(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Jets and flashes"

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at |http : //books . google . com/ 




9tO D,H(J)pOBaH KOHHH KHHrH, XpaHHII];eHCH JIJIR HOTOMKOB Ha 6H6jIHOTeHHbIX HOJIKaX, Upe^KJie HGM ee OTCKaHHpOBaJIH COTpy;],HHKH 

KOMHaHHH Google B paMKax HpoeKTa, d^gjib KOToporo - c;],ejiaTb KHHrn co Bcero MHpa ;],0CTyHHbiMH nepes HHTepnex. 

riponijio ;i,0CTaT0HH0 MHoro BpeMCHH jiJi^ Toro, ^To6bi cpoK jiepLCTBn^ aBTopcKHx HpaB Ha 3Ty KHHry HCTGK, H OHa Hepenijia b CBo6o;],Hbm 
jlocTju. KHHra nepexo^i^HT b CBo6o;],Hbm j^octjh, gcjih na nee ne 6bijiH HO^anbi aBTopcKHe HpaBa hjih cpoK ^i^eiicTBHH aBTopcKHx HpaB 
HCTGK. riepexo;], KHHrH B CBo6oAHbiH ;],0CTyH B pasHBix CTpanax ocyn],ecTBjiHeTCH no-pasnoMy. Khhfh, Hepeme^i^niHe b cboGo^^hbih ^ocxyn, 
3T0 nam kjhoh k nponijiOMy, k 6oraTCTBaM hctophh h Kyjibxypbi, a TaK:a<:e k snaHHHM, KOTopbie nacTO xpy^i^HO naHTH. 

B 3TOM 4)aHjie coxpaHHTCH Bce homgtkh, HpHMenaHHa h ;];pyrHe sanncH, cym^ecTByioni^He b opnrHHajibHOM H3;],aHHH, KaK HanoMnnaHHe 
o TOM ;],ojiroM nyxH, KOTopbm KHHra npomjia ot HS/i^axejiH jio GhGjihotgkh h b kohghhom HTore jio Bac. 

IIpaBHJia Hcnojib30BanHH 

KoMHaHHH Google rop^i^HTca tgm, ^to coTpy^HH^aex c 6H6jiHOTeKaMH, ^To6bi nepeBecTH khheh, Hepeme;i,mHe b cboGo^i^hbih ^i^ocTyn, b 
u,H(J)poBOH (J)opMaT H c^i^GJiaTb Hx HiHpoKO^i^ocTyHHbiMH. Khheh, HepeniG^i^niHe B CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn, HpHHa;],jie:a<:aT o6n],ecTBy, a mbi jinnib 
xpaHHTejiH 3Toro ;],ocTOHHHH. TeM He Menee, 3th khhfh ;],0CTaT0HH0 ;],oporo ctoht, nosTOMy, htoGbi h b ^ajibHeHmeM npe^i^ocTaBjiHTb 
3T0T pecypc, MBI Hpe;],HpHHHjiH HeKOTopbiG ;],eHCTBHH, Hpe^OTBpan],aion],He KOMMep^ecKoe HCHOJibsOBanHe khhf, b tom ^hcjig ycTanoBHB 
TexHHHecKHe orpanHneHHii na aBTOMaTHnecKne sanpocbi. 

Mbi TaKTKe HpocHM Bac o cjie;],yK)ii],eM. 

• He HCHOJibsyHTC 4)aHJibi b kommcphcckhx u^ejiax. 

Mbi pa3pa6oTajiH HporpaMMy Hohck khhf Google j^ji^ Bcex HOJibsOBaxejieH, H03TOMy HCHOJibsyHxe 3th 4)aHjibi TOJibKO b jihhhbix, 
HeKOMMep^ecKHx D,ejiHx. 

• He OTHpaBji^HTC aBTOMaxH^ecKHe saHpocbi. 

He OTHpaBjiHHTe b CHCTCMy Google aBTOMaxHHecKHe saHpocbi jiio6oro BH^i^a. Ecjih Bbi sanHMaexecb Hsy^eHHCM chctcm ManiHHHoro 
HepcBO^a, OHTH^ecKoro pacH03HaBaHH:a chmbojiob hjih ;i,pyrHx oGjiacxen, rj^e ^i^ocxyn k 6ojibmoMy KOJinnecTBy TCKCxa Mo:a<:eT 
OKasaxbCH hojicshmm, CBH:a<:HTecb c naMH. ^jih 3thx D,ejieH mm pcKOMCH^i^yeM HCHOJibsOBaxb MaxepHajibi, Jiepeuiefljjine b cboGo^i^hbih 

• He y;];ajiHHTe aTpH6yTbi Google. 

B Ka:a<:^OM 4)aHJie cctb "bo;],hhoh snaK" Google. Oh hosbojihct HOJibSOBaxejiaM ysnaxb 06 3tom npocKxe h noMoraex hm naHTH 
;],OHOJiHHTejiBHBie MaTcpHajiBi HpH HOMOHi^H HporpaMMbi HoHCK KHHF Googlc. Hc y^i^ajiHHTe ero. 

• /l^ejiaHTe 3to saKOHHO. 

HeaaBHCHMO ot toto, hto Bbi HcnojibsyHTe, ne 3a6y;],bTe npoBepHTb saKOHHOCTb cbohx ^j^chctbhh, 3a KOTopbie Bbi neceTe nojinyio 
OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb. Hc ^yMaHTe, MTO ecjiH KHHra nepenijia b CBo6o;],HbiH ^ocTyn b CIIIA, to ee na 3tom ocHOBannH MoryT 

HCHOJIbSOBaTb HHTaTeJIH H3 ^l^pyTHX CTpaH. yCJIOBHH JI^JIR HepeXO^a KHHTH B CB06o;],HbIH ;],OCTyH B pa3HbIX CTpanax pa3JIHHHbI, 

H03T0My HCT e^i^HHbix HpaBHji, H03BOJiHion],Hx OHpe^i^ejiHTb, Mo:a<:HO jiH B OHpe;],ejieHHOM cjiynae HCH0Jib30BaTb onpe^ejieHHyio 
KHHry. He ;];yMaHTe, ^to ccjih KHHra HOHBHjiacb b Hohckc khhf Google, to ee Mo:acHO HCH0Jib30BaTb KaK jtojiho h rjie yro;],HO. 
HaKa3aHHe 3a napymeHHe aBTopcKHx npaB Mo:H<:eT 6biTb onenb cepbe3HbiM. 

O nporpaMMe IIohck Knnr Google 

MhCCHH Google COCTOHT B TOM, HTo6bI OpraHH30BaTb MHpOByK) HH4)0pMaH,HK) H C^l^CJiaTb CC BCeCTOpOHHC ;],OCTyHHOH H HOJie3HOH. 

HporpaMMa Hohck khhf Google noMoracT H0Jib30BaTejiHM naHTH khhfh co bccfo MHpa, a aBTopaM h nsj^diTeji^M - hobbix HHTaTejien. 



HojiHOTCKCTOBbiH HOHCK HO 3TOH KHHFC Mo:a<:HO BbiHOJiHHTb Ha CTpaHHH,e http://books.google.eom/ 



Book No ^-Mr 





• % < * 



\*^ — 



rr^ iibl'wtdfii IcnofcTjattad notcifitint 



1) a^ibtioWo^ tcdo^djancfcS leeffbaS Baubo 
fd |d)U nojarc^ &eebri, hi Ttrf»ee&ri. 

3) £a^i ta jam -m^t>«*brim gra^itotcrS taj) ifbo- 
ta^ ui 2 nofarc? t)ccbru t]a(nKkfd>anu, 

:n flatri^^ bibtio^eras lafitaj^ toor pa^e^^et 
ne rmairat fa 2 |eT)iumu§, 

A) ilatrig lolitof^ tuar gro^TnatoS leetot.nc 
ilaaf &Qr SO beenam. 

5) ^lV()j SO beenu nc»ti\5^jfdianQ§ grol^ota^ 
iartobob Iiifblioteffl, axij iali^jauai? tennwfci^ ja- 
ntjaiino. 

0) Safi^ianas tcnniHu toor atjcrimat trfoi 2 

71 Vafitai^, fa^ tecto cjro^imQtu bcf termma 
otjflitnofdKina^ \l^al par 30 beettam, maPfd per 
labu biWiotefai 1 ^entu. m* fatra^ turitmttrfd§ 

8) .^atram fafitcijnm jec^t*ba no biblioteforQ 
pa^elirct pplafitaja farti", -ftf furo^ ar tinti crffil^- 
nifianv^, fafTba baliinui tfi^o^minta ifboto un |q- 
Htnnta. 

3) aa^tajam jatiiEit otbilbiham twr ftJtru 
IcbjirniiT, fa§ laiHa fLYtoMiana. (^raffmata^ fabo- 
la^ffetia^i; Qtibiimna tarn irf-fomaffd td§ ipiinn 
iw?!irtibci, 

10) ^rficem nDtrifimiecm jactrobaS fatroS 



^^eeitfniH im H-ahiai f^pebfft ar 20. aprili, 1913. q. 



pou^ty^itktkeincomcof 

THE 
SUSANAEMORSEFUND 

Estahliskedfy 

William Inglis Morse 

JnA^anory offiisWife 




). 



Harvard Colleg 



^ 



"^ 



• 



IK) Jib. 



1908. 



f 





EJKEM'BCflHHLlft 



fflTEPiTFPHbit, lAymiH 1 noMinBCiai»rypHAjn>. 



mi. 






./>A«^-^. 



-f^ 












.\-"* ' A' 






c.-nBTBPBypri>. 

THaorpa4>ia IlepBOtt CnO. TpyAOBOfl ApreJiH.— JIiiroBCRafl, 34> 

1908. 



9SL^(.^o-i 7/5/ 

^K-b CBtAtniio rr. noAnHCiHKOB'b. 

1) KoHTopa pe;^aKiiiH He OTFfcqaerB 3a aKKypaTHjK) AOcxaBKy »yp- 
aajia no aa[ oeaMx ciaai^ifl aejifoHuxx AoporB, lAt ffhrL no^TOBtix'B 
jqpeHjteHifi. 

2) noAnucaBmiecfl na sypean'L ^epes'L KfiHHHue MarasHHU— cb 
CBoa^j] m:uio6aMH Ha HeEcnpaBHOCTb ^ocTaBRn, a xaKse cb saaBJie- 
ELSHn nepeM'bHt a^peca 6jiaroBOJDLaT:b oCpan^aTbca HenocpeAcxBeHHo 

y pt]i,dkiuj,m—IIefnep6ijpz^, yz. CnaccxoU u EacKoeou yA., 
HARVARD \ 

^ I^* ',y^ '^ n^3 I Enuotcv.ue Mazaaunu moAbKo nepedaiorm nodnucnun 

deubtu e^ Koumopy pedaKuiu u ne npuHUJuaiorm 
' ^ / HUKUKOzo yHacmiH ez oocmaeKm oicypHOAa. 

5) jkajto6iii Ha EeHCiipaBHOCTB AOCTasEH, conacHO o6'BflBJ[eHiK) orb 
Ho^iTOBaro AenapxaMCHTa, naupaBJifliOTCfl b-b KOHiopy peAaKU^H He 
ao32Ke, ii^rch no nojiy^ieniH cjitAjiomefi ehhskh sypnajia. 

4) ILpji BasBJieHiH Henojiy^eHiH rhhsrh acypnajia, nepeifint 
aApeca a Bpa BbicLuiRi AonojiHHTejibHux'b bshocob'b no pascpoRKt 
iiOAnHceoti niaTU, Heo6xoAMMo npuiiaraTb nesaTHbiH aApecii, no koto- 
poMf BMcu;iaexcfl sypHajHi B-b xcKyn^eirb roAy, hjih cooSn^axb ero Ab. 

He coodWfaioWfie M ceoezo neHamnazo adpeca aa- 
mpyduHToim naeedeme uyoicHuayh cnpaeoKh u ^m^ui^ 
aaMedjiRwm'h ucnoAnenie eeoux^ npocbSz, 

b) Ilpir KaxAOMx saHBieniH nepeM^Ht aApeca bx npeAiiaxr* 
TTexfipGypra a npoBHHi^iH cjiiAyex^ npnjiaraxb 25 kou, no^xoBbniH 
MapKaMJt. 

6) Dpi! iiepeMini nexep6yprcRaro aApeca na HHoropoAHbifl ynjia- 
^lEBaexca 1 py6.; npn nepeMifli ace HHoropoAHaro na nexepSypr- 
cRifl— 65 mil. 

7) nepeAitaa aApeca Aojusna Suxb nojuyqeHaBi Ronxopine noame 
15 HHCiia KamAaro iitcni;a, qxo6u 6jiHsafiniafl RHnra sypnajia 6ujia 
nanpaajiefia no noBOMy aApecy. 

8) JlEi^a, o6panjiaH}nuji&a cb pasHUMH sanpocaMH vh Ronxopy pe- 
Aa&n^iH ujh wh oxA^jieHifl ROHXopbi, fijiaroBOJUixi npHiaraxb noTroBue 

6iaB^ liAH MapRH JlfiR OXBIxOBI). 

K-b CBtjitHiio aBTOpOB-b craTeii. 

1) Ha oTBirb peAaRi^iH no noBOAy npncjiaHHofi cxaxbH, a xawKe 
na cjiy^iaM BosBpan^eHls o6paxHO pyRonHCH aojukhu 6uxb npHiosoHbi 

2) no noBOAy HenpHEflXbccb cxExoxBopeHiJBi peAaRnja ho BOAexib ci 
aBTopaHn HHKaROfi nepenncRH, h xaRiA cxHxoxBopemfl yHMHTomaioTca. 



COflEP>KAHlE: 



CTPAH. 

1. CrtHU. (OnepKH BoeHHOf) )kh3hh). BnHecAoea Ap' 
meMbeea 1 — 23 

2. MaTepN. CxHXOTBopeHie. Soptica JIouko 24 

3. PasJiaAi. PaacKaai.. C. IIodhHHeea 25 — 64 

4. OsepKM M3l MCTOpiM nOJIMTMSeCKHXIi M OdlUeCTBeHHUXIi 

NAeii AGKadpHCTOBV. V — VII. B. CeMeeenaio. . . . 65—100 

5. Hrajiifi. C EAnantbeecKazo 101 — 131 

6. Aope4)opMeHHuii NHCTNTyrb m npeotfpaaoBdHifl K. A. 
yuiMHCKaro. (H3i» /iHMHbnnb BOcnoMHHaHiH). E, Bodo- 

eoaoeoU 132 — 154 

7. Cofi/iasHi. PoiiaHi>. Buatzejibjua FezeAepa. FlepeBOJx-b 

cb HtMeuKaro A. M. Bpyii6epra 155 — 188 

8. Taii(t)yHii. CTHxoTsopeHie. A. Oedopoea 188 

9. ^Xopouiie' M „njioxie'' y Jl. AHApeesa. A £. P/5(^67co. 1 — 17 

10. Ha-b odiuecTBeHHOii mM3HM Ha YKpaNHt. 0. E^peMoea, 17 — 57 

11. HepBaa (ipeuib. (IlHCbMO ua-b FepMaHiM). P. EAauKa. 57 — 75 

12. Bi noMCKaxi aa ciiycjiOMi h(M3hm. Miomo 76 — 109 

13. B-b rjiyxoMi nepeyjmt. A. Ilempuufeea 109—139 

14. Ha osepeAHUfl TeMu. Ma-b MarepiajioB-b seMejibHott 
aHKeibi: I. „H naicb sto HawayibCTBO nosBoyHjerb?* — 
n. CBo6oAHaa nrpa HHrepecoBi* npH aAMHHHcrpaTHB- 
HOMT. coAtWcTBiH. — III. Koe-KaKiH HeMpaayM-feHiH. 

A, IlrbiuexoHoea 139 — 160 

15. XpoHMHa BHyTpeHHCM mM3HN. 1. OKOHqaHie AyiicKOft 
cecciH. OnTHMHCTHHecKie htofh. KoMy h neMy j!lyMa 
noHoraerb? — 2. JlyMa h HeoTJioMCHUH pe4>opMbi. Pbi- 
KOBCKasi KaTacTpo())a. Flpoueccbi pocciftcKHXi> caHra- 

[Cm, na o6op^mi^ . 



r 



CTPIH. 

{|?ejiHTOBi>. Be3yAep)KHiiift onTHiiH3Mi>. A. UempU' 

u^€6a 160 — 170 

16. TsKii nepeA'b cyAOiii Oiiapa. H. Kaptbeea 170—181 

17. HoRbiB HHMm: 

AHiip^A Btjiuff. Ky6oin> iierejiefl.— 0eAopi> Canory6i>. 
MejiKitl 6tci>. — H. KapteBi. BseAeHie bi Hsyqenie 
coaJo;toriH. — KapAi) KayrcKift. Kapxi) MapKCb h ero hcto- 
pH^eCKoe 3Ha<ieHie. — K. KyAbqHOKift (MaaoBemdft). Abtd- 
HOMifl H (|)eAepaai5i bi> coBpeMeHHUxi* KOHCTHTyuioHHfaixi> 
rocyjiapcTBaxi>.— M. lUaHHffb. MyHHUHnaJiHsaiiifl hjih paa- 
ji%/i-b B-b co6cTBeHHOCTb? — /IioABHrb KyAb^HUKifl. AnapzHayb 

Bli COSpeMeHHOMlt COaiaJIbHO-nOJIHTHqeCKOMl> ABHXCeHiH Bl) 

Poccli!,— npo(|). Abf. 4>ope;rb. flojiOBOft Bonpocb. — HoBbiii 

KHHUH, nocrynHBiuiJi bt* peAaKiiiio 181 — 201 

18. Rerp^ McaeeNHi BeiiHtieprb (HCKpojiorb). 77. ^ny- 

dmu'ta 204— -207 

19. Orterb KOHTOpy peAaKi^iM. 

20. 06ii[iBJieHiii. 



luaHiii pejURiiii wwHajia „PyCCHOE EOrATCTBO". 

(0,'IIemep6ypvb — soHTopa xypHaxa „PyooKoe BoraTOiBO'*, BaoKOBa 71., 9; 
Mocxea — OTicijeHie sonopu, HHsnosiff BopoTa, a. FarapHHa). 

BunicbmaMMuie KiwrN vh npoBMHuifo Ha cyaiiy He aeHbuie 1 py6;iii nojibsyiOTCfl 
AapoBOM nepecwiiKoii. KHHrnHUMi MaraaMHaMi — ycrynNa 26% npN nepecyjiKt 

HHMrb Ha MXl cseTii. 

H. ABHceNTbeev BUBOPH HAP0;5HbIXT> HPEJICTABHTE- 
JIEli. HaA. 1906 r. 24 crp. II^Ha 5 Koa. 

C. A. Aff-HwW. OHEPKH HAPO/lHOIl JIHTEPATyPbl. Hba. 
1894 r.— 150 crp. U. 80 k. 

n, EyjiufNHi. PA3CKA3hI. Han. 1902 r.— 482 cTp. U. 1 p. 50 k. 

rpMropiii EtJiopti^KiH. BE31> 1\JIER (lid's pascKaaoBi* pyccKO- 
anOHCKOft BOftHt). 190G r. 207 cxp. I^tHa 75 KOn. Bea-b HueM.— Beai. 
HacTpoeHiii.— B-b nyxou-b nHpy.— XHMqpa. 

n. rojiytfeav DOj^ATHOE J^-BJIO. 1906 r. 32 cTp. litaa 8 k. 

AiOHeo. OHEPKH COBPEMEHHOtt AHrJIIH. IIb;^. 1903 r.— 558 
crp. El- 1 p. 50 K. 

— AHrJnttCKIE CHJiy9TbL Hba. 1905 r. 501 CTp. Ii;. 1 p. 50 k. 
XapaKTepi» aHr;iHiiaH'b.— Anrji. nojiHuiff. — BoapoxcAente nporeKiiioHHSMa. ^ HpjiaHiiCKiA 
.ncnoxonjh", — Scmjiji.— )KeHCKift Tpya-b.— /ItiCKifl rpy^'b. 

— HEHPHKOCHOBEHHOCTb JIH4H0CTII h mmumA. Hba. 
wiopoe 1906 r. 16 cxp. U;kEA 4 Kon. 

— CBOBOM nE^ATH. 1906 r. 16 cTp. Uina 5 Kon. 

B. 1. AMTpiBBa. nOB^CTH H PA3CKA3bI. 1906 r. 312 crp. 
£(taa 1 py6. roMOHKa.— noai* cojiHucM-b lora. 

B. B. KOKOCOBV PA3CKA3bI KAPlttCKOtt KATOPPB. 1907 r. 
317 CTp. I^. 1 p. <He Haiuik*. — BocnouHHaHiii spaqa. — FlpaKTHKa.— McKycHHKH.— 
Tpo<|)HMbiH'b. — /lacKOBfaift. — HuiKa. — H. f. MepHwuieBCKift. 

BjaANHipi KopoiieHMO. OHEPKII h PA3CKA3bI. Kmira I. Jom- 
Hodnamoe H3fl. 1908 r. — 403 CTp, JX. 1 p. 50 k. Bt, AypnoMT, oCmecTB-fe.— 
CoHii Maxapa. — /Itcb uiyiiHrb. — Bi. howb noAi* CBtT;ibifl npaajiHHK-b. — Bt> noiicjita- 
CTBeHHoiTb OTn-fejiesiH. — Crapbifl asonapb. — OqepKH CH6HpcKaro rypHcra. — CoKOJiHHeu'b. 

— OHEI^KH H PA3CKA3bL Kh. IT. BoetMoe mji. 1908 r. — 
411 crp. H. 1 p. 50 K. P-feKa Hrpaen*.— Ha aaTMCHiH.— Arb-flaeaH-b. — 4epKec'b.— 
3a HKOHOfi.— HoMbio. — ^TtHH. — CyiiHbifl iieHb (loM-b-KHnyp-b). Ma;iop. CKaaKa. 

— O^PKH H PA3CKA3bI. Kh. III. Heynecpmoe H8fl. 1907 r.— 
crp. 15. 1 p. 25 K. OroHbKH. — CKaaaHie o 4>;iopt, ArpHnnt m McHaxcMt, 
leryvu.— flapajiOKCb. — .rocyflapesbi aMiuHiiH*.— Mopoa-b. — FlocjitiiHitt fly»n>.— 

•'CHHa aaniiKa. — MrHOBenie. — Bt, o6.iaMHbii! iieHb. 

— BT> rOJIOflHblft TOJXJy. HafijiioAeHiH, pasMHiiiJienia h 3a- 
.*ui. inecTnoCj HcnpaBJieHHoe h AonojiaenHoe, vlsjx. 1907 r.— 

^^^ ^,. 1 p. 



— CJI'BnoK MySblKAHrL. arDA-b. Odunadt^mee h3A. 1906 r.— 
200 CTp. Ii;. 75 K. 

— BE3T> aSLIKA. PaaCKaa-B. ieme^mae hba- 1906 r.— 218 CTp. 
II. 75 K. 

— HHCbMA KT> ;KHTEJIK) rOPOUCKOK OKPAHHbl. Bmopoe 
H8;i. 1906 r. 24 cxp. n^Ha 5 k. 

— COPOHHHCKAfl TPATEJlilfl (no jiaHHHMT, cyAefiflaro pa3- 
cjiiAOBaniH). Ha^. 1907 r. II. 10 Kon. 

— OTOniEflllllE. 06i> ycneHCKOM-B. HepHHmeBCKOM'B. 
^exoBi. Haji. 1908 r. Iltna 40 Kon. 

e, KpiOKOBi. KA3AI];KIE MOTHBBI. 1907 r.— 438 crp. H: 1 py6. 
KasaMKa.— B-b poABuxi* Mtcraxi*. — CTaHHHHMKH.—Hai AHeBHHKa ymireaii BacioxHBa.— 
KinaAi*.— KapTHHKH uiKOJibHOfl MCH3HH.— Ki HCTOHHHKy Hciffe/ieHifi.— BcTptwa. - 

H. E. KyApwH-b (H. C. PycanoB-b). OHEPKH COBPEMEHHOft OPAH- 
IJ,IH. Bmopoe H3fl. 1903 r.— 612 crp. It. 1 p. 50 k. Hapoai h ero xapax- 
Tepi>. — HayKa, JiHreparypa h neqaib. — Bopb6a peaxiiiH h nporpecca B-b HuefiHOfi h 
noflHTHHecKofl c4>epaxT>.-— /lt;io ilpefl4)yca. — MiieflMoe npoSyacflenie. 

— PAJIJIEPEH COBPEMEHHblX'L OPAHIiySCKHX'b 3HA- 
MEHHTOCTElt. Ci> 12 nopTpex. Han. 1906 r. 499 crp. 4. 1 p. 50 k- 
nacT9pi>. — Roji3. — 3oflH. — KjieuaHCo. — BajibAeicb Pycco. — KoMdi. -— Poui(t>opi>.— 
)Kope(rb.— ra^-b.— AuaTo^ib <l>pa«c-b. — no;ib Byp«e. 

n. Jl. JiaepoBi (MwpTOBi). HCTOPHHECKIH DHCbMA. Rbr. 
mpemne, 1906 r. — 380 crp. It. 1 p. 

— OOPMYJIA nPOrPECCA H. K. MHXAaJIOBCKAFO. 
HAyHHbia OCHOBbI HCTOPIH ItHBHJIH3AmH. 1906 r. 143 cxp. 
Utna 40 Kon. 

— SAi^A^H n03HTHBH3MA H HX'b P'BIIIEHIE. TeopeiHKH cc 
poKOBbix-b roAOB-b B-b HayKt o BtpoBaHlMX-b. V\a]X. 1906 r. — 143 cxp. Il|. 40 K. 

A. JleoHTbeB-b. PABHOnPABHOCTb. Bmopoe h3a. 1906 r. 16 cTp. 
II^Ha 5 Kon. 

— CYJXh H Ero HE3ABHCHM0CTb.H8A.1905r.24cTp.I];.5K. 
Ek, fltTKOBa. nOB'BCTH h PA3CKA3bL T. L MepiBaH 3bi6b. Tpemte 

H3A. 1906 r.— 222 CTp, IJ. 1 p. 

— nOB'BCTH H PA3CKA3bI. T. n (pacnpoAaHi>). 

— nOB'BCTH H PA3CKA3bL T. IH, Hba. 1908 r. — 816 cxp. 
IX. 1 p. Padi).— 06opBaHHafl nepenHCKa.— Ha MeJibHHut. — 06jiatiK0. — Bea-b ^aicmiiii 
(Co4>bii nerpoBua ii TaHn). 

Ji. MejibuiMH-b (n. 0). flKy(i08MHi>). Bl) MIPB OTBEP:KEHHbIXI>. 3ar 
DHCKH 6nBmaro KaTopmHHKa. T. L Hevieepmoe H8fl. 1907 r. — 886 . 
H|. 1 p. 50 R. B-b npeAABepiH.— lUeAaeecKtit pyAHiiiCb.— 4>epraHCKift opjiea* 

OAHHOqeCTBO. 

— B^b MIPB OTBEPaCEHHblX'b. T. H. Tpembe h8a. 190< 
402 crp. I^. 1 p. 50 R. Ob TOBapHiuaMH. — Ko6ujiKa vb nyrH. — ^CpeAK conoi 
SnHJiorb.— Post-scriptum aBiopa. 



1 



— DACablHKH atH3HH. PaaoKasH. Bmopoe H3fl. 1903 r.— 
367 crp. II. 1 p. K)HOCTb (h3i> BocnoMHHaHiA ReyAamnmM).~nacfaiHKH )kh3hh.— 
4opTOBi> flpi.--<Jlio6iiifjiui KaioprH. — HcKopKa.— He AOCKaaaHRaii npasAa.— Ha KHTaA- 
cxofl pticii. — FaHfl. 

— O^IEPKM PyCCKOK n033IH. Ha^. 1904 r. — 406 crp. U- 
1 p. 50 K, riyiuKHH-b.— HexpacoB-b. — <I>crb.— TDweBi.— HaACOHi. — CoBpeiieHHUii 
MBBiaTiopu. — O crapoiTb h hobohii HacTpoeidH. 

— BM'BCTO lUJIHCCEJIbByPrA. I. Btc™ hbi. aojinvm^oti ica- 
loprH. X McAhwuHQ. — U. Ha AiiypcKOfl KOJiecBofl AOport. P. BpaoGKow. HdA* 
1906 r. — 40 cip. n,. 8 Kon. 

B. A. Mmotmih. I131> HCTOPIH PyCCKArO OBII^ECTBA. Hsa. 
mopoe 1906 r.— 400 crp. U;, 1 p. 35 k. nporonom. ABBaxyn*. — Kh. lilcp- 
daTOB-b. — Ha sapt pyccKofl o6mecTBeHHOCTH (PaAHiueBi).— Hai) riyuucBBCKoft anoxH.— 
T. H. rpaHOBCKiA. — K. R. KaBeviHR-b. — IlaMflTii r;it6a VcneHCKaro. -— nammi H, K. 
MHXafl;iOBCKaro. * 

— .HA^O JIH HJ^TH BTh JXYUJ. Hba. emopoe 1906 r. 40 crp. 
Bltna 10 Kon. 

A. 0. HeMMpoBCKiJi. HAIIACTb. noB'bcTb (hs'b xojiepHOl} dimjieyiE 
1892 r.). Hsfl. 1898 r.— 286 cxp. U;. 1 p. 

A. A. HHKOiiaeBv KOOnEPAIlilfl, Hsfl. 1906 r. 56 crp. H 10 k. 
A. B. nerpiimeB^. DiEPKOBb H HIKOJIA. llsji. 1906 r. U,. 15 k. 

— ABA HBBHPATEJIbHblX'L 3AK0HA. Cn6. 1907 r. Dj. 10 k. 

C. floAMHesi. T. L MblTAPCTBA. — Hsfl, 1905 r. — 296 cxp, 
U. 75 KOn. — MocKOBCKift pa6aiBufl aomi>. — Uo siany. 

— T. n. CPE^H PABOHHX'b.— Hs^i 1905 r.— 287 crp, U. 75 k. 
A- B. ntmexoNon. 3EMEJIbHHH tiVTRJ^yl AEPEBHH. Ochob- 

HUH aaAaiH arpapHOfi pe({)opH£r. ttsji. mpemhe 1906 r. — 155 orp. 
U'ibHa 60 K. 

— KPECTbHHE H PABOHIE BTb hx-b B8aHMHHXi> ^ OTHome- 
Htex-b. HsA. mpembe Cea-B nepcMtHx. 1906 r. 64 crp. I^. 25 f, 

— 8K0H0MHHECKAH BOJIHTHKA CAMOAEP»CABIH. Brno- 
poe H3fl. 1906 r. 80 crp. It. 30 k. 

— XJI-BBT), CB'BTb h CBOBO^. ^ermepmoe mji, 1906 r, 
84 cTp. It- 10 K. 

— ATPAPfiA^l UPOBJIEMA bi> caaaH CTb KpecibaHCKHMi 
^BiuReHleirB. Ha^. 1906 r. 135 cTp. I( 40 r. 

— CyiUHOCTb ATPAPHOKnPOBJIEMbr.OTAtJibflHioTTHCK'b 
fm> RHHTH »ArpapHa;i npoCjieMa''. 1906 r. 32 cTp. I[. 6 x. 

Kb BOnPOCy 0B1> HHTEJIJinrEHmil 1906 r. 103 crp. 
» ^5 Kon. 

" VKAHyH'B. Ha;^. 1906 r. 214 crp. I^. 60 k. 
iiPOrPAMMHblE BOIIPOCbl. Bhu. I. Ochobhhh nojioaceHla. 
^^. Bun. n. HcTopHHecKW npeOTOCHjiKH. 11,. 10 Kon. 



C. A. CaBHHKOBa. fO^H CKOPBH (BocnoMHHafim MaxepH). VLsji. 
1906 r. 64 crp. I],. 15 Kon. 

n, TMMo4)eeBii. H'BMTb. ;KHBETI> SABOUCKlfi PABO^fi. 
1906 r. 117 CTp. H. 40 k. 

Kapji^ lUypuT,. H3T> BOCnOMHHAHiM HmiEIIKArO PEBOJIK)- 
UJOHEPA. 1907 r.— 132 cxp. JJ,. aO k. 

BMKTopi HepHOBi. MAPKCH3MT> h ATPAPHHft BOnPOCL, 
HcTopHKO-KpHTHTOCKifi o^epK-L. H. L Hsfl. 1906 r. 246 crp, 11,. 75 k. 

B. adipycii. OHEPKH HO nOJIHTHHECKOil aKOHOMIH. Brno- 
poe RBji. 1906 r.— 274 cTp. U,, I py6. 

C. H. MwaKOB-b. «/tOBPOBOJIED,'I> UETEPByprL*. ^IJBWKflw 
BOKpy PL AaiH. IlyTeBHa BnenaTJi-feHia. Hb;^. 1894 r.— 350 crp. Dj. 1 p. 50 k. 
Bi CTpaiit xyHzysoBi h ryuaHOBi. — Ha Ten^ux-b BOAaxi. 

n. B. — n. flKy6oBMMi> (/I. MejibuiMHi). CTHXOTBOPEHIH. T. I. 
(1878—1897 rr.). Unmoe H8fl. 1903 r.— 282 CTp. H;. 1 p. 

— CTHXOTBOPEHIH. T. XL (1898 — 1905). Tpenibe, Aonoa- 
HeHHoe, H3fl. 1906 r.— 316 CTp. II. 1 p. 



Bi> KOHTopt <P. B.» npoAaioTc^ h HtKOTopiM HyatiH Hsaama: 

PyCCKAH MySA. CocTaBHJl'B n. fl. CnaoTBopeHifl H xapaKTCpHCTHKH 
132 nosTOB-b. KpacHBfaift KOMnaKTHufl tomi* vh jisa CT0A6ua; okoao 40.000 cthxobi>. 
nepepa6oTaHHoe h jionoAHeHHoe HSAanie. 1908 r. IJ. 1 p. 75 K. 

rajiiiepeii uiJiMccejibfiyprcKNX-b yaHMKOBi* Ci> 29 nopTpexaMH, 30 61o- 
rpa(|)laMH. Hsa. 1907 r. bt> nojibay 6HBinHX'B niJiHcceJibfi. ysHHKOB'B. 
Ii;4Ha 3 p. 

;i. MejibuiMHi* (n. 0). flKydoBiim). niJIHCCEJIbByprCKIE MyHE 
HHKH. Bech hhcthA coop's wb nojibay CHBrnHXt iiuiHCcejn>6ypr- 

CRHX'B ySHHKOB'b. HSA- 1906 T. — 32 CTp. Dj. 15 K. 

M. (PpojieHKO. MHJIOCTb. (Hs'b BocnoMznaHlIt oC^b AjiORcybeB- 
OKOMt paBeaHH*). Hsff. 1906 r. 16 cip. U|. 10 k. 

Btpa cpMrMepTi. CTHXOTBOPEHIfl. Hba- 1906 r. It- 20 k. 

B-b aamwiy cjioaa. CBOPHHKb CTATEft h CTHXOTBOPEHltt: 
IV-e HBABHie (yAemeBjieHHoe) fiesi nepeMiH'b. 225 cTp. H;. 75 k. 

^All^ lUaiinbOHi. OPAHIJIfl HAKAHyH'B PEBOJIIOIIIH no na- 
Ka^aMTb 1789 ro^a. 1906 r. 220 cxp. U;. 50 k. 

AaHiajib CrepMi. HCTOPIH PEBOJIIOnjH 1848 r.— Hsa. 1907 r. 
JlBa TOMa, no 75 k. Ka^^Hft. 

C. H. lOwaKOB^. BOnPOCbl DPOCB'BmEHIfl. I^tna 1 p. 50 i 

— COUIOJIOrHHECKIE aTIOabl. T. >n (T. I pacnpoAaH' 
I^taa 1 py6. 50 Kon. 

n. -n. ilaBpOBi (MiipTOBT.). HAPOJIHHKH H BPOn AFAHJIHCT 
litHa 1 py6. 



C T ■£ H bl. 

(OqepKH.) 



XV 



Hocjii BtHqaHia TopCteB'b qyBCTBOBaji^ ceCn caMMM'L ctrct- 

JIHBUM'b HeJIOBtKOMt BT> Mipt. 06jiaiiaTB ICpaCHBHM'B, CTpofi- 

nuwh, Teajii)iMi> T'&jiom'b jiio6£[mo£ HcennijHHK Kasajiocb eMy 
TaRHMik HeoCMKHOBeHHHM'B CHacTieM'B, 6ojibnie KOToparo owb 
He MorL ce6'b npeflCTaBHTb. I^-b thoih ho^h oht* nacTO Bcxa- 
Baji*B n cMOTp'feji'B Ha cnflin;yK> Hceny, JiH)6yflCb H3rH6aMH en 
rijia, KpacoTofl aaKpHTim rjiaa'b, nojiyoTKpuTOfi rpy;ibK>, no- 
TOM'B CjOTJiTb ee, H oHa yjiHfiajiacb eMy coHHoft yjiHfiKOtt Jiio- 
oflsxed jReHiitEHH. 

BcDfly, rjTfe TO-ibKO oh'b hh 6ujn>, oh'b jiyMaJi'b o Heft, bo- 
o6pa»cajrB, KaK'b ona ciiottb o^na 6ez'h Hero B'b nycToft kom- 
Hart, KaK'b CKynaeTB h acnerb ero. 

CocTOAHie ocxparo cnacxba npojxoJi»cajiocb u'fejiyH) nej^'fejiio. 

Ha BOCbMofi AeHL y Enx^b upoHdoniJia ccopa, hjth, CRop&fiy 
MajieHbKaa pasMOJiBKa na-b-aa KaKoro-To aycTHKa, KOTopan 
oMpaHHJia 6e3o6jia^Hoe cocioHHie ceMeflnaro He6a. MysKi) xo- 
TfeJTb noKaaaTb HtKOTopyio caMocioflTejibHOCTb, TBepflocib xa- 
paKTepa h ne ycTynHjn>. JlenoHKa pacriJiaKajiacb, naAyJiacb, h 
ea KpacHBoe numfi cpadv ncnopTHJiocb rpHMacQfi 3jio6h. Oh'b 
nocMOTptJi'B Ha 3T0 HOBoe, coBepmeHHo He3HaKOMoe eMy Bbipa- 
aeme h HcnyrajiCH. Oh'b eme HHRor^a He BH^tJi'b raKofi Jle- 
HOHKy, H 3T0 nepBOC npouBJienie lafiHHX'b CBoftcTBT> neGecHaro 
coa;^aHiH sacTaBHJio ero Bnpyrb Baj^yMaTbca h npHCTajibHtH 
BCMOTpixbca B'b aeny, KOTopyio oh'b hphbhk'b bha^tb tojibko 
Becejioft, BO3flymH0ft, cqacTJiiiBO^, yjiH6aH>meficii... 

BnpoHeM'b, OHH 6ticTpo noMapHJiHCb. Ho 3a nepBoft ccopoft 
BCKop* nocjitflOBajia BTopan. Jleno^Ka pacKpHqajiacb bhsfjih- 
EHMi roJiocoiTB, KOTopHH JKHBO HanoMHHJi'b TopfitcBy eH cBap- 
JiiiByro CTapyxy-MaxB, hotom'b 6pociiJiacb Ha AHBaH'b, n ch Heil 
c;i'kiajracb HCTepHKa. 
liojib. OTjrfe;!!* I. 1 



2 B;a.^Ci[i.Bl> APTEMBEB'B. 

— 0TBe3H MeHH floMofi! — KpH'iajia oHa xaKHM'B HenpH- 
jui^iHO-npoHSHTejibHHM'L TOJiocoM'B, HTO OH'B HcnyrajicH, KaK-L 

6hl He yCJIHfflajIH Bl COC'feAHHX'L KBapTHpaxi). 

— JleHOHKa, — npocHjn> ohx yMOJiHK)iu,e,— ycnoKoflca. A^po- 
raH, ycnoKoficfl. fl Bce c^rfejiaro TaK-B, KaKX th xonemb. Bee 6y- 
aeTB no-TBoeMy. 

— He xony! — Kpn^ajia JleHOHKa, caMa ne noMHa ce6a orB 
aaocTH. — BaniM-L th mchh bssutb saMy^Kt? Th Menn oCMaHyjiB. 
ByMt, hto6h MyHMTb. H noHAy aomojS. fl ne Mory hh MHHyTbi 

OCTaBaTLCfl B'b 3T0H KBapTHpt. 

— JleHo^iKa!..— yMOJiflJTB TopeteBB, cToa Ha KOJitHaxB h ij.'fe- 
jivH ea pyKH. 

Ho OHa BHpBajiacb, nafftjia poTOH^y h ymjia ffOMoi. Be- 
^epoMt OHa Bepnyjiacb, Becejiaa, cinromaa, Kaicb 6yflT0 ptoiH- 
xejibHO HHqero ne cjiy^HJiocb, pacqtjioBajia Myma, nasBajia 

ero KOTHKOM'B H MHJiamKOH, — H Mnp-B 6UJrb OKOmaTeJIbHO BOB- 
CTaHOBJieH'b. 

— Hy, HTO HceV — ciipamHBajiH TosapHmH. — Xopomo «e- 
HaioMy? 

— J],a, H oTCHb ciacTjraBT), — oTBiHajTB TopfiteBB, fftjiaa 

AOBOJIbHOe JIHUO.— PaSBii MOaCHO CpaBHHTb XOJIOCTyiO 3KH3HB CL 

Moefi TenepeniHeH? 

Ho OH'B caMB coanaBajTb, hto kphbhjtb ;xymofi. BesnoKofi- 
BU& xapaKTepB «eHH ero yrnerajix h BacTaBJiajTb KasKAHfi 
ASHb CHJibHte TpeBoatHTbCH. 9to 6hijrb nycTOM, B36ajiMomHHft 
peSeHOKB, KOTopHfl He TepntJiB hh bb hcmb oTKasa, KOTopoMy 
fipaKB npeACTasjwiJica 6e3KOHeHHOH cepieflt noutJiyeBX npn Jiyni. 
Ona 3KAajia otb 6paKa HCKJiroHHiejibHO ynoBOJibCTBiff, ne no- 
jirjaptBaH Toro, hto ohb HaKJiaAHBaeTB Ha nee h raateJiHa ysH 
ofiflsaHHocTefl. 

^lepesi) ABa M'bcaua cTaJio nexBaxaTb SKajiosaHba. Buna^ajiH 
xaKie flHH, HTO He Ha hto 6biJio KynaTb xjiiCa. 

— KaK'b Hce TH pacxoAyemb AeHbra? — yAHBJiajica Top- 
C LeBB.— Bi^Ib TH me AOJiMcna cjii;^HTb... Hejibaa :Ke TaKB... 

JlenoHKa cTpamno cepAHJiacb, XBaTajia BanHcnyio KHHacKy 
u ABa AHH BanHCHBajia KaacA^fl pacxo^B. Ha TpeTifli ;ieHb Ta- 
Koe saHflTie en HaAotAaJio, oHa nazitbajia meJiKOBoe njiaTbe, 
m.ia TanqoBaTb B'b o(|)Hi;epcKoe co6paHie h nopxajia TaMB, 
cnacTJiHBaa h Becejiaa, ao caMaro yTpa, BocxHmaa o^HuepoB-b 
CBoeK) rpai;iett h (|)Hrypoft JliaHH. 

— Hy H uomtniijib TopiSteBB meny, — aaBHAOBajiH mho- 
rie.— OroHb! KpacaBHi^a! Bce oTAauib. 

Myxcb Tepaajica peBHOCTbio, ctoh y npHTOJiKH ffBepa h tjihah 
ua nopxaHiH Jleno^KH. 

— H oxoTa Te6'fe njiacaxb, — roBopujiB ohb bb mecTb HacoBi) 
yxpa nocjii 6ujia, CHHMan canorn. 



w 



' 



T -B H U. O 

— AX'S, KaKi* 6HJI0 Becejiol — Cojiiajia JleHo^iKa.— 9Torb Hy- 
^JyKOBCKift TaKofi MHJiHii, TaKaa jiyniKa. 

— HaIotl, npoxBocT'B! — roBopHJn> cb ^^ocafloft TopOieai), 

fijrbAHtH OTh 3JI0CTH. 

— 9to th, CaraoKt, hs'b peBHOCTH. H He rjiyno jih peBHO- 
saTb? Owb npocTO MajibHHKi). HeyKejiu tu mchh MomeniB pes- 
HOBaTL KT* pe6eHKy? 

— Xopom'b MajiBHnK-B. ^UBerb ci> KeHofl TOBapnma. 

— <I>H, KaKia ra^ocTH! KaKia MepsKia cnjieTHH. H th 9to 
emfi noBTopaenib. 

— Hy, ocTasb, no»cajiyficTa, — npepHBajn> TopdieBt h aa- 
aepTHBajicJi bt* ojsfbsjio, hto6h ne cjiymaTb. 

— To«e ocy«fla€mb .uroAeft^— Bopnajia JleaoqKa, — A caM'b 
TO RaRon 6uji'B. CaM'b 'bdAHJi'b rx ^KeniuHHaMX. Th najibii,a hofh 

MOefi He CTOHinb. 

— JleHOHRa!— roBopHJi'b TopfiieB'b njiaHymHBTb rojiocoMTb, — 
H He CTHAHO TeCt Mesa yapeRaTb. Paasi a Te6t caM'b He ro- 
BopHJTb npo 3T0? PasB'b TH MH'6 He ofitu^ajia Bce aadHTb? 3to 

nOAflO Cb TBOefi CTOpOHH! 

PaaroBop'b o6ocTpaJica, h A'feJio ROH^ajiocb HCTepHRoft h 
o6'bmaHieMi» yTonHTbca. 

,3to ona m> HHTepecHOM'b no;iio3KeHiH, — yrfemaji^ ce6a 
Top6'6eB'b.— OHa MHjiaa, Ao6paa. IIpaBAa, ona Majio pasBHra, 
HO Moa oCaaaHHOCTb paaBHTb ee, cAi^JiaTb HQ-b nea OTniJiH(|)o- 
Bannuft 6pHJiJiiaHrb''. 

— JleHOHRa,— cRaaajTb ofb RaRb-To paa-b. — OT^ero th Majio 
HHTaefflb? BtAb 9T0 oneHb HHTepecHO. Boti. npoHHTaft, nanpe- 
irbp^b, HJia Hanajia — Kojibi^OBa... ero HapoAHHa ntcHH. 

— fla a Cb yAOBOJibCTBieM-b, — CRaaaJia Jleno^Ra, nepecTa- 
Baa cMOTp'&Tb Bii' ORHO. — V Mena A&3Re b'b rommoa^ Jie:RHTb 
H'bceHHHR'b, PA* ecTb CTHXOTBopeHie Kojibi^OBa. He homhk), 
saiTb HaHuaaerca... Bi cepeAHH"]^ TOJibKO homhk)... KaR^ dTO... 

0(t)HUepHK'b MOilOAOH, 
flpOBejlH MCHSI AOMOtt, 

Mofl aomtj Ha ropt, 

TpH OKOlUKa Ha ABOpt... 

— Hy, 3T0 TH He HB-b TOH onepH,— npepBajn> Myatx. 

— A cRa«ir,— aaHHTepecoBajiacb JlenoHRa,— 6hjih nncaTejin 
coBC'bMi> npocTHe? 

— KaRT) 3T0 npocTHe? Th xonemb CKaaaTb, napoAHHe, hh- 
<^TejiH H3'b HapoAa? 

— Hy, Aa. Hy, Aa. Borb HMeaHo npocTHe, ROTopne yu'kua 

TOJIbRO 4HTaTb H IIHCaTb. 

— Ho OHH CTapajiHCb ce6a pasBHBaTb, y^HJiHciK BcaKm ho- 
JiOBtR^ odaaaHi) yHHibca, Th Toace Moxcenib ce6a pasBuxb 



4 BflqSCJlAB'B APTEMLEB'B. 

^TenieMX. Botb npoHTH, nanpHM'fep'B, KopojieHKa ^B-b ayphom'b 
oGmecTBi". HHTepecHHfi h TporaTeJiBHHfi paacKaai) hs-l «H3hh 
^-feieft. fl[ fies'B cjieax He mopb HHTaxb. Xonemb, h ceroAHa me 
^ocTany sxy KHary, h mh BenepoMi npoHTeMi* BMtcrfe. 

— Xopomo,— corjiacHJiacB JlenoHKa. 

Be^epoM-B TopeteB-B cH^'feJi'B Ha AHBant, o6HaB'B o^Hoft 
pyKOH aeny, a b-b ffpyrofi ffepxcajix KHary h HHTaJTB, oneHB 
BojinyacB b-b chjibhhx'b MicTaxi*, Ho na JlenoHKy, kx ero Be- 
iHKOMy yflHBJieHiK), paacKaa-B ne npoHSBeji-B hh Maji'fefimaro 
Bne^aTJitnia. Bee BpeMa ona ^epeax CHJiy cffepacHBajiacB, hto- 
6 m He a^BHyTB, a bx kohu* ne BHjiepMKajia h saatBajra rpoMKo 
BO BecB poTB, ffaate HcnyraBX Top6'feeBa. 

— JlenoHKa, — CKasajix ohx yKopHaneHHO, — Hey«ejiH 3to 
TfjfiH He HHTepecyeTX? 

— HtrB, HHHero,— OTB'feTHJia aeHa,noKpacH'feB'B.— A tojibko 
n ^^yMajia, hto 3to npo jih)6obb. Botb h HHTajia... oneHB HHTe- 
pecHoe... KaKX 3to... Bottb npejiecTB! nepenjieTx xaKoft ko- 
pii^meBHft, H KHHra TOJicTaii, TOJiCTaH... Ha, „TafiHBi napam- 
CKaro OTopa"... Th ce6'k npeflcraBHTB ne uomemb, KaKx 9to 
imTepecHo. Bot-b ji;ocTaHB mh*, no»caJiyflcTa! 

TopfiteBi) CB HcnyrojirB nocMOTptJii> na KpacHBoe jihixo 
meHH H B-B nepBHfi pasx nocjit CBa;iB6H OTHeiJiHEo ii ex 
ymacoMX noaajix, hto omH6ca bx neft. Hepeflx hhmx CHA^Jia 
nycTaa, rjiynan, KpacHBaa Kyiuia, h coBHanie CBaaanHocTH ex 
neio Ha bck) masHB o6Aajio ero xojioaomx. 

— He M0»ceTx 6utb, ne MoaterB 6htbI — TBepjtHJix ohx mhc- 
jieHHO, CoflCB ]iB,7Re j^ynaTB o6x 9Tomx ^ajiBine. 

— Hero TH Ha Mena tbkx cTpanno CMoxpHinB? — cKaaajia 
JleaoHKa a aacMtajiaeB KpaeaBofi, aaamaoft yjiw6Koft, KaKoft 
oea nocToaHHO yjiH6ajiaeB BcfeMx SHaKOMWMt o$Hi],epaMx. 

— A eKaata mh*, — npoflOJiacajia oHa, BApyrx Cfl-fejiaBx Jia- 
cKOBoe jran.0 Kome^Ka. — CKajKa, KoxaKx, tojibko ne cepflacB... 
UjSii MB* eJioBO, HTO He 6yAemB cepAHTbca. 

— Hy? 

— Xlaft cjioBO. 

— Hy, xoporno, z^aK). 

— CKa»ca, KOTaKX, Korjia th 6hjix y acenmaHx... aaaeniB, 
y 3THXX.., Kean^HHx. Hto, Kania oh*? PaaeKa^Ka Bce nojipoCno. 

Top6ieBx ex HeyflOBOJiBOTBieMX nomajix njienaMH a ena- 
aajix: 

— OxoTa HHTepeeoBaTBea TaKHMa rjiynooTHMa. 

— HiTX, KOTaKX, eKaxta,— ae ynaMajiaeB JlenonKa. — Mohh- 
oqeHB HHTepeeyeTX, KaKx oh* acHByTX. KaKX, hto? Hy, bote,. 
TH, HanpHMtpx, npaxoAaniB... a hto ace ;iaJiBme? 

— AXX, OTCTaHB. 

— Hy, rojiy6HHKX, AynioanaKx. CnaHca, noacajiyaeTa. 



V 



/ 

G T ft H U. 5 

— BoTB CTpaHHoe A'&^o. Oh'6 TaRie ace jiioah, kblkt* h tu. 
9to HecnacTHHa cosAaHia, AOBeaeHHiM roJiOAOM'b h 6e8pa6oTH- 
ueft flo TaKoro nojioHceHia. Hto Hce Tyrb oco6eHHo HHTepecaaro? 
EcjiH xoHemB, a Te64 AOCTany padCKasx HexoBa Ha aiy Teny, 
H3X ROToparo Tu MOflcemb ysHaib Bce noApo6Ho h Jiyime, 
TfeMT> ji pascKaKy. 

JlenoqKa cpasy oacHBHJiacb h o6paAOBajiacb. 

— Ta*, fa*? — cnpocHJia ona. — ^ociaHb, noacajiyftcTa, 

AOCTaHb. 

— Xopomo, npHHecy aasTpa. 

— 8to coBctM^ He TO, HTO fl AyMajia,— CRasajia JlenoHKa 
pasoHapoBaHHo, npoHHTaBi> pascRas'b, h noieify-To HaAyJiacb. 

Ct> HeS TaRifl nepen'I^HiJt 6uBajiH enceAHeBHo. C'b yrpa OHa 
meiSeTajia, 6']^rajia, xoxoTaJia, KaK'b CesyMHaa, a Kb Benepy 
puiAaJia 6e30 BCflRod npH^innu TaR'b rpoMKO, hto cjihoiho 6uno 
Vh Goc'&AHHX'b RBapTHpaxi*. JlfiEevb C'b KaxcAuifb M'kafli^eMi> 
fie xBaTajio. IIpHmJiocb daRjiaAUBaTb nacH, KOJibiia, Aa»ce 
o6pa3a. 

H BOTTb pas'b cjiyHHJiocb, HTO H 3aji03KHTb Chjio HCHero. 

— JlenoHKa, — cKaaajTb TopeteBTb. — HoiipocH y AenmHRa 
OTaAi^aTb KonieR'b. Tojibxo He roBopn, hto mh*, a to He- 

JIOBKO. 

JKena nomjia B-b RyxHio, u ohii ycjiHinaji^ cJi'6AyK)iii;m 
paaroBop-B: 

— Kyjie6flRHH'b, — CRaaajia JleHOHKa, — Aaft, noacaJiyftcTa, 
KonieR'b ^BaAaaib. 

— Bh, 6apHHfl, H TaK^ HaMeAHH pynb sanfljiH h ao cisxh 
nopi> He OTAajiH. 

— Ji;a aTO He MHt, a 6apHHy,— cKaaaJia JlenoHRa, 

— OSMaHHBaeie, 6apHHa. Htrb y Mena Aenerb. 

— SaH'feM'b ace th saHHMajia y Hero?— paacepAimcH Top- 
<54eBb. 

JleHOHKa, B'b CBOK) onepeAb, paacepAHJiacb, h onaib npo- 
H3oniJia HenpiHTHafi ceMeftnaa ci^eaa. JlenoHKa SpocHJiacb jih- 
AOiTb B'B noAyiHRy ii, HaTHHyB'b Ha cefia oa*hjio, pij^aJia Tpu 
Haca. 

Top6'feeBi> ymeji'b HS'b AOMy h aojifo ryjiHJil no iiojioTHy 
seji'itoHofi AoporH, cepbesHO noAyMHBaa o tom-b, ho 6pocHTbca 
JiH noAT* notsAi^. IIotom'b oh'b BcnoMHHJix CeanoMomnyH), njia- 
HyniyiD JlenoHKy, h ocTpaa atajiocTb oxBainjia see ero cyme- 
ctbo. OH'B 64roM'b 6pocHJica AOMoft h Hanajii) ocnnaTb ee no- 
A'ijiyaMiT, CTapaacb oTHflTb ea pyKii ot'b Jiiiua. 

— JleHOHKa, JleHOHKa,— 6e3y MHO menraji'b oh-b.— j[];oporaa! 
Ofla OTHaJia pyKii ot'b Henpocoxmaro Jiuua, yjiwdnyjiacb ii 

CKaaajia: 

— /lacHK'B, Kynn Mat nJinTKy inoKojiaAy. 



c 



BaqECJiAB'b APTEMLEBT). 



npiiSjinKajiocB BpeMfl poAOB'L. JlenoHKa TpycHJia, no^ojiry 
MOJiMJiacB Bory h cnpamHBEJia nyaca: 

— KoTliK'b, TH Jiaefflb MH-fe CJIOBO, HTO He ^CeHHfflBCH, eCJIH 

a ynpy. 

— KaKiii rJiynocTHi — roBopHJTb Topfi'beB'B. 

— H-ferb, H TiyBCTByit), — noBTop^Jia oHa co cJiesaMH, — ht(k 
yiipy, HeiipeMtHHO ynpy. 

— 3x0 roBopflTB B'b TaKHXX cJiynaflrB Bcfe aceniuHHH, — 
ycnoKaHBauB TopS'feeB'B, 

— Hti-L, y MCHfl npeOTyscTBie. 

Ona xoAiiJia BHJiaa, rp;ycTHaH, pacxpenaHHaa, h Bce Bpena 
npiiroTOBJiJiJiacji Kh CMepxH. 

— lUeBejiuToa, — roBopHJia OHa co CTpaxoMTb, npHKJiaAHBaa 
pyKy MymaK'B CBoeMy ^KHBOTy. — CjiuniHmB, KaKi> ineBejiHTca? 
EcjiH 6y/iieTi» najibHHK'B, mk HasoBeMi) ero B'B necTb lefia 
Cameil 

B'B TorB 5Ke BeHept ona 6jiaronojiyHHO poAHJia A'fe- 
Boqity, 

TopfiieB-B oaycTHjiCH Ha KOJiiHH h He mofb y^^epacaiB cjiesi) 
npu BUHi MajieHBKaro, 6e3noMoni,Haro KOMOHKa MHca, KonomHB- 
inarocfl b% KpoBu Ha npocTHHt y Honb Maiepn. 

— MoH ;:toHb'— AyMaji-B cb ynHJieHieM-B, waJiocTBio h bo- 
CToproM'b. — Mos ao^b! Moh flo%! 



XYI. 

Ilocji-fe pojioBii JlenoHica 6BicTpo onpaBHjiacb, n KpacoTa en 
CTaJia en^e nHmHiH, KaKi* Kpacoia coBepmeHHo pacnycTBB- 
meiicfl MaxpoBon po3H; ho ceMeMHHH necorjiacia BcnwxHBaJiii 
Bce ^aii];e, u ci> Kaxc^BiM'B paaoM-B jiijiaJiiiCB iipojio«7^iiTejib- 
Htfl H ociptn. MyMCb H MveHa ciajin nyjKie Apyri) zi;pyry. 

TopCljeBij Muji^a TaHJix cipaAame, h a^opoBBe ero otI) no- 
cTOflflHHX'B HepBHUXi) noTpHceHUi pacmaTHBajiocB. Smioti oht*, 
K'B TOMy 3Ke, cxBaTHJi'b npocTyAy. OhI) 6ji'feAH'fejii>, xy^itjii, h 
qacTo HyBeTBoBaji-BBO BceM-b rfejii Horomyio ji^hb, to^uo kto-to 
BMTflHyji'B nail aero 4acTb toh 3KH3HeHHoii chjih, K.OTopaa aa- 
cTaBJiaeTB AyMaiB h AMcTBoaaTb, HHor^a eMy KaaaJiocB, hto 
cepAAe y Hero nepecTaeTi) 6htbch, tohb-b'b-tohb KaKi) Hcnop^ 
HeRflfifl MexaHiiMT) B'b Hacaxi). B'B TaKia MHHyTH mhcjib o 
cMepTH orHeEHoii BMtefi npoHaajia Bce ero cymecTBo, h Top- 
dfeeB'b HaqHHa.i'L SbicTpo G-feraTB no KOMnaT-fe, OTHero cepAUe 

iSa^KHaJlO KOJIOTHTBCH CB TaKOH fiHCTpOTOli, HTO OH'B XBaTaJICfl 

pyKOH aa rpy^B, tohho ciapaflCB xotb na MHHyTy aajjepmaiB 
ero OieHie* 

— HeBpacTeHis, 6aTeHBKa, — roBopnji'B AOKTop-B. — Hy^na 



F"' ' 



C 1 *& H LI. 



fiojibine ryjiaTB, 6ojiBme pasBJieKaxBCH, H86traTb oropneHifl, 
notaacafiTe na KyMHCB. 

Ho u3&6raTb orop^eHift cxajio Tpyrao. HaorAa eMy fltJiajicH 
npoTHBHHM7> ;^a7Ke BBKb CBoefi KBapTHpiJ, HGuapanaHHuft ho- 
auiMH ofitAeHHHH CTOJH*, cxyjiBH CT> AHpKaMw, ycxajioe, crapoe 
nuno TemH, KOiopan npHXonHJia Ka»c;^Hfl Jienb, h KpacHBO-xo- 
aoAHoe jiHiio xceHH, KOTopan no-npe^cHOMy, KaR'B 6yATo, He 
3aiftHajia ceMgAnaro paajia^a. 

— H HeyxcejiH 9to 6yfleT'B xaK-B cero;iH^, aaBTpa, Bcer^a? — 
CB yHcacoM'b AVMaji'b TopeteBi. — Hey«ejiH bto y«e Henonpa- 
BHMO? HeyaceJiH 9To KOHecnb? 

H KaKou-TO BHyxpeHHifl rojiocB 0TBtHajn> eMy: „fla, 3to 
flenoDpaBHMO, bto kohbu'b". 

no^aHi* BenepHi^ nafi, BunoJisaerB Teii^a, KOTopan TaKi> 
TpyflOJiiD<5eBa, hto BHXcerB HyjioKT> jia?Ke Ha y-TiHut. IlepBae 
craKaHH h naniKH BHUHBaioTCfl MOJina. TojibKo mnuviTh h «a- 
jio6ho nnmarB caMOBap-B, na, XHKaiorB MacM. Tema atBaeT'b 

BO BeCb pOTB. 

— 3tBaeTCH, — roBopHTB oHa. — Ka6H atBajiocB, fla np">AaBa- 
aocb, MHoro 6h A^nerb 6hjio!.. — ocxpHT'B ona h cwbeTCij. 

Ilocjii Hdjo ciapyxa Ceperb KapxH h pacrciamjBaerb nacB- 
HHCB, Bcer^a oahht> h totb «e, hjih ra^aerb. 

— Mana, noraAaft mh*, — npocHTi) JI^^HciKa. 
Crapyxa, He cntma, xacyerb KOJioAy h roBopHrb: 

— KapTiJ, He MHt CKaHCHxe npaB^oHKy, a Borb eft! — ii 
pacKJiaflHBaeTb.— Te6t npeACTonrb KaKia-xo xpe(f)0BHa XJionoxH 

BB HepBOHHOM'b A0M4. - 6opMOHeXT> OHa, rJIHOT nOBepX'b O^KOBb. — 

CsHAaHie cb HepBflMH... najiBHfla Jiopora K'b 6y6HOBOMy Kopo- 
.110... ycnoKOHTb cepAUe.- Tojibko botT) xyxT* neiipiflXHOCXB. 

Ona rjiy6oKO B3AMxaexT>, CKJiaAHBaex'b KoJioAy ii oriHTb 
xacyexi). 

— A nocji* ofitAa, — roBopm'b tleno^Ka,— a BHA^Jia bo ch4 
BopoB'B. BopoB^b BHAtxb Hexopomo, xoMce oBHaqaex'b Henpiax- 

HOCXb... 

H Top6'feeBy onnxb iipHXOAHXT> bt> rojiOBy ysKacnan Mwc.ib, 
HTO «H3Hb ero HenonpaBHMO HcnopieHa u HPdacTHa. 

KorAa B*b noJiKy roBop&nH o xomT), hto TopClseBb 6oJTeH'b, 
HBKTO He pimajica npoHsaecxH cxparanoe cjiobo „HaxoTKa". 

Ho KorAa oht>, ocyHyBiuifica h acejixHii, npiixo.iiiJi'b bx 
noJiKOByio Kanitejiapiio, — Bcb cMOTpi.iH na nero KaKb to oco- 
6eHH0 JiacKOBo h npucxajiBHo, KaK'b Ha nejioB^Ka, iipHroBopen- 
laro K'b KasHH. CxaHOBHJiocb «yxKo ott> ^xHX'b BarjiaAOBTb. 
TopeteBT* AoraflHBaJica, ^xo Cojien'b cepbeano, ho mwcjib o 
cMepxH 6HJia AaJicKa oxi> nero. 

— BaMi) cJTfeAy^Tb, oAHaKO, aacxpaxoBaxb cbok) :kh3HB, — 
nocoBixoBajTB KOMaHztHpb nojiKa, KorAa TopCieB^ aBHJica Kb 



8 Bfl^ECJlAB'B APTEMbSB^. 

HeMy oAHaacAH c-b panopioM-b. — OfimecTBO ^ynioH'b* — npenpac- 
Hoe o6mecTBO, a cani) TaM'B sacTpaxoBaH'b. 

OrL 9Toro coBiia y TopCtesa saxBaTHJio flyx'L, h no KO^K-fe 
no^jtatajii* Mopoa-B Hcnyra. 

— HeyMcejiH a TaKi> njioxTb? — AyMaji-B ost co CTpaxoMi>, 
Kor;ia meji'L j^oMofi. HoMa ohi* bbhji'b sepKajio h ;i;oJiro co bhh- 
MariieMT> Hsynaji'B CBoe jinqo.— HeMHOMCKo noxyjii^JTB, — HVMaji-b 
om>,— HO Bce-TaKH eme He ohchb. Ecjih y mchh iig^e h naxoTKa, 

TO B-tAb H HaXOTOHHtie BHSAOpaBJIHBaiOT'B. HySHO TOJIbKO BeCTH 
iipaBHJIBHHM oGpaSB aCH3HH. 

H 0Hi> KaJKAoe yipo M'femaji'L JioacKOH aa^HHe »cejiTKH cb 
caxapoM-B H poMOMB H HflJiB 3Ty cMtcB HepesTb ABa ^aca. 
U-hJiHfi AGHB rjioTajiT) nopoinKH, najiioJiH, KanjiH h HacTOHKU 
UB'B TpaB-B. 3a flBa M'fecima fiojiisHH oHi) uepeHHxaJi'B Bcfe 

y*Te6HHKH H TaKB HSyqHJI'B eOJliSHB, HTO MOFB 6h CaMl* CB 

ycn'bxoM'B JiiqBTb 6ojibhhx'b rpyABio. 

— BtAHHii. etAHHH, — roBopiiJiu npo Hero npu Bcxp'fe^'fe 
no.iKOBHH naMbi,— HaB'fepHo, cKopo ynpeTB. ^ena b pefienoK'B!.. 
^OKTopTb roBopHTB, HTO y Hcro ocxajiocb TOJiBKO JitBoe jierKoe. 

— BaM'B 6bi B'B canaTopifo,— coBtTOBajia MapBa HBanoBHa.— 
HoTB, npencTasBTe, naniH anaicoMue bb neTepOyprt, rpyHAHHU... 
Co-orax'feiiinie... mhjijibohbpu... TaKTb botij y HuxTb Gujia ao^b 
GojibHa, Toace naxoTKa... Ona bb canaTopm bb nepBHja ace 
Micimi) nonojiHiiJia na oahh-b ny^B h naTHaAUaTb 4>yHT0BB. 
y^HaTB 6hjio HejibBH! OnaioHOMiH... botb laKaa! 

H Mapbfl HBanoBHa paasoAHJia pyKaMH na apoiHHB. 

— BaMBfiH noiixaiB noK.JioHHTbca Mom;aM'B CBaioro ciapua 
Cepa(|)HMa CapoBCKaro, — coBiiTOBajia Ko.vraHAHpma. 

— H KaK'B-To ^iiixajia bb raaexaxi),— roBopmia Anna Jlapi- 
oHOBHa, BcxptTHBB B'B caAHK* TopCteBa, — Hxo KaKofi-xonxajib- 
ancKiM y^cHBiii hjih npo(|)eccop'B, y^Ki) He noMHio, HaoGp-fejiB 

CHBOpOXKy OXB PpyAHWX'B fiOJI'feSHefl. B0X1E> 6bl BaM'B nojili- 

Minbca. 

Topfi-feeBB xyno cjiymajii) cob^xh h Moji^ajiB. EMy cxano- 
EiLHOCB xaxcejio o6meHie cb JiiOAbMH, pasroBopN, o6a3axejibHbie 
yjjFjSKH, pyKonoxcaxia. Kor^a ciiAtinib oa^hb y ceGa AOMa bb 
KDMHaxi, K oKHa saB'feniaHW xeMHbiMn saHaBfecKaMH, — KaJKexcn, 
HTo He xaKTb xaacejio. HoaxoMy ohb cxapajica p'feace noKaabiBaxbcn 
JiiOAHMB H Bce AyMaJi-B, AyMaji-B Cea-B KOHua. 

HoHBK) ero 6HJia JiHXopaAKa, nyjibCB A'^'^ajica cjia6HH, KaKB 
y omuieHKa, AyuiHJiB KamejiB. 

HyacHO, AyMaJiB OHTb, notxaxB k-b cneu,iajiHcxy nocoB'fexo- 
Baxbca. HaiuH Bpanw iijioxh. 

— KoHeHHO, no'feasKaii k-b npo^eccopy,— CKaaajia acena, cb 
GeaaoKOHcxBOMB cJitAHBmaa aa Ghctpnmb paa'BiiiieM'B dojiia- 

HH.— npO(|)eCCOp'B, HaBtpHO, nOCOBtTVeXB HX0-HH6yAB. 



C T :b H M. 9 

B-B TOTB ace AGHb TopfiteB-B oTupaBUJicH B-B rytfepHCKift 
ropoAi*. 

npo(|)eccopi> QujTB no^HJioft, cosepmeHHO Jiucufi, ToacTuii 
ciapHK'B CB JiHUOM'B pasdoraT-feBiuaro, cuiaro fiypacyn. Oh-b 
jiiOJiro omynHBajn* 6oJiBHoro, BHCJiyrnHBaji-B, XHWejio conn u 

He rOBOpa HH CJIOBa. noXOM'B nOJIOHCHJlX MOJIOTO^eK'B, OTfCU«yJICfl 

Ha cuHHRy KpecJia h CKasaJTB 3arpo6HHM^ rojiocoMT>: 

— nofemaflTe BT> JlJiTy, He xepfla BpeMeHH. 

OffB Ha^aJi'B paacKasHBTB, hto nyatHo jtijiaTB b-b fljirt, 

HaSHBaJI^ AOKTOpOB'B, Kb KOTOpHMTb HyMCHO oCpaTHTBCfl. Hto6h 

BHnojiHHTB Bce 3T0, HyjKHO 6hjio He MeHte THCflHH pyfijiefi, 
KOTopHX'B y TopO'feeBa He Sujio. 

— 9to 6e3noJie3HMe coBiTti, — npepBaJii* TopfiteBB, Ha4H- 
msi cepAHTbca.— y mchh h^tb cpeACTBT). 

— B-B TBKOM'B cjiyHat, — cKaaaji-B npoc|)eccop'B, noaHHMaa 
(5poBH, — nocTynafixe b-l canaTopiio. TaMB ecib CeaaJiaTHHH 
Mtcra. 

Oh-b cA'feJiaji'B eme nicKOJibKo yKaaamft, kotophh 6hiJin 

MBHO HaB-feCTHH TopfiteBy, H yMOJIK'B, JiaBaH nOHHTB, HTO BH- 
3HTB KOHHeHTj. 

Kor^a TopOieB'B BHmejn> na yjiaay, cojinqe cB-fexfljio npKO, 
Becejio CTyiajiH KOJieca 3Knnaaceft, etatajiH Ky;^a-To jibdot, 
KHH-fejia acu3HB, a bi> rpyAH 6tuio TaK7> rtcHo, cepAi^e cxyqajio 

TaK-B MyHHTCJIBHO, H OTKyAa-TO IIS-B TJiyCHHU BHriJIMBaJI-B 

rposHHH BonpocB «H3HH H CMepxa. Be^epoM-B OH'B noixaji-B 
oCpaiHo, pa3CTpoeflHHH .h eme eoji-fee fiojiBHofl. Jlfiuh eny no- 
Ka3ajiocB Bce tockjihbo h npoTHBHO. 3a okhomx, Ha yjiHut, 
pad^aBaJiCH 360HRi& CM'bxx ^enn, KOTopaa KOKeinnqaJia cb 

HyfiyKOBCKUM'B. 

— a He JiK)6w£eJih coBpeMeHHOH JiHTepaxypH, — roBopnjiB 
rojiocB HydyKOBCKaro. — TojicTofi Hcnucajicn, HexoB-B nninerB 
nycTaHKH... 

— A IlymKUH'B?— cKasaJi'B rojiocB Jleno^KH.— Mh* yacacHO 
HpaBHTCH IlymKHH'B. BoT'b, uanpHM'ip'b, ^FepoS namero Bpe- 
MeHH**... 

— j^a, HO 9T0 CTapHU HHCaTeJIB. OH'B B^AB yMcpB... 

— Axi), Aa! H H 8a6faiJia, — nocatuiujia nonpaBHTBca Jle- 
flo^Ka. 

TopOieB'B CB cHJioii 3axJiouHyjn> okho h JiePB bx nocTeJib. 
OcoCeHHo tociuihbo 6wjio ho'ibk), KorAa caMH co6oh npHXOAHJin 

MHCJIH TOfl HeH38liAaHH0fi TbM'fe, KOTOpaH OHCHAaeTB HaCB 

bt> MorHJit. OffB acHo npeAcxaBHJi'b cboh noxopoHH, cB-fequ, 
ni^BHHX'B, JiHi^o CBameHHHKa.. Cxpaxi* oxBaxuBajiB ero cb 
ro;ioBH AG HorB, sacxaBJiJiH BCKaKHBaxB cb iiocieaa u saacii- 
raxB cBtny. 

— HeyacejiH a ynpy?— Ay^ajii) OH'B, xBaxaacb aa nyjiBCB. — 



10 BHUECJiAB'b APTEMbEBTi. 

He MomeT'B 6mbl He MO^eii) 6uTh\ Kanie nycTaKH. 3to npo- 
CTO paacxpoeHH HepBH. 

■qT06H ycnOKOHTBCfl, OH'b fipajI'B KHHry H HHTaJI'b MHCJIH 

jiBOAeft, KOTopjbie AaBHo yMepjiH, h KOTopHe TaKi) ace, KaKi* h 
OH'B, TepaajiHCb MHCJibK) CMepTH, HHTaacb pasptLnuTb 9Ty 
BtHHyK) aaraAKy. 

„fl npHineji'B ki> HeHapymHMOMy yeiHCAeHico,— HHTajii> OH'b, — 

HTO CMepTH HiT'B, HTO HCHSHb HC M03Ken> 6UTb HHaH, KaK'B 

Bi'iHaH, HTO 6e3KOHeHHHtt nporpeccb ecib aaKOH'b musHH, ^ito 
BCflKaa cnocofiHOCTb, BcaKBJi MHCJib, BCHKoe cTpeMJieaie, bjio- 
meHHoe bt> mqesl, aoji^cho hm^tb cBoe npaKTHHecKoe paasnTie, 
'iTO MH o6jiaAaeM'b HAeaMBr, mhcjihmh, CTpeMJieniflMH, KOTopbia 
najieKo npeBocxoA^TTb bosmohchocth nameH aeMHofl mchshh, hto 
caMHH TorB (|)aKTi>, HTO Mbi o6JiaAaeM'b hmh h He MO^KeMx npo- 
cjrfeAHTb Exi> npoHcxoacAenie oti* HamaxTb nyBCTB'B, cjiyaKorB 
jiOKaaaTejibCTBOM'B Toro, hto ohh npHxoAarB bi. nacb u3'b o6- 
.lacTH, HaxoAflni;eHCfl BH'fe aeMJiH h MoryT'B 6HTb ocymecTBiTMBi. 
TOJibKO BHt ea, HTO HH'iTO He norii6HerL sjifkch na aeMJii, 

KpOMt (|)OpMl>, H HTO flyMaTb, 'ITO MH yMBpaeMl), nOTOMy HTO 

yMHpaeTTb nama (|)opMa,— Bce paBHO, hto AyMaib, hto paGoTHHK'B 
yMepi), noTOMy hto opyAin ero hbhochjihcb". 

Top6'feeB'B nojioacHJi'B KHHry h ao yipa paBMhiin.uHJi'b HaA'B. 

STVlWb MtCTOMl). 

XVIL 

— CaMoe 6oJibuioe, eny ociajiocb acHTb ipn ahh, — cKa3ajii> 
KaKij-TO B'b noJiKOBofi: KanuejiapiH MJiaAuiitl Bpam* Barnepi). 

— HeyacejiH nirb naAeacAH?— cnpamaBajiH KpyroMi), h:bx 
STHXTb Bonpocaxi> cjiHmajiacb aaTaeHHaa paAocTb, hto 3to He 
ohh CoJibHH, He OHH yMHpaiOT'L, HTO OHH eiii;e AOJiro, AOJiro, 
MOHcerB 6uTb, AecaTKn ji'feT'b 6yAyT'b schtb h nacjiamAaTbCH 

HCHBHbD. 

— Hto-:kt>, Bcfe noMpeM-B,— CKaBajix Hmi*, KOTopHfi roBO- 

pHJI'B HCKJIK)HHTeJIbHO BChWh H3B'bCTHbIfl, HOOCnopHMNH Beni;H, 

— yMHpaib B'b TaKHXij jrfeiax'b, KorAa nweHHo naAo acHTbl — 
CB HeoAo6peHieM'B saM'bTHJi'B KOMaHAHp-B nojiKa. 

H Bci 5KajitJiH TopeteBa xojioahoii, paBHOAyuiHofi atajiocTBK) 
AajieKHx-B, nocTopoHHHxi, JiBOAeK, AJia KOTopux'B nojioacuTejiBHo 

6e3pa3JIHHH0, HTO TAt-TO KaK-B-TO yMHpaeT'B „HeJIOB'feK'b". 

ysHaB-B, HTO Topdiesy Majio ocTajiocB acHTb, Kojih BamneB'B 
BApyrB, no KaKOtt-To coBepmenHo HeoeiiacnHMofi npn^HHt, 
ptniHJTB HeMeAJieHHO naB-fecTHTb ero, xoth ohh c^HTajiHCb B'b- 
ccopt H He paaroBapHBajiH hohth b-b npoAOJiaceme roAa, 

— HeMHOHCKO CTpaHeH-B CyAerB MOft BH3HT'b, — AyMavTb 

Kojia,— HO H He Mojry nociynHTb nna^ie. 



C T £ U Bl. 11 

j^McTBHTeJiBHo, npH BiiA^ ero JleuoHKa TaKT> paciepHJiacb, 
^To He 3Hajia, o leMi) roBopHTb a Kyjia rjinjiixb. 

— JtaBHO Bu y HacT> He Ohjih, — CKasajia ona KpacH'feji, xoth 
owh eme HH pasy He 6ujii> y hmxT). 

— 51 npauiejit HaBtcTHTB Cauiy,— cKaaaJii) owl, uhckojibko 
He CMymaach. fjihrr eft iipHMO bI) rjiaaa. 

Oh'b cMOTp'feji'B Ha JleHOHKy h He HcnHTHBaji'B Tenepb hh 
TiHH npeKHaro 'lyBCTsa Kh Heft, to'iho nepefl-b hhmij CToaJia 
He JleHOHKa, a »eHiii;HHa, KOTopyio OH'b bha'^^JTb bii nepButt 
padi* Bi> acHBHH. 

— Ewy oHeHb njioxo,— CKaaaaa ona cb BapaacenieMT) atx- 
CKaro cTpaxa. — IIpoflAHTe. 

KoJia BomejTb bT) KOMHaxy 6oJibHoro, ra* CToaji-b yaymjia- 
BHfl aanax-b orb jieKapcTB'b, h nyib ne BCKpHKHyjii). Offb He 
BHatjTb TopC'feeBa xpn M'bcai^a h xenepb Hamejix, hto hh ofl- 
Hoft npeaneft Heptbi He ociajiocb Bt btom'b Jinq* 6eai> Kpo- 
bhhkh. 

nepefli Kojieft CH^tJi'B cropfijieHHHft, Kaaajiocb, mecTH^e- 

CflTHJT&THifi CTapHK'b Cly CyXHMH, KaR-b HaJIKH, TOpHaiII,HMH BO- 

.locaMH H orpoMHUMH FJiasaMH, Ha koTopue ynce CMepib najio- 
:KHJia CBOK) nenaTb. Ohii bhi^b^jih h iiorepajiH fijiecK'b. Oh'b 
uieBeJiHJi'b najibuaMH, nepeOapaa npocTHHK). 

npH BHA* KojiH OH'b He yOTBHJica, He o6paA0Bajica, to^ho 

OHH BH/I'fejmCb TOJIbKO BHCpa. OH'b KHBHyJI'b TOJIOBOft, HOKaau- 

Baa Ha cTyji'b, CToaBuiift paAOM-b, h cicasaJTb xpnnjiHM'b, npe- 
pfaiBaK)iiiHMca monoTOMi}: 

— BoTb... TOJIbKO... HeMHOHtKo HonpaBJiiocb... ceft^acx me 
notjiy... Ha KyMHCb. Mn^fe lenepb y;Ke SHa^viTeJibHo... Jiynme... 
TojibKo BOT'b... HepBH... KaKoe 6h cpencTBO... oT'b nepBOB'b? 

KoJia HyTb He sanjiaKaji'b otb acaJiocxH h, ^to6ii cKaaaxb 
HT0-Hu6y;ib, npoHBHecb: 

— 3afiMHTeCb KaKHM'b-HHCyjtb JIK)6HMHM'b ^-bjIOMX. 

— JIioeHMUM-b A'fenoM'b?..— MamiinajibHo noBTopHJi'b Topet- 
eBT>, BHAHMo He noHHMaa cjioB-b. — Xo^y... BnpHCKHBaTb Ty6ep- 
KyjiHHT>,— Hepes'b ciiJiy npomenTaJi'b OH'b. — FoBopaTb, KaKoft- 
TO... HTajibaacKift... y^eHbifi... 

IlponiJia B'b MOJi^aniH xoMHTejibHaa MHHyTa. 

— IIjioxo mh'6, hjioxo, — B^pyrb CKaaaji'b 6ojibHoft ch OT^aa- 
HieM-b B'b rojioc*.— BtpHo, CKopo yMpy. ^a... yMpyl 

Kojia BsajTb ero aa pyKy, ciapaacb no^aBHTb BOJineHie, 
rjiOTaa cjiesH, ii xaKi) CHA'feJi'b it'feJiHft nacb, noKa TopSteBT) 
He 3a6biJica. 

BHCBOeOAHB'b OCTOpoaCHO pyKy, OH'b Ha IXHHOHKaX'b Bbimeji-b 
HS-b KOMHaTH, BBBOJIHOBaHHblfl H nOTpaceHHHft. 

Kor^a Ha catayjomift Aenb BamneB-b npHmejn> na KBap- 
THpy TopC'feeBa, to eu;e hb'b nepeaneft yBHfl'feji'b rpofi-b, B'b 



12 Bfl^EClAB'B APIEMBSBX. 

KOTopoM'B Jieacajio to Heno^BHMCHoe, HHepTHoe h cTpamnoe, bo 
HTO nocji'b cMepTH oCpamaeTca HejiOBtRTb. 

JIhiio y noKOfltHHKa 6hjio BaJKHoe, cTporoe, KaK'b y CBa- 
Toro. JleHO^nca cb onyxmHMH, KpacHHMH rjiasaMH CH^tJia y 
CTOJia H, noBHAHMOMy, HHKoro He BHA'feJia. noflBHJiHCb Kaicia-To 
AB-fe HeBHaKOMHa cTapyxH Toro THna, eesTb KOTopHxi* He 06x0- 

AflTCfl HH OflHi nOXOpOHH. 

— BHKymaft KO(|)eeHKy,— npiicTaBajia Kt Jleno^Ki OAHa vlst> 
HHX'B.— ^a nonjia^iB, nonjia^b, Jierne 6yjs,QTh. 

— IIOKOfiHHHeK'L TaKX H yMCpi) BO Cfli, — TOBOpHJia Apy- 

raa, oSpamaacB ktb Kojii. — Bee -fexaTB co6Hpajica ao caMaro 
KOHi^a. TenepB ero AynieHBKa sa^cb BHTaex-B cb naMH... CopoKi) 
AHeflt, copoKi) HOHefi laK'B eyAerB Bce BHTaxB... HaMy^HJica, 
<3epAemHHH. A KaKT), b'6ab, yMapaiB-TO ne xot4ji'b! 

EoxopoHH TopfiieBa 6hjih oficxaBjieHM cb Heo6hi4awHO^ Top- 
acecTBeHHOCTBK), Kd^Kh 6yAT0 nocjit CMepTH eMy cpasy xorfijiH 
OTAaTB Bce TO, Hero oh-b ne nwhji'b npn 3kh3hh. 

KOMaHAHp'B nOJIKa 6hJI'B 60JIBm0^ JIlOGHTeJlB BCHKOft nOMHH. 

XopoHHTB Koro-HH6yAB 6hjio AJia Hero BHcmee yAOBOJiBCTsie. 
TorAft owb coBepmeHHo npeofipaHcajica, repaji-B cbok) cojiha- 
HOCTB H fieaii oTAHxa xJionoiaji'B. Oh'b eirajiTb to h jsfkno na 
KBapTHpy noKOjaHHKa, oTxyAa b'b i^epKOBB, hsx AepKBH bI) KaH- 
AejiapiK), RS'h KaHHieJiflpiH na KJiaA6Hiii,e. AAi>K)TaHrB, ct> nopT- 
^ejieMi) noAMHUiKOH, HHKaK'B He Morii noHMaxB btb tot'b a^hb 
nojiKOBHHKa AJia noAHHCH BamHHX'B CyMar^B. 

— OTeriix AHApe]^, — CKaaaji'B KOManAHpi), bxoah b'b aji- 
TapBj—a HaAfeioCB, hto cKopo npHOyAeT'B AyxoseHcrBO? 

Ha jiHA'fe OTi;a AHApea noaBHJiocB BapaateHie HeAoyMiniH. 

— KaKOM-B AyXOBeHCTBt HBBOJIHTe TOBOpHTB, rOCHOAHH'B 
nOJIKOBHHK'B? — CnpOCHJI'B fiaTIOHIKa. — B^AB, nOCKOJIBKy MH'k 
HBBtCTHO, B'B HOJIKy H OAHHTj. 

— Ka... KB? nOHeMy H^TB AyXOBeaCTBa? — BCKHH'fejI'B nOJI- 
KOBHHK'B. — ^to6h 6hjio! ^to6h HeMeA^ienno 6hjio, h B'b noji- 
HOMT) o6jiaHeHiH! 

— Ho... TA'fe ^e ero b3h:b? 

— FA'fe BBflTB? — nojiKOBHHKT> Ha MHHyTy saAyMaoica.— BOT'B 
hto mh CA^JiaeMTi. KanHTaH-B Hm^B, no-fesmaiaTe ceft^acB :Ke b'b 
ropoA'B B'B Moefi KOJiacK'fe H npirrjiacHTe Bcfcx'B CBflni;eHHHKOB'B, 
Kanie ecTB. Jlfl. hto6h B'b nojinoM'B o6jiaHeHiH... CKaacHTe, hto 
KOMaHAHp-B nojiKa... HoHajiH? 

— TaK-B TOHHO. 

— Ce^qaci* Mce no'feB^a^Te. SnaeTe, OaTioniKa, htoO'b noTop- 
atecTBeHH'fefl. Ham-B renepaji-B oyAeT'B b'b BocTopr'fe. Oh'b, b^ab, 

JIK)6hT'B 3T0. BOT'B, VBHAHie CaMH, KaK'B OH'B GvAeT-B aobo- 

JieHt... 

H KOMaHAHpTb no6'feHaji'B na KjiaAfinnjce. 



C T £ H U. 13 

— JiflURR-he poHxe Morajiy, — roBopHJTb ohT) coflflaraM'B.— IIo- 
ROUHHR'B 6ujrh 6oJiBinoro pocTa. 

noxopoHH, AMcTBHTejiBHo, BumjiH BBjiHKOJitnHHH. Ilorpe- 
OajiBHofl KOJiecHHi^i npeAnrecTBOBajiii xopt MysHKaHTOB'b h 

lop's ntBHHXt Bl HOBHX'B CyKOHHHX'b KOCTDMaX'B Cl> HaUlHB- 

HHMH rajiyHaMH, UyCjiHKH 6hjio MHomeciBO. Bc'feM'b xoxtJiocs 
nocjiymaTb MysHKy, He;^aBHO paayHHBmyio hobhA noxopoHHHft 
Mapini), H nocMOTp'^Tb Ha p'^AKyio uepeMoniio. fi^oBa uiJia aa 
rpo6oirb k no BpeMenaifB hhko BCRpiiKHBaJia. Ee noiuepsiCH- 
BajiH Jiojx'h pyKH HniTb h Ojidihh'b. 

KojiH aaxoAUJi'B noneMy-To HeecrecTBeHHUMH qtr rphrh... 

— npHTBopaeiCii, — jiyuhJVh ohi>. — IIjia^erB, rphhhtb, a, 
HeCocB, TpaypT> Ha nxjiHny ne 3a6HJia HauinHib. 

Oht* Brjia^HBaJica Bt jihuo JlenoHRH h HaxoAHJix lenepb 

B-b HeMl> HepXH, ROTOpHX'b paHbHie He BHA'feJI'b. JlHUiO Chjio 

RpacHBoe, HO cyxoe h «ecTRoe. H oH'b naMHHaji'b nyBCTBOBaxb 
Ri» ueA ^[To-To B7> poA'b HeHaBHCTH, BcimMHHaH esi uejia^u cb 

nOROfiHHROM'b, ROTOpHX'b dHaJIl> BCCb HOJIKX. OH'b CMOTp'fejI'b 

Ha uee, KaRi> Ha pHcynoR'B, QjxfbJisLRRUti hmi> caMUM'b b'b jiIm- 
CTB*. Toraa Bce HapHCOBaHHoe RaaaJiocb H^^eajibHHM'b, ho botb 
OH'B BHpocb H yBHA'fejrb TeHcpb BTO caMOB H3o6paoKeHie, Ha 
ROTopoMi> jEioM'B OuJTB RpHBofi, Rpuma He Ha M'bCT6, a HeJIO- 
B'hKb, cTOHmifl paflOMT*, pocTOM-B Bbime noMa, H Raaajiocb ne- 
noHflTHHM^. iioneMy 3Ta RapxuHRa xaR'B npaBHJiacB npeacAe. 

Tenepaji'B cyeijiHEO 6'feraji'B BBaa-B h Bnepejix, jitjiajiii aa- 
M'&HaHifl^ nonpaBJiajTB y cojmax'B aMMyHHi][iK> h cnpauiHBaji'B 
Ha xoAy ofiiisaHHocTH nacoBoro h paaBOAaniiaro. llo JiHuy ero 

6hJI0 BHAHO, HTO OH'B H'bM'B-TO O^eHb He^OBOJieH'B. KaRTi ORa- 

sajiocB rioTOM-B, — jiBn, hhxchhx'b nnna ne anajiH, bx 'leM'B co- 

CTOHTB BOHHCRaH AHCaHnJIHHa. 

OCpTO^b norpe(5eHia, thrhm'b oCpaaoM'B, yttajica ne BnojiHt, 

n KOMaHflHp'B CB rpyCTHUM'B, OCROpfiJieHHHM'B JIHIIOM'B HOmejTB 

AOMoft, AyMaa ropBRyio AyMy: 

— XjionoTaji'B, Tpy^njicflf, h Bce noniJio npaxoM-B nax-aa 
KaKHX-B-TO AByx'B MepsaBueB'Bl.. 



XVIII. 

B'B AeHb HMeHHffB 0^yp^OBa, ABaAi^axB mecToro HHBapa, 
BC* o(|)Hn.epH noJiRa, no asbho ycxaHOBHBnieMyca odHnaio, 
'j^anHJiH noaAP&BJiHTB HMeHHHHHRa CB AHeM'B anrejia. 

KoJia TOJibRo HTo Ha^aJTB ofijianaTBCfl bi> napaAHyio ^^opny, 
KaRi) noaBOHHJinb Ojioihh'b. 

— JI,aii-Ra nepeRycHTb, rojioAen'B, RaRi* co6aRa. HrpaJTB ce- 
roAHH B'B KJiy6'b n.'iwiyjo ho^b, Bce npocBHciaji'B. Hy, n acH8HB, 



14 bflqECJlAH'b APTtMbKbl.. 

HTo6u eft nycTo 6hjio. IIouiJiH-Ka aa noji6yTHJiKOH, a hotomI) 
aiua KT* Orypii;oBy OTHrpHBaTbca. A ecJiH He OTurparocB, ny 
Tor^a*,. Amhhb! npoBajiHJica, naTaHeKi>, cxynaH Ha MicTO, KaK-B 
1 imopHBajn> uanrL AocTonoHieHHHH nan's b-b y^HJiHiu.'b. Bon>, 
upait, fiHJi-L aKaeMnjiap-B. PtniHJiH mh eny paa^b u;'fejiHMT> KJiac- 
coM'b cTOJifia cAtJiaTB... BbiBHeacT-b oh-l na aMaMCHt nepBaro 
yTOHsiK^i, aanae.T'B ^KpemeHie PycH". A totb eMy h Hemen^: 
„Bii uapcTBOBanie AjieKcaHApa nepoaro BJIa;^aMip'l^ CBHioii 
ro6pa.ib BcixTb xpncTiaHi) h BeJitji'B hmT) bohth b-l Jla^^^at- 
cKoe o3epo"... /],al TaK-B bott>... hcm-b, 6Hinb, 9to^... 

H, sanHBaa boakoh, nepecKaKHBaa cb npcAMexa na npe^- 
MerB c-B JierKocTBK) MOTHjiBKa, OjiniHH'B 3a6ojiTajrB fieai) yMOJiKy. 

~ Th AyMaeniB, th oahhtj eojieni)? y nacB b-b nojiKy noHTH 
Bct fiojibHH. a a, u MaTyceBHH'B, m PaayrHH'B, h Slnrh, h Hy6y- 
KOBCKifi, HcaMi), roBoparB, KOMaH^Hp'B nojiKa. CjiobomT), Bcfe, Bcb. 
He fiojiBHH TOJiBKO ^eH^pHKH, fla h Tt, caMoe fiojibffloe, ro^'B, 
nojiTopa AepMcaTca, a hotom'b — o6in;aa y^iacTB. JKenHTbCH no 
aaKOHy HeJiBsa panbuie ABa^i^aTH BocbMH JitrB, a b^ab mh He 
MOHdXH, Bhji'b y HacB OAHHT) TaKOH HS^B apMHmeK'B. BoaJICH 
9Tofi 6oji'b3flH, a TeCt h nepe^aTB He Mory, KB,Kb. Cjiobom-b, 
^OH'B Ha aceHni;HHT> He CMOTpta'B n ao rpo6a hh cb oahoh) 
MojiBHTb cjioBa He xorfeji-B*... Ho Mfai Bcefi KOJiaerie]^ KaK^B-To 
HanoHJia ero ao noTepn coaHania h noBejin xyAa. II oht* ceQ- 
^acB me, cb nepBaro paaa, aapaanjica h notxaji'B b-b rocnn- 
xajib oTfiuBaTB noBHHHocTB. ^a, a Te6fe CKaacy, 6hjio CMixy... 

— ila BiiAb aio... 9T0 ace... BHcmaa noAJiocTb! — ne BHAep- 
3Kaji^ Kojia, H JIH^o ero HCKasHJiocB 3ao6oii. 

OjimiJH'B nepecTaji-B ateBaxb, cb yABBJieBieMX nocMoip'feji'B 
ua KojiK} n cRaBajn): 

— To ecTB, KaKaa ace noAJiocTB? H BHaio, th (|)iijioco(J)'b, ho sea 
TBoa (|jujioco(J)ia rpoma JioMaaaro He ctohtb. 3to go bc^mh 6h- 
BaeT-B B-B MoaoAHX'B roAax-B." aaHOCHTca ^lejioB'bK'B bI) He6eca 
n aficfaioTHo nepeciaerB noHHMaxB ofibiAeHHyio atwanb. 51 xoxce 
6ujiiy ^iAHO BpeMa B'b poA* xe6a. ^HxaJii* BcaKaro poAa KHHra, 
poMaHu.„ Ott> HiKoxopHX'B Hsi* HHX'B upaMo CB yida cxo- 
Aujitj.^. Ho noxoM-B ocxhji'b h noHaJix, hxo Bce b'b hux-b 6e3- 
KOiieHHo AaJieKO OTX HauieM o6ep'B-o4)Hii;epcKOH mH3HH. Sa^hM'B 
3T0 MHt? Hy, cnpaniHBaexca, san'feM'B a 6yAy ^luxaxB, nanpii- 
Mlip'Bj „IIexep6yprcKia xpymoOu"? HcnpasHX'B jih axa KHHra 

MOH) iKiI3HB, BHeceXl> JIH HT0-HH6yAb B'B MOJ& BHyxpeHHifi Mip^? 

H Bce Taiti> me 6yAy nMXb BOAKy, Hrpaxb B'B mxoccB h xoahxb 
K% meuinHHaM'B. 

— ^a, xe6a ne npomn6emb HHKaKUMn „nexep6yprcKaMH 
xpymofiaMH"! — noAyMaji-B Koaa, cb npeBp'fenieM'B h hohth ne- 
HaBHCTbio rjiHAa na OjimHHa. 

— FoBopax-B,— npoAOJixcaji-B Ojiuihh'b,— xaM'B, mojix, ohhch- 



j 



C T li H U. 15 

saeTca acHSHb Bcfext KJiaccoBt ofimecTBa. ^a B'hjih a caM'B ee 
He xyate anaio, xoth, MomerB 6HTb, h He uorb 6h paacica- 
8aTB JiHTepaiypHo. Bi» „neTep6yprcKHX'B Tpymo6axi>' ecTB, 
HanpHMtp-B, KaKaa-TO A^BHaa, KOTopaa nonajia cjiyiafiHo b'b 
j^OM'B TepnHxMocTH H He MoaceTB OTxyAa BHpBaTBca. H Bisjx'hji'b 
H 3HaK) BemB yatacHie aroa. H caM'B BsajTB OAHy aenmuHy 
H3i> TaKoro AOMa, aanJiaraji'B eii xoaafiKt h a^jiI) en Aenerij 
Ha Aopory, hto6h OHa KHHyjia CBoe peMecjio (9To 6HJia cob- 
cfeMi* lonaa a'i^ByniKa, hohth jimta). M, b-b peayjibTarh, nepes'L 
Majmfi npoMe2KyTOKi> BpeMenn, a namejiB ee bb tom'B »e 
AOM'fe! Ofla npeflno«iJia BecTH JierKyio «h3hb npocxHTyxKH. B'B 
TOM'B ae poMaat crapHiCB-Tanep'B AOJiateH'B nrpaxB B'B oahom'b 

HS'B TaKHX'B ^HOMOB'B, BB TO BpCMfl KaK^B XyiTj MCe HaCHJiyiOTB 

ero ;a[0^«iB. A a 3Hajii> oTua, KOTopuH KJianajiCH MH'b B'B noacb 
H noAasajTB najiBxc aa to, h'to a Ohji-b y ero AonepH m 
flaJTB efi OTaAUaTB KonteK'B. H homhio, Mena KorAa-To yaacajia 
rpasB H nonjiocTB «h3Hh; a xenepB a paBHOAyxneH-B. A yfita- 
ACH'B, HTo caMaa jiyqmaa atnaHb— Ta, bb Koxopoii mo;kho nocBa- 
THTB ce6a a6cojiK)THOMy cnoKoficxBiro. Ho TaK'B KaicB aCcojiJOX- 

HOe fleB03M03KH0, TO Hy)KHO CXpeMHTBCH KB OTflOCHTeJIBHOMV, 

BoAKa, KapTH H aeHUiiHHH coKpaii^aiOTB naM'B CHCxpoxeKynufi 

OnUTB »H3HH, KaK'B CKasaJI'B KaKOH-XO nOaX'B HJIU (|)HJIOCO(|)B. 

il36aBH Bor'B pacnycKaxB xpHJiBa n 3aH0CHTbca B'B aooSjian- 
HHe Kpaa. 

— OAHaKO nopa, — cnoxBaxHJica Ojuhhh'b, npepHBaa noTOKi> 
CBoero KpacHop#Hia. — 3HaemB hto, — CKaaaJi-B oh-b secejio, 
rjiaAa npaMo B'B rjiaaa Kojit, — rjiasHaa-xo u;bmy Moero nocfe- 
meEia cji'bAyK>n];aa: ne MomemB jih th oaoji«utb mh'j^ BsafiMU... 
aTaK-B CB AecaTOK'B p>6jieja? HyatHO oTHrpaxbcal 

HepeffB noji'iaca KBapTupa Orypi^oBa HanoJiHHJiacB o<|)mte- 
paMH. Hpi'j^xaji'B Aa»e caMB KOManAup'B, KaK'B BcerAa, cyxoH, 
MOJiqajfflBHfi, AepesaHHHfl, nocHA'fe.a'B MOJina AecaTB MHflyrB h 
TaKJKe MOJina yfexaji-B. 

nocji* ero orBtsAa na^iajiacB ofiHHHaa ci^ena o6«opcTBa 
CHTHxi* H npaaAHux-B jiDAeH. 0(|)H^epH, to^ho HHKorAa He 
tBnde xoponrHx-B saKycoK'B, HanapaJiH Apyn> Ha Apyra, npo- 
coBHBaa pyKH k'b CTOJiy Hepea-B tojiobh 6jiHate cToamaxt, 
ofijfflBajiH HXT) lioAKofi, KanajiH coycoM'B na MyHAnpH, cn-fe- 
niHJiH acenaxB, hto6h aacynyxB B'B poTB hobhA KycoKB, nacTy- 
najiH Ha hoph h TOJiKaJiHCB jioKxaMH. 

Hy6yK0BCKifi hto-to paacKasHBaji'B, c^ HeofiHHauHHMB oata- 
BJieHieMTb atecxHKyjiHpya. Kojia npacjiyinajica. 

— flBJiaexca ko mh* hcha'b MHHE^ecB,— roBopHJi-B oh'b,— a 
Tpe6yexT> Aener-B, Aa eme KaK'B naxajibHo. H, roBopHT'b, noji- 
roAa acAy. H, SHueTc, noasajiB Asyx-B B'fecxoBHX'B h coBep- 
meHHO cepBesHHM'B tohom'b npHKaaajiB noAB-fecHTB ero kb 



16 BanECJlABTb APTEMLEB'B. • 

noTOJiKy 3a JiaMnoBHfl KpioneKt. Botb Hcnyrajic^i-TO Moft 
mnji'hl BoTL 6HJia noTtxa!.. 

— 9to hto, — CKasajix OjimiiHi), — a bot-b a B'h nponiJiOM'B 
rojiy aameji'B b'b cHHarory, cJiHmy — KaHTop-B bobt-b hto-to 
ifiHciyjioft, a a KaKX rpanyji'B pyccKHM'B CacoMx: ^rpaAH, rpsijivL, 
rojiy6Hi^e Moal"— Bcb, KaKi jihctbh, nocHnajiHCB... BoT-BTjinHKa 
MacTep'B Ha 3th miyKH 6ujrb. 

— A rjxh Tenepb FnHHRa? — cnpocHJTB KamTanoBi). 

— BHCTaBHJiH. B'B sanac^ j^ojimewh 6um> bhSth. 
-- 3a ^To? 

— J}fi. KaKTi-To Bx nBflHOMi* B)iji% 6yAyHH Ae«ypHHM'B no 
nojiKy, BHBBajTB Kapayji'B h nocxpoHJTB ero nonepeK-B yJiHUbi, 
ETi poji'fe, BHaexe, sacTaBH, h HHKoro ne nycKaerB hh BBaAi*, hh 
Eiiepe;!.!). CKOMaHAOBaJiB jhouhmb ^na pyKy**, a caMTb BMHyji-B 
mamKy h xaHHiyerB no yjinq-fe xpenaKa. Bca nojiaiUa na hofh 
no^^Hfljiacb, caM-B HcnpasHHK'B npiixajiTb yroBapusaxB,— HHiero 
HB noMoraexB. KpH^HXB: „3apy6jiK)!** h KoneniB. IIoKa caMTb 
KOMaHAHpij nojiKa He npitxaji'B, — oht* bbcb ropo^'B bb ocajEi'fc 
A^patajiB. 

— ^a, 9X0 a noHHMaiol — cb BOCXoproM'B cKaaaji-B Kain- 

TaiIOBT>. 

— Hxo-acB, rocnoAa, — npepsaji-B OjirnHHi), BHHHMaa h3t> 
Kapiiana n cb xpecKOBTB pacnenaxHBaa Koao;^y KapxT>,— npH- 
CTyniiM'B... 

ny6jiHKa aameBejiHJiacB h nanajia hoaxootxb kb pacKpa- 
TOMy JioMGepHOMy cxojiy. % 

OxKyja;a-xo BffpyrB noasHJiHCB xpn coBcfeM'B mojioahxI) j^-fe- 
BvniKH, HB'B KoxopHXTb caMoft cxapmcH 6HJI0 He Cojite ceMHaA- 
uaiH jiixT). 

— S^paBCXByH, Myxa, — CKaaaJi'B OaniHH'B, b'b A^caxB mh- 
HyTTi yace ycntBrnift onaxB npoarpaxBca. — Hxo HOBaro uoni> 

.lyHOH? 

Myxa aacM-feajiacb, o6Ha3KHB'B fiji-feAHwa AecHM. 

— MoxcHo BacB noutjiOBaxB?— Bflpyr'B coBepmeHHo HeoxcH- 
AaHHO o6paxHjiacB kb Koji'fe o^na hb'b A'feBymeKB. 

KoJia cK0H(|)y3HJica h Hu^ero ne oxstxajTB. 

^-feByniKa, npHHaBX MOJinaHie 3a oxKaax, oxomJia cb rpycx- 
HHM^ jiHu;oMi> H cfejia Ha ittHBanx, He cBo;ia raaa-B cb Kojih, 
KOTopHH eii, BHOTMO, oHeHB HOHpaBHJica. Bcbx'B xpexi) 6Hcxpa 
nanoHJiH, h oni, KpacHwa, pacxpenanHtia, san-fejiH hxo-xo neno- 

HflTHOe AHKHMH, HBAHMMH TOJIOCaMH. JifiyTb yBBJIH BB COCfeA- 

Bin KOMHaxH, a Myxa ckua Kh OjiuiHHy Ha KoaiHH. 

— Eoh!— npHKaaaji'B Ojioihh'b. 

— Hxo »ce a Sy^y ntxB? H ne yMtio. 

— nofi, xe61^ roBopaxT). 

Myxa noAyMajia h B^pyrx aaxanyjia: 



r 



C T % H U. 



17 



— Xji'66'i> ch Ma-cjiaMT)! xJii6T> cb Ma-cjiaM'B! xji'66'b c% 

UhCJlSLWbl. 

Bcb sacMi^JiHCB. 

— ^To ace 9T0 8a ntcna?— cnpocHJix Ojiiiihh'b. 

— TaKan nicHa,— oTB^THJia Myxa. 

— Hy, — CKaaajTB OjiniHH'B, cCpacHBaa ee cb KOJiiBTB, — 
pasA'i^BafiGH. 

— KaK-B? Sji^ch pasTiiBaTBca?— yaHBHJiacB Myxa.— 3ji;tcB 
He xoHy. 

— PasjiiBafica, Tefit roBoparBl— KpHKHyji'B jihkhm'b rojro- 
coMx OjiraHH'B, TonHyBt Horofi. 

Myxa Hcnyrajiacb, h pyKH ea caMH co6oft naqajiH paBBnaw- 
Baxb mnypKH. 

— CKOpM!— KpHKHyjI'B OH-B OIMTB. 

Ona c6pocHJia Ko^To^Ky, lodKy, KopcerB h ocTajiacB bt. 
onHoft pyeamKi. Bet cb jiid6oiihtctbom'b cji^otjih 8a aroii 
cueHofl, CpocHB-B fla»e arpy. 

— H py6amKy!— KpHKHyjiTb OjimHffB. 

Myxa sacTHflHJiacB h ckna Ha OTBanx, cb tockoA orjwflw- 
BaflCB KpyroiTB, KaKx saipaBJieHHaa co6aqoHKa. 

— Cthaho, — THXO npomenrajia ona. 

— BoTB H-faKHOCTH! Te6'h roBopaTB, CHHMad pyOamKy, 
CHHMaft, cyKHHa ;^oHB! 

Ho OHa He cHHMajia. Tor^a ohtb nowmeji'B kx nei h, cxsa- 
THBT* 3a BopoTB, pasopBajTB HOJioTHo CBepxy flO HH8y. COBep- 
meHHO o6HaxcHB'B t6jio. Myxa BCKpHKnyjia h saKpujiacB py- 

RaMH. 

npoHBoniJia ;iHRaH, HeB'^poflTHan cqena. JI^Ba ^ejioB'6'ie- 
CKHX^ ,TfeJia KaTajiHCB no nojiy h puqajiH, cnjieraacB b'b necT- 
pwfi KJiyCoKx. Hhtb xoxoTajii, KaKx cyMacI^e;^mifi, cxBaraB- 
niHCB pyKaifH aa acHBorB, OTKHHyBmncB Ha cnnnKy cxyjia. 

— Xa-xa-xal Xo-xo-xol— rpoxoiajTB oh-b. 

OcxajiBHHe CMymeHHO yjiHCajracb. XoTa bc6 naBHO npH- 

BBIKJIH BHJttTB paBHOflyniHO BCflKy© MepBOCTB, HO HOCTynOKl. 

OjinmHa eHJi-B Hy^^oBHmHO-HeBtpoaTeHX. 

— He^o;^afi! MepaaBei^'B!— Bnpyn> BaBBeH^JTB nerojiyromifi, 
noHTH njianynufi rojiocB. Bee Bpena otkoh caeHti cnasMH 
cHCHMajiH BamaeBy ropjio, h oh-b naxoflHjica bi KaKOM-B-To 
ctoji6hhk'6, KOTopHfi MtmajTB eMy rOBOpHTB H A^iiCTBOBaTb. 

Bcfe oCepnyjiHCb. Bcb cpaay OTpesBiin. HejiOBKoe MOJi^anii? 
BOUapHJIOCB B'B KOMHarfe... 

— Mep3aBei^T>! — hobtophji-b Kojw, HanpaBJiaacB kx bh- 
xofly. — Jlfl, H BU Bcb He jiyqme... 

Moji'iaaie 6ujio eiii;e pas'B eny otb'^tom'b, ho, KaKx tojibko 
OH'B BumejTB 3a7][BepB, bc6 paaoMX saroBopHJiH. 

IiOJib. OTAtjrb I. 2 



18 Bfl1E(yiABT> APTEMLKBb. 

— MajibHHmKa aasHaJica. Ho 9To eMy Henpofi^eTB AapoMt! — 
CKasaJi'B HaAyBinificH, kek'b HHAtficKifl: irfexyxt, Siurh. 

HacaMx Ki> mecTH yTpa Bci noHTz paaoniJiHCB, KpoMi H*fc- 

CKOJIBKHX'B SaBSflTHX'B HrpOKOB'B, A^ ^^^Xa BoyHCKa, KOTOpHfi 

ocTasajica no oCflsaHHOCTH KanejibMeflcTepa. YcTajiHe MysH- 

KaHTH JiyfliJIH H3^ HOCJI'feUHHX'B CHJI'B, HSBJIOKaH HSX HHCTpy- 

MeHTOBt oxpHinnie, KaK-B 6h npocTyaceHHHe SByKH. Xobahhi^ 
TaiwKe HyBCTBOBajit chjibhoc yTOMJienie, jiOMOTy bo bccm'b rfejrii 
H acejianie cocHyxB, ho hb'l BtauiHsocTH jitJiajTB JiioOesHoe 
jiHKO H pasroBapHBaji'L gi> KaneJibMeficTepoM'B, KOTopufi He- 
flaBHo TOJiBKo npitxajTB b-b nojiK'B OTKy;^a-To hb'b BoreMia h 
fl;a«e njioxo roBopHJi'b no-pyccKH 

— OpKecTp-B ciaji'b xenepb sHaHHxejiBHO Jiyiine, — noJiBCTZJTB 
Orypu.oB'B. 

— 0, omeHB MycHKajieHTb!— 0T03BaJiCH Hext. 

— Hh ki> Hopry He ^o;^eH•Bl Baui-b opKecTpi>, — BCTaBHJi'L 
KamxaHOB-B, 6pocaH Kapxbi h hoaxoah ktb cxojiy, ica KOTopoJTb 
BX cxpamHOM'B eeanopimK* BajiajiHCB h cxoajm oyxHJiKH, b-b 
nepeneaKKy cfb rpyAofl Heci>'feAeHHHX'B 8aRycoRi>. KpacHBoe 
jiHUO KamxanoBa 6ujio BJiOB'^n^e-Oori^AHo, a rjiaaa cBepKajiu 
nbflHUM'B xojioAHBiMi) 6jiecK0M'B FjiaBi) cyMacnieAHiaro. 

B-b o6HKHOBeHHoe BpeMH 3xo.6HJrB cKpoMHHft, ;iia«e saciiH- 

HHHH]^ IDHOma, daHQMaBIUiSCH aRHBOHHCbK) H nOCXOflHHO Bl> 

Koro-HHfiyAb BJiioCjieHHHH, HO Koraa- paa-b hjih ABa bi roat 
HanHBajicH, xo BBiKHAHBaji'B xaKie AHKie cKaHAaJiu, hxo o HUX'h 
roBopHJi'b HtcKOJiBKo M'bc^ineB'b BecB ropoAi*. KafflTaHOB-b Aa- 
Bajix ceet nocjrfe axoro cjiobo ne hhxb, ho He BUAep»cHBaJii> 
H onaxb pyOHJii) maoiKOM efipen, hjih 6hjii> no (|)H3ioHOi[in 
KaKoro-Hfl6yAb naccaaupa na BOKaajit, BOo6iu.e A^JiaJKb hto- 
HH6yAb Hejitnoe h ^yAosHmHoe. Bt> hcm-b (SHJia KaKa^-xo aboA- 
cxBCHHOcxb AyniH, coBepmeHHoe oxcyxcxBie paBHOBtcia, h bi> 
9X0M'b oGhhho CKpoMHOM'b, sacxtH'iHBOM'b lejioBtK* BCCFAa Ape- 
ndijrb 3B'6pB, rhwb 6oji'6e onacHUM, qxo hhrxo aapaH'be ne uorh 
npeACKaBaxb ero noHBJieHie. 

Hex'b nocMoxp'knb yAHBJienHO na CHHe-6ji'i^AHoe jihiio 0(j[)H- 
iiepa H npoAOJiOKaji'b roBopnxb: 

— Si HMtexTb 6ojibmofi MycHKajibHH xajiHHTb. B'b Ilparb a 
6HJib nepBifi, der erste, bi> KOHcepBaxopii a Ohjib nepBift no 
ycn*x'b. 

— Bee Bpexi>, — BCxaBUJi'b KamxaHOBi>. — HHKorAa ohi> He 
6ujrh B'b KOHcepBaxopiH. IIpocxo ntMeittci^ caaojRHMR'b. 

.SiU'b OAo6pHxejibHO sacM'bHJicH. 

Hexx noHHJi'b xojibKo nojioBHHy hb'b tofo, hxo CRasajTB 

KamxaHOB'b, ho OHI) HCHO BHA'6jI'bi HXO HaA7> HHM'b CM']^K)XCH. 

— B'b ITpart rocnoAHffb npo(|)eccopb Tay6e... — HaHaJii> OH-b 
onaxb, KpacHta. 



C T *& H BI. . 19 

— Bet HiMi^H ;iypaKH u nexH TO«e,— rpoMKo npepBajit 
KafflTaHOBt, Bi* ynopi> rjisijisi Ha* BoyieKa. 

— riexpyma, ociaBbTe. ByAert BaifB!— npocHJit OrypiijOB'b. 
KanejiBMeficTep^, Meat^y rfeMX, uo6xbjs,whJi'h on> neroAo- 

BEHiH. 

— KaKEfl Hes'bjEJiuB^fl pyccRa o(|)Hitepi>, — CKasajTB oh'b, 
BOJiHyacb. — 3x0 npHMa flepsKa... 9to... 

— 3aM0JiHH, a TO cefiqaci MopAy nofibio!— cnoKofiHO 061^- 
JTOHJi'B eMy KauiTaHOB'B. 

IIpH dTHXi> cjioBax'B Hex'B coBepmeHHO noTepflJTB caMootfjia- 
AaHie. Owh cxBaxjurB xapejiKy h 6pocHJii» ex) bI) noAnopyiHKa. 
TapejiKa co aBOHOMt pa86HJiacb cxiHy, o6AaBi> BctxTj ockoji- 
KEMif . KamxaHOBT) BCK0HHjn>, xoHHO 0T*L BJieKxpHHecKaro yjiapa, 
BuiBaTHJii) niaiuKy h 6pocHJic« na KaaeJibMeficxepa, Koxopaft 
Bi aaapxt noAcxaBJiflji^ xeaxpajibHo rpyAB. 

— TocnoAa, ocxaabxe! TocnoAa, nepecxaHbxe!— HcnyraHHO 
BOHHJTb xo3aHHi>, XBaxaacb 3a o6Ha»eHHyK) maniKy h nopt- 
sbiBdH ced'jb najibuu. 

Ho 6ujio noBAHO. KaiuxaHOB'b cA'i^aji'b BHnaAi>» h ocxpie 
inamKH, npop'bdaB'b iiyHAHp'b KaaejibMedcxepa, Bonuio eMy B'B 

TtJIO. 

MrHOBeuHo Bct oxpesB'^jiE. GaMi^ KamxaHOB'b CpocHJica 3a 
BOAOH, MaxyoeBHH'b h Hnrb cxapajiHCb paacrerayxb MyHAHpi> 
paneHaro, KOxopHfi, Aepatacb 3a rpyAb, maxaacb, CAtJiaJii Hi- 
K^KOJibRO iparoBii B ynaji'b. 

— 3kh... naacbl— CKaaaJi'b oH-b ^epe^'b CHJiy:— /^o... bioi! 
JCsapTHp-b!.. 

— ^oKTopa!— Kpuqaa-b OrypaoBi>, coBepineHHO ofieayMiBTb. — 
JtoKTopal ^OKTopal— noBxopHJi'b oBTb, BCXJiunHBaH H etraa bo- 
Kpyrb paneHaro. 

— Bo«e,— uiouoTOMi> npoHSHecb HecnacxHufl nex-b.— fl 
yMHpaft... 3a hto? 3a hxo? 

Ohi* aaRpujii) rjiada, BHX^HyjicHi h jihi^o ero npnuHJioBiipyrB 
3iiq)ameHie xopsecxBeHHaro, cnoKofifiaro Cedcxpacrin CMcpxH. 



XIX. 

HaRaHyfl'^ noxopoHi> KanejibMeftcxepa Kojia He cnaji'b bcd 
BOHb oTh nanopa o6ypeBaBinnx'b ero MucjieH, xn^exno HO^a 
flcxoAa. ) 

IlepeAB HHirb ct> acHofi oxiexjizBocxbio npoxoAHJiH, xoiho 
Ha dKpani^ BOJimednaro (|)0HapH, KapxHHH neAaBHaro nponmaro, 
icaKb OHt pHcoBajiHCb eMy XQnepb, KorAa 6wjih cAepnyxH a^ko- 
pauiH H CMUTH pyMana. Tjiyxia cxtHH aaropaacaaaroxb nycxoe 

MtcXO... CX^HH, 0XT» BpCMeHH nOXpeCKaBOliflCa, HaKpeHHBUliHCH 

2» 






20 B;iqEC.lABT> AITEMBEB'B. 

a roTOBHfl pyxHyTb otb nepB^ro TOJiHKa, ho co Bcfexx ciopoHiv 
nojtnepTHa tekhmh ate bbtxemh CT0Ji6aMH h pacKpameHflna 
jipKHMH HaflnucflMH: „cie m^cto cb)!To"... Ho sarJiaHemb wh 
Tpemiiny — h BHyxpH HH^ero ne ysHOTinb, KpoMt eme ne 
ycni&Braaro HCTJitTb Mycopa... 

Oh^ Bflpypb BcnoMHHJi-B no^eMy-To, hto saBHO ne mojihjich^ 
H» ejie cj^ep3KHBaa cjiesH, cxaji-b na koji^hh cpe^jH nocTejra h, 
sanHxancb, na^ajrb MOJiHTbCH T!dLKi> ropmo, KaK'b bt* ^'feTCTB* 
Kor^a-TO ero y^HJia MOJiHTbca Maib. Owb AOJiro flpoacaJiT* ir 
6BJICJI rojioBoft atejitao KpoBaTH. 

— PocnoflH! — noBTopflJTb OH-b cb yKacoM-b: — FocnoAHl — ho 
HHKaKurb CJIOBX He HaxoOTJi-b 6ojibine B'b onycTomeHHOft 
jtym*. 

IIpofiHJio TpH, ^eTHpe, HflTb HacoBx... CoH'b 6'feataJi'b orb 
rjiast* Kojia BciajTb, ojifk^cH h BHrnejix ^lepea'b ca^'b B'b 
nojie, Bce noKpbiToe npeApa3CB*THHM'b TyManoifb. Eme ^poacajiH 
nocJi'ijrCHia BBtsflH, cBepKaronuH, AaJieKin, sarajiaqHHa... HacTy- 
naji-b jxeuh, KOTopHft BaraneBy Kasajicfl noneMy-TO ptmaiomHM'B 
ero cyAb6y, poKOBHM'b... 

IIoxopoHH 6ujiH o6cTaBJieHbi o6u^mott noMnofi. KoMaHAnp'b 
cyeTHJica, nncajiTb CHOBa ^viwb norpefieHia h 6'braji'b, fliijiaa 
noflpodHHa pacnopaatenia o tomx, hto, KOMy h kbki> ny«HO 

Ttjio BeajiH B'b pocKomHOM'b TpaypnoM^ KaTa^ajiK* ct>^ 
no30JioTeHiairfiH rep6aMH h BeHaejiaMH. BnepejiH necjiH oCpasa, 
Ky3bma Hrpajia noxopoHHKd Mapmi), 8a ROJiecHHueft Tanyjiacb^ 
orpoiiHaa, paBHOAymnaa TOJina npoBomaTHXi). 

B% BopoTax'b BoeHHaro KJi^jifiumfiL npoHsooiJia AaBRa. Sa^Hie 
HanHpajiH na nepeanax'b, ciapaacb BJitsTb nwb na njieiH h 
paacMOTptTb, TTO A'feJiaeTca y auu, B'b KOTopyro na noJiOTen^ 
uax'b onycKajiH rpofi'b, ho nojiypora outnjiajia aio npocTpan- 

CTBO, W JlK)6onHTHHe AOBOJIbCTBOBaJIHCb ThWh, HTO nOffHHMaJIHCb 

Ha HOCKH H TJismfkjivL Hepeai) tojiobh cojiAarb. 

KaKofi-TO HeMOJionoK, pacTpenaHHHli, nbaHHfi qejioB-feKx, no- 
BHUHMOMy, MacTepoBofi, Hi'cKOJibKO paa-b HbiTajic^ npo6paTbca 
CKBosb pHAH, HO 3T0 eMy He yAanajiocb, h, oTTHCHyTHfl Hasa^;!), 
ohij CHOBa jitB'b H TOjiKajica, cTapaacb paBABHHyTb JiroAefl jiok- 

THMH, 

— JXa& eMy B'b MopAy! — KpHKHyjii) t5paBHfl 4>eJibA(|)e6ejTb 

OAHOMy HSX HHatHHXTb HHHOB'b. 

— B'b MopAy?— npoxpmrbji'b oeopBanen;!*, cxBaraB'b (J)ejibA- 
4)e6eJia aa pyKaB-b.— B'b MopAy?.. A caMX ne xoHemb?.. ii xefit 

TaKl> AiiMl), HTO... 

Ho oHi) He AoroBopHJTb, nojiy^HB-b crpamnHft yAap'B B'b 
3y6H, H, nepeKHHyBHiHCb na coHHy, ynaji'b bx rpaab. 

— A! TH TaKT)!.. — saxpHH'hJi'b oht*, BCKaKHBaa na hoph. — 



w 



C T * H H. 21 

Hy, TaKi> a xeCt AOKajKy, HTeCt... Huib, nyao oTpocTHjii na 
juideuHHX'B xapqaxi}... 

Oh-b psajica ki> (j[)ejibA(|)e(5ejiio h, oxrtcHaeMHa cojmaraMH, 

'6opMOTaJIT> Bl> CeaCHJILHOfl 3JI06'6. 

— Axi>, TM xaicB... JIaAHo ace, niKypa 6apa6aHHaa. Mu h 
noBuuie Koro HaHAeMi). 

C'B aiHHH cjioBaifH OH'B noACKO^iijn» HeoacHAaHHo ki Bam- 
HCBy u HBO Bcefi MOHH yAapHJTB ero no jumy. yAapi 6Hm> 
TaKi> CHJi6fii>, HTO y KojiH noA-B rjiaaoMi* MraoBeHHo o6pa3o- 
Ba;ica orpoMHHfl ciihhki>, a hb'b Hocy noTeKjia KpoBb. 

Mojionofi o4>HqepT> laKi paciepajica, hto He Mors flaxb 
<ie6* oTqexa bi> nppHCUieAmeMi>. KaKi bo ch4, nepeA*b hhm'b 
npoMejibKHyjia iJ)Hrypa ofiopBaHHaro ^eaoBtKa ci> HCKaMceHHUMTb 

3JIO6OH JIMU0MT>, KOXOpWH ^XO-XO KpHSLaJTb, rpOSHJI-b KOMy-XO H 

fiapaxxajica bx pyKax'B cxBaxHBoiHX'B ero coJiflaxB. 

— 9x0 OH'B MeHH,— cooOpaaHji-B Ko^ia, npHxcHHaa Kh jumy 
ajiaxoKi>. Becb oKpameflHHfi bb OarpoBHfl itBtxii.— 3a hxo ace 

3X0 OH'B?.. 

PaaAaJiHCb nojiHueflcKie cbhcxku, o6opBauua CRpyxHJm h 
syAa-xo yBejiH. H xeoepb tojibko Kojia onoMHHaca h nanajiB 
ofiAyMUBaxb npoHcinecxBie. y^ap-b no Jiimy, xoxa 6h h cjiyiafl- 
HHft, — AyMaji'b ohb, — axo, no MHinuo o6mecxBa o(j[)fluepoB'b, ne- 
CMUBaeMoe naxHO, u uwh, naB'bpHo, KOManAHp'b nojiKa npeAJio- 
jioacHxi> xenepb yfixH m> aanacb hjih, no MeHbme^ M'bpt, nepe- 
BecxHCb Bi> Apyrod noaicb. Ho sa^'I^Mx a 6yAy nepeBOAHXbca? 
BtAb 3T0 caMa cyAb6a yKasuBaex'b MH'b nyxb... H B'b ApyroMB, 
H BB xpexbeMi), H B'b AecaxoMB nojiKy a Ha^y oaho h xo ace. 
a AJifl BXoM cayac6u, oqesiiAuo, He roaeycb... IIoAaM'B ace B'b 
aanacb h Ha'iHy uoByK) acHBHb, HOByx), paayMHyio pa6oxy! 

Haca ABa cnycxa oub sanieji'b bi> Kamieaapiio, hxo6u na- 
OHcaxb panoprb o 6ojii^duu. TaMib yace 6uao nejiOB^KB Aecaxb 
o<|)Hi;epoB'b, Koxopue neM'b-xo oacHBJieHHO paaroBapHBajia, ho 
npH BxoA'b ero cpaay saMOJi^ajiH. 

Koaa He ofipaxEJii) na dxo BHHMaaia h, npoxoAa mhmo Hma, 
MaoiHHaJibHO npoxanyjii eMy pyKy^ ho Hurb BarjiaayjiB na nero 
xaRHM'B BdPJiaAOM'b, KaRHM'b JiioAH rjiaAaxi) na nycxoe M'bcxo, 
H pyKa ero ne meBeJibnyjxacb. 

— nocaymafl, flmx, — cKasajn* Koaa yAHBjieHHO, — a cb 
xo6ofi BAopoBaiocb. 

ToFAa ^mi) HBpeK'B xohomb cyABH, npoH3Hocau;aro ciiepxHU^ 
npuroBopi>: 

~ a CB 6HXHMK He BAopoBaDCb. Ilponiy He roBopnxb mh* 
.xu" H He CHHxaxb Mena xoBapnu^eMi). 

Kojia nocMoxptji'b na rjiyno-Baatnoe jihi^o ilnia, u eny BApyn> 
CAtJiaJiocb Becejio z cM'bniHo. 



22 Ra^ECJIAB'B APT£MI>£B'B. 

— Hynejio ropoxoBoel — cKaaaji'B ohx, rpoMKO pacxoxoraB- 
niHCb, noBepnyjica h BHinejii» hsx KaHn;ejiHpiH. 



XX. 

B^ TOTb ace ACHB ero noTpe6oBajrb k'b ceet KOManj^Hpt 
nojiKa. He Cea-B BOJineHia Kojih nepecTynHJix nopoPB ero Kafin- 
Hexa, m1> npeACToajio eMy hchhtb Hamy Jio KOHi^a. Om> ne- 
BOJibHO BcaoMHHjiTb HepBoe CBoe irpej^CTaBJienie, npoHcxoj^HBmee 
wh 3T0M caMol! KOMHaT*, Bce, KasajiocL, aacTHJio bt* Hefi fies'b 
HSM-feHeHiii: TOTB 3Ke 6ojiBmofl nHCBMeHHLifi cTOJiB, T* ace 
niKa(|}w, rfe ate npaenjia Ha crfeeaxB, ho b'b aym* 6uji(y 
coBC'&Mii Apyroe, HOBoe, Mory^ee h CTpaHHoe nyBCTBo, KOTopoe 
HcnHThiBaeTB ysHHii'B, kovhb, Tie^ejn> hem-b BHeaanno OTBopaiOTB 
mejiife3HHfl ABepH TiopbMBi. Ohb omejioMJieHB, mypHXCH otb 
cB-feTa, n Ha Hero tjihahtb npenpacHHi!, ciHionj^itt AeHB... 

KoMaHflHp'B CHJltJTB 3a CTOJIOMX H HTO-TO ^OJIFO UHCaJI'B, 

xoTfl eMy He 6hjio pimHTejiBHO HHKaKoft Hano6HOCTH nacaTB 
HMeHHo Tcnepb; ho oh'b A^JiaJTB 8to ajih Toro, hto6h npn^aTB 
OojiLiuyK) TopsKecTBeHHOCTB MHHyrfe. Manepy axy oh'b nepenmrb 

y KOI^O-TO HBT) CBOHX'B HaiaJIBHHKOB'B, H KOr^a KB HeMy npH- 

xoflw.in noAHHHeHHBie no A'fejiaM'B cjiyacfiH, ohb, BacibimaB'B- 

3B0n0K"L, fitHCaJIX KB HZCBMeHHOMy CTOJiy H, npHHHB'B R'hSlO' 

Bofl, oaafioMeHHHfi bhab, Ha^HHaji'B boahtb nepoMB no eynart. 
TaKB nponiJio MHHyTH TpH. HaK0iHen;B, KOMaHAHpB kohhhji'b^ 
nojioaKHji'b nepo na Kpafl CTOJia w, BbiMHyBHiHCB bo secB pocTB, 
BtJnaTiiB'L rpyAB, cKasajiB: 

— C'h BaMH CerOAHH, KaKX MH-fe 6hJI0 0$(|)HI^iaJIBHO AOJIO- 

^eHo, npouaomejTB BecBMa npHCKop6HHfi cjiyqafi. KaKofi-TO ne- 
HSBtcTOEalt qejioBiKX 6pocHJicfl H yAapHJii) BacB no JiHu;y. He 
3Haio, Aa H He Bxoaty bb oficToaTejibCTBa A'feJia, hto BunyAHJio 
ero KB 3T0My nocTymcy. HaAo, Konenno, nojiaraiB, hto hoboab 
K'B 3T0My 6HJn> CB BameH CTOpOHbl. 

— Ho> rocnoAHHB hojikobhhk'b... 

— HuKaKHXB „ho". H h He noBBOJiH) (bb stomT) whcyrh 
nojiKOBHiiK'B BOBBbicHJiTb TOJiocB AO Tpy^Haro BByKa)... a He 

nOBBOJlK), 4T06h BB MOCMB HOJIKy CJiyJKHJIH 6iiTHe 0(J)imepH! 

Ohb noMOJiHajiB, Jiio6yHCB 3(]^$eKT0MB, KOTopHfi nponaaejia 
ero p^^b. 

— BaMB ocTaeicH oahhb hcxoab. Botb BAtcb JieatHT'B 
nponieHie 061) yBOJiBHeniH BacB bb aanacB apMin no AOMam- 

HHM'B oOCTOJlTeJIbCTBaMB. ECJIH ace BH He aaXOTJrlTe nOAHHHHTbCH, 
TO H (aAtCB HOJIKOBHHK'B OHHTB BOSBblCHJIB TOJIOCB) nopCAaM'B 

Bacii cyAy o6mecTBa rocnoAB o(|)Hu;epoB'B, KOTopHfi b'b hoji- 
aoMB cocTaBt HaxoAHTCH BA'fecb ;Ke p^AOM'B, B'B cji'feAyion^eft 




C T « H H. 23 

ROMHaT^, H BH BCe paBHO 67^6X6 HCRJIIOHeHU. HanoBfHHaiD BaifB, 

TTO HCRjiiDHeHHLifl no cy^y o6ii](ecTBa o(t)HitepoFB He MoserB 
6uTb HHTjit npHHJmi Ha cjiy3{c6y. BudnpaiiTe «e! 

BamneBi), MOJina, B^surh nepo h na padBepnyToirB npomeniH 
HanHcaJi'B cbod (|)aMnjiiH). 

B'B TOTB se neBh owh Go6paji'B cBofi cRy^HuA CaraxcB h 
no'^xaJTB na BOKsaji'B. H8i» OKHa sarona ohb BsrjiHHyji'B B'B 
nocjT&AHifl pa8i> na ropoAX, ROTopuA na^HHajicji otb canaro 
BORsajia orpoMHUMH BAaHiHMH RaBapMi>, H eiiy craao rpycTHO 
npH Hucjm, ^To BA'bcB norntfjia ^acib »ch3hh, ROTopyx) hh- 
Ror^a yace ne BepnyTB. 

nocjiumajicfl carnajiBHuA cbhctor'b ROHAyRTopa, no'i^SA'B 
thzo noRaiHyjicfl, BBApornyjTB, sacTonajTB h Me^JieHHO nanaJTB 
npoABHraTBCH memo okoh'b BORaajia. SacTynajiH mojiotohrh, 
aarpeii'&iiH Js^iuEy Tamejio saAumajTB napoBos'B, ryjiRo nepe- 

RjmRHyJICH CO BCTptlHUITB napOBOBOlTB, yCHJIHJTB XOA'B H HO- 

MHajicH CB 6iineH0A 6ucTpoTOft memo AepeBBeB'B, RycTOB'B, 
AoporB B CTopoaceBHx-B 6yA0R^. 

BanraeBy B^pyrB npeacTaBHJiocb, hto owb yMep-B. T&io 
ero 6ujio xojioaho, neaoABHacHO. Owb ne mopb nomeBeJiHTBca 
h jie^aji'B, RaKB tpyn^. Hbh-to rojioca pasAaBajiHCB BOKpyrx: 

— Hto Ke, yMep-B? JI,a, ynepi. 

B'B OT^aHHiH KOJIH XOrbjTB RpHRHyTB, HTO dTO oruH^Ra, 
TTO OH'B aCHB'B, HO HBUR'B He HOBHHOBaJICH, H He ABEPaJICa HH 
OAHH'b MyCRyJTB. 

CnepTejiBHuft yjRacB 3acTaBHjii> ero npocnyTbCH, ho ohb 

npOCHyjICH TOJIBRO HS'B OAHOFO CHa BB ApyrOH, H BB dTOM'B 

BTopoifB CH'6 owh mejTB no pejiBcain* h cjiumaji'B csaziH ce6n 
myMTb H rpoxoTB no'tsaa. Ohb 6'fe}KajrB, na^aJi'L, cnoTHKajica, 
CHOBa BCTaBajii) h 6'b}RajrB nso bc^x'b chjix. Bee 6jin»ce h 
6aE3Re Aumajio sReJi'bsHoe HyAOBnme. Eme MOMeHTB... 

Oh-b cAi^ajTB HCHMOB'hpHoe ycHJiie bojih, hto6h cTpaxnyTB 
ci> ce6H RoniMap'B, h npocnyjiCH, BecB B'B xojioahom'b noTy. 

B'bORH']^ yace 6pe8»CHjrB pascBtrB. KpoBaBaa sapn npocBii* 
HHBaJia CRBO8B CTBOJiu AepeBBeB'B. CfitiRiA npeApascB'^THuA 
BtxepoR'B n^eRoraji-B jihuo. 

Eme MTHOBeHbe— H cojiHi^e obojiothjio Bce RpyroMi* nepBUHH 
ICflTRHMH JiynaMH. 

H B'B Ayin'6 Ha^HHajica paacBiTTi... J^a, ipyAen'B eyAerB 
HOBuA nyTb, TepHHCTufi nyiB xpyAa h JinmeHiA, ho b-Sab na 

dTOlTB TOJIBRO HyTH H MOHCHO HaATH HCTHHHOe CHaCTBe Ha 

aeMJiii. 

0, RaRtB CBiTJia, CBo6oAHa, npeRpacna 6yAe'rB noBaa »CH3Hb! 
3a pa6oTy! 3a pafioxyl 

BflHecjiasB ApreiibeBB. 



M a T e p H. 

KoTopH^ ^acb?-. KaKaa ho^ib rjiyxaa! 

OcTporB aaTHXTj, noramenu orHH; 

Cociziii criflTij,— jmmb mu ci> To6oft, poAHan, 

He cnHML (jahh... 
HacL paaJiy^iLiH KaMeHHwe cboah, 
TiOpeMHhIH ziBop-b, HaAeSKHLIH ^acoBOH... 
Th BcnOMUHaeuib npoacHTue toah, 

H— BIIiKy CHU iKHBHH MOJIOAOfi. 

Th— TaMij, FA* CTo^bKo 6hjio nepeacHxo, 
Mofl me Mbicjib B-L rpaAymee ynijia: 
Bii pa<jAyM&u a uaAb KHMroH) pacKpHTOH, 
A TH — Hdijx'h Toil, KOTopyM) flpo^jia... 

Mofl TeMHa.., Be3CfiJi3Hk[H CTpaHHUH, 

OAaa Apyruii iienyaKHtfi h cTpaHHtft... 
H 6yATo ;Kii3Hb, H 6yAT0 He6u[JiHmj, — 
0, kekij fiji^feAHa El) cpaBHenlH cb TBoett! 

06paBKH (J)pa3'L, HeKOHHeHHHH CTpOKH... 
liHiJXt JlllCTOBTi Kt Hefi nOHCMy-TO HtrB; 

napofi Ha 4T0-TO SKaJiKie HaMCKH, 

nopoli <iero-TO ropeexHaro cjrbjvb... 

Hact paezitJiaerB cyMpaKi) HenporjiaAHHfi, 

TlOpeMHHH ABOp-L 3a KaMCHHOfl CXtHOH, 
Ho BMmy H, KEK^ Wb AyM* 6e30TpaAHOH 
IIOHHKJia TH C'feAOK) rOJIOBOfl. 

H cepAiJ,e y MeHJi TaKX thxo 6beTCH... 
Ho fl luemy -M B'l^pH) bx t* cjiOBa: 
^Cel^acL, cefl^acij, poAHMaa, naHHeTca 
li B-B 3Tofl KHHr* ^yAHafl rjiaBal" 
Th cjiHiuuinB?,. 0, KaKan ho^b rjiyxaal.. 
^asaii ycHeMi>— y^i> TCJioHHrB coffB Mena. 
Moii cB-fe^a Mepi^aeTi), noxyxaa, 

h% TBOCM'B OKHt, JI^OJITRRO 6hTB, H'feT'B OrHH... 



EopMCb yiOHKO. 



^ ^ jr ■ " 



PA3JIAJ11. 

(Pa3CKa3i>.) 



I. 

Bi> HacToft „HaiiHrf mojioaofo ocHHHUKa, noJiyKpyroMi> 
o6jieraBmaro MajieHBKifl, aapocmifl thhoA npyAoirb; Ha 6epery 
icoToparo cha^'b h h yAUJi'B Kapacett, paaAajicA TpecKX. H 
o6epHyjo[CH... H3i> ^anuTH, pasABHraa ee pyxaMH, BUJi'bajio 
npHMo RO MHi^ Ha (Seperx icaKoe-To KOCMaioe nyAHiiie h ocTa- 
HOBHJiocb, rjuiA^ Ha Mena MyTHUMH, nocojioBtjiuMH rjiasaMH... 

SI, CL CBOed CTOpOHbl, CB JIK)6onUTCTBOM'B yCTaBHJtCH Ha 

Hero. 

nepeAO MHOtt 6ujn> My^HKX, ao KpattnocTH njioxo oAtTud, 
Aa^e MOSHO cKaaaTb, hohth coBctM'B padA'^TUH, ecjiH ne cih- 
TaTB KaKyD-TO CojiTaBmyncH na HeMi» rpasHyio, pBanyH) py- 
6aniKy h nojiocaTue RopoTKie, HyTB jih ne no kojiIhh mraHU... 
Ha roJiOB'ib HHiero ne 6ujio... BirbcTO mamcH hjih KapTyaa, pac- 
nojidJiHCb JcoHHoA nepnuH, ci> JierKOft npoctAbK), BCKHOROieH- 

HUfl, CBaJIflBmiHCfl KOCMU BOJIOCB... 

nocTOHBi) HeMHoro, My»HKi> noAoniejTB ko mh^ h npoxpH- 
-7- PHfiKy jiOBHiHB?.. KjiK)eTB-jiH?.. Moe noHTenie! Bee jih h 

8AOpOBI>?.. 

— 3Aop6Bo! — OTB'&THJi'B H, He cnycKaH cb nero rjiaai:— th 
aTO oTKyAa?.. 

MyacHKB HHHero He otb^thjtb h, MOJi^a, JiePB na Cepery, 

aiCBBOTOM'B BHHd'B, yCTaBflCb MyTUUMH TJiaSaMH Ha IlOBepXHOCTb 

npyAa- 

a c6oKy rjiHA'i^'b na nero. JIhi;o y nero 6hjio KaKoe-To 
HepHoe, rycTo o(Spocmee 6opoAOH, rjiaaa MyxHue, Cojibmie Ha 
BHRarb, pyKH TpacjiHCb, h Becb oh'b, BctM'b cbohmii rbJioM'b, 
TO h a^o BdAparBBaji'b h kophhjich, noAHHMafl RBepxy to 
OAHy Hory, to Apyryi). 

— JljBi, ThL KyAa :Ke?..— OHHTb cnpocHJi'b h. 



26 c. n A T> A ^ E B !>. 

— Bi) 6ojiBHHB[yI— Hexora OTBtTzjnb owb. 

— 3a6ojrfejn>V.. 

MyxcmcB noMOJiHaJix, njiiDHyji'B bi> BOjiy, AocxajTB ns'b-Sft 
naayxH ao nojiOBHHbi BunHTyn noji6yTUJiRy h CRaaajTB, noffa- 
Ban MH^: 

— Ha... rjioTHH... 

— CnacHCo,— OTBtTHJit fl,— He naflo. 

— He nbenib?— OHX on^Tb' noMOJiHaji-B h noTOM'L cKasajTB: 

— HtrB jiH y Te6a KaKHxi) epiOKi CTapHXTb, nero^iamHX'B..' 
H-feTTb JIH, a?.. Jlsi&, cfl-fejiafi mbjioctb... 

H npoMOJiiajiT). Ohi> c'feji'b h, sanpoKHHyB'B nasa^'B Kocna- 
TyK) rojioBy, nanaji^ TanyTb mbtb ropjiHinKa... 

— nponHJicHl — CKaaaJiTb oh'b sarbM-B, — o6cTporaJiH Mena 
AoCpne jiioAH... rjiJiAH, hto na mh'6 ecTb... AjsfiM'h, HCTHHHHft 
rocnoffb!.. HocMOTpHKa-cb... 

— Bnaty!— cKa8ajn> h. 

— H^y BOTb BT) CojibHHuy, He nojiowarb jih, uojvb,.. GMeprb!.. 
Hto c'b'bM'B JIH, BHHbH) JIH— Bce Hasa^'b!.. 

OH'b onaTb JierB mchbotobtb BHHBTb H, noMOJiTOB'B, cRasajTb: 

— Th mh* xjrbOyniKa jiajvh 6h... ^paTb, cefinacb noMe- 

peTb, XOHy, KaKT* CyKHH-b CHffb... 

H nocjiaji-b 6HBmaro co MHoft CHHHinKy jiouoA 8a xji'fe6oM'B 
H, Koraa OH'b ymeJiTb, cnpocHJix y MyxcHKa: 

— Jla, TH oTKyAa Mce? 

EpeaK^ie ^^wb oTBixHTb, oh-b, Cb KaKHMX-To oatecToqenieifB, 
KpHBH poTb, nocKpee-b oGtHMH pyKaifH CBOH) KOCMaTyro rojioBy 
H CRasaji'b: 

— Hs-b rojiyfiHHa, sHaemb? 

— 3HaK), — oTB'feTHJi'b a. — Jlfl, TH B^b ropo;!;^ mejrb 6h... B'b 
ropofl'B-To OTB rojiy6HHa 6jiH3Ke, TfeMi* ciOfla... 

— Bhji'b... He iipHHajiH... M'fecTOB'b, Hmb, ffbrb... npHTKa 
HXTb anaerb... cbo-o-jiohh!.. 

OH'b onaTb ycTaBHJica MyTHHMH rjiasaMH na noBepxHOCTb 
npy;ta, hto-to AyMaa. 

Bl) 3T0 BpeMH MOlg CHHHmKa npH6'&acaJI'B, BanHXaBHIHCB, 

Heca B-b pyK* JioMOTb xji'fe6a* 

— Ha, AiaAeHbKa! — e^Ba nepeBo^fl Ayx'b, CKaaaJi^B OH'b, no- 
AaBaa xji'&6'b. 

— Cnacnfio, chhok'b,— jiacKOBo cKaaaJi-b MyatHK-b.— yMHHi^a 
TH... cnacHfio. H nocojiHJi'b HHKaK'b?.. BoT'b cnacH6o-TO... 

OH'b cfejTb, nepeKpecTHJica h, BsaBTb JiOMOTb xjr66a B-b oC-b 
pyKH, npHHajica tcTb, oTKycHBaa KycKH e-fejinMH, HeofiHKHO- 
BeHHO 6ojibmHMH 8y6aMH... 

HporjioTHB'b HicKOjibKo KycKOB-B, OH'B CHOBa HepeKpecTHJica 
H, cnpaTaB-B neflO'feAeHHHfi jiomotb 8a nasyxy, CKaaaJi'b, o6Te- 

peB-B pyKOK) pOTl>. 



V k B Ji k n 'h. 2T 

— BoTb a H chtb!.. 

— Mmo notjTB,— cKaaaJTB a,— 4mi> eme. 

— CnacHCoI.. Majio... nil cJiaBa Bory, 3toto nporjioTHJTB... 
H-^a! IIoAKaTHTB k'b cepAUy, noHHMaemB, ny, fly Mai), KpHmKa... 
flyma crb rtjioM'B pascTaeTcn... H TocKa, cMepib! He npHBeAH 
PocnoflH!.. A HTO, flpyri), noKypHxt th mh* He co5jiaroBO- 
jiHinB?.. 

— MoatHo, — cRaaajTB h. 

Ohi* pasa TpH, majiHO BTflrHBaa n^eRH, saTAHyjicii h BflpyrB, 
noBepnyBinHCb ro uui coBepmeHHO Heo^HAaHHO h, RaK'B ro- 
BopHTCfl, HH RT» cejiy, HH R*B Topofly, CRaaaji-B: 

— CjiHraajn>, J[yMy-TO pasoraajiH?.. 

— Te6t-T0 HTo?— yflHBHJica a. 

— KaKi> ^0?— Bx CBOK) o^epeAb, yAHBHJica oht>:— a, Hefiocb, 
KTO? XpecbaHHHi? Mh4, naft, JiiofionHTHo snaTb, RaKTb ohh 
TaMOTRO Hau^erb 3eMJiH-T0... nojio»eHMi>, mh^-to ona ne Hyaena... 
KoTopa H 6HJia — h lae 6ipocKJib, Hy, a npaBOCJiaBHHMi-TO KaRx 

KHTb... jnoCoOHTHO... JXyUdLJllAl aBOCb, MOJIX... AHTb BOTb Te6i... 

H-Aa!.. fl B^iib, — Tu He ffyMafi, — npofloJiHcajTb oht*, — ofltrb^ 
mioxo... H rpaMOTHHlt, cMucJiBMib Toace Koe-^o, aofipbix'b -iD- 
ziefi cjiuxHBajiH, rhhhcrh iHTaJiu... noHHMaeM'b... XyAO-JiH tul^, 
HepTflM'b, jKHBCTca... oTAaAyTB-jiH! BsHTb 6m sa rJiOTRy, hcthh- 
HHft rocnoAb, caMoe, no-MoeMy, cBJiToe A'fejio... KaRoro pomna 
eme rjiHAiTb-To... unpHMOHiro-TO pasBOAHTb... Ohh cb naMH ne 
6oJibHO-TO UHpHMOHHTca; Ra6u HMX Aa BOJiH) HaA'b naMH— 3a- 
rpHBJiH 6h! /ta h to nero y^KT*, — oht* Maxnyji'b pyKott,— na 
HTO MH noxo3RH? KyAH roAHH? BapaHbe, hcthhhhh TocnoAB! 
TaR-b Hac-b H dHxaioTb: AHCRaib, KaR^ xoTHM-b, TaR^ h Bopo- 
TftiTb... Ax'b, ABaBOJTb Bacb sajioMafil TAi-JK-b npaBAa-To, a?.. 

Ohtj aaMOJiHajib. fl nepeKHHy-Tb yAo^Ry na Apyroe Micro 
H cnpocHJix: 

— Th RaRoft ryCepniH? 

— KajiyitRoft fl... 

— He KHBenib AOMa-To? 

— KaRofi y MeHH aomx?.. HtTb y Mena hh pomna... Becb 

BOTb TyTb... HHCTb MOJIOAeUX, rOJTh, RaRX COROJI'b... 

— KaR-b ace laR-b? 

— TaRT)... 6pociiJii» Bce... ymejii* na Hyncyio cTopony... Cro 
pi&jTb a! — yrpiOMo AofiasHJi-b ohI), noMOAHaB'b, 

— A ceMefiHHfl? 

— JKeneHKa na (J)a6pHR'6^nyTaeTca, a CHH-b— mopHHRTb B-b 
nnrept... TaRoft ae BOTb aaAajica yrapx, ne njiomb Meiia... 
Bhaho, CpaT^HR'b, „oTb afijioHLRH — a6jioqKH, a orb cjirh 
mnoiRM''... Bhjih eme aboc, — npoAOJiacaji'b om>, Aptiraa ho- 
raMH, — A^Bo^nca cb MajibiHoiRoft, Aa cropiJiu B'b Had* o6a.., 

-- Hy?! 



23 



C. II A t fl ^ E B 1>. 



— HcTHHHHflt rocnoAbI caMyio pafio^yio nopy b'l hokocb... 
Mh ct> 6a6ofi BepcTH sa TpH otb jiepesHH 6ujin, ipaey crpe- 
6ajiii no KyciiXM'b... CjiHinHMi>, BAapHJiH Biy HafiaT-B... nomap-B... 
Phaomij ci* HaMH Toate pa6oTajiH, KpH^aTi>: ^noMcapt! ropHrt! 
CpocaflTB'-.. A THXO 6HJI0, HH ^yKHeTB, AaJieKO Kaxyiioe cjiobo 
LJiHxaTb...— „MapKejii>, — roBopHTb mh* atena, — a b^ab 3to y 
Hdcij". Hto tu, roBopH), Aypa, oqyM'fejia... Bor'L mhjiocthbt>, 
FuHOpiOy a y caMoro cepAUe b-b rpyAH TyK'B, TyK-Bl TyK'B, xyKBl 
TOHHo, noHiiMaeniB, Kyaneu'L mojiotkom'b no HaKOBajibHi... Bpo- 
cjd.nE MH rpa6jiH, no6'b2KaJiH nanpflMKH, rA'6 no6jiH3£e... da6'6- 
majiu ua B3.io6oK'B, OTTCAa Bca A^peBHH uama KaKi) Ha Jia- 
AOiiiKt,.. CMOTpHMx: TopiiT^ Haoia xaia... SaBonHJia Moa 6a6a: 
„Jt1iTymKH, AtiyniKM". noCixcaJia hoa'b ropy, cjiobho hb'b 
pyjKbJi BurraJiHJia... fl sa neflt... Hy, npHfitacaJiH, tjihahm'B, no- 
JDLHJuerb Hamy xaiy co Bcfexx neTHpexi) CTopoH-B, saHflJiacb 

BCH,-. llOACXymiTBCa HHKaK'B HeBOBMOMtHO... 

Obi> nepeflejii) Ayx'B H TaKTb ace, KaK-B Aanena, nocKpeS-B bi, 
rojiOBt oGtviMH pyKaMH: 

— Ba6a Moa naqajia CHOBaiB npoMe^K'B napoAy, rjiaAurb, 
FA* pe(5aTbi: h^tb jih, mojib, AyMaeiB, h Hanmx'B... aHi) HtT'B, 
HiiTy,.. Ty;^w, ch)AH — H^iy... „Crop'bJiH A^TyniKn!" KpHnHTi), 
Aa caMa b-b oroHB... H ee aa noAOJn> Aa b'b oxanKy, OTTamnJi'B 
BT> GTopoHy... noBajiHJiacB 6aOa, saBHJia, crpeSJia ce6a Bofi> 
BAaK-B o6tMMif pyKaMM 3a BOJiocBa, upHHajiacb Apaxb hxI), a^uo, 
Opai^uKB, KJio^Ba JieiarB... a caMa seMJiio KycaeT-B, kblki^ co- 
6a!ca: anxl aiiB! aM'B-aM'B!.. CTpauiHO, GpaiHHK'B. BipninB, A^Jio 
npomjioe, a KaKi BcnoMHHiuB — McyxB, hcthreuHl TocnoAB!.. 
H-Aa,» A'fcJia... OAOJiMCH-KacB eme KypHyib... Hporopiji'B, ApyrB, 
Bi> *incTyiD,,. Ta6as:nmKy h Toro He HMtH), — tohho HSBUHaacb, 

CB KOHltySJlJlBOH yJIHfiKOfi Ha TOJICTBIX'B Ty6BiXly nOHCRHJTb OH'B. 

— Hy, a noTOM'B KaK-B-ace? — BUAa, hto ohb saMOJiHaji-B, 
cnpo€Hj:i> fl. 

-^ A TaKi> ace, HTO 6a6y cbok) o ly nopy a hb-b nexjiH bh- 
Hyjiij, — KaKt 6h oTBt^aa He mh*, a na cboh AyMH, npoAOJi- 
^aJTb oHi.. — IleTJiH) yacB na meio naAtJia, a a TyrB n ecTb... 
CtoS, roflopK), OHyM*Jia, Aymy ry6HTB?.. H-Aa! m AypaKT> ace 
fiuji-B... MoprB 6h cb Heflt, ^y^^afi 6h AaBHJiacBl— coBepmeHHO 
HeoHCHAauflo n cb KaKOfi-io 3Jio6ofi[ b'b rojioct aaKOHHHJi'B OH'B. 

no aaxMypeHHHM'B 6poBaM'B bhaho 6hjio, hto to, o neMi* 
OH'B AyMaerB, ajih Hero xasKejio h nenpiaTHO. 

— Crop'fejiH,— Ha^aji-B oht> onaxB,— ocxaJiHCb b'b HeM'B 6hjih... 
Hto TyrB A^^JiaxB? /lyMaji-B a, jiystaji-h, AyMaJi-B, AyMaji'B... ^aii, 
roBopio» no^Ay k-b nony cxoacy, ko CBanneHHHKy, He AacTT> jih, 
MOJi'b, coBlfeTa KaKoro, He nayHMX'B jih, moji-b?.. Hy, nouiejn>, 
npHXoacy, bhxoahxi>... „Th, roBopHTT>, hxo, MapKejrB?**'TaK'B m 
raicb, roBopio, OaxioniKa... cxaji-B eny roBopnxb, a caM-B, ApyrB, 




P A 3 JI A Jl[ "B. 29 

cjiHmy, cjioBHo kto mchh sa rjioTKy ;iyiiiHrB... BlipHinb Bory— 
aanjiaKajTB... CTa;n> 9To oht* Mena yrtraaTb: „IIojiho, roBoperB, 
MapRejTB, He yHHBaft... bch BJiacrs Boacui... A a, roBopHTB, 
H pafl-B 6h TeC* jiymeBHo noMo^B, na He hsx Hero... Botb, ro- 
BopHTb, Ha, HTo Mory*... jiajTB Tpn py6jiH... ,A nocoBiiTOBaTb, 
roBopHTB, a Te6t nocoatTyK): cxoah, roBopHrb, k^ RHaai). 
OffB, MOJTB, He nacTB JiH Te6t JitcKy Ha cpyCi... nonpocH, no- 

KJiaHflllCH, RHHBb AOfipuS''... 

— JIaziHo, — npoAOJiacaji'B MysHK'B, yjiKdnyBinHCb icaRofl-To 
CTpaniHoft, 8Jio6Hott yjiHGKOft,— nocjiyfflajnb a, nomejrb Kh 
KHasio... IIpHxomy... npano na GapcRift jiBO^'b... HM'^Hbe orpo- 
ue^jjELoe... ycTpoeno Bce no CoraTOMy... HHCTOxa... cJiyaRaupcx'b 
OAHHX'b — ROHi^a-Rpaio HtrB... JIa-a-OTO... Il^y 9To mhmo ro- 
Hi[>mHH... cJiHmy, Rynepa Jiomafleft y6HpaioTb, HORaiorb, py- 
raiOTca... Sameji-b a r'b HnMii... BH«y: Tpoe... CTapmift ct> nep- 

HOfi 6opOAOft, TOJICTUd, CJIOBHO AbHROH'b RaROfi, Aa ABa nOMOII^- 

HHKa,-. .Teet, cnpamHBaiorB, Roro naflo?.. Hero Tyrb xo^Hinb?** 
JldL BOTb, roBopio, TaR-b, Moai>, H TB,K'h, Kb eix) ciaTejibCTBy... 
HepHoOoponHft H roBoparb: ^Tefit na^o npomenbe b'b ROHTopy 
nojiaTb, a ymx na-b ROHTopH nepeAanyn> Ry^a hmo... Hopa^iOR'b 
sji'bch TaRofl ycranoBJieH'b...'' A rto-xcb, roBopio, uwh nana- 
merb?... Cairb a nnray njioxo na h cTpyMeuTy y Mena xaRoro 
HtTb. ^TaM-b, roBopHTb, HRcapb HanHmerb... Tta TOJibfto, roBo- 
pHTb, HanpacHO... naBpaji'b tboc fl'fejio BHropHTb...* A mojioaoA 
ROHDX'b sacirbaJica na h roBopHTb mh*: „Hero xeCt nporaerfte 
HHcaTb? BajiaH caM'b... H*Jio TBoe cypbeanoe, aBocb ne cb-fecrb.,. 
HacTb — ^AacTb, a ne nacTb — nanJieBaTb, ne cjiHHaemb th Cb 
acToro..." BsanpaBAy, flyMai), noftjiy caMx... hto CyAerb. A 
rirh-«'b MH* ero HaflTH?— cnpamHBaio. »A aoBHTb Te64 ero 
nBmo Ha 6aJiR0H%, ycTpoeH^b TanaxRO hbT) ^OMy B'b cam» 6aji- 
ROHi> djiBKoH, ny, CRajKeBfb, naB'bcrb, i^B'bTaMH ycTaHosjieH'b... 
Kaaczcoe yxpo, nacy ajiaR'b B'b AecaxoM'b, OH'b TaMaxKO KO(J)itt 
nbeTb, saRycBEBaerb, BiaoMocTH HHTaeTb... Hy, boti>, th xyAH 
npaMUiTb JiHi^oifb H npH'... JIaAHO, roBopio, caacH6o! Abocb 
He y6beTb... 

— Hy, nocHAtJTb a ctb hhmh nacoR-b, noKypHJin... IIoah- 
BHJica a, RaRi» ohh aomaAeft qacTarb... BuxoaaJiH — RaR'b 
creRJiHEiRO, jiocnaTca! 9x'b, AyMaro npo ce6a, y nacb pefiaxa 
Toro He BHAHTb, HTO TyTb aomaAH... nosaBHAOBaji'b. Hcthh- 
HHfl rocnoAb!.. noRasajiH ohh MH'b Aopory, pa* iipoftTHTb rt> 
CaaROHy. Ofiomea'b a 9to BORpyrb xopoM-b, BHmea'b na SHTy 
cTopoHy vh caAT*... nomea'b no AopoaR* R'b CaaRony... Rap- 
TyB'b CHaa'b.,. B'b pyRax-b necy... Hy, HAy bto, 6paTHHR'b, no 
AoporaiTb H AHBaDCb H caiTb ce6^ ne B'fepio— RyAa aTO a no- 
naaT>?.. Hhcto, noHHMaemb, pai npecBtTaHfi! Te'bTH 9to... 
oAHffb OAHoro Rpame... <|)aHTaaT» niH6aeTi> RBepxy, a Rpyrb 



30 G. n A i» <& ^ B B I. 

(|)aHTajia rrkh-to rojiua KaMeHHHH 6a6u ctoati>... no cTopoHaMi» 
jinnu pacTyn>... 8fl;opoBeHHHa, ofixBaia no Tpn... jiyx-B otb hxi... 
CTOflTij BO TBtTy, 6^ua... n^ejiKH 6oacbH jiexaroTi... Toace, 
HcTHHHHfl Tocnoflb! A OKOHIKH llZ'b xopoMX pacTBopeHH, H BH- 

CJITL ESiKh HHMH, OTB COJIHHUIKa, BpOflt KaKT> HaBtCH KaKie 

HBTi napycHHH, u cjiumHa, CpaTHUK'B, OTie^a MyauKa... TaKi*, 
rojioBa, no BceMy ca;iy h pasAaeTcal.. 

— Hy, nocTOHJi-B a neMHoro, paanHa porB, nocJiyniaJiT*... 
nomejii)... IIoAxoKy k-b 6ajiK0Hy... BApyrB, nonuMaemb, otrbjih 
HH B03bMHCb, co6aKa... BOTb 9fl;aKaa... HcTHHHufi TocaoAb, ct 
mepeCeHKa, ex cocyHKa... npano Ha Mena... KaK'b raMKHerbl.. 
Hy, AyMaro, cbicTTb... Hcnyxcajica ao CMepTH... fla co CTpaxy-TO 
KEKii CHrany npano na 6ajiK0H'b... A na eajiKont-TO, rjiaacy, 
npoMeafb UB'feTOB'b, (tdkWh khh3l cHAHTb Ha ciyaife aaaKOMi* npy- 
TflHOMT)... KaHaeTca noAt HMMTb B-b poAt KaKi) jiiojibKa... Horn 
KBepxy 3aApajii>... bI) syfiax-b UHrapa... caM'b BtaoMOCTH hh- 
jaeT-L, ysHAajTB MeHa... AOJiacHo, Hcnyrajica... ayMajiT*, He- 
6ocb, atyjiMK-B KaKofi rpa6HTb npHmeji-b.,. BcKOHHJi'b aio cb 
Ka'iaJiKH-TO CO CBoeft, ^a KaR'B aasonnTb He gbohm'b fojiocom'b, 
TOHKHMT* affaKHM-b, cJioBHo 6a6a-KJiHKynia: ,Kto 9to? Hero Te6'h 
3Atcb Haflio? Kto th?** Hy, a, noHHMaenib, nyni,e ero Hcny- 
mancfl... ByjiTHX'b eny, hh cJioBa ne roBopa, bx hofh, h, b*- 
piinih Bory, co CTpaxy-xo no^CTynnjiH y Mena cjiesH, ne Mory 
^AepHcaTbca... CKHntjiocB y Mena na cepAUt-To, rope-To aaaa- 
BHJio Mena... ny, h Hixy cjiob-b... JIobjibq ero aa Horn jib, pesy 
KopoBol! H caM'b ce6a, noHHMaenib, HHKOHM'b MaHepoMi> CAep- 
acaxb He Mory... ^JSfi. hto th?" saKpHHaJTb onaib KHa3b ne cbo- 
MM'B rojiocoMx, a caM'b, noHHMaenib, Mena noA'B pujio-TO ca- 
noroM-b THHei'b. A a Bce oaho 6opMOHy: ^Bameca, Bameca... 
aBiiie 6o»cecKyK) mujioctb"... 06o3JiHJica OH'b, AyMajrb— nba- 
Huii.*. KaK'b Aacrb, noHHMaemb mh* aAaKHMT) MaKapueMX, noAi> 
aio BuTb MicTo, cattoroM-b-TO cbohmtj paaa.., TaK'b a cBtxy 
aacHo He BSBHA'feJi'b, noKaiMJica KyOapeM'b... A co6aKa, AbflBOJi'b 
ee saJiOMaH, ne 6yAb Aypa, na Mena... il eniie nyme Hcny- 
rajica... cnpbirnyji'b cb 6ajiK0Hy-T0 Aa 6'fe3KaTb KyAa-io BHH3'b, 
noiiTp ropy, no AopoJKicfe... CofiaKa aa mhoh, ne oTciaerb, cbo- 
jio^b.,. Kycaib He Kycaerb, a TOJibKO aaetatnTb bi> Bcxpt^y, 
ocTaHOBHXca: ^raM-b!" He AaeTb xoAy, xoxb xh hxo xomb... A 
TEM-b yafb xpeBory CAtJiaJie... CjiMmy, xonoHyxi> caaAH... orjia- 
Hyjica— eaxiomKH-CBtXHl — HexBepo, bt* pyKaxi) y KasKAaro no 
DJieiicfe, a caMH na AbaBOJioBi) noxosKH... C'b ptiJia nepHHe, 
Hocbfl C'b rop6HHaMH, rjiaaautH, KaK'b y coB'b... Cxaa'b a. Bce 
OAHO d'hKaxb HCKyAa.., cnepeAH cofiaKa, noaaAM— ohh... Oahh'b 
9(|}iom>, hh cjioBa ne roBopa, ^o^•B Mena 3a BopoxoKi), Aa njiex- 
^Kofl KaK'b nmraHeix BAOJib chhhh... fl, 6hjio, cb Aypy-To: 
.^Ka-a-a-payjii>!** a xyxTb, raaay, h xt xpoe npBcxajm... my^HJiH, 



w 



P ▲ 8 Jl A A 1»* 91 

syHEJiH, dpa'raBR'B... Kamb »hbi> tojii>ro ocTajiCA, ABBHoe 
Ai^o... 

.. Offb BEMOJiHajTB H npoBejii jiaAOHBK) jitBofi pyKH no Bceicy 
JiHay; HaHHHaa co Ji6a, cb TaKOX) MOJiHaJiHBOK) BupadHTejib- 
«ocTLi>, HTo uah cTano ero acajiKo. 

— Hy, H qro-Ke?— cnpocH;n> a. 

— JIa HTo! 7];onoji3i> Koe-KaKT> aomoA,.. <7KeHa capamu* 
Baen: .ay, hto Tocnozib nocjiaji'L?** A botb roBop», tjiaah, 
^rro-.. SaBopoTHJi'L py6axy, Ka«y efi... „BaTiDinKH, roBopHTi>, 
RTO-S'L axo TeCa HcnecTpHJiB xaK'B, sa hto?* A sa to, roBopw, 
^To He XOAH OAHa, a xoah cb MaMeHbKofi... i];ypaKOBi> y^arb, 
xaicB Ha CBirk »htb... H cb AocaAU to, noHBMaeiub, ci> dCToA, 
CB oropieHBfl, Ha6pocHJica Ha (3a6y... ^aBatt ee hh sa mTO, hh 
npo mTo Rjio'iBTB... BupBaJiacB Ta, Aa 6'b3KaTb... Si ocaxdHl^Jib 
Aa CB ROJioiTB no AepeBH'h sa ned... 6try, a cb,mi> Kpniy: „MHt 
nonajio, h Te6'6 nonaAerb**... yxj> h He noMHK), KyAH OHa on 
MCHH Bi Th nopu ynpaTaJiacb... 

— BH)Ry a, epaTHHRB, — npoAOJi9Rajii> padCKasHHK'b, rJiflAH 
KaKHM'b TO nyrjiHBUM*b BsraHAOM'b Ha nonjiaBOKi> h, oqeBHAHO 
He BHAfl ero, — hto a*JI0 Moe— Ta6aK^... Bxb, Ay Man nponaAaft 
Bce, HanjieBaxb! Bpomy ji dry camyK) seiiJiK), y^Ay bi jidah... 
aBocb, MOJTb, He nponaAy... Afi, AyMaio, h pafioTU fioiocb? Ajih 
CHJIH h^pb? yflAy! YroBopHJi-b CBoioniKypexy, -6yAb ona orb 
MeHH npoKJiaTa orb HUH'b ao B'bKy! — IIpoAaJiH nomaAeHKy, 
oeei^, co6paJiH Koe-Kaitie xyHApw-MyHApH, ny h Toro... „npo- 
iH2l6, MocKBa, npon^aft CTOJiHi^at" H-Aa, 6paTHHicb, jiijihl ^usHb 
nposHTb— He MyTOBKy o6jin8aTb... H-Aa! — saKOHHHJTb oH'b h aa- 
MOJiHajTB, HaKJioHfl roAOBy H rjiHAa na cboh hofh, pacnyxmiH, 
KpacHHfl, Cb orpoMHUMH aarnyTUMU hofthmh na 6ojibniHX'b 
naJibijax'B. 

II. 

MojiHanie AJnuiocb aobojibho aojipo. Bi* KycTaxi, nosaAH 
Hacb, HadofiJiHBO-OAHOo6pa3HO HHpHRaJia RaRan-To nTUHita... B'b 
ocoR^, Ha Tofi cTopoH'6 HpyAa, RBaRaJiH JiarymRH... Ha noBep- 
XHOCTb npyAa to h a'6jio noAHUMaJiHCb aRejiToGpioxie ,xpHTo- 
Hu^... Bojibmie d^pne ROMapu 6trajiH no BOA'b, cROJibaa no 
Heft, TOHHO na Jiu^axi*. BAaJiH, fa^ BBAH'&iiacb nojioca Teic- 
Haro ejioBaro Jitca RyROBajia RyRynuca, h en MOHOTOHHan' 
irbcHa, RaRB-TO ocoCeHHO acno h othctjiubo CTOHBniaH bi> bob- 
jiyxi, — TOHHo Macjio no boa*, pacnJiHBaaacb noTHxoHbRy bb 

Heo6URHOBeHHO HyTROd THUIHHi... 

— CeMb!— cRaaajTB BApyrb HeoHHAaHHo MyaHRi h, yjiu- 
43aacb, nocMOTpiJi'B na Menn. 

— Hto ceMb?— cnpocHJii) a, He noHHMaa. 



S2 



nOffTbflqEB'L. 



— CeMB rOflOBTb MCHTba MH* OCTaJIOCB, — CKasaji'L OHt, — 

KyKymKa BOHTb KyKOBajia... CHHTaji'B h... Hy, hto-k-b... ceMb, 
TaK% ceMb, H TO jianHO... a no mh* xotb cettiacB — He aanjia- 
qy.„ Ckojibko hh hchbh, a yimpaTB He MHHOBaTB... TaKi* jih, 
fipar^mcB, a?.. 

— TaK-B, SHaHHT-B, H 6pOCHJrB flepeBHK)-TO, B'B MocKBy 

ymeji-B? 4t.o ace TaM-B? 

— I^'fejIHX'B, nOHHTaft, roa ro^a B'B ABopHHRax-B bhwchjtb. 
MomerB, H 6ojiBme6H npoacHJiTb, na KeneHKa, crepBa, cb xo- 
3JincKHM'B CHHOM'B cuyTajiacB... OrBijiacB, CBOjiOHb, Ha xopo- 
lUHX'B-To xapnax-B, saacHp-fejia, rjiaAKan CTajia, etjiaa, KpacHBaa... 
Hy, a eMy, anaMO, xyno-jiH. 

— KaK'B me th yanajiTb?— cnpocHJTB ji. 

— KaK'B, KaK'B!— TOHHo pascepflHBniHCB na Moft BonpocB^ 
BocKJinKHyji-B MyKHK-B.— ^o6pHe jiJOAH' rjiaaa otkphjih. Jlo6pHe 
jdiDAH 8T0My paflH, Me^Ky cjiHBHyTB... Hy, BHaMo, ocaraH'bjrB 
M, KJio^ncy eft... C'b M-fecia o6a ffOJioft... /Ijpyroe cxajTB nojmcKH- 
BaTB... TyTB yafB y Mean Koe-KaKie anaKOMHe aanejiHCB... Btmuio 
M'fecTO Ha $a6pHKy. B'B cTopoaca MeHH npeA*JiHJiH. Hy, JiajtHO. 
npii&xaji'B H C'B acenofi no yxpy, cji'feB'B cb ManiHHH, nonrejTB.- 
npHXOKy npHMo KB BoporaifB: CH^tHTB fliBa CTopoaa, vb maniKH 
orb Henero A^JiaTB nrpaioTB... Oahhb, KOTopHft noMojiome h, 
cnpaniHBaerB: „a 8to, roBopHTB, mena tboh, hto-jih?" ^ena, 
roBopK), saKOHHaa. A hto? roBopio. „JSfl. HHHero, roBopHTB, nnib, 
oEa y Te6H KaKan rjia^Kaa, CBiTan... CaMi> TaKHX'B juoOhtb... 
He cyMJrtBaficH, aeMJiHK'B, 6uTh Te64 na M-fecrt! 

— H HTO-acB 6paTHHKT», AyMaemB? — BocKJiHKHyjTB paa- 
cKaaqHR-B, noBepnyBniHCB ko MH-fe. HcTBnaHaa, ceft^mcB npo- 
BajiHTBCH, npaBAa. Ho 6a6'fe tojibko h Mena bbaji-b. TaKaa-TO, 
noHHMaemB, cbojiohb, ne npHBe^H Bopb. Hh o^ny cyKHH-B cuwh 
He ynycTHT'B— Bcfe mojioahh 6a6eHKH ero. BHcoKifi, Horn ^oJiria, 
C'b pujia pHMCifl. Anrjm^aHHH'B KaKoft-TO... necB ero BnaeTB... 
nonaAHCB TenepB — Y6hV>, HCTHHHHil Tocnoj^B, y6BH)! Hm-b, cbo- 
jio^aMT), Bce MOKHo.... HtTB, THpy! noroAH, h name Bpeita 
noj^xoflHTB! Mh BaM'B nponnmeM'b... 

— Hy, nocrymuTB a, npefl-fejiBJica, CTaji'B aHTB.. .JKeHemca 
TOHte Ha ;riJio nonajia, eft ipn CykawKH noJioKHjra... KaMopKy 
j^a.Tm Ha HeTBepBDCB: a cb acenoft Aa Mofl TOBapnm'B — 
CTopoa'B, Toace cb 6a6oft... nocM-feHHO mh cb hhm'b y BopoTB 
flemypHJiH... Si AB'feHaAi^aTB nacoB'B, oh'b— fliB'6Hann;aTB. 51 no 
HonaBfB, offB AHeM'B. Hy, noacHJiB... npHBHK'B, HaMOTajica.... 
j^ii3Hb, epaTHHR-B, (|)a6pH^Haa, ne npHBeAH Co8AaTejn>... aKM 
BOTi>, HCTHHHHft Focnoffb, B'B afly KHHHmB... Hapoffy MHoro;.. 
A'tBKH 9T0... Bce OTHaaHHHa... „fl;eHBrH BaniH, Cy^yr'B naniH"...- 
IJonaAerB oco6jihbo xoJiocToft, mchbo cb KonHJibeBX cjictht'b... 
Bo^Ky 3Ty rjiymarB, aKH Bo^y- B'B KapiH acaparB. Hajia- 



1 



P A 3 Jl A A t. 33 

naDTCH nLHHHe, noiiflyrL cb rapMoniKaMH, cb AtoKaMU ryjiHTb... 
niCHH opyTi), 6e3o6pa8HH^aK)n>... ct HoacaMH xoj^htl... CjiOBa 
He MorH cKasaTb — aapt^tyTTb, HCTHHHHft Focnoflb! Ox^aaHHtift 
Hapoji-b MocKOBCKift, He npHBe^u uapni^a HefiecHan. H 6hjio cb 
;iypy-To, no nepeoMy-To pasy, cTporo jxkjio noBejvb, ^a Mena, 
^paT^HEiis, atHBo yKpoTHJiH... ^eacypHJii* a y saAHHX'b BopoT-b. 
npHKaBaHO 6HJI0 Ha H04b HX'b sannpaTb, a bi> KajiiiTKy Oeziy 
limi HiiKoro He nymaxb... fl 6hjio TdLKi> h noBejn>, He CTajii 
iiymaTh». TojibKo botb paax cnHcy, rjiajib— H^^eix apiejib qejio- 
BtKi> Aecarb, Cb A'feBKaMH, np>iMo ko mh*. ,Th 9T0, rOBOpHTl), 
^ero znfkca, KOConysHif Hoprb, aa Ha^ajibCTBo cHAHmb, a?" 
Baui. MCHfl HH Cb Toro, HH CTy ccro no yxy, eaui) no jipyroMy, 
Ha^aJiii BajiTysHTb... fl 6hjio: Kapayjii)! A ohh mhIs poTTb-TO 
aajKajTH, jia n Toro— h no 6oKaM'b-To, h no ptwiy-TO... Borb 

3T0 MtCTO, OKOJIO TJiasy, HaCKp03b npOniHCJIH... KpOBH UB'b 

Meaii BunycTHjiH — KOHn,a-Kpaio ntrb!.. Ct* rfex-b nop'b, epaT^HKi, 
nouHo, maSam'b, no ApyroMy ji'hno noBeJix: hto m BHHcy, TaK'b 
ae En^y, hto h cjibimy— ne cjiHUiy... C6mjih (yh Mena (|)opcb-To, 
BZH uojinTypa cpaay cji'feBJia... H jsfkno Moe, rjiamy, cb 9CToro 
paay nomjio hiy ropy... IIpaMo CKancy: noJiroCaJi'b Mena napoA'b, 
A'^xoAHniKo Koe-KaKOH o6pa30Bajica... FjiaAHmb— Torb aanoa- 
zta^Tb, a npoflTH nyacHO, cefiqacb naTaneKi*... A to, rjiaAumb, 
113^ Ji&BKii Kb KaaeHK'b kto Boaoqei'b ht6 na noxM^Jibe... PasTb 
Cb qtjibBHM'b MimKOM'b ABOHX-b nponycTHJi'b... na nojiOBHHKy 

— IIpnBHK'b a... CTaji'b aa rajiciyK'b saKJiaffbiBaTb... KB,Kh 
jinumBE KonMKa aaBejiacb, ceii^acb eenoA'b noroTOK'b... Fpim- 
HHfi HejioB-feK-b, no HbaHofi aaBO^Kt orb menu noryjiHBaib 
ciajTb. MawaeJiK) o^ny cefit npimiaHHJi'b... Hto ona hh ao- 
C>y;ierb, Bce, fitiBajio, n nponbCMTb BMtcrb... HeMoaoAaa 6HJia, a 
iiojiioGnJica a eii .. npHCiajia, ne oTAepemb... KaKT* naacTHpb, 
HcTHHHtffl TocnoAb... 5KeHH TOJibKO a Bce onacajica cAypy-TO... 
OnacaTbCfi'TO nenero Cnjio: ona Aonpe^K'b Toro 9THM'b caMbiMb 
AtJioMii sanaaacb. Cnyiaaacb c'h Ta6eabm;HK0M'b... a mh*, no- 
HHHaemb, n hh kt> neMy... HoHb-To Mena AOMa H'bT'b, ay, a 
aHeMi>-To ona na pa6orb... IIpwAy no-yipy, nepexBany nero 
Hw Ha ecTb, cnaTb... A laM-b, raaAHmb, BHnbro... JltJio-To Ch 
OHO TaKi. a mao, a^, cnacH6o, 3Ta caMaa Moa MaMsejia raaaa 
MH-feoTKpuaa. „Th, roBopHTb, MapKe^Tii), nio anaemb? B^Ab tboh, 
roBopiiTb, MHaaa-To noaoBHRua ci> HrnaTTb THM0(|)eHHeM'b, c^b 
Ta6eabmHK0M'b, cHioxaaacb"... Bpemb?!.— ,CH^acb H3AOXHyTb,ro- 
BopHTb, He Bpy. CTynaft-Kacb, roBopnTb, ^acHKOBi) bi* AecaTb 
B*- Henyxy — yBHAnnib...' TaK'b ona Mni 3thmh caoBaMH cepAn;e 
npoHBHaa. Ax'b th, AyMaio ceSt, noroAH, a xeeii noKaacy Hrnarb 
THM0(|)eHHa, Ao MopKOBKHHHX'b 3aroBHH'b He 3a6yAembI.. Co6paJica 
3T0 a no Benepy... cepAHie KanHTi)... Tpaxnya'b noaoBHHKy A'la 

IlOJIb. OlAtJI'b I 3 



34 c. n A 'B a ^ E B -L. 

cM^JiocTu... IIpHxoHcy B-B Henyxy, a y^cB 3Ta nojiK)6oBHHua-TO 

MOH TyT-b. „OhH, rOBOpHT'B, BX KaMOpKi... Taiil) HXI), rOBOpHTl), 

KOHnania. BanbKa ByaHH'B co csoefi lUKypoft, MHxafijio Hct- 
poBHH'L fiyjiraxTep'b cl TaHBKofl rojiaflCKoii, jio, HrHaTi* Thmo- 
^eHH^b ct TBoeH HHBO TJiyinaT'B... CTynaa, roeopHrb, noJiioOyHCH, 
KaK-B 3KeHu-T0, BoFOM'b AajieHHHfl, OT'b My}Kefi nyaBH ^'fejiaiOT'L'*... 
PacnajiHJia mshh, OKaaHHaa CHJia, bo KaK-B— cipacTb... HoCi- 
isiajTh a BTb TpaKTiip'B... npouieji-B mhmo 6y(|)eTy, CKpo3B bch) 
aajiy, npaMO btb KaMopKy.., otbophji'b ziBepb, rjiaacy... ax'B th, 
CHJia oKaaHHaa... GumTh aiorb caMufi HrHai'B TuMO(|)eiiH'B, a 
Moa niKypa y Hero na KOJitHKaxT* h JitBofi py^iKofl aa meio 06- 
XBaTHJia... ntcHH noioTTb, a Ha ctoji*, nacynpoTHB-B hxt., 6yTHJiiCH 
ch nHBOMT), cTaKaHH, BaKycKa... Bx-b, B'fepHnib Bory, (SpaTHHK'B, 
KSLKh yBHuaJi'B a 9to, — nomeji'B, cjininy, no BceMy T-fejiy xojioj^'B, 
a nepej].!} pjiaBaMH, cjiobho kto (|)0HapHKii saxcerB, saMejiBKajiH 
oroHBKH, HaCTo a;iaK'B, HHfla rJiaaaMT* 6oaBHO... Hy, crpefi-B a 
ee TyTTb, noHHMaemb, hh cjioBa ne roBopa, aa rjioTKy, h nouiJia 
y HacB, CpaTHHK'B, nepe^'feJiKa... IIoackohhji'b 6hjio btotb ca- 
MHli KO MHt HrnaTB THMo^eHHT)... BacTyiiHTBca xorfejTB... A 
a ero Ka-a-K-B mapKHy fiyTHJiKofi ahbhoh... CpHKi) oh-b! npaMo 
Ha cTOJi-B... Ctojii* Ki* Hopi'OBOH MaxepHl.. XosaHH'B npHfitKajiTb, 
noJioBHe, rocTH, Ha^ajiH Mena yKpomaTB... Pasroptaca a, caai-B 
ce6a He noMHH)... KaKB KOToparo hh axHy,— cb hopb aojioAI 
Hy, oflHaKO, cinH6aH nena, kto-to no saTHJiKy 6yTHaKofl Ta- 
papaxHyjii*. IIoMyTaaocb bx rjiaaaxi), cBaJiHJica... O^yxajica b-b 
CoabHHi;*... H36HJIH Bcero, mchbofo M'fecia ne ooTaBHJiH... 

— HonpasHjica, BtimeJi'B hsb 6oaBHHUiH, Mena ceH^acB na 
BbiHOCB, K-B pac^eTy... nojiyHHji'B pacnerB, nomeaB, bhhhji'b, 
KaKTb cji-iAOBaTejiBHo... Ilofifly, flyMaio ce6i, . k-b 6b,6% bcjik) eft 
cpaMcaTBca, BM^cTfe yfl^eMi),.. JIaa;Ho! npnxoacy b'b KaMopKy... 
Hiiy ea... ciaji-B AOHCHflaiBca. TaaaKy, HAeiB. UocMOTptjia na 
MeHa aiaKB c6oKy, HH^ero He CKaaajia, jijhbh, He yanajia... IIjiaTb- 
HHiKo, rjiasKy, na nefl, jiapoMB hto na pa6orfe Otiaa, xopomee... 
TaKoro y nen, jiiyMaio. cjiobho ne 6hjio. SaKunijio, cjiHuiy, bo 
MH* onaTB Bce, KaK'B KanaiOK'B bx ^yryn'fe. — „3AopoBo, roBopio. 
AjD) He yanaaa?**— KaKB, roBopHTB, He yanaTbl Aab BHmejTB hs-b 
6oJiBHH£UJ-TO? Majio, roBopHT'B, Te6a, oaopHHKa, kjiohhjih... ^Ax-b 
TH, roBopio, JiaxyjipaTH a^aKaa.,. ^a a, roBopio, Te6a npdbpa^y 
ceAnacB B'B cojib h oTBt^aTB ne cTany. Si Tedi ktoV.. 4to bo 
CBHTOM'B-To nHcaHBH CKasaHo, roBopH), a? CKaaaHo: „«eHa ^a 
6oHTca cBoero Myata", a tm, Tpenjio, oto, a?.. CpaHcafica, ro- 
BopK), 6epH pac^e-TB... noHAeMi)... He ^Kejiaro a Qji^hch naxo- 
AHTBca." — H HTo->K'B TH, fipaiHHK'B, AyMaemb, oHa MH'& A^pa- 
Hyaa na aio, a? 

Pa3CKa3^HKT> aaMOJi^aji'B h BonpocHxejiBHo CMOipta'B na 
Mena, oacHAaa OTBtia. 



P A 3 JI A A '&• 35 

— He BHaemb? He j^afl Borb h 3HaTi>. ,He nofiAy,— roBo- 
^HTB, — Ha Kofi TH MH* HjTweH'B. TpenaTBCH-TO ci> Tofiofl?"— Xsa- 
THJio*se, noHHMaemB, y cbojiohh cMi^ocTH TaKia cjiona CRaaaTb 
My ay, a? Cxajio 6HTb, xopoma... XBaTHjio we cm^jiocth, a? Hy, 
rJiflMcy fl Ha Hee, cbohm'b yuiBWb He Btpio. — He nofljiemb? — 
roBopD. ^H'bTB... CTynaii omwh, kojih oxoia, a uufh h sAtcb 
asHTb mo«ho".— BcKOHHjrb H TyTb, tfpanHK'b, jxh 8a Heft... Ona 
3a ABepb no KoJizAopy... jjKapayjit!" KpHHHrb... a sa neft... 

KOJIHAOpi>-TO AJIHHHHfl, eCTb TA* paBPyJiaTbCa... CtWHTb OHa, 

a caiia orJiaAHsaeTca... A b, noHHMaemb, cjiobho bojikx ociep- 
BeHHJica... HacTHF'b, ciionaji'b sa aro m'&cto, aa hobouhhk'b... 
CtoAI Tenepb namal CmH6'b Ha uojvb, Aa HoraMH hoa'b 6oKa, u 
TaK'b H aAaK-b, h xaR-b h dAaKi... ByAeiub?— cnpaniHBaK).— 
»ByAy*t roBoparb.— ByAenib?— .ByAy!" BiybnHJiCH a eft jrbBoft 
pyRoft 3a nacTb-TO, 3aHcajii>, a npaBoft no MopA'1^-. BajiHJiocb Bce 
RpoBbD... Byiemb?— roBopK).— «By-6y-Ay"— CyJibRaex'b lOJibRo, 
noHHMaenib, a BHroBopHTb ne Mowerb, hto, AHCRaib, «6yAy"... 

Jlft TOrO, dpaTHHR'b, 6hJ11>, yCTaJI^ HHAa, cjiobho I]('JbJIbHHft AeHb bt> 

pom;^ pa6oTajii>. Sa^HJiii 6Uy HCTHHHbift Fochoab, AocMepxii, 
Ka6u ne xoaRajibift Hayirb BacHJiHH'b... cRa3aJiH eMy... npH- 
6'ksRdLJi'bj oxfiHJi'B, a TO 6bi RpumRa!.. 

— Hy, xyrb yarb h mh* onaxb nonaao... 6hjih, ne waaijm... 
j[lHpeRTopB Beata-b CRaaaxb, ^rro6u ynojmjTb, noRa ixbJVb, a 
xo-Ae naoxo CyAoxx. HoaHi^lK), A^cRaxb, noaoBexi... A «eHy 
6iixb He cifi^enib, h HHqero th cl nett CA'baaxb ne Moxcemb, 
RoaH OHa cb To6oft SHXb He aceaaexx... Hbao yxoAHTb, AyMaio, 
HHHero He noHHinemb, a RyAa?.. Eomeaii cb ropa wb RaaeHRy... 
JIi)6oBHBixy CBOD HOBBaa'b. Bsaan 6yTuaRy, Roa6acu Bsaair, 
BuiraaB. HomaH Bib TpaRxnpx, naio saRasaaH AB'b napn, 6apa- 
H0Ri> cAo6HHX'b 4>yHrb. IIoTOM'b Aaa^b eft Aenerb, cCtraaa ona 
sTb RaseHRy, npHHecaa en^e noaoBHHRy... H cA'^aaaca a, 6pax- 
^HRii, HbaHufi... Ona-xo HHiero, a a BApetfearn... crb oropneHba, 
BHAHo, ocaae^... BumaH ilb'l xpaRxnpa, xRHyaca a B'b Raaasy, 
ycHyai>, RaRb ynep-b... Ilpocnyaca— xeMHO, Ho^b. CoCaRH rA*-xo 
Cpemyrb, AoaAHRi> HAexi>, MopocHXX. OnoMHHaca, — raaacy — ca- 
norb Ha mh* ntxy... 51 — B'b nopxRH, RoraeabRa atxy... Bcro- 
HHai>, c4a%, Apowy Becb... 4x0, AyMaio, CA*Jiaxb xenepb? KyAa 
HAXH?.. Bet cnaTT>, xpaRxnpH aanepxH... naAO paacBtxy ao«h- 
Aaxbca... Hamynaa'b B'b KapMaHt Rucerb... B'b RHcext bhai 
MOft aeacHXT>. Hy, AywaiD, caasa Bory, xoxb bha'b-xo xjiax. 
Jlerb, Rapxya-b noji-b meRy, CBepayaca RaaaHHROMT>, RaR-b co6a- 
HOHRa, a ay6aMH-xo — ^xpa-xa-xa, xpa-xa-xa.. XoaoAHO, MORpo... Aa 
<rb noxMtaba-xo... CMepxbl.. 3a6Biaca, OAHaRO... B'b poA'b KaKb 6h 
ycHya'b... Onyxaaca, raasRy: 6'bao... ryAORi> opexT», MamHHa 
6tacHX%, cxyMHTb RoaecaMH oCx peabCH... JJpymjiH ntrb, nepe- 
cxajTb. 3apH aaHHMaeica, paa'bacH'iao, Ha neO'b ^hcxo... xopomift 

3* 



36 c. n Jt -B a ^ B B 'B. 

jieiLh fiyjxeT'b. C'feJi'b 3to a, ffocTajit KHceTB, cBepnyjrB, saKjr- 

PHJI-B. XOTfejI'B 6bIJI0 HATH... TJIHAb: OTT> (JafipHKH HO MOCTy 

6isRmrb 6a6a, majiBio noKpHTa... majiB TpenwxaeTca o^hhm'b 
KOHUOM'B... A B-feAb 9T0 OHa, AYMaio ceet, canan Moa MaMsejia. 
noA6"fe»ajia... saiiHxajiacb... „npocHyjica?' HpocHyjica. „Hto- 
«e 9T0 TH paayMHiHCb-TO? Fa* canorn? BaTroniKH, neyaceJiH 
cnajra?** — Cxajio Chtb, roBopro. UpocHyjica — H*Ty... Apyrie 
HaKaBHBajiH npHnacaTb. H KomejiBKa, roBopio, ntTy. H Kome- 
jicKTb ynepjiH. ^KomejieK-B to, roBopHTB, y Mena. fl Bsajia. 
y>KT> o^eHb TH cpaay, ahbhoc a^jio, ocjiaC'B: Tar^HJia, TamjHJia, 
cjiOBHO MepTBHft jieacHHiB. ^ypa a, canora He norasajiacB 
cTamHTB,— i^*JiH 6h 6hjih... Hafi, HSBaC-B?!" CMepTBl.. ,Hy nofif- 
jiewh B'h TpaKTHp-B... OTnepjiH... a Te6a o6orp'feK)... A tbok)-to, 

rOBOpHTB, MHJiyK) nOJIOBHHKy B-B 60JIBHHH;y nOJIOlKHJIH... OneHB 

TBI ee Benop-B paayKpacHJTB jiobko**... — HoprB cb nefi, roBopio, 
XOTB 6h noAoxjia... HanjiesaTBl — „Oh-jih?" roBopHTB. Hcthh- 
HHft rocnoABl— CMteTca, jik)6o efl. — „Bhaho, roBopnTi), sn'o 
He a, Aypa. H paaBi ne MorJia 6h, roBopHTB, tboA KomeJieK-B- 
TO cedi BBHTB?.. Ahi* He Bsajia, Mfffe Te6a SKajiKO. ynA^nib. 
TH BOTi), a a onaTB offHa ocTanycB... Khkofo y neHa niTB... 

BCe TyTB... H B-B 3KH3HH-T0, TOBOpHTB, CBOCH paflOCTH He BH- 

Aajia... IIInHTOHKa a, KaseHHaa... Bhjih, roBopnrB, Mena tojibko 
CeanepeHB bck) hchbhb... JKajiKo mh* Te6a jio CMepTH... onaTb 
a OAHa**.— Hy, Apyroro, roBopio, KaKoro-HH6yflB rycapa hoah- 
ni;emB... naJio-JiH... nafiAeTca. H mh* Te6a «ajiKO... npHBHR-Bl 
A HTO CTaneniB AtJiaTB?.. 

— Hy, nOCHA'fejIH mh b-b TpaKTHpt, boaohkh bhhhjih^ 
noxMiJiHJica a, naflKy nonnjiH... Ky^a-acB mh* TenepB?— roBo- 
pK).— »CTynafi, roBopnrB, b-b ropoA'B. CanoKOHKH nepBO-na- 
nepBO Kaida-itHCyAb tojiobkh noflepacaHHHa Kynn, a TaMi, roBO- 

pHT-B, HAH B'BAepeBHD, B-B pa60THHKH HafiMHCB... J^taO JltTHee> 

HapoAi> HyaReHi*. llpHTKHeniBca rA*-HH6yAi>" .. YTirnHJia Mena, 
noHHMaeniB, cjioBaMH bthmh, Apyroft cTajiTb, oatujiTb... Eme 
BHHHaH... npHHajidbB OHa HJiaKaTB... He nyn];aerB Mena: ^hochah 
Aa nocHAH, TaKofi-caKOi, HeMaBaHHHH"... HpoBoacaTB Mena no- 
mjia... Ha cboh nojiOBHHKy na Aop9HCKy Kynajia. Otohijih oti* 
^a6pHKH dAaK'B no6ojiBnie BepcTH^ cj^jih na 6epexcoK'B, bhhhjih; 
HBT) rop^nnniKa, saKycHjiH KOJi6acofl, hocha'^Jih... IIjianaTB oHa 
onaTB npHHajiacB, h mh^ ee, BtpHniB^ bx poA'b RaK'B xcaJiKO 
CTajio. 4y^®®H[^ 6a6a, Hcthhhhh FocnoAb! Xhtpocth wb nefi 
He 6hjio... npaMaa 6HJia, efi-Bory! 

— nOCHA^JIH MH. TOBOpHTB He TOBOpHM^, BIj pOA* RaK'B HO 

oei) HeMi>... IlJiaqeT-B. ,,Hy hto ace, roBopio, hath naAO... IIpo- 
nxafl, 6yAe, ne safiHBafi... MoaeTT> CTaTBca, cBHAHMca KorAa". — 
^BorB CT> ToCofi, reBopHTB, iiponi;afl, MapKejiB... JSflA Te6^ 
TocnoAH... MoaterB, roBopHTB, KorAa 060 mh* BcnoManeniB, a 



IfW"",!' ' '^mimm^^w 



P A B JI A A 'B. 37 

a, roBopimb, saBCH... HpaxoAH, kojih hto, uocjitflHroio KopKy 
rop-fejiyK) paBJttJiH) nonojiaMii, He noaKaJitio".., Hy, nonpoma- 
jfflcb MH... Oxomeji'b a maroB'B na cto, orjianyjicfl... Ctoh[ti> 
oHa, vJiUKBTb uwk BCJrtAi>... Eme OToraejTB, onaTb orjWHyjica: 
CTOHn> Bce Moa (5a6a, iisjj,djm BH«y, njia^ert... MaxuyjTB eii 
B^ajib KapTyaoMi*: „npomatt, mojixI** h noinejii>, h orJMAWBaTbca 
6ojibme He ciaJTB. 

— H-^a!— npoHBHecb My«HKT>, noMoji'iaB'B, — botb th u 
roBopH... Hyaaa, a... 

Ohi* He j^oKOH^iHJrB H onaTB saMOJiHaJi'L, KaiCB 6u hto-to 
jjyMan, hhbko onycTHBt cboh) KocMaTyro roJioBy. 



III. 

— npHraejn> a bx ropozii),— Haqajijb oh'b, o^HyBmHCB, — 
KyiiHJi'B Bi JiaBK* canoatoHKH no^epacanHHe aa Tpn TOTBep- 
Tajca. nomejit b^b TpaKTHp-B nafl HHTb... A senb ChjiI) Caaap- 

HHH, BT> TpaKTHpi BCfe CTOJIH SaHflTH, CtCTb HePA*— XoflHJTb, 

xoAHJTb npoMCHCb cTOJioBi), HpHTKHyTbca HePA*... nomeji-b 
6uJio yate BOH-b, XBaxb, — y caMaro y nopora bt, yrojiKt cnjinTh 
aa cTOjioMTb ipoe: MyxcHK-b, 6a6a m MajibHHK'b, b ojCHH'b yrojn> 
cTOJia y EHX-b CBo6oAeH'b... Tyrb a h npHMocTHJica... lloj^aji'b 
Mff6 mecTepKa naio, najmji'b a, CTajii) nHTb... Baaty — HeKana- 
HeHofi Bofloft Haft 8aBapeflT>... Hy, ^a yacb hto CTanemb ;^%- 
jiaTb, — nbio... MyKHK'b cb 6a6ofi Moanara, na Meaa norjiafl;H- 
BaioTb... MyxtHK'b c'b BHay cypbeaHHft, HeMoaoj^oll ya^, jiirb 
B^aK-b, cKaaaTb xeet, nonT. inecTbAecarb... 6opoAHma b6 KaKaa, 
no nynoK'b, na^'b raaeaMH 6poBH BHcarb cfeflHa, pocTy caMT> 
6oabffloro... rpysHHfi... GujvATb bi* ojsfio^ pyeamK-fe h Bopoi'b 
oTCTernyjTB, — atapKO eMy... Ba6eHKa aacynpvXHB'b ero CHflnrb, 
Haft paajraBaerb no ^aniKaM'b... KpacHOMopAaa, MoaoAaa, raa;t- 
KaH... He HHane, jiyMaio ce6% cHoxa bto ero... Hy, cb;i;hmi» 
8T0 MH, Apyri> Ha ^jpyacKy norjia^HBaeM'b... My^HRx B^pyrb 
H roBopHTb: „Th rosopHTb, aeMaaKX OTKeAa?" Jlfi. a, roBopio 
eMy, He aj^tniHift,.. KaayuKoft... Mcna-b na ^afipmct, pac^eaca.. 
PaacKaaaa-b ewy, KaK^ h hto... ^Ctaao Ohtb, th, roBoparb, Te- 
nepH^a 6e9'h j^iaoB-b?" — Beai fffeaoBX,— roBopio. *A th, cnpa- 
mHBaerb, pafioTy xpecbaHCKyio Moatenib BeciH?**— Hy, botb, ro- 
BopH), a caMTb xoaaHHT. 6ujrb. H cefiqacb 6h 6ujvb^ kslCu He 
6oacba neMHaocTb. „Ta-a-a-Kt! — roBopnrb. — H bha'b y Te6a 
ecTb?'' EcTb, anaMO... Cea'b BH^y HeuiTo BoaMoatHo. SaMoa^aa'b 
OH-b, noraaA'fea'b na Meaa h roBoparb: ^UoftAemb ko mh* na 
atTo Bi) pafioTHHKH?.. MHOFO-ab BoabMenib cb Mena flo Kaaan- 
CKoft?.. PaCoTaTb, roBopHT'b, na neTHpe AyniH... Hy, anaMO, h a, 
roBOpHTb, Toace noMoraxb 6yAy... A^ MHi, roBopnrb, neabaa aa- 



38 c. n A i> fl ^ B « i»- 

BCH-TO, y MeHfl flpyroe jt^Jio... yrjieM'B saHHMaiocb... bt> MocKBy 
nocTaBasK) Ha M'fecTa... 9tilut> KpyrjiH^ rojn> KopMJiiocb... CuffB 
y MeEH, roBopHT'B, ecTb... btj MocKBi MCHBerB no (|)yTJiapHOMy 
Ti-fejiy.., 3to bot'l, MOJioAyinKa-To, mena ero, a 3T0 CHHHOiKa... 
K-B IleTpoBy H ero BHnHmy Ha noKocb,— kochtc BMtcTi, 
TpaBH y MeHH MHoro... CBoefi MHoro, ;^a CHMaro eme pyGjiefl: 
Ha jiBajtuaTb hhtb... HejibBH Hnane, — cKOTHna: jiwh JiomaAH, 
^icepefieHOKii-cTpHraE'b, dbiK^b, KopoBa, obuih. HpHMO CKa«y — 
nojiOH^ ;iBopi, CKOTHHH... CaMii H BAOBHfi, cTapyxa naBHO 
npei^cTaBHJiacb... 5KHBy Borb ojiHH'b... ona BOH-b sa xosaflKy... 
CMH'b Bb MocKBi H, CKasaTb Teet no coBtcTH, Hey^^aHHHfi: 
conJie6 nepeoinOHTb... xyAoft, MaxoHbKifi, a sa Boporb-To aa- 
nycKaerb b-'i naKi)! B-b ziOMi* no^aerb njioxo, — saCacTOBnzHK'b^ 
cyKBH-b cbJEii... Hh bI) Bora, hu bT) Liapa ne BtpyeT-b... Paa- 
Bejiocb iixtj, aHa(j)eM'b, KOHn;a-KpaK) Htrb... „Cjia6oAH" nnib 
KaKoii-TO HM-b HaAHTb... MomeHHHKH! HanajibCTBa na^rb co6oft 
He nposHaiDT'b HHKaKoro, rocnoAaM-b rpyfiarb... KaKofi-HHfiyAb 
cyKHH-b cuhtj, e nitna-To eny MoneTKa, — roTOBi noctapt ce6H sa 
rjioTKy,.. »Tbi, roBopHTb, CTapufl nopx-b, OTKHJi-b CBoe, nopa 
TeCfl H Ha cBajiKy bI) naBOBi*, a to, roBopETb, OTb Tefia aapaaa 
iijierb",.. /lonycTHJTb i^apb-6aTK)niKa ao nerol H K'b naM-b b-b 
AepeBHio Tpoe noBaAHJiHCb xoahtb... Khhmckb HBTaiOT'b... jihctkh 
KaKie-To.„ fl pas'b BSHJi-b oahhI), AyMaJi'b— TpoHUKie orb npe- 
noAoCHaro Ceprla... norjiHA^Ji'b— BOTb xaK-b TpoHu;Kie! YpaAHEKy 
no^asajTii., laKb, mojiI), h xaKi), rocnoAHH'b ypaAHEKi), napoA'b 6a- 
jiaMyTarb, cynpoTEB'b Ha^ajibCTBa, Hexopomo... A OH-b, ypaAHHK'b- 

TO, CyKHH'b CMH'b, BBHJTb JIHCTOK-b, fla KaiCb CyHCrb MH* BT) pHJIO: 

axis TH, roBopHTb, CBOJioHb CTapaa, ne XBoe, roBopHTT>, A'feJio,-— 
HanaJibCTBO ii Ce^iy Te6a 3Haexi>I.. TaKoft ^e, bhaho, h ypaA- 
EHK-b— aaSacTOBffliHK'b! B-b xpan-b Boacifl—H xo nepecxajiH xo- 
AKTb... BaibKa cxajii) cepnaxb: „CJiy»CH, roBopnxTb, a ajis Koro, 
A4fl eafi-L**... A 6a6a.. caM-bnocyAH, KaKa cnocyAa, ^xo ona cmh- 
cJiHT'b, KaKa y neft MOJinxBa... 

— Hy, TaK-b KaK-b xce, roBopHXij, seMJiaK'b, hxo cKajKenib?.. 
IloAyMajiij a, noAynaji'b: Bce oaho, KyAa-^Tb hxxh, a nnxb-icxb 
HaAO, JlaAHo, roBopro. Cxajin paAHXbca... On-b cBoe, a cBoe bh- 
roBapHBaio,.. KptaKiu, Bnaty, MyacHK'b... Btiacara, npHHHMa.... 
Hy, Aa H a xoace ne najibii;eM'b cxpyraBij, BE^y, KyAa rHexT>... 
CxaKajmcb, couiJiHCb, nopaAEJiHCb... OxAaa'b a eny xyx-b ace na^- 
nopTi>, a oHt npBKaaaji'b noaoBOMy eni;e noaoBEHKy npEBecxH... 
BHnfljiH, cnpHCByjiB. ^noHAeMT*, roBopnxb, xenepBHa Ba 6a- 
aapij, BTi JiaBKB aaltAeM-b, noraaAEM-b xaM'b, hxo naAO, nopo- 
ceHKa BHSepeMTb, Aa e co XpEcxoMi) ko ABopaM'b..." BuniaE mu 
E3"L TpaKTHpa, EomaE BT* paAH... 3aniaE bi> oAHy aaBKy, Kpa- 
CHUM'b TOBapoM'b xopryeTb, Ba xpB pacxBopa, 6orax4K)ni,aa... Ha- 




P A 3 JI A A t. B9 

j^ojiy cTpacTbl noAomjiH mh Bcfe k-l cxofiKt. „j[l,aKa-cb, roBo- 
purb Moft HOBHft xoaaHHT) npHicaBHHKy, cHTizy, ;^a, tjih^ih, Ces-b 
o6MaHy, j^aBaft KaKoft noAoCpoTH'fefl**... „^a yatt CyAtre noKo^- 
HH-CB, — TOTB roBopHTb, — KosKa-CB, a He cHieni'L**... Hanajii) 
npHKamHR-b KycKH CB nojioKX KHjiaTb. Hanajia AKCHHbrouiKa bh- 
CHpaTb... BaCeHKa, BHHcy, Toro, rojiofl pyKoft He 6epH... Torb ne 
xopom'B, STOTh He jia^eHB... OTKH^HBaerb kjckh, KaKB HaBosB 
BHJiaMH... npHKamHRB HH^a cep'iaTb CTajiB,— ynapHJia OHa ero... 
BH6pajia no^B KoneitB... HaqaJiH ToproBaTbca... no ceMHaraaxH 
MOHCTb icynHJiHie apaiHnB... naflsa ceMb rpHBeHB cpasy. ,Te- 
nepH^a, roBopHTB, KpyateBOBB flaBafl ^a nyroBHUB". KynHJin h 
3Toro... „Hy, TenepH^a, roBopHTb xobahh'b,— noft/teMxe 6amMaKH 
noKynaTb Kb HjioiiiKHHy bb JiaBKy, a TaMB, roBopHTB, th, Ak- 
CHHbiomK'b, cKaBHBaJia j^aBe, ca'ioK'b, Hinb, KaKoft-To xeC* ny 
aeHTb? S^acb aa oaho 6h, Bce e^HHo TpaTHTbCH-To, aBocb, roBO- 
pHTb, aaHTeTCH... ATcaMB na MOJioflyro rjiHAHTB, h yjihi6Ka yuHJih- 
Haa Ha ycTaxB... Fm! — ayMaK)* npo ce6H... IIpHnijiH bb JiasKy, 
Beji-fejiB noKaaaTb nojicanoKKH. EoAaJiB npHKas^Hicb npociHe. J^y- 
MajiB, Hefiocb, 6a6a AepeBeHCKaa, KaKoro eft eni;e poHtHa... A 
ona, — BOHB Te a 6a6a, — Bsajia, fl;a KaKi> mBapKneTB nxB. — „Hero 

TH MHt, rOBOpHTB, AepbMa-TO Cyefflb... He BHAHBaJia a... th ff,K' 

Bag MA'S H^HrpeneBHe, na hhskomb KaCjiynt cb CjiaropoAHHMB 
CKpHHOMB, Aa KaJioniH pesHHOBbia MeJiKiH". XIoAajiTb totb. 
„I];'bHa?" — ^'PpH — nojicanoHCKH, fiea'b neiBepTaKa OTa— Kajiomu'... 
JIoBKo, AynaK) npo cefia... Afl, fla AKCHHbioniKal.. OTAajiB cia- 

PHKB fleHbra... BHRHHyJIB, BCe paBHO KaK'B COpB KaKOH... Hy, 

Aynaro, TenepHHa, hto CyfleTB... Ky^a noflAeMB?.. npuxo^^HMB, 
r.iaacy, bi* oaeacHyio jiaBKy. „Hto saMB yroAHo-cB?" „^a botb 
eae-feca^eKB KaKOtt-TO... ecxb y nacb?** „Ca^eK'b? HoMnjiyflTe-cb! 
y Hacb CKOJibKo yroAHo-CB... noacajiyftxe Ha Bepx'b'C'b..." 

— riojiisJiH MH Bcb 3a MajiHMB HaBepxB, Ha HepjtaKB, bb 
poffi KaKB Ha KaKyro-TO BHOiKy ajib na kojiokojibhio... Bcxpi- 
TfijiB HacB xaMaxKo Apyrofi mejihS... npHKaa^HKi), hxo-jih, necb 
ero 3HaexT>... BAopoBHfi, Mop^a jionnyxb xonexB, BHHHni;eM'b 
paBHXTb... OCpaflOBajica naMB... saKHAajiB cjiOBaMH... „Th, mojio- 
AeuB, — ^roBopHXB eny Mofi xoshhhb, — ne xoponncb, He xani^yii, 
HaMB He na noHcapB, noKasHBafi xoBapB nojiyHme"...— ,By;^bxe 
noKofiHH-cb, 6yflbxe noKofiHH-cb... Boxb iroacajiyrixe: KapxHHa-cb, 
a He caq^KB... HsBOJibxe Barjianyxb, KyneuB... rjiaaaMB 6ojib- 
Ho-cb... ocjitaHenib"... Cxoro axo h bb cxopoHKi, rjiamy na 

HHXB, H HyOTO MH-fc, HCXHHHHH TocnOAB, flHBJIIDCb H, ^ero 8T0 

OHH noKynaroxB. noHHMaemb, 6paxqHKB, caneKB 9Xoxb 6oji- 
xaexcfl Ha 6b,6% cjiobho xpanKa na KOJiy... hh icpacH, hh pa- 
WCTH... Ha Kofi OHB eft, Ayp*, ffyMaio, ca^eKB-xo 3Xoxb, HeyacjiH 
bb AepeBHi HOCHXb Oyjierhf.. JlaAno. Cxoro, K^y, ^xo AaJibine 
6yfleTB... MtpHJia, Mt>pHJia nama Ma^ana caHKOBB 3xhxb... 



40 c. n A i> ^ ^ E « i». 

mTyKi> AGcaTb nepeMtpnjia... Bce He no aeft! Hhcto, hohh- 
Moeiub, rojiOBa, fiapbiHa KaKaa... IIoA'jb Konei^'b h ashkomI) xpe- 
naxL, cepAeniHMM, nepeciajii)... noAaeTi) Mojma... Hy, BHCHpajia 
OHa, BH6Hpajia, Beprfejiacb, Beprtjiacb nepefl,i> aepKaJioM'L-To... h 
laK-b rysHOM'L-TO noBepflenb, h ojiaK-L... BH6pajia, rJiii^i'feTb na 
Cariy coB'fecTHO, Hcthhhuh Focnoj^b... „Jleiji,ewb jih btotl 6a- 
TK>uiKa, 6yAeTT>?" — cupaniHBaerB y cBeKopa. — „A mh* hto, — 
Te6t HociiTb TO... T,JiHjiu... Jlaj^eH^b, xaKT) jiafleH'b... ofi'b u-feHt 
6y;^eM'L roBopnTb... KaK^ i^iiHa-TO, a? Mnoro-Jib nojioacHinb?" — 
n3a aiorB-cB? C'l Bacb tojibko 6e3'b sanpocy BoceMHaAii;aTb 
ch noJiTHHOH-CTb! ^emcBJie Hejibsa-cb, Bcfe eepyTx... MOjia-ct! 
^>acoH'B ojiHH'b ^ero ctoutl... MaTepia"... Baaji'h Mofi xoaaHHi) 
y nero nat pyK-b caneK'b 3Torb, orjiajifknii KpyroMt, Bcipax- 
HyjTL, H ofiepHyjicH ko MH'fe: „KdLKT>, roBopHTb, ayMaeuib, mho- 
rojib flaBaxb?"— -J^a mhofo-jil, roBopio... 6yTHJiKn na ab* noAn- 
MeTij... — 3a CMiHjiCHnpHKaaHHKi).— „HoHHe. roBopHT'b,3a9flaKyK) 
rt-bEy Ao Btxpy He cxoAiinib"... Ha^ajiH ToproBaTbca, 6HJiHCb, 
fiii.incb, comjiBCb, cjiasa Bory, 3a ABtaaAU.aTb ch ^eiBepTbio 
;ia Ha ^aa npHKaa^HKy... B-b ABiHaAH;aTb, 3HaHHrb, copoKTb 
nriTb aioTij ca^eK'b-To BCKOMBJitl.. IlojiijsjiJi onaib na hhsT), 
CTapmeMy jieHbrii OTAaJiH... 

— nouiJiH nocjit Toro Ha nocTo;iJiuii, ocTaBHJiH TSiWb no- 
KyriKH... HexBepicy OBca JiomaziH BCHnajiH n onaxb Ha 6a3ap'B 
KT> ca^KaMT), rjit nopocax'b npoAaioxx... Xoshhh'b Bce Hm,exi> 
mrh 6opoBKOB'b KypHocaro, a MojioAaa CBHHKy. „BopoBa, roBo- 
pmij, MH'fe He Ha^o... cl 6opoBOMi> xjiohoxT) MHoro... JiHr^axb, 
roBopjHT'b, HaAO... xo... ce... 6epH ero ce6'6, kojih xonib... Bi- 
iiiaii Ha meio... a MHrb cBHHKy AaBaii"... Iliub xh, Aynaio h ce6*, 
DOXOMce, 0a6oHKa-To ciy HopoBOM-L... aaAOMi) CbexTb... KHyia, 
BUAHO, xojiBKo xopomaro ceet ne naiiAexi*... Hacxoajia 6a6a 
Ha cBoeMx, KynHJiH cBHHKy 6e3'b «iexBepxH 3a nnxb, na nocxo- 
h/ihH noniJiH, ocxaBHJiH ee xaMX, ABopHHKy naKaaajiH: norJiHAH- 
Bafi, MOJii), a caMH onnxb bi* TpaKTiipi> nomjiH naH nnxb... 
CtJiH 8a cTOJVh, xoafiHH'B H roBopHX-b:— „Hy, xenepma, ro- 

BOpHTTb, HaAHTb nOKynKH CnpHCHyXb... BKHbeM-b AKCHHbromK'L... 

H Te6t KpacHeHbKaro, Karopi^y xonib?" Hocxy^ajix. Be- 
jikiTB nojioBHHKy iio^iaxb npocxoro, Aa KpacHaro... EpHHecb 
naioBOH. BHriHJiH... Mni noAHocnx'b BnepeAT) CBoro... „neH,ro- 
BopoTi), He 6oMCH... H caM-b nbK). BoAKa y Menn saBCH... hh- 
KOrAa He nepeBOAUxca**. Hy, pasAaBHJiH mh ch khmx 3xy no- 
jioBHHKy, eni;e Bejiiji-B noAaxb... h 9xy mnoKHyjin... FjiHSKy, — 
Moii xosHUHTb aaroBopHJii) no ApyroMy: noKpacH'fcji'^b, bchox^ji-b, 
rJiaaa cjiobho MacjioM-b cMasajxi* m Bce, noHHMaeuib, na CaOenKy 
norjTHAHBaex'b... ^BHneii Aa BHneH"... Ta, rjiflHcy, BHHHXb xoace 
He Aypa: pioMKy aa pioMKOH xaKi) ii nomBupHBaex'b... CMiexca, 
ayOu CKajiHxi>... na Menfl norjiJiAHBaexT>... H cMoxp-fejiT), cmox- 



\^ 



P A 8 JI A A 1). 41 

p'bji'B Ha Hee, na Toxce, BOdbMH, rjiaaoM'B h MoproHH... ahc- 
KaTb: „a Te6a Moprany, a th J^o^aj^afica, a leCa noMaHK), 
a TH noABHraficH".. Tjiaacy, HHHero ona... pa^a... cMteTca... 
Hy, AynaH), Jia^HO, MapnejiB HBanuH'B, name cb to6o3 A'i^«iio 
Ha KOJiecaxi noixajio... A ero, craparo Jitmaro, pasBea-io: 
BSHJiTb d^aiCB pyKOft npasofl ee no njieny xjioinbl.. A noxoM-b, 
rjraacy, 6e3'h cTH^a aa rpyARH npHxaaTHJix. „Ba($a ona y Mena, 
roBopHT-b, ^opweHHaa... botb ona, a^TbcorB ziaHal TaKt, hto-jih, 

AKCHHBHJia HeTpOBHa?*— „OTCTaHb, rOBOpHT'b, CTapHft K06eJIb... 

limb, TeCa pa36HpaeTb Jinxan-To roAHHa. IloronH, noacajiyiocb 
Myacy, oui> Te noKaaei'b*... „BoK)Cb a, roBopHTb, TBoero Myaa, 
KaK-b JitToniHaro CH*ry... ConjiHKa-TO... ta* ysKTb eiiy... eMj 
Roaofi BJiaAttb, a He 9AaKoft 6a6ofi... Ohi npo TeCa h AyMaTb 
TO aaCmrb... nero enyl YTKHerb MopAy B-b KHHKKy... hh ^vltsl 
He BHAHTb... Mnoro th orb Hero noJiynaenib? Usa eijinxii, 
a TpeTifl KaKi> cntrb... ^o6biHa-To ero nJiionyTb CTonrb, h Bce 
Ha rjioTKy Aa na khh«kh. floMoft npitAerb, — jiioah rocTHHua 
Beayrb, a owh KHu^KeK'b noxaeanx-b... MyKHKaM-b HHTaetb, na- 
poA'b CMyiuaerb... H ahbhoc a*«^o... B-b Koro tojibko TaKott 
Hoprb ypoAHJica?! Y aacb h b^ poAy-To TaKUX'b ne 6HBajio... 

Ob HHMIb HaHaJIbHHKX TOBOpurb, a OHTj B'b Hocy KOBHpaeTb... 

HeniTo 3T0 nopaAOK-b? Cbojiohh! „Cjia6oAH** Hsrb, nepxaM-b! Bt- 
maiOTb AbaBoaoB'b,Aa najio... 3a6acxoBni;HKH oRaaHHne, Tb4)y!''... 
He yTepn'feji'b a: Hero, roBopio, KocTHinb-xo ero... Hto, mojit*, 
oH'b y Te6a aa paaeofiHEK-b xaKoft, HypKHH-b?.. 

— He jiioCjiid, roBoparb, Cojibao yMHH cTaJiH... A th mojihh, 
roBopHTb, He cepAH nena... fl, BunHMmH, nexopoimb 6HBaK)... 
He roBopH mh* HacynpoTHB-b nnqero... Hoprb cb Tofiofl, AyMan), 
He BeJiHK'b 6apHHb-T0... Knaab RaKofi, noAyMaemb, XoBaHCRiiS... 
CnoxaH^ HopTOB-b!.. Pa3o6paJio ero... RJiHRHyji'b nojioBoro... Be- 
jrkTb HHBa ab* 6yTHJiKH npHnecTb... Si nwTh He CTajrb, OH'b 
oAHHb BHjioRajrb... BnaoKaa-b, fipax^HK'b, Aa h Toro, rjia:Ky, 
CTi KonHJibeBi* AOJioft, onbflH'feji'b Moii MyatuR-b... Ciunrb, xjio- 
naex'b raaaaMH, RaRi* coBa, ii aaHKOMij ejie Boponaex^, a Bce 
6axBajiHXca:— H, roBopax'b, cynpoTHB-b AecaxepHii) bhcxok). — 
ARCHHba eMy He nepe^iiTij, cMtexca, a caMa mh*, noHHMaenib, 
rJiaaoM-b MopraexT>... Ax-b th, AyMaro, CBOJioHb th 3AaRaa... 
Baaxb 6h Te6a, Aa oC^b yrojxb... IIojhjih usiy TpaRTHpa ch mo- 
jioAofl aoniaAb rjiaA^TL, ROJieca Maaaxb... Hy, h CMaaajiH ate 
JiOBRO, — H Tenepb, ^afi. He CRpan^T'L... 

OH'b aacM'feajica h nocKpeCrb o6tiiMH pyRaMH rojioBy. 

— B*AB BOTb ont, 6a6H... BosbMH HX'b... HcxuHnHii Toc- 
noAb, Bct Ha oAHH'b noRpoH... Hy, anaMO, OAHa noxaxpae, 
Apyraa nonaome... onaa axaK'b rohuh cxopoHHX'b, Apyraa 
3AaKb, a A**^o-xo Bce oaho bhxoahxi»... T'b »ce nopxRH, Aa Ha- 
wjTb rauiHHKOM'b noBepnyTb... 



42 c. noji.'b&nEB'b, 

— CnpaBHJiH JiomaAB, noKyuKH yjio3KHJiH, otorjih iziBopHH- 
HHxi aa nocToft, cfejiH, BHixajiH sa Bopoia k-b TpaKTapy. 
„CTynafl, roBoparB mb* 6a6a, Tama ero nca 0TTe«a... 'lafi, paa- 
flpaC'B, KHceJiB KHcejiesTB**... nomejn> a... Fjwacy, cHflwrB Moft 
6ypjiaKT> 3a ctojiom'b, KJiroerB hocomtb, a MaJiB^HnncH Htiy npn 
HeMTb. FA'h-ac'B OHT*?— AyMaro. y nojioBoro cnpocHJTB: ne Bz^ajTB 
JiH, MOJix. ^Bt* fiujiBapAHyio, roBopHTB, nomeji'B". SarjianyjTB 
a Ty;iH. Btpno, rJiaKy, ba^cb oh^b... nannpocKa b-b ayCaxi)... 
KypHTB... Ax-B TH, flyMaK) ceei... bott^ yacB „CHffB bx oma, 
OTea-B BO nca, Bca ccMBa b'b etmeHyro co6aKy". BaajTB ero 
oTTe^a... noniJiH k-b caMOMy. HacHjiy cb nojioBHM-B cnycTHJiH 
no JiicTHHn;*... 3aBajiHJi0 na lejiiry, KaK'B fiopoBa... CtJiH, 
notxaJiH no ropo^y... pacxpacjio ero no KaMHaMT*, 6jieBaTB 
npHHaJica... BjiaatHTi) na bck) yjinay... roJioBoft ofix rpaflKy 
KOJioTHTca... caM-B Ceai KapTyaa... Hapo^-B H^ei'L, • rJiaflarb, 
CMiioTca... „/I,ajieHe jin, roBoparB, na/iajiB Beaeie?..** A TaM-B, 
noHHMaeniB, MajiocTS npo^axi, na^ajrh n-fecsn opart, ^a Bce 
HopoBHT-B noaadopHCTtM: 

^KanycTKa moh, Me;iKopy6/ieHHaji, 
OroftAH, iiiaHTpana, h 4ianyApeHHaa!.." 

— 'BxaJiH AO ABopoBx AOJiro... HotaajiH cejioM'b KysBMa- 
AeMbaHCKHMX, rjiHAB— a B'B HeM'B KaaeHKa, TpaKTHp-B okojio... 
Hy, 3HaMo: „CTofi! npHBopa^HBafi!.." IlomJiH B'B TpaKTHp-B... 
HacT) TpaKTHpmHK'B B'B oco6yK) KaMopKy,— noHerBl.. C^ caMKM'B 
aa pyiKy, cb 6a6ofi[ T03Ke... ^IIoacajiyuTe!.. Ha'B ropo^a-CB? 
HaHKy BaMTj? Tpn napti?.. C'b jihmohhhkom'b npHKaaeTe? Bapa- 
HOHeK-E-CB? CB-femia XpycTajieBCKia-CB'... C-feJin aa ctoji-b k-b 
oKHy. Mena xome nocaAHJin. ,,CaAHCB, roBoparB, KaK'B Te6a... 
Hero CTOHnib-To, lafi, mw He rocnoAa"... TpaKTHpniiHK'B npnaecB 
HaK), fiapanoK'B: ^IIoxcajiyfiTe! Hto B'B ropoA'6 HOBeHbKaro-CB? 
KaKT> HacHei-B JtyMH-CB? ^to cjiHniHO?" A Mofi h roBopnrB 
eMy: „Hh poHCHaa, roBopnTB, ne cjiHxaji'B... KaKa xaM-B^yMa... 
BHAyMaenib... Ha Kofl ona naM'B JiaA'B: hchjih fiea-B nea h ohhtb 
»CHTb eyAe^TB... HapoATb tojibko CMyn^aioT'B, a n Bce-To a^Jio 
HamueBaTb ctoht'b! Jl^aBaKacB, necH nojioBHHKy'*. BunnjiH, aa- 
xBaTHJiii C'B C060M ^exBepTB, cfejiH H no-fexajiH... 



IV. 

— IIpitxaJiH B'B AepeBHH)— cKOTHfly, rjiaacy, rosaTB, — npo- 
AOJifltajTB paacKaaHHKT). — CxpoftKa xopomaa: ab'6 h86h, kphth 
MceJi'feaoM'B, ABop-B ApaHKofi... CjitajiH, oinperB a JiomaAb. 
BuniJia KO MH'fe crapyxa, AKciOTKHHa MaiB... „Pa6oTHHK'B, ro- 
BopHTB, HOBUfi, BHaTb?" Jifi,. CaM'B MeHa cnpafflBBaeTTb: ,Hy 



P A 8 Jl A A t. -i^ 

^TO, rojioBa, KaK^ y mbim, no TBoeMy, a?" Ha hto yacB Jiyqnie... 
nojfflaa nama!.. H B^pHO, 6paTiHKi>, Bce y Hero b-b nopawfe, 
Bcero MHoro, Kaac^an Bemb y Mtcxa „H, roBopHTb, Bce 
npiotfpfcTB... MOHMH TpyjiaMH HaacHTo'*... IIomjiH b-b U86y... Hb4 
H86H-T0, o;iHa BUMHHfl, Apyrafl JT&THflfl, ctHHMH pa3;:(tJieHii... 
Bb OAHy — jiBepB KJieeHKOH ofiKOJioHena aeJieHofl, PBOBAHKaMU 
m4othmh npimiHTa, a cKo6Ka,~8a hto oTRpHsaDTb-To, — TOHce 
MtOTaa, HaHHmeHa, cjiobho bojioto, hcthhhhh TocnoAL, ropbMa- 
ropHrBl.. OxBopHJTL xo3flHHi» 9Ty flBept: .marafl!^ roBopHTL. 
BofflJiET. rjia«y a, (JpaxHHK'B, ropHHua, na H86y He noio«a... 
cjioBHO, rojioBa, y rocnofl'B... cxyjiba, ^HBaH-B... crtHH oCohmh 
o6euhth... noprpeTH bhchtb.,. bi) nepeAHeBTB yrjiy Bosba 6jia- 
roAaib, Bce Bi pBaaxii... na nojiy hojiobbkh noAOCTJiaHH, hto6u, 
3Ha^HTb, nojTB He TOHTaxb canoraMH... I^b^xkh bt. ropnucaxii... 
RHceHHUfl aaHaBiiCFCH na 0KHaxi>... Xopomo, rojioBa, hcxhhhu^ 
rocnoA^, fiapHHy acHXb!.. 

— „Hy Hxo, roBopHXT>, KaKi> no XBoeny?" a caMi cirtexcH,. 
jiid6o eMy. „CaMH-xo, roBopaxB, m&i 8fl4cb He acHBeiTB... Hemxo 
MoacHO, 9X0 y Mena ajih rocxeft, KoxopH flocxoftHH... y Mena 
a^tcb, roBopHxii, cant 6axK)iuKa-rpa(J)i> mojioaoS 6hjib ne oahh'b 
paaij... HoKoHHaro cxaparo rpa^a, Hbe mh 6apcKie 6hjih, ch- 
flOKi. TenepeiUHee BpeMa ohx, roBopaxx, Bt EHxept, k-b i;apK) 
6jih30K'b... coBtxy rocyAapcxBeHHaroHJieffB... Mnoro a ox-b Hero 
Ao6pa BHjiaji'B... Xopomij oh-b AJia Mena... A boxx CHHKa Moero 
He xoro. He jik)6hxb... ^KpaMOJitHHK'B oh'b, roBopHXB, y Te6si... 
AepatHero cxporo... Bb AepKBi roBopHXT>, HHRor^a ne BH;Ky**... 
A caMi» Ao xpaMa 6oacBaro boxt> KaK^fi— yffHBHxejiBHoe a'^JioI 
Hhcxo, noHHMaemb, yroAHHKB KaKoft... HM^HBe ero cyMeatHo 
CB naraefi aeMJioif... 3axoAHXTb ko MH-i. IIpo cxapHHy jik)6hxt> 
noroBopaxB, KaK'B flonpeatb mchjih... „Ha, cKaatex^, ACpaMi), pa- 
aopHJiHCB cxapHH ABopaHCKia rntaAa... paaopHJiHCb!** HyxB 
He sanjiaHexTb cepAeinHnfl... „A leaepB-xo, CKaxcexB, hxo, a? A 
Bce, AepaM-b, oxB xoro, hxo bojih, cjiaGocxB, yqeHbe... Tbi b^ab 
Boxi>, CKaatexi>, yneHHW, hxo-jih?" HixB, same-cb. „A B'hjih 
KHBenib?" — Jlaft 6orB BcaKOMy, Bame-CB.— ,To-xoboxt>, cKamex-b, 

H OHO-XO. ECJIH BaCB BCtXB yHHXB, — BH Ppa^aMH BaXOXHXe 6HXb... 

Kxo-«e 3eMJiio-xo naxaxb cxaHexi>, a? Mh, hxo-jih?" Xo-o-o-po- 
mift ^ejiOB^K-B. ToJiBKo BOXT» AO aceHCKaro ecxecxBa cjiaeeneK-B... 
Ba6y jih MOJiOAyro, AtBKy jih cb nnwb oahhm-b ocxaBJiaxb, xoro, 
noroAHHib. Cjiafix! Hy, a npHsnaxbca, — xh xojibKO noMajiKHBan,— 
CBOK) Aypy AKcroxKy noAcyny eny: paajiHBaft, mojtb, ^ajK ero 
ciaxejiBCXBy, a caMTb 8a AsepB.,. HanjiesaxB, AyMaro, hxo ettA*- 
Jiaexca... He aroAKa, ne nepeBpiex'b, ne onapa— na mecxoK'b 
He yMAexi>... A mh4 aa axo, rjiaAHnib, KpacneHBKa! OxTb Hero 
atHXB noinejTB, efi-6ory!.. Yrojib boxx xenepb «ry B'b ero pom;*.. 
Poma xo, no^Hxafi, Aapwa mh* Aocxajiacb,— a KaKofi yrojib xo... 



44 



C. nOJ^'BJiHEB'B. 



OAHa 6epe3Ka... SBeHHTx!.. yrojiBmHRi) y MeHii HreiTb, Bam-L 
Kajiyi^Kofl, seMJTHK'B tboh... flsi hmh... TaK'L botb KaKt, mh- 
JiOKTb, ;^eHeacKH-To Ha^HsaiOTX, a He no HHH'femHeMy: „KTO-cTa 
H? yTieHHja!** 3a6acT0Biu;HKH fieanopTomHHe, aepa aacL HoprB. 
HepeB'femaji'B 6h sacL naHHCTO, MomeuHHROBi! 

— MojiHy a... He nepeny... XoaaHH'b! noTpa(|)jiaTB nano... 
IIoniJiH B'b JtpyryK) H36y... ctjiH sa ctojiI)... yMcimaTB BeJi'feji'B 
cofiapaTB, ^BTBepTHyio pacne^aTaji'B, HajiKJi-B b'b rpa(|)HH'B. CaM-B 
BHHHJi'B H Mat noAHccB. CxajiH ysKHHaTb. Xap^H, rjiHScy, xo- 
pomie. mn co CBHHHHoft, m^h 6'fejioK KanycTH, Kama cb cajioMi), 
KBacB, jiiofioTa! noy^imajiH, oHt h roBopHT'L: „JIo»chcb lene- 
pH^a cnaTB... xotb sjsfhch, xotb b'b ctHmax'B... B'B ctnuax'BTo 
noKOH, a BflicB (5a6H BCTaioTB h^m'b cb'&t'b, rpoMNxaroTi)." Jla^Ho, 

rOBOpiO, MHt BCe OAHO,---B'B CtHLiaX'B, TaKX B'B C'feHUaX'B... 

^nofi^eM'B, roBopHTB, a Te6i yKaacy rflt. AKciomB, AaKocb eMy 
nocTejiHTBca Hero-HH6yAB B'B rojiOBamKH. «A a, noBopnTB, 
Jiofifly, Ha neHKy, pasjioMaJio Mena jioporo^ to, pacxpacjio... 
CEHHt 60JIBH0". Ta-a-K'B, flyMaio ce6^. Ax'b th, CTapHd ^oprB, 
pacTpac.no Te6a!.. Ymeji'B oh'b. IIoMOJiHJiea a Bory, Jier-B... yc- 
flyji'B, TO^iHo yMepi). Jl^ojiro mi cnaJi-B, ne SHaio, tojibko cJiHuiy 

CKpOBB COH-B TOJIKaeTl) MBHa KTO-TO HO^'B 60K'B... OxKpBTJI'B FJiasa, 

CB npocoHOK^-TO Hc HOHMy, vj^b a... Kto 9T0? „a, roBopHT'B... Hto 
TH, aJiB Hcnyrajica? HefiocB, roBopHrB, ne ;5omoboh,— AymuTb He 
Oy^y".. AX'B TH, AyMaK), npiiTKa Te6a 3aOTBn!.. Bo aceHH-To!.. 
HamH xoponiH, a 9th eme HHme... ^to th, roBopio cnepsa, 
onyM'fejia?.. CnacH Bor'B, caMi) ycjiHmnT'B, oTB^b^afl TyT-B HS'B-aa 
Te6a... „He6ocB, roBopHT'B, ne ycjiHniHT'B... Bnaro a... chhtb, 
CTapnfi HoprB"... A mhofo-jib BpeMa TenepB? Cb'St'b, hcCocb, 

CKOpO? „A BaH'feM'B Te6'fe, rOBOpHTB, CBtTB-TO?..* XOXOHBTB 

nofljiaa. JIobko, roBopio efi, 3to th... ne anaMniH HCJiOB'feKa, — 
noJKajiyHTel „y jioBKaro, roBopHT'B, Bce jiobko".— A Myac'B-TO, 
roBopH)... BOR'B CBeKop-B TOJKe... BH^cy, HedocB, a...— „7Ia ^to th, 
roBopHT'B, K'B oCi^H't a K'B Tec's, HTo JiH, npHHiJia, at Ha Ayx'B 
K-B nony?". 

A H TO, AyMaK), MHi-TO KaKoe A^Jio... HanjieBOTB!.. 

— yniJia OHa ot'b Mena, ;ioji3kho, nepe^'B cb'Stom'b... Tojibko 
6hjio a rjiaaa aaBeji-B, cjinmy: sanrpaji'B nacTyx-B bi^ acajiefiKy, — 
CKOTHHy BHFOHaTB. BcTaBaxB, AyMaK), MH'6 ajiB noroj[i:HTB?.. Jleacy... 
cJiymaK). noniJiH, cjinmy, 6a6H na ABop-B KopoB'B aohtb... ITo- 
AOHJiH, aacKpnn'fejiH BopoTaMH, — BHrnajiH CKOTHHy na yJiHuy. 
TjiaHcy, HAerB caMT>, — tojibko iipocnyjica, — KOCMaTHft, paavM- 
mHCB. — Hy, roBopHT'B, KaKi> cnaji'B na hobom'b-to M'fecT'fe? BcTa- 

Baft... A'feJIOB'B HaM'B HOH'6 HO TOpjIO. B'B MoCKBy HO'feAeM'B Ha 

AByx'B CB yroJiBeM-B. HonBeM'B ^aflKy, saKycHM'b, notAeM-B na 
yroJiBHHuy HacnnaTb... BcTaBafl". BcTaJi'B a. HanujiHCb ^aro, no- 
saBTpaKajiH, hoahccb oh'b MH'fe CTaKaHHHK'B, 3a6paJiH cnocyAy, 



P A 8 JI A A I. 45 

KyjiH TOHCB, aanparJiH B'h iiojikh — ncfexajiu Ha yrojibHHuy. Ilpi- 
•fexaJiH TyAa, Hanajiu HacHnaTb hsx KyiH yrojis... IlBMaaajica a, 

aSH HOpTB RaROfi... nOTbfl 9Ta CB HenpHBHHKH-TO B1> pOTB Ha- 

fiHJiacb... Orb awb ahmi i^eTB, rjiasa 4cti>... IIJiiOHenib — 
cJiioHa nepnaa... A acapKo-TO, — ^jiyxoTeHL... A xoaaHHy cb yrojib- 
HHKOM'b HHHero, Taici> cjioBHo H HaAo... SnaMO, npHBHqKa... Hy, 
HacHnajiH — cjiasa Bory... nHTb cMepTb saxortjiocb... IIoniJiH 
BCt Tpoe B-b CTopoaKy, ffocTajix xosaHH-b fiyTHJiKy,— BwanjiH, 
nocH;i*jiji, noixajiH HasaA'B b^ BoaaMH WMofi... Jl^oMa He 
MtuiKajiH, He oTnparajiH... ^hbo cpaAHJiHCb onaxb, — sa- 

KyCHJlH, BHUHJIH... ^Uome^'b CO XpHCTOM'b!'* OhX Ha HaJIOft KO- 

fiHJxt nepeAOM'b, a na caapacoM^ «epe6eHKli, iiosaAH.-. t^io- 
ina;iH SAopoBHa, npHBH^HHa,— npyrb... cjracTb KptnKafr... Bee 
ycTpoeno, KaK*b naflo 6HTb, ne Coflca, mto ocb cjioMHiub. He 
ciOMHmb— acejr&3Haa... 

— C-BiaAHJiu MH B'b MocKBy Cb yrjiCM-b, Bce no xopomeMy... 
Ha8a;^'b npitxajiH... Kjia;ib OTry^a aaxBaTHJiH B'b ropofli*... Oiiaib 
;ieHbra... He nopoacflgM'b... CxaJTba y Hero acHTb... He^tJiK) MCHBy. 
npyryK), xpeTbio... BH»y, HH^ero: xiHTb Moasso... AKcroxKa 3Ta 
jum Mena — Jiynuie 6HTb ne najjo... Cxapyxt, efinoM Maxepa, 
noxpa(|)UJi'b... JKuxb MoaHo. PaCoxM oco6o xamejioft ntxy... 
SfiaMO, xpecbancKaa, xo, ce,.. Hy, m Bt^b mh4 He npHBHKaxb 
cxaxb... Ho npasAHHKaM'b B'b xpaMi* Bo^Kld o6Ba3axejibHo nocu- 
.lajirb xo8aHHi>... CaMi), 6HBaJio, uoH^erh, kojih AOMa, h Mena 
c-b coCofl. ^nofiA^M'b, CKaacexx, MapKeji-B, BoaejiaroAapHMi. 
FocnoAa ^a ero Bftjinicia h Coraxua mhjiocth**... Ho npasAHii 
KaM-B B'b AepeBHt Becejio 6hjio... ^epeBHH eojibmaa... napoAi* 
Bce MacTepoBofl... nrpynucH jibt> aecxn A^Jiaioxi)... HcnpaBHbift... 
jioBKifi... JI,'bBKH 3X0... Bco 6ojibme Ha (J^aepHK* atHByxx, npo- 
sKaeHHHa... Ha yjiux^t-xo cxohi^ cxoHX'b. Hy, a, anaMO, ao 9Xoro 
He KacaJica. fl, fipaxHHK'b, no ApyroMy yAapHJii). JSfiBQ a xefii 
cKasHBaJii), KaKTb xoaanH-b-xo Moii B'b xpaKxnp'b roBopHJi^b, hxo, 
MO.Tb, noBaAHJiHCb K'b HHM'b B'b A^peBHK) xpoe... HapoATj CMy- 
maxb... zs,6HJVbl 

— nOMHD, — OXBtXEJI-b a. 

— BoxT> 3X0 caMoe... Mn-fe, Momerb cxaxbca, h He K'b Heny 
6bi, H He Bflaji'b 6hi a npo hhxi>, Aa A^^Jio buhijio KaKB-xo 
caMo co6ofi. Ohahm-b mh paa'b cb xoaaHHOM'b B'b H36t, Haft 
HbeMTj. OKomKO oxKpHxo... TjiaAb, iiAyxT> no yanA'b mhmo okoh-b 
xpoe... OAHBTb noBHme Bcbx'b B'b mjiant, a xt ABoe B'b Kapxy- 
saxi}... Hbe xaKie, — roBopro a,— rjiaAHKa-cb? HocMOxp'bJi'b xo- 

BHHffb. IIjnOHyfl'b. ,A BOXX 3XH, rOBOpHXT>, caMHe CMyXbaHH-XO, 

THxaxopH-xo H ecxb". KyAH-acH axo ohh? „KyAH? HAyxTb, BHmb, 
KaKi> H BOAHxca, K'b HioHHHy ABopy... TaMaxKo y HHX'b Kjiyfi'b, 
npEXOH-b...' JJ,eL noroAH, y:Ko, nonaAex-b BaM'b, a MainK't ne mh- 
HOBaxb ocxpora... 71,0Hecy, Hcxhhhhh rocnoAb"... 



46 C. nOJ^'bSL^EBTi. 

— IIoflAy-Ka-cb H, roBopro eMy, cxoaty Ty^H, nocjiyinaio, 

HTO TaKOH^a... JIIO60IIHTHO. 

— CTynafl, roBopHTB, tojibko cmotph — anafl Kpaft, ^a ne 
na^aft... 

HoineJi'L a... Fjiaacy: to^ko, okojio HioHEHa ;i;Bopa Hapo^i... 
T* Tpoe CHAflTL Ha CKaMbt noAi> OKHaMH, ABoe naiinpocKH 
KyparB, a TpeTi]&, bt* lUJinn'fe-To, paaroBapHBaerB.. MyHtHKH 

BOKpyrB, KOTOpHe CHAHTT>, KOTOpHG CTOHT'B, CJiyiHaJOTL. HpOTH- 

cKajica a no6jiHMce, CTaji'L cjiymaTb... ToBopHTb GapHH-B, BH/fcy, 
Bce no-xopomeMy, jifkJio, a He nofiMy a nyieM'b, He BHHKay... 
JXdL H TAt-acB MH*. OpaT^HK'b, caM^B nocy;iH, cpaay nonaTb 

OHJIO... 4t0 a RO 3T0r0-T0 CJIMXaJIl), KaKU CJIOBa? MaTSpHHCTBO 

OAHO... Aa ^CBoaoHb", ^bi* phjio", ^MyatHKB", ^AypaK^"... Sx-b- 
Mal H-Aa!.. 

Ofl'b noMOJinaji'b, noAyMaJi'b, onaxb nocKpeO'b rojioBy h 
npoflioaatajTb: 

— HaHaji-b a Cb 3CToro paaa xoAHTb, cjiymaTb Hxt, otkphjih 
OHH MH'fe raaaa, nonaji'b a, b-b ^eM-b A'feJio-TO... noBasKy cb 
MOHX'b rjiaa-b cnajiH... Hy, CpaTHnK-b, u jijdjxvl ate, Hcthhhhh 
rocnoAb, njiflH HiTTb. A stotb, btb niJiant-TO, HHKOJiaH HBa- 
HH^eM-B 3BaTb, KaKTb HaHHeT'b roBopHTb, — HTO TH, TOJiOBa!.. 3acjiy- 
maembca... oxKyAa ^to fiepexca, eii-Bory, hhcto botb y Hero 
no Macjiy xaK'b h njinBerB... 3a cepAi^e xsaraeTB, HcTHHHHft 
rocnoffb!.. XosaHHTb Mofl, BH«y, ciajiTb Toro... kocumh rjiaAirb 
Ha Mena... „Hero th, roBopuTi), Ty^H noBaflHjica... KaKoro 
Hopia... Hameat Koro cjiymaxb. . HexpHCTH, cyKHHH atTH... 
Cmotph, roBopHT'B, b leC'fe nonaAerx... Moany a... HH^ero eMy 
He nepe^y, a caMTb npo ce6a ymi) 3a naayxoft KaMymeK'B npu- 
nacB... IIonpoTHB'feJi'B oh'b mh*, CpaMHK'B, xyace Apanofi kohikh... 
3AaKie-T0 botb AtaBoaa Bce h a^JIO-to raAflT'B... Mnoro b^ab 
HX'B, HepTefl, H HH^'bM'B TH HX'B He npo^Menib, HHKaKHMH cao- 
BaMH... xyace Chkob-b, HcthhhhA TocnoAb! HeofiysAaHHHfi na- 
poA'B, aacKopyaaHH... ToabKO h 3a6oTH, KaKB 6h xanHyrb tji% 
ofiManyTb, naasHTb, 6oabme nM-b hh po^na ne naAHTb... Hy«oH 
6iA'fe paAH. a pas'B KaK'b-TO h cKaacH eMy: Bce, roBopio, ohh 
HCTHHHyH) npaBAy roBopaT'B. HirB b-b hxhhx'b caoBaxi* aaKH. 
BoTi) xoTB, roBopro, nac^erB aeMJiH... HemTO 3T0 nopaAOKB: 
y OAHoro THca^a ABcaTHH'b, a y Mena h^t-b HH^ero. Bohb 
xoTb y BA'feniHaro rpa(j[)a-T0 TBoero cKoabKO 3eMaH-T0, a? Iloao- 
BHHa yisAa, a na koft ona eMy ^opTi)? CKaaaai), Aa h 
caMTb He paA'B... BaTroniKH-CBiTH, naKHHyaca oh'b na MeHa!.. 
„^a TH, KpHnHTX, Hero 3to, a? B-b hxhiok) B'bpy nepe- 
mea^... oxpaBH xsaTHa'B... axi) th, cyKHHB th chh-b, Ay- 
paK'B... 3AaKia caoBa!.. ^a cKa)KH a ero ciaTeabCTBy npo 
AepsHOBeHHHa p'feHH tboh, — HTo OH'B TOFAa CB T060H cA'&aaerB? 
EMy ToaBKo oaho caoBO CKaaaxb — h KOHHeno, h H'bT'b neaoBtKa. 



^flp 



»"i '« M I.I. 



P A 3 JI A 4 'i». 47 

^paKTb th! HaMi> jih cb hhmh paBHHTbca... On-b kto? rpacj)^! 
H ponHxejib ero rpa(|)'i), h poAHTCJieBt po^HTejib rpa^Tb, laK'b 
H HAeTB KOJieco... 3eMJia AapcTBeHHaa, napeHaa... ^ypaKT>, — 
aapHMH Aapetta! 3a BHCJiyry. Crajio Chtb, ohh ctohjih Toro... 
CMOTpH, Opal's, KOJiH ycJiHUiy eme, cxynafi xorAa, r^t Chji'b... 
HenajloCeH'B 6jjieuih, h pacqeiy He jxa,wb, jib. eu^e h ypHAHHKy 
npeACTaBjiD". 

— Hy," HTO TH CTaHemb cb hum'l, co CTapMMi> haojiom'b, 
atJiaxb... Mojiqy a. JlaffHO, mojiT), xojiKyfi, kto oxKyjib... JKni^y, 
paGoxaro... Ci xoponiHX'b xapHeft B-b x*jio BXOAHXb cxajii>... 
Illen 8X0, MopAa... He xo, hxo cefi^acb... Jlonnyxb xo^exT>! 3a- 
BCH, no'iHxajft, BOAKa, xapHH xopomie... AKcioxKa axa canajr... 
juofioxa, HcTHHHUM rocHOAb! noKOci> no^omejiT)... cb IlexpoBa 
3auocHJiH yca^bdy, a Kh KasancRofl cuhb hsb Mocrbu npl- 
ixajTb... IIoKocy, xpaBH cxpacxb ckojibko... CBoel! MHoro, ^a 
BaHflXofi BffBoe... 3HaMo, OAHOMy UR'h He ynpaBHXbca, a caMOMy 
CO MHOH Heaocyrt. To, rjia^nrab, btb MocKBy, to eme hxo,— Bce 
oxpHBKa... Jlfbjio He SRjXQVb, a HaHaxb HeKoro, Bct sa CBoft Bsa- 
Jiucb... TaKi» H npHmjiocb cuHKa Hsik Mocrbu na noKocb sBaxb... 

npitxajn* OH-b hs'b ropoAa co cxani^ia noAT> Be^epi, bb 
caiiyiD KasancKy, Ha AMn^HRt napolt, cb ROJiOROJibHUROMB... 
Mu AynaJiB, Rxo xaROjK? Ahi» XBaxb,— 3xo oht». CocKoinjiB ch 
xapaHxacy. HajibXHmKo Ha neBTb jierKoe, 6pi)H0HRH na BwaycKTb, 
aKHjiexKa, npH ^acaxT>... (|)y-xH, ny-xti! PyfianiKa na Bopoxy 
niHypROM'b nepeBasaHa, Ha Horax'b iii;u6jiexu, bohx^kb... Ba- 

pUH'b, HCXHHHU& FoCaOAb! 

noji^s'b 8X0 BB KapMaHi>, AOCxaJiB KomeJieRB, oxAaJii) am- 
ni;HRy aa noABOAy, bbajib hs'b-hoa'b CHA^Hba yseJioR-b SAaRofl 
He6ojibmoii, nomejii) aohoS B'b H36y. 

Mh chahmx Bct 3a cxojioMX, Han nbeMib... mojihhmb... xo- 
8flHH-B HHAa noxeMH^JTB Bccb. HacynnjiCH, rjiaAHXT> bb 6jiK)AUe... 
AKcroxKa noKpacHtJia, 6tjibMaMH-T0 xaKX h cxptJinexT>... ana- 
exB, noraHb, Hbe mhco CBtjia... MajibHHmRa pasHHyjTb poxB, 
ycxaBHJicii na ABepB, fjihahtb bo Bcb rjiasa... 

Hy, bxoahtb OHTb. KapxyaB na hcmb naAtxB C-knufi, chhjix 
ero Ha noport, na hrohh, rjiaaty. He Kpecxnxca... „3ApaB- 
cTByUxe! — roBopaxB, — ^aKUBU jih bh xyxi>?" Hhkxo cMy na 8X0, 
HH oxem, HH Hcena, hh HyKHyjm. XIocMoxp'feji'B oh-b na hhxb, 
Ha MCHa nocMpxptjrB, ycMtxHyjica sAaRB tohrhmh ryfiaMH, 
noAomeJiB R'b cxojiy, naKJioHHJiCH Kb MajiBHHmR'b. „3ApaB- 
cxByfl, roBopHXi», KojiiOHbKa. Ajib He paAB oxuy-xo?** HanaJiB 
i^tjiOBaxb ero. CnajiB noxoMx naJibXHnnco, noB'fecHJi'b, ocxajica 
BB HHAHca^HmKi RyuoMB... mxaHHmRH 8Xo Ha BHaycKT), 6oji- 
xaiDTca. JIfii H Becb-xo, rjiaacy a, HyAHofl KaKofi-xo, cjiobho n'b- 
xymHniRo aafiaxHii, saMopHmB-RypoaH... JKajiocxb mhao rjia- 
A*xb na Hero, iicxHHHufl TocnoAb! Hy, AyMaio ceCi, xopoiUB 



/ 



4% 



noA'BflqEBi. 



pa6oTHHKi>... MHoro TH HaTHnaeiub... Mopjto^Ka y Hero, hohh- 
MaemB, rjiHxy, botb s^slksji, cb KyjianeicB, cjiobho MoneHoe 
adnoKO... rjiaaeHKaMH xjionaerB... bt> rpajiycaxx... Pocry ne- 
Co.ibinoro, ^Hj^eHSKlH, cjiobho hbobhA JuracTisKb, a BH^aTB, 
qro wpKifi... Tairb ero Bcero h Bejiert, RaiCB (SepecTy Ha 
orat... pyqoHKH TaK'b h rpacyrca, a ryfin Ctima, tohkIh... Hy, 
;ipiaH3 cefii, th Toae, 6paTi>, aojukho, orypiHK'b. 

4y;iHo MHt Ha hhxx, 6paT^Hin>: chahtb — MOjiHarb... Hh 
TOTB, HH zipyroH, hh Tperifl noKopHTbca jipyrB jipyairfe He 
lOTHTb... roBopHTb He acejiaK/TB. H cnacy, »cfly, hto 6y;ieT'L. 
XoTb H He Moe jitJio, a h mh* KaKir-To bt» po^t nejioBKO... — 
„A, HTO, cnpaniHBaH), MOJioflqHin>, KaKi> jiopora-TO, nn^ero? 
Ilorrpocoxjia jih?" — ^Ilpocoxjia, roBopHTB, txaTb mo«ho. M'fe- 
CTiiMH HJioxo, a TO HH^ero. B'b CnHpbKHHOBTB OBparfe HJiome 
Bcero.** Tji^ay, xo3hhhi> moh ckoch-tb na Hero rjiasa BjisK-b 
c6oKy, CJIOBHO, npocTH TocnoAH, na Hopra ciaji'b noxo«'B, Jia 
if roBopHTb eny a^airb CKpoBb 3y6H:— ^/l,a th bha^Jtb jih ao- 
pory-TO?.. CaMT»-To cefia BHU'fejrB jih?.. HaJiHJi'B o^kh-to"... A 
Tc»rb eny na aio, He 6yAb djiox-b, bx OTBtrb: 

— „CaMTb-TO TH He HajiHJi'L--iH?.. ^ero 6peinemb spa"?.. 06o- 
aiHJica, rjia«y, Moft xo3aHHi>... BHjrfe3i> H3Ti-3a CTOJia, pyKH 
B'b 60KH yaepi), noKpacH'feji'L Becb, KaKi* KyMaHT>, TaKX h Tpa- 

CeTCH, CTapHft TOprb. „Th ITO-aCb 3T0, rOBOpHTB, CyKHHB 

CHHT*, AtJiaenib-To, a? Hero 9to th mohh paAH CTpaMHUib, a?" — 
^HtMTb a Te6a CTpaMJuo?" — „H'bwb, H'hwb.., KaKon CapHH'B, no- 
AyMaemb, — na napt ct> nosBOHKaMii npi'&xaji'b, a? 4to Tcne- 
pji^a JiiOAH-To roBopHTb cTanyrB, a? O60 mh* h TaK'b cjiyxi), 
^To y Mena Aenerb A*BaTb neKyAa... a oht* naKo-cb... Haft, 
MHMO rpa(|)CKaro AOMa ixajTB?.. Xopomo, ero AOMa H'feTy, a to 
HTO 6h oH'b noAyMajiTb, kojih-6i> yBHAajii), a?"— „A mh* naiuie- 
Baib Ha TBoero rpa(|)a, — aTo chh^-to eMy na otb^tb, — Te6'b 
OHX Hy«eHT>, a mh'6— Tb(|)y Aa Horofi pacTepeTb! Bee oaho hxi> 

CKOpO Kb HOpTOBOH MaTCpH, rpa(j[)0B'I)-T0 TBOHX'b... FojioBy CMy 

0TinH6HTb, TBoeMy rpa$y-To... BOTKHyTb na kojit* Aa nocTaBHTb 

B'B KOHOHJIK) BOpodbCBX HyraTB... dOJlt-TO OH'B HHKyAH He TO- 

AsiTca"... Fjiaacy a na Hero bo bc* rjiasa... Bot'b TeCi, AyMaio, 
iHTyKa! OTKyAa hto, noirjiMaenib, GepeTca... n hh nyTo^KH He 
pofiterb! 9AaKofi cMop^oKT), a KyAH roAHmbca... TaK'b bccb h 
TpaceTca... TpoHB ero— aaptJKerB— hcthhhhh FocnoAB! Oma- 
.Ti^'B, Biiacy, Mofl xosaHH-B OTT> STExx CJIOBX. BHHy^HJi'B Tjiasa^ 
n:iHAHTi>, KaKb cH^x, a cKasaTb HH^ero Ee MoacerB. OroJio- 
ynmjvb OHb ero, KaKT> AyCHHofi... Ta^-to, rA'6 to onoMHHJica,— , 
KaKb saopeTB bo bck) nacTB no MaTepHy... „7i;aBaH, operb, 
A6HBrH... Ha}KHJib, qau, B'B MocKBi-To?... KajKH, AaBaH, a a 
TflOK) aceneHKy Aa mcHKa kopmhtb Aapna He oCBasaJica.. 3a- 
fiacTOBii^iK'B npoKJiHTHfi! HaujieBajib Ch na to MtcTO, ta* th. 



? A 3 JI A A !>. ^9 

CyKHITB CUHT), pO^HJICfl... jiReBi> BOWb HE DJiaTBHinKO He Ky- 

unvb, MomeHHHK'B... B'L xpaMib rocnoAeHb m to butth He 
B'b HeiTL... A Toae: „kto a?!" CaoJioqb!" A ohx eMy na 
STo: ^Hero mh*, rosopHTb, noKynaxb, a th-,to na ^to? 
Th KynHmL. V Te6ji ztener-L MHoro... no;toxHeiiiB, cb co6ofi He 
BOd&MeniB, HemTo tojibko na noMiiHi> AyniH nonaM'i> ocTa- 
BamB?"— »A TH, flyMaeniB, Tefit ocTaBJiio, a?.. Tedt? HaKOCB, 
BOTi> Hero He xoHeniB-JiH... naKo-CB, BHKycH! B'B ne^K* coatry, 
a He flaM-B*. A cuwb eMy na aTo: ,,3CrH, nanJieBaTB! Mnt tbo- 
ux'B rpa^JieHHUX'B ;i;eMer'B ne naAo... IIoAaBHCB hmhI rpa6HJii>, 
rpaCHJTB... noAOXflefflb b4ab Bce eOTHO*...— ^HoAuxafi th, cy- 
rhh'b chhi>, a ji He co6aKa noAHxaTB-To... MoaReT^, th fine- 
pefl-B Moro nojioxHeniB. TjiflAHKa-CB, Akcdtk-b, MyaceneK'B-TO Ka- 
KOK CXaJTB — KapTHHKa... HtO BHaiHTB MocKBa-To, a? Xo» xo, xo! 
HonpaBHJica! BosBMHRa-CB ero, Akcbtk'b, saxcMH npoMesx hofb, 
He BHBepneTCH, no^^oxneT'B... xo, xo, xo!"— pxceTi), aKH Kepe- 
6euT>... MHi, OpaTqHK'B, hhao coBicTHO CTaJio. He BHAHBaji'B h 
H ne cjinxaBajn* oTpo^CB, hto6h, to hcb, oTej^-B cb chhomT) 
TaK-B-To... CHHcy, rjiHKy Ha CHHKa-To, h acajiKo mh* ero. Bh- 
AaxB cpasy, fiojiBHoft HejioBtR-B, naBpHfi. noetjrbJTB BecB, aKH 
6yMara... TpflcercH... cxpainHo HHAa cmotp'&tb na Hero. 3anaa- 
Rajii), cepAemHufi, Maxnyji'B pyKofi m usi^ h36h boh'b. /l^Bepbio 
XJionHyjn,— CTeKJia saroBopajiH... A Mofi HopTymKa-To eMy B'B 
jtoroHRy: „hto6'b TeCa, cyKHna CHHa, anaR-B-To no met 6h A^p- 
Hyjin! IIoflH, roBopHTB, MapKejiT*, nocMOTpH, RyziH oh'b nomejn*? 
HaHHerB TenepB, cbojiohb, hbhrom-b TpenaTb no ^epeBHt... noraa- 
AHKa-CB, BHAB*'. HaA*Ji'B Si RapTya'B, nomeji-B. BnxoMty na RpHJiB- 
uo, rjiHjRy: chahtb oh'b na CKaMefiR'h, nannpocRy Ryparb... IIo- 

CMOTp'fejI'B Ha MCHH... „Th^ rOBOpHTB, SA^CB RTO-^CB TaROfi, 

a?" — ^a paCoTHHR-B, roBopH). Hanajica botb ao KaaancRoft. — 
^TaRi. Mnoro-JiB ace oh'b Te6t noJioacHJi-B?" — CRasaji'B a. — 
^TlypaK'B TH, roBopHT'B, A^nieBo... Bpajii* 6h 6oJiBnie. V Hero, 
HepHOCOTenua, Aener-B MHoro. Jl^paTB cb hmx-b, ^epTef!, naAO... 
Chtb hx'b*'... 3aKamjMJicH hhao co bjiocth... — „3Ha, roBopnrB, 

BHniB BOH'B HM-feHBe-TO rpa(|)CR0e... BOH-B OTCeAa BHAaTB, AO- 

jiHHa-TO... a Ha ^Be aTO Bce A^HeacRH cTpoeno? Ha BamH, roBo- 
pHT'B, Bce... HapoA'B-TO y nacB, roBopHT'B, Bce oaho, hto SB-fepH 
AHRie... BoTi* B'B poA'6 Moero poAHTejiH, nepTHl.. CaMH B'B neTJiro 
jifeyTB... B'B MOORE'S BorB A^Jio Apyroe... ecTB jiioah... Bx'b, 
6parb, cjiKxaji-B a... KaicB co6epyTca pfi. aanoDTi: „BcTaBafi[, 
noAHHMafica, paCo'iift napoAi*"! — BtpHmB, roBopHT-B, cepAi^e 

MpQTB... CJIOBHO BOTB, rOBOpHTB, JieTHHIB Ha RpHJIBHX'B, H HH- 

Hero Ted* ne CTpamno h He fionniBca hhrofo... TaR-B 6u bot'b 
BBflJi'B, roBopHTTb, ccMHacB Aa h noMep-B 3a npaBAy... IIpaBAy 
a, roBopHTB, jik)6jik) nynie ce6a... 3a npaBAy nocTpaAaTB ro- 
tobt>, MyRy npiaTB... H, roBopHTB, Bep'rtTbca ne CTany, ^ep- 

IlOJIb. OTAt.ll I 4 



50 c. aoji^'bik^EB'b. 

Haro ClwibiM'B j^-fejiaTB He 6yay... Th, fliyMaeuiB, — si cioj^a na 
HOKOCL npi:bsa.iii>?.. Ha Kofi OHi* mh* Hopftl.Tait'B anpiixajiB, 
B03jiiyxoMi> iiusHyTb... ILiox'L a... cHHHOiKy Bot'B atajiKo!..** 

— A 3KeHa TO?— rOBOpK). nOCMOTp'fijrB OH-b Ha MCHfl — ycM*x- 

HyjiCH m H roBOpHTB: 

— ^Th, roBopnrB, apana-To He CTpott.., neCocb, EHj^nmb"... 

yjIHBHJlCfl ii.-. 

— 7I,biKTi KaKi» «e, roBopH), th 8T0 cTcpntTb-TO Momemb, aV 
HeyjKJiH Te6i> HE^ero? 

— flii^ero, roBopnTb. SI xenepb Bpo^t AJieKcia, nejiOBtKa 
Oo^bJiro... fiojibeott a, roBopHTb, BHAHnib... jxbl h j^ypa ona, 
HQ^Th CB HeB... KopoBa... Ka6H jiK)6HJi'b a ee, — fl-fejio OTtnafl- 
AaToe. a to oHa mh* Bce ojiho, KaKi> KaciopKa c'h noxntJibH... 
aauJieflaTb„. 3x%, roBopuTX, semJiaKi), aa neniTO btj 6dL6'b A'bJio?.. 
HanjieBaTb 6a6aL. He xaKoft a HejioBtiO), MHi He 6a6a HyMcna, 
MH-fe npaBAa HymHa... jifbjio mh* A'feJiaTb nyacHo, nocTpai^aTb... 
BoTB a Te6i, noro^H — y Mena KHnacKH ecTb — noqHTaro npo 
Jiioj^eii... BoTi) fiijjiH JiK)AH, He (yb naMH cpaBHHTb, opjibi! Hmero 
He 6ofljiticb! P'fe^b ero, see oaho hh HyKHeit! 3a npas^y yMH- 
pajiH, 3a Hac^, jtypaKOBTb, KpoBb npojiHBajiH, crapajmcb... a mbi 
^To MMt aa 3ToV ^TaKi) h Ha^HTb... ^epn hxi* Hoprb. Ohh, 
MOJi-bj BT) Bora ae BtpyiorB, npoTHBy uapa HAyrb"... Tb(|)y th, 
roBopiiT-L, jxj6QjiQmi npoKJiaTHe. Bohtj Mofi poAHTeab b'b Bora 

BfepiITlj, Bl* UepKOBb XOAHTb, HOCTH 6jllOJlQTb, a «HB0flep'b 

iiepBHH BO BceM'b yfeBA'fe-' He AoraAaeTca hh oahh'b AypaK'B 
npMATH K% neMy „pyKH B-b Bepxi***... XjionnyjiH 6h, oAHofi co- 
CaKofl MCHBrne!" 

— %o 3T0 rOBopK), poAHTCJia-TO TH KaK'b?.. Hemio MOaHO?.. 

KaiCL HH KEK-L, a Bce pOAHTeJIb... 

^ ^A a, roBopHTb, npocHji'b ero Mena poAHTb-To?.. Cnpa- 
uiHoacTca owl y Mena?" ^ 

— Hy, 9T0 ;j:hJiOy roBopro, 6oacbe, oht> ne npH neM-b... 3a- 

~ „Bo3KBe, roBopHT-b, Aa 6oacbe! Bohi> K'b Moeft Aypex'fe 
Jitaerb... Tome AtJio 6o«be, kojih poAHTi>, a?" 

Moji^y a». ciVMj, cjiymaro ero... AHBJiiocb. A hto, roBopiD, 
Bacb 3AaKHX'b-Tu MHoro? /tonpejKb, cjiobho 6h, TaKHxi) a h He 
iipMBHA^ifiaJi'b?— ycMtxHyjica oH'b. „MHoro, roBopHTb, noBce- 
M'&CTHO.,. no Bceii PoceH... HoMnn roBopHT-b, MapKejii), cJiOBa 
MOH.„ nOAoxHy, Moacerb, a cKopo, Moacex-b, noB'fecaT'b, nanjie- 
BaTb: BCTaneTi* Pocea, noAHMeTca napoA'B— »0TAaft name"... Bx'b, 

Ka6H MHt AO/KIiTb, rOBOpHTTb... Ho JIOKOTb 6u, rOBOpHTb, pyKH 

B'b HXHCfl KpoBM BHKynaa'b... Hannaca 6h, nroBopHrb, Hxnefi 

KpOBIl AOCHTa!".,. 

Pjiamy aa Hero... CTparano hhao, HCTHHHHft Pochoab!.. 




fWP^Wf?"'^" 1- f ■■ 



r A 8 Ji A A "B. 51 

CJIOBHO BOTB nOJIOyMHMfl KaKOft, nopqCHUft... HtO 3T0, roBopK), 
OHH Te6t HaCOJIHJIH tfOJIbHO, a? ySRT> OHCHb TH OBJIOChJICH... 

— „He Mni, roBopHT'L, HacojiHJiH... SI ito, a Mypasefl... 
Bc^Mit OHH Hacojiu^iH, Hapofly BceMy... rpafiHiejia! ^ypaK^ th, 
roBopHTB, HH^ero eme He cmhcjihdib... 

— IIoHHMaTB-To Hcqero, roBopR), Hameny GpaTy rt-feua h3- 
BtcTflaH— CB noKOffB BiKy rpom'B... JIoMafl, fla h bch He 
jtoJira... y Koro fleHbrH ecTB, TOMy, SHaMo A'feJio, h xopoino, 
SHBH He Ty^u... a 6e3'B AenerB caMB 6e3A'i^^BHHK'B... h HHHero 
He noAtjiaenib... TI^kocb, roBopio, MHt ^eHeri), h h CapuH'B 
fiy^y, xajiya saseAy. •Sfi th, Majiufi, noAafl boakh ajiofi*... 
JIomaAefl saBCAy, KOJiacKy, hcdito mh hc MoxceM'b... 

MaxHyjTB pyKOtt na moh cjioea... ^OxciaHB, roBopHrt. )I, 
roBopHTB, npo GoMy, axH npo EpeMy... cnarb, roBopuTB, nopa... 
B^B capai ciHo ecTb? Jlnry a TaMB**. 4to-3K'b TeCt bx capafi, ro- 
Bopio, jio»:HCb AOMa... TojibKO npitxa-ix, laft, He ^y«ofl... acena 
MOjioAafl.,. noyxcHHaji'B 6h... Bce HecTb-HecTBio...** MaxHyJi'B oht* 
onHTb pyKofi, HHiero MHt na dTo ne cKasaji'B; BCTajii*, nomeji-B 
B-B capafi... norjiflA^JTB a eMy B3aAT>'T0... HcaJiKO ciajio... 
IIoiueji'B B-B H36y. — ^FA'fe-ate oh'b to?" xobhhh^ cnpamHBaeTT>.— 
B-B capafi, roBopK), caaxb ymejix.— «Hy, qoprb, roBopnrb, cb 
HHiTB, nymafi chhtti. ^aBallie yacHHaxb. Tbi ero saBxpa, CMorpH, 
paHBme 6yAH... Kochtb nymaft... 3to He khuhcku HHTaTb, He 
^auKOM'B 6ojiTaTB"...— KaKofi yacB, roBopio, ohx paCoTnaKB... 
BT> ^eii-B Ayina... — „A pyraTBCH, He6ocB, yMteTB... na aio Ma- 

Crep'B... HiTB, TbI, CyKUH'B CblH'B, AOJIWeH'B noKopHTbca poAH- 

Tejiro... Bcfl Moa BaacTB naAi* hhmb: ciamy bt> KOHTopy, botb.., 
seKCROMy cKaKy, npHKaacyrB oTOApaib... y nacB 3eMCKifli, Aaft 
«My 6orB BAopoBba, qejioB'feK'B ciipaBeAJiHBHS, Mena xopomo 
SHaeTB,— CB HiiM'B H pasroBapHBaTB He 6yAerB.,. BejiHTB 
OTOApaiB, H b6 KaKii, 3a MHayjo Ayiny nacHnfOTB... HoraaKy, 
BOTB, ^iTo CyAeTT) Ha'B Hero, a to ^opcB-TO eMy cuih6htb aa- 
AUTB... noroAHHiB, 6paTBl Mbi BacB BBHyaAaeMi)**... Hu^ero a 
«My na aio ne roBopro. CHacy Moaqa... IIoyacHHaaH... IIoaiea'B a 
Kh ce6t BB c*hh;m cnaTB... Hoat* yTpo, cjiHoiy, impx'B ko mh* 
AKCK)TKa... „CaHuiB?" Bsaaa TyrB Mena, GpaxHHKTb, aaocTb. 

~- Te6t, roBopK), Hero-acB 3to naAO-TO, cBoao% th 9AaKaa, 
a?— „4toth, roBopiiTB, o^yMta'B?"— yfiAH, roBopio en, nacKyAa, 
<5e3CTHiiHH[^a, yftAH, uoKa nfeaa... MyacB AOMa, a oaa... saTbMB 
jRe TH cTepBa, anocjia aroro saKOH'B ripHaaaa, a?— 3acM'fe- 
^aacb oHa.— »KaKo0 9to, roBopsTB, Myacb? Ohb neroacb j\jik 
8Toro A'b.ia, a TaKuxx He JiiofiaEO*. TaKii, 6e3'B cTHAa, h pb- 
atexB. llaioHyjrb a TyrB eft btj xapio, Aa no met pa3a Tpn u 
OTBtcuji'B. Boabffle, roBopio, kg MHfe ne xoah. CTynaft, Bowby 
KB cBeKpy-6aTK)fflK4, oh'b Tb, MOJKeT-B, eme caHeKT> KaKofl Ky- 
hhtb. 

4* 



9m^fr-^P^^■VSV^^ 



52 C. IT a t Ji 1 E K T>. 

Bnpyrajiacb ona MaxepHO, aamieBajia mchh, — ymjia. 

Cxajia aapa aaHHMaTbCfl... BCTajit a, nomejn> bx capafl mo- 
CKBH^a 6yAHTb Ha pa6oTy. Fjiaacy, a ya«x oHtue cnHTb.— 'iTo-ac'b 
3T0 TH He cnHmb-TO? — «7Ia TaKX... ho camca, TOCKa Kanaa-TO, 
Aa Kamejib ojLOjrbjrh... rpyflb fiojiBTb... Hjiox-b, fiparb, a, Map- 
Kejn>... A TH HTO npHineji-b?** — Jia 8a To6ofi, roBopio, KocHXb. 
Benop'b caM-b HaKasHBaji-b 6y;^HTb tcCh... Ilofijienib? — YcM-fex- 
Hyjica. ^IIoHfly, roBopHTB, no CBoeMy aKejiamio... HaKaay 
eroHe6oK)cb. Koca-To ecTb 0T6HTafl?**— EcTb. BcTaji-b oH-b. IIo- 
mjm Mu (yh khmii, yMUJiHCb na ABopt, bshjih kocu, BumjiH Ha 
yjiHi^y. Offb H roBopHTb: „BHnHTb 6h xopomo xenepb, jib. c*b 
cofiofi 6u nojioBKHO^Ky". ^OMa y oxi^a, rosopio, boakh xy^b 
ofijiefica... nocxoHHHO AepacHXTb.— „Hy ero K'b Hopxy, roBopHTT>, 
ch BOAKoft-To ero. Kymaxb 6h... He sHaemb, KpHBaa TyHflopa 
xopryexT>?' — IIpHBHaTbCH, roBopio, cb,ui> He xaaKHBajn* a cjih- 
XHsajix: npHAepxcHBaex-b...— „3afiAeMT>". Mh* hto^x, roBopw, 
aaflAeBCb. TojibKo KaK-b 6u can-b He yBHajrb... pyraxbCH cTaHeTT>. 

SaoiJiH MU KTb 3xoft caMofi TyHAop*... 6a6eHKa, BflOBa, boa- 
Koft xopryexi)... ex peOaxamKaMH aKHBexx, axmrb h ropmhxch. 
rjiflOTMT>— aanepxo. HocxyHajiH bx okohuc, Bcxajia ona, any- 
cTHJia... — EcTb?— ^noMcajixe... 3aKycHTb-xo BaMX Hero? Jly^Ky 
Hemro noflxH rojioBKy BUAepHyxb*. Ilouuia, npHHecjia Jiyny 
Bejienaro. OfeJin mh kx cxojiy. HajiHjrb ohx. ^nefl!** — Gt> xo- 
SHHHa, lafi, roBopK), Hepe^x. — nHefi, ne JiOMaflca! He JiK)6Jii)a**. 
XjionnyjTb a. Hajinax ohi> ce6t, xo3Ke xjionHyjrb. ,flaKa-ci. 
HaMX emie nojioBHHKy, a axy na, y6epH (mh* roBopnx'b) bx 
KapMaHX, cb coOofi BosbMeMX"... npHxamaaa FyHAopa e^^e no- 
jiOBHHKy, H dxy xJionnyaH. Ox^aax oAx AeHbPH. Buman Ha 
yaHity... nomaH B^oab aepesHH... IIoinaxHBaexca, raaKy, mom 
Majiufi, pasBesao ero HaxomaKX-xo, flct h y Mena xoace, cauiny, 
xoro, He Bx nopaAKi... A coaei^e nyxb Bcxaao, na neet hh 
o6jiaHKa, poca CHabHtflmaa... „Xopomifl AeHb 6yAexT>**— AyMaio 
ceC-^, HaAO noHasaaHXbca, ao saaxpaKa noABaanxb no6oabiue... 

BHUian aa AepeBHK), cxaaa hoax ropy cnycKaxbca kx 
pt^Kt, raaAb — HaTb-noAx ropH nuanxTb kto-xo HaMX na 
Bcrptiy. FaaAHMX, ne MyatHK'b tAexTb. „Co ctanqiH, ro- 
BopK), AoaacHO, rocnoAa KaKH-HHfiyAb bx HMiHbe". OcxanoBH- 
aacb. BoxT>, raaAHMX, KaxHxx napa bx AHma*, aomaAH xopo- 
mia, Bci bi> MHa-b... Ha Koaaaxx Kynep-b, pyKH BHxaayax wh 
cxpyHKy... 6opoAHma Hepaaa no fipioxo... A bx KoaacK*, rjia- 
AHMX, cHAHXb — pasBaanaca 6apHHT> KaKonxo bx maant, na- 
niipocKy KypHxx... npHn^ypnaca, Ha nacx CMOTparb... IIopoB- 
Haaca Cb naMn... Caaax a Kapxyax, xoxtax 6Hao noKJio- 
HHXbca... XBaxb, moh xoaaaffb-xo MoaoAOH KaKx BaKpa^HTX 
no MaxepnoMy, hto hh ecxb xyace, a caMx ayfiH omtepaax Aa 
KyaaKOMx-To boxx BAaKX fiapHay h rpoBHxx... — „Boxi> xefi-fe. 



K ■ ~ 



P A 3 JI A A "B. 53 

TcpHHerB, xaKofl-CHKoii!" 51 tekx, fipaT^HK'B, Btpainb Bory, h 
npHC'feji'L... yBBjiaji-B 8T0 6apHHT>, Kynepa wh cnany thk'b — 
^nomeji-B**! A Mofi qyziopon'B BfloroHKy-To hm'b, BAoroHKy. hto 
HH ecTB raace... ^to th, roBopio, OHyM-feji-B— hh aainTo, hh npo 
fflTO Jiaenib!.. Kto TaKofl dapHHi) 3totb? A owb nofiijitjiTb bccl, 
rjiasa cTparaeHHHe... cb BHHHma to eme nyme, niiHa m-b poiy 
KJiy6K0MT>. ^rpa^T) aTo. roBopHTB, htd6i> eMy"... jia oiWTb Ma- 
Tepao. — „BoTi> 6h, roBopHTij, 6HJia 6oH6a, niBapKHyjn> 6h, 
nojierfeji'b 6h BMtcTi h cb kojihckoA CBoefi. ki> HopioBofi Ma- 

TepH... Hnib, KaXHTB B-B KOJIflCKt... Kywpii... a MU CB T06OH 
H4H, BOPB, Mnafi... A 1T0 OHX, yMHie HaCB CB TOfiOfi, HTO-JIH? ' 

Othhmh ot-b Hero AeHBrn, ojiinh nonjiome, chmh, KaKi* cb 
6yTBuiKH, jipjiuqeKi» rpa(|)CKi0... no;iHKacB, moji-b, ^o6y;iB ce6t 
Ha npoHHTaHbe. E&-Bory, bt> sjiyio poxy He npHMyii*... no;iox- 
HeTB, CyKHffB CMfl'B, CB TOJio^y"... OfiepHyjicH onflTB BX Ty 
cTopoHy, Kyjia rpa^'B notxajn^, hoahaji'B KyjiaKi), KpuHurb 
CJIOBHO noM'fefflaJiCH: 

— „Ha HamH jienexKn acHBeuiB... nainy KpoBB cocernb... no- 
roAtt, noroAHl" Saipacca bbcb B^pyrB, a ntna-To hb-b poxy, 
dparHHK'B, cjioBHo, hcxhhhh TocaoAB, mujio KaKoe... IIoKaBH- 
BaexT», BHKy, mh* pyKOH aa rJioxKy Ha cboh), a caMi rjiaaa 
BHxapanpjiTb, Hopx'B-HopxoM'B... Hcnyrajica a... He sHaio, qxo 
jl'bjiaxB... A OH-B, Bjipyri), noHHMaerab, KaK'B-aaKpHiHXT), Aa oO-b 
BBMJiK) CpHK'B— H 3a6HJicH, CJIOBHO KypHi^a CB nepepfeaHHoft 
raoTKofl... Hanuio, 3HaHHXi>, na Hero, Bcxynajio!.. Hcnyrajica a 
Toro nyn;e... BaxioniKH-CB'fexu, hxo, AyMaiD, KaK'b noMpexT>... 
HTo MHt xorAa A'feJiaxB? SaxacKaioxx... Cxoro naA'B hhm'b, pa- 
3HHa poxTb... rjiaacy, a hxo A*-^axB-~He sHaH)... OxpoAacB xaKoro 
cxpaxy He BHAHBaJiij... Jlemux'B, CMoxpio, xpHnaxx... ycnyji'B, 
noxo!fi» cxaxT*... Hxo A'feJiaxB? He GpocaxB ace na Aopori... 
MHoro-jiB oHi) npocHHX'B — niyx'B ero SHaexx... JJfiuo& eacejiH, 
AyMaiD, xoaaHHt aatcx^ h Mena-xo BMtcxi... HpoBajiHCb th co- 
BcbM'B npoBa^oM'B. H He lopx'B JiH, AyMaK), Hena cb to6ok) 
CBaaaJi-B... Fjiaacy, 9jj,slk% maraxi* bo cxa on> Aoporu KycxH 
pacxyxx, H xpaBa-HeKocB BHCOKaa, nexjia... J^afl, AyMaio, xyAH 
ero cxain,y, aymafi onHXi... yaco noflAy saBxpaKaxb, aaiiAy, 
paafiyacy, a xo h caMi* npocHexca, ^opxT> c:b hhm'b, HaflAex-B 
Aopory. Baaa'B axo ero, noAHajii, 3aBaaHjn> na cnuny, KaK'B 
o6py6oiCB KaKofl cbojiok'b, noJioacHJTB b'b Kycrax-B... Coh, mojix, 
a caMi> bshjitj kocu, nomejix na Mi^cxo— kochtb. 

PaacKaa^HK-B saMOJinaax h, noxaHyBomcb, atBHyjiB. 

— A B^AB Mni HAXH HaAHXB, — CKasajii) OH'B,— 3a6oJiTaJica 
a TyxT» CB X060H. HsuK'B Moft— Bpanb Mofi. 

— KyAa xe6t xoponHXBca?— CKaaajix a,— ycntemb, Ha> no- 
KypH. 

— ^aBafl... HaKa3HBaio a xe6a. 



M c. n A "B a ^ K B X. 

— HiiHero. Hy, KaK'b Mce th dotom'l to... a?.. 

— ^a KaK'b!.. noKOCHjn> HacHKa^Ba, nomeji'B saBxpaKaTb, aa- 
mejiTi Bt KycTH, a oh'b, rjiaaKy, JiejKHTB, ne chht'b, na He6o cmo- 
TpHT-b, TafiaKt KypHTt... Hy, KaKi), roBopio, A^Jia-To, npocnyji- 
cfl?.. Hanyrajii> th Menfl ao CMcpTH. rpa(|)a hh aa hto oCjiaajTB.. 
yBHaeTT> OTeu-B, njioxo Teet 6yAeTT>. — „CTynaii tlj, roBopHrL^ 
K-L ^lopTy CB rpa(|)OM'B-TO Aa h cl otii;omi»-to BM-fecTi... He 60^ 
ioch ii HHKoro... „Hy, noikjiewb, roBopro, saKycHMX, ycxajTb, He- 
6ocb.„ Hafi, tcTb saxoTijix,— rojioBa 6ojiiiT'b?.. Bot'b, Ha, no- 
npaBbM... HocTaji-B ;i;aBeniHK)K) nojiOBHHKy, KoxopyK) Ch co6oft- 
To B3jjjii>... uojibld eMy... OfipaflOBajica oh'b. „A sl, roBopnrb, h 
aaeKJii* npo nee... Bottb cnacHGo. 3aBTpaKaTb a ne noflAy. Th 
Mnt iiaxBaxH ciofla, nojaAeiiib Haaa^'b, xjiteymKa... A h noKa 
noJiemy... He xoneTca uR'h Tyaa... nnib, SA'fecb KaKX roace... 
<5.TiaroAaTb!..* He^ero A'feJiaTb— nomeji'b oahh'b. G^jtb 8a ctojtb- 
AKCiomKa h kocumh Ha Mena He rjisAHrb, TaKi) Bce mBbip- 
KOMii II niBHpaeT'b... Can't npnmeji'b co ABopa.— „A totb-to 
roBopiirb, TA'fe-Hte? JIoAHpb-TO?" CKaaaJi-b a. „Hinb th, roBO- 
purb, AOJi»CHo, ci> oceHH aaKopMJieH'b... Hy, uiyT'b ci> khmT). 
FyCa TOJime— 6pK)X0 TOHbme, nanJiesaTb! Hy, KaK'b TpaBa?'* 
Tpana xopomaa... IloMOJiqaji'b h roBopio... Hopx'b-TO Mena sa 
asHKi* iioTaHyji'b... „rpa(|)a, roBopro, TBoro npiaTejin, bha'^JIh... 
CO cTaHi;iH, AOJiacHo, AOMoft noKaTHJi'b... Ha Bcip'feHy HaM'b no- 
najicji noATi ropoH... aO-o-o!" B'fepHO. 06paA0Bajica oh'b. 
„AKcromb, Kpn^HTb, cjiHinb, hto 6aHTb: rpa^B-CaTiomKa npi-^ 
-kxaji-h"... A ona orb ne^KH: „a MH'fe HanjieBaTb, npitxajib, 
TaK-b npi-fexaji-b. Mnoro Bacb TyT'b, rpa(|)beB'b-TO'... — Hto i^xa 
TH omepHjiacb, roBopHT'b eif, — CMOTpn, ne aanafi... 3to ohI), 
fiaiioniKa, CjiaroA^TeJib, na cboh HMenaHH npnCHJiT)... y HacB 
HOH'fe KaKofii AeHb... naxHHi^a? Hy, SHaqurb, B'b noneA'fejibHHK'b^ 
oH'b yfijeHHHHHK'b. CXoAKy HaAHTb co6paTb HaKanyHi, hotoji- 

KOBETL Cb npaBOCJiaBHHMH, KaK'b H HTO HaCHCTb npoBApaBJieHbH- 

y Hacb, roBopHTb, ch HBCTapH saBeAeHO, npoBApaBJiaxb xoahts 
Ba CapcKiii ABopi) cb aHAejioM-b... TenepHHa Bce no ApyroMy 
noniJio: cTapnKH oahh, no^uxan, xoAflT-b... MOJiOAue-TO nenjiomb^ 
BOT-b TOBO, ne HAyrb, a Aonpe;Kb Bcfe, bcSmtj oSnecTBOM'b... 
Xo-oQ-pomo 6HJ10! A TenepHHa, roBopHTi>, ero BABoflH-fe npo- 
3ApaBHTL HaAO: KpoMt aHAeJia-To c'b n,apCKOfl MHJiocTbio, cb 
npoMBBOACTBOM'b B'b TocyAapcTBeHHaro coB'feTa HJieHOM-b... Ho- 
Aapo4eK*b KaKofl-HH6yAb naAHTb CA'feJiaTb. BapamKa, neniTO, a? 
KaKTj AyMaemb?" — Tta mh* to, roBopio, KaKoe a^Jio... Ho mu* 
xy^b Mepnna, jifk:io same. — „A hto, roBopnrb, KaK'b OH'b Ban-B 
nonajic^i-To, Mofi-TO noKJiOHHJica jih eny?.. KapTyax-io CAep- 
Hyji% JiH?* — HoKJioBUJica, roBopio. — „To-to, moji'b, a to BiAi* 
orb ntTo CTanerb*... 

Hy^ aaKycHJi'b a... nomeji-b onaTb na noKocb BajiH 6HTb... 



k 



p A d I ▲ A I*. 55 

xjriMa BdHJiib JiOMOTB. IIpHXoacy Ha to M'bcro, fa*^ Apy9KRa*T0 
MHJiaro ocraBHJi'B, rjiamy, a oh'b BuirajTB Bce, noJie»&HBaeTL 
ce6t, noKvpHBaeTB...— .Hflftmb?" — H^y. Ha, xjr66ymKa leC* 
npHHeci>... no«yfi. — »Hy hto, KaKi> laiTB MOft nepToroHt-TO, 
npo rpa<j[)a-TO tu cKasaji'b?''— CRasajiB, moji'b, nonajicH— "bjierb, 
a HacHeTB JiaAHBA TBoero yMOJnajTB. CnpamHBajii: noKJio- 
HHJiCH JiH Tfai, MOJTB, eiiy. SI FOBopx): — ^RaiCB ace... sHaMo 
jifkjio, noKJioHHJica''.— XoHerB, HmB, bi» BOCRpeceHBe cxojsn^ co- 
6paTB HacierB rpa<j[)a-To dToro caMaro... cb dLBji^Jiowb ht- 
THTB nosApaBJiaTB, Aa cb iiapcRofl cb mhjioctbd... bi^ HJieHu, 
HmB, RaRH-TO upoHBBejiif,— 6apaHa, roBopHTB, Ha^o B'b no^a* 
poRTb CHecTb*... SacirbiiJicfl oh'b. — „kTh, roBopHT'B, Momen- 
HHRi... BorB CBojiora-Tol Th AyiiaemB, eny rpacj)!* btotb ny- 
'^ewbl.. K^K'b »e, rpa(j[)'B!.. Kapnani) eMy ny^ewb... ii&iro- 
Bufi... OH'B 8a AByrpHBeHHufi CB jiK)6o£ cBHHBefi cnaxB jla- 
seTB... noRJioHHJiCA... xu... axob Bu, ABflBOJiu c&pue!..''— He6ocB, 
Tefiji, roBopio eny, rpa^i-To npHSHajTB, nafl?.. Botb 0T^y-T0 
cKasReTB, a?— ^HanjieBaxB... hto a, 6ox)CB, hto-jih?** — Ilofio- 
HniBCA... BcunJiK)T'B xopomHX'B Bi ROHTop'b-TO, ysHaeiiiB... 
Ohi, rpa$i>-TO, Jiui^o 6ojiBinoe, cRaxcerB cjiobo h RaioRi), 
Kpunuca... — „He6ocb, He cRaaceTB. Hmi> Toace xBOcrb-xo 
npesajm, 6oaTCfl ohh... Ilyn^aH tojibro TpoHerB, — y6BK> h 
ycaAB6y ao TJia cnajiK)"... HeyauiH BsanpaBAy, AoneA^HCB TaRoe 
nhjio^ cnajiHmB? — „Cnaji^'*. — IIoftMaroTB— nostciiTB. — ^Hamie- 
BaTB, Btmafi .. Bcbxi) He nepeBtmaemb.,.** — A HTo-acB, AyMa- 
eniB, BepeBORTB He XBaTHTb na sainero fipaia?— „BtpHo, roBo- 
pHTB^ He xBaxHTB. Mu, POBopHTB. He TapaKaHbi, Haci> Mopo- 
30MT> He HcnyraemB"...— noAHBHJica fl na nero onaxb. HyAaR-B 
XH, roBopx), a xaRoro h He BHAHBajii>. CMOxpn, nacROHHink, ne 

CHOCHTB Xedt rOJIOBH. 

MaxHyjTB OH'B pyRoft... noAHaJioi... „noSAeM'b, fobophtb, 

KOCHTB"...— EoflACMX, FOBOpiD. 

CBepnyjiH eme, noRypHJiH... IIomjiH... 



— B-B BocRpeceHbe, fipaxHHK'b xh Mofi, 9AaR'B nocjia oCiAa, 
TOcy BO BTopoM-B, cxaJiH napamaxB na cxoARy... XoBaHH'B Moft 
nyme Bctx'B xjionoxaji'b h Bce bxo a*JIo, 6yAB oh'b HejiaACH'b, 
offB oCopyAOBajTB. Otb He^ero A'bJiaxB h a nomeji-B no6oji- 
TaxBca. IIocJiyinaK), Moax, RaR'B ohh xaKit. 

nomJiH... A MOJioAOM, MocRBHHi>-xo, AOMa ocxajica... IIo- 
BBajTB 6BIJI0 ero caifB, a oh'b tojibro pyRoft MaxHyji'b. Hy, , 
MOJI'B, BacB, HAHxe... PasjiaA'B y hhx'b RaacAOAneBHO npoMeacB 
ce6a... OAHH'B ApyroMy ysaacHXB ne^xoxax-B. 3xoxi> t6 tobo- 



56 . c. n A t « ^ B B 'B. 

piirL, a STOTt eMy Ha 3JIo apyroe... PacKopa^Ka, noHHMaemb, 
HM Ha inTO He noxoKe!.. 

Hy, npiimJiH 9to mh, ctJiH... Hapo^'B, rjiaxcy, no^xo- 

AHTB. JlfkJlO Iipa3AHIIHH0e... eCTB, KOTOpHe HS'b MOJIOflHX'B, Wb 

rpa^ycax-L ., Co6pajiHCb, moS h nanajix roBopHTb: ^Botb, ro- 
pHTt, rocnoAa, BaBTpaiuHiA flesb TeaoHMeHHTcxBO GjiarofltrejiH 
Hamero, ero cLaxejiBCTBa rpa(|)a. KaKi*, sHaHHT'B, cnoKom* 
BtKy He HaMH, AypaKaMH, a ciapuMH crapHRaMH aaBeAeno 
6hjio, TaK'jij sHaHHrB, h mh aokhh hothtb ero BciMTb onne- 
CTBOMi* npo3flpaBHTb CO jiRewb aHflejia, Aa OKpoMfl axoro cl 
npoy^BOACTBOBirB bt* rocyAapcTBenHaro coBtxa HJieeoM'L... Co- 
rjiacHu .111, rocnoAa? A lenepHHa, roBopnrB, Han's HaAHTbo6- 
AjMETb, KaKoft-6H eMy npeaeHTB npenoflHecTB, thcb, noAapoKt. 
BapaiiiKa neaiTO, a? KaKx AyMaexe? Cjioxchmch no rpHBeHHHKy 
c-B Aymir, KynHM-b... BejiHKH-jib AeHbrn, a eMy axo BpoA* 
jiecTHO fijAerb... nonaxie 061^ nacb fiyAex'b HMtxb ne KaKoe- 
HH6yAB.*, A, npaBOCJiaBHHe, KaKx CKa^exe?" 

BHraejii. KaKofi-xo MajiMH, noAomeJii Ki* neMy hbi* napoAa 
noAt caMoe pHJio, BtinHMmH...— „Mh, roBopnrb, noHAeM'b, Kojin 
OH-L HaMij yronteHbe nocxaBHxi,. A ne nocxaBaxi), na Kofi oHb 
HaMi* TOFAa HyHceHx?.. 3a rpHBeHEHK-b-xo a. noflAy K'b Tya- 
Aop-fe Aa 11 axHy coxKy. HaMij XBOit rpacl)!* naajieBaxb, naMT* 
BOAKa HyjKHa. A xo npHAemb Kh HeMy, iTpHxamamb 6apaHa- 
To, a QH-b j,cnacH6o" CKa^ex^ Aa h noKaacexTb xefit na neM-b 
cnAninb. Orb nxnaro 6paxa, no HOHtniHHM'b BpeMenaM'b, Bcero 
3KAH.». HiyjiLe xoate, snaeM-b mh, na neM-b CBUHbH xbocxi>-xo 
HoCHTb". A Moft o6o3JiHJiCH, Aa H roBopHXT> eMy: — „Hy, cb xo- 

60fl, Cb MOmeHHHKOMT), CMyXbHEOMl), A H TOBOpHXb-XO He MCe- 

jiaio... ecTb nocxapme xe6a... xBoe ji'hjio cjiymaxb, hxo cxapmie 
roBopHTb, Aa MOJinaxb. Te6fl He cnpamtiBaio.x'b... Kxo xh xaKoft?.. 
Moji^Hj He TBoe a^JIo"... Hy, xyxi) h MajiHlt o6o3JiHJica. — wAx^b, 
TH, roBopiiT'b, cxapHf^ Jionyxi*... j^a nxo-HCb h, neyxcejiH cb 
TBoe-To He CMHCJIK)? Teet jiH MeHH yHHXb?.. ^yAHo! Tefit, 
3Haemb, KyAH nopa... Th cxynafl, bohx, AKCioxKy ynu... no- 
KBJThl..**' npHinHJi-b eMy hbhk'b-xo... SaMOJinaji-b Ha BpeMH... 

^ Hy, xaK'b KdLKb ace, npaBocjiaBHHe, ptmaflxe nacqexi* 
6apamKa-T0... corjiacHH, aJib HtxT>?^cjiHffly, onaxb MOft 6op- 
Morb saTHBKaji-b,— PacHyAecHoe 6h A^Jio—efl-Bory... JiecxHO 
6h eMy 6H.10... 

— A a H 6apaHa 3HaH) pa* naMxnxb, — Kpn^HXTb na ero 
cJiOBa Muma /lojirm — ^yAaKi) MymiiqoHKa h nocxoHHHo ch My- 
xapeMij...— TaKoro Capana, roBopHXT>, AHKOBHHHaro, Hexnpex- 
poraro... Hy, snaMO, h u-fena eMy... Xo-o-pomifi 6apaH'bI Box^ 
6h ero paayKpacHXb JiocKyxb^MH Aa K'b rpa(J)y na HMeHHHH... 
Ha, Momb, Baoie ch, npnMafi oxpaAX cepAUa... BesnpeMtHHO 6u 




rr^ 



p A 3 a A A 1*. 57 

yromeHBe nocTaBHJii>...— CMtiOTCfl npaBOCJiaBHwe. „rjit-«T> 3to 

TBOfl 6apaHT> JXHKOBUHUii HaXO^lHTCH?'' 

— He;^ajieqe, roBopHTB, b'b Ky3bMo;5eMbJiHCKOMT> y TpaK- 
THpmHKa... Hy, tojibko oh-l ero neHBrae KpacHott ne OTOacTi>... 
JtaBafire, npaBocjiaBHHe, flenert, a cfitraio. Bote KaKTb 6h no- 
Tpa(J)HJi'B rpa(|)y,— aajiHJ]^ 6h boako^... He paaciajica 6h ohi> 
CT) acTHM-L 6apaH0MT>... B'B neiep'B 6u ero ci co6oft ysea-B 
Ha noKaai^,— efl-Bory... B6, MOjn>, KaKt neHa My«HHKH-TO ne- 

CTBOBBJIH... KaRnMl> 6apaH0M'b! CM'&IOTCH MySKHKU. 

— BMicTfe 6h, roBopaTb, ch tbohmx 6apaH0MT> h bx coBtTB 

fe/lEJIt JlJIfl OXOTKH, BABOeM-B-TO DOBaAHM... MOMteTB, H OMy 

Ha xapiH 25 6yMa«eR'B Ha abeb noJioHCHJiH 6u... A Te6H 6u, 
Jlomii, 3a hhmx xoahtb rrpHCTaBHTB... Tlomeji^ 6ul 

— HiTT>» roBopHTB, 3a 6apaH0MT> xoahtb He nomejix 6h, 
a botb Ka6u bi> AyMy H36pa<TiH, nomejii> 6h. He OTKaaaJXCH 
6h... Yarb oqenb, rojiOBa,— nocjiymaeraB boht>, B'b BtAOMOCTHXt 
HMTa»TB, — 3THM^ caMHMX eiiyTaTaM'B MCH3HB xopoma... Kpac- 
HEfl B'B 8y6H Ha xap^H KawcAOAHeBHo... IIoAyMaTB HaAo, a? A 
KaKH A*Jia-To? IIpHraeji'B no-yxpy B'B AyMv, npoMflJicH no yjiaat... 
ctjit B'B KpecJio, — CHAH... JiiofioTal CJiyraaft, KaK-B rocnoAa 
npoMeaicB ce6H rpH3yTca... oahh'b xaK'B Jiaerb, Apyroft a.iaK'B... 
Tenjio, ^HCTO... nocHHCHBaft B'B Kpecji'6-To, aKH rpa(|)'B, a Ae- 
HeacKa TeneTB... Kpacnyio, KaK'B hh KaK^, a OTAafi 3a paCoTy... 
Ha ^rro yacB Jiynme... noffleji-B 6u, efl-Bory, cb 6ojiBmofi cb 

OXOTOfl! 

— Hy, noroAH, roBoparB eMy, mu Tefin B'B Apyrofl pa3'B, 
mapH KaTaTB CyACM^, HseepeMT*... fltflcTBytt laMaTKo! xjiohohh 
MR Mipy!.. 

Hy, Tyyi> ohhtb Moft BCTynajica co cbohm-b rpa({)0M'B Aa 
CB fiapaHOBTB... npHCTajTB ees'B KopoTKaro, c6hji'b BecB Mip%... 
corjiacHJiHCB, nop-brnHJiii hatmtb cb 6apaH0M'B Ha noKJioH'B... 
3HaM0 ;r6Jio, hb'b pacHeroB'B fiojibme: AHCKaTB, cA'feJiaeTB yro- 
meHBe, noHBeBTB BHHua c^ xjrfe6aeM'B. Bkhhtb-to Bcfe He Ay- 
paRH, oco&uhbo na AapoBn^HRy-To... Ohhtb me h Mo£i: ys'bpHJi'B: 
,6yAeTB yromeHBe.,. HemB oh'b cbhhbh, roBopnrB, KaKan-HH- 
<5yAB... lai, noHBMaeTB crb name-To... ^ero eMy ana^HT'B yro- 
CTHTB-TO A^H aAaKaro-TO pasy... Jlecrao eMy, roBopHT'B, CyAerB. 
Mnoro AOBOJien-B ocTaHeTca**. 

CofipsjiHCB. Ha Apyrofl achb b'b noHeA'feJibmiK'B... Pa6oTaTB 
6h Hlu^o— He CTaJiH paCoiaTB... Cp^iAHJiH 6apaHa, pasyKpacHJiH, 
cotfpajiHCB Bcfe: ,,nonAeMTe!*' 

X03flHHl> H MH4 BeJI'fejl'B HATHTB. „llo1lLJieWb, TOBOpHrB. IIpo- 

3ApaBB H TH. HocMOTpHmB, roBopHTB, Ha Hcro". 

— A TH HTO-MCB, cnpafflHBaeT'b y cbina,— nofiAeuiB? A oh'b 
^My: ^Ha Kofi oh'b MH'fe HoprB?.. Hah nosApaBJiaS, kojih oxoTa... 



58 



UOA'hSi^EB'h. 



Cjjxy fl caMi> ce6fl yHH^aib. HeCocb, oh'b MeHH noa^paBJiaTb 
He npHAeTB. A bhuhtb-to a aaxony,— Ha cboh bhiibk)"... 

TaKii M He nomeji'B, flona ocTajicn. 

Hy, coOpajiHCb 3to mh rypb6ofl, nomjiH... Bapana Bnepe^H 
BeAyrii ABoe aa pora... Horbxa, hothhehA roonom>I.. ^cto cb 
KpecTHbiM-b xoAOMT*... IIpHinJiH Ha CapcKifi: ABop'b, ycxaBHJiHCb 
BTo nepe^'L napajiHOfl, kojio 6ajiK0Hy, 6apaHa Bnepe^'B kx ca- 
MHM-b CTyneHbKaBTB, Ha BHAHOC MiCTO. Ctohm'b, «AeMT>... rjiH- 
AHM'bj — BHXOHHT'b... AOJIOMCHJIH BMy... — ^SApaBCTByflTC, TOBO- 
pHTb, MJHtU^KH, BH HTO?" FOJIOCB y HCrO TOHKifi, KaKI> y 

AtBKM, caMia He6ojibmofi, HepH^BHfi, ci> njrtmbH). 

Pjiflmy, MoS xo3flHH'b Jitaerb ki> Heny. Kapxyax chhji'l, 
Aepmiirb Bt o6tHxi> pyKaxi)... hokjiohh OTBtmHBaerB noacHHe... 
^HCTO nepen'b hkohoI! ctohtb, Bory mojihtc^. ,Mh, roBopHTB, 
Barae ca, ocM'fejiHJiHCb... B&kwb, thcb, on^eciBOMib... ^ecTb 
MM^&eM'L npo3ApaBHTb ^aci> co AHBM'B Bamero aHAeJia, a OKpoMa 
3Toro ci> qapcKofi MHJiocTbio, ch npoHBBOACTBOM'b B'b rocyAap- 
CBeHHaro coBtxa HJienoM'b.,. Hphmhtb botb, Bame ch, orb nacb 
fiapaoiKa... fiapaniKa Borb npHBejiH... ne no6pe3ryftTe*'. 

SacM-feHJica OHi... jih)6o eMy... jiecTHO. ^Hto-mcb, roBopHTi>, 
cnacnGo. MyatHHKH... oneHb paA'b! oHenb paA'b!" Comeji'b 3to 
CO cTyneHeKt, BSflji'b 6apaHa pyKOja, norjiaAHjrb. „CjiaBHbiH, 
roBopiiii>, dapameK'b... cJiaBHbii"... 

Mh ctohmij, MOJiHHM'b. <JKAewnb, hto Aajrfe orb Hero 6yAerb. 
„He aiiaji'b a, roBopHT-b, Myacii^ncH, He BHaji-b, hto bh 9to Cfffb- 
jiaeTe.., H 6u npHroTOBHJica, yrocTHjrb 6u Bacb... cnacH6o 
BaM^, cnacofio... Bti Borb hto — npHXOAHie B'b cepeAy... H 
pacnopii5Kycb yrocTHTb Bacb, a lenepb, roBopnrb, noKa Borb 
BaM^"». /locTaJi'b, noHHMaefflb, nopTMoneTb, BHHyjTb ab* icpac- 
HHX% Ha jxwh BeAepKH... BaatHO. Cefiqacb mh bc* eny 3a 3to 
ypa, MHoro Jiirb 3ApaBCTB0BaTbI.. A OH'b cToiirb, ycM-fexaeTCfl... 
J11060 CMy .. HHAa noKpacH'feji'b... A mh ^to: Hani*, anaMO, BOAKa 
AoposKe Bora.., OH'b, AyMaerb, ero ^ecTByrorb... 

Bsfljiii ABHbrn, oinpaBHJiHCb 'naaaA'b B'b AepeBHio. Cefi- 
^acb abohxij sa bkhomi* najiaAHJia. A 6a6H ySHajiH, hto oht> 

R2M% CTOJIbKO SaKaTHJIl), — B3flJIH HX'b SaBHAKH. „nofiAeMTe, TO- 
BOpflT'b, H MH... KaKOrO pO^KHa... liWb ryJIHHKH, a MH HTO-MCb, — 
3a HHMM TOJlbKO 3a HbHHHMH yxa3KHBaTb\.. Ha6paJIH flHUT), 

Mapmij ct noKJiOHOMX. Hy, CpaTHHKi), y 6a6'b eniie Toro Hume 
BHmao: noMasaJiH oh* ero HHni;e namero, pa^MHRi) OH'b... a oh* 
eMy n-fecHH... ^ener-b Aa«^ii>, SBaji'b B'b cepeAy... H nomjia, mh- 
jiHfi TH MO^. y Hacb no AepeBHli ryjib6a... B'b npaBAHHKTb, 
HCTHHHHM TocnOAb, B'b HHKOJiy TOFO HC fiHBaeTb... HepeHH- 
.UHCb H My^KHKH, H 6a6H... 

PaacKaa^HK'b BaMOJinaji'b. Ennyjib H3'b-3a naayxH nycTyio 
fiyTHJiKy II, npncTaBfl ee ropjinmKOM'b K'b ryfiakx, sanpoKH- 



l^l lJ ig , ' . ! .. 



P A 8 I A J( ^L. 59 

HyjTL roJiOBy h jiojiro z^epacajTB ee Tamb, cjiHauBaA H8UR0in> 
THxo nojisymifl co ;^Ha xanjiH bohkh. 

Bujio HcajiKO H CH'&inHO rjiHA^Tb Ha Hero. 

— JSjBL yKT* nojiHO, — cRa3aJii> a,— He BHacMemb. 

— BtpHo,— corjiacHJicji oht> h oTKuny-TB CyTHJiKy. — Xo- 
HercR, 6panHR'B... nepBfiR'B saBejicji bo uwb BHHHofi... Ilpona- 
ffJBLTb MHi, a? 

Owb BonpocnrejibHo nocMOTp'bji'B Ha MeHH. H ne otb'6thji'b 
eicy Ha 3to HHHero h cnpocHJiib: 

— A CHH-B-TO XOBflftCKift ryJIHJTB CB SaMH?.. IlHjrb BOflKy- 

TO rpa(|)CKyK)? 

— Kyjia uhjib! . IIojiagjiCH CTb oti?om'B, yraent Kyaa-TO... H 
B'B cepeny na yron^enbe ne xoahjtb. ^a, BsanpaBjiy, xopomo 
c]ifbjiB,:vh, TTO He xowJih. H uwb 6u, 6panHRi>, Ra6u snaTB, 
He cjrhjn> xoottb... «a y«x, BH^Ho, xaKTb rpixy Chtb... JX^o 

C^h 8CTHMH HMeHHHaMH JlfiL CB yPOH^eHleM'b BUUIJIO — 6fl... Co- 

6pajmcB dTO npaBocjiaBHue B'B cepeAy hathtb... Xomhh'b MH'b 
H roBopHTB no-HaMeAHHniHflMy: ^uoijiewb, pa6oTa ycn^erB... 
iiJiH B^aKaro paay mokho**. Hy, a MHt xy^o jih?.. SI pajTB... 
Ba6H TOKe ne oTCTaiorb... paapa^HJiHCB, — hhcto, rojioBa, 6a- 
puHH... ApyrB nepeAi* spyacKofi... cb n^cHHMH na OapcRifi 
^Bop-B... Chhok-b onaTB He nomejTB. Xoshtb, moji^ihtb,.. cmot- 

pHTB SB'tpeiTB... TOJIBKO MH'b Vh AOFOHRy, KaKlb HOmJIH MH, 

6ypRHyjn): .axi) bh, cbojiohh, xaMHl** 

^ — Hy, npHHUiH dTO mu na fiapcRifl ABopii, onaTb na aTo 
MtcTO, Kb CaJiROHy... TyrB, vnajuswh^ ctoji'b ctohtb, CKaTepTBK) 

HaKpHTB, Ha CTOJI* eORaJITb BOTB a^aRifl, — pyROfi oCXBaTHTB, 

rpa^HH-B... A aa ctojiomx ABopeuRifi, tojicthA, pH«ift... npn- 
cTasjieHB, anaiHTB, BOARy noAHocHTb. Hennoro noAajiBme Apy- 
roH ctojtb, TaMi aaRycRa: no nnpory botb no aAajtoMy Aa 

BeT^^IHHH RyCORB, a ROJIH RTO BeTHMHH HC MCeJiaeTTb, ABHB HOCT- 

HUd, "biDB pufiy... BoARH nefi AocuTa... Buhhjtb doRajiB, 
Majio, — ^nefi, en^e naJiB^rB. 

JIaAHO. 0603RAaJIH MH 3T0 MaJIO A*JIO, rJIHAHMX— HBB HapBA- 

Hofi caMB BumejTb... KaRaa-TO BHcoRaa 6apuHH B'B o^Rax'B cb 
HHiTB Aa ABa ^Hrana B'B nHAaca^HiuRax'B, yHHTejiHmKH bo- 
KpyrB ero, KaKi* xH'bjiB Rpyn thhhhrh, bbatch... HpHBeJiH cb 
co6ofi, cyKHHH A^TH, pe6aTB Bce ynnjinme, bhctpohjih B'B 
cTopoHRi H, TOJIBKO, noHHMaeniB, rpa^'B-To comeji-B cb 6ajiR0Ha 
3AopoBaTBca, BejiijiH ohh hmi> KaKyKhTO KaHTy niTb... SnaMo, 
htoCli yroAHTb, HapoATb 6*AHHfi, ceMeftHHft... TjiaAHmb, hto^ 
HHfiyAB nepenaAeTB: mTaHHmRH cTapHe AacTB — h to AaBaft 
CDAa... 3a6HTHH napoAi, po6Rifl, xy«e nacB rptmHHXTb, hcthh- 
bh6 TocnoAbl 

IIoaAopoBajica 3To owb cb HaMH... Mh bo bch) tjiotky 
ypa... TaKott-caRoft, otcitb, CaTiomRa... yBHAajra BOARy-To, 



60 



c. noAi'fliEii'b. 



1 



omaji'fejiH, pa^H... Chm> Ha ciyjit okojio cTOJia, fiapuHa okojio, 
jr^HTejiHrnKU... ^BopeuKifi da cTOJioMTb, Aa flsa KaKHX'B-To 6pH- 
thxtj, lOJiyH, HTO JiH, necB nxi) SHaeTt, y Hero bi> noAHysK- 
hhxtj,.. Hst* ^eTBepTHOM B'B rpa^HHX BOAKy JibroiTj, Ao6aB- 

Ha^aJiH noAXOAHTL kx cTOJiy Apyri^ 3a ApyHCKOH... He- 
peAx ycTpoHJiH... a noaaAH CBoero BCTajii>... Aep^Kycb eny 3a 
noHci>, KaKX pe6eH0Ki> aa HaubKy. 

noAornJiH... noAoaiejii> Hann> nepeA^... XoaaaH'b nepe- 
AOM-b... „3ApaBia atejiaio, CaiioniKa Banie ca... qecTb hm^h) 
npo3ApaBHTb cii npomeAuiHM'L ci> aHAejiOMX, Aa cb uapcKofi cb 

MHJIOCTbK) Ch npOHSBOA^'TBOM'b**... OXB'feCHJI'b 3T0 HOKJIOH'b Vh 

uoBQ-h. J'sHaJi'b ero rpa(J)'b. „A, A6paM^! 3AopoBO... Hy, KaKt 
mHBemb?" CJiaBa, Bory, CaxioiuKa Bame ca. Bhi, ocMtJirocb cnpo- 
CHTb, KnK'b? KaKX TaM'b /lyMa-TO?— ocM'fejiiocb cnpocHib. — 
^^yMa-TO? HHHero. ZlyMa, 6parb, Bce AyMaexx, KaK'b y nacb 
seMJiJO oTHaTb, Aa BaM'b oxAaib. Xo, xo, xo!" 3ap«aJii>. Amou 
CMy: „JIb. Hefflb 3xo bosmomcho. . KaK'b aee xaK'b? He aaKon-b**. 

— „A BoxTb, roBopHX'b, uo-TBoeMy He aaKOHx, a no-nxHeiy 
aaKOH-B.,. HafipajiH xaM^ KpaMOJibHHKOBT), roJioBoptaoB'b, Kpa- 
^ax'B, KaK'b bij Ka6aK'fe"... MaxHyjn> pyKofl, He cxaJii> 6oju>me 
roBopiiTij... AocxajiTb nopxcHrap^, BaKypujiii nannpocKy. 

BwnMJi'b Mofi xoaaHH'b OoKajib — nomeji'b K^b aaKycK*... 
il noAoiiieji'b... HajiHJi'b MHt ABopei^Kiii... Baajii* a B-b JxiByro 
pyKy 6oKaji'b siOTb, nepeKpecxHJica npaBofi, rpa(J)y noKJioHT), 
BjipaBiH, MOJiTb, MceJiaio... xojibKo xorfeji-b BHnnxb, anx xyxT> h 
cjiyHHCb, CpaxHHK-b, rptax... xaKaa-xo BHnuia saBapHmKa.., 
Tb(|)yl,. 

yanaji'b MCHa rpacl)^.— „A, roBopnxi*, npiaxejib! Th kto xa- 
Kofi, a?" Bcxaji'b crb M^cxa, noAomeji-b ko mh*... noKpacH'fcrb 
BecB.,. xaK'b H aaJiHJica KpacKOft... „Th ne aA^niHifi? A xoxt>, 
KOTopufi ch xo6ofi dbijix, BAtcb? ToBopH :Ke! 4xo xh moji- 

Tjiflmy, noAfi'bacaji'b ^oA xoaaaH'b... „9xo, roBopan*, Baine 
ca, Mofl.. B'b paCoxHHKaxT) y nena nanaaca, KaayuKofi, 
Aa.ibHiH„. Baaji-b a ero cioah... ne nporHiBaaxecb, na Bacb 
BarJianyxb... HeaoBtKii obi> xeMHuiil aAaKoe jihuo rAt-xcb eMy 
BMAaTb,» He o6e3cyAbxe"... 3acMtaaca rpa(j[)'b, aAaK'b, caumno, 
CO 3JiocTbK), Hexopofflo.— „J[I,a yacb ohx, roBopaxb. BHAaJTb 
MeHa. A xoxT>... kxo cb xo6oh nieai* xorAa?.. KxoxaKOM, nefi?** — 
Ero BOT'b, roBopro, chh'b. IToKaaaJix na xoaaHHa. Odepnyjica 
OH'b, — pCu-H-H'b?— roBopHXT>.--Box'b KaK'b, a a H He yaaaJi'b... 
He AyMaJi-b, He AyMaa'b... He oatHAaJiT» a, AfipaMi*, hto XBofi 
CHHOK'b MOHa naomaAHHMH cjioBaMH pyraxb CM'feji'b... Baaro- 
Aapjt), AfipaM'b, o^eHb CaaroAapio!./* A. xoxt> ucriyrajica, no6b- 




P A 8 Jl A ;^ 1>. 61 

jAjte... ^Baffle ca... noMfljiyflie! wo xaKoe?"— .A BOH^ y Hero, 
roBopHTB, cnpocH... OHT> Te6t cKa«en>"... 

H HanycTHJicH oht>, CpaTiHK'B, lyrB flonpeacb Ha mohh, a 
noToifB Ha caMoro. „JI^a TH, Kpn^HTb HaMeHH, kto TaR0]S?^aTBi 
TaKOfi ace... tu aaoAHO... hh Bora, hh uapn He npasHaere, cy- 

KHHU CHHH... 3a ypH;tHHKOMl> HOCJiaTB. . fla a Te6H, TaKOft- 

cflKofl, BT» ocTpori>... crnieniB th y Mena bx xiopBM-fe"... H 
CTex)... omaJi'6jrB, cjiOBa cKasaTB ne Mory. BpocHJiii MenH, na- 
nycTHJicH Ha xoBHHHa... Hy, dTOMy nonajio ^jiopoBuie Moro. Yjk'b 
OH'B ero... y«x ohi> ero npa HapoA*-To!..— .Kto oh^b TaKofl, 

KpH^HTB, TBOfi Hl^eHOK'B, a? KaK'B OHl) CM'&JI'B? Sa^'blTB TU BFO 

nepacHmB?.. IIo^eMy oh-b cro^a He npamejix, a?.. Bet npHOUiH, 
a OHi> HtTB... IIoHeMy?.. Moji^huib, ciapHft necB? KpaMOJiB- 
HHKa A6p»HmB... ^a sHaemB jih th, hto a KnacTB hm^k) no- 
BtcHTB ero, MepsaBi^a, a?"*... 

A Mo^ eMy Ha dTo CyjiTUTb npH BceMi-To napoA'b bx 
HorH- — ^Btmafl, roBopHTB, 6aTiomKa, cjioBa ne CKaMcy... Oxcxy- 
naiocB A OTB Hero... He cepAHCB th tojibko na MeHH XpncTa 
panH... npocxH... Jlfl. HemB a y^y ero... YpoAHJica xaKoft pas- 
6oftHERi> .. Hxo cxanemB AlsJiaxB cb hhm1>. IIpocxH''... Kaxaexca 
y Hero b-b Horax-B-xo Ha cxapocxH jrkrb, cMOTptTb HHJ^o 
coB-fccxHo... HapoA:B cxohtt>, MOJiqaxx, BC'ibM'B Bpont KaKX-to 
neaoBKo, cthoto... CtJi'B onaxB rpa(j|)x na cxyjFB, yxEiUHJica 
BiajiocxB... noroBopHJi'B hxo-xo no-KaKOBCKH-xo CB 6apuHed b'b 
OHKax'B... IIoxoM^B MoeMy xoMHHy H roBopHXi»: ,Cxynatt ffOMOft. 
HcaopTHJTB XH MHt BeCB npas^^HHR'B. A XM,— MHi roBopHXi>,— 
jiynme ne nonajataJSca na rjiaaa. Hxo6h h ;iyxy xaoero He 
6UJIO... IIoHajix?"...— ,,J];a a, roBopK), Barae ca, hh npH HeM-B... 
Owh HBaHBift fiHa'B... a a wo-k-b... a, snaMo, pa6oxHHKT>.** 
HanycTHJica ohi onaxB Ha Mena: „Mojitoxb, kphtoxi>, ne pas- 
roBapHBaxB... Mojinaxb!.. Ilepe^'B R'&m'b cxohhib, cyRHHT> cnwh, 
a?.. MojnaxB!" 

ya-B a cxoK), He JiHrny, ne xormo hxo roBopHXB, a ohb see 
CBoe: — .MOJiiaxbl* — opeTT>... 

Hxo craHeniB ^tJiaTb... IIomaH ku cb xoaaHHOM'B otb na- 
poAy npoHB, cjiobho coCaRH, xbocti> noAXcaMmn. CostcxHO 
eMy, BH«y. TojioBy naKJioHHJi'B, bt* JiHa* xohho noHepH*Ji73 

KaKTb-XO, COnHTB HOCOM-B... dX'h, AyMaK), 6HXb HeMy-HHfiyAB... 

flijio-xo no-xopomeMy ne oCofiAexca. 

Oxoman mu oxi> 6apcRaro ABopa nopaAOHHo d^aKX, He bh- 
AaxB HacB oxrena; ohi>, noHHMaemb, hh cjioBa ne roBopa, 6si.ixb 
Mena no ptijiy — HCKpu noctinaaHCB, hcxhhhhU Fochoab. H 
Hanaji-B, h na^ajTB... „JJfi. xbi xaRO]tt-ro, Aa th 8AaKofl-xo. /l,a 
saH'bM'B xIj He cRaaa.i'B MH'b. 3aoAHO xh cb hhmi>I Pacnexx 
xefi-fe, cxynafl R'b Hopxy, ne HyaceHT>'*. A cam xaKi* cb Ky- 
aaHBaMH, ocxepBeHEJica, h npexi> R'B pnay... Hy, xyxT> yafB h 



^2 C. O A "B fl H S B "B. 

s He CTepn'bjrii: CMaaaJTB ero pasa jiBa... Jlfiput Tefia, roBopio, 
TopTB H ct pacHeroiTb-TO. CHOxani^ npoiuurruH!.. Bcd flo- 
pory, noKE ao ^Bopa num, JiaajmcB mu, hto hh ecTb xyise... 
Mffb, SHaico, o6haho... /I,0BeAHCb ao Koro xomB, noHanpacHj 
JiaDTB... H Tose, He6ocB, He RaiceHHufi... npHnum fb HSfiy. 
OflHa crapyxa jiousl, hhrofo Htrb. „A PA'i^-anb totb, roBopHTB, 
paafioHHHiTB-To?'' — „7I,a He 3Hai). TyxaTKO 6ujn», BeprtJica, bh- 
mejTB RyAa-To''... C'ki'B offB na JiaBRy, hoi'h pascraBHJrB, co- 
HHTB, Ayxt He nepeBeAeTB... OTcrernyji'B BopoTB, thsro eicy... 

noCHA'^JTBi BCROHHJTB, nO&bVhJTh HO Hd6i, CJ^JTB OHflTB H— 

^ITO se Tu AyMaeniB, 6paTHHRi», BaimaRajTB co bjiocth-to... 
y»B o^eHB eMy, anaHHrB, o6haho nacqerB rpaija-ro... ocxpa- 
MHJTB npH BCeiCB HapoA^^.- 

HejiOBKO Mffk crajio... nomejTB a h3i> h36k... Fjihab, 3a 

ABepBD Bly CbnuaX'B CUHORl... HAeTB OTRyAa-TO, BUOHMinH... 

,Hy HTO, roBopHTB, yrooTHJiH becb? Bh eme Ch, roBopHTB, 
XpHcra paAH nonpocHJiH... Ohi* eioie 6u yrocTHjTB. Ax'b bu, 

CBOJIOTal..* 

— He xoAH, roBopK) eiiy, b*b H86y, o6o»cah: caiTB nexo- 
pom'B... KaKi 6h Hero He 6hjio. — „A hto?"... 

PadCRaaaji'B a eny. A owh cirbercH, paA'B... »TaR^ BairB, 
roBopHTb, H HaAo... JIoBRO. BoTB, HeiSocB, irofi-To, noflAy no- 
cMOTpi)**.— Homeji'B b-b H36y... SI sa hhitb... Fp'bmHBifi hcjio- 
vkwb, JiH)6oiiHTHa mh4, hto y hhx'b 6yAeTB. 

He ycnfcrB 3to ohb nepeai nopon> nyreifB nepejrbdTB, 
RaRi> Ha6pocHJica Ha nero cairB, poBHo bojiri* na naA&JiB... 
CutnHjmcB. „Th hto-h^ bto co mhoA CA^JiajTB, 6orooTCTyn- 

UEK-b npOKJIHTblfi, a?— KpHHHTB CTapHR^B. — 71,OJirO-JIB TH MeHH 
CTpaMHTb-TO, My^HTB-TO 6yAeOIB? ^TO TH CO MHOH HaA'^KiaJTB? 

Ob RaKHMH H 6'bJibMaMH Ha yjiHi^y xenepb BHflAy? KaK-B a Kb 
rpa({)y noRa»cycB? MonieHHHKT> th, pa36ofiHHK'B, cyKHHB cbihi>! 
K-B ypHAHHRy Te6H... cBHmy no pynairB, no HoraicB, — bti ro- 

POAB!.. HopOTB Te6H, CMyTBHH'B npORJIHTUfi... BUniH6HTB Hdli 

Te6a Ayx'B-TO tbom OKaaHHufil.." — A cHHTb CM^eTca Aan roBo- 
paPB eMy na aro: ^YrocTHJi'B, roBopnrB, jiobko... TaK'B h naAO. 
QoAH en^e noKJiaHHflca,— noAHeceTB ^aniKy... IIoMHpHTecB, ro- 
BopHTB. Owb TaKHXT* jidChtb... PH6aK*B pHfiaKa CB Apyroro 
(iepera BHAnrb... TaKie o6opMOTU, KaR'b th, nwh HyacHH, KaR^B 
MocTB HepesTi ptRy. Ho BamHM'b cnHnaM-B xoa^tb, a th, Ay- 
paRi^, THHCb HHace... ax'b, bhI" Xorfeji'B eme hto-to CRasaTb, 
Aa He ycntji-B... CjiyMHJiocB TyrB, epaTHHR-b, AtJio, ne Aafi 
BoPb, BcnoMHHTb Toinno... CxsaTHJi'b, noHHMaeniB, caM-b pyCejib, 
BOTb ROTopHM'b 6a6H fitjibe RaTaiorb, na 6pycy oH-b JiesajTb, 
Aa RaR-b axHerb ero bthm-b pyfiejieM'b-TO no rojioBt... TaR*B owb 
ii noRaTHJicH no nojiy, RaR'b cHom>... 

— yfiflJITb? — RaR'b-TO HeBOJIbHO BOCRJIHRHyjI'b H. 



w^^n^ 



P A 8 J[ A A 1>- 63 

— A TH cjiymaft. Htxt, ne •yOnji'B cpaay, a tojibko orjiy- 
fflHJix... YAapnji'B-TO OHX ero, noHHMaeniB, njianiMfl, a He pe6- 
poiTb... Ka6H peCpoBTB— iipomH6i> 6h rojiosy... Hy, ynaji'B 3T0 
OBTB Ha noji'b, noTOBTB xortJTB BCTaib, an-B HtrB, ne MO«eTi>... 
IloflHJiJiCH aaaK-B na KapaHKH, J^a no HB6t-T0 KpyroM'b, Kpy- 

rOM-B Ha OAHOM-B Micrt, KaK'B BOJineK'b^. CrpaCTH CMOTptlb — 
HCTHHHHft TocnOAB... 

Ilo;i6'6»cajn> a k^b Heny. Hto-th, hto th? BMJVb ero bi* 
oxamcy, noca^HJi'B na CKaMefiKy, a y nero roJioBa-TO botb TaK'b 
BHH3i> H na^^aeTB, h roBopHTB HBHero ne mosrctb, asuica p'b- 
niHJicH... BdHJi'B H, noflcxejiiiJi'B ex tojiobJi— nojioacHJi-B ero. — 
Ciapyia-To co cTpaxy y6'B»a;ia sa «BepB, BTpoeirb mu ocTa- 
jiHCB... YChjtb, roBopK), Majiaro-TO... hto lenepB ffknaiB, a?.. 
MojnHTB ciapHft, Hcnyrajicn, TpHcexcH... B'h 6ojiBHHi;y, roBopio, 
Hwo cKopte BeaTH— noKa acHB^. MoacerB, noMoryrB... Jls, na- 
Bpajl-B... 3a nonoM^ 6h nocjiaxb... HanpteTB Te6t lenepB, ro- 
BopK), ^To Haj^tjiaJi-Bl.. HcnyrajicH oh-b, Bnay, eme 6ojiBme-. 
»BaTK>niKa, roBopsrB, MapReji'B, He CRaaHsal!, ue CKaauBaft 
XpHCTa paAH... He ry6Hl.. SaTacKaiOTBl.. H Te6'6 aa dTo... botb 
noroAH... noroAH, a Te6t ab* KpacnHx-B... Majio? Tpn... jkhbh 
y MeHH, neft, tmB...* rjinacy a na nero. Arb th, flyMai), cbo- 
JioHB TH 9AaKaH. Oh-b Bce ofi-B ce6t-To xJionoierB, ce(5a-T0 eMy 
«ajiKo nyme Bcero, a He HejioB^Ka... H-Aa!.. 

— HoMep-B?— cnpoCHJi'B a eme paa'B. 

— TyxTb ae, na 8T0ft CKaMBt, rfli hojiomchjtb a ero— OTAaJii 
Bory Aymy. Bea'B aaHKa CuJi-b na, aojurho, h fiea-B nanaTH... 
noracB, KaK'B jiyHHHa... noTpeni;ajia» noTpeniajia, Aa h Toro, 
cBajiHJiacB B'B jioxaHKy, tojibko aumor'b nomeji'B. 

PaacRaaHHRB ohhtb aaMOJisajTB, cjiobho aaAyMaBmncB o 

HeM-B-TO... 

— Hy, a KaK'B ae noToM-B-TO?— cnpocHJTBa.— CaM'B-TOKaK'B 
»e?.. CyAHJiH? Hto eny 6hjio? 

Oh'b Maxuyji'B pyKofi. 

— 0, fipaT^HKi,— HopTa aHcaro cyanJiHl.. Hh <|)Hra eiiy ne 
fiujio, — onpaBflajiH... 

— Hy, a TH KaK'B ae?.. Y nero anTB ocTajica? 

OH'B ycMtxHyjica KaKofl-TO nexopomefi, ajiofiHoft ycMtniKofi 

H OTBtTHJl'B: 

— - y Hero... Aa tojibko, epaTSHKi*, ne AOJiro... Ero, craparo 
nca, — Hamejica KaKou-To Ao6puH ^ejioBiK'B, — cnajmjiH... 

— KaK'B cnajiHJiH? 

— KaK'B!.. KaK'B!.. He anaeuib, KaK'B?.. MaxoHBKifl, hto-jih?.. 
HoAnycTHJiH ho^bd nfeTyxa noji,i> KpHiny-TO — hYotobo a'^JIO... 
KaK'B KopoBa aanKOMi) cjiuanyjia. 

— KTO-acB 9T0? — cnpocMJi'B a h nocMOTp'feji'B Ha nero. 




Ohi> Toae CMoiptJi'B Ha Mena, h ero ry6H KpHBHJia npeHt- 
HHfl 8Jio6HaH, Hexopoman ycaffaniRa. 

— HamejicH TaKOH... m h 3a fltjio... TaKt eny, cyKHHy 

CHHy, H Ha^O... TaKT* H HajlO... H BChUTy VLWb, KpOBO^iH^aM•b, 

BctM-B... 0x1), TocnoAH... 

OhI) cxBaTHJicfl 3a rpy;iB, saRanuiflJiCH, BCTaJii* h, MaxnyB'B^ 
pyKofi, nomejTB oi^h Mena npoHB. 

— Ky^a-MCTb TH, noroj^Hl— KpHKHyji'B a, flyMaa, hto owh 

OCTaHOBHTCa... 

Ho, ;^aace H6 orjiaHyBuiHCb Ha Mofl kphkx, ohi> onaTb 
MaxHyjii) pyKoft h nepes-B MHHyiy CKpHJica na noBoport aa 
HacTO H rycTo paspocninMHca KycxaMH. 

C. noAi>flHeBir. 



OnepKH HST) HCTOpiH nOJIHTHHeCKHXT) H 

oSmeeTBeHHHXT) ujiefi ^teKadpneTOBT). 



y. 

H.!ieHH Taflnaro 06mecTBa b^ cBOHXTb npennojioacefliflX'B otboch- 
TejLHO npeo6pa30BaHlA cyn^ecTByioiiiaro crpofl ocTaHaBJiHBajiHCb no^TH 
Ha Bcbrb BBJieElgTb pyccKofi shshh: ohh saffyuHBajiHCB na^'B xiifB, 

KaSHb HySHO pe^^OpMHpOBaTB BUCmyK) H MiCTHyiO aAHAHHCTpaEliK), 

cyAonpofldBo;^CTBO, yjiyqniHTB tiopbmbi, orpaHH^HTB TijrecHBUi Hasasa- 
HiE, ycTpoHTB Sojite npaBHJBHO rocy^apcTBeHHoe xosaftcxBO. Ohh pas- 
CMaTpHBaiHy RTO HyscHO c^tjiaTB AJifl coBepmeHHaro yne^ToseHm co- 
cjiOBHaro GTpofl HJiH jifW EBwbEema noJioseHiH oxA'bjibHux'B cocjiOBilt 
H, npesA6 Bcero, ff,ssi yHH^ToseHia EpibnocxHoro npasa; ohh cxpeiiH- 
ju[CB Kii ycTaH0Bj[(3HiK) CB060ABI coB'JkcTH HJIH, HO RpafiHefi M'bpt, wbjfO-' 
TepnHHOCTH^ Rii BBeAeHiK) CB060AB1 ne^aiH. Ohh Tpe6oBajiH ynnqTo- 
seHiH BoeHHHTB noceieHifl^ nojHaro npeo6pa30BaHiH namero soen- 
Haro cTpofl H ocofieHHO coKpanieHiH cpoKa cjljx6u coja[;i;arb. OsHaso- 
XHBmHGB CB HpoeKTaMH ROHCTHTyi^iOHHaro xapaRTepa h nepexoAfl k^^ 
TpeSoBaHiflifB qacTHBix'B npeo6pa30BaHifi, uu naqneM'b cb npe^nojio- 
semt OTHOCHTeJiBHO npeo6pa30BaHiH cy;ionpoH8BOACTBa. 

HaA'B BonpocoM'B o Heo6xo;^HM0CTu BBeAenia oacHaro cy;^onpo- 
HSBOj^cTBa H cy^a dphchshux'b e^Ba-jiH He 6oj[ie Apyrnx'B HJienoB'B 
TaiHaro 06ntecTBa pasMBinuHJi'B H. H. TypreseB'B, ROTopufi en^e Brb 
xocKOBCROM'B yHHsepcHTei^ cjiymaa'B jeRipH no «T6opiH npaBa» h8- 
iricTHaro npo$eccopa n^BtiaeBa *). OffB cxaJi'L sa^aBaxbCfl bxhote 
BonpocaMH^ KaR'B bhaho hs'b ero AnesHHRa, eni;e ao BCxynjiemH bi» 
06mecxBO **). 



*) M, I, BumHuuep%. ^FeTTHHreHCKie ro^H H. H. TypreneBa". „MHHyB- 
raie roAH" 1908 r. MN^ 5—6, CTp. 220—222. 

♦•) HanoMHio, hto, eine bi> caiioM-B Hanaji* XIX b., A. H. PaAHmeBi> 
CHHTaJii* HeoGxoAHMLiMH BBe^enie r^iacHaro cyAonpoH3Bo;icTBa h cyjxa npH- 
cfl]KHi»ixi> n coBepmeHHoe yKHHTOweHie npncTpacTHUxt AonpocoB'B; ohi> 

liojih, OTAtjn. I S 



m 



CEMEBCKlfi. 



1 



B-B 1816 ro4y, 3a;^yMHBaflCB Ha^'L H3;^aHieM'B co^HHenifl no yroiOBHO- 
My npaey, hm KOToparo oh-l BocnoJiii30Bajica cbohmh sanncflMH jieKiofi no 
yrojoBHOMy iipasy TajiaHTjiHBaro rerrflHreHCKaro npo$eccopa Ti^jsfi *), 
ofl'L BucKa^MBaePB npeAnoJioseme o tom'l, itoCli bt* npeAHCJOBiH Kt 
HeMy irpcflciaBHTb «nojib3y h Heo6xo;^HMOCTb» cy;^a npncaiKHHX'B. Bt 
3T0MT ffie Ji.iii cJIt;^yK)I^eM'B ro^y oh-b ocTaHaBjiBBaeica na MatniH Ha- 
ranejiH, aBTOpa KHHrfl o ^pani^yscKoS peBOJUonjiH ^ *), o neofixoAHMOCTH 
He TOJiLEo cy^a npncasHHX'B, ho h «mhphhx'l cyj;efi». B'b $eBpajt. 
IBiy r oHT> B03paHaerB bt> cbocitb ^aeBHHKt na Mfltnie o cyjh 
npiic^^Huxii HBBtcTHaro Ban^HTHHKa cxaparo pesRMa BonaJibAa. 
yjBepa^naa <'ito jury ne ecxb ycjiOBie cbo6oau, BonajibA'B roBopHTb, ^TQ 
Kai£afl B'B TOUT* CBo6o;^a: ocya^aTb ce6t noji;o6HUX'b? Mu 3aM'bTHM'B», 
iipo;^ojiJKaerL TypreneBt, «^to axo ne npaBO, a o6fl3aHHOCTb Ann cy- 
A^miixi., HO npaBO jpa no;iicyAHMaro h npHBHaK'b, ycjioBie ero cbo- 
6oji,U7^. B^ 1819 r. (7 aBrycxa) OHt nHmerb Bt j^neBEHK*: 4(^obojibho 
bi» nojbsy yipeaKAenifl npHCflSHUx'B CA^jiaTb oaho 3aMt«iaHie, npeA'b 

KOTOpHM'L BCIl KpBBOTOJIKH flfiJOREU 6e8MOJ[CTBOBaTb; ^lOBOJbHO CKa-. 

3aTL, ^iTo c/b rhxT> uopt, KaK'b AnrjiiH nacJiaacAaeTca 6jiaroAtTejib- 
Euwh y^pe^/ienieM'B npHCfl»HuxT», hh oahhi> neBHEHufi ne 6Kjn» npu- 
roBOpen-b cyAOHi hxi> Kt naKasaHiH) (?). A B'b rhx^ rocy^apcTBaxi, 
rji,t MepxBHH cuoBa BaKOua, r^t osaMentjibifl cepAi(a cy^efi nape- 
Eaiorb npHroBOp-B noAcyAHMHM'bl..* (sic). B'b ceHraGp* cjAjiyromaro 
roAa TypreneB'L na^HHaerb, KaK'b bhaho hb'b AHeBHBRa^ nncaTb co- 
HHBBBie cyA'b npHCflasHbix'b, kI) cosajilHiio He coxpaHHBmeecH. Tasob, 
HanpHMip-B, 22 ceHTH6pa, oh'b OTMtqaerb, qxo OKOH^HjrB Bxopyro rjiasy 
«o cjiibACTBiB)» H HBAOBOJieH'B OK), ^aji'be OH'B nnmeTB o TOifB, KaKX 

npBCBKFHe npOHBHOCHT'B CBOM npHFOBOp'B, B'B 4-ft TJLS.Vb, HO BFO CJIO- 

BaMi*, Mcauofi cyniecTBeHHOfi», roBopHTB <o MajiOMnb cy^^ npHcas- 
HLix-LJ* ***)ho cyAeftcKOM-B cocjiOBiH BOo6me; niecTaa rjiaBa6HJia no- 
cBameea Bonpocy o eAHHorjacHOiTB ptraeniH npHCJiKHbix'B. B'B na- 
qaa'b AeKa6pfl oh'b nHmerb 7-© rjiaBy «o6'b 0TBiTCTBeflH0CTH»****) h 
npn BTOM'B saAf^qaerb: «MbiGJib o n.eHdypi OTHBMaerB jsjrb nHcaTB» 



yTBep}KJiajii> laume, hto bc^ coctoahIa paBBu nepoAB aaROHOM'B, h noroMy 
rbiiecHbifl HaKaaaaiii aojurho OTM']&HHTb. 

•) Cm. La Russie et les Russes I, 84, 389—891. 
^"^j .Essai bistorique et critique but la revolation fran^aise, ses causes 
etses reBulUts* par M... (Paganel). llepBoe HB^aHle KOH^HCKOBaHo bb 1810 r. 
H yBH'iToaKeHo jTh 1813 r.; BTopoe Bunuio bb cb^tb bb 1814 r. 

*^*) BojibiuoD cy^B npHCflSRHbixB BB AHrjUH p-j^majiB BonpocB o npeAaHiii 
cy^y (cm. MiiTTepMaflepB .yroaoBHoe cyflonponaBOACTBO bb Anrjiin, IUot- 
jjaHAiH K AMepuKt', M. 1864 r. crp. 216 h cji.); Majiufl cy^B npncASHBixB 
iipQH3Hoctiai> eABHorAacHufl npHroBopB o bhhobhocth hjih HeBHHHOCTH noA- 
cy;;BMaro. Cp. OoftHHaKifl. ,KypcB yroJiOB. cy^onp.*, t. I, hs^. 2, Cn(5. 
18% r, CTp. 29—30; ,06b ycTpoflcTB* cy^oBB H cyflonpoHBBOACTB* bb AhfjiIh*. 
,;iyxB jKypaa^iOBi" lSi9 r. kh. 12, cxp. 32—40, 49-64. 
***•) /loJiiKsy <5uJiH ObiTB eme rjiaBU o HaKasaHiaxB, o raacHOCTH cy^o- 
npOHaBo;^cTBa u Koe-HTO „o pyccKOMB aciopH', 4to naflAeTca ,bb KapaMSHHt 

BB Cy;4e(5HBKll M npoH.*. 




0«PKH Hai> HCTOPIH Rflfilt AEKABPHCTOBX. 67 

II «8acTaBjrflerB He ToponHTbCA» *). Bi Mai 1821 r. TypreneB^ 
OTM'bqaerB: cnpoAOJisaio saHHMaTbCA iiohm'b SR)pH» (t. e. TpyAOM'B 
cjA'b npHCJisHLixi); b^ kohi^ aBrycTa owh nHmerL: «bi npe^H- 
cJOBiH £*& MoeHy aiopn HaAoSeo CRasaTL 061 yqeHOCTH Him^eB^, 
ycnixarB hxb vb TeopiH saEOHOji^aTejibOTBa Boo6iiie. B'b ^njiooo^iH 
opaBa yrojiOBHaro ohh AAJ^ie Apyrnx'B HapoxoBi»», KOTopuirb <AaHce 

H€H3B%CTHa 4>BJI0C0$Ifl ffblfI^eB1i». 

6^ nepenHCKi H. TyprencBa cb 6paT0M'B CeprleM'B HaxoAHM'B 
eme H^KOTopiiifl no;(po6HOCTH o&h btoitb Tpy;^ vt yRasaHUi Ha ero 

HCTOqHHKH. B'B nHCBMt 0TB HepBarO H0H6pH 1820 r. OWb rOBOpHTB, 
^TO <OXOTy HHCaTb SDpH» BUSBaJIO B'B HOM'B CO^HHeHie ^HJIJIHnca, 

nepeBeAeHHoe Ha ^pani^scRifl asuKh hsb^cthuitb kphctoitb m. Koh- 

TOVB *'*'): «8aS0H0HCKyCTHHRH, Vb 0C06eHH0CTH HiHei^ide*, npoiioji- 

.acaerB TypreneB'B, <BO»CTaioTB npoTHBi asiopH. Himpi roBopATB, hto 
mrB He Hyamo hh BdaHHHoe o6y^eHie, hh svpn, noroky ^o y hhx'b 
nepBona^ajiBHoe yqenie h cyAonpoHSBOACTBO zoponio». Ci nepBiiirB 
-OHB corjiamaercii, OTHOCBTejiBHO nocjrb;(Haro BupasaerB coMHinie. 
«Bnpoqe]rB» Boofinie hobuh noJiHTH^ecKifl HAeH», upH6aBJiflerB H. H., 
^en^e ho BEopeHHJiHCB vb FepManiH^. B'B HHCBirb otb 30 H0H6pfl 
TypreneB'B cooCn^aerB, qTO AyMaerB hocbhthtb cbod KHHiy nojibCKOMy 
celMy «b'b HB'BHBJieHie 3KejiaHifl», vroCu cy^B npHCHSHurB Sbutb y 

HHTB npHHJITB. 

9totb Tpyj^B H. H. TypreneBa o cy^i npncHXHurB ne coxpa- 

HHJCJi, HO OCHOBHHO HpHHIlHnU OFO HBJIOSeHU aBTOpOlfB Vh QTO BHHrb 

La Rusaie et les Kusses ***). Om> npoAiaraerB npHHtHHTB cy^i npn- 
i^XHBirB He TOJiBRo B'B yTOJiOBHUxi, HO H wh FpaacAaHCRHX^ A^JiarB; 
Vb noJiBst necjrbAHelt irtpii ero yfiisAs^erB npHMtpi UIoTJiaHAiH, r^t 
^BeAenie cy^a npHCflSHiiirB B'B rpasAancRoe cyAonpoHSBOACTBO «He- 
A^HO» (cB 1815 r.) Sbuo npHHAfo EaRi BasHaa nporpeccHBHaa 

Wfcpa. OffB C^HTaJTB HeoSxOAHMBnCB, HT06U npHCflSHHllH Mono 6UTB 



*) A. H. TypreneB'b bt> nncbic^ vb rh. BjiaeMCROMy otb 6 0KTJi6pfl 1820 r. 
Tance roBopBTb no noBojiy pa6oTU 6paTa o npnciURHUXB: «npH mucjih o 
uenayp'B TajiaHTi> Mepsnerb, yiiy Ti^cHO b Aymflo... Oahh'b Keesop'b rjxacHO 
-oi^BHJi'B: Stat pro lege voluntas '. ,OcTa$beBCKift ApxaBi REBseft BBseM- 
CKHXTb' II, 84, crp. 89. 

♦♦) R, Phillip B. Des pou voire et des obligations des jurys, traduit 
de Tanglais par Ch. Comte. 

•**) 1847 r. Bruxelles, II, 231—242. 3to bbabo» Ka,K% BffB co($cTBeHHaro 
BBJioseHiB TypreneBa, t^lki* h hsi cji-l^^^yiamaro cBH;^ibTeJii>CTBa AeKa6pHCTa 
BojiKOHCKaro: .B'b npe^^napnTejibnux'b ycTasaxi} pasnuB h^cth ynpaBJieniB 
6ujm poBAanu jina o<Spa6oTKH pasHUMi* jiniiaM'b... cy;^onpoH3Bo;^CTBeBHaB 
H ^HHancoBafi "ibctb 6ujih nopyieau Typrenesy ...TpyAH TypreneBa ne no- 
najiBCb B'b pyKH npaBHTejibCTfiy, no ne cKpoK>, hto see, <ito neiarno buckb- 
aano hmi* o ^^Bnancaxi n cyAonpoH8Bo;xcTB'B jijih PoccIh bo BpeMJi ero 6e3- 
Mflrexnaro npe6i)iBaHin bi nyscBx-b Kpanxi*, ecib cboj^i Toro, hto emx npn- 
roTOBJieno 6ujio a^b npHM-bnealH npn nepesoporb, n&cb n naMH saMbinuiBe- 
MOM-b ;^JW Poccin, n dio b aan-l^pflio ioBtcTbio'. „3anHCKH C, P. Bojikoh- 
•CKaro**. 1901, crp. 422, 423. 

5* 



68 B. G E M E B C K I fi. 

B03MoaHO 6ojibfflee ^hcjio jihitb, ocoSeiHo, wofiH ary o6a8aHHOcTb. 
HeciH jHii;a, cocToamiH Ha rpaaw^ancKoft cjirya64, h hto6li otb nea 

6hJIH HB'MTH TOJIBKO AyXOBeHCTBO, BOeHHUe H CyflibH. Bl yrOIOBHHX'B 

A'&Jiaxib TypreneB'B ycTaHaBJHBaerB npaBHJio, ?to KaxA^fi HMterb 
npaBO 6uTh cyAHMUiTL paBHUHH 0661, qjieBaMH GBoero cocjioBiii, 
OffHaKO, roTOBi ;i;onycTHTB, qToOu jiHi^a BHcmHX'B KiaccoBi yqacTBO- 
BajiH B'B pimediH ji.'kji'h, tjs^ noAcyAHMBiMH aBjifljiHCb JiHiiia h3% um- 
fflHx^ KJiaccoBi, H corjianiaeTCfl h na to, ^toCbi tojilko 6hjio onpe- 
Ai^jieHO pasjiHqie Mes^y njiaTjin^HMH noAyniHyK) noAaxB h u36aBJieH- 
HUMH orb Hefl. Owb npeAJiarai'L bbocth cyA'b npncflxcHuxi Jiunib fs 
^pa«;^aHCKie h yrojiOBHue cy^H BTopoft CTeueHH (b-b ryOepncKHXx ro- 
poAaxi>). npe;^ctAaTejm h HJieHH naiarb yroiOBHaro h rpa«ASkHC&ara 
cy^a A03XHU 6£ijih tojibro noAroroBJUiTb ji^tudk j^rr ptmeHia npncas- 
Hbixi, a B'B yrojiOBHuxi A*JiarB TypreeeBi totob'b 6hjii npeAOcxa- 
BHTb HiirB H cocraBJieHie oGBHHUTejiBHaru aKTa. JH^na cysAeHia no rpas^aH- 

CRHMli AljiaM'B OH'B C^HTaJL^ Heo6XOAHMUUH OCOGbIXT. npHCflSHUX'B,. 

o6ja[aAaH)ii;HTB cneqiajiBHbiMH BHaniflMH. TpHdynajiH nepBofi hh- 
cTaniUH B'B yiBAHBncB ropo^ax'B aojiwhh 6um BtAarb tojibko napy- 
lueHifl iiojiHi](eflcEnxi» npaBHJi'b; Epont Toro, hm'b npoAnoiarajiocB no- 
pyHHTB cjitACTBifl no yrojiOBHbiM'B A*JiaM'B, KOTopua TorAa Sujih bo3- 
jioaceHbi na TaK'B nasbiBaeMHft seMCKltt cyA'B, cocToaBmifl noAi) npoA- 
ciAaTejLBCTBOM'B BcnpaBHHRa. npHcasHbie aojuehu 6ujih sacbAaTb 
TOjibKO B'b nocji'hAHifi irbcan;^ KaacAOfl HeTBeprn ro^a. TypreneBi* cqn- 
laflTj Heo6xoAHMHM'B, ^To6u OHH BHHocHjiM oAHHorjiacHoe ptmenie^ 
HO, no Kpafinefi wb]^ na nepBoe Bpena, no npHM'bpy ^paHnyBCKaro 
cyAonpoHSBOACTBa, AonycKaji'b, hto, ecjiH-6bi b'b leqenie cyioK'B ohh 
He npHHiJiH B'B cowameHiK), to jijijio motjio 6u Outb pimeno 6ojib- 
niHHCTBOM'B TOJiocoBB HJiii upH yqacTifl cyABH *). 

yrojiOBHoe cyAonpoHBBOACTBo AOJiano 6uao 6uTh HCKiroqHTeJibHa 
ycTHoe, a B'b rpaKAancKOM-B mofjio fibrrb Aonyn^eno ^TCHie AOKyMOH- 
TOB-b H sanHCOK'b. AABOKaTfci u npoKypopBi cocTaBJiaK)TT>, no ero mhIi- 
HiK), HeoOxoAHMyK) npHHaAJieaHocTb cyAonpoHOBOACTBa. OH'B AonycKai't, 
^ToGbi Bucmaa HHCTaHqia (cenarB) tojibko KaccnpoBajia npHroBopia 
cyAa npHcasHHX'b, ho ne nponsHOCHJia 6bi cana OKOH^aTe.iBHbiX'B 
npnroBopoB'B. TaKHM'B ofipaaoM'B, ocTaBJiaa no ero cjiOBaM'B, «CKejierL» 
npeHCHHX'B yqpesAeHifl, TypreneB'B cTapajica BAOxnyTb b'b Hero Honyio 

3KM8HB. Ho 60J[BniHM'B HOBOBBeAeHieM'B ' OH'B CHHTaJI'B ycTaHOBiieHie 

rjacHOCTH cyAonpoHBBOACTBa bo Bcix'B cyAeSnbiXT* yqpesAeniax'B. 

B'B CB0HXT> BOcnoMHHaHiax'B H. TypreneBT* roBopHrB: «a pascqii- 
TBiBaji'B HaneqaTaTB B'B npeAnojioacenHOM'B mhok) sypnajit **) MHora 
CTaTefl o6'B yroJOBHOM'B cyAonpoHSBOACTB* n o6'b y^peacAeniH cyAa 



•) TyproHeB'b npe^jiaraji'B, hto6u npn ptmeHiH fl-fea-b cy^OM-b cb npH- 

CflXCHblMH ChlSTb OARHl CyAbfl, TaKl> KaRl> OHl 6jHeTb 60JLlie HySCTBOBaTb BCiO^ 
OTB'I^TCTBeHHOCTb CBOOfl A0J13KH0CTH. 

**) Cm. HeM-B BT» Moefl cTaxb-fe bt. ,Pyc. BoraxcTBt" 1908 r. Js6 4, cTp„ 
77—79. 



^ 



J •»" 



07BPKH HBTi flCTOPIH H^Efi AB^^ABPHCTOB^. 69 

npHGflSHIiIZ'B*. YnOMflHyB'B T0M1, ^TO BTOTB UOCJliAHifl ipjA'B emil 

<noTrH OEOHqeHi», TypreneB'B npoAOJiasaerB: «fl xoTiji'B Tasse hbjio- 
SHTB BBJiHKifl H GesHHCJieHHua HeyAo6cTfia nHCBiieHHaro cyAonpona- 
BOACTBa H noKasaTb HacTOJiTejibHyiD Heo6xoABMOCTi» npHHHTb vh pyc- 
CKHTb cyAaTB ycTHoe nponsBOACTBO. J^jui cTarefi, nparoTOBJieHHiirB 
no BTOMy npeAMOTy, a oco6eHHO BocnojibBOBajicfl xpyAaMH BHaMeHH- 
Taro npo^eccopa MHTxepMafiepa, soTopBifl, no MoeMy mhIhIh), TasfB 
zopomo BHajii u ou^nnunt Asa cnoco6a cyAonpousBOACTBa— ^paHiiya- 

<;Kit H HiMei^Kifi — H SOTOpuM CB HCTBHHOK) HayWOCTbX) COeAHHfleTB 

coBepmeHHyK) jiGHOCTb HSJiosceHLa* *). 

Bt. rbx'B se BOcnoMHHaHiaxi TypreneBX CBHAtrejibCTByerB, hto, 
npoAOJisaa pa6oTy o cyAi npHCflSHBixi> **), OHi 3aAyMajiii> hbjio- 
oEHTb Teopix) yrojiOBHaro cyAonpoHSBOAOTBa, «pa8BHB% ochobhhji Ha- 
^ajia H npaBHjiay soTopurb Heo6xoAHifO BcerAa AopacaxBCfl npn cjrbA- 
CTBIH. fl GTapajicfl, roBopH 06% HHOCTpaHHoiTb BasoHOAaTejibCTBi no 
BToky apeAMery, noKaaaxb pyccROHy qRTaTejiio MHorte h o^enb 
BasHHe HeAOCTaiKH Hamero saKOHOAaTejibCTBa no 8T0Hy npeAnery. 
S. HairbpeBajicA, sorAa sTorb TpyA'b 6yAerb oKOH^evb, cocraBHTb 
ycTa»b yrojiOBHaro cyAonpoHSBOACTBa, KaK-b yse oT^acTH cocTaBHJi'b 
npooRTb ToproBaro yjioacenifl. 8to 6HJ[a moa Meqra, ocyn^ecxBjieHie 

BOTOpofi nOCTOflHHO BaHHMaJIO MOH UUCJIH. Bcl MOH SaHJiTifl 6hULK Ha- 

npaBJieHu ct> rbx'b nopi ri arofi i^u. CyAi»6a ne AOSBOJiHJia mh^^ 
AOBecTH AO soHi^a HH OAHffb H8% 8THX^ TpyAOB'b. 4To6bi jy^mo 03Ha- 
KOMHTbCA cb BonpocoMi, saK'b cyA^ npncflxcHux'b, xaR'b h BOo6n(e 
a&h yrojiOBHOM'b cyAonpoHBBOACTBi, a saAajica MucjiiK) HsyqHTb hxi 
n AHTiriH. npocTBUi (|opMu anrjiificRaro cyAonponsBOACTBa RasajiHCb 
KHi doji'be noAXOAfin^HHH ri* PocgIh, qtn'b ^pam^yBCRlji, 6ojrbe npa* 
BHJiBHUfl (?), HO 6ojrbe cjioshuh h Tpe6yion^iH 6oJite o6pa80BaHHuxi> 
cyAe6Hux'b cjrfcAOBaTejiefi*. Ob btod n;tjibH) TypreneBi CTajrb Astse xjio- 
noxaxb iffhc-rt renepaJibHaro ROHcyjia bi JIohaoh*, ho noJiyqHTb ero 
■eMy He yAajocb. 

CboS TpyA'b cyAonpoHBBOACTBt TypreneBii cooCniHJi'b Gnepan- 
<5R0My h MopABHHOBy *^*) BroTb TpyA^, Hocan^ift aanaBie ^Mucjh o 



*) La Rnssie et lea Russes 1, 84—85. 

**) Ha co6paHiH HJieHOBi ObBepnaro Taflnaro 0(5mecTBa bi 1823 r., bi> 
KBapTHpib H. H. riyiiiHHa, TypreHeBi> bsajica HanHcaTb npoeiCT'b o cy^'b npn- 

<:JURHiiIX'b. 

***) TypreH6B'b 3anHcaJii> Vb ;iHeBHHKt 20 okta6pa 1821 rojja: .GeroAHfl, 
HHTas Bi MHTTepMaflep'!^ 061 ycTpoficTBt cy;;Hoft qacTH B'b 'pa8jiHHHUxi> 
rocy^apcTBaxt*. si noiyBCTBOBaji'b KaKoe-TO cHJibHoe «6J[aHie HanHcaTb h^ko- 
TopbiH desideria A^a Poccih B'b ceM'b OTHomeHiH. GnepaecKift mh'6 npHmejii> 
Ha MUCJib, H UH'b B3;iyMajiocb CA^aTb 8to wb BUA't nncbMa Kb Heicy, TaKX, 
OAHaKO-se, qTo6bi hsi nncbMa Bcer;ia uoacHO 6biJxo CA'^aTb pascyapAeHie*'. 
10 Hoa6pii TypreHeBi saM'^Haerb: ^^He snaio, MoxceTi-JiH noHpaBHTbca cie 
paacyxAeBie K0My-jiH6o. XIoHflTia moh cyAonpoHSBOACTBt OieHb orpanii* 
^enu, h6o h uajio aHaKOM'b cb CHUb npoAMeTOM'b*. 



70 B. G £ M E B G R I fi. 

BosMumHHrB HcnpaBjieHiaxTi poccificKaro cyAonpoH3Bo;^CTBa» *), jd[o- 
meji't Ao HacT> ^*). CoxpaHHjrocB h ^epnoBoe hhcbmo, cb kotophm-b 
aBTOp-B ODpaTiaca eb CnepancKOMy. OffB tobophtb bb neiTB, qro b'b 
saHHTiHX'B «rio qacTH c7AonpoH3BOAGTBa» HaxoAflTB «6ojrbe njnajn ji,JLSt 
J^yIIIH3&, HtHi* B'B saHflTmxB no cjiy»6'h bb MHHHcrepcTBi ^HHancoB'By 
TaE.'B EaK'B ^iiHaHCH €B0 Bcefi Efipoirb Ha npaRTHEt He corjiacHu cb 
Teopiefis, EOTopyK) ohb c^nraeTB c^paBe;^JIH^OIO h Hsy^eHiro EOTopoft 
«nocBJiTiiJi'B .ly^inie Tosfii »h3hh». TypreneBB aaaBJifleTB, qro hitb^ 
«BeerAa ojina rjiaBHafl H^eH BJiaAtexB: npHGaoco6jieHie, no bo3mo»^ 
HOCTH5 Bcero xopomaro, Bcero nojiesnaro, Bcero 6jiaroA4TejK»Haro b'b 
jiojBst PocciH*. CpaBHOHie npaBocyjtifl bb HHOcTpaHHtiXB rocy^ap- 
cTBax'B (VB HanTHBfB BusBiBaeTB BB HOMB «rj[y6osoe G0EpynieHie». Ero 
yrtraaerb to.ijjko naAea^a Ha B03MoaHOCTB ero yjiyqnieHia, xaEB saE'B 
npeoGpaaoBaffie cyAonpoH3BOACTBa HHrfl;* He Bcxptqajio saTpyAHemft. 
«C&ojibED cupaBeAJiHBLixB H HecnpaBeAJ^HBuxB ynpeEOBB pasA^BajiocB 

BB EBponi OTEOGHTOJIBHO HOCJliACTBifi peB0JIK)l4H ({)paHIiy3CE0fi^ HO- 

HHKorAa H HBKOMy He ^pHX0;^HiI0 B'B roJOBy nopHi^aTB BBejeme rjiac- 
HfjcTM B'B GyAonpoH3Bo;iiCTBt, yqpesEweme npncaacHHXB^, BHcmaro 
«peBH3iOHflaro» cy^a (cour de cassation ***). 

Bb cBoeMB pascyKAeniH ****) TypreHCBB roBopHXBO «cji0BecH0MB- 

npOH3BOJtCTBt A'h.lB, TJiaCHOCTH CyA0np0H3B0ACTBa, OTffijreBiH H He3a- 
BHCUMOCTH HaCTH Cy^HOfi OrB npaBHTeJIbCTBeHHOfl, yCTpoflCTBt CyAOB'B, 

ajiBOKaTOBB E crpflninxB*. Ho, npe«;^e qiMB nepefiiH eb bthmb 
BoirpocaMB, oHi. yEaaHBaerB na paajinqie j^ByrB chcto^b yrojioBHara 
npoi^ecca — HtMen^ttofi, ocHOBaHHofl na BBrayai^eHiH otb no;^cy;THMaro 
npH3HaHiji BB bhh4, h $paHn;y3CEofl, cxpeiiflnieficH eb yjiHieHlH) 
o6BHBHeMaro cBUAtTejiBCEHMB noEaaaHijiHH h ocHOBanHoft Ha BHyrpen- 
HeMii y6t3KAeEin ^poH3HOCH^^a^o nparoBopB, h aaMiqaexB, qxo name 
cy!tonpoH3Bo;iCTBO ropaa^o 6jiHHe eb H*Meii;EOfi CHCTOMt, neaejiH eb 
$paBiiy3CK0ii. TypreneBB BOSMyntaeicH yBtmanieMB CBflmeHHHEa J^onpa- 
mnBaBMOMy, othmb, no ero Bupaacemio, cxapanieMB cutjiaTB Bora 
^y^acTHHiLOMB BB HejioBiqecEOft HecnpaBeAJiHBOCTH». Jtajite ohb yEa- 
SBiBELeTB fla TO, ^To ciicTeMa BiiHy»AeHiH npH3HaHia npHBOfl;HTB y 

*J ^arjiasie 3ro H-fecKOJibKO HSMtHeno KapaH;^ameMB: ,Mhcjih h*ko- 
Topuxt HcnpaB^ieHiaxB pocciflcKaro cy;^o^poH3BOflCTBa, bosmosrhlixb jsfi3R& 
H BB TenepdraHeM-L coctohhIh OHaro". 

*•) Cm. TypieHeBCKift ApxHBB, bb ota- pyKon. 6h6ji. AIca;^eMiH HayKB^ 
J* 1132. 

***) TypreHOBt HBBHHaeTca aa JiJiHHHoe BCxynJieHie kb nHCbiiy: ^Tlpn- 
BUKHyB-L HBJiaraTb", — roBopHTB OHB,— „MLicJiH MOH BB pascysR^^eHiJiXB HJia 
itHCcepraJniaxB, KaaflaqaeMnxB ;^JIJ^ HTema ny6jiHKH. ocxaromnxca, o;iHaKo-He, 
Bcer^a bb MoeMii nopT^eji'b, a ne hm-I^io j^obojibho HcxyccTBa, HTo6hi bb 
nticbiit KB *jejioBtKy npocB-femeHHOMy H36'BrHyTb Toro, hto Heo6xo;^Hua 
TftUBKO JiJUS MaccM 'iHTaiejieft... Ecjiii xothtb H36aBHTbCJi oTB noBTopeniJi 
Bclxi>, TaiCB BaBUBaeifux'B, njion^adHhuxyb hcthhb, to Ha;io6HO ptmHTbcx 

npIlBeCTH HXB BT. HCDOJIHeHie". 

•**♦> HaMajio ero coxpaHHJiocb bb flfiyxB pe;^aKai«XB — coKpameHHofl h 

6oate olStiiBpHofi. 




OqSPKH H8X HCTOPiH H^eM AEKABPHCTOBI. 71 

Baci «Bi» ApyroHy nary6HOM7 o6u[KHOBeHi]D», — npacTpacTHOiiy Aonpocy, 
KOTopufl He ?T0 HHoe, KaK'B niiTKa. XoTJi TaKOlt AonpocB BOcnpen^eH'b 
sasoHOiTB, HO qacTO b'b A'i^ficTBHTejiBHocTH npHMlHJieTCfl H npHSHaeicfl 
Heo6xoAHiniirB Ha ocHOBaHiH npeiipaacyAKa, <ito 668% xaRoro BBiny- 
xsfiEm HBJiBdfl ysHarb hcthhu *). 3to bjio MOScerB Slitb yHHvro- 
seHo TOAKO npHHHTieiTB CHCTemi yjiH^eHifl nocpeACTBOMi Aonpoca 
^BHAireielt h Tpe6oBaHiji otb ofiBHHHeMaro JiuniB 06'BflCHeHift h bo8- 
paseHii Ha CBHA^ieJibCRiH nosasania **). 

HirB npHiHHU AynaTB, npoAOJUKaert TvpreneB^, ^itoCbi yipe- 
XAeme cyxa npncHSHurB bi» PoccIh 6bi;io coapiiseHO ci Henpeo^o- 
JiHiiUMH npeoHTCTBijiMH. HaiTb OHO He ^ysAO. CyAe6HHB'B npcAcra- 
B^aerb HairB octobi cero HJioAa CBOtojsfii ahbhx'b repiiaHi^eBii... 
IleTpi I, GHJiBHOK) pysoK) OTAkiHB'B HacB OTB BapsapcTBa Wb 06U' 
uaHXB, OTAbJHXB, K^B Hecqaciiio, h otb 6jiaroA4flHifi jiyimaro oyAO- 

npOHSBOACTSa BMiCTO TOrO, ^T06u c6jia3UTB HaCB CB OHUMH. HiMei^KOe 

tiJiaTBe He BurbcHHJio coBepmeHHo pyccKaro; iiesAy vbwb BaRi* cyA'B 
HiMeivufl H coxpaHHBniaflCfl aohuh^ TarapcKafl pacnpana sacTaBHJiH 
HacB ycTpaQHTB Aase naMHTB ApeBHurb pyccKHxi» ii^tjiOBajibHHRarB... 
Ho B03HosHoe B'B ilcaxB repMaHcuHX'B no^eiiy HeB03M0»H0 TenepB 
BB PocciH? yipeaKAOHie, cymecTBOBaBmee bo Bpeifena loaHHa Fpoa- 
Haro, no^eMy ne ifoserB 6bitb BOcspemeHO h ycoBepmeHCTBOBano bo 
BpeM3Ha AjieKcaHApa?» OAHaso, TypreHeBi» He bxoahtb bi> aroBfB 
pascyxAOHiH vh noApo6Hoe pa3CM0TplHie Bonpoca cy^b npHCHssHux'B, 
Tasi saK'B 8A$CB oH'B«npeAaojioasHji'B roBopHTB tojibko caMuxi* ae- 
saTpyji^HHTeJiBHBix'B nepeM'bHaxi»>, TaKHzi, tsoropBi; HoryrB 6bitb 
npHHHTBi Aa»e n npH TenepemneirB nopjiAK'b namero cyAonpoHs- 
BOACTBa ***). 

npH UHCBMeHHOM^ cyAonpoHSBOACTBt TypreneBi cqHxaerB noaes- 
HuiTB, nocjii pascMOTp^Hifl Bcixi npeACTaBJieHHBix'B npocB6'B h AORy- 
MeHTOB'B, HO Ao ptuiHTejibHaro saRjn^eHifl, AonycTHTB «roBopeHie 



**) B'B nepBofl peAaKixiH paacyncj^enifl TypreHCBi OTM'bHaerb paacKasi 
oAHoro yHTepi-o^Huopa tohi, Kaxi oh'l AonpainHBajiT> coju^arb, HaKopMHBi» 
Hxi> cejie^KaicH. 

**) BasHoe HeyAo6cTBo Hamero yrojioBHaro npouecca coctohtl, no ero 
MH'I^Hiio, Bi> Toan>, hto .jidah cyAflTCfl r ocyxc^^aioTCii no 6oJibuieft ^acTH 
aaoHHO'. Oht» npe^-iaraeTB. npHHflBt cHcxeMy flonpoca, KairB npH cji'fe;icTBiH, 
Tajd* H Ha CYff,% o($R3aTb yrojioBHua najiaTu paacMarpHBaTb A'^Jia bi npH- 
CyTCTBiH no^cyAHMuxB. 

•*•) B'B oco6oirB Ha6pocK'6, (Jea-B nanajia n KOHua, cocTaBJiHioizieM'L, BtpoaxHO 
OTpi2B0RT> H3T> j^pyroFO Tpy^a, TypreHeDT> roBopHTi cy;^* npaciixcHbix'b: 

«3aK0H'L npe;^0CTaBHJIl> He CyAb^Ml> p'buIHTb BHBOBHOCTb HJIH HeBHHHOCTb 

noAcy^^HMaro, ho 12-th HejioB'&KaMi>, k-b KOTopuMi* noAcyAHMUfl HMterB 
AOB'bpeHHocTB: OHM pi^marB ne no nucaHbiM'L HHCTpyKAi^ifB, ho eAHHCTBeHHO 
no yd-tajieHii) BuyTpeBHeMy, no coB-feCTH. Obh BH;^Hrh npecrynnHKa bo Bce 
BpeMR npoH3Bo;(CTBa 4'bJia, ohr cjiumarB csn^'l^TeJieft h, HaKonei^'B, npoH3- 
BOCArB: da hjih Hjfmi, anaa, ito otb cjiowh CHXi saBHCHTB yiacTB ^o;^cy- 
^HMaro. TaKHU-b o6pa30irb npHCHjRHue onpeAtJiHioTi bhhobhoctb. Cy;;'b 
opBJiaraeTB aaKOHi**. TypreneBCKifl ApxHsi*, J^ 789. 



72 B. C E M £ B C K I fi. 

cy^a* BT> oco6owh saciAafliH, bt* icoTopoM'B Tflaymiaca CTopoHH 

MLOTJill 6lI CJIOBeCflO, CaMH HJIH nOCpeACTBOM'B CBOHXt nOB'hpeHHHX'b, 

npe^CTaBHTb cboh hckh hjh oTBixH, nocjii qero cyj^bH jDiOJiatHLi 
nocTasoBHTB pimenia. BnpoqeMt, laKoe ycxHoe, hjh, no ero TepMHHO- 
jioriu, <cjiOBecHoe» A*JioapoH3BOAOTBO oht» npe^prarajiTi bbccth tojibko 
B^ eiisniHrL h cpe^HHX'B HHcraHi^iflX'B, ho ne b^ Cenarb. 

EcjH BBej^enie ycTHOcxH cy;^e6Ha^o nponsBOACTBa npe^CTaBJifleTca 
TypreneBy y^oCHHM'L, to wh ;^'bJIax'B yroJOBHUxt OHt c^HTaerb ero 
;taiKe HeofixojiiHMWM'B, ocoGeHHO eciH hphhato 6jjifiTb npaBHJio paa- 
cMaipHBaTB A'i^jia ne HHane, aaicB bi* npucyTCTBiH noAcyAunaro. 

,y Hacb, RaK'b H BesA'b*, roBopHTb 0Hi>, .cyAaMi> yroJiOBHbiMi> noABep- 
raioTCir tjaH6o;ite jiioah", Koropwe ,6tAHOCTbio h HeBt)KecTBOMT> CKopte bo- 
B/ieKajoTCfl Bii npecrynjieHie h KOTopue... no ced— no chmoO npHHHU'b 6oAte aa- 
c^ym^jD^mrb CHHcxoKAenifl h MHJiocepAisi saKOHHaro, neHceAii roro paBHOAyuiifl, 
ci> KOTopuMi) cyAb6a chxi> HecMacTHbixi> BBtpneTCH, raK-b HasuBaeMOuy, saKOH- 
HOMy nopHAKy, n;ioxo ycrppeHHOMy... h HeAOcraiKH Koero, naAan Ha nntie^ fe- 
iAUf'Hbtx^, He Moryr^ He o6paTHTb ua cc6h Atflre/ibHaro BHHMaHifl rtxii, orb ko- 
Topuxii saBHCHTb HcnpaBJieHie. Zlpyrifl, BbicmiH cocjiOBifl y nacb &!> HtKOTopuxi* 
QTHOQjeHiHX'b, Ka>KeTCfl, coBepmeHHO ocBo6oAHaH ce6H orb 6;iaroTBopHaro nra 
3akOB0Bi> yrOinoBHbixi): ^HHOBHXK'b jiH iirpaerb BtcaMH npaBOcyAin h o6yaHbi- 
Baerii AOBtpenHocTb iipaBHTe/ibCTBa, ABOpHHHH-b jih HeHCTOBCTByerb cb cbohmm 
KpeCT&HHaMHy Kynubi-jiH o6MaHbiBaK)rb ny6jiHKy h Apyrb Apyra, ptAKO cHAaaa- 
icOHa AOCTHraerb hxi> beasaKOHisi; KorAa Hce ki chmi* cocAOBiHMi> npHHaAAexca- 
mfe nonadaioniaif KaK-b y nacb roBopnrb nodi cydi *), to qacro BOSBpauxaioTCfl 
wh cpejiy o6ii;ecTBa no aoAomoMy Mocmy onpaBAaHHbiMH, OHMUxeHHUMH. KorAa 
we— 4TO, BnpoHeMTi, ptAKO CAyqaeTcw, ropaaAO pt)Ke bt* cpaBHeniH ciApyrHMH 
rocyiiapcTBaMH— o6cTOflTeAbCTBa He nosBOAiiiorb OTCTpaHHTb HaKasanie, to h Tyrb 
ifacTo npHroBop> PAacHrb*. ,TaKoro-TO MHHOBHHKa, xaK-b He6AaroHaAe)KHaro, 
oTcrjBHTb orb CAy)K6bi h BnpeAb hh ki* KaKHM-b AtAaM-b ne onpeAtAHTb h He 
BufiHpaTb'.— „MMt>Hie raKoro-TO noMtuiHKa B3flTb bi> ynpaBAeuie oneKM, a 
cMepTb laKoro-TO KpecTbHHHHa npeAaTb BOA-b Bowiefl* **). 

*CiOBecHoe At^onpoHSBOACTBO*, no MHtmro TypreneBa, «MoaerB 
cymecTBOBaTb b'b nojinofl nipt TorAa TOJibKO, KorAa ne SyAyrb cyAHib 
aao^no h KorAa 6yAyTi» y nacb an;BOKaTH». 

IlepexoAfl Ki» Bonpocy o rAacHocxH cyAonpoHSBOACTBa, Typre- 
Hes'B eanoMHHaerb cAOBa M-me Stael: « tout est mist^re en Russie, et 
€ependiint rien n'y est secret ». Oh'b onpoBepraex'b Bospaatenie npo- 
THBHiiKOB'b rjiacHOcxH cyA0np0H3B0AcrBa, ^xo npH axoM'b «cjia6Me 
cofijaasBBOXcfl, BJOHaMipenHbie naynaroxca pasjiHqHHM'b cnocoeaMi) 
npecTynAenla, pasAHqHHM'B yjiOBKaM'b onpaBAania* ***). Owb yKaabi- 



*) Bl> aXOMl OTA'bAt MU BCTptia6Ml> CCblARy Ba CTaTbK) HSB^CTHarO 

HtweitKaro ropHcxa Oeftep6axa B'b „PeftHCK0M'b MepKypiH**, raaex-fe, KOTopy© 
HflAaBaJd'b B'b 1814—16 rr. F^ppecb. 

**) B'b apHM'&HaHlH TypreHeB'b noACHaei'b: »dTO BbipasReeie: ,nonaA^ no&b 
t^6i",'He noKasbiBaex'b-AH, hto cBoflcTBo cy^a BaKOHHaro CMi^rnHBaexcfl y 

HaCl> tly CBOflCTBOM'b KaKOfi-TO mnaduu^ OKOAO KOTOpOfi XO^HTb MOaCHO, HO He 

Ha;io6HO TOAbKo uo^a;^aTbCJ^ bi nee?!** 

***) HaraeM'b Aope^opMeHHOM'b cyA* cm. I. B. FecceH'b „Cyfle6Haa 
pe$opMa'. Cn6. 1905 r.; KaAMUKOB'b .Cxapufl cyAb". (»PyccKaH Cxap.* 
\Bm r* T. 62, cxp. 511—544). 



O^EPKH U8^ HGTOPIH HAEtt ASKABPHCTOBl. 73 

BaeTB Ha to, tto h nyfijiH^HocTL HaRasaHifi MoserB Hwbrh TaKoe-Hce 
BpeAHoe BiuHie, h b'b noATBepsAeme CBoero MHtHiB ccujiaercji ea 
noKasaHie oahofo pyccKaro RpecTbflHBHa, qTO nepsaa Mucib o npe- 
cTynjieHifl poAHJiacb wb hbitb, Kor^a owb, ysHA'i^B'B uyCjiaqHoe HaKa- 
saHie npecxynHHsa, cnpocHJii 06% ero bhh^, — ^to huicrb cb vkwh 
AOKasuBaeTB omHCo^mocTb MRiHin vbxh lopBCTOBii, KOTopue rjaBHOK) 
njkihV) HaKasaHuat cqHTaiorb ycTpameme. UanpoTHBi, Ha neioBiKa, 
CMorpHii^aro ua yrojiOBHutt cyA'B «c'b sjoawl HaMtpeHieBn>»^ MoryrB 
npoHBBecTH cHJibHifimee Bne^arji'bHie «pa8Hue, ^acTo HenocTHSHiibie, 
qyAecHue, HHsaK^b He npeAycMoxptoHbie cjiyqan o6Hapy2EeHUi npe- 
crynjieHiji... h HS'b AyniH ero usrjis^HTb nepaufi aapoABinii nopoKa». 
EcjH TearpajibHbia upeAcxaBJieHui (dxo, no BupaseHiio TypreneBa, 
«ycjiOBHoe, HaTflHyToe noApasaHiesH8HH»)iforyrb 6j[aroTBopHOBJiiaTb 
Ha HpaBCTBeHHocTb iDAefi, TO MOSBTii-jiH HO HM^Tb xaRoro-SB A'^^^' 
CTBifl «Top3KecTBeHHoe, nodAUHHoe BpijBn^e, npeACTaBJunon^ee bso^ 
paM'b H Kjurb npHcyTCTByion^QX'b sjioAiHHie, b^ TaAnt n ci HaAe«- 
AOM) TaitHu coAtJiaHEoe, ho oTKpuToe h sapaeifoe hbho chjioeo paB- 

HUX'b AJUr BCtXb 8aK0H0Bl?» FjiaCHOCTb cyA0np0H8B0ACTBa BOdMOSHa 

h Taifb, FAt HtTb cyAa npncjisHbirb; oHa cosepmeHHO Hepasjiyua 
(Tb ycTHHM'b A^JionpoHdBOACTfiOM'L: «rjiaBHUifb ofiyBAaHieMi jiflB cyAbH, 
naBHUxii o6edneqeHieMi» a^ih noAcyAHMaro» npa btoitb tcjiysHrb 
npHcyrcTBie ny6j[HKH npH cyAoupoB8BOACTBi». 

FjiacHOCTb, no ciOBairb TypreHesa, BOuHoaRHa s^b rperb OTHome- 
HLflzi>: 1) B'b OTHomeHiH k^ Tflsyn^HMCfl h noAcyAHifUM'b, 2) bi o6Ha- 
poAOBaHifl nocpeACTBOM'b ne^aTH npoHBBOAcxBa h ptmeeifl A'i^a h 3) B'b 
npoHSBOACTBi A*Jia npH otrphthxt, ABepax-b *).— ^FjiacHOCTb nep- 
Baro poAa cocxoHT'b B'b toitb, qTo6H Bce npeAnpHHHMaeMoe cyAOM^, 
no npoHBBOAHnieMycfl B'b ohomi a^ji% He 6biJio CRpuBaeHo orb rbxii, 
AG Koro cie a'^jio KacaexcK, ttoCh THsyniiflCJi CTopoHu, m:o6u noA- 
cyAHMbift SHajiH Bce to, hto A^JiaeTca bx cyA* no hxt* A^Jiy, ^toSh 

BCe npOHSBOACTBO npOHCXOAHJIO B'b HTb npHCyTCTBiH». OXHOCHTeJIbHO 

neqaTania nponaBOAcxBa h p'hnieHia j^ijrh TypreneB^ sautiaerb, nxo, 
HacROJibKO eMy hsb'^ctho, aio ne sanpeuieno HaniHMH 3aK0HaMH, «eo 
TER'b RaR'b MU npHHHjn, RaiKeTCii, npaBHJOM'b, qio ece mo aanpe- 
ineno, Htno uMenno ne noaeoAeno^ to h ajh npasa neqaTania npo- 
ueccoB'b HyaHo y nac^ oco6oe A03B0jieHie **). liojibsa orb orjiameHia 
npoi^eccoB-b B'b ne'iaTH o^eBHAHa: «CyAbH ct fiojibineBO BHBMaTejb- 
HocTbH) pa8cuaTpHBajin-6iii h p'fama.iH njb^'d, uwb BB'tpaeMbiHy 8Haa^ 
qTo ny6jiHRa M0«erb h naA'b hhmh npoH3HecTH npHroBopT> ocHOBa- 
TejbHbifi H cnpaBeAJiiiBufi. MHorie jioau npH AypHOM^ ji^txb 6ojiTCfl 
He caMoro A'&ia, ho cTUAa, cb hhmi> conp^HceHHaro. Taflna cefi ctm^'b 



*) Cp. <I>oftHHixKifi. .KypcB yrojioBHaro cyAonpoHSBOACTBa*, t. I, 
H3A. 2, Cu6. 1896 r., cxp. 102—103. 

•*) UeH3ypa paap^niaJia y Haci» xorAa nenaiaTb oTieTu tojibko cy- 
AedHuxi* A^axi>, p-bmeHHux'b bi> LlapcTB']^ nojibCKOMi. 



74 B. G E If E B G R I ft. 

cKpHBaerB. FjiacHOCTb Moaert npHTOHHTb ero:^. HMena cyAefi AoaaHH 
6uTb o6HapoAOBaHH. Bee 8T0--9JieMeHTapHUfl hcthhu b'b HacTOflmee 
BpeMfl, HO TOFAa B'B RETh 6ujL0 MHOFO Hosaro; BnpoqeiTB, A^^e eme 
He^aBHO GRpHBajiHCL HMena ^jibhob'b BoeHHO-nojieBHX'B cjjiflwb*). 

?T0 Kacaeicfl oacHocTH Bt cmhcji4 npoH8BOfl;cTBa At&i> npH 
oTKpHTBm ABepaxi, to TypreHeB-B yKaaiiBaerB Ha to, hto ona 
«HHeHH0 npexnHCUBaeTGH> b'b nameirB soeHHOifB oyAonpoHSBOj^cTBi: 
•saKOHi noBeJiiBaerB hpohbboottb cyfl;^ npn pacTBopeHHHyB Ase- 
pflxi* H jonycKaTB k-b OHOMy epHTejiefi, Kor^a nirB oco6aro na to boc- 
npen^eHia*. Oh'b yTBep»AaerB, hto TaM'B, rjijb drovb saBOH'B hchoji- 
HHJicH, KaR'B^ HanpHM'ikp'B, B'B Kopnyct rp. BopoHiiOBa bo BpeMfl npeCu- 
Banifl BO $paHi^iH, «rjiacHOCTB fitura BecBMa noJieWa*. — EIpHro- 
BopH nfijLXBU. BcerAa o6'B)iBjiHTBCfl ny6jiHqH0, ho coB'ikniaHiH cyAefi h 
npnoflaBHUXi ne aoihchli 6utb rjiacHUMH. ^ijia, «MoryniiH npoHS- 
secTH coCjiasffB* **), He aojishh pascMaTpHBaTBca nyfijiH^HO, o qoMt 
cyAbH ofi'BHBjiHio'rB npeA'B na^ajiOM'B ji/kjia.. «Ota1jibhoctb cyAe6Hot 
HacTH OT'B npaBHTejn>CTBeHHOfl», no cjioBaM'B TypreneBa, «cocTOHrB 

B'B OTOTpaneHIH BCHKarO BJliHHiH ^HHOBHHKOFB HGHOJIHHTeJIBHUX'B He 

TOJiBRO Ha oyAonpoBSBOACTBO. HO Aaace h na caMoe GJii^ACTBie, ROTopoe, 

XOTH H MOXeT'B HHOFAa HpOHdBOAHMO 6UTB ^HHOBHHRaMH HGHOJlHHTeJIB- 
HOfi HJIH HOJIHUiefiCROfi ^aCTH, HO HO HHa^e, RaR-B HO TO^HHilTb Upe^- 
HHCaHijiM'B H HOA^ HCRJIIO^HTeJIBHBIM'B HaASOpOlTB CyAa. 

«He3aBHCHM0CTB BJiaCTH CyAHOfl COCTOHTB B'B 6e30TBiTCTBeHH0CTH 
OHOfi H B'B GeBOpeROCJIOBHOM'B HCHOJEHeHlH npHFOBOpOB'B, HpOHSHOCH- 
MBIX'B OH) no HSB'bOTHBIM'B npaBIIJiaM'B H o6fa]5,s,u%, 6e8'B BCfiRaro 
yqaCTiH BJiaCTH npaBHTeJIBCTBeHH0fl».^T06u CAtjaTB A*fiCTBHTeJIBHOH) 

8Ty nesaBHCHMOCTB, B'B niROTopBix'B rocyAapcTBax'B ycTanoBJieHa ne- 
cMinfleMocTB cyAefi ***). 

«no cBHA^TejiBCTBy HCTopiH, HepBHO, HOCTOHHHHe ycn^bxH rpa- 
sAa>HCTBeHHOCTH 0Ra3UBaj[HCB MeacAy HapoAaMH ne npesAe, RaR'B RorAa 
cyAHaa ^aci^ fiHJia cosepmeHHo OTAtJiena otb npanHTeJiBCTBeHHofi. 
Cie 0TA*JieHie cctb RopenB npaBOcyAia* ****). ^ 



1 



*) Bi> UHTHpoBaHHOM'B yac oTpHBK* TypreHeBB roBopHTB: „rJiacH0CTB 
COCTOHTB BB TOMB, HTo6w BCJiKifi MOHB neHaxaTB HaB^i^CTia CBoeMt npo- 
uecc*, OTBtTCTBya, BnponeMB, npe;iB saKOHOMB aa HenpaBHJibHocTB hjih ae- 
npHCT0flH0Cii> CBOHXB noKajjaHifl*. TypreHCBCKift ApxHBB, >6 739. 

♦•) Hjih, KaKB oht> BHpaxaeTCJi bb ynoMaHyTOM-B otpmbk*, .Koiopwa 
KacaioTCH ;io nocTBiAnaro HapymeniH npsBOBB u kotopblh, no caMofi Henpn- 

CTOflHOCTH CBOefl, Tpe6y]OTB H*K0T0p0fl TaflHBl"; 

***) B'B i^THpoBaHHOM'B y«e BHine OTpuBK'b TypreneBB roBopHTB: ^Aa6bi 
AOCTaBBTb cy^BAMB HesaBHCHMocTB, npaBHTejibCTBo HO ;^oji«Ho Hifi^Tb npasa 
no co6cTBeHHOMy CBoeny npoHSBOJiy orp^maTb uxrb otb 3aHRMaeMoft ;ioji»- 
BOOTH. IIpafiHTejiBCTBo jiojisRBo TOJLBKO BM'bTB HeycBinHoe E9i6av)ff,eme sa no- 
BeA6Hieici> H nocTynKaMH cy^efl, oco6eHHo nocpoACTBOMB y<ipe»;ieHifl npo- 
KypopoBi, H B'B cjiyiaib no^odp'J^Hiii npe;(aBaTB A'^ftcTBia hxb pascMOTptHiio 
npHcyTCTseHHUXB MtcTB, aaKOHOM'B AJifl cero yipeacAeHHUxi)'... IIo imi^HiK) 
TypreneBa, .HeaaBHCHMOCTH cyj^efl BecbMa cnocn-femecTByeiB TaicHe 6e8B03- 
MesflHoe... cyj^onpoHBBOACTBo*. 

*•••) B'B BumeynoMaHyTOMB OTpHBK'fe TypreneB-B p-fernHxejibHO BUCKaBU- 
BaercH npoTHB'B ^TpesBBi^aflHUXB cy;iOB'B: .npaBHTejiBCTBO He aoji»ho HMi^TB 



O^EPKH H8'B HCTOPIH EfljA ABKABPHCTOBl. 7& 

Hame sasoHoj^aTejiBGTBO OT^tJiHeri) ^acTB cyAHjK) orB npaBHTejib- 
cTBeHHofiy HO, BMicrb CT> Tbwb, OHO citbniHBaerB nrB, HpeAOCTaBJUH 
criACTBie ^HHOBHHsaM'E BaacTH Hcnoj[HHTej[bHoM, o6fl8UBaH rySepna- 
Topa nepecMaTpHBaTb pimeHiH yrojiOBHoS Hajiaiu h Aonycsaa pa8<- 
CMorpiHie cyAe6HBixi» ]i,ijn> bi oSn^eifB co6paHiH GenaTa, r^i npa- 
cyrcTByDTii h uohu, onpe^tjuieMue au ornpaBieHui HcnoiHHreJBHoS 
BiacTH. HiROTopue HHOcTpaHHue HHcaTeJEH, no cjiosaiTb TypreHOBa, 
isaujEH ycTpoficTBO Hamero CeHaia, nojiaraji, ^to npexocTaBjienie 
OKOH^arejiBHaro pimeHiH yrojioBHuxi» a^jtb *) «He HcunqHTOJibHo 
^HHOBHHKaiTB cyj^ofi ^acTH cnoco6cTByeTB MHJiocepAiK) wb npHroBo- 
parB. IIpHBmKa, KaKi BOo6ni6 saifbqeHO, sbz^vb ofiuRHOBeHHHrB 
cyAefi, AOJiroBpoMeHHO saHHuann^HZCH OTHpaBJienieirB yrojOBHaro 
iipaBocyAiH, h^ckojibbo secTOKHMH, no Kpa&Hefi Mtp'b paBHOAymHuiiH 
E!h yqacTH noAcyAHMHTB. HanpoTHBib, jeidah, ho HMiDn^ie Henpeu'bH- 
HuifB BaHjmeifB pascHOTpteiH js^i, yroJioBHuxii h ocysAenifl bh- 
HOBHBix^, 6yAyHH npHSBanu js,Jisi npousHecoHiH npuroBopoBi, cTa- 

paDTCH CMHT^HTB OHBIO CKOJIBKO B08M0»H0». OAHaKO, OTHOCHTOJIBHO 

HUHiniHHrB cociOBHBix'B npeACTaBHTejieS Wb npHcyrcTBiHZ'B cyAe6- 
HUTB naj[aTB no A^JiairB noiHTH^ecRHM'B o TaKHrB CTapaHiJix'B cicar- 
1IHTB yqacTB noAcyAHiiBixB rto-to ho cjiBimHO. K'b Tasoiiy-se BUBOAy 
npExoABTB caH'B TypreHeB% OTHocHTeiBHO GenaTa. «npH3HaK)CB», 
roBopBTB 6ni», <w£o s He BHsy Ha caMOirB A'bjii oco6eHHaro mhjio- 
cepAifl B^B npHFOBoparB ceHaTCKHX'B», Aa OABa-jiu ho2sho h oacHAaTB 
ero, «h6o, cyAH A'i^a ho tojibro b'b $opMax%, ho h bi cauoiTB cy- 
mecTBi, OH'B cyAHT^ OAHaEO-ase sao^Ho; a sao^nocTB cyAa h iihjio- 
cepAie npnroBopa HecoBnicTHH oaho cb ApyruMx*. 

«OGo6eHHO BpeAHO», npoAOJisaerB Typ^eHeB^, «cMlnieHie BjiacTeit 
cyAHofi H HcnoJiHHTeiBHOll npH cjifbdemeiuTk^ KOTopoe npoHBBOAHJiocB 
y HacB no A'bJiaM'B yrojiOBHBiirB ^JieHaiiH BOMCKaro cyAa h oco6eHHO 
KanHTaH'B-HcnpaBHHKOH'B; HHorAa A^tse cnpocTofi cojAarB hjih yn- 
Tep%-o$Hi^ep'B BHyrpeHHefi CTpaasH HcnojiHHerB cuo BasHys) oSnaaH- 
hoctb» **). 

TypreHeBi npoAJiaraerB cocTaBJieme cjrbACTBeHHaro ycraBa, ocbo- 
Bannaro na cncTeMi yjiH^emfl, Aonyniemfl cBsn^eHBH^ecKaro yninia- 
Hifl jHmB OTHocHTejiBHO cBHA^Tejiefi npeAi* npHHecenieM'B hmh npn- 

CHIH. B'b HOBOM'B CjAaCTBOHHOITB yCTaB^ BaSHOe M^CTO AOJISeH'B 

saHHTB noBajiBHBift o6bicki; TorAa name ciiACTBie <He qysAO 6yAerB 
Sjiaroji^HiflirB 6oAbmo%o cyAa npHCflaRHKix'B». TasTi kb,kt> a canoe 



opasa y^pexAaTb HpesBUHafiHux'B cyAe6Hux'L ROMHCcift. Kasjiuft rpa»;ia- 

HBB'B B BO BCaSOirb CJIJH9A AOJISeHOb 6UJ[% nOACyAOB'b TOJIbKO 06l)IKHOBeH- 

HiuTB M^teraiTb eyxe^HUMi'. 

*) GyAi> cenaTa ae CuJi'b OKOHHaTejibBUM'B; ecjiH fff^o He ptmajiocb 
onpeA'i^eBHiiiifB dojibinHBCTBOM'b B'b o6in,ewb oo6paHiH ceHara, oho nocry- 
najio vb FocyAS^CTBeHHUfl GoB'bT'B-'CHa'iajia bi> coeAHHeHHue AenapTaMOHTU,^ 
a sartiTb Aase b vb 06mee Co6paHie. F e c c e h i*, 8. 

**) CpaB. MOD eraTbia b*b ,Pyc. BoraTCTBt" 1907 r. >fe 6, crp. 146 — 147. 



76 B. G £ M £ U K I ft. 

npeAaHie cy^y ^ojiacHo npoiicxoAHTB no cyAe6H0My npHroBopy, to Typ- 
refieBT* c^HTaexx HaH6ojit>e y;^o6HHM'I>yqpeAHTb <cjitACTBeHHHe cy;pj», 
KOTopue AOJUBHjj nocTaHOBjLHTb p^^DieHie npe^aHiH ooBHHfleHaro 
ojjij HJiH upeKpameniH ^^tjia. <Bct apecxaHTH BOo6me jhojdkhh noj^- 
Jieataxb BtA^Hi© BJiacTH cy;^H0ft». TypreHeB-B yTBepK;i.aerB, 6yjiTo-6M 

CHtKOTOpafl HesaBHCHMOCTB BJiaCTH Cy^HOfi COBCbMT) He npoTHBHa 

cBoftcTBy npaBjieHiH caMo;^epaaBHa^o»; no ero MH*HiK), ona J^a»e ho- 
ooxoAHMie B^ caMo;iep3KaBHofi Monapxia. Ji,isi o6e8ne4eHiii cyAeft- 
CKaro cocjioBia owb cqnTaerB HeofixoAHMUM-B ycxanoBJieHie h lO^Hoe 
co6jiH);i;efile npasHJia, qxo «HHRaKofi cyABA ne mosotb 6&iTb jiHmeH'k 
H'hcTa H BBania cBoero eesx oco6eHHaro, na saKOHHOM'B ocHOBaniii 
j^aHHaro npHroBopa*. 

OTHocHxejibHO cjya6u no BuOopaMii b^ cy^ax-B rpaacAancKHXT* h 
yrojiOBHux'B oh-b ^peJ^JIa^aex^» ycxanoBEXB ofiaaaHHocxB cjrya6Bi no 

BHGopaMX jpfl BCiXB ABOpflH'B 663^ HCKJUO^eHifl, HO SaXO COKpaXHXb 

cpoK-B cj[ya6Bi: bii4cto TpexT> Jiirb nasHa^nxB xpn hjih lexHpe ne- 
^tjH, a cecciH cy^oBi) cii,ijiaxB ne HenpepuBHBiMu, a BpeMeHHUifH, 
no cpoKaMi). Sacb^axejiH aoji3khbi BH6HpaxbCfl no cocjiOBiaM'B; nHCJio 
HX-B B-B HHanefi h cpe^Hefi HHCxaHHiiiix'B hjih, no Kpaflneft Mip*, b^b 
oiiHofl cpcAHeft, OH'B npewaraexTi yBOJinqHXB ao 8—42 h HasHa^axb 
TpottHofi KOMHJieKXT) ETh CB npeAOcxaBJieHieiTB noAcyAHMOMy b^ a*- 
jiax'B yrojiOBHBix^ npasa oxbccth xpexB hxt*. MoacHO npeAOcxaBHXB 
aactAaxejiflM'B ptmaxB BonpocB o $aKx4 (la question da fait) oesi 
y«iacTia cyAefl hjih AaxB hmt* oAHHaKOBHfl npaBa cb cyABHMH. B'b 
nepaoM^ cjiyqat npHMinenie aaKona (la question du droit) aoji»ho 
Curb npeAocxaBJieno cyABflM-B. 3ac4AaxejiaM'B mo»ho AaxB yqacxie b^ 
BaBiAUBaHiH xiopbMaHH bo BpeMfl cpoRa ceccift noAoGno xoMy, RaK'B 
TSKoe ace npaBo npeAOCxaBJiflexcji «o6BHHHK)niHMib npHCH«HBiMT»> b'b 
AnrjiiH; xohho xassce sasAHft cyABfl AOJixeH'B HBiibxB b'b CBoeM'B Bt- 
AiHiH xixT) noAcyAHMBix'B, Koxopbie coAep»axca fb xiopBMax^ no 
;itj]aMi>, pa3CMaxpHBaeMUMi> b'b axoM'B cyA'b. BBeAOHie b'b cyABi ho- 
BhirB saciAaxejeti no npeAJoaeHHofi hm'b CHCxeM'b no8HaKOMHxi>, no 
ero M^HiK), Bct cocjiOBis CB saKOHaMH H CO cnoco6aMH hx'b npH- 
MtoeniH. 

HaKOHen;T», TypreneB'B o6pan;aeTB BHHManie na ro, hxo y nacB 
HirB aABOKaxoB-B, KoiopHO cymecxByioxx xojibko b'b H-hMeniKHxi h, 
onacxH, B'B nojBCKHX'B npoBHHi^iaxii PocciH. EcxB cxpanqie, ho ohh 
ynoTpe6jiflH)xca xojibko no A'hJiaM'B rpaaAancKHM'B. «no A'bJaM'B yro- 
jioBHBiM'B noAcyAHMHe He HMtK)XT» y nacB o(p(puVfiajibHux^ 3antHXHH- 
EOBi.... Xopomee saKonoAaxejiBcxBO xpefiyexx, hxoSbi Bcaitifi noAcyAH- 
stHfi HenpcM'fcHHO HM'bji'B aABOKaxa>, h, ecjiH ero H-ix-B, xo can-B cyAT* 
aaanaqaexT) BamnxHHKa *). TypreneB'B nojiaraji'B, hxo cocjiOBie aABO- 
RaT<3B'B A0J2KH0 nojiB30BaxBCfl caMoynpaBjemeM-B, h hxo npieny m> 



*) TypreneB'B cjiuraajit, hto hi* komhccIh 3aK0H0BT> yace uujn> bt* 3to 
BpeMJi cociaBJieH'B npoeKn* q6i> ycTpoflCTB'b cocjioBifl a;iBOKaTOB'B. 



OHKPKH mT> HCTOPIH H^bS il^llABPHCTUBl. 77 

Hero AO<isHo npeAmecTBOBaxb co6paBie catAtHiii o sejiaBon^Hxi enb 
Hero BciyiiflTb. 

«CocjiOBie aABoaaTOBi mohc6ti> 6uTb pascaKHHKOini ji^a. cociOBifl 
cyAea» *)• 

yaoMHHyB'B vb cBoeft KHHrt «La Ruesie et les RQSses», o TOM'S, 
iTo sanHCEa o cyA^b ixpHCJiHCHBirB HMlna cBflSb cb TpyAOM'B 06% yro- 
20BHOirB cyAonpoHSBOACTB'b, H. TypreflOBi tobophtb, rto hh to, hh 
flpyroe ero npoHSBeAenie ne IIpH^o;^HJIOCb hh kt* qoMy (II, 242). Ero 
6parB, BnpoqeMi, npei^BHAtjn> dTo: eme Ror^a H. H. BaHHMajicA co- 
ciaBJieHieMi. npoeKTa cyA* npHcaaHurB, A. H. TypreHeBi hh- 
caai KH. BaseMCKOMy (15 oKTafipa 1820 r.): «Ho ^ro eny 6yRen> 
^B,Th Cb EEWb, ecjH AHHHCiuft nama ne noxpeSyerb otl Hero npo- 
empa yroiOBHaro cyAonpoH8BOACTBa?» **). 

lisTh i^HTHpoBaHHaro Bume OTpuBRa oTMiTHBfL emfi Mucjib H. Typ- 
reneBa coBepuieHHOM'b oT^iJieHiH soeHHbiTb cyAosi orb rpaxAaH- 
cKHx-b H noAcyAHOCTH nepBuiTb BoeHHHX'b TOJibKo 8a npecTynae- 
Hia H npocxynKH no cjiyacfit ***); Hcoroqenie hbi dtofo npasHJia 
oHb AonycEaji-b TOJbKO bo Bpeiia boShbi hjih noxo^a. 

Ho cjoBaM-b TypreHena, H. C. Mopabkhob-b ocTaacfl o^enb aobo- 
jteH-b ero TpyAOMT*; bto bhaho h hb'b toto, ^to coxpaHHJiocb co6cTBeH- 
Hopyqno cAtjiasHoe 9thmi> HSB'ibcTHbiM'b rocyAapcTBeHHEiu'b A'bareJieM'b 
HSBjeqeHie hb'b HSJioaeHHO* pafioTH TyprenoBa ****). CnepaBCiiift 
TaKKe npo^eji-K ero sanncKy, ho aBTopy ocTajocb HeHSBtcTHHirb ero 
MHinie Hefi. TypreneB'b obiacHHJi'b bto ^nojEHbiifb paBHOAynrien^ 
CnepaHCKaro fb bto Bpewa ko BceMy, qTO Hirtio njiiBK) o6mecTBeH- 
Hoe 6jiare> *****). 

B'B HSJKOseHHOMi HaMH coHHHeHiH TyproHeBa, Kas'b noKasBiBaerb 
n caMoe ero sarjiaBie («Mbicj[uo H'bKOiopbix'b HcnpaBjieHiflX'b poccifl- 
Gsaro cyAonpoH3BOACTBa, bobmoxhlixi ^aace h B'B TenepeniHeicb co- 
ctohhIh OHaro>), ohi. ne bboahj'b B'B cymecTBOBaBiniS Tor^a cxpoS 
cyAe6HUX'B ynpesAeHifi laKHXTi p'faaIHTe.lbHLIx^ uBMiHemfi, saKiH 
npeA^araJi'b HuRHTaMypaBbeBi>,KaK'b bhaho hbi HSJiOHceHia npoeRxaero 
EOHCTHTyi;iH, cn'bjiaHHaro hmi> jpa CiiACTBeHHoS KommhccIh Tafl- 
HOM'b OSmecTB*. r^t Bi ocHOBy GBoero MaHa cy^eCHHX'b y^peacAemft 
MypaBbeB^ nojiosHJi ynpe^RAenie b% isbx^owl fbBjKi coB-ibcTHaro 



*) TypreneBCKifl ApxHsi* >6 1132. Bi stom-b Tpy;^•fe TypreHOBt noAsp*- 
ujisL&rh H'i^KOTOpuA npe^AoseHlH (o(5i» ycTHOCTH h rjiacHOCTH cyAonpoH8Bo;^CTBa, 
npaBi^ noAcjAHMaro Hif&Tb BaiKHTHHKa h npoH.) ccujikok) Ha nam^ boohho- 
noaeeofi 3aR0Hi> (06pa30BaHie BoeHHo-cyAHOfi nacTR 1612 r.). Stk cpaBHH- 
TeabHafl JiB6epaj[BH0CTb BoeHHO-cyAe(5Haro npoH3BOACTBa 06'bHcnaeTCK Ti^Mii, 
HTo aroTL saKOH'b 6hijrb nepeA'bjiROK) ci> j^paHi^yscKaro. 
••) ^OcTa^beBCKift ApxHsx* II, 89. 

***) 9to 6hiao np^MO ycTaHOBJieHOBo OpaHiuH, noAi) BJiifluieM'L BeH^caMena 
KoHCTana, bi» HSAaHHOM'b bo speiiJi Cxa ^Hefi J]^o6aBO<xuou'B Akt^, 22 AnptJiH 
1816 r. Tripier. Les Constutions de la France, P. 1848. p. 256. 

**•♦) .ApxaBi) rpa$OBT> Mop;^BHHOBUX•b* VI, 299—812. 
*•*•*) La Rusaie et les Russes II, 225. 



78 B. C B M £ B C K I fl. 

€y;ibir, H36HpaeMaro «o6HKHOBeHHHMH H86HpaTejiaMH> *). IlecTejib b'b 
•SanacK* o rocyAapcTBeHHOM'B npaBJieHiH>, cocraBJieHHOfi panie ero 
«PyccKo£ npaBj^», pimHTeJDLBHO BUCRasuBaexca sa Heo6xoAHMorTb 
BBeABHix cy^a npHCBSH&ixi h rJiacHOCTH cyAonpoHSBOACTBa, ho bim 
T0-3Ke BpeMJi sejiaei-B coxpasHTb nHCbMeHHOCTb cyAe6Haro nponB- 
BOi^cTBO H He AonycKaerB npoHSHeceHia Bt cyA* ptnefl **). 

B'B 1823 r. TypreHeB'B cxaji'B nHcaib coiRHenie hoat* Ha-SBameMi, 
^YrojioBHoe YjEOiseHie^. Sa'^cb owb TaRse p'bmHTeiBHO npoTecTOBaiii> 
opornB'b nuTRH, o Roxopofi ^Bii HUHtniHiH BpeMena j^ase h roBopnib 
Hejib3fl*, H npoxKBi npHCxpacxnaro Aonpoca ***). 

Eoie B'B 1816 r. TypreneBTb b-b cBoeM'b AHeBHHK* BbipaaHJi'B MHt- 
HJe Heo6xoAHMOcxH yHHqxoiReHlfl RHyxa; npaB^a, oh'b AonycRa.TB 
Torj^a BJieflMeHie npecxynHHROB-B, ho, o^eeHAHO, jiHnib noxoMy, mo 
He c^Hxaji'B BOSMosHuiTB HeifeAJteHHOo ocymiecxBJieHie 601^6 rynaH- 
Rux^h Tf e6oBaHifiy xaR'B RaRi xyx%-se owb BucRasbiBaexi mulcjcb, qxo 
«Boo6n;e HaRasaHla aojsrhu 6uTb bo Bcix^ GJiyqaflxi» crojib bos- 
HctjsHo MOHie cxporH». Ohb AJMaji'b xor^a, ^xo hojihiUh ho AOJnKHa 
HidliTb npana hpohsboahxb xtjiecHHa HaRaaaHia ****). B'b co^HHeHiii 
<tyroioBHoe yjoaenie* (1823 r.) HeoROHieHHOiTB TypreHeBBiM-B, OHi. 
roBopnrb, qxo xijecHbia HaRadama aojishbi 6uxb HasHa^aeMbi ne no 
ycHoipiHiH) crpasAaHCRHX'B hjih nojiHi^efiCRHX7B» jihi^ h y^pesAenitf, 
a pasB'l xojiBRO sa BasHbiH npecxynjieHifl no npHxoBopaM'B yrojiOBHUx-L 
cjAOB-B- xijiecHbia-se HaRasanls ^b'b npocxoMi rpaMMaxHqecROM'B, a 
He B'B uaROHHOiTB CMucji'b*, X. 6., o^OBHAHO, poBXH, Hoxyxi* 6bixb Ha- 
3Ba^a^MEi XOJIBRO ssojiflwby He AOcxHTmHiTB coBepmeHHOfbxifl. 

Ho Bonpocy o xiopBMaxB TypreHeB'B b'b coqHHeniH <yroiOBHoe 
yjomeHie» roBopHxi», qxo <coeAHHeHie ci aaAepsaHieirB RaROfi-iBfio 




*) njiaH'b cyAe<5Hoft pe^opMU H. MypasbeBa cm. bi» ifoefl cxaTb'b n-b 
aeypHsui* •Bujioe'' 1906 r., >6 2, crp. 108—113. Mh bha'^jih, BBpoieM-B, iro 
eme BT^ 1816—17 rr. TypreeeBB bqjijuubhjkm HaAt BonpocoMX o BBe;;eBiH 
y Hacb uHpoBBix'B cyAefi. 

*•; Ch. mod CTaTBD B'B »ypHaji* ^Bfcuioe" 1906 r., >fe 3, crp. 191—192. 
***) ,OrB ntiTKH, KOTopan ynoTpe6jwjiacB ne npea^e, KaKB KorAa bhhob- 

BOCTh 5bIJia Bi^pOHTHa, H'bKOTOpue RpHMHHaJIHCXU OTJIHiaiOTB npHHHHeHie 

o^BHBJieMOMy T^JiecHofi 60JIH B'B cjiynai^, ecjiH oh'b OKasbiBaoT'B HenoRopHOCT&^ 
DpoTHBop*iHTB caM^B ce6t, jiaeTB. OTBepraa nepByi), ohh AonycKaDrB do- 
Qji'lji^uee. Cie paBJiHHie HeocHOBaTejiBHo, HecnpaBOAAHBO. Bchkob npH^HHeHi« 
6o;m ecTb HaKasaHie. 06BHHfleMaro, eujfi HeocyscAeHHaro, HaKaauBaxB HejiB3£. 
HaKaaaBid aoji»ho cai&AOBaTB aa noJiHUM'B j^oKaaaTejibCTBOM'B. Ecjih o(5bii* 
BJieuufl (5yAeT'B yjiHHen'B bo jikh hjih bb jcaKOMB-JiH6o jipyroM'B npecxynjn*- 
HiB^ TO OHB ;(OJi«eHB 611ITB sa cie HaKaaanB ne HHaie, KaKB no CHJi'b h na 
ocBoaaBiH saKOHOBB*. .YrojioBHoe yjioaenie", ra. I .Teopia yroJiOBHaro cy^o- 
npoHBBo^tCTBa*. BBeAOHie. TypreneBCKift ApxHBB, JS6 1131. 
****) Bi* CBoeMB co4HHeHiH ^OnbiTB TeopiH HajioroBB* (1819 r. e^js,, 2, 
erp. 207), ROTOpoe oh'b e^^e bb pyKonncH, bb 1812 r. Dpe^cTaBJiajTB mh- 
HHCTpy #HHaHCOBB, TypreHOBB RaxeropHHecKH BUCRasajiB, hto ^TfeJiecHya 
HaicadaiiiH HHRor;^a ne aojixchbi 6hnh ynoTpe^JifleMBi* npH BsucRaHlH HaJio- 
roBB Ch HOHcnpaBHUXB njiarejiBUiiiKOBB. 



O^BPKH U81» HCTOPIH HABM ABKABPHCTOfi^. 79 

<;TporocTH, H6 HysHolt AJfl npeAjnpesAeHiji 6ircTBa, He noasoiiuTejiBHa*); 
ae cjAjij^Tb Taiuse coAep»aTb b'l oahoA xnpbMib o6BHHjieMiiirB cb 
ocy«AeHHHMH **). 

H. TypreHeB'b, H. MypaBseB'L h necTeib noApo6Hie Apyrnx'b Ae- 
KafipflCTOB'B BBicKasajiHCb no Bonpocy o pe^opiib cyAonpoHSBOACTBa, 
flo H HlKOTopue Apyrie HJieHU Tafiearo 06mecTBa c^HTajin ee co- 
BepmoHfio HeoOxoAHMOK) ***) h A'i^JisiJiH OTHocuTejniHO HBfl it ujifl Apyrifl 
npeAioseHia. Bib «KpaTKOM'B onBrrb>, cocTaBJOHHOirL rp. M. A. 

^MHTpieBUM'B-MaHOHTOBEIM'b Vh TO BpeUS, ftOFAa, BMtcrb CB M. 6. 

OpiOBUMi, OHi> npeAnojaraj'B ocHOBaTB 06mecTB0 Pyccanx'B Pui^a- 
pefi, cKasaHo: «jury, hah cyAi npncjiSHiiiX'L BMibcTO aaABopniiixi, 
yidAHBUTL H cofi^bcTHuxi cyAOBi. Cours de cassation. IlpHCjisHult 
TpereficKifl cyAi*, BMtcTo yrojioBHBix'B h rpaawaHCKHXi najiarL. Bot% 
cyAHaa cHCTeMa> ****). wlyHHH^ wb CBOeMi «B8rjuiA'i^ Ha TafiHoe 06- 
mecTBO» roBopHTb, vro oho crapajiocb AOKasaib <BasH0CTB cyAa 
npHCJUBHbiTB wb rpaa^aHCKHX'B h yroioBHUX7> Hcsax'B h ero BHy- 
TpeHHK)K) cBjisB CL rpasAaHcsofi CBo6oAoft». 06niecTB0 seiaiOy ^to6u 
cyAonpoHSBOACTBO oLao «ycTHoe, OTitpHToe **♦**) h AapoBoe*. SaBajiH- 



*) Owh 7Ka8iiiBaeTi> Ha to, hto TaKaa CTporocTb sairbHflerb HHorAa 
nuTKy. »Bo OpaHuiH BomJio bi* o6uKH0B6Bie casaTb o6BHHJieHUxx vb ceo- 
6hUL TafiHUfl uiCTa (an secret), bt» KOTopuxi cIh HeciacTHWi seprBU cy^eft- 
CKaro ]ipoH8BOAa noABepxeHU 6uBaK)'rb BcbMi BcaMoaKHbiMl GeanoKOflcTBaicb, 
4ase MyneHifliTb: ohh AumaTi sapaaKeHHUMi* BoaAyxoM'B, i^'bJiiiie ahh npo- 
BOAflTb 6e8i> namH, He BH^^arb ;tHeBHoro CB-bxa, ho HHorjoia apxift 4»0Hapb, 
BanpaBJieHHuft npaMu Bib raasa, npHHysxAaen AopsKan* hxi coMKHyruMH. 
Bee cie aah BUHys^eHia npHBHaHia*. TypreaeBCKift ApxHBX, >t 1131. 

**) Brb 1812 r. TypreaeBii aanecb Bi* CBOfl ;^HeBHHK'b cJi'bAynniee npe^- 
jioxeHie aah ozpaBbi aaKanneHHUXb b^ TApbHaxi* oTh aaoynorpetfjieBifl 
nojiHipB: .HaTaa K)Ma*', roBupRrb ohti, .npamaia MH'b mucjix» o ROHHTerl^, 
KOTopufi Moserb 6uTb yHpe»;teHi> npa MHHHcrepcTB'b ooAHi^iH**. On'b 
.6yAen HaucKHBaTb HeBHHHO cTpaxAyn^HXX bi TiopbMaxx h t. n., 6yjifiTb 
paacMaTpHBaTb pasAHHHua noAHi^eftcida pbrnenia h npHroBopu.— CAyxaa;ie 
rjTh ae aojukhu uojiy^aTb HHicaicoro acaoioBaHba, hh hbhobi^ hh RpecTosi, 
a BCHKifl Aojuceui* anaTb, hto ohh cjiysaTi* ^eai* itaji'bftmHZ'b Buro;rb*. Typ- 
reneBCKifl ApxHB-b, Ji 207, a. 118 o6. 

***) 6. H. FjiHHKa BM-bBHA'b ce6'& bi o^aaaHHOCTb .aicejtaTb OTKpUTUX'b 
•cyAOBT... .Pyc. Crap.*, 1904 r. >fe 8, crp. 612. B. 11. 3y6KOBi, CansKifl Cb 

Hi^ROTOpiIMR Hail AOKaCpHCTOB'b H DpEBJieKaBiniflCH Kb CJI'bACTBiK) no UTb 

js:bJiy, Bepayjica bi* 1821 r. nai* Ilapujica, r^'b ohi oaaaKOMBJiCH cb cy^OMii 
npHcasHUx-b, ^npejibiiieHHbifl 4paHiiyacKHMi> cyAonpoMaBOACTBOMi>". nocji'b 
aToro 0Hi> lacTo roBopHJTb cb HJieHOMi Taftflaro 06ii(ecTBa KamKHHUMb o6'h 
.yjiy^meHiH Bb cy^onpoHaBOACTB-b, 061 MBORaTaxi h npHCflSHUxik * . ^3a- 
UHCKH B. XL 3y6KOBa. Ci* npoAHCJi. r npHM'b'i. B. JI. MoAaaneBCKaro*. Cn(5. 
1906, crp. 4, 47—49. 

*•••) B opoaAHHb. .Ha-b nnceMb h noKaaaHifl ^eKadpHCTOB'b**. Ca6. 
1906 r., crp. 148. 

♦♦*♦*) xejianiH BBecTH rjiacHoe cyflonpouaBOACTBO CBHA^fejibCTByeTb h 
AaeKcaHAP'b Mhx. MypaBbeei bt* ero BOcnoMHHaHiax'b no^b aarjiaBiem* 
Mon Journal. S c h i e m a n n. Die Ermordung Pauls I und die ffhronbestei- 
gung Nikolaus I, S. 165. 



80^ B. C £ M £ B C K I ft. 

mEEiy xaaate roBopicTL, qio 06mecTB0 aejiajio ^BBe^eHiH. HOBaro cy- 
;ionpoH3BOACTBa (tb npHCfl»HHMH> (I, 323). Bt* nepe^Hi npeAQOJa- 
raeMMTb pe(t)opM^, HaftAeHHOM'B b-b 6yMaraxi C. Tpy6eitKoro, 6Hjyj 
ynoBiflnvTBt, sas^'B h b-b KOHCTHxyiuH H. MypasbeBa: rjiacHOcxb cy^a 
M cBBeAenie npHcaacHHrb b-b cyau yrojiOBAHe h rpaaAancuie*, a 
EateHbKOB'B H neciejiB BHCKaaajiHCb, KaKi h H. TypreHeB-L, sa He- 
aaBHCHMOCTb cyAeSHoa BJiacxH. IlecxeJib, KaKi h TypreHeB-B, c^nxajTb 
Heooxo^QMOK) HecMiHfleMocxb cy;^efi, x. e. yAajienie hxi He nna^e, 
KaKt no cyA^CHOMy npHroBopy. B-b «PyccKoft npaBj^4» Hecxejui h 
Bt nepe^ini pe$opirB, HaftAenHOM'B y Tpy6eiiiKoro, 6ujio yKasaHO na 
Heofixoj^HMOCTb yHU'iToaceHifl bcakhtb qpesBHiaftHHyB cj]i,ovb, qero, 
naoi MM BHu-fe^iu, Tpe6oBaji'b h H. TypreneB-B **). A. BecxyaeBx, b-b 
nacbMi iLT* HMnepaxopy HHKOJiaK), CBHjcbxejiBCXByex^, qxo ^jenu Tafl- 
earo OfimfscxBa seiiajiH coKpan^eniH npoii;oji»HxejibHocxH cyAonpoaa- 
Bo;;cTBa, *ny6JiHHHocxH> ero h npeAOCxaBjemfl xaaynxHMca npana 
ji30HpaTb iuoSoro cyAbK) hb'b HaBicxHaro hx^ «uacjia. 

JlyHHAt B'B pa36op'h «,T,OHeceHia xaSnofi cjitAcxBCHHOfl kom]jc- 
giii* ynoMBHaexij o TOM'S, qxo AeKaSpHCXBi cqHxa.iH HeoCxoAHMBiM'b 
uBAaHie HOBaro y^oKenia. Ohi, BtpoaxHO, paayMiex'B xyxT» npeanojia 
acenie H< lU TypreneBa cocxaBwxb yrojioBHoe yjiOHccHie u pa6oxy a a 
axy xeidy llecxeiiJi^ Koxopufi, b^ CBoeM'b co^HHemH «KpaxKoe yHo- 
apuxejbBoe o6o3ptHie rocyAapcxBeeHaro npaBJieHia* (1820r.), nocBfl- 
maerB o^bhb mhoto Mtcxa Bonpocy o saKOHax'b rpa»AaHCKHXT» 
II yrojioBHiiX'bt npeACxaBJijiexT> njiaH-B rpaacAancKaro cyASOHHKa it 
npoq, S^'liCb Uecre-ib ycxanaBJEHBaerB cjitiyjonUa ocHOBHHa Haqa>ia 
OTBOCHTeJibHo HaKaoaHifl: 1) cHaKaaame ne ecxb Mui^enxe^ h6o 
MmcHiG ecTB cTpacxb>, a saKOH'B AOJseH'B cxaBHXB nperpaAH 
crpacTHMi. 11 He Moacerb 6HXb caM-B BbipaaceHieirb cxpacxH. 3aK0H'b, 
oapeA^-^Ji HaKasauie, HMtexT* b-b BH^y 4(o6mecxBO, a He npecxyn- 
HHKa, fijiaro oSmeciBeHHoe, a He qacxHyio HeHaBHCXb, upHM4pi a;ib 
Syiymaro, a He Mmenie sa npomeAniee, a noxoMy h cocxohx^ bca 
uljii saKOHOBi* npH onpeA^JieHiH HaKaaanifi eAHHCxBeHHo bt* xomti, 
'ito6h yAepsaxb ApyrnrB jiioAeft ox^ noAoCHiirB npecxynjieHifi, Hcnpa- 
BiiTb^ ecjiu B0SM03EH0, caMoxo upecxynHHsa h nocxaBHXb ero b^ ne- 
B03Bi0KH0CTb Hapymaxb BnpeAb cnoKOflcxBie h SjiaroAencxBie o6n;ecxBa 
ji tiacTHtixB Jin^efli^, HoBTOMy oh'b cHHxaj'b Heo6xoAHMH[M'b BuOHpaxb 
xadH HaELaaama, KOTopbia, «6yAy^H copasMipHU npecxynjieHiK), npo- 
H3B0AflT% caMoe ciLiBHoe Bneqaxjinie na ApyxHX'B jiroAeft h aaKjiio- 
naioTB, MeiieiAy t^m'b, caMoe MeHbmee KOJinqecxBo cxpaAaHia a^ul npe- 
cxyiiHHKa*. 2) EecxeJib pimnxejibHO BHCKasbiBaexcfl npoxEBi* cMepxButi 
KasHH, 3) KaKB h wh <PyccKoft IIpaBA**, oh'b cqHxaerB Heo6xoAu- 
muhii, ^xo6m fia&aaaHia 6ujih «0AHHaR0Bu a^a BC'bx'b cocxoHHiS h 



•^ HeodxojiuMocTii ycTaaoBJieHifl HecMtHfleiiocTH cy^eft h HeAonymeniH 
iiuKa£iiici> ^pe^BMHaflHEJX'B cyAOBT» AOKaauBaerB h BensaMeHB KoHCTan^, 
iipoHaB6AeHi^ {coToparo Clijih SHaKOMbi MHorHM'b ;^eKa6pHCTaM'b. Cm. Politique 
ConatiUtionelle, I, 104, 236, II, 152. 



L 



OqBPKH H31 HGTOPIH MJ^H ABKABPHCTOBl. 81 

BCiTb COCJOBlft 668% M81>flTifl», XOTfl H npHSHaeTB, VTO OAHO H TO 

ze HaKaeairie npn^HHETL «6oju>inee cTpaAanie* HejioBtsy o6pa30BaH- 
HOMj, HeiBejiH JiuineHHOMy BOcnHxaHiji. 

KaxoBCKifl BT> nacbifb hbi sptnocTH BucKasuBaeTCfl Tasse npo- 
TflB% cMepTHoU KasHH *). OAo6pflfl (|)paHiiy8CRie yrojroBHue BasoHu, 
OFB c^HTaerB, o^HaKO, aecbMa BpeAHuirb Aony^eHie hmh cMepT- 
Hofl Ka3HH. OroBapHBaflCL, HTO, Kasi noAcyAHMuft, caul oh^ npeA- 
no^HTaeTb «cMepTb h nosopy, h 3aKJiK)HeHiH)>, KaxoBCRifi roBO- 

pHTlb, qTO «8aK0HU AOJESHU HasadUBaTb BHHOBHUXI), HO HO y6HBaTb, 

n vb caMoifB HaKa»aBiH cTapaTbca He sarpasAarb nyra npecTynHHKy 
K-h HcnpaBJieHii) **). 

BapoHi> B. H. inrefiHrejib, b'b aanncRt 1817 r., npeAcraBJieHHoS 
rocyAapjD, c^HTaj'L HeoSxoAHMUii'b oTMiey rajia h njieiefl. 

H. TypreneBT* bi> coqHHeHiH o&b yrojiOBHOM'B yjiosReniH craBHrb 
vb npHMipii EBpoirb aMepHKaHcsia TnpbMii, a hsi eBponeftCRHX'b 
cqHTaerb jyqmHHH anrjiiftciuji h AstTCRia. KaxoBCRifi B'b AHTHpoBan- 
Hoxi* nncbHl H3i RptnocTH yRaBUBaerb Ha ysacHoe cocTOflHie na- 
max'b TK)peM'b h Tasse Bocxsajiflerb TiopeMHoe ycTpoflcTBo Goe^H- 

HeHHHXT> niTaTOBli ***). 



\1. 

UpeoOpaaoEHHifl soeHHaro crpofl. 

TaK'B RaKii rpoMaAHoe 6ojbmHHCTBO qjeeoBi TaltHaro 06iiiecTBa 
6bLui BoeHHue, to ecxecxBeHHo, qxo ohh cepbesHO BaAyHbLsajiHCb HaA'B 
tiwh. KaRia npeo6pa80BaHia HeofixoAUMO npoH3BecTH vb ycTpoftcTB* 
apMiH. 

Oaho Hsi nepBux'L Mtcrb cpeAH hxt* npeAnojoseHifl no siOMy 
Bonpocy BaflBMaeT-B coKpani;eHie cpoKa cJiyaKfiu HHaHHX'b qnHOB'b ****). 



*) MaHHJ»ccTOMi> 30-ro H0fl6pA 1806 r. o hhjihujii iijih onoAHemH Aana 
6ujia TJiaBHOKOHaHAyioiaHM'b seMCKHMn BoftCKaMH BJiacTb npe;;aBaTi> soeBHOiiy 
cy;\y ocJiymHHKOB'b h HapyraHTcieli npncarH h npneoAHTb B'B HcnojineHie 
Qaxe npHroBopu ki» CMeprHOfl KasHH. 11. C 3. XXIX, Ne 22374, n. 20. Bt* 
AHBHsiH, pacnoJio»eHHofi B'B Becoapa6iH, 6ujia BBe^eHa cuepTE?Ji KaaHb ajia 
npeKpameHifl no6'feroBT» 3a-rpaHHi;y. M, 0. Fep^ueHJom. .HcTOpia MOJioAOfi 
PocciH«, M. 1908, CTp. 31. 

**) HpoTecrB npoTHB-B CMepxHoft KaaHH Mori) asiiTbca y ;ieKa6pHCT0B'B 
noA'B BJiUflieiTb BeHTaMa (.PaacyacAenie o rpa«AaHCKOM'b h yrojiOBHOM-B 
3aKOHonoaoweHin", Cn6. t. II 1806 r., CTp. 614—016) n BeKKapiH. H*koto- 
pBiM-B H3T> HHXT> MOPJio 6iJTb HDRtcTDO n coHHHenie Fhso „De la pciiie de 
mort en matiere politique". P. 18J2 r. liB 1825 r. bb ^C-bBepHOMB ApxnB*". 
(J6 i2) OBiJia HanenaTaea CTaTba npoTHB-b CMepruoft Ka3HH, nepeBe;ieHHaa 
HB-b Revue Encyclopedique. 

»* ■) IlocTaHOBJieHiJ! o TiopbMax-B B-BKOHCTHTyuiH li. MypaBbeBa H.PyccKoft 
IIpaBA** H3Jio«eHiJ EecTejia, bb Moefl ciaxb* bt* acype. „BbiJioe" 1906 r., 
>e 2. crp. 80, Xs s", CTp. 187. 
*•**) B'B aHBap-fe 1811 r. H. C. Mopabheob-b no;iHoo'B rocyAapio aaancKy 

IlOflB. OlAtjlB I. ^ 



82 



B. CEMEBCKlfi. 



Ha 3T0 yKasHBaiorB h JlyHHH'B b'b CBoeM^ «B3rjiflii;t Ha TaitHoe 
O6mecTB0>, H AieKcaHflp'B Max. MypaBBes'L B'B cnncKt pe(|)opM^, 
[ipejuioffieHHHx^ ^enaCpHCTaiiH. B*l sanHCR-b, Haft^eHHofi Bt SyMaraxT* 
Tpy6enitoro, npejinonarajiocb coKpamenie cpoKa BoeHHofi cjiya6u AJia 
HumHHX'L ^HHOB^, KOTopoe j^ojiaHO 6bijio uocji'b]5fiBB,Th HO ypaBHeflin 

BOHHCKOfi nOBlfHHOCTH MBffiJiy BCtMH COCJIOBiaMH, H JBOJIbHeHie fit 

ijTCTaBKy Bcfexi* Sea'B HcoioqeHiH HHHHarL qHHOB'B, npocjyacHBuiHX'L 
15 Jitrii ^). HecTe^TL bi> ^SanHCKt o rocyAapcTBeHHOM'B npaBjeHiH», 
oojiie pauHCMii ero npoH3Be;i;eHiH, ^tM'L «PyccKafl npaBji;a»,npejiiJ[arajrb 
Taa^e ycTaHOBHTt 15-JiiTHifi cpoKi> cjiyacOu. TaKoft ace cpoKT> yKasaHT* 
EM-B H B'b *3'dnucKh cocxaBi BoficKa> **). B'b neft owh roBopnTb, ^to 



„0 HOBOM-b oSpaat KonnjieKTOBaHiH boSckt*'', bt* KOTopoft Meacjiy npoHHM'b 
npe;iJiara,i^ cpoKi^ njts cjiy«6u coJi^aTT* onpe;t'fejiHTb B'b 12 jiirb, bt* tomi 

HHCJlli B A^IS ^l-feftCTBHTeJIbHOfi CJiysObl H 4 ;^JIa TOrO, HT06bI HHCJIHTbCa Bb 

cocTaB'fe pesepBHoft apjiie. AjieRcaHAP'B I npoTHBb 3Toro nyHKTa HanHcajib 
^Qie apBAno.iojKeHio cHHTa© ocBOBaxejibBWM'b, h npeac^e OHoe y MeBfl Bb 
BB^y yaie Oujio". Bo 4>JiOT'b MopABBBOB-b CHHrajib B03M0XHbiMb Haana^BTb 
16-*n-feTHiii epoK'b cjiym,6u h npe^^jiarajib, htoCm aai^irb Kas;(bifi B03Bpa- 
ma,7Cfl ijBT. nepB06HTH06 cocToanJe' (on-fej^oBaTejibBO KptnocTBbie, BonpeKH cj- 
mecTBOBaziLueity TorAa aaKoay, aojiscbbi 6lijih du BOSBpamaTbCA no;;!* BJiacTb 
BOMlimHKa)- rocy;i;ajJb c^tjiaji'b Ha 3to TaKoe aaM-J^naHie: .MHoro Hey;^o6cTBT» 
conpBHieKo ct cirwb'*. KoMHTerb Hs-b npeflct^aTejiefi rocy^apcTBeHHaro co- 
Bi^ra B ero ^enapTaMOHTOBX o;^o6pHJn> MHtaie Mopabbhobb, ho oho ocra- 
jiocb HeocymecTBJieHHyMb. .ApxaBt rp. MopABBHOBUX-b' IV, 42—43, 61. Bt* 
MHiJiiiu no noBo;iy pocnncH Ha 1811 r. Mopabbbobi* npeAJiarajib Aaace hb- 
3Ba^iiTb cpoKT. ciymfkbi cojijiaT-b Bb 7—8 ji'bT'b, nocjit nero ohh aojixhh 
6htmi „o6paniaTbcJt bt* npeacnee CBoe cocTOBBie". Ibid. IV, 447. JI,n6EHT> Bb 
1817 r. npcii.iara.'r'b toKpaTBTb cpoKb cjiyac6bi HHSKHHX'b hhhob'b js,o iS^trb 
c-b T^Mii, <iTo6bi noTr>Mi> ohh, no CBoeMy xcejiaHiio, hjih npo^oJiacaJiH cJiyscHTb, 
HJiH B03Bpaiuajmcb ki^ noiti^niHKy, cxaHOBBCb, ojisaKo, He KptaocTHbiMH, a 
jiHiob npifKp-fcnJieHmJMH kt* scmji']^. .BoeHHuft C6opHHirb' 1861 r. t. XIX, 371. 

0(3oufl CpOKli CJiy:K(Su B'b 8T0 Bpeilfl J[Jia HHJKHHXb HHHOB'b ^blJIl* 25-JI'bTHift, 

HO QocTyaBBinic B'b nee HSb OAHOABOpqeBb, MaJiopocciftcRHXb KasaxoBb, Bofi- 
CKOBuxt oGbiBatejiefl CJio6oACKOft YKpaftBH h HoBopoccin, BoeHHUXb noce- 
jiBHT* H jttTeft naxoTiiHXb coji^bt-b noJiy^^JiH oTcxaBKy ^epeab 16 ji*rb. Bb 
1822 r. cpoK-b ejiy>Kuu Bb ^Bap;^iH 6biJib yMenbiueHb ^.o 22 Ji-fen,. 

*) Bb no3;^Btfhneft sanHCK-fe, HanHcaHHofi Bb 1855 r. pyKOio kh. C. Tpy- 
OeHKoro, opejiJiaraeTeB coKpamenie cpOKa cjiya6bi ao 10-th h ^aace ,io 
H JitTb (cm. ero ^SanHceH", H3A. ero AO^epefl, 1907 r., cxp. 168). Eabb-jih mokho 
coMHtBaThCa BT> TOMTi, HTO 3Ta BaHHCKa cocTaBJiBHa TpyCeqKHM-b. M. A. 

4>0Hb-BH3RHTj B'b ,OaniMJK'b KptnOCTHOM'b COCTOBbIh BBMJieA'feJlblieBT* B'b 

PocciFi" flB42 r.) BbicKaaajica bb 10— 12-Ji'bTHifl cpoKb cjiyxdu HnaBBX-b 
iR^ioQi^. Cm. mojq cTaTbio o HeMi> Bb hsabbIh llHpoHCKOBa »06niecTB. abhsk- 
B% PocdK ETi nepByio nojioBBHy XIX b.**. t. I, Cn6., 1905 r. cxp. 80; ^Bh- 
6jiL0TGKa ^eKuCJpacTOBTj'. M. 1907 r. b. IV, 118. MopjiBBHOBb BT> 1826 ro;iy 
npeA-iarajii. ycTaBOEsiiTb 10 ji'bTHiu cpoK'b cJiyavObi, bt* 1830 r.— 8— 10-Ji'bT- 
Hi6> a nosABte 8 jiliTHiik cpoKb. ,Apx. rp. Mop^BBHOBbixb" VII, 36, VIII. 257, 
IXf 31, 136, 141. llpu HflKOJia'fe I ycTaHOBJieno yBOJibHenie HHacHiixb 4HH0B'b 
uo BHcayrt 2U jitxb aa 5 ociaJibHuxb Ji-ferb cjiya6hi Bb 6e3cpoHBuft 
ornycKb. redutept, „KoMnjieKTOBaHie h ycTpoftcTBO BoopyaceBHoft chjiu". Cn6. 
IS^OO r., CTfh 87. 

'*) BojiKOHOKifi, ynoMHHyBi> o tomT), hto TaftHoe 06mecTB0 nopyHii^io 



k 



O^EPKH U31> UCTOPIH hJlfiA ftEKilBPHCTOB'b. 83 

OAHOK) Hsi) rjiaBHux'B npH^HHii MHoro^aciieHHocrH npecTynjieHiS b^ 
McKi ABJijieTCfl npoAOJiacHTejiBBOCTb cjiyasSbi hh»hhxi» qHHOBT>: «CpOK^ 
ljflcj!ys6u, onpeAtjieHHBifl b^ 25 .I'trb, j^o xaKOfi CTeneHH qepe3i> BCflRyio 
xipy npoAOiiffiflTejeHTj, mo MstJio coJAarB OHuft npoxo;vm> h BIJ;^ep»n- 
BaioTB, H noTOMy cb caDcaro MjiaAeHqecTBa npHBURaiorB ohh Bsupaib na 
BOCHHyio cjiyjKfiy, Kau'B Ha acecTo«iaflniee necqacTie h no«iTH KaKt na pt- 
inHTejbHLifi npHroBopi> ki CMepiH. G'bTaROBbiMH qyacTBaMH h QOHflTLaxH 
BGTynaa bx boAcko, a b-b npoAOJiaeHie larocTHofl cBoefl cjiy«6H Ha- 
xoj^fl Majio npHqHH'b nepeMtHHTb na efl cqerb cBofl o6pa3'b imcjiefi, re- 
paiorb cojAaTH BCflKyro na^^eaiAy Ha cqaciie Bcefl shshh, a cl rfcii'b 

Blitcrik H CO;^ijbIBaK)TCfl rOTOBUMH K^b UOCJliAOBaHiK) AypHbiX'b npH- 

M-fepoBx H KT> npHHaxiio euie xyADiHX'b coBiroB^*. HysHo ycxano- 

BHTb, <qT06H B-B peKpyTU SpaJIHCb OAHH TOJIbKO MOJIO;^Ue JIOAH, HM*- 

K)mie 20 jitTb, a He 6oji4e. BciiACTBle cero hmIjjii 6h KasAuli 
co^Aarb, BHXOAflnufi B-b OTCiaBKy, ne fiojiie 35 Jitrb, Sburi 6bi xorAa 
«me Fb nojEHoS cHJii h, sanjiaTHB'b A^Hb oi^eqecTBy, mofb 6u jiK)6oe 
ce6t H36paTb cocrojiHie h naAiHTbca en^e na MHoroJitTHee cqaciie, 
HarpaacAaron^ee ero sa xopomyio cjiyac6y». KopoxKie cpoaH cjy«6bi 
EasaiECL necxejuo HeBOSMOSHbiiia. «MbiCAb, qxo boAcko, JiHuiaHCb 
ciapux'b cojiAaxx, xepnex-b b^ KptnocxH h ycxpoficxBt cBoeM'b, 6biJia 
6u ciipaB8AJiHBa, ecjH cpoK-b cjiya[6H ao 5 jitxii Cua-l 6h yaieHb- 
meffb, HO coBepmcHHO HeocHOBaxejibHO, KoxAa A-^ia onaro onpeAtaa- 
jOTcs. 15 .ifkvb, h6o EasA^fi HaqajibHUETi noAXBepAHxi>, qxo caMue Jiyq- 
inie coJAaxH cyxb xt, EOxopHe cjiyacax^ orb 5 ao 15 xoaobt*. Ilep- 
fiue HHTb roAOBx HysHbi cojiAaxy, Aa6bi kt^ ciysdi coBepmeHHO npH- 
BUKHyxb H HaAJeasan^HMx o6pa80Mi OHya) nosnaxb. IlpocJiysa ace 
15 Avhj Ha^HHaexTj OH'b cjia6ixb h cxaHOBUxca yae Mente coBep- 
meHHUH^, a noxoMy jyqmee BpeMH a-ih cojiAaxa naxoAHxcH Me)RAy 
5 H 15 Ji'bxi> cpoEa ero cjrya:6u. IIpofiAH celt cpoE^, nejibBH oxi» 
Hero xpe6oBaxb he hhbocxh, hh 6oapocxh HaA^esanieS h nejibSfl 
osHAaxb HH ycepAifl, hh no.ib8bi. JIdah ne cyxb npocxbia inauiEH, 
EOHHH 6u HOSHO Sbijio ABHxaxb iio HpoHSBOJiy Gesi) BCHEaro coo6pa- 
sema h paacyacAemH* *). IlecxejiK) Kaaajica HeB03M0»HUM'b 5-ji1iXHitt 
cpoEX cjiyacfibi bx BoflcKt, Me»Ay xiM'b bo ^pani^iH, bo BpeMH pe- 
ciaBpaipH, cyn^ecxBOBajTb jijLE axoro G-aixHifl cpoK'b h jHfflb Ha BpoMH 
BoflHU B-b 1817 r. ycxaHOBjieHa 6ujia en;e 6-atxflaa xeppaxopiaJbHaa 
cjy»6a AJifl oxcxaBHux-b cojiAaxT> **). 



BtKOTopuiii» cBOHHi* 'laeHaM'b Bbipa6oTKy npeABapHTeabHbix-b ycTasoBB pas- 
HuxT, qacrefl ynpaBaeuU, roBopHxt: „aj^MBHHCTpaTHBHafl nacxb h BoeHHaa 
opraHH3aD[ia 6biJiH nopy^enu Ilecxeaio** (cxp. 422), h A*flcTBHTeabHO, h-h ero 
Cyuarax'b coxpaHHaocb Muoro 3anHC0Ki> no BonpocaMi) Booaiiaro 6uTa, a 
TaKse npeAHOJioaceHia h OTBOciiTejibHO aAMaHHCTpaTHBHuxii pe^opMB. 

*) ^epHOBbifl sanBCKH IlecTeJia no ;i'bJiaM'b BoeHHaro ynpaBJienia ^FocyA- 
Apx/ 1 B. J6 473. 

**) Guillon. Les complots militaires sous la Restauration. P. 1896, 
p, 24, 27. Bt> IIpycciH no saKony 3 ceHxaiSpa 1814 r. BMtcTO npencaaro, 

6* 



84 B. CEMEBCKl 11. 

JI,eKa6p£rcT'b aKy6oBH4X b-l nucLMt k^l hmu. HHKOJiaio uax Kpt^ 
nocTH (oTt 28 jieKafipa 1825 r.) npc%'iaraji'L yMCHnnHTt cpoKt- 
cjj2C(!iM coj^iarB. EleTpTb A. BecTyKCB'L oahor^ h3t> BaacHtfiinHXTE. ut- 
jrefi TailHaro 06mecTBa cnHxajTB coKpamenie cpoKa cjiy»6u HHaHHJvi> 
UHHOBii ). Huewb CtBepnaro 06mecTBa HasHiioB'B Ha Bonpocb^ 

CltlCTBeHHOft KOMHCCiH, Ha qSM-B OSmeCTBO OCHOBHBaJIO CBOH HaAeSAB! 

Ha ycnljxii, oTBt^aji'B: «Ha, yMeHBrneniH cpoKa cjysSu coJAarB h Ha 

oSliHBJieHiH C:B060AH nOMtn^H'IBHM'B KpeCTbflHaM'B*. 

pyjitaBT. BO Bpeiffl cji-hACTBia aanBHjnb: ^IIpH coBtmaniH o cpe^- 
cTBJix'b Kh BD^My^^eHiH) coJAaTb H nojiarajn> iiojre.sHtiM'B pacnycTuxB 
ciyx-L, 5yATa bt» ceHaii xpaHHXca AyxoBHoe saBtmaHie noEofinaro 
rocyAapii, bt. KOTopoMt cpoK'L cjiyac6M hh2chhm'l qHHairb yneHb- 
ni^H'b 10- hj roAaMH». MntHie aio 6ltjio CAHHorJiacHO npHHflxo, KaKTb 
Tpyfien,KHM'L, laKt h BciMH ApyrHMH qjienaMH, h ptuieno 6u3lo o$h- 
i^epaKii pasflux-B hojikobi, npHHaAJiesan^HMH Kt o6mecxBy, npHBecxs 
ero btj licnojiHeHie. Ho noKaaaniK) TpyfieiiKoro, npeAnojarajiocb, 
EoiAa coopaHLi Cy^yxTb Bci hojkh Ha cenaxcKofi njion^aAH h KOPAa. 
BcxynaTL cb humh b-b neperoBopM, xpe6oBaxB ovb ceHaxa aaBima- 
Hiji, no KOTopowy yoaBJiefli cpoicB cjiyffi6M cojAaxaMB. 

H. A. EeciyaKeBB bt* BOcnoMHHaHiax'B o PBTJiieB-b paaciw.SMBaex'B, 
mo OH-B caMT., ero Opax^ A. A. BecxyaeBi* h PBuiieBB, nocjii xoro, 
Eas'B BOifCKO upHCHFflyjio KoHcxanxEHy IlaBJiOBHqy, «nojiosHJiH 6ujio 
DHcaib npoK,iaMaqiii k'b BOficKy h xafiHo pa36pocaxB hxt* no Ka- 
aapjiaMTj; ao nocjit, npHsnaBB axo nejAoOHBiMB, HsopBajiH h^ckojibko 
McnucaaHUXB yae jihcxobb h piniHJiHCB Bct xpoe haxh ho^bh) no 
ropoiy, ocxauaujiHBaxB KaacAaro coJiAaxa, ocxaHaBJiBBaxbca y KaacAaro 
lacoBoro n nupeAaBaxB hmt* cjiobocho, ixo hx-b o6MaHyjiH, He nosa- 
BaB'B aaBtn^aHLfl noKoflHaro i^apn, bT) KOXopoMB Aana CBo6oAa Kpe- 



20-ji1vTyjjro cpoKa cjiyat6H 6iiiJia BBeAena o6mafi BOHHCKan noBHHHOCxb ajih 
BC^xii cuoco6uyn> hochtl opyacie cpoKOM-B at 19 ji1jti>; ho h3t> huxi jihidi* 
5 jitTij cjiyaiH.iH BT> A*ficTBHTejibKOft cjiyacSiJ, Bt tom-b HHCJi* 3 ^o;^a no^'b 
3HaMcnaMn H iiBa— 81 OTnycKy. SarfeMt na 26 roAy hchshh nepexoAHJiH Ha 
7 jitTh Bi. nepBbiti npHsuBi* JiaHABepa, KOTopuft bo BpeMH sofinu, Kan-b h 
oocTOiiBHaH apvdn, oCaaaH-b 6biJi'b cjiyacHTb h BHyrpH, h bhI^ CTpanbi, a bb 
MHpHoc BpeMu, B-b HSB'fecTHue j^HH, HOABepraJiCii He6ojibraHM'b y^ebijiM'b h 
paa-b BT* Toxh coeAHHflJic* cb OTpfl;taMH nocToaHHoJi apMin jina ManeBpOB-b. 
Bropoil npHSbiB-b jiaHABepa, TaK»e cb 7-ji'bTHHM'b cpoKOM-b cjiyac6bi, b-b Mif}> 
Hoe ypeiia cooiipaJica tojibko bt* cbobm-b Kpaio h na H'feCKOJibKO AHefl, a bo 
BpcMH noiiiitj cjiyacHJiTj ji^Jisi no^Kp-fenjieHia rapHHsoHOB-b, ho bx cjiy^a-fe ne- 
o6xo;iimociii ^or-b 6biTb ynoTpeCjieH-b a BHt cTpaHU. HaKoiieu-b, Jian;;aiTypM'b 
(ooojiMeiiie; apeAHasHaHaJica Jinnib ;^jifl aaiuHTbi bx KpaflneM-b cjiynat ott. 
HenpiflTeJifccicai'O Hana^eHia h b-b cocTaB-b ero bxoahjih Bcb cnocoOHue ho- 
CHTb opyade oT-b 17-ro ao 50-ro ro^a. CuHOBba oGpaaoBaHHbix'b cocjiOBifl, 
BOopyacaBmiecii Ha CBofi c^ei'b, cjiyacHJin noA'b sHaMeHaMH jiHmb o;tHHi> 
ro;i%, vKe docji* Tpex-b Ji-tr-b nepenoAHJincb b^b JiaH^Bep-b h 6tiJiH xaMi) 
nepoHMM irpeTeHAeHTaMH na o^nuepcKia M-bcxa. T r e i t s c h k e. Deutshe 
GescMchtt% I Thcil, 7 Aufl. 1904, S. 592—593. 

*) PluKi^Ta MypaBbCB-b TaKace noKa3ajn>, hto .OomecTBO nojiarajio ckjio- 
HHTb BoftcKa Ha CBOio CTopoHy yMeubmeHicM'b cpoKa cjiy3K6bi". 



¥^ 



OqBPKH HS'B flCTOPIII HAElt AEKABPHCTOB'b. 85 

cTMHaMi H ydaBjieea ;^o 15 jiixi cojifl;aTCKaa cjiyac6a... HeJibaa 
npej^cxaBHTb Ka^HOCTH^, roBopHTb H. BecTy«eBi>, <cx KaKoro cjiy* 
maiH HacB coJASkTu; Hejibafl u3'i»iicHUTb 6uGTpoTU, cb KaKOH) pa3- 
Hec.iHCb HauiH cjiOBa no BOflcKaMTi; Ha Apyrott jimh raRoS «e o6xoa'b 
no ropoAy yAOcxoBipHji'b Haci bt* btomi* *). 

C. H. MypaBLeBi-AnocTOJi'b bo BpeMfl BOScTama ^epHHroBCKaro 
no.iKa csasajTb b'b BacHJibKOBt 31 AeKa6pfl 1825 r. KpaxByH) piqb 
COJA^TairB, B'b KOTOpofi, npH8bIBafl HXT) K-b 3amHTt CB060AU AJifl 

ceoa H oxeTCCTBa, oSnaAeaHBaji'B hxi, hto hm'b 6yji;eT^ npH6aBj[eH0 
jKiUOBaHbe, yMeHbffleHt cpoK'b cjiy3K6u h o6jierqeHO laaejioe nojio- 
senie KpecxwiH^ *♦). 

.lyHHH'b BO <B3rjiaA'h Ha Taflnoe OfimecTBo* xaKae CBHA*Tejib- 
cTByerB sejtaHiH 06mecTBa, qxoou HcaaoBanie coj^axa 6hjio cyne- 
iH^eHo B'B copadifbpHOGXH cb ero HyacAaMu». Ilecxejib B'b 4(3anHCRl 
rocyASkpcxBeHHOMi> ynpaBJieHiH» AOKasuBaji'b neoOxoAHMOcxb yjiyq- 
niHXb nnmy coj^arb h c^tjiaxb hx^ o^e^Ay xeiiJiie h yAoSHte. 
El) ciiOBaM'b A. M. MypaBbesa, cxpoMHJiHCb h Boofiiue kt» «yjiyqme- 
sh) cyAbfiij saniHXHHROB'B oxeqecxBa». 

no cBHAtxejbCTBV JyHHHa H A. M. MypaBbeBa, TaflHoe 06mecxB0 
sejajio yMeHbuieHifl ROJiHueciBa BofiCRi* B'b MupHoeBpeMH. A. Becxy- 
aceB'b B'B HHCbifb m-b RptnocxH ri HHROJiaEo I coBibxoBajrb eiiy yMOHb- 
fflHrbqHCJieHHOcxbapMiH<BT> xpexb» '**). H. TypreHeB'B B'b HensAan- 
HOMb co^HHeHiH «TeopiH noiHXHRH» (h. II, 1820 r.) BHCRaaajix 
Mucjb, qxo nocxoaHHaa apiiia AOiXHa «cocxoaxb xojibRO na^b pery- 
jiapHoS RaBajteplH £ apxHJi.iepiH», xaRii RaR-b 9xh nacxH ea «He 
Moryx-B 6bixb BApyri c<|)opMHpoBaHbi», ntxoxoio ae MoaexT> 6uxb mh- 
jHma; npHHaA^eaan^ie R^ nefi jeojh aojishei 6bijiH ocxaBaxbca B'b 
^Bouxit AOMax^ H <xo.ibRO no BpeMenaH'B ynpasHHXBca B'B aRsepciH- 

I^iH BOeHHOfl* ****). 

necTeJiB B'b «3anHCR'b rocyAapcxBeHHOM'b npaBJieHiH» o^eHb 
noApoSHO roBopnrb pasjtiiqHHrB BoeHHUx-b npeoSpaaoBaniax'b; a 
ocxaHOBJiH)CB jnmb Ha H'bcROjbRux'B ero npeAJioseHiaxi, HM'brou^ux'b 
6o.ite o6niee 3HaneHie. ^ja npiy^ienla coJAaxx r-b HcnoJiHeHiK) hx'b 
o6a3aHHOCxefi offb npcA-aarajTb, ^xo6h ^exBepxaa nacxb BoficRpi 6ujia 
pacnojoaena Ha rpaHHE(t^ npn ^eux uojiroAa ohh cxoajiH 6bi B'b Jia- 
rept, a ocxajBHoe Bpeica B'b Rptnocxaxii. UpodbiB'b xaRUHi* o6pa- 
soMi) roA'b Ha BOCHHOM'b nojoaeHin^ dxa qacxb BoflcRa AOJiana 6bTj[a 
CMteaxbca Apyrpio. BoficRa, naxoAamiaca Ha muphom-b nojioaeniH, 

♦) cFlojiH. co6p. coH. K. e. PuJi-feeBa>, Jlettnu. 1861 r., Bh6ji. pyc. aBTo- 
poB-Li, I, 32—33, ^HcTop. BtcT.- 1904. >fc 4. 

'*•) ^TaflHoe 0(5mecTBO h U^eKaCpa 1825 r.*. JleHnu. crp. 87; cp. „Pyc. 
Apx- 1902 r. J« 6, crp. 296. 

***) M A. 4»0H1»-Bh3HH'L Bt HOBflH-feftmeMB XpyA* ,0 Kp*nOCTHOM'b co- 

CT05iHiH seMJiefltJifcueBT, B'B PocciH* 1842 r. HaxoAHTb BoaMoacHHMi, coKpa- 
meHie apHiH ao noJiOBHHbi. 
t*r*^ TypreaeBCKia Apx. bt> pyK. ota. Bh6;i. AKa;i. HayKi. JVfe 1117, n, 22. 



86 B. C E M E B C K I ft. 

oHt npe^TJiarajTB ynoTpe6.iflTL na «A'fejiaHie ^oporB*^ nocrpofiKy s^a-- 
Hifi fl «BOo6me Ha Bct fiojibmia rocyj^apcTBeHHua pa6oTU» *). 
IIocTynaioimix'L Ha BoeHHyio cjiyacfiy IlecTeJiL pa3;i;'fejiaen> Ha bojil- 
Ho - onpeAiiiJiion^HXCfl h ^HaSopeBixt paTHHKOBTb*. BojBHO-onpe- 
AtJuaroniHMHCii MoryrB SuTb He to-ibko paTHHKH (coji;i;aTiir), ho h Bcfe- 
«qflHOBHHKH» (o$H^epH)- BojibHO-OHpeAtJiflionUflca, aeJiaK)ni,ifi nocxy- 
iiHTb Ha cjry»6y o$HHiepoM'B, AOJaceH'L BH^^epaaib cooTBiiCTBeHHoe 
ucHHTame, ho bo bchkom-b ciyna* o6a3aH'L npeABapHxeJibHO npocjiy- 
»HTb o^HH'L Mtcani'b pai50BHM'B, flpyroft ABcaTHHKOBTb (e$peftTopoM'b)^ 
Tpexifi ynxep'b-o^Hi^epoM'B, htoSu ysnaxb BoeHHyio cjiyafiy so Bcix'b 
ea cxeneHaxx. <Ha6opHbifi paxHHK'b, onpe^tJiaion^ftca b-b hojikT), cb 
fiojibmoK) nojib30K) Mosex^ nocxynnxb npe^BapaxejibHo bt* KopeHHjio 
ApysHHy Ha oahh-b xoa'b h xaMi* fibixB sceMy nyacHOMy ody^en'B, 
;^.^a nero h ^^ojaeni KasjjHf^ hojikt* hm^xb ocofieHHoe yqajinme npa 
KopeHHofi Apy»HHi». Ox;^aBaxb Jiioaefi b'b BoenHyio cjiyafiy bt> BEjiik 
HaKasania ;^OJI»HO 6bixb sanpen^eno, xaK^ KaicB cbohhckoo SBanie- 
cxojiB noHxeHHo», mo He ;^0J^»H0 6hxb <yAtjOM'B HeAOCxoflnaro 'le- 
j0B4Ka». Bo $jiox4, no MHtHiio Eecxejia, Bcero nojiesHte 6hjio 6u 
^HMtxb OAHHX'B xojBKO BOJibHO-onpeA*MK)mHXca, HocxynaiomHX'B Ha 
BoeHHHe KopaSjH cb KyneqecKHX'B Kopa6jiefl, h6o», KaK'B nojaraex'B 

OHT), «CHJIBHBlfl> $JIOXTi 4(HH Ha ^eMT* HHOifB OCHOBaH-B 6hXB He MO- 

/KexT,, KaK'B cAHHcxBeHHo Ha KyneiecKOM'B Mopexo^cxBi* ajw xoro, 

'iX06BI 6BIXb CnOCOfiHUM'B Kl> Xpy^HOt H npOAOj!UEHXejrBHO& BQ&wb. 

IlecxejiB He pimajica BHCKasaxBca b-b xom-b ace co^fflHeniH 3a co- 
BepmeHHoe yHHqxoacenie xtjiecHbiXT* HaKasanifi b-b BoficKax'B, a cxo- 
sjn> xojiBKO sa hxt* orpanaqeHie. «TijrecHOMy HaKa3aHiro», roBopax-B 
OH'B, 4(fl,oji3KHEi HOAJiesaxB oi^HH pHAOBHe MJiaAHiaro oKJiaAa **), H xo 
He HHaqe, KaK'B no cy;^, pasno KaK'B a BcaKoe HaKasanie BOo6met 
HCKJioqaa MajiOBHaqyn^ax'B cjiy^aeB'B, Koxopue 6oji'fce omaSKaMa npaa- 
HaHEi 6bixb Moryx-B, Heacejia npecxynjieHiaMa. Ho a b'b ccm-b cjiyqafe 
jiOJJKHo npoBcxojiiHXB r.iacHo, nepej^'B japymaHOH), no nparoBopy jipy- 
HCHHHoM pacnpaBH» (cocxoan^efi hs^b APJ^UHHaro naqajiBHHKa a 

BCfcxi APyJKHHHHX'B 0$HHepOB'B), «a HO HO BOJit OJI,HOrO APY^HH- 



*) 3aBaj[HinHH'B coo6iuaerb, hto, no MBtsiio HJieaoBB Taflnaro 06- 
luecTBa, ^BOficKa bi» MHpHoe Bpeiiii mofjxh 6uTh ynoTpe6;ifleMbi na rocy- 
AapcTBeHHH« pa6oTH*, a ocoCeaHO na HcnoJiHeHie AopoacHofl noBHHHOCTH, 
HTO Kasajiocb 6001*6 ecrecTBeHHHM'B, He«ejiH J^aBaTB coJiiJ.B.T&wb ornycKi 
AJia 8eMJieA*JibHecKHX'b pa6oT'L, a bt> to ace BpeMa OTpHBaxL oti> hhxt> Kpe- 
CTbJiHHHa A^^ OTpadoTKH HaxypajibHbix'b noBHHHOCTeft. .danncRH" I, 171. 

♦*) 3to npeflJiOKenie, BtpoaxHO, o6"BacHaeTca xtMi, ito bi npyccin b-b 
dTO BpeuH ysKO 6li;io oTM'&HeHO naKasaHie naJiKaiia Jins. coAaxi* nepsaro- 
KJiacca. Goeite, Das Zeitlter der dentschen Erhebung. 1891, J, 144—145. Eme 
Bo BpeifA cyiiiecTfiOBaHifl Tugeudbund'a noasHJiacb CTaxbA FHeflaeHay 
,Frfiheit der Rilckea* (cBo6oAa cnHHu) B'b KeHHrc6eprcR02i'b »ypHa;ii 
„Volk8frennd*. Okojio aioro ace BpeMean (bt* 1809 r.) anrjiiflcKift ny6jiH- 
HHCTb Ko66eTT> BHcaa-b npoTHBi ynoTpe6jieBia bb apMin T*jiecHLixT> Ha- 
KasaiiiD. 



O^EPHH HSli. MCTOPIK BJlEtt AEKaBPHCTOBI. 87 

Haro Ha^iajuLHHKa. P^AOBofi, ckbobb cxpofi nporHaHHufl, aojisoe'l hsx 
noiRj 6kitb BUHHcaH'b H nocTyaHTb b'l rb irbcTa rpaagi;aHCKaro h 
BoeflHaro Bi;i[OMGTB'B, rj^t ixpoHSfiOA^TCA TflrocTHUfl pa6(m>i, Hanpn- 

Mip-L, B^ JHXeflHHe ABOpH, 3aB0J^H H T. n.» *). 

ByAy^ nojiKOBLiin» ROMaHAHpoirL BflTCRaro nojiRa, UecTeJOi He 
jHHqToacHjrB 7 ce6jai rfajiecHuxi) HaRa3aHi8. Ha Aonpocb b^ TyiiB^HH'b 
22 AORaSpa 1825 r. eMy 6ujio yRaaaHo na to^ ^to cna^ajia owh 
6}Wh BecBMa CHHCXOAHTeaeHi r^ nHXHHMi ^HHairB, ho nocjil cMOTpa, 
npoHSBeAeHHaro RopnycHLiM'B ROMaHAHpoMt wh 1823 r. b'l jarept 
npH ropoA'b Bap*]^ owb BUBejiii noaRi ajui HaKasaHia rbxi hhshhxb 
qHHOBi>, ROTopue saitt^eHu 6KLIU o4>Hi;epaMH HJiH yHTep'B-o^HAepaMH, 
KaRi HepaAHBHe hjih A*JiaBinie oniH6Rn. HecTCJiB oTBiqajit: cC-b 
HHiKHHX'B ^HHOB'b fl CHa^ajia MHOFaro Tpe6oBaTB He Morb, h6o ne 
6ujih ohh BuyqeHU u He 6uJiii bi tobcb BHHOBaxBi. HaAoSno 6ujio 
Aaib HHi) 6000061) cA^JiaTBCH wh cjiysSt CBiAyniHMH, a noTOifB 
yse Tpe6oBaTB h BSucRHBaTb. Ilocjii aarepa 1822 r. sanajicH a oco- 
6eHH0 yHTep'b-o(|)HitepaifH npea'b bck) 3HHy, codpaji^b htb b'l yqe6- 
Hbui ROMaHAH H CA^bjrajTb mi> bbxT) y^Hxejieft, a npe»Ae 6ujih ohh 
caMH Heyra*. Ilocjrb xoro coJAaiu oRaaajiH ycntxH, «ho neAOCxa- 
xoqHue, h saRopeH^jiafl ji'^hoctb Bce en^e ocxaBaJiacb b^ a'^^cxbIh. 
Cie noHyAHJO Mena ofipaxaxbca r-b cxporocxH, HcimxaB-b Bct cpeA- 
cxBa xepniHia h noyienia h ySiAHBHiHCb, hxo OAHa cxporocxb mo- 
sex^ HCRopeHHXb AaBHHHiHiDio JL^Hh H CHJbHoe HepaA'i^Hie. ycntxi 
onpaBAajf'b Moe cooSpaacenie. Boxi hphhhhh, nonyAHBraia nena ne- 
peirhHHXb npesHee Moe cHHcxoAHxejibHoe o6pan^eHie na cxporoe». 
necxejib npH3Hajica, hxo nocjit CMoxpa, npoHSBeACHHaro RopnycHHMXi 
ROHaHAHpoM'L, BeitjocB HaRasaxb uajiRaiiH Bcbx^b nepaAHBbix'b coji- 
Aax^. Ho, ecJiH OH-b, RTbcxHAy ero, ne cyMtjrb o6oflxHCb npn ROMan- 
AOBaniH nojiROM^ Sea-b ynoxpe6jieHia naJOK'b, qxo Hamerb bobmoh- 
HHiTb APyroft AeRa6pHcxi» M. A. ^oh^-Bhshh'b, SbiBniifl nojtRO- 
BBiirb ROMaHAHpoM'b AByxi erepcRHXi> hojerob'b, xo bob ace ne cjitAJ^'^ 
AYMaTB, ^0 Hecxejib 6uji'b saypaAHbiMi Ha^ajibHHROM'b. VL^'b oahopo 
Aonecema, yse no cicepxH ero, bhaho, RaRyio xopomyio iiaMaxb ocxa- 
bhji'l ohi> nocji'b Ge6a bt» BaxcROifb nojiKy. «Bcl HHScnie hhhu h 
o$Hi^epb[», cKasano b% axoM'b AOHeceniH, «sajr]bK)xi> Hecxejia, 6biB- 
maro hxi» ROMaHAHpa, roBopai hxo hitb xopomo ci HHirb 6hjio, a^ 
H eme qero-xo jyqniaro oxhabjih, h cxonrb xojibRO BcnoMHHXb ROMy 

*) Bt „3anHCK* o cocTast BoflcKa", fa* noBTopaexca 3to npe;;jio«euie, 
riecxejib Haxo;(HJi'L eme B03M0»HUM'b, qxo6u 6aTajiioHHufl ROMaHAHp'b h 
Bucmie HaqajibHHRH hm^jih npaso HaKasuBaxb xi^ecHO paAOBbix'b HHsinaro 
oKJiaAa no CBoeny ycMOTp'bHix); ho Cb t-^^mi*, hto6u ohh o^asaHU 6ujih bho- 
cHTb dTH i^'&na Bi> pacnpaBHua khhfh h wh hhxi> pacnHCUBaTbca. Bi» aroft 
sanacK'b Jlecxejib Tanace npeAaarajii* danpexHTb .oT^aBaxb jiioAefl bi> aaRa- 
ijaaie bt* BoeHHyi) cayacdy"; o^HaKO oht> AonycKajn> aj^-fecb, htoOu ohh nocxy- 
naaa xy;;a, Ky;ia OTCujiajiHCb 6u coaaaxbi, BUKJiiOHaeMbie H3'b noJiROB'b, to 
ecTb Ha -iHTeflHue ;^Bopu, saBO^u h npoH. TocyAapcTB. Apx. I, 13, Ns 478. 



88 B. C E M E B C K I it. 

ji^'b BoeHHUxT* IlecTejiJi, TO BApynb BoaKifl co bs^oxom'b mkehm'b h 
cjieaaMH oxBi^aerB, ^to laKOBoro KOMan^Hpa ne 6hjio h He Sy^erB; sl 
cie orB MHoraxx caMT* cjiHrnaji'L, h eBpeii, ho^th Bcaicifl, Toae ottb 

BOeHHHX'L CJIHma, MH* ;tOHOCHJIH» *). 

flKynrKHHt roBopHTL, mto ^jichbi coH)3a BjiaroAeHCTBifl «CTaJiH npn 
Bcix-L cjiyqaaxi rpeMtiL npoTHB-L ahkhx^ yqpeKfleaift, aauoBH: najKa, 
KptnocTHoe cocToanie h npoq.... B'b btowl ^tjit hu ptmHieJibHo 
6BIJIH sacTpijDLBmHKaMH;... Ha KajKAOM'B mary BcrptqaJiHCL CKaaosySBi 

He TOJIbKO B-L apMiH, HO H BTb TBapAiH, JIJLB KOTOpHXt ShJIO HeOO- 

HHTHo, ^toSh h3t> pyccKaro qeJiOBiKa bosmokho BHnpaBHib ro^Haro 
cojAaia, He HSJOMaBi* na ero chhh* HtcKOJibKo bosob'b naJiOKt* **). 

B-b CeMeHOBCKOM'b nOJKy, B-b KOXOpOM-b CJiySHJIO HtCKOJIbKO qJieHOB'b 

Coroaa Bjiaro;ieHCTBija, <naiita ho^th coBctM'b yace 6biJia bm- 
Be;^eHa HSTb ynorpefijieHifl* ***). H. TypreHeBi Taoce roBopHTb o 
qjenax'b TafiHaro 06H^ecTBa, hto «ecjiH HiKOTopwe HB'b hhx^ ^pe^Ki^e 
BOBAepscHBajiHGb orb HaKasaHiS coji^arb najisaHH, to 8to 6bi.io cjrbA- 
cTBieM-b npBpoAHofl Ao6poTH, Tenepb-ace ohh oTBeprajiH bto cpe^cTBO 
nojwepaaHia AHci^HriJiHHH, Kaicb npoTHBoptqaniiee ocHOBuwM'b Hasa- 
jiaMT* cnpaBOAJiHBOCTH H qeJiOBtqflocTH* ****). nopyqHK-b THpaciiojb- 
CKaro nojiKa Thtob-b, npHflaTufi b^ OSmecTBo HapbimiuiHbiMT* Kb 
$eBpajilj 1824 r., noKasajnb, qxo b-b qacjit «apTHKyjiOB'b», coo6meH- 
Hbix-B eny HapuuiKHHHM'B, 6bLao o6ji3aTejibCTBO 4(o6pamaTbCH cb hoa- 

qHHeHHBIMH CKOJIB MOXHO qeJIOB']bKOJIH)6HB'6e». 



*) „PyccK. Apx." 1905 r. J^ 6, cxp. 309. 

*•) 6. H. FjiHEKa ciHTajit ce6fl odnaaHHHM'b nopHi^aTb ynorpe^jieHie 
naaoKi) b-b BoftCKaxi>. „Pyc. CTap.' 1904 r. J«B 3, crp. 512. 

♦**) ryMaHHofl A'^TejiBHOCTH M. 8. Opjiosa vh uaxoAHBineflcH nojii, 
ero KOMaHAOK) wb Beccapa6iH, ahbhsIh, o nescb n yace ynoMHsaiCB bb aa- 
laji* aroft cTaxLH (»PyccK. Bor." 1907 r. >« 5) cm. M. 0. repmeH30HT» 
.HcTopLfl Mojionoft PoccIh", M. 1908 r. CTp. 28—37 u bt, BOcnoMHHamax'b 
JlnnpaH^H („PyccK. Apx." 1866 r. cxp. 1430—1441). OpjioBB 6ujrb JiHrneHt 
AHBH3iH H HasHaHeH'B .cocTOflTB BO apMlH*, HO jj^bjio ero nojiyHRjio mnpo- 
Kyio orjiacKy Aaace h sarpaHHi^eK). O^ieBBAHO, noAi* BJiiiiHieM'B npHKasa 
M. 8. OpjioBa, 3 asrycTa 1820 r., r^* sanpemajiHCb .cJiHinKOM'B cTporoe 
o6paiueHie c-b coji;iaTaMM h ;iHcuHnjiHHa> ocHOBaHHan Ha nooo^x'B*, KOMaH- 
OTP* 32-ro erepcKaro nojiKa, noJiKOBHHK'b HeneHHHT>, HJieHB Corosa Bjiaro- 
^leHCTBW, OT^ajiB 9 ;^eKa(5pa 1820 ro^a upHKaa-B o coeepraeHHOM'B yHHiTo- 
jKeniH HaRasanui HHxcHHX'b ^hhobi> najiicaMH (Apx. BoeHHO-cy^H. ynpaane- 
lifl). Bt, oahomb bckputomi> nacBHt HensBibcTHaro noJiAKa Ha ((ipaHayscKOM-b 
si^UKh, KOTopoe 6iiiJio AOBeAeno ao CB'&A'bHiii hmq. AjieKcaH^pa 1 (oho nafi- 
ACHO nocji'b ero CMepxH bi ero Ka^HHex*), ecxb cji^Ayiomee H3B*CTle: „Ilpa- 
BHxejibcxBy 6yAexi> liecBMa xpy^HO HCKopeHHXb ^yxT*, Koxopbift .renepaJi'B 
OpjioBB^ BceJiBJii* BB CBOK) abbhsIk). 3aM'&qaK)xi», Hxo dxo npHBHBaexcji h'b 

SHa^HXeJIBHOft HaCXH apMiH, H Olj^HI^epbl OneHB He^OBOJIbHBl H p'bSKO roBopATi 

npoxHBB DpaBHTeJibcxBa'. HyxHO saMtxHXB, ixo noJtflKH, qaeHLi TafiHaro 
06mecxBa, yipesK^eHHaro JlyKacHHCKHMt hoab HasBanieMB Hai^ioHaJibHaro 
MacoHcxBa, npHHHMaa b1) oOntecxBO o$Hi;epoBB, oGaaMsaaH hxt* ryMaHHO o6- 
xoAHXBca CB coji^axaMH. 
****) La Russie et lea Russes II, 850. 



OqEPKH H31 HGTOPIU UU;!^ A^KA BPHCTOBX. 89 

M. A. BecTTseBi, poTHuft KOMaHAHpi JI. F. MocKOBCKaro nojKa, 
upHffiMi pory OTB npeAMicTHHKa, soTopufl 6ur% kcctok^ cl coi- 
xaiaicH fl Aase Ha yqemn 6hj[i tixi* moMaojiaMH. «iKej[afl nocTaBHTs 
pory Ha hhlix% iipHHUEnaxib>, paacKaBUBaeiii BecTy3KeBT» bi^ cbohxt* 
saoHCKarL, «ji ci nepBaro-:Ke ji^hh yHH^ToacHjrb ynoTpe6j[eHie ee tojlko 
moMnojiOBi, HO jifiLse najiOKi* h posorB. CojiffaTU nepsoHaqajibHO Menfl 
He noHHJiH H npHHHjiH Hoe ryuaHHoe cb hhhh o6paii(eHie sa cjia6ocT&. 
Ho... nocjii BfbciiOj[hKiiLTb cjiyqaeBi HeAoyMiHiH, Bce oSomjiocL Eair& 
HeiBaa ki lyqineMy, h aacjiysHJ'B hxi jiH)6oBb h AOBtpenHocTL. Cy- 
j^niHCB H HaKaauBajiHCb ohh cbohmi cyAOHX, h bii inTpa^Hyio RHery hh 
OAHoro coJwaTa He 6uao sanHcano, laK'b qro h J^aae BacjiyaHJii cxporill 

BiirOBOp'B 8a nOTBOpCTBO nO;tqHHeHHHM'B> *). C. r. BoJIKOHCKifi roBO- 

pnn» Bt CBOHXx aanHcsax'L, qxo bo Bpewn cuiyjKGH na Bojuhh, iiocjrt 
1815 r., owh «cTapajicA BBecTn b'l oTHomeHifl naqajibHHica is,% noj^qH'- 
HeHHUM^B fiojiie MHr&ocTH H TeHJiOTLi: 6ujn» yqiEBi ci> o(|^Hi^epaMB n 
ApyacecKH noneqHTCJieH'B o hhshhx^ qBHaxt, cTapajca sacjiyaaTb 
o6iuee HXB AOBipie h jiio6obl, qero moxho AOCTHqb h 6e3'i> ynaARa 
B% ;^Hc^H^JIHH•i, BonpeKH yStacAeHiio CTapofi, rpy6oa najioqHoft ch- 
cTeMu>. C- MypaBbeBx - Ahoctojit*, CaxajiioHHua KOManAHpt qepHH- 
FOBOBaro noaRa, noKasai'b na cjiiAciBiH: «KpoH'b xopomaro oopan^e- 
HiH H HOMon^e bii HysAaxi, h... HHicaRHX^ cpe^cTB'bHoynoTpeojHji'b^, 
qTo6H npHBHBaTb El ce6i «jiR)4efi qepHHroscKaro nojiKa, orb ao^c- 
Haro se HaRasaHiH aa buhu h coJiji,wrh ocBo6o»AaTb ne mopb, ii6o 
6aTaj[ioHHiifi ROMaHAHpi) He bxoahjii bo BHytpeHHee ynpaBJienie porb (?), 
a najio^Hbifl HaRaaaHis sa ouiiiSrh bo BpeMfl yqemn h, AMcTBHTejbHO, 
yHHqxoaHa'b*. TLo cjioBaM'b 6iorpa(|)a C. MypaBbeBa-Anocxoja, Bb 
CaxajiioHt, 000x0^6016111 noAi* ero ROHaHAOD, «X08JificxB0 611J10 nepe- 
aano B^B pjrh cojrflaxT»; AoOpoxa cepAaa, MflXKoe o6pani;eHie C. H. ci* 
noAqBHeHHUMH cAtiajiH ero jtJofiHMi^eH'b Bcero nojiRa... RopnycHuft 
EOHaHAHpii ABa pasa ero npoAcxaBJijiJi'b B'b nojiKOBbie RonaHAHpu, ho 
BcjiKifi pasT* xntexflo*. 9xo 6ujio cjitAcxBieMT» xoro, qxo C. MypaBbOBi- 
x^nocxoanb cjiysHjrb npesAe bi> pacKaccHpoBaHHOM'b GeMenoBCROM'b 
nojiRy **).Ilo CBHA*xejibCXBy qjena 06niecxBa CoeAHHeHHUx'b CjiaBHH'b 
BopHcoBa 2-ro, C. MypaBbOBTi-Anocxoji'L h BecxyaceB'b-PioMHH'b y64- 
ayiaa'B hx-b cxapaxBCH BHymaxb co-iAaTaM'b jiroCoBb h AOBtpeHHocxb 
Rii ce6b <H o6oAPHXb hxi> bi yHMHin HaAe«Aoft cRopofi nepeMiHbi> . 
HieHT* Toro se ofin^ecxsa Maiopi CnHpHAOBt wh nHCbnt kt. HHROJiaio 
I H3T» RptnocxH, vb ROH^t ABKaGpH 1825 r., roBopHxi: «Heo6xoAHMO 
6u orpaHHqHXb najioqaue no6oH, qxo6bi RaaAwR ho cMiji'b Onxb, KaK'b 
H cROJbRO eny yroAHO». Bo BpeaiH AonpocoB-B CnnpHAOB'b noRasajra, 
TTO «CTporLfl H HenoM'bpHBifl B3EiCRaHiH»y HajiaraeMbiH H-bKOXOpUMH 
HaqajibHHRaMH, RaRoro-6u Majiaro qana ohh hh Cbijih, naBOAHXTi na 
MHCJb, qxo «6brrB coJiAaxa xpe6yexT> HtKOioparo yjiyqmeHia a xt- 



*) .PyccK. Orap.' 1870 r. t. I, H3fl. 3. cip. 266. 
**) .PyccK. Crap." 1873 r., t. VH, 669. 



90 B. £ M E B G K 1 iS. 

jiecHoe HaKasanie — orpaHH^eHia*. Othochtcjilho cojAarL oht* HHKorAa 
He npH6'fcraji'B kl «a:ecTOKoft cTporocTH»; npaBO $ejiL;i;$e6ejiefi h yHrepr*- 
of Hi^epoB'L HaEa3£iBaTi> cojiAarB naiKaMH 6hjio orpaHH^eno, TaE'B 
KaK*L OH^ He MorB ^HaAiflTBca na hxb HpaBCXBeHHOcxB h pascy^H- 
tcjibhoctb; 3a onrH6EH na yqeniH He nosBOJiaji'B HaKasHBaiB CBHme 
HtcKOJiBKHX-B yjnapoBB*, a «3acTaBJiflji'B oSyqaTB xjiaAHOKpoBHO h xep- 
ntiHBOSF. CnHpHfliOB'B vnoMHHaeTB TOM-B, ^TO HHor;i;a 3a KTepn'hjiHBoe 
o6xoa;a,eHie» cb coJutaiaMH «Ha yqeHBH nojiyqaji'B BHroBopH orb 6jih- 
i[aginHxi> Ha^iajiBHiiKOB'B b-b cjiyqai neyAa^Haro yqesBa*, owaico, ne- 
cMOTps Ha 9T0, qacTO ^OJ^TBepaci^aJD['B noA'iHHeHHBiM'B, qTo6Li ohh Ses'B 
Toiiny He jipa-iHCB, ccHJiaacB na cjiOBa, OKasaHHWH hmh. AjieKcaHflpoM'B I 
icopnycHOMy KOMaHAHpy na cMoxpy CapaxoBCKaro nojiita m> ro- 
pojit Ocxporfe: «yqiiTB na^o coJI;^aTa, ne xoponacB, — Micai^'B, ^sa h 
mecTB, HocxeneHHO*. 

Bo3BpamaacB kb npe^nojioaceHiflM'B AeEafipHcxoB^ oxHOCHxejiBHO 
BoeHEMXTi npeo6pa30BaHift, ynoManeM'B o xom-b, qxo, no cBHAtxejiBcxBy 
KH. BojKOecKaro, hmh 6bijio npeAHOjroaeHO <yHHqxoaKeHie npHBHjierH- 
poBaHBLDct BoficK'B», X. e. TBapAiH. 

necTeib xpe6oBaji'B bb «PyccKoft HpaBAi* yHH^xoKenifl BoeHHO- 
i^npoTCKHX'B oxA^JieHift (ttaHxoHHcxoB'B). 06b axoM-B, Katt-B sejaniH 
AesafipuCTOBb, ynoMHHaexT* h SanajiHniHH'B b'b cbohx'b sanHCKax'B. 

B^ *3anHCK'h o rocyAapcxBeHHOM'B npaBjieniH* HecxejiB A^a ox- 
cTaflHMXTi BOHHOB-B HpeAJiaraex^ yqpewAeme HHBajHAHHX'B aomob'b. 

H- II. TypreneB'B b'b «TeopiH hojihxhkh* (q. II, HanncaHHofl 
B'B 1B20 r,) HacxaHBBJi'B na BBeAemn Bceo6mefi bohhckoA hobhr* 
flocxii HJiii KOHCKpHnn;iH. «C'b yMHoatenieM'B apMiH>, roBopHrB owh, 
<HaAo6Bo OuJLO npHotrnyxB k-b xaKT* nasBiBaeMofi kohckphhi^h, 
KOTopofi oTjraqHxejiBHaa qepxa ccxb: pacnpocxpaHenie ofiasaHHOcxH 
cjyjKHTb Ha Bct KJiaccH Hapoiia Boofime, cb niKOxopBiMH qacxHBiMH, 

SaKOHOMTi OnpeAiiieHHBIMH HCEJIWqeHiaMH. JI,JIH BBCAeHia KOHCKpnimiH, 

HJH ofimaro AJiH BchxT* rpaacAan^ pcKpyxcKaro saKona, Ha^Jie- 
3CHTB, qiofifii cocxoHHie coJAaxa 6bijio cooxBtxcxBenHO fijiaropoA- 
HOMy cBOeMy npeAHasHaqeHiio, qxo6H ^hcjio sfkTb cjiysenia 6hjio 
BecBMa orpaHH^eHHoe, qxofiH AHCDiHHjHHa BoeHHaa He Hiiijia HH^ero 
yHiisHiejibHaro h npoq.— TaKOBaa KOHCKpHni^a, hjih ofimift j^ia Bcix-B 
rpaamaHT. aaKOHTb peKpyxcKifi, cymecxByexT> HHHi bo $paHnjH, B'B 
IlpycciHj BB KopojieBCXBi BnpxeMdeprcKOM'B h b'b H'feKOxopHXT* Apyrnx'B 
rocyAapcTBaxi,* *). Hjien-B BOanaro Tafinaro Ofimecxna KpwKOB^ 2-ft 

B'B CBOHX'B HafipOCKaX-B BUCKaBaJICa B'B nOJIBBy XOrO, ^X06bI «B0ftCKO 

Ha6HpaTb KOHCKpHniqflMH», X. e. nocpencrBOMB Bceo6mefi bohh- 
cttofl noBHHHOcxH. TaKyH) noBHHHOcxB coB4xyexT> BBecxH h necxeJiB 
BB *PyccKOii IIpaBA**. •SaBajiHmHH'B b'b oahomb M'bcxi cbohxx sa- 
HHcoKii (I, 171) roBopnxii, qxo AeKa6pHcxBi aejiajiH «o6jierqeHia bohh- 
CBOfi noBHHHOcxH pacHpocxpaHeHieM'B ea na HHOcxpaHHHX'B kojohh- 



*) Tyj^reHeBCKifi Apx. J^fi 1117, ji. 21 o6.— 22. 



L 



OlEPKH H81> UCTOPIH HLJVRA JSfilSJLhTMCIOB'h. 91 

cTOBi, a Bnocjii^ACTBiH u Ha Bci npHBHJierupoBaHHUfl cocjiOBifl»; Bh 
ipyroiTb-ae M4cTb (I, 170—171) ohi Bupaaaeica fiojite KaxeropHqHo: 
«BoeHHofi noBHHHocTii ^OJISHU 6bijih noA-iescaTb OAHHaKOBo Bct pyc- 
CKle rpaacAaHe. PoJ^^ h cxeneHB noBHHHOciH onpe^tJiajiHCB He cocjio- 
BieMi, a KaqecTBeHHUMH jcjioBiaiiu, HSHtHflBiuHMHCfl on> creneHu 
nojiBBBi, KOTopyi) qe.ioB'bR'B HoserB hphhochtb bi> toui> hjih i^pyroM'b 
3BaHiH HJIH 3aHflTiH... Ovh npe^BapHTeiTBHaro cjysKeHifl Bik hhshhx^ 
4HHaxi» hheto He ocBo6oHAaNiicji; pasjinnie coctoajio xoJibRO B'b 6ojite 
hjih MBHte npoAOJi»HTe.ibHOMi> BpeMeHH. — Biopoe ycjiOBie coctohjio bi> 
TOMX, htoSh c6jih3htb no bo3mo»hocth ycxpoflcTBo nocxoflHHaro BOft- 
cKa CB HapoflHUM'B, X. e. CB onoa'ieaieM'B. IIoaxoMy BCHKaa cjiyacGa 
;(OJnKHa 6Bi.ia Ha^HHaxBCH h ORaH^HsaxBca b'b HtcxHurB BodcRax'B>. 
B'B nporpaMM* npeo6pa80BaHift, Hafl;^eHHO* b^ fiyMarax'B Tpy- 
6eiutaro, BHCKaaaHu Gbijih csfbj^jiom^a xpe6oBaHia: 1) «ypaBHeHie pe- 

KpyXCROfi nOBHHHOCXH MBHC^y BCtMH COCJIOBiHMH», 2) «yHHqX03KeHLe 

nocxoflHHOlt apMiH» h 3) «o6pa30BaHie BHyxpeHneft cxpasH» *). 

JteKaSpncxu eAHHOJtyniHO BHCKaaajiHCB aa yHHHxoaeHie BoeHHBiTB no- 
cejicHiB.B'B «PyccRoft IIpaBffb* IlecxeJM mh naxoAHM-B BecsMa RpacHopt- 
MByio cxpaHHi^y no axoMy npeAwexy. HHRHxa MypaBBeB-B, xpe6ya b'b 
cBoeifB npoeRTb ROHcxHxy^iH neMe^JieHHaro yHHixosceHiA BoeHHBunb no- 
cejienifi, npeAJiaraji'B ypaBHaxB BoeHHBixi> nocejiHH'B cb rocyi^apcxBeHHBiHH 
H yj(%jBBBiMH RpecxbflHatfH. 06% yHHHxoaceHiH BoenHUX'B noceJieHLft yno- 

MHHaeXCH H BT> CHHCR'b HpeAHOJIOSeHHLIX'B pe^OpBfB, HafiACHHOlfB B'B 

eyMarax-B Tpy6ei^Roro, h b'b nepe^nii HaMi^eHHHX'B npeofipasoBaHifi, 
coo6iuaeMOM'B A. M. MypaBBeBBnfB. BaxenbROB'B npeAJiarajiii o6paxHXB 
BoeHHBifl nocejieHifl B'B Hapo^Hyio cxpazsy bjih b'b HapoAHyio XBapji^iH}. 

JlyHHH'B ynOMHHaeTB O Xpe60BaHiH AeRa6pHCX0B'B, «qX06BI BOeHHBIH 

nocejieHiji, He AocxHrann^ifl nepBOHaqajoiBHoM ujkjm, SessaROHHUH b'b 
cBoeiTb ocHOBaHiH, Chjih yHH^xoaceHBi B'B oxBpan^enie hobbixx sjio- 

AtftCTFB H npOJinxifl KpOBH». 



*) BaBajiBniHH'B npoBOAHJii> cpe^H of^HqepoBB MUCJib o .Hapoi^HOMB 

BOflCKi^'' (I. 216). Mop^KB TopCOH'B BB SEM'bHaHixX'b Ha npoeKT-B KOHCTHXyitiH 

H. MypaBbeBa noApo6HO paacHoxp'^Ji'B Bonpocb o HHJiHi;iH (Cm. .Bbuxoe" 
1906 r. }i 2, 103—104). TaRi xaRi* BoeHHaa cjiyaK6a npn HanojieoH'b (SbiJia 
Kpaflne TsirocTHa ^aa nacejieHiH <I>paHalH, to JlioAOBHK'b XVIII xapTieio 1814 r. 
yHHHTosHJE'B ROHCRpHnqii) H ycTaHOBHJi'B Ao6poBOJibHyK> Bep6oBKy; rBapAiH, 
KaB&sepiA H cneipaJiBHbie poABi BOflcRa Ha6HpaJiHCb aTHM-B cnoco(5oM'B; ho 

TaK'B RaJTB OHl) HO yAOBJteTBOpjIJI'b ]I0Tpe6H0CTH B'B HOnOJIHeHlH BOfiCKa, TO 

saKCHii 1816 r. ycTaHOBHJii> Ha6opi> 40,000 nejiOB'bR'B no 3Kpe6ix> bbt, Bctxi» 
Moao^bix'B Juo;iefl 20-TH-Ji'bTHAro BoapacTa. He BBiHyBmie xpe6iA naBcer^a 
ocBo6oacAaJiHCB orb BoeHHoft cjiysc^u. J]^o6poBOJii>Ha« Haeu xa yMOHbrnajia hhcjio 
npHBUsaeiCBiz'B. Gaillon, Lee ccmplots militaires, p. 23—24. Apn^rb Qpe;tJia- 
rajn* aaMi^Hy npyccRoA apMiH MHJiHiiieK), bi> poj^'b mBe^cKoft. Treitschke 
Keutsehe Geschichte II, 5 Aiifl. S. 442. 



92 B. C E M E B C K I ft. 

VII. 

JI|eKa6pHCTLi 6BIJIH ropaqHME samHTHHsaMH cbo6oto ne^aTH. Ho aroMy 
Bonpocy BT, PocciH y evltl Sbijeo ne mhofo npeAinecTBeHHHKOB-B. HanSo- 
jite TaJiaHTJiHBHM^ HB-B HHXT> 6Hjhy A. H. Paj^nmeB'B, BBicKaaaBfflificfl wb 
CBoeMT» snaMeHHTOM'B «nyTeiDecTBiH h3'l Eexepfiypra b'b MocKBy* aa noj- 
Hyio cBo6oAy neqain, ne HciuiOHaa BonpocoB'B pejiHrin h npaBCTBenHO- 
CTH. CoquHCHie Pa^HmeBa Shjio yHH^Toaceno, ho nicKOJibKO Aecax- 
EOB-L oKaeMiuiapoB'B ero KHHrn yiitjiijio, pacnpocTpaneHLi 6bijih h pyKO- 
HHCHUfl ea KoniH, h ona 0Ka3ajia BJiflHie na name o6mecTBo; He Asi- 
poM-L UymKHHt saMiTHji'L, qxo «Pa;[^HmeB'B, pa6cTBa BparB, n;eH3ypu 
H36iKajn>». K-B qacjiy BH^aiomnxcfl jihi^'l, snaKOMLix'B bt* na^aji* 
XIX b. CTb coHHHeHieM'B PaAHiueBa, noBHAHMOMy, npHHaAJieacajTb h 
CnepancKifi *). BecBMa BOSMoacHo, hto OT^acTH noii;:B BJiiameM'B H^efi 
Pa^HmeBa CnepancKifi, xapaKTepnaya B'B SanncKt 1803 r. ocHOBHwa 
qepxH «rocyAapcTBeHflaro aaKona* (t. e. KOHCTHTyii;m) BTb «npaBHjiB- 
HOMt MOHapxHqecKOM'B rQcyAapcTBi», yKaauimjit na to, qio oahok> 
HSTi laEHX^ neprt aBjiHeTca cyn^ecTBOBaHie «cbo6oabi THCHenia b'b 

USB'feCTHIJX'B, Oh TOqHOCTBK) OnpCA'bJieHHHX'B TpaHHU.aX'B* **). 9 flHBapa 

1804 r. Bt KOMHcciK), cocTaBjiflBinyH) n;eH3ypHHS ycxaB-B, 6Lijia no- 
Aana sanncKa, HeHSBicxHBjfi aBxcp^B Koxopofi xpefioBaJn yHH^ToaceHia 
i^eH3ypH, CB060AH ne^axH ***). B'b dxom'b ace roji;y bt* aYpHa.Tb 
MapxuHOBa «C'feBepHHfl B'kcxHHK'L» ****) 6hjio noMimeno «MH'feHie 
DiBeAcaaro KopojiH Fycxaea III bojibhocth KHHroneqaxanifl*. Oho 
BHOJiHi 6jiaronpiaxHo CBoeoA* neqaxH *'5^***), qxo BecbMa ecxecxBCHHO, 
xaiCB KaK'B B'B IIlBei^iH panie BC'tx'B eBponeficKHX'B KOHxiineHxajiB- 
Hhix'B rocyAapcxB'B 6LiJia npHSHana aaKOHOM'B CBofiona neiaxH. Ila- 
parpa^-B 86 KOHcxaxyuiH 1766 r. nocxanoBJiflexTi, qxo'<cnoAi> cbo6o- 
Aoft ne^axH noHHMaexcji npaBO Kas^aro niBe^a HSAaBaxB neqaxnua 
npoH3BeAeHia>, qeny rocyAapcxBeHHaa Bjiacxb npenaxcxBOBaxb ne 
MoaceTB. TojibKO nocjii HSAaniA OHb Mosex'b 6bixb npHBjieqeH'B k'b 
oxB'ixcTBeHHOCXH KOMHexeHXHLiM'b cyftbefi H juanib B'b xaKOM'b cjiyqa'b 



*) Cm. mok) craxbK) ^JTlepBiiifl noJiHTHHecKift TpaKTaT-B CnepaHCKaro*. 
.PyccK. BoraTCTBO", 1907 r. Ke 1, cxp. 47, 57. , 

♦•) Ho, KOHeHHO, axH MHCJiH MOFJiH 6kTfa HaB-feaHU CnepaHCKOMy h hto- 
HieMi» npoB3BeAeHifi BeHxaMa bo ^paHixyscKOMi* hsa- A^oMona. 

***) MHHHCxp'B npHKasaji'B He j^oKJia^BiBaxb e^ b'b FjiaBHOMi npasjieHiH 
yHnjiBm-b; ona HaneHaxana OyxoMJiHHOBMM'b Bt ero .Hacji'fejiOBaHiax'b**, 1, 
410—416. 

**•* H. m, cxp. 201-206. 
•****) »npH cbo6o;;homt» tojibko KHHroneHaxaHiH,-~roBopHrB PycxaB-B Ul, — 
rocyAapb ysHaex'L HCXHHy, KOxopyK) cRpuBaiorB oxt» Hero cb xasHM'b xma- 
HieMTj H, eecBMa nacxo, cb BejiHKHMT> ycn-fexoM-b*. 



oqBPKU 113^ HCTOPIH HA^M AB&ABPHCTOB'b. 93 

MQsen noj^jieHcaTB HaKaaaMiio, ecjiu ero co^HHeHia oueBHAHo Bapj- 
maiDTB saROHTi, HSAaHHufi ji^jui o6e3ne^eHlA oSiuecTBenHaro cnoRott- 
cTBiii, HO 6eB'B crbcHeHiA oCn^aro npocBtmeflifl. Tojibko npoTOKOJU 
rocjAapcTBeHHaro coBtxa, a raKKe y Kopojia no AHnjiOMaTiiqecEHM'b 
itjfaiTb R ROMaHAOBaniK) apMiefi h, HaKonei^'B, nporosojiu h aRTu 
6aHRa H ynpaBJieRLa rocjAapcTBeHHUMH AOJiraMH cocTaBjuiiDrB Tafiny; 
Bct ocTaiBHHe AORyMeHTU H npoTOROJiH MoryrB 6uTb neiaxaeMu *). 
Hdik CTaxbH ^CiBepnaro BtcTHHRa» qHTareJiH mofjih y3HaTJ>, ^to 
FycTaBi III oco6eHHo yRaauBaii na Heo6zoABMOCTb ajia oGmecTBa 
3HaTi» Bce npoHSBOACTBO A'bJii> Bi» cy^arb h Bci cyAe6Hhie npHroBopu, 
H nepeBOA^HR'B A*JiaeTB otb ce6fl npHM*qaHie o KejiaTCJibHocTH oCna- 
po;ioBaHiji npnroBopoB'b, ocoSchho no jitJiaMi yrojOBHUMi, bt* noj- 
HOMx bha*. Ob'b cHHTaerb neofixoAHMUM'b nepioAHiecRoe HaAaaie ji.iB 
neqaxamji bthx'b npnroBopoB'b bt> BUjiib «IIaMflTHHRa PoccificHaro 
npaBocyAifl». 

B-b o$$HiiiajibHOjrB cC-neTepeyprcKOM-b JKypnaji** (1804 r., $^b- 
paj[b) 6ujia noMi^ena cTaTbn «0 cBo6oA'ib RHHroneqaTanifl* mi* 
Benxaifa, a Baitirb, bi 1805 — 11 roAaxi HaneqaxaHbi co^HHeBia 
BeHTaiia noA'b sarjiaBieM'b «Pa3cy«AeHie o rpasRAancROM'b h yrojoB- 
HOMii 3aROHonojioseHiH», H3AaHHoe B'b Tpezii TOHaxi, no noBejiinlD 
rocyAapa. n B'b nepesoA* nocBnn^eHHoe eiiy. 3Atcb B'b cHaiajiax'b 
yrojiOBHaro yjioxenia^ (HI, 23—25) pyccKie qHTaiejiH mofjih osnaRO- 
MHTbCfl ex cji'bAynnj^HMH MbicjiHMH: «CpaBHH npaBJieHJa, rAt cTbcnajiH 
oSnapoAOBaHiH mkecjih cb npaBJieHiaMH, roh Aasajiu hm% CBo6oAHoe 
Teqenle. C-b oAHoft cxopoHH npeAciaBHTca Te64 Hcnania, nopxyrajiiH, 
HiajiLa— Cb Apyroti Anrjia **), ToJiJiaHAia, CiBepnaa AMepnRa. Ta* 
6ojiie nponB-hTaerb HpaBCTBeHHocxb h 6jiarococxoaHie? Fa* name 
anoAianiflV rA:b o6niesHxejibHocxb npiaxnte n HaAesHte?» BenxaM'b 
BospaacaeTb npoxHB'b BocxBa^ienitt npaBjenia acpeaoB'b B'b ApeBHeMi> 
Eranrt, 6paMiiH0B'b B'b IlM.aocxaH'b h ieaynxoBi) B'b IlaparBa'k Oht. 

*) no § 108 KOHCTHTyuin 0Hepe;iHUfl peflxcxarb, cosbiBaeMufl B'b Ka«AMft 
Tperifl roA'b, oCaaaH-b HaauaHaTb KOMHxex-b, o6eperaK)mift cBo6o;iy ne^aTn h 
cocToaniifl h3t» yuojiHOMo^eHHaro ott, MHHHcxepcTBa locTHiiiu a G qjieHOBi, 
Bu6paHHbix'b peflxcTaroMT». Abtop'b hjih Tnnorpa(j)CHHK'b Moryrb (ho He o6a- 
3aHM) npe^cTaBJWTb KOHHTeTy pyKonncb ;;o HaneHaxaHia a, ecjia ohi* Hafl;^e•n, 
B08uosEbiM'b ea ony6jiHK0BaHie h Bw;iacrb o tomt* CBHxbTejibCTBO, to ohh 
0CB06oacjiai0TCfl ott> BcaKOfl oTBtxcTBeHHOCTH. SaKOHi* 16 iiDjia 1812 r. orpa- 
HHHHJi'b CBo6o,iy iiesaTi!, xaK-b icaicb npe40CTaBHjn> KopojiK) npaao npoKpa- 
u^aTb Ceai* cy^a UfpioAHMecKia HSAaHia, yri)03Kaiomia o6meft CesonacaocTH 
BJiB 0CK0p6aTejibHbia „;t.ifl HeBUHHux'b JiH^nocTefl". Aschehon^. Das 
Statarecht der vereinigten Konig^reich Schweden nnd Norwegen bt> HJ^aaia 
Marquardsen'a. Handl.uch dcs olfentluthen Rcfhis. IV Band. Das stats- 
recht der ausserdeutsjheii Staaien. II llulbband, i2 Abtheilunj^, 18.-^(5 r., S. 101. 
**) pasBHTia cbo6oau noqaxH bt* Anrjiiii cm. KHHry Thomas Erskine 
May. Histoire Coiistitutiom»)Io de TAiiijleteiTe 1760— IbOO, trad, par C. de 
Witt. P. 1866, ch. IX— X ii ct. 3. B. A « P lo jk u h c i: a r o .CnnOoAa iiciaTK 
a cyAT> npHcaacHhix'b wh AHrjiia'' bi» ero KHur-fi „II.jt> licTopiu iioJiiini'iotKoC 
CBo6oAbi Bi> AHFJiiH u cl>pani;iir. Cri6., 1*JU6 r. 



94 B. CEMEBCKlft. 

yKasHBaen* na to, ^to «HapoAH, koh HenpecxaHHo oujir yAepsn- 
BaeMH Bt cocTOflHiH yHH^HmeHifl ycTaHOBjieHiflMH, hpothbehmh ycirh- 
xaMT* BCflKaro po^a, coA^iiuBajiHCb ;^o6HHeE) napoAOBt, HMtBraHXi> 
npe^'B HHMH cpaBHHxejibHoe npeBocxoAcxBO. CocTapHBaflCB b'b ff-bxcTBt, 
^o;^'L BjiacxiK) oneKynoBi, cxapaBfflHXca npoffJinxL hxt* HecMucjieH- 
HOCXL fljji y;^o6Hififfla^o hmh ynpaBJiema, ohh npe^cxasHjiH bc4 y;i;o6- 
HOCTH Kt HXT) nopa6omeHiK)». 3a sxhm'b bi noAJiHHHHKi cjit;iiOBajio 
oqeHb cHjiLHoe iiicxo npoxHBT> i;eH3ypH, Koxopoe vh pyccKOMTb H3fl;a- 
Hin (1805 — 11 r). 6hjio HCOioqeHO. Oho Aaace h Bt Hacxoa^^ee Bpe- 
Mfl coxpanHJio 3HaieHie. 

«CBo6oAa neqaiH HMterb cboh HeyAo6cTBa. Ho npH sceMi) tomI) speAi}, 
Morymifi npoHsofiTH orb hch, nejiban cpasHHsaTb cb epeAOMis orb ueHsypu. 

„rflt Bbi HaflAexe raKoro p-fejiKaro rcHiH, lorb ewciuift yMi, loro CMcpr- 
«aro, AocrynHaro Ji;i5i ecfexT. HCTHH-b h HeflocTynnaro ajih ecfex-b crpacreft, 
KOTopoMy 6bi Bbi MorjiH nopyqHTb ary Bbicmyio jWKxaTypy Hafl-b BctiiH npo- 
H3BeAeHiflMH qejicBtnecKaro yina? Hey>Ke;iH bw AyMaeie, hto J1okkt>, JleflSuHUT., 
HbioTOH-b ptiuHJiHCb 6w BSflTb Ha ce6H axy AHKiaxypy? M B'b mcm-b cocxoHrb 
B.iacxb, KOTOpyio bw npHHyjKAeHw ^axb ;iK)AflM'b o6biKHOBeHHbiM'b? 9xo — B;iacxb. 

m> HCnO^IHCHlH KOXOpofl, no HeH36t>KHOft CXpaHHOCXH, SaKJUOHaiOXCH BCfe npH- 

MHHbi K-b HapymeHiK) CBoeft o6fl3aHHOcxH h Bct 0T;iHqHxe;ibHbi$i qepxu Hecnpa- 
BCAJIMBOCXH. Mxo xaKOc ueHBopi*? 9x0 cyAbH saHHxepecGBaHHbifl, CyAbH eAHH- 
cxBeHHbifl, cyAbH, AtflcxByioiuifl no npoHSBOJiy, npoHSBOAfliuifl cbok) cyAe6Hyio 
npoueAypy xaflHO, ocy}KAaK)iuifl 6e3'b sbicjiyiiiaHiH aoboaobI) h ptmaiomitt 6631) 
aneJiJiflUiH. TaflHa, Be;iH^aOmee Hs-b 3Aoynoxpe6jieHifl, ecxb caMan cymHOCXb sxoti 
BciuH. SacxaBHXb bccxh ny6jiHMH0 npoueccb o KHHrt, sxo 3HaqH;io 6bi ny6;iHK0- 
Baxb ee a^h xoro, qxo6bi ysnaxb— naAO jih ee ny6;iHK0Baxb. 

;,4xo Kacaexcfl ao spcAa, Koxopwfl momccxti npoHSOflXH H3b ueHsypw, 9Xoro 
BpcAa HeB03MO}KHo HC«iHCJiHXb, HoxoMy Hxo HeB03M0>KH0 CKasaxb, TA* offb ocxa- 
HaBJiHBaexcH. 9xo— He mxo hhoc, KaK-b onacHOCXb ocxauoBHXb Bct ycntxH mcjio- 
BtMecKaro yMa bo Bctxi> ero o6;iacxflX'b. BcnKasi ;iio6onbixHafl h noBan HCXHHa 
AojiMCHa HMtxb MHoro BparoBi* no oAHOMy xoMy, hxo OHa ;iK)6onbixHa h HOBa. 
Mo>KHO JiH npeAnoAO)KHXb, ' Hxo uensopi) npHHaAAeHCHxi> ki xoMy 6e3KOHeMHO- 
HCMHoroHHCJieHHOMy KJiaccy JiioAefl, Koxopufl BosBumaexcH naAi. rocnoAcxByio- 
mHMi^ npeApa3cyAKaMH? M ecjiH 6bi y nero Aawe 6biJia 9xa cxo;ib ptAKaa CHJia 
yMa, 6yAeTT» ;ih y Hero My>KecxB0 noABepraxb ce6fl onacHOCXH H3b-3a oxKpwxifl, 
c;iaBa Koxopwx-b 6yAexT> npHHaAiiewaxb He eMy? Rjin nero ocxaexcji oahht. 6e3- 
onacHwfl HcxoAb: axo — sanpemaxb Bce xo, Hto BWAtJinexcH hsi pHAa xoAflHHX-b 
noHHxifl, Ha;iaraxb cbok) p-fencymyK) Kocy na Bce, hxo cxanoBHxcH Bume HX-b. 
3anpema5i, oht> ne pHCKyexi HHMtM-b; nosBOASiH, OH-b pHCKyexT> BCtMi). Bb cny- 
nat coMHHxejibHOM-b noxepoMXT* He OHi: noAaBJiena 6yAexT> HCXHHa... 

• McxHHHaH, Hacxofliuafl iieH3ypa ecxb uensypa npocBtuieHHaro o6mecxBa^ 
Koxopaii npeAaexii ocyxcAeHiio onacHbifl h jiomchuh MHtnisi h Koxopan noompsierb 
no;ie3HbiH oxKpbuifl *). 

HHxaxejH, anaKOMbie cl npoHSBeAeHlaMH Benxawa jHrab no pyc- 
cKOMy nepeBOAy, 6hjih jrameHH y^OBOJibcxBia npoiecxb axo CHJibHoe 
Mtcxo, HO BTb Ilexep6ypr'b, HeMe^JieHHO no buxoa* b-l cwkrh aarpa- 
EVLUfii $paHii;y3CKaro nsAaHia ^roMona, 6bl3o pacKynjieHo o^eHb MHoro 



*) „H36paHHua co^HHenia lepeMin BenxaMa, t. I. IlepeaoA'b (no anrjiifl- 
cKCMy HB^aHiK) BoypHHra n ^pani^yacKOMy flioMOHa) A. H. riunHHa h A. H. 
HeBtj^OMCKaro*'. Cn6., 1867, crp. 583—685. 






O^BPKa BS'B HCTOPIH hfl^IsA A^KABPHCTOB'B. 95 

dicaeifnjTflpoB^, h, cjiibAOBaxeJibHo, RpacHop'bqHBaH Bujassa BeHTana 
npoTHB^ i^eHsypH ^oJOiHa 6HJia upoHSBecTH cBoe BJMHie h wh Poccie. 
HysHO BaMiTHTL, BnpoqeM'B, ^xo nocjitAHfla mhcjib BeHiaMa (^hu- 
CToamaa i^ensypa— ecxb ueHsypa npocBtmeHHaro o6mecTBa») 6ujia 
BUCKasaHa y HacB emfi PaAHiaeBiiiMi> bi ero snaMeHHTofi KHHrb 
(1790 r.): «Ii,efl3ypane«!aTEiBaeMaro npHHaAJieiKHTL oCmecTBy: oho ^acTL 
coqHHHTejoD B^Hei^nb hjiu ynoTpefinrB jiuctu na o6epTKH». 

06cy2EAafl Aa^te bi* TOBn»secoqHHeHiiiBonpoc'Bo6T» o6ii;HrBnpeAo- 

CTOpOSHOCTATB npOTHBl 8J[0yn0Tpe6jieHifi BJiaCTH, BeHTaiCB bhobb Tv- 

BopHTb CBo6oAt ne^aiH. Owh yKaauBaerB Ha to, ^o npocTott 

3i{paB£lfi GMUCJI'B jQiSBimeTb Vb He06X0AHM0CTH BMCJiyrnHBaXB BCt 

coBtxH, a Bxo H 8Ha^HTT> AonycxHXb cBo6oAy ne^axH. MHtnie nyejiHKH 
nojieBHo 3HaxB h xoxAa, Rorja HSBicxnafl u%pa yse npuHJixa; dxo 
ropasAO nojiedH'le h ji,r& rocyAapn, ^^a-b «A03B0JieHHafl cBo6oAa no- 
Aa^H npocBC'B*. Onacaroxca, ixo, ocyamaH Kaityio-HHSyjiB Mtpy, dyAyxi 
HanaAaxB h Ha xirL, kxo ee npuHHJi'B. 3th «cxpaxH caM0J[D6iH» 
flBJUiiDTCfl npH^HHOK) xoTo, ?xo xaKi pi^KO AonycRaK)xi cBo6oAy ne- 
qaxH, necMOxpfl na en oqeBHAHyio nojiBsy. OAHaKO se, €Ioch(j[)'b II, 
4>pHAepHK'B II BBeAemeiTB ea 03HaMeHOBajiu cboh uapcxBOBania *). 
Ona cymecxByex^ bi niBei^ia; ona cymecxByex'B Bt AHrjiiir, ona 
M0sexT> cyntecTBOBaxB noBCDAy cb HiROxopLiMH orpaHHqeHlauH, ko- 
xopufl 6u npeAynpeasAajiH BaacHHH 3J[oynoxpe6jieHiA OHofi». OAHaKO, 
AOHycKaflBosMoiKHOcxBxaKBX^ orpaHH^enifi, BeHxam ne coqyBcxByex^ 
nLWh H yBasBiBaexTk na xo, qxo ohh hphboahjih r'b coBepmeHHO o6paT- 
ran-B nodtACXBiflifB cpaBHHxejTBHO cb x^mt*, paAH ^ero ohh 6ujlr 
ycxanoBJieHH **). 

I],eH3ypHBifi ycxaBX 9 iiojiH 1804 r., xoxa oh^ h 6ujn> Marqe 
ndtji/jyiontHXT* i^enoypHBixi) ycxaBOB'B ***), Bce ace 6hijn> 0CH0BaH^ 
Ha npa.BHJiaxT» npeABapHTejiBHaro pascMOTpi^Hiji neqaTaH)iUHXCH b-b 
PocciH co^HHemfl. Oh'b BUSBaji'B coqyBCTBeHHue otsubli KapaMSHna 
u Ka^eHOBCKaro ****), ho IIhhh'b, qeJioBiKi cBoGoAnaro ofipasa 
MMCjefi, He 6HjrB hmt* yAOBjeTBopen^. Bi cts^tb* «CoqHHHTeJiB h 
UeHiopii, nepeBOA^ cb MaHgacypcKarox>, oh'b OTMi^aerb B03MoacHOCTi> 
neHBypnaro npoH3BOJia h yKasHBaerB na to, ^to BMtcxo oxBiT- 

CTBCHHOCXH UCHBOpa *****) MOJKHO 6bIJI0 6lI VCTaHOBHTb GTBtXCXBeHHCJcXB 



♦) 3tO HeB-fepHO: HH TOTT» HH jpyrOH HO yHHHTOMCaJIH UeilSypLI, a TOJIbKO 

CMHFiHJiH ee. Cm. Biedermann. i)eut*chland im XVIII Jahrhundert, Bd. I, 
1880, 2 Aufl., S. 124—U8. 

**) »Pa3cy»c;ieHie o rpaacAancKOMt h yroJiOBHOMt saKOHonojiOKeHiH com. 
lepeidH BenraMa. h3A- na ^panuyacK. .qsbiK'b j1k>mohomi> QopyKonHCAifB, OTit 
asTopa SMy j^ocxaBJieRHUM'b*, nepeBOAi> M- MHxa(iJioBa, t. Ill, 1811 r., 
CTp. 222—223. 

♦**) n. C. 3. XXVm. NI 21388, cp. CyxoMJiHHOBT. .IhcJiliAOBaaw" 
1, 404—416. 

*♦*•) .BtcTenK-B Eeponti*, 18U4 r, »i. XVIII, H0H(5pb, cip. 70, 1805 r., 
(feBpaJiB, cip. 199—204. 
***•*) Bi> CT. 16 z^eHsypHaro ycxaaa roBOpiiTCH o^t OTBticTBeHHccTH uoh- 



96 B. C E M E B C K I It. 

aETopa (cA^arB, TaiLHirb odpasoxi, HeHjXHOio npeABaperejUiHyi) 
ncHsypy) *). DpeACKaaame IlHBHa BnojiHt nojH'BepiHJOCL ueHsyp- 
HOK) upaKTHKOK) nocjitAyK>niaro BpeiceHH; Bcero speAHie 6ujo to, qro 
Bi 1818 r. sanpenieHO 6uso OHcaTb (jLSLjn> sa, TasT. h upothb'b) h 
Kp'bnocTHOMi* npast, * h o npeo6pa80BaHiH rocyjiapcTBeHHaFO 
crpofl **), — fljijTh Bonpocaxi, HaB6ojiie HHrepecoBaBniHrB pyccKoe 
o6pa80BaHHoe ofimecxBO Toro BpeiieHH. 

XopomflM'B npaBHJiOM'B i^eH3ypHare ycTaea 1804 r. 6£iJio to, 

qTO BHOCTpaHHBIfl KHHrH, IipflB03HMUJi H3l-8a FpaHHipi ]tJUi ^aCT- 

mux'h ]ims;b, i^eHsypHOMy AOCMorpy He noABepraiHCb, a KHHTonpo- 
AaBi^u j^ojisHu 6ujiH OTBtqaTb sa npoAaacy KHHrB, iipothbhutb 
nensypHOMy ycTaay (a. 27): sto, KOHe^HO, jrkjiajo ropasAO SoJite 
jierKHMi pacnpocTpaneHie j[E6epaju»H£unE» RHHrB, HHOcrpaHHue se 
:KypHajiu noAJKeHajtH ueHsyp'fa, yqpeiKAeHHoft npn no^TaHrarB (it. 9). 
H. H. TypreHesir ynoMHHaerb o cjiyqaaxi sa^i^epsaHiii HHOCTpaH- 
Hux^ raserB, qto xe RacaeTCH BUxoAflmHrB 8a rpaHB]](eH) khhtb, 
He cooTB'ikTCTByDniHX^ HamBMi* i^ensypHUM'B upasHJiaM'By to, RpoMt 
nojiyqeHiA bxti qpe8'B RHHronpoAaBi^eB'B, 6uxb b enie oabh% nyrb 
Hx^ npioGpi^TeHifl: Hamn MopcRie o^Huepu hphbosbjih cl co6od, no 
Rpafinefi irbpt, bi> nepBofi aojiOBBHt 1820-x^ roAOB7», rhbtb, roto- 
puH 6l]jio Tpy^HO npio6picTH BHaqe, h pacnpoAasajiH hx^. TaKBirb 
oepaBOM'b, BHOCTpaHHUfl JHTcpaTypH MorjiH BjiflTL Ha pyccRoe o6me- 
CTBO, B Mu BBAtjiB, RaRie aBTopu 6uJiB Haafiojiie nonyjupHU cpejiH 
AeRa6pBCT0B'B "^**). IIpaBAa, ^paHayscRafl .iBTepaTypa, HaB6ojite y nacrb 
AOCTynHafl, dJiaroAapA mBpoROMy pacnpocrpaHeHiK) $paHity3CRaro 
iidURa, 6ujia, ao nepBaro HHSJoseniH HanojieoHa, Rpafine CTtcnena 
B^ caMofi ^panitiB npaBBTCJibCTBeHHHMi npoHBBOJroMi ****). Ho npo- 
BSBeAenia $paHi^y8CRBX^ aBTopoB'B, saupemeHHua bo ^paniuH, ne- 
qaTajiBCb 3a rpaneiiefi: TaR'B, HanpHM'Ip'B, sanpen^enHoe bo ^pani^B 
coqBHeflie r-SH Cxajib o TepMaHiB 6ujlo Bs^aHO bti JIohaoh* 
BT* 1813 r. 

CBo6oAa neqaTB bo ^panaui 6HJia BOSCTaHOBjena ROHCTHTy^ioH- 
hoio xapiieft 4 Ibohh 1814 r., ROTopoio 6Hao nocTanoBJieHo: «#paH- 

3opa, nponycTHBiDaro coiHHeHie, nponiBHoe „3aK0Hy Boaiio, npaBjenii), 
HpaecTBeHHOCTH H JiHHHOfl ^ecTH KaKoro-JiH6o rpaHCAaHHHa". 

*) .^ypHajn> Poc. CjiOBecHOCTH" 1805 r., XII. CxaxbH axa nepene^a- 
Tana M. K. JleMKe bi> .Mip* BoxieMi.*, 1904 r., >fe 11, cTp. 60—62. 

**) 3 Mas 1818 r. b-b pChh* OreHecTBa" noflBHJiacb CTaxbH KyHHabiHa 
,0 KOHCTHTynia*, a 14 vaH roro xe ro^a 6m no paa-bflCHeno, hto .060 Bceut, 
KacaiomeMCH iipaBHTejitcTBa, moxho nHcaxb TOJibKo no bojiI^ caMoro npasH- 
TejibCTBa, KOTopoMy Jiyqine HSBtcxHo, hxo b Ror;ia coofiiUHXb ny6jiBK*; 
HacxHUMt xe jiimaMi* ne cjitAyeT-b uHcaxb noJiHXHHecKHX'b npe^MexaxT. 
HH 3a, HH npoxiiBTii H xo, H Apyroe Hepti^TiKo 6wBaexT> o;^nnaKOBO Bpe^Ho, 
;;aBafl ^oBo;^•b k-b pasjiHiBbiM-b To.iTcaM'b h 3aKJiioHeHiflM'b*. 
***) Cm. MOfo cxaxbK) bb „Pyc. Bor.* 1907 r., Ms 10. 

***•*) Cm. Wel8chinger „La censure sous le premier Empire" P. 1882 
H cxaxbK) 66'b 3xofl KHurt B. 8. /^epioxHHCKaro B'b ero KHHrii .Ha-b HCXopiH 
noJinxHHecKofl cboCoau m» AnrjiiH 11 <l>paHitiH", Cn6. 1906. 



OOTPKH HS-L HCT0PIH HAK8 J^BKABPHCTOB^. 97 

^y8H Birtiorb npaBO nyfijiHKOBaTB h neqaraxB cboh uwkniSy coofipa- 
ayncB CB .laKoeaMH, KoxopHe ;^OJISHH ^0J^aBJIaTb BJioynoTpefijeHifl 
aroK) CBo6ojioi)». UpaBHieJibCTBO JIro;iOBHKa XVIII ywe yciiijo aa- 
KOHOiTB 21 OKTflfipa 1814 r. BBecTH npejiBapuTeJiLHyro i^eHsypy njia 
Bcix'b KHHrb Meate 20-th ne^iaTHHXB jihctob^ *), no caMO 6ujio 
HHSBeprHyro HanojieoaoMX. Ilocjrt 100 hhqA, bo BpeMH eotophxti 
nenaiB nojn>30BajiacB noJinMraeH) cbo6o;iok), JliojiflBmvb XVIII op^o- 
HaHcoiTB 20 liDJUi 1815 r. HSMi^HHJi'B npexHifi saROH'B ixeH3ypoBa* 

HIH KHHTB oCxeMOM'L Mente 20-TH JIHCTOBT*, HO SaKOHOMt 9 Hoa6pfl 

1815 r. 6Hjia ycTaHOBJiena c^uan cTporaa npe^BapnTejiBHafl i^eH- 
3ypa **), KOTopan, onaaKo, BaKonaMH 17 h 26 Maa h 9 iiOHfl 1819 r. 
6ujia sairbHeHa HaKaaameM'B npecTynjeHift h npocTynKOBT» iieqaxH 
no noGTanoBJieHiK) cy^a npHcasHux^, a 3a AH$(I)aMauiK) h ocRop^jie- 
lie ^acTHHxx jihi(i— TpnfiyHajioBi. HcnpaBHteJibHoft noJiHi^iH ***). 
OjHaKo, nocjrt y6iflcTBa JlyBejieMx repAora BeppiflcKaro (13 $6- 
Bpajia 1820 r.) BaKOHavH 31 Mapxa 1820 r. h 26 iiojia 1821 r. 
BOSBpaTHiTHCb BHOBb jifiK nepioAH^ecEHrB H3AaHifl Ki> npe^BapHTejib- 
Hol i^eHayp-fe. 3aK0H^ 17 MapTa 1822 r. TpefioBa^Tb paspimeHifl ko- 
pojTfl ]iflsi nepioAH^ecRHX'Er HBAanifl, npej^ocTaBJiaji'L eMy iipaBo bob- 

CraHOBJIflTb I^eHBypy yKa30M^, KOHTpaCCHPHHpOBaHHBIH'B TpeXfl MHHH- 

crpaMH, H AaBajTB cyjiy (cours royales) npaao npeKpamaTt nepiow- 
Hecida HBJtaHia sa Bpe^Hoe nanpaBjieHie. Do 3aK0Hy 25 Mapxa 1822 r. 
flija neiaxH ;^o.lacHH 6hjh paBcafaTpHBaTbca cy^aMH fiesx npH- 
caxEUTh. YKaBOM^ 15 aBrycxa 1824 r. npe^BapHTejibHaa ^eH8ypa 
6iua BOBCTaHOBJieHa ****). 

H. H. TypreHeB-B cjrtjiHji'B sa cyJ^b6oK) neiaTH bo ^paHipH. 
Owb onriTHJi'B vh CBoeM'B AneBHHR'b 20 iiojia 1821 r.: ^cBi savepi 
HfiujTffTOB'b npomeJi-B BaKom* o npo^ojiseHiH ueHBypw. YjibTpBi de 
Textreme droite» (spafiHefi npasofi) npoHsnecjrH npeKpacHHa piqn: 
Veaublanc... Delalot, Castelaja, Bertin de Veaux. Mhhhctph 
Pasqnier h, bi oco6eHHocTu, Deserre roBopHJH rjiyno h ra^^KO. Ohh 
Tenepb xotatb roBopHXi., qTO xapTia, jiapoBaB-B cBo6ony KHHrone^a- 



^ AAMHBHCTpaTHBBUM'b pacnopflJKeHieM'B 6bijio ycraHOBJieHo, hto hh 
OAHO nepioAH^ecRoe mj^tMie He uojuevh BuxoAHTb bi> cb^tb 6edrb cnei^iaju*- 
Haro paapi^meHui. 

*•) Ho saRony 28 ^eBpana 1817 r., BpeMeHHO, ao 1818 r., nepioAnne- 
CKifl HdAaBia uotjlr 6LiTb paapi^maeHU JiHmb Kopojieifb. 

***) Jlna nojiHTH'iecRoft nepioAH^ecRofl ne^arH ycxaHOBJienu 6ujir sa- 
JiorR secbMa aHaiHTOJibBaro pasMi^pa. 

***) A V e n e 1. ^Histoire de la presse franQaise depuis 1789 jusqu'a nos 
jours' P. 1900, p. 206—280. iieHBypt flpycciH, ABcrpin H BaBapiH 
vb 1819—30 IT. Cm. Salomon. Geschichte dee deutschen ZeitungBwesen, 
III, 1906 r., p. 240—260, cp. CT. *oflHHaRaro „MoMeHTH HCTopin saRO- 
Ho^arejibCTBa o nenaTH* bt* ,C6ophhk* rocyAapcTBenHux'b SnaHifl* viojp> 
pefl. Be3o6pa80Ba, II, 1876 r., 415—419. 

••♦*) KpafiHie poaaHCTH bo Bpeica pecTaBpaqiH CTaJiH, xora h ne Bcer^a, 
aan^aniaTb cBo6oAy npeccu bt* BH^y cbohxt* napriftHUxi* njbJieft. Cp. Are- 
nel, 240. 
Iioflb. OTAtjrb I. 7 



98 B. C E M E B G K I fi. 

Tama, ne BKJiD^HJia TyrB h sypHaiu, qui sont hors de la chasse! 

n 8TH-T0 JIDAH XOTHTB jnpaBJUITb KOHGTHTyi^iOHHHirB FOCyj^apCTBOlTB!* 

22 iK)Jifl TypreneB'B bhobl OTirbqaerL: «Manuel ch niKoioparo Bpe> 

MOHH MH'b OHBHB HpaSHTCfl. I(eH8fpa npomjia 60J[binHHCTB0irB JSfiJTh 

roj[OcoB'b». 15 $eBpaji2 1822 r. TypreHBBX nHinerB bi AHeBHHsi: 
^JipmLTUBBJTb $paHi^y8CKija[ raseTU. HoB&ifl 3aK0Hi» sur la repression 
des abns de la presse vh Ilaji. Jifiu. npomeji'L. X. (sE)pH) yHnqio- 
aeno* *). 

JI^eKabpHCTU ^nojiHi noHHMajiH Heo6xoAHMocTb cBo6om neqaxH. 
Hs'B nosaaaHifi M. A. $0Hi-BH8HHa h rh. 6. n. IIIaxoBCKaro 
BHAHO, ^TO yse ^JieHu Coioda CnaceHia b'l 1817 r. cTpeMHJiHCb ktb 
AOCTHaeHiK) cbo6oah . KHHroneHaTaHifl **). H. TypreneB'B eme vb 
1816 F. sanHcaji'B b-b cBoeirB AHeBHHR'b: cHeocnopHMO, ^o CBo6oAa 
ne^aTania khefb qpesBuqafino nojieBHa. BesA'b HapoA'L ^yBCTByerB 
BiJTOABi 0H0&» ***y 7 asrycTa 1819 r. offB BucsaBajicfl raMi se aa npH- 
MtneHie cy^a npHcaaHHX'b k-b js^bsakWh o nenaTH ♦***). Ji;eKa6pHCTB 
CeMeHOB'B noKaaaji'B, qxo oahoe) es-l rjiaBHlftmHXii i^tjieS TypreHeBa 
6ujia €CBo6oAa KHHroneqaiaHia* **♦**), 

noKasaHia KK)xejib6eKepa h rpH6oiAOBa bo Bpeiur cji-bACTBia no 
Bonpocy i^eHsyp* ♦**♦**) Cbuh, Kene^Ho, ne bhojih* hckpcheh. Fo- 
pasAO BasH^e fi^ia ebx/l ri uwbsui AesaCpHcroFB, Roropuji BHCua- 



♦) Cp. V^ulabe lie. Hietoire dee deux Festauratione, t/ V, P. 1660, 
386—407. noABCKoio ROHCTRTyiUoHHoio xapTiei) 1815 r. (n. 16) ,oBo6oAa 
nenaTH*' 6uas, ^rapaHTHpoBaHa', ho aaxoH'L ^oJiseHB 6ujn> onpeA^JiHTb 
cpeACTBa j^jui o6y^AaHiii aJioynoTpetfaeHifl ei). O^HaRo, 22 icas 1819 r. 
6biJiR noAiHHeHu npej^BapHTOJibHofl ixenaypt B<r& noBpeMeeHUii HSAaHlir, a 
16 Idjui Toro sRe roj^a dxa neeaypa pacnpocrpaHBHa h na RHnrH. 

^) B'L oj^Hoirb HSB ^IlyHKTOB'B npeno^aBaeMaro bo BHyrpeHHeH'b OpAeni 
yHeHifl" (oTHOCBTejibHO ROTopmi npniiuiH r'l corjiameHliD M. 8. OpjiOBB i 
rp. AMHTpieBB-MaMOHOBB) 6biJio ynoiiflHyro: ,BOJibHoe RHHroneiaTaHie". 

***) HysHO saMtTBTB, HTO TVpreneBii eme Mp oTBtsAa bb rCTmHreHCKift 
yHHBepcHTerb npoiaJTB RHBry PaAHn^eBa .IlyTemecTBie hsb IXerepdypra vt 
MocRByV 

•*♦•) ^Pa8HOo6pa8HocTb npocTynROBB RHHroneHaTaHifl^i roBopHTB Typre- 
HeBB, ,8acTaBHjia TaRse BctxB sApaBoicucjifliaRXB JiDAeft y6'bAHTbCH, hto 
AAA CHXB npocTynROBB oAHH'b yAOBjieTBopHTejibHbifi o6pa8i cyAonpoHSBOACTBa 
ecTb nocpeACTBOM'L npHcssHux'b, h hto cBo6oAa KHBroneiaraHiJi HMTbMB 
HHbiMB He icoseTB 6uTb AocTaTOHHo o6e3ne<ieHa'. 

*****) Kh. n. A. BflaeMCRifl, ne npHHaAflesaBmifi K-b TafiHOMy 06n;6CTBy, 
MeiTaAB xoTH 6hi H'bROTopoH'b yjiyHmeHiR nojioseniji nenaTR; ohb nncaxi 
AeKa6pHCTy M. 8. OpjioBy 10 Hoa6px 1821 r.: „Jlaft Hain» ne nojiHyi), ho 
yMtpoHHyi) CBo6oAy neiaTaHiii, chhmh cb mucjih ajisHpcKiii atnH, h bb 
roAB— cjioBecHocTb Hama npeo6pa8yeTCH... Tu ne anaembi ao icaROfl CTeneeH 
aeneypa Hama arbhtb Bce to, hto ne cAOBapb, a noAo6i6 mucjih. HtRoropue 
npHMtpu en crporocTH h nejitnocTH yMopHJiH 6iii co-CMtey Espony. KaKi 
nocMorpRinb na to, hto nenaTajiocb npe ERaTopHHt... h to, tto Tenepb bh- 
MapuBaeTCH h3B coHHHeHifi!*' AaJite BnaeMCRifi ynoMHHaerb, mto xoTteB 6u 
Hane^aTaTb nepeBOAB nojibCRoft R0HCTHTyi;iH (.IIoji. Co6. Coh." II, 110—111), 
BO AOfl ocymecTBjieHix dToro npeAnojioxoHlH BcrptTHJiHCb npenaTOTBU. 

•♦**•♦) Cm. mo» CTaTfci) bb ,Pyc. Bor." 1907 r. N 7, cTp, IW. 



k. 






OVPKH BVh HGTOrai MJpA ABKlBPHOTOlTb. 99 

saHu iMH vh ETh npoesran npeo6pa80BaHiS. HHKBTa MypasbeBi 
n CBoei KOHCTHTjitfH, oqeBHAHo noxB BiuiHieirb xeus^paiVH npas's 
(n. 11) H KOHCTHTyitiH 1791 BO ^paHipH (tht. Ill, n. V, n. 17—18), 
jcTaHaBiHBaerb cbo^at ycTHaro h ne^aiHaro cioBa. Bo BTopoS, 
laHGojfte noApo6Hofly pexaiu^H mhcthttkIh H. MypaBbesa csasaHo: 
«BcflBifl HMierB npaBO HSJiaraTb cboa mucjih h ^yscTBa HeB086paHH0 
H cooOn^axb oeob nocpexcTBomb ne^arn cbohmi coore^ecTBeHHflRaM'b. 
Khbth, noxo6HO Bdmb npo^mrB xUcTBiinrBy noxBepseHU o6BHHeHiK) 
rpaav^aHi npe^B ojtfiwb h noxiesan iipHcasHUirB» (ex. 14) *). 
Be nasft ROHciHTyitiH H. MypaBbOBa o HapoAHOirb lA^fk 6iU0 CKa- 
saHo, qxo OHO <He sirberL BiacTH HapymaTb cbo6oau pi^ei h khh- 
roneiaTaHiji» (ct. 98) ♦*). 

BaTeHBKOBl OTHOCHJTb CB060Ay «THCHeHUI» Kb MHCiy «MopaAHiirb 

o6e8ne^eHifi HeHavbHHOCTH ycraHOBieHHaro nopflAKa»; ee koisho 
ycraHOBHTB BpeHOHHoe npaBjenie en^e ^o coBBaHia xenyraTOBi. 

Bi sanucKi o TpeSoBaHiarb, soropuji koukhu 6hUM Curb 
npoff^uiBieHH BOBcraBiiiHirb BoicKOir& ceHaryi uemfj npouirb BBa- 
UJOC&: «CBo6offB[oe THcneHie h» norony, yHHTroseHie i^eHsyput. 

PiixleBi vh nHCBirt vh Hun. HHKOiaD 16 xeKa6pa 1825 r. ro- 
BopHTB: «npHroBopy Beiuaro Go6opa noJiosoHO 6iuo CesnpeKO- 
ciOBHO noBHHOBaTbCB, cTapaflCB TOAKO, 1T0611 HapoAHmrB Ycra- 
BoiTB* (t. e. KOHCTETyi^eD) «6£urB BBOxeHi npeACTaBHTeibHuS o6pa8i 
npaBjreHUi, cBo6oAa sHHToneiaTaHui, orspuroe cyxonpoHSBOACTBO h 
mHafl 668onacHOCTi»». A. BeciyseBi, sacaflCb Wh OHCbMl ki hmb. 
HBioiaD npeotfpaBOBaHiji cyxoiipoHBBOACTBa^ roBoparb: «CBo(k)xa bhh- 
roBewTaHijio6jraqajia-6iHepiW(HBurb hu KpHBOAymHiirb» cy^eS '^*'^). 

^jewb H)8Haro 06mecTBa KpDsoBii 2-oS nosaaan, tto ojpeod 
H8i» 8a,HaTb, Kb ocyn^ecTBjeHii) soropbirB cTpeMHjiocb TatHoe 06* 
n^ecTBo, 6iU0 BB^x^Bie cbo6oau RHBrone^aiuHiji. 

necreib vb cbooitb fiojrfce panHeirb ipyj^fc: «KpaTKoe yxospH- 
leibHoe o6o8piHle rocyxapcTBeHHaro npaBiemji. Counenie pycc&aro 
rycapa» (1820 r.) en^e Aonycsaerb i^eHsypy. «Hcaoj[HHTeibHoe 6jia- 
rouHie», roBopHTb owb^ Hirben «HaA8op'B aa BHaronpoxaBitaMH, th- 
norpa^imcH, TeaipaibHiafH npexciaBjieHiBMH h o6pameHleirB KHHTb, 

SypHaiOB^ MeiBHrb COUHeHlft H UCTROVb. GBlA^Hiil aobboio- 

Humb, jifiSHUTb xui THCHeHiii HOBuxb co^HHeHifl H ffui opoiiycKa 
KHHTb H8%-Ba rpaHflipi» Tasse OTHOCHTCH Wb BixOMCTBy HCnOJBH- 
TeibHaro fiiaroiHHLar. Ho wb «PyccBoi IIpaBj^fc* yciaHOBieHU yase 
iH6epaibHbU[ ocHOBHUH Ha'iaia cbo6oau RHnrone^aTaHui, xoth h Bxtcb 



*) Bi nepBofl peAau^ aropaA nojioBHHa cranH 6ujia peAaKTHpoBaHa 
xyse: ^Bpedmui khhth, noAo6Bo aptthmii npecTynjieHUiCb, npecjiiATDTca 
cy^^OM'B H noAAexarB npHOisHUMii' (ct. 17). 

**) B'B nepBofl pexasi^H: vt^e ,H6 Moserb BocnperHTb OBo6oAHaro 
KBHrone^aTaHJji*. 

***) RaxoBCKifl Vb iiHCbMt n HHKOoaio I AOBasuBajn, no crporocTb 
qeBsjpu Aacrara«n ooiepmeHXo o6paTHofl AtaB. 

7* 



100 B. OfiMEBCKlfl. 

BCTpbqaiiHCL hIkotopbia Hey;i;a^iHUfl npeAJroseHifl: 1) cRaa^ufi rpasAa* 
HHH'B HMterB HpaBO HHcaTb H ne^aTaTL Bce to, hto owl xo^erB*, 
sa HCuroqemeMi tojibko jihtohx'b pyraTeabCTBii, cKOTopHa HHKor;^a 
AonycRaeifu 6HTb He aoji»hu». OAHaso, IlecTejiB TpefiyerB, ^to6u hmji 
aBTopa BcerAa BUCTaBJUiJiocB na ero co^HHeHiH. 2) «3a MvbHla h 
npasHJia, bi co^HHeHiH HSJiosenHUH, OTB'bqaerB Raa^£ifi nHcaTexB 
Ha OGHOBaHiH... npaBBJCB o6'b yueniH h nponoBij^BaniH, npoTHBHUTB 

SaROHaiTL H qHCTOfi HpaBCTBeHHOCTH, H Cy^HTCfl 06niHM'B CyAeOHKlTL 

nopjiAKOM^» (t. e. cyAOMi) npncaaHHX'L). 3) «E»eM vh co^HHeniH 
H3JiaraH)TCH Kam-HHCyfl?* npoHcmecTBia hjih qT0-HH6y;^b yrsepacAsieTCH, 

TO CO^IHHBTeJDlb 06ji3affB OHKUI AOKaSaTb, eCJIH Rl Cy^y 06HSeHH0K) 

CTopoHOH) npHSBaH'b 6yAerb. Ecjih see ^OKasaTb ne Moserb, to 
noABepraeTCfl yrojiOBHOMy HaRasaniK) no cy^y npHCHSHux^, cy^fl cb 
oGBiRHOBeHHbHiCb HopHAKOM^** ^) TaROMy S6 nopHAKy «noAJiesaTb 
Bcb coqHHeHiH doJibmiH h Majiufl, Bci nepeBOAu, Bcb b'^aomocth h 
cpo^Hbifl HBAanifl, set SHBOnnCH, rpaBHpoBRH h, OAHHM'B cioboitb, 
Bce to, qTO RaRoro 6u to hm 6bijio po^a coiKHema cocTaBJUierb*... 
CpoqHbifl ace co^nfleHiH (^nospeMenHbiH HSAaHiji) t^OJiacHU 6uTb H3;^a- 
BaeMU He HHa^e, RaR'L no npeji;BapHTejn>HOMy HSBin^eHiK) npaBHTeju- 
CTBa cesfb HaifipeHiH». 5) Kaa^^i^fl rpaacAaHHH'B Moacerb HirbTb th- 
norpa$iH) ci* o6ji3aHHocTbH) TOJibRO npe^BapHTejibHO HSBtcTHTb npa- 
BHTOJibCTBo QSL saBOAeHiH H Cb TiiTb, iTo6u Ha BceMX HeiaTaeMOifb 
Bi) nefl 6UJI0 oCosna^eno hmh BJiaAij[bi^a. Mbicjib o Heo6xoAHMOCTH 
cy^a npHCHSHHX'b b^l jsjbjLd^Tb neqaTH Mooa 6HTb BaHMCTBOBana Ile- 
cTeneMi H8i» co^HHenifi JHeTH)-A©-TpacH ln BenacaiieHa KoHcrana. 

B. CeMeecKiii. 



[OfiOHHanie CATbdyerm.) 



k 



HTAJIIfl. 



3a criHoft n'i^cHD nororB. ^epeseHCKyro npoTa«HyH) h rpycT- 
Hyi), RaR'B MaJiopoccificKaa AyMRa, hto hochtch no-HOA'B cTeiiBio, 
TaRaa »e CedKOHe^Haa, RaR'B CesROHeHHa cTenB. VL a cjiumy, 
RaR'B ropHHHHaa ocTaBJiHerB cbod u^eTKy h TpnaRy, ROTopHMu 
OHa HeyMOJiHMO 6opeTca cb hujibh), buxoaht'B Ha co&kjSMiA 
6aj[R0Hi>, ^To-To BUTpxxaerB h ocTanaBJiHEaeTCH a cmotphtb 
AOJETO^ AOJiro — mh4 BHflHo CB Moero fiajiKOHa — AaJieRHM'B Ty- 
MaHHUiTB BdrjiHAOiCB noBeprB Mopn xyna, rjifk CHH'&eTB hsbh- 
jiacTaa JuiaiH HxajiB^HCRHX'B ropi*... Ona cHOBa B03Bpaii];aeTCH 
B-B ROMHaxy, H ntCHa BByHHTB eme THine, eme rpycTHte... 

H MH* Hy«HO fffeROTOpOe yCHJlie,. qT06H BCnOMHHTB, ^TO 

fl vb Hhi^i^, h hto npeA'B mohm'b daJiROHOMi) ropHTB Ha eojinqib 
He HjTTHHCRoe Mope, H HTo TO He O^apRa hsI) Sojiotohohih 
noerB, hto ona npHnuia ^myRaxB co6i AOJii y cHHaro Mopa", 
a HxajiBHHCRaH dpHecia— TaRaa cTpannaa, nyacaa h poAnaa 
AJia Mena, AaJieRaa h 6jiH8Raa — no-AepeBeHCRH TOCRyerB 
no cBoeM'B irtcrh, no CBoefl cTopoH*. Ona Toace npamjia 
HCRaTB Aoai) y nysoro Mopa ja3i> CBoeft HTajiBaacRod „3ojio- 
TOHomH'', FA'b RpecTBHHCRaa AOJia TaRaa ropBKaa h TaacRaa. 
Ofla ycTpoHaacB na anaTH y mohxx snaROMUx'B pyccRHXB, AaBHo 
SHByniHX^ wh Bmm% oaa acHBerB y hhxt> yace xpa roAa h 
nocTynnaa na M'facTO cBoefi ABOK)poAHOfi cecxpu^ ROTopaa Toace 
nposaaa bI) xofi ve ceiiBib H'&CRoaBRO jrbrh. Bb Tod me ceMB*]^ 
»HBeTB RyxapRa BOceMB atrB, h3t> oahofo cb hch MicTa, hs-b 
oAHofi oRpyra, a nyacB ea cayatarB na toiS ace yaaui, a Myac- 
Hia 6parB Toace ycTpoaaca b'b Hm^itt. Ohh TanyrB ApyrB 
Apyra, cecTpH, CpaTBa, mypBa, saTBa cbohx-b cpoACTBennH- 

KOB'B, JnOJlfiH OAHOrO M'bCTa, OAHOfi BoaocTH. 

dpnecTa HHRyAa ne buxoahtb hs-b AOMy, oHa ne ryaaerB, ne 
paAHTca, Ha aen Bce oaho h to ace naaTBe, ToaBRO Hsp'ibARa B'B 

IipadAHHRl> BOTRHeTB OHa RpaCHyK) TBOdAHHRy B'B CBOH HepHUO 

Boaocu. H ToaBRO no yTpaM'B cbok) n'tcHX) hoctb, cbod rpycT- 
HyK)jA©p6BeHCRyi) ntcHBO,— no yrpauB, RorAa oAsa bb rom- 



I 



108 C. KJtnATBEBCKlS. 

Hairt — THxo, hto6h jmm ne cjiHxajiH. TaMX bi> HTajiiH foerca 
BOKpyrB nycToro MtcTa ea «eHHxx, h, a SHaio, ohh KonarB 
;t€HBrH, hto6h yixaTb b'b AMepaKy, r^t Moano oicTb Ha 
seMJiK), B'B AnepHKy; TaKT> KaK-B nejiBsa cha'^tb Ha cBoefi 

HTajIbHHCKOft BCMJI'S, Tflt HacyTCa OB^H H He MOryTB KOpMHTBCa 

jiR)^H, — cAtaaTB TaKij, KaK'B cA'feJiajia npeAmecTBeHHHaa, ea 
flBoropoRHaa cecTpa, KaK^ jsfkJidiJOTb MHorie hsx axx icicTa, 

HB-B HXB OKpyrH. 

BiiAHHe OHH, 6'feOTHe! fl BCTpi'iaji'B hx'b 14 jitTB HaaaA'B 
wh UlBefli^apiH, b'b toA ae OpaHi^H. Hx'b patfoxa TairB, rffh 
Tpyj^-b Taaceji-fee h njiaia MCHBine,— Ta pa6oTa, KOTopyi) He xo- 
Tarb J^4JIaTB cHrae xoaaflCTBeHHHe mBefiaapcKie MyaniKH h 
Cojite oOeBneHeHHHe (|)paHi^y3CKie paOonie, hx-b aojm icTB 

^epCTBHft XJltfi-B H yflOBJieTBOpaTBCa TOfi aHSHBK), KOTOpOD He 

xoTflTB y^oBJieTBopaThca (J)paHi;yBH h uiBeftaapipi, hx'b aojia— 
H H^TB B'B paBHOfi Mtpt laKOfil flOJIH y ApyrHXi* HapaflOBB — 
noKHAETB HaBcerAa cboh) poAHyro bcmjik), noioMy hto hbtb 
wbTh MicTa B'B CBoefl poOToft aeMjrb... 

51 ^acTO BCTp'bHaK) hxx B'B OKpecTHOciax'B Hhiqu. TaKie 
me npHpoaA^HBHe RaMenn^RH, RaR'B paaaHCRle MyaHRH-aeMJie- 

fCOHH H AOChTHHRH TOp(j[)a,— OHH CHAHrB B'B fitjIOfl HHJIH 0TB 

Kaama, HaAi» rotophm'b pa6oTaK)TB, na Rpaio npHAopoJKHHX'B 
KaHEBi^, H 06'hjiBJOTb. Ohh BHHHMaK)!^ sanidJieHHua RpaioxH 
rpjiasaro xjr66a, h, mh* RaaeTca, a cJiHmy, RaR'B xpycTiiTB 
KaMeHHHfi necoRT> na syfiax'B hx'b, ohh JiouBxyn> CojiBmHMH 

KyCKEMH CBOft XJrb6'B H OTRyCHBaiOTB MaJieHBRie RyCOHRH, CO- 

Bc-feMi) MajieHBRie, cBoero uTaJiBaHCRaro CHpa hjih Majiopoccifi- 
cftaro, HacToamaro MaJiopoccificRaro caaa, h mhopo h AOJiro 

^ysOFB HepCTBH^ nUJIBHUJK XJl'^C'b H 06HJIBHO CAa6pHBaiOTB 

ero ^lecHOROiTB, RaR'B CAa6pHBax)Ti> JiyROM'B pasancRie MyanRH. 
H, ito6h oh'b 6iiji'B He TaRo£k qepcTBUtt h aecTRifl, ohh MORa- 
lorb ero B'B RpacHoe bhho h RpomaTB B'B naniRy cb Rpac- 

QHM1> BHHOM'B, RaR'B RpOHiaTB CBOfl "lepCTBHtt XJUbO^b B'B RBaCB 

paaaHCRie MyaHRH. H pas'B B'B toa'b ab^^ro B'b ropaxi> naA'B 
Hm^qed^ Ha rpaHHn'6 OpaniUH h IlBeMOHTa, 6HBaeTB apuapRa. 
ObtsmaDTca (j[)paHiQr8H h HTajiBani^H. A ne snaK), hto upnBO- 

SHTB 0paHIty3H, — HTaJIBHHIUI HpHBOBHrB CBOHX'B A'^Tefl. Ma- 
JieHLKIIXB A'feTeft 0TB 8 AO 10 — 11 JltTB H OTAaiOTB B'B TOAa 

^paHLiyscRHiTB RpecTBanaM'B, OTAaroTB hbt* RopMy, noTony ito 

He^tMT. ROpMHTB HX'B AOMa, OTAaiOTB BB naBTy— 5— 8 (|>paHR0B'B 

B% Ml&cai5'B, — tfoJiBmia ACHBrn AJia nBeMOHTCRaro RpecTBan- 
enaro xosaficTBa. A hotom'b otuk B03Bpan];aK>Tca aomoS h 
RAYTb KonaTB msediiapcRyH) 3eMJiD, o6pa6aTHBaTB (|>paHity3CRifi 

RaMeHB... 

Bb npa3AHHRl> OHH C06flpaK)TCa BB CBOHX-B nHJIBHblX'B 

OAeaAax'B,— Ha ^yaoft CTopoH'b y hhx'b h^tb npa3AHHHHHXx 



\ 



R T A J I if. lOS 

ojxfimjsjy^—wb reuBHTb KatfaHRaxi ^ajiBEHx-B ]^^^cRHrB jmmh, 
r;r6 wbrb HHocTpaHqeB'B, h HrpaioTB Ha iiaHAOJiHHax'B h rara- 

paX'B, ROTOpUH, nOBQAHMOMy, AOpOdSe HM1> Iipa8AHHHHHXl» 

oaexjsih, H noDTb cboh rpycmuH HTajiBflHCRU ntcHH. H nbDTB. 

IlbKXrB MHOrO H TH»RO, H, ROFAa UhlOTh, He paAyDTCH H He 

cir&DTCH, RaR'B Becejio h sapaaHTejiBHO cit&iotch ({>paHi:(y8H, — 

H ROFAa HaiIBV)TCH, CTaHOBHTCH MpaHHUMH H SeCTORHMH H AHRO 

H CescMucneHHO cyvT'B hoscb vh CBoero TOBapenia, b'b Toro, 
KTO noABepneTCii nojii> pyRy. H RasReTCfl^ ito y HHn> f&tb, 
Kpoirb Hosa, Apyroro cpeACXsa yrojiHTb cbod nenaJiB, cbod 
TOCRy. ToFAa, 14 jrhTh HasaAXi mh^^ Bce xot6jiocb cnpocHTb 
Hxi^: noHeMy bu TaRi^ rpycTHu? IIoHeMy nenajib Ha Bamnx'B 
jiHKax'B H TaRi> MHoro FH'^Ba Bi> cepAUax'B BaniHxx? noneicy He 
CMteTecB BU, RaR'B cM'bDTCH BaniH (j^paHKyscRie 6paTBA? 



KoFAa H yiaaRajTB B'B HHHtmHeirB FOAy h8t> Hhuixu b'b HTa- 
JOD, MH'6 noRasajiocb, hto a tojibro hto no6uBajrB raii'B n CHOBa 
B08BpaniaK)CB, h, RaaajiooB, totb hcb pa6oHifl, hto TOFAa, 14 jrhvh 
HasaA'B, — cBHOBpeacAeHHoA, aaB^aHHoft FpflSHofi xpanRoft, pyRoft 
H 6jrbAHHMi» crpaAajiBHecRHBCB jihi^oicB) CHAHrB npoxHB'B MeHJi. 
H T% ace cnyTHHRH, XMypHe, rpycTHHe h MOJiiaJiHBHe, — 
crpaHHo MOJiqajiHBtie nocji'6 fobopjihbhx'b, cicbDiiiHxcH (|)paH- 
ayscRHX'B JiK)Aefl HHimu. HyAHO luiaRajTB pe6epoR'B. h sa- 
jiocTHO H 60JIBH0 BsyqajiH H&Ribifl HTaJiBaHCRifl cjioBa MaTepH. 

XjiypO H HenpHB'bTHO 6uJI0 b'b TeimOM'B H Fp^BHOBaTOM'B 
TpeTBeRJiaCCHOlTB ^paHE(ydCROKl> BaFOHt. BuCTpO BCnUXHBaJTB 

paaroBop'B h TaR'B se 6ucTpo noTyxaJTB. H^ ROFAa ohh MOJinarB 

H CMOrpflTB B'B ORHO BaFOHa Ha CHHee MOpe, MHMO ROTOpaFO 

HecercH nanrB no'bdA'Br-y hhx'b AaJieRift h AOJiFift, TyHanHufl 
BBFJiflA'B, CMOTpanufi noBepx'B tofo, hto nepeA7» FJiasaHH, ne 
RopoTRift, p'i^mHTejiBHHfi, TOHHO ({)HRCHpoBaHHHa ,eBponeflcRifl'* 
BBFJUVTB ^paHAysoB'B H H^Mi^eBi^ H aHFJiH^aHi>y a Torb AaJieRift 

TyMaHHHfi BBFJIHA'B, ROTOpuft H BCTp'^HaJTB TOJIBRO TaiTB JlfiiJl%KO, 

vb pflsaHCRoft zeunA. 

Ha FpaHHi^, vh BeHTHMHJiBH, H nepectJi'B na HTajiBancRift 
nofeA^ H— TaRi» ($i]lcTpo cirbHHDTCH BneHaTjrbHla— BCTpi^THJTB 
Becejoix'B, cMi^x)nvxca HTajiBflHCRHX'B jmjudH. Q^'j^aa ROMnanU 
BejiHROjrJ^nHux'B mojioahx'b jiK)Aeft ct> npeBocxoAHUMH FajicTy- 

RaMH H HyAeCHUMH padHOOB'bTHHMH map^aMH CHAiJia B'B 

MoeiTB BaFOHi H A&JiHJia 3apa6oTOR'B, nojiyqeHHHfl B'B Hniwb, 
rji^ OHH ROHHHJiH cA'^BHyi) pa($0Ty, — cxaBHJiH ManiHHy na 

HHimCRLft 8aB0A:B, — HTaJIBHHORyH) MamHHy, CB FOpAOCTBD HO- 
HCHHJE'B MHt 0AHH1>, — Ha ({)paHQy8CRifi SaBOAI^. GTapmlft HB'B 

HHX'B, CI cepBesHUMH HepHHHH ycaMH, pacRJiaAUBajTB Ha CRa- 
Kete^ spoAi RaacAUiTB HB'B TOBapHii](eft RyHRH oepe6pHHUXX 



1 



104 C. BJIUATbEBCKlft. 

MOHeT'B, H, TSR'b KaKl> OCTaJIHCB OTI^ A'^JIO^RRB TpH (j[)paHICa» 

KOTopHe, OHeBHAHO, 6hjio HeyAo6Ho h TpyjiHO a*jihtb, to B1> 
CaHTj-PeMO 6hjio KynjieHo AOJiHHoe KOJiHiecTBo (j[)iacKO cb 

,KiaHTH'*, U HTaJIBHHCRiH CUp'B ^ropPOHBOJIA'' H HaCTOflED(afl 

HTaJiBflHCKan cajiHMH, jiy^me KOTopHi'B, Kone^Ho, wbrb Ha 

CB'feT'fe. 

^OJIJRHO 6UTI>, BWbCTb Ch ({)paHRaMH OHH BUBeSJIH H3^ 

Hhiwh ffoJiK) (j[)paHay3CKofi paflocTH mchbhh h myMnaro Kap- 
HaBajibHaro Becejiba, KOTopoe eme He noTyxjio Toraa bi Hhui^*,— 
cTapmott Hrpaji'B na rapMOHti, ocTajiBHHe irfejiH ceBOHHys) 
KapnaBajibHyH) ntceHKy, KOTopaji bujiotb Jio Moero orB'bBAa 
BBCHtjia Ha Bcfexx yjiHi^axT) HHi^qw. A hotom'b Jipyrofl HJieffb 
KOMnaniH, cb .JierKOMHCjieHHHM'b nymKOMT> na Bepxnea rye*,— 
Ha njioxoM'b (|)paHuy3CK0M'b a3uk% ho cb xy;io»cecTBeHHO ne- 
peHHTHM'b (J)paHn;y3CKHM'b niHKOM'b cirhjih Becejioe „Mopco*, 
OHCBHAHo, noflo6paHHoe cb BCTpa^H KaKoro-HH6yflb MajreHbRaro 
BHi^ncKaro KafiaHKa. Ohh 6ujih KoppeKTHne h AejiHKaTHue 
Jijojm H CHpamHBaJiH Menn, He M'&maiDT'b jih mh^, a Korw 
ysHajiH, HTO a pyccKiia,— OTHecjiacb ko mh* cb jiecTHHM'B bhh- 
ManieM'b, roBopHJiH, qxo ohh snaiorB, hto Atjiaerca bx Poccin, 
da HTO H KaKx BeAeTca 6opb6a, TaKi^ KaKi* B'b HX^b raseTax^ 
MHoro HHmyT'b o Poccia a cTapmofi aaaBHJi'b, hto offB cjiy- 
maji'b Ha MHTHHri B'b renyt pyccKyH) OapHmnio, KOTopaa 
npeKpacHO roBopnjia no-HTajibHHCKH h HM'^aa 6ojiBnioS ycirbx'b 
y HEx-b, pa6oHHX'b. 

H — cTpaHHoe ntjiol— a ^ojiro ne oTAanajTb ceCi othbte, — 

HTO-TO HOBOe, KaKOH-TO HOBfalH TOH'b »CH8HH, HOBHa MaHepU 

nonyBCTBOBajiHCb mhoh) aa KopoTKift nepeisfl'b h aa ri^ RBa-Tpa 
flHa, KOTopHe a npoacHJTb B'b TeHyi. J^i^o He B'b Becejrarx'b 
MoaoflHXTb aiOAHX-b. Mena yflHBHJi'bHTajibflHCKifl TpeTbeKJiaccHHtt 
Baroffb, B'b KOTopoM-b a 'fexaji'b OT'b BeaTHMHabH. Offb 6Hai> 
He TOTb rpasHHfi, xeMHHfi h aanaeBaHHHft, B'b KOTopoM'b a 

I^QJlUJTb 14 airb HaBa^Tb, — CBtTJIUfi, npOCTOpHHfi M HHCTUtt, 

OH'b fiHJTb ropasAO ayqme TpeTbeKJiaccHBix'b ({)paHE(y3CRHX'b 
BaroHOB-b, B'b ROTopHX'b npHXOflHaocb B'b HUH'i^niHeirb ro^y 
•feAHTb MH'fe no OpaHAm. H necpaBneHHO flernesjie, h^m'b bo 
OpaHuiH, CTOHJix acea'63HOAopo«HHft 6Haerb. H ^pyrie ho- 
CHabmHRH BCTp-feTHaH MOHa B'b TeHyfe. a noMHK), RaR-b Tor^a 
pBajiH, oTHHMaa Apyri> y Apyra, Mofl fiaraxcb, $aRHHO, n RaR'b 
aca^Ho Ha MOHXib rjiasax'b pascMaTpHBaaH^ CROJibRo a j^ejrh. Si 
aanaaTHa'b HocnabinHRy fioabmyio no-HTaabHHCRH cyMMy— noa- 
^paHRa M'^AHUMH MOHeTaMH H ciy yAHBaemeM'b cMorpM'b, RaRi> 
OH'b, He BsrjiaHy BinH ^aate na A^Hbrn, onycTHai> B'b RpyacRy, bh- 
cfeBHiyH) Ha rpyAH CTapHRa-^aKHHO. Si napoHHo ocTanoBHaca h 
nafiaiDAaa'b, RaR'b h Apyrie ^aRHHo noaynaan A^Hbrn h, RaRi» 
ToabRo ocBo6oacAaaiicb otb Bem.e11, 6'kRaaH r'b CTapHRy, He- 



k t A Ji I fl. - ( f 

noABHacHO cTOflBineMy y 6araacHaro Reno, h noJiHocTbX) onycRajiH 
¥b Kpy«Ky CBOH nojiyHKH. H b'b Ka6aHKii, b'b renyt, rn!h a 
cHfl'ijrB BeqepoM'b, Bt ("I^ahomx, npocTOHapoAHOM'B KaCa^Kt, 
r^t BuxoAHJiH Ha acTpa^y h'^buh HeanojiHTaHCKHX'B xrbcen'B 
H ni^BHiiu B'B ocJi'lbnHTejibHo finecTHiiiHX'B njiaTBAX'B, KaiciH 
noflBJUinTCii TOJiBKo Ha 3CTpaflaxi> HapoAHUx-B Kafia^KOB-B, — 
nocjr6 KaasAaro HOMepa apTucx'B hjih apTHCXKa o($xoahjih cb 
Tapejmofi ny6jiHKy, co6HpaJiH no hhth HenxedHMOB'B h TaR'B »ce, 
KaRB Tk HOCHJiBni;HKH, He ciHTafl, cunajiH Ha mnpoKoe Cjuoro, 
cTOflBmee na niaHHHO, nepe^B kotophmb ohh n'bJiH. 

He HCHeBJiH H cxapufl Manepu aaBtmanHaro omaMH h A'^^- 
ffiMSL^ TpaAHiVLOHHaro HcnoJiBdOBaHifl HHOcTpaHua, caeuiajiBHo 
HTajn>afiCRaro HaAyBaTejibciBa, KaRoro-TO HaHBHaro, HenpHKpu- 
Taro, He A^oBaro, no b'b 8totb pasTi un'h He npHXOAHJiocB TaR'B 
TiniaTejiBHO, RaR'B npe«Ae, npoB^paxb oxejiBHue h pecxopaHHue 
CHexa, H aa Bce BpeMa nyxemecxBia no HxaJiiH s noJiynnjiB b-b 
BHA'i^ CAa^H xojiBRO AB'b ({)ajibmHBuxB cepe6pHHUX'B Monexu, 

HaHBHO, nO-A'i^XCRH CA'bJiaHHHX'B, CB RaRHMH HH OAHHB, CROJIBRO- 

HHCyAB yBaaaroniJfi ce6a pyccRifl (j[)ajiBiuHBO-MOHexHHR'B He no- 
SBOJinjrB 6u. ce6'b bhjQth na A'i^OBoM puHOR'B. 

H 6pocHJiocB MH'b B'B FJiaaa,— H B'B renyb, h b'b AaJiBH'bfi- 
mnxi* MOHXT* cRHxamax'B no HxajiiH,— AasRe B'B Heanojrfe,— 
P'63Roe yMeBBmenie HHni;eHCTBa h uoHpomattHHiecxBa na yjm- 
miTb H AoporaxB, ROToparo TaRi> MHoro 6ujio 14 ji'krh HasaA'B. 



— Bh peBoaroiUoHepB?— MojioAofi HejioB'bR'B, tojibro hxo 
ysHaBmifi, ^rro h He aHrjiH?aHHHi>^ He seHrpB h ne nexB, a 
pyccRift, npeAJioacHJi'B MH'b BonpocB npocxo h cnoRoSno, h 
no Tony ero rojioca 6h;io bhaho, ^xo ohb, coficxBenHO, aAC^i* 
He oTB'bxa^ a noAXBepmAenifl xoro, ^xo 6hjio ajih nero neco- 

MH'bHHO, H Ha MOfl BCXp'faHHUfl BOnpOCB, HOHeMy OH'B XaRB Ay- 

MaexB, xaRB ae npocxo h yfitaAenno oxB'bxHJiB: 

— B^Ai> B'B PoCCiH ABt XOJIBRO napxlH. Ha OAHOfi cxopoH'fe 

npaBHxejiBGXBo, hojihiuh h renepajiH, a Ha Apyroft peBOJironjL- 
onepH. He xaR'B-JiH? 

SI MorB 6h CA*JiaxB eMy cepbesHHa peAaKi^ioHHHa nonpaBRH, 
HO BMtcxo axoro xojibro BUCRaaaJi'B npeAnoJioxcenie: 

— A 6htb MoaexT>, a renepaji'B? — Mofl Boapacxi* noaBoaajTB 

MH'b 9X0, H a CB H'hROXOpOft OfiHAOft Ha6jlK)AaJI^, KaRB OH'B 

yjiu6Hyjica h oxpHi^axejiBHO RaqaJi-B tojioboh. ce6'b ohb oCij- 
acHHJTB, Hxo OH'B Rajia6pieu'B, xojibro ^xo orohhuji-b (|)aKyjiB- 
xexB pHMCRaro yHHsepcHxeia, couiajiHcxT>, xoxa h ne aa^Hc- 
jihji'b en^e ce6a B'B onpeA'feJieHnyio rpynuy, - OH'B MesRAy Oeppn 
h JIa6piojia, xaRB RaR'B hh xoxt>, hh Apyrofl ne yAOBJiexBopaiox-B 
ero B'B nojiHofi Hip's. Ohb fiajTB AOCTaxo^Do ocB'feAOM.neH'B o 



l06 C. SJinAT&EBCKlfi. 

PocciH. OroBopaBiOHCb, hto, 6HTb MoacerBy oh^ omHfiaeTCH Wb 
o^*HK'fe, oH'B^coo6in;Hjn>, hto HaftKOBCKia 6jiH«e eMy, HHTHMHie 
H noHflTHie, HtBfB TjiaayHOB'B, h ^to ^aftKOBCidft fla»e BecbMa 
npeiMTCTBOBajTB eMy c;taBaTb BHnycKHHe aKsaneHH, TaK'b KaK-b 
owh He Morb oTKaaaTbCH orb HacjiaMCAenm cjiyniaTb HaftKOB- 
CRaro, KOTopufi k^kl pas'b bo Bpena aRsaMenoB'b HcnojmflJicfl 
Bi> KOHi^epTax-b B'b Phm*. Owb ^HTaji'b TypreH6B'b, MaccHMO 
ropKH. Ohh, MOJiOAeacb, BHcoKo iTyrb JiBBa HHKOJiaeBH^a Toji- 
CToro, H OH'b BMicT* cb TOBapHin;aMH cxyAeHTaMH ycTpaHBajTb, 
B'b BHaK-B no^HTanifl, cepenajiy nepe^'b oTejieM-b b-b Phm*, rjifb 
SHJia AO^b TojicTorfi TaTiana, ho ajih Hero jihhho BHme BC'fei'b 

H 6jIH«e BCiXX flOCTOeSCKift,— efllHHCTBeHHUft, HCKJIIO^HTeJIb- 
HHfi, KOTOpOMy Htrb He TOJIbKO paBHarO, ho H CKOJIbKO-HHCyAb 

ciOOTaro B'b coBpeneHHOfi eBponeficKoft jiHrepaxyp't. 

Hx-B Ohjio Tpoe MOJioAttx-b JiioAeft B'b Moeiifb Kyne BToporo 
KJiacca, B'b KOTopoM-b fl 'fexajTb orb FenyH, mojioahxt* Jirofleft 
B'b KOTejiKax'b, no'ieMy-TO y«acH0 HanoMHHBniHX'b MH-i noMom;- 

HHROB'b HpHCHJRHHX'b HOB'J^peHHUX'b, B'b HeCM'bTHOM'b ROJIHHe- 

CTB* HaceJIflK)^^HX'b ropoA'b IIeTep6yprb,— OAHH-b fiHJi'b aa«e 
Cb neTep6yprcKHM'b aABOKaTCKHM'b nopT(|)eJieM'b. Ohh ixajiH B'b 
PHM'b Ha HasnaieHHoe na Apyrott Aenb 6ojibnioe co6paHie j^jui 
HecTBOBaniH naMHTH A'AMHHHca, He aa^ojiro npeA'b rbwh yiiep- 
niaro na HTajibHHCKoft PaBbep'fe. 51 ne xorfeji'b wtmaTb iiwb h 
cimfbm> B'b yrjiy cb saRpHTHMH rjiasaMH. Y hhxi» noAHHMajicA 
cnop'B H noTyxaJTb, n cHona rpoMRO sByiajiH rojioca, h h cb 
HacjiajKnemeM'b cjiymaji'b 3T0Tb HeofiHRHOBeHHHft, eAHHCXBen- 

HHfl HTSJIbflHCRift HBHR-b, TJjfk 06HJlie TJiaCHHX'b CO^OTaeTCa (Tb 
TBepAHMH H p'i^RHMH COrJiaCHUMH, ABOttHUMH r, ABOdHUMH Z, 
Heo6HRHOBeHHaH MydURaOIbHOCTb Cl> JiaTHHCROd RaMeHHOtt COJI- 

AaTCRod TBepAocTbK), 9Ty Heo6'bHTHO mnpoRyro raMMy nejioB'fe- 
necRaro rojioca, B'b Roxopyio yjiaryicH Bcfe HeJioB'tnecRUi ^yB- 
cTBa^ Bc4 HacTpoeHiH AyniH,— h cjioBa jiio6bh, h rpycTHoft «a- 
jio6u, caMOfl H'6^Hofi jih)6bh h caMofl rpycTHoft »ajio6i2, h Be- 
jiHRii FH^B'b, H BejiHRaH HeHaBHCTb, H orHeHHHH GJiOBa npo- 
RjiHTiiK... H 6uJiH yAHBHTejibHK jiJiK Mena hxI) Manepu, HX'b 
xtecTH,— TaR'b no-pyccRH npociH 6hjih ohh h TaR'b cipaHHU 
nocjrh Bcer^a neMHoro npnooAHaTaro, Bceraa BSBHHHeHHaro 
(|)paHD[y3CRaro paaroBopa h ^panqyacRaro Tona, r'b ROTopony, 
aa ^eTHpe M-bcni^a HHqqcRofl wh3Hh, a ycn'feji'b npHBHRHyxb, 
RaR-b R'b HopMajibHOMy Tony, RaR'b R'b oOu^Hofi nejiOBi^ecRon 
Manep'b. 

a Roe-^n^o noHHMaji'b H3'b HX'b piiefl, ohh cnopHJiH o 
A'Anynitio h A'AMHHHcfe, cnopHJiH o npeHMymecTBax'b TenyH, 
HeanojiH h Pnica, — o6HqHHfi HTajibHHCRift cnopi>. SL uokejo, 
KSkRTb U jTJ^Tb HaaaA'b renydscRiS npo^eccop'b-MeAHR'b AORadH- 
Baji'b MH'b, HTO uenxp'b nayRH h Ryjibxypn h HxaJibflHCRod 



k 



H T A 1 I a. 107 

npoMHmjieHsocTH tojisko b'b FeHyib, a ocraJibHuiH HraJibJiHCKifl 

HaulH, B'B OCOOeHHOCTH PhMCREH, OTCTaJIHa HaiUHy— H OHHyjica 

0TB CTpaHHaro Tona oAnnoRaro rojioca. 

GoBciwb lOHutt CB ;ii^BHHBHM'B JTHi^oM'B HeanoJiHTaHei^, 
yneHHicB xysosecTBeHHofi sirojiu, oRasaBinificfl Toace coiua- 
jracToiTB^ roBopnjTB Me^jieHHUMH OTAtJiBHUMH <{)pa3aiiH, H no- 
Tony HTo OHi^ 6ujm uejmenuu, h noHHiiaji'B hxi. 

— Bh He BH^ajiH Heanojifl ^rbxHeft ho^bk)... KoPAa Mope 

ropHTB H ropH B'B JiyHHOITB CB'&T&... H Ui^CHH HeanOJIHTaHORafl 

HeceTCfl CB 6epera... Jlfiuwrcn BesyBift... TaM'B vwbB'h B'B seiurb, 

TaMl> SeMJIH ApoaCHTB OT'B FHtea... 

H FJiada 6uj[H tfojiBinie h TCMHue h cb'I^thjihcb na 6jA)moui> 
jomb, H HanpAKeHHo, cTpacTHo dBy^ajTB tojiocb. 

A noTOM'B BaroBopHJi'B cHA*Binifl B'B yrjiy oAHHORifi rocno- 

ABH1> CB CypOBUM'B, 3aOTUBmUlfB B'B FJiyCOROft SaAyMHEBOCTH 

msnpwb H, saM'^TiiBinH, RaR'B h BCJiymaBaiDCB B'B p'b^B Heario* 
jmraHi^ay cTaJTB y6isAaTB nenny hto6u a ne ynimcfl nraJiB- 
ancROiiy nsHRy y pumjiah'b, reHyddi^eB'B h neanojiHraHiieB'B, 
y ROTopux'B TaRia Aypnua, BsypoAOBaHHHa Hap'i^^a, hto na- 
cToanpfty HHCTuft, xopomilk HrajiBaHCRifl a3URi> tojibro y hhx'b, 
BO OjiopeHiUH... H Aaace ne B'B caMott OjiopeHum, a B'B $ie- 
sojrib, na xojiMax'B HaA^b OjiopeHiuefl, h roBoparB HacToantHM'B 
HTaJIbaHCRHM'B aSUROM'B TOJIBRO 1500-2000 RpecTbaH'B, acHBy- 
mjax'h KB ifbcTHocTH Oiesoae. 

Oh'b ToaBRo 1T0 BOdBpaTHaca h8'b apTHCTHHecRaro Typnd 
no PocciH,— offB aRpofiaTB,— H roBopuTB HanoaoBHHy no-pyc- 
CRH. OH'B roBopHTB, HTo, ROPAa noca-fe Aoarnx-B CRHTanift no 
AnraiH n OpanAin, no Poccin, C'ibBepHoft n lOsRHott AMepnR'b 
0Hi» BOdBpam^aeTca r'b ceC'b bo <C>aopeHuiK), — noB'bpHTe-aH, 
signore?— OH'B npe«Ae Bcero habtb B'b ORpecraocTH, ta* pa6o- 
TaDTB RpecTBane Eziy Oiedoae, h saBTpaRaeTB cb hhmh b'b 
AepeBencRHX'B Ra6aHRax'B h npoBOAHTB cb hhmh BecB aohb^ — 
Bce caymaei-B, RaR'B ohh roBopaTB, xaR'B RaR^ h'^tb Ha cwhrh 
ayqmefi ifyauRH, h'^tb A^ia nero 6oaBmaro aaoaasAeHia. «,H,-^ 
MoaceTB 6uTB, BaM'B signore, noRa»eTca cTpanno^ — naaRaTB xo- 
nerca HHorAa, B'B ocofienHOCTM ecjiH Aoaro OTcyrcTByeniB, 
Aoaro He caumHmb ero,— aauR'B Oiesoae...* 

UoToiTB OHH saMoanaan h CHA'^an cb saRpuTUMH raasaicH, 
oTRHHyBmHCB Ha OHHHRH AHBaHOBi. TeiiHaa HOHB raaAtaa b'b 
ORHa Barona, cMyxHUtt cb^tb naAaa'B cBepxy, i^hh otb maanii 
naAaan na aniia, h aerao na hhx'b paaAyMBe h cTporocTB h... 
neqaaB. 

H a Bce AyMaa'B: hto BaserB Mena cb hhmh, HyaceAaaBHHMH 

aDABMH? IIOieMy ohh XaR'B 6aH8RH MH'6, H TaR'B RpOBHO BOa-r 

nyDTB Mena, RaRB aDAH Moeft poAHHU? 



1 



108 C. BJinATbEBCRlft. 

H npitxa,!!!) Bt Phm-b. H cHOBa nepe3KHBaK) to ace ^yBCTBO, 
^To Tor^a, Bi3 nepBHfi pas's'. npiixaJi-B Bt CBoe MtcTO, vjifb Bce 

SHEKOMO, r^t OCraBHJl'B CTOJIbKO BOCnOMHHaniltt, rat CTOJIBKO 6jih8- 

KHXi* MoniJii*. Bce snaKOMoe, 6jiH3Koe, ct AftBHHX'b JitrB, cb ^itx-^ 
CKnx^ CHOB^, c-b lOHOfflecKHX'b MeiTanifi. H AjieKcM»— 6o«ift He- 

JIOB'tK'b, Hajt fc KOTOpHM'b CTOJIBKO CJieS'b 6hJI0 HpOJIHTO, — H IleTp-B, 

H Daseji-B, H KupHKa-yjiHTa. H „Jiir)OT IIJiyTapxa*', Ha^t KOTOpHM'b 
CTOJIbKO jiyM-L 6HJI0 nepeffyMaHO,— H BpyrB, h H^eaapt, h aBry- 
ctMloiu ABPycrb, h MapKi) ABpejiiH, h CoKpan>, h 3eMoc(|)eHT>, h 
Co{|)OKjrb. II MOJiojtbie— Pa(|)a9Jib, MHRejiB-Anacejio... H rousl, h 
njToma^R, h yjinuH, KBHpHHajn>, h KanHTOJiift, OopyM-B h 
KoJinaeil, i^^pMH, h TpiyM(|)ajibflHH apKH, TpiyM^ajiBHHfl ko- 

JIOHHH H MtCTa MOJIHTBH UOJl,T> BeMJIOfi H HaZIi'b BCMJieft,— BCe 

9T0 K B^jx^JTh saBHo-AaBHO, eme To^a, Korfla CTajiH oTKpHBaTbca 
MOH rjiasa Ha fioMcift Mipi*, a He noMHK), — bo ch* hjih naaBy, 

HO H XOUHJIli 3A'6cb, TOJIKaJICH MeSKfly aTHMH KaMHflMH H fiOJIBHO 

CTyKajicfl Kopnejiia HenoTa h oG-b IteaapH h CajiJiiocTia h 
061. CoKpaxa CB ero anojioriefi. Si tojibko HCMHoacKO sadHJTB. 
51 cjinrnKOMi* jionvo majiTb b'b flpyrHXT) flOMaxi* h TOJncajica 
Me^Kjiy Apj raMH Jiroj^bMH,— h h^ckojibko cTepjiHCb h no6jieKJm 

AaBHlH BOCnOMHHaHiH... 

Hx^ TaK-B MHOrO 6hJI0, — CtffblX'B KaMHefi H CTapHXl> MOrHJI-B 

H jiaBHiix'b BocnoMHHaHit. HsHiecKifl, HMHepaTopcKitt H nancKifl 

PhMX fiHJTL TaK'B OPpOMHO BeJIHR-B H TaKBf CTpaUIHO THJKeJTB, 

o TeMHHH thmi KojiHsen h IlaHTeoHa h TepMi* TaK'B rycTO Jio- 

atllJlBCb Ha HOBHflt PhMB, ^0 MH* HC BHOTO 6bIJI0 TOP^a HOBaPO 

PvrMaj HOBoft acH3HH. Mh* Aaate Kaaajiocb TOp;^a, hto Hacjrfc;i- 
cTBO c.TiHinKOMi> BejiHKo H TflSKeJio jiJisi TenepemHeft Hrajiin, 

t^riO BOBOH KV.TIbTyp'fe, HOBOMy HCKyCCTBy, HOBUMTE> pOCTKaMT* 
5K113HH C.IHJHKOM'B Tpy^O npo6HBaTbCa HB'B-HOA'B CTapBDCb 

KaMHcti, HnpiixoAHJio TOPAa B'bPOJioBy, hto, 6HTb Momerb, Jier^e 

CTpOHTb CBOIO JKHBHb T'feM'b MOJIO^HMT) HailiiHM'B 6^31^ HaCJltACTBa, 

6e3b ciapHXB KJiafldHm-b, r^i;* hh KaMHH, hh BOcnoMHHaHm He 

nOMi^UiaiOTB Ba3B0;tHTb HOBHH 3AaHi<H. 

a nOMHHJ TOPAaniHift PhMT), TeMHHft H TicHHft, Cb MyTHHM'b 

TafipoM'B B'B rpH3HHX'b BOHioHHX'b Cepepaxi), sanjiecHiBtJiHe, 
xeMHHe HeyiOTHHe AOMa h KaKyio-To ofimyio ofipomeHHocTb. 
Ka^ajiocb, cxapbie MCHJIb^H ymjiH, a hobhc sajtBaOTaTb ci> ne- 
6ojit»nnmi> Jibib, npoTeKmwxB cb ocBo6o»CAeHiH PHMa OT'Bnan- 

CKOfl BJiaCTH, He ycntJIH yCTpOHTbCH, IipHCHOCOfiHTB «H3HB K'B 
CBOlTM'b nOTpefiHOCT^M'B H BKycaMTb. A TO HOBOe. HTO BXOAHJIO 

Tor^a BB maSHB, — na^HHan cb KpHKJiHBapo raoBHHHBMa raaexB 
KpHCHH jio caMOHOB'feHmefl oTeJiBHOfi apxHTeKTypH— 6hjio TaK'B 
6e3HaneacHO'njT0CKO h TaK'B He;^ocTofltHO HTajiiu, BeJiHKaro 
npomjiaro en ^yxoBHofit «H3HH. Si homhk) eni;e Pmn> y no;i- 
uomhB ajiiapeii, homhk) pacnpocTepTHa na |caMeHHOMi> nojiy 



H T A Jl I H, 109 

aepRBeti ({)Hrypu jik>a6& vb JioxMOTbHXi>, ch nocHH'bJiuMB orb 
xoJioAa JiHiiaMH, H noMHK) TBXiH monorb npHdHamg ROJi'bHoiipe- 
RjioHeHHHX'B (|)Hrypi> y OKomeHeKt HcnoBtAajieH'B, — h b'b cipacT- 

HJD HejX^D R He MOFB nOnaCTb B'B H'i^KOTOpiM uepKEHHai* 

aa MHO»ecTBa HapoAa, Ha6HBiiiaro xpaMU u ri^CHoft TOJinoii 
cTOABinaro Ha nanepTH... 

A da ci^naMH Pnica Ha^HHajiacb nycTHHA, mjia cxenb, rojiaa, 
ci Hep^mJiHBUMH nopocjiAMH RycTapHHKa, 3a6pomeHHaH, PAt 
He 6hjio JiDACRoro jrhjiba^ h 6poAHJia tojibro 6e3HHCJieHHiiiH 
crania oBeuii, m yrpnMue nacTyxH, ^a 3jihh co6aKn... H cTapufl 
oBeHBH HyBCTBa eme »hbu 6HJitf B'b HTajibHHCKHX'b cepAitax'b. 
H noMHD, RaR'B RaTaBinifi aacx no Mopx) Bb noprb Ahiuo, ho* 
AaJieRO OT'bPHMa, CTapufi putfaR'b 6paHHJi'b HOBuft crpoft »h8HH, 
xB&aHJTb nancKia BpeMena h roBopnjTb HaM'b: 

— Kto Tenepb flyiiaerb o nacb? Kto 3a6oTHTca? JIjoAefi Bce 
iipH6aBJifieTCfl, a «HTb craHOBHTCA Bce Tpy^Hte... Botb y Meaa 
ABtHaimaTb cuHOBefi... Kor^a y jiihjiSL icoero poAHJica ab'^haa- 
ufijuA cuHi, OH^ atdijvb noJiynaTb OTb nanu nenciio. CTapmie 
cuHOBBfl pa8JieT%jmcb» a MaJieHbRax'b a RopiiiiTb AOJiHceH^b.^-H 
BOTb Moa nencia— B03HTb Bacb, (|)opecTbepoB'b!.. 

51 noMHD, H^wh »CHaa xor^a HTajiia. BcnuxHBajia rojioc- 
caJibHaa HxaJibaHCRaa nasaMa, BCRpuBaaacb BOdMyTnrejibHHH 
6e83aK0Hia, BopoBCTBO H npoHSBOJii H BejiHKift pa3BpaT'b noJiHiau 
H aAHHHHcrpaiuH, — BcouxHBajiH H noTyxajiH noA'b xaacecTbio 
B'bROBoro Hacji'bacTBa, ciapux'B yKJiaAOB'b shshh h HeifontH 
aoBUX'b. BcnHXHBaaH xaoTH^ecKia CTHxifiHua ABHaceHia B'b poA'i^ 
cHipuiifiCRofl p'bdHH, BcnuxHBajiH H saMHpajiH Ao HOBUx'b xa- 
oTHHecRHxi BcnHineR'b. ToPAa Kpncnu npa3AH0Baji'b MeAOBufi 
nicsiixh TpoflcTBeHHaro coK>3a h ynopno TOJiRajrb VLtsjiiio otb 
BHyxpeHHaro crpoHTeabCTea R'b nojiHTHR'6 BeaRRofl Aep»caBU, 
Kb a6HCGHHCRHM'b aBaHTiopairb. UlAa TorAa Hxajiia B'b xBOCTt 
FepMaHiH h ABCTpin, Ra3ajiocb, noAo6paHHaa hmh Hd'b xcajiocTH, 
H 6uao TorAa CHHcxoAHreJibHo - npespHTejibHoe oTHouienle 
Kh Hefi B'b EBpoirb, h (j[)paHity8U nasHBajiH HTajibaHi^eBi) na- 
KapoHmHRaMH, a BCJiHROJitnHHe pyccKJe, ymeAniie oTh CeBa- 
CTonoJia H He npHmeAniie en^e R'b JIychu.% npespuTejibHO ro« 

BOpHJIH: 

— HTaobainRH... ToKe BoeBaib coOHpaiOTca!.. 

B'b 8T0Tb paa'b y Bteua (Jhjio HOBoe omymenie,— a He 8HaiD, 

OTRyAa OHO aBHJIOCb H RaRli CJIOXCHJIOCb,— HOBUx'b aHIl'b» HOBUx'b 

p'bHefi, Hosaro yRJiaAa «h3Hh. CnyTHO, iieAJieHHO CKaAUBaacb, 
BbipocTajio y Mena Bne^aTjrbHie HAy n^^ett rjiy6oRoft jiomrh ^hsh^ 
ocBo6osA6Hia, a Cu CRasaJTb, eospootcdeniH HTajiiH, 



110 C. BJinAT&BBGKlt. 

GsHufi PHifB, BHibmHifi Phicb H8ir&HHjiiCH. H MHoraro He ysea- 
BajTB B'B PnMt, ROTopuft Tain> xopomo aHajix 14 jrbrb HaaaAik. 
BeaicoHeHHoe hhcjio dJieRTpHHecRHX'b TpaMBaee'B, cBflsaBiUHrb 

OTff&DbHUa ^aCTH PHMa, HSMtHHJIH <{)H8iOHOMlX) TopoAa, H BejraRo- 

JxinHHi TyHHejiB, AJmnnuft h nmpoRift, pasjiOMajTB rHHJiue aom a 
H nponojis'B noA^ crapHMH yjiHi^aiCH. KaMeHHaa Hatfepesnafl 
offfaia TH6pi> H paapyniHJia crapoe Bonroqee WHJtte, DTHBrae- 
eca no hjihctuitb rpflSHUM'b 6eperaM'B ero. JIoMaDTCA ufbrnisi 

yJIH^H, H B'B HOBUH IUHpORiH, TJSfb MHOFO CB^Ta H COJIHqa, yJUmH 

nepexoAHTB pHMCRan sh3hb. H He sajiL mh^ 6ujio btb dTOTB 
paaik, RaR^ najib usi 6uJio Tor^a aroro paapymenifl, TaKL 
RaR:B paapymaeTca CTapoe nonuioe h rpasHoe^ ifj^maBmee jik)- 
jmwh acHTb, H CTapoe BejiHRoe h Aoporoe TenepB 8a6oTjmB'be 
oxpaHfleTCH h JiyHme crepe^eTca, h^btl Tor^a. Bciajm Ha 
yjiHi^ax'b H nxonxaAAXi PHMa naM^THHRH BejiZRHTB Jix)Aefi Hra- 
jiiH, 6HBmHXCfl 3a CHacxbe poAHHu, — FapnCajiBAH m> CBoeft no- 
xoAHoft pyCannc*]^ bhchtga na^'B Phmoicb, Ha cTapoMX xojnr6 
flHHRyjio. YAHBHTeJiBHaH no RpacoTt BHJiJia Boprese CTaJia 
coOcTBeHHOCTBK) PHMa, H npH MH* npoHCXOAHJio oTRpHTie or- 
poMHott HacuHH, coeAHHHBmett HOBofi ^ynecHoft aJiJieeft rycTO- 
jnHCTseHHUfi napRi* Boprese cb ApeBHHiTB ca^oBTB IlHHHio, rA*^ 
noAB aRa^iflMH h MarHOJiiHMH, uojsj^ cTapuicH nnnUMH h 

JIHJIOBHMH RHCTHMH FJIHIXHHifi 6e3ROHeiHOfl BepeHHI^eS Til- 

Hyrca MpaMopHHe Ciocth He HraJibHHCRHXB TorenijoJiJiepHOffB. 
a y^eHHX^B nncaTejieft, rocy^apcTBeHHHX'B fltHTCJieft. 

OnycTi^jiH pHMCRie xpaMU, e MOJi^arB nycTHH ORomRH hc- 
noBiflajieffB. Kan-B h Tor^a, a npoBejrB fb Phm* CTpacTHy» 
nejsfkjuo H Ilacxy h Mena nopasHJia nycTOTa iiepRBefi bb cpas- 
HeniH ci> npe^HHiTB. JI He roBopK) o cofiop*]^ gb. IleTpa h o 
JlaTepancROM'B co6opt, rat h Tor^a rjiaBHHft ROHTHHrenrB 
noc&THTeJieft 6ujih HHocTpam^i cb RpacHHMH de^eRepaMH bi» 
Rapiianaxi*, — B'B hhi-b To«e 6imo BTpoe MeHBme npeacHHro 
nyOJiHRH, HO, 6hrrb MOXceTB, 8T0 06'BHCHHeTCH MeHbniHtrB npi- 
'b3A0M'B HHOcTpara^eBB,— Mena HHTepecoBajm Apyria Apee- 
Hia pHMCRia itepRBH BpoA^ Maria Maggiore, Maria Sopra Mi- 
nerva, Maria del Popolo h rb MHoroHHCJieHHHa i^epRBH Ha pHH- 
KBX'b, B'B CTapOMTb PHM'fe, nepenoJiHeHHOMT> «HTeJiaMH, TA* 

cofinpaiOTca pnicjiflHe. On'b 6hjih nycrn, h Aase yAHBHTejiBHHa 
cjiy«6u cTpacTHOft hga'^JIh h dHaneHHToe miserere h BejiHRO- 
jri^nnaa nacxajibnaa 06'l^AHa ne co6pajiH h ^ernepTH npe»Haro 
ROJiH^ecTBa MOJiantHxca, h oAHHORia rpynoH Afeeft, cTapH- 
KOBB H mennpTH'B Tepajmcb ne^Ay TeMHUMn^ ROJioHHaHH. 
JIdah yxoAflT-b OTb cTapHX-b nacTHpefl, BJiacTHTeJiefl AynrB, 
OTB npe^HHX'B yHHTejiefl acHSHn. 

CB*TJi*e, npocTopH'fee h paAocTHte CTajio b-b Phm%. Ho 
PQOMy cRJiaAHBaeToa »H3Hb h Bcett HTajiin. 



fl T A 1 1 Jl. Ill 

14 jtkTh Ha8aA'B> M'^HHfl A6Hbra B'B Hui^q'^, a nojiy^HJTb sa 
100 (J)paHKOBi> 107 jiHpi>; h 6HjrB jwuBJiewb, Korfla bx aiorB 
paai MH* npeflJioHCHJiH 3a rfe srq 100 (fp. tojibko 99 jxap-b. B'B 
MOD roaioBy RaR'B-TO He BUfbii^aJiacB MHCJib, hto ^paHR'B cto- 
HTB AemesJie Jinpn^ h HTajisHHCRifl rocyAapcTBeHHHfl 6yMarH 
BHme ({)paHity8CRHX'B. UpoMuniJieHHOCTB HTaJiin Cncxpo pad- 
BHBaercA h, no M£r6Hiio cB'hjijmflX'b JiDAef!, B'B H'bROTopHXB 
orpacJiHX'B onepesaeTB OpaniUD. KaRB h npesK^e, nftiia co- 

CmBJIflX)rB OAHH'B HB'B FJiaBHUXB npe^MeTOBB BUBOSa HTajiiH, 
CB KOTOpofi ROHKyppapyeTB BTb dTOlTB OTHOmeHiH TOJIBRO Poc- 

cia— OAHH'B cBtAyntift qejioB^KTb yBtpaJTB Menn, hto HxajM 
BiiBOdHTB jmi^'B Aajse na 6ojiBniyK) cyMMy, H'bMi Poccifl— ho 

KpOU^ flHICB HTaJliH BHBOSHTB TeuepB 6p0Hefi0CaH H BCflRlH 

MopcRlH cysa h aBTOMofinJiH, c^Hraionijecfl bb EBpbnt Jiyn- 
niHMH H ^0JIyHaK)^^e nepBHH npeniH na icexcAyHapoAHUXB 
roHRax'B. H, roBopnrB, saKasH Ha namnHH HacTo MHHyiyrB to- 
nepB (DpaHiilK) h nanpaBJiHDTCAB'B HTajiiD. Hsut^EEJicn h BHi^m- 
HiJi npecTHS'B rocyAapcTBa, ea Me^AynapoAHnfi yA'bJiBHHft 

Bi^CB BHaHHTeJIBHO HOBHCHJICJi H AO HdB'bCTHOft CTeneHH OHa 

TenepB HBJifleTCH HCjiOKOirB pasAopa, i^eHTpajiBHHM'B nynRTOMB 

MeacAyHapoAHHJB AnnjIOMaTHHeCKHX'B KOM^HHaiUfi. 

Ho He dTOTB ycntxB, ne axo BH'bniHee BoaposKAenie Bann- 
MRDTB Mena, — Tan-B BHyrpn caMoft HiajiiH, bb ntApaxB na- 

POAHOS «H3HH HACT'B 60JIbmaH CJIOXCHafl pa60Ta OCB0609RAeHiH 

OTB HaRonzBmeficH B'bRaMH njri^ceHH n rpaaH, — BospoxcAeme 

KB HOBOfl «HdHH. 

H Bi> 3T0MB cMUCjrb HMi^eTB rjiy6oRifi HHrepecB 3HaHeHH- 
THfi npoi?ecc'B HasH, Oh-b npejioMHJica bb pyccROfl ^npecct bb 
He coBcibifB A0JI3RH0MB ocBibuj^eHiH. Mnorie ycifOTp'i^ bb neM'B 

TOJIBRO BCRpUTie TJiyCOROfi oCu^eCTBeHHOtt fiSBU, noATaHHBaD- 

lAeft opraHZdirB, HiieHHo npHsnaRn padJiomemH HxajilH, rjiy- 

60R0fi nopHH HpaBOBl*. B'B A'bflCTBHTeJIBHOCTH dTO 6hJI0 CHMH- 

TOMOM'B HMeHHO o6HOBJieHlH H BOBposcAemA HxajiiH. H CJli^- 
AHJiB 8a BTHBTB npoi^eccoBTB H HHTaJiT) nepeAOBHi^H raaeTB 
pasHBixB HanpaBJieHift h hb'b pa3HUXi> i^eHxpoBB HxajibHHCROtt 
»H3HH, — 3X0 Chjtb no6*AHHft RjmqB Bcero ^ecxnaro B'B Hxa- 
JOH, 6e8'B padJiHHiH nanpaBjieHlft, Bcero npoxecxyioiii^aro npo- 
TH6B ocxaxROB'B cxapaTo peacHMa, Bcbxi) npHB'&xcxByDniHX'B 
03A0poBJieHie npaBOB-B. H xo, ^ixo npoAeccB mofb cocxoaxbca 
H padBepnyxBCH bo bcd mnpoxy ero rocyAapcxBeHHaro sHa- 
HBHia— ecxB HecoMH'bHHaH noC'bAa, HecoMH'ibHHUfl Rpyannfi 
maPB BnepeAT). KpaflniH JitBua h coaiaJiHCXH?ecRiH ra3exH, — 
2 TypHHCRafl Stampa, h pHMCRan Avanti, h 6ypacya8HaH mh- 
JiancKan ra3exa Corriere della Sera, h yicbpeHHan pHMCRaa 
Joroale d'ltalia roBopHJiH npH6jiH3HxeJibHO oaho h xo ace: „HaMB 
He HHTepecHQ h ne Baxcao, KaRony aaRaaaHiD noABeprHyxi> 



ll^ C. te JI ^ A T B B B G K t fi. 

HasH, HEM'S BaatHO, ^to npecxyiuieHie otkphto, rjiydoKie no^ 
poKH a^MHHHCTpauiH oTAaHH HE cyflt o6mecTBeHHaro MHtHia 
H saKJiefiMeHH noaopoM'L*'. ^HaMX se HHiepeceH'L Haan caMX 
no cee-b, mh 6opeMca He npoTHBt jiHUia, a iipoTHBi> CHCxeMH, 
H MH npHB'feTCTByeM'B ocyat^^eHie Haaa, KSLRiy ocyat^eHie 

CHCieMH*. 

3to 6u3rb B3pHBi> Bceo6iii;aro HeroAOBanm h orpoMHOfi pa- 
fl;§CTH, o6i>eAHHKiBmefi Bcbx-B, paflocTH aa TopmeciBO rpaacaafi- 
cTBeHHocTH. H TOJiBKo. H CyHTX H86HpaTejiea Ha3H, 8Toro ro- 
po^a loacHofi HiajiiH, rjsfb xpanaica ipaAHi^iH KOMoppH z ko- 

HHTCfl CneD[H(|)H'3[eCKift MtCTHHfi naTpiOTHSMX,— TOJIBKO HOfl^ep- 

KHyji'b o6in;eHTajiBaHCKoe BHaneHie npoi^ecca HasH. 

H BO BceMT* 3T0M'L Hpoitoccfe MOO BHHMaHie ocTaHOBHJia eme 
OAHa Hepxa,— eflnHo/tymie, o6mifl hbhrI), na KOTopoMi roBO- 
pHJiH coniiajmcTHqecKia h necoiuajiHCTH^ecKia, ho neaaBHCH- 
MHfl raseTH, o6n]^ toh-b, BosMomHocTb KOToparo a ne Mory 
ceflqacB IIpe;^CTaBHTB ce6i bo Opanutiz. TaKoe ate eAHHOAy- 
mie H o6mi2 aauK-B npoaBHJiHCb h b-b OTHomefliH k'b nanaTH 
A^AMHHHca, — H B-B ou.'bHK'fe ero, aToro 6jiardpofl;Haro ^ejio- 
BiKa, aacTynHHKa aa cojiflarb, ;a[pyra A^Tefi h Hapo^a, o$$h- 
lUajibHO aaperHCTpnpoBaHHaro coiyajiHCTa, comjiHCB raaeTH 
caMNXt pa3HHxi> HanpaBJienijft. A b-b axo caMoe BpeMa pa- 
mi^'h, Bi) cocbAHeflt OpaHiuH, mjia noaopnaa arHTaAia npoTHB-B 
nepeHeceaia npaxa 3oJia bT) naHTeoH-b, h hotokh etmenofi 
cjiiOHH HdjmBajiicb no a^pecy 3oJia na cxpaHHitax'B Haiuona- 
jiHCTHHecKHX'b TaaeTb. 

no Bcen HTajiiH HflerB 6opB6a aa hobob 6yAyiniee, aa ocbo- 
6omAeHie h o6HOBaeHie ea, aa ea BoapoatAenie, — 6opB6a eace- 
AHeBHaa, hh Ha MHHyTy ne aaTHxaioiiiaa, nanpaaeeHHaa a 
CTpacTHaa. He npoxoAarb m^, hto6h raaeTH ne cooCmajiH o 
npoaBJieHiaxT* aHTHKJiepHKajibnaro ABHacenia B'b HTaJiiH, — b-b 
KpynHHX'b ropoAax-B h MajieaBKHX-B o6ii;HHax'B, Ha ctBept h 
lort HTajiiM npoHCxoAHT'b cTOjiKHOBeaia. BHsaerB, hto MeJiKie 
cjiynaH paapocTaiOTca B'B co6HTia, Aaiorb hoboa'b k'b orpoM- 
HHM'B AeMOHCTpaniaM'b, K'B oficyacAeniH) cb napjiaMeHTCKofl 
TpHfiyHH, HO ropasAO BaacH'fee HMenHO 3th emeAHeBHHa Kopo- 
TeHbKia aaM'bTKH, — o6i> nanacnJiOBaHiH MonaxoM'b MajieHbKofi 
A^BO^KH, npaKTHKyeMHxi> MOHaxaMH o6HHaax'b B'b Moaa- 

CTHpCKHX-b IHKOJiaX'b JlflH MaJIBHHKOB'B, BOpOBCTB'fe MOHaXa, 

iioAA'feJiK'fe KJiepHKaJiaMH HafinpaTejibHHX'B CHWiJieTenefl bi> My- 
HHipnajibHOH 6opB6t. KaateTca, THcann peBHHBHXi> nenpiaa- 
HeHHHX'B TJia3i> cJi'^AHTB 8a KaHCAHM'B mapoM'B MOHaxa, aa 
rbM-b, HTO A^JiaroTB h coCnparoTca A'bJiaTb pyKOBOAHTejiH hb^ 
BaTHKaaa. H aTorb KJiepHKajibHUH Bonpocb npHBXOAarb cefl- 
HacB BO Bct BonpocH HTajibaacKofi atHaHH, — h B'b o6me- 



V 



M T i j[ I fl. lid 

rocy;^apcTBeHHyK) nojiHTHKy, fb Bonpoci; o HapoAHoirB o6pa- 
aoBaHlH, B'L MyHHiptnajibHyK) acHSHb ropoAOB%. 

BfalTb MOJKeTTb, B-B HtKOTOpofl. Mtpt BTO OMtecTOHeHie 6opb6H 

o6'i>flCHHeTca hoboh noani^iefl RaTOJiiiHecKaro AyxoBeHCTBa B'L 
HxajiiH.— HMCHHO t4mi>, hto oho He noAejiaJio Ao^ibme cha^tb 
AOMa, ocTaBaxBcji b^b nojioaReniH roHHMaro ydHniia. nepecTaao 

SAaTB, HTO BOTB U^lAJSyTb 06pa3yMHBIIlieCH HTaJIBflHI^U U OCBO- 

6oftaTB ero otb lyfenefi, KOTopHa oho caMo nanoaHJio Ha cefin, — 
H aa nocjT&AHlH ntcicojiBKo ji'^tb, cb 6jiarocJi0BeHiH BaTHRana, 
HTajiBJiHCRoe flyxoBeHCTBo Bumjio Ha yjinity h go Bcefi cHJiofi 
HERonjieHHofi 3HepriH h orpoMHofi opraHHSOBauHocTH pHHyjiocb 
BO BcaRyi) yjiHiHyi) 6opB6y h b'b oco6eHHocTH CbeTca xe- 
nepB CB coui&jiucxaMH aa o6jiaAaHie MyHHUHasuiHxexaMH. 

KorAa norpymaeniBCH B'B npoBHHitiaJibHyK) jrh8HB, aaHHMa- 
»myK) B'B HxajiBUHCKiix'b rasexax'B xanoe orpoMHoe M-bcxo bt> 

CpaBHeHlH CB CRy;^lIbIM7> M HHU^MM'B npOBUHI^iaJIBHUM'B OXAt* 

JioMX (|)paHuy3CRHX'B raaeTB, MyscxByeinB, RaRoe uiHpoKoe h 
rjiyCoKoe ABHHieHie B'B pasHWX'B HanpaBJieHiaxB imfiTh B'B hh- 
sax'B HxaniH, Ranaii cxpacxnafl, HaupHKceHHaa emeAHeBHaa fiopB^a 
coBepmaexcH xaM*B. Ujierb orpoMHoe ABHacenie B'B c^ep'b Ha- 
poAHaro o6pa30BaHiH, B'B c(})ep'6 MyHHi^nnajiBHoA »h3hh, — npo 

THB1> CXapHHHUX'B pOAOB'B, daXBaXHBHIHX'B BB CBOH pyKH lli^GX- 

HyH) AH3HB, sKCJiaioiiiHX'B HCHOJiBBOBaxB 66 RB cBoeMy fijiapono- 
nyrii), npoxHB'B MaJienbRHX'B HasH, noARynaronxax'B h paaapa- 
in;aionuiX'B MtcxHyio «h3Hb. HAeTT> 6opB6a cb rjiyfioRo pasBpa- 
ii^eHHoft ^0JIH^ieft, He uoryusfiA oxRaaaxBCH oxi» cxapux'B 
nexoAOB'B npoHSBOJia h noARynnocxH, HendM'bHHo noAAepxcH- 
BaK)ni;efi MajienbRHrB Haan u m'I^cxhux'b poAOBux'B h npoMHm- 
jieuHHX'B MarnaxoB'B h RjiepHKajioB'B h, B'b xtcHOMi) coApy^ce- 

CTB'h CB Ma(|)$iefi, H ROMOppott, H BOpOBCRHMH oiaflRaMH, yRpH- 

Baiontea npecxynjiema, $a6pHRyK)nxeft cb opyaRieM'B fb pyRax'B 
MyHHifHnajiBHue h napjianeHxcRie Bu6opH. Bx oxa^bhux'B 
cJiyqaHX^B cxojiKHOBeflia cb nojiHi^iefl h aAMHHHCxpauiefl xoace 
BapocxaioTB ao orpoMHHX'B AeMOHCxpaqiil cb RpoBaBHifB (|)u- 
HaJioiTB H AO o6ni,e-uxajiBflHCRaro Bonpoca na napjiaMeHxcROu 
TpHdyffb. 

Bo BCK) HA6XX coi^iajiBHaa 6opb6a xpyAa ex RanaxajioM'B... 
Hy M0sexi» 6uxB, caiioe Rpynnoe HSM'I^HeHie B'B couiajiBHou 
SH3HH HxaJilH, — 3X0 BHpocfflaH 3a nocJi'feAHie 15—20 nlMrb 
orpoMHaa opraHB30BaHHOcxB xpyAnmuxcn RjiaccoB'b Hacejienifl. 
FasexH hojihh ox^exajiH o BacbAaHinx'B MfecxHwx'B co^iaJIncxH- 
HecRHix H npo(|)eccioHaJibHux'B rpynn'B, oC-b o6jiacxHux'B h 
oCme-HxajibiJHCRHX'b cB'baziax'B npeACxaBHxejiefi xpyAOBHXT) 
opraHHBaqifi, h y«e no xowy, RaR'B noApoCno, hojiho h xiu;a- 
TeJiBHO, - AO oxAtJibHHX-b BocRJiHuaHlfl, AO neppAaHH Aa«e 
aecxoBB opaxopoBTb, — pe^epapyioxcH bxh cb'^bau, bhaho, RaRyio 

Iioxb. OTA-kni I. 8 



114 «. BlfiATBBBCRlt. 

orpoMHyD pojiL OHH HrpaiorB b-b cxpaH'^, h KaKoe ana^ieHie 
npHflaeToa hmx npeccofl. 

H eme oAHo a ne Mory He OTM^THTb b-b ncHxojiorm coBpe- 
MeHHaro irraJiBaHCKaro pafionaro ABHatema— ero aKTHBHOCTB, 
ero Hanpa^KeHHocTb. 

EIcjiH 6h Mena cnpocHJiH, KaKoe cjiobo cjiumHTca Tenepb 
^ame B% HiajiiH h BBy^HXTb rpoM^e, — a, ne Koae6jiacb, CKa- 
aajTB-fiH: ^raonepo" (sciopero — CTa'iKa). CxaHKa ciajia (JyffHaMH 
»H8HH, emeAHeBHHM'B coAepxcaHieM'b raseT'b. CTaiKa oKaaiH- 
BaeTCfl, CTaHKa paaropaeica, cTanKa roTOBHTca. CiaqKa na 
ctBep*, cTa^Ka na jot% bt* TocKaat, HbeMOHTi, B'b reayb, 
CTaHKH AepeBCHCKia, CTa^acH ropoflCKia, cia^icH npoMHniJieH- 

HUX1> pa601HX'By CTaHRH peMeCJieHHHKOB'B. H He CTOabKO BaSHU 

pesyjiBTaTu ThYb hjih Apyrnx-b cTa^ewb, ckojibko xa ncHxo- 
Jioria HTajibancRaro pa6oiaro, to nacTpoeme MaccB, KOTopua 

BCRpHBaiOTCa B'b HHX'b. 

Mh'6 npHiujiocb Ha6jiK);[(aTb mari) 8a inaroMi» nocJi']^AHK)K) 
Bceofin^TK) 3a6acTOBKy B'b Phm*. Mothb'b 6HJi'b ciy nameft 
o6H?HOti pyccKoft tohrh sptnia HH'^TOscHuft, ohx 6Ha'b He^o- 
cTaT0^eHi» H cb eBponecRolk tohrh dp'&Hia wia Bceo6iii;efi sa- 
6acT0BRH,— 8a6acTOBRa fiHJia, TaRx cRaBaTb, ne nayHHa. Xopo- 
HHJiH pa60Hie TOBapHiua-RaMeHni;HRa, saAaBJieHHaro TaacecTbio 
na paCorfe. XoponnJiH ero CRpoMHoft npoiteccieft TOBapumn no 
peMecJiy, h Borb noTOMy, hto noJiHipa ae nycRajia npoitecciro 
no Tofl yjiHitt, no Roropofi xorfejiH hath pa6o^e, h Tpe6oBaJia, 
hto6h ROJiecHHita cb MepTBUMT* rfeJioM-b cBepnyjia B'b Apyryx), 
ysenbRyx) yJiHuy, h nojiHJoiefioRie rpy6o cxBaTHJiH noAi> ysAi^M 
JiomaAeft h craJiH chjioS cBopanHBaxb cb nyTH, — nojierfejiH RHp - 
HHHH B'b noaHAlK) H RaapdHHepoB^b, a OTxyAa cTajiH cTp'fejiaTb h 
HtcRoabRHX-b yfiHJiH, H MHOPHX-b paHHJiH,— oe-baBaeHa fiujia Bce- 
o6niaa 8a6acT0BRa. IIpoHcmecTBie cJiy^HJiocb A^enx MeacAy 
HacoMX H TpcMa. B'b 6 Hacoet HasHaneHU 6ujm sac^AaHia ot- 
A'faJibHurb pattoHHUx'b opraHHBaqid, B'b S 8ac']^AaHie romhtb- 
TOB'b OTA'^JiBHBix'b napTifi, H86paHHHe TaM'b npeACTaBHTejiH 
comjiHCb eb 11 HOHu na oCcyacAenie o6ni;aro Bonpoca, RaRX 
peanipoBaTb na co6uTie, eo emopoAVb nacy hohu BHHeceHO 6usio 
P'ftmeHie ofi'baBHTb Bceo6ni;yH) ropoACRyio aaOacTOBRy cii S-mu 
Haco6^ ympa... 

Si noMHK) npomjioroAHioH) 3a6acTOBRy 6yjioHHHROB'b vb Ila- 

pnacfe, R-b ROTOpoft AOJirO rOTOBHJIHCb, O ROTOpOfl SaAOJITO HSB'b- 

ni;ajiocb coipajiHCTHHecRoft raaeTofl, RaR'b oO'b orpoMHoft aa- 
6acTOBR'6, B'b ROTopoft Bcfe npHMyTb ynacTie,— a ne noMHH), 
RaRofi npoueHTb 6yaoHHHROB'b npnnaa'b ynacxie B'b 8a6acT0BR'b, 
HO fiacTyiou^HX'b oRaaajiocb onenb Majio^ h CTaHRa npoBaJiHJiacb. 
He TO 6ujio B'b Phm'S. B'b TOT-b Be^ep-b a noKynajn> Bcfe raacTbi, 



V 



H T A Jl I fl. lis 

BUXOAHBmifl Be^epHHMH BunycKaicH, h b-b , Jomale d'ltalia'' npo- 
^jsThJTh coodn^eme ^'b TaKOirB CMUCjrb: „Mu tojibko tto aojiy^HJiH 
TO^rauACB'^A^Hifl HBi RBecTypu H MOseiTB ycnoROHTB nytfJiHRy, — 
TOJIBKO HesHaHHTejiLHaA HacTb HSBOBHHROB'B upHifeTB y^acile BB 
8a6acTOBKt. TpaHBaH ne 6y;iyTB xoahtb no raRHiTL-TO yjiH* 
i^aM'By a no TaRHBTB-To 6yAyTB xoahtb, bb oco6eHHocTH no JiHHin 
TpancTeBepe, ROTopan o6cjiy»HBaeTB, rjiaBHUirB ofipasoirB, pa* 
6oHie RBapxajiH h Hy»Ha hbtb caMHMB'*. B'b 6 nacoB^b yrpa, 
T. e. HepesB neiBipe cb h^itb-to naca nocji^ peaojuoipH, sa* 
6acT0BRa Oujia ocyni;ecTBJieHa— He BU'bxaJTB hh oahhb hbbob- 
^iHRB, HH OAHHi> TpaifBaft, HC BumJia HH OAHa raseTa, Rpoirb 
^Popolo Romano", Ha6opnjHRH ROTOpofl He coctohjih bb pa6o- 
Hefi opraHHsai^iH. Mu "bJiH Tpn ahh xaR'B nasBiBaeMfiitt cojiAaT- 
CKifixjrbfiB, T. e. Bune^eHHHfl cojiAaTaMH, h h napoHHO o6xoiiHJn> 
OyjioHHUfl Moero paftona h HHPA'b ne uorh AocTaTB o6uHHaro 
cv&Raro xji-bda. H MajieHBRaH canoAHan MacTepcRafl na Moett 

JJIEH% FA^ paOOTaJIfl TOJIBRO .XOdHHHB*' H •pa60THHR'B'', Sa- 

6acT0Bajia, h b'b nojiyoTRpuTux^ naraBHHax'B 6ujio nycTo 
xoBJieBa 6ojiBnie npoBOAHJiH BpeMH na jjimufk noA'B cbohmh 
MaradHHaMH. o6cysAaH bb Tomrh, crojibro AHeft npoAOJiSHTCH 
cra^Ra, hI^mb bb icarasHHaxB, B'B ROTopue ne sarjiHAUBaJTB 
noRynaTejn». 

3a6acTOBRa nponuia desx naoii^finiaro ocjiOAHenlH. A bha'^JTB 
BOBBpantaBmyiDCH cb RJiaA^nn^ai cb noxopoHB y6HT£ix'B, TOJiny 

HB 30—40 THCH7B HeJIOB'^RB. Clk CypOBIIlfH HanpJUKeHHHMH 

jnmaMH OHH MOjiqa ABHrajmcb no yjunsfk KaBypx h, bhahmo, 
Tn;aTejn»HO HsdiraJiH bchrhx'b cTOJiRHOBeHift cb BOficRaifH, ne- 
npepHBHOfl ifboBK) pacTHHyBmHMHCH no 6oRaMB jjnaiu h bb 
BHXQAax'B nepeyjiKOBB, BeAynijHXB cb yjnmH KasypB kb Ksaft- 
ponajiy. HejiBSH ne otm*thtb, hto, He CMOTpa na xejierpaMMy 
nenrpajiBHaro ROMHTeia, pyROBOAHBmaro aafiacTOBRofl, paso- 
cjiaHHyio BciDAy h npeAJiarasmyK) MtcTHHifB pafio'iHMB opra- 
HHsaixiH He ycTpaHBaib 8a6acT0B0R'B, a npoTecTOBatB no noBOAy 
cotfHTia ApyrHMH cnoco6aMH, — H'JbROTopne ropoAa ne noAHH- 
HHJracB H Bce ace ycTpoHJm 8a6acTOBRH na OAHHB-ABa ahh... 

KaRB no MaHOBeniK) AHpH)RepcRofi najioHRH, ocraHOBHJiacB 
yjiHHHaH «H8HB, TaRT* »te HepeB-B Tpn ahh oHa ABHHyjiacB crb 
Tofl TOHKH, na ROTopoft ocTaHOBHJiacB. a He pacii%HHBa]o CTe- 

neHB OCHOBaTeJIBHOCTH H peSOHHOCTH 8T0ft 8a6aCTOBRH, HO 6UJI0 

yAHBHTejn>Ho to eAHHenie, la opranuBOBaHHocTB h AHCivinjiHHa, 
ROTopufl CRasajiHCb B'B nefi. H HanpnaceHHocTB HacxpoeHlH... 
TenepB bb HxaJiiH HAeTB cipacTHaH 6opB6a cHHAHRajiHCTOB'B 
CB HHTerpajiHCTaMH h pe<{)opMHCTaMH. HeanojiHTancRafl ,,La pro- 
paganda^ e»eAHeBHo o6jraBaeTB noMOHMH napjiaMenrcRnxB 
coqiaJiHCTOB'B, ne npoxoAHTB hh oahofo pafionaro CBtsAa,' ta* 

He nOAHHVaJIHCB 6h CTpaCTHHH oCOCTpeHHUH OTOJIKHOBeHiH chh- 

8* 



116 C. E JI n A T b E B «J K I «. 

j^HKa^incTOB-b, H aHapxo-couiajiHCTOBt, no npeHMymecTBy K)«aHi>, 

CB cfeBepHHMH llTaJIbaHCKHMH COHjiaJIHCTaMH,— H, rfeMt He Mentt*, 

MaHH(|)ecT'fc, BHpa6oTaHHHfi HOHbH) nocJit npHHiiTia Bceo6meM 
aafiacTOBKH h pacKJieeHHHH Ha apyroft Aenb no BceMy PHMy, 
Chji'e noAnacanx couiajiHCTaMH Bctx'B oTxtHKOB'B,— h napTieft 
MaABHaHCTOB-B, H napiiefi pecny6jiHKaHueB'b, h napTiett pan- 
cKofi MOjionejKtf (a He noMHto TOTOaro HaBBania ea) h rpynnofl 

aHapXHCTOB'B'-COlUaJIHCTOS'B. 

UoBTopflR), sL He xoHy noAHHMaTb Bonpoca o ui-fe^iecoofipaa- 
HOCTH H, TRKh cKaaaTB, npaBHJibHocTH BToflt 3a6acT0BKH. napjia- 
MCHTCKaH couiaJiHCTHHecKaH ^paKi^ia 6HJia, noBifj^HMOMy, neno- 
Bo.TibHa 3a6acTOBKofi, h Kb HacTHUxi> paaroBopax-b ch cBtny- 
mHMH jnojxhu^ H Koe-rA* Wh nenaiH mojkho 6hjio BciptTHTb 
BanoAo3pnBaiomiee HeAoyM'feme no noBOAy soaa KHpnaie^, ne- 
oatHAaHHo noHBHBmaroca HMenno bti MOMenrb, Kor^a nyaKHo 
fibijio paajipa^eflHOtt lOJint WTb bt> pyKH to, Hinrb mo»ho 
6HTb nojinuiiD H BOfiCKa. Koe-r^t h ne bo Bpa«fle6H0M'b Jiarep* 
upocKajibsyBajio npeflnoJioxcenie o npoBOKauia co CTopoHH 

CHHJlHKaJTHCTOB'B H aHapXHCTOB'B, HCOJiaBmHX'b COSHaTb JlOJl- 
3KHyK> oOcTaHDBKy. C'b flpyrOU CTOpOHH, BTb He -COlUaJIHCTHHe- 

cKHxt H B-L TO 3Ke BpeMH He $paHu;y3CKaro Tana HTajiban- 
ckhxij raaeiax'B, bi> j>o]ifb ,Messagero" h „Jornale dltalia"*, 
npHBOAHJiHCb peaoHHHa coofipaacema o towb, hto cxa^KH, na- 

CTOJIbKO ^aCTHH H yCTpaHBaeMUH no TaKHlTb HeOCHOBaTeJIbHHMt 

noBOAaM'B. He iiocTHraiorb Tofi ittjia, KOTopaa HMteica bb Be^y, — 
o6HEaTejin opeBUKaiorB £*& hmmb, TdiKh hjih nna^e npncnoco- 
fijiaioTcji, u BB peayjibTarfe ncHxojiornqecKoe BHaneHie TaKHXT> 
aafiacTOBOK'B Moxcerb cBecxHCb Kb nyjiK). NioH jiHHHua Ha6jiB0- 
j^eaia cKOpie noOTBep3iCAaK)Ti> 3To MHtnie. 

Bhjih Hanyranu HHocipaHUH, h okojio 800 HHocTpanaeBx 
BH-fexajio B-L nepBHfl «e flCHb; roBoparb, enxe 6ojibmee ^uhcjio 
M3T><3a axoft aafiacTOBKH ne npifeajio b-b Phmb, 6oaJiHCB 
MtejitsHo^opoJitHofl saOacTOBKH. Ho pHMCKiu oOuBaxejib, oHe- 
BHUHo, onofiaro 6e8noKoficTBa He HcnfcixfaiBajrB, — y flsepeft iiara- 
3hhobi> h B-h yjiHHHofl TOJiH* OTHocHxejibHo 6jiaroflymHO o6cy- 
3KjiaJiH— Tpn ETJiH HHXB JiHeft npoflo«Hxca aaCacTOBKa, h bi Tofi 
cpe;iHeiJ oSHBaxejiBCKofi HxajiBancKofi ceMb*, rfl* a xchjtb, 
xoBflHKa AOMa j^oCpoflyuiHo HSBHHajiacb, hxo MoaoKo a 6yAy 
nojiy^axb no npeatHOMy, a xjii6'b npnj^exca mh* tcxB coji- 
AaxcKift. H a cqnxaio HyxcHUMi) oxm^xhtb »to oxHomenie o6h-: 
BaTejibCKiixi> caoeB'B h ne coi^iaJiHCXHiecKHXB raaexi* kb 3a6a- 
cTOBK'fe^— Bi* Phm* coBC'bM'B He ^yBCXBOBajiocb HH xoFo 8Jio6Haro, 
HiJ xoro npeapHxeaBHo-HacMimjiHBaro xona, Koxoputt 6HBaeTT> 
B-B xaKHXB ^^Jiyqaax'B bo (|)paHixy3CKHX'B eypwyaBAHX-B raae- 
xaxB. 

Si He 3HaK> H He xo^y pasfiHpaxB, Hac^oaBRo cnpaBeA-^HBfai 



\ 



H T A Jl I if. 117 

npeflnojio«eHia o noflKJiaAKi 3a6acTOBKii, — mch^ HHxepecyerB 
FB 3T0fi pHMCROJfi 8a6acTOBRt eH ncHXo^om, TO oco6eHHoe, 
npHBxoAHBinee n't Hee, hto oTJiH^aerb HTaJiBaHCKoe pa6oHee 
flBH«eHie OTB ocTajibHoro KOHTHHeHiajibHaro eBponeftCKaro pa- 
6o^aro ABH«eHiH. 

H Ror;ia a HETaD coo6meHiii o cTanicax'b bi> HxajiiH Boo6me, 

KER'b 6HCTpO, no 6CHKHM1> HOBOAaMli, BOBHHRaDTB OWh, H RaR'b 

HacTO npojiHsaercfl bi Ejsx'h RpoBB, — npe^o MHofi oco6eHHo 
flpRo BCTaerB cneij^lajiBHO'HTajiBHHcRift xapaRTepi TaMomHiiro 
pa^OHaro ABHsceHiH, ero TeMnepaMevrB, HacTpoenie, ero naiipH- 

meHHOCTb H CrpaCTHOCTb,— H H HeBOJIbHO JSJU9lV>, Hmy npHHHH'B, 

noHeify oho TaRX cjioh&hjiocb. 

H noMHK^, RaR'b b'b „flHH CBotfofl'b", ROFfla nocjrfe hohtobo- 
Tejierpa())Hofi 3a6acTOBKH BcnHxnyjia xaRaa-^e b-b riapawfe, — 
(}>paHny8x, RoppecnoHAenrb OOTOfi Hs-b napumcKHX'b raaerb, b-b 
Rpy^RRt pyccRHx-B 3HaR0MHXi> npe^cRasHBajTB Hey^any 4*paH- 
oyBCRod cTaqRH h o^'bhchhotb, hto (j[)paHay3CRie noHTajiBOHU u 
Tejierpa())HCTH He cMoryrB TaR'B AOJiro u Apy»cHo, RaRi> pyccRie, 
BBiAepacaTb, noTOMy hto mwh TpyjCHo oxRasaTbCH ot-b cbohxi> 
ycTaHOBHBniHxca upHBHHeR'b, wtJiaBiEHXca MCH3HeHH0fl Heo6- 
xoAHHocTBD, — H3B'6GTHaro ROM(|)opTa, npHBUHHaro o6tAa, era- 
RaHa a6ceHTa, Benepa b'b Ra4)a cb nojioaceHHHMi> ROJiHiecTBOMi 
RpacHaro BHHa hjih uHBa, otb Hero JierRo OTRasaTBCH pyccROMy 
noirajiBOHy, HirbioiaieMy npo6jieMaTHHecRi£ o6'h]ii> h HeBupa6o- 
xaBmeMy noTp€6flocTetr, otb RoiopHXi xpyflHO 6h;io-6h oTRa 

SaTBCfl. 

BuTb MoserB, bto npaB^a, h Aa»e 6oji'be o6mHpHaH, npHtrb- 
HHMaa He R% oj\no1i Opanuiu, 6uTb Mo^erb, h HxaJibflHCUJ 
TaRi se 6tiiHH, RaRi» pyccRie, h hmii xaRi* ace JierRO oTRa- 
aaTbCflOTBToro iiajiaro, qro ohh HM'faK)!^, ho jifk^io, ROHe^no, He 
wh aTOBTB o;5HOM*B, H ocoCeHHOCTH HTaJibHHCRaro paCoHaro abh- 
aeenifl nyacHo ncRaxb B'b odu^uxi ycjioBiflxi> cxpaHU, B'b xapaR- 
Tept Hapofla, wh ero Hcxopin, b'b o6in;eMX yRJia^t 3RH3hh,— B'B 

TOITB OSmeMX H rJiaBHOMI>, HTO flaMCe OJUHOXOHHyiO COUiaJIHCXH- 

HecRyi) cxeMy npexBopaeTB B'B npHHyfljiHsua, p-feaRo hhahbh- 
jiyaJiEdHpoBaHHua <{)opMU, bi> cxporoM'B cooxB'bTCTBiH CB xapaR- 
xepoiTB cpeflH, CB ycjioBiaMH cxpaHH, b'b Roxopofi paaeepxH- 
Baexca dxa cxeiia. 

Jl^o vb ocoCeHHocxax'B cavofi HxaJiiH, xaR'B p-hBRO bo Bcfex'B 
oTHomeHiHX'B BUA'iMiHDiueacfl Hs^B ocxajiBHfaix'B eBponedcRHXx 
rocy^apcTB'B. 

H oAHa HS'B xapaRxepHuxx oco6eHHOcxeu HxajiBHHCRoft 
acHBHH — orpoMHoe Mtcxo, Roxopoe saHHMaexrb B'b nefl nepeBHa h 
Bce,HXo cTb ;iepeBHefi cBaaano. KaRi aflua—OAHH'B h3i> rjraBHHXii 
npeAHexoBX ea BBiBosa, xaR'B h AepeBHa arpaexi^ orpoMHyio 
pojiB BO BHyxpeHHeft AH3HH cxpaHbi H 8aHHMaeTi> 6oJ^>moe icbcxo 



118 0. EJIDATBEBCKI tt. 

vh jrarepaTyp*, na cTpaHHuaxib HTajibancKHX'B raaerB, Ha coijia- 
jmcTH^ecRHX'B Gi>'63Aax'B. H BT> paConeBTB ABHaReHiH Boo6me. 

nionepo BBy^HTB b'b nrajibiiHCKoft flepeBHi TaK'Bace ne- 
npecxaHHo h Chtb Momerb, ;^a«e HacTofi^mBie, ^rkwh bi ro- 
poaaxi, BeMJieflijiB^ecKiJi CTa^KH BosHHKarorB no bchkhitb no- 
BoaaM-B H Be;^yTCH cb Tofi «e cTpacTHOcxBH) H eOTHOflymieMTb, 
KaKB H vb ropoaax-B. H flaae ycTynKH, KOTopHXB yate MHoro 
seHJieBJiaAtjiBi^aMH CA^JiaHO, He ocTaHaBJiHBaH)TB arpapnaro 
ABH^eniA H He Hacuu^aDTB MyKHnfcnxB TpeCoBanift. Hepedi» 
roA'B nocjii^ ycniniHoft ciaHRH BcnuxHBaerB noBan^ h jui& no- 
CTopoHHHro HejioB'^Ra, Ha6jiioAaioiiiaro mchshb hbb raaeTHaro 
ORHa, RaaeTCA, hto TaMB bb AepeBeHCRHXB HHsaxB HrajiiH, 
H^eiB HenpepHBHoe Apoatame hohbh, BcnHXHsaiomefl to Tyra, 

TO TaifB HdURailH HJiaMeHH H nOTORaMH JiaBH. 

H TO o6cToaTejibCTBO, hto arpapnoe ABnaenie cymecTByerB 

BB TaREXB pa3M']^paXB) H HTO RpeCTBAHCROe J[lBH»CeHie H6 OT- 

rpaHH^eHo xaRB p*3Ro, RaR^ bb flpyrnxB cTpanaxi, otb hhcto 
npojiexapcRaro paCo^aro ABHaceniH, npHAaexB coBepmeHHO oco- 
fiHfl xapaRTepB h hphbhochtb ocoCyio CHjiy h bx ropoACRoe 
paCo^ee ABH»eHie. 

repifancRie h <{)paHity8CRie coqiajiHCTii ocTaHaBjmBaDTCfl 
CB fleAoyMi^HieifB h BonpocoMB nepe^B AepeseHCRofl HsropoABi) 

H AOJIAHU JIOMaTB CBOH TeopeTHHOCRifl HOCTpoeHifl H TIIteTHO 

6BK)Tca BB noHCRaxB AOJiacHoft TaRTHRH. TaRTHRa, cyAH no pac- 
npocTpaneHHOcTH h HHTeHCHBHOCTH arpapHaro'cTaTHCTHqecRaro 
ABH«eHiH, noBHAHMOMy, BupafioTana HTajiBHHCRott AepeBHefl 
H corjiacoBana ct> o6nqiirb HTajiBHHCRHM'B coqiajmcTHHecRHiCB 
ABHscemeM'B. Si "THTajiB Heo6uRH06eHHo TporaTejiBHoe oimcaHle, 
maKb npHHHMajm A^peBHH SHaMeHHTaro, h oahofo Esrb 6jiaro- 
poAHtftmHX'B jiDAeft HTajilH,— cTapHRa - co^iaJIHCTa Kocry, h 
RaRB A'^BymRH cb i^B'^TaMH BCTp']^?ajiH ero npn BXOA'i^ bx 
AepeBHH. 

Jl'bjio He BT) oAHteB CTaHRaxB, a Boo6nie bb toA pojm, Ra- 
Ryxy HrpaerB A^P^BHa bb HTajiiH. H to BHHManie, ROTopoe 
yA'bJiHeTCfl HTajiBAHCRoft HHTeJUXureHpieft AcpeBH'b, a^o He 
ceroAHAmHAFO aha. TaMB 6ujio CBoero poAa HapoAHHHecTBO. 
H noMHK) cBoe nnomecRoe yAHBJxeme, TpHAn;aTB Ji'bTB HasaA^, 
RorAa fl ^HTajTB bb ^OTeqecTseHHuxB BanncRaxB** HraJiBflHCRie 
pascRaBH Bepra n ApyrnxT), TaR'B rapMOHHpoBaBoue no Tony 
CB neHaTaBniHMHCA phaomb paacRasaMH Fji. ycnencRaro h 
KapoHHHa H p'bdRO BiJA'^^ABmiecA hsb o6niaro (|)OHa sanaAHO- 
eBponeficRoft fieJiJieTpncTHRH, ta* BCTptHajiHCB tojibro cah- 
HHHHHe cjiy^aH BHKManiH rb AepeBH'6 spoA^ ^HcTopin oahofo 
RpecTbflHHHa", H ROFAa A HHTaJiB OHepRH A. H. HynpoBa h 
cjJHmaji'B OTB HeFO caMOFo paacRaau o6b aFpoHOMH^ecREXB 

npOCB'ikTHTej&HUX'B HaHHHaHlHX'b HTaJliH, H HeBOJIBHO npoBo- 



i- 



T A JI I ^. 119 

AHJTL HenpepuBaiomyDCfl jihhIr) otb vhTb paacRasoB'B Bepra 

Rl> nepeABHJRHUM'B CeJIBCROXOSflftCTBeHHUlfL aRaAeMisiTL. 

BUTb MOSeTB, 3Ty JIHHiK) MOaRHO npOAOJURBTB AO OThWh 

napjiaMBHTa, h, CuTb Hoacerb, He o^Ha rocyAapcTBeHHafl Heo6- 

XOAHMOCTB, HO H BeJI'^Hlfl CHpaBeAJIHBOCTH TOJlRHJOTb HTaJIbHH- 

CKifi napjiaiieHTB na nyxb arpapnux'B pe(j[)opM'B, no RoropoMy, 
noBHAHMOMy, HairbpeBaeTCH hath ohx. 



IIoHeMy HrajiiH Tant rjiyCoKO AeMORpaxHHHa h TaRT> p*8R0 
BUA'bJiHeTCH cBoev) AeMORpaTHHHOcThK) H3X ApyrHXTk BBponeft- 
CKHX'B cTpaHTk? IIoHeMy MOHapxH^ecRafl HTajiin 6edHaAe»H0 
paBHOAyuiHa Ro BCHRHiTb cyBepeHaHii', Kh ROTopuH'B H no cie 
BpeifA HepaBHOAymna pecny6jiHRaHCRaH OpanAia? IIoHeMy He 
apHCTORpaTHHHa oHa, issKb rjiy6oRo apHcroRpaTH^Ha Anrjiifl, 

H HH Bl JIHTepaTyp*]^, HH B'B aCHBHH HTaJObflHCRifl ADR'B He 

oRpyseH'B H coTofl AOJiefl Toro opeojia, ROTopBUCB oRpyacen'B 
aHTjnflcRifi JiopAi>, TaR'b nenpeofiopHMo A'^^cTByDnUft na an- 
rjiificRaro Rym^a, na anrjiiftcRaro RJiepRa? 

y HTaJIbHHCRHXl AH>ROB'B eCTB T0»e JliaTH(|)yHAiH He iieHB- 

niiH, T^M'b y anrjiificRHX'B JiopAos'B, h botb— CTapHRi pyccRifi, 
6ojiBme ABaAiiaTH ji^tb npoHHBmijB wb HTaJiiH, BpanxaBmiflCH 
H MesAy RpecTbflHaMH h MeasAy noM^mHRaMH, padCRa8UBajii> 

Mfl'Jb, RaRO£t yAHBHTeJIBHUfi TOHl OTHOHieHifl cymiecTBOBajTB H 

cynxecTByerB nesAy noiri^npcRaMH h My»HRaMH, h RaRi^ oh^ 
nopaacajicH, noRa ne npHBUR'B, ROPAa bha'^^JTb, hto BXOAHsmifl 
B'B Ra6HHerB Rpyimaro HrajiBHHCRaro noiri^n](HRa ero MyaRHR'B- 
nojioBHHHi;HRi>, He AOHCHAaHCB npHFJiameHiHy 6pajrB cryji'B h 
cEAHJicff. noRa He npHBUR'B H He ydtAHJicH, HTO dTo B'B Hpa- 
Baz'B, B'B yRjiaA'1^ jrhshh, tto TaR'B npHHHTO^ HOApaayM'ibBaeTCH 
caHO co6oft. 

' dra AeHORpaTHHHocTb HyBCTByeTCH Ha RaaRAOM^b mary, ona 
6pocaeTCH B'B rjiasa Aa»e noBepxHocTHOMy natfjiDAaTeJiK) HTajiB- 
HHCROft acHBHH. TaifB He HyBCTByeiCH Toft pasrpaHHHHTejiBHofi 
"■lepru MeacAy BucniHMH h HHamHHH, Me«Ay npHBHAernpoBaHHU- 
iffl HHenpHBHJierHpOBaHHUMHRJiaccaMH, RaRafl6pocaeTcaBi» rjiaaa 
He TOJiBRO B'B PoccIh, HO h bi> PepMaHiH, OpaniUH, Ahtjuh. B'B 
jjtHHHoftTOJin'byHaryjiHHBH B'BllHHHio^B'B TeaTpajiBHoft ny6jiHRi^y 
B'B sejrbBHOAoposHOMi no'bsA'bk — ^bh ne oTjmHHre no ManepaiTB 
^eaoFJ^Ra hb'b Bucmaro o6n(ecTBa h cpeAHHro cocjiobU h AaaRe 
HH»e cpeAHHFO cocjioBiH, ecjiu 8T0 paaoH^e ne noA^epRHyTO 

rpHBHHMH JIOXMOTBflMH, FOJIOAHUM'B JUUJlOlfB, HdMyqenHUMHb BH- 

AOH'B. Ha npieMax'B h npasAHecTBax'B, ycTpansaBrnHXCH 14 jrbrB 
HaaaATb wh necTb MeaRAynapoAHaro MeAHimncRaro Ronrpecca,— 
PA* npHHHMajiH ynacTie npeAcxaBHTeJiH ABopa h apHCTORpailH 
u pHMCRaro MyHHi^HnaJiHTeTa, mh'^ nyaKHO OuJio cnparnHBaxB, 



1^0 C. £ Jt n A t b E B G R I It. 

?To6u He cH'&inaTL dHaTHMinaro repi^ora cb Hsienowb ropoA- 
cRofi ynpaBH, BuuieAuinkB hb'b npHKadSfHKOB'B) h He npHHATB 
BToro npHKasHJHKa aa repi^ora. A npncyTCTBOBaBinifl Toraa bii 
yjiHHHoft TOJint nopTHoft, y KOToparo a «HJi'b, rjiflA'6Jii> na- 
cToa]HHMi> repuoroM-B ex cBoefi BejiHROJitnao^ ciffoft JibBHHOfi 
rojioBofl H, KaK-B repniorb, npHaoAHHMaJi'B mjiany, npiiBtT-^ 
CTBya npotamaBmaro Kopojia. 

fl He HMiJl-B cjiyqaa 6ojr6e 6jih3Ko npncMOTptTbca k^b npen- 
CTaBHTejiaMi> HTajibaHCKOu apHCTOKpaTin, ho MHi^ npHnuiocb 
B-B TOTB paa-B npoBecTH Benep-B y mohx'b pyccKHX-B aHaKOMBCCB 
B-B o6m,ecTB'fe HiajibaHCKoft rpa(|)HHH. H ecjiH 6h He ea htsjib- 
ancKift aaHKi) h ne ea—ruBopHJiH MHt— xapaKxepHoepHMCKoe 
jmufl, H ecjiH 6u a ne anaji'b, hto ona rpa(|)HHa He tojibko no 
Myaty, ho h no poatAeniio, a 6h npHHaax ee aa pyccKyro Kyp- 
cHCTKy, HHiejuiHreHTHyio atefln^HHy HeMHO«Ko TypreneBCKaro 
THna, — TaK-B npociH 6uaH ea ManepH, TaKTb no-pyccKH hh- 
TeaanreHTHa ona 6Haa. Ona nrpaaa MH'b h'^chh 6Q'6'h cjiob'b 
MeHA^aBCOHa h pyccRie poMancu raeuKH h JI^aproMbiscKaro, 
H a noMHK), KaiCB BooAyineBnaacB ona, Kor^a noaceaaaa npo- 
CB'J^THTB Meaa Hac^erB HTaaBancROH MyBUKH. H ocxaaca y 
Mena bt> naMaxH ea ocofieHHHfl acecrt, kotophm-b ona apry- 
MOHTHpoBaaa cboh Mucan iiMenno Tor^a, KorAa 6Biaa BaBoano- 
Bana. H homhk) oahhT) Bosraacb ,ea: „niente! niente!** Hepeai* 
ABa roAa a yBHA'^^JTB bi> Mockb^ Jljse h nopasfcen'B Ciurb ea 
KpHK0Mi> „niente, niente!"— h HMeHHo b-b MOMenrB Bucmaro Ha- 
npaacenia.ea reHiaabnaro TBopiecTBa a yBHA'ba'B TOTB^ce ne- 
o6HKHOBeHHo xapaKTepHHja atecTB pyxaMH, KOToparo KpoMt 
HiaaiH ne BcxptTHinb HarA*, — acecTX xofi HTaabaHCKOft rpa- 
(|)HHH-— H KajcB-To cpasy BcnoMHaai), hto b^ab bto aecrB h 
Moeii xoaaHKH, aceaH noprfloro, totb pHMCKifl acecrB, KOToptiH 
a BHA^a'B Ha pbiHR'6, y npaneniHaro 6accetoa, KorAa ndMbi 
piAHRa H AaMH 6acceflHa paaroBapHBaaH MeacAy co6ofi bT) no- 

BUUieHHOM'B TOH'b. 

H B'B TOTB, H Bx dTOTB pasT* MeHH Hopaacaao, KorAa, bo9- 
Bpanj;aacB aomo^ hs^b Teaxpa, a caumaa'B, KBju'b pacxoAHBmieca 
H8X HapoAnHx-B RaOaHKOB-B pafio^ie ntaa vh ate apiH h cb toS 
me Manepofl, KOiopaa a ToaBKo hto caHniaax bx xeaTpt. H 
MOH anaROMHe, HxaabaHCRie cTapomnau, paacRaaHBajoTB, RaRX 
npocTO HxaaBaHCKie noAeamiHRH, bth npnpoacAeHHHe apxHCTU 
RaMHa, cTaaoBaTca cRyabnTopaMH, h RaRi> 6ucTpo u aerRo 
npHKaa'iHRH nax aaBoRx h HocHabU];HRn A'&^aK)Tca saaMeHH- 
THMH ntBi^aMH CB 6aaropo;iHUMH onepHHMH ManepaMH, h RaRX 
Ceax TeaTpajibHux'B niRoax HxaaBaHRH ji'hjidLvyrcsi aeaHRHMU 
ApaMaxH^ecRHMH aRipHcaMH... HxaaBancRoe HCRyccxBo h no cie 
BpeMa ray6oRO napoAHO, h HxaaBancRaa MyauRa ecxB nenpe- 
pHBaiontaaca xpaAH^ia napoAHofl ntcHH, RaRX h pyccRaa My- 



B T A Jl I S. 121 

auKa,— H Bi) dTOMi CMUCji'b nopa}icaeT'L csoeio oco6eHHoJt CBt- 
H Bca HTaJibflHCRafl acHSHb aaneHarjitHa arofi neoCuRHo- 

BCHHO^ AeMORpaTHHHOCTbD. Mh BCfe dHaCM'B yHJldiJl'b SH8HK 

repMaHCKaro, aHrjiiflcKaro h (J)paHAyacKaro cTyAeHiecTBa... ^jih 
Toro, HTo6u TOJibKo cAaTb BHnycRHue dRaaiceHu bo (|)paHqy3- 
CROiTb yHHBepcHTert, nyacHo sanjiaTHTbTaKyiD cyMMy, ROTopaa 
coBepmeHHO HeAOCTyiraa juojiawb ch naJiUMU cpeACTBaMH,— h 
Bi> MeHK) ({)paHuy3CRaro cTyAeHTa, Mexc^y zipyrHMH oCnaaTeJiB- 
HUMH 6jiK)AaMHy BxoAHrB H rpHacTRa ci» noTpe6HUMH Ha Hee 
pacxoAaMH. Si nopaaceHX 6ujit>, Ror^a ydHaJi'B bi^ sioTh pa3i> 
6i)A«en> BTajibaHCRaro CTjAeHHecTBa, RorAa yanajTb, hto 50 
jrapii (OROJio 20 py6.) ecTb HAeajTB HeanoJiHTaHCRaro cTyAen- 
HecTBa, ^0 y Hero Torb-ate pyccRift HHmift CTyAeHiecRitt 6ioa- 
seTB. B-b Hxi MeHK) He aHaHHTca rpHseiRa, Htrb roHoRTb h 
Bcero peacHMa cxyAeHHecTBa ORC())opAa h KeM6pHA»a> ntrb 
HeH8tf'6HHUXi> 6jiK)A'b FepMaHCRapo RopnopaTHBHaro cryAeH- 
HecTBa, 

A MeaKAy TtMi, RaaeTca, HHrA* H'bTTb cTOJibRO apncTORpa- 
TiH, CROJibRO Bt HTaJiiH. Kaacerca, coBcbMij h^tb npocTo 
;XBopHfli>— Bce rpa({)u, MapRHsu, npHHinne. riancRift Phmi> h 
HeanojiBTaHCRie BypboHH coaAann orpoMpoe rojihicctbo ho- 
BUTh AiOROB'b H rpa(|)OB'b Ha'B npeABOAHTejieft paaOoiiHHHbHX'B 
maeR'B, Ha'B nHpaTOBi), Roxopue nepexoAHjm Kb HnMi> na 
cjiy»6y, HO ohh AaBHO cJinJiHCb c^h cTapuMB HApoMi; ApeBHefi 
HTajibflHCRofi naxpHuiaHCROfl anaTH. /(peBHed aHaxH... Bi) Eapoirk 
HHTAt H'bxi> xaROH ApeBHefl apHcxoRpaxiH, BocxoAfliueii cbo- 
HMH RopfljiMH Ki> aHXH^flUM'B BpeMenaMi) fl3H?ecRaro Phmh. 
B'B fijiecRt MipoBoro Morymecxaa h BHomeft KyjibxypH cxo- 
ajiH npeARH xeneperaHuxi> npan^Hae, KorAa npeARH xenepem- 
EHX-B jiopAOBX H poAOHaHajiBHHRH cyiuecxByK)m;HX'b eBponefl- 
cRHXi RopoJieBCRHxik AOMOBii 6ujiH eusfi HJioxo oCcxaBJieuu 
Hac^exi> HHJBHJiro 6'hjiba h aa MajiorpaMOXHocxbio cxasHJiH 
Rpecxi* HJiB npHRJiaAUBajiH nepcxeHb r'b cbohmI) RopojieB- 
cRHMii MaHAaxaMi>. 

H B'B axoiifB xojKe oco6eHHOcxb axofi oco6eHHoft, nenpaBHJib- 
Hoft cxpaHH HxaJiiH— He xaRTb, RaR'B bo OpanaiH, repManm 
H AhfjiIh aonuia mHanb HxajibHHCRoft apncxoRpaxin. Ohh 
RaR'B nxHqH HeCecHua, hxo hh ciiorb, hh sRuyrb h ne co6h- 

paiDTB B'B 3KHXflHUH H, RaR'B HXHUiH, norHCaDTB, JIHinCEHHe 

cxapHX'B npHBHHHHXB RopMOB-B. T'fe nxHn;H, aHrjiificKia, (|)pan- 
ayacRifl, H'feMeuRia, xoace Hec'feioxi> — ne acHyrb, HOB'batHXHHUH 
co6npaK)Tb, oH-fe TOMce, noBHAHMOMy, oCpe^eHH na BHMHpanie, 
HO fioji'fee it*iiRo Aepaaxca aa cboio acnaHb, aa cbok) rocyAap- 
cTBeHHyx) noani^K), aa cbod anxHHi^y, — oH'fe RaR-b-xo npncno- 



122 C. EJinAT&BBCKlfi. 

C06jIflK)TCfl Kl) HOBUM'B JCJlOBlSlWb, pa8bICRHBaK)'rb HOBHe KOpMa. 

Bi^HHe, aKanKie, o6peHeHHHe jiioah, — HTaJiBancKie ABopane 
HeMomHO cToarB upe^iy jihi^om'b hoboA «h8hh, KaKii hx-b pyc- 
CKie MeH'fee ^peBHie 6paTi>a, TaKie ae oCpeneEHHe, o^yTHBiniecH, 
KaKi> pHi5hi ea Oepery, nocjrfe OTM-femi KptnocTHoro npasa, toki* 
Hce ee npKciioco6HBiniecH kt^ ^rhshh, TaK'B ace 6e3noMOiiiHO 
cToamie npen-b jmi^0Mi> sTwrb hobhx'b ycjiOBifl ^hshh. H 
TEKt Hce manKo CMinmn ohh bt* cbocm'b otophhctb*. HTajiBHH- 
cjcit npHHimie 6jji,eT'b iiHTaTBCfl oah'6mh MaRaposaMH, RaR'b 
ero cjiyra, y Hero ne (5yAerB napH JBap-B na upoBa ajm KaMH- 
Ha, owh Gy^eTB khtb bt> CHpoM'B H xojiOAHOM'B ABopit'fe, HO y 
Hero ecTb napa Jioms^eH ci> deayKopHsneHHO KoppeKTHHin> 
KyqepoMTi hjih aBTOMoenjiB, n ohi* cb chjioA oT^aanifl 6yjieTb 
^ep^RTbcii 3a Hero. 9to ero BHSHTHaji KapTo^Ka, 9to ero naxeHTi 
Ha npima/iJieaKHOCTb k-b „HanieMy Kpyry'*, axo nocjrbuHee, cb 
^tM-B owh paacTaneTCH, h, Kor^a oh'b cb aiHMB paacTaHeTca, 
npHXOAHTB KOHeEfB ero. Tor^a oh'b cTanoBHTCfl declass6, ;rb- 
jiaeTca MajieHBKHM'B HHHOBHHKOMTb, H^exTb B'B ycjiyaKeHie, hjih 
noKHnaeiTj cbok) po^HHy... 

Hjih „bhxoahtb aaMyacB" aa aMepHKaHCKyio AiBHuy... H 
nocjrfc fltfiTB H aBTOMo6HJieft ah>kh— SHaHHTejibHaH cTaiBH Hranb- 
HHCKaro BHBoaa. Hxi* uoj^dnparoTTb napHHccKia kokotkh, «ejia- 
mmXn yB-bH^axB cbod Kapbepy KopoHOK) MapKHan; HspiAKa 
noKynaiOT-b hx-b pyccKin 6apHHH, — noAepjKaHHHft ot)KX ne 
AOporo CTOHTB — H H BHaso He oAHHTb cjiyiaft, Korfla pyccKia 
noMtmHAH CB BojirH H HS-B cTenefi bhbobhjih cefit aidkob-b 

Ch ceMHBTaaCHHMH (|)aMHMHMH; HO FtliaBHKft pUHOR'B PflB 
HiaJIbJIHCKHX'B AIOKOB'B, KaKIi AJIH aHFJliftCKHX'B JIOp;^OB•B, BBH- 

repcKHx-B rpa^OB-B h (|)paHuy3CKHX'B reprtoroBX— AiiepHKa. Ta 
aMepnKaHCKaH j^'&BHqa, ROTopaa, no (SeacMepTHOMy BHpaaemR) 
Tji. ycnencKaro, ^caiia nrpaexB**, noJiy^HJia xenepb BKycB rb 
apHCTOKpaxH^ecRofl Ropont, h hb-b Bcfex-B ROpOHB, ROTOpHa 
fiiferyii* Ki* Eefi, ona BH6HpaeTB no npeHMyntecTBy nraJiBHH- 
cKyM. AsrjiificRifi JiopAT> cjihjhrom'b floporo CTonrB, h ohb 
TiisRejibifl, rpoMOBARifi, Tpy^HO rHyn^ifi[ca; BenrepcRiJtt rpa^B 

TOJIBKO HTO BXOAHT'B B'B MO;iy, H OHTb CJIHHIROM'B aRBOTHHeH-B H 

HflMHomKo AHRifi; BejiHROjrfeneH'B (|)paHi^y8CRift repuopB, ho 
TpyAHo Ha Hero noJio»CHTBca, h noRa hto aMepHRancRaa fltBHi^a, 
KaKB npaKTH^raaa aohb cBoefi poahhh, ocTaHaBJiHBaexcH na 

HTaJIbflHCKOM'B HpHH'IHne. OH'B HOAeOieBJie, H OH'B rH6Rifi, BJia- 

cTH'THHti aoRJiaAHCTHfi, H y Hero ^epHue ornenHHe rjiasa h 
((>aMHJiiB, B'B ROTopofi sHa^aTCH nanH, RopoHOBaHHua oco6h. 
Bto 3By^HrB ropAO, B'B btomb ecTB flance, BupaataHCb coBpe- 

MeHHUM'b HaHROM'B^ H'feHTO MHCTHTOCROe... 



H T A 1 I «. 123 

MH'b npimiJiocB 6uTb HeBOJiBEHBCB GBiiffhTenewh Rymm — 
npoAasH. H npHmejonb vh tocth bx PHifb R'BMoeny pyccRony 
dHaROMOMy.Bme noAHHuancb no jrfecTHHirb, h ycjiumajTB rpoiiRift 
HTajiBHflCRiiS paaroBop'B h BspuBH xoxoTa. Ha sepxHeft luioutaARt 
aepe;^efi pyccRaa hjihh, 6odRafl TBepcRan A'^BynxRa^ He 8a6uB- 
maa •ymeAniH'' h .npHmeAmH" n cbo6oaho 6aJiaRaBinaji Ha 
HTajtbflHCRHX'B iidURax'B, Bejia 03RHBJieHHyK) tfecJMy cb orpoM- 

HUITB T0JICTUM1> MOHaXOlTB. 

BmneAmift xosahhii nosHaROMHjrb MeHH cb o6BoposaTejn>HO 

JII)6e8HUMl> U HeoCHRHOBeHHO nOABHSHUMl> RaTOJIHHeCRHM'B 

afidaToifb H nocji'6 ero yxo^a 06'BflCHHjrb: 

— Mu noBHaROMHjmcb vh Heanojrk 9to a66arb hsi Aiie- 
Phrh.—Oh'b Haasaji'B inTaTi*.— Becejiufi He;ioB'bRi>!.. 

Jl^o 6HJ10 Ha Ilacx'b, h h cnpocHJi'B: 

— QwsLUJivb, npi'j^^ajrb Uacxy BCTp'I^THTb Bi Pvatb h npeA- 
CTaBHTbCfl nant? 

— ^a, ROHe^Ho.— Mofl SHaRoiuift yjiH6Hyjica.— ^a, ROHen- 
Ho... Ho OHi> aMepflRaHeiti>, h y Hero A'bJio ecTb. HestCTy 
npHBed'b Hdi) AMepHRH, AK)Ry OAHony HeaiioJiHTaHCROMy. y 

ADRa H H n03HaR0MHJICfl Cl> HHlfb... 

H o6i»HCHfleTb. 

...EcTb HeanojiHTaHCKift ak>rx cb ropAoft ({)aMHJiiefi, HacTOJiBKO 
ropAofi, HTO HysHK 6ojn>miH cpeACTBa, hto6u noAAepaRaxb 
HecTb ())aMHJiiHl OhI) noAAepiRHBaji'L dxy necTb, na dTo ynuin 
ero cpeACTBa. Oh'b ysRe Cujvb xceHarb na aiiepHRaHCROfl At- 
BKH% HO sena ero ynepjia, h bi> noAA^pxcRt necTH (|)aMH- 
JiiH RaRi>-To pacnHJiHJiHCb rh h^crojibro cotb thch^i'b AOJiJia- 
poBi, ROTopne nojiyHHJTb oh'b b'b npHAanoe. JljoKh noAep^Ran- 
Hufi, eify noAT* nHTbAecATB, ho en^e MOJiOA^QBHa. H botb ohh 
cnHcajiHCb CB a66aTOMi>, ROTopufl nyrb jih ho ycTpaHBaji'B 
eiiy h nepByi) 9ReHHTB6y, h a66arB npHses'B eny hbb AnepHRH 
HeBtcTy. 

Hepe8i> H'bcROJiBRo AHOfi npoHSomjiH CMOTpaHU B'B npH- 
cyTCTBiH Moeft BHaROHOfi, pyccROfi AaMU. Ohh bctp^thjihcb 
^cJiyqaAHo'* na ryjiHHbH, na yjiHitax'B PHMa. A66aTB no- 

SnaROMHJI'B HX'B H HOCJlb ROpOTRarO otflCi^HanpHB'ibTCTBUIBBfljrB 

AK)Ra noATb pyRy h HtcROJiBRo orciaji-B otb ROMaamn; y AioRa 
tfHjTB yApyneHHufi bhab. HeB'bcia ORaaajiacb na BospacT^ h 
Tose noAepsaHHoft, ho a66aTB Becejio h BHeprnHHo noA6aA" 
pHBajn: 

— HenpaBAa jih, ona oneHB HHTepecna? Ho-aHepHRaHCRH 
oHa RpacHsa... Hictoa ycn^bxi^... 

JIpKb MmajTB HTO-TO HeoHpeA'i^eHHoe, hto bx nepeBOAt 
Ha pyccRift hsurb npH6AH8HTejiBHo BHaHHJio: 

— JI-A-Aa^.— Ho cRopo noAfioApHJica h 6ojite yndbpeHHO CRa- 
aajTB:— ^a! 



124 C. BJtltiL'rBBBGKlft. 

HacROJtbKo lAwb HSBtcTHO, cj^^^nRa cocTOJUiacb. ^tflo mjio 
nojTB-MHJiJiioH'fe — H Hcpcat nfi'b HeA*JiH nocjit Moero orB- 
tsAa AOJi«ua 6HJia cocToaxbca CBaj^b6a. IIo KpaftHeft Mipt, no 
cjioBaM'B Moero 3HaKOMaro, uoHTeHHuK adCaTi), OTAaBaBmlfi Majio 
BpeMeHH BaTHKasy h Bce BpeMfl He Buxoj^HBiniJft nz^b foctkhhhx'b 

HTaJIbHHCKHXT> rpa(|)OB'B H MapKHBOB'B, COCHpaJICH y*3«aTb B-b 

AnepHKy,— 6HTb MoateT'b, A^a Toro, hto6h paaHCKHBaxb hobhxx 
aMepHicaHCKHx-B jifkBTi^b fljiH HTajibflflCKHXTb AroKOB-B. 



1 



Ciapoe yxoAHTb. PaapyinaioTca CTapHa sflama, yxoAJiTB co 
citeHH npHHHHrie. Hactb HOBoe... 

fl 6hurh B-b rjiy6HH4 HTaJiiH. Mh aojito 'bxajm BAOJib hh3- 
KHX'b H njiocKHX'b (SeperoB'b TnCpa, mnpoKofi AOJiHHOft pHMCKOft 
KannaHbH. MeHbine OBea-b, 6oJibiue nojTeia, ho tott> ate CTaptifl 

BHATb H TO SRB CiapOe 6e3JIK)Abe. BOTb SaBOAB, OrpOBCHHM'b KHp- 

nH^HHM-b KBanpaTOMT* pacKHHyBHiificfl Ha 6epery pivKH, no 
cTopoHaM-b rpeMani;aro ropnaro py^bH, — HOBeHbKifi, c^h HeycntB- 
niHMn BaKonxHTbOfl RpacHHMH KHpnH^aMH crbH'b h Tpy6i>, a 
Aajibine cpe^b nojiefi KpecTbHHCRoe mnjibe, oAHHORifl cxapufi 

AOMB, THHCeJIHfi, MpaHHUH H K0C060RiH, Cb HOACJltHOBaTHMH 

oKOHi^aMH, Cb HOBBiMH danjiaxaMH Ha cTapoHB rpHBHOMB Tkn% — 

CHpOTJIHBHfi H HeyDTHHfi, H— MH* HOHOMy-TO RaKOTCa,— XaKOi 

xojioAHHfi-xojioAHHiS AOMB. H onHTb 6e3JiH)Abe, cxpaHHoe, yAH- 
BHxejibHoe Bi> 3Tofi expand XHca^eji'bxHefi RyjibxypH, B-b cxpant 
nepenojineHflofi jiroAbMH, ROxopHe padfiiraroxca no Bcbirb cxo« 
ponaM'b B-b noHCRaxB xpyAa, ne xojioAHaro acHJisa, RoxopHe 
HmyxB 0664 nojieft h aojihhi> B'b AajioRofl AMepHRt... JIk)Ah 
en^e TSiWb, na bucorhxI) xoanaxB, naAB aojihhoh, boo chaht^ 
noA'b xibHbK) cxapuxB saMROBB h oxopomeBuxB 6anieH^, 
B'b noRpHXHx-b MoxoMB cxapHX^ yrpDMHX'b AOMax-b, — rfecHO 
crpyAHBmiecH, npHataBmieca Apyn> rb Apyry, RaRB obuh B'b 
rpo3y. H Raatexcii, hxo ohh eni;e 6oaxcH cnycxHXbca cb rop'b 

B'b niHpORyH) AOJIHHy, HXO ohh ho XOXHT-b, — HM-b HenpHBH'IHO, — 
CXpOHXb HOBfcia, BeceJTHH H CBtXJIHH «HJIHn^a, RaRl> paAOCT- 

HKe RoxxeAHCH B'b aHFJiigCRHX'b nojiaxi>, cM'bionijiHOH (|)epMu 
OpaHi^H... 

3aMRH H 6aniHH, 6amHH h saMRH... FoJiue, noRHHyxHe, cb 
nyCXHMH ORHaMH, W£0 cMOxpax-b, RaR'b AMpH Ha MepxBOM-b He- 
penfe. CjiyiaexcH— ocxajiacb xojibRo OAHa fianiHH. Bce RpyroM'B 
Hc^esjio, — cx-feHM H 6o6hhuh h pBH, H cxoHXB OHa Ha fiyrpi, 
0Rpy:ReHHaH ao ea noAHo^Ria BcnaxaHHUMH nojiaMH, nojiypaa- 
BajiHBmaaca, HendB'bcxHo san'bM'b cyn(ecxByH)n];aa, — cxohtb 
OAHHORaa H xaRaa cxpaHHaa B'b 6e3JiK)AbH paBHHH'b, RaR'b oah- 
HORift cxHX'b noxepaHHO]S nodMH, RaR'b nocji'bAHifi rposanuft 
»cecTb yxoAani;efi 6paHHofi paxH... 



tf T A JK I fl. 125 

yniJiH orryAa jidah h ajiJie6apAH, Ronbfl h ikhth, JiyRH h 

OTpaBJieHHHe KHHXCaJIH, H OCTaJIHCb TOJIbKO BHA'bHUI, HTO 6pO- 
i^LTB Bl) JiyHHUfl HOHH Me^K^y Cib^HMH KEMHHMH, HB, CTapUH 

jiereHAH, KaicB TeMuue ieporjin^u, KaK'B nojiycTeprufl HaAnHCH, 
HaHepTaHHHH HensBtcTHOfi pyRod Ha cxapHX'B RaMHaxii... 

nSjifbob 9KHjia npHHiHnecca C({)op- 

iio, 9T0 efl 8aM0Ri>... H Bce RpyroM'L efi npHHaqjieaRajio'^. 

GTopo^R'B CB dbAUMH ycaMH rnHpORHMli »eCTOMX yRasuBaeT'L 
Ba orpoMHyiD paBHUHy, pascTHJiaromyiocfl nepefl-b HaMH hoa'b 

BHCOROfi ropofl, Ha BepmHH'b ROTOpofi CTOHMlt MU Bl> BOpOTaX'B 

saMRa. Mh noAHHMaeMCfl no E^yruwby ysRHMx h TeHHmi'b, 
HS^'^AeHHUM'L BpeneHeM'b RaifeHHUM'B cryneHfltf'B b'B xojiOAHue 
H nycTue sajiH, Hdi^ ROTopux'b »CH8Hb ymjia. drsMii aa 

3Ta3KOM'b, MEMO MaCCHBHHX'b ABepeA CB T^meJIUMH, OPpOM- 

HUMH sceji'bBHUMH 3aooBaMH daxoAHM'B MH 6i> saji'b, rjxh CyAHJIH 
CTapHe C(J)opiui, h B'B saji'b, ta* nnpoBajiH ohh, h b-b aajib, fa* 
BOdJie}RajiH OHH. H RorAa CTopoacb cb ycHJiieBTB oTOABHraerb 
THxcejiud »eJi'63Hufi dacoBi* h oTBopaerB ABepb, ryjii> HAerb 
no cTapoMy saMRy, h nujib BCTaerb cnb RaiieHHHX'b noJiOBi. 
Si aarjiaAWBaiD B'B rtcHyK) h yaRyio TeMnyio ROMHaxy 6e3i> 

OROH'b H BHXCy ROpOTRyD pSRaByiO Utnb, BBHH'ieHHyK) B'B Ra- 

MeHHufl nojTB, iporaK) ee Horoft, OTh nero ona mypmHTb p«a- 
BuifTB, npoTUBBHiTB SByROMX^ H cnpamHBaK) cxaparo cropoata— 

HTO 3T0? Ofl'b TO»Ce AOTpOFHBaeTCa HOrofl AO UfbUK H MCAJIH- 

xejibHO roBopHXi>: 

— Kik Hefi npHHHHnecca C(|)opi;a RapAHHajia npHROBajia... 
Ofl-b HtBoxopoe BpeM^ mojihhxt> h noxoM'b npoAOJi«aerb,— 

H, RamexcH, MCAJieHHO H xpyAHO BcxaK)Xi> y nero BOcaoMHHanw. 

— ...3a xo, Hxo jik)6hxb ee ne xorfeji'b... ;J,aBH0 axo 6hjio. 
Bujia npHHHHuecca y nanu h yBHA'^a xairb mojioaofo Rap* 
AHHaiia, RoxopbiJi RpacHSi^ 6KJi'b, RaR'b anrejiBy h npnrJiacHJia 
ero R-b ceCt B'B aaMOR^b. H boxt> oh'b npitxajn, h ysHHajiH ohh, 
H nocjit y»HHa npeAJioxcHJia ona eny jiiofioBb cbok)... Ho oht> 
Chji'b He RaRb Apyrie RapAHHajiu xorAa, - oHb He xox^Ji-b «eH- 
cRofi jik)6bh h oxRasajicH A'^^^nmixb jidCobb... 

K'b axofi i^'bnn npHHHHnecca C<{>opua h npHROBajia RapAH- 
HUJia, SAtcb H yMepb ohx,— npHHHnnecca He Aanajia eny tcxb... 

CxapHft cxopom'b noRa3HBaexT> MH'b cnajibH© npHHHHneccH 
H saA'bJiaHHyK) RHpnH^aMH MajieHbRyro ABepb HS-b Hen n ro- 
Bopnxi>: 

— BoTb oxcioAa Hepe8x RoppHAopi 6'baajiH ohh, mojioahc 
jiDAH... OH'b MOJiHHTb H CHOBa npoAOJi»caexi>: 

— npHHHHnecca mhofo «)iK)6HJia, npHHHHnecca JinfiHoia Jiio- 
6oBb... Ona pa3UCRHBajia bi> oRpecxHocxHX'b caMHX'b RpacHBfia'b 
DHomel!, H RaaAyro hohb y neft Chjtb DHoma. H, RorAa HO^b 
npoxoAHJia, ona roBopHJia rononrfe: ^6'brH, Cirn, hxo6h xe6a 



r 



126 C. B Jl n A T B B B C K I t. 

ae jBBA'feJiH!*' BoT-b bi aiy flBepb C-baKajiH ohjk no ysKOMy 
TeMHOiry TaflHOMy KoppH^opy, a Koppay^op-B OKan^BLBaJica OTBep- 
CTieM-b B'B 6e8AOHHUfi KOJIOAe^•B. Ty^a nanaJiH ohh h TaifB no- 
rnCajiE, m hhrto ne cjiHinaJi'B kphkobI) hx'b... 

Mh BUXOAHITB Ha ABOpi», Ha BblJIOmenHUfl CTapUMH RaMHHMH 

flBopi. saMKa. CTopoaEfB aeAerB yLeun B'B yrojii) ct^hh h ynaaH- 
Baeiii MH'i HflTHo fiojrfee hobhxi> KaMHeft h tobophtb: 

— BoTB 8A*CB HaHHHaJicfl noAseMHBifl Io;^'B... Korfla acHieJiH 

OKpeCTHOCTefi HaMHHaJIH BOJIHOBaTbCfl, nOTOMy HTO yXOAHJIH bx 

SEMOK-b H He BOBBpamaJiHCb OTxyAa caMBie KpacHBue dhodih 
cTpasUj— npHHHHnecca C(|)opAa cnycKajiacb croAa,— 6BUi'b xofl-b 
npflMo Hs-b saMKa,— H noAaeMHHM-b xoAOM'b nepexoflHJia botb 
Tyj;a,.. Owb yRasHBaeTb na BHflHtronUftca BAaJiH na xojurfe ro- 
po^oKi. E npndaBJiaeT'b: 

— TaM-b TO«e y Heft 6iijrb saMOK'b 

fl ^ojiro cTOHji'b y Boporb saMKa h Bce cMOTptjrb na paa- 
cTHJiaBmyjDCfl npeAO MHOft BnjioTb ao BHpHCOBUBaBmHxca Ha 
ropaaoHTt rop-b AneHHHCKaro xpeCia, BOJiHyrontyroca seJienyK) 
paBHUHj yM6piH ci> fi-fejiofl JieHTOft Aopor-b, cb aejieHHMH hht- 

HEMH BeceflHHXT> XJl460BT>, Me«Ay KOTOpHMH, KaK'b 3M'bH^ BH- 

JiacB piKa OTb rbx'b TyMannHx-b ropii. 

H Bce, HTO KpyroM'b, — JieacHTb npeAO mhoS, KaK'b cxpaHHua 
pacKpuTod RHHrH, 6ojibmoft ApeBHeJi HxajiBaHCKOfl RHHrn. H 
He fly«Ho MHi CTaparo cTopoaKa h Moero cnyTHHKa, hto6h 
npoHHraTb HHCbMena B'B cxapoft KHHr-fe. Borb Tyrb pa^oMi) 
p^Ka paaopBajia ropHHft Kpnacb h, KaK'b cepAHTuft TepeK'b, ae- 
JieBaji Cb 6'h^oA n'^Hoft npuraerb no KaMHHM'b B'b AHKOM'b 
jitcucTOM-b yntejibH, hto6h pasjiHTbCH na nojinxi mnpoKoft 
pnMCKOM KaimaHbH MyiHo-iKeJiTUM'b TH6poM'b B'b njiocKHX'b 
6eperax'b. To 6hjih BopoTa ns'b yM6piH B'b pHMCKyD KaMnaHBD, 
H Ha BHcoKOM'b yxecfe, y Boporb, KaK'b KopmyH'b, cnjjfkjrb ciapHft 
Bd^uQKh u aopKHMH rjiasaMH cMoxp'feji'b, KTO HAerb H KTo •fejie'^b, 
H OTnHpaji'b H aanepaji'b Bopoxa. A no^'b ero KpHJibflMH npi- 
DTHJiHCb, KaK'b cxapHH THtsAa, HHXb MOHacxHpeft no ycxynaiTb 
ropH, Kb 'lam'h jrbca AHKaro yn;ejibH... 

^aBHO rjiyfioKHinb CHOM-b cnHTb npHH^Hnecca C(|)opita, ycxa- 
jiaH orb MHorofl jik)(5bh, h AaBHO ynuia hsI) aaiiKa xa cxapan 

}KHeHb. MhOFO SRHJIbKOB'B nopeM'&HHJIOCb B'b daMK'fe; (SuJI'b OH'b 

HTEJibaecKoft Kp-bnocxbE), 6ujrb oht> rocyAapcxBeHHofi xiopbMoft, 
a xenepb cxopo«'b — eflHHcxBeHHHft KHxejib ero, h cxaptift aa- 
uoKh npo^aexcfl aa HCHeaHOBenieM'b CMUcjia acnaHH ero. YniJiH 
TeMHHe KHxejiH na'b xeMHux'b paacnaaioniiHxca dAanift cxapux'b 
MOHacTupeft, H MOft cnyxHHK'b paacKaaHBaeTb mh* Hx'b cyflb6y,— 
OAHH^b MOHacTHpb KyHHJTb pyccKift xyAomHHKT>, Apypoft cAaexcii, 
Km-h Ad.'ia, sejiaioutHiTL, ffBa coBc^M'b neoCnxaeMH^ h xojxbro 




H T ▲ J I il. 127 

OAHH^ noA'B HamHMH HoratfH ex hprhmh RpumaifH hobuxi> 
nocTpoeR'B, osHJTB HOBofl sHSHbD, — TEii'L nocejiHJiCH iiOHame- 
CRift oppfiWb, HdrnaHHufi H81> <I>paHiuH. JI[aBHO cBHiiQrrB se- 
jrt8HO-Aopo«HHe notBfla b-b yrpioMOM'B jrfecHCTOMX ymejn>H, h 
TOJibRO jsfi'h BCJiHROJi'bnHUX'B apRH yi]('bji'&jin orb Toro rpaHAi- 
OBHaro Mocia HMneparopa ABrycTa, Roropufl Chjtb nocrpoeHTb 
HaA'B ptRoft B-b BopoTai'B ymcjiM. A no CRJiony ropH otb 
cxaparo saMRa r'b Mocxy ABrycxa TflHexcfl ropoflOKB,— Ma- 
jieHBRiA ropoAOR'B. Tone RaRi* cTpaHHi](a rhhth, cTapaa^noseji- 
T^BinaH cTpaHHua cb npuHyAJiHBHMH sacraBRaiiH, (vl saiiacjio- 
BaTHMH MHHiaTDpaMH, Hane^aTaHHafl cTapHHHUMi>, naBHO bu- 
mejunmn hb'b ynoTpefijiemH iiipH(|)ToifB. 

Bee RaMHH H RaMHH, CTapue, noTeMHi^Bmie, noRpiirrue padHo- 
iiB'bTHUMH jiHmaaifH, nyHRH dejieHoA xpaBU h Raxie to oB'b- 
TOHRH Jiibsyrb hbi pacmejiHH'B CTapux'B RaMHeA, n Bce aro 
npHjranmee r'b cRaji'b, RaRi dthibh PH'itoAa, n He BcerAa pas- 
6epemBy visfk ROHHaeTca RaneHB CRajiu h HaHHHaercA HeaoB'b- 
HecRoe JKHJiBe. H TaR'b CTpaHHo-apRO h HeosHAaHHO 6jiemjTh 
Ha cojiHU'6 RpacHue anejiBCHHU h ManAapHHH iieaRAy TeMHHBin 

RaMHflHH, JIHJIOBHH RHCTH TJIHAHHiH H 6tJIHfi HJiam'B HepemHH, 

noBHcmeA na Rpax) yxeca. HjoMa npnjmnjiH jqpyrB R'B Apyry, 
H BepxHie diasH coeAHHeau apRaiiH, hto6h noMepacHBaTB 
jsjpjvb flpyra, hto6h BM*crfe ApoaaxB, Ror^a saTpaceTca thAb- 
Haii HTanBJiHCRaH aeiiJia. A noA'B apRaMH bbdtch TeMHHH ysRin 
yjiHHRH,— yjiHitu-Ji'bcTHiniH. H noAHHifaiDTCH no yjiHuaH'B-jrbcT- 
HHiiaMi» OTB ropoACRoro Rjiiona, xaifB BHHay y ropoACRHX'B bo- 
poTB, HTo ROFAa-To sanHpajiHCB Tfl»ej[UMH acejrbsHHMH aaco- 
BaifH H orpoMHUMH rpeMfliipEBin saMRaicH,— »eHm;HHb[, h RasexcA, 

COmJIH OEfb Ch CTapux'B RapTHHl>, ex TtX'B epeAHOBtoOBUXX 
MHHiaTDpB. y HEXX TSUReJlUB RyBmHHU CB BOAOft Ha TOJIOBaXX, 

owk MeAJieHHo noAHHMaK>TCA Bce Bume h Bume, h BasyTB Ha 
xoAy HyjiRH, H BCAyxB oKHBJieHHyi) eectAy H, TaR-B RaRX Ha 
rosoBax'B hxx THsejine RyBniHHH,— njiaMeHHoA mhmhroA Jiimfii 
aairbHADTB Heo6xoAHMHe njiaiieHHue HrajibaHCRie aRecTU. A aa 
hhmh CHHBy noAHHHaeTca MaaenBRiA oojihrx cb BflsaHRaHH 

APOBB no dORaiTB H THaReJIHA MyJTB CB OrpOMHOA RJiaABK) 

ifbrnROBx Ha cnHHii. 

H RaaajiocB^ Bce ocTajiocB no cTapoiiy na RpHBuxx h ysRHxi 
yjiH^Raxx ropoARa» cb aabhhx'b nopx, RorAa xoAHJia no yjiH- 
iiaiTB h BFJiHAUBajiacB vh jiBi^a lOHomeA HTajiB^HCRaa Taiiapa, 
H CB ropasAO 6oji'&e a&bhhx'b nopx, RorAa pe6eHR0lcx nrpaJTB 
na RaiiHHX'B arnxx jjmufh HimepaTopx HepBa, ba'I^cb poahb- 
miAcH, ^HMx HMeHeicB h xenepB nasHBaeTCH raaBnan yjmita, 
ROFAa saxoAHJi-B wh ropoAORx HMnepaTopx AnrycrB cb cbohmh 
jierioHaMH. OcraaiHCB RaifHn h Aoica, tojibro Ta »h8hb ynuia, 



128 C. EJinATFiBBCKlft. 

H HOBRH ^HSHB BOnUia nOA'B TeMHUfl apKH, Bl> nOKpUTHH JIE- 

maaMH h C'bffbtu'b moxomi* ct'^hh crapux'B jOiOMOB'B. 



Hame noaBJieme BHBBaJio BOJinenie bt* roponK*. Bii Beae- 
Kept HHHero He CKaaaHo o ropo^K*, 6ejieKepoBCKie HHOCTpaHuu 
He saaiorB o ero cymeciBOBaHiH h He nocimaioTB ero, — h noTOjfB 
Mofi cnyTHHiTB, HM'bron^ift fiojibinifl h Aasnifl cBasH ci» sHTe- 
jiflMH» i^tjiyK) 8HMy He 6hji'b Taidi*. BbiC'i^raiDrB jiioah h81> aomob'b, 
>;a h3i> jiaBOKT), rop«HO MCMyTL pyKy MoeMy cuyTHHKy h flojrro He 

i-\ BHnycKarorB ee iibt> cbohx'b pyKt. Grapue mom o6flHMaK>Tca 

CL HHMTi H I^^JiyiOTCa, H TB,Kh CepfleHHO H JIK)60BH0 dByqETB 

nepeKpecTHHa (|)pa3H: 

— Come state? Come sta vostra famiglia? 
'^ CxapHil, xyjiofi ji'6chojB[ oC'B'feBA^HK'B, h cjiecapb, h BJiaA'i^eirB 

CKo6flHoa jiaBKii» H Jiy;(HJibni;iiKi>, h mopHHKB, h hhhobhhr^ 
H3Tb MyHHaHnaJiHTeTa... Bee npeBocxoAHbie CHHBepH ct Kpa- 

CHBHMH BaaCHHMH JIHI](aMH, CB TBepjI^UMH nOA<3opOAKaMH H Hy- 

AecHUMH ycaMH, wb KOTeJiKaxi) H niBpoKonoJiHX'B mjiflnaxi), 
BT* nHflaKaKaxi>,-~oflHH'B bt> yOTBHxejibHoft paaJxeiaMK*, Bi^Ka- 

^ KHXl JIK)6hJIH XOflHTb flO „AHefi CBO6OAH* B-B 8aX0JiyCTHHXT> 

V ropoAax'b, BX poA* r. y^ti,— jibohh cBo6oAHaro ofipaaa MHC^efi. 

OTBopaexca ;^Bepb (SajiKona cxaparo ;^OMa, h TOjicTaa KpacHo- 
meican 3KeHiip[Ha, ropoACKaa aKymepKa, npHB^bTCTByerb Hacb. 

e; ' — Come state? Come sta?...— A HSi-aa chehh ea nocHJiaerb 

K . HaM-B npHBiicTBeHHue xcecTH Myacx en, cTOJiapi*. 

f ; Mh OticTpo ysHaeM'B ropoACKiH hobocth, Bce, hto cjiyHHJiocb 

da 8HMy. JI'iCHOft 06'b't3JIHHK'b 60JI'k)I'b TU^OWb, H OAHO BpeMH 

le dottore coBcfeM-b 6hjio oT^aaJiai; y BJiafft^bua cKoOaHofl JiaBKH 

yMepjia picola Laura, — ,noMHHTe, signore, KaKaa ona 6HJia mh- 

jian?" — BX cocfeAHioK) oOmnfly npiixajiB hobhA CBain;eflHHKT>, 

MOJioAofl, a wb ropo;toKB npiiasajn* bhmoh (J)paH^y3'b, cofinpaeTCfl 

KynHTb o^^H'b iKdTb OpomeHHHX'b MOHacTHpeft, — H MHinie xcHTCJiefl 

ropoAKa pa3;xijiHJiocb: oahh roBopaTB, Aany ce(5i cxpoHTb 

1 xoHerb, a (JojibinHHCTBO CKJionaeTCH, ^:to ajm MOHamecKaro 

opAena, KOTopHfi HaAo4ji'B (J)paHuy8aM^... Mh npHBtiCTByeirb 

^( jitcHoro o6'B'63AHHKa, roproeM-b no MaJieHbKoi Jlaypt z ckjiohh- 

S eMca Kb MH'feHiH), HTO (|)paHu.y3'b — noACTaBHoe Jiiino h xjiono^erb 

l; Ajw MonaxoB-b. 

!^^ Thxo, nplHTHo Ha yjiimaxT) ropoflKa. Hirb hsbob^hkobi, 

f HirB 9KHna«efi. Hz OAna (j^aCpHHHaa Tpy6a He ahmhtch MHffb 

t\ ropoAKOM'B. H Becb ohi>— KaKT> pyccKifi yfeBAHHfl, cKopte 8a- 

J mraTHHfi ropoAOKT>, pacKHHyBoaiftca cpeAH nojiefi, qTo6H yAOBJie- 

1^ TBopaxb AepeBCHCKia HyacAH nojiefl. MyacHi^Kifl ropoAOKb... H 

I MarasHHH MyoKHUKie,— cKo6aHHe, mopHHe; ToabKo My«H^Kia 

1^- nxJiaiiH wb oKHax'b MaraaHHOB-b, tojibko AepeBencKaa »cypbe3- 



V 



nry 



H T A JI I fl. 129 

Haa** o6yBB,— OOToro nerra He xBaxaex'b. H Htrt OTejiefl; 
eOTHCTBeHHan rocTHHHima — HacTonmift ^nocToaJiHfl flBopT> cb 
HyMepaMH*, fa* Ho^yrorb 3aflepataBmiecH no jxijiaM'h aepeaeH- 
cide nfojia, h bi> oCmeirB 8ajr6 no npasAHnKaifB noKasHBaioTB 
cBo8 ^opcB MOJioAue KpecTBHHCKie napHH. H raicB KaicB mu 
npi'bxajiH He b'b npasKHHiTB h He b'b 6a3apBuft Aenb, to Ha 
yjiHuax'B 6hjio cobc^btb thxo n 6e8JiK)AH0. JIaBKH (Shjih ot- 
KpHTH, HO TaM-b HC 6hjio HexojibKO noKynaTCJiefl, ho h xoaneB-B,— 
ohh (Shjih B'B Ka())B, B'b caMOMi) niHKapHOM'b Ka({)d ropoAKa, — 
Taii'b, Ha ropo;iCKofi: njionxa^H, y (|)OHTaHa. 

TasTb Bci H0Ta6aH ropoM — h JiaBO'iHHRH, h c6opmHK'b no- 
jifineA, H noir6n](HK'b HB'b ybsAa, h MyHHAsnajiHTerb, h jitcas,e 
asBORarb nsb PsMa, ex nopT4>et)ieMib h cepbesnuMx aABORax- 
cKHM'b JiHuoirb,— e;tHHCTBeHHHfi naccaacHpTb, cjiferaift cb naMH 
EdTb noS^saa na MaJienbRofi »ceji']^HOHopo»HOfi cxaHiuH ropoj^Ra. 
Ohh HrpaiOTb B'b rocth, Ryparb cboh othhhuh, RptnRo-naxny- 
niia HTajibHHCRiH cnrapu, nsiorb RO(j[)e, noTiirHBaiorb npeBocxoA- 
Hoe RpacHoe bhho hbx npoBocxoAHux'b (|)iacRo. 

— Buono giornol Come State? Come Sta? 

Hacb GHOBa myMHo npHBiTCTByjoT-b. IlepBHMx noAXOflHTB 
B'b MoeMy cnyTHHRy h jiojiro oCHHMaexcH cb Kuwb CKHbop-b, 
KOTopoMy 104 roAa h Roxoparo tojibro wsa ro^a Hasafl-b chht* 
oTcxpaHHJi'b 0TT> JiaBRH, CHOBa RptnRia nowaxia pyRi h Jiac- 

ROBHfl, CepAe^HHH DpHBiXCTBiK... 

— Bee co^iaJIHCTH...— roBopHX-b mh* Moft cnyxBHRx o jik)- 
Aflrb, Roxopne nozixoAHTb R'b noMy na yjini^'b sAopoBaxbca. H 
Ha Moft HeAoyirbBaDn^fi Bonpocb oxB'&qaerb: 

— Hy, BOTb JiyjijdJihmjsKb npaBHxejibCTBeHHOft napxin, no- 
aecajiyfi — Ji'icnon o6'b'68A^HR'b.. HnnoBHHR'b? OhI) caMHd apuft 
coi(ia;iHcrb h ecxb. KjiepHRajiH? 

OH'b saAyMHBaexca na^'b MOHii-b BonpocoMi h roBopHTb: 

— Kxo Ke? BoTh aRymepRa RJiepHRaJiRa,.. A to Bce co- 

EUaJIHCTH... 

Moft cnyxHHR'b— no^eHHHfl pyccRift nejioBiR'b, AaBHo octB- 
u'ifl B'b HxajiiH, nejioB'feRT* cxaparo BocnHxania, cxaparo pyc- 
CRaro CTporaro yRJiaaa 3kh3hh. Eto oropnaex'b, ^xo HxajiBaH- 
CRie jnoAH yxo^axTb orb Bipw. 

— CxapHRii HB'b AepeBOHb e^^e AepjRaxca, B'b uepRBH xo- 
MTb, HcnoBtayioxca, a MOJioAe«b ymjia...— roBopaxb owh MH-fe.— 
TpyAHo xenepb SA'fecb HXHHM'b CBan^eHHHRaM•b, ocofienHo mo- 
nojimn... B'b cxo rjias'b cMoxpaxb, RaR'b «HBexi>, hto a*- 
Jiaerb, qxo 'fecxi, RaR'b cnni'b... A ne npHBeAH Borb— cb acen- 
nmnofi noAOJibnie noroBopHXT>,— ne cxapaa ecjiH,— ceft^acb 
cjiyx-b nofiAexij, paaroBopu nexopomie... 

— VL Becb MyHni^Hnajiaxexi> hbtb coAiajiHCxoB'b, h chhahri 
Hx-b, ropoACRofl rojioBa, xoace couiaJiHcxi> — Majiap-b OH'b, H 

IlOJIb. OTAtJI-b I. 9 



130 



EJinATLEBCKlit. 



He roBopia,— npoAOJixcaJi'L oh-b,— HOJioroB'B cb 6'6hhoth yCa- 
BHJiH, o(5i» lUKOJiax'b 3a5oTaTca, nonnme ciajio, a tojibko bott> 
^To He xopomo no MoeMy: KpoMt couiajiHCTOB'B hhkto snfkch 
paSoTy He nafiAerB. MocTOBtia, nanpHM'fep'B, hjih flpyria ro- 
poACKiH pa6oTH, cjiy»c(5y pasHyio, — tojibko cbohm'b couiaJiHCTaMX 
OTAaiort. 

Mh aamjH BTb ropoflCKyro J^yny, — mb* xorfejiocb DoaHaKO- 
MUTbCH Ch CHHAHROMi>*coi].iajiHCTOM'b. 9to 6uJia yAHBHTejiBHaa 
Tuifl ropoAKa JI^yMa.., ^peBHifi-flpeBflift flOM'b, BHyxpH bbjihko- 
jitaHhiii ABop'B CB KOJiOHHaMH, a BO BTopoM'B BTaatt Hy;^ecflaa 
orpoMHaa aajia cb (|)pecKaMH, npeBOCXOAHOH KapraHoft Tapjian- 
^afio, aaKpHBaBmefi oflny hb-b crtHX,— h y Mena HeBOJiBHo 
BEjpBajiocB BOCKJiHi^aHie: 

— J^a B^Ab 9T0 flBopeu^I 3Jimokb! 

— ^a, ABopei;!).., — noflTBep^flaerB Mofl cnyTHHK'B h nasu- 
Baerb MapKHSCKyK) ABofinyio (|)aMHJiiH), o^ny hbt* apeBHM- 
myxi> H ysa^aeMux'B phmcrhxi naTpHiUaHCKHX'B (|)aMHJilfi, 
fiojite jipcBHiOK), itMTb C(|)opaa. 

— Hto Mce, OHH BHMepjiH?— cnpamHBaio si. 

— HtTb.MapKHB'B «HBB. JIaBOHKa y Hero bbPhm4, Ta6aH- 
Hafl,— HejtaJieKO otb Moefi KBapinpH. TopryDTB TaMi) cb ae- 

HOfl... 

— H 6ojibme y hhx-b HH^ero? 

— Bojibme HHHero. 

Kiv co^aJi'buiR), mh He aaciajiH CHHAHKa,— taKi* MH'b h He 
yAajiocb jioBHaKOMHTbCH CB MajiapoMTb-coAiajiHCTOMX, noce- 
jiHBinMMCH &!> Banncb npeBHHX'B poMCKHX'B naTpHiueB'B. 

Mh o6%a&jih B'b TeMHofl hebro^ Bajrb nocTOflJiaro ABopa 

CB HOMepaMH, H MOfi CnyTHHK'B rOBOpHJTB BCe TOJTB «e, Ha 

Hewh, owbh;iho, AaBHO ocTaHOBHJiocb ero BHHMame, oto b'b ne- 
MeabuieH Mip'fe saHHMaeTB h mchh. 

— Bh yAHBJiaeTeCB, KaKHM'B 06pa80MX JiaBOHHHKH H ^H 
HOBHllKH-COUiaJTHCTH? Bh BOTB ^CMy HOAHBHTeCB— MCeHHtHHH 

cTanoBJiTCfl co^iaJIHCTKaMH! HTaJibHHCKifl McenmuHH... H KaKiH 
aceHinHHH? H owb paacKasHBaerB MH'fe. 

...EcTb AEMa B'B ropoAK'b, caMaH yBaaaeMaji jxaMB,... Bochh- 
THBaJiacL BB AOM'fe MapKHBH, KaicB HpieMHaH jxom>, (|)paHEiy3- 
CKifl flSHKB BHaeTi), MaHepH, H-hKOTopoe o6pa30BaHie nojiy- 
HHJia, — u BOT'B caMaH rjiaBHan coixiajiHCTKa! 3apa6oTOK'B Myaa 
MajieHbKLfi, oHa pa6oTaerB, ne noKJia^aa pyKT*, KaKi BOo6me 
HTajiLJiHCKifl HceHU. BcHKyio pa(5oTy... CTHpaerb CtJiBe, 
rjia^iHT^b, KpyaeBa hhcthtb... A KO^;^a yanae'TB, ^ro icaKaa- 
HH6yAb MaTb B'B Topo/t't 3a6oji'fejia h JiexcHTB, — CpocaeT-B cboh) 
paCoTy, li-ierb lyjia h tohht'b ne^Ky, h cTpanaerB, h jifknei 

y6HpaeT^ H ne tojibko yBaataroTB ee bo bccmx ropoAKi, ho 

H jiio6aTB ee, KaK'B HHKoro. H caMaa npan con;iaJiHCTKa h flpy- 



H T A JE I a. 131 

THXX aceamuat y6*HCAaeTT>. H cHaa-noApocTKa Toae bocdhth- 
BaeTL Wb 3T0M'b flyx'fe. 

...H He TOiibKO B-B ropoAK* yBawaioTB, 8A*niaie... J^sa 6paTa 
y aea, Moaaza, oabh'b eme npo(J)eccopi> 6orocjioBia,— Mofi 
•cnyxBHK'b BasHBaeT'B yaHBepcHierB. — CipaniBHe Apysba iM> 
Hefl, jii)6^rb ee, noHaraioTb, IlojioMtHBfB npo(|)eccop'b fiorocjioBia 
MOAepaacrb, h 6hjih y«e cJiyxH Bt Phm*, hto nana CKopo 
aanpeiHTB eny jieRitia... 

BncHTb aaA'b o6puBOM'b cxapud nocToajiHfi ABopii, a orpoM* 
hhA HecpaBaeaauii BaAi> na crapyio yMfipiio OTKpuBaeTca ^di> 
Hero. Moi cnyTBUK'B Toae cmotphtl xyAa, aa mnpoKyio boji- 
HHcryio paBBMay, h roBopHTb Mat, KaKi^ MHoro nsMtaHJiocB 
BiE» AOJOEaaaxib h ropax'B yMCpin cb Ttxx nopx, KaKB AaaAuaib 
jrbTb aasaAB oht> b-b nepaufl paa-B npitxaji-B npoaecTH jrbTaie 

irbCfll^]! BTb 3T0M1> ropOAK* CB HyAeCBUM*B BOBAyXOMIb H HC- 

i^paBHeaaofi KpacoTofi bbaobi; RaR'B nojiau 6hjih TorAa qepRSH 
MojianiHMHca, RaR'B Hy«AH 6ujih bach bthm'b JKean^HaaM'B, 

CTOJI'bTiJi flOCHBniBM'B Ha rOJIOBaXl* KyBUIHHU CB BOAOfi H 3HaB- 

nuufB TOJiBRO HyjioR'B H ceMBK), RaR'B naxplapxajiBHO HenoRo- 
jie6HMU 6ujiH ApeBHia cpeAaeB^&OBUfl oTHomeHia RpecTBaai)- 

nOJIOBHHXUHROB'B (TB HOMl^nXHRaMH, B'B HBHX'B H86aX'B 9RHJIH BBl) 

noRojr6Hia bi> noROjrbHie RpecTbaHCRia ceuBH, RarB tbxo, 
ycToflqHBO H 6e3niyMH0 cRJiaAUBSjiacB TOPAa ;rh3Hb, h RaRB 
Tenepb ^monepo'', oabb inonepo onpeA'i^JiHK)'rB jidacrIh oTBome- 
Hia. Ma'b RasaaocB n xeaepB xhxo wb ropoAR'b, h a aeaojibHo 
-cnpocHJi'B: 

— HeyaceJiH h BAtcb nionepo? 

— HocxoaaHO... Botb bt> npomjioMB roAyj npn Mat,BHrBajiH 
KpecxBaae cbohxx 6uK0B'b aa AopomRy Jiicayio, noiiBHxe 
npo'bdxcajiH— Bbcxca no rop*? Baepx-B— CRajia, bhhs'B — npo- 
nacxb... Bhrh 6apcRie, a npanjiOA'B, RaR'B Bce y noJiotoanta- 
KOB-B, nonojiaMT)— H ocxaBBJiH... Bhrh peayxB, bh nnxBa^ aa 
Bopiiy, h HBRyAa noAaxBca nejiBBa... Hy, CBtxaaacb nojiaaia, 
KapafiaaepH, — hxo obh Moryxi* cAtJiaxB? Peayxi* 6hrh... Ycxy- 
nHJiH noni'hmjsKR. 

— H HtM^B BCe 3T0 ROHHHXCa?— paBAyMHHBO rOBOpBXl* MOtt 

cnyxBBR'B. UoMiniHRH CRa3HBajiH Mat, Hxo HMB AaJibme h 
ycxynaxB Hejibaa, — BeqtM'b jsHXb 6yAerB. A rowoparB, h B'B 
.HUBtniHeM'B roAy roxoBHXca monepo... 

C. EjinaTbeecKiM. 



(OnoHHanie cAtbdyerm). 



JIopeoopMeHHUft MHeTHTyTTb H npeodpa- 
30BaHiH K. Jl. YinHHeKaro. 

(Hsit JlEHBUTTb BOCnOHHHaHifl.) 



I. 

A^eiicaKApoBCKafl nojiOBHHa CMOAbHaro. — FlpieMi* cHoeeubKHX'bi. — HaqaubKHUd' 
/leoHTbesa •>— >KH3Hfc eocnHTauHHu-b.— PaTMaHoea.— Btrcreo ro;ieii6ioBCKOfl. 

HHCTHTyrk Bi* npeacnee apeMfl nrpajTB BecBMa BasHyH) pojib bi 
Husfiu Hamero o6iuecTBa. HHCTHTyxKH wb Ka^ecTBib BOcnHTaTejbHHi^ 
u yieiejiBEHi^, saKi* cbohx'l, TaKi* h ^jwurb jijbTei^ o^esb aojto 
RM%^^ qpesBuqaflHO 6oj[Lmo6 BjiiflHie HayiccTBeHHoe h HpaBCTseHHoe 
pasBurie i^jiaro pajia noKOJilHifl. OfffiSim, HecMOTpa Ha orpoMHoe 
BHaqeaie HHCTHTyxa, ero npasAHBoe H8o6paseflie AOJiro 6bijio Heiiu- 
CJLHMO. B'B npesHee BpeMA bi> ne^aTH mosho 61U10 roBopHXb jih6o 

TOILKO BH'binHefi CTOpOHt SU3HH Bl> HflGTHXyrb, JQ[h6o BOCXBaJIflTb 

BocoHTame B'B HeMi>. 9to t^m'b 6ojrbe CTpasHO, ^0 i](eH3ypa yse 

AaBHO HanaJia AOBOJIbHO CHHCXOAHXeJILHO OXHOCHXbCfl Kl* CXaXbJiM'B,. 

y^suBara^HicL HeAOCxaxKH y^efiHLix'B saBeAesifi jipjrvLTh b1aomcxbi>. 
Ho mmb xoJiBKO Kacajincb saKpLnuxi) seecKHrb y^eGHBixi* saBeAemM, 
H B'B BHX'B yuadUBajiHCb RaKiji-HH6yAb HecoBepmeHcxBa, xaiufl cxaxbH 
iipouyc&ajiH TOJiLKO B'B xoM-b cjiy^ai, KOXAa BbipaaceHifl: «RJiaccHBifl 
AaMbi», «HaqajibHHiia», «HHcneKxpHca», <HHcxHxyxKa» 6Bij[H8aM'bHeHU 
cjioBaMH: «ryBepHaHXKH», «MaAaM'B», «naHciOH'B>, «naHCiOHepKa» 

B'B dXOM'B O^iepK'b fl rOBOpK) HCKJIIH)qHXeJ[BHO CmOJBHOM'B, dXOM'B 

ApefiH'bAmeM'B u caMOM'B orpoMHOifB hs'b Bctxi> hoaoShbix'b o6pa30* 
BiJiTejibHBix'B yqpe»ACHifl. Oh'b aojito cjiyaHjTB o6pa8EioirB ajih ycxpoft- 

CTBa Ee XOJBKO OCXaJBHHX'B HHCXUXyXOB'B, HO H MHOrEXI> HaHCiOHOBl 

H paajiH^iHBix'B seHCRHX'B y^eOHBLX'B daBeAOHili. Mwb Kasexca, ne- 
Ca^tiiHTepecHO nosHaKOMHXBoa cb pesyjiBxaxanH BOcnnxaHifl B'B 



*J BocnHTaHHHUU HHCTHTyxa H BecB aceHCKifl nepcoHajj-B, CJiy^HBinifl b*. 
Heu-b, KpoM-b rjiaBuoii HaHajibHHUbi, HassaHBi BbiMbimjieHHbiMH ((laMHjnjiMH. 



V 



AOPMOPMBHHBltt HHCTHTyrE. 133 

t^MOJBHOM'B, Vh OCHOBJ IipHHI^HnOFB KOTtparO ero OOHOBaTejIfllfH 

-^EEarepHHOK) II h Bei^RHirB) 6iiIJIh noAOseHu nepeAOBua H^eH 3a- 
naAHOft EBponu. 

B'B qHCjrb 00000608^ ofiyqeHia ycTaBib aroro BocaHTaTejibHaro 
-cpeOTe-yieOHaro daBexeHifl Tpe6yerL <naqe Bcero BOB^ysAaTb b'b 
BOcnHTUBaeMurB oxoTy r^ qreHiio KHnrb, RaK'B ma co6cTBeHHaro 
jBeceieHifl, TaRi h jua npoHCxoAHn^eft otb tofo uoj[B8ii». Om> BM'b- 
fiflerb B^ o6ji8aHHocTB «BnepjiTb bi HHrb (A'i^Teft) oxory r^ ^tp- 
EiK)» H craBHTB HenpeirbHHbiM'b ycjioBieifb HM'bTb b'b saBeAeHiii 
•CHSiioTeRy. Kpoirt Toro, yciaBi BOSJiaraeTB Ha BocnHTaTeiet oCa- 
saHHOCTb «B086yxiiaTb b'b ^irarh oxory ri TpyAOjriofiiK), Aa6bi ohi 
«TpamHJ[HCb npas^^HOCTH, RaR'B HCTOHHHRa BCJSfRaro Bja h 3a6jiysAe- 
Hia>. Owb yRaBbiBaerB na Heo6xoAHMOCTB Hay^HTB jc^reft <co5oii3- 
HosaHiK) 6'bAHUX'B, Hec'qacTJiHBux^ h oTBpan^eHiK) orB bcarhx'b 
npoAepsocrefi*. Maxo Toro, juh coxpaHeHia s^opoBBA npeAnHCBiBaercA 

JBeteXflTb DHOmeCTBO «HeBHHHI>IMH 3a6aBaMH», qT06bI HCROpeHflTb Bce 
TO, qTO «CRyR0]0, 3aAyMHRB0GTbK) H npHCROpfiieiTB HaSBaTbCfl Moxcerb^. 

nyreiTB raRoro ryiiaHHaro BocnHTanifl HicnepaTpHi^a ERaTopHHa II 
jryMaja cosAaTB b^ PoccIh no&yio nopody Aiodeil. 

?T0 dTH Me^TU ERarepHHu 11 ho mofih ocymecTBHTBca bx eji 
napcTBOBaHie, Ror^a Poccia fibiJia norpyaena B'B CeanpocBiTHHtt 

IffpaRl H6Bi3ReCT|^a, BTO nOHflTHO, HO nOCMOrpHlTB, 4tO npeTlCTaBJIAJTB 

HHCTHxyrB nowH qepeai 100 jrtrB nocjrl CBoero ocHOBaHin. 

B'B OAHO acHoe, cojane^Hoe, ho xojro«Hoe 0RTa6pBCR0e yxpo a 
noiTB^BiRajia crb icoeio MarepBio r'b AjieRcaHjipoBCRofi nojtOBHHt 
iJMOJTBHaro *), CB t4m'b, mo6Uy BcxynHBi Vh Hero, ocTaBaxBca b'b 
HOMi Ao OROH^aHia Rypca. Ho BUCORia HOHacTBipcRia , cxtHBi, roto- 
pBia CB 8Tofi uHHyni j^ojiSHu 6uj[H HBOJiHpoBaTB Mena Ha npo- 



*) CMOJIbHUft HHCTHTyTB (OCHOBaHB BB 1764 r.). AO HaHaJia B'b HeMB 

HOBOBBeAOHifl, T. e. Jio 1860 r. coctohji'b H8B Asyxi* 7He6HUXi> aaaeAeHiA: 
(XSniecTBa 6jiarop04HurB a'I^bhi^ hjeh HHROJiaeBCROft noJioBHHU h AJieKcaH- 
ApoBCRaix) THHJiHiiia, HJia AjieKcaHApoBCROft noaoBHHBi. Ha HHKOJiaeBcicylo 
noJioBHHy npHQHMajiH ;(onepeft Jtmurb, Bitknm,nTi> hhhb ae HH3ice nojiKOB- 
HBKa HJiH craTCKaro coB'bTHHRa r noroMCTBeHHuxB ;^oi)«hb; ea AjioRcaH* 
ApoBCKyn nojioBHBy— AOHepeft jihitb otb HHHa nojTKOBBHRa h ROJUiexcRaro 
coB'I^THHRa Ao mTa6c'ii-RanHTaHa h THTyjuipHaro coB'bTHHRa, a tbrsb A'^Tefl 
npoToiepeeBB, cBflmoHEHROBB, eBaarejiHHecKHXB naoropoBB h ;;oHep6ft flfio- 

PJIH1>, BBeceHHUXB BB TpeTblO <iaCTB ABOpHHCROft RHHrB. 0(5a 9TH OrpOMRUfl 

saBOAeHU cocTOflJiH no;^^ raaBeBCTBOM'B oAHoft na^aJibHHUU h oarofo hh- 
cneRTopa. JIhedb ^epesB cro Ji'brB nocjrB ocHOBaaifl CuoJibHaro cooTosiJiocb 
OTA^JieHie AjieRcaHApoBCRoft nojioBHHbi otb HHROJiaeBCRoft, t. e. noJiHoe 
o6oco6JieHi6 o^Horo HHCXHTyra otb ;^py^o^o. C-b aroro apeMeHH AjieRcaH- 
itpoBCRaa noaoBHHa CMOJiBBaro nojiyHHJia oco6jn HanajibHHuy h cBoero hh- 
caeRTopa. dro paa^^i^eHie npoHsonuio no aRejianii) HMnepaTpniiii MapiH 
AxeRcaHApoBHbi, o6paTHBniefl BHHuaHie aa BeyAo6cTBa coBM-I^CTHaro cyu^e- 
CTBOBaaifl ;iByxB orpoMHux'b HHCTHTyroB'b. 

Si oaHCbiBEK) npeHMyniecTBeHHo BocnHTanie na A/ieRcaHApoBCROft nojio- 
BHH% GMOJiBBaro nepe^B anoxoft peij^opicB h bo Bpeiiii en. 



134 E. B0Ji;OB030BA. 

AOJUKHTejiBHoe BpeMa ne tojibro oti* po^Hofi cenbH, ho, TaRi CKa- 
3aTb, OTT> B&kxTt BnoqaTJitaiM 6&iTm, orb cboSoau h npHBOuji. 
AepeBeHCKaro aaxojiycTM, OTKjAa Mena TOibKO ^to BHBesJiM, He CMy- 
m^ajiH MeHji. CTapnrie icHoro pascKasHBajiii mhI ofii* HHCTHTyx^, ho, ho 
aejiaa, B-bpoflTHO, BOJiHOBaxb Mena, HeAOCTaxoino ocTanaBJHBajiMCK 
Ha ero MonacTbipcKofi saMKHyrocTH: set hxt. pascaasbi OEaH^HBa- 
MCb oSbiKHOBeHHO ttM'b, HTO y MOHH ^YjsfiTb MHOFO-MHoro noitpyPB^ 
qTO CL HHMH MH* Bcer;^a SyiierB o'lenb Becejio. Bt ffbxcTBt a cipa- 
j^ajia orb nej^ocTaTKa oSn^ecTsa cBepcTHHi^^, h 8to HSBtcxie hphbo- 
AHJio MOHfl BT> xaKoft Bocxoprb, qxo He nyrawia aame pasjiyKa c'b Ma- 
xepbK) H cecxpaMH. Moe nacxpoeHie 6hjio xaaoe 6o;^poe, ixo He CMy- 
XHJTB H BBJiH^ecxBeHHufi iHBefin.ap'b B'b RpacHofi jiHBpet, Roxopuft pac- 
naxnyjTb nepen'b HaMH ;^BepH HHcxHxyxa. 

He ycn-bjiH mu en^e CHHXb BepxHioH) o^eacAy, RaR^b B'b nepeAH]DK> 
BomjiH A^'Ma ci, A'bBO^ROfi npH6jiH3HxejibH0 Moero Bospacxa. EaRi^ 
xojibRO MU npHBejiH ce6H B'b nopHAORTi, Rib Haul) noAomjia Aesypnaji 
Rjaccnas A^Ma, m-elle TH)$HeBa, no bh'I^hihocxh oco6a BecbMa anxH- 
naxH^naa, oqenb cxapas h nojiHaa, h saflBHJia Haifb, ?xo hhchcr- 
xpHca, m-me Kapo, ne MOiRexi naci npHHaxb vb jibmejjd MHHyxy: 
4(Bbi He xoJibRO onoBAajiH na xpn MtcHiia npHBesxH Bamax'b jno^e- 
peft, HO H ceroAHH Bacb osHAajin ri 9-xh ^lacaifb yxpa, RaR'b bs 
oST) axoMT) HHcaflH. K^b dxoMy BpeneHH npnrjianieHu Sujih h aRsane- 
HaxopH. Tenepb 11 qacoB'b, h yqnxejifl aanaxH...* 

MoH MaxymRa h m-me rojieM61oBCRafl nanajiH HBBHHHXbca, ho 
m-elle Tra^neBa, ne cjiyman etb, nonpocHJia nacb Bcbxi cjilAOBaxb 
sa neK) B'b npieMHyio; npn axoM^b ona, ne nepecxaBaa, 6paHHjo[acb h 
Bopqajia na namiix'b Maxepefi, n ea OAH0o6pa3Haa BopROxna pas^a^ 
BaJiacb B'b orpoMBbixi nycxux'b RoppMAopaxi*, RaR'b cRpHnT> Henoff-^ 
MaBaHHUx'b ROJfecb. 

— BoTb xaR'b HacxaBHHH;aI — saroBopHjia MaxymRa c^h pasApaaRe- 
Hieifb, Ror^a RjiaccHaa A^'Ma ymjia, ocxaBHB'b Hacb OAHtx'b B'b rom- 
Haxi.— Moa Maxb, RaR'b h BOo6me cxapmie B'b xo BpeMa, piARO 
o6paiiiajQ[a BHHMaHie Ha xo, hxo hosho cRasaxb npn A^Tax'b h ^ero 
HeJttaa.— a BOcnHXiiBaJiacb B'b ERaxepHHHHCROM'b HHcxHxyxi, — roBO- 
pHJia OHa, — H ^ xaRia a^mh 6ujih neMbicjiHMH B'b Moe speMa. HMne- 
paxpHiia Mapia ^OAopoBHa nocbn^ajia HHcxHxyx'b no H'bcROJibRy pa^^'b 
vb nejiikss). IlpHAerb B'b RJiaccb, cRasexii RjiaccHoS ji,b,jA, ^xo oaa 
oAHa sejiaexi ocxaxbca ct> AiTbMH, caAex^b na y^HxejibCRoe m*cxo 
R'b cxojiHRy, H Hy BHSHBaxb R'b ceC'h BOCHHxaHHHi^'b. y oAHofi cnpo- 
CHXTb, qxo 6HJI0 BTOpa sa oSiAOM-b, y Apyrofi — ne finjia jih ona na- 
Raaana, nepe6eperb h MHOrnxTb Apyrnx-b, paacnpamHBaa hx'b, OAKHM-b 
GjioBOMii, Bce AonoAJiHHHO ysHaBajota. TaRaa CBapjuHBaa h rpyOaa 
RjiaccHaa Aa^va, Rarb m-elle TK)$aeBa, ne Morja 6u cjiysaxb npH 
Hefi!.. 

Mh4 OHOHb xox'&Jiocb no6ojrraxb ct> hoboS noApyroft, ho axo ne^ 
yAaBajiocb: ona cxoajia orojo cBoefi Maxepa, xo npHacHMaacb R'b aet^. 



;^OP£«Oi'llEUHUfl HHCTHTyTB. 135 

TO HepBHo xsaTafl ee 3a pyKH, to npnaaAafl vh ea njie^y h aca- 
io6ho BURpHKHBafl: cMaiia, MaMaI»— a cjiedu Tasi h jHiHCb hs'b oji 
riasib. 

MaTB H AO^b FojieMdioBCRia 6£uih qpeaBuiaSHO noxosH ApyrB 
Ha Apyra, ho TaK-L, Kone^HO, KaKi MoacerB hoxo^htb 35-THJiiTHflH 
semipEHa na lO-THitTHEOH) fflBO^Ey. 06*6 ont 6ujih 6pK)HeTEH, cb 
601B111HMH ^epsiiMH rjiasaMH, 6jilAHBifl, xyAomasHH, cb noABHSHUMH 
juitaMH H npaBHJU>HUMH, spacHBUMH ^epraMH JiHi^a, 06'b ov/kmL 6ujih 
vh rjiy6oKifl Tpaypi, t. e. b'b qepHUUi njiaTba, o6iiiHTua 64jib[mh no- 
joeaiCH, HasBiBaeMUHH Tor;i;a nji6p63aMH. 

He nojiy«!HB^ noompenia co cTopoHBi 6yAymeft noApyra $aHHH 
pfl Moero cfijLHseHLi cb hok), a crajia npHCJcymHBaTBCfl k'b paaro- 
Bopy cTaprnflxii. Botb ?to b ysHajia. M-me FojieMfiioBCRafl 6ujlb, 
aoJDbRa-KaTOJiHqKa, saKii h ea nyanb, ROToput yicepi ntcROJiBRo He- 
lisb TOMy HaaaAii. OcTaBmHCB, ch Ao^epBH) <^aHHH 6ewb bcarux'b 
cpeACTBii, OHa nepeixajia hs'b npoBHHipH b'b neTep6yprB h noceiH- 
lacB B'B cevBi CBoero poAHoro 6paTa, ROToput sapaSaTUBajix xopo- 
miH cpeACTBa, ho HifbjrB 6oJiBniyK) cenBH). F-sa FojeMSioBCRan aa- 
HHMajiacB y Hero ne tojibro xosaflcTBOM'B, ho h ofiyqajia ero js/breH 
HHocTpaHHUH'B flsuRau'B, ROTopue OHd xopomo BHajia. Efl 6paT]^ 
BBixjionoTajTB A^H CBoefi njieHHHHHi^Bt y RaRoro TO MarHara cTHaen- 
AiK), ROTopaa h As^a bobmoschoctb noicbcTHTB ee b'b HHCTHTyrB. 

UposBOHHJTB ROJioROX'B, H R'B Haai'B BomjiH neHHHBep&a *) H y?H- 
TBJB pyccRaro H3URa: nepBaa AOJiacHa 6ujia sacTaBHTB Mena oTB'ibTHTb 
MoiHTBBi H npoaRsaMenoBaTB nacB o6'Ihx'b hs'b (j[)paHi^3CRaro asuRa^ 
a y^Hxejib — hst» pyccRaro. dRsaMen'B 6ujn> coBepmeHHO nycTOft h 
oiaroHOJiyqHO comeJTB AJia aac^ 06'bHX'B. Hepes'B h'I^crojibro icHHyTB 
m-Ue TjD<|)aeBa noBeja aacB, HOBenbRHX'B, OAieaTBca B'B nepeAHioK). 

Mu AOJUBHbl 6UJIH HBHTBCa R'B HaqajEbHHE^-b BM'bCTt CB HeK) H OTOpaBH- 

lacB no CesROHe^HBiifB, xoioahuicb h ajihhhum'b RoppHAepaifB. TyAa ace 
oGasaHU 6ujih aBHTbca h Hama icaTepn, ho hicb npnxoAHiiocb ca^* 
aaTB 8Ty Aopory He RoppHAopanH, rotopbimh xoahjih jhhib jiioah, 
TaR'B aaa HHa^e npHROCHOBeHHHe ri. HHCTHTyTy, a no yjiHi^i h 
BoiTH jsTb Ha^ajibHHi^t CB noA^bisAa HaROJiaeBCRofl noJiosHHu. 

Mnt TaR'B xorhjiocB yBHAtTB nocRop'be mohx^ 6yAyni;HX'B noApyn*, 
HTO y Mena MOMeHTajn>HO BbiJieT'kJZ'B hs'b fojiobbi rpy6uft npieicB 
mile TiD^aeBoft; He o6paTHJiaa BHHHaHia h aa o(j[)$HUiajiBHoe Bupa- 
seaie ea jiHi^a h HenpHHya^i^eHHO Ha^ajia aacunaTb ee BOnpocaMH. 



*) BocnHTaHHRixfai ne;^arorHiecKaro KJiacca HasuBaJiHCb nenHRbepKaMU. 
KpoMt jieKAifi, ROTopuii oH-b cjiymajiH B'b hhcthttt]^, OH'b ;;oji»hb[ 6bijih 
AeacypHTB B'B KO^efiHOM'B, ujL&fljnewhy luaccb bo BpeMa 6oj['b3HH luaccHUZ'B 
Jiaini B cnpamaBaTb bi> dTo BpeicA ypoRH y MajienbRHX'B. IlenHHbepKH ojif^- 
BajiHcb jiyHme h RpacHB'be BC'bx'b ocTajibHux'B BOcnHxaHHHii'b: hx'l (j^opMeH- 
Hoe njiaTbe— cbpoe cb nepHbiM'B nepe;^HKOM'B, cb KHcefiHox), a no npasAHH- 
Kam fl CB KpyaceBHon nejiepHHROio. Bi» npasAHHHHue ahb ob'& nojibsoBajiHCb 
npaBOMi no 0Hepe;^H ytamaxb ^OMofi. 



lot) E. B A B 3 B A. 

— Fj^h ae A*BoqKH, lexa? 

— fl Te6t He xera! Th AOJiana nasHBaxB uaccHLirB aoitb— ma- 
demoiselle... 

Cep;^uxufi OKpiiRi> sacxaBHJi'B MCHfl saMOJi^axb. Ho sorb u 
npleiiHaji. 

HaqasbHHi^a CMOJibHaro, Mapifl IlaBjiOBHa JleonxbeBa *), 6jbiia 
B-h dTo speMJi yse cxapyxofi, cl o6pi03rinHMH h oxBHcmHMH meicaMH,^ 
ivh cofiepmeHHO BEupixinHMH rjiasaKH, Ces-b Bupaxenbi u Mucm. 
Efl BfltmHifl BHAT* KpacHopiraBO roBopHjn xoMi, qxo ona npo- 
^iiiia CBOK) AO^ryK) shshb 6e3% rjiy6oiuix'b AyMi*, 6e8'B 6opb6u, 
cTpa^aEifi H paso^apoBaHlfi. Jl^epsajia oea ce6ji qpeBBuqafiHO sassHO, 
EaKii uopOJieBa nepBOcxeaeHHaro rocjAapcxBa, A^Baa qyBCXBOBaxb 
KE^QHy CMepxHOMy, RaKyE) ^ecxb OKaauBaexTk OHa eMy, chhcxoaa 
;;o paaroBopa cb hhmii. 

Ofia, A^ficxBHxejiBHO, Gujia HeMajiOBasHOK) oco6ofi: Ha^ajiLHHAa 
ciap-bfimaro h caMaro bojibmoro }ibt> Bctrb HHCXHxyxoBi Pocciu, 
ana K nouiiMo axoro Hutjia 6oj[bmoe 3Ha?eHie no CBoefi npesHeft 
npHABopHoli cjiys6i, a xaK»e h BCJiiAcxBie noKpoBHxeJibcxBa, OKasu- 
BaeMaro efi nocjii/(OBaxeJU^Ho xpenfl rocyAapufiuiMH; OHa Hnijia npaBO 
BficxH nepenncKy cb hxb BejH^ecxBaMH h npji sejiaHiH nojyqBXb y 
ESLXb ayj^ieH^iH). Kt) xoMy ace, JleoHXbeBa HMijia orpoMHbia cbjibh ne 
xojibKo npH H'bcKOJDEbKHX'b i^apcxBeHHuxb ABopaxi, HO H Beja 3fla- 

K^HCTBO Cb BUCOKOnOCXaBJieHHblMH JIBI^aMH CBixCEaXO H Ay^OBHaTO 

3fiaBi3. OBoero 3Ha^eHiji oHa HHKor;ia He 8a6uBaj[a: dTOMy CHjibHe 
iioMorsuiH orpoMHoe Hacejienie AByxx HHcxHxyxoB'b h fiojibmofl mxax^ 
fijiaccHMX'b A^tMi) H BceBOBMOsHuxi cjiyjKan^HX'b xofl H APyrofi no- 
jiOBHfiLi CMOJibHaro, Koxopue pafiojrbnflo npecMbiKajiBCb nepeA'b nes). 
SaouTb cBoeM'b SHa^eniii oHa ne Morjia yse h noxoicy, ?xo 6ujia oco6oft 
BecbMa HeBlwKecxBeHHofi, neyMHOfi orb npHpoAU, a na cxapocxn Jiixb 
noqxn BijaHBnrefi iiaib yna. Orb yqan^HXCH ona npesA^ Bcero Tpe6o- 
&aja cuflpeniB, nocjiymaEia h xonnaro BbinoJiHeHiH npeAnncaHHaro 
aiBKexa, a oaccHUH Aanbi, corjiacHO ea HHcxpyiupBM'b, aojishu SbUH 
Bch CBOK neAarorH^ecKia cnocoSnocxH nanpaBHXb na noAAepaaHie cy- 
poBofi Atici^BUJiHHbi H Ha cxpoFoe HaSjuoAenie 3a x^ifb, ^xo6b[ HUKaKoe 
BjiHHie ii3BH4 He npoHHKajio b-b cx4hu HHCXHxyxa. HopaAOK'B h fijTb 



*) ypoacj^eHHafl ninnoBa. Mapia IlaBJiOBHa noay^iHJia o6pa30BaHie bi* 
OMOJibBOMi>. BcKopt nocjit OKOHiaHifl 610 Kypca, HMH. Mapifl 4>eAopoBHa Ha- 
BHa<iflj]a ee ^peflJiHHod ki> CBoefl AO^epu, boji. kh. EKaTepHH'b IlaBJiOBH'b, bu- 
me;iuief) anocji'&ACTBiu saiiyacb sa npHHixa reopria OjibAeH6yprcKaro. 3ar]^Mi> 
Mapla OaBJioBHa IIlHnofia Bunuia saMyacb sa renepajia JleoHTbOBa, uo Kor^a eft 
6ujio 45 ji-bTb, OHa oBj^oB-bJia h 6biJia noacajioBaHa hm. AaeKcaHJ^poft Oe^o- 
poBHofl ro4[)MeficTepHH0fl Ko ABopy CBoefl AOHepn boji. kh. Mapin UHKOJiaeBHU, 
^uQiuefi BeMjxewh aa repi^oroicb JIeftxTeH6eprcKHM'b. Bi) 1839 r. JleoHTbeBy 
Hasna'itiJiH BaMaJibBHixeio bi> CMOJibHLifi, rsfh OHa npocjiyacHJia 36 jtiyrb h 
jMspjia a a CBoeMi nocxy 82-x'b-Ji*THeK) crapyxoio. TaKHMi oCpaaoM-b, 45 atTb 
cBoefl JKU3HH JleoHTbeBa npoBeaa bt» HHCTHTyr*, Hat hhx'b 9 ji-brb, Kaiti^ 
BocnaTaHHHua, a 36 ji-bxt, KaKi. ero HanaJibHHAa. 



V 



AOP£«0FM£ilHKlft UHGTHTy Tb. 137 

saseAeHifl ciporo noAA^psKiiBajicji eBc; nepeii'bH'B h HOBOBBeAOHift OHa 
-SuJijiacBy KaKi OTEB, u peBHHBO oxpaEuua HeHdtrbHHOCTb Hamero 
cTpofl, ycTaHOBflBmaroca HcnoKOHib stsa. Hamei) HeaocpeACTBeHHOiQ 
HaqajiBHHii;eK) 6uia HHcneKipHca, M-me Kapo, Koropyx) .mu naaiiBajiu 
«maman>, ho mu ^8cto BHA'ibjiH h Hamy rjiaBHyH) HaqajibHHiQr: e»e- 
AHeBHO, no OHepeAH, ABoe hbii EaasAaro oacca hochjih eS panopTB 

COJIBHLirL, KaZAHfi 60JIBin0fi npaSAHHK'B BOCnHTaHHHII.bI AOJUEHbl 

6biih jiBjurrbCfl vb es annapTaMeHTU cb neaApaBJieHiflMH, OHa npu- 
cyTCTBosajia na^BcirB namnxi BKsaMeHarB, orb speMeHH ao BpeiieHH 
npBxoAHJia na naniH ypo&H hjeh b'b CTOjroByK) bo BpeicA o6'bAa, h 
icpoMi Bcero dToro mu saxAyH> cy66oTy h Bocspecenbe bha'^jih ee B'b 
i^epEBH. 3a Bce Bpeicfl Moero iipe6uBaHifl bi HHCTHTyri a HHsorAa 
He cjoixajia, qTo6£i ona R0My-HH6yAb nsi naci CKasajia jiacKOBoe, 
-cepAe^Hoe cjiobo, saAajia 6u Bonpocb, noKasuBanniifi ea sadoxy o 
Haci, qT06u ona npoaBHJia xota MajrbSmee yqaciie si> 6ojibHot, 
KOTopafl, KaKi eft 61UO HSBiexHo hsi* eseAHOBHO noAaBaeicux'b pa- 
nopTOBi, npojiesajia B'b jiasapoTi H-icKOJibKO M'bcAi^eB'b B'b Tflsejiofi 
6ojit3HH. Ona nocin^ajia h jiaBaperb, ho paaroBapHBajia cb bochh- 
raHHHi^aMH He HHaqe, KaRi* crporo - o^nipaJibHo. JiBJUuicb ki naicb 
Ha aKdaMeHu, JleoHTbena HHKorAa He saHHTepecoBajiacb hh yMCTBen- 

HUMH CnOCOfiHOCTHMH TOfl HJIH APyTOfi yqeHHI^J, HH OTCyiCTBieM'b HX'b 

y Hen. IlpHHHMafl orb Hacb panopTu, ona cnpamHBaJia^ Kasoe eBaH- 
reiie qHiajm bi n^epsBH vh nocji'bAHee BocKpeceHbe, hjih no noBOAy 
saKoro co6uTU[ ycranoBJieH'b Torb hju APyrofi npasAHHS'b. Ha dsaa- 
Kenaxii ona nonpasjiHjia TOJibKO npoHSHomeHie oxA'bJibHbixi cjroB'b, h 
He noxoMy, ^xo oho 6£U0 HenpaBHJibHO, a noxoMy, ^xo y nea 6ujio 
HicKOjn>K0 H3ii)6jieHHuxi» cjOB'b, npoHBHonieHieirb Koxopux'b eft hhkxo 
He Morb yroAHXb. KaK% 6u BOcnHxanHHi^a hh npoHSHecjia «CBflxutt 
Bose», «6bsecTBeHHufl», «xucHqa», «^ejiOB'&K'b», ona cefi^acb 3a^ 
cxaBJuiJia ee sa co6ofl noBxopnxb axH cJiOBa. KoxAa mu oxBtmHBajiH 
efi pesepancb npH en noHBjieHiH, ona nenpeM'bHHO saMtqajia no- 
'4>paHi](y3CKH: <bei aojishh A'i^Jtaxb rj[y6se Bam'b peBepaHC'bl)^ A KorAa 
MU CHA:hu, OHa sasAufi pa8i> c^iHxajia aojixomi CKasaxb: «A6psHxecb 
npHM0l» 

B'b ISfi^KBE MU eXOfllH CXpOflHUMH pHAd'MH, HO KaK'b XOilbKO BXO- 

AHja Ha^ajibHHi^a, OHa na^HHaja Bce nepecxpaHBaxb no - CBoeMy: 
BOcnHxaHHHiTb MajieHbKaro pocxa cxaBBJia B'b npoxoAax'b, a 6ojLiG 
BucoRHX'b— K'b KJiHpocy; B'b APFoS se pas'b BUXJirHBaJia na cpeAHHy 
6ojibmHTb pocxoM'b, a MajieHbKHX'b BucxaBJuuia y npoxoAOB'b, h xaK'b 
Aaji'be, AO 6e8K0HeqH0CXH. Ecjih na cjiiAyH)iiUft pa>B'b A^sypnaH A^Ma 
•cxaBHjEa Vb iiiepRBH BOcnHxaHHHi^'b xaK'b, KaK'b yroAHO Cujo Haqajib- 
HHot nocxaBHXb HX'b B'b nocjL'&AHift pasi, xa Bce-xaKK nepecxaBJiHJia 
HXT» no cBoeny. Bxhm'b h orpaHu^HBajiHCb Bcb «MaxepHHCKiH> 8a6oxu 

HaqaJ[bHB^U OXHOCHXeJIbHO BOCnHXaHHHDi'b AjieKCaHApOBCKOfi nOJtOBHHU. 

OAHHM'b cji0B0Mi», HameH) HaqajbHHueio, 6e3'b npeynejiH^eHlH m^sho 
^CKasaxb, 6ujia ne senn^HHa, a npocxo RaKofi-xo KaMenHuft HcxyRan'b, 



188 £» BOA0B030BA. 

xase wb TO pa6cRoe, KpinocTHH^ecRoe 'npeMA nopamaBinafl BcbrB 
cBOHM'b desAyniHUM'B, AepeBflHHUM'B OTHomeHieMx kt> jiioAflM'B Boo6ii^e, 
HO oco6eHHO K'B BOcnETaHHHuaM'B. OAHaRo, dTa oco6a yif^jia npeso- 
cxoAHO BTHpaxb o^KH, KOMj cjiijijbTb. Efl HHCBMa H OTqeTBi rocy^a- 
pHffh ;^Hma^B Heo6HKHOBeHHOK) ja;o6poTofi k^ AtTaiTB, cHHCxoacAeHieMs 
H BcenpomeHieMi en jiio6Beo6HJiLHaro cepOTa- Bt 1851 r. JleoHTBeBa 
HHinerL HMnepaTpni^: ^^iiH BcerAa nocjiyniHu^ sa ptiiiKHMH hckjih)- 
qeHiiiMB, Kor^a inTb BOJinyerB schboctb, npocTHxejiBHafl vh hx'b bos- 
pacrb>. Hepesii HicROJiBKO Ji'brL, B03Bpaii];aflCb nocat ji'bTHflro OT^uxa 
HS'B AepeBHH, OHa nHmerB; «6ej[HRa moa pa^ocTb CHOBa yBHA'ikTB 
MOE) MHJiyro, MHoroiHCJieHHyK) ceMLH)!> («CTaTC'L-AaMa Mapia HaBJioBHa- 
JleoHTBeBa. CocxaBHjia 3. E. MopABHHOBa». Cip. 85, 93). 

no ycTaHOBBBniHMCii TpaAHUjiflBrB h KOABEcy BecbMa CBoeo6pa3Hoft 
BHCTHxyrcKofi MopajiH, Hepi^KO, Bnpo^cM'B, He HMiBmefi HH^ero o6n^aro 
cb BjnipaBHM'L cuucjLowb, Ha^ajiLHHi^a, necHOTpH Ha CBofi npecxa- 
P'bjiLift BospacTB, AOJiSHa 6HJ[a Hnixb Bejcn^ecxBeHHBifi bhji'b, Aaace h 
m, ToiTB cJij^dAy ecjiH npHpo^a ne na^'bjiHJia ee ajui axoro HHsaRHMH 

l^aHHIiIMH. 

Jlfla AOcxHseniH dxofi i^'bjiH JleoHXbeBa npB6'brajia k^ HeaaMU- 
cjioBaxHM'B cpcACXBaiTb: ona Bcer^a xyro aanraypoBHBajiacB bt* Kop- 

CeTT», XOflHJia Bli ^OpMeHHOM-B CHHCMt HJiaXbt H Bt BHCOKOMl MOH- 

HoiTB qenii;t. PaBroBapHBan cb noA^HHeHHUME, ona cMOxptjia ne na 
HHXi», a noBepxx bxi> fojidb'b, jsfi CMi^mHoro pacxarHBaJia Kasftoe 
cJioBO, Bce npoHBEOCHjia Heo6HKBOBeHHo xopsecxBeHHO, He AaBajia 
B03M02SH0CXE npeAcxaBJTHBniHMCH eft jiEn.aif'B BAaBaxBCH BT> KaKia 6u 
xo HE 6ujio o6'BacHeHia e noApoCnocTE, a AonycRajia jiheib JiaROHE- 
^ecRili oxBix^: «Aa> bjib «h4xi», Bame upeBOCxoAHxejiBcxBO*, EM-ijia 
BcexAa Rpafine HaAMeHHBifi beat* e BacxHBrayio yjiufiRy ejih, xo^nie 
•cRaaaxB, rpEMacy na cxapqecREX'B ryeaxi), to^ho OHa nporjioxHjra 
qxo-HE6yAB ropBRoe. 

KorAa mbi, HOBenBRia, b'b nepBBiM pas'B uoaxoaejie r'b npiesfHofi 
HaqajiBHEii,u, mbi bcxp'I^xejie sa'^^cb naniEX'B Maxepefi e bohuie BMtcxt 
CB heme bt. conpoBosAeniE m-elle Tio^aeBofl. B'B orpoMHOfi npi^M-. 
Hofi, o6cxaBjieflHoft na RaseHHLifi JiaA'B; y cxtHH npoxEB-B BXOAHofi 
J^BepE, CEAiJia Ha AHBan* na^ajiBHEi^a ^eoHXbeBa, a noAJi* nea, na 
cxyjii, ea ROMnaHBOHRa OjieHRHBa. 

— «MaMaI MaMa!» — BApyrB saRpE^ajia *aHHH, 6pocaacb B'b 
06'baxia MaxepE. SxoT'b RpER'b pasAajica coBepmeHHHM'b AHCcoHancoirb 
cpeAE rpo6oBoS xehiehh. 

HaqajibHBiia qyxb-qyxb npEnoAHajia roJOBy, qxo ajih OjieaRHHOfl, 
BHAEMo, nocjiyacEjio cBrHajoM'b ysnaxb $aMHjiiE HOBonpE6HBniHX^, 
xaR-b RaR-b OHa 6bicxpo noAoniJia R'b naniEM'b iiaxepaM'b, a sarlMt 
Haqajia ^xo-xo menxaxb na yxo na^ajibHHirb. 

— HoxpyAExecb noAoftxE! CjDAal BjEEae! fl npeacAe Bcero uonpomy 
Bacb noROHqHXb ci, aiofi cn,eHofl... Mosexe caAEXbcal—H OHa bbjie- 
qecxBeHHbiMi aKecxoM-b yRaaaaa r-acfe FojieMfiioBCRofl Ha cxyji'b npo- 






AOPI*OPMEHHHfi UHCTHTyn*. 1 3& 

THBT. cBoero cTOja. <&aHHH noA64Haj[a it's Maxepa h KpinRO B^t^H- 
.lacb BT> e& K)6Ky. 

— BHAHTe-JiH, — CHOBa oSpaxHJiacB Ha^ajBHEi^a Kh ToJieMCioB- 
caott, — itaKHrL HeAHCB(HnjiHHHpoBaHHurB, HcnopqeHHHX'b ntxeft spy- 
Hoexe Bu HasTBl 

— HcnopqeHHHX'L? — nepecnpocHJia rojieM6ioBCKafl c^ Hsymre- 
HieMi*, B^ CBoefi npoBHHi^iajibHoft npocToxt ho noHHMaBmaji hh se- 
nqia Ha^ajUbBHAW, hh xoro,. KaKi cb neio cjrbjiyex^ paaroBapH- 
Baxb. — yBipjiiD BacB, cy;(apuHfl, ?xo moh $aHHH nocjiymHaji, jiacKosafl,. 
npHBHS^HBafi A'^BO^na!.. A xo BApyrB «HcnopqeHHaBl» Kasi* se »xo 
MOHCHo cKaaaxb, He 3Haa pe6eHKaI — Bi* xy me MHHyxy na^x ea cxy- 
xoicB HauoHHjEacb KOMnaHbOHEa OjEBHSHHa H monoxoM'b, soxoputt 
61^111 cjmmeH'b bo sceS KOMHaxb, npoHanecjia, oxq^RaEHBaa sasAoe 
cjoBo: «AOJ[XHH HasuBaxb na^aJibBHity Baine npesocxoAHxejibcxBO. 
Bli He Hviexe npaBa xasi* eoAtno pasrosapHBaxb c^b ea npeBOcxo- 
ABxejibcxBOifb! HsBOJibxe dxo 8anoMHHXb!» 

— HsBHHHxe, Baine npeBocxoAHxejibcxBO, — saroBopajia iiepeKOH- 
<{>yHeHHaa FojieMGioBcsaa. — H Bacb nasBajia He no XHxyjiy... H B'bAb 
npoBHHqiaAKa... Bcbrb axHX^ xoHKOcxeft He pasyii'l^K)... Bee se o 
cBoefi AO^Ri onaxb csaxy Baicb: sojiuxoe y nea cep^eHKoI fiy^bxe eft 
MaxepbK), Bame npeBOCXOAHxejubcxBoI Ona B'b^b y MeHa CHpoxsal — 

II CJieBU nOJIHJIHCb HSI TJ1^3T> 6'bAHOfi 3ReHn(HHBI. 

— Mnt cxpamHO, MaMal— BApyip> co cjieBaMH B'b rojiocb saBonnjia 
ea A0%. 

— CyAapuHal Moa npi^MHaa He ajih ceMefiHbiX'b ci^en'b! HsBOJibxe 
BuilxH.Bx flpyryiD ROMHaxy cb Baraeft ^oqepbio h awaxb Rjcaccnyi) 
MMy. 

Tor^a R'b HaqaibHHn;b noAomjia Moa Maxb h na^ajia peRoneHAO- 
Baxb ce6a aa ^paHixyscROicb asuRt, Roxopuicb FojieMdioBCRaa He 
cyirbjia aocnojibsoBaxbca, xoxa cbo6oaho roBopajia na noH'b. B'b xo 
BpeMa SHaHie (J^panixyscRaro aauRa oSjiaropaacHBajio h BOSBumajio 
Kaa^aro bo MHiniH ofin^ecxBa, xini 6ojrbe rpoMaAHoe snaqenie oho 
HMtio vh HHcxHxyxi. BipoaxHO, BCjlAcxBie dxoro naqajrbHni^a 6jia- 
rocRiOHHO RHBHyj[a eft rojiOBoft, ho Ror^a Moa Maxb BupasHJia CBoe 
yAOBOJibcxBie no noBO^y xoro, qxo ea Ao^b npHHaxa na RaBennbitt 
cqexi H noJuy^Hxi ofipasoBanie, Roxoparo ona, aa oxcyxcxBieMi Ma- 
xepiaibHbDTb cpoACXB'b, ne Morjia 6b[ Aaxb caaia, JleoHXbesa BospasHjia 
eS He 6qst> Hponia: «Egj[h 6u bu noHHMajiH, RaRoe axo cqacxie Aiia 
Banrett Ao^epa, bbi MorJiH 6u B'b aasHaqeHHoe apeica AocxaBHXb ee 
c]DAaI>— H, RHBHyB'b FOiOBOfi Fb cxopoHy m-elle TD^aeBoft, ona no- 
Kassjia axHBfb, qxo ayAleHn;ia ORoaqena. 

Mu nuH o6paxHO xaRT* se, RaR'b h npHmjiH: Maxepa oxA'ibjibHo, 
MU—B'b conpoBosA^Hiu Tro^aeBoft. 06niee MOJiqanie aapymajiocb na 
axoTb pas'b xojEbRo BcxjunuBaniaMH $aHHH. KoxAa mu bohijih B'b 
KOMHaxy, wh Eoxopoft 8R3aMeH0BajiHCb, HamH Maxepa yse cha'^jih B'b 
Heft. $aHHH He saMeAJiHJia 6pocHXbca co cjie8aMH B'b oG'baxia cBoeii 



140 



B0;i;0B030BA. 



MaxepH. M-elle Tio$aeBa pisKO saMtTHJia: ^nporay npeKpaxHTb sTors 
peBi!.. Hepea-L nicKOJibKo MHHyrB, Korj^a a npH^y aa A*Bo^KaMH, 
MBi yae caMH no3a6oTHMca o^t aTOirb, a lenepB axo eme Bama o6a- 
aaHH0CTB!» 

— Axt, MHjiaa m-elle TK)({)fleBa, — cb MOJtt6oft ofipaTHjacb k-b 
Hefi FojieMSiOBCKaH, — CKaacHTe efi xotb oaho jiacKOBoe cjiobb^ko... 
xoTB caMoe MBJieHBKoe!.. B'h;^* y nea orb bc4x^ bthx^ npieMOB-B 
cepA^HfflKo, To^HO y nofiMaHHofl hth^kh, xpenHlaerB... 

— TpenuxaeTLl 9x0 eme ^xo aa BHpaacemel «Moji^axb!» — box^ 
"qxo Bu AOJUBHH CRaaaxb Bamefi AO^epn! Bu cbohmh xejfl^BEMH ffbac- 
HOCXBMH H Ba^aJILHH^y ocMijEHJiHCb oSeanoROHXb, a xyx^ onaxb na- 
^HHaexe xy »e ncxopiiol — h ona nanpaBHJiacb 6hjio k'b ^BepH. 

— HoKopHCb, AHxaxKo! IlepecxaHb njiaKaxb, cepj^ne Moe! — no- 
fipuBaa J[fi^h cxpacxHUMH noA'iuiyflMH, HpHroBapHBajia FojieMOieBCRair, 
fie o6pan(afl BHEManiA Ha xo, qxo KJiaccHaa jiana ocxaHOBHiacb h 
CMoxpija Ha khx-b. — ^xo «e flijiaxb, ;^HXJ^^Ko! Tyrb ya-b, bh^iho, e 
JiOAH xaK'b 3Ke cypoBbJ, Ras'B axH KaifeHHUfl cxi^Hbi! 

— A! — nporanntjia Tro^aeBa.— fl ceft^acb AOJio»y HHcneKxpHci, 
fiasia HacxaBjieHia bu Aaexe i^amefl AO^epa! 

Moa Maxb, HcnyraHHaa aa FojieMCioBCKyH), h noHHMaa, KasrB axo 
Mosexii noBpe;i;HXb ea AO^epn, nojsfiixajis, ki> Tro^aeaofi h naqajia 
yMOJiaxb ee. 

— Caaabxecb... Caajibxecb HaJ^'b nec^acxHOft aeHmHHoftl Oea b^ 
xaKOM'b HepBHoifb cocxoaHiH! 

M-elle Tio(|)aeBa rpy6o oxcxpaHHjia moid Maxb pyKOft; bt> axy mh- 
fiyxy $aHHH BCKpHKHyjia n 6e3i> qyBCXBi» ynajia aa nojrb. Tn^aesa 
6ucxpo Bbiinjia aa ABepb, a aax^Mi. k'b aaifb B6tjKaj[o Htcaojn»RO 
fopHHqHHX'b, H 6ea^yBcxBeHHyK) $aHHH noaecjiH bi jiaaapex^. 3a hhmh 
nocji'bAOBajia h ea naxb. SI aacEopo npocxajiacb c^ Hoeio MaxepbK), 
H xaK'b saK^ nepe^o MHofi yse aupocjia TH)4>aeBa, a noiuejiacb aa, 
Hefi. Ona npaaejia Heaa aa ypoKi* pacoBaHia. H KaKi»-xo ManiHHaibHO 
npojitjibiBajia Bce, ^rro Mffb npHKaabreajiH, h o^Hyjacb ovh paaciaa- 
flocxH xojTbKo xox^ja, Korjja npoaBOHHjrb KOjiOKOJi'b. JI^tBoiKH aa;^ara- 
jHCb H cxajiH nondtraxb ko mh*' cl BonpocaMH. 

— Mojiiaxbl CxaHOBHXbca no napaMT*! — KpHqHXT> oaccHaa jjaMa 
HexpoBa a ycxaaaBJiHBaerB BOcnaxaHHHi^'b no pocxy, napy aa napofi, 
MajeHbKHrb anepeflH, jitBo^eKT. Cojrhe BHCoicaro pocxa — neaa^^H. 
To OAHa BOcnaxaHHHi^a Bbi/^BHHexca ntcKOJibKO B6oK'b, xo ;fl?yraa 
no^acxca snepeitTb, — KJiaccnaa jiana cefi^acb ae paanaexTb xaKHXT»: 
HeMeweHHO noAfitraexi K'b hhm'b, ojrny xojKaexi naaaA'B, ea coctflKy 
J^BH^aex^ anepeji'b, kofo cxaBarb npaaie, HiKoxopbix^ J^ep^ae^b 
Bji-hBO a, HaKOHei^», b-b cxporoifB nopa^Kt Be^ex'B b-b cxoaoayK), 
Bbicxynaa Bnepe^a CBoero oxpa^a. Ho ancxaxyxcKHirB npaBajiaMt 
xpe6oBajiocB, qxo6H BOcnaxaHHHiiBi, Ky^a 6h oh* hh oxnpaajiajnicb, 
BBicxynaj[H, KaK'B coj^naxbi, npe^cxaBJiaa cxpofinyH) Kojonny a fliBara- 
jiMCB 6e3TE» myiia. Ecjih npeABOAHxeJiBHana axofi aencKOft apma npH- 



i. 



AuPS«OPMfiHHUlt HflCTHTyn. 14 L 

6aBHTi> mary, — h BocnHTaHHHi^i aoishu hath cicopte. He pascxpau- 
Bafl KOJOHHu; npa axoifB ont o6fldaHU 6ujih MOJi^arb; ecjiH oA&a H3i> 
lOcnHTaHHHi^ npoHSHOCHJia xoTH cjiOBO, TaKoe npecTynjieHie piAii^^ 
ocTaBajocb desHaKasaEHBiMi, ocoCesHO .b^ KO^efiHOMi KJiacci. 

TpjAHO npeACTasHTB, saKi HHoro BpeMOHH yzo^Hio na ycxaHOBsy 
no napavB. Bi cTOjOByiD boahjih 4 paaa Ibi jsfiEh (na yrpeHHifi w 
Be^epaifi ^afi, &!» o6'bAy h daBTpasy), ci'bAOBaTeibHO — Ty^a h Hasa^b 
no napaiTB cxpoHiHCb Boceifb pasx; Toaxe A^au, sorAa OTnpasjH- 
jHCb Ha nporyjiBy h BOSBpan^ajiHCb nocj-i nea; TasHM'b o6pa80M'b. 
TpaTUjiH 6oj[i>e ^acy BpeiceHH, a no cy66oTaM'b h npasAHHEaifb, xorAa 
npHxoAHJiocb oTnpaBJLflTbCH vh i^epKOBb, H enie Toro 6ojibnie. 

B'b TO BpenH, KOTopoe fl oHHouBax^, HaqaibCTBO HHCXHTyra yse^ 
HO HMtJio npana AasaTb bojib) pyfiani: eTTpenaxb no meKaifb hju* 
B86HTb ^iTb nonajio no rojiOB'b, Buciu posraifH, kb.ki* axo 6£iBaio 
paHbme, h^b moo Bpeiu He npaKTHKOBaiocb Aase h wb MjaAmeirb 
uaccb, HO TOiqsH, uhhsh, BecbMa ^pcTBHTejibHoe o6AeprflBaHie co 
Bctrb GTopoHi, 6paHb, GeswcjieHHiiUi HasasaHifl, oco6eHHO b^ MiaA- 
meiTb Kiacct, 6bUH o6u^humh neAarornqecKHMH BosA'&ficTBiHMH. 

K'b MOi^amx) h 6e3yc;i0BH0My noBBHOBenii) HHCTHxyTOK'b npiy<iajuf 
BecbMa cHCTeMaTH^Ho. Bnpo^eiii, na aseHniHHy wb to BpeMH BOo6nie 
cMOTptjiH, Kasfb na cyn^ecTBo Buojini noA^nneHHoe h noABjacTHoe . 
poAHTeiaiTb HiH Myasy, — HHCTHTyrb cTpeMHJicfl noATOTOBHTb ee K'b 
BunojraeHlM) dToro HasHaqeniH, ho lan^e Bcero AOCTHrau coBepmenHO 
npoTHBonoioiBHurb pesyjrbTaTOS'b. Orb nacb xpeOoBajioob hjiu MOJina- 
Hie, HiH pasroBop'b noiymonoTOM'b, h Tarn vb npoAOJUsenie Bcero AHfl» 
Kpoirb nepeirbHi MesAy ypoKann, sorAa rpoMRifi pasroBopii ne bbibu- 
Ban HH ORpHKa, hh Kapu. HaHfioji'be cypeBbut luaccHbiH Aaifu orpaHHMH- 
BaiH H cyasHBaJiH Aase HH^TOsRHbiH npHBHJieriH «K0$yjieK:b» (bochh- 
ouHHHi^ luaAinaro luacca), soTopbui^ no npasAHH^HUMb AHflirb, Be^e- 
poifb, AOBBOJUuiocb 6iraTby nrpaTb h xaniioBaTb. Kasx roJLbKO oni^ 
noj^HM ajiH myirb h boshk) Aase bi* xaide ahh, KJiaccHUH js^dkuu KpnqajiH: 
«no irteTaifbl bu ne yirbere fijiaronpHCTofiHO AepsaTb ce6Hl> ^bxH 
nocjiyniHO caAHjmcb na CKaMefiKu h, nojiyqafl nocTOHHHO Harooafi sa 
pbsBOCTb, Bce pise npeAaBaincb secejibK). 

KaK'b HH fiujia sHBa h maioBJUBa AbBO^sa npn nocxynjieHiH wb 
HHCTHTyrb, cypoBaa AHCi^HnjuHa h BlqHafl MynrrpoBKa, KOTopuM'b 
OHa noABepraiacb, a Tasse nojiHoe oxcyxcTBie cepAe^naro yqacxia h 
lacKH, 6ttcTpo HBH'bHHJiH xapaKTepi pe6eHKa. Ecjih A'bao^Ka CBUKa- 

laCb Cl» HHCTHTyTCSHlTb peSHMOlTb, a HaKIOHHOCTb K'b mBJIOBJIHBOCXH 

eme ne coBcbM'b nponaAaJia vb nefl, ee HeyAepsHMO bjiokjih K'b ce6t 
rjiynHH h nonuuH majiocxH. 

KoFAa H B'b nepBbd paai Bomjia wb cxoaoByio, MeHfl yAHBHJio 
orpoMHoe ^HCJio HaKasaHHJbix'b: HtKoxopuH hsi ninxb cxohjuh B'b npo- 
CT^HKax'b, APFi^ CHAbjiH «8a nepnuM'b cxojiOM'b», xpexbH 6bU[H 6e8'b 
nepeAHHKa, ^exBepxua, BMtcxo xoro, ixo6h CH^txb y cxojia, ctohjih 
sa CKaiiefiKOfi, ho Moe JiK)6onbzxcxBO ocoSenHO BOsSyAHJiH AB'b a'^bo^kh: 



142 E. B0;^0B030BA. 

y OAHofi fldii EETb R'b njie^y 6uia npHROioTa RaRaa to 6yMa»Ra, 
y jQ)yrofi— qyioRt. Kor^a, nocjii ninia mojthtbh, uu ycijiHCb sa o&b^'b, 
a 6ojii>me yse He Morjra buhochtb MOjnamfl u cTajia pascnpamHBaTJb 
cociAKy, Mo»Ho-jiH paaroBapHBaTB; Ta t)TB*qajia, qio moxho, ho tojtbro 

THXOHBRO. B MOHH CL AByTB CTOpOHB mOHOTOlTB Ha^aJU HpOCBioiaTb 

HacqerB HHCTHTyrcRHX'B n!bjrb. Kor^a y ffbBoqRH npHROJiora 6yMaaRa, 
3T0 osHaqaert, qTO ona BOSHJiacb cl Heft bo BpeMfl ypoRa; npHKpt- 
ujEeHHuH qyjiOR'B noKasuBaji'B, qro BocnHTaHHHii.a hih hjioxo samro- 
najsa ero, bjeh He CA^Jiajia axoro BOBce^ a 8a ^to HaRasanu cTapmia 
BocnHTaHHHi^ (S'bjDiaro Rjiacca), — HaMi>, RO^efinuM'B, neHSBicTHO. 

Ha Apyrofi AeHb nocjii sajsTpaRa nacB noBejiH bi Aopxyapi*, r^t 
Mu AOJURHH 6ujiH HaA^Tb rapycHKB sanopH h RaiuoTOBBie cajionqBRH, 
^to6h OTHpaBHTbca B-L caffb Ha nporyjRy. HncTHTyTCRifl Tyaierb vb 
Aope4)opMeHHufi nepioA'B OTJiH^axcH HeoSuKHOBeHHUM'B 6e8o6padieM'B: 
TOjiBRO HjaTBfl HiEjiH 6oj[ie HJiH MeH'Jbe no (j[)Hrypt, a BepxHeio o^eac- 

AOK) H ^bSbeWh BOCHBTaHHEipiI AOJDRHLl GbUH AOBOACTBOBaTbCA, ?T0 

KOMy nonaAaj[o orb npeAmecTBeHHHi^i. Hep'^AKO A'bBO^R'b, BecbMa noi- 
Hott, AOCTaBaiCH caionnb opb xyAenbRofl, h ona eie HarjirHBajia ero 
Ha ce6H. BocnHTaHHHii.H[ cxapniHX'b h MiaAinHxi» RjiaccoBi*, OA'biHfl wh 
cajionbi AonoTonnaro (j[^acoHa h B'brapycHBie Ranopu, CRop'be hoxoahih 
. Ha 6oraAtJibHiix7» cTapymoHOR'b, ^fkwh na MOJioAeHbRHxi A^BymeK'b. 
BocnHTaHHHi^Bi ryjLfljiH vh caAy no nojiyqacy, h npHxoirb toj&ko 
no MOCTRaHx, RaR7» BcerAa, no napairb, noAi* npeABOAHieibCTBOirB Rjiacc- 
Hofi AaMu H o6usHOBeHHO noA^ aRROMnaHHMeHTb en boprothh h pac- 
neKaniS. Ona naxoAHJia jxfla. axoro MHoro noBOAOB'b: to efl AOcasAaix 
<AypaiiRifi cM'bxi»> soro-HH6yAb hsi BOcnHTaHHHqi», to nHJUHia ona 
rhxi, ROTopHji oTCTaBajH orb Apyrnx'b hjih ^yTb-^yTb beixoahjut m3^ 
napu, to sa to^ ^to RT0-HH6yAb Ha MSHyTy coCBaRHBaji'L ex moct- 

ROBli. BoCHHTaHHHipiI HeHaBHA'bjlH dTH HpOryJlRH H 6bIJ[H 6e8R0He^Ha 

cqacTJiHBu, ROFAa nxx HaxoA^HBOCTb noMoraia nifb cocjaTbCH to Ha 
Ty, TO Ha Apyryro Hecyn^ecTByK)n^yH) 6ojrl^3Hb, ^toCh H36aBHTb oeGa 
OTb BToft nenpiaTHOii hobhhhocth. Repeal* noji^aca nocjit nporyjiRi 

MU B03BpaniaJIHCb B'B TOifb 26 HOpjiAK'b. 

MeHH, RaR'b HOBeHbRyH), OTnpaBHJIH R'b RaCTeJlflHffli, ROTOpafl 

ORaaajiacb aenniHHOH) Ao6p'httniett Aymir. BooOnte HeJib3a cRasaTb, mo6ii 
BT. HHCTHTyrb coBciiTb He 6tiJio xoponiHX'b jiioAeft. Kpont nea, o64 
jiasapeTHHH AaMH, a TaRae h AORTopx 6biJiH BecbMa Aofipua cyme- 
cTBa. Ho saBit^aTejibHO, ^to Bci 9th jihtoocth ho nrpajiH hh Majrfcfl- 
mefi pojiH vh HHCTHTyrt h tojibho bi BRCTpenHBixx cjiy^aaxT» cTai- 

RHBaJlHCb Cb BOCUHTaHHHI^aMH. R'b TOMy KO, BCi OHH SHJIH CBOeH) 

OC0601D )KH3HbK), o6oco6jieHHOK) OTb HHCTHTyTCRaro Mipa, TCO H AaBaio 

HMX BOBMOHHOCTb COXpaHHTb AyUiy SHBy. 

xJto ae TH TaR-b rpycTna, MHjuaa A*BO^Ra? — jiacROBO cnpocHia 

MCHfl RacTejiHHUia. 9to 6bM0 nepBoe JiacROBoe cjiobo, ROTopoe a ycjm- 
xajia BT, cT*HaxT» HHCTUTyra, h, bm*cto OTBtea, a npanajia R'b ea 



;^O^E^^()PMEHHU KHcTMTyi-B. 143 

unmj H sa^HJiacb cJiesaiiH. Oaa ^sijia MH'ii BuniaKaTboa, HanoHia 
ueuA Ro^eewb n ycaAHJia e,t> cTOJiy. 

— JKajEB, qxo Te6a He npHBesjiH k'b ofin^eMy npieMy, Tpeiia MtcA- 
^aMH paHbme. Te6t 6hj[0 6u jier^ie npHBUKarb BH'hc'i^ ci APyrHMH 

HOBeflBKHMH. 

Ha Mofi BonpocL, no^ietf y oaccHLLa AaMH Tasifl cepAHTUfl, ona OTBi- 
^ajia: «noTOiiy, «ito y ehx^l cbohxi> KpomeR'b He 6ujeo. SanouHi!, 
jjjbtjsA, Kas'B M02KHO MeHBHie CB HHMH padFOBapHBaft, — He Cb noApy- 
raMH KOHe^Ho, a ci cbqhmu nacTasHHi^aHH, — owb h npH^HpaTbCii 
MeHbnie Cy^yrb K'b teoi*. 

Ao6po6 OTHomeHie MHJiofi seHniHHu ycnoKOiJio MeHH h, npHMipH- 
Bafl TO OAHOy TO Apyroe^ b Bupasajia efl cBoe yAHBjieHie. «KaRaH 
pyfianiKal Bi^b ona cBajHTca cb njieq-b! A 8Ta y MeHH ao nojiy ;toxo- 
AHrb*. — MeHbme Htrb, — Bce 6tjibe mbeTca y nacB no 6e8o6pa8HHin> 
oSpasi^aATb. 3aT0 bi. ^^jihhhoA pyfiamRi Tenjiie 6yAerb cnaTb. HoHbio 
7 Baci xojioaho: Bamn OA'i^Jia si^Tpoirb noA6HTU, cnHTe bu 6e» 
HoqHbirb KO^Th, AJiHHHofi pyOaoiKott zoTb hoth ce6% ofiMOTaemb. 

HaROHei^'b, fl npeBpaTHiacb m> RasenHyio BocnHTaHHHi^y. Ha mhI 
hba'^to fiiuo Hjoxo CHAtBmee RamoTOBoe njiaTbe RopH^HeBaro i^B^Ta — 
cHMBOJTb M jisMPnaro RJiacca: oho 6BU0 A^ROJibTe h cb ropotrhmh pyRa- 
BaMH. Ha rojiUH pyRH HaA'i^BaiHCb 6iAue pyRaBURH, nopHsanHbie 
TeceMRaMH hoa'b pyRanaMH njiaTBa; Ha roiyD meK) HaRHABiBajiH ypoA- 
aHByio neiepHHRy; fiijiHfl nepeAHHR'B cb ih^oitb, Roropbift sacTerfl- 
Bajicji csaAH 6yj[aBRaMH, AOBepmaj'B RocT^ifB. HejiepHHRa, pyRaB^HRH^ 
nepe^HHRi 6uie hvb rpyfiaro 6iiaro xoicTa h no npadAHHRaurB sa- 

MiHflUCB ROJieHROpOBblMH. 

^opiia HpesBuqaflHO irtHHjia napysHOCTb HOBOHBRofl: jsfios^ rpa- 
i^ioBHafl, MHJioBHAHafl A'i^BoqRa RasajiacB vb nefi neyRJiDsefi h nenoBO- 
poTjiHBolt. KaMJioTOBoe njiaTBe 6ujio nacTOJiBRO RopoTRO bi* MiaAmeicB 
Kiacci, qTO BucTaBJiflio Ha noRas'B sajRie Roasanue damuaRH, ro- 
Topue cRopie mosho 6ujio HasBaTB tj^ssmu hjih nuiSnaHuaHHy ■ 
rpy6He, &bjaie hhthhh6 ^yjRH. HoRa HoneHBRaii ho yirbjia npHHopo- 
BHTbCH R'B CBoeMy ^opMOHHOMy HapHAY TaR'B, qTo6&i efl 6e8o6pa8HBia 
Ty^iH He na^ajiH cb hofb, qTo6bi pyRaBHHRH ne cnoisaiH, qTo6H 
luaTBe He pascTerHBajiocB no8aAH, ona xoAHjia, THxeJio cTynafl, h 
BMtja Rpafine neyRJiioaRifl bha'b. B'b nepBufi pas'B Ha CBHAaniH cb 
poAHHMH HOBeHBRafl ofibiRHOBeHHO uopasajia Hxi» CBoefi nepeifiHOfi, 
B OHH, He cTicHHHCB, HOBTopHJiH Ha Bcb laAu: «RaROfl cirbmHolt 
HapsA^I KaRTi OHTi Te6H 6e8o6pa8HrB|..» K'b TOMy se, 8TorB napHAi 
coBcbiTB He 6biji'b npHHopoBioH'B R'B ycioBijiifb SH8HH. Xojini;eBafl 
HeJiepHHRa, HaRHnyTafl na njie^H, He 8an;Hniajia orb sHMHaro xojiOAa, 
KorAa TepMOMeTp'b b'b Rjiacct noRaBLiBaJn* AecaTb h A^se AesHTb 
rpaAycoBii, a bo BpeMH ypoROFb npHxoAHJOCb cHAiTb cb o6HaseH- 
HbiMH njie^aMH. 

HepeoAtBniHCb B'b (j[)opMeHHoe njiaTbe, h OTnpaBHJiacb B'b Aopryapb 



144 E. B0;i0B030BA. 

(cnajttHK)) y«e k-l cBoefi MaccHofi ^^Mfb *). HyaHO saMhTHTb, hto^ 
trocTynHBi. wh Aopxyapt k^ TOfi hjih Apyrofi AaM*> BOCIIHTaHHH^a 
BMicrb CB Heio nepexoAHJia hsi o;i;Horo RJiacca Bib Apyrofi, ojifivtwh 
cjOBOiTB, 6ujLB. noA^ efl pyKOBOftCTBOifB BOBce BpeMfl cBoero BOcnHTa- 
Hifl. Tas'B ycTpoeno 6ujlo ajui Toro, ^to6li oaccHaji ^aiia Morja 
xopofflo HsyiHTB xapaKTepu BBipeEHBiTB *efi 30-TH, a TO H 6ojrte 

BOCnHTaHHBIlCL, IipHBflSaTBCfl R'B HHM^b BCefi AyniOtt, CA'i^aTBCfl JMA 
HEXl HCTHHHOfi HaCTaBHHI](ett, pyKOBeAHTeiBHHii^efi, MaTepBK). Ho lipH 

MH* 9TH pOACTBeHHBM yBH npOaBMJLHCb B'b OAHOM'B! eCJH BOCHHTaH- 

HHi^a fiLua HaRaHyffb HaRasana ne cbooh) AaMOfo, ona oGflsana 6uia 
saaBHTb o6^ btoitb Ha Apyroft ae achl cBoefl AopTyapnoft aaMi. 

YSHaB^ 06% dTOlTL, ASkMa 06BIKF0BeHH0 HaXOAHJia Heo6xOABM&lH'B 

HaRaaaTB bo BTopofi pa3i» Ty, KOTopaa Gbura yae HaKasana HaKanyHi. 
fl HOCTynHJia k-l MaccHofl ffajit m-elle BepxoBCKOft, wb to bpcmh 
Kor^a vh ApyroM'B OTji^eHin KJiaccHOio ji^mojo 6ujiq. Tio^fleBa. 

— HoKasH-Ka, KaKT* Te6fl napaAHJiH?— cnpocHjia MeHH m-elle Bep- 
xoBcsafl. 

— BamMaKH ch HorB naAaK)i-B...~-noaajiOBajD[acb h. 

— A TH eme Kptn^e pascepuHCb, Tor^a Teei yae naBtpnoe npa- 
mjiiorb EBBmjBKSL Cothhke, — MHjio nomyTEja m-elle BepxoBCRafl. 

BocnHTaHHHUbi, o6paAOBaHHUfl Bocejuiirb HacTpoenieBrb cBoeS AaiiH, 
rpoMRO saciftfljiHCb. 

— Ax^, TeTe^Ka, — BApyrb saKpH^ajia a b-b BocToprt orb Toro, 
^To nocTynHjia kb Tasofi, RaKi* mh^ nosasajiocB, Becejiofi h Ao6pot 
Aairb. — KaKaa bu Ao6paflI KaRaa bh KpacaBHAal— H a OpocHJacb k'b 
Hett Ha meiD h paGii:bj[OBajia ee b'b ry6u. BocnHTaHHHi^bi, nocTynHBmifl 
B^ HHGTHTyrb 3a Tpn M'bcHii;a ao mohh h yae ycni^Bnilfl ocbohtbch 
cTb HHCTHTyrcKHMH HpaBaMH, cx yaacoMx HafijuoAajiH 8Ty ci^eny. Ho- 
i^tjiOBaTb oaccHofl AaM* pyKy hjeh njieqo He TOJibKO aobbojdumocb, ho 
c^HTajiocb noxBajibHOK) no^THTejniHocTbK) K'b CTapmHMib, noixtjiOBaTb 
ae ee vh tj6u 6iuio BepxoH'b nenpHJiHqlfl h $aHHJibX[pHOCTH: snpo- 
^eM'b, dTO cjiy^ajiocb TOJibso cb HOBenbKHMH, j^s, h to b'b p^akhx^ 
cjiyqa^x^. 

— Hy, MHjrtftmaH moh nj[eMflHHHn;a, bto, 3Haenib-jiH, qepesqyp'b 



*) B'B Aopeij[»opMeHHoe BpeM h BOcnHTaeHHiXLi AjieKcaH;iDOBCKoft nojioBHHbi 
A'l^HJiHCb na M^& KJiacca: ea MJia^^mift (KO^eftHUfi) h crapmift (6'&Jibift) B^ 
sejieHUX'B njiaTbflZb. B'b tomi* h ji^jTOWb mT> hhx'b on'b ocTaaajiHCb no 
TpH ro^a. Ka3s;^i>ift RjiaccB xhnBJicsi na ABa OT^'bJieHlfl, a RasK^^oe oTA'i^Jie- 
Hie — Ha jisa flopxyapa; oahh'b hbi ehxi* HaxoAHJicfl noAi* pyKOBOflCTBOirb 
o^Hofi, ;ipyrofl — ^o;^'b pyKOBO^cTBOirb ;^py^oft miaccHOft ^aMU. BocHHraH- 
HH^u OAHoro ^Qpryapa cnajiH vb OMjaoft cnajibHi^ h dujiH CBasaHbi MesAy 
C060K) rbcHte, H^wh ch ^o;^pyTaMH Apyroro ^opxyapa, xoxa owh h 6biJiH 

CB HHMH B'b OflflOWh OXA'^JKOHiH, CHA^H B'b OAHOfl o6nififL KJiaCCHOfl ROMHaX']^, 

yHHJiHCb y OAHHX'b H x'i^x'b se yHHTeJiefl. TaR'b icaK'b B'b KasKAOM'b oxA'l^eHiH 
6UJ10 no 2 Aopxyapa, a cji'l^AOBaxejibHO h no AB'b KJiaccHbix'b AaMbi, xo oni^ 
AesKypHJiH Bi> KJiacc^ no oiepeAH, h o^na RS'b ehxi^ bi> CBoGoABoe BpeMfl 
Morjia ybsTKaxb hs'b HHCxHxyxa. 







;^OPE^OPMEHUUfi HHCTETyi^. 145 

hIsho. 3Atcb exo He npHHjiTo,— OTcxpaHHA Mena, csasajia m-elle 
BepxoBcsa&.-K'B tomj me, tu AOJUsna BcibrB KiaccHUTB a^hi Hasu- 
BaTb «mademoiselle», a He «TeTeHKa>. Hepeai HeAiJiro-Apyryro, Kor^a 
TBI 6yAeniB jace He HOBeHbsaH, a cTapeEbsaa, tu sojEKHa fiyxeniB 

9T0 TBepAO nOMHHTB. 

Bee 8T0, OAHaso, 6u]io cKaeaHO o^ohb mhjio. SartM'B mh no oqe- 
pe^H AOJixHU 6ujLE noAXOAHTB K^ Hefi H qHTaiB no-pyccKH H no- 
^paHiiyscEH. HaROHeiici, OHa ymjia vh cbod ROMHaTy. 

Kor^a MH ocTaiHCb o^Ht, a'^^bo^kh ORpysHJiH MeHfl h CTajiH sa- 
KHABiBaTb BonpocaMH. Ho, RorAa b BupasHJia pa^ocTB no noBoxy Toro, 
mx> nocTynHia He ri* Tso^fleBofi^ ROTopaa mh^ oqeHB He noHpaBHJiacb, 
a R'B BepxoBCROfi» BOonHTaHHHi^u noTHHyiH MOHH Ki, ABepH AopTyapa, 
Ha npoTHBonojEOSHOUTi ROHi^ ROTOparo HaxoAHJiacB ROMHaTa HameM 
AaMU, roBopa, tto Tyn» 6yAeTB MOH'be cjOiinieFB nanrb paaroBopB. 
nepe6HBaH Apyr% APF^) ^^ coo6niaj[H uwb o ToifB, ?to BepxoBCRaa 
HepbAKO nocTynaeTB cb hhmh en^e xyaRe^ niwb Tio^HeBa. Ho MeHfl 
dTO He BSBOJiHOBajio: h noAyMajia, qTO a^bo^rh caMH chjbho na- 
maiHJiH. A MH% qero se 6oflTBCfl? H coCHpajnacb 6bitb oneHB npH- 
jiesHofl H nocjiyniHofii rtq6u no OROH^aniH Rypca nojiy^HTB sojioTyio 
MeAan, RaR'B a aro o6'bn;aJia Moefi judChmoS cecxp'b h MaxynxRi. 

— A Til savbM'B noAJiHBSBajiacB? Saq-bMi noji'itejEa i^OBaTB Bep- 
xoBCRyi) BT* ry6u? — HaRHHyjtacB na mohh oAHa uwb noApyrB, no 
^aMHJiiH PaTManoBa. H ohohb nepeROH^ysnjracB, ne snafl, ^to or- 
BtTHTB. Ho xyrB Bci A'i^BOHRH cTaJEH MCHH saD^Hn^aTB, onpaBABiBaa 
MOft nocxynoRi xiH'B, hto h HOBeHBRan, h npocHiH Menn noRasaTB 
vwb BeniH, npHBeseHHUH En AOMy. Meas cxBaTHiH cb o6iETh cto- 
poHik Ba pyRH, H Mu Bci BMicii no6tsaj[H R'B Ta6ypeTy, bx nn^Ri 
KOToparo yse cxoHJia moh niRaxyjiRa. ^jih yAo6cxBa mh onycxHJiHCB 
Ha ROjrbHH H Ha^ajiH BUHHMaxB h8% mRaxyj[RH pasm^HHe CBepxoqRH: 
RapaHAanm, BcxaBOHRH j^a nepa, nepoqHHHBie hojbh^rh h APyna 

KJiaCCHBIH npHHS^eSHOCXH. 

— Hy, »xo He HHxepecHol— oxpfeajia PaxManoBa. 9xo 6KLaa xy- 
Aon^aBaa, BucoRaro pocxa A'i^BO'^Ra, cb cM'ikion^HMHCH xjiadaMH na bbi- 
Raxi, nopxEBmnMH en MHJiOBHAHoe, eepBHoe, noABHaRHoe mu,o, npnAaBan 
euy HacMinuHBoe, HHOxAa Aaace Harjioe Bupa^eme. 

— Ho^eMy 2Re He HHxepecHo? — b'b o6HAi sa mohh nepe6HJia ee 
OjBXHHa, 6ojiib8HeHHaH, CjAjle^lsl A'^BoqRa cb ghhhmh nasaMH.— Pax- 
ManoBofi BcexAa HpaBHxcH xojibro xo, ^xo Aoporo cxonrB n napHAHol 

— A xBi j[io6HmB XOJIBRO raAocxBl.. HeAapoMi xh nocxHHii^a h 
6oroMOJiRa!— fipocHJia eft PaxMaHona. 

— HepecxaHBxe SpaHHXBCfll HycxB HOBOHBRafl noRaserB HaMT> 
Bce, 1T0 y HttH ecxB,— RpHqajra co BctxB cxopoHi*. 

fl CHjua BepxHee oxAlJienie cBoeft mRaxyjiRH, Roxopoe, RpoMi 
RxaccHHXB npuHaAJi6;KHocxeft, 6wlo saHHXo ROH^exaMH cb RapxHH- 
KaMH. KasRAoft A'bBO^Rt a ^3Jib> no ROH(|)exRt h OAny hsi ehx^b npo- 
THHyjia PaxManoBoS. 

iKMIb. OTA-tnii I. 10 



146 E. B0A0B030BA. 

— fl He Hya^arocb bi^ xaKoft jipflmi! — sanajibqflBO aaKpHqajia 
ofla, 6pocafl HaaaA'B noAaHHoe eft.— -Ecjih xo^eniB MH-h ^TO-HH6yi5b 
noAapHTB, Aaft mh4 Boxt aiy soH^eiKy, — h ona yaasajia na caMyro 
jiyqinyH). Ho una laKi HpaBMacB mh* canoft, ^to a cobho hoko- 
j[e6ajiacB h, qyscTByfl, ^to Rpacfl'ibiQ, bT) BaMiinaxeJiBCTBi HaRAOEHJiacb 
HaAi) msaxyjiRoft. 

— HmB^ »aAHK)raI — HacM'ikmjiHBo BOCitiEKHyjia PaTMaHOsa. 

— HiTB, HiTTb! 9to fl TOJibKO TaK-B... Bosbbih!— H A HcnyraHHO 
noAaaa eft to, ^to ona npocHJia. — A bopb xyrb y mceh xaitafl npe- 
jiecTb, xaKafl npejecxb, — roBopnjia a A'iBoqRaM'b, oKpyacaBmHii'b Meaa, 
H BLiHyjia CO AHa niRaxy.iRH 6ojibinyH) Ropo6Ry, HaaoJiHeHHyH) neJiRHHH 

CXpySRaMH, CpeAH ROXOpUX^ CHMMexpHifHO pa8J[0H6HU[ 6UJIR nxHqbH 

jiHqKH.—- 9xoiiHiRO acasopoHRa... BopooyniRa... rojySHHoe.. BopoHbe... 

— BopoHbH flSi^al 8ro ji,ubo\ Axh tu, AepeBeniuHHal — saxoxoxaia 
PaxMaHOBa h go Bceft chjiu y^apHJia pyRofi no fliUHRy, hs'b Roxoparo 
BbiBajHJiHCb H pa86oHCb Bcb Hon flH^RH, Hoe coRpoBHn^e, Roxopoe 
A 6eperjia cxojbRO nivh. SI oxqaflHHO Bapii^ajia. 

— KaRafl xu sjiaa, rs^RaflI—6pocHj[a OjibXHHa no a^pecy Pax- 
MaHOBOft, Roxopafl HHCROJibRo He 6uj[a CROH^ysena axHMH dHHxexaMH. 
C'b xopaecxByiDmefi yjiufiRofl na ry6arb, xo<iho hocji* repoficRaro 
noABHra, nanpaBHJiacb ona vh Apyrofi Ronen.!! Aopxyapa. 

Mk6 He xojibRo sajib 6ujio Rpome^nurb HH^eR'b, r'b Roxopinrb a 
BceiAa qyBCXBOBajia utawHOCXb, ho ohh Aoporn 6ujih mh^ h noxoMy, 
Hxo 6yAHJiH BOcnoMHHaHifl o ropnqo jiH)6HM0ft Hflni, cb ROxopoK) a 
co6Hpajia ETh b'b ji'bcy, ROXAa y nacb py6HJiH AepoBba, naAasmiii 
BHH8% C'b nxHHbHMH .FHisAaMH. K'b xoMy »e MeHA HenpiHXHO nopasHia 
xaRaa rpyfiocxb, xaRaa MajEb^nmecRafl BUXOARa B'b HHcxHxyrb. 

Mama PaxManoBa Hxpajia 6ojibnryK) pojrb vb namefi shbhh, a 
noxoMy fl H xo^y nosnaROMEXb ct> Heio, RaROK) ona SbiJia He xo^ro 
B'b MJiaAmeM'b, ho h B'b cxapmenfb Rjiaccb. Eh Maxb 0BA0B&[a, Ror^a 
AO^epH 6£[Jio OROJo roAa. He HMia HHRaRHX'b cpeACXB'b r'b shrhh, 
ona 6biJia paA«, ^to npeAcxaBHJiacb B03M0»H0cxb noceraxbca c'b 
pe6eHR0M'b Ha 6e8njiaxHoft nojioBHHt BAOBbnro AOMa CMo.TibHaro. ^h- 
jiH^RaMu axoro yqpeacAeHia 6hjih »eHfii yMepniHX'b o$HuepoB'b, a xaR»e 
cpeAHefi pyRH qHHOBHHROB'b BoeHHaxo H rpaacAancRaro B^AOMCXBa. B'b 
rpoMaAHOH'b 6ojibniHHcxBt cjiyqaeB'b axo see Cujih cxapbiH, Heo6pa80- 
BaHHUfl aceHn(HHbi, Roxopua, RaR'b co6aRH, c^b yxpa ao se^epa rpus- 
jiHCb Me«Ay co6oft, yjiH^ajH Apyn Apyra Borb snaerb B'b RaRix^ 
npecxynjieHifflCb h cRaHAajaxib, noAoepaHHUx-b, Btpoaxno, ovb xaRHXT> 
se xajiRMX'b cyn^ecxB'b, KaRHMH oni dujiH caMH. TaRHifb o6pa80M'b, 
Mama PaxnaHOBa CBoe pannee a^cxbo nposeJia cpeAH epanqjHBHX^, 
noin.ibixT» cxapyxT», noayBHacMBmHrb h3^ yna orb HenpeRpamaromuxca 
HHxpiirb, APfl3r'b H ccop'b. Hocjit »h3hh bo BAOBbeM'b AOM*, Roxopaa 
MorJia 3aJio«HXb B'b Ayniy peoenKa jinnib AypHbia crjohhocxh h fies- 
HpaBCTBeHHHH npHBbnRH, oHa Ha 9-M^ Hju lO-M-b roAy shbhh no- 
cxyinua B'b HHcxaxyrb. HHCXHxyxcKoe BOcnaxaHie . xoro BpeMena He 



AOP£«OPMBHHBlft HHCTHTyTB. 147 

Morjio 6iaroDpijiTHO noBJO^Tb sa Koro 6u to hh fiujio, PamaHOBy 
xe OHO HcnopTHJO en;e 6ojrbe. Bt^Hue orphkh uaccHfiix'L A^itb, 
HasaBaHui sa BCflsoe npoflBJieme aicHBOCTH^ iiymTpoBRa h cypoBaa i(Hc- 
i^HiuHHa Bce 6ojrbe osecTonajiH 6a cepwe^ ho He mofjih OKOHHaiejiBRo 
noAaBHT& sHBocTb 8T0fl Ha p^AKOCTB HOABHSHolt Haiypu, OCTpOyiCHOfi 
H OTB npHpoAU BecbMa HerjiynoS a^^bohkh. Ona co crpacibK) 6poca*- 
.lacb Ha nrpbi h 6'broTHK) no npadAHH&airb, ho h 8to BOsfiysAajio 
HeyAOBOJibCTBie uaccHUTb x^^irb. A m esAy rbirb oa HeyroMOHHaa narypa 
xpeCoBajia myMa^ spHsa, bo3hh. H axy noTpednocTb oHa Hanajia y^o- 
BjcTBopHTb HcnojTTHniKa, KOFAa H3i luacca Ha BpeMfl yxoAHia 
j(e«ypHafl Aana. Torxa hbi^ oahofo KOHi^a KoppH^opa b'b xpyrofi pas- 
AaBajiHCb ea pacnaTHCTuft xozorb, spuK^, bhsfl, nepeMesaBiniecH 
^iipsaHbeiTb, cjounajECfl inyM'b otb ea 6iroTHH. Ee to-h-a^o iobhih 
Ba irbcTi npeciynAeniH, cb hoh cpuBajiH nepeAHHK'by TOJsajiH vh 
jrofb, vb Mficvfk, cunajiocb na ea 6e8ma6amHy]D rojosy h MHOxecTBO 
^yrRXb Hasaaanift. IDaiOBJiHBaa, nepBHaa, HesocnHTaHHaa, ptssaa, 
HeB03AepsHaa Ha asBiR'b, oSosieHHaa Mfl HeBlpoaTHOCTH, Mama 
PaTManosa ciaia rpyfiarb nanponajiyK) h noiywia, nasoHei^'b, shh* 
Ten €OTqaaHHOfi», soTopEifi HeorbeiueMo ociaica sa hoh) bo Bce Bpena 
flHCTHTyrcsaro BocHHTama. 

Ona Aocaa^ajia, oAHaso, He TOJibso lu. AaMaicb, ho h noApyram^, 
enrnaTiei) Koropurb Tose ne noibBOBajiacb. Biqno H8onQ)aacb 
B% mKoalHH^ecTBi, ona 6pocaia vh nniiHTp'b oahoS MORpyn TpanRy 
H nopTHia RHHry hjih na-qncTo nepenHcaHHjK) xeTpaj^^ Apyrofi no- 
THXOHbRy sacoBUBaJia sa mffjrb fiyiaBRy hih RycoR'b s^BanHofi 6y- 
MaTH. Bi cTapmeiTb. Riacdb ea MaibHHmecRia maiocm CMinajiHCb 
xpyrHMH: bo Bpena ypoRa ona to-h-a^o o6opaqHBajiacb ki BOCUTaH- 
HHi^airb, CHA'i^BniHirb csaAH ea, Al^aia rpHMacu Hjra nocpexcTBOM'b 
MHMBBH CBoero noABHSRHoro iHi^a vb ROMBHecROirb BHA^b HSoGpasaia 
y^uHxeia, RjiaccHyi) xaiiy, HOApyry. C'b TaRHirb se hhah^h 
^peHTHSUoiTb H CescepAeHieM'b ona BBicirbHBajia ne toaro romh^huh 
€TopoHii, ROTopua leiRO czBaTbiBajia, ho h ^HSHHecRie hoao- 
CTaTRH noApyrb,— oco6eHHOMy BucirbHBaHiK) noABeprajia ona Aypny- 
merb. Eii^e 6ojiie OTxauHBajia orb nea noApyn ea npHBuqRa ji^aTb 
HaHeRH na to, qero TorAa He BtA^ut'b en^e hhrto. Bi paaroBop'b hjih 
cnopi C'b TOBapRaiiH ona BApyrb npoHsnocHJia RaRoe-HuCyAb cxobo 
UE ^pasy, HTO-To noRasuBajia pyRaMH h RaRi to npi aTOirb oco6eHHO 
Hario ^upRajia vb ihi^o, o63UBaa Raa^yi) Ajpoft h TyiiHii,eio. SI rjiy- 
60R0 j6ixMfiE9k B'b TOJfb, qTo vh TO Bpena HHRTO HBi Hacb He no- 
HHMaji'b, Vb ^ewb a^^o, ho RasA^ hhcthhrthbho qyBCTBOBaja, qro 

dTO AOJaCHO fiUTb qT0-HH6yAb CRBepHOe, nOCTUAHOe, H 3A0p0BUfi HH- 

CTHHRTb sacTaBJiaji'b Hacb, HecMOTpa Ha j[]D6onbiTCTBO, CTOJib npH- 
cyniee sencROiiy noiy, ne npHCTaBaTb ri* neS cb pascnpocaMH o 
TOiTb, ^To ona xoT^a cRasaTb liwb hjih ApyrBM'b naMCROifb hih 

^SeCTOlTb. 

Ona 6HJia o^enb n^eApa, ho h bto npoasjifljia AOBOJibHO rpy6o: 

10* 



148 E. B0A0B030BA. 

no^TH Bci CBOH rocTHHi^ oHa pas^aBaia noAPF^VT», HCOD^aa «nap- 
$eTOK'B». «nap$eTKaHH> hhcthtttrh HadiraajiH rbTh hs'b CBOHrs 
noApyrB, R% rotopmitl 6jiaroBOjiHjin EJiaccHKUi Aau bi sa htl nociyniaHie^ 
H oTurbHHoe noBeAOHie, npoflBJiflBmeeGJi HeptAKO bi* HaymHH^aHLH na^ 
CBOHXB noApyTB. Mama PaTMaffOBa Bcium CHjiaMH cBoefi AyniH neHa- 
BHA^Jia dTETb ^nap^eroKii* h HasKBajra EXb He HHaqe, Ras'B «hoaah- 
najB[RaMH>, «noAJB[H3ajisaMH», cnoAUHoaMH*^ €MOBemRa]iH> ht. n. Ecjih 

OHa BXOAHJia CB rOCTHHIiaMH Bl TO BpeMfl, ROr^a BOCnHTaHHHI^I CH- 

jijbjm wb Aopryapi, ona mBupflja hxi Roiiy na RpoBaxB, KOMy npsiio 
wb jLvap. CirbfliiHCB h 6paj[H, a vbwh, KOTopufl npe dToirB 6j[aro- 
AapHJiE ee 3a hhx^, ona BUcOBUBajia asuk'B hjim A^ajia no^THxejibHiiM 
KHHKceffB (yh npHAa^es) OTspaTHTOJiBHofi rpHMacu, a noxoMy bho- 
ciAAc^iH y3Re hhrto ho coBajica r'b nefi cb cbook) 6j[aroAapHOCTBK).. 
O^HaRO, MHi npHffleJtca He no Ajurb axorB cnoco(5i yroniema, h a 
Raawufl P^*^ mBBipHJia efi Hasa^x ^apu rbifB se cnocodoifB, RaRHMi 
nojiynajia htb. 3to sacTaBHJio ee nepeirbHHTB OTHOCHrejiBHO mqesl 
Gnoco6i yromeHUi. Ona naqajia BacoBHBaTB jsjlsi MOHfl rocTHHi^i, Ry^a 
nonajEo: jioxacB b'b RpoBaxB, a HHorica Haxo^HJia noAnb noiyniEOfi to 

fl6jI0R0) TO vbCROJDbRO JieACHI^OB'B. 

TenepB TaRHxrb cy6'BeRT0Bnb, RaR'B Mama PaTManosa, nasu- 
BBJDVh ncHxonaTRaMH. H sceio cBoeio nocitAynn^eH) shshbk) ona snojiHi^ 
AORasajia, ^o 6ujia TaROBOK); ho Tor^a btoi^ TepuHHi* eme ne 6ujn> 
H3o6pi^TeH'B. Tiwb He Menie, noApyrn b'b jijnrb c^HTaJiH eUs'B ro- 

Heii:B HCnOp^eHHOfi, ho 6oJUHCB BUCRaSHBaTB 8T0 BCJiyXX, ^IT06£I 8T0 

He Aonuo AO nea, h Bcb CTapajincB AepsaTBca noAaiBme orB nen. 
H 6u npH6aBHj[a en^e, ito ea o6n(ecTBo npHHOCHJO noApyraiTB ropasAO 
6ojiBme BpeAa, niwh eoje^bu, ocjih 6u ho OAHa ptARaa n saici^a- 
TeJiBHO xopomaa ^epra ea xapaRxepa. Mama PaTManoBa 6yAHJia fb 
nacB oSn^ecTBeHHBie hhcthhrth, ocjih mosho toibro xaR'B BBipasaxBca 

EB,(yby A'^BO^RaX'B B'B TO BpeMa COBdlTB nepaSBHTUX'B. 

3a TasejCEia hpobehhocth, cb to^rh sp'fiHia RjaccHHXi a^itb, oni 
naRasuBaJiH Tbwb, hto 3anpen^aj[H BOcnHTaHHHniairB pasroBapaBaxB cb 
npoBHHHBmeDca. PaTMaaoBa Hepsaa na^ajia B03Myn^aTBca hobeho- 
BCEieifB EOApyTB TaROMy sejiinoMy pacnopa^pemro h, necMOTpa na 
CTporoe 3anpen^eHie, aa^ajia pasroBapEBaTB cb saRasaflHOK), a BarbifB 
HanaAaTB na rbrB, ROTopna noA^EnajiECB axoMj TpeSoBaEiio a^itb. 
XoTa ona he cb RtM'B e3'b noApyrB ne Apyania ocofieHHO, ho bcd 
ErbsHOCTB CBoefi AyniH, Bce BHEMame npoanjiajia r'b RaacAofi 
HaRadasHoft, a rbM'B 6oJiie r'b toA, ROTopaa oco6eHHO gejibho na- 
AopsEJia RJiaccHoft a^m*!. 3a HaRasaHHyio ona pacnHHaiacBy crojibro 
XBaTaio CEJTB. OAHa e3'b HaH6ojD['be pacnpocTpaHeHHBixB Rap'B cocToaJia 

B'B TOM'B^ qTO HaCB SaCTaBJiaiE CTOaTB 3a O^^AOICB EJIE SaBTpaROlTB. 

I^TB CToa 6BIJI0 o^eHB HeyAo6Ho; R'B Tony se, ne tojibro RjiaccHBia 
AaMu, ho e noApyrn BHCifJ^EBajiE BOcnETaHHEi^, ROTopsia inR bo 
Bpena TaRoro HaRasania. Mama PaTManoBa, RorAa noApocjEa, RaR'B 
acTpe6'B, Ha^ajia cji'^aetb sa t'^m'b, qToSu BocnETaHHEi^a, HaRasaHHaa. 



AOP£«OPMSHHUfi HfiCTHTyrb. U9 

TaKHiTb o6pa8oirB, noiy^aja orb cocbAOKi Bcb symaHia, ho rasi 
uojsh cjiTh npH dToiTB Hponai^ajiE^, to oHa, o6paiaa&cb ri HaKasaHHofi, 
roBopHjia Tasi, ^to6h cjosa ea aoxoahjh ao yinefi uaccHolt 
fjBjm: cOt^oto th cyna He iniB? Ecjih 6u 6buo AOQBOieHo HaKaau- 
BaJb Hacb 6e» im, croji&ko 6u napoAj 7 nacB hdaoxio orb roioAyI» 
Chjibho HanaA&Jia OHa Ha rbrb, Koropufl H3A'bBajiHc& naAi noApyraMH 
8a iAy BO Bpeiuf HasadaHiA: ona ocBinajia uTb^ rpaAOifL 6paHHurB, 
rpyOuTL cjioB'B hsi* CBoero co6cTBeHHaro JieKcHKOHa, KOTopufi y nen 
fiui'BBecBMa ofimHpeH'B. B^ CTapmeii^ luacci ona 6e8noniaAHO sasAHJia 
npeAaTOJibCTBo: cnierHHi^ n aohoc^hqi ona He tojibko HSBOAHia ho- 

HCTOBUITB HSA'bBaTeibCTBOM'B, HO HeOSHAaHHO H HCnOATHHIKa TOJUKaJia 

flTB H I^H^aJ[a Tasi secTOKO, hto y rbxi ocTaBaiHCb HaAOJiro chhjikh 
Ha pyEaxb h m&b, h aro npoA'hJiBiBaia ona BnjioTbAO caMaro Bunycsa, 
KorAa yse 6bua BspocjioS A'^Bymsofi. 

Ecj[H HHCTHTyrb HCHopTHji'b TaRyH) 6oraTO oAapeHHyio Haxypy ci» 

JCHBUlfB 06nteCTBeHHtIM^ HHCTHHRTOlTb^ Cb OrpOMHOK) 8Hepriefi H 2KH8He- 

cnoco6HOCTbH>, RaROK) 6iuia Mama PaniaHOBa, to apf^^^ ^^'^ H' 

6EJn> H $H8H^eCRH. 

Yse npomjio 6oji'be 3-Tb M'bcfliieBi> c'b rbTb uoyhy Rasi $aHHH 
FoieMCioBCRaa nocTysHJia bi^ HHCTHTyrb, a MesRAy T^icb ona He no- 
iiBUJiacB HH vb Rjiaccb, HH B'b AopTyapt m-lle BepxoBCKOfi, BOcnHTaH- 
HMnjdD ROTopofi ^Hcjmjiacb. Ona npoAOJUR&ia ociaBaTbCH wh jia- 
BapeTft. Hto 6iiUia sa CojrbsHb, ROTopox) ona CTpaAajia, mu He snaAH, 
HO Hanrb AORTopi^ oCrh&cnajcb ee tocroh). 

OAHaai^bi yrpoiTb, Rocxb SBOHRa, Ha ypoR'b HiMei^Raro xsuRa 
BomjiH HHcaeRTpHca, a 3a nex) h FojieHdioBCRafl. Bose, RaR'b onaHdMi- 
HHjiacb 8a 8X0 BpeMHl Eh A^HHue, xyAeHbKie najtbURH nepBHO xe- 
pe6HJH nepoAHHRi, en AJKHHHa& men Rasajiacb hhto^roS, CRp'bnjUBHiefi 
rpanioBHo aocaseHHyio rojOBRy, ea ysEiH njie^H nepBHO nepeAeprn- 
^aiHCb, n^eRH npoBajiHJiHCb, h oh Soibmie rjiasa, Rasajiocb, CA'ibjiajiHCb 
en^e 6oiBnie h pacxepHHHO CtrajiH no cToponaM'b. H'biieii'b cnpocHJi'b 
ee, Buy^HJia jih ona saAaHHHfi ypoR^. Ona OTB'b^ajia, ^xo ho yqnjia 
ypoROBi BO BpeMH eoileHH. KorAa ona dirjio npo^HxaJia ysasaHHyK) 
«i crpaHHi^, y^Hxeib cnpooHjrb, ne roBopHTb jkh ona no-niMei^KH. 
Ona OTB^qaia yxsepAHxejibHO, h ohti eacxaBBjn ee nepeBOAHXb, ^xo 
OHa HcnojiHHja coBepmeHHo jiexRo, sacjiyaRHjia 12+ h 6oibmyiD no- 
ZBaiy ox7> yqHxejui. 

Ha ypoRi^ (J^pani^yscRaro HSURa onnxb npncyTCXBOBajia m-me Kapo. 
^pafliQrd'b Tose sacxaBHjrb $aHHH qnxaxb h nepeBOAHXb^ a saxlirb 
HonpocHJii ee CRasaxb na naMHXb RaRoe-HH6yAb cxHxoxBopenie hjih 
<iacHK). Ona na^iaja A^KajufHpoBaxb cxHxoxBopeHie «MojiHXBa>, noirb- 
n^OHHoe BT» xo BpeMH BO Bcirb $paHi^y8CRHXi» xpecToiiaxiHxii. B^b 
Hefi pedenoR^ o6pan;aexcA r^ Bory, ytfOJiHH ero npoA^HXb ahh CBoefi 
Aoporofi MaxepH. Fojiocb ea jspoxsiXh Bce cHJibnie, ona npoH8HOCHj[a 
cthxh c'b xaRHiTb ^yBCTBOiTb H ysjieieHieM'b, RaR'b sxo oduRHOseHHo 
fie yAaexcH a^thmi, a xiirb 6oAq wb HHcxHxyxi. Ho boxi bt> en AeRja- 



150 E. B0A0B080BA. 

MaiuH nocjoimajiHCL piiiA^B)ntie sbjkh, ofla ocTaHOBHJiacb, ho koh^hfe 
$pa8H, TO^HO cnasMa cAaBHJia eft ropjo. ^paHBjaii c^ HsyMJieHieirB 
nocMOTptJTB Ha HHcneKTpncy, a Barbii'L cnpocMi. $aHHH, He Moseir& 
JH OHa HauHoaTb ^xo-HHfiyj^B, xora KaKoe-HH6yAB MajieHBKoe hhgb- 
Meii.0. ^posan];HMH pyRaMH A'bBO^iKa BSfljra uijn> h OucTpo Hanncajia 
HtcKOJiBKO CTpoKi. Y^HiejiB rpoMKo HpoHHTajTB HaHHcaHHoe. 9to OKa- 

SaiOCB HHCBMO R% MaTepH, B'B ROTOpOlTB $aHHH JKOJLSMdk ee BBflTB 

Hsi HHCTHTyxa, saaBJiflH, HTO HHa^e OHa ynperB. JipjmBLO 6htb, 3to 
6buo BupaseHO o^eHB xporaxejiBHO, — y «niaiDau» toeih cjiesu ne 
n^eRaiTB. ^paHi^ys'B, soTopBift, BipoflTHO, cb BOCxoproirB AyHajn» o 
ToiTB, saKofi KOBupB cyAB6a nocHJiaerB eny B'B pysH b% iHii^t <^aHHH, 
H MOHTajTB yse, saK'B 6jjifiTb owb ropAHTBCfl eH) npH beicokhx^ no* 
cbxHTejusucB, Ha^aJTB yrimaTB ee, yKasBEBaji'B Ha Hecoo6pa8HocTb 
MBiGJiH cMepTH B'B OH TOABi, npopo^HiTi eft 6jieGTamfie OROHqanie 
Rypca, nepByiD Harpa^y h t. n. Kor^a <^aHHH BOSBpan^ajiacB na cbod 
cRaiiefiRy, HHcneRxpHca, HaRJiOHjiJiCB R'b Heft, nbacHo CRasaja: ^J^btji 
Moe! BH npeBocxojD^Ho noAroTOBienu! ^to ase nairB A'^jiaTB, ^to6u bu 

He TOCROBaJ[H?» 

RocjA OROH^aHiH ypoRa mu ctpohihcb vb napBi, ^ro6u hath 
B'B cTOJioByiD, a $aHHH mjia B'B jiaBaperB, Tjsjb ona, B'B BH^y cBoero 
cjD[a6aro baopobbh, AOJisna 6KJia o6iAaTB, saBTpaRaxB h ^^ase npoBO- 
i^HTB HO^. Mu B'B oAHHi FOjocB RpHqajiH eft: «nepBaH, caMaH nep- 
Bas no RJiaccyI» KoH^ysjinso yjinSaflCB, ona cb yrioBaTHMH ica- 
HepaMH A'^BOHRH-noApocTRa, TopoHjiHBO npo6HpajracB kqsrkj napaiiH. 

<^aHHH MeH'be, niwh RT0-HH6yAB hs'b nacB, Aojusna 6KU[a 6£i qys- 
cTBOBaiB HeHopnajiBHHH ycjiOBiH HHCTHTyrcRaro cyn^ecTBOBaHifl: ona 
cnajia B'B xenjiofi ROMnart jfadapera, HHTajiaeB Cojibhh^hoh) nnn^eK), 
ROTopaa 6uj[a HecpasHeHHO jiy^me o6n^eft, nnaa mojioro, BHA&tacB 
CB MaxepBR) no ffBa pasa B'B hoa^jid, Bci B'B Jiasaperi OajioBajm ee 
H cTaiH 6ai0BaTB en^e 6ojr6e nocjii en 6j[ecTHniaro AeODxa wb 
Rjiacct, Ror^a HHcneRxpHca npocHJia AORTopa, qTo6u am Hen 6ujio 
cffbjiaHO Bce, ^to tojbro bobmosho: ona Mooa cnaxB B'B jiasaperi 
j[fl 8 Hac. yrpa, yRpBiBaxBCH laR'B, mo6u eft 6buo tohjio, ^ORTopi 
nocTOAHHo cHa6sajrB ee cA'^BH^eio Roseio», — jiE)6HMoe jiaROMCTBo 
HHCTHTyxoRi^^ ROTopoo 6BUI0 B'B 6ojiBmoirB sanacib B'B Hameft RaseH- 
Hofi anxeR'b. 

O^HaRO, 8TH necjiuxaHHiiH jifla xoro BpeMenn npHBHJieriH, roto- 
pBiMH OHa nojiB80Baj[acB^ BHAHMo^ Majto yximajiH ee. Xoxh orphrh h 
6paHB RjiaccHBCTB AS^Mx 6biih o6uRHOBeHHO HanpaBjieHu He na nee, 
ona Bce-xaRH npn axoMi BBAparnBajia, 6A][,wbji2k h no-npesneify Hirkia 
yAPy^^HHBift BHA^b. Eh xpynRifi opraHHSirB, xoHRan opraHHsauiH, ao 
6oj[%8HeHHocxH cxpacxHaH npHBHsaHHOCTB R'B Maxepn, HiacHoe AOManraee 
fiocnHxanie ne mofih AaxB eft dnepriH, chjui h ycxoft^HBOcxH mn 
conpoTHBieniH ORpysaion^eft rpy6ocxH h coxAax^Hfli, — h ona B'B noi- 
HoiTB cMucjrb cjOBa yBHAajia, ne ycnteniH paci][B'&cxB. C'b noApyraiffl 
OHa M ajio c6j[HsaxacB h na hx'b pascnpocu bhjio. nezoxH A^iBajia oaho- 



AOPB^OPMBHfiUfi HHCTUiyrB. 151 

ciosHue orwbtu u tojibko, 6oj['l3HeHHo noasHMaflCB, rosapHBaia: 
<KaicB y Bac-B xojioahoI KaKx y BacTb cKBepH0l» — «^to th Bce ro- 
BopHmfc— y BacB, aa y BacB? y HacB to ae, ito h y Te6fl, rocnosa 
npHHi^ecca-HeAOTporaI..» HacMimjiHBO rji^AS Ha Hee, BunajiHsajia PaT- 
MEHOBa. «3jiafl, rpy6afll» oxBi^ajia $aHHH u eaiHsaJiacB cjiesauH. 
He Morjia ona nepeeocHTb h xojiOAa b'b fuacci, xota h b^ btom'b 
oTfiomeHiH oea nojEBSOBajiacB npHBEJieriex) He CHHMaTb neJiepHHsy 
lase BO BpeMfl ypoKOBii. B'B npoAOJisenie HicKOJiBRHX'B Eesjbsb, bo 
BpeMJi KOTopuxi OHa npHXOAHja B'B MaccB, OHa piAKO RorAa yqHjia 
saAaEHufl ypoKX, a CHA^Jia ea CBoefi csaMefiKt h scerAa ^to-to nu- 
caj[a B'b cBo6oAHoe BpeMfl. HEcnesTpHca, EorAa scrpi^aJia ee, lacKOBo 
cnpaniHBajia o sAopoBBH. BepxoBCRafl, ea AopxyapHafl AaMa, nocjit 
ea 6iecTjiii^aro Ae6K)Ta vb flSURax'B, roace OTHOCHjacB Kh nefi BecBMa 
ju>6e8H0, HO m-lle TK)$fleBofi, aTofi hcthhhoS dJionuxaTejEBHEi^l, 6hj[0 
He no Aynrb oiHomeHie K'b $aHHH OKpyaaioiiiHX'B, h ona To-H-A'ib^o 
Bopqajia na Hee hjigT RHAajia vb en cropoHy sioOHue bbfjihah- OAHa- 
ttjm, RorAa Ta, no CBoeiiy o6uKHOBeHiio, ^to-to nHcaaa, Tio^neBa 
cxBaxHjia HcnHcaHHue eio jhcthkh h cb sthmh Tpo^enMH, ^^to-to 
6yp^a ce6i noAi^ hocb, nonieJiacB kt> cBoeicy CTOjiHRy. 

— 9to ito xaKoe?.. 

— Maifi nHCbMo. 

— 9to hto sa HefisiJiHua! KaKia Moryra 6htb y Te6a nncBMa ki 
HarepH, KorAa tu bhahhib ee no ABa pasa B'B HOA'i^JtH)? A ecj[H et> 
MaTepH nHmemB, to cb k^^u'b ace HSBOJiHmB nocujiaTB hx'b? 

— KoFAa Nana npMXOAHrB, h h oxAaio hx'b eft cana. 
iD^HeBa OTjio»Hjia vh OTopony qyjroKi, Roxopufi ona nii^HO bh- 

sajia, HaA^iia o^rh h naqajia pasSHpaTB HanncaHHoe. 

— KaR-B, TU HBBOMmb nepenHCHBaxBCH nonojibCRH? fl ne tojilro 
cRasy oCii aroifB HHcneRTpHci, ho cana OTHecy tbou nHCLMa HanajB- 
HHi^, nonpomy ee o&bhchhtb uwb, cjAiorb jih BOcnHTaHHHi^i nncaxB 

CBOHIfB pOAHT&KHM'B Ha HBHRi, ROTOparO, RpOM^ nOJieRl, HHRTO 

baJcb He noHHMaerB? CM-lrorB jlh oh* OTAasaTB nncBMa poAHTeJWM'B, 
He npo^HTaHHUfl npeABapHTeiBHO RJiaccHofi AaMofi? C'b t^x'b nopT>, 
KaR'B fl Giysy, eme hhrofo ho 6ajioBajiH TaR'B, RaR'B xefiH. A sa ^to? 
He 3a to jeh, hto tu jiHaemBca cb cBoe© MaTepBio, ROTopaa, ne ycniB-B 
nepecrynHTB nopora saBeAeniji, naA^Jiajia BcbM'B Maccy nenpiHTHOCTefi, 
Aase HaHaIBHH^t^ ne ea to jih, ^to ona ocxaBHJia UA'^cb cBoe Ha- 
AyniRo, ROTopoe tojibro RHCHerb, hiohhti» h bb odicopoRi* naAaeTB? 
9Ta piqB dbua npepsana HCTopHqecRHMH puAaniflMH $aHHR. 

— 3iP«HB! HjiaRcal — 6pocHJia B'b en CTopony Tio^aeBa h, to^ho 
nocjrb 6jrHCTaTeiBH0 oAepsanHoft no6'6AU, no6iAOHOCHO BuuiJia hs'b 
uacca. Mu ORpysHJiH 6aHHH, noAasajiH efi BOAy, cMa^HBajiH bhcrh, 
HO OHa TaR'B paacTpoHJiacb oti> cjies'B, qTO ee yBeJiH B'B jiasapoTb. 

Ilponua HeA'bJiH— Apyrafl, a $aHHH see enne ne noRasuBajracb 
Fb Riacc*. KaR'b-To yTpoMi, EorAa mu tojibro hto BCTajiH, mu ycjiu- 

XaiH 6trOTHK) B-B KOppHAOpaX-B H CTpeMPJiaB'B fipOCHJIHCb nOCMOTpiTb, 






152 E. B0A0B030BA. 

HTO TaRoe cjiyqHJiocb. Memo nacB cHOsajiu ropHnqHbui, dojibEH^Han 
npuc^yra, RjiaccHLUi ]i,3,im. 

— He CM*TB BBIXOJ^HTb HSTb AOpTjapOB^!— KpHqaJM naiTB, H MLI, 
EEKb MUmH, npflTaJHCL BTi C60H HOpU. B'B TJ Se MHHJTy B*B HaOTb 

i^opxjap'L B6isajia nenHHLepKa n saaBHJia m-lle BepxoBCKOfi, ^T0 
HHcueKTpHca npooarB ee HeiieAJieHHo EBHTbca Kt nefl. Mh, KO$yjib- 
Eii, nosHpaeifbifl jiDdonuTCTBOifb, otuiTb BBi6'bsajiH Ha «pa3BiAKH». 
Korjia MH aaropoAHJiH Aopory ropHH^Hofi, npo64raBfflefl mhmo nacb, 
yjiojmaa ee CKasaTb Han-B, wh qeMi jijbjLO, ona ocTanoBHJiacb h pt- 
luitrejibHO npoH3Hecjia: «KaK'b ae bto BOBMoarao? KorAa y nacB npo- 
HcxoAHTb Aa^e He Tasoe Baasnoe, a& e to naMi sanpeiuaDTb pascsa- 
3MBaTb... A TyrL xaKoe, TaKoeI..» h, pacTOiKas'L nac^, qT06H oqn- 
cTHTb ce64 Aopory, ona CHcxpo Hcqesjia. 

H BTk dTowb cjiyqa'b, Kasx Bcer^a, Hame juooohhtctbo yAOBjiexBO- 
pHJia PaTMaHOBa. Ona cnycTHJiacb b-b HHacnifl KoppHAopt ki* Hcxon- 
HHKy, KOTopLifi, KdK'b qejiosiR'b MeH'be OTB^TCTBeHHufi sa Heco6iiD- 
Aenie HHCTBxyxcKHX'b xafin-b, He ycxoaji^ nepeAi o64^^aHHHB^B na- 
TnajTTUHHBiM^ H pascRaBaji'b PaxManoBofi Bce 6qbi> yxaflRH. Tafina, ro- 
TOpjB OVb HaCb CRpMBaJIH, — Hofitrb $aHHH rojieM6ioBCROfi. HaA*BT> 
yxpeHfiifi Ranox^, HMisniificfl y Ras^ofi BocnHxaHHHnu ]i,jul BcxasaHUi, 
H BaEHHyB'b Ha rojoBy njiaxoR'b (ona paacqHXbiBajia, qxo ee npa- 
uyrB sa ropHHqnyio h noAyMarox^. qxo ona 64aHXT» wb jiaBoqRy), 
OBa paHO yxpoM-B BH6'kKajia hsi jiaaapexa na yjiauy, ho 6Hjia nofl- 
Mana wb nicROJibRHXT* caacenflix^ oxTb HHCxaxyxcRaro noA'bteAa fflsefi- 
papoMi, ROXopHfi xoxqacb ysnaji'b ee h BOABopHji'b b-b Jiaaapex^. 

Mu He ycH'bjiH onoMHHXbcji oxi axoro omejioMJiflion^arG HSBtcxui, 
RaELi. R'b HaH'b Bomjia nennnbepRa h, bm^cxo BepxoBCRofi, nosejia 
Hacb wb cxojioByH), Ry^a xoxqacb »e BoniJia HHcneRxpnca h bsboiho- 
BaEHMM'L rojiocoM'B, He oS'bacHflfl, bi* qeM-b A'hJio, npoHsnecjia: «Ha- 
A^DCb, A*TH, qxo ofi-b axoMt neqajbHOM^ npoHcmecxBiH bbi ne 
OyAeie paaroBapBBaxb hh Me»Ay cofiofi, hh cb cbohmh poACXBeHHH- 

KaMH^. 

— qeM-B Hejib3fl pasroBapHBaxb? ^xo xaRoe npoHSomjio? — RaRi 
To.ib£0 BbiniJia HHcneRxpHca, naqajiH capamnBaxb BOcnuxaHHHi^bi, ne 
ycntBinifl yanaxb HHCXHxyxcKofl hobocxh. 

— KaR-b, Bbi Bxoro ne anaexe?— saRpHqajia Tro^aeBa. — Atl bh, 

(t)OKyCHHII,blI AX'b BH, CRBepHflBRHl BaCb HS'b rpadHb[XT> SaROyJIROBl H 

xpyii^ofi'B noAo6paj[H ciOAa ns'b mujiocxe, xojihjih, JiejrbfljH, a bbi Boxnb 
RaKi> ox6jiaroAapHJiH samHX'b 6j[aroAtxejibHHirbl MsBOJibxe 8apy6HXb 
ce64 Ha Hocy, qxo6H ci> axofl MHHyxH bu ho cm^jih h 6jih3R0 hoaxo- 
AMTb R'b Jiaaapexy, a Tbnii 6ojiie R'b ROMHaxi, vb Roxopofi jiesHTb 
Bxa TBapb... 

HecMOxpa na cxporoe 8anpeni;eHie paaronapHBaxb nesAy co6ofi o 
HGCuBajioM^ enie y nacb HHiiHAeHxi, uu xo*H-Aibjio roBopHJu o Hek'b. 
«OTqaflHHbUi», RaR'b cxapmHXb, xaRi* h MJiaAmnx'b RJiaccoB'b, nycRa- 
JiHCb Ha BceBOBMoaHBifl npeAnpiaxia, qxo6b[ qxo-HH6yAb BHBtAaxb 



AOPE^OPMBHHBllt HHGTHT7TB. 158 

o&h dTOMii ;^M. npA'iacL 8a yrjiaicu h ROJOHHaMH, ort noACMaxpH- 
BaiH H noACJiyniHfiajra 7 AEepefl jasapera, nafijioAajiH, kto vb Hero 
BxoAHj'b H vaxo]ifls%, pascnpainHBajiH jiaaapeTHHX'B cjiysan^HZ'By 
He cqHTaBmHT& hjshumi A^xaxB hb^ aroro Tattny, h xasHM'B 
odpasoM'B no-HtcROJi&Ky pasi* wh aohb, Asuse b% jihi^oi^, nepeAaBajH 
hobocth Apyn^ Apyry. 

KaxTb xojiBso ^aHHH npHBejH b'b Jiasapexi, ee yjiosHJiH vh no- 
GTBJiB. Ona bch aP^^^^} ^^i^*^ ^^ uxops^Rl. ^epes'B ^acB-APF^^' 
nocji'b Bxoro K'h en Rponaxn yse hoaxoahjih — HHCHeRxpnca, m-lle Bep- 
xoBCRaH, B'B Ra'iecxB'b efl Aopxyapnofi ji,2i}iUy Ha^aiBHHEia JleoHX&eBa 
H m-Ue Tn^esa, Roxopan, RaRi cxaplifimaA H8ib RiaccHHX'b AaM'B, 
cqHxaia cBoeD o6fl8aHHOcxbK) coBaxb hoci» bo set A^Jta. Korfta $aHHH 
jBHAajia oco6y, Roxopyio ona HenaBHAtia, ona BCRpHRHyja h noxe* 
pflAa coBHaHie: JleonxBena npHRasajia noBsaxb Bpa^a h npHBecxn ee 
vh qyBcxBo. Ho xyrB B'B ROMHaxy Bomjm, yse HSBtn^eHHBie co- 
6uxiH, jwifl A'l^Bo^RH H en icaxB, Roxopas, puASui) CpocHjacB Ha ro- 
itHH nepoA'B nocxejiBB) Ao^epH. Hama HanajiBHHi^a, co BctHH pas- 
roBapHsaBmaH o^ohb HaAHOHHO, na 8xox% pasx BJtosHJia see bucoro- 
Hipie H npesptHie vh cboh cioBa h, xopTsecTBeHHO npoxHrHBas pyRy 
no HanpaBJueHUO ri CojibhoS, npoHsnecjia: «Ci]D MHnyxy npomy Hstfa- 
BHXB Menfl oxTi Bamett nosopHOft AO?epHl» FojieicdiOBCRaff, RaRi ysRa- 
leHHaff, BCROHHJia cb Ror6Hi» H, rjuiAfl b'b ynopi na HaqajiBHHi^, 
HaroBopHjia eft cb xpn RopoCa neiipiiixHHX'B Bemefl, b'b poA* xoro, ^xo 
AAH efl A09epH-pe6eHRa hIxi HHRaRoro nosopa bi xoitb, ^xo ona. He 
cxepirbB'B HHCXHxyrcRofi MyinxpoBRH, Bu6taBajiia h8% Bopoxi, a ajih 
saBeAOHia A'iMcxBHxejiBHo no8opHO> qxo hs'b nero npnxoAHXCH 6'b- 
raxB. ^xo se Racaexcn xoro, Tro6M ona neiieAJieHHO BBHJia cboio 
AoqB, HaxoAflH^yDCH B'B rjiy6oROirB oenopoR*!, xo axoro ona ho CAt- 
laex'B, noRa Bpain, npHrjameHHue oh), ho yAocxoBtpnxi ee b'b 
TOM'B, ^rro 8x0 He npeAcxasjiHexTi onacHOCxH a^ui shbhh en pe6eHRa. 
HaqaJiBHHi^a, RaR'B roBopHrB, cxoHJia b'b 8x0 BpeMA, hoahhb'b oasa 
K% He6y, X. e. rt* noxojRy, RaR'B 6bi npHSBusafl Bora b'b cBHAlxejiB, 
mo eH, npH en bbicorom'b nojoxeHin, hombicjihmo oxBt^axB na axo 
TTo 6h xo hh 6hjio. 

— ^a RaR'B Bu cM'bexe xaR'B roBopnxB cb Hamex) o6osaeMOK) 
HaqajBHHueiD? — BCRpnqajia m-lle Tro^aeBa, rpoano noAcxynaa r'b 
roAeM6ioBCRofi.— Snaexe jih bu, sajiRaa, Heciacxnafl isenn^Ha, qxo R'B 
Hamefi HaiaiBHHi}^ cb 6jiaroroB'bHieM'B oxhochxch Aase bch i^apcRan 
^aMBjiiH? 

IIpoAOjrseHie dxofi ci^eHu npeRpaxHJi'B AORxop'B, ROxopBifi npocHJTB 
7 Ha^ajOiHHmi AOSBOJienifl CRasaxB efi f6crojibro cjob'b c^ rjiasy Ha 

rJiaSli. nOBHAHMOMy, OH^ SaflBHJTB efi, qXO A'^BO^Ry nORa HHKaR^ 

HeiBdfl xporaxB cb M'bcxa, xaR'B RaR'B HaqajBHHi^a b'b sxox'b aohb 
yse He BxoAHJia b'b ROMHaxy SojiBHofi. 

$aHHH npHHiia b'b cosnanie ho HaAoiro: cRopo y nes hbhjch 
zapii, a noxoM'B h dpoA'B, h ona orojio MtcHOia npojeacajia b'b Jiasa- 



154 E. B0A0B080BA. 

pert. Efl MaxB HeoTCTynno cH^tJia y ea nocxejiH. Otl BpeMCHH ao 
BpeMeHif ABepB KOMHaiu 6ojn>Hofi OTspHBajiacb, h b'l see BxoAHia 
Ha^ajiiiHHi^a, sa KOTopoK) HeHSutHHO cjrbAOBaJiH BepxoBCKaa h Tk)- 
<|)S6Ba, — HifL oHa npe^BapHTejibHO Aa^Baja anaTb o cBoex'B nocbmesiH. 
*aHHH, yae nepe^i btod 6oji43hi>k), cmbho Hcxy^aBinaa, xenepB 
TaH.^a, EaKi> CBi^Ra. y namefi HHcneKxpHCH, Koropaji cana 6LiJia jed- 
SameH) MaxepBD, neptAKO tqkjle cjiesBi npH Bha'^ HecqacTHaro pe- 
6eHKa. Ho wb xaRHXib cjnyqaaxii ona xBaxajiacB sa roiOBy h saio- 
BaiacB Ha necTepmiMyK) MHrpenB, a m-Ue TK)(|)aeBa npn dTOWb, cb 
npespijHieii'B oaas, Ha nee, 6pocaj[a h^ckojibro cjiobt* o Bpe^^ 6a- 
lOBCTBa, Majrbttmafl jiacRa, BcaRoe Ao6po6 cjiobo, cRasaHHoe HHcnoR- 
TpnGox) Hjm RaR0K)-HH6yAB RjiaccHOH) A^'MOK) BOcnHTaHHHu^t, Tepsaio 
cepme TjD4>AeBofi, He snaBniefi hh »ajiocTH, hh non^aAU. BnocitA- 
cTBin 6jiH»e no8HaROMHBmHCB CB xapaRxepoMit HHcaeRxpHCH, fl ynt- 
peHa, UTO OHa bt* xo BpeiiH CoJi'tjia Ayinofi ea HecqacxHyio $aHHB, 
npe^AeBpeMeHHO saryfijieHHyH) cypoBBiMi HHCXHxyxcRHM'B peaaMOM'B, 
HO, no cjiafiocxH CBoero xapaRiepa, ona HH^ero ho Mooa sairbxaxB 
iD-lle Tii)(|)HeBofi, HaBtxoB'B Koxopofi OHa cxpamHO 6oHJ[acB. 

KaifL xojEBRO BT* HOJioseHiH $aHHH HacxynHJia nepeMtna R^b Jiyq- 
meHy, aa MaxB saflBHJia xo^acB se, qxo 6epexi ee hs'b HHCXHxyxa. 

Ilocfb axoro npoHcmeciBiH He nponuio h M'bcflii;a, RaR'B b'b nam'B 
j^opxyapii Bonua noxHJiaa A&Ma, poACXBeHHHi^a ^annn, h npocHJia 
B08BpaTHXB ett mRaxyjiRy a^bo^rh, ocxaBmyneH y nacB. Ona coo6- 
mejia iiaui, qxo $aHHH, ntcROJiBRo AHefi xoiiy nasaA'B, cROH^ajiacB 
orB GKopoxe^Hofi qaxoxRH. 

E. B0A|^. 

{IIpodojiotceHie CAfbdyeim.) 






f ^ 



U 



C0BJ1A3H^. 

PoMatrb BuAbieAbMa Fezejiepa, 
Hep. ci> Htiteuxaro A. M. Epyii6epra. 



C'B paaHflPo yTpa Wb BOCRpeceHBe he HobomI) puHKt ropojia 
FaMMepmreATa BOuapHJiCA HeB'bpoflTHufi nepenojioxi*, h cjiHma- 
jiacB rpoMRaff 6paHB; Bce dTo 6hjio h'&kotopkmi» odpaaoirB 
jipeABapemeM'B eme 6ojiBaiefl cymhthah h 6oji*e rpoMKofl py- 
raHH, ROTopuMH AOJiaceH'B 6HJi'b BCKopt HanoJiHHTBca BecB ro- 

pOAl)' KpeCTBHHKH, ROTOpUH C'B RajKRaMH MaCJia, R0p3HHRaMH 
HHIHi H RJT&TRaMH C'B OTHUeA CHyCTHJIHCB C'B ORpeCTHUX'B BUCOTB 

BB noRpuTyro RonoTBD flOJiHHy piRH Bynepa; ToproBiibi ae- 
.leHbK), ROTopne Ha cbohx'b Teji'bsKKaxx, aanpflateHHux'B co6a- 
KaifH H J||i^poI^epcTUMH RJiflHaMH, npuBesJiH iftniRH RapTO(|)ejifl 
H a6jioSr^^H HtMCHO-aejieHHX'B orypnoB-B h TeiiHO-^iojieTo- 
.'bdfi RanyeTH; caAOBHHRH, machhrh, npoAaBiiu m^^ h ph6h,— 
Bca 9Ta TOJina, cb jiaBHHX'B nop'B npHBBiRmaii no BOCRpeceHBHM'B 
H cpejiaM'B ne^s^ufkJibKO noJiBSOBaTBCH puHOHHOfl njiomaABiOi 
"^aainjia ceroAHa nepeax BHCTpoeHHUJTB nocpej^H njiomaAH ao- 
^THiiTB saeopoiTB orpoMHyio Teji'bry cb oCepnyTofi cojioMoft 

r^Hdoft, THHCeCTH ROTOpofl MOSCHO 6hJI0 CyAHTB DO leTHpeM'B 

M»ejio Aunian^HM'B dpafiaHTCRHMi* roham'b, BnpflmeHsuM'B bb 
Teji'j^ry. TaR'B RaRi> Boai* He ABHrajicH cb M'bcTa, to o6uhho6 
pacnpefl-ijieme ujiomB^a MeMc^y ToproBuaMH 6mjio HapymenOi 
H noTOMy nocji'ibAOBajia BHanaji'b ccopa cb HSBOsqHRaMH, a sa* 
rfciTB nepeCpaHKa b-b CBoeft ROMnaHin h pyraHB no aflpecy 
ropoAOBoro, rocnoOTHa Easmyxa, TOJicraro u pHaeBOjiocaro, 

CB HajtyTUMH 06JIHBaK)nXHMHCA HOTOM'B meRaMH H ptSROfl ({)H- 

ciyjiofi, — HejiOBiRa TennepaMeHTa xojiepHqecRaro BcerAa cno- 
co6Horo npiftTH bb 6'bmeHCTBO otb nrnjiofl cjihbh hjih Koane- 
Hoft cejie^RH, CpomeHHoii RaRofi-HHfiyAb ToproBROft aa yjmay. 
BnpoHeiTB, rocno^HH'B IlaMnyx'B Cujtb npoRpacHHM'B hojih- 
Ae^CRHiTB, npoHBJiHBmHM'B HeyxoMHMoe ycepAie no cjiy»61b h 
CearpaHHiHyH) Btpy B'b CBofl aBTopHTCTB. Ecjih owb He yntJi-B. 



^56 DHJIbieMfB r£r£J[£PB. 

6'bacaTb, to b-l btomtb 6ujio BHHOBaTo Jinmb npesBH^afiHoe pas- 
BHiie cpe;iHeft TpeTH ero rfejia, orb KOTopoft irfecKOJibKo oTCiaJiH 
ero Horn. Bi) o6meM'B, ojiiHaKO, owb oejiaAaJi-B orpoMHOft chjioh: 
KTO nona^aJi'B wb ero pyKH, Toro oh-b jifipxajub KptnKO. H 
Kor^a OH-B TamHJi-B no HoBony puHKy b-b KyTyany HBrojioAaB- 
maroca Cpo^Hry, KOToparo noflMajn> na nonpomaflEHiecTBt, 
owb BBJisuiTy C060K) sp'fijiHiiiie, KOTopoe y BCflKaro neJiOBtKa cb 

He COBCtlfB HHCTOfi COB'feCTBK) SaCTaBJIflJIO ApOXCaTB KOJliHKH, 

y HecTHaro «e rpaacAaHHHa BusHBajio npiaxHoe ^yBCTBo 6e30- 
nacHocTH, HaBOAa ero na KpacHBHa noaTHHecKia cpaBHeHin, 
icaRx, HanpHM'&p'B: ^Mon^nafl ziJiaHb saRona'' hjih »Oko saROHa 
CoztpcTByerb*... HpaB^ja, oCman MOJiBa roBopnjia, hto no ho- 
HaM-b HaMnyx-B npeAaBajica cjiaAROMy cHy h BMicTO Toro, hto6h 
fiesHJioAHiiMH o6xoAaMH BHMepiHHX'B yjiHU^ pBaxb CBOH canoPH, 
JiroCHJi'b npocTo npHKypnyrb y noABopoTHH. O^HaKO, hhkto, 
KpoMt Hero caMoro h jtByxT^-Tpext CpoAHrb, He HM'feji'b o6i> 

iSTOUT> AOCTOB'ipHUX'b CB'fefl'feHift. 

"^^ CeroAHH yxpoiTB ero cjiy«6a 6HJia, A'bftcTBHTeJibHO, He hs'b 
npij!THHXT>: OHb BHXOAHJi'b iiBT> ce6a, e-feraJi-B Ty^a, cioAa, 
opajii) Ha acHpHyro ToproBKy, paBMaxHBajTb mamKofi nepenij 
HocoMi saciiaHHaro AepeBencKaro neHTioxa h aa cboh xpy^H 
noJiyHajii) otb^th, KoropHe, corjiacHO MtcTHOft noroBopKt: 
«'Bergisch Brot iet grob gebacken*, 6hjih He oco6eHHO AejiHKaT- 
Haro coAepacaniH. Bi kohi^'6 kohi^ob-b, OMy y^ajiocb yroBopHTb 

STOTb KptOKOJIOeHft HapOA'b nOTtCHHTbCH, yCTyHHTB COCfe^y 

HacTb nojiararomarocH Ka«AOMy KBaapaTHaro MeTpanpocTpancTBa 
H KaK'b HH6yab ycTpoHTbca. 

IIoKa ycTaHaBJiHBajiHCb jioTKH m BurpysRajiucb npHseaeHEHe 
TOBapH, nepeAHaa qacTb AonnaTaro aafiopa pacKpHJiacb, h 
Ao6paH *AH)^HHa jnojifiH nanparjia Bch cboh chjiei, htoGT) chatb 
CTy B03a rnraHTCKyio rjiH6y h na KaxKax'b BBesTH ee 3a nepe- 
roponKy, FA* (^"h Hea c6pocHJiH cojioMy h cb noMombio Kpana 
noAHHJiH Ha ^yHflaMeHTb. Ha axo ymjio mhofo BpeneHH, nacTy- 
HHji-b yjE-b AeBflTHft nacb yrpa, h njion^a^b nanojiHHjiacB noc%- 
THTejiaMH. OKTaCpbCKoe coJiHi^e ocB'femaJio Tpa HexBepTH pHHKa, 

TaK-B HTO B-b npOXHaflHOft rtHH CTOHJIH JIHOIb MaCHHKH H Top- 

roBi^H pbi6ofi. He6o ciajio cb neoCHKHOBeHHofi acHocTBK), h 
BOBflyx'b 6HjrB TaK'b HHcrb, KaK'b owb 6HBaerB jmniB bt* pia- 
Kie AHH, Kor^a Ha^Tb STHM-b MpaHHHM'b ropoAOM-B Ayerb Cjiaro- 
npiaTHHH Btxepi): o6HKHOBeHHo we hs-b i^'fejiaro Jitca npano 
noAHMaromHXca K-b neCy ^aepHHHHx-b xpye-b naA'b ropoAOBfB 
Hocarca rycTHa o6jiaKa AHMa, H3'b KOTopux'b naAaerb no^pra 
HenpepHBHHfl aosiab uemmTh RpynHHOK'B casRH. 

XodafiKH H CJiyHCaHKH BXOAHan Bly HH3Kia JiaBRH, TOJmHJIHCB 

y JioTROBi), 8ain,iani;eHHHX'b 6ojibmHMH soHxaMH, CojixaJiH h Top- 
roBajiHCb ^Ty ToproBKaMH; zpfkch npo6oBajiH KycoHeKT> nacjia 



1^ 



C 6 J[ A 8 H 1>. 157 

Ha ROHHZK'b Ho»a, TaifL BBB^inHBajin bt> pyK'b KO^iaH'B Kanycxu, 
HDxajiH safiiieFB, cMorp^vi y puO'B »a6pii, y rycefi KJiK)Bii 
H y Kypi TO irtcTO, r^t AOJiaeaTb Chtl »np'B. Ho hohth bc*,. 
Aaace rt, KOTopua oneHB ToponHJiHCb, ho yxoAHJiH cb puHKa, 
He dpocHBii npeABapHTejiBHaro sarjiHAa nepeaii mfian n ;tupBi 
onHTb aaRpuBmeftcH j^ocnaToft neperopoARs, sa ROTopofl, RaRi^ 
vyxH Ha caxap'b, RonomnJiocB MHoacecTBo nepHUXB (j[>Hryp'L. 
BciiTB xoritoocb BarjiHHyTb na xaHHCTBeHHuft npeAMOTB, koto- 

put OUJTB He HTO HHOe RaKl> HOBUft ())0HTaH7>, ROTOpOM'B 

TaRB MHoro TOJiKOBajiH H OTRpuTie ROToparo 6ujio HasHaieHO 
Ha ojmwh H8X 6jiH»aftmHX'b ^neft. 

y»e MHoro jii^rB npoeRTHpoBajica nasi pHHo<iHofi njioniaAH 
icaRoft-HHGyAb naicflTHHR'b. H'bROTopoe BpeMff npeAnojiarajiH 
BoaABHrnyTb MonyMeurb noRodnoiiy nacTopy /jjacTepRaifay, 
HirbsmeMy 6ojibiniH sacjiyrH nepoA'b roposcRofi AepROBbD. Ho 
Jii>6oBb R'b HCRyccTBy H u^eApocTb KpyuHaro npoMUOUieHHHKa 
rppoAa FaMMepmTeATa, RoicMepAiH coB*bTHHRa Bpooxa, npHBejiH 
Ri> coopyseHiK) stofo (j|>OHTaHa. H botb, Ha tomb caMOMi) ^ifbcrh/ 
rjTb BjiLHTejibHaii naprifl Hajr^Jiacb BEjcbTb noHTeHHyD ())Hrypy 
nponoB'i^AHHRa, ROToparo H'bRorAa crojib ;Re no^Hxajm, cKOJib 
H 6oj»iHCb, Ha dTOMB caicoMB icfacTb BHCHJiacb Tenopb cjierxa 
cTHJoraoBaHHaa CRajia, na KOTopoft neTupe MaJienbRHX'b roJiux'b 
Majib^HRa, BeceJio nrpan Cb naAaBmHim Me»Ay 8y6i^aMH CKajm 

BOJraaMH^ B36HpaJIHCb Kl> MOJIOAOfi, CTpO^HOfl A'bBymR'b, KOTO- 

pafl Cb KyBiHHHOM'b Bi) ji'^BOft pyR'i^ CHAH OTAux&jia Ha cjiePKa 
ORpyrjieHHott BepxymRi cRajiH,— h A'bBymKa 6HJia TaK»e ro- 
Jian... H ROFAa oaa co cbohmb 6e83a6oTHBiM'b jihi^omb, cBi^TH- 

n^HMCH BHyTpeHHHMl> CqaCTBeMl), CMOTp'bJia BHH3B^ BB efl THXOfi 

yjiu6R'6, Rasajiocb, npocB'b^mBajio yAHBJieHie h JierRaa HacM'bniRa 

HajTb BCbMH dTHMH HeAOdpO»eJiaTeAbHUMH, CBepKaK)II(HMH, niH- 
PORO paCKpUTHMH, HHOFAa CTpaHHO KOCflHlHMH PJiaSaMH, ROTO- 

pue 6HJIH BHTapanieHU Ha nee. 

Ha ujioniiaAH ctohjib cTapoMOAHHft aomb cb nepnoft nm(J)ep- 
Hofi KpHinefi H 61s^uuii cxaBHaMH. BjiaroAapfl CBoeny ysROMy 

$pOHTy H MeJIO^HOfi OnpHTHOCTH, OH^ np0H3B0AHJI1> npiHTHOC, 

xoTfl HtcKOJibRo npeTeniUoBHoe BnenaTJitHie cTapoH a*bh. 
HpHCTpoeHHaa jitcTHHua BCJia cb flByXB CTOpOHB R-b ABepM> 
yKpameHHoft opeaMeHTaMH empire, mnpoRia oKHafiHJiH cocxaB- 
Jienu H3B MHoroHHCjieHHHX'b CBepRaK)iii;HX'b creRJiumeKB, h 
3aRpuBaBnjiH hxb 3aHaB'i^cKH 6Bijra xaRB nacTU, hto sarjinnyTb 

BB AOMB 6HJI0 HeB03M0KH0. 

Xo3afiRod dToro AOMa 6HJia CTapaa A'^BHua ^pefijiefiHi> 
AAejib Jlpuejiimrb, BHy^Ra HtKorAa CTOJib snaMeHHTaro BJia- 
Atjibi^a JieHTo^Hofl (|>a6pHRH /j^iOMejiHHra. Oua h en B'j^pnafl 
Mhmh, a aari^MB 6iii;e aKonoMRa h ropHHHHaH daHHMajiH Becb 

8T0TB AOMB, — StpHte, SaKHMBJIH JIHUIb H'feCROJIbKO KOMHaTl), 



lo8 BHJILrEJIBM'B TETEJLEVTb. 

TaKl MK-B B-B OCTaJIbHHX'b ^pcfiJieftH-B JtroMeJIHHT'B TOJBbKO 

cTHpaJia HHJib. Kaacjiioe yrpo nocjii saBTpaKa ona cnycKajiacb 
B-B KOMHaTy HHJKHaro 3Taaa h nepe^'b TpioMo b-b aojioxoft paM* 

H CB HHBKOft MpaMOpHOfi KOHCOJIBK) nepeOAtBajiaCb OTil 3Toro 
daHAllH. PeBHHOBOft JieHTOfi OHa BUCOKO nOAB^3HBaJia CBOS 

necTpHfl KanoT-B, Ha^iBajia na cboh TeMHopycHe, rjia^iKie, 
Tenepb yscb ;^0B0JibH0-TaKH piAKie bojioch neciptiH mejiKOBHft 
HocoBofi HJiaTOK-B, KOTopBEtt OHa KptuKO saBflSHBajia no^'B noA- 
6opoji;KOM'B, HaxarHBajia CTapHH mBeACida nepnaTKH, KOTopHa 
CB yAOBOJibCTBieMB npHHHMajia B-b AapB otb cbohx'b 3Ha- 
KOMbix-B, H Torfla jiHinb Cpajiacb aa TpanKy h MCTCJiKy. 

IIpH aTOM-B BaHJiTiH 66 conpoBOSK^aJia Bipnaa Mhmh, 
KOTopaa Bpeifa otb BpeMeHH ocTanaBjinBajiacB nepejt'B oco6eHH0 
apRo 6jiecTd^BniHMB npeAMeTOM'B h BBynaMH BupajRajia CBoe 
yAOBOJiBCTBie. IIo MHiHiro (|)peHJiefiH'B Tl^ioMeJiHHrB, Mhmh 6HJia 
caMofl H'tocHOH, 6jiaroHpaBHofl, cepAeHHod juitsboA co6aRoii, 
RaROK) RorAa-JiH6o odjia^ajia noxcHJiaa ^ana. IIo MH'JbeiK) »e 
dROHOMRH, dTO 6HJia 6e3o6pa3Haa,^3^aH cyRa, nojiHaa 6jioxb m 
xyAniHx-B nopoROB'b. Ecjih ace nocMOTpiTb Ha nee fiesnpH- 
CTpacTHo, 6e3'B jih)6bh h Ccbb neHaBHCTH, to OHa npeACxaBJiHJia 
C060K) AOBOjiBHO-TaRH raAeHBRyK) MajieHbRyro co6aHoeRy cb 
BCRjioROHeHHOH, cB'&niHBaH)ni;eftcfl na caMUjK hocb mepcTbio, 
Hdi) RoTopo]^ FJiHA'^a napa xeMHKX'B CBepRaK)iiiHX'B, ho 6e3R0- 
HeHHo nenajiBHHXB rjias-B. 

HTaRT), npH cTHpaniH hhjih oh'& 6ujih HepaaJiyiHU. IIogjib 
dToro (|)pe]Kjie]KHi> A^ejiB cosepmajia cboiI TyajieTB h BaHHicajia 
CBoe MtcTo y oRna; Mhmh ate BCRaRHBajia na Apyroft no^o- 
ROHKHRi). H 06*6 npHCTynajiH RB HaejuoAeHiflM-B. 

OpeftjieflffB 6pajia Biy pyRH RaRoe-HH6yAb mHTBe hjih Ba- 
3aHBe, ho A'&^aJia dTO jmmB Aaa OTBO^y rjias'B. Ha ca- 
MOMB ace jifbJibf ona jmmB rjia8']^a, h dxo 6huio ea jik)6h- 
Mi^ftuiHMT> BanaTieMX. Hero ToaBRO ne bhaho 6Hao na 6a3ap- 
Hofi naoii;aAH! Hb'B ORna oTRpHBaaca TaRace bvljit* Ha anreRy 
r-na Pnarejia, h MoacHO 6Hao caimiTb aa ROHAHxepcRofi Baxre. 
TaRHMi> ' oCpasoMi), (|)pefiaeflH'B Bcer^a HM'i^a BOBMoacHOCTb 
cefinacB ace ysHaxB, ne 3a6ojr6jrB an rto bb RaR0Mi>-HH6yflb 
no^eHHOMX ceMeficTB'1^ ropo^a h ne 3aRa3UB.aaca jqi r'j^m'b-hh- 
6yAB ToprB. 

Ha BTOM^ cBoeMib Micrfe y oRHa (|)pefiaeflffB JSpuejomrb 
cH^i^a yace MHorie rojiH, h bb MaaeHLROMi> Mip'b FaMMep- 
mreATa oHa opienrHpoBajiacB hohth xaR-B ate xopomo, RaRB 
FocnoAB BorB co cBoero He6ecHaro ipona bi CBoeMi» Bean- 
ROM-B Mip-fe. Ona BHAtaa MHoroe, hto ee orop'iaao, neMHoroe, 
^To ee pa^oBaao, ho, npanjiy cRaaaxB, THXoe, aaofinoe pa8- 
Apaatenie efi AocxaBaaao fioabme yAOBoaBCXBia, H'feMi> pa^ocxB. 

Ho Hxo capmaocB ceroAsa— RaRi* pasB xoraa, Roraa ona, 



r 



C0BJIA3HI. LS9 



cjitJias-b CBofi Tyajieit Ji3in CTHpaHin iihjih, ctoajie nepefl^ 
sepEajioM'B H Bucynyjia CBofi nauR'b, ROTopufl 6hjii> h'j^crojibko 
o6jioxceH'B? 

Cpe^H 9Toro MejiHi^HHCRaro ocMorpa cb 6a8apa ;toHecjioci> 
xpHiMoe, OTKoe rHKanie nojEtGanpHBaromHX'b npyrB flpyra h3- 
B03TOicoBi> H rpoMRoe mejiRaHBc RHyTOBT*, Meatfly rhwh RaRTb 
orb noTpHcmaro seMJix) yAapa saApoacaJi'B nojii) en ROMnaxu, 
H 3a8BeHl&JiH CTeRJia orohi>. CoGaKa cb 6'6meHHM'B JiaeMi> 
BCROHHJia ch M'bcTa. <I>peflJieJiH7> Jl^uennKrb hhcthhrthbho 
c;r&;iajia'jiBH»eHie no HanpaBJieniK) ri> oRHy, ho, BOSMymeu- 
Bafl, oTnpaHyjia nasafl-B, TOTHacB ate coo6pa3HBi>, hto stotb 
myiTb HaxoflHTCA bt* nenocpejicTBeHHofi cba3h cb BosjiBHrae- 

KHMl TaiflCB BHH3y TaHHCTBeHHHM'B HyflOBHiaeM'B. A 061) dTOM'B 

ona HBHero sdaxB ne xoTJ^jia. Pas'B axo He obiji'b naMaTHHRi> 
JUHCTepRaMny, to dTo He yRpamaJio, a ra^HJio e^ niioni;aAb h 
He flOJiJRHO 6BIJI0 cyiqecTBOBaTb jum nea. 

nopAflOR'B H aRRypaTHOCTB 6£IJIH BHCIEHMH IipHHIlHnaMK eZ 

«H3HH. Cnepaa cTepexB nujH>, noT0H7> cfltJiaiB TyaJierB, no- 
TOMB norjMfltTB Ha cyeiy idpa. Ho 9to nenpHJiH^e TaM'B, na 

HJlOmBJUHj CJIHinROMl> CHJIBHO B086yXCflaJI0 efl FHtBl H en JID- 

6onuTCTBO. BonpeRH cbohm'b npHHi^HnaM'B, ona co 3jio6ho bh- 
Tapan](eHHHMH rjiasaMH nomiejiacB Kb oRHy, padABHHyjia sa- 
HEB'bcRH H Hpesi^ y3RyK) meJiB neamy hhmb BHFJMHyjia 
Hapyaty, ho TOT^acB »e ct> rpoMRHMT> rphroitb OTRHHyjiacB 
HEBaj^'B, pacTepjiBmHCB He Menie, H'bu'b ecjm 6u OHa nonajia 

He B'B CBOft HOMep'B B'B FOCTHHHHI^'b H HaTOJIRHyJiaCB Ha pad- 

ofltTHx-B aKHJiBixoB'B ero... Hepes-B h^crojibro ceRyn^B ona 
npHmJia vb ceGii, AocxaJia hbi CBoero nKCBiieHHaro cTOJia yacB 
MHorie FOflH ne ynoTpe6jiJiBmidcH zaamHuft Ohhorjib cb ajihh* 
Hofi 9MajieB0fl pyqRod h caMHM'B Tni;aTejiBHHM'B o6pa30M'B, gi> 

rOJIOBU no HOFB, CTBJia OCMaTpHBaTB FOJIUH (|)HFypU. 

Ona eme cTOHJia B'B tom'b ace nojioaceniH, ROF^a B'B rom- 
HaTy Bonuia en ROMnaHBOHRa, (|)pe^JieAH'B MenaejiB. 

— MacHHR'B npnmejTB, 6apBiniHH. Y nacB, b'&ab, ceFOAHa 
TeJWTHHa... 

— nOCMOTpHTe-Ral — BCRpHRHyjia, flpoaca BC'hM'B •rtJIOM'B, 

(|)peHJieftHi> ^MejiKHFB H noflajia efi 6hhorjib. 

— HtO? Oh'B, BtflB, He paBfiHTB? 

— ^TO pa36HT0? 

— Axi, Boace Mofi, anyMaJia, hto 9jiH3a HTo-HH6ynB paa- 
6HJia-.. 

— jQ[a, Ha npomjioft nejifkjrh — pioMRy ajih AmxT>. B&urb 
SToro Majio? H'ferB, bh na 8to tojibro nocMOTpHTe, na FOJiyro 
(|)Hrypy, ary... 

— ArB, FocnoflH lacyce! Axb, FocaonH Incycel — BSBOjrao- 
BajiacB H (j[)pefijiefiHx Meflse^B h kenaBHO ABHHyjia HHacneH 



160 BHJiBrRi&Mib rErsiBPi. 



^ 



t ^acTBK) cBoero Ttjia, npHBOAfl b'b to me BpeMa b'b nopajioK'B 

cBofi napHHOKL, CABHHyTHft cx MtcTE saHaBtcKoft.— Axx, Toc- 

> noAH, fla BTO 6orHHa! 

L — Bh Moaeie TaK-B HasHBaTB ee. H KOMMepiUH coBiTHHiTB 

Bpoox'B H ero «eHa MoryT-B TaK-B ate HasuBaTB ee h ;jaKe mo- 

JIHTBCH efi. H ^Ke rOBOpK), HTO 3T0 — 6e3CTH;iCTB0, 3T0... 

': — H... Aa, ee, co6cTBeHHO, nyKHo 6hjio 6h noMtcxHTB b-b 

ifyseii... IIpaBAa, hto HicKeJiBKO nejioBKO. Ho a xoxtjia CKa- 
8aTB, TaKB KaKB y HacB ceroAHa TejiaTHHa... 

— 8to xyae, H'hwb ecJiH-d-B SA'i^cB nocTpoHJiH CajiaraHB. 
^ 3to... 3T0 cana rojiaa HyBCTBOHHOCTB. H oHa Cy^erb CToaxB 
V 3a4cb... nepeflB mohmh rjiaaaMH! HtT'B, oaa ba^cb He ocra- 

HeTca. He ocTaneTcal Mhmh, hah cioAal Hto BaMTB, coCcTeeHHO, 
Hyano? — noBepnyjiacB ona BApyrB k-b ^pefiaefiuB MefiaeaB. 

— TaKB KaK-B y HacB ceroAHa TeaaxHHa... 

— TaKB 3aKa«HTe TeaaTHHy! 4ero bh TaKB AOJiro CTOHTe? 
Hah CDAa^ Mhmh! 

HoacHMaa njienaMH h Kaqaa 6eApaMH, ^^eHjieHwh MefisejiB 
yniJia. CeroAHa leaaTHHa, 3aBTpa TeaaTHHa, Heys^ejiH laKB 6y- 
AerB BCH) HeAtJiK)? 

HtcKoaBRO iirHOBeHifi cnycxa (|)pedjieftHB jlJ^^MeaHHTB cb 
Mhmh HanpasHJiacB bb cbok) cnajiBHio. OpenaedHB J],K)MejiHHrB 
xoTfejia HeMCAJieHHo ae oTnpaBHTBca bb nojiHii,iio. Ho, OAtsa- 
acB, ptmHJia, hto aynme 6yAeTB paHBine nocbTHTB nacTopa 
J^HCTepKaMna (cHHa noKofinaro). y nero 6Hao 6ojiBnie BaacTH, 
H OHB npeACTasjiaJi'B co6oh) fioa'be HaAeaayH) HHCxaHi^iK). 

B-B maairfe, cb 3ohthkomb bx pyKt, oHa onaxB Bepnyjiacb 

BB rOCTHHHyiO H BB TO BpeMH, KaR'B MhMH BCKOHHaa Ha noAO- 

kohhhk'b, cTajia eniie pas'B ocMaTpHBaTB 4>Hrypy na (|)oaTaH'b, 
KOTopaa, BB CBOH) o^epeAB, He to cepBe3H0, ne to yjinfiaacb, 
CMOTp'kna, KasaaocB, efl npaMo bb ani^o cbohmh MeHTaxejib- 
HHMH, 6e33a6oTHHMH TJiasaMH. ,Th cepAHmBca?" — KaKB 
6yAT0 cnpamHBajia A'feByniKa. „He Jiyime jih CTaTb ao(Sphmh 
coctAaMH? yaH6HHCB ae mh*!" 

Ho co6aRa 3apBniajia, a (j[)pe]3aedHX jihihb CKasajia: 

— TB(|)y! Tb(J)y! 

Ho Aoport K-B nadTopy Mhmh npHBiTCTBOBajm co BctxB 

CTOpOHB, TaKB KSJECB BCt HCH TOpOAa 6HaH CB HOfi BT> HaHJiyH- 

niHXB oTHouieniaxx. OpeftaeflH'B /IroMejiHHrB Tanae npHBir- 

CTBOB^H CO BC'bX'B CTOpOffB, TaKB KaKB OHa 6HJia BB TOpOA* 

Hpe3BHHaftHo nonyjiapna. Ona 6HJia npeAcfeAaTeJiBHHAe^ Bce- 
BOBMoaHUXB (|)epedHOB'B H noJiBBOBajiacB cjiaBOjS n^eApoH 
6JIa^oTBopHTeJIBHH^H, xoTa cJiaBy 9Ty mo«ho 6uiJio npHnHcaxB 
^ CKupie TOMy, ^To OTB Hea, MHoraro oaaAajiH, liM-B TOMy, ^to 
OHa MHoro Aanajia. Una 6HJia bb poactb*]^ cb nepBUMH ceneit- 
CTBaMH ropoAa, h ea MnoroHHCJienHHe naeMHHHHKH h njieMaa- 



k 



m 




C B JI A 8 H 1>. 161 

HHUbi HadUBsunn ee: ^eaina 6e8CMepTHaH xeTyniKa''. J^^th me 
BBajiH ee: „TeTa Hyrb-^Tb", Tant kekx, nojiyiaa bhbhth hjih 
ornaBaa hxx, OHa k'b UKJiawb MajiuinaM'b o6uRHOBeHHo o6pa- 
maJiacB co cjioBaHn: «A nyTb 6ujio He npHHecjia saifB hto-to 
xoporaee**, hjih: „JI Hyib 6hjio He octaBHJia jui^ BacB KycoKi* 
neHeHi>H'. IIocToaHHo— HyTb-Hyib... B'^AHue «e h CoJibHHe, na- 
xoAHBmieca b'b 6ojibmin% dBannee: nOT^?uA^yrjiHipi>*',T9iKbKekKb 

OHa HOCHJia HepHUfi ROSaHUft pHAHRK)JIb, HB'b ROTOpaPO OXOTHO 

pad;iaBajia AymecnacHxejibHHH 6poinDpu. 

^a, ona eujia HastcTHa, jiio6HMa h yBaxcaena bc^mh cjio- 
^HH o6niecTBa, h botb oHa xorbjia nonuraTbCfl, AOCTaTOHHo jih 
ea BJiianie fljw Toro, hto6h H36aBHTb ee opt 3Toro nyflOBHm- 
Haro coctflCTBa. 

n. 

IlacTop'b ^HCTepRaMHi), 3acJiy»eHHKtt jAmejih noAHHTiH 
o6mecTBeHHOtt npaBCTBeHHOCTH, HaRaayHt BepnyjiCH nai aPHTa- 
lUOHHofi notBARH o^eHb nosAHO H nodTOMy cha^jtb ente aa saB- 
TpaROMTb. Ha ctojA ctohjih npeRpacHKe sapu Bo»bH, cjiyman^le 
AJiH noARp^njieHifl ri^a h Ayxa: CBt^Re HaptsaHHas qaftnaji 
ROJifiaca, nojioBHHa Ronqenaro yrpH, Ropn^neBuft dMajinpo- 
BaHHHft RO(j[>eAHHR'b, HB'b ROTopapo nosHHMajiHCb JiePRifl o6jiaiRa 
Auica, HHRRejiHpoBaHHbifi cjiHBOHHHRx, 6ojibmafl Haimca rocno- 
AHHa nacTopa n rapejiRa ci> noASRapncTHMH JioMTHRaMH xjit6a, 
ROTopbie AOHb Haifaaajia eiiy aobojibho tojicthmx cjioeM'b Macjia. 
Bee 8T0 HMtJio oneHb anneTHTHHft BHA'b, h nacTopt CHAiJnb 
nepefl-b CBOHirb flodpoM-b cb bhaomt^ nejiOBiRa, ROTopoMy cioHT'b 
TOJibRo npoMHyrb pyRy, hto6h uacjiaAHTbca 6jiaraMH okhbhh. 
On-b xaR'b H nocTynaji-b, ho fffbjiSLJi-b 9to ci> oxaMH h BSAOxaMH. 
y nepo 6ujia cBoeo6pa8HaA nanepa aojipo h ycepAHo pasace- 
BUBaTb nHni;y; bhaho 6hLJio, hto onit Becb OTAaBajica 3T0My sa- 

HflTlK), HO RaR'b-TO HOCTOilHHO fipaJITk CJIHHIROM'b 60JIbIIlie RyCRH: 

ROPAa offb pjioTaji-b, ero H-fecROJibRO MyTHue rjiasa paciuHpa- 
jiHCb RaR'b 6h cb HtROTopuMii CTpaxoM'b, H Rasajiocb, 6yAT0 
oH'b AaBHTCA. 3arbM^ owb luyMHO OTXJieCuBaji'b RO(|)e h HSAa- 
BajTb H'bcROJibRo HeoAo6pHTejiBHBix'b B3A0X06X; nAxi} Aa, Aa, Aa, 
€e8o6pa8Ho, npflifo 6e8o6pa3Ho!'' 

OH'b fiHJi-b cTpofiHUJI My)KHHHa; HepHMii.cropTyR'boCjierajix 
nopHAOHHO ynHTaHHoe t&jio, m na MaccHBHoft 016*6, oxBaneHHOH 

OTJIOSHHM'b BOpOTHEROMli H 6iJlUWb, CePOAHJI H'&CROJIbRO PpSBHO- 

BaTKiTb pajicxyRoiTb, CHAi^a Rp'J^nRaa Rpypjiaa poJiOBa. FycTo 
HaiiaaaHHue, yacb hophaohho noptA^BHiie bojioch, cb npo6o- 
poM'b najrbBo, 6ujih Banecanu naaaAi), h cnepeAH noA'b hhmh 
npocBib^HBajia jiHCHHa. y nepo dujiH pojiy6ue pjiasa, HacToa- 
n;ie pjiasa JlDxepa, RaR'b POBopHJiH ero noHHxaxejibHHi^H. fla, 

IlOAb. OTAtjn* I 11 



162 BHJILrEJILM'b TErKJIEFB. 

OHH 6hjih A*ficTBHTejiBHO rojiy6He, a 3aTfcMi> b^ab JIioTep-B 
AaBHo yacb ynep-b. HopasHTejiBHo 6'hjrb, fijiecTHiu'B h 6edi> 
MopmHST) 6ujvh ero Jioe-B, ho saxo cHJibHo pasBHTaa, JiHineH- 
eafl pacTHTejiBHOCTH hhxchah nacTb jiHi^a Cujia. HsCoposKAena 
rjiyCoKHMH CKJiaji;KaMH. 

no ^ipyryK) cTOpoHy ciojia, HaKJioHHBmHCb Ha^'b rojiy6ofi 
TeipaflKoia, CHA'feJia ero aohb AHHa. HepeA'B aTHftTb, Kor;ta ona 
CKaaajia OTiiy, hto ocxaBJiesHHa en Ha xosflfiCTBO A^HbrH yniJffl 
AO nocjiiAHflro n(|)eHHHra, ohi> HcnyraoHO OTKHHyjica na cbocm'b 
ciyjife H cnpocHJit, KaK-B 3To B03M0HCH0. Korjxa Hce Anna nepe- 
c^HTajia OMy Bci Majrbflmie pacxo^a, oh'b CKa3ajn> jramB: 

— Xta, 8T0 yatacHO, KaK-B jkhshb CTanoBHTca Bce flopoase. 
H a Mory Te6i noxBaciaiB liM'B-aKe. Moa notsAKa nporf^sejia 
nopaAOHHoe onycTomeHie b'b mobm'b KomejibKi. CJiaBa Bory, 
1T0 a, no KpaftHefl Mtpi, Mory 6htb yeixcAeH-B B'B tomt*, hto 
cA'feJiaji'B xoponiee jsfkjio. Ho Asa mapKHXi) na oAHOfi HeA*Jr6 

fl, OTKpOBCHHO TOBOpH, CHHTaH) HBJIHEIHIIM'B. 

— HsBHHHTe, noaajiyficTa, — B03pa3HJia AHHa, h^ckojibko 
yiiBBJieHHaa,— MH tJiH oahhI) tojibko pasx «apKoe. ^pyrofi 
paB^B jiHmB Bapenyro roBHAHHy. H to noroMy, hto y HacT> 
6HJia npaHKa. Th B'hjs.h, nana, caM-B 3HaemB, KaKaa ona Tpe- 
6oBa^ejibHaH. 

— Jl^a, Aa, Aa, a 3HaH). Ax'b,— cKaaajTB oh'b, cornyBniHCB h 
OHHTB rjiyfioKO B8AHxaa,— a ycTajTB. Ha 3to h ne MyApeno: 
Aajn>HflH no'&sARa, h no HonaMx eABa rjiaaa cMUKa,ji'B. KoPAa 
Mat xoTtjiocB cnaTB, mh* npHXOAHJiocb noAHHMaTbCH Ha Ka- 
aeApy h HHTaiB cbok) nponoBtAb. 

— KaicB TH TOJIBKO He nepeyTOMHJica! 

— 9to, BipoaTHo, H 6yAerB. Hero a tojibko ne BOBJioacHai) 
Ha ce6al Ho KOMy ate bccth 6opb6y ci> ruApoft? ^a, Te6'b xo- 
pomo, TH Moatemb cHAtTb AOMa h cMOTptTb aa co6oh). Axx, 
npHHecH MH* an^HK-B cb carapaMH. 

KoFAa AOHB noAajia eny carapy, oh'b nonpocHJiB ee pacna- 
KoBaTb npHBeaeHHua uwb hs'b notsAKH khhfh h AociajTB ms'b 
doKOBoro KapMana fipomropy, nojia KOTopofi oh'b bo speMa nre- 
Hia HcnempaJTB pasHUMH saMt^aniaMH, BpoA*: «Sic», „0!** 
„yBHl" H T. n. 

Anna 6Hjia xyAomasaa, ho Kp-fenKaa A^ByniKa, atrB TpHA- 
uaxH Cb He6ojiBniHMi>, ho MoaoHcaBaa, cb MnauM'B n H'tatHHM'B 
jiHUOM'B H npeKpacHHMH rycTHMH BoaocaMH. Ea raaaa noxoacH 
6HJIH Ha OTHiOBCKie, ho, TeMHoroayCue, 6oabmie, CBtranueca, 
OHH AtflcTBHTeabHO KasajiHCb OTpaaceHicM'B CHJiBHofit 6e8noKOH- 
Hoft AyniH. Ki) cosKaJiiHiK), hocb ona nacjitAOBaaa orB OAHofi 

TeTKH,— HOCB HOpHAO^HO AaHHHMM H npHTOMT) npCApaCHOaO- 

3KeHHHfl iCB KpacHOTt. 9tot'b hocb HO ToabKo nopiH^'B ea 
Jim;o, HO rposHJi'B HcnopTHib h ee caMoe. H6o H'bKOTopoe Bpena 



V 



r 



C B Jl A 3 H 'i>. 163 



Anna nocToaHHo ;^yMajia o cboom'b Hocb h, jihiub xojibKo ot- 
KpuBajia rjiasa, BHA'i^^a ero KpacHuft KOH^oeacB, hto dacrasjiflJiQ 
•ee aaAaBaxb ced-b BonpocB: hto MO»eTi> MOJiOAaa j^tBymKa a'^- 
jiaxB, HM'&fl noAo(3HUfi hocb? Ona HenaBUA'^a cany ce6ff, 6ujia 

HBAOBi^P'IHBa H Bpa^RA^^^Ha Kl) APyPHM'B U TAFOTHJiaCb HCHdHbK). 

OAHaRO, B'B OAHH'B npeKpacHU^ Achb oua npHnuia k'l codHaniK), 
^TO qejioBiKi> MoscerB CTaTB Bume KaKoro yroAHo 6ojn>nioro 

HOCa, H HTO »CHdHB 6oraTa I^'bHHOCTflMii H KpaCOTaMU, ROTOpHfl 

fie ocKop6jifliDTca bhaom^b KaKofi yroAHO napyacHocTH. 

nepBUfi TOJIHOKli K'L 3T0My HOfiOMy Mipoco3ep£(aHiK) 6hji'B 
AaH'B eiy co6cTBeHHO roBopa, otaom'b, xota h noMHMO ero bojih 
H B'i^oMa. • 

IlacTop'B ^HcrepRaMii'L bo BpeMH cbohxi> notaAOKi* nocToaHHO 
aoRynaJTB HOB'i^SmiH npoHSBOAeHiH JiHTepaTypn, B'B KOTopux'B 
OBii HCKaJii> oTHacTu npucymiett h&tb rpadH, othbcth ckputhx'b 
Vh fiHxi> HanaAoicB na CpaKi^. TfiepAHifB ero j6'h7Rjj,emewb h 
jiD^HirbMaie^ leuoA ero p'^qeiS, npHBOAHBmefi B'B TpeaerB h 
THtB'B ero cjiymaxejiefl, 6hjio Mfffeflie, ito cymeciByerB Cojib- 
maa HBTepnaiuoHaJiBHafi h, ROHeHHO, Tafiaafl JiHra jraiepaTo- 
poBi, KOTopHe nocTaBHJiH ce6t saAaiej^ padpymnTB 6paKB. 
Hioe-B 6htb B'B Kypch A*Jia, ohi b-b leneHie aeMHorax'B ji^tb 
<;ocTaBHJi'B ce6^ oneuB xopomyio 6H6jiioTeKy coBpeMeHHux'B Ei»- 
ue^pMTh H iiHOCTpaHHUx'B HHcaTejied, p'i^KyK) no CBoeft noji- 
Hork OAHaaPAH Akna Hd'B JuodonuTCTBa aarjianyjia B'B oAHy 
H8'B axHX'B KHHn» H HauiJia B'B Hefi coBci^Mi^ He TO, HTo rocno- 
AHH'B nacTop'B. CRopo oHa CTajia HMTaxb cHcxeMaTHHeeRH, h dxa 
:po6Rafl, CKpuBaBmaH sa pasM'j^peHHott fopaoctbk) cbod BHyxpeH- 
HDi) sH8Hb A'i^ByiflRa icajio-no-Majiy, nocji-b chjibhoK 6opB6u, 
eoBepmeHHo ocBo6oAHJiacB otb B'6pbi h Apyrnx'B bbtjihuowb 
€Boero oTua h cosAaJia c^6'h HOBoe coRpoBniue y^'i^Aenig h 
CBflTUHB, R'B ROTopuiTB npHBasajiacB CO cxpacTHoft npeAaH- 
HOGTBX) HHCTOfi, cflJiBHofi H oAHHORoft AyoiH. Ho, HanteAoin xa- 
RHMB odpasoM'B oyxB Hd'B FHexyiitaro OAHHonecxBa cBoefi npe«- 
aeft SH3HH BT» cxojiB 6oraxHft h RpacHBufi Mip'B, OHa Ha- 
y^HAacB 3a6uBaxB CBOtt HeAocxaxoR'B h Bcxymijia B'B hobuh .ox- 
HomeniH cb 0Rpy»aK)ni;HMH ee jik>abmh. 

OxHecHiH bt> fflRa(|)i> DMopHcxHHecRie «ypHajm h RHHrn cb 
AByciiHCJieHHHMH HadBaniAMH, ona HaM'J^peBaJiacb npocMoxp'&XB 
ocxajiBHBia pacnaROBaHHUfl RHorn, RaR'B BApyn B'B en ABepB 
nocTynaJiHCB. Ona oxRpujia ABepB h, BKBeA^ Mhmh Ha ABopx, 
a (|)pefiJieHHi^ ^lOMejinnrB nonpocHB'B B'B ROMHaxy, ona nosBaJia 
OTAa. 

' — Jla ejiarocJiOBHTTb BacB Bora,— CRaaaji'B oh-b, no«HMa« 
o6tHMH pyRaMH xyro cxaHyxyro nepnaxROfl npasyio pyRy cxa- 

pofi A^BH. — HXO AOCXaBJIHCTB MH'fc yAOBDJIBCTBie? HSBH- 

HHxe, HTO dA'i^cB en^e He Bce B'B nopaAK'6, ho a BepHyjicn hb'b 

11* 



164 BHJIBrEJILM'L FETEJIEFB. 

BepjisHa jmmB snepa no3AHO se^epoirb. Ax-b, moS ffpyrt, — 
npoflOJiatajTB owb cb 6ojibraefi «hboctbiO, na^H cb anryaiaa- 
MOJTb,— Bce-TEKH AOMCHBaemb Ao pa^^ocTefif TpexMro flna h ro- 
BopHJTB B-B BepjiHH* nepe^ rpoMaflHoft djiaroroBiftHofi ayjm- 
Topiefl: 6hjio, HaBipHoe, He Mefffee thm^h qejioBiicB, MyatHHffB 
H :ReBmflWb... 

— Hey«ejiH?— npepBajia ero (|)pefljrafl'B /troMejiHHFB, bhahmo 
nopaateHHaa caMHM'B upiHTHBiMB odpasoMB, Me^cAy TtirB RaicB 
ea sejieHHe rjiasa bjio bhiihthjihcb hb'b opCnrB.— 9to Mena 
oHeHB paflyerB, r. nacTopB! Bt. Moefi raaerfe CKaaano 6Haio> ^to 
Ha co6paHiH 6hjio aobojibho najio cjiymaTejieft... 

— Majio cjiymaTejiefl? 0, — BoapasHJi'B totb, bi» nepBuft mo- 
MenrB c6HTHft cb Tojncy. — H4rB... TaKB orandHTBca h ne Mory. 
BujiH, npaBAa, h cbo6oahhh Minora, ho.^ 

— KoneHHo, raaeTH Bpynb! 

— PasyMteTcal— noffTBepAHJi'B oh-b cb acapoMi) h hsjuio- 
hhjich Bceii BepxHefl HacTBH) cBoero rbjia. — Axb, moh Aoporaa 
(|)pefiJiefiH'B, ecjiH-di) bh SHajm, crojibro rpnan a bha'^tb b'b 
BepjiHHt! Crojibro HpaBCTBennofi HcnopneHHOGTHl Bh ce6t 
jiaae npeflcraBHTB ne MoateTe. 

— H He xoqy, ne xoqy!— BospaBHjia oHa cb atapoiTB.— 
^a-a-a... h aceaaio BaiiB npio6p'6cTB nopaAOHHpD MeTay, ecaa 
ateaaeTe ohhcthtb ROHK)mHK. H... h nopaAOHHHfi hocb. ^a... ho 
noHCMy BH nocToaHHO t^ere wb flpyria Micxa? PasBi bb^ TaM- 
MepniTaATi^ wbrh rpaan? 

— Peccatur intra mnros at extra. 9to SHaHHTB, h y nacB rpi- 
marB. Ho TaR-B MHoro — ^ntrB! To, tto BOSMoacno fb BepaHHt, 
TO y HacB, caasa Bory, HeBOSMoatHo. Si xony BaMi) noRaBaxb 
H'6cRoaBRO RaprnHB, BHCTasaeHHHX'B B'B BHTpHHaxB kara^H- 
HOBT> Ha canHxi) MHoroaiDAHHX'B yaHi][axB Bepaana, — roaua 

Ttaa CB TaRHMB 6e3CTHi^CTBOMl... 

— He xo^y BHfliTB! He xony BHAtTb! He yrpyatflafiie ce6a, 
r-H-B nacTop-B! 3anpHTe aynrae 3th fieacTHj^HHa RapTHHH bb 
mRa(j[)B, hto6b flo hhxb ho Moran ;^o6paTBca rt, ROMy ne ca*- 
;iyeTB hxb bha^^tb. H Boo6ii];e ne noHHMaio, saH'i^M'B bh BBeaa 

3T0TB rptXB BB CBOfl XpHCTiaHCRitt, HaCTOpCRift AOMB. 

— 9to— Maxepiaai). Ohb mh* HyaceHB, hto6h CyjxuTB co- 
BtcTB, hto6b BHymaTB aiOAaM-B naaMeHHHft rniBB... 

— Ho Mena yace noma^HTe cb BaniHMB MaTepiaaoM^Bl Mod 
coBtcTB BaM'B HCHero CyAHTB. H npHfflaa cro^a ne darbMi^, 
hto6h BHfffeTB em;e 6oa'6e CescTHAHHa BeniH. Mh* yoB flocTa- 
TO^Ho. HoBtpHTe an, t-hb nacTopTb, cHHTaeie an B03MoacHHMB, 
hto6h... h^tb, mh4 CTaHOBHTca ffypHo npn oOTOft MHcan o tom*b, 
HTo AeHB H HOHB nepe^^ mohmh oRHaMH 3Ta roaaa acenn^Ha..^ 

~ Hto?— cnpocHa-B nacTop-B flHCTepRaMH-B, otb crpaxa h*^ 

€R0aBR0 paCRptlBB pOTB. — KtO CTOHTB HepeA'B BantHM'B ORHOMB? 



ir^^ 



G0BJ[A8H'B. 165 



— H 6H TaiURe OT^aCTH BHHOBaTU Bli dTOMl). Bu 6u Jiy?- 

me 3a6oTHJiHci> o rowb, ^ro npoHcxoAHTB Vh samefl o6mHH'&, 

BlliCTO TOrO, HT06'B tSAHTB Wb JipjTiSl Mi^CTa HHTaTb npoHo- 

shm HI nojiyiiycTKXi> saJiax'B. TenepB bote y HacB OHa... wa 
rojzafl aenmEHa, axa BonjioiueHHafl ^yBCTBeHHocTBl 

— ^a HTO BH, jra)6e3Haa ^peftJiefiHt, xoTHre, coficTBenHO, 
<5Ka3aTb? 

— IlaMflTHHR'B nepeA'B MOmfB ORHOlfB. UOBUft ^OHTaHOb, RO- 
TOpuft TOJIBRO HTO OTRpUJIH. 

— KOTOpHft noCTpOHJTB MOft 8HTL? 

— /la, rocnoffHH'L ROMMepiuH cob^thhr'b Bpooxi noaepTBo 
Baat ero. Oht> mofb 6h noeTHAHTBCA. H r-^a ropoflCRie rjiac- 
HHe TaRse. TaMi* HaBepxy chahtb rojiaa (j[)Hrypa laRi 6e3- 
cmjsMo H flepBRO... Moefl brohomr* nyiBe B*pHO noOTRaaajio — 
tforHHA peBOjnoiiiH, cjiobho »ejia]0iD;aji cRasaTb: a cseprHyjia 
Cora CT> rpoHa, h TenepB saMtmaio ero a. 

JliHcrepRaMiTB HcnycTHjn> rjiy6oRift BdAox'B, onycTHa'B cjio- 
aceHHHa pyRH MeaicAy ROJi'i^HaMH h pacTepaHHO cmotp&tb na 
cboh sejieHua Ty^jiH. 

HaROHem», owb noAHaJica. 

— Moa jn(>6e8Haa (j[)peaaefiH'B, bh He noB'i^pHTe, CRoabRO 
ropa nocraBHJTB ws.'i npoeRTB dToro naKaTmuca! Hero xorluin 
Aaa HoBaro pBiHRa, mh, He ToabRO a, ho, hsut^dcb, h aynmaa 
HacTB HaoiHX'B rpasAaHi>,— BU anaeTe caifH. 8to, a'^^Actbu- 
TeaBHO, 6Hao 611I npeRpacHuifb CBKA'^TejiBCTBOM'b uapcTByDntaro 
vb HameM'L ropo;r& xpncTiaHCRaro Ayxa. H botb, a yanajTb 
npo ^oHxaHx. J^'bao, oneBHAHo, Beaocb Vb raydonaflnieft xaftnli, 
a a caMi) yMHmaeHHo Aepsaaca B^ajiH otb axoro A'^^a. A xe- 
nepB OTRpBixo BBicxyiiHTb npoTHB'b? Moasexe an bu xpefioBaxb, 
^To6u a A'i^cxBOBaax npoxHB'B CBoero mtaI 

Tyvh 4)peftaeftffB JtDMeaHHT'b xaR^ c«aaa ry6H, hxo iieaRAy 
aocoifb H BucxynaK>ni;HM7> BnepeA'B noA6opoAROMi» o6pa30BaaocB 
aHmB He6oabinoe pascxoanie. 

— J^a, r-ffB nacxopi... ROHeqHo.- ecan bu xaR-B noHHHaexe 

3T0... 

Ona BucoRO noffHaaa nae'^u h onycxHaa na HHX'b roaoBy. 

— EcaH npH BH6op* Meatfly rocnQAOMi> BoroM'b h saxeMx 
BU npeAnoHHxaexe r-na ROMMepi^H coB'ixHHRa Bpooxa... 

— 0, oTh 3Xoro a AaaeR-b! 

naCTOprb BCROHHaX B'B CHaBHOM'B rH'^B'J^. 

— Bu... a He coBciM'B acHO Bupasnaca. H Cyay, ro- 
aeHHo... 

PacxepaHHBifl n cepAHXuft, oh-b aaconia'B, npn ^ewh no 
spHBUHR^ xep-b raaARO Bufipnxue yrau pxa, h 3axi^M7» cfcrB 
onaxb. 

— AxT), Moa Aoporaa (j[)peHaeaH'B, BipbTe mh*, Mucab 



166 BHJIBrEJILMl> FEFEJIBl'Ti. 

(|)OHTaii* He HCXOAHTt OTB MOCrO SHTSl B^B BTOM'B BHHOBaTa» 

.TiHmii ero atena! Ckojibko oropnemft AOCTaBHJnbMHt axorB CpaiTB! 
KaK^ jj OTTOBapHBaji'B ero! Ho Bce 6hjio naopacHo! Oh'b TOJibKo- 
eme fio.ibme oTflajiHJic^ otb MeHH. Mnt aajiKO Jinnib pe6eHKa^ 
CtjiHaro, HeBHHHaro 9pHCTa. 

— He Chjtb jih OTeit^B aToft AaMH xyfloatHHicB? 

— J^a, xyflOMCHHK'B. a He BHflaji'B ero KapTHH-B. Oh*, Ka- 
aceTca, ne aaKjironaiorb bb ce6'fe HHnero, hto nonnpajio 6u 

HpEBCTBeHHOCTB. JJfi CHXI* HOpt, BBflHTO JIH, fl eme nOTOep^KH- 

BBJi-b, no Kpaflneft M^pt, flJiH BHj^y Hama OTHomenia hckjiio- 
TejiBHO paAH 9pHCTa, hto6h HwATb ero nofli cbohm-b npncMOT- 
poM-B* H TaKHM-b o6pa30M'b Mory BpeMH orb BpeMeHH npoTHBO- 

HtuCTBOBaTb HOBHMl) BJliHHlHM'b H CHOCOCCTBOBaTb TOMy, HT06b 

Bii ero jiyurk npo^ojiaajia »CHTb naMSTb o MaiepH. A to- 
nepb.,. HeyacejiH 3to jioji^rko cjiyqHTbca? CKaHcnre, jiroCesHaji 
(IjpefijieflHTb, Hey»cejiH 3Ta ^^nrypa, ^McTBHTeJibHo, TaKX yaacna? 

— lie 3HaK), iipaBO, v-wh iiacTop'b, bobmohcho, hto xenepb 
Ha rojinxi »ceHin;HH'b cmotphtx ;^pyrHMH rjiaaaMH. 

— OHa, flMcTBHTejibHO, coBepmeHHO rojian? 

— Ha oAeajiy whrb h naMeKa. 

— HsKaKofi ojiesRjml ^aae noKpHBajia na Cejipaxi)? 

— He MoateTe ace bh xpeCoBaTb orb Menn, 'iToO'b a 9Ty 
OTBpaTHTejibHyK) (|)Hrypy ocMoxp'fejia no;ipo6HO. Bo bchkoitb 
cjiy^at My»cKifl ^arypH BHHsy coBepmeHHO rojitia. 

— AxB, CnacHTejib!— cKaaajTb UncTepKaMirb, onycTHB^ ro- 
aoBy na npaByro pyKy. — Hy, ^eMy TOJibKO He nayHHTb ero 3Ta 
menmnfial 3to, A'feltcTBHTejibHO, 6e3o6pa8HOI - eopMOxajiB owh. 

$peHJiefiH'b /];K)MejiHnrB, KOTopofl, Kaaajiocb, ne oco6eHHo 
HpaBUJTacb 3Ta Hep'bmHTejiBHOCTb nacTopa, 3HeprHHH0 6apa6a- 
HMJia yKasaTeJibHHM'b najibitOMX no Kpaio CTOJia. 

— /i oflHO xony BaMB CKaaaxb: ecjiH 3Torb ^oHTaH-b aj^'bcb 
ociaHeTCJi, Mena bb FaMMeprnTeOTi ;^0Jibme ne 6yjierb... 
y MeHfl HtTB HHKaKoro Mcejiania Ha CTapocTH Jiirb nepenocHTb 
TEKOfl cpaM-b. Hjih a, hjih Ta ateHmnna, 3Ta... BonjiomenHaa 

^BCTBeHHOCTb! 

KaaaJTOCb, hto oHa irpaMO BJiK)6HJiacb bb 3TH nocjiiAHia 
cJioBa. Ona Kaac^iufl paaB H'fecKOJibKO ocTanaBJinBajiacb nepe/^b 

HHMH M npOHBHOCHJia HX^ SarfeM'b Cb H'bKOTOpHM'b 6e3CTH;i- 

HHM-b HacJiWKflenieM'b. 

— II caMi) nocMOTpK) Ha 3to npoHSBeAenie. Ecjih oho, ji'bH- 
cTBiixe^TibHO, TaKB HenpHjiHHHO, a nocTynjiio, KaKB noBeji'feBaerb 
coB'IcTb. HycTb He roBopHTB saT'bM'b, 6yAT0 a ne fl'fejiaji'b Bcero, 
^tq6h yfiepeHb cboh) o6mHny orb cofijiaana. 

— H (5h npeOToacHjia BaMB ceftnacb Mce nocMOTpfeb (j^oH- 
TaHT>. CaMoe Jiynmee, nofiA^MTC ko MHfi. Ho aHinb ^epesTb HacT»>. 
ecJiM Mo^HO^ H eme ne CMejia dhjih: 



r 



C0BJIA8H'B. 167 

IXpoBOAHBt CBOJO rocTbH) jsfi BHxojiHofi jiBcpH, owh nomejTB 
Ha KyxHK) H nonpocHJi'B ;^0Hb ceftnacrB ae npHroTOBHTb BTopoft 
saBTpaRi). 

B^B CTOJioBofi ero oxBaTHJio nenpiaTHoe «iyBCTBO, h oh^b cxaJi'B 
ponraTfc, ecjm He HenocpeACTBeHHo na Bora, to, no RpaftHett 
irfepi, Ha MipoBoft nopaAoicB. ^HtrB", ayMajTB offB, nStAB aio 
xe ji*HCTBHTejibHO nowo: KaaflHfl paa-B, KorAa BOBBpamaembca 
H8i notBflKH, Te6a MCflyrB noMa oahh jiHmb oropqeHiH. Hto 
TOJibKO AyMaerb aia Mcenmnna? He Mory ae h nonpociy npn- 
KaaaTb FepMaey (TaKi sBajiH ero 8iiM) paapymzTb btotb ^on- 
tzwh... Ho ecjiH OHa, A*flCTBBTejibHO, TaKX 6e8CTHAHa? rM'b, 
Toraa fl nojiaeHT> bto cA*JiaTbI.. H hto Moaerb npoHBOflTH hbi 
Bcero BToro? 

Me»Ay rtii'b, Anna npHHecJia ^aniKy 6yjiB0Ha h noAaa- 
peHHHfi xji'66eu'B cb tohko Hap'bBaHHOtt BeTHHHofl. Bbhb'b 6yjib- 
owb H noHioxaBmH ero, owb cnpocnJii>: 

— Hflixo cB-haee? 

— H HHHero He saM^THJia. 

Offb nonpoCoBaJTB tjiotoktb h cb oTHaanieM'B bi* rojioc* 
CKadaJii): 

— Ko&eHHO, Tyxjioe, 

OH'B XOTfejI'b BCDHJIHTb, HO BM^CTO 3T0r0 BeCb COFHyJICH, 

AyMaa npn axoM'b: „THme, XHrae! Hyaao noKopnTbca. Bee 9To 
HcnHTaHifl, HHcnocujiaeMHa BoroM'b". 

BuJio neacHO, hto oh-b HM'bjrb npn 8T0M'b b'B BHAy: thh- 

.lOe JIH aflaO, HJIH BOBMOaHHft K0H(J)JIHKT'B CTi saXeM-B. 



III. 

HeAOJiro cnycxa nocji* noJiyAHa no yjiHut EBanrejinHecKoa 
AepKBH mjiH ^exHpe iiajibHHKa B'B 6ojn>inHX'B sejieHHX'B niJia- 
naxi. Cxapmlft hbi nnxi* 6um> AOJiroBasHfi TaBepKaMm*, pa- 
durpuBaBmi^ ua-b ce6a Baanaro 6apHHa h npHHi^HaiaJibHO He 
HOCHBinifl yneCHHKOB'b. 3aT0 ero MajieHbKift cocSa'b, KOxopHft 

CBOHUH paXHTHHHHMH HOraMH 60JIbffle. UOAnpHFHBaJI'b H noA- 

CRaKHBajix, HtM'b maraji'b, Tan;Hjn> orpoMHyio cBasKy KenrB, 
TaK-B KaKT), KpoMt HaAJieaamHXTb yqeCHHKOs'B, OH'B cynyji-B 
eme vb CBOK) CBasKy ABa oC'BeMHcxMX'B xoMa Hcxopin. 9to Shjtb 
OpHm» ^owb JIioHe, CHH-b KaBaJiepiftcKaro o(|)Huepa, xyA0^^a- 

BUd MaJIBHHR'B CB ySKHMl), HeiipaBHJIbHHM'b, HO CHMnaXHHHUM'B 

JiHi^oM'B, CB^xjiMMH rjiasaMH H Ao cMtmHoro 6ojibniHMH ymaiiH. 
TaKT) KaK'b oxeix-B ero 6hji'b baobuom'b,xo oH'Banji'B yy^HxeJia 
rHMHa3iH,npo<J)eccopaMapxHHH. Tpexift mbjibhhk'b OhjiI) 3pHCXT> 
Bpoox-B, CHH-B KOMMepAiH coBtxHHKa oxB HepBaTo 6paKa. Ha ero 

BHCOKOM-B Jl6y, nOA'b BblOIHiHMHCa KamxaHOBHMH BOJIOCaMH, 



168 



BHJIbFMBU'B r£r£JIEi>%. 



1 



eircnanaBniHMH us'B-noji'b injiann, jieacajia KaKan-To cBoeo6pa3- 
HEH CTporaa h HepBHaa qepiOHKa, a bI) rjiaeaxi), oTrSHeHHHX'b 
;tyraMi[ cpociuHXCH 6poBefl, roptjii) dohth (J)aHaTHHecKifl[ oro- 
neKTb. Oh-l Chji-b chjibho B036y»fleH'b. MeiBepTHfi, Bce BpeMH 
OTCTaBaBmifl Ha nojimara, co ciepiUHMCH paHAeM'b na inapo- 
Koft cnHHi, 6ujvh ABrycTB IIIjiexTeHflajib, chhT) nopTHoro h 
naTiiMHbiK Apyrx 9pHCTa Bpooxa. 9to 6ujij> MajiLnHRt HeB-fc- 
poflTiio AofipoffymHHll h npeaaHHHft flpyry h yace H'fecKOJibKO 
CKJioHHbrfl nojiHtib, hto npn ero xtcHo oejieraBuiExt rfejio 
mxaHas^b h KypTKt BHSHBaJio y yHHiejiefi h TOBapameS co6- 
jiaae-L HtcKOJibKo nomHnaxb, noTOJiKaxb hjih, no KpafiHefiM'bp'b, 
Mjamo noxjionaTb ero nyxjiyio (|)HrypKy. 

Oh-l ciapajiM hath Hora B'b Hory cb ociajibHHMH h npH- 
CJiyniuBajic^a Kb ropHqeMy cnopy npiaiejiefi. Pt^b mjia oGii 
OTEomeHiH yqaiejin MaieMaTHKH Kt o^OMy HS'b HX'b TOBapn- 
meu. Kapji-b raBepKaMaii, noABepraa 9Torb cjiyqafi MopajibHOft 
outuKt, ynoTpeCjiajii* xaKia BHpameHia, KaR'b .cosepineHHo 
HeKoppeKTHo*', „a6cojiK)THo He6jiaropoAHo", uemjiy rhwb KaKX 

OpUltb ^OWh JIlOHe, fipOCJaB'b HtCKOJIbKO Kp'fenKHX'b CJIOBeneK'Bj, 
BpOA'fe „CKOTHHa", „HH3Kifi HeJIOBiKTb", B^pyrb AOCpOAyHIHO 

CKasajiij B'b onpaBAanie yHHiejia: 

— /la OH'b, Moacerb, h ne AyMajix HH^ero ^ypnoro. 

9pHCTT> BpOOX'b OTKHHyjI-b TOJIOBy HaSaA'b, TaK'b qXO Ka^HK'b 

ero ptBKO BHCTynHJi-b MOMCAy KpaaMH BopoTHHKa, u B3ajn> Ha 
ceOa saimiTy y^HTCJia MaxeMaraKH, Koxoparo OH'b, BnponeM'b, 
HeHaBti^iJi'b: 

— H 6h xaKxce ne flajiTb ce6a MopoHHXb. EcJiH-6'b kxo-hh- 
Cyjit TaK'b Harjio Bpajiii mh* bx rjiaaa, mh* Chjio 6h Bcenn- 
noqeMii, KaK-B xh AyMaemb, ABrycTb? — npHfiaBHJi'b OH'b, no 
ofitiKHOBeHiK), o6pani;aacb ki> cBoeMy Apyry. 

II, KaR'b Bcer^a, xox'b oxB-feTHJUi AoCpoAymao h Ba^yM- 

^HBO: 

— JI,a,.. a xo3Ke tb.k'b AyMaio. 

TaKii cnopHJiH ohh, KaR'b BspocjiHe, KaR'b Bffpyrb y koh- 
AHTepcKolt Baxre HX'b BHHManie 6hjio na H'fecKOJibKO MHHyrb 
npHBJie^eflo rnraHxcKHM'b moKOJiaAHHM'b BcaAHHKOM'b h yKpa- 
meaiHMn HS-b caxapy h MapuHaanoB'b. EepoA'b ABepbro cBoero 
MaraattHa cxoaji-b B'B C'fejiOM'b nepeAHHK'6 caM'b rocnoAHH'b 
Baxre, poaoBoe, 6e36opoAoe JIH^o Koxoparo 6hjio caMa cjia- 
flocTB^ caMo HejioBiKOJiioCie h caMa B'bpa b'b Bora. 

F-H'b KOHAHxep'B Baxre Chji-b ^ejioB'feKOM'b Ha6o3KHMM'b. B'b 
3aAHe& KOMHax'fe ero Mara3HHa na^B AHBanoM'b, KaR'b padB 
npoTHBi> me-iH Me^cAy nopxbepaMH, BHcfejio HBpe^eHie: „Sl h 
AOMX Mot cjiy^cax-b TocnoAy''. 3a 9X0 OH'b neK-b AJia BC'hx'b 
xopomirx'b h nafiomHHX'b rpaatAan'B TaMMepmxeAxa napoHCHHa 
H TopxH u nojiy^aji'b Bcb aaKaBH na npaBAHHHHHa h po5K- 



r 



COBJIASH'L. 169 

AecTBeHCRia noAHomeHifl ot'b bcj^x'b xpncTiaHCKHX'B $epeu- 

HOB'b. 

FocnojiHHi BaTre BHrnejii HeMHoro nojiumaTB cwhrnnLu^h 

BOBJiyXOM'B £[ Cb CHHCXOAHTeJIBHUM'B JIX)6onHTCTBOM'I> FJI^A'^'B 

Ha dasapHyi) tojirothk). 

Ho Kor^a cpenH MajibHHROB'B, cMOTp'ibBniHX'B Ha BHipHHy, 
OBI* ysHajTB H dpHCTa Bpooxa, jihixo ero BApyri» BupasHJio 
HecRasaHHoe npesp'J^Hie h ocKop6jieHHoe ;[(Octohhctbo. Ohi> no- 
cn'bniHo cKpujiCA B-h ABepflxi) MarastiHa h cTaJi'B y MpaMop- 
Haro npnjiaBRa, ea RoropoMi icpacoBajiocB MHonecTBO tojibko 
HTo BUHyTUX'B H3i> ncHU TopTOB'B. BejiEHafimee HacJiasAenie 
BjiHxaTb dTOTB Banax'B CBixcaro sepeBeHCKaro Macjka, He npaB^a 
JIB? Owh CpoQHJi'B BonpoinaK)nufi bbfjijia'b Ha KpacHOHieRyH) 
npoi^aBmnoy, tohho h ona AOJi^RHa 6KJia 6uTb onBHHeHa ^rawb 
aanaxoMX. 

— ^a, i>3Ka ROMJiepi^iH coBiTHHi^a, kto ocirijiHTca CRaaaiB 
HHt vh rjiaaa, hto moh TopTu naxHyrB MaprapHHOMi», totb no 
npocTy BpeTbl — nyu2Ljii> ohtb. 

9toti> ynpeR-B, HeaaflOJiro nepeA'B rfeMb CpomeHHHft eny 
MaTepbK) 3pHCTa, BUSUBajrb bi> Hen'B neBupasHMoe pa3Apa«e- 
Hie. HeCMOTpa, oAHaRo, na ero 6jiaropoAHoe HeroAOBanie, r-«a 
Epoox'B ynjiaTHJia no cneTy h cb rtx'B nopt cTajia Bce saRa- 
dUBaTB y ero ROHRyppenra, — RaR^B 6yOTo xoTb He ynoxpeSjiHJi'B 
MaprapHHy. 

r-HT> Baire, tojibro ^rro yctoniificH na BHcoRoe ROKanoe 
RpecJio y KaccH, capRacTHqecRH noTnpajTB cboh pyRH... Kom- 
MHBOASep'B MaprapHHOBofi (|)a6pHRH OTRpuJib eny, hto JipyroA 
ropoACRofl ROHAHTepi ero JiyHmift RJiienib, a OHb, Baire, 
CTOHTb JiHnib na BTopoMT> njiant... Boofinie, hto npeffcraBJiaerB 
<5o6ojo Bce 3T0 oTBpanxenie rt* MaprapHHy, ecJiH He rjiynoe npe- 
flyCtatfleniel Bi> o6nteirb ROHAHxepx 6ujn> HenoBiRb cxporo 

ROHCepBaXHBHKX'B BSFJIHAOBX, HO Bl» JldiBEOWb nyHRT^ OH'B 

TBep;^o cTOHJi'B 8a npocBtn^enie h 6opojica npoTHBb Bpe^Haro 
<5yeB*pia. 

Meai^y rbM'B, MaJibHURH saMtTHJiH RnmaniyK) Ha puHRt 
TOJiny. 

— Bfi, TOJicTHRTb, 'rro xaMb xaRoe?— CRaaajTb <I)pHU'B ABry- 
cry niJiexxeHAajiD. — XlocMoxpHMX-Ra! 

H OHb 6HCxpHMH npuacRaMH 6pocHJiCH BnepejTB. Ocxajib- 
fiue xaRse 8a6uJiH h CBofi AHcnyxb, h moROJiaAHaro Bca^HHRa 
H 6pocHJiHCB 6']^saTb BCJvhji'h sa HHMb. Bb axoxb MOMenxb 
OAHH'b pa6oHift oxRpuAb ABepb Bb saCop*]^. Ohh 3a6paJiHCb 

BHyxpb H Cb JIK)6oaHXCTBOMb yCXaBHJIHCb Ha (J)0HXaHb, ROXO- 

pufi ocjitnHTejibHo apRo fijiecxtjib na cojiHAt. IlepBoe HXb 
HyBcxBO 6hjio — noJiHoe paaoHapoBaHie. 3a ^onjiaxHMb 3a6o- 
poMb, noAb BucoRHMH ji'bcaMH, Cb Roxopuxb cnycRajiHCb en^e 



170 BUJLhTESbUTb rEFEJIEPl. 

acejiisHHfl uina noiiT>eMHaro Kpasa, ohh nsLjxksijmch yaptrb. 
HtHTO 6ojrfee BHymHTeJibHoe h Momnoe, h^m-l 3Ta noOTHMaK)- 
n^a^cH HBT* fiaccetaa He coBctM'B-To ecTecTBeHHan CKajia, na 
ROTopod BHAH'fajiHCB jiHinb HeTHpe rojiuxi» MEJiBHHKa (KOTopne 
3j[opoBo J10J13RUU 6uJiR ^o^apa^aTB ceet KOJitHH, KaK-B Ay- 
Majii) Opnui) (()OH^-<JI]DHe), a na^'B hhmet xceHCKaa <|)iirypa. 
nocJi'^AHHA o6paiiiajia Ha ce6H ex-b BHHMame, ho, TaR'B KaK'K 
OHH He npHBHiuiH Hacjia»cAaTBCA npoH8BeAeHiHMH CRyjiBorypH, 
TO oHa npoHSBOAHJia na uuTh Bne^axji'j^Hte ne nojinaro sh3hh 
rbjia, BHcineHHaro h3i Mpanopa, a nero-To ^«Aaro, sacTHB- 
maro h cRyHHaro. KpaftHe CMynteHHHe h, Kh TOMy ate, ocjitn- 
JieHHHe JiynaMH cojiHua, ohh aRMypajiHCB nacTaTyro h TmexHO 
cnpaniHBajiH ce6a, hto Tyri* RpacHBaro? Tojibro. aoJiroBHSHft 
FaBepRaMiTB nepes-B niROTopoe BpeMa oinycTHJiB rpyCoBaTyiD 

OCTpOTy. 

— Th CBHHBH! — BOSpaSHJI'B OpHA'B. 

Ohh eni[e npoAOJiacajiH ctoatb, RaRi) noda^H bsjli> hoabejich 
RaKofi-TO CTapHR'B CB ;^JIHHHofi, 6'hjioii, y noflCopoARa h Hoca 

OTJIHBaBmeil; ROpHnneBaTHBTB ItB'^TOM'B 6opOAOS, H CB »HB0CTBI0 

cnpocHJi'B hx'b: 

— /ItTH, RaR-B bh cK)fla nonajiH? ^a Boo6me, aaniM-B bh 
sjafbcb? 3ApaBCTByftTe, t-h-b BioprejiB, HSBHHHTe, hto h TaR'B 

BOpBEJICH, ho si yBH^^'fajTB, RaR'B MOH JOEHfiL BaJT^dJIH GCO^^a. 
PaBB* MOMCHO CMOTpiTB JXO OTKpHliH (J)OHTaHa? 

CRyjiBHTop'B, RopeHacTHfi H He CTapHil e^^e nejioBtR-B cb 
CBepKaroniHMH o^RaMH na RopoTROM'B Hocy, HcnycTHJi-B Hsx-sa 
Hepnaro Jitca cBoefl rycTofi fiopoj^H KaRoe-TO HenoHaiHoe, ho, 
noBHAHMOMy, ;ipy«ejiH)6Hoe BopnaHbe. 

— Hy, MajiBHHRH, ecJiH t-h'b BioprejiB TaR'B nmCesewb, to 

BH MOaceTe CMOTp-feTB Ha (|)OHTaH'B. 9Ta BAiCB, — CTapHR'B nofl- 

Haji-B CBOH) najiRy,— B'B cboomb po^t TaR'B ate RpacHBa, RaR'B 

H 6K)CTU B'B HameM'B aRTOBOM'B saji'b. 

MajiBHHRH, CB noHTenieM-B cHaBmie injiflnH nepeAi* cbohm'b 
yHHTejieM-B, cto^jih HtcROJibRO cMyn;eHHHe, ne anaH, na ^to 
P'feniHTBCii: ocTaTbca hjih yjiHsnyTB. Ho Opni^'B (JoH'B-JIioHe 
QBLjiaji-b jiepsRiH Bonpocb: 

— 3to, B'fepHo, HHM(|)a, r-H'B npo^eccop-B? 

— EcJiH OTB 3Toro ^Hpypa cTaHOBHTca Tefi* Cojrfee noHar- 
Hofi, TO nycTb 3T0 fiyfleT'B HHM(|)a, chiwb Moft. Ha caMOM'b ate 
A'iJi'fe, 3T0 He HTo HHoe, KaR'b RpacHBaa fltBHHba (|)Hrypa, ctojib 
ate ^HCTaa h npeRpacaaa, RaR'B npoapannaa Bo^a, ROTopaa 
CRopo noTeneTB BA^cb. Ho bh AOJiatHH nooMOTptTb na (|)oh- 

TaH-B BT> U'fejIOM'B. 

TyT'B yqeHHfi MyafB npoHOJi'b He6ojiBinyK) jieRairo, npn 

HeM-B BOAHJI'b MaJIBHHROB'B TO Ty^a, TO CK)Aa. OhH BHHMaTeJIBHO 

npHCJiyniHBajiHCb r'b ero cjiosaM-B HHa cbohx-b JiHi^ax'B ctapa- 



r 



C B J[ A 8 H 'b. 171 

JIHCB BHpasHTb coBHaiejibHoe yj^HBJieHie. O^HaKO, cjioBa era 

OCTaJIHCb ^JIH HHX'B MaJIO nOHHTHUMH. KOPAa ne OHH ycjiu- 

xajm, HTO Ha rapMOHiH coopyaceHin ohh MoryTi> HayiHTB aa- 
ROHH aojioToro c^HeHiH^ iiXT> oxBaTHJia JierRafl ;[ipo»cb. 

HaKOHea'b, y^HTejib onaib oOpathjich k'b cKyjibniopy, ko- 

TOpnft B'h 3T0 BpeMH HaABHHyJI'b CBOK) lUJIADy Ha SaTHJIOK'b H 

OTHpaJiTb 0664 ^o6'h. 

— IIocJiymaflTe, r. Broprejib mh* HnrepecHO 6ujio 6h SHaib, 
H6 HaxoAHJiHCb JiH BU uojxTb BJiiHHieM'b FoMepa, codHAaa cboio 
HyAecHyK) A'feBHHbJo (|)Hrypy? 

— ToMepa? 

— /la, BH BtAb anaexe, hto hmchho offb baoxhobjmji'b 
ApeBHHx-B Baaiejieft.— 3eBKCHca npH cosAaHiH EjieHH h <I>h- 
nifl npH codHAaniH 3eBca. 6h noMHHTe B^Ab dHaMennToe 

M^CTO... 

— SI, Kb coacajitniro, Boo6in;e He BHaro ToMepa, r-H'b npo- 
(|)eccop'b, — BoapaaHJi-b cKyjibiiTop'B cb HtKoxopHM'b cMyme- 
HieM-b. — H BiAb peajiHCTb. 

SaMtxHBb nojiHoe HdyMJienie Ha jmufk cxapEKa, OH'b npH- 
6B,Bnjrh: 

— Ho MH* BcerAa xorfejiocb nponecTB ero. 51 y»'B AaBHO 
co6HpaK)cb axo cAtJiaib. 

— HejiOB'feK'b BH 9TaKifl!— CKasaji'b npo^eccop'b MapTHHH:— 
BH He BHaexe Tonepa? IIpHXOAHXca aaBHAOBaxb BaM^. BaM-b eme 
npeACXOHXT> orpoMH*flmee HacJia«AeHie. KorAa noAyMaio, hxo 
a Morb 6h eme paaib cBijKo BocnpHHaxb axoxTb Mip-b Kpa- 
coxHl Ho npoHXHxe ero! /lame bi> nepeBOAt oh-b npoHBseAex'b 
Ha Bacb saiiiHaxejibHoe Bue^axJitHie. Hxo? Bh, BHa^HX'b, o 
ToMept coBepmeHHO He AynajiH? Hy, ny, Mena axo, aMcxbh- 
xejibHo, yAHBJiaex^. 

OH'b npoAOJiaaji'b cxoaxb ntcKOJibKO pacxepanno, KaK'b 
BApyrb OAHH-b paCoHlfi Bsaji'b ero aa pynaB-b h cKaaaji'b eMy, 
Hxo 6Hao 6m xopomo, ecJiH 6h oh-b HtcKOJibKO oxoABHHyjica. 
OH'b nonpomajica, o64^^aB'b npn axoM-b cKyjibnxypy npHHecxH 
B-b 6jiH«aflmee BOCKpecenbe nepoBOA'b Oocca. 

MajibHHKH xaKHce npoAOJiacajiH cboh nyxb. KorAa aojipo- 
BaaHfi TaBepKaMH'b, npoflAa Cb hhmh BM-fecxi H-hcKOJibKO ma- 
roBT), nonpomajica, y nnx-b nanajica oaKHBJieHHHfi pasroBop'b. 

— IlycTb ceC'fe MapxHHH roBopHx-b, hxo eMy yroAHO, ho 
Mat fioabffle Hpanaxca KapxHHH, — HaHajii) Opau'b ^owb- 
JIiOHe. 

— Ho xpyAH'fee wkjib Baanie,— BHCKasaji-b CBoe MHtnie Ab- 
rycrb. — Cxohxt> xojibko CA^Jiaxb oahhT) HeB-fepHKH yAap'b, ii 
Bca (|)Hrypa K'b Hopxy. 

— B'b Haoxoanj;ee BpeMa CKyjibaxop-b caM-b He BHciKaexT>- 
^Jia axoro cyntecxByei'b Mamnna,— nacxaBJiaji'b ero SpHCXb. 



1 



172 BHJIbrEJIBM'b TSTEMEn. 

— HtO?— KpHKHyjl-L OpHI^t. — Th Cb JUB, COmeJTB? OffB 

caM^ He BHCtKaeTB? Hto srq obi> A-fejiaerb? 

— Ohx A'fejiaei'b MOAejib. 

— EpyH^a! 9to To«e HCKyccTBO? 

— XoneniB napn? 

— Ha HTo? 

— Ha AecflTL naimpocB! 

— Hflerb. Bnpo^eM^,— o6paTHJica BpHcrt nocJit KopoTKaro 
pasAyMb^,— a BOo6me ne Mory 6HTbca o6t> saiuiaffb. fl 8T# 
cJOimajTB 3a ctojiom'b otb canoro r-na BroprejM. Ho mu ce- 
roAHa nocjii oe-feAa hocmotphm'b b'b HameM'B 8Hu;HKJioneHH- 
HecKOM^ cjioBapt. 

— EcJiH 3T0 TaK'B,— CKa3ajn> OpH^'L, — TO a CKyjEbniypy ne 

CHHTaH) HCKyCCTBOM'B. JlyHHie ya-B CMOXptTb KapTHHH y 

KepKCHra, 

H OHH HanpaBHJiHCL K'B coc^AHeMy KHHaHOMy H xyflo- 
acecTBOHHOMy MaraaHHy, rflt Chjih BHCTaBJieHH anrjiiflcKie 
3CTaMnH, u3o6paaaK)I^ie ci;eHH cnopra. 

— HopTL B03bMH!— KpHKHyJTb OpH^'I>, B'b BOCXHlHeHiH HOHr 

npHPHBaa ct oahoS hofh na Apyryro. — IIocMOTpHTe-Ka steeple- 
chasse! KaRi^ HapHcoBasH «epe6i^H! A TaMT* ynajia Ko6ujia! 
€motph, ABrycTB, 3TOHHCTOKpoBHaa anrjiificKaa nopoAa, 9to 
Mo«Ho cefi^acB ysnaTb. Hy, nocMOTpa tojibko, KaK-b napnco- 

BaHH rB03AH B^ nOAKOBaXT*! 9tO B^Ab h4hT0 COBCtM'b He TO, 

^n'o 3TH CKyHHua $HrypH! 



lY. 

, npo(J)eccopi> MapTHHH B3o6pajica, MeatAy t^m-b, ho KpyTOH 
yjiHui, BeAymeft k-b ropoACKOMy napKy, pacnoaomeHHOMy na 
OKpecTHHX'B ropaxT). SsAyMqHBO cTjrnaa BnepeATb, oht* na 
KajRAOifb mary yAapaai) no ac({)ajibTy aea'bsHHM^ HaRonen* 
HHR0Mi> cBoefi naaKH. 

— Twh, — AyMaji'b OHT> npo ce6a, — Tonepa, snaHHTb, ou^b 
He 3HaerBl A b^ab B'b o6ni;eM'B caaBHUH, o6pa30BaHHU]Q[ h an- 
TepaTypHO-pa3BHTofi neaoBiK'B. PeaancrB... 

Ohi> ocTanoBHaca h MeAJienno noKanaa'B CBoefi e-iaoft ro- 
aoBofi. Ohb 3Toro HHKaK'b He Morb nonaTb. PeaabHoe yHHann^e 
Moaterb, noxcaayfi, BOCOHTaTB AtJiBBbCfb, noqTeHHHX'B, neci- 
ehxij aK)Aeft, ho caMoe BHcmee, hto ecTb B'b acH3HH, MOJKerb 
BtAb AaTb annib totb, kto nojiym^'h KaaccHHecKoe o6pa30- 
Banie. A B'^Ab Bce-TaRH BHpameme aniiia stoS A'&BymRH TaRX 
CaaropoAflo, B^Ab ona Bca, tohho Bonaonteme RaRoro-HH6yAb 
MtcTa H3'b FoMepa, ROToparo 3Torb neaoBtR-b h ne HHTaax 
Aaate. 9to, Bipno, TaR-b! 9to, Btpno, Aap'b BoMciti!.. „Wenn ihr's 




GOBJlABH'b. 173 

nicht fllhlt, ihr werdet's nicht erjagen**,— bchomhejiocb eiiy:— ;^^ero 
BH He npoqyBCTBOBajiH, Toro He ycBOHie*. Tirb, rnxl A kto 
HyBCTByeTL, kto bhahtb, totb ne nyacflaeTCfl bi> yqentix'B hbh- 
CRaniJiX'Bl — syicaji'B owb. 

BoPL Bij^aeTB, RaRHiTB oOpaBOM'B cTapHRy BApyr'B BcnoM- 

HHJIHCB ero C06CTBeHHHe CTEXHy CTHXH, KOTOpHe OH*L CTOJIbRO 

paaii coHBHHJTB B'B 6ujiuH BpeMBHa no cjiynai) aha posRAesi^ 
HMnepaTopa, no fnoBo^y bchrhxi> H)6HJieeB'B, bo speiiH dK- 
cKypcift H BeceJiHxt nonoeRi. Oahh hb-b bthx-b nponsBe- 
Jiemi 6HJIH OTneqaxanu na KpacuBHrB jiHCTaxx h» RaR'B 
«Macte senex imperator*, TopxeecTBeHHoft MeaoAiefi pacnbBaJiHCb 
yqeHHHecRHiTB xopoMX nozTB ynpaBJienieM'B y^HTejia ntniH, 
r-Ha KocTOHBapTa, ROTopony rjik)Hi> otb ABepeft saiffcHaJTb 
AHpHscepcRyi) najioHRy; Apyrm ace HcnojiHfljmcb BspocjiuMH 
H n&iHCB Ha 6oji'6e HapoAHue mothbu, RaR'B Hanp., ^Prinz 
Eiigen, der edle Ritter*". H BcerAa din nbCHH BHSUBajiH BocTop- 
xceHHoe OAofipeHie, cooTB'bTCTBeHHO oficTO^TeJibCTBairB B086ys- 
Aaa TO THioe yuHJienie, to 6ypHHfi BHTyaiasM'b. Ho Bon> ana- 
eTb, ^To paacTpoHJio BApyrb CTaparo ynuTeirii: Bct bth pneMU 
pasoiTB nepecTaJiH npaBHTbCA eny h noRaaajmcb eny 6e8Ta- 

JiaHHUHH, 6e8SH3HeHHHMH. B'b CBOeM^ HeCnpaBOAJIHBOM'b FHiBi 

owb AomejTB Aase ao tofo, hto nanajiB cTHAHTbcH sa 9thxx 

CBHA^TeJiefi CTOJIb MHOrHXl> CqaCTJIHBUX'b HaCOB'b. Owb BB MH- 

CMx-B CBOHX'b npoBeji-b no hhm'b MORpoft ryOROfl, RaR-b 6yATo 
OH'b mtbJTh nepeAi co6ok> 6e8rpaM0THys) naHROTHio njioxoro 
y^eHHRa Ha RjiaccHOtt aocr'6. HHROPAa 6ojibme OH'b ne nosBo- 

JIHTb Ce6il ROCHyTbCH n088iH, OH'b Wb 9T0Th MOMeHTb He nOHH- 

MajTb Aaace, RaRib owh Morb noBBOJiHTb ce6t noAo6Hoe panbmet 

— ATby Aa, Aa, Aa! — BaAOxnyjTb OH'b, onaTb bhah nepeAi 

co6ox> BHpaseHie jmua cTaTyn na (J)OHTaHt, nyBCTBya npa 

dTOlTb H'&ROTOpOe Orop^OBle, HtHTO Bib pOA* aaBHCTH H CTHAa, 

HO onxyniaa, Bsrbcrb ch rbifb, RaRyio-To BHyTpeHHDio paAocTb, 
ROTopafl BUdBBjia Ha ero Jini^'b yBfHJieHHyiu yjUi6Ry. H, bhah 
nepeA> coCoro 3Ty $Hrypy, ROTopaa npeACTaBJiHJiacb eMy to 

BM B-b I^tjIOirb, to Fb RaR0tt-HH6yAb BOCXHTHTeJIbHOft ACTaJIH, 

Offb Hanaji'b maraTb Jierne h CHCTp-ie, RaR-b 6yAT0 eny 6hjio 
He ceMbAecHTb Asa roAa, a AsaomaTb ceiib ji'&Tb. OH'b nyBCTBOBaJTb 

Ce6H npOHHRHyTHM'b H RaRl 6H OfiOApeHHUIfb RaRHlfb-TO OCO- 

CeHHmrb on^yn^enieM'b, ROTopoe HBJifljiocb OAHOBpoMeHHO h. 
ocyn^ecTBJieHEanrb cqacTbeinb, h tocroS no neirb. 

EABa ycntji'b offb npoftTH »c6Ji'b8HyK) RajiHTRy, BeAyntyro 
Kb napR'b, RaRi> saMiTHji'b na oahoK na'b 6oROBHX'b Aopo«eR'b, 
ORaftM^ieHHoft HHBRo-noACTpHaceHHUMH RycTHRaMH, rocnoAHHa 
vajieHbRaro pocTa. Ero BUi^B'bTmafl, HCRpHSJieHHaH h HBMHTaH 
manoHRa 6ujia aajinxBaTCRH cABHnyTa na jrbButi 6oR'b, a 
BOJioToe nencHa Ceanenno noRa^HBajiocb na Hocy, TaR'b hto 



174 BHJIbrEJEbMl X'ETBJEBPL. 

XHxpo MHraiDiAie rjiasa mofjih rjiajil^Th h Hepesi* creKJia k no- 
Bepxt HHX'B. To eHJiT) o6ep'B-6yproMHCTp'b r-wb KjiefiH- 
roxbjvb. 

Eabe saM'feTHB'B y^HTejiH, oH-b ycKopHJi'B CBOH H (5e3i> Toro 
fiHCTpue ciMCHflmie ina«KH h nocniniHJi'B Kb neMy. Ilocjit 
nepBaro npHBticTBia, owb thxo h xHTpo yjiH6Hyjica CBoeny 
vis-Ji-vis H, nJiOTHO npHflBHraacb KTb Heny, njiyroBCKHM'b tohom-b, 
KaK-B 6yAT0 ptHb mjia o67> yAa^Hofl lOHomecKofi npofltJiKt, 
cnpocHJi'B ere: 

— Hy, KaK'b BH ce6a nyBCTByeie nocjit Hamero Beqepa 
„HenpiiHy»tAeHHHX'i>**? BorB Chji'b Be^ep-B. FocnoAH, xaKb bc- 
cejio MHt ywcB, npaBO, AasHO ho 6hjio, H-feTB, a Banm cthxh, 
T'Wh npo(|)eccopT>,— OHH 6hjih npocxo BejHfKOJiinHH, H BaMi> 
BOTb ^TO CKaacy. 

BaflBi yqHxeJia hoa'b pyny h npHBJieKaa ero ein,e 6jiH»ce 
Ki) 066*6, OH'B pa8CKa3ajiT> eMy, KaK'b, BepHyBmacb soMofi nosAHo 
HOHbK) HJiH — xH-xH-XHl — paHo yrpoMi), OH'b Hc MOPb y^ep- 
maTbcfl, HToOi He paaOyflHTb cbok) aceny, AaOa Toinacb »e 
nponecTb efi cthxh y^HTejia. 

— Hti^, Baii'b HaAo 6hjio bha^tb, KaK'b Moa ciapyxa xo- 
xoTajial „H 6hL xoTtJia ycjiHinaTb Hx-b H8b ycTb caMoro r-Ha 
yqHTejifl*, CKasajia ona. Htrb, ntrb, ohh efi yjKacHO noHpa- 
BHJiHCb. Ho, nocjiymaflTe! B'feAb uu. Ha 6yAy^^eja HOA'fefffe ox- 
KpHBaeM-b (j[)OHTaH'b. Bojibmoro napoAa xoxa h ho 6yAeTi>, ho 
BtAb oCtA'b y Bpooxa naAo o6cTaBHXb H-fecKOJibKO xopxcecxaeH- 
ho. TaKT* BH yax, noacajiyflcxa, ochjifiBATe cBoero neraca. 

Ho MapxHHHj B'b BHAy TOJibKo HTo AaHHapo ce6i o6'biaaHiji, 
oxKaauBaaca caMUM'b p'&mnxejibHUM'b o6pa30Mi>, noA'b apoAJio- 
roM'b Maccu paCoxu, oxcyxcxBia Hacxpoenifl h BceBosMoacHUX'b 
npHHHffb. YBHA'feB'b, HaKOHei^'b, Hxo ho AOCTHraexb i^'fejiH, oht> 
aaaBHJi'b, hxo B'^Ab B'b FaMepmxeAX'b ecxb 6oji'be mojioahh chjih, 
KoxopHa CA*Jiai)XT> axo ropasAO Jiyinie ero. Ho xyxi* o6epb- 
CyproMHCTp'b CHJi'b npocxo BOSMymeH-b. OH'b npHKaji'b CBoe 
nencHd K'b nepeHocHi^'b h cnpocHJib: rjjfk me emfi moxcho nafixH 
xaKoro B'feHHo ronaro noaxa, KaK'b npo^eccop-b MapxHHH, ecJiH 
noA'b MOJioAocxBH) noHHMaxb cepAAe, BOOAymeBJienie h pa6oxo- 
cnoco6HOCXB. H'i^xi>, H'j^xb, dXH xaKb nasHBaeMue mojioahb 
JiiOAH cb HXb ycxajiofi npecb^^eHH0CTbK), — o nnx'b yacb jxynnie 

H He rOBOpHXB. 

H, noAcoBHBaa cboh) pyKy noA'b pyKy ynnxejiH, OH'b npn- 
CaBHJi'b: 

— 51 emfi HCMHoro npoBO»cy Bacb, ho ne A^Jiaflxe xaKHXb 
orpoMHHX'b maroB'b, a xo y namero 6paxa Ayx'b aaxBaxHBaexb. 

H OH'b aacHnaji'b ero cxojibkhmh AOBOAaMH, hxo cxapHKb 
Hanaji'b CMOxp'bxb na cboh cxapHe rp'bxH fioji'fee MarKO h, naKO- 
Heq'b, AaJi'b corjiacie. 



w. 



OOBJiXdH'b. 175 

— Hy, TenepB addio! Bu, 3HaHHTi>, oiihtb dJiaronoJiy^HO 
•oRpyTHJiH MeHfl. Ho dTO y^'B Sh nocjx'ibAHijS paaob. 

OcraBaJiocb en^e npoflTH Hefiojibmoe pascTOHHie sa napRoiTB 
no nocreneHHO B08BHinaK)iii;eMycH, ii8BHBaH)iiieMycfl mocce, 
^Tofix oiyxflTbCfl Ha CoKOBofi flopoaucb, KOTopaa sejia B'b jrbcB. 
3oJioTHCToe oceHHee cojinqe jihjio cboA cB'farB Ha xeMHOn 
aejieHUfl cochu. RopHHHeBaTue 6yKU e TOHide ctbojih napHA- 
flax's Cepes'B, KoxopHe cnycRajiHCb no owioroMy cimoHy Kb 
poBHOMy Jiyry b'b jiojiuwb h ohatb noAHHMajiHCb Ha oJit^yK)- 
n^eM'b BosBumeEiH. A sa hhmh B'b CHH'bR)ni;ett AajiH, ORyTU- 
BaDH^eft jitcHyio namy, rjiaay npeACTaBJiHJmcb hobua RpacoTU. 

lio onpflTHofl Aopo»Rt Bnepe^H yinrejifl ROBUJifljrb 6ora- 
TUfl ())a6pHRaHTb, H'J^RorAa 6HBmi]& ero yieHHROM'b, a HbiHib 
yace crapHRx. Bro Bejia hoa'b pyRy ^ena. MapxHHH cehjix 
mjiHQy, HTo6u noRJioHHTbCfl, H, He Ha^^BaH en 6ojibnie, iyb 06- 
Ha»eHHod roitOBoft JierRHMH maraMH nomeji'b AaJibuie, nacjia- 
jBAaflCb ooiymeHieM'b CBoejS mojioaocth. CBtsRifi oceHHifl B'b- 
Tepi) pasBtBajTb ero C'hmie bojiocu h ne coBcbicb enne ctAyx) 
6opoAy, noRpuaanniyK) poTb h noA^opoAOR'b; npoHocHCb hba^ 
yB'bmaHHuiCH mHoiRaMH BepxymRaiiH ejiefi h coceHi>, ocenHlfi 
Bbrep'b BJiHBajTb B'b ero rpyAb Rp'bnRie aanax? h ynocHJi'b ero 
yifb B'b 6e3R0He^H0 A&JieRiH npocipancTBa h Bpeiiena. Integer 
Yitae scelerisqae purns. CxapHfi MOTHB'b SByiaji'b B'b HeMi>, RaR'b 
(JyATO HameniHBaji'b h naniBaJi'b ero aiorb BecejiHft th- 
xiS mejiecTb AepeBbOBX. Tyrb eny npHnuiH na yMi) cthxh, 
ROTopHxi) oTb Hero xpeCoBajiH. Owb xopsecxBOHHO BdAOxnyjTb 

a npHdBaJTb B& ^0MOI^b BCtX'b AOfipUX'b AyXOBTi. H XOHHO 

TaRi> «e, RaR'b BOiDion^HM'b rpeRairb noMorann 6orH OjiHMna, 

TaRl> Rlk Heiiy HBI) BOSAyniHOfl CHHeBH npH6jIH8HJIHCb JIK)(}HM- 

Sfi Myaii aHXHHHux'b RjiaccHHecRHX'b BpeMOH'b. H Fopauitt h 
IlHHAap'b, H KjionmxoR'b h UlHJiJiep'b h A^JRe cxapniS Ao6puft 
TjieHM'b, — RasRAbifl BHecb CBOK) Jienxy: kxo npeKpacHufl ofipaai, 
Rto BoaBbimeHHyio mucjib, rxo ocxpoyMHU^ o6opoxi>. Ohh Bcb 
B03Harpa3RAajiH cxaparo y^HxejiH aa ero npeRJiOHenie nepeA'B 
hhmh h He ocxaBJiAJiH ero, nona owb cb pacRpacH'bBmHMCJi 
jmitoM-b meji-b see AaJibme, naJiRoft oxfiHBan xaRxi> xa«eJio- 

BtCHUX'b pHBH'b. 

V. 

OrOJIO Hacy AHaROMMep^iHCOB'feXHHR•bBpOOX•bOCXaBHJI•b CBOH) 

<j)a6pHRy. On-b onoaAajrb, HMtJi-b RpynHHH nenpiaxHocxH h, hbti- 
3a MaccH pa6oxT>, He ycn'bji'b nosaBxpaKaxb. TojioahhA, HepBHHfl, 
aaHflxuiid bchrhmh HJianaMH, owb CojibniHMH maraMH mejii>AOMo£, 
pacRaHHBan rpyanyio BepxHiOH) nacxb CBoero xtJia, hxo OH'b 
BcerAa A^Jiaji-b npn CHcxpofl xoAbfii. JSpiAb ero, oxAtJieHHHft 



176 BHJEBFEJIbM'B rEFEJIBPli. 

OTB flOMa ^peftJiefiH-B JSp^ie^murb Bcero joiByMH affaniaMH, Taicate 
Chjtb nocTpoeffB b-b CTapoMOAHOMX CTHJit, CB Kpyro^ KpH- 
med EBB HepHaro mE(|)epa. 9to 6ujio Cojibinoe BAame, ROTopoe 

CBOeft Be^IHHHHOft H npOCTOTOfi OpnaMeHTHKH npOHBBOAHJIO BHy- 

niHTejibHoe^ xoth h F^cROJibKo MpaHHoe BaeiaTjrbHie. 

KpyrO noBepnyB'B rjidtb, ROMMepi];iii cob'j^thhr'b otrphjii> 
BUCoRyD RajiHTRy, ROTopaH Bcjrbff.'b 3a HHifB onATB 8ax}ioiiHyjiacb> 
B6'i3RajrB no mHpoRofi jrbcTHHirib h otrphjh^ ABepB wb ROMHaTy> 
ROTopaa eiii;e co BpeifeHH ero Ai^TCTBa HasHBaJiacb a'^tcroS, 

XOTA BB BT0M1> 06CTaBJieHHOirB CTapOMOAHOK) yA06H0K) Me6eJIBK> 

noMi^nteHiH xchjih renepB BspocJiHe. 

Pujiowh 6HJia ROMHaTa, b'b Roropoft o6HRHOBeHHO HaxoAHJiacb 
ceMBff: Korsa, ocTanoBEBinHCB Ha noporfa, owb yBHA'i^Jn» TairB 
CBOK) «eHy, cTonmyi) y oRHa, offB BjipyrB yjiHfinyjica. yjrafi- 
Hyjica OTRpHTii), ROTopoe ceftiacB, BuponeM-B, ne bb nepBufi 
yace paa-B CA'bjiajrB B'B cefi*. Ctohjio eny tojibro yBHA'bTB 
CBOK) HOJiOAyK) ac6Hy, RaRx B'B HeM'B yTHxajio BCflRoe pasApa- 
Hcenie, Roropoe 6e3'B aroro nacTo npopuBaJiocB; oho yTHxajio^ 
ycTynaa MicTo omymemio thxoh, cnacTJiHBOfl pa^ocTH. 

— Th, beaho, HajiK)6oBaTBCH He MoaeeoiB na CBoft (|>OHTaH'B? 

— Jldi, He Mory. H^H-Ra CDAa. PasB'boH'B ne onaposaTejieffB? 
EjieHa BMJia ero noA% pyRy h, hoaboah r'b ORHy, yRaaana 

eMy Ha rojiyCa, yctBmaroca Ha oahh-b h3B 8y6uoBB CRajiu. 

— A HacROJibRO BTO 6yAeTTE> RpacHB'be, RorAa eni;e nojiBexcA 
BOAa, H nTHUH (5yAyTi» hhtb ee. Boo6me, Apyn Mofi, h Tee* 
eu^e pa8i» AOJixcna CRaaaTB: RaRHH'B npeRpacHuirB hh npeACTa- 
BJiajicH uE'h <|)0HTaHT», ohi> Ha caMOM'B p.'bjrh bo MHoro pasB 
RpacHB'be. H mh6 Ra»eTca, ^to jqeioah laiTB BHHsy T0«e m> 
BocToppfe. Ecjm-6'B a tojibro snajia, hto ohh AyMarorB. 

KOMMepiUH COB'bTHHR'B HOCMOTp'&jrB BHH81> Ha HJIOH^aAB. TOJI- 

rothh HeMHoro yjierjiacB, ho TaMi* Bce enne TOJinnjiHCb Jii)6o- 
nuTHHe. K'B Ra»Aofi m;ejiH Aoiii;aToft crbHH npBJiHHJia rojiosa 
RaRoro-HH6yAB MajiBHyrana, MeiRAy rbwb RaRB BapocJine HSAaoH 
orjiaAHBajiH B08BumaK)ii:Qr]DCH ESLjsrb aaOopoMB BepxHioH) nacTB 
xcencRofi (|)HrypH. 

— Hto AyMaioTB jiioAH? — Ao6poAyniHO, HO HCMHoro HacMtm- 

JIHBO, OTBiTHJTB OHB. — OaHH 8JIHTCH» TTO Ha 9T0 M^CTO Hd 

nonajTB CTapHft ^[iHCTepRaMirB, a Apyrie... Hy, ohh AynaioTB: 
^Stotb AypaRB Ha cboh jienhvn MorB-6'B npiofiptcTH HT0-HH6yAi> 
Coji-te paayMHoe*. 

— Oh, th neccHMHCTi! Th nposaHRB. 

— A TH caiia no33ifl! Th BHTyalacTRa! 

Oh^b pascM'&HJiCH en^e 6ojr]^e cepAe^HO h cRasaJiB: 

— Th, BtpHO, AynaeniB, hto bc4 nnjiarorB BOOAynieBJie- 
BieMB no SApecy fijiaropoAnaro aepTBOsaTejia. 

— PasyMieTca! Ecjih He Bct, to, bo BcaROMi> cjiynai, MHorie. 



COBJABH'b. 177 

B^ FaMMepinTeArt ^opa3;^o Cojrbine JivdjsfiA, npHB-hxcTBy- 
lomBxi aio npoHSBeaeHie HCKyccTBa, Htirb th AynaemB. 

— flHTa, HTO noHHMaeMT) mh, acHTejiH TaMMepniTeATa, bx 
HCKyccTB*? B4;u> si can't HH^ero bi Hen-B ne cMHCJiHJit, noKa 
He nosHaKOMHJica ch ToCoJi. HacB th cnpocH o ^afipHKartiH nyro- 

BHITB, 6yMarOIipaAHJIbHflX'b, OTKaHbt H HaCHBKt,— BOrtBTb BTOMTb 
MH BHaXOKH. Ho HCKyCCraO — 9T0 TOBap-b, KOTOparO MH flO CHXT) 

nopi eme He snajm. 

— Ax'Jb, fl Te6i He BtpK). Bt^b HtKOXopHe Bce-xaKH pa^H 
^>y;iyrb axoMy. A ociaJibHHe... ohh npoHxypb b-b raaert, ^o 
<t)OHTaH'b HBJifleTca npoHaBeflenieirb HCKyccxBa h Cy^yxi) xe6t 
Cjofaro^apHH xoth-Ch hsx Mtcxnaro naxpioxHBMa. 

— Jifi., HecoMH'feHHO, h6o raMMepmxeAxitH Boo6me bx BHcmefl 
CTeneHH OjiaroAapHHfl HapoAi>. Ho ecJiH CHXb necxHHM'b, xo 
npHflexcfl CKaaaxb, ^xo a bobcc He aacjiymHJi'b hx'b Cjiaro^ap- 
HOCTH. Pa8B'6 OTH HMX^^ BOBABurb (|)OHxaH'b! Htx'b, H ero noAapHJii) ' 
Teet. noxoMy Hxo xh bt* MionxeH* npiiinJia B'b xaKofi Bocxoprb 
OTB MOAeJiH, noxoMy hxo xh tbkl paAOsajiacb mhcjih, hxo ohi> 
6yflexT> cxoaxb a^fecb, nepe^'b HamHafb jiouowh. /la, oth xefin h 
TOJibRo jiJiH xe6A A saKasaji'b ero; HS'b caMHX'b HHSMeHHHX'b 

arOHCXHHeCKHX'b HyBCXBl), 1T06HXB0ft rJia3T> MOrbBHA*Tb ^xo- 

HHCyAb npeKpacHoe bi axoM-b ropoA*. H6o xo, hxo xeet npa- 

XOAHXCH BAtCb BHA*Xb, MOH, HaiIpHM*p'b.j.. MOpiUBHH H meXHHy. 

— Th onaxb HaHHHaenib? 

— Hy, BHaenib, Kor^a a BHmy xe6H, a HHofi paai, AtficxBH- 
TeJibHO, Kaaycb ceCt cxapofl, oCBixpeHHOft paaeajiHflofi. 

— B'^Ab XH axEM-B ocKoptSjiaemb MOiS BKycb. 

Ona HeMHoro npHnoAHHJiacb na i^nno^Kax-b, ^rod-b nou^Jio- 
Baxb ero. 

B'b xoMT), Han't ea Myncb oxb^thji'l na ea JiacKy, B'b xoM'b, 
KaK'b oH'b JiacKOBO npoBeji'b npn 9T0M'b cBoefi xaatejiofl pyKofi 
no ea CiaoKypHM'b BOjiocaii'b, — 6hjio ^xo-xo xporaxejib- 
Hoe; a B'b yjiH6K'b, Koxopaa ocB'fexHJia ero o6hhho p-feaKoe 
JIB^o, 6hjio ^xo-xo yAHBHxejibHoe, hxo-xo noxo3Kee na po6Koe 
cnacxbe MOJioAeHbKaro MajibHEita, Koxopnfl aroCHXb B'b nepsHft 
pas'b. 

B'b axox-B MOMOHTb 9pHCXTb HpomejTb nepes'b „A*TCKyio". 

YBHAaBT) pOAHXeaefi B'b 9X0ft fffaKHOfi nOB'fe, OH'b B'b H3yM- 

JieniH ocxanoBHJica h, cnabHO noKpacH'bB'b, yjiHanyji-b. 

OxKHHyB-b roaoBy h bhcoko noAnaB'b nae^H, oHb raaA*Jrb 
HepesT* OKHO, HO He BHA'feJi'B HHqero hb'B xoro, hxo A*JiaJiocb 
Ha ABop'h: Bce Bpena cxoaan nepeA'b ero raaaaMH oxer^'b h Ma- 
HHxa, o6HaBinieca B'b HHXHMHofi n-feacHOcxH, He noAOsptBaa, 

HXO HX'B BHAHX-b. JlHIEb CHyCXa H-feCKOJIbKO ceKyHA'B MpaMopHaH 

$Hrypa aa okhomi> oxneqaXoTfejiacb na raaaax'b MaabHHKa. Ea na- 
roxa xoabKO xenepb Aomaa ao ero coanaHia: roaaa acenmaHa.... 

iKMIb. OTAtJIli 1 • 12 



178 



BBJIbrEJIblCL TETE3LEVh. 



Bi> EBut aaraeBejiHJiocb CeanoKOftHoe h jipaaEwmee ^yscTBo, aa 
KOTopoe eMy 6tiJ[o cth^ho, h oitb onaib chjibho noKpacH'tJi'B. 
HaKOHeai), owh B3ajn> c% aiamepKH KHHry h Cb myMoiTB ypo- 
HHJTB ee. Tor^a OTeui) OKJiHKnyji'B ero. CKpHBaa cboid po6ocTb 
no^Tj KeyKJiro»ceH HejiH)6e3HOCTbK), oarb noKJiOHHJiCH cbohm'b 
po^nTe.iHM'b H xojiojXHO nou'fejiOBa.ii'b MaTb bt* meKy. 

Ilocjit o6'bm kij 9pHCTy npninjiH ero ABa Apyra, Tro6H 

BMtCTt rOTOBHTb ypOKH. OpHITb ^^Hl* JlBOHe CTpeMPJiaB'b 

B3^i^maji"b no raHpoKofl JitcTHHU*, nepecKaKHBaa Hepea-B Tpa 
GxyneHBKH, tohho naBcpxy eHji'b noMtapi>, Mexcziy T^wb KaKi> 
noKJiajiHCTHfi ABrycTb, CHJibHO oiCTaBaa, cjiiAOBajTb aa hhm'b. 
H'tKOTOpoe BpeMH y Majib^HKOBi* 6HJI0 THxo, HO BApyrb no JIOUJ 
npoHecca rpoxorb, KS.K'b SyflTO kto-to BHCTpiJiHJTb, TaK'b hto 
SKOHOMKa, (J)peHJieflHi> Knnn'b, Koiopaa KaK-b paa'b CKJiaomBaJia 
cepeGpo b'b mnacj)!), npHJierfejia Wh KOMHaiy ^pay Bpoox'b ex 
HomeMi* B'b pynaxi) h, Bca aanHxaBmiicb oTb y«aca, KpHK- 
Hyjia: 

— CnacHTe, nani'b Majib^HK-b! 

— TitTH, BtpHO, BHKHHyjIH KaKyBO-HHfiyflb maJIOCTb, — OTBt- 

THJia (|)pay BpooxT>, BCKOHZB'b H3'b-3a imcbMeHHaro cTOJia. Ona 
nocntojHJia naBepx^, ho, KaK'b lOJibKO ona noOT^ajiacb na BTopofi 
STEJKT), efi HaBCTpi^y BHfi'fexcaji'b 9pHCTb H CHCTpo'cKaaaji'b: 

— AxT*, npocTH, MaMa, mh He 3Hajin, hto ona TaK'b chjibho 
Bunajmrb. Si TOJibKO BjioiKHJib naTpoHi) B'b mok) cTapyro nyniKy. 

— B^bAb He TH aKel— nepefiHJi'b ero ABrycT-b. 

— 9to h, $pay Bpoox'b, a, — cb Becejiofi ycMiniKofi CKasajrb 
<I>pn^'B, oTBtmHBaa efi HHSKift noKJiOH-b. — Sj^paBCTByfiie, 
(J>pay Bpoox'b, nafl'ferocb, hto bh He cnajiH KaK'b pas'b B'b 9to 
BpeMjj, 

— A bh eme Bcfe uiaH, MajibHHKH? Hy-Ka, noKajKHTecbl H 
HaTryra.iH ae bh Menal Bh, B'fepHo, ne coBctM'b bi> CBoeM'b yu% 
rocnojia, TaKOfi cxptjibeofi bh MOMceie, Borb anaeT'b, KaKyio 

6'fefly HaTBOpHTb. 

— EcJiH a npH TOM-b, HH^ero ne Moatei'b cJiyHHTbca. 

*- ila? A npo^eccop'b MapiHHH mh* nejiaBHo paacKaaaJib, 

HTO TH HBfb HyTb 6hJI0 BCCb JlOWb He Hojiaor'b. 

- ATb, rocno«a Bpoox'b, ceMeftCTBo MapTZHH yaacHo 

njTJIHBHe JIIOAH. CTOHTb TOJibKO HeMH0«K0 noAoajiHTB 3aHa- 

B'bcKy, H HM'b yafb KaaeTca, ^to Becb jiowb cropiji-b. 

— a flyMajia, hto bh Bcb yrjiy6HJiHCb B'b cboh ypoKH, a 
BH BOTi. KaKHMH $0KycaMH saHHMaeTecb. KaK'b ate 3to npo- 
HaoniJio? — oCpaTHJiacb ona K'b cBoeny cnny. 

— Mh, A^fiCTBHTeJIbHO, CHA*JIH 3a ypoKaMH. JlaTHHCKifl mh 

npHroToBHJiH, HO Borb y nacb (|)paHiiy3CKifi nepeBOOT>... 

— Ha, (|)paHiiy3CKifi nepenoA'b, Toro... — npoAOJiHcaji-b ABrycrb, 
noKaHHBaa rojioBofi. 



w 



r 



C0BJIA8HX. 179 



— Ohx HaMi. nonpocTy He z^aeiM. Oni, cjihiiikom^ TpyjieiTB, — 
<rB (5ojibmefi TBepflocTbio aokohhhji'b Opnin*. 

— Ho, rocno^ia., Bijj;b npnroTOBJi^H)Ti> ace ero BaniH TOBa- 
pnmH. 

— JIfi, OHH.... 

— y HHrt npocTo ecTL kjiwhi*, ohh npaMo cnHCHBaron. 

— HeyacejiH nepeBO^-B, A*flcTBHTejibHO, Tan-B ipy^iemb, Ab- 
rycTL? 

ABrycTB aajiyM^HBO noKajit nJie^aMH h cKa3ajn>: 

— Btjxh 9pHCTb HST) Hacx TpOHX-B JiyHoie Bc4xi> BHaerB 
4)paHi^y3CKifi; h ecjiH yact oht> He MOHceTt BHJrfe3Tb... 

— /tfciO BOTB BB ^eM'b: yHHTCJIb KpyM-b, OH'b.-. — OpHUT* 

BHOTHHyji'b HHKniDio ry(5y, no;ipamaa y^Hiejiro (J)paHuy3CKaro 
flSHKa: — ^fliflCTBHTejiBHOjHM'feerb cJi0Bapb$paHu;y3CK0fl aKa^teirin; 
3T0 BtpHO — vfyjxh ero He BCHKifl HM-feerb, Btflb OHi* 200 (j[)paH- 
KOBT> CTOHTB. Ho no-$paHi^y3CKH oH'b HH a3a He 3Haerb, oht> 
caiTb nojibsyeTCH KJno^eM-b h Bcerjta OTHCKHBaerb xaMX caifUH 
TpyOTHH Micra. H ecjiH ne Bce xaKt, KaK-b bi» ero miroTfe, 
OH'b Bce nepeiepKHBaeTb. Oht> nonpociy HeyTb h npHjinpa. 

— Pa;tH Bora, MajibHHKT), hto th laKoe CoJiTaemb,— npe- 
pBajra ero r-wa Bpooxx, MeHcuy rfeifb KaK-b ABrycrb n 9pHcrb 
BeceJio cirfe^JiHCb. 

— JldLy npHflHpa H HeyTb!— 9to MapiHHH roBopHJi'b cBoeft 
;iceHi^, H caifb cjiHmaJi'b! 

— Hero TH TOJibKO He cjiHmaJi'b! 

— A Ha HTO MH* MOH fiOJIbmiH yiHH? ^OJIMCHH «e OHH AJIH 

Hero-Hn6y;ib nperoOTTbCH. 

Opay Bpoox'b npHTBopHJiacb, tto ona He cjinmajia nocjrfeff- 
nmcb cjioBx h, rjiajifl B'b oTKpHTyio Texpajib CBoero cnna, ^h- 
Tajia BaoJirojioca: 

— ,,KorAa HrpoK) MycKyjioBT> na jmii* ea no^ieHHaro cra- 
paro onxa, KOTopHfl, B03MymeHHHft coBepmeHHHM'b ndiKb ero 
flOHepbK) HacHjiieMTb, 6Hjrb Cjihsok'b irb TOMy, ^xoC-b jinniHTbCH 
^CHOCTH yMa, JIyKpe^iH, ototb bo BceMX jxpeBHOMi) Mipt 8Ha- 
jfeHHTuft oCpaseu'b Totl repoKcKofi floepofliTejiH, KOTopan*... 

— Tm, — cKasajia ona. 

— /la, 9T0 xaKoe iipe;iJio»ceHie, hto ero no-fffeMei^KH ejie 
noflMemb!— CKasajTb ABrycrb. 

— rocnoaca Bpoox'b, ecjiH-C-b bh noMorjiH naM-b neMHoro, — 
npocHJi'B OpHi^-b, KOTopHfi ycH^JTb yaie, noKa ^rro, BBoOpaxbCH 
Ha TpaneniK), CBiniHBaromyrocH cb noTOJiKa. 

— Hy, HOCJiymaftTe, Majib^HKH, ^to H^erb Bcerji;a Bnepene? 

— Bcerjta jiaMH,— Haxo;i;HHBo oTBtTHjrb OpniiT* npn oCmeM-b 

lOXOTfe. 

— 3to B'b AaHK0MT> cjiynat ne TaKT> rjiyno, noTOwy tto 
JlyKpeiiiii B'fejib jiaMa. Ho ne coftflemb jih th crb TpaneiriH? 

12» 



180 BHja>r£Ju>M'B rErsjuPB. 

TpyOTO OAHOBpeMeHHO Ka^aibCH Ha Kanejiax'B h roTOBHXb (|)paH« 
uyacicie nepeBOflH. HtMi) ace aBJiaeica JlyKpeuin? 

— JlyKpeuia AOHb CBoero noHTCHHaro oTua. 

— JljBi a ne npo to. CKaacH-Ka th, Bphctl! 

— JlyKpeuia— noAJiexcamee, — OTBiTHJiT) owby no oShkhobc- 
HiK> HdCtrafl BdFJiHjia MaTepH h fjiaaa B'b okho. 

— A ^o;^JIe«aI^ee? 

~ Bo (|)paHuy3CK0Mi» asuKh Bcer^a ctohtb nanepBOM'BM'fecrb. 

— TaK-B/ Ho TTO TH ThWb BHiiiHmb TaKoe sa okhomie>? 

— Hffqero,— OTB'bTHJi'B OHt, BSziparHBaa, h noBepnyjica Kb 
MaTepH. Ho ona saniTHJia, hto ohi> A^JiaeTB npn btomij ycHJiie' 
Haji'B coCott.— Ona noMorjia HMt nepesecTH secb ypoK'b, pas- 
CaBaA yacacaioiiiie nepio;tu na pasyMHUH npeA«iio«eHiH e aa- 
CTaBJiaa MaJibHHKOBT) Majio-no-Majiy CKJienTb Hx-b. Bet neTBepo- 
npa 9T0M'b o^eHb yBJieiuiHCb, h Aame y OpHua, KOTopaft BcerAa 
fibiJi'b pacnojioKeH'B myTHTb, npoOyAHJiocb necTOJiiofiie, TaK'K 

HTO OH'b He OTBO/lKJI-b TJiaS'b 0T1> Cfl Pyei), HT06'b He npopoHHTb 

HH CJioBa. Korffa 9Ta padoTa 6HJia oKOHHena, oHa sejifcia Majib- 
TiHKaM'b HanHcaTb nepeso^'b h o6tni;aJia yrocTHTb hxt* xopo- 
inBM'b BHHorpaflOM-b, ecjiH OHH CKopo H xopomo OKOHHarb pa- 

GOTJ. 

9to o64maHie npHBejio Kb TOMy, hto Bci Tpoe yrjiydzjiHCb 
B'b cBOH TCTpaAKH, TaK'b HTo B'b HpoAOJiHceHie HOJiy^aca, KpOM'fe 

KpaTKHTb BOnpOCOB-b H OTBiTOBl), CJIHnieHl> CHJI-b TOflBKa 

cKpHH-b nepbeB'b. Ci* pacKpacHiBinHMHCH jiHAaMH ohh cbo- 
60AHO BBAOxHyjiH, Kor^a o^HH'b sa ji^yrawb otjioxchjih nepa 

B'b CTOpOHy. 

HTo6'b OTAOxnyrb, ohh BarfeajiH Hrpy, mepTBOft KOTopofi 
cjiyatHJTb KO^aHHfi AHBam*, h KOTopan cocToajia B'b tomi*, hto 
Ha^o 6hjio BCKOHHTb Ha Hero qepes'b OAHy pyHKy h cb paa- 
MExy nepecKOHHTb nepesB Apyryro. 9to Chjib KptnKifi era- 
pHfl AHBaHTb npaA'feAOBCKHX'b BpeMeHB; OH'b nepenecb yace mho- 
roe Ha cBoeM-b BiKy h ceflHacb cnoKofino Tepn'feJTb majiocTH 

MaJIbHHKOBi, XOTfl npyaCHHH B'b erO Ha6HT0ft KOnCKHM'b bojio- 

comij cxapofi rpyAH KaatAHfi paai* rjiyxo BSAHxaJiH. 

— Paa-b, ABa, Tpn, ypa!— KpH^ajii Opna-b, npoHocncb BSijiiy 

AHSaHOM'b. 

— Ypal — BTopHJTb OMy BpHCTTb, CTHCKHBaa syfiH H A'b^aa eme 
fiojite OT^a^HHuft npuacoRi». 

— yp-pal yp-pa! yp-pal— peB'feji'b ABrycTi> h, KyBHpKaacs 
H 6apaxTaflCb pyKaMH h HoraMH, nepeJi'feaaji'b. 

Ha crfeHt noA'b nopTpeTOMx noKofiHofi Maxepn 8pHCTa Top- 

HaJI'b CTapMja TBOaAb, B-tHHO npHHHHflBOlifi paBJIHHHKH O'tAIi. 

H BOTb, KorAa ABrycrb cbohmh jiarymeHbHMz npHaicaMH 
Spaji-B npHCTynoM'b AHBaffb, OH'b 3a^•fe^HJIca JioicreM-b oe-b 3tottv 
rB03Ab H nopBajiB cefii Becb pyKaB-b. 



r 



C B J[ A 3 H "L. 181 



— HopTB noaepal Moa HOBaa KypxKa! 

— TboA CTapHicb ee aamTonaerB,— cKaaajTB Opnit-B. 

— TJa, OHT> 3T0 MO«erB CA*JiaTb,— OTB'feTHJI'B ABryCT'B CB 

BtKOTopuM'B Rojie6aHieMi>. 

Ha caMOMT> ate A'feJi*, xom Maciep-B IIlJiexTeHffajib, a^^ctbh- 

T^JIbHO, 6hJI'I> npO(|)eCCiOHaJIBHUM1» JiaTOHHHROM'B, pBaHUX'B 
KOCTH)MaXT> CBOerO CHHa OHT> H BHaTB Hexor&jiTb. no3TOMy ABrycTB 
npcABHAtji'b yatacHyH) rpoay. KorAa <I>pay Bpooxib, HCMHoro 
•cnycra, Bonuia Kb ROMnaxy cb fioJiBmnM'B 6jik)aom'B BHHorpaAa, 
«My, HecMOipa Ha Bct cTapania, He yAajiocb cRpHXb icBoero 
orop^emH, h ona ceflnacB xce saM'j^XHJia iipoHcmeAinyib b'b 
HeicB nepeicbny. 3pHCXT», xopomo dHaBiniiS AOMamHioK) o(Scxa- 
HOBRy cBoero APyra, saaBHJi'b, hxo ecjiH-6i> ABrycx-b xojibRo 
HKi^jTb HFOJiKy H HHXRH, 0Hi» MOHb 6u caMi) 3ainxonaxb Aupy. 

— Hy, ABrycxT>. a AynaK), jxynme Bcero CyAexi, ecjiH a 
noiipo6yK) npnaoacnxb CBoe HCRyccxBo Kh XBoeft RypxRt. 

Ona nocjiajia dpHcxa bhhb'b aa HrojucaMH h hhxroS, h, noRa 
ABryCT'B, HeMHoro cMymeHHHfl cbohm'b Aeaa^Habe, ho BHyx- 
peHHo HpesBKHaHHO ycnoRoeHHufi, nacaamAaaca BHHorpaAOMX, 
ona HHHHaa ero KypxRy, 

<E>pHa'b cMoxp'j^ai& Ha nee mnpoRo pacRpuxuHH raaaaMH h, 
HaROHeux, noRa^iHBaa roaoBod, cRasaai: 

— Bh, sflaHHX^, H 3X0 yMtexe A^Jiaxb? 

— Hy, 6Hao 6u naoxo, ecaa-ex a 3xoro He ynitoa. 

— JIb, b^ab oChkhobohho roBopaxT^, wo xaKia yneHna AaMH, 
KaR% BH, HHHero ae noHHHaK)xi» b'b xos^ficxBeHHUX'B Ataax'B. 

— Arb XH, AypanoR-B! — Ona seceao pascMiaaacB. — Bo- 
nepBKX'B, noAo6fiua Ben^H Aoasaa yntxb BcaRaa seHnvina, 
Bo-BxopHX'B, a AaaeRO ne xaRaa ynenaa. 

Ha 3X0 Aa^e ABrycxi> BoapasHaB KaRHicB-xo Hepaadop^H- 
BUiTB 6opMoxaHieM%) a Opni^B naiaa'B nepeHHcaaxB Bce, hxo 
K)Ha 3Haexi»: 

— Bo-nepBUX'B, MaxenaxHRy, hoxom'b aaxuHb... 

— Ha Bce 3X0 RpoxH, Roxoptia a npomaa KorAa-xo bm*cx* 
<!> MOHiTb MaaeHbRHM'B fipaxoM^B, — npepaaaa ona ero. 

— tloxoMi (()paHi^y3CRifi, aaraiftCRitt h HxaaBaHCRift. H, 
Kpoiri^ xoro, bu aaaexe HanaycxB xaRyio Maccy cxHxoxBopeHift 
H orpoifHue oxpHBRH Jis'b niaaaepa h Fexe. 

— H AyMaio, 6oa'&e y^eHuifB MoacHO CHZxaxB paani xoaBRO 
iipo4>eccopa MapxHHH,— cRaaaa'B ABrycTi> h ao ymeft noRpac- 
HiuTB OTB 3Xoro nepBapo KOMnaaifeHxa b'b cBoefi atnanH. 

Hocai^ xoro, RaRi^ rocnoaca Bpoox'B ocxaBHaa ROMHaxy, 
iiajiBHHRH npoAoaacaaa yHHHxoasaxb BHHorpaA'b- Opaa-B yAo6Ho 
pacxaayaca aa AHBaH* h (Jpocaa'B ceCt aroAH B'B pox^. BApyrB 
<}Wh BCRO^max H RpHRHyai>: 

— CaaBHaa y xe6a iiaMa, 3pHcxT»! 



182 BHJKLr^JlBM'L riTEJUSPl. 

HocjiiAHifi ct HsyMJieHieM'L nocMoxptji'b ua cBoero ffpyra^ 
KOTopHft CB pasrop'bBniiiMiicH FJiasaMH npoAOJiacaji'B: 

— H 6h Tose xorbjTB HM'bTB TaKyK) MaxB. HhoA pas's BenepoM'B, 

B'B^KpOBaTH, H AyMaX) TOMX, HTO B'&AB H MOft OTeU'B, C06CTBeHH0, 
MOFB 6h. BTOpHHHO JReHHTbCH, laKX SCe, KaKI> H TBOfi. H H npCA- 

CTasjiaiD 066*6 Bcbxi) mohxi> TeTymeitB, ho Efbirb, hs'b hhx'b a . 

6U HHROrO He XOT^JTB HM^TB MaMOfl. ECJIH OWb 2CeHHTCa, TO 

OHa AOJUKHa 6uTb TaKod, Kan's tboh botb ifaTB. 

9pHcrB cm4«jich h ne anajiB, hto eMy OTBiTHiB. Ho taicB 
KaicB OHX BflpypB no^yBCTBOBaji'B B-B rjiaaaxii meKonymee 
Tenaoe omymeme, ohx bckohhji'b na xpaneiUiD, iTo6'b crpai- 
HyTB CB ce6a to, ^to TaK-B HacTofiiHBo noAHHMajiocB Bi era 
rpyAH. Owb xorfeJi'B oBJia^iTB cofioft h no^aBHTB to, ^o jjfh&' 

CTBOBaJIO BI> HeMl, TOHHO CHJIBHUH ^HQVL^eCKlA TOJI^OK'B, KBiKh 

6yAT0 OWb, 6'6raH b'b h3B'6cthom'b nanpasjieHiH, Cujrb r'^itb- 
HnOyAB noBepnyrB b'b npoTHBonojioacHyK) cTopony. 

KoPAa OHX B'B axoTB Benep'B npon^ajiCH Ha hohb go gbohmh 
poAHTejiflMH, OHi» He H86']^rajrB Bdrji^Aa CBoeft MannxH, a, na- 
o6opoTB, npucTaJiBHO nocMOTp'bjrB b'b en rjiasa h b'b nepsuft 
pad's Ha OAHH'B MHfB Kp'biiKO npHSicajicfl ry6aMH k'b eA n^eid^. 
Ho BCJrbA'B BarbM'B, cMyii;eHH£i£ h pacTepHHHUfi, yfi-b^ajTs 
H8i> ROMHaTH, TaR'B HTO OTeuj'B AaKe sacTaBHJTB ero Bepnyrbcfl 
H npHRasajTB eny OTy^HTBCfl, naRonei^'B, xjionaTB ABepsMH. 

KoFAa OH'B pasA'fiJicfl h Jiers^ b'b TeMHOx'b cjiOBa Opnua cb 
HenpeoAOJmMoft CHJiofi oBJiaA'b^iH hm'b. OH'B Aynaji'B o OpHii'6, 
BHA'&Ji'B ero CBoeo6pa8Ho TOCKyioiiiiee BHpaseme Jiaua u Ay- 
Man's CBoeM's co6cTBeHHOM'B noBeAeniH. 06ypeBaeMHft ca- 
MUMH npOTHBOp'blHBUMH qyBCXBaMH H deanoROHHO BopoiaflCB 
B'B RpoBaxH, OH'B cnpaiiiHBajii> ce6ff: noneMy en's He moOajrh 
CBoefi BTopofl MaxepH? Ho^eMy OH'B ne xoxiji's Jirofiaxb ee, 
xoTA OHa 6i2Jia TaR'B Ao6pa h jiacROBa ci> hhm'b? HoHeify OH'B 
ydtACA^H's, ^xo He AOJiateH's ee jik)6hxb? 



VI. 

^ma pe6eHRa npeAcxaBjiners co6ok) b'6hho HsirbHHHByH)^ 
HeycxoftHHByK) XRans, cnjiexeHHyio h3i> xhchh'b a*Aobcrhx's h 
iipaA6A0BCRHXi> HHxefi. EcjiH, no«aJiyfi, h mo»cho HHorAa ycxa- 
hobhxb, RaROi^ poAS HHxe^t OBJiaeTca npeo6jiaAaK)iii;Hiii> bi> 
ochob'6, xo coBepmeHHO neonpeA^jniMU ORpacRa h pHcynoRS. 
JIhhib yxROM's onpeA'fiJiflexcH yaop's, h axKH-s yxROM's ABjuiexcfl 
BOGHHxaHie. HejisaA, npasAa, ndMtHHXs ocHOsy, nejisdH CA'bJiaxB 
meJiROByio XRans Ma's mepcxa, ho, CMOxpa no yxRy, xRans mo- 
Xierb cxaxB 6jiaropoAHOft hjih ByjisrapHofi. BeaiHCJienHHe, He- 
BHAHMue nejraoRH CeanpecxaHHO npoO-feraioxTb Hepe3T> Ayiny 



r 



006JIA3HI. 183 

pe6eHKa, aaBepoiafl y3opT>. H bi> o^,1ml> npeKpaoHufi AeHb, r'b 
cBoeMy yasacy ujih ki cBoefi paAocxu, th BHAHinb nepeAi* 
C060K) roTOByK) TicaHL: TBoe npoHBBeAeme, ho h He TBoe, tboS 
pefienoKt, ho ne tojibko tboA. 

RniflHie noKofluofl MaTHJib^H Bpooxi*, ypo»cAeHHott ^Hcxep- 
KaMH'b, Ha ea Myaca u cnna 6hjio oienb pasjiuHHo. KoPAa ona 
yMepjia, MajieHbKOMy Spncxy 6hjio Bcero AeBaxb jiirb. KaK'b 
cHJiLHO 0Hi> ee jib)6hjii>, dToro ohi> panbiue h ne C03HaBaJii>, 

3T0 OHTb nOHHJl'b JIUHIb HOCJli efl CMCpTH. 3a TO'CH MyXCb, KOTO- 

patt aHJii> CT> Hefl bij ciacxjiHBOM'b h ApyaHOMi* CpaKi, 6ujn> 
ijpaMO nopaaenij, Kor^a BCKopt nocjit ea KomuHti no- 
HyBCTBOBaji-b, ^To ea cMepxb HBJwexca ajih Hero xoxa ct> oauoA 

CXOpOHH HeCOMH'tHHHM'b yASpOM'b, HO CT> Apyrofl KaK'b 6h 

0CBo6osAeHieM'b. Ona 6ujia BOSJiioSjieHHo^ ero mojioaocxu, 
ua Koxopofl OH'b 2ReHHJicH xoPAa, KOFAa BHeBannaH CMepxb cxap- 
maro 6paxa aacxaBHJia ero 6pocHXb yHHBepcHxex'b, Hxoe'b cxaxb 
BO rjiaat KpyaceBHofi (J)a6pHKH, OH'b nepBHfl napymaji-b xpa- 

AHlUX), no KOXOpofi BCb BpOOXH CXaHOBHAHCb KynuaMH HJIH 

npoMunijieHHHKaMH. Cix niiipoRHMH, xoxH H K)HomecRU Heac- 
HUMH HJianaMH, nocxynnji'b ohi> Biy yHUBepcHxexi>, ho noA'b 
AaBjienieM'b BH'&inHiix'b odcxoaxejibcxBi) onaxb noAnajii) o6nieH 
xpaAHUiH. BjiaroAapa, OAHaKO, CBoefl 3uepriH, CBoeft pt- 

mHMOCTH T2lKTj HJIH HHaHe COBftaXb HX0-HH6yAb BHaHHXeJIbHOe, 

OH'b yAHBHxejibHUM'b o6pa80Mi> HcnojibsoBaJi'b CBoe, xoxh h ne- 
AoGpoBOJibHoe, nojioacenie. ^a6pHRa naxoAHJiacb bi> yxcacHOM^b 
cocxoflHiH. Yace AaBHO, en;e npn »h8Hh oxAa, aoji^hu 6ujih 
6HXb iipio6p4xeHH hobhh MamHHH. OH'b npeAopHHHJi'b Kopen- 
HUH npeo6pa30BaHiH, Bejrbji'b cnecxu cxapua HaKpeHHBmiHCH 
3AaHifl H BO BHOBb nocxpoeHHUxi) ycxanoBHJi'b HOB'bfimie ao- 
porie HOXHHTaifCKie cxaHKH. B-b xoxi> Monenx'b nepeA'b HHM'b 
cxoHJi'b Bonpocb: 6HXb hjih ne 6HXb? 

B'b 3XH roAH 6opb6u MarKifi, MHJiufi HpaBi) ero nepBoH aenu, 
en coxpaHHBmaHCfl BAajiH orb cyexu Mipa nanBHocxb HBJiajiHCb 
AAA Hero 6jiaroxBopH0fl cm'^hoS nocjrb 6'&meHaro HanpHHceHla 
xpyAOBoro ahh. Ona fibuia oneHb AaJiCKa ox'b ero A'bJioBUX'b 
KHxepecoB-b, H ecjiH OH'b, 6HBajio, HHOfl pas-b BeqepoM-b, nojiy- 
myxa paBCKasuBaJi'b:— .GJiymafi, a ceroAHa onaxb aaKaaaji'b 
xpH 606HHH, B'b ABaAUaxb naxb XHca^i'b naatnyio**, ona oxb'6- 
^aaa: ^rocnoAH! cMoxpn, ne Hcxpaxb xoabKo Bcbx'bAeHepb", h 
npoAoaxajia rpom'b 3a rpomoMi) saimcuBaxb cboh pacxoAH no 
xoBaflcxBy. IIo Be^epaM'b pasroBop'b onpeAtJiajica ofiHKHOBeHHo 
ea HHxepecaMH, Koxopue, homhmo AOMamnax'b 3a6orb, Bpani;a- 
JiHCb BOKpyr'b xoro, hto A^aaaocb y poACXBennHKOB-b, B'b na- 
cxoparfe H B'b pasHux'b 6aaroxBopHxejn>Hux'b oOn^ecxBax'b, B'b 
KoxopHX'b ona, no raMMepmxeAxcKOMy o6HHaio, cocxoajia HJie- 
HOM'b. Boofinte Bca HX'b acHBHb HM'fejia apKO niexHcxcKm xapan- 



184 BHlbrEJIBlCB rEFEJlEFB. 

Tep-B. B'b flOM'b MHoro mojjhjihcb, CoJibine h^mb 9to 6huio no 
jiyini Bpooxy. Xoth bt> nocjrfeAaee Bpenn, KorAa Kb ero Btpt 
CTSJIH npeAtHBJiHTb Bce 6ojibmifl Tpe6oBaHiH, jjfkjio ffoxoffHJio 
no MajieHi>Knxi> CTHHeKt, OHi> Bi> oCmeifb noAHHHHJicH axoMy 
jlOMamfleMy peacHMy. ilBJiflacB bb cBceft AiflTejiLHOcxH anep- 
rHHHHMt, B'b cjiyna* Heo6xoAHMocTH flaace OeanomaflHHM'b 
(5opi^oM'b, OHi> 6HJi'b ;ioMa caMooTBepmeHHHM'b, noRopniiM'b 
cynpyroM'b, npHHOMmHM'b 3Toft mhjio« MceHrmmi «epTBH, ro- 
pasAo CojibiniH, h^mI) OH'b caMi* noj^oaptBajiB. 

Ho cpeAH TOfi nycTOTH, KOTopan nacTynHJia c-b ea CMepiBH), 

B'B HBM'B BHOBb npOCHyJIOCb BCe TO, HTO XaOTHHCCKH BOJIHOBaJIO 

€ro ;iyiiiy B'b MOJiofltie toah. y Hero 6hjio xaKoe ^yBCTBo, 
KaKX 6yATo OH'B, nocjit AOJiraro npedHBaniH bb KOMHarfe eojib- 
Horo, CTaJii> BAHxaTb cBiatift hotok'b BOJiBHaro Boa^yxa, bah- 
xaTB ero cb HacjiaacAenieM'B, cb tockoh) h cb HayMJienieMB. Bb 
nepBHfi roA'B nocjit ea CMeprn OH'B HHTajiB fioJibme, ^m'b 
B'B Teneflie MHornx'b ji-fei'b cBoero Cpana. H cb tok) »ce 6e3no- 

maflHOfl pimHTeJIbHOCTBIO, CB KOTOpofi OHB Kor^a-TO CHeCB 

CJIHDIKOM'B HHBKyK) KpHHiy H o6jiynHBmiHCH ct4hh CTapoft 

(j[)a6pHKH, OH'B OCBOCoAHJICfl OT'B ThXb aaXXJIBIX-B H CTOJIB Majio 

OTB'feHaBinHX'B ero HcaxcA'fe nosHaniH Boaap'iHit!, B'B KOToptixB 
OH'B HanojioBHHy 6e3C03HaTejiBH0 ABHrajicH ao cuxi> nopij. 
IIpaBAa, nocTpoflKa HOBaro flyxoBHaro sflanm niJia He xaKh 
CHCTpo.XoTH eroB'BHSB'fecTHottcTeneHH yAOBJieTBopajioHaTypajiH- 
CTH^ecKoe MipoBOBsp'feHie, ho Kor^a OH'B na^JZHaji-B yrjiyCjiaxBCH, 

^HTaa H BHHMaieJIBHO BflyMHBaaCB Kb npO^HTaHHOe, OffB CKopo 
OTKpHJTB HeaanOJIHHMBie Iipo6'&JILI BB CBOeMI) o6pa30BaHiH. 

BojAe Toro, OH'B saM'feTHJi'B, KaKoft HenoAroTOBJieHHofi hohboh 
aBJiHexca ero Aynia. H KaK'B paa'B TtMH o6jiacTaMH, kotophh 
Korfla-To CoJiBHie Bcero npHBJieKajiH ero, — rojiOBOKpyaKHieJiB- 
HMH BHCOTH (j[)HJioco$iH, cBepKaiomie caAH HCKyccTBa,— nepe^B 
HHMH OH'B CTOHJTB ceHHacB GedHOMOniHUfi H pacTepHHHBifi. H, 
HaKOHCA'B, OHi> npnmeji'B k-b aaKJiioHeHiK), ^to ohb cjihhikomb 

CTap'B, HTOC'B CXaiB yneHHKOM'B, H AOJiaeH'B yaOBOJIBCTBOBaXBCH 
tSM-B, HTOfi'B CTOaTB BHCOKO B'B CBOeM'B JjfbJlh. OH'B CB HOBOfl 

CHJiofl Ha6pocHJica na cBoe a*Jio, h ycn'fex'B irpaMO-xaKH Ba- 
jiHJica eny B'B pyKH, ne flocxaBJiHa eny, oAHaKo, nacxoaiuefi 

paAOCTH. 

Ho OTHomeHiK) k'B cBoeny CHHy OH'B Ohji'b AoCpocoB'feCT- 

HUMI>, BHHMaxeJIBHHM'B, CXpOFHM'B, HO AaJIBKO He XOpOEOHMB 

BocnHxaxejieMB. IIpoAOJi>KeHie MaxepHHCKaro nansopa aa pe6eH- 
KOM'B 6hjio nopy^eno ^pefijieftHX Khhh'b. Ona nanajia ero 
cjiiAyion^HMB o6pa80M'B. F-h'b Bpoox'B efl noKaaaji-B, KaKi> cji'fe- 
flyexi> oexapaxB Spncxa xojioAHOfl boao*. Ha cjrfeAyK)m;ee 
yxpo ona BOCKJiHKHyjia: „^a, AfeoHKa, xh npaB%, ecjiH Kpn- 
HHHiB. TBofi oxeu-B, B'fepHo, He xaK'B AyMaJi'B". H, BM-fecTO Toro, 



COBJIASHl. 185 

^ToC'B BocnoJiBBOBaTBca flymeM'b, ona nocTEBHJia ero b-b BaHHy 
H paaa jxbsl ocropoatHo npoBejia no ero cnHH* MOKpofl ryOKoft. 
Bi TaROMi ace syxt ona HCTOJiKOBHsajia 6oJii>myio ^acTB 
yKaaanifl r-na Bpooxa, npoHBJMH npn 9T0m% HCKyccxBO, koto- 
poMy MorB 6h noaaBHffOBaiB ne o^hh-b Teojion>, TOJiKyromifl 
CB^meHHoe IlHcaHie. 3to bcjio othio;^b He k^ TOMy, ^061* 
noflopBaxB yBaaKenie Bpncra k-b 0T^y, a naynajio ero tojibko 
CMOTptTB Ha nany rjiaaaMU cBoeff BocnHTaTeJihHHKu: rjiasaMH 
cJiyPB, rjiaAamHMH cb upeyBejinqeHHrnrB npeKJiOHeHieM-B. Ona 
HM^jia cHJibHoe BJiianie na padBHTie MajieHbKaro dpncra. H 
3T0 BJiianie onpeA'fejiHJiocb ne ctojibko eio caMoft, ckojibko 
TtMTb, HTO oHa ciajia Bipnoft HcnojiHHxejiBHHi^eft yKasaHift 
nacTopa ^crepKaMaa, k-b KOTopoMy oHa Jibnyjia icaKi h3t> 
CHMnaiiH Ki> HeMy, reLR'b h Rdrb XHTparo paacqera. 

y»e npH »H8HH MaTepH 9pHcrB lacTo noctn^ajTB jioui> 
nacTopa, pa* nepeai) ero flymy peBHOCTHO rnaJiH MHoroiHC- 

JieHHHe 'leJIHOHKH. 

Bt» oahhx npeKpacHHft z^enb, Kor^a BpncT-B, lor^a eme 
Kapanya-B, Becejio cnji'hn'h na KospHK-fe, ero mah, yAapHBT> 
KyjiaKOM'B no cxojiy, nanaji-B v^Taxb rpoMH B-b o6mHpHofi 
ptHH, Bi KOTopofl OHi) KJieflMHJTB ppixoBHoe noBCAeHie JIlOAefi. 
SpHCTB no^fits-B 8a ne^Ky h ropBKO pacnjiaKaJica. Jlanib Tor^a, 
KOTOa nepenyraHHHfl pefieHOKi) rpoMKQ sapeBtJiB, Afl^a CKa- 
saji'B eMy, wo oh-b noBucHjn> CBoft rojiocB ne noxoMy hxo 
cepAHjica Ha Hero, a noxony Jinmb, wo toxobhxx nponoBiAB 
KT* HacxynaiomeMy BocKpeceHBio. IIpH 3xomt> cjiynat oht> pas- 
CKaaaji-B MajibHHKy, KaKOBa na bhai> uepKOBB, KaKT> nacxopT> 

CXOffTB BHCOKO HaA'B BCefl 06mHH0fl H BOBB^maeTB CJIOBO 

Boxcie. 

Bnocji'bAcxBm Hxenie nponoB'^A^fi cxajio jiK)6HMofi 3a6aBod 

MaJIBHHKa, H HHXaJTB OHT> HXl XaKX XOpOIHO, HXO MaXB CB BO- 

cxoproMi> cjiymajia ero. . 

KX C^aCXBK), OH-B BCROpt HOCJI* XOFO HOCXynHJTB Bl HIKOJiy. 

TaMi) Bce noniJio coBepmeHHo HHane; xaM'B h xRa'iH h yne- 

UHKH XKaneft OHJIH OAHHaKOBO AtaXeJIBHBI, H HeUCHHCJISMH 

6UJIH xt HHXH, KoxopHa nepeKpeinHBajiHCb bi* cxaHKt. 

OffB 6uji'b HepaBHOMtpHo cnoco6HH3, ho b-b o6ni;eMT> He- 
AypHoii yqeHHKX. Kxo anaji'B ero noBepxHocxHo, xoxt> chh- 
xaJTB ero 4><^^i'^sii'h^humx, xoxh na caMoifB ji'hjrk oh^ AaJieKo 
He Cujib Bsurh. Ero xeMnepaMeHX7> xojibko ne npoaBJiajica 
BO BH'bniHeS myMJiHBocxH. Owb nmcorAa ne Mori* ^srraxb hjih 
cjiHmaxB npo wo-HH(5yAB, He npHBOAa 3xoro bt> cbhsb cb ca- 
MHMi> co6oft. TaK-B, Hanp., cxoa cb ABrycxoM^b, Koxopaii cb 
caiioro nocxyaneHia B-b mKOJiy cxaji-B ero aaKaAMHHUM'b Apy- 
roM-b, Ha KaKofi-HH6yAB cxint hjih ofipbiBt, oh^b BcnoMnaaji'b 
BApyn» cxHxoxBopeHie npo cntjiaro npHryna, h eMy xort- 



186 BHjnbrEJUiifL tetejiefb. 

.TTOcr. BO HTO 6fci TO HH cTajio nojipaataxB eMy. IIpaKTOTHHfi: 
ABrycTi>, KOTopHfl 6ujrB o^enb j^ajieKt ott> noAoeHPJX-B nonojis- 
HOBCHift, HacTo cnpaniHBaji'B hotom'b cBoero fl;pyra, noAHHMaro- 
marocH CB aeMJiH ch yinH6jieHH0fi Horoi!: 

— Hy, HTo 9T0 jifijio Te6t? 

OpHCPB MOr-B eMy TOJIBKO OXBtTHTb: 

— JIb, MH* 9T0 npocTo npiiTTHO. 

Ho ero nepeHCHBaHin ociaBajiHCB, rjiaBHHMT>o6pa30M'b,BHyTpH 
ero, a fliaiejibHOCTb (|)aHTa8iH noBbimajiacb eme, 6jiaro- 
jiapfl ojiHoo6pa3iro flOMamneft oCcTaeoBKH. 

OqeHb CKopo Hacu nepez['B caMmrb chomb cxaJiH jijih 
Hero caMUMH npiaTHHMH. Bee, hto 6hjio BOcnpHHaTO AHeM^, 
BHCxyrrajio bb ffymt, KOTopaa bt> 3Th Benep^ie toch 
cjiHinajia h BH^-fejia acHte, HiM'b npn jineBHOM'B CBirb h 
myMfe, Ho oxoTHte Bcero ero MOJio^ofi yMB coBepraajiB 3Kc- 
icypciiT BO BpeMena cnacTJieBaro paHHaro jot-fiTCTBa, Korjia 
6HJia eme bb aKHBHXX ero nana, KOTopaa caMa yKaa- 
AHBa,Tia ero cnaTb, MOJiHJiacb ci> hhmx h, ecJiH ohb 6HBajrb 
^iHCMij nocjiymeHB, pascKasMBajia eny HCTopiro, Koxopaa npo- 
iiaomjia cb humb caMHMB. H6o ero Cojibrae Bcero 3a6aBjyHJio 
BnAliTi, ce6a repoeMB MaJienbKHXB HCTopiit. Axb, hhkto, hh 
oAHH-B ^ejoB^KB H HH oflHa KHHra (iiaate 6H6jiiay He yn-fejin 
pascKaawBaTb TaiCB xoponip, KaKB ero MaMa. H Kor;ia eMy ysKe 
nnjxo (iuno BacbinaTb, ona ociaBJiajia MajieHBKyro mejiOHKy bb 
ilEepn BB Apyryio KOMHaiy, noTOMy hto ohb neMHoro Coajica 
xeMnoTH, H ysKaa nojioca CBixa ycnoKaHBaaa ero. Ho ecjra 

BB CMCMtHOH KOMHaTt 6HBaJI0 CJIHOIKOMB THXO, OHB BBaJIB ee 

jfcnyraHHHMB h BMicrfe cb tSmb aacTta^HBUMB tojiocomt*: 
„MaMa! MaMa!'' Ona Tor^a, 6HBaJio, ^acTO npaxo^HTB, fiepexB 
ero MajjeHbKifi Kyjia^eKB bb cbok) xyjiontaByro, ropanyro pyKy, 
Ha najibi^axB KOTopoft TaKB cxpaHHO-CBoCoflHO BeprfejiHCb KOjrbn;a 
H, To^HO H3B CoJibHioro oT^ajieHia, menHerb: „Chh, MHJibift!" 

Ohb nacTo BcnoMHHaJTB h to BpeMa, Kor^a JiHno Marepn 
ciajio TaKoe y«acHo xyjioe h npHHaJio KaKoe-To neaoMHoe 
Boapa^EBHie, Kor;ia ona MarKo oTKjionajia ero JiacKH h He 
noBBo.iajia eMy,— ohb He mofb noHaxb, no^eMy— atJiOBaxb 
cefia, TaKB My^HxejibHU h BMicrfe cb rfeMB xaKT* yTtma- 
TejibHH 6hjih 9TH BOCHOMHHaHia. Ohh JiacKajiH Mancia, «a«c- 
jiymiH jTro6BH cTopoHH ero ocnporfeBniefi jxymn. H o tomb 
Tro6i5 9TH BOcnoMHHania noJiy^ajiH Bce HOByro nnn^y, 6ojibrae 
BCero aaCoTHJica jDca^H FotjihOb, KOTopbift He ycTaBaJTB paa- 
CKaaHBajiB CBoeMy HJieMHHHHKy o hokohhoh h He npouycKajiB 

0H OJlHOi rOAOBHXHHbl, qT06B He HOCfeTHTb BMiCT* CB HHMB 

en MOFHJiy. 

A pflflOMB CB 9THMH BOCHOMHHaniaMH Ha CneHy BHCTy- 

nHJiH npeACTaBJienia coBepraeHHo hhhh, nacToanua mhcjih 



r 



COBJiASHli. 187 

noflpacTaromaro MajiLHHKa, mhcjih, Bt kotophxte> ^Hrypnpo- 
BajiH yHHTejiff, TOBapiim;ii h nocjrhjsM^fi KaHHKyjiHpHaa dKc- 
KypciA. Ho 8aMaH'iHB'6e Bcero, ueno6tAHMO, RaRi> cai^a peajib- 
EdJi XCH8HB, 8aBJia;^'6jiH HiTB mnpoRifl mohtbi o 6yAymeM7>. /I,a, 
BCHKia HeBsroflH h npenaTCTBia, ot-b kotophx-b ohi ocoOeHHo 
CTpaflaji-B nocjii Toro^ KaK-B ohh npoxoflHJiH (ecJiH ohx, nanp., 
ocpaMHJicH nepeOT> omoMT> hjih wh niKOjrb), — Bce 3to b'b 3Th 
CBiTJiHe 'lacH ycxynajio MtcTo orroPl fijiecMmeft ^aHTacTHHe- 
CKOfi KapTHHt 6yflymHXT> jineH. Ohi> anaJTB, hto cnacTBe h 
GJiasa He na;iaK)rB cb He6a. Ho, t^btb He Mente, owh B'bpuji'B, 
^To HacryimrB j^chb, Koraa otcax ^npHSHaieJiBHO noxJionaerL 
ero no njieny h BOCKJiHKHerB: „BpaBO, MOft chht»". H, neco- 
MHi^HHO, HacTynHTB TorB JieBhy Kor^a offB y noAT>*3Aa fhm- 
HaaiH BCTpiTHT-B cTapapo KpyMMa, KOTopHft CO mJiflnofi bi> 
pyKi noAofifleTB k-b HeMy h CKaaerB: 

— 9Toro H ceet, aMctbhtcjibho, ne npeACTaBJiaJi'B, rocno- 

JWH-B BpOOXX, HTO HSX BaCB BH^JieTh HT0-HH6yAB BCJIH- 

Koe. B'B yHHJiHmi bu B'fe;iB 6hjih ojiHueTBopemewrB hqbhh- 
MaHiH... 

YacB oKOJio AH>«HHH OTB^TOB-B SpHCTi* npHflyMaji-B Ha 
cjiy^afi 8ToM BCTp'bHH^ HO HH offzwb ejufi He noRaaajicH eMy 

vHOCXaTOHHO MilKHM'B H no6'feflOHOCHHM'B. 

BOTB Ti KapTHHBI, KOTOpUA 6UJIH 8aTRaHU B'B ROBepi* 

jiyfflH 3Toro MaJiBHHKa. Mnoroe ynacji'fej^oBaji'B oh-b otb narepH, 
MHoroe OTB OTU^a. CM'&iioe cTpeMJieHie Kb bucokhm'b a'&jihm'b, 
rjiyxo 6yinyiomift noTOK-B, b'b myMt KOToparo cjiHmajiacB bo3- 
BumeHHaii itSchb o ^y^jecax'B iiipa h atejianie oBJia^-feTB 3thmh 
Hy;^ecaMH, CTpeMJienie, ocBoOoflHBmee H'tKor^a TepMana Bpooxa 
OTB BJiacTH Tpa;iHUiH ero ceMbH h TOJiKHyBinee ero B'B yna- 
BepcHxeTB,— 8T0 CTpeMJienie h atejianie xchjih b'b 8pHcrfe eme 
ropasAO (Soji'ie rjiy6oKO h A^ficTBOBajra cb eme fiojiBmeS 

CTHXiflHOfi CHJIOfl. 

Ho 8Toro OTei^x ne BHjttJTB. Ecjih 6h oh-b oejia^aJi'B hh- 

CTHHKTHBHOft ^yiKOCTBH) «eHmHHH, OffB 6h, fitpHO, JiyHOie 

noHHMajTB cBoero cuHa. 

TenepB ate, necMOTpa na bck) cbod aaCoTJiHBOCTB b-b jitji't 
BocmiTaHiji naJiB^HRa, onB ho yM'kn'B boKth B'b ero Aymy, He 
noHHMajTB ero, RaR'B nep'^^Ro cxapHRH ne noHHMaK)T7> CBoefi 

-C06CTBeHH0ft K)H0CTH. 

BecHoft Toro roAa, KorAa 3pHCTy MBHyjio HeTtipnaAuaTB 
jrhTb, Bpoox'B iipe;inpHHaJi'B nyTemecTBie h nopy^HJi'B MajiB- 
^HRa (J)peflJiefiffB KHnnx h nacTopy. Oh'b pascHHiHBaji'B cRopo 
BepnyTBca, ho BosBpamenie ero oTTanyjiocB, h bx cKopoM'B 
BpeMeHH CB CeperoB'B JIaro-Majiacope noJiynnjiocB BBB-feCTie o 
ero noMOJiBR'6. Cnanajia MajiB'iHR'B 6ujrB, RaR'B 6yAT0, Hcny- 
raHX, HO Bce-TaRH oepajtoBan-B bthm-b HSBtcTieM-B. Tojibro 



188 "a. * e ;t p b i. 

MaJio-no-Majiy B03flBHrjiacb CTina, KOTopaa snocjiiACTBiH oto4- 
jiHJia ero orb 'MaTepn. Siy crbHy cb OOTHaKOBHM'B pBemeM'b 
B03jD[BHraJiH, KaK-B (|)peftjiefiH'B Kann'b, TaiCB h nacTopi> ^cTep- 
icaMUB. Ohh 3T0 Ji'itoaJiH 6eQ'h noMoin;H npAMO HenpiHSHeHHHX'b 
ptnett, HO HajiBiHKa nosaBJiAJiH h sapajRajiH xa no^i^aBJieHr- 

HOCTb H HCKpeHHJIfl 60H8Hb, ROTOpUfl OBJlBfifbjm 06OHMH nO- 

cj['& nojiy^eHifl aToro HSBtcria. Bx tomi> se HanpaBJieHiH 
nMcTBOBajiH HaMeKH h nojiyrpoMKie pasroBopH, Koropux'B OH-b 
»e jiojiTKewb 6H3rb noHtiMaTb, ho, OAnaKO, noHHMajrb. 

{npodoAOKenie eATbdyerm.) 



T A a 0) y H T). 

OKeaHi> HeAB^rnHMi). Ho Bb cMHTenbH 
3a6'6ji:bJiH cb hojiaha o(5jiaRa, 
PasB'&TJiaflcb, KaKi) pora ojienbH, 
PaajiHBaacb B'b neCt, KaKb ptna. 
J^oroHflJi-b Apyrrb flpyra jierKifi itHpycb *), 
H no EHM-b cTpyHJica cojiHi^a ejiecK-b... 
BeaKOHe^Hbifl o6jiaHHHfi: nanzpycb 
PacRpuBajiCA B'b TafiHax'b apaOecKi). 
JJfiRh noracb, ajioBtme CedAKxaneHb. 
A Kor^a cMtHHJi'b ero saKarb, 
3anaji;'b 6Hjrb KaKB whjihD o^eKaHeffb^ 
II iioAB UBWh aaB'bcy noAHH«irb dLRi>. 
Cpejib oraa h AHMa bjihc Ayxn 
PasMOTajiH KpHJiba Ha^x boaoh; 
BsBHjiHCb BtAbMH— qepHHfl ciapyxH, 
BopoHca HaA'b 6e8AH0H) chjioH. 
BeperHCb! Be* npHBHaKH Tafl(t)yHa, 

H B'b HO^H KpyrOMl) JiyHH KOJIbltO... 

3acKpHiiHTb, aanjiameT'b wh Baxpt mxyna 
H yAapHTb irfeHOH) B'b jihuo. 
HaopBorb na KJio%a 6ypH cHacTH. 
He cnacerb yroAHHKi> HnKOJiafi 
HHKoro orb rHfiejibHoft nanacTH, 
H, KaKi ncH, noAHHMyrb bojihh Jiafi, — 
JIafi H boPl, A^Jia, Tepaaa »epTBH... 
3aBTpa MpaK-b. He zaCtHtaTb cyAbOH. 
Ho nycKafl CAaroxcH rb, ^to MepTBH, — 
CjiaBbTe «H8Hb cpeAb Cypa h 6opb6H! 

A. 6eAopoBi>. 



*) 06jiaKa, npe^BtniaioiAifl B-bxepi. 



<Xopoime> H <njioxie> y JI. AnflpeeBa. 

vn. 

«TBifa» Ai^aren flcHolt, vh ^ewb BHBa ^xopornHxi*. Ohh — 
pocKomB Bi SH8HH. Ohh — ^jsie vh 2BH8HH. Macca ^eJEOBi^eoRafl 
npHHaAJiesHTB vb KareropiH <usQTarbi^, xota b'l AjniarB hzi h 
msB&rh TJiroTbHie ki cxopomeiiy. OrcDxa hx^ spas^a ki «xopo- 
iiiBirb». 9to— BpasAa Hec^acTHiai si c^aciiBBUifB, coipajiJbHO-ifo- 
paibHaro iiae6ca — ki* cooTB^TCTBynn^eS apHCTORpariH. 

• JiDAefl, KOTOpUlTB nOC^aCTJHBHJIOCb OCraTbOi «XOpOinHMH> H «HH- 

Gr£iiiH», He Moryrb He nenaBH^i^Tb jedj^h «ti»miiI», h6o no jcjioBuofB, 

on HHXX He SaBHCHII^HirB, OHH He MGZAU OCTaTbCH XOpOmHMHy dOAOfOHU 

6uAu cTaiB njioxHHH, a, cjrbAOBaTeiBHo (Tasosa jorHRa shshh), h 

yHHZeHHiDIH. 

Bi> npoTHBHOCTB iHcycj BTO HOHHJTB repoS xoioffHoS <Tlmbi». 

Hepesii ABa ahh owb jiflsssQE'h 6iiiii» npHHHTb yqacxie bi» «bha* 
HOiTL TeppopHCTHHecROiTB aRTt:^, — CpocHTb 6oM6y— H OH^ yiiep^ 6h 
csoxofiHO, He sHaa, 510 bch ero shshb 6iuia cnjiomHUM'L npocTyn- 

KOMI. n60 «CTUAHO 6UT& XOpOniHM%», a OH^ BCK) SRHdHB HMCHHO H 

ropAHJicH bthm'b: OTcyTCXBieKi wb ero sbbhh RaRHxi 621 to hh 6£ijio 

MOpaUHBIXl AO^^STOBl. 

Ho BOTB OHi, cnacaacB otb nojiHipr, nona^aerB b'b nyfijiH^HUfi 
ion H cjoiniHrB bto cboHmh coCcTBeHHtiMH ymaMH otb npocTH- 
xyrRH, y ROTopofl noHHrajcji 6hio— coBepmeHHO SeaycntmHO — npo- 

6yAHTB CHMHaTiH Kh Ce6t H JVL TOMy, ^TO C^HTaJI'B A^OICB CBOeft 

SH8HH... Kto ohb? B'b HOifB 8T0 A'^jo, sa ROTopoe owb roTOBii yMe- 
perB? KaRoe oTHomesie m neH bto a^jto HM'berB? KaRoe oTHomeme 

HMieTB Boodle RO BCblTB, RaRl OHa, HSypOAOBaHHBIM'B SH8HBK)? Bce 

8T0, oRasBiBaeTCH, AJfl J[]o6ii He HirberB HHRaRoro HHTepeca. Ha^ 
Toro, wo OHB ycu'ti'B pa8CRa8aTB ce6*: tk)pbm4 cb 14-jrhTHHr6 
Bospacra, 12-iiTHeirB MURaHBH cb lixx nopi no CBiiTy b'b poin 
sBipji, Ha ROToparo BeAercH odJiasa cb ^nnajioM'B, ROTopuS ne xpyA- 
Ho npeABHA^tTB, — oHa 8HaerB canoe rjiaBHoe: owb — ^ejioBiRi 
HffB Toro Bpa2iwe6Haro cocjobIh <xopomHrB», Roiopoe cymiecTBOBajio 
BB lyA^ Bpe]reH^ lyAiu... BoiBme eft HH^ero ne nysHo snaTB. 
lioju». OrxtAB n. 1 




A. B. P * A I» K 0. 

t3moio coBepmeHHO AOCTaroqHo, ito6m y Hea TO.iqeKT> 3a tojihkom'b 
Hasp'bjio (BpeweHHo) 3jio6noe JKeJiaHie BM^maTbca wh saMwceji'B 
€cqacTJiHBii,a»-peBOJiiomoHepa: ooeaopyacnTB ero, oTAaxb b'b pyKH 
nojiimin, 0CTaBHBi> ce6ii po;iL peacHCcepa bi» cMiiiuHOMt $apct yen- 
»ceHiii «xopoinaro». (iV. B. Mw yace oroBopiiJiHCb, ^to 3to Hacxpoe- 
Hie epeMeHHoc. Oho npoxoAHTL 6e3CJi'feAH0, h to o6e3opyaceHie, ko- 
Topoe B'b KOHB['fe KOHii;oBT> JIio6a Bce-TaKH npoAtJiUBaeTb, ue uMThetm 
nuneio odw^aio c& npe^ameAbcmeoM^, ^jia nero ecxb cboh npn^KHH. 
C^ttTaeM'b HyacHUM'b oroBopHib aio, noxoMy hto 9xa .no^pooHOcxb 
ycK0Jib3Hy.ia orb BfiHMaHifl kphxhkob'l, oqeHb BHHMaxejibHbix^ h co- 
qyBCTBeHHbix'b 3ara,a,KaM'b aBxopa «TbMbi»). 



Bet cjiOBa yoiiKAeHifl ocxaioxcfl b^ rupjit, Kor^a npocxaxyxKa 3a- 
Aaex-b rcpoK) «TbMbi> KapAHFajbHufi h piiuHxejibKbifl Bonpocb: «Ka- 
Koe jKe XM HM'tenib npaBO fibixb xopomHMi., KorAa a njioxaa?* 

...JI,aace acajiocTb KaK.T> 6yAxo cBtxHJiacb B'b naAMeHHUx'b 

rjiasax'b iipocxHxyxKH, BApyx'b '^yAOM'b iioAHflBmefica na cxy- 

neHb HeBHAHMaro npecxojia h oxxyAa ci> xojtoahhm'b h cxpo- 

rHMt BEHManieMi) piisoiiAbiBaBineft y Horr, cboiixi. hto-xo Ma- 

jieHLKoe, KpnKJHBoe h aca.iitoe. Yace He cM'Lujiacb ona, h boji- 

Henia ne fitiJio 3aM'brHo, h r.ia3^b HeBOJbHO iicitajib cxyueHCK'b, 

Ha Koxopbixt cxonx'b OHa — xaKTb cnepxy Biiiia-b yMtjia rjiaA^TB 

axa aceHmHHa. 

nopaseHHbifi repofi JI. AHApeeBa p-feniaexTi, nxo ohx> h na ra- 

MOMi> At^t odHsam cxaxb «njioxHM'b». IIpaBna, OH'b «He yMtert^ 

3xoro. Ofl'b KOFAa-xo ycntniHO BbiAepacajT* fiynx'b hjioxh h ocxajica 

Ao CBOHX'b npeacAeBpeMeHHux'b ciAHH'b A^BCXBeHHiiKOM'b. OH'b ne 

npHKacajica, KaK'b 6H6jieficKifi Hasopefi, h K'b BHHy. Ho Bce 3xo He 

noMtmaeTb CMy. «KaK'b cxpaHHo: nyacHO yquxbca 6bixb hjoxbhT)... 

Hy, Aa a cyMiio»,— ofioApaerb OH'b cbok) p'hniHMOcxb. 

njioxHM-b Hy>KHO 6biTb HO HacTOfliueMy, TaKT>, ^To6b^... Oxi, mo-TO 6o;ib' 
uioe H paspymy! A iiotomi, Koriia-HH6yjib, npujiy kt> neft, hjih btj Ka6aK'fa^ 
iiJiM Ha Karopry, h CKa)Ky: leiiepb MHt He ctuaho, lenepb h hh bt, qcM-b He 
BHHoearb nepeii'b BaMH, renepb a caMT> xaKOfl jkc, KaKT> bw, fpjimuu^ tiadunu^ 
vrcHocmHuu... Bce y mchh 6bi.io h yMi, h qecib, h aoctohhctbo, h Aa>Ke — 
crpaiuHO noiiyMaTb— 6e3CMepTie; h see sto h 6pocH;i'b... 

He aceJiaa ocxaHOBHXbca b-b CBoeM'b ptmeHiH BnpeAb 6HXb nba- 
HHn,efi H pacnyxHHKOM'b, KOxopoMy He cxuaho hh b'b KadaKt (?), hh 
B-h ny6jiHMH0M'b AOM-h, hh na Kaxopri cpeAH npo^eccionajiOB'b npe- 
cxynjienia, repofi «TbMu> yqacxByex-L B'b oprin Bcix'b ^Hesanaxbix'b^ 
ofiHxaxejibHHi^'b AOMa. Bo Bpena opria npoHSHocHXTb xocrb «3a naiuy 
f)paxiK)», OT-L «noAJien,OB'b» ao ynHpaion^HX'b ox'b cH^HJHca bokih- 
xejibHo... OAHa hs-l yqacxBHi^t, B'b cepbes'b npHHHMaa xoci'b h 3a- 
aBjenie JlioCm (<iOH'b 6biaT> qecxHbffi, y nero ecxb TOBapHmH, a xe- 



■k 



Wff^^^^^^ 



;[OPOmiE H MOXlE y JI. AHJ^PEKBA. 3 



aepB OHi ocxaHeica co mhok)»), npe^JaraerB repoio — Mtcio iiojroBoro 
y HHX^ B^ «AOMib». 

Mm HHqyxb He xorkJiH 6u myxuTb no noBOAy <TbMU». ^aae to, 
nro B-B Hefl Ha canoMt At^i CMtuiHo — o6hiqHUJi y JI. AHApeena He- 
cypa3HucTH B-L ii3o6paHceHiH — npoH3BOAHT'i> coBC'hMT* ne cMtniHoe 
BneaaiJiiHie, BU3UBaji qyBcxBO, 6jiH3Koe kt* BeroAOBaHiK). To^ho 
6jiH3KiJi BaMi> ^ejiosiKi) norpeooBajiii ovb BacB BHHMaHiH kii cepbes- 
Bouy H BaacHOMy h BApyn> coBepmeHHo HeosHAaHHo paapaaHJicfl 
MHCTH(|)nKai^iefl, ci* TparflqecKofl BnlJuiHOCTbH). 

IIO oQ-b OTOMTi- -nOTOMTi. 

IloKa ;^JIfl Hacb Ba«HO oiMtiHTb, ^to Ha axHqecKoe h JiorHqecKoe 
qy^o, aB.ieHHoe xeppopHcxoM'b, repoHHa «TbMU» oxBiiaex'b BxopuM'b 

HJHOWb. 

TaKTi KaKTb nocjii opriH xeppopHcrb Ao6poBOJibHO ocxaica y nea — 
jae He ott> noJiHi^iu, a am ce6H, JlroSa b-b npHTopHO-canxHMeHxajib- 

HOfi CUeH* (HeH3MtHHaH 0C06eHH0CTb JI. AHApeOBa) CaMa CXaHOBHTCH 

<xopomefi» *), Mc^xaexii hoMth ki> <MO.ioieHbRHM'B, HtsHHifB A'b- 
BymsaMt*, Koxopun ^MyjKooxBeuuo' h CMtao HAyrb no cxonaM'b My«- 
Rua'h H ru6HyT^», KaKi) pascKaauBaerb eii, j[o«a b'b nocTejiif, repoit 

«TbMbl>. 

...BaBOJiHOBanacb ao KpacKH bi jihii% iiohth ao c;ie3i, oti> CTpauiHOfl 
ubtcjiH, 1T0 rb Moryrb ee ne npiiHsiTb. 

— MHAbifl! A OHH npHMyrb MeHfi? 

IlojiyqHB'b yxBepAHxejibHufi oxBtn> (fJlpHMyxTb. ()x«iero ace?»), 
GHa "oGpamaexcH yae c^b fiojiie ptrnHxejibHOtt npocbSoit: 

-- TaKi noAAeMii kt* hhmt,, mhauA! 

Ho y repofl «TbMbr» fljim, 3a HOHb xaK'b aie HaAeacHo uepexacoBana 
AJia uapaAOKca, KaKii h y Jliofibi. Ha npocb6u «oxBecrH» Kb «xopo- 
mHMi>» A*ByinKaM'b («...h yace nocxapaioch*), SuBuiifi leppopHcxx flaexx 
OTBiTB, OTT» Koxoparo ^iioBtjjjo xoJOAOM'b H HeupeooHHOcxbK) aecx- 
Karo uaMHa»: 

— H He noflAy. H ne xony 6biTb xopoiuMMi.. 
Mojinaaie. 

— Ohh rocnoAa,— KaKi-TO crpauHo h oahhoko npoasyqaAi ero roAOCb. 

— Kto?— r.iyxo cnpocHAa AtByujKa. 



*) OHa AO TaKofl cT'^iieHH CTarioBiiTCH ^xopoiu'^fl*, hto ii04bK) o;;ljBaeTaa!.. 

IIpaBAa, 3T0 He M-bmaoTi* efl, KO^;^a ^pHxo;^uT^> iioAnui^, OKaaaTbca ^bt* 
OAHOft TOAbKO CMHToft py^aiDK-b**, HO T'feM'b ue MGHte uoHbK)— Ko.'Aa axo noKa- 
3aJiocf» Hy«HbiMT> aBTopy— OHa o^-^-feBacTca, nepeA'b3mHBT>TeMHOTliHepe3T>AeavaB- 
maro — .crapaACb KaK-b moxho Menbine Kacaxbca', TaKT> KaKi »to y»ce flasHo 
TpeBoaKHTT* ee (,...BApyn> bt, MOAHaniH cBoeiii, bt> tomt*, hto ohi 6biAi> iixi 

TOBapHmeM'b, »CHA1> BM-fcCT* CTy HHMH— nOKasaJICJI eft TaKHM-b CCOdeHHblM'b 

H BSLSKUUii'b, MTO ;^a«e nejiOBKo craAo Ae»caTb ch humt*, xaKi* npocTO, pa- 
AOM-B H o^HHuaTb ero. OTOABHHyAacb HCMHoro H pyKy nojioacnjia aenco, ' 
TaKi», *iTo6u npHKocHOBeHie lyfiCTBOBaAocb KaKi> mo«ho MOHbuie '...). 

1* 



4 A. fi. P « A ^ K 0* 

— Tt, npexcRie. 

H onsnh ivrarejibHoe Mo;maHie... 

HojioaceHie paaptmaeTca apecTOM-L ofioHx-B— h xeppopHcxa, pa- 
AOCTHO pasucKaHHaro desopysHHSfB Ha nocTejiH bi wj6jiJPmowb 
Aou% H JIk)6h, nepeiiojiHeHHo& jiK)6oBbH) r'l yHHseHHOHy «xopoineify» 
MejiOB'bsy, npH apecii paBHOAjniflo pacKa^BaK)ineify rojioS Horofi, — 
coBepmeHHO xaK'L se, saa'B aro 6uBaj[0 cb iHcycoirb Vh «IyAi»> 
Korsa OffB BaAyMHBajicff... Tenept see aio— mojioto cpaBHHTeJBHO cb 
Tiwb fHOBBUfB HeBSBi^A&HflUM'B ysaooM'B» o6fl8aTejiBHaro nepepo^o- 
Hifl, KOTopBifi owh nepeasHJn b'b npeAHAymyK) ho?b. 



VIII. 

PaBHOAymie 6oM6oMeTaTej[fl soMneHCHpyeTCfl, oAHaRO, B086yaB;A6- 
HleM'B J[h)6li. Uocjii Toro Eas'B ofb OKasajicfl uo6i]Sfn!ejLewb wh ca- 
BioM'B cxpamHOM'B Hcn&ixaHlH, B'B nHXK^ yHHseHifi, ROxopyK) 8a6jiarch 
BpeMOHHO noAroxoBHjia OHa cana, eaiiipeHHO oxAaBi 6payHHHrB B'B 
«KOHTopy», — OHa roproerB o xohtb, ^o cA*iiajia... TorAa nepeAB neft 
6hji'b qejiOB'bK^, soxopufi na cioBarB pinraicfl pasA^inxB aojih) 
«nj[oxiirB» Ao nocji'lAHHro npeAbjia, h efi ao HeBifiEUieHOcxH xorb- 
jiocB cefiqacB se yS'^AHXBCH vh xoitb, hxo axo p'bmeme ne Ha cjio- 
BaxTi xojiBKO. yCiAHXBCff, KOHCHHo, 6hjio HO xpyAHO. TaK§e npoAOi- 
jsHxejiBHoe npe6uBaHie B'B «AOMi» manoto HeoSuTOfiHaro «rocxfl>, 
Kaaii OH'B, eABa-jH mooo ocxaxBCJi npoAOJOtamxejiBHOfi xafinoS-AJitf 
^OJIfl^iH. npH xaKBrB ycJiOBiaxB noaeojiumh ce6fl o6e8opysHXB, CA'b- 
jiaxB ce6H He cxpamHHM'B sna^HJio, soHe^HO, oaho: ne oxRaan- 
BaxBCH hh oxb qero, ecjLH oh'b fiyAerB sazBa^eHB, hh otb KasHX'B 
HSA'bBaxeJiBcxB'B HaA'B sajKHM'B h GeBopysHBnfB sparosfB. 

Bee c6bijiocb nojiH'be, ^^wh ona Mooa AynaxB. Ho o6e8opyseH- 
HuS eio qejQioB'bR'B, Bipnufi p'bmeHiK) cxaxB «3KeHHX0M%» vh «eji 
AOJit», xaifB se paBHOAynieH*B k-b cjoBy: <cKOXHHa» hb-b ycx'B 
noJHi^eiGKaro, saE'B Clutb paBHOAymeH'B nicEOJiEBKO qacoB'B xoMy na- 
saA'B, KOFAa oxAaBajx, yjiu6aacB, 6payHHHrB, xoxji hhckoibko He 

BipHJI'B HH B'B eH MHHHUfi CXpaXHEi HH^XB OROJIO Ce6H Opysie, HH FB 

CBOK) o6edneqeHHOcxB oxb apecxa. 

Tenepb ona ropBKO saiterB, hxo ofiesopysHja: <MHJieHBBifil a^* 
saq^M'B se xh peBOJoibBep'B oxAai'B... ^a aa^'biCL se xu 6o]f6y He 
npHHecB... Mm 6h hx-b... mbe 6h hxtb... BC'hx'B>, — bohhx^ ona npn 
apecxi. 

nocjii cjioBa: «mh» ee BaMX'B cb HorB> h ohbitb o qejuoB'^HecKOft 
Ayui'h, BOJiefi asxopa, KOHuaexcn. 

npHBHaeHCH, xaKOBa CHJia «aHApeefiQ^IHlI», qxo hli cb ^cKpeH- 
H'bfiniHMB BOjHeHieifB cji'I^ahjih 8a axofi MOJiqajmBOit sasAoi «ypaBHe- 
HiH B'B apaBaxi»— y aHApeeBCKoft npocxaxyxKH,— sasAOtt, Koxopofi 
Huq'feM'B He.iB3a HanoHXB, KpoM* KaK'B BHAOiTB yHuseHLfl Apyroro. H 



tOPOUtlB K ItJIOXIB y J[. ilHAPBBBA. 5 

vkn oTBpaTHTeibHie, r6H% cjia^el Tenepb, RorAa cTpaHHufi rocTb 
;^arB eft laRoe cTpanmoe ^ORasaTejiBCTBO CBoeft ajibTpyHCTH^ecKolt 
BcirpeHHOCTH — xenepB oHa roTOBa nosipHTb, too xopoinia cjiosa, na 
caMOiTb A'bJii) ^TO'TO sHa^arb... Pas'b eft roxoBu AOBasaTb fnaK^^M^ 
ujrem, ona roTOsa B*pHTb 30 Bce, too yro^HO, a ^aae noflTH — 
EjAa yroAHo («...a yxe nocTaparocb^)... 

KaKOft — cHOBa— KpynHbifl saMHceJTb! h KaKoe flOcaflHoe — CHOBa— 
jMaieHie sauucjia leHAeHipefil 

BiAi» HHqero He HysHO 6hUL0y saE'L ocTaxbcfl b'b paMKaxi ncHxo- 
loiiH, He nepenocfi i^eHrpa TJixecTH b^ aTH^ecKyD o6jiacTb, soTopaa — 
qro HasbiBaeTCjaL — Bp/bch ne npH neifbt IIpocTHTyTKa «TbHii» rpe- 
Cyerb (h AO^HBaeTCJi) orb yjEbxpa-xopomaro ^eiosiKa, ROTopbift 
«noaBaji'&j['B» Wb neft ^ejiOB'bKa, AORasaTOJibCTB'b, too ero noi^tjiytt 
pjKH He nycToft, HH^ero He cTonniift cuMBOJi'b; ^to oH'b Ha caxoifb 
j^A 6ojriberB iioSoBbK) ki TasHSfb, saE'L ona; too OH'b fotob'b Ha 
caMyi) TA2KByi) sepisy Jinmb 6u cHflib cb hoh (padA^^HBi) ysacb est 
coficTBeHHaro yHH»eHiH, nnjiOTb ao crotckhxi HBA'bBaTeibCTB'b jiK)6oro 
noiHo^eficKaro. 

Hy H nycTb ona sioro nojty-neBirhHjieMO ipefiyerbl 3to — itoniiiapx, 
&T0— npe^^ii-b CKopfiH, ho bto— -ncaxoJiorHqecKaa npaeda aa rpaHbio 

npEBbl^HblTb CpejD[HHXl» HOpMli B'B HeJIOBtqeCKHX'B OTHomeHiax'b, — 

npaB^a, soropyx) TaR^ oxotho pasucRHBaerb— h ri ROTopoft npu- 
cjiyniHBaeTca — aBTopx «Tbmh». 

Hto AOca^AHie Bcero, bto — too aBTopi* b4ab h ctohtb na no^Bt 
HHCTtftmefl ncHXOJioriH, nocROJibRy pi^cj^em^, nocKOSbKj uaoffpao^aetm^ 

nOCROJDbRJ JSmfiTb niOTH H RpOBH AJLSl CBOOft ^opMyjibi. 

Ho eMy BToro Majio: eMy Hyacaa RaRi-pas-B 4)op]fyjia; eny nysen'b 
6jETh npoTHB^ bthrh; eMy nysHo y6ibAHTB Bacb-— hjih ce6fl ^epesii 
BacB — ^iTO ^eJiOBtqecTBO 6oj[BHO yse 19 s'bROBX mopujibhoctbk); eMy 
HyxHa ^pasa, jD(OJiseHCTByK)ni;afl ease^b BTHqecRift nosap'B BxyMax'B: 
«KaKoe TBI HH^eniB iipaBO 6bitb xoponiHMX, Ror^a a nj[oxafl?» — 
Pajq^c Hea ofb npHAyxBiBaeTB h «npecT0jrB», h <cTyneHbRHJ>, h (f)eepH-^ 
^ecidt ano^eoBi. 

Bu6pocBTe Bxy npeciOByryio ^paey ciyneHBRaxTb npeciojia hb-b 
«Tbmh> h nepefffB BaMH — noAUHBHaa xpareAifl b'b «AoporoM'B» neTep- 
SyprcKOiTB noAiOMi MicTbl OcxaBBxe ee, BcnoMHHxe neft fb ca- 

MOITB BOJU^DH^BM'B MOMeHXt «TbMH» ,— nepOA'B BaMH TOJIBRO napav^ORCB! 

H Ha HanrB bstsskl vb «TBMi» 6oiiBme Bcero hmbeho asTopcRoft 
TparexiH. B'B saMHCJii to, ^to aojdbho 6u «rjiaroJiOMi 2ce4B», a B'b 
XOCTHseHiH to, too BBiBiiBaerb BpeMonaMH nacMiniJiHByK) yjiH6RyI 

B'b caifovB Kkxb. 

KaKOBa 6u hh 6Hj[a npo6j[eMa, nocTaBJieHHaa ce6i aBTopoM'B, — 

SOnpOCX OTHOCHTeJIBHO XyAOSeCTBeHHOCTH HOHBdiSHO CBOAHTCH Rl) 

cAjijiomfiuj: 

YitajiocB JiH aBTopy bohjiothtb ee? y^aiocB ar eMy sarHnHOTHSH- 
poBaxb BacB cyn^HOCTBio cbohx^ o6pa80Bx? yxajiocB jih eMy sacxaBHTb 



6 A. E. P * A L R 0. 

BacB noBtpHTb, qTO nepeflt BaMH aHByrL, cTpa^aiorB, ABaacyxca, 
ocK(»p6MK)rB H jiio6flrB— He $HKiiiH, a qejioBiqecKifl cymnocTH (peajis- 

HHfJ HJIH CHMBOJIHqHWfl)? Bx qaCTHOCTH OTHOCHieJIBflO «TbmH»— 3T0 3Ha- 

n^Th: YAHJiocL jih asTopy cAtjaib npieMwieiiLiMH: aTH^ecKoe qy^o 
iiepfipo»;^eHia repoa «Ti>mli» h OTBtxHoe ncHxo.ioraqecKoe qy^o 
reponHH? — 9mo 6ujio 6u Ti^eThnwb H^AOMt — yace co cTopoHLi iHia- 
Te,iiJi — H amozo Tperbflro qy;^a wenpoiicxoAHT'L. — KamAHfi pas'B Korfta 
Bu nHTaexecb npH6jiH3HTbCfl MHCJibro r\ jnojiflMt, aBHBmiiM'b nepeAt 
B;iMu 8TH ABa ly^a, nepe^nb BaMH oKaBUBaexcH ntqxo uoxo»ee ho 

MBOHOB'B r. MHHCKarO. HHKaKHM'b yCHJiieMT) MUCJIH BM He B-B COCXOfl- 

Hiif rrpHHyffHXb cefia MucjiHXb hx'b, itaK'b xoxijiT. 6u afixopx*. 

B^ caMOMTb jsj^jifk, nonpo6yfixe pasofipaxbca bT) xomt>, noneMy 
4tpa3a: ^cTUjifio 6uxb xoponiHMT>», xaKx jierKO onpoKHHyjia HaBSHHib 
Bcw acHSHb lejiOBtKa, cjioacHBHiaroca h MopajibHO h HAefino... 

II jh: nonpofiyfixe BHacHHXb 0664 odjium jKenmaHbi, npoBoarjia- 
cuBiirefi 9xoxT» «HOBufi, HeHBBtAaHHufi* axHqecKifl yjKacb? 

rioKa BH qnxaexe nepByio nojiOBHHy paacaaaa; noKa co6Lixiji 
TOJibKo eme naapiBaioxx*; noKa sa hhmh ne qyBcxeyexca HHKatuix'b 
npioHaKOB'b npofijieMH, — xpy^Ho ocBoSoAHXbCH ovb mnHoaa qero-xo 
Ha^ptBaiomaro: orpoMHaro h yrposaBomaro. 0;^Ha 3a ffpyrofl npHXO- 
jisiTh HyaHHfl H yetAHxejibHbia noApo6HOCXH (yBuI 6bixoBbiaI); OAHa 
3a jpyroft nopa6on;aK)x% BHHMame h npHKptnjiflioxi* ero k-b xy^o- 
jfiecTBeHHofi cxoponi pascKasa — kt> AByni* $axajibHo cxojKHyBmHMCfl: 
MimiAT> H — npe»Ae Bcero — kt* axofi aceHn^HHt, Koxopaa «moiioxoM^» 
(eti caMoft cxpaniHo, npfe sceM'b ea SynxapcxBi) roBopflTX>: «Borb-xo 
BtiAb xoae xopomifl*, a cqacxjiHBueB'B-«xopomHX'b> ona nenaeudufm. 

BaMt acent xoxt» pa3Hoof)pa3Hbifi noxoK'b ocKop6jieflift, KOxopuM^ 
oHa oTBtqaexT* na BUAyMaHHHfl <xoponiHM'b» non;ijiyfi ea pyKH— nocjit 
noxBajiB6u — nepeA'B nefl ace, npocxHxyxKofl — CBoefi CesrptmHocxiK) h 
HHCToxofl, BHJioxB ^0 HesHama aceHn^HH-B: 

.,.XBacTaTbC)i ciOAa npHuie/cbl Kpacory cbok) noKaauBaTb! JXa hto Hce tu 
CO MHOK) At;iaeuib, j\a HecqacTHasi me n! 

Ona TpncJia ero aa n;ieMH, h en TOHKie najibuu, OKHMasicb h paaiKHMancb 
6e3ci>3HaTe;ibHO, Kax-b y koiukh, uapanaviH ero rfejio cKsosb pyCaiuKy. 

— MeHUUiiB-b He 3Hajii>, noaneu-b, Aa? M sto mh* CMteiub rosopHTb, wHt, 
KOTopyio ectb MyjKqHHW... em... Fjit me y Te6H coetcTb, mo me tw co MHOft 
At;iaemb!.. 

Ho BaM'b npHXOAHTca y6t;^HXBca, qxo bbl HHqero He noHHMaexe, 
Kur^a repoft, pacaaHBaacB (no-npeaneMy necypasHo) b'b xomt*, qio 
0Hi» Ha caMOM'B ;^4JIi «KpacoTy cboh) noKa3MBajn>», roxoB'B saoaABXb 
upocbfiofl: «...noxyfflHXB oroHB», cb noacHCHieMii, qxo oht* npociirb 
9Toro — «fljia cefiaD. 

— Axi, HeroAflRl Bo>Ke moH, KaKofl we tw HeroAJift! 

OTBtqaex^ npocxHxyxKa, pa3o6paBniHCB bt> cymnocxH npocB6u repoa. 
II BSM-B cHaqajia Kaacexca, qxo hmchho axa toxobhocxb (MHHMaa) no- 
TjmuTB oroHB — tfl^a ce6a» u BusHBaex^ ea npoxecxT>. 



V 



xopomiB H njioxiE y jk. ah;(peeba. 7 

OttasHBaercii — Hixx. Ona BoaBfymena, ^to oh-b xo^eTTi orpaHM- 
qHTbCfl OAHOKpaTHocTbH), BOFfla xpeCyeTCfl —BO hmh paapymeHifl xo- 
poraecTH— MHoroKpaiHocTb h flaae nepMaHeHXHOCTL b^ TymeniH orna. 

H oHa BQOJiHt yAOBJieTBopeHa, Kor^a repott iiocjit HtKOxopux'B 
KOieoaHiJI aajiBjiflerb, qro npHSHaeT'B «MHoroRpaTHOCTb» a'^jiom'l eceU 
CBoefl oyAymefi »h3hh. 

Kto »e OHa, axa oBJio6jieHHafl HeHaBUGTHHi^aG«iacTJtHBi(eBi-«xopO' 
mflix, Kor^a oaa njoxaa^? Koneuo, ho npe;^GTaBHTejibHHua HopMu, 
r. e. orpoMHofi MaccH «jiH)Aefi vh loxMOTbflxx, naxnyu^HX'b noTOMi> ii 
ropeM'B», — MaccBi, Koiopaa b'b aRaasA'b ^yscofi cbatocth 6poAHn> no 
MOHacTupflMi>, 3a TMCfl^H BepcTb yxoAUTB Ki jLioAflM'L npe^nojiaraeMaro 
pejiHrio3Haro noABHra, kx jiioAaM'B, y EOiopHxi* npeftnojiaraeTca to, 
uero Hirb b^ HopnajibHofl xhshh, — npaBOAHecTb h JiH)6oBb Kh Bory... 
Bu AO^iscflLi npHHflTb ee B'B Ka^ecTB'b 6yHTapH, aa KOTopuirb CTonrB 
caMii aBTop'b. dro, xaK^b cKasaxb, «onuo3Hipfl» otb SHByn^Hxii B'b 
ero HHCJiH o6paaoBi. 

Ho xor^a Kas'b o6i>flCHHXb, hto sReniUHBa, sacunaBinafl ocKop6jie- 
fiiiiMH sa OAHO no^oapiHie, qxo qepea^ Hee xotaxt* «cnacTHCb», 
corjaraaexca na axo, KOXAa 6om6hcxT) Ha^aBjiHerb HairtpeHie riepna- 
HefiTHO «TyinflTb oroHb» HaA'b ea nocxejibio h nepnaHeHXHO npunn- 
Maxb yqacxie b-b opriaxi*, hxo6u cpaBHaxbca cTb Hefl, cb «Mep3aBi;aMn 
H noAJKei^aMH» h CH^HjmxHKaMU? Paaat axo Moacex^ 6uib cpoactbom'b 
cxaxb «iuioxHM'B» H cpasHHinhCH CB HHMH? Bt^b 8X0 »e caMufl qxo 
HH Ha ecxb HaApuBi), noABHFB, xpncxiaiiCKoe yMepmajieHie ropAUHH, 
HaaoBHxe itaK^ xoxHxe! Bi^i* bto acKoxH^ecKoe «cuaceHie» cjiy»H- 
lejeft «xopomaro» Bora qpea^ BHAHMyio craCeja^? HtM'b, nanpnMtp'b, 
3X0 oxjiBqaexcfl ox^ corpibBaHiji cbohm^ xijioirB npoRaseHHaro, o koxo- 
poiTB paacEaaBiBaexcji B'B'iiereHA'b, 2 KOxopoexaR'b Boaicyiiiaio cBOHifB 
Ha^pbiBOM'B MBana KapaMaaoBa? 

EcjiHJlR)6a no yxoHqeHHocxH axH^ecKOfi mhcjih cnoco6Ha (Btpnie, 
Aojiacna 6uxb cnocoGna) Ha xaKjio (|)pa3y, Koxopyro eft BJiaraexT» b^ ycxa 
.1. AHApeeBi, xo ona, ecxecxBCHBo, He uoTRGVh ne BH^tTb, qxo ea Heo6Bi- 
qaflHBifi rocTb, M3'baBHB'B coraacie Ha HeMe:^JieHHyH) opriro, hs'bhbhji'b 
coriiaoie xojibko na caMBifl xaaeiibifl i^pecxT> nai xixi*, Koxopue ohi» — 
no ero cjioBaiix — npHBUK'B hochtb na cnHH-h, a ne na met... Ho 
oj^ — BOjefl aBxopa — axoro He bu^hxti. 

TojibKO npHxoA'b nojiHi;iH cnacaex^ ee oxTb jiBHaro HeOHxiH, Kaax 
JJH^HOCXH. II60 Hxo — Ha caMOM'b AtJi*— cxajia 6h A^JiaTb na aaempa 
repoHHH «Tbmh»? Ocxajiacb 6bi B^ iiy6jiHqH0M'B aom*? hjih ymja 6br 
Kb <xopomHM'B», KaKi coOHpajiacB jifi apecxa? Ho xor^a, KaKOft 6h 
oTBixB OHa AaJi3i Ha BonpocB Apyroft KaKofi-HHfiyAB JIbo6h: «KaKoe 
Tu BMteuiB npaBO... h np.»? HaaiJia 6bi ona npaedy h JiorHqecrifi 

CJH'hlCM B'B aXOMT* BOHpOCt HJIH OTBCpFJia 6u H XO H APFOe?! 

Ente 6ojibniee qy^o y peBoaioaioHepa «TbMH». Owb xojibRO vh 
nepByx) MHHyxy omejiOMJieH'b, a aaxiM'B, B'B npoxHBHOCXb ^Hxaxeaio, 
Bce HaquHaerB noHHMaxb. 



8 



E. p •» ;^ b K 0, 



Kx HeMjr npeATbflBJieHo Tpe6oBaHie He 6htb xopoiDHM'B.— Jl^ axoro 
HenocTaTOHHO MexauuHecKu npoji.'iJiHBaTii Bce, ^to nojaraeTca mo- 
zHMt. J^jw BToro HyacHO nepecTpoHTb cBoe BHyrpeHHee BJieHeme, t. e. 
BemH, KOTopMfl BHyinajiH eny oTBpameHie, noJiaHH nepecxaTb— 
OTHHHt — BHymaxb OTBpameHie... Tpe6oBaHie kohotoo, cTOJib xe 
HcnojHHMoe, KaKTE» ecjTH 6br orb nero noipeCoBajiH, hto6h nepecxajTb 
HpaBHTbCfl TSfiirb, EOTopLifi HpaBHTCfl; nepecTajH 6uTb npurrHuim rb 

CJiyXOBbLH HJIH BKycOBUJi O^yH^emH^ KOTOpblfl 6UJIH npiflTHlDIH H T. A- 

Ho repoft AJMaerb, ^to 9to BosMoaHO, ecjiH ^Hay^HTbca^,.. 
mui> ae Moano ofixacHHTb bto qy^o y 26-ji4THaro ^ejiostKa — Aa 
en^e B'b TaROfi cpoKi., KOTopbifl MeHbme Maiaro? 



IX. 



EcjiH noKpHBHTb Ayniofi Bb nojn>3y aBTopa, npon^e Bcero npexno- 
jioaHTb,qTorepofl <TbMbi» npocxo ne yMem.—JJL^iLK eioro ecTb MHoro(itaay- 
nuixcfl) ocHOBanifi, 66jierqHBmHx^ ajih KpHXHKOB'b sa^a^y hohhh aHiA. Fe- 
pofl «TbMH» coBepmaerb h roBopHTb AOCTaxo^noe KOJraqecTBO Hecy- 
pasHocxefl. H MejiKHXi. n Kpynnnx^, naiKHafl cb pacxBaJLHBamji catforo 
ce6fl nepeA'b npocTHxyxRofi sa npnifipHO HpaBCXBeHHyH) ansHb. Qwh— 
^Aaaecb HaAMeHHOcxbio» — pascKasbiBaex^ efi, htoohi — A^BcxBeHHHK'Bf 
xoHHO He roBopHTb BepeBK* B'b AOMi noBtmeHHaro — oaho h8i 
npaBHjL'b, npoxHE-b KOTopHxi> OHT* npHoacb 6oM6y. A noxoirb caMO- 
yMHJieHHo i?hjiyerb eft 3a Hecnacxbe pyay h aojito HeAoyii'tBaeT^, 
no^eny DpocxHxyxKa aa bxo ^onojiHHxejibHoe — B'b ea riasarb — ^hbji^- 
BaxejibcxBO oxBtqaerb o3jio6jQ[eHHo8 uomeqBHoS. &b tosbmsLWh xpy* 
AOM-b OH'b HaKOHeui'b AoraAHBaexcs, qxo— «6bxb MoaexTb» — ocKopSm 
«aajiocxbK)». Ho BCJiiAi* 3a. axnifb OH'b cefiqacb ae — BucsadbiBaex'b 
nepeAi> npocxuxyxKOfi ajubxpyucxH^ecKitt icaRCHM'b, qxo OHa crasofl 
ae qejiOB'bK'b)), RaK'b h offb, ne noHHifas — no BHAHMOMy — hxo B'b ero 
cjLOBax'b HOBoe ocRop6i[eHie, xaK'b RaK'b «xaROMy ae qejiOBiRy» hhbto 
He cxaHerb AORaauBaxb, qxo OH'b «xaROfi ae qejiOB'bR'b*. 

Ho xaKoe npeAOOJioaeHie, xoxa h npocROJibSHyjio vh co^yBCTBen- 

HbDCb RpHXHHeCRHXb 0X3bIBaX'b «TbM'b», Moaex'b 6UTb ocHOBano 
XOJLLKO Ha HOAOCXaXOHHOfi BHHMaxeJIbHOCXH H R'b aBXOpy H R'b 

^TbH-h. 

Fepofi «TbMu» HHqyxb ne coMHiBaexcji B'b CBOefi yMCXBeEHofl 
o^apeHHocxH h o cBoeM'b yMHb BcnoMHHaerb npes^e Bcero, ROXAa 
nepeqHCJLflexT» Bce, qxo OH'b roxoBi fipocHXb no^i hoxh npocTHTyxRt: 
« . . . H yM-b, H qecxb, H AOCXOHHCXBO H ^aae— cxpafflHO noAyMaxb — 
eescMepxie . . . » 

He coMH'i^Baexcfl, rohohho^ B'b axoM'b h aBxop'b. H6o RaRas ae 
xpare^ia Ayxa (hjih— xoxa 6h — xparnqecRifl napaAORCx) noaexi wAnh 
CBOEM'B repoeiTb rjiynaro qeios'lRa?! 

Ho (Tb /^yrofi ci^poHbi b-Ia^ OH'b B'b SyRBaJEbHOirb caracjrb He 



XOPOmiB H nJIOXIE 7 JL. AHAPBEBA. 9 

flaxoj^HTX HE OAHoro ciOBa b'b san^dxy cbohxi chmbojiob'b B%pu, 

PW EOTOpHX'E Ct nOJiyA*TCTBa KOieBajI'B no TIOpBMaM'B? 

B'B npoTHBHOcTL qHTaTCJiH), OMj coBepiueHHO He RaaceTCfl ahkoA 

canafl ^pasa: sasoe tu HH'bemB npaeo 6bitb xopomHBfB, Kor;^a a 

nj[oxafl? B'b;^ cb laRHM'B se JiorHqecRHM'B ycn'bxoM'B btb HOMy Morjo 

/ 6uTB npeji^flBjieHO HeorpaHH^esHoe rojhhoctbo 3anpocoB'B, bujiotb ao 

Boopoca: Rasoe tu fiMieniB npaso 6bitb Hys^HHofi, Ror;^a b seH^HHa? 

Ho repoK) BonpocB Rasexcfl ao xaROfi cxeiieHH ecTecTBeHHHM'B, ^to 

owh He Bsg^aercfl xota 6BI npomudonoyk7;^Ki>uci^ BonpocoifB (ecjin 

BOBMOseHi Bonpoci npaBi 6bitb xopornHMi^ to ecTecTBeHi h 

BoipocB npasi 6bltb «iijioxhii'b>), t. e. HnierB jih owb «npaBO» 

npeBpaxHTBCJi b'b npononi^y h saBcerAaTaH ny6jiHqHHX'B aomobi? B'b 

H8o6paseHiH JI. AH]Q>eeBa y repon He Haxo^HTca a^h btofo HHRaRHX'B 

coicHtHift. B'B H8o6paseHiH J. AH^peesa oh'b cpasceH'B chobum'b. 

HeH8BftA£USH£urB ysacoirB», h tojbkoI Bca ara nyraHHi^a 6um fiu 

CK0XbRO-HH6yAB noHflTHa, ecjiH 6u repofi «Tbmu> mopb 6htb npn- 

AaBieffB coBHaHieM'B, mro 8a «Mep3aBi^aMH h noAJtei^avH) ctohtb een 

Ta Macca ib'b jioxMorBflXB, naxHyo^HX'B iiOTOifB h ropeM'B», no Bupa- 

seniD r. CeprbeBa-Q^encRaro, pa^H ROTopofi oh'b shji'b h o ROTopofi 

o;^Hoa AyiiaffB jip — BOJiefl aBTopa— btoA nocjrhAHeS hoto. Ho h btofo, 

Rone^HOy HirB... BoiieH aBTopa oh'b npocTO He ^i^oss&ewh cnpaiuHBaTB 

cefin: o RaROMi npaerb coCcTBeHHO p-liB? o upaecm6ennoM%i Ho 

cRSBusaTB ce6fl so hmh HeuMibntH npana b'^ab sto h snaHHTB 6eitb 

fX0p0mHMl»? B'b^B 6UTB ^cHJOXHIfB^ 8T0 H BHa^HrB — He C^HTaXBCH 

ci> rftiTB, HMiemB jih npano hjeh ne HM'bemB?.. KaRx se oh'b MoserB 
c^HTaiB ce6H A7nieBHO-ypaBH0BimeHHB[Mi» cb cnQAJiei^aMH, nepsaB^ 
itaMH», ecjH xaEi cxpaniHO cBHauBaefB ce6a cosHameM'B npaBCTBen- 
Haro xapaRiepa?.. 

YbhI Bch TaRie BonpocH am repoa «Tbmh» — ^otb AiaBOJia cyiB*. 
Owh He xo^ePB 6ojiBme hh AjnaxB, hh coMffbHaxBca. Oh'b mopb ycoM- 
HHTLCH B'B GBoefi tvpomjioik npaBA'b) HO He B'B Hoeou. ][fia. xofl 
7 Hero wkrh HHRaRHTB onpaBAamfi, jlm axofi — HHRaRHX'B coHH'bHifl. 

J[K)60iniTH0, qXO CTOHTl^ TOJEBRO OXfipOCHTB HpHBHTBlS RTi «TB]rl» 

BonpocB npaB'b sth^hocxh na 6BiTie^ h nepe^'B BaMH no cyn^ecxBy 
SHasoMBd MOXHBi: doeedenHuH do KpaHnoemu ncnxoaorn^ecRifl Bapianx'B 
23'b noRaHHHaro nepioAa B'B Hcxopin pyccRofi HHxejiJiHreHiijiH: namojW' 
zuHcexaH napajueJiB R'b xoicy dtnuHecKOMy co8HaHiD, Roxopoe yace 
aacxaBjflxo ROXAa-xo «xopomHX'B> HcnoB'bAiJBaTB typaBHenie b'b npa- 
Baxi» BHJOTB Ao MaRCHMa: My«HRa ctRyTB, nycRafi h HacB ctRyxx! 



10 A. E. P ft A b K 0. 



'^ 



X. 

Co CTpaHHHBTL HeffoyMtmeM'B cjiiAHTe bh, KaKii KpynHtfiraifi hst* 
coBpeMeHHHX'L xyfl;oaHHKOB'L npeneSpesHTejibHO oTBepTHBaerca ort 
Toro, qxo MOPL 6h, h HHTaexca co3i^aTb to, ^to SescHJieH'b cosAaTt: 
rnnHoat npaB^H b% «TbMi>, na^HHaa ct <HeBHAHMaro npecTOJia*. 

Owb caiTB OTEasHBaeToa ofi'LacHHib to, qTo paacKasMBaerb: 

BbiJio j\H TO 6e3yMie, KOTopoe OB;iaiitBaeT'b HHorAa laKt BHeaanno caMUMu 

CtlJlbWbiMU U CnOKOUnUMU yMCUHU, HJIH AtflCTBHTeJlbHO — nOAt BH3n» nbflHOfl 

CKpHOKH, Bi cTtnaxik ny6;iHqHaro AOMa, noAi* ahkhmh napaMH noABeAeHHuxi 
r;ia3i> npocTHTyiKH — oht* orKpujii KaKyjo-To noc;i'kAHioio yjKacHyio npaBAy 
MCHSHH, CBOK) npaBfly, KOTopoft He Mor;iH H He Moryrb noHHXb Apyrie Jitom. Ho 
6biJio jm 6e3yMieM'b hah 3AopoBbeM'b yMa, 6biAo am Aowbio hjim npaBAOf! hoboo 
noHHMaHie (?) ero — oht* npHHSA-b ero xsepAO h 6e3noBopoTHO... 

A ^ajibffle? — C'est le premier pas qui coQte.— repofi yTBepAHJica 
BT) cBoeM'b BTHqecKOM'b OyflTapcTBt, nomoMy nmo wb nepBufi paa^ wb 

3KH3HH niHjn> KOHbaK'b H npHTOMT* ES'h CTaKasa, XOTfl, KOHe^HO (9TH- 

qecKifl dynrb onbflHiBinaro HeMHoraro cTOHrb), He nbHHiji'B. Xoia 
HHJi'b B'b nepBufl pasi* b'l acH.sHH h npHTOM-b list CTaKana, sa qio 
H 6HA'b BOBHarpaacAGH'b: Jlrofia cBcnpHrayjia Ha Hero h CTajia ^y- 

niHTb KOpOTRHMH, RptHKHMH nOIlijiyflMH». 

riHA-b OH-b MHOrO, HO HC IMtAtilT., a 4T0-T0 ApyrOC npOHCXOAH.lO BTb HCMl, 

mo npoH3BOAHrb ueprtdKo btj AfOAHXi. TaHHCTBCHHbifl H CHAbHufi aAKoro;ib. 
ByATO, rioKa OH-b nHA-b h MOA^aA-b, BnyrpH ero npoHCXOAMAa orpoMHad paspy- 
uiHTeAbHan pa6oTa, 6bicTpafl h tAyxan. KaK-b 6yAT0 see, hto ohi* y3HaAi> bi> 
TeHCHie )kh3hh, noAio6HAb h nepeAynaA-b, pa3roBopbi cb TosapHmaMH, khhfh, 
onacHan h 3aBAeKaTeAbHasi pa6oTa,— 6e3iuyMH0 cropaAo, yHHMT0>KaA0Cb 6e3- 
CAihdHO, ho cawb OHT* orb aioro He pa3pyuia;icj*, a naK-b-TO crpaHHO Kp-feni h 

TBepAtAl. CaOBHO Cb KaHCAOf! BblliHTOfl pIOMKO^ 0H1> B03BpamaACH K-b KaKOMy- 

TO nepBOHanaAy CBOCMy— K-b A^Ay, npaA'feAy, kt* rfeM-b cmuxiuHUM^^ nepBo6uT- 
HbiMi> 6yHTapHMi>, AAA KOTopbixi> 6yHim OblA^ peAUiieu u peAUiiH—OyumoM^. 
KaKi AHHioMan KpacKa noAi) ropHHefl BOAOii— CMUBaAacb h 6AeKJia KHMHcnaH 
HyoKdaji MyApocTb, a Ha MtcTO en BCiasaAo CBoe (?), coSciBeHHoe (?), ahkoc h 

TCMHOe, KaKT> rOAOCb caMOJi MepHOft SeMJlH... 

Hero, qero Tyrb Hirtl H TanHCTBeHHaa pa6oTa cHAbnaro anKO- 
rojiJi; H aTaBHSMi* cTHxifinaro 6yHTapcTBa; h «6yHTT»-peAiirifl»; h 
«pejiHria-6yHrb»; h KHHacHaa qyacAaa My^pocTb; h «caMaa qepHaa* 
seMJui; H 6e3yMie CHAbHMX'b ynoM^; h ahkIh qapH ^0ABeAeHHhlX^ 
TAasi) npocTHTyTKHl... ABTopi* AaJKe safiHAt, nio ona nepeA'B t^mti 
Aofipwe qeTBepTb qaca pH^aja. yrKHyBniHCb jihl^omt, wh aoAyuiKy, 
qTo He MOTAO He OTpasHTbCfl BpeAHO Ha ^cqapaxTb noABeAeflHbFX'b 
rAaBT**. 

3a6HA'B oSt) DTOM'b coBepmeHHO TaK'b ;Ke, KaK'b 3a6MAi>, qro ero 
repofi, cnacaa cepbeanocTb 6yHTa, ne AOJiaien'b 6ha'b iibantTb, h qe- 

peST) HicKOJIbKO CTpaHHII.'b rOBOpHTb npHSHaKaXT., B'L KOTOpMXl) 

BbipaaiaACfl (no-yTpy) «He coBctMii e^^e npomeAfflifi xMijb*. 



jr^' 



xoPomiE H njioxiE y Ji. ahapbbba. 11 



XL 

HiaKx, B's HTori:— KaRofl 6u Bonpocb bh hh nocTaBHjiH; kx 
ROMy 6u BU HH o6paTHJiHCb: Ki» repoHHi hjih aBTopy; Roro 6u bu 
HH noHHTajiHCb noHHTb: repoeB-B hjih anxopa aHTHBXH^ecKOfi npo- 
6ieM&i — BU He nojryqaeTe HHRaaoro OTBixa h HHKaKOfi bosmoshocth 

MHCJTHTB TO, qCMT* BB.Wb pa3CKa3UBaeTCH. 

H^MX ae 3T0 oetflCHHTB? OqeBHAHo, o6'BacHeHie MoaceTB 6htb 
TOJbKO oAHo: pasptniH xy^ijoaHHK'L cBoeny reporo xotb oahht. h31 
nepe^HCJieHHux^ BonpocoBi* h coMHtHifl, orB Bcero aTH^ecKaro fiynia 
He ocTaHerca nn^ero K-poMt nycToro Mtcra h pasjierbBmeficfl hujh. 
A OHi HMeHHO amoio h He xo'ierB. Ewy coBciMX He HysHLi Bparn- 
4py3BH, KOTopux^ OH-L pascKasMBaeTL. (H Kattt no cymecTBy Ha- 
nuH^eHHO-xojiOAHo, HecMOxpa na «cTyneHbKH» h «npecTOJi'b»I) Eaiy 
OHH HyacHH He saK^b jioah, a saK'b chhbojtu npo6jieMbr «(TbMbi»... 
PaffH nea ohi noaepTBOBaji'b BctMi*, oto ecTb uinnaro bx ^TbMt^ 
H orqacTH bx «IyA4», OTOABHHyB^ Bce axo na Bxopofi njiaffb; pa^n 

HBH CKOMKaJIT* H HpOBpaXH-Tb BTi aHeKJ^OXX BCe, KX qcMy npHKOBU- 

Baji'B BHHMaHJe; pa^H nea nocjiaji'b cBoero «BH;(Haro 6oM6HGxa», KaKi^ 
i^apb pa6a bt» ♦Anqapt*: 

<H 0HT> nocayniHO B'bnyxb noxeKi*, h Kiyxpy B08BpaxHJic4i...» ct 
xewiaHHUM'b AOKasaxejibCTBOiTb, nro vb RHHacHofi MyApocxH He Bce 
oCcTOHTB ojiaronojiyqHo; 4x0 qejOBtqecxBo h xenepb, KaK'b 19 b4- 
KOBTb HaaaA'b, Sojitexi, ne qin^ HHHM'b, KaK'b nepeorfhHKofi axH^e- 
cKoS ^HCToxw: He mhhmoA qncxoxH .iHr^eM-bpoBi bx «IyA'fc», a caMutt 
no;tJiHHHofi H npoapaqHoft, KaK'b B'b ^TLM-fe*. Ona h BHHOsaxa bx* He- 
OAoaHMOcxH »H3HeHHoft xbMu!.. B'b KHHraxx MoHcea ynoMHflaexca 
qHCToit npoKas'fe. BxHqecKaa qncxoxa, no JI. AH^peeBy, xaKaa ae 
npoKasa, xojibKo saMOjiqaHnaa KHHSCHofi Myji;pocxbK). 



XIL 

Pesyjibxaxbi HCKanifi aBxopa «IyAU> h «TbMbi» HaraiH nefijiaro- 
npiaxHyfi) ou'feHKy B'b aHxepaxypHoft cpe^t (nanp., ^B-fecbi*), rjsib 
Sehnsucht aHXHaxHqecKaro nepecMOxpa Morb BcxptxHXb naHfiojiie 
coiyBCTBeHHwft npicM'b. ToBopHJiocb p'feaKO Hej^ocxaxKt y nero xa- 
jaHTa A-aa xaKKXi aa^aq'b, KaK'b B'b cly^it* h 4cTbMt». 

Hto npo6jieMa fiynxa ocxajiacb, ^ificxBHxeJibHO, no xy cxopony 
xy^oacecTBeHHaro BonjomeHia, axo, KaK'b mh bha^Jih, K'b coaaj-feHiio, 
HecoMH'bHHO. Ho, KOHe^HO, jijkjLO He B'b HOAOGxaxR'b xajianxa hjh, no 
KpafiHett H'6pi, ue mojibKo B'b o6biqHofi ^jia JI. An^peena AHcrapiro- 
HH^HOCTH ero Bemei, 

OcHOBHaa npH^HHa — b'b caMOMi sanbicji'ib: Aaxb co^HHenHaro, a 



1 



12 A. E. P ft A B K 0. 

He ^HafijiiOAeHHaro qejOBtKa h AofiHTLca, ^toOh iHiaxeJib noBipHji'B 
B% I Hero. 

M. FoptKift npaBHjfcHO oifiHHJii tockj coBpeMeHHaro qojOBiqe- 
cTBa no rapMOHiH 6hn:is. h nosHanifl, c^lJiaBi o^hoS hb'b aa^a^'B 
cBoero HejoBtEa: «HafljH rapMOHiro Meac^y cofioft h MipoiTL, b-b ce6i 
CaMOM'B rapMOHilO C03jDtaTB». yji;oBJieTBopHTB Biy TOCBy bobmo«ho 
tojibko b'b a6cTpaKE(iH h b-b CKasKi. 

jlnpHK'B H ny6jiHiXHCTi» Mozytm sasAarb rapMOHH^iHOCTH Aymn; 
MoryrB Tpe6oBaTb ocBo6oacj^eHLff orB BHyxgeHHHrB aojjiHBifi; MOdytm, 
ecJiH xoTflrB, «6yHT0BaTB» h xpeSoBaxB noxycxopoHHOCxH ;^o6pa h 
3;ia, HnqtM-B B'B xy^osecxBeHHOM'B oxHomeHiH ne pHCRyji. Hnoe 
A^Jio— xy;i;o3KHHK'B'H3o6pa3HxejiB, KOxopoMy HyacHO BH;^4xB cBoero na- 
nepeA'B 3ajaiaHHaro nejioBtKa, nyacHO sacxaBHXB ero xo;^hxb, hhtb, 
'l^cxB, 8Jxo6cxBOBaxB H j[E)6hxb, HH^iMx He Hapymafl «6yHxa> s no- 
GxaBJieHHofl aBTopoBfB npo6j[eMu. Jl^jia xasofi sa^a^H He XBaxnxi hh- 
KaRoro xajianxa h no caMofi npHpo;^ sa^a^H Kasoe yro^Ho AopsHo- 
BeHHoe HOcxHseHie ne H36aBHX% XYji,oJREiiKB,-U3o6pa3umeAJi ors ne- 
lajiBHofi cyAbSH co3AaxB bm^cxo CBepxqejioB'iKa J^ByHo^a^o sepe6i](a, 
KaKT. y r. Apn;H6anieBa, hjih rpy^y JiorH^ecMx^ npoxHBopi^, saKi 
y jI. AnjipeeBa b'b a^hhomi cjij^djb. Bopo^eiTB, B'b^^ h caifB nepBO- 
fiynxapB HHii,nie, KaK'B xojibro nepemejn opb SeaiHRHX'B thmhobi 
B'B ^ecxB cHJiBHaro h rapMOHH^Haro, sa Heflii'bHieirB Jiyqmaro o6pa- 
3a AJifl 3aRpi^njieHiH CBoeft Meqxu, npHHys^BBx 6ujFb oCixnTb Han- 
6ojrle oxBa;RHaro (B'B cHJiy 6e3HaKa8aHH0cxH) npecxyoHHsa cpe^H 

PHHCKHXB nepBOCBHHieHHHKOB'B. 

Menie Bcero, Eone^HO, axo yAHBHxeJiBHO oxHocHxejiBHO xaRoro 
3eMHopoAHaro cEiHa JiHxepaxypu, saRi asxop'B «IyAu» h «Tb](bi>... 
Bt^B Bce, ?xo ecxB B'B Hnxi ii;6HHaro, nacRBOSB nponnxaHo ne tojibko 
peaiHBMOM'B, HO H 6hxom'b. noApo6HocxflMH OH'B HOJiBsyexcfl xaE:B se 
y6'bAHxejiBH0, RaR'B CxaHHCJiaBCRifi B'B HexoBCRHXi» nocxaHOBBazi. Do- 
npo6yflxe ox^axb ce6i oxqex'B, hxo y Hero cHJiBHie: ^epsH nofl^ ^e- 
penoMx, ROxopBiMH OH'B BacB nyraerB B'B cxeiiaxi <9Ch3Hh ^ejiOB'bKa^, 
HJIH oxBpaxHiejuBHBifi BOJiocB B'B HocxHoiTB Hacjii Ha xapejiR^^ cb sap- 
xoHiRofi, Roxopaa $HrypHpyerB «B'b TyMaH-h*? Hjih tto CHJiBHie nepe- 
AaexT» 6e3yqacxH0CXB «nporpecca» r'b ^ejiOBiqecROMy ropiD, RaBB He 
8XH BJieRxpn^ecRiH jianno'iRH b'b «TBM'b», aBXOMaxH^ecRH saxHraio- 
miflca y nocxejiH, Tjxjb aenmBHofi 6yAyx'B noJiBsoBaxBCH, RaR'B BemBW — 
Ha paBHux'B npanax'B cb dJieRxpn^ecRofi JiaHno^ROfi? IIpocMOTpHTe 
BCK) 3aRJiK)qHxeJiBHyK) cj^eny €Tbmu>, h bu yd'bAH'reeB, qxo ca- 
Moe neoxpasHMoe b'b neft ho 6yHX^ sa rpaHBio mmcjih h xyj^oaecxBen- 
Haro HafijiioAeHiH, a caMMft qHCXocepAeiHBift fifiixTb, npRO peajiHCTH- 
qecRia noApoSHocxH— B'B po^* BOHJoiefi Jiysn no^^ RpoBaxBD,— ro- 
xopLiH HyacHH aBxopy, 6e3'B EOXopBix'B owh He MoaexB ofiofixHCB. Owb 
roxoBi saMy^HXb cBoero repoH, BacxaBHB-B ero Ra^axB rojiofi Horol bo 
BpeMH apecxa. Hna^e RaR'B cb exofi noflpo6HocxBK) oh%, o^eBHAHO, ne 
^durm nepeA*!) Go6ofi nejiOB'bRa, nepesHBaion^aro xsaRRiji ATkh, a 



xopomiB E njioxis y jl. abapbeba. 13 

noTOMy H sacTaBJuerB ero pacKa^HsaTB Horolt qyiB ne 1^/, ^aca: Boe 
Bpeiffl, noKa ;iyMaen>I 

ABTOP& «Tbmu» — peajiHCPB h Qutobhbii ho tojibbo BOJiefi, ho h 
H6B0iefi... ^ase vh yibTpa-cHMiiJiHij^HniHpoBaHHyK) «JKH8fib», Heaa- 
hItbo jifis Hero, 6uTh npo6pajiGfl, bi o6pa8'fc orapyxH-KyxapEH ner- 
BepToll KapTHHu. npo6paicfl h — HysHO or^aTB eiiy cnpaBeAUBocxb— 
CB "^ecTbJD onpaBAai'B CBoe caMOBOjiBHoe 6uTie, cA^iaBi au «aHffpeeB- 
mHHU» Bi nBeci 6ojiLine, ^m Bcb newkjipuuB crapyxH^ pa^H ycrpa- 

meHlil SpHTeU B3BH8rHBaDIl4fl H XpeCKJEHBO CMtnmiJICA. 

H BOTE aroTB-TO sen HopoAHidt xyAOSHHK'b Aoises^ ■ xonetm bbjitb 
Ha ceGfl saAa^iy nepexacoBaTb arH^ecRyi) npHpoxy ^eiOBivecRot Aymv, 
sa&i KOJioAy KaprB: 

Hto ^epHo— to 6yAerB 64jio, 
A qro 6*jro— TO ^epio... 

nepenpoeKTipoBaBi Bcero ^ejioBisa, Kasi bto A'hianrB toxhheh cl 
ycTapifiBiHMH noGTpoltEaMuI 

Bifh npH KapHRaTypHocTfl, BOTopaA y aBTopa — vlto HasuBaeTCA — 
B'B spoBH, TOJiBKo cAepssa, HaxoAHMafl vb HafijDAeHiH, Moserb 
CMjirHHTB rpyfiocTB ero oGpasoBi, npHAaBi hitb — ecjH Tasi mosho 
BupasHTBca — HBBicTHyn MyaBiRajiBHocTB. (TenepB oh'b ^acTo ony- 
maeTB, a He aacraBJuerB ciymaTB). 



xin. 

Vbwb o6'BflCHHTB ycirbx'B «M0AepHH3Ma» B'B coBpeM6HHot AHTepaTypt? 
ABa^ifaTB jAvh OH'B GeaycnimHO Ao6HBaj[CH npHBHamH h BApyrB OBa- 

aaiCfl ipHaHaHHNM'B. J|,Ifl OAHHXI BTO-«-peBOI]0^iOHHBl& npHdHaK'B, AJKfl 

ApyrHxi— peaRi](ioHHiit. HaicB saseTCH, hto jiBJieHie HicROJiBKo csowl- 
Hie, H KuovB vh HeMy — B'B $aKTis, hto cnpoci Ha MOAepHacTCKyD 
jiBxepaTypy coBnan na RHHasHOM'B puHRi— RaE'B HBBicTHo— c% ycH^ 
jieHHiDrB cnpocoiTB Ha npoH3BeAeHiH Hay^Hot uTepaTypu (HecoMffbH- 

HOfi HJ^HHOCTH). HySHO AyHaTB, HTO H B'B TOITB H B'B fi^JTOWb CJiy^at 

MH OAHHaROBo HiffteM'B cHpocB— HO cymecTBy — Ha BHaHie, na noiHa- 
Hie HiH, RaR'B TenepB roBopHxi, nocTHacenie. 

?T0 Tasot cnpocB ua sHanie ecxecTBeH'B vh Hopy RpymeHin Bce* 
BoaMoasHBixi HBAeacA^, npornoaoB'B, a cb hhmh BMicTi h cTapBix'B 

aBTOpHTeTOB-Bj-rHOHHTHO CaMO C06oft. 

Meffbe Hcna lom^ecRaH cbhbb MesAy HHTepecoirB r'b nayR'b h ri 
noGTHxeHuo OAHOBpeiieHHO. JIoraqeoRoft cBflaH 8A:bcB, o^cbhaho, h HirB. 
3aTo ecTB Ta acHaneHHaH cbji8b, ROTopan aacTaBJuieTi JiDAefi oaho- 
BpeiceHHo o6pan^aTBCfl h r'b Hayqnofi HeAHiiHHi h r'b BAOXHOBeHHOMy 
anaxapcTBy. 

HMeHHO noTOiiy, hto Bce RpyroM'B cmuiogb « RaR'B UHD^aH RpacRa 
QOA'B FopHHeA BOAOft>; BHHMaHie o6paTHJiocB Ha r^Th, RTO ABaAOjaTB 



14 A. E. P ^ J^ B K 0. 

.rhrh 6e3ycn'fecrrao (bto j[^7Re oco6eHHO bjiikho) yrBepHCAa-iT), mo Bt 
HXT* pacnopjiHceHiH HOBoe noHHMame; ^to ohh bhuhtI) BemH HHaqe, 
n'kwh Apyrie; aHaiorb «H3Hb HHaqe,.^4M'B cBct*. EciecTBeHHo, qxo 
R-L o6jiaji;aTejiflMT» HOBoft hcthhh npe^'B^HBJieH'L aanpocB h o6pameHQ 
Tpe6oBaHie — noKasaTb ee. H Bce fiyjiymee hobhx'b hcthh'b (h6o hma 
HM'B JierioH'B) saBHCHTb OTh Toro, cyMiioT'L jih oh4 o6Hapy«HTL CBoe 
npo^Hoe 6i>iTie; BUAepacai'B jih nepeKpecxHuft ;ionpoci> cKenrnqecKofl 

MHCJIH. 

TaKOBH — Ha Hannb bbtjibji^ — npHqHHH ycntxa HeJ^aBHHx^) OTBep- 
»eHHbix'B Bt pyccKofi jiHTeparyp* h laKOBH yciOBJa coxpaneHifl ycntxa 
3a HHMH Bt 6ynymeMT.. 

Ct 8Tofl To^KH sptHii! npe;i;cTaBJiHeT'L uHTepeci* npocjitj^HTb 8Jie- 
MeHTH M0AepHH3Ma y lajiaHTjiHBififflaro hst. coBpeMeHHHX'B 6yHTapefi — 
J. AHApeeBa. Hto Aajn> eny M0AepHH3MT> h hto ott. nero bshji'l? 

^tjo, Kone^HO, He btb ero «HenpmTiH Mlpa». 

Oht* nHKor^a He npHHAMajit Mipa, ji;aace Tor^a, Korji^a ero nura- 

JIHCB nOHHMaiL, KaKt OOJIll^HTeJIH OTA'bjIbHHXT> HeyCTpofiCTB'b Bt KOJI- 

jCKTHBHofi 2KH3HH. H xenepefflHee Henpiaxie uosKexx, 6mxb hobo, ko- 

He'IHO, XOJIBKO no $aKXHqeCKHM'B HaCXpOeHlHMTb, B-B ttOXOpHXl OHO 

BBUiHBaexcfl, HOJiyfjaH xyAoacecxBeHHyK) (|)opMy. 

Hoeoe MH H UHXaJIHCB npOCJl'feAHTB CO BCefi OCXOpOHCHOCXBIO, KT. 

Koxopofi HacB ooaatiBajia oxBtxcxBeHHOcxb sa^aqn, — Ha ^Byxt Kpyn- 
HLixx» Bemax'B, npHBjieKuiHX'L Kx, ceSi niapoKoe BHMMaHie qaxa- 
xejefi. 

Hoeoe bx ero toxobhocxh npunaxB, KaKOi (|)aKXX., ynynj,eHHBifl 
<icKHH;KHofi MyjtpocxbH)», qxo 6jiHa;atimee 6yAymee HecexB qejOBtqe- 
cxBy cepBe3HBiH HaMtneHLfl KaK'B pa3x» b'b xofi ofijiacxH, Koxopyro 
Boob cquxajiB Hanoojiie aacxpaxoBaHHofl He xojibko oxx* peBOJiK)i^iH, - 
HO H ox'B KopeHHofi 3B0JiK)i^iH. TaKT) KaK'B 3X0 OHCH^aHie 3XHqecKaro 
o5HOBJieHia, nepecMOxpa Mopa.iH, qxo Ha3iJBaexcj!, pasjiexo bx bo3- 
j^yxt (Aase SKOHOMHqecKifl MaxepiajiHSMT) ne Mtmaexii axiiM'B npe^- 
qyBCXBiflM'B), xo oho na jihi^o h y nero. Oho ;^affie eMy 3aq4M'B-xo 
uyofCHO, 

KaK'B oxpa3Hjiocb 9x0 na xyii;oacecxBeHHoft i^4hhocxh '^ly^u* h 
«Tbmh^, mu BH;i,tjiH. BesX) pHCKa npeyBejiMqeniji mohcho CKasaxB, 
qxo B'B HHX^ MHoro H ivbHHaro, MHoro h HOBaro, ho xo, qxo rciHHO, 
xo He HOBO, a qxo hobo, xo— HuBan a3Ba na H3o6pa3HxejiBHOM'B 
^ap'h JI. AHApeena: cboh 6e3JiHKie oSpasM oh'b j^ojiHcen'B oxpanaxb 
oxx> CBoeS co6cxBeHHofi mbicjih, oxx> en CKenxHqecKofi npoBtpKH co- 
BepmeHHO xaKX., KaK'B repofi CepBaHxeca ^ojixceH'B Shji'b oxpaHan 
npoqHOCXB cbohx'b ^ocn'bxoBi)! 



lopomiB H njtoxiE y Jt. ah^febba. 15 

XIV. 

(Post-scriptum). 

Eawb noHTH ne iipHinjiocb roBopntb o HOBOMii y A. An^^peeBa 
B^ odjiacTH $opMH, T. 6. o&b aBOJiioi^iH K'B «iiiBa6pi», KT> nucbMy 
niBa6po:&, no KpacoTOOMy, ho HH^iyrb ne npeyflejinqeHHOMy BupaKeHiro 
r. ^yKOBCKaro. 

Tocnoj^cTByromiM nuwh MaKCHMi., ^to a^a xy^oacHHKa caMoe BaacHoe — 

apKO paSBHTb CBOK) TBOpqeCKyiO HH^^HBHffyailBHOCTb, onpefltJHJi'B fl,Aa 

A, AHj^peeBa jihhIh) HaHMeHbmaro conpoTHBjreHia. 

Ero o6uqHaff naKJioHHocTb, HaqHHafl cb nepBHX'b «e Bemefl, rt> 
KappHEaTypHOMy 6e3yj^ep«y b^ H3o6pa«eHiiix'b, Hani.ia btei rocno^- 
cTByromeM'L MaKCHM* h cTHMyjrB n onpaBAaHie. BnjoTb ao «raBa6pH». 

Ho KUK-h HH COfijiaSHHTeJIbHO 6hJI0 6m npiiCMOXptTbCfl Kh TBOp- 

qecTBy JI. AHJ^peeBa HMeHHO cb axoft $opMajibHofl cTopoHH, naMt He 
npHfflJiocb 3Toro CAtJaTb. —BoJieft-HeBCiefl na nepB^fi njiaHT* BmcTy- 
naerb xa HCTHHa, Koiopyio Hin;en> xyAOHCHHKi, xa «xaiHa», Koxopyio 
OH'b pacKpHBaexT>, h xo «nocxHHeHie», cBo6oAHoe oxt» xpa;i;HipH h 
KHHacHofi MyApocxH, Koxopoe OH'b oetmaexT*. 

Bojiefi-HeBOJiett HHxepecB ki co^epxaHiio a^bbxi co6oid HHxepecb 
Kl) ^opH'b. 

TiMT. HeoaH/naHHte h ap'ie, KoneqHo, pesyjibxaxi 3xo8 B036y«;^eHHofi 
BHHMaxejibHocxif, Korja iHxaxejrio npHXOAHxcfl y64itHXbCfl, ixo oxt» 
;^eMGHOB'I> KHHffiHOii HLTjiH HHKOMy HO yflxH H MeHbHie Bcexo ymej'b 
caM'b aBXop'b «TbMU»... H6o ^xo xaKoe (|)HJioco(|)ifl «TbMH> h qxo 
xaKoe caMa tTbMa*, Karb He KOMMCHxapifl na xckcx^ ort HHi^me: 

.IToucTHHi^, He Jifo6jiK) a MHJiocep;^Hbix'B, CjiaweHHux'B b'b cocTpa;^aHiH 
CBoeMT,: cjiHmKOMt yace JinmeHU ohh cTUAa". 

Hxo npeACxaBjiaerb «CBoe> h «co6cxBeHHoe» b% «TbMt», KaKx. 
He xojKOBaHie axoro xeKcxa: h6o «xaK'b roBopiiJi'L 3apaxycxpa> — b'b 
raafit «0 MHjiocepAHux'L*? 

A Boxx, xcKCXM oxxyAa ace, o6n;ie h fl^jia «TbMH» h ji^ia. ^ly^u*. 

0, 6paTi.H MOH, Bt cepAUa ;;oupiJx'B h npaBe;^Htix'i> Boasptjit Toit, kto 
CKa3ajii>: „3to (})apHceH*. Ho ero ne noHajiH. 

Bt> koui> HaH5oJii>inafl onacuocTb a^h. 6y;^yn;aro ^e;iOBtKaV He B'b ;^o6- 
puxi> JiH H npaBeAHUxik? 

P<i30eiim€, pa^iOeiimc MHtb doOpuxn u npa6e^uux^ *)!— 0, 6paTba moh, uohhjih 
AH BU TaKace h aro cjiobo? (.0 CTaptixx h HOBtixt eKpHwajiaxT>"). 



*) lioAHepKHyTO y Hnmue. 



^'g: *,"".' ?"^'r^'v 



16 A. E. p s ;^ B K 0. 

HaROHei^B saMiTHjiH jiH BU, TOO Jl. AsApeen, stoitb Macrepb 
cBoeS co6cTBeHHOt Bu^yMKH, KaicL-To HeoGu^aSHo nepentseffB ' vb 
«TBMt>? npHruABTecB H B£i 76iAHTecB, TO» JI. AHApeeBi b% Heft 
qyTB TOO He JI. AHApeeB'Bl HeHHoro otb aBxopa «UaHa» (shhboa'b ci 
seHCKHMH nanrajioHaMH, soropBUi repox) npe^JiaraeTCii Haj^bTB); o^eHB 
HHoro orB aBTopa rpymeHBKH vb «BpaTBflrB KapaMa80BB[X'B» (JlD6a 
^ase roBopHTB, KaK'B FpymesBKa ^ocToeBCsaro) h eni^e 6oiBme otb 
aBTopa Kara MacjiOBoft. Bijijt> ci^efla nocjii npocB6u «aoT7iiiBTB 
oroHB»— cii,eHa hsi «BocKpeceHiH» bi TiopBMi, sorxa Hcuioaokb 
BaHBaaeTB o cboomi sejiaHiH seHHTBCH na MacjiOBoft; cioBa: <...to 
paac^HTUBaJi'B: OT^aifB efi neBHHHOCTB, h oiroro, to*o ox^ajTB, ciany 
fl enie HeBHHHte, h nojiyqHTCfl j mohh Bpo^iy Kasi 6u «HepaBMtH- 
HBifi py6iB»— 8T0— nepH^pasa MacJiOBOfl: «...th mhoA xo^eniB cnac- 
THCB... TBI mhoS b'b 8Toft SH8HH ycjiaa^^ajcfl, MHOft ace xo^emB h Ha 
Towb cBtii cnacTHCBl..» KaK'B Ha KypBesi yRasEeiTB, tox) repoHHX) 
JI. AHApeena soByrB TaK'B se, saRi sBajin Maciosy fip nyfijinqnaro 
AOMa; HTo y JI. Toactofo repoHHK) paBBpan^aerB nHcaxejiBy a fb 
«TBiii^» JlK)6a dojiBme Bcero HenaBHAnrB nHcarejiH, soToput «xo- 
AErB» Ki Heft H «noAiei^'B». 



8th Bair&TKH 6111H yse HanncaHBi, KorAa b'b ne^aTH 6umm cjs/b- 
jiaHU yftasaHiH na TasiH se coBnaAemji cb JI. Toictbimi h ^ogto- 
eBCEHM'B h B'B HOCJiiAHeft Ben^H JI. AHApeena: cPascsas'B ceMH 
noB'bmeHHB[X'B». 

OTM-kTHJTB 8T0 T. HyjIKOFB! 

no npieuaMii MacxepcTBa bx «Pa8CKa8i ceMH noB']bnieHHurB» 
JleoHHA'B AHAepeeB'B 62Hse Bcero hoaxoahtb e'b JiBBy TojcTOMy. 
B'B HHUxi qacTHX'B noBicTBOBaHifl ecTB HBHoe coBnaAenie cfb 
TojiCTBUfB. TaK'B, HanpHMip'B, y ToicToro $a6pHqHuft, Koxoparo 
BOAyi^ Ha KasHB^ «b'b ysact OTnpBirHyjrB» h saKpH^ajTB, KorAa 
AO Hero AOxponyjiHCB; y JleoHHAa AHApeeBa oahh'b hb'b npHTOBO- 
peHHUx'B (BacHJEift KamflpHVB) <KpHRHyjrB npoHSHTeiBHO, OTAep- 
THBafl pyKy», OAsa saHAapicB cjy^aftHO KOcnyjcH ero; $a6pH^Huft 
y ToACToro «cxBaTHJ[Cfl 8a IlBepa» h ero npHnuocB TamHiB 
noA'B-MHHiKH; Ahcohi y JleoHUAa* AHApeeBa <cxBaTHicH sa pyqsy 
H npHfluiocB OTAHpaxB ero pyKy HacHJBHO>. 

diH HCHXojiorHHecEie MOMeHTBi — yasacB npH npHKOCHOBenii 

Eoro-TO Apyroro «nocTopoHHHro» h cTpeiueHie oxBaTHTBCH ca- 

MOMy 8a ^TO-To, yAepsaiBCH, «npHiHnHyTB> — HacToftiHBo noA- 

qepKHBaerB h JIcbi ToicTOfi h JIoohha^ AHApeeBx. 

KpoMt dToro coBnaAeniir, r. HyjiKOB'B omiqaeTB en^e h apF^^ •• 

y B. BpK)C0Ba ecTB CTEXOTBopenie «^eMOHarB iiHJiH», acHByni^HrB 

Ha niKa$axi, «npHTaiiBniHCB, KaK'B 3B%ph>: 

...eABa pacnaxflyrcfl AsepH, 
Ohh Apoxcan, 



HSl OBB^BCTBlHHOt SIBHS HA JKPAHHft. 17 

B3MeTByTCfl, KaHsyTCfl.... 

Jifiuouu r. BpK)coBa— o^eHB csy^Hue AeiioHU, ecjiH cy^HTb no 
cTHxoTBopeHlK) T. BpDcoBa. Ho cpew Bnrb, HecoMvbHHo, eoTb u 6oii»e 
Beceiue, bio noAmyTHBmie Ha^'B aBTopom «Tbmu». BiieTHyBmHCb, 
la^HyBmHCb, ohh paB6epeAHiH nujib Ha khhshoA nojiKi h CAtjiam 
181 8Tot niUH nyroBOAHsft CTOJiirb b'b o6iTOBaHHyH) seiuK) cBoOo^HOfl 
luciu. SacTaBHiH Hanflcaxb na Tescrb orb Soparycrpu h BHymniH 
lemyTO^yD ysipeHHOCTb, ?to bto tcBoe — co6cTBeHHoe», AftJiexoe 

OTB AeMOHOBl KHHXHOt HUJIH H «KHH8H0fi ICyXpOCTH»! 

H JI. kEM^eevb, kohohho, He cocxaBJijien HcuD'ieHiH b% btom'b 
OTHomeHiH. Hig^'b ApyraMH a^xohu wftAVb eme sjiie. 

A. E. PiAbHO. 



H3Tb odmeeTBeHHofl «h3hh Ha YKpaHHt *)• 

EcTb sair&'^aTeibHaii yKpaHacRas a^Ha, asTopcxBO Koropott y^e- 

HHMH HBCJrbAOBaTeUHH CBHBLIBaeTCfl HHOFAa CB HMBHeM'B TOFO HJH 

Apyroro bb'b HCTopH^ecKHZ'B A'^reJiett yKpaHHU. IIoB'bcTByeT'B oea o 
<9aiK'6-He6orl», CBHBmeS fhIbao h BUBOAmeft Abxett b6jih8h pacxo- 
seS AoporH, igb BCHKifl XHXOHAynpt lerEO iioserB ynHHTosHTB Bct 
en TpyAu, Tgi noMHHyrHo rposarB onacHocTb ho toabko i^octu 
rffbsAa, ho h shbhh x^Tet. 

Ofl xiTH, aIthI Ae Bacb noAtrn? 

Mb yenl BTonHTHCb, w a rops ydBTHCb?— 

Ba» oT^aflHiH BocKJ[H]][aei-B neo^acTHafl MaiB npH bh^ onaoHOcxett 
CO Bc%rB cxopoffB yrposaDH^HX'B efl npHcxaHHmy h cenBi^. 

Yxe cxapiie yKpaHHcsie HcxopH&H BHAbJiH b'b sxoS nicwb ajue- 
ropii), H8o6pasaK)niyD, sas'B BBipasaexcH aBxopx cHcxopin PyccoFB», 
«cxpa2wyn^yD h E0ie6jieMyi) MaiopocciH)». H A^ttcxBHxeAHO, Ewbifb jle 
I'HJH He Hif&jrB B% BHAy 6e8UMeHHLifi aBTopinicHH yKasaHHyD ajue- 
ropiD, HO xasoe TOJncoBaHie nonyjLapnaro npoHSBeAeHin 6hjio ohohb 
coSiasHHxejBHO. Bi caMom jsjbjA — HcxopH^ecKaa cyAb6a YKpaHHu 
H en Hapo^a b'b cHJibHiflmet cxenenH HanoMHHaerb siy xjisejiyD, 
HeoCesne^eHHyH) shshb cyn^ecxBa npH 6oJibmofi Aoporb, B'bqno noA- 

*) B'B opHrBBaat upeAJiaraeMafl BHBMaHlK) HBTarejui cTaTbii npeji^HasHa* 
^ajmcb aBTopoiTb AJUi o^floro Ha-B yKpaHHCKBX'b cGopehkobb, ne yasA'^Bmaro 
cvbTa, 6jiaroAapH rocnoji^cTByroiiiefi xenepB b'b npOBHBi^iH CBoao6pa3Hoft cbo- 
6oAi» nenaxH. 

IlOAb. OTAtAl 11. 2 



"*/^^ 



'^ 



18 C. E O P E M B X. 



Bcpraiomarocfl onacHocTHMii wh CHJiy caMaro cBoero nojiOHeHin. Bce- 
BO-iMOSHue HepHHe KjioSjkh, TopKH, BepeHfl,tH. neqenirH, iio- 
*iiGBrt;w, TaTapH, BesrpH, nojiflKH— oji;hh 3a ^tpyrHMH «Bci iipoMejibK- 
Ejiiu nepeATj HaMH, Bci no6uBajiH Tyn.>, na aioft oiKptiTofi co Bcfcxx 
cTtipoH'}:, He 3ainHmeHHoft riJiomaj^H Bxeqeme AO.iraro mecTBia yEpa- 
HHCKaro Hapoii,a no HCTopHqecKOMy nyia BHpa6oTKH (J)opMT> rocyj^ap- 
niienHofi acHsnii. BntmHiiM'L oGpaaoM'L 3aK0H«iHJicii aTOTi* nyxb, KaKT> 
MM i^HaeM-L, /loSpoBo.ibHUM'B iipHcoeAHueHieM'L yKpaHUW B'b 1654 rojiy 
Kfh MocKOBCKOMy ii,apcTBy, H CT> 3Toro BpeMeHH YKpaHHa SHBeTL o6m,efl 
ro( yii,apcTBeflHofi JKHaHLio cb ocTajbHMMii MacTflMH PoccifiCKOfi HMae- 
piiJi coxpaHjia npH aiOMt cboh nanioHajibHHfl oco6eHHOCTii bi> BH^t 
H3iiiEa, HpaBOB'b, ofibiqaeB'b, KyjibiypH h t. n. Cnaqajia 6e3C03Ha- 
TtMbHo H naccHBHo, a saTtM-b — btj oco6eHHOCTH BTb nocjii;i,Hee BpcMii — 
Bce 6oR'ke H.6oji'fee cosHaxejibHO h aKTHBHo CTpeMUTca OHa OTCTOflxb 

UpaTHB-b HHBeJIJIflTOpCKHX'b nOHUTOK'b BCepOCdfiCKHXT) H,eHTpaJIIi3aT0- 
pOai* 8TH HaiI,iOHajIbHbIH $OpMU COScTBeHHOfl 2KH3HH H pa3BHTb HX'b 
AO TOrO ypOBHfl, Ha KOTOpOM'b OHt MOrJH 6bl B'b DOJIHOii Mtpi yAO- 

B.ioTBopiiTb Bct KyjibTypHbie sanpocH h uoTpeSHocTu yKpaHHCttaro 
RtipuAa- Bte» aioMT), coocTBeHHO roBopa, H 3aKJiH)qaeTCfl Bce SHaqenie 
Tat:'!. HaijMBaeMaro yKpaHHCKaro ABnacemfl, cTaBHniiaro cBoeti saAa'iefi — 
np^BpaTHTb HapoAT* bt. cMHCJit STHorpa^H^ecKOM'b B'b Hai^iro Bt noji- 
HOM'b SHaqeHiH aioro ciOBa, Bp-feuKyK) cbohmti caMocosHaHieM^ u abh- 
rnjomyiocfl cboiimt> GoScTBeHHUM'b iiyxeM'b, ho kt* xofiace n,tjiH, EaKaa 
cioiirb M npeA'b ApyrnMH HapoAaMH namero o()maro oie^ecTBa, — KTb 
('Bo6oA'b, c'lacTbK) II nporpeccy. IIpeAcxaBHTb cxeMy pasBHxia 9xoro 
caMoco3iiaHiH oxi> ero hcxoahoiI xo^kh h ao nocjitAHaro BpeMeHH, 
ynai^axb nyxn, KoxopHMH oho npoHHKajio h npoHHKaex^ B'b HapoAHua 
Hiiucbi, H cocxaBJiflerb saAa^y Hacxoiinj^aro oqepKa. Tporaxe;ibHHft 
ofipas'b «qailKn-He6orii» ct> ea MaxepnHCKofi xpeBorofi h onaceHiflMH 
oa yqacxb A'kTcfi npeACxaBjiflexT) oneHb yAaqHO cxBaqennoe n Bbipa- 
jKCHEoe noAo61e yicpaHHbi bx, oh npomjioM'b u A^ace Hacxoa^^eM'b, h 
npH AiiJibH'hilDieM'b HSjioaceniH, uo Bcefi BtpoaxHOcxii, He pa3'b 6yAerb 
npnEOCHXbCfl OHX) npeA'b qaxaxeJieMTb. Ho Kpafineii M^pt, npeA'b asxo- 
poMT» B^b npoii.ecct paSoxbi HeoxcxynHO cxoiiJi'b axox^ o6pa3'b Cb ero 
repecTRott }Ka.io6ofi Ha xpyAHua o6cxoaxejibcxBa A*ficTBHxejibHO 
oTiinnHHaro nojioacenia, AOxoAHBiuaro iiHOPAa ao nojiHOfl, Kaaajiocb, 
Ge^iiHiaxoAuocTH. Kt> cqacxbR), BbixoAX) BosMoacen'b... 



I. 

CyAboa YKpanHbi, co BpeweHH npHcoeAHHeHia nocjitAHefl B'b Moc- 
HoiiCEOMy niapcxBy, npeAcxaB.iaexca xiiuuqecKoft no^xa ji,jis Bcferb 
JipacoeAHneHHbix'b k^ MocKBi o6.iacxefi ex. oparHHajibHofi (3[)H3ioHOMiefi. 
yKpaHHCKlH HapoAT), cxoaBUiifi B'b xo BpeMa Ha nopori CBodoAHofi 
ajM^nn ii ({>aKXii4ecKH nuJiaobaBUjiiica iiecbMa At^Moupaxu^ecKiiMH 



H3'B OBn^ECTBKflHOfi aCH3HH HA yKPAHH'fi. 19 

yqpeiKA^HiHMH, npomejii ^ojirift nyxb oieHb cjioaHoft SBCiioiiiH ii mart 
3a fflaroM-B nojpco^^HJH k'b tomv nojiosseHiB}, Ha KOTopoM'B BMtcrh co 
BC*MH Hapo;^aMH poccittcKaro rocyAapcxBa 6u]Vh aacTHrHyrL H3BicT- 
HUXH coSuTiflMH uocTfej^nflro BpeneHH. YnoMflHyTaii 9B0JiK)i^ifl CKa- 
SHBajiacb, rjaBHtiMt o6pa30M'f», bx tomtt, qro iiepBOHanajiLnHft upyrt 
aBTOHOMHUX'B npaBT* cTaHOBUJiCfl Bce yace, ciaSa^ BHaqajit cBA3b ex 
neffrpoM'B Kpiujia, i^eHxpajmcTH^ecKaH nojiHTHKa pyccitaro npaBii- 
leabCTsa Bce 6oate h fioabe coKpamajia ofitesTb MtcTHux^ ocofien- 
lociefi wh ynpaBJieHiH ii Bce 6jiHae K'b i^eHxpy nepeHocMjia nyjbci 
HapoAHofl SHSfln, noKa, naKoneux, He npHBO^tHJia j^aHHMfl neMjiir wh 
nojioxeHie «KopeHHHX'L» hjih chckohhhx^* pyocKHX^ ofijacxeit. 
ApaK»ieeBCKift H;ieaji'b KaseHHoit 0AH0(J)0pMeHH0cxH n ();ino()6pa3ifl kl 
pa3cieTax'b ii coo6paaeHiHX'b 0(J)$Hn,iajibHMX'b pyccKiixit nojinxiiKOBT, 
Bceri^a cxoaji^ pa^oMi. c^ ApyxHM'b Hj^eajoM'b, MtxKo ^opMyjinposaH- 
Hwarb Bi cjioBax'b IHeBqeHKo: «oa MoJAOBana aac ao *HHa na Bcix 
flSHKaxT* Bce MOBUHXb*. AGcoafoxHSM'b H qeHxpaiiHaM'b— p(UHbie6paxbfl, 
ofimuMH CHJiaMH H B'b ji;o6poM'b cor.iaciH BonABHi'ayBinie xy oCpas- 
^OByK) «XK)pbMy HapoAOBX*, Koxopafl HSBtcxna ^o,T^» HMeHeMi Poc- 
cificRott HMnepiH. 

3x0 OAHa cxopoHa SBOJiiouioHHaro npon;ecca - i];eHxpocxpeMHxejib- 
Haa. Ho piTAOMT* ct. Heft B'b Hcxopin KaacAaro napn^a ii(\Tb B.iaAWHe- 
cxBOM'B pyccKaro npaBBxe^ibcxBa AiflcxByexb h jipyran cH-ia — i^eHxpo- 
64«Hafl, BbipaacaiomaflCfl B'b cxpeMwieHia o6ofiAeHHwx7., yrneTOHHUx'b 

H JIHinOHHblX'b CBCOOAH HapOAHOCXCfl COXpaHHXb CBOK) aBXUHOMiK), 

yaepKaxb cboh Haii,ioHajibHbia npasa n ocooeHHOciu ii A<j6HTbCfl nejo- 
BtqecKHXi ycjoBift cymecxBOBaaiJi. B'b xiopbMy hhkxo, paavM'hexcH, 
He HAexi* Ao6poB<)jbHo; HaiipoxHBTi, BCHKOMy cBDiioxBeHHo cxpeMHTbca 
Kx xoMy, ixo6h qama cia ero MHHOBa.ia. OcBofioAii re-ibnoe ABHJKeme 
6ojite HJIH MCH'he 3aMtTHofl cxpyftKoft npojiBjflercii bx iicxopiii Kaac- 
Aofl HapoAHOcxH, HMiBineit HecMaciio uoxepaxb cbok) He;jaBiicnMocxb, — 
pasyntexcH, npn xoM'b HenpeMtHHOM'b ycioBiH, qro ^aHHaji napoA- 
Hocxb cxoHXT> npH BXCMTi Ha H3B'tcxH0M'b ypoBH* ofiineoxBeHHaro H 
nojHXHqecKaro paaBHxia. KpacHoio HHXbio iipoxoAuxT) axo A^Hacenie h 
qpes'b BCD HcxopiK) yttpaHHCKaro napoAa. BecbMa ho .iHuiHMM'b npeA- 
cxaBJLflexcfl noaxoMy npocj'bAHXb axy HHXb, noiianaxb, I'hM'b h kqkx 
ocBo6oAHxeJibHaa HAen Bupaaiijiacb B'b HcxopiH yKpaHHOicaro napoAa, 
KaKifl opzrHHajibHKa qepxu oHa Bbipa6oxa.ia m Bh taicoMTb bua'^ 
AonMa AO Haranxb AHeit, B'^n.ioxHBuiHCb B'b nporpaMMax'b h crpeMjie- 
HiflX'B coBpeMeHHUx^ yKpauHCRHX'b nojiHXHqecKHX'b iiapxiii. 3xo ne- 
o6xoahmo xoxh 6u yse noxoMy, qxo Aacxr. iiaMb Bu:^Mo:Knoi:xb no- 
cxaBHXb fioJi'fee hjii Mente B-bpoaxHufi rrpoiHO^'b Kiicari'JiLHO oyAymaro. 
CoBepmeHHaa yicpauHcKUM'b napoAOM'b B'b XVII ex. Bc.iiiKaa pe- 

BOJIi0^ij|, Ha 3HaMeHH KOIOpOft CXOif.'ia Gophfia ITpt/XIIBI* iUCOHOMUqO- 

csaro, con,iajibHaro, Hai^ioHajibnaro h pejuirioanaro rnera iioji>ckhx^ 
$60AajiOBi, OKonqHJiacb, icau^ HSB'fecxHO, KpafiHefi Ae3opraHii3ai;iefl 
xoiAafflHefi PiHH nociiojiiiroil. ^aicxn'iecKH YicpaHHa (n<)pB'(i.iaf^b oxi» 

2* 



'-^r,^- 



20 C. B « P E M B "B. 

JIO.IbinH, HO, CL Apyrofi CTOpOHU, C06CTBeHH£IHH CHiaMH OHa HO Wh 

cQfTOJiHiH 6ujo[a o6eBneqHTB ce61& HeBaBHCHiioe cyn^ecTBOBaHie h Mnp- 
Hoe paBBHTie BaxBaneHHux^ b'b 6ofb6'b cpaBHHxejiBHO CBo6ojDpfiux% 
jqpeKAeHifl. nojiBCKafl orarapziA He Hirbjia bobco Hanipemfl oTKa- 
saTKca OTL cBonTb «QpaBi>» Ha TaRofi jaKOMBifi RycoKB, RaRofi npeA- 
ciaBJUiJELa ii3'B ce62 YRpaHna — axa, no BupasReHiD OAHoro hb^ yRpaHH- 
osLuzTi ji'lTOHHCuefi'L, «3eMJifl, TeRymafl njieROirB h Mei[OMi»>. Bparn 
cToaJH ApyrL npoTHBt Apyra, ofieacMeHHHe 6opB6ofi, yTOMJieHHHe, 
l^oBeieHHue ao nojmaro hotth HBHeMOseHla, ho b'b to se speMH 
oTRiijiaH jmnib yAoSnaro CJiy^aa, qTo6H odjitb bo3o6hobhtb osecTo^en- 
HjFJ 6opB6y H npe^iuiBHTB CTapue cqeiBi. Ilpn TaROMi nojiosoHiH 
Bemefl Bcer^a HaJSA^TCJi nocropoHHJifl cHja — totb tertius gaudens, 

KOTOpufi B'B CBOHX'B COfiCTBeHHBIX'B H.'bjUirB HCHOJIBBjeT'B HeOHpe^^- 

jiaeHUH oTHomeHifl h npncBOHTB hjioau npeAniecTBOBaBmefi 6opB6u, 
BHRHMafl qysHMH pyRaMH RanrraHu hs'b nnjiaion^aro ofha. dToft 
cB,iofi oRasaJiocB B'B AaHHOM'B Gjy^ai MocROBCRoe i^apcTBO, coeAHHeme 
CB KOTopHM^ BApyTB yjiBi6HyjiocB HpBABOAHTejii) BOBCTaHia Borj^aHy 

SneJIBHHIiROMy. 

CoeAHHenie YRpaHHH cb MocrboS coctoajiocb b'b 1654 roAy Ha 
ycjoBiHX'B, o6e8neqEBaBniHrB nepBoft o^bhb mHpoRyiD aBTOHOMiK), 

JlOqTH HesaBHCHMOCTB. CROpO OAHaRO* H XneJIBHHI^Rifi; H ROBBQRafl 

CTapuiHHa, H Bce naceJieHie YRpaHHU js,qjubsn 6ujle y6'bAHTBCfl b'b 
ToiTB, ^To HOBuft coioBHHR'B HOHHMaei'B B03HHRmifl H81 HepeflcJiaBCRaro 
AOroBopa OTHomenifl He RaR'B AofipoBOJBHuft 001031, a RaR% OTRas'B 
yKpaHHCRaro napo^a otb cBoefl HesaBHCHMOCTH. B'B CHjiy p-bsRaro 

EecOOTBiTCTBiH MeXAy OSHAaniAMH JRpanHCRHX'B aBTOHOMHCTOFB H 

oGeapysHBHieflcA HjeHxpajiHsaTopcRofi hoihthroS Mocrbu, roh^ihrtb 
MeacAy coK)3HLiMH CTopoHaMH Ha^aji'B naspi^BaTB yse B'B momohtb 
saKiitDHeHui AoroBopa, conpoBOSAStBHiarocH o6oDAH£niH HeyA0B0j[B< 
cTBiflHH H npepeRaniiTMH. 

Yse XHejirBHBi^Rifi na^iajL'B npHroTOBieHifl r'b Tovy, hto6£i paso- 
pBaxB CBflBB, npHHHMaBHiyn^ o'leBHAHo, He6jiaronpiflTHut a^ yRpanfi- 
cEot aBTOHOHin odopoTB, HO en^e pts^e o6o8Ha^HJ[Cfl npoi^ecci) 
6opi>6u YRpaHHH sa cboid nesaBHCHMocTB no CMepTH nonyjApHaro 
reTBdana. C'b oahoS cTopoHM, MocRBa Bce cHiBH'be nacTaHBasTB na 
yfljRToaceHiH yRpaHHCRHi-B BOJiBHOCiefl (aBTOHOMin) m o6HapyaHBaen> 
GTpeMJieHie saxBaxHTB B'B 6e3ROHTpoj[BHoe ynpaBJienie cxpany; cb 
Apyrofi— ap^e d onpeAiJieHH-le BHciynaeTB haoh aBTOHOMHOCXH (RaRB 
BT. ^HaMeHHxux'B tFaAJin.RHX'B n^EKTdLTb* BuroBCRaro) h HeA^iH- 
MOGTH YRpaHHBi (B'B AOMOxaxejiBCXBax'B ^opomeHRa). 

Kii cosaiiniK), RpHXH^ecRoe BpeMA ^opHHpoBanifl na YRpannt rocy- 
AapfTBeHHaro cxpofl He BUABHHyio xaRHrB jiioAefl, Roxopue 6u co8Ha- 
Te^iiHo npHHHJiH Ri cepAii^y HHxepecLi niHpoRHX'B MaccB yRpaHHCRaro 
Hapoiia H, noj[oacHB'B bx'b b'b ocHOBanie aBXOHOMHCxcRofi nporpaMMu, 
cy^itjH 06'BeAHHHXB BCK) cxpany h BOOAymeBHXB ee o6n;HM'B AyxoifB npo- 
lecia npoxHB'B rpoBfln^efi onacHOCXH noA^ufleaifl. Oahh'b sa apF^mi» bo 



\ 



F 



Hdli OBngtOTBSHHOi SH8HH HA yKPAHHfi. 21 

rjiasi yspaHHU BcraiorB Taoie assHTiopncTBi, RaRx BpioxoBei(Rifi, 
HiH HiraTosHue BO BC'bx'L oTHomeHlflx^ iiHTpHraHU, Rasi* TexepH, 
XaHeHso H j(p., ROTopue CBoeft AsycMucjieHHoft, HeHCRpeHHeS, ysRo- 
aroHCTHqecKoft iiojihthroS o^eHB 6ucTpo Be^yTi cTpaey kj> <pyHHt)». 
OAHOBpeMeHHO H B-h cpeAy HapoAHiu'L MaccB Bce mOace npoHHRaerh 
npoi^eccB AH$$epeHivaipH, padcJioeRia na Roaa^e^TBO h ^epHh («no- 
ciiiJibCTBO»), a Bir&crb ci» diHM'B BOSHHRaeTB coaiOBHaa n RjiaccoBan 
6opb6a, Bci'b;^CTBie ROTopott as^o BUAaioiiiiiMCfl cpaBHHiejibHO JD[H)ji;flMT> 
dTOll BnoxH, RaR'b AopomeHRO, ne yAaeica co6paTb yRpaHHCRoe na- 
oeJieHle nox% o6ii^Hin» BHaMeHeirB daiuHThi cTapuxi BOJibHocTeli. 

POKOBafl OinH6Ra BCbTb yKpaHHCRHXl aSTOHOMHCTOBl) Torj BpeMeHK 

cocTOflJDLa wb Towh, ?T0 OHH HCRajiH TOHRB onopu He Ha YRpaHHt, 
a 8a efl npeAi^aMH, y cociAHHXb rocyAapciB'b, bxoji^ bo BceBOBMOJs- 

HZIfl nOIHTEqeCRifl CBflSH H R0M6HHaiUu TO O-b nO.lBmett, TO Cb Typ' 

ipeft H KpuMOirb, to <yb niBei^iefi hjih TpaHcujbBanicS. BoBJiaraa 
CBOH HSM^esAbi> FJiaBHUifb ofipasoMi, Ha noMonn* coct;i;HHXi> rocy- 
AapcTBi, yRpaHHCKie hojehthrh coBepuieHHo npeHe6perjiH ecTecTBeH- 

HOfi nOUOft-— C06CTB6HHUMX HapO^Olfb H He TOJIbRO HB npenHTCTBOBaJIlI 

pascjEoemi) ero na BpaacAe^Hbifl rpyanu, ho jiasce — cosHaTejihHO n.iiH 
6e8C08HaTeibH0-— coAiflcTBOBajiH BTOMy paapymHTejibHOMy npoi^eccy, 
8aiaHii(afl KJiaccoBue HHTepecu cTapmHHu h R03aqecTBa h B'b yroAy 
nocjipuiTb yrHexafl co6cTBeHHO napoA'b, «nocmjibCTBo». TIoAHHB'b 
BHaiu BOBcxaHifl npoTHFB mAflxeTGKolt IIoji^niH, Rosai^&aji cTapmnna 
He m cocTOiudH 6iua, TbuT> ne Menie, npeACTaBHTb ce6t BOduox- 
HOCTb HHrncB nopHAKOB'b, RpoM'b rocnoACTBOBasniHX^ B'b TOfi se 
IIojbHrky (yh TOt junib pasHBuelt, ^to npHBHAernpoBaHHoe h^cto 
noucKoS ouHXTbi AOJOSHa fiujia saHATb nuiaxTa MtcTHaro npoHcxo- 
a^eHifl, riaBHbiM'b ofipasoH'b, Ta see cTapmHna. Co6cTBeHHO roBopa 
B'B coipaibHolt cxpyRTypt Hapos^aiomarocH rocyAapcTBa Bce aojixho 
6wL0 ocraTbCfl no-CTapoMy, h napoA'B i^iHoio cTpamHux^ asepTB^b h 
ycHJifi He iipio6p'bTaji'b HH^ero, RpoM'b hobux'b ainelt h npHri^cHH- 
Teieft. 

Henero h roBopnib, hto b% cajiy btoto aBTOHOMHCTCRia cTpeMie- 
Hifl K08ai9cofi CTapniHHBi, npeAJiaraenHH nojKb coycoM'b en RiaccoBux'b 
HHTepecoBi H BAofiaBORi cb HenonyjiHpHbiMH cpe^H napo^a hojih- 

THHeCRHMH R0M6HHaQLSMH, OCTaBaJIUCb qyJBHHH H HeHOHBTHHHH A-BH 

TpyjiflH^Hxcfl uaccb^ h nocjrbAHlH BnojiHib paBHOAyniHo oTHocnancb r^ 
6opb6'b (i% i^eHTpajHCTHqecRofi nojiHTHRott mocROBCRaro npaBHTOJibCTBa 
B'b OTHOineHiH yRpaaflw. StoA poBHbio h rjySoROft pa3o6meHflocTbio 
o^eHb jvbJLO BOcnoibsuBaiacb MocRBa. IIocTeneHHO, nrpaa pojib 3a- 
mHTHHsa nepHH orb npHoibcHeHifi cTapmHHH h cnocoficTBya B'b to ae 
BpeMfl oSocTpeniio pasAopoFb na yRpanHli ona, noAi* myMOR'b, naio- 
no-MftJiy o6pidaeTb o^ny sa APF^tt HenaBHCTHUH eft b'I^tbh aBTo- 
HOMHO^A^KORpaTH'iecKHrb yqpeiKAeHift yRpanHCRaro rocyAapcTBa. Di- 
vide el impera~8T0TT» npHHiyin'b HeyroMHMO h nocjiiAOBaTejibHO 
Mocma nposoAHrb BHioxb ao tofo BpeiieHH, sorAa noO^A^ aficojiB)- 



22 C. E * P E M B X. 

TJi.iMa oMJia yace BiiujiHi o6e3neHeHa, h otb aBTOHOMHuxt iipaBi, h 
BOJijiHOCTefi yKpaHHCKaro Hapo^a ocxajoct oaho jmniL CMyreoe Bocno- 
MTiHaHie. nocji-fejiHiifl aKTHBHaa nonuTKa Maserrij otctoatl ext> He 
y.^aiiacii, h noAi» IIojiTaBoft Haneceflt 6ijji'b ptmiiTeJibHLiJi yjiiapi) na- 
AejKj^aM^ ji OHCHAaHiflMTi yKpaHHCKiix'L aBTOHOMHCTOB^. noc'ii 3Toro 
MOGEOBCKoe HpaBHTCJibCTBO pacnopflHcaexca na yRpaiffffe yjKe BnojiH'b 
ciiMOBjacTHo H, HeyKJioHHO cjitj^ya cBoeS no.iHiHKt, oSpamaerL 
YupaHHy BT> oCHKHOBGHHyK) npoBiiHii,iK) HOBOHcneqeHHofi HMnepiH, pac- 
npfffTpaHflH Ha nee MOCKOBcde nopaAKH. 

(MHOBpeMeHHO CL nojiHTmecKHMH pe$opMaMH pyccKoe npaBH- 
Tp,iLCTBo He ocxaBJifleT'L 6631, cBoero BHHMaHifl II con.ia.ibHwx'L otho- 
luenitt Ha YKpaMHt. JIn6epajiBHaK KoppecnoH;i.eHTKa ^rocno^'B Boji- 
lepa M Jl,Hji;epoTa>, jiiofinBmafl n^erojibnyTB npn rjiyqat rpoMKofl 
({tpasofi Ha cmtvh ocBoSoacAenia Hapo;i;a «o'rb MyqaBiuHx-b ero Bj^pyrb 
.Mnontxx Ma.ieHbKHX'L THpanoB'b», KaKt EKaiepfiaa II TiiTy.iOBaJia 
HTi BjaeyTU panApaaceHiH K03ai],i;yK) crapujuny, 6biJia Ha caMOMi> A^jrk 
peBHO^n^Hofi Hacaa,MTejibHHixefi KpinocxHoro npaBa na YKpaHHt, 
pa-vTaBa^ KpecxbiiH'b coxhamh xbica^'L HanpaBO h najitBO cbo- 
hU'h MfloroqHc.ieHHbiM'b (l)aBopHxaM'B. CoGcxBeHflo roBopa, «Ma;ieiib- 
id^ ii!paHbi> xojibKO B^ xoMx, ciynat jinraaJiHCb SjiarocooHHOcxH 

HMfltrpaxpHIlbl, KOr;i,a OCMtjHBaJHCb HailOMHHaXbO CXapJIHHblX'b. CBOUX^ 

DiiaBax7> H BOJibHocxax'b; $0HAH Hxt cefiqacb ace nonHiiMajiHCb Bt 
en oasaxt, KaK^ xojibip ohii Bbicxynajin HcoH)nnxe.ibHO b% poJiH 
ii(>rhmHKOBT>-AyiueBjia;i,tKibn.eB'b, hstj to.iob'l Koxopwx'b eesi, ocxaxKa 
[fciiapflJiiJCb aBxoHOMHCxcidfl HAeii. H'feHoio 9xofi nocji'^AHeft ycxynKM 
EKaxepima Obijia roxona ne xojibKO biiojihIj npHMHpHXbca c^h '^xnpaH- 
cTBOMTi*, HO naHce cnocoficxBOBaxb ero pacAstxy ii pasBHxiio, 
xinaiejibHO ycTpanaa Bct BCxpt^aBiniHca na ero nyxH npenaxcxBia. 

!!pn;i,ep3viiBa>icb BecbMa neABycMbicjieHHMM'B oopasoM'b hojihxkkh 
(luitpoBHxe.TbcxBa uHxepecaMx, KOManjiyBJiuiiX'b KJiaccoBi,, iipaBHxeJib- 
citiu oopaiuajio oGo6eHHoe BEMManie na xo, uxoobi oxopnaxb hxTi ovh 
popoii iio^Bbi H Bfjpbixb Eenpoxoj^HMyK) 6e3j^Hy bx Han;ioHajibHOM'L 
OXHomeniH Me^Kiiy hhmh h xpyAflmHMHca iiaccaMH. 3xofi i^t;iH cjiy- 
iiMmi xt roHenia na KVjibxypHbia oco6eHnocxH yKpauHi^eB'b, naKia 
B03HUKJIU noqxH BCJit^'b sa BO^icoeAUHenieM'b yKpaHHbi cti Mockob- 
cEHWb ii,apcxBOMT>. Bx) Hanajit XVIII cxoatxia 8xa HCKopeHHxejbHaa 
temmim y^Ke nnojiHt onpeA'b.ieHHo nporJiaAbiBaexi> bx» utjiOM'b pa^i 
("cioTEiliXcxBeHFJbix'b MtpoHpiflxifi. IIpaBHXCJibcxBO cMOxpuxX), Hanpu- 
whph, Becbiia Heo;i,o6piixe.ibHO ea oco6eHHOcxii bx, aswKt, h i];eH3ypa, 
3X0 xyAiHee h3x> 3anMcxB0BaHiii CX) 3ana;i,a, cxaBHxx» coBepmeHHO 
acHTJH xpeooBania — HciipaBjiHXb bx, yKpaHHCKHXx> M3AaHiaxx> a3HKX> 
no mockobcuhmx, o6pa3i^aMx, hjih h coBct>MT» nepeBO^axb KHHrn «Ha 
Dt\^nKopoccificKoe Haptqie^, 4cj^a6bi HiiKaKofi po3Hu h ocoSaro naptqia 
B1. MHxx> He obiJio >. lIsBtcxHU oxHocamleca kx, axowy BpeMBHH cjiyqaa 
npsMHxxj 3anpen;eHifi npn HeHcnojiHeHiH yKa3aHHbixx> xpefioBanitt na 
cicT7i v-ocnr-aro Hcjp'Ii'iiiu, iipiiMcMx xoneaiK) noABepraioxca xan^e 



pw? — 



JASTy OBmBCTBEHHOtt «H3HH HA yKPAHH'B. 23 



KHHrH, HBAaHHHa 3a-rpaHHi^eft, rau'L naaRBaeMOfi «JbBOBCKoft ne- 
qaTH». B-b KOHi^t X\'II1 CTOjtriH pyccKifl iiauK'L, He CMoxpa na npo- 
TecTH, BBOffHTCfl B^ KieBCKoft aKa^eMiH H ;^py^HX'B nxKOjaxt na 
YKpaHH*; OAHop.peMeflHO Ben^^rcA KaMnaniH upothb'b oco6eHHocrftt 
yKpaHHCKaro npoHSHonieHiH, ripHKaauBaeTCH B7> i;epKBaxT> npH 6or«>- 
cjiyaceHiH HHTaib «r(uiocoM'B, cboActbphhmmt* pocciftcKOMy naptqiK)^, 
T. e. npHftepaKHBaHCb BCJiHKopyccKaro npoH3HOtneHifl. BjiaruAapa BXMMb 
H noi^o6HUM'b MtponpiaTiflMT,, niKOJiu h THii(»r{5a(j)iH, KOTopux^ ;^^> 
Toro BpeMeHH Ha yKpaHHt 6w.io oqeHb mhofo, uphxojxhtl jn> yiia- 
AOK'b, HcqeaajOTb, h cxpaaa, c.iyavHBUiafl Hti:()r4a iiyTeMT> aanaj^no- 
eBponeJBcKaro npocBintema h ajih Mockbu, (jopaiuaeicH b-b Kyjibxyp- 
HOMt oxHomeHiH Majio-no-Ma.iy b'b nycxuHio, saMiipaex'b h cxaHOBHxca 
oCpasi^oMt oxcxajiocxH h SearpaMoxaocxH HapoAHUxx MaccL. 

MuHoxoAOM'b Bbinie y»e 6M.ia yiiaaaHa rjiaBH'bfimaji oinHOKa yKpaiiH- 

CKHX'B aBXOHOMHCXOBTb. Ofla COCXOaJia B'b XOM'b, 1X0 aBXOHOMHCXbl 

CBOu ea^esAH soajiarajiH HCKJifoqnxejibHO na Me^AyHapo^Hbifl noju- 
XHiecKia KOMfiHHai^iH, ocxaBjaa fiea-B BHHMania coficxBeHHtia chjh, 
saKJioiaBmiaca bx noAAepacitlJ yRpanHCKaro Hapo^a; ixo oiiii HCKajiu 
xoiEH onopH He Ha co6cxBeHHoii noiBt, a na ea npeAt.iaMn h, 
oxcxaHBaa aBxoHOMiio, cxapajiacb iiocxaBHXb ee na cocjiOBnyio u 
KJiaccoByK) ocHOBy. 3xa oraH6Ka uiuJia ^pesaxa phaomt* ^axajbHwx'b 
HOcitAcxBifl, a npeacAe Bcero xiMt, ixo mnpoKia Maccu napoAa 
ocxaBajiHCb BnojHii paBHOAyraflUMH h xojoahumh icb HAet aaxonoMifl 
H oxKaBHBajH B'b CBoefl no^AepiiwK't xpeooBauiaM'b HeocMoipuxeJib- 
hmxtj aBXOHOMHCXOBi). Bb caMOM'B A'fe-i* — *i'i'o Morjia SHaiRXb AJifl 
HapoAa noxepa aexoHOMin iipoA'B naABHraBinolica rpoaofi KptnocTnoro 
npasa? Kauyio, ct> Apyroit cxopoHU, i^hiiy hjih npHB-ieuaTeabuocxb 
Morjia HMtxb ji^a xpyAfliuiixoa Maccb HauioHajibHaa iiesaBriCMMoc'Xb 

npH HOJIHOfi HeB03M03KHOCXH UOJIbSOBaXbCH efl ILlOAaMH H A^^t^ BC'''ni 

npocxo lejoBiqecicoe cymecxBOBaHieV II oto rbMib do-ite, qxo iiooop- 
HHEH aBxoHOMiH, BbiiiieAniie r.iap.HWM'b o6pa30MT> if^'b npuBUiierupo- 

BaHHUXT* KJiaCCOBXi, H HC AyMaJIH CKpUBaXb CBOllXT* y3K()-KJiaCC0BbIX'b 

BHAOBi>, npoxHBopiquBiiinx'b HapoAHHMx HHxepecaM'b, iionyxflo npcA- 
aBJiaa cBoeKopwcTHHa npeTenahi na cBoSuAy h HMymecxBo xpyAa- 
mHXca MaocB. H ayiKHO oxAaxb nojnyio ciipaBOAjiiiBocxb pyccKOMy 
npaBHxejbcxBy, — HeocMOxpHxaibHocxbio yKpaHHCKHX'b aaxoHOMiicxoBb 
OHO cyMijio oqeHb HCKycHO u jiobko Bociio.ib30Baxbca. 4>aK.xH»iecKH 
noiiAepKHBaa coc;iOBHua h KjaccoBwa AOMoraxe-ibcxBa Bucmiix'b oac- 
coB'b, oieHb meApo HaA^Jiaa ax'b KptnocxHWMH AyinaMii h iio- 
MtcxbaMH, npaBHxejibcxBO coxpanaao npH axoMi, ao xaKoii cxeneHH 

HeBHHHHfi BHAT*, 1X0 MOFJIO KasaXbCH A^HCe 3aiHHXmiK0M'if HapOAa UPO- 
THB'B npHBHJierHpoBaHHbix'b KJiaccoB'b, — ocooenHo, KoxAa iiocxfeAnie 
iipeA'BaBjiajiH KaFia-Jnifio nojiaxinecKia npnxa.jaHia. Ha napoA'b oho 
HaxpaBHJio «naHOB'b», a 9xhxte> noc.i'bAHiiX'b iiyrajo h CAepiKiiBajio 
npaapaKOMt napoAHaro Boscxania, Poanb MesAy KOMaHAyionuiMH oac- 
caiiH H xpyAa^^llMHCiI MaccaMH Boapacxajia u, no Mtpt oh Boapaoiania, 



\75TrJ| 



M' 



24 0. E « P £ M B "B. 

ocj[a6lBaja cHJia fla^ioHaJIbHa^o conpoTHBieHifl h xairJiH p^AU npx- 
B^seHi^eB^ <CTapo»HTHuz'B npaB'B H B0J[BH0CTeft» n cpe^H CTap- 
niuHH. £oj[BniHHCTBo efl, nonojiHHBinee cboh paj^ii BceBOSMOsHmiH 
lamKeflTi^aMH— iipoxoAHMii,aMH h aBaHnopHCTaifu hsi sejiHKopoccoB^, 
iiojAB'BaH'B, cep6oBi» h hhofo npHmjaro JD^a, — HanepepuB'B 6pocH- 
Jiocb npio6piTaTB Bciun npaBAaMH h HenpaB^aifH 4(j[aHKH» h «hhbkh»- 
iiOKynaTb h BunpaniHBaTb RpinocTHua AjniH h csa^^ JiaKOMCTBa 
HecqacTHaro», no KapxHHHOMy sHpaacemio yRpaHHCKoft athh, no- 

HCepiBOBBJIO He TOJIbKO HapOAHblMH HHTOpecaMH, HO H C06CTB^HHUMH 

noj[HTHqecKHMH HpaBaiiH. C6uj[HCb oacHAaHifl aHraj[brb-iiep6cTCR0ft 
HiMRH, c^opMyjHpoBaBinefi HCTHHHO-pyccRyio nporpaiofy A'^^ScTBifl^ — 
caceJiaHm kx qnnaM'b, a oco6jhbo r'b sajiOBaHiK)» ^ftcTBHTeJibHO 
BbirbcHHJiH cyMOHa^epiaHie npesHHrb BpeMeH'b». PasposHeHHaa yK- 
paHHa cA'biiajia 6ujioeiiie o^Hy nonuTsy ocBo6oAHTbCfl hsi nojiHTH^ecKoft, 
coi^ajibHoft H dKOHOMHHecEofi HeBOJiH BO BpeMfl TaKOb HaBHBaeMOft raflAa*- 
Ma^HHu, OAHaRo 8T0 repoH^ecRoe, uo Majio cosHaTejibHoe h JiHnieHHoe 
BUAa'K)ii^HxcA H onbUHUX'b pyROBOjDtHTejiefi ABHseme 6ujlo saAHio 
KpoBbK) BOscTaBiHHX'b, H Eoscap'b, He pasroptBHiHCb, yracb... Ha 
YRpaHHi Boii;apHJ[HCb Rp'i^nocTHUfl OTHomeHifl, xeMHOTa, nojHTH^ecRaji 
AeMopajusai^ia, h Rasajiocb — ^i^apcTBy hxtb ne CjjifiTb ROHiia. B'b cy- 
MepEaxi 8Toro TycRJiaro BpeMOHH saTeMHHjiacb h npHDUia B'b ynaAOS'b 

H Ha^iOHaJ[bHO-aBTOHOMHCTCRafl EJlfia. 

SaxeMEHJiacb^ ho ho bhojihI; npHmjia B'b yna^OKi, ho He HSCflua. 
OHa BospoAHjiacb cHOBa, npio6ii^Hjiacb R'b TeqenlflM'b o6nKe?ejioB'h?e- 

CKOft UblCJIH, O^HCTHJaCb OTb npHM^CH COCJIOBHBIXl* H RJiaCCOBUrb 

HHxepecoB'b, nojiosHJia Bb ocHOBy CBoero 6uTiH HHrepecbr po^Horo 
Hapo^a, T. e., yKpaHHCKHX'b TpyAflmnxca Maccb, — h B'b TaROM-b BHJ^* 
cTapafl H^eji aBxoHOMHOCTH npio6p'bj[a coBepmeHHO hobu^i qepibi. Ho- 
Btfimie yRpaHHCKle aBTOHOMHcrn BufipocHJiH sa 6op'rb, saR'b Henys- 
Hufi dajuiacTb, E?L]Sfimji,hL Ha MescAJHapoAHUfl nojiHTHqecKUi R0M6HHa- 
ti.iH, Ha noMo^b Ao6pbixx cocbA^S, h bo3jio»hjih hx'b na cHJibHUfl 
njieqH caMoro napoAa. Coo6pa3HO ct» aiHM'b i^ijibio hxt» A'^HiejibHo- 
CTH H efl HepsoM'b CA'i^jiajiocb 6j[arococTOflHie, MaTepiajibHoe h ay^ob- 
Hoe, HapoAHUx'b Maccb, a ne HHTepecBi ROMaHAyioni^Hxik EJiaccoFb. 
Ha cTpasct napoAHbirb HHTepecoB'b cxajio cjiobo — HOBoposAeHHaa 
yRpaHHCRaji jiHTepaTypa, npoHecmaa BejiHRyK) haoio Ha^ioHaJUbHa^o 
BoaposAenifl qpe3'b cTpamnuH HcnuxaHiH h nepeAaDn^aa ee Tenepb 

B'b HOBUfl H, MOSHO AJMaTb, HaAeSHUfl pyRH. 



II. 

HepBbie jiimejiE hoboS yRpaHHCRoft jHTepaTypbt — KoTupeBCRifi, 
ApTeMOBCRifl-FyjiaR'b, PpefieHRa h Ap.-^cpasy se coo6^^HJIH eft cbjib- 
HyK) AeMORpaTHqecRyK) h ryMaHHTapnyH) cxpyK), xota nojiHTH^ecRHXi» 
oTHOfflenift h, B'b qacieocTH, Bonpoca o6'b aBTOHOMiH, ohh BOBce ne 



ttdl OfiIUBCTBEHBO& SUdHH HA yKPAHflt. 25 

KacajiHCb. 7 hbxi 6wlb» HHafl HCTopH?ecRat*o sHaqeHiji mhccIh — 
OTspuTb riasa Aefla^ioHaJtII8HpoBaHHOMy k7> Tony speMeHH yKpaBH 
csoMy o6ii(ecTBy Ha ospysaionUfi ero HapoAi^, nocTaBBTfi bo BceS ero 
Harort H ocTport Bonpoci o6t» dJieMeHrapHux'b npasarB qejiOB^qe- 
cxoi JiH^HOCTH, HafiTH STy JH^HOCTB vb saSHToM sp'JbnocTHoll naccb 
H npio6mHTb nocpe^^cTBOM'B poAHoft jiHTepaTypBi yRpaHHCRifl napoA^, 
6uBmiA AO toro BpeMeHH cBipoft axHorpa^tHHecKoft Maccofl, k'l ceiiBi 
syjibTypmcTB Ha^iJI. H axy sa^a^ MOJOAaa yKpauHCRaji aHTeparypa 
BunoiHHjia vb nojiHOMi» ofiieiffc, A^ace ne ciaBfl nosa Bonpoca o 
nonTH^ecBOicL nojioseHiH yspaHHEi. Kpattne xapaRTepno, Bnpo^eirB, 
TO o6cTOHTeiBCTBO, ^TO oAHOBpoMeHHO cb nepBUMU no6irauH jifiuo- 
spaTHHecsoi JiHTepaxypu na yKpaHHib noasHJiocb h nepnoe se npo- 
HBBexeHie nojiHTH^ecKoft mucjih, Bxe^eHie AOJiraro BpeMeHH Bnocji'bA- 
CTBiH osaeuBaBmee rpoMa^Hoe BiiflHie Ha ^opMHpoBanie aBTOHOHHCT- 
csaro TenoHifl cpeAH yRpaHHCsoft HHTeJlJIH^eH^iH. 8to 6uj[a SHaiieHHTaH 
cHcTopifl PyccoBX hjh Majoft Poccin*, ^ecxs aBTopcxBa Roiopoft 
omHfio^Ho npHnflcuBajtacb HiROxopoe Bpena HSBtcxHOMy reopriio 
KoHHccKOMy. «IIcxopiH PycG0B'B> o6pan^ajiacb na yRpaHHt b'b mhoxo- 
^HCJieHHUTB CHHCRarB, eK) sa^HxuBajiHGB, Ha Hefi BocnHxajiocb He 
OAHO uoROjrbnie cxapMmHrB yRpaBH0iF)6i^eB'L; BjiiflHie en CHCbHo 
CKaaajiocb, Mea^y npo^uifb, na meB^eHRi. Aio6oBh r% poAHOMy 
RpaK), aBxoHOMHCxcRoe HanpaBJieHie^ A^^ORpaxHSicb BHJioxb ao peony* 
6iHKaHCiBa — xaRHMH qepxaMH oxjiH^aexca axorb naM$jiexi. Ofl'b 6y- 
AHfb cpoAH yRpaHHOKaro odn^ecxna meicjeh o cBo6oAHofl poAHHt, ohb 
nepBiifi c^opMyjiHpoBaji'b HAeK) aBxoHOMiH yRpaHHu, OH'b coxpanmrb 
aBxoHOMHCXCRii npHHitHirb H qpesi rojiosy H3HiseHHaro, BuposA^B- 
marocfl nancxBa nepoHeci ero r'l A'^TOJunrb nocjiiAyK)n](aro Bpe- 
MeHH^ KOFAa HBHJiacb, HaRone^b^ BOSMOiSHOcxb npHBHXb ero ri* cB'ib- 
xeMy cxefijiiD. 

EABa-jDi Moserb 6iixb coMHime oxnocHxejibHo xoro, tto «Hcx0' 
pifl PyccoBi» HBJuuacb BupaaseHieM'b h oxpasemeirb loicjieft ne oa- 
Horo jramb en anxopa, a aobouho oGnrnpHaro Rpyra juojifiH na 
yRpaHvb. €% APF^fi CTopoHbt ^aRxn^ecRH ycxaHOBxeno, ?xo ona cana 
ciysHia pacnpocxpaneHiK) AenoRpaxH^ecRHrb h anxonoMHCxcRHrb HAefi 
cpeAH yRpaBHCRBTo o6n^ecxBa. HaipoHajiHsaxopcRafl, ecjiH xaR'b mosho 
BupasHXbCH, pojib OH cRopo CRasaiacb, RaR'b xojibRO na yRpaHHi 
HanaiH noHBiHXbCA sapoABimH opranHsaAift, HniBniHrb B'b BHAy 06- 
n^ecTBeHHue HHxepecbi. HaH6ojrbe nonyjupnoS ^opMOft xaRHX'b opra- 

HHSai^t 6hUUi Vh XO BpOMH MaCOHCRIH JIOSH H CBHSb yRpaHHCXBa (il> 

HBMH AORasuBaexcA rbiTb, qxo Vh cnHCRarb, nanpHMipi^ IIoixaBCRoi 
loSH Bcxpiqaeicb hkh oxi^a HOBoft yRpanHCRoft JiBxepaxypn KdXJis- 
peBCRaro *). B'b 1818 r. Fb KioBi ofipaBOBaiacb MacoHCRaa Jioaca, 



*) A. H. nun^Hii. 06i]xecTBeHHoe ;tBH3KeHie Bb PoccIh npn AjieKcaHAP'b 
1. Gn6., 1900 r., CTp. 821. Cm. xaicse H8Gst;(0BaHi6 r. GeMeBCKaro »J][eKa6pH- 
CTU-MacoHU^, „MHHyBmie rojCH", 1908 r., liapr-b, cxp. U6. O^Horo HSb^ 



26 



E^PEMO.B'L. 



Hi^stcTHaa no^ii HasBanieM'B «06mecTBa coe^HHeHHUx'L cJiaBflHT>»; 
OHa, npaB^^a, ne HMtjia bi. BHj^y cjiyacHTb coficxBeHHO yKpaHHCKHMT* 
saj^a^aM'L, o;i;HaKO, ctoh na (J)eAepaTHBHo-;i,eMOKpaTHqecKOM'L ocHOBa- 
BiH^ nporiaraHAHpoBajia cjiaBflHO$HJibCKm bt* jiyqnieMjb anaqeHiH aioro 
ciOBa HAeii *) H AG HiKOTopofi cieneHH noAroTOBJifl.ia no^By a^h 
uoflBjieHifl xaKHXTb opraHH3aii,ifl, KOiopHa yace BnoJiai cToavh Ha 
npnHn,Bni yiipaMHCKofi aBTOHOMHocxH. Ha-L op^aHH3a^ifi nocjitAHaro 
Tiina HauOuJiLmyK) bbbIjcthoctb, 6jiaroAapa CBoefi TparHMecKOfi cy^BOt, 
nojiyqHJio ocHOBaHHoe no EHiiaiaTHBi KocroMapoBa bi> Kieflt b'b 
1846 r. KHpiKiJiu-MeooAiCBCKoe 6paTCTB0. Ero MoacHo cqHTaTi, iiepBofl 
yiipaiiHCKoii oprauii3aii,iefl ch 6oJite hju MeHte onpeAtjienHO naMt- 
lieHHofl iiojiHTHqecKofi nporpaMMofi ii uoiOMy ne jiMmHHMT> 6yAeTT> na 

EGWb OCTaHOBHTBCfl. 

IIporpaMMa KupHJijio-MeeoAieBCKaro GpaxcTBa xenepB yse Bnojiflt 
HSBicxHa. n^tjibio CBoefl A^axejibHOcxH oho cxaBHJio cjiyaceHie ajifit 
ciiaBHHCKaro cfijiHsem)! h eAHHenifl na $eAepaxMBHbix'b ocROBaniflXT*, 
(•'b oSeaneneHieM'b no.iHoii CBoSoAbi n miipoKoii aBxoHOMiu BctM'b 
HapoAHOcxflM'b, BXOAHBHiHM'b BXi cocxaB'b upoeKxiipoBaHHaro (|)eAepa- 
xHBHaro rocyAapcxBa. TaKHMu napoAHOcxaMii qjienu CpaxcxBa cqn- 
xajiH: BejiMKopoccoB-b, yKpaiiHueBib, nojiHicoBij, qexoB-b, jiysaqaHx, 
xopyxaHi), HJiJHpo-cep6oB'b h oojirap'b; uaacAaa na^b nepeiHCJieHHbix'b 
Hauifl no ycxaBy 6paxcxBa AOJisna CbiJia cocxaBjiflXb oxAt-ibHyjo pec- 
nyojinKy («Piqb nocnojinxyio*), Buojint caMOcxoflxejbHyK) h HesaBH- 
CMMyio B'b CBoeMTi BHyxpeHHeMi* ynpaBJienin h ayjibxypHbixx, jifkA^x^ 
(«qxo6bi KajKAufi napoAij HMijix, cBoJt asbiKi., cbok) JiHxepaxypy, cBoe 
o6n;ecxBeHHoe ycxpoticxBO>). OpranoM'b (|)eAepa.ibHaro npaBiii^jibcxBa 
AOJiaceH^b OLiJi'b cjiyacnxb cefiM'b, cocxoamiii hs^ BuSopHUX'b nocjiOB'b 
oxT> BcfexT* HapoAOB^; eny A0Ji3Kfla Sujia upHHaAJiesaxb KOMnexeni^iii 
no oCmuMX) BonpocaMx. Bo rjafii HcnojiHnxejibHofl BJiacxn b'b KaasAofl 
nsii pecnySjiHK'b HaMt^ajicfl uaGpannbifi Ha BpeMa «npaBHxejib»; xo^ho 
xaiwKe HsSjipaeMbiMX) AOJiacemb 6biJi'b 6bixb h rjiaBa Bcero (|)eAepaxHB- 
Haro coK)3a. KpoMi xoro, hjichu 6paxcxBa c^nxajin HeoSxoAHMUMH 
ycjiOBLSMH npaBHJibHofi rocyAapcxBeHHoii hchshh oomee paBeecxBO h 
cBo6oAy, yfln»ixo3KeHie cocjiobhhx^ npnBMJierifi h npe»Ae Bcero Kpi- 
nocxHoro npaBa, Bceooinee napoAHoe oopaBOBanie, Bceo6ni,ee Hsfinpa- 
xejibHoe npaBO, Bbidopnoe na^ajio npn BaMimeniH AOJJKHOcxefi cii 
yHHqxoacenieM'b 6iopoKpaxiH h x. n. CpeAcxBaMH AocxnacefliH nocxas- 
jieHHbix'b BaAaTb 6paxcxB0 c^Hxajio — BOcnHxanie bt* cooxBtxcxBeHHOM'b 
Ayxt MOJiOAe^EH, pacupocxpaHenie rpaMOXHocxn B'b napoA* h jiHxepa- 



yKpaHHueB'B-MacoHOB'b, JlyKameeHia, npsMo oObhhajih b-b ocHOBamH .najio- 
pocciftcKaro o6mecTBa**, nocTaBHBmaro nitJibK) HeaasHCUMOCTb yKpaHHU. Cm. 
TaMt ace, cxp. 149-15J. 

*) .Bt jioHcb 6ujiH HJienaMH MHorie hojijikh, pyccKie h MajiopoccLi, h 
caMoe HasBaHie eH noKaauBaeT-B crpeMJienie kt. ycTanoBJieHiK) jtipyacecTBen- 
Hux-b OTHomenitt MeHc;;y aTHMH xpena cocxaBHbiMH nacxaMH M-fecxHaro nace- 
JieHifl*. .MHHyBinie roAH**, 1908 r., Mapx-B, cxp. 162— 153. 



H31 OBmEOTBKHHOit »H3HH HA. yEtPAHH-ft, 27 

xypH, Boo6n(e MHpHyH) nponaraHAy cbohxI) HAefi, oroBopHBmHCb npH 
BTOifB, ^To «npaBHJio — Ti^kjib ocBimaext cpeACTBa— ofimecTBo iipaa- 
Haexi 6e36oHCHMM'B» *). 

Pa.'iCMaTpHBaa iisjioaceHHyH) nporpaMMy, (-coGeHHO cl co6aH)Ae- 
Hieii'L TpefioBaaifl HciopuqecKofl iiepcrieKXHBu, mu aoji^hu OyAeMt 
npHSHaxb ee, HosaBuciiMO ot-b yc.iOBift cBoero BpeMCHM, o^enb npo- 
rpeccHBHott « AeMoKpaTniecttoil, ooHapyiKHBaroinelt BucoKifi, no Kpatt- 
Hefi Mtpi TeopeiaqecuH, ypoBCHb iia.iHTHqecKaro Mum.icHia y qjie- 
HOBX SpaicTBa. Mo2KHO 6UJI0 OJKHAaTb, HTO KMpHJiJio-MeeoAioBCKoe 
6paTCTB0 OKafficTB CHJibHoe H ojiaroTBopHoe BjiiiHie Ha 4>t>pMHpoBaHie 

JI'eMOKpaTU^ieCKH-aBTOHOMHCTCKHX'L IIAefi He TOJhKO Ha YKpaUHt, HO 

H BO Bcefl PocciH. Ki) coaciaijHiK), a*^o iioniojio, KaK^ HSB-fecTHo, b-b 
caMOM^ sapoAHuit: iJieHU oomecTBa (KocxoMapoB-f., ryjaKT>, MapKO- 
BHTL, BijorjepcKifi h aP-)> ^ xaitsco anua, 6mi'sko cxoaBOiiH Kt HeMy 
(IIIeBqeHKO, KyjiHUi^), oujih Bt 1847 r. apecxoBanij h bch opraHHsai^ifl 
GbiJia paBrpoM.ieHa, He ycri^BB iipoHBuxb cer)ii utM^-JiHOi) b'b iipaK- 
XHqecKoli AiflxcjibHOcru. IIpaBAa, haoh SpaxcxBa ne nponuin 6e3- 
cji^AHo, xaK-b KaKT. jJuxepaxypHUMt oxrojiocKOM'b hxt* Cunn BT>40-x'b 
roAaxii cxHxoxBopeHiH nieB^euKa, a nosace aGojuouiOHHCXCKia npoH3- 
BCAeHiH MapKa BoBHKa, HecoMfltHO curpaBUiiii rpoMaAHyiu pojib b'B 
Atjit pacnpocxpaneHija HAefl AGMOKpaxiwMa na YKpaHHt. 

Bojie A^cHXH jiix'b nponiJio npeacAe, mhwb SuBraie qjienu Kh- 
pHJjo-MeeoAieBCKaro 6paxcxBa uojiyqnjiH, HaKOHei^X), HiKOXopyK) bos- 
MoacHOCXb BHcxyimxb na apeny iipaitTHqecKofi A't-aTCJibHocxu — B'b 
«0cH0Bt» (18G1 — 18G2 rr.). Ho upeMa Oujio yjKe HHoe: najio Kpk- 
nocxHoe npaBO, oxxoAHJi'b B'b Bt^HOCXb MeAoBufi M'tcau'b pocciiicKHX'b 
CBoGoA'b, osHaMeHOBaBnuixX) KpaxKOBpeMenHyio «anoxy BeJiHttHXTb pe- 
^opMi**; ^eAepajiHSM'b B'b xo BpcMa, KOXAa B'b BosAyxii nosBJiajiHCb 
yace npHsnaKH nojibcitaro BoscxaHia, He Morb npiofipliCXH nonyjinp- 
HocxH B'b ffliipoKHX'b oSniccxBeHHWx'b KpyxaxTb, Aa h BooSme MHoria 
HAeH fipaxcxBa Kaaajincb xoiAa yae ycxaptBniHMU no cpaBHeHiro cb 
yqenieMx. qacxaro con,iajiH3Ma, pacnpucxpaHflBiiuiMCH B'b nepeAOBux^ 
Kpyrax'b pyccKaro oon^ecxua. A bx xo nee BpeMH iioAHHMaJia rojiOBy 
peaKiyH, B03o6HOBHJiHCb penpecciH co cTopoHia iipaBHxejibcxBa — h 
«OcHOBa> AOJacHa 6H-ia npeKpaxHXb cBoe cymccxBOBanie. «BpaxqeKH», 
xoTi> H He no co6cxBeHHOfi bkh*, ono3AaJifl c^ nponaraHAofi cBOHX'b 
HAefl. 

K'b KOHAy cyni.ecxBOBaHiH «OcHOBbi» b% nefi 3a3ByqajiH, Bnpo- 
qeM'B, HOBbifl cxpyHLi B'b npon3BeAeHiiiX'b MJiaAuinx'b ch coxpyAHH- 
KOB-B, KaK'b B. B. Ahxohobh4t>, n. II. }Kinen,Kiii, PbiJibCKifl h aP- 
OcoueHHO flCHO HOBafl cxpyna iipoasyqajia bx, oaccn »uh". kg ii no CBoefi 
npocTorh h HCKpennocxH xona ((HcnoBiAH» noKoiiHaro AnxoHOBuia. 
<no Boa-fe cyAb6H- nHca.i'b OH'b — a poAHJica Ha YKpaHHi mjiaxxH- 



*) Kb HCXopiH „06mecTBa cb. KnpHJiJia h MeeoAia*. „Bujioe**, 1906 r., 
(fcapaJiL, CTp. 78—76. 



28 C. B * P B k 6 I*. 

qeiTB; B-B ;^iTCTB'b HMijIt BCt npHBH^KH naHH^Ofl H JSfiJLTO pa3A*MM 

Bct cocaoBHUfl H Hai^ioHajibHHH npeAy6t»ffeHia aro^efi, b^ Epyry 
ROTopux'b BocnHTMBajECfl. Ho, RorAa npHmjo ]ifia mbha BpeMfl caMo- 
cosHaHifl, a xjiaAHORpoBHo oi^HHj'B cBoc nojosoHie B'B Epai, BSBi- 
CHJiTb ero He^ocTaTKH, Bci CTpeMJieHia o6mecTBa, cpeitH KOToparo 
cyji;b6a Mena nociaBHJia, h jBMjijbjrb, qxo ero nojioaeme HpaBCTBeHHO 
6e8B£izoAHO, ecjiH oho ne oiRaseTca orb cBoero HCRjuo^HxejiLHaro 
BsrjLflAa') OTL cbohxi BanocqHBHXTi nocflraxejoLBCTS'L Ha EpaS h ero 
HapoAHOCTb. a jBH^jTB, OTo noMEH-nwflXTHqH, SHBrale BTb roano- 
pyccEOifb Epai, HifiK)T'b npeji^ cy^OM'B co6cTBeHHofi cob^cth tojibeo 
}5jA HcxoAHUfl to^eh: bjih nojiH)6HTb Hapo^i^b, cpeAH EOToparo ohh sh- 
Byrb, npoHHEHyibCfl ero HHiep^caMH, BoaBpaxHTbca e-b HapoffHOCXH, 
Kor;i;a-TO nosHHyrofi hxx npe^EaMH, h neycHnHHirB Tpy^oirB h jik)- 
6oBbK), no icbpi CHji'b, BOsnarpaAHTb Bce sjio^ npH^HHeHHoe hmh Ha- 
poAy, BCEopiiHBmeMy MHoria noEOJiiHia BejibHosHfiirB eojiohhctobi, 
EOTopoKy 9TH HOGJiiAHie 3a noPB H EpoBb HJiaTHJiH npespinieifL, py- 
raxejibCTBaMH, HeyBasemeicB ero pejiHiiu, o6b[?aeB'B, HpaBcxBeHHOcxH, 

JIH^HOCXH, — HJIH Se, eCJIH AJLH 8X0X0 He ZBaXHXB HpaBCXBeHHOS CUJOI, 

nepecejiHXbCH bi seiuH) nojibCEyio, sacejieHHyio noibCEHicB napoAOMi, 
fliM xoro, ^xo6h He npH6aBjMTb co6ok) eme oflHoft xynea^oft jih^- 
HocxH, ]i;lr xoro, ^xo6bi, HaEOHen;i», H36aBHXbca caMOMy npe^B co6ok) 
ox^ rpycxnaro ynpesa B'B xoitb, qxo h a xose eojiohhcxx, xoae 
MaHxaxopx, qxo a nocpeii;cxBeHHO hm Henocpe^cxBeHHO {^rb^ Bnpo-. 
^ewhy Bce paBHo) nnxaiocB qy»HMH xpy^aifH, sacJooaK) Aopory k% 
pasBHxiK) Hapo;^a, b-b xaxy Eoxoparo a sajiisTb HenpomeHHEdl, ci qyac- 
AHMH eny cxpeMjieniaMH, qxo h a ^pHHa;^JIeay kt* jarepio, cxpeMa- 
menyca no^aBHXB naposHoe pasBHxie'xyseimeB'B, h qxo HeBHHHo pas* 
A'hjaH) oxBixcxBeHHocxB sa HXTb ffhflcxBia. Koho^ho, — saRan^HBaexi 
AnxoHOBH^'b — B piniHjica na nepBoe, noxoiiy hxo, ceoibeo hh fiHJTB 
Hcnop^eH'B mjaxexGEHM'B BOcnHxameM'B, npHBU^EaMH h Me^xaiiH^ 
MHi Jiene 6hjio cb hhmh pascxaxBca, ^•hii'B cb HapoAOMi, cpeAH Eo- 
xoparo a BHpocB, EoxopHft a SHajiTb, EOxoparo ropecxnyio cy;^B6y a 

BHJ^il'B B'B EaaWOM-B Cejit, TJifb XOJCbEO BJia^tjI'B HMTi maaXXHTB, — H8^ 

ycx% EOioparo a cjuHniaji'B ho o^ny neiajn»HyH), pa8;^HpalD^^ylD cepw© 
nicHH), He o^HO ^ecxHoe, ;y)yaecxBeHHoe cjobo (xoxa a Cbutb h na- 
uuHi), He OAHy xparH^ecEyro noBtcxB 06^ HcxaiBmeS b-b cEop6H h 
C^BMOflHOM'B xpy^i acHSHH... EOXopBifi, cjiOBOM'B, H R0JiJD6EJrb 6oj[bnie 

CBOHTB fflJiaXeXCEHX'B npHBH^OEX H CBOETb Me^XaHlft* *). <^eiaa MH- 

cjiHXB H HHcaxb HO-cBoeMy, MaJopoccBi He BHropaKHBaroxB ce(5a hbi 06- 
n^epyccEoft aH8HH, — nnmexi kb «OcHOBi> ae APyroft, mojiqaoI xor^a, 
y^eHHft n. H. 2CHxei(Eifl. — Mh o^eHB noHHMaeirB, tto, ycxpanaa 
ce6a OTb yqacxia b-b o6n^epyccE08 aasHH, MajropoccH npoHBHecJH 6h 
CMepxHbift npHroBopTb cBoeft caoBecHocxH,— noxoMy wo ohh nomjiHCH 



*) Bji. Ahtohobhh-b. Moa HcnoB*Ab. .OcHOBa*, 1868 r., aHBapB, crp. 
94-96. 



tiVb OBn^ROl^iBBHOll SftSBM HA yKPAHHft. ^9 

B-b ftTOMi cjyqat npoTHB-L HCTopiH, — H BHaeM'B, qio OHH MoryT:B aHTb 
BTOfi o6iiiefi aRHBHBK) caMocTOBTejiBHO, He npH6irafl rx 6e8noj[e8HOMy 
H HenpoBBBOAHTejibHOMj j^A HHTB safiMj y ;Q)jrHZi> yifa h Asuica... 
HapofffB npeacAe scero Tpedyerb otb cbohx'b BocnHTaxejiefi yBaaceHifl 

K^B erO COCCTBOHHOMy MipOBOBSp'bHlD, BUpa60TaHH0My BAaJH OTB 
niKOJlU, H 8T0 HMeHHO llipOBOBSp'bHie eCTB TO^Ka OnopU, OTB ROTOpofi 

AOJiXHo nofiTH Bce ero 6yAymee pasBHTie. OipiniHTB napoA'B orB 
BTofl noHBH — BHa^HTi pa8;^B0HTB ero Haiypy, snaqHrB oCeaneqHTB 
BlqHoe cyQ^ecTBOBaHie AByrB CM'bmHBix'B KaTeropifi — o6n^ecTBa h na- 
poAa (RaR'B 6yAT0 Hapoj-B— ne o6niecTBO, a ciaAO osei^i!), ROTopaa 
y Haei HMiDTB cociobhuS zapaRxepii. IlepBafl— cb THTyaoM'B o6pa- 
BOBaHHOi, nocjrbAHAA... ho hbi Bcb BHaeM'B, RaR'B b'b PogcIh Hasu- 
BaDT-B HapoA'B... TaR!B RaR'B MajiopyccRaH JHTeparypa — HBJieiiie oy- 
6010 CBoeofipasHoe no Toicy caMOicy, ^to OHa H^erB otb i^enTpa r's 
pajpycaifB, a ne HaoSoporB, RaR'B pyccRaa; TaR'B RaR'B ona Ha^ii- 
HaerB cb o6'BeRTHBHOfi mHpHHH HapojQiHaro MipocoBepiJ^aHiH, Ha ro- 
TopyD AOJUBHa BCTynHTB E pyccRaa jiBTepaTypa B'B HHiepecb CBoero 
j^axBffbiniaro h 6ojLiQ npaBUjiBHaro pasBHTia, h TaR'B RaR'B, cb Apyroll 
cropoHu, era nocjrbAHflfl ropasAO 6ora?e najiopyccROfi o6ii^hiih hohh- 
TuniH, — TO o6i OHi HyaRAaDTca o^Ha vb ApyroS u BsaHMHo cefia boc- 
noiHflDTB. 9x0 A&erB MaiopyccROMy napoAy npano 6bitb HHAHBHAyy- 

MOITB, nWOCTBI) H, CB APyTOft CTOpOHU, BBOAHTB 8Ty JIH?HOGTB, RaR'B 

caHOCTOflreaBHyD cHJty, b'b od^epyccRifi iiipi ajkh o6n^e?ej[OB'biecRHXi> 
CTpeiueHifl, ycnix'B EoropuTh BaBHCHT^ otb paBHOBicin h nojiEHonpaB- 

HOCTH 06iHTh HapOAHOCTefl» *). 

TaRHifB oCipasoM'B ROk ROHi^f cymecTBOBania «Ochobei» yse apqe 
H onpeAtieHHie BiiipHCOBajucB rb nepxu A^MORpaTHBMa h $eAe- 
pausMa, saRHMH npoHHRnyra bca BOo6n^e HOBMrnas yRpann- 
cKaa iHTepaTypa b'b mv^ e& ijmnuTb npeACTaBHxejiefi. Ha- 
irb^eBa xhhjji nOBeAOHUi Ha j^ CTopoHM— no oTHomeniio r'b nojiB- 
CKOM7 H o6n(epyocROMy TaR'B HasuBaeMOMy o6n^ecTBy na yRpaHH'b, 
onpeA^eHU ero o6H8aHHocTH othochtojibho yRpaHHCRaro napoAa. 
HaiTb vb oco6eHHocrH Aoporo to nacTpoeme, BonjEomenHoe nencAy 
npouifB B'B «HcnoB'bAi» r. AHTOHOBH^a, ROTopoe Bnocji'bACTBiH, b% 
70-x'B roAaxi, coBAajio TaKyn HpRyD nojiocy b'b o6n^epycGROfi »h3hh, 
'zapaKTepH8yeMyx)«Raion^MHCfl ABopflHaMH». IIo ycjioBiHM'B yRpaHHCROfl 
XH8HH 3X0 HacTpoeHie cRasaiocB sa^cb panBme, xoth no xi^ifB se 
yciOBiflM'B H He npio6p'bJio ctojib cavBHaro pasiiaxa h HHTeHCHBHocTH, 
qxo, BnpoHeiTB, He MtmaeTB ero onpeA^JieHHocTH h tjlj6okouj SHa^emH) 
vb HcropiH pocTa yRpanncRaro caMOcosHaHifl. 

XapasTepHoS b'b to se BpeiiH oco6eHHocTBE0 yRpaHHCKHX'B npo- 
rpamiHBix'B BaaBieHil Ha^ajia 60-xt» foaob'b BBXHeTCH hxx anojuTH^* 
HOCTB, Hx% paBHOAymie, mosho cRasaTB n^Bxe — npeHe6pesflTeuHoe 



*) n. atHxeiiKift. PyccKifl naTpioTHSMx. ^OcHOBa**, 1862 r., MaprB, crp, 
17. 18, 19, 20. 



30 C. B $ P E M B "B. 

OTflouienie kt* no.ir.rnqecKOMy nepeycTpoficTBy crpaHu. «Hhkto vbji^b 

H3'L HaCL He TOJIbKO HC rOBOpHTTb H HG UOMHIUJIflerB HOJIHTHKi, HO 

BCflKoe (?) nojiuTuqecKoe cTpeMJieflie npH nacxoflmeM'L cocxoaBiH 06- 
mecTBa AO Toro CMfeniHO ii pe6aqecKH HauBHO (!) bi. HainnxT* rjia- 
aaxT,, qxo cepbesHo Aance cquiaeM^ wiiiiDHiiM'L (I) BOBpaacaib Ha axoi^ 
ynpcKt*, — xaKT» aajiBJiaio'i^L jiH[;a, noAnHcaBmia H3BtcxHHfl cOxbubi. 
H3T> KieBa> Bt 1882 r. h npHHaA-ieacaBuiia bi* o6n;eM'B k'l MOJio;^OMy 
noKOJitniK) yKpaHHCKiixi* ftiflxejiefl *). B'l noAoOnoM'L ace cMHCJit bw- 
CKasEJBajiHCb xorAa h cxapmie ;i,feaxeJiH, bo rjiaBi cb KocxoMapoBbiM'L. 
IIpiiHHMaH, «qxo KaHi^Hfl HapoAi) cxpeMHXca BctMH cMjiaMH AyiHH Kt 
pasyMHofi nojiHxiiqecKolt jKfl3HH H«ejiaji'B 6h uocKopie BHAtib HacBO- 
eM-b BHaMeHH aoBynrb: «noJHXHqecKafl h HauioHajibHaa cBo6oAa» — 
OHH BT) xoace BpeMa «A'bficxBHxejibHbix'b yjiyquienifi* Bt 9xomi> Ha- 
npaBjieniH oanjiiaroxxi oxi..., coBpeMfeHHaro npaBHxeJibcrBa!.. *'^) YKpa- 
HHciioe HapoAHHqecTBo Haqaja GO-xx ro^oB'b hochjio, Kaitii bhahmi., 
no npeHMyn^ecxBy MHpHwft, KyjibxypHHqeCKifi xapaKXepi., qxo scho He 
xojibKo HB'b npHBeAeHHHxi saaBjienifi h npHMoro HeoAoCpema peBO- 
jnon.ioHHbix'b BMCxyiijieflifi ^Mojo^oft PocciH», coAepmaniarocji bt* 
ynoMHHyxoM'b yace ♦OxsuB'fe H3'b KieBa», ho h hbi* npaKXHqecKofi a^h- 
xejibHocxfl B'L BHA* H3AaHifl HonyjiapHbix'b KHHrb, ycxpoficxBa boc- 
KpecHux'b niKOJi-b h xoMy noAo6Bbix'b npeAnpiaxifi. TaKoe nacxpoeHie 
npoAOJiacajiocb, nnpoqeMT., ne AOJiro, a y«e b'l cJiiAyioniee Accaxa- 
jitxie ocyjKAeHHwa cnojinxaqecKia cxpeMjieHia* BanaMaiorb noAoOaio- 
n;ee m^cxo bi* yKpanflCKHX'b nporpaMMHHX'b 8aaBjieHiaxT>. 

Ilocjit npeKpan;eHia «OcHOBbi» h BCJitACTBie nacxynjieHia peaEiniH 
CHoBa cji-fcAyexb B'L HcropiH pasBHxia yKpaHHCKOfi ofimecxBeHHofi 
MMcjiH anxpaKX'b, Bxeqenie Koxoparo bT) yKpaHHCKHxi* Kpyraxt 
oSpan^eHO fiujio ocofieHHoe BHHMaHie ^a Kyjibxypno-nayqayK) h npo- 
CBixHxejibHyH) A'tHxejibHOCxb, AocxHrmyK) Kt cpeAHHi TO-x^ roAOBi* 
SHaqaxejibHbix'b peayjibxaxoBt. Ho bt. xo ace BpeMa npHHHMaexi, Sojite 
onpeAlJ.ieHHbia $opMbi h qacxo iiojiiixaqecKoe HanpaajieHie, He iirpaB- 
mee aaMixnofi pojia cpeAH Hacxpoenifi yKpaHHCaaro o6ntecxBa bi. 
60-x'L roAaxx. B'L 1873 r. B'L jibBOBCKOM'b ffiypHaji4 «npaBAa» no- 
aBHJica KOJiJieKXHBHufi «OAKpaxHfi jiacx'b 31, yKpaiHM ao peAaKn,n 
«npaBAa», CL upoxecxoMTi npoxHB'b onnopxyHMBMa raJiHU.KHX'b hojih- 
XHKOBT>. BT) 4(jiHC'i^fe» HaxoAHMX Me«Ay npoqHM'b cjiiAyionUa cxpoKH: 
«Kxo... B'L Bonpocaxi, nojiiiXHqecKHX'b h coi^iaJibHEix'b He npHAepsH- 
Baexca Haqajn^ cboooam h HapoAOBjiacxia... xoxti ne HMiexi^ npaBa 

lOBOpUTb 0T7» HMeHM HapOAa H HapOAHHKOB'b H3'b YKpaHHbl^ ***). B'L 

I'lOJioBHH'b TO-x-b ace roAOB'b, KoxAa Ha YKpaHH* Bon;apHjica rycxofi 

'') Cm. .ABCTpo-pycbKH chomhhh* M. flparoMaHOBa, h. Ill h IV. JIlbobt>, 
1890, cxp. 301 H cji. 

**) MaTepiajiij k*l ncTopin Hai^ioHaJibHaro >'^BHaceHiH GO-x-b toaobi. npora- 
Jiaro BtKa". KieBCKaH CrapHHa, 1905, kh. II, crp. 199. 
'^**) «ABCTpo-pycbKi cnoMHHH, H. Ill H IVcTp. 231. 3Ta, KaK-B H nocjit;;yK)mia 

BblAepnCKU H3T> yKpaHHCKHXT>H3AaHift, ^pHBO;^flTCJ^ 3AtCbBT>pyCCK0Ml> DepeBOA*. 



k 



m'b OBmECTBEHHOfi »H3HH HA YKPaHH^. 31 

MpaK^ qjAOBHiii.Hwx'B peapeccifi, HaMHHaeTCfl ofimecxBeHno-nojiuTH- 
qecKaa jiikmesbEocTh HeaaoBeHHaro Bb HCTopia yKpaiiHCKaro abh»«- 
Eisi JtparoMaHOBa, BocuHTaHHufi Ha iiAeflxt KHpHJJio-MeeoAieBCKaro 
fipaxcTBa H Ha iiocjitiiHHX'L BLiBOAax'L 3auaAHO-eBpoueficKuii coii,iaJbHofl 
HayKfl (IIpyAOHii, BaKyHUH'b), qeJOBtKii cb miipoKuti 8pyj^ni;iefi, Cb 

rjyOOMM'L KpHTHHeCKHM'B yMOMTb H BU^^aiOmilMCa ny6jIHIl,HCTH4eCKMM'L 

lajiaflTOM^ — /tparoMaH<)BT> cyM'hj[i^ yAa^Ho npHMHpHTB $eA^pajiH3M^ 
fipaiHUKObB c'b HOBtfirauMu H^eaMtt aauaAno-cBpoiieficKaro coiJ,ia.!in3Ma, 
H noTOMy ero oomecxBeHiio iicijiTH^iefKyR) iiporpaMMy MoaHO nasBaTb 
({>eAepaJIHCTH'^ecKO•co^ia;l^iCTHMecKoii. KpaTKo cuml ,'I,i>aroMaHOB'b (})')p- 
MyjiHpoBaji'B ee, KaKi> «mucjih o coioafloti oomnocTH ((J)eA«pa.in3M'L) 
^jieflOB'B flamero Hapo^a cb cociA^MH 6jii3khmm ii AaJii>HUMH, o cboSoa* 
jHqHocTH BO BcirB npoflBjeHiiixx oSmecxBeHiioft atiiahii, o cou,iajiH3Mlj 
(«rpoMaAiBCTBO»)B'L 8KOHOMUHccKoii c^ept, pau,ioHajiii3M'b u peajin3Mt 
B'b o6jiacTH HayKH h iiCKyccTBa^ *). OroM.iaH iiinvpocyiomuxcfl Hpo- 
rpaMMofl /I,paroMaHOBa wh uojhom'b BH^b k^ ero crarbflMii h ua^a- 
nifliix, OTMiqy sjsjkch xo.ibKO r.iaButfiinie ea iiyHurbi. Ilo.iHxiiqeciiiH 
ipeooBaflifl ero cboahjihcb kt* iioJiHorrpaBiio qo.iOB'tHecKi'ii jinqHocni 
Ges'b pa3JiHqiH Hau,ioHajibHot.iii m iio.ia, Et HeorpaHHueHHofi CBo6oAii 
cjiOBa, neqaxH, nayKH, o6mecxB'b, co6paHifl h coR)30B'b, m> nojiiiott 
aBxoflOMHOCXJi uaacAofl oGmMHW («rpoMaAH>) B'b ea BiiyxpeHiiHX'b At- 
Jiax'b u, HaKOHei^t, kt* ne.JiiBHCHMocxuBOJibHaro coi03a («Bi.ibHa criijiKa») 
oSmHH'B Ha BceMi» iipocxpancxBt YkpaHUbj, iipH -^lewb Han,ioHajibHUfl 

MeflbUlMHCTBa AOJliKHM IIOJlbSOBaXbCJi OAHHaKUBUMU apaBdMii Cl> 6o.1b' 

niHHcxBOM'B HacejeniH. B'B c^ept 3kohomhku ofipaiuaei^b na ceoa 
BHHMaHie xpeooBaaie nepeAaiH 3eMejib h boa^, a xauace opyAiti npo- 
H3B0AcxBa B'b pyKH xpyAflnyixcii, x. e. padouiiMb accoii,ian,iaM^. Hxo 
Kacaexca xaKXHKH, xo, He oxKasbiBaacb *oxx Miipuofi A't^TCJibHOcTa 
AJia o6mecxBeHHaro nporpecca», JI^paroMaaoBT. b'b xo 3Ke BpeMfl ox- 
MiqaexT*, qxo «HHKorAa h HMXAt KopeHHoe iiepeycxpoftcxBO oomecxBea- 
HHXTi oTflomeHilt HO HBMJiocb peayjibxaxoM-B HcoioquxejibHO Miip 
Haro uporpecca>, h iioxoMy noAqepKHBaexB HeH36't»Hocxb ynopaofi h 
Taaejxofl 6opb6H— bhjioxb ao BoopyaceHHaro B03cxaHifl — xpyAHiunxoH 
MaccB 3a ©cymecxBjieHie cbohx^ xpefioBanifl *). 

B'B D;tjiOM'B pflA* nepioAHqecKHX'B H3AaHifi, KaKb «rpoMaAa>», a 
xaKae b-b oxA'tJibHux'b fiponiiopax'b h cxaxbaxx («BijibHa Cni.iita» h ap.) 
jIj)aroMaHOBT> pa3pa6axHBaji'B, pa3BHBa ib u npoiuiraHA»poBajn, uau- 
aceHHBie sa^cb BarjiaABi h, necoMHtHHO, A'b^TejibHocrb ero ihM'b.ia rpo- 
Ma^^^Hoe 3Haqeflie b-b pa3Biixiii oCmecxBCHHaro ABiiaaMiia Ha yK.par,Hl> 
KaKT* B'B o6meuojHXHqecK0M7i, xaKi> H B'b iian.iona.ibnoxM'b cMucit. Ih^ 
BTOM-B oxHOHieHiH JtparoMaHCB^ cxoHXii KaicB 6hL Ha aBaHCiteHt co 
BpeMBHHbix'B yKpaHHCKHX'B xeqeHiii bb iiojmxHK'h h oOmecxBeHHocxii, 



♦) ^JIhctok rpoMaAH" (aCeiieBa), 1878, J* 1. 

*) HsjxoaceuHaa nporpaMMa noflBHJiacb aa noAnwcbio /tparoMaHoea, Ilae- 
JiRKa H rioAOJiuHCKaro bt. nepBofl KHH3KKi .TpoMaAu'' 3a 1881 r. (KeHCBii). 



32 C. E « P E tf B I. 

cJiosHBuiHxcfl 6ojibme]D ^acTBE) no;n> ero BJiurmeirB; b'l csoe Bpeiui 

OHTb npe^^BOCXHTHJI'B MHOFOe H8^ TOFO, ^TO TOJftEO B^L HOCjijpEee 

Bpevfl BoniJio BnojLHi m> o6iiiecTBeHHoe cosHaHie. ILocTaBHB'B uikxao 
CBoefi ^^iflxeJibHOCTH ofin^e^ejiOBiqecKie HAeajui cbo6oaho& iH^mocin, 
JI^paroMaHOB'B mejrL r^ 8T0fl i^jeh, EaR'B npeAcxaBHTeiB cBoero Ha- 
po^a («RocMonojiHTH8M'L B^ n^Jifoi,, Hai4oHaj[H3M'B vh nyrflTB H 
cpeACTBarB» 6ujio ero HSJUDfijieHHHM'L BHpaseHieifB), h 6oiBinyB) 

^aCTb GBOHXI^ CHJTB nOCBflTHJI'B A'^eJEBHOCTH Ha HOJCbSy pOAHOt 

yKpaHHH. Ji;ase 6ojiBine — ofb opraHH^ecsH He b^ cocToamH 6wn> 
npeACTaBHTB ceSi coii,iajiHGTa na YftpaHHi, EOTopidt 6u se bochojb- 
30BascH JiJui pacnpoctpaHeHifl h nonyjiflpHBaitiH cbohtb Hxel toS 
yAo6HoS no^Bofi^KaEyi) npoAcxaBJUieTi yspaHHCEoe ASHseHie. «Ecj[h, — 
HHcajTB HeoAHOEpaxHO ^paroMaHOB'B — yspaHHei^i, qe cA^JiaBmificfl 
coipaJiHCTOM'B, o6HapysHBaerB tojkbko, ?to oh'b He AOAyMaicfl hjee He 
Aoy^HJicfl Ao EOHi](a, to vb cbod o^epeAB h coI^aIHC^B na YEpaHHi^, 
He npHcoeAHBHsmificH rii yEpaHHCEOMy ABHseniio, Tose ne Aoy^Jicji, 
He AOAyMajicH ao Eoni^a, He npeoAOjiji'B bi* ce6'b nana, ^HHOBHHEa»*). 
BMCTasHBi) xaEoe nojioaceHie h neyooHHO ciAjsja emy b'b cBoefi a^- 
flxejiBHocTH, ^aroHanoB'B cnoco6cxBOBaj!% BOSBpaxy e!b yspaHHCEOBiy 
HapoAy ero paAHEajiBHoft HnrejiJiHreHipH **), ciHxSiBniei paHBnie 
yEpaHHCEifi BonpocB cjhhieom'b ysEHMib H fie oxB^iiaionj^HM'B Tpe6o- 
BaHiairB o6me^ejiOB4qecEaro pasBBxia; oh'b aacxaBHJTB c^HxaxBca ch 
yEpaHHCXBOiTB, EaE*? CB cepBesHOfi o6n^eGXBeHHofi cHJiofi, jsjdJRe rkrh, 
Exo npHBBiE'B CB HacMimEofi HJiH npeHefipexefiieM'B oxhochtbca kii 
HaqiOHajniHHM'B cxpeMJieHiflMii yrnexeHHBrx'B HapojinocxeS. IIOABOAfl 
HxorH GEasaHHOHy, mosho oxapaExepHBosaxb Jl^paroManoBa, EaR'B 
cifijiaro caAOBHHEa, Eoxopnfl yHiiOH) pyROE) hphbhjtb yEpaHHCEyH) 
BixBB E-B cxBOjiy oSn^eTCJioBiqecEaTO nporpecca h npiofinuuTB yRpa- 
HHCRoe ABHseHie e'b eBponeficEHicB ocBodoAHxejfBHHiCB xeqeHiflifb. 
OH'B 6uR'b npeAxe^eS coBpeMeHHHXB oGn^ecxBeHHO-nojinxH^ecRHXii 
napxifi na YRpanHi h jryqniifl cxopoHU etl nporpauifB yse fb ero 
pa6oxaxx HaxoAHm ocBimenie h ^acxo o^chb MtxEyi) ^opiiyiH- 
poBRy. 

A'bflTeiBHOCTBK) ^aroM aHOBa aah'b 6hun> xej^OE^ co^iaJ[HCXH^ecROl(7 
ABHseniK) na yRpaHHCROfi nowb— CHa^aia B'B Tdjomimiy RyAa ero 

HAeHlTB H HSAaHifllfB AOCXyHli 6£U'B GB060AHi6. G'B ROHn;a 70-X'B rOAOB'L 

GpeAH npeAGxaBHxejieft MoioAcro noROJiiflia b^ Fajin^HH* ($paHRO, 
nasjiHR'B; Tepiei^Edfi h ap*) BOSHHRaexo^ bhojeh^ onpeffibjieHHoe co- 
niajiHGXH^ecRoe xe^eme, npio6p'hBniee B'B rohi]^ 80-x'b it. yxe $opMy 
napxiJiHofi opraHHsai^iH, HSBiGXHoll hoa'b HMeneM'B paAHRajiBHoS napxiH. 
YEpaHHa nepesHBaj[a xoxAa OGoCeHHo xaaejioe BpeMH. BeanpocBiiy 
Haa peaKHLff, Boi^apHBraaaGH B'B 80-x'b roAax^ B'B PocciH, Ha YKpaHHi 



•) ^rpoMMa' («eH©Ba) 1878, J« 1, crp. 86. 

**) Cp HHTepeoHoe nHCbMoaCeaa(JoBa E'b ;^pa^OMaHOBy,-^„BHJIoe•,1906 r-, 
MaprB, crp. 71—73. 



Hdl OSnVBCTBEHHOfl SH3HH HA yRPAHHfi. 33 

npio6p'k9a $opMu cauaro HyAOBHmHaro rflexa, Kasoll tojibko mosho 
npeACTaBHTL. JlHTepaxypa yspaHHcsafl cespeTHuirB yKasoMi* 1876 roAa 
ofipe^ena 6uj[a na CMepxB, Hai(ioHaja»Hull j^jxi* yspaHHCRaro Hapo^a 
H ero Tpe6oBaHia 6e8noii^sg^o no^aBJUJincb h 6wui coBepmeHHO j[h- 

meBU B08MOSHOCTH CaMOBUpaseHlfl Aase B'B TaKHXI* HeBHHHUX'B 

npoflBJieHidTL, Kas'B xeaxpL, Mysusa h t. n. *). B'B btomi OTHome- 
HiH 80-e ro^u npoACTaBJEflDTb TaROtt nycTonoposHifl aHTpasrb vb 
HCTopiH yKpaEHcsaro HBEmmia, vb napaauejiB KOxopoMy Mosexib 6bixb 
nocxaBjieHO pasBt BpeMfl, nocjiiAOBaBmee sa pasrpoMOjfB Khphjkio- 
MeeoAieBCKaro 6paxcxBa B'B 1847 r. Bet shbbia chjiu 6&ijih csoBaHU 
HeBOBMosHUMH ycjiofilJiMH; ycxaiue u oxqaflsmiecfl — oi^hh hs'b 
yKpaHHCKHXi A^ejieft norpysHJiHCB B'B MeJio^HyD 6yAHHqHyK> pa6oxy, 
Apyrie coBcbirB comjiH co ci^enu. Ilojraott GeaucxoAHOcrBK) h 6e8- 
HaAesHocxBD B'lex'B ox'B dxoro cxpamHaro BpeMeHH Bceo6ii^aro ynaAKa 
H noAaBJieHHOcxH. TbifB 6ojiie CHJiBHBnrB xoji^soirB saBABmeMy opra- 
HHSMy yKpaHHCKHTB OfillieCXBeHHBIX'B HHxepecoB'B oKasajiocB nojiBJie- 
Hie B'B poACXBOHHoS TaiHqHHt MOAOAoS, CBisei napxie, npHmeAmell 
Ha cirbHy xasi HasuBaeiiBorB HapoAOBi^airBy yse noxepHBmHH'B ex 
xoMy BpeMeHH KpeAHTB Ha CBoefi poAHH'b. 

IIpH HecoMffbHHOiTB BJlflHiH paAHRajiBEOft HapxiH, 6jiaroAapH 
osHBjieHHoB uoieMHKt, saBHsaBnieficfl icexAy paAHKajiaMH h napo- 
AOBi^avH B'B ramqHHi, npoHCxoAnrB h Ha yupaftn'b nepecMOxpB no- 
jiyieHHuxi B'B Hacji'bAcxBO i^HHOcxeS h ^opMHpoBame hobux'b 
K^APOBi HHxeJlJIH^eH^iH, npn qeirB OHa saicbxHO nepeABHraexcH Bji'bBo, 
B'B cxopoHy 60^*66 onpeA^eHHBix'B A^MOEpaxHqecRHX'B xpe6oBaHifi **). 
AtflxejiBHOGXB paAHsajiBHOfl napxiH, HameAmeS vh TssR^iawb 6jiaro- 
npinxnyn noqsy h noAaepsRy cpeAn RpecxBHECXBa h cxaBmefi ba^cb 
XBepAofi Horofi, BUSBajia HHxepeci h Ha yRpanvb, npoHBUBmiflcH 
cnepBa B'B BHAii MaxepiajiBHofi h JHxepaxypHolt noMontn saRopAOH- 
HuiTB eAHHOMBimjieEHHRairB, a sax'birB e nonnxRaMH opraHB8aii;iH no- 
jHXHHecRHX'B napxifi Ha M'JbcxHoS noqn'b. B'B nepsofi nojoBHH'b 
90-x'B roAOBi Mu BCxpiqaeMX yse SA'bcB sapoAuniH oprannsaiull, cxa- 
BBmarh ce6i He xojibro RyjiBxypHBiH, RaR'B 6bijio paHBme, ho h hojih- 
xHqecRiH BaAaqn na yRpaHHCRofi noqs'b. Hs'b bxhx'b nepBOHaqajBHBix'B 
opraHHsaipB hh OAHa He AoiRHJia ao namero BpeiceHH, x'^m'b ne Menie 

OHt COCJPfSHJiH CBOD CJiJ7R6j B'B XOlfB OXHOmeHiH, qXO nOATOXOBHJIH 

Hoqsy AJiH 6yAyn(Hxi» napxifiHBix'B opraHusai^ft e 6oj[BnieK) qacxBio 
BHocji'iAcxBiH BomjiH B'B HHxi», RaR'B Maxepiaj['B, yse npomeAnUS Rofi- 
RaRyH) nojiHXHqecRyH) mROjy h noxony oSjiaAaBiuifi hbb'Icxhhm'b bochH' 
xanieiTB wb nojHXHqecRoicB oxHomeniH. 



*) noApo6H'6e 06'h aroicb MHil^ npHxoAHJiocb yse roBopHTb Ha crpaHH- 
uax-b ^PyccKaro BoraTCTBa",-— cm. cTaxbi) .Bnt saKona" Bt aHBapcKOft 
KHHSK-fe sa 1906 r. 

•*) Cm., Hanp., , Profession de foi MOJiOAnx-b yKpaimriBt" bi ^TIpaBA** 
HE^aJia 90-X'B toaobb. 

Iwjib. OTjit;ii» II. 3 



34 0. E <t P B H B *&. 



III. 



^ajse npH fitrjioicL Bsrjui;^^ na 8Boj[K)i4k) yKpaHHCKaro ABHseHifl, 
Ha^HHas OTB caMUXB OTAajieHHux'L ero cpej^cTaBHTejtefi h ao sodrbx- 
Hflro BpeiceHH, BHHManie naine cpasy se ocTaHaBJiBBaercfl Ha abjxi 
napaJuiej[BHHrB npoiteccarB, hjih — Jiyraie cKaaaTb — flfijxi> cToponart 
pasBHTifl HaJUOHajibHofi jEpaHHCKofi hach: HapocxamH AeM0KpaTH3Ma 
u yrji76j[eHiH aBTOHOMHSMa. Bujlo BpeM2, Kor^a oxiftqeHHUfl s^tcb 
cTopoHU HHiepecyioii^aro nacB npomecca se tojibko He cosna^ajiH, ne 
TOJEBKO He mjLE. HapajijiejiBHUMH njTHMH, HO naxoAHjKHCb ;^ase b'b ni- 
KOTopoifB aHTaroHHSirb nesAj co6oh). yRpaHHCKie aBioHOMHCTu cxa- 
paro BpeMeHH, sa HesHa^HxejiLHBiHH HCEJUDieHiHMH, MOHBrne Bcero Ay- 
MajiH o6'L HHxepecax'B Hapo^a, x. e. xpy^Hnj^Hxcfl MaccB, h Gopoucb 

3a aBXOHOMiK) yKpaHHH rJiaBHUMl 06pa80M'B B'B CBOHX-B KJ[aCCOBB[X'B 

H cocjioBHBixnb BHAaxi. EcjiH B'B MOHeHXH ocxpaxo Ha^ioHaJ[BHa^o 
yrHexeniH uvb h yAaBajiocb OBjia^ixB napoAHuirB ABHsenieM'B h na 
BpeMfl cxaxB BO oaBi HapoAHBix'B MaccB, xo xojiBEO HOxoMy, ^xo cxpa- 
Aanls Hapo^a AocxnraJiH Bucmett cxeneHH HanpHseniH, ?xo, He bhaa 
HH oxKy^a noMon^H, napoA'B hbcxhhkxhbho XBaxaJicfl sa nocji'^AHee 
cpeAcxBo cnaceniH, ne pasGiipaflCB wb xoHROcxflxib nojiHXHHecKHXi 
a0H6HHai;i&. HecoMHlnno oAnaKO, qxo Hapo^^ 6opojicA 3a CBoe co6- 
cxBeHHoe A'^o— coi^iauiBHoe, sKOHoiiH^ecKoe h namioHajTBHoe ocbo- 
6osA6Hie, H npExoMi) se owl ho noHHMaji'B Hai^ioHajiBHaro ocbo- 
SoffineniH 6eBT> co^iaJ[BHa^o h dEOHOHnqecRaro h noxoMy BCHEifi pas'B 
ocxaBJiHJi'B aBxoHOHHCxoB'B Ha BujUD Bce6jiaroro npoBHAiniA, saEii 
xojiBRo saii'&qaJi'B, hxo AopoxH nTb pacxoji^xcH, h He^aBHie cok)8Hhrh 

E B02KAH HBJIfllOXCfl IipeACXaBEXejIflMH ^J7&Ji,UTb H B1^2iSi^e6EUTh RJtaC- 

coBBiXTi BHxepecoB'B. 3a aBxoHOMHcxaMH Ha ysEofi RiaccoBofi noAEJiaAc6 
HapoA'B ha™ He MOFB, H Bcb ycHJiLs HXTi noABHHyxB no dxoMy nyxH 
MaccH AOii»HH 6HJIH HOxepnixB nojHyH) HeyAa^y, npn qen-B A^t^e 

CaiiKfi npHHI^HETB aBXOHOMHOCXH 6UJn> SaxeHHOH'B H HCRaSReH'B AO 

HeysnaBaeMocxH. ORasajiocB, qxo ajia npHSJOLeqenifl r'b sxoMy npHHi^Hny 
niHpoRHX'B xpyAfln^HXCfl naccB Heo6xoAHMO ero RopenHHicB o6pa80M'B 
nepeA^JiaxB, oqHcxHS'B ero ox^ RjiaccoBOfi oRpacEH h nocxaBEB'B na 
HapoAHyK) ace noqsy, x. e. cBHsaBX aBXOHOMHSifB cb BapoAHHMH hh- 
xepecaMH h npHAaBi> eMy HenoAA'&JU>Ho A^^ORpaxHqecEifi, oxBikqaE)n;ifi 
HapoAHUicB nyacAaicB oSahrx. Ohbix^ npomaaro, cb oahoS cxopoHH, n 
oomifi pocx^ A^MOKpaxiH B'B Enponi, cb Apyrofl, aojijkhh 6hjih npn- 
LecxH H yKpaHHCRyio HHxejiJiflreHii,iH) na eAHHcxBeHHO RpinRyio no3H- 
HiM) — oSn^enia cb HapoAOM-B na no^Bt ero nysA^ h HHxepecoBTb. 3xo 
xeqeHie npoHBJiiiexcfl yace btb A^-sTejiBHOcxH nepBKix'B nofiopHHROB'B 
yRpaHHCRaro BospoaAenia B'B jiHxepaxyp'fe h oSmecxBeHHOfi hchshh 
(naqajio XIX ciojiixia) h no M-fepi pasBHxia yKpaHHCKaro ABHsemn 
ycHjiHBaexcH, sByqa AOMHHHpyromaM'B aKRopAOM-B b'b Hanie BpeMH. 



k 



HBIi OBD^ECTBBHHOll 3RHBHH HA yKPAHHfi. 35 

UpHBeAOHHUfl o6iuifl saM'ihqaHiH Heo6xoAHMO HMtxB vb BH^y, npecTj- 
naji Kh o6o3p'bHiK) coBpeiceHHaro oOn^ecTBeHHO-noiHTH^ecEaro ^BHaice- 
Hui Ha yKpaHHt, paBBiTBHBmarocji Ha HicKOJBKO HanpaBJieHifi. 

Bi npeAUAymeMi HSJOseHiH mbi ocTaHOBHJiHCb na yspaHHCKHX'B 
op^aHH^a^iHrB, hoghbhthtb nepexoAHult, noATOTOBHTeJibHHft xapaRTepi. 
H3% TasHrB opraHHsaiiifi vu ynoMapeirB Qjsjbch jiehil o AByxi, rasx 
RaKX HMeHHO OHi^AOCTasHJiH 6ojiBiDe Bcero Maxepiajta a^h coBpeifeH- 
HoS naprifiHOfi rpynnupoBKH yspaHHCKHx^ o6ii(ecTBeHHurB cnjn*. 

nepnafl opraHHsaipji BOSHHRJia b^ Hanaji'b 90xiiroAOB'BBii Kievb, 
HO BHOCJi'bACTBiH pacnpocTpaHHJia cBoe BJniflHie h na APyne yRpanH- 
csie ropoAa, r^i cym^ecTBOBajia noAXOAHn^aa noqBa bi» bha^ m^^cthuxi 
€rpoMaAi^». Hjibhu ynoMHHyroll oprantiaauiH nasBiBajiH ce6H «Tapa- 
ciBi]^iiH» H no HanpaBJKeniR), roBopn BOo6n^e, 6ujih 6jkh3kh r'l ra- 
iHi^soHy paAHRaAHBMy. AktbbhoA Ai^rasbHocTbie «TapaciBi(L» cefiji 
He upoHBHjQiu H HtcKOJiBRO jAvh cHycTfl in corpore boiham bi HOByio, 
BceyKpaHHCRyK), opraHHsai^iio; ecjiH ohh h sacjryxHBanTb ynoBCHHaniH, 
TO jiHniB noTOMy, "ito OABa-jiH He nepBue buhiah bs'b ysKHxi paMOR^ 
irbcTHbixi «rpoMaA'B» h CA^AaAH nonuTRH 6ojrbe niHpoRaro o6'BeAH- 

HeHIH yRpaHHCKHXTi CHAl U dAeiieHTOBX. 

Bojrbe BHAnyio poAb b'l aroM'B oTHomeHJH, RaRT» h Boo6me b'b 
pa3BHTiH yRpaHHCRaro ABuaceHiji, curpaja BceyRpaHHCKan opraHHsauin, 
HaqaAo ROTopofi 6£uio noAOseno Ha o6n^eirB cbisAi bi KieBi vb 1897 r. 
'3aAaHefi efl 6uio o6'beAHHeHie Bcbxi* coBHaTeAbH&ix's dAeMeHT0B7» 
ynpaHHCTBa, pa86pocaHH£ixT> no pasjHqHHM'B M'bcTairL, h 6opB6a 06 • 
niHMH cHAaKH 3a Hai](ioHaAbHfiifl npana yRpaHHCRaro napoAa. B'b sa- 
BHGHMOCTH orb noAHTU^ecRaro cocTOflHifl PocciH HaBBaHHafl opraHH- 
saipfl, KaR% H APFifl hoaoChuh, 6uAa, ROHeqno, ROHcnnpaTHBHofi; 
cocTOHia oHa hbi aBTOHoaiHux^ «rpoMaAi», CBHsaHHbix'b no rnny 
^AepaiiiH. McnoAHHTeAbHUM'b ea opranoH'b 6uAa H36HpaeMaji na oA^f Hi) 
roA'b n^eHTpaABHafl <paAa», a BaKOHOAareAbHuirb — nepioAHqecRie 
cbisAU npeACTaBHTSAefi MicTHurb rpoHaA^, co6HpaBniiecfl Tpn pasa 
vh roA'B. noAoaseme yRpaHHCxBa, b% to bpomh AHmennaro bx Poccin 

GHMUTh 8AeMeHTapHbtX'b CnOCOSOBl npOHBABHiH, CROBaHHarO HeCAbl- 

xaHHbiMH H 6e3npHM']bpHbiHH B'b HCToplH sanpen^eHiHMH H npecA^AO- 
BaHiflMH, caMO co6ofi nanpaBHAO A^HTeAbnocTb opranHsai^iH na yAO* 
BAOTBopeHie HaulonajibHux'b nyxA'^ h 3anpocoBT> yRpaHHCTsa. JI^IiHTeAb- 
HocTb opraHHsai^iH aaRAio^aAacb noaxoMy rAaRHUMi o6pa30M'b 3% npona- 
raHA% HAOH yRpaHHCRaro Hai^ionaAbHaro BosposABHin, 6oAbnieH) qacTbK) 
cpeAH HHTeAAHreHii;iH, B'b cnAoqeHiii cosHaxe.ibHbix'b dAeMeHxoB'b, 
pacnpocrpaHeniH yRpaHHCKOft KHHrH, HBAaxeAbCTB* h t. n. 9to 6w.ia 
HO npsHMy^ecTBy RyAbTypnaa A'faiTeAbHOCTb, HMteraaH u'tAbio noAro- 
TOBHTb noiBy H AiOAeft AJH SyAymHx^ noAHTHqecRnxib opraHHsaj^iti, 
noHBAeHie ROTopux'b Guao HeasGiacHo, RaR^ TOAbRo pocTjb yRpaHHCTfia 
AaA'b Obi AAA dToro naAAesaiuiH chabi h cpeACXBa. He o6AaAaH Bbipa- 
CoraHHofi B'b AGTaAjDrb noAHTaqecKofi nporpaMMoft, 6yAyqH, Rarti. 
roBoparb renepb, 6e3napTillH0fl, nasBaHHaa oprauH3aii;ia EfMtAa bo 

3* 



36 G. £ <& P £ M B !». 

BCflsoM'L cjiy^at BnojcHl AeMORpaTHHCCKifi oSjihk'b e o6'beAHHHJia no^Tn 

B^% CTOflBinl& Ha HaiUOHaJILHOfi nO^Bi, HHTeJUHieHTHUA CHjra Ha 

YKpaHfiH. IIpaBHJiLHaro odn^eniii cb HapoAOirL, ecjiH ho c^mTaTS 
cjiyiiafiHHxi^ cBflseft h OTHomeHlfi, 7 neft ojsjia,m He 6buo. 

3Ha?eHie ynoMHHyriix'L OesnapTifiHKTB opraHHsanifi, spoM'b csa- 
^aEHaro, saKJiio^aeTCJi erne bi> toitb, ?to nocTeneHHo, npH noMonui 
yEpaHHCROfi ny6j[ui^cTHKH, owb jiHKBHAHpoBajiH CMyry upe]ifAjsjm,9TO 
<yKpaHHo$HJiBCRaro» nepioAa h BnojiHi oiipe;('ljieHHO h TBep;io cxaiH 
Ha BauioHaji[BHofi no^Bi. Bthitb^j^o yKpaHHCKaro HaiponajubHaro 
Boapo^AeHiH 6ujio CBHsaHO yse ne cl he^bhue CHMnaTUDiH h, xaKTB 
cKaaaiB, «yKpaHHo4>Hjn>CKH]rB> HacTpoenieMii OTA^jibHurB jleu^^ a 
nociaBieHO na TBepAoe ocHOBanie napoAHUxi HHTepecoBib, qiirB 
coa^^^^ 6^'H jcjLOBis. H jsfis napxiftHofi ofin^ecTBeflHO-noJiHTH^ecKOfi 
jttflTe.ibHOCTH, B^ KOTopofi 3aHHTepecoBaHu, a noTOMy h ne Moryrb 
ociaBaTBCfl paBHOAyniH£iHH, yse h niHpoRifl naccBi TpyAfln^arocH WAa. 
AMopt^Hue, MHrKorknue ajieiieHTu TaKi> nasBiBaeMaro yKpaHHO^HU- 
cTBa, soTopne h a^h caiiHX'B ce6H ne bhachhxh bo Bcefi nojmorb h 
nocJitj^OBaTejiBHOCTH cBoero Haij^ionajibHaro nojioseflja h saj^a^'B, He 
MorjiH, KOHe^mo, secTH sa co6ofi, He roBopn yse 60116 mnpoKExx 
itpyrax'B yRpaHHCKaro HaceieHifl, A^se xofi ropcin HHreuHreHi^u, 
KOTopas cTuxifiHO cHMnaTHBHpoBajra yKpaHHCsoMy ABHseniK). Ho ch- 
jiaM-B axo 6BIJI0 tojebko cosHaTejiLHOMy yRpaHHCTBy, Bnepsue bbi^bh- 
HyBineMy flCHyi), 6e8'B R0Jie6aHifi h RonnpoMHccoB^, nocTanoBRy na- 
i^DBajEBHaro Bonpoca h BfiireRaDH^HX'L hb^ nea nocjiiACTBift. B% npo- 
i^ticcb yRasaHHaro yflCHenifl Hai^onajibHUXB sa^a^'B yRpaHHCKaro 
AHB^eHiH HaH6ojite, MOserB Obitb, BBipasHTeJiBHuirB cHEnTOMOirB 
oiiEJio TO, ?T0 CTapufi TepMHHi «yRpaHHO$HiBCTBO», TaRTB xapasTep- 
Ebifi AM, cBoero BpeifeHH, ORonqaTejiBHo xepaerB BCjiRifi Rpe^nrB Bre- 
qenie OO-xtb ro^OBi h nocieneHHO bhxoaht^ BOBce hbt^ ynorpeeae- 
BJH. HoBifimee naiipaBjieHie cTaBHTB yRpanncRoe ABHseme ne Ha 
Aii-i.iL^TaHTCRyH) no^By jh^ho* jih)6bh hjih npHBasaHHOciH rx oxBJe- 
iieBBOft yRpaHHi, a Ha TsepAoe ocHOBanie peajEBHUxi* nysA^ h hhto- 
pecoBii yRpaHHCRBX'B HapoAHBDTB MaccB. OxciOAa yse ocxaBajicji ojijawb 
luarB fl Ao noHBjieHifl napTillHUXi opranusaiUfi, ROTopiiA ocyn^eciBJUUH 
6u yKasaHHufi npHHn.nn'B wb shshh, npeABapHxejiBHO BonjioxHBib ero 
BTi cooxBtxcxBCHHOft nporpaMM*. YcJIOBia RaR-B yRpaHHCROfi, XaR'B H 
oCmepyccRofi shshh sa nocjrbAHie toabi ojiaronpiflxcxBOBajiH dxoMy 
npot^eccy h pac^ncxHJiH no<iBy aji^ napxifiHBix'B o6pa80BaHi& cpeAH 
yKpaMflCRaro ofimecxBa. 

B'B HGxopiH yRpaHHCKaro ABHsenin nocjiiAHfiro BpeiieHH sBiAaiu- 
meecii anaqeHie HMiji-B 1898 ioa^ — roA^, RorAa yRpaHHCRaa jiHxe- 
paxypa npasAHOBajia cboh csejiHRi porobhhh» — cxoji'bxHifi fofinjieS 
CBoeRj cymecxBOBaniH *). Sa^cb wbvh HaAo6HocxH noApofino ocxana- 



*) Bt 1798 r. BLifflJio nepBoe HSAanie H3BtcTHoft ^EHeUa** KoTJUipeBCKaro, 
KOTopyK) HOBOH yKpaHHCKafl jiHTepaxypa CHHTaerB cbohmb hcxo^humb nyHR- 

TOMt. 



V 



H3T» OBn^CTBBHflOS aSHSHH HA yKPAHHft. 37 

BAHBaTBCfl Ha rpoHaAHoiTB o6mecTBeHHOMX BHaqeHiH jiHTepaTypu, btofo, 
<iuTB Moser^, jiyqmaro Bupasemfl napoffHol shbhh. IIpaBAa, yKpaHH- 
cKafl jKHxepaTypa, nojEyBsu^jnieHHafl HSBicTHUMH sanpeiiteHiiucH, He 
Morjia, KOHe^HO, cjiysHTb noiHuifB h HpuHirb oTpaacemeirB HapoAHinrs 
HysA^ BO Bcem HXB o6'beM% — o nojio6HOft poiH j^rejui yspaHHCRoS 
jiBTepaTypu He mofih h Me^xaxB, ne HMia bt> pysars npejiue Bcero 
opraHOB^ nepioAHqecKoS ne^ara^ — rbirB He iieH^e, no nipt cbohx'b 
CHJTB H yMiHbfl, oHa Bce-TaRH ^ecTHO BiinojiHHJia CBoS Aoirb, cjiyasa 
HapoAHUM'B HHTepecaM'L. H CTOjrbTHill K)6HJiefi o^^mpaJiBHo ynpasji- 
HeHHofi jmrepaTypu 6bu'l o^Hofi hso^ HaHfioaie, Moserb 6£iTb, np- 
vBTb H HarjujiHUTB Hecoo6pa8HocTel, KaKHMH Bootinie TdkKh 6oraTa 
pyccKOH SH8HB. GiortTHift ]D6HJieM 6e8npep£iBHaro MyqenHqecTsa, 
KaTopsflaro npoBflfianiH «BHb 3aR0Ha», MurapcTBi no^ yxecH- 
TepeHHUifB 6;^Hieini DteHsopcsaro rjiasa h orqaflHHoi 6opb6iii sa 
4 cysiecTBOBaHie — drorb thsbjiiiS H)6Hiett AOJnseH'B 6ujrB BHyniHTB 
ero y^acTHHRaiTB mhofo ropBKHXB, ho sa to h ho Majio orpaAHux^ 
MucJieS. JiHTepaTypa, BiiAepsaBmaa ctojibko roHeHifi h npocyme- 
CTBOBaBmafl npH TasnrB ysacHUXB ycjiOBiaTB i^bioe crojiixle, 
o^eBHAHO, HcsopeHOHiK) He nojo;i;aeTCfl: o?6bhaho, jifla ynpaBAHeHin 
efl He AOCTaTO^Ho naqaucTBeHHurB npejqiHcaHifi, o^eBHAHo, ecn 
TTO-TO B'B caMofl SH8HH, Tr5 nojiAepsHBaeTB ee h nHTaerB bo- 
npesH rposHUifb AOKperaM'B o toitb, hto yRpaHHCsaro flsuKa «He 
^ujio, H^TB H 6iiiTb He Mo»erB». *) Stotb DfiHjrel cj^shji'l, TaicHirB 
odpasoM'B, HarjHAHOi HJIJI]DCTpa^iefi HaqxosHocTH npeAnpiiiTLa snaMe- 

HHTOfi II(eAPHHCR0i cKOMMHCCIh o6^ HCKOpeHeHiH», SaKJIEOqeHie BOTO- 

pifi — «HHqTO HaAJtesan^HiTb o6pa30M% ne 6yAerB HCRopeHeno, noRa 
He 6yAerL HCRopeHena JiHTeparypa* — jsfia, yRpaHHCKOfi jtHTeparypu 
BByqajio He HeBHHHOfi myrRofi, a BnojHi peaAHoft yrposoft^ bohjio- 

THBHIHCB B'B HCROpeHHTeJlLHUTB HOCTaHOBJieHiHX'L 186B H 1876 FO- 

AOBi». KpasAHHR'b yRpaHHCRofi jiHTepaiypu cBirpajTB pojiB y6iAHTeJiB- 
HMmaro RoimeHTapiji r'b Aunian^efi rjiry6oRHM'B yCisAemeirB bi ne- 
HCRopeHHMOCTH JiHTepaTypu 8antHTHTejQ»Ho& pi^H BOJiHRaro pyccRaro 
caTHpHsa vh «K0MifHCCin o6'l HCRopeneHiH*. cMnjiocTHBue rocyAapHl — 
RaRi 6yAT0 SByqajm B'B i)6Hj[eMHurB ptqarb h craTbHrB CAOBa ca- 
THpHsa,— BaiTL, Rone^Ho, ne 6e3U8BicTH0 Bupaseme: scriptamanent. 
9 ace noAib jniqHOK) sa cie oTsiTGTBeHHOCTbD npHCOBORynjuiK): semper 
manent, in saecola saecnloram. Jls,, rocnoAa, jidrepaxypa ne yupeTB! 
He yHperB bo b^rh bIrob^I A nocoMy RaR'B 6hi naHi cl namefi rom- 
VHCciefi He ocpaMHTBCH. Bee, qro m&i bhahitb BORpyrs nacB, Bce Vh 

tBOe BpeMH 06paTHTCa qaCTblO B'B paSBaJIHHU, qaCTBIO B'B HaBOBli, — 

OAHa jraxepaxypa ocTaHexcji jsjbjLov) h nenoROJoieCHMOK). OAHa jiHTepa- 
Typa H3^flTa h8% BaROHOs'B TjrbHiH, ona OAHa ne npHBHaerB cvepTH. 

He CMOTpH HH Ha TTO, OHa BiqHO 6yAerB JRHTB H B'B naMHTHHRaXB 



*) BescMepTHoe BupaxeHle BajiyescKaro i^HpRyjuipa oti> 18 iiojiH 1863 ro:ia 



38 C. K P £ M B '}>. 

npomiarOy h Bt naMATHHKarB HacTOiini^aro, ii bt> naMflTHiiKaxT» 6yA7- 
maro. He HafiA^rcfl xaKoro HOMeHxa bi* HCTopin nejioB^^ecTBa, npo 

KOTOpufi MOSHO 6WL0 6u CB yBlpeHHOCTBK) GRasaTB: BOrB MOMeHTB,. 

Kor^a JiHTepaiypa 6HJa ynpa^AHGHa. He 6hjio xaitHX'b MOMeHXOB'B^ 
wbTb M He 6y;^eTB» («KpyrjiLifi roA'B>). HeyMHpaiomaa »H3Bb a**- 
cTBHTe^BHO ocpaMHJia KOMMHcciK) BajyeBUX't, lOae^oBH'iefl h K** h ea 
KaxeropHqecKOMy «He Cwjio, Hixt h 6HXb no Moaex^» (jiaxepaxypu) 
npoxHBonocxaBHJia CBoe He Men'be KaxeropH^ecKoe: «He 6100 xasHX^ 
MOMCHxoB'B (ynpasAHeHia MxepaxypH), HirB h He 6yAex^». Ha iteft 
cxopoH'b OKaaajiaGb no6'bAa, mh jse seaeM^... 

H BOXTb jHxepaxypa, Hac^nxuBaroniaa cxo jrbvb cBoero cymecxBO- 
BaHifl, Ad> en^e no^'B o6yxoM'B xaKHX'B HecjiBrxaHHHXii npHx^cHemft, 
MoacexT> 6HXb, BnepBHe ocxanoBHjia na cefit BHHMauie mnpoKHX'B 
oSmecTBeHHux'B KpyroBB na YKpanHi. HyejiH^Hoe npasjipoBaflie «Be- 
jiHKHX poKOBHH* BO JIbbob*, Kiesi E h4koxophxt» jipyrHXTb dojiie . 
KpynEHXTb i^eHxpax'B yKpaHHCKofi schshh, pasHeceflHoe cxoycxofl mojt- 
Bofi no Bceft yKpaHHt, naBipHoe He OAHoro, coBepmeHHo ao xoro npe- 
MeHH HecosnaxejiBHaro bi> nai^oHajibHOM'B cmhcjiI, yKpaenij^a pasSyAHJto 
oxb AOJiraro cna, ne ofl;HOMy oxKpiijio oasa h npHBejio b^ yKpaHH- 
cdii Jiarepb. PyccEaa neqaxb, bojibho hjih HOBOjibHo, ho Boo6nie yKpaHH- 
CKaro ABBSReniH npe8M'bpHKMi> BHHManieM'b He 6aj[0BaBniafl, AOJUSHa 
GbiJia xaiuRe oxRjiHKHyxbCH na co6uxie h ci^ CBoeit cxopoHu cnoco6cxBO- 
Baxb no .Kpafinefi M'bpl ^aKXH^ecEOMy osHaROMJieHiio mnpoKHX'b o6nie- 
cxBeHHbixTb KpyroBTb cb nojioHceHieMTi yKpaHHCKaro Bonpoca. Cjijr^afiHO 
dxorb MOHeHXb coBnajiii, Rpoirb xoro, cb H'bKOxopHM'b ocjia6i[eBieM'b 
neHsypnaro BHEMaeiH wb yKpaHHCKOfi jiiixepaxypt; noHBHJiacb bosmos- 
Hocxb Hs^aBaxb b'b 6oJibnieM'b KOJH^ecxB'b h jyqmaro RaqecxBa no 
KpaflneS nipt oejuiexpHCXHsy. yKpaHHOKaa KHnra Ha^ajia npoHHRaxb 
B'b iHxaxejibCKyK) cpe^y, BOcuHXHBaxb h pasBHBaxb qnxaxejiH B'b na- 
n;ioHajibHOMX CMHCJit. HocxeneHHO ysejiH^HBajiGH Rpyrb cosnaxeJibHbix'b 
yRpaHHueB'b, nai^ioHajbHoe caM0C03HaHie pacxexb bx miipb h rjiyob, 
xaR^b ^xo AtjiaH}xcfl y3Be bo3MO»hhmh xaRin BHymnxejibHUHy no xony 
BpeMeHH, AeMOHCxpai^iH yRpaHHCiBa, RaR-b HM%BuiiH Mtcxo npH oxKpu- 
xiH naMflXHHRa KoxjiapeBCROMy B'b HojixaB* hih bo BpeMa 8o6flJiefi- 
Haro qecxBOBaHiH H. B. JiHceHRa fb Kiesi (1903 r.). Yae He ox- 
AiiibHHe «yRpaHHO(J)HjiH» hjih nefiojibniie RpyaKH cqHxaroxb ce6H cbh- 
saHHHMH CL yRpaHHcxBOM-b, — HOA'b AaBJieHieM-b npaBHxejTbcxBeHHaro 
npecca Hapo^HJiocb yRpasHCRoe o6nxecxBOy Roxopoe, He cRpBisaflCb, bu- 
cxynaao na ny6jiHqHyio apeny h sacxaBJiflio roBopnxb 066*6 h ffpysefi^ 
H HeApyroB'b. B'b caMoii'b A'i^Ji'6 -^^.paRxepHufi h 8acjiysHBaK)n;ifl bhh- 
HaniH ^aRXi>: Bparn yRpaHHCRaro ABHaRenifl, o6xoAiiBmie ero npespH- 
xejibHo-ropAejiHBhiM'b MOJi'iaHieM'b b^ npoAOjiiKeHie npe^wAyntaro ne- 
piofla (80 — 90 rr.), xenepb cHOBa HaqHnaHxrb BOBBHniaxb rojiocB, ne 
6pe8raH asukg xaRHMH cpei^cxBanH, RaRls nynxenbi 6iiae b'b flfbjio na 
apxeojiorHHecROM-b cvkdjiik bi> KieB* (b'b 1899 r.). ycHJieHHoe bhh- 
MaHie, Bnjioxb ao oSbiiHHX'b aohocob-b h naxpaBjiHBaHbfl, co cxopoHLi 



w 



HSnb OBII](RGTBBHHOM SU8HH HA ySPAEHft. 39 

peaKiiioHHiiixii spyrosii fiujto bIphlim'b npHanaROMii, qro yKpanHCTBO, 
KaiTB ofiiuecTBeHHoe Te^eHie, yse nepepocj[o npeAtjnj HeCoJSLBmHTB 
KpysKdBi H rpynn'R u Ha^HHaerb Go6HpaTb sospyrb oe6fl 6ojrib&mH- 
posie KpyrH o6ii](ecTBa. Ha ciiijiyroniett cTyneHH pasBHTiji ABHsenie 
AoisHO 611J10 saTpoHyrb yace h HapoffHua Haccu, h ba^cb BnepBue 
no^GTBOBajiacb HacTonrejiBHaa Heo6xoABMOCTb BucTynjenifl hojihth- 
qecKHTb napTiS na ocHOst yKpaHHCRoft naiuoHajibHoS shbhh h xpe- 
6oBaHi8. 

SI He HHtio BiBHi^ vh dacTOHH^ee Bpenji 3aHHT&cfl noApo6HMMio630* 
fowh napritHaro j^Hsenifl cpeAH yKpaHHCsaro o6n^ecTBa hjth bxoahts 
Vh AerajcbHyiD oirbHsy nporpaMMib coBpeMeHHurB yKpauHCKHX'B napiifi. 
BtriLifl saiftqaHiHy sasiH ^HTarejiB HaftAerB HHse, npHBeACHBi hokjijd^h- 

TejTBHO CB TOK) I^BIO, 9T06l>I flOJIOSHTB MOOTB MOSAy npomJIBLIfB yspaHH- 

csaro ABHseHifl, coBpeMenHBiif^ ero cocToaHieMX h nepcneRTHBaMH 
Vh eyAyn^eMi). IlocjiiAHiH npHHHMaDTCH mhoS b^b TOifB cMUcai, ?to 
yspaHHcsaH Hai^ioHaiBHaH HAen vh sHAaxi co6cTBeHHaro pasBHilH 
AOJTSHa 6litb no bosmoshocth splnqe h ptmHxejibH'be CBxi3aHa cb 

HapOAHBlMR HHTepeCaMH, CJySHTb HlTb H TOJIBKO HM'B H HIlROFAa HB 
OCTaBJBTB 6e8'B BEHManiA Hy»ABt yKpaHHCSHX'B TpyAHn](HXCJI MaCCB. 

M60 TenepB mosho cqETaxb aKcioMod oOn^ecTBeHHOfi shshh to hojslo- 
seme, mo lOJibRO rb ABHSceHin HMtiorb SyAyn^nocTB, KaRin npexcA^ 
Bcero H HCRJiioqHTejibHO paac^HTaHU na noAAopacRy mHpoRnxT» Maccb 
TpyAHH^arocH jiiOAa, napoAa b^ 8tom^ cMbicjrib cjroBa. CBHsaTb yRpaiiH- 

CKyS) EABK) (TB yRasaHRUMH HHTepeCaMH, Rp'faHRO CnaflTb HX'B B'b H^qio 

H^Joe H HepaapbiBHoe — snaiHrB ofieaneiHTb Btpnyio h cBixjiyK) 6y- 
AymHocTB A*jy yRpaHHCRaro Hai^ionajiBHaro BoapoaA^Hiji, OyAymnocTB, 
KaRoft He Vh cocTOHHiH CyAerB BHpBaxB y nero RaRaa yroAHO CHJia. 
8to xaRaa rpoMaAHafl— CMtjo MoacM'B cRaBaxb: naHOoJiiie BCJiHRafl — 
3aAaqa HacTonn^aro BpsMeHH, paAH ROxopoS yRpaHHii;aMi> Heo6xoAHtfo 
Hanpe^B Bci gboh chjiu, npesBaxB Boe scHBoe na iiocjii^AHBOK), 6uxb 
MoaexT., 6opb6y ct> xewHoft cnaoft, — HHaqe yRpaHHCRifi HapoA'B, RaRi 
nai^H, Moaex'B nacxb sepxBofi npeaAeBpeMeHHofi CMepxH naRanyHib 
BeiHRaro ocBoCoaAOHiji HapoAOBi». IIocxaBHBi* npeA'B yRpaaHCXBOifB 
xaRyio cepBesHyK) saAa^y, ecxecxBeHHo eyAex'B nepecMoxpixB rh 
o6iiiecxBeHHbiH chjibt, RaRia xenepB Oojite hjih uewke aRXHBHo Bucxy- 
narox^ Ha apeni yRpaHHCRofi nojHxnqecRoft aHSHH h.ih, no Rpafineft 
irtp*, o6HapyaHBaK)x^ xeHAeni^iK) r'b xaROMy BucxynjieHiio. HeHsSia- 
Haa npH xaROM'B nepecMOxpi AOBa cy6T>eRXHBi!3Ma 6yAexT>, no bo3- 
MosHOcxu, crjiaaena BHiiMaxejibHHM'b co cxopoHU nHmymaro 9xh 
cxpoRH OTHomeHleM'b Rx od^eRXEBHUMii codbixUMi) H ^aRxaMi yRpa- 

HHCROS oCo^eCTBeHHOii JRU3HH. 

nepBOt no BpeMeHH napxiflHoH opraHHBanieft na yRpaHHCRofi noiB* 
6Hja PeeoAioi^iuHa yKpatuetKa TJapmiH (P. Y. EL.), BOsnnKniaa 
npH6jiH3HxejibHO OROJto 1900 r. 3xo 6biJia, KaKi, xenepB cosnaioxcH 
Aase 6uBniie en ^JieHhr, «(He6o;ibniaflrpynna nponaranAHCxoB'B n jihxc- 



40 ^ C. E * P E M B T». 



-r-v«,| 



paTopoB'B» /*"), 6q3t> onpe^ijieHHoS, npH6aBHMi», nporpaMMU, oco6eHHO 
vb aKOHOMHqecKHX'B BOupocax'B; roBopA Btpete, 8to 6ujrB 6jioirb 
BecBMa paBJSLH^Hux'B ajeiieHTOB'B, cnaaHHurb, ci oahoA cTopoHK, co- 

lUaJIHCTH^eCKHMH B'B CaMOlTB mEpOKOlCB CMUCJit BTOrO CJOLOBa TOHj^eH- 

ly^MH, a CB jQipyrofi — Kpafine OTpHi^axejiBHuirB OTHomemeM'B ki npe- 
AUAymnifB TeqeHifliTB yKpaHHCEofi o6n(ecTBeHHofi shbhh. Paaom'b h 
oAHOBpemeHHO ci P. Y. n. noaBHiocB 6buio h jipjroe poACXBeHHoe 
eft xeieHie, npe;tcTaBJieHHoe CotiiHAiemuHnoio ynpatucbKoio Uapmieio 
(C. y. n.)« onpeA'bjieHHie HaM'fcqaBnieft cboh OTHomeHiH ri* o6mfiuj 
yRpaHHCKOMy ^Hsemio, ho 8to nocjiiAHee ABHsenie osasajiOGB na- 
cTOJttKO cjiaeHMt, ^TO C. Y. n. npocymecTBOBaia ne 6ojAe 2 — 3 
jiirb H BnocjiiACTBiH coBepmeHHO cjuwacb cb P. Y. n. IIocjrtAHiDK) 
OTHocuTeJiBHO Ofl yKpaHHCKHTB nocTyjaTOB'B jier^e xapaKTepHsoBaxb 

OXpHIiaxeJIBHBIMH, ^llfB HOJOLOSHXeJIBHUMH, ^epxaMH — X^M'B, ^xo OHa 

oxpHi^ajia, a He ^ero Ao6nBajiacB. Bucxynaa — h BnojSLHi cBoeBpe- 
iceHHO — Ha apeny nojmxH^ecKoS a^xcjibhocxh, P. Y. n. nepeiiidaia 
jiyK'B B'B o6paxHyio cxopoHy, BOBce oxpni^aa BcaKyro Boo6me KyjRxyp- 
Hyro pa6oxy na yKpaHHCKofl noiBi, — oaho BpeMa ciobo «KyjiBxypHHK'B» 
B'B ycxaxi ^jieHOB'B napxiH cqHxajiocB OAHEicnb hbi* nanSoJite ocKop- 
6HxejiBHBix'B annxexoB'B, — h coo6padHO cb axuiTB ne npHSHaBaa Bosce 
A'baxejiBHOcxH cbohx'b npeAmecxBeHHHROB'B. Kasii axo BcexAa 6BiBaexi 
CB cHBanaMH HenoMHflnitHMH», B'B xeopexnqecKHX'B BsrJUiAax^ h B'B 
npaRXHqecKHxi> jiitftcxBiflrB ynoicflHyxoS «He6oj[Bniott rpyiinH» i^apHrb 
nojiHHft xaocB, qxo o^enB qyBcxBHxejn>HO oxpaasajiocB na napxifinuucB 
QA HSAamflX'B. IlepBoe HSAanie napxin, 6poniK)pa «CaMOCTifiHa 
yRpa3LHa», 6BLII0 oco6eHHO aprhicb noRasaxejieM'B CMyxBi h xaoca 
rocnoAcxBOBaBfflHX'B B'B pff^aTB P. y. II. ^ocxaxoiHO cRasaxB, tto 
«coBpeMeHHafl MOJOAafl YRpanHa^, no xepMHHOJioriH HasBanHoS 6po- 
mupBi, «c^Hxaex'B ce6ji nenocpeAcxBeHHBUi'B HacjrbAHHROirB IIIeBqeHsa, 
a xpaAHii;iH efl bocxoahi^ R'b Masen'ib, XMejBHHiiROMy h Ropoin 
JI,aHHjiy, ocxaBJiflji b-b cxopoffb yRpaHHO$HJiOB'B» **). Birhci* cb yRpae- 
HO^HjiaMH «MOJiOAafl yRpafiHa», RaR'B brahitb, npocMOxp'kia h ^pa- 
roManoBa, ne roBopa yse o APyrHxnb xeqenlax'B B'B yRpaHHCROifB 

ABHSOHiH, ROXOpUJi HeCOHH'bHHO AOJtSHH 6I1LIH OXpaBHXBCfl Ha 6X0 

coBpeiieHHOft ^HsioHOidH. yrjiy6HBniHCB B'B cjuiniROirB cbAyK) cxapHHy 
BOJioxB AO «Ropojui ^aHHJia*, napxifl ecxecxBOHHO ne Hanua HH^ero 
jiy^maro jim coBpeiceHHOcxH, RaR'B BBiABHHyxB ycjiOBm nepeacjiaBCRaro 



*) Cm. nJloKJi&A'h yKpaHHbCKOi Coi^iaJiAeMORpaTHiHoi* Po6iTHHHoY Ilap- 
Tii Poccii Mi»Hapo;^HOMy couiflJucTHiHOMy KonrpeccoBi b mryArapTi*. JIbbobi* 
1907, cTp. 1. Otm'^^tbm'b KCTaxHy HTO HasBaHHaa 6poniK)pa sBJUieTca Heo6i)iK- 

HOB6HHO I^'bHHUM'b J^OKyiCeHXOMl He XOJIbKO OTHOCHXeJIBHO, xaKii CRasaTB, 

aM6pioJioriH yKpaHHCKoft coipajiAOMORpaTiH, ho h ea anaxoidH h (|)H3ioj[orlH. 
K'b eoacaJi'bHiio, si He Mory sa'^cb HcnojibsoBaTB ero B'B naA^ieacanieft cxeneHH, 
xaRii KaKB 3T0 cJiHmKOM'B oTBJieKJio 611I MeH^i oTTf HpeACTOAii^eft MH'b Heno- 
cpeACTBeHHoft 3a;^aHH. 

*♦) .CaMocTiflna YKpaiHa*, npoMOBa. BH;^aHe P. Y. n., h. I, JIbbIb, 1900. 
Cxp. 19, 



\ 



H3^ OBUpCTBEHHOft SH8HH HA 7KPAHHft. 41 

jKoroBopa h hojioxhtb ero Tpe6oBaHifl wh ocHOBy cBoefi ffftflTejibHocTH: 
ujbih es, — <B03Bpaii^eHie naifb npaB'B, onpextJieHHiix'B nepeacjiaBCKoi 
soHCTHTyiiiieft 1654 roAa, cb pacnpocTpaHeHieirb en na bcd xeppH- 
Topix), saHEMaeMyiD yRpaHHCKHirb Hapo40]r& vh PocciH» *). IIsiTH- 
CTaffy xoTfl H AOCTaxo^iHO TyMaHHaa ^paseoiorifl, naTeTH^ecm bocuh- 
uaHlfl, npoTHBop'&^Jui, ^^asTH^ecm oniHfiRE, nenpoATMaHHue o6puBKH 

COIliaiHBMa H AOBOABHO OTSpOBeHHUS mOBHHHBirB — CnJieJIHCb BTi dTOl 

6ponix)pi wh xaKofi BanyraHHut yseiTB, EaKofi napiiji oKasajtacb, 
o^eBHAHo, He wb cocxoHHiH pacnyraib, a npexno^a paapyfiHTb. OHa 
csopo orpeiuacB otb nepnaro CBoero HBAaniH, aroro nepBopoAHaro 
rpixa, H npHBepsenipi «catfOCTiSHOl[ yspalHH» bua^ihjihcb h8i» P. 
y. n., o6pa80BaB% HOByio opraHHsaipH) (yspalfHCBEa HapoAHH naprm), 
KOTopott HHse. Tkwb He Mente u nocjrb BToro P. Y. II. ne CRopo 
enie OGBo6oAHj[acB otb Koiefiamfi h BHyrpeHHJiro TpeniH pasHopoA- 
HUTB BJieMeHTOB'B, AOXOAH^aro AO laKofi cTeneHH, ^to uenu bo bch- 
soifB ciy^a-b nai^loHaiBHoft opraHHBaifiH ho npH8HaH)i-B BOBce Ha^lo• 
HaiLHaro Bonpoca, c^nrafl ero <He cyn^ecTByDn^HifBy, Kas^ Bupa- 
3HJECH RTO-To vb napTiKHOMi opraHt «npai^». 3a to b'b cij^epi 
ofin^ecTBeHHO-nojHTH^ecsHX^ BOiipocoBi napTiH nocTenoHHo H^erB b'b 
HanpasjieEiH coiuajiAeMOKpaTHHecKoft aoktphhu, KasoBaa bb Tony 
BpoMeHH yase Hirbjia Ha yspaHHCKOfl no^B'b oiAiiBHyio rpynay (C.-A.)» 
npaB^a, HH^iifB ce6H ne npoHBHBOiyK), RpoMi HSAaniH AByrB-xpex'B 
(JpoHiiopi. nepesHB'B B'B Ha^ajit 1905 r. kphbhcb, KorAa ^acxb 
P. y. n. OTKOJioiacB H ocHOBaia xaKi nasHBaeMyio «Coi;1ajiAe]io- 
KpaTHT[ecKyK) CniirKy» hoa'b KpfiuumKOifB poccificKofi co^iaJIAeKOKpa• 
xiH, P. y. n. vb KOHi^t xoro se ro^a opraHHsyexcH h caMa B'B co- 
ipaiAeMOKpaTHqecKyK) napxiio, npHHHFB h HOBoe HasBaHie — VKpaiHCbKa 
doi^ixjideMOKpamuHHa PoSimnuna IlapmiH {Y. C.-Ji,. P. U.). TaraMi 
odpaaoiTB, npofiA^ AObojibho cjioamyio bbojiidiuio, napxin npioCpijia, 
HaROHe^By onpeA'&ieHHKfi oGjihk'b, hphhhb'b HBBicxHyD HAeojoriio, 
Vh KOTopoft orB o6n^epoccificKofi coniajiAeMOKpaxiH oxjEH^aexoH xojibro 
xpeGoBameifB aBxoHOMiH y KpaHHBi. IIoKa axo xpeCoBanie— eAHHCXBOHHoe, 
Yxo jAepsHBaerB yBpaHHCRnrB coqiajiABMORpaxoFB na poAHofi no^st 
H vb nojioacemH hxi, saKi napxin yspaHHCKOtt, neJiBSfi ne bha^tb 
6ojiBinofi onacHocxH. y»e h xenepB hitb coCjaBHHxejcBHO yjEiGaexcH 
nepcneKTHBa «coeAHHeHi& BC':brB Haii;ioHaj[BHB[xx npojiexapcKHrB 
apMifi noA> snaiieHeM'B oahhoS rocyAapcxBOHHofi (I) coi^ajiAeMORpa- 
xHqecRofi napxifl PocciH, cb oC^efl nporpaBOiofi h xaRXHROfi* **), hjih, 
roBopfl HHUMH cjOBaMH, norjSLon^eHJe ii;eHxpajiHcxHqecRHMn ajieMeHxaMM. 
'^xo 6yAen xoxAa (tb xpeGoBanieMi aBxonoMiH yRpannu — saraAUBaxB 
nosa H3jiHinHe, xoxh cyABfia ynouAHyxoS Bume «GniJiRH», coBepmeHHO 
yxpaxHBHiefi nepsoHaqajBHHfi yRpaHHCRiS xapaRxep'B n Aa»ce Bpa«A66fi« 



*) Ibid., cxp. 21. 
**) Cm. miTHpoBaHHiiia y»e .AoKJiavZ^B*, cxp. 12. 



42 C. £ ^ P E M B 'b. 

oTHOcameflcjat lenepB k-b yKpaHHCKOMy ABHaceHiio, MoacerB cjiyaHXB 
BecBiia noy^HTejiBHHM'B b'b STOWh OTHomeHiH npei;eAeHToin>. 

EaicB fl ynoMHHaji'B yse, otl loro se RopHfl «GaMOCTifiHott 
yKpalHHi, no;ri» SHaiieHeMi KOTopofi BUCxyimjiH b'b CBoe Bpeiui npe^- 
inecsTBeHHHRH HUHiniHHX'B yspaHHCKHX'B conjaJAeMOKpaTOB'b, BCAerB 
CBoe Ha^ajio h apf^^ yspaHHCiKafl Haii;iOHajii»Hafl opraHHsai^A — 
yKpamcbKa Hapoduji Jlapmin (Y. H. 11.). Ho ecjiH nepBMe nyxeMi 
AOKoaBHO cjioafflofi sbojiboiph ;npHCTajiH rfeM-B He MeH4e kt> onpe^*- 
jeHHOMy 6epery, to Bxopaa npoAOJiacaeTb h ao chxi» nop-B hochtbcji 
6ea% pyjifl h 66371 b^tphje'b no 6e36pe»CH0Hy MopK) cxapofi ^paseojio- 
riEi R npoTHBoptqifi <CaMOCTifiHO^ yEpalHH» h Apyrnxi cbobxti HSAa- 
Hiii B'B TOMi* ae j^yx* *). He oxpasHjiHCB na Heft Aaate 6ypHBiH 
CDOMTia nocjiiAHiix'B jrbrB, KaKii nosasuBaerB cocTOflBinlficfl B'B npo- 
mjioMi> ^OJ^y cBiBAT* napxiH, eAHHorjiacno h caMO^OBOJiBHO npHBHaBmifl 
CBOio nporpaMMy ^nojiHoft h paspaSoxaHHOft* **). Ty se xaoxHie- 
cKyio cMtcB, KasyK) mbi bha^jih fb nepBona^ajiBHoft opraHHsaiUH 
P. y. n., MH MoaceM^ HafijiroAaxB h b'b «HapoAHofi Hap'riH*, cb 
rfeii^, BnpoqeM'B, oxjuiqieMi, qxo nocjrhAHfla Bnojat p-hmnxejiBHo 
CTajia Ha noqBy canaro Kpaftnaro, mosho cEaaaxB, coBepmeHHO oxapo- 
BeHHaro moBHHHSMa. HpaB^a, cBOfi moBHHHdicB napxin chahxca sape- 
xymiipoBaxB... coiiiajiHSMOM'B, onpaB^uBafl cboh HaniioHajEHCXH^ecm 
nojoffieHifl HHxepecaMH pafio^nxTb h specxBAHCxBa, ho b'b axott upo- 
THByecxecTBeHHoft cm*ch ne xpy^HO bckphxb h onpeAtJiHXB HCXHHHyK) 
riliHy xaKoro opHrHHa.ibHaro coi^iajiH3Ma. 9to ho qxo hhob, KaK-B Map- 

rapUHOBMft C0EpaJIH3M'B, nOA'B BHAOMTb HHXepeCOB'B Tpyi^aI^HXCH MaC(7B 

npoEioBiAyronufi h pacnpocxpanaioniifl neoGysAaHHoe qejiOB-hROHeHa- 
BJiCTHH^ecTBO, pa3AyBaK)n;ift oxBpaxHiejiBHHfi ofohb nanioHajLBHofi 
Bpaafi^H. ^xo 8X0 xaK'B, AOcxaxo^HO 6yAexT» npnaoMHHXB xt ^^ecaxB 
8anoBi3Aefi», KOxopHMH oxKpHBaexcfl ynoMflHyxaa BBime Cpomiopa 
*CnpaBa yKpalHCBKoT Inxejirenipl' b nporpaMi Y. H. n» ***). JI,ocxaxoiHO 
xaiiaie no3HaKOMHXBCH cb opHrnHajiBHOfi, qxo6Bi He ciLasaxB SoJiBme, 
nojifTHqecKofi 9K0H0Miefl napxiH, cb en, HanpnMip'B, «BOJiqBHirB npo- 
jieTapiaxoMT)» ****) h xoMy noAo6HHMH HejiinocxaMH, qxo6fci HsfiaBnxBca 



*) Cm. 6pomK)py „CnpaBa yKpaiHctKOi iHTejiireH^ii b nporpani YKpaiHCb- 
Kof Hspo;^Hboii Ilapxii; (HepHiB^i, dea-B o6o3HaHeHia ro;ia), raaery ,,CaMO- 
CTifiHa YKpaiHa* (JlbBiBi, 1906) h ;tp. 

**) .PaAa" (yKpaHHCKaa raaexa bt. KieB*). 1907 r., Ks 111. 
***) npHBo;^HM'B 6oji*e BupasHTejiLHtia est, hhxT). Bropaa .SanoB-feAb" na- 
cfiT-L: ^Bct JiioflH TBOH 6paTLa, HO MocKajiH, jiaxH, BeHrepi;u, pyMUHw h mch^m— 
3T0 BparH Haniero Hapo;;a, noKa ohh rocnoACTByioTi HaAt naMH h aKcnjiya- 
THpyiork HacbV TpeTta: .YKpaHna AJia yKpaHHueBT>I A noTOMy fohh oto- 
Bciojiy H3B YKpaHHM HyTKeaeMueB-B-yT-fecHHTejiefl- h t. n. Boo6me naprw, 

CKOJILKO MOaCHO BaMtXHTb, CJl1J4yeTT> JipeBHe-pHMCKOfl xepMHHOJioriH, OToacAe- 
cTBJiJia HyaeaeMua ci BparoM-L, no nocjioBHA*: perigrinus in Roma antlqua 
hostm vocabatur. 

***') .Cnpasa", crp. 80. 3to. noBH^HMOMy, nepeBo;^i> cjioBa Lumpenproleta- 
riat. H^MeaKoe Lumpen rr. caMo6wTHHKH cMtmajiH ct> jiaTHHCKHMT, iupuel 



\ 



U3^ OBmECTB£HUOfi SH8HH BA y]U>AHH'B. 4B 

OTB BCaKHXt COMH*Hift OTHOCHTeJIBHO UCTHHHOfl $H8i0H0MiH Y. H. 11. 

H noTepaib caMKifl cspoMHHfl HMiosifl Ha c?erb e^ HUH^niHeS no- 
8HE[iH H 6yjiymefl ^BOJII0^iH. Sko TaerB bockti otb M^a ofhh, xaai*, 
Kone^mo, HcqesHerB h MaprapflHOBufi couiajiiisirB otl caMaro cj[a6aro 
conpHKOCHOBeHia ch A*flcTBHTejii»HocTbi). ^a H TenepB jme oht> Hc^e- 
saerB, KaBi> tojbko napxui ]s,%]i3,QTh nomjTEy ct aficTpaKXHHX'b bu- 
coTB TyMaHHott $pa3eojioriH cnycxHTLca ki npaKXH^ecBHM'b xpeCoBa- 
HifliTB. Tas'B, Hanp.y Ha nocjiiAHeM'B cvoeM^ ciAsjA axa HMenyiomaH 
ceofl coii;iajHcxHqecsott napxm BBicRaaajiacb, MesAy upoqHM'B, sa qacx- 
HyjD seMeibHyK) co6cxBeHHocxB, xaKi* saRi «£!> oSn^ecxBeHHOfi (co- 
^iaJ[HCXHqecKofi) o6pa6oxKt bomjih yicpaHHCKifi aeHJieA'bJiei^'B ne noAro- 
xoBieH-B!..* *) HocxeneHHO, JiocKyTB aa locKyxoM'B, cna^yrB ci napxin 
o6j[eKaK)nilo ee xenepB jiKo6Li-coii;iaj[HcxHqecKie noEpoBu, h xor^a spKO 
BucxynHx^ Hnq'ikH'B He npHEpameHHafl moBHHHcxH^ecKafl cyn](Hocxb 
aa, Koxopaa AacxT> BHorat onpeA*JieHHHft o6jihkt> axMHi, ecjia xoxHxe, 

«HCXHHHO-yKpaHHCKHH'B» AlOJSfiWb. H Wh HHXepeCaX'B KaR'B CBMOS 

napxlH, xaK'B h yspaBHCKaro o6niecxBa sejiaxejiBHo 6ujio 6u, qxo6u 
dxo opeBpan^eHie ocymecxBHJOCB, BaK'B moxho cEop&e. 

TpexBH HBTi coBpeMeHHHX'B yspaHHCKHX'B napxili — yhpaincbKa 
JXeMOKpamuHHO'PaduKaAbua IlapmiH (Y. JI^.-P. 11.)— xawKe uepewHJia 

AOBOJIBHO SHa^IHTCJIBHyK) 8B0JIK)I^iK), HB SaKOHqHBOiyffiCH, MOSHO GRa- 

3axB, H AO oisxh uop'B, 6jiaroAapH qeny napxia cxohxi* Ha pacnyxbH 

MeSAy HCXEHHUMl AOMOKpaXHBMOIfB H HyTJHBBIM'B OnnopXI0HH3MO&ll>. 

Ha^ajio napxiH nojioseno BceyRpanncRolt fisenapxiSHoft opraHHsai^iefi, 
Koxopofi MHOK) ynoMHHajiocb B'B cBoeifB Hbcrb. Bit 1903 roAy> 
RorAa HaAi* PoccieS npoHecjiHCB uepBuo npasHaicH HeMHHyeMofi 

GXBaXRH MeSAJ a6cOJIK)XB3lfOMT> H HOGopHHRaMH HOBaiO CXpOH, CpOAH 

qjeHOB'B ynoMJiHyxolt fiesnapxifiHofi opraHHsai^H BnepBue BOSHHRaex^ 
MLicjiB peopraHH3aii;iH ea wh iiojiflxmecRyH) napxiBo ct> onpeAtJen- 
HOfi nporpaMMofi. KaR'B ocyu^ecxBJieHie axoS mucjih, BCRopt noasHJiacb 
<yRpalHCbRa ^eMORpaxH^Ha napxifl> **), fijiHSRafl no CBoeny cocxaBy 
H BBrjiHAaifB Ri) pocciflcRofi o6n(e8eMCROft h ropoACRofi oprannBai^iH 
H «GoH)3y OcBo6osA6HiH». Ho yace bb nepiOA'B ^opHiipoBaBifl napxiu 
H3'B Hen bha^jihjihcb 6oxb% paAHRSJbHLie ajieMenxBT, oSpasosaB'B ca* 
MOCTOflxejibHyio rpynny, cb con,iajiHcxHqecKH-HapoAHuqecRofl nporpan- 
Mofi, noAT* HasBaHieM'B 4tyRpaYHCBR0l' PaAHRajibHoI napTil» ***), 
upoaBHBHieft ce6fl Bxe^enie EpaxKOBpeMenHaro cBoero cyn^ecxBo- 
BaHis (Bxopaji nojiOBHHa 1905 r.) AOBOJibHO nnxeHCHBHofi HSAaxejib- 
CROft A'i^xejiBHOcxBK) (bo jlbBOBt H IIexep6yprb). Uocji'b HSBtcxaBucB 
coCbiTifi Bi> ROHAt 1905 roAa oSt naBBanHbia napxiH, avfaBmia nt- 



♦) .Pa;^a^ 1907 r., }« 111. 

*•) Ilporpaaoia ea noaBH;iacb Bt .JliTepaTypHo-HayKOBOM'b BIcthhk****, 
1905 r., iDHb. 

♦•♦) Cm. ,naaT(J»opMy yKpaiHCKoi paAHKaJibHoi" napiii'*', Ba^aHHe y. P. n., 
H. 1, JlbBOBi, 1905 r. 



44 C. £ « P £ M B X. 

EOTopBUi o6mjji qepxH b'b sporpaMMHOirB OTHomeHin, ouBTb cjob^jotcs. 
B-B ojffij — HHffinraioiD /^eMOKpamuHHo-PaduKajibuy Ilapmiw^ noio- 
acHB'B vh ocHOsaHie corjianieHLa ROMnpoMHCCB Hesi^ j^obojebho pa8- 
fiopoAHMMH sjieHeHTaMH^ xapaKTepHsoBaBniHMB 06*]^ rpynnu. Ob arore 
BpeMeHH H ^0 cHxi nopi naptiji Bce en^e naxoAHTCfl b'b nepio^i 

^OpMHpOBaHifl, CB KOTOpUM'B OHa, OIBBBJI^HO, HB BB COCTOflHiH nO- 

fcoHqHTB, BpeMfl OTB BpeMeHH npejtiipHHHMafl nepecHOTpB nporpaMMu, 
nepeMiny napilfiHaro nasBaHin h t. u. YiBie hsb 8toS, 6ojr&e ^m'b 
RpaTKofi, HCToplH ^.-P. napilH BHi^o, qTO OHa He ofijraAaerB onpejid^* 
jieHHofl $H8ioHOMiefi, 6yA7^H b'b cyniHOCTH 6jiOKOirB paBHopoj^HLtTB 
sjieMeHTOB'B, KOTopue THroTbsDrB B'B pasHHH cTopoHH H T^iTB Hapa- 
jiHsyioTB npaKTH^ecKyH) A^arejiBHOCTB napim. K^ aioMy Heo6xo;^HMO 
npH6aBHTB^ HTO H HHHimHHH uporpaMMa en, sas'B j^esyjbTaTB kom- 
npoMHcca, cTpa^aerB nopasHiejiBHofi HeHCHocTBio b'b niKOropEixB 
RapjiiHHaiBHBDrB BonpocaxB *)y a xaKTHRa h BOBce He o6o8HaqHj[acB. 
Cjta6afl BOo6n(e A'^flxejiBHOCTB napxiH saBHcnrb, icni KasexcH, orB 
Toro, ^To ocHOBHoe HAPO en cocxaBJHiDrB jboj^h yM*bpeHHO-AeMOKpa- 
xH?ecRaro nanpaBJieHiH, 6j[H8Kie k'b pyccKHMi Ra-AexaicB h no ca- 
MOMy cymecxBy Hecnoco6HHe k'b nejierajiBHOfi iirfbaxejiBHocxH, na ko- 
xopyK) o6pe^eHH B'B CHJiy ycjroBifi HeyMOiHMOfi poccificKOft jcbicxBH- 
xejiBHOCxH. Haxo;piCB B'B o6cxaHOBS'b HeieraJiBHaro cyn^ecxBOBanlH, 
cocxaBjieHHaH k'b xoMy se hs'b HeoAHopo^HBDrB ajieHeHxoB'B, Jl^.-P. 
napxiH He MoserB hphhhxb oiipe;i:bj[eHHoS ^hbIohomIh h sojeSiexcH 

MeSKAy npaBKIlfB H Jti^BHM'B GBOHMB KpUJOM'B, He p'bmaHCB XBepAO 

cxaxB Ha KaKyro HH6yffB onpeA^JeHHyro nosHi^iio. Oxcroffa ynanoK'B 
A^HxeiiBHocxH H cjia6£iH noHBixKH sairbHU ea hh^xoshbimh cyppora- 
xavH B'B BH^i 6e8R0HeqHBrxi» pacnpefi no noBo^y nporpaniiH h pa- 
6oTu naA'B BCHKaro po^a napxiflBBTHH MeJio^aMH. 3xo t^h'b CoJi'ibe 
npHCR0p6H0, ^xo no cBoenry cocxaBy Jl.-P. napxifl HBJiHexcH HaH6ojrbe 
CHJiBHott H cepBeano o6cxaBj[eHHofi hsb coBpeiieHHux'B yRpanHCRHX^ 
napxifi. Hxo ona Morjia 6m cnrpaxb HSBicxnyio pojB b'b nojiHXH^e- 
CROS SH8HH yRpaHHM, 8X0 HORasuBaeTB OHUXB CB rocyAapcxBeHHofi 
JijuoA nepBaro h Bxoporo cosbibofb, rirb xaR'B nadUBaeMaa «yRpaHH- 
CRafl rpoHaAa» opraHHSOBajiacB npn HecoMHtHHOMB bjohhIh h yqacxin 
yRpaHHCRHXB A^MORpaxoBB-paAHRajiOB'B. Kb cosajii^HiK), o6cxoHxejiB- 
cxBa 6ucxpo nojiosHJH rohoi^'b nonsTTRaiA oxRpnxofi noJHXH^ecRoft 
opraHHsai^H h Tbwb caMuifB snecjiH pascxpoficxBO h bb phai>i A^h- 
Hofi napxiH, HenpHcnoco6jieHHOfi, RaRB sume CRa3aH0, r'b ycjiosiflirB 
noAHOJiBHoft A'hHxejiBHocxH. MoKHo AJMaxB — H 9X0 npeAcxaBjiaexcH 

Mffb ^yXB JIH He eAHHCXBeHHHlTB BBIXOAOMB AM HapxiH, — HXO BB 6y- 

Ayn^eicB ajieMenxH, cxonnUe RaKB npaste, xaRB h j'i^B'be ochobhofo 



*) Hanp., BB arpapHOMi» Bonpoct, Koropbifi napxifl, co6cTBeHHo roBopa, 
o6omJia omiopTK>HHCTHHecRoft f opicyjiHpoBRofi: „bb o6jiacTHofl seMeJiBHufi 
$OHjQiB HacTHOBa^aJ^*JII»HecKifl bomjih jiojixbu nepeflxH na ycAoeijtxi, eupaOo- 
manuuxi odAocmnuMi ce(iMOMi'. Cm. .IIporpaMMy yKpaiHCBKOi fleM.-pan. napxii*» 
0;iecca, 1906 r. 



^ 



Wh OBn^SGTBEHaOtt SHSflH HA yKPAHHI^. 45 

jij^a es, OTnaAyn h OHa nperBopHTca bi ofiu^Haro rana idbepajib- 
lyi) naprix) sa yRpaHHCKoS nout. ' 

Bi TasoMi BHAt npeAcraBuercji uapTiftHufi cocTaBTi coBpeMOH- 
Haro jRpaBHCBaro oCo^ecTBa, Tasofi o6iEK'b mAvyrb mxtAmmsi yspaHH- 
cKui napTiH. yse h8% npexcTaBJieHHofi SA^cb fiirjiofi xapaBxepBCTHKH 
saa^oS MOSHO sauD^aTb, ^to hh oxna nai ehzi ne flBuercA He- 
nocpeACTBeHHOfi BupasHrejcbHHi^ett h npeACTaBHTeJEBHHi^ett HHrepecoB'B 
rpoHaAHaro 6oj[BinHHCTBa yspaHHCKBrb TpjAOBurb MaccB, coctob** 
mnx'b r jiaBHUM'B oGpasoirB h3t» Mejucaro specT&flHCTBa — «xii6opo6oBi». 
yKpaHHCJcafl ooipajL'B-AeMOBpaTUi BamiTa opraHHsaiQefi ropoACKoro 
npojierapiaTa h or^acTH BCjrbxcTBie aroro, a OT^acTH h no CBoeS 
HAeoiorifl cosHaTeiBHo ysjioHfleTCji on cBCTeMaTH^ecKoS AlaTeJiiHOCTH 
cpeAH ceiBCBaro HacejieHlfl, yA^iaa cBoe BEHMame, coriacHo cb no- 
ciaHOBJieHiejrB BToporo napiittHaro ciidAa, jibbib «cej[BCE0ify npo- 
jierapiaTy h nojiynpojierapHSBpoBaHHOify RpecTbaHCTBy» *). npaBAa, 
cBOBiTb AeBHsoM'B yKpaBHCsas G0^iaJ^B-AeM0BpaTia craBHrB bbo6u — 
«qepedi ropoA'B wb AepeBHD» **)i ho ecjiH jifiXQ aro ne ^paaa, to 
H B^ TaRoifB cjiyqat AaHHui abbbbi tojibko np^e noA^epsHBaerb 
yuoHeHie naprin vh nacTOBn^eirB otb Ai^eJu»H0CTH vb AopeBHt. 4to 
KacaercH ocTajiBHBirB AByrB yKpaHHCiuirB napiiS, to xoth ohI h 
cTaBHTb cBoett HenocpeACTBeHHott saAa^eS pa6oTy cpeAH KpecTbHHCTBa^ 
ho, oneBHAHo, BBmojiHBTB ee ne MoryrL. Oh% ne wb oocTOflHiH Bnojmi 
npeACTaBHTB ero HHTepecu h, VAJsrb usA Easerca, He cnoco6HU jifiTb 
rjEy6oBie poctkh na AopoBenoKoS novBi— y. H. n. Bci'bACTBie cBoero 
noBimieHHaro moBHHHSMa, a y. ^.-P. n. BCJ^ACTBie soje6aHift h 
HauoHHOCTH Bi onnopTK)HH8]cy. TasHiTB o6pa80]n»^ cpeAH yKpauH- 
CKHXb napTilt wbvb opraHHdan[iH, KOTopaa Bdflja 6hi na ce6a pa6oTy 
cpeAH yapaHHCKaro specTBaHCTBa h npeACTaBHTSJEBCTBO ero HHrepe- 

COB% Ha OCHOBaHiHy CB OAHOft CTOpOHH, HapOAHBDTB HOTpeSHOCTeS H 

Tpe6oBaHift, cfh APyroS — onpeA^^enHoft HAeoJoriH a npiofip'bTeHilt 
oS^e^eJioB'bqecROfi iiHCJia h, HasoHei^, Hamero Ha^iOHaJIBHa^o no- 
jiosema. 06n^epyccKia opranasai^u, pa6oTaIDn^a cpeAH yKpaHHCsaro 
HapoAa, He MoryrB BunojKHHTB AaHHyio pa6oTy bo BceS ea noi[Hor& 
B ooBeiii, TaicB jsAK'b npBHHMaa bo BHHMaHie npenifyn^ecTBeHHO co- 
ifiaiBno-aBOHOMHqecKia noTpetiaocTH yKpaHHCsaro napoAa, ont vb 
6oj[BmHHCTBi cj[yqaeB^ coaepmeHHO BrHopnpyiorB ero, KdkKb nai^K), 
H jifix/d OHOHB ^acTO CB HecKpBiBaeMOK) BpasAe6H0CTBH) oTHOcaxca Kb 
ero aaipoHaJiBHBiM^ noTpefiHOCTaifB. 

HTaai, HHTepecyionieft nacB op^aHH8a^iH wbrb, no ona AOJUKHa 
6uTB, — HCTopHqecRaa neofixoAHMocTB BJiacTHO npHBuaaerB ee na 
apeny Al^ttcTBia. KoHTypu ea yse HaMt^anTca; Heo6xoAHMHe a^ 
Hea daeiieHTBi cynKecTByDrB yace vb 6ojAe hjh Menie fotobom'b bh- 
At — OT^acTH B^ coBpeMeHHBix'B yEpaHHCKHXi napTiaxi, orqacTH b^ 



*) .AoMaA-B".... CTp. 12. 
♦•> Ibid., crp. 2. 



46 C. E * P E M B •!>. 

6e3napTifiHun> Epyraxi, OT^acTH Aase b'b nj^RHTh opraHBsanjjDCb, 

KTi KOTOpHM'B OBH npBMRByjB Sa BeAOCTaTROM'L C06CTBeHH0fi. j!I,iBTeiI>- 

HOGTb yEasaHHux'L dJieMeBTOB'B, noKa ohh dJieueuTdME tojibko h 
ocTaioTCB, Hfl HrB caMflXT) y^OBjeTBopHTb He Moserb, hb i^wh 6o< 
Jite ;iiaTb otb'^tii Ha sanpocH, npeAi^JiBJiHeMue ki hbh^ Hapoji;HUMH 
Maccaiffl. H uwb saseTCH, ^to oAHHCTBenHHifb nyTeHi j^b sthxi 
paapoaHeHHbix'B h pa86pocaHHUxib dJieiceHTOB'B, HM'bioniHXB vkwb He 
MeH'be oSn^yio mpfiOJLOTUo h MipoBOsapiHie, MOseTB 6uTh tojibko 061- 
-cABHenle h B'b opraHHsanjoHHOM'b OTHomemH, Ha no^Bi oiipeAi^JLeH- 
Hofi nporpaMMU. JIbbib npn dTOM'b ycjroBiB BOSMOsaa 6yAeT'B cBcre- 
MaTHqecRaa h njiOAOTBopnaH A'^TeJibHOCTb, paB6BBaH)n](ajicfl reaepb, 
6jiaroAapfl cjiyiafiHOCTH h HeopraHHSOBaHHOCTB. yfipaHHCKas coi^a- 
jiucTHqecRaH napm Ses'B Tore ysKaro AOKTpHHepcxBa h AornaTHSMa, 
KaKHMB OTjiB^aioTCH coi^iaji'b-jieMOKpaTH, napxia, KOTopan, He cnpa- 
BjBHCb ch aKOHOMHqecKHifB TepMOMeTpoMi HacqeTi rpa^yca npoje- 
TapH3a^iH, npeACTaBJUiJia 6u BBxepecu Bcbrb xpyAfln^uxcfl na 
yKpaHHb H rjiaBBbUTB o6pa30M'b HHoroHHCJuHHaro xpyAOBoro Rpe- 
cxbHHCXBa — xaKBH napxia Eaajexca u^i Hacy^^Hofl noxpefiHocxbi) 
BpeMeHH, He xepnaniefi hh saMeAJieBiH, hh oxjiaraxeJibcxBa. B'B npo- 
xHBHOiTb cjiyqa'b B'b xasejiyK) anoxy nepeioMa, KOXAa pymnxcH cxapoe 
HipoBosspiHie h na ero o6j[OMRax'B coBHAaiDxcfl ochobu Hosaro — 
yKpaHHCKifi napoA'B ocxanexcH Ges'B cBoero SjHsafiniaro BbipaBBxejui 
H ecxecxBeHHaro pysoBOAHxejuaL h AOJCKeni* 6yAexi» hitxh sa qysHMH 
B'b HaiijoHajibHOM'b oxHomeHiB jiH)AbMB, Boxopbie Jiyqme b nojmte 
OTRjiBKaioxcH Ha ero HacyniHbie HHxepecu B'b aROBOMHqecKofi ofijacxH. 
J^jisi yKpaBHCKaro ABHseHiH sxorB bcxoa'b 6uai> 6h xaoott GesnoBO- 
poxHofi II HeBOSHarpaABMoft noxepefi, xasBirB cBiepxeJiBHHirb yAapoirb, 
ovb nocjiiAcxBifl Koxoparo eny SABa-JiH baojib* yAajocb 6bi onpa- 

BHXbCfl. C'B XOrO BpeMCHH, KOXAa npOACXaBBXeJIBCXBO BKOHOMBqeCKHX^ 

HHxepecoB'B yKpaHHCKaro napoAa h pyttOBOABxeJbCXBO hm-b nepeniJio 
61J BBOJiH'h B'B qy«ia pyKH, npBniJiocB 6h nocxaBBXb KpecTB naAB 
yupaHHCKBM'b napoAOM'B, kbrx caifocoaHaiou^efi ce6H naaied. OAHofi 
MorHJOfl Ha BceMipHOM^ RjiaA^Hmt oxomeAniHX'B b'b B'bqHOCXB napo- 
AOBi* cxajio 6h 6ojibnie h eABa-jin HaniJiacb 6u CBJia, Roxopofi yAa- 
jiocb 6bi noAHflXb HOBaro Jlaaapa b3'b ero rpo6a. Chmboj'b <My»H- 
qecxBa» ji^a HecoaHaxejiBHux^ jiioAefi xenepB, yRpaHHcxBO CA^JiajiocB 
6ijI cbmbojiom'b peaRi^iH, HenoHHMaHia napoAHHX'b HHxepecoB'b h exBH-B 
oliOHqaxejibHo h fieanoBopoxHO ySHJio 6br ce6a B'b rjiaaax'b yae co- 
snaxejibHUX'B jiroAefi, BbimeAfflBXi na hohcrh jyqinaro 6yAy^aro. 
Cefiqacb h ne HaMtpeH'B cnopnxB cb xtMB, rxo cxaji'b 6h yxBep- 
jKAaxb, qxo 8X0 R'b jiyqmeMy, — xaKie, HecoMH'hHHO, HM-hroxcH, h ne 
xojibRO B'b pflAax'b npaBte xofi RpaxH^ecRofi jibhIh, Roxopaa pacRo- 
jiojia Ha ABa BpaffiAeSntix'b Jiarepa see pyccRoe o6mecxBO,— a o6pa- 
n;aH) .minb BBBManie na nepcncRXHsy, rpo3HHM'b npHspaROM-b Bcxa©- 
myH) upeAT* yRpaaHC^aMH B'b cjyqat, ocjih ohh saSjiaroBpeMeHHO kb 
Hoil He npBroTOBaxca. EAHHcxBeHHoe cpeAcxBO H86t»axb xaROfi nep- 



\. 



r 



n'd'b OfimECTBEHHOM SHSBH HA ^KPaHH^. 47 

cnesTHBu — 8T0, RaKii yse Sujio cEasano, HeHeAJfl BcecTopoHHe 
CBJiSaTb yRpaHHCTBO C^ RCTHHHUMH noTpeSsocTflMH HapoAHurB Maccb 
H npeacAe Bcero vb c(|)epi aEOHOMH^ecKHXTi HHTepecoBi», h6o ^to 6u 

TaM'B HH rOBOpHJIH^ — a OHH AOKRHHpyDrB B'B SH8HH HapOjLOB^. 

YfipaHHCKajj HCTopifl ^aJia nairB BecbMa spacHoptqHBUfi B'B qtowl 
OTHomeHiH ypoKi h mu aojuehu BOcnojBsoBaTbCA hitl h, RaKi orHJi, 
B3&iraTb cTapHZ'B OI^H6oK^ h BUTeKanmnrB ebt^ bbxi nocjitA- 

CTBift... 

IV. 
^a nyHRTa odpamaiorb na ceCfl oco6eHHO CHJbHoe BHHHaHie bt. 

JRpaHHGROM^ ABHSKeHiH. Jifii ^epTH flBJEflBOTCfl HaH0OJ[te B'B HeM^ 

npHBJieRaTejiBHUMH h TaR'B opraHH^ecRu cb hhbcb cpocmHMHCfl, hto 
668^ HHrB H caMO ABuseHie HeiqjcjuMO, TaR'B RaRi noTepjuio 6u 
BcjiRifi raison d'etre, ^epru 8th— AeMORpaTHSv'B h aBTOHOMHSiTB (ea 
^eAepaTHBHOMi* ocHOBaHiB). 

KaRi* Haipji AO caicBix'B hhbob^, ao Ropnefl cboux'b nysui^Rafl h 
noRa oHa TaRofi ocTaneTCK, yRpaHHCRaa uwlia MoaxerB bbihochtb 
na noBepxHocTb CBoefl eaiuoHajiBHoS shshh tojkbro ACMORpaTH^e- 
cRie djreMeHTU, aacRBOBB npoHHRHyxBie HAeefl HapoAOi]D6ifl, co^yB- 
cTBieMi» R'B mHpoRHM'B MaccaiTB TpyAflniarocfl napoAa, cxpeMJEemeH'B 
Au HHxib pa6oTaTB H CBOH HHTepecu npeRiOHHTB npeAi HHTepecaiui 
HapoAHLiMH. Bee, ^vo bbixoahjio ea npeA^JiH laRoro HacTpoeHia, yso 
Tiwb caiiiiiM^ ornaAaJio h orB RopHfl yRpaHHCRofi HapiH, RaRi ot- 
naiH Bci dTH Tepen^eHRH, XapHTOHeHRH, XaneHRH h npo^ie, no- 
puBaionue Bcb cbabh cb cbohbcb napoAOiCB, RpoMi ^hcto BjaA^JiB- 
^ecRHXHEi. JldJL'ke, — RaR^ saiUJi, He-rocyAapcTBeHHaa, nai^la, BBAasHa 
HcnuTUBaiDii^afl rpoifaAHtfimee bjio otb i^eHipaJiHCTHqecRofi uojtaTHRi 
Toro Hjm BHoro qyseflAHaro upaBHTeJiBCTBa — yRpaHHCRaa naipji 
AOJiSHa 6BiJia ynopno HCRaTb xaRHXi ^opirB rocyAapcTBeHHofi shbhh, 
npH ROTopBK'B HaHxyqoiHM'B oCpasoiTB 6£iJiH 6u o6edne?eHBi HHxe- 
pecu efl, RaRik He - rocyAapcTBeHHoS HapoAHOCTH. Ona bth $opMu 
namia B'B (|)eAepajiH8M'b. 

C^ 8THMH AByMH HepTaHH^ AeMORpaTHSMOH'B H aBTOHOMHSMOM^B, 

cBflsaHU jiy^mifl cTpaHH^K[ B'B HCTopiH yRpaHHCRaro HapoAa, na ehxi 

ocHOBUBaerca bch ero CHjia B'B HacTOHn^eM'B h Bcb HaAeacAU Raca- 

TejiBHO 6yAy^^a^o. H naoSopoTB — BaxeMHeme xoft hjih Apyrofi hst, 

i yKaaaHHHX'B ^epTb BcexAa bjorjio sa co6oft yna-AOR'B h nyjibca yRpa- 

HHCROfi SB8HH, AaBaJIO nilll^y rbU'B RpHXHHeCRHM'B MOMeHXaM'B, RaRHMH 

TaRi 6oraxo name npoin-ioe. KoaaniRaa cxapmnHa XVII — XVIII cxo- 
Ji'^xift, cBepnyBmafl cb nyxH A^MORpaxHSMa, BBicxaBHBi rojiiiilt npun- 
ujiwh aBxoHOMHocxH, H 8T0TI Hocji'tAHifi HpHBCJia R'B rHfiejH. HapoA'B 
He nocji'bAOBaji'B, Aa h ne mohb cjrbAOBaiB, sa npeABOAHxejiflMH, h3m4- 

HHBmHMH 3HaMeHH AeMOKpaXHSMa H 06Hapy2CHBQIHMH «SejiaHifl R'B 
HHHaiTB, a 0C06j[HB0 R'B }RaJIOBaHilO» H HacejreEHBIM'B HM'bHijiM'B 113'B 



48 C. £ « P E M B I. 

pyK-B iieHTpajLbHaro npaBHTejibCTBa. C-b «pyrofi CTopoHH, cjaSocTb 6e3- 
ycioBHO AeMORpaTH^ecsH Bi o6m<dWb HacTpoeHHaro cjKpaHHo^HiBCTBa^ 
saBHcijia vb orpoMHoft cxeneHH otb Toro, tto crapmee noKOjAnie 
6jusafimHXB k'b Hani yKpaHHCRHXB /^TOJiefi ho acho h ce6i npeA- 
CTaBJifljo, H Vb o6mecTBeHHoe cosHaHie npoBOAHJO npHHiiHirB asTO- 

HOMHOCTH H B006me OKasaJIOCB CJIHIUKOirb poGEHMl Wb AOGTHSeHLH 

HanjoHaJiBHHrB sajnia^'B BOBpoacAaDmiarocfl napoAa. ^eMOKpaTHBM'E 
6e8i aBTOHOHHSMa Ha HaiiioHaji&Hofi no^iBi, paBHO KaKi h aBTOHo- 

MHSM'L 6e81» A^MOKpaTEBMa, Bl JKpaHHCTB'ib BCOr^a JiBJUiJlHCb npHBHa- 

KaMH cjia6ocTH» spHBHca, yna^sa. H HanpoxHBi^ — coeAHHeme o6ohx'b 
yKasaHHHXB sjieMeHTOBi oaho tojibko h cnoco6HO Aa^Tb yKpaHHCROicy 
Ha^iOHaJILHOMy ABnaceHiio SHSHeA'bjiTejtBHyK) cHJiy h npHBJie?B sb Heicy 
MHoroucjreHHKe pjiA^ nocjrbAOBaTejieft. GoBpeMeHHfiifl nojHTH^ecKiji 
opraHHBaiUH noHfljiH 8to h noTOicy Rasi^afl hb'l HHrB coeAHHaerB Ha 

CBOeifL BHaHeHH JEOBJHrH AeMOKpaXHBMa H (J^AepaiHBMa (aSTOHOMHOCTH 

YKpaHHKt). OAHaKO omH6Ra cynj^ecTByionj^HrB napxifi cocTonrB b^ tom-b, 
qxo offh He HamjiH xofl rapMOHH^ecKoS nponopiUH, xoro Heo6xoAH- 
uaro cooxHomeHifl bxhtb AByx'B aieMenxoB'B, npn KOXopoirB nocjrbAHie 
ApyrB APyra noAAepaHBajH 6h. To OAHOMy, xo ApyroMy BjieMeHxy 
0Ka8BiBaK)xi oni npeAnoHxeme, npHCjinsaacB xo oahoS, xo APyroS 
cxopoHOfi K'B xe^eHifliTB wb yspaHHcxBifc, ocysA^BBBnTB yace Hcxopn- 
qecsHiTB npoi^eccoM'B h secxoKO noniaxHBniHMCfl sa npeHefipeasHxeiB- 
Hoe oxHomenie k'b KaROMy-jiHdo hbi» yRasaHHUTB 9Ji6MeHX0Bi». rjiy6o- 
RiS, XOXfl H OAHOCXOpOHHifl, AeHOKpaxHSiTB yRpaHHCRofl coipajiAeMo- 
RpaxiH cb efl cxua^hbocxbh) vb o6j[acxH Hai^oHajiBHaro Bonpoca h 
B'B qacxHOCXH aBxoHOHiH; npeyBeiH^eHHufi bhjioxb ao «caMocxoflxej[B- 

HOCXH» H XOJIBRO JlfiSL BHAa CA06peHH£lfi MaprapHHOBIDTB C0^iaJIH3M0lrB 

aBXOHOMHsiTB HapoAHofi napxiH', «yM'bpeHuocxB h aRRypaxH0cxB», ao- 
xoAflHUfl AO onnopx2DHH8Ma y AeHORpaxovB-paAHRaJiOB'B, — see axo ABie- 
Hifl OAHOro nopHAKa: axo pesyjiBxarB AHcnponopi^H MesAy AByMfi 
rjraBHMmHHH h Heo6xoAHM'fafimHMH ajieMeHxaMH yRpanHcxBa, KaKB 
KOHHjieRca o6n^ecxBeHHo-nojrHXHqecRHTB cxpeiueHifl. 3xofi AHcnponop- 
luefi H MOSHO Vb BHaqExeJiBHOfl cxeneHH o6'bhchhxb cpaBHHxejiBHyio 
cj[a6ocxB coBpeMeHHurB yRpaHHCRHX'B napxifi, xaR'B RaRi B'B ghjtjt 
yRBl^aHHaro neAOCxaxRa he OAHa hbi hhxi ne Euievb bosuoshocxh 
oxBaxHXB BO Bceft irfijiocxHOcxH H nojiHOxt HysABi H HHxepecH yRpa- 
HHCRaro HapoAa, x. e. rpoMaAHaro SounmncxBa ero xpyAHni^HXCA 
KjiaccoB'B, 3a flExepecaicH xoro hjh hhofo Riacca 3a6uBafl o6'b hhxc- 
pecax-B Dfhjiaro. OxcioAa cjAAyex^, qxoAJa noaBJieHia Ha yRpaHHCKOft 
noqBi seJiaxejiBHaro oSn^ecxBeHHo-noJiHXHqecRaro HanpaRsenm npeacAe 
Bcero Heo6xoAHMO nafixn xaRyK) ^opMyjiy, Roxopaa qyHtjia 6h wb 
cooxBifcxcxBeHHofi nponop^iH o6'BeAnHHXB o6a HeoSxoAHMHC axeMenxa 

yRpaHHCXBa — A^MORpaXHSM'B H a.BXOHOMHSM'B, H, BOnJtOXHB'B HX'B BB 

ROHRpexHofi, 6jiH3Roft H HOHflXHofi HapoAHBQi'B MaccaiTB npoipaMirb^ 
noBeia 6h hxi^ Ha 6opB6y sa BceHapoAHoe ;i^o. TaRoe a^jio bos- 
MOSHO H, noRa yKpaHHCRifi napoA.'B hohxh bi^ hojihom'B cocxaB'b npn- 



HB'B OBn^EGTBBHHOS XH8HH HA 7KPAHH1K. 49 

HapeaCHTB K1» TpyAOBBIM'b MaCCaMl), oho H B'B A'^^CTBHTeJIBHOCTH 

cymecTByerB: 8to ocBo6osAeHie napo^a otb comaibHo-dKOHoiin^ecRoS 

H Ha^i0HaJ[BH0-II0JIHTHqeCK0& SaBHCHMOCTH. 8X0, B^ HaCTOHHiee BpeMfl, 

BceHapoAHafl, a Bificrb cb xiifB h rJiy6oKo-Hai4oHajiBHafl saAa^a 
o6mecTBeHHaro ABHsenifl Ha YKpaHH'b, h6o SA'bcB nosa noHAxie na* 
lUH coBnaAaex7» B'B rjiaBHtfimHrB ^epxaxik ci> noHflxieifB napo^a. 
Tasafl H xoJKBRo, na nami bsfjib^'b^ xasaa nporpaMMa cooxBixcxByexi 
HapoAHBiMi (naqioHajiBHBiMi) HHxepecaM'B Ha yKpaHHi, xaiTB saKx 
nocjs[iAHie B'B nett HaftAyxT> cBoe Bupaxenie, h, cb Apyrofi cxopoHU, 
OHa caMa 6yAerB BcecxopoHHo onnpaxBCH na peajcbHUfl oohobu Ha- 
poAHHXB cxpeMJieHifi. IIoHnieM^ se xaKyio ^^opMyjiy, hjeh, no KpaflHett 
Mipl, HOHLixaeMCH o^epxHXB en ^paHH^u, nojiBsyjiCB ji^jui axoro na- 
KOHJieHHBiirB qeJiOBt^ecKoft mhcjibk) ohbttom'b. 

IIpoAeccB qejEOB'bqecKoS xhshh cboahxch B'B cyn^HOcxH k^b 6opB6i 
Kaa^oS oxAiJiBHOfi jih^hocxh sa HaH6ojiBiny]D cyii m y Aocxynnaro ^ejio- 
BiRy BA^CB, Ha seMjit, cqacxBA. Bb ochobI axofi 6opB6u Jiesax'B, 
cjrbAOBaxejiBHO, aroHcxH^ecRie HHxepecu a^ublhoS jih^hocxh, h6o xojibro 
SHBaa ^ejiOB'ik^ecRafl jih^hocxb, a ne ^^HRXHBHBifl o6n](ecxBeHHBifl 
opraHHBiTB, ecJiH yvB npH6'braxB B'B axofi ycxaptBmefi coiuojiorH^e* 
CKofi anajioriH, ncuuxBrnaerB ropecxH h paAOcxn, ^yncxByerB, uuomrh, 
cxpaAaexi, 6opexca, nacjaaAaexcH, xepnHTB jinmeHiji. ToBopa, ^xo 
8X0 nepesHBaerB RaRofi-JiH6o o6n(ecxBeHHHfi opraHHSifB — oOn^ecxBO, 
Haiqa, sjiaccB h x. n.^ — lui B'B KOEsijb kohi^ob'b xoxhitb cRasaxB He 
TTO HHoe, RaR'B XOJIBRO xo, Hxo A&HHoe cocxoflHie nepeaiHBaexcH 

OXAijIBHUMH JIH^HOCXflMH, BXOAamHMH B'B COCXaB'B OHpeA^JieHHOS 

o6mecxBeHHo& rpynnu. K'b SHBOfi qeJiOBiqecRofi jseh^hocxh, ki» en 
^yBCXBaM'B, R'B efl ropecxHM'b h paAOCxHUi, r'b oh irucjiflM'B, cxpe- 
MjienunrB, A'i^xejBHocxH h 6opB6t cboahxch bch shshb go BcbMH mho- 
rorpaHHUMH 4)opMaMu est npoHBJieHiH. CatAOBaxeiBHo, B'B ocHOsaHin 
o6H^ecTBeHHott asHSHH jiemarB Bce-xaRH HHxepecBi h noxpe6HocxH 8xofi 
aBXOHOMHoS ^ejiOB'faqecRofi jhhhocxh h AJifl noJiHaro yAOBJiexBopeHin 
HXB AOJiasHo ynoxpe6HXB Bci cpeAcxBa RaR'B xeopexHqecROtt Mucjm, 
xaR^ H npaRXH^ecRofl a^xojibhocxh. Hcxhhhum'b AenoRpaxnsMOM'B 
6yAexT> xoTB, Roxopafl 8xh HHxepecH h noxpeSnocxH nanHmexTEi na 

CBOeM'B SHaiCeHH H nOCXaBHX'B HX'B eAHHCXBOHHBIM'B RpHxepioM'B HpaK- 

XH^ecRofl AbflxejiBHocxn; Roxopufi cA'i^JiaerB, noiiBsyacB BupasenieiTB 
H. K. MHxafijioBCRaro, «(|)ORycoM'B CBoero pasMumjieHija HHxepecu He 
EdsiXny He rocyAapcxBa, ne o6ii](hhli, ne hpobhhuih, He ^^eAepai^H, 
a— JiOTHocxH. Ona cocxaBHXTi xoxii i^eHxp'B, hsi. Roxoparo paacbroxca 
AiH BacB BO Bci cxopoHU jiyqH IlpaBAU h ocBixHTB BaHi) 3Ha^eHie 
BCHRaro o6mecxBeHHaro coK)8a». «BGflRie oSmecxseHHue codbu, — nn- 
mex'B xoxi* se aani^HXHHR'B jih^hocxh HbcROJiBRHVH cxpannixaMH 
Bfinne, — RaRia 6h rpoMRia hjih npeABsaro-CHMnaxHqHLia am sacB 
HasBaniH ohh hh hochjih, HBiirox'B xojibRo oxHocHxejibHyK) n;iHy. Ohh 

AOJSHBl fiuXB AOPOXH A^H BaCB HOCXOJBRy, HOCROJIbRy OHH COOCOS- 

cxByroxT* pasBHxiH) jh^hocth, oxpaHaioT'B ee otb cipaAaHifl, pacmn- 
Iiojib. OTfffejii II. 4 



50 C. E<&PEMOB'B. 

pflioT'B c$epy ea HacjiasA^Hifi... JTh^hoctb HHKO^;^a He AOJiana 6bitb 
npHHecena wb sepTBj; ona cBSTa h HenpHKOCHOBeHHa, h Bci ycHJOJi 
Bamero yna AoaaHH Shtb HanpasjieHH kt* xoMy, ^to6u caMHMi 
TmaTejEBHHM-L o6pa30MT» cjiifliHTB B'h KdLSRjiowb ftaHHOM-B cjyqa* 3a ea 
cyaB6aMH H cxaHOBHTBca Ha xy cTopony, Tjsjb oHa MoacerB Bocrop- 
aecTBOBaxB*. *) 

Ho, flBJLflHCB i^eHxpoMi), HS'B Koxoparo, no npHBeii;eHHOMy npoEpac- 
Hoiiy BLipaHefliK) MHxafijoBCEaro, pascieBaroxca bo bc* cxopoHH 
jiyqH npaB^^H, aBxoHOMHaa b-b H^ei jh^hocxb acHBOXTb bt> HaBicxHEirB 
oen^ecxBeHHHxt coeAHHeniax'B, HajiaraiontHX'B Ha nee cboh) xaaejyro 
pyKy H CBa3HBaH)mHXT> ee KpyroM'B onpe^'hJieHHHX'B oCasaHHOCxeft. 
KpoM* xoro, HHxepecH jinqnocxH, B3flxoft oxj^ijiBHo, cjhdikom'b pasHO- 

06pa3HBI, CJHfflKOM'B MHOrO^HCJieHHH H MHOrOCXOpOHHH; OHH MOXyTB 

6hxb HanpaBJieflH h kte» Ao6py, h ko 3Jiy oKpyacaBomHX'B jiH^HOcxefi, 
OHH Moryxi> nepenyxHBaxBCfl, pacxoAHXBca h cxajEHBaxBca cti HHxe- 
pecaMH ^ipyxHX'B aBxoHOMHBix'B »e JiH^HOCxefi H BecxH ynopnyH) 6opB6y 

CB HHMH. OXBaXHXB HX'B Vb XaKOfi TOJIOfi, a6cXpaEXH0fi ^Opirb HJIH 

yejrbAHXB bi RaicAoicB Aa>HHoirB cjiy^at sa cy;i>6aMH jih^hocxh, ne 
ycxaHOBHBi o6ni;aro, CHHxesHpyiomaro naiajia, oqeBH^Ho, ne npe^^cxa- 
BJiaexcfl BosMoacHuicB. npaB^a, jihhhocxh, SHsynuH npn 6ojrbe hjih 
Menie OAHnaKOBBix'B ycjioBJuDCB h hoj^Ti oahhmh BiisHiflMH, Bupa6a- 
TUBB,JOTb Wb ceSi MHoro OAHHaKOBBixi se o6mjiLxi> qepxi>, A^H)^^[rB 
B03MoaHOcxB HHiiHBHjuyajiBHHe HHxepecH JIH^IHOCXH AO ffbKoxopofl cxe- 
noHH CHHxesHpoBaxB Wb Hnxepecaxi o6D(ecxBa, nai^in, oacca use 

HHOfi KOJUEeKXHBHOfi eAHHHIi;BI. Ho 3a BC'bM'B vbu^b H B'B npeA^BXB 

xasofi eAHHHi],Bi ocxaexGH mnpoKoe, cjrnmsoM'B mnpoEoe nojie ji^jlsl 
npoHBJieHia HHAHBHAyajrBHHXT> HHxepecoB'B h 6opb6bi sa bbx-b cb ffpy- 
THMH qjienaMH toUl me eAHHH^H, h BejtHKa onacHocxB ne nafixH bh- 
xo^a H3'B Bxoro JiafiHpHHxa cxajEKHBaiomHxcH HHxepecoB'B eeB'B nyxe- 
BO^Hofi HHXH B'B pyKaxi. Heo6xoAHMO, xaKHM'B ofipasoM'B, npHBecxH 
Bcb HHoroo6pa3HHe h npoxHBopi^HBue HHxepecu oxA^JiBHUxib jih^ho- 
cxefi B'B KaKOMy-HHOyAB ofimeMy Hanajiy, k-b o^HOMy sHaMenaxejc©, 
Heo6xofl;HMO nafixH XHEH^ecKifi npnsnaK'B ^ejoBiaa h hmi* bochojb- 
30BaxBca B'B KaiecxB'B apiaAHHHofl hhxe npn rpynnnpoBaHiH ^lejiOBi- 
qeeKHX-B HHiepecoB-B. 

THHHqecKHM'B, o6mfiWb npHSflaKOMTb HejuoBiBta, EaE-B xaEOBoro, 
flBjflexGH xpyA'B, X. e. njiaHOMipHafi, nanpaBJieHHaa na onpeA*JieHHBie 
pesyjiBxaxH saxpaxa qeaos'i^EOM'B cbohxb oprannqecEHrB chjtb wb 
acHSHCHHOM-B Hpoi^ecci. TpyA'B ecxB HeorBeMJeMaa, nanSojiie o6niaa, 
xapaExepnaa h nnojiffb EOHEpexnaa ocofieHHocxB qeJOBi^ecEOfi Jinq- 
hocxh; 663^ xpy^a mbi ne MOKeMi BOo6pa3HXB ce6t nocrijpefl, h 
CBoeo6pa3HBiM'B, ecjiH xoxHxe, xpy^oifB sanaxH Aaa© Hanfiojiie xy- 

HeHAHHH JIH^HOCXH, HOCEOJIBEy H OHt CXaESX'B Ce6t HSB'bcXHEIH UJkjLE 



*) .TlHCBMa npaBfl* h HenpaB^'fe*. Coh. H. K. MHxaftjioBCKaro, t. IV. 
Cii6., 1897 r., cip. 400, 451, 452. 



mi> OBn^ECTBEHHOtt SHBHH HA. yKPAHHft. 51 

K ;^o6HBaiOTCH HrB ocymecTBJieHifl. Bi rpyAi* bt> xoifb hjh hhoitb 
ero HanpaBJieHiH, b'b ero i^^JisiTh h pesyjbTaTax'B BticRadLiBaDTCji 
Bceqiiio HHTepecBi n cTpeHJienia jih^hocth: no TpjAaMi rtl nodHaexe 
nrB, KaKi cKasaHO b'b sejiHKofi KHHrb skhshh. H botb, noanaB'B jehh- 
HOGTH no ipjAy HXTi, T. e. npoH3Be;^fl KJIaccH$HKa^iH) xpy^a Ha iipe- 
<;jilAyK)nii3 Heo6zoAHMLifl «H3HenHbiJB[ utjiii h laKHX'B n^bjiefi wh Buj^y 
He HMtomiifi, mm nojiy^HMT^ 6e3CiuH6oqHufl npHBHaKik ji^ie ou/buKa 
KrrpeMjeHifl jiaqnocTH hjih, ^to to ae, hckomoc ofi^ee naqajio, vb 
KOTopoMy MoryrB finrb cBe^eHH HHiepecu jihihocth. ^0J^CTaBHB^, 
xaA'be, BHtcTO HHTepecoB'B jih^hocth HHTepecu Heo6xoAHtfaro b^ 
ofimecTBeHHOBTL cMuciA Tpy^a HJIH, eme KOHKpeiHte, xtxi, kto btotb 
ipyA'B npoflBjaers — pa6oTHUKOB'L, — mu TtMB canHifB cBeAeni'B hhto- 
pecH jh^hocth cb HeAOcnraeMaro He6a a6cTpaKTHuxi TeopiS Ha somjik) 
npasTHqecKofi a'^Sctbhtcjibhocth h EBA^ewb coBepmenHO EOHKpeTHyK) 
OTnpaBHyK) xoHKy HCXHHHaro A^MORpaxnaMa. KaKi* bhahmx, ^^eMORpa- 
THBiTB npH axoMit o6pan(aexcH b'b couiajiHSifB — ^ne toxi> ysRiS, h cKa- 
saAx 6li, ceRxanxcRifl coi^ajiHSM'B, RoxopBifi npH^Hp^HBO xpeCyex^ 

4)0pMaJBHB[7B npHdHaROBl AJKH HpOflBJieHiH CBOerO CO^yBCXBiHy a 

o6nieqejioB'b?ecRid conjajiHsicB, o6HHMas)niiS ;Bcix^ b'b noxb jiHi^a 
xpyAHH^HXCH, Bctx'B «Tpya;a;aK)nmxcH h o6peMeHeHHux'B», panno oxho- 
xyimiScfl, no cjioBaMB yRpanncRaro noaxa — 

JXo Bcix, mo JuiiOTb cein nir i KpoB, 
Ao Bcix, KOTpHX rHeryr okobh... 

BaaB'B eAHHCXBeHHUM'B RpHxepieMi cbohxi cBimaxifi xpy^i^ mbi, 
oqeBH;iH0, He Mosein* oxRasaxB B'B hhxi HHRony, rxo npHJiaraexB ero 
Bi> Q^epi cBoefi a^tcjolbhocxh, rxo SHBexx xpy;i;oM^, h noxoMy xaRoe 
idpoBOBdp'bHie aojusho oxBaxHXB HHxepecH h npojiexapiaxa, h xpy^o- 
Boro RpecxbflHcxBa, h xaROBOfi se HHxejLiHreHii;iH. IIphhhb'b sa 
orapaBHoft nyHKXB CBoero MipoBosapinin HHxepecLi qeJOBiqecRofl 

lU^HOCXH, MU, B'B ROHI^ ROHI^OB'B, npHAOM^ Rli HHXepecaiTB BCtx^ 

Tpy;^fl^^iHXca, js^dooinjiTh bt> cyiiMt totl KOji-ieKXHBHuft opraHHSM-B, ko- 
Topbifi MBI nasBiBaeM'B Hapo;iOM'B. Gji'l^AOBaxejiBHo, napoA'B, RaRb cobo- 

SJimOCXB xpyAHH^HXCfl RiaCCOB'B, H AO^JIHHH MU nOJIOXHXb B'B OCHOBy 

CBoefi AtflTeJiBHocxH, yAOBJiexBopenie ero noxpefinocxeft h cjiyaenie 
ero HHxepecaM'B c^li&JiaxB cBoeH) n,tjiBH). cCjiyanxB napoay — nncajTB 
H. K. MnxafljiOBCRifl — SHa^nx'B pafioxaxB na nojBsy xpyAHn;arocji 
Jii);^a. Cjiy»a axony Hapo^y no npeHMyn;ecTBy, bm ne cjiyanxe HHRa- 
Kofi npHBHjieriH, HHRaRony HCKji}OMHTe.ibHOMy nnxepecy, bu cjyaHxe 
npocTo xpy^y, cjiiAOBaxejibHO, Me»Ay npoqAM^, h caMOMy ce6i, ecjin 
TOJibKO Bbi BOo6me q:eMy-Hu6yAb cjiysHxe* *). HapoA'B — 9x0 xa no^Ba, 
Ha Koxopofi xpeCoBaniH na nojibsy Bcix'B xpyji;amiixcH xojibro h mo- 
ryrb AOcxflrHyxb aeJiaxeabHuxx peayjibxaxoB'B h paci^BtcxH numnbiM'B 

ilBixOM'B. T* XpefiOBanlH 6yAyXT» HCXUHHO-AeMORpaXUqeCRHMH, KoxopuH 



*) CoiHHeHifl H. K. MuxaflJiOBCKaro, t. I, cTp. 669. 

4* 



1 



52 G. E ^ P E M B "B. 



MwbJOTh BT> BHA7 Hy»A^ H HHxepecH axoro «HapoAa no npeHicy- 
mecTBy*, KOTopHa HanpaBJieHH Ha to, ^to6h no^HaTb ero h3t» sy- 

XOBHOfi H MaTepiaJIBHOfi HHn^eTM H BI* 6piph6^ Sa BHAHBH^IjajEBHOCTb 

cnoco6GTByioT% BocnnTaHiH) npoKpacHO, rapMOHH^HO h BcecTopoHHe- 

pa3BHT0S ^eJIOBJiqeCROfi JinqHOCTH. 

TaKaa nocTaHOBKa Bonpoca na yKpaHHCKoft no^B* rbwb jier^e h. 
npEBjeaaTejibHie, qTOHaYKpaHHijiiocHX^ nop^ BOBce noqiH ne HirteicH 
CBoeft HanjOHajibHoS OypacyasiH h, BOo6ine, K0MaH;i;yK)mHxi KnaccoB'B. 
Bee, HTO BOBBUfflaexcfl Ha;!;^ HapoAOM-L comajibHO, oCuKHOBeHHO paa- 
puBaerB cl hhm'b h Hai^ionajiLHHH cbhsh, h noTony rpoMaAHiflmee 
6oj[bmHHCTBO, MOSHO CKasaxL, ROMnaKTHaa nacca yRpaHHCKofi hb^Ih 
cocTOHrB HS-L JiBOAefi, coScTBeHHHMTb ipyAOMt oeesneiHBaromHX^ CBoe 
cymecTBOBanie. Borb noqeiiy, KaKT* 6hjio BHme yKasano, Han;ioHajrb- 
Hoe a4jio Ha YKpaHHi coBna;^aerb Bt HacToamee BpeMa ct Hapo;^- 
HHMT., H, pafioTan nenocpeflCTBeHHO h BcecTopoHne ji^ia HHTepecoB'B 
napoAa, mh xiifL caMUH'B coBepmaeM'B js^kjio HaiponajiBHaro Bospo- 
a^ema, h o6paTHO^ — pa6oTaa ;^m btoM nocjitAHeft JsjkjLR, yace rbwh 
caMHSfB cjiysHH'B HHTepecaifB yKpaHHCEaro napo^a, xpyAHn^iixcfl 
MaccB. npHHflB'L OAHO iis% ji,dJiEUYb HOJioseHifi, uu. yse He HirbeifB 
HpaBcxBeHHaro npasa oxKasBiBaxBca ox^ j^pyroro^ He pacKajiBiBajiCB^ 
Ha ABoe. KoHeqno, xaEoe BsaHMOoxHomeHie noHaxifl HaiijH h napo^a 
y HacL He B-bqno, h oho BOBce ne cBHA*xeJiBCTByexi o KaK0fl-HH6yfl> 
MHcxHuecKofl caMo6HXHOcxH yKpaHHCBtaro napoj^a. C'b pasBHxieiTB Ha- 
rnett »H3HH HapoAHXca H co6cxBeHHaa Cypacyasia h BOo6me Hexpy- 
Aamieca KjiaccH, cxoamie aa HaiponajibHofi no^Bi; npn;i:exTb «qyMa- 
3Bitt» B^ Hai^ioHajLBHOM'B o;i;taHlH, HJiH, Jiy^ine cRadaxb, citI^hhb'b 
HHHtniHifl oCntepyccKifl KOCxroMx na yKpanHCKifi, — h xorji;a naaio- 

HaJIBHUfiHHapOJliHLlfi 8JieMeHXLI paSOttAyTCa, KOHe^HO, B'B paSHBia CTOPOHU 

H BO MHorax'B oxHomemax'B BHCxynax^, KaK'B BpasAefiHHa cxaxia. Ho 
noKa axoro He cjiynHJiocb, ^Jin cxoamaro na HaiuonajibHofl eoto* h 
He pacKOJioxaro Ha-;^Boe yKpaHHi(a h4x^ h npn ;^aHHHXB oficxoa- 
TejiBcxBax-B H 6hxb ne MO»ex^ ffpyroro HanioHajibHaro jiiaa, EaKS 
HHxepecH yKpaHHCEaro napoAa, yKpaHHCKiix'B xpy^OBHXi Macci. 

OxnpaBjiaacB oxt> axofi hoshiuh, ne xpy^Ho y»e fiy^exi^ nocxpoHXb 
iiporpaiCMy xtx-B xpeSoBaaifi, KOxopHa fl;ojiacHbi 6Bixb npeA-BaBJieHH 
KO HMa HHxepecoB'B yapaHHCKaro Hapo^a, — neofixoAHMO xojibko bhhk- 

HyXB B'B HHXl H HOJIOKHXB HXTb KpacyrOJIBHMM'B KaMHeiTB HporpaMMH. 

3eMJia a bom, Bca aeMjia a Bca Boaa-— axofi (|)opMyjiofl nciepuH- 
Baroxca FB ofimeM'B BH;^'b aapo^HHa noxpedaocxa B'B nacxoamee 
BpeMa, H KTE» yAOBaexBopeniK) utl h aoji^hh 6hxb nanpaajieHH act 
ycHjiia HCXHHHOfl AewoKpaxia na YEpaHHi, na btom'b ^yHAaMCHxt 
AOJiffiHa OHa B03ABHraxB SAanie caoett nporpaMMH. Pas-B npHHax(v 
3X0 ocBOBHoe HOJioffieaie, xo hs'b Hero y«e caMH cofiofi jsjo^jkeu 6y- 
Ayxx BHxeEaxB a qacxaocxa, a6o j^q-^ AaHaoft hohbh opraaa^iecKH 
B03BHEHyxB MoserB jianib oAaa nporpaMwa. Bee, hxo MoaexT* Chtb- 



HSl* UBII^EGTBSHHOS 3KH8HH HA yRPAHflft. 58 

<;oriaineHO cb oghobhhmi> noaoseHieirB, BOfiAerB b'b nporpaicuy, ^xo 
<eMy npoTHBopi^HT'L, OTna;i:erL. 

TaKOBU HBJOseHHBifl B'B odu^x^B ^epTaxB OGHOBaHifl nporpaHMBi, 
KOTopyiD jifis. yKpaHHBi fl cHHTaxb 6h HanSojrbe sejiaTeuHofi, Han- 
iojAe cooTBtTCTBeHHoft HHTepecHM'B yRpaHHCKaro HapoAa. He bxojd^ 
BB A^TajiH nporpaifMH, s. He Mory, OAHaso, npoflxH mhmo oahofo 
nyHKxa — xoro noHHMaHlfl ochobhofo noJOsemH «8eMJ[H a boih», ko- 
xopoe BBrreEaerB hb-b Hamero HaitfoHaiBHaro nojEoseniji h noxoMy 
He coBctiTB yEJiaABiBaexcH b'b rb paMKH, KaKia axoMy noioaceHiK) 

06fiIKH0BeHH0 npHCBOHBaH)XCa. 

Bume ysasaHH yse 6ujeh oprannqecKiH qepxu coBpeMeHHaro 
yspaHHCTBa: ACMOKpaxHsiCB h aBXOHOMHSMB flBJUDXcfl B'B Hacxojini^ee 
BpeMA Heo6xoAHHKMu cocTaBHUMH 6X0 dJEeiieHxaMfl, 668'B KOxopurB 
OHO He HMiio 6u npana na cyn^ecTBOBame. Kas'B noHHMaexcH naMH 
AeMORpaxHasfB— 06% bxom'b uuia pi^B Ha Hpe^BiAyHXHrB cxpanni^ax'B: 
AJifl Ha(7B 0Hi» GOBnaAaexi cb coii;iaJtH8MOM^, ffbnxeJiBHocxBB) na 
nojiBsy xpyAHHi^HxcH naccx yKpaHHCsaro napo^a h 6opb6ok) sa nxh 
jH^HBifl H rpaacAaHCKLfl npaBa. B'B npoi^eccb axoS 6opb6h pacspH- 
BaiDxcH CK06RH H ApyroS ^epm Hamefi nporpaHMU— ea aBXOHOMHdMa. 
B'bAB B'B noHflxie «bojih», vb cyMiiy npaB'B jih^hocxh h cocxaBJieH- 
fiaro Hd'B oxA'bJiBHux'B jiHWOcxefi soMeKXHBa— naipH oahhmx h8'b 
nepBHX'B cjiaraeMuxB Heo6xoAHHO AOitSHu boSxh xaK'B HadUBaeicHH 
HaoiioHajoLBHUH npana: npaBO RasAofi Ha^ioHaJ[BHocxH na pasBHxle 
CBOHX'B KyjOixypHUXB oco6eHH0cxeS, RaROBU— hsur'b, jiHxepaxypa h 
X. n., npaBO nojiBSOBaxBcs BcbMH cpeAcxBaiiH j^ls RyjiBXHBHpoBaHiH 
dXHXB oco6eHHOCxefi— cji'bAOBaxejiBHO, npaBO na co6cxBeHHyio mROjy, 
<:yAB H xoMy noAo6HUH ofin^ecxseHHUH y^esACHlfl h, naRonei^, 
saRB o6e8ne?eHie Bcix'B yRadaHHHXB npaBT» — npaBO RasAofi nai^o- 
HaiBHOcxH HeorpaHHieHHO pacnopflsaxBCH BctMH RacaK)mHMHCfl eg 

A^JiaMH — aROHOMHqeCRHMH, nOJinXEHeCRHMH, RyjBXypHBlMH. GyMMy 

BC'bx'B nepeqHCJEeHEurB npaB'B h mosho ^opMyjinposaxB, RaR'B npaBO 
fla aBxoHOMiK) hjih HeBaBHCHMoe cyni;ecxBOBaHie h ynpaBjenie cbohmh 
A;biaMH. PocyAapcxBeHHUMB Har^ioHajiBHocxHifBy ho HcnHXBiBaion^HM'B 
HaqioHajniHaro rnexa h roHenlfi, H'brB nysAH BEicxaBJiHXB Hai^onajiB- 
HiiH xpe6oBaHiH, h6o hx'b hhrxo ho oxpni^aerB, h na npaRXHR'ib B'B 
xofi HJEH HHofi cxeneHH ohh yAOBjexBopHH)xcH. TaifB, ecjiH h npnxo- 
AHica 6opoxBCfl, xo ne sa $opMy, a sa C0Aep»aHie axHxi npaB'B, orpa- 
HH^HBaeHoe aronsMOifB n cBoeRopiicxieM'B ROHaHAyion^x'B sjiaccoBi. 
He xo y xaRHrB HaiponajiLHOcxefi, RaR'B yRpaHHCRas, RoxopHH, cBepxB 
Bcero npoqaro, no mxaxy ^OJ^a^aK)n^a^ocH bb coBpeMeHHOifB rocyAap- 
cxBi, HcnBTTBiBaio'rB en^e h HatuonajBHufi rnex'B BCJitAcxBie ii,eHxpa- 
iHCXH^ecRofi CHCXOMBI ynpaBjieHiH. Sa'^cb, homhuo 6opb6bi aa coAep- 
sanie, BosropaexcH xaRse 6opB6a 3a $opMy yRaaanHux'B sBime 
npaB'B, xaR'B RaRB h nocjiiAHHH sa'I^cb oqenb qacxo cjiysHXT> chjib- 
HbflmHMB npennxcxBieuB npn nojiLsoBaniii HeocnopHMHMH 6jiaraMH 
<H BB 3Ha?HxejibHo8 cxeneHH saxpyAHnerB yAOBjiexBopenie o6n^ecxBeH- 



54 C. £ ^ P E M B "B. 

HHX'B H jH^Hux'B noTpe6HocTeft. B'B RaqecTBt npHictpa bosbmcm^ 
djieMeHTapHufi no CBoefl achocth BonpocL o HapoAHOifB ofipasoBaHin. 
06menpH8HaH0, ito niKOJia ^ojiaHa 6htb oprannqecKH cBflsana ch 
»H8HLH) H HapoAHHMH noTpefinocTflMH, TaKt KaK'B ujbjLh ea — cjiyaeme 
HapoJ^y. H BorB B'B sasHCHMOCTH orB 9Toro B'B BejiHKopocciH 6opB6a 
sa yjiyqraeHie mKOJibHaro jijkjid, CyAerB npoHCXo^HTB Hcoro^HxejiBHa 
na no^Bt coAepHcamfl npeno^aBaeMaro B'B mROJit, h6o npoTHffB 
$opMBi, asHKa xaM-B He BMCTynarorB Aaace saKMTHe BparH Hapoj^- 
HHX'B HHxepecoB'B. Ha YRpaHHt Hce axa 6opB6a nenHHyeMO ^ojiacHa 
npHHflXB ABOflKifi BHAT*: H 8a cofliepacaHie, h 8a $opMy, x. e. ashk-b 
mKOJiBHaro npenoAaBanm, h6o HacxojiiD;aA ^opna, Bonjion^eHHafl B'B 
^yacoM'B AM napoAa A8UR'b, j^axe yAOBiexBopHxejiBHOMy coAepssamio 
0Ka8BiBajia 6u neycxpaEHMoe npa ji^diEBurb ycjiOBiflX'B npenflxcxeie, 
MtmaBomee Bocnpi£xiH) SHaniil Hapoj^oM-B. CKasaHHoe a^tcB o niKOJii 

OXHOCHXCa KO BC'bM'B CIOpOHaM'B HapOAHOfi SH3HH. 

TaKHM-B o6pa30Mi, HHxepecH xpyAamnxcfl Macci na YKpaHHi^ 
paBHO KaK'B H HHxepecH rapMOHHqecKaro pasBHxia jhihocxh, xpe- 

6jlOTb XaKHX-B ^OpM-B rOCyAapCXBeHHOfl aCH3HH, npH KOXOpitTB 

Hc^esjin 6u yKa8aHHHfl npenflxcxBia na nyxH pa3BHxifl, 8aMiHHB- 
inHCB BcecxopoHHHM'B coA'ificxBieM'B nocji'fejiiHeMy. .InqeocxB, Koxopyi) 
Mu B3JIJIH <$OKycoM'B CBoexo pa3MunrjieHifl», A'^ficxsHxejiBHO ocB'lxHjia 
HaM'B 8HaqeHie o6mecxBeHHHXT> cok)30bi. Hpn bxom'b cBtxi o6me- 
qejioB-hqecKaa npaKXHKa y»e BHpaSoxajia ji^Jia. rocyAapcxB'B cb Heo^H- 
HaKOBHM'B HacejieHieMT) oepaseu'B Handojiie n;*jiecoo6pa3Hux'B B'B. 
yKa8aHH0M'B oxHomeHiH ^opM-B B'B BHA* $eAepaxHBHaro cxpoa, o6e3- 
ne^HBaromaro ox^'hJiBHHM'B o6jiacxaM'B aBxoHOMiro, xeppnxopiajiBHo- 
HaitioHajiBHoe caMOynpaBJieHie, ynoxpe6Ma nocjtAHifi xepMHS-B B'B 

CaMOM'B niHpOKOM'B CMMCJI'ik. ^Jlfl YKpaHHU, XaK'B MHOrO SJia HCIIBI* 

xaBmefi otb i^eHxpajiHCXHqecKOfi uojihxhkh, aBxoHOMia npn Hacxoa- 
ii;hxx ycjOBiax'B aBJiflexca eAHHcxBeHHBUfB cpeAcxBOM-B cBo6onHaro 
pasBHxia. 9xa $opMa, npn nocji'hAOBaxejiBHOM'B npHMtneHiH ea, hm4- 
K)ii^aa B'B Ejifidjrb nojiHyK) He3aBHcnMocxB ox'b ^jiRji^uTb BBftma- 
xeJiBcxBT* B'B SH3HB Hapo^a, oAHHaROBo AajieKO cxoHxi> KaK'B OTB ace* 
cxoKBTO yrnexeHis h y^yniBa, rocnoAcxByromnx'B B'B HacxoameiTB 
ueHxpajiHcxaqecKOirB cxpo'h, XaK'B h otb HSJiHrnneft po3HH h xpaxar 
HapoAHHX'B CHji'B, qxo Morjio 6u nacxynaxB npa hojihom'b ox^iJieHiH. 
Ofla MoaceTB odeane^axB aameMy Hapofly Bce neofixoAHMoe flJia era 
pasBHxia n BM'bcxib cb xbM'B y^epsaxB vk BBiroAH, Kama npeAOcxa- 
Bjiaexi. HapoAaM'B Mnpnoe coacHxejiBCXBO hoa'b ofimHM'B cboaom'b cbo- 
60AHUX'B yqpesABHifi. Oaa naxoAHxca B'B rapMOHHqecKOM'B co^examff 
CB jieMOKpaxHSMOM'B H fljaae fiojiBme — cocxaBJiaeTX conditio sine qua 
non HCXHHHo-AeMOKpaxaqecKaro cxpoa. He AapoirB era CBasb cxapBaf-B 
coniajmcxoM'B IIpyAOHOM'B BBipasena B'B cjiiiji,jmmjixrh BHeprH^ecKHX'B 
cjiOBax'B: «Kxo roBoparB: CBo6oAa — roBopaxi: $eAepa^ia, hjih hh- 
nero He roBoparB; kxo roBopHXT»: pecnyfijiHKa — roBoparB: ^e^epaj^ia^ 
HJIH HH^ero He tobophtb; kxo roBopHXi: coi^iajiHSM'B— roBopHxa»: $©• 



H3'B OBUQSCTBIHHOtt SH8HH HA yRPAHH«. 55 

AepaoLfl, HjiH HH^ero ho roBopnrB^. Bupaxaacb hhumh cjiOBaMH 
HaH6ojiie AGMOKpaTHHecKifl CTpofi, nocTpoeHHfitfi no i^eHTpajiHCTHqe- 
csHiTB maSjoHaiTb, npeACTaBJiAerB ojifij JLnimh (jfopuj fies'B co^epsa- 

HJil, h60 HHTOpeCU MeHBmHXB ROJIJieRTHBOB'B H ^eJOfOBineCKHX^ AH^- 

HocTefl npHHOCHTB Bx aepTBj Mojioxy cjiinoft rocy;(apcTBeHHOCTH. 

BOTB nO^eUJ SaaTB AeMORpaTHSH'L H aBTOHOMHSM'B B^ COOTBtTGTBeHHOfi 

nponopi^iH h rapMOHnqecRoin* coqexaHiH — sHa^HTB flaftxH HaHJiyi- 
myro $opMyjiy o6mecTBeHHO-rocyAapcTBeHHoft »h3hh BOoCme, BHaqnrB, 
nepexoAS Ri* "lacTHOMy, HHTepecyion^eMy hecb cjiynaio, paspimHTb h 
npofijieMy, cxoamyro npefl-B yRpaHHCTBOM'B. 9to SHa^Hjio 6h — Bnojm'h 
npHcnoco6HTi> r'b aoHSHH napoAa n Rpi^nEO cBJisaiB cy^BCy ^an- 
Haro o6iD(ecTBeHHO-nojiHTHqecRaro HanpaBjieHifl cb cy^BOoft h HHrepe- 
caiiH HapoAa Ha no'isi HaHdojiie xry^HX'B Hapo^^Hux'B Hysj^Ti s no- 
TpeCHOciefi. 

a roBopHJiTEi y»e, 'ito yRaeaHHOMy ceflHai;^ Tpe6oBaHiiD ne yflo- 
BJieTBopnerB bhojih* hh o^fla h8t» cymecxByiomHrB yKpanHCRHX'B 
napxifi, HH OAHa h8^ hhx'B ne o6jiaAaex^ xaRofi ^opuyjiofiy Roxopaa 
GoeAHHHja 6ii AeMORpaxHSM'B h aBxoHOMHSiTB Bii HaAJiesameft npo- 
nopDjH, He yRjiOHHHCB B^ xy HJH ;^py^yK) cxopony. rjiyfioRifi, ho He 
mupoRifi j^eMORpaxHBiTB yRpaHHCROfi coii;iajiAeMOKpaxiH, cosnaxejiBHO 
BBi?epKHBaiOH](eS hb'b c4)epu cbohx'b CHMnaxifi odmnpHHA Raxeropin 
xpyAJimnxca na xomt* jinraB ocHOBaniH, qxo oh4 $opMajiBHO ne noA- 

XOAflT^ nOA'B HBBicXHyK) KjORXpHHepCRyH) icbpsy, yCJIO»HHeXCH R'B xoMy 

se HeonpeA^JieHHocxBK) h po6ocxbh) bt* nocxanoBR'b nai^oHajiBHaro bo- 
npoca H, wh qacxHocxH, xpeCoBaniH aBxoHOMiH. Ilapxifl jio chxt* aop'B ne 
vb coctohhIh ocBo6oAHXBCfl ^ase otb ^paseojioriH, saHMcxBOBaHHOfiy cbo- 
Hx-B pocciflcRHxx xoBapHmefljOStmaH B'Bpeaojiioi^iHXTj Bxoporo CBfe^a — 
fRaR'B MOXHO dHeprHHH^e 6opoxBCH npoxHB'B HaiponajiBHaro yrHexenifl, 
8a paBHUfl npasa jukh Bcix'B Haii;ioHaj[BHocxefi na CBo6oAHoe cymecxBO- 
Banie h pasBHxie h xBep^^o oxcxaHsaxB npaBO naiufi na RyjiBxypHoe 
H noiHXH^ecRoe caMOonpe;ii^eHie» *). IIpaBAa, npnHHMafl bo BHHMa- 
Hie oco6eHHOcxB yRpaHHCRaro Bonpoca, b'b bxom'b oxHomemn cb'^ba^ 
nonuxajicH 6ujio coftxH cb CBoeS cjehhirom'b mnpoROfi u noxony 
Kpafine HeonpeA'bjieHHoS xohrh BpiniH na 6ojrbe ROHRpexHyD hobh- 
ipK), ho y»e $opMa axoft noHHXRH cBHA^xejiBcxByex'B o ne oco6eHHO 
8HaiHxejiBH0& XBep;(ocxH napxm na a^'HHOm'b nyHRxi. C'Btsj^'B anmB 
«HpHHHMaeTB» xpe6oBaHie aBxoHOMin YRpaHHH^ h xo jinniB chhcxoah 
Ri «HHxepeca]rB pasBHxifl RjaccoBofi 6opii6H h upoH^BOAHxejiBHux'B 

CHJll* Ha yRpaHHb» **), OCXaBHB'B, XaRHIfB 06pa80M'Bt 6e8'B BHHMaHiH 

^yrie aoboau aa aBxoHOMiio h ocjafiHB'B dTHWb ^03H^iK) B'B nai^io- 
naiBHOiTB Bonpoc^. Ha npoxHBonojiosHOM'B nojiEoc^ cxohxti, RaR'B 
HBBtcxHO, «yRpa1[HCRfl HapoAHfl IlapTla*. V nea HaipoHajiBHBiiS bo- 
npocB BUcxyuaeTB j^o xaROfl cxeneHH ypo;iJinBO pasAyxHiTB, ^xo no- 



•) ^BiJibHa YKpaiHa", 1906 r., kh. III. cxp. iq9. 
**) Jbid., 110. 



n 



56 G. £ « P E M B l. 

rJon^aeTL Bci ocTaiBHUfl cxopoHLi nporpaMMH, ;i;oxo;^ ao OTRpoBen- 
Haro, BecLMa HO^iiBycMHCjieHHaro moBHHHSMa, tojibko saMacKHposaH- 
Haro HHTepecaMH ipyAamnxcfl. 3A*cb, cjiij^oBaTejiLHO, npoH30injio 
o6paTHoe aBjieme — npeyBeJiH^eme aBxoHOMHSMa b'b ymep6'L iceMOKpa- 
THBMy. CpeAHHy Meatfly ^Byiw bthmh naprijiMH aaEHMarorB fleMO- 
KpaTH-pajjHKajiH, ho to, ^to ecTL y evltl nojiosHTejiLHaro— sffopoBoe 
sepHO aBTOHOMHSMa — TOHerB B'B oOmefl neonpeAijeHHOcTH h E0Jie6a- 
niflX'B. H Kd^wb HH OAHa hsi* cyn^ecTsyDiniHTB yRpaHHCKHrB naprift 
He aBJULQTca. npeACTaBHTejiLHHii;efi HHrepecoB'B niHpoKHrB TpyAfln^Hxcji 
RpyroB'B Ha YKpaHHi^, t^ki> hh 02i^a h nporpaicMofi cBoett He B'B 
cocTOHaiH npHBjie^ k'b 066*1 juo/^efi, CBoes) H;ij[LK) ciaBHnpixib cj![y- 
aenie qtewl HHrepecaM'B. BorB no^eny onpe;^4jieHHO nairt^aeTCH 
HOBoe Te^enie, KOTopoe, Hseiraa OTirtqeHHHxib npoMaxoB-B, BCTanerB 
Ha eicHHCTBeHHo npaBHJibHHfl nyxB, rapMOHHqecKH coeAHHHH npH 
CB'bvb onpeA'bJieHHaro idpoBossptrnji o6a neofixoAHMBie dJieneHTa 

yKpaHHCTBa — ^flieMOKpaTHSlTB H aBTOHOMHSM'B — H 6epfl HX^ B'B HafljJie- 

sani;efi nponopii;iH. 

SI He nporpaMMy nnnry h flaae ho KOMMeHxapifi k'b roxoBofi npo- 
rpaMMt, — ^ocJ^b;^Hee noTOMy, ^o ea wbvh eme, eioft roTOBofl npo- 
rpaMMBi, ;^a h Boo6n^e — He6jiaro/^apHoe bto js^^jlo cocTaBjiflTB npo- 
rpaiofy, npea^A^ "vbwb snojiH'b pej[Be$HO onpeAtjEHTCH xa MaTepiaJEB- 
HBiH cHJia, KOTopafl cpasy se noSA'^vb sa Hefi. y MeHH 6£i£a HHaa 
saftana — naMtTHTB jibhib cxeMy laKOfi nporpaMMH, KOTopaa, no mo- 
eMy y6iacAeHiH), aBHJiacB 6bi HaH6oJi'be noJiHOSByqEBiM'B otriheomi 
Ha HHTeptcu H noTpe6HOCTH yKpaHHCKaro napo^a, iIomhh npn btomi 
KOHeHHyro i^iaB qejOBtqeciiaro nporpecca — ^bobmosho nojraoe pasBH- 
Tie qejiOBiKa, coBepmeHCTBOBame h paci^BirB jih^hocth qejiOBiqe- 
CRofi. BcecTopoHHe oxBaxHT^ SH3HB qeJiOB'bRa, BBipasHTB Bcb ero 

nOTpe6HOCTH — BROHOMHqeCRlH, nOJHTHqeCRiH H RyjIBTypHHfl — B'B KOH- 
EpeTHBTTB ^OpMaX'B ^aHHOfi Hai^OHajaHOfi 06CTaH0BRH, B'B ROTOpofi 

MH aHBCM-B, — xaKOBH xpefioBaHifl, RaRia Moano npeffBHBHXB r'b na- 
niefi cxeMl. H ecjiH sa yRaBaHHBtMH npHHi^HnaMH Boo6n^e cxohxi 
RaRaH-jiH6o o6ni;ecxBeHHaH cHJia, xo o6mafl cxeMa ne 8aMejD;jiHTi&, 

ROHe^HO, naUOJIHHXBCfl aHBOfi RpOBBH) H 06jD[e?BCfl B'B aHByK) njIOXB. 

Torj^a BHpacxeTB hb'b nea h ^exajiBHaa nporpaMMa, h cooxB'hxcxBeH- 
Haa xaRXHRa. 06pa3eii;Tb hx'b mu moscm'b nafixH y poAcxBeHHHXTb 
HaM-B no ;^yxy h MipoBoaap'bHiK) xaR'B nasHBaeMHxi* HapoOTHqecRHrB 
HJiH xpy^oBHX'B HanpaBJieHift pyccRofi o6niecxBeHHofl mhcjih, h, ro- 
He^HO, Heo6xoAHMO BOcnojiBBOBaxBca hx'b ohhtomi, nocROJiBRy ohb 
BRjiafl;BiBaexca b'b paMRH cnei^ajiBHHX'B ycjiOBifi namefi aH3HH. dxo 
B'B noJHOM'B o6'BeM4 oxHOCHXca R'B AeMORpaxH^ecRott, o6D;eft H HaMX 
H narnHMT* pyccRHM'B xoBapamaifB ocHOB'h. Hxo ae Racaexca aBxo- 
HOMHCTCRofl cxopoHH 6yAyni.efi nporpaMBiH, xo B'B axofi ofijiacxa mh 
6oraqe ohuxom'b, h noxoMy ee naM'B npe^cxoHrB nocxaBHXB h BBipa- 
6oxaxB caMOcxoaxeJiBHO, HMia b'b BH^y oSme^eJioB'hqecKia H;^eH $e- 
j^epajiH3Ma. TiM'B ne MeH'ie, bbhb'b «(J)ORycoM'B cBoero pa3MHnijeHia» 



\ 



nsPBAflBPEinb. 57 

HHTepeCU JIHUOGTH, ROHKpeTHdHpOBaB'B ETh Ha UpaRTHRt B'B HHTO- 

pecarB Hapojua, rpyAflniHxcfl naccB h, b% ^acTHOcTu— yKpaHHcsaro 
Hapo^a^ yEpaHHCRHXB TpyAfln^HZCfl naccB, h nocAlAOBaTOji&Ho OTnpa.- 
BJMiflCb orB 8T0fi nocjiiAHefl TOiRH — ^jRpaHHCRie A^firejiH aorjrb 
6uTh jBtpeHU, qTO lijsjTb npaBHJiLHUM'L nyreiTB. B'b kobis^ nyxn 
flpsofi BBl3Aofi ciflOtB BBjiHRafl i^tjiB ~o6o](e^ejiOBiiecRoe c^acibe na 
«oHOBj[eHifi BeMjri», fa^, roBop^ cJiOBaifH BemRaro yRpaHHCRaro 
noera, — 

Bpara He 6yAe, cynocTaTa, 

A 6jff,e CHH i (5YS,e iiaTH 

I 6y;iyTb Jiioiie na seiiJii. 

npocTO ^M)9u— 6e8'B Tofi HaRHnn coaiajibHofi Ta6ejm o paHran, ro- 
Topas rycTuiTb cioeM'B ocijia Ha nnxi BTeienie AOJiraro nyra otb 
TeMHaro npo8ji6aHifl Ao-HCTopn^ecRHX'B BpeneffB ri dyj^yn^eiiy ifap- 
GTBy paByMa h GBo6ojsfi. 

C. E(|ipeHOBi. 



IlepBafl fipenib. 

(IlucbMo us^ repMamuJ. 
1. 

Ha HpOHCXOAHBmHXl B^ IJOWb HOBBIX'B BBl6opaX'B B'B HpyccRifi 

JiaH^TaTB H'^Mei^Eofi coipaji'B-jiieMOEpaTiH Yji^BJioch, HaRonei^, iiPo6htb 
6pemB B'B dTofi ipxaAejiH npyccRoS peaRipH. 3aROJu;oBaHH£iS Rpyn, 
oxpaHflBisifi npyccRifi jiaHAxarB b'b npoAOJiacenie mecTH AecHTHjrbTifi otb 
BTopsenlH cox^aiHSMa h AexoRpaTiH, pa86HrB, h comb coiuajTB-Ae- 
MORpaxoB'B npoHHRjH B'B 8X0 GBHXHJiHn^e npyccRaro lOHRepcxBa (Kapi'B 
JlH6RHexrB, BoprMaH'b, TeflMaH'B, rnpni'B, ro^MaH-B, IIIxpefifieJiB, 
JlefiflepTB). 9x0 caMO no ceC-h neMHoro (npyccRifi aanflixarB Hac^axH- 
Bae'PB 443 ji;enyxaxa) h ahjiqeo He cooxBixcxByerB xoMy sHaneHiio, 
Koxopoe HMlerB vb cxpani^ coipajTB-AeicoRpaxHiecRoe xe^enie, saxBa- 
XHBmee (yn ^/4 ^o ^/a qacxH HacejiemA. Ho cncxeMa BBidopos'B vb 

JiaH^Xarb XaROBa, ^TO HOSHO 6bIJ[0 COMH'bBaXBGH B'B boshoxhocxh 

npoBecxH xoxH 6h odnozo coi^iaji'B-j^eMOEpaxa B'B axo y^peaK^e- 
Hie, GOBAaHHoe ;pH xoro, nxofiu GiiysHXB onjioxoifB BG'bx'B peaR- 

AiOHHUXB dJieMeHXOB'B HapO/^a npOXHB'B BGtX'B nporpeccHBHBix'B H 

AefifORpaxuqeGRHX'B xe^emfi. SaBHGHMOcxB nedHpaxeJiBHaro npasa 
oxx UMymecmeeHHazo GOGxoHHia, npe^ocxaBJieHie 6oji4e gocxohxcjib- 
HHH-B HsfiHpaxejiHMx KaacAaxo HsfinpaxejiBHaro ORpyra npo^naro 6ojib- 
niHHcxBa deyxh mpemeu bc^X'b tojiocob'b h nyfijiHqHOGXB BOxyMa, 



58 p. B Jl A H K "B. 

/^aromasr bobmohkhoctb KOHTpoaHpoBaxB rojocoBanie HsSnpaTejiefi, Ha- 

XOAHII^HXCa Wb COI^iaHBHOfi BaSHCHMOCTH 0Tb BHCfflHX'B oaccoBt, Ka- 

aaaocb, BnojEai o6e3neiHJiH cofipanie npyccKHX'B naTpHuJeBTb otb 
crBTopseHUi> HesejiaxeJiBHux^ jpa hhxi ajieiieHTOFB. IIoaTOHy Ha^o 
npHBHaiB, mo ffhMe^Kafl coi^iaji'B-flieMOKpaTia, A^fiCTBHTejiBHO, HMieiTb 
ocHOBaHifl ropAHTbca peayjiiBTaTOM'B nocJchAHnx^ B£i6opoB'B h bh;i;6tb 
B'B Eewb BecBMa BHaMenaTOJiBHoe flBjieme. 

9Ta no6iAa cHosa noAHflJia AjTb HiMeD,KOft co^iaJD['B-;^eMOKpaTiH, 
BaniTHo noHHBHBmlficfl FbcKOJiLEO noGJi'b qyBGTBHTeJibHofi Hey^a^H na 
o6mHX^ BH6opaxii B'B flHBapt 1907 r. Ha coipajTB-AeMOKpaTH^ecKHrB 
co6paHi)U7B, co3BaHHUTB B'B ji^eHB BBi6opoB'B j^JLE BMCJiymaHifl peayib- 
xaTOBi* nocjrtAHHXTb, Kaa^oe coofimenie o nofi'hffh conjiajTB-j^eMOEpaTH- 
^ecKaro KaH;^H;^aTa B'B toitb hjh ApyroiTB H36HpaTejibHOM'B OKpyrt 
BCTpi^ajiocB CB HeooHcyeMKUfB, 6e3K0He'fflBiM'B BOCToproM'b, ofinapy- 
SHBmHM'B B'B TO 7RQ BpoMfl, RaR'B Majio caMH coi];laji'B-;i;eMOKpaTH Ha- 

AtHJIHCB Ha UO&kjJiJ Ha BTHX'B BBl6opaTB H SaK'B CHJIBHH 6UJLE J BSTb 

onaceniH, ^to TaaejiHfl Bne^aijiiniH pesyjiBTaxoB'B BHfiopoB'B B'B petx- 
cxarB eme ycyry6aTCH hobhm'b nopaacemeM'B. Ecjih 6u coi^iai'B-AeMO- 
KpaxiH He y^ajiocb npoBeciH na bthx'b BtiSoplax'B hh o;^HO^o h3'b cbo- 
hx'b KaHAHffaiOB'B, KaK-B 8T0 6hjio B'B 1898 H 1903 rr., ona, B-bpoarHO, 
OKOHqaxeJiBHO OTsasaJiacB 6u orB y^acxia B'B H36HpaTej[BH0fi 6opB6ib 
sa MaHAaxH B'B npyccKifl jiaHAxar-B h BepnyjacB 6u kt> xaKXHK'b Boa- 
Aepsania, Roxopofi ona npH^^epmHBajiacb jifi 1898 r. HsfiapaxejibHaa 
aTHxaioa caMa no ce6t, Bes'B napjaMeHxcRHX-B Man^axoB'B, xeiiepb ne 
Aaex^ fiojbffle y^OBjiexBopeBia HiMenjaofl conJajTb-fleMORpaxiH. Ilpocxaa 
/^eMOHCxpania, «CMoxp'BCODiiaj'B-AeMOKpaxHqecKofiapMiH», noAC^eTB cbo- 
Hx^ cHJi-B, — ^xo, neny con;iaji'B-;iieMORpaxia na nepBtECB cxynenaxB pas- 
BHxia npHAaBajia xaRoe 6ojiBmoe Bna^enie, npeBocxoAHBnree B'B rjasaxB 
MHOXHX'B 3HaqeHie napjiaMeHxcRHX'B MaH;^axoB•B,— xenepB cpaBHHxejiBHo 
Majio HHxepecyeTB FhMeniRyK) conJajTB-^^eMORpaxiro. Ea cxpeMiema xe- 
nepb HanpaBjieHH rjiaBHLiM'B odpaaoifB r'b xoHy, qTo6H sanaxB Bci 
AocxynHHa nojHxnqecRia nosHipH h oxxtcHMXB ox'b hhxi cbohxi npo- 
XHBHHROB'B, HOjiiBHraacb Bce j^ajibme BnepejD;'B. IIodxoMy ona, ne orpa- 
HHqHBaacB BH6opaHH B'B pefixcxarB, Bce 6ojrfae h fiojiie aneprH^HO 
yqacxByexTE. B'B H86HpaxejiBH0fl 6opB6t 3a M-icxa h B'B opranaxB 
ificxHaro caMoynpaBjieHia, xoxa-6B[ HBfiapaxeJiBHaa cHCxeMa npoxa- 
BopiTOJia BciiTB xpefioBaaiaM'B ;ieMOKpaxiH. UoaxoMy yBeM^eme ^h- 
CJa n36Hpaxej[BHB[X'B fojocob'b comiaji'B - j^eMORpaxH^ecRHX'B RaH^H- 
ffaxoB'B Ha nocjrfeAHHXT» BH6opax'B B'B peflxcxarB na 250.000 hh- 
cKOJiBRO He yMeHbmHJio orop^eHia Htnej^Rofi coipai'B-AGMORpaxiH 07b 
noxepH HicEOJiBRHX'B ;^ecaxR0B'B napjiaMenxcRHxi* Manj^axoB'B. IIoaxoMy 
H Ha hhhIihhhx'b B£i6opax'B B'B npyccRiS JOLaHjoixarB ona Hanparia 
Bc4 CBOH CHJiBK, ^xo6h He xoJBRO yBejiH^EXB ^Hcjo CBOHXx Hsfinpa- 
xejiBHBDCB rojiocoB'B, HO xaK»e saBoeBaxB nicROJiBKO ^enyxaxcRHXi 
M'hcx^. 

3afla^a axa 6bijira BecBMa nejierRaa. KjiaccoBaa HafinpaxeibHaa 



nEPBAflBPBmB. 59 

V 

CHCTeMa npyccKaro JIaH;^Ta^a coBepmeHHO OTAiaaerb npojieTapiarB orB 
Bceft ocTaaBHoft MaccH HaCnpaTejiefi h, H30JiHpya ero, CTaBHT'B vb 
TaKoe nojioaeHie, wro owb ^ase npn hojihom'b eAHHO^^ymin b-l ero- 
cpe^i He B^ cocToaniH npoBecra coScxBeHHHMH CHJiaMH xoxa 6bi 
OAHoro cBoero RaHAH^aTa. KaawcH hs'l Tpexx KiaccoB'B HsSHpaxejiefi 
OTA*JbHO BH6HpaeTB cBOHrB BH6opmHKOB'B, HO HsfipaHic AenjTaTa 
npoHBBOAHTCfl Goo6nxa Bhi6opnxHRaMH Bcibx^ TperB R.iaccoB'B, TaK'B 
^TO xpeTia Kjiacci (HMtio^ifl tojibko \ Bcero ^Hcjia BHfiopmnKOB'B) 
Bcor^a ocTaeTca b-l MeHBrnHHCTBt *). Coi^lajiA©MOKpaTHqecKie KaH^H- 
AaTH, cjrhAOBaTejibHO, ne Morjia AOBOJBCTBOBaTBca noAAepacKofi OAHoro 
TpeiBaro (npojexapcKaro) oacca; H36paHie hx'b 6hjio BOSMoaHo 
xoJiBKO npH noAAepacKi AOcxaxo^Haro HHCJia H36Hpaxejiefi nep- 

BBLX-B AByXTEi KJaCCOBt. Ha nepBHft KJiaCCB, oCHHMaiOmifi CaMUX'B 

KpynHHX'B KannxaiHcxoB'B, Kone^HO, pascHHXBiBaxB nejiBBa 6£iJo; 

XOJIBKO BO BXOpOMl KJiaCCt, B% KOXOpOM^B pHAOM-B CB KpyUflOfl H Cpeflj- 

Hefi gypsyasiefi rpynnHpyexca xasase MejiKaa 6yp»ya8La, mosho 6ujio 
HaA^axBCfl HafixH npn 6jiaronpiflXHBorB oocxoaxejiBcxBax^ HtKOxopyio 
noAAepHKy. Pimaromifi tojiocb, npHHaAJieacaji'B, xaKHirB ofipasoM'B — 
MCJiKoft 6yp»ya3iH. 

TaKoe nojioaceflie, npaB^a, He hobo ajik couiajiAeMOKpaxm. H npH 
BH6opaxx B'B pefixcxarB na ocHOBaniH Bceofin^aro, pasHaro, npjiMoro 
H xafinaro HsSHpaxeJiBHaro npana coipaJAeHORpaxH^ecKie RaHAHAaxBi 
xaRse HysAaK)xcH jifiE cBoero ycnixa B'B noAAopsR^ H3B'bcxH0fi qacxH 
MejKOtt 6yp»ya3iH, xaK-B KaRi* HHrA*, hjiheoixh HHrA^, B'B TepMaHiH 
npojiexapiaxT» ne ofijiaAaex^ a6cojiiDXHHM'B eojBniflHcxBOM'B HaOnpa- 

XeJIBHUXTb rOJIOCOBTE.. 

IIpHBJieqeHie co^yBcxBifl Handojrbe ox3UB?HBofi qacxH 6ypacya3Hoft 
AeMOKpaxiH 6bijio noaxoMy o^Hofi hb'b rjiaBHHX'B sa^a^'L HsfinpaxejiB- 
Hoft aPHxaniH conJajiAeMOKpaxHqecKHX'B KaHAHAaxoB'B na irtcxa A^ny- 
xaxoBi* B'B npyccRifi jiaHAxarB. PyROBOA^iQifl jthhIh dxofi arHxauiH 

BBIflCHaXX npHBOAHMBIH HHSe XapaKXepHBLfl I](HXaXU HS'B B083BaHia 

^Vorwarts'a» b-b a^hb BufiopoB'B, 3-ro irona h. ex. 

Bo33BaHie o6paniaexcH ro bc^h^ HsCnpaxejuiM'B des^ pasjiH^ia 
RjaccoBaro noaoHema h cocpeAOxo^HBaex^ BHHMame na Hnxepecaxi, 
ofimHXTb AJia noAaBJiaiDn^aro 6ojiBniHHCXBa napoAa, BHABHran na nep- 
Boe Mtcxo 6opB6y . npoxHB-B HHHiniHefi H36HpaxejiBHott cHcxeMH, 



*) B'B Ka3K;(0M'B H36HpaTeJIbHOM'B OlCpyr']^ nOABO;^HT&H HTOn> BCtMB UpH" 
MLIITB HaJIOraiTB, BHOCHMBIM'B rpa«AaHaMH, ;(OCTHrinHMH 24-X'B JltTHAFO B03- 

pacra, npH ^eMB npoJierapiflii'L, ne njiaTflmHMi> npjiMoro Hajiora; cxaBHTCJi 
BT> cierB 3 MapKH na Ajniy. nojiyneHHafl TaKHMi* o6pa80]iCB cyniMa ^tjiHTca 
Ha TpH paBHBiJi HacTH, H rpas;(aHe pacnpe^tjuiioTca na xpH imacca TaKHMi> 
oCpaaoifB, iTo6u cyiiMa HaJioroBB, bhochmbix'b rpaxc^aHaMn Ka«;iaro KJiacca 
pasHAJiacb OAHOfi rpoTH oCmfitL ctmmu; npH homb HaH6oJite Kpyauue njia- 
TejibmHKH npHHHCJifliDTca Kt HepBOMj KJiaccy, jieHte Kpynnue— ko BTopoMy, 
MejiRie— K'B TpeTBeny KJiaccy. Ka«;^Hft KJiaccB BH^Hpaei-B ^ a BctxB Bu6op- 
niHKOB'B oicpyra. 



60 p. B J A H K 1i. 

OT^aromefl bck) rocyAapcTBeHHyiD BJiacTB bx pyKH MajiesbKoft Ky^M 

CpEBHJierHpOBaHHUX'B. 

«H86HpaTeJiH, BHnojfflHxe saniy 06a3aHH0CTbI — TaK-b Ha^HHaexca 
B038BaHie Vorwarts'a.— Baii'B Heo6xo;i;HMO nocjiaTb b'l jiaHji;TarB xomb 
UTbCKOAbKo npedcmaeumejieU napoda, KOTopne Morjm 6h TaM-L, Birhcrt 
CB Hapo^HOfi MacGot BH'b jtaH^Tara^ bbcth 6opB6y sa nnsBepseHie 
noBopHififflaro oaccoBaro HBGHpaieabHaro npaBal Hnxepecb b-b co- 
zpaHesiH Easoro 6h to he 6ujio oaccosaro e npEBEjerHpoBaHHaro 
H86BpaTej[bHaro npasa BMierB toibko MajwnbKoe MenbtuuHcmeo na- 
poAa. HflTepecu MaccH naceJieHui Moryrb 6uTb npe^cTaBjieHbi xojibRo 
deMOKpamieH. dxo oxhochxch ko bc'6m'b cjtojDrb cpedunzo cocjioeiR e 
paSoHazo Kjiacca. 

mMcuieubKie npednpunuMamejiu Bceii;tjio saEHxepecoBaBH b'l 
HHBBepseHifl peaKii,iE e oaccoBOfi hojiexeke Eiiyn^x'b Rj[accoB'b». 

«He OAEH'b E86Epaxejib ne jifiJORewb noBBOJuixb obMasuBaxb ce6E 
jiKEBbitfE yBtpeniHME epotebhekob'b, 6y;i;xo co^iaJ[A6MOicpaxuI se^^en 
«oji;socxoposflK)]D RjiaccoByK) noiEXEKy*. Kx KAoccoeoH noAumuKfb 
cxpeMExcfl xox^, Exo noMepsEBaexi) KJiaccoBoe EBfiEpaxejibsoe npaBO, 
oxAaBafl bgk) sapoAsyD Maccy noA'b oneKy MajiesbKaro MeEbmEHCxsa. 
Kto, KajcB coBjiaJiAeMOKpaxifl, ;io6EBaexcji Bceo6niaro, paBHaro, np£- 
Moro s xaSflaro B86EpaxejibBaro BpaBa, xox^ cxpeMHXca m moMy, 
m:o6u bojul b cosHasie 6oMviuncmea sapoAa em'^jib p']bEiaK)Ei;ee 
BHa^eEie, hxo6h Bsxepecu CoAbuiuHcmea napoAa flaxoAEJE y^OBje- 
TBopeEie! — HanpoxEBi, BMeHHO uMyw^ie KjaccH, EMeHEO 6ypotcya3MAH 
napxiE, Bci 6e8'b paBiEqin, xaKJse e napxifl i^enxpa e napxiE cbo6o- 
AOMHCJwmBxx, Bpe/^cxaBJiflH)xi oABOcxopoBBie KjiaccoBbie EBxepecH, 
so BpeAy MacGu HapoAaI» 

«Kxo xoqexi noAAepacHBaxb napodnuH npaea a Hapodime unme- 
peeu, TOTb jif)sxQWb BsSpaxb coiiiajiAeMOKpaxBqecRBXi bu6ope^ekobi!> 



II. 

Kofle^EO, CBo6oAOMKCJiEE^aE napxifl,— jiiBoe Epbuio j[E6epajibEofi 
6yp»ya8iB, — cb cBoefi cxopoBH xaaae yxBepaflajra, ^xo EMeEBo osa 
EBiiflexcfl BCXEHsofi npeAcxaBExeJibEBjqefi EapoABux'b EExepecoB'b. Ho 
oBa ^aBBo yae Be noibByexca cEMnaxiflMB y dypacyasBofi A©M0EpaxiB, 
a wh nocji'hAHee speMa, nocjit xoro, Easi* OBa Bomaa bi. cxpaBHyro, 
xaE'b HasbiBaeMyK) «E0EGepBaxEBB0-jiE6epaj[bByK)» soaj[En;LK) c^h peaEi^io- 
BepaME, BcqesjiB e nocjiij^Bie ocxaxKB fljOB-hpia bo Bcix-b BapoAHBixi 

CJIOflX'b^ npOBBEByXHX'b A^MORpaXE^eCEBMB BpEBI],EnaME. He XOJtbEO 

efl «A6H0EpaxB3M'b», BO E Au6epaJlU3M^ axofi napxiE, TRQUBJom^ei 
npoBOABXb nporpeccHBBHB pe$opMH b-b coiob* cb peasi^ieft, bhsh- 
BaexT, xenepb Sojibinifl coMBisia y xix'b 6yp»ya, am Eoxopuxx je- 
GepajiHSiTb Be BByETb nycxofl, se $BpMa AJia nojiBXEqecEaro npeAnpia- 
xia, a npuuVfUm, GBMBOJi'b stpH. EoexoMy yae ao EHdopoB-b Jiy^niie 



nEPBAJIBPEniL. 61 

8ieMeHTU cBofiojtoMiiicjflii^efi napHH HaqaJH noKH^aTL ee, a nociiik 
Bu6opoB'B, nbn kotopbix'b oaa ho^th bcd cboh) dHepriio cocpeAoio- 
iHjia na 6op&M cb coipajiAeMOKpaTieft, a cb peaKiUoHHUMa napTiflMH 
6upojiacb BecbMa bajio, nep'&AKO npflMO oTKasuBaacb oTh 6opb6u cb 
HHMH, jiHiDb 6hL HaHBCTH JiHiiiHifi jAap'B coi^iaJAOMOKpaTiH HJiH sauo- 
jyqHTB nyreMTi KOMnpoMHCca jinniHifl MaH^arB, — uocjib dTBTh bb[6o- 
poB'B AeMOKpaTHqecKaii 6ypxya3ifl, vbpoauRO, oKOH^aTejBHo oTsep* 
HCTCH orB Hea. 

9to pasjioseHie HtjceifRaro j[H6epajiH3Ma, — ABJieHie cano no ce61, 
HecoMHiHHO, ne'iajiBHoe h aaAepsHBaioniee noaaTHqecicoe pasBHTie 
CTpaHH,— Aifl racTo napTiflHHX'B HHTepecoBi Htiiei^Koft coi^ajiAeMo- 
KpaiiH BecBMa 6;iaroiipiflTHO, npoBpa^afl ee b'b eAHHCTBeHHjH) hcthhho- 
AeMOKpaTHqecKjiD h nporpeccHBHyi) napriio h cTasH ee bo rjiaBi 
Bcefi A^MOspaTiH. Bi aioMi OTHomeHiH nocjiijs,Kasi HsGnpaTejibHaH 
saMnaHifl curpajia BecBMa 3HaqHTeJEBHyK) pojib h chjibho cnoco6cTBO- 
Baia yKpiiLneHiio H^Hei^KOfi coiuajAeMOspaTiH Ha nosHi^iH niHpoKaro 
AeMOKpaTHBifa, na KOTopoit oaa, npaB^a, cTOflJia uohth Bce Bpeiui efl 
cyn^ecTBOBaHiH, ho ROTopaa H'&c&ojibKO nomaTHyjiacb nocji'l SHaiieHH- 
Taro ApesAencKaro napieftTara. PeayjibTaTiii flpesAeHCKofl apw acHO 
odHapyacHJiHCb Ha Bbi6opax'B b'b pefixcrarB b'b aHBapi 1907 r. b'b 
ylNnbineHiH qacjia co^iaJIAeMOKpaTuqecKHrB AenyraTOBi Gojtbme, nfbwb 
n OAHj TpeTb; BHaqenie aroro 0CJia6jieHia uapjiaMeHTCKHX'B chjtb 
coi^aji^^eMOKpaTiH lOTqacB ace BupasajioGb B'B ycHJiema HaTacRa 
peasipoHHbixT* napoifi, ycyryCjeniH A^BJieHia aAManacTpaiuH na co- 
ipajAeMORpaTaqecRoe juBaaceaie a nonaxeaia HacTpoeaia pa6oqe& 
naccbi. 

B'B asfiapaTejibHofi RaMnaniH ji^jls. BuSopoB'B vh aaaATarb HiMei]^- 
saa coipaji^eMORpaTia CHOBa ptinuTeJibHO saaajia cbok) CTapyio TaR- 
TaqecRyio nosauiK); apRan'b cisBA'i^TejibCTBOM'B axoro cjtysarb npaBe- 
AeaHUfl HaMH Bboae i^aTaTU bb'b «Vorwarts'a», pyaoBOAHMaro. npeA- 
ciaBaiejiaMH Aneazo RpMJia coi^.-aom. napiia, — a pesyjibTaTu btoA 
a86HpaTejn>Hofi RaMnaHia ae MoryrB He coAMcTBOBaTb ynpoqeaiB) 
8T0S nosaipa. B'B Bepjiaai, noBaAHMOMy, Becbica sHaqaTejiBHaa qacTB 
6yp2Bya8HEix'B asCapaxejefi noAajia cboh rojioca sa RaHAHAaiOB'B 
co^iaJlAetfORpaTiB; tojibro 6jiaroAapa dTony, co^iaJIAeMORpaTaqecRaa 
napria Mooa, npa RjiaccoBofi a86&paTej[BHofi cacxeMi, soBoeBaxb 
noAoeuny BcbTB fiepjiHHCRax'B icaaAaTOB'B (6 hb'b 12). 

npa sTHX'b BM6opax'B Bca 6ypsya8Haa A^MORpaTia y6'&AHJiacB, 
HTO vb IIpycclH 6ypoicya3Hoil AeMORpaxaqecRofi napxia ceflqacB a'ibTB, 
qxo BA^CB xenepB xojibro coDiiajiAeMORpaxia BomiomaeTB b-b ce64 Ae- 
MORpaxaqecRie npaai^inbi a pbinaxeJBHO a BHepraqao oxcxaaBaex'B 
aaxepecu A^MORpaxia. 

Koaeqao, coBpeMeHeicB MosexB BOBHUKayxB aoaaa fiypacyasao- 
AeaoapaxaqecRaa napxia, h 6ypsya3Haa AOMORpaxia, HoiRexi* 6bixB, 
enaxB oxAiiaxca oxi comajiAeMORpaxia. Tpynna GbiBmax'B cbo6oao- 
MBicjiaQ^xx, CB asB^cxHbiM'B HOJiaxaqecRaMi A'^TOJieM'B TeodopoMb 



n 



62 p. B J A H K X. 

EapmoM^ bo rjiasi, yae lenepB paSoraei'B naji.'L coaj^aHieMt xaKoi 
napxia. Ona npHHSjia acHBoe yqacxie bt* nocjitAHeft HaSHpaxeJibHofi 

KaMnaHiH H HM^Jia CBOHX'L OTJi,ijlhEMXl> RaHJi;HJi;aTOB'B B'B BLi6opmHKH 

H ^jieHH najiaTH. Ho chjih btoA rpynnH noKa BecBMa He BHa^HieJiBHH. 
CaMHM'B apKHM'B OTJiHqieM'B 3Tofi nojiHTHqecKofl rpynnLi orb Bcixt 
^ipymx-B nojiHTH^ecKHX'B opraHH3auifl niMei^KOfi 6ypKya3iH cjry»HrL 
ea oTHomenie k'b coii;iajD[AeMOKpaTiH: bt* nocji^AHCfl ona bh^htT) ne 
npoTHBHHKa, a nojiiiTHqecKaro coiosHHKa, TaK'B KaK'B oiHOCHTejibHO 
r.iaBHiflfflefl oqepe;i,Hofi sa^a^iH, cocToani,efi bx HHSBepacesiH ^oc^o;^- 
cTBa K)HKepcTBa, Me»Ay GypayasHofl h con^ajiBHofl AeMOKpaxiefl nivb 
H He ;i;ojiaHo 6htl HHKaKoro aHiaroHHSMa. 

npoBecTH CBoero npejucTaBHTCJia B'B JiaH/^xarB arofi rpynni na 
HUH'i^inHiix'B Bu6opax^ He y^aJiocB. 

HtKOTopHH npeieHBiH na jijeMOKpaTHBM'B saaBJUHerB TaKace napxifl 
«ii,eHxpa>, KaxojiHqecKaa napxia, saMiqaxeJiBHifiiL-aa hbi BcbxTb cy- 
n^ecxByiouiHrB B'B Eeponib napxifi, cyM'^Bmaa coe^HHHXB B'B e;^HHO& 
Mon;Hofi nojiHXHqecKott opraHHsai^H Bcb oaccH h cioh KaxojiHHe- 
cKaro Hacejienifl TepMamH, otb KpynHtfiniHX'B ^eoAaaoB-B-seMJieBJia- 
fltjiBi^eB'B Ao cKpoMHifiniHX'B 6e38eMejiBHHX'B CaxpaKOB'B, ox^ BHcmefi 
KanHxanHCXHqecKofl 6ypacya8iH ao nocJiiAHaro coi^iaJibHaro KJiacca — 
4)a6pnqHaro npojiexapiaxa. KaxojiHqecKaa napxia HasHBaex^ ce6fl 
«HapoAHofl napxie&», h B'B ea nporpaMM'ik HM'bK)xca ni^ROxopHe abmo- 
RpaxflqecRie nyHKXM. npani^HniajEBHO oaa xasHce npHsnaerB Heo6xo- 
AHMOcxB yflHqxoaeHia HHHimHefi miaccoBofi HBdnpaxejiBHoft cHcxeMH 
B'B npyccKifi jiaHAxarB h aejiaxejibHocxb ycxanoBjieHia Bceo6ntaro h 
paBHaro H36HpaxejiBHaro npaBa. Ho npaKxaqecKH 8xa napxia hh pasy 
emie ne CAtJaJia nonuxKH ynnqxeaaxB cyn^ecxByioniyK) H36Hpaxejib- 
HyH) CHCxeMy, hjih xoxa 6h noABepmyxb ee cepbe3H0fl pe$opMt. 
HMHlmHaa cncxeMa BecbMa BuroAHa a^ui KaxojmqecRofi napxin, o6e3- 
neqHBaa eft fiojibmoe BJiianie b-b npyccKOM'B JiaHAxart B'B xtcHOirb 
eAHHeHiH CB ea oSh^humh coK)3HaRaMH, npyccKUMU DHKepaMH. Hicia 
B'B cBOHx;:^ paAaxx H-hKOxopae quasi-AeMOKpaxaqecKie ajieMenxH, Kaxo- 
jiaqecKaa napxia x^m'b He Mefl'he naxoAHxca Bcei^tjo noAx pyKOBOA- 
cxBOM'B ^eoAajiOB'B cxapofi h hoboS (j^opMan^a. jHapxia a na axax'b 
Bbi6opax'b yAajiocb coxpanaxb Bch cboh nosania^ a^^^ yBejinqaxb 
qncjio CBOHX'B napjiaMeHxcRHX'B iianAaxoB'B, 6oJibmeH) qacxbio na cqexi 
ea xpaAHi^ioHHaro apara— nai^iOHaji'b-jiHfiepajibHOfl napxia. 

HocJi'hAHaa, Hrpaamaa B'B 60-x'b a 70-x'b roAaxB BecbMa 6ojib- 
myio pojib B'B nojiaxaqecBofi acasaa Hpyccia a rep^aaia, npaaysAena 
6HJia saxiM'B ycxynaxb CBoe xenjioe M'hcxo B'B nojiaxijiecKHX'B kom6b- 
Hanjax'B aceji-hsHaro Kaauiepa a ero npeeMHBKOB'B JEtaxojraqecKofi 
napxia, pacxepaB'B cb xeqenieM'B BpeMena noqxa ace, qxo oaa aiiijia,— 
nojiaxaqecide npHBn,anH, nojiaxaqecKyio nporpawMy, Bjiaaie na 
o6ntecxBeHHoe Ma-haie a npoq. Yace mhoxo Ji'tx'B xony aasaAi* Bejiaidfi 
H-hMenjEifi acxopaK'B, BHB'fe noKofiaHif, TeoAop'B MoMMsea'B, Koxopbifi 
H'i^BorAa caM'B npaHaAJiesairB k'b Bai][ioBaji'B-JiB6epajibHofi napxia, cb 



nEPBAfl BPEinB. 



63 



uj6oKnwh HeroAOBaHleM'L saoefiMHJi'B ee saE'B napTiio, c6pocHBiiiyH) 
CB ce6fl Bce, ^o OHa HH-bja na 0664, h HaI^0HaJIH8M'B h jiH6epa- 
j[H8M'B, H cA'bjiaBnieficji npocTOfi najiosHHi^efi chjibhuxi> Mipa cero. , 

Han;ioHajrB-j[H6epajiBHafl napTia Tose ci nopni^aHieM'B otho- 
CHTG2 s'B cymecTByioiKefi H36HpaTei[BHofi cHCTeM*!, ho Tas% ace, Kas'B h 
KaTOJffl^ecKafl napilfl, HHqero ne CA'kiajia nna efl ycxpaHeHia. 

OrspuTBorB saii^HTHHKOirB HHH'bmHefi CHcieMK BK6opoBi vh npyc- 
CKifi JiaHAxarB saflBJUflerB ce6fl tojibko soHcepBaTHBHafl napm, SHaK)- 
mafl, HTo dTo He noBpe^HrB eft b'b o6n^ecTBeHHoirB MHiHiH, na koto- 
poe OHa Bce paBHo He nosexi pasc^HiUBaTB, h npespacHO hohh- 
Maion^aji, ?to en nojiHTH^ecKoe Bjiflnie Hepaspusno cBHsaHO cb btoS 
cHCTeMofi. BjiaroAapn nocji'bAHefi, OHa saHHuaerB B'B npyccROM'B jiaHA- 
Tarb no^TH nojiOBHHy BcbrB A^nyTaTCRHX'B MtcTi: 211 hb'b 443 h 
mA&Tb B'B HeiTB rocnoACTByioQiee nojoseme. 

B'B oGmeicB GOCTaB'B npyccKaro jtaHAiara HirbeTB hocjA noci'&A- 

ESn> BBl6opOB'B TaROfi BHA>- 

n A -P T I M. MHcno AenyraTOBi. 

Bi> HOBOMi> Bi npeAiue- 



KoHcepBaTHBHa)! napTiii .... 
GBo6oAHo-KOHcepBaTHBHaH napTin 
HauiOHajTb-jiHCepajibHasi naprifl 
GBo6oAOMfaiaiiima5i naprisi . . 
KaiojiHqecKaii naptin (ueHTp-b) 

IIOAflKH 

GoiiiaJiAeMOKpaTHqecKaR naprifl 
Bh^ naptifl 



jiaHATart. 


CTBOBaBIU 


151 


144 


60 


64 


64 


76 


36 


33 


105 


96 


15 


13 


7 





5 


7 



GyMua (yBe;iHHH;iacb BcntACTBie 
HOBaro pacnpeAtACH. OKpyroBi). 



443 



433 



III. 

OrB TaKoro cocTaBa jiaHAxara Eeshsa, KOHe^Ho, oxHAaTB hh- 
KaKHX'B ycxynoK'B TpefioBaHLairB AOMOspaTiE hh b'b OTHomeniu Hsfiapa- 

TeJOiHOfi CHCTeMBI, HH B% KaKOM'B 6u TO HH 6BIJI0 APyTOlTB OTHOine- 

hIh. Ha cyniecTBeHHoe HSMineHie exoro cocTana npH rocnoACTB'b 
HBiH'i^inHefi H36BpaTejiBHofi CHCTeMu Tose Hej[B3H pasc^HTHBaxB. 3xa 

GHCXeiCa, OKXpOHpOBaHHaS npyCCKHM'B KOpoaeM'B aHXHROHCXHXyi^LOH- 

HHM% ofipaaoM-B B'B 1849 r. nocjrb noC-hAH KOHxp'B-peBOjiioniH naA'B 
OGBofioAHxejiBHuiTB ABHsenleM'B 48-ro roAa, HOHSM'bHHO ocxaBajiacB 
B'B xe^enie mecvH AecHXHJitxifi, 3a HGKJUoqenieM'B KpaxKaro nepioAa 
1862 — 65 IT., xBepAWiTB onjoxoMi BCtrB peasiiiloHHHX'B BjieMeHxoB'B 
IIpycciH. OniiTB nocji'hAHHrB bh6opobx cHOBa noKasaji'B, ixo xojibko 
nmpoEoe h HHxeHCHBHoe ofimecxBenHoe ABHaeme Morjio 6h yHH^xo- 

SHTB BIOX'B n030pHK[fl Uepe»HX0K'B KOHXp'B-peBOJIIDIUOHHOft BHOXH, 

cJiyaKandfl xaaejiBiM'B xopnasoifB noJiHXHqecKaro h KyjiBxypnaro pa3- 
BHxia He xojBKo npyccciH, ho xaaae h Bceft repMamn, HaxoAaniiefica 



64 p. B Jl A H K 'L. 

uoji;h HaqajioM-L npyccKaro KopojM, ^o;^^ ynpaBjieHieM'L npyccKara 
npcMBep'B-MHHHCTpa H Boo6me non'B rereMOHiefl Xlpyccm. MajieHBKaa 
coi^iaji'B-AeMOKpaTuqecKafl ^paKiuir, upoHHKmafl, HaKOHei](T>, bx npyc- 
CKii jiaHATar'L, cjiitjiaeTca, MoacexTb 6hti>, i^eHrpoiTL o6•Be;^HHeHifl 
ofimecTBeHHux^ chji'b, HanopTb kotophx'b pano hjih hoboto BacxaBHTB 
npyccKyro 6K)poKpaTiH) OTKasaTLca otl noojrkjsjsaro ocTaxaa kohtp'b- 
peBOJiioiuoHHaro pesHMa. 

^0 nocjii^Hx^ BH6opoB^ o6iD;ecTBeHHoe MHime OTHocHjiocb Bec&Ma 
HHj^H^^epeHTHO KTi 8T0My Bonpocy, no/^aBjjnon^ee 6ojn>in£[HCTBO Hapo^a 
Bnajio B7> nojiHufi a6ceHTeH3M'B no OTHomeHiK) r'b npyccKOMy jlbsjst 
Tary h cobc'&M'l He npHHHMajio y^acm vb BBifioparB. Ha Bu6oparB 
1893 r. T0.1BR0 18,4^/^ n36EpaTejie& BOcnoj[B30BajiHci> (iBOHMT* BsOnpa- 
TejaEHM-B npaBOMTb; ctojib ae HesnaqHTejiBHO (18,367o) 6ujio yqa- 
cTie B86HpaTejiefi npn BBifiopaxib 1898 r. Hpn BHeopaxx 1903 r. 
BHTepecB FsfiHpaTejiefl wbcmshKO ycHJiHJica, 6jraro;(apja[ yqacxiro couiajrB- 
;^eMOKpaxHHecKofl napxin; ho ^ocJrh;^Haa BecbMa HepiniHreJiBHO npn- 
cxyuHjia K-B axoMy HOBOMy jim nea ;^'hJIy, BHaqHxejiBHaa ^acxB ea 
Bce eme finjia npoxHS-B yqacxia con^ajTB-jiieMOKpaxiH b-b npyccKoft 
H86HpaxejiBHoft eopBCi. IIoBxoMy BJiianie conjiaj'B-AeMOKpaxiH 6hjio 
Ha xix'B EHdopax-B He ana^HxejiBHo, npon;eHx^ H36Hpaxeae8, aBJiaB- 
HiHxca K'B H36HpaxejiBHBiM'B ypHaML, noBHCHJca xojiBKO Ha 57o? noA- 
HaBHiHCB AO 23,63®/^, Bctx-B npaBOMO^HHX'B, H coipaji'B-AeMOEpaxia 
He npoBejia b-b jiaHAxanb he oflporo hsi. cbohx'b KaHAH^^axoBT,. H 
npH HBiH'hniHHX'B BBreopax-B coi^iaji'B-AeMOKpaxifl xaase Aajeso He 
pasBHJia Bcefi CBoefi nojiHXH^ecKofi snepriH, pa3Cjia6jieHHaa BHyxpen- 
HHMH pa3H0rjiaciaMH no axoMy Bonpocy h coMHimaMH b-b ycnixt 
npH xaKofi HsfinpaxeJiBHofi cHcxeM-h. Ho, bo bchkomb cjiyqai, ona 
6Hja 6oJiie aKXHBHa, nim* npn npe^mecxBOBaBniHX'B BBi6opax'B; 
noaxoiiy h peByjBxaxH Sbijim fiojiie yAOBjexBopnxejiBHHe. Ho BctirB 
HaejHOAeHiaM-B yqacxie HBGnpaxejiefi 6hjio npn btetl BBifiopax'B 
Oojiie BHa^HxejiBHO, "vbwh npn npeAmecxBOBaBniHX'B; i^h$pobbix^ 
AaHHHXB erne ntxi*, cjEoanaa H36HpaxejiBHaa cHcxeMa necBMa 3a- 
xpyAHaexT) noACiexr.. 

OAHaKoaPB, HecoMHtano, ixo h na bxex-b BBieopax-B 6ojn>mHHCxBO 
HBfiHpaxejiefi B03Aep»ajiocB oxt> yqacxia b-b roaocoBaHin. B'b bxoitb 
aeceHxeHBM* naAO HCKaxB o^ny hbt. rjiaBHHXT> npnqHH'B xoro nopasH- 
xejiBHaro b'b noMXH^ecKofl ncxopin XlX-roBiKa aBjiema, Koxopoe 
npe;icxaBjiaex'B co6oh) npyccKaa KOHCXHxyi^ia, ^xb jih ne canaa peaK- 
n,iOHHaa hb-b bcAx-b eBponeficKHX'B Koncxnxyi^ifi h rbM-B ne Menie — 
caMaa j^ojiroB^qHaa h3i> ehxt*. Tpyj^no nonaxb, EaK'B xaKofi bbicoko 
KyjiBxypHBifi H nojHXHqecKH BecbMa pa3BHXQfi napo;!.!! Moaex^ xep- 
nixB BTi xe^enie 6ojite qin'B nojiBiKa xaKofi oxcxajiBit o6pa3^ npa- 
BJieHia, xaKyro BOBMyxHxejBHyio HBCnpaxejiBHyK) cHcxeMy, xasoe npe- 
He6peacHxejiBHoe oxHomenie K'B fljxj BpeneHH h BJieMeHxapHHM'B xpe- 
eoBaniaM-B nojiHXHqecKofi cnpaBewHBOCxn, Koxopne orai^exBoparoxca 
B'B npyccKofi <KOHCXHxynJH». 



i. 



m 



nsPBAiiBPsmB. 65 

CaMH aBTopBi 8T0t KOHCTHiyipH cMOTpijiH Ha H6e, RaR'b Ha Bpe- 
MeHHyD, npHBHafiafl en HecocToaTenHOCTb, h b'b canoirB leRcrt 

KOHCTHTyipH HaXOffHTCfl HpHSHaHle Heo6xOAHMOCTH JCTaHOBJEeHia 

Apyroro HsdHpaieAHaro sasoHa (§ 72), bm^cto HuatniHHro ^opeMen- 
Hozoi^ (repeal roA^ srony «BpeueHH0]f7» hchojehhtch 60 jrbrbl..)- 
Bci nojiHTH^ecsie a^tojih tofo BpeMenn, EOHoepBaTopu noiTH otojoieo 

ace, CKOJURO mdepaJUI, OTHOCEIHCb KT> BTOS «B0HCTETyi4H» CaMHM'L 
HpOHHTOOKHM'b oGpaSOM'B. JlK)6on£[THa B'b STOITB OTHOmeHin CjAflJlD' 

n^afl ci^eHsa, HMiBinaii MftcTO vh npyccKofi naiarb AonyraroBi^ 
Haiaia miTHAecjiTim foaofb. 

^jieffB aaiara jsfiujTB^rovh Otto (j[»OHvBH0vapKB-ineHray8eH'B 
(fiyAymil HMnepcidli KaH^iepi) saaBuerB: 

«Mu He HapoxHoe npoACTaBHTejiBCTBol GnycTHvca ci OToro 
nB^ecTaJia caicoBBaHHaro seiHiial IIpyccEifl napoA^, SHBynUS vb 
BOCUfH npoBHHifiHrB DpycciHy cb ero Bipot, ero ^asHiflMH, cb 
ero XHBUMH opranaMH h SHSHeHHuiiH noTpe6HO0TJiMH, d^ atnou 
fUMamfb ne orpasaercfl h ne npeACTaBueTCH. 3Ta naiara ecTB 
TOjBso npeACTaBiTeuHHAa, npn towl en^e nejAOBJieTBopHTejibHafl 
npeAcxaBHxejiBHHi^a, HOMzoeoil cuau, BupasaDOiafl nocit aboIhoS 
AHCTHJUUi^H vh AByTB HdOnpaTejiBHiiirB npoqeccarB HeMHoro 6oj[ie 
hoiobbhu (TOFAa y^acTie HafiHpaTeJiet fibuo aHaHHTeaBHie niirB 
TenepB) nxaTejaniHsoBi HaioroBrB iperB saaccoBi. 8to h He Mory 
HasuBaiB HapoAHuiTB npeACTaBHTejiBCTBOirb>! 

Ilp^endameAh: «JI AOJUsevB SAibcB opepBaTB r. opaTopa h sa- 
H^THTB eiiy, ^To CT. 83 KOHCTHTyi^H riacHTB: 

— €^eHu oGinrB naiarB cyrb npoAcraBHTeJiH Bcero HapoAa». 

jn^enfmamb Bt4CMapm: «JI oieHb 6j[aroAapeffB r. npeAcbAstTejiK) 
aa coo6QeHie aroro ^aaTH^ecjcaro yTBepsAeHui aoHCTHTyi^H... 

UpedendameA^: €fl AOJxeni 6u npHBBaTB opaTopa s^ nopHAKy... 

B'B 1867 r. TOTB se BncxapsB, CuBinii TorAa yse npyccsHiTB 
npexBepi-HHHHCTpoiTB, aaniHuiaH aceofini^yi) h paaHyi) HsdnpaTejiB- 
Hyi) CHCTeMy, TaiPB oToaaajica o uaccoBot CHCTeHt na nyCiHqHOH'B 
sacbA&BiH dbBepo-repxancRaro peilxcTara: 

«Xa, rocHOAa, bto Ha6jiK)Aan bGjihbh ea Bjunnie h BusHBaeiiUH 
eD KOHCTejJuiipH, TOTB flflSMewh CRasaTB: 6oAi6e SescMucAeHncU u 
Sojme eosMymumeMHoU HS^HpaTeibHOtt CHCTeiui He turn hh b'b 
OAHoicB rocyAapcTBi»I 

Jke cMorpfl Ha aro Baciiaps'B hh b'b aa^eoTBft npyccsaro npeMbepib- 
HHHncTpa, HH -ffh KanecTBi HMnepcBaro Raniudpa HH^ero ne ca^- 
jiajTB AU sairbHii dTofi nadnpaTeiBHott cHCTeMU ApyroD, h ona ao 
CHTB nopi npoAoiacaerb ciysHTb ^yHAaMeHTOicB npyccKofi rocyAap- 
cTBeHHOCTH. BHcuapsfb, BHpoHeiTB, He HBrbrB 6ojibnioro HHTepeca B'b 
H86HpaTeibHofi pe^opirb: «6e8C]fb[CJ[eHHaii h BoaMyrHxejibHaH cHCTeMa> 
ToibBO vh 60-TB roAarb AOCTasnJia any h'^kotopbih HenpiflTHocTH; 
noToirb owh gshjich cb Hen h npeapacHo ycipaHBaji'B nps nefi cboh 
HOjHTH^ecKUi Abia; n kohi^ CBoeft rocyA^pcTaeHHOtt A'^^eJibHocTH, 

IxMb. OTAteb n. 5 



66 P. 6 X A H K %. 

^ 

Rorffa owb Bcei^o nocBflTHn ce6fl jijbjLj p6aK^iB, owh j^aace cTan 
AopoasHTb 6D, BAJsrb HesairbHHifiiirB opyAiOM'B vb 6opb6t (yb ^eiioRpa- 
liefi H jiH6epajiii8M0irb. Ho RaR'B o6ii^ecTBo, RaR'B jiH6epaiBHafl fiyp- 
syaaifl, Ravb AOMORpaTui, — mofjih HHpHTbCfl cb TaRoS CHCTeicott h 
TepirbTb efl rnerB otb cepewHU XlX-ro jsjo na^ajia XX-ro B'bRa? 

npaBAA) SHa^HxejiBHafl lacxb rocyAapcTBeHHUxi a^jtb IIpycGiH 
nepenura, co BpeneHH ocHOBaHUi repMancRot Hicnepin, r'b ROvnereHuin 
peflxcTara; ho 6oji&inaa ^acxb BecBMa cymecTBeHHUx'B a^'b jipcETh 
nopb ocTaerca b'b BifftniH jan^ara, h 9th jsjbisk vh odmeirB 6jiuofce 
saxporHBaDrB peajiBHue HHTepecu napoxa, vbwb Bonpocu 6ojrbe 
o6ii(aro xapaRiepa, pasciiaTpHBaeiifiie HHnepcRHiTB napiaxeHToiTB. 
Bcji sgpfHHHCTpaipfl, bca HcnojmHTejtBHas sjracTB, t. e. Bce $aRTH- 
^ecRoe ynpaBjeme crpaHU noA^HHeno rohtpojuo laH^rrara, h petxcrarB 
He uMfbetm npaea BirbmaTaiBCTBa vb arc a^o (npyccRoe npaBH- 
xejiBCTBo, no RpaSHefi ufkp% aro yrBepa^aerB h pimnreiBHO onpo- 
BepraerB MajrbfimyK) nonuTRy «petxcTara vb Btowb HanpaBiemH). 
JlaHj^Tary se noA^iHHeHO Bce npflMoe o6xoseHie» caMaa BaasHafl ^acTB 
coBpeMeH&ofi HaioroBofi cucreiiu. EHy se noAUHeHo saReHOAaTeiBCTBo 
no BonpocaH'B irbcTHaro caiiojnpaBJieHifl, napoAHoe npocBin^enie, Bct 
RyjLBTypnufl aaAa^n n ece azpapnoe aafsonodameAbcmeo. Bcb am 
BaacHBifl orpacjiH rocyAapoTBeHHoi shbhh oprasBSOBaHu wb TaRom 
peaRipoHHOM'B, ysRO-oocjiOBHoirB H noxHi^eltcROirB jijxi, tto nfafei^Rie 
AeMORpaxu <yb nojmuM'B npasoiTB roBoparB, ^ro Ilpycoui — ^BopyccU, 
He ToiBRO reorpa$HHecim, ho h bi noxHTn^ecROirb h b'b copiauHoirB 
OTHomeniH <npeA-Poccifl», — npewBepie nocji%AHHro oniora eBponet- 
cROfi peaRipH. 

FocyAapcTBeHHaa BJiacTB ^aRTH^ecRH noTrn Bcen^o HaxoAHToa 
Vb pyRaTB noiAcTHaro ABopHHcxBa, npoHHRHyraro ao chxi nopi 
rjiyCoRHirB npespi^Hieii'B ro bo^mi aptthitb RiaccaM'b h cocjiOBimrB, — 
TpaAH^ioHHUM'B yfitawemeiTB, ito crocy^apcTBO bto — ^Ji». 9to naRia- 
ABiBaeTB riyfioBifi OTne^aioR^ na Bce BaROHOAaTejE&OTBo IIpycciH, 
HanpaBuevoe vb 3HawTexBHoS creneHH ysRo-cocjioBHUHH HHTepecaira, 
CHMnaiiJiHH H aHTHnariaMH «nepBaro» cociOBia. 

SeMCRoe caMoynpaBjieme hohth Bcei^ibjEO vb pyRarB H>HRepcTBa, h 
Bce ceiBCRoe nacejieme naxoxHTCfl B'B saBHCHiiocTH otb Hero, neno- 
cpeACTBeHHofi HJH nocpeACTBeHHofi qepe^^ ero npeAcraBHreiiet, janA* 

paTOBl, BOMCRHX^ HaiaJEBHHROB'B H T. TL., HagHaHaeiUITB 06£IRH0BeHH0 

HBi cpsAU MicTHaro ABopancTBa. Ta lacTB cejiBCRaro HaceieHia, ro- 
Topaa SHBOTB na noirbn^H^efi seuA, ocTaerca BnoiHt noA% na^a- 
jiowb cBoero noirbn^Ra, c^nraiDn^aroca cHa^ajibHHRoirB noMicTBa» 
H Ha8HaqaK)ii^aro co6GTBeHHofi BJiacTBD sairbcTHTejui arofi aojdr- 
HOCTH. HaceieHie aTHXi* noMicTift noA^acB BecBMa snaHHTejiBHO. B'B 
BocTo^Hofi IIpycciH oho o6HHMaerB 18,7V« Bcero nacejieHia npoBHH- 
i4h, B'B 3anaAH0& IIpycciH — 13,3^0, vb nosHaHCRoS npoBampn 
19,67o, a B^ noMepaniH — 217o Bcero irbcTHaro nacejieHial Mnoro 
noiiicTit HM^DTB BecBMa BHa^HTejiBHoe Haceienie; laRi no cTara- 



m^i .- ' 



hepbaAbpsiub. 6? 



cTHKfb 1887 r. vh boctohhux'b npoBHHipflrL 1038 noirbciitt hmIih 
6ojrbe 300 SHTaiet, 216 HMftxB otl 501 ao 1000 SHTeiett h 43 
noHicTba HirbxH Soiie 1000 amrejiefi, HaxoAfliwxcfl, na ocnoBaHiH 
aoKOKa, nox'B HaqaiOH'E noMinpiEa. 

EoHeqno, o6fl8aHHOCTH noirbmuRa-Ha^aiBHHEa uo OTHomeHUO Ri^ 
noABiacTHOMj eifj Haceieaii) touo onpeA'bjieHu saKOHOirb^ ho npe- 
jilkjai «ycvOTptHii[» rtirB He xenbe Bee&Ma niHpoKie h oTHociTeJUHo 
Majio crbcHHTeAHu w^ DHsepa. ,9^ xapaKxepHCTHiui cocTOflHiH Ha- 
ceieniH oTHrL noirbcTiS npHBexeirL cjrbAjDntiii saM'b^aHiH OAHoro 
6epjraHCKaro npo^eccopa: «B'b noMtcTbiiXB, Haceieme Boropuxi hh- 
Korxa He npHBaesaeTCH k'b y^acTiiD vh o6n^HHHiirb xiiaxi, HHKorxa 
He Ewb&Tb cjfHafl noBHasoMHTbCfl ci> 6iaraMH o6n^ecTBeHHaro ynpaB- 
lemji, — vb OTHTb noM^cTbflX'b rocnoACTByerb jsjxb, BHymaDn^ifi oa- 
HHiTb y6toA6Hie, ^to qesl poacAenu fM Biacm, a ApyrHirb, ocymen- 
HioTB B^ nojiHTHHecso]r& oTHomeHiH Ha Tynoe npoaa6aRie, nouyD 
roTOBHocTb rojiocoBarb na BEieopaxi TaBfB, sasi loro acejiaerB mhio- 
cTHBut rocnoAHHi». 9nwh oiqacTH 06'BHCHJieTCii, ^rro 6oiiiHiafl lacTb 
ceibcsaro nacexenlH, ho toibro npn BuSopaxB wh laQA^arL, ho TaRse 
Ha BuCoparb fb peflxcTai-B na ocHOBaniH Bceo6n^aro, npAMoro, paB- 
Haro H TaBnaro H86HpaTeuHaro npana OTAaDTx cboh rojioca dhro- 
pan. 

Gbood BJiacTbD npyccRie lOHRepu noib8yK)TCH Bec&Ma ycepAHo au 
«oxpaHH nopHAKSi h cnoRotcTBis>, a^ Hacaag^eHui «Ao6pm[i HpanoBi^ 
H 6jtaro^ecTiA, a TaRflse— au o6jier^eHiH leoa^et na hhtb oa- 
MHrb HaxoroBot xiOKecTH nocpeACTBoirB nepeneoeHifl en Ha mnpoRiH 
Hie^H HapoAHHHy H BOofiHie AU yjiy^meniH cBoero nojiosemfl, BcerAa, 
HO mTh yCisAenii), «RpaftHe 6iACTBeHHaro»... 

B'B HaiOrOBOlTL OTHOmeHlH DHROpCTBO Vh HacTOHH^ee BpeMH 

ypaBHeno cb APyrnxH cocjOBUufH, ho camiirB snaTHUH'B npeAcraBH- 
TejuQfB DHRepcTBa rocyAapcTBo aaniaTHjo orojio 15-th xivb Tony 
Hasafli Rpynnyi) cyMiiy aa oxirbHy etb npHBEiJienfl: hmx 6un> mur 
AaffB RanHTaxB, cecTaBJUDnut 18Vt-KpftTHoe roAHUoe ofijosenie. 

UpaBHTeiBCTBO, Cl CBOefi CTOpOHU, CB ^peSBUnaSHOft SaSOTJKH^ 

BOCTBD oxpaHflerB uHTepecu DHRepcTBa, c% jierRHM'B cepAiieiCB sepx^ 
Byn paAH nero HHTepecaMH Apyrnxi RjiaccoB'B. XapaRiepHHHi npH- 
lApoiTB MoseTB cjiyxHTB npoHuoroAHiS i^HpRyiHp'B MHHHCTpa o6n^e- 
CTBeHHBUTB paCoTB, peROMeHAOBaBHiitt noA^HHeHHony eiiy B^AOMCTBy, 
us6rbzamb npHHHTiH Ha pa6oTy npH ipeACTonn^Bxi pafioTarB no 
ycrpoficTBy RanajioBi, TpeSoBasmHrB mhofo pa6oHHxiCHX'B,— mi5jk0^' 
1eux^ paSoHuxb, as^bi HHrepecBi noii'bnprROB'B He crpi^aJiH otb ycE- 
JieHlH R0HRyppeH^iH na HiHeqROirB pa6oieirB puHRtI — Mhhhctp'b 
dojiotcewb 6hLs:h axo cA^JiaTB, noTOMy hto aioro Tpe6oBaj[0 rocnoA- 
cTByK)H];ee vh npyccsoirB napjiaxenrb DHRepcTBO. Ohtb noaroicy A^^e 
cqejTB Heo6xoAH]fU]rB aojioshtb npyccROMy jiaHArary cbohxi irbpo- 
npiaiJHXB Vh san^HTy HHiepecoBi noMiniHROB'B. 

«0b CeOCROXOSHtCTBeHHUirB H TOprOBBUTB B^AOMCTBOITB yCTaHO^ 

5« 



6d p. B it A H & %. 

Bjieso corjiameHie,— aaflBHJTB oh'lb'b cBoeS pb^H,— 9to6u Bocnpeiunv 
cTBOBaTb OTBJieqeHiK) cejiBC&o xoajificTBeHHiiirB h npoMunueHHurL 
pa6oqHX'B. npHHATBi M^pu s^ nooJupesiiD npHBje^eHifl unoempanr 
uuxr> paCoHuayh. IIpeAnpHHHMaTeiiflirB sanpen^eno hoa'b yrposofl 
mxpa^a npHBieKaxB jfb cjy^ia'b HeAOcxaTKa paCowz'E cexb ffbiceii^- 
KHXi> pa6oqHrB, ceibCKO-xosflflcTBeHEBirb hjblh npoMHinjieHHUx'B*. 
9to MHHHCTp'B npHSHaeTB nydjiH^HO, CB napjiaMeHTCKofi TpflOyHU, vih 
cnoKofiHOM'B cosHaHiH, ^To dTO He TOjibKO He HOBpeAHrB eny, ho en^e 
ynpo^HTb ero nojio2BeHie, KaKi* cBHAtxejiBCTBO ero npeAaHHOCTH HHTe- 
pecaifL H)HKepcTBal 

OTHomeHie lonnepcmea irb rocyAapcTBenHUM'B HHTepecairB Bupa- 

8HJI0CB 0C06eHH0 flpKO B'B BOnpOCb 06l yCXpofiCTBi HOBLU'L BOfipUTb 

nyrei — KanajoB^, HMiK)ii^HrB orpoMHoe BHaqenie ]^& pa3BHTia apo- 
MuniJieHHOCTH H Topri/BJiH. B'B 1899 r. npasMTejucTBO BHecjo b^ 
jiaHATarB npoeKrB i^eHxpajiBHaro KaHajia, coeAHHajDn^aro 9jQ»6y cb 
PefiHOMrb. 9x0 6biji'b rpaHAiodHufi njiani orpoMHaro aKOHOMaiecKaro 
H KyjiBxypHaro BHa^efliji. Ho JOHsepu, Boofin^e nenpuiBHeHHO oxhoch- 
nuecfl Ki pasBHxiH) npoMunueHHOcxH h xoproBiH, noAOspHxeiBHO 
oxHOCflniiecfl xaRse kt* ysejiH^ieHix) cpeAcxBi* coo6n^eHiH, piniHxejibHO 
BOcnpoxHBHJiHCB dxoMy HJiaHy. y6isAeHlfl h HacxoHHui npaBHxejiB- 
cxBa H caMoro MOHapxa, qpesBuqafino AoposEBmaro npoecxoMi, 
HMiiDiiViM'B HCXopH^ecKoe sHaieEie, Gblblh XH^exHBi; xBMj[T2i,rb cnneepz^ 
3aROHonpoeKx%. HeroAOBame BHiBreJiBica II 6£ueo 6e3rpaHH^Ho; oh'b 
upepBaj'B BCflKia CHO^peniH co MHornMH npeACxasHiejuuiH lOHKep- 
cxBa, 6B[BniHMH npeii^e qacxuMH rocxAMH y Hero, yBOJiHjrB HtcKOJB- 
no A^cflXKOBTi ^jienoBi jaHAxara cb rocyAapcxBenHoft cjiyacCu, ox- 

GXaBHil'B HtCKOJUbKO MHHHCXpOB'B, nOA03plBaeMHX'B HMl B'B CRpUXOfl 

noAA^psKi iDHRepoB'B, MesAy npo^HiTB, nsBicxHaro JCHHBCxpa $h- 
HaHCOB'B MHsejLH H xopsecxBeHHO BaflBHJTBy ^xo Kanaji'B HenpeiitHHO 
AOJuseH'B 611XB H 6yAex'B nocxpoen'B. 

Ho K)HKepBi He cAaBajmcB h B'B Eonqt rohi^ob'b, nocjii aojkthtb 
cnopoB'B h neperoBopoBi», npoAOJisaBniHXCfl 6 ji'bx'B, upaBHxejiBcxBO 
npHHysAeno Sbuio yAOBOJUBCXBOBaxBCH RanaAoifB orB PeMna ao TaH- 

HOBepa H UpH XOM'B Ad'TB HHXepeCaM'B DHEepCXBa 3Ha?HXeJU»HBUi KOtf- 

noHcaipH B'B APF^^^ oxHomeHlaxB. lOHsepu 6j[ecxHH^e BBurpajiH 
6HXBy noA'B xpaAHi^oHnHMi lOHKepcKiiMi jtosyHroii'B: «Un(i der EO- 
nig absoiut, wenn er unseren WiUen thutl» 

yAUBMTeJIBHO JIM nOCJli^ 8X0X0, qXO CRpOMHBlJS MHHHCXpX ofifl^e- 
CXBOHHBIX'B pa60X% C^HXaerB Heo6XOAHMUM'B yBlpHXB DHRepOBl CB 

BEicoxH napjiaHenxcRofi xpH6yHU, ^xo oh'b a'^^^^^ Bce, ?xo bos- 
MOSHO, AJiA oxpanu HHxepecoB'B noM'bniiHROB'B h toxob'b sepxBOBaxB 
paAH Bxoro HHxepecaMH paCoHHX'B? 

CejiBCRie pa6o^e, asHByiiUe B'B noM'bH^avBHX'B brohoiuhx'b ao 

GHXl UOpii UOA<IHHeHU ROHXp'B-peBOJI£)I^OHHUM'B SaROHajfB 50-X'B XO- 
AOBX, J[HmaK)IUMM'B HXl H xtX'B CRpOMflBUCB UpaB'B, ROXOpUMH HOIB- 

syiDxcH APyne pa6oiue« 3a cxa^iRy ohh HOAieasarB wf^nAaM^ mw- 



niPBAABPBmB. 69 

ptMHUAn soKAioHeHieAn do odnozo zoda\ sa HenocjiymaHie npHKasamfliTB 
zosflHHa HiH ero saiiicTHTejUi ohh MoryrB Cutb noABeprHyrBi nrrpa- 
$y ffi 15-TH MapoK'B HJiH TnpeMHOMy sauiioHeHiK) ao 3-rL ahbS. 
Canoe rpyfioe ofipanKeme co cTopoHA zodJiHHa, He HCKJuoqafl jfflMe 
<ierKaro» T&jiecHaro HaKasaHiH (non^eHHHH, y^apa h t. n*), He 
AaDTB dTHiTB pa6oHB]rB npaBa AOcpo^Haro OTKasa orB cjiys6H, 
padB-b TOiBKO eciH <rpy6oe o6panteHie xosaeBi noABepraerb onac- 

HOCTH HTb SH3HB HIH KTh BffipOBhe, HIH eClH ZOSHeBa, XOTH H 

6effh TaKOBoS onacHOCTH, o6pan^aH)TCH cb hhmh e^ neoduKuoik h 
HpeaMVbfnoik mecmoKocmbto^. 8to OTHomeHie Kh pa6o9BirB Hano- 
MHHaen KptnocTHoe npano, ho nHKepam yAaiocb otctohtb 8Torb 
sasoHi OTL BC&n HanaAOB'B h coxpaHHTb ero ao Hamero BpeiieHH. 
HHTepecu nnsepoBi ctoht-b Ha nepBoiTB uaHi, ho h HHrepecEi 
KanHTaiHCTOBf& npHHHManrcH 6ih3bo itb cepAO[y npyccKHirB npaBH- 
TeiBCTBoirb. $a6pHqHafl HHcneiopH BecBHa HeAOCTaxoua h ho ot- 
Btiaei^ Tpe6oBaHuiir& Hamero BpeMenn, ho xoAaTatcTBa pa6oqHX'L 
efl pasBHTiH h yjyqmemH ocraDTca 6e8i» BBHHania. 3a to ceoibko 

BHHMaHlH Kb ySKHlTB HHTepecaiTB ^^afipHKaHTOFB iI0Ka8£IBaerB, 

Hanp., saflBieme MHHHCTpa c^ napncLnenmciwA mpuSffnUj hto 
«HacTHaji HpoMBimieHHOcTB HirberB npano Tpe6oBaTb, mno^ zocy- 
dapcmeeuHUH npednpinmiH ne ruiamuAu SoAne eucoK(y& aapadom-- 
noU njuimu^ jsfiJ6u ne noBpeAHTB arHirB qacTHofi upoimniieHHOCTHl* 
(B'B sacbA&HiH laHATara 2-ro MapTa 1893 r.). 

HtBOTOpUM'B BHHMaHieiTB CO CTOpOHU HpaBHTeJIBCTBa H rOCHOA' 

CTByDH^efi napiiH npyccBaro upaBHTejiBCTBa noAsyeTCH en^e «cpeA- 
Hee cociOBie> (peiiecioHHHKH, MOJOLie npoMBinueHHHKH h t. n.), fb 
KOTopoiTB OHH BHAflTB OHJioTB cyn^ecTByDH^aro CTpOH npOTHB'B pefio- 
jDoi^oHHHn CTpeiueHifi. Mnoro «pe$opirB» Hsofip'bTeHO 6ujio npyc- 
CKOfi CDpoKpaxiet au <cnaceHifl> cpeAHaro cociOBiH: opraHHsaqui 
i^exoKB, KpexHTHafl noMomcB, vkpu npOTHB'B Soibhihx'b MarasHHOB'B- 
OaeapoBi, ofiioxeme h nacTHHHoe sanpen^enie paanocHot ToprotOH, — 
He ocTanoBHiHCB A^se nepeA^ irtpaMH npoTHB^ noTpe6HTej[BHBirB 
oSu^ecTBX OftAHilmflX'B npoierapiOB'B. Ho Bce aio Majio npHHecjio 
DOJEBBii «cpeAHeMy cocjiOBi]D> H jifiLiQjLO He yAOBJieiBopHJio ero. 

Emfi 6oxbe, qiirB bb saBOHOAaTeiBCTBi, KacTOBBift coniajiBHuft 
Ayxx HaiaraerB cbod ne^axB na HcnojiHHTejiBHyH) BjacTB npyccKaro 
KopoieBCTBa. GaMoynpaBjieHie, cyA^B, tfapoAHoe npocBbn^eme h npoq. 
H npo9. (o nojunpH, Konewo, h fobophtb neqero) — Bce npoHHSHyxo 
ormrB ysKHii'B AyxoirB, AyzoM'B uiaccoBolt 6opB6u bx xyAmeMii 
cMHCii cioBa, uaccoBOfi 6opB6u npHBHJUterHpoBaHHBirB uaccoBi^ 
MaieHBKOfi ^acTHipi Haceieniii, co BciirB hotth napoAoirB. 



70 1>. B Jt A S K %< 



ir. 

KsRs Morb TaRofl peaKiuoHHufi ctpofl yAepiBaT&cil ao Hamero 
BpeMeHH FB BBicoKORyjibTypHoft TepMaHiH, npn Becbua pasBiiToirL 
nojiHTH^ecKH HacejieHiH, co cnio^enHoft h npespacHo opraHHSoBaHHot 
coBjiaji'B-AeMOKpaTiei? Ji^Tb ncqepuuBaioiiuS OTB'brB Ha 8totb bo- 
npocL BecbMa ee lerKo; oh'b cBflsaH'B cb MHoro^iHCJieHHEiMH npn^^ 
HauH cjosHaro coiQai&HO^nojiHTnqecKaro, Kyju>TypHaro h Hcrops^e- 
csaro xapasTepa, h uu ba^cl He MoseifB ce6i cxaBHTb u^imo pas- 
CMOTpime Bonpoca, Tpe6yx)n(aro oGmapHuxx HSCjrbAOBaHlfi. Mbi ocxa- 
HOBHHGJBE sA^cb TOjiLKO Ha oAHOfl CTopoHi npo6j[eHU— Ha OTHOmeHlH 
coi^an-AOMOKpaTiH s'b 9T0My Bonpocy, Ha en pojiH b'b a^^ o6n(h 
Bjiemfl saoTEiBniaro rocyAapoTBeHnaro crpoa IlpycciH h ocBoSoacAe-- 
Hifl repManiH orb aioro spaftne BpeAHaro nepesHTsa KOHrpn^-peBO- 
jinqioHHofi anoxH 50-xi foaob'b. Bi IlpycciH 6oji']be ^"^h^ b'b saKOM'B- 
U60 ji.^jcou'b coDSHOifb rocyAapcTB'b repHancKOfi HHnepiH coipan* 
AeMospaTiH cocpeAOTOwia b'b ce6i ho^th bcd HaiHwyi) nojuTHqe- 
csyiD 8Hepruo AOMOKpaTm; ch pojib b'b A6M0RpaTH8ai9H npyccKaro 
KopoieBCTBa, noBTOMy, AOixna 6bitb caMaa BHaHHTeAHaa. TaKoe 
noj[02ReHie najiaraerB na coi^ajii-AeMOKpaTHqecKyE) napTin 6ojLbmji> 
OTB'bTCTBeHHocTBy H OHa 8T0 coBHaex'B; HO OHa AOJiro 6£uia y6'baweHa, 
HTO ly^me Bcero bmhojehhtb cbod ueqcud, ocjih ...ho 6yAeTB bmI- 
HiHBaTBCii vh napjiaMeHTCKyto shbhb IlpycciH, cocpeAoro^HBi Bce 
cBoe BHHMaHie na i^eHrpaJObHoirB opran'b nojiHTH^iecicofi shbhh Bceft 
TepHaHiH — HMnepcKOirB peftxcrarb. Ona 6Bua yfiteAena, ^to to^bro 

BA^CB HaAO HCRaTB Ty apXHHBAOBy TOVy, R'B ROTOpoft A^MORpaiiA 
AOlSHa npHJIOSBHTB CBOfi pBTiarB, ^T06U nOAHflTB BCD HHnepiH) H 

Bcb en cocTaBHUfl nacTH na 6oi'be BucoRifi coi^ajiBHuS ypoBSHB. 
IIoaTOMy cd^ajTB-AOMORpaTH^ecRafl napTln ao 1898 r. BOBce ne npH- 
HHnajia yqactifl b'b npyccRHXi napjiaMeHTCRHX'B BuOopaxi. Ona 
Aaace BOSBejia aro OTpe^eme b'b npHB^Hni, paac^HTUBafl ujrewh 
AOMOHCTpaTHBHaro BOBAepsanifl CRop'be AOCTHrnyTB i^jih» ^iwb yqa- 
cTieirB vb H86HpaTej[BHofl 6opB6t npn ctojib iflsejEBix'B ajui hqa 
ycjioBiHTB, RaKB RiaccoBafl HBfiHpaTejiBHafl cHcxeiia h nyfiiH^HOcxB 
roflocoBanifl, 

OmH6o^HOCTB BToro paacnema o6HapysHJiacB cpaBHHTeJiBHo csopo, 
HO npuutium AOJiro npoAOJDsajTB rocnoACTBOBaxB B'B yMax'B, noAaBJUH 
CHioft CBoefi HHepi],iH BHeprlH) h piniHiiOGTB H Tolt ?acTH coi9ajrB-A6- 
MORpaTH^ecROfl napTiH, ROTopaa coBHanajia HenopMajiBHOCTB noioseHlH. 

B'B nepBufi paBii BonpocB o6'b yqaciiH B'B npyccRHXB napiaiteHT- 
CRHX'B Budopax'B HocTaBieHOb 6uji'b na o^epeAB au conjian-A^MO- 
RpaTH^ecRaro napxeltTara B'B 1893 r. (b'b KejiBH'b), — b'b cbhbh cb uomb- 
MHROfi, BBiBsaHHOfl cTaTBofi dAyapAa BepHmreBHa cb «Neiie Zeit», vb 
ROTopofi OH'B BucRasajECH Ba y^acTie b'b Bu6opazi h HB6HpaTejibHoe 



k 



nBPBAflBPBmB. 71 

cQTJEameHie ci juifiepajibHofi dypsyasieS. JloRJEaAHHEOirB na napxefi- 
Tarfc fiujTB B66eiB, h ohi* p'bmHTejiBHO oTBepn npexJioaKeHie Bepn- 
nrrelHa. npHSHasafl otceJuimejibHoemh yqacTUf coiuaji'B-;^e]iOBpaTiH Vb 
npyccsoiTB ladArarb, Be6eji& OAHaKo^js'b HaxoAHjrB, ito 8to $aKTH- 
TOCKH ne eaajtooicHo^ TavL Kam co6cTBeHHUMH CBiaiiH oou^-jifiu. nap- 
TUi He MOserB sasoeBaTB AonyTaTCiuix'B MicrB, a KoaiHi^ji cb 6yp- 
zyasHBiMH napTiaim ne AonycTHMa; «BaRJUDqeHJe BOMnpoHHCcoB'B (tb 
Bpa3iwe6HiuiH naprijiMH nporaBop'bqHJio 6u rbirB npHHUHiiairB, koto- 
p£[XB naprifl ao crtl nopB opHAepacHBajiacB npn Budopax'B, laR'B 
Barb OHH HeH36'lsHO BH6CJIH 6u vb HamH pflABi AeHopaiHsaqii), 
cnopu H pa3AopBi». Bi BB^y Tasaro nojioseHiB Be6eiB npeAJiaran 

CBiSAy flOCiaHOBHTB, ^TO 

„npyecKie mosapuu^u no napmiu odnaanu eoadepofcusambCH aim 
ecMsaw ynacmM e^ eu6apax^ e^ AaH^ma^^ npu nuufbtuHeU usSur- 
pameMHoU cucrMJum^. 

IIpeAioseHie Be66Jifl He bctp'^thio Bospasemfi hh cyB HBefi cto- 
pomi H edwHozjmcno 6buo npHHATO napTefiTaroirB. OxHOBpeifeHHO cb 
8thm:b, napTeftTarB, Tasse eAHHorjiacHO, uphhhji'b npexJioseme Be- 
6eifl «npH8BaTB BcbxB roBapHn^et pasBHTB mnpoKyn h BHeprHwyi) 
arffraipK) vb nojD»8y BBeAeHia aah laHATaroBi Bceo6niaro, paBHaro, 
TalHaro h npHMoro HafiBpaxejiBHaro iipaBa». 

nepBoe mn> bthxb nociaHOBJieHifi cB'bdAa (o BOSAepsamH) 6ujio 

TOHHO BBinOJLHeHO, HO BTOpoe (O HIBpOBOtt H 8HeprflqHofi aTHXaiUH) 

ocxasocB Ha CyMari... HteoTopBU nonuTSH, A'bJiaBmiHCJi bi btobtb 
HanpaBjieHiH^ He bctp'^thih aoiBoro oruHKa, h Bce ^o csopo sa* 
noxio. 

IIocTaHOBieHie KeiBHcaaro napTefiTara 6£Ijio paBHOCHAHO oTKasy 
coipai'B-AeMO]q[>aTiH otb 6opB6u cb npyccKofi peasiuefi Ha npyccKOfi 
HOHBft. Ho npycG&afl peaimui, Bone^HO, oth£)ab ne OTKaBBuaiacB orB 
6opb6h cb repMancBofi coipajTB-AeHOEpaTiefi BcbMH AOCTynHBUH efi 
cpeACTBaMH H AonuKa b'b 8T0M'b oTHomeHiH, HaBoneiiB, ao tofo, hto 
CAijaxa aonuTsy, vh 1897 r., npoBecTH qepea-B npyccKiS jiaHAxarB 
vb HCftiDHHTeiBHiie saBOHu npoTHBi pafio^aro ABHsemn, vh boto- 
pux'B repnancKiit pefizciarB OTBasajrb npaBHieJiBCTBy. 

ToFAa repMaHCBaji copiajTB-AeMOKpaTH^ieGKafl napxia noHJua^ Kaiuji 
OHacHOCTH TaHTB B'B 006*6 HOorpaHnqoHHoe rocnoAOiBO peaKI^OHHa^o 
DHKepcTBa B'B npyccBOM'B jiaHATarb, h KaKan onrndBa 6uj[a coBep- 
moHa CH) Ha Kojebhoboitb cB'bsA'b. IIpeAJioseHie «oniiopTyHHOTa> 
BepmnretHa^ OTBeprnyToe eAHHOAymHO fb 1893 r., 6buo bo8o6hob- 
leHO «paAHBai[oirB» KapAOMb ICaymcKUM^^ npn eHeprniHOt noA- 
AopsKi MHOFHTB jspYTBTb npoAOTaBHTejiefl JiiBaro spBuia coqiaji'B- 
AOMOKpaTiH, Basx, Hanp., Kxapu Q.eTBHH'B h IlapByca, npn qeifB no- 
CJT&AHilt HaxoAHJTB xenepB, ^to yqacrie coiiiaji'B-AeMOKpaTiH vh npyc- 
cKom JiaHATarl BHiio 6bi nySoKoe peeoAKn^iowHoe BHa^eHie. Be- 
6eiB caBfb npej^osHXB oqepeAHOMy naprefiTary xoro roAa (b'b ran- 



'1 



72 p. B J A H K %. 

6yprb) omMrbnumb nocTaHOueHie RejibHCRaro cbisAa h bh^oto Toro 
nocTanoBHTB, hto 

«7?acTie bi. 6j[H3Ra8iiiH7B Bu6oparB vb npyccidi JiaHATarb He- 
o6xoAHifo noBcioAy, Tjsjb ycJOBis 8to AOiiycKaDrB», h «TairB, rxt bbi- 
cTaBJieHie coScTBenHux'B bu6opii](hkob'b He boshosho, a TOBapHii](H 
OAHaRO-acB ptmnjiH npHHATB y^iacTie wb BBidoparB, AonycKaercs hs- 
Spanie beeCopii^hrob'b, npHHaAJiesan^HrL (HCKjnDTHTejUHo) kb 6yp- 
myasHoii 0^^08H^iH>. 

nepBoe npeAJioseme (061 yiacilH coipaji'B-KeMOBpaTiH vb npyo- 
CREX'B BH6opax'B) G'B'bsA^ npHEuuTB; HO BTopoe (0 nojuepsK^ 67P- 
syasHUX'B KaH^HAaTOBii) oh'b OTBeprb, nocTaHOBHB'b, no «KOiaipo- 
MHCcu CB ApyrnMH napTijiifn ne aojubhu 6bitb 8aiu[X)HaeMU». 

nocjitAHee nocTanoBJieHie OAHaso-si He aojisho 6fiiTB noHflro vb 
CMHCJii npHHii;Hniaj[BHaro ocya^enifl hojihthkh komhpomhccob'b. riasHiit 
opaTopi) npoTHBi npeAJiosenifl Befiejui, BHJiBrejibirB JlHSsHexTB, est 
xeropn^epKH saHBHJi'B, wo npHHifHniajiEBHBix'B Bospaacenift npoTHB'B 

TaKTHRH SOMnpOMHCCOB'B OH'B He HlfbeTB. «£[, HaBtpHoe, He npOTHB- 

HHRi EOHnpoMnccoB'B», CRasaji'B ovB. «H yse 30 jAvb rouj HasaAi 
nHcajTB, iTO BCH nojiHTH^ecEafl SH8HB cocxaBJuieTi cyMMy ROMnpo- 
MHccoBHB Mes;iy pasJiH^HUMH Mipocosepi^aHiHMH, Mesj^y pasiH^raHiiE 
EHTepecaMH. H npn (|)paHi](y8CR0fi peBOjmiuH HHRor^a ne A^aiH 
tabula raea; xaRoe npeACTaBjceme ExbiOTb tojibro nojiHTHqecRie lua- 
;^eHi^u HJHH, BO BCJiRoiTB cjij^dA, HauiH npaBHTejiBCTBa H Hama noiH- 

I^JI. Bt» nOWTHR'b TO^HO TaRl Se, RaR'B Wb ^HdHqeCROlTB Mipt, A^B- 

cTsyerB saROH'B napajuejiorpaMiia chjtb. 8to a npHBHaD; h eon 
ROMnpoMHCCB cb spyroH) napriefi 06'biiiaerB mh^ RaRyK>-HH6yAii bh- 
rojo^y, npeBB[inaK)niyK) speAHBifl nocjrbACTBiH, to a ero HenpeH^HHO 
npHHy». Ho 6ojiBniHHCTBO ciidAa, noBH;(HMOMy, pasA^JUtto He^oBfe- 
pie JlH6RHexTa r'b coBpeMenHoft JiHSepajiBHofi 6ypsya8iH^ ho HicftiD- 
mefi TeiiepB^ no ero MH^HiH), HH^ero oGn^aro cb AOMORpaTiet; co 
cBo6oAOMucjuin^efi napriefi HejiB8H coeAHHaxBca, «c'b mpynoMb neiBsa 
coeAHHflTBca, a y HacB bt* FepManiH nporpeccHBHaa napria npeA- 
cxaBJuierB co6ok) — xpynii*. He cHHTaa bosmoshbutb coexHHeHie cb 
TaRofi jiH6epajiBHoft napxiefi h y6'ki^eHHEifi vb HeBOsiioaKHOcTH no- 
6tAH Ha BBi6opax% coficTBeHHUHH cHiaMH coiuajTB-AOMORpaxiH, BaaB- 
rejiBM'B J[H6RHexrB HacxaHBajTB na coxpaneHiH ReuHCRaro nocra- 
HOBJieHia. 

COOaCHBHIHCB Ha nOJEOBHHy CB J[H6RHeXT0irB, Ha HOIOBHHy GB 

Be6eJieM%, coBepmeHHO necorjiacHBiMH jij^jrb cb ]s;pjrowb, ravfiypr- 
cRifi cB'bBA'B coi^ajn-AeMORpaTHHecROfi napxiH cosAai^ noJiosReide, 

CB ROXOpHHl He MOFJia npHUHpHTBCH HH Xa, HH JSpj^dLSL CTOpOHa. 

BcjrbACXBie axoro cxopoHHHRH xofl hjih APyroB xo^rh sp^Hia Bory- 
HHJUi xpyrB CB ApyroBfB B'B BocBMa oflCHBJieHHyx), oxqacxH oqeHB pts- 
RyD, noieMHRy oxHocHxeJiBHo xoro, RaR'B Ha^o noHHMaxB ptmeHie 
CBidAa H ^xo MosHo H ^TO AOJiSHo A^JiaxB npH npeACToanptTB vb 
1898 r. HOBBix'B Bu6opax% vb laHAxarB. dxa noJieiiHRa, RonevEo, 



r 



ttBP^AiiBPjsmti. 73 

Me npHBejia &% corAameHiK) h cAjijKijnfiuj ciAdjij (b% mTynrap'rib) 
CHOBa npHnuEOCB safiflTLCfl rfcicB se BonpocoM'B. Ho xenepb napreil- 
TarB cTpeMHicA He ctoju»bo k^ paspiineHiio Bonpoca no cyn^ecTBy, 

CKOJIBKO B'B npHMnpOHiK) Bf^MJSJVimHXb CTOpOH'B, K'L BOBCTaHOBJieHiK) 

BHyrpeHHiiro MHpa B'B napTin. HasHa^eea 6BiJia npHMEpBiejiBHafl 
KOMHclii H81 npeACTaBHiejielt o6ohx'b HanpaBJieHifi, BBipaCoTaBmaa 
KOMnpoMHCHyiD pesojODi^iD, EOTopjK) napxeflTarB npnfiflji'B 6e3^ npenin^ 
xoTfl oHa BecBMa pacxoAHJiacB cb nocTaHOBjremflMH npej^inecTBOBaB- 
maro napxefiTara^ OTHtasji to, ^to toa'b tomj naoaA^ npHSHaHO 
6qjio Heo6xoAHMuii'B H paspimaA to, ^o Tor^a 611IJ10 sanpe^eHO. 
B'B BTofi peBoini^H yqacTie coujiajiAeMOKpaTiH B'B BuCopaxi B'B npyc- 
csil jiaHATarB orpaHHqHBaeTca rfciiH oRpyraMH, bi> rotophx-b 8to 
6yjierB npHSHaHO aceaaTejiBHBiM'B ificTHBuiH coujiajiAeMOKpaTaMH; 06^ 
n^aa AHpesTHBa B'B btomb OTHomeHiH napTeflTara oTMiEjieTc^; — B'B 
Tose BpeMH oTMiHfletcfl sanpen^enie nafispaTejibHEirB cooameHiS cb 
6ypsya8HUHH napft'iJiifH. 

9th npoTHBop'biifl Bucmefi HHCxaHi^u napTifiHoil op^aHH3a^iH h 
oTcyTCTBie Kasolt-jiHSo cnjioqeHHofi opraHHsai^iB ]^a pyKOBO^cxBa hb- 
fiHpaxejiBSoft KaMnaHlefl, B'B coeAHHeHiH cb pas'B'ibAaiDii^efi nojieiiHBOfi 
H BBiBsaHHUMH BD pas/^opaMH B'B pE^axi^ napxJH, npHBeJIH El TOMy, 

ITO H CTOpOHHHBH y^aCTifl COipaJI'B-AeMORpaTill B'B npyCCRHX'B Bu6o* 

pax'B oxxa^H R'B A'^jry h «MaxHyj!H pyE0fi» Ha Hero... — Jl^ajiie TaM'B, 
TAiirbcTHaji coiuaji'B-AeifORpaTH^ecRafl opraHHsaqm npHHHHajia ynacTie 
B'B H86HpaTejiBH0fi 6opb6'b (BpecjiaBJiB, JIhhabfb, BpaHAeH6yprB, 8;tB- 
6ep$ej[bA'B, AjiBTona, ^paHK^yprB na MaflH*), a*«io bbjiocb xaRi He- 
P'bniHxeiSBHO h bhjio, hxo ycnlx'B 6hj'b ho BosMOseffB h bch HBfispa- 
xeiBHafl RaMnaHia coi^ajTB-AeMORpaxiH npn npyccKHXi BBi6opax'B 
1898 r. ORasajiacB coBepnieHHO despesyjiBxaTHOfl, RaR'B B'B nojiosu- 
xejBHOM'B, xasB H wh OTpHuaxejiBHOirB cMucjrb, He bbuichhb'b Aase 
Bonpoca mancax'B Ha ycn'bx'B npH aneprHTiHoS arHTanjlH h BOo6n](e 
peaxBHBixi ycjiOBlflxi HsCnpaxejEBHOfi 6opb6h aa& coujiaJEi-AeMO- 
RpaxiH npH HaJiHHHOfi H86HpaTej[bH0fi CHcxeM'b. 

9x0 no6yAHjio Be6ejrji nacxoflxeiiBHO noTpe6oBaTB -Ha napxefixarb 
1900 r., FB MallHi^'h, qxodH 6Bijia, HaROHennb, ycxanoBJieHa onpefli* 
jieHHaa AHpeRXHBa, nosBOJiHDniiiBifl CAiJiaxB p'bmHxejiBHBift onuxi» ji^sL 
BUflcHBHifl 8X0X0 Ba»Haro Bonpoca. KaMHOMi npexRHOBenls nonpes" 
HeHy cJiysHJio oxHomenie R'B CypxyasHun'B napxiHM'B, h Be6ejiB aoji- 
seffB 6BijrB CHOBa h cnoBa AORaBUBaxB a36yqHyH) ncxHEy, qxo H'bxi^ 
HHRaRoro rpixa B'B corjiameHiHX'B cb 6ypsya3HEiMH napxisMH, tto 
RounpoMHccH HeH36tacflu^ qxo aroro xpe6yioT'B Hacyiii;Hue HHTepecu 
co^iaJrB•AeHORpaxiH n tto xyxB Hixnb h cji^a^ «h3m1hh» hjih «npe- 
AaTe;iBcxBa». — «Hxo xaRoe romhpomhccb? — CorjiameHie cb apF^m'b 
BsaHMHO nojunepaHBaxB Apyx'B Apyra a-m toxo, hto6u AOcxHrnyxb lero 
HH6yAB xaRoro, <iero HejiBSH ao6htbch oah'^mh co6cTBeHHUMH cHjaMH. 
H Bora B'B npycciH nojioaeme TanoBO, hxo mh, ne pa^H npeRpac- 
HurB FJias'B nporpeccHBHOfi napxiH Hau 6ypacya3Hofi AeMORpaxm hah 



n 



94 P. h A k n K %. 

jrbBaro i],eHTpa^ oTAaeirb hitb HaniH rojioca^ a j(,ia. Toro nto6ii b1^ 
HameM'B coScTBeHHoiix napTifiHoifB HHTepecb ycnjHTb onnosHiqoHHyD 
?acTb npyccKaro JiaHi^rara h noHimaTB saBOHOAaxeACTBy, Koropoe 
6ojiBine Boero Kacaerca nach coMiuch, HaM^ BpeAHTB». 

Ho TABHUt OpaTOpi IipOTHBHOfi CTOpOHU, SHHTepl, UTeropH- 

qecKH saflBHii: «Ha nojiflTHqecKoe TopramecxBO si He uoHjsj. 0TRa8T» 
(XTB TOHKH sp'bHLi, ROTopafl CAliajia napiiK) BejHKOlt h Moryneft h 
BOTopafl doAotcHa 6uTb coxpaHeHa, — orsas'B otb tohilh spiHUi ;^o6h- 
Baxbcji nojiHTH^ecKHXib ycirbxoBi, onHpaacB TOjbso na cboh co6- 
cTBeHHUfl cHJiu, HO Moeify MH'bHiK), MHoro onacsie, nfbwb la nojibsa, 
KOTopyD MOS6TT1 HaMi jgi;aTB napa MaHAaTOBB»I 

Ojsfi^KOseh 6ojibniHHCTBO CL-bsAa cxajio Ha cTopony 6e66Jifl h npH- 

ESJLO 163 rOJOCaMH npOTHB'B 66 pe80JIH)]4lO Be6eJ[fl CB HibKOTOpUMH 

Majiocyn^ecTBeHHUMH nonpaBRaMH. PyROBOACTBO H36HpaTejibH0fl soima- 
Hiefi nopyqeHO 6£iJio meHTpajibHOMy ROMHrery, ROTopufi AOMsewb 6hurb 
opraHHSOBaTB nepBoe njiaHoifbpHoe BucxynjieHie coiparB-AOHORpaTH- 
qecROt napTiH na npyccRoft napjiaueHTCROfi apeni Ha 6iHsafiniHxi 
Bii6oparB vb JiaH^rarb, wb 1903 r. 

T^ifB BpeHeHeiTB b'b j[H6epajiBHolt napxin npoHsonuiH SHa^uixeiL- 
HUfl nepeirbHu. Ilocji'b cMepxn HMnepaxopa ^pn^ipHxa, Ha Roxopart 
HineiQue j!H6epajiu BOSJiarajDEH 6oxbmm Hai^es^u h BcxynjieHifl na 
npecxojTB repMancRoil HMnepiH h npyccRaro RopojieBcxBa Bnjcbrej&Ma II, 
OTh Roxoparo ohh ne osHAajiH nnqero xopomaro jvui JiHSepaiHSMa, 
iH6epaj[BHaa napxifl naqajia pasiaraxbcji h 6Hcxpo na^axb, RaR'B vb 
HAefiHOiTB oxHOUieHiH, xaR'B H B'B oxHomeniH nojiHXHqecRaro bjuhhui 
Ha dypacyasix). Kpucu cn'bmHiH noRHHyxB Ropa6jiB, He HMiBniii hh- 
KasASTb maHCOBi AoSpaxBCH AO npaBHxejiBcxBeHHoft raBaHH; 6ypsya8- 
HaH Macca oxJiaj^jia ri napxiH, ne AaK)n^efi eS hh Mopajibnaro, hh 
MaxepiajiBHaro yi^oBJiexBopeniH, ne HcnuxaBmeft 3a Bce BpeMjr CBoero 
cymecxBOBaHiH HH^ero, RpoM'fe neyAa^H h nopaacenifi; naflSoj^^e SHBue, 
AeMORpaxH^ecRie sjieMeHxu 6ypsya8iH Bce 6ojDrbe h 6oj['be npoHHRaiHCB 
cHMoaxiHMH R'B coHJajE'B-AeMORpaxiH. JlH6epaj[BHaH napxis o^yxHJiacB 
Ha pacnyxBH, uLuin nepe^i coGoio xojibro ;^Ba nyxH: oahhi bcji'b vb 
jiarepB HaqioHaji'B-jra6epajiH8Ma, APyi'ofi — R'B coH)8y 01 coipai'B-AeMO- 
Rpaxiefl. CBo6oAO]iucju[niafl napxiii ne Moria pimnxBCH hh na xo, hh 
Ha j^jToe H AOJm) xonxaiacB na oji^oifB H'bcxiy npoAOJUsafl 6e8Ha- 
xesHyD 6opB6y <Ha Asa $poHxa», norion^aBmyi) necitxHie (KfraxRH 
ea nojiBXH^ecRot anepriH h HpnBOAHBmyH) xojibro R'B yBeiH^emD 
wcia en BparoBB. Ho nocjii CMepxH CBoero cxaparo bosw^ Henpe- 
RjiOHHaro EBreniH PHXxepa, napxin RaR'B 6y^xo noxepjua noci^AHDi) 
Mopajanyx) onopy h npH nepBoicB yxofinoM'B cjy^a'b, Ro^a MeawT 
Rani^jiepoirB h napxielt i^enxpa, npHHaAJ^esaBmeil ao xix^ nopB r*b npa- 
BHxexBcxBeHHOMy fiojiBniHHCXBy, B08HHRJIH pa8HorjiaciH, cbo6oaoiih- 
cjifln^e nocn'ImHJiH 8aHHXB ocBofioAHBrnyjocH BaRanciK) B'B npaBHxeJiB- 

CXBeHHOlfB 60JIBmHHCXB'b H BOUUH B^b OpeCXOByXblfi «R0HCepBaXHBH0- 

JiHfiepaflBHufi 6j[or'b». 



wr^^-^ 



niPBAflBPBmB. 75 



Ko BpeneHH npyccRHrL BufiopoBi 1903 r., soiAa coipan-xei^o- 
spaTifl npeffiosHfla efi HsfiHpaTejBHoe coriameme f^a BsaHiCHOfi noA- 

AepSKH Wb 609h&k Gh UPJCCKHMI DHRepCTBOlTB, CB060A0]niCJIflmafl 

naprui yxe Cujia b-b TaRom cocTOjiHiH, tto tojuko HesnaviTejibHoe 
MeH&inHHCTBO napiiH, bo oaB'b cb TeoAopon'B BapioifB, oiHecjiocB 
CB noJiHuiTB coHyBCTBieiTB Ki coI^aJ['B-AeMOBpaTH^eclcoll7 npeAioiReHlK); 
(SojamHHCTBO se, bo rjiaBi cb EBremeirb PHxrepoirB, OTBepno bto 
npeAioseHie, roBopa, uo consib cb co^iaJrB-AeMOEpaTiefi cKopfte npn- 
BOABTB KB yMeHBmeHiK) qncjia cBo6oAOMucjiflnpirB MaHAaiOBi, ^%itb 
Ki HrB jBejiH^eHiiD, h, rjaBHoe, onacaflCB cBOMnpoMeTHpoBaiB ce&a 
BB rjasarB «napTifi nopjiAKa». — Bthitb cBofioAomicjLmafl naptU 
caiia saHjijia m^cto noaadu KJiepnEajiBHoS napTiH, soTopaa no^TH 
oAHOBpeMeHHO CB 8THMH co6BiTi£Mii, Bomjia B'B EoaiHipn^ CB 6aBap- 
cKOlt coipajTB-AeMOKpaiHiiecKofi naprielt cb v^hv> yHH^TOsenifl ycia* 
piBineft H36HpaTejBHoft cHCTeMu h sairbHBi m Bceo6iitH]rB h paBHmi'B 
B86HpaTejiBHB»rB npaBOiTB, ^to BCKopi H 6uio AOCTHrHyro. Go6- 
CTBeHHBiMH CHJiaMH coniarB-AOMOKpaTHHecKafl napTJfl bi 1903 r. He 
Morjia AofiHTBCfl npeACTaBHTOJiBCTBa B'B npyccBOiTB jEaHAiari, h 8Ta 
nepBaa KaMnaHia npomjia 668% peoyjcbTaTOVB. 

He CMorpfl Ha aio, CTapue hpothbhekh yqacTia coitfaJTB-AeMO* 
spaxiH VB npyccKHX'B aapjiaiieHTcaHXB Bu6oparB He bochpothbejihcb 
noBTopeHiJD aKcnepHMSHTa vh 1908 r., — h, 6jiaroAapfl 8T0My, npyccKaa 
coi^ai'B-AeMbBpaTH^ecKaH napiia Morja OAepsaTB aa axHrB bbiGo- 
parB MHorosHaHHTeJiBHyD nofiiAy, SHa^enie KOTopolt ne OTpHi^aerca 

H ynopffUlfflHHH H8l npOTHBHHSOB'B yqaCllfl COI^aJTB-AeHOKpaiiU B'B 

npycc&HrB napjianeHTCKHZ'B BBi6opax'B. npo6HTa 6peinB wh rjiaBHolt 
i^HTaAOJiH peaupoHHot FepiiaHiH, vh noMtbdHeH i],HTaAeJiH, ocxaBaB-' 
meltcfl AO CHZ'B nopi Bcei^Jio bo BJiacTH peasiuoHHurB chjtb; h xora 
npoHHua BHyrpB nosa tojibeo MajieHBKaa ropcToqsa AaMOKpaTaqe- 
csHXB aieMeHTOffB, HO ea AOCTaToqno jifi& Toro, ^to6u BUSBaxB 6po- 
senle h B'B caHOH'B jiaHATarb h, B'B oco6eHHOCTH; vb napoAHofi Maccb, 
npHBie^B BHHMaHie o6n^ecTBa B'B j^ieAHOCTH npyccsaro napiaMenra 
H cocpeAOTOHHTB CFO Ha Heo6xoAi]iocTH BopeHHoro npeo6pa80BaHiH 
apxaHHecsaro crpoa. 

P. EjiaHH>, 



76 S I H E 0. 



Bi noHCKaxT) aa eMtiejiOMT) hh3Hh. 



L'homme est le seul animal, qui ne 
sache pas vivre *). 

(Dr. Paul Dubois). 



nojHoe rAy6oKaro cMBicJia Hspe^eme, nocTasjieHHoe anRrpa^oiTB 
H B3flToe HSi) BBimeAinefi b'l dTOWb roA7 KHHrH opo^eccopa ^lofiya 
«L'Education de Soi-M6me»,— npHnoMHHaeTca mh^ nocToaHHO npH 
qTCHiH nepBaro cofipamji co^HHemfl OcKapa YafljiL^^a, BHnymeHHaro 
sjsibcb Methuen and C^. Jifi nocji^jsflsro speMeHH npoHSBeAeHui OcKapa 
ya&jQ>Aa, RpoHt «De Profandis*, «TiopeMHoil 6ajuaABi» h abjtl soMe- 
Aifit—cocTaBiifljiH 6H6j[iorpa$HqecRyi> piAKOCTB, 8a KOTopoH) nouoH- 
HHKH HecqacTHaro nHcaieM TmaieiLHO oxoTHJiHCb. Jificarh xbvb touj 
HaeaA'B, Kor^a Met upnxoAHJiocB coSHpaTb MaTepiaiu js^a OAHofi H8i 
nepBHXB cTaxefl wb PoccIh oCt) OcKapt YdAsbjsibi — Hiia ero CHHra- 
jiocb sanpeTHUM'B bt> AHrjiiH. He tojilko npHSHaBaiocB HenpHjLH^ieirii 
ynoMflHyrb ero, ho bt» BpHTaHCKOiTB nyaei CafijiiOTeKapH nepecnpaniH- 
BajiH, sa^'bH'B HMeHHO noHaAoSHJUHGB uwb co^HHeHifl onajiBHaro nHcaTeu. 
Tenepb BpeneHa HdMiHEjiHCb. M-rs Grundy ne c^HraerB 6ojAq Ha- 
;^o6HBurb cypoBO noTynnTb o^h npn HMeHH OcRapa yaftiBAa. Ero 
iiBecH cHOBa cxaBflTCfl ch 6osbmmi'h ycn'bxoMi wb Teaxpi; ho toibko 
TenepB aHTJiificKifl HSj^arejib ptniHJicfl co6paTB nepBoe noiHoe co6pa- 
me GO^HHemfi nHcareJifl, Aa h to ofb nomeJi'B na ROMnpoMHC(rB Cb 
M-rs Grundy. BunymeHo tojibko 1000 BKseMnjwpoB'B; sa ABtasywaxb 
TOMOBi* HasHaiena nina b-b bocbmb rnnefi, t. e. 80 py6jiefl. Tarairb 
ofipaaoM-B KHHra 6yAerB HMiiB tojibko orpaHH^eHeBift Epyn ^Hxa- 
Tejiefi. IIpaBAa, HSAanie BeiHKOJi'bnHO. Ha H3fliKHBirB nepeiueTarB 
HS'B 6'6j[aro nojiOTHa jifii cHMBOJiHqecEifl BHHBexKH: o^Ha H3o6pa2BaerB 
qafisy, 6BK)niyH)Gfl EpHjnbflMH o pimeTsy; Ha apf^^^^^^^ Bupsa- 
jacB Ha GBo6oAy h cTpeifHTejiBHO Hecexcfl b'b bbegb, ta^ cBepnaerB 

BO MpaRi Ol^HHORaH 3Bt3Aa. 

B'B HdAanie bohijih npoH8BeAeHi&, noABjuBmiHGH npeai^e toibko 
vb HBypoAOBaHHOiTB BEjsjby KaK'B, HanpHMip'B, HBeca «yera>. CoMMen 
Hane^aTana. b^b opnrEHajrb, t. e. no-^panmydGKH, 6e3i> Tftrb coKpa 
memfl, KaRiH iru bhahh'b bo BctrB nepeBOAarB, itHpKyjiHpyDniHrB 
Ha KOHTHHeHT*. «De Profundie» Toace saKJiroTOerB 6ojrte AecarKa 
cTpaHEn;B, ROTopuxi) wbTb BB HSAaniH 1905 r. (a GJtAOBaTeiBHo, h 
BO Bc4xT» nepeBOAaxTb). Me»Ay npo^HiTB TOKcrB HSAania 1908 r. na- 
OTHaeTGfl noKaaHHBnrB BonjieM-B. «M'hcTo moo — roBopnrB asTop-B— 



*) HejioBiKB eAHHCTBeHHoe shbotho6, He ju^Dmfie xhtb. 



W 



B'B nOHCKATB 8A 00101011% SHBHH. 77 

CjUfiTh uemjsj S^HJuevB Ae-PeTiioirB h HapKHsoirB Ae-CaAOiTB. D, 
6uTb MOseTL, TaKi u cjAnjerb. Y uqba h^^tl seianiA sKaJtoBancfl. 
Bi TDpBiri jnoAH Ha7qav)TCfl MHoroMj. Meai^Ay npo^HVB, ohh ysHaiorB, 
^0 Beme— TasoBH, BasoBii ohh bctb, h 6jjxjrh TasoBUMH. He comh^- 
BaDCB B TaKxe vh TOWbf ^To upoKaaseHHBifi iipa^Haro cpeAHeBtsoBbH '*') 

H aBTOpB JKdCTHHU '*'*) 6jJlJTb npHBHaHU Jiy^mHMH TOBapHHiailH, 

^ikwb asTopB «Sandford and Mertoii». B'B jd^tcTBHTejnnocTH anroprb 
<D6 Profiiiidis> He HanncajiB hh oxHOtt cxposH (bo bcasom'b cjiy^ait 
Tasofi crpoKH h^t-b vh nojraoirL cofipaniH co^HHeHilt), BOTopyD mosho 
6iuo 6u xoTH 611 oTHacTH c6j[H8htb cb narojiorH'TecKoS, ypojiJEHBOlt, 
KpoBaBoi H TomHOTBopnofi MepsocTBH), KaK'B < Justine ou les malheurs 
de la Tertn*. B'B ero npoitecct mu lasse He naxoxHirB HHRaxHxi) 
ysacoFB, KOTopne HonH 6u 6BiTb nocTaBveHu paAOHrb cb js^ksviAJiSi 
upa^iHaro h CTpamnaro Bnaj^^JiBiia TH^oscsaro saiiRa. TasHirB 66pa- 
dOiTB, Ocsapi yafiJEBx^ cjEHmKoui rp'boiHrB npoTHB'B hcthhu, Kor^a 
noirbniaeTB ceSfl Mea^ AByMH rHycHUHH h OTBpaTHTeiBHUMH THnaMH 
H 6eperB Ha ce6« jubjeb toshmjn BHny. ?to sacaeTCA cnei^ajiBHuxi 
npHBHamfi Ocsapa YallJiBAa n rplxarB, to MHt npHnoHHHauTCA 
xapaKxepHHJi irtcxa hb'b o6cTOHTejBHoS 6iorpa$iH IIoih BepiSHa, 
BunymeHHOt Vb nponuoirB roAy n^jvowb ^paniiiyBCKaro noaxa 3;i[mo- 
HOH'B JleneJieTBe. IIpo paBBpaTHOCTb h npo ^yAOBHo^mje noposH llojur 
BepjiBHa xo^hjih jiereHAU, npoHHKaBmifl Bine^aTB. IIoarB cairB jik)- 
6HrB roBopHTB cBOBrB npoTHBoecTBCTBeHHBirB nopoKaTB. H BOrB 
oEasuBaercii, hto IIojib BepjisFB BaHHHajicfl <]iH60TBopqecTBovB». 
«B'bffH£d[ IIojEB, — ^roBopHTL ero Apyn, — oxotho iioChji'b HcnoB'b;^ii- 

BaTBCH nySjIHHHO... CbOD HCnOBib;^ OH'B O^JIOB'B H B'B npOBy, *H B'B 

CTHXH. OffB iK)6HjrB TaBse paBCKaBBiBaTB, CHAH Vb Ba$e... PascRa- 
BUBaji'B ovB 0664 CB CHJIBHBIMH npeysejiHqeHuiiiH^ pacKpaniHBaH 
Bce. OffB o6bhhhji'b ce6fl, Easjicfl, ocysASkJTB^. BepjavB bbboj^hjtb Ha 
ce6H rpixH h noposH, soropuirB 6ujrB coBepmeHHO qyawB. IIoaTy 
RaBaJiocB, ?T0 OHi cxaHOBHTCH repoeiTB, ^HrypnpyH iBiaHOifB noposa. 
yqeHHKH BepiBHa, Boropux'B owb Bep6oBaj['B wb Ka6aKax'B, paBHecjin 
Bcn^y ynenie CBoero ywTeui; no o6BiKHOBeHiiD, mhou, nyn^eHHue B'B 
oSpaHieme noaroicB, BapinpoBaiHCB, yspamajiHCB HepBRHMH noiipo6Ho- 
CTHMH. ny6j[HKa sa;^o noAXBaniBajia bth jiereHAH, <y»acajracB» 
H... noBTopHJia HX'B. «npH8HaHie He Bcer^a octb AORaBarejibcTBO, — 
roBopHTB J[eflejreTbe.--Bepji8H%, npea^e Bcero, 6lij['b noBT'B. Bopb 
no^eiiy ovb npeyneJiH^HBajTB, BBiAyMUBajTB hjih yspamajTB* *). Ecjeh 
Aase nepBOuaccHBie noaiu, coBnaTexBHO, KaK'B BepjiBH^, hjih 6e8co- 
BHaTOJiBHO, RasTB Y^sbjsib BBBajiRBaDTB Ha cefifl ifepskie nopoRH, 
pour 80 grandir en se rabaissant, to rbirb 6ojiie 8to othochtch rtb 
FOiiyHKyjiycaM^^ Boropbixii TaR'b mhoto pasBejiocb y nacB jenepB. 

♦) Ae-Perui. 
•♦) fle-Cajirb. 

*^) .Edmond Lepelletier*, Paul Verlaine. Sa Vie. Son Oeuvre, Paris, 1907 
p. 1(V-W. 



78 X I H 1 0. 

SamHTHHKH MopaiH y naoi omiqaDTB cb npe7BeiH9eHHKir& nero- 
AOBaHieMi npocTO cRBepraie h des^apHiie cthxh vh poxb: 

„9i muKOfl paAOCTbK> ce65i yrtuiy, 
KyoMBii Taxyn-XTb manicy, xaicb y sacb, 
Ee Ha BtmajiKy, BSAOXHyBii, noetmy, 
H BcnoimHaTb Baci 6yjiy KaxcAUfl paai". 

BirbcTO Hero;iOBaHliB[ (oho spafiHe JbCTmrb TOujEKjMjCBXh, koto- 
pHB Hii^yrb se grandir en se rabaissant), lyqme 6uiq 6u saAaTb 
aBTopam «inanKH» totb se BonpocB, san Oeosa HnnojuTy vb 
ROMejpH OcxpoBCKaro: «Ax'b, AnnoiHTKa, AnnomKa, xopomiS tu 
napeHb, a sa^irB sto^tojebro tu Tas'B lOMaembca? K-b neify ne otl 
cBoero yMa cjioBa roBopHioB, sasHocTb axy na ce6ji HanycBaenib?> 

BoBBpamycB, OAHaso, k'b coCpami) coHHeeHift Ocsapa yafijcBAa. Mh 

HaXOAHlTB FB ffBiHaAQaTH TOMaTB He TOIBEO AOHOimeHHUH H HcapaB- 

jieHHBifl GoraacHO pysonHCjiirB npoHSBeAeniji, ho Tasse h Bon^H, no- 
HBiflDn^iiicfl B'B CB^TB wb nepBufi pasi. 

SaspiiVB nocjrbffHiS toitb, mbi ne hosom'b ho BocuHSHyrb: ^Kasaa 
ocjrtnHTejiBHafl pa^yra spacoK'Bl KasoS BejHRift Macxep^ asuRal 
OcRap'B YaHiBXi — Jiyqmifi aHTJitcRifi gthihcitb. Ero noBMu — MysBiRa. 
Oaho cjiobo BUBBiBaerB v/bjaui napTHau. B'b to ace Bpeiu y OcEapa 
yaSiBAa uiTb HnrA^ pe6ycoB'B, ^^ noHEManifl soTopurB AOJixeHB 
HBHTbcfl Ha noMOH^ ^HTaTeji) caMi noarB. H Bunsmy tojibeo o^ho 
cTHzoTBopeme, KOiopoe nepeBexy fii^AHolt nposolt. HasuBaeTCfl oho 
«Bne^aTjrbHie yrpa*. 

^The Thames nocturne of blue and gold 
Changed to a Harmony In grey: 
A barge with ochre-coloured hay 
Dropi from the whart: and chill and cold 

The yellow fog came creeping down 
The bridges, till the houses' walls 
Seemed changed to shadows and st. Paul's 
Loomed like a bubble o'er the town. 

Then suddenly arose the clang 
Of waking life; the streets were stirred 
With country waggons: and a bird 
Flew to the glistening roofs and sang. 

But one pale woman all alone, 
The daylight kissing her wan hair. 
Loitered beneath the gas lamps' flare. 
With lips of flame and heart of stone*'. 

(HoKTDpHi TeiiBii vb roayfioifB h Boioxt HSirbHHicfl vb rapMomi) 
VB cftpoiTB. Bapsa, narpyxeHHaa c^hoitb i^tia oxpu, oxBaiHia on 
npHCTaHH. ^ejiTufi TynaHB, xoioahbiS h 8Ho6flnpfi, nojiaen noA^ 
MOCTani. OiiH^ AOMOB*^ cHOBa npeBpan^aDTCfl sasi 6u Wh iHteH, h 



synajTb Gb. IlaBJia^ Rasi nysEipb, p'ben HaAi* ropoAOirb. Ho BorB 
BHesanHO noAHHMaeTCJi roMOEi npofiysRA^ioiReficfl saaHH. Ha yjHi^ 
sarpozOTaiH bosh, npHSEiBmie uvb x^peBEH. nTHii;a noAerbaa ki 
cBepKaDm^Mi KpumaM'B h saniaa. Ho oxHuoKaa ejiiAHaa seHopHa, 
BHi^Tinie BOJiocu ROTopofi i^yePB paacBibTB, 6poahtl noAi* nop- 
ifaDo^MH rasoBiiHH ^OHapflMH. ry6u ea ropfln, sasfB oroHB, a 
cepAi^e saTBepAiLio, sasx KaiieHi>>). 

Ocsapi yatiBA'B roBopnrB o ik>6bh, o&b HsamHurb ac^AeJUAn, 
apsovB coiHi^t, npespacHOfi 8jiiaA^; vb bthtb AB'bHaAi^TH to- 
Max'B ecTb ocTpoyMHue paacRasu, b^ rotopeitb ^aHiasiii nepeue- 
Taerca cb A'i^ftCTBHiejBHOCTbK) (Hanp., Lard Arthur SavUe's Crime); 
ecTB, HasoHem, noBHAHMOMy, spalHe 8a6aBHBie $apc£j, saK'B The 
importance of being Earnest Ho ^Wb 6ojibine mu iD6yeMCJi spKHUE 
H pasHoofipasHUMH BpacsaifH, rbwb BaMiTH*!^ cTaHOBBTCJi oAHa oco- 
6eHH0CTB TBopnecTBa Ocsapa YafiJOiAa: wA coheha Kpacu neaa* 
M^THo n HeHdMiHHO cjiHBaDTCfl Bi> oAHy iipa^HyH) H ne^asLHyiD. B'b 
Beceiom cirtrt nHcaTOJui BceiAa cjuimHTca BaxaeHHoe puA&Hie. Ho- 
BHAHMOMy, AAxe aEHSHepaAOCTHoe npoHdBeAeme OcRapa YBJUbfifik ocia- 
BjueTB I^eMflI^ee ipcTBO. H yxo npHBHsaerB OTjuqarb nocToaHHO 
BOIU& HeyAOBieTBopeHHoi AyinH, nepexoAflnUfi b'b OTqaaHie h bi or- 
Bpan^eHie ri^ xhbhh. H btotb boejb SByqHTB He tojibro bi De Pro* 
fundis^ HaoBcaHHofl Hec^acTHUicB saTopsHHSoirB, ho »b nepBBix'B xe 
npoHSBeABHiflxi, BumeAHiHrB nn-noKb nepa Bceo6maro xyMHpa h 
fiaiOBHfl cqacTBfl. B'B npoHSBOAeHiJirB, HanHcaHHBirB saAOJiro ao iipo* 
aecca, Ocsap'B YaSiBA^ BucRaaBiBaeT'B Teaser: «paAOCTB MHMoieTHa, 
crpaAaHie se vb^Ho*. Ki OAHOMy h xoMy se BUBOAy npHmJiH 
CB npoTHBOHOiosHBirB BOHifOBi ABa nHcaTejiji, npHHaAJiexaB- 
mie iTB paaHuiTB HapoAairB, pasHuirb KyiBiypaifB n aHaBmie b^ 
ZHBHH AaieKo He OAHHasoBoe OTHomeme btb ce6'fa ojfpysaDntHTB. 
OcKap'B yafijiBA'B B'B pflA'b npoH3BeAeHitt AOsaaBiBaerB, saK'B h Jleo- 
napAH, HenpieiueMocTB AMcTBHTejiBHofl 2rh8hh, noTOHy hto 

fAmaro e noia 
La vita . . . e fango 6 il mondo> 

(t. e. «aKu8HB-:-ropeqB h TOMienie, a Mip'B — iehib rpflaB») *). B'B 
nopaaHTeAHOH'B Aicuiorb MeacAy ^phaphxoitb h MyidflMH nocjrbAHifl 
noiiTB CBoero poAa fhmh'b «rjiyzolt A-bTOBH^HHU*: 

Sola nel mondo etema, a cui si volve 
Ogni creata cosa, 
In te, morte^ si posa 
Nostra ignuda natura **) 



*) T. e. Hama Baraa npHpoAa noKOHTca b-b rowh liipt, Koropuft TOJtbico 
OffjBWh vh'ieE'h H KjAa CTpeMHTCn Bce »HBoep T. e. bi» tbobmb o^apcTBi^, 

CMepTB**. 

**) Hsi CTHXOTBopeHUi JleonapAH A ae steaso. 



80 A I H B 0. 

BocnoHHHaHle o sh8hh— bto «CTpaiiiH£ift npHspas'Ly noxoadft Ha Kom- 
Hapi, nyraionufi MaaeHbKHZ'B j[rbTe&». 

— ?T0 ace Tasoe cicepTb, ecjm oHa He cTpaniHa?— cnpaniHBaerB 

^PHAPHZ'B. 

— Pluttosto piacere che altrol (t. e. «CKopie Bcero, Haciasxe- 

Hie») — OTBi^aWTB MyiriH. *) «^tflCTBHTeibHOCTB eCTb TOJIbRO ycrajEOCTb, 

npHiHHjieMafl shshbk) (la noia), — roBopHTB oTCTaHBasnqfl npaBO Ha 
caMoyOiftcTBO nop$Hpio bi «Dialogo di Plotino e di Porftrio> *♦). 
B&b paAocTH SH3HH npHspaKi*. «GMepTb— oTHDXb He 8JI0, xasi saKi 
OHa ocBo6osAaerB nacB otb Bcixi sojrb. H eciH bna jiHrnaen ^e- 
jiOBibRa Bcero xopomaro, to ona se oTHHMaers sejianiH. GTapocTb — 
ropmee sjio (La vecchiezza 6 male sommo), noTOMy tto 0THHMaer& 
y HeJOBisa Bcb HacjiasAeHiH, ocTaBJUfl toabso cTpacTHoe seianie 
EXL. Ona npHHOCHTB CB co6oK) 6e3j^fiy cxpiM^anitt. H, Tbwb ne iceHfte, 
iiDAH cTpamaTCH cMepTH h sejiaiorB;i(oaHTbxorj[y6oKO& cTapocTH> ***). 
3to iiHcaji'B reHiajLHufi neyAa^HHSi, kbjAk^, saapAABmiil judCbh, open, 

BCK) SH8HL pBaBimfiCH H81 VbCEOlt, FpJldHOlt fUi^Tfai, KaSOBOfi OtUTB 

Aifl JleonapAH ero poAHOfi IIpoBHH^iaJl&H£I& ropoAOR'b. jUjjiH npoBHH- 
ipajoBi JleonapAH 6urb toje&ro &b^salt abophh^hsi, ho mADmXt 
HH jifiuerby HH npoijI^ecclH. Ho botb k% TasHH'B ae BUBOAairB, Kani 
aBTopi «AiajioroBi»», npuxoAHi-B 6ajiOBeHB cyAB6u, syHHpi o6ii^ecTBa, 
6oseB^ seHi^HFB, cpasy Ao6HBiniScfl ciaBu h doraxcTBa. «fl npespa- 

THJ'B HCRyCCTBO FB ^HJOCO^IK) H $HJIOCO$iK) Vb HCKyCCTBO, — FOBOpHTB 

OcKap'B yafiJiBA'B o ce6'b. — H HSMiHHjrB yHU h BsruAH Jnoxeft na 
OB'bTa. Bee to, ^to h roBopnjrB hih a'^^^'b, sacxaBjiHio jnoxefi 
H3yMjiiiTBCH... H 6paj[CH sa Apany, hob^^ctb, noBMy vb nposi, noaiiy 
vh CTHxarb, sa ^aHTacTHqecKifi AiaJiorB. H Bce to, sa ^to b fipajiCH, 
buxoamo y MeHfl npeKpaqpo. Si otrpuju'b hobbiS bha'b RpacoTii» (De 
Profundis). B'b 8thx% cjiOBax'B wbrh caMOXBaiBCXBa. OcRapi 7aSj[BAB 
ROHCxaTHpyeTB TOJIBRO <|)aRrB. Ho H TorAa, RorAa RaaKAan crpo^Ra, 
BBimeAmaH Hsi^-noA'B nepa YafijiBAa, BusuBajia BOcxHn^eHie; sorAa 
senmuHU mojihjihcb na nero, h My2R«iHHU pa6cRH RonnpoBajiH Ras- 

AyK) 8RCI^eHTpHqH0CTB ero,— HeAOBOJIBCTBO »H3HBI0 ABAHeTCH*^ OCHOB- 

Euwh TOHOM'B ero TBop^iecTBa. BoTi, Hanp., cSopHHR'B noaiTB, bbi- 
moAinitt vb 1881 r., t. e. 8a 14 jrbrB Ao RaTacTpo^u vh aKHSHH 
OcRapa yafijQLBAa. Mu naxoAHicB bi c6opHHRi CTHXOTBopeflie Tae- 
dium VitaCy nojs^b ROTopuiTB cm^jio mofb 6b[ noAUHcaTBCH JleonapAH. 
B'B 6ojiBnio& noaifb Humanitad OcRapi* yafiABAi roBopHrB o Foji- 
roei, Ha ROTopofi Bce ^ejiosib^ecTBO HepenocHrB RpecTHUH My^ieHiH. 

„Being ourselves the sowers and the seeds, 
The night that covers and the lights that fade, 
The spear that pierces and the side that bleeds. 
The lips betraying and the life betrayed; 



♦) Opere di Giacomo Leopard!. Pieranze 1846. Vol. I, p. 281. 
♦♦) Opere etc., vol. II. p. 65. 
♦*•) Peasieri. Opere etc., vol- U, p. 121. 



Vh nOH0lLUt% 8A CMUOJIOM^ aRHBHX. 81 

The deep hath calm: the moon hath rest: but we 

Lords of the natural world are yet our own dread enemy". 

(«Mh caMH— c&flTejH h ciMOHa; HO^b, noKpuBann^aa Bce, n 6jAM' 
B^omjA cBiTB; Ronse, npoHHSUBaion^ee rkio, h to t&jio, soTopoe Hcre- 
Raerb kpobbd otb panu; uu-*Tft ry6u, soTopufl npoAanrB, h Ta 
SH8HB, KOTopyD np6AaH)rB. OujTh HMierB cnoKoMcTBie, M'tciiDr^ — 
ormrb; ho uu, itapn BHAHMaro Mlpa, mbi caMH coCcTBOHHue CTpam- 
Hue BparH>). £*& o^hoitb hsi HaH6ojrbe cHjibHHX'B CTHzoTBopemfl vb 
npos'b yafiiB;^a, rocnoAB npoHHTasi Vb sHnrb SHBora rpixH ctoh- 
n^aro nepoAib hhitb HOJiOB'bKa, roBopnrB: 

— H nonijiK) Te6ji wh aji. Bi dkXb nonuio h toSh. 

H HdJIOB'bK'B BOCUHRHJjrB: «TbI He ]l02R6mB»! 

H TocnoxB CKasajTb ^eiOB^Ej: «OTqero & ho Mory nooJiaTb xefifl 
vh 9^T/i no sasoft npH^u[H'b?» 

— noTOMy HTO erb a9j/ a«?u^^ h ece epeMH, — otb4thji'b ^eiOBtei *). 



Bi 8ToS cTaxb'b ji ne xoqj BiiiicHflT& jiHTepaTypnofi ^hsiohomlh 
OcB&pa 7afijibAa|[B'B i^jioifB. Mnb xor&jocb 6u tojibko OTH'bTHTb HCKa- 
HUE ero CMucjia shbhh. HcsaHifl bth mu HafiA^ui b'b i](iioirB pji^t 

eOHeTl, KOMOAifl, pOMaHOB'B, AiaiOrOBl, CKaSOK'b. 

Gyn^ecTByeTi rpoMaAHafl iHTepaTypa, ho npieMjiK)ii](afl HacToamaro. 
OHa HoierB HAeaibHyD »H8Hb hjih b'b ^y^yn^eirB, hjih b'b npcmuoifB. 
Bb Ahtjoh HeAaBHo tojibro yMepjia nncaTejiBHHita, bcd cbok) shshb 
AOKasEiBaBmafl^ too ^ficTBHTOiiBHOCTB jiHineHa cMucja, nonijia h y6H- 
BaoTB BCflsyK) HHAHBHAjaJibHOCTB. H TOBopK) JIyHirbAe-Jia-PaM8, nncaB- 
mefi noA'B nceBAOHHHOM'B «yHAa». IIpeAiHaMii aKcuteHipHiiHaH $Hrypa 
<yh «graDd graiii», ecjiH ke dedyiilfl, to dojibmoro nyAaqecTBa. Okojio 
TpHwaTH Avb ynxa nposHjia 8a npe^'bAaMH AerjiiH, raasHUM'B 06- 
paeovB vb HrajiiH. Taici RaR'B nHcajra YH^a oqeHB mhofo (ocTasHAa 
OHa OROAO 40 POMaHOB'B, H'bcROJOiRO TeaTpajiBHurB nBecB h xpn RHHrn 
RpHTHiecRHTB o^epROBi), a npoH3Bei(eHifl ea noRynajiHCB napacxBarB, 
TO OHa noxy^ajia 6oiBmia AeHBrn. Ho cpe^cxBa bth ipaiRjiHCB Ha 
dRCiteHTpHWBie npeAMOTBi, RaRi, Hanpnuip'B, na coopysenie bojuhko- 
linHBixB MaBBOieevB hb'b Mpaicopa na MorHjaxi MHoroqHCJieHHiix'B 
1D6HMBITB co62LK'b. H B'B peeyjiBTaxi TO, TOO nocJitjo^Hie ro^u shshh 
YHffi npomiH B'B Rpaflnefi 6'bAHOCTH. Kor^a eee^HCjeHHue hokjioh- 



*) KcraTH pro domo sua. IlepBUft nepenoA'B sToro CTHZOTBopenifl vh npost 
H Apyraz'B nosifB hojibbjicji B'b ^PyccKOM'B BoraTCTB']^'' 3a 1898 r. TaR-b RaK-b 
i^eHsypHiu ycJiOBlfl 6ujlk Tor^a ysacHbi, h y mohh 6ujio ocHOBaHie npe^no* 
jiaraTB, ^to CTHZOTBopenie, b'b soTopoMi ;('bftcTByi)iitHM'b JiHuoifb ABjiiieTCA 
FocnoAb He npoftAorb, to ubI^ npHmAOCb nocTaBHTb BMicTo rocnoAb— Aji- 
jLBX'b. Bi TaKOMi» Bttjsf^ uodU9L ^HTypHpyerb h B'b MOHX'b .O^epRaJCb coBpe- 
iceHHOfl AarJiiH^, BumeAmHX'b Tose ao »BecHu<'. 

iKMb. OTAtAI^ IL 6 



82 A t H B 0. 

HHSH pOMOHHCTKH ySHaiH CJIJiaAHO, ^TO SHBerb OHa B'B 6'bAHofi 

Toc^HCKofi AopeByniK'b B'B KpecTbflHCROfi H86i, coSpaHa 6iua HeiieA- 
JHOHHO 6ojEbinafl cyHHa. BpnTancKoe npaBHTejEbcxBO B'B cboe) o^epe^B 
flBHJiocB HeHeAJieHHO sa noiion^B n HasHaqnio Yeji,^ nosHSHeHHyK) 
nenciio. Ho poManncTRa He npHHfljia hh co6paHHod cyMMu, hu neHciH. 
YHAa cxpa^aJKa HHsaHTponiefi^— ne TeaTpajiBHofi, saKii noEofiflufi 
yncTJiep'B. ToTB «npe8Hpaj'B» kphthkob'b h npHBJieKajii h^b k'b cyji^y, 
ecjiH OHH OTSUBajiHCB HeoAo6pHTej[BHo o6x ero KapxHHarB *); owb 
«HeHaBHA'bJi'B» raseTU n rHajEOfl sa penopTopaMH, hto6u juaxB hh'b 
interview; CMiflJicfl na;^ narpaAaicH h epaji'B op^eHa, ecjiH htb eiiy 
AftBajiH. y Ae-Jia-PaHd dujia 6oj[i8EeHHafl HeHasHCTB so BCjiEofi nony- 
JLflpHOCTH.PoMaHHGTKaHenpsiHfljia HHOAHoro <HHTepBBK)8pa»^y5'braj[a otb 
BC'bx'B noEJOHHHKOB'B. «H He npHHHHHia HHKOMy sjia H He 8aciysHJia 
Tasoro HaRasamH, saKi* 6iorpa$iJi», — OTfi'bxHjia saKi-To yH^a, sor^a 
H8AaTeju> o6paTHJicH si nefi 8a HaxepiajiaiiH p^ SHSHeoHHcaHiji. 
yMepjia yHj^a B'B p£i6a^Befi HTajiBjiHCKOfl A^peBymR'b Maccaposa, 
T]sjb saHHMajia oahh'b qyjiaH'iHE'B B'B 6ijs,Ro1l H86i. He cMorpa na 
CBOD $paHi^y8CRyK) $aMHj[iH), Ae-Jia-PaMd - aHrjiH^iaHRa no oxny, 
npe^oR'B ROToparo abhjich B'B AHPjriK) en^e B'B soltcRax'B BHJiBrejiBiia 
SaBoeBaxejiH. npoH8BeAeHifl a^ Jia-PaM8 MHoro^HCJieHHU h nepeBexenu 
Ha MHorie fl8URn, MesAJ npo^HifB h na pyccRifi. Bo bchroitb cjy- 
Hai y nacB hsb'^cthu ponaHBi <AepeBeHCRafl o6niHHa», <Mojb>, 
«MaccapeHLi» h, RaseTca, ^^epeBHHHue 6aniMa^Rn» (Two Little 
Wooden Shoes). Bb 1877 r. yH;^a ocxaBHia AHm© h cb rtx-B itopB 
SHia b% MTajiiHy B'B ROMoaHiH CBOHrB BejiHqaltniHX'B AfiJ^e&f mhofo- 
^HCJieHHux'B co6aR'B, ROTopBiirB ycTpaHBajBta BOJiHEOJi'bnHBifl noxopoHu. 
AajtoRO He Bcb poHann Ynjifi pasHOi^'lHHu. Mu HMteM'B cpe^H hh^b 
TaRlH TporaxejiBHUH noamu B'B npoB'b, RaR'B «^epeBJiHHHe 6aniHaqRH», 
h TaRifl AOBOXBHo aji[flnoBaTBifl seniH, RaR'B «Mojib», «Street Dast» 
HJLH <MaccapeHU». Ho no^H Bcb npoHSBeAeHi^i ynABi npoHHRHyru 

O^HHITB H lilTB Se flyXOM'B: 8T0 — CMOniHOft npoTecPB npOTHB'B ByjIB- 

rapHOCTH coBpeMeHHofi shbhh, npOTHB'B Bcero Toro, ^o y naci onpe- 
A^JieHo HeyAa^HUM'B^ HH^ero ho Hnpasannj^HifB xepiiHHOM'B, saHMcxBo- 
BaHHUiTB H81 nacnopxHUX'B 6jiaHR0B'B,— cM-bn^aHCXBo*. B'B AnriiH 

jrbTB COpORl TOMy Ha88^ MhJUB npeAXOSHJTB CBOfi XepMHHl «ROJI- 



*) PecKHRii no noBo;^y ojijiofL KaprHHu THCTJiepa CKasaJi'B, hto HysHO 
coBepmeBHO npesHpaTB ny^JtHKy, hto6bi, bujiebb Ha noJioTHo ropmoKB rojiy* 
6ofl KpacKH H jiEnHyBi> HtcKOJibRo nATeHi» seJiTofii—HasaaTB dxc ^chm^^o- 
Hieft* H noTpe6oBaTB 600 PHHefi. YHCTJiepB o6iijafbJiCH h npRBJiOKB RpHTHRa 
KB cy;^y, yxBepacflaa, ^to PecRHHT> CBOHM'b oxauBOMB npHHHHHJiB MaxepiaAB- 
Hue jCuTKJi xyAOSHHKy. npnc^acHLie BUHecjiH PecRHHy o6BHHHxeJ0[BHUft 
npHroBopB, HO onpe^'bAHJiH yCuTKH bb o;^hhb 4»apxHHri>, t. e. bb KoneftKy. 
THCTJiep-b noJiyHHAB axoxi ^apxHHrB h hochjib ero jifi CMepTH na irBnoiKib 

BB BHJI^t 6peJI0Ka CB TaKOK) 3Re rOpAOCXBK), CB KaKOft RpacHOKoaKift hochxb 

Ha noHcfe cRajibnB, co;^paHHUfi cb spara. A uexflj T^wh bb pflA'^ aeicixifl 
yncxjiepB yTsepaj^ajiB, tto xy^OKHHRB He ;^0JiHeHT> o6pamaTL BBHMaHifl na 

0X3UBi)I KpHTHKOBB. 



B'B nOHCKAXlb 81 GM£lCJK>irb 8H8HH. 88 

leKTHBHOfl nocpeACTBeHHOCTB» (conglomerated mediocrity). ynxaBirbcTO 
TepHHHa «]rin^aHHH%» roBopHTB <cad» h He naxojiHrB xocraTO^Ho 
flAOBHTurB ciOJFb AJfji onpeA^JieHiA ere. «rjiaBHiifl npo^yKTB coBpe- 
MeHHoS xasEE— cad, — rOBopm YnAa B'B CBoeS RHHrb, BumoAmeS 
B% 1900 r. *) MosHO ciiijo CKasaTb, qto SixHiAmifi pa6ib djuiax^, 
nocjrbAHitt ^ejuaxi vb Eraurb, caMufi CMHpeHHidt uapifl wh 

AsiH — AEOHTeJIBlfBHl B'B CpaBHeHiH Cb KBAOM'B. «Cad» — BUTflaSEa 

H3i coBpeMeHHofl KjsbTjfhi, ixfi/brb eii... HHBOiAa en^e He 6ujio 
HHHero 6ojrbe rHycHaro, MepsBaro h nomjiaro, qiM'B «cad» hhah- 
BHAjaJBHufi HAH KOjrJteKTHBHufi. HioTB, TJiaxiaTop^ HaeiCHull 76iSi^a 
CpeXHHZ'B Bi^KOFB, Aase CBOAHH BpeHeHi EjiHsaBeTu, 6wiM o6- 
paBAaMH CiaropoACTBa h HHTeJuieKTyaJBHofi Kpacon^ b^ cpaB- 
HenlH CB <cad» E^^^, no onpej^jieHiiD YHAa, 8to coBpeiieHHufi 
SaHUpB, raseT^HiPB, cBHn^eBHHK'B, apxHTesTop'By noisoBOxeifB, 
aAMHHHCTpaTop^. KaRaH rpoMaAHafl sojuieKiuH «cad8» BCHsaro 
poiia BUBe^eHa B'B «MaccapeHaxi>I ^Kadu^ cx^JiaiH coBpeMeHHyn 

SH8HB HeBUHOCHMOA AJIA ^eJIOBtsa CB XyAOBCeCTBeHBHI^ BKyCOlTB, — 

AOKasuBaerB yn^a B'B oiepst «The Ugliness of Modem Life». IIpH- 

XOAHTCfl 6'b3BaTB Ky^a HHfiy^B OTh 81*08 BOJIHBI nOmiOCTH, 8JI0CTH H 

rjiynocTH. HirbS coBpeHeHHoe qejiOBiqecTBo xotb Easoe HHCy^B npeA- 
OTaBJieHie o Kpacort,—npo;roJuisaeT% Yn^a b-b jpyroM^ irtcA, — to 
pa3B% OHO AonycTHjio 6u TaRiH 6e3o6pa8iH, RaicB naMHTHHR^ H8o6pa- 
acaDn^ifi KapHO B'B cDpTysi, cb pacTonupeHHUMH HoraMH, vh ofiiaii- 
HTB RaRofi-TO 6a6u, npeACTaBJiHK)niefl 6yAT0 6bi ^paHiux). Hjih naifflT- 
HHR'B, Ha ROTopoMi BHRTop'B-dtfMaHyHjTBnpeAGTaBjieHi FB TpeytoiR^, 
CB 6p]DxoirB B'B BH^i HaAyTafo nydupal J^onycTHJio jih 6bi qejiOBi^ecTBo, 
HHibDn^ee BRycB, 6poH80Boe H8o6paseHie Kjioau Bepnapa, coCHpan- 
ii](aroGH nuTaTB sHByn co6aRy?» Oahhitb ne'B nyHRTOB'B o6BHHHTej[B- 
Haro aRTa, cocTaBjieHHaro YH^a npoTHsi coBpeHOHHaro ^ejiOBib^ecTBa, 

HBJHerca BHSHCeRI^H. «MoSHOJ!H rOBOpHTB RpaCOrb Vh COBpeMOH- 

HOMi o6mecTB*, — npoAOJiaaerB Yn^a, — r^i senmiHHH yRpamaKTca 
nepBHMH cneipajiBHO y6HTB[xi nTHi]r^?> IIpHpoAy Rajrb^aTB h ypo^y- 
H)rB B'B yro^y «cads». P'^rh orpaBjieHU $a6pHRaifH, nojui ocRBep- 
HeHu ^ejiOB'l^qecRHJiH 8RCRpeMeHTaHH H pasAH^uoniH cyjib^aTaMH h 
$oc$aTaMH. Ha ropu B'B niBelti^apiH Bcn^y nojisyrB OTBpaiHrejiBHue 
^yHHRyi8p£i. FopoAa HanoMHHanTB ctotobih RanaBBt cbohitb 6e8o6pa- 
sieiTB. «BnojiH4 ecxecTBeHHo, — ^npoAOJiaaerB Yn^a, — iifc napo^'B, 
saneprufl vh xaRifl Rj'bTRH, otb or^afiHiH Bna^aerB B'B necRaayeKue 
nopoRH, Hi^erB B'B RafiaRH, B'B HropHue h HenoTpe6Hiie AOMa». KaR^B 
PecRHHi HXH Bhjibhm'b MoppHCB^ YH^a npoTHBonocTaBJiflerB nonuocTH 
coBpeaieHHoB shshh RpacoTy h irhbohhchoctb cpeAHHXii b^robi. Tor^a 

filUTB TaRSe CmiCJTB B'B SHSHH, TaR'B RaR'B, nO MH^HilD YHA&t> HH^HBH- 

xyanHocTB He 6iuia 8a6HTa. XyAoacecTBeHHBdt BRycB nociiAHflro 

CanoaRHHRa RyjIBTHBHpOBaJICH 06pa3WRaHH A^fiCTBHTeiBHOlt RpacoTU, 



•) Critical Stndiea. A Set of Essays by Ouida. p. 287. 



84 A I a E 0. 

pascunaHflUMH bcjdw nepej^i) oasaMH otfuBarejifl 6um H8flmHU2 
nocxpofiKH, EpacHBue 6ajiK0Hu, SHBonHCHoe luraTBe. «Mosho jol cpa- 
BHHTB coBpeMeHHyi) descifKCJieHHyE) nomjiocTB ci Tofl nojiHofi, KpacHBofi 
SH3HBH), soTopafl pHcyexcA Han's bi Keuimp6epiileKua^ pa3eKaaax^ 
Hocepa?»— naxeTH^ecKH B0CKJiHi?aerB yHW.*).06jiHqHTejiBHHiia coBpe- 

MeHHOfi nomjIOGTH H ypOXJTHBOCTH BHAHrL TOJBRO 0;i(Hy CTOpOHJ Bli 

TOfi cpeAHeB^KOBoS acHBHH, KOTopyiD OHa npoxHBonocTaBJflerb irb- 
ni;aHCTBy, h se xo^erB snaTB, ?to cpe^Hle B^Ra ASUKeso He xasB spa- 
CHBU, Raft's OHH pHcyiDXCH Hpej^cxaBJieHiK) YflAU, PecRHHa h aPTThxb 
o6jrH?Exejiefi coBpeMenHaro «Miii^aHcxBa». IlycxB fipoHBOBBitt Bhrtop'b- 
dMMaHyKA'B CB 6pH)X0M'B B'B BH^^ HaAyxaio cBHHoro nyBupji J^ficXBH- 
xeJiBHo ypo^JiHB'B; nycxB ^yHHRyjap'B nopxHxi bha'b mBefiE^apcEHX'B 
ropi; nycxB eoBpeMeHHBifl SAaniH He xaR^b HSflnnHu, RaR'B Palazzo 
Vecchio bo ^.lopeni^H hjih BecxMffHcxepcRoe a66axcxBo; ho y namero 
coBpeMBHEHRa TopasAo 6ojiBine bosmohhocxh h Aocxyna ofijur^axB 
«HiniaHCXB0» XX B^Ra, qiifB y BHJUdHa XIII hjih XIY b. b. Cbuio 
BpoHeHH H oxoxBi jnofioBaxBCfl Rpacoxofi cBoero rocnoAHHa, oxi aa- 
npHsa ROToparo saBEcibjia ^ecxB h shshb Rp'ibnocxHoro. 

YHAa oxoTHte Bcero onncuBajia HajieHBRie HxajiBaHCRie ropo^a, 

XaRl RaR'B B'B EHXl OOJIBHie BCeXO COXpaHHJHCB CXb^ Cpe^^HX'B B'bROB'B. 

HacejEOHie bxhx^ ropoAROB'B, no MnbHiio Yujifii, RaR'B 6y;q'o 6u xojubro 
?xo BHCxynHio hsi RapxEHi $pa-BapxojiOHeo hjih FHpjiaHAaflo. Moacno 
cRasaxB xaRse, ?xo Hacejienle, HecHOxpa na cbod pejinrioaHocxB, 
BipnrB eme, RaRii coBpeMeHHHRH EnprnjiiH, h B'B cbohtb irbcHHXi» 
Mimaexi xpHcxiaHCRiHH H3uqecRiH 6osecxBa. B'B MajieHBRHXi^ HxaiBHH- 
CRHX'B ropOARaxi» AOMa h caAU hbjiheoxch HJiJiBDCxpai^jniH r'b npo- 
H3Befl;eHiaM'B BoRRaqio h nexpapRH **). 

OcRapi» yaftjiB;i:'B ne h^ox'b aa HjDi;eajiaHH hh B'B 6yxyn](ee, sas'L 
Bhjtbhm'b MoppHCB, hh B'B npoHiJioe^ RaR'B yn^a. J(jui Hero bch a^B- 

CTBHXeJLBHaH SHSHB He HpieiUeHa. J^McXBHXeJIBHOCXB, HO MH'JbHiH) 

YaftjiBAa, CRy^na, ctpa, He HHxepecna. H'bxnb cuBicjia B'B xoitb, mo6hL 
SHXB w^ Hay^eHlH jbhbhh, RaR'B ona ecxB. GynnecxBOBaHie Hpiofipt- 
xaexii CMUGJTB, Ror^a oho CRpameHO xyii;osecxBeHHBnrB xBop^ecxBOM-B. 
H vbwb xyAOsecxBOHHoe npoHSBe^eHie MOHBine HanoMHHaexi ffifi- 
cxBHxejiBHyK) SH8HB, xtM'B oHOJiyiHie. PeajiHBM'B, X. e. cxpeMJieHie rohh- 
poBaxB SHByro shshb, norySnjrB ncRyccxBO. He xyAOSHHR'B aojisohi rohb- 
pOBaiB s^HB, a Hao6opoxi: shshb ;^ojisHa BOcnpoHSBO^nxB ^an- 
xasiK) xyjDi;osHHRa. «HcRyccxBO,— roBopnxi OcRap'B yafijiBA'B,— na- 
xoahxi» GBoe co6cxB6HHoe coBepmeHcxBO B'B 006*6 cauoirB, a ne wh 
ORpysaK)n(eH'B Mipi. Kt> HCRyccxBy hojibsh flpHcxynnxB cb MtpRofi, 
na cROJiBRo OHO uoxose na AiflcxBHxejiBHocxB. Oho CRopi^e noRpuBaio, 
q'iM'B sepRajio. B'B pacnopHseniH HCRyccxBa x^b^xh, ho pacxyoiie hh 

B'B OAHOMIb Jl'bcy, nXHI^I, HHXA^b He BOAHHtiHCa. HCRyCCTBO XBOpHTB H 



*) Cm. poicaH'B Vea^l Signa. 
**) The Ugliness of Modern Life, p. 28B, 



Vh nOHCRArB 3A GMHCJIOM'L SH8HH. 85 

paspymaerB Mipu. Cnb noMon^biD ajrofi hhth oho MoacerL apHTflEjTb cb 
He6a irtcfl^B... Bi rjraaarB HCKyccTBa npapo^a ne HuierB hh o^ho- 
o6pa8ifl, HH saROHOB'B. HcEyccTBo no CBoefi wjA TBoperB HjAeca; h 
Ror^a OHO BusuBaerB hjaobhiu'b hsx rjydHHu, rb nocjymEO HBusivyrcs 

Ha SOB'B... Tjs/k HGRyCCTBO npOXOAHTB, HS'B RycTapHHRa BUrJTA^^KIBaiOrb 

Apiaw, a cHyrjEue $aBHu yjiEi6$K>TCH HS'B-sa AepeBBeBi** *). «He- 
HHTepecHan, saiRan ^eJOB'bHecRaH aKH8HB» npioCp'itTae'rB toibro 
Tor^a CMBicjTB, Rorxa HBiraeTCH no;Q>asaTB HCRyccTBy. «HCh8HB hoa- 
paacaerB HCRycoTBy ropasAO 6oj[Bnie, ^wb HCRyccTBO hh3hh>. Poc- 
ceTH BUAyMaji'B thitk sencRofi Rpacoru, ^^nrypHpyionUft na BcbrB 
RapTHHarB ero, t. e. seHn^EHy cb AJiHHHofi Hsor&yroft meefi, ry6aMii 
B^ BHAk aiaro i^txRa, RsaApaTHOfi HHacneft qejiiocTbK) h BOJisaMH 
irtAHUx'B RyApeS. H stotb BBiAyAcannHfi THirB» BiacTHO BToprcH no- 

TOITB Wh HCRyCCTBO **). «BeJlHR]S XyAOSHHR^, — FOBOpHTB OCRapB 

YdAj&s^y — ^BUAyuBiBaeTB thh'b, a shshb noxoHii RonnpyerB ero h 
BOcnpoHBBOAHTB Bx o6ni;eAOCTynHofi ^opni. ^hshb vb AaEHOirb cjiy^ai 
nocTynaerB, RaR^b npeAnpiHMqHBBiS HSAatejiB, BHnycRanniitt bb Aeme- 
BOM'B HSAaHiH BOJiHRoe HpoHSBeAeHie. Hh TojibOeBHi, hh BaHAeSR'B 
He BamiH wh AniJiiH Tt thuh, ROTopbie n^siJiz ebm%. XyAOisHHRs npn- 
BeBjm (TB C060E) Bi rojioBl cboh thhu, a shshb cHa6AHjia rojib6efiHa 
H BaHAefiRa noAXOAsn^HMH moaojuimh*. FpeRH otjih^iho snajiH, ^to 
2RH8HB noApaaacTB ncRycciBy, botb no^oMy ohh BcerAa 6hjih npo- 
THBi peajiHSHa. Ohh> no yBipeniK) YafijtBAa, nenaBHAiJiH peaJiHsiTB, 
noTOMy ^0 OH'B ononrjEHex'B shbhb, h 6ujih coBepmenHO npaBU. «Mbi 
nuraeMCfl yjiy^niHTB pacy npH noHon^ft xopomaro BosAyxa, o6HiB- 
Haro coJiHe?Haro cB^Ta, SAopoBoS boah h RasapMeHHHX'B SHJiHniB. 

Ho BOi 8TH Mipu C03AaK)rB TOJIBRO SAOpOBBO, a HO RpacoTy. J^s. 

nocjAAHHro Heo6xoAHXO ncRyccTBO. Hcthhhumh yqeHHRaMH BOJUHRaro 
xyAOSHHRa jiBjHH)TCfl He ero noApasarejiH, paSoTann^ie y Hero bt. 
MacTepcRoS, ho rb, Roiopue ynoAo6jiiHK)TCH ero npoH3BeAeHiflM'B». 
Bo BpoMena Apesnefl djiJiaABi BaHTOJiH npnAyMUBajiH HAeajiu Rpa- 
coTEi, ROTopuiTB rpQRH H ipeqaHRH cTapajHCB jiHmB noApaacaxB. 
Xhbhb, oahhbtb cjiOBOiTB, jnyqniift h eAHHCTBenHHfl y^eHHR-B xyAoac- 
HHRa. clUoneHrayap'B anaJTHdHpoBai'B neccHMH3H'B, xapaRTepnsynn^ifi 



*) IntentionB and the Sonl of Man, p. 81. 

*•) Kb caoBy cicasaTB, aro saflBJcenie cji*;^yerB npHHiiTB ct> H%KOTopoft 
oroBopRoft. OrpaHHiiift rmrb seHCRoft KpacoTiii, ^HrypHpyDmlfi na KapTHaax'b 
PocceTH TO BB BHA* BeaipHCM, TO npecBHTOfl JttBH,— He Bbi^Mani, xyAoac- 

HHROMB. B* apTHCTHieCKHXB KpyWKaXB JJOnOOTHHHO HSBtCTHO, HTO PoCCOTH 

iiHcaJiB CB HaTypn^Hi^)!, a huohho co cBoeft poACTBeHHHUU XpHcrnHu PocceTH, 
3;q)aBCTByioniefi, RasiceTCJi, eme h Tenepb. Xyaosrhhrb tojibko ntCKOJiBRo 
yrpHpoBajKB A^iHHByD mex) h H8rH6'B en. Bi>ocTajiBHOMi>— PocceTH ^Ronnpo- 
pajTB SH8HB'. BupaHeHie BeseMHofi CKop6H, Ji6}Ran;ee Ha Jiviufb aoHTpajib- 
Boft seHCKofl ^Hrypu Bctei> KapTHHi> PocceTH, Toace ne Bbi;^yMaH0. XyAoa- 
HHKB npHAajiB dTOMy Bupaaceniia ToabKO 6oJibnie tohkocth. XpncTHna Poc- 

Cem— aiBTOpB CTRXOTBOpenifi, npOHHKHyTfaIXl> peJinriOSHUMl H MHCTHHeCKHHB 

HyBpTBOMB/ IIjiaMeBHaA saTojiHiica, oua ne nosejiajia bhIItb saMywi^, 



86 A I H B 0. 

coBpeMeHHoe HacTpoeme, eo npHAyMajTL axy ^^Hjioco^csyK) aoktphhj 
TaMien., — roBopHTB OcKapTb YafljaffB. — MipTb ciaji^ neiaieffB, no- 
TOMy ^TO xyAoacHHK'B npHAyMaji'B MejianxomHecKyK) HipyniKy.^ Hh- 
TULJOLCTb, 8TorB CTpaHHufi Hy?eHHR'Bp H6 aif'6]OD4& vbpu, Enjmit Ha 
Braa$orB fieai aHTysiasMa h yMHpaiDiiufl aa to, bo too ne BipyerB, — 
W6T0 JiflTepaTypHBiS irpojsjKTh. HHrHJiHCTB npHAyMaH'B TypreHeBinrb 

H J^OnOJUHeETB ^OGTOeBCKHH'L. Po6eCIIIiep'B COmeJE'B CO CTpaHHU'B Hflca- 

Hifi Pycco, Toqno xas'b se, KaK'B HapoAHufi ABopei^B wb JIoHAOHi 
sapoAHjicfl cnepBa b'b rojiOBb poMaHHcxa. JlHTepaxypa Bcer^a npe^- 
BoczHii^aia 2BH8HB. JlHTopaTypa He EOimpyerB shshb, ho orjiHBaerB 
ee CO co6cTBeHHOfi $opMi. ^eBflTHSwaTufi b'^k'b, saKi* mi ero 
BHaeifL, BEiAyxaH'B B'B BHa^HTejiBHofi creneHH BajibsaKOM'B. HamH 
JIiocBeH^ jDi;e Pe6aHnpe, HamH PacTHHbflE&H h Mapca hoabbjihcb cnepBa 
Ha CTpaHHn;arB Convkdie Humaine. Mu tojibso noBTopneM'B cb 
HSjiHmHHMH BapianjiHMH h hoactpotoexmh npHMi^aHiflMH ^aHTasiH 
BeJHKaro poMaHHCTa> *). TasHH'B ace o6paBOirB ne ToRsepeft Konnpo- 
BajTB CBOHXi BoRH IDapn'B H KpoyjiB {JlpMapKa TmfiCAaeifi), a 
SH8HB HOApaasajia npHAyiiaHHUM'B THnairB. He tojbko »h8Hb, ho h 
npHpoAa noApajicanrB HCKyccTBy. «Tojibso HMnpeccioHHCTEi as^JKh nau^ 
3TH yAHBHTejiBHue 6ypue TyMaHH, nojidynue ho yjcHn.aM'B, npoBpa- 
mannnie ropflnue $OHapH bb pacnjiuBaioniiHCfl nHXHa, a A<uia — b'b 

HyAOBHHUHBIfl rbHH. KoMy, KaK'B He HMnpeCCiOHHCTaH'B, 06fl8aHEI MBI 

npejiecTHBDiH cepefipHCTBiMH TyManaHH, bhch^hxh na^'B nauiHiiH 
P^RaMH H npHAaiomeMH TaKia hbah^hbih mhtkIh $opMti H8rH6y 

MOeTOBlft HJH CK0JIB8Hn(HM'B 6apRaM'B». HcTOpHHeCKifl CpgurriH H 8H0XH 

ToaKe GOBAanu xyAosHHKaMH. djuiaxa A'^^CTBHTeJiBHOcTH He HMteri^ 
HH^ero o6n^aro cb tok) djus^ofi, ROTopaa OTpasHjacB b'b ncRyccTB'b. 
«CpeAHie B'bRa, KaK'B hu hx'b snaeiTB b'b HCRyccxB'b, — npoAOJDKaerB 
OcRap'B YaSjiBA^, — hbahiotch tojbro ^opHOfi cthjih. Hh oahfb 

BeJIHRift XyAOaRHHR'B HHROFAa He BHAHTB BeH(efi, KaR'B OHi eCTB B'B 

AtflcTBHTejiBHOCTH. EcjH OFB A'fejiaeT'B BTo, TO HepecTaeTB 6irrB xyAOK- 
HHROiTB. BoBBMOMx, Hanp., HHOHCRui BOH^H. HoysejiH Bu AyMaoie, 
HTO xaKie nnoHipi, RaRie npeAcraBJieHu b'b hx'b HCRyccxBt^ a^Sctbh- 
xeiBHO cymecTByiorB? Ecra bh AyMaexe xaRi, to noHHMaHie hhoh- 
cRaro HCRyccTBa ycROjiBBnyjio orB BacB. GpaBHExe pHcynoR'B XoRysan, 
XoRReH HjiH RaKoro-HH6yAB APF<^ro BeJiHRaro xyAoacHHRa cb coBpe- 

MeHHBDCB HHOHIfeifB HJIH HHOHROfi H BU yGiAHTOCB, ^TO CXOACTBa H'6tB 

HHRaRoro. JIdah, sHBy^^e b'b flnoHin, iiajio ilbwh oTjiH^aioTCH orB 
6oj[BmoS ny6jD[HRH b'b AnrjiiH. Jlj)yrHHH cjoBaMH, ohh ohohb ci^pu h 
HH^iifB He sauiHaTeiBHH. B'B cynnHocTH, bch flnoniH BUAyMana 
xyAoaHHRamr, TaRoro napoAa b-b A*ftcTBHTej[BHOCTH ne cymecrayerB. 
Oahvb hb'b HanrHX'B HaH6ojrbe TajDiaHTJiHBBix'B xyAOSHHROB'B neAasHO 
ornpasHJicH b'b CTpany xpHsanxeM'B, Tro6Bi bha^tb thh'b HHOHifeB'B. 
H eMy yABJOCB napncoBaTB tojbko h'I^ckojibko GyMasHBirB ^onape^ 



*) Intentions and the Soul of Man, p. 31, 



r 



tn» nOHCKATB 8A CMHCJtOM'B aSHBHtf. 87 

Xa HeicHoi^o B'bepoB'L. XjnflXEBKT, He mofb OTspurrB Hapoxa, RaRi ^o- 
KastiBaerB BucxaBKa ero RapTHHi. npoHsomjio 8to noiOMy, mo xy^os- 

HHS'L He dHaJTB, HTO flHOHCKiS HapOA'B 8T0 TOJIBSO CmiMb, HBAII^HUfi 

KanpHdTb HCsyccTBa. HiaK'B, ecJiH bu sejKaere bha^tl HnoniK), ne 
6yAbTe TypHcxoM'B u He isAHTe b'b TokIo. HanpoxHB'B. OcTaBafirecb 
AOMa H Hsy^aflxe npoH8BeA6Hia jinoHCEHrB xy^osHaKOBi. H Eor^a bu 
ycBOHie Hxrb cthjb h cxsaxHTe etl Manepy bha^tb np^MeTH, oinpa- 
BjflflTecB vh napKi hjih na IlHKRaAHJiJui. H ecjH bu TaM'B ne ysn- 
AHTe anoHCRHrB 8<|>$eKT0B'B, TO He saMlTHTe HrB yxe HHiAi. Hey- 
sen bu AyMaexe, ^to rpe^ecKoe ucRyccTBO AaerB naiTB npeACTaBjieme 

TOWby Ha HTO nOXO»U 6uJ[H rpeRH? AeHHCRUI HBHO^HHU COBCiM'B 

He 6UIH noxosH na 6jiaropoAHUfl ^urypu, yRpamaE)ntui .^pnai 
IlapeenoHa, hjih na 6oraHB, BosctAaDnnHX'B y hoahosIh tofo iRe 
sAaniH. CxourB npoqecTB ApHCTO^ana, ^o6u y6iAHTBca vb axoiTB. 
Bu yBHAHxe, qxo aennjiHRH xaR^B se mnypoBajiHCB, hochjih xaRie 
se BucoRie Ra6jiyRH, xaR'B se RpacHJiH boiocu h pyifHHHJiH ni;eRH, RaRi 

COBpexeHHUH MOAHUfl A^MU H npocxHxyxRH?» *). 

Hto6u SH8HB npiofipijra cmucjtb, Heo6xoAHMo cynnecxBOBanie 
xyAOSHHROBi, y Roxopuxi ecxB «cxHi[B»; Heo6xoAH]fu xajianxu, He 
Ronnpynnue sh3hb, a o6j[aAaK)ni;ie ch^jocxbid «BUAyMUBaxB». yna- 
AOR'B jish OcRap'B yafijiBAi G^Hxaexi rnCejiBHEuii ]i^jib ^eJiOBiqecxBa. 
SChshb npio6p'bxeTT» rj[y6oRifi gmugje'b xoxAa, ROXAa ^eJiOB'bqecxBO 
OROHHaxexBHO oxp'itmHxcfl otl peajiHSMa. <n ROXAa aohb axoxi npn- 
Aexi.,— roBopHTB OcRapT» YaflaBA^, — RaROJO paAOCxBro npeHcnomaxca 
Bci. $aRxu npHSHanu 6yAyx^ nesacjiysHBafiQii^HMH AOBtpin. HcxHHa 
6yAex% luaRaxB b^b OROsarB, a Bumucojtb co cbohm'b HacxpoenieM'B h 
BciMH HyAecaMH BJiacxHO BOBBpaxHxcs Ha seiaio. IlepeAnb HamHMH 

HByMJteHHUMH O^ailH BCe HBM'bHHXCfl. HS'B MOpCRHXl Hy^lHH'B CHOBa 

BUTJiHHyrB JleBiaeaH^ h 6H6jieftcRifl 6ereMox%. CnoBa ohh 6yAyxii 
RpysHTBCfl BORpyrB Ropa6j[efl ex xynuMH RopnaMH, RaRi na bcjihro- 

JlinHUTB RapXHHRaxrB vbTb BpeMOH'B, ROFAa XOJIBRO H MO»HO 6UJI0 

HHxaxB RHHXH HO xeorpa^iH. ^paROHu cHona noHBaxcH bi ropaxi h 
Vb A'bcaxi, a ^eHHRCB onaxB cxanex^ BOsposAaxBCH hs'b orHH. Mu 
yBHAHifB RORaxpHca H yB'i^pyeM'B bt* AP^i'Oi^i^HHufi RaMeHB, xpanfl- 
H^ificfl B'B rojiOB'b sa6u. GnoBa rnnnorpH^i 6yAexi» seBaxB sojioxofl 
oBecB, a roj[y6afl nxHii;a sanoexi npo neBOSMOSHua bohih, RoxopBU 
HHROFAa He 6uBa]Dxi, ho aojishu 6uj[h 6u 6uxb> **). 



m. 

EcTecTBOHCHBixaxejiB Hiu reorpa^'B onepRHyjie 6bt RapaHAameiTB axH 
cjiOBa yafljiBAa. Iloqeiiy cpeAHeB'bROBafl ecxecxBennaa ncxopia^ hjih nyxe- 
mecxBie capa ^sona MaHAennjiJiH, onHcuBaioiiiiifl xo, qero He 6uj[o, 6oj['be 



*) ib., p. 48. 
♦•) ib., p. 64. 



8g A t H IB 0. 

t 
KpacHBU B fioji'be HHTepecHU, ^wb aHajEorflqEst Tpy;^, vb icoTopQirL 
«pa6cKH BODHpyercH sfl8Hi>?» Ocsap'B YsAsbjiiby nepe^HCJUut ^aHracrjerae- 

CKUXb SHBOTHUX'B, HM'^eTB B'L BB^J, KOBe^HO, eCTeCTBeHHJK) BCTOpUD 

«$paTi>e 5apTOAOMeo», Hoaaxa XY Bisa. y hbbb Ras'B paai xenepB no;^ 
pysaMH cTapHHButt nepeBo;^ arofi RHHrn. {Bartholomew or Berthelet. 
Bartholomeos de Proprietatibus Rerum. Translated into English by 
j. Trevlsa. In aedibus T. Bertbelettl, London 1535). fl BHasy <Ben- 
KOJi-bnEiie*, no onpeA'bJieHifo yafijib^a, pHcyHKH, npHjroaKeHBue B'L 
KBHrb: TjTb aHCTL, cBflsaBmifi cboid meio vb i^H^py 8; jic^annqi 

«BCTHHy» SpORO^l^HJl'B, CB 6e8K0He?H0 fl^AEEEWi'b, TOJBHWb, KdXb J 

Kpucu XBOcTOMi; KpujiaTufl xaMBJieoBi, noxosifi sa OBi^y; nasrepa 
CB qerupbHA flSHKaMH; ^eHHKCB h np. ^^paROE'B, — ^HTaDfl, — bbih- 
qaftmas bs'b Bcbxi SMifl. HacTO OHib BunojsaerB hs'l CBoero Jioro- 
BHH^a B noAHHMaeTCfl b'b BOsxyx'L, H BOSAyxi Tor^a npHxoAHrB vb 
ABHsesie orL nojiexa, h Mope otl BAOBHTaro j^uxania BSAyBaercfl 
ropoS. H y APS^Kona sa rojroBi ecTb rpe6eHB; pors ace y ^AOBBn^a 
BeSojiBmofi. H A£>inierB oh'b noBTOiry nopuBHCTO, b ^KdJieso bhcobu- 
BaeTB BSHK'L. H 3y6iii y sero, KaK^b y ebjoi. H CBJa y AP^sona ho 
TOJibKO B'L 8y6ax%, BO en^e b b^b XBOcrb. nocJii^BiTB ApasoHi sa- 
jiHTXyXOTji yKOJTB Be TaKi flAOBBTB, saK'B ysyci smM. H ;Q)aK0H% y6H- 
BaerL, Koro toabko BcrptTHrB. H ji^BSRe aowb He san^nn^eHi otb 
ApaROsa. ^aROH'B npaHeTca BOSJii Toro Micia, memo Roroparo EAyrB 
cjoflu, cnjieTaerB bm'b Hora cbohm^ XBOCTOicb, BajiHTB aa seiuH) h 
y^BBaerB. ^aROHi Biii^erB ABawa^B lORTeft vb jifijiEj. ?acTO qexBipe 
HJiH njiTB AP^KOHOFB cnjiOTaiDTCfl XBOCTaME, noAHHMaK)rB BBeprB ro- 
jioBu H TaR'B njiLiByTB qepes'B p^rh hjih Hopa b'b noHCRarB sa ly?- 
mefi Ao6u?efi. JIj)aR0Hiii y6HBaBDTB cuoMVb, noroHy qTo qyBCTByDTB 
nocTOBHHyiD sasAy, a RpoBB y cjiohob'b upoxis^afl. ^aR0H% Bcerxa 
xonerB nBTB, TaR'B RaR-B ne Moaei'B HafliH Aocxaxorao boah, mro6u 
sajiHTb cboh) naJuiniyK) sasAy- Botb no^eMy oh'b h pacRpusaerB 
nacTB npoTEFB Btxpa, ?to6u xotb HeMHoro oxjiaAHTBCHTaRHiTB o6pa- 
nowb. ^BixaHie y AP^Kona xaRoe ropa^ee, ?to oh'b saacBraerB imorAa 
BosAyx'B, BOTB uo^OMy H RasoTCH, ^0 OHX A^inerB orneH'B. HHorxa 
OH'B AKixskHieM'B BHnycRaerB BOHE)qie napu. BosAyx'B GbiBaerB TorAa 
oipaBjreH'B, mo noposA^erB qyHy... Bci haobhtuh ra^HHU ne ss)- 
6siTb H ynojsaiorB, saqyBB'B sanax'B snpa AP^'Rona. TorB se snpi, 
ecjH ero cM^maTB cb MeAOM'B, Hc^•iMe^B cjrtnory... Bi Moary Apa- 
Rona saposAaeTCfl RaMOHB dpaKOHmia (Dracontias); ho cirbAyerb 
6paTB ero tojibro hsx SBBoro SHBOXHaro. H6o, eciH Apa>ROHx hsau- 
xaerB panbrne, ^iwb APstRonxift BunyrB, XBepAOcxb ero Hc^esaeTB 
OAHOBpeMeHHO c/b AbixaEieH'b. ^paRona YcuunBiorb pasjiH^HUMH CHa- 
Ao6bhmb, a noxoM'B BUHBHaDXB RaiieHB... Mhco Apa.ROHa r^B'bxa cxeRjta 
H yxouerb acasAy, ecjiH noi^cxb ero. Boxi no'^eMy aeionUy SHBynpe 
Wb cxpani, ta* cojnme najTHrb, oxoxho ^A^irB ApaROHHXHHy... B'B 
MaROAOHiE BOAflxcH pyqnue ApaROHbi; ohh xaR'B RpoxRH, qxo seH^HHU 
BURapMjUHBanrB hx'b xaifb rpyAbio. ^"bxH xaifB HrpaDXB ci APaso- 



Vh nOBGRArL 8A CHUCJIOM^ SH8HH. 89 

HaMH, CaAflTCfl Ha EZXb BepXOM'B H TpeUJIOTB HX'B, KaKl COfiaK'B. 

FjiasHBUi flCjiORE ApaKOHOFL — ^APS-roi^HHue RaUHH — CBepKaDTb, RaS'B 

OrOHB. A$pHKaH]][U yTBepa^aiOTB, HTO APaKOHBI UOSBHAECh OTh He- 

ecTecTBeHHaFo cspen^HBamfl opjOBrb cl BOJiqHxaMH. Bnb ^pHriH ro- 
lOAHBie j^paKouu nocTynaiorL xasii. Ohh nosopa^HBaiOTCfl Ha sana^^i, 
pacKpuBaD'TB mnpoKO porL h chjioe) CBoero BAUxanifl BTArHBaioiTB 
j[eTaioniHr& hthi^. ^paROHu 6eperyTB cBoe SAopoBBe, a^ji ?ero ijijATb 
AHsil aarys'b, npHWHAiDni^lfi hhi pBoxy. fl6ioKH se A'bficTByiDrB na 
HHxi, RaK'B flA>» *)' He HeHie yAHBHiejibHHfl bohih Hani'B eciecTBO- 
HcmiraTeJib 3HaerB h npo caMUXi ofiuKHOBeHHuxn^ SHBOTHurB. Koaa, 
Hanp., AuinerB h6 hobapamh, a ymaHH. «ropHqaH RpoBb Roaia cunr- 
qaeTB RaMen aAaManrB, ROToparo He fieperL hh ofohb, hh seidteo... 
Ko8u 0R0J[iBaK)rB, ecJH nojHsyrL moa'b. HiROTopue robjiu HiiinrB 
Ha rojiOBt MesAy poraMH OTBepcTie Ranajia, HAyn^aro npHHO bi ne- 
^eHb SHBOTHaro. H ecjiH 9to oTBepcxie sajiinnTb bocroktb, shbot- 
Hoe 3aA0XHeTCJi». ^iTCRaa naHBHocTB ecxecTBeHHofi HCTopiH Bepxe- 
jiexa mtb&Tb, fiesx coMHinifl, HSBicxHyio npejcecxb; ho OcRapnb VafiabA'B 
roBopHT^ o&b yBAeRaxejibHOcxH BUMucjra, npoxHBonocxaBJiflfl ero CRyq- 
HOfi AI&ficxBHxeJibHOcxH. EcxecxBOHCHHTaxejiB HJH BpaH'B cRasyxi, qxo 
pascRasi ^aroi^Hxarb, CopniuHxcfl ex 6aRxepiflMH, noaaAanniHMH 
B'B RpoBB A^ex^ 6oJD[Bniift npocxop'B BOo6paseHiK), ^^wb Bci pascRaay 
ApaRonaxii h $eHHRcax7>, BSHxue BiiicT'b. jl.ificxBHxejiBHocxb xoibro 
xoFAa cipa h 6e8iiB'&XHa, ROXAa mu He yMtearb nagjiiOAaxb. Oxih^h- 
xejUHoe CBOflcxBO ^ejoB^^ecRaro yna xo^ ?xo eiiy Jierqe BUAynaxB 
rHHOxesy, hImi sairbxHXB o6uRHOBeHHbiH flBJieHifl a nocxaBHXB hxi bi 

npHHHHHyD CBH3B. BoSBMeM'B A^UlBUie HyxemecxBeHHHROB'b, ROXOpUHH 

yBiORaexcH OcRap'B Ya^JBA^ h npH3HaeTi>, ^xo xojibro hx'b hosho 
en^e uxaxB. 8xo, npeacAe Bcero, capi ^owb MaHAeBHJUB, asxop'B 
XIV BiRa, onHcaBmtft cboh nyxemecxBin no Typi^iH, ApueniH, Tap- 
xapiH, IlepciH, ChpIb, ApaBin, Ernnxy, JIbbIh, deioniH, XajiAei, 
«ApHa30HiH» H HhaIh. nyxemecxBifl 3aRjiiDqaE)x^ pBA% coBep- 
meHHO HeBipojiXHbixi^ npHRjnoHenifi. Abxop'b BHA'ibji'B ^enHRca, 
cxepseHB nepa Roxoparo HMi^exi» ab^ jaAOHH bx mnpHHy, ApaROHOBi*, 
ycimifleMux'B fb 3eioniH BByRaiiH niceHx. B'B HhaIu oh'b Bzjijbrb 
Apyrofl cnoco6'B aobexb rbTh se qyAOBH^ii. «IlHAifiiw 6epyrB njian^'B 
axaro cyRHa, nHmyxi Ha HeM'B soioxoifB saRjinnaHie h RJiaAyrB y 
BXOAa vb jLOTOBumid ApaRona, Roxopufi opb axoro BnaAaexi> B'B rjiy- 
6oRifi coH%. ToFAa hhaiSiibi oxpy6aH)X'B AP^Kony roJOBy xonopoifB h 
BUROBupHBanrB riasa, wb ROxopuxB naxoAflxcji AP^oi^HHue RaHHH, 
o6j[aAaK)n^ie HeHCHHCJuiMHMH B0J[aie6HB[MH CBoficxBaMH. He pasii cjiy- 
^aexcfl, — noB'ibcxByex^ MaHAeBHJUB, — ?xo ApaRonnb npHXBopflexcH 
xojiBRO CHHHUiu'B. OH'B XBaxaex^ noAomeAHiHXx r'b neMy HHAifii^eB'B, 
BOJio^HXTb B'B CBoro 6epjrory h noaHpaexT>. H ApaROHi npn axoBrb 
npHXOAHrB B'B xaRyio apocxB, qxo ropa HaAii) oepjiorofi coAporaexcH». 



•) Bartholomew (Berthelet), book XVIU, § 38. 



90 ;^ I H B 0. 

MaHAeBHJUL BHAtjl'B CBOHMH rJiaSaHH B'B UhaIh 60pb6y OpJIOBl CB 

ApaKOHaHH. HcTopHHecEaa KpHTHRa AstBHO Txe Aosasajia, hto nyre- 
mecTBeHHHRa capa Jl^soHa MaHAesHJiJifl ne fiujio, a 6usi, ^pani^ys- 
coifi KOiinHjKflTop'B SKafl'B ByproHCKifi, oh'b se JKan'B BopoAaTuft 
(Jean & la Barbe). Owb Gpaji'B pascKasu o nyrejnecTBiflXB 
MapKO noJio, ^JKasa Bhtph h Monaxa OAopHsa IIopAeHOHCKaro, 

CTaBBJH B'B HHXB CBOe H H UpHATMHBaJi'B HeBipOflTHBtfl npEKJOD- 

lemfl, nopasanopfl tojibko BHAyMKofl, ho ho Rpacorofl (EaisrB, 
Haup.y npHKJOO^eHiji GHH6aAa MopexoAii^a). TaiCB^ Tji^b SHaMeHHTufl 
BBHeipaHCKifi seMjienpoxoAei^ fobophtb no Hacjiumst (npoAasaa 
sa TO^ 1T0 RynHJTB) — JKani 6opoAaTUfi hjeh capi ^ovb MaHA&BHJixB 
roBopjiTB He TOJiBKo yTBepAHTOJibHO, HO H EM.% o^eBHAipi. Mapso 
nojo, nanp.y.nepeAaeirb pascRasiy i^npKyjiHpyionufi npn ABopi 6orAu- 
xaHa npo rHraHTCEyio nxHiiiy <pyK'B» hah «pyrB», npHjeiaDntyi) 
nepioAH^ecKH r'b 6eperairB SansHfiapa*). MaHAeBHiiB coo6n^aerB^ 
qio OH'B caiTB ydHJTB ary hthii^ h AsterB noApo6HUH onHcaniH en 
nepbeBi, RjnoBa h jian^B. Besb coMHtniH, BoodpaiseHie h ^aHTasifl — 
OAHO HS'B HaH6ojAe Aopornxi* qejioB^Ry RaqecTB'B; ho neyseiH tojebro 
BbiAyMRa B'B cocTOHHiH ORpKuiflTB ^aHTasiiD? HeysejH A^ pa6oTEi 
Boofipasenifl Heo6xoAHHo npeEAO Bcero OTopBaTbcfl orb A^flcTSHTejub- 
HOCTH, RaBi^ 0TB ?ero-To] cbparo h deBiptTHaro? Ecjh 6u OcRapb 
YaftJibA^ noroBopHJTb cb reorpa^oirB, to ycabimaji'b 6u pascRasbi npo 
A'ibftcTBHTejibHUfl npHRjiioqeHiH, nopaasaDn^iii Boo6paseHie cHJibHie, 
qiiTb Bci noB'bcTBOBanifl MaHA6BHJUui. Bsatb xoth 6u HecqacTHyio 
aMepHRaHCRyio 8RoneAHi](i]D Rannxana ^ejionra, oinpaBEBmaroca B'B 
Haqajii^ BocbMHAecHTfiiTb roAOB'B KB cbsepnoMy nojiocy. Ero Ropa6jib 
Xanema noTepniji'b Rpymenie. dRHnaapB AO^paiCH ao nycTbiHHaro 
6epera Ch6hph h, Hanpflraa noc^rbAHiH chjoj, Aomeji'B ao ycxbOB'B 
fljiH, FAib, no Raprb, sHaqHjrocb noceaenie. Kx HecqacTbK), napxa re- 
HepaibHaro nrrafia coo6n^HJia HestpHbifi ^aRTL. 8RcneAHipa ornpa- 
BHJia AByx'B caifux'b chjebhuxi h aHeprHHHUX'b lOBapHmefl na iofb 
TTodn HCRaTb laM'B j[K)Ae&, a caMa ociaiacb shhoS, bx 60® Mopos'B, 
B'B najiaTRi^ y ycTbfl piRH. IIpoBHBiH y hhx'b 6hUL0 na qeruipe ahh. 
H botb qepes'B ipH ahh ABa aHepHRaHi^a, oGopBannue, HsvyqeHHue 



*) JKHTesH ocTpoBa dToro paacKaaiJBanT'b, ^to bi» HSBibcTHoe BpeicJi roAa 
DpHJieTaeTT) Heo6uKHOBeHHafl nrHna, HMeHyeHaa hmh •pyKi*'. Ho BHAy, ro- 
BopHTb, OHa noxoAHTb Ha opaa, ho TOJibKO HecpaBHeHHO 6oJiBnie. •PyR'b' 
TaRi> BejiHK'B H CHJi6H'i», HTO noAHHicaerb B'B Korrflxi cjioHa H 6pocaeT'i» ero 
CB BUCOTBi Ha CKajibi, Aa6bi ohb y6Hjicfl. .PyKH** nHrauTCJi naAauo[bH>. Bha'I^b- 
mJe nTHiQr tobopatb, ito paaiiaxB ea xpujiBeB'BpaBeH'B mecTHaAuaTv nzaraMB.. 
BejiHKifl xaHB, ysHaBi npo ary nTHay, oTnpasHJi'b pasBtA^HKOB'B na 3aH8H6apB 
noAi npeAaoroicB xjionoTaTB aa ujitHHHKa, a vh A^flCTBHTejiBHOcTH, qTo6Li 
npoBi^AaTB npo •pyica''. PaaBtA^HRH BOsapaTHJiHCB h npHBOSJiH cb co6ok) 
KaKi MH*]^ nepeAaBajiH, nepo hthiqa. Oho hm^jio vh A^iHHy AOBflHOCTO nHAefi* 
a CTe6ejiB nepa y ocHOBaHiH (^buii B'B OAHy n&j5,h vh nonepe^HHKi^'. 

(UHTHpyx) no aHraflCKOMy nepesoAy: .The Trauels of Marco Polo the 
Venetian" chap. XXXV). 



tfh noHCiulib 8A CHUGJioirB mmtn. 9l 

roAOAOirB H jTOMHTejibHUMH uepexoAaMH^ AoGpaiHCb Ao cTaHOBui tjo- 
Tjcovb, TA'b HaxoAHiTCfl Bii TO Bpeiui BulxaBiniS h81> BepxoflHcsa 
yjiycHHfi DHcapL (6ojiBinoe Ha^aiBCTBo no xaHornHHifB MicTairL). H 
TjrB npoHsomjia Tpare^ifl. HanpacHO aMepHBaei^u uo-anrjiificEH, no- 

4)paHI^8CRH H nO-HilieElKH O&hBQHSUOLy ?T0 OHH OCTaBHIH TOBapHmoS, 

KOTopue norHfiHyTL otb roJiOAa, eciH si hhitl cefiqacB He npHAjTb 
Ha noMonu». PascoasoB'B hhkto ho hoesji'b. AMepHKanau Tor^a npe- 
Givsn Ki flsuEy anaROB'B. Ohh npeAJiarajiH A^HbrH, oTAaBau opyasie. 
H TjHrycu hohjijih, qio Heo6xo;^HMO i^xaib HOMei^eHHO Ha ciBep'b 
CB npoBHSiefi. Ho Tjvh BMibmaicji yiycHufl nHcapb. Owb craxaJi'L 
npo «BpaMOji[y» h npo to, issjn> joojiji BucjiysHBaioTCfl, iobh ee. H 
HHcapb KysbMa o&bjighhji'b Tynrycairb, vro oto h ecTb spaMoibHEKE, 
KOTopbix^ HysHO cefi'iac'bae CBHsaTb h noBesTH Kh na^aibCTBy na 
H)rb, B'b BepxoflHCK'B. Po6Eie TynrycH He nocirtiH ocjiyraaTbca hh- 
capH. n, Bor^a aHepHRaHipi hohhjih, ^to hx^ xoTHTb BesTH na K)rb, 

HTO dTO SaflMOT^ AHOfl A^CHTb, H ^TO, SHaUTB, B'b 8T0 BpOMfl 8KCne- 

AHiqH norH6HeTB,— OHH npHHUiH B'b OTqaflHie. CnjibHue AyxoM'b h 
rljoiTb KopHRH, BHj^aBHiie MHoro pas^ cnoKoftHO CHepTb msfiwb vh 
jHi^y, HJiasajiH, pbbjih 066*6 ^ojocbi, na^aJiH B'b Horairb KysbMu; ho 

HX'b CBpyTHJIH H UOBBSJIH B'b BopXOHHCK'b. TaiTb 6I1IJUI nojiHTH^ecBie 

ccHJibHue, EOTopbie nepeBOJiH cjioBa MopsBOBi. HcnpaBHHB'B fbtotb 
se j^eHb HapflAM'b sBcnexHiuio B'b ycTbHicb fljiu; Tairb Hamira to- 
BapHH](efi ^ejioHTa, ho MepTBUMH. Ohh norHfijiH Bcb orb rojioAa> 
noBJiHBmHGb Ha 6H6j[iH, ^o Jiy^me yupyrb, ^wh npHfi-brHyrb (Bas'b 

dTO 6bUI0 B'b H^BOTOpblX'b HOJTHpHUrB 9BCneAHI](iHX'b XYIII B.) B'b 

JDDAobACTBy. Tpynu jreacaiH 6ocHe, Tas'b Bas'b MOBacHHu 6um ct*- 

'bjIfiBU KaTpOCaMH. A AHOBHHB'b, BOAeHHUfi ^OJIOHrOHl AO caMOfi GMepTHi 

TpyAHO npeAGTUBHTb 601*66 TparnqecBoel ^ejiosi^By co cj[a6£iMH nop- 
BaMH jyqme He 6paTbGH 8a bth yiBaoHUH no gbooS npoGTOTi oTpoBH. 
H B% TO ase Bpeiifl dTorb AHOBHHB'b mbphtb qejiOBiBOHeHaBHOTHHBa 
ci iDAbKH, CBHAihTejibGTByfl TOM'b, BaB'b XHOFO CHJiu, 6jiaropoACTBa 
H BpacoTU B'b jsjnA «euH0B% IIpoMeTeH*. Feorpa^x Morb 6u pas- 
csasaTb OoBapy YailjibAy Taase npo to, BaB'b Po6epTb O'Xapa BepB'b h 
YHJiG'b nepec^BJiH B'b 1860—61 r. ABCTpaJriK), h BaB'b nepBufi nyTe- 
meoTBenHHE^b nornfi'b orb rojiOAa He o6paTHOH^ nyrH. HanSojrbe pao- 
ujA^ewssui BUAyMBH MaHAeBHjiiH BasyTOH fijrbAHbniH h HOHHTepeG- 
HmiH vb GpaBHOHiH G'b A^GTBHTejibHOGTbH). «Boo6paseHi]D ecTb irbcTo 

TOJIbBO TOFAa, BOFAa qeJIOB'bE'b OTpiJBaeTGfl 0Tb peaJIbHOS aH8HH». 

Oho, 6yAT0 6u, K^erh BoanosHocTb mucjih sarjinHyrb «no Ty GTopony 
6brrui». B'b sjmnewh cjryqa'b, pesyjibTaTOM'b TasHXi dBGBypcifl CuBa- 
vyrh CTHXH Vb poA'b: 

^Be3CB]l3Hfal5I^ CTpaUHfalfl JIOnaCTH, 

Hawh nyrb OTptsaiorb... mu xcjieMB. 
Mu BHAHMi 6e3AOHBiiiSi nponacTH 
3a HamHiii* HeBtpHuirb nyreirb.' 



92 K I H B 0. 

^eJovbvb, npHBUEmift s^b tohhohj lannieHii), CKenrH^ecKH toibko 
. uosMerb njie^aMH, Rorj^a eMy roBopjrrB oCift BKCsypciflX'B «no Ty cto- 
poHj 6iiTiii». Oh'b npH^aerB rpoMa;^Hoe SHa^eeie BOo6paaceHiK), ho 
HayqnoMy, noMoraniueuy mhcjih nepeier^TB qepesi nponacTb, pasAi- 
j[jiK)iuy]D jifii KaxeroplH TmaTejnbHo npoBipeHHurb jiBiemi. IIpH- 
Be^y GTapufi npHHipi noAo6Haro HayqHaro BOo6paseHiii. Bi* 1628 r., 
Kor^a noflBHJLCji TpasTarb TapBea o KpoBOo6pan^eHiH, khkpocroitb 
npeACTaBJjijrB emfi coBepmeHHO rpy6ufi HHCTpyMeHrB; b^ CHiy aroro, 
TaKfL HasuBaeMue, KanHJUflpHue cocyABi 6umi coBepmeHHo HeHSBibcTHU. 
TojEBKO nocji'b cMepTH Fapsefl, EorAa mhkpocroitl 6urh ycoBepmeH- 
cTBOBaH'B, Majn>iiHrH c^biaji'B pji^'B BeiHKHrB oTRpuTit. H botb 
FapBefi npH CBOHxrb HSCJsiAOBaHiax'B npHicejrB R'b saRJwqeHlD, ^to 
RpoBL HAei-L B31 cepAE^a Bi apTepiH, a noroirb qepea^ bbhu BOSBpa- 
n^aeTCJi bi> cep^ae. (^o nero nojEarajEH, vro aptepiH nepexoAATi» vb 

HepBU, HTO Vb EliTb ABHSeXCfl RpOBB, CMtoaHHafl CB BOBAyXOM'B 00 

TOMy ace saRony, RaRi Bo^a b'l Hop'b, t. e. tto bctb npHJiHBU h ot- 
jflBBi RpoBH H np.). FapBefl fle 3HajrB, RaR'B RpoBB H81 apTepifl ne- 
pexoAHTB in> Besu, h He mofb snaTB, TasB RaR% coeAHHHreji^HUiiH 
RanajiaMH bbjudtch RanHJiapHue cocyAu, ROTopue ne 6uja emfi 
TOfAa OTRpuTH. Ho FapBefl TmiaTeiiHO HSCJiiAOBaJTB ABHSRenie RpoBH 
no apTepiaifB h BenaMi h npHmejTB r'b aaRJuoqemio, ^to aro oahh'b 
npoisjeccb. TBopqecRoe BOo6paseHie noxooo ero mucu nepeHecTHCb 
qepes'B nponacTB, qepeai ROTopyE) Hocrb 6ujrB nepeRHnyrB BnocjrbA- 
cTBiH. dio— OAHH'B iiffb HaH6ojrbe RJiaccHqecRHX^ npniripoB'B, AORaau- 
BdkfDmfirh Heo6xoAHMOCTB h BasnocTB Hayuaro TBopqecRaro B006pa- 



OcRap'B yafijiBA'B nepenocHTb nacB b'b cxpaHHufl iftpi. ^^•bMi 
6oj[hme Hu Hsyqaen'B shshb h jiHTepaTypy, — roBoperB oh'b, — tImb 
cHjiBHie qyBCTByeM'B, hto nosaAH Bcero qyAecnaro ctohtb hhahbh- 
AyajibHocTB qejoBiRa. He momohtb cosAaerB qejiosiRa, ho leiovbRB 
cosi^aeTB cBofi his/h. Bb canoMB js!b]t% a cRjioHeHB AyMaxB, qxo Ra- 
xjSfiiA UHOB H RascAOe npoAame, BBiaionuecH, 6yAT0 6u, coa^^anieMB 
i^jiaro HapoAa, yABBJenieirB hjeh ysacoMB ROTopuxB BAOXHOBJieHH, — 

BB GyH(HOCTH HpHAyMaHU OTA^ilbHBUCB qOlOBiROMB. BaiRHU HO Rpa- 
CHBblH A'bflCTBlH, a RpaCHBblfl CJ!OBa». #KaSAUfi MOSeiB JSJbjLSkTb HCTO- 

pi©; HO TOJiBRO BejHRie jmdah Moryrb HHcaiB ee.^IL'brh TaRHXB a**- 

CTBifi, HtrB TaRHXB ^MO^ifl, ROTOpbLfl HB paBHHJIH 6u HaCB CB HH8- 

mHHH acHBOTHUMH. TojibRo pt^b BOSBUHiaeTB HacB HaAB hhmh; toibro 
oHa BOSBBunaeTB OAHoro qejioBiRa naAB ApyrHMB. Cjiobo jiBJuercs 
omoMB, a He AHTHTeft MHCJLH. JtificTBOBaxB BcerAa oqeHB jierRO*. 
J^ificTByio^B Ti juoah, Roxopue He bb coctohhIh nnqero APF^ro A*- 
jiaTb. 9to— HocjrbAHee y642RH^^e JiiQAei, He yMtI)^^HXB MeqiaiB, — ro- 
BopHTB OcRapB yaftiBAB. «HcTopiK) Heo6xoAHHO nepenicaTB saHOBo... 



FB HOHeSAXl 8A CHHCAOITB XHSHH. 98 

IIoGxb M6TraTej[efi hhkto ho hm^^ ctojibro 8a6jiy»AeHifi, RaK'B ^e- 
losiffB fljb&cTBisL. B'B caMOiTB ]!!bjL% oHi He sHaerB hh npoHcxos^e- 
mBy HH pesyiBTaTOB'B co6cTBeHHun» nocxynEOB^. C% noiefi, aapoc- 
mHTB no ero iiH'bHiio tbphobhh&om'b, — mu co6pajiH BHHorpa;iiHHfl 
rposAH; ^nroBoe AopoBo, nocaseHHoe hh^ jijib Hamefi jcjlb,jijh, 6e8- 
nio^flo, KaKi qepionojiox'B, h ropB&o. ^ejiOBi^ecxBO MoaerB HaflxH 
CBoa nyxB TOJttKO noTOMy, qro ne BHaerB, Ky^a HflerB» *). atHSHB — 
BeiHKifi o6MaHii^HK'B H DpaB^a TOJiBEO B'B HCKyccTBt. «Bej[HKi2 npo- 
fl8BeA6HJfl HcsyccTBa— SHBBLa cyn^ecTBa, Toqaie, ohh— eAHHCxBeHHBui 
cymecTBa, ofiis^aiDiiUfl shshbd. C^b nporpeccoM'B i^BHJiH3ai{iH h3- 
6paHHiie yMu HacrojiBSO npoHHRHyiCfl cosHaHieM'B axoS hctbhu, qio 
Bce MeHBme h MCHBine oxaHyrB HExepecoBaxBos A'bficxBHxejiBHofi 
XHSHBK) u 6C7b CBOu eneHanuiTbuiH nonmu ecei^ibAO 6ydyrm nepnamb 
u&^ motOj do nezo domponyAocb ucKycemeo (KypcHBi OcKapa YafiiBAa). 
B'B caMoiTK xbjA. I^hshb KpafiHe HecoBepmeHHa no ^opufb cBoefi. 
Kaxacxpo^^u B'B nefi cjiyqaiDxcA He xas'B, Rasi cjAfljeTh, a He cb 
xIhh iuoABHH, KOXopBie BacjiyacHBaioxB. KoMOAiH ea ysacHa, a esi xpa- 
reAiH— qacTO nepexoAflxi* B'B ^apci*. Ilpieiuion^ifl shbhb nocxoHHHo 
qjBCTByex'B ce6H ocK0p6jieHHUM'B. Co6Brxifl bi nefi npoAOJisaE)xcfl hjih 
qpesMlpHO jifxao hjih, nanpoxHB'B, KOHqaK)xcfl cjiHniKOirB cKopo. 
«2Ch8hb, iioao6ho AHpeKxopy Ky&ojiBHaro xeaxpa, o6oji[Bn(aexB nacB 
KHxaflcKHMH xtHiiifB. Mu HpocHM'B y Hefl HacjiascAeHil; ona npHHt- 
nuBaexi k'b hhjtb ropeqB h paBoqapoBafliA. Mh Bcxpi^qaeMCji cb 
djiaropoAHHM'B ropeiTB h mbicjiem'b, qxo oho Aa^cxi^ HaiTB ;i(o- 
cxoflHyK) nypnypHyK) ManxiiD xpareAin; ho rope yxo^HrB; ero saiit- 
HaerB niqxo HeH'be GzaropoAHoe. H box% nacxynaerB ci^p£ift xojoa- 
HBifi paBCB^TB, Korxa Hu C7» 6e8pa3JiHqH£iM'B HByiueHieirB hjih cb 

SaCTBKfiHIHJrB, RaMeHHBUrB CepAKtQM'B rjlHAHlTB Ha dOJIOXBLa RyAPH, KO- 

xopBifl Mil sorAa*xo eesyiiHO ni'bjioBajH h 6oroxBopHJ[H» '*'). 

Shshb He npieueMa, Me»Ay npoqaifB, noxoMy, qxo nepesHxuH 
BneqaxirbHifl HHSorita ne noBxopHDxcfl B'B oAHHasoBofi cxeneHH. KaE'L 
CHJiBHO oxjiHqaexcH B'B axoM'B oxHomeniH Mip'B HCKyccxBa. YAajiHBmHCB 
vb Hero, HU, no CBoeiiy sejiaHiK), MOseifB BusuBaxB B'B ceCi pasnun 
bmoioh; bt> naniHX'B pyKax'B bobmoshocxb nepesHXB B'B JiH)6ofl HOMenrB 
noJinyio raMiiy on^ymeHifi. Ha nojisi Moero RHHsnaro mKa^a cxonrB 
JBoQfcecmeeHuaH KoMedin^ h a snaio, qxo, oxKpuB'B RHHry, npencnojiHiocB 
cBHp'buoft HeflaBHCXBK) Kh qeJiOBisy, soxopEifi HHKOPAa Meaa ne o6h- 

Sai'B, HJLH BOJIHKOfi JIK)60BLD K'B SeHH^UHi^, Koxopyio HHKOrAa HO yBEscy. 

Mx^ xasoro cHJtBHaro HanpHseHia cxpacxn, Koxoparo He moxjio 6h 
XaxB HCRyccxBO. Oxrphb'b xaftny ero, mu MoaceirB sapan'be cRasaxB, 
RdROBu Cy^yTB om^nieHia. Mu Moseni* A^^e Bu6paxB AJia axoro a^hb 
H HasnaqaxB qacB. B'B namefl sojrb cRasaxB cefii: «8aBxpa na pa8- 
cB'fcxt a oxnpaBJoocB cb BaacHuifB BeprHJueM'B B'B Aouny xinefi h 



*) The Critic as Artist, p. 132—138. 
•*) lb., p. 166. 



94 J( I H B 0. 

cMepTH. J^ ji^cTBHTejiBHo, pascB'brB sacraerB Hac% B'l tomhomi 
jrbcy, H Mu bhahmi MaHTjanixa pBji,owb ctb co6ok)... B'b nypnypHoirb 
HpaEi npoHOCflTCfl nepe^ HaMH Bci rb, KOTopue sanflTHaiR Mip^ 
spacoTofi CBoero rp'bxa; bi» oTspaTHxejibHofi amI, cb TbioMrb, paciiyx- 

niHM'B OTh BO^flHRH B'B BHA'b ^YAOBHII^HOS JIHpU, BaueTCJI TfajO $aib- 

mHBOMOHerqHKa AAaica jifi Bpeniia. Oh'b iiojiHrB HacB BucJiyinaTB 
ero Hec^acTifl. Mu ocTaHaBJEHBaencfl. CyxEMH, pacTpecsaBinHMHCfl 
ycTaMH coofin^aerB ohi HaH% npo to, KaK^B ji^sewb h ho^bd Me^TaerB 
pyqeflsax'B HHCTOft bo^u, syp^an^nx'B no MmHcnnrB 6oRairB shbo- 
nHCHux'B xoiHOB'B. IIpeAaTejn* rpeKii, Ghhofb hs'b TpoH, rjiyHHTCA 
HaA'B HHM'B. A^^aMi fiBBTB ero no jHi^ H MesAy HHHH saBflSUBaercfl 
j^diKSi,. Ilosopi Hxi npHKOBBiBaerB nacB, h mei ctohmi HenoxBHaKHo, 
noRy^a Biipruift He naqHnaerB ynpeRaTB nacB. Mu Ejsfiirb ji,djame 
El ropoAy, oxpaHAeMony BejiHEaHaHH, bi ROTopoirB Tpy6HrB m> cBofi 
porB HHMBpoA'B. YsacHUA npHEJiD'ieHlfl Gj[yqaE)TCH cb HanH^ h mu 
qyBCTByeiTB arB, RaRnb ^anxe, OA'i^Tue, RaRi obtb... Jifi., mu MoaceMi 
oTOABHHyTB seMJiK) Ha mecTB B'bROBi HaaaAib, qTo6u criohhtb Koxbaa 
nepeA'B rbwb ace ajxapeMi*, ^tg h seaHRifi ^^JiopeHTHHei];^. H ecxH 
AdBHo npomeAmie B'bsa yroMJuauorB nacB; ecJiH mu sejiaeMi hchu- 
, TaTB cTpaAanifl h .rpixH namero BpeMene, to pasBi wbrb RHHrB, 
ROTopuA vb oABffB ^acB sacTaBiirB nacB HcnuTaTB GojiBme, ^Awb 
SH8HB sa ABaffiaTB Jiivh noBopnaro cynnecTBOBamji? OTRpoflxe MajQiH- 
rajTB BoAJnapa, Ha^HHaion^ificH cjiOBaMH: 

„Que m'importe que tu sois sage? 
Sois belle! et sois triste!" *). 

Bu noqyBCTByeTe, nro noRjiOHaeTecB ropD 6ojn>nie, ^bMi Rorxa- 
jih6o noRxoHfljiHCB paA0CTH»... **). «9Ta nepe^a^a aMopiS HsyMHTeAna. 
Mu cTpaAaeMii tI^mh ae 6ojr68Hjncii, qro h noarB,— roBopHrB OcRapi 
YafiiBA^. — MepTBUH ycTa menqyT'B naM'B wo to, a cepAiie, a&bho 
odpaTHsniHCB vb npaxib, coofin^aerB naM^ cbod pag^ocTB... Mu crb- 
AyeMB no BceMy Mipy sa MaHOnrb JlecRO. Mu Tose cxoahm'b cb yMa 
orB j[io6bh, RaR'B repofi ApiocTO^ h naui nepeAaeTCJi ysacB OpecTa. 

HtrB TaKOfi CTpaCTH, ROTOpyS) mu ho MOFJEH 6u MyBCTBOBaTB H Ta^ 

Roro HacjiajRAeHifl, ROToparo ne motjih 6u HcnuraTB. Mu caMH h86h- 
paeM^ BpeMfl j^jul btofo h totb MOMeerB, Ror^a on^ym^eHuai aojdbhu 
ROEHHTBCfl*. HH?ero noAofinaro ne MoserB a^tb naMi shbhb. «JKh8hb 
sacTaBijaierB naci njiaTHTB cjHmROMTi BucoRyio ii;lHy 8a cboh to- 
Bapu. CaMyio HH^TOSHyn TaSny ea mu npiofip'bTaeM'B 8a qyAOBHn^- 
HyH) i^Hy... Toj[BRO qepe8i> nocpeACTso HCRyccTBa, h tojibro ero oa- 
Horo, MU nocTHraoM'B Hame co6cTBeHHoe coBepmeHCTBO. Toibro oa- 

HHM'B HCRyCCTBOM'B MU MOSOM^ SaRpUTBCfl OTB OnaCHOCTefi A^fiCTBH- 
TeiBHOfl SH8HH» ***). 



*) ^Hto uEfb AO TBoero 6jiaropa8yMui? ByAB npeKpacHa! ByAB nenajibHa'* 
•♦) The Critic as Artist, p. 172. 
♦♦•) lb., 174. 



B'B nOHCKlX'B 8A CMUGIOirB aSHSHH. 95 

— B'B TaKOJTB cjyqa*, hu cymecTByeifB, Tro6u HH^ero He s* Jaib? — 
cnpamHBaerB oaho bwl jehu.'b ^is^Jiora. 

— ^B,, H86paHHUfl HaTypti cyn^ecTByDrB HHeHHO XJU SToro, — 
OTBiqaerB jhi^o, HSiaraDimee Bsrjuxu Ocsapa yattuAa. AUcTBie 
"leiOBiKa orpaHHqeHo n OTHocHTeju>Ho. He orpaHH^oHa h a6coju>THa 
MEmh 4)aHTadifl OAHHOsaro Meqiarejur. Ho ua acHBeirL wh ^pedMipHO KyjiB- 
TypHOMTi H spHTEHecKH HacTpoeHHOiTb lAfA; Mu cjiHniKOirB maMjifiWh 
HsucBaHHBixB flacjiaaweHilt, ^Tofiu bi* o6^wb aa A^bficTBHiejibHyi) 
SHSHJb npHHflTb TQ^Ko cosepi^aHie eg, — roBopHTb Ocsap'B Yallib;!^. 
}i,K Hac% cittii diyina — 6e8iqi'6T6H'L, a fruitio Dei— JiRmeErb 3Ha?eHUi. 
Mera^^HSHsa He cooTB^TCTByerB HameMy TeMnepaMeHry, a pejrariOBHut 
BBCTaBi Bumeji'B h^b moau. Mipnb, repeal nocpeACXBO Koroparo 
asaAeHHqecKiit $hioco$'b ciaHOBHTcji Ha6jD[i)ffaTejieM'B BcbrB BpeMeH'B 
H pasHHXi cyiRecTBOBaHifl, — ecTB tojibbo Mipi a6cTpaKTHurB HAefi. 
BcrymnrB bi btotb Mifrb, m sacTUBaeM'B vh o6mecTBJb ciHrnsoirB 
OTBie^eHHurb imcjiHTejielt. Hto se Kacaexcfl sopox'B crpa^a 6osiiiro>, 
TO OHH sanepru TenepB au HacB. Hxi oxpaHflerB HCBteecTBO. ?to6u 

UpOllTH dTHVH BOpOTaMH, HaMl HeofixOAHMO npeABapHTOJIBHO OTKaSaTBGfl 

OTB BcerOy HTo ecTB B03BumeHHaro B'B Hamefl npHpoA'i^ J^oboj^ho h 
Toro, WHO HamH onpi B'ibpHJiH. Ohu ncTomnjiH coBepmeHHO bcd Bipo- 
cnoco6HocTB BHAa homo sapiens h saB'ibii^ajui nairB cKeiiTHi](H8irB, so- 
Topuit nyrajTB hx^b... Mh ho MOseifB BosBpaTHTBCJi h HasaA'B ko 
BpeMenairB cbatstb. TenepB ropaaAO 6ojiBmeMy mo3rho Hay^HTBca y 
rpimHHKOFB. Mu He Hoseii'B Tasace BOSBpaTHTBCA bi a6cTpaBTHoll $h- 
iroco4)iH, MHCTHKa use cfiHBaerB nacB cb nyrn. Kto lenepB noseiaoTi 
otfirbHflTb HBji^HyK) RpHByH) poBOBaro jienecTsa na 6ed4)opMeHHoe, ne- 
yjiOBHMoe fifinle, Koropoe HiaTosTB cTaBHjrB Tak'B bucoso? Hto nairB 
AO TeoAHi](eH $HJiOHa AjieKcaHApiltcEaro, ao ^Be^epnaro h yrpeHHflro 
nocjiaHifl» dRrapTa, ao BHAibHilt B6Me h Ast^e ao lyAosHn^Haro He6a, 
pasBepHyBmaroca nepeA^ CBiTjiBiMH o^aMH CBeAeH6opra? Bee sto ne 
CTOHT^ OAHofi axeiTofi Hame^BH ipiTBa ac(|)OAejiiH; caMoe HHsmee 
HCsyccTBO HeHBiiibpHHO Bume Bcero aToro. To^ho tas'B, savB npnpoAa 
ecTB Maxepiji, npeTBopjnoniaflCii vh paayirB, ncByccTBO ecTb paayirB, 
npeTBopflDnqtcfl vh Harepiio. HcTHHHaro acTOTHBa Bce nejicHoe BcerAa 
orrajuuiBajio. FpoBH npoACTaBjuiJiH EdJsjjo xyAOSHHBOB'B, noTOicy qTO 
HiTB TysAO fiujEO npoACTaBjieHie o 6e8BOHewoirB... Mu sejiaeirB boh- 
speTHaro, h hhhto, Bpoirl BOHsperHaro, ne MoaEOTB yAOBieTBopftTB 
Hac* *). 

HcByccTBo MoxerB a^tb qeaoB*By Bce to, qero He amoti hh 

XH8HB, HH ^HJIOGO^iH, HH MHCTHBa. B'B HCByCCTVib H 8aBJIE)qeHa 

TaHHCTBeHHafl npejiecTB, BJEeByn^aa, BaBi nponacTB. «HcByccTBo 60- 

xbeTB MHOrHHH dOJlteHflMH H XpaHHTB BOCnOMHHaHlfl SaMaH^HBUX'B 

rpixaxi. Oho MyApie narB, h MyApocTB ero ropBBa. HcByccTBO na- 
nojQUieTB HacB HeBoaHoacHuiui sejiaHiHUH h aacxaBJuierB nacrB rnaTBCH 



*) The Critic as Aiftist, p. 179. 



96 A I H £ 0. 

8a rkwb, HTO mu caMH cosHaeirB HeAOCTnasHHuirL. 3a to HCKyccTBO 
Moserb CAiJiaTb a^a HacB oaho: oho jboahtb HacB otb OKpysaiDii^aro, 
RpacoTa KOToparo saTeMHeHa ByjibrapHOCTBD, a ypoAJiHBOCTL KOToparo 
He Aaerb HaifB coBepmeHCTBOBaTbCH. HcKyccTBO noMoraerb naiTB 
noRHHyxb Bi^K'B, B^ KOTopoifB Hu po^HjiHCB, nepoflTH B'B APT^^e Bisa 
H qyBCTBOBaxb TiM'b HO MBHie laifL ceSfl B^ poAHofi aTM0c$ept. Oho 
yqHTb Hacb, Kas'b yiTH orb onura h Kasi hocthu omiTB ApyrnxB 
jODSfilt, SojL'ibe TajraHXJiHBux'b, vbifbMH. MyRH JleonapAH, npoEUHaK)- 
maro SHBHb, cTaHOBHTCH HamHHH MysaHH. TeoRpHTb Hrpaerb na cbh- 
p-biH^ a MU cH'beMCH Birlcrb cb HHH$aMH h nacTyzaMH. OAtTue B'B 
BOJOBbD mKypy Ilbepa BHAam *), mu m^hmch Ha soHi BnepeAH 
ncoB^ hjch CBepmaeM'b noABHra jlaHceioxa. BM^crb ci A6ejupoM% 
mu meunewb lafiny Hamefl JtH)6BH h, Kasi Bhuohi, HaiHBaeM'B nanrb 
nosop'b B'B cTHxax^. Mu bhahm'b pascBirb riasaMH niejUH, h, RorAa 
6poAHM% BM^cTi cb dHAHMioHOMi, M^cflifi Bi]D6juieTGfl B'B Hamy Epa- 
coTy». H86paHHUH narypu He npleMO)rb A^ficTBHTejiKbHOCTH h 6epyrL 
H8% H&s TOJibRO TfiTh. «To, ^TO JLV)j[fl HasuBaDrb rpbxoMiy flB- 
juiBTGH cyn^ecTBeHHUM'b ajieMeHTOM'b nporpecca, — ^roBopHTb OcKapib 
yafijibA'b. — Beaii rp-bxa Mipb aacTo^Jicfl 6u^ cocTapHicfl Hjoise o6e8- 
niB^THjica 6hi. Tf^Th cBOHMrb j[]D6onbrrGTBOM7» yBejiHHHBaerb ohutb 
Haipn. Cbohu'b HHTencHBHUMX HHAHBHAyaAHSMOM'b OHb onacaeTB Hacb 

0T1»M0H0T0HH0CTH. OXBeprafl XOAH^H HOHHTtfl HpaBCTBeHHOCTH, Fp'fcrB 

BeABTb Hacb Kb Bucmefl diEKb. ^TO TaKoe AodpOAbreu? IIpHpoAby — 
roBopHTb HaMi PeHaHT», — uivb HHsaKoro A^Jia ao i^'bJiOMyApui. JEyK- 
peipH GOBpeMeHHaro Mipa ^hctu orb oHTHa ne bi cnjiy co6cTBeHHoi 
Ao6poA'bTejiH, a fijiaroAapji noBopy MarAainnu. BjiaroTBopHTeibHocTb, 
ROTopyD i^epROBb lai'b npeBosHOCHTb, nopoawaerb, Rasb ^pH8Ha^p 
BciMH, MHoro 8Jia. Oaho cyn^ecTBOBame cobIgth, ROTopoll TaR'b rop- 
AHTGH Tenepb, HBjuHeTGH npHsnaROM'b Hamero HeopBepmeHHaro pad- 
BHTifl. CaMOOTpe^enie ecib mbtoa'b, ROTopuMi EeioB'bsb saAepasHBaerE 
co6cTBeHHufi nporpeccb, a GaMonosepiBOBaHie — nepesHTOKb Toro Bpe- 
MGHH, ROFAa AHRapb RajL'&qHJrb Ge6a, Ay^afl yroAHTb axHM'b oBoexy 
BAOJT^; caMonosepTBOBaHie — OTSByRi npeRJiOHemfl npeAB GTp^M^aHierb, 

ROTOpOe HBJIHeTCH TaRHMIb yacaCHiDrb ^aRTOpOMIb Vh HCTOpiH "leio- 



•) Ubepi BHAaJib— npoBancaJibCKlft rpytfaj^ypi XH BtKa. HtCROAKO 
HenoHJH'HO, no^eny HneHHO OcRapi* VuAjihffb BcnoMHHaerb ero. BiiAaxb Ty- 
jiyscKifi, KaRii roBopHrb Chcmoh;ih vb CBoefi HCTopiH npoBaacajibCKOfl JiHTepa- 

TypU, npOCJiaBHJICA ne CTOJIbKO n'&CHJIMH, CKOJIbKO aRCUeHTpfi^HOCTAMR VB 

ayx* puiiapa nenaJibHaro o5pa3a. „Hh oAHHb noarb,— roBopHTb Chcmohah, — 

He npOflBJMJI'b TaKHX-b flpRHXl npHBHaKOB'b 6e8yMij|. yBtpeHHUfl, HTO BC* 

;iaMU BJiK)6jieHU bi nero h hto ohi caMUft xpa6pufl puixapb, BH^aJEb ju- 
aajih co6oK> npoTOTHni JtoHi-RRXOTa Bi noaain. Ero yMopHrejibHbUi j[k>6ob- 
HUfl npHKJWHeHifl h HanumeHHUJi poAOMOHTa^u a'^&ab ero myroH'b CBoero 
BpeMCHH. Bo Bpeuena KpecTOBaro noxoAa» RoxopuMi npeABOABTOJibCTBOBajrb 
PH^apA'b JIbBHHoe CepAae, npiflTejiH yGt^iuni ero seHHTbca wb Rniipt 6yAT0 
6bL Ha anaTHOft rpeiaHsi^. Ci* rbxi nop'b BHAajib e^HTavb oe6a npereHAan- 
TOMi Ha npecTOJTb BHsaHTiH^. 



Bl nOHCEAXl 8A GMUCJIOM'B SH8HH. 97 

Bt^ecTBa*. nycTB iHTaxeiH BcnoMHarB cioaa 3nM0Ha JEenejerbe o 
Iloji Bepji3Hii. Mil cKopo tbhahm'b, ^to vb 6oj[biiiHHCTB'b CBOnrb 
KOMeAifl OcRapik yafijib^'B npoBOi^HjrB caMyio 6jiaroHairibpeHHyD, 
6yp2sya8HyH) MopajiB. 



Vse BojiBTep'B roBopnJi'B o reaTp'b, icaK'B o KaKOH'B-TO HXTeosaBpi, 
ROTopHfi sa^tM'B-To saTecajECA Bib name BpeMfl, sor^a OKpysaionufl 
ycioBiji coBepmeHHO hhbia, R±wh bo BpeMesa BOSHHSHOBeHla ero. Bi 
«$HJioco(j[)CKOirB cjioBapt», vh cxaibt «06iniee m4cto vb JiHTepaiypt* 
BojibTep'B BUciiiEBaerB TeaTpajiBHiifl nLecu, b'b KOxopux'B mosho sa- 
paHie yra^aTb He tojlbro pasBASRy, ho ;i;ase phbmh. Ecjih repoHHa 
roBopHTL HHCbM'b (lottre), TO B'b cjiiAyK)ni;eS CTpo^si uu, EOHeqHO> 
ysHaeMx, ^to oro Hyano nepeAaxb (remettre). <repoHHa He ycni- 
Baei-L npoflBHTb cbod TpeBory (alarmes), sas'b y hoh cefiqacB se nau- 
HaK)rB jiHTbCfl cjiesbi (larmes). B'b aHrjuficROM'b Tearpt XIX Btna 8to 
<o6mfie MicTO> j^ocxHrjio BepzoBTi HejitnocTH. He xojrbEO (j^HRCHpo- 

BaJIHCb «BflAU» A'bfiCTByE)II^IIXB JIHI^'By RaRX CRasaJTb* 6bl BOOJOrb, HO 

Aase BHlmHiS BHjTb ryb. FepoHHfl, RaR'b MaprapHxa B'b onepi^ Bcer^a 
etjiORypa. <Bad character^ Bcer^a pbiacift h nenpeuinHO Bbixo^Hrb 
vh sejrrbirb mTH6jKeTarb. Komhr'b — HenpeM'i^HHO tojictuS h HOcnrB 
naHTaiOHbi B'b 6oj[bnTHX'b RJiixRax'B h np. B'b AhfjiIh nei'fauocTb xpa- 
i^HipoHHaro xeaxpa AocxEXJia anorea; ho bi* sHa^HxejibHoS cxeneHH 
TO se canoe hu bhahmi na ROHTHHeHxi. CMepxb cxaparo xeaxpa 

RaSeXCH Tenepb HHOrHMX TaROfi O^OBHAHOfi HCTHHOft, ROTOpyiO E flfh 

Ra3UBaTb He^ero. nepeAi» flaicH HautHeHO j^sxe nbcROJibRO beaob'b 
BOspoasAeHHaro Teaxpa. Haifb AStiorb, HanpHMtpi, cnepna noApasame 
Toft MECxepiH FpeHryapa, ROTopoio B'b poHani Pioro 8a6aBJiEK)T'B na- 
pHsavb B'b cofiop'b BoroMaTepn, t. e. a6cTparHpoBaHHufi Teaip'B cb 
ajire6paEqecREHE BejiEqEHaHH BM'bcxo A'bflcxByK)n](Exi» jhujx. Hniie 
aBTopBi EAyrb eo^e Aasbme; ohh mhphtch yse He na Ao6poA'bTejiE c^h 
pycoft Rocofl, He Ha AoSpoA'bxeu BOo6iiie, RaR'b Fpenryap'b, a ne 
HHaqe, RaR'b na B'fa^Hurb ABHraTejiflXT> h na cHiax'b npHpoAU. Ha 
CD^eny buboaetch xonepb BpenE, Pojioa'b, CMepxb. y BpeMeHE «ro- 
jioBa 6oj[bmaE, ch orpouHofi, Rocuaxofi cxap^ecROK) 6opoAOK) e bojo- 
caME; B'b npo^EJib BE^eH'b 6oJibmofi cxporifi Hocb e naBEcmiE xox- 
HaxbiE 6poBE»« GoBc^ifb xaR'b, RaR'b na o6jioxR'b RajioHAapett, ho 
xoJibRO fied'b necoqnux'b qacoBT>. CMepxb, RaR'b BHaqExca vh peMapR'b 
Hbecbi, «RaHRaHHpye'rb». BpenE hootb ntcHio, B'b Roxopofl BucRasu- 
BaexcE He coBctn'b HOBas MEicjib o OesROHewocxH ero e o xou'b, 
^0 OHO A*JHXCE Ha roAH, MEHyxBi H ccRyHAH. HefijiaroAapHoe qe- 
lOB'bqecxBOI Ho^eMy xu saCujio «HHCTepiH) B'b XI-xe EBJieHiEX^» hoa'b 
HasBameirb «CpoAGTBO iiipoBbirb cEJi'b»? B'b aTOM'b npoEdBeAeniE y^a- 
cxByH)Tb C'bBepHufi Arbejeoh'b, Ho^Hue Hacu, HO?Haa XEnrEHa, sa- 
iKWb. OTAtai II. 7 



98 A I H £ 0. 

rpoOHufi Mip'B H o6mee co6paHie idpoBurB chjtb. Kpoiii Toro en^e 
SBidAa opj^eHC&aa, AynJio, noJUHoe co6paHie TBopemfi BeJiHKaro noara 
H Aase ajLbMaBHBa ero. K)SHufi yparan^ noerB: 

^H-ferb CHJit M-fepwl 
Htrb BtHHbix'b y3T»!** 

.floflayrb Macu Bct, 6e3T» HS-bsiTbsi, 

RO JIOHa BtHHOCTH. Ho JlHeMT> 

Btryr-b npH CBtrt naiuH 6paTbii, — 
BnoTbiiax-b mu iieiuieBHO 6peAeMi>'. 

dTO HHCKOJEBEO He XJJKQy ^iWb H'bCHfl hpeHBEH H3'B COBpeMeHHOll 

MHCTepin: cHpHinjia cMepib h Bsajia rojiyda. Bee na;^aerB, Bce py- 

niHTCfl H BCe pOJUHTCa BHOBB. 6e3HaHaJIbH0CTb, BiaTb MOJl! A*- 
TO^KH MOH--CeKyHji;O^KH, MHHyrO^KH, rOAO'IKH— 6e8EOHeHHOCTb, J,0^h 
MOa!» ABTOpX MHCTCpiH «CpOACTBO MipOBHX'b CHJI'b* — SescMepTHbifi 

jtHpeKTop'B npo6HpHofi najiaTKH KyabMa nexpoBH'i'b IIpyTKOB'L. 

OcKapii yafijib^'b HERorAa He nacaji'b aScTparHpoBaHHBix^ nbecB, 

HO OH'b CA^JiaJI'b HiCKOJIbKO nonUTOR'B H306pa8HTb SHSHb, KaROfi OHa 

HHKorfla He 6HBaerL. TaKOBtr ^Bipa hjih HHrMjiHCTH», «repiiiorHHa 
naAyaHCKafl» h <CajiOHeH». OcKapi yafijib;^^ ne jik)6hji'b ^euoRpaTiH, 
He BHaji'L H 6oHJ[Cfl ee. Ohi snaix xopomo totb Bbicmift Rpyrb, fb 
ROTopoH'b BpantajiCH, Eem.Bujs/kR'b ero h npesHpajrb. OcRap^ Yafijibj^B 
BHajT-B npo 6opb6y ofiofl^eHHbix'b; ho Q6'b ero OTHomeHlHrL rx neft 
jiy^me Bcero roBopHPL Rpaflne xapaRTepmift «coHerB rtb CBo6ofl4», ho- 

MtnteHHb[fl Bl cOopHHRt CTEXOB'B HSAaHUI 1881 T. 

„Not that i love thy children, whose dull eyes 

See nothing save their own unlovely wol, 

Whose minds Know nothing, nothing care to Know,— 

But that the roar of thy Damocracies, 

Thy reigns of Terror, thy great Anarchies, 

Mirror my wildest passions like the sea 

And give my rage a brother! — Liberty! 

For this sake only do thy dissonant cries 

Delight my discreet soul, else might all Kings 

By bloody Knout or treacherous cannonades 

Rob nations of their rights inviolate 

And i remain unmoved— and yet, and yet, 

These Christs that die upon the barricades, 

God Know it i am with them, in some things*. 

(t. e. a He jifo6jiJb tbohxi jojiTeS, ROxopnx'B Mpa^iHMe rjiaaa He bh- 
ji,STb HH^iero^ RpoMt CBoero co6cTBeHHaro HeH3ani;Haro ropa, a ynbi 
HH^ero He snaiorB h He xotht'b snaTb, — ho 6ynieBaHie tbohx'b jieMo- 
Rparifl, TBoe uapcTBo xeppopa h BeJLHRia anapxiH, RaRx Mope, oxpa- 
ataiorL moh HaH6oji4e j^hrIh crpacxH h fliaH)xi 6paxa Moeny Ctraen- 
cxBy. CBo6o;ia! Tojibro noaxoMy xboh necxpoSHHe bohjih npiaxHH Moeft 
ocxopoacHoft Haxypt. Hna^e a ne nomeBejibHyjica 6h, ^ase ecjiH 6u 



B'b nOHCKAX'L SA CMLIGJIOMI* Sa3Ha. 99 

Bct KopojiH OKpoBaBJieHHu&iH 6n^aMu HJH npeAaTBiibCKofi KaHOHaAOfi 
oTRflJiH y HapoAOB'B Hxi> HenpHROCHOBeHHBifl npaBa. II, oAsaKO, Bory 
u3BtcTH0, fl Koe B'B ^eMi> co^jBCTByK) dTUMi cTpacTOTepni^aM'B, no- 
ntdiJDinjiiWb Ha 6appHRaASixi>»)* 

PaHHflH APS'Ma Bn>pa jiBMeTCA HJij[K)CTpai;iefi ki» axony coHoiy. 
JIpoHcxoAUTL OHa Bi HameMi) oxe^ecTBt, ho aio Tasafl se coaep- 
ineHHO ^aHTacTHqocKafl Poccin, saKi npuMopcnan BoreMia vh IQeKC- 
nnpoBCKofi «3HMHefl CRa3Ki». Mu iiMl>eMi> ba^cb IHaJiJiepoBCKaro 
^fljiflnna II h .^OH-B-Kapjioca. ^njEHniiii — Mpa^Huft THpani, no- 
AOspHTOJiBHufi, Bi^HO TpeaeH^yn^Lfi aa cbok) SHSHb; ohi nocjiym- 
Hoe opyAie bi> pyKaxi KaMapHJbH. ^OH'L-KapjLoc'L — 6j[aropoAHUfi 
dHTysiacT'B, noHHMaioii^iS noaosenie a'^ji^ h npHCoeAHHHDUiiflcH 
noA'B HMeHCM'B cxyACHia AjieKctfl kx Mpa^HUM'B, secTOKHMii $a- 
HaTu^HbucL H 6e3noiuaAHLiMi> aaroBopn^uKaMi. M KorAa ^flunnn'B 
II naAaen. oti> pyKii y6iflij,u, ^OHi>-Kapjioc'L BCTynaexB Ha npe- 
cxoj[i» ci> mnpoKUMH njiaaaMH npeoOpaaoBaHia. Owb nepBiJU'L a^- 
jioMi oxnpaBJUiexi bi HarHaHie rjiaaapefi KaMapHJbH. II boxi> Boa^b 
en— seHOJ[io6HBufi^ yMHufi, Hafln^Hufl, GeaqecxHufi, cMijiuifi, oxjih^ho 
anaionj^ifi JHOA^fi? «prince Paul MaralolIski» — nepexoAuxi Kh aaro- 
. BopiUHKaifb. Ofli> y6tsAaex7> hxt*, qxo pe4)opM£i onacH'be xapa- 
hIh u ycxpaHBaox'L aaroBopi npoxuBi ^OHi-Kapjoca. Uo HHrHJiucxiea 
Btpa, Koxopofl nopy^eHO y6HXb ^OHi-Kapjioca, jioSHrb ero. OHa aa- 
KajuBaexcH caua h 8xhmx cnacaexT» ^oni-Kapjioca. Ilbeca hochxi 
coBepmeHHO cKaso^Hbifi xapaKxepi>. Box^, HaapHMtpi*, aacbAanie aa- 
roBopniHKOB'B. npoHcxoAHxi> OHO vh MockbI «Ha HepnaBofl, 99j» (axo 
<3nie Huqero: vh Apaift ecxb «npo$eccop'b Mapea», MyscKoro noja). 
«rpoMaAHBifi ^epAaKii, ocBtn^eHHufi KepocHHOBUifn .laicnaMH, bhch- 
ii^HMH CL noxojLKa, — roBopHxcji Bi peifapfii. — HtcKOJibKo aaMacKH- 
poBaHHUxi* JiH)Aefi MOJiHa cxoflxx vh HtsoxopoMi paacxoflHiH APyri» 
orb APyr^* HeJiOBtsii bi ajiofl nacKt nHmexi> y cxojia. ^Bepb na 
daAH6Mx njiant. Y hoe cxoHXb ci> o6Ha«eHHOfl maarofl (lejioBtK'b B'b 
sejixoM'b njiaii;t. PaaAaexcH cxyKi. BxoAflTi> aaMacKHpoBaHHbui h aa- 
ftyxaHHUH B'b uJian^H 4)Hrypu». 

IlpedctbdameAb, — Ilapojb? 

Hepebiii aazoeopWfUm. — Hafiaxi. 

nptdc7bdayncAb,—QTisjLVLS.i>'i 

BmopoU 3a^o^opt^uK^, — KaJiHXi). 

JIpedcfbdameAb — Koxopbitt qacb? 

Tpemiu 3a^o6opt^uK^. — Hac^ cxpaAUHia. 

IIpedcjhdjLmeAb, — KaKofl A©Hb? 

VeMsepmuii saioeopt^uKb. — ;T,eHb yrflexeaia. 

IIpedcihdameAb. — KaKofl roAb? 

IlRmuU 3aioeopiu,um. — roAi* aaAeacAW. 

IIpcdcihdameAb. — CsojibKO HaciV 

Illecnioii sazoeop^um. — /I,ecflTb, AOBHTb a xpa. 



1 



100 A I H E 0. 

IIpedcndaineAb. — Y TaJiJiHJieaHHHa 6ujlo MeHBme Jiro^^eft, ho offB^ 
saBoeBajTB iiip'L. Bi qeMi Hama MHCcifl? 

CeduwH aazoeopmum. — ^aTB CBo6o;^y. 

IIpedcTbdameAb. — Hamx chmbojix atpa? 

BocbMoU aazoeopWfUKt. — ynHiToaaTb. 

UpedciibdameAb. — Hann* jifljirb? 

J^eeHmuU aazoeopw^um. — IIoBHHOBaTBCJi. 

IlpedcibdauieAb. — Bpaibal Ha Bci Bonpocu Aan-B iipaBHJiBHufi ot- 
BiTL. Sa^cb, oqeBHAHO, tojbko HHrHJiHCTH. OTKpoflTe Jifli;a. (3at0' 
eopWfUKU cntLMawrm MacKu). IIpo^TH lUiHTBy, MHxaui'L. 

MuxaHA^. KjiHHeMCfl noAasjOLHTB bi* 0661 Bce ^ejOBiqecKoe; hh- 
Ror^a He jiioOhtb h He 6£itb jie)6hmum'b; HHsorAa He ^asaTB h He 
npoGHTB noniaAH; HHKorAa ne senHTBCH h ne bbixoahtb saMyxTB. Km- 
HeMCH HanocHTB Ho^K) yAapH KHHsajioM'B; cunaTB aai* bi* CTaRani; 
BOBCTaHOBjiHTB OTi^a upoTHB'L cuHa H cynpyra npoTBB'B seHH; kjui- 
HeMCfl, 9T0 fiesT* cTpaxa h fiesi HaAe»AH eyAeMi* CTpa^axB, ynH^TO- 

aaXB H MCTHTB* *). 

BorB npn KaKoirB ycjiroBiH HSfln^Hue acTeru homhphjihcb 6u c^ 
€3aroBopn(HEaHH»: noKJiOHHHEaM'B KpacoTU Heo6xoAHMH njianiH, icacRH 
H TaHHCTBeHHHe AiBJiorn! 

HaH6oj[ie shbum'l h ofiafliejiBHUM'B j^h asiopa thhom'b hb- 
jifleTCfl asofi reHifi HBecu, khabb IlaBejrB. «Jl,OH'B-Kapj[oc'B» jx^zxn 

Vb EBIJIKOM'B 06xflCHeHiH CL OTHjOM'B npeACKaSUBaeO^B rOCHOACTBO Jifi- 

MOKpaiiH. 8*6 EBponi. 

— JifiKia BBtpH B'B JlicaXl HMtrorB CBOH fiepJOrn, XHHtHHKH — 

CBOH Hopu; TojibKO Tio6ijijiTejLh Bcero Mipa — pyccKift HapoAi* — ne 
BHaerB r^t npeKJOHHTB roJioBy, — roBopHTB «JI,OH'B-Kapjioc'B» ffpaMH, 
napoAHpya SHaMeHHTua cjona THBeplfl FpaKxa. 

— Hto oh-b AyMaerB cKaaaiB? — HcnyraHHo men^erB khask) IlaBJiy 
«KopojiB ^MHnn-B.^— ^oBtpaeniB jih tu eny? TiopBMa ne HBit^Hja 
ero. CocjiaTB jih ero? Hjih ne ayqme jih? {Hmo-mo menHetm). Hmhc- 
paTopii naBejiTb cAiJiajn bto. EKaxepHHa lose nocxynHjia laK-B. no- 
qeMy mh* ne c^tJiaTB xoro ace? 

— Bame BejinqecTBo, — oxBtqaerB khhbb IlaBeji'B. — BesnoKoaxBca 
Heqero. IIphhi^'b, Koneqao, oqeHB ocxpoyHHBifi mojioaoS qejioBtsiB. Ohi^ 
yBtpaexT), qxo npeAan^ Hapony, a acHBex^ Me»Ay t^mx bo ^Bopi^*;. 
OHT) npoDOBtAyeTB coniajiHBM'B, a nojiyqaexi. xaKoe aajioBanie, qxo 
mo«ho npoKopMHXB HMii ii;tjiyK) o6jiacxB. npHAexi> BpoMH, H npHHq;B 
HaflAexx, qxo Jiyqmee Jieqenie oxb pecnyfijiHRancxBa — Kopona. H xor^a. 
OH'B HsptacexB CBofi KpacHLifi ({)pHrificKi4 KOJinaR'B na opAeHCRiH jen- 

TOqRH jyifl CBOHX-B MHHHCXpOB'B» **) Ho RHHSB HaBeJH* 0fflH6CH. KoX^a 

^oHi-KapjiocB BcxynaexT) na npecxoji'B, xo npesK^e Bcero BejiHxs^ 



*) Vera^ or the Nihilists, Act I. 
♦*) Act II. 



B'L nOHGKAXl 8A GMUCJI0H1» 2KR3HH. 101 

VMUZJO naBjy jfipaTbOfl sa rpaHHi^. H na CjBsafinieM'B sacbA&HiH 
BaroBopniHKOB'L npoHcxoAHrB TaRaa ci^eHa. 

— Vae tyrannis,— pa3;^aeTCiI napojiB. 

— Vae victis, — cjiHuiHTca otmhki. (BxoAarB BaMacMpoBaHHue 
saroBopniHKH h oepasyjorb noayKpynb). JIpedetbdameM. — KoxopBift. 
qacB? I'H saioeopWfUK'b. — ^acL HaaeceHia y^apa. IIpedcTbdameAb. — 
KaKoft ACHB? 2'ii aazoeopttium. — MapaxoBTb a^hb. IIpedcrbdameAb. — 
KaKOfl M'bcfliTB? 3'ii aazoeoputfum. — M'bcai^ cbo6oau. — M t. 4. Ho 
Rorj^a npeAcbA^TejiB saAaerB BonpocB: «HanrB chmbojtb vbpEi?>— to 
cjuniHrB nacMiniJHBBifi OTB'brB: 

— Partleu, monsieur le PresidentI HaKorAa a ae AJMajii, hto 
y BacB ecTB KaKofi-HH6yAB chmboji'b B^pul 

PasAaioTca BOCKJiai^aBia: «TyrB mnioai! danpaxe ABepal J[ojio1 
MacKBl CMepiB mnioBy!» H Korxa Hacsa caaTBi, to daroBopn^&a 
yaaaiorB Kaasa Haajia, nepaaro icaaacTpa a bosaa peaimioHBOlt 
napTia. Ha apocTaua BocsjiBi^aaia a aa yrposu ob'b xiaABOKpoBBO 
oratqaerB aacvbaiKoft. Oa^ aaajica cioAa, zaxh ToaapauiCB. 

Bubpa. Tarp'B ae MoserB asBfbaaTB cbod npapoAy; snia ae mo- 
serB ae aycaTB. KaRaiTB ace o6pa30irB eu CTaJia aaesanao ApyroMi 
aapoAa? 

KuHSb ^aeeA^, Mon Dien, non mademoisellel Mai fiojiBme no 
Aynrb djiocjioaaTB b'b rocTaaot, ^tai gtpobtb aaroaopu bi* noAaajrb. 
Ha npaAa^y, a TopuiTB ae Mory rpy6yio TOjny, otb aoropoB bo- 
aaePB qecaoaoirB a cKBepauM'B TafiasoM'B. Mai aeaBiBOcaMU JiDAa, 
BCTaioniie paao a aMtK)aiie o^Kh tojibso asi* OAaoro 6jiK)Aa. 

JIpedcfhdameAb. Hro ae B'B xaKoax cjiy^ai bh BBiarpaeTe, ecjra 
6yAerB peBOJiDi^ia? 

Kufiab IlaeeA^. — Mon ami, Mai aeqero fioJiBme TepaxBl HobhS 
i^apB OTopaaaJTB Meaa b'b asraaaie. Brbpa, B'B Ca6apB? Knnab liar 
eeA^. — H*rB, b'b HapaarB. Moa noMicTBa Koa^acKOBaHH. Meaa 
nporaajia b'b OTCTaaay a OTaajia noaapa. Y Meaa ocTajiacB tojbro 
opAeaa. fl 3a4cb ajm M^eaia. IIpedcfbdameM. — B'B TaaoBTB cjiyia'h 
b£i aMtoTe npaBO 6htb naniaa'B. Mbe Toae co6npaeMca sa^gb a^ 
Mnieaia. Kunab IlaeeA'b.-^B^wh, RoaeHao, Beo6xoABMB[ AGHBra. Ha- 
RTO, cTaaoBa^^iftca aaroaopmaROM'B, btb ae HMierB. BorB aaM'B. 
{Bpocaevm deubiu na cmoA^),.. Bh aaflAeTO bo mh*! jiyqmaro saa- 
TORa BGtrB 3JoynoTpe6jieBifl aaraero npaBBTejiBOTaa, noTOMy qxo a 
caM'B A^JiaJ*^ ax'B.— 3aroBopmaRH npaaaMaioTx B'B caoio GpeAy 6hb- 
maro nepaaro MaaacTpa, aoTopuft «RjiaBeTGa aa RaaacaJit». IIotom'b 
KaaBH) Haajiy AaiOT'B laTaTB yoTaa'B aarajiHGTOB'B. 

KHK3bIIaeeA% (uBTaePB) tHpaaa ^ejiOB-feqeGTBa!* B'B 6H;ioe apoMa 
iooAa cana AoduaajiB ce6t npaba B'B Teqeaie aadaa; TenepB ae 
RasAufl MJiaAoaeiTB p^a^aeTca g'b A6KJia«pauiefi npaa'B ao pTy, 6ojib- 
mefi, TbM% caM'B pe6eaoR'B. «IIpapoAa ae xpaM'B, a MacTepGRaa. Mbi 
TpefiyeM'B npaaa aa TpyA'B*. Hy, a oxotbo OTRaaajiGa 6h otb Moero 
npaaa b'b btom-b oTaomeaia, «CeMBa, RaR'B aacTaTyrB, noApuaaio^ifl 



102 il I H E 0. 

OCHOBH iicxnHHaro KOMMyHHaMaj—noA-^eacHTL yHHiToaeHiro*. ;^a, 
npeAci^aTeJib, CeaycJOBHO corjacent ct> djawb. Ccmm, b-b oco6eff- 
fiocTH HeaaKOHHaa, 6ojrBiiiafl o6y3a»I 

IIpHBejiy eme oany ^paay, h Tor;^a mokho 6y,TerB hokoh^htb cb 
;ipaM08. «Pe(|)opMH b-b PoccIh,— roBopHTB TOBapHm-B KEaaa IlaBJia 
CapoHx Pa^^T),— Ha^HHaiDTCfl Bcer;i;a Tpare;i;iflMH h Bcer^a KOHqarorcfl 
$apcoM'B» *). 

B'B ApaM* CajWMex, HaneiaraHHoft lenepB Bnepsfcie laE-B, Kaa-B 
ona BHffljia ufVh noj^'B nepa asTopa, mu HMteifB Jipyrofi npHM'hp'B 
npoHSBeAeHiff, HanncaHHaro no BHraenpeBeAeHHofi xeopin. CajiOMca 
BHeBanno saropaexcH cTpaciBiD k'b loanHy h xoienb noi^tjiOBaTB ero. 
HpeATeia npoMBHaerB ee. CajiOMea roBopHrb, qio noi^jyerB ero. 
CTpacTHOfi njiacKoS ona BHMajHBaerB y poCKaro xeipapxa paBptrae- 
Hie KaBHHTB loaHHa. «Py6H, py6H, HaaMaHxI— kph^htb ona najiaqy, 
cnycTHBffleMycfl B'B i^HciepHy.— Pyfin, roBopro a 16641.. ArB, qio-ro 
ynajio. fl cjiBiray, qxo-xo yna.io. 9xo Me^-B najaqa. Pafi'B 6oHxcaI 
Oh-b BLjpoHHJi'B CBoft MeiT)! Oh^ hc CM^ex^ yfiasaxB. 3xorB paO-B — 
xpycB. HyacHO nocjiaxB cojAaxiI.. Texpapx^! Texpapx-L! upBRaan 
CB0HM*B coJI;^axaM'B npHHecxH mh* rojoBy IoaHHa». H boxi paBTbapea- 
HoS CaioMei ^raroxi* cxpauiHuS xpo$efi. t^xo, loaHH^I Tbi ho xo- 
TijiT*, qxofiH a non,4j[OBaja Te6a. wh ryfiti? Hy, a hx-b noi^ijyro xe- 
nepB. fl HXT, yKymy 3y6aMH, KaK'B KycarorB cnijufl moa'b. JI|a, 
loaHH-B, a noi^tjiyK) xe6a B'B ry6BiI H xefit CKaaaja axo, ae xaa-B jh? 
a xeet cKaaajia! Hy, a non.'JjiyK) xenepB... Ilo^eMy xh ho rja- 
j^HinB na Meaa? Tu ne CoHraBca .m Mcaa, loaaH'B, qxo ae xoqeraB 
rjafl'hxB aa Meaa? He meBejiaxca 6ojiBrae XBofi asHK'B, KOxopHS, Kas'L 
Kpacaaa aiiia, acxoqa.i'B aji'B. TenepB axa Kpacaaa ra^roKa, H3.ia- 
BaBmaa aa Meaa aA'B, ae mcBejaxca 6oJLme. Cxpaaao, ae xaK'B jib? 
Ho^eMy He meBejiaxca 9xa Kpacaaa raAaaa?*. 



YI. 

Fep'^ozuHH Uad'yaHCKaH cocxaajiaeTB xpexB© ntecy, aanHcaaayH) 
no xoft xeopia acKyccxaa, Koxopyro ^opMyjiapoBajTB caM'B Ocaap'B^ 
yaflJIbj^•B. B'B MaScKOfl KaaacK'b Fortnightly Review noMimeaa JiioCo- 
nuxaaa cxaxBa Jl^soaa XajiBaaa o nbecax'B OcKapa YaSjiBi^a. ABXopi, 
iieacAy npoqaM-B, oxMtqaex'B o^ay xapaKxepayio qepxy. ♦KaK'B Apana- 
xyprB, YafljiBj^^ 6HJrB CKopte no^^paaaxejiB, i^wh oparaaajiBButt 
nacaxejiB. HoApaaaxejiBHaa cnoco6aocxB y OcKapa yafljBAa ;^ocTH- 
raaa no^xa reaiajiBaocxa. Oai yfl;HBHxejbH0 xobko 'lyscxBOBaj's 
qysofi cxBJB. H ecjia 6u OcKapi YafljBA'B aejiajTB, aa'B aero bbi- 
meji'B 6u reaiajibBufl no^paacaxejib, KaK'B ^axxepxoa'B- bjh Camo- 
BBAT****)- repD;orBBa HajiyaacKaa aBJiaexca jyqniBirB ;^0Ka3axeJIb- 

♦) Act lY 
♦*) Fortnightly Bedew, May, 1908, p. 793. 



FB nOHCEAXl 8A CMUGJIOM'B SH3HE. 103 

CTBOITB yjpiBHTejiBHOft noApaaRaTejDiLHofi cnoco6HocTH yaftjBAa. Abtop'l 
vb coBepmencTB'b OBAaAiJocB Manepot, ashkoitb h MipoBOBsp'i^HieM'L, 
TaRi HasuBaeMofi, EjiHaaBeTHHCROtt naeHAu ApaMaT7proBi> (t. e. Tott 
mKOJiu, BO oaB'b KOTopofl CTOHTT* IIIeRcnHpi). Jl^Jifl noATBepsAemji 

MH4 ffOCXaTOTOO npHBeCTH rtCKOJIBKO .cthxob'b: 

.Murder did you say? 
Murder is hungry, and still cries for more. 
And Death, his brother, is not satisfied, 
But walks the house, and will not go away, 
Unless he has a com rade!" 

(t. e. «Th roBopHmb oSt y6iflcTB4! YdiScTBo rojoffHo h Tpe6yerB 

eme soptb'b. CMepxB, 6parB ero, He y^oBJieTBopeHa. Ona CpoAHTB 

no ffOMy H He yfiaeTt ao rbTb nopi, noKy^a He Sy^e-FB HMtTb to- 
BapHii]ia»). 

COB(Awb HHHM'B ABJIHeTCH HaifB OCKap'L yafijBLBA'B B'B ROMeAlHX'B, 

HirbBHiHrB KOJioccajiBflBift ycnirB npn shbhh aBTopa ao 1895 r., 

CHHTBDCB nOTOM'B CO CI^eHU H B0306H0BJieHHBIX'B B'B HOCJl'^AHee BpOMfl: 

«B'bep'B jiejD(H yHHAepMHp^», «HeHHTepecHafl seHn](HHa>, <K06pa8i^o- 

BBlfi My2rB> H «BaaCH0CTB 6htB OTRpOBeHHBIM'Bi. JI^iaJIOrB B'B 9THrB 

ROHeAiarB csepRaerB. Kashas ci^eHa, RasABifi MOHOJorB ejieoKerB 
napa^ORcaiCH, oSjie^eHHuim B'B* yAHBHTejiBHyio $opMy. ^McTByioDijfl 
jiHi^a o^epqeHLi sejiHROJi'i^nHo, B'B oco6eHHOCTH aro othochtch r'b 
€BapiaHTairB» RHHSfl IlaBJia, RaR'B jiop^'B HjiJiHHryoprB (B'B A Woman 
of no importance). OcRap'B YafljiBfl'B BHBo;i;HrB totb Mip-B, b-b roto- 
poiTB Bpamajicfl Bce BpeMJi, t. e. Bucmyio po;];oBHTy]o apncTORpaTiio. 
HacROJiBRO cpoAHie RjiaccBi B'B AnrjiiH coxpaHHjiH en^e Bcei^tJio Ty 
dHepriD H CHJiy, RaRoft b6jiaAaj[H 250 jrbrB TOMy HaaaA'B, Ror^a snep- 
Bue novbpflJiHGB npn MopcTOHB-Myp'b ci BoficRaMH Rapjia I, Ha- 
cTOJiBRo se cxapafl THTyjioBaHHafl apHCTORpaxiji Bupo^HJiacB. R'B 
cqacTBD j^A anoH^aH'B, ona He MOserB lenepB HrpaxB BasHott pojiH 
B'B HcxopiH cxpaHu. JTopAU. HMena rotopbctb cBHsaHU cb nayRoft, 
CB nojiHTHHecROlt HJiH npoMUHLieHHoft SH3HBJ0 CTpaHu^ sa CaMUMH 

HHTrOSHHMH HCRjnDqeHlHMH, UOOhie nspu, nOAHHBmiOCfl H81> pHAOB'B 

cpeAHHX'B RjiaccoB'B. PoAOBHTue JiopABi, HMena rotopbix'b ^nrypHpyiOTB 
B'B meRcnHpoBCKHX'B xpoHHRax'B, 6ojiBmeK) qacTBK), ecjm noHBJUiH)TCfl 
nepoA'B nyOjmKofi, to tojibro RaR'B repon Hes'bpoflTHO cRaHAajEBHUx'B 
npoi^eccoB'B. TaROB'B, nanp., He^aBHO cRonqaBmificH jiopzrB AnrjiedH, 
ROTopHfl 6ujk'b tShbh) OcRapa YafljiBfla. H B'B btot-b Mip-B caMO^o- 
BOJEBHBiTB TyHHi^ H AGreHepaTOBi* cy!i:B6a 6pocHJia 6jiecTHni;aro, 
BucoRorajiaHTJHBaro xy^osHHRal He cMoxpn na anojioriH) «rp'bxa», 
ROTopyK) HHcaji'B OcRap'B YaftjiBA'B; ne cMOxpH na to, ^xo B'B ocxpo- 
yMHOiTB o^epR-h, oaarJcaBjieHHOM'B «Pen, Pencil and Poison» (Ilepo, 
RapaHAanrB h hab)> oh'b jik)6obho nHmexi» 6iorpa(|)iH) H'bRoero Tonaca 
rpH$pHxa yafiHbiopaflxa (Wainewright), ROxopHfi HHcaji'B jiioGonBrr- 

HB[H CXaXBH, pHCOBaj'B H 6hJI'B CHte OXpaBHTBJieM'B, — B'B ROMeAiaxB 

CBOHXi aBXopi Be Frofundis flBjiflexca samHXHHROM'B CypacyasHofl 



1 



104 A I H £ 0. 

MopajiH. TaKTb, HanpHMip-B, b-b KOMCAiH <A Womau of no importance > 
Mipy, saKOHOAaTejierB KOToparo aBJiaexca jiopA'B HjiJiHHryoprB, npo- 
THBonociaBjifleTCfl MOJOAaa aMepHKaHKa mhccb dcTepi* yopcjm, HSJia- 
raBontaa KOAescB nypHTancKofi MopajiH. Mh Bimjim> sjijkch senniHH'B, 
Tpe6y£)iiiHX'L, qT06u cb hhmh o6pan^ajiHCB, RaKii cb p^akoS h n;bH- 
Hofi Hrpymsofi. ^KjijdBJihwaS, Mys^HHa, — roBopHTB cBtxcRafl AS'Ma 

MHCCHCB 0jIJI0h6h, — AOJIXeHX rOBOpHTB CB HaMH, Kaft-B CB fiOMHailH, 

H o6pan(aTBCfl, saRii cb MaJieHBKHMn aItbmh. Ohi^ jo^oJiseH'B OTKaan- 

BaTB HaM-B BO BC*XT» CepBeBKHX-B npOCBSaXl H OfiflBaH-B OXOTHO HC- 

nojiHjiTB Kaa;iyK) npn^y^y. Oh-b ji;oji»eH'B noomipaTB bx nacB KanpH3H ii 
sanpemaTB naifB um'^tb mhccIh. Owl ji,osmewh CKasaxB BcerAa 6oj[Bme, 
^iMi qyBCTByerB, h nocioaHHO qyBCTBOBaxB 6ojiBffle Toro, ^to roBO- 
pHTB*. tJIddu XeHcmoumom, — Ho EaKi owb MO»erB 0J^H0BpeMeHH0 
fl-fejiaTB H TO H Apyroe? Muceue^ Ojuioh6u. — H;^eaJIBHBIft Mya^HHa 
EHKOFAa He AOJiseH'B yxasHBaxB sa nfijTEuii xopomeHBKHMH senniH- 
HaMH. 3x0 noKaeuBajio 6u, ^^xo y nero nirb Bsyca, hjih BHymHJio 6ei 
jipyiHM'B MHCJB, qxo y Hero cjihiukom'b mhoxo BKyca, h x. ;^. *). H 
BOTB BucxynaexB MOJiOAafl nypHxansa. «Mu nnxaeMca nocxponxB 
3KM8HB Ha lyqnieM'B, 6ojr4e cnpaBeAJiHBOM'B h qncxoMi ^yHAaMenxt, 
vbwh TOTby Ha KoxopoM-B ^epsHxca SH8HB 3fl;icB. Bee 8X0 Kaaexca 
BaM*B cxpaHHBOTB, HO TS,Kb JH? Bh bc4, aHrjiflcKie fiora^H, He anaexe cmh- 
cjia »HdHH. H KaK'B B£i Mosexo 3HaxB? Bh HsroHflexe hs^ csoefl cpejqj 

BChx-B KpOXKHX-B H flOfipHTB. BbI TJiyMHXeCB Haft'B OpOCXfilMH H ^HCXBIMH. 

Bet BH aHBexe na eqexi Apyrnx-B, h npn noMoni;H qyaoro xpy^a. 
H, xtM'B He Mente, bh cBftexecB najo^'B caMonosepxBOBameM'B. Ecjiu 
BH HiBHpaexe xjiiSx fiiAHJiKaM-B, xo xojibko ajjui xoro, qxo6H ycno- 

EOHXB ETh Ha BpCMH. He CMOXpH Ha fijieCR-B, Ha JlK)60BB E-B HCKyCCXBy 

H Ha Bee 6oraxcxBO,— bh ne yMiexe aaxB. Bh He noAOsptBaexe Aase, 
qxo He yMtexe khxb. Bh jiBoSnxe xojibko xaayH) Epacoxy, koxo- 
pyjBO M03KH0 BHA^xB H xpoHyxB pyKaMH; xaRyio Epaeoxy, Koxopyio 
Moano paspymnxB. H bh paapymaexe ee. Bh HHqero ne 3Haexe o 
BHcmefl Epacoxi ohshh. Bh yxepnjiH KJiroq'B e^ neft. 01 Banie an- 
rjiificEoe o6^^eexBO saaexcH Mffb nycxHM'B, aroHCxnqHHM'B, nynKnfB. 
Oho 3aEpHJio rjia8a h saxEnyjio ce6t yniH. Oho HanoMHHaex7» npo- 
EaKOHHaro, BHpnaeHHaro bx nypnypx. OfiniecxBO Bame chahx^, KaETb 
xpynx, KoxopHfl bhbojioxhjib. Bee oho jio»ho». MoaoAOft nypHxaHK* 
roBopaxib jiopA* FenpH YaeTOH*, Eoxopnfl XBajHjiB ee. «JIopA'B 
FenpH yaexoH-B? — oxniqaerB Bcxepi*, — a. BcnoMHHaBo ero, jibah Xen- 
cxanxoHi. ^eJiOBts'B o'b oxBpaxHxejiBHofi yjiHfiEofl h oxBpaxHxejBHiDfB 
nponuiBiM'B. Ero npHrjianiaE)Xii BcioAy. Besi Hero ne o6xoahxch hh 
OAHH'B o64a^. a x4 aennuiHH, EoxopHXi oht* norygHJTB? Orb hhx^ 
oxBepnyjiHCB. nnxi* HHEOXAa ne roBopax-B. BexpixHBi hx-b na 
yjiHi^t, BH oxBopaqHBaexecB. ^ ne oicaArbio o moM^, \mo ourb waxo- 
3anu, Ilycmb Kootcdan cozpThiuuewoH ofceninuua 6ydeni% naKa- 



•) A Woman of no importance, Act II. 



Bl> nOHCKAXl 8A GMBICJIOirB SH8HH. 105 

Sana, dmo enpaeedAueo. Ho no?6My CTpa^aiorB toibro ojs,wb owh? 
EcjiH MyawHHa h aeHmHHa corp*fflHjiH, nycTb Hxt o6oiiTb Hsro- 
ESTb wh nycTUHK), ^To6u ohh xaMii J[K)6hj[h hjih HOHafiH^JiH ApyrB 
Apyra. Cji'^AyeTB saoettMHTb o6ohx'b. Sa^'birB se HaRjaABiBaTB 
neqaTB Ha semi^HHy, a Bfys^iiHy HsfiasjATB opb HaRasaHui? He cjrb- 
^erB HM'bTB OAHHi» saKOHi ma Mys^HHU, a ApyroS jifia senmHEU. 
Bu vh AHrjiiH He cnpaBOAJiUBBi Kb seniDtHHaM'B. A ao Tbvh nopii, 
noKyAa bu npoH^aeTe MysqHHi npocTynos'B, sa ROTopufi ocyaKAaexe 
aenmHEy,— OTB BamHXi rjiasi 6yfliyrB CRpuTu HpaBfla, BTorB oraen- 
HBifl cTOJi&B, H HenpaBAa— BTOTB CTOjO'B o6jia^HHfi». TaRie MOHOjorH 
^acTO npoHSHOCflrB b'b aHrjiificRHX'B ma6jioHHuxi nbecaxi jifi6pojsjb- 
TejBHue repoH u repoHHH B'B 6'bJLOJs.j^UTb napHRaxi. H'^crojibro 
GTpaHHO TOJBRO BcxptTHTB TpefiosaHie, 'iTo6u «corp'binHBmafl» sen- 
mHHa 6uja EaRasaHa, B'B HBeci, BUineAniefl hb'b hoa'b nepa aBXopa, 
ROTopufl nanHcas'B «Iatentions> h «The Soul of Manl» B'B ROMejpH 
«B'bep'B j[dAH yEHAepMHpx» mu oeetb bhaeh'b OTCiaEBaEie ROAORca 
MopaiH, npoTEB'B ROToparo Aasce cyposas Mrs Grundy EEqero se 
MoaceTB BOdpasHTB. To se canoe hh bhahitb b'b uTijifiBJibuowb 
Cyiipyrb> e b'b caMofi Jiyqmefi ROMeAin OcRapa yaSjBAa b'b «The 
Importand of Being Earnest*. ][xowb XdERHE'B, aBTop'B ynoMEHyrolt 
yae cTaiBB B'B«Fortnightly Review*, AaerB jirofionHTBoe o6'BflCHeBie 
BTOrO flBJDteElH. «B'B AiflCTBHTCJIBHOCTE, OcRap'B YafljiBA^ EpesHpajTB 
TeaipTb, — roBopBTB XdHRHH'B. — Oe'b 6mji'b npHpoKACEEHfl ApaMaiyprB 

B'B TOM'B CMHCJI'b, ^TO oOJiaAaJI'B HiROTOpBIME I^EEBUIH XaJiaETaME, 

Beo6xoAHMBiMH aBTopy, nnmynieMy jifis. cn,eEH. Ho YafijiBA'B cxaJi-B 
ApaiiaxyproM'B bo no yfi-iaAeBiH), RaR-B H6ceE'B bjih BepBapA'B Hloy. 
HeceB-B nacai'B xeaxpajiBBBia ;iBecH Be noTOMy, qio arorB poA'B 
jiETepaTypH onjia^HBajiCE B'B H^pBeriH o^cbb xopomo. HanpoxHB'B, 
HBecH onjia^HBajiHCB njoxo. HeceffB nHcaji'B ApaMH noTony, tto aia 
$opMa senpeoAOJiHMO BJieRJia ero. BepBapA'B Hloy nHmerB nBecu 
noTOMy, ^TO c^ETaeTB ci^eny caMOtt Jiy^meft RaeeApoft. OxBonieEie 
YafijiBAa r-b c^eE•h coBcbM-B hboo, — npoAOjaaerB JI,aoH'B Xbhrhe'b. — 
•OE'B oxRpoBeBEO npH3EaBaJica, qxo nanierB ^ajib pwHRa*. YaftjiBA'B 
nncajTB KOMOAiH, noxoMy ^xo 3a axo nja^EJiE o^ohb xopomo. Bea'B 
coME*Bia, OE'B BRjiaAHBaji'B B'B CBOH npoESBeAefliE nacxEi^y cBoero a. 
HcxHHBHfi xajiaBxi EBaqe ne Moacexx. Ho BEROXAa ente xyAoacHBR'B 
ct xajiaExoM-B xaRoro RajiH6pa, RaR'B y OcRapa YafijiBAa, Be BRjia- 
ABiBaji'B B'B OBOE npoBSBeAeBlfl xaRT) MajLO CBoero h. KoMOAiH YafijEBAa 
mjiH EaBcxpt^y sanpocaM'B puBRa... YaftjiBA'B nmtuji-h pocRoniB, a ee 
Eej[B3fl EirbxB AapoifB. II ecjin xyAOSBERi xejiaex'B BeMeAJieHBo no- 
jiy^HXB 6ojiBfflofi AOxoA'B, OMy oGfiiRHOBeBBO npBxoAHXCE nocxynBXBca 
MBorBM'B. H YaftjiBA'B nocxyiiHJiCE. Oe'b npHCMOxp*JiCE r-b xoMy, sa 
RaRoft xoBap'B njiaxErB AenBrn APyrHM'B ApaMaxyprawT, c-b npespi- 
BieM-B, xoxa BEHMaxeJiBBO H3yqHJi'B xoBapB, . noHEJi'B coRpeTB ero 
$a6pHRaipE E EsroxoBHJi'B no o6pa3n;y. EAnacxBeBBaa nBeca, Bann- 
►caBBaa no j6'ksiji,Qm}o—Ca/ioMeH; bo ee EMeHEo OcRap'B YaftjiBA'B Ea- 



106 ji; I H E 0. 

HHcaJTB He jpa ci^eHH. Kor^a oh-b paSoTaji'B Haji;^ nBecoS, to He 
sHaji'B, dy^eTb jih oHa KorAa-jiH6o noGTaBiteHa. Ho Eor^a Capa 
Bepnap'B myTJiBBO pasx cupocHJia OcKapa YafijiBAa, no^eny ohi» ho 
HanHfflerB AJ-a nea nBecy,— noBTB nocaiaji'B efi CaAOMeTo *). B-b axoft 
nBeci TajiaHTB YafljiBAa paaaepHyjiCH cbo6owo. ABiop-B nncaJL'B, 
^to6h AocTaBHTB HaciaaK^eHie ce6i, a He aHTpenpenepy. Botb' no- 
^eMy CaA0M€H—3ijmadiJi ^jpana YafijiB^^a. Bt EOweAiH The Importance 
of Being Eaamest Tose vh SHa^HTeJiBHofi cxeneHH OTpasHJCfl Teime- 
paMCHrB OcKapa YafijiBjua; ho K0Me;^ia oTa — ^tojibko inyTEa, xoxa no- 
pasHTdJiBHO KpacHBaa. BnpoqeM'B, cy^fl no bg^mx AaHHsncB, OcKap'B 
YafijiBfl-B H K-B BTOMy A*THmy OTHOCHJica TaKTb se npespHTejiBHO, 
Kas'B H R'B ocTaj[BHHM^ KOMB^HH'B... Jl^a, YafiJiBAi npesHpajTB ApaAcy 
Boo6ni;e h ona OTOMCTHjra sa ce6ji, — roBopHTB JI^aoHi Xbhehh-b. — 
npn ero Tajianrb nHcaxB j^iajiorB; npH ero yMims o^ep^HBaxB xa- 
paKTepH n yj^HBHxejiBHoirB nonnManiH Gii,eHH, — Ocsap^B YafijiBA'B 
MOi% 6u cTaTB saMi^aTejibHBEH'B ;ipaMaTypro]rB, ecjiH 6u OTHeccA 
GepBesHO R'B pafiorh; ho oh-b ne xorhji'B axoro. H bi pesyjiBTari 
cjitAyK)n;ee. Bi Bia'B B[6ceHa, TaynTMaHa, CxpHH^^fiepra h Bpie — 
YafijiBj^ AOBOJLBcxBOBajicH Tbwbj ^xo nncaji'B KOMBAiH, KaK'B Gap^y, h 
AynajTB, KaK'B JI^K)Ma-CHH%. YafijiB;^ bsajtb ci^eny b'b xaKOM'B BHii:^, 
BT) KaBOifB Haniej!!) ee h nHcaji'B tojbko €Xjr&6HHfl nBecH». He no- 
CJI4;^Hifi rpix'B aHTjiflcKaro xeaxpa K0Hii,a nponuaro Btaa xo, hxo 
AJiH apKaro xajianxa YafijiB^a He.namjrocB npHMiHemji. TajianxB 
8X0X1 pacxpa^HBajiGfl juapoM-B^ **). 



VII. . 

UI'bjiBK) Moeio He 6hj[0 roBopHXB o npoHSBOAeHiflX'B OcRapa YattJiBAa 
BOo6n^e. Mnt xox^jocb xojibko yKasaxB Ha ncKanLi hicb ^GMucjca 

SE3HH>. BHCOROXaJiaHXJIHBUfi aBXOp'B npHmej'B R'B Hpa^mBUfB bubo- 

^jjaMi, xaKB KaK'B b'b nepBHX'B se npoHSBeAemflX'B gbohx'b oxBepHyjcA 
oxi SH8HH H cosAajti cefi*]^ BMicxo Hen npnspaK'B. OahoS hs'b npH- 
qiiH-B, no^eMy OcKapx YafijiB^'B cj^ijiaj'B axo, nyano oqnxaxB nenpieM- 
jieMocxB AJ-a GKOJiBKO-HHfiyj^B qyBGTBHxejiBHaro qejiOB-hKa xofi «reorpa- 
^H^ecKofi cpeAH», B'B KoxopyBD cyAB6a noGxaBHJia BucoKoxajianxjiH- 
Baro xyAOSHHKa. Hxo6b[ shshb npiodp-bjia gmucji'b ajui hhahbhah^^i 



;; •) Salom6 HaiHcana no $paHiiy3KH B'B 1891 r.— roBopnrB HB^aTejiB nep- 
Baro nojinaro co6paHifl cdHHeHift OcKapa YafijibAa- Capa Bepnapi* se- 
jiajia nocTaBHTB nbecy bb 1892 r. B'B JIoHj^oH'b; ho TeaTpajiBHBift i;eH3opi» 
He jy^zjvh pasptmeHiH. CcuiOMesi^ nodTOMy, noaBHjiacb Bnepsue na dxeH'b vi> 
1896 r. BB XlapHxcb, B'B Theatre de TOeuvre. B'B AHrjiiH bosmosho 6hUL0 ao 
CHX'B nop-B nocxaBHTB HBecy tojibko na lacrnoft cJiQwh (Stage Society), 
Ha npeAcraBJieHLH; ycTp^HsaeMUA dTHM'B o6ii:(ecTBOM'B, AonycKaDTca tojlbko 
HJienu. BHJQLeTu Tor^a ee npo^aioTCA bb Racct. 

♦*) «St. John Hankin».The Collected Plays of Oscar Wilde. cFortnlghtly 
Review*, May, 1908, p. 801—802. 



Vb nOHGRAX'B 3iL CMHCJOlfB aCH3HH. 107 

Heo6xoflHMa najiHiHOCTB ]ifijxT> ycjioBifi: ;i;oji«Ha 6htb HHj^HBHjiyajiB- 
HocTb, a sarfeMt BosMoanocTB npoflBHTb ee. «Kor;ia a roBopro oC-b 

HH^HBHflyajIBHOCTH, TO HMtK) B'B BllJiJ He TOJIBKO 3O0JI0rHieCKyK) OCO- 

ficHHOCTB, HMeHyenyH) TajiaHTOM'B. HHAHBH;^yaJ^BHOCTBK) 6yfl;erB jio- 

6HMtlft aCHBOfl TpyAT., B'B KOTOpHft ^eJOBififB MOacerB BJIOSHTB CBOe H. 

HeJOBiK'B, He HMiromiS rpy^a, KOTopBitt ero Bcei^ijio .saxBaxHBaerB, 
6yj^erB hjih npoKJiHHaTB CBoe cyn^ecTBOBanie, hjh HCFcaTB bhxoj^'b. 
B'B 8Kcii;eccax'B (nanp., BpoTH^ecRHX'B). TepMHVB «MiniaHnH'B» o^ohb 
HeyAaqeffB; ho, KOHe^Ho, caMBift BaacHBrfi npnanaK^, oTjin^aromift' 
«]rbniaHHHa» otb «He HinxaHBHa» tot'b, ^to o;^hfb jsjbjLdbeTh bch) 
aH3HB| pa6oTy, Koxopyro npoKjHflaerB, lor^a KaK-B ApyroA HaxoJ^H•PB 
SHBoe AiJLo, aaxBaTHBaromee ero Bcero. B'B stom-b OTHomemH 
repoft HarayMiBfflaro poMaHa r. ApnjHfiameBa THnn^HBifi irtmaHHH'B, 
TaK-B EtaK'B, 6yAyHH nncbMOBOjtHTejieM'B, BpHfl;^ jh MoaerB bjokhtb 

CBOe S, BBipaSHTB CBOK) HHfljHBHJiyaJIBHOCTB B'B Tpyflj*. Ho OflHOtt HH^H- 

BBAyajiBHOCTH Majio, ^to6bi »h3Hb npio6pi^jia cMBicjrB. HeoSxoAHMa 

HaiH^HOCTB XaKHXTb BHiniH3XX yCJIOBifi, ^TOCbI HH^^HBH^iyyM'B HMtjI'B 
BOSMOffiHOCTB IipOBBHTB CBOK) HHAHBHffyajrbHOCTB. JI^pyrHMH CJOBaMH, 
He06X0AHMa HajIH^HOCTB TaKHXT» nOJIHTH^eCKHX'B H COI^aJIBHBrX'B ycjio- 

Bifl, npH ttOTopHXx HHffHBHAyajiBHOCTB HO ffyniHJiacB 6h. H mbi npH- 
xo^HM-B cHOBa B'B ciapoMy Bonpocy, otb KOToparo nanpacHo cxa- 
paeTCfl HacB OTOfljBHHyrB Meia^HSHKa. JlrofiojinTHO, ^to y coBpeMen- 
HHX'B 6ejijr6TpHCT0B'B, AOB;adUBaH)niHX'B HenpieflfjieHOCTB iKhshh Boo6nte, 

MOSCHO HafiTH TOJBBO $aETB[, A0Ra3BIBaK)II(ie HenpiOMJieMOGTB pyCCKOH 

SH3HH. Bo3BMy Hay;i;aqy HboROJiBKO BBiAepaseR'B hs'b Bxoporo xoMa 
pascRasoB-B r. CeprteBa-I]|eHCRaro. ^B-b o$HB[epcEOM'B codpaniH 
arpajiH B'B «;^ypaRa cb HanojeoHOMTb*. Bhjio neTBipHafflaxB panrdB'B 
AypaRa. hhtb roj^h'b Hanojieona h HanojieoH'B. Hrpajia RaHii;ejiflpiA 
noJiRa: saB^Ayion^ifl xoBflficxBOifB, Rasnaqefi, ABa aA'BK)xaHxa. HysHO 
Sbtjo J^BafflaxB pas'B ocxaBHXB j^ypaROM'B Rp^o■HH6y;^B ofl;Horo. 3xotb 
o;^HffB cxaHOBBJCH HanojeoHOM'B. CA^JiaxB 3xo 6hjio TpyOTo: HaqajiH 
HrpaxB B'B ccHxaSpi, xenepB meiL-h ffeaaSpB, — ne mooh rohhhxb*. 
OnHcanie xaRofi shshh nponsBOAnxi. na qejiOB'ikRa, SHByn^aro bt> 
AhtjiIh, Cojiie cxpamnoe Bne^axJiinie, ^'bwh yacacH ;i;aHXOBCRaro aj^a. 
9x0 — RJuoq'B R-B noHHMaHiro xaRHX'B xhhob'b, RaR-B Ba6aeB'B. Hjih 
Box^ en^e Bu;];epsRa. «Ka3apMa Gujia orpoMHan, ORHacxan, — xucaqa 
ajji^ovh Hajii'B rojroBofi. B'B xojictblh cx^hh BcocajiocB nacHJiie, h ^y- 
AHJOCB, ^xo 8X0 oho BHcxynaexi na mxyRaxypR* B'B nnxnaxTb nai- 
ceHH». Hjih boxt> enxe. «Ka3ajiocB, qxo 9x0 apRie rphrh BpsisajiHCB 
B'B ORHa JiaBOK'B, a He xa»ejiHe RanHH. 3BeH'fejiH ocrojrh cxoroji'b, 

OCKinafl MOGXOBHH. nBHHHB A03R;i;B OCROJIROB'B, 6e3'B ROXOparO HO 

MHCJiHMa xojina. Tojina — HBSHa, axo ea npaso — 6hxb nBHHofi ox^ 
sanaxa MHoscecxBa t^jtb... A ho^bio saxjiecxHyjio Aona ORpaHH'B, 
HoqBso HacHJiOBajiH H AjniHJiH senniHH'B, Hd^'i^BaJTHCb na^'B a'^xbmh, 
pfeajiH BspocjiBix'B. HoHB fiBua MarRaa h rycxaa, h B'B nee hprhmh 
BHTsaraMH BpuBajincB OAHHORie rphrh, posc^eHHue rjiasaHH 6jiH3R0fi. 



108 ;^ I H E 0. 

*cMepTH. TpeBo»Ho xjionajiH Bucip'biiH to sjijbch, to TaM'B, h co6aKH 
j[&fljiH H BiuH jiajieRifl, HO Kasasinuicfl 6j[H3khmh, 6ijiBiMH bi tcm- 
HOT*, KaKx orHH (J)OHapeft Ha mocce, ho%k)» *). Moano M hojuhh- 
MaTJb BonpocB «cMucjii sh3HH> npH HajiHHHOCTH Tasofl reorpa^H- 
^ecKofi cpeflju? 

SI nosBOJK) ce6i eoh^htb cTaTbK) oahhm'b cpaBHemeMi. Kor^a 

B03HHKaerL CTapufi H B^^HO HOBHA BOnpOCL O CMHCJ!* SHSHH, Mffb 

npe^cTaBjuieTCH noisA'B, CTpeMHTeiBHO M^amifica BnepeA^. Bo Bctxi 
BaroHaxi» TeuHO. IlaccaacHpu, sanepTHe B'l Baronaxi, AonoAJtHHHO 
BHarorL, ^to r^t-TO Bnepejpr paspymeH'b moctb h hto bocb notej?^ 

paHO HJIH n03KH0, B'L KaSOfi HMeHHO ICOMeHT^ HeH3B*CTH0, HOJeTHTl 

vh cTpamHjK) nponacTB. Bet, Kpovb nBAHux'B h desyMHux'B, snaDrB, 

HTO OCTanOBHTB noiBfll'b HirB HHKaKOft B08M0»HOCTH. Ho He BC4 

naccasHpu o^HaRO pearnpyDrB na cosHame neMHHyeMaro. B'L nep- 
BOMi BaroH* KpoMimHafl TBMa. BodAyxnb jAyniJiHB'L h cneprb. Ilacca- 
acHpH noTepHjiH pasynrb orb yisaca. Oahh 8a6HJiHCB hoa'b AHsaHu h 
Kaacjijoe MrHOBenie BudftYntt crpaniHoe naAeme nois^a b'l nponacTb. 

Bl OT^aflHlH OHH B8BIBaE)TT> Kh ManiHHHCTy, ROTOpufi fiy^TO 6u SeAOTB 

no*3;^, xoTfl y HHxi H*T% HHKaKoro AOKasaTejiLCTBa, hto btotb 
ManiHHHCTB cyn^ecTsyeTB. Ohh aohojiijihhho snaiorB, ^to BnepeAH npo- 
nacTB, h ^to noisA'B cTpeMHTejBHO neceTCH r'b nefi. H naccaacnpu 
orB ysaca noTepfljiH BCflKoe neJOBiqecRoe aoctohhctbo. Oahh na- 
nHJTHCB H BOiorB, RaR'L sB^pH. JI,pyrie cTapaK)TCH xotb na HrHOBeme 
yflTH OPL coBHaHUi rH6ej[H b'l HepsROMii BOscAejiiHiH H Bi> rpy6oirB 
cjMWOCTpacTiH. HflHe ctpodtb 6e3yMHHfl ranoTesH na cqerb Mamn- 
HHCTa. B'L APFOM'L BaroH* TaKofi »e icpaR'L h TaRaji se yAymjiHBafl 
aTiroc^epa. Ho TairL ysacoB'B en];e 6ojiBnie. HicROJiBRO naccasHpoB'B, 
Han^ynaB'B b'l tomhot* CL^CTHHe npHnacu, 8a6pajiH hxi 066*. 3th 
naccasHpH Bu6paj[H ce6* canoe Jiy^mee OTA^JieHie b'l saroH*, yAo6- 
Hoe H Teiuioe. OcTajiBHue naccasHpu o6pan](eH£i wh paOoBi*. M no- 
jioaceHie hxte, e^^e ropme ox's Toro, ^to norepaJiH cBoe canoe J^opo- 
rue— ^ejiOBiiecRoe aoctohhctbo. Bi* TpeTbOM'B Baron* ohhtb iipaR'B 
H onflTB OTqaflHBe. H TyrB b'l tomhot* cJinmaTca Apoaca^^ie opb 
CTpaxa rojoca- tSaqiMT* HaMi AynaxB o A*ficTBHTejiBHocTH? Hame 
BOo6paseHie pa6oTaerB. CoBAa^HMi xe ce6* icucjieHHufl Mlp'B/noji- 
Hufi coJiHua, Tenjia h npRnxx RpacoK'B. B'L Hero mu yfiA^iTB otib 
CTpamnofi A*ficTBHTejiBHOCTH». H Aposan^ie ot'b CTpaxa naccaasHpu, 

rOBOpHHUe 8X0, SafiUBaJDT'B, ^TO RT0*Hn6yAB AOJISeH'B HX'B ROpMHTB 
B'L TO BpeMH, RaR'L OHH 6yAyTT> HOCHTBCH B'L CBOeM^ HpHSpaqHOlTL 

Mip*. H MM nepexoAHM'L b-l cjiiAyromift Baion-L. 3a*cl paaAaiOTCH 
cnoEofiHHe, cHJiLHHe, MyaecTBeHHue rojioca. ^rocno^a, no*3AL ne- 

COMH*HHO M^HTeH BL HpOHaCTL. MafflHHHCTa Ha HeML H*T%. 3T0TI 

$aRrL cji*AyerL to^iho yacHHTL ce64. Ho ^to naML, ecjiH mh cTaHeMT> 
vh OTqaaniH pnaTB na ce6* bojiocuI JtaBafiTe Jiy^me ycTpaHBaxBcn 



*) Cepzmee'h'IfeHCKiii. PaacKasBi, t. II, cip. 11, 12, 111. 



b_ 



xopofflo H jAofiHo. Mh MHoroe MoaeiTB c^tJiaTB. npea^e Bcero Tynb 

AOJUSHLI 6hTB RHOHEH, HaSKSBl KOTOpUH MH OTEpoeifB ORHa. EojiJbme 

Bcero 6e37MHrB ^eJOB'i^Ra MpaK'B. Bcb Mpa^HBia JiereHAU o Bpa»Ae6- 
BUTb cHJuaxi cjioseHu nepBoSuTHUM'B ^eJEOB'i^KOM'B, AposamBMii orb 
CTpaxa wh TeMHOT%». H naccasHpu, rosopHBnrie Tasii, cTajiH HCRaTB 
BT> TOMHorb^ Han^ynajEH RHonKH h otepujih ooHa. JIpRifi cojiHe^Hufi 
cB^rb xjiiaHyjrB vh BaroH'B h pasornaji'B ysacu, BaB'baHHbie MpaROMi** 
<CMOTpHTe, RaR^ npoRpacHO Bce RpyroiTL,— npoAOJUKajm cnoROfiHue 
naccasHpH. Ctpaxa cMepxH He aojubho 6uTb. Mu ne no^yBCTByeifL, 
Ror^a nojieTHH'B vh 6e8AHy. He cjofljiyerL j^yMaxB tojlbro o ce6'b. 
nocjit HacB 6yj[jTb M^aTbCfl enie, eme h ein;e naccaaKupBi. Mu 
MOseM'b icHoroe CA'bJiaTb am hhxi>. Mh MoseM^ Hay^HTb urB 6HTb 
Myac^HHauH, a ne TpycjiHBHiin pa6aMH. Bii Baroni HameiTB h z(py- 

THXl— MHOrO npHnaCOBli, MHOrO npeRpaCHHX'L RHHFb, MydHRaJIbHHXl 

HHCTpyMeHTOB'B^ xopomaro h yAo6Haro njiaTbfl. XBaxBTb Ha Bcbrb. 
Heo6xoAHMO TOJibRO, qT06H hhrto He saxBaTHBajrb 6oJibme, i.iwb eny 
HyacHO caMOMy. Jlpeacjue ncnxojiorH a^^jibjih jiiD^^elt na z(o6pbix% h sinxii, 
ifyApHTB H CesyMiieBii, cHJibHHX'B B cjia6HX'B, '^ucTHX'B H nopo^HHX'b,. 
sipyiomHxi H aTCHCTOB-b. B-B cymHOCTH se Jiro^H jijiJLarca TOJbRO 
Ha npHqHHiiK)niHX'B ^yrHH'B paAOCTB H na npH^BBBioDHHrb jspjmwiy 
CTpaffaHia. By^eM-B ycTpaHBaTBca. HocTapaeMCB, ^toSh ^bcio nep- 
BHxi» yBejiH^HJiocB, a ^to6h btopbix-b y^ajiHJiH HSt BaroHOB'B. Torj^a 
ffhficTBHTejibHocTB Hc 6y;^erB nyraiB*. Ki* HecnacTBio, Phomme est 
le seul animal qui ne sache pas vivre! ^ 

AiOHBO. 



BT) rjiyxoMT) nepeyjiKt. 

EcTB ocoSaro po;^a y;^OBOJIBCTBie — oTopBaTBca B^pyrB, HeoaH^aflHO" 
orB JiHTepaiypHofl cyTOJORH, nepenecTHCb bte, caifyio HaoTonmyio 
npoBHHuiajibHrK) rjiymB, bi, rymy HejiRHXii o6HBaTej[BCRHXi> APflBri> 
H Ha6j[K)AaTB, RaRii 6BeTCfl nyjEBCB xchbhh b'b rjiyxoM^, BapocmeM'L 
SypBBHOM-B nepeyjiR*, r^t ab* coci^RH ccopaxca HB-B-aa flfln;a, 
cHeceHHaro HeHSBic^Ho ^Beio EypHi^eD b'b Meacb neacAy rpB^aMH 
Rapxcj^ejifl. nopoK) mh4 yAaerca AOCTaBJiHTB ce6t aro MajreHBRoe 
yAOBOJiBCTBie. H en^e hh pasy He npHxoAHJiocB, nosa^aa B'B 
o6HBaTejiBCRyK) raymb, HcnHiBiBaTB to AOBOJtbHo cxpaHHoe h cjioiKHoe 
^yBCTBO, ROTopoe npMHHHHiDTB TenepB cBtaceffocTaBJieHBHfl no^iajiBO- 
HOM'B rasexH. OCHRHOBenHo, rasexa A'^^jiaexcH HanSojite n;']kHHott 
HMeHHo Bi> rjiyoiH, Tfljb ona c-b oco6eHHoio chjiok) npHxarHBaerB r^b 
cee-h, FA* noqxajiBOHa SAeniB, RaRi, Aopoix)ro h pBARaro rocxa. Te- 
nepb ace... IIpaBO saxpyAHarocB, RaR'B onpeA*JiflXB xo nyncxBO, cb 



110 ▲. nETPnn^Bx. 

KaKHM-L MH* lencpb BAMH OTTi IleTepCypra npHxo^HTCfl pasBopain- 
BaTB cBimifi radeiHHfi jncrB. 9to MOffiHo 6u HasBaxB qyBCTBOM'B 
o6y3iii, ujiid, nosajiyfi, ne coBcbwb npiATfiofi Heo6xoAHMocrH Bunojir 
HHTb pafiory, Koiopaa HHqero He oSiii^aerb, h on* KOTopofi Hnqero 
He acAemB. Cjiobho sapan'i^e dnaeniB, qixo b% hoboh'b raBeTHOMi* jihct^, 
6yAerB to se, "iTO h bo B^epamneiTB, cxapoM'B. H MopniHniBCH, npn- 
Hya^aa ce6a OAOJiixB rasery ^o Konixa. A Kor^a o^ojiteniB, HHqero b-b 
tojiobI, KpoM'b jericaro yTOMJieHia, He ociaexcH. 

JI 6u roTOBi) c^ExaxB dxo qncxo jih^hum'b qyBCXBOM'B, odycJioBJieQ- 
fliiM'B qHcio MqHHMH npH^HHaMH. Ho cxpaHHoe ffbjio,— TO ase a aa- 
MlqaK) H BOKpyPB ce6fl cpe^H cocijsjd^ KOxopEixB SHaio uoHMeHHo, h 
Koxopue na MonrB rjasax'B ^Ba ro;^aHa8aA'BBOjmoBaj[HCB, cyexHJiHCB, 
aa;^HO SA3J1H ^Bicxett hsx IlHxepa*. ^yBCXByexca, qxo xyx^ a^JO hc 
Bi rbTh HJSH HnHXi jiHqHHX'B nepesHBaHiflxi>, qxo nepe^'B xo6oio 
CHMirroM'B KaKoro-xo Cojibmoro h cjiosHaro flBjieHia. Oho sannxepeco- 
BUBaexi. Ero xoqexca hohjixb h oSiachhtb. Boxx MexJieHHO no^xo- 
AiiVb Kb HHBeHBKOMy OKHy, y Koxoparo a "pacnojioaHJica, Mofi cxa^ 
pHHHHfl npiaxejiB ycxHHTb GoMHq'B, — iiojiynjioxHHK'B, nojiycxojiapT>, 
nojtyneqflHR'B, noJtycjiecapB, — oahh'b h3'b liTb yxHBHxejiBHHX'B ^jonfi^^ 
EOxopBie «Bce jvbimrb^ h sa Bce 6epyxca. 

— Hnqero, 6paxei^ xli Mofi, ne no^'hJiaemB, — noaxopH ^ecaxHHH 
HaffhjDL'b; Ad' h xotb — cnjionib necoK'B. 

Mh — ^AaBHamnie snaKOMHe. Ofli> es-b Epecxbani, h aena ero Aocejii 
KpecxBHHcxByexij. JI,Ba ro^a HaaaA'B Cbuh oqenb HacxpoeH-B npoxEB-B 
«pecny6jiEKH», aHBo HHxepecoBajica cofiHxiaMH, h cboexT) noqxH 
KpafiHEX'B MOHapxHnecKHXi> yfiiaA^Hifi He cKpBiBaji'B, xoxa ^picajiBHo 
Kh coiosy HCTEHHO-pyccKHX-B He HpHCoeAHHEJica H, nonpaqEHi cBoefl 
KaKi 6£i EHcxEHKXEBHOft BpaaABi K'B M^cxHOMy HaqajiBCXBy, He MOFB npH- 
coeAHHHXBca. fl a^y, noKa oh'b noAofiAera, h roxoBjirocB cHOBa, KaKi 
ABa roAa nasaA'B, noABeprayxBca oficxoaxejiBHOMy ao npHAEpqEBOcxE 
Aonpocy, qxo bt* IlHxep* AiJiaexca, a itaK-B, a noqeMy. Ho na ceft 
pas^ ycxEHi nocjBLt oGuqnaro o6MtHa BsauKHUHa npaBixcxBiaMH, 
K2LWb OHO H nojiaraexca MeaAy BHaROHHMH, Eoxopue AaBHO ne be- 
A'i^CB, orpaHEqHBaexca qyxb-qyxb apoHEqecKHM'B kebkom'b bi cxo- 
pony pasBepnyxaro na hoaokohhek* rasexnaro jiHCxa: 

— raaexKE noqHXHBaexe?.. 

— ;i,a, HaAO... 

— Bce BimaioxTb? ^ 

— BimaiDXT*... • 

— H Bce npo Aj^y? 

— Hpo JlyMy..'. 

— TaKTb-CB, — CB xiM-B ae oxxinKOM-B apoHiH xaHexi) oh-b, h, no- 
rjaAtBT* KyAa-xo BAaJB, BaJio cnpamHBaeTT»: — ay, a Kaa^, no-BameMy 
A. B., Moano ott» axofl AyMU xopomaro aAaxb? 

B'B xoHt Bonpoca cjiHrnna HBieHHo bejiocxb,' qyBcxByexca KaK'B 6b! 
HeBucKaaaHHaa BCjyx'B mucjib: 



w 



wb oyxoM'B nsPEyjiKft. Ill 

— Co6cTBeHHO, MOJ'B, Ha merh JtyMH j^ijio hchoc, BH^aHHoe, p4- 
ineHoe. A Bce TanH pas's th npi'bssifi ^ejiOB'bK'B, Ha^o se cb to6ok) 
HeM'B B HH67AB pasroBapHBaTB. 

— A BH, YcTHffB GoMH^t, qxo xopofflHiTB HasHBaexe? 

— ^yMaerB Jijud, 06% axoM'B? Jl.ayai HssicTHo... IlepBoe ffifcjo, 
qxoSt 3eMJia. 

— Hixi, OS-B 9X0MTE» OHa HO ^IJMaeTTb... 

— TaKx-c-B, — CHOBa xjinexi ofb b niKOxopoe BpeMfl icona no- 
rjia»HBaexT» Sopo^y- — Hy, a Hac^erB MOJiOAesH KaB-B? 

— Hxo Hacqex^ MOiIOJ^e»H? 

— BhJDTb ee, cepAe^HyiD. Bbh)xt>... H KOH^a Kpaio axoMy 6010 He 

BHAHO... Cepme, B^AB, KpOBBH) o6jiBBaexcfl!.. 

OwB roBopnx^ MoaoAeffli ropflio, cb ApoKi»ro bb rojioct. Ohb 
roBopBXB, KaKB €6bk)xb» MOJio;^eaB bb ji;epeBH4, KaKB 6bioxb b-b ro- 
poAt, HasuBaexB HMena, npanoMBHaexB ahh h odcxoflxejiBCXBa, no 
cjy^aio KOxopHx-B, xoro saciKjiH, xoro 3a6ajiH, xoMy pe6pa nepejio- 
MajiH, xoxB B*B xropBMi, a lorB b'b ccujiKi... fl cjiymaK) h hcbojibho 
BcnoMEHaK) JCK)6onBiXHy]D ?epxy b'b xapasxept ycxBHa. KaicB-xo 
pad's npB pac^BcxK'b seiuiB hoa'b KaRyio-xo nocxpofiKy B'B caAy> no- 
HaAo6Bj[ocB cpy6HXB flOjiOHE). ycxBH'B KaxexopB^ecKB oxKasajcfl c^i^- 
^axB axo. H Ror^a xosahhi can's bbaji'b xonopB, h jifijiOHB saApo- 
sajia oTb y^apoB'B, YcxBH'B ynreiB. 

— He Mory b axoro BBjtixB,— oC'SBCHBa-B ohb. — 2KBBoe, Bii^B. 
XajiRO. 

TenepB a HanoMBnaK) any axoxB anBSOAB. 

— TaKB, b4ab, xo a'B ;^peBoI — BOCRjiai^aex^ ohb.— A axo jiro^H... 
TaRB, BHa^BXB, BXB B 6j jsjTb Bce 6hxb?.. 

— JUjVLB, BBOflHIB HIXyRB 90 HOBBIXT» CHCRHHX'B OXj^tjieHift. 

— no-HXHCMy, 3HaqBx%, eme Majio? 
YcxBHB cep;^Bxo njiroexB h mojitox^. 

— MoaexT», raaexRy ^axB? — roBopio eny. 

— A ^xo ee ^BxaxB?— oxBi^aex'B oh-b. — Ka6H hxo hobob 6hjio.., 
HoBocxH 10 xenepB y nacB Bce OMjsab. BimdJOTb ;i;a 6bidxi>, thiovh ^a 
BiiDas)XB. ToABRO BMeHa paaHbiB. HHH^e Msana, aaBxpa Ilexpa... 
TypB y HacB cxapBR-B $exHC0BB ecxB... Mosexx, anaexe? TaR'B 
0Hi», — Roxopoe BMfl yaHaexB, — bb noMHHaHBe aanHCHBaexib, aa ynoRofl 

MOJIBXCB. Jlfl, XOJIBKO He^XO BCtXB aaHBHiemB. Si BOXB XOSB MOJIiOCB, 

loiBRO rypxoMB, — ynoRofl, TocnoAH, ^yuiB KaaHBMBiXB b yfiieHHHX'B, 
BiceHa se ex's Th CaHB s'ibcB... 

M pBAOMB CB dXBMl OfiBEBaXeJIBCRBirB BMBOAOSTB, — «H0B0CXB BCO 
OAH'b, XOJIBRO BMBHa pa3HUB» — MeHB HeBOJIBHO HOpaJKaeTB yjl,BBBXeJlB< 

Hafl, Aocejri^ HeduBaiaB o6niHocxB aauRa, ^pesBu^afiHoe eABHOofipaaie 
noHBxifi. BaBXB xoxb 6U sacB cb Ycxbhomb. KaaaiiocB 6Uy uu jho^b 
coBepmeHHO pasjiBqHHXB poAOS'B a'^i'^Jibhocxb; paasne y sacB BHxe- 
pecu, paaHue BRycH, paaHuM sauRB. H scxp-j^xajiBCB mu cjiy^afino, 
MBMOXOAOifB. qxo6B xoxqacB se paaofixBCB, duxB MuacexB^ HaBcexAa. 



112 A, HETPHmEB'B. 

Ho BorL OAHHTb cnpamBBaeTB: «BtniaK)n>?» jl^pyrott ctojib ace JiaKo- 
HH^ecKH OTBiqaert: cBifflarorL*. H o6a mh 6e3Tb BcaKaro n^eflsapH- 
xejiLHaro'^yroBopa OTJHqno noHHMaeiTB: kto h Eoro, o KaKOiTB po^t 
flBJieHifi H^erB p'bqb. H Ror;^a a Mej[LKOMi> ynoHHEaio o robutl 
CHCKHHX'B OTAtJieHiflyB, YcTHHTi He paBcnpaiuHBaerB, ne Tpe6yer& 
AOKasaTejiBCTB'B... Ohi> npocTo CBjisuBaerL 8Ty penjHRy co cbohm'l 
BonpocoM'B: «Bce 6jj[jTh 6htb», h Hj^ert ^ajbrne. CnopHib h pasro- 
BapHBaTB He o ^eMi*. HcTHna caMOO^eBHAHaa. Mu, saK'B aBrypu, 
HayqHJiHCB noHHMaTB Apyn Apyra cb nojiynaHeKa. H nocjii h^ckojib- 

KHX'B BSaHMHBDCB peHJLHK'B pasrOBOp'B Ha 06lI^enOJ[HTH^eCRifl TeMBI 

ncqepHBTBaercfl jo^o ^Ha. 

OcxaBHB'B B'B CTOpOH'b 06inX& TeUUy MU H'bROTOpOe BpeMfl A'^HMCfl 

qHCTO ^aRTHqecRHMU CB'^AtHiHMH. Ho H ^aRxaxii rOBOpHTB HaiTB 
AOBOJiBHO 6B[CTpo HaAoiASk^Ti. YcTHH'B Ha oco6ufi jiaA'B Mamerb 
pyRofl: 

— 9, ^TO, Moa-B, oC-B btom'bI — HacB TenepB HnqiM'B He y^HBHrnb. 

Bee BHAblBaJflLH... 

H B'B caMOM'B jijbjii, — BCJiRaro po^a dRcueccu ycnoROHTejrBHOfi no- 
JHTHRH o6BiBaTejiB RBSAOAHeBHO BHAHTB, ?yBCTByerB> nepesHBaePB, 

HCHBITHBaerB Ha COGCTBeHHOJil* OHHTi... KoMy OXOTa rOBOpHTB H 

cjiymaTB o tom-b, qxo CBBune Bcjucofi MtpH h3b4ctho? IlHTaiocb 
CHOBa saBecTH pasrOBOp'B o ^yM*. Ho Ycthh-b h axy xeny 6ucTpo 
o6puBaerB capRacTHHecRHirB cmIhirom'b: 

— oKajiOBaHBH, roBoparb, 0664 AenyiaTii npnfiaBHJiH? 

— ^a, coCnpaioTca... 

— Ceojlbro? 

— 350. 

— BT) MicauT)? 

— Aa... 

KciaTH, noBHAHWOMy, hbt* Bcero, hto c^iJiaJia iperba Ay^a, 
HMeHHo <npH6aBRt sajOBaHBa» noc^acTJiHBHJiocB npHBjie^B Bcepoc- 
cificRoe BHHManio h HaH6oji'be sanHTepecoBaTB odbiBaxeJifl. <npH- 
6aBRl», qxo HasHBaexcH, Bcb roBopHxi», RaR'B o caMOM'B hprom'b, ca- 
MOMB xapaRxepHOMi co6HxiH AHfl H roBoparB cb xaRHM'B se, capKa- 
CTHHecRHM'B cmIeiromI), RaRofi BH3biBaexcfl y Moero npiaxeJiH ycxsna; 
«npH6aBRa> ^aexB noBO^ib ji,jisl xaRHX'B »e, npnCjiHSHxejiBHO, saRJiK)- 
^enifi, RaRifl RpaxRO ^opMyjiHpe^B ycxHEi: 

— He siBarorb!.. Hh k-l icMy, BHXOAHXTb... 

M onaxb-xaRH a 6eB'b scaRHX'b ji,Mhwk&injiXT> o6'BacHeHiii hohh- 
Maio, qxo «BbixoAHrb hh R'b qeMy», h ^ase i^noqeMy oho «BLixoAHrb 
HH R'b qeHy». 

CROJibRo a MOPb saMtxHXb, cefiqacb bi pasroBopaxi odbisaxeJiefi 
cjiBiniHxca HoxRa MHCxaqecRaro y«aca. JI,a h cxpanno fibiJio 6h, ecaa 
6u ona ne cjiuinajiacB. Ha pacmaxanHuft B'B RopH'b oCn^ecxBeHHufi 
opraHHBM'b cBajiHjiacB BApyrB BoSaa, HibcRoaBRo neypoiRafiHHX'B ji'bxB 
noA'B paA'b, npoMumjieHHaa ancMia, 6e3pa6oxHn.a, dUHAeMiH, yacacu pe- 



1 



B'B rjyxoiTL iiBPsyiR'B. 113 

■peccifi H, B'B sasjio^eHie, HUHtmHee Ha pij^KOCTB HeGjiaronpunrHoe 
jAto BCJiijsih aa spallHe 6tACTBeHH0K) BecHot, CHibHo pasopHBrnei), 
uexjsj npo^HiTB, HaBOi(HeHifliCH SHa^HTeJiLHyK) ^acTb PocciH. B% 
m4cthocth, ta* h ceftqacB naxoacycB, xa46^ 1 p. 60 koh. ny;^i, — 
i;iHa BAicB HeCuBajiafl, HecjuxaHsaii; noBceictcTHoe coKpan^eme 
pafioTB HaABHraeTCfl laBHHofl, noKOcu sajiHi^u naBoa^KOM'L, nojifl h 
oropoAu Ba6HTu AOSAflMH, TH^'B BCflsaro poAa ryjuerb ysse 6ojbe 
ro^a, rpe^Hxa ne ci^na, a ^to nochflHO, — nponaio, eohoiuh, rjias* 
nuft MjSHipufl peccypcB B'B bthx'b HlcTaxi> ji,sb onjiaTBi noAaiett, 
Bojerja Ha kophd h rmerB. IlposHTBifi cTpaniHuS rox% icaseTCfl ny- 
twKowb no cpaBHeHiK) cb rbm, ^to rposHTB Bnepe^H. Ha6o2KHiie 
JJOAH RpecTflTCji H BcnoMHHaDTB AnoRajiBncHCB: €H8JHBaerB FocnoAb 
Hax% HaMH $iaj[u re^Ba CBoero». JIioah noaosHiejibHaro yna o6je- 
KaDTB Ty se mhcjtb bi 6ojite peajibnyx) $opMy: 

— nory6HJiH PocciK). rHfiHeTi MaTyniKa naina. 

rH6HerB HBBHyrpH, rjijb HBHeMomajrB napoATb h ctohctb noKh m- 

SeCTBK) CTapUZB e-bAGTBifi, KOTOpmrB KOHlXa He BH^^O, H 6i]ifiTBiA 

hobux'b, KOTopuM'B Tose ROHi^a H6 BH^HO. THSHerb no ^aca^olt jh- 
mIh, — TaiTB, r^ nojiaraeT3ji 6uTb «BHtmHeMy MoryniecTBy>. 

— Hh ^jora Te6t, hh apMin... Koropaa ^acTB PocciH hbhhtto- 

3KITCJI, a KOTOpyK) HHOCTpani^I BOBBlCyTB... 

— Hy, HHOCTpani^y-TO, — npo6yeniB Ha bto BOBpaacaxB, — MO«erB 
H He noBAopoBHTBCH. Bce-xaKH y nacB apiiiH... JI]D;^ett MHoro... 

— ADjifi^'TO MHoro, Ast TOJiKy Majio. BoH'B y Mena CpaTeibHHK'B — 
3aHacH£ifl MaHjpKypcidft coMji,9,Tb. TaKX owb paBCRaBbiBaeTi»... JIiDAefl 
CRoiBRo xo^emb fohh, a eseiH HacTOJin^aro Boopysenifl h HaciOH- 
maro nopjwia fffciy, — lOJiRy ne fiyAerb.., 

H MHoro Tenepb sroro caicaro Banacnaro icaHA^ypcRaro couaTal 
CTOHTb cotTHCb HJiTH-niecTH ^cjiovbRaMi^, H yse rAi-HH6yAB no 6ih- 
30CTH HenpeM^HHO ORasexcfl aanacHOfi MaH^acypei^'B cb ero aBTopn- 
TCTOiTB caHoo^eBHffi^a. dra orcraBHaH ccBHTafl, cipafl cROTHHa» nepe- 
xepHOTB HJie^aMH, nonpaBJUH He6pesH0 HaRHHyTyio na nnx^ cBHTRy, 
H aBTopHxeTHO onpeffiaiHrB: 

— npOTHB'B HHOHI^a HeBOBMOSHO 6UJI0 Cy CTOHTb. A HnOHCI^ ^TO!.. 

TojcbRO caaBa y Hero. BoHRa ne BajsHbiS. A botb eseJiH, ne js,bA 
BorB, Ri npHMipy, H'bMei^... 

H OnHTB— 8T0 TOBOpHTCH CnOROfiHO, CB TaROD 2Re HpOCTOTOK), CB 

KaRofi roBopflTB: nacTynnjio yTpo, Be^epierB, AeneR'B HHH^e coiHe^- 
Hbill... Oho, ROHeqno, mosho 6hi HbicjiB, BaRJUoqenHyio B'B cjioBaTB: 
«HacTynHJ[o yrpoi, apryMeHTBpoBaTb, nepe^HCiBTb npHBnaRH h npn- 
lecTH AORaaaxeJibCTBa, cb HecoMH'bHHOCTBE) ycTanaBJiHBaDniie, ^xo 
xenepB HMeHHO yTpo, a ne ne'iep^, ne HO'ib, ne hojiho^... Ho sa^iiPb 

Xe lOMHTBCH B'B OTRpUTyD ABepb, paB'B HOCUJKH, Ha ROTOpUXX OCHO- 

itiBaercH ]t,BMBuft buboax, a paBHO h caiiuS BUBOA^b, cqHTaH)TCJi caMO- 

tHeBHAHIDIH H CeBCnopHBIMH? 

<PocciH rH6HerB»... B'B BTy $opMyiy o6iiiBaTejB BJiaraeTB bcd 
iioAb. Ota1mii> n. ^ 



114 A. fl£TPfiII]^fi1». 

GOBOKynflocTb &b]SfiTBi1i h cbohtb jiHqHux'B, H ofin^ecTseflHuxib, h 
rocyAapcTBeHHiDCB. H Ta sasoBafl, o$$Hiuaji&Hafl sssHb, Bosji'b koto- 
pofi pacnoji03BHJiHCB rocyAapcTBeHHaa Jl^yna, rocyAapcTBeHHHS Cob^tb, 

COrJiaCHTeJIt&HUfl ROMHCCiH, COB'bll^aHLa H T. a- H T. A-» C06CTBeHH0 

CTOHTB lA^-TO ;^ajieKO OTL d^ACTBifi HapoAHofl SH8HH. To caMo no 
ce6'b, a aro caMO no cedt. IIponacTB MesAy o$$Hi^iajii>Hofi h sapoA- 
Hofi SH3H&D — ^AaBEHHiHifi poccificsifi ^pix^. Ho TonepB ona saR'B-TO 
oco6eHHO yrj[y6Hjn[ac& h npHEUuia coBepmeHHo o^OBHAHiiifl jx^ha o6uBa- 
Texa (j^opioi. H cHosa MOHfl hobojilho nopasaoTi yAHBHTeabHaji 
o6n(HOCTb buboaobi h MHiHifi. JSj^B, yTBepAHJia 6s3AserB. Ho As^e 
OA 0KTfl6pHCTC£ie opaTopu npHsnajiH, wro 4>HHaHC0BLrfl xynHK'b Tasi* 
H ocTaexcfl TynHKOM'L, hsi Koroparo npn a^hhom'l HanpaBjiemH sHyr- 
peHHefl nojiBTHKH BUxoAa H^rB. ^OHBrH Ha apMlK) h ^jhotb accHrno- 
BaHH. Ho Aaae 0KTa6pHCTCKie AenyTaxH , npHBHajorb, tto BonpocB o 
BH^niHeM'L Moryn^ecTBi ho noASHnyjiGfl hh Ha marb. AyMa sac^AaeTi 
8 MtcHi^eB'b. Ho ysacu ycnoKOHiejiBHofl nojiHTHKH, pa3opflK)n^eft 
H 6e3rb Toro pasopeHHyio crpaHy, o6ocTpflK)TCH, a ne cMflrHaE)TCfl... 
H CROJiBKO 6u HH myM^jiH jiH)AH TaMi, rA:& HHHi BBgi.'bjilUBaeTCJI 
o$$H^iaJIBHa&y saaoBafl shshb, ceojibko 6h hh sanojiHHJiHGB raser- 
HKe cTOJifiKBi OTpaseniflMH axofl o^^Hi^aiBHOfi shshh, — BOdrb hh 
CB liicxa. 8x0 hcho xam, b-b HerepByprt, am xixi jiDAeft, EOXopMe 
npHBJie^eHH ki HeuocpoAcxBeHHOMy yqacxis) b'b KasoBOfi shbhh. 9to 
flCHO H BA'bcB, Ha sapocniel JionyxaMH rpHSHofi jJLULUJb, A^ts^ AJeh t%xb 
AByxi* 6a6'B, soxopuH ccopaxcH HS'B-sa nfii^a, cHeceHHaro HOHSBicTHO 
^OK) HaciAEOH). H HO iiyApoHo, ?xo coBepmeHHo pasHHe jik)ah Ha- 
y^HjiHCB pasroBapHBaxB HOJiyHaMeKaMH. 8xo — ^pesyjiBxarB o6niHOCTH 
BsrjKHAOB'B Ha 6e3cnopHoe h o^oBHAHoe ^asxEqecKoe nojuosenle Beni;efi. 
EaBOBan skhbhb «hh ki ?eMy». ^nsemji boabi o6BiBaxej[B »AeT^ 
He OTxyxa. Ho oxKyAa ;Re ona abbhoxch? Ho jiorHRi neni^eS OTciDAa, 
cHHsy. fl cxapaBDCB noHHXB, ^qiero mosho OTCK>Aa sa^-tb, ^to poHXCS 

BA^GB B'B ofiBIBaXeJIBCROfi TOJIOB'i^, H MOH MUCJIB, HpeaCA^ ^M'B O^Op- 
MHXBCH B'B TOXl HJH HHOS BUBOA'B, HHKaR'B HO MOSOX'B HpoSXH MEMO 
aSHBHX^ JLEUfb H ROHRpeXHBIX'B HBJienifi. 

BoxTb nepoAO MHofi 75-xHjiixHift cxapHR'B ^oxhcob'b, — toxtb caiaii, 
Roxopiifi sanHCBiBaex'B HBiena RasHOHHHX'B b'b noMHHaflBe. Oh'b rpycxHO 
RaiaerB xpacymeflcfl oxt» aphxjiocth tojiobok): 

— 3a rp-bxH Rapaex'B Fochoab Pocciro. Sa ^bh rpixH, — a, roBopio 
npsMO... Mfli Hxo, — fl HaA'B Mornjiofi cxoro. MH'h Bce panno — nycTB 

XOXB H siniaDXli. EpjIMO rOBOpD... 3a RaSHeHHBTX'B H rOEHHUX^ mo- 

JoocB. A 3a roHamHX'B ne Mory. fl — cxapHfi qeJuoBiK'B. He Mory. 
nory6HjH OHH PocciH). 3a HXTb rpixH^. 

— JI^'hAyniRa, — B03pa»aH) eMy, — box^ tbi fobophhib —roHan^HrB... 
He xenepb xojibKo ohh xaKOBM. H ho caiiH go6oh) ohh Aepaaxca... 

— 3HaH),.. Mh nonycTHJiH. Mh, cxapHKH, HX'b yxBepaAaJH. A 
xenepb, — Han-B rjiHA'hTB xonmo, a Baii-B, mojioabim-b, — yai ne 8HaH>, 
RaRX BBi H SHXb 6yAexe. Hocxoli, ne roBopH. noHHRi. nponuiit pas'B^ 



wh rjiyxoM'B HBPETjiKft. 115 

^aK'b TH cBOAa upitssaj'b, He Taaiji a cjiosa Te6i roBopHJi^. A le- 
uep&— caM'b BHsy... Mu nopycTHiH. A Tpbxi> hxhIS. Osh nory6HiH 
Poccin. He Mory fl sa eetl mojihtbch. 

TpaceTB rojOBOK) CTapiifi a*^'^,^ — h, nosHAHMOMy, 6ojbHo h ropbKo 
ero sacTUBmeMy b'b npeAaHiflX'B cepwy, hto ecTL Taaie jiioah Ha 
iivbrb, sa kotop&itb oh'b. He cMOTps na Bce CBoe sejanie coSth b'b 

MOrHJiy, npHMHpHBinHCb go BCiM'B H COBCtMH, HeMOSeTb MOJIHTbCfl. 

BoTL noRTeHHBiJI yisAHBitt qHHOBHHK'B, Harpas^eHHEifl 8a AOJiro- 
jiTHDK) H 6e3nopoqHyK> Gj[ys6y opAenaMH h MeAaJUMH. Jl^Ba roxa 

HasaA'B Mbl BCTptTHJIHCb H paSCXaJIHCb AOBOJbHO-Xa^CH XOJIOAHO. ToFAa 

OB^ o^ij^HiuajbHO cocTOHJi'b B'b cHHCKi qjEOHOBi coiDsa pyccKaro Ha- 

pOAa. nOTOlTB yCTpaHBaAli TOpseCTBeHHUH BCTpi^H QOKOfiHOMy FpHHr- 

Myry, KorAa Torb coBepmajix cboh a^HTa^ioHHb[H noisAKH. HicKOJibKO 
MtcHAeB^ cnycTH isb Heny HoqbK> BApyri «no3Kaj[OBaj[H rocTH». H 
Ha^ajiHCb ofiuKHOseHHUfl MiirapcTBa pyccKolt ceicbH, HMiBmeit He- 
€?acTbe iipHBjie«ib irb cefii BHHMaHie na^ajEbCTBa. Oxi^ay sas'L o(j[)^H- 
ipajbHaro narpioTa, ne TpoHyjiH. Ho Ao^b nonajia B'b xropbMy, sapa- 
^HJiacb xaiTb GbinHbUTb xH^oarb, h Aocejrb He ycnijia onpaBHXbCH. 
<3uHa sanecjo B'B Hapbiifciu8 spait. H xenepb oxei^B 6peAexi co 
MHOi) no yjiHi^, He6pesH0» HaqaiBHH'iiecRH oxBt<iaerb ropoAOBburb, 
Koxopue eMy, KaKi BHAHOMy ^HHOBHMKy, «oxAaK)xi ^eGXb», h b'b 
xo se BpeMH pascKadHBaerb uwb HCxopiK) cBoero neo^acxbH. Ero 
pascKa.i'B He GJioaceHib. ^HJi'b-fibiJi'B B'b ropoA'b mojioaoS ^eJOB'&s'B, 
HcsjiioqeHHbifi HS'B ropoACKoro yqeJHn^a h HHXAt ne CMormiS npH- 
cxpoHXbCH. OxRpBuacb dxoMy MOJOAOMy qejiOBisy «BaKaHGifl no 
cbicKHOft qacxH». H, wb saqecxB'b arenxa^ oH'b CA'biiaA'b i^uit paAi 
OTRpHxiS, ox'b KOxopbExib uocxpaAaJiH ero fibiBmie yqiixejiH, ero msojb- 
Hbie xoBapHiuH, pa3HbLfl jRi^a, y soxopux'b oH'b panbme cjysHJi'b h 
KOXopuH ero ysojbHHJiH... 

— Bcero nonjiaxHJiocb, — roBopHX'b mh4 6uBfflift GoaosHHK'b, — to- 
JOBtK^ 70. H H B'b HX'B qHCJii. H xjonotaJi'B, oHcaji'B HHsmeMy 
Ha^aJibcxBy^ nHcajB BucmeMy na^ajbcxBy. Gna^aia h roBopnj'b: no- 
tfolxecb XpHcxa... Tenepb s. ne cnpaoiHBaK), ecxb jih y hhx'b Xpn- 
cxocB. Hh Xpacxa y hhx'b, hh Maronexa... ^xo se bxo A^Jaexcal 
H 3a ^xo!?. 

H cxapufi noTTBHHMS ^hhobhhk'b, 6biBniifi nuewb coiOBa, npoAOJi- 
xafl nefipesHO oxBi^axB oxAaK)n^HM'B ^ecxB ropoAOBbiMB, npoHSHOCHx-B 

HJiaHeHHyiD pi?b b'b 3a[UHXy HHCXO MaRCHHaJEHOXCKHX'B CHOCOSOB'B 

AificxBOBaHiH. 

Boxi noAropoAHflfl MimaHKa — HOMHoaKO oropoAHHi^a, HeMHOJKKO 
^asapnan xoproBEa. Ona iioa^ cstsHM'B BHe^axjiiiHieH^ nicxHofl 
8jio6li ji,Esi. CxaH^ioHHb[fi poxMHCxp'B socxoKO pascepAHJCH Ha cociA' 
CKHX'B Kyp'B, 3a6peAniHX'B na ero oropoA'B. Cnaqajia puxMHCxp-B npocxo 
PHaji'B Kyp'B. Ho xaKX saK'B OH'b cjyinajiucb niioxo h pasjiexaJiHCb, 
Koxopaa KyAa, xo oh^ oxkphji'b no hhm'b ofohb HS'B KaseHnaro pe- 
BOJibBepa. PasHue cooxB'bxcxByionue axoMy anHSOAy nocxynKH pox- 



1 



116 A. nETPHII^EB^. 

HHCxpa no OTHomenijo kt> jdjuimi noAropoAHflfl MimaHBa Bce-TasH 
MoaKeTL noHHMaTB. Hy OBBorB, ny nHxarorB, By KajiiqarB iiDiHei, — 
3T0 nycTB. IlycTB, no-HXHeiiy, bto Hyano. Ho cTp4jn»6y vb Ejpb^ 
cTp'bjibGy cpeAH SHJurb nocTpoeRib 6e3'B coo6pa2iceHiji, Ry^a EOTopa& 
leTHTB nyM h b-b Koro Moaen nonacTB, — btofo ona ne mosctb^ 

HH nOHflTB, EH o6'BflCHHTB. 

— ^TO ae BTO TaKoe?— cnpamHBaeTB oea y Mena. — ^o ^ero 
AOShjihI 

BorB coJHAHas ASLMa-^HHOBHHua, 6ujia oahok) eb'b T6n ytsA^ 
Hux^ 6ap£iHB, KOTopufl OTjHqHO cojiflTB orypnjBi, roTOBflrB npeBOCXOA- 

HyK) HaJKHBKy, CB rOCTflMH H Bl) TOCTflX'B HrpaiOTB HO MaJieHBKOt VB. 

6aHqeK'B, HHorAa kojiotetb npuciyry n coScTBeHHopynHO npHHHiiai)Ti> 
noAHOCHMBifl cyopyry npHHomeHifl. CjiOBoifB, ;i;aMa bo Bcix% oTHome- 
Biax'b He nojiHTHqecKafl h npn towl seea CTaHOBoro npHCxaBa. Ho- 
BOTB y«e M'facROJiBRo ul&G&ufiKb sHBorB HO npH Myst. M cBoein» 
ropt pascRasuBaerB tohoitb secTORO npHniH6jieHHaro xhshbh) ^eio- 
B'bKa. PascRasii ea RpaxoR'B. MysTB pacrpaTHJTB orojio 5 RasefiHiirB. 
rucswb py6. H qT06EJ sairecTH cjiiicu, cHicyiHpoBaj'B BRcnponpiaipx). 
Xtjio cjrosHJOCB He coBciM'B y^^a^HO. 

— Mofi Myai), — THxo roBopnrB ^stMa, — sanyxaji'B naniero cuHa. 
GBiHa cyj^HJiH H noBicHjiH. Bhahtb jih, eify seoOxoi^HMo 6ujo cepBesHO 
sanyraTB cuHa. Hna^e 6u any He noB'bpHjiH. Ho nocji'b btofo sitb 
CB Myseii'B fl He Mory. SI 6h bgo eiiy npocxHia. Ho botb oh'b no- 
HpesHeify cjiyaHTB. EMy ^asce noBumeHie AajH. Oh'b iioserB no- 
npeaHCMy cjnyaHTB. 9Toro a npociHTB He Mory... fl xoqy — noBHoiaerb^ 
OHa rojiocB— BanjiaTHTB sa CMepxB CBraa. Si Aonecjia na irysca. 3a 
BTO MOHfl 6uA0 ynpHTajDiH B'B cyMacmeAinifi AoifB... H TenepB coiia 
He BHaio, — cRaaHTe, ito mosho cAt^aTB?.. 

SI 6u HHROFAa He RonqHJi'B, eciH 6u saxoiiixx ocTaHaBJiHsarBCA 
Ha ROHRpeTHBix'B flBjiemHX'B, TO 6e8B£ixoAHO TparH^ecRHX'B, RaRib rope 
MaTepH, ROTopafl xo^erB otomcthtb Mysy sa cnepTB cuna^ to xnmh 
6oJit3HeHHHX'B, RaR'B BajHiu CTaHipoHHaro poTMHGTpa no RypaiTB. 

KOHRpeTHBIH HBJieHiH HeHCqHGJIHMU. HX'B pO^HTl Ra^^ftU^ HOBUfi^ 

AOHB. SI ocTanaBJHBaioGB Ra HeMHornxib BHHSOAan, njdk h to iihib. 
noTOMy, ^TO mh4, noBTopnio, Rpaftne Tpy^no onpeA*JUaTB ofiuBaxexB- 

CKLS qyBCTBa OTHOCHTeJIBHO AaHHBIX'B npeACTaBHTOJiefi BJiaCTH H ASA- 

Haro HanpaBJieHiH BnyTpeHHefi hojihthrh. dTO ne HenaBHCTB, ne Bpaxi^a. 
3x0 He aaa;ta 6opb6H, OCHBaxejUB EaR-B 6h oxraaxHyjiafl r-b cxopoHR*^ 
H CB yaacoBfB naOjiBOAaexi nponcxoAiin^ee. Oh'b roxoBT», noaajiyfi, cTaTB 
Ha «hxhh)H)» TO^Ry spiHia. Ho b^ tom-b h a*JO, ito b-b €hx%» no- 
BeABHiH, ecjH Aase ctohtb na «HXH6fl» ToqRt spiHifl, oOBiBaTeiB ne 
BHjiHX7> HH jJEorHRH, HH uijiecooGpasHocxH. Exo nopaaaexi HMeHHo 
6e3CMHCjieHHocxB 6'hflicxBeHHBix'B ji^Jia cxpaHH ffhftcxBifi. Ohi ho mo- 
aex'B odxHCHflXB bxh A'bficxBiH. H ne Mosexnb. paBcysAaxB o ehxtk 
«no qeiiOBtqecxBy*, RaRib o ffbiaxi ^eiOBiqecRHXi, oxHOcnrejiBHa 

KOXOpHX'B HOJIBSa BCflKOe JIBIRO CXaBHXB B'B CXpORy, BCHRyiO OfflHSRy 



J 



B'B rjiyxoMi nsFEyjsft. 117 

<;?HTaTL ^aiLDIBK). A'fcjiaX'B, ^eJtOBi^eCKH odlflGHHMLIX'B, MOSHO CJ- 

jsjrrb CHHCxoAHTejiBHo. Ho bi> toitb h cyrb, ?to npoHcxoAfln^ee nepeAi» 
odBiBaTeMM'B qejiosi^ecKU He 06'BaGHHMO. 

TaJTL, Bi» rjiaBHOM'b uiTaSi ycnoKOHxeAbHuxTi A'^ficTBifi m Ka6H* 
Herb r. CTOjoinHHa, njianu, 6£itb mosotb, no-cBoeify jionqnu h ^q- 
jOBiqecKH 061HCHH11U. TaifB, Ha^o nojiaraTL, juofffi «He spn A'i^ii- 
cTByK)rB». y HHx^, HaBlpHoe, ecTL CBOH TasTHKa H CBOH cTpaToria. 
He tjjifiwh cnopHTB, qejOB'bqHie jih TeopeiflKH as^hoS CHCTeioi, 
fiesejiH efl HcnojiHHTejiH, h bcjik qejiOBi^Hie, to HacsoAKO hmohho. 
Bo BCflKoiTL cj[7<9ai o6BiBaTeJu> HenocpcACTBeHHO conpHKacaercH He 

<7h MHHHGTepCKHMH CTpaieraMH, a CB SaHAapMCKHlTB pOTMHCTpOlTB, pa8-* 

crpiiflBaion^HirB h8% peBOJiBBepa cocijifiKSLTb syp'B. HenocpeACXBeHHo 
nepej^ oduBaxejieirB cTonrB ho ciojibKO noJiHTHiecKifi pascqerL Aost- 
{iHiexefi r. CxojiHnHHa, crojilko rjiy6osoe HsspanieHie HHCTHH£T0B'b, 
flei86isHoe Tan'B, ta^ ecxb qpesMtpHoe ofiHjiie BJiacTH h 6e3HaKa- 
^aaHHOCTb. H, GTajKHBaflCb Bcero qaii^e HMeHHO cb HSBpan^eHHUMH 
HHCTHHKTHHraifH cBoeBOJiiH, o6iiBaTej[B Ha caMoe A^HHyi) «BJ[acTb> 
cMOTpHTB sAWh Ha Hi^TO, MopajEbHO AU Hero qyag^oe h ncHXOJiorH- 
qecKH coBepmeHHO HenpieMjeMoe. dTO, noBTopHio, ne 08j[o6jeHie, ne 
thAb'b, He HenaBHCTb. 3to — pi^TO Cojiie oyCoKoe h BaacHoe. H 6h 
pHCKHyji'B onpeA^JiHTb ero cjioBaMH: nponacEb, nojiHBifl liopaJibHuii 
paspbiBi. 

GJOBa HacTynHBmeM'b «ycnoKoeHiH» Boo6n^e npeACTaBJUnoTCH 

HiCKOJIbKO TeopOTHqeCRHMH, SBy^arB COMHHieJbHO, AByCMHCJieHHO. 

3xfccb B'b HenocpeACTBeHHOM'B conpHKOCHOBemu cb noBceAHeBHOio o6bi- 
BaieiBCKOK) suBHbi) KaK'B-TO $H3HqecKH qyBCTByemb hxi CTpaHHoe 

HeCOOTBtTCTBie 3KHBHH H HHSqeMHOCTb... TJiyXOfi HepeyJIOKl, B'b KOTO' 

poiTb H o6BTaH), ynnpaeTCH oahhm'b kohh^oitb cbohitb B^ yjiauy, nanpa- 
BUDH^yDCH npflMo R^B yisAHOfi Tupbifb. H no axoS yjiHi:^ nenpe- 

CXaHHO HO HbCROARO paSl BT> ABH& rOHflTB J[K)Aefi,— rOHHTB Wb 

TK)pbMy, ronarL hbi 3AiniHefi TiopbHU RyA^^-TO, ronarB cROBaHHBix^ 
X vb apecTaHTCRHX'B xaJiaTax'b, ronarB tojibro nto aaxsaqeHHbixB, 
roHHTB fies'B ROHi^, RaRi HHROFAa paHbHie He rnajiH. H aomohctph- 
pyioTca RapxHHu, RaRHX'B npesAe hhrto ne BHABiBaA'B 9 ne npeA- 
noiaraxTi. Box's ceftqacB xojebro iiornaJiH r'b xH)pbM'b ninjio npeA- 
CBSM^eCnyK) seqepHHRy, — mxyR'B bocomb 6apumeHB vb jierRHXB jAt- 
msTb HiaxBaxi h nuiaiiRax^, nicROJiBRO RaBajiepoBi, nocpeAHH'b buco- 
sil RpacaBei^'B-MyaraHHa cb oRjaAHCXoio c^jipx) 6opoAoS, KaR^B FOBopaxii, 
oxeiTB xojiBRO qxo npocBaxaHHofl Hesicxu; owb necexB b'b pyRaxB rpa- 
^EWby — BHAHMO AoraAaaca saxBaxnxb boabe na Aopory. Bee jto ORpy- 

XeHO I^'bnBH) ROHBOfiHUX'B, — HimHX^ H ROHHblX'B, H, HOBHAHMOMy, 

ispaAHO BUMoqeno no nyxH jifimjifiwh, BapbiaiHH, Roe-RaR'B noAo5paBi 
ojaxBH^ maraH>rB no Hspuxofi mocxoboS, noRpuxoft sharoS rpasbiD. 
J(eMOHCTpaxHBHoe mecxBie nesoJibHo oCpannaexB Ha ce6a BHHMaHie. 
KaRaa-TO 6a6a pasoaAtjia: 

— MHjma-WB MOH, qyaoqRH-xo na khx-b xoneHbRia, h b'b xy^ejib- 



118 A. HETPHmEBt. 

Kax'B. Bhaho, KaR'L TaHi^OBajH, — TaK% H nonajiH. IIpocTyAflTcfl, KaK^ 
Borb CBflTB, npocTy;piTCJB[. 

MyKiHHH Ha6jiK)AaK)rB cocpewToqeflHO h MOMa, 3a qio Be^yrB, — 
ntcHD-jin OHH Ha Be^epHHsi sanpemieHHyK) cn'bjiH, pasroBop's-jEH 
nojiHTH^ecBifi saBejin^ hjh npocTO komj-to nosasajiocL, hto no^^ 
BHAOicB npeACBaAe6Hofl BeqepHHKH npoHCxo^HrB peBOJiK)iiioHHoe co6pa- 
Hie, — BorL sicTb. Maio-jiH paanaro JHO^a xenepB b-l TiopLMy roHanb? 
OCuBaxejiB ycTajrB AoraABiBaTbca. Ho pasroBapHBaTB no axoiiy cjiy- 
^^JD offB pasroBapHsaerB. M ecjiH 6u r. Ctojuhhh^ xotb KpaeifB 
yxa ycjHmaj'B bth pasroBopu,— otb TocyAapcTBeHHofl ^yMH, naBip- 
Hoe, noTpe6oBaj[cji 6u aKCTpenHufi KpeAarb Ha opraHH8aixiK> coBep* 
moHHO HesaM'bTHaro ji^ o6£iBaTej[efl cnoco6a nepeABHaceniH apecTaH- 

TOBX. 

^a, «ycnoKoeHifl eme ne HaciynHJio*. Citaay Cojame, — ecjH 
r. Ctojhiihh'b HMeHHO ycnoKoenie cTaBnrB cBoefi i^tjiLio, to xeneps 
OHii OTB nea ropaBAO jifijame, nfbwb ABa roAa nasavA'B, EorAa 6paji'^ 
vb GBOH pysn 6pa8AH npeAC^Ad'TejiH cosi^ia mhhhctpobti. nojoacenie 
BiacTfl B'B oGuBaTejiBCKofi ncHXOJEoriH CO BpeifeHi noKofiHofi nepBofi 
^yMU He yjy^mHjiocB, a yxyAniHJOCB. Mnoro^HCjieHHUfl raseTHua 
HSBicTia H pascyacACHia o6'b yna^AR^ coDsa pyccsaro aapoAa ciam- 
K0M^ He cooTBiTCTByio'TB BmmiD BepxoBHofi ynpasBi na aecB xoa'b 
BHyTpeHHefi'noaHTHKH. Ho B'B hhx'b, Mffb Kasexca, npanajiBHo noA- 
Mt^ena 6uT0Baa ^epxa: o6n^ecTBeHHue ajieMeHTU, npaMKHyBmie 6ujio 
£'B coDsy ^acTBH) no HeAopasyMiHiK), ^acTBH) no pasHUM'B cjeoshbim'b 
npH^HHaHi, Koaxi» mojibkomx He o6'BacHHniB, oTonuH, hoaoCho b(Awi> 
Boofime o6BiBaTejia]rB, bi CTopony. Jl,jra hhx^ A^HHoe noBeAOHie 
npaBHTejiBCTBa xoace oi^aajiocB MopajEBHo h ncaxojiorHqecKH ne- 
npieMjeMKM'B. 

PaAoiTB CB nojiaoD asojiHpoBaHHOcxBK) Bjiacxa, Mena HeBOj[BHo^ 
nopasaexi Heo6uKHOBeHHaa ^asH^ecRaa 6j[H80cxb paanopoAHUX^ a 
aBHO BpaJKAe6HuxT» ajieMeHxoB'B. il hobbojih) ce6^ noacaaxB moid- 
MucjiB He6oi[BniOK) HJLiH)cxpai;iefi. Bosjit Meioinofi JiaBEH xpoe nepHO- 
pafio^HX^ HcnpaBJiarox^ mocxkh, — Asa cpeAHHXi> Jitxi, oahfb — 
napeHB jrbx^ 19. TyxT» ace cyexaxca xoaauni jiaaKa. H xyxi> se 
ABoe ropoAOBUx^ cb pyacBaMH^ no cjryqaK) ^eaBHqaftnofi oxpami. 
OxpaaaxB oSohitb cxpasairB co6cxBeHHO neqero. H ohh ox^ csysH 
cMOxpaxi Ejajvb idah paGoxaiox^, jiyn^axi c^Me^KH a pasroaapaBaioTi 
CB pa6oqHMB. CjyqafiHo a 6jih8ko aaaio axax'B joojifii. JlaaoqHHR'B — 
saAex^, o^^aiuajiBHO aanacaBmifica bi napxis). HapeHB— ctopohhhk'b 
qpeaBBiqafiHO pimaxejiBHofi xasxaKa h 6jLmoKT> rti anapxaaHy. ^Boe 
Apyrax'B pa6oqHrB Aep«axca Bosaptaifi, npaMtpao, XpyAOBOt rpynnBi. 
3Ta AOBOJiBHo-xaKH KpaMOJiBHaa ROMnama oxatqaexB na aaiiibqaHia 
nojiHi^eflcRHXi cxpaacefi, oxmyqHBaexca, cjieraa asBaxx. CxanoBHTca 
acyxRo npa mhcjih, qxo boxx y Roro-HH6yAB neocxopoacHo copaexca 
«Hacxoan^ee», acRpeanee cjeobo... H aa xaRia Gn,eHRa, xAi oxohb a 
nopox-B yac-B cjiamROM-B 6jih8eh APyrT» £!> APjry, HaxHRaeniBca 6yK- 



wb TMJXOWb nspiyjKft. 119 

BajttHO Ha RasAOMi imirj. Bon HenoAaJiesy Ha nocTpofiR'b 7 seif- 
CBaro HaqajaHHsa pa6oTaerB apreib iueothhrobx. «Hapo;v& Bce 
HUHibinHifi», «axoBfiiS», yiftonpfi bi TpaxHiuoHEiui ^opioi pasroBopa 

Ch XOaflUHOM'B BJI02KHTB, Heo6BIRHOBeHHO flBBHTeJEBHOO C0A6pSaHie. 

Pa6o^e nocMtoBaDTCJi upo ce6fl: 

— Mu TaKH eMy owHBaeiTB nyjiH... HH^ero, — tojibko RpacHien 
xa noM^SHBaeTB. y HacB tos^ vb ceji'b... Okpjshjieh mh pas'B cBoero 
seMcsaro... Hy-sa, moj'b^ Bame 6iaropoAie, AstBafi no-Hameny no- 
roBopHin... Owh, Rasi h 8TorL, tojibbo noAAasHBaerB. A noToiTL 
oTomexB Ki. CTpasHHsaiTB, Aa Ras'B saKpEHHrB: «ArB, bbi lasie- 
cdiKie,— Tenepb a cb BaMH no-CBoeMy noroBop©*... 

IIoMHflTCji, HicKOJtBRO ^csBfiWb Hasajir^ vb raseTaxi 6ujio ons- 
caHO AOBOJiBHo xapaRTepHoe «iipo0cmeeTBie». Tfli-TO bo speiifl RaRoro- 
To ceMettHaro xopsecTBa oahh'b hb'b rocrefi nonpocHji ctAtl «B£[ 
acepTBOD najui». A Apy^oft rocTB, noJiHi^eficRifi qHBOBHHRfB, XHmB 
ToiBRo ycjumajTB sanpeimeHHue 8ByRH, bchomhhji'b cbohxi cj[y3Re6- 
HtiTB oCiiaaHHOCTflrB. Bi pesyjtBTarb Rpynnoe cTOJtRHOBeHle h «no- 
jiHTH^ecRoe A:bjio». B'b rasexaxi onHCUBajiocB ero, RaRi oahsb hsi 
a6cypA0B'B hoiuithrh ycnoRoemfl. Ho vb 9Towb a6cypAb eoTB cboa 

fiUTOBafl JIOIHRa. ECIH C^HTaTB RpaMOJIOfi np0THB0npaBHTeJ[BCTB6HHlI& 

o6pa8i» Hucjelt, to, 6ok)cb, bch) oCuBaTeACRyio Maccy hsiao sanHcaTB 

Wb paspitATi KpaUOJIBHHROBl. fl CTapaDCB, CROJOiRO U02RH0, IipOB'bpiITB 

CBOH Bne^aTxbHifl, ^xapancB noAoftTH r;b HaH6ojrbe npaBUH'B cioak'b, 
K'b fiaH6oJi'fae HenocpeACTBeHHOMy, «HepacnponaraHAHpoBaHHOMy», o6u- 
BarejEH). E, npHSHancBy au Memi OT^acTH saraAO^HBi rb Aenyraiu 
EHHimHefl FocyAapcTBeHHofl Jijvhi, ROiopue 668% bcarhxi oroBopoRi 
pyROiuen^yrB AaHHOMy HanpaBJieHiiD BHyrpeHHeS houthrh. noioacEirB, 

OHH A^aiDTB 8TO CJUmROH'B A^MOHCTpaTHBHO, CUIHROlfB HaHORadl. 

Hsce-TaRH npaBO, darpyAHiTDCB Heo6HAHoonpeA'&JuiTB, RaRHirB rpynnaiCB 
HaceieHiA AonyraTu-pyROHJiiecRaTejiH cooTBiTCTByiorB. SaIcb, BHH8y 
HysHo HCRJDWTeAHoe c^acTBe, vio6u bctp^thtb qeioBiRa, ROxopBifi 
He cTopoHHTca OPB MaiMmaro HaneRa Ha cojiHAapHOCTB cb qBiHim- 

HHMH A'i^ttCTBiaUH EiaCTH. TOBOpK), ROHO^HO, He laRTi HasiiBaeMiix^ 

«nepenyraHHux% noirbii](HRarB», — b'b ^yiii pyRonjien^yrB ne tojibro 
8TH nocjiiAHie. 

BjiacTB OAHHORa 6e8iipHM'bpH0, RaRi HHRorAa. A cb Apyi'ofi cto- 
poHBi, areHTU atofi BJiacTH— shbuo jiioah, conpHRacaK)nuecA ci o6h- 
BaTexflMH He tojibro cjiysedno, ho h sHTeficRH. Ohh seHflxoH h 
HOCflraBTB, poAflTi, RpecTjnrB, 6uBaK)rB B'B rocTSTB h ri 066*6 
80ByTB,-— <yiOBoirB, BTO rh ae o6HBaTejiH, tojibro oeaaaHmie AOJiroacB 
cj[ys6£i, KaBep6oBaHHiie no npeHMyn^ecTBy hb'b ^a^A^n MicTHHirB 
iHTepecaiTB ^jiomohtovb h HanpaBjieHHiie coo6pa8HO pyROBOAsnieMy 
HpaBHJiy ycHOBOHxeJiBHofi TaRTHRH: 8a nepecoji'B b'b A'bjrb HCRopeHenuE 
RpaMOJiii, HaB'bpsoe, noxBajiarB, a 8a hoaocoji'b, HanipHoe, nonaAemB 
Ha sairfc^aHie. CofijiasHaeMufi nojraofi bosmosrhoctbk) noRadaTB cbod 
CHj[j« ^aBapHTB «At;?o», 6jaroAapfl RoropoMy moirho BUABHHyTBCH no 



120 A. nSTPHIUBB^. 

cjLjx&b H o6e3neHHTB Kapbepy, areHT^ sjiacTH sumb npn HCBjm^m- 
TasLHBix'B jijmesKHTh RaqecTBOx'L cyifierB jAepsaTLCA b'b rpasH- 
i^axL, sa ROTopuMH Ha^HHaeTCfl pasBparL cBoeBOJdii. SaBapHXb se 
npH TenepenmeMi) HanpaBjiemH jmob'b €;^'bj[o» mosho 6jKB3JLbR0 Ha 
Kaa^OM'b Micrb h no jiH)6oMy JLOBonj- KapBepncTBi ssAaBHa c^HiajiH, 
"vio vh PocciH xopomaa nojiHTii'iiecKafl Ejjiysa cTOHrB bojotoS pos- 
cimn. TenepL bca pyccRaa seMifl cxaia B'B dioirB cMBicii sojoto- 
HocHofi. 3oj[OTOHOCHu ji,ase caioie soHcepBaTHSHHe, caMHe yicipeH- 
HBie OTB npnpow cjioh, — nejEKie ToproBiw, ^bophhkh, CToposa^ npH- 
sas^iHKH, — HMeHHO rb cjioh, ch KOTopuMH HHBniie aresTu BjacTH 
HcsoHH BXOAHJiH B'B nocTOflHHoe sHTBficKoe o6iii[eHie. 06ii^eHie npo- 
AOJisaercfl h jsf> chx'b nop'B. Ho seAaBHifi npflii'bpB neTep6yprcKEXB 
rocTHHHOABopi^eB'B, noseJiaBmHX'B Ben^ecxBeHHUM'B o6pa80M'B BupadHTB 
qyBCTBO yBasoHifl rocyAapciBeHHUMi npecTynHHsaM'B, sasjuo^eEHBurB 
B'B TBopBM'b no ]5JbjLj B£i6oprcsoM'B B083BaHiH, BOBco He npoAcxaB- 
iHerB ^ero-j[H6o HCRjuouxejiBHaro, cBOflcTBeHnaro toj[bro IleTepfiyprj. 
y KapbepHCTa cefiqacB B'B Poccis 6oraTafl saxBa. Ky^a he no- 
CMOxpH, BCiDAy BOJioxo. H q'bii'B sa^H'be paspaCaxBiBaeTB KapBepncn 
6jiiaroAaxHyx) j^&a Hero noqsy, Tbwb, no jioxHK'b Bemefl, EpaMOJu>Hie, 
soioxoHocH'be ona cxaHOBHXCE. rocy;(apcxBeHHa2 MamHHa xaR'B npe- 
MjApo nociaBJueHa, cjiobho yxajiocB, HaRonei^'B, H3o6p'bcxH perpetuum 
mobile vb ujbjLBTh yrjy6j[eHifl peBOJiioifiH. Oahh o6pe?eHH desn^ rohi^ 
«ycnoRaHBaxB», APyrle oxmaxuBaxBCfl h yRp'bnjuxBCH na Henpsioi- 
pHMofi no3Hii;iH, H ne xpy;(HO noHHXb rbTB, Roxopue xpenoxHO cnpa- 
mHsaiDTB ce6fl, — neysejiH axo naAOJiro, HaAecarRH j'brB? 



II. 

— Eirhy A•h;^y^I'B, — ropa^o cnopHx^ Ycxhh'b Gomh^'b cb cxapa- 

ROITB ^eXHCOBUM'B — CROJBRO BOpeBO^Ry HH BHXB, a ROHI^ 6UTfc. 

Mfloro OHH ne noBJiacxBynxi... 

— A qxo XH, MHJiHfi, CB HHMH noA*JaeniB?— B03paxaerB cxa- 
pHR'B. — y EHX-B CM a. A y HacB ^10? BoH-B xaxapM 250 jAtb ^ep- 
aajiHCB... nonycxHJTB FocnoAb, — ^Ero cBaxaa bojih. Cnia, MEjaift, 
cojiOMy iLouwrh.. 

— JIoMEX^, Aa* H caMa jiOMaexca... Tu box% ?xo, A'^A'b, CRasM... 
Tb[ BEAaji'B Ha saBOA'b npeccB?.. Ara, BHAas'B. A RaR'B xu AyMaemb, 
Moaflo, R'B npEM-hpy, axy RHary xaE'B npeccoM-B cAasEXB, woe-B oaa 
BpoA* nanEpocHoft 6yMarH cxajia?.. BoxTb xo-xo e ecxb, Tro cnepx^ 
B08MO]KHocxE HO cAaBHmB. A esojiE csepx^ BOSMoasHocxE cxasemb 
AaBEXB, npeccB xpecnexTb. He6ocb, 6pax^, — e ohe xpecnyrB. 

— ^a 061 9xoM'B E pasroBopa H'fcrB. SaaMO jsfkjiOy rohci^'b xoMy 
xijiy SyAex'B. CynpoxEB'B Bora noflAenib, Ao6pa ne RdJUjifimh. A xojibRi 
E xaE'B HaAO CRaeaxB,— noRa coJiHDie BsoftApx^, poca ohe bbAcxi. 

Buicfn poca o'ih, npeaA© 'liMt xpecaexTb npeccB, bjie e% 



wh rjiyxoiTB DBPsriKiK. 121 

BH-bcrB?..— il Mojqa cjiyma© axora cnopt, cjchdieomi xopomo snaKO* 
MsA. Offb nopju^KoiTB TaEH ycnliTB Ha^oicTB, xoTji H He norepfljTK 
aryiaro HHTepeca, Tam, vh nerepCyprk. H Bon TyrL, fb oyxoicb 
nepeyjift'b, na jihi^o oRasHBaerca totl ae sry^ HirrepecB, rb «e 
cpaBHeHifl Ha ctotl pocu h oieit, rb se npieMu apryHeHxaHiUH. 
OnflTb nopasaemBca He6iiiBaj[oit vb PocgIh o6n(HOCTH hcho cosHaHHUx^, 

paBHO HaA'B BCiMH BJEaCTHUXl odn^BHai^OHajIBHUXX HHTepeCOBX. 

Hhohho o6n(eHaE[ioHaj[LHHn>. ByAXo npHcyrcTByenib npH TanHCTB'b 
HpeBpameHui judackoS hujih wb Hai^iio. H co8HaB&fl bgk) neofiusHO- 

BOHHyH) BaSHOGTB dTOfl MeraMOp^^OBEI, eClH OHa, A^flGTBHTej[£HO, CO- 

BepniHJiacb, Sohhilch omH6HTbCH, 6o^niBCA b^phtb co6cTBeHHHMi> 
BueqaTjrbHifliTB. A o6o6n^a8 cboh Bne^axiiHiH, HyscTByemB, tto xo- 
AH^lt cMucj'B TaEHX^ cJtOB'B, saK'B, npHifbpHO, «npeBpani;eHie jiida- 

GEOfi nUJIH B'B HailiK)», He OXBaXBIBaerb SHBOS A'&flCTBHTeiLHOCTH^ He 

nepeAaerB BecBMa Gyii^ecTBeHHBa'B h BasHBirB MOMeHTOBi. 

He^aBHO cC.-nerepGyi^rcKiH B'^aomocth* xaKib xapasxepHSOBajiH 
HiiHtmHee HaerpoeHle EpecxBAHCKofl PogcIh: 

«^epeBEH sHBex^ hoboA iiHXopaAO^HoS shbhbjd, sojiHoit rj[y6oK0fi 
BHyxpeHHefl pa6oxu, 6uGxpo noABHraionteB niHposiH MacGU Rpe- 
«XBJU[GXBa no nyxn syiBxypBi h orpaHHsauin... B'B AepeBHflx^ npo- 
icxoAHTi» rjiyCosafl opraHHqecsafl pa6oxa, h ^noGxynaK)niui Macou 
xoAaxaflGXHTi o6'b oxspBixin cGyAo-cSeperaxeJUBHUXB h RpeAHXHux'B 
TOBapun^ecxB'B, noTpe6HXQj[BCKHrB o6n^ecxB'B k cejiBOKoxosaScxBeHfiBix^ 
apxejefi, a xaKse nocxpoflKaHOBUx^m&oji'B — pesyjiBxaxH xofi BHyxpes- 
Hefi pa6oxu, Koxopaa npoHCXO^nx^ B'B rjiy^HHi HapoAHurB MaG6i>... 

B'B axofl xapaKxepHCXHK'b ecxB ni^xo o6n(ee cb ycxHHOBofi 4^op- 
Myjiofl: «cBepx'B bobmoshocxh, HHKaKHifB npeecoifB He GAaBHmB». Kas'B 
HH CAaBJiena cefiqacB cxpana, ho shbhb 6epex% GBoe. H x'b, kxo npeA- 
GxaBJuerB o6£iBaxejEH HcnyraHHiiM'B, npHBHseHHiiirB, noxyxmnifB h 

HOXOilOA'i^BHIHMX, Ha CJEOJIBRO H nOHHMai), BO MHOFOITB onm6aK)XGA. 

06iiBaxej[B omejioujeH'B, o6BKBaxejiB nocxopoHHJicfl, ho oh'b SHBexob h 
iq>0A0i[»aexi HCKaxB HOB&ie cfl0G06B[ sh3Hh. FoBopn o npHAaBJueHHOCxi 
H npHHHseHHOcxH, ccujiaiDXCH rjiasHBiiTB oGpasoiTB Ha oxGyxcTBie rkrh 
^pM'B HapoAHaro ABHsemji, KoxopuKH 6uxh 6orarB B'B ooo6eHHOcxH 
1905 r. Ho axoTB apryMenrB ecjH h mosho npHHHicaxB bo BHHManie, 

TO A3>2Be CB ^HCXO .^aBXH^GGKOfi CXOpOHU A^JKeKO He CesycjiiOBHO. ^0 

GHX^B nop'B B'B PocgIh ecxB H 3a6acxoBKH, ecxB H arpapHoe ABHsenie, 
ecxB H HHoroe jifjToe, ^xo npHHHxo cqnxaxB HecoMHtHHBurB npHsna- 
KoifB peBOJIK)^loHHOcxH. Bce 8X0, Kone^HOy paspoBHeHHO, H, no GpaB- 
HeHiK) CB rpoMaMH 1905 — 1906 rr., SBy^nrB He rpoMKO. Ho oho ecxB, 
xoTH h hjioxo oxM'ikqaexcA rasexaiiH. ^^aKXH^eciuH GOo6n^eHifl axor^ 
poAa coRpan^enu nacxBK) cxapaniflMH i^eHsypu, qacxBD no npn^HHaifB 
6oji'be GJiosnaro GBofioxBa. 06n^eH3B%GXH0, nanp., B'B CHJiy RaRHXB 
GOo6paseHifi noGxpaAaBHiie otb oxbh deuaeBiaA^JiBipi BcaqecRu cxa- 
paDXCH, qxo6£[ vh nojHixefiGROM'B npoxoROJti o nosap'b vb dROHOMiH 
He 6ujio cRa3aH0 (j^pasu, soxopan B'B nepeBOA'i^ na hsur'b cxpaxo- 



122 A. IIETPHIIIISB'B. 

Buxi, areHTOBb osHa^aerB: «HapoAHHfl BOjmeHifl>. Ho ary oroBopKy 
oTHocHTeabHO ?HCTO ^aKTH^ecROfi cTopoHH ji^kud, iipHBOsy MeiRAy npo- 
^mwb. 6oo6me se cyiB coBcbirB hb b^ rbTh rsr hbutl $opHaxi> 
BOxneHifi. 

no cqacTJiHBofi cjiy^aSHOCTH, a cefi^acB BHsy t^x'b se saxojiycT- 
HHTB oGuBaxejefi, RaRHX'B Ha6jiK)AaA'B b'l pasrap'B «peBOJ[H)i4oHHaro 
noA'BeMa)^. H, cpaBHBBaji 6iJJiofi myicB cb HHEi^mEHM's KaKib 6y;rro 
saTHiEbeM'L, Tpyi^H0 He saMiiHTb coBepmeHHO hoboS h Kpafine xapaKr 
TepHofi qepiH. Tor^^a 6wl2l lara BcaKyK) mxyKy norpedoBaiB orB na- 
^ajELCTBa, ^a KaKOBofi HaJ^o6HocTH, B-B cjiy^ai qero, nofixH na mrypirb. 
Tenepb rb xe jdah, Eoxopue npemji^e Tpe6oBajiH, hIckojibko pacTe- 
paHHO 03flparoTca BOKpyrb ce6fl, h cl rope%K) KOHCTarapyrorB npn- 
CRop6Hufi $aarB: 

— Hnqero-TO y nacB wbvh, KaK-B ecxb HH^ero... 

9x0 roBopHXT» mh4 coci^'B-cjiecapB co6cxBeHHO no xoiiy csj^sxd, 
Hxo «y HacB Ha yjiHut npoiiaj^aexi spa box^ yae xpexifl KOJio;^e8B>. 
BoAOCHagseHie, BH^Hxe jih, B^'bcB aobojibho xaKH cRBepHoe. Xo^hxb 8a 
BOAofi Ha piRy,— OROJO BepcxH, a r-b piR* toctohbro hh npoflxH, hh npo- 
ixaxB. *B'b cjiy^at, noMHjiyfl Bof-b, noaapa, — coBciiTB Bom bbotb 
HerA'b». H boxi, en;e Ror^a cjecapB 6uji'b MaABqHROirB, HameiCH vh 

yjIHI^ XaROfi XOpomifi COCXOHXeiBHUfi qeJOB'bR'B, ROXOpufi BUptU'B 

sosjii cBoero oropo^a rojuo^^bsb na o6Hiiee noju»80BaHie: 

— CjiaBHBifi xaROfl 6ujib rojioj^bbb. MoacerB, py6jiejl nojixopacxa 

CXOHJl... 

H BecB oROJioxoRit noji[B30Baj[Cfl ROJioffleiTB, a ycxponxejib, noR» 
6usi> acHBi>, noMepsHBajn h peMOHXHpoBaJCB. Ho ycxpoHxejtB yHep'b. 
XtxH ero pasopHJiHCB. HajDcaeMHaa "lacxB cpy6a crHHJia. Ho so^y 
HSTi ROJiOAUja Bce xaRH 6ujlo hosho 6paxB. Tojibro pasi mea'B uhmo 
RaRofi-xo HBflHHfi M<bni;aHHH'B, nocROiBBHyjiCH, ynaji'B h yxoHyjTB. Epn- 
mjia nojiHiUH h rojio^osb sacunajia. Tor^a HameJicH apF^S Ao6p£it 

H COCXOflXeJIBHUfi qeJIOBtR'B, ROXOpuS BUROnaJTB APyrofl ROJIOAeSB, HO 

y ce6fl Ha ABopi, xoxh h npeAOcxaBHJi'B na o6n^ee nojBSOBaHie. Ho e 
xpyrofi ;^o6p£[fi qejiOBi^R'B yiiep'B. Koao^esB odsajiHJECH h xose no 
cjiyqaio RaRoro-|o HecqacxBa fiBUTB sacunaETB. Mrh 15 Hasa^i na- 
mejiGH xpexifi Ao6pHS ^bjiob'&r'b^ sHRonai'B hobhS ROJiOAea'B — noacpy6a 
Ha yjiHi^, nojicpy6a ce6'b na abop'b. Ho h xpexifl Ao6pufl ^bjiobIr'b 
ynep-B. KojiOAesB boxi»-boxt> o6BajraxcH. H bch yj[Hn,a no axoMy ciy- 
qai) axaeTB. 

— Bh pasoqxHxe, — AepeBa na iionpaBRy Hy3KH0 caiioe 6oiBffloe 
Ha nojTTHHHHR'B. Ekojih co6paxBCH qeJOBiRaM-B naxH, — Bcefl pa6oTBi 
^ xpH ?aca. HojiBsyDxcH rojioai^om'b He MeHBme, RaR'B naxBAecax^ 
;^BopoBx. H Bce xaRH nnqero y HacB He bhxo;^hxi. Coik]Sfiuc&, noro- 
BopHM-B H pasofiAeMCH. A TTofifi CBioxHXBca ;^a cfl;4jiaxB, — sxoro y 
HacB He BBixoAHXTi... ^a TTo ROJiOj^esBl Hycxoe jijbuo — npopyfib Ha 
piR-b Bi> 8HMHee BpeMH. Koxopaa 6a6a nepBaa yxpoMi sa Boxot 
HffexTb, xa H npopy6Ry pyfinx^. A ocxajTBHHfl yaPB sa Hero cjrbffoirb. 



mjfjTb. 3a 3HMy-T0 npopy6iia o6JIe;^eH4e^B, ocMHSHera. K-b Bo;^4-Ta 
?yTb He nojiBROH'B na^o no^finpai^cii. To h rjiAAH ocKOJUbSHemLCjer h 
ynj^eniB. H bc4 axaDTB, — Ha^o 6h o6py6HTb HaMeparaift jie;^i, Ha^o 
6u vb nopAAOR'B npHBecTH. A jijb^o hh ch MtcTa. HafiAercii oxo^ift 
^ejoBtKTb, — npHBeAeTB npopyfiKy wb nopaAOKi, ne Hafi;^eTCfl, — Tasi^ 

CTOHPB... 

OCHBaiejib, cjioBHO cjiineu-B npospiBmifl, B;Q)yrb jBEojbji'h, nm 
wb csfucjit o6ii^ecTBeHHo8 caMo^i^JiTejibHOCTH y Hero h BOspyrB 
Hero BOHCTHHy nycTOia, nyjiB, nihil. Ecjih b-l ;^epeBHi, fijiaroAapa 
o6n^HH'b, ecTL Koe-RaRie py^^HMeHTu opraHHsoBannaro cTpoHxejiBCTBa 
coBMicTHOft aHBHH, TO Bi ropoAaxi H oco6eHHO cpe;^H pyccRaro, no 
Ha^i0HaJ[BH0CT^, HacejieHlH, cjioaRHJiacB RaR^-6u npuBu?Ra AynaTB, 
qTO Bce RaR'B-HH6yAB ycTpoHTCH jih6o na^ajiBCTBOM'B, jih6o HSCj^HBe- 
HieiTB cjryqaflHaro ;i;o6paro qejOB'bRa. Bii nepBuS trg jifiUh npiisAa 
ciDAa MHi npnniJiOGB BecTH xapaRTepnyio 6Qcijij cb h^rotoplimh 
HaH6oj[ie no^eTHi^H npExosanaMH mIcthoU i^epRBH. Y hhxi bob- 
HHRja MBicjiB ycTpoHTB npH n;epRBH xoTH 6h «RaRylD-HH6yJ^B i^eHTpy*. 

Ha BOnpOCB, AJIH RaROfi HMeHHO Haj(06H0CTH, OHH GTaJEH H3JiaraTB CBOU 

noaRBJiaHia. CjrecapB odiacHHJi'B, ^to botb, moji-b, ki> npHMipy xoth 
6h KOIo;^e8B,— TenepB a^ho hh cb irtcTa, a ecjiH 6h ycipoHTB ^eHTpy, 

TO C06paJIHGB 6bI, nOCTaHOBHJIH H GH^JIBJLVI, CTapHRy ^eTHCOBy xotI- 

jiocB 6h, npnifbpHO, vb npasAHHqHBiS aohb co6paTBCH, eBanrejiie no- 
^HTaxB H 6osecTBeHHOirB noTOJROBaTB. H'bcROJEBRO qejiOB^Rx 3aroBo- 
pHiH 6H6jiioTeRi, RTo-To ynoMHHyji^ noMomH 6i;(HHRairB... Boo6n^e' 
HaAo6H0CTH, AJTH ROTopux'B Morjia 6bi npnroAHTBCH <i](eHTpa», HencqH- 

CIHMU. MOH C06eciAHHRH B'B CyH^HOCTH HpoeRTHpOBaJIH II,^B[fi pfl^'B 

pasjiHqHBix'B o6n(ecTB'B, Rasu^utt coo6pa3HO cBoeiiy BRycy. H ecm 6bi 
HrB npeAHOJioseHiH ocymecTBHTB, noJiyqaJiocB 6h ni^TO b-b po;^4 Rjyfia, 
o&BeAHHHDHiaro cjioxHyio ctTB o6niecTBeHHHX'B opraHEsai^fl Aannaro' 
OROJUOTRa, TeppHTopiajBHO coBHaAaion^aro cb npnxoAOM^. Ho dTO, hobto- 
pflK), ecAH MucJB pasBepnyTB. HoRa se ona npeACTaBjiflercfl mohm'b 
co6ec']b;^HHRaM'B B'B RpaiiHe cyuMapnoM'B h Aase TyMannoiTB brji,^: 

— HaMi> ramB 6h r^t'CHJio npHTRHyTBca... Hpeaj^e fiHBaJio xotb 
B'B Ra6aRi, R0r;^a cbo6o;^ho, napoA^B yBHAHniB. A TenepB ara caifaa 
BHHonojlfl, H RaRi ecTB HeRyAa a'^tbch... 

— A noqeMy — cnpamHBaiD, — bh xothto npHTRHyxBca npH ii,epRBH? 

— Aa RyAa Kb Rpoirb? Ohhtb se h cBHn^eHHHR'B roBopnrB, ^to 
TdEi OHO Jierqe... 

CopraHHSOBaTB Maccu Bosjii i^epRBH bi npe^tjiarB Raz;i;aro ot- 
l^jiBHaro npHxoAa... Mhcjib 8Ta oco6o o6jiH)6oBaHa peaRiijioHHBiMH 
ORpyraMH. H yae oj^ho to, ^to ofiuBaiejiB cTajiTb hoaxo^htb r-b neft, 
jierRO MoseTB 6HTb ncTOJiROBaHO, RaRx chmhtom'b peaRi^ln, «0Tpe3- 
BieHi&» H «ycnoRoeHla>. Ctojb se jierRo h oT^acTH B'B TaROM'B »e 
HMeHHO po;i'b HCTOJROBaH'B HefiuBajio 6ucTpLifi pocrB npo(|)eccioHajiB- 
HBix'B, ROonepaTHBHBK'B H BCHRHxi) HHBix'B opraHH3a^ijB. HeosHAaH- 
Haa sasRA^' rnHpoRHxi. MaccB opraHnsoBaTBCH na ho^b^ MejiRaro 



124 A. USTFOm^SBl^. 

6yAHH?Haro 6j[aroycTpoeHifl acflSHH jifl ghh uopb yqHTBifiaeToi mho- 
rHMH, KaKx 7na;][0R'b HacTpoenifl. IIoa'b hIcrojibko ycjioBHOfi s cse- 
i^H^EqecKofl KJiH'iiKoS: «Kyj[bTypHaji pa6oTa> nouuTKH opraHHSOBaxbCfl 
^axe npoTHBonocxaBJuuDTCJi «noj[HTHK'b>. H cl sB^bniHefl CTopoHK dT« 
HCTOJ[ROBaHie $aKTa mosbtb KasaTbcji Bnojiffb npaBAonoAo6HiiM'B. B'b 
cauoM'B ^^i, — BorB MOH cociAH JSfidk ro^a Hasa^'B co6Hpaj[HCB na no- 
iHTH?ecKie MHTHHrn vb JEicjy a xenepb opranHsyioTCfl, uem^j npo- 
qflM'B, M^ ycTpoficTBa o6mecTBeHHaro KOJiOAita. JIcHoe, KasHCB, 
;^o, UTO BO*nepBBirB ROJuoAesb — yiipessAeme KyiBTypHoe, a, bo-bto- 
puxx, coBC'bM'B He nojEHTHsa. Ho npH BceirB cBoem BH^bmneirb 
iipaBAonoAo6iH sto HCToasoBame (j^asra, mh^ Kasexca, CTpa^aerB, 
MesAy npo^Miy^ cji'bAy^niiHM'B ocHOjsHUirB HeAocxaTROM'B. Oho cvb- 
niHBaoxB cxpoMJieHie ri opraHusoBaHHOMy h cano^^xejibHOMy expo- 
Hxej[BcxBy SH3HH (TB xoK) ^opMOJBo, B'B RaRyio dxo cxpoHJieHie BOUO- 
ii^aexGH. 

Heo6xoAHMO npHBHaxB, qxo sasAa oGBiBaxejiefi r'b opraHHSOBan- 
HOMy cocxoHHiK) Bonjon^aexca noRa ^OBOiBHO-xaRii njioxo h ne- 
y^aqno. .^a h RaR'B nafixH yAaqnyio ^opiiy o6n](ecxBeHHofi caMO^- 
flxejiLHOcxH B'B ycjKOBUirB rfinepxpo^HpoBaHHo-noJiHi^eScRaro rocy- 
AapcxBa? H caMa no cefii ^KasAa caMOA'bJixejibHOCxH noRa cjiHniROM'B 
o6n^a, cyMMapHa, ciiHrnROifB cjiado en^e AH^^^penippoBajiHCb h onpe- 
aIjihjihcb BRycu, noxpefiHocxH, HacxpoeniH. Ecjih BupasaxBCji syiB- 
rapHO, oOuBaxeib npexi> vb opraHHsaiUK) pa^H caMofi opraHH3ai{iH» 
upeacAe qtirb BSBicnxb^ qxo eny Hy»Ho h hxo no Aynii. HaRoneitB^ 
o6biBaxeji[bCRajB[ xara r'b o6'BeAHHeHiiD yqHXHBaexca cb pasHuxB cxo- 
poH'Bf dxy ROBjJD xHiy cxapaiDxca BRcnjiyaxHpoBaxB paBjinqnue aie- 
MeHxu, B'B xoM'B HflCjri H xaRio, oxB Roxopuxib B0u6nie oCbiBaxeib 
He cRJiOHeH'B sAaxB Ao6pa<i RaR'B HSBtcxno, sHaqHxeiBnyK) anepruD vb 
cMBicji'b opraHHsaipH BcaRaro poAa xoBapHn];ecxffB npoHBinexB «coi)3'b 
pyccRaro HapoAa»,— oco6eHHo B'B Boro-aanaAHOirB Epa'b. CxapanxcH 
opraHHBOBaxB Roe-qxo oroao npHXOAOB'B cBflmeHHHRH H apxiepei. B'B 
ToiTB se HanpaBJieHiH xjonoqyx'B MHorie hhhobhhrh pasHHX'B si- 
AOMCXB'B, AO nojiHi^eftcRaro BRJuoqExejiEBHO. ^ase OAeccRifi reneparB 
ToJiMaqeB'B BHCxynaexi B'B pojiH opranHsaxopa nopxoBiix'B pa6oqHX'B. 
H noBHAHMOMy^ BOBce He cjyqafiHocxB, qxo MesAy vkau noqexHUMH 
npHxosanaMH, o ROxopurB h cefiqacB ynoMnnaJi'B, ORasajiocB aobojibho 
xapaRxepHoe paanorjiacie: oahh coBciM'B corjiacHU «npHXRHyxBCji 
bosjA i^epRBH», a Apyrie onacaioxcH. 

— ByAexB HaMH BepxoBOAHXB non-B,— qejiOB'bR'B RaseHHUl. A 
xaMi, rjLflAHHiB, H nojiHipH ORaacexcfl. A mh RaR'B Olijih hu npn qeirB, 
xaRi h ocxaHOMca hh npH qeiTB... 

— A nycxB— BospaaaBorB hm-b — xoxb qopxB, a ne xojubro hom'b. 
Oh'b ce6i RaR'B xo^exB, a mu Ha cboH Manep'B noBepneirB... 

CiBLmaxca h npHMHpnxejibHue apryMcnxbi: 

— ^xo aci noH'Bl.. Oh'b y nacB en;e nnqero, — cjana Bory. He 
qepHOCoxejiBHHR'B. HoneqnxejiBcxBO npKXOACRoe ycxpoHjTB. ToarB no- 



B'B rjiyxoifL DEPsyjiRft. 125 

■o^ien HapoAx oGieAHEHTB. noA^HBaerib nacb reneps onroirb xjvb&b 
BunicaTb. n OHO 6u ^^ScTBHTejiBHo, — eacem outoitb, noqExafi, na 
20 Kon. BX nyA* pasHHiia. To pyfijB raecTB^ecarB, a to py6jiB co- 
poK'B, — paBCTert!.. HirB, noni y nacB npasHJibHiifl. 

EcTB H eme apryiieHTL, o6e8KypajKHBaiomi9 o6i cTopoHu: 

— 3pfl BH Bce... Uowh, noiTB... He b-b nont jsjbjLO. Tm botl wt 
pascyw. Bbiji^ tu Hun^e, k'b npniiipy, Ha TpoHquHx AeHB vl 
i^epuH? Mnoro jib napoxy TaM'B nac^HTajTB? Bce paBHo Rasi Ha 
nafflffh xyfl;ofl: kojiocb otb KOJioca, — ne cjraxaTB ;^^BH'^BH^o rojoca. A 
5uBaio, BcnoMHH-Ka, ckojibro Ha TpoEipiiHT» ;ieHB Hapo^a vh uepsBH. 
IlpoTHCHyTbCfl HeRyAa. Bi> o6mopor'b otb jsjxotu jlioah naAajiH... 
Kto TenepB r^b nepRBH xoji[EirB? Botb mbi no ctapEH^ eme 6uBdi,QWb, 
ita H TO CB jitHi^oft. A ROTopHe noMOJioae, — htb h vh uepRBH-TO 

HHROFAa He BHAHmB. KorO STB TH, BBIXOAHTB, BOSJit nepRBH CB^THHIB? 

Te6fl Aa Menn, a^ nacB cb To6ofi? Jifi'i Raji'bRH ci nojioBHHOll? A 

MOJIo;^B^^B, Roropiie nopacToponnie 6yJ^y^B, BRa^HTB, npo% oTp-bsaTb?.. 

9to coficTBeHHO ptaaromifl apryMenrB. SAinraaro «nona», roto- 

pBifi B086y»cAaerB h na^esAU h onacemn, A^ficTBHTejiBHO, Hejrbdfl 

HaSBaTB «qepHOCOTeJIBHHROM'B». nOBHAHMOMy, OWh IHCTOCCpAeTOO, SCBTb 

saAHHi-B noMTH^ecRHrB i^ijieft aeJiaerB cc^bothtb napoA^*. H no- 
BHABMony^ HCRpeHHO orop<iaeTCH, ?to npHxoasane iheib BucjiyDni- 
BanrB ero aoboau o nojiBS'b eAHHOHiH, He BOspaacanrB, noAAasH- 
BanrB, ho ott» npaRrnqecRHXi maroB'B yRjioHflioTCJi: 

— B^A^, fl AM Baraefi ae hojibbh roBopro, — ypeaoHHBaerB oh-b 
ipixosaB'B. — Bu caMH nocyAHTe... 

— ^TO yaiPB TyTB. ^4jI0 BHAHMOe. 

— B'bAB, HaAO se caMHirB 6paTBCfl. CaMH ne no3a6oTHMca, RTt 

• HaCTB HOBafiOTHTCH? 

— Hbb4ctH0... RTO 7BJ>, RpoiA HaCB... 

— Hy BOTB H BaiTB H TOBopH), — coCepeMCH, noAHHrneiTB yCTaBTfc 
H HomjeM'B... 

— JI,a yjRi RaR'B-HHfiyAB co6epeMCH... KaRi-flndyAB nocBo6oAH4e 
CTaneTB, — mbi h Toro— osaCoHeHHO OKan^HBaerB npHXoaaHHFB, bchom- 
HHBmift BAPyTB, ^0 eMy o<ieHB h o^eHB HOKorAa... 

HtTB, MyApenoe a*JO — npn AaHHBFXTb ycJiOBiHX'B nafiTH $opMy aaa 
epraHHsai^H. H ne AapoifB cefi^acB cpeAH o()£iBaTejiefi saMiTHo 
oxiasAenie r'b jnerajiBHUM'B ^opifainb opraHHBOBanHaro cocTOHHifl 

WOA'B BHAOITB npO$eCCiOHaJIBHBIX'B 0010308% H ROOliepaTHBHBIX'B TO- 

Bapnn^ecTB'B. BorB SAicB^ b^b rjyxoiTB nepeyjiR* TenepB, ho 6yAB 
CTOJiB BHa^HTejiBHBnrB pejiarioBHoe pacxoaA^Hie MeacAy cTapniHM'B h 
MJiaxniHirB noROJitHieii'B, no Bcefi b%pohthocth, qTO-JiH6o yAajtocB 6h 

eT>»THTB (XOTH H BpflA^ JH HaAOJIFO) BOBJlt I^epRBH Ha coBepmeHHt 

jierajiBHBixi ocnoBaHiaxi h hoa'b npasocJiaBHHM'B $jiaroirB. Ho 6hiji# 
6bi oniH6R0fi no eTHMib ocHOBanlHM'B h no BTOMy $jiary cyAHTB o 
HacTpoemH o6HBaTejifl h ero o6pa34 MHCJuefi. Bo bcbrom'b cjiyqai, 
$opMa, BTb RaRyH) oSjieRaeTca aaacAa oe^eAHHenifl, ne TaR'B yapB 



126 A. IIBTPHIIliBB'&. 

MHoro o6'LjicaaerB. H jifin HacB ropasAO HHTepecHte axa asaa^a 
cana no ce6i, bi efl, TaffB cKasaxB, nepBOHaHaJTBHOH'B bejs^, hb- 
HCKaJBeHHOicB ycjioBiflMH BpeMOHH. Ilpesj^e Bcero, BABa jih mosho 

COMUisaTBCH, TTO OHa CTOHrB B'B npflMOfl GBA3H CB MOpaJIBHUirB Kpy- 

memeii'L aBTopHTexa BjacTH. «HaM'L He^ero pascyacAaTb, — Ha^ajiB- 

CTBJ BHAH'6e», — Ha TB,KOWb, UJ^R6jLSL3ETQShIL0, OCHOBaHlH CJIIieCTBO- 

Bajia jiK)ACsafl nush. cBHAaTB, EaEoe y nac^ HanajibCTBO, Ha^o ca- 

MHM'B 066% npOMUinjflTb»,— Ha XaKOMl, npH6jIH3HTeJ[LH0, OCHOBaHiH 

HaqHHaerB cRjiaAUBaTBCH Tarorbme si> opraHH»OBaHHofi oSn^ecxBeHHoft 
2;h3hh, Ha^HHaeTB cKiaAUBaTBca to, "Ito mosho nasBaTh Haii;iefi. 06- 

n^HOCTB JiSHEa, 06lI^H0CTB HHXepeCOB'B npHXOAHTCA CraBHTB fajSflWh CO 

CTpeMjieHieM'B k^b cojiHAapnoMy, opraHHSOBaHHOHy CTpoHxejiBCTBy shshh. 
9x0 jifii cTopoHH oAHoro H Toro ae npoi^ecca, noBxopflro, xicnifi- 
mEWb odpasoifB caasaHHaro cb rjiydoRHM'B naAenieM'B aBTopHxexa 
AaHHofi BjiacxH. 

OfiHBaxejiBCKyK) xary o6%eAHHaxBca, A*ftcTBo;BaTB cojiHAapno, nacxo 
cBOAflxnb K'B npo(|)eccioHaj[BHOMy h Kooi/epaxHBHOMy ABHseHiio, k'l 

nOCXpOflKt HOBUX'B HIKOJI^B H B006ll^e S'B «RyjIBXypHOft pa6oxi» B'B 

ysKOiTB, no^XH xexHHqecKOiTB CMHCjit eiMX-B cjioBi. j^yMaexcJi, oa- 
HaKO, ^xo xaR'B HastiBaeifafl «KyjiBxypHaA pa6oxa» jhhihb ^acxHOCXB 
^OJOimofi KapxHHu. To HCRpu 6oja[binoro orsCfl, py^efiRH BeiHKOfi 
ptRH. ^a, cxpeMJieHie shxb opraHHsoBaHHO, nesAy npowMi, Bonjio- 
n^aexca B'B npo^eccioHajEBHBixB h BCJiRHrB hhbexb co¥)3axB. Ho, no- 

MHMO CODSOBl, eCTB MHOrOO APJI^OO, BO BGflROlTB QHJlsA HB MBHte Xa- 

paRXBpHoe. 

Me»Ay npOHEMI), «Ki6BCRHMH B'bcXflMH» 6UJ[0 OXMi^IBEO JO[K)60* 
nUXHOB HBJIBHiB B'B ^BpHHXOBCROfi ry66pHiH. Sa^CB, RaR'B H B'B APy- 

THX-B ryeBpHiflx-B ^BpHosBMHOft HOJOCBi, CHJiBHo pacnpocxpaHBHa 
«Hcnoj[Bii(HHa>, X. 6. apBHAa bbmjh RpBcxBflHaMH «H8^ nojiOBHHH ypo- 
aaa, npH qoM-B o6pa6oxRa, odciMBHBHiB e y6opRa jieacHxi Ha o6a-' 
saHHocxH ap6HAaxopa-HC^OJIB^^HRa». «HcnojiBn;HHa,— oe'Bacnaj'B Eop- 
PBCUOHABHTB «Ki6B. BicXBfl*, — ^pBBBBI^aftflO BuroAHa A^a co6cxBeH- 
HHROBB, xaR^ RaR'B caMUM'B yHponiiBHHUM'B cnoco6oirB BK) pasp'fe- 

maBTCa BCBrAa fiOJBHOft ' BOnpOCB O Hafili'h CBJIBCROXOaafiCXBBHHBIX'B 

pa6oqHX^ H^xpyAHaa saAaqa coABpaaHia CROxa». HcnojUBmMRy xq ero 
nojiopHEH ypoaaa «6ABa xsaxaBXTb na M'icai^'B-Apyroft, h bbcb orpoM- 
HBifl xpyA^ Ha o6pa6oxRy h pacxoA'B Ha oficiMBHBHiB nojiBfi (no 8 
nyAOB-B Ha AecaxHHy) cnjiofflB H paAOM'B hb B03Bpani.aioxca». H BorBxe- 

HBpB (bBCHOH) HMHtfflHarO TOAa) «Ha6jIK)Aa6XCa HOBOB HBBHAaHHOB B'B 

^BpHHroBCRofi ry6. sp'bjiHn^B: MaccoBBifi oxRas^ ovh apoHAOBaHia sbmjih 
y noMin^HROB^. Ecjlh B'B xb^bhIb nojiyB^Ra noM'ibn^H^BB xosaficxBO 

ROpMEJOCB HHn^BHCXByiOniBfi AepBBHBfi, BUCaCUBafl HSl HBa HaHoa- 

6ajiBHifiniBfi (|)opMOfi apBHABi nocjrbAHiB corh, xo xbqbpb Hacxynnj'B 
MOMBHX'B, RoxAa 8R0H0MH?6CRaa 6B3CMUcj[flqa axofi Ra6ajiu cxajia acaa 
H HocjiiAHBMy RpBCXBaHHHy KaRofi, B'B caMOM'B a4ji*> cmhcji'b nojy- 
TOXB B'B pB3yjiBxarh 3a CBofl RaxopaHBifl xpyA^b B'B tb^bhIb nojiyroAa 



B'B TXYXOWh nSPByjEK'b. 127 

iioiOBHHy «o6LiqHaro sa nocjilAHle ro^a c6opa cb AecflTUHU» 25 ny- 
AOFB, sa BuqeTOMi 8 ny;^. Ha^ o6oiMeHeHie»... «no]rbn(HRH xenepb 
ynpamHsaDrb RpecT&flHib BSflTb sghilid bi> apeHAy> npe^JiaraiDrB ibfot- 
HUfl ycjiOBifl, Hanp., ^/3 yposa^ cl apoBoro nojut, npe^itaraiDTB vb 

AOJETB ciMBHa... Ho KpeCTbflHe... 06'bHMtI pysaMH OTMaXHBaDTCJi... H 

Boiefi-HeBOjefl nontmHsy npHXOAHTCJi HanHiiaTB paSo^HX'B a^ o6pa- 
60TSH nojiefi, npio6piTaTb csoinb h CTaTB B'B saBHCHMOCTb ovb Tofi 
cpeAu, KOTopyiD ohi npHBus'b BBj^iTS o6HBaK)meK) ero noporH cb 
HeHBMtHHOK) npocb6oH) CAavb 8eMJiHii,Ki. MHoriH He chjibeha noMt- 

n^H^BH XOSflfiCTSa BUBySA6HH 6yAyTl> OTKasaTBCJI OPB CaMOCTOHieJIB- 

Hofi o6pa6oTSH, sa neHMiHieiCB Ha to cpeACTB^... HBiHi^ 6apHH'B ua- 
Hflercfl MysHRy: bobbmh, 6paTei:(^, BeuH), MHoraro He noTpe6yH). H 
o6Eiikm,B,jLue RpecTBane... otjih^ho nyBCTByfiOTB Boe npeBocxoncTso 
cBoero HOBaro noJioaceHia. TanepB mu na BepcH,— roBoparB ohh, — 
xoTB H cepAi^e 60JIHTB (Tjixejo oTRasaTBCH otb caiiocTOflTejiBHoft 
o6pa6oTRH seMJiH), xa fi mbi na BepcH» *). 

KcTaxH CRaeaxB, apeHAHan 8a6acT0BRa Ha6j[K)AaeTCfl cefi?aci» ne 
TOjiBKO B'B ^epHHroBCROfl ry6. EcTB ona h en^e Roe-r;^'&. noji;BepraiDTGfl 
.3a6acT0BRt, Ras'B seMjin noirbn^H^BH, laR'B pasHo h seiuiH, cRynjieH- 
EUE KpecTBAHCRHifB 6aHR0M'B. MtcTaMH RpecTBHHe RaTeropH^eoRH 
oTRasBiBaDTCA apoflnoBaTB «6aHROBCRy]o 8eMJiK)» H na Bci yBiniiaHia 
HaqajiBCTBa, na B&b nocyjoj «:AaTb jiBroTy» oxB^^aiorB: 

— He CB pyRH. JtenerB ntx^. He cb qero BsaxBca... 

Oxciojia BOBce, ROHe^HO, ne cjrbjijerh, qxo RpecxBaHcxBO, Hanp., 
HepHHTOBCRofi ry6epHiH cosepmeHHO opraHHsosajiocB. CR0jaiR0-HH6yAB 
luoxHofi H o6mHpHOfi opraHHsaipH xaBTB, HaF&pHoe, Birh. Comhh- 
TeiBHO, ecTB jiH A^use Boo6n^e cR0jiBR0-HH6yAb saMixHBifl op^aHH8a^ifl» 

0(|»OpiUeHHUA BBaHMHUMH oCflBaxeJIBCTBaMH UeHOB^, BSHOCaMH, BU- 

6opHUMH ROMHxexaMH u X. A- Mfirib Rasexcji^ B'B AaHHOM^ cjiyqat 
rpoMaAHyi) poJiB Hxpaexi npes^e Bcero rorh OAHHaROBuft yierb $aR- 
TOBi o6mHpHBiMn RpyraifH HaceJieHUi h xa yAHBHxejLBHa& o6mHOcxB 
HBBiRa, RoxopBixii & roBopHJTB BUHie. «EieBCRifl BtcTH* oxuiqaiDX'B: 
«dROHOHH<iecRafl 6e8CMBicj^fii^a (hchojibiiihhbi) cxajta flcna h nocjr&AHeiiy 
RpecxBjiHHHy». Ho oHa ji^b^qbo ne xenepB tojibro cxajia acna. «Be8- 
CMUcjiHi^a» 6B[Jia acHa HcnojiBniiURy h panbrne. H RaR'B panBine, xaR'B 
H xenepB, efi npoxHBOcxoaxnb h ncuxojiorHiecRifl npH^HHH (scysHi^Rafl 
saAHOcxB R'B seiiJi'ik) h Roe-RaROfl BROHOMHqecRifi pasc^ierB. Tpy^a-xo, 
b%jbi;b, Bce paBHO neRy^a A'&BaxB, — xaR'B ecjiH 8a jrbxo xoxb Ha ^sa 
Micfli^a xjit6a 8apa6oxaemB, — h xo Jia^Ho. Tyxx MHoro Bna^Hxi h 

ffhROXOpHft CXaAHHfi HHCXHHRTB, — O^HH'B yXBaXHJTB, Jl,fJTBWb OXCXaXB 

He xoqeTca. Hacxo npoxHBop'bqHBBie h bo BCHR(fcrB cjiy^a'S Rpaftne 
pa8HOo6pa8H£ie HHAHBHuyaiBHBie pascqexH h liodya^eHia Raa^aro 
ox^tJiBHaro xosHficTBa 6ujih a ocxaioxcH npoxHBop'ibqHBBiMH h pasno- 
oCpaBHUMa. H noBXopHio, MH'b HenBB'bcxHO^ y^ajiocb jih ^epHH- 



*) „KieB. BtcTH', 15 MaA. 



126 A. vxTFJunjiVb. 

roBGRHiTB KpecTBiiHaM'B HafixH $opHy juA opraHHsaj^H. Ho ooiie 
HJH uewbe nojiHaa o6mHOGTB Bzvjuijifiwb e CROj[Bao-HE67;i;b jkcho 
cosnaHHafl norpeSHOCTB A^ficTBOBaTB coJiH^apHO MoryrB 6eitb cjp- 
poraTOiTL ^opiiajiBHofi opranHsaiUH. H npn cjiywb BecBMa ne nio- 
XHiTB cypporaTOiTB. II ecjiH yqETUBaiB CTpeMJieHie ki> opraHHsoBaH- 
HOCTH no pocxy EOonepatHBEHTB iipefl?ipiflTifi, to tjs^ ocHOBame 
He saarbiaTB Toro »e crpeMieHi^ b'b caMOifB ^asTi apeHAHoJI 3a6a- 
CTOBKH? ApeHOTaa 8a6acT0BKa TpeOyen. bo bchkom-l ciy^at fioxfce 
eCniHpHOfi H fioji'be rjiyOoRoft cojiHAapHOciH, 6ojr6e njEOXHOfi AHci^in- 
iHHH, qtM'B cejEBCKafl noTpe6HTejn>CKafl j[aBRa.| 

KoHe'iHO, H apeHAHHfl 8a6acT0BRH jihoib o^na ii3% mhofix'b 
lacTHOCTefi B'B o6mefi RapTHHi. Ha pji^y c'b hhmh mo»ho 6u, Ha- 
npHMip-B, nocTaBHTB ynopnyi) 6opB6y RpecTBancTBa cb scMjieycTpoH- 
TejiBHHMH npeAHaiepTaHJEHu npaBHTejiBCTBa. ^ocxaxo^Ho sanoMHHTB 
xoTfl 6£i TyjiBCRofl ry6epHiH, fa^ npaBHTejuBCTBOHEBie seMJfe- 
ycTpoHTejiH, Ra^excfl, yse b'b xpexijl' pasi* sanoBO h na HOBBifi 
jiaA'B pa8MeseBB[BaK)XT» CRynjieHHyio eaeROMX sbmjik) hojb 0Tpy6- 
HBie yqacTRH, caMH He ssas, RaRoft hs'b axoro mosctb bbiSxh tojiki. 
HeqaxHurB cBiA^Hifi o xyjiBCRHX'B seiueycTpoHxeBHurB npHRJiio^e- 
HurxB MHi He y^ajiocB HaMxH. Ho eojiH BtpaxB pascRasairB irfacr- 
msTb jiioAefi, 6jiHsaftme npH^acxHBLCB r'b seMJieycTpoHxejiBHHH'B 
aRcnepHMeHxaii'B, js^jlo 6ujlo Ha^axo mnpoRO h cb HaAeacjuaMH Ha 
ycnirB. Jlfiuerb He trbjAir, SeMJientpu pasMeseBajiH seMiD Ha ot- 
py6a. HHSRenepH na yqacxRarB, y^ajieHHBix'B oxt» ecxecxBeHHuxB 

BOAHBDTB HCTO^HHROB'B, BBTpBUH apxeslaHCRie ROJIOAI^U. HOJOJSJIH 8TH 

10 cnrB nopTb cxoaxi npasflpo cpe^H nojiefi h ayro»B, h6o pacnpe- 
;^jiHXB oxpy6a, odosna^eHHBie 8thh'b nepBBurB pa8Me»eBaHiem», 
cpoAH RpecTBflFB coBepmeHHO He yxaiocB. SeMjeycxpoHxejiH 8Hep- 
raqecRH npeAJiarajra RpecxBHHairB BocnojiBBOBaxBCfl 6jn[aroA'bflHifliiH 
npaBHxejOiCTBa, ho hxi aHepiiH pa36Hj[acB o Heo6HRHOBeHHoe oahho- 
Aynrie, uesKpj npo^HifB, AepeBencRHX'B 6a6'B, p'&maxejiBHO BaflBEBmHTB, 
MTO no TOMy HJiaHy, no RaROMy pa86HXH oxpySa, coBciM'B nejiBBH. Ho 
MHorEiTB npH^HHaM'B HOJiBSfl. JI,a BorB, Ri npnirbpy^ AO^-HeBtcxa, ;^o 
E8B'kcxHoe, e3 Haffo ^epsaxB naBHAy,— EHaHeoTRyAasceHHXiB08BMeTCfl? 
— EsejiE, MOJTB, nocejiHTBCfl, HO-BameMy, y ^opxa na RyjtH^Raxi^ 

TO HE AO^Ra MOE HEROFO HO yBEIUarB, HE eS HHRXO. TaR'B qTO-SKB ett 

B'B ;^'hBRax•B Hxo-JIB BiROBaxB npERaaexe? Hm, wb npBM*py, cbbtb, — 
HaAO ero sennxB. Tjijb'iB^ xs neBicxy npECMoxpEniB, sebe na oxiert.. 
He xbi SERoro He yBEAEniB, he xe6E herto. ^a e caME mbi ne^TO 

CXHMSERE EJE 8aXB0pHERE RaRlO? H FB I^epROBB CXO^EXB, E Ha HO- 
CEA^JIRE, E R'B CO(A][flWb Vb FOGTE... TOSTB E HaM'B C'B JIIOABME nOIXH 

sopEXB xonexcfl. A'bu crexob'b nosaA'bjiajiE... 

SeMJDLeycTpoExenE pasMeaseBajiE oxpy6a na sobhA Jia^ib e npHirb- 
HBxejiBHo R'B HOBOMy 8aj^aHiH) — xoTB CR0J[BR0-HE6yfl;B o6jier?EXB fiyj^y- 
n^HM'B ^epMepaiTB bo8MO»hogxb o6nieHiE. Ho e npoxEB'B HOBaro niaBa 
HamJiECB BOspaaceBlE: 



b'B TJiyxowb n£P£yjiKiK. 129 

— A KTO 6yAerb BO^y hochtl? Hjih, k'l npHMipy, shmok),— kto 
6jjifiTb Aopory kt. KOJioj^qaMTb ^hcthtb? 

Cjiobom'b^ oxpySa/ pacnojioaeHHHe cb pasc^eToicB na o6ii;eHie 
$epMepoBi>^ oKasajracB HenpHroAHHMH no yAaJieHHOcTH otb hcto^hu- 
KOBi» B0A0CHa6seHifl. ToiAa seMJieycTpoHTeAH cTajiH MesesaTb B'B xpe- 
Tifi pasii HaHOBO... H, uoBHAHMOMy, o^eHB HeroAyiorB na to, qxo 

«MyaKHK'B OROH^axeJlBHO H36aJ[0BaJICfl»... H B'B CaHOM'B A^Jii, npHHOlf- 

HHie, KaKx 6bijio en^e o^ohb HeAasHO, Kor^a «MysnK'BHe 6ajioBaj[Cfl». 
3a KaxfffiA rjiorx schjih ofb totob-b 6wn> yxBaxHXBCji xaK'B se 
cxHxiflHO, sas'B HTHi^a jieTHXB na KOHOniiK), jiexHT^* HiB oSpan^afl bhh- 
MaHifl Ha CHJiKH H BanaAHH, cb eAHHCxBeHHUMi ynoBanieifB: 

— Abocb, BorB AacTB, BHspy^ycB. 

fl HeBOJiBHO npHnoMHHaK), Kasi BOSEHKajiH H BacxpaHBajiHCB Bcero 
HtcKOJLBKo sbvh HasaA^ pa6o^ie noceJiRH npn HiRoxopBixib $a6pH- 
RaxB H saBo^arB. Pa6o^ifi juoa'b xoiiaoD BajiHJrB B'B ROHxopy cb ynn- 
seHHUMH npocB6aMH: 

— FocnoAHH'B AHpeRTopTi, ORasRHxe 6oseGKyH) MHJtocxb, oTBeAHxe 
seMeJiBRH, — ^nocxpoHTB ce6t xaxy xo^y. 

Mffb jiHWO He pa8% hphxoahjiocb oxrpob6hho roBapHBaxB no 
BTOMy noBOAy cb paSo^HMH: 

— Hy, xopofflo, BBi cxpoHxe xaxy, xpaxHxe Baran cgepeaeniji, 
saji'&Baexe B'B aojith... Ho, bIa^, seiiJifl-xo saBOACRafl. A ocjih saBOA^ 
^epe8i> hIcrojibro irbcHi^eB'B npHRaacex^ Baii'B Bcb Bamn nocxpoiiRH 
cflecxH H y6HpaxBCfl Ha Bct ^exBipe cxopoHBi?.. 

— JI,a iBTO'Vb OH'B npuRasBexii? IIorojib 6yAy pa6oxaxB, hotojib 

H SHXB. 

— A ecJiH BacB yBOjmx'B? Hjh cxanyxx npHxicHAXB paci^HRaMH 
H mxpa^aMH?.. 

— 9, BOJiROB'B 6oaxBca — B'B JiicB He xoAHTB... Abocb, TocnoAB He 
Ao ROHi^a npoxH'bBaexcH na nacB rp'bmHBirB... 

— Ha RaRux'B se Bce-xaRH ycjoBiflX'B bu nojiBsyexecB saBOACROD 
seMJieK)? 

— Ji,dk RaRiK-acB xyrB ycaoBial PaspirnHM nocxpoHXbca, — box'b 
H cjaBa Bory... TenepB y MOHfl aombhiro, h oropoAHR-B ycxpoio, — 

GBaBHO!.. 

EcjiH 6£i HHH'bniHie seMJieycxpoHxejiH na^ajin cbok) pa6oxy nt- 
CROJiBRHMH FOAaMH paHBine, ROXAa jiiOACRafl nBijQiB Jiexijia, r'b seMJi'b, ne 
o6pan;afl BBHMaHia na ycjiOBifl, ROXAa npoxHB'B cxHxiJBHOil acasAH 
BBMJiH 6ujLii 6e8CHJibHBi AOBOAU paacyARa, ycnix'B 6uat> 6h, noaaayfl, 
o6e3neT9[eH'B. TenepB ohh ycxpaHBaioxT*, npeAJiararoxx, y6'faKAaK)T'B, a" 
MyacHR'B «jioMaexcji»: H'hx'B, moji'b, bxo ho no MOOMy BRycy CAhJiaHo. 
SeMjieycxpoHxejiH nepeA^JMBaroxT. bch) pafioxy HaaoBO, cxapaacb 
noxpa^HXb Ha MyKHiiRifl BRycB. Ho MyKHK-B onaxb-xaRH «jioMaexcH», — 

fffeTB, MOJI'B, H 8X0 HO HO MOOMy BRyCJ... SxHMTb H BOBCO HB XO^y 

CKaaaxb, mo ocjiafthjia aaAHOcxb r'b soMJi'fe. Ho Moeiiy MHiHiio, acaA- 

HOCXH R'B SOMJI'b XOHCpB BO BCflROM'B CJIJ^ai HO MOHbHie, CCJIH He 
\K>jib. OTflt;n» II. 9 



130 A. HETPHIUSBl. 

6ojii>me npesHflro. H hh HirbeMi jxjkao jiHnib ex eAHHCTBOM'B xaKTHEH, 
CO cTpeMJEemeiTb A'^ficTBOBaxb cojiHAapHO, hato coMKHyxiufB cxpoeirb. 
OTKasaTBca otb ^OTpyeoBt* xaxKO. Ho cxote h cepffle 6ojiHrB, xa fi 
MH Ha BepcH». 

H'bx^, Ri KoonepaxHBHOMy h npo^eccioHajiBHOMy ABHsemi) HOBot 
qepxu vh HapoAHofi ncHxoJiorin He CBexemB. FopasAO mnpe h riy6se 
dxa ^epxa, ^xo6x ee mosho 6uao onpeAtJiHXb cioBaMH: ^syjiBxypHafl 
pa6oxa>. H HaOjiDAan, saKi ocyn^ecxBuexii o6uBaxejiB cbok) sasoy 
ji^ficxBOBaxb CKonoMi, xpyi^HO ne yAHBJiflx&cfl He6EiBaj[ott cosnaxeiLHO- 
CXH A'bflcxBifi, He6uBajD[o xH^axeJBHOMy, xoxfl h AaJieso ne Bcer;(a 
npaBHxejiBHOMy, BSBi^rnHBamio peajiBHaro cooxHomeHui chjtb h bob- 
MosHocxeS. Bx wbcKOJu>KETh Bepcxaxx otb Moero nyxoro nepe- 
yjEa ecxb cejio Bjibkh. Ue^aBHo xam BOSHHua pacnpfl uexflj 
MOJiOAesbK) H cxapHKauH, HB'B-da cnopnaro «UHHa j[yroB'B», soxo- 
pufi ofin^ecxBO c^Hxaio no npasy cBOHirB, ho soxopmrB ^asxH- 
^ecKH nojiBBOBajicfl noMinprs'B. Cejo HSAaBHa asajiyexca ^xo axoxi 
kjthh'b «no HJiaHxy HanrB». H mojioabsb cxajia HdcxaHBaxb: «a nanii, 
xaKX H pasroBapHBaxb He^ero, — noSxeM'b ero KOCHXb». GxapHRH 
pd^mHxejibHO sasBEjEH, ^xo ^CB axHiTb Kkiowb Ha^o nopHOBHXb» (no- 
AoasAaxb). Mojoj^esb ne HeHie KaxeropH^ecsH ptniHJia: ca mh not- 
AeiTB^. H Boxi Bce MJiaAmee pa6oqee noKOJiiHie ceia Bbictmaio Ha 
cnopnuS Kjmffb (tb socaMH h rpatfjuniH. A cxapmee cxaio HeoAo6pH- 
xeJiBHO Ha6jnoAaxB, ^xo hbx axoro BuijifiTh. Bunuio, pasyirfcerca, 
«KaRX no nHcaHOMy», — npHif^aJHCB cxpasHHKH, KasaRH, npncRaRajcb 
seHCRifi HaqajiBHHRX. Ho npesAe vbirB na^ajiBcxBO jciAjlo noHBHXBcs 
Ha wbcA npecxynjieHLfl, cxapHRH cxBaxHJiH rocli h npHcoeAHHHJHCB 

R'B MOJIOABIMX: 

— Bhahitb mbi, 9X0 AtJio-xo^ BHaqHxi, njioxo. Hy h nonun Ha 

nOMO^B... 

— JI.paxBCH> cnpanraBaD, hxo-jkh co cxpasHHRaMH bli nonuB? 

— Sa^iiTB ApaxBCfl? KaRi xu dy^eniB cb hhm'b ApaxBca, eseiH 
y Hero penojiBBepx, a y nacB ?xo?.. A xoju>ro, — BHAHirb, sHa^Exi, 
9X0 pe6jrra HamH oahh. Hy, mu h nomjiH... 

— ^a Ba^^Mit? 

— OnflXB sa^bMiI HyAaRbl Jl-si xe6'b pyccRHifB aseucom'b 
roBopK>~OAHH HOJiOAue pe6flxa 6ujlji na RiHHy. 

— Hy? 

— Hy, a Ror^a mu npHmjiH, — snaqHrB Bci cxajH. Bce xo eoiB 
cejio. H cxapue h mojeoauo... 

— JI,a pasHHi^a-xo RaRan? 

— Tu qxo, — yAHBHJica Mofi co6ec*AHHR'B, — ajB Biepa xoibro 
pos^eH'b? 

ORasHBaexcHy BHAHxe-jiH, y Micxnaro naqajiBCXBa npaRXHRa bbi- 
pa6oxajia ABa cnoco6a A^ficxBiJR Ha cjiyqafi o6biRHOBeHHMX'B MOJRHrB 
arpapnux^ HeAopasyMiHiS. Ecjih na uicrb saxBa^eHa xojibro mojio* 
Aesb, xo c^Hxaexcfl necoMHiHHUM'B 4>aRxi coiuajHcxH^ecRoft npona« 






B'L rjiyxoM'B nEPEyjiKS. 131 

TaHAu, H jijbjio pascMaTpHBaeTCfl, Eas'B nojHTu^ecKoe, no Bcei cxpo- 
focTH ^pesBiiiqafifiiiixx 8aK0H0B'&. EcjiH ace saxBaqeHu «bch», h 
<yrap£ie h MOJiOAue, h cTapHKH KaxeropH^ecKH saflBjiflin-B, qio ohh 
nyvh HMeHHo «BCH» H ;^'hflcTByK)rt He no %eMy-jiH6o HaymeHi©, a 
no co6cTBeHHOMy seiaHuo, — jilbjLO pascMaTpiiBaeTCfl, sasx uysHi^Koe 
iipaBOHapyineHie, uojifioxajofit KOimeHTeHitifl seMCKaro Ha^ajibHHRa. 

— HacB-TO seMCKifi cTpacTB sasi AonHTUBajTB. Bu, roBopHrB, 
Tasifl-CAsLi A^TH, nouTHsott sanHMaerecb. — HHsasi*, roBopniTL HiTB, 
same BiicoKo6j[aropoAia. A njaHTOifB mh sanHMaeMCfl. HsBOJCbTe cauH 
norjiAA'^Tb — Hama seiaH no njEaniy. CoficTBeHHOciB, sna^Hrb nama. 
A CBOX) co6cTBeHHOCTb MBi saBceiAa Ewbewb nojiHoe npaBO bbatb... 
Hy, seMciuft tjtl se na jyry noieBOft cy^rb ycTpoHJn,— Bce o6n^e- 
€TBO na Tpn aha B'L xojOAHyio npnroBopHji'B, — Tbwh h a^jko koh^h- 
jiocB. A Ka6u MH ne npnfi'brjiH na Bupy^sy,— oro, fiBuia 6bi sama! 
noMHJiyfi BorBl... 

— GroBapHBajiHCb bli, sHa^nrB, na Bupy^sy dteaTb? 

— 4ero-arb xynb croBapHBaTbca? nocjrt^neMy flypasy h to bhjho, 

^To AijiaTb. GxpasHEKH ijijn, — pascysAaxb hokojih. Bira csopM 

BbipyqaTb... A TOJbEO, Mes^ npoqnirb, KapovB 8to jx^jlo seMCROiiy 

TOSTB He nponuo. Bi o6iA'b, rb npHHtpy, oh'b nacb cyAHJCb. A rt* 

Benepy na CojibmaRi Bosji'ib nanrax^ BnsROB'b euy RaMHeici rojiOBy 

npoj[0MH.iH. HamiHCb, BHa^HTB, TaRie jieoj^e... H norbxa Bbinijia! 

OcyAHJiH 8T0 OHH Hacb no xpoe cyroRi. A cajKaxb, roBoparb, 6jjifiUT> 

BacB no AecHTRy. KaR'b ecrb y Bacb 120 AOMOxosHeB^, xaR'b Cy^eTe 

BH cH^Tb no 10 ^eJOB'bR'b, na 12 oqepe^eft. Htrb, roBopHMB, vu 

Ha 8T0 He corjiacHu. Kojeh casaib, xaR'b caasafl, ycHxi (bc^xx) cpasy. 

JI,a r;i^-arb uu, roBopHrb, xaRyio xDpbMy naSABM'b, qxo(h> cpasy 

120 'leiOBiK'b nocaffH^b? A naMx, roBopHifb, ffo axoro A*Jia ntx^: 

ycHX^ cpasy ocyAHjrb, ycnrb cpasy h casajt. nojiy^HJiH uu, sflaqHTx, 

BasoHHoe p'bmeHie na ^yHarb as* 7ch 120 qejiostR'b b^ ropo^'b. 

npjiMO B'b iiDpbMy, — caacafi, roBopHMi, 6e3npeH'bHH0 ycHX'b casafi. 

^To-si xu AyMaemb, — xaR'b nac^ ycHx^ h nocaAHJiH. SC^encRoe no- 

iiftmeHie Haii'b otbojih h nocaAHJiH. Hxo CHixy-xo fiujio!.. Tojcbro 

cyxKH ^ AepsaAH Haci»... no^eiry, roBopHHi, xojibRO cyiRH nacb 

Aepammb, RorAa mu no xpoe cyxoR'b npHcysA^nu? A cyxRH, roBopnrb 

<MfOTpHTejb, Bu CK)Aa, pe6Hxa, ns'b BnsROB'b mjiH, a^ cyxRH nasa^'b 

(JyAexe haxh, a^* cyxRu b^ TH)pbM'b cha^jih,— 'Boxt» h buihjio xpoe 

-cyTORT)... nocMtsjtHCb Hbi HaA'b CMOxpHxejieM'b H AOMofi nomjiH. KoMy 

oxora cb hhmh spa csHSbiBaxbCfl? XaR'b boti»^ roBopio, KorAa 

xorbjiH naxpanoicb CBOfi RjiHH'b Bsaxb, xorAa no Hameny, RaR'b 

MU, cxapHRH, GaaaRajiH, Bumjio. A xo botb HeAasHO, no HxneMy, no- 

MOJioAOMy, BHmjio. J[dk cyMJienie 6epex^, — jaAHO jih? Ji^bjiOj BHnib, 

sacoe. HpoRonajTb noHln^HR'b no namefi somaI RanaBy. Mu ri 

^eMCKOMy,— ^xo-ST* STO, MOJi'b, xaRoe, Barae CaaropoAie? Hacxoe caMo- 

ynpaBCXBO. A OH'b roBopHrb: MHi, rocnoAa MyacHRH, sxo a^Jio ne 

noAcyAHo,— o6pan[afiTecb B'b ORpyaatHfi cyATb. — Kaa-b ae sxo, mojtl, 

9* 



132 A. nETPHnpB'B. 

TaKi, Bame 6jiaropoAie, eatejiH mh tto noMimaKy, to Bani nojifijAno^ 
a exQM noMi^mHR'B Ha&i'B, to h cy^BK) ho Hafi;i[emB?.. SeHCKifi, sasx 
ycjiBiniajTb oto, — BepTB otb nacB h ymea'B. A mh co6pajiH Chjo no 
nojiTHHHHRy CB /(Bopa Aa xorbiH &*£ a^BOsaTy. Tojebro MOJio^exB Ha* 
npoTHBx,— cnypiM bbi, tobophtb, hto-jib, cTapHe? Hero ;^eHB^H spa 
xpaTHTB? KaKyK) bh ^paBJ^y cynpoTUB'B noBrhmHita Haft;^eTe? He BHaeie 
pasBi, ^To cyjpi Bci Hxme?.. noAynaiH hbi, nofljMajiH, — h npaB^a, 
^TO cyffH Bci HXHie. PoBj^ajiH AeHBrn Esad^ no pyKaiTB,— a Jiymne 
OHO Bunuo HJiH xyse — h caMH ne noj^OTreMCH. 



III. 

Heo6'BflTHO cjLoxsafl coBORynnocTB Hys;^^, noTpe6HOCTefi, Ba^a^'B, 
HHTepecoBx, cTOHrB npe;^ o6BiBaTejieH'B. TyrB cBoe MajieHBRoe MicTo 
3aHHMaerB h yjuranufl ROJiOAea'B, h bhmhah npopy6Ra na JiB^y ptRH, 
H 6'bACTBLa j^oporoBHBHBi, H HOJiHTH^ecRafl Heypflwi^a> H coDjiajEBHaa 
6opB6a, H TO MHorooSpasie ^yxoBHHX'B HHrepecoB'By ROTopoe o6'BeAH- 
Hflercfl vh o6n](efi ^opHyji'b: «RyjiBTypHafl pa6oTa>, h MHoroe ;q>yroe> 
^ero nepoH'B He onflmemB, rjiasoMi* He ORHHemB. Vpjffb cxpaniHoft, 

HeH^HCJIHHOS THSeCTH HSM^O HOAHJiTB Ha HJie^H H HBCTH. 3tO o6u- 

BaTejiB ^yBCTByerB h cosHaerB. noacajiryfi, jms. Hero ffajiORO ne hcho,. 
KaRi co6cTBeHHo oh'b 6yAeT^ hocth h Ry^a. B-b oji^hoitb jihhib ohi^ 
yB^peni xBepAo h HenoROJie6HMo: nopoBHB btoto jsikus. ho cAyacaTB, — 

HaAO OfimeCTBOlTB. H B'B BKTBO;^, ^TO «n0pO8HB ho OCHJIHniB^ hsu^o 

o6fflecTBOirB», ^yBCTByeTca ne tojebro pafioxa coBHania, ne tojtbr© 
tohhoctb JOFHqecRHX^ nocTpoenifi^ ho h 6eBoniH6oHHOcTB HHCTHHRTa. 

B'B SaSA'i^ A^ttCTBOBaTB CROnOlfB eCTB HMOHHO Hi^TO HHCTHHRTHBHOe, 

HO cTOJiBRO ynpaBjifleMoe oSBiBaTOJieH'B, crojibro ynpaBJiHDn^ee hmib. 
n RyAa 8Ta sas^a noBOAerB ofiBiBaTeaj^ B'B 6j[HHcafln]ee speMH, — 
AasKe npH6jiH8HTejiBHO ho 6epycB yra^HBaTB. A ?to B'B rohowoitb 
HTorb OHa AOJisna GMecTH tbopabihh a6cojiK)TH8Ha, RaRX na^ajo et 
Bpa»ji(e6Hoe h RopeHHHVB o6pa80M'B cb hoh) HecoBH'ikcTHMoe, — bto, no- 
jiaraiOy acho caMO co6ok). Bo bcaromx cJiy^a'ik, nepe;^ nauH orpoM- 
Hafl cHJia. H npH o6ii]^octh Bsrjifl^^OB'B Ha ocHOBHue HexyrH rocyxap- 

CTBOHHOfi »H8HH, HpH OAHOpOAHOCTH ^yBCTBl HO OTHOmeHiH) R'B AaHHOt 

BJiacTH, dxa CHJia 6oraTa secBMa MHorHMH BOdMOSHocTjiMn. Paaik ona 
ecTB, BTb CTpani, r^t rocnoAciByiOTT. aBjeHia, o rotopbltb, RaR-B o 
BejiHROM'B 6ijjifiTBm H ssi&meH. HecnpaBeAJiHBOGTH, orpoMHBie ' Rpyra 
naceJieHla cxaJiH jij^d^Th oj^ntMH h rbMH se MucjiaMH h tobophtb 
oii;HHM'B H T^Mi) 3Ke HSUROM'B, cxptjOLRa HOJiETHqecRaro 6apoMeTpa He 
MoserB noKaBHBaTB acnyro h THxyro noro;iiy. IIoRa xary k'b cojih- 
AapEHMi) A^ficTBiaiTB npuxo^HTca yqHTBiBaxB jihhib RaRi HOBOo6pa- 
aoBanie B'B napoAHOBTB opraHHBiii, HOByio CRJiaj^Ry — h npHTOMx RS«m- 
xajiBHaro BHaqema — B'B Hapo;^HOfi ncHxojioriH. Ho ona y»e xenepB na 
oco6ufi jia^'B oRpaniHBaerB bck) shshb, Bct o6BiBaTejiBCRia BsaHMOOiHo- 



Bli OyXOM'B HEPEyjIK-fi. 133 

meHis. KaK'B noAao^eHHue od^h, ona ne BcerAa saMtTHa Ha nepBLifi 
Bsrui^i. nopoH) HyscHO yrjEjCHTbCH, npoHSBecxH hIkotopuh, xasi 
cKasaxB, cneiqajibHHfl HSCjrbAOBaHifl, npesxe ^iwb CTaHen noHflXHo, 
no^eify na ab^homii Kj[oqR% seiijifl poca jeoshtch ryn^e, TpaBa pac- 
TeTB cowbe. Ho Rjnoqi, xota 6h iftcTaMH en^e h noAno^BeEHKLfi, 
iipo6HJicji H3'L rjiyfioKHzi HiApi> seMjDLH Hapysy. HoBaa CHJia, zota 
6u H Bi* baMLiTB otmjiTb H rpy6fi[X'B ^epTaxB, onpe^^jtHjiacB. 

MHOrHMH, rOBOpiD, BOSMOSHOCTflVH 6QraT0 GXpeiiSeHie A^fiCTBOBaTb 

CKonoifB npH AaHHOMi HacTpoeHlH mnpoRHrb o6uBaTeJiBCEExx Kpjvovb, 

n, ^yBCTByK), 8TH CJOBa 06ji8IiIBa]Drb MBHa HanOMHHTB, ^TO Wb miojii 

B03M02BHOCTefi ecTB HO OAHH 6ypH H BHxpH. A ysRB ynoMflHyjix, MeacAy 
npo^HifBy Heo6uRHOBeHHofi cspynyjiedHocTH oduBaxejui, sorAa oh'b 
npeacAe qlux npeAnpHHjra» totb hjh ehoB marB, TntaxejEBHO, ao 
po6ocTii, BSBlmHBaeTi. KasAstt marB, cKJioHflflCB caopte ki xoMy, 
^To6'b npeyBejLHqHBaxB onacHocxH, wbiiT> npeyMeHtmaxB hxt». 06HBa- 
Tejn», nosajiyfl, yaiTB ciHmKOM'b cxajrB peajBHinrL uojihxhkom'b. M a 

SnOJIHt nOHHMaH) HiROXOpBlfi ysaCB, G1> RaSHM'L HeAaBHO OAHH'B ce.ib- 

CRifl HHxejiJiHreHXT» roBopHJi'B Hffb: 

— Snaexe-Jiu, ecin 6ii npaBHxejiBcxBO 6ujio xoxb RaneiBRy yMste 
H Aajo nysHRy, ^xo HyxHO, oho mooo 6bi npocxo CMecxH cb jmnia 
seMJiH BCH) pocctScRyK) HHxejiJiHreHiajD. H iiysHR'B oxuTOO noHHiia.rB 
6bi, "1X0 jedae rHCnyTB HesHEHO, ho pyRy A^Bmyio noAAopsRU'B 6hi 
He 8a cxpaxi» h ne sa gob^cxb, a, xaR'B cRasaxB, no npHHi^Hny: «Bhi 
HaMx, a MU BaMi»... Bu naiTB, npHM'bpHO, seifejBRH, a mbi Bajn. ^a 
8X0 Moropui'B... H xaRx sl xenepb noHHMan MysHRa: hoabhcb xotb 
HOBBit GxeHBRa^ HO pas^ MysHRi ysHAHX^, qxo ecxB BuroAa, owb h 
GxefiBR^ MoropBi^a nocxaBHTB... 

3x0 ^epea^px. TaRoro MoropBiia, ^xofi-B cmocxh bcd HHxejuiH- 
reHi^H), o6BiBaxeaB na^ajiBGXBy ne nocxaBHXT». Ho ^xo oh'b 6yAexi> 
^AaroAapeHi» h sa nojiyirbpu h sa nojiyycxynRH,— 8x0, noxajiyit, 
B'i^pHO. <H6 Ao sHpy^6£ixB 6u SHBy». 3a HCRjioqeHieM'B OAHoro 
nyHKxa, OvROxopoifB pi^B HHse, o^uBaxejB roxosx <npoxflHyxB hosrh 
H no oRXflfipHcxcRofi OAesRi»,— pasyutexcfl, no xoft> RaRafl HdJoaRena 
vh o$$H]9ajiBHofi nporpaHMi ^coroaa 17 0RXfl6pA»; RaRyio OAesAy 
HSM'bpeffB cmHXB coiosHb, He o^^Hi^iajiBHO, a na caMOM'B A^jirib, — mohho 
jiHinb AoraABiBaxBCH. H ecJiH 6bi 0RXH6pHCxa]fB yAajocB xoxb Roe- 
mo cA'^JiaxB^ MaieHBRiS HoropBin'B orh ofiuBaxeu ohh 6bi nojiywjiii, 
xoxa caHoe cjiobo: «0KXfl6pHcx^» vb ctpuxii o6BiBaxejiBCRHxi» Rpyraxx 
8B7^BTB, RaR'B HO^XH pyraxejBHoe... OAnaRO, en^e pasi) noBxopHK), 
aro BOBce ne sna^Bxi, ^xo o6uBaxeJiB Bnaj'B wh peaR^i]D, hjih ^xo 
o6BiBaxej[B nonpaBibjE'B. 

Cjehhirom'^ ycjiOBHH 8XH xepMHHu: «BnajK'B B'B peaRoiK)*, «no- 
npaB^'B3», E, 6oH)CB, MajKO OHH HAyx^ R'B A^Jiy. Ha^axB xoxfl 6bi cb 

TOrO, HXO cipBlfl 06BlBaxeJD[B, — XOTB, ROHe^HO, ROXOpLlft BXOAHX^ B'B 

paftosTB MOHXB HafijiiDAeHifl, — BcnoMHHaexi 6ypHHXi penojiroi^ioH- 
HBiz'B BHcxymieHiHX'B 1905—1906 r. ne fies'B HpoHin, ho b-b ofin^eM-B 



134 A. nsTPHn^BB'b. 

ch CjaroAapHOCTbH). IIo^eMy-TO OKasuBaercfl, ^ra y Bcbxi ecxb He 
Maio noBOAOBx uouasjTb Ao6poM'B cary caifyK) p6B0J[H)^iK)>. CTpaHHoe- 
A'bjio, — Hel CB CxaroAapHocTBD BcnoMHHaDrB Aase «CTap£ie» 
cojTj^aTU, HHHt OTCJiysHBaiDiiue Bi pflAax-L apifiH nocjrbj^ifi cpom 

— BorB KOFAa 6Bijra HaH'B nHH^a, TaRT* nHma. Xopomo Tor^a 
Hamero 6paTa KopvHJH. A TenepB... 

noMHHaDrB Ao6po]rb peBOJOoi^iiD Aase ropoAOBue: 

— KaKi Ha^aiHCB 8TH 8a6aeTOBRH, — HaaixoTB HaqaxBCTBanepBuft' 
no^era h yBaaenie. A xenepB, — dTh, fobophtb tojbko ne xo^eTca- 
Bbi jQTMaeTe nairB cjiaAROl.. Co6a^Bji Hama AOiiSHOCTB h no*co6aqBH 
CB HaMH ofipan^aDTCJi... 

noMHHaK)rB AofipoAfB peBOjKDifLio MacxepoBue, peMecjieHHHKu^ oropoA- 
HHKH, KaMenn^RH... O^hh no MaTepiajBHEOfB coofipaseHULirB: «8a6a- 
CTOBRa BAopoBO Tor^a nacB noMep»aj[a». Jl^pyrie— npocTO noTOHy^ 
^TO «TorAa 6ujio Becejrbe». ^ase xpoMofl Ria^CHmeHCRit cTopovB^. 
ROTopufi oieHB He JU06HTB, RorAa eMy HanoMHHaDTB o&h ero yqacilH 
vb qepHOCOTeHHOM'B norpoMt 1905 r., HazoAHrB Ao6poe cjiobo: 

— Xopomo 6uj[o, RaRi nonuH 8a6acT0BRHl MacrepoBUM'B npn- 
6aBRa... y»B Ha hto h— y6orifl ^eJOBiRB,— h to pyfijifl no TpH sa. 

HOIB BUrOHHJI'B. 

— KaRHiTB oGpasoicB? 

— A co^iaJ[HCTfiI MOHH HOGiuiajiH Ha 8a6oparB npoRiaMaips pa- 
CRjreHsaTB. H paci^bHRy RjiajiH, ^aS hmx Bofb baopobbh, — xa-a-po- 
o-myio!.. Ho RonefiRt 8a inryRy... BiiBajo 8a flO% xyA0-6*OT0 na 

TpOHR'B HaRjeHHIB... 

— . OAHaRO, Bu rbxx sse camix^ coipaiHCTOsx bo BpeMH norpoHa 
y6HBajiH... 

— BtO qXO, — MOpmHTCH OH-B.— 9t0 OCO60... 

— Ho^eMy ae bto oco6o? 

-^ A SaqiHl OHH B'B npORJtaMai^iAXB 8pH HHCaJIH, — HROHU HaAO- 

py6HTB Aa ae^B... 

— Bo-nepBHXB, bto HenpaB^a, — coruaiHCTH laRi ne HHcaiH... 

— KaRX H ^exoB^Rx HerpaMOTHufi, to bthxii a'^jeob'b ne sHaio. 

A TOJIBRO JIIOAH USi TaR'B CRaSUBaJIH. 

— SHa^HTB, BamH jiidah jirajiH... A BO-BTopux%, bu se caMH 
STH npoRjaiiaipH no 3a6opairB pacRienBajiH... 

— PasB* aTb H coBctM-B AypaRi, 9To6x oTRasBiBaTBCH... Paci;4HRa 
xopomafl. H njiaTHJiH ohh aRRypaxHO, 6e8'B o^Hany... HirB, hto h 
roBopHTb, — Bocejioe 6wlo bpomh... ^aft Bofb noBiRB... 

CofiEirifl OTOABHHyjiHCB Ha TpH roAa, h yae na axoM'B He6oj[BmoM'B 
noRa pascTOHHiH hs'bhhu h mepoxoBaxocTH crjiaAHJiHCB, cxaaH neaa* 
MixHu, a Bce cBlxjEoe, BjtacxHo BaanraBmee cepAii^a, c^tJiajiocB Hcele, 
cxpoflffbe H onpeA'bjieHH'be. HsAajiH, bb BOcnoMHHaHiflxi, Rapxnna 
RaaexcH, 6uxb Moaexi, RpacHBie, ^iwh bGjlhsh, B'B HOMeHxi nepe- 
aHBaniH. IIo MoeMy, ofiBinaxejiB hIcrojebro cRjoneHB npiyRpacHXb. 
CJiaBy 6ypHHXB BpeMenx. H HtxTb-Hixi ^a h noMenxaexx: 



B'J> OriOMb nKPEFJIKft. 135 

— Btb, Ka6u ouBTh 8a6acT«BKa xopomaal.. 
CsenTHKH Kanaiorb rojiOBaMa: 

— HiTB, BWHO, no«HJiH H 6jAeTb,.. Bi spyrofi paa-B He npn- 
lercji. 

Ho onTHMHCTu AocojA He norepflJiH MB^jifiSRjm, "^to «npHii;eTca h 
Bi Apyroft pa8'b». 

HeAaBHO npH6isaji'B ro mh^ cocbffi^ bhshmo BSBOJiHOBaHHufl: 

— SnaeTe qro h Hani csasy, A. B. 

— A TTO BH mh4 cKaaexe, Ahtofb HBaHUTB?.. 

— Bcrp'bTHJi'B H cefiiacB pmtaro iniyKaTypa... 

— Hy?.. 

— TaKii OHi, BHa^HrB, pascKasuBaerB... Bni^aji'L, roBopHn, bx 
TpaKTHpt qejioBftKa... O^esa Ha HeM-B xopomafl. H irbno^sa sojiorafl. 
no BceMy, roBopHTb, BH^aTb, CTHJiHsosaEHHtt qejioBiR'B. Tasi BorB 

OWb, qeJIOB^KTB-TO dTOTB... da6aCT0BKy, rOBOpHrB, MUCK0p0 06'BflBHM'B... 

— KtO »T0 €1IH»? 

— To-TO m'h Bora a ne msjo. K% BaM-B npnraejrB cnpocHTB, — 
Mosers, y BacB oho bbb^ctho... 

— HtTB, y MOHH HHqerO HeH8B'6cTHO... A eCJIH 9TH caMBie «iai», 

j(UcTBHTeaBHO, o6xHBjiTB saSacTOBKy, Bu, Ahtohi» HBaHU^'B, xasi 
cpaey h aaSacryere?.. 

Mofi coc^AB ^emeiTB saTBUiOKi, cb BEjspwb qeJiOBiKa, coo6pa8HB- 
niaro B;(pyrB, hto oh^ nosaSwrB 611J10 caMoe sasHoe: 

— IIoAyMaBinH, A. 5... Be8% coofipaaceniH b% BOAy He npurHemB. 
C'B SjiaroAapHocTBK) BcnoMHHaerB o6BiBaTej[B MHHyBmifl 6ypH, ho 

H (TB HpoHiefi. Asa ro^a HasaA'B botb btoti caMBifi Ahtohi» HsaHBiTB 
C'B ff&soTopBiMx padApasenieirB roBopajTB uni: 

— H lero 9T0 napiiH BpeMfl lepaiorB? Hh to, hh ce... ^ajiH 611 
pacnopjBuseme KaRoe hh Ha ecxB. HaafB tojibko MHrHH, a yarB mbi... 

TenepB c^ yji£i6RoS, RaRi A!ibTCK0i InaJOcxH roBopHxi: 

— KpnqHM'B 6uBaio, a ^to r'b qeiiy, xotb y6eS, ne snaeMi. 
CnacH6o, ROMHTeruRH BupyqaiH. npH6'iryrB, cRaacyi-B, A'^aSie 

TaK'B-TO H XaR'B-TO... Hy, RaR'B OHH CRaaCyTB, XaR-B MBI H A'^aeM'B... 

CBoero, BHa^HXTi, noHaxui y nacB He Cbueo. 

HeBoiBHO npHnoMHHaexcfl mh% pascRadi oahoxo pafio'^aro, ropBRO 
pacRaHBaBHiarocfl no cjiy^aD luioxo BhinojiHenHaro EWb cjiyace6Haro 
Mjosr^ BO BpeMena cok&xob'b pa6o^HXf> AenyxaxoBB. 

— EiRejiH no npaBfl4 roBopnxB, npocnajiH mi napoAHoe a*JO, — 
Boxi» Hxo... npHAemB, 6uBaio, Ha aaclA^ie. Hy^ roho^ho, — yxoMHB- 
iHHCB^ C'B pa6oTLi. IIpHjiHseniB Ha nojix ^a h sacnenib. A rohhtox- 
r-Rie, RoxopHe xaifB scB-AeRH h ecx-apii, x*, neSocB, He cnajiH. Jifl 
nosAHeft H0?H, 6B[Bajio, CHAflrB h see A'^Jia pimaDxi. ][s, h nacB 
noAT* RoneifB paady^HXTb. Hy, moji'b, aobojbho cnaxb,— nopa rojioca 
noAasaxB... A RaR'B xu rojiocB noAamB» Ror^a HHRaRoro flibji^ ne sna- 
eniB, — noxoMy cnajTB. Boxi h 6'bsHmB, fiBiBajio, r% cbohitb... EasejiH 
fl, R'B npHMipy, c.-p., xo RT> c.-p., a eaceJH c.-n., xo r'b c.-a. KyAa, 



136 A. HETPHmEB'B. 

jiecKdLTb, fflap'B-To oacTB, — HanpaBO Hjm Hajitno? IIojioacHnib mapi*, 
H oEflTb cnaTb... TaK-L h iipocnajiH mh HapoAHoe a*Jio... 

He^ero rpixaiaHTL, — hi* MHHyBffleMt «6yHrb» ^ejioBi^ecKift Ma- 
xepiaji-B H no CBoefl ncnxoJioriH h no cbohm-b npHBLnKaMt 6ojite noa- 

XOAHJI'L KTb TpaAHipOHHOfi, aBTOpHTapHOfl rOCJAapCTBeHHOCTH, lilTB KT^ 

cxpoHxejiLCTBy XHBHH Ha naiajiax'B ofimecTBeHHofi caMOffi^TejibHOCTH. 
He BecB, Kone^Ho, qciOBiHecKifi Maxepiaji'B 6ujli> xaKHirB, — HBfiaBH 
Boae orB oryjBHHX'L o6o6n^eHifi. Ho npHBHiKH ciapHHU e^^e Kpinao 
CEA'hjIH BT* 06HBaTeJILCK0ft ^7^1*- H TpyAHO He yAHBMTBCa npoHc- 
nieAHiHirB cb lofi nopH nepeMinaMTb. Ka«eTCfl npaMO-xaKH qyAOMTb, 
qxo B% KaKie-HHfiyAB 2 — 3 ro^a cMorjia coBepnmxBCii KOJioccajbHaa 
jiOMRa B'B caMo8 ncHXOJioriH o6uBaxej[fl, bT) npHBuqKax'B mucjih, pe- 
ryjiHpyion^efi o6n;ecxBeHHoe A"httcxBOBanie. Htx^, He TaaoB'B xenepB 
AnxoHx HBaHHTgcB, iixo6te» cjiino haxh aa «KOMaxex^HKaMH». Besx 
«cBoero noHHxiH* ohi* HHKyAa He no^jsjdvb, HycxB «cBoe nonaxio y 
Hero He o^ienb hb^b BaacHBix'B, h ne xaKT) 6Hcxpo oho CKiaAHBaexcH, 
n ente He coBctiTB ohx yMex^ bo bpomh ho 3a6£rrB caMMH sasHBiH 
H piniaK)nuH BBeHBH apryMenxan^H. Ho npHAH R'b HOHy xoxb pacKO- 
MHxexqHKi, XOXB caMT* renepajiHccHMycB npasHxejiBCXBa hjih peBOJHo- 
uiH, noKy^a y Anxona HBann^a ne noasHjiocB «cBoe noHaxie», cboh 
ouiHRa nojiosenifl, oh'b hh na marB cb Micxa ne CABHHexcH. Hasu- 
Baflxe, ecjiH yroAHO, 9x0 peaKn,iefi. Ho npH nepeBOA* HHOcxpannaro 
xepMHHa na pyccKifi hseir'b bbi eABa-jEH CMOsexe naBBaxB axo «ma^ 
roM'B HasaA'B*. Bfbrh, 9x0 ne peaRiiifl. 9xo oaho hb-b caMBix^ r^tH- 
HBixo* H caMBix'B pimaroffliHrB npio6pixeHiJB peBOJiron;iH. Oxi. a*x- 
CRaro nojiBanis ofiHBaxeJib nepemeJi'B r'b xoabC*!, RaR'B cBoflcxseHHo 
BBpocjiOMy, npaBocnocofiHOMy ^eJHOBtRy. RaR'B pe6eH0R'B, xojebro ^to 
Ha^aBmifi xoahxb, oh'b cjmniROM'B cRJLoneH'B onacaxBca oxrputktx'b 
npocxpancxB'B, nopoBHrB haxh BOSJi'h cxiffB, bobji* neOejiH, Boo6u(e 
xaM-B, TA* ecxB aa ^xo yXBaxHXBca pyRoro h ta^ ne xaR'B cxpaniHo, 
Hxo ynaAeniB. Bnb dTOWb nepexoAHOMTb cocxohhIh, oh'b, noBxopai), ro- 
xoB-B 6bi orB MHoraro oxRaaaxBca, jianiB 6bi ne pncROBaxB. H ocofien- 
hocxb AsiHHaro nojioxenia Ben^efi hmohho B'B xom'b saRjiHD^aexca, ?xo 
o6BiBaxej[K), npa Bcefi ero crjiohhocxh hoAxh na ycxynRH, ne cb qero 
H He^iero ycxynaxB. 

— RaR'B xaM'B HH XHxpH, a MysHRa seMJieH) naAO noARpbnHTB. 
Bes'B Bxoro ne shxb. HBHeMon^aji'B nysHR'B. EaROJiH ero BOMJiieH) xe- 
nepB ne noAKp'hnHfflB, — Poccia ne cxoaxB. Hxo APyroe mosho a oxjio- 
aaxB. A fies-B axoro aeJiBBa. 

B'B BXOM'B nyHRxt xyx%, BHHBy, coniJiHCB cefl^acB Bch MHinia, Bch 
HanpaBjEenia, xoxa hbih^ ohh, crojibro a Morit saMixaxB, cxoAaxca ne 
coBc^M'B xaR'B, RaR'B cxoAHJiHCB TOAa ABa HasaATb. ToxAa, nanpairtp'B, 
ropoACRie M-bn^ane poxobh 6kijih rphrom-b RpHHaxb: 

— 3eHja — xaR'B BciM'B aeMJia. A xo MyacHRaM'B BCMJia, a mh, M-h- 
nuane, npa newh ocxaneMca? Hix'B, eacejia AStaaxB, xo BciifB Aaaaft. 

B'B axoM'B cMMCJi'b BOJiacB pasroBopu na irbmiaHCRax'B MHxunrax'B. 



B'B rjiyXOM'L n£Ffi7JIK%. 137 

M dxa HucjiB BBiCKasuBajiacB bo mhofhx'b Min^aHCKHxi npHroBo- 
paxx. 

Hawk He xaKx ys'B pi^KO nona^aeTCfl HintaHHHi>, KOxopuS ro- 
TOBx, nosajiyfij co CBoeK) seMeji&HOK) npcT^oK) «MajiocTB noBpeMe- 

HHTB>. 

— Mh ^to, — paacya^iaerB, nanp., Mofl cociAt Ahtoh'b HBaHH^t, — 
HcnoKOHx B'J^KOB'B KHBeifB 6ed^ seMJiH, — MorjiH 6u H AaJiBme. A ^1061) 
MyaKHKa ne noj^KpinHTb, — btoio coBC'iM'L HejisBa. floTOMy— aaAyiUHJii 
nacB Tenepb MyaHKi. IIperB bx ropoAa. IIperB Ha saBOj^u. Ba^ox- 
HyxB He^;^•h oxi MyacHKa. HHKaKot pa6oxH qepe8T» Hero Htxi. A 
BaXKHH HySHKy roJUOAHuS poxib,— h HaM^b jshxb mosho. 

— 3eMJiH He 6yAexi,— HHqero He 6yAexTb. 

H cxpaHHoe ;^4jio,— npn Bcefl xoxobhocxh ycxynaxB, csaxbca, 
ofiMBaxeiB rjiy6oKo yBipen^, hto xaM^, nanepxy, seMJiH ^axB ne na- 
M'bpeHU h no cBoeft Bojrib «hh B'B shbhb ne a£Wt%». 

— IIoxoMy,T— pasCTexa hm-b wbTbi ;^afi MyacHKy aeMjiro — BceMy abo- 
pHHCxBy Epumsa. 

— HefiocB, BHaexT^ KoniKa, m>e Maco CBtjia* Oxhhxb seHJiiD ohh 
^ascerjia pa^Bi, a ;^axB — j^epan sapMaFB ninpe... SnaeHi mh hx- 
Haro 6paxa. Ji;ocxaxoqH0 BH^^iiBajiH. Y hhx^ hihjiom'b naxoKH XBa- 
xnmB. 

— Gsopie orB H'bMi^a hjh oxt» anrjiHiaHKH, esejH wh cjj^dA 
BOfiHBi, seMjno yBHjo;HmB. A naniH — panbrne cMepxH He pascxa- 
HyTca. 

9to BHa^HXi: 

— C^b anrjiHHaHKOfi vb cjLjm/k qero homhphmch. Mom 6bi h ch 
HaiuHMH noMHpHXBCH. ^a xoj[BRO xaROfi npe^^JTB HiTB orh rocno;ia 

OOJOSeH'B, ^XO HHKaSOS MHpX Ch HHMH He BOBMOaReH'B. 

KaRofi BBEBOA'B dy^eTB CA^jiaH'B B'B 6j[Hsaflmee BpeMH shbhbd hbii 

3XHXT» rpOSHBTTB HOCUJIOKl, HpeACKaSlIBaXB, HOBXOpflK), H^X^ B08H0S- 

HOCTH. Cjmhikom'b mhoxo BapiaHxoFB B'B xoft napxiH, Koxopyio npeA- 

CTORTh paSBirpaXB HCXOpiH, CJEHHIROMl MHOFO B08M0SH0CXefi H K0H6h- 

Haipfi. Bo BCflKoifB cjy^ai^ Gbtib MoaerB, ne cjinniKOifB A^ieR'B ovb 
:hcthhii Mofi s^iniHifi npiaxejib Ycxrhi, Roxopufi ynopno xBepAHPB, 

^T0 HBIHimHHII'B cyCHOROHXeJIflM'B P0CCiH» He XaRl yaRT> AOJH'O npH- 

Jtercfl py6HXB xorB cysB, na ROxopoirB ohh ch^hxi. 



THXifl xenjutt ne^ep'B. Cnay cb cbohmh cocbA^iiH na cRaMB'ik 
y BOi>OTB. BoBJit MOHfl Bco cxenoHHue no»HJiue jik)ah. Hj^otb 
•cnoKOfiHoe, nexoponjiHBoe oCcyawenie yqacxH YcxaHa GoMH^a. Y 
Hero H^CROJEBRO Hicfli^eB'B Hasa^ BumjoLo MajeHBRoe cxoitRHOBenie 
cfh j^epeBencREMH cBm^HRaMH. Tb nanncajiH aohocb. H Ycxhstb npn- 
BJieqeffB no cxaxBi, yrpoacaion^ed toah^hmh'b saRjiDqeHieM'B B'B 
xDpBM'b. OcxaBjeHi oh'b na cBo6oAt JinniB CjiaroAapn xony, mxo na- 
mejicfl nopy^HxeJB. TenepB eMy ^epes'B napoinaro. h8t> cejia o«ho- 



138 A. nETPHmEB1». 

cejiB^aHe ^aJiH sHarB, ^to ji/bio ocjoacHHJiocB, oj^Horo nopy^HiejiBCTBa,. 
noBHfljHMOMy, oKaaeTca Majo, Ha;^o ka^tb 6ojrke TaacKoft Mipsi npe- 
ci^eHiji. H npiaTejiH j^tjioBHTO o6cyaitaK)T'B, saK-B xenepB 6htb, h 
^Wh noMO^B ^ejioBiEy, BoaBmeMy xota h b'b o6HqHyK) no HHHi- 
niHBM'B BpeMenaM'B, ho KpafiHe paasopHxejiBHyH) a^a Hero h ceMBn 
HenpiHTHOCTB. a co6cTBeHH0 JHHiB conpHcyTCTByi) npH 8T0in» pas- 
roBopi. Moero coBtoa ne cnpaniHBaiorB. Moet noMomn ne TpeCyerca. 
Mh* npejiocraBJUieTCJi ihhib CH;t*TB h cjyraaTB. H cjiymaa, a mh- 
cjieHHO jijbji^JD cpaBHenie: 

— BoTB xefi* H nyniB! BorB Te6t h aapocmifl JionyxaMH nepey- 
jLOJffby Tjijb jifi'b 6a6Bi ccopaTca HS'B-sa SLijjfl,, HeH3B4cTH0 %eio naci^- 
KOK) cHeceHHaro! S^aKHMH paaroBopaMH, KaK-L jiocTaxB saJiorB, ijijb. 
HaflTH nopy^HTeiH, h bte> IlHTep* xotb npy^^ npyOT- Tojibko y nacB, 
neTep6yp»i;eB'B pt^B H^erB o cothhx'b h THcaqaxi, aycTHny, no ero- 
coo6pa2BeHiaM'B, nysHO AOHerL mhofo, — ne MeHBme, Kas'B 25 js^- 
kobbix'b. Botb h yAHBjuiScA TyrB eAHHOofipadiio asHKa h HucieS, 
yiAHBH) noHHMaxB APF^ flPF* ^'^ nojiynaMeKal.. 

OxKyjua-TO, no 6jih80cxh, cb oropoAOB-B ^OHOCHxca ninie: 

— «PaAyficji seMCKifi naqajiBHHqe, RpecxBAFB nenoAoGHBii rpa6H- 
xejiK)» — capsacxH^ecKH, saAopno bhboaax^ MoaoAue roAoca hobo- 
cjrosceHHufi A^P^BeHCKitt aKaoHcrB seiitOKOMy Ha^ajiBHHKy. 3xo haobh- 
xoe H MasoiieHBypHoe npoHSBeAenie HOHSi^cxHaro anxopa, cyAH no 
nHUKjj HecoMHiHHO ocB^AOHJieHHaTO B'B KopROBHofi xpaMorb, noAZBa^ 
qeno, paay^oHO h oxoxho pacntBaexca oKpecxHoio KpecxBaHCKOio mo- 

JIOAeSBK). 

— HHKaKTb raxyKaxypH? — npacJiyniHBaexcH kx ntmio kxo-xo hsi 

HOHXl COCectAHHKOB'B. 

— KoMy KpoMtl.. — BaMi^iaexi Apyroll. — JIobko bbiboahxx. Tojibko 
HaAO CKaaaxB, ^xofi-B ohh noxHme,— ceJieAKa (ropoAOBOft) ycuHniHX^. 

— Hn^ero,— ocxanaBjiHBaioi'B ero. — B'B ropoA* Bce-xara. TyrB 
npo KBapxaj[BHaro hbjibbh, a upo seHCRaro mosho. 3xo b'b cejrb npo^ 
seMCRaro naAO cb onacRofi. 

— 4cPaAyfica — aohochxcji ao naci— seMjrepaaopHxejtBHOft romhc- 
ciH uenx cynUfi:*. 

II'bBipj, ox^acxH coo6pa3HO H^bcxHOMy roBopy, Birbcxo «cynufi», 
BBiroBapHBaioxi: «Gyqifi». CxeneHHHe idah, cb roxopbixh h easy,, 
CMiroxca: 

— JIoBRoI M Aa* aRaoHcxi)!.. 

A Be^epx xaRX BRpaA^BO xhx'b. llepeyjEOK^, sapocmifi JioityxaMH, 
xaK-B AaJieKT* otb cyexH, xaR'B Majio noxoKx Ha m*cxo, ta* Moryxi 
6bixb noxpflcaenu oghobh, vjii MajienBRaa Rpma jiDAett, comeAmHxca 
npocxo oxAOXHyxB, B'B xe^enie H-icROJBKHyB MHHyxTb yxHxpaexca co- 
BepniHXB Ron^HcxBO, 6oroxyjiBcxBO, A6p30cxHoe nopHi^aHie BjiacxH». 
npHSBiB'B R-B HHcnpoBepaRenuo cyn^ecxByH)ni;aro cxpoa, — JSJhMii paA'B 
xarqafiniHX'B rocyAapcxBeHHUX'B npecxynjieHifi, 8a ROxopBia B'B o6nie& 



H4 OHEPBAHUA TEMJU. 139- 

cjioaRHOCTH npH^HTaeTCfl noxHBHeHHafl KSTopra. H hobojilho cui- 
embcfl. Xoieicji cnpocHTB: 

— Hy, a ^0 ecjH 6h- ycnoKOHTeaH PocciH npoeijiaiH, KaKia 
Aiaa 8;^*cb TBopaTca? Hto ;^BHHyJ[H 6h ohh npoTHB'b sapocraaro jo- 
nyxorb nepeyjKa, — KaBajiepiE), apTHjrjrepiiD, aixoTy? Bi iiaKoe BOJEHeme 
npHmjia 6u bca MtcTHaa BJnacTb? Kauyio cTpamsyH) leJierpaMicy ot- 
npaBU'B 6bi bi> nerepCyprB ryGepnarop'B? H JSAK'h saBOjmoBajmcb 6u 
T2kWh, Bx nHxepi, Bi c4>epaxi>? 

Mh'6 sajiB Hapymaxb ^oGpoAyniHoe nacTpoeme, cb KaiLHM7> moh 

G06eciAHHKH CJEymaiDTL H KOMMeHTHpyDTB «aKa6HCrB». H A He BKE- 

CKasuBaio CBoefi mucjih scjiyrB. ^a h saqiMi? KaRofl Ha eee oxBirB 
nocx'bAyerB, mhI ao HiKOXopofi cTenenH acho: 

— Tenepb Bcro^y to htl. Dpothb'b Bcefi PocciH cxpijibfiy hsi ny- 
meE'L He OTKpoemL... 

H 8X0 BipHo: xenepb BCBQ^y xo acB. — THrqaSmui rocy^apcxBeH- 
HHH iipecxynJieHiH, noAofiHHa npenycMoxpenHinrB 103, 128, 129^ 
H HHorHHH ApyTHMH cxaxbflHH YrojioBHaro yjEOseHifl, coBepmaiDxcfl 
nozo^fl, Ha sasAOM'b mary, b-b nexoponjEHBOin* ceMefiHOMi pasroBopl 
3a ^afiHHM'B cxojioMXy B'B THxoS Be^epHefi 6ec'hjs^ cociA^fi bo speMH 
oxAuxa, coBepmaioxcfl ji^d^me xyxi b^ riyzoini nepeynsi, noA^ sas- 
Aofi spbimeft, BOBJii Kasn^Kocb sopoxi, coBepmaioTCH 6a6aMH, ROxopuH 
Hecyrb Bo^y c^ ptKH h no axoMy cjyqaio BeAyxi npoMeas^^y ce6fl pas- 
roBopi>, saKJio^aioniiift Kpaflne AepBocxHUA nopHi^ama BJiacxH, coBep- 
niaH)xcH MyscBHMH, coBepmaioxcfl a'I^xbmh. IIojEywjiocB saKx 6h bcb- 
pocciScEoe, Bceo6n;ee h nenpepHBHoe npoxHBopitie YrojiOBHOMy Yjio- 
sohIk). H EasexcH, caHbifi BOdAyxx, EoxopuM'B A^niemB, BOBce He 
BOSAyxx, a Easafl-xo noAOspHxejEbHafl h spafiHe onacnafl CM'i^cb, — 
Htqxo B'B poA* rpsMyqaro rasa, ji^si soxoparo Aocxaxo^HO MaJriflmeft 
HCEpH, qxoe'B npOHSBeCTH 6ypHHfl 8$$eRX^. 

A. nerpHiueBii. 



Ha OHepeRHUfl leMW. 

Hai HaTepiajfOBi aeHOJiBHolt aHKexu. 

I., «M KaKi 3T0 HanaJibCTBO no3Bo;iHerb»?— 11. CBo6oAHa$i Hrpa HHrepecoBB npu 
aAMMBHcrparHBHOM-b coA'bflcTBiH.'-III. Koe-KaKiii HeAopaayMtHiii. 

B'B Mapxb uicttnik, sas'B sHaioTB ^HxaxejiH, mhod 6£U[o ony6jrH- 

KOBanO HHCBMO, B'B EOXOpOM'B, CCHJiaflCB Ha CRyJ^OCXB CB-h/cinift XOITB, 

qxo npoHCXOAHXi b-b ;^epeBH'h bb cbhsh ct> yEasoM'B 9 Hoafipa, s. npo- 
CHJTB jiHi^, pacnojiaraioniHX'B uaxeplajiaMH no 8X0My Bonpocy, no^i- 



140 A. n*fflEXOH0Bl. 

JIHTLCa HMH CO MHOJO *). HOCJ!* TOFO a HOJiy^HJI'L UJ^SUi pfl51> CO- 

ofimemfl HST* caMHx^ paBjiH^EHxt MicTHOcxefl **). CociaFB mohtb 
EoppecnoHAOHTOB'B oRasajicA o^eHS pa8Hoo6pa3H£iirL: na Moe o6pame- 
Hie OTOHRHyjiHCB KpecTLjiHe H pa6oHi6, noMiii](HKH H ynpaBj[flH)iii.ie, 
BoiocTHHe njffcapa h cejn>cKie aj^BOKaxH, CBameHHHKH, y^Hxejia, arpo- 
HoiiK, Bpa^H, seMJieMipu H T. A- Bx oSn^eiTB npeoSja^aDTb, noBii- 

«HMOMy, «06BIBaTeJIH», HO HMilOTCfl H napTiflHHe pa60THHKH (C.-p. II 
H.-C), HBTb KOHXt HiKOTOpHC npHCJiaJH CBOH COOSmeHifl yWC HSt 
MtCTL, <CT0JIL H HO CTOJlb 0TAaJieHHHX'B». PaSJIH^HUMH OSasaJIHCb H 

caMHji coo6meHia, Ka.K'b no CBoeMy xapaKxepy, xaicB h no cBoeny 
ofixeMy. Kaa^Hfi, OHeBH^Eto, noA^JiHJica, ^iM-L mopb. OijHH pascKasLi* 
BaK)XT» xoM-L, KaK-B OHH caMH 4cyKpinMJ[HCB», ;ipyrie — o xoifB, KaKi 
OHH «yKpinjijffjiE[» jtpyriLx^; ow^ coodn^aroxi HSBicxEHe EWh $aKTH, 
Apyrie — cjimnaHEHa hmh MHiHia, xpexBH — cboh coofipaaenifl; kto 
npncjiaji'B BBipisKy hs-b litcxsofi rasexH, no^eMy-jwfio oSpaxHBmyH) 
na ce&a ero BHHManie, kxo — AOKyMenxi, OKasaBmifica y nero b'b py- 
Kaxx, KXO — ^yKasanie, r^;* mo»ho nafixn rh hjih j^pyria CBij^tHia. Ha 
pfl^y ex coo6n^eHiaMH, yMiciHBniHMHca na oxkphxk*, b'b mohx-b py- 
Kax'B HH'biDXca H o6cxoaxejiiBHHa onacama, cocxaBJieHHua nep^AKO na 
ocHOBaaiH c^e^iaJIBHO co6paHHBirB am bxoS n;ijiH AaanHX'B ***)... 
PasjiH^HBiMa, HaAo CKaaaxB, OKasaJHCB a oxHomenia mohx'b Koppec- 
noHAOHxoB'B K'h Tbui, aBjienlaM'B, KOxopurB aii'B npaniJiocB EacaxBca 
B'B CBOHX'B coofimeniax'B. Ha pa^y cb ropaqaMH npHBepseai^aMH 
o6ni;HEHaro 3eMjreBjiaAtHia oxoBBajiacB a y6'l»A^HHHe ero npoxMBHHRH. 
K-B caMOMy yKaay 9 aoafipa 6oj!BniHHCXBO oxaocaxca 6e8ycji0BH0 oxpa- 
niaxejiBHO, ho ^isoxopue a B'B HeirB BHAaxi> «MyAPB[fi asTB rocyAap- 

CXBeHHOfi BaaCHOCXH»... 

Coo6ni;eHia npoAOjiaaiorB nocxynaxB ao carB nop-B. B'B BHAy exoro 



*) He^^aBHo K'B TOMy »6 cnoco6y nojiyieHui cBl^A'^aifl ona^aJiHCB bli- 
HyacAeHHHMH npHd-ferHyxB h HJieHH rocyflapcTBenHofl JljiOA, 27 Ik)h« bi ra- 
seT* ;,P'fe'n»* ojtHOBpeMeHHO noaBHJiHCb flsa TaKBX'L nHCBMa: o;tHo— aa noji' 
nucBio iJieHOB'B K.-A.- $paKi;ia BepeaoBCKaro h IIlHHrapeBa, h ;^pyroe— aa 
noAnncBK) HJiena Tpy;^oBoft rpynnH flsioCHHCKaro. 

**) flo CHX-L nopi cooCmeHia mho© nojiyieHH h8t> ryCepHifl: Apxaa- 
rejiLCROfl, 6eccapa6cKofi, BojioroACicofl, BopoHescRofi,;];oHCKofi, EKaTepHHOCJiaB- 
CKOfi, KaaaHCKofi, KajiyacKofl, KypcKoft MockobckoA, HHHeropoACKOfi, HoBropo;^- 
CKofl, OpjioBCKofl, IleHseHCKoft, ncKOBCKofl, CaMapcKOft, CapaTOBCKoft, Chm- 
CnpcKOft, CMOJieHCKOfl, TaBpHiecKofl, Tai£6oBCKoft, TjohCKoiL, Y^HMCKoft, 
XapBKOBCKofi, XepcoHCKOft H ilpocjiaBCKOft. B'b o6meMT> npe;5npHHJiTaa mhok) 
aHRexa y«e saxBaxajia BHa^HTejibHyK) nacxb ry6epHifl cb pasBHTUirB o6mHH- 
HLiM'B 8eMJieBJ[a;;']I^HieKii. 

***) Mea^y npoHHM'b B'b HHCJi'fe npncjiaHHMX'b MH-b MaxepiaJiOB-b HM-firoTca 
H fffiLOHua OAHOfi H8'b M^cTHbix'B aHKeTT>. Pe;^aKi;ia BOJioro^cKoft raaerbi 
^C-feBep-b", KaKT> OKasaaocb, eme B'b aHBap* Mtcau* o6paTHJiacB K-b CBoaitT. 
KoppecnoHj^eHTaM'b co cneiiiajibHUfM'L aanpocoM'b othochtcjibho BUxo;^a as'b 
o6mHHM. nojiyHHBT> Moe HHCBMO, oHa HeMe;^JIeHHO BMcaaJia MH-fe nporpaMMy, 
KaKaa eio 6ujia Aana KoppecnoHAeHxaM'b, a Tanae bc* npacjiaHHtia hmh h 
HaneHaTaHHHa bt* raser'fe Koppec^OH;^eH^iH. 



HA OUPBAHUJI TBIOI. 141 

fl c^HTax) sa Jtyqmee hIckojibro o6o2Kj^aTi> cb o6iiihmh BUBOAaHH, 
Kasie MOSHO c^iJiaTB OTHOCHxejibHO HanpaEieHifl h xeMna TOfo 6ojrb3^ 
HeHHaro npoi^ecca, KaRofi BussaffB ysasoM'B 9 HOflfipfl b'b napoAHOt 
SHSHH. Bx nacTOfln^ifi pasi a ocTaHOBjnocB jiHmB na nlsoTopuxi 
EBit ocHOBHUTB, Ras'B Mwb KaseTCfl, ^aRTopoBx, onpoA'bjiiiiDmHrB ero 
Te^enie. 



I. 

^Ea ABa cnjcTfl noclt onyfijiHROBaHifl Moero nHCBua bb raeexaxB 
KO Mffb hbhjica pa6o^ll/npiixaBiiiifi, RaR'B ORasajiocB, hs'b KoJimiHa^ 
(lacB *3AH orB UeTepfiypra), r^i ohb paSoxaerB na acejrhsHofl AOpori. 

— B'B Bamefi CTopoirb npHnuiocB 6bitb, TaRi^ botb, AyMaio, aattAy... 
Bb cBnpseBBiTB BiAOMOCTflrB» nHCBMO Bame Gbuo nane^aTaHo. TaRx 
a, Mory pascRasaTb, ^to sairB sysHO... 

He^ero h roBopniB, RaR'B s oGpaAOsajicfl sTOMy nepBony OTRJiHRy 
Ha Moe o6pameHie. 

— SI 8T0 jsjbjo xopomo sebjo, — Ha^an cBofi pascRadx ifoi nocb- 

THXeJIB, ROr^a HBI yCTpOHJHCB (TB HHUX RafiHHeTi.— GaiTB yRplHJUiJIC£, 

napoTOO jifla SToro fb A^peBHK) "bBAHJiB.., 

H owh cTajTB TOJEROBO H o6cTOflTejiBHO HSJiaraTB uwb npoi^eAypy 
yRpinjieHifl: ROHy syisHO no^aTB saflBjEeme, RaROfi cpoR'B BimwaTb h 
T. A« nojiy^HJocB TaRoe Bne^aTjrbme, ^to ohi* npnmejrB MeHH na- 
y^HTB, RaRi TaRoe jijbio jy^me Bcero ycipoHTb. H ofiiHCHEjix, ro- 
He?HO, eMy, ^to ne sto mh6 nysno. HanpacHO, o^HaRO, a nBiTajiCH 
nepoBecTH pasroBopib na 6oaie HHrepecHyH) ]^s MeHH no^sy. Bluq 
oqeBHAHO) wro ji^is. Moero cofiec^AHHRa 8to BonpocB ne iipHHi^HniaAB- 
Hufl, a TexHH^ecRifi, ne ofin^ecTBennHft, a jih^hhA... 

— IlflTH Ji'i^rB Mena hsi aoPOBhh-to BHsesjiH... Ha ^to Hni xaMx 
3eMJM?I A TenepB 3a nee Aenbrn mosho nojiy^HTB... fl h noRynaiejia 
yse HMiK)... 

yRaS'B 9 H0H6pH OHB npHHflJIB, O^eBflAHO, RaRl $aRTB, — BuroA- 

HBift A^H Hero ^aRTB, — ROTopnfi H xejiajTB bb cbohxb HHTepecaxii 
HcnojDObsoBaTB. HtROTopoe cMyn;eHie hohbhjiocb y Hero Jinnib TorAa, 
ROFAa fl cnpocHJQCB, yRp'bnHicH jh ohb... 

— HiTB!.. — CB AOcaAofi oiBtxHJi'B OHB.— TexRH y Mena xaM'B 
cxapufl, Aa h APyrie poACXBeHHHRH sacnopHJiii... ][^o h no ch) nopy 
xflHexcfl. 

Ho ecM BT> AaHHOMTb cjiy^ai h 6hj[o cwyn^eHie, xo o6bhchjb[jiocb 
OHO HB liiiTri qxo npamjiocB o xexRayB h APyraxB pOAcxseHHHRax'B 
BcnoMHHXB. Mofi co6eciAHHRB RaR'B 6yAxo 6m Soajich, ^xoaynpeRHy 
ero: < ' 

— Cfioero A^Jia ne mofb ycipoHXb, a en^e ApyraxB npHineji'B 
yHHXb!.. 

KaRTb H yae ynoManyjiB, bb mohxb MaxepiaJiaxTb HMiexca ni- 
CROJiBRO coo6niieHift oxt» jihi^b, KOiopHa cauM yKptnjiajiHCb. H Bct 



144 A. n^fflEXOHOBl. 

• 

TyerB h mh*, — saKanraBaerL cbod jiH^HyE) HCTopiro r. B,, — oxjiojKHTb 
BCjB[Kij9 noneqesifl h He B036y2EU(aTL HHRaKHXi xoAaTaftcxB'b, ji,b,6u ne 
HaBjieib Ha ce6a Kapn co cxopoHH o6mecTBa, a to B08BMyrL-fl;e fl;a 
Bu6efYVh Te6fl bi* xecHTHHEH hjh nosapHue KapayjiBn^HRH h npH- 
Aerca 6pocHTB m4cto h npiixaiB hbi CanapH*... 

9th ;^Ba coofin^emH, ecjH Bt HHrt B;i;yMaTbca, BcapHBaiorB b'b 
cyn^HocTH MHoro jiHj6onuTHaro OTHOCHTejibHO AifiCTBin yKasa 9-ro 
HOflSpa. Ho MH* cefl^acB xorbjiocb 6bi OTMiTHTb JiHrnt o;tHo: jih)ah 

BOTOpHMTb OWb BUVO][fiWb, nOJ[B3yK)TCa HM'L CO CHOKOflflOK) COBiCTbH), 

^yscTBya ceOa cbi saKOHHOMTb npaBt»,.. 

Ji9h qHCjia «yKpinMBmHxcfl» a BsajTB j[E)Aefi, ctohe^hx'b He 
HHffie, a CKopie Bwrne oCmaro ypoBHa. Kp. M. ^HTaert cPyccEia 
Bi;^0M0CTH»*H coBepraeHHO 6e3EopHCTflo »ejiaenb homo^mh* b-b jih- 
TepaTypHofi paCorh. Kp. B. saKarnHBaerB csoe hhcbmo npocbfioft 
peKOMeHAOBaxB eny niKOTopHa MHrn no KpecTBancKOMy Bonpocy, 
«noTOMy mo naniH MyaHKH, — noacnaerb oh'b, — qacTO Mena cnpama- 
BaiorB HHCBMUMH TaKHXi BoopocaxTj^. ToMy H j^pyroMy, otobh^ho, 
He njmjifii oCmecTBeHHbie HHTepecn; cBoflcxBeHHu hm'b h Aofipua 
'lyBCTBa, — ^A^2B6 B-b nojEbsoBaaiH yKaaoM'b 9 Hoa6pa (cxorhjrb no;^- 
Aepsaxb 6paTa,^ 6oj[bHO hjioxo SHBerb») . Ho bto ne litmaerb hk'b 

B'B CBOHX'B JH^HBCX'B H CeMefiHBIX'B HHTepOCaXX OHHpaTBCa Ha CHJ[y> 

^ys^yio HapoAHOMy npaBocosHaHUo. A ^to ohh A'ikficTByiorB nanepe- 
Kopnb HocjT&AHeMy, dxo ohh xopomo BHaiorB. 3a HCKjmqeHieirB ne- 
MHOTHX-B, KOMy yKas-B 9 Hoafipa BuroAeffB, 

Bce ocTajibHoe KpecTbAHCTBO, — roBOpHTB r. 5.,— He AonycKaerb h mucjir 
yKptnRTb HJiH BbiA'feJiHTb KOMy ah6o HHjitjrb. KpecTb5iHe npo SaKOH-b HMtlOrb 
njioxoe noHHTie, ace pa36HpaK)rb no ceoeify: AecKaib, aehuia MipcKaa, h npHHy- 
AHTb o6mecTBo npoTHBi* ero }KeAaHifl hhkto He Hifterb npaea. TojibKO Mipi>, 
KOMy aaxoHCTb, MOHcerb aaib seMJiro; 6y;u» y o6mecTBa o6uiecTBeHHwfl 6biKi>, 
o6mecTBo Moxcen* Aarb h sTOMy 6biKy HajttAi*. A ec^H kto h HMterb jiyiueBOfl 
HaAtji-b, a caM-b x;it6onamecTBOMi> He aaHMMaercsi, o6iiiecTBo HMterb npaso h 
He Aaib HaAt^a h Aa>Ke 0To6paTb pante cpoKa nepeAtvia y Toro, kto HMt^i-b. 

«KcTaTH saMi^,— npH6aBjiaerB r. B.,— ^to B'B HaffleMi ceii 
Mopj^Ba, B'B BOJiocTH TOJIBKO jifio, ceja pyccKHX'B. H Tt H ji^jvid no 
KyjBTyp-h Ha o;i;HHaKOBOM'b ypoBHi». Caifb r. B., noBHfl;HMOMy, ya:e 
;^pyrofi, 6oji'be «BucoKOfi», EyjibTypu, oh'b ycBoajTB HHBLa npaBOBbia 
noHHTia, OH'B anaerB, ^o TaKoe «BaKOH'B»... 9to ;^o HSB'hcTHofl cxe- 
neHH ofeacnaeTB, Koae^no, ero oTHomema k-b KpecTBaacKHM'B npa- 
BOBUM'b BOsap'bHiaMi. Ho juofionbiTHie Bcero botb mo: paacKasaFB 
CBoro jTHiHyH) HCTopiH), T. B. j^aoTB oi^'hHKy yKasy 9 HoaSpa cb o6- 
nieft ToqKH ap'tflia h iiphxoj^ht'b npn btoml-b kb 6e3ycjioBHO OTpni^a- 
TejibHtTMB BHBo^aM'B Ha 610 c^eT-B. OnHcaB-B aenejiBHoe noJioaceHie 

KpeCTBHH'B CBOefl MtCTHOCTH H 06in;HHHHe HOpaffKH, OFB ^^iiaeTB B'B 

KOHiit KOHi^oB'B xaKoe aaoKj^ieHie: 

HeB03MO)KHo onpeAtjiHTb, KaKofl KaBapAaRis nojiy^HTCH npn yxptn/ieHiH 

H.IB BbIAt;it SCMJIH Bli JIH^HyK) C06CTBeHH0CTb. JXa 9T0 Bl* HaiUett MtCTHOCTH H 



fUL OnXBSKBSJi TBIOI. 145 

HeBOdMOMCHO... Kpoiit Toro Bi o6ittecTBt cymecTByerb mbofo pasHbui uary- 
paxbHurb noBHHHOcreft*.. H set str bhau co6aK>AaTb npn yKptnjseHiH uaAtab- 

HOfl aeilAM, eCAH He HeB03M0)KH0, TO OHeHb TpyAHO. 

BbixoAHTB TdXBWb oGpasoiTb, mno Oh o6mfi^ to^kh spiHm yKasi 
9 H(Mi6pfl HHRyxa He foahtch, ho jedj^h, rotopbiitb oh% BuroAea'B, 
EWh Bce-iasH nojrb8yK>TCir. Oaho jsjbjio o6n^ecTBeHHiifl HHTepeci>, h 
jpyroe x^o — JH^HHft... He fb ysop^, KOHe^no, r-^y B. hjh ;ipy- 
FHirb juDfiesHBorL MOHiTb soppecnoHAeHTairB h bto nemy. 

Mai XOlijOCB JIHmB OTMiTHXb O^y HS'B OCHOBEBITB, SaSlb S. AJ- 

Man, iHHifl B-b pasBHTiH HHTepecyDii^aro Haci .sBJieHiii. ^paMaTHSMi 
nojioseHifl wh tows HueHHo h 3aMH)iaeToi, ^to BonpocB rpoMaAHoS 
BasHOCTH, Bonpocb, orB soToparo saBHCHrB Bce Gy^yniee Poccin, 
ptmaeTca ne EOJueBTHBHOD mugjebd h He o6nteK) Bojies), a Bpa3« 

AP06b, Bl OAHHO^Ky> ex TO^KH SpiHlfl JIHHHUX'B HHTepeCOB'B,— H npH 

ToiTB HHTepecoBi 6j[HaKafiiuHrB, HHiepecoffB ceroAHHinHflro jsfla. BnojiHi 

B08M0SH0, ?T0 MHOIie HS'B yspibnJUDIIlHX'B TBnepB HaA'bjIBHyK) seicjio 

pimHJiH 6bi aroTB Bonpoci coBepmeHHO HHa^e, ecjH 6u HifB npn- 
miocB ero ptmaTB g% o6niet tohkh sptaiH, orjiaAUBaflCB bhihpb h 
saruiAiiBafl B^ajB. 

TasoBo o6ntee BneqaTJiime, soropoe ocTaBjHDrB nncBMa cyxptn- 
jiflBmHxcfl>. TasoBBi se bbiboau, vh EOTopuMi npHxoAflTT. H Hiso- 
Topue Apyile HafiiDAaTeiH. «Go3HaTejibHOCTB HAefiHaji, — nnnierB f-h-b 
Mei^eJiBcidfl hbo^ Tnpaonojifl XepcoHcs. ry6.,— npH yEpinaeHin eeMJiH 
OTcyTCTByerib, h ecTB npocxo pejiBe$HO BupaxceHHoe cTpeMJieme 3a- 
spinHTB BbiroAU ASkHHaro ]io]ieHTa». 

Met npHUMocb,— paacKasbiBaerb 0Hi>,^6ectA0BaTb no sTOMy noaoji^ cb 
KpecTbJiBMHOM'b. Co CTopoHfai HOAHTHtiecKofl 6;iar0HaAe3KH0CTH ero npexpacHO 
zapaicTepH3yerb TOf'^HTO ovb, cau-b BUAiJiHBuiHCb, ycntjii* yiKe ocynHTb nt- 
CKO.nbKo ESLjthJioB-h y cboiixi> oAHoce;ibqaHi. H Borb oei* 6e3XHTpocTHO h o6- 
pa3H0 OHHCbiBaa-b MU-h npoucxoAfliuee renepb paapyiueHie o6mHHHaro yKAa- 

JU CeAbCKOfl XCHaHH. <MyXCHKH, KOTOpue nOBblAt/IHAHCb, npOAaAH CBOH yqacTKH, 

AeMbrH nponHJiH h/ih nponnBaiOTb. 4to Aa;ibaie ohh 6yAyTb AlwiaTb? Ha pa6oTy 

MTb HHKTO He HpHlieTB; XOTb 6bl B3flTb MeHJi: 5i KyHHJIl y coctAa seMJiio, a Ha 

pa6oTy H ero He BOSbuy, noTOMy hto cb cunaiiH 51 h caMi> o6pa6oTaio; rax-b h 
RaxAbifl. A HiTb qTO ocraHeTCii AtJiaib?— BUZOAHTb na 6ojibiuyK> Aopory...* 
Moll co6ectAHHKi HCKpeuBO HCAoyMtBaA-b: ,h Kaicb 9to HaqaxbCTBo noaao- 

JMCTb?!' 

^Bx BTHX-B cjEOBarB— npH6aBMerB r. MeDieaBCRlfi— Rpoexcfl yaacB, 
H cajTB co6ec'bAHHE'B npoHHECfl HMx, EOFAa saAaBaax Bonpocx-^qxo 
OHH AaiBme 6jKjTh A'ibjiaTB?» 

IIcHxoJioriH, B'B cynpiocTH Ta se, ^0 h vh OTHomeHiHTB bo bch- 
Koiiy APTroMy ofin^ecTBeHHOMy HHyn^ecTBy, ocraBjieHHOHy 6e8% npn- 
cHOTpa. BBiBaerB sij^, ito no 6peBHHmEy pacTaGEHBaK)TB i^oe 
Bjiame. GaMH TamyrB h caMH se yxHBMDTCH: 

— n saK^ BTO Ha^ancTBo nosBouerB?! 



iKMb. OTiirlurb n. 10 



146 A a'fimszoHOB'B. 



II. 
OpTH xaniyrB, noroMj mao hitb hjsho, AOBOibHue r'kwb, tto xenepB 

8T0 B08M0HH0. jlpyTHH'B, MOSeTb 6UT&, H HB O^eHB HySHO, HO... 

€jtjwb Mysecsaro noia y hhtb ne npeABHAHTCfl», h aia HHrB npa- 
Mofi pac^eTE xoTB ^fbwh^•EA6J}^> nonojiBsoBaTbCfl. Tper&HirB npH- 
xoAHTCfl yse ran^HTB Boiefi-neBOjiefi, Tasii Kasi HHaqe, b^ab, h 6e3% 
HHX'B Bce pacTamyTB... GBo6oj(Hafl nrpa HHxepecoB'b... Ocyn^ecTBuercji, 
MoacHO cKasaTB, nporpaiofa cTaparo jraGepaJiHSMa. Bopo^eirB, He 
TOibKo CTaparo: h coBpeMesHui iH6epaiH8irB ckiohoh'b, vkjsj»; pimeHie 
Bonpoca $opMax^ senjieBJiaA'bHifl npeAocraBHTb «caMoft sh8hh>, 
T. e. Toft-ae cthxIh. 

npaBHTeJiBCTBo HAOTB, OAHaRO, HtcKOJiBso AaiBme. Oho He tojibko 
€no8BOJiflerB», ho h npHnanraen, noompnerB, nonysAd'ei-B. Tan^HTel.. 
Oxei^ OAHoro nsi seMcsHX'B na^aJiBHHROBi (jK^HinpoBCsaro y. Tas- 
pH^ecRoi ry6.) nnmerB MHi, ?to b'b 1907 ro^y bi^ yqacTst ero cBina 
€js^dk BBixoxi Hd'B o6n;HHU nuiH AO BBicmeft cteneHH 6ucTpo». 
cAAMHHHCTpanjii, — noHCHflerB orb, — npeAnpHHHMaj[acjiHmKoin> cepBea- 
Hua irbpH jpu ycKopemfl axoro ABEseHin, xaRi qTO n^KOTopue bbm- 
csie Ha^ajBHHRH A&ae ^yrB ne juinmjmcB MicTB Hs^-sa 6ojrbe 
paBHOAyniHaro OTHomeHis k'b 9touj BOHpocy» *). Bucmafl s^mhhh- 

CTpaiQJi AaBHTB Ha SeMCRHSB Ha^aiBHHROBl, SeMCRie HaqaJtBHHRH — 

Ha HHsmyx) aAMHHiicTpaipE). H^^gitirB HHse^TiirBA^BjKOHie, noo6n;eMy 
npaBHJiy, .cHJiBHie. 

«nopy^a]o BOJiocTHOMy npaBiemio^ — qHTaeiTB mbi vl i^npRyjuipt 
OAHoro HSik seMCRHX'B Ha^ajEBHHROB'B CTaBpoHoiBCRoft ry6epHiH, — npH- 
HflTB 8HeprM?HBUi ifbpBi Kh HaH6oj[BmeMy nocTyiueHiH) saaBieHit otb 

RpeCTBHFB BUXO^b JSSTb otin^HU, B'B OpOTHBHOlTB Ciy^at CTapiHHHa 

H HHcapB 8a 6eBAificTBie Cyxyri npHBJieqeHBi r'b oTBircTBeHHocTH 
8a Hepas'BHCHeHie RpecTBHHairB 8aR0Ha». Bce a^o b'b tomi toibro, 

Tro6u paSlHCHHTB BaROH'B. H BiaCTH He 6e3AtICTByK)rB, 4:pa3%- 

acHflH)rB»... 

B'B H^ROTopEix^ irifecTHOCTHrB BOMCRie Ha^attHHRH canH pas^id' 
sanTB no cejieHiHifB, cyBln^eBaiorB rpoctbhh'b*, cpaeiHCHflJorB 
nojiBsy yRplasemfl h npenocxoACTBo ero nepe^'B HacroflmHiTB hoibbo- 
BaHieirB>, b'b Apyrnx'B irbcTax'B ohh npeAHO^HrasoT'B A^ftcTBOBaTB 
qepesii BOJiocTHyi) aAMHHHCTpaipiD h cbohx'b nncBMOBOAHTeJEefi, ro- 
Topue, ROHeHHO, H 006*6 npE btoitb Roe-^To 8apa6aTUBaH)rB. Arn- 



*) B'B HUHtniHeM'B roA7 B'b TaBpHHecRoft ry6epHiH npeAopHHATU cb 
TDK) »e i;iju>i) HOBiiiA cepbesHbiR irbpu. MesAJ npoiHirb hb-b rasei-b hs- 
B'bcTHo, 1T0 BeicjieycTpoHTejiLHaA KaMnaHia 1908 r. HaiaJtacb sa'^cb otoia- 
TejibHHMik nocTaH^BAemeM'B ry6epHaTopa, B'B cHJiy KOToparo BCJUUfl A'^ficTBiify 
HaapaBJieHHWi ki* yAepsanuo RpecTBHHB otb Buxo^a hbi o^ikhhu, HaRasH- 
BaioTCA mrpa^l^oirB js,o 600 py6. hjih apecTOMi) jsfl 3 M'bCRi^eB'B. 



tu onsfvwui TKMii. 147 

Taipji BBAercji h ycraafly h nnoBiceHHafl npn noMontH itHpsyjuipoBi, 
H ne^aTHafl npH nocpeACTBi jihctsobi h Spomnp'B. IlpaBAa, ara 
nponaraHAa He Bcer^a oRadiiiBaeTCA jameoS, vh oco6eHHocTH, ecjin 
8a Hee Cepyrcfl iHi^a, cTOflnqii Bmne BoiocxHoro nEcapa. B'b Raqe- 
CTwb npHuipa npHBeA7 xota 6ii cjtijQrDn^yi) cmeHsy, HirbBmyiD 
irbcTo Ha oahoh'b hbi czo^obi b'l IlepeHununiCKOM'B j. KaiyscBofi 
ry6. 

SeiiCKlft HaqajibHHKi,— pascKasuBaerb KoppecnoHAeHTb,— o6i»5icHflii no^bay 
jiHHHaro BJiaAtBifl, npHBeAi> raKoft npHirfepi: ecAH y KpecTbUHHHa, yxce yxpt- 
nHBinaro sajrhJiu B-b JiaqHyio co6cTBeHHOCTb, oahhi> h3i> AtTeft BuflAerb HRKyAa 
HeroAHuli qeAOBtiTb, to 0Tem> Hirfeerb BosiioxcHOCTb raxoro cuHa AHiuRTb 
npasa Ha sry semiio *). Hai rpynnu KpecTbsiHi> eMy npHBemi Apyrofl opH- 
M'bpi>: 

— EcnH y zopoiUHxi> Atreli 6yAerb cKBepHuft oreirb, Koropufl pasMoraerb 
aaKptfueHHyio aeiiAio, to hto TorAa AtnaTb cfaiHOBbsiifi>? 

Ha 9T0 seMCKill HaiajibHHirb oTBtTa He Aajii. 

Ho y seMCKHXib Ha^auHHKOB'B HMiiDTCfl Bi pacnopflsemH Apyrie, 
Cojiie cHjiBHue apryiieHTu, ^iui> ciOBecHBiH pasiflCHeniH. H ohh 
npHfi'braiDTB k'b hhhi ^ase b% rbrB cjiyqaflrB, Kor^a, sasaiocb 6bi, 
BToro BOBce He TpefiyercH. HanpHirbpi, wh ceii KpHBomeeBBib Kopo- 
^aHCft. y. KypcRott ry6. oahvb KpecTbHHHH^» cairB seiuuD He o6pa- 
6aTBiBaH)n4fl, noseiajn yKpioHTb qHciHnuecjiBaHHirL hhtb naA^OBi. 
Tpe6oBaHie o Bu^^'b owb sa.HBHJi'B yse Soiie roffa Tony nass^ffi; 
HO o6n^ecTBo OTRasaio. ^BjiacTb — coofin^aen KoppecnoHAeHrL*-noEa 
orpaHHUBaexcfl Biv^epsHBameM'B nop^b apecToirB cTapocTu sa to 
flKo6u, ^To OH'L nioxo BHymaerL o6^^IH'b noBHHOBaTBCH saKony^. 
MoacHO, KOHe^Ho, yrbmaTB ce6fl t^itb, hto BAacTb «orpaHH^HBaeTCH» 
apecTom CTapocTu, ne npHfiiraa soRa si ApyrHM'B^ en^e 6ojrbe 

CHJIBHUMl, CpeACTBaiTB. Ho Vb Cyn^BOCTH HeHSBtCTHO Bi^b^ ffiS. 

qero H cTapociy ona AepsHTb noxh apecToicb, KorAa seMCKiS na- 
^ajibHHK'b, noMHMO o6n^ecTBa, MoseTb cA'kiaTb Bce, tfo nysHO. 

^JLSL qero seMCEie na^aJibHHKH AoCHBanxoa corjiacifl oSn^ecTBi^ — 
fl He SHai). Ho 061 dTOMi nHmyrb ne toibko hsi Eopo^ancsaro 
jb3fl,yk. OfifiWb HB'b KoppecnoHAeHTOBi nepeAaerb cboB pasroBop'b cb 



*) KcTaTH: OAHHik Hsi* ifOHxi KoppecnoHAOHTOBi (r. A(t)aHacbeB'b nvb 
TyjibCK. ry6.) yKasusaerb, hto vb AepesHb He dHanrb, Kasi p'binaeTCH 
8T0Tb Bonpocb no saROHy. „S{ rose— npH6aBJ[iieT'b r. A^aHacbevb—aToro He 
8HaH), Aa H seMCKie HanaJibHHKH, BtpoflTHO, Tose He noHHMai>rb''. Jlflui^ Bb 

TOHb, HTO He H3Bi^CTH0, AOASHa-JIR yKp^nAeHHaJi B-b AH^Hyi) C06CTBeHH0CTb 

HaA'i^AbBafl seMAfl npHpaBHHBarbCfl ki HHyn^ecTBaii b .poAOBUicb* hah .6Aaro- 
npio6p^TeHHburb'. Ecah ee padCMarpHBaTb, xaKi* poAOByi), t. e. nepemeAinyD 
Ki HUHi^mHeMy BAaA'bJibiiy orb ero poAHxejiefi, to ero saB'^n^aTeAbHUfl 
npasa Ha aTy aeHAi), corAacHO Hamnicb saRonaM'B, orpaHHienu; ocah se ee 
paacMaxpHBaTb, Kax'b .CAaronpioCpliTeBHyH) hicb bi» HacTo^niee Bpeua y 
o6mecTBa, to saB'bniaTb ee ohii, A'^fiCTBHTOAbHO, HoseTi, ROMy xoierb. 3a- 
koh-b Ha aTOTT* eierb yMaAHHBaeTi». Ho aTo, ohobhaho, ho CMyniaerb aen- 

CRHX'B HaiaAbHHKOBb! OHH „pa8'bACHAI)Tl>' OrO Bl CaifOiTb »,AH6epaAbH0irb*' 
CUUCA'I^. 

10» 



148 A. o'ftitmoHOfi^. 

BeMCKHiTB BaqsuiBHHKOM'L rpaflBopoHCJcaro yie^ta Tott-se Rypcsofi 
ryfiepHiH. 

— Si coBepinHJi'B,— roBopM'B stotb seMCKiil HaqajibHHK'^--6oj4e 
10 aBTOBib BuxoKk H3i> o6ii^Hflu H HE pasy He BCTptTHJTB ciy^afl 
Ao6poBOjrBHaro corjiameHifl o6mecTBa na BBiA'i^eHie ROMy-iHfio seiciH 
H8i o6ii](BHHaro BjiajLiHifl' BeBjsjb oSn^ecTBaHe AaBaiHcoriacifl na Bupa- 
seHHoe rbwh hjkh APyrHirB ueHOH'B seianie jxajsjbjLBTbCB. H HHRa- 
YOLWh CTpaxoM'B Ha HHX'b HB nojijkSLCTBjemh. SoBoniB CTapocTy H noA'B 
yrposofi apecia h mrpa^a npHRasuBaemB eMy cocTaBHTb h noxHHcaTB 
npHroBopi BUA'^oHi^ ^^ oCh^hhii^ ho nojiy^aeiDB RaTeropH^eciot 
oTKas'B. CTapocia nepenocHrB h mxpa^'B, h apecrB, ho ynopHO no- 
opaerB, tto <o6n^ecTBO hh sejrbjio ^aBaTB corjiacU*. Gi tj^mb m 
oxnycTHmB... 

MoseTB 6uTB, seMCKie Ha^aibHHKH bhahtb oco(iul hihbb b-b 
TOMBy ^To6u yspinieHiH, npoHcxoAHu no npHroBopaM'B oGn^ecivB, 
a He no hx'b nocTaHOBJEeHiflHi. Moxera 6bitb, ohh ATMaiorB, qro Ha- 
qajiBCTsy npurrflie, ^to y hhxt» wh y^acTitax'B Bce Ji^&srb «no-MHJOMy, 
no-xopomeHy»y «no corjiaciH)». H to, h Apyfoe bobmosho, Konewo. 

Ho yrbmuTB ce6H hjih naqajiBCTBO «coriacieM'B> seMCKHiTB na- 
qajiBHHKaMi npHXOAHTCH, KaffB ESB'bcTHo, p^AKO. rpoMaAHoe6ojiBmHH- 
CTBO yKpinjreHifi npascxoAHrb no hxb nocTaHOBAeHiffMi npH p&nn- 
TejiBHOiTB OTKast oSn^ecTB'B AsiTB cBoe conacie, — e MHorle aeMciie 

Ha^aiBHEKE BHOJIHi CB OTEX'B HpEHEpEIflCB. Ho E Sa BC^MB l4irB 

yspinJieHls ne oGxoahtch 668% «epeACTBifl». jH^iio b'b toeb, ^to 
jiHwaro EHTepeca b^ yKpinjceniE na^iBHot seMjm y jisi](b, soTopiui 
roTOBU ycjiyacHTB na^ajiBCTBy, EHorAa ne mAercsL, ejie ohb OKass- 
BaeTCfl HeAOCTarouuM'B au tofo, ^o6£I oniaiETB ary ycxyry. H 
deMGKEM'B HaqajtbHEftaifB npExoAHTca stotb EHTepecB Tasi ejie Ena^e 

COSAaTB EJIE yCEJIETB. CpCACTBa A^ 8T0r0y ROHe^HO, EMilOTCE: Bia- 

CTE cpasiECHEiorB^ GOOTE'^TCTBynH^EiTB oSpasoiTB ysasi 9 HoaGpE, 
a nonyTHO e bg^ Apyrie sasoHBi. Ecie 3se aioro OKaBUBaercE hb- 

AOGTaTO^SO, TO nyCKaiDTCE B'B XOAB «ycnOK0ETeJIBHHE)^ GpeACTBa. 

HETaTOJUi, 6uTB aoserB, noMHETB «nECBMO EST* EaiamoBCKaro 
ybsAa^, HaneqaTaHHoe B'B MapTOBCKoft KHHrb <PyccKaro BoraTCTBa», 
E Tb 6e88aK0fliE, saiciE nosaAoCEiucB, qTo6u o6opyAOBaTB paacsa- 
saHHue B'B HeiTB «TpE cjryqaE» yKpbnjieBiE Ba^iAsofi seiUH B'B 

JIEHHyK) C06GTBeHH0CTB. Ha COBimaHiE *), COCTOEBmeMGfl BB KOHI^ 

anptjiE no HHEnjiaTEB'b h.-c. napTin, ME'b npEnuiocB ycjEtimaTb ecto- 
piK) yaplnjieHiE seifJE B'B g. BoiBmoM'B Rapal, HaxoAflni[eMCfl B'B 



*) B'B coB'Bii;aHiH, noesAiueHHOMB yicasy 9 Hoa6pfl, spou'B jihi^t>, cne- 
UkuibHO npH6uBiiiHxi AAA aTofi atJiH, DpHHflJiH Taicxce y^acTie H-BRoropue 
HJioHU npoHCxoAHBmaro TorAa bi» MockbIi KoonepaTEBnaro cb-bsA^- ^ no- 
BHaKOUHaB coB^ni^aBie cb MarepiajiaifH, KaKie Kb Tony BpeueHH Cujul mhod 
noJiyneHu, h bi> cbox> onepeAb Be Majio ycJiuxani paacsaaoB'L o tomb, hto 
TBopnrcji bb A^peBH'b wh cbjish ci> yKasoM-B 9 H0A(5pfl. MaxepianaiiH dToro 
coBtu^aHia mh'B en^e npHAOTCA BocnojKbsoBaTbCJi. 



toMi se BaiamoBCKOM'B y48;^4— Hcxopi©, eme 6oji*e xapaKTepnyi} 
CB BTOit TO^KH dp^Hifl. AAHHHncTpai][iji saAajiacB sj^tcb aboShok) 
ittibK): ch OAHOfi CTopoHU, B03Harpa;(HTb «cok)8hhkob'b» sa c^erb 
HaflifejibHot seMiH, H cb jD5)yfoft — :^BHHyTb HaA*JibHoe BeMieycxpott- 
CTBo npH Hrb coaMctbIh. B'b peayjibTarb SHBHb rpoMa^Haro ceja 
J^o Heibas ocj[o»HHJiacb, a SHaqHTejibHafl njioma^b HaA'ibjibHoS seMJU 
ocraiacb HeaacbaHHoS. Sema osasajracb Ha cTOjrbKO «7EptnjieHH0fi>, 
qTo xoBfleBa He plmaiDTCH Kb cBOHM'b noJiocaiTb jE^aace npHCTynHTbca. 
BojDbme-KapaficKafl ECTopin, HacKOJibKO mb HSBibcTHO, ao ghxi nopi 
ocTaercji ne JiHRBHAHpoBaHHOfl. 

J^jui HjijuDCTpaipH Toro, KasyE) AJtHHEyio i^nb 6e33aK0Hifi hhoS 
pa3Ti npHXOAHTCE BJiacTHM'b npoA^jaTb H saK'b MHOFO snepriH hitb 
npHxoAHTCfl npoHBHTb, ^To6£i ABHHjTb yRp'bnjieHie HaA^JOiHoft seiuu, 
fl BOBbHy HCTopiD, pasbirpaBmyDca bo 2-irb BapHyROBCROM'b 0611^6- 
CTBt BojibCKaro y. Tott se GapaTOBcsot ry6. 

Mbicjib 061 yxptnjieHiH HaAt^bHofl 3eMJiH»— pascKaauBaerb KOppecnoH- 
ACHTb, - iKpeouavaJibHo 6iii;ia BHyuieua KpecTbflHHBy Excosy, KOTopufl y]Ke 
AaBHO Cpociuii KpecTbflHCKoe zoshIIctbo, KaKi> raaBHoe aauHTie, h odpmuEca 
itb ToproBjrb h npoMuuMeHHOCTH. Unsi sroft ifbAH obi> CH5iJn> y o6mecTBa 
Wh 1898 T. jiecaTRHy aeunH okojio Boxaajia (aa 64 py6. bi foai), nocrpoHJrb 
Tairb aM6apB, noctofljiiiiit ABopi, ;iaB04Ky... SaxoHa 9 H0fl6pfl oifb ne aairhnurb 
a He noHim^ noxa ero He HaTOAKHyAi> seMCKia HaHaiibHMK'b, iioai* pyxoBOA* 
CTBOii-b xoTOparo OH-b H Bucrymurb. KpoMt Hero 6uao npHBaeqeno ki> aroMy 
AtJiy eme ABa aazyAanbirb xpecTbflHHHa, KyaHeuoBi h Oahhokobi>; h TaxHMi 
o6pa30irb Hcropifl naqajiacb. 

no cyn^ecTBy HCTopiH sopoTKaa: «8eM0Kifl Ha^aaibHHK'B npHmexb, 
y OAHHXi BBSUFby APF^^^^ 0TAajrb». H hbao csasaTb, ^to ci* dXHirL 
A^JioiTb OHi He MeAiHJTb. 10 anpbiiH 1907 ro^a oh'b opeAnncai'L 
BOJiocTHOny npaBJieniD o&b3BW£b BapHyaoBCKOMy o6n^ecTBy, ^to na- 
XlkjibHaH dOMifl, HaxoAHH^aflCH npn CTani^H sejiisHot Aoporn, hmi 
OTBOAHTCH KpecTbHHaifb TOKHifB-To. H «cxeMaTH?ecidtt njiaHi»» Hirb 
6uA'b npH BTOiTb npHJioxeH'b, H npHsasame «HcnojiHHTb fieai sajieA- 
j[eHifl» He 6iuio 8a6iiTo. MesAy rbirb B'B aro BpeMH a^^^ nocxaHO- 
BJemii o&b yspbiuieHiH ea ysasaHHUMH nLWb RpecxbAHauH naA'bib- 
Hofi aeiUH en^e He 6uao. TaROBoe 6ii3lq cocxaBjieno somcrhm'b na- 
^ajUHHROM'B TOjiBRO 8 Mafl. BoiBQie xoro: As^e saflBAemtt sejiaDoiiie 
yRptnHXbCfl en^e He noAajiH, — xaROBBu nocxynnjiH oxi hmxi> jamb 
13 anpiifl. 

CaMO C0601) noHHXHO, ^xo nepBEie Rjuenxu yRasa 9 H026pfl hbh- 
jiHCb He A^'POM'b. SomcrU HaqajEbHHRfb HX'b o6j[aroA'bxejibcxBOBaji'B. 
XoxH vb o6n^ecxBi yse cocxoascH (12 HHBapfl), BomejTB wb eaROHHyio 
CHJiy H pfissB ox^acxH CbOTb npHBOAeH'B vb HcnoJiHeHie npnroBopB o 
HOBOicB nepoA^ii, oh'b bshji'b sa ocHOBaHle a^ j[,dJLbwb9mfiTb pa- 
cqexoB'B nepeA'bJTB 1894 r. Ky8Heii;oB% h Oahhorobb no axoicy 
nepeA^y, Roxopuft npoHBBeAeffB Ckue'b ho HasHqHBiM'B AjniairB icy- 
secRaro noia, nwksE ao xpn naAtjia, a Esobi qexupe; MesAy 



150 A. nftmRxoHOBi. 

liiTB HanraHiiXB jsjurb vh ceiuA z'b uombhtj jEpbiueHui oKasa- 
Jiocb: J Eysaei^OBa h OAHHOKOsa no oxHOfi h y EsoBa rpH. Ho- 
cjdAHifl oTb HBiHinHefi seiuiH, a Tasse Oahhorob'b otb oahofo hsi 
HniBiiiHXGfl y Hero na^iOBi BejuiKOAynmo oTEasaJiHCL; ocraiLHaa 
HBiHiiiHflji seiua, HMiBmaflCfl y OAHHOsoBa h Ky3Hei^0Ba, fiuia 
yKpftueHa aa hhmh, npn ^em seMCRif Ha^aiBHHBii HasHaqHXB ch 
HHX'L vb noibsy o6n^ecTBa no 14 py6. sa KaaBAufi nsiHoiHii na- 
XiTB (vh 4 jsfic.). Ha^o CKasaTb, qro no ysasy 9 Hoa6pA naiHnrajUE 
seifxa M02BerL 6EiTb yKpinieHa sa KpecrbHHaMH, y soTopuxi Taso- 
Baa osasercji, ho «noAi^ ycioBieirL yosaxu o6n^ecTBy ea ctohmocth, 
onpe^iueMot no nepBonaqaiBHott cpe^Het BUKynHoll islbwb sa flfic&- 
ciiTHHy». noTOMy iH^ qro r. Cnys'B — TasoBa (j[)aMHiifl seMciLaro na- 
^aiLHHsa — ^epesqypi xoponHica hie se oh'b sejiajTB 6iiTb meApBUTB, 
HO TOJ[&KO saKOVB OHi padiACHH^'B HO-CBueMy: «nepBOHaqaxBHy£) 
cpe^HK)!) BLiKynHyiD u^ny sa Aeci[THHy», sasoBafl oKasaiacB p&BHOi 
14 py6., owb HasHa^HJii 8a i^ut ^yineBott na^Aixb, t. e. sa 4 fifi- 

CflTHHU. 

Ho 8THirB ero 6jiar«A^HiH ne orpaHH^HiHCB. Ohi> ho toako 
yRpiHHXB deujoo, no h Buj5jbja]i% ee co6cTBeHHO» BjacTbX) k% 
oxHOMy irbcTy, na ^to Aaoe ysas'B 9 HOJiOpH ho A^'BajTB eny npana. 

UpH arOlTL OHl OTBeJTB Vh JIHqHyiD G06CTBeHH0CTb TpeXl SpeCTBHffB, 

KaK-B yase CKasaHO, seMjno npH cTani^tn, t. e. caMyio i^iHHyio qacib 
HaAiia. Sa^cb HaxoAHXCfl coaAEJ, aM6apii, nocTOHJUie ABopu, a vh 
6yAyn^eirB, s^poHTtfo, BOSEHKHorB u^^oe nocasenie. Escob'b, sas^B 
6iluo ynoHflHyro, ao chxi nopi* njaTHJfB ofin^ecTBy 64 py6. bi foa^^ 
sa OAHy AecHTHHy. Ecjih 8Ty i(H$py RanHTaiHSHpoBaTB hbi 5%, to 
CTOHMOCTB BeiUH npH CTaH^iH onpeAbjiHTCfl Vb 1.280 py6ieft ao- 
cflTHHa. dry to bohjiid seMCKift na^axBEHKi h «BtiAij[HJB». 

CBott «npoeKrB» BUA^Jia oh'b MOTHBHpoBai'B. OHib HamejTB, iro 
«8eMiH npH CT. BapHysoBRa orflocHxcfl Kb qeTBepxoMy (paspaAy?) 
no KaqecTBy h irbcTy, t. e. xoth h npnroAHa bgh k'b pacnaimrb 
8a HCsiDqemeiTB Aoporn, ho AOJOsna 6b[tb oTHecoHa K'b cpeAHeft no 
KaqecTBy seiurfc hsi bc^xi seMeJib, HaxoAfln^HxcH bo RjaAtmH o6me- 
CTBa». «RoHeqHO, — npH6aBjg[EerB oh'b^ — ct. BapHysoBKa, ebjuhcb 
i^eHTpoiTB jrtcTHaro naccaaRHpcKaro h rpysoBoro ABH»eHfE» mevb Ma- 
TopiaJiBHBifl npeuMy^ecTBa BBiAibiHroni^MCJi cpaBHHTejiBHO cb npo^HMH 
Hx^ OAHOofin^ecTBeHHHKaMH, HO wb nojiBsy nocjrbAHHXi ohh orsasa- 

IHCB OTB AOXOAOBl CB MlpCBHX'B o6poqHUX1b CTaTOfl, H RpOMt TOTO 

BUA&UDn^iecfl npEHysAemi necTn 3db EeyAo6cTBay pacxoAH h ydBiTRH 
no nepeceieniK) EVb cejia na hobkiS BUAtJienHufi eitb yqacTosrB 

8eMJ[E». 

B% A^fiCTBHTeJIBHOCTE OAHHl HSli BUJl,ijUlJOmjlXGB (EsOBl) SEBBTB 

npH CTanipE yase c% 1898 r., a ABa APyrie, EaRi* ysaBiaajio hotoitb 
ofin^ecTBo Vb cBoei acaioSi, BucejiEroTCA TyAa «no Ao6pofi CBoefi Boii, 
paAE jiE^Haro cBoero o6oran^eHiE». ?to sacaeTCfl o6poqH£Ex^ CTaTeft, 
OTB AOXOAOBi CB KOTopux^ 6yAT0 6u OTKaBamcB BBiAlianniiecfl, to 



HA OUPi^HUfl TBMU. 151 

naBHOH) o6po?HOH) cTaTBeK) o6niecTBa h 6uj[a bqujlsl npH cTanipHy 
ROTopyn HM'B OTxajii seMCKifi Ha^aJibHHR'B. 

HyBOTsyfl, noBHAHMOMy, maxKOCTB cbohxb aKOHOMHqecKHX'B pacve- 
TOBTb, nocjlj^sifi BiiABHHjjii> Ha nepButt njiaH'B apryiceHTu noJiHiH^e- 
csaro cBOflcTBa. Oh^ ccBiiaeTCfl Ha to^ ^to «6e8qHHCTBa h ocKopfijie- 
HLH, KOTopuifB He pa8i noABoprajiHCb BBiAibjiHiDndecH, sacxaBJuuDTB 
VTb HepenecTH ycaAb6u na Bu;i:bjieHHy]D k'b oahom^ irbcry seMU), 
TTO H cocTaBJiHerB OAHfi'B m-b noBOAOB'B ETb sejiaHU Bufijbjonbcsi 
npH CT. BapHyKOBKa». «TaKoe K'B rpanni^ h ne CMeJSHoe cb ceioirB 
Bii^tjieHie, zoTfl h HeB^ajieKt orb nero,— npH6aBjuierB seMcsifi na- 
qaJibHBK'By-'rapaHTHpyerB BujijbjuiJoiajaiuoA 6osbme, niwh BCHsoe Apy- 
roe BUA^JieHie, HenpHRocHOBeHHocxb hx'b HMymecTBa, a noiefl nrb 
orb noTpaBb[». JificTBHTejibHO jlh 6iijih «6e8qHHCTBa h ocsop6AeHLi», 
ynacTBOBajio jh vh uetl Bce o6niecTBo hjh toabo OTA^JibHUH jm^a h, 
TiaBHoe, Moserb jih HaAiibnafl seMJui oTBOAHTbca bi BOBirbn^eHie me^- 
HUTb o6HA:b»—Bce dTO Bonpocu, no HUHiniHHirb BpeMenaH'b ne H^pix)- 
me, BOie^HO, sHa^eniH. ^ocTaxoHHo cocJiaxbCH, ?to xaicrb HMeHHo» a 
He HHa^e nysHO cAftxaTb vb BHAarb <ycnoBoeHiH». 

20 iDJifl 1907 r. yidAHufi (nAzjsih, vb npHcyrcTBin npocHiejiefi 
KysHeAOBa, OAHHOKosa h Esosa (ynoiHOMO^eHHbix'b otb ofin^ecTBa 
He fiuio), padCMOTptji'b aro js^o h, «Gorianiaacb cb sasiD^eHieirb 
seiccBaro HaqajibHHKa, nociaHOBHJi'b: yKpliiHTb b^b OAHOny Micry vb 
irtcTarb, ysadaHHiix'b deMCKHjrb na^ajibHHKOM'b, h npenpoBOAHTb ca- 
noe Atxo AU HaffJiesan^aro HcnoiHeniH seMCBOMy Ha?ajnbHHBy». 

HaAJiesan^HiTb ofipaaoMi oho h paHbme yse fiiuo Hcnomeno. 
<npi'bxajrb seHCKifi na^ajibHHVb^ — pascKaaiiBaeTb soppecnoHxeHTb, — 
BSHJi'b AOMopoHieHHyiD casseHb H OTMipHi'b, cKojDbBO, HO eio npeAHoio- 
seniK), cjit^yerb Bbi^ijiflnniBMCH seiuH*. Ilocjrb Toro yse HaqaiHCb 
Bci i)TH ^opicajibHOGTH — saBEieHifl, nocTanoBjieHifl, npoeiCTU h t. a.# — 
saTHHyBiniHCH ao ifona. 

Ho Ha^asmaacH bochoS 1907 r. HCTopia yKptnjenijBL HMftia h 
Apyroe xe^enie. Kpecxbane cnaqajia pacxepajiHCb. Maio nocBjm^eH- 
Hue Vb CMucjTb H BHa^eme npoHcxojpEBmaro, «ohh Aoiro Hyrancb 
B'b nopHAB'b san^HXbi cbohx^ npaBi, ne buxoab h81 npeA^jiOB'b caoBO- 
roBopeHiH>. Ho noxoMi Bce-xaKH Bu6paj[HCb na Hs^esantyn, sasa- 
locb, Aopory. Ohh nanum ae&b noBipeHHaro h, ne nponycsafl cposa, 
ofisaJiOBajiH nocxanoBJieHie cb'iksAa bi rySepncKoe opHcyxcxBie. Bes- 
SHBOHit 6uia Aonyniena- xaKaa Macca, ^xo b'b oxirbHb axoro nocxa- 

HOBJieHlH MOSHO 6BUI0 He COMHtBaXbCH. TaK'b KaK'b HocxaHO&ieHiii 

cbteAa no i^airb axoro poAa ne c^HxaioxcH OKonqaxejibHbiMH, xo 
KpecxbHHe fiujiH BnpaBb naxaxb cbod BeiuDO. Ha bcheiS oiynatt 
11 aBxycxa ohh cocxaBHu npHroBopi, ixo ecu Roro 6yAyTb aa axo 
npecjrbAOBaxby xo oxBtxcxBOHHocxb npHHHMaerb na ce6H Bce o6nie- 
CTBO. Ha cjiiAyK>nUfi se a^hb ^exBepo KpecxbflFb 6hah apecxoBaHH... 
Bi cpeAHvl ceHXH6pH bb BapHysoBEi neosHAaHHo noHBHJOicb 
6 cxpaaBHHKOBi, a ^epesi nicjii^ seMcsifi na^ajibHHK'b hbhica bi 



15S A. C«inBXOflOB'&. 

BOJiocTfioe npaBienie, npHKasaji'L otkputb AOHesHUfi cjekjki> h m- 
6pajrB HMiBmiecfl t^wb 480 py6. ofin^ecTBeHHaxi Aeaevb, o&bXBEWb, 
mso 800 py6. not jijvb Ha odHyHAflpoBame cTpasHHKOB'B, a 180 py6. 
KWb vh asajtoBaHbe 3a nepBufi MicflifB. Ha ;^ajiBH%ttniee xe htb oo- 
Aepsame seifcsifi Ha^ajibHHS'B odjiosHjn EpecTbSH'B AonoiEHreibEmcB 
cfiopoifb B-B 1 p. 25 E. ct jsjmE, uro ^ajio 937 p3r6. 50 Kon. Ta- 

SHM'B 06pa80M'B SpeCTBAHe He TOJD>KO JIHmHJIHCb SeiUH, HO H HOiy- 

raiH coAepaHMyro aa mrb c^en 6oeByK) APySHHy, — npaBxa, 6wh 
opysia. 

JlfiBaTh pasi OHH cofiHpasHCb Ha cxoai, sexafl noj^aTb saio5y 
ry6epflaTopy cl TpeSoBaHieifB, m£o6u jswb BOSBpaTEJiH OToSpaHHtUi 
AeH&TH. Ho BJiacTH HH 8a ^TO 8T0F0 HO acojaiH AonycTHTb H pa^i- 

mHlH Bl KOHI^ K0HI];0B'B JIHDIb npOCHTeJUHUfi HpHTOBOpi Wb HTB 

co6cTBeHHot peAaKI^H. ry6epHaTop'B o6in^axB pascjrbjiOBaTb a^o, ho 
CTpasHHRH Bce-^aKH ocTaiHCb. B'B HHBapi HBiHlnmHro roAa KpecTbHHe 
cocraBHjiH HOBufi npHroBop'b, KOTopuicx p'bniHTejibHO OTsaaaiHCb nia- 
THTb A^HbrH Ha BTb coABpsaHle. B'B OTBirb Ha 910 BeMcsifl Ha^aJDb- 

HHS'b SaflBHJTL, ^TO Kl GTpaSHHKaiTb OWh npH6aBHTb 6^6 pOTy COJI- 

Aarb. 

Ho ry6epHCKoe na^ajibCTBO qyBCTBOBajio, noBHAHMOMy, ^to sanuH 
qepea'B-^ypb ysi A&^eKO, h seiicEOMy Ha^aibHHsy, saK'b npexnojia- 
raerb EoppeonoHAem-b, 6wio npeAJioseno HCTopiio co cTpasHH&aiui 
jiHSBHAHpoBaxb. Owb HpoAJiosHJi'b KpocTbAHairb oocraBHTb noEasHmitt 
npHroBop'b, o6'&n^afl, qxo cTpasHHROB'b nocjil btofo y6epyTb. Ho spe- 
CTbflHe oi*b THEoro upHtOBopa EaTeropH^ecEH OTEasaucB n, ho anaii, 
vto jifiLibme ;^jiaTb, p'bmBJiH o6paTHTbCH HenocpeACTB6HHO vb Oro> 
jiunHHy. 

Ho ryrb npoHSOuiJio,— paacKaauBaerb KoppecnoHAeHTb,— Httro HaoaauuBHoe: 
crpasKHHEH HC4eaAH... HBHJiHCb B-b BOJiocTHoe npaBACHle, cHflJiH CBOH ifyaABpu 
H HOKHHyAH ceAO... Bi pesyjibTaTt y odmecTBa oKaaajicff aeftxraysi oojumeft- 
CKiro o6MyHAHpoBaHi5i: 6 MyHAHpoBi, 6 uiHHejiefl, 6 <|)ypa]Keirb. Opyada b% 
9T0M'b ueAxrayat toabko noTOMy HtTi», vro ero eme He BbicjiajiH. 06u(eeraeH- 
Husi AeHbrn Toxce HcqeasH... 

SeHJieiD npH CTanipH BiaA'biorb Esobi h K®. «06nieoTBO saicopjio 
B'B osHAaniH p-lmeHifl ceHaTa»... 

TaKOBa BapHyEOBCEafl HcxopiH. Mwk Easerci, socTaTO^HO ea 
OAHofi, ^To6ii ^HxaTeiH cociaBHJDDs 066*6 HariHAHoe npeAtraBiOHie o 

TOt CHli, EOTOpafl, pHAOlTb C^b JtH^HBHTB HHTepeOOMX H ^nSB OHVpe* 

acafl ero, pafioraerb na^'b paBpymeHieicb o6xnEwa, 



flA onsmnmi tiskk. 158 



III. 
HuliOTCfl H Apyrie ^asTopu, A'^^ficTByDo^ie wb tom'b xe nanpa- 

BJIOHiH. Bl PiSAT HTB KOppecnOHAeHTfil OTBOAflTB AOBOJIBHO BHAHJD 

pojib a^HTa^ul BcdKHXb xoAaTaeBi^ <juD6HTej[efi» h HHsniHrB BiacTefl, 
A^cTBjDniHrL jse He sa cTp^xi, a sa AOHbrH. B'b CBoeirL ycepAin 
OHH HepiAKO onepesaDTB A^se na^ajibCTBo. B'B sa^ecTBi npHirbpa 
BO8M7 coo6ii;eHi« T-Ha 0.,— OAHoro h8% jihi^, cjEptoxaBinHXi^ seicjiK) 
ApyiHirE. 

H XHBy,~nMUierb obi>,— bi AxKepMaHCKOMii ybsAt 10 Atrb... 51 cJiyxouiii 
rb AOAXHOCTB AtAonpoHSBOAHTenii BOAocTHoro cyAA H noMHK), Karb npH MRt 

Ha MtCTHOMl BOAOCTHOIfb CXOAt SAKOHl 9 HOSl6p5I 6UAli 06lflBAeHl> AH«1H0 

aencKHirb uaqaAbHHKOM'h. Bi Apyrnxi> BOAocrnxii cBoero yqacnca on-b raioKe 
AH<iBo o6ibflBAsurb sTOTb saKOHii. HaAO cxaaaTb, mo mojioaoA seMCKifl naiiaAb- 
mutb, Htno r. A., npoflBHBuiiA HeonuTHocTb Boo6me bi CBonx-b cAy- 
ace6Hurb oSflaaHHocnix'b, BuxaaaAii h Bb stomii AtAt 6oAbuiyio oiuRdxy, ripo* 
viTtBi cxoAy neiiaTHufl Texcrb aaxoHa, oirb BSffAcx pasisicHBTb nopsuorb 
yxptnAeniA aeiiAH B'b AH<iRyK> co6cTBeHHocTb» n paaiflCHHAi. Taxi, <ito xpecrb* 
me, OReHb aaHHTq>ecoBaBHfaie hobumi aaxoHOM-b, xoTopuit Hirb noMpaBHACB r 
Ha ocyiaecTBAeale xocro ohh BbipasnaH ropflqee weAaHie, nocAt ,pa3i»A€HeHifi* 

r. ZL B rOAOBU OOyCTHAH. 

Xino vb Towhy qro r. ^, noBHAHMOny, BOofipasHjrB, ?to yxp'bn- 
leHle CyAOTB npoHBBOAiiTLCfl vh cepBes'B, xas'B bto ciiAOBaio 
6ii fjksATb npH HopMaiLHOii'& uofsmsA. Kaa^aji cA'^Jisa, no ero cio- 
BaiTB, AOJUBHa BaBepmHTbCA y Hoiapiyca, soToput aojisoe'l BUAaTb 
AaHHyx) Ha yKpiiujieMjD seiuxi ci npnjioaeHieM^ TO^naro ^epTeau 
Baaww) y^acTsa. B'b ofin^eifB, isaEi offB Aynaji'L, aro Moserb norpe- 
6oBaTb AO 20 p. pacxoAa Ha A^cflTHHy. Toro, ^to b'b •A^HHOM'b cjiy- 
maA HutercH vb bekj qucro-pyccRoe yspiiiAeHie, — se ctoibeo ysp'b- 
nienie, ckoabko pacxHmenie,— r. Ji;., oiesHAHO, He pac^yxajrb- B-b 
peayAbTarb cKpecTbjrae MHpno paaomAHCb, TrofiH nosafiHTb nocxopia 
HOBiitt saROHi, KaK% BeI^b A^H HHrb Heocyii^ecTBHMyK)». 

Ho npHcyrcTBOBaBmifl na cxoa^ A^aonpoHSBOAHTejib BOiocxHoro 
cyAa cpasy pacsycHjrb, B'b qeM'b xyrb nrryxa. MesAy rhM-b, 6Aaro- 
Aapfl tHaxeHbKHifb HeAOcraTKairb MexaHH8Ha», cb hhm'b cjiy'iHJiacb 
HenpijrrHooTb. «Ki Hapiy lrtca^y 1907 r.,-^roBopHirB Offb, — a sa 
BaRyD TO MHHMyi) nponaraHAy Ciurb BpeMOHHO ycTpaHeni otb aojuk* 
HOCTH, BnpeAb AO pimeHifi Hoero noiHTHqecKaro A^Aa». HyseH'b 
6&urb KaKofl-iH6o sapaSoTOK'b. 

CAynaflHO pasroBopHBinacb no Bonpocy o(3i> yxptnAeHiH scmah cb xpecrb- 

BHHHOM-b COCkAHArO CCAA B., KOTOpufl 0C06eHH0 XCHBO HHTepeCOBaACA STOM'b 

AtAOifi, HO 60AACA HenpoHSBOAHTeAbHbixi pacxoAOBii, A cxaaaAi CMy, vro 
seiicxifl BanaAbRHKi HaepaAi* h 6oAbuie HHqero. Bi> AOKasareAbCTBO npcA- 
AoxcHAi CBOH ycAypH npoBecTH A'bAo Cb ycAOBieMi, ecjiH HafiAercii V* ^e/iax)- 
HauLi mi HHCAa AOMOxoaneBii ceaa (aasi aaxouHaro nncjia roAOCOBi> aa cxoAt)* 



1 



154 A. nftniEXOHOirB. 

3a nnaty no 5 Kon^ cb AecflTHBu yKptnjmeMofl aeiuH h cb yiuiarofl anirb jte* 
Ben no npHiuTiH aeucKHM-b Ha<ia;ibHHKOM'b npHroeoporb cxoAa h sacBHjrb- 
TeflbCTBOsaBifl hmi* we, <ito 6ojite HHKaKHzi> pacxoAOBi* ne noTpedyercB. 6. 
nepenajTb mob ycaoBis OABOcejibiiaBairb, xt c6rJiacB;iBCb. CoBepuiB;iB npo6ByK> 
sanBCb BcejiaioiuHz-b. Hxi Ba6paAocb B-b nepBuft xce Aesb okoao 80. Ha Apyrofl 
AeBb, KOFAa yaaajio Bce ceAO, sanacajiocb 6o;rke 170 qejiOBtirb. Moxcbo 6biJio 
npBcrynHTb icb xhny. B-b noMoiub ko uat npBUKHyAi* roBapBurb. SaKaaajm 
6AaHKB npHroBOpOBi> no ({^oput, npBCAaBHOfl ry6epHCKMirb npBcyrcTBieifi, a 
aaKBO^a paOora. IIpBCOCABBBJiocb eme 49 noBbixi* ^xceAaiomBX'b'. Ki 12 an- 
ptAfl 1907 r. 299 nparoBopoai* 6faiAB aanoJiBeBU Heo6xoABMfaiMB cBtAtHiflifB 
Bcero CBbiuie <rfcMi> Ha 3000 Aec. seMAH... Sroro HBCAa coctobacb cxoai>, npH- 
roBopu 6biAH noAnBCaHu rpaMOTHUMB, ^sluhMh HerpauoTHbix-b npone^araAB bi 
THnorpa<|)JH, BTaKBiii o<5pa30M'b o(|)opMeHHbie npHroBopbi oTBesAH rb aeiicKoyy 
Ha*)aAbHBKy. 

SeMCJsift Ha^ajiBHHK^ fl,Bxe no6jiaroAapHJrB «3a noMOim»», — ima^e, 
vb^h, euj caMOMj npHnuiocB 6u BunoiHflTb bck) axy pa6oTy. «Ho 
Ha 64^7 saCpeBime eMy b^l roiOBy HorapiycH, — roBopHrb r. 0. — 
HHBacb He xorkiH yxoAHTb orryAa, h bto ciajio ohbtb noirhxofi*. 

Mu HaqaAH AOKasuBaTb eMy, qro bi AtAt ynpnnACHiH Horapiycbi He 
HyBCHbi. Ctbaii cepAHTbCB sa Haiuy ^cMtAOCTb**, HaKOHem>, «iTo6bi AOKasaib 
npaBory CBoero MHtHifl, A0CTaAi> saKOHi 9 H05i6p$i, mu BfainyjiH nocAtAOBBBinie 
lUipKy^iBpu icb TOMy saKOHy h pacnoAOBCHAHCb ^Hay^iaTb". AoJiro A. ne xorbAi* 

COSHaTbCB B-b CBOefl 0U]H6Kt; HaKOHeiTb CAaACH... XIOTOM-b, OCraBUIHCb CO MHOfl 

HaeAHHt, 0Hi> Cb yKopBSHoA CKa3aAi>: „AtA0 HOBoe, CAOHCHoe, HHrAi^ euie ne 
HaqHHaBineecfl h BApyn Haqa^o bi MoeM-b yqacrict"^ KaKi> 6bi roBopB sthmi: 
H xaKoft "leprb Bacb noceaHAii bi 9tomi> yqacrict Hapymaxb moA noKOft, 3a- 
ABBBTb MHt AHUiHiofo pa6oTy TOAbKO noTOMy, mo BaM-b Hevero A'bAarb. 

Kas'B 6bi to hh 6eijio, npHroBopu owh «npHHJii'B». Bi oahhi irb- 
cfli^'B r. 0. CB TOBapHiiJieirB, He CMOTpa Ha oCiflBAeHHyio hmh AemeBsy, sa- 
pa6oTajiH 6oj[bine 150 py6. Mosho 6ujio pa6oTaTB h AajiBine. cCtbjih 
mi, — paBCKasBiBaefTB r. 0., — pafioTaxB vh js^pyiowh cojii, ohatb na- 
jaAUOCB j^o. ^lann^xn^ Ha6paA0CB ohhtb 6oj[ie, i^wb naAo. 
Ho ASUiBme mbi pa6oTaTB ne MorjQ[H»... 

A. npHKaaaA-b crapocxt ne AOSBOABTb aaM-b npoAOAxcarb padory, nasuBasi 
Hacb ,;HeAeraAbHfaiMH'* ABuaMH b, xotb cxoAi ,,jieraAH3HpoBaA'b'' aacb, nocra- 
HOBBB'b npBroBOpi, K0HMi> nopyqaeTii npoBecm a^ao yKptojieaiB seMAB 

UMeHHO HAMl, Mbl TtMl He Meflte, BHAB npBAHpKH SeMCKBrO HaqaAbBBKB, pt- 

ihhah, hto Aynme y6paTbCB no Ao6poA BOAt Hs-b ero yqacnca, TaKi> Kaxi 
AtAO HamflXb BsaBMHuxi CHMnaiift mofao oepeflTB na H3Aio6AeHHyio hmi> ooah- 
THqecKyio no4By. 

Bi yqacTKarB jt^yvwrh seHCBHrB Ha^aJBHHEOB'B yse ji^Mctbo- 
BaiH cejiBGKie HHcapfl... cHaMi* HHqero ne ocTanajiocB GojAe, — ro- 
BopHTB r. 0., — KaKi HCKaiB nocTOHHHHx^ BaHaxiJB. ToBapHmTE^ no- 
txajTB Ha poAHHy vh Kypcsyio ry6epHiH), a a nocTynHJTB Ha seMCKyn 
cjiya6y>... 

J[]d6oiihtho, ?to Ha iiyxH ysasa 9 H0fl6pfl osasajiacB b^ AaHHOirB 
cjcy^al «noj[HXHKa» *). Ho wxaxejiH axoMy, BtpoaxHO, He yAHSflxcfl. 

♦) He AHmHe Cy^erB npH6aBHTb, iro r. 0. coctohtb KoppecnoBAOHTOifB 



HA OqiFBAHUH T£M£I. 155 

«noju[THRa» vh Hame Bpeicfl cjiysHrb ua pasHUX'B ii[iie]t| — aia 
noAAepsaHifl Ha^ajK&CTBeHHaro aBTopHrexa, ajls jAOBJieTBopeHifl sajti- 
laro caH0JUD6ifl h ma cBejifiEia. ja^auTb c^ierovb. He Bcer^a, ko- 
He^HO, BTH ^acTHuji saAa'^H ooBnaAaioTB ci oGn^ei) it^x), vb ko« 

TOpot CTpeMETCfl IipaBHTeJIbCTBO. ^a H B006ll^ AtSOTByDIlUfl Vb Xn8HH 

cfljiu ^jHKipoHHpyn'rB He BcerAa npHMOiHHefiHO, h He pt^KH noaroMy 
paasHTOue qui pro quo, bi poj^i tojilko ^to HanH BHAiHHaro: anep- 
FH^Bifi a HesaiiiHHMuft arenrs npaBHxejiBCTBeHHot noaHTHKH npe- 
cj^AyoTca arenraMH Toro ace npaBHTejibCTBa. KaRi xu yBHAHirb, 
SH8Hb pasurpHBaerB noA^acB h ho Tasia en^e myxKH. 

Ho 9TH ciy^afiHBiH yRjEoneHifl He HSirtHHDrB, Koneuo^ o6n^aro 
HanpaBjieHiH, b'b soTopoifb A'^flcTByerb TorB hih hhoA ^asropi. 
HaAO CKasaxB, tto h bi a^hhomi cjiynai uoposi 6£ijrB b'l kohi^ 
ROHiiOB'B HaKa3aHi»: r. J[., He cyirbBmifi, RasB GjApjerb, pas'LJicHHTb 
yKas'B 9 H0H6pfl h npoHBHBmift MeAieHHocTb npn npoBeAeHlH ero vb 
SHBHb, nojiyuji'B— KaKib cjiumaji'B r. 0. — «cTporifi BBiroBopi>. Boo6n;e 
se, Au MHoro^HCJipHHaro pn^a jehi^b ysaanb 9 H0fl6pH hbhicji hctoh- 
HHROMii He TOibKO AOGTyHHaTO, HO H BCH^ecRH HOOHipflexaro sapa- 
6oTRa. «M'bcTHue a6jiasaT£[ (soJiocTHbie h cejibCKie HHcapa, nMCLMo- 
BOAHxejib seMCKaro HaqasbHHKa h t. a.)> — HHnreTB, HanpHirlpi, 
r. Mansejiefi hs'b XapbsoBCKofi ry6., — npeABRymajiH BnepeA'B bbitoau, 
RaRiH ohh H8BJieRyTB Hsi RapManoB'b npocHTejieft, h Ha^o OTxaib noi- 
Bfkimjjo cnpaBeAJiHBOcTb etb AaJibH08opROCTH». Gyxa no Tony, hto 
TO »ce caHoe OTirbqaiorB mtorie Apyrie RoppecnoHAeHTU, nyacHO AynaTb, 

^TO B08M0SH0CTb «R0pMHTbCH» OROJIO yRaSa 9 H0H6pH HBUeTCH A^BRO 

He HocjiiAHeM vh pflAy chji'l, rotopumh oh'b hphboahtch B'b A:bScTBie. 

SI ocraHOBHicH na coo6nieHiH r. 0. MesAy npo^rajrb noTOiiy, qro 
nonyTHo oHb oTM'JkqaeTb h en^e oaho HHTepecHoe HBienie: seian- 
niHxx yRpinHTbca, no ero caoBairb, «6oiie, qiirb naAO*. Ero coo6- 
menie ornortHTCH r'b toA MicTHOCTH, Tpjb yRasi 9 H0ii6pH cpasy no- 
jyqHJi'b mnpoROe npHirbHenie: HaH6oj[bniee tocjio «bua^obi» vh 
1907 roAy A^JiH, RaRi nsBtcTHO, XepcoHCRaH, ERaxepHHocjiaBCRafl^ 
TaBpH^ecRafl h Ta qacTb Beccapa6cRofi ry6epHiH, Tjijb coxpannjiEocB 
o6niHHHoe BjaA:bHie. Ho cjiyxairb, b'b nHHiuiHeirB roAy aobojibho 
mepoRoe pacnpocTpaHeHie «yRpinjieHiH» nojiy^HiH bi HbRoropuxrb 
HS'B noBOJiHCCRHTB ry6epHii. Bosmosho, ?to h ntROTopbiH APynn 
ry6epHiH enxe saflBHTB cefin rbifB ace. 

EcTecTBeHHo, BOBHHRaerB BonpocB: mosho jih sto HBaenie o6^bHC- 



OABOfl H87* M'^^CTHUX'b TaseT'Bf a HS'B npHBeA6HHUXl» MHOX) BUJlfipxeK'b HHTa- 
TeJIH MOrJIH saMtTHTb, 1T0 OH'B, HeCOMHtHHO, 06jiaAa6rB 06jIHHHTeJII»HI)IM'B 
^^apOM'B. B'bpOATHO, 8T0 0($CTOflTeJIBCTBO flBJMeTCfl OAHOD H8B UpHHHHB, TflFOTt* 

Dn^HXB Ha neiTB noAoap'^Hifi B'B Kpauoji-B. Xota TenepB ohb h nocrynHJi'B 
na seHCKyx) cjiy»6y, ho pea6HJiHTHpoBaHHBiMB ce6fl, noBH;^Moii7, He chh* 
TaoTB H Jian CHomeHifl AaeTB KOHcnnpaTHBHUft aApecB: TaRHMB nyreirB 
— noHCHflerb oh'b — <h 6ojrbe rapaHTHpoBaH'B b'b HcnpaBHOMB nojiyHeHiH 
CBOHX'B HRceM'B H raseTB, HeaseAH nepes'B cejiBCKiH hohtu*. 



156 A. HUmOHOBl. 

HHTB rbuE ^asTopaMH, KOTopuTB MHOH) jse ynoMfflyro, t. e. ura- 

HOD SaHHTepeCOBaHHOCTBD OT^^&HUrB KpeCTBHHl, JCHJieHHHirB co- 

AificTBieiTB a^VHEHCTpai^iH H mnpoRofl nponaraHxot <j[]D6HTejiei»? 
Jlfi hbfIctho* CTeneHH, Aa. HejiBsa ynycKaiB hbi BH;^y, qxo bkoho- 
MH^ecKoe nojioseHie KpecTBAH'B vh rbrB ry6epHUix%, bi soiopBirB ffifi- 
cTBle ysasa 9 HOflSpa csadajiocB cb oco6ofi CHioi, npeACTasiflerca 
oco6eHHo o6ocTpeHHUMi, a coujiajiBHoe cocTOflHle, 6eitb MoaserB, 
6oiibe, ^iTB vh AipjTETb ry6epHiflX'B, AH$$epeHipqpoBaflH£iM'B. Hirb 
HH^ero MyApenaro noaxoMy, ?to bi 8thx% MtcTHOCTjirB osasaiocB 
MHoro specTBflFB, soTopuMi He ocTaexcfl ;Q)yroro HcxoAa, sas'B npo- 
AaTB CBOK) seMjiK), H HauiJiocB He MajKO oxoTHHKOB'B, KOTopue HirlDrB 

B08H0SH0CTB SyilHTB 66. HirbK>TCH XaSSe CBi;d^HiH, TTO Vb 8XHrB 

ry6epHiHXB, OKasaBmHXCfl bt» cBoe Bpeiui HaH6ojrbe 6e8noKofiHHMH, 
awHHHcxpadH npoHBHJia ocouyn anepriE) so qacxH Haj^bJiBHaro 
sexjKeycxpoicxBa. HaKonei^ snojiFb bosmosho^ hxo n <iK>6Hxeiefi» 
BAicB ORasajiocB 6ojiie, tIm'b rA'b-JiiH6o: enie Fji. H. YcneHCBiS 
nopasajicH ofinjdeM'B na v)rb «hcxp66ob'b>, KaEi oh'b ext> HaBfiiBan. 
Ho H sa Btbwb liwb wb HBJieHiH, o soxopoirB naiTB nanoHHU'B 
r. 0.^ ecxB Koe-qxo HencHoe. IIoAyuaSxe wb caMoiTB KbA: sairB 
xoiBso yenaio cejio, ?yxB ne b(A 6pochihcb saoHciiBaxBCH. H mh 
snaeiTB, ^xo ffiflcxBHxejiBHo i^ukh ceiaMH yicp'biiJuuH h yspi^HJUDTT^ 
seMjnD Bi UHHyn co6cXBeHHOcxB. HeyseiH bc^mi hjih anaqaxeiB- 

HOEy fiOJTBHIHHCXBy 8X0 BIITOAHO? 

HJiROXOpBie H8rb MOHX'B KOppeCHOHAeHXOB'B OCXaHaBIABaiOXGfl Ha 

dxoiTB HBJieHiH H yRaBBiBa]Dxn& enie oahhb ^asxepi^, soxopuS vh Aa&- 
HDiTB cjiyqai, no hxb MHteiio, j^cxBOBaJi'B. «BoiBmHHCXBO,— roBO- 
pHXT», HanpHirbpi, KoppecnoHAenxi npo c. Kobhth BaiKOBCs. y., r^t 

Hd'B 800 AOMOXOBHeS^ yRpiOHIH BeMJm OKOIO 120,— EaK'B 8X0 Ha6- 

jiK)AaexcH npH bchromi MaionoHflXHoirB noBOBBexeniH, npocxo-na^ 
npocxo nomiH no npeirlpy ApyrHxi. 

Ceoe nepBoe nHCbMO,-~nHmeTi> yme ynoMsiHyTbifl Buiue r. MeueitbOKii,---fl 
aaKOH^iHA-b AoraAKOft, qro yKptimedieM-b scmjih bii <iacTHyio co6cTBeHRocTb iiho- 
rie KpecTbHHe (XepcoHCK. ry6.) yBAeKai0TC5i> xaki hobhhkoH. Bi nacTosimee speif « 
MOfl Aorajuca Ha<iHHaeTB npHHHMarb peaABHyio noAKJiaAKy. IIpHUiAocb HeAaBHo 
paaroBopHTbCfl cb cexperapeMB seMAeycrpoHTeAbHOfl KOMHccin, ctopohmhroitb 
TenepeuiHefl arpapeofl noAHTRKu. H botb obb coodiiiHAi> lot hah, etprbe, 
nporoBopHACsi, (ito bi KOMHcciio npHxoARTB BfaiAtAHBUiiecsi 3a paaiflCHeiflflifH: 

^KOFAa MU BfafAtA5IAHCb—AyMaAH, HTO HOCAt BUAtAa HaMB SCMAH npHOaBfTTb*': 

Apyrie neAoyMtBaiOTB: „3aqtifB mu BUAtAHAHCb"... HHTepeccHB <|)aKrb— npH- 
6aBASierb KoppecnoHAeHTB, — kofaa oahhi 6oraTtfttaifl KpecTbnHHBB, CKynaH 
yKptiuieBHbie yqacTKH aeuAH, cawh coBepmeHHO noKa h ne noirbiniAaerB o bu- 

AtAt... 

Hi^ROxopHe RoppecnoHAOHXH, xeiafl oxapaRxepHsoBaxB sBieHie, 
Tjsjk OHO HOAy^HAO MaccoBBifi xapaRxopib, Ha3BiBaK)xib ero «rop£^ROtt» 
HiH «8nHAeMiefl>. TaRHMi oGpasoMii^ ecAH oo[he xan^yxi, noxoMy tto 
8X0 HifB HysHo HJIH BBiro^HO, xo ffpyxie B'B cHJiy BCHRHxi HOAopasy- 
Mimfi H HHOFAa npocxo ji^ah xoro, ^xo6bi ne oxcxaxB ovh jijfjrEXh. 



HA O^KFSffHHfl TJBHtt. 157 

^BHSseHle no^^acB saxBaTUBaerb jiaaRe vbvb^ rotopbimi» ysptn- 
.leHie BeiUH npjnfo ne butoaho. M. P. IIoiiob'b wh cbobm'b coo6- 
meHiH (H8i PocTOBCBaro ybsxa, JIIohckoS o6iacTH) nepe^aerB Tanofi 
^asTb: 

CnpainRBaio Kaxi to anaKOMaro KpecTbsiHHHa» Ksach y HHx-b ptmHAH na 
cxo^ o BUjiiMit Hs-b o6mHHfai?— .Aa sanHCUBaioTCsi, qe^oBtK-b 160 3anHca;iocb. 
3anHcaJic5i h si 6ujio CHa^ajia, ho noTOMi> noTpe6oBajii, ^tto6hi BbiqepKHyjin 
Mens. HecnpaBCAAHBoe sto At/io, xax'b noroM-b to OKasuBaercfl. H, nanpHMtp'b, 
cb omoMii njiaTHJiH sa ABa HBAtJia. rioroifb orem* noiiepi, sr noAbayiocb oaehmi 
Bajrbjioii'b, sa oahhi> h njiaqy. Ho y mcbsi ecTb MaAOAtTHie 6paTbfl» uwh aeum 
noxa BtT-b, HO KOFAa OHH npnayrb bi> coBepiueHHOJitTie rmi Toxce no crapoMy 
aaxouy aoa)khu ABTb seujivi. Tenepb BuxoAnrb no noaoMy saKOHy hmi scmah 
Htrb H, sHa^Hrb, oTem Aapom* BunAaquBaA-b aa seiiAio. Ta^ xce lyn* npaBAa? 
3a vro Moft oreni nAaTRJii BUKyni? BuxoAHTb HanpacHO owh njiaTRAi Buxyn- 
HUB, KOAH ero AtTsiMi He Aaiorb aeMAH. Tami n, Apyrofi, TpeTifl noAyMaAH— 

nOAyuaAH, Aa U ptUIHAH He BblAtASTb HHKOrO. Ha CXOAt 60AbIUHHCTB0 CKa- 

aaAo: hh vh KaKOMi> CAyqat He sKCAaeii-b BUAtAHT^ CrapHKH, Tax-b r^ eiue h 
Tax-b cKa3UBaK>Tb: BUAtAH HX-b, OHH nponbioTb seifAK), AA onHTb ixe Ha Haiuy 
mex) CBAyrb, HHrAt AtHyTCBl" 

Kpoirb HeAopaayirbHiS h OToyTCTsiH AOCTaroHHott coBHaTeAbHocTH, 
vb Tyae cTopoHy TOAnaerB ntKOTopHX'B h or^aflnie: <xy»e ne fiy- 
AerB». HeiLSH ynycsaTB hbii BH^y, ^to h ncnxoAorH^ecau h bkohomh • 
nQvisL npeAHOCUAKH aaa aroro b'b HapoAHoS shbhh HirbioTCfl. Mnorie 
KoppecnoHAeHTBi ysAe^eme yKasoM'B 9 H0H6pflCTaBHrB B'&HenocpeACTBeH- 
nyn CBHSb cb paso^apoBanijufn b^ nai^esAarB piniHTB seMeABHufi 
Bonpoci jtpyrHMH cpeACTaBaMH, a BM^crb cb rbiTB h cb HeBOBMOSHOCTBX) 
cyn^ecTBOBaTB AC^JtBnie apn HHfiimHHXB ycAOBLirB. H. ^< KpaeBCKifi 
B'B CBoeiTB cootin^eniH (hbi KpacHHHCKaro y. GMOAencEofi ry6.), ace- 
Aaa AaTB ofiniyK) xapasTepHCTHKy ysptiuuiiDn^HMCHy roBopHTT», mto 

«9T0 BCe, SaKIi B^CB RTb dOBJTb, puCKOSUe AK)AH». IIpH dTOMl OHl 

HacTofi^HBO noBTopaerBi ?to ABHacenie k'b yKpinAeaiio seMAH <Ha?a- 
AOCB AHioB Tor^a, sor^a Bct flaAesAU Ha yBBAHqeme seicAeBAaAtHiH 
sa c^erB jipjiEVb BAaccoBi 6eiah noTepflHBi». 

TaKHiTB o6pa80]rb MHOrie KpecTB^ne, uoBHAHHOMy, 6pocHAHCB 
B'B ABepB, OTKpuTyx) ysasoM'B 9 H0H6pH, TOABKO noTOMy, mx> 
B&b Apyi^ oiLasaAHCB BanepTBQCH. JIk)6oiihtho, ?to B'B 8Ty js^ueph 
HHOrAa nBiTaDTCfl npoCpaTBca xase rb, AJur soTopurB ona co- 
sepmeHHO He npeAnasHa^eHa. ArpoHOM'B $. A. CeB'B bi cBoeiTB 
cooCnteHiH (hb-b BysyAyKCitaro y. CaMapcBO* rydepHin) ynoMHHaerB 
cAy^a^TB; KOFAa sa ysaB'B 9 H0H6pfl upoCosaAH yxBaTHTBCH 

CTOpOHHHKH nepOA^Aa. «IIapTiH, OCTaBmaflCH B'B MeHBinHHCTB'b, — 

roBopHTB OH'B, — ^yBCTsyfl ce6fl HecnpaBeAiHBo o6AibAeHHofi, no- 
AaerB aaaBieHie o cboom'b seAaniH yKpinHTB nd^^hEjio seiiAD 
B'B coficTBeHHOCTB, opH ycAOBlH HOBaTO HepeA^Jia, COOTBilTCTByiDn^arO 
en HHTepecairB; npH btoitb ona HaA^erca noAy^HTB seMAX) it-hAB- 

HUITB KyCROlf'B)^. IIOBHABMOMy, B'B AdHHOM'B CAy^at y CTOpOHHHKOB'B 

nepeAi^i^ofi ^opMu HporAHAHBaerB nm^ a^eAanie npn noMonm 



158 A. n^nnxoHOBi. 

jRasa 9 H0fl6pji Ran 611I o6oco6HTBGfl. Ho «TaR'B sas'L, — npo- 
AOJisaeTB r. CeBi,— ^fl nepex'bJia He Bcer^a Hirberofl sasoHHoe 
ocHOBame, to KpecTBflHe arofi napriH, se 6yA7^H ofiHaAeseHU seMcuirb 
HaqajDEbHHKOirB, HeMeAJneHHO 6efjrb cboh saaBjieHifl o6paTHo». 
C'B ^asTOiTB TaRoro se po^a h, noiKaiyft, en^e 6ojrbe JiDdonuT- 

BSiWb, MHi npHOIJIOCb RaiCB-TO JIH^HO CTOJIRHTT&Cfl B'b OAHJ H81 CBO- 
HTB noiSAORl. 

Bt* ^espajA irbcjoiit sl "bxajTB hbi CanapBi vh CapaxoBTi. Bi 

OAHOITB BarOHi CO MHOD txaJTB JXe HeMOlOAOlt qeJIOB^El Vb 

AJiHHHonojiofl o^enj^, cl 6j[arootipa8HU]rB AEnpwb, ci BOJiocaHH, 

nOACTpUSeHEHMH Vh CRO6R7, C'B THXOfi, lUaBHOfi H ffbCROJEBRO 

ntsyqefi ptibD. IIo bejsj owb o^ohb hoxoahji'b Ha CRpoMHaro 
ceJiBCRaro nonHRa. Ilocjrb IleHSBi mu cb hhm'b ORasajiHCB fb oahomii 
Rjne H pasroBopHJTHCB. ORasajocB, mro aro RpecTBAHHffB hvb 
HoBoysBHCRaro yisAa, B08Bpaii^aH)n^iflcfl iilbt> CaMapu r'b 066*6 b'b 
AopeBHiD. 

— Hy, ^rro,— cnpanrHBaro,- RaR-B y BacB aeiueycTpoHTejiBHUii 
ROMMHCcui ;](itcTByerB? 

— ^a qTO...— HOOXOTHO RaR'B-TO OTB*THjrB OFB.— ECTB H y HBCB 
8T0, TOJiRy-TO TOJIBRO MaJIO... Ho BlIXOAHrB y HHX'B BTO JSJblLO... 

— Hy, a yRaa-B 9 HOHfipa? YRpiiiJuuDrB naj^iiH? 

— 3tp ecTB, — HhcROJiBRo oasHBHJEca offB, — BojiBmaa cnyra 
HABTB... BoTB H H no BTOMy caMOMy ;^4jiy b-b CaMapy te^HJTB... 

— A qro? 

— Jifi Ha 0Tpy6a naniH nysHRH Ba^yMajiH nepexoxHTB... JI,a 

paBBt BO8HOSHO BTO? MUCJIHMO JIH TaROB JiijLO CO CCOpOft Ha^HHaTB? 

YTBTb ecuH pacxo^HTBCJir, TO Ha^o no-xopomoMy... H to BSflTB: rbri 
SHTB-TO na orpyfiaxB? TenepB mu coo6n^a n mRoiy, h uepROBB, h 
MOCTTb onpaBjaeM-B... A Tor^a RaRi?... 

OaHHMI CJIOBOITB, 06n^HHHR'B ORaBaiCfl Ha piAKOCTB. BCTptTHTB 

TaROBoro B'B jiHi^ RpecTBHHHHa, cosepmaioHiaro cboh a^obeu no- 
■bsARH BO 2-MB Rjiacci, 6HJE0 no MBHBmefi Mipl CTpaHHO. Ho xap- 

^HR'B OqOHB npOCTO OTRpBLSCH. EpOMl H'bCROJIBRHX'B CBOHX'B HaA^- 
JIOFB MOft C06eciAHHR'B, RaR^ ORaSaJIOCB, AOPSHTB Vh apeHAi ^TO-TO 

oROio A^CHTRa, * Aase 6ojrle, ^ysHXi^. nepeAbjrB B'B ceit 6bu'b 
8 jrbTB TOMy nasaA'B, seMJiH 6usa noA&ieHa na 12 Avb. H bot-b 
H^ROTopiiie RpecTBHHe TOTAa se cabjih eMy cboh) bomjiid 8a njiary 
B'B 30 py6. sa nsfijbjn, (a naA^JiBi TaMi CoiBnrie) sa Bce speMH. 
KpoMi Toro, OH'B se aojisch'b 6ujn> njiaTHTb noAaTH. Me3ii;Ay i^M'b 
BURynnue njaTOSH 6ujib otmIhohh, h bto o6cTOflTeJ[BCTBO> sacTa- 
BHJio, noBHAHMOMy, BjraA^JibiteB^ cAaHHOft bomjih Ao6HBaTBCfl BOBBpa- 
H^eHiH en paHBme cpoRa. KpoM'b xoro h fb o6niecTBt hbhiocb se- 
laHie nopaBHHTB scmjeh). SaAyMajiH nepeAbjrB, ho npiixai'B soMCRiS 
Haqa.iBHHR'B h CRasaji'B, qxo axo HHRaR'B ne bosmosho. Bot7» ohh h 
yAyMajiH: na oxpySal 

— ^a fl 6u HM^ H Tas'B 8eMjiK)-To OTAan.,. CsasH toabro sd- 



BpeMfl. A TO vb^b HirB... AoanaiHCb, Korxa a Ha nee Hspacxoxo- 
Baicii... 135 j^ecflTBHi 7 MeHH BcnaxaHo, htoGu nmeHHi^r BecHoio 
cbflTb, Ha JjjifA ROHei^ 8To 10 pj6. Ha AecATHHy ctohtb. A ohh: 
Ha 0Tpy6a... Snan a: dio Boe ciapocTa hxi noACHBaen. jl^aBHO jvh 
OH'L HX'B KjTHrB. 7 Hcro HO Ho^aiTB Bce cotinpaiHCb, H npHroBop'b 
HOViK) oocTaBHiH, a yrpoiTb Hapo^iHior& vb seMcuoMy. Topb hm'b h 
yxBepxHJTB cpaay... B'l aBrycrh h Bcnaxajrb aeiuuo, a wb GeHTH6pi 
ohh 0Tpy6a nap^saiH. Ilpaiio, mosho cKaaaTB, orpa6Hj[H... 

— Hy savB se ohh?— saHHrepecoBaica a: — seueirlpa sBain? 

— Ha ^TO EWh soMJieHlpi?! Caiui cb soahmh xoxHjm, iiipHJiH.... 
%HB0 o6oniJUi... jll^a H TO cRasaxb, — saKOH^Hji'B ohb onuTb thxhitb h 
KaRik 6yAT0 ynaBmuM'B roiocoM'b,— B4bjp» na foa'b tojibko ffkiHin-To... 

— KaE-B Ha roAi? 

— Aa TaRiI noTom, roBopflTi» MoacerB, onaTb na cTapoe no- 

BepHOlTL... 

— BoTB fl H 'bsAHjTB TeHopb K% lySepHaTopy, — npoAOisajrB not 
co6ectAHHK'b. — Orpa6HXH, roBopD, Bame npeBOcxoAHTejn»cTBo... Oqenb 
BHHMaTejBHO BBicjiymajTb, ofiiqajb cAiJiaTb Bce BosMosHoe. Toibko^ 
roBopHTi, ptmenie yxe vb cHJiy bohuo, vb cenarL Tenep& nncaTb 
TpefiyeTca... 

SL He 8HaK)y yAaiocb mm caMapcKoS aAMHHHCTpai^iH AaTB b'b btoitb 
ciy^ai saAHlS xoffB oeiueycrpotcTBy*, curpaBmeMy^ o^obhaho, co- 
BctiTB He Ty pojiB, Ha KaRyi) pac^BTUBajio npaBHTCJiBCTBO. Knre- 

peCHO, OAHaSO, OTirbTHTB BOTB qTO. B'L OnyClHKOBaHHOMX HOAaBHO 

niani 3ei[j[eycTpoHTeja»HHxi» pa6orBy EasiH npeAnoj[0»eHO BUHOJiHHTb. 
BT* HacTOHni;eM'B roAy, Mei^ npo^HHi, vb OTAljrb o naAixBHoiTB 
seMJieycTpotcTBt, roBopHTcn: 

CoBepuieBHO oco6oe ncioweHie saRHMaerb CaMapcKaii ry6epHisi, xoTopasi 
CTOHrb Ha nepeoMi) irkcrb no njiomaAH, HautqeHHOfl ki o6pa30BaHiK) xyropoBi, 
a HueBHo 177.258 jnec. hjih 22^0 o6mefl luomaAH. Hsi sTofl luiomaAH 6oAte 
154 Tuc5i<n» AecsmiHii npRxoAHTca na oabhi* HoBoyaeHCKifi ytsAi*. bi Koropoifb 
16 cejibCKHTB o6mecTBi, cb 7,373 ABopaiiH, sasBiuiH xoAaTaflCTBO o nepezoAt 
Ha zyropcKie yMacncH *). 

HoBoysencRit yisA'B,— 8to totb, cb RpecTBHHHHOirB Roroparo mhI 
npHQiAOCB BCTptTHTbCH. Bi ^Hcxb 16 o6niHHB, HdiHBHBmHXB seiamo 
nepetTH na xyTopa, 6bitb MoacerB, saRiiD^aeTCH h to ceio^ npo ro- 
Topoe OH'L pascRaauBajTB (SnaiieHRa— ecjH ne HsirtHHeTi mhA 
naicflTB)... Bo bchroitb cayqai, h c^HTajn ne jiHniHHirB b'b pHAy AP7- 
FHX'B onrbTHTB H BTOTTB ciy^afi. 

Ob pa3HUX% CTOpOH'B ABOTCfl BOAa Ha npaBHTeJIBCTBeHHyiD mbib- 
HBIQr... 

HHTareiH snaDrB, tto h orpaHH^HJi'B vb HacTOHO^ifl pasi cboh) 
saAa^y. H oTBrlTHJTB jiHmb rb ^axTopu, ROTopue coA^ftcTByDrB npo- 

*) „HoBoe BpeMfl*, 10 iK>jui. 



Tf^ 



160 A. n^QlEXOHOfi'L. 

BeAeHiH) jKOda d H0fl6pfl. CaMo co6ofi noHaTHO, owaso, hto aiH fle 

O^HH Jl^GTBJJOrb Vb XHSHH. EciH KHOTO HM'beTCJl IHIfl, KOTOpHlTB 

BuroAHo jEptnjieHie Ha^^ijiEbHott sbmu, to en^e 6o3bmQ TararB, koto^ 
pHMi* OHO upflMo yduTO^HO Ha paxy cb pasposHeHHUKH jis^hbimh 
HHxepecaMH jijiliOTBj&rb h cnjioqeHHUtt HHTepecb otin^ecTBeHHid. 
MHoscecTBy BCA^iecKHZ'B HeAopasyM'bHit bo mhofhtb MtcTarB npoTB- 
BocTOHTb AOBOJiLHO oiipeA'l^JieHHaji GOSHaTejDbHOGTb. 06iaee HaapaBie- 
Hie npouieccay a xasse ero coiuajibHue h xoaflficTB6HHue pesyjiBTaTU 
onpe/^JLflioTCfl ;[HmB, KaKi* htofb BctrB dTHTB, to BsaHMHo cnieraD- 
npxcH, TO ApyrB APFY npoTHBOffhflcTByjomHrB cHiTb. Ho, sas'B yae 
cKadaHO, H c^HTaD 8a jy^mee H-bcKOjiBRO o6oasAaTB cb BUBOAaMH Ha 
8T0TB cqoT^. H CBOH) cTaTBK) saEOHqy HOBofi HpocbGofl k:b ui^airB, 
KOTopHfi MHi^ yse ofitmajiH nncaTB, h KoropuH Boofime pacHOiaraDTB 
cooTBiTCTByson^HM'B vaTepiaAOifB, ho OTsasaTB b% j^ajiBH'bfimHrB cbohtb 
cooSn^eHlflX'B. HuHtmHHH'B ji'bTou'B, RaK'B MHorie npoAHOJiaraDrB, 
AtficTBie yRasa 9 HOflfipn j^oasho yse AOCTaTo^HO onpeAiiHTBCff. 
MeasAT 'r^M'L rasexHEiA cBlA^HiH o toitb, hto tbophtch wb CBJidH ci 
HHMi B^AopeBHi, sa nocAiAHee speMH cxaiu en^e 60^*^6 cKyAHBiMH, 
^^H'B Asuse 6UJIH paHBine. 

s -- A. ntuuexoNOBi>« 



XpoHHKa BHyipeHHefl mchshh. 

1. OxoHqaHie AyMCKOfl cecciH.— OnrHMUcrnmecKie BTorH.— Kouy h Htuy AyMa 

3 iioHfl noMoraerb?— 2. Ayua h eeoT/iOHCfiyii pe<|>opMiii.— PuKOBCKaii Karacrpoclw.'^ 

ripoueccu pocdftcKHxi caHTa(t)eAHTOBi>.— BtayAepxcHufl onnufHsirb. 

...cBaacH'ibfimefi- ecjiH ne eAHHCTBeHHOfi— sacjtyroft TpeTbefi Aynu 
jiBJOifleTcxi yKp'bnjieHie HAen napoAHaro npeACTaBHxejEBCTBa. Kanott 6u 
I^HOfi, HeBOBMOSHOS AJLB AeMORpaTiiqecKHX'B AOHyTaTOBl HepBaFO H 

BToporo codUBa, JlyMa 3 1h)hh he RyoHJia npano Ha cyn^ecTBOBaHie, 
BO Bc^KOifB cjiyqat caMBiiTB ^aKToiTB CBoero cyn^ecTBOBaHiH. sasABurB 
HOBuifB AHeM'B ero ^7^^ ^^^ 6ojLie h 6ojrbe BpocTaerB, Tas'B csa- 
eaTB, wh rocyAapcTBeHHHft cipofi, cTanoBHTca ero opraHHTOCEOK) co- 
cTaBHOB) qacTBK)»... Tas'B BHCKaasiBajracB «PiqB», hoaboa^ htofh 
AyMCRoS pa6oT£[ npnfijiHdHTejiBHO sa HeA^AK) ao ysasa 28 udha 
«nepepjJBt sanaTifi* (cm. M «PtqH>, 20 iDHa). icBnepBue AMpyc- 
CKaro napjiaMeHTa OTspuxacB bobmohshoctb peaiiBHoM pa6oT£i, BnepBue 
jQl^yMa noqyBCTBOBajia noA^ cbohmh HoraHn TBepAyK) saKOHOAaTejiBHyiD 
no^sy... Bthbcb Ha^aBniHMCH ABHscemeH'B saxoHOAaTexBCTBa pyccsifl 
napjaMOHTi yTBepAHJi'B ce6fl bi* HacTOfln^eM'B h no^cTBOBajrB CBoe 
6jAjmjde, 9to yrBepsA^o neBtcoMoe, ho HCHoe, ne npoAyiiHpyK)n{ee 
HMHt, HO cnocoSnoe bt* rpaAy^eM'B npHHecTH HeHCTpe6HJiHe hjioah — 



tifOBntik BkytppuBft ntBui. 161 

jiBueTCfl riaBHUiTb h OHJiBHiiirB KOBBipeMi vb py&aTB nOIHTH^- 

CKHTB OnTHMHCTOB'b. nspAaMeHTl oGHapySHJTB B09II0SH0CTB, HeoGzO- 
XHMOCTB H HeHSfiiaHOCTb CBOerO CynieCTBOBaHLfl, OHI nyCTHJ'B ROpHH 
He TOJtbKO Vb pyCGKOlfB nOUTHqeCKOlTB COSHaHitf, HO H B'B pyccKOft 

noraTH^ecKoH ffkHcTBHreibHOCTH*... Taix, noABO^a htofh 8-m*- 

CA^HUTB /ryMCKHTB pa6oi*B, nHCaXO cGJ[OBO», npH6jIHdHT61bH0, Hejl^JIK) 

cnycTfl aocrt ysasa o nepepuBi (c\t. >t 8 iiojifl). 

AyMa «KynHJia» ce6i cyn^ecTBOBame, — cpojiena fb 0TiiycK'B», a 
He pacnyn^raa... TaiOB^ «rjiaBHUfl KOSupB vh pysax'B nojiHTH^ecsHxii 

OHTHMHGTOB'bt. H, nOBHWMOMy, BOBUpB eAHHCTBeHHUfi, h6o XPF^Z^ 

OHTHMflCTU noiTH HO npe^iiABisDrB. npaB^a, AyMa «KOHTpaccHrHH- 
poBajia», no BBipaseniD «GjiOBa», 350 «MHHHCTepcRHrB npoA^ose- 
Hifi», HO dry «pa6oTy» €Cjiobo» fotobo npHanaTB ccKy^Hoft n HHqero 
He BHpasaK)niefi». A «P'bqB» «8aK0H0AaTejiBHue htoih cecciH pesD- 
MBpyexi TaR'B: hh oahofo o6ii^aro, he o;i;Horo HMiDn^aro npHHipE- 
niaiBHoe SHaqenie npoeRTa». Qpasj^a h to, qxo co cTopoHu ohth- 
MHCTOVB Ai^aiHCB HoniiTRfl npe^'BflBJUiTB H en^e Rofi-KaRle ROsupH. 
Hesjij npo^HiTB, A^amcB hoiibitrh HcrojROBaTB bi AOMORpaTH^e- 
cROiTB cMucjrb npoBexeHHyv neofiHRHOBeHHo 6HCTpo^ wh canoiTB rohii:^ 
eecciH saiilHy AecHTHpy6jieBofi cyro^HoS flidthi AeuyraTOFB (tojibro aa 
BpeHH cecciii) roxHqHUM'B saxoBaHBeM'B B'B pasMipi 4200 p., i#Dpiae- 
msjtb eseiiicaqHo RavB bo Bpeiifl cecciik, TaR'B h bo Bpeiui RaHHRyjTB 
Ohthmhctu uuTaiHCB 6ujio no aroxy noBo^y HanoMHHTB, crojeb i^eiiy- 
TaTCRaH j^vr3. BOo6nie cooTvbTCTByerB HHiepecaMii AeMORpaTin, a 
no^eicy naAO, ctoh na AeMORpainqecRot toirI spiniH, pa^oBaTBCH... 
Ho TeopoTH^ecRie pasroBopBi o t^vtt jvh cjiRniRoirB njioxo cootb^t- 
GTBOBaiH SHTeficROfl fl Bciwb o^OBHAHOfi oScTaHOBR^, a y Aonyra- 
TOFB He HamiocB Aase BU^epsRH, qTo6H noBpoMeHHTb cb HasHa^e-' 
HieiTB ce6i saioBanbH xoth 6hao 15 ORTaSpn, RorAa Ha^neTCH noBan 
cecciH. 1200 py6. sajioBaHBH 8a 3S', HBiHimnHrB RaHHRyjuipHiiiz'B 
irboHi^a oRasaiHCB cHjcbHte qyecTBa HOJiOBRocTn. <Pe$opiia» 6ujia 
cniniHO npoBOAena. H RosupB ORasaJicH hbho nponrpunmott Rapioft, 
RaR'B, Hnpo^eMi, H niROTopue Apyrie ROSBtpu, na rotopbdcb wh pasHoe 

BpeMH H no paSHUM^ npHTOHaiTB COCpeAOTO^HBailOCB OIITHMUCTHqeCROe 

BHHManie. H B'B pyRaxi oniHiiflCTOBi Aocejrb ocTacTCH BaacH^flmHH'B 

H, nOBHAHMOMy, eAHHCTBeHHO HeCOXffbHHlIMl> A^ HUX^ ROBBipeXX 

caMHfi ^aRTB: ^7^^ cyn^ecTByerB, ne pasorHana h nocTaBHJia ce6H 
TavB, WTO «TenepB» en pocnycR'B npasHTeiBCTBOHx, no BUEpaseniio 
«Pbu», «HanoMHHajrB 6u Toro n^oApHHCRaro ropoAnnqaro, ROTopufi 
OBHaMenoBajTB cBoe BCTymeHie bo BiacTB, oeuithb'b HOAoyHiBaDnuarB 
rjnynoBi^eBii boaojk) H3% nosapnoS Tpy6u»... 

Ki BTOMy naBHOHy ROSBipio mu BCRop'b noAofiAeiTB 6jiHse. A noRa 
OGTaHOBHMCH Ha RapTaxx, TaR'B cRasaTB, CeBROBupnaro BHaqemH. 
tCEywa H HHHero ne BBipaaaerB* paSoTa JI^yMH, — roBopHTB «Cjiobo». 
Hnqero «o6n(aro, HM^Dn^aro npHHUiHrnaiBHoe 8HaqeHie» ^yHa He 
Aajia, — roBopHTB «PiqB>. Mnt RascercH, o6i raBeTii HorxH cRasaxB 

liOJIb. OlAtJI-b II 11 



162 A. OBTPHn^Bl. 

8T0, jtHoib ynycTHB'B Hsi) BH^y Koe-KaKie o6ii^eH8B'bcTHue (|»aKT(l. 
Ayua npHflfljia saKOHonpoes'TB 06^ y^pesj^emH 87 hobux'b cuicKHiirB 
OTA^JieHifi... 9Ty coBepiueHHO o^esHAHyiD noiioiD^B npasHrejiBCTBy vb 
ero 6opB6i c% nojiHTH^ecRHMH, rjiaBHUH'B odpasoM'B, BparaMH <Cjiobo» 
MOserB Haxoji;HTL cEyqHofi hjth Becejtofi. Ho e^sa jlu mo3kho CKa3aTb, 
HTO oHa «HHqero He sHpasaerb^ h «HHaaKoro o6maro, npHHi^nniaiB- 
Haro sHa^eHifl He HMterB». JIjuo, paspj^inHjia oqepeAHofi saeM'L b'b 
200 MHJUiioHOB'B, AyMa accHrHOBajia cpeAcxBa na npoj^ojiseHie ycH- 
jieHHUTB H qpesBfiiqaSHux'B oxpaH'B. Mosho 6£i HanoMHHTb MHoacecTBO 
;^py^H^B oficToaTejibCTB'B, no noBOAy KOTopHx-b ^yna Bupasajia Mopajib- 
Hoe co^yBCTBie h OKasuBaia MarepiajibHoe coAi^ficTBie npasHTeJibCTBy 
B'L ero 6opb6i npoTHBi^ HeoTJiosHux^ pe^opicb, oacH^aeMux'B cxpa- 
Hos). Ho aiH j^ificTBui Ayiiu fiojile hjih Henie ofimeHBB'bcTHu. H 
yBipaxb, 6yflTo OHa b'b HiKOTopoM'b pu^t HeBHHHfiii nojHTHqecKift 
MJiaffeHei^'B, Koero ^Hia «HH?ero ne BHpasaBOTB* h HHsaicoro 
€o6ni;aro npHHii;HQiaj[bHaro 3HaqeHLi» He HHtiorb, snaHHrB roBopHTb 
yacb cjiHmROH'B He 10, ^0 ecxb B'L i^'ibftciBHTejibHocTH. 

HosaJiyfi, uwb Moryrb nanoMHETb ne BucKasbiBaeMbiB, ho aoApa- 
ayM-bBaeMufi apryMeHn, 6jiiaroAapfl KoxopoHy 6j[aroAyniHHe ny6jiH- 
ii;hcth, bhahmo, hphblirjih ne spacHia HHcaxb cioBa nojiHTHqecKofi 

HeBHH^TH AP^ ^ iS)na. B'L CaMOM'L A^A% G'h JljUOH HJIH fied'B 

Hen, HO npaBHTejibCTBo Tasi se neyRioHHO hijio 6u k% cBoefi uji^E, 
KaKi OHO H^erb h lenepb. BosMoacHO, ito bte> OTA*JibHbcrb cjiyqanxi. 
noMomib fljmi Hir&dTb Koe-sasoe peajbHoe snaqenie. B'b qaciHocTH 
MOSHO cKasaTb, qTO, ne 6y;ib oAo6peH% nocjoitAHifi 200-MHJUiioHHHfi 
saeifb cHapoAHuuH npeACTaBHTejiHUH>, npaBHTCJibcxBo, HaBtpHoe, 
HCHHTajio 6u 6oJibnie BaTpyAHenifi h saiiJiaTHJEo 6u ;i;opo2Be. Ho vh 
oOn^eMX peajibHaH BeJinqHHa AyMCRott homohih ne ras'b yse nejiHsa. 
3to Bo-nepBbix^. A, so-BTopbix'b, OKasuBafl npaBHTejibciBy noiconoi B'b 
A^jrb 6opb6u ci neoTjioacHbiMH pe^opifaMH, ^yMa b^ cyn^HOCTH no- 
cujiaerb no^Kp'bnjieHifl na sB.B'ijiftMo 6e3HaAeaRHyH) hoshi^id. H bc^ 
8T0 noHHMaK)rb, qro nosHipfl eesHa^esHa. Besi^OHHoS 6oqKH ne na- 
nOJHHHTb, noBHipH npaBHiejbCTBa AyUCKHMH BOXaifH He yKptnHHib. 
CjrbAOBaTejibHo, npn oi^'ibHK'b o6n^aro nojosemfl cosHaxeJibHyio noMoni;b 
AyHcsaro 6ojB[bmHHCTBa mosho npocTO ne npHSHMaTb B'b pascqerb, 
sasii BejHqHHy, KOTopaa no MajiosnaqHTejibHOCTH CBoefi He HMterb oco- 
6eHHaro BHaqenin B'b KOHeqHOBfb nrori. 

OCTaBHM^ B'b CTOpOHt BOnpOCb, — MOHHO JIH cqHTaxb pojib ^yMH, 

Kas'b npaBHxejibcxBeHHofi noMoniHHi^u, MajtosHaqHxeibHofi; h eciH 
MoasHo, xo B'b saKOM'b HHeHHo CHucjii 8xa poJib MajiosnaqHxejibHa. 
Bo BCHKOifb cjiyqa'b, xojibRo npHSHaBaa, qxo HBHoe coAtficxBie Ajun 
«nojiHXHK'b ycnoKoeHiH» Majo sHaqHXb B'b o6ni;eM'b xojti co6HxiJl, 
MOSHO roBopnxb, 6yAxo «HHqero ne Bbipaaaexx^ ;i;tflxejibHOcxb xoro 
6oj[bniHHCXBa, soxopoe, noMHMO scero npoqaro, B'b o^ny hs'f secbMa 
saxpyAHHxejibHux'b ^i^jia Bjacxn ({^HHancoBbix'b MHHyi*b cKpioRJO $op- 
MajibHOK) caHKi^iefi Hapo^Haro npeAcxaBHxeJibCTBa npaBHiejibcxBeHflbifi 



XPOHflKl fiH7TPBHBEll flCHSHH. 103 

6K)AseT% H noAnflcajio oti* HHeHH Bcefi CTpasti saeiiHUfl o6fl8aTejii&- 
CTBa coB^Ta MHHHCTpoBi^. AprjMeHTB, ^0 AJMCKoe coAMcTBie pe* 
sHMy ^pesBuqafiHux'b h ycHJieHHux^ oxpaH'B He npHHeceirb 6ojiBinofi 
noMon^H npaBUTejiBCTsy, mo»ho, nosaayft, He BuciiadBiBaTb, a jihihb 
noApasyirlBaTB. Ho bto BOBce ne a^^ti npaBa h ocHOBamA 8a6H- 
BaTb caMuS ^aKPB coAtficTBifl. Mo»ho, noxajiyfi, AOKaBBisaTB, ^to 
MopajtbHoe K MaTepiajiBHoe coA'bfiCTBie peiSHMy ^pessu^atHux'B 
oxpaH'B H ecTB Ta HitHa, RaKOio ^yMa «KynHj[a npaeo Ha cyn^ecTBOBa* 
Hie». Ho cosepmeHHO eenoHflTHo, saKJiM'B ny^oM'B bi* onTHMHCiH^e- 
cKHrb rojiosax'B homo^b fiopuaifL, ono^iiEBrnHMca 3a cozpaHeHie hceoh- 
EUTb ycToesx, npeBpan^aeTca b'b «yRp'bnj[eHie haoh napoAHaro npeA- 
cxaBHTejiicTBa*. niyxiui/ qxo Jia, myxHTB r. CiojiHnHH'B, npHnxeAmift 
B'B pasApaseme Aame otb Toro, csopie Affn^OMaTa^ecKaro, vbwb 
cepbesnaro, HaHesa Ha «H0BbiS GTpofi», Kasofi co^epsajicH b'b a^ecl 
3 JijUEL? npocTOfi H H^MHtenHfi $aRrB,^o yKasa pocnycs^ noKa 
He nocjrbAOBajio, uoxiM noscajiyfi, HSJioa^HTB Heo6uRHOBeHHO Topase- 
cTBeHHHMH cJiOBauH: ^'AyMa «BpocTaerB B'b rocyAapcTBeHHuS cTpoft», 
npeACTaBHTeJiBHoe yMp^A^Hie «cTaH0BHTca opraHH^ecROK) cocTaBHOi) 
qacTbK)» rocyAapcTBeHHofi MamHHu h t. a. Hosajiyfi, a^a nepe^aHH 
Toro se $aRTa mosho nafiTH mrHib en^e 6ojite BbicoRiS. BojBocb, 
o^naRO, HTO 6yRBajibHoe noHuvaHie cjiobb, cBoficTBeHHUx'B BHCOROMy 
mTHJiK), cnoco6HO saBecTH cJiHniRoirB ^a^eRO bx cxopony iHcxiflmaro 
$aHxaa9poBaHLfl. 

B'B l^aMOMi rfurS^— nepBUfl ;^4 Jl,yMH ne «ppocxajiH», xpeiwi, 
BHAHxe Jte,^^(l^xaex^». HpuM'iHHxejibHO ri ^tftcxBHxeJibHpcxH exo, 
^nesRAy jqjiRHH'b, sHaqHrb! nepBUH jsfi'b JJjua HirbiH npaBo noiy^axb 
ftsAaHifl noMHMO ufiEdjpu, a nojib8yexcH jih bxhitb npa- 
TIjMa, — HeHSBicxHO. ^0 CHX^ nopi sarpaHHqHHa h8- 

9^Cfl HblHtniHefi JljMOJD XOJIbRO FB npOCMOXptHHOlfB H 

^acxd^^^^iy^AOBaHHOM'B ii;eH8ypoK) bha^ h noRa jthhib o6in^aHO npH- 
HflXb irbpu Ri ycxpaHemD axott «OGo6ofi hohxoboS i^enaypu*. TaRHM'B 
o6padOMi, ji^dJRe wh cmucjiI npocxofi ocBtAOMjeHHOGXH, no cROJiBRy 
BBxepecaHb nocjt'&AHeft cjiysHTb HHocxpaHHan.ne^axb, saROHOAaxejEb- 
Hoe de jare y^pesA^nie npHB^A^HO bb nojEHyx) saBHCHMOcxb oxb oa- 
Horo HS'B opraHOFB MHHHcxepcxBa BHyxpeHHHX'B AiJTt. y«o OAHa »xa 
AexajiB ^GBHAi^xejibcxBf^erB, RaRoit npoHH^eoRift gheigjii aaRJUBoqaexoH 
FB xopseoxBeHHOfl ^o^yjrb: Jl^yua BpocxaexB B'B roGyAapcxBeHHHfi 
cxpofi... BpoGxaexi B'B nojiflii;eflcRifi cxpofi^ ORpamnBaexcA hoa^ oahvb 
Ufi/ivh CO dctMH ApyxHMH yqpesAeHiflUH nojiHi^eficRaro rocyAapcxBa. 
noHHMaxB BpocxaHie HHa^e, B'B cmugji'& «yRp'&nj[eHifl HAelt napoAHaro 
npeAGxaBHxejiBcxBa», SHa^HJEo 6u nojiBSOBaxBCH ABycMucjBieHHHMH 060- 

pOXaHH pl^H A<SA SBEO HCGOOXB'bXGXByiDn^HX'B A'^^CXBHXeJIBHOCXH BH- 
BOAOBTi. 

KoH^Ho, i^eHsypHaH «HRpa» na BarpaHHqHurb H8AaHiAX'b, nojiyqae- 
MbDTb AyMOK), JiHnib A^xajb. OAHaRo,' ona BOBce ne oAHHcxBeHHas B'B 
CBoeMB poA^b. TaRHrB A^TaJiefi, noasajiyi, cjinmROM-b MHoro. npnnoicHHxe, 



164 A. inSTPHmBBl. 

Hanp., B'B KaRoiTB HanpasjieHlH paapimEjicfl BonpocB o npasi h86h- 
parejiefi o6pamaTbcfl R^ AenyTaTaicB go cbohm'b Ha&asaMs h aaflB- 
jieHiiiMH. CnopHufi bo speiieHa nepsolt h Bxopofi ^yHU, owb oroh* 
?aTeJu»H0 ptmen^B TenepB, n pimen^ coBepmeHHO bi jijxi xenapta- 
Menra nojiHiuH. Mjh BonoMHEre Apyrofi caopnufi BOIIpoc^, — o npasib 
j^enyraTOB'B 6ectj^0BaTB cb H86HpaTejiflHH. Bo BpeMena nepBoi liyMBi 
8T0 iipaBo ocymecTBJTHJiocB 6oJi^e hjih Hen^e abho. Bo BpeneHa bto- 
pofi, KOTopaa TaKt <o6eperajia» ce6a, oho ocymecTBJiaiiocB 6oii6 
HJIH uewbe TafiHO. Tenepb jsjbio nocxaBjieHO OTKpoBeHHo: i^enyTaTii 
npaBHTeJTbCTBeHHofi napTiH MoserB bccth cb HBCHpaieJiflMH paBTO- 
Bop'B, cooTBiiTCTByiDiiUfi BH^aiTB npaBHTOiBCTBa; AonyraTu ohhobhiph 
ocofiuMB nnpRyjtflpoM'B OTAanu no^i oco6uft noiHi^eficKifi Haj^aopi, 
HirtiDmit B^jihjD npeciftaTB caMOMariftmifl nonuTEH B'B pasBHTiD 
nepeA'B HacejiemeM'B onnoanuloHHoS to^bh spibHia. Ecih o6BHHHTeiB* 
Hufi cyAe6HHft npHroBopt aa 6ec*Ay ci nacriieHieiirB AenyraTy Ko- 
copoTOBy, ocHOBaHHBifi* Ha nojiHi^eflcROM'B oro^pt, onpoBeprHyroiTB 
Ha cyjDii noKasamaMH scixx CBHA^xejiefl (EpoMt noiHDLeflcEaro cipas- 
HBoa), SHauenyerB coBepmeHHyK) [oTKpoBeHHocTB npaBHieiBCTBa, to 
BoryH^b AyMu o6'b HCKis)?eHlH r. KocopoTOsa BupaasaerB BarjflAu 
jiyHCKaro 6ojiBmHHCTBa, — Toro caMaro Co^anmHCTBa, BOTopoe hh oa- 
Horo A^nyraTa onnosHiUH Bi TaB'B HasHBaenyK) komhccud rocy^ap- 
cTBeHHoS o6opoHH AonycTHTB He noseiaio. He^ero yAHBjuTBCH He- 
AaBHOHy ysasy cenaTa, aanpeTHBmeMy AonycsaTB Eas'B na rocy^ap- 
GTBeHHyD, xas^ h Ha o6niecTBeHHyK) cj[ys6y (no BuCopairB ABopan- 
cKniTh H aetfCKHXB coSpaniS h ropoACKHXi aJMb) ihi^b, o6HapysHB- 
niBTB HenpaBHTeji[BCTBeHH£ifi o6pa8'B MHCjiefi. dxo-jiHinb oahvb hb'b 
iiepBux'B maroBB, ^opuajiBHO aaBp'&uuiDniHXx eAHHOAyniie npaBEteiB- 
cTBa Cb AyucBHH'B 6oj[BmHHCTBOirB. H BB cHJiy BToro eAHHOAyniiH 
o^^o3H^ioHHue AenyraTu, BurbcnenHBie Go^ibhihhctbom'b hsi TasEX^ 
«ceKpeTHiix'B» MicrB, Basi ftOMHccia rocyAapcTBeHHofl ofiopoHu, 
cTaiH HMeHHo HOAHaASopHUHH HociTHTejiflHH TaBpH^ecKaTO ABopi^a. 
KaKB noieTHuiTB njitaHHsairB, hitb osasuBaioTCfl BH'bmHie BHaEE 

BHHHaHlH, BpeMfl OTh BpeMOHH HITB pasplmaDrB HOCtTHTB TO 06y- 

xoBCEifi saBOAB, TO HHUH AocTOHpHH^qaTeJiBHHfl ificTa. Ho 8T0, pasy- 
ifi^eTCH, HHCEOJiBEO HO MimaerB HirbTB ea sasABUfB noqeTHBorB 
HJitoHHEOMB Heocj[a6Hoe Ha6ii):ieHie,— Aa6u, Bose HsSaBH, He yins- 
HyjTB TafiEOMB Ha HenpiaxejBCEyD TeppHTopiD h He ycxpoHJi'B xaifB 
HHTHHra. JtocTHTHyToe, 6j[aroAapfl 3 ^yirb, npaBOBoe nojioseme poc- 
cittcEaro napoAnaro npeACTaBHxeJiH aobojebho to^ho xapaETepHsyerca, 

MOSAJ npOqHMB, BUSOBaiCn AenyTaTOBB-CBflmeHHlEOBB HO HaqSJIBCTBy 

AJTfl BHymenifi h HacTaBJieHlfiy KaE^b HO]^o6aerB npaBOCJEaBHOMy aT^o- 
BeHCTBy BecTE ce6H, Hrpaa pojib aaEOHOAaTejui, h ^tto noAofiaerB 
A^JiaTB. H HeMyApeHO, ecjiE cb JllyHox), ao TaEofi CTenenH cyMiBmeft 
«BpocTE» BB HBidtmniS rocyAapcTBOHEHM CTpolt, r. inBapn;B, Hanp., 
paaroBapHBaeTB tohoub Menropa, ^Hraon^aro npaBoy^enia lersoiiu- 
cieHHBnrB rniiHaBHCTaMB. H He iiyApeHo, ?to y otAliBHurB opoA- 



XP«HHKA BHyTPSaHBfi SIBHH. 165 

CTaBHTejieS BjacTH BpeiieHaMH cpusaioTCfl no a^pecy ajhu ysi cob- 
clifB 6e8i](epeiiOHHUfl cIOBe^Kti,—B^> poA'b «AOMopon(eHHKirB BasoHO- 
j^aieieft*. He MyApeno, ^to vb caMofl flju'i npe^CTaBRTeiib mhhh- 
crepcTBa napoxHaro npocBiii^eHiH nj6jiiimno ni o$Hi^iajibHo o6'BflBHj['B 
HesaKOHHuiTL BoryMi, npieifi BOJBHOcjiymaTejiLHni^'B b^b ysHsep- 
cHxeTEi. H HanpacHO no oTOMy nosoAy npeAcxaBirreja y^eSsaro Bb- 

AOMCTBa 06BHHflJIH Kb DpHAH^eCKOfi 6e3rpaMOTHOCTH. Offb He CTOIBRO 

npHAH^ecRH 6e3rpa]fOTeffB, CKOJibKO npocTO oiKpoBeHHuS qeaoBis'L, 
y ROToparo, qro HasHBaexcA, fjmdk Ha pacnamRy. H ero a^Hctbih— 
jiHuiB pesyjibTarb Bce Toro se cBpocTaHiH» npeAcraBHTejiBHaro oprana 
noAi* OAHy ^aoaAHyjD jiHHiH), «3anoAJiflqo», RaR^ roBoparB peicecieH- 
EHRH, CB AenapTaueHTOiTB nojiHipH. 

O^eHB 61x10 H jiuniB na o^ohb HeMHOxux'B npHMiparB h cxapaDCB 
noRasaxB nioxu xpyjioBi r. CxoiunnHa no yBpinjieHii) aHXHROHcxHxy- 
i^ohhbix'b noBHi^l. Go6cxBeHHO, A'^^TejiBHocxB HanpaBJiHeMyD cHcxe- 
MaxH^ecRH B'B 9xy cropoHy, 6£i20 6h HHxepecno npocjrbAHXB mars sa 
maroM'B, — orb ocxoposHofi nojiynpocHxeJiBHoS piiH HHEirnHHro npex- 
iAffikTejuL coBlxa mhhhcxpob'b b'b nepBofi ^yHi ao 6e3i](epeHOHHaxo h 
SeeanejUHUlIoHHaro saaBJieHis B'B rocyAapcxBeeHoirB CoBixii nepeA^ 
cavBnrB pasilsAOifB xpexBefi JtyMu na jiixHie RaHHRyjBi: 

— Paax npaBHxeiBCXBO xpe6yex7> accHFHOBRH Ha ^sorh, h pas'B 
OHO roBopHTB, ^0 A^HBrH ecxB, Ayica ofiHsana ovb HMeHH Bcefl cxpanEi 
noAnncaxB AOiroBue AORyMeHXBi 6e3'B padcysAOHifi. 

no Aoporb ovb noj[ynpocHxejiBHaro, saHCRHBaioniaro xona ri 
Ha^ajBHH^ecRH 6e8i:(epeH0HH0ify 6ujih axanBi, ocxaHOBRH, pasHBiH 
oxx^HRH HCRaxejiBcxBa H pasHue orrbHRH Sesi^epeMOHHOcxH. H 6ujio 
6u, nosaxyft, HasHAaxejBHo — ^BCRpirxB, RaR^ pocB annexHx^ x. Gxo- 
iBniHHa no vbpb ijs^i, B'B lacxHOcxH 6uilo 6bi HHxepecHO zotb 
CR0iBR0-HH6yAB y^BCXB pasnipH noMomn, RaRyro nojiyqHjrB r. Cxo- 
masLWh na »xom'b cbooitb nyxH c^e^iaJIBH0 otb 6ojiBmHHcxBa xpexBefl 
J[yHu. Ho 8X0 ocofiafl h cjoaRHaa xeHa. HaicB ceft^acB npHzoAHXcH 
jHmB R0CHyxBC« efl h npn xoifB B'B camucB oCn^nrB qepxarB. 



n. 

.SjiicBoe 6oiBmHHcxBO MopaiBHO H MaxepiaiBHo coAiSoxByexi 
jiHRBHAaipoHHOfi nojEHTHRt, — noiHXHR^, ocxple Roxopofi HaHpaBieHo 
R'B ycxpaHeHJJO HeoxjiosHUXB pe^opM'B. H yse oaho bxo no jioxhrI 
Ben^eS aojukho o6peRaxB 3 ^yMy na poJiB npaBHxejBCXBeHHaro no- 
voniHHRa vb jsjbib yRpinaeniH HMeHHO rbxib nosHifift, RaROBBiH sejia- 
xeiBHO yRpinjuxB AOBipHxeuifB r. GxoiunHHa. OAHaRO, AyMCRoe 
QoiBmBHCxBo He npocxo noMon^HHR'B. Bx CHiicjrb 6opB6ii crb neox- 

JIOSHUKH OCHOfiHUMH pe^pMaiCH pyCCROS SH8HH, OHO npOilBJEflei^B H 

HkRoxopoe co6cxBeHHoe ycepjue h vbROxopyi) HHHitfaxHBy. Hh a^ 
Roro H0 ceqperB, nanp., hxo no oxHomesii) r'b aeiieiBHOify Bonpocy, 



1S6 A. nETPHII](BBl>. 

RaK'L Offb CTaBHTCJi CailOBd SHSHblOy BCOK) COBOKyilHOCTBK) HaiHqHIiirb 

coi^aibHux'b ycjioBifi, 6ojibniHHCTBO TpeTbefi JtyMH HacxpoeHo bobco 
He 6jB[arosej[aTejn»Ho. H hh cTaBHTb, he paspiinaTB 8Torb BonpocB 
OHO HO HaMtpeHo. OTHOCHTejiLHo ntcTHofi, seMCKOft pe^opioBi seJianifl 
6oj[BmHHCTBa o^opiueHu h oiiy6jiHKOBaHU bo Bceo6n](ee cvbfl/bme. 
Boo6ni;e roBopfl, ohh cboahtca K'b TOiiy, qT06ii coxpaHHTb status quo. 
Bi qacTHocTH, A^se MejiKifi BaKOHonpoesTii o&b cofin^ecxBeHHOiTB 
ynpaBjieHiH» bii Kapcl nepoA^ caMHMX koh