lieu, s. iwaz, badal, jagah. [dar. 

Lieutenant, s. qaim-muqam, naib ; jama- 
Li i'r, s. zindagi, zindagani,jan,hayat, umr. 
Lifeless, a. be-jau, be-dam, murda, mur- 

da-dil, sust. [umr-bhar. 

Lifetime, s. hm-i-hayat, tamam umr, 
Lift, v. uthana, utha-lena, charhana, un- 

chana, buland k. afraz k. burhana. 
Ligament, s. band, pai, nas, patlui. 
Ligature, s. patti, band, dora, rassi. 
Light, s. ujala, roshni, nur ; shama, chi- 

rag, batti ; ilm, talim. 
Light, a. ujla, roshan ; halka, subuk,kha- 

fifjchanchal; phika; asan,sahl;chalak. 
Light, v. jalana, roshan k. sulgana ; utar- 

na, nazil h. milna, parna. [makna. 
Lighten, v. halka k. bqjh nikalna ; cha- 
Lightness, s. halkai, subuki, khiffat; 
Lightning, s. bijli, barq. [roshni. 

Like, a. muwafiq, manind, barabar, mi- 
sal, eksan ; honhar. [h. 
Like, s. pasand k. chahna, qabul k. mail 
Likelihood, s. ihtimal, maqulat, surat, 

gum an. [lib. 

Likely, a. muhtamil, maqul, honhar, ga- 
Liken, v. muqabila k. tamsil k. tashbih r. 
Likeness, s. muwafaqat, mumasalat, mu- 

shabahat, misal, tamsil. 
Likewise, ad. bhi, niz ; masiwa, alawa. 
Liking, s. chah, shauq, mail, ragbat. 
Lilly, A-. sosan, saman. 
Limb, s. azu ; shakh, dali ; kinara, lab. 
Lime, s. chuna, ahak ; kagzi limu. 
Lime-kiln, s. chune-ki bhatti. 
Limestone, s. kankar, chune-ka patthar. 
Limit, s. hadd, sarhadd, siwana, intiha. 
Limit, v. hadd bandhna, ruahdud k. band 
Limitation, s. tahaddud, hadd ; qaid. [k. 
Limited, a. mahdud, bandha-hua. 
Limner, s. musauwir, naqqash. 
Limp, v. langrana, lang k. 
Limpid, a. saf, shaffaf, zulal, nirmal. 
Line, s. dora, rassi ; khatt, dhari ; satr ; 

khatt-i-isti\va ; misra, bait ; qatar s saff j 

khandaq, morchal ; nasl, silsila. 
Lineage, s. nasab, asl, nasl, silsila. 



Lineament, s. khal-o-khatt. 

Linen, s. katan, bazz, kapra. 

Liiigcr, v. dor lagana; marta-rahna; ta- 

Lingual, a. lisani. [raddud k. 

Linguist, s. zaban-dan, lugat-azmuda. 

Lining, s. astar, batana. 

lank, s. karf, qulaba, halqa; mahsal. 

Linseed, s. alsi, tukum-i-katan. 

Lint, s. narm katan, suf. 

Lintel, s. patao, chaukhat. 

Lion, s. singh, sher babar, asad. 

Lioness, s. sherni, baghni. 

Lip, s. lab, honth, shafat, kinara. 

Liquid, a. abi, raqiq, patla, muzab, gu- 

Liquid, s. paui, ab, araq, ras. [dakhta. 

Liquidate, v. ada k. patana, utaraa. 

Liquor, s. pani, araq ; sharab, daru. 

Liquorice, s. asl-us-sus, mulhatti. 

Lisp, u. tutlana, luknat k. 

List, v. khwahish k. chahna ; sunna. 

List, s. fihrist, fard, ismwari. [jih h. 

Listen, v. sunna, kan lagana, mutuwaj- 

Listless, a. sust, kahil, gafil, murda-dil. 

Literal, a. harff, lugwi, lafz ba lafz, thik. 

Literary, a. ilmi, babat jlm-ke, fazilat 

mansub. 

Literati, s. ulama, fuzala, sahiban-i-ilm. 
Literature, s. ilm, ilmiyat, fazilat. 
Lithography, s. pathar-ka chhapa. 
Litigate, i/. muqaddama larna, dawa k. 

qaziya k. 

Litigation, s. muqaddama, dawa, qaziya. 
Litigious, a. jhagralu, qaziya-jo, muqad- 

dama-baz. 
Litter, s. dola, chaupala, miyana ; ghas ; 

jhol; alae-balae. 
Little, a. thora, tanuk, andak, zarra; 

chhota, sagir, khurd ; nachiz. 
Little, ad. thora-thora ; ahiste-ahiste. 
Littleness, s. chhotai, andaki, qillat. 
Live, v. jina, jita-rahna, zinda h. rahna 3 

bud-o-bash k. makan r. 
Live, a. jita, zinda; sozan, jalta.[maash, 
Livelihood, s. rozi, roz-gar, rizq, maishat, 
Lively, a. zinda-dil, khush-taba. 
Liver, a. jigar, kaleja. 
Livery, s. bana, chapi'as, poshak. 
Livid, a. nila-pila, ml- fain, zard. 



LON 



88 



LOW 



Living, a. jita, zincla ; jandar, hai. 
Living, s. rozgar, maishat, rizq. 
Lizard, s. chhipkalf, girgit, tiktiki. 
Lo, int. dekh, dekho, lo. 
Load, s. bojh, bojha, bhar, bar, lad, haml. 
Load, v. bojhna, ladna, bar k. bharna. 
Loadstone, s. sang-i-miqnatis, chumak- 
Loaf, s. paon-roti, nan. [patthar. 

Loam, s. pindol, chiknf-mitti, gil. 
Loan, s. qarz, ariyat, udhar. 
Loath, a. na-raz, na-qabiil, kashida. [na. 
Loathe, v. nafrat r. ikrah k. makruh jan- 
Loathsome, a. makruh, karih, ghinaona. 
Loathing, s. nafrat, karahiyat, istikrah, 
Lobster, s. bara jhinga. [ghin. 

Local, a. makani, mahalli, jaf, khass. 
Lock, s. tala, qufl; zulf, kakul; kal, 

champ. 

Lock, v. tala d. qufl lagana, band k. 
Locker, s. daraj, almari-khana. 
Locket, s. qism-i-zewar. 
Locomotion, s. harkat, sair, naql. 
Locust, s. tiddi, jarad, malakh. 
Lodge, s. jhompra ; khana. 
Lodge, v. tikna rahna, utarna ; rakhna, 

baithalna, basarui. [dar. 

Lodger, s. bashinda, shab-bash, kiraya- 
Lodging, s. thikana, makan, bud-bash. 
Loft, s. kotha, atari, bam. [magriiri. 
Loftiness, s. unchai, bulandi ; takabbur, 
Lofty 3 a. uncha, buland,ala,ba]a ; magrur, 
Log, s. kunda, latha. [mutakabbir. 

Loggerhead, s. ahmaq, be-waquf, gaodi. 
Logic, s. mantiq, ilm-i-muna/ira. 
Logical, a. mantiqf, mantiq-paiwand. 
Logically, acZ. az ruo mantiq. 
Logician, s. sahib-i-maritiq, mantiqi. 
Loin, s. kamar, miyan. 
Loiter, v. tal-matol k. falna, don k. 
Loll,v.le^a rahna, pare raliTia,/uban niknl- 
Lone, Lonely, a. ekla, akela, tanhsi. [na. 
Long, a. lamba, dara/, i nl-t ;i\vjl : der-pa, 

dirang, dhila; diir; nihayat, bjihut ; 

ago, baliu! wiiqi. ^ux.i-c, mu<lda{- 

se; as long as, jitni din, j:ib-t:ik. 
Long, v. chalina, lai-Msna, inuslilaq h. 
Longevity, s. uinr-d:ir;'i/,i, lul-i-uinr. 
Longing, s. chah, ishtiyacj, ratjljat. 



Longitude, s. tul, darazi, la^mban. 
Longsufi'ering, a. mutahammil, halim. j 
Longsuffering, s. tahammul. 
Longways, ad. lambai-men, ba-darazf. I 
Look, v. dekhna, nigah k. nazar k. : na-i 

zarana, surat-pazir h. malum h. ; 

after, khabargiri k. ishtigal r. ; for. 

intizar k. muntazir h. bat dekhna ; 

out, talash k. dhundhna, nazar k. ; 

to, khabardari k. nigah-bani k. [hal. 
Look,s. nazar, nigah ; numa,surat, zahir- 
Looking-glass, a. aina, abgina, mirat. 
Loom, s. tant ; minsaj. 
Loop, s. phali, halqa, phansi, tukma. 
Loose, a. khula, dhila, kushada, chhuta; 

be-qaid, fahish. [la k. 

Loose, v. kholna, chor d. azad k. din- 
Looseness, s. dhilai, kushadagi ; be-qai- 

df, be-zabti, zinakari, ; ishal, jiriyan-i- 

shikam. [na. 

Lop, v. katna, tarashna, katarna, chhant- 
Loquacious, a. ziyada-go, bakki, batuni. 
Lord, s. malik, sahib, khawiiid, wall, 

khudawand, Khuda. 
Lordly, a. mutakabbir, magrur. 
Lordship, s. malikiyat, sardari, khuda- 

wand-i-niamat. 
Lose, u. khona, gum k. zaia k. maglub 

h. ziyan k. nnqsan uthana, bar bad d. 
Loser, s. khone-wala, haru, gumkuninda, 

maglub. [shikast. 

Loss, s. nuqsan, ziyan, khisara, zawal, 
Lost, a. gum, zaia, gaya-guzni. 
Lot, a. nasib, qismat ; hissa. bahra ; qura. 
Lotion, s. zakhin dhone-ka dawai panfi 

gaza. 

Lotteiy, s. qura-bazf, sharti, chitthi-ka 
Loud, a. buland-awax, uncha, bhari, shorf. 
Lounger, s. hai'/u-.iranl, machator. 
Louse, s. jun, chillar, sipasli. 
Love, v. piyar k. muhabbat r. ishq r. 

asln'q h. 
Love, s. ishq, muhabbat, piyar ; ashiqi, 

j<h(|b<i/i ; slialnviii. [ua/.ain. 

Lovely, a. piyara, isluj-aiigcx, tlil-ruba, 
Lover, s. asliicj, niulnl)b, habib, yar. 
Lovingly, ad. aslii(|;ina : iuiilial)bat-se. 
Low, s. uicha, xer, past, uasheb ; adna, 



LUS 



89 



MAI 



kamina, dun, haqi'r; kotah-qad; sasta, 

arzi'ui : udas. 

jO\v, r. dakurna, bambini^, 
jower, a. mchla, kamtar, fa?-otar. 
Lionver, v. iiicha k. dabana, utarna, jhu- 

kana ; ghutaiia, sasta k. kam k. ; ghu- 

rakna. [siyah-rii. 

Lowering, a. tank, dhundhla, andhera ; 
Lowly, a. farotan,be-garur,halim, garib. 
Lowiiess, s. ni'chai, pasti, kaminagi, 7,il- 

lat, udasi. [udas. 

Low-spirited, a. dil-shikasta, dil-tang, 
Loyal, a. namak-halal, wafa-dar, mas- 

taqim. 

Loyalty, s. namak-halali, \vafadari, itiiat. 
Lucid, a. raushan,darakhshan; saf, shaf- 
Luck, s. nasib, qismat, bbag; ittifaq. [faf. 
Lucky, a. khushnasib, bakhtawar iqbal- 

mand, nek-bakht. 

Lucrative, a. faida-mand, mufid, sud- 
Lucre, s. faida, nafa, sud, kasb. [mand. 
Ludicrous, a. maskhari, khanda-angez, 
Lug, v. ghasitna, khmchna. [lugvi. 

Luggage, s. asbab, chizbast. 
Lnkewarm,a. shir-garm, nim-garm, gun- 

guna ; sardmihr, be-muhabbat. 
Lull, u. sulana, iiind laua, aram d. task in 
Lumbei', s. agar-bagar, balaebatar. [d. 
Luminary, s. raushni, nur, sitara, suraj, 

chand, naiyir. 

Luminous, a. raushan, nuranf, ujala. 
Lump, s. dala, dhela, tukra, para. 
Lunacy, s. diwanagi, sauda, ruajnuniyat. 
Luna^r, a. chand-ka, qaniari. 
Lunatic, a. diwana, saudai, majnun. 
Luncheon, s. nashta, kalewa. 
Lungs, s. phephre, shush, riyat. 
Lurch, s. lurhak ; afat-ki halat, khatra. 
Lurch, y. lurhakna, lurhna ; thagna,fareb 
Lure, v. tuma r. igwa k. fareb d. [d. 
Lurk, v. ghat-men baithna, dabakna, 
daba-rahna. [jagah 

Lurking-place, s. kamm-gah, ghat-ka- 
Luscious, a. mitha, shfrin, mazadar, laziz. 
Lust, s. masti, shahwat, nafs, hawa-o-ha- 
Lust, v. shahwatr. masth. hawas r.[was. 
Lustre,s. chamak. jhalak.jila, raushni, ab- 
dari| raunaq; shuhrat, namwarf, jh<ir 



jusfcy, a. zorawar, qawi, tandurust, mota. 
jute, s. barbat, tarn bur. [hutat. 

nixui-ianco, x. ziyadati, ifrat, kasrat, ba- 
juxuriant, a. kasir, z^ada, wafir, phai- 
la-hua. [khush-khor. 

Luxurious,a. aiyash,shauqm, nafsparast, 
Luxury, s. aish-o-ashrat, rangras, nafs- 
Lyre, s. barbat, bm. [parasti. 

Lyrist, s. barbat-nawaz. 



M. 



Mace, s. sonta, chob,asa ; jawitri, basbasa. 
Macerate, v. dubla k. ; bhigo rakhna. 
Machination, s. sazish, bandish, fitrat, 

niausuba. 

Machine, s. ala, alat, kal, jantr. 
Mad, a. diwana, majnun, saudai, baola. 
Madam, s. bibi-sahib, begam-sahiba. 
Madhouse, s. diwana-khana. 
Madmaii,s. diwana adini, majnun shakhs. 
Madness, s. diwanagi, junun, sauda, sir. 
Magazine, s. rnakhzan, khazina, ganjina, 

silali-kbana. 

Maggot, s. kira, kirm ; lahar, khiyal. 
Magic, s. jadiigari, afsun, sihr. 
Magician, s. jadugar, afsungar, sahir. 
Magisterial, a. hakimi; mutakabbir, 

magrur. [dar. 

Magistrate, s. hakim, amil, faujdar, anil- 
Magnanimity, s. himmat, hausilajawaii- 

mardf. 
Magnanimous, a. ali-himmatj jawau- 

niard, shujau. 

Magnet, s. miqnatis, chumbak. 
Magnificence, s. jah-o-jalal, shikoh, hash- 
mat, raunaq. 
Magnificent, a. sahib-i-jalal, ahl-i-hash- 

mat, azim-ush-shan, raunaq-dar. 
Magnify, v. barhanaj sana-khwani k. 

maddahf k. 

Magnitude, s. barai, kalanf,andaza,qadr. 
Mahommedan, s. musalman. 
Maid, s. kuari, kori ; doshiza, bakira. 
Maid-servant, s. asil, kanez, laundi. 
Mail, s. jaushan, zirah, baktar; dak-ka 
Maim, v. langra k. zaklimi k. [thaili. 
Maimed, a. zakhmi, ghail, langra-lula- 



MAL 



90 



MAN 



Main, a. auwal, muqaddam, pahla ; qawi, 

shadid. 

Main, s. majmua, kull ; samundar. 
Mainly, ad. aksariya, galiban, auwalan. 
Maintain, v. iqrar k. taid k. pushti d. ; 

palna, parvvarish k. 
Maintenance, s. parwarish, rozi, khurak. 
Majestic, a. shahi, khusrawi, ali, shaha- 
na, zuljalal. 

Majesty, s. jalal, buzurgi, shikoh, dab- 
daba; hazrat, jahan-panah,janab-i-ali. 

Major, a. ala, bara, aksar. 

Major, s. uhda-dar fauji ; muqaddam. 

Make, v. banana, paida k. karna, khalq 
k. ; karwana ; kamana, basil k. ; mu- 
qarrar k. ; amends, mukafat k. pa- 
dash d. jaza d. ; away with, mar- 
dalna, qatl k. ; account of, hisab 
k. ; itibar r. iltifat r. takrim k. ; 
good, sabit k. dalil d. ; tawan d. nuq- 
san pui-a k. ; light o/, behuda jan- 
na, kliafif rakhna ; known, janana, 
zahir k. mashhur k. ; much of, aziz 
janna, muhabbat r. ; of, banana ; 
samajhna, daryaft k. ; over, sorapna, 
hawala k. taslim k. ; out, daryaft 
k. ; ashkara k. zahir k. ; sure of, 
yaqin janna, muqarrar samajhna ; 
up, milana, tasfiya k. ; tarkib k. ; jama 
k. ekattha k. ; tamam k. ; ki taraf jana ; 
towards, ki taraf chalna ya jana. 

Hake, s. daul, shakl, banawat, surat, 
sakht, tarkib. [saz. 

Maker, s. banane-w. kartar, khaliq ; kar- 

Making, s. banao, sakht, kam. 

Malady, s. marz, bimari, azar. [amali. 

Maladministi'ation,s.bad-hukumati,bad- 

Malaria, s. biniargar bukhar. 

Male, a. nar, zakar. 

Kalediction, s. bad-dua, lanat. 

Malefactor, s. bud-kar, gunah-gar, muj- 
rim. 

Malevolence, s. bad-khwahf, bad-ande- 
shi, kina. 

Malevolent, a. bad-khwah, bad-andesh, 
k ma- war. 

Malice, s. kina. bugz, adawat. 

Malicious, a. Scc Malevolent. 



Malign, 1 a. bad-khwah,bad-andesh, 
Malignant, | adawati, kina- war; bad- 

bakht, na-masud, manhus. 
Mallet, s. mogri, rnekh-chu. [hai. 

Malt, s. jau, jo boza banane-keliye taiyar 
Maltreat, v. bad-sulukk . sataua,niarpft k. 
Malversation, s. bad-amali, rishwat-kho- 

ri, hila-hawala. 
Mamma, s. mama, amma, ma. 
Mammon, s. daulat, mal. [shakhs. 

Man, s. admi, mard, insan, adamzad, 
Man-of-war, s. jangf-jahaz. 
Manacles, s. hath-karian, dast-band. 
Manage, v. chalana, karna, sarbarahi k. 

karguzari k. tadbir k. 

Manageable, a. khush-lagam, bakar sha- 

ista, sazawar. [tadbir, ami. 

Management, s. sarbarahi, karguzari, 

Manager, s. sarbarahkar, karguzar, pesh- 

kar, amil. 

Mandate, s. hukm, farman, amr. 
Mandatory, a. hukmi, farmani. 
Mandrake, s. lakhmana, lakhmani. 
Mane, s. yal, ayal, chonti. 
Man-eater, s. mardum-khor. 
Manful, a. mardana, diler. 
Mange, s. kharish, khujli. 
Manger, s. than, khurli, kharak. 
Mangle, v. pharna, chirna, purze-purze 
Mango, s. am, amba. \. 

Manhood, s. jawani, shabab, mardi, ru- 

jialiyat, inardangi, jawanmardi. 
Maniac, s. diwana, majnun. [waida. 
Manifest, a. zahii-, \vazih, ashkara, hu- 
Manifest, v. dikhlana, zahir k. batlana. 
Manifestly, ad. zahiran, khula-khula, be- 

sliakk. 

Manifestation, s. izhar, tauzfh, tasrih. 
Uanifeato, s. izhar-nama, surat-i-hal, 

ishtiliar. 

Manifold, a. bahutsa, gunagun, aqsam, 
.Mankind, .s. insan, bashar, ban-i-aclara. 

nliiic.s.s, .s-. niardangi, jawanmardi. 
Manly, a. mardana, nun-dum-asa. 
Manner, s. tarah, tanr. tari'q, wa/a, daul. 
aiinci-ly, a. khudh-akhlaq, khaliq, mu- 
addab. 
ilanners, s. adab, ukhlaq, aiiza, chal. 



MAR 



91 



MAT 



'Manoeuvre, s. tadbir, hikmat, fitrat. 
Manor, s. zamindari, taalluqa. 
(Mansion, s. haweli, makan, khana. 
Manslaughter, s. mardum-kushi, qatl. 
Manslayer, s. mardum-kush, qatil. 
Mantle, s. labada, bala-posh, pattu. 
Manual, a. dasti, hath-se bana hua. 
Manual, s. chhoti kitab, khulasa. 
Manufacture, s. dastkari, karigari, karo- 

bar, sanat. 

Manufacturer, s. dastkar, karigar. 
Manufactory, s. kar-khana; karigari, 

dastkari. 

Manure, s. pans, khad, khat, sar. 
Manure, v. pansna, khat dnlna, sarna. 
Manuscript, s. dast-khatt, qalami, kitab. 
Many, a. bahut, bahutere, bisyar, kasir, 

aksar. [buqalamun. 

Many -coloured, a. rang-a-rang, gunagun, 
Many-times, s. barha, barbar, dafatan, 
Map, s. naqsha-i-zamin. [dafa-ba-dafa. 
Mar, v. bigarna, khalal k. nuqsan k. 

kliarab k. 

Marble, s. sang-i-marmar ; goli, anta. 
March, s. kuch, raftar, safar j sal-ka tisra 

mahiua. 

Mare, s. ghori, madiyan, madwan. 
Margin, s. hashiya, kinara, lab. [daraj. 
Marginal, a. kinari ; hashiye-men mun- 
Marygold, s. genda ; gul-i-sadbarg. 
Marine, a. bahri, daryai. 
Marine, s. jahazj sipahi. 
Mariner, s. niallah, khalasi, ahl-i-jahaz. 
Maritime, a. bahri, daryai. 
Mark, s. nishan, dag, alamat, raqm, da- 

lalat ; nishana, hadaf. [k. 

Mark, v. nishan k. dag d. ; nazark. gaur 
Marked, a. nishan-dar, dag-dar. 
Market, s. chauk, bazar, hat, penth.[ni. 
Marketable, a. farokhtani, bazari, chala- 
Market-day, s. roz-i- bazar, penth-ka din, 
Marksman, s. nishana-andaz, shast-an- 
Marl, 5. pindol, tm-i-misr. [daz. 

Marquee, s. khaima, khargah, dera. 
Marriage, s. biyah, nikah, shadi. 
Marriageable, a. biyahne-jog, qabil-i- 

nikah ; balig, rasida. 
Married, a. biyaba, mankuh. nikahi. 



Marrow, s. guda, magz-i-uetakhwan. 
Marry, v. biyah k. biyahna, nikah k. sha- 
Mars, s. mirrikh, jallad-i-falak. [di k. 
Marsh, s. daldal, dhasao, dhasan. [chi. 
Marshal,s.sipah salar; nasqchi,ihtimam- 
Marshy, a. serab, tar, mai'tub, sila. 
Mart, s. ganj, bandar, hat, bazar. 
Martial, a. lashkari, jangi, sipahiana. 
Martyr, s. shahid shahid. 
Martyrdom, s. shahadat. [h. 

Marvel, v. taajjub k. mutaajib h. hairan 
Marvellous, a. ajib, ujuba, achambha. 
Masculine, a. muzakkar ; mardana, diler. 
Mask,s.burqa,bhes,chihra; hila,bahana. 
Mask, v. burqa lagana; chhipana, po- 

shida k. 

Mason, s. raz, miamarj sang-tarash. 
Mass, s. pinda, thua, dala, dali; dher, 

jamao, ambar. 

Massacre, s. muqatalat, halak, khun-rezi. 
Massive, v. bara, kalan, azim, mota, bha- 
Mast, s. mastul, tir. [ri, saqil. 

Master, s. malik, sahib, khawind, wall ; 

ustad, muallim ; azmudakar ; nakhuda. 
Master, v. maglub k. zerdast k. ; sikhna, 

hasil k. [mil. 

Masterly, a. nstadi, ustadana, w^qif, ka- 
Mastery, s. hukumat, badshahat ; ustadi. 
Masticate, v. chabna, chabana. 
Mastication, s. chabwai, chabai. 
Mastiff, s. pahari kutta. 
Mat, s. boriya, chatai, saf, pati. 
Match, s. muqabala, kushti, bazi, shart ; 

jora, juft, barabar, hamsar; biyah, 

nikah ; diya-silai ; tora, falita ; sokhta. 
Match, v. barabar h. ya k. muwafiq h. 

ya k. muqabila k. ; nikah k. biyahna. 
Matchless, a. be-misal, lasni, be-nazir. 
Mate, s. sathi, jora, juft, rafi'q, zauj ya 

zauja. [hayulani; bhari, zarur. 

Material, a. jismi, mujassam, maddi, 
Materials, s. asbab, saman, saranjarn, 

lawf'izima. [hut, nihayat. 

Materially, ad. jismantan ; lazimana, ba- 
Maternal, a. madari, muhabbatana. 
Materiamedica,s.dawa-daru,dawaiajnas. 
Mathematician, s. muhandis, riyazi-dan. 
Mathematics, s. ilm-i-riyazi, handasa. 



MEA 



92 



MEL 



Matrix,s. qalib, sancha,rahm, bacha-dan. 
Matricide, s. madarkushi, madavkush. 
Matrimony, s. biyah, nikah, shadi. 
Matrimonial, o,. mkaln, biyah-ka. 
Matron, s. mam;i, bibi, khatun; pir-zan. 
Matted, a. zholida, jata. 
Matter, s. madda, jism, jauhar, hayula, 

jinn ; bat, kar, muamala ; muzayaqa ; 
Mattock, s. kudali, qainti, belcha. [pib. 
Mattress, s. toshak, bistar, bichhauna. 
Mature, a. pakka, pukhta, rasida, kamil. 
Maturely, ad. ba-pukhtagi, taammul-se, 

sochke. [bulug, kamal. 

Maturity, s. pukhtagi, pakai, rasidagf, 
Maul, v. pitna, dhunna, thathana, kutpit k. 
Maund, s. ek man. 

Maw, s. maida, jhojh, pota, sangdana. 
Mawkish, a. be-lazzat, be-maza, naga- 

wari-rasan. 

Maxim, s. masla, maqula, qaida, qanun. 
May, v. sakna, hona, chahna, pana. 
Mayor, s. shah r-k a- hakim. 
Maze, s. uljhao, pech; hairat, hairani. 
Meadow, s. margzar, charagah, tarai. 
Meagre, a. dubla, lagar, haqir, naqis. 
Meal.s. ata,pis:n,besaii ; khana,khurak. 
Mean, a. kamin, faromaya, pajf ; muta- 

wassit, miyana, majhola. 
Mean, s. ausat, miyan, itidal. [sud r. 
Mean, v. manj r. batarta, irada r. maq- 
Meander, s. bank, pher, ghumao ; pech. 
Meaning, s. main', fahwa ; irada, maqsad. 
Meanness, s. hiqarat, kaminagf, pasti, 

zillat, khiffat. . 
Means, s. wasila, wasalat, marifat ; mail, 

Tiiaya, amad, mahasil; wajh, taur. 
Meantime, ") ad, isdarmiyan, ismabain- 
Meanwhile, j men,isarse-meu,isbicli- 

men ; darasna-i-wa(|t. 
Meant, pa. maqsud, nialum kiya, mahud. 
Measles, s. garmidana, khasra. 
Measure, v. mapna, napna, paimaisli k. 

andaza k. 
Measure, s. map, nap, andaza, paimaish, 

paimanu; wa/n, nu/.aii; tal, tan : 

darja; wasila, kiim, tarkib. [hayiu. 
.reless, a. be-qiyas, be-hadd, ni- 



Meat, s. gosht, khana, giza, taam. 
Mechanic, s. karigar, dastkar, ahl-i-pesha 

ya hiiia. [adat. 

Mechanics, s. ilm-i-jar-i-saqil, ilm-i- 
Mechanism, s. tarkib, banawat, sakht, 
Medal, s. sikka, tagrma. [kalbal. 

Meddle, v. hath dalna, dakhl beja k. 

madakhalat k. chhuiia. [labra. 

Meddler, s. dakhil, har-degi, chamcha, 
Medial, a. niiyani, darmiyani, mutawas- 

sit. [gari k. bich-bichao k. 

Mediate, v. wasalat k. shafaatk.miyanjf- 
Mediation, s. wasalat, shafaat, miyanji- 

gari, bich-bichao. 
Mediator, s. miyanji, darmiyani, shafi, 

bfchwal. 

Medical, "^ a. tibbf, tabibi ; flaj-man- 
Medicinal, 3 sub, chara-paiwand. 
Medicine,- s. dawa, daru, ilaj; tibb, shifa. 
Mediocrity, s. ausat, itidal, miyangi. 
Meditate, "v. sochna, fikr k. gaui- k. taam- 

mul k. tadbir k. mansuba bandhna. 
Meditation, s. fikr, andesha, soch, gaur, 

taammul. [zamin-se ghera. 

Mediterranean, a. khushki-ki bich-mea, 
Medium, s, ausat, wasat, itidal, darmi- 

yan, bich, wasalat. [zish. 

^Medley, s. ghalmel, gadbad, khalt, anie- 
Medullary, a. gudaila, magzi. 
Meed, s. ajr, ajura, samara, jaza. [rib. 
Meek, a. mulaim,narm, halim, salim, ga- 
Meekness, s. mulaimat, narmi, hilm, 

garibi. 

Meet, a. laiq, wajib, munasib, sazawar. 
Meet, v. milr.a, mnlaqat k. muqabil h. ; 

jama h. faraham h. ; liasil k ; joriia. 
Meeting, s. jamaat, jamiat, majlis. 
-Moon less, s. mutabaqat, munasabat, sha- 
:',n. [sauda, dilgiri. 

Melancholy, s. malikhiiliya, m:i!alat, 
.Melancholy, a. dilgir, maliil, hazin, sail- 

dai, udas. [sarlhna. 

Meliorate,??, bihtark. khubtar k. baiuiiia, 
Mellifluous, a. slmkarrez, shakarlab, 

shiiiii-7,al);in. [khuslnninia. 

Mellow, a. pakka, pukhta, narin, piljiihi, 

; ous, a. khudh-ahang, alhan ; ua\va, 



MER 



93 



MEW 



Melody, s. ras, ahang, ilhan, tarana, 

n;ii*mti, khushnawai. 
Melon, s. phut, kharbuza, tarbuz. 
Melt, v. galna, galana, ghnlua, ghulana, 

pighalna, pighlana, gudazh.ya k.[da. 
Melter,s. galakar, pighalwaiya, giidazan- 
Membcr, s. azu ; juz, fasl 5 sharik, hissa- 

dar : sahib-i-majlis, majlisi. 
Membrane, s. parda, jhilli, jer. 
Memento, s. ishara, kinaya, ima, yadgar. 
Memoir, s. tazkira, sargu/asht, tawarikh. 
Memorable, a. laiq-i-yad, qabil-i-yad, 

wajib-uz-zikr. [saftna, bayaz. 

Memorandum, s. yad-dasht, yad-gari ; 
Memorial, s. yadgar j arzdasht, arzi, dar- 

khwast. 

Memory, s. yad, hifz, hafiea, zikr. [wif. 
Menace, s. dhamki, ghurki, tahdid,takh- 
Menace, u. dhirana, dhamkana, dabkana, 

tahdid k. takhwif k. 
Mend, u. marammatk. sarna, sudMrna. 

bihtar k. ya h. taraqqi k. 
Mendacity, s. jhuth, daroggoi, kizb. 
Mendicant, s. faqir, gada, bhikari. 
Menial, s. naukar; chakar; naukri pe- 
Menses, s. haiz, mahna, phul, [sha. 
Menstrual, a. haazi, haiz-dar. [hallil. 
Menstruum, s. galane-wala, galau, mu- 
Mensuration, s. paimaish, masahat, ja- 

rib-kashi. [zamiri, aqli. 

Mental, a. dill, qalbi, khatir-mansub, 
Mention,a. zikr, tuzkira, mazkur, charcha. 
Mention, v. nikr k. kakna, nam lena, 

cliarcha k. [zari. 

Mercantile, a, tijaratf, saudagari-ka, ba- 
Mercenary, a. zar-ashna, khud-garz ; 

mazdur. [I'osh. 

Mercer, s. abreshmina-farosh, harir-fa- 
Mei-cliandise, s. mal, jins, qumash ; sau- 

dagari, tijarat. [baipari. 

Merchant, s. saudagar, tajir, bazurgan, 
Merchantman, s. saudagari-ka jahaz. 
Merciful, a. rahi'm, rahman, rahm-dil, 

narm-dil, shafiq. [dard, sang-dil. 
Merciless, a. be-rahm, be-sliafaqat, be- 
Mercurial, a. simabi, pare-ka ; chanchal, 

hawa-dar. 
liercury, s. simab, par^i j utarid. 



Mercy, s. rahm, ralimat, marhamat, slm- 

faqat, daya. [sarilu 

Mere, a. sirf, nira, mahz, faqat, klialf, 
Merely, ad, faqat, sirf, nipat. 
Meridian, s. nisf-un-nihar, zuhr ; khatt- 

i-nisf-un-nihar. [kliul>i. 

Merit, s. qadr, sazawari, liyaqat, \vasf, 
Merit, v. sazawar h. laiq b. mustahaq h. 

wajib h. mastaujib h. 
Meritorious, a. wajib-ul-ajr ; mustahaqq- 

i-inayat, sazawar. 
Mermaid, s. bint-ul bahr, jalmansf. 
Merrily, ad. khushi-se, shadana. [tarab. 
Merriment, s. khushi, shadi, khun-ami, 
Merry, a. khush, shad, shadman, hansor. 
Mesh, s. khana, shabaka, jal-ka surakh. 
Mess, s. khana, tarn ; hamtami, shiraqat- 

men khana ; khalt, amezish. 
Mess, v. eksath khana, milkar khana. 
Message, s. pay am, paigam, khabar. 
Messenger, s. qasid, paigambar, harkara. 
Messiah, s. Masih, Masiha. 
Messmate, s. hamsufra, hamkasa. 
Messuage, s. makan, haweli, taalluq. 
Metal, s. filizz, madani, dhat. 
Metallic, a. fillizi, madaniya, dhat-ka. 
Metamorphosis, s. tabdil-i-suratya shakl. 
Metaphor,s.istjara,majaz 3 kinaya,rangini. 
Metaphorical, a. majazf, rangin, mustar. 
Metaphysical,a.ilm-i-kalam-semutaalliq. 
Metaphysics, s. jlm-i-kalam, ilm-i-ma- 

bad-ut-tabii, ilahiyat. 
Mete, u. mapna, napna, paimaish k. 
Metempsychosis, s. tanasukh, nakl-i- 
Meteor, s. shahab, luk. [arwah. 

Methinks, v. mujhe malum hota hai. 
Method, s. tartib, aslub, waza, taur, ta- 

riq, saliqa. [itariq. 

Methodical, a. murattab, muntazam ; ahl- 
Methodise, v. murattab k. intizam k. 

sanwarna. [bahr. 

Metre, s. qafiya, mfzan, nazm, wazn, 
Metrical, a. muqaffa, ba-qafiya, manzunu 
Metropolis, s. dar-us-saltanat, khilafat, 

hukumat, takht-gah. 
Mettled, a. phurtila, tez,janbaz. 
Mew, v. billi sa awaz k. ; pirijre-men ya 

qaidkhane-men baud k. 



MIX 



94 



MIS 



Microscope, s. shisha-i-kalan-bin. 
Mid, Middle, a. miyanf, darrniyam, mu- 

tawassit, manjhola, bfchabich. 
Mid-day, s. do-pahar, nim-roz, zuhr. 
Middling, a. miyana, wasati, aisa-waisa, 

aisa-taisa. 

Middle-finger, s. angusht-i-wasati. 
Midnight, s. adhi-rat, nimshab. 
Midst, a. bich, darmiyan. [jhadhar. 
Midstream, s. iniyan-i-rudkhana, maj- 
Midwav, s. adhi-rah, asna-i-rah, adh- 
Midwife, s. dai-janai, qabila. [bich. 

Mid\vifery, s. daigari, ilm-i-taulid. 
Mien, s. waza, qiyafa, chihra, chal.[qat. 
Might, s. quwat, qudrat, maqdur, zor, ta- 
Mightily, ad. zor-se, ba-quwat, ba-shid- 

dat, nihayat. 

Mighty, a. qawi, zorawar, mazbut, qadir. 
Migrate, v. naql-i-watan k. tabdil-i-mak- 
Milch, a. dudbar, dudhal, dudhail.[an k. 
Mild, a. mulaim, halim, salini, momdil. 
Mildew,.s.lendha,bhua,phaphund],chitti. 
Mildness, s. hilm, narmi, mulaimat. 
Mile, 6\ mil, adh-kos. [minar. 

Milestone, s. mil-ka nishandar patthar, 
Militant, a. laranka, larau, jangi. 
Military, a. jangi, lashkari, sipahf. 
Military, s. lashkar, fauj, sipahion. 
Milk, s. dudh, shir ; gabha. 
Milk, v. dohna, dudh nikalna. 
Milkmaid, s. gopf, gwalin, ahiri. 
Milkman, s. gop, gopal, gwala, ahir. 
Milkpail, s. dohni, dudh-handi. 
Milky, o. dudhi, shiri, shirdar, dudhsa. 
Mill, s. chakki, chak, f iAnta. asiya. 
Miller, s. pisaiihara, asiya-ban. 
Mill-ox, s. kolu-ka b<iil. [wagaifa. 

Millinery, s. bibfani poshak, topi, fite, 
Million, N. das hikli, dnli sad liax.ar. 
3Iilletone, s.chakki-kapat, sang-i-nsiya. 
Mimic, a. naqcjal, muijuilid, taqlidi. 
Mimiciy, .^. naijl-bH/.i, IiKjlid, n;u|(|alf. 
Mince, v. qima k. para-para k. rexa-pur- 

za k. t.nkra-tu'M 
Mind, s-.dil,kliatn- 3 x.:unir,ji',zihn,fahm; 

kliwaliisli, ir;ii- BZ, cliali. 

Mind, V. niaiina, khalir-incn lana, tlil 
-.:ia, lihaz k. dhiyan k. 



Minded, a. mail, khwah, arzumand. 
Mindful,a. yadawar, khabardar, hoshiyar. 
Mine, pr. mera, apna. [qab. 

Mine, s. khan, kan, madan ; surang, na- 
Mine, v. kan khodna ; sendhna. 
Miner, s. kan-kan, madau kawinda, na- 

qab-zan, surangi, sendhiya. 
Mineral, s. madani, kani yti khani chiz, 

dhat, jamad. 

Mineralogy, s. ilm-i-madan. 
Mingle, v, milna, milana, amez h. ya k. 

makhlut h. ya k. ghal-mel k. [sagir. 
Miniature, s. ohhoti, shabih, taswir-i- 
Minion, s. piyara, laga-lipta,khayabardar. 
Minister, s. naib, gumashta, karkun ; 

wazir, mudabbir, sadi'-nishin, wakil; 

khadim-i-din. [dena. 

Minister,^, kliidmat k. bazir-bashi k. 
Ministry, s. khidmat, wizarat, pesha-i- 

khadim-i-din. 
Minium, s. sendur, isrinj. 
Minor, a. kamtar, chhota. 
Minor, s. na-balig, na-rasida, khurdsal. 
Minority, s. kamtari, gillat ; khurdsali, 

na-baligi, na-rasidagi. 
Minister, s. jami masjid ; khanqah. 
Minstrel, s. bajantri, mutrib. 
Mint, s. taksal, dar-uz-zarb ; pudina. 
Minute, s. pal, lamha, lahza, zarra, da- 

qiqa ; yadgar, sharah. 
Minute, d. zarra- sa, barik, daqiq, bahut 

chhota, raqiq, thik. [dawnr k. 

Minute, u. likh-lena, qalam-band k. ya- 
Miriutely, ad, ba-diqqat, tafsilana ; har- 

d;un, har-lali/n. 
^linu-lo, .<. niujn/.u, k.aramat. 
Miraculous, a. ajib, ujuba, karamatf. 
Mire, M. kit-liar, cliililn, daldal. 
Mirror, 8. ;tnia. :il)gina, minit. 
Mirth, s. khiishi, sh.-idf, khurranii, hansi. 
Miry, a. kichraha, daldala, panka. 
Misai- . : sahih d. bura chetna. 

Misanthropr, .. insaji dushnuui. 
Misantliropy, 8. in.-'an-sc nai'rat. 
Misapjily. u. be-laidu lagana, bt'ja kharch 

k. /a\ 
Misapprehend, v. na-bujhna, khilaf, sa- 

majliua. 



MIS 



MOD 



Jisapprehension, s. na-samajh, khilaf-i- 

t'alnin'dagi, khata, chiik, bhiil. [ki k. 
itisbehave, v. bad-clial chalna, bad-suhi- 
Mishehaviour, s. bad-chal, bad-sultiki, 

be-adab{. 
Miscarriage, s. bad-aujami, na-sarbara- 

111; isqat-i-hamal. 
Miscarry, v. na- nun-ad h. na sadhna, 

chukna ; pet girna ; isqat-i-hamal r. 
Miscellaneous, a. inutafarriq, makhlut, 

bazo-jama. [kharabi, badi. 

Mischief, s. nuqsan, eiyan, azar, ^arar, 
Mischievous, a. muzirr, ziyankar, sharir, 

bad, bui-a. [fikr, behuda. 

ilisconception, s. galati, khata, chuk, 
Hi8conduct,s.badamali,badchal,badfial. 
Misconstrue, v. nrakhalif bayan k. bat 

pherna, galat samajhna. 
discount, r. galat-shumai'i k. 
Miscreant, s. badzat,niardud, haramzada. 
Misdeed, ") s.bad-fiali, gunah,jari- 

%) 



.Missing, a. jata rail a, gum hua. 
Misshapi', v. l)ad-qat.a k. be-aiidjim k. 
Missile, 8. ]i;itli-ch}]iit, duranda/,i. 
Mission, s. irsal, risalat, paigambari, 

firistadaui. 

Missionary, s. injil-ka rivvHJ-denewala. 
Misspell, v. galat liije k. bad-irnla liklina. 
Misspend, u. urana, isrdf k. ganwana, 

be-niaiii din katna. 
Mist, s. kohar, kuhra, kuhasa, pliuhar, 

dhundh. [qusiir. 

Mistake, s. chuk, galati, bhul, khata, 
Mistaken, a. bhula hua, galati-men liai. 
Mistress, s. sahiba, malika, kadbanu, 

gharwiili; ustadin, atu ; mashuqa. 
Mistrust, s. shakk, bad-gumani, wahm. 
Misty, a. dhundhla, dliundhra, dhiindha. 
Misunderstand, v. kliilaf samajhna, na- 

fahmi k. galat bujhuii. 
Misunderstanding, s. na-fahmi, galat; 

mukhalafat, munazat. 
Mite, s. ghun ; zarra, reza ; kauri. 
Mitigate, v. kam k. mulaim k. takhfif k. 

than da k. 

Mitigation, s. takhfif, taskfn, ifaqa. 
Mix, v. milana, miliia, makhlut h. ya k. 

amezish k. amekhta k. [amez. 

Mixed, a,, arnekhta, makhlut, mila-hita, 
Mixture, s. milao, amezish, imtizaj, mu- 
Moan, s. ah, hae, karah, nala. [rakkab. 
Moan, v. karahmi, nala k. afsos k. 
Moat, s. khandaq, l\hai. 
Mob, s. blur, hujum, amboh, majma. 
Mock, v munh banana, chirana, luhvana, 

maskhara k. istihza k. 
Mockery, s. thattha, sukhriya, tasakh- 

khur, nazhik, iotihxa. 
Mode, s. siirat, taur, tar^q, waza, rawish, 

rawaj, chalan ; makam, parda, uawa. 
Model, s. naqsha, namuua, naql, qalib. 
Model, v. banana, daul-par lana, shakl 

bandhna, naqsha k. 
Moderate, v. sambhalna, thamblma, zabt 

k.; kam k. takhfif k. sakin k. 
Moderate, a. muatadil.miyana, muwafiq. 
Moderation, s. yaiidiil, qanaat ; subr, 

tahammul, burdbari, mulaim at. 
Moderator, s, mir-i-majlis, mudabbir. 



MON 



96 



3IOR 



Modern, a.naya, half, mutaakhkhir, jadid. 
Moderas,s.mutaakhkharin,abnae-zanian. 
Modest, a. sharm-sar, nak, gin, ila, mah- 

juh, na-magrur, na-gustakh. 
Modesty, s. sharm, haya, hijab, gairat, 

asmat, paki. 

Modification, s. tarkib ; tabdil. 
Modify, v. siirat d. shakl bandhna, daul 

d. ; sudhrana, tabdil k. [tarn. 

Modish, a. rawaji, rasmi, chalni, nan- 
Modulate, v. awaz banana, tarannum k. 

alapna. [alap. 

Modulation, s. tarannum, nagma, nawa, 
Moiety, s. adha, nim, nisf. [serab, oda. 
Moist, a. nam, tar, martub, sila, gila, 
Moisten, v. namgin k. tar k. silana, 

martub k. [ras. 

Moisture, s. nam, tari, sil, rutubat, araq, 
Mole, s. til, masa, khsil ; chhuchundar, 

karmosh ; band, pushta. 
Molehill, s. chhuchhundar-ka dheri, toda- 

i-karmosh. [taklit'd. 

Molest, v. satana, khijana, chherna, 
Molestation, s. taklif, iza, ranj, tasdia, 

azar. [k. taskin d. 

Mollify, v. narmana, mulaim k. tlianda 
Molten, a. gala-hiia, dhalwan, qalibi. 
Moment, s. dam, lamha, lahza, saat, pal, 

daqiqa ; garaz, muzaiqa, bhari. 
Momentaiy,a. ek dam-ka,na-paedar, fani. 
Momentous, a. giran, bhari, sangin, mu- 

himm, zarur. [tan, raja. 

Monarch, s. badshah, shah, malik, sul- 
Monarchy, s. badshahi, saltanat, mumli- 
Monday, s. pir, do-sharaba, sombar.[kat. 
Money, s. zar, naqd, paise, rupai, kauri, 

mablag, maya. 

Money-changer, s. sarraT, naqqad. 
Moneyed, a. zardar, maldar, rupai-wdla, 

paise-wala. [mnili.s. 

Moneyless, a. be-zar, be-naqd, tihidaat, 
Monger, s. farosh, baipari, baz, wala. 

1, .-. do-ii;isl;i jail war. 
Moniii'Mi, .5. nasihat, wax, jiand, tambfli. 
Monitor, s. nasih, waj/ ; khalil'a. 
Monkey, s. bandar, bozina, niaimun. 
Monopolize, r. ijai-a 1. chlicnkna, uiar-r. 
Monopoly, s. ijara, 



Monosyllable, s. ek hijje-ki bat. 
Monotony, s. ek-surf, tawali-harkat. 
Monsoon, s. mausam-ki hawa. 
Monster, s. ajib-ul-khilqat, ifrit, bhut. 
Monstrous, a. ajib,azim, haulnak, shadicl, 
Month, s. mahina, mah, mas. [sharir. 
Monthly, a. har-mahini, mahf, mahine- 

ke mahine, mah-ba-mah. 
Monument, s. yad-gar, nishan ; alamat ; 

turbat, marqad, qabr. [marqadi. 

Monumental,a.yado-ari,alamati,maqbari, 
Mood,s. haljhalat, khatir,kho,siga, waza. 
Moody,a. chirchira,barham,khafa, maliil. 
Moon, s. chand, chandar, mah, mahtab, 

qamar ; new , mah-i-nau, hilal : fi'.U 

, badr, purn-masi ; 's change, s. 

tahwil-i-mah. [mah. 

Moonlight, s. chandni, mahtab, mir-i- 
Moor, s. zangf, habshi, magribi musal- 

man ; be-abad zamin, wirana. 
Moor, v. langar dalna, lagana, bandhna. 
Mooring, s. langargah, ghat. [na. 

Mope, v. afsurda h. gamginh. udas baith- 
Mopish, a. sust, gamnak, udas. 
Moral, a. akhlaqi, akhlaq-numa, adab- 

amoz pandana ; khush-akhlaq, nek. 
Moral, . nasihat, pand, hasil, garaz. 
Moralist, s. adib, ataliq, nasih, waiz. 
Morality, s. akhlaq, suluk, adab, haqq. 
Moralize, u. akhlaq, batana, pand bolna. 
Morals, s. akhlaq, nek-suluki, adab, waza. 
Morally, ad. rasti-se, haqq-men. 
Morass, s. daldal, dhasan, dhasam. 
Morbid, a. mariz, bimar, khasta. 
More, a. aur, ziyada, afxud, besh, bahut ; 

and more, aur-aur, aur-ziyadaj 

or less, thora-bahut, kam-br-li. 
Moreover, acZ.alawa, aiwaiske,tisparbh]. 
Morning, *. fajr, snbah, sahar, bhor, tarka. 
.Mornin^-Rtar, s. zuhra, sitara-us-subah. 
Morose, a. durusht, tursh-ru, karakht, 

chirchira. [mizajf. 

Alon >seness, s. dnrashti, tursh-rui, tuiid- 
Morrow, .-\ kal, t'arda. 
Morsel, s. luqma, nawala : tukrii, para. 
Moi-tal, <'. lam, mauti, faun; insani, ba- 

shri ; muhlik, qatil, kari. [shaklis. 
Mortal, 3. iusssui, adam-zad, bashar a 



MOU 



97 



MUST 



Movable, a. mutaharrik, mumkin-ul-ha- 

rakat, iithane-jog. 
Move, v. hilna, hilana, sarakna, sarkana, 

havakat d. chalana, chalna, uksana, 

angez k. ; narm k. ; manana ; posh k. 
Moved, a. mahruk, jumbida, chala hua. 
Movement, s. liarakat, rawarawi, chal, 

chalau. [harrik. 

Moving, a. dilsoz, dilkashjigarsoz; mu- 
Mow, v. dase-se katna, dirau k. 
Mucli,a. bahut, bahutera, bisy ar, nihayat, 

kasir ; how much, kitna, keta ? so 

much, itna, etna, eta ; as mwc7i,jitna, 

jeta. 
Much, s. kasrat, ifrat, bisyar, bahut ; 

*o much so, yahan-tak ; to make 

much of, piyar k. nawazna. 
Mucilage, s. las, luab. 
Mucilaginous, a. laslasa, lajlaja, luabdar. 
Mud, s. chahla, kichar, pank, wahal. 
Muddy, a. maila, gadla, aluda, rnukad- 

dar. [pana. 

Muffle, v. lapetna, dhampna, orhna, chhi 
Mug, s. ab-khora, pij r ala. 
Mulberry, s. tut, shah-tut. 
Mulct, v. jarimana k. tawan lagana. 
Mule, s. khachchar, astar. 
Mullet, s. parhin, arwari machhli. 
Multifaiious, ") a. rangbarang, gunagun, 
Multiform, ) kasir-ul-shakal, bahu- 
Multiplicand, s. mazrub, gunya. [rupi. 
Multiplication, s. zarb, pahara, jorti. 
Multiplicity, s. kasrat, ifrat, bahutat. 
Multiplier, s. zarib, zarb-kuninda. 
Multiply, v. zarb k. ; ziyada k. barhana. 
Multitude, s. kasrat, bahutat ; jamaat, 

amboh, hujum, bhir. 
Mum, int. chup ! khamosh ! [bat kahna. 
Mumble, v. ghilbil k.barbarana, chabake 
Mummery, s. bahurup, pekhna, badbazi. 
Mummy, s. momiya. CJ na P chabna. 

Munch, v. chapar-chapar khana, hap- 
Mundane, a. duniyawi, dunyawi, zamani, 
Mungoose, s. rasii, newal. [jahani. 

Munificence, s. sakhawat, himmat, jucl. 
Munificent, a. sakhi, data, kushada-dil. 
Munition, s. larai-ka saman ya asbab ; 

qilabandi. 



MUZ 



98 



NAT 



Murder, s. kluin, qatl, khunrezf, hatya. 
Murder, v. mar-dalna, khun k. qatl k. 
Murderer, s. khunf, khunrez, qatil, raar- 

dum-kush. 

Murderous, a. khunkhwar, khunm, jallad. 
Murky, a. tarik, andhera, gharighor. 
Murmur, s. chhalchhalahat, kurkurahat ; 

shikayat. [sink ay at k. 

Murmur, v. kurkurana, chhalchhalana, 
Muscle, s. patha, pai ; sipi-ka kira. 
Muscular, a. goshtdar, jasim, kungra, 

zorawar. [sochna. 

Muse, v. fikr k. gaur k. andesha k. 
Museum, s. ajaib-khana, nadirat-khana. 
Mushroom, s. chhata, dharti-ka phul, 

samariig. 

Music, s. musiqf, nagma, alhan, sarod. 
Musical, a. khush-ahang, pursoz, shirm ; 

sarodi, musiqf, mansub. 
Musician, s. mutrib,muganni,musiqidan, 
Musk, s. mushk, misk. [sazinda. 

Musket, s. banduq, tupak, tufang. 
31uskrat, s. chhachlmndar. 
Muslin, s. malmal, tan-zeb, shab-nam. 
Musquito, s. machchhar, pashsha. 
Mussel, s. sipi-ka kira. 
Mussulman, s. musalman, muslim. 
Must, v. chahiye, lioga, parega, zarur 

hai, lazim hai. 

Mustard, s. rai, sarson, tori, khardal. 
Muster, v. ginti k. maujudat 1. jama k. 
Musty, a. ubsa, sara, gumsa, bosida; 

purana. 
Mutability, s. beqararf, napaedari, ta- 

_ r ;iiyur, t:il;ui\van. 
Mutable, a. beqarar, napaedar, mutagai- 

yui-, mutalamvin. 

3Iute,a.chup, khamosh, bezaban, guuga. 
Mutilate, r. langra k. azu katna, niK^au 

k. bigariia. 

Glutinous, a. bdgf, sarkash, mufsid. 
Mutiny, s. bagawat, inhirafjashob, i;is;ul, 

han-Hiiia, danra. [gunaiii. 

"Mutter, r. barbaranii, kurkurana, gun- 
"Mut.t.f)ii, .v. blicr-ksi gosht ; hlicr. 
Mutual, a. do-tari'i, tarlaiu, jaiiibain. 
^Mutually, mi. do-taraf-se, apas-nien, 
Muzzle, v. munh band k. jab d. 



Muzzle, s. munh, dahn, thufchni ; jab, 

musakka. 

Myi-iad, s. das-hazar, toman. 
Myrobalan, 5. amla, halela, harra. 
Myrrh, s. murr, bol. 
Myself, p. main-ap, main-khud. 
Mysterious, a. makhff, poshida, baid- 

ul-fahm, raz. [kasb. 

Mystery, s. raz, ramz, sirr, gaib, hikmat, 
Mystic, a. see Mysterious. 
Mythology, s. naql-i-jinn, deomala. 



Nail, s. nakhun, nakh ; mekh, kil, gul- 
Nail, v. mekh marna, kil marna. [mekh. 
Naked, a. nanga, barhana, uriyan ; zahir, 

ashkara, khula ; sirf, khali. [zahiri. 
Nakedness, s. nangaf, barhanagi, uriyaui, 
Name, *. nam, ism ; laqab, khitab j shuh- 
Namely, ad. yane, khususan. [rat. 

Namesake, s. hamnam, sami, mita. 
Nap, s. nind, jhapki, qailula. 
Nape, s. guddf, qafa, pas-i-gardan. 
Napkin, s. rumal, anguchha. 
Narration, s. naql, qissa, hikayat, ahwal. 
Narrator, s. rawi, haki, naqil. 
Narrow, a. tang, chust, sakra, kam-arz ; 

tang-dast, tang-dil, bakhil ; garib. 
Narrowly, ad. tangi-se, sakhti-se, mush- 

kil-se, gaur-se, taqaiyud-se, bedari- 

se ; bakhili-se. 
Narrowness, s. tangi, sakra i, kamchau- 

rai ; muflisi, tang-dasti ; bukhl, tania, 
Xasal, .. gunna, iiaki. [makruh. 

Nasty, . maila, gulf/, kasif, chirkin ; 
Natal, a. janami, wihiduti, niauludi. 
Nation, s. qaum, millat, guroh, tirqa, 

klial(|, ttvb.ir. [dost. 

National, -'.([a u in i, an u'j ui. 7iiutluf|:Ava tan - 
Native, a. asli, zati, jiballi, khilqi ; wa- 

tani, (lesi. [wutaii. 

Nativity, s. jaiiain, tawallud, wiladat ; 
Natural, n. tabai, /riti, jauharf, khiltii ; 

lai it', /arif, na/.uk ; liarami. [kim. 
Naturalist, s. klia\v;is-sul-;isliy;i(lan, ha- 
Nal urally, ml. bi/.atihi, bitaltiyat, bilasl. 
Nature, f. tub (y at, zat, surisht, jauhar 



NEB 



99 



NEX 



khaslat, khasiyat, kho, rnizaj; jins, 

wa/a: makhliiqat, inauji'ulat, duniya. 
Nauirht, s. kiK-hh-nahiu, heeli-na. 
Naughty, a. bad, bura, klutnib, sharir. 
Nausea, s. matlai, ubki. [rat r. 

Nauseat.e, r. ji matlana, ji ghinana, naf- 
Nauseous,a.bad-nia/a.glmiaim:i,makruh. 
Nautical, a. jahazi, jahaz-rani-se uisbat- 

dar, mallahi. 
Naval, a. jahazi, bahri. 
Navel, s. niif, nabhi, tondf. 
Navigable, a. kishti ya jahaz-ke jane 

laiq, khula. [iana k. 

Navigate, v. jahaz chalana, jahaz-se ana. 
Navigation, s. mallalii, nakhudai, jahazi - 

jlm. 

Navigator, s. mallah, nakhuda, jahaz-ran. 
Navy, s. jahazon-ka jannyat, bahrjaBgi. 
Nay, ad. iiahin, na. 

Neaptide, s. raandi ya halki jawar.[dast. 
Near, a. nazdik, qarib, maqrun ; tang- 
Near, pr. ad. pas, nazdik. 
Nearly, ad. anqarib, taqriban, kam-besh. 
Nearness, s. nazdiki, qurb, qarabat ; 

tang-dastf. 
Neat, a. suthra, khush-numa, nafis, pa- 

kiza, pak. 

Neatly, ad. suthra{-se,nafasat-se,ba-lutf. 
Neatness, s. suthrai, natasat, nazakat, 

pakfzagi. 
Necessarily, ad. zaruratan, laziraajia, 

lajarani, labudd. 
Necessary, a. zarur, lazim, wajib, mnq- 

ta/i, multazim. 

Necessary, s. jae-zarur ; pae-khana. 
Nccessitous,a. muhtaj, tang-dast,miskm. 
Necessity, s. zarurat, hajat,ihtiyaj,mufll- 

si ; iqtiza, lazimat ; qaza, taqdir.[min. 
Neck, s. gardan, gala, gulu ; gardan-i-za- 
Neckcloth, s. gala-band, gnlu-band. 
Necklace,s. mala, liar, chambar-i-gardan. 
Necromancer, s. jadugai', sahir. 
Necromancy, s. jadugari, sahiri, sihr. 
Nectar, s. ab-i-kausar, amrit. 
Need, s. hajat, ihtiyaj, darkar, zarurat, 

lazimat, iqtiza. [rurat parna. 

Need, v. clialma, ihtiyaj r. darkar h. za- 
Needful, a. zariir, lazim, wajib, muqtazi. 



Needle, s. siif, sozan, sua ; kanta. [karf. 
Neeiile-work, 5. silai, tiraz-kari, cliikan- 
Needless,a. be-/.;inir, bo-ihtiyaj, be-faida. 
Neriiy, a. inuliiaj, inuflis, iiialluk. 
Nefarious, a. liad, burii, sharir, makruh. 
Negative, a. manfj, natiya, saliba. 
Nc^iei-t, r. iralia.t k. gafil h. bhul-jana, 

ilnnal r. kliata k. chukna, nailtit'ati k. 
Niigloct, s. gaflat, ilimal, bc-khabari. 
Negligent, a. gatil, inuhmil, kaliil, sust, 

be-khabar. [Iana. 

Negligently, ad. gafilana, gaflat-se, kalii- 
NegotiatOjU. muamala k. karobar k. mas- 

lahat k. ahd-o-paiman k. [sawal. 

Negotiation, s. muamala, karobar, jawab- 
Negotiator, s. miyanchi, miyandar, mua- 

mala-kar. 

Negro, s. habshi, zangi, siyah. 
Neigh, v. hinhinana, sahil k. 
Neigliboui', s. hamsaya, parosi. 
Neighbourhood, s. jiwar, navvahi, aspas, 

paros ; hamsayagan. 
Neither, c. na, na yih na wuh, koi nahin. 
Nephew, s. bhatija, bhunja, biradar-zada 

ya khwahir-zada. [hirnmat. 

Nerve, s.asab,pai,nas, rag, patha ; quwat, 
Nerveless, a. natawau, bequwat, kainzor. 
Nervous, a. asabi, mushtanda, sust, zaif. 
Nest, s. ghonsla, ashiyaua, basa. 
Net, s. jal, dam, sliabaka. 
Nether, a. tarla, nicha, zerin, asfal. 
Nethermost, a. sab-se nicha, zertarin, 

pastarm. 

Nettle, v. khijana, chherna, diqq k. 
Never, ad. kabhii-nahin, hargiz-nahin, 

asla, zinhar. 
Nevertheless, c. taubh.i,tisparbhi, taham, 

bawajud iske. [nis. 

Neuter, a. musawi, na-janibdar; mukhan^ 
New, a. naya, nau, taza, jadid. 
Newfangled, a. naii-sakhta; nau-rasitla. 
Newh r , Ojd. thore dinon-se, aznau, rnu- 

jaddan. 

Newness, s. nayai, tazagi, nau-sakhtajrf. 
News,s. khabar, akhbar, waqiat,hadisat. 
Newspaper, s. akhbar, khabar-ka kasaz. 
Next, a. nazdik-ka, muttasil, milahua, 
muqarrab, anqarib, bad iske, ainda. 



NOI 



100 



NOT 



Nib, s. nok, chonch, 

Kibble, v. kutarna, khutakna. 

Nice, a. thik, sahih, daqiq, nafis, laziz, 

iiazuk, barik-bin, nuktadan. [bmi-se. 
Nicely, ad. sihhat-se, ba-durusti, barik- 
Nicety, s. sihhat, diqqat, nazakat, bai-ik- 
Niche, s. taq, taqcha. [binf. 

Nick, s. khandana ; ain-waqt, khush- 
Nickriame, s. laqab, urfi-nam. [waqt. 
Niece, s. bhatiji, bhanji. 
Niu"_rN.rcl, s. ") tang-dast, khasiSjbakhil, 
Niggardly, a. ) makkhichus. 
Nigh, pr. pas, nazdik, qarib. 
Night, s. rat, shab ; all n. sarirat to-n. 

ajki-rat ; good n. shab-ul-khair. 
Nightingale, s. bulbnl, andalib. 
Nightly, a. shabina, harehab, harrat-ko. 
Nightmare, s. kabus, jakra. 
Nimble, a. chust, chalak, jald, tez. 
Nine, a. nan, nuh. 
Ninefold, a. nau-gnn, nuh-chand. 
Nineteen, a. tinis. 
Ninety, a. nauwe, nawi. 
Ninth, a. nauwan, nawan. 
Nip, v. nochna, chutki 1. pale marna, ba 

sardi marna. 

Nippers, s. muchin, mochna. 
Nipple, s. bhitnf, sar-i-pistan. 
Nitre, s. sliora, abqar. 
No, ad. na, nahin, na. 
Nobility, s. amiri, sharafat, najabat, bn- 

zurgwari, jawan-mardi. 
Noble, a. sharif, umda, buzurgwar, asil, 

alinasab, alishan. [daulat. 

Nobleman, s. amir, khan, sharif, rukn-i- 
Noljly, ad. sharifana, nazibana, amiraua. 
Nobody, s. koi nalii'n, hcclikas. 
Nocturnal, a. shabina, shabi, rat-ka. 
Nod, r.jhukna, sar jhukana, nihurna, 

urifrhna. 

Nniiding, s. jhukawat, ungh, jhapkf. 
Node, s. ganth ; waram, phula j khatW- 

salibf. ^ [{f jl "^' 1 - 

Noise, s. awaz, sada, bang, shor, gul, 
Noisome, a. ganda, badbudar, inustab. 

rah, muzirr. 
Noisy, a. pui-shor, shori, awazf, kallakar, 

dhumdhaiui, haiigama-saz. 



Nominal, o. farzi, khiyali, zabani, nami. 
Nominate, v. thahrana, mnqarrar k. 
Nomination,s.tasmiya;taqarrur ; thahrao. 
Nominative, a. fail ; halat-i-failiyat. 
Nonage, s. khurd-sali, na baligi. 
Non-appearance, s. gair-haziri, gaibf. 
None, a. koi nahfn, kuchh nahin, hech 
na, kase na. [be-wajudi. 

Non-existence, s. na-budi, nesti, adam, 
Non-existent, a. nest, nabud, namaujud. 
Nonplus, v. hairank. la-jawab k. lachar k. 
Non-resistance, s. adam-i-muqawamat, 
tahammul. [lagwiyat. 

Nonsense, s. behuda-goi, yawa, harza, 
Nonsuit, v. la-da\va k. radd-i-dawa k. 
Nook, s. kona, gosha. 
Noon, s. do-pahar, mm-roz, nisfun-nahar. 
Noose, s. phansi, phanda, kamand. 
Nor, c. na, na yih na wuh. 
North, s. uttar, shimal. 
North-east, s. isan-kon. 
Northern, a. nttara, shimali. 
Northing, s. uttarayan. 
Northstar, s. sitara-i-qutub-i-shimali. 
Northward, ad. nttar-ki taraf, basu-e- 
Northwest, s. bayab, bayu-kona.[shimal. 
Nose, s. nak, bini. 
Nosegay, s. guldasta, turra. 
Nostril, s. nathna, nae-binf, minkhar. 
Not, ad. na, nahin. 

Notable, a. mashhur, qabil-i-yad, tariff. 
Notation, s.nishan-uawisi, ishara-nawisi. 
Note, v. lihaz k. takna, gaur k. ; likh- 

lena, darj k. dakhil k. 
Note, s. nishan, alamat, chinh; khatr, 

chitthi ; tip, d:ista\vi>/, tamassuk ; par- 

da, maqam ; sharah, hashiya; again', 

khabar ; nam, waqar. 
Noted, a. mashhur, maruf, namwar. 
Nothing, s. kuchh nahin, hech, na-cMz. 
Notice, s. nigah, mulahiza, gaur ; khabar, 

ittilaa. 

Notice, v. mulahiza k. na/ar k. nigah k. 
Notify, u. khabar d. ittilaa k. izhar k. 

batlana. 

Notion, s. khiyal, wahm, gnman, zann. 
Notional, c.. khiyali, wahiui, farzi. [har. 
Notoriety, s. shuhrut, a:igushtuumai, iz- 



NUT 



101 



OBS 



Notorious, a. mashhur, maruf, zahir. 
Not wit hstanding, c. ba wajud, harchand, 

halanki, taham. 

Nought, 5. kuclih nahm, liech, na-chiz. 
Noun, s. ism. 

Nourish, v. palna, parvvarisli k. posna. 
Nourishei*, s. palne-w. parwar. [gu\var. 
Nourishing, a. pusht, muqauwi, kliush- 
Nourishment, s. parwarish, giza, khorak, 
Novel, a. nay a, nau, hal-ka. [khana. 
Novel, s. qissa, afsana. 
Novelty, s. nayapan, naurasi, nautarzi. 
Novice, s. nau-amoz, mubtadi, kacha- 
Novitiate, s. nau-amozi, shagirdi. [admi. 
Now, ad. ab, abhi, aknun, hala, iil-hal, 

bil-fial. 

Now-a-days, ad. aj-kal, in-dinon, dar- 
Nowhere, ad. kahin-nahin. [in-wila. 
Nowise, a. aslan, aslau-mutlaqan, kisi 

tarah-se nahin. [kar. 

Noxious, a. mufsid, muzirr, muzi, ziyan- 
Nudity, s. nanga-pan, barahnagi. 
Nugatory, a. be-mani, be-faida, la-hasil. 
Nuisance, s. muzirr, mukhill, wabal, azar. 
Null, a. batil, raddi, lahasil, mansukh. 
Nullify, v. batil k. radd k. mansukh k. 
Numb, s. thithra, sunn, be-hiss. [rakati. 
Numbness, s. thithrahat, be-hissi, be-ha- 
Number, s. ginti, shumar, adab, raqam 

handasa ; siga ; qafiya, saja, wazn. 
Number, v. ginna, hisab k. shumar k. 
Numberless, a. be-shumar, be-hisab. 
Numeration, s. shumar, tadad, ginti, jlm- 

i-hisab. 

Numerous, a. bahut, bisyar, wafir, kasir. 
Numerator, s. asli-adad, adad-i-sahih. 
Nuptial, a. nikahi, arusi, shadiyana, 

biyah-ka. 

Nuptials, s. nikah, shadi, biyah. [dar. 
Nurse, s. dai, dhai, dada, anni ; bimar- 
Nurse, v. dudh pilana, daigari k. palna ; 

bimar-dari k. 
Nursery, s. dai-khana, bacha-khana ; bih- 

naur, biar. 

Nurture, s. giza, parwarish ; tarbiyat. 
Nut, s. jauz ; betel-nut, supari. 
Nutcrackers, s. sarauta, sarota. 
Nutmeg, s. jauz, jae-phal. 



Nutriment, s. giza, parwarish, khorsk. 
Nun-it ion, s. parwarish. [da. 

Nutritious, a. pusht, muqauwi, parwarin- 
Nux-vomica, s. kuchla. 



O. 



Oak, s. balut, shah-balut. 

Oakum, s. gahni, paras, pat. 

Oar, s. eland, danr. 

Oar, v. dand marna. 

Oath, s. qasam, saugand, halaf. 

Obduracy, s. sang-dili, sakhti, adam-i- 

pashemani, sarkashi. [kash. 

Olidurate, a. sang-dil, sakht, magra, sar- 
Obedience, s. taat, itaat, farman-bardan, 

inqiyad. 
Obedient, a. farmaii-bardar, muti, tabi 

dar, munqad. 

Obeisance, s. salam, taslim, kornish. 
Obelisk, s. minar, lat, kandasa. [dari k. 
Obey, v. manna, farmanbardari k. tabi- 
Object, s. mazhar, manzar ; maqsud, ga- 

raz, inurad. 

Object, v. iatiraz k. uzr k. radd-i-kalam k. 
Objection, s. iatiraz, tariz, takrar, hujjat, 

irad. 

Objector, s. mutariz, hujjati, takrari. 
Oblation, s. sadqa, qurban, niyaz, nazr. 
Obligation, s. farz, farziyat, wajub, ahd, 

shart, qaul ; ihsan, minnat- 
Oblige, v. band k. aqd k. marhun-i-min- 

nat k. majbur k. ; ihsan k. minnat r. 

khatirdari k. 
Obliged, a. basta, multazim, majbur j 

mamnun, ihsan-mand. 
Obliging, a. khaliq, mulaim, latif. 
Oblique, a. tera, tirchha, kaj. 
Obliterate, v. metna, mitana, hakk k. 

mansukh k. 

Oblivion, s. faramoshf, nisyan. 
Oblong, a. murabba-i-mustatil, kitabi, 

baizawi, arz-se lamba. 
Obloquy, s. ilzam, tan, tashnia, malamat. 
Obnoxious, a. nautahammil, qabil, laiq, 

sazawar. 

Obscene, a. fahish, puch, napak. 
Obscenity, s. fuhsh, mugallaza, napaki. 



occ 



102 



OFF 



Obscure, a. andhera, tank ; mnshkil, 

muglaq ; adna, kamin j na-malum, be- 

nam. [laq k. 

Obscure, v. andhera k. mushkil k. mug- 
Obscurity, s. tariki, zulmat ; iglaq, dush- 

war-fahmi ; panham, khalwat. [rud. 
Obsequies, s. tajhiz-o-takfin, fatiha-du- 
Obsequious, a. farmanbardar, tabidar, 

mutia ; khayabardar. 
Observance, s. adab, ikram, itaat, khid- 

mat ; rasm, qaida, ain. 
Observation, s. lihaz, mulahaza, nigah ; 

guftar, kaha. 

Observatory, s. marsad-i-nujumi, rasad. 
Observe, u. deklma, takna, nigah k. mula- 
haza k. lihaz k. manna,riayatk. ; kahna. 
Observer, s. dekhne-w. nazir ; wafadar. 
Obsolete, a. matruk, mansukh, be-riwaj, 

gairmustamal. 

Obstacle, s. mana, sadd,hail, muzahamat. 
Obstinacy, s. magrai,machlai,tamarrud, 

sarkashi. 
Obstinate, a. magra, machla, mutamar- 

rid, sarkash, muanid ; qaim, mustaqill. 
Obstruct, v. rokna, band k. muzahamat 

k. taarruz k. masdud k. 
Obstruction, s. rok, sadd, muzahamat, 

mumanat, taarruz. 
Obtain, v. paua, milna, hasil k. muyassar 

k. maqsadr. ; murauwaj h. raij h. jarfh. 
Obtainable,a.muyassar,yaftani,dastyab, 

hasil-shudani. 

Obtained, a. mila-hua, uparjit, yafta. 
Obtrude, u. bejii-dakhl k. ya dakhil k. 

ghusana, bicli-men ajana. [paith. 

Obtrusion, s. beja-dakhlya dukhul, glius- 
Obtrusive, a. beja-dakhil, ghusne-w. gus- 

takh. 
Obtuse, a. kund, be-nok, be-sar ; kund- 

zilm, majhul. 

Obviate, v. talna, dafa h. rafa k. radd k. 
Obvious, a. zahir, ashkara, liuwaida, 

khula. 
Occasion, s. bajs, wasta ; darkar, iht iyaj ; 

la/imat, iqtiza ; fursat ; wacjia, lialar. 
Occasion, v. sabab h. paidii h. kai-'ma, 

bai-pa k. 
Occu3ioiially,acZ.kabht-kabhijgahe-gahe. 



Occult,a.chhipa,poshida,niakhff,muglaq. 
Occultation, s. sitarayasiyara-ka khusuf. 
Occupation, s. kam, kar, shugl, mash- 
gala, pesha ; dakhl, iqamat. 
Occupy, v. dakhl k. amal k. tasarruf k. 

lagana, istiamal k. mashgul k. 
Occur, v. hona, waqi h. parna, zahir h. 

dil-men ana, yad ana. fittifaq. 

Occurrence, s. sarguzasht, hadisa, waqia, 
Ocean, s. samundar, bahr-i-muhit, da- 

riyae-shor. 

Ochre, s. geru, pili-mitti. 
Octagon, s. hasht-pahlu, musaraman. 
Octave, s. samin, sumn, hashtum. 
Ocular, a. chasmi, ankh-ka; ba-chashra 

dfda, ankh-se dekha hua, mushahida. 
Oculist, s. kahhal, sathiya. 
Odd, a. phut, taq, fard ; ajib, garib ; 

khudsai', hawadar. [jadal. 

Odds, s. farq, tafriq ; galba, istila j siteza 
Ode, s. gazal, rekhta, qasida. 
Odious, a. na-pasand, karih, makruh ; 

kina-angez. [lamat. 

Odium, s. bad-khwahi, kma, nafrat, ma- 
Odoriferous, a. khush-bo, khush-bo-dar, 

muattar. 

Odour,s.bujkhushyabadbu, raiha, gandh. 
Of, pr. ka, ke, ki, se, men, haqq-naen. 
Off, ad. par-se, dur, bhag-gaya. [ri. 
Offal, s. fuzla, jhutha, akhor, ojhri, ant- 
Offence, s. gunah, taqsir, jurm, nuqsan, 

ziyan, azar ; bezari, ranjish, khal'a^i. 
Offend, v. bezar k. azar d.khafa k. : iaq- 

sir k. gunah k. qusur k. [da-dil. 

Offended, a. bezar, ranjida, khafa, azur- 
()ili'iul(M-,x. gunali^ar, taq8irwir,xnnjrim. 
Offensive, a. zabun, zisht, karih, napa- 

sand, muzirr. 
Offer, v. dena, ago r. nazr k. ; arz k. 

iqrar k. ; fida k. qurban k. j qasd k. 

zahir k. zahur h. 

Offer, s. bat, aiv., gu/arish ; qasd ; qimat. 
Offering, s. nazr, niyaz, charhavva, qur- 
ban. 
Office, s. khidmat, ami, uhda ; daftar- 

khaiiii ; qiimin, ai'n. 

Officer, s. uhda-dar, mansabdar ; sipah- 
salar, sardar. 



ONT 



103 



Official, a. hakimana, sarkari, khidmatf. 
OlHriato, r. khidmat bajana, niyabat k. 

iwa/i k. 

Officious, a. fuzul-khidmat, halbaliya. 
Offspring, ^-. aulad, far/and, nasl. 1 tatan. 
Oft, Often, ad. barha, barbar, aksar, da- 
Ogle, v. jhaonli 1. nazarbazi k. shewa, v. 
'kunkliiya deklma. [khiya. 

Ogling, s. jhaonli, nazarbazf, shewa, kan- 
Oh, int. ah ! aha, hae, wae, wah. 
Oil, s. tel, rangan, duhn. 
Oilman, s. toli, raugan-farosh, kolu. 
Oilpress, s. kolu ; gham. 
Oily, a. teliyii, raugani, chikna. 
Ointment,s. marham,mom-raugan, duhn. 
Old, a. purana, qadim, kuhan, kuhna j 

salkhurda, saldida, pir, burha,-iya. 
Old-age, s. piri, burhapa. 
Olive, s. zaitun, jalpiii. 
Omen, s. fal, yainan, shugun. [hus. 

Ominous, a. bad-fal, bad-shugun, man- 
Omission, s. bhul, chuk, qusur, gaflat. 
Omit, v. bhulna, chukna, chhorna, hazf k. 
Omnipotent, a. qadir-i-mutlaq, jabbar. 
Omnipotence, s. qudrat-i-mutlaq, qadiri. 
Omnipi-eseuce, s. sab-kahin haziri, hai- 

siyat. 
Omnipresent, a. sab-kahin hazirya mau- 

jud, dar hai'-ja. [hama shinasi. 

Omniscience, s. ilm-i-knll, ilm-i-gaib, 
Omniscient, a. alim-ul-gaib, khabir-ul- 

mutlaq, hama-shinas. 
On, pr. pai-, upar, bar, ko, men, dar, naz- 
On, ad. age, barhke. [dik. 

Once, ad. ekbar, ekdafa, ek martaba, 

bare, ekwaqt ; age, peshtar, sabiq j at 

once, ekbarg), dafatan. 
One, a. ek, yak, wahid, ek shakha. 
One-eyed, a. kana, yak-chashm. 
Oneness, s. ekta, yaktai, ahadiyat, wah- 

dat ; yagauagi. 
.One's-self, p. ap, khud, nafs. 
Onerous, a. bhari, giran, dusliwar, sakht. 
Onion, s. piyaz, basal, gatha. 
Only, ad. sirf, mahz, faqat, khali, nii'a. 
Only, a. eklauta, ekla, yakta, yagana, ek. 
Onset, s. hamla, hujuni, halla. 
JDntology, s. ilm-i-maujudat. 



Onward, ml. ago, barliko, peshtar, b.i- 
<)ny\, x. sanu--i-snlaini;ini. [tadrfj. 

Oo/.i', s. c-halila, kichar : >'. risna, jliarna. 
Opaque, a. kasif, na-shaH'at', dliundhla. 
( )j)(>n, a. khula, kushada, vva/ ; /ahir, ash 

kara; raushan; be-sadd, be-hissar. 
Opcn,i.kholna,pasarna,phailana,udlior- 

na : /ahir k. kashf k. batlana, dikhana ; 

cliii-na, katna ; shuni k. ; khilna. [da. 
Opening, s. shigaf, darar,rah ; shuru,ibti- 
Opening, ad. zahiran, khula-khula, ash- 

kara, zahir-men. [hiri. 

Openness, s. kushadagi, safai, sadagi, za- 
Operate, v. asar k. tasir k. kam k. amal k. 
Operation, s. asar, tasir ; kam, amal, kar- 

gnzari; harkat ; kar-i-jarrah, jarrahi. 
Operator, s.fail, kargar,karguzar;jarrah. 
Operose, a. ranjawar, dusliwar, mihnat- 

talab. [afyun. 

Opiate, s. khwab-bakhsh dawa, majun-i- 
Opinion, s. rae, fikr, zann, qiyas, guraan, 

khiyal. [magra. 

Opinionative, a. khud-rae,-bin,-pasand, 
Opium, s. afyun, afim, tiriyaq. 
Opponent, s. mukhalif, muddaf, harff. 
Opportune, a. bar-waqt, ain-waqt, ba- 

mauqa, muiiasib, muwafiq. [mauqa. 
Opportuuity,s. fursat, waqt,qabu, mahall, 
Oppose, v. mukhalafat k. muqawama-t k. 

muzahamat k. muqabala k. rokna, at- 

kana. 
Opposite, a. samne, muqabil, ru ba ru, 

bar-aks ; nmkhalif, zidd. 
Opposite, s. mukhalif, dushman. 
Opposition, s. muqabalat, muqawamat, 

mukhalafat, tarruz. [dasti k. 

Oppress, v. satana, zulm k. jafa k. zabar- 
Oppression, s. zulm, zabardasti, jabr, 

taddi, jaur, sitam, aziyat, zulmiyat. 
Oppressor, s. zalim, sitamgar, jafakai', 

mardum-azar. [y u ^> zabun. 

Opprobrious, a. mulamati, dushnami, ma- 
Optative,a.khwahish-numa,mutamaniu. 
Optics, s. jlm-i-mana/ara-o-niaraya. 
Optional, a. ikhtiyari, mar/i-ki mutabiq. 
( hmlenee, s. daulat, tawangari, maldari. 
Opulent,a.daulatmand,tawangar,inaldar 
Or, c } ysi, Id, chaho, na, war-ua. 



OEN 



104 



OVE 



Oracle, s. sukhan-i-khudai ; dana, aqil. 
Oral, a. zabani, munh-bola. 
Orang-outang, s. jangli admi, maimun. 
Orange, s. narangi, naranj, sangtara, 

rangtara, kaula. 

Oration, s. sukhan, guftar, taqrfr, khitab. 
Orator, s. sukhan-saz, pardazwar, khush- 

taqrir. 
Oratory, s. sukhanrani, zabanawarf, 

khushtaqriri, fasahat ; ibadat-khana. 
Orb, s. charkh, daira, kura, gardun. 
Orbit, s. daur, daira, gardish - } chashm- 

khana. 

Orchard, *. bag, bagicha, samaristan. 
Ordain, v. thahrana, muqarrar k. muai- 

yari k. farman k. 
Ordeal, s. ag ya pani-se azmaish. 
Order, s. tartib, tadbir, intizam ; qaida, 

qanun, hukm, farman ; qaum, zat, dar- 

ja, martab. 
Order, v. tartfb k. intizam k. tadbir k. ; 

hukm k. farmana, muqarrar k. [kin. 
Orderly, a. ba-tartib, arasta, baqaida, sa- 
Ordinance, s. shara, qanun, qaida, am, 

hukm. [4 m J past, haqir. 

Ordinary, a. rasmf, arnaii, raij, chalani, 
Ordination, s. taqlid. 
Ordnance, s. top, top-khana. 
Ordure, s. guh, chirkin, bishtha. 
Ore, s. filizz, madani, dhat. 
Organ, s. alat, azu ; argunun. [k. 

Organize, u. tarkib k. murattab k. arasta 
Oriental, a. mashraqi, sharqi, piirbi. 
Orifice, s. munh, surakh, chhed. 
Origin, "I s. asl, bunyad, bckh, masdar ; 
Original, j nasl, nasab, nizhad, musau- 

wada, namuna. [la. 

Original, a. aslf, zati, jibilli, auwal, pah- 
Originally, ad. ibtidaan, asalatan, auwa- 

lan, pahlo. 
Originate, v. paida k. maujud k. ; wajud 

pakarna, shunt h. asl 1. [araish. 

Ornament, s. zob, zebaish, zowar, /iu;it, 
Ornament, v. aVasta k. zeb-o-zfnat d. 

araish d. sanvvarna. [bakhsh. 

Ornamental, a. araishi, zobawar, zinat.- 
Ornamentod, . arasta, niuzaiyan, zeb- 

dar, murassa, raugin. 



Ornithology, s. tazkirat-i-tuyur, parind- 
Orphan, s. yatim, murha. [nama. 

Orpiment, s. zarnikh, hartal. 
Orthodox,a. mumiu,dindar, sachcha,rast. 
Orthography, s. rasm-i-khatt, imla. 
Ortolan, s. bageri, bagrel. 
Oscillation, s. dulao, jhulao, tharthari. 
Ostensible, a. zahir, numayan, suri. 
Ostentation, s. khudnumai, tafakh-khur, 

lafzani. [zan. 

Ostentatious, a. khudnuma, fakhir, laf- 
Osteology, s. haddi-ka bayan, tashrih-ul- 
Ostler, s. sais, sais. [izam. 

Other, p. dusra, aur, gair, digar. 
Otherwise, ad. nahin-to, warna, wagar- 

na ; aur-tarah-se, kuchh-aur. 
Otter, s. udbilao, sag-abi, mahigir. 
Ought, s. kuchh, koi-chiz. [wajib. 

Ought, v. chahiye, zurur, lazim, laiq, 
Ounce, s. adhi-chhatank, do-tola. 
Our, Ours, p. hamara, apna. 
Ourselves, p. ham, ap, apas. 
Out, ad. bahar, berun ; kharij ; bujha 

gaya ; kharch-hua ; pukar-ke. 
Out, int. dur! chale-jao ! chal-nikalo ! 
Outcast, s. awara, kharij, mardud, randa. 
Outer, a. bahari, beruni. 
Outlandish, a ajnabi, garib, berawaj. 
Outlaw, s. kharij-i-shara, bagi, wajib- 

ul-qatl. [makhraj. 

Outlet, s. nikas, baramad, munluuia, 
Outline,s.naqsha,khaka,dhanc]ia,khari;'i. 
Outlive, v. jita-raima, ziyada jma. 
Outnumber, v. hisab-men ziyada h. adad- 

men bayhna. [bardasti. 

Outrage, s. zulm, sitam, jafa, jaur, za- 
Outright, ad. pura, saf, hi ; jab-ka tab. 
Outrun, r. daur-iucn pichhe k. [surat. 
Outside, s.bahnr,ui)jir,bahar-taraf, zahir, 
Outstrip, v. pirlilic c-hhorua, nikal-jana. 
Outward, a. bahnri, bi-ruiii, zahiri. 
Outwardly,aJ.zahiran ; sur;u-ana,dikhai. 

jiu>n. 

Outwit, v. kiin kdtnu, fareb-so harana. 
Oval, a. anda-sa, bai/.awi, badaiui. 
Oven, s. tanur, tandur, bhar. 
( )vcr, pr. upar, par, biila. 
Over, ad. par ; ziyada, afzud, beshi ; 



OVE 



105 



PAG 



agoAiist, rubaru, sanmo ; and over, 

barbar ; i!;;<'<//, digarbar, baz. 
Overanxious, a. bisyar andcsha-uak, fu- 

zul-fiki-mand. 

Overawe, r. darana, clabana, dalishat d. 
Overbalance, u.jhukua, wa/.n-nuMj /iyada 
Overbearing, a. turk-nmnj. /.abardast.[h. 
( Jverboard, ail. jahaz-so biihar. 
Overcast, v. chhana, andhcra k. 
Overcast, a. undhera, ghanghor. 
Overcharge, v. ziyada qimat charhana ; 

ziyada bojh d. ya bharna. 
Overcome, v. maglub k. fatah k.[sailab k. 
Overflow, r-.chhalakna, uniadmi, labrezh. 
Overflown, a. umdji hua,dubahua, labrez. 
Overgrown, a. bahut barh-gaya, phail- 

gaya. 

Overhaul, v. phir dekhna, phir taftish k. 
Overhear, u. sun-lena, chupka sunna, su- 

khan-chin h. 

Overjoy, u. bahut khush k. bag-bag k. 
Overjoyed, a. khushdil, dilshad, bagbag. 
Overlay, v. dhampna, dabna. 
Overleap, u. par-kudua, kud-parna. 
Overload, v. bahut bojh charhana, bhari k . 
Overlook, v. dekhna, nazar k. taftish k. ; 

chashmposhi k. darguzar k. anakani k. 

gaflat k. [ziyada. 

Overmuch, a. bahut, nihayat, hadd-se 
Overnight, s. pahlirat, auwal-i-shab,guzri 

rat. [yat. 

Overplus, s. barti, ziyadatf, baqf, baqi- 
Overpower, v. maglub k. zer k. dabana. 
Overrate, v. ba-qimat ziyada andeshak. 

wajibi-se ziyada samajhna. 
Overreach, v. thagna, daga d. fareb k. 
Overrule, v. zabt-o-rabt k. hukumat k. ; 

radd k. katna. [phail-jana. 

Overrun, v. takht k. taraj k. wiran k. ; 
Oversee, v. nigahbani k. taqaiyud k. 

nazr k. [nigahban. 

Overseer, s. peshkar, daroga, karguzar, 
Overset, u. ulat d. ya jana, aundhana, 

wazgun k. [bani, nazar. 

Oversight, s. chuk, galati, bhul ; nigah- 
Oversleep, v. dertak-sona, bahut so jana. 
Overspread, r. chhana, phailana, bharna, 
Overstock, v. bharpur k. patna.[saiiab k. 



Overt, a. zahir, ashkara, khula. [an6. 
Ovi-rtakc, r. paliunchna, pakar 1. banikir 
Overt liro\v, /. gir.-i d. ulat d. paemal k. 

shikast d. maglub k. 
( )vcrt!iro\v, t s. shikast, hazimat; kharabf, 

paemali. [lab. 

Overture, s. arz, bat, sawal, izhar-mat- 
Overturn, v. ulat d. palat d. aundhana, 

zcrzabar k. [na, garq k. 

Overwhelm, u. daba d. ya mania, duba- 
Oviparous, a. andaj, andel, baiza-guzar. 
Owe, u. dharna, dharana, qarzdar h. 
Owl, s. ullu,bum,pencha,ghughua, chugd. 
Own, p. apna, khud-ka, nij-ka, khass. 
Own, v. apuana, malik h. tasarruf r. ; qa- 

bulua, iqrar k. qail h. ; dawa k. 
Owner, s. malik, khawind, sahib, \varis, 
Ox, s. badhiya, bail. [haqqdar. 

Oyster, s. kastura, sadaf. 



P. 



Pace, s. qadam, gam, raftar, yarga. 
Pace, v. ahista chalna, yarga chalna j qa- 

dam-se napna. 

Pacific, a. sulh-saz, salim, milapi, mulaim. 
Pacification, s. musalaha taskin, milap. 
Pacificator,s.muslih,sulh-kar,taskin-dih. 
Pacified, pa. thanda, salim, aramida. 
Pacify, v. thanda k. tasalli d. taskin d. 

sulhk. ' 
Pack, s. gattha, basta ; bojh, bar ; ganji- 

fa ; jatha, taifa. [petna. 

Pack, n. gatthiyana, bandhna, kasna, la- 
Pack-cloth, s. bethan, lifafa. 
Packet, s. potli, gathi, puhiida ; dak-ki 

thaili ; jahaz. 

Packthread, s. sutli, dorf, rassi. 
Pad, s. gaddi, khogir ; naram-rau ghora. 
Paddle, s. bathiya, (land. 
Paddle, v. bathiya mama j abbazi k. 
Padlock, s. tala, qufl. 
Paddy, s. dhan, dhani. 
Pa3an, s. karka, shadiyana. 
Pagan, s. but-parast, mushrik, kafir. 
Paganism, s. but-parasti, shirk, kufr. 
Page, s. khawass, gulam ; safha, sahifa. 
Pageant, s, tainasha, uiaiizar, pekhiia. 



106 



PAR 



Pageantry, s. numaish, hashmat, dhum- 
Pagoda, s. but, but-khana. [dham. 

Paid, a. ada-kiya, diya-gaya. 
Pail, s. dol, dohni, kathauti. 
Pain, s. dard, dukh, ran], pfr, azar, gam. 
Pain, v. dukhua, dukhana, pirana, dard 

k. dukh d. [dayi, dushwar. 

Painful, a. pur-dard, dard-angez, dukh- 
Pains, s. mihnat, sai ; dard-i-zih. 
Paint, s. rang, raugan ; gaza, safeda. 
Paint, v. rang d. ya bharna ; naqsha ya 

taswir ya. shabih khainchna ; bayan k. 
Painted, a. munaqqash, rang kiya. 
Painter, s. rangsaz ; naqqash, musauwir. 
Painting, s. rang-sazi ; ilm-i-naqqashi, 

taswir-kashi ; taswir, naqsh. 
Pair, s. jora, juft, jot, zauj. 
Pair, r. jorna, juft k. ya h. niilna, zauji k. 
Palace, s. daulat khana, bargah, dargah, 
Palankeen, s. palki, nalki. [qasar. 

Palatable, a. mazadar,laziz,khusli-zaiqa. 
Palate, s. talu, mazaq, kam.. 
Palatine, a. talvi-ka. 

Pale, a. zard, pila, sitna, phika, berang. 
Pale, s. khamba, danda,mekh; bar, hadd. 
Paleness, s. zardi, pilai, phikai. 
Palisade, s. kathara, kathgara, bara. 
Pall, s. chaddar, kafan. [ka k. 

Palliate, u. tizr-se khafif k.taklifif k. hal- 
Pallid, a. zard, nila-pila. 
Palm, s. tar, khajur ; fatah ; hathali, kaff- 

i dast, char-angul. 

Palraa-Christi, s. arand, rendi, rand. 
Palmistry, s. dast-shinasi, samudrik. 
Palpable, a. qabil-ul-lauis, zahir, sarih ; 

shadid. 
Palpitate,.dharakna,dhardharana,dhak- 

dhakana, kampna. [faqan. 

PalpitationjS.dharak/lhnrdharaliatjkha- 
Palsied, a. falijdar, mafh'ij, shall, sitangi. 
Palsy, s. falij, rasha, shall, sitang, laqwa. 
Paltry, a. nakara, nikamma, past, haqi'r. 
Pamper, v. clihakana, naz-o-niamat-se 

palna, ser k. 

Pamphlet, s. risala, chhoti kitab. 
Can, *. taba, tas, karahi, basan : ]>iy:'ila-i- 
Panacea, 5. ilaj-i-mutla(|. [bunduq. 

Pancake, s, malpua, kuku. 



Pander,s.bharwa,kutna.dal]al,qaltabsn. 
Pane,s.aina,parkala,shisha-i-chaugosha. 
Panegyric, s. madah, sana, tanf, wasf. 
Panegyrist, s. madah, sanakhwan, tarif- 
Pang, s. ran], alain, koft, naza. [go. 
Panic, s. haibat, haul, hiras. 
Pannel, s. takhta-i-chaugosha ; palan. 
Pannier, s. kanchha, jhauwa, tokra. 
Pant, v. hamphna ; tarasna. 
Pantaloons, s. paejama, izar. 
Pantheon, s. sab debtaon-ka mandir. 
Panther, s. chita, palang. [khana. 

Pantry, s. bhandai-, aiibar- khana, modi- 
Pap, s. bhitnf, sar-i-pistan, pistanjijiya; 

lapsi, liipri, faluda. 
Papa, s. baba, bap. 
Paper, s. kagaz, qirtas. 
Paper-maker, s. kagazi, kagazgar. 
Par, s. musawat, barabari. 
Parable, s. masal, tainsil, mutashabih. 
Parabolical, a. tamsil-war,tamsil-sekaha 

hua. 
Parade,s. numaish.hashmat,dhumdham ; 

qawaidgah, safgah, maidan. 
Paradise, s. firdaus, jannat, bihisht, adan. 
Paradox, s. bat jo zahiri-men baid-ul-aql 

malum ho ; tarif khilaf-i-zahirf. 
Paragraph, s. fiqra, qita, fasl. 
Parallel, a. barabar, musawf, muazi. 
Paralog'ism,s.sabab-i-behaqiqatjburhan 

i-narast. 
Paralysis, s. falij, rasha, shall, laqwa. 

Paralytic, a. mafliij, shall, adhangi. 

Paramount, a. bara, sadr-nishiu, bartar, 
aulatar. 

Paramour, s. yar, ashna, ashiq, mashuqa* 

Parapet, x. 1'asil, kaognra, sina-panah. 

I > ara])hrase 3 s. taijuma-ba-tafsil, tafsfr, 
sharh. [tufail. 

Parasite, s. khushamadi, rikabi-mazhab, 

Parasdl, .s-. c-hhatri. 

I'arlioil, r. nimjosli k. adhkacha paknna. 

Parcel, g. basta, buqchi, pulinda, gatlin j 
para, hissa, (jata. 

Pai'di, r bhinina, biryun k. jhulas d. 

Parched graiji, x. blmjiia, khil. 

Parchment, 8. ra'iq, molii, dafti. 

1'urdon, 6 - , muaf, ai u ; auiurzish, bakhshish. 



PAR 



107 



PAT 



Pardon, u. itmaf k. afu k. bakhshna, dar- 

guzar k. [maziir. 

Pardonable, a. qabil-ul-afu, laiq-i-muaf, 
Pare, v. chhilna, katarna, tarashna. 
Parent, s. ma ya bap, walid ya walida. 
Parentage, s. asl, nasl, nasab, khandan. 
Parental, a. walidana, padari , madari, far- 
Parenthesis, s. jumla-i-mutariza. [zandi. 
Paring, s. katran, chhilan, tarasha. 
Parish, s. tappa, parganna. [hat. 

Parity, s. barabarj, mushawat, mushaba- 
Park, s. ramna, shikargah, mirg-sala ; 

top-khana. 
Parley, s. jawab-sawal, guft-o-gu. 
Parliament, s. qaumi majlis ; diwan-i-am 

o diwan-i-khass. 
Parlour, s. dardalan, dalan. 
Paroquet, s. tuti, sua, tota. 
Paroxysm, s. naubat, halat, ban, galba. 
Parricide, s. qatl-i-pidar ; qatil-i-pidar. 
Parrot, s. tota, tuti, sua, nuri. 
Parry, v. ar d. bachana, dafa k. baz r. 
Parsimonious,a.juzras,tangdast,kifayati. 
Parsimony,s.juzrasi,tangdasti,kam-khar- 
Parsley, s. ajmod, karafs bastani. [chi. 
Parson, s. padri, khadim-i-din. 
Part, s. para, purza, qata ; juz, bahra, 

hissa, bakhra, bhag ; taraf, janib 5 kam, 

atnal, khidmat. 
Part, v. bantna, hissa k. taqsim k. juda k. 

ya h. alag k. ya h. torna, tutna ; chhor- 

na, tark k. dena ; wida k. rukhsat 1. 
Partake, v. hissa 1. sharik h. 
Partaker, s. hissa-dar, sharik, sathi. 
Partial, a.taraf-dar,janibdar, mail; gair- 

amim, na-mutlaq, gair-shamil. 
Partiality, s. taraf-dari, janibdari, mail ; 

be-insafi. 

Partially, acZ.tarafdari-se;na-tamamana. 
Participate, v. hissadar h. sharik h. 
Participation, s. hissa-darj, sharakat, 

bahra- dari. 

Participial, a. ism-i-fail-i-mansub. 
Participle, s. ism-i-fail ; ism-i-maful. 
Particle, s. tu k , zarra, reza, shamma ; harf. 
Particular, a. khass, makhsus, namutlaq; 

mufrad, mufassal ; ajib, tuhfa ; hawa- 

dar, hamrazj hamdam. 



Particularly, ad. mufassalana, tafsilana 

khususan ; nihayat, bagayat. [garoh. 
Partisan,s.taraf-dar,darnang]r,rafi(| ; s;ir- 
Partition, s. taqsim, tafriq, iqtisam ; liijub, 

diwar-takht. [wi. 

Partly, ad. kuchh, thora, kuchh-ek, juz- 
Partner, s. sharik, musharik, hissa-dar, 

bakhra-dar. 
Partnership, s. sharakat, shirk at, musha- 

rakat, shamilat, sajha. 
Partridge, s. titar, durraj, kabak. 
Parts, s. wasf, istiadad, firasat, idrak ; 

atrif, aqalim. 

Parturition, s. janna, paidasazi. 
Party, s. majlis, garoh, jamaat, jatha, ri- 

sala ; taraf, janib ; fariq ; shakhs. 
Party-coloured, a. rangarang, gunagun, 

buqalmun. 
Pass, v. jana, chalna, guzarna, par k. ; 

jata rahna, guzar-jana ; akhir h. ; ni- 

barna ; katna, gawana ; jari k. muqar- 

rar k. ; tark k. chhorna ; marna ; ziya- 

da h. ; chalan h. raij h. [khod ; halat. 
Pass, s. gali, ghati, naka ; parwana ; zarb, 
Passable, a. qabil-i-guzar j aisa-waisa, 

bain-bain. 
Passage, s. guzr, rawarau, guzara, rasta, 

rah ; sair, safar ; zamane-ki guzarish j 

maqal, maqala. 

Passenger, s. musafir, rahgir, rahi, sawar. 
Passion, s. khasham, gazab ; shauq, ishq, 

shahwat,josh;ha~sva-o-hawas,nafsjarzu. 
Passionate, a. atashmizaj, tundkho, zud- 

ranj, garam, arzumand. [majhul. 

Passive, a. mutahammil, burdbar ; maful, 
Passj3ort, s. rawana, parwana-i-rahdari. 
Past, a. guzashta, guzara, gaya, salaf, 
Paste, s. leyi, ahar, marni, mandf.[mazi. 
Pasteboard, s. wasli, daftm. 
Pastern, s. theona, ghuti. 
Pastime, s, tamasha, bazi, khel, tafarruj. 
Pastor, s. chaupan ; hadi, murshid. 
Pastoral, a. chaupam ; murshid-ka. 
Pastry, s. sambosa, khaja, nan-i-raugan. 
Pasture, s. charzigah, alafzar ; chara,cha 
Pat, a. laiq, sh&ista, durust, tln'k. [rai. 
Pat, v. zarb-i-subuk marna, thapna. 
Patch, s, para, pahiand, jor, ruqa. 



PAY 



108 



PEL 



Patch, v. jorna, paiwand lagana. 
Pate, 5. sar, sir, khopri. 
Patent, s. sanad,farman,parwana, barat. 
Paternal, a. pidari, pidarana, abai. 
Path, s. rah, rasta, bat, sarak. 
Pathetic, a. dil-soz, dil-doz, jigar-soz ya 

doz, jan-gudaz, dard-angez. 
Pathless, a. be-rah, be-guzara, be-tariq. 
Pathos, s. hararat ; jan-gudazi, khatir- 

kashi, lutf. 
Patience, s. sabr, saburi, tahammul, shi- 

keb, bardasht, burd-bari. 
Patient, a. sabir, sabur, mntahammil, 

shikeba, burdbar. 

Patient, s. mariz, bimar, alii, [kebana. 
Patiently, ad. sabr-se, burdbari-se, shi- 
Patriarch, *. buzurg, peshma. [di. 

Patrimonial, a. maurusi, mirasi, abai, jad- 
Patrimony, s. miras, irs, milk, [watan. 
Patriot, s. watan-dost, sahib-i-hubb-ul- 
Patriotisrn,s.watan-dosti,hubb-ul-watan. 
Patrol, s. sharb-gard, pasban-i-shab, ha- 

ris-ul-lail. > [ban, waliniamat. 

Patron, s. murabbi, dastgii', hami, pushti- 
Patronage, s. murabbigari, dastgiri, h- 

mayat, pnshti. [rabbi h. 

Patronise, v. dastgiri k. himayat d. mu- 
Patronymic, a. abai laqab, khitab. 
Patter, v. parparana, tapak marna, char- 

charana. 

Pattern, s. namuna, narnudar, peshwa. 
Paucity, s. kamti, ghatti, qillat. 
Pauper, s. muflis, nadar, raiskin, faqir. 
Pause, s. waqfa, tawaqquf, faragat ; shu- 

bha, shakk, taraddud. 
Pause, v. tawaqquf k. faragat k. fikr k. 

taraddud k. taammul k. 
Pave, v.farsh-b;ui(lik. kharanjabandhna. 
Pavement, s. farsh, kharanja, rasta pat- 

thar-se bandha hua. 
Pavilion, s. khiina, shamiyana, sayaban. 
I'aw, *. panja, cliangul, paon. 
Pawn, v. girau r. girwi r. marhun r. rilm 

k. bandhak r. 
Pay,s.talab,tankhwah ; iiijiln'na, musha- 

hira ; saliyana ; roxina ; )iia/.duri. 
Pay, v. ada k. patiimi, iruwir k. ; njr k. 

qmiatd.j tukiii'k.juriuiuuu d.j uiurnu. 



Payable, a. dena, wajib-ul-adfi. 
Payday, s. tankhwah-ka roz, talab-ka din. 
Paymaster, s. bakhshi, khazanchi. 
Payment, s. ada, patai, guzarish, ajr, wafa. 
Pea, s. matar, china. [atnan ; aram. 

Peace, s. sulh, salah, musalaha, ashti, 
Peaceable, a. sulh-andesh, salim, mulaim. 
Peaceful, a. asuda, sakin, be-fasad, chup. 
Peace-maker, s. sulh-kar, muslih. 
Peace-offering, s. salami-ke zabih. 
Peach, s. shaft-alii, shaft-ranj, aru. 
Peacock, s. mor, taus. 
Peahen, s. morni. [nok. 

Peak, s. chonti, sikhar, sar-i-koh, qulla ; 
Peal, s. thahaka, gargarahat; tantanahat. 
Pearl, s. moti, durr, liilu, gauhar. 
Pearly, a. motiha, durrasa, gauharwar. 
Peasant, s. gamvar,kisan, dihqani,rostai. 
Pease, s. matar. 
Pease-cod, s. matar-ka chhilka. 
Pebble, s. sangi-eza, kankar, rora. [na. 
Peck, v. chilhorna, chikorna, chonchmar- 
Pectoral, a. sadri, sine-ka, chhati-ka. 
Peculiar, a. khass, makhsus ; ajib, nirala. 
Peculiai-ity, s. khasiyat, khususiyat. 
Pecuniary, a. naqdi, zar-mansub, paise- 
Podagogue, s. ustad, akhuu, mulla. [ka. 
Pedant, s. alim-i-khudfarosh, lugat-go, 

gurh-bakta. 

Pedestal, s. pae-situn, bun-i-situn. 
Pedicle, s. bont, danthi, danthal, saq. 
Pedigree, s. nasb, asl, silsila, puslit 
Pedlar, s. bisati, pliariya, dast-farosh, 

khurda-farosh. 

Peel, v. chhilua, chhilka utarna ; lutna. 
Peel, s. chhal, chhilka, post, qishr. [ke. 
Peep, s. nazar, lainha, jliank ; nui'-ka-tar- 
I'cc'j), u. jhankna ; nax.ar-ana, nikal-;ina. 
Peer, s. httmiMDr, hamqadr ; amir, shunt'. 



, <.!. bo-na/.ir, bi'-misal, lasani. 
Peevish,a.chircliira,/j'i(li-;uii,tunuk-i)i]7.nj. 
Peevishness, s. chirchirahat, zudranji. 
. inckh, watad, khonta, khouti. 
I'l-lf, 8. nial, (laulat, paisc. 
IV-lican, s. liawasil, niahi-khur 
Pellet, s. gulela, gulla, gulf. 
Tclliclc, s. jhilli, cliliuh. 



PER 



109 



PER 



Pell-mell, ad. kasal-masal, dalmal. 
Pellucid, a. shaft af, saf, nirmal. 
Pelt, v. phenk-rnarria. 
Pelvis, s. kokh, perii, pae-shikam. 
Pen, s. qalam, khama, likhni ; ihata,bara. 
Pen, u. band k. mundna; likhria. [diid. 
Penal, a. sazai, taziri, ibrati ; laws, hu- 
Peiialty, 5. saza, tawan, jarimana, dand. 
Penance, s. kafara, tauba, tazir. 
Pence, s. paise. [lam. 

Pencil, s. mii-qalain ; salai, surme-ka qa- 
Pendant, s. aweza, jhumka, karanphul ; 

nishau, badnuma, dhaja. 
Pending,a. muallaqi,multfiwi,be-faisala. 
Pendulum, s. ghari-ka latkan. 
Penetrable, a. munikin-i-nafaz, nafz-pa- 
zfr, chhedne-jog. 

Penetrate, v. chhedna, chonkna, ghusna, 
dakhl k. ; daryaft k. samajhna. 

Penetration, s. dakhl, nafaz ; tezfahmi, 
ziraki, firasat. 

Peninsula, s. jazira, praya-dwip. 

Penis, s. falana, alat, zakar, dandi.[afsos. 

Penitence,*, tauba, nadamat,pashemani, 

Penitent, a. tauba-kar, nadinx, pasheman, 
mustagfir. 

Penitentiary, s. qaid-khana, taubagah. 

Penknife, s. qalam-tarash, chaqu. [tib. 

Penman, s. khush-nawis ; musannif, ka- 

Pennant, s. pharahra, dliaja, nishan. 

Penniless, a. be-zar, muflis. [do-rati. 

Penny, s. taka, angrezi paisa ; weight^ 

Pension, s. wazifa, uluf'a, wajh-i-guzran. 

Pensioner, s. wazifa-dar, jagir-dar, rozi- 
na-dar. [fakkir, dil-gir. 

Pensive, a. fikrmand, andeshanak, muta- 

Pentateuch, s. tauret ya taurit. 

Penultima, s. hija ma qabl akhir. 

Penurious, a. tang-dast ya dil, bakhil. 

Penury, s. tang-dasti, munisi, ihtiyaj, 
maskanat. [khalaiq. 

People, s. log, admi, ashkhas, khalq, 

People, v. abaci k. basaria, marnur k. 

Pepper, s. filfil, mirch, pipal. 

Peppermint, s. pudina, nana. [bada. 

Peradventure, ad. shayad, ittifaqan, ma 
Perambulate, u. phirna, sair k. 
Perceivable, a. zahir, namud. 



Perceive, v. dekhna, dekhpana, pahchan- 

na, daryaft k. malurn k. 
Perceived, a. maliim, dckha-gaya. [zir. 
Perceptible, a. zahir, ashkara, ujizar-pa- 
Perception, s. basarat, daryaft, idrak, wu- 

quf, samajh, bujh. [jhanhar. 

Perceptive, a. mudrik, daryaft-ka, sum- 
Perch, s. chakkas ; qism-i-mahi. 
Perch, v. baithna, labud k. 
Perchance, ad. shayad, ittifaqan. 
Percipient, a. see Perceptive. 
Percolate, v. chhanna, saf k. 
Percussion, s. zarb, sadma, takkar. 
Perdition, s. tabahi, halakat. 
Peregrination, s. safar, musafarat, gurbat. 
Peremptory, a. qati, natiq, shafi, la-radd. 
Perennial, a. daim, mudami, paedar, bara- 

masiya. 
Perfect, a. kamil, pura, tamam, mukam- 

mal, musallam ; be-aib, tahir, pak . 
Perfect, v. pura k. tamam k. ; kamil k. 

nibarna. [fauqiyat. 

Perfection, s. kamaliyat,takmil,tamami, 
Perfectly, ad. kamilaua, kamal martaba, 

fazilana, achhi tarah-se, bil-kull. 
Perfidious, a. namak-haram, be-wafa, 

khain, gaddar. [wafai. 

Perfidy, s. khiyanat, namak-harami, be- 
Perforate, v. chhedna, bedhna, surakh k. 
Perforation, s. chhed, surakh raklma. 
Perform, v. karna, banana, nibahna, ba- 

sar lejana, baja-lana, ada k. wafa k. ; 

saz nawaz k. [kam ; tasnif. 

Performance, s. ifa, ada, nibah, amal, 
Performer, s. karne-w. karta, fail, kunin- 

da ; pardaz, nawaz, sazinda. 
Perfume, s. khushbui, atr, raiha, bakhur. 
Perfumer, s. atr farosh, attar. [hoga. 
Perhaps, a. shayad, ittifaqan, qazara, 
Peril, s. khatra, khauf, dar, dahshat. [tiak. 
Perilous, a. khatar-nak, khauf-nak, haul- 
Pei'iod, s. daur, gardish, zamana, waqtj 

akhirat, anjam ; jumla, fiqra. 
Periodical, a. dauri, gardishi, naubati, 

fasli, mausami, ayami. [tiil-i-kalam. 
Periphrasis, s. pech-pach, gardish-i-lafzi. 
Perish, v. marna, nest-o-nabud h. halak 
h. tabah li. 



PER 



110 



PES 



Perishable, a. fani, zail, na-paedar, be- 

baqa. 

Perjure, v. jhuthi qasam khana. [rog. 
Perjury, s. jhuthi qasam, saugand-i-da- 
Permanent, a.paedar,qaim, mustahkam, 

lazawal. 
Permanently, ad. paedari-se, qaiman, be- 

dawam. 

Permission, s.ijazat,raza,parwanag],izn. 
Per mit,s. parwana, rawana 3 chhor chitthi. 
Permit, v. ijazat d. parwanagi d. rawa r. 

qabul k. 

Permutation, s. tabdil, tabaddul, iwaz. 
Pernicious, a. muzir, zabun, mufsid, mu- 

khill, muhlik. 

Perpendicular,^, khara, mustaqim,amud. 
Perpetrate, v. karna, harakat k. irtikab 

k. gunah k. [sazi. 

Perpetration, s. irtikab, karna, gunah- 
Perpetual, a. daimi, mudam, jawidan, is- 

timrari. [abadan. 

Perpetually, ad. hamesha, aladdawam, 
Perpetuate, v. daim r. qaim 1. mudawa- 

mat d. istimrari k. 
Perpetuity, s. hameshagf, mudawamat, 

dawam, daimi, pacdaii, istimrar, sabat. 
Perplex, v. ghabrana, hairan k. uljhana, 

pareshan k. 

Perplexed, a. ghabraya-hua, hairan, pa- 
reshan, ashufta ; pech-pech, darham- 

barham, mushkil, dushwar. 
Perplexity,s. gliabrahat, jhanjhat, iztirab, 

hairani, pareshani ; pech-o-tab, dush- 

wari. 

Perquisite, s. dasturi, balayaft. [lif d. 
Persecute, v. sataim, khijami, a/ar d. tak- 
Persecution, s. tasdia, takhlif, iza, sitam, 

zulm. [ziilim. 

Persecutor, s. jafakar, sitamgar, muzi, 

riauce, s. istimrar, sabit-qadami, 

qaim-nii/.aji, dlmn. 

Persevere, ") v. istiqlal k. niustaqill h. 
Persist, ) (j:iin)i;ilina,tliaharua,sabit- 

qadam h. istimrar k. 
Person, s. sheikhs, adnn, insan, kas; ap, 

khud ; surat, shukl, ]>;iikar, ;ui<iani ; 

siga ; ls^ p. mutakallim j 2d p. 

xuukhatab ; 3d p. gaib. 



Personable, a. khubsurat, khushandam, 

tarah-dar. 

Personage, s. bara admi, umda, amir. 
Personal, a. shakhsi, zati, khass, apna, 

khud mutalliq. [mat. 

Personality, s, shakhsiyat; tana, mala- 
Personally, ad. khud, ap, bizzat, asalatan. 
Personate, 7;. surat banana, naql lana, 

bhes k. banna. C^^- 

Perspective, a. ilm-i-manazare-se mutal- 
Perspicacious,a. teznazar, tezfahm,zfrak. 
Perspicuity, s.safai, salasat, zahirf, asani. 
Perspicuous, a. saf, zalur, wazih, khula, 

raushan. 

Perspiration, s. pasma, araq, paseo. 
Perspire, v. pasijna, pasina nikalna, araq 

lana. [k. targib d. 

Persuade, v. manana, mail k. dil-nishin 
Persuasion, s. manao, targib, iiasihat. 
Persuasive, a. muassir, dil-nawaz, dil- 
nishin, targibi. 

Pert, a. shokh, gustakh, machla. 
Pertain, v. ilaqa r. nisbat r. mutalliq h. 

mansub h. [muanid. 

Pertinacious, a. magra, hujjati, khiidbin, 
Pertinacity, s. magrai, inaclilai, kliuelrai. 
Pertinence, s. shaistagi, munasabat, 

liyiiqat. [rust. 

Pertinent, a. shaista, munasib, maqul, du- 
Pertness, s. shokhi, gustakhi. [ran k. 
Perturbate, v. ghabrani, ninzrarib k. hai- 
Perturbation, s. ghabnihat. ]);irt i shaui, 

tashwish, be-qaraii, iztirab. 
Perusal, s. mutalaa, mulaliazii, jiarhna. 
Peruse, v.mutalaak.niulahazak. jiarhna. 
J'l'i-vade, r. saim'ma, paithna, jiliailna. 
Tci'vcrsi-, c. magra, hathila, kujrau,ziddf. 
l'iM-\ -crseness, s. magrai, hath, kajnnvi, 

zidd, sarkashi. [laf-sazi, imiilab. 

IN-rviM-sion, s. ultai, barg.-islitagi, bsirkhi- 
JV'i-vcrt, v. ultana, barkliilai' k. l>ar- 

gashta k. [ta, fsisid. 

Perverted, a. bnrgashtn, barkhihti's;ikli- 
I'ri-vious, a. qabil-i-dukhul, uiumkin-i- 

nafa/. 

. man', waba ; wabal, bala, janjal. 

. v. sataim, khijaiui, dic|(jk. taklii'd. 

1'i'Stileruus, a. man-;i\vur, zubiin, muziiT. 



PIIY 



111 



PIN 



Pestilence, s. waba, man, sarayat, iaun. 
Pestilential,a.sarayat-afshan,waba-awar, 

taiini, mu/irr, zabun. 
Pestle, s. dasta, kiir.ak, musal, batta. 
Pet, s.chirchirahat, jhanjh, khafgi ; larla. 
Petal, s. pakhri, phul-ki patti. 
Petiole, s. danthal, bout. [dua. 

Petition, s. arz, arx.i, darkhwast, matlab, 
Petition, v. arz k. iltimas k. darkhwast 

k. chahna. [khwah, sail. 

Petitioner, s. arz kame-w.nmkamis, dad- 
Petrifaction, s. pathrahat, tahjar. 
Petrify, v. pathraria, patthar hojana. 
Petticoat, s. lahanga, ghaghra, saya.[zaj. 
Pettish, a. chirchira, zudranj, tunuk-mi- 
Petty,a. chhota,khiird,kochak,farom;iYa. 
Petulance, s. shokhi, gustakhi, be-adabi. 
Petulant, a. shokh, gustakh, be-adab. 
Pew, s. kursi girje-men. 
Pewter, s. rauga, jast, rupjast, rasas. 
Phalanx, s. gol, garoh, paltan. 
Phantom, s. bhut, chhaya, surat-i-wahmi. 
Pharmacy,s.dawa-sazi,attari,niajun-gari. 
Phenomenon, s. nadira, nadir-uz-zuhiii-, 
Phial, s. shishi, shisha. [?j a b- 

Philanthropist, s. insan-dost, khalaiq- 

dost, khairkhwah. 
Philanthropy,s.insan-dosti 3 khairkhwahi, 

nek nihadi. 

Philippic, s. malamat-amez, taqrir. [ho. 
Philologer,.?. sarfi, nahwi,ahl-i-sarf-o-na- 
Philological, a. sarf-o-naho-se mutaalliq. 
Philology, s. ilm-i-sarf-o-naho. 
Philosopher, s. hakim, failsuf, alim. 
Philosopher' s-stoue,s.aksir,paraspatthar 
Philosophy, s. hikmat, ilm-i-hikmat, fal- 
Philter, s. mohni, totka, latka. [safa. 
Phlegm, s. balgam, kaf. [tabiat. 

Phlegmatic, a.balgami; sard-mizaj,sust- 
Phlogistic, a. sozinda, muhriq, garm. 
Phrase, s. ibarat, istilah, sukhn, bat. 
Phraseology, s. tarz-i-kalam, muhawai'a, 

ibarat. [ru, ilaj ; jullab. 

Physic, s. tibb,tababat,tabibi ; dawa, da- 
Physical, a. tabii, zati, jibilli; tibbi, ilaj- 

se mutaalliq. 

Physician, s. hakirn, tabib, baid. 
Physics, s, ilm-i-maujudat, hikmat. 



Physiognomy, s. ilm-i-qiyafa, jlm-i-wajh, 

qiyat'a-sliinasi. 

Physiology, s. ilm-i-maujudat. 
Pi:i//,a, s, snyaban, satiinbandi, pesh-t^q. 
Pice, s. paisa, paise. 
Pick, v. chunna, chugna, chtin 1. intikhab 

k. ikhtiyar k. utlui 1. saf k. ; kholna. 
Pickaxe, s. kudal, kudar, gainti. 
Pickle, s. achar. [alat. 

Picklock, s. chor-kunji, tala kholne-ki 
Pickpocket, s. jeb-katra, gath-katta, ki- 

sa-bur. 

Picture, s. taswir, naqsha, shabfh, nigar. 
Piebald, a. ablaq, kabra, rang-a-rang. 
Piece, s. tukra, para, parcha, purza, reza, 
, lakht ; qita ; than ; tasnif, insha j tas- 
wir; banduq, top. 

Piece, -y.jorna, paiwand k. jorke barhana. 
Piecemeal, ad. tukre-tukre, para-para. 
Pier, s. paya, satun ; pushta, band. 
Pierce, v. chhedna, choiikna, salna, nufuz 

k. surakhk. bindhna ; paithna, ghusna. 
Piercing, a. chhedne-w., nafiz tez; sakht. 
Piety, s. taqwa, taqawat, diyanat, khoda- 

tarsi. 

Pig, s. ghenta, suar-ka bachcha. 
Pigeon, s. kabiitar, parewa. 
Pigmy, s. bauna, kotah-qad. 
Pike, s. neza, ballam ; maha-machhlf. 
Pilaster, s. satun-chi, satun-i-chaugosha. 
Pile, s. dher, toda, ambar ; watad, kham- 

bha ; imarat ; chita. 

Pile, v. dher k. taleupark. ambar k.ja- 
Piles, s. bawasir. [ma k. 

Pilfer, v. churana, chori k. musna. 
Pilferer, s. chor, uchakka, hath-lapak. 
Pilgrim, s. ziyarati, saiyah, haji, jatri. 
Pilgrimage, s. ziyarat, saiyahat, hajj, jat- 
Pill, s. dawa-ki goli, habb. [ra. 

Pillage, s. lut, lut-pat, takht-o-taraj, ga- 

rat ; ganimat. [nar. 

Pillar, s. satun, rukn, khamba, lath, mi- 
Pillory, s. chambar-i-gardan, charkh. 
Pillow, s. takiya, balish. 
Pilot, s. qaid-i-jahaz, arkati, abshinas. 
Pimp, s. bharwa, kutna, clallal, qaltaban. 
Pimple, s. phunsi, phuriya, muhasa. 
Pin, s. sozan, sui, alpin ; mekh, khunti. 



PLA 



112 



PLA 



Pincers, s. sandasi, sangsi, cheunti, moch- 

na, chimta. [rurat. 

Pinch, s. chutki, noch, chimti, pech, za- 
Pinch, v. nochna, chutki 1. chimti katna, 

dabna. [jhana. 

Pine, v. jhurna, afsurda h. sukhna, mur- 
Pineapple, u. anannas. 
Pinion, s. par, bal, bazu, pankh; hath- 

kari ; chakkar-ka dant. 
Pinnace, s. chhota jahaz. [qulla. 

Pinnacle, s.kalas, kalsa, kangura, chonti, 
Pint, s. adh-ser-kf paimana. 
Pioneer, s. beldar, loniya.[khuda-parast. 
Pious, a. muttaqf, salih, zahid, dindar, 
Pipe, s. nal, nali, phonphi : nae, bansri ; 
Pipe, v. bansi ya bansri bejana. [pipa. 
Pique, s. bugz, kina, hasad, bad-khwahi. 
Piracy, s. sainundar-par dakaiti. 
Pirate, s. samundar-ka dakait. 
Pismire, s. chyunti, mor. 
Pistol, s. tabancha, tamancha. 
Pit, s. garha, gar, magak, chah. 
Pitch, s. ral, qir ; martaba, naubat ; ha- 

lat ; irtifa, afrazi, bulandi. 
Pitch, v. khara k. barpa k. garna ; ral la- 

gana ; dalna, gira d. ; sir-ke bal girna ; 

thahrana, pasand k. 
Pitcher, s. matka, ghara, sabu, thiliya. 
Pitchfork, s. jandra, panja. 
Pitchy, a. andhera, tarik, siyah ; ral-ka. 
Piteous, a. dard-angez, dilgir ; mazmun. 
Pitfall, s. chor-garha, dahak. 
Pith, s. guda, magz, sar, quwat, zor. 
Pithy, a. pur-magz, gudaila; mazbut, 

zorawar. 
Pitiable, a. dard-angez, rahm-pazir; maz- 

mum, kamina, haqir. 
Pitiful, a. 1. see Pitiable. 2. dardmand, 

rahim, shafiq. 

Pitiless, a. be-dard, be-rahm. 
Pittance, s. wa/ita, kafaf, rozma. 
Pity, s. rahm, dard, sliafaqat, tars, pam. 
Placable, a. mulaim, haliin, narm-dil. 
Placard, s. ishtihar-uama, izhar-nama, 

farrnan. 

Place, s. jagah,ja, makan, thikana ; mar- 
taba, paya, uhdu, muiiBub ; j\vaz, badli ; 

muqam. 



Place, v. rakhna, dhar d. lagana, thahra- 
na, khara k. baithalna. 

Placenta, s. phul, puren, kheri. 

Placid, a. salim, mulaim, halim, sakin. 

Plagiary,s.tasnif-duzd 3 ibarat-chor,sariq. 

Plague, s. man, waba, taun ; wabal, afat, 
bala, janjal, diqq. [lif d. 

Plague, v. satana, chherna, khijana, tak- 

Plaid, s, gati, rangarang kapra. 

Plain, a. barabar, hamwar ; zahir, khula, 
saf; sada, be-zinat, bhola, sada-dil ; 
nira, sirf. 

Plain, s. maidan, sahra. [lah. 

Plain-dealing, s. sada-dili, rast-bazi, sa- 

Plainly, ad. saf-saf, zahiran, rasti-se, be- 
riya. [fan r ad. 

Plaint, s.nala,nalish,ah,hae-wne, giriya, 

Plaintiff, s. faryadi, muddai, dad-khwah. 

Plaintive, a. nalan, giriyan, gamgin. 

Plait, s. tah, shikan, chin, chunat. 

Plait, v. shikan d. tah jamana, chunna. 

Plan, s. mansuba, hikmat, tadbir, ban- 
dish; khaka, naqsha, dhancha, namuna. 

Plan, v. tadbir k. upae k. naqsh bandh- 
na, tajwiz k. 

Plane, s. randa ; qism-i-darakht. 

Plane, v. randa chalana. 

Planet, s. saiyara, najm, khechar. 

Planetary, a. falaki, saiyara mansub. 

Plank, s. takhta, lauh, patra. 

Plant, v. lagana, garhna, baithalna, kha- 
ra k. rompna, bona ; abad k. [dha. 

Plant, s. nabat, rustani, nihal, per, pau- 

Plantain, s. kela, kadli. [bagistan. 

Plantation, s. nakhlbandi, basti, abadi, 

Plaster, s. gach, rekhta ; lep, marham. 

Plaster, u.gachgan k.lepna,lesna,potna. 

Plastering, s. lipalfp, lesales, chunkam. 

Plastic, a. dast-qudrat, rup-hari, naqsh- 

Plat, s. qata-i-zamin. [band. 

Plate, s. basan, bartan, rikabi, tabaqcha; 
zuruf-i-siini. 

Plated, a. basim, poshida, mulamma. 

Platform, s. clialnitara, saqf, machan, 
c-liliiil ; naqsha. 

Platter, s. thali, katlira, kathautf, tabaq. 

Plaudit, s. shabashi, afrin, <last-afihaili. 

Plausibility, s. nuiuaiah-i-rasti. 



PLI 



113 



POI 



Plausible, a. zahir-numa, rasti-numa, 

charb-zaban. 
Play, s. khel, bazi, lab,bazfcha ; tamasha, 

naql-bazi, pekhna ; qimar-bazi. 
Play, v. khelna, bazi k. qimar-ba/i k. ba- 

jana ; naql k. tamasha k. ; karna, ami k. 
Playfellow, s. hambaz, langotiya yar. 
Playful, a. alola, achpal, shokh, chanchal. 
Playfulness, s. achpali,chanchali, shokhi. 
Playhouse, s.tamasha-khana, nach-ghar. 
Plaything, s. khilauna, labat ya lubat. 
Plea, s. uzr, hujjat, dalil, muazirat, dawa. 
Plead, u. hujjat k. dalil lana, dawa k. 

jawab-sawal k. 
Pleasant, a. khush, latif, dilawez, khush - 

numa, khub, bhala, achchha ; shad, 

masrur. [mana. 

Pleasantly, ad. khushi-se, latifana, shad- 
Pleasantness,5.khushijkhubi,latafat,lutf. 
Pleasantry, s. khush-tabai, lutf, latifa, 

zarafat, mazakh, bazla, thatholf. 
Please, v. khush k. shad k. khushnudk. 

khatir-nawazi k. razi k. 
Pleased, a. khushnud, shadman, razi. 
Pleasing, a. khush-numa, dilawez, kha- 

tir-nawaz. 
Pleasure, s. khushi, shadi, aish-o-jshrat, 

rang-ras ; marzi, maqsud. 
Plebeian, s. amm-ka admi, nich log. 
Pledge, s. girau, rihn, bandhak. 
Pledge, v. girau r. bandhak d. iqrar k. 
Pleiades, s. suraiya, parwtn. 
Plenary, a. tamam-o-kamal, pura. 
Plenipotent, a. mukhtar-i-kull. 
Plenipotentiary, s. waqil-i-mutlaq. 
Plenitude, s. purai, puri, kamaliyat, 

ziyadati, seri. 

Plenteous, a. ") bahut, bahutera, bisyar, 
Plentiful, a. j firawan, kasir, ziyada, 

wafir, afzun. 

Plentifully, ad. ba-ifrat,kasiran, bahutsa. 
Plenty, s. bahutat, ifrat, kasrat, firnwani. 
Plethora, s. ifrat-i-khun, ifrat-i-akhlat. 
Pliable, a. lachila, lachakta, narm, 

damdar. [mulayimat. 

Pliableness,s.lachak.chimthahat,narmi, 
Pliant,a.lachila,lachlacha,mulaimjnarm. 
Plight, s. hal, halat, waza, dasa. 



Plight, w. giran r. bandhak d. ahd k. 
Plod, v, tnihnat k. shugl k. [iqrar k. 
Plot, s. bandish, sazish, ittifaq ; fareb, 

fitrat, fann, hila ; qita-i-zamin, sabza. 
Plough, s. hal, qulba. [rani k. 

Plough, v. hal jotna ya chalana, qulba- 
Ploughman, s. halwaha, jotar, qulba-ran. 
Ploughshare, s. nasi, chau, tora, phal. 
Pluck, v. chhm 1. khench 1. nikal 1. 

khasotna, ukharna. 
Plug, s. datta, gatta, thepi, thenthi. 
Plum, s. ber, bair, alucha. 
Plumage, s. par, par-o-bal, pankh. 
Plumb, v. pani napna, sahul-se rnapna. 
Plum-cake, s. lauzina, lauziyat. 
Plume, s. par, turra, kalgi, kangura. 
Plume, r.parjharna ; apne-taintarashna, 

magrur h. ; par ukharna. 
Plummet, s. latkan, sahul, sahol. 
Plump, a. mota, jasim, farbih, chikn^. 
Plunder, s. lut, lutpat, ganimat, garat, 

yagma. 

Plunder, v. lutna, lut k. garat k. taraj k. 
Plunderer, s. lutera, lut-baz, garat-gar, 

ganim. [bana, dalna. 

Plunge, v. gota d. ya marna, dubna, du- 
Plunge, s. gota, dubki. 
Plural, a. jama. [hutat. 

Plui-ality, s. jamiyat, kasrat, taddud, ba- 
Ply, s. tab, chin, shikan. 
Ply, v. mihnat k. mashgul rakna, jidd- 

o-jahad-se kam k. ; tasdi d. azar d. 
Poach, v. nimjosh k. churana. 
Pocket, s. jeb, kisa : v. jeb-men rakhna. 
Pocket-book, s. dastaki. 
Pod, s. chhemi, phali, chhilka, post. 
Poem, s. shir, qasida, gazal, masnawi. 
Poesy, s. shir, saja ; ilm-i-shirnawisi. 
Poet, s. shair, nazim. 
Poetess, s. shaira. 
Poetry, s. shir, saja, nazm, aruz. 
Poignancy, s. tezi, tundi, sakhti, shiddat. 
Poignant, a. tez, tund, sakht, shadfd. 
Point, s. nok, ani, moni, sar ; nuqta, bun- 

da ; ayat ; disa, rukh ; daqiqa ; babat. 
Point, u. tez k nok nikalna ; batana, 

dikhlana ; shast bandhna : sahih k. j 

nuqta rakhna. 



POM 



114 



POS 



Pointed, a. nokdar,nokfla ; nukta-amez" 

zarif, shaista. 

Poise, v. tolna, hamwazn k. sochna. 
Poison, s. zahr, bis, bikh, saram, halahal. 
Poisonous, a. zahrdar, sainm, bisela. 
Poke, v. chubhana, latolna, kurelna, 

khodna. 

Poker, s. kurelni, lukti, atashkaw. 
Polar, a. qutbi, qutb mansub, sliiniali. 
Pole, s. qutb ; danda, chob ; jarib. 
Polemic, a. hujjati, bahsi, bahhas. 
Pole-star, s . najm-i-qutb, jadi. 
Police, s. shahar-ki band-o-bast, ya inti- 

zam, ya zabt-o-rabt. [dar, faujdar. 
Police-office, s. thana ; officer, thane- 
Policy, s. ilm-i-hukumat ; hikmat amali, 

tadbir, mansuba, fitrat. [fat, nazakat. 
Polish, s. chiknahat, jila, op, safYti ; zara- 
Polish, v. jila d. saiqal k. opna, ghotna, 

chikna k. [zarit', latif. 

Polite, a. khaliq, khush-akhlaq ya atwfir, 
Politeness, s. akhlaq, khush-akhlaqi, niu- 

ruwat, zarafat, nazakat. [fana. 

Politely, ad. ba-adab, ba-muruwat, zari- 
Politic, a. zirak, hikmati, tadbiri, mu- 

dabbir, fitrati. 

Political, a. mulkijintizami, amili ; fitrati. 
Politician, s. sahib-i-tadbir, mudabbir, 

rajgyani. [saltanat. 

Politics, s. utnur-i-mamlakat, tadbir-i- 
Poll, s. sir, sarj logon-ka shumar ; bar- 

guzid;i'_ r i. [na ; nam likhna. 

Poll, v. chhantna, tarasliiia, katua, katar- 
Pollen, s. parag, daqiq-i-gul. 
Pollute, v. napak k. akida k. kharab k. 
Polluted, a. aluda, palid, napak. [jiisat. 
Pollution, s. alaish, jiliidagi, iiapaki, na- 
J'oly^ainy, .s. kasii--ul-ax.\v;ij. 
Polyglot, s. majnma-i-/al);man. 
Polygon, s. shakl-i-kasir-uz-zaviya. 
Polytheism, s. shirk, but-parasti. 
Polytheist, s. mushrik, bur.-parast. 
Pomegranate, s. aiuii-, darim. [bala. 
Pommel, s. lianui, ULrwa ; ((ah/M ; iliun- 
roiiniicl, t.i. j)]'tni, manui, kiitna,tlionkna. 
Pomp, s. haslnnar, sliaii-o-shauqat, jah- 

o-jalal, dhumdham, (lal)daba. 
Pompiou, 6 1 . kaddii, kadiniu. 



Pompous, a. numaishi, alishan, buzurg- 

war ; rangawar. 

Pond, s. talab, tal, hauz, pokhar. [k. 
Ponder, v. sochna, fikr k. gaur k. dhiyan 
Ponderous, a. bhari, giran, sangin, saqil. 
Poniard, s. pesh-qabz, khanjar, katar. 
Poney, s. tattu, yabu, tangan. 
Pool, s. kund, dabra ; haux. 
Poor, a. garib, muflis, miskm, mafluk, 

faqir ; kamin, dun j zaif, kamzor ; lona, 

shor. 
Poorly, ad. faqirana, tangf-se ; be-aram, 

bimar. 

Pop, v. chatpat ana ya jana, aparna. 
Poppy, s. koknar, khashkliash, post. 
Populace, s. amm, awaniin-uu-nas, jum- 

hur, log. [aziz. 

Popular, a. amum, murauwaj ; haTdil- 
Population, s. abadf, mamuri, niardum- 

shumari, mulk-ke tamam log. 
Populous, a. abad, marniir. 
Porch, s. peshgah, dahliz, osara, deorhi. 
Porcupine, s. sahi, kharpuslit. 
Pore, s. masam, chhota, surakh. 
Pore, v. dekha dekhna, dide pharna, 

chashm dokhta k. 
Pork, s. suar-ka gosht. 
Porous, a. masam-dar, jhirjhira. 
Porpoise, s. susmar, sus. 
Port, s. bandar, kul, ghat ; darwaza, dar; 

jharoka ; chal, raftar, rawish ; qism-i- 

sharab. 

Portable, a. uthane-jog, halka, dastf. 
Portal, s. darwaza, dargah, ilar. 
Portend, v. dalalat k. jamma, agam d. 
Portent, s. badfal, inihusat. 
Portentous, a. badiali, nahs, manhus. 
Portico, s. peshgah, dahhz, pi-shtaq, ji- 

law-khana. 
Portion, s. hissa, bahra, bakhra, nasi'b, 

qisinat; jaluv., dalic/., inahr. 
Portly, a. jasim, taiuiwar; slmluina. 
I'oriniaiiU'au, >. jaina-tlaiu, khurji. 
Portrait, 8. shaluli, taswir. 
Portray, r. slial)ili ya taswir khaiiichna; 

liaysiii k. ta<|i-ir k. 

Pose, r. muslikil sa\vl pnohhkarghabrfi 

d. hairan k. puelihpaclih k. 



POU 



115 



PRE 



Position, s. waza, nihad, dhab, daul, 

lialar : muqaiKlama. 
Positive, . muqarrar, yaqini; khud-rao ; 

mujiba, ijabj. 
Positively, ad. yaqinan, qataan, albatta, 

jjaban. 
Possess, v. rakhna, tasarruf k. dharna, 

pana, qabzk. amal k. ; sahib h. malik h. 
Possessed, a. rakh-gaya ; diwana ; sahib, 

malik. [kiyat, mal. 

Possession, s. tasarruf, qabza, ainal, mil- 
Possessor, s. mutasarrif, malik, sahib, 

qabiz. [mal. 

Possibility, s. imkan, maqdur, hona, ihti- 
Possible, a. mumkin, honhar, shudani, 

muhtamil. 

Possibly, ad. shayad, bil-imkan. 
Post, s. dak, dakiya, qasid; maqam, 

makan, waza;kliidmat,uhda,mansab; 

khamba, danda, chob. 
Postage, s. dak-ka mahsul, rusum. 
Posterior, a. muakhkhar, mutaakhkhir, 

pichhla, bad. [tagah. 

Posteriors, s. chutar, pichhwara, nishas- 
Posterity, s. al, aulad, nasl, khalaf.[tar. 
Posthaste, s. daura-dauri, daurdhup, zud- 
Postrnan, s. dakiya, qasid, paik. [sahib. 
Postmaster General, s. jarueli dakwala 
Postpone, r. takhir k. tawaqquf k. mau- 

quf r. multawi r. [khatt. 

Postscript, s. tatimma-i-khatt, zail-ul- 
Posture, s. waza, tarah, hal, halat, siirat. 
Pot, s. handf, deg, degcha, tasla ; ghara. 
Potato, s. alu ; sweet shakarqand.[tabi. 
Pot-companion, s. ham-piyala, ham-sha- 
Potent, a. zorawar, qawi, tawana, qadir. 
Potentate, s. farmanrawa, shahanshah, 

sultan. 

Potential, a. ikhtiyari, qudrati, mumkin. 
Potion, s. shurb, sharbat, jura, nosh. 
Potlid, s. sarposh, deg-posh, dhakni. 
Potsherd, s. thikra, thikri. 
Pottage, s. shorba, shurwa. 
Potter, s. kumhar, kulnl, sifalgar. 
Pouch, s. thaili, tosdan, jeb. 
Poultice, s. lubdi, lopri, loi. 
Poultry, s. murga-murgi, hansbatak, &c. 
Pounce, v. chaugul mtirua, jhapatna l 



Poiind, s. adh-serj das-rupai-ka sikka j 

berliii. 

Pound, v. kiitna, churna, thonkna. 
Pour,v. dalna,undelna, dhalna, nitliarnaj 

jarf h. bahni parna, barasna, jharna ; 

daurna. 

Pout, v. honth latkana, thuthana. 
Poverty, s. iiias, muflisi, iflak, maskanat, 

tang-dasti, faqiri. [bariifc. 

Powder, s. chur, chura, bukni, sul'iit'; 
Powder, v. churna, bukna, chur k. 
Powder-horn, s. singra, barutdan. 
Power, s. zor, quwat, qudrat, tawaniii, 

taqat ; ikhtiyar, mukhtari ; qabu ; hu- 

kumat ; shah, sultan. 
Powerful, a. zorawar, tawana, qawi, qadi r. 
Practicable, a. kardani,honhar,mumkin. 
Practical, a. amali, istiamali, mashqi. 
Practice, s. mashq, amal, rabt, istiamal ; 

adat, kho, marnul ; dastur ; tababat ; 

chand-mari. [k. sadlma. 

Practise, v. karna, kiya k. amal k. mashq 
Pragmatical, a phapphar-dallal, fuzul- 

numa, dastandaz. [wasf, sifat. 

Praise, s. tarif, sipas, sana,madah,hamd, 
Praise, v. tarif k. tahsin k, sitaish k. 

sarahna. [tahsan. 

Praised, pa. situda, mausuf, hamid, mus- 
Praiseworthy, a. tarif-ke laiq, wajib-ul- 

madah. [kulanch niarna. 

Prance, v. phandna, kudna, lambiyan k. 
Prank, s. kud-phand, kalol-alol, khelbazi. 
Prate, v. bakna, bakbak k. barbarana, 

gap-shap k. 

Prattle, s. bakbak, gap-shap, chochla. 
Prawn, s. jhinga, chingra. 
Pray, v. namaz k. dua k. iltimas k. 

minnat k. darkhwast k. mangna. 
Prayer, s. namaz,salut,dua ; niy az,iltimas. 
Preach, v. waz k. khutba parhna. 
Preacher, s. waiz, wazgo, khatib. 
Preamble,.?, dibaja, tamhid, muqaddama. 
Precarious, a. na-muqarrar, beqarrar, 

be-qiyam. 
Precaution,s.aqibat-andeshi,durandeshi, 

pesh-bini, tadaruk. [dam h. 

Precede, v. age jana, peshi k. muqad- 
Precedence, s. peshi, taqdim, sabqat. 



PEE 



116 



PRE 



Precedent, s. peshnihad, dastur-ul-amal, 

namuna, nazir, misal. 
Precedent, ") a. peshrau, peshin, muqad- 
Preceding, j dam, qabl, sabiq, auwal. 
Precept, s. hukm, amr, wasiyat, nasihat, 

masla. 

Preceptive, a. hukm-dih, nasfhat-amez. 
Preceptor, s. ustad, muallim, muaddib. 
Precinct, s. hadd, nahiya, siwana.[nafis. 
Precious, a. qimati, giran-maya, aziz, 
Precipice, s. dhang, kandala, tek, sring. 
Precipitance, s. jaldi, shitab, be-lihazi, 

harbari. [lihaz. 

Precipitate, a. jald, utaola,harbariya,be- 
Precipitate, v. dal d. phenk d. sir-ke bal 

girna ya girana, harbari k. jaldi k. 
Precipitately, ad. jaldi-se, be-lihazi-se, 

harbari-se [harbari. 

Precipitation, s. jaldi, shitab, tajil,utaoll, 
Precise, a. thik, sahih, durust ; muaiyan, 

muqarrar ; takalluf-niizaj. 
Precision, s. durusti, sihhat, diqqat; 

tahqfq, yaqin. [nikal d. 

Preclude, v. baz r. mahrum k. mardud r. 
Preconceive,r.age-se samajhna y abujhna. 
Preconception, s. pesh-bini ya qiyasi, 

tasauwar. 

Precursor, s. pesh-rau, muqaddama. 
Predecessor, s. peshin, muqaddam, sabiq. 
Predestinate, v. taqdir k. muqaddar r. 

badna. 

Predestinated, a. muqaddar, mauud. 
Predestination, s. taqdir, sar navisht, 

qaza-o-qadr. [kuniinla. 

Predestinator, s. muqaddir, sarvisl it- 
Predetermination, s. inurad-i-mutaqad- 

dim, nzimat-i-peshina. 
Prediciiiiicnt., 0. hal, lialat, nnubat. 
Predicate, s. wasf, sifat, maqul. 
Predict, v. a^o-srk.'ilnu^kliabar-i-gaibd. 
J'icdictioii, >. kli;ilnir-i-jfaib, peshgoi, 

waid, mau'id. 
Predominance, s. palba, istiln, sabqat. 

ir;ilil), imist;mli, IViiij.ala. 
, v. .ywlib h. .-ipl.-ib li. l\\'\(\ h. 
, s. sabqat, i'auqiyat, at'/.a- 

liyat, j)cshi. [fhiq. 

Pre-eminent, a. uf/al, mumtaz, pcshdast, 



Pre-exist, v. age-se maujud rahna. 
Pre-existence, s. pesh-hasti, wajud-i- 

muqaddam. [saragaz. 

Preface, s. dibacha, dibaja, muqaddama, 
Prefer, v. pasand k. tarjih k. taqdim k. 

bihtar janna; barhana, sar-afraz k. 

rakhna. [peshtar. 

Preferable, a. bihtar, achchha, ahsan, 
Preferment, s. barhti, sarfarazi, taraqqi. 
Prefix, v. age rakhna ya lagana, darpesh 

nasb k. 

Prefix, s. harf-i-mashrut, adat-ul-jaza. 
Pregnancy,s.hamal,abistagi,bardari,pet. 
Pregnant, s. hamila, abista, banlar, 

pet-se ; bhara, pur. [rar k. 

Prejudge, v. be-khabar-o-taftish muqar- 
Prejudice, s. tassub ; mail, tarafdari, 

bad-gumani ; iiuqsan, ziyan. 
Prejudicial, a. muzirr, mufsidziysn-kar. 
Preliminary, a. peshrau, muqaddama, 

tamhidi. [surmilap. 

Prelude, s.saragaz,tamhid, muqaddama ; 
Premature, a. be-waqt, be-mauqa, be- 

mausim. 
Premeditate, v. peshbandi k. age-se 

thanna ya fikr k. 

Premier, s. wazir-i-azam. [taqdim k. 
Premise, u. age-se jatana, tamhid k. 
Premises, s. inuqaddamat, taqaddumat ; 

amlak, makan. [chota, beshi. 

Premium, s. inam, bakhshish, padash, 
Preparation, s. tuiyari, tahiya, tadbir, 

banawari. [banna. 

Prepare, v- taiyar k. arasta k. maujiid k* 
Preponderate, v. bhari h. galib h. tarjih r. 
Preposition, s. harf 
Prepossess, v. mail k. ragib k. 
Prepossessed, a. mail, ragib. [znnni. 
Prepossession, .. m;iil, i-a^bat, husn-i- 
Preposterous, a. bo-luila,l)o inani, abtar. 
Prrjniro, s. klinlri, jjalaf, rhliit-lirii. 
Prerogative, s. haqq, i(jtiilar, ikhtiyar. 
I'rrsairr, x. ial, sliuguii, daU'ilat. 
I'rcsl)yter, S. shaikh, snhih-ul-quds. 
1'i-csliytt-ry, s. inaj'is-i-sliaiklmiia. 
Trcscicnce, i. jlin-i-gaib, pcshbini, gaib- 

< la in'. [dan. 

1'iiscient, a. ^lim-i-gaib, peshbin, gaib- 



PRE 



117 



PRI 



Proscribe, v. hukm k. farm an ii : batlana, 

thahrana, muqarrar k. innaivun k. 
Prescribed, a. mamur, marsuin, muqar- 
rar, muaiyun. 

Prescriber, s. farman-dih, amr rasan. 
Prescription, s. rasm, qaida, dastur ; 

nuskha, rasm-i-hakim. 
Presence, s. haziri, hazir-bashi, huzur, 

hazrat ; cbihra, nazar, wajb j of mind, 

dileri. 
Present, a. hazir, maujud, rubaru, sarah- 

ne ; hal. At , filhal, darin-wila. ab. 
Present, s. bakhshish, inayat, ata, nazr. 
Pi'esent, v. dena, bakshna, ata k. unz- 

rana, nazr k. age r. zahir k. dikhlana ; 

jhukana. [hala. 

Presently, ad. ab, abhi, filfanr, fauran, 
Preservation, s. bachao, hifazat, muhafi- 

zat, himayat. 

Preservative, a. bachau, hafiz, muhafiz. 
Preserve, v. bachana, hifazatk.mahfuzr. 

himayat d. ; murabba k. achar banana. 
Preserver, s.bachane-wala.hafiz,muhafiz. 
Preserves, s. murrabbe, majun. [kob h. 
Preside, v. sadr-nishin h. sardar h. sar- 
Presidency,s. sadr, sadr-nishini, sardari ; 

dar-us-saltanat. [mir-i-majlis. 

President, s. sadr-nishin, sardar, rai's, 
Press, v. dabna, nichorna, chhantua, 

chlisipna ; tang k. nachar k. takid k. 

taqaiyud k. 
Press, s.kolhujShikanja; chhapne-ki kal ; 

bhir, hujum, hangama. [taaddi. 

Pressure, s. dab, dabao, bojh, zor ; tangi, 
Presume, r. khiyal k. guman k. bujhna ; 

gustakhi r. hirnmat-bandlina. 
Presumption, s. qiyas, guman, tawah- 

hum ; gustakhi, magruri, dileri. 
Presumptive, s. khiyali, mutasauwar ; 

gustakh. [mutakabbir. 

Presumptuous,a.gustakh,shokh,ni;i:ri'ur 3 
Pretence,.?, bahanajhilajmakrjsakht^.izr. 
Pi-etend, u.bahanak. bat banana ; dawa r. 
Pretension, 5. dawa, dawi, daw at, iddja. 
Preterit] a. guzashta, mazi. [karamati. 
Preternatural, a. khilaf-i-/at, bila-tabiat, 
Preterperfect, a. mazi qarib. 
Preterpluperfect, a. mazi baid. 



Protoxt, s. bahana, makr, Sfikht, nzr. 
Prettiuess, s. khubsurati, liusn, suthrai. 
Pretty, a. khubsurat, latif, nazuk, suthra. 
Pretty, ad. kuchh, thoya-bahut, bar- wajh. 
I'ri'vnil, v. jari h. murauwaj h. rawaj h. 
jitna, galib h. peshraft h. tasir k. ma 

liana. [mi ; galib. 

Prevailing, a. jari, raij, murauwaj, amu- 
Prevalence, s. galba, afzuni, rawaj ; asar, 
Prevalent, a. see Prevailing. [tasir. 
Prevaricate,v.bat badalna, hila-hawala k. 

lait-o-laall k. [talmatol. 

Prevarication, s.hila-hawala, lait-o-laall, 
Prevent, v. rokna, atkana, mana k. 

thambhna, baz r. [muzahimat. 

Prevention, s. rok, atkao, mumanat, 
Preventive, a. mam, muzahim, baz-dar. 
Previous, a. peshtar, peshina, qabl, mu- 

taqaddim. 

Previously, ad. age-se, pahle, minqabl. 
Prey,s. shikar, said ; lut.ganimat, yagma. 
Priapus, s. kandasa, ling. [ajr, ajura. 
Price, s. qimat, baha, mol, dam ; nirkh ; 
Prick, v. chubhana, chonkna, chhedna, 

bedhna, garona, bindhna. 
Prick, s. chobh, chobha, chhed. 
Prickle, s. kanta, khar, sal. 
Prickly, a. katila, kantaila, khardar. 
Pride, s. garur, takabbur, dimag, khud- 

bini. [phulna. 

Pride, v. (one's self,) magrur h. fakhr k. 
Priest, *. imam, murshid, khatib, klia- 

dim-i-din. [fareb. 

Priestcraft, s. imamiya makr, murshidi 
Priestess, s. imama, kahina. 
Priesthood, s. imamat, murshidi; ima- 

mon-ka firqa. [bhai. 

Prim, a. zahirdar, rasm-parwar, phiin- 
Primary, a. pahla, auwal, asli, buriyadi. 
Prime, a. auwal, asli, khassa,tuhfa,besh. 
Prime, s. sabah, bahar ; shabab ; hissa-i- 

aulatar. 

j Prime, v. ranjak pilana ya bharna. 
Primitive, a. qadim, peshin, sabiq, mu- 

taqaddam ; asli, zati. 
Primogeniture, s. auwal paidaish, barai. 
Prince, s. shah-zada, malik-zada j sultan, 

badshah. 



PEO 



118 



PRO 



Princess, s. shah-zadi ; malika ; khanam. 
Principal,a. auwal , asli, sadr, pahla, bara. 
Principal, s. sardar, rais ; jama, asl, punjf. 
Principality, s. saltanat, mulkat ; siiba. 
Principally, ad. khususan, auwalan, ga- 

liban, ziyada. 
Principle, s. asl, masdar, madda, sabab- 

i-auwal; baJ3, jihat ; din, diyanat ; am, 
Print, v. chhapna, chhapa, k. [qanun. 
Printed, a. chhapa, chhapa hua. 
Printer, s. chhape-wala, chhipi, naqqash. 
Prior, a, age, auwal, pahla, muqaddam. 
Priority, s. auwaliyat, peshi, taqdfm, 

taqaddum, qidamat ; fazilat. [khana. 
Prison, s. qaid-khana, zindan, bandi- 
Prisoner, 5. qaidi, bandhua, asir, zindani. 
Privacy, s. khalwat, parda-nishini ; po- 

shidagi, pinhani ; tanhai. [klmss. 
Private, a. tanha j mukhfi, posliida ; 
Private, s. sipahi. [tanhai- men. 

Privately, ad. khafiyan, chhipe-chhipe, 
Privation, s. adam, idam, salb. 
Privative, s. adami, salib. 
Privilege, s.haqq,haquq;istihqaq; barat. 
Privily, ad. chhipake, chup-chupate, 

nihufta. 

Privities, s. satr, aurat, andam-i-nihani. 
Privy, a. waqif, agah, khabardar, muttalj. 
Privy, s. pae-khana, jae-zarur.[ganimat. 
Prize, s. bazi, hasil, shart, muzd ; lut, 
Prize, v. aziz janna, tazim k. beshqirnat 

janna ; gam'mat janna. [hari. 

Probability, s. ihtimal, maquliyat, hon- 
Pi-(jl);ible, a. muhtainil, maqul, honhar, 

aglab. [ba-ihtimal. 

Probably, ad. shsiyad, kya-jane, galiban, 
Probation, s. dalil, isbat, imtihan, az- 

maish, tajruba. 

Probationer, s. mubtadi, nau-amoz, um- 
Probe, s. salaf, mil. [medwar. 

Probe, v. tona, tatolna, khodni k. 
Probity, s. diyanat , nisi i. salali, saUihiyat , 
Problem, s. masla, sa\val. ; sa.-liai. 

I'l-dhlnnatical, n. muslitalm, mashkiik. 
Proboscis, s. sund, khurtum. 
Procedure, s. raft a r, ciuil, w.-v/a; kam, 

ainal, liarkat, sultik. 
Proceed, v. chulna, jana, guzarna; ni- 



kalna, paida h. npajna ; taraqqi k. ; 

kam k. anil k. ; dad-kh\vah h. 
Proceeding, s. kam, ami, muamala ; 7nu- 
Proceeds, s. husul, jaft. [qaddama. 
Process, s. raftar, ravish, waza, taur; 

muamala ; gardish. 
Procession, s. tawaif, sawari, thath. 
Proclaim, u. manadi k. ishtihar k. sluihrat 

d. mashhur k. phailana, dhaiiclhora k. 
Proclamation, s. ishtihar, manadi, dhan- 

dhora. 
Procrastinate, v. talna, tarna, aj-kal k. 

der k. lait-o-laall k. [o-laall, takhir. 
Procrastination, s. tal-matol, jtjkal, lait- 
Procreate, v. janmana, paida k. taulid k. 
Proctor, s. adalat-ka wakil. [har. 

Procurable, a,, muyassar, dastyab,milan- 
Procure, v. hasil k. pana, baham pa- 

hunchana, uthana ; maug'wana. 
Procurer, s. hasil karne-wala, pane-\v*ala j 

dallal, bharwa. 
Procuress, s. kutni, dallala. 
Prodigal, a. urau, musrif, fazul-kharch. 
Prodigality, s. israf, fa/ul-kharchi, uru. 
Prodigious, a. bara, maha, ajib, azam, 

liailjatwar. 

Prodigy, s ujaba, ajab-ul-ajaib, alamat. 
Produce, v. janna, paida k. phalna, up- 

jana ; lana, hazir k. zahir k. batlana ; 

karana. [faida. 

Produce, s. hasil, mahsul, paidaish ; nafa, 
Production, s. paidaish, hasil, phal : tas- 

nif, insha. [dar. upjdu. 

Productive, a. bahrawar ; zarkhc/, phal- 
1'rol'anation, s. be-adabi, bf-iint iya/f, 

tsnijis. [haiani. 

Profane, a. be-adab, be-itntiyaz ; uapak, 
Profane, v. napnk k. aliida k. palid k. 
Profess, v. iqriir k. i/.hiir k. tarif k. 
Professedly, ad. zalnran. iip-.u-.-'f. 
Profession, 8. iqvar, i/lmr, iatinif, qaul j 

pesha, hirfa, kasb. 

I'rof.'ssional, a. ainal), ju'sha-niansub. 
I'roffsso!-. >. inualliin, nuularris, ustad. 
Pi-dH'cr, r. arzk.darpesli k.ap-r. ; cliahna. 
I'rolicicncy, ^. taraijiji, talisil, maliarat, 

fa/ilat. -'il, maliir. 

Prolicient, a.waqif-i-kar, siiiiib-i-taraqqi, 



PRO 



119 



PRO 



Profilo, s. tnswir-i-yak-chashtm ; nim- 

ehihra. [labh. 

Profit, .--. si'ul, faida, unfa, nuniata, basil, 
Profitable, a. stidmaml, faidamand, mu- 

fid, ni.fi. 

Profitably, o.'L ba-fiiida, ninfi'datia. 
Profligacy, s. badkari, tisq, fasad, shara- 

rai, shuhdapan. [klianib. 

Profligate, <i. badkar, fiisiq, fajiir, klnvar, 
Profound, a. gahra,gamblnr.amiq ; alim ; 

bank. [rat-ul-ilm. 

Profundity, s. gahrai,UTntiq ; fazilat, kas- 
Profuse, a. musrif, fazul-kharch ; ganini. 
Profusion, s. israf, fazul-kharchi ; ifrat, 

kasrat, lirawani. 

Progenitor, s. jadd, peshina, purkha. 
Progeny, s. an lad, nasl, al, bans. 
Prognosis, s. pesh-shinasi. [ban. 

Prognostic, s. alamat, nishan, pesh-kha- 
Prognosticate, v. peshgoi k. peshkha- 

bari d. dalalat k. [go. 

Prognosticator, s. peshgo, mnnajjim, fal- 
Progress, s. chal, raftar, peshrawani ; 

taraqqi ; sair, safar, daur. 
Progression, s. pesbrawi, chal. [hanhar. 
Progressive, a. posli-rau ya rawan, bar- 
Progressively, ad. ba-tadrij, rafta-rafta. 
Prohibit, v. mana k. nahi k. nafi k. baz 

r. rokna. [mumtana. 

Prohibited, a. mamnua,Tnanhi,inahruin, 
Prohibition, s. mana, mumanat, manalu, 

iintina. [hikniat. 

Project, s. ijad, tadbir, mansuba, tajwiz, 
Project, v. ijad k. tadbir k. mansuba k. j 

nikal-ana ; age dalna. 
Projection, s. nikal, ubhar ; pesh-andazi ; 

naqsh, rasm ; mansuba. [bnz. 

Projector, s. mukhtari, inujid, mansuba- 
Prolitic, a. phal-d^r, muwallid, phaianii, 

larkori, bachcha-kash. [fassal . 

Prolix, a. tawil, daraz, tul-kalam, mu- 
Prolixity,s.tul-tawili,dai-azi,tul-kalami. 
Prologue, s. tamhid, sar-agaz, dibacha. 
Prolong, v. daraz k. tawii k. barhana, 

phailana. [qulla. 

Prominence, s. ubhar, afraz, unchai, 
Prominent, a. ubhar-huii; phula-hua, un- 

cha, zaliir. 



Promiscuous, a. makblut, mila-hua, dar- 

liain-lt:irhain, glialnu'l, garbar. 
Pnuuis^, 9, icjrai-, \vada, (jaul, ahd, pai- 
rromisi', v, i([rar k. qaul k. wada k.[man. 
Promised, a. icp-ar hua, niauild, maliiid. 
Promising, K. i([rar-saz ; ptikbiiz, kliush- 

nii/.aj, nekbakht. [numa. 

Promissory, a. qarari, sbarti, tahud- 
Promontory, s. zamin-kinok, bini-i-koh. 
Promote, v. barhana, sarfaraz k. taraqqi 

k. taqwiyat d. dastgiri k. 
Promoter, s. mutaraqqi, mnharrik. 
Promotion, s. taraqqi, sai--farazi, barhti, 

barhau, taqwiyat, dastgiri. [hazir. 
Prompt, a. tezdast, chalak,chust ; taiyar, 
Prompt, v. batlana, yad dilana ; tahrik 

k. targib d. [jaldi. 

Promptitude, s. tezdasti, chalaki, cliusti, 
Promulgate, v. ishtihar k. shuhrat d. iz- 

har k. chalana. 

Prone, a. sir jhukn, zer-ru, mail, ragib. 
Prong, s. kanta, shakh. 
Pronominal, a. zamiri, zamir-mansub. 
Pronoun, s. zamir, adat-i-kliitab. 
Pronounce, v. talafiuz k. uchcharna ; qa- 

za k. fatwa d. [char. 

Pronunciation, s. talaffuz, makhraj, uch- 
Proof, s. isbat, dalil, dalalat, burhari, 

hujjat, gawahi, shahadat ; imtihan, taj- 

ruba, azmaish. 
Proof, a. jancha hua, ayar-rasida ; na- 

mumkin-i-nafaz, sakht. [kiya. 

Prop, s. tek, thuni, pusht, pushtiban, ta- 
Propagate, v. janna, upjana, paida k. ; 

jari k. phailana. f sluir ; ai'zaisli. 

Propagation, s. paidaish, tawallud ; inti- 
Propagator, s. walid ; riwaj-dene-\v. jari 

karne-wala. 

Propel, v. chalana, daurana, hankna. 
Propense, a. mial, ragib, rujii. 
Propensity, s. mail, shauq, ragbat. 
Proper, a. laiq, wajib, shaista, muwafiq, 

munasib ; rawa ; khass, makhsus ; du- 

rust, thik. [haqiqat-men. 

Properly, ad. laiqana, achchhi tarah ; 
Property, s. khasiyat, sifat, kailiyat ; 

mal, milkiyat, amlak. [khan-i-gaib. 
Prophecy, s. gaib-goi, peshiu-goi, su- 



PRO 



120 



PRU 



Prophesy, v. gaib-kikhabard.age-sebat- 
Prophet, s. nabi, paigambar, rasul.[lana. 
Prophetic, a. nabwi, rasuli, gaib-numa. 
Propitiate, v. milana, manana,mihrban k. 
Propitiation, s. kafara, mihrban-sazi, 

milap. [saz. 

Propitiatory, a. kafara-amez, mihrban- 
Propitious, a. mihrban, khair-khwah, 

tnutawajjih. 
Proportion, s. andaza, miqdar, munasi- 

bat, hamwari, barabar hissa. 
Proportion, v. ham-andaza k. munasib 

k. barabar miqdar k. 
Proportionate, a. ham-andaz, munasib, 

muwafiq, hamwar. [nasib-karna. 

Proportioning, s. ham-andaza-sazi, mu- 
Proposal, s. sawal, arz. sukhan, bat, dar- 

khwast ; maqsiid, tajwiz. 
Propose, v. arz k. darpesh k. sawal k. 
Proposition, s. see Proposal, [izhar k. 
Proprietor, s. malik, khawind, sahib. 
Propriety, s. liyaqat, shaistagi, munasa- 

bat, durusti. 

Prorogue, v. manquf k. naga k. tal d. 
Prosaic, a. nasri, nasr-mansub. 
Proscribe, v. mana k. ; qatl-ka hukm d. 
Prose, s. nasr, kalam-i-mansur. 
Prosecute, v. pairawi k. darpai h. istim- 

rar k. ; nalish k. [nalish, dawa. 

Prosecution, s. pairawi, talash, tagapd ; 
Prosecutor, s. muddai, dadkhwah, badi. 
Proselyte, s. nau-murid, muataqid. 
Prosody, s. ilm-i-uriiz, mizan. 
Prospect, s. nazar, did ; madd-i-nazar ; 

ummed, chashm-dast. 
Prosper, v. bakhtyar h. ya k. farkliunda 

h. ya k. kdmyab h. bahramandh. iqbal- 

mand h. 
Prosperity, s. bakhtyari, bahramandi, 

kamyabi, nekbakhti, iqbalmandi. 
Prosperous, a. bakhtyar, baklnawar, 

kamyab, bahramand, iqbalmand, sar- 

sabz. 

Prostitute, s. kasbf, loll, chhinal, beswa. 
Prostitution, s. chhinala, beswapan, 

zinakari. 
Prostrate, v. gira d. pachharna, past k. ; 

sijda k. sarbazamin r. 



Prostration, s. sijda, sajjad ; bequwati, 

zaifi, dilgiri. 
Protect, v. bachana, rakhiya d. hiraayat 

k. panah d. hifazat k. [muhafazat. 
Protection, s. himayat, bachao, panah, 
Protector,s.hami,hafiz,nigahban,dastgir, 
Protest, v. iqrar k. qaul k. ; inkar k. 

bar-aks iqrar k. [inkar. 

Protest, s. iqrar, itiraf ; bar-aks iqrar, 
Protract, v. daraz k. tul khainchna, bar- 

hana. 

Protrude, v. nikalna ; nikal ana ya parna. 
Protuberance, s. dhibka, ubhar, waram, 

ajai*. 

Proud, a.magrur,mutakabbir, ghamandi. 
Prove, v. sabit k. dalalat k. gawahi d. ; 

imtihan k. azmana ; hona, waqi h. 
Proved, a. subut, masbut, musajjal, 

mashhud ; azmuda. 

Provender, s. chara,ghaspat, alaf. khorak. 
Proverb, s. masal, masla, kahawat. 
Proverbial,a-.masali,masalana,kahawatf. 
Provide, v. taiyar k.muhaiyak. tadaruk 

k. ; shart k. [shart-se. 

Provided, c. dar surat, dar hal ki, is 
Providence, s. razzaqi, parwardigaii, 

khudai ; aqibat-andeshi, durandeshf. 
Provident, a. aqibat-andesh, diirandesh, 

mubassir. [huiyat-se. 

Providentially, ad. khuda-ki i'azal ya 
Province, s. suba; khidmat, kain. 
Provision, s. kliurak, khaua, giza ; tai- 

yari, tadbir, tahaiya. 
Provisional, a. hal-ke live muqnrrar ; 
Proviso, s. shart, aqd, iqrar. [sharti. 
Provocation, s. chher, chhir, gazab- 

angezi, tan. 
Ti-ovokc, v. chherna, khijana, khashm- 

mik k. ; tahn'k d. 

Provoking,a. ir:i/:in-:m<r< v z,khashrn-afroz. 
ProwesSjS.jurat, sliuJHat, bahaduri, dilt-ri. 
Prowl, r. gidftf-gaaht k. sungta-phirna. 
Proxiinaif, n. na/'lik, (janb, juis. 
Proximitvv. nazdiki, takrib, qurb, itiisal. 
Proxy, s. jwsizi, badli, nail). 
Prude, s. makkara, mahjub-i-i-iyakar. 
J 'nidi -nee, *. basii'at, ilitiyat, lihaz, tumiz, 

hoshyari. 



PUM 



121 



PUR 



Pumpkin, s. kadu, kadima, ghiya", lauka. 
Pun, s. ihara, zu-manaon, latifa, jugat. 
Punch, s. chheni ; qism-i-sharab ; maa- 

khara. 

Punch, v. chhedna, chheni marna, salna. 
Puncheon, s. chhnp, chheni ; bara pipa. 
Punctilio, s. takalluf, nuktasanji. 
Punctual, a. thik, sadiq, wadawafa, rast- 

ba-waqt. 

Punctuality, s. sachchai, kharai, rasti. 
Punctually, ad. rasti-se, sachchai-se. 
Puncture, s. nesh, surakh, chhed. 
Pungency, s. tezi, hiddat, jhal. 
Pungent, a. tez, hadd, tund, tita,parpara. 
Punish, v sazad. siyasatd. tazir d.dandna. 
Punishment, s. saza, siyasat, tazir, uqu 

bat, uqab. 

Puny, a. chhota, kuchak ; kamzor. 
Pupil, s. putli, mardum-i-chashm ; sha- 

gird, talmiz, murid. 
Puppet, s. putla, putli, guriya, labat. 
Puppy, s. pilla, kutru ; mardak, khush- 

poshak. 
Purblind, a. chundha, chundhla, teondha, 

kotah-nazar. 

Purchase, s. kharid, kharidari, sauda. 
Purchase, v. kharid k. mol lena, sauda k. 
Purchaser, s. kharidar, mushtari. 
Pure, a. saf, musaffa, pak, safi, saff, 

shaffaf; khalis ; pak-daman, pakiza; 

mubarra ; sirf, khali ; shusta. 
Purely, ad. sirf, mahz, khali j khalisan, 

be-gunah. 
Purgative, a. mus'hill, jullabf, safa- 

bakhsh. 

Purge, s. jullab, jhap. 
Purge, v. jharna,petchalana; saf k. pak k. 
Purification, 5. tat'hir, tuhr j tasfiya, 

paksazi. 

Purify, v. saf k. pak k. tat'hir k. ; nitharna. 
Purity, s. safai, safa, paki ; taharat, 

pakizagi, parhezgari ; ikhlas, safa-e- 

dil ; shustagi ; tahzib. 
Purloin, y. chori k. musna, khiyanat k. 
Purple, a. argawani, arjawani. 
Purport, s. mani, maqsad, mazmun, 

muddaa, natfja. 
Purport, v. maui batana, maqsad k. 



PYR 



122 



QUA 



Purpose, s. irada, qasd, niyat, azm, ninn- 

siiba, maqsud, murad ; on , qasdan, 

dida-o-danista ; to what , kisliye, 

1< is waste ? [garaz k. 

Purpose, v. irada r. mansriba baiidhna, 
Purposely, ad. qasdan, dida-o-danista, 

jaii-bujhkar. 

Purr, v. kharkhar k. khurkhur k. 
Purse, s. kisa, surra, thaili, tora. '[chi. 
Purser, s. jahaz-ka bhandari-o-khazan- 
Purslain,s.lona,khurfa,baqlat-ul-mahqji. 
Pursuant, v. mutabiq, muwafiq, ba-mu- 

jib, hasb. [k. taaqub k. 

Pursue,i;. pichha k. dar-pai janrt, pairawi 
Pursuit, s. pairawi, taaqub, raged ; ko- 

shish, sai, talash. 
Purulent, a.' pibiyaha ; rimpur. 
Purvey, v. khorak ya rasad pahunchana ; 

muhaiya k. taiyar k. 
Pus, s. pib, rim, resh, rad. 
Push, v. dhakelna, dhakka d. thelna, pel- 

na, relna, jhonkna ; daurana, dabana. 
Pusillanimity, s. be-dili, bnz-dili, na- 

mardi. 
Pusillanimous,a. be-dil,burz-dil, namard, 

be-himmat. 

Pustule,s.abila,chhala,phnnsi,pliaphola. 
Put, v. rakhna, rakh d. dliarna, lagana ; 

away, dur k. ; talaq d. ; aside, 
bartaraf k. ; by, rakh-chhorna ; 
dvn-n, hairan k. ; radd-i-kalam k. 
likhna, qalam-band k. ; mazul k. ; 
forth, daraz k. ; nikalna ; koshish k. ; 

in mind, yad dilana ; off, mau- 
qur r. talmatol k. ; uthana ; on, 
paliinnu, paliraua ; surat banana ; 
over, muqaddam k. barhana ; out, 
bujliana, itfa k. ; phorna ; ghabrana ; 
ta/.min k. ; to death, (|;itl k. mar- 
dalna ; to;/<//v, jcrua, jama k. 
muqabila k. ; -up with, salma, l.'ar- 
dasht k. ; vp foi', talib h. arzii k. ; 

upon, fareb d. [ufiinat. 
Putrefaction, s. saran, sarfiwat, b< 
Putrefy, v. sarna, iralna, ubasua ; sari'uui. 
I'utrid, a. sara, j^ila, bosida, .li-anda. 
I'u/.zlf, r. ^liabrana, liairaii k. paiTslian 
Pyramid, s. luim'ir ; Lariiiau. [k. tuny k, 



Q. 

Quack, s. nim-hakim, kachcha tabib, laf- 
Quack, v. kfin-kan k. ; lafzani k. [zan. 
Quackery, s. laf-zani, khud-faroshi, 

dawa-bazi. 
Quadrangle, s. chau-khuntha, shakl-i- 

murabba ya chau-gosha. 
Quadrant, s. chautha hissa, ruba ; ruba- 

i-daira, basita. 
Quadrilateral, a. chahar janibdar, mu- 

rabba, chau-pahlu. 
Quadruped, s. char-paya. 
Quadruple, a. chau-guna, charchand. 
Quaff, v. dhokna, piua. 
Quaggy, a. daldala, panka. 
Quagmire, s. daldal, pank, dhasan. 
Quail, s. bater, salwa, sumani. 
Quaint, a. nazuk, nafis, barik ; ajib. 
Quaintly, ad. nazakat-se, ba-diqqat ; aji- 

bi-se. [thartharana. 

Quake, v. kampna, larazna, daldalana, 
Qualification, s. liyaqat, istiadad, Luuar, 

ittisaf, sifat. [fiq. 

Qualified, a. la'iq, qabil, sazawar, muwa- 
Qualify, v. laiq k. qabil k. sazawar k. ; 

durust k. ; mutadil k. 
Quality, s. wasf, sifat, kaifiyat, kliasiyp.t, 

sirat, taba, mizaj ; martaba, paya, 

darja, jah. 

Qualm, s. ubkai, matlai; pashemnn. 
Quantity, s. iniqdar, qadr, andaza, mau- 

tad, wazn ; hissa, kuchh. 
Quarrel, . jhagr4 (ja/.iya, kharkhasha, 

munaqisha; site/a. [larua. 

Quarrel, v. jhagarna, qaziya k. siir/a k. 
Quarrelsome, a. jhagralu, siteza-kho, 

qaziya-jo, laraka. 

(Quarry, s. sangistan, kan-i-sang ; shikar. 
Quart, rf. ser, sor-bhar, ser-ka map. 
Quarter, s. ehauthai, pauwa, chaharumi, 

ruba; taraf, janib, wilayat ; mahalla ; 

amsin. [karana. 

(^uartrr, v. char-hissa k. ; basana, ma(j;im 
(Juarti'rly, a. si-maha, tri-masa. 
( l Miart('r.s,N.tliikana,basa.makan,maqam. 
, r. dabiia, dubaiiaj iziitaua, rudd 

k, batil k, 



QUO 



123 



RAK 



Quotation, s. iqtibas, dakhila, tanmiyat. 
Quote, v. iqtib&a k. daraj k. sanad lana. 
Quotient, s. hasil, mablag. 



E. 



Rabbit, s. khargosh, lamkana, lamh. 
Rabble, s. blur, rabaq-tabaq, awam-un- 

nass, rarndu-phatu. [khandan. 

Race, s. daur, taz ; asl, nasl, nasad, 
Racer, s tez-rau, tez-qadam. 
Rack, s. shikanja; azab, siyasat ; thathri. 
Rack, v. shikaiije-nien khainchna, azab 

k. ; dhal d. nikalna. 

Racket, s. gul-gapara, shor-shar ; danda. 
Radiance, s. partau, shua, raushni, lama, 

tajalli. 
Radiant, a. partau-andaz, munauvvnr, 

miraiif, darakhshan, nmtajalla, cha- 

mak-dar. [jagmagahat. 

Radiation, s. partau-andazi, lama-rezi, 
Radical, a. asli, zati, tabai. 
Radish, s. muli, rnurai, turb. 
Radius, s. nima-e-daira, nisf-ul-qatr. 
Raft, s. bora. 

Rafter, s. kari, kathi, barga, kandf, koro. 
Rag, s. chithra, dhajji, latta, gudar, par- 

cha, purza. [jbanjli. 

Rage, s. gussa, qahr, gazab, khaslim, jo.sh, 
Ragged, a. phata, tukre-tukre, gudar, 

muraqqa ; khurkhura. [sbadid. 

Raging, a. gazabnak, khashmntik, tund, 
Rail, s. kathara, kathgara, bara. 
Rail, v. kathara lagana, kathbandi k. ; 

dushnam d. tashnia k. gali d. 
Raillery, s. mizah, inazakh, isthiza, tha- 
Raimeiit, s. poshak, libas, kapre. [tha. 
Rain, s, menh, baran, barish, barkha ; 
Rain, v. barasua, pani parna. [baras. 
Rainbow, s. qaus-i-quzah, ram-dhauuk. 
Rainy, a. barsa-barsau, barani, bari.shi. 
Raisi 1 , i'. uthana, khara k. barpa k. cliar- 

haua ; barhana, sarafraz k. taraqqi k.; 

jama k. ; urana, phailana ; palna, par- 

warisli k. [dakh. 

Raisin, s. kishmish, mawiz, muuaqqa, 
Rake, s. ghas batorne-ka hathyar j riud, 

aubash, kharabati. 



RAT 



124 



RE A 



Rally, v. thathak. ya mania ; thambhna, 
Ram, s. mendha, bhera. [sambhalna. 
Ram, v. thasna, thesna, marna. 
Ramble, v. phirna, sair k. dolna. 
Rambler, s. harza-gard, awara, sailani, 

sair-baz. [na. 

Ramify, v. shakh-dar-shakh k. jal bandh- 
Rammer, s. thasni, gaz. [mustaidd. 
Rampant, a. mast, shokh, galib ; kudne 
Rampart,s. fasil, dewar-i-qila, shahar-pa- 
Rancid, a. bosida, bu-girifta, karwa. [nah. 
Rancour, s. kina, kinawari, bugz, kam. 
Random, s. ittifaq, be-thaur thikai, be- 

shasti. [phirna, gasht &. 

Range, v. arasta k. tartib d. sudharna ; 
Ranger, s. harza-gard, sailani ; kutta-ka 

nam. [paya,jah. 

Rank, s. saff, qatar; martaba, darja, 
Rank, u. saff' bandhna, qatar-se khara 

k. ; shumar k. samajhna. [kasir. 

Rank, a. badbu, bosida ; lamba-chaura ; 
Rankle, v. khatakna, jalna, pakna, qarha 

k. ; kina r. 
Ransack, v. chhan-marna, dhundh-mar- 

na, talash k. ; lut-lena, lutna. [autf. 
Ransom, s. fidiya, iida, nalbandi, chhor- 
Ransom, v. fidiya ya hda d. zad k. 
Rant, s. harza-goi, bak-bak, jhak. [na. 
Rap,v. thakthakana, thonkna, khatkhata- 
Rapacious, a. lutera, nichoru, garat-gar. 
Rapacity, s. garat-gari, gasab, lut-pat. 
Rape, s. chira-utaran, zabardasti, jabr. 
Rapid, a. jald, zud, tez-rau, tez, tund. 

tarkha. [tabi, zor. 

Rapidity, s. jaldf, zudi, tezi, tundi, shi- 
Rapine, s. lutpat, nalib, garat. [khushi. 
Rapture, s. wajd, be-khudi, hal, kamal- 
Rare,a. nadir, kamyabjajibjnazukjraqiq. 
Rarefy, v. patl k. ra(j!(| k. tiirhlana. 
Rarity, s. nadiri, kamyabi ; patlai, riq- 

qat, latafat ; nadira, tuhfa. 
Rascal, s. haramzada, sliarir, fasiq, pajj. 
Rase, v. hakk k. mahv k. ; dhtina, mis- 
mar k. [utaola. 
Rash, a. be-lihaz, be-tadbir, be-ihtiyat, 
Rashly, ad. jaldi-se, be-taammul, be- 
Rasp, i?. reti, sohn. [tadbirana. 
Rat, 6-. chuha, niuaa, mush. 



Ratan, s. bet, chhari. 

Rate, s. qimat, mol, nirkh ; mahsul, khi- 

raj ; andaza, munasabat ; taur. 
Rate, v. andaza k. qimat thahraiia ; jhi- 

rakna, tambih k. [isse bihtar. 

Rather, ad. pahle, peshtar, pesh, qabl, 
Ratification, s. taqarrur, istiqrar, iqrar, 

taqwiyat. [qarar k. 

Ratify, v. muqarrar k. muaiyan k. bar- 
Rational, a. natiq, sahib-i-aql, sahib-i- 

idrak ; maqul, shaista. 
Rationality, s. aql, fahm, idrak, nutq ; 

maquliyat, shaistagi. [lana. 

Rationally, ad. aql-se, idrak-se, maqu. 
Rattle, s. jhanjhanahat, kharkharakat 

bhunbhuna, dhundhuna. [jhan k.5 
Rattle, v. kharkharana, jhanjhanana, 
Ravage, v. takht-o-taraj k. wiran k. pae- 

mal k. ujarna. 
Rave, v. barbarana, bakbak k. hiziyan 

bakna, majnun-asa bakna. [pecli k. 
Ravel, v. uljhana, darham-barham k. 
Raven, s. jangli kauwa, zag-i-dashti. 
Ravenous, a. marbhukha, petii ; darinda. 
Ravish, v. chira utarna, hurmat lena ; ba- 

zor lena; mohna, khush k. dil-shadk. 
Raw, a. kachcha, kliam, na-pukhta, na- 

rasida, na-azmuda, taza ; chhila hua ; 

na-bafta, sard. [thand. 

Rawness, s. kachchai, na-pukhtagi ; sardf, 
Ray, s. partau, shua, kiran, chainak. 
Raze, v. ukhaf na, mahnet k. mismar k. j 
Razor, s. ustura, chhura. [mitana. 

Reach, s. pahunch, dastrasi, qudrat, maq- 

dur ; fareb, fitrat, hila ; pech, kluun. 
Reach, v. pahunchna ; lagua, hath-se pa- 

na ; dast-daraz k. pakra d. ; nuuld k. 
Reaction, s. baz-gasht, dafa, paltao. 
Read, I'.parhna, banchua, mutala k. dars 1. 
Kciult T, s. ])arhne\vala, parhwaiya, qarf, 

kliwaninda. [laki ; arzu. 

K cadi ness, s. taiyari, amadagi, jaldi, cha- 
Kcadiiig, s. parhiia, qiraat, khwaudagi- 

dai-s. 

, a. taiyar, amada, maujud, mus- 

taidd ; tez, chalak, tez-fahm, /Irak ; 

ar/ihiiaiid. [sachclia. 

Real, a. haqiqi, asli, yaqini, aiui, zati, 



REG 



125 



REG 



Reality ,i\haqiqat,asalat,y;\qm,sachchai. 
Realize, r. liusil k. maujiid k. haqi'qi k. 
Really, ad. haqiqatan, yaqman, albatta, 

sach, fil-waqi, fil-haqiqat. 
Realm, s. mulk, tnamlukat, badshahat. 
Ream, s. bis dasta ya do gaddi kagaz. 
Reanimate, v. phir jilana, baz rinda k. 
Reap, v. katna, dirau k. launa; pana, 

hasil k. 

Reaper, s. katwaiya, katne-w. dirau-gar. 
Rear,s. pichha, pichhwara, pichhan fanj. 
Rear, v. uthana, khara k. afraz k. ; bind k. 

tamir k. ; palna, posna ; chirag-pa h. 
Reason, $. aql, fahm, idrak, mudrika, 

nutq ; sabab, bais, mujib, wasta, jihat ; 

dahl, hujjat; iticlal, insaf. 
Reason, r. bahs k. mubahasa k. muna- 

zara k. charcha k.; taammul k. 
Reasonable, a. vrajib, shaista, munasib, 

maqul ; aqlmand. [rir. 

Reasoning, s. mubahaaa, munazara, taq- 
Rebel, s sarkash, bagi, asi, munharif. 
Rebel, u. sir uthana, sarkaslii k. gardan- 

kashi k. bagawat k. fitna. 

Rebellion, s. bagawat, sarkashi, inhiraf, 
Rebellious, a. bagi, gardankash, muanid. 
Rebound, v. baz-gasht k. palatna, palta 

khana, phiraa/lautna. 
RebutF, s. jhirki, ghurki, dafa, radd. 
Rebuke, v. malamat k. sarzanish k. 

dantna, dhamkana. 

Recall, v. pher bolana ; barkhast k. ; jila- 
na ; yad k. ; utha-dena ; naskh k. 
Recant, v. irtidad k. inhiraf k. rae ba- 

dalna, phir jana. [tagi. 

Recantacion, s. irtidad, inhiraf, bargash- 
Recapitulate, v. mukhtasar, karke phir 

bay an k. natija-i-sukhan mukarrar k. 
Recede, v. phir jaiia, hatna, baz ana. 
Receipt, 5. rasid,dakhila,qabz,pahunch ; 

nuskna. [daramadani. 

Receivable, a. lene-jog, qabil-i-wusul, 
Receive, v. lena, qabz k. qabul k. ; pana, 

hasil k. wustil k. ; uthana, khana ; ane 

dena, mihmandari k. 
Received, a. makhuz, maqbuz, paya, liy^. 
Receiver, s. lewaiya lene-wala, akhiz ; 

khazauchi. 



Recent, a. naya, nau, jadid, abka. 
Rt^cently, ad. az-nau, jadidan, thore di- 

non-se. [dan. 

Receptacle,s. khana, ghar, makan, jagah, 
Reception, s. giriftagi, akhz, yaft ; qabul, 

ijabat, raza ; istiqbal, mihmandari. 
Recess, s. khalwat, poshidagi; khalwat- 

gah, makan, makhfi ; naga, waqfa. 
Recipe, s. nuskha, rasm-i-hakim. 
Reciprocal, a. do-tarfi ,janibain, tarfain, 

yakdigar. 

Reciprocally, ad. apas-men, az-tarfain. 
Recital, s. bayan, taqrir, naql, zikr. 
Recite, v. bayan k. taqrir k. naql k. 
Reckon, v. ginna, shumar k. ; samajhna, 

janna ; itimad k. [muhasib. 

Reckoner, s. hisab-karne-w. shumar-gir, 
Reckoning, s. ginti, hisab, shumar. 
Reclaim, v. sudhrana, durust k. ; baz 

talab k. 

Recline, v. takiya k. letna, par -jana. 
Recluse,s gosha-nashin,khalwat-nashm. 
Recognizance, s. shinakht, itiraf ; iqrar- 

nama, muchalka. [jana. 

Recognize, u. pahchanna, yad k. malum k. 
Recoil, v. palatna, palta khana, hatna. 
Recollect, v. yad k. zikr k. khatir-men 

rakhna, hosh pakarna. [zikr. 

Recollection, s. yad, yad-awari, tazkira, 
Recommence, v. az sar-i-nau shurii k. 

phir shuru k. 
Recommend, v. tarif k. wasf k. ; sifarish 

k. taqrib k. [wasf. 

Recommendation,s. sifarish, taqrib,tarif, 
Recompense, s. iwaz, badla, samra, phal, 

ajr, padash, mukafat. 
Reconcile, v. milana, manana, sulh k. 

tasfiya k. muwafiq k. [musalaha. 

Reconciliation, s. mel,milap,sulh,tasfiya, 
Record, s. daftar, tawarikh. 
Record, v. daftar-men dakhil k. darj k. 

mundaraj k. [qanun-go. 

Recorder, s. daftar-nawis, sarishta-dar. 
Recount, v. mufassal kahna, bayan k. 

naql k. 

Recourse, s, ruju, maaz, iltija. 
Recover, v. phir pana, phir paida k. wajd 

k. j shifa d. ya pana, chaiiga k. arain h. 



EEE 



126 



REG 



Recovery, s. baz-yaft, husul, wajd; shifa, 

sihhat, aram. [sair. 

Eecreation, s. bahlao, tafarruj, tafrih, 
Becriminate, v. palti tuhmat lagana, ek 

dusre-se tanazani k. 
Eecruit, v. taqwiyat d. izdiyad k. phir 

durust k, ; nigah-dasht k. nayi bhartik. 
Eecruit, s. naya sipahi. [sadhna. 

Rectify, v. durust k. islah d. sudharna. 
Eectitude, s. rasti, salah, sawab, kharai. 
Rector, s. sardar ; sardar-padri. 
Eecur, v. phir ana, taliwil k. yad ana ; 

ruju k. ikhtiyar k. 

Eecurrence,s. ruju, baz-amad, baz-gasht. 
Eed, a. lal, surkh, ah mar, hamra. 
Eedd en, v. surkh k. yah. lalh tamtamana. 
Eodeem, v. azad k. riha k. chhurana, 

fida k. ; bachana. 
Eedeemer, s. mustakhlis, fida-bakhsh, 

hami : al-masih. [rihai, 

Eedemption, s. istikhlas, azada..;!, [fida] 
Eedness, s. surkhi, lali. 
Eedound, v. taqwiyatd. ziyada k. afzun k. 
Eedress, u. islah k. tas'hih k. ; tadaruk 

k. chara d. faryadrasi k. 
Eeduce, u. pher lana ; kam k. takhfif k. 

ghatana ; zalil k. j nabud k. ; dabana, 

maglub k. 
Eeduction, s. pher-lana, bazawari ; gha- 

tao, takhfif, taqlil ; dabao, maglubi- 

yat ; mazuli. [yat, afzuni. 

Eedundance, s. bahutat, ziyadat, fuzulir 
."Redundant, a. ziyada, afzun, 7.aid, fazul. 
Eeduplicate, u. dohrana, dotah k. mu- 

zaaf k. 

Ee-echo, v. phir awaz d. radd-i-sada k. 
Heed, s. nai, nae, neza, ijal, sar, tir ; 

bansri, murli. 

Eeed-grass, s. patio, sarpat. 
Eeek, v. bhaph uthna ya chhuthna, 

dhuwan uikalna. 
Ecel, s. charkha, kalaba, charkhi,ateran, 

takla ; uachrka ([ism. 
Reel, v. aterna, jiarctua, laehcha banana ; 

larmarana, tulmnlana, ^agmagfilUL 
Ee- enforce, u. tacjvviyat d. taidk. yj'yadak. 
r, v. phir bhitarjana,bazdakhilk. 
Jlo-establish, y.phir muqarrar k. bahal k. 



Eefer, v. ruju k. ru-ba-kar k. suptird k. 

tafwiz k. ; lagna, nisbat r. alaqa r. 
Reference, s. ruju, tafwiz, siparish ; ala- 

qa, nisbat. 
Eefine, v. saf k. musaffa k. khalis k. ; 

zai'if k. nj'izuk k. ; nokta-giri k. 
Refinement, s. safai ; zarafat, latafat ; 

diqqat, bariki, nukta. 
Refit, v. marammat k. sarna. 
Reflect, v. patta d. aks andaz k. ; taam- 

mul k. fikr k. gaur k. ; ilzam d. mala- 

mat k. 
Reflection, s. aks, inikas, parchhainj 

taammul, fikr, gaur, ilzam, malamat. 
Reflector, s. aks-andaz j mutaammil, an- 
Reflux, s. baz-rawani, bhatha, jazr.Tdesh. 
Reform, v. durust k. islah k. bihtar k. 

sudhrana. [sudhra. 

Reformation, s. islah, tashih, tadib, 
Reformer,5.muslih, bihtar-saz, sudbarak. 
Refractory, a. sar-kash, muta-mard, 
Refragable, a. mumkin-ul-radd. [magra. 
Refrain, v. baz-aua, parhez k. ihtiraz k. 



Refresh, v. bahlana. taza-dam k. asaish 

d, ; sard k. thaiula k. 
Refreshment, s. asaish, tar-o-tazagi, is- 

tirahat, aram ; taam, klmrak. 
Refuge, s. panah, asra, amn, jae-panah. 

malja ; malaz. [multaji, 

Refugee, s. panah-gir, aman-khwah, 
Refulgence, s. tajalli, jalwa, roshnai, tab. 
Refulgent, a. jahva-gar, raushan, tabnak, 

nuranj'. 

Refund, u. pher d. wapas d. baz ada k. 
Eefusal, s. inkar, na-paziri, na-qabiilf, 

nafi. [bul k. nakarna. 

Refuse, v. inkar k. na-pasand k. na-qa 
Refuse, s. fuzla, akhor, chhant, khoya. 
Refutation, s. radd, butlan, ibtal. 
Refute, v. radd k. batil k. mansukh k. 

jhutalna. [k. 

i, v. pher pana, phir hasil k. wajd 

Regal, a. I>a<lsli;ihi,l>a(l8liahuna,xliahana, 

Regality,s. saltanat,padshahi.[khu=ira\vi. 

Regard, v. nazar k. nigah k. mutawaj^jih 

h. mulahi/a k. ; manna, aziz janua, 

iltifut k. j nisbat r ; wafa k. 



EEL 



127 



REM 



Regard, 5. nigah, mulahiza, tawnjjuli ; 

takrim, iltitat, dosti, itibar ; nisbat. 
Regardless, a. be-parwa,be-khabar, gaiil. 
Regencv, s. hukumat-i-janishin, tadbjr- 

i-qaini muqam. 

Regenerate, r. phcr paida k. baz wajud k. 
Regeneration, s. nau-paidaish, naya, ja- 

mun. [qam-i-badshah. 

it, s. janishin-i-sultan, qaim-mu- 

Reginien, s. tadbir-i-giza, timar, parhez. 

Regiment, s. paltan, dasta; (of horse) 

:ila. [marzbum. 

Region, s. mulk, -wilayat, iqlini, diyar, 

'T, 5. daftar, awarja; tawarikh. 
Regret, u. afsos k. hasrat r. pachhtana, 

taassuf k. [tawa. 

Regret, s. afsos, taassuf, hasrat, pachh- 
Regular, a. muwafiq-i-qaida,rasmi,m.un- 

tazam, qanuni, barabar, durust. 
Regulation, s. araish, intizam, tartib ; 

ain, qanun, dastur-ul-aml. 
Rehearsal, s. takarrur, takrit, bayan. 
Reject, v. radd k. bartaraf k. dur k. ni- 

qal d. naqabul k. namanziir k. ; qai k. 

ugalna. [uglau. 

Rejection, s. radd, na-qabuliyat, inkar ; 
Reign, s. badshahi, saltanat, amal, raj. 
Reign, v. badshahi k. saltanat k. farman- 

rawai k. [ada k. 

Re-hnburse, v. hvaz d. tawani d. bhard. 
Rein, s. bag, inan, zamam, ras. 
Reins, s. gurde, kamar, lank, kati. 
Re-instate, v. phir inuqarrar k. bahal k. 
Rejoice, v. khush h. ya k. shadman h. ya 

k. rnasrur h. n'jhna, khushnud h. 
Rejoicing, s. shadi, shadmam, surur, 

aish-o-ashrat. 
Rejoin, v. phir jorna, baz jama k. ; phir 

milna, baz wasl k. ; radd-i- ja^vab k. 
Reiterate, v. barbar kahna, takarrur k. 

dohrana. 

Relapse, s. aud-i-marz, iyada, naks. 
Relate, u. bayan k. taqrh- k. naql k. kah- 
na ; alaqa r. nisbat r. lagna, milna. 
Relation, s. bayan, taqrir, naql, qissa, 

hikayat; alaqa,nisbat: rishta : klnvesh, 
Relationship, s. qarabat, khweslxi. r qnrib. 
Relative, s. khwesh, qarib, rishtadar. 



Relative, a. mansub, mutaalliq, nisbatf, 
haqq-men, 

lielnx, '. dliila k. kushadak. ; far;u 

sust h. narm h. ; tafarruj k. tafrih k. 

bahUina. 
Relaxation, s. dhil, dhilaf, kushadagi ; 

susti, kahili, faragat ; tafarruj, tafrili. 
Release, v. a/ad k. riha k. rihai d. chho- 

rana, chhorna. [laim h. 

Relent, v. narm-dil h. shafaqat r. mu- 
Relentless,a.be-rahTn,be-shafaqat,R:mg- 

dil. [tawakkul. 

Reliance, s. itiqad, itimad, iatibar, takya, 
Relict, s, bewa, rand. 
Relief, s. madad, pushtf ; aram, chain, 

takhfif, taskm, ilaj ; badli. 
Relieve, v. madad d. pnshti k. ; aram d. 

taskin d. tasalli d. ; badli karana. 
Religion, s. din, mazhab, iman, millat, 

maehrab. [dar, salih. 

Religious, a. dmi,mazhabi, dindar, iman- 
Relinquish, v. chhorna, chhor d. tyiigna, 

tark k. darguzarna. [zashtagi, tark. 
Relinquishment, s. chhorao, tyag, gu- 
Relish,s.maza, lazzat,zaiqa, zauq ;shauq. 
Relish, v. maza d. lazizk. khushzaiqa k. ; 

pasand k. [lafat, dareg. 

Reluctance, s. be-dili, na-khushi, rnukha- 
Reluctant, a. be-dil, na-khush, kashida- 

khatir, na-razi. 
Rely, v. bharosa r. takya k. itimad r. ba- 

war k. tawakkul k. 
Remain, v. rahna, thaharna, iqamat k. 

hona ; baqi r. ya h. paedar h. ; bach- 

na, nikalna, chhutna. [bachti. 

Remainder, s. baqi, baqiya, tatimma, 
Remains, a. baqia, fuzalat ; lash, murda. 
Remark, s. nigah, agahi ; bat, kaha, qua!, 

inaqula. [kahna. 

Remark, v. nigah k. lihaz k. again' k. j 
Remarkable, a. wajib-ul-malahiza, ajib, 

garib, mashhur, mumtaz. [ra pa/ir. 
Remediable, a. ilaj-pazir,islah-pazir, cha- 
Remediless, a. la-ilaj, be-chara, la-char. 
Remedy,s. ilaj, chara, dawa, islah, tadbir 

tadaruk. 

Remember, u. yad r. ya k. khatir-men r. 
chetnaj pahchanna. 



EEP 



128 



EEP 



Remembrance, s. yad, yadawari, chet. 
Remind, v. yad dilana,tazkir k. chetana. 
Remiss, a. dhila, sust, majhul, gafil. 
Remission, s afu, muaf i, amurzish, takh- 

fif, riayat. ' 
Remit, v. afu k. mnaf k.bakhshna; takh- 

fif k. ghatana ; bhejna, irsal k. [di. 
Remittance, s. muafi ; irsal, tarsil ; hun- j 
Remnant,s. baqi, baqiya, tatimma; fuzla. j 
Remonstrance, s. arzi, arz-i-ahwal, gila, j 

shikayat. [ni, nadamat. j 

Remorse, s. pachhtawa, afsos, pashema- 
Remote, a. dur, baid, dur-daraz. 
Removal, s. intiqal, naql-i-makan, kuch, 

rihlatj dafiya; inazuli, tagiri. 
Remove, v. naql-i-makan k. uth-jana, 

chala-jana, kuch. k. ; dur k. sarkana, 

dafa k. mazul k. [jaza d. 

Remunerate, u. bhar d. iwaz d. ajr d. 
Remunerative, a. iwazi, ajri. [tasadum. 
Rencounter, s. muqabala, jang-o-jadal ; 
Rend,w. pharna,chirna,chakk.maskana. 
Render, v. phira d. ws'ipas d. dena, ada 

k. ; tarjuma k. ; hawala k. ; karna. 
Rendezvous^.majma.jamiyatgah.maqar. 
Renew, v. naya k. sar-i-nau k. taza k. j 

takarrur k. ; tajdid k. 
Renewal, s. tajdid, takarrur, tahwil. 
Rennet, s. panir-ka maya, maya-i-shir. 
Renounce, v. inkar k. chhor d. tark k. 
Renown, s. nam, namwari, shuhra, izzat. 
Renowned,a.namwar, neknam,masbliur. 
Rent, s. chak, chir, sbigaf ; kiraya, ijara, 

bhara ; amdani, muhasal. 
Renter, s. kiraya-dar, ijara-dar, bliaraiti, 

malguzar. [ty^o'- 

Renunciation, s. inkar, qata-i-ilaqa, t;irk, 
KI pair, v. inarurnmat k. durust k. san- 

warna, sarna ; jana, ohalna. 
Repriration,*-. niarammat, dtifusti ; iwax, 

l>adla, tawan. 

Repartee, >s. Jia/ir-jawabf, badilia, zarifa. 
Repast, s. nslita, ta;iui, kliaiui. , bliard. 
!.' pay, v. phir d. iwaz d. baillii d. aji- d. 
Repeal, v. manpukh k. batil k. rudd k. 
Repeat, u. dobara k. plier k. dulinina, 

takrai- k. mukarrar k. phir kahiu, 

naql k. buy an k. 



Repeatedly, ad. barbar, barha, dafatan, 

ba-takrar. 
Repel, v. dur k. dafa k. radd k. hata d. 

rafa k. [k. tauba k. 

Repent, u. paclihtana, afsos k. pashemau 
Repentance, s. pachhtawa, afsos, pashe- 

mani, tauba. [bayan. 

Repetition, s. takarrur, takrar, dohrawa; 
Repine, v. gam khana, z-anjida h. kurh- 

na, jhurna. 

Replace, v. pherrakhna, bahalk. badlir. 
Replenish, v. bhar k. bharpur k. mamur 

k. bharna. 
Replete, a. pur, bharpur, bhara hua, 

mamur. [kasrat. 

Repletion, s. pun, bharti, bharpuri, serf, 
Reply, v. jawab d. radd-i-jawab d. 
Reply, s. jawab, radd-i-kalam, nttar. 
Report,*, khabar, shuhra, awaza;afwah, 

nam, zikr; awaz, sada; siirat-i-hal, 

kaifiyat. [khwab. 

Repose, s. aram, asaish, chain ; nind, 
Repose, v. aram k. sulana ; sona ; rakh- 

na, sompna, takiya k. [zabun. 

Reprehensible, a. mayub, qabil-i-ilzam, 
Represent, u. dikhlaua, izhar k. batlana, 

taswir k. taqlid k. naql k. ; arz k. j 

waqil h. 
Representation, s. dikhlai, izhar, taswir, 

shabih : arzi, arz-dasht ; wakalat. 
Representativa, s. wakil, uaib, qaim- 

maqani. 

Repress, u. dabana, rokna, thambhna, 
Reprieve, s. waqta, inuhlat, chliut-kara. 
Repi-imaudjS. mahimat, sarzanish, ilzam, 

cli;:siun-iiumHi. 
Reprimand, v. dantna, jharakna, sarza- 

nish k. ilzam d. [d. 

licproach, v. tan k. malamat k. dnshnam 
ILcproachj.s. tan, tana, ma hi ma t,dushnain. 
Iit'l!-oachful, a. zabiin-daraz, malamat- 

amt'z, taua-zan. 
Keprobato, it. fasid, khwar, khasta, bad- 

kiir; maniud. 

Reprobate, v. radd k. inkar k. nafrat r. 

lu-pi'ool'.s. L;-()sliiii;iii,sar/.aiiish. nialainat. 

aali d. sui'zaniah k. il- 

zaui d. dantua. 



RES 



129 



RES 



Rrpiile, s. kira makora, kirm, hashrat. 
Republic, s. jumhur, khass-o-amm-ka 

saltanat. [mukhalafat. 

Repugnance, s. dareg, nafrat, gurez ' 
Repugnant, a. mukhalif, mugayir, mu- 

iizifi, gair-mutabiq. [man. 

Repulse, s. dafa, shikast, radd, rafa, hir- 
Ueputable, a. muatabar, neknam ; izzat- 

dar, bhala. [narm. 

Reputation, s. hurmat, jzzat, abru, nek- 
Repute, v. janna, bujhna, samajhna, gin- 

na, snurnar k. 
Repute, 5. see Reputation. 
Request. s.darkh wast, arz,iltimas 3 sawal; 

in , rawaj, matlub. 
Request, v. darkhwast k. arz k. iltimas 

k. chahna, mangna, talab k. puchhna. 
Require, v. cliahna, mangna, zarur h. 

muqtaza h. 

Requisite, a. darkar,zarur,lazim, matlub. 
EequitaljS. iwaz, badla, mukafat, padash. 
Requite, v. iwaz k. jaza d. badla 1. 
Rescind, v. mansukh k.mauquf k. uthana, 

utha d. [shur. 

Rescript, s. farman, hukm-nama, man- 
Rescue, v. chhorana, azad k. riha k. ba- 

chana. [khoj. 

Research, s. talash, taftish, just-o-ju, 
Resemblance, s. mushabahat, tashabuh, 

tamsil. [milna. 

Resemble, v. mushabahat r. manind h. 
Resent, v. bura manna, khafa h. kina r. 
Resentment, s. kma,bugz, adawat, gazab. 
Reserve, s. rakh-chhora gaya mal, takh- 

sis ; shart, istisna ; ihtiyat, kamgoi. 
Reservation, s. bachau, baz-darf ; riya, 

riya-kari ; shart. 
Reserve, v. rakhna, bacha-r,rakh-chhor- 

na, jugana, bar-taraf r. bazr.le-rahkna. 
Reserved, a. rakh-gaya ; sharmila, kam- 

go, tera-zamir, na-kushada. [ambai-. 
Reservoir, s. hauz, talab, abdan ; khazana, 
Reside, r. rahna, sukunat k. bud-o-bash 

k. maqam k. [nat, iqamat. 

Residence,s. ghar, malcan, maqam ; suku- 
Resident, a. rahne-w. bashinda, muqim ; 

wakil-i-badshah. 
Residue, s. baqi, baqiya, tatimma,bachti. 



Resign, r. chhorna, tyagna, tavk k. hath 

uthana ; istifa k. ; sompna, supurd k. ; 

tawakkul k. ; dena, de-dalna. 
Resignation, s. tark, guzashtagi, istifa ; 

tawakkul : mutabaat. 
Resin, s. dhiina, ral, chemp, karayal. 
Resist, v. thambhna, rokna. muqabala k. 

muqawamat k. mukhalafat k. mnzahi- 

mat k. 
Resistance, s. muqawamat, muzahimat, 

muqabalat, mumanaat. [mardud. 

Resistible, a. qabil-i-madfua, mumkin-i- 
Resistless, a. naqabil-i-madf ua, na-mum- 

kin-i-mardud. 
Resolute, a. barqarar, mustaqill, ustu- 

war, sabit-qadam ; diler. 
Resolution^. azimat,qasd-i-musammam, 

azm ; sabit-qadami, ustuwari, dileri ; 

tafriq, dafa. [i-tarif. 

Resolvable, a. galau,qabil-i-tafriq, qabil- 
Resolve, v . thahrana, niyat r. qasd k. 

azimatr. hall k. galana; juda k. tafriq 

k. batlana, shubha dafa k. 
Resort, v. jana, ana-jana, amad-o-raft k. 
Resort, s. majma, bhir ; amad-o-raft. 
Resound, v. gunj r. sada k. Awaz d. ; 

mashhur k. 

Resource, s. ilaj, chai-a, asal, maya. 
Respect, v. takrim d. jzzat k. tazim k. 

adab k. ; munasabat r. alaqa r. 
Respect, s. takrim, izzat, tazim, adab; 

nisbat, alaqa. 
Respectable, a. muatabar, muazzaz, mu- 

karram, muhtarim. 
Respectful, a. muaddab, ihtiramdar, sa- 

hib-i-imtiyaz. [mutaalliq. 

Respecting, pr. babat-men, haqq-men, 
Re8pective,a.khass,makhsus,apna-apna. 
Respiration, s. dam-zadagi, tanaffus. 
Respire, v. dam-lena, tanafFus k. sans 

chhorna. [waqfa. 

Respite, s. nga, fursat, faragat, chhutti, 
Resplendent, a. raushan, darakhshan, 

tabdar, munauwar. [wafiq h. 

Respond, v, jawab d. ; mutabiq h. mu- 
Respondent, s. jawabi, jawabdih, asami. 
Response, s. jawab, [zimi^a, 

Responsibility, s. kafalat, jawab-diiii. 



RET 



130 



KEY 



Responsible, a. kafil, jawab-dih, zimma- 

dar; muatabar. 
Responsive, a. jawab-dih. 
Rest, s. aram, asaish, rah at, sukun, it- 

mman, chain, faragat; niiid, klrwab ; 

takiya ; baqi, baqiya. 
Rest, a. aur, aur sab, mabaqi. 
Rest, v. aram k. letna, sona ; sakin h. 

faragat r. ; takiya k. mauquf r. ralma, 

baqi ralma. 

Restitution, s. phirau, bazdihi, wapas. 
Restive, a. sarkash, gardankash, tnagra. 
Restless, a. be-aram, muztarib ; be-qarar, 

napaedar. [bahali ; shifa. 

Restoration, s. phirau, bazdihi, wapas ; 
Restorative, a. muqauwi, shifa-bakhsh. 
Restore, u. pher d. ya lana, wapas k. 

bahal k. shifa d. ; durust k. 
Restrain, v. rokna, atkaua, thambhna, 

zabt k. baz r. dabana. [rabt ; hadd. 
Restraint, s- rok, atkau, qaid, zabt-o- 
Restrict, v. hadd k. malidud k. band k. 

baz r. [bandi. 

Restriction, s. rok, qaid, hadd, hadd- 
Result, v. nikalna, uthna, milna, natija 

h. paida h. phalna. [hasil. 

Result, s. natija, anjam, phal, samra, 
Resume, v. pher 1. pher takrir k. pher 

ikhtiyar k. 

Resumption, s. baz-giri, pher-lena. 
Resurrection, s. hashr, bas-o-nashr, rus- 

takhez, qiyamat. 

Resuscitate, v. jilaiiJi, zinda k. ihya k. 
Retail, v. khurda bechna, khurda-l'aroshi 

k. phutkar bechna. 

Retain, u. i-akhna, laga r. tikana, nigali r. 
Retaliate, v. badla 1. i\v;tz d. intiqani k. 
Retaliation, s. badla, iwaz, intiqani, 11111- 

kafat. [k. 

Retard, u. atkana, baz r. takhir k. inuna 
Retch, v qai k. ukn?i, chhorna. 
Retention, i'.baz-dai-i, irnsj'ik.qnid ; liafi/.n. 
Retentive, a. gunjaishi j liii'z-dar, quwi- 

ul-hafiza. 
Reticular, a. jal-dar, jhanjlii-i-dai', nni- 

)bak. 

Retinue, s. sawarf, jilau, haslnnrii, zail. 
Retire, u. uth-jana, hat-jana, cluile-janu, 



dab-jana, kinare ho-jana, goshe-mert 

jana. [nishin. 

Retired, a. chhipa, goshagir, khalwat- 
Retirement, .s. khalwat, tanhai, gosha- 

nishini ; faragat, mazuli. [talkh d. 
Retort, v. palta d. palat inarna, jawab-i- 
Retract, v. inkar k. batil k. mansukh k. 

bat pherna. 
Retreat, s. khalwat-gah, gosha; paspai, 

gurez ; maman, panah. 
Retreat, v. paspa h. pusht d. pith d. 

gurez k. panah 1. 

Retrench, v. chhantna, kam k. ghatana. 
Retrenchment ; s.chhant-chhatau.ghatau, 

qata. [iwaz, talafi. 

Retribution, s. mukafat, jaza, badla, 
Retrievable, a. pher-pane-jog, islah-pa- 

zir, qabil-i-shifa. 

Retrieve^ . pherpana,islahk. sambhalna. 
Retrograde, s. paspa, wapas-rau ; makus, 

mukhaiif. 

Retrospect, "I s. pasbini, pasnazari, 
Retrospection, ] bazpurs, taqib. 
Return, v. phirna. pher ana yajariti, palat- 

na ; phir dena yabhejna, pahuncliana, 

wapas d.jawab d.tahwilk bahoshana. 
Return, s. phirau, pher, baz-gasht, ruju, 

nafa, muhasil ; badla, iwaz, jaza ; phir 

dena; surat-i-hal. [jor. 

Reunion, s. baz-wasl, phir-milna, phir- 
Reunite, v. phir jorna, phir milna ya 

milana. [fash k. 

Reveal, v. zahir k. ashkara k. hawaichi k. 
Revel, v. aish-o-ashrat k. badnmsii k. 

dhumdham k. [ilhani. 

Revelation, s. izhar, ifsha ; wahi, tau/il, 

I Revelry, s. aish-o-ashrat, bad-masti, 

dhumdham ; chakarba. 
Revenue, .s 1 . inticjam, ja/.a, padash, badla. 
KrvcitLrc, r. intiqani 1. padash 1. )>;ulla 

i. ]);iita 1. [kina. 

, a. kina-war,kina-kasli, pur- 
s. iii[i(|iiiu-.u-ir, knia-gu/ar, 

iniMitaqim. [sul, rusuin, madakliil. 
llrvciiuc, >'. malgn/ari, khiraj, baj, mah- 
Kcvcrbrratc, V. iu:hlia I jana, gunjna. 
licv-n', v. laki'iin k. laziiu k. buzurg 

janna, ihtiruiu k. 



BIG 



131 



RIN 



Reverence, s. takrim, tazim, ilitiram, 

ikram ; salam. 
Reverence, f. see Revere. 

ml, a. nmhtarim, aziz, muazzaz, 

mukarram, muaz/am. 
Reverential, a. muaddab, tazim-numa, 

ihtiram-kar. [ikram. 

Reverently, ad. aclab-se, ba kamal-i- 
Reverse, v. pherna, ultana, baraks k. 

munqalib k. [badbakhti, afat. 

Reverse, s. ulta, aks, inqilab, khilaf; 
Reversion, s. haqq-i'-wirasat, gardish. 
Revert, r. pliirna, baz ana, aid h. 
Review, v. pher deklma, baz nazar k. 

janchna, taitish k andesha k. arz-i- 

lashkar k. [tish; arz-i-lashkar. 

Review, s. nazar- i-sani, muqabila. ; taf- 
Revile, a. gali d. dushnarn d. malamat k. 
Reviler, s. malamat-go, tana-zan. 
Revisalj s. nazar-i-sani, muqabila, islah. 
Revise, v. nazar-i'Sani k. muqabila k. 

islah d. tashi'h k. 
Revival, s. jilau ; tazagi, sai'sabei. 
Revive, v. ji utbna, sarsabz h. taza li. 

baz zinda h. jagna ; jilana, zinda k. 

jagaua [radd k. 

Revoke, u. metna, utha d. inansukh k. 
Revolt, s. bagawat, bargashtagi, inhiraf. 
Revolution, s. gardish, daur, dauran, 

ghumau ; tabdil-i-saltanat, tahwil-i- 

dawari. 
Revolve, v. pliirna, ghumna, daur k. 

gardish k. fikr k. andesha k. gaur k. 
Reward, s. ajr, jaza, iwaz, bakhshish, 

sawab, muzd. 

Rhetoric, s. ilm-i-kalam, ilm-i-fasahat. 
Rheumatism, s. bai, bat, waja-i-mafasil. 
Rliinoceros, s. gainda, gargadan. [wand. 
Rhubarb, 5. rewand, rewand-chini, ra- 
Rhyme, s. qafiya, saja, manzuma, radif, 

nazm. 

Rib, s. pasli, panjar, panjri. [yafc- 

Ribaldry, s. phakkar, fuhshryat, puchi- 
Riband, s. phita, qor. 
Ribbed, s. panjri-dar, pahlu-dar. 
Rice,s.(inthelmsk) dhan,shali; (cleaned) 

chawal, birinj ; (boiled) bhat, khushka. 
Rich, a. maldar, tawangar, daulatmand, 



zardar ; serab, mewadar ; umda, fa* 

khir; niazcidar, mitha. [o-zewar. 

Rielies, s. mal, daulat, mal-o-mata, /ar- 
Rick, s. tuda, tal, dher. 
Rid, v. chhorana, azad k. nikal d. daf'a k. 
J!i(l(l;iiice,s. chhutkara,a7.adi, rihai ; dafa. 
Riddle, s, chalni, ghirbalj paheli, mu- 

amma, chistan, lugz. 
Ride, r. sawar h. chayhna, baithua; 

laugar-par h 

Rider, s. sawar, rakib, faris. 
Ridge, s. mend, tila, pushta; markacha, 

bunderi, bala-e-khana j qulla, sar j 

kangror, sar-i-zahr. 
Ridicule, s. thattha, thatholi, hansai, taz- 

hik, sukhriya, istiza, mazakh. 
Ridiculous, a. muzhik, sukhra-angez, 

yawa, harza, be-huda. 
Rifle, v. lutna, garat k. churana. 
Rig, v. arasta k. sanwarna. 
Right, a. laiq, wajib, shaista ; thik, du- 

rust, sahih, rast, barabar, sidha j da 

hina. 

Right, int. khub, khair ; thik, sach. 
Right, s. haqq ; insaf, adl ; ikhtiyar ; 

mal ; dahina, tarf-i-rast. [shid. 

Righteous, a. nek, rast, salih sadiq, ra- 
Righteousness, s. neki, rasti, sidq, sala- 

hiyat. [haqq. 

Rightful, a. haqiqf, haqq-dar, musta- 
Rigid, a. karra, sakht, durusht, tund, 

shadid. 

Rigidity, s. karra i, sakhti, durushti. 
Rigour, s. sakhti ; thand, sardi. 
Rigorous, a. karra, sakht, shadid j thik. 
Rill, s. soti, iiala, chhoti nahr. 
Rim, s. kinara, lab, kor. 
Bind, s. chhal, chhilka, post, qishr. 
Ring, s. halqa, kundli, kara; daira, 

ghera ; chhalla ; anguthi, angushtari. 
Ring, v. bajana, jhankarna, jhanjhanana, 

thanthauana. 

Ringdove, s. hamam, fakhta, panduk. 
Ringleader, s. sar-i-garoh, sat-i-halqa, 

mabni-e-fasad. [daira. 

Ringlet, s. zulf, kakul, gesu, jad, kham, 
Bingwomij s. dad, bhainsa-dad. 
Rinse, v. khangalna, kachharna, dhona. 



ROC 



132 



ROT 



Riot, s, hangama, gauga, danga, hullar. 
Riotous,a.dangebaz,fitna-angez ; aubash. 
Rip, v. pharna., chak k. chirna; khol d. 
Ripe, a. pakka, pukhta, rasida, balig ; 

taiyar. 

Ripen, v. pakna, rasida h. ; pakana. 
Ripeness, s. pakai, pukhtagi ; rasidagi ; 

liyaqat. 

Ripple, v. pani hilna, laharna. 
Rise, v. uthna, khara h. charhna, tulu h. 

tali h. ; ugna ; nikalna, zahir h. ; 

barhna, ziyada h. taraqqi k ; agaz 

k. paida h. 

Rise, s. agaz, asl, ibtida ; sarafrazi, taraq- 
qi, ziyadati, izdiyad ; charhau, tulu. 
Risible, a, zahik, khanda-khez. 
Risk, s. khatra, da* 1 . 
Risk, v. khatre-men dalna. 
Rite, s. rasm, qaida, am, tariqa, ravish. 
Ritual, s. qaida-o-rasm-i-allah ; kitab-i- 

fiqa. [matlab. 

Rival, s. harff, raqib, ham-khwah, ham- 
Rivalry, s. harifi, riqabat, rashk, gairat. 
Rive, v. maskana ya matakna, chirna, 

pharna. 

River, s. darya, rud, nadi, nahr. 
Rivet, v. mekh-se jarna, mekh marna, 

bandhna. 

Rivulet, s. chhoti nadi nahr, nala. 
Road, s. rasta, rah, sarak ; tarfq, tariqa, 

ravish; langar-gah, kishti-gah. 
Roam, v. ramna,phirna,bhatakta phirna. 
Roan, a. chal, badami rang. 
Roar, v. garajna, gargarana, chillana, 

awaxa k. 

Roar, s, garj, gargarahat, gurish ; awaz. 
Roast, v. kabab k. bhunna, biriyan k. ; 

tazhik k. 
Rob, v. churana, chori k. duzdi k. rah 

marna, daka parna ya dena, chhin- 

lena, lutna. [lutera. 

Robber, s. chor, duzd, rahzan, dak ait, 
Robbery, s. chori, dnzdi, rahzani, dakai- 

ti, lut. 

Robe, s. jama, qaba, pairahan, khilat. 
Robust, a. tanomand, zorawar, shahzor, 

khurmast. [azm ; panah. 

Rock, s. chatan, bara patthar, sang-i- 



Rock, v. hilana, dolana, dolna. 

Rocket, s. hawai, ban. [hauri. 

Rocksalt, s. sendha namak, namak-la- 

Rocky, a. pathrila, sangistan, sakht. 

Rod, s. chhaii, asa, qazib, lathi 

Roe, s. hirni, gawazn ; machhli-ka anda. 

Rogue, s. haramzada, dagabaz, gaddar, 

hilabaz. [hila. 

Roguery, s. haramzadagi, dagabazi, fareb, 
Roll, v. ghumna, phirna, daur k. gardish 

k. ; ghumana, phirana, gardish d. 

charkh k. ; it/p, lapetna ; about, 

lotpot k. 
Roll, s. ghumao, gardish ; fard, dasta ; 

fihrist j daftar ; of bread, piyala-ki 

roti. 

Roller, s. belan ; latai, lapetan ; patti. 
Rolling-pin, s. belan, belna ; lapetan. 
Romance, s. afsana, qissa, dastan,kahani. 
Romantic, a. ajib, ajab ; khiyali. 
Romp, u. achpalai k. khirs-bazi k. 
Romping, s. achpalai, khirs-bazi. 
Rood, s. zamin-ka paimaish. [ sac |f 

Roof, s. chhappar, chhan, chhat, bam. 
Roof, v. chhappar dalua, patna, chhana. 
Rook, s. kauwa ; dagabaz ; rukh. 
Room, s. jagah, maqam, ja ; kamra, koth- 

ri ; badla, iwaz. 

Roomy, a. kushada, wasi, farakh. 
Roost, s. basera, chakkas. 
Root, s. jar, mul, bekh, asl, masdar, 

maya, bunyad ; jazr. 
Root, v, jar pakarna, garna ; phailna ; 

up, ukharna, ujarna. 
Rooted, a. gara-hua, jar pakarke, asil, 

mazbut, qaim. 

Rope, s. rassi, dora, dori ; rasau, resman. 
Rosaiy, s. tasbih, subha. 
Rose, s gul, gulab, ward. 
Ilosewater, s. gulab, arq-i-gulab. 
Rosin, s. damar, dhuna, ral. 
Rosy, a. gulgun, gulf am, gulrnkhsar. 
Rot, v. sarna, galna, pachna, bosida h. 
Rot, s. s:ir;ui, galan, bosida^i ; khuura. 
Kotntion, s. phirao, ghumao, gardisli, 

fliai'kli. 

Rotatory, a. gardish-dar, charkhi. 
Rote, s. nok-i-zaban, azbar, hifz. 



RUF 



133 



BUS 



Rotten, a. sara, gala, bosfda. 
Rottenness, s. sarahat, bosidagi. 
Rough, a. kharkhara, na-bamwar ; du- 

rusht, tund ; na-mulaim ; tursh, kara ; 

na-tarashida, be-adab ; sakht, tez j 

mauwaj. 
Roughly ad. kharkharahat-se, sakhti-se, 

ba-durushti. 
Roughness, s.kharkharahat,nahamwari; 

durushti, sakhti, talkhj, be-adabi, na- 

tarashidagi ; turshi ; tundi, tezi ; ta- 

mauwuj. [tadir. 

Round, a. gol, chakrila,mudauwar, mus- 
Round, s. gird, daur, daira, gardish, gir- 

dawari, naubat. 

Roundness, s. golai, chakrai, nmdauwari. 
Rouse, v uthana, jagana, bedar k. ; cha- 

lana, harakat d. ; uthria, jagna. [gama. 
Rout, s. shikast, hazimat ; hujum ; han- 
Rout, v. shikast d. hazimat d. bhagana. 
Route, s. rah, rasta. 
Rove, v. phirna, ramna, harzagardi k. 

gas lit k. sair k. 

Row,s. saff, qatar, qor, zanj]r,silk,silsila. 
Row, v. dand marna, kheona. 
Rower, s. dandi, mullah, khewak. [rawi. 
Royal, a. shahi, shahana, badshahi,khus- 
Royalist,s.badshah-dost,padshah-banda. 
Royalty, s. badshahi, saltanat, tajdari. 
Rub, v. malna, ragarna, ghasna, manjna ; 

up, saiqal k. jila d. j out, mita d. 

hakk k. 

Rubber, s. ghotni; hathi ; jhaba. 
Rubbish, s. kurkut, kura, khashak, ghas- 

pat, agar-bagar ; kharaba. 
Ruby, s. lal, yaqiit, lalri. 
Rudder, s, patwar, sukkan, khala. 
Ruddy, a. surkh-ru, lalfVim, gulgiin. 
Rude, a. be-adab, gustukh, shokh, be- 

muruwat, na-tarashida, nfi-shinas, 

nadan, jahil. 
Rudeness, s. be-adabi, gustakhi, shokhi, 

na-tarashidagi, jahili. [masdar. 

Rudiment, s. asl, bunyad, qaida, ibtida, 
Rue, v. pachhtana, afsos k. taassuf k. 
Rue, s. faijan ; wild , ispand. 
Rueful, a. gamgm, malul, udas. [zada. 
Ruffian, s. harami, jallad, ralizan, haiini- 



Ruffle, v. lahrana, satana, azar d. chher- 

na : barham k. purchin k. 
Rug, s. kammal, namad, namda. 
Rugged, a. khai-khara, na-hamwar, un- 

cha-nicha, durusht. [rf, durnshtf. 

Ruggedness, s. kharkharahat, nahamwa- 
Ruin, s. kharabi, wirani, paemali, tabahi, 

pareshani; kharaba. 
Ruin, v. kharab k. wiran k. paemal k. 

ujarna, tabah k. ; muflis k. ; bigarna. 
Ruination, s. tabahi, kharabi, paemali. 
Ruined, a. malmet, mahdurn,munhadim, 

paemal. 
Ruinous, a. tuta-phuta, be-marammat j 

muzirr, mufsid, ziyankar. 
Ruins, s. khandar, kharabat, wirana. 
Rule, s. qanun, qaida, dastur, rasra, 

ravish, ain, zabita; hukurnat, amal ; 

mistar, khatt-kash. [satr khinchna. 
Rule, v. hukiimat k. amal k. ; mistar k. 
lluler, s. hakim, amil, sardar ; mistar. 
Humble, v. gargarana, gurgurana, gar- 

barana. 
Ruminate, v. jugalna,jugali k. pagurana ; 

fikr k. andesha k. gaur k. 
Rummage, v. dhundhna, khojna, chhan 

marna, just-o-ju k, [bar. 

Rumour, s. awaza, afwah, shuhrat, kha- 
Rump, s. chutar, surin. 
Rumple, v. misna, chunna, purchin k. 
Run, v. daurna ; bhagna, gurez k. gaib 

h. ; bahna, jari h. ; galna, pigalna ; 

away, bhagna ; after, jast-o-ju k. 

jidd-o-jahd k. qasd k. ; on, age daur- 

na ; tul-i-kalam k. ; over, umatlna, 

labrez h. ; jaldi andesha k. ya bayan 

k. ; out, chuna, nikalna ; tamam h. 

basar ana ; down, dabana ; shikar k. 
Runaway, s. bhagora, bhagel, firari. 
Runner, s. dauraha, dawinda ; qasid ; 
Rupee, s. rupaiya. [karil; kail. 

Rupture, s. shikast, tor, tut; phut, ada- 

wat ; badkhaya, fatq. 
R.ural, a. dihati, ganwi, gramya. [k. 
Rush, v. daurna, relna, jhapatna, hamla 
Rust, s. zang, zangar, morcha, mail. 
Rustic, a. dihqani, dilii, ganvvar ; na- 

tarashida, be-tartib ; sada, salih. 



SAI 



134 



SAN 



Rusticity, s. dihqaniyat, ganwarpan, na- 
Rustle, u. kharkharana. [tarashidagi. 
Rnsty, a. zangaluda, zaugari, morchaha. 
Rut, s. lik, reghari. 
Ruth, s. rahm, tars, shafaqat. 
Ruthless, a. be-rahm, natars, sang-dil. 
Ryot, s. raaiyat. 



S. 



Sabbath, s. yanm-us-sabt, ek shamba ; 
Sable, a. kala, siyah : s. sainur. [etwar. 
Sabre, 5. shamsher, tega. 
Saccharine, a. shakari, shirin, mitha. 
Sacerdotal, a. imami, shaikbana. 
Sack, s. gon, bora, juwal ; lutpat, garat. 
Sack, v. mar-lena, takht-o-taraj k. lut- 
Sackcloth, s. tat, ajar, mekhli. [pat k. 
Sacrament, s. rasm-i-dm I'sawi ki ; asha- 

e-khodawand. [munazza, majid. 

Sacred, a. muqaddas, mutabarrak, pak, 
Sacrifice, s. qurban, zabah ; fida, tassaduq. 
Sacrifice, v. qurban k. zabah k. charhana; 

liila k. tassaduq k. ; chhorna, ziyan k. 
Sacrificial, a. qurbani, fidai. 
Sacrilege, .. taborruqat-ki-ohori. 
Sad, a. udas, gamgin, malul, dil-giz\ 
Sadden, v. udas k. gamgm k. 
Saddle, s. zin, sarj, kathi. 
Saddle, u. zin baiidlina, zinbandi k. 
Sadness, s. udasi, garngini, maluli, ma- 

lal, sauda. 
Sale, a. mamun, mahfuz, musallam, 

nalim ; be-kliatra ; ua-ziyankar. 

::u-(i,.s. himayat, muhafazat,panah, 

nigahbanf. 

. ""'..salamati-se,ba-khair-o-kliubi, 

1) '-kluitra. [bachaii. 

'^Tiiat, aman, araniyat, niijai, 
^iiilVoii, 8. zaiViin, krsar. '. yaiin. 

-i;ilini, /Irak, /alun, si- 
it y, s. tez-i'ahmi, /iraki, xakawat, 

fira 
Sage, a. dana, ;i<iil, hnsliyar, zirak. 

. (laiiishniainl, Ijiixuvg, hakim, pir. 
Sagittarius, 8. burj-i-kaman, qaus. 

inm. 
Sail, s. pal, badban, dasta ; jahaz. 



Sail, v. pal-se chalna, ba-rue-daiya jana. 
Sailor, s. mallah, jahazi, khalasi. 
Saint, s. wall, safi, muqaddas. 
Sake, s t waste, barae, bahr, khatir liye, 

mare, sabab ; maqsud, niyat. 
Salary, s. wazifa, tankhwah, saliyana, 

mushahira. 

Sale, s. bikri, bechan, farokht ; nilam. 
Saleable, a. bikau, farokhtani, riwaj. 
Salesman, s. dallal, dast-farosh. 
Saline, s. namakin, lona, khara, shor. 
Saliva, s. thuk, lal, luab, tuf. 
Salivate, v. murtli land, thukana. 
Sallow, a-, zard, pila, phika. [har, latffa. 
Sally, s. khuruj, liujum ; khuslikhiyal, la- 
Sally, v. khuruj k. hujum k. nikal-parna. 
Salt, s. uamak, Ion ; rock , sendha j 

sea , panga. 

Salt, a. namakin, lona, shor. 
Saltcellar, s. namak-dan. 
Saltmaker, s. loniya, namak-paz. 
Saltpetre, s. shora. 
Saltpit, s. lonar, namak-sai\ 
Salubrious, a. sihhat-bakhsh, shafi, mu- 

wafiq. [nnifid. 

Salutary, a. eihhat-awar, faidamaud, 
Salutation, s. \ salam, sahib-salamat, 
Salute, s. ) kornish ; dua, duriid, 

asir-bad ; bosa; salami. 
Salute, u. salam k. dast-basar h. dua d. 
SalvarioUj.s.nMJat, rih;ii,makhlasi,.- 
Salve, s. inarliam, lep. 
Same, a. wahi, yilii, ekhi,eksan,barabar. 
Sana-, (tii ro//)/'.) I'k ya y;ik, ham. 
Sameness,*, ekai, eksani, barabari, nm- 

tubaqat. 

Sample, s. namunn, namudar, bangf. 
Saiictificatiou,s. taqdis, taqaddus, tathir, 

}>aksafi. 

Sanctii'y, v. muqaddas k. pak k. 
Sanction, s. ijazar. hukm. amr, istiqrar. 
Sanctity, s. paki, taharat. (jtids, tacjdis. 
Sanctuary, x. mamlis, dar^rih : panah-gah. 
Sand. .s. balii, ret, iv^, I'umal. 
Sandbank, y. n'ti, cliar. 
Sandal, s. alga, kharaun. 
San.ly, L'.. balua, retila, rogi. 
Sane, a. bhala, changa ; be-hosh, bahal. 



SAV 



135 



SCE 



Sanguinary, a. klum-khwar, rez-khum. 
Sanguine, a. khiin-rang, surkh ; ummod- 

war, dil-garm. 

Sap, s. ras, pain, araq, dudh. [maraa. 
Sap. i 1 . naqab mania, surang k. sendh- 
Sapiont, o. dana, aqil, w;iqif. 
Sapless, a. be-ras, sukha, khnslik. 
Sapling-, s. kera, paudha, oliara, nihal. 
Sapphire, s.yakut-i-kabiulj.sai'ir. nilmani. 
Sarcasm, s. tan, tanz, milna, bolitholi. 
Sarcastic, a. tana-amez. tana-7.au, talkh, 
Sardonyx, s. aqiq. [nialamat-amez. 

Sarsaparilla, s. makoe. nshba. 
Sash, s. jal, self, patka, kamarband; 

pinjra, aine-ka cliaukath. 
Satan, s. Shaitaii. 
Satanic, a. shaitaui, dozakhi. 
Satchel, s. thaili, juxdan 
Satellite, s. chand, chhota sitara. 
Satiate, v. bharna, ser k. a*uda k. 
Satiety, s. bharti, serf, asudagi. 
Satin, s. atlas, pilnm. [danwa. 

Satire, s. hajo, tanz, mazammat, bliau- 
Satirize, v. hajo k. mazamniat k. ninda k. 
Satisfaction, s. khatir-jainai, khatir-dari, 

khushnudi, rizamandi ; badla, iwaz, 

tazmin. [muw;itiq, barjasta. 

Satisfactory, a. khatir-klnvah, dilpasand, 
Satisfy, ?'. khatir-jama k. razi k. Idiiish k. ; 

ada k. \vafak. : badla d. i\vaz d. ; ilzam d. 
Saturate, v. bharna, pur k. ser k. 
Saturday, s. sanichar, shamba. 
Saturn, s. zulial, khiwan. 
Satyr, s. gul, jangli admi ; aubash, fasiq. 
Sauce, s. chatni, chashni. 
Saucepan, s. degcha, tambiya, dabbu. 
Saucer, 5. pinch, tashtan, sakori. 
Sauciness, s. shokhi, gushtakhi, shokh- 

chashmf, be-adabi. [be-adab. 

Saucy, a. shokh, gustakh, shokh-chashrn, 
Saunter, s. phirna, raiuna, harza-gardi k. 

sair k. 

Sausage, s. kulma, qulma, langueha. 
Savage, a. jangli, wahshi, bayabani ; 

sang-dil, be-rahm, durusht; shadfd. 
Save, v. bachana, mahfuz r. nigah ; rakh- 

chhorna, kifayat k. ; muaf k. niazui 1 r. 
Sa\ing, a. kifayati, juz-ras. 



Saving, ad. siwa, chhorke. 

Saving, .s. ba(ji, baqiya. 

Saviour, s. bachane-w. shafi ; al-masih. 

Savour, ,?. laz/at, rnaza ; bu ya bo. 

Savoury, a. lam. inaz:x-d;ir,khusli-gawar. 

Saw. ,v. ara, arm, niin.sluu', karat. 

Sawdust, s. biira, burada. 

Say, v. kahua, bolna, bat k. qaul k. 

Saying, s. but, kaha,sukhan,gui'tar,qanl. 

Scab, .?. papri, deoli, kfaaara, kliurand; 

kharish. 

Scabbard, s. gilaf, miyan, niyam. 
Scabby, a. kharishti, khasra-pur, khaj- 
Scaffold, s. niachan, payath. [bhara. 
Scald, s. garni pani-se jalana, jhulsana. 
Scaldhead, s. ganj, chain-chuin. 
Scale, s. palla, palla, palra ; machhli-ka 

chhilka, fils, choya; darja, silsila; durr- 

i-mufassal. 

Scale, v. charhna ; chhilka uthana. 
Scales, s. tarazu, mizan. 
Scaly, a. chhilke-dar ; tangchashm. 
Scamper, v. bhagna, daurna, champat h, 
Scan, u. taqtia k. \vazn k. , tabqiq k. 

janchna. [malamat. 

Scandal, s. badnami, ruswai, aib ; tana, 
Scandalize, v. tulirnatlagana,badnamk. ;' 

bezar k. [zabun. 

Scandalous, a. mayub, ruswa, aibdar, 
Scanning, s. taqtia, wazn-bandi. 
Scanty, a. thora, kotah, kam, qalil, tang. 
Scar, s. dag, nishan-i-zakhm, chihn. 
Scarce, a. ka.ni, qalil, thora ; kamyab, 

nadir. [nadiri. 

Scarcity, s. kami, qillat, tangi, kamyabf, 
Scarcelv, o.d. mushkil-se, dusli\vari-se. 
Scare, v. darana, bharkana, bijhk<ina. 
Scarecrow, s. dhokha. dlmha. 
Scarf, s. orhni, ek-patta. 
Scarify, v. pachhna k. chhedna. 
Scarlet, a. qirmizi, lal, sultani-surkh. 
Scate, s. lapchi, ek qism-ka kharaon. 
Scatter, v. chhitrana, clihitkana, chhitna, 

khindana, bakherna, paraganda k. 

phailana. 

Scavenger, 5. khak-rob, rah-rob. 
Scene, s. inanzar. t.;nnasha ; madd-i-nazr. 
Scent, s. shanima ; uiashamjbuj shamma. 



SCO 



136 



SOU 



Scent, v. sunp-hna ; bu d. raiha d. 
Scented, a. khush-bu, muattar. 
Sceptic, s. ahl-i-shakk, munkir-i-wahi. 
Sceptre, s. asa-e-shahi ; qabza-e-saltanat. 
Schedule, s. daftar, fard, fihrist. 
Scheme, s. naqsha, tadbir, hikmat ; maq- 

sud, matlab. 

Schism, s. bidat, rifz, iatizal, khalal. 
Scholar, s. shagird, talib-i-ilm, talmiz ; 

alim, fazil, hakfm. [fassir. 

Scholiast, s. sharih, hashiya-navis, mu- 
Scholium, s. hashiya, sharah, tafsir. 
School, s. maktab, dabistan, madrasa. 
Schoolfellow, s. ham-maktab, ham-dars. 
Schoolmastei*, s. ustad, mulla, miyanji. 
Schoolmistress, s. ustani, mullani, atu. 
Science, s. ilm, fann, Ininar, hikmat. 
Scientific, a. ilmf, yaqini ; alim, ahl-i- 
Scimitar, s. shamsher, nimcha. [danish. 
Scion, s. tahni, shakh ; paiwand, qalam. 
Scirrhus, s. gilat. gilati, waram. 
Scissors, s. qainchi, miqraz. 
Scoff, v. tan k. isthiza k. thattha k. 
Scoffer, s. tana-zan.tanz-go,thatthe-baz. 
Scold, v. jhagarna, gali d. jhirakna, ma- 

lamat k. 

Scold, s. karkasa, aurat-i-zabandai-az. 
Scolding, a. jhirka-jhirki, tana-zani. 
Sconce, s. shamadan ; sar, sir. 
Scoop, v. hath-se uthana ; korna, tajwif 
Scoop, s. hatha, knrni. [k. khol k. 

Scope, s. niyat, maqsad, garaz ; azadi, 

ikhtiyar ; wusat, ai\sa,. 
Scorch, v. jhulsana, bhulsana ; jhulasna. 
Score, s.khandana, rakhna ; khatt, satar ; 

hisab ; sabab, mnjib ; bis, kori. 
Scorn, s. ihanat, mazammat, haqarat, 

isthiza. 

Scornful, a. ihanat-numa, mudnmmag. 
Scorpion, s. bichchhii, bichlnla, k;i/.h- 

dum, aqrab. [saq, fasiq. 

Scoundrel, s. haramzmla, liadzat, qurram- 
Scour, v. nianjna, suiiial k. snfk. ; bh;i<_r- 

jana ; j)et clialaiu'i, jlu'irna. 
Scourge,s.cluiliiik,t:i/.i\';in.'i.k'>r!t,f|amch]. 
Scourge, v. chabuk d. ta/iyaua k. kora 

marna. 
Scout, s. jasus, khabar-gir, mutajassis. 



Scowl, v. ghurakna, munh-terhak. chin- 

bajabin h. 

Scramble, v. chhma-chhanf k. ; charhna. 
Scrap,.?, chhilan, chhantan, katran, tuk, 

tukra, para, tarasha, purza. 
Scrape, v. chhilna, chholna, khurachna, 

ragarna, kharash k. ; jama k. jorna. 
Scrape, s. tangi, kashmakash, mushkil. 
Scraper, s. chhalni, khurpf, khurachni. 
Scrapings, s. khurchan, tarasha. 
Scratch, v. khujlana, khasotna, khujana, 

kharontna,kharochna ; hakk k. chhilna. 
Scratch, s. kharont, nuhatta. 
Scrawl, v, chitharna, chichrf khainchna. 
Scream, v. \ ch]khna,chingharna,chilla- 
Screech, ( na,chilchilana,chichiyana. 
Screech-owl, s. ghughua, pecha. 
Screen, s. tatti, jharnp, parda, qanat. 
Screen, v. chhipana, parda k. ; bachana. 
Screw, s. pech. [mazlum k. 

Screw, v. pech dena ; nichorna, dabana ; 
Scribble, v. qalam ghasitna, bad khatfc 
Scribe, s. katib, navisanda. likhna. 

Scrip, s. thaili, kisa ; ruqa ; purza. 
Scriptural, a. mutabiqkitab-i-muqaddas. 
Scripture, s. kitab-i -muqaddas. 
Scrofula, s. gudud, mar/.-i-khinazir. 
Scroll, s. fard, daftar, kagaz lapeta hua. 
Scrotum, s. fota, thaili. 
Scrub, v. malna, ghasua. 
Scrub, s. sifla, haqir admj. [masha. 

Scruple, s. shubha, shakk, wahm : s;;i\v;i- 
Scruple, v. shubha r. shakk k. wahm r. 
Scrupulous, a. wasvvasi, wahmi, sahib-i- 

ihtiyat; daqiq. 

Scrutinize, v. taftfsli k. janchna,chhaima. 
Scrutiny, s. taftish, tajassus, imtihan, 

janch. 
Scuffle, s. khaincha-kluiinchi, dhaul- 

dhappa, dliakkam-dhakka, mara-mari. 
Sculk, r. chhip-rahna, dabak yti ghus- 

ralina. 

Scull, .. khopri, kdsa-e-sir ; dend. 
Sculptor, s. san u r -t a r:ish,naqqash,buf-saz. 
Sciilpt.iirej.. sanLT-iani.shijnaqqashl, but- 

sazi. 

Scum, x. ]>hcn. kaf. tr:mj, mail, jhag. 
Scurf, s, papri, bafa, sabusa. 



SEC 



137 



SEE 



Scurrility, ?. gali, dushnani,zab;indarazi. 
Scurrilous, a zabandaraz, kallaba?:. 
Sea, s. samundar, dariya-i-shor, bahr. 
Seal, s. muhar, khatim, chhap; ek daryai 

janwar. [lagans. 

Seal, v. muhar k. ya d. khatm k. laiih 
Sealing- wax, s. lakh, lakh-ki batti. 
Seam, .<. si wan, dokht, darz, jor. 
Seam, v. jorna, milana, silai k. ; dagna. 
Seaman, s. mallah, jahazi, khalasi. 
Seamless, a. be-dokht, be-silai, ek-para. 
Sea-porr, s. bandar, ghat. 
Sea-service, s. khidmat-i-jahaz. [sahil. 
Sea-shore, s. darya-kinara, lab-i-darya, 
Sea-term, s. jahazi-bat. 
Sear, r. jalana, gul d. jhulasna. 
Search, s. talash, just-o-ju, tal'tish, tajas- 

sus, khoj, dhundh. 
Search, v. talash k. just-o-ju k. taftish 

k. khojna, dhundhna, jharsi 1. 
Searcher, s. joinda, jova, niutalashi, khoji. 
Season, s. mausam, fasl ; ayam, zamana, 

waqt, muwaiiq waqt. 
Season, v. masalah d. maza-dar k. ; pak- 

ka k. ; mntad k. [mauqas. 

Seasonable, a. barwaqt, bar-mahall, ba- 
Seasoning, s. masalah, inaza. 
Seat, s. chauki, kursi ; nishastgah j ma- 

kau ; muqam, jae, jagah. 
Seat, v. baithalna ; qaini k. 
Secant, s. khatt-i-qati. 
Secede, v. nikalna, chhutna, kinar 

khainchiia. 

Secession, s. itizal, phut, nikal. 
Seclude, v. bahir k. khiarij k. alag k. 
Seclusion, s. khalwat, uzlat, tanhai. 
Second, a. dusra, doyam, sani. 
Second, s. sathi, madadgar, pusht-ban. 
Second, v. madad k. pushti d. yari k. 
Secondary, a. darja-i-sauiya-dar, kihtar, 

nich. [tamal. 

Secondhand, a. utra-hua, ghatka, mus- 
Secoiidly, ad. sauian, dusre. 
Secrecy, s. tanhai, pinhani, ikhfa, parda- 

poshi, khalwat; ra/ dari, khamoshi. 
Secret/', chhipa.piuhan, posluda, makhff . 
Secret, s. raz, sirr, bhed. 
.Secretary, s. inir-muushi, huzur-uavis. 



Secrete, v. chhipana, piuhan k. poshida 

k. ; tulViq k. 

Secretion, s. tafriq ; rezish. [yatan. 

Secretly, ad. chhipake,dar-pinhani,khuf- 
Sect, s. firqa, zat, jamaat, mazhab. 
Sectary, s. khariji, raiizi, sahib-i-itizal. 
Section, s. fasl, qataa, quta, juz, hissa. 
Secular, a. dunyavl, duuya-dar, dahri ; 

bar sadd sal. 

Secundine, s.jhilli, kheri. jer, nar-biwar. 
Secure, a. musallam, rnalifuz, be-khatra, 

matnun; barqarar, us-tuwar ; be-kha- 

bar, be-parwa. 
Secure, v. bachana, mahfuz r. musallam 

k. j muqarrar k. ; barqarar k. ; qaid k. 
Security, s. bachao, am an, salamati ; 

panahj zamini, kafalat, zaminj be- 

khabari, be-parwai. 
Sedan, s. chaupala, bocha. 
Sedate, a. dhira, dhima, sakin, qarar- 

mizaj, ahista. [du. 

Sedentary, a. sakin, be-harakat, baisan- 
Sediment, s. talchhat, gad, durd. [balwa. 
Sedition, s. fitua, fasad, ashob, hangama, 
Seditious, a. fitna-angez, mufsid, bagi. 
Seduce, v. phuslana, bhulana, wargalana, 

igwa k. bhatkana. [da. 

Seducer, s. phuslao, mugwi, wargalanin- 
Seduction, s. phuslahat, igwa, gumrah- 

sazf, fareb. [nati. 

Sedulous, a. sai, mashgul, koshishi, mih- 
See, v. dekhna, nazr k. nigah k. mula- 

hiza k. basar k. ; samajlma, daryaftfk. 

dekh-pana. 

See, int. dekh ! dekho ! lo ! 
Seed, s. bfj, tukhm, dana ; nutfa, mani 

aulad, nasl. 

Seed-plot, s. bihanaur, zirriat. 
Seed-time, s. bowai, boara, zara. [ra. 
Seedy, a. bijar, pur-tukhm ; rizala, pajo- 
Seeing, s. nazar, binai, basr ; that, 

zeraki, chunki. 
Seek, v. dhundhna, khojna, talash k. 

just-o-ju k. taftish k.; mangna, chah- 

na, darkhwast k. 
Seem, u. malum h. zahir h. namudar h. 

sujhna, dekh-parna. [men. 

SeemiBgly,acZ. zahii-au, suratan, dekhne. 



SEtf 



138 



SER 



Seemly, a. shaista, sazawar, munasib j 

arasta. 

Seer, s. bina, ahl-i-nazar, gaibdan. 
Seeth, v. sijhaua, sijna, usauna, pakana. 
Segment, s. fasla, quta, qash ; hissa. 
Seine, s. bara jal, chatar. [k. le-lena. 
Seize, v. pakarna, pakar 1. girift k. qabz 
Seizure, s. pakar, girift, giriftagi, qabz, 

akhz. 
Seldom, ad. kabhi-kabhi, na-bisyar-bar, 

shazz, thora, kamtar. 
Select, v. chunna, bachhna, intikhab k. 
Select, a. chuna-hua, guzida, muntakhab. 
Selection, s. chunao, intikhab, ikhtiyar. 
Self, p. dp, khud, nafs ; (in comp.) hi, i. 
Self-conceit, s. khud-bini, khud-pasandi. 
Self-defence, s. jan-ka hifazat, himayat- 

i-nafs. [khud-matlab. 

Selfish, a. khud-garaz, garaz-mand, 
Self-murder, s. khud-kashi, qatl-i-nafs. 
Selfsame, a. ekhi, wahi, aphi, wah. 
Sell, v. bechna, bikana, farokht k. baiak. 
Seller, s. bechne wala, faroshinda, bai. 
Semblance, s. mushabahat, numaish, zu- 
Semi, a. ad, adh, adha, nim, m'sf. [hur. 
Semicircle, s. nim-daira, adlighera. 
Semicircular, s. nim-daira-dar, adh-gol. 
Seminary, 5. maktab, madrasa. 
Semivowel, s. madd-i-zaida. 
Senate, s. majlis-amiri, diwan. 
Senator, s. ahl-i-majlis, ahl-i-diwan. 
Send, s. bhejna, irsal k. rawana k. pa- 

hunchana ; for, bola-bhejna, man- 

gana, dawat k. 

Senioz*, a. bara, kabir, sal-dida. 
Seniority, s. barai, kalani, piri. 
Senna, s. sana, sana-makki. 
Sensation, s. hiss, hiss-i-zahiriya batini. 
Sense, s. hiss (pi. hawass) ; idrak, fahm, 

aql, tamiz : mani. 
Senseless, a. be-havvass, be-hosh, bc-jan, 

be-waquf, nadan ; beliiida, be-iii;ini. 
Sensibility, s. tunut-hawasi, iiazuki, 

narm-dili. 
Sensible, a, qabil-i-hiss, mahsiis; ai^ali, 

w;iqif: qail,muqir; dana, ziqil 3 h< - 
Sensitive, a.huwass-dar, zudhiss ; jandar, 



Sensual, a. nafsanf, shah watf,hissi [war. 
Sensualist, s. shahwat-parast, nafs-par, 
Sensuality, s. nafsaniyat,shahwat,masti, 

hawa-o-hawas. 
Sentence, s. fatwa, qaza, hukm : maqal, 

masal ; jumla, hqra ; (of the qurdn) 

ayat. 

Sentence, v. fatwa d. hukm d. [al-manf. 
Sententious, a, matin, pm'-magz, qasir- 
Sentiment, s, rae, tadbir, qiyas, fikr. 
Sentimental, a. narm, mulaim, shaf'aqat- 

angez. 

Sentinel, s. pasban, chaukidar, pahriya. 
Separable, a. qabil-i-firaq, judai-pazir. 
Separate, v. juda k. farq k. tafriq k. alag 

k. bichhorna. [riq. 

Separate, a. juda, alag, alahida, mutafai-- 
Separately, ad.juda-juda, alag-alag, mu- 

fassilana. [muhajarat. 

Separation, s. judai, mufariqat, tafriq, 
Septennial, a. iiaft-sali, saptal)arsiya. 
Sepulchre, s. gor, qabr, turbat, marqad, 
Sepulture, s. dafn, tadfin, tajhiz. [mazar. 
Sequel, .. akhir, aqibat ; nutija, phal. 
Sequester, v. alag r. khalwat k. ; qurq 

k. ; amanat k. [q 111 '^? chhenk. 

Sequestration, s, gosha-nishim, tauhai ; 
Seraglio, s. haram-sarae, zanaua. 
Seraph, s. israfil. 
Serene, a. saf, kushada, raushan : sakin, 

be-harakat, asuda. 
Serenity, s. safai, kushadagi, sukun, asu- 

dagf, kushada-rui. 

. X. sar-riahta, silsila, silk, lagao. 
Serious, a. muhib, garnbhirj bhari, san- 

gin, muhirnm, sanjida. 
Seriousness, s. sangjni, sanjfdagi, taham- 

mul, gaur, fikr. 

at, vS, iui\val-dar, dafadar; wakil. 
S'-nntMi, ,s'. wax, nasiiiat, klnitba. 
Serous, a. abi, j)ajii--;i. 
Sivpfiit, 6'. sjnnp, sti:-p, mar, afa. [dar. 
Serpentine, u. limpila, m&r-pech, pi-ch- 
Si-i-vaiu, .s. naukar, chakar, mulazim, 

banda, khrulini. 
Serve, r. naukari k. chak.'iri, k. khidmat 

k. ; iwax li. batlal h. : kdl'i h. laicji.. 

diul k. pushti d. ; ihsuu k. maufaat k. 



SHA 



189 



SHA 



Service, 5. nnnkari, chakarf, kliidm.at, 

bandugi ; iimnsab. ulnhi. kam ; laidn, 

nafa ; madad : t:uini. i aiuo/, t<v.-dast. 
Serviceable, a. faida-maud, nmf'id ; kar- 
Servile, a. naukar-asa, umti'a, furornavn, 

chaplus, khaya-bardar. [ri, chaplusi. 
Servility, s. gulami, ;ibtizal,khaya~barda- 
Servitude, 5. naukarf, bundagi, gulami. 
Sesamiim, s. til. 

Session, 5. nisliast, julus, ijlas ; majlis. 
Set, '.'. rakhna, dharna, baithalna, nasb, 

k. ; garna, lagana,ropna ; muqarrar k. ; 

taaiyun k. , arasta k. ; jarna, murassa 

k. ; guriib k. gaib h. ; tez k. dhar d. ; 

about, shuru k. ; against, muqa- 

bala k. ; tahris k. ; aside, bar-taraf 

r. na-qabul k. 
Set, s. jora, taifa, dasta. 
Set, o,. jaraii, inurassa, muqarrar. 
Settle, v. baithalna, thaharana, muqarrar 

k. ; muaiyan k. : maqam k. ; tartib k. 

taqwim h. ; rafa k. muqabala k. ; thira- 

ua : baithna. 
Settled,a. muqarrar, muaiyan,murattab ; 

musaffa. 
Settlement, s. band-o-bast, infigal, rafa ; 

thahrao; bastf, nau-iibad ; maqam. 
Settler, s. basi, basne-wala, nau-abadi. 
Seven, a, sat, haft. 
Seventeen, a. satrah, hafdah. 
Seventh, a. satwan, haftam. 
Seventy, a. sattar, haftad. 
Sever, v. juda k. alag k. tafriq k. [Mze. 
Several, a. kai, kai-ek, chand, chandan, 
Severally, ad. ek-ek, juda-juda. 
Severe, a. sakht, durusht, tez, tnnd, sha- 

did ; dil-azar, ranjawar ; muliib. 
Severity, s. sakhti, durushti, shiddat, be- 

rahmi ; haibatrwari. 
Sew, v. sina, silana, silai k. dokht k. 
Sewing, s. silai, dokht. 
Sex, s. zat, jat, jins ; nisa. 
Sexton, s. gor-kan. 

Sextant, s. sads-i-daira, basita. [zala. i 
Shabby, a. past-o-khui 1 , dun, haqir ; ri- j 
Shackle, v. zanjir-se bandhna, beri laga- 

na ; atkana, rokna. 
Sliackles, s. zanjir, beri, paikari. 



Shade, s. chhaya, clihanw, sJiya; tariki; 

parda; I'anus ; kliiyal. 
Shade, v, clilifiya d. s;iva d. 
Shadow,*. cl i hHya,parehhain.zill ; panah. 
Shady, a, saya-dar, saya-gustar, clihaou- 

luira. 

Shaft, s. tir ; minai 1 , situn ; kothi, naif. 
Shaggy, a. jhabra, ronara, jhabua, paah- 

m iua. 
Shake, v. hilana, dulana, jhakorna, jum* 

bish d. ; hilna,dulna, kampna, larazna, 

dig-digana, dagmagana. [bish, larzish. 
Shaking, s. dol, liilao, thartharahat, jurn- 
Shallop, s. thak-thauwa, pansoi. 
Shallow, a. uthla, paitala, paeab ; be-hu- 

da, be-mani, be-waciiif, bo-diiug. 
Sham, s. banawat, bahana, sazish. 
Sham, v. bahana k. hiia-bazi k. jhath- 

muth k. [amez. 

Sham, a. jhutha, naqli, sakhta, rang- 
Shambles, s. qassab-khana, maslakli. 
Shame, s. sharm, sharmandagi, haya ; 

khajlat, hijab. [mila. 

Shamefaced, a. sharmsiir, sharmru,shar- 
Shameful, a, sharmawar, mayub, ruswa. 
Shameless, a. be-sharm, be-haya, gua- 
Shank, s. pindli, saq, uarhar. [takh. 
Shape,s. shakl, sui'at,daul, tarash, andam. 
Shape, r. shakl bandhna, banana, garhna. 
Shapeless,a.be-shakl,be-daul,be-andam. 
Shapely, a. khush-andam, tarah-dar, 
Shard, s. thikra, thikri. [khiibsurat. 
Share, s. bhag, baut, hissa, bakhra, bah- 

ra; phal, tora. 
Share, v. bantna, hissa k. taqsim k. kat- 

na, sharik h. 
Sharer, s. bantwaiya,bhagi,hissadar, qa- 

sim, sharik. [baz. 

Shark, s. hangar, nihang ; thag, d'aga- 
Sharp, a. tez, burran, abdar ; nok-dar ; 

tez fahm, zirak ; tursh, khatta ; sakht, 

durusht ; shadid. [dar k. 

Sharpen, v. tez k. barh d. dhar d. ; iiok- 
Sharper, s. thag, uchakka, gaddar. 
Sharpness, s. tezi, abdari, chokhai ; tez- 

fahmi, zirakf j turshi ; sakhti, shiddat, 

sarzanish. 
Sharp-sighted, a. tez-nazar, mubassir. 



SHI 



140 



SHO 



Shatter, v. chur k. tukra-tukra k. ya h. 

karazor k. [banana. 

Shave, w. mundana, hajamat ya khatt 
Shaven, a. munda, mundla, tarashida. 
Shaver, s. mundwaiya, hajjam ; thag, fa- 

rebi ; chhokra. 

Shaving, s. chhilan, chhilka, tarasha. 
Shawl, s. shal, shal-bab. 
She, p. wah, wuh. 
Sheaf, s. pula, anti. dasta. 
Shear, a. katarna, miqraz k. katna. 
Shears, s. katarni, miqraz, qainchi. [har. 
Sheath, s. gilaf, miyan, niyam, khol, do- 
Shed, s. chaubara,palani, usara, chhaoni. 
Shed, v. dalna, girana, dhalna, bahana, 

jharna ; rezish k. ; girna, bahna. 
Sheep, s. bher, bheri, mesh, gospand. 
Sheepish, a. munh-chor, sharmila. 
Sheep' s-eye, a. karashina-nazari, hijab- 

chashm. [katna. 

Sheep-shearing, s. bher-mundan, pashm- 
Sheep-walk, s. bher-charan, chara-gah. 
Sheer, a. nira, saf ; sirf, khali. [tao. 

Sheet, s. chadar, chaddar, do-patta ; fard, 
Shelf, s. takhta, taq, takhti, machan. 
Shell, s. sip, ghongha, kauri, sadaf; 

chhilka, post. 

Shell, v. chhilka utarna, udherna. 
Shelter, s. bachao, saya,panah, himayat. 
Shelter, v. chhipana, saya d. bachana, 

panah d. 

Shelving, a. dhalu, dhalwan, nasheb-dai 1 . 
Shopiierd,s.mesh-pal,rakhwala,chaupan. 
Shepherdess, s. bheri-harin, zan-i-chau- 
Sheriff, s. fauj-dar, hakim. [pan. 

Sliiuld, s. dhal, sipar ; panah. 
Sliiold, v. bachana, panah d. rakhya k. 
Shift, 5. hila, titrat, hila-liawala, tala-ba- 

ia ; chani ; (janu'x.-i-aui'aL, kurta. 
Shift, v. phii-ta ya dolta ralitia, badal k. 

; k. tabdil k. ; lula-bazi k. 
Shin, s. nail, philh-ki liadcli ; pesh-i-saq. 
Sliino, v. ehu!iiiikna.jlmlakua,darakhshan 

h. ; sh u la k. tabaii h. jattinagana, rau- 

shan. h. ashraf h. ; abtlar h. 
Shining, a. ujjal, chainakta, daraklishan, 
Sliip, s. jahaz, kishti. >i=>huu. 

Ship v. juhaz-par charhaua, ladaa. 



Shipping, s. bahar, jahazon-kti jamaat. 

Shipwreck, s. jahaz-shikani, garq-i-jahaz. 

Shire, s. zila, parganna. 

Shirt, s. qamiz, pairahan. 

Shiver, v. kampna, thartharana, larazna ; 

chur-chur k. tukra-tukra k. ya h. 

tor-dalna. 
Shivering, a. larza, larzish, thartharahat, 

tharthari. [reti. 

Shoal, s, jhund, jamghat, izdiham ; char- 
Shock, s. dhakka, dhamak, sadma, zarb, 

chot; hujiim; azar, bezari ; puli, anti. 
Shock, v, dhakka marna j barham k. be- 

zar k. azar d. [y u b. 

Shocking, a. nafrat -angez, makruh, ma- 
Shoe, s. juti, juta, paposh, kafsh ; nal. 
Shoemaker, s. mochi, chamar, kafshdoz. 
Shoot, s. pallao, kail, karil, qalam. 
Shoot, v. phenkna, chalana, dalna, anda- 

zi k. ; top chhorna, goli marna j ugna; 

ubhai'na ; nikalna ; chalna. 
Shop, s. dukan ; kar-khana. [niya. 

Shop-keeper, s. dukan-dar, dukani, ba- 
Shore, s. kinara, lab, tir, pushta. 
Shorn, a. munda, kata, tarashida. 
Short, a. chhota, kotah, kam, thora, qa- 

sir, tang; na-laiq, na-saza; sidha, qarib. 
Shorten, v. chhota k. kotah k. kam k. 

ghatana ; mukhtasar k. ; tarashna. 
Short-hand, s. niukhtasar-nawisi, huruf- 

i-ishara. 
Short-lived, a. kam-zist, kam-umr ; na- 

paedar, zail. 
Sliortly, ad. jald, ba-zudi, thore dinon- 

iiR'n. [gi ; ikhtisar. 

Shortness, s. chhotai, kotahi, kamf, tan- 
Short-sighted, a. kotah-uuzur, kotali-bm. 
Shot, s. phenk, chhot, andazi j goli, go- 
la : small , chharra. 
Shot, a. goli-se mara; phenka, andakhta. 
Should, v. chahiye, lazim hai ; agar, jo, 

aliyanan. 

Shouldri-, >\ ktindha, kandha, dosh. 
Shoulder, v. kandhiyaua, kandhe-par r. 
Shout, 6\ jaijaiki'ir, n;ira, awaz. 
.Shout, r. bang mania, kharosh k. jaijai- 

kar k. nai*a k. lalkarua. 
Shove, s. akakel, thela, dhakka, pela. 



SID 



141 



SIM 



Shove, r. rlhakelna, dhakka d. thelna, 

pelna. 

Shovel, s. bel, belcha, khodni, kndal. 
Show, s. numaish, surat, \vajh, dekhna ; 

tamasliH, naxara, sair. 
Sho\v, r. dikhlana, dikhana, batana, sam- 

jhana, bujiiana, zahir k. bayan k. tanf 

k . khoina, dalfl d burhau d. ; sikhlana. 
Shower, s. jhnri, jhapas, jhamaka, jhisi. 
Showv, a. uumnishi, raunaq-dar, bhar- 

kila, rangilft. 

Siuvii, s. katran. tarasha, parclia. 
Shrewd, a. pakka, siyana, hoshyar, aiyar. 
Shriek, r. ciifkhna. ehikh inarna, ching- 

harna. chillana. 

Shrill, a. uv.-H\vaz, bnland-awaz. 
Shrimp, s. jhinga, chingri ; baona. 
Shriiu 1 , s (iai-^'.i'n, nii'.zar. 
Shrink, v. sakornfi, simat.ua; thithakna, 

bichakna, hatna, tahia. 
Shrivel, v. sakorna, simat-j;'ina 3 sukhna. 
Shroud, s. kafiin, Jifafa. 
Shroud, v. kafaaua ; panah d. 
Slirub, s. jhar, jlinri, buta, nihal, gulbun, 
Shru.u-, v kandha hilana, hachak rahna. 
Shudder, v. thartharaiia, kampna. 
Shuffle, v. talna, talnjatol k.; baham 

uiaruft, abtar k. ; latpatata chalua. 
Shun, v. kinara k. parhez k. baz rahna, 

bhagna, talna, alag rahna. 
Shut, v. baud k. lagana, masdudk. mah- 

bus k. qaid k. ; out, inahrum k. ba- 

har k. 

Shuuer, s.jhiluiil, jhamp, kewar, takhta. 
Shuttle, s. nal, dharki. 
Shy, a kashida, ua-kushada; badostfna- 

mail ; bharkel. wahshi. 
Sibilant, a, sfskari, safiri. 
Sieu. a. bimar, mariz, be-ai-am, manda; 

bezar, mutanaffir. 
Sicken, v. bimar h. mariz h. ; jhurna, 

galua, uatVat k. kayahiyat d. [makruh. 
Sickening, a. marz-dar; nafrat-augez, 
Sickle, s. haiisua, daranti, das, dasa. 
Sickly, a. zaif, na-saz, sust, alii. 
Sickness, s. biman, mar/, timar, azar, 

niandugi. [safha, taifa, f'a;-iq. 

Side, s. taraf, janib, rukh, pahlu, kiuara, 



Side, r. taraf-dar h. tashnk k. pnshti d. 

Sideways, ad. pahlu-par,karvvat; tirchha. 

Siege, s muh;isara, girdawari, ihata. 

Sieve, s. girbal, chalni. [azmaish k v 

Sift, v. chalna, chhanna, imtihan k. 

Sigh, s. ah, hai, sans. [bharna. 

Sigh, v. ah mama ya bharna, thandi sans 

Sight, s. najar, nigah, didar, binai, ba si- 
rat ; tamasha, mauzar. 

Sightless, a. na-bina, andha. [siirat. 

Sightly, a. khush-numa, manzar, khub- 

Sign, s. nishan, alamat, iahara, ima. da- 
lalat. 

Sign, c nishan k. ; dast-khatt k. sahih k. 

Signal, s. isharat. nish;ini, janao. 

Signalize, v. namwar k. mashhur k. 

Signature, s. dast-khatt, likhawat, baiz. 

Signet, s. muhar, muhar-i-shahi, khatim. 

Significant, a. manawi, mam-dar, dall ; 
bhari, muhimm. [natija. 

Signification, s. manf, fahwa, maxiuun. 

Signify, v. mani r. fahwa r. dalalat k. 
batlana, bujhana, jataua ; ishara k. 

Silence,^, chup, lchamoshi,sukut; nisyan, 
faramoshi. [sakit. 

Silent, a. chup, chup chap, khamosh, 

Silently, ad. chup-hoke, chupke, kha- 
moshana. 

Silk, s. resham, abresham, pat: a. reshmi. 

Silken,a. reshmi, reshmma,hariri ; narm. 

Silkworm, s. kirm-pila, resham-ka kir;i. 

Silliness, s. na-dani, be-waqufi, sadagf, 
bholapan. 

Silly, a. na-dan, be-waquf, sada, bhola. 

Silvan, a. jangali ; dihqani. [paiya. 

Silver, s. rupa, chandi, si in, nuqra ; ru- 

Silversmith, s. sonar, zargar. [tasawi. 

Similar, a. eksan, manind, barabar, mu 

Similarity, s. eksani, manindagj, baraba* 
ri. musawat, musabahat. 

Simile, s. misal, tamsil, tashhih. [nil. 

Similitude, s. musha bahat. baral >ari ; tam- 

Simmer,u.sansanana,chMnchaT)ana,sijiia. 

Simper, v. muskui'Mna, muskna. 

Simple, a. be-amezish, gair-murakkab ; 
mufrad. sirf, nir;i ; bhola, sada, yak- 
rang ; ubla, be-waqufj ahinaq ; usan, 
sahl. 



SIT 



142 



SLA 



Simpleton, s. zaif-ul-aql, ahmaq. 
Simplicity, s. ek-rangi, sadagi, sada-dili, 

rasti ; be-waqufi, behudagi, asani ; be- 

zinati. ^ [faqat. 

Simply, ad. be-riya, be-karsazi; sirf, 
Simultaneous, a. hamkar, hamsaz ; ham- 

zat, ham-ahd 

Sin, s. gunah, khata, jurm, aib. 
Sin, v. gunah k. khata k. qusiir k. 
Since, ad. zera-ki, iswaste-ki ; jabki, us- 

waqt-se, bad. 

Sincere, a. sdfq, khalis, rast, saf. 
Sincerity, s. sadaqat, ikhlas, rasti, safi. 
Sinew, *. pai, nas, asab, path ; zor. 
Sinful, a. gunahgar. asi, na-pak, mayub. 
Sing, v. gana, gan k. sarod k. nawa k. 

nagma k. 

Singe, v. jhulsana, bhulsana. jalana.[trib. 
Singer, s. gawaiya, sarodi, muganni, mu- 
Singing, s. gana, sarod-goi, taganni 
Single, a. ek, yak, yakka, akela, tanha, 

wahid ; mujarrad, be-zauj. 
Singleness, s. tauhai, yaganiyat, sidhai ; 

sidq, be-riyai. [faqat, sirf. 

Singly, ad. ek-ek, yagan, fardan-fardan ; 
Singular, a. mufrad, wahid; yagana, ajib, 

nadir. [drat ; khud-san. 

Singularity, s.yaganagf ; khususiyat, nu- 
Sinister, a. na-rast, kaj, zabun, bad, na- 
Siuk, s. nali, muhri. [salih. 

Sink, u. dubna, garq h. baithna, garna, 

dhasna ; phutna ; utarna, ghatna, kam 

h. ; dubana, garq k. garna, utarna, 

ghatana. 

Sinless, a. be-guaah, raasum.[fajir, fasiq. 
Sinner, s. gunah-gar, hadkai-.asi, mujrim, 
Sip, u. chusmi, ghuntna, pina. 
Sir, s. sahib, klmd;iwand, miyan, ji. 
Sire, s. bap, bab?i ; jahan-panah, hazrat- 
Siren, s. bint- ul -bah r; thagni, mohni. 
Sirname, s. gharane-ka laqab, khandani 

nam. 

Sister, s. bahin, khwahir, hamshira.[sali. 
Sister-in-law, s. bhabi, bhawaj ; nand ; 
Sit, v. baithna, nishast k. juliis k. majlis 

k. ; phabna, thik h. 
Site, .s. thikana, muqaii), ja.gah. 

baithak, uishast, ijlas, julus. 



Situated, a. mauzua, rakha, raha-hua. 
Situation, s. jagah, ja, maqam, inauan, 

mauza, waza, hal, darja, uhda, khidmat. 
Six, a. chha, shash. 
Sixteen, a. solah, shanzdah. 
Sixteenth, a. solah wan. 
Sixth, a. chhatha, chhathwan, shasham. 
Sixty, a. sath, shast. 
Sixtieth, a. sathwan, shastam. 
Size, s. andaza, miq-dar, map, lambaf- 

chaurai, qalib, lasa. [dasta. 

Skein, 5. phenti, anti, larchha, kalfnva, 
Skeleton, s. thathri, haddfan badan-ki. 
Sketch, s. naqsha, khasra, katkana, kiiar- 

ra, musauwada. [musauwada k. 

Sketch, v. naqsha banana ya khainchua ; 
Skewer, s. mekh, sikh, sikhcha. 
Skiff, s. chhoti kishti, parewa. 
Skilful, a. hunarmand, waqif, kar-shinas, 

azmuda-kar, qabil, zirak, pakka. 
Skill, s. hunar, hnuarmandj, qabliyat, 

waqif-kari. 

Skilled, a. waqif, qabil, tajriba kar. 
Skim, v. pasana, ki.chh 1. jhag 1. ; subulc- 

rau jana ; jaldi se parhua. [kafcha. 
Skimmer, s. karchhani, jharni, kaf-gir, 
Skin, s. chamra, cham, charm, post, 

chhal, qishi', khal. 
Skin, v. chamra khainchnaya niknlna ya 

udherna, katna, chhilna ; ghao-bharna. 
Skinny, a. chhichrail, chamrakhi, sukha, 

patla. [phandna. 

Skip, u. kudakna, chhalangna, kudna, 
Skirmish, s. jharpa-jharpi, Jang. 
Skirt, s. daman, zail, kiuara. [kel. 

Skittish, a. kudel, chunchal, aloli, bhar- 
Sky, s. asman, sarmi, falak, hawa. 
Skylight, s. jharokha, aina, roshan-dan. 
Slab, s. takhta-i-sang, pat, sil. [kaliil. 
Slack, a. dhila, kushada, sust, majhiil, 
Slacken, v. dhila hojaua, sust h. galil 

h. ; dhila k. maiula k. kushada k. 
Slackness, s. dhj'lai, dhimai, susti, gaflat. 
Slake, v. bujhana, bharkana. [K O1 ' 

Siamk-r, .s. tuhmat, huhtan, iftira, liad- 
Slander, v. tuhmat lagana, buhtankahna, 

badnam d. [saz, aib-gu. 

Slanderous. muftari,buhtau-go, tuhmat- 



SLI 



143 



SMO 



Slanderous, a. tuhmat-amez, tnhmati. 

Slanting, a. dhalu, tirchha, terha. 

Slap, 5. tamancha, dhappa, thappaor tha- 
pera, dhaul. 

Slash, s. zakhm, ghao, chir. 

Slash, v. katna, chirna. 

Slate, s. patthar-kf takhti, patrf. 

Slattern, s. phuhar, chirkin an rat. 

Slaughter, s. qatl, muqatala, khun-rez{. 

Slave, s. banda, gulam, mamluk ; launch, 

S'aver, s. lar, luab, tuf. [dasa, kanezak. 

Slavery, s. bandagi, gnlami, cherai. 

Slavish, a. gulamana, zalil haqir, dun. 

Slay, v. qatl k. halak k. mardalna; halal ! 

Slayer, s. qatil, khuni, khun-rez. [k. 

Sledge, s. rehru; hathaura. 

Sleek, a. chikna, mota-taza. 

Sleep, s. uind, khwab, naum, unghaf. 

Sleep, v. sona, khwab k. aram k. 

Sleepiness, s. niudas, unghai, khwab-na- 
ki ya aludagi. [ya aluda. 

Sleepy, a. nindasa, unghasa, kkwab-nak 

Sleeve, s. astin. [qa-bazi. 

Sleight, s. dhandhal, hikmat, fann, huq- 

Slender, a. patla, chhin, nazuk, rnihin, 
barik. 

Slice, s. phak, quta, tarasha, waraq. 

Slide, v. phisalna pichhalna, kliisakna, 
rapatna. 

Slight, a. patla, tunuk, zaif, nazuk, hal- 
ka, subuk. chhota, thora. [mat- 

Slight, s. khiffat, gaflat, ihanat, mazam- 

Slight, u. halka, janna, khafif ya subuk 
janna, hiqarat k. [zuki. 

Slightness, s. patlai, halkai, subuki, na- 

Slim, a. patla, dubla, nazuk [chahla. 

Slime, s. pank, kichar, kando, kudrat, 
Slimy, a. chahlaha, chip-chipa, las-lasa. 
Sliness,s. siyanapan,chaturai, robahbazi. 
Sling, s. gophan, gophiya, falakhun. 
Slip, v. khisalna, khisakiia, phisalna ra- 
patna, lagxish k. ; iruzarna, guzar- 
jana ; bhulna, faramosh k. ; chhipake 
rakhna ya jana ghusana; chhor d. 
riha k. ; khalas d. 

Slip, s. phisal, khisal, lagzish; saho, 
khata, bhul j qalam, nihal ; pattf, takh- 
ta, takra. 



Slipper, s. panhi, paposh. 
Slippery, a. chikna, phislaha, khislaha. 
Slit, v. chirna, pharna, chak k. 
Sloop, s. chhota jahaz, gurab. 
Sloping, a. dhalu utaru, nashebdar, mail. 
Sloth, s, susti, kahili, ihmal, kasal. [lab. 
Slothful, a. sust, kahil, muhmil aram-ta- 
Slough, s. dal-dal, dhasao, wahal; kench- 

li; chhichra. 

Sloven, s. galiz admi, mard be-naz^kat. 
Slow, a. ahista, dhima, dhila, sust, kahil, 
dirang, der. [der, kahilana. 

Slowly, ad. ahista-ahista, haule,-haule, 
Slowness, s. ahistagi, dhilai, susti, deri. 
Sluggard, s. sust admi, aram-talab, ma- 
Sluice, s. muhri khurab. [che-tor. 
Slur, s. harf, dag, aib, ruswai. 
Slumber, s. unghaf. nim-khwab, jhapki. 
Slut, s. phuhar, chirkin aurat [makkar. 
Sly, a. siyana, chatur, aiyar, gaddar, 
Smack, s. maza, lazzat ; chatakha, chu- 

ma ; thappar 
Small, a. chhota, khurd, kochak, sagi'r, 

kotali ; nachiz ; kam. [thorai, kami. 
Smallness, s. chhotai, khurdi, kochaki ; 
Small-pox, s. sitla, mata, goti, chechak. 
Smart, a. tez, tund, tez-kar, dast, chust, 

chalak ; zarif, latif, charpara. [dard k. 
Smart, v. parparana, charparana, jalna, 
Smear, v. bharna, malna, lesna, lepna, 

aluda k. [bas. 

Smell, s. shamma, masham, sungh ; bu, 
Smell, v. sunghna, bu 1. ; bas-ana ya ni- 

kalna, bu d. 

Smile, s. tabassum, ibtisam, muskurai. 
Smile, v. tabassum k. muskurana, mus- 

kana. [k. ; baham marna. 

Smite, v. marna, zarb k. ; mardalna, qatl 
Smith, s. lohar, ahangar, haddad, zargar. 
Smoke, s. dhuan, dhunwa, dhiira, dud, 

dukhan ; bukhar. 
Smoke, v. dhuana, dhuan nikalna ya uth- 

na ; dhuen men sukhana. [dukhani. 
Smoky, a. dhunasa, dhuandar, pur- dud, 
Smooth, a. chikna, muhra-dar, masqul ; 

barabar, hamwar, yaksan'; na-muedar, 

be-bal ; khatir-nawaz, mulaim, shirin, 

khush-khwan. 



SOA 



144 



SOL 



Smooth, v, chiknana, ehanrasnna, bara- 

bar k. narm k. mulaim k. 
Smoothness. .?. chiknai, mnhradari, ham- 

wari, barabari ; manzuni ; lazzat. 
Smother, v. dam band k. sans rokna ; 

dabana, mana k. [sul mama. 

Smuggle, r. ghat ya chauki marna, mah- 
Smut, s. kalak, kajal; lendba, chitti ; 
Snail, s. ghongha. [fuhsh, khurafat. 
Snake, s. sanp, nag, mar. 
Snake-catcher, s. sampera,guni,mar-gir. 
Snap, r. chatak-jana, cbatakna, chatka- 

ua, chr.tki bajana; katna ; lapafcna. 
Snappish, a. kalaha,chir-chira, zud-ranj. 
Snare, s. phand, phanda, jal, clam. 
Snarl, r,. gurajna, gurrana, glrurakna, 

dhamkana. [para. 

Snatch, s. jhapat, lapka, clihm ; tukra, 
Snatch, v. jhapat 1. chhin 1. lapak 1. 
Sneak, r. dabak-jana ya ana, dabria. 
Sneaking, a. faromaya, haqir, khaebar- 

dar, dun, [riya. 

Sneer, s. nak-chari, istihza, tanz, sukli- 
Sneer, v. nak cliarhana, istihza k. 
Sneeze, v. chhinkna, nak-jharna, atsa k. 
Snip, v. katar-dalna, miqraz-se l>atna. 
Snipe, s, chaha. Pea rona. 

Snivel, v, ren^ jharna ya nikalna ; larka- 
Snore.r.kharn'itamarna.ghurnana,knar. 
Snort, v. phunkarpa, farrana. [khara k. 
Snot, s. rent, renta, ponta. 
Snout, s. thutlma, thuthni, nak. 
Snow, ptila, barf. 

Snowy, o. pala-sa, barf-darbarfasa snfed. 
Snub, v. dantna, dabana, sansna. [gul. 
Snuff, .s. nas, sunghni, roshan-dimaa:; 
Snuff,!/. Suii.iiliTia, (him khinrhna; gul- 
Snuffers,.s.guJ-tarjis-]i.gul-^ir. [tarashnii. 
Snuffle, v. guiignnanH, nak-sr 
Snug, o. cbhipu, poshjda; ma()ul, 
So, on. aisa. waisji. jais;i, t;u's;i. istai'ali, 
all. yi'inli], yunkar ; long u.s, jab- 

tak, jabralak j often as, jaiber; 

tlw.i, t-ki, 

S(i;ik, r. bliiirona, bhijana, tnr k. ; up 
'ui. [sokhnri, jazbk. 

S'':ip-rarth, .s. roll, khih, sajji. 
Soar, v. oorh-chalna, buland-parwaz h. 



Sob, v sisaknn, siski bharna kuk marna, 
Sober, a. parhez-gar, hoshyar, sanjida; 

na-mast. [masti. 

Sobriety, s. parhez-gari, hoshyari ; na- 
Sociable, "^ a, milansar, milapi, snhbati, 
Social, ) ashna-mixaj. ulfati; majliska. 
Society, s, snhbat, musharakat, rifnqat ; 
Sod, ^. dhela, char, chapra. [majlis, taifa. 
Sodomite,s. giilam-para. luti, lannda-baz. 
Sodomy, s. iglam, lawatat, launda-ba?,]. 
Sofa, s. takht-posh, suffa. 
Soft, a. narm,mul:iim,pil-pila,gud-gu(la; 

ahista; nazuk ; salim ; kachcha ; halka. 
Soften, v. narm k. mnlaim k. pil-pilana ; 

rahm-dil k. 

Softly, ad. ahista, haule, chupke. 
Softness, s. narmi, mulaimat, nazuki. 
Soil, s. ?;amin, khak, mitti ; mnlk, wila- 

yat; sar, chirk m: mail, aliidagi; dag. 
Soil, v. maila k. galiz k. aluda k. [na. 
Sojoru-n, v khushbashi k. maqam 1. rah- 
Sojourner, s. khushbash, rahne-w. musa-. 
Solace, s. dil-asai, tasalli, task in. fir. 
Solar, a. shamsi, aftabi, suraj-ka. 
Solder, s, joran, tanka, lahm. 
Solder, v. jorna, tanka lagana. 
Soldier, s. sipahi, lashkari. 
Soldiery, s. sipah, lashkar. 
Sole, 5. talua, talwa, kaf-i-pa, tala. 
Solc.o. akela, ekla.tanha,yakta,yagana; 
Solecism, s. galat, amr-muhal. sirf. 

Solely, ad. sirf, faqat, mahz, khass. 
Solemn, a. sanjida, haibatwar, bhari, 

muhimm. 
Solemnity, s. id, fd-uz zinat; sanjidngi, 

hriibatwari. [r. ; karana. 

S.>l( v mni/P, v. manna", zikr-i-azim k. id 
Solicit, v. mangna, chahnn, iltimas k. 

rninuat k. rnivazinaniii. 

Solicitation, .9. iltimiifi, darkhwast, istiila. 
Solicitous, a. awlrshn-mand, aiv.uniaiul, 

mu/tariq. [sha, iztirab. 

Solicitude,s. andosha, fikr,khalish. kiiad- 
Solid, a. munjainid, sakht : jnustahkam, 

ustuwar, na-niujauwaf, thos ; haqiqi, 

qnwi, asil. 
Solidity, s, injimad, sangini, thosai, ug- 

tuwan ; haqiqat, aachai, sanjidagi. 



SOR 



145 



SPA 



Soliloquy, s. khud-kalami. [wahid. 

.Solitary, a. okla. ,-ikola, tanha, muiVad, 
Solitary. 5. khilwat-guzin, gosha nishin, 

iizlat-gu/ida. [bayaban, wiraua. 

Solitude, s. eklai,tanhai, gosha, khalwat; 
Solstice, 5. nis ; summer , ras-us-sara- 

tan ; ivi-nter , ras ul-jadi. [hall. 

Soluble, a,, qabil-i-gudaz, galau, asati-i- 
Solution, s. galao, galawat, pighlao, hall ; 

pani ; hall-i-mushkilat, data-i-shubha. 
Solve, v. kholna, saf k. suljhana, hall k. ; 

dafa k. [qabil-i-ada. 

Solvent, s. gudazinda, galau ; zardar, 
Some, a, kuchh, thora, chand, baze, koi- 

ek. koi, kase. 
Somebody, s. koi, kase. 
Somehow, ad. kisi tarah, ek-na-ek tarah, 

jon ton. bawajh. 

Something, s. kuchh,thorasa,kuchh-ek, 
Boraewhat, ) thora-bahut. chize: ad 

taqribau, taqribana. [waqte. 

Sometimes, ad. kabhi-kabhi, gahe-g?'ihe, 
Somewhere, ad. kahin, kisi jagah, ba-jae. 
Somniferous, a. khwab-awar, naum-saz. 
Son, s. beta, pisar, farzand, (in camp.) 

zada. 

Son-iu-law, s. damad, khwesh, jamai. 
Song, s. git, gan, sarod, nagrna, gina. 
Songster, s. gawaiya, gane-wala, rnucrib, 

uagma-pardaz. 
Sonnet, s. gazal, khiyal. 
Sonorous, a.. pur-avvaz,awaz-dar, buland- 
Sonship, s. beta-pan, ibniyat. [awaz. 
Soon, ad. jaldi, abhi, thore-clin-men. 
Sooner, ad. aur-jaldi, shitab-tar ; pahle, 
Soot, s. duda, sawad, kajal. [pesh-tar. 
Soothe, v. chumkarna, khiishamad k. tas- 

kin d. tasalli k. 

Soothing, a. taskin-bakhsh, khatir-na- 
Sop, s. luqma, cnangal, tukra. fwaz. 
Sophism, s. pech, lapet, bahs i-be-haqi- 
Soporific, a. khwab-awar, sulau. [qat. 
Sorcerer, s. jadiigar, nairangsaz, sahir. 
Sorcery, s. jadugari, uairang, sihr, afsun. 
Sordid, a. tang-chashm, bakhil, dani ; 

faromaya. haqir; maila, chirkfn. 
Sore, s. ghao, zakhm, resh, qarha. 
Sore, a. pur-dard, dukhau ; I'unjida. 



Soreness, s. dard, dukh ; ran]. 
Sorrel, s. chuka, khatta sag, tursha. 
Sorrow, 5. gam, afsos, dilgiri, raujidagi, 

aiuloh. 

Sorrow, v. gain-khana,afsos k. ranjida h. 
Sorrowful, a. gamgin, dilgir, diltaug, 

malul, udas. 
Sorry, ou pasheman, pachhtau, mutas- 

sif ; haqir, dun, na-bakar. 
Sort, s. jins, qism, raqam ; wajh, tarah, 

taur, tariq ; taifa. 
Sort, v. raqam k. sudharna, arasta k. ; 

muwafiq h. 

Sot, s. matwala, be-hosh mard. 
Soul, s. rub., jan, nafs. 
Sound, a. bhala-changa, tan-durust, sa- 

hih, durust, rast, thik ; be-aib ; bhari. 
Sound, s. awaz, sada, bang, ilhan. 
Sound, v. awaz k. ya d. bajna ; bajana, 

nawaz k. ; sarahna, bolna ; thah 1. pani 

mapna ya atkalna, andaza k. 
Soundly, ad. achhi tarah, bakhubi. 
Soup, s. shorba, jus, ab-josh. [na-khush. 
Sour, a. khatta, tursh, hamiz; chir-chira, 
Source,s. nikas,baramad,masdar, sar,asl. 
Souse, u. bhigona, dubana, dubki d. ; 
South, s. dakhin, juniib. [jhapatna. 

Southing, s. dakhinayan. 
South-east, a. agm-kon. 
Southern, a. dakhani, junubi. 
Southward, a. dakhin-ko, ba-sue junub. 
Southwest, a. naich-tan. 
Sovereign, a. mutlaq, mustaqil, azam ; 
Sovereign, s. badshah, sultan, [kargar. 
Sovereignty,^, badshahat, saltanat, huku- 

mat istiqlal. 
Sow, v. bona, ropna, tukhmrezf k, ; bi 

chhana, phailana. 

Sow, s. suari, khuk-mada. [afroz. 

Sower, 6 1 . bowaiya, bone-w. ; angez, khez, 
Space, s. fasila, wasat, arsa, bich, mnd- 

dat, waqt. 
Spacious, a. phailau, wasi, ariz, pahna- 

war, khushada, farakh. 
Spade, s. kudal, kudali, bel ; ganjifa. 
Span, s. balisht, bilisht, bitta, biland. 
Spaniel, s. qism-i-kutta. 
Spar, s. karijtirjtir-cha; patthar-ka nam. 



SPE 



146 



SPI 



Spare, v. bachana, kifyat k. chhor d. ; 
dena ; jane d. ; muaf k. afu k. 

Spare, a. thora, qalil, kam ; patla, dub- 
la ; ziyada, baqi. [tang-dast. 

Sparing, a. kam-kharch, kifayati, juzras, 

Spark, s. chingari, chingi, patanga, akh- 
gar ; chhaila, banka. 

Sparkle, v. chingi chhutna ya jharna, 
chingari nikalna, chamakna, jhalakna, 
jhamjhamana. [shan, taban. 

Sparkling, v. chamkila,jagmaga,darakh- 

Sparrow, s. gauriya, kunjashk, chiriya. 

Spasm, s. jakar, maror, ainth, tashannuj, 

Spatter,uchhirakna,aiblagana.[pechish. 

Spavin, s. hadda, mothra. 

Spawn, s. machhli-ke ande. [talaffuz k. 

Speak, v. bolna, kahna, bat k. ; ucharna, 

Speaker, s. bolwaiya, mutakallim, su- 
khan-saz ; mir-i-majlis. 

Spear, s. barchhi, bhala, ballam, neza. 

Spearman, s. bhalait, neza-bardar. 

Special, a. khass, makhsus ; fazil, nadir. 

Specie, s. naqd, zar. 

Species, s. zat, qism, jins, naua, sinf. 

Specific, a. zati, qismi, jinsi. 

Specific, s. dawa mujarrab. 

Specification, s. tashkhfs, tafsil, wasf. 

Specify, v. tashkhis k. tafsilwar knhna. 

Specimen, s. namuna, namu-dar, bang). 

Specious, a. zahir-numa, khush-numa, 
surat-haram. [man da. 

Speck, s. chitkara, chhinta, dag ; phuli, 

Spcc.kled, a. chitla, chitkabra, dag-dar, 
palang-rang. [?j a b numaish. 

Spectacle, s. tamasha, marr/ar, mn/.hur, 

Spectacles, chashma, chashrnak, ainak. 

Spectator, s dekhwaiya, nazir, shahid, 
taniashai. [rit. 

Spectre, s. khiyal, surat-i-saya, bhut, jl- 

Speculate, v. andesha k. fikr k. lihaz k. 
taammul k. tasauwur k. ; kharfd k. 

Speculation, s. andesha, fikr, lihaz, ta- 
sauwur. [khiyalf, walimi. 
Speculative, a. fikr-mand, mulahiza-dr; 
Speculator, s. mansuba-baz, ahl-i-maq- 

aad; kharid-dar. 

Speech, s. boli, zaban, guftar, goyai ; 
sukhan, kalam ; tulluti'uz. 



Speechless, a. be-zaban, be-sukhan ; la- 

jawab. [harbari, daur. 

Speed, s. jaldf, zudi, shitab, tezrawi ; 

Speedily, ad. jaldf-se, shitaban, turt, 

fauran, daur-a-daur. 
Speedy, a. jald, shitab, tez, chalak. 
Spell, s. jftdu, afsun, mantar. 
Spell, v. hijje k. tahajji k. ; imla k. 
Spelling, s. hijje, tahajji ; imla. 
Spend, v. kharch k. sarf k. israf k. 

urana; katna. [zul-kharch. 

Spendthrift, s. urau, musrif, mutlif, fu- 
Spent, a. kharch hua, masruf ; manda, 

sust ; thaka. [jagah. 

Sphere, s. gola, kura, sipihr, qubba ; 
Spherical, a. gol, mudauwar, kura- war. 
Spheroid, s. qarib kura, baizawi chiz. 
Spice, s. masalih, garm-masalih. 
Spicy, a. niasalih-dar gamkila. 
Spider, s. makri, makra, ankabut. 
Spike, s. bal, jhompa, khosha ; niekh. 
Spikenard, s. sumbul-i-hindi, sumbul- 

it-tib, jatamansi. 
Spill, v. aundhana, chhalkana, dhalna, 

bahana, gira d. rezi k. marna 
Spin, v. katna, sut katna ; lambana, tat- 

wil k. ; banana ; pherna, ghumana, 

charkh marna. 
Spinage, s. isfanaj, palak. 
Spindle, s. takla, takua, duk. 
Spine, s. rirh, kangror, sulb. 
Spinner, s. katanhar, katne-wala. 
Spinning, s. katai, katnai, charkh-znm. 
Spinning wheelj^c'harkhajCharkhi.i-ahta. 
Spinster, s. kanwari, kuari ; katanhari. 
Spire, s. minar, kalas ; pech. 
Spirit, .s. ruh, nafs, jan ; dam; surat-i- 

vvalnni, khiyal, bhut ; dilen ; himmat, 

gairat ; taba, mizaj; tezi, garmi; araq, 

atr, sharab. 
Spirited, a. tez-dil, diler, zinda-dil, ahl- 

i-gairat. [batini. 

Spiritual, a. ruhani, nafsani, najismani, 
Spirituous, a. tez, tund ; /' 

sharab-lia. [qiuls. 

Spirituality, s. ruhaniyat, na-jismnniyat ; 
Spit, s. sikli ; thiik, luab. tuf. [thuk d. 
Spit, v. si^h. lagaiia, guthua j thukna, 



SPR 



147 



STA 



Spite, .<?. kfna, bugz, zidd. [desh. 

S| id-fill, a. kinawar, kina-kash, bad-an- 
Spittle, s. thi'ik, tuf, luab. 
Spl;ish, v. chhitki dalria, chhmta rnarna, 

aluda k. [malalat. 

Spleen, jf. tilli, pilai, tap-till) ; sauda, 
Splendid, a. bharkila, chatkila, raushan, 

rab-dar, rangila, raunaq-dar. 
Splendour, s. raunaq, jnhva, tajalli, bha- 

rak, chatak, jauhardari ; jah-o jalal. 
Splenetic, a tnnuk-mizaj, chirchira. 
Splice, v. santna, jorna. 
Splinter, s. khapach, phans, kirch, tukra. 
Split, r. clurna, pharna. phorna, chak 

k. ; phatna, phntna, tiitna. 
Spoil, r. bigarna.kharabk.; iutna, garatk. 
Spoil, s. lut, ganfmat, garat, taraj. 
Spoiler, s, bigraii ; lutera, garat-gar. 
Spokesman, s. bohvaiya, mutakallim. 
Spoliation, s. lut, garat, t;ir;ij. 
Sponge, s. isfauj. mua badal. 
Sponsor, 6\ zaniin-i-din. 
Spontaneous, a. muradi, ikhtiyari, kliud- 

bukhud, ap-se. 

Spoon, s. chamcha, chamach. 
Sport, s. khel,bazi, lab; hansi,bazla-bazi, 

tliattha, sukhriya; shikar; nakhchir. 
Sport, v. khelna, bazi k. ; khu.shi k. 

lahv-o-lab k. ' [khilari. 

Sportive, a. khush, hansmnkh, khel- 
Sportsman, s. shikari, shikarbaz. 
Spni. .y. chhit, dag, khal; aib, badnami; 

jagah. 

Spotless, a. be-dag, be-aib, la-jnrm. 
Spotted, a. chitla, chitkabra, dagila, 

dag-dar. 

Spouse, s. /auj ya zauja, joru ya khasam. 
Spout,s. tonti,pot,pae-nala; parn:ila,nal. 
Spout, v. uchhalna, fauwara, chhutua, 

phut-uikalna. 

Sprain, s. moch, maror, pechish. 
Sprawl, v. lotna, chhatpatana, hath paon 

mania : galtan-pechan k. 
Spray,s. palai,sar-i-shakh; phen-i-darya. 
Spread, v. bichhana, phailana, pasarna, 

chhana, farsh k. ; charhana, lagaria ; 

urana, zahir k. ashkara k. mashhur k. 
Sprig, 5. phungi, palai, shakhcha, qalam. 



Sprightly, a. shokh, shad, khush o-khur- 

ram, chulbula, chalak. 
Spring, v. ugiia, uthna, nikalna, upajnaj 

iK'hhalna ; chashma nikalna ; zaliirh. ; 

kudmi, phandna ; urana ; lachakna; 

upon, jhapatna, lapakna. 
Spring, s. bahar, rab^ ; jhapat, kud, 

lapak ; chimtahat, lachak ; kamancha ; 

chashma, mamba ; asl, bunyad. 
Spring-tide, s. kathal, madd-i-kamil. 
Sprinkle, v. chhirakna, chhitn-i, chhita 

marna, pash k. [gauchhai. 

Sprout, s. phungi, anknra, ankri, konpal, 
Sprout, i'. panapua, dali nikalna. 
Spruce, v. chhaila, chikaniya, albela, 

khush-numa. 
Spur, kanta, mahmez. 
Spur, v. er marna, kanta marna. 
Spurious, a. jhutha, jal, sakhta, libasi ; 

haramzada. [hiqarat k. 

Spurn, v. lat marna ; ihanat-se radd k. 
Spy, s. jasus, mutajassis, bhediya. 
Spy, v. takna, jhankna, nazar k. ; khojna, 

janchna,dhundhna, jasusi k.tajassus k. 
Spyglass, s. dur-bin. [siteza. 

Squabble,s.jhagra,bakhera,kharkhasha, 
Squalid, a. mahu, chirkin, maila, ganda. 
Squall, s. jhakora, jhoka ; chillahat. 
Squall, v. chillana, nala-ozari k. [k. 
Squander,v. urana, gan\vana,lutana, israf 
Square, a. chaukona, chauya cbargosha, 

murabba. 
Squat, v. ukru, baithna, chaukarf-mar 

baithna, char-zanii baithna. 
Squeak, v. chichiyana, kikiyana, chan- 

chanana- [bezar. 

Squeamish,a. machlaha, na-khush mizaj, 
Squeeze,v. dabana, nichornatipna,pelna. 
Squib, s. patakha, tontaj hajo, chhu- 
Squint, a. terha, tirchha. [chhundar. 
Squint, v. tirchha dekhna. 
Squint-eyed, a. dera, dhera, bhenga, 

kajbin, ahwal. 

Squirrel, s. gilahri, chikhur, rukhi. 
Squirt, s. pichkari, damkala. 
Scjuirt, v. pichkari mai-na. 
Stab, v. khanjar marna, bhonkna, hulna, 

chhcdua. 



STA 



148 



STA 



Stability, s. paedari, ustuwan, qarar, 

qiyam, thahrao- [qaim, mazbiit. 

Stable, a. paedar, ustuwar, barqarar, 
Stable, s. istabal, tawela, pae-gah. 
Stack, s. tal, atal, dher, tuda, ambar. 
Staff, s. lathi, sonta, asa, danda ; chhar. 
Stag, s. barah-singa, kandsar, ahu-nar. 
Stage, s. maclian, akhara, tamasha-gah ; 

manzil, marhala ; daija. 
Staggrr, v. dagrnagana, larbarana, lar- 

kbarana, latpatana ; be-dil h. tarsan 

h. hairan h. ghabrana ; pur-i-guman 

k. shubha nthaua. 

Stagnate??', khara h. na-rawan h. band h. 
Stain, s. dag, laka, lik ; bad-nami, aib. 
Stain, v. di\g lagana, dagi k. ; harf laua, 

ruswa k. 

Stair, s. sirhi, pairi, zina, nardb;in. 
Stake, s. khamba, khunta; suli, dar; 

shart, girau, rihn. 
Stake, v. khambe-se gherna j shart 

bandhna. girau d. 
Stale, a. basi, shabina, purana. 
Stalk, s. d;Ui dantlii, bheti bont [am k. 
Stalk, u. ainthke ya akarka chalna, kliir- 
Sta.ll, s. than, akhor ; takhta, dukancha, 
Stallion, s. sand, a,sp-i-nar. 
Stamen, s. sut, mul, zat, quwat-i-zatiya, 

nafs-i-badan. 
Stammer, v. haklana, larbarana, luknat 

k. tutlana. ftotlsi. 

Stammerer,s.haklaha,larbaraha,luknati, 
Stamp, s. chhapa, muhr, sikka, naqsli ; 

ayar ; surat, taj-ah. [pitna. 

Stamp,?;, chhapna, naqsh k. zarb k ; paon 
Stanch, a. barqarar, sabit, nia/.but. 
Stanch, v. lahu band k. sail-i-khun mas- 
dud k. 
Stand, v. khara h. ya rahna, qaim h. 

barpa h. ; rahna, homi ; bardasht k. 

thainbhna ; b>,, madad <1. ; 

kinara lona ; for, talib-i-mansab h. 

nmmcdwar h. ; wakil li. ; ft',b /ana 

ya rahna. dur r. ; out, barqar^r h. 

sabit-pa h. ; nikal-na ; to, waia 

k. ; m, (ji'mat, rakhna. 
Stand, s. istadagf, atkao. thahrao ; dhan- 

cha, gharuncha, tukhtu. 



Standard, s. alama, alam, rayat, litva, 

nishan, bairaq j ayar ya i) ar ; iiamuna ; 

nirkh, bhao. 
Standard-bearer, s. alam-bardar, mir-i- 

livva, jhandait. 
Standing, a. istada, khara barqarar, 

qaim ; pakka. [darja, hah 

Standing, s. istadagi, paedari, qadamat ; 
Stanza, s. bait, qita, doha. [i-rawaj. 
Staple, s. qtdaba, sikri,ganj,gola; asbab- 
Star,s. sitara, tara.akhtai 1 , najm, kaukab. 
Starch, s. mawa, mandi, dudhi, nishf'ista. 
Stare, v. ghurna. takna, tak bandhna ya 

lagana, tak ralma ; sahir h. 
Star-gazer, s. sitara-shinas, munajjim, 

akhtar-go. 

Starry, a. sitare-se arasta, kawakib-dar. 
Start, v. chaunkna, channk-uthna, jha- 

jhakna, bharakiui ; chalna, daurna, 

rawana k. ; chhutna, nikalna ; uthana, 

urana, nikalna. 
Startle, r. bharkana. darana. 
Starve, v. bhukh-pivasrakhna, bhukh-se 

mania : bhulihon mardnlna 
State, v. bayan k surat-i-hal k. arz k. 
State.,O)al,halat,Avaza: martaba,mansab; 

shan, shauqat, ihtisham ; saltanat, raj. 
Stately, a. shahana, umda, abshan, a/itn. 
Statement, s. surat-i-hal, haqiqat-i-hal, 

arz-dasht ; hisab. 
Station, .s. jagah, thikana. jjit^, Tia<jam, 

manzil, maqarr ; man sab, munzilat, 

darja, martaba. 
Station, v rakluia, khara k. baithalna- 

thahrana, rain k. nasb k. t]]'in. 

Stationary, a. sakin, n*-raw?in, sribit mu, 
Stationer, .<. kiijjazi, kftg:L7.-t'an>sli. 
StatiMiicry, 8, IxJiira/,, qalam, wagaira. 
Statuary, s but-tarashi, naqqashi : but- 

tarash, naqqash. 

Statue, s. surat-az-sang, but, sauam ; 
Stature, s. qadd, andam, qainat. 
Statute, N. <|ai(la, ;nn, (]aiuii), amr. 
Stave, v. torna, tukra-tukra k ; dafa k. 
Stay, 9. rahna, tikna, thahui-na, ba.snn, 

hi'id-o-bas}) k. ; ilcr k. ; /alt k. rukna ; 

tliHmblina. pushi i d. 
Slays, s. ungiya, choli nmhrum. 



STI 



149 



STO 



Stead, s. jagah. jap, iwaz, badal, badli. 
;':ist., a. qaim, paedar, qaim-mizaj, 

subit-qadam. 
Siendy. a. piedar, ustuwar, qaim-mizaj, 

snbit-qadam. 
Steal, v. churi k. churana, ehura-lejana, 

duzdi k. ; upon, chhipake nazdik- 

ana ; away, chap-chap chale-jana. 
Stealth. ,s. ohori duzdi ; by , chhiprike, 

chup-chap. 

Steam, s. bhaph, bhaphara, bukhar, 
Steam-engine, s. ag-ka alat. [dhuan. 
Steed, s. ghora, sainand, bad-pa. 
Steel, s. fiilad, ispat, kheri. 
Steep, a. khara uncha, sarasheb, dhalu. 
Steep, v. bhigoiia. 
Steeple, s. minar, lath. 
Steer, 3. khaila, dohan. 
Steer, v. chalana, j-ah-batana. 
Steersman,s. inanjlii, kanharila, kandari. 
Stem, s. bont, cbiTitln', bheti ; nasl, nasab 
SriMii,i;. dhar-parcharhna; rokna,bandk. 
Stench, s. bad-bo, gand, taaffun. 
Step, *\ qadam, gam, pa ; dial, rawish ; 

sirhi, rutba ; paya darja, martaba ; 

kam ; (in camp.) sautela or sauteli. 
Step, u. qadam r. chalna, langhua; hatna. 
Step-daughter, s. bahu, patch, rabiba. 
Step- father, s. sasur, susar, rab. 
Step- mother, s. sas, saufceli ma, maibha. 
Step-son, s. jamai, rabib. 
Sterile, a. kallar, usar, shor, sukha. 
Sterility, s. kallarai, usarai, shoriyat. 
Stern, a. tursh-ru, sakht, darusht tund. 
Stern, .>. kishti-ka pichhwara, dumbal-i- 

jahaz. [dari ; diwan. 

Steward, 5. kliRnsaman, bakawal, bhan- 
Stewardsbip, s. khansamim-gari, diwani. 
Stick, s. lakri, lathi, chhan, chob. danda. 
Stick,u. chipatna,chimatna.satna,lagna; 

hich.uchaua, ghabrana ; clihedna, 

bhonkna. 

Stickle, v. hujjat k. tarafdari k. 
Stiff, a. karra, sakht, kara magra, rukha. 
Stiffen, u. karra k. ya h. sakht k. yn h. 
Stiff-necKed, a. sar-kash, gardan-kash, 

magra. [magrai. 

Stiffness, s. sakhtf, jarataj sar-kashi, 



Stiflo, r. sansrokna; dabana, bujhaua j 

cliliipana 

Stigma, s. dag, chinh, harf, aib. 
Siiginati/i!, v. dag charhana ya lagana, 

badnami d. 
Still, a. chnp, sakit, sunsan ; sakiu, 

asiida, be-harakat. [ba-wajud. 

Still, ad. ab-tak, ab-torf, hanoz. tahatii, 
Still, v. chup k. khamosh k. ; tharnbhua, 

asuda k. task in d. 

Still-born, a. mua-jana, be-jan zaida. 
Stillness, s. chuppi, khamoshi, sunsanf ; 

asudagf, sukunat. 
Stimulate, v. tahris k. tahrik k. targib k. ; 

chalami, daurana, jagana. 
Stimulus, s. tahris, tuhrik tai'gib. 
Sting, s dank, nesh, dans, nawak. 
Sting,v. dankmarria, dankiyana, bindhna. 
Stingy, a. tang-dast, tang-dil, bakhil, 

shum-mi/.aj. 

Stink, s. bad-bo, gand ufunat, taaffun. 
Stipend, s. wazifa, uliifa, mushahara, 

rozina. [paiman k. 

Stipulate, v. start k. thahrana, ahd-o- 
Stipnlation, s. shart, qaul-qarar, ahd-o- 

paiman. 
Stir, u. khisakna, sarakna, harakat k. ; 

hilana, uthana, jurabish d. 
Stir, s. hangania, harbari, halchal. 
Stirrup, s. rikab. [tasak, tfs. 

Stitch, s. tanka, dokht, bakhiya, lapki ; 
Stitch, v. tankna, dokht k. lapkf k, sina, 

turapna. 
Stock, s. tana, pya, gola ; knnda ; gulu- 

band; asl, nasl; punji maya ; ahmaq. 
Stock, v. pur k. am bar lagana, punji k. 
Stocking,.s.mozasutiyareshmi,pae-taba. 
Stocks, s. kunda, liar, kath. 
Stomach, s. nijda, shikam, jhojh, ojh. 
Stomachic, a. hazim, gawar-kuninda. 
Stone, *. patthar, sang, hajar ; sang-i- 

masana ; tukhm, dana ; wazu (4 sir.) 
Stone, a. patthri, sangi, sangin. 
Stone, v. patthar marna, sangsar k 
Stone-cutter, s. patthriya, saugtarash. 
Stony,a.patthrila,sangist;in.sangf. sakht. 
Stool, .s. pfrha, morha, kursi ; jhara. 
Stoop, u. jhui;ua uihuriia, mail h. ; sar 



STR 



150 



STR 



faro k. ; chapna, qabul k. razi h. ; 

jhapat lena. 
Stop, v. rahna, khara rahna, band h. ; 

rokna, mana k. band k. masdud k. ; 

mauquf k. ; baz r. [nuqta. 

Stop, s. atkao, rok bandi, mana ; nishan, 
Stoppage, s. atkao, bandi, mana; sadd, 

mumanat. 
Store, s. firawani, kasrat, dher khazana, 

zakhira ; maya. [bhandar. 

Store-house, s. ambar-khana, garijina, 
Stork, s. laqlaq, laklak. [hamla. 

Storm, s. andhi, tufan, jhakkar ; hnjum, 
Storm, v. daur-maraa, harnla-se lena ; 

gazab-ae sarzanish k. 
Stormy, a. andhiyaha, tufani, mauwaj ; 

gazab-nak. [tabqa. 

Story, s. kahani, dastan, qissa ; manzil, 
Stout, a. tanawar, mota, mazbut, qawi ; 

dilawar, pahlwan. 
Stoutness, s. tanawari, motai, mazbuti, 

quwat; dilerf. 
Straddle, v. tang chhitrake chalna, ku- 

shada-rau chalna. 
Straggle, v. idhar-udhar phirna, awara h. 

paraganda h. 

Straight, a. sidha, sojha, rast, mustaqim. 
Straighten, v. sidha k. rast k [turt. 

Straightway, ad. fil-faur, fauran, tadhi, 
Strain, v. chhanna, garna, nichorna ; 

lachkana, kachkana ; jidd-o-jahd k. 

bhar-maqdur k. 
Strain, s. moch, lachak maror ; nagma, 

tarannum ; wajh-i-sukhan, sirat-i-ka 
Strainer, s. chhanna, safi. [lam. 

Strait, a. sakra, tang, chust. 
Strait,.?. gh;iti',taiigrah, gali; sakhti,tangf. 



Straitness, s. tangi, chusti, sakhti. [na. 
Strand, s. kinaru, sahil, l;il-i-d;irya. 
Strange, a. begana, ganb, ajnab ; jib, 

ajul), nadir, b;ulf. [na-waqif. 

r, ,s-. ujnabi, gair-admi, begana ; 
. pliansi d. ga.lji dabana ya 

ghontna, tasma khainchna. 
Strangury, x. habs-ul-haiil, asar-nl-baul. 
Strap, s chamoti, diiali tasina. dlioklia. 
Stratagem, s. kila, iareb, iitrat, fann, 



Stratum, s. tabaq, tabqa, bisat, tah. 
Straw, s. puwal, bichali; nah', danthi, 

tinka. [bhulna. 

Stray, v. bhatakna, gum-rah h. be-rah h. 
Streak, s. khatt, lakir, dhari ; partau. 
Streaked,a. khattdar, lahariya, dhariclar. 
Stream, s. sail, jiryan, dhara. 
Streamy. dhara bandh-ke nikalna, jari h. 
Streamer, s. pharahra, pataka bad-numa. 
Street, s. gali, kucha, rasta, sarak. 
Strength, s zoi*, quwat, zorawari, tawa- 

nai, mazbuti. 
Strengthen, v. zor d. quwat d. qawi k. 

zorawar k. mazbut k. [mazbut. 

Strenuous, a. sar-garm, shadid, tund ; 
Stress, s. girani, sangiui, bojh, bar; zor 

qahr. [barhana. 

Stretch, v. khainchna, tanna, phailana, 
Strew, v. chhitkana, khinuana, bichana. 
Strict, a. sakht, durusht, shadid ; thik, 

daqiq ; mashgul. [giri, chherchhar. 
Stricture, s. sakor, simtao, tangi ; harf- 
Stride, s. phalang, shutur-gam. 
Stride, v. phalang marna ya k. [nazaat. 
Strife, s. jhagra, siteza, munaqisha, mu- 
Strike, v. marna, thonkna, pitna ; qata 

k. ; chhaona ; uthana; Tirana; bajana; 

jharna ; bandhna, karna. 
String, s. rassi, dori, siitli, rasan, res- 
man, tar ; silsila, zanjir. 
String, v. pirona, guthna, ganthna; tar 

charhana, doi-i lagana. 
String}', a. khujhraha, resha-dar. 
Strip, s dhajji, para, taraslia. 
Strip, v. nanga k. uryan k. ; ukhafna, 

ndherna utarna, le-lena, lutna. 
Stripe, x. lakir.dandir, doriya; kora, zarb, 
Stripc'd, a. laliariya, sinkiya, dhari-dar. 
Stripling, s. nini-jawnn, gabru. 
Strive, v. qaed k. koshish k. jidd-o-jahd 

k. zor mania, jan ii^hani k. ; zidd k. ; 

dekha-dt-khi k. [khait. 

Stroke, s. mar, cho, zarb, sadma ; lakir ; 
Stroke,y.sahlana, hiithpherna,ponclihna. 
Stroll, r. kucha-gardi k. harza-gardi k. 

phirnd. 
Strong, a. zorawar, qawi, mazbiit ; h;isin, 

sukht, mustahkain ; tez ; ganda. 



SUB 



151 



SUB 



Structure, s. bauawat, tamir; jmarat, 

bina ; shakl, surat. 
Struggle, r. hath-paon marna, daur-dhup 

k. jidd-o-jahd k. mihnat k. ; kushti k. 
Strut, v. akarna, ainthna, khiram k. 
Strumpet, s. kasbi, fahisha. 
Stubble, s. danthi, nari, kkunti. 
Stubborn,*, sar-kash, gardau-kash,mag- 

ra, hathila, ziddi. 

Stud, s. gul-mekh, phul ; khail, paga. 
Stud. v. phul jarna, murassa k. [gird. 
Student, s. talib-i ilm, mutaallam, sha- 
Studious, a. ilm- dost, talib ; mashgul. 
Study, s. mutalaa, tahsil-i-ilm ; shugl, 

sai, mihnat. 
Stud}-, v. mutalaa k. ilm sikhna, dars 

k. sai k. qasd k. ; fikr k. 
Stuft', v thasna, thosna, khonchna, bhar- 

iia, ser k. 
Stuff, s. chiz, jins, asbab, saman, rakht, 

j)archa, kapra ; dawa. [rnasalah. 

Stuffing, s. khonchi, bharawat, bharti ; 
Stumble, v. thokar ya thes khana ; bhul- 

na, saho k. 

Stumbling-block, s. atkao, muzahimat. 
Stump, s. tund, thunth, khunti. [k. 

Stun, v. be-hosh k. sar-gardan k. bahra 
Stupefaction, s.be-hosbi, be-khiidi, mur- 

chha, sai'Sami. 

Stupendous, a. ajib, hairat-afza, azim. 
Stupid, a. ahmaq, be-waquf, be-aql ; be- 

zarafat. [kund-zihni. 

Stupidity, s. himaqat,be-waqufi, safahat, 
Stupify, v. be-hosh k. be-hawass k. sar- 

sam k. 

Stupor, s. be-hosh]', be hawassi, sarsami. 
Sturdy, a. tanomand, zorawar, mazbut. 
Stutter, v. haklana, larbarana, luknat k. 
Sty, s. suar-khana, khobar. [tab. 

Style, s. ibarat, istilah, insha ; laqab, khi- 
Style. v. nam d. laqab ya khitab d. 
Suavity, s. shirini, mulairnat, lutf, muda- 
Subaltern, s. mutabi, zer-i-hukm. [ra. 
Subdivide, v. taqsim-i-sani k. hisse-ka 

hissa k. [zabt k. 

Subdue, v. maglub k. shikast d. dabana ; 
Subject, v. taskhir k. itaat k. mutabi k. 

tariz k. 



Subject, s. raaiyat, farman-bardar ; maz 
miin, muddad; mubtada. 

Subject, a. mutj, tabi, zer-saya; muar- 
raz, mutahammil. 

Subjection, s. farman-bardari, tabidari, 
inqiyad, itaat. 

Subjoin, w. ilhaqk.muzafk.pichhelikhna. 

Subjugate, v. maglub k. zer k. qabu-men 

Subjunctive, a. sharti; muzaf. [lana. 

Sublimate, s. raskapur. 

Sublime, a. buland, rafi, all, umda, ulwi. 

Sublimity, s. bulandi, irtiifa, ulwiyat bu- 
land-parwazi. [qarnar. 

Sublunary, a. dunyawi, jahani, taht-nl- 

Submission, s. itaat, wazaat, farman-bar- 
dari, ajizi. [bidar, farotan. 

Submissive, a. farman-bardar, mutia, ta- 

Submit, v. itaat k. sar-faro r. tabi h. in- 
qiyad, r. dabna ; age r. pesh k. ; chhor- 
na ; qabul k. [hukm. 

Subordinate, a. chhota, mutabf, zei'-i- 

Subordination, s. mutabaat, mahkumi- 
yat, zer-hukmi. [d. 

Suborn, v. jhuthi gawahf dilana, rishwat 

Subpoena, s. talab-chitti, talab-nama. 

Subscribe, v. dast-khattlikhna,nam likh- 
na ; qabiil k razi h. 

Subscription, s. dast-khatt ; chanda, bih- 
ri, bakhshish. [khir, akhir. 

Subsequent, a. pichhla, pas-rau, muakh- 

Subservienta.muawin,madadgar,kar<r;ir. 

Subside, v. ghatna, baitua, niche jna 
tah nishin h. ; kam h. [gnzar. 

Subsidiary, a. muawin, madadgar, khira j- 

Subsidy, s. ianat, madad; khiraj, pesh 
kasli, nalbandi. 

Subsist, u. hona, rahna ; paedar h. ; jina, 
guzran k. paina 

Subsistence, s. hasti, wajud ; guzran, 
maash, rizq, rozi. 

Substance, s. chiz, jins, jism, zat ; khu- 
lasa, jauhar, maya, asl ; natija ; mal ; 
ustuwari, quwat; amwal,asbab,daulat. 

Substantial, a, asli jauhari, zati, m;iu- 
jiid, jismaui ; mazbut, ustuwarj inal- 
dar. daulat-mand. [ti d. 

Substantiate, v. sabit k. dalalat k. ; has- 

Substautive, ism-i-zat, mubtada. 



sue 



152 



SUL 



Substitute, s. iwazi, badli, janishin, qaim- 
muqam. [shin k. 
Substitute, v. iwaz k. badal k. ; jani- 
Substitution, s. iwaz-muawiza, tabdil, 

adl-badl. 

Substratum, s. niche-ka tabaq ya tah. 
Subterfuge, a. bahana, hila, ghol-ghu- 

mas, chhal. 

Subterranean, a. zer-i-zamm, zer-i-khak. 
Subtile, a. barik, daqiq, tunuk ; zirak, 

nukta-dan, khurda-bm, bila-baz. 
Subtility, s. bariki, diqqat; ziraki, nuk- 

ta-dani, fann-o-farebi. [na, farebi. 
Subtle, a. zirak, nukta-dan hilabaz, siya- 
Subtract, v. katna, nikalna, waza k. 

minha k. 

Subtraction, s. waza, minim, ghatao. 
Suburbs, s. hawali-shahr, pairarnan-i- 

shahr, daman-i-shahr. 
Subvert, v. zer-zabar k. tah-o-bala k. 

sar-nigun. k. paemal k. wiran k. 
Subversion, s. zer-zabar-sazi, inqilab, 

paemali, kharabi. 
Succeed, u. pichhe ana, pairavi k. ; pai- 

dar-pai h. mutawatir h. naubat k. 

qaim-muqam h. ; kamyab h. 
Succodaneum, s. badal, iwaz, s?anti. 
Success,.s\kamyabi,bahramaud].barakat. 
Successful, a. kamyab, bahramaud, 

bakhtyar, peshraft. 
Succt!S.sion, s. tasalsul, tawatur, tawali, 

tai-aduf ; nuras, jae-uasliini. 
Successive, a. mutawali, mutawatir, mu- 

salsal, pai-dar-pai. [ala-tawatur. 

Succi'ssively, ad. pai-dar-pai, ek-par-ek, 
Successor, s. jae-uishin, qaim-muqam, 

pairau. [kotah. 

Succinct, a. mujiz, muqtasar, mukhtasar, 
Succour, s. madad, van, ciiai-a, ianat. 
Suct'ul(^nt,a.raRil;i,ras-(l;>r. sh;i(i;tb,serab. 
Succumb, v.dabna, sir nawair.i, mairlnl) h. 
Sucb, pr. aisa, jaisa, waisa, taisaj fulan, 

fulaua. 

Suck, v. chusna, pfna, sokhna, jazb k. 
Suckle, v. pilana, diidh d. 
Suckling, s. slur-khurda, shirmast, dudh- 

kii h;ic!iclia. 
Suction, s. chusao, khinchao. 



Sudden, a. nagahan, natralianf, ekd-ek 4 
Suddenly, ad. nagah, nagahan, eka-eki, 

yak-a-yak, yak-bargi. [angei. 

Sudorific, a. pasijau, pasina-war, araq-' 
Suds, s. sabun-ka phen ya kaf. 
Sue, v. adalat-men khamcha, dad-khwahi 

k. ; mangna, niyaz k. 
Suffer, v. uthana, lena, pana, sahna, 

bharna, khana, kliainchna, bardasht k. 

sabr k. tahammul k. j ijazat d. jaiz r. 

dena. 
Sufferable, a. sahankar, bardashtani, ta- 

hammul-pazir. [parwangi. 

Sufferance, s. sabr, tahammul ; ija^Mt, 
Sufferer, s. dukhi, dard-khur, azar-yab, 

sahwaiya. [yat, iza. 

Suffering, a. dukh, dard, ranj, azar, azi- 
Snffice, v. bas h. kafi h. kifayat k. wafir h. 
Sufficiency, s. kifayat, iktifa, wufur ; 

wajh-i-guzran. 

Sufficient, a. bas, kafi, wafi ; laiq, qabil. 
Suffocate, v. Sans rokna, gala ghontna, 

dam-band k. [fas, sans- band karua. 
Suffocation, s. dam-girifcagi, habs-ul-na- 
Suffrage, s. qaul, qaul-i-amm, raza. 
Suffuse, v chhana. phailana, bharna. 
Suffusion, s. phaihio, afshan ; Jala. 
Sugar, s. shakar, chuii ; ra-w , gur, 
Sugar-boiler, s. k-mdu. [khand, bhura. 
Sugai-craiH.', s. ikh, ukh, ganna, ganda, 

|);ui!!(la. katara, naishakar. 
Sugarcandy, s. misri qand. [kahna. 
Suggest, v. ishara k. batlana, chitana, 
Suggestion, s. ishara, gosh-guzan, salah; 

ig\va [kush, qatil-i-nais. 

Suicide, s. kliu(]-kushi,qatl-i-nafs:khud- 
Suit,s.jora,silsila : Bawari,jaleb; ;ir/, ar/.- 

tls'ishr., (larkhvvast; muqaddama; lalab. 
Suit, v. phabna, lagna, m Ina ya milaua, 

muwafiq h. ya k. munasilj h. ya k. 
Suitable, a. shaista, muwafiq, munasib, 

saxawar. Taurat, :ishiq. 

Suitor, &\ dad-khwah, nmddai ; talib-i- 
Sullcn, i a. na-klulsh, bariiam, kashida, 
Sulky, I lira /amir, munh-phula. 
Sullv, v. maila k. aliida k. dag lagana, 

khan'.b k. 
Sulphur, s. gandhak, gogird, kibrit. 



SUP 



153 



SUR 



Sultry, a. khmnas, garm-o-be-hawa. 
Sum, .. mabhiir ; torn ; jama, jumla, ha- 

niau'i; asl, msiva; hasil, natija, khulasa. 
Sum. v. jcriM, jama k. hisab k. ; mujmal 

k. khulasa nikalna. 
Summary, a. mujmal, mukhtasar. 
Summary, s. iklitisar, muja/,, khulnsa. 
Summer, s. garma, tabist/an, saif; 

house, barahdari. 
Summit, s. sar, qulla, ras, chontf. 
Summon, v. talab k. bula-bhejna, pakar- 

mangana. [bulahat. 

Summons, .s. talab-chitthi, talab-nama ; 
Sumptuous, a. besh-qimat, shahana, fa- 

khira, jhakajhak. 
Sun, s. suraj, aftab, mihr, shams. 
Sunbeam, s. partau, shua-i-aftab. 
Sunburnt, a. dhiip ka jala, kala. 
Sunday, s. itwar ya etwar ; rabibar. 
Sundial, s. dhup-ghaj-i, daira-e-hindf. 
Sundiy, a. kai-ek, do-tin, chand, baze, 

tbore-se. 

Sunflower, s. suraj-mukhf, gnl-i-aftab. 
Sunrise, s. matla-i-aftab, tulu-i-shams. 
Sunset, 5. gurub-i-attab, suraj-ka dubna. 
Sunshine, s. dhiip, shua-i-aftab, tab. 
Sup, v, rat-ka khana khana, asha khana ; 

jura-jura khana. [rat, ifrat, 

Superabundance,.?. bahutat, ziyadati,kas- 
Superannuated,a.burha,salkhurda, khid- 

mat rasida. [raunaq-dar. 

Superb, a- azfm, alishan, shahana, qimati, 
Supercargo, s. jahaz-ka chat'liandar ya 

karndhar. [khmlbin, kashida. 

Supercilious, a. mutakabbir, magrur, 
Superficial, a. uparla, bahiri, baruni, za- 

hir sprat-riuma ; kham, be-huda; su- 

buk-sar, be-aql. [sitat. 

Superficies, s. rii, wajb, sath, wasat, ba- 
Saperfine, a. bahut barik ya mihin ; sab- 

se achchha, khush-tarin. 
Superfluous, a. zaid, af/ud, fazul, kasfr. 
Superintendence,s.nigahbani, sarbai'aiii, 

sardari. 
Superintendent, s. nignhban, sarbarah- 

kar, nazir, karfarma, sarkob. 
Superior, a. bara, bartar, ala, aulatar, 

bihtar; galib. 



Superiority, s. bapai, bartan, anliyat, 
sabqat. 

Superlative, a. afzal, sab-se bara; de- 
-iija-i-mubaliga. [insaniyat. 

Supernatural, a. fauq-ul-adat, f'aucj-ul- 
Superscription, s. sar-nama, bala-navisi. 
Suporsede,i'.bartaraf k. naskh k. batil k. 
Superstition, s. dm-i-batil, iman-i-batil, 

waswas. [y"' 1 ? waswasi. 

Superstitious, s. ahl-i-iman-i-batil, khi- 
Supervisor, s. see Superintendent. 
Supine, a. utau, chit ; sust, kahil, gaiil. 
Supper, s. rat-ka khana, asha, biyari. 
Supplant, v. kiu'sazi-se tagir k. jagah 

marna, sarka-baitlma. [laim. 

Supple, a. narrn, lachakta, chimra ; mu- 
Suppliant,s. arzumand, myazmand, mul- 

tamis, mult.'iji. [paon parna. 

Supplicate, v. iltimas k. niyaz k. istida k. 
Supplication, s. niyaz, iltimas, istida, 

tamanni, minnat. 
Supply, v. dena, bakhshna; paida k. ; 

madad k. khabargiri k. 
Support, v. bardasht k. sahna ; uthana ; 

parwarish k. ; takiya k. pushti d, ; 

thmna ; sabit k. 
Support, s. tek, tekan, takiya, pushti 

taqwiyat; parwarish, qut. 
Supportable, a. bardashtani, sahau. 
Suppose, r. qiyas k. khij'al k. bujhna, 

samajhua. 

Suppose, ad. farzan, mano, jano. [?;a. 
Supposition, s. qiyas, khiyal, fikr, anda- 
Suppress, v. dabana, magiub k. ; chhipa- 

na, makhfi k. ; mansukh k. [kalna. 
Suppurate, v. pakna, pibiyana. pib ni- 
Suppuration, s. pakao, pibiyahat. 
Supremacy, s. auliyat, sarwan, sardari, 

riyusat. [mustaqill, 

! Supreme, a. barn, ala, sadr, mutlaq, 

Sure, a, sach, yaqin, sabit, muqarrar ; 

musallum, be-khatr ; qaim, mazbut. 
Surety, s. zamini, kafalat; zarnin, kaffl. 
Surface, s. upar, ru, wajh, safha, satli, 
Surfeit, s. aphrai, seri. [bisat. 

Surfeit, v. apharna, aghann, ser k. 
Surge, s. hiliiora, hilora, mauj, rnauja. 
Surgeon, s. jarrah, hajjam. 



SWA 



154 



SYM 



Surgery, s jarrahi ; jarrah-khana. 
Surly, a durusht, talkh, talkhru, tursh, 

rukha. 

Surmise, s. khiy al, wahm, gnman, shubha. 
Surmount,y. upar charhna, galib h. parh. 
Surname, s. laqab, khitab-i-khandan. 
Surpasg,y.uparjana,saras h. barh-chaln a, 

sabqat lejana, peshqadam h. galib h. 
Surplus, s. bachti, barhti, beshi, afzuni. 
Surprise, s. tajjub, hairani, ashuftagi, 

mufajat. 
Surprise, y. mutajjih k. hairan k. ; be- 

khabar pahunclma ya lena. 
/Surprising, a. ajib, badi, hairat-angez. 
Surrender, v. sompna, tafwiz k. taslim 

k. hawala k. zimma k. 
Surreptitious, a. chorau, masruq. 
Surround, v. gherna, gird k. muhasara k. 
Surtout, s. baraui kurti. [ihata k. 

Survey, r. dekhna, nigah k. nazar k. ; 

jarib-kashi k. masahat k. 
Survive, v. jita rahna, ji-bachna, baqi r. 
Survivor, s. jo jita raha, paszinda, pas- 

manda. [mulaim. 

Susceptible, a. akhiz, pazir; iiarm-dil, 
Suspect, u. shubha r. guman k. ; bad- 

guman r. taqsirwar janna. 
Suspend, w. tangna, jhulaiia, latkana, 

muallaq r. ; multawi r. mauquf r.muat- 

tal r. mazul k. [pesh, shubha. 

Suspense, s. taraddud, hais-bais, pas-o- 
Suspension, s. latkao ; tawaqquf ; mazulf. 
Suspicion, s. shubha, shakk, ginnan, 

wahm, raib ; bad-guman>, tuhmat. 
Suspicious, a. shakki, wahmi, bad-gu- 

man ; guman a war, tuhmati. 
Sustain, v. bardashtk. sahna; sambhalna, 

takiya k. ; madad k. ; parwarish k. 
Sustenance, s. parwarish, khurak, rozi ; 
Sutler, s. bhathiyara, banjarn. [rozgar. 
Swagger, u. shaiklu k. lafzani k. kalla 

marna, dbumdham-se chalna. 
Swallow, s. ababil ; halaq, gala. 
Swallow, v. nigalna, lilna, ghuntna. 
Swallow- wort, s. mandar, ak. 
Swutup, s. dal-dal, dhasan, chorzamin. 
Swan, s. raj-hana. 
Swarm, s. jhuncjl, dher, izdiham. 



Swarm, i\ bhir-bhar h. jama k. 
Swarthy, a. sanwla, kala, gandum-rang. 
Swathe, u. patti ya peti-se bandhna. 
Sway, s. hukumat, mukhtari. 
Sway, u. hukumat k. ; mail k. [khana. 
Swear, u.qasam khaiiaya dilana, saugaud 
Sweat, s. pasina, paseb, araq. [nikalna. 
Sweat, y. pasijna pasiua chhutna ya 
Sweep, v, jharna, jharu-dena, buharna ; 

khiram k. ; utha-lejana. 
Sweeper, s. chuhra, mihtar. 
Sweet, a. mitha, shinn : laziz, khush ; 

narm, muiaim ; na-namkin. 
Sweeten, v. mithana, mitha k. shirin k. 
Sweetheart, s. piyaraya piyari,dil-fareb, 

dil-band, ankh-laga, ashiq y a mashuqa, 

shahid. 

Sweetish, a. mitha-sa [lauziyat, &c. 

Sweetmeat, s. mithai, halwa, murabba, 
Sweetness, s. mithas, mithai, shirini ; 

mulayimat. [barhna. 

Swell, v. phulna, sujna, waram k. uthna, 
Swell, s. phulao ; rnauj, lahar. 
Swelling, s. phulao, suj ; waram, gumra. 
Swift, a.jald, toz,tuud,tezqadam, chalak. 
Swiftness, s. jaldi, tezi, tez-rawi, tundi, 

shitabi. 
Swim, u. pairna, tairna, shinawari k. ; 

bahna, bhasna ; ghumua, teorana. 
Swimming, s. pairai, tirao; ghurni, tewar. 
Swine, s. siiar, khiik, khinzir. [dear, 
Swing, y. jliulna, dolna, jhumna ; jhulaua, 

dulaiia, hilana, bhanjiia. 
Swing, s. jhulao ; jhula, hindola. 
Switch, s. chhari, bet, qazib. 
Swivel, s. rahkala, zambtirak, janjal. 
Swoon, s. murchha, gashi ; behoshi. 
Swoon, y. murchha ana, gash ana. 
Swoop, v. jhapat-lena ya marna. 
Sword, s. talwar, shamsher, saif, teg. 
Sycophant, s. khushamadi, khayabardar. 
Syllable, s. hijja. 
Sylvan, a. jangali, dashtf. 
Symbol, s. nishan, alaaiat, shiar. 
Symbolical, a. alamati, shiarnnma, dall. 
Sy mpathy,s.ham-dard i,haintabai, riqqat. 

shafaqat. 
Symptom, s. nishan, alaniat, asar. 



TAL 



155 



TEA 



Synecdoche, s. zikv-i-juz, irada-i-kull, 
y?i zikr-i-kull, iiada-i-juz. [khana. 

Synod, s. jamiat-i-ulma, rnajlis mushai- 

Synonymous, a. ham-mam, yak-mani, 

mutaradif. 
ynopsis, s. mukhtasar, mujmal, khulasa. 

Syntax, s. naho. 

Syringe, s. pichkari, huqna, damkala. 

System, s. qanun, qaida, rasm, m'zam. 



Tabernacle, s. khima, tambu ; ibadatgah. 
Table, ,-% me? ; takhta ; fihrist ; lauh ; na- 

ma; naqsha. [kf chaddar. 

Table-cloth, s. dastarkhwan, sufra, mez- 
Tableb, s. lauh, takhti, pati. 
Tacit, a. chupka, sakit; mutazammin. 
Taciturnity, s. khamoshi, sukut, chupki. 
Tack, u. tankna, jorna ; jahaz phivana. 
Tackling, s. jahaz- ka asbab ya saranjarn, 

resman. [safl'-araj. 

Tactics, s. fann-i-jang, larai-ki hikmat, 
Taffeta, s. tafta, cheoli. [banda, lunda. 
Dail, s. dnm, dumbal, punch; less, 
Tailor, s. darzi, khaiyat. 
Taint,! 1 , aluda k.bigarna,sarana,bosida k. 
Take, v. lena, hasil k. ; pakarna; qabul 

k. ; samajhua ; kamyab h. ; le-lena ; 

uthana ; up, utha-lena ; off, utai % - 

na ; care of, khabardari k. [hairat. 
Taking, s. lena, pakar, girift ; iztirab, 
Talc, 5. talq, abraq. [hisab. 

Tale, s. kahani, qissa, dastan, hikayat; 
Tale-beai'er,s.chugl-khor,gammaz,lutra. 
Talent, s. wazn,- tora, sikkaj qudrat, 

qablyat, idrak, jauhar. 
Talk, v. bolna, kahna, bat-chit k. guftogu 

k. baten k. batiyana, bakna, gapna. 
Talk, s. bolchal, bat-chit, guftogu, su- 

khan, gap. [barbariya. 

Talkative, a. bakki, batuni, batkaha, 
Talker, s. bakwaha ; qail, sukhanran, go. 
Tall, a. lamba, uncha bulandbala, tawil. 
Tallow, s. charbi pi, pih. 
Tallnoss, s. lambai, unchai, bulandi. 
Talon, v. nakhun, ohang, changul, nakh, 

panja. 



Tamarind, s. tamar-i-hindi, imli, tintip. 

Tamborine, s. khanjari. 

Tame, a. hila, pala-hua, haljm, ram ; 

khangi ; dhir, kund ; behimmat. 
Tamper, r.chherna, hath dalna; karsazi k. 
Tan, v. dabbagat k. sijhana ; jhanwana. 
Tangible, a. mamsiis, lama-pazir, mum- 

kin-ul-lams. 

Tank, s. talab, talao, hau/. 
Tanner, s. dabbag, chamar. [dahkana. 
Tantalize, v lalchana, lahrana, tarsana, 
Tap, s. thap, thopj, thapak, thappar. 
Tap, v. thap-thapana, khat khatana, 

thapna ; chhedua, naqb k. 
Tape, s. patti, qor, niwar, phita. 
Tar, s. ral, qitran. 
Tar, v. ral lagana, dhupna. 
Tardy, a. dhila, dhima, sust, kahil, der, 

dirang. 

Target, s. dhal, sipar. 
Tarnish, v. maila k. aluda k. be-jila k. 
Tarry, v. thaharna, tikna, rahna ; deri k. 

intizari k. 

Tartar, s. durd-i-sharab, tartir ; tatar log. 
Task, s. kam, kar-o-bar, amal, shugl, 

wazifa; thika ; dars, sabaq. 
Task, v. kam d. kar-o-bar muqarrar k. 
Tassel, s.jhabba,phunda,rnangula,latkan. 
Taste, s. chakhna, chikhna, maza 1. zaiqa 

1. ; ba dil-pasandi, daryaft k. 
Taste, s. ?auq, lazzat, maza ; zaiqa ; 

chashni; idrak, saliqa, ziraki. 
Tattle, v. bakna, barbarana, gap mania. 
Tattler, s. bakki, gappi, harza-go. 
Tattling, s. bak-bak, bakwas, gap, zatal, 

harza. 

Taunt, v tana-zani k. tan mania chherna 
Taurus, s. burj-i-saur. 
Tautology, s. takrar, takarrur. [khana. 
Tavern, s. sharab- khana, kharabat, kalar- 
Tawdry, a. be-nazakat, na-latif, be-saj. 
Tawny, a. jhaunra, pila, saonla, gandum- 
Tax, s. khiraj baj, mahsul. [rang. 

Tax, v. khiraj lagana ; tuhammat lagana. 
Taxation, s. khiraj bandi, talab-i-baj. 
Tea, s. cha. 
Teach, v. sikhana, sikhlana, talim k. 

tarbiyat k. ; samjhana, bujhana. 



TEN 



156 



TES 



Teachable, a. tarbiyat^pazfr [miyan-ji. 
Teacher, s. ustad, muallim, muddaris, 
Tea-cup, s. cha-ka piyala. 
Tear, v, pharna, chirna, chak k, chithar- 

na, mask ana ; kharash k. 
Tear, s. ansii, ashk, ajijhu, ab-i-dida, 
Tease, v. satana, chirana, khijnna, tasdi 

d. diqq k. tiimna, dlmnna, jharna. 
Tedious, a. dariiz, tawil, der-rati, sust. 
Teem, v. hamila h. ; janna, paida k. ; 

bhara h. pur h. mamur h. 
Telegraph, s. ishare-se jaldi khabar pa- 

hunchanei<i alat. 
Telescope, s. dur-bin. 
Tell, v. kahna, bolna, bayan k. batana, 

khabar d. jatana ; shumar k. ginna ; 

kholna. 

Tell-tale, s. chugl-khor, gammaz, lutra. 
Temerity, s. gustakhi, be-hoshyari, be- 

tadbiri, tahauwur. 
Temper, s. mizaj, tabjyat, kho, khaslat; 

mulayimut, sabr ; itidal ; ab. 
Temper, v milana ; mutadil k. muwafiq 

k. ; narm k. ; sakht k. 
Temperance, s. itidal, parhezgari, riy azat. 
Temperate, a. mutadil ; parhezgar ; mu- 

laim, thanda 

Tempest, #. andhi, tufan, jhakkar; ashob. 
Tempestuous, a. andhiyaha, tufaui, tez- 

o-tund, shadid. 
Temple, s. |badat-gah, masji'd, mabid ; 

mandir, but-khana ; shiqiqa, kan-pati. 
Temporal, a. zamani, clunyawi, fani. 
Temporary, a. arizi, chandroza, thora 

\vaqt-ka\ [SHZI k. 

Temporize, v. talna, talmatol k. zama nil- 
Tempt, v. wargalana, targib lc. igwa k. 

hilrhana, phuslana ; azmaish k. im- 

tihan 1. [lobh ; waswas. 

Toriptiition, .s. igwa, tarpib, tatna, Inlach, 
Tc i rupt'r,;>-. targib-dene-w. igwa-kuninda, 

hil-chaii. [dah-cliand. 

Ten, a. tias, dah ; fatd, dasguna, 

>lc. a. sal)it,, mustiihkii.in. 
'ri-ri.irioua,a. sakht gir; tang-riast,tama- 

kar: laslasa, clup-<-liip:t s^kln. 

ra. khud-rae. L chip;tliat, cluuspidiigi. 
, *. sukht-gin ; Jaslaaahu^, chip- 



Tenant, s. kiraya-dar, ijara-dar, asamf. 
Tend, v. rakhwali k. nigahbanf k. ; m?iil 

h. jhukna. mutawaijili h. [murad. 
Tendency, s. mail, ruju; maqsad, nuitiab, 
Tender, a. narm, mulaim, nazuk, ntizuin; 

shaffq; dardmand; tar-o-taza. 
Tenderness,s.uarmi,mn]ayiinat,naz;ikat, 

nazuki ; narm-dili, riqqat; dardmaridi. 
Tendon, s. nas, pai, asab, patha. 
Tenesmus, s. hagas, sur. 
Tenet, s. masla, ain, qaul, tariqa. 
Ten our, s. tariq, chal, silsiia, silk, 

suluk ; mani, mazmun, fahwa. 
Tense,a. tang, kashida, tanaha. [khichao. 
Tension, s. tanahat. kashidagi, k;isao, 
Tent, s. khaima, khargah, tambu, dera. 
Tenter, s. ankri, anksi, mekh. 
Tenth, a. daswan, dasam, dahum. 
Tenth, s. dasans, daswan hissa. 
Tenuity, s. patlahat, riqqat, tunuki ; 

dublahat. 

Tepid, a. shir-garm, gunguna. 
Term, s. hadcl ; muddat,waqt ; jalsa ; bat, 

lafz, ibarat, istilah ; shart, ahd, qaul. 
Terma,gant, s. laranki, karkasa, dakini. 
Terminate, v. hadd k. ; tarntim k. ya h. 

akhir k. ya h. chukna, chukana. 
Termination, s, hadd, sar-hadd ; akhir, 

anjam, tatnami, aqibat, natija. 
Terrace, s. chhat, bam; cliaiiutara. 
Terrestrial,ci.arzi,zamini,khak),(lunyawi. 
Terrible, ") a.haulnak^ahmnakjilalishat- 
Terrific, j angez, marhub, muhib. 
Terrify, r. darana, dahshat d. takhwif k. 
Territory, s. mulk, zamin, diyar,kisliwar. 
Terror, s. dar, tars, hiras, haul, dahshat, 

wahshat, khauf, liaibat. 
Tc/tian, s. tijan, tap-i-gibb. [imtihan. 
Test, s. kasauti, niiimkk. ay;ir. si/.iuaish, 
TestaiTH-nt, s. \\asiyut-nama ; old ,tau- 

ret ; new , injil. 
Testator, s. musi. 
Tester, s. palang-ki chhatrj Bavuban. 

<, s. k'naya., khasiya, pelra, and. 
Trsliiy,r. gaw&bi iL-sliahadat k.dalnlal k. 
iwalii riama, shahadat- 

nuiiia, d;usi.. 
Testimony, s. gawahi, shahadat, dalalat. 



THI 



157 



Tim 



Tot her, s. garamvan, paga, palahang. 

Tc-trarch, s. badshah. 

Text, s. matan, asl, masdar. 

Texture, s. bimuvat, banawat, baft. 

Than, ad. se, az. 

Thank, u. shukr k. ihsaii manna. 

Thankful, a. shukr-guzar, ihsanmand, 

haqq-shiuas. [shinasi. 

Thanks, s. shukr, shukr-i-niamat, haqq- 
That, p. wuh, us, jo, jis. 
That, c. ta, ki, kyunki. 
Thatch, u. chhana, chhappar-bandi k. 
Thatch, s. ghas, clihappar. 
Thatcher, s. chhappar-band, gharami. 
Thaw, v. pighalna, galna ; pighlaua, ga- 
The, art. al ; wuh, yih, wahi. [land. 
Theatre, s. tamashagah,naqlkhaua, nach- 
Theft, s. chori, duzdi. [ghar. 

Thome, s. mansha, niasdar, asl. 
Then, ad. tab, tad, tis-waqt, us-waqt ; to, 

pas, phir. [us-waqt-se. 

Thence, ad., wahan-se, udhar-se; tab-se, 
Thenceforth, ) ad. tis-pichhe, tab-se, 
Thenceforward, ) us-waqt-se, bad us- 

ke, bad azan. [ilahi. 

Theocracy, s. hukumat-i-khoda, amal-i- 
Theology, s. ilm-i-ilahi, ilm-i-tasauwuf. 
Theorem, s. masla, masdar. 
Theory, s. qiyas, khiyal; ilm. 
There, ad. wahan, udhar, us-jagah. 
Thereabout, ad. lagbhag, anqarib, us- 

gird-men ; takhminan, qarib. 
Therefore, ad. is-waste, is-liye, tis-liye, 

us-waste, lihaza. 
Thereon, ad. tis-par, is-par. 
Thesis, s. inansha, masdar, masla. 
Thick, a. mota, gunda, bharf, kasif, 

galiz ; garha, ghana, kasir, bahut ; ba- 

ra, azim ; gudla, dhabra ; munjamid. 
Thicken, v. garha k. kasif k. ya h. galiz 

k. ya h. 

Thickec, s. jangal, jharjhur, jhari. 
Thickness, s. motaf, gundagi, gilazat, 

barai ; garhai, tangi ; gadlai, kadurat. 
Thief, s. chor, duzd, uchakka. 
Thievish, a. duzd-khoe, mail-baduzdi. 
Thigh, s. jangh, jangha, ran. 
Thimble, s. angushtana. top, topa. 



Thin, a. patla, patil, raqiq, mihfn, bank, 

nazuk, dubla ; qalil, thora, chhota. 
Thing, s. chiz, bast, shai ; kuchh. 
Thiuk, v. sochna, bujhna, qiyas k. khiyal 

k andesha k. fikr k. guman k. ; gaur k. 
Thinness, s. patlai, i-iqaqat, bariki, tuuu* 
Third, a. tisra, siyum, salis. [ki ; dublai. 
Thirst, s. piyas, tishna^i, tishna ; atash. 
Thirst, v. piyasa h. piyas lagnn, tishna h. 
Thirsty, a. piyasa, tishna, atshaUjklmshk. 
Thirteen, a. terah, sez-dah. 
Thirteenth, a. terahwan, sez-dahum. 
Thirty, a. tis, si. 

This, p. yih, yihf, in. [katara, khar. 
Thistle, s. bharbhand, bhatkat.ai, unt- 
Thither, ad. udhar, wahan. 
Thong, s. tasma, sallu. 
Thorax, s. chhata, peti, panjar. 
Thorn, s. kanta, khar sul ; kantagachh. 
Thorn-apple, s. dhatura, kanak. [kil. 
Thorny, a. katila, khar-dar; sa^.ht, mush- 
Thorough, a. kamil, pura, tamam, pakka 
Thou, p. tu, tu-ap. 
Though, c. agarchi, joki, goki, halanki, 

azbaski. 
Thought, s. soch, fikr, andesha, qiyaa, 

khiyal, guman. 
Thoughtful, a. fikrmand, andeshmand, 

andeshnak, mutafakkir, mutaammil. 
Thoughtless, a. bo-fikr, be-parwa, be- 

khabar, gafil. 
Thousand, a. hazar, alf. 
Thraldom, s. gulami, asiri, ubudiyat. 
Thrash, v. galina, mandna ; pitna, marna, 

kutna, dalmasal k. [g^ n - 

Thrashing-floor, s. kalihan, khirman- 
Thread, s. sut,rishta, resman,dori; resha. 
Thread, v. pirona, lariyana, guthna, tagna. 
Threaten, v. dhamkana, dhamki d. tah- 

did k. jhirakua. 
Tlireatening, s. dhamki, dhamkahat, tah- 

did, takhwif, zijr. 

Three, a. tin, si; fold, trigun, si-chand. 
Threshold, s. deorhi,dihli, dahliz, astana. 
Thrice, ad. tin-bar, tibura, tin-dafa. 
Thrifty, a. kam-kharch, kifayati, juz-ras, 

bachau. 
Thrill, v. sahrana, tirmirana ; sansanana. 



TID 



158 



TIT 



Thrive, u. barhna,palna, phulna,tar-o-ta- 

za h. sar-sabz h. ; taraqqi k. kamyab h. 
Throat, s. gala, gulu, halq, halqum. 
Throb, v. tisna, tis marna, tapakna, dha- 

makna; dhar-dharana, phar-pharana. 
Throne, s. takht, masnad, aurang. 
Throng, s. bhir, amboh, izdiham. 
Through, pr. se, wasile-se, marifat-se, 

sarasar, warpar, par. 
Throughout, act. sartapa, sarasar, auwal- 

se akhir tak, bil-kull. 
Throw, r. phenkna, jhokna, dalna, cha- 

lana, chhorna, girana, phenk-marna, 

uchhalna ; away, phenk d. ganwa- 

na ; down, gira d. ; open, khol d. ; 

off, utarna ; up, chhorna j qai k. 
Thrum, s. dasi, taggi. 
Thrum, v. retna, ghisna, bajana. 
Thrush, s. ek qism-ki chirja; chharu, 

tap-khala. 
Thrust, u. ghuserna, paithalna, pelna, 

thelna. chalana, dakhil k. ya h ; dha- 

kelna, dhakka d. nikalna ; bhonkna, 

hulna, khonchna. [dhakka. 

Thrust, s. hul, khoncha, bhonk, zarb, 
Thumb, s. angutha, angusht-i-nar. 
Thump, s. dhamka, dhappa, thonk,dhaul, 

chapeta. 

Thunder, s. garaj, garjan, karak, rad. 
Thunder, v. garajna, garjan k. karakna, 

gargarana; dhamkana, tahdid k. 
Tlmnder-bolt, s. bijli, gaj, chhakkf, saiqa. 
Thunderer, s. megh-raj, garajne-Avala. 
Thunderstnick, a. bijli-niara ; liairat- 

zada, ashufta. [bihphai. 

Thursday, s. juma-rat, panj-sliamba, 
Thus, ad. aisa, yon, yonlif, so, isiarali. 
Thwart, v. mukhalafat k. muzahimat k. 
Thyself, p. tu-ap, tulif, tu-khud. [ultana. 
Tiara, s. taj, kulhih, sarpech. 
Tick, s. chichri, kaik ; kit-kit. 
Tickot, s. chitthi, tip, dastak, dastawez ; 

chapras. [k. dil-siwr/. k. 

Tickle, t. salilana, gud-gudana ; kliusli 
Ti-'klisli, u, gud-gudiyi ; l)c-narr. 
Tide, x. madd-ojazr, bh^ha-joSr; flood 

,joar, znadd; elb , bhutha, ja/.r; 

SjTiny , kotal. 



Tidings, s. khabar, aklibar ; joyful , 

muzhda. 

Tidy, a. suthra, arasta, latif, nazuk. 
Tie, v. bandhna, ganthna, jakarna , band k. 
Tie, s. bandhan,ganth,girih, aqad; ihsan, 
Tiffin, s. jal-pan, nashta. [minnat, haqq. 
Tiger, s. bagh, palang. 
Tighten, v. kasna, saketna, jakarna, tang 

k. chust k. khainchna. 
Tightness, s. kasai, sakrai, tangi, chusti. 
Tile, s. khapra, nariya, chauka. 
Tiling, s. khaprail. 

Till, pr. tak, talak, tori, lag, ta, ta-ki. 
Till, v. jotna, chasna, kisht-kari k. /i- 

raat k. [raat. 

Tillage, v. jutai, halwahi, kisht-kari, zi- 
Timber, s. lakri, kath, chob, shah-tir. 
Timbrel, s. pakhawaj, tabla, mirdang. 
Time, s. waqt, zam;in, zamana, asr, roz- 

gar, daur ; mausim ; bar, dafa, gah ; 

fursat, faragat. 

Timid, a dar-pokna, tarsan, buzdil, khaif. 
Timidity, s. khauf, dar, dahshat, kam- 

jurati. [panni. 

Tin, s. qalai, rang, ranga, rasas ; foil, 
Tincture, s. rang, gun ; araq, kinriya. 
Tinge, v. rang d. rangm k. aluda k. 
Tingle, u. tan-tanana, jhan-jhanana, 

than-thanana, san-sanaua. 
Tinsel, s. jag-jaga, tash, lappa ; raunaq- 

i-surat-numa. 

Tiny, a. nannhan, chhota, kotah, khurd. 
Tipple, v. sharab pina, piyala-bazi k. 
Tippler, s. sharab-khwar, piyalabaz, mai- 

khor. 

Tire, s. saff, silsila, qatar ; araish-i-.sar. 
Tire, r. thakn;i, thakana, mandak.ya h. 

aji/. k. ya h. rauj d. [rasan. 

Tircsunn?, a. tliukau, ranj-awar, ;i/,ar- 
Tit-for-tat, ad. adlc-ka-badla, jwaz-mu- 

;i\va/,. 

Tithe, 5. das:in.=i, dahyaki, ushr, nshfr. 
Titillate, u. gud-gudana, cliul-fhulaiia. 
Tit illation, s. gud-.^iuli, sursuri. 
Title, s. kliitab, latjab, ai<|al>, iiam, wasf 

sar-nainii. s?ar-7iawisht ; haq<j, dawa. 
-L, sar- 

i-lauh. 



TOP 



159 



TRA 



Titter,u.khilkhilana,munhdabkeliansria. 
Tittle-tattle, s. bak-bak, gap-shap, guft- 

o-gu, laf-guzaf. 
To, pr. ko, ke tain, ke-pas, tak, talak, 

ta ; and fro, idhar-udhar. 
Toad, s. Wick, menduk, giik ; stool, 

chatar-mar. 

Toast, v. senkna, bhunna, biryan k. 
Tobacco, s. tambaku, tamaku, gal. 
To-day, s. aj, imroz. 
Toe, s. paon-ki unglf, angnsht-i-pa. 
Together, at?. sath,samet, eksath, baham, 

ektha. milke 
Toil, v. mihnat k. daurdhup k. dukh 

bharna, zor- mania. 
Toilsome, a. thakau, mihnat-talab. 
Token, s. nishan, alarnat, asar, ishara, 

pata; yadgari. 
Tolerable, a. sahau, bardashtani, taham- 

mul-pazir. [r. ijazat d. 

Tolerate, v. hone d. karne d. jaiz r. rawa 
Toleration, s. ijazat, jawaz, igrnaz. 
Toll, s. mahsul, baj, rahdari, ehnngi. 
Toll, v. bajana, marmi j chungi d. mah- 
sul d. [bara. 
Tomb, s. qabr, gor, turbat, mazar, maq- 
To-morrow, ad. kal, farda. 
Tomtit, s. pidri, phudki. 
Tone, s. lahja, sada, awaz, nawa, nagam ; 

zor, quwat. 

Tongs, s. dast-panah, chimta. 
Tongue, s. jibli, zaban, lisan, boll, bha- 

sha ; zaban-i-tarazu, kanta ; zabana. 
Too, ad. bhi, aur, niz; bahut, nihayat, 

ziyada. 

Tool, s. hathiyar, alat, auzar; tabidar. 
Tooth, s. dant, dandan ; dandana ; kanta, 

shakh ; chat, maza. 

Tooth-ache, s. dant-pira, dard-i-dandan. 
Tooth-brush, s. datwan, miswak. 
Tooth-pick, s. khilal, dant-khod, tinka. 
Tooth-powder, s. manjan, missi. 
Top, s. sir, sar, qulla, ras, chonti ; upar, 

rd, bahar, sath ; lattu. 
Topaz, s. zabarjad, pukliraj. 
Topic, 5. mazmuu, mauzua, muddaa, 

mansha, masdar. [uparla. 

Topmost, a. sab-se uparka, sab-se uncha, 
M 2 



Topography, s. jagahon-ka bayan, ta- 

khit-ul-bilad. 
Topsy-turvy, ad. ulat-pulat, ulta-pulta, 

tal-upar, tah-o-bala, zer-o /almi-. 
Torch, s. mashal, falita, damar. fdard. 
Torment, s. az-ib, iza, aziyat, a/,ar, ranj, 
Torment, v. azab d. azar d. dukh d. khi- 

jana. 
Torpid, a. thithra, sun, be-hiss, be-har- 

kat; sust', kkhil. rhili. 

Torpor, s. thithrahat, be-hissi ; susti, ka- 
Torrent, s. sail, sail-ab, saiyala, dhara. 
Torrid, a. bahut garni, mahruq, sozan. 
Tortoise, s. kacuhua, kachhuwa, sang- 

pusht, bakha. [kani ya kandani. 

Torture, s. uqubat, azab. shikanja ; jati- 
Toss,?;.phenkna,jhonkna,uchhalna,dalna. 
Total, a. sab, p^ra, kull, tomam, jama ; 
Total, s. jumla, majmua. [mutlaq. 

Totter, v, dal-malaua, dag-magana, lial- 

halana, larazna, dolna. 
Touch, v. chhuna, lams k. mas k. tatol- 

na; lagna,milna; hathlaganaj bajana; 

dil-awez k. 

Touchstone, s. kasanti, mihakk, mivar. 
Touchy, a. chir-chira,tunuk-mizaj, atash- 

mizaj. 

Tough, a. chimra ; sakht, mazbut ; kara. 
Tour, s. daur, sair, siyahat, gasht, safarj, 
Tow, s. pat, patua ; rope, gun, rassi. 
Tow, v. gun tanna,rassi lagak ekhainchna. 
Towards, pr. ki taraf, ki jauib, ke-pas, 

su, sue. 

Towel, s. dast-mal, anguchha, safi, rumal. 
Tower, s. minar, burj, qila, kot. 
Town, s. nagar, shahr, balda, qasba. 
Townsman, s. shahri, bashiuda; ham- 
Toy, s. khilauna, bazicha, labat. [shahri. 
Toy, v. khelna ; rao-chao k. 
Trace, v. khoj-lena. pichha 1. surag 

pagdandi 1. ; pairawi k. dar-pai Ju 

bandhna, thahrana ; taftish k. 
Trace, s. nishan, alamat, asar. 
Track, s naqsha-i-pa, nishan, lik ; rasta, 

pagdandi ; rn L ,e, gun. 
Tract, s mulk, zamm, diyar, nahiya; 

risala, nama. [mahki'im, garib. 

Tractable, a. dast-amoz, hukrn-pazir, 



TEA 



160 



THE 



Trade, s. saudagari, tijarat, sauda, len- 

den ; kar-o-bar, pesha, kasb, hirfa. 
Trade, u. saudagari k. tijarat k. len-den k. 
Trader, s. saudagar, tajir, bazui-gan, ma- 

hajan. [asar, hadis. 

Tradition, s. kahawat, bat, riwayat, naql, 
Traditionary, a. suni-sunai, sina^a-sina, 

samai, zabani [badnam k. 

Traduce, v. tuhmat lagana, buhtan kahua, 
Tragical, a. gamgin, dard-angez, haibat- 

nak, bad-bakht, 

Trail,v.ghasitna,ghisiyana,khinch-lejana. 
Train, v. sikhana, sikhlana, tarbiyat k. 

talim k. ; sadhana ; parwarish k. ; 

khainchna. 
Train, s. daman, zail, dum ; silsila, 

qatar, silk ; sawarf, pai-rikab, jaleb ; 

hila-bazi, daga-bazi. ^ 
Trait, s. zati kam, adat, dastur. 
Traitor, s. dagabaz, khain, gaddar, na- 

mak-baram, bagi, asi. [paikara. 

Trammel, s.jal, cbhiind, phand; pa-band, 
Trample, u. kuchahia,paemal k. raundna. 
Trance, s. be-kbudi, gash, sakta, wajd. 
Tranquil, a. asuda, aramida, muratfa; 

bawa-basta, tbir. 
Tranquillity, s. asudagi, aram, asaisb, 

rabat, itminan, chaiii. 
Tranquillize,t-. asiida k. aram d.takbfff k. 
Transact, v. chalana, jari k. karguzari k. 

inuamala k. kam k [ma jura. 

Transaction, s. muamala, karobar, I; am, 
Transcendent, a. afzal, iazil, faiq, mu- 

kammal, bo-na/.ir. 
Transcript, s. naql, utara. 
Transfer, v. ok jagab-se aur jagah k. 

naql k. sarkana; sompua, taslimk.; 

pabuncliaua. [sliakl. 

Tr.uisfiguration, s. tabdil-i surat, tagir-i- 
Tnuisfix, v. parwar bedlina, bhonkiia. 
'rr:iiisf(>rniali(;ji, .s. maskh, Uibihl-i-surat. 
Trans.u-fi .-s. 0, lorna, udiil k. tajawuj k. 

khata k. ; hadd-so babirjaiia Lkiiata. 
Transgression, a. udiil, tajawuj, taddi, 
Transgressor, s. mutaddi, niut:ija\vi/, 
iiiqsiru-ar. [dar, zail. 

Transient, a. ari/i, fsini, be-b:u;a, 
Transitivu verb, tf. lial-irm 



Translate, v. tarjuma k. naql k. ultba k. j 

sarkana, chalana. 
Translation, s. tarjuma, naql, ultba; 

intiqal, sarkau. [sukh. 

Transmigration, s. naql-i-makan ; tana- 
Transmit, u. bhejna, irsal k. rawana k. ; 

taslim k. 

Transparency, s. sbaffafi, safai, nirmalta. 
Transparent, a. sbaffaf, saf, nirmal. ujjal. 
Transpire, v. ur-jana ; kbol-jana, asbkara 

h. zahir b. [ropna ya garna. 

Transplant, v, ek jagah- se dusri jagab 
Transport, u. utha-lejaria, lad ya bhar 

lejana; mulk-se nikalna, jalawatan k.; 

be-kbud k. [qal ; jabaz. 

Transport, s. be-kbudi, wajd ; naql, inti- 
Transpoee, r, ula^-pulat k. pberphar k. 

qalb k. tabdil k. [jism. 

T ran substantiation, s. tabdil-i-jins ya 
Transverse,a,ara. benda,tirchba, mutariz. 
Trap,s. pband,dani,kal; ghat,kamingah. 
Trappings, s. araishen, zinaten, jhabbe. 
Trash, s. agar-bagar, gbas-pat, alae- 

balae, kurkut. [dard-men b. 

Travail, v. dard-i-zih khenchua, jauua, 
Travail, s. dard-i-zih, pira. 
Travel, .s. saf'ar, musafarut, sair, siyahat. 
Travel, v. safar k. sail- k, phirua, chalna. 
r J'ruvelU-r,05- safari,nuisanr, saiyab,rahgir. 
Travels, ,s. sal'ar; satyr-nania. 
Tray, ,v. khwau, klnvauchu, katlira, chan- 
ger, tabaq. 
Treacherous, a. khain, gaddar, be-iman, 

be-wuia, dagbiix. [be-waiVii. 

Treachery, ^. kliiyanat, gadr, dagabazi, 
Treacle, .s 1 . chota, chlioa, tiryaq, gur. 
Treat!, v. panw r. qadam r. chains ; pae-r 

nuil k. ; (labna, rabna ; dar-pai b. 
Treason, s. kliiyanat, gadr, narnak-hara- 

mi, bagawat. L\ut, tliit'.nu. 

Treasure, s. khazana, znkhira, ;anj, dan- 
Ti-easurer, s. klia/.unehi, kliaxanadar, 

t:ibwi!-dar. [bait-ul-mal. 

Ti'i'asui-y, s. khazaiia, khazina, ganjina, 
Treat, v. miuimila k. ahd-o-pairnan k. 

qaul-qarar k. ; eliahina, rabt k. ; biiyau 

k. zikr k. ; ziyal'at d. khilana; suluk 

k. j Wi-ll , iiuvvazua ; ill , jala k. 



TRI 



161 



TRtT 



Treat, s. ziyafat, mihmani, bazm. 
Treaty, s. ahd-o-paiman, qaul-qarar, 

muamila. [awaz, zir. 

Treble, a. tiguna, tihra, si-chand ; tez- 
Tree, 5. darakht, shajar, gachh, per. 
Tremble, v. kampna, larazna, tharthara- 

na, tharharua, daldalana, halhabma, 

dolna. [muhib. 

Tremendous, a. haibat-nak, haul-nak, 
Tremor, ,*. larzish, larza, zal-zala, kam- 

pahaf, thartharahat. 
Tremulous, > a. laraan, kampaha, thar- 
Trembling, ) tharaha ; tarsan. 
Trencb, s. khandaq, khai. 
Trencher, s. kathauti, kathra, khwan. 
Trepidation, s. larza,, halchal, kampahat, 

dar. [bahar jana. 

Trespass^. kbata,taqs{r,gunah; hadd-se 
Trial, 5. azmaish, imtiban, tajriba ; kosb- 

ish, sai ; tahqiq, tajwiz. 
Triviugle, s. tikona, si-gosha, musallas. 
Tribe, .s. qaum, firqa, taifa, kafa, garoh, 

zat, qabila. [gam. 

Tribulation, s. azar, iztirab. ranj, tasdfa, 
Tribunal, s. mahkama, masnad-i-insaf, 

diwan-kbana, adalat. 
Tributary, a. khiraj ya baj-guzar. 
Tribute, s. khiraj, baj, guzarisb.. 
Trice, s. lamha, lahza, dam, jhap. 
Trick, s. hila, bila-bazf, babana, makr, 

fareb, ranj, fann, gadr; adat, kho. 
Trick,'?-, thagna, fareb d. hila k.; arastak. 
Trickle, u. jhirjbirana, risna, tapakna, 
Trident, s. trisul, si-angusbt. [taqtir k. 
Triennial, a. ti-sala, si-sala, tm-barsa. 
Trier, s. azmainda, mujarrib, mumtabin ; 

hakim, qazi. 

Trifle, s. na-chiz, harza, zhazh. 
Trifle, v. khelna, tapatoi k. labat-bazi 

k. ; latifa kahna ; harza bolna ; be- 

munasib kam k. 

Trifling, a. halka, subuk ; be-huda, har- 
za, be-mani, [sallas. 
Trigonometry, s. ilm-i-paimaish-i-mu- 
Trim, v. arasta k. zeba k. bana-chuna k. 
Trimming, s. tiraz, zerdaman. gota, jhalar. 
Trinity, s. tasb's, salis-salasa. 
Trinket, s. zewai 1 , zeb, gahna ; khilona. 



Trip, v. thokar kbana, paon lagna ; efirii 
d. ; chukna, bbulna. [safar. 

Trip, s. thokar, tbes ; cbuk, sabo ; sair, 

Tripartite, a. tribhaga,si-taraf-i-mansub. 

Tripe, s. ant, antri, ojhrf, roda. 

Tripetalous, a. tripatti, si-waraqdar. 

Triphthong, s. tin harf-i-illat-ka wasl. 

Triple, a. tiguna, tihra, si-chand. 

Triple, v. tihrana, tiguna k. 

Triplication, s. tihra wat, si-chandi,tastfs. 

Tripod, s. ti pai, si-paya. 

Trite, a. qadim, mashhur, mm. 

Triturate, i?. pisna, chur k. ; ragarna. 

Trivet, s. deg-paya, deg-dan, si-paya. 

Trivial,a.halka, subuk, chhota; be-qadr, 

Triumph, s. zafar, fath, jai ; shadi. [adna. 

Triumph, v. jitna, galib h. ; shadiyana 
bajana. 

Triumphant, a. muzaffar, firoz-mand, 
fath-mancl. 

Trollop, s. phuhar, gegli, bodli. 

Troop, s. garoh, taifa, jamaat, gol; risala. 

Trooper, s. turk-sawar, bargir. 

Trophy, s. fath-ki nishan, ganimat. 

Tropic, s. of Cancer, daira-i-ras-us-sar- 
tan, khatt-i-sartan ; of Capricorn, 
daira-i-ras-ul-jadi, khatt-i-jadi. 

Trot, v. khudrana, dulki jana ya chalna. 

Trouble, s. dukh, ranj, azar, tasdia, izti- 
rab, taklif, iza, diqq. 

Trouble, v. satana, khijana, chberna, azar 
d. taklif k. diqq k. tasdia d. 

Troublesome, a. ranjawar, azar-rasan, dil 
ya jan-azar, musbkil. 

Trough, s. kathra, donga, kunda. 

Trowel, s. karni, tliapi. [war. 

Trowsers, s. pae-jama, izar, sarwal, sbal- 

Truant, s. awara larka, kuchagard. 

Truce, s. tawaqquf-i-jang, muhlat. 

Truckle, v. dabakna, sar-faro r. mutfa h. 

Trudge, v. pair ghasitna, rabar k. ahista 
chalna. 

True, a. sach, sacha, rast, yaqin, durnst, 
thik ; sadiq, wafadar. 

True-hearted, a. saf-dil, sadiq, wafadar. 

Truly, ad. sach-much, ba-rasti, fil-baqi- 
qat, waqif, yaqinan. 

Trumpet, s. turiu, slngha, nafir, qarnai. 



TUR 



162 



TWO 



Trunk, s. jarwat, peri, tana-i-darakht, 
saq; badan ; sanduq; sund, khurtum. 

Trust, s. itiqad, itibar, itimad, tawakkul, 
asra ; qarz ; zimma, hawala ; amanat, 

Trustee, s. amanat dar,amin,zimma-dar. 

Trusty, a. imandar, wafadar, diyanatdar. 

Truth, s. sach, sachai, rasti,durusti,haqi- 
qat, sidq, sadaqat, wafadarf. 

Try, v. jauchna, azmana, azmaish k. im- 
tihan k. ; koshish k. sai k. tajriba k. ; 
tajwiz k. taftish k. adalat k. 

Tube, s. phonphi, chhuehhi, nai, nae, 

Tuesday, s. mangal, si-shamba. [tonti. 

Tuft, s. guchchha, jhundi ; chonda, tur- 
ra, kalgi. [ainchna ; larna. 

Tug, v. khainchna, tanna, khasotna, 

Tuition, s. tarbiyat, talim ; parwarish. 

Tunable, v. girna, gir-parna, pachliar- 
khana; lotna, galtan k. : kalla-bazi k. 

Tumble, s. lotan, patkan, uftadag-i. 

Tumour, s, warm, ainas, phora, dumbal, 
gumra. 

Tumult, s. balwa, bakhera, halchal, khar- 
bari, danga, hangama, gul-gula, dag- 
daga, ashob. [taraunum. 

Tune, s. sarod, nagma, ahang, tarana, 

Tune, v. alapna, awaz milaua, ahang k. 
hamsaz k. [damsa/. 

Tuneful, a. khush-awaz, khush-ilhan, 

Turban, *. pagri, dastar, sarband, chira. 

Turbid, a. gadia,garha,mukaddar, aluda. 

Turbulence, s. iz-tirab, khalbali, fitna- 
;u>gezi, fasad. 

Turf, s. char, chakta, chapra, kulukh. 

Turkey, s. peru, fil-muig; Kiini. 

Turmeric, s. haldi, pitras, zard-chob. 

Turn, v. phirna, pliirana, ghumiia, ghu- 
inana, daur k. chai-kh mama ya d. ; 
rasn'f'k. tabdil k. ; badal-jana, palat- 
na ; ulatiui, ultiiiiii, sar-nigun k.; tab- 
dil-i-taraf k. ; khata hojana ; hona, ho- 
jana; mutawajjih h. nazr k. ; fikr k. 
andesha k. ; away or off, ma/ul k. a/1 
k. ; bartar;if-jana, kiiuiro liojana ; 
hurk, phir jana, pher d. ; jane n;i d. 
nialirujn k. ; over, soinjnia, tusiini 
k. ; phirausi ; from, chhorua ; out, 
uikalua ; banana. 



Turn, "^ s.pher,ghumao.gardish;pech, 
Turning, 3 girda-gird ; sair, gasht ; 

tabdil, tagir, inqilab; fursat; naubat, 

daur-i-zaraan ; surat, shakl ; mizaj, 

kho, taba, ravish ; wajh. 
Turnip, s. shalgam. [zalalat. 

Turpitude, s. badzatf, ruswaf, khabasat, 
Turret, s. kangura, minar, burj, kakh. 
TuHle, s. kachb.ua, saiig-pusht ; ghughu. 
Turtle-dove, s. ghughu, fakhta, qumri. 
Tusk, s. bara dant, khang. 
Tusked, a. dantail, khangail. 
Tutenag, s. tamchini. 
| Tutor, s. ustad, muallim, ataliq. 
| Twain, a. do, donon. [hat, tantana. 
Twang, s. harhari, tantanahat, pinpina- 
Twang, v. tankorna, tantaiiana, pinpina. 
Tweezers, s. mochna, muchina, chimta. 
Twelfth, a. barhwan, dwadasi. 
Twelve, a. barah, duwazda. 
Twelvemonth, s. barah-mas, baras, sal. 
Twenty, a. bis, bist, kori. [martaba. 
Twice, ad. dobar, dobara, do-dafa, do- 
Twig, s pallo, dali, shaklicha, karil. 
Twilight, s. (morning, ) shafaq-i-sabahi, 

fajr; (evening.} shafaq-ul-gurub, sar-i- 

sham, nima-sham. 
Twin, s. hamzad, tauam, juft. 
Twine, s. sutli, resinan ; pech, maror. 
Twine, v. baundiyana, marorna, pech 

khans, lipatna. 
Twinkle, v. timtimana, jhilmilana, jag- 

magana; palak marna,iuachkaua, mat- 

kana, jhapakna. 

Twinkle, ) s. palak, matki, jhapki,t nr- 
Twinkling, ) fat, lainhu, lahza; tim- 

timahat, jhilmilahat, lain a 
Twirl, v. phirana, ghuinna, c-harkh d. 
Twist, v. ainthna, nij.rorna, nuir:, ma- 

chorna, tab d. pech d. : maror khana. 
Twist, s. aintli, manr, pech, tab; siit. 
Twit,!;. tana yamehna ni.-irna.sui'/.ainshk. 
Twitch, v. nijohtna, khasotna, chhinna, 

ihiitakna. 

Tuitici-, r. clifnchoii k. chauchau k. 
Two, a. do, du ; by two, do-do hoke- 

and a half, arhai ; fold, do-gu- 

na, do-chuud. 



UNA 



163 



UNB 



Typo, s. nishan, alamafc, naqsha, tamsil ; 

clihape-ke harf, chhap. 
Typical, a. alamati, dall, kinayadar. 
Typography, s. chhapa-gari, chhapne-ka 

fann. [tm. 

Tyrannical, a. zalim, zalum, zulmi, sita- 
Tyrannise, v. zulm k. sitam k. zalim h. 

zabardasti k. [jaur, jafa. 

Tyranny, s. zulm, sitam, zabardasti, jabr, 
Tyrant, s. zalim, sitamgar, zabardast, 

jabir, jafakar. [shagird. 

Tyro, s. nau-amoz, nau-sikh, mubtadi, 



U. 



Ubiquity, s. haziri-naziri, haisiyat. 
Udder, s. than, khiri, levva, pistan. 
Ugliness, s. bad-surati, zisht-ruj, zishti, 

bad-shakli, qabahat. 
Ugly, a. bad-surat, zisht-ru, zisht, bad- 

shakl, karih. 

Ulcer, s. qarha, resh,nasui-, bandar-khat. 
Ultimate, a. akhir, akhiri, pasin. 
Ultimately, ad. akhir, akhirash, akhir-ul- 

amr, aqibat. 

Ultimatum, s. akhir bat, akhiri tajwiz. 
Ultramarine, a. .samundar-par-ka. 
Ultramarine, s. ek qism-ka nilarang.[gf. 
Umbrage, s. chhaya, saya ; bezari, khafa- 
Umbrageous, a. saya-dar, chhanhara, 

jhandula. [tri. 

Umbrella, s. chhata", chhati, chhatr, chha- 
Umpire, s. salis, miyan-dar, darmiyani, 

munsif. 

Unable, a. natawan, be-maqdur, na-qabil. 
Unacceptable, a. na-pasand, na-manzur, 

na-khush-ainda. [akela. 

Unaccompanied,a.be-suhbat,be-hamrah, 
Unaccomplished, a. na-kamil, na-tamam, 

na-pura hua. 
Unaccountable, a. be-hisab, aql-se bahar, 

mumtana-i-bayan. 
Unaccustomed, a. be-rabt, gair-musta- 

mal ; nau, naya. 
Unacquainted, a. na-waqif, be-khabr ; 

na ashna, na-mahrarn. 
Unadvised, a. be-salah, be-tadbir, na- 

muuasib, gustakh. 



Unaffected, a. na-sakhta, be-riya,haq{qi; 

na-takallufmizaj ; gair-inutaassir,sang. 

dil. [muawinat. 

Unaided, a. be-madad, be-yari, gair- 
Unalterable, a. na-mumkin-i-tabdil, bila- 

tagaiyur. [yakjihati. 

Unanimity, s. hamdili, ittifaq, yakdili, 
Unanimous, a. hamdil, yakdil, yakjihat, 

muttafiq, hamsaz. [radd. 

Unanswerable, a. la-jawab, la-kalam, la- 
Unappalled, a. be-bak, be-khauf, nidar. 
Unappeasable, a. na-tasfiya-pazir, be- 

marhamat, sang-dil. 
Unapproved, a. na-pasand, na-manziir. 
Unapt, a. na-tezfahm, kund, nn-qabil; 

na-laiq, na-munasib. [tha. 

Unarmed, a. be-hathyar, be-silah, nihat- 
Unascertained, a. na-malum, na-tahqiq, 

gair-maruf. [laya. 

Unasked, a. be-talab, na-khwasta, anbu- 
Unaspiring, a. be-himmat, be-hausila,be- 

hirs. [yari. 

Unassisted, a. be-madad, be-dastgirf, be- 
Unattainable,a. na-muyassar, na-yab,be- 

qabu. [rab. 

Unattempted, a. na-azmuda, na-mujar- 
Unattended, a. be-sawari, jarida, akela. 
Unauthorized, a. be-hukm, be-sanad, be- 

raza. 
Unavailing, a. be-faida, na-bakar, la- 

hasil. [radd. 

Unavoidable, a. mumtana-i-ijtinab, la- 
Unawares,aii. nagahana,nagah, yakayak. 
Unawed, a. be-bak, bc-haibat,be-takrim. 
Unbecoming, a. na shaista, na-sazawar, 

gair-rnuwafiq, na-laiq, na-zeb. 
Unbegotten, a. na-maulud, ajanit. 
Unbelief, s. be-dmi, be-fmani, kufr. [qid. 
Unbeliever, s. be-din, kafir, gair-muata- 
Unbiassed, a. be-inail, na-tarafdar, 

apachh. [ya. 

Unbidden, a. be-dawat, be-talab, anbula- 
Unblaraable, a. be-gunah, be-khata, be- 

aib, la-jurm, [dag. 

Unblemished, a. be-aib, be-ruswai, be- 
Unblest, a. na-mubarak, na-khujista, 

mahin. 
Unblown, a. na-shigufta, ua-khila. 



UNO 



164 



UND 



Unborn, a. na-paida, na-zada, anjana ; 

ainda. [fash k. 

Unbosom, v. asrar kholna, raz kahna, 
Unbought, a. na-kharida, anmoK 
Unbounded, a. be-hadd, be-nihayat. be- 

shuman [shokh. 

Unbridled, a. be-lagam, be-zabt, be-qaid, 
Unbrotherly, a. na-biradar-asa, be-bira- 

darana. [maglub. 

Unbroken, a. na-shikasta, antuta; na- 
Unburied, a. na-madfun, angara. 
Unburnt, a. na-sokhta, anjalzu 
Unbutton, v. ghundi kholna. 
Uncaught, a. na-girifta, anpakra. 
Unceremonious, a. be-takallufat, na-ta- 

kalluf-mizaj. 
Uncertain, a. na-malum, mashkuk ; gair- 

muqarrar ; muzabxib, mutaraddid. 
Unchangeable, a. be-tabdil, la-tagaiyur, 

la-zawal. 
Uncharitable, a. na-sakhijtangdastjbad- 

khwah, aib-jo, durusht 
Unchaste, a. na-pak-daman, fahish,shah- 

wat-parast. 
Uncircumspect,a. be-khabar, be-tadbir, 

gafil. [khulq, gustakh. 

Uncivil, a. be-adab, bc-maruwat, bad- | 
Uncivilized, a. be-tarbiyat, na-tarashida, 

galiz. 

Uncle, s. (paternal,) amm, ammu, cha- 
cha, chacha. kaka ; (maternal) khal, 

khalu, mamu, mama ; phupha. [da. 
Unclean, a. na-saf, n-pak, chirkin, alu- 
Uncleanness, s. na-safi, na-paki, alaish 

gunah. [safla. 

Uncleansed, a. na-saf kiya hua, na-mu- 
Unclothe, u. kapra utarnsi, nanga k. 
Unclouded, a. be-abr, saf, kushada, nu- 

rani. [jamal. 

Uncomely, a. be-nazakat, na-zarif, bc- 
Uncomfortable, a. na-khush, ua-mu\va 

fiq; bc-aram. [la, anokh. 

Uncommon, a. nadir, kamyab, ajib, nin '- 
Uncompact,a.na-paiwasta,na-ba8ta,zaif. 
Unconcerned, a. bc-punvn, bc-fikr, bc- 

garaz, na-hissa-dar, sang-dil, b< 
Unconfirmed, a, na-sabit, nu-tasdiq, bc- 

isbat. 



i Unconnected, a. na-pai\vasta, be-lagao, 

be-ilaqa, be-musharakat. [hur. 

Unconquerable, a. gair-maglub, na-maq- 

- Unconscionable, a. be-iman, bad-diya- 

nat; na-munasib. [muruwat. 

Uncourteous, a. be-adab, bad-khulq, be- 

, Uncouth,a.be-aslub,na-tarashidajbhon* 

da. [harna, nanga k. 

' Uncover, v, kholna, sarposh uthana. ug- 
I Uncreated, a. gair-makhliiq, na-afrida. 
Unction, s. malish, mas'h* 
Uncultivated, a. gair->abad, na*mazru, 

wiran ; be-tarbiyat, na-tarashida. 
Uncut, a. ankata, nfi-bunda, pura. [baz. 
Undaunted, a. be-bak, diler, dilawar, jan- 
Undecaying, a. na-zail, be-zawal, na- 

maqsur. 
Undeceive, i. kan ya ankhen kholna, 

khabar sahih d. khata rafa k. 
Undecided, a, na-muqarrar, gair-infisal. 
Undefiled, a. na-aluda, saf, pak, parsa. 
Undefinable, a. na-tashkhis-pazii-. na- 

mumkin-i-bayan. baiyan. 

Undefined, a. gair-mushakhkhas,na-Tnn. 
Undeniable, a. la-radd, gair-itiraz, na- 

qabil-i-inkar. [kam- 

Under, pr. niche, talej.zer, fai*o ; tabi ; 
Undergo, v. uthana, kinchna, sahna, 

bardasht k. khana. 
Underhand, a. chhipa, mukhff. 
Underhand, ad. chhipa-chhipi, dar-par- 

da, niliani'. 

Underling, s. zerdast, karguzar, kamera. 
Undermine, v. suranp: dauranji ya juariui, 

sendh niarna, naqab k. ; chhipa-chhipi 

dusliiinui li. jiir-katna. 
Undermost, a. sab-se nicha, zer-tar. 
Underneath, a. niche, taU>, /or, dar-zer. 
Underpart, s. tala, nichi taraf, ru-i-/.or. 
Underrate,u. kam qimat thahrana,chliota 

ya haqir janna. 
Understand, v. samajhna,daryaft k. bujh- 

iia, jainia, malum k. 
C mid-standing, .. daryaffc, samajh, bujh, 

aql, fjilini, idi-ak.. 
Undertake, v. uthana, hath lagana, bhar 

1. ]>;ion dalna, mubasliarat k. azinuit 

r. shuru k. ; (jabul k. qaul-o-qarar k. 



UNE 



165 



UNF 



Undertaking, 5. mubasharat, sai, qasd, 

a/iniat ; kam, kar, muamila, araal. 
Undervalue, v. kam-qimatya kam-qadar 

janna. hiqarat r. chhot;i ya halka janna. 
Underwood, s. jhar, jhari. 
Underwriter, s. bima-wala. [insaf. 

Undeserved, a. gair-wajib, na-haqq, be- 
Undeserving, a. na-laiq, na-sazawar, na- 

mustabiqq. [bhola. 

Undesigning, a. be-riya, be-garaz, sadiq, 
Undesired, a. na-khwasta, na-matlub, 

an-chaha. 
Undestroyed, a. na-makhrub, na barbad- 

diya, be-zawal. 
Undetermined, a. n a- muqarrar, gair- 

muaiyan ; mutaraddid, do-dila. 
Undigested, a. gair-munhazm, na-guwa- 

rida ; na-murattab, be-intizam. 
Undiminished, a. na-kasta, gair-maqsur, 

aiii^liata, piira. [na-daryafta. 

Undiscerned, a. an-dekha; na-malum, 
Undiscerning, a. be-basirat, be-tamiz, 

be-taammul. 
Undisciplined, a. be-zabt, na-muallim ; 

be-qawaid, nn-jang-azmuda. 
Undiscovered, a. an-dekha, na-malum, 

gair-makshuf. 

Undisguised, a. be-libas, be-parda, be- 
riya, saf, kliula, bhola, sidha. [asuda. 
Undisturbed, a. be-harakat, n&-muztarib, 
Undivided, a. gair-maqsum, be-taqsfm. 
Undo, v. an-kiya k.,kharab k. bigarna; 

kholna. [kharab tabah. 

Undone, a. ankiya, na-sakl)ta,nB-tamam; 
Undoubted, a. be-sliubha, muqarrar, ya- 
l"iidi-ess, v. papra utarna. [q 111 - 

Undulate, v. lahraua, hilkorna, hilorna, 

mauj-zan h. [zani, tamauwuj. 

Undulation, s. lahrahat, hilkor, mauj- 
Un dutiful, a. na-inutia, na-farman-bar- 

dar, sarkash. [ranj. 

Uneasiness, s. be-aramf, iztirab, azar, 
Uneasy, a. be-aram, muztarib, be-chain, 

j-anjida. [muattal. 

Unemployed, a. be-Hr, na-mashgul, 
Unenlightened, a. gair-munauwar, be- 

tarbiyat, jahil, na-dan. 
Unenviedja. ua-mahsudjna-rashk-angez. 



Unequal, a. na-hamwar, na-barabar ; n5* 

laiq, gair-muwafiq, na-qabil. 
Unequivocal, a. na-maslikiik, saf, zahir. 
Unerring, a. achuk, be-khata, nishan 

andaz ; muqarrar, yaqin. [n;i-lazim. 
Unessential, a. na-zarur, gair-muhimm, 
Uneven, a. na-barabar, na-hain\var, un 

cha-nicha ; be-ain, khilaf-i-dastur. 
Unexampled, a. be-misal, la-'sani, ajib. 
Unexceptionable, a. na-qabil-i-istisna, 

be-khata, be-gunah. [tawaqqi. 

Unexpected, a. nagahan, ekaek, na-rnu- 
Unexpectedly, ad. nagah, yakayak, bila- 

ummed. [na-malum. 

Unexplored, a. na-azmuda, na-mujarrab, 
Unextinguished, a. na-muntafi, anbujha- 

ya. [abadi. 

Unfading,a. na-zail,bc-zawal, na-afsurda, 
Unfair, a. na-rast, be-iman, hilabaz. 
Unfaithful, a. be-wafa, bad-ahd, bad- 

qaul ; na-pak-daman. [achalan. 

Unfashionable a. nfi-rawaj, be-dastur, 
Unfathomable, a. atha, athah, bc-tah, 

amiq. [mihrban. 

Unfavourable, a. na-muwafiq, khilaf ; na- 
Unfeathered, a. be-par-o-bal. 
Unfeeling, a. be-dard, be-rahm, sang-dil. 
Unfeigned, a. be-riya, sadiq, haqiqi, na- 

sakhta. [malum. 

Unfelt, a. gair-mahsus, na-daryafta, na- 
Unfettered,a.be-zanjfr, khalas; be-qaid. 
Unfinished, a. na-tamam, ua-kamil. 
Unfit, a. na-muwafiq, na-munasib, na- 

laiq, na-shaista, na-qabil. [addid. 

Unfixed, a. be-qarar, na-paedar, mutar- 
Unfledged, a. be-par-o-bal, geda. 
Unfold, v. kholna, farsh k. zahir k. ash- 

kara k. batana, samjliana. [malum. 
Unforeseen, a. na-peshdida, na-dida, na- 
Unforgiving, a na-bakhshinda, be-rahm, 

be-shafaqat. 

Unformed,a.anbana,na-sakhta,be-shakl. 
Unfortified, a. be-sadd-o-burj, be-hissar, 

be-panah. 
Unfortunate, a. bad-bakht, bad-nasib, 

kam-bakht, be-daulat. 
Unfounded, a. be-isbat, be-thikana, ba- 

til, behuda. 



UNI 



168 



UNL 



Unfriendly, a. na-mihrban, na-ashnami- 

zaj, be-dosti. 
Unfruitful, a. aphal, aphalaban, na-baro- 

mand, be-samar, be-faida. 
Unfurl, v. kholna, udherna, pasarna. 
Unfurnished, a. be-asbab, be-saz, na- 

arasta. 

Ungarnished,a.be-araish,be-zeb-o-zinat. 
Ungenerous, a. bad-andesh, bad-khwah, 

be-faiz, tang-chashm. 
Ungenteel,a. na-khush-akhlaq, be-admi- 

yat, na-zarif, na-sliaista. [kholna. 
Ungird, v. kamar kholna, kamarband 
Ungodliness, s. na-khuda-tarsi, be-dini, 

ilhad. hid. 

Ungodly, a. na-khuda-tars, be-din, mul- 
Ungovernable, a. sarkash, munhzor, na- 

hukm-pazir. 
Ungrateful, a. na-shukr-guzar, na-sipas, 

kafir-i-niarnat, nimak-haram. 
Ungrounded, a. be isbat, batil, behucla. 
Unguarded, a. be-lihaz, gafil, be-tamiz, 

be-khabar. [dhab. 

Unhandy, a. na-maqul, na-muwafiq, be- 
Unhappy, a. na-khush, na-shad, dil-tang, 

dukhi. [mariz, bimar. 

Unhealthy', a. be-aram, na-tandurust, 
Unheard, a. an-suua, na-shanida, gair- 

niasrmi; be-dastiir, be-ai'n. 
Unholy, a. na-pak, na-muqaddas, haram. 
Unhorse, r. ghore-se girana ya gira d. 
Unhospitable, a. see Inhospitable. [kash. 
I "nhiimbled, a. na-farotan, mafrur, sai 1 - 
Unhurt, a. be-chot,be-zakhm, be-sadma, 

be-nuqsan. 

Unicorn, .s. gairida; ek qism-ka, janwar. 
Uniform, n. cksan, yaksan, barab;ir, ck- 

claul, yak-rang, hamwiir ; haniahang. 
Uniform, s. baua, sipahi ka poshak. 
I'jiifonnity, s. eksani, ekrangi, burabarf, 

mel, muwafaqat. [ bai- ; lianicsha. 
t'niforrnly, ad. melso, eksani-se, bara- 
Unimaginable, a. be-qiyas, ua-mutasau- 

\var. [na-xaif. 

Tii impaired, a.be-kam-o-kast, be-zawal, 
Uninformed, a. na-wiujit', be khabar, na- 

d;in, na-inualhuii. 
UniuhabiLi'd, a. nu-abad, gair-mamur. 



Uninspired, a. na-mulham. [nadan. 
Uninstructed, a. na-muallam, be-talim, 
Unintelligible,a.be-samajh,na-daryafta, 

na-qabil-i-fahm, behiida. [hissa-dar. 
Uninterested, a. be-garaz, be-alaqa, na- 
Uninterrupted, a. na-maqtu, bila-fasila, 

bila-naga, daimi. [laya. 

Uninvited, a. be-dawat, be-talab anbu- 
Uiiinviting, a. na-pasand, na-khush, na- 

maqbul. 
Union, s. ittihad, ittifaq, yaganagi, pai- 

wastagi, mel, jor, jog. 
Unison, s. ham-awaz, ham-saz, ek-sur. 
Unit, s. ek, ekka, ekan, wahid. 
Unite, v. milana, jorna, satana, lagana, 

wasl k. paiwasta k. muttafiq k. ; rail- 

na, ek h. satna, lagna. 
United, a. muttahid, muttafiq, ek-dil, 

mila-jula, paiwasta. 

Unitedly, ad. niilke, ek-dili-se, ba-ittifaq. 
Unity, s. ekai, yaktai, yaganagat, ahdi- 

yat, tauhid, wahdat. 
Universal, a amun, kulli, mutlaq, jami 
Universality, s. uinumiyat,kulliyat, jum- 

lagi, hamagi. [o-ju/,\vi. 

Universally, ad. bil-kul, bil-jumla, kulli- 
Universe, s. dunya, jahan, alum, kiialq- 
University, s. madrasa azim. [ullah. 
Unjust, a. na-haqq, be-dad, be-insaf, 

gair-wajib ; zalim, jafa-kar. 
Unjustifiable, a. na-qabil-i-muaf, irair- 

niunikin-ul-ibra. i ahm. 

Unkind, a. na-mihrban, be-shnfaqat. br- 
Unkindness,s.na-inilirbani,bo-shaf'a(iati. 
Unknowingly, ad. m-danista, anj;uu>. 
Unknown, a. na-malum, na-maruf, anja- 

na, be-gana. 

Unlade, v. a. bojh utarna ya nikalna. 
Unlawful, a. khilaf-i-shara, lui-liuqq, na- 

rawa, nii-jniz. haram. 
Unlearned, a. na-khwaiula, jahil, ansikh. 
I'nlcss, ad. agar-na, \vayar-na, inagar, 

bagair, ilia. 

Unlettered, a. na-klianda, jahil. [hukm. 
I'liliconsed, a. be ij:i/.at,bt' ]>ar\vana. in-- 
I'ulikc, <i, na-nui\v;ifi(|. na-yaksan. irair- 

mushnbih, mukhtalif. [gklib. 

Unlikely, a. gair inaqul, be-ihtitual, ua- 



UNO 



167 



UNQ 



Unlimited, a. be-hadd, na-mahdud, be- 

11 ill ay at. 

Unload, u. bojh utarna ya nikalna. 
Unlooked-for, a. nagahan, yakayak, bila- 

ummed. [ban. 

Unlovely, a. na-aziz,na-pasand, na-mihr- 
Uiilucky, a. kam-bakht, bad-bakht, bad- 

nasib. 

Unman, v. namard k. be-dil k. dilgir k. 
Unmanageable, a, be-lagam, sarkash, be- 

zabt. [dil. 

Unmanly, a. na-mardana, na-mard, be- 
Unmannerly, a. be-adab, bad-khulq. 
Unmarried, a. an-byaha, be-nikah, mu- 

jarrad. [zahir k. 

Unmask, v. bhes badalna, burqa utarna, 
Unmeaning, a. be-mani, behuclu. 
Unmeasurable, a. ") be-andaza, be-liadd, 
Unmeasured, a. ) be-nihayat, be- 

shumar, be-hisab. 
Unmerciful, a. be-rahm, be-shafaqat, be- 

dard, sang-dil. 

Unmerited, a. na-laiq, na-saza,gair-wajib. 
Unmindful, a. be-khabar, be-lihaz, gafil. 
Unmingled, a. ^ na-ameklita, be-ame- 
Unmixed, a. ) zish, anmel, saf, sirf. 
Unmolested, a. gair-muztarab, be-kha- 

lish, achhir. 

Unmoor, v. langar uthana, jahaz kholna. 
Unmortgaged, a. na-marhun, gair-mur- 
Unmoveable,a. see Immoveable. [tahan. 
Unmoved, a. paedar, qaim ; bai'qarar, 

sabit-qadam ; na-khashmnak ; be sha- 

faqat, be-rahm. 
Unnatural, a. khilaf-i-tabiat, khilaf-i- 

zat ; shadid, sharir. 
Unnecessary, a. la-zarur, na-lazim, gair- 

muhimm. 

Unnerve, v. zaif k. kamzor k. ; dilgir k. 
Unnumbered, a. angina, be-shumar, be- 
hisab. 

Unobeyed, a. na-muta, na-manna-hua, 
Unobservable, a. an-dekhau, na-didani. 
Unobserved, a an-dekha,na-dida,chliipa. 
Unobtainable,a.na-yaftani,na-inuyassar, 

na-Lasil-shudani. 
Unoccupied, a. gair-mutasarraf, na-maq- 

biiz j na-inashgul, muattal. 



Unoffending, a. be-gunah, bc-khata, na- 

mu/.irr. 

Unopened, a. ankhula, na-kushada,band. 
Unoperative, a. na-kargar, na-karsaz, 

gair-muassir. [azad. 

Unopposed, a. be-muzahimnt, bc-k]iil;if, 
Unorthodox, a. na-mutadaiyiii.gair-r;'isli- 
Unpack, v. gattha ya basta kholna. [id. 
Unpaid, a. acla nahin hua, anpata. 
Unpalatable, a. be-maza, bad-maza ; na- 

pasand. 
Unpardonable, a. gair -wajib-ul-afu, 

bakhshne-ke laiq nahin. [na-ma/ur. 
Unpardoned, a. gair-inuaf, na-inagfur. 
Unperceived,a. andekha,na-dida,chhipa ; 

na-daryafta. 

Unperformed, a. ankiya, na-pardakhta. 
Unphilosophical, a. khilaf-i-hikmat. 
Unpitying, a. be-rahm, be-shafaqat. 
Unpleasant, a. \ na-kliush, nsi-pasand, 
Unpleasing, a. J na-dilpazir, na-khush- 

aqand, gair-latif. [kash. 

Unpliant, a. be-lachak, kara, sakht, sar- 
Unploughed, a. anjota, anchasa. [rashida. 
Unpolished, a. be-jila, be-saiqal ; na-ta- 
Unpolite, a. bad-akhlaq, be-adab, na- 

zarif. [amm. 

Unpopular, a. na-hardilaziz, be-itibar-i- 
Unpractised, a. na-azmuda-kar, na-dida; 

na-maniul. [be-rnamiil. 

Unprecedented,a.be-namuna,be-tamsil, 
Unprejudiced, a. gair-mutassib, na-jf'mib- 

dar. [fikr. 

Unpremeditated, a. be-peshbandi, be- 
Unprepared, a.na-tayar, iia-arasta; gair- 

mustajdd, na-kamar-basta. [khaslat. 
Unprincipled, a. bad-x.at, bad-niyat, bad- 
Unprofitable, a. be-faida, be-nafa, gair- 

mufid, la-hasil. [bad-bakht. 

Unpropitious, a. gair-musad, na-musaid, 
Unprotected, a. be-himayat, na-maht'iiz ; 

be-panah, be-saya. 
Unprovoked, a. be-chher, be-insaf. 
Unpublished, a. na-mashhur, iia-zahir ; 

na-chhapa gay a.. 

Unpunished, a. be-saza, na-muazzab. 
Unqualified, a. na-mu\vaiiq, na-laiq, na- 

qabil. 



TINS 



168 



UNS 



Unquenchable, a. mumtana-ul-itfa, na- 

bujhan-har. 

Unquestionable,*!, bila-itiraz, be-shubha, 

muqarrar. [hall k. 

Unravel, v. suljhana, kholna, udherna, 

Unread, a. na-khwanda, be-talim, an- 

praha. [bej* > be-itidal. 

Unreasonable, a. na-maqul, gair-wajib, 
Unreceived, a. na-yafta ; na-qabul, na- 

pazir-rafta. 

Unrecompensed, a. see Unrewarded. 
Unreconciled, a. na-milaya-gaya, be-fcas- 

fiya, na-ham dil. [muftadi. 

Unredeemed, a.an-bachaya, be-fida,gair- 
Unreflecting, a. be-lihaz, be-tadbir, gafil. 
Unregarded, a. na-mana-hua, be-itibar ; 

na-dida, andekha. [sang-dil. 

Unrelenting, a. be-shafaqat, be-rahm, 
Unrepenting, a. bepashimani, na-tauba- 

kar, gair->-mutassif'. 
Unreproached, a. na-mazmun, be-mala- 

mat, be-dushnam. 
Unreserved, <L. be-riya, saf-dil, kushada- 

khatir; uabz-rakha. [wamat. 

Unresisting, a. be-muzahimat, be-muqa- 
Unresolved, a. na-mubaiyan; mutarad- 

did, be-qasd. [qaid. 

Unrestrained, a, be-lagam, be-zabt, be- 
Unrevealed,a.na-makshuf,gair-manshur, 

na-ashkara. 

Unrevoked.a.gair-mansukh,na-mardud. 
Unrewarded, a. be-ajr, be-muzd, be-jaza, 

be-saza. 

Unriddle, v. kholna, hall k. samjhnna. 
Unrighteous, a. na-rast, gair-salih, be- 

nekokari. [gunah-kari. 

Unrighteooaaeu, s. bad-kari, na-rasti, 
I"iirij)e, a. na-puklitn, kacliclu'i, kham. 
Unrivalled,a. be-nazir,be-misal,yagana; 

be-raqib. 

Unroll, v. udhorna, kliolna. 
Unruffled, a. be-i/.tii-ib, sakin; sunsan. 
Unruly, a. be-lagjini, bc-z:ibt, sarkash. 
Unsafe, a. na-amin, be-salamat, kliatai-- 

nak. [tahhar, Tia-jtnk. 

Unsanctified, a. nsi-niui|al(las, L'air-irui- 
UnsatisOed, a. na-razi, ua-asuda khatir, 

na-khatir-jania. 



Unsatiable, a. see Insatiable, [pazfra. 
Unsatisfactory, a. na-saz, na-sawad, na- 
Unsavoury, a. be-maza, be-lazzat. 
Unsay, v. bat pherna ya ultana. 
Unsealed, a. be-rauhr, khula. [se bahar. 
Unsearchable, a. taftfsh-se bahir,tahqiq- 
Unseasonable, a. be-waqt, be-gah, be-ja, 

na-laiq. [rnaqul. 

Unseemlyj a. na-shaista na-saza, na- 
Unseen, a. andekha, na-dida, gaib. 
Unserviceable, a. na-bakar, na-mufid, 

na-kara, na-kam. 
Unsettled, a. be-qarar, na-sabit; na- 

muqarrar, gair-muaiyan. 
Unsevered, a, gair-munqati, paiwasta. 
Unshaken, a. andola, be-jurabish ; gair- 

muztarib. [se nikalna. 

Unsheath, v . gilaf-se khainchna, miyan- 
Unsheltered, a. be-panjih, be-saya, be- 

himayat. 

Unshod, a. nange-panw, be-nal. [shi'da. 
Unshorn a. ankatra, an munda, na-tara- 
Unsightly,a.bad-numa,bad-sfirat,karih. 
Unskilful, "i a. na-waqif,na-kar-azmuda, 
Unskilled, ) na-shinas, be-hunr, be-aql, 

na-rasa. [nishin. 

Unsociable, a. na-ashna-mizaj, khalwat- 
Unsold, a. na-farokhta, an-bika. 
Unsoldier-like, a. na-jawan-mard, na- 

sipah-ana. 

Unsolicited, a. na-darkhwasta, be-istida. 
Unsolicitous, a. be-par\va, be-undoslia. 
Unsophisticated, a. be-amezish, klu-ilis?; 

be-riya. [khwasta. 

Unsought, a. an-khoja, an-manga, na- 
Unsown. a. :ui-l>oa, irair-ma/ru.i. ! raijn'r. 
Unspeakable 1 , a. na-gnltani, na-qal>il-i- 
Unspent, a. na-masruf, na-mabzul ; na- 

inanda 

Unspotted, a. be-dag, be-aib, pak. 
I'lisiMldc, ^ a. be qarar, na-paedar, be- 
Unsteady, S qiyaTn,na-s:ibit,,chanrhal. 
Unstring, v. kholiia, utarna, bo-tar k. 
I'lisulidiii-d, a,. HH mnglub. na-maqhur. 
Unsubstaniial, . bo-wnjud ; fani. 
Unsuccessful, a. na-kamyab, be-maqsad, 

na-mura'l. [nmnasib. 

Unsuitable, a. na-muwafiq, na-laiq, na- 



UNW 



URQ 



Unsupported, a. ba-umud ; be-madadga- 

ri, be-yarf. 

Unsusceptible, a. na-pazir, na-?qabil. 
Unsuspected, a. na-maznun, gair-muh- 

tamal. [be-?shakk. 

Unsuspecting, a. be-guman,be-maz;um;i, 
Untamed, a. na-ram, surkasli, wnhshi. 
Untasted, a. anchakha, na-chashida. 
U in aught, a. na-muulluin, be-talirn, na- 

khwanda, 

Unterrified, a. be-bak, be-parwa, nidar. 
Unthankful, a. na-shukr,na-haqq-shinas, 

na-sipas. 

Unthinking, a. be*fikr, be-andesha, gafil. 
Unthought of,a,na-andeshi'da,ua-gahani. 
Untie, v. kholna, aqd kholna ya hall k. 
Until, ad. jabtak, jablag, ta, hatta, 
Untimely, a. be-waqt, be-zaman. 
Unto, pr. ko, ke-tain. 
Untold, a. ankaha, anbola ; be-shumar. 
Untouched, a. anchhua, naTraamsus ; be- 

shafaqat, sang-dil. 
Untoward, a. ziddi, sarkash, magra ; mu- 

zahim, mukhalif. [kash. 

Untractable, a. be-zabt, be-lagam, sar- 
Untried, a narazmuda, g-;iir-imijarrab. 
Untroubled, a. be r iztirab, na-ranjida, 

asuda-rhal. 

Untrue, a. na-rast, jhutha ; be.wafa. 
Untruth, s na r rasti, jhuth. 
Untutored, a. na-muallam, be-talim. 
Untwist, ^ v. udherna, suljharia, pech 
Untwine, ) kholna, hall k. 
Unusual, be-qaida, be-dastur, be-riwaj, 

gair-mamul. [taqrir. 

Unutterable, a. na-guftani, na-qabil-i- 
Unvanquished, a. na-rnaglub, ajit. 
Unvaried, a. be-tabdil, be-tagaiyur, gair- 

mntalauwin. 

Unveil, v. be-hijab k. be-parda k. zahir k. 
Unviolated, a. na-mazlum ; na-mansukh, 

antuta. 

Unwarily, ad. be-khabari-se, gafilan. 
Unwarrantable, a. na-qabil-i-muaf,mum- 

tauna-ul-ibra. [wajib. 

Unwarranted, a. be-ijazat, be-sanad, gair- 
IJnwary, a. berihtiyat, be-khabar, gatil. 
Unwashed, a. andhoa, ua-shusta, na-saf. 



Unwearied, a. nn-manda, athak. 
Unwelcome, a. nii-khush-nyand, na-pi^r 

sand, na-maqbul, iia-kkush. [mar. 
Unwell, a. na-saz, sust, manda, alii, bi- 
Unwholesome, a. nargawara, na-khush- 

guwar, na-muwatiq. [aclial. 

Unwieldy, a. bhari, giran, wazni, azim, 
Unwilling, a. na-razi, narkhush, be-dil, 

be-.irada. 

Unwise, a. ntUdan, be-aql, be-waquf. 
Unworthy, a. na-saza, na-shaista, na- 

laiq, be-qadr. [gi. 

Unwoi-thily, ad. be-isazawari, be-rshaista- 
Unwritten, a. anlikha, na-navishta. 
Up, pr. upar, par, bala ; khara, utha, jaga, 
Up and down, nicha-uncha, jahan-tahan. 
Up to, tak, talak, la.i?, ko, ta, hatta, bhar. 
Upbraid, v. sarzauish k. malamat k. meh- 

na mania. [sambhalna. 

Uphold, v. uthana, thambhna, dharna, 
Upholder,s.unida,rukn,pusht,madadgar. 
Upholsterer, s. asbab-bechnewala. 
Upland, a. unchi-zamin, pahay. 
Uplift, r. uthana, charhana, uncha k. 
Upon, pr. upar, par, upare, bala. 
Upper, a. uparla, balatar, bartar, ala. 
Uppermost, a. sab-se uncha, bahi-tarin. 
UprightjCt. kaara,sidha, rast, salih,s;idiq, 

nek. [sadaqat. 

Uprightness,s. kharai, sidhai, rasti,salah, 
Uproar, 5. hank pukar, dhum-dham, gul- 

gapara, gauga, hangama. 
Upset, v. ultana ya ulatna, zer zabar k. 
Upshot, s. anjam, natija. [ya h. 

Upside, a. upar-ki taraf, bala. 
Upside down, ad. ultapulta, tale-upar, 

zer-zabar, tah-o-bala, sarnigun. 
Upstart, s. nau-daulat, kal-ka admi, nau- 

barhi. 

Upwards, ad. upar, bala, faraz; ziyada. 
Urbanity, s. muruwat, khush-akblaqi, 

zarafat. 
Urge, v. taqaza k. takid k. ibram k. 

ba-jidd h. ; hankna ; chalana; lalchana, 

targib d. 

Urgency, s. taqaza, zururat, sakhti, tangi. 
Urgent, a. inutaqazi, zurur, lazini, ruu- 

himm. 



VAG 



170 



VAR 



Urine, s. peshab, baul, shash, mut. 
Urn, s. surahi, abrez, dalo; guldan, sa- 

todan. 
Usage, s. suluk, harakat; chal, chalan, 

ravish, 1'awaj, rasm, ain, dastur. 
Use, s. tajriba; amal, kam ; istimal: adat, 

ain, ravish ; tasarruf, tamattu ; faida, 

nafa, darkar. 
Use, v. kam-men lana, chalana, bartna ; 

suluk k. ; istiamal k. marnul k. 
Useful, a. kamka, bakar, faida-mand, 

rnufid, nafi. [naqis. 

Useless, a. na-bakar, na-kara, be-faida, 
Usher, s. ustad, khalifa; arzbegi. 
Usher, v. mulazimat ya mulaqat karana, 

darmiyan lana. 

Usual, a. chalan i,mamuli, murauwaj, raij. 
Usually, ad. aksar, beshtar, muwafiq-i- 
Usurer, s. byaj-khor, sud-khor. [dastur. 
Usurp, v. chhin-lena, zabrrdasti-se ya 

na haqq tasarruf-men lena. 
Usurpation, s. na-haqq tasarruf, taddi, 

gasb, zabai'dasti. 

Usurper, s. dast-daraz, zabardast, gasib. 
Usury, s. byaj, sud-khori. [kam. 

Utility, s. faida, manfat, nafa intifa, sud, 
Utmost, a. nihayat, gayat, aqsa, bhar- 
Uttei-, a. nihayat, tamam, akhir.[maqdur. 
Utter, v. talaflfuz k. kahna, bolua; bech- 

na ; jari k. ; zahir k. 
Utterance, s. talaffuz, lab-o-lahja, guftar. 
iv, ad. sarasar, bil-kull, mutlaq, 

karnilana, nihayat. [intiha. 

Uttermost, a. nkhir, aqsa, niliayat; s. 
Uxorious, a. zan-murid, zan-parast. 



V. 



Vacancy, s. khulu, khaln ; faragat, fur- 
sat; gallat, ilinial, inajhuli, bc-likri. 
Vacant, a. khali, tilii, muattal; be-klia- 

bar, galil. 

Vacate, v. khali k.; chliorn:!, lu'itli utliana. 

ii:\L-:i, i;itil, /.:uiinii-i-t';ir;iL, r at. 

Vacuity, s. ^ khulu, khhla, khali jngali. 

. ) jauf. [kuci 

'ml, >\ :,wara.aul)asli,riii(l ; saiyar, 
y, .s. lahar, inauj, khiyai, vvahm. 



Vague,a. na-muqarrar, gair-muaiyan,be- 

qarar. 
Vain, a. be-faida, batil, be-mani, behiida, 

abas; lafzan, khud-farosh, khud-bin, 

khud-rae. 
j Vainglorious, a. lafzan, kallazan, shekhi- 

baz; khud-numa. 
Vainly,ad.be-faida, abas, be-mani ; lafza- 

ni-se, ba-khud-faroshi. 
Valerian, s. billi-lotan, bilai-kand. 
Valetudinarian, s. alii, shikasta-mizaj, 

zaif-ul-bunyad. 

Valiant, a. diler, dilawar, bahadur, shuja. 
Valid, a. mustahkam, mazbut, durust, 

sahih, jaiz. [buti. 

Validity, s. durusti, sihhat, yaqini, maz- 
Valley, s. wadi, darra, nichan. [jaat. 
Valour, s. dileri, dilwari, bahadun, shu- 
Valuable, a. besh-qimat, qimati, giran- 

baha ; aziz. [tashkhis. 

Valuation, s. taaiyun-i-qimafc, takhmina, 
Value, s. qimat, baha, mol, qadar. 
Value, v. mol thahraua, qimat taaiyun 

k. ankna ; aziz janna, itibar k. 
Valve, s. kewar, pat; sarposh. [posiini. 
Van, s. harawal, muhra, pesh-i-lashkar ; 
Vane, s. bad-numa, pharahra, dhajja. 
Vanish, v. kafur h. gaib h. jata-rahna, 

ur-jana. 
Vanity, s. be-hudagi, butlan, subuki, 

hawa-parasti ; khud-faro.shi, laf-gnzaf, 

sliaikhi. 
Vanquish, u. fatah k. shikast d. magliib 

k. torna, jitna. 

Yanqnishedja mairlul),niaqhur, maf'tuh. 
Vapid, a. be-iua/.a, jtluka, sitha, b- 
\':ij)oui-, s. bapli. bukliar, l)aj)h;ira. gubar. 
Variabli', a. muiaaiyir, iiiutalainviii, 

be-qai'jir, na-pamiai. 

VariaiicCjS. ikhtilat', iiiuiia/.aat. mukliala- 
\'aria;ion, i, tabdil, tagaiyur, talnvil ; 

tasrif. [btKja-laiiiuii. 



Yari.-i y.s.;r. :i.Larali-ba-tarah, 

raqam-raqam. 

i-, ". iniiiafarriq, mukhtalif, juda- 
ju'Ui, gunagun, ranu-u-ruiiij; ; I 
mi p,i 



VEN 



171 



VER 



\irnish, .<? Ink, raugan. 
''arnish.u. Ink eharhana. raugan d. chik- 

n;ina ; rangm k. takhfif k. 
'ary. /. badal cl. taluhl k. iagaivur k. 

rang-a-rang k. ya li. mukhtalii'h. ba- 
dal jana, tafawat h. 
Tase, s, zarf, guldan, abroz. 
'assal. f. raaiyat. tabular, asami. 
'assalage, ;>\ raaivati, rubjd:iri, grulami. 
Vast, a-, bara, azim, wasi ; bhari; balmt, 

nihayat. 

Vastly, ad. nihayat, gay at, ziyada. 
'at, ,--. hauz, chahbacha. 
Vault, s. gumbaz, qubba ; tahkhana, 

bhaunra : maqbara; kud, phand. 
Vault, r. kudna, phandna. [khi k. 

Vaunt, v. laf marna, laf-o-gnzaf k. she- 
Vaunr, s. laf-x.aiii, laf-c-guzaf, shekhi. 
Veer, ,. pliirna, ghumiia, gird k. 
Vegetable, s. nabat, rustaui j baqla, sab- 

zi, tarkari bhaji. [o nama k. 

Vegetate, v. barhna, ugna, jamiia, naslio 

'cLretation, s. iiashc-c-nama, nabat, rof- 

dagi, balidgf. [tundi, hararat. 

Vehemence 3 s.shiddat,hiddat,sakhti,tezi. 
Vehenient,ashadidjSakht,tc7,tnnd,garm. 

ehicle, s.gari, sawari, markab.[baliana. 
r eil, 5. niqab, hijab, miqna, burqa; libas, 
Veil, v. liijab k. tanaqqab k. burqa dalna, 

cliliipaiui, dhamphua. 
r ein, s. rag, nas ; khatt, lakfr ; panja, 

sania : kho, tabiat, mashrab, mizaj. 

elocity,s. tez-ravi,bad-pae. 7udf,cbnsti. 
Velvet, s. makhmal. [sukhan-farosh. 
renal, a. farokhtam ; zardost, zarparast, 
Vend, u. beclnia, bikrik. baia k. ishtira li. 
\\ -mler, s. bechwaiya, bechne-wala, fa- 

roshinda; (in comp.J farosh. 
Venerable, a. muazzaz, muhtarim, mu- 

karram, buzurg, muhib. 
Venerate, v. manna, tazim k. ihtiram k. 
reneration, s. ihtiram, ikram, takrim, 

taxim. [bat. 

: cncry, s. jima, mubasharat, wati, sub- 
Venetian, 5. jhihnil, chilwan. [mukafat. 
;i.r,co, s. intiqam, badla, padash, 
Vengeful, , rnuiita(iirri, kina-kash, k ma- 
war. 



Vonial, a. wajib-ul-afu, mazur ; chhota. 

Venison, s. hani-ka gosht, gosht-i-ahii. 

Venom, s. zabr, satiiiu, bikb. [ nii'i/i. 

\'(Mioinou8, a. zabrf, zahr-di'tr, H;HHIII, 

Vent, s. chlied, siiritkli, nikas. i-uli ; dliun- 
wai'.H, dud-kash ; furokht, baia ; i/har, 
ishtihar. [na ; boclmri. 

Vent, v. cbhorna, nikalna ; zaliir k. kah- 

ViMitilafo, v. liawa d. badkashi k. 

Ventilator, s. bad-kash, bad-zan. 

Venture, v. himmat bandhna, qasd k. sai 
k. dileri k tahauwur k. khatre-men 
dalna, jokhim uthana. [girau. 

Venture, s. khatra, jokliim ; sai, qnsd; 

Ventui-esome, a. be-bak-o-parwa, diler, 

Venus, s. zuhra, nalnd. [janbaz. 

Veracity, s. sachchaf, rasti,sidq,sa(!;H|at. 

Verb, s. fial ; active , fial-i-mutaruldi ; 
passive , fial-i-majhul. 

Verbal, a, zabani, lafzi, munh bola; 
noun, ism-i-masdar. 

Verbally, ad. ba-zaban, ba-kalam ; lafz- 
ba-lafz, sukhan-ba-sukhan. 

Verbatim, ad. lafz-ba-lafz, sukhan-ba- 
sukhan. [hariyala. 

Verdant, a. sarsabz, tar-o-taza, hara, 

Verdict, s. fatwa, hukm, qaza, taj\viz, 

Verdigris, s. zangar, pitrai. [iufisal. 

Verdure, s. sarsabzi, sabzi, tazagi, liarai. 

Verge,s.kinara.lab.hadd;chhari,qamchi. 

Verge, u. jhukna, dhalna, mail h. 

Verify, v. tahqiq k. tasdiq k. tashih k. 
sabit k. [albatta. 

Verily, ad. fil-haqfqat, fil-waqi. yaqinari, 

Verity, s. sachai, r;isti, durusti, haqiqat. 

Vermilion, s, shingarf, ingur. 

Vermin, s. kire-makore, hawamm, muzi- 
yat. [zaban-i-madan. 

Vernacular, a. desi, mulki ; lav 

Vernal, a. bahari, rabai. [fanni. 

Versatile, a.mutalauwin. haft-rangi. har- 

Verse, s. shiar, nazm jbait ; raisra : n'qra ; 
ay at. [dan, waqif. 

Versed, a. azmuda-kar, kar-amoz, kar- 

Vei-sification, s. tanzim, aruz, ilm-i-shiar, 
qafiya-baiidi. [shiar k. 

Versify, v. tanzfm k. nazm arasta k. 

Version, s. tarjarua, tarjuma, naql. 



VIE 



172 



VIR 



Vertical, a. sir-upar-ka, simt-ur-rdsi. 
Vertigo, s. ghurm, ghumri, sargardani, 

dauran-i-sar. 
Very, a. bahut, nihayat, gayat, ziyada, 

bara ; wahi, hi, i, (the last two are post- 
Vesicle, s. phapola, abila. [fixes. 

Vesper, s. sicara-e-sham, zuhra ; sham. 
Vessel, s. zarf, awand, bartan, basan j 

pjpa $ nali, nai ; rag ; jahaz, kishti. 
Vest, s. jama, kurta, anga. 
Vestibule, s. deorhi, peshgah, dahliz. 
Vestige, s. naqsha-i-pa, nishan. 



Vetch,s. urdh,rehla, masin, masur,moth, 

kulthi, chana, dal. [raria sipahi. 

Veteran,s. jang-azmiida, kar-azmuda, pu- 
Vex, u. chherna, satana, khijlana, rijha- 

na, diqq d. tasdi d. 

Vexation.s.tasd^izajazurdag^ranjjChher. 
Vexatious, a. iza-rasan, azar-dih, dil- 

kharash, dukh-dai. 

Vexed,a. azurda,ranjida,mnztarib, khafa. 
Vial, s. shishi, sliisha. 
Vibrate, u. jhulana, hilana, jumbish d. ; 

jhulna, hilnii, lahakna, jumbaii h. 
Vibration, *. tharthari, tirrnirahat, jum- 

bish. 
Vice, s. buraf, badf, badkari ; zabuni, sha- 

rarat ; aib, nuqsan, khot ; pech ; ja- 

iiishiu. [bala-niehin. 

Vice-president, s. mir-i-majlis-ka iiaib, 
Viceroy,s.qaini-muqarn, subadar, nawab, 
"V iciiiity, i. qarabat, jawar, ham-sayagi, 

uazdiki. [sarkash. 

Vicious, a. badkar, sharir, fasid, aib-dar , 
Vicissitude,s. daur,dauran, gardish, nau- 

but, iuqilab, tahwil, t;ulbil. 
Victim, s. qui-ban, fida, inara, sadqa. 
Victor, s. ( gazi, galib, firoz, firoz- 
.Victorious, a.) inand, muzaffar, fatah- 

mand. [dj, dast-burd. 

Victory, s. fath, zafar, galaba, firoz-7iian- 
Victuals, s. khaua, khurak, taam, giza, 

zakhira-, tosha. 
Yiu, v. baraburi k. hamsari k. dekha-de- 

khi k. gairat r. rashk r. 
Vitt>v, v. dukliuii, takiiii, uigah k. nazar k. 



View, s. nazar, nigah, lihaz ; madd-i-na- 

zar ; azimat,murad,mansuba, maqsud. 
Vigil, s. chauki, jag, bedari, be-khwabi. 
Vigilance,s. chaukasi, bedarj,agahi, kha. 

bardari, hoshyari, basirat. [hoshyar. 
Vigilant, a. chaukas, bedar, khabardar, 
Vigour, s zor, quwat, taqat, unfuwan, 

tawanai. [but, ustuwar. 

Vigorous, a. zorawar, qawi, tawana, maz- 
Vile, a. nich, past, khwar, be-qadr, zalil, 

haqir, kamina, dun. [tarah-se. 

Vilely, ad. hiqarat-se, ba-shararat, bad- 
Vileness, s. khwari, hiqarat, be-qadn 

zillat, pasti, duni. 

Vilify,r. baduam d. buhtan k. aib lagana. 
Villa, s. batika, rag, mufassal-ka ghar. 
Village, s. ganw, basti, dihya dih, qarya. 
Villager, s. ganwar, dihqan ya diliqani. 
Villain, s. haramstada, sharir admi, bad- 

zat, fajir. 
Villainous, a. bura, bad, sharir, fasid, qa- 

bih, rizala; haqir. 
Villany, s. haranizadagf, badkarj, shara- 

rat, fasad, qabahat. 
Vindicate, v. be-gunah sabit k. uzr lanii ; 

intiqam 1. ; taid d pushti d. [maruz. 
Vindication, s. puzish, uzr, mazarat, arz- 
Vindictive, a. kina-kash, kinawar, inti- 
Vine, s. darakht-i-angur, tak.[qam-kash. 
Vinegar, s. sirka, khall. 
Vineyard, s. bag-i-angur, anguristau, 

bagistan, absal. 
Viol, s. bin, rabab, sarangi. 
Violable, a. iiiunikiii-:-!ia(js, zawal.pazir. 
Violate, v. bigarna, kliarab k. jabar k. 

nuqsan k. ; tofna, faskh k ; liurmatl. 

bikr torna. [parda-tlari. 

\'ioi:itioii, s. shikastagf, faskli, naqs, 
Violence, s. zor, jabar, jaur, situin. jat'u ; 

t;i Idi, /.uliUj/ubiu-tlast.i ; sliiildat,tu!idi. 
Violent, a. sakht, shadid, te/., tuud j 

aiashmizaj, gazab-nak. 
Violin, s. saraugf, rabab, chikara, saz. 
A r iper, s. afai, :ita, ntiir. [kagwari. 

\'ir^;iii, s. bakira, doshiza, clura-baud, 
;ity, s. l)ik:irat, dosluzagi, chira. 
, s. burj-i-:suinbula. 
Virility, t. luardi, rujuliyat. 



YOG 



173 



VUL 



Virtually, ad. fil-haqiqat, fil-waqi, fil- 

zatihi, ainan, asl-men. 
Virtue, s. neki, klulbi, bhalaf, nekokari ; 

quwat, zat, khasiyat, sifat, wast', tasi'r. 
Virtuous, a. nek-kho, -khaslat, -kirdar, 

-bakht, -niliad, -pak, -xat, -tinat-o-kar, 

khiib ; pakdaman, parsa, pitkiza. 
Virulence, s. sakhti, shiddat, shararat, 

bad-khwahi. 
Virulent, a. shadid, sakht, tez, sharir, 

bad-khwah. 

Visage, s. munh, chihra, ru, rue. 
Viscous, a. ") laj-laja, las lasa, las-dar, 
Vise-id, a. j chip-chipa, chaspiin. 
Visibility, s. zuhur, iiamudarf, manzuri. 
Visible, a. zahir, namudar, manzur, sa- 

rih, ashkara. 
Vision, s. binai, basarat, nazar ; chhaya, 

kbiyal, siirat-i-wahmi. [lahari. 

Visionary, a. khiy ali, wahami, tasauwuri, 
Visionaiy, s. sahib-i-khiyal, khiyali, 

kliiyal-parast. 
Visit, v. mulaqat k. milna, ziyarat k. 

iyadat k. 

Visit, s. mulaqat, railap, ziyarat, iyadat. 
Visitor, s. mulaqi, mulaqat-karne-wala, 

bhetwaiya, zair. 

Vista, s. madd-i-nazar ; saya-dar rah. 
Vital, a. jita, zinda ; jan-bakhsh, hayat- 

bakhsh; hayat-mansub. 
Vitality, s. jandarf, haiwaniyat, Jan. 
Vitals, s. jigar, jigarband ; zat, jauhar. 
Vitiate, v. bigarna, khai-ab k. tabah k. 
Vitiated, a. bigra-hua, kharab kar-diya, 
Vitriol, s. tutiya, zaj. [tabah. 

Vituperate, v. malamat k. aib lagana. 
Vituperation, s. malaniat, sarzanish. 
Vivacity, s. zinda-dili, dil-sliadi, shokhi. 
Vivid, a. tez, raushan, cliatkila; shokh, 
Vizard, s. burqa, mukhas. [zinda. 

Vizier, s. wazir, Grand v. wazi'r-i-azam, 

wazir-ul-wazra. 
Vocabulary, s. lugat, farhang. 
Vocal, a. nawai, sauti, awaz-dar. 
Vocally, ad. ba-nawa, ba-avvaz, bat-se. 
Vocation, s. kam, pesha, hirfa, kasb ; 
Vocative, s. nida. [dawat 

Vogue, s. dial, chalan, riwaj. 



Voice, s. awaz, sada, saut, nawa ; ({aul ; 

siga; active , siga-i-maruf ; i>- ! 

, sfga-i-majhul. 
Void, a khali, tihi ; rauattal ; mansukh, 

batil ; of care, be-parwa. [<jai k. 
Void, v. nikalna, dalua, c-lihorna, hauiui, 
Volatile, a. kafur-sid'at, hukhar-.sa; clian- 

chal, simab-taba, subuk-sar. [daz. 
Volcano, s. jwala-mukhi, koh-e-atash-aii- 
Volition, s. chahat, khwaliish, ikhtiyar. 
Volley, s. shaikh, bar/ 
Volubility, .s. zaban-awari, zaban-chala 

ki ; gardish, charkh. [dan war. 

Voluble, a. zaban awar, zaban-chalak, 
Volume, s. jild, kitab, daftar ; aiidaza, 

miqdar. 
Voluntarily, 5. khud-ba-khud, ba-ikhti- 

yar, ap-se. 
Voluntary, a. ikhtiyari, iradati, q asdi 

az-khud. 

Voluptuary, s. ~[ aiyash, jashnf, shikam- 
Voluptuous, a. J parast, shahwat-pa- 

rast, nafsani. [awar, mustafrig. 

Vomit, s. qai, radd, istifrag ; dawa-i-qai- 
Vomit, v. qai k. radd k. istifrag k. 

ubakna ; ubkana. 

Vomiting, s. qai, radd, istifrag, ubkai. 
Voracious, a. khau, petuk, akkal, harfs, 

jua-ul-baqar. [kar. 

Vortex, s. bhanwar, girdab, warta, chak- 
Votary, s. fidwi, banda, farman-bardar. 
Vote, s. qaul, qabul, ikhtiyar. 
Vote, u. qaul d. qabul k. muqarrar k. 
Vouch, v. gawahi d. shahadat k. isbat k. 
Voucher, s. gawah, shahid ; dalil, shaha^ 

dat, sanad, dast-awcz. 
Vouchsafe, u. mihrbaiii k. tawajiuh k. 

ijazat d. 

Vow, s. nazar, ahd ; niyat. 
Vow, v. nazar k. niyat k. 
Vowel, s. harf-i-jllat, harakat. 
Voyage, s. safar-i-darya, tari-ka safar. ' 
Voyager, s. musafir-i-darya. [ha(|ir. 
Vulgar, a. amrn, amum ; urfi ; kamina, 
Vulgarity, s. nichai, pasti, kaminagi, 

hiqarat. [pazir. 

Vulnerable,a. mumk in- ul- maj r uhjzakhm- 
Vulture, s. gidh, kargas, nasr. 



WAL 



174 



WAR 



W. 



Wadding, s. nawala, tikli. [chalna. 

Waddle, v. dagmagi chal-chalna,matakta 

Wade,ukhare-panwutama,payabchama. 

Wafer, s. tikli, tikiya. 

Waft, v. jaldi pahunchana, ura-lejana, 

baha-lejana ; par k. ; ubur k. 
Wag, s. maskhara, thathebaz, thatholiya, 
Wag, v. dolana, hilana ; hilna. [bazla-baz. 
Wage, v. karna, rakhna, shart r. 
Wager, s. girau, sliart, dao. 
Wager, v. shart r. girau r. dao bandhna. 
Wages, s. talab, tankhwah, mushahira, 

wazifa. [rafat. 

Waggery, s. maskharagi, thathebazi, za- 
Waggish, a. maskhara, thathebaz, zarif. 
Wagon, s. bojhai gari, chhakra, araba. 
Wagtail, s. mamola, khandrich, kiaanjan. 
Wail, v. nala-o-zari k. wawaila k. ah-o- 

afsos k. 

Wailing, s. nala-o-zari, wawaila, nauha. 
Wainscot,s.takhta-bandi,araish-i-takhta. 
Waist, s. kamar, miyan. 
Waistcoat, s. choli, fatuhi, kurta. 
Wait, v. rahna, thaharna ; rah dekhna, 

intizari k. muntazar h. ; upon, mula- 

zamat k. khidmat k. ; hazir h. mula- 

qat-ke waste jana. [bash. 

Waiter, s, khidmatgar, mulazim, hazir- 
Waive, v. chhorna, chhor d. tark k. 
Wake, v. jagna, jagana, uthna, nthana, 

bedar h. ya k. [bardar. 

Wakeful, a. jagta, bedar, chaukas, kha- 
Walk, v. chalna, phirna, sair k. gasht k. ; 

chalaiia, pherna, tahlana ; to and 

fro, idhar udhar plu'rna ; in, bhitar 

jana, dakliil h. ; out, bahir jana ; 

off t chala-jana. 
Walk, s. sair, gasht, chalan ; chal, ravish, 

raftar; rah, .s;iiiyah, .irnlg;isut. 
Walkci-, 8. chahvaiya, sair-kiinio-wala. 
Walkingstick, s. chhari lathi, asa. 
Wall, .s. diwal, diwar, blut. 
Wall, v. diwar bandhna, chardhvari k. 
Wallet, s. jhola, jholi, xanilu'l, j;tiiia-<laiii. 
Wallow, v. lotua, lotpot k. galtan-pc- 

chan k. 



Wan, a. zard, pila, pliika, bimargun. 
Wand, s. chhari, chhikuni, asa. 
Wander, v. ramna, phirna, jabaja phirna, 

gasht-o-guzar k. ; bhatakta phirna, 

gumrah h. be-rah h. 
Wanderer, s. awara, be-i-ah, dar-ba-dar. 
Wane, s zawal, kast, tanazzul, ghatao. 
Wane, v. ghatna, kam h. zawal-men h. 
Want, v. chahna, mangna, khwahish r. ; 

ihtiyaj r. muhtaj h. ; darkar h. zarur 

h. ; kam h. qasir h. naqis h. 
Want, s. hajat, ihtiyaj, zarurat; kami, 

qusur ; tangi, muflisi, gadai. 
Wanting, a. kam, naqis, qasir. 
Wanton, a. shokh, khilari, chanchal ; 

shahwati, mast, mastani, chikna. 
Wanton, v. khelna, shokhi k. clianchal h. 
Wantonness, s. shokhi, chaiichalahat, 

hawadari, shahawat. [harb, razm. 
War, s. larai, Jang, jadal, karzar ; jihad, 
Warble, v. lahakna, lahkana, chachaha- 

na, gana. 

Ward off, v. dafa k. rafa k. tal d. 
Ward, s. parwarda, yatim ; mahalla, tola. 

ghar,dandana;qaid;cliauki,iiiKhl);iii). 
Warden, s. haliz, nazir ; amin, amanat-dar. 
Wardrobe, s. tosha-khana, jaiua-khaiui. 
Ware, s. mal, jins, mati, chizbast, as- 

bab, sauda. 
Warehouse, s. jins-khana, aslnili-kliana. 

makhzan, kothi. [jaiigawari. 

Warfare, s. see War ; also, jangbazi, 
Warily, ml. ba-ilitiyut, khabanlai , 
\\ r ai'iiko,"..laraiika ) (lik'i',janu-aiiH)/., jangi. 
Warm, a. garni ; tuz-inizaj, sargarni, 

garm-dil. 
\Variuth, s. garnn, hararat, tapish ; dil- 

ganni, traxal), niasti. 

\\'ani,r.(-lH'i;ui;i.jat:iiia,kliabar(l.;iu'ahi d. 
\Varniiiir, >' clu'tana^habar, agalii ; iuila. 
Wai*p, s. tani, tar. 
Warp, v. aiuthna, niaror khana, kaj- 

kliain k. ya h. .sakorna, trrlui h. [tak. 
\Van-ant,N. sanad, iariiian, parwan. 
Warrani, r. larni;iii-gu/.ar k. nuikhtar k. 

ikhtiyar (J.;jai/. r. ; mu:ii' k. ; pushti 

d. ; ta.sdiq k. dalalat d. 
Warrantable, a, jaiz 3 nuva, lazim, wejib. 



WAV 



175 



WEA 



Warrior, s. jangi, bahadur, gaVi mnrd, 
Wart, S. massa, ilhi, inasbird. | pahlauan. 
Wary, a. hoshyar, duraiidesh, sahib-i- 

ihtiyat. 
Wash, v. dhona, dho-dalna, pakhaVna, 

sho k. pani-se saf k. ; gusl k. nahana. 
Washerman, .*>'. dhubi, ga - /ur ; w 

Wasp,>-. biriu./ambur, zambura. [ dlmbin. 
WaspishjO.. chirchira, ziidranj, bad-mizaj. 
Waste, r. kain h. ya k. ghatua, glmtana, 

gab iii, galana, kliarch k. israf k. urana, 

barbad d. kliona, gamvana. 
Waste, u. wiran, paeinal, ujar, kharab. 
Waste, $. israf, beja kharch, urao, barba- 

di ; wirana, bayaban,, kharaba. 
Waste-book, s. kliasra, khata. 
Wasteful,a. urao, musrif, mubazzir,mut- 

lif, fa/ul-kharch. 
Watch, s. bedari, cliauki; nigahbani; 

pahra; pasban, chaukidarj paharj 

ghari, saat. 
Watcli, r. bedar r. chauki d. nigahbani 

k. ; takna, nigah k. ; rah dekhna ; 

agah h. khabardar h. hoshyiir. 

Watchful, a. bedar, khabardar, chaukas, 
Watchhouse, s. thaiia, chauki-khana, 

pasban-kViana. 

Watchmaker, s. ghan-saz, saatgar. 
Watchman, s. pahriya ya pahrua,chauki- 

dar, nigahban, pasban. 
Watchword, s. chaukidaron-ki bat, shiar. 
Water, s. pani, ab ; peshab. [pashi k. 
Water, v. pani d. paniyana, siclaia, ab- 
Water- bearer, s. bhisti, bihishti. 
Waier-closet, s. pae-khana, jae zurur. 
Watercourse, s. nala, ab-rab, ab-guzar. 
Watercresses, s. lut-putiya, deo-kandar. 
Waterfall, s. jhirna, abshar, chadar. 
Waterfowl, s. murg-abi. 
Waterlily, s. kamal, koi, nilofar. 
Waterman, s. dandi, kishtiban, mallah. 
\Vatrrnielon, s. tarbuz, hinduwana. 
\Vaicrmill, s. panchakki, asiya-e-ab. 
Watery, a. abi, abdar, scrab, tar ; paniha ; 

patlaj be-maza, pansa. 
Wattles, s. thathra, thathrf, tatti ; murg- 

ka phiil. 

Wave, s, lahar, manj, hilora, hilkora. 
N 2 



Wave, v. lahrana, hilkorna, mauj mania ; 

jhiimna; blianjiiaqdiarpliaraiiajdulana, 

liilana, phirana; isli;ir;i k. t.alna, tal k. 

Waver, u. hichakna, taraddud k. j.as-o- 

pesh k. [pichha. 

Wavering, a. mutaraddid, be-qarar, :iga- 
Wax, s. mom, shama; sealing , liikli. 
Wax, v. momi k. lakhiyaua; barhna, 

ziyada h. 

Wax-candle, s. mom batti, sliama. 
AVa.M-ii, a. momi, mom-se banaya. 
Way, s. rah, rasta, tariq, suluk, ravish, 

da. si ur, wajh, taur, tarah, surat ; by , 

waste, az-barae. 

Wayfarer, s. 'i rahi, rah-gfr, rah-guzar, 
Wayfaring,a. ) rah-rawan, salik,musafir. 
Waylay, u. rah mania, kamin k. ghat 

lagaiia. [ziddi. 

Wayward, a. hathila, magra, sarkash, 
Weak, a. kamzor, zaif, natawan, sust, 

ajiz; zaif-ul-aql ; behiida, patla, phika, 

sitha ; halka ; narm. [buk k. 

Weaken, v. kamzor k. zaif k. torna, su- 
Weakness, s. kamzori, zajfi, natawanf j 

halkai, subuki, narmi ; patlai. 
Wealth, s. daulat, mal, maldarf, zar, zar- 

dari, tawangari. 
Wealthy, a. daulatmand, maldar, zardar, 

tawangar, gani. 

Wean, v. dudh chhorana ; baz r. 
Weapon, s. hathiyar, alat-i-jang, silah, 

harba, auzar. 
Wear, u. ghisna, ghisana, ragarna ;pahin- 

na, orhna ; wajh r. surat r. numaish r. 

farsuda h. ghasna; tekna, rahna. 
Wearer, s. paharwaiya, poshakdar. 
Weariness, s. thakai,mandagi, susti,taab. 
Wearisome, a. thakau, a/ar-rasan, malal- 

angez. [bezar. 

Weary, a. thaka, manda, taab-dar, sust, 
Weary, v. thakana,manda k. bezar k. yah. 
Weather, s. hawa ; mausim, aiyam ; din, 

hangam, fair , khush-hawa, khula- 

din ; foul , bad-hawa. 
Weather, u. bachke nikalna, khainclma. 
Weathercock, s. bad-numa, hawa-numa ; 
Weave, u.binna,l)unna, nasj k. [be qarar. 
Weaver, s. tanti, bafinda,julahya julaha. 



WET 



176 



WHI 



Web, s. than, parcha ; Jala ; jhilli. 
Webfooted, a. wasl-pa, paon-jora. 
Wed, u.biyah k.yji. lana,biyahna, riikahk. 
Wedding, s. biyah, nikah, shadi. 
Wedge, s. pachchar, phani, mekh, theka. 
Wednesday, s. budh, char-shamba. 
Weed, s. ghas, ghas-pat, khas,chikhuran. 
Weed, v. chikhurna, nikana. 
Weeds, s. matarni-libas, rand-sala. 
Week, s. hafta, athwara. 
Weekly, a. harhafta, hafta-ba-hafta. 
Weep, v. rona, giriya k. giriyan h. zari 

k. ansu chhorna, wawaila k. 
Weeper, s. rone-w. ashk-rez,ashk-afshan. 
Weeping, s. rona, giriya, nala-o-zan, 
Weevil, s. ghun. [ashk rezan. 

Weigh, v. taulna, taul k. wazn k. ; janch- 

na, andesha k.; ham-wazn h. ham-sang 

h. ; sangfn ya bhari h. ; uthana. 
Weight, s. taul, wazn, siql ; girani, bar, 

bqjh, bhar ; sang, tola, bhari ; ayar ; 

qadar, qudrat. [muhimm, lazim. 

Weighty, a. bhari, sangin, giran, saqil ; 
Welcome, s. khair-dua, khair-maqdam, 

mubarak-badi. 
Welcome, a. dil-pasand, dil-khush, maq 

bul ; mubarak, kluisli-aind. 
AVeli'are, s. bhalai, bihtari, khairiyat, 

khair-o-afiyat, nek-bakliti. 
Well, s. kua, indara, chah, baoli. 
Well, a.achchha, bliala, khiisli, nek, noko, 

bakhtyar, mubarak ; bhalachanga, tan- 

durust, aramida. 
Well, ad. achchha, achchhi tarah, khub, 

bil-khair, khair, nek ; a^ -well as, jaisa 

ki, hamchiman. 

^V(;llbeiIl l ^, x. khaii-iyat, &c. s<;e Welfare. 
W<-lll)(jni, <i. nck-asl, pjilv-ni/.liad. [zarif. 
\\ellbred, a. kliiisli-akhlaq, klmsh-:ii \\ sir, 
Well-nigh, ad. anqarib, na/dik. [dost. 
Welhvisher, .s. khair-klnvah, riek-khwah, 
\\'nltcr, v. lotna, chl];ttj)af;iii;i, Dalian h. 
Wenj-s.^n'iira, l)alauri,inasl)inl : i:a!^an(J. 
AVeiieh, s. larki, chhokri ; laundi', kamv. ; 

chliiiial, ka.~lu. [ /'/,/, dalnir. 

West, s. paelielihim, nia^ral), garl) ; 
WestWiinl ) '"'.iiaehchliini-k(),l)a-suc ina^- 
Wet, a. bhiga, gila, tar, nam ; abi. [rab. 



Wet, u. bhigona, tar k. nam k. 

Wetness, s. gilai, fcari, nami. 

Wetnurse, s. dhai, dudh-pilai. 

Whale, s. samundar-ka maha machh. 

Wharf, s. ghat, pushta. 

Wharfage, s. ghat-ka mahsul. 

What, p. jo ; kauri, kya ; else, aur- 

kya ? then, to-kya ? 
Whatever, p. jo-kuchh, jeta, sab-kuchh, 

har-chi, jo-koi, jis-qadar. 
Wheat, s. genhun, gandum. [kutnana. 
Wheedle, v. phuslana, bhulana, dam d. 
Wheedling, s. phushihat, dam-bazi. 
Wheel, s. pahiya, paiya ; chak, charkh ; 

charkha, charkhi ; phirki. 
Wheel, v. phirna, ghumna, gardish k. ; 

jaulan k. ; ghumana, phirana ; chalana. 
Wheelbarrow, s. ek chakkar-ki gari. 
Wheelwright, s. pahiya-banane-w. 

charkhkar. [aundha d. 

Whelm, v. daba d. dubana, garq k. ; 
Whelp, s. pilla, bachcha ; dog's , sag- 

bnchcha; tiger's , baghela. 
When, ad. jab, jiswaqt, chun ; kab, kis- 

waqt, kai, chi-waqt ; just , usi-waqt. 
Whence, ad. kahan-se, kidhar-se ; jahan- 

se, jidhar-ae; kis-liye, kis- waste; isliye, 

la-jaram ; kis-admi-se ; sot'ivv, ja- 

liansii, kahansii. [watjt. 

Whenever, ad. jadhf, jabki, jabkabhi, jis- 
Where, ad. kalian, kidhar, kis-ja--ah ; 

jahan, jidhar, jis-jagah j no 

kahm-imhm. 

Whereabouts, ad. kistaraf, kidhar-ko ? 
Whereas, ad. c-huuki, halau-ki, azbas-ki, 

ba-wajiide-ki, bar-aks. 
Whereat, ad. tis-par, tis-pichhe, a/-;in. 
\Vlii'i'fve!-,a''.juhan-jahan,jahan-k], liar- 

gah, kahin. [kaheko. 

Wherefore, '. is-liyo, is-waste ; kis 
\Vherrv, x. paiisol, (loim'i, pahvar. 
Whct/y. rhokh k. dhar k. tez k. ; utha- 
na, chherua. 

Wh.'ther, e. kya, ya, khwah ; kaansa. 
\VhrtsU)iic, ,s. sail, sili, pathri, f'asaii. 
Whoy, 6-. diidh-ka pani, ab-i-slur, ab- 

jiilni. 
Which, p. jo, jawn, chi, ki ; kauia, kaunsa. 



WIG 



177 



WIN 



While, at?. } jabtnk, jablag, jitne-men, 
Whilst, ad j jis-waqt, ta-ki. 
While, s. waqt, muddat,. 
Whim, s. lahar, khiyal, wahm, niauj. 
"Whimper, v. ririyami, thunakna, ahistc 

ruiui. [mizaj. 

Whimsical, a. lahari, khiyali, talauwun- 
Whine, u. jhikna, jhinkmi, ririyana, roiia. 
Whip, s. kora, ehabuk, ta/iyana, qamchi. 
AY hip, v. chabuk ya kora mama, taxi\ a- 

na layana. [phirana. 

Whii-1, r. phirna, ghumna ; ghumana, 
Whirlpool, s. pird-ab, bhauwar, warta, 

s.rarq-ab. [bhawandar. 

Whirlwind, s. gird-bad, bagiila, balenda, 
Whisk, u. sehathna, kuchi phirana. 
Whisk, s. kucha, kuchi. 
Whisker, s. niochh, barut. 
Wliis}>er, u. phusphusaiia, kana-phusi k. 

kana-kani k. 

Whisper, s. phusphusawat, kanakani. 
Whistle, v- siti bajana, safir marna, cha- 
Whistle, s. siti, sat'ir ; bansri. [hakna. 
Whit, 5. til, tiiika, zarra, nuqta. [pak. 
White, a. safed ya sufaid, gora, dhaula, 
White-ant, s. dimak. 
Whiteness, s. sufaidi, bayaz, gorai, ujlai. 
Whitewash, v. kali pherna, chhuana. 
Whither, ad. kidhar, kis taraf. 
Whitlow, s. ungalhara, dard-i-nakhun. 
Whittle, s. chhuri. 
Whiz, u pinpinana, sansanana. 
Who, p. jo, jin, jaun, ki ; kaun ? 
Whoever, jp. jo koi, har-ki, har-kas, jo. 
Whole, a. sara, samucha, tamatn, kull, 

sarasar, mutlaq, sab,dar-o-bast; sahih, 

durust, be-aib, musallam. 
Whole, s. jumla, kulliya, hamagi, jama. 
Wholesale, s, thok-biki'i, yak-ja faroshi. 
Wholesome, a. muwafiq, sihhatawar, 

shifarasan, khush-gawar, guwara. 
Whore, s. chhinal, kasbi, loli, yar-baz, 

fahisha, qahba. [bagi, chhinalpan. 
Whoredom, . zinakari, inard-bazi, qah- 
Whoremonger, s. randi-baz, kasbi- ba/,, 
zinakar. [waste, kaheko. 

W'ny, (./.'/. kyon, kyonkar, tdbliye, kis- 
Wick, s. i'utila, palita, batti. 



Wicked, a. bum, bad, bud-kin-, zabun, 
slian'r, iiisid, inayijl), had-kho, bad- 
niliad, bad-zat. [ nirat, zabi'ini. 

Wickedness, *\ burai, badi, bad-kari, sha- 

\Vickt.>r, o. jhaii-ka ban:i, lirton-sc luiiui 

Wicket, s. khirki, dai'iclia. [hua* 

Wide, a. chaura, chakla, pahna, pahna- 
war, ariz, kushada, farakli, wasi ; dui', 
baid. [plr.iilaiia. 

Widen, v. chaurana, chalcland, pahna k. 

Widely, act. wasf-an, arfzan ; durana, 

Widow, s. bewa, rand, randiya. [baulan. 

\Vidi)\vcr, s. randiia, be-zan, be-zauja. 

Widowhood, .s\ )'and;ipa, btiwagi. 

Width, s. chaurai, pahnai, arz, pat ; kusha- 
dagi, wasaat, phailao. [shan k 

Wield, v. chalana, phirana, bhanjna, af- 

Wifo, s. joru, zauja, mankuha, qabila. 

Wild, a. wahshijjan^ali, dashti, bayaba- 
ni ; wiran, bayaban, dasht, salirai : be- 
adab, na-shinas ; be-qarar, har-jao ; 
khiyali, wahmi ; sarkash, be-lagam ; 
be-qaid. 

Wild, s. *) jangal, sahra, bayaban, 

Wilderness, s. ) dasht, wirana, kliara- 
ba, wahshat, badiya. [bahana. 

Wile, s. hila, makar, fareb, fitrat, chhal, 

Wilful, a. hathila, hatlii, nia.gra, sarkash. 

Wilfully, ad. jan-bujhke, dida-o-diinista, 
qasdan; magrai-se, sarkashana. 

Will, s. mai'zi, riza, arztl, khwahish, kliii- 
shi ; ikhtiyar hukm ; wastyat nama. 

Will, u. chahna, mangna, irada r. imkm 
d. farmana. 

Willing, a. razi, rizamand, khush, ragib. 

Willingly, ad. khushi-se, irade-se, ba-dil- 

Wily, a. hila-baz, i-oba-biiz. [o-jau- 

Win, v. jitna, galib h. bazi-lejana ; 
over, girwida k. 

Wind, s. hawa, bad, batas, bao ; hot , 
samum -,favmorable , bad-i-muwafiq; 
contrary > bad-i-niukhalif. 

Wind, v, morna, marorna, pecli d.baun- 
diyana;pherria,phirana ; phirna, ghum- 
na, pcch khana ; bajana, phuukna. 

Windiiigj.s-. phor, mor, bank, pech, mai'or. 

Winding-sheet, s. kafan. 

Windmill, s. asiya-e-bad, pawau-chakki. 



WIT 



178 



WOR 



Window, s. khirki, jharoklia, darfcha, 

rauzan, tabdan. 

Windpipe, s. sansi, naif, halq, hulqum. 
Windy, a. hawai, hawa-dar,tufani,andhi- 

yalm; badi, naffakh. 
Wine, s. sharab, mai, bad a, khamr. 
Wing, s. par, bal, bazu ; lashkar-ka pahlu 

ya bagal. [tair. 

Winged, a. par-dar, bal-dar, parinda, 
Wink, v. palak ya chashmak mama, mat- 

kaua, jhapkana ; at, ankh chhipana, 

chashm-poshi k. igmaz k. ishara k. 
Wink, s. palak-mar, chashmak, gamza, 
Winner, s. jitwaiya, galib, rnuntafi. [ramz. 
Winning, a. mohna, dil-ruba, dil-awez, 

dil-kash. 
Winnow, v. usana, pachhorna, phatakna, 

saf k. j janchna. 
Win no wing- fan, s. sup, chhaj. 
Winter, s. jara, sarma, zamistan, shita. 
Wipe, v. ponchna, pharchhaiia, saf k. ; 

out, mitana, mita d. 
Wire, s. tar-chain. 
Wire-drawer, s. tar-kash. 
Wisdom, s. danish, aql, danai, zirakf, 

fahm, khirad. 
Wise, a. aqlmand, dauishmand, khirad- 

niand, zirak, dana, aqil, alim, hoshyar. 
AVisi-, s. tarah, taur, \viijh, surat. 
Wisely, ad. aql-se, hikmat-se, aqilana, 

samajh-ke. [irada, murad. 

Wish, s. chah, khwahish, arzu, ragbat, 
\\ isli, v. cliaiina, khwahish r. arzu k. 
Wished-for, ad. margub, pasaudida, dil- 



Wishful, a. ") arzumand,mushtaq,mush- 
Wishing, a. ) tahi, ragib, niutamanni. 
Wit, s. ziraki, zaralai,, /ihn, U-z-taliuii, 

:u|l,i( Irak :saliib-i-zirak],tc-/-f:ili in ailiiii. 
Witch, x. s;iliii"i, jadii^arni, dakini. 
Win lici-al'l. .-. j.-idi'iirari', sihr, al'sun. 
With, p r - se > satii, sang, ba, ba, ma ; 

Tiiaa ; ham ; mrn, bicli, bicli-HR-n, dar- 

iniyan ; par, iijtar. 

Wii lial, ((/. sal h-iskc, u|>ar-isk(>,in'7,, ham. 
Withdraw,/', hahia, sidliania, cliliip-jana, 

baz ana, ba/-niliua ; l)az Iciii'i, utlui 

Icjana. 



Wither, u. sukhna, kutnhlana, murjhana, 

jhurna, pazhniurda h. ; sukhana. [na. 
Withhold, v. baz r. atkana,rokna, chhenk- 
Within, pr. bhitar, andar, dariin, bich, 

men ; reach, muyassar. 
Without, pr. bahar,berun; bagair, be,bila, 

ba-juz, siwa, chhorke. 
Withstand, v. muqawamat k. rokna, sam- 

bhaliia, thambhna, samna k. 
Witness, s. gawah, shahid, shahid ; ga- 

wahi, shahadat. 

Witness, v. gawahi d. shahadat k. 
Witty, a. tez-fahm, zarif, zirak, latifa-go, 

harraf, latif. 

Wits, s. aql, hosh, hoshyari. 
Wizard, s. jadugar, sahir, afsungar. 
Woe, s. gam, andoh, ranj, afsos, dareg. 
Woeful, a. gamgin, alam-/ada, ranj-aiu- 

da, pareshan, zalil, haqir. 
Wolf, s. bheriya, gui'g. 
Woman, s. randi, aurat, zan, nari. 
Womanish, a. zan-asa, zan-ana, aurat-sa. 
Womankind, s.alam-i-nisa, firqa-i-zanan, 

aurat-zat, I'andi-log. 

Womb, s. rihm, zihdan, bachcliadan, p(>t. 
Wonder, v. nmtajjib h. tajjub k. ajab k. ; 

hairan h. mutahaiyir h. [karamat. 
Wonder, s. ajab, tajjub, hairat ; muji/a, 
Wonderful, a. ajib, ajab, hairat-angez, 

garib. 
Wont, v. mutadi h. ad at ya istimal r. kar- 

na, ralina, kai'ta-tlia, ralia-tha. 
Wonted, a. mutadi, mainuli, muwafiq-i- 

dastur. 

Woo, v. mangni k. talab k. naz-o-nizaz k. 
Wood, >. jaiiLval, dai-aklit-zar ; lakji, kiith, 
\Voodcii, a. lakri-k;i,rhobi, chobin.[chob. 
\V ily, ". jiinii-ali, darakhtsar. 
\Voof, N. bana, Ijliariu', ])iid. 
Wool, s. pashm, suf ; roan, roen. 
Woollen. ". pashmi, pashnu'iia, uni. 
Woolly, a. pashm-dar, saif; paslun-asa ; 

jiasiimi. 
\V..r.l, s. b;it, sukhan, kahim, laf/, 1usr:n, 

(|atil ; khahar. pai-am ; i([rar, ;>1 

a , hasil-i-kalam, mira/.. 
Work, ;. kam k. ami k. mihnat k. kamft- 

n, kaniaj asar k. tasir k. ; gajana, 



WRA 



179 



WHO 



josh k. ; out, mihnat-so k. ; Ky, 

,il>M;ik k. 
Work, 5. kam, kar, karobar, ami, niaa- 

mila; shugl, raihnat ; banawat : n;u|sli ; 

tasnif,the worksof Sadi,kulliy at-i- SHI 1 i . 
Workman, s. karigar, kamera, dast-kar. 
Workmansliip, s. karigari, dast-kari, 

banawat, hathauti. 
World, s. dunya, jah4n, alam, rozgar, 

zaman ; khilqat, khalaiq, log ; for all 

the , kamal-i-martaba. 
Worlding, s. dunyadar, dunya-parast, 

/.amaua-parast. 

Worldly, a. dunyawi ; dunya-parast. 
Worm, s. kira, kenchvva, kirm ; pech ; 

earth , kharatin, kenchwa j shij) , 

ponka. [ghuna. 

Worm-eaten, a. kiraha, kirm-khurda, 
Wormwood, s. afsantin-rumi, nagdana. 
Worn-out, a. pui-ana, kuhna, farsuda; 

gaya-guzra. [tana, khijana. 

Worry, y. bhambhorna, phar-khani ; sa- 
Wo,rse,a. bura,aur-bui-a,badtar, zabuntar. 
Worship, s. puja, parastish, bandagi, 

ibadat, sijda ; hazrat. 
Worship, v. puja k. parastish k. ibadat 

k. sijda k. ' [jib-ut-tazim. 

Worshipful, a. qabil-i-parastish, mustau- 
Worshipper, s. pujari, ibadat-gar, abid ; 

(in comp.J parast. [bad-tarin. 

Worst, a. sab-se bura, bure-se-bura, 
Worsted, a. maglub, shikasta. 
Worsted, s. lini-sut, pashm-i-reshta. 
Worth, s. qimat, mol, baha ; qadar, mar- 

taba ; fazilat, liyaqat, khubi, wasf. 
Worthless, a. na-kara, na-bakar, be-qadr, 

na-chiz, na-kas, past-o-khur, na-laiq, 

na-shaista. 
Worthy,a. laiq,wajib,sazawar,mustahiqq ; 

mustaujib, shaista ; bhala, nek, khub. 
Worthy, s. mard-i-nekokar, nek-akhlaq 
Wound, s. ghao, zakhm, jarahat. [admi. 
Wound, v. zakhnn k. [dar, majruh. 

Wounded, a. zakhmi, zakhm-dar, resh- 
Wrangle, u. jhagarna, jhagra ya ragra k. 

larna,khatpat k.qaziya k. munaqasha k. 
Wrangler, s. jhagralu, laraka, bakheriya, 

hujiati. 



r, s. jhagra, ragra, qaziya, 

niuuai|:is]ia. 

\Vrap, v. lapctna, lilVil'a k. orlina, tali k. 
Wrapper, s. brtlian, lajtctan, litaiii, ila^L- 

bnqoha. 

Wrath, s. gazab, qahr, khashm, jaxba. 
\Vrathful, a. gazab-nak, qahr-aluda, 

khashm-nak. 

Wreak, v. intiqam 1. (lalna. [pech. 

Wreath, s. sihra, taj-i-gul, mala; maror, 
Wreathe, u. marorna, lapetna; baundi- 

yana, sihra bandlnia. 
Wreck, s. shikastagi, tabahf, halak ; 

jahaz-shikani ; tuti hui jahaz. 
Wreck, v. torna, tabah k. marna. 
Wrench, a. chhin-lena, maror 1. ainth 1. 

zor-se-lena. 

Wrench, s. maror, moch, pech. 
Wrest, v. khainch 1. chhin 1. marorna, 

machorna. [pachhari h. 

Wrestle, v. kushti k.ya larna, pachhara- 
Wrestler, s. kushti-gar, ya gir, ya ba/, 

pahlawan. [nigora. 

Wretch, s. kambakht, miskin, bad-na>il, 
Wretched,a. pareshari, ashufta, muztarib, 

bechara, be-nasib, dukhi ; haqir, zalil, 

mubtazal. 
Wretchedness, s. pareshani, be-charagf, 

ashuftagi, kambakhti ; kammagj, pasti, 

zillat. 

Wright, s. barhai, mistri, darodgar. 
Wring, v. marorna, machorna, ainthna, 

pech d. nichorna, dabna, shikanja k. 

khainch 1. [jhuri. 

Wrinkle, s. chin, shikan, chunat, sikor, 
Wrinkle, v. chin dalna, sikorna, jhuri 
Wrist, s. pahuncha, kalai. [lana. 

Write, v. likhna, likh d. raqam k. tahrir 

k. ; qalamband k. j likh-bhejna , tasmf 

k. insha k. 
Writer, s. navisinda, raqim, katib, mu- 

harrir ; musannif, muallif. 
Writing, s. likhawat, navisht, tahrir, 

tarqim ; tasnif, insha j navishta, khatt, 

maktub. 
Wrong, a. na-rast, na-durust, na-haqq, 

gair-vvajib, sliarir ; na-muwaiiq, na- 
laiq, galat, be-rah. 



TIE 



180 



ZOO 



Wrong, s. zulm, taddi, jafa, zabardasti, 

zarar, nuqsan. [be-adalat. 

Wrongfully, ad. be-insafi-se, bila-haqq. 

Wry, a. terha, tirchha, kaj, kham, banka. 

Y.. 

Yacht, s. qism-i-chhota jahaz. 

Yam, s. ratalu. 

Yard, s. angan, angna, chauk, sahn, hita ; 

gaz ; pal-ka dandi ; alat, zakar. 
Yarn, s. sut, un-ka sut. 
Yawl, s. palwar, dongi, kishti. 
Yawn, v. jamhana, jamhai 1. khamiyaza 
Yea, ad. han. See Yes. [khainchna. 
Year, s. baras, sal, san, sanat. 
Yearly, a. saliyana, ek-sala, ek barsi. 
Yearly, ad. har-sal, bar-baras, salhasal, 

salana, sal-ba-sal. [qat r. 

Yearn, u. marorna, maror-khana ; shafa- 
Yeast, s. khamir, maya, mawa. 
Yell, v. chikhna, chillana, gireo marna. 
Yellow, a. pila, zard, asfar, zafarani. 
Yellowish, a. pila sa, zard-sa. 
Yelp, v. bhaunkna, haunhaun k. 
Yes, ad. han, sach, bale, are. 
Yesterday, s. kal, kal-gaya, pichhla-din, 

diroz : day before , parson gaya. 
Yet, c. taubhi, tispar-bhi, lekin, wa- 

lekin, amnia ; hauoz, ta-hanoz, ta- 

ham; alawa, siwa iske. 
Yield, v. nikalna, dena, paida k. hasil 

k. ; , up jana, phalna ; zahir k. ; 

sompna, hawala k. taslim k. ; qabul 

k. j kam h. kamqadr h. 



Yoke, s. jua, juath, tauq ; gulami, far- 

manbardari ; jora, juft. 
Yoke, ?\ jotna, nadhna, juath-men lagana, 

juft k. ; bandhna. 

Yokefellow, s. hara-juft, ham-kar, satlii. 
Yonder, Yon, wuh, samhne-ka, udliar- 

ka, parla. 

Yonder, ad. udhar, samhne. 
You, p. turn. chhota, naya. 

Young, a. jawan, khurdsal, kam-tnur; 
Young, s. bachelia; jawanon, khurdsalon. 
Youngster, s. larka, chhokra, jawan. 
Your, a. tumhara, apna, ap-ka. 
Yourself, p. tumhi, aphf, tum-ap, khud. 
Youth, s. jawani, shabab ; jawan, balig. 
Youthful, a. jawan, khurdsal, taza. 



Z. 



Zeal, s. garmf, hararat, harafyat, gairat. 

Zealot,s. sahib-i-gairatj zahid, mutaassib. 

Zealous, a. garm,~sargarm, janfishan, dil- 

Zedosey,s.nirbisi,jadwar,zurum.bad.[soz. 

Zenith, s. simt-ur-ras, simt-un-na/ar. 

Zephyr, s. bad-i-saba, nasim, dabiir. 

Zest, s. maza, zaiqa, lazzat, zauq. 

Zigzag, s. terha-banka, kaj-o-pech. 

Zinc, s. dasta. 

Zodiac, s. muntaqa-ul-buruj. 

Zone, s. kamar, kamarband, mintaqa ; 

torrid , mintaqa-e-mahruqa : 

perate , mintaqa-e-muatadila ; frigid 

, mintaqa- e mabruda. 
Zoology, s. jlm-i-hahvanat, janwaron-ka 

bayan. 



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