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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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COAEP>KAHIE: 

CTPAH. 

1. nepeAi> paaoBtTOMi (KapTHHKH npoBHHuia^bHoft 

xch3hh). 0, H. OAhueMb 3 — 43 

2. *^* CTHxoTBopeHie JleoHuda E. 43 

3. yiNTeparypHaii AtnreiibHOCTb AGKatipMCTOBi. PbiJiieBi*. 

H. A. RomAHpeecKazo 44 — 82 

4. MarepMHCKafl jiiotfoBb, ksri* ijiaKTopi Bi»tfopb6t. Ra. 

Baznepa 83 — 112 

5. y 3bipflHi». OqepKH n. mynuHa 113— 142 

6. flpoKJiflToe nojie. noB-fecTL. B. J5. Hdaubeca. IlepeB. 

CT> HcnancKaro M. B. BaxcoHi, 143 — 190 

7. M3i> nepenMCKM Tjittia YcneHCKaro. C. H, Kfo/ca- 

Koea 191 —196 

8. cEe3i» otipaaoBareiibHaro i;eH8a». C. H. EAnambes- 

enazo 197 — 204 

9. Hto eCTb NCTMHa. PoMan-B (npoAOJDKCHie). Konpada 
TejibMuna, riepeBOAt ct HiMCUKaro P. B. (Bt 
npHJiojKeHiH). . 33 — 80 

10. Hauie otfiuecTseHHoe npotiymAGHie ci> couiajibHo- 

aKOHOMHHecKofi TOHKH sptniH. HuKOAan — oua i — 22 

II. KOCMJIKM (KapTHHKH ceJILCKO - X03HfiCTBeHHO^ 

>kh3hh). JI. E^UMoeuna 22 — 36 

12. Etriiufl aaMtTKN mejiTOii onacHocTM. JI,. A. Kjie- 

Mentha 36 — 56 

13. HOBblH KHHrHI 

M. 0. TeHHrHH-b. npH6ajiTiflCKie Han-feBw.— Po6Kie sByKH. 
CTHXOTBOpeHifl 0;ibrH Jlbc— HHMceropojiCKifl cdopHMKi*. — 
C. A. Ah — CKifl. PaacKasbi. — K) J\. E;iein>. Ma-b mohxi> 
CKHiaHifl.— /I. BojiKOB-b. Hto Hy)KHO? Boftna h Kama nojiy- 
HHTejiAHreHuifi. — BH6;iioTeKa rop6yHOBa-nocaflOBa: FlaBJiHeift 
Tjiaa-b, KanHTaHi) HHBapb. — BuSjiioreKa Haii]HXi> A'^refl: 
cecrpa BtpoHKa. — BH6;iioTeKa juia ceMbH u mKo;ifai: Be- 
ceHHie rocTH, CyAapb FlaHTejieft, KHflxcoft OTpoKi.— Pyc- 

(Cm, na oOopomn). 



GTPAH,. 

CKifl 6faijiHHu Bi* HsjiaHiH >KHpKOBa, cb pHcyHKayH.— Ke- I 

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}Kii3Hb H yqeHie. — HMuanyiurb KoHrb. Pt<iH Phjm h Bhh- i 

Aejib6aHAa. — C. P. MHRimoBi*. BoflHa h npHiuiioqeHiji oao- 

BHHHUX'b COAAaTMKOB'b. — C. A. [locirfejiOB'b. Bi* CHtraxi* 

BocToqHofl Ch6hph. — JX. A. riaxoMOBi*. JXsa crapuKa. — 

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CHCTeManiqecidfl yKaaar&nb crarefl h KHHrb. — Hoeua 

KHHin, nocrynHBUiifl bi pejiaKiiiio ^j yg. 

1 4. nojiNTNiia: Okooio Bofinu. — Okojio MHpa. — <l>paHKO- 
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KOH(|)JIHKTT». — IIlBeAO-HOpBeHCCKift KOH(t>JIHKrL. — . 

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C. H, lOstcaKosa 79 — 114 

15. W3T» AhmIm. Jlioueo 114—140 

:6. XpoHNKa BHyrpeHHeii wm3hm: XVII. Tohkh h mhofo- 

tohIh. — XVIII — XIX. KpecTLflHCKoe ABHMceHie, 
KaKi> npcABapHTCJibHoe ycjiosie arpapHoS pe- 
(|)opMLi. — XX. CymHOCTB arpapHOfi iipo6jieMMiii. — 
XXI. */Ie6eABi myKa h boji-b (no noBo^y cTaxLH r. 
HHKOJiaH— OHa). A,B, Jlrbmexonoea 140 — 177 

17. CiiyHaiiHbiR aaMtTKM: KpacHKft KpecTx bi> 6opb6i 
CB aAypHtiM'B noBeACHieM'B*. H, EeKKapeeuna. — 
Harh HCTopiH KpecTbHHCKaro npe^cTaBHTejiLCTBa. 
C. Ec^peMoea. — Ha-B paacyMCAenifi o Bceo6ii;eM'B 
H36HpaTejiBHOM'B npas'fe. M, RaMueea. — Ctpa- 
HHua Hs-L Forojw. G. 10. — Hosue onuTbi ynpo- 
mcHHaro MipoBoasptHiH. ^Jlb'^M^ 178 — 19J 

18. A^MOKpaTNdMi M BTopafl najiHTa. II. MujiioKoea. . . 193 — 210^ 

19. OTMerb KOHTopu peAaKi^iM 211 

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(XIII-Hft TOAly H3MHW) 
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H3AABAEMblfl UOJlTy PEAAKUIEfl Bjl. T. KOPOJIEHKO 

H npH 6jiHMcaSmeMT> ynacTiH H. 6. AHHeHCKaro^ A. r. TopH^ieJibAai 
A'lOHeo, A. H. HBaHMMHi-diicapeBa, H. E. KyAPNHa, n. B. MoKiescKaro, 
B. A. MiiKOTNHa, A. B. ntuiexoHoea, Peyca, C. H. lOmaKOBa n n. 0. 

flKytfoBMsa (71. MeJibiuMHa). 

lloAnNCHafl utHa: na rojux ex AOCTaBRofi h nepecwiKoft 9 p., Ha 

V2 Toji^, 5 p.; 6e3'& nocraBKH bii neTep6ypHb, Mockb^ h Kies'i 

8 p., Ha V2 row 4 p.; sa rpaHaay 12 p., Ha V2 ro^a 6 p. 

nOUHMCKA nPMHMMAETCfl: 

Bii C.-neTepdyprt — bx KOHTop-b ^ypna^ia — BacKoea yA.^ 9. 
d\ MocKBt — B-B oTat^eniB KOHTopu — HuKumcKtH sap., 9. FatapiMa. 
B\ KieBt — Bt orji^kjiQum KOHTopu — Rpe^amum, 14, ne. 11 j y 

A. A. CoKOAoecKazo. 

AocTasjijinmie noAnHCKy KHHHCHHE MAT A3HHM, 3EMCKIE CK JIA- 
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TPEBHTR/ILHfcW OBIIIECTBA, FASETHLW BIOPO, KOMHTETM Hm 
ATEHTM no nPDBMy nOiinHCKH BTb PASHBDCB yqPEMCAEHIHyB mo- 
TfT% yACpWHBaTb saKOMMHCcuo R nepeczijocy ACHerB no 40 Kon. cl Ka»Aaro 
KBeMiuiipa, T. e. npHcujiaTb, bm'^to 9 py6jieft, 8 py6. 60 Kon., TOJTLKO IIPH 
HEPEM^* CPASy nOJIHOft rOJOBOft nJIATM. 

Hodnucua ne enoJMUfh onAaHeHHOH 8 p. 60 n. on hrx-b HE IIPH- 
HHMAETOI MO nojiyqeHix HeAOcranmHxi AenerL, xaKi 6u hr 6ujaL najM 

7Aep)KaHHaji cyiuu. 

nOAOMCKA B-b KPEflMTb HE nPMHMMAETCH. 



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Ki> CB'bA'bHiio rr. noAnHCHHKOS'b* 

1) KoHTopa pe^aRnjlH ho oTBl^aerb aa aRsypaTHyiD xocTaBsy syp- 
Hajia no aApecairb ciaHipfi sejiisHiirB AoporB, r^i^ Bfbvb no^roBicn 
y^exAeHifi. 

2) noAnHcaBmiecji na sypnajTb ^epes'B khhshho Mara3HHu — c\ 
OBOHHH sajio6aMH Ha HeHcnpaBHOCTB AOCTaBKH, a Tasse cb saflBxe- 
HiflMH nepeirbsrb a^peca 6jiaroBOj[flrB o6paiiiaTbCfl HenocpeACTBenHo 
Wh KOHTopy peAaKi^H — Ilemepdypz^, yz, OnaecKoH u BacKoeoH v^.. 
9. 1—9. 

RHuofCHue MOiaauHu moAbKo nepedawim nodntiCHun 
deubzu in Konmopy pedaxt^iu u ne npuuuMaianvb 
HUKUKozo yHocmtR &b docmasKTb otcypnoAa, 

8) jKajio6u Ha HeHcnpasHocTL AocxaBKH, corjiacHo odiflBjieHiiD oti 
no^TOBaro J^enapxaMeHTa, HanpaBJuooTCA b'b KOHTopy peAaRi^H ne nosse, 
KaR'B no nojiy^eHiH cjrb]xjv)m<dti kruxrr acypnajia. 

4) npn saflBJotemH o nenojiy^eHiH khh»eh asypnajia, o nepeirbHi 
a;g[)eca H npn buchjikI AonojmHTejiBHHrB bshocob'b no pascpowh 
noAnECHofi njcaTu, Heo6xoAMiio npMJiaraTb neHATHuii aApeci>, no KOTopoiiy 
BucujiaeTCfl xypnaJTB b'b xeEyn^eirb roAyy hjih coo6n^aTi» ero Jft. 

He coo6Wfaio%U(ie X ceoezo neKomnazo adpeca sa- 
mpydnnioim naeedeuie nyoicnux^ enpasont u amuMi 
aoMedAHiorm UfCnoAnenie ceouxfh npoeh&b, 

5) npn KaacAOM'B saflBjieniH o nepeM^Hl adpeca B'B npe^ljiax^ He 
Tep6ypra H npoBHHiilH cjrl^iQrerB npnJiaraTB 25 Kon. no^rroBBiMn HapRaMH. 

6) npH nepeMtni nexepfiyprcRaro adpeca na HHoropoAHHfi ynjia^i- 
Baercfl 1 p.; npn nepeM^nt se HHoropoAHaro na nexep6yprcRiS — 65 r 

7) nepeutHa a;Q>eca AOJisna 6hxb nojrjr^eHa b'b Ronxopi ne noawa 
15 HNCJia KamAaro Htcfli^a, qxo6u djcasafimaji RHnra sKypnajia 6uu[a 
HanpaBjEena no noBOuy a^pecy. 

8) JlHii;a, o6pan^aK)nujicfl cb pasHBiMH sanpocaHH B'B Ronxopj pe- 
AaRi^H HJIH B'B ox^iJieHia ROExopn, 6jiaroBOJiflxi npHJia raxb no^xoBue 

6jiaHRH HJIH HapRH ^JIS OXB'bxOB'B. 

Ki> CB'bA'bHiio EBTOpOB'b crareft. 

1) Ha OTBirB peAaRI^H no noBo^y npHCJiannofi cxaxBH, a xaRse 
Ha cjiy^att BosBpan^enifl o6paxHo pyRonncu aojukhu 6b[xb npHjiosenu 
vapRH. 

2) HenpNHflTUfl pyKonMCM, ofipaxnaji nepecHJiRa roxopbqtb ne 6£ua 
onjia^ena, BosBpan^aioxcfl saRasHOfi 6aHAepoj![B]o cb najioseHHBan* njia- 

TOSOM'B CXOHMOCXH nepOCBIJERH. 

3) PyRonncH, AocxaBJieHEBia B'B peAaRn;uo ;^o 1903 r. h ne Bocxpe- 
SoBaHHBiA o6paxHo Ao 1-ro A6Ra6pfl 1904 r., yHMHTomeHbi. 

4) IIo noBOAy nenpHEflxuTB cxExoxBopenifi peAaRiiui ne bcaoxi ci 
aBTopaMH HHRaRofi nepenncRH, h xaRifl cxExoxBopenifl yHMHTomaiOTCR. 



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Cti npiisAOM'b IlajiJiaAiH HjibHHa b-b aom* y OTqa Hjibh 

so^BopHJiocb cKy^Hoe nacTpoeme, KOTopoe pta^e Bcero OTpasH- 

jiocB Ha IleTph HjibH^'b. CKyKa 9Ta ne noxoAHJia na OjiaroAyin- 

Hyro cejibCKyK) HCTOMy, BHieKaromyH) ns^b OAHOo6paaia A^peBeH- 

^KRTb BneHaTJitHiU. B^b HacTpoemn, npHBeaenHOM'B najijiaAieMii, 

6HJI0 ^To-To neAaHTH^ecKoe, cTporoe, iipeAnaMtpeHHO-oOpeMe- 

HHTejitHoe. IlaJiJiaAifi HjibHH'B MHoro paCoiaji'b. He paariiOa^cb 

HacaMH npocHmHBaJi'b owb HaA'b CBamenHtiMH h MHCcionepcKHMH 

KanraMH, h, tjihah na nero, KaasAHft coaHaBajTB o6H3aHHocTb 

noycepAH'ba saHHMaTbCH CBoefi paOoTOfli. 3a 06'bAeHHHM'B cto- 

jioM'b HJiH MOJi^aJiH, HJiH pasroBapHBajiH ceKTaHiax'b, mhc- 

-cioaepaxTb, n'hjia.vh AyxoBHaro B^AOMCTBa. IleTp-b HjibH^'b 

flanajTb yCtraib hstb AOMy kb KceHin AApiaHOBHt. TaKJKe, KaKt 

-en OTuy, oHt ^HiaJit BCJiyx'b Kceain AApiaeoBBrfe raseTH h 

KHHrH, xoAHJi'B ch HeH) Ha nporyjiKH bT) neiejibKOBCKift ji'fecb — 

^a ^eTbipe BepcTH oti» AepeBHH — h AaJibuie. Kcenia AApianoBHa 

-6biJia BTb ero rjiasax'b KaKT* 6h npoAojiJKeflieM'B AApiana IlaBJio- 

,BHHa, H TaK-b KaKT> npoAOJiHteHie 3T0 BonJiomajiocb b-b ^iviufb 

He coBC'bM'b cTaport h eme npHBJieKaTeJibHOfi JKeHinjUHti, a Jlexp'b 

HvibH'i'b BOoOme JiioOH.Ti'b 5KeHCKoe o6iu;ecTBO, to KpacHHft (|)jih- 

rejib npnTHrHBajib ero. noatajiya, cHJibH'fee, H'hwh npa AApian'b 

naBJioBH^t. BpeMeHaMH, — ocoOeHHo, KorAa Kcema AApiaHOBna 

jrjiuSajiacb, — ona npasHJiacb TTeTpy HjibH^y, KaK'b meHinjHHa. Ho 

-^orAa OHT> HanoMHHaji-b ceGi CBOCMb naMtpeniH oCysAHBaTb 

npHcymee eMy jierKoe oTHomeme Kh acenmHHaM'b rr bchomh- 

eajiB TaKHte, ^ro KceniH AApiaHoena roAa na Tpn CTapme Haji- 

.jiaAiH. CJitAoeaTejibHO, ett TpHA^aTb rpn, a to h TpHAi^aTb ^e- 

^fcipe roAa. Hpn aTOM'b BH^HCJieHin HeipTb Hjibhh'b omymajTB 

B^JSKh H-feKOTOpyiO HeJIOBKOCTb npH MHCJIH, HTO TaKOft — BceTaK» 

^ujfi HHTepecHoft— AaM-fe h y^ne TaKT. mhofo Ji'ferb... Hame 5Ke 



1* 



4 pyOOKOS BOrATOTBO. 

Bcero OHi> He aabi'b^ajrB bi> Heft meHiiUHHu, a rhwh 6oJi'ba^ 
AaMH, H HCRaJi'B y hbh yO-b^cHuiia OTh AOMamsefl cRyRH. 

KceeiH AApiaHOBHa bT) RHxatlcROM'B Ranor6 CHA'J^Jia Ha Bepx- 
Heft ciyneHH RpuJibi^a. He yca-fejTB IleTpi. Hjibh'I'l nosAopo- 
BaxbCA cb HeH), RaRit sa A6peBbHMH^ sacjiOHHioiAHMH Bopoxa, 3a- 
MejibRajiH JiomaAH h aKHnamH. KaxHJiH xpn (|)a3T0Ha ct> »eejrb3- 

HOAOpOHCHOfl CTaHIi;iH, B'b ROTOpHX'b C^Jl'hjm MyaCHHHH H AftMH^ 

Bc4 HapHAHo, no ropoACROMy oA'feTHe. 
Ho THXOMy napRy aaaByqaJio: 

— CtoK, CTOft! 

— SA^cb! CiOAal 

— Tnppy! CtoK! 

— A BOTb H OHa cana... oTmeJibHHAa! 

— B'b CBoeMi* ropAeJiHBOM'b OAHHOHeoiBi! 

— Ara? HamjiBT sacb, He capaxajiHCb? 

— Kceflia AApianoBHa, Aoporaa... He «AajiH? 

Kpn^ajiH OAHOBpeMeiHHO B'b ntcROJibRo rojiocoB'b, ho oahhi^^ 
pacKaTHCTO - HHBRifi 6acoBofl rojiocb Barjiymaji-b ociajibHtie. 

— KapHCCHMa! CecrpH^Ra! Moe no^Tenie!— noBTopajTb OH-b^ 
HBii (|)a9T0Ha, iioA'b'fexaBmaro btophmt* no cqeiy. — ^CajibBe Ara 
Mopa, KacTa 9 nypa!" — Tanyji'b 6acoBoft rojiocb napoHHTO pyc- 
CKRWb npoHBHomemeM'b. 

CMimaHHue rojioca npoAOJiMcajin: 

— 9Ra npejiecTb y Bacb RaRaal 

— J^oporaa, mh R'b BaM-b na i^'fejiyio ne^tfejiio... 

— SaROH^HJiH Typna B'b XapbROB*, — h R'b BaMi* na oTAHX'b.^ 

— PaAa — He paAa, npHHHMaflTel 

— JllpyBbiiM'b-To Aa He paAa!? — TOJibRo h ycn'fejia npoRpH- 
HaTb KceniH AApianoBHa, BnaAan B'b o6iAift iiOBumeHHO-rpoM- 
Rift, BBcejiHft H HtcROJibRO ByjibrapHHft TOHT). — npomy... npomy;. 
noacajiytoe! 

Hs'b nepBaro (|)aaTOHa BHineji'b mojioaoK maieffb ct 6pH- 
THM-b jiHi^oM'b H nojiyaaKpHTHMH rjiasaMH. On'b noMorb coflTB. 
Ha BeMJiK) paapHHceHHOfi nojiHoft AaM%, noBTopaBmeJt cjiobo: ao- 
poraa. 

— Jl^a y Bacb HaflAGTCH jih, ta* pasMtcTHTb Hamy opany? — 
cnpocHJTb on'b. 

— Hy, BOT'b emel PasM'fecTHMca. 

— MyaccKol! nepcoHaji-b rA^-HwOyAb Ha ctHOBajit boabo- 
paftTe! — saTpyOHJi'b fiacb csaAH. 

— OjiHMn'bHBaHOBiiq'b,noMOJiHHTe!— ociaHOBHjia ero nojinaa; 
Aana. 

— OeoftAGMCH H Oeaij cbnoBajia, — roBopHJia KceniH A^pia- 

HOBHa. — y MCHH BCTb euie OAHHT) AOMTi... IlyCTOft. . H BaCb TaM^b- 

pasM-feniiy, ecjin a-A'icb 6yAeTi> rtcHQ. 



naPBA*^ PASOB'&TOll'B. 5 

— Btj sRKjmnjfk npeAKOBi>? — cnpocHJit Oacb. — Bene! „y-CHy 
^-AHH-B noAt CBo-AOiTb KO-apo-ajiefl"! 

— SaMinaeTe, rocnofla, KaKb aio y hch BejiHROJiinHO bh- 
%ojiwn>: „H**, „y Mena**? Ax's, (|)eoAajiKa! 

— OeoAa-ajiKal 

— Ojihmh'b HBaHOBHHT>, noMOJi'iHTe! 

, — Jl^oporaa! Mti yate 6hjih bobji* nyororo Aona. Bhahitb, 
8'B'68AnE>, RaMeHHue ctoji6h... h no'i^xajiH... Kanaa npejiecTb: 
4^BopHHCKoe TH-feBAO, BaOtiTaH ycaAbCa... 

— „A-aaAHo-o 3a-a6Be-8-aHbe". 

— OjiHMn'B HBaHOBiiHT>! yfiMHTecb... 

— 0, 6ypHonjiaMeHHHll... ta* owb, tbmi> h apMapKa. 

— 3ApaBCTByttre ate, sApaBCTByftre... Boti> ne HCAajia! Kce- 
Bia AApiaHOBHa i^ijioBajiacb h cb My^^HHaniH, h cb meniniH- 
naMH. Bci cTOJiuHJiHCb BOKpyn> nea, h anmb OAHH'b Hs-b upi- 
ixaBiHHX'b, — TOTb, KOToptifi BHmejTb HBT* TpeTbaro (j[)aaTOHa, — 
MOJi^ajiHBo cToaji-b nooAajib wh TeaTpajibHO-no^THTejibHOfl noa*. 
CaaBi) maany, owh oatHAaa'b CBoeft onepeAH nosAopoBaTbca cb 
xoaafiKOft. 8to 6Ha'b opHrHHajibHO-KpacHBHft ^eaoB-feK'b B-b Haaiu;- 
Ebwh a'feTHeM'b KocTioM'b i^B'feTa peaeAH, ot> rycTHMH saBHT- 
«aMH op'bxoBO-neneabHHX'b bojiocb, cii KJiaccinecKHM'b hsfh- 
6oM'b pTa H CMarHeHHo-KJiaccHHecKHM'b iipo(|)HaeM'b. B-b ero 
MaHept A^P«aTbca, B'b BbipaHcemn raaa'b, bo Bcefi (|)Hryp'fe,— 
cTpofiHoft H rH6Kofl,— cKasMBaaocb hto-to ateHCTBeHHOKOKeraH- 
3oe, HBrtaceHHoe, naOaaoBaHHoe h neMHoro HaAMOHHoe. 

Ero noaBaenie ocoOeHHO HsyMHao KcemK) AApianoBHy. 

— H BH? — yAHBacHHO, xoxa pa^iyniHO, cnpocnaa ona, noA- 
xoAa K'b Moa^aaHBOMy rocTro. 

OfiPb myTaHBO noHHK'b roaoBoK, BSAOxnya'b ci> BHHOBaTHM'b 
BHAOM'b H noATBepAHai): 

— Ha! 

Kceaia AApianoBHa gt^ av[Wh ne noic&aoBaaacb, h osrb annib 
noi^taoBaa'b y nea pyKy, hhbko cKaonaa cboh) KypnaByio ro- 
aoBy. 

H3B03^HKH CHOCHaH ^CMOAaHH, npitBHcie ToaKaHCb Ha Tep- 
pacfe, npoAoaacaa myBrfeTb. 

— Map(|)yina! Map(|)ynial — Kpn^aaa Kceaia AApianoBHa. — 
CaMOBap-b, Map(|)yma! riocKopie... CAtaaftie aHHHHi^y h... ito 

^in;e y nacB ecTb? 

— JSfiB, camoBapa, Map(|)ymal ^Bal ecan HaftAeica y (|)eo- 

AaaKH. 

— OaHMn'b HbaHOBHH'b, noMoa^HTe... 

— H rpoccb-an^HHcty, Map(|)yma! — ne yHHMaaca OaHMn'b 
HBaHOBHHi>, — KoaoccaabHo-pocaHfl Oacb-annHHUiy, Moncrp'b-aH^- 
HHi^y, — Cb aio A^peBo! H OAHH'b c'b'feM'b cToabKo! 

— OaHMn'b HBaHOBHH'b! 



6 ^ PyOOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— Axij, Aoporaa... 

^aMH He yMOJiKEjiH, He saTHxajiij n Ojihmiii> HsaHOBHq'B. y 

Hero 6UZ0 OTKpHTOe CHMnaTHHHOe JIHUO, Ha KOTOpOM'B TCMHO- 

pycaa (|)paHi^y3CKaa 6opoAKa HHKaK'B ne rapMOHHpoBajia ct> 

pacnJIHBHaXHM'B HOCOM'B H OCTaJIbHHMH — HHCTO BeJIHKOpyCCKHMH. 

MepraMH. OjiHMn'B HBanoBH^'B, ocMaxpHBaHCb, ry^'bJi'B: 

— BoHii, Tjx'h yKpHJiacb ott> CBtia! „Bb ropu orb Baci>- 
yxoHcy a!" — nycTHJH oh-b Moryqett OKxaBOtt. — „Bi> ropti! orryAa 
Barjiany a Becejio b'b BaniH ;aojiHHH!" Btpno, KapnccHMa, oao-^ 
CpHio... B'B ropH! 

KpacHBH^ n'j^Bei^'b bi> sejieHOBaTOM'L roctiom^ ocTaHOBHJi'B 
Ha neipt HjibHH'b npHCTajibHo-noAoapHTejibHHft BBTJiaji'b. Kce- 
hIh AApiaHOBHa nepexBarnjia axorb BsrjiHA'b h BcnoMHHjia a 
IleTpt HjibH^t. 

— SflaKOMbTecb, rocaofla, — cKasajia ona rocTHM'b. — Ileipi^ 
HjibH^-b, MOJiofloft jxpyrb Moero oTi^a... H MOfl... CHH-b 3jjfbm- 
HHro CaTioniKH. 

y Bcfex-b npita^cHX'b Ohjih paaHHH (|)aMHJiiH, ho Ilexp'b 
HjibH^'b He sanoMHHji'b hh oaho^. IlepeinjiH B'b KOMHaTH. 

HaMH, yMHBaacb, pacnjiecKHBajiH Bo^y B'b cnajibHolt y 
KceniH AjipiaHOBHK, MymiHHH BKdnpajiH Beii^H ^si> HeMO^a- 

fiOBl> B'b Ra6HHeTt. OjIHMH'b MBaHOBH^l) RpHHaJI'b H3'b RaOHHOTa: 

— KapHccHMa! CecTpH^Ka! BHRynaxbCJi 6u HaM-b? Y Bacb- 
ecTb RynaHbe? XoTb njioxoHbRoe? J^ajiene? 

IleTp'b HjibHHb BH3BaJica npoBOAHTb My5KCRot! nepcoHaji'b^ 
R'b P'feqHii^y. OAHa HB-b npitBacHX-b jifiiWh (nxb 6hjio ab*), He 
oTKpuBaH ABepe^ cuajibnoK, 6e3noKofiHO daroBopnjia: 

— AjiORchiJ AjiORcfeH^'b! IIoocTHHbTe 5Ke, He OpocaliTecb 
cropana B'b Bo;ty... OjiHMn'b HBaHOBHq:'b, poahmhIJ, npncMoxpHTe^^ 

Sa HHM'b! 

— OjiHMn'b HBanoBHq'b h aa co6ofl He npHCMOxpHTi>, — Boapa- 
BHJia Apyraa ^ana 6oji'fee lOHHM'b rojiocoM^b. — Jlynme MaKCHMa 
HHROJiaeBHHa nonpocHXb. MaRCHM'b HnROJiaeBH^'b! 

— MaRCHR-b!— npocHxejibHo nosBajia nepBai^.— HpncMoxpHxey 

pOAHCHbRiflil 

KpacHBu£i MaRCHR'b c^h nenejibHO-op'i^xoBUMH BOJiocaMB 
npoHHHecRH ycM'i^xHyjica h cRaaaji'b A^'MaM'b: 

— Cjiymaro-cbl 

no Aopoffe R'b P-feHHiny Ilexp'b HjibH^'b npHM'bxHjib Map- 
(|)yiny, onpoMexbio 6'feataBinyK) &% cejio, B'tpoaxHO — nonojiH^xb sa- 
iiacH aHJOi'b H npoMHx-b npoAyRxoB^b. Ona fi-feMcajia He yjiHi^elJ, a 
HanpaMHR-b, nepeB-b MyxcnqRie oropoAH, HCRycHO jiaBHpya cpeAB 
HaRJioHHBniHxca noACOJiHe^HHROB-b. BocHH Horn ea, — Ropn^He- 
BHa ox-b aarapa, — Bce cxpeMHxejibH'fel! h cxpeMHieJibHtfi ycRO- 
pajiH marn. 

— He cxyAeHx^b jih 6yAexe? — saroBopnjl'b cb HeipoM'b HjibH- 



QEPfiA'^ PA8CB%T0M%. 7 

HeMi OJiaMH-B HBaHOBH^i>, KOTopHtt maraji'b TaK'b niHpoKO, hto 
TO H jx'hjio onepeacaji'B ocTajibHHX'B cnyTHHKOBT>. Ofb ineJii> ene- 
pe;^H CBoeoOpasHott noxoAKOfl, bi* npncKOHKy, Hyxb-^yTb npiocTa- 
HaBJiHBaacL Ha Kaat^oa norh. — GTjjieETbl ynHBepcHTeTCKift? 

— H^Tt, ceMHHapHCT-b,— cKasaJit IleTpt Hjilh^^b. 

— CeMHEapHCTB!? Kojijiera, Bamy pyny! Aa'B To«e... XoTa 
HeKOHHHBiniK. no npoHCKaM'B BparoB'B.H no pesojiroi^in peK- 
Topa... 

IIpH noMomn npaBoK pyKH h KOJitna, OjiHMni> HBanoBH^i'B 
cn'hjidkJVb KpacHop'bHHBHt! MtecTi>, HarjiaAHO HJiJiiocTpHpoBaBinia 
HacHJiBCTBeHHoe yAajienie. noTOM-L AoOaBHJit, KaK-B fin peKo- 

MCHAyHCbl 

— J]|bHKOHCKifl: ctiH'B, HHTOMei^'b BopoHestCKia 6ypcH H ce- 
MHHapiH... A HHHHe noH): „y Ka-apjia ecxb Bpa-arn! B'b rjia-aB* 
nxb FenpHX^ ca-aM-b!" H ^oprb... cKOJibKO noio, a Bce cjiobi ne 

nOMHK)... 

MaKCHM'b HHKOJiaeBHH'b ne nepecxaBaJiT) npHCMaTpHBaibca k-b 
IleTpy HjibH^y. nexp'b HjibH^'b paaa ipn BCTpiTHJica rjiaaaMH 
cb ero ynopHo pascMaTpHBaiomHM'b BBopoMt, h KaacAHil paa-B 
MaKCHM'b HHKOJiaeBH^'b nocnimno otboahji'b rjiaaa, B'b flOKa- 
saTeJibCTBO, HTO npHCTaJibHocTb ero BsrjiaAa He yMnniJieHflaa, 
a cjiynaftHaa. 

nexp'b HjibH^i* npHBeJi'b apxHCxoBB kb caMOMy rjiyOoKOMy 
M'fecTy Ha P'b'iHm'fe, rjxh oxKpHBajiacb nopaAo^Haa BOAHaa no- 

BepXHOCTb Cb ptHHHMH KaMKHiaMH HO RpaHM'b. MaKCHM'b Hh- 

KOJiaeBHH'b Hcnyrajicii npH6pe»cHaro HJia h ho no^eJiajTb Ky- 
iiaxbCH. 

— 3ro Bce ;Ke ne p-feKa, a 6ojioxo, — saM'fexHJi'b OH'b. — H no- 
ryjiHH) Ha fiepery... KpacHBoe M-fecxo. 

OxKaaajicH Kynaxbcn h nexp'b HjibHTb. Oxnero-xo CMy ne xo- 
xijiocb pasA'feBaxbca nepeA'b 9XHM'b ajieranrHHM'b ^MaKCHKOM-b", 
y KOToparo 6hjih xaKie jiroOonHXHHe h naAMeHHo-ne^aJibHHe rjiaaa. 
XyAomaBHfl, lOHcmecKH-MycKyjiHcxHlJ, AjieKcfefi AjieKcieBHH'b 
AOJiro ocTHBaji'b na necK'fe. Owb pasA'bBajica MCAJieHHO, ci> ko- 
MHHecKoft HejiOBKOCXbK) ropoMcaHHHa, jiHnieHHaro na JiOH'fe npn- 
poAH ropoACKHX-b yAoficTBT). 3a xo Ojihmh'b HBanoBH^'b nyBcxBO- 
Baji'b ce6a, KaK-b pn6a B'b boa*. OH'b, ne ocTHBaa, OpocHJicn 
B'b P'bHHme, HHpaji'b, njianaji'b, ox(|)bipKHBajiCH, fipHsraji'b bo- 
AOK), KpHHaji'b rycTHM'b OacoM'b MaKCHMy HnKOJiaeBH^y: 

— 9x'b BH,— axjiacHCTHfl! B'b 9HxaK0it BOAnni'fe, m ne Ky- 
naxbCH? Bojioxo! BaM'b nero mel MpaMopHHMH njiHxaMH Oeper-b 
BHCTJiaxb npHKamexe? BasHy cii OAeKOJionaMH? C'b oxpyOaMH? 
He6ocb, C'b MHHAftJibHHMH? M KyA^ BH TOAHxecb nocjrfe aroro? 
Oaho cjiobo: xenop'b. 

— A BH noAeJiHKaxH'be ch xeHopaMn! — nanoMHHJTb Gii 6e- 
pera Bce enj;e ne ocxHBmit! AjieKcbJi AjieKcfeeBH^i). 



8 PyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

— A BacB 8T0 He KacaeTCfl: bh Tenopii flpyroro copTa. 

— BToporo, BH xorfejiH cKaaaTb? — oOhahebo nepecnpocHJit 
AjieKcfefi AjieKcfeeBHHi). 

— fl CRasajTB, caro mio, jjpyroro, a He BToporo. JXpyroU ne 
3HaMHTi» BTopott. ^pyrofi MOHcerB Chtb h nepBittmHiTB... 

OjiHBin'b HBanoBH'i'b on5iTb CpnarajicH, HHpnjrb n bhhjih- 
BhSVb Ha HOBOM'B wi^cTh, BAajiH noAi* RaMKHiaMH. Ero e^Ba 

yrOBOpHJIH BHJltSTB, HaKOHei^'B, HSB Bojxa. 



X. 

Korj^a mjiH oOpaTHo, Boajii PtxHma nocHpijio, Bt BosAyxt 
Banaxjio ROHonjiHHHHRaMii. OjinMnx HsaHOBH^'B maraJiB Baepe^H 

BCiXB H rOBOpHJIB yMHJieHHo: 

— YTb, cjiaBHo!.. JliepeBHeii naxHeTT>, KOHonejibRofl, jik)6jik)I 
A eme Jiy^me Tenepb y Haci>, bb BoOpoBCROM'b ybBA*. BA^cb 
cyma, crenb, rmjibHo, sejieHH MaJio, a y nacb... Bhttijxemh 8to 
3a ropoA^, Ha OyropB, rA'fe MeJIbHH^H; BHriorb-OaTroniRa ne- 
peAi> T060K)... SejieneHbRifi Becb! ^ajiH RaRin! XptooBoe bhaho, 
i^epRBH RpyroMB fijiecTiiT'b... FopoAOR'b THXOHbRift, Ojiaro^ecTH- 
BHfi... JIfiUB, — 6peBeHHaTne, jiioah AoOpHe, cepAe^HHe. Bea-b 
noABOxa, 6681 naROCTn: RaROBB ecMb, TaRHMB h 6epH mchh, a 
He HpaBjiJocb, He i^'fejiyft, CAiJiaft MHJiocTb! Ho A^BaHocTO Jitrb 
MCHByn* — H nepBH nitjiH. MocTOBHX'b H-ferb: bb aomcah na yjiH- 
i^axB He rpaab, a CMeTana... MacjiaHHCTaa, ^epHeHbRan... Hep- 

H03eMHaH. 

— 9Kaa RpacoTa!— HacMiinjiHBo noATBepAHJiB MaRCHMB Hh- 

ROJiaCBH^'b. 

— MoJi^HTe BH... axjiacHCTHli. BaMTb ne noHHTb aToro. Ho- 

ixaTb 6h MHt B-b OpiniHHRH, Kb CBHTOMy ROJIOAI^y, a He TO — 

OTnpocHTb y poAHTejM jiomaAeHRy, Aa RaiHyib noAajibnie — no 
caMaro Jl^oHa. 9rb, JIfiEiA /I,tAyniKa-J]ioHi>... Ky;ia hh rjiaHb, 
jiyra CBtJKie... JI'fecoR'b myMHTB, ropRH MijiOBHa... Thxo! Y 
napoMa TOJibRo: „JXsi no-Aa-ali nepe-B0-08y!* C-b Be^epa 8T0 jiioah 
Bi* nojie yxoAHTB... MymHKM, 6a6Li — bb RpacHOMB, RapTHHa! 
B3Hcm! aa! Bsjk^k! a! Koch Roca, noRa poca... a nmenHqia pa/iRaMH. 
paARaMH TaRB h jio^HTca. Fjiasy — npocTop'b! A RaR-b pwcH 3a- 
i^B'feTyT'b! JlfiCsmaKh no mecTbcorb bb oahomb RycRt... IIottAenib 
3a ropoAB,— ROJiocHTca ona, rojiyOyniRa... JXyTb OTb nea! Ba- 

CHJIbRH CHflie... 

— J5a owb no9rb, Hami> Ojimiui> HBanoBH^'b?.. H CROjibRO a 

He BHaJITb CaCOBTb, BCfe CeHTHMOHTaJIbHH. 

— dXTb BH... TeHOpa! A MH* H BHMOK) HaCTO COHB CHHTCa. 

ByATO HAy Tpono^RoK, n MajibHHmRa eme a: Oocoft, pydamcHRa 
Ha BKnycRB, laRB... TOJibRO cjiana, hto oa^tb. A no cToponaMB 



DBPE^^l PABOB-fiTOMl. 9 

TponoHKH poatb aoBpisaeTi): aejieaan, He noxteJiTtjia, KaKi) 
cjiijiyeTt. H BnepeAH KypraH-B nepeflo mhoh), h BiTepx na 
;^Bop'fe: flHBa KOJiHinercH Bca... To ona Htejixaa, to cepeOpHHafl, 
TO sasejieH'feeT'L... Bojina bojiho^! H KaTHTi> BOJina no Kyprany, 
fla He cBepxy, a cnnay, na ropy BaOnpaeTCH... H CToro h cMorpio, 
H pa^ocTHo MHi! IIpocHnaTbca He xo^ercn!.. 

AjieKcfeJi AjieKC'beBHH'B, npHmypHB-b cboh — h eea-B Toro no- 
JiysaKpHTHe — rjiasa, nepe6Hjn> paacKaBHHKa: 

— Hy, b-b ^eM-B »ce npen^TCTBie? 'BaacalJTe Ty^a, b-l Bo- 
<5poBCKift yfesfli). JIfi ceaoHa 6e3'b Majiaro ABa Mtcai^a, naryjine- 
Tecb. H 8KcneAHi^iH He^oporaH, bo BTopoMi) KJiaccb pyOjieft 

J^eCflTb... 

— Hto y5KT>! K-b HOMy h TaM'b? CMfex'b 04iiht>... Bcfe juo^h, 

KaK'b JIIOAH, BCHK'b Ha CBOeM'b MiCTfc, npH CBOeMli Jl'hJlh... a H 

npi'fexaji'b — HeAoneHeHHHfl. „y Ka-apjiaecTb Bparn-n!" Upo'hsji'h — 
j^'fejio rpomeBoe, ixaTb aaaopno... 

IIoKa Mym^HHH KynaJiHCb, na Teppaci^ b-b KpacHOM'b (|)jih- 
rejit yciiijiH npnroTOBHTbCH Kb naio. 

BflOJib TeppacH ctohjitj fljiHHHHli CTOJIB cb 6jiK)AaMH TBopory 
H CMeTaHfci; KHatji'b na TaOypeT* Oojibmoit caMOBap-b, HS'b KyxHH 
J^0H0CHJIca aanaxi* nero-TO BKycnaro. JtaMbi nnjin nafi. Cxapmaa 
HBTi Hnxii pa3CKa3HBajia Kcemn AApianoBHt: 

— EpHMaAOHHOfi y nacb KoBanbKo fiHJia. H'feBHi^a — cjiaCeHb- 
KaH, a KanpHsoB-b, (|)HpKaHbH — na Tpn anaMeHHTocTH cb no 
xoAi^ewLT). He npoxo^Jio una, htoCh Bacb ne bchomhejih, ao- 
poraa! Bra KoBanbKO — neBHHOCHMaa; piBKaa, rpyOiamta, ci> 

MyMt^HHaMH — HaBH3HHBa AO HenpHJiHHia. IIpeJinpiHM^HBOCTb 

HeoCHKHOBeHHaa... /^aace AjieKcbK AjieKcfeeBH^a ne ociaBHjia B'b 
noKoi. Bh ero sHaeie: AjieKcM AjieKcfeeBH^-b ne jiroOnrb SToro, 
HHKaKoro noBOAa c"b ero CTopoHn... A KoBanbKo — xaK'b h CKa- 
^erb B'b rjiaaa! 

FoBopHBinaa AaMa 6HJia no^HJiaa, ho onenb aaHaxaa cBoeio 
BHtmHocTbio. SsajiH ee XpncTHHOtt JIbBOBHoft. SaBHTan, ch uojsr 
pncoBaHHHM'b jiHi^OMi), Cb rycTo-nepenjioMOHpoBaHHHMH nepoA- 
HHMH 8y6aMH, ona BHrjiHA'feJia eme 8$(|)eKTH0t^, He CMOxpn na 
H3jiHniHK)K) nojiHOTy. HeKpacHB'b OHJi-b y nea jiniub poT'b, BAa- 
BJieHHHU, C7> TOHKHMH ryCaMH, Cb AByMH noJiynpospa^HHMH 
CopoAflBKaMH HaA'b ujiocKofl BepxHeK ryColJ. Ha XpncTHHii 
JlbBOBHt 6hjio jierKoe nJiaxbe na-b H'feJKHo-CB'hTJioft MaTepinoA- 

HOrO H31> T-fex-b XOpomeHbRHXTi pHCyHKOBl>, KOTOpHe HaSHBaiOTCfl 

^A'feTCKHMH**. Ofla HocHJia MHoro cBepKaromnx'b yKparaenifi: Ky- 
inaKij CT> 6jiecTim].HMH npa^KKaMH, nicKOJibKo q'feno^eK'b na 
me'b Cb ^acaMH, 6pejioKaMH h aMyjieiaMH, MHoro Kojiei^'b h rpe- 

fiOHOK'b (yb HCKyCCTBeHHHMH KaMHAMH. FoBOpHJia XpHCTHHa 

JIbBOBHa oxoTHo, rpoMKO H aBTopHTOTHO... ^pyraH H'bBHqa, Anna 
MoAecTOBHa, 6HJia noMojio^e h noTHme, CproneTKa, HeBHCOKaa, 



10 P70CK01 BOrATCTBO. 

HenpHTflsaTeJibHO ofltTaH h, 6e3cnopHo, MHJioBHAHaa. Bnpo^eMt^ 
npH Bcett mhjiobh;ihocth Ahhu MoAecroBHu, b'b ea napyatHOOTK 
nero-To HeAoc5TaBajio, BtpoaTHO — yM'bHbH nojibSOBaTbca' cbohmh 
npnpojIHHMH ^aHHHMH. 9T0TTb HeAocxaTOKTb jsfbjiSijrb ee Majioaa- 
MtTHoi!, yOHBaJi'b aanoBaji'B ea MHJioBHiiHocTb h csi^ecTB. 
nocHA'bB'b HeMHoro Ha leppact, Ilerpi* Hjibh^ jioraAaJica^ 

^TO XpHCTHHa JIbBOBHa npHXOflHTCfl KaK^b 6U MteHOH) K)HOMy 

AjieKcfeH) AjieKcteBH^y, a AHna Mo^ecTOBHa CjiHSKa cb Ojihm- 
nowb HBaflOBHHeM'b. 8to ofisapy^HBajiocb caMO coOoh), xoia 
Bcb npHcyTCTByiomie 6hjih aa bh Apyrb Cb ApyroMx h hochjih 
pasHbia *(|)aMHJiiH. OjiKMn-b HBaaoBH^'b ii Anna MoAecroBHa 
H'bmHo neperjiaAHBajiHCb, a XpHCTHaa JlbBOBaa ae cnycKajia 
rjiaa-b c^h AjieKcfea AaeKcteBana, h, o neM-b 6h kto he aaro- 
BapHBajiB, oaa (|)aTaJibaHMTj oCpaaoM'B cBOAHJia BcaKlft paaro- 
BopT> aa p'bHb oCb AaeKcfe'b Ajie'^C'beBHH'fe. KciaTii a aeKCiaTH, 
oaa npoHBHOcajia ero HMa, a— npoaaaocHMoe npaBH^aofi CKopo- 
roBopKofl — HMH 8T0 BBy^ajio ciiTTao, KaKB: „Ac'fe]ft-ac'feHH'b"... 
KpacBBHtt TeaopB, MaKCHMi> HaKOJiaeBa^'b, Aep^ajiB ce6a h 
Tenepb ci> no^nyaaraAO^aoK MOJi^ajiaBocTbio. 3a sLaeMT* noAuiy- 
^HBajia aaAB OjiaMnoM'b IlBaaoBaqeM'L. 

— H B'feAb KaKB pasMe^iTajica nocjit Kynaaba! — paacKasH- 
aajiB AjieKcfet! AjieKcfeeBa^'b.— flo aAHJiJiia AOinejiTb. Xoahtb 6h^ 
roBoparb, uwh bo p;Ka, ^to6h Cocoft a 6Hjn>, Aa xoJibKO cjiaBa, 
^TO OA'feT'b... a KpyroMi, — BacaJibKB, BacajibKa... 

— 0, OypaonjiaMeaauft! 

— y^Ay, roBoparb, aa poAaay, bb npa^cTaaKH noKAy- Mo-- 
5KeTb, eui,e a bb AtaKOBM BHCKony. 

— TorAa aa Aaa'fe MoAecTOBa'b meawTbca aejibsa: bao- 
BBu;a... 

— A KaK'B me ct> onepoft, 6ypaonjiaMeaaHli? — capocaJia 
Kceaia AApiaaoaaa cb yjmCKOfi. 

— OxjiaA'feJi'b, cecTpa^Ka, — cKaaajiB OJiaMmb HBaaoaa^B no- 
jiycepbeaao.— HacHTaJica... He bb npa^eiaaKa... a ymeji'b 6n, Ka- 
paccaMa, OyAeTB cb Mea;j, AocTaTo^ao. Ha KOfl jihab oaa Mai, — 
onepa Bama,— ecjia y Mean arpH atiB? Bayxpa HyBCTByio, a 
nepeAaib ae bb cajiaxB? 

— 3a TO rojiocB... 

— ro.ttocB, rojiocB... A HTO a8B aero? rojiocfe - to papa- 
Io3e4)'B B'bpao Ma'b npeAOKaaajTb: CiTOB'B aoKoliaaK'B, loca^'B 
HKOBJieaaqB. Cx aepBOil both, KaK'B nocjiymaji'B, TaKB a ro- 
Boparb: y TeOa, men &nge, ae rojiocB, arojiocaaa... rojiocaaamel 
Ho aiai^oMB, men Snge, aaKorAa ae (JyAeaib. ^yeaaopyM'B th, 
BOTB HTo. H ocTaaenibca AyOHaoft: TaKie ae nporpeccapyioTB. 
Cajia BByna cBepxBecTecTBeaaaa, a hto bbb Toro? Cajia 8ByKa> 
men ange, ecTB a y fiapaCaaa. npoaopjiaaHft 6hjib Maacrpo lo- 



OEPBAl PASCBI^TOICL. 11 

CH(|)T> flKOBJiesHH-b! FjiHHeT'B Ha noBH^Ka, H BCK) cyAfcOy ero 

BHJIO^KHT'b, KaK'b Ha HOAHOCfe... 

neipij HjibHTb CTaji'B npomaTboa, h Kcenia AzipianoBHa npn- 
rjiacHJia ero Ha saBipa Kt oOtAy. OoApawcaa ea JirofiesHOtt hh- 
TQHai^iH, OjiHMn'B HBaHOBH^T) BaTpyCHJii) Ha Becb napKt nano- 
Ao6ie BoeHHofli 3opn: 

— IIpH-XO-AH-Te, neip'b IIjIb-H-^'bl 

A IleTpy HjibH^y ^ojiro Mepemnjica bT) leMHOT'fe ho^ih 
Ha6jiH)AaTejibHO-noA03pHTejibHb[tt Barjina-b MOJi^ajiHBaro lenopa. 

Ha Apyrofli Aenb neip'b HjibH^'B aBHJica ki> oObAy bi* na- 
BHaneHHtifl ^acT> h yanajiij, ^to 06'feAaTb 6yAyTT> noame, noTony 
^To npi-feamie rocTn nosAHO BciajiH h hobaho aaBTpaKaJiH. 
JI^aMH CHA^JiH c-b KceHieft AApianoBHoft na Teppacfe, bt^ t^hh, 
3a sejiCHLK) XM'fejia, uym^nEu oTcyicTBOBaJiH: yniJiii noBajiaTbca 
Ha TpaB*. 

— He crfecHaflTecb, Heipi* HJIbH^^, — npeAJiojKHJia Kcenia 
AApiaHOBHa, — 6epHTe ra3eTH, ^HTafiTe. V nacb pecny6jiHKa: kto 

HTO XOHCTI), TO H jlfbi^lheTh. 

Owh B3aji'b raseiH. ^aMH npoAOJimajiH npeatniti paBroBopi). 
XpHCTHHa JIbBOBHa, noApHcoBaHHaa meAp'fee B^eparnnaro, B'b 
HOBOMT) 5KeaTOBaTO-6'bJioMi. iiJiaTbHU'fe, (|)acoHa bebe, ct Bejie- 
HbiMH OapxaTKaMH, Jiemajia B'b KpecJi'fe, oOMaxHBaacb Kpy^es- 
HUM'b BtepoMi), Ha KOTopoM'b 6hjih H3o6paH«eHbi HapaAHHa 
napH B'B 6'bjiHX'b napHKax'b, TaHiiiyH)ii];ia MeflyaT-L. A ana MoAe- 
CTOBHa, oA'bTaa no OyAHii^HOMy, BbimnBajia no KanB-fe ManHuiKy 
AJia MymcKOft pyCaxn aaTtfiiJiHBHM'L ysopoM^b B'b CTpo^Ky hb'b 
rjiaAb. Oaa roBopnJia KceniH AApianoBHt: 

— Bh c^acTJinBaa xenepb... Ceoft KpoB'b naAi) tojiobok), 
caMa ceC'fe xosailKa. Hh BaroHOB'B, hh rocTHHim'b, hh pene- 
THi]^iH... niTpa(|)OB'b, BbiroBopoB'b — HH^ero He snaexel HnKyAa 
-fexaTb He HaAo, hh ToponHTbca,— y ce6a, AOMa... XoTtjia 6n a 
TaKi> noatHTb, xoTb nepoA'b cMepibio... 

Kcenia AApianoBHa ch HacM-femjiHBOft ne^ajibio noKanajia 
roJiOBOlJ. Ona xox-fejia B03pa3HTb hto-to, mo^ot'l 6HTb, coo6- 
ujiHTb, KaK'b MHoro AOJiroB'b nojiy^eHo eio B'b nacjitACTBO h 
KaKT) Henpo^Ho ea (|)eoAajibHoe Moryuj;ecTBo. Ho, pasAyMaBb, npo- 
MOJi^ajia, a nocjit, myTa, saM-feTHJia Anna MoAecTOBnt: 

— EAHHOAymie y nacb ct> OjinMnoM-L HnaHOBHHieM'B! Oni) 
BoCpoBCKOM'b yfesA'fe, BH co6cTBeHHHMi> KpoB'b. . BpocaJlTe onepy, 
ofisaBOAHTecb kpobomt>. ByAeie OjiHMny HBanoBH^y oryp^HKH 
COJIHTb, KBacb A'feJiaTb... 

— KyAa y^T)! JlerKo cKaaaTb... Ha hto mh cb hhm'b lenepb 
npnroAHH? MaKCMMi) HHKOJiaeBH^'b — apxncT'b ne ^exa naMb, a h 
TOMy HerA* npHCTponibca... 

— Ax'b, Aoporaa!— noAXBaTHjia XpHCTHna JlbBOBna:— ^to 
CAtJiaaocb Cb MaKCOM^! 



12 PyOOSOB BOrATOTBO. 

— CJiHmajia ^, eme bhmok)... IIomaTHyjicfl rojioci? 

-T EcjiH 6h TOjibKO nomaTHyjicn! H He ysHaiD MaKca, ny, 
npocTo He ysHaio! KaKi* xapaKxep-b y Hero HcnopTHJica, bjioC- 

HU^ CTaJIl*, daBHCTJIHBKfl... 

— MaKCb? 3aBHCTJiHBHft? OhT) — ^raKofl AoCpoHtejiaiejibHtifl, 
8T0 H BparH ero npHBHaBajiH... 

— Bc-fe MH AofipomeJiaTejibHH, noKa xoponio naMii caMHiitf 
H K'B TiMT), Koro CHHTaeMi) HHMce cefiH. A He Aafl Bor"b— nepe- 
MtHflTCH poJiH, TorAa H MH fltjiaeMCH HBHMH. HH^ero 0Tb npejK- 
Haro MaKca ne ocTajiocs, Aoporaa: b-b KOHeqT> copeajica! CKy- 
maJia MocKBa 6'fejiOKaMeHHaa. Bon> TeO-fe h HMaepaTopcKie 
Teaipbi! A KaK-b pBaji^a, KaKi* mejiaji-b... 6hjio pa^H ^ero... Ha 
HMnepaTopcKyro xopomo hath ci> HMeneM-b, h Cb TaKHM'b Hwe- 
HCMb, ^to6h Te6a CTeperjiH, oCeperajiH. He to — xy^ce KaaKana, 
Aa eiu.e bI) MocKBt: TeaTp'b-MaxHHHm;e, a Te6a h bI) xboctb, h 
B'b rpHBy, BO Bcb CTopoHti!.. Ho HeTHpe paaa Bb M'fecau;'b IIpo- 
poKa H'feji'b! He c^HTaa ApyrnxTi napTili. A ceK^acb... Boi'b no- 
CTOfiTe, sacTaBJiK) ero npon'feTb, yBHAHTe. 

Kcenia AApianoBHa noMopii];e.iiacb. 

— He Ha.^o! — oTKasajiacb ona cb co6oji'63HyK)iu;HM'b Hcny- 
roMTi. — Ho^ajiyticTa, ne sacTaBJiaflTe, He naAo. 

— Ha 3HMy AO CHX'b nop'b y Hero anrajKeMCHTa niiTb. Bhjih, 
Aa KanpHBHH^aeTb, Bce nenojixoAamie! Hto cb erwl 6yAerb, 
yMa He npnjio^cy. CaMOJiroOnBHlJ, CajioBaHHHft, c^b HopoBOMi)... 
npHBHK'b Kb oBai^iaM-b! HoKa euxe TyAa-cioAa... BceTaKH MapKa, 
apTHCTb HMnepaTopcKHXTj. y KapaKaTOBa SHMHifl cesoH-b u'feji'b, 
ycJioBia— HyAHHa; a nocji'fe KapaKaTOBi), KaK'b pacKycHJiT), ^yTb 
BOJiocH Ha ceO'b ne peajib! H mh B"b cocbeTB nanjiaKajiHCb... 
HocHMca Cb HHM'b, HOHaTHo. Ha a(|)Hmax'b B'b Kpacnyio cipoKy: 
apTHCTb HMnepaTopcKHX'b, apTHCT-b HMnepaTopcKHX'b... A btotti 
HMnepaTopcKiK — TaKHM'b kosjiomI) A^perb! nocjitAHifi cneKTaKJib, 
Bb TanrefiBep'b... aa nero, Aoporaa, 6hjio cthaho. B'b nyCjiHRi — 
ToabKo neperjiHAHBaioTca... B'b PocTOB'fe na Jlfiuy niHKajiH! B'b 

CaMCOH'fe MH ySR-b BaMHJIH, 6yAT0 He SaM'feTHJI'b HHKTO, a OH-b 

ApoHCHTb Becb... caM'b, KaKb 6e3yMHHft... Fjiaaa... ny, coBep- 
meHHo AHKie! Ho h ntji'b ;Ke... „I^ajiHJia! H Te6a jw6jijo\ 0-(5o- 
^a-H)!" A y caMoro: Ky-Ka-pe-e-Ky! 

— Hec^acTHHtt! 

— AjieKcia AjieKcfeeBHHa — npaMO BOBHenaBHA'feJi'b. A H-feMb 
AiieKcM AjieKC'feeBH^'b BHHOBaTb? V AjioKcfea AjieKC'feeBH'ia ro- 
jioci> HeTponyTH^... Hy, annjiOAHpyioT'b, koho^ho... B'b Haaqax'b 
fla bis... a MaKCb Rdiy ce6a BHCKaKHBaerb! 3a cepenaAy. 

XpHCTHHa JIbBOBHa pascKasHBajia o nopBaHHOMii rojiocfe 
MaKca, CMaKya KajKAoe cjiobo, gi> sJiopaACTBOM-b saypaAHocTH, 
paAyromeftca TOMy, hto kto-to, CToaBmifl necpaBHHMo BHme h ea 
oaMoft, H ea AjieKcia AjieKcbeBH^a, BApyr-b cnyciHnca c^b bk- 



nBPBAl PASCB'&TOUl. 13 

coTH, H cnycTHJicfl, MO»cerb 6HTb, HH»ce Xphcthhk JIbbobeh Cb 
AjieKO'beM'b AjieKcfeesH^ieMTb. 

— Hec^acTHHtt-To ohi> Hec^acTHHK, — npo;toji«ajia ona, C)kh- 
MaA ryfiH, — mh* TO«e atajib ero, wpora^! CepAenHO acajib, 
KaK-B He sKajitTb... Ho HaAO ace a ^ecTB SHaTb. He Oepncfa, ecjiH 
He MOHceinb, ne OTHHMaft y Apyraxb... AjieKcM AjieKcfeeBH^'b — 
npH ero AaHHHXi* — h na BTopoM'b njiani? 9to yme KaK'b KOMy 
noBeserb... A MaKCb... HejibSii ate, b'b caMOMij jx'hjihy jiisTb 
HanpoJioMi), Ha^o npHMHpHTbca. Borb — bh. /]|o6poBOJibHO ymjiH, 
ceKnacb ^e, a pasBi BSihVb JierKO Onjio? 

— JJfi, axo o^eHb THMcejio. 

XpHCTHHa JIbBOBfla 6e3i^epeM0HH0 Kacajiacb caMoro OojiBHoro 
M-fecTa KcemH AApiaHOBHH. Ho Kcenia AApianoBHa BHAepJKH- 
Bajia HcnmaHie Cb caMOoOjiaAanieMi). Ona npoH3HecJia: „Aa, 8to 
Taacejio!" noHTH CeacTpacTHo, KOHCTainpyH HajiH^HOcib Oojih 
06'beKTHBHO, cjioBHo Bonpocb Kacajics xoth h en jiH^aaro ropa, 
HO TaKoro, KOTop(5e y^e CAano B'b apxHRi* BocnoMHHaHifl. A 
XpHCTima JIbBOBHa vjiajx'hjia. na Kcemio AApianoBHy c^h npo- 

HHKHOBeHHOOTbK) OHHTHarO HaTypaJIHCTa, nHTJIHBO Ha6jiH)Aaio- 

iij,aro i^iHHoe HBJieHie. Be3^epeM0HH0CTb Xphcthhh JlbBOBHti 
BOBce He HCKJiioqajia ci> ea cTopoHti Aaace CHMnaiiH K'b xoaaKKt 
;i;oMa. XpncTHea JIbBOBHa Jianib ne Morjia oxKaaaib ceC'fe B'b 
yAOBOJihCTBin nofiojibH'fee KOJibnyrb 6JiH5KHaro HMenno B'b aa- 
doJi'feBmee m^cto, BarjiaayTb, KaK'b nepenocHT'b CjiHaceia cbok) 
6oab, a noTOM'b y;K'b roiOBa (5HJia noconyscTBOBaTb h yi'femHTb 

AOfipHMb CJIOBOM'b... 

CaMOo6jiaAaHie Kceflin AflpianoBeH noAsaAopHBajio XpncTHHy 
JIbBOBHy, H ona noAOapajiacb Bce rayCme h rjiy6me K'b caa- 
GuM'b cxpyHKaM'b npiaTeabHHi^H: 

— FoBopHTe „Taaceao", Aoporaa? Hy, KaK'b aeTaaceao! ^a^rro 
Aiaaib?.. KorAa aaAO cnacoBaTb, nacyemb... A MaKCb ne npn- 

^HaeTb Heo6xoAHMocTH... He xo^eib BsraaHyxb B'b raaaa cBoeny 
noao5KeHiK). Xoxa... tojibko axo MemAy aaMH, Aoporaa, — MHi^ 
Kaateica, y Hero ecTb KaKie to bhau. He AyMaex'b an owb Hac^ei'b 
aHTpenpH3H, BM'fecT'fe Cb BaMH, Aoporaa? YacacHO HacTaaBaji-b 
•fexaib KT> BaM-b, Ooabme Bcfex-b... bo hto 6h hh cxaao! H Bce 
pascnpaniHBaji'b o Bacb, o BameM'b nacahACTB'fe. Oh'b, KaK'b 6yAT0, 
HaA'feeTca na ^to-to... To ecTb, aio Moe npoAnoaoacenie, Moe 
Bne^axa'feHie, ho... 

Kcenia AApianoBaa cyxo BoapasHaa: 

— He 3Haio, Ha ^to MoaceTT) naA'fcaTbca MaKCHM'b HnKoaae- 
BHH'b? ^TO npomao, Toro ne OyAexb. H— cKoabKO noMHHXca — 
MaKCb HHKorAa ne 6uJii> pascnexanBHM'b. 

— Hy, He oAHH'b ace pasc^ex'b, Aoporaa! HpeacHaa... KaK'b 
8X0? — He pmaB'feexb? Ho a noaaaa Bacb, Aoporaa! 0, a xoace.., 
Mory CoroTBopHXb MeaoB'feKa, ho ecjin oh'b, xotb na MaHyxy, 



14 PyOOEOl BOFATOTBO. 

upeAao^ejn> flpyryro— OHt yMHpaerb jiJia MeHn! Hjih h h hhkto, 

HJIH BCfe, BO He H... Y MeHfl TOHte... 

KoeHiH AApiaHOBHa eaxiiypHJiacb^ xojioaho noBejia njieiaMH 

H, He OTB'feTMB'B, BarOBOpHJia Cb AHHOft MOAeCTOBHOfl npHMa- 
AOHH'b ROBaHbRO. 



XL 

3a oCiAOM'b orb nepeKpecTHUx'b inyTOKi> h BocKJiHqamfl y 
Ilexpa HjibH^a myMtjio bi* rojioB't. 

9to 6ujrb He paaroBopii, a HecMo.iKaeMUft tomohi*, nacio 
sarjiymaeMHfi pacKaxHCTHMi* eacoMi OjiHMna IlBaHOBH^a. 

MaKCHM'b HHKOJiaeBH^'b h ceroAHH AepjKajicH MOJi^ajiMBte 
ApyraxT,. KorAa JKe OH'b roBopHJiij, Bb ero iiojiyTOMHoli, nojiy- 
KOKeTJiHBOtl MHHt CKB03HJia CojibHiaa HsOaJioBaHHocTb o(5iu.aro 
jiroCHMi^a, npHBHKmaro BoaOy^Kflaib BHHMa^ie K'b KaacAOMy, 
npoHSHOCHMOMy HM'b, cjiOBy. XpHcrHHa JIbBOBHa HasbiBaJia ero 
MaKCHKOM'b H 6e36o5KHO JibCTHJia eMy TOHOM'b jiH)6Hiu;e{l ciap- 
mefl cecTpH, KOTopaa xoTa h nociapine fipaia, ho eiii.e h caMa 
MOJiOAa. TeHopi) npHHHMaji'b en KOMnjiHMeHTH 3a HHciyio mo- 
Heiy, CMOTp'feji'b Ha en JiecTb, KaK-b na npHHomeflie cJitAyeMOft 
eMy AaHH. CaM0jiK)6HBb[f!, HeyMHH^, paBHOAyniHHfl ptmHTejibHO 
KO BceMy, ^To He Kacajiocb ero jihhho,- OH'b Kaaajicn Ilexpy 

HjIbHHy HHITOHtHHM'b. B^b 9T0M'b «MaKCHK'b» He OTHCKHBanOCb 

HH^ero i^iHHaro, KpoMt ero, A^flCTBHTeJibHo, piAKOtt KpacoiH. 
H TOJibKo, KorAa Tenopi) saAyMbiBajicn, nojiaraa, hto na nero 
He CMOTpar-b, jihi^o ero CTaHOBHjiocb 6ojite oAyxoTBopeHHtiM'b, 
OjiaroAapH oTpameHiro peCHHecKOfl AofipoiH ii KaKott-To rjiyCoKO 
BaTaoHHofl nenajiH. 

npnnoMHHaH acHHft naMeK'b Xphcthhh JlbBOBHti, IleTpi. 
HjibH^'b He Morij npocTHTb KceniH AApianoBH-fe ea BH6opa. 
XoTa KceHia AApianoBHa Cb noaBJienieM'b OpaBypno -myMHO^ 
KOMnaHiH H'feBAOB'b caMa HeMeAJienno Biiajia B"b o6in,ifi pasBasHO- 
BecejiHtt Towh, 3aroBopHJia noBHmeHHorpoMKO, nasHBaa no- 
CTopoHHHX'b j^y^K^HH'b „rojiy6HHKaMH", HO Bce sKOB'bHeft 6hjio 
HTO-TO CBoe, BHA'fcJi'HBniee ee hbT) btofo 6jiH3Karo eft o6mecTBa. 
HepeATj Be^epoMi* XpncTHna JlbBOBaa npnciajia K'b Tenopy: 
— MaKCHK-b! Bh AOJimHH cii'feTb. Jl^na KceniH AApianoBHH. 
y nea ^yAecHHft poajib, a aKKOMnaHHpyio... wCM-feftca, naaui'b", 
MaKCHK-b? Hjih apiw FepMana... FepinaHa, TepManal Kcenia AApia- 
HOBHa, Aoporaa, KaKie y nero OTrfeHKH b-b FepMaH'bl OrAaft Bce, 
H Majio... 9to: „CeroAHa— th! a aaBrpa— al^—HenoApa^aeMO. 
A ^rro 3a 6e3ma6aniHOCTb! „Hto nama 5KH3Hb? Hr-pa! TaK-b 
6pocbTe ^e 6opb6y! JiOBHxe**... MancHK'b! MHjiHft? JI,jir KceniH 
AApianoBHti? 



niPB^^'E PASOBftTOlCE. 15 

Kcem^ A;ipiaHOBHa, OAHaRO, He noj^^epHcajia npocbCu. Ona 
;;a3Ke nonuTajiacb oCjier^niB MaKCHKy oTcrynjieHie: 

— TicHo y MeHH... M^rKofi MeCejm mhofo, hotojiok'b hh3- 
Kift. KaKoe n'bHie npn TaKoiifB peaoHancfe? 

Ho XpncTHHa JiBBOBHa HacTaHBajia Ha cBoeMii; MaRCHMii 
HHKOJiaeBH^'b, noA'B KOHei^T>, corJiacHJicfl: 

— Jlflsi KceHiH A;ipiaHOBHH? — noBTopHjn> ohi> aaraflo^HO. — 
Tor^a a caoio „MHHyjia CTpacTb*... 

— MaKCHK'L, MaKCHKl>! MHJIHfl... 

OjIHMaT) HBaHOBH^t HeO^HAaHHO BHCTynHJnb COIOaHHKOM'b 

KceHiH AApiaHOBHH h noAAepacaJit ©-« naMipenie copBaxb 
npeACToamiit KOHi^eprB. 

— Mn-Hy-jia CTpa-a-acTb!— aaAypannjicH oHTb, KOMH^ecKH- 

BUCOKO BUBOAH HOTH. 

H nuji-h efl TpeBO)KHbiJi... 

— OjiHMH'b HBanoBH^'bl noMOji^HTe. 

— y>Ke He MyHHTb cepAua Moerol 

— OjIHMH'b HBaHOBHH'b!! 

Oh'b 6pocHJica Ha uojrb, Kb HoraM'b Xphcthhh JIlbobhm h 
noTpacb KyjiaRaMHi 

— Ho pa3;iK)6HTb Te6H MHt HeaosMOHCHo! 

Ho Cb nOUIJIOfi }KH3HbI0 CJIHTbCH HC Mory H... 

OcTajiacb Ta Hce... npe}KHHH ;iK)6oBb! 

— Ciapaa ntcHal-cMiacb, CKaaajia KceHLa A^piaHOBHa. — 
y»ti> ecjiH n'bTb CTapHHy, to cb coxpaneHieirb CTHJia. Ectb npe- 
CTapHHHHK poMaHCB, MOTHB-b BoceMHaAu;aTaro BtKa... nOublions 
nous... oublions nous!" He noeie, MaKCHM-b HHKOJiaeBH^'b? 

Tenepb h y nea Guji-b MHoroaHa^HTeJibHo-aaraAOHHHfi xoH'b. 

— TaKoro ne SHaio! 

MaKCHMii HHKojiaeBHH'b cepAHJica. Bhaho 6hjio, hto KceHia 
AApiaHOBHa oCHHaKOM'b CKaaajia Tenopy H'two oOHAHo-AocaAHoe, 
H TCHop'b noHaji-b ee, h He Morb CKpHTb nenpHBH'iHoe orop- 
Heme. 

ntnle He cocToajiocb. 

Bm'&cto HeA'i^H apTHCTH npoacHan bb Bhcorhx'b JS;y6B.Yb 
ABtnaAi^aTb AHeH. Kcenia AApiaaoBHa 6Hjia paAyniHofl xosafi- 
Roa, HO MHHyTaMH Heip-b HjibH^'b BaMinaji'b, hto eft, cb ea 
yTOMJieHHHMH HepBaMH, He noA'b CHJiy pojib rocTenpiHMHOfi no- 
MtiDiHi^bi. Ona HOBOJiBHO TaroTHJiacB myMHHMH ApyBbaMH, Heo6- 
xoAHMOCTbH) FJiaAi^Tb Ha BMTbf yroiii,aTb etl, pasroBapHBaTb 
Cb HHMH. B^b TaRia MHHyTu oaa^ B'kpno, Menxajia o CBoeMB na- 
pymeHHOM'b OAHHO^ecxB-fe... 



i^ PyOCKOl BOrATOTBO. 

IIoAOcn'j^ji'b jienb on>'bdAa. 

II'i^BqH padM'kiiiiajiHCb b-b npe^cHeM'B nopA;i[R'i^ bi> (|)aaTo-^ 
Haxi), BuaHcaHHux'b co CTaHqie. SBynajm noi^'bjiyii, BocmiHi^a- 
Hia, co»eajitHi)]. KceniH AjotpiaHOBHa CTo^Jia Ha xpant bobjiI^ 
BKHnaatett, ^iJIy«cI> to cb rfeMi), to cl flpyrHMt hbT) rocTetf. 
IIpHGjmsHJicfl Ri* He^ h MaRCHMi> HHROJiaeaH'i'B, on^Tb Qesiy 
mjianu, cl rjiyfioRO-no^rrHTejibHOfi MHHOft. 

— HpomaKTe!— yRopHBHCHHO npoHBHecL owb. Fjiaaa era 
BBrjianyjiH cb ne^ajibK). — MoaterB, He yBiiAHMCH... He noMHHattTe 

JlKXOWbl 

— IIpomaflTe, rojiyC^HR'bl— no-TOBapHimecRH OTBtonjia Kce- 
Hia A^piaHOBHa h noi^'bJiOBajiacb cb BViWh^ RaKX co bcj^mh. 



HepeAij HjiBHHHM'b AHeMB RB oTi^y Hjibt npitxajiB 6paTT> 
MaTyiHRH, CeMeHB CTenaHOBH^rb MocrhtcrIK. 

Jn.ocji'hjiBi^ pasB offb tocthjib bb BticoRHX'b ^yCaxB JiiiB 
;tBtHaAi^aTB naaa^'B cb ^Reaoio, Mapbett HHROJiaeBHOfi, MOJi^a- 
JiHBoK, xojiOAHO-cflepHcaHHofi H CeBAixHOtt aceninHHOtt, ROTopaa 
Raaajiacb ne to aaHocHHBoil, He to HeffOBOJibHOft, ho CRpHBaro- 
mefi cBoe HeAOBojibCTBo. Bb nponmoM'b roAy CeMeHB Crena- 
HOBH^B oBAOBiji'B, H Tenepb aBHJica hbb KncjiOBOACRa nocjit 
Hapaana. MocRHTCRitt BHrjiHA'feJi'B MOJiome h 6oAp'fee, h^mb B'b 
npeAHAymi^ apitsA'B. Ohb, cpaBHHTeJiBHO, noxyA*JiB, RaRB-xo 
BHnpaMHJicfl, noATanyjica, na^ajTB o6pam;aTb Oojibrae BHHMama 
fla CBOH RocTiOMH H HapymHOCTb, ciA^K^myK) RaniTaHOByH) 60- 
poAy HocHjiB He npaMoyrojibHHROMT>, RaRB npe^Ae, a ho-moa- 
HOMy, RjiHHoo6pa3HyK), RopoTRO-npHCTpnmeHHyK) Ha noJiHOBa- 
THXB iijieRaxB. JSfiiSRe noxoARa y nero BHAOHSM'feHHJiacB. TorAa 

OHB XOAHJIB CJIOBHO HOXOM, rpySHO, HOMHOrO BB paBBajiKy, 

TenepB srq CTynaji'B JierRo h MOJioAiiieBaTO. 

Ho cjiynaH) npi'bBAa rocTa, nHaa nafl ne bb ROMHarb, a bb 
najiHcaAHHRt, bb CecfeAK*. ^ IlajiJiaAia HaRaeyHt onaTb 6hjib 
cepAe^HHtt npnnaAOR'B, h Boaa't nero Ae^Kypnjia Iloaroca. IleTpB 
HjibHHB CB OTi^OMB Hjibeio pasroBapHBajiH cb Mocrhtcrhm'b. 
OTei^B Hjiba He jik)6hjib mypHHa., H otb Toro, hto bto Chuib 

HMeHHO HejIH)6liMHil pOACTBCHHHR'B, — OTeU'B HjIBH HBB rOCTC- 
npiHMCTBa OTHOCHJICa R'B HeMy cb HpeBBHiafilHOK BtaUIIlBOCTbK), 
rOBOpHJIB MoCRHTCROMy „bh" H „CeMeHB CTenaHOBH^B". 

— SaatHJiHCb, CeMeBTB OrenanoBH^B, na KaBRaaife, mh nacb 
^AajiH, MtAaJin! — cfeTOBajiB OTeqB Hjiba. 

— 3aRajiaJica... HepBti noAroioBJiajiB. 3HMoti BH6opH, ro- 
panaa npcACTOHTB RaMaania. 

— OnaTb BacB BtiOnpaTb CyAyTb? 

— H MCHa, H raacHHX'b... H hjiohobb ynpaBH. H h B'b 
Khcjioboacr* no Bhcorhm'b JlyCdLU-b BBAHxaJiB; H'feTB Jiy^me 



nSPEAl PAdCB^TOHl. 17 

OTflHxa, KaKi B-b :!tepeBHt. Ho jit^enBe! HpHinjiocb BHAep«H- 
BaTb KypcT), a Tenepb yacB h OTaycKy MoeMy CKopo kohoi^Tj. 
Bcero cb Mtcnq'B ocTajiocb... 

— HaAlveiecb 6HTb naSpaHHHM'b? 

— BoBMOHCHo, ^To BuGepyTb. Ho npeAptinaTb aapaH^e He 
Cepycb. HpoTHB'b Mena BHa^HTeJibHaa napTin. 

— Oi^ero TaKi*? 

— XoTHTb npoBecTH cBoero CTaBjieHHHKa. CnHHi^HHa H-fe- 
Koero. Hy, jib. i^muiarb no oceHH cHHTaioTb... xoth 3a Chhh- 
i^HHa ryCepnaTop-b. ^HBopaj^oBHTb. 

— 9t0 Hamb J^HBOpaWBH^'b, HS-b BHCOKHXTb ZtyOoB'b. Mh- 

xaHjTb JlbBOBH^i), noKoftearo JIbBa TlaBJioBHHa cuwb. ^nraJTb 
a Bb „BHp?KeBHXT>", Kor^a HasHa^HJiH... CKa»cHTe! Kto 6h Mor-b 
AyMaxb... \ii> ryCepnaTopH npomejn>?.. 

— H AaJibme no^A^Tb, HejiOBiK'b cb (JyAyimiMi). He SHaio, 
ecTb JiH eMy copoK-b, a y^e ro(|)MettcTep'b. 

— He B-b 0TD[a, BHa^HTb. MM-AAa. Kto 6h noAyMaji-b? Majib- 
HHmKoa jiflAaiAift 6u:rb. H 9Toro ro(|)MeacTepa pasb nyxb aa 
ymH He BHApajii*. y A^AroniKH acHJi'b na KaeHKyjiax'b, y AApiana 
HaBJioBH^a... eme JiHqeacTOM'b. H BHAy^aJi'b ceCt 8a6aBy. KsiKb 
Be^ep:b, nojifitmBTh cb ApyatKaMH Kb nycToft nepKBH h operb, 
HTo ecTb mo^h: „Kto coCjiasHHji'b AAaMa?" 4to6h, BHa^mrb, 
axo oTBt^aJio eny HS-b i^epKBH: Aana! fl ero h npocjiiAHi 
HacHJiy yApaJi-b xorAa,— -a HHEb^e hoah-th?.. 

Ho caMoyBtpeHHo-cnoKoftHOMy JiHiiy CeMena OrenaHOBH^a 
CKOJibBHyjia CHHCXOAHTeJibHaa yjiHOKa. 

— HuH^e He saKpH^ajTb 6h... HpaBOBipHHa, Ha6o»tHHft, 
BOBjit KaOHHeia Mojiejibna ycTpoena. Cii aHajioeMi*. Tenepb 
cpoAH HHxi> npaBocjiaBie B'b moa*. 

Oiei^Tb Hjibfl cypoBO BBrjiaHyji-b na mypHHa. Ho Torb — k 
6esi> 9Toro npe;iocTeperaiomai;'o BarJiHAa — ne npoAOJiMtajrb 
Aajibme. 

— CiaJIO 6HTb, OHIb HpoTHB'b BaCTb? — B0306H0BHJI'b pt^b • 

ryCepHaTopt oTei^-b Hjiba. — HeAOBOjien-b niMTi? 

— He npoTHBTb MeHH JiHHHO, HO... CnHHAHHTi CjiHMte eMy, 
H'bH'b a; oH-b H OKaBHBaerb AaBjienie B'b nojibsy CnnHi^HHa. 
CHHHi^HH'b AJiH Hero — cBoft ^ejioB'feK'b, sKenarb na KHaMtH'i 
KopoMHCJioBOft, ryOepnaTop'b natt nberb y nero aanpocTo... 

— 9to ysKTy Ta-aK'b! CBOft CBoeMy— noneBOJi'fe Apyrb. ry6ep- 
HaTopaM'b HHH'ie BJiacTb Aana KpinKaa... IIojiHOMo^ia y 
Hnxi)... 

— Hy, MH eui,e nofiopeMca. ^o HoBaro roAa mhofo Bpe- 
MCHH. ^TO OHb noA^Jiaerb co cbohmh nojiHOMO^iaMH, ecjiH 3a 
Mena OojibmnncTBO? A ne yTBepAHTb — nirb noBOAa... H 
He 6e88ani;HTHHfl[ a, xoTa 6u h B'b EeTepeyprt. Eme no- 
CopeMca. 

J« 7. OTA-fejiT, I. 2 



18 PyOCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

Hoa^Ke BeHepoM-B neTpi> Hjibhtb HaBiAa^ca Kb Haji- 
jia^iK). 

IlaJijiaAift JiencajTb na KpoBaTH, saKpuB'B rjiaaa^ bI) CTopoel^ 
OTL Hero ApeMajia 3% Rpecji'&, He cnaemaH hombk), nojiK)CH. 
naxjio Ji'^RapcTBOMt, 6hjio xcapKo npH otkpktomi» crh'&. Jlanna, 
sacjioHeHHaa TOHKOft TeTpaAbio bt* nepenjierfe, ocTaBJiaJia kom- 
Haxy B'b nojiycBtrfe, na noAyniKi BnpHCOBHBajica ptsKitt npo- 
(|)HJib najiJiaAiH CB BnajibiMH n^eKaMii. 

— Kto Tyrb? — TpeB05KHo npHnoAHMaacb, cnpocHJi-b HajiJia- 
Aifi Hjn>HHT>, ycjiHxaBmifl marn Opaxa. 

— fl, a... — CKaaaji'B Heipi* Hjibh^'b ycnoKOHTejibHO. — Kslkb 
TeOt Tenepb? Mo^Kerb, oTnycTHXb Hojiiock)? Ona cnnrb, KameTCH... 
He nocnA'feTb jih cb toCoto? 

DojiiocH BCTajia cb Kpecjia, ycjiHinaB'b rojioca. 

— H COBCiMB H He CnJIK)! 

— U'hThy He HyacHo, caacH6o, — no6jiarojiapHJii> UajiJismiQ. — 
nocji-fe AHrHTajiHca mh* Jierne, hh yAyniba, hh 6ojih, a h OAHH'b 
nojiemy, hhtofo. Cjiaeiro... caMii HyBCTByro, KaKB CHJia hsb 
Mena BHXoAHTb. IIocjrfeAHaa... J^hcmb — 6yAT0 AP^MJieica, ho He 
aacHy npn cojiHUi'b, a ho^bk) h BOBce ne chhtch. ^yxb 3a6y- 
Aycb,— TaKB Mena h noAKHHeTB Bcero! Toji^ok-b, BHyipn rat-TO, 
cepjme saCbeTca, h h^tb cna... 

IlajiJiaAifi Hjibhhb npHBCTajiB h chji*^ na KpoBaTH, cnycTHBB 
HorH Ha nojiB. 

— Ckojibko paCoTajTB, roTOBHJica, CKOJibKO BpeMeHH aarpa- 

THJIB, H BCe HH R-B HeMy! — HpOTaHyJI'B OHB CB 6e8HaAe5KH0CTBK). — 

He HaAOJiro .. CjiaOiio, He XBainrB chjih... Baajica 6h th, OpaiB, 
BM'bcTO Mena? a? noHHTafJca. fl Te6t h KHHacRH moh, h bh- 
HHCKH, H CHopoBKy — Bce nepoAaMB... BpocB rjiynocTH, bobbmhcb, 
nopafioTali .. IIotomb caMo no^AeTB. 

— 3a ceKTaHTOB'B BsaTBca? 

— 3y6ocKajiHTB HaAO BC'feM'B MomHo! — paacepAHJica DajiJia- 
Aifi H3B-3a Tona IleTpa HjibH^a. — ^'fejio B-feAb roBopio eMy, syCo- 
CKajiy, a ohb... 

— J^a RaKB me BsaTbca sa ^ymoe jifkJiol 

— 4y-ato-oe? TaR-B y leGa 9to nyofcoe} 

— KoneHHO. Th, AonycTHMB, npeAanB MHCcionepcTBy, c^h- 
Taemb ero Ba^KHHMi), cnpaBeAJiHBHMB jjfkjiowb.., A jiJisi Mena 
OHO— TajiMyAB, cxoJiacTHKa... „CKOJibKO aHrejiOB-B na 6yjiaB0^- 

HOfi rOJIOBKi"... 

IlajiJiaAift Hjibh^b pa3ApaaceHH0 h cb npeaptnieMB Maxnyji'B 
pyRoia. 

— ByAOTB, CyAeTB! IIpeRpacHo! IlycTb h TajiMyAB, h 
„CR0JiBR0 anreJioBB**... H a to: nameji'B cb r^mbI 

IleTpB Hjibhhb h Ilojiioca BtimjiH na rphjibi^o. 

Ha ABopi He 6HJI0 HOHHOfi CB-feaceciH, nojiHHtt Micar^B MeA- 



niPBA'B PA30B«T0M'B. 19 

jieHHo njiHJi'b BBepxy, Opocaa CfijiOBETHft cBtrb na iicToirraH- 

HHfi TponHHKaiiH JtBOp^b, Ha r^B'feTHHKH H EMCapH. 

— Kan's TH no6 jitflHijia, IIo jibdca ! — CKasaji'L fleTpi) HjibHTb. — 

yCTajia Cb HHlTb? 

Owh KHBHyji'B rojioBoft Ha oKHa IlajiJiafliH. 

— HtrB... a He ycxajia. 

XIojincA o^HBHJiacb H Becejio cooSu^njia: 

— Snaemb, mh 0% MaxymKoa noftfleii'b saBipa K-b KceniH 
AApianoBH'fe. IIpHrjiaraaTb na hmhhhhh... 6aTK)mKa xo^erb, 
"qTo6H ona To^ce OtiJia... H AApian-b HaBjioBHTb KaacflHft rojxb 
^HBajiT*. Ona nofifleTb? KaK-b xeCi KSJKeTca? Ecjih 6h npH- 
jnjia... 

— MoHceTT), H npHAerb, He anaro. SaniMT* ona leOt? 

— TaK-b... HflxepecHo. A Mena ona He 3Bajia Cojibme? He 
roBopHJia, htoOh si npHmjia? 

— He BBajia. JljoraAajiacb, hto xefia ne nycKaiorb. 
Uojiiocsi noMOJi^ajia. 

— A rfe aKTepH, KoxopHe y nea mchjih... ohh Becejine? Te64 

BeCeJIO Cb HHMH 6fcHI0? 

Bonpocb CHJi-b npeAJiomeH'b ciy oxsByKOM'b ynpena, ho 
Jlexp'b HjibH^'b He yjioBRJii) aioro. 

— HiiHero... Becejifcie, — nexoxa noAXBepOTJi'b OBiy. 

— H AORxopT) 6yflexi> na HMenHHax-b!— cb saAopoM'b npoBS- 
•flecjia Hoaiocfl, HafliHCb noAApasHHXb Hexpa ttiibHqa. 

nexp'b HjibHH'b cJiaAKo ai^BHyji'b h nocji'fe nayati oxB'fexHJi'b: 

— Hah cnaxb, Oojiioca... Hobaho ynte! 



HMeHHHH oxqja Hjibh 6hjih, no oSHKHOBemio, MHoroji^AHHe. 
^I'b'fexajiocb CL pasHux'b KOHi^oB-b yfesAa AyxoBencxBO cb A'^TbMH 
^ HtenaMH. HtKoxopHe cBameHRHKH npnOHJiH HaKanye'fe cb 
Benepa h cjiy»cHJiH ch oxi^OM'b Hjibeio Be^epHK), a na yxpo 
"Top^ecxBeHHHyH) o6-feAHio. Bt> AOM'fe 6HJrb OTKpuYh napaAHHtt 
iioA'blsBA'B Cb yjinqbr, BcerAa aanepxHtt h aanHJienHHtt; BcioAy 
6ujio xi^CHO H HcapKO, B-b npHxoHcell He xBaxajio Mtcxa ixjia 
BepxHHxib OAeMCAi>. 06'bAeHHHe ctojih rycxo paacxaBHJin bI) 
Bajii H cxojioBOfl; jiJisi MOJioAemn eHJii) OTBeAeHi) oxA'feJibHHfl 
OTOJi'b B'b cocbAHeft CO CTOJioBOfi npoxoAHoli KOMHaxK'b. nexp'b 
iJjibHH'b Cb HoJiioceli pa3BJieKajiH h yromajiH MojioAeasb: 6a- 
pHmeHTj B'b roJiyfiHX'b, KpacHHX'b h poaonHx-b Ko^xo^Kaxi) h 
MOtTTOAHXT,, He wenaxux'b ceMHHapncxoB'b, OKOHHHBmHX'b h ente 
ynamnxca. npncoeAHHHJica K'b mojioao^kh h seMCKift BpaM'b, 
HaBamHHCKifl, He cxapHff, ho o6pocniift 6opoAOft, ciy aaKpyrjien- 
€[HMH rjiaaaMH h npo(|)HJieM'b, nanoMHHaromHM'b coBy. 

€!> yxpa AO Be^epa MHoro iJiH h eme 6ojibme hhjih aa 
^AopoBbe HMeHHHHHKa. CMyrjiaa Bapsapa EBrpa(|)0BHa, — AOHb 



20 pyooKOi BorATono. 

sajKHTO^Haro oTua EBrpa())a,— Gujia ocoCeHHO JiK)6e3Ha cb Iler- 
poMi) HjibH^eMii, a XIojincHy RaR'B 6u bI) nzRy IleTpy MnbH^y^ 
BMKaaHBajia npeAaonreme OopozjaxoMy flOKXopy, h AORTop'b aa- 
M'bTHo TaHJi^b orb ea jiK)6e3H0CTH. BjiH)6jieHHaa B^b AORXopa 
(|)eJibAniepHi:i[a ho npHmJia cobc&m'b, ho KcohIh A;ipiaHOBHa 
^BHJiacb. Oaa aaHHMajia o^ho vi3i> no^eTflKX'b Mtcrb: aa rjiaB- 

HHM'b CTOJIOM'b MOMCAy OmOM-b HjIbOH) H MoCKHTCKHMl>. MOC- 

RHTCRift, He nepecraBaa, pa3roBapHBajii> ci> Heio o»cHBjieHHO h 
cb HHTepecoM'b. KcoHia A^piaHOBHa — bi> MOj^HOMTb njiaxbt hst^ 
ciparo cb ^epHHM'b rasa— OHJia ne xaKaa npociaa, xaR'b BcerAa^ 
a BejiHTOCTBOHHO-npHB fexJiHBaa, HCMHoro Baa«HaH. Ofla — xo^na 
HyBCXBOBajia ce6a B^b nyMtOM'b, He coBci^M'b ApyatecxBeHHOM'B no 
oxHomeniR) Kb Hefi Rpyry, — h Cnjia nacTopoMfb. Fjisijin na nee 
HsaanH, nexp-b HjibH^i> no;iyMaJi'b: aojihcho Caxb, ona npHSH- 
Majia xaRyK) we MHHy h nocxynb, Ror^a HsoOpaHcajia onepHHX'b- 
Ropojiea-b... 

Be^epoM'b HMeHHHfltie rocxH, paaCHBniHCb Ha rpyanH, iihjih 
HaK Cb nocxHJiaMH, sapenbeM-b h ROH(|)eRxaMH. MocKHXcRifli 6iiun> 
H xenepb iioAJii Kceem AflpianoBHH. PaaroBapHBaa cb HHM'b, 
KceHiH A^piaHOBHa noAosBajia ABH^KemeM'b pyRH Ilexpa HjibH^a. 
Ilexp-b HjibHH'b noAomejTb, eo MocRHXcRift eme npoAOJi^Kajix^ 
roBopHXb Z-Mi* ryCepnaxopi, J^HBopaAOBaHt. 

— HenpeMtHHo Kjianaflxecb euy orb Mena, — CRaaajia Kce- 
HiH AApiaHOBHa. — Mh cb HHM'b He xoJibRO RyaeHH, ho h cxa- 
pHHHKe npiHxejiH. CKarnHxe, hxo6h npitBSKaji'b bt> BHcoRie- 
HyCH, RorAa BnaAexb bi> MejiaHxojiiio. KorAa-xo h OAHa Jinmix 
HM-fejia Aapi> paaBJioRaxb ero B'b rpycxH, RaRx JI^aBHA'b Cayjia... 
Ilycxb npitAex-b, ecjiH aarpycxHX'b. H cb Hero 6h eMy?.. Bnpo- 
^ewb, MejiaHXOjiiH, RaRt noAarpa. Ham,e ox'b HsCHXRa, H'feM'b^ 

OXT> APyrHX-b npH'THH'b. 

— A no BHtmHOcxH MnxanjiT* JlbBOBH^'b ne noxoacb h» 
MOJiaHxojiHRa, — B03pa3HJi'b MocRHXCRifl. — JJ.'himejibEuA, AoCpuft.... 
xoponiifl: aAMHHHCxpaxop'b. 

— Mnmejib? AAMHHHCTpaxopi>? 

Ho yAHBJieHHoft HHxonai^iHH no cRenxH'iecRoft yjiHfiR* Kce- 
hIh AApiaHOBHH momcho dHJio 3aRJiK)HHXb, Hxo y Hen coBctM'b' 
HHoe MHfeHie 061* axoMij xopomeM-b aAMnHHCxpaxopt. 

— A Htena ero? — cnpocHJia ona:— Bce ne cb HHM'b? 

— Ofl-b OAHH-b B'b Z. no cjiyxaMB, ne mHBexi> cb acenoio^ 

OHa TA'fe-XO B'b HM'bHiH CBOOMT), HOA'b TaM60B0MT>. 

— ^a, ona Coraxan ;KeHm,HHa. H Raacexca, roBopa no npo- 
cxy, He xonexb acHXb cb MnmejieM'b. Eh h ho bubjo... a OMy — 
nepoAaflxe npHBtxb. 

— IIpH nepBOM'b y;^o6HOMT> cjiy^a'fe. 

KceHiH AApiaHOBHa noBepnyjiacb rt> Ilexpy HjibHqy: 

— Pa3Lini;Hxe mh* moK map(|)i> h sohxhrtj: ycxajia xaR'b..- 



DIPBA'B PASCB'fiTOM'B. 21 

^ejie Ha Horax'b j^epHcycb. niap^-B rut-To Taii-b b-b KOMHaTi y 
IIojiHHH BacHJibeBHH, npHHecHTe, no5KajiyfiCTa. 

MocKHTCKift nomeJi'B npoBO^aTB KceHiio AflpiaeoBHy, a na 
oji^Aviomifl jiewb noCHBSJi'b B'b KpaceoM'b (|)JiHrejA cb bh8k- 

XII. 

IleTpTb HjibHH'B i^tJiHft ACHb 6poflHJi'b ch pyjKbOM'b HO Jitcy, 
M nepeATb se^epoMi* nrejrb aomoAi. B-b nojit aa Bhcokhmh /ly- 

-6aMH -OHTE> BCTptTHJECa CB MoCKHTCKHMTb, KOTOpHfi HaCTO ry- 

jiHjTb sA'i^Gb paAH MoaioHa. 

— OxoTHJicH? — cnpocHJi'b MocKHTCKift, ociaHaBJiHBaii njie- 
^^HHHKa.— H HHTOro He y6BJnyl 

— A'Aa, — OTB'bTHJI'B neTpi* HjIBHq'B HeOXOTHO. MocKHTCKia 

nomeJi'B paAOMT* cb nHMT* no HanpaBJieniiD k-b j^e^eBwh. 

CoJiHi^e caAHJiocb, cxaHOBHJiocb ne TaK-B 5KapK0, KaK-B ahcmtj, 
HO 3HoflHyK) AyxoTy He cMinaji'B pocHCTHa senep-B. flaBHO yace 
He 6HJI0 pocH, BHroptsmie jiyra h cataToe nojie JieacajiH, aa- 
ntijieHHHe, cfepHe. Fa^-to AaJicKo ropijiH Jiica, h BtxepB pas- 
HOCHJi'B noatapHHlt jxuwb no HtcKojibKHMB ry6epHiHM'B. Ottb aa- 
cyxH H OTB BToro H3AajieKa npHJieiaiDn^aro auks, b'b BOBAyxt 
-OTOHJia Mrjia. ^ajiB saBOJiaRHBajio TyManoMi), cojine^HHift ahcrb 
BHCTynaji-B na aanaA* TycKjio-orneHHHM'B mapoiTB Ces'B jiyneit, 
TaK-B HTO Ha Hero MoacHO 6hjio rjiHA^TB CeanpenaTCTBeHHO. 

— KceniH AApianoBHa neHnerb, OT^ero ne aaxoAHniL?— cKa- 

SBJTb MoCKHTCKia. 

— Ha oxoTfe a... 

Geuewb CTenaHOBHHB ocTaHOBEJi-b na njieMHHHHK'fe hchh- 
Tyion^e BonpocHTeJibHult BsrjiflA'B. Ha caMOMTb a'^JI*? Herpi* 
HnbH'i'B noHTH nepecTajii) xoahtb kb Kcenin AApianoBH* ot- 
Toro, ^cro, — KorAa 6h oh-b Tenepb hh aaxoAHJTB b'b KpacHHll 
<|)jiHrejiB,— -nocTOHHHo aaciaBajTB laM'B MocKHTCKaro, n^erojibCKH- 
oA^Taro h Becejio nacTpoeHnaro, — a MocKHTCKia ne HpaBHJica 
HeTpy HjibHHy. CeMeH-b CTenanoBHTB,— hto HasHBaeTCH,— mo- 
jioAHJica; ocoCeHHo cxapajica ohi> noA^epKHyTb cboio MOJiozme- 
BaTOCTb B'b npHcyrcTBiH KceniH AApianoBHH, h 9Ta CM'femHaH 
^epTOHKa aacJioHHJia B'b rjiaaax-B Heipa Hjibn^a ocTajibHHa Ka- 
lecTBa MocKHTCKaro. 

— Ona Bce BcnoMnnaerb, ox^ero ne saxoAHmb, — noBxopnji'b 
MocKHxcKift H AoCaBHjnb:— XoponiaHaceHni;HHa. HpaBAHBaa, npn- 
Maa, HO Ces'b npHMOJiHHettHocxH. 

— A npaMOJiHHeKHOcrb, 8xc — nexopomo? 

Hexp-b HjibEH-B He yjraOajicn, ho HcnHXHBaji'B mejiame yjiH6- 
ByxbCfl. 

— Majio xopomaro. 



23 PTOOKOI BOriTOIBO. 

— A ush HpaBHTCfl npsMOJiHeeBHOCTb. BoJU>m( 

— HlkTb, Tu He Hcinfra.Ti> b6jih3h. IIonpoOoBaj 
saan. Mapb^ HHKOJiaeBHa, seaa hob, — yxaaa 
pan, HO opflHojiHHeBHOOTb Bce nopTHJia. He yirtui 
TaRoS ^ejioB^Ki> jvia scbxii isirocieBV. vhxb Rf 
HHOyAb Aa npHXOAHTCfl DpotqaTb? H RaRi. npere 
a, EonpBu-hpb, n.o C'huuj.-b Bonotrb ae ocrajica 
EweHBBj'THO nepeAt) ToCofl He ncena, a npaBeftHul 
Btflannpll CHHCxoncAema. 3TaBi> no HeaaBHCTH aoQ, 
HOCTb HaTypu, Kone^HO, npeKpacao. Ho iiorifl Bii'bc 
CTHTL. He MoriB— He MomeTL. TepoeBT* aeMHoro. . 
Banrb, npHHivH^nTCH Kt mazna, craHOBHTC^ npairn 
ropo^CTBO fOHomeCKHxi) MeiraHifl He BCeraa... 

— A MH* Kaatercfl, — crpoirrHBO BoapaaHJii. Uerp 
^0 H sa npoKb Bi) 6jiaropoACTB'& MeiiaHia, ecjiu 
M-feHJiTb Ha npaKTHK-ib? HoTOMy, Momerb Chtb. ut 
Tyro H npoxoAflTii bi, ncnsEb, hto vh hhuh oCpaii 
ci TibH'L-TO HeHyacHuui>! OrOuBanrL, KOKh chhhtc 
OtnajTb AaHb HeTraui), cospi^jrb, ciajii> npaKXH' 
CKoplie aa jtbao: ji-feaxb b^ ihhh, HaatHBaih aohi 

HATbCH. 

— MojiOA^ TH eme, — yaHOnyjicfl MockhtckIS, 
ycam. pyKoio. — fl leO* nporeacHpoBaTL coCnpaiocb, 
BeHHHqaemb co hhoh). 

— npOTeflCHpOBBTb? 

Bi roJiocfe riexpa Hjibw^a wmnjajiact Aoca,ia. 

— Cecrpa roBopajia, th ^yMaemb o cjiyafi-b b 

— MaMama noToponHJiacb... a ne p'bmHjrb em 

Bl) fffeaCTBHTejIbHOCTH Hte, IleTpTi HjIbH^T. p^D 
maibOJi Kli MoCKHTCROUy CI> npocbOoll KaKOS' 

atHOCTH BT> Z. BcTb JiBOAH— H HacTO flaace ne sjiat 
KpoBeeao-aroBCTHiecRie, — y Roiopux^ Taatejio 
Cu TO HH Oujio. TaKHuii HejiOBtROM'b Rasajicfl n 
MocKHTCKifl npH Oojite (SJiaaKOMX SHaKOMCTBt. P 
HJibH^i) BHaJli MocKHTCKaro CoJibme no pascBaaa 
HAeajiH3HpoBajii. ero, renepb HfleajiHSainH ne oct 

— Ptmafl, BpoMa TepoHTb, — cnoKoaHo npoHj 
CrenaHOBHi'b. — Y uena bi ynpaB* OyAerb irfec 
oeft'iac'b. He cboCoaho eme. A m^cto — npHJiH^Ho 
ceKpeiapfl... TenepemHift ceKpeiapb bt. laxoTK-fe; n 
AycL, Be npoTflHen. AOJiro, HHKaKi. ge AaJibrae 
xoiemb, HannmH AOKjiaAHyio. H bi. oJiyia-fe lero 
XOAt- 

— BjiaroAapio Bac?b,— xoaOAHOsaTO OTB-feTHJii E 

— Aji^iHJiyia ntrb, Bna^HTb, ne HMiemL npc 
^aeiCH oreqi. HjibJi? A MaTb — aa xeOa. Ona ao c 



nBPB;^ FA80B«T0Hl. 28 

ijTb y Bacb ceMHHapHcrb KaKOft-TO nycTHJi'b 0664 uysao wh 
jioOx HaKEHynt nocTpHateniH? Cecxpa 8Toro 8a6uTb He MoateT'B... 
JJfi Toro Hanyrana, — cana sa tcCa xoAaxaftCTByerb. Ho noHeny 
TH He B-B yHHBepcHTeTi? 

— TaK'b-. 

— HaxoAHHiB, ^To cjiy»c6a Jiynme? 

— He jiynme, a... 

HeTp-b HjCbHTb saMHJICH. Ont BHJt'fejI'b, HTO MoCKHTCKitt BH- 

GHBaeT-B ero Ha paaroBop-b, KaKi* na BKsaMen'b, aacTaBJiaa bh- 
CKaaaTbCH 6e8i> ocxaiKa h nojiaran, hto AOCTHrnyxb axoro mohcho 
jierKO H Cucrpo. Heipy HjibH^y He xorfejiocb aKaaMena: chm- 
Boai ero B-tpoBaHift bo MHoroM-b 6ujrb HeHceH-b eme h jiJia. 
Hero caMoro, jsjbl h oOnacajia ero xa neaaMacKHpoBaHHOcxb, cb 
KaKOH) CeMeH-b CienaHOBH^'b xoxtji-b xoaaflHH^axb B'b Ayni* 
njieMHHHHKa, cHHxan axy ;iyniy Hecjioatnofl h, uom&rh 6HXb, 

MeJIKOt!. 

— TaKb XH 8a npHMtHOHie Me^xania kt> 5KH3HH? — cnpocHJi'b 
MocKHxcKiiJ, He Aom;taBmHCb oxBtxa. — A-a... SHa-aemb Fexe? 

— Majio... 

— HanpacHO. BeJiH^aamifi noaxi)! MipoBoli. KaKoft ywb: 
acHHfl, xpesBHW, rjiyCoKiit. PaBHOBtcie ziymn, SHame ^ejioBtne- 
cKaro cepAaa— HsyMHxejibHHH... H 8xoxt> Fexe roBopnxTb... 

CeMeffb CxenaHOBH'i'b BuroBopHJi'b H'bcKOJibKo cjioB'b no-H'b- 

MeUKH, HO, BCnOMHHB'b, HXO Hexp-b HjIbHH'b Bp^A'b JIH CB'feAyiAl* 

B'b H'feMei^KOM'b asHK'fe, nepe6HJi'b caMoro ce6«: 

-^ Ho pyccKE axo xaK'b 6yflexT>: ^Hoai* xpH^axb jArt pac- 
HHHaTb 6h MenxaxejiH KasKAaro naflo: CBtxoM'b h MCHSHbio o6Ma- 
HyxHti, cxaHexi>, naB'bpHo, oh-b njiyxT>**... 

— He KaacAHfl, — CKa3ajn> Hexp-b HjibKHi*. 

— H en^e ecxb y fexe: „HaAo BHCHXbca HJib na^axb, finxb 
MoryHHMTb HJiH cjia6HMi, MOJioxoMi, HJib HaKOBajibHeft...** Hjih 
xo, HJIH Apyroe: cepeAHHH H'fexi>. 

Hexpi HjibH^'b Hyxb ycMixnyjica. 

Ohh BomjiH B'b AcpeBHK). BHcoKie J}j6bL 6hjih KpaCHBO OCBi^- 
meHH MajranoBo-poBOBHM'b oxcB'fexoM'b saKaxa. Ha aanaA* ciHJia 
cHJiomHaa nojioca Kpacnaro h poaonaro oxxtHKOBb, oxCjiecK'b 
oxT> hoh naAajiTb Ha cejio, npeBpamaa Bci npeAMexH B'b po30- 
BHe. TojibKo AfttUeKO na BocxoKi ocxaBajiocb ne nopoaoB'bBniHM'b 
CHHe-cfepoe He6o <yb paBOpocannHMH no homb CtjifciMH o6jia- 

RaMH. 

— A AOKJiaAHyio sanncKy xu, ecjm xo^emb, cocxaBb ao Moero 
oxij'feBAa,— HanoMHEJi-b CoMen-b CxenanoBH^'b, MBHOBaBi* luiaA- 
6Hme. — H BOBbMy cb co6oro. 

— Xopomo, — corjiacHJiCH Hexp-b HjibHHb Bce eme neyBt- 

POHHO. 



L4. 



24 P700KOB BOrATOTBO. 

Bo BTopoft nojiOBHH'fe aBpyoTa, — nocjit Toro, KaK'B ytxajit 
MocKHTCKiflt, — nomjiH npojiHBHLie aoskjie. BHcoKie Jl;y6u aaae- 
jieH^jiH HaHOBo. noRopo6jieHHHe, co2K»eeHHHe sacyxo^, jihctbh 
o6jieT'&JiH CB A^peBbeBX noA'B nepBUMH aohcahmh. 3a to Bce, 

HTO yDl'fejrtjIO OTT> 3H0H, npHHHJIO apKlfi, COHHHll BH^t noBAHflro 

pacL^B'j^Ta. IIosejieH'J^ii Jiy6u, ojibxh, tohojih, vlb'l scmjih noA- 
HHJiacb 6apxaTHGTaH TpaBa, saHcejiT'bjiH sapocjiH no oceHHOMy 

HH3K0p0CJI0it JIbBHHOtt naOTH, aai^B^JTb nJIOCKitt M KpyrJIHft DIB*- 

TOKb rojiyCoro i^HKopia. 

HajiJiaAifi HjibH^t xBopaji-b. 

HpHnaAKH TO npoxoAHJiH, to BoaoOaoBJiaJiHCb; AOKTop-b na- 
B'Jbm;a]i'b ero BC^KiSt A^Hb h npeAnHcuBaji'b noROt!, KaK'B mohcho 
Cojibme noKoa. IlajiJiaAifit corJiacHjica ne yfea^aTb nat AOMy ao 
Tixi) nop-b, noKa ne BoscTaHOBHTca ero SAopoBbe. Ho SAopoBbe 
He BOBCTasoBJiajiocb, H OTeu,T> HjibH nocjiaji'b IleTpa HjibHHa bT) 
N— npHBesTH AOMoft CnfijiioTeKy h Beiij,H 6paTa. 

neip-b HjibH^i) onaTb BanacTHJi'b B-b KpacHHft ^jiKvejih hh- 
TaTb raaeTH h KHHrn Kcenm AApiaHOBH*. fljia nero BpeMa 
leKJio MOAJieHHo: ohi> hchji-b b-b oacHAaHin ash, KorAa Mockht- 
CKift no30Berb ero bI) Z. — sa cjiymOy. B-b Ha^ajrb cenrafipa 
npHrpijio cojiHAe; xojiOAHHe aomcah CTaJiH noTenjiM, noaBHJiocb 
MHoro rpnCoBTb, oco6eHHo rpySAefi. BjiamHHe h CKOJibSKie, ohh 
xpynKO JiOMajiHCb hoab HoraMH, npHKpHTue CBepxy pasMOKinHMH 
npomjioroAHHMH jiHCTbaMH. 06jiaKa Ha acnoM-b neOt ^acTo pac- 
iXBi^HBaaHCb TOMnHMTb yaopoMi* naC'feraBniHX'b Ty^i), npoHO- 
CHaca CTyAeHHll BtTep'b, ho cKBosb Ty^H iiporaaAHBajio coaHi^e, 
H onaTb A*JiaJiocb Tenao. 

Gt> yTpa Kcenia AApianoBHa npncaaaa IleTpy HabH^y 3a- 
HHCKy, npoca ero noHaBtAaTbca. IleTp-b HabH^'b nomea-b h 
BCTp'feTHa'B KceniBo AApianoBHy b'b napKt, neAaaeKo OT'b AOMa. 
Ona Cnaa ^'feM'b-TO osaCoHena, Moa^a nosAopoBaaacb c'b riei- 
poMi) HabH^eMi H Moana nomaa paAOM-b ci> HHM'b, yAaaaacb 
BraySb napKa. IIoTOM-b aacM'feaaacb, HsyMaoHHo noacaaa nae- 
^aMH H coo6mHaa, co CBoefi o6H^flofi npocTOToft, 6e3Ty npeAH- 
caoBifi: 

— y MBfla roaoBoaoMHaa hoboctb! J^yMaio, AyMaio... He 3flaK), 
^TO A'feJiaTb. Bani-b AaAa npeAao^na-b mh* cTaTb Bamef! Te- 
TeHbKOi!! ^ro bh na bto cKameTe? Xothtc Chtb MoiiM-b naeMan- 

HHROMl)? 

HeTp-b HabHH'b paacMiaaca orb neosKHAaHHOCTH. HpoAao- 
jKenie noacnaoro MocKHTCKaro noKaaaaocb eMy, npeacAe Bcero, 

KOMHHeCKHM'B. 

— H-feT-b, cepbesHO... KaK-b no BamoMy? Hto aa neaoB'feK'b 
BaniTb A^A^^ 

Towb aToro Bonpoca h KaKoe-TO, — ho BnoaHi acHoe, ho na- 
^ymeeca ocHOBaToabHHM'b,— cooCpasKenie noACKasHBaao HeTpy 



HBPlAl PA3CBN0HT>. 25 

HjibHHy, HTO KceHia AflpianoBHa othochtca kte* CBoeMy Bonpocy 
cepLesHO. H xora Ilexpy HjiBHHy npeAJiomeme MocKHTCKaro 
npoAOJiJKajio RasaTBCH cM'bmHUM'B, ho ohi^ y»ce He cm'^hjich h 
HeonpeA'fejieHHO OTBiTHJib: 

— Si Ceiiena CxeuaHOBma hohth ne BHaro... IIpeMCAe Majio 
BCTp'J^HajiCJi cb EKWhy H cdiWb 6ujrh ueLJUb. A TeaepB... To;Re 

OHTb He BHaCHHJICH JlflH MCHH. KaKl) Oy^lTO, AijIOBOtt. BtpHO, 
yMHHfl. 

— fltjioBoflt — eme He yMHH]a,— BoapasHJia Kcemn Ajipia- 
flOBHa Ba;^yMHHBO. — /t'fejioBofl — CKopte Hacroft^HBHfl, aneprnH- 
HHfi... ypaBHOBibnieHHHflt, ecjiH xothtc. A yMHHtt— ne to. Mo»cho 
<JHTb yMHHM'b h He ^I'fejioBHM'B; flaHce TaKTb Haiuie 6biBaerb. Ohi> 
^e... ero yMi*... ne sHaio... y^cb o^eHB no acHTCtftcKH yMeni! He- 
BecejiHK, jiojimno Ohtb, yiii, paacyAo^HHfi, Jiorn^HocTb bI) no- 
crynKax'b, xo^a^ee caMOCosHanie. He Mory npe^icxaBHTb ero 

BJIIoCjieHHHM'B! 

KceniH A^piaHOBHa sacM'b^JiaGb. 

— He npHBHKJia a TaKi* cMOTptib na aioxi* Bonpocb...— 
CKaaajia ona h 6e3^oMo^^HO pasBejia pyKaMH: — ch tohkh ap'b- 
fliH GjiaropasyMiH, KaK-b ohb roBopHTB. 

Hexp-b HjibH^'b ocxopoJKHo oxoasajica: 

— H h npHBHKaxb ne nHxajicH 6h. 

— XopomO ,BSL}iT> roBopHXbl 

KcoHiH AApianoBHa oaaAaneHHo aaAyMajiacb. 

— H. nnmerb xaK-b... ocHOBaxejibHo! — npoxiiHyjia ona Cb 
flacMimjiHBHMH HCKopKaMH B'b TJiasaxTb. — TaKi) y Hero Bce axo 
no nyHRxaM-b bkhchoho, JiioCo-Aoporo... Bce: h, h, a!.. H o ^u- 
Hancax-b mohxT) njioxflx-b nanoMHHaerb, h nujiKHX'b ^yncxB^ ne 
Tpe6yeTi>... JJfime npomjioe Moe nponj,aexT> BejiHKOAyniHo! y 
Hero axo: „6paK'b no OjiaropaayMiio", Aa MH'fe-xo cxpanHo! He 
npHBHKJia H 6uxb 6jiaropa8yMHO{i. 

Ofla oHHXb noMOJi^iajia B'b pasAyMbH h na^ajia: 

— XOXH... Cb Apyroi! CXOpOHH, Mfffe H B'b CaMOMl) A^Ji* 

cKopo HeKyAa fiyAexTb A^Tbca! Tyx'b-xo owb npaB-b, Ces'b co- 
MffbHia. J^JiH MOHH 3X0 BUFOAHie, H-feMB A^i-^ Hero. A 'ixo eny 
3a KopHCXb — HenocxHHCHMo! He naxoARa. Ho... Tu Tas vuulu, 
George Dandin! Jjjjia yBJienemit — mh o6a cxapti, axo xo^ko xaK^, 
Oes-b coMHtHi^. H xyrb OHb npani). H axy cboio cxapocxb no- 
cxoHHHO ^yBCTByio. ToJibKo noaxH pa3CKa3HBaroxi>: „Ha CKJiOH'b 
HamHX'b AHOit h^mchM mh JiJo6iLWb, cyeBtpHM...**— na ckjioh* 
AHeit He ocxaexca yM^Hba BooCpaacaxb. He HAeajiH3Hpyemb, Bce 

BHAHHIb B'b HCXHHHOM'b CBtxt... Hy, H CMtmHo! 

nexp^b HjibHTb cA'feJiaji'b ycHJiie, ^to6u ho pa3CM'bHXbc^ 
CHOBa. To, Hxo Kceflia AApianoBna KOJieOajiacb, h KOJieCajiacb 
cepbesHo, Cojite cKjioHHHCb kI) yxBepAHxejn>HOMy oxBtxy, Ka3a- 



26 PFOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

jiocb eMy HenpocTHTejibHHM'b MaJiojiymieM'b. Ho MH'feHiK) IleTpa 
HjiBH^a, HOflo 6hjio oTKaaaTb, h oTKasaTb 6e3'b paaziyMbii. 

— BaM^b He HpaBHTca owhl ^HAioaiKa Baim>?— BanofloapHJia 
KceniH A^piaHOBHa — BtflB He npaBirrcii? 

— He TO, ^To He HpasHTCfl, a... ecTb bi HeMii hto-to He- 
npiaxHoe. ItHHHBM'b KaKofi-To! 

KceHin A^pianoBHa noMOJinaJia. 

— I^iiHHBM'b? — noBTopHJia OHa, noAyMaB-b. — A ^to TaKoe 
qKHHSMi)? PacTHHCHMo. TaR-b Bce nepenyraHO KpyroiTb... h TB,Kh 
HejierKo HHorfla ptniHTb, rji-h KOH^aeicH HCKpeaHocTb, a ta* 
HaHHHaeTca i^HHHSM'b. JIfi, H KorAa noacHBenib yme na CB'ferfe... 
Torfla TpyAHO 6HTb nei^HHH^HHM'b... CeMeH-b CrenaHOBHH'b xoTb 

OTKpOBeHHLI&, H© ApanHpyCTCH HH BO HTO. 



XIIl. 

Ha onymK'fe napna noieMHtjio. CojiHUie hc^cbjio cb Ha- 
XMypHBraaroca He6a; hoah^jih KapKanbe BopoHH, npeAB*fem,aH 
6JiH3Kili A05KAb. 3a noJieMT>, bT) toK cToponii, rji'fe TeKJia pli^Ka, 
HaBHCb TyMaBT>, T2iUi> y5Ke Bce 6hjio oxBa^eHO nojiocofl ao^kah. 
BcKopt H Ha HeTpa HjibH^a ynajio HtcKOjibKO Kanejib. Cop- 
Bajica B'feiep'b, aaKa^ajii) Aepesb^, ohh saniyM'fejiH TpeBostHUM'b 
ocennHMi) mjuowh, Hanajic^ AO^kab, rycToJJ h iieJiKif!. OtT) 
A05KAH H BT) KpacHOMi* ^JiHrejii Chjio noJiyTeMHO, no-oceHHeMy 
HenpHBiTJiHBO. Kcenia AApianoBHa npeA^iomnjia HeTpy HjibH^y 
npo^HTaTb BCJiyxi) nHCbiio MocKHTCKaro. neip-b HjibH^i), hb- 
MHoro CMymaacb, Bsajrh nncbMo h nanaji'b HHTaTb cnepna ch 
BanHHKolf, BaTtMi) cnoKofiHie: 

„yBa3KaeMa,H KceHia AApianoBna. H nocTaBHJi'b Bonpocb 

np^MO, BH OTBiTHJIH yKJIOH^HBO, KaK^b 6u myTH, BCKOJIbBb 

ynoMHHaa hto-to o BameMii npomjioMTb. FotobT) noBTopHTb eme 
paai), HTo npomjioe Bame, KaKOBO 6h oho hh 6hjio (o neMTb a 
Aa^e H yBHaBaTb He Rwhm HaMipenia), — j^Jisi Menn fieapaBJiH^OHO. 
Ho Moeny, bT) HacToaiu.eM'b cjiynat Bamno He nponiJioe, a 6y- 
AyiAee; ho aa 6y/iyn;ee, BHpaataacb bi> Bsunewh cmhcji^, a 
CHJi-b 6h BHOJiHi noKoen-b: bh npHHaAJientHTe kT) HHcjiy rfex'b 
meHiu;HH'b, kotophmt> mohcho AOB'bpHTbCH OoB'b cTpaxa h orjiaAKH. 
Ho ocymecTBHMO jih Moe npeAJiomenie o^b Bameft tohkh spi- 
msil 3to OeanoKOHTb Mena 6ojibnie Bcero ocxajibHoro. Ecjih h 
He BHymaK) bslwl ocoCo-nenpiaTHaro Bne^aTjrfeHiii, ApyrHMH 
cjioBaMH, ecjiH Si He npoTHBen'b BaM'b, to Moe HaMtpeme Ka- 
aceTca MH* ocyn^ecTBHMHM'b. Mh o6a ne lOHomH h MomeMTb 
BsrjiHHyTb Ha Bce 8to Cea-b lOHoniecKHX'b HJiJirosifi. Mh mofjih 

6h AOnOJIHHTb H, HaCKOJIbKO BOBMOaCHO, CKpaCHTb 5KH3Hb Apyr'b 

Apyry, ne npeA'bHBjiaa oahhI) ApyroMy neBHnojiHHMHX'b Tpe- 



naiPBAi pabob^tohi. 2*! 

CosaHifl: bh,— HaAtrocb,— He noTpeOoBajiH 6u ottj mohh HHRa- 
Koro repoHBMa, a, b-b cbok) o^epeAb, He ciajTB 6h acAaxb ors 
Bacb HH njiaMeHHHXTb ^yncTBi*, hh o6oacaHia. He BHacy npw- 
^HH-B, MimaromHX'L naM'b BCTynHTb bb xaKoft CjiaropaayMHo- 
flpymecTBeHHHlt coiob'b. BaMT> yroOTo Chjio cnpocHTb Moera 
coB'feTa oTHocHTejibHO HMymecTBeHHHX'b ji'hjTh Bamero OTi^a. 
OsHaROMHBniHCb ci> j:ioRyMeHTaMH, a cRasajiB saMB to, ^rro 
ecTb: A'bjia sanyraHH nenonpaBHMO. OTei^T> Bam'B othochjich kb 
cBOHM'b HHTepecaM'b Cojite, ^'bwh 6e3neHHo, h ecjiH 6h oht^ 
uposRjijvb eme neMHoro, ero nocTHrjio 6h to me, hto BCKopt 
nocTHrHeTb Bacb: Kpax^b oKOH^axeJibHufi. He CHHxafltTe ^epcT- 

BOi! HeaeJIHKaTflOCTblO, HTO HMCHHO B^B BTOMB HHCbMi a roBopK> 

CTOJib npoaaH^ecKHxij seuj.ax'b, KaKB HMyiii;ecTBeHHHe hhto- 
pecu. Ho onaxb-xaKH mh ch BaMH ne iohoiuh, npH xomb me 

BH BOBCe He HSB HHCJia 5KeHIU,lIHB, KOXOpHXB MOMCHO npeJIbCXHXb 

MaxepiajibHUMH BHroAaMH, h a axo noHHMaH). yKasHBaro Jinmb 
Ha (|)aKTb H noBBOJiflio ceC-fe nanoMHHXb, hto npa H-feKoxopoft 
jxojrh fijiaropaayMia Cb Bamef! cropoHH (ecjiH oho ne npexHXT> 
BanzHM-b BKycaMT) h ^yBcxBaMB), — bh Momexe yKJioHHXbca otb 
utjiaro p^Aa MepKanxHJibHHX'b aaCoxB. Mo»texT> Otixb, y Bacb 
BOBHHKnexx noflOBpinie, ne mejiaio jih a nopoAHHXbca nepeat 
BacB crh ryCepnaxopoMB J],.? He ocxanaBJiMBaflxecb na Bxott 

MeJIO^HOtt MHCJIH. He CKpOK), BB AaHHHfit MOMeHXt HJISI MOH^l, 

iioHtajiylt, 9X0 6hjio 6h yAoCno, ho paAH OAHoro axoro ne cxohjio 
6h npe;inpHHHMaTb ctojib cepbeaHHf! marB, Ka,Kh acennxbCa. 
ryOepnaropoB-b MHoro, ceroAHa — oakhb, saBxpa— Apyroft, co 
BcbMH He nopoAHHmbca, h ecjiH 6h bh ee Kaaajincb MH'fe noA- 
xoAamett AJiH Mena acenoEO bo BcfexB Apyrnx-b oxHonieniax'bj 
a H He noAyMaji-b 6h o poAcxBt oi> J^HBopaAOBWHeMB. He xopo- 
HHxecb oTBtxoMTb, oOAyMattxe H oxBt^aftxe Kaxeropn^ecKH. Ho- 
py^aro ce6a Baraett CHHCxoAHxejibHOCXH. CepAe^HO BaniB C. Mo- 
ck HxcKift". 

^o^HxaBB, HerpB HjibH'i'b oCepnyjica Kt KcefliH AApia- 
HOBH'b: oHa CHA'bJia, rjiyCoKo saAyMaBniHCb, h HHHero ne CKa- 
aaaa o nncbM'b. Hexpi) HjibH^B ocxajica y nea oO^Aaxb; 3a 
o^)'bAOM'b cHOBa aaroBopnjiH o npeAJioaceniH MocKHXCKaro, h 
cHOBa KceHia AApianoBHa xo aaAyMtiBajiacb, xo myxHJia, nan*- 
Baa Dexpy HabH^y: „H Bcxp-fexHMca mh cHOBa bb neBtAOMoft 
cxpant!" 

HexpB HabHTb Bepnyaca AOMOft, KorAa HaAB HaMOKmHMH 
Bhcokhmh /lyCaMH naABHrajica BeqepB. Bi* Aynit y Hexpa 
HabH^a ocraaca nenpiaxHHft ocaAOKB oxb Bcero ceroAHam- 
Haro AHa. Hexpii HabH^ii nponieaT> bt> cbok) KOMHaxy h npn- 
Jierb Ha KpoBaxH, naA'bacb ycHyxb. Ha ABopt onaxb MopocnaB 
A05KAiE>, H myM'fea'b Bixepii, pacKa^HBaa bb naancaAHHK'fe eiii;e 
He ocHnaBmieca xoiioabKH. TonoabKH Bce meBeanaHCb nepeAi^ 



28 pyOCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

okhomtj, to noKaHHBaHCb, to HarH6aHCb. Korzia cynepKH cry- 
CTHjiHCb, crajio KaaaxbCH, Cy^TO B'b jiBnmeEm TonojieBLix'b B'fe- 
TOK'b ecTb Ht^TO pHTMH^ecKoe, HOBTopaiomeecH: He to owh Ta- 
Hei^x KaKoft-TO TanayiOTi., He to Beayrb paaroBop'b, naKJioHaacb 
Apyn* Kb Apyry. ^epeBi^a npHHHMajiH Bce eojite h eojiie 
cTpaHHHfl o^epTania h, HaKOHeii;T>, cjiHJiHCb cb tcmhotok) ho^h; 
a IleTpi* HjibH^'b He nepecTaBajiT* rjiHA^Tb B'b noTeMH^Bmee 
oKHo H cnpaniHBaTb y ce6a: no^eMy Hce iiviKmwh ii »cH3Hb, 
HaAO noHHMaib, kblkl ojmo ii to jkc? Ii neyatejiH 9to xaK-b? 



HacrynHJiT) ceHTa6pb. 

Ho HO^aMT) CTOflJiH JiePKie MopoBH, AHeMii ciajio 6a6be ji'feTO 

apKHM'b COJIHI^eMT) H XpyCTaJIbHO-npOSpa^HHM'b BOBiiyXOM'b. TOH- 

Kaa nayTHHa, cBepKaa, HOCHJiacb BCioAy, onyTHBajia KycxapHUKH 
H TpaBy. IIoBOJio^eHHHa ocenLK), A^peBbH HanoJioBHsy orojiH- 
jiHCb, AHKift BHHorpaAT) AaBHo CTaji-b KpacHHtt, To^HO Kopaji- 

JIOBH]^. 

IleTp'b HjibH^'b CHA'feJi'b y nocTOJiH 6oJibHoro IlajiJiaAia, 
KorAa oTeii;!) Hjiba npneecb nncbMo, TOJibKO hto nojiy^eHHoe 
OTb MocKHTCKaro. CeMeH'b CrenanoBH^'b coofiui.aji'b, hto 'bA^T'b 
B'b BHCOKie Jlj6u Btn^aTbca, npocHJi'b 0Tu,a Hjibio noaafio- 
THTbCH AOKyMeHTax-b KcefliH AApianoBHU, a cboh CyMarn 
ofi'bmaji'b npHBesTH B'b nojiHOlt HcnpaBHOcxH. Co6HTie o6cy- 
:KAaJiH Ha pasHtie JiaAH. Ojxkwl IlajiJiaAifi OTHecca K'b neMy 6e3- 
yiacTHO. MaryniKa CHJia HOAOBOJibHa, oieui'b Hjiba BHCKaBH- 
BaJTb HsyMJienie, ho caMij jih^ho oTapasHJica bi> KpacHHft 
(|)jiHrejib noBApaBHTb h neperoBopHTb o AOKyMeniax'b. Ilojiioca, — 
HeAaBHo Haana^eHHaa y^HTejibHHueK B'b ujepKOBHyio mKOJiy kx 
0Ti];y Hjibi, — Becb AGHb, yjiHfiaacb, norjiaAHsajia na IleTpa 
HjibHHa. 

— Hto me He HAeiub nosApaBJiaib? — cnpocHJia ona Be^e- 
poMi). — He ojKHAaJi'b? 

— ^ero? Hto ohh menaTca? JIb. a a^bho BHaio. 

— Snajiii? H He CKasaji'b naMX? 

— HyjKHO 6hjio... IIpHmjio Bpena— h Oea'b Mena yanajiH. 

— noBjiH)6JiaJiHca CTapi];H!— komh^cckh npoHSHecjia Ilojiroca 

Cb aSBHTeJIbHOCTbH), KOTOpOfit TpyAHO ChJIO OT-b Hea 05KHAaTb. — 

A a AyMajia... th Bce Ji'feTO xoahji^b, nporyjiHsajiHCb BM'feCTfe... 
H BApyr-b... 

— FjiynocTH th AyMajia! Koxiy ^to, a KypHu-fe npoco. IIo- 
MeHbme 6h epyHAH BcaKofl HHTaJia, Kani* jyOnt BsrJiaeyji'b, a 
oHa noGji'feAH'fejia, ii ycxa Hx-b cjiHJiHCb B'b poKOBOM'b"... 

— CoBciM'b a He "^HTaio TaKoro! Hn^ero noAoOnaro... 

— „Ha CamH'fe cBHToro MapKa y^apHJia nojiHo^b, a ycxa 



HX-b" 



QBPBAl PASCB^TOHl. 29 

— OcTEBb, ocrasb! ne coHHHafl! 

— HaHHTaembca, Te6t h Mepemaica BesA* poMaHH. Boffb 
TM Tpeib^ro flHfl cb AOKTopoM'b BT) jieBaA* ryjiajia? Tasi> 8to— 
Toace He cnpocxa? 

— A MOHcerb h ne cnpocTa? BojibHo ^e Te6'b c^HTaTb 
MeHH ypoAOBTb... Tti AYMaemb, hto h HHKoiiy yacb He hh- 
TepecHB? 

— HanpoTHB'b. EcjiH TaK-b, to y AOKTopa ecib BKycb. 

— TeCt Bce TOJibKO 6h cM-^AXbCfl! IIpasAy roBopHTb Ilaji- 
Jiftflilt HjibBH-b. 3y6ocKaji'b... 

— IIoroAH; yhjiy — h ayOocKajia BcaoMHHTe. 

— Mh-to BcnoMHHM'b, a TH nepeaaCyAeoib. Bctx-b naCb 
8a6yAemb. 

, — He 3a6y;iy h h. 

— Ta* yacb!? 

IIojiDca noAOHCAajia, ne BoapasHT'b jih neTpi* HjibHHb eme" 
Hero-HH6yAb, ho oH-b MOJi^ajiii, h Oojiroca nenajibHo CKa- 
3ajia: 

— KaKolt Tij, npaBo... HH^ero xeO* ne acaJib! Bipno roBo- 
pHJTb 6aTK)niKa: 6pocaenib ;RHBoe, HAemb HCicaTb MepTBaro. 
ilxHi^a — H Ta CBoero rfffesAa AepatHica... 

— H nycTb AepHCHTca... a a — He niHi^a. 
Hepes'b HeA^-iK) B-feH^ajiH KcemiD AApianoBHy. 

nexp-b Hjibii'i'b 6ujrb nia(|)epoM'b y neB'bcTH, aeMCKitt aok- 
xop'b — y MteHHxa. Bce oOoniJiocb no 6yAHH^H0My, npocxo, Aame 
HeB-bcxa 6HJia Bb xeMHOM'b AopojRHOM'b njiaxbt. Hocji'b b^h- 
HaHbH oSi^^aJiH y oxqa HjibH, o6'&AaJiH nacRopo, ci> onacRoll 
norjiaAHBaa na ^acti, KaKb 6h ne onosAaxb Kb noiaAy. Mo- 
CKHxcRiS pa3CKa3BiBajii>, ^xo OHH ci» Kcemefi AaplanoBHott Ha- 
Bci^peHH o6HOBHXb cxapHft AOM-b BT> napRib, pac^HCXHXb napR-b 
Cb BecHu H npitaataxb noxoM'b B-b BticoRie JI,y6ii na Aany. 

— Ha Toxb roA'b, bt* axy nopy, ne yanaexe hh AOMa, hh 
napKa! — nooO'femaji'b oHb. 

— JJ-fejio xopomee! — jhoOcbho corjiacHJica oxei^^b H iha. — 
Jl^oM-b cTOJitxHifl, HO cxapHHHaro Maxepiajiy... bojioto — ne Ma- 
Tepiajn>! Ha axox-b AOM'b nojioatHXb XHC^eHRy-Apyryro... xo eme 

CXO JliXb BHCTOHX-b. 

Kcenia AApianoBHa cnA'i^Jia sa cxojiomii MOJinajiHBo n paBHO- 
AymHO, xoHHo ne oe-b ea aom* mjia pt^b. 

Hexp'b HibH^'b notxaji'b npoBomaxt HOBo6pa^HHX'b ao cxan- 
lUH. 06paxH0 B-b BfcicoKie Jly6u. nonaji-b oht* JiHoib BenepoMi; 

BBtSAH yace CBtXHJIHCb Ha HeO*, XOJIOAHHK HO^HOft B'fexep'b 

o6B'feBaji'b A^peBeHCRia yjiHi^ti co cxopoHH P-fe^Hma. TeMHott 
cxtHoli cxoaJi'b y BHroaa napKi) ZtHBopaz^OBH^ef!; cKBoab 
AepeBba h31> Kpacaaro ^jiarejisi ne npocBi^iHsajiH KOMHaxHue 
orHH, xojibKO wh KyxHt y cxopoata Okjii* cB'bxi> B'b OKHi. CJia- 



30 PjroOKOl BOrATOIBO. 

Oufi oi'OHeR'B TO Mepuiajiii, to npHTanoH sa o6Ha»eeHHUMH jj,e- 
peBbHMH. Pjihas cb yjiHi^u na 3toti» oahhorK! CBtrb, IleTpT) 
HjibHib CTasajib oe6H na AfJ^CTO KceHin AApianoBHu cb en 

npiIBU'IRO^ Kl> HHOB ^H3HH, Rl) HHtlMli^ 60Jlte HpREIMl> OrHHACb. 
Ofll) nOAHCRHBaJI'B MOTHBEI JX^H OnpaBAaHlH, HO He Haxo;tHji'B H 

noBTop^Jit CBOtt npHroBopi: 
— A. BceTaRH— MajiOAymHo! 



IIoBBajiH IleTpa HjibH^a B-b Z. cnycT^ eiu;e orojio Mtcaqa, 

JIHEDLb BT* nepBHX'b HHCJiaXl* ORTflOpa, HOCJlfe TOFO, RaR^b Bli 

BiicoRHX'b Jl,y6s,Tb oxapaBAHOBajiH xpaMOBOlt npasAHHR'b. 
IIpoBOAH 6kjih rpycTHHe. 
CjiyatHJiH HanyTCTBeHHHfit MOJieOeH'b napaAHo, B-b aajit, ho 

rOJIOCb OTUia HjIbH BBBOJIHOBaHHO APO^aJI-b, CJIOBHO OH-b He Ha- 

nyTCTBOBaji^b, a OTH'feBaji'b Roro-To... 

— „IIpOCHTe, H AftCTCa Baidl), — TOpHCeCTBeHHO HHTaJl'b OTei^-b 

HjibH Hafl-b rojiOBoi! CHHa, — Hiu;HTe, h o6pam;eTe, TOJmuTe, h 
oTBepaeTC^ BaMi: BCHR-b 60 npocaft npieM..." 

HTenie BHeaanHO npepBajiocb: oTeo;!) Hjib^ njiaKajii* na^'b 
EsaHrejiieMi). 

npomaJiHCb Bci cb HeTpoM'b HjihEHeifb jiacROBO h cep- 
Ae^Ho, HO OH'b 6e3i> TpyAa yraAHsaji'b sa ynacTJiaBoK cepAe^- 
HOCTbK) nenajib h HCAOBOjibCTBO AOManiHHX'b, ofimee ocymAeme, 
CAepmaHHoe, ho rJiy6oRoe. 

J^eHb OHJi'b o6jiaHHHfit, nepeA'b Thwb BKnaji-b nepBHfi cntrb 
H yme pacTaaJi-b. CojiHi^e HsptARa BurjiaAHBaJio Hs-b-aa o6jia- 
ROB-b. BHrJiHHerb, ocB'feTHrb Aopory, CjiecHex'b bt* ^epHtionieM'b 
nojrfe ocTaTRaMH CH'broBHX'b naTeni) h JiymaMH — h cnpa^eTca. 
SejieHtjiH 03HMH, Roe TA'fe eme naxajin; neTp-b HjibH^'b 'bxaji'b 
MBAJieHHO no pasMflRmeK TonRoft Aopori. EMy 6hjio TaRi* 

rpyCTHO, RaRT* 6y;iT0 H OH'b xopoHHjrb CBOH Me^TH... IlOCJlt 

paHHaro aojioTHCTaro saRaTa noxoJioAaJio, Mopoai* CTajiii CT^rH- 
saxb AopoHtHH^ ROJieH JieAHHHM'b HajieTOMT). CyMepKaMH npota- 
acajiH BHaROMoe ccjio: CRpnatjiH ROJiOAesHHe ^ypaBJiH nepeA'b 
BOAonoeM'b; naA'B nqcfepiBinHMH orb BenepHaro cBixa xaiaMH 
npaMHM'b cTOJifioM'b noAHMajica na-b TpyOi* ctpHK AHM-b; JiaajiH 
oaaOmia co6aRH, OTBHRBmia OT'b SHMHaro xojiOAa, h AaJieRO 
pasHOCHJica hxI) JiaK bI) xejiOAtromeMi) B03Ayx*. Fpasb B-b 
cejii CuJia HenpojiasHaa, xyme, ^tM-b B-b nojii. Ha-b BencRott 

inROJIH BHXOAHJIH 3an03AaJIHe y^eHHRH B'b cfepHx-b CBHTRaX-b, 

ch TopCaMH 3a HJie^aMH, ciy ycTajiHMH JiHi^aMH. Ohh ocTano- 
BHJiHCb y Aoporn h no onepoAH ycHJieHHO RjianajiHCb IleTpy 
HjibHHy, yme ycBOHB'b nayRy noHiemH Kiy npoisHcaioniiHM'b. 
3 a AepeBHett onaTb TaHyjiocb nojie, h no RpaaM'b ero cHHiJia 
Mrjia. IlepeA'B cianuiieli, no nojiOTHy meJiisHOAopomHOft nactinH 



nSPS^C^ PASOB^TOHl. 31 

mejTb noia:!!*, — cjiHinajiHCb cbhctkh, paBaoM'bpHoe: xpaxt-Ta- 
Ta! — HO caMoro no'j^aAa He 6hjio bhaho Ero saKpHBajiH rycrue 
KJiy6u AHMa^ pHcya b'b BosAyx'b CRasoHHo-RpacHBH^, cepe6pH- 
CThLti jrbcb. H cb npoTHBonojiomHoK CTopoHH Mepeii^HJica B'B 

MOpOBHOft MFJlt APyrOfi JltCB, TOHte HOJiynpOBpa^HHtt H KaK'B 

6u BHcaii];iti B'B BOdiiyx'b, ho ne C'hmiA, a AHM^aTo-CHHi^. 3a- 
MejiBKajiH BORsajibHHe ofhh, sanaxjio RaifeHHoyroJibHHM'B ah- 
MOM-B, oTKyAa-TO noranyjio MaxopKOft, aaOjiecTtjia eme neaa- 
Mepamaa rpnab na BUMouiieHHOM'B RaMHeicB craHi^ioHHOM^ hoa'b- 
•feaAfe. 

Ilerpa HjiBH^a oxBaTHJio jiexopaAO'^Hoe BOJiHeme. 

JleAeH^iiiiei! cTpyflRott npoRpaAHBajica B'B Ayniy CTpaxi* 
nepeA'B neHaB'bcTHOCTBi), Coabhb oniHCHibCH B'B neifB to, onent 
BaacHOM'B H cyniiecTBeHHOM'B... Cefi^acB eny 6hjio OojitaneHHo 
5KajiB Bhcorhx-b JlyCoB'bj njia^ymefl MaxyniRH, oxqa Hjibh cb 
ero ropecTHo cataTHM'B ptom^b, yRopnaneHHo rjisijj,sinie1\ IIojiidch, 
Bcero, HTO ocraBajiocB xaMi*, noaaAH... JKajib 6hjio h cbparo 
HeOa, H aojiOTHCTHX-B aaRaxoB-B, rpaanaro cejia co CRpnny^HMH 

ROJIOAI^aMH, HaKBHHX'B IHROJIBHHROB'B CB HX'B HORJIOHaMH H TH- 

XHX-B, noBHTHX'B xyMaHaMH, AepeBeHb... Tosao Bce 8to Tenepb 
yxoAHJio OTB Herpa HjiBH^a, ^to6h HHRorAa yme He sep- 
HyTBca. 

IlyTb AO ciaHniH Chji-b Rpn^eH-B. 

A BnepeAH JieacajTB Apyroft, Raaajiocb, OeaRone'iHo-AOJirifl, 

TpeBO^HUlK H CTpamHUlB... 



XIV. 

HepBHiTB BnenaTJi'feHieM'B IleTpa HjibH^a b'b Z. Chjio Bne- 
HaTJi'i^Hie yAHBJieHHocxH: h caMH^ ropoA'B ORaaaJics ropaaAO 
ofimnpH-fee, myuHte, MHoroJiioAH'fee, ^wh npeAnojiaraji-B lieTp-B 
HjibHH'B, H eiue HayMHJia ero noRaanan pocRomb oCcTanoBRH, 
cpeAH ROTopoft acHJi'B MocRHTCRia. IleTp'B HjibH^'B anaji'b, hto 
MocRHTcRitt HCJiOB'bR'B cocToaTejibHHf!, Aa»te 6oraTHfl; ho anaji'b 
06'B aToiTB He tohho, B'B oOmax-B neprax'B. TenepB ;Ke IleTpa 

HjIBH'ia yAHBJIHJIO TO, HTO OWb yBHA'feJI'B. CeMCH-B CTenaHOBHH'B 

aa.HHMaji'b oco6har'b cb He6ojibmHM'b caAHROM'B. KpoM'b tofo, 
OMy npHHaAJieacajia orpoMnan ycaAb6a p^AOM'b, aacTpoeHHaa 

HH0r08TamHUMH AOMaMH Cb AeCHTRaMH RBapTHpi> B'B Ra»eAOMl> 

AOM'fe. BHyrpH ocoCh^r-b MocRHTCRaro Ohjtb TiujaTejibHo paa- 
yRpamoH'B n hoxoahji'b fiojibme Ha Myae^, h^m'b na ^Hjioe 
noiffeiaenie. Bce 6ujio Aoporoe, RpacHBoe, ho rphrjihbo nano- 
MHHaromee CBoefi AoporoBHan'b. BojioqeHbitt aajii), npocTopnan 
rocTHHaa B'b cthji* awnnp-b, cb poajieMi. nai* Rpacnaro AepeBa 
Cb 6poH3ofi, Apyraa rocTHHan, cb moahoA Me6ejibio Ot-iaro 



82 pyOOKOl BOrATCTBO. 

i^'&Ta, CB 6'bjiHMH KOBpaMH H 6hjiuwh niaHHHo, cojmjisaA 
Ra6HHeTi> MocKHTCKaro cb AHBaHOM'b^ R'b ROTopoMy, Kan's na 
RaTa<{)ajiKL, Ha^o <3ujio hath BBepx'B no CTyneHHiirb, A&Jibnie 
rocTHHHJi noMeHbme, pa8HUXi» ixB'bTOBi» h CTHJiei!, cl Beiii;aMH 
H8i» poaoBaro, nepHaro h Kpacnaro ^epeBa, — Bce roBopHJio o 
TOMii, HTo xoBHHH'B He SRSLjihjvh pacxoAOBT) Ha yOpaHCTBo cBoera 
SHKjmmfiL. npeo6jiaAajiH napaAHHO horoh; a ROMHarB, npe^Ha- 
BHaHeHHUx'B AJiH jiouBmHHTO o6HxoAa, 6hjio coBC'&M'b HeMHoro: 
AB*, HapajiHo OTA'feJiaHHHa, HO He6ojn>miH cnajibHH h Rpomen- 
HaH KOMHaTRa B08Ji'& BaHHod, sacTaBJieHHaa njiaTHHUMH niRa- 

(|)aMH, BTb ROTOpOft HOMtCTHJIH HOTpa HjIbHHa. 

KorAa neip-B Hjilhhi^ npitxaJTB, fituio nacoBB OAHHnaAi^aTb 
yipa. MocRHTCRili h Kcema AApianoBHa AonnBajiH naft. Mo- 
cRHTCRift,— BT* CBDpxyK'b H TCMHOM'B rajicTyx'fe, — coSnpajica na 
cjiy^6y. B-L neMii hc^cbjih CpaBOcrb h HcejiaHie mojioahtbch; 
HaoCopoTTb, Tenepb CeMeHB OrenanoBHH'b rjiHAtJit a^Jiobhto 
H cepbesHo. IleTpy HjibH^y oh-b npHBiTJiHBO coo6iiiiHJiB, hto — 
eiAe nibcROjibRo AHeft — h neTpT> Hjibhh'b MOHceiTb hath b'B 
ynpaBy na cjiyac6y; ocxaJiocb BHnojiHHTb Heana^HTejibHHH (|)op» 
MajibHocTH, nofl;oHtAaTb, noRa coctohtch ynpaBCRoe yxBepacA©- 
Hie. Kcenia AApianoBHa o6pa;ioBajiacb Heipy HjibHny, saCpo- 
cajia ero BonpocaMH o BHcoRHX'b JtyCax'b, cjiobho ona He BicTb 
RaRB AasHo yfexajia orryAa h ycniJia cocRy^HTbca no A^peBHt. 
Bha'b y Hen 6ujrb CTpaHHHi!: He to yrHeTeHHo-pacTepaHHHft, 
He TO npjiycMynj;eHHHlt, OyATO ona coanaBajia ceOa ne na cBoeMTb 
Micri. Ea ^^nrypa, B'B ^epnofl loeKi h npocTofl anrjiiflcRoft 
RO(|)TOHK'fe Hsi* necTpoK (|)jiaHeJiH, TepaJiacb na ^oni Rpmame- 
U'feHHoJ! oficTaHOBKH MocRHTCRaro. Kcema AApianoBBa (JHJia no- 
xoH?a He Ha xoaaliRy 8Toro no-Ryne^ecRH pocRomHaro AOMa, 
a na 3R0H0MKy hjih ROMuaHbOHRy hbti (JjiaropoAHNxii. 

Kb noA'B'feBAy noAajiH rn'feAoro pncaRa cb nrpyme^Ho-xopo- 
mcHBRoft npojiOTRolt, H CeMeH'B CTenaHOBHHB yfexajiB. 

Kcenia AApianoBHa h IleTp-B HjibHHi> cnepna noMOJi^aJiH 

B'B CTOJIOBOft, CHAH 3a MaCCHBHHM'B CTOJIOMB, ROTOpHft CBCp- 

RajiB cepeCpoMi* h nocyAott. Hotom'b y Kcemn AApianoBHH 
HBM'feHHJiocB OH pacTepHHHoe BHpaHteHie jiHi^a, ona onaTb cxajia 
Dpemnefi n-feBHi^efi ne y A'feJi'B, RaROio anajii) ee IleTpB Hjibh^'b 
BB Bhcorhx'b Xl^yCaxT*. JJoOpoAyniHo BacM-feaBniHCb, ona cnpo- 
CHjia: 

— yAHBJieHH? He AynajiH aacTaxb BA'fecb 9TaRoe bcjihro- 
jiinie? 

Kcenia AApianoBHa nosejia rjiasaMH BAOJib CT'feHB cb p'fes- 
HHMH 6y(j[)eTaMH. 

— He AyMaji-B. 

— H a ne AyMajia... JIfi chxb nopi* ne Mory cBHRHyTBca... 
HHRaRi* He npeAnoJiaraJia, ^to jsfbjisno ciojib OjiecTan^yio nap- 



nflPB^l PABOBATOHl. 33 

Tiiol Hto SA^cb Bce TaKi* en grand, cb laKOfl noMaofl... OKaan- 
BaeTCfl^ y ubba ecTb oCu^ecTBeHHoe nojioxceme, si AOJmcHa noM- 
HHTL npcAcraBHTejibCTB'b... Ho 8T0 BOBce He Moe aifnjiya. H 
a ceOn — npecKBepno nyBCTByio. Bhbhth, SHaKOMCTBa — Bce He 
no UE'h. Jlnnib Tenepb noHHiiaio, ao KaRofit CTeneHH a npeBpa- 
THJiacb vb Ooreny. Ho neiBepraM'b, KorAa y CeneHa Cxenano- 
BHHa acyp(|)HKCH, — h npocTo My^eani^a. Sanxpa HeiBepr-B, botb 
yBHAHxe, nbiTKa — nHTK0fi[.., Oho, MAxesKHoe, — Kcemn AApia- 
flOBHa nocTynajia pyKOft npoTHB-b cepAita, — HORajio THXofi npn- 
cxaHH, noKoa... a nonajio bte> Kany^yio cxpyx) cb npeACxaBH- 
xejttcxBOM'b. Boxi) xeOi h 6jiaropa3yMiel 

Ilexpy HjibH^y cAtJiajiocb xaK-b ace jierKO c% Kcemeft AApia- 
HOBHoiK, RaRi) OHBajio Bi» BHCORHX'b ^Gaxi*. 

— A CeMeH'b CxenanoBH^'b? — cnpocHJi'b offb, He AoroBapH- 
Bafl. KceniH AApianoBHa noEHJia Bonpoci>, ho oxB'i^xHjia ne xaKi>, 
RaKb ;RAajrb Ilexpi* MjibHi'b. 

— CaM'b-xo? CaM-b — enije HH^ero; BHAepataHHHfi, A^JiHRax- 
HHfi, Cb HHM'b MoacHo yMCHTbCH, HO 3T0 npeACxaBHxejibCXBo! Ta- 
:Kejio... M KSiKb a ne cooOpasHjia? IIpeHejiOBRoe nojio^enie! Ce- 
MeHi> CxenaHOBHHi> xaRi) ox7» AyniH cxapaexcH, ttoCh UE'b 
6ujio xopomo. H me npH neirb, RaR'b cBHsaHHan... BoDCb npo- 
pBaxbCA, 6oK)Cb noRasaxb neAOBOJibcxBO... 3a hxo ;Ke ero o6H;Kaxb? 
HtM-b OH-b BHHOBaxb, ^xo H HO B^b CBOH caHH nojitsjia? H, RO- 
He^fflo, He Mory 6HTb AOBOJibHoit... Bce BpeMa nacxopoacb, na no- 
jismaKh. H nojiBXHRa moh, RamexcH, hh R'b neny ne BOAerb. 
Ona 6HJia 6h xopoma, ho npn OAHOM'b ycjiOBin: ecjm 6h CeMen^ 
CxenaHOBHH'b ne noHHMaji'b ea. A OH'b — noHHMaexi>... Mwh yarb 
H oxnycR-b oOtmaHT). COiry BecHoK B-b BHCORie ^yCH, ao caiioK 
oceHH; 6yAy Ha6jiK)Aaxb sa peMOHXOMT> h nocxpol[!RaMH... Yacb 
xo, Hxo OH'b caMi) aaroBopHJi'b oe-b oxnycRi, h, xaR-b cRasaxb, 
Bi> MeAOBHtt wbcH^hl.. IIpaBAa, axo noRa8UBaexi>, ^xo moh no- 
jraxHRa hh R'b HeMy? 

— Jla... HO, MoacexT), bh ente npHBHRHexe? 

— IIpHBHRHyxb-xo npHBLiKHy. Ko BceMy npHBHRaemb... Ho 
Tpy^HO yatacHo! Ci* mohmh HepnaMH ^rro-xo HOjiaAHoe; ne xo- 
x«rb BocnpHHHMaxb HOBtix'b BneHaxJitHitt, ycxajm, hxo jih... 
En^e Hxo-HH6yAb cxapoe, npeacnee: BocnoMHHaHie hjih snaROM- 
cxBO,— ny, HHHero, oacHBemb na Mnnyxy, a Bce HOBoe — RaR'b-xo 
MHMo! TaRoe oxHomenie ro Bceny, RaR'b Cy^xo... 6yAX0 h HCRyo- 
HH^ maxMarncxb: ocxanoBHjicH axoxb niaxMaxHCxi> Bosjiib Apy- 
rHx-b HrpoROB'b H AyMaex-b: a norjinacy-Ra a, RaR'b bh BamH 
napxiH pasHrpHBaexe? CxoHXb h oxMib^aexb: BOH-b xoxi» noAyp- 
Hoft HrpoR'b, a 8X0Tb — njioxo... CaMOMy ace eny nrpaxb co- 
BC'feM'b He oxoxa. Cntji'b cboio ntcoHRy... TaR-b h a... Si xenepb 
cBooM'b Rj)acHOM'b (|)JiHreJi'b, RaRt o noxep^HHOM'b pa'fe, jsyuejo... 

Ma 7. OTAtax I. 8 



34 PyCCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

I 

Ohh ymjiH Bi> Ra^HHerB KceHin AApiaHOBHU h nporoBopnjiK 
sA'i^cb BnJioTb AO B03Bpaiii;eHiH CeMena CTenaHOBHHa. 

3a o6'bAOWb 'bjm ch 6ojibmei! nHmHOCTbi), h'j^m'b sa ^aeMi^. 
KymaHba noAaBajii* jiaRe^ b'b nep^aTRax'B n ci> o6pa8i^oBO 
HenoABH»cHO]Q[ ({)H8ioHOMien. 

— Be^epoM-B MHmejiB ceroAHH CyAerL? — cRoporoBopKofi 
cnpocHJTb CeMeH-B CTenanoBH^'B B'B rohii;* o6'feAa y KcefliH 
AApiaHOBHH. 

— Ka^eTCA, OyAeTB... oetmaji'B. 

no JiHi^y RceHiH AApiaHOBHH npod'bmajia nacMi^niJiHBaJi 
yjiH6Ra. 

MocRHTCKift oCpaTHJiCH K'B Ilerpy HjibH^y: 

— B'B TaROM-B cjiy^ai, mh TeCa ceroAHa eme He BHnycTHM'b 
B'B cBtTB. Otaoxhh noRa... AO aaBTpa. ManieJib, — ea RyaeHB, 
ryOepHaTop-B... HsOiraerB CMiniHBaTbca cb cMeprHHMH. fl h 
xjaMTi He BcerAa npeACTaro npcA'B ero acHHa ohh... Hto A'bJiaTb? 
H^ejioBinecRia oTHomenifl He Tepn^TB paseHCTBa, Ran-b npnpoAa 
nycTOTH. 

— J\By MOMcerb, H y moh^ wbrh wcejiaBia cb Enwb snaRO- 

MHTbCH? — BOBpaaHJITb IleTp'b HjIbKH-b. 

MocRHTCKia ycMixHyjica HpoHJi^ecRH, H Hexp'b HjibHH'b He 
Mori) onpeA'feJiHTb, CMteTca jih MooRHTCRifl naATb paaOopHHBHM'B 
MnmejieM'b, HsC'feraiomHM'L cMtnieHifl (yb Tojinoft, hjih naA'b Ile- 
TpoMi> HjibHTOM'B H ero HemenanieM'B BHaKOMHTbcn cb ryOep- 

HaTOpOMTj... 

Ha cjitAyioniiift Be^epi) y Mocrhtckhx'b Ghji-b 5Kyp(|)HRC'B. 

TocTH cofinpaJiHCb uobaho, nocji'fe AecaiH nacoB-B Benepa. 
KceHia AApianoBHa CHJiHJiacB Chtb npHBtTJiHBOl!, BHHMaTeJib- 
HO0, H OTToro, HTO oHa 3a6oTHJiacb o6'b 3tomb, efl[, — BcerAa npo- 
CTofl H npHBiTJiHBOl!, — Teuepb He yAanajiacb hh jiK)6e3H0CTb, 
HH npHBtrjiiTBOCTb oCpan^eHifl. Ha JiHi^'b en oxpaMcajiacb npn- 

Hy^AGHHOCTb, yjIHfiRa BKXOAHJia HaCH.lIbCTBeHHOfi. BojIbmHHCTBO 

rociefi cocTaBJifljiH My^K^HHH, HO H AaMTb 6hjio AOcraTOHHO. 
CyA« no paaroBopaM-B o npnCjiHmeHiH BHfiopoB^, o AyMCRHXij 
A'feJiax'B H npeACToamefl[ saRjiaAR'fe RanajiHaaiUH, neipi Hjibhh'b 

nOHflJTB, HTO rocTH MocRHTCRaro, rJiaBHUM-B 06pa30M'B, AOMOBJia- 

A^JiBDiH, rjiacHfcie aJmh, ropoACRie A'feHTeJiH. 

HoHBHJicH RopenacTHfl HeJioBtR'b CB" OijiHMH, nyxJiHMH py- 
KaMH, JitTB 3a HiiTbAecarb, cb npocbABH) B'b OopoA*, c'b cepbesHO- 

SaAyMHHBUM'b BSrjIHAOM'B HeCOJIBHIHX'B rJiaST), CB nop'j^A^BmKMH 
HaA'B Jl60M'B BOJIOCaifH H CB HeRpaCHBUlfB JimjfiiMrb. My^CHHHH 

crpynnnpoBajiHCB BORpypB Hero, 3arpaAHB'j> eiiy nyrb B'b ro- 
cTHHyio, R'b xossi^K'h AOMa. K'B HeMy bhahmo othochjihcb cb 
oco6hm'b noHTemeM-B. 

— HHROJiaft EBreHbeBHTTb! 

— HHROJiai) EBreHbeBHHy! 



nSPBA'^ PASOB^TOMl. 85 

UiiKoasA EBreHheBH^'B no^HMa.n'B pyKH 0Rpy»cHBmHMi> ero 
H Bce nocMaTpHBajKb Ha ABepii rocTHHOfi. OrryAa BHmJia Kce- 
EiH AzipiaHOBHa. 

— HHKOJiafl EBreHbeBH^'b!— CKaaajia h ona, sflopoBaacb, h 
oefl^aci> Mce Ao6aBHjia: — bh— oahh'b? A JIhaIh rpnropbeBHa? 

— Ofla nono8«e. QBfkjxevh cjy KOHqepxa. 

— PeflBenayapa cjiymaeTi)? 

— A KOHqeprB pasB* PeflBenayapa? — cnpocHJiii HHKOJiaft 
EBreHbCBiiH'B. — Kto oht>: n'feBeq'b hjih MysHKaHTi)? 

Kcem^ AApiaHOBHa aacM'bHJiacb. 

MocKHTCKifl npeACTaBHJiT) IleTpa HjibH^a HHEOJiaio EBreeb- 
€BHqy, ^aMHJiia KOToparo 6HJia PH6ajibueB'b. 

— njieMHHHHKTb Mo», IleTpii HJibH^T)... EpHBHTb ynpaBOit 
Bi> ceKpeTapH. IIoMflHTe, a roBopHJi'b? 

— A! O^ieflb paAT>... O'leHb pa^Tb, Heipi HjibH^'b. Ilocjiy- 
TKHTb jKejiaeie? HywcHH, Hy»cHH mojioaho pafioTHHKe... 

PH6ajibixeB^'b oi> 6ojibmott npocTOTOft, hohth no-poACTBeH- 
HOMy, HeMHoro noroBopnji'b ct> HeipoM-b HjibH^eMii. K-b cjio- 
BaMi) PnSajibixeBa npHCJiyniHBajiHCb: oneBnAQO^ owb nojibso- 
BaJicH aBropHTeTOM'b, xora A^p^a^ca BecbMa cKpoMHo. Ob ero 
noHBJieHieM'b paaroBop'b Mym^Ha-b oKOH^areJibHo cocpeAOTOHHJiCfl 
Ha AyMCKHxi) BHfiopax'b. Pneajibi^eB-b Cojibme cjiymajrb Apy- 
raxT), ^iM'b roBopHjTb caMi), ho KorAa HaHHHaji'b roBopHTb, 
ptHb ero JiHJiacb JierKO h HenpneyacAeHHO, KaK'b y opaTopa, 
npHBHKfflaro BHCTynaib ny6jiHHHo. TojiKOBajiH o mnpoKott arn- 
TaAiH, opraHHBOBaHHofl CnHHUiHHCKott napTieift. 

— y HHX'b, HTO HH A^Hb, TO HOArOTOBHTeJIbHUa coOpaHifl, — 

BaMtTHJi-b KTO-TO hbtj TOCTef!. — Mhofojibdaho y EVLXTi... He nopa 
mi H RdkWhy HHKOJiatl EBreHbeBH^'b? 

— A HTo-acb, nopa — TaKX aopa! — noKopHO corjiacHJica Ph- 
<5ajibi^eBx, cjioBHO ycTynaa Hy«0My BHymeHiio.— Mhjiocth npo- 
cHifb KO Mfffe Bi> cy66oTy. Si paBomjiio npHrjiamemH... Iloro- 
BopHMi), noAroTOBHMCH H Mu... OGcyAHMi) saCJiaroBpeMeHHO aa- 
AaHH HOBol! AyMH, HaMtiHM'b jiiDAelt... H TOJioBy ceCi HaMt- 
THiii*. A TO H BnpHMb, KaKi) 6h He npHCTaBHJiH Ha njie^H ny- 
acyi)? C-b Hy«ofi[ rojioBoa jierKO jih?.. 

PaBAajica c^Tb, jihi^o PnCajibUieBa ocTaBajiocb cepbeBHHM'b. 

— HecnoApy^HO, HnKOJia*! EBreHbeBH^i>, — pasAajiocb bosji* 
Hero, — cb Hyacoft rojiOBofi necnoApyHHo acHTb! 

— H noaaraio,— corjiaoHJica PHeajibi^eB^ Ces'b yaHCKH. 
BoKpyrb Hero aaroBopHJin: 

— y GHHHi^HHa A'feHTeJibHaa arHTania! HpHTarHBaerb na 

CBOK) CTOpOHy BCh OKpaHHH... 

— HojibayeTca aHraroHHBMOM'b MeacAy r^eHTpoMi* h saxyAa- 

JIHlfH yJIHI^aMH... 



86 pyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 

— KjIHEOTCfl BHMOCTHTB BC^ npOAM'i^CTbii H CJIO6OARH HyTb- 
He TOpi^OBHMH MOCTOBHMH... 

— A 3a OAHO yXCb H OCB^THTb HX-b 9JieKTpHqecTB0in>, — 

JiHmb 6h ero HsOpajiH. Tobophtb: D^eHxpajiBHaa yjiHi^a — ^jikOh 
Moe, HO HesaKOHHoe A%THii^e crapo^ Ay^H... 

— VsRii BTOTb napTHKyjiapHHfi naTpioTH3Mi> OKpaHHr^eBtC 
JIoRaJiBHHe naTpioTu... 

— KaKOli y ehxT) KypBea-B BHineji'B! TpexBaro aha... Hbhi^- 
Ri^, BopoTHJia CHHHi^uHCKi^, HadflaHHJi'B coOpaHie bt> jiowh Hh- 
HeHKa, a caMoro Hn^eHKa aaOiiJi'B npeAynpeAHib. Boccmb na- 
coBx Benepa, nBeTB Hn^ieflKO ^afi cb ceMeflcrBOMB, — SBOHOK'Bt' 
Exoahtij HeHBBicTHHK rocnoAHHB, npeACTaBHJica xoaaHHy, ro- 
BopnrB noroA*, caAHxca... HaneHKO esKHTca, oHTb — nejiBOAHM'B^ 

K0H(|)y3JIHB'B, BacrfeHHHB'B, KSiR'b HHCTHTyiKa... OnflTB BBOHOKV 

eniie toctb, h ohjitb HeBHaKOMHfl... SsoHKH—TpeTifli, HeiBepTHfi^ 

AOMI) HanOJIHH6TCH JIK)ABMH, H, KB,KTi Ha Pp'bX'By HHKOFO 3HaK0- 

Maro CB xo3flHHOM'B. 5KeHa yate roBopHTB HH^enKt no ceKperyr 
„TH 6h, AynieHKa, nocJiaJi-B sa ropoAOBHMH. Bor-B hx^b 3HaeTB> 
HTO y 9Toro coCpanii! na yni, ne pa36oflHHKH jih'L" 

— Xa-xa!— pa3Aajica CMix^B. 

— TyrB, K'B c^acTBH), npitxaji'B 3a6HBHHBHft arHTaTopi>, a- 

BCe BHaCEHJIOCB... 

Pjbi6ajiBi^eBTE> i^HCjiymaifB pa3CKa3i>, cjiafio yjiHCajicB. 

— HiaKB... cJiiAOBaTejiBHO, ao cy66oTH? — CKasajii* OH'By 
KorAa CM'tx'B saiHX'B. — H npeAJiOMCHJi-B 6h H36paTB kommhccId 
AJiH cqeia npeABapHTejiBHHX'B npeAJioacemft b-b rjiacHHO? H 
TorAa nycTB KasKAHfi npoAJiaraerB, Koro xo^eirB. Ho BanHCKaM-B..- 
Bo HBCiacame HaBasMBaHBa ^yacHxii MHini^ hjih KasAHAaTOB-B- 
A KOMMHCciH noABeAOT-B HTorn npeAJioateniflt. SanHCKH »e, b-b^ 
npHcyTciBiH co6paHifl[, nponiHypyeM'B h oneHaTaeMX — Hbett' 
yroAHO nenaTBio... He TB.Kb jih? 

— Otjih^ho! 

— SarbM'B, ecjiBr BTopn^Hoe coCpame OAofipHTB HaMineH- 

RUXTi RaHA(7AaT0Bl>; BCh MH CTaH^MB nOAAOp^HBaTB EXOb Ha 

BHCopax-B. CorjiacHH? 

— BnojiH-fe! 

— TaK'b MHJiocTM npomy B'b cy66oTy; HBB'bmy BchTh, Biy 
KOTopoM-B Hacy... H HaAtiocB, MH CyAeMTb cojiHAapHH B'B rjias- 

HOM-B? IIOTOMy HTO 6e3'B COJIHAapHOCTH — HTO ^6? ^fit rOJIOBHH. 

IT B'B nojii AHMHTCH, a OAHa H B'B HeHH TacHerB... 

— HHKOJiafl EBreHBOBH^'B! - AOCpOAyniHO B3M0JIHJICfl MOCKHT-^ 

cRia. — y MOHH acyp^HRCB, a He npeABHCopnoe coCpanie. Co6- 
pajiHCb jiioAH Ha naniKy naio, B'B bhht'b noHrpaiB... a oh^b — cb 
npoeRTaMH... H RaR-B ^ejiOB^Ry He naAoicTB RaacAyio MnnyTy o 
ropoACRHX'B A^JiaxTi AyMaTB? KorAa bh ycniBaexe npn btomte^ 
eme H CBoefl RpHMHHajiBHOil npaKTHRofl saHHMaTbca? 



DEPB^^l PASCBATOM'K. 37 

— Ah npaBj^a,— noTsepAHJTB HHRonatt EBreHbeBHH7», — no- 
jcrpaTB B'B BHHTb TonepB 6jiaropa8yMH'6e. 

HacTb My»cHHHi>^ B'B rowb HHCJi'b H PuOajiJbiteB'b, chjim sa 

fCapXH B'B yrJIOBOtt rOCTHHOtt, RI> HKHT* npHCOeAHHHJJHCB wh- 

KOTopHH Hdi) AaMi>. Ilocjrb Han rto-to erpaji'B na iiiaHHHo, 
KTo-TO n'feji'B, HO B'B oOn^eifB 6ujio HOBeceJio. MocRHxcRitl aaHH- 
Maji'B paaroBopoiTB ne nrpaBniHX'B B'B KapTH MyHc^nn'B. Kcema 
A^piaHOBHa cHA'&Jia cpeAH 6oJi'be cojihahhx'b AaiTB. Ona npH- 
^MiyaiHBajiacB Kiy TOMy, hto roBopHJin, noAanajia peiuiHRH, ecJiH 
j^aMCRaH 6ec'hjsfii saMHpajia, h pacTepHHHO yjmOajiacB. 



xy. 

Ilocji'b nojiynoHH npi'bxajia cb ROHi^epxa ^Rena PHOajiBi^eBa, 
JiHAiH FpHropBeBHa; ee conpoBo»^;iaji'B mojioaoK Sjiohahh'b bo 
4>paR'6, JSfiURjiOB'b. 

PnOajiBi^eBa, — xopomenBRaa nceHii^iiHa,' jrhrh ABaAi^axH ceMH, 
TeiiHaa maxeHRa^ qohth 6pK)HeTRa cb BBK)i]:tHMHCfl BOJiocaicH, — 
(Jujia OA'bTa no BeqepHeny, cb otrphto^ meett h pyRaMH, B'B 
a«ypHoe 6'fejioe njiaxBe Ha aejieHOBaTOM'B nexji* cb xyAoace- 
^TBeHHo-padpncoBaHHHMH HpHcaifH Ha sejienoS TRana, BCTaB- 
jieHHO^ MBAaJiBOHaMH cpeAH O'bjiaro a^sypa. Ha JIhaIh FpH- 
ropBBBH'fe ciflJiH Aparoi^tHHocTH; OpacjieTH BBefffejiH na ea py- 
icaxi), KBKb i^tnEf, ApoHcau^aa 6pHJiJiiaHT0Baji arpexRa ocji'^hh- 

TeJIBHO ROJIHXaJiaCBB'B TeMHUX'B BOJIOCaX'B, npH Ra»CAOM'B abh- 

^eniH PH6ajiBi^eBof!. Ea rH6RaH ^^^rypa ABHrajiacB, tohho h8- 
BHBaacB, H 8T0 npHAasajio eH cxoactbo cb RpacHBO^ swh^Koti. 
HacHHe-cfepHe h onenB BHpaaHTejibHHe rjiaaa JIhaIh Fpn- 

rOpBeBHH, CB CHHeBOflt BORpyr^ B'feR'B, CMOTpijIH HJiyTOBaTO H 

HyTB-HyTB npecHmcHHo; TOHROBaraa poaoBua ryCH xaRace bh- 
pa^ajiH saTaeHHyx) npecuii^eHHOCTB. 

PuCajiBE^eBa BHecjia aa co6o^ crpy^Ry myna h oacHBJieHia 
B'B cRyHHO HacTpoenyE) rocTHHyx) Mocrhtcrhx^b. 

JiHAia FpHFopBeBHa pasBaaHo roBopHJia BCJiyx'B, noBHAHMOMy, 
Bce, HTo npnxoAHJio efl na yM'B. Ee ne crtcnajio onacefiie yRo- 
iioTB, ofiHA'&TB HJiH aaA'i^TB Roro-HH6yAB HaHeROM'B, H ona He 
i^epeMOHHjiacB hh cb r'^m'b, ne ii];aAHjia nnoFAa h caMO^ ce6a. 
H RaRia 6u pncROBanHHa BemiH hh roBopnjia ona, e^ Bce npo- 
lAajiocB H j^oaBOJiajiocB, RaR'B naCajioBaHHOMy, He anaioiiiieMy 
jAepacy, HOBci^MH JiH)6HM0My pe6eHRy. Ee xaR'BH HaausajiH cpeAH 
3HaR0Miix'B: i'enfant terrible. Ona yme otjihhho ycBOHJia cBOfl 
T0H% paaB^aHaro peOeHRa h cyM'&iia aacxaBHTB Apyrnxi) npHdHaxB 
aa HOK) npaBo na 6eai^epeM0HH0CTB. CeMeHT> CxenaHOBHH'B o6pa- 
niajica cb PnCaJiBi^eBOfi co cbo6oaho^ (|)aMHJiBapHOCXBK) cxap- 
maro no Boapacry; ofb tobophjtb efl: „M0ft Apy^oR-B** h cjierRa 



38 pyCOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

iioAAPS'dHHBaJi'B ee bt> pasroBopt, Kan's RanpHSHaro peCoHKa. Pbi- 
CaJiBi^eBy noBHaKOMHJin ci> neTpoM-b HjibmeMTb, h ona bbohko 

KpHKHyJia MoCKHTCKOMy: 

— BanrB iiJieMHHHiiRi>? KaROtt oht> y sacb RpacHBUfl! 

neTpii HjIBHH'b CR0H(|)y3HJICH. 

— TojiBKO npoBHHi^iaji'b eme, — npoAOJiatajia PHCajibi^eBa, 
HaHBHH^aH. — CeMCH-b CTenaHOBHHT>, oTAaflxe mh* njieMamy B'b 
HayKy? OrflaAHTe? 51 ero B'B csiTB bhbobhtb 6y;iy. 

— BepHTO, ecjiH notijieTh, — cb ckphthm'b sHa^eeieMTi cjiob'b 

OTB-fcTHJIb MoCRHTOKitt. 

— A OB'S MOHCeTB H HO HOflTH? YnpflMHtt? 

— KaHteica, — jiyRaBO ii Bce noAApasHHBaa PafiajiBi^eBy, cRa- 
sajib MocKiiTCKi£t. 

— TfeM'B Jiynme. To h i^^hho, hto He AaeTca bx pyRH... 
Kceeia AApianoBHa, bhah CMymenie flerpa UjiBH^a, hsm*- 

HHJia pasroBop-b. 

— KaR'B PettaeHayBp'B? — cnpocHJia ona y PH6ajiBi^eB0ft. — 
Xoponio Hrpaji-B? 

— CnpocHTe y ApKaAia IlaBJioBH^a. fl b%ab b'b MyauRt 
HHHero He cmhcjiw, poBHexoHBRo Hmero. YAapHTca BByK'B oe-b 
yxo H OTCKO^HTi), HB HpoHHRaeTB AflJiBmel JIioAH iBAHTb no 
ROHi^epxaMx, H a 3a jiioabmh, hto me mhIs oTCTanaTB OTh Apy- 
THX'b? Ho cana, RpoM* uHrancRHX'b n'fecenoR'b, HHRaKOtt HHoft 
My3HRH He noHHMaio. 

— A H3'b Bamnx'b i^HraHCKHXb ntceeoKb cnoerenaM'b ^to- 
HH6y Ab?— ripe A JiOHCHjia PuCajibiieBoft Kcenia AApianoBHa jiacKOBO, 
RaKx HenpaBociioco6HOMy pefioHKy. 

— CnoK)... HO nocji*, Tenepb — ^aftRy! IIpoMO^HTb ropjio 
xoHOTca. H 5Kapa ^e Bb ABopascROtt 3aji'fe!.. 

Efl: noAaJiH qait ch caHABH^iaMH h (|)pyKTaMH. Oea Cb pe6a- 
HecKHM-b anneTHTOM-B HCTpeCjiajia ^pyKTH, BwCnpaa, ^to noco^- 
Hte, H He npoRpamajia bbohroI! 6ojitobhh. 

— TaRaa sKapuma xaM^B! He KonqepT'B-— My^eFibe... A TyTb 
eme ApKaAifli IlaBjioBHHb co cbohmh ceHieHiiiiaMH. y Peltae- 
Hay9pa, roBopHTi>, caMoe naTeTH^ecKoe MtcTO, a bh B^Baeie. 
A ecjiH MHi CKy^HO h 3'feBaeTca? FoBopHrB: aojihcho ocTope- 
raTBca jiioAeflt, ROTopne He noHHMarorB My3HRH... 

— AThy AepBKitt!— rayxa B03MyTHJica MocRHTCKift. 

— ^epBHTB, Ha KamAOMTb mary a^PSht'b. IIoAosp'feBaio, ne 

XO^eVb JIH OHl) HJltHHTB MeHa CHCTOMOfl A6p30CTefl? Bh MH'fe 

HaAO-fejiH, ApRaAifi XlaBJioBH^b! nocjitAHitt paa-b BH'fe3HcaH) (yb 

BaMH. 

J^eMHAOB-b, onycTHBb rjia3a, ne B03pa5Kaji'b h ho onpaBAH- 
Bajica, TOJibRO Ha ryfiax'b ero CROJib3Hyjio BHpa^Kenie, nanoMH- 
Haromee capRacTH^ecRyio ycMiniKy. 



nflPlAl PA3CBN0MI. 39 

— y Myaca CTOJIBKO nOMOmHHKOB'b, CTOJIbKO BTHXl... 6yjJJ' 
I^HX'L KpHMHHaJIHCTOB'b. H HH OAHH'b... 

— He roAHTca b-b pHi^apn k'b naTponm'fe?— BeceJio noACKa- 

SaJTb MoCRHTCKiti. 

— Hh OAHffB! BoTb njieuamy Bamero 6paTb cb co6ok) 6yAy... 
ecoiH noiAeTB co MHoa. JIoiAeTe? Xothto npoBoacaxb Mena 
BM'J^CTO Toro rocnoAHHa? 

PjbiSajjbi^eBa BRCi^eHTpHiHo h ynopHO rjiHA'bJia Wb rjiaaa 
Ilexpy HJibH^y. 

— Cb yAOBOJIBCTBieATb,— CnOKOllHO OTB'fcTHJI'B IleTpt HjIbHH'b. 

Offb yace onpaBHJicji orb CMymenia h ynpaiio coxpanajTb 
caMooSjiaAame doab npncTajibHHirb BSopoMB JIhaIh FpHropbeBEH, 
TaRB HTO eft npHmjiocb oTBecTH rjiaaa nepBoft. 

— Kcenia AApianoBHa, MHJian! — aameOexajia ona, — cRaatHTe, 
ecjiH He ceRperB... bb ^eui> bh 6yAeTe Ha saRJiaAR'l^ Raaa- 
jiHsauiH? KaRoa i^b'j^tb? 

— A a He ptmHJia ein;e... 

— PimaflTe ace. Hero pasAyMHBaTb? BaniB nepBHft o$(J)h- 
i;iajibHBift BHXOAB, HaA^BaftTe 6'fejioe! Ha — bb C^jiomb, ny- 
TOHRy cb acejiTH3Hoa, npejiecTHHtt oTT'bHOR'b; loneHbRoe, tohk)- 
ceHbRoe cyRHo, h mjiana hoab RORonmHRB... Bijiaa, (yb cyjixa- 
Hoicb. BHue-ryCepHaropma BcerAa bx jimioBOirb, ho aio Mpanno. 
HaA'i^Hbie H BH 6'i^jioe, hto6h MHi^ ne 6HTb oahhorhmb nar- 
homb! Xopomo? 

— Xopomo, HBBojibTe. 

— B.iaroAapH). Bh — npenecTb, Kcenia AApianoBHa... Sna- 
HHTb, MH BB OtJioMB? TojibRO 6h HOFOAa npoAepatajacb xopo- 
niaa. KaRB pasMORponoroAHTca rb TOMy BpeMenn! YatB noAO- 
mjjfiijm 6h ao BecHH, ecjiH ne ycn'bjiH jt^tomb. KaRofl cmhcjtb 
Tenepb saRjiaAHBaTb? HepesB m'^chi^b seiiJiH 3aMep3HeTB, Bce 
paBHO npeRpaxHTB paCdTH... Crapan Aywa ToponHTcn, Bce xo^erB 
noRasaTb ce6H nepeAB BHCopaHH: a mh BaMB RaHajindamiio 
ycTpoHjm! 

JiHAia FpHropbeBHa CA'feJiajia BHSHBaDme-ROBapnyH) rpn- 
MacRj BB cTopony MocRHTCRaro. 

— HaAo HM-B, htoCh Ha Aome^R* aapHJiH bb seMJiro na na- 
MHTb noTOMCTBy: npH rpaACROMB rojiOBi TaROMB-xo, npn xa- 
RHXB-xo H xaRHXB xo cxoJHiaxB oGn^ecxBa, sajipacHjiH RanajiH- 
aaiQio... 

MocRHxcRitt He CMyxHJiCH ox^ yROJia. 

— A xoxb 6h h xaRB, Apy»coRB MOft?- CRaaajTB ohb Ph- 
6ajibaeBofl. — HamB nocbB'B, nama h ataxBa. H ne xojibRO rpaA- 
cRoro rojiOBy, h HnROJian EBreHbeBH^'ia Ha nepBOMii M'bcyrb na 
naMAXb noxoMCXBy EHnnmeMB. KanajiHBaAia— npeacAe Bcero ero 
A'JbxHuxe. Ohi> npeAcbAaxejiB npaBJieniH RanajiHsai^iH. Ohb oahh- 



40 PyOOKOB BOrATGIBO. 

HaAI^aTB SrhTb pyROBOAHJTB nOArOTOBHTeJIBHHlCH pa60TaMH, RaRi» 

rjiacHufl AyHH... TopmecTBO ne crojibRo Hame, CROJibRO ero. 

— A aten* ero ne noflyMajiH? Y BacB — TopmecTBO, a HaMi), 
xcenaM'b BamHifL, naHRafi b'b rpH8H nJiaTBa. 

— FpaBH eme HtTb, KpymoKh not!. 

— Ho uomeTb 6uTb Kb xoMy BpeMenn? Ocenb na ABop*. A 
3HaeTe? KaHajiHsai^ioHHUfl aRuin noAHMaDTOi! Xoth BceTaRH 
eme ne b-b r^ifffe. Ho y eixtb ecxb Cyflyniiee: oH'fe noflj^yra B'b 
ropy, He CMOTpa hh Ha RaRie rjiyaHe cjiyxH! Kor^a ROHRy ot- 
RpuBajiH, TaRJKe 6hjih BCHRie tojirh. H TOJiROBajiH CAypy! A 
ceK^acb Kh aRi^inM-b rohrh npncryny Firb! He AORynnmbCH. 

— OTRyAa y nacb, ApyacoR'b MOfl, TaRia 6HpateBHa no- 
8HaHia? 

— A BiAB fl — OAeccHTRa. Bh bblCujikI A B'b OAeccfe y nacb 
Bct cb Cnpatefl snaROMH. Bet cnoRyjinpyrorb noHeMHO«Ry. — 
JiHAia FpHropbeBHa cAtoaJia nayay, npnaaAyMajiacb, rjiaaa y 
Hea sacM'i^jiHCb, h ona AOROH^naa cb a*tcro1! HansHOCTbro: — 
H He B'b OAHoft OAeccfe. CnoRyaaAia — BesA'fe. BcaRii na hto- 
HH6yAb Aa cneRyanpyerb. 

— HoHeMHo^Ry? — aacM-haaca MocRHTCRift.— A noasaayfl, h 

TaR'b, Apy^toR'b MOfl. 

— A BH? Ha HTO BH cneRyanpyeTe, CeMeHTb CTenano- 

BHH-b? 

— fl? — MocRHTCRiflt npHHOAHaai* BBepx-b OpOBH H HaMop- 
in;Ejrb jioCTb, coo6paacaa, Ranaa HMeHHo y nero cnoRyaai^ia. — 
fl? — noBTopnaTb OH'b b, HaROHeAij, nameaca: — Ha necTHOCTb, 
jUpymoR-b Mofl. Mh cb HHRoaaeM-b EBreHbeBH^eM'b cneRyan- 
pyeM-b Ha ^ecTHooTb. ToabRo na necTHOCTb. 

JiHAia FpHropbeBHa sacMtaaacb rpoMRO, bbohro h Beceao. 

— Bh — xopomie cneKyaanrH, — saMtTnaa ona. — J^iao npoH- 
Hoe... xora Me^aHTeabHoe: BHacHAaTb «oaro npnxoAHTca. 

— CnimHTb HeRyAa. H mh TepnianBH. . 

— A a — H'feirb. Mni — ^to6h ciio MHHyTy 6Hao to, ^ero xony. 
HoAaTb HeMe^oHHo! 

— A Roan He noAaAyi'b?— -noAffpasHHai MocRHTCRia. 

— CaMa BOSbMy, OTHHMyl 

— Oro! 8to yace ne cneRyaai^a, a pasfiofi? OTHHMarorb 

TOabRO pa86oflHHRH, MO]tt APyM^ORT). 

— HycTb pa86ofl... nycTb, too yroAHO. Ho hto6h 6Hao to, 
lero a aceaaio! 

— Bh, RaaceTca, h cniib RSiWb BHpasHaH meaanie? — aio- 
(5e3HO HanoMHHaa PnCaabi^eBoK Kcema AApianoBHa. 

— 51 nOMHK). 

HayTOBCRie raasRH PnOaabi^eBoia ocTanoBHaHCb na Hexpi 
HabH^i. Ona yaHfinyaacb, to^ho npnaacRaBniH HoTpa HabH^a 
Ha pascToaHiH, h nomaa Kb mannno. ARROMnannpoBaTb cbaa 



^ 



niPlAl PA8CB«T0M!E. 41 

cMyrjia^ OapuiuHJi bt* ^epHOMT> n:iBjn>% BHCoRaa h TOHRafl, 
KBR'b xpocTHHRa. FojiocoR'B y JIhaIh rpHFopBeBHu 6ujrb MH8ep- 
HN^, HO whjih ona HpesBNHa^iHo BupasHTejiBHO, ch TaRHirb hb- 

VBWb OTrtHKOM'b HyBCTBeHHOCTH, HTO BHpaBHTejIbHOCTb BH Ilt- 

ma He nojviemajia ABo^Roiiy TOJiROBamD. 

Hapi> TBOHXT> MH'b HC c6pOCHTb OKOBU^ 
H BO BJiaCTH TBOeft KpaCOTbll — 

H'bjia ona h b'b ynoyb vjiHffbJiBL Ha Ilexpa HiBuna, RaRi) 6u 
o6paiitaHCB r'b HOMy. 3a aTHiii* poMaHcoifB PnOajiBaeBa hchoji- 
HHJia Apyrofl, Tpeiift, eme nicROjiBKO, — bc* oannaROBaro no- 
niH6a. Ea. irbme naajieRTpHBOBajio rocTHHyK). JJjblsrb y CeMena 
OrenaHOBHHa 3a6jiecT^JiH ero xojioAHO-Oesy^acTHHe rJiasa; y 
jlBopefi noRBBajiHCB HPpoRH, ocTaBHBmie RapiH — pa^H n'^mn. 

nOJIBII];eHHH^ H BBBOJIHOBaHHUt), IleTp'B HjIBH^'B HO MOHB OTJsfk- 

JiaTBCH orB HyBCTBa hojiobrocth sa PuOajiBi^eBy: eMj 6hjio 
noHTH cthaho h 3a 8Ty xopomeHBRyD seHn^Hny, h sa aa 

IIocji* JiHAiH FpHropBeBHn ynpocHJiH h^tb ^eMH^osa. Y 
Hero oRasajicfl necHJiBHHtt, ho npnroAHHt} ajui cajioHHaro irh- 
Hifl TeHopoR'B. J^eMHAOB'B BHOpaji'B jxJisi HcnojiHOHiH: „Kto th, 
njiyroBRa, a He BHaK)**... HaHBHo-^HCTiift mothbi> rapMonnpoBajTB 
00 cjioBaMH: „Ho irhcEsmi> si tbohmi> BHHMaD B'B uoen'b y6o- 

rOM-B ^eJIHORi"... 

nponixaa HenocpeACTBeHHO bcji'6a'b aa penepiyapoMB Ph- 
6ajiBi^eBo^y BeiDinqa axa noRaaajiacB Ileipy HjiBHiy nyTB jih ne 

HffeajIOlffB HHCTOTU. 

„npo-CTH flo HO-Ba ro CBH-AaHB-a, H HO-BHX'B n*-ceHB Ha- 
aa-api!*' — cjiymajTB IleTpi Hjibh^'b, h eMy BcnoMHHajiocB pan- 
Hee yTpo B'B Bhcorhx'b JIj6B.x'b Ha^i) P'i^HHii];eMi> h poaoBaa 
Ilojiioca CB ea acHHMH rjiaaaMH, h ein;e ^to-to, hb HMiromee 
HasBama, ho nojiHoe CBtatecTH, pa^ocTHaro HacTpoema, noasm 
H HHCTOTH... H IleTpy HjiBH^y fcaaajiocB CTpaHnHM-B, RaR-B aTo 
TaRHxx, no^TH HaHBHHXB RapTHHaxi*, noeTB XOTa H MOaOAOfl, 
HO, BtpoaTHO, ycniBHiifl hihCro noacaiB Mym^HHa ch npeatj^e- 
BpeMeHHHMH cRjia^RaMH yTOMJienia no CTopoHaMi) nojmaro, ^yB- 
CTBeHHO-o^ep^eHflaro pra, TorAa RaR-B tojibro hto nepoAi) hem^b 
MOJioAaa acenmHaa aai) Rpyra npHJinnnaro o6iu;ecTBa Ceai^epe- 
peMOHHo pacQibBaaa Bofb anaerB o '^eM'B... 

FocTH Ha^ajiH paBiiaataTBca rb TpeM-B ^acaMi HO^m, nocjit 
ofiHJiBHaro, noa^Haro yatHHa. 3a y^iiHOM'B PnfiajiBi^eBa o^yiH- 
jiacB Boaat Ilerpa HjiBH^a. He ntiTaacB 6oJiBme ero cMyxHTB, 
ona aaAopHO Ooaraaa, h yacnmb npoaerhaTb oth nero neaaMixHO. 

R'B ROHi^y Benepa Kcenia AflpianoBHa orB ycraaocTH noCatA- 
Hibaa jifi CHHeBH. 

— He no cepAn;y efl: moh anaROMHe,— yRaaaax na nee Eeipy 



42 P7C0S01 BOFATOTBO. 

Hjihuny MocKHTCRifl, npoBOAHsniH nocjrbAHflro rocra. — Ejie 

Owb mymjrb, ho hto-to noxoacee Ha aeejiHHyK) yKopHsny 
6hjio b'l ero inyTRt. 

Kceniii A^pianoBHa nocn'ibmHO npeBosMorjia cBoe yro- 
MJieHie. 

— H BcerAa a TaK'bl — BcrpeneHyBniHCb, CRaaajia ona. — IIo- 
MHHie, nexp-B HjibH^t, KaKTb HBMy^HJiacB Ji jrfeTOM'b? Hpita- 
majin MOH :Re TOBapHinjE, aprHcru... ao ^ero pa^a hitb Oujial 
A HCTOMHJiacb — He npHBe^H Bon. 

— fl Tor^a AyMajii), hto bh cjiaxtexe! — cm'^hcb, Ao6aBHjrB 

IleTpB HjIbKHT*. 

MoCRHTCRilS nOB'J^pHJTb H CT^JTb BeCOJlis. 

KceHia AApiaHOBHa na^ajia roBopHTb ct> yMbimjieHHoa o»chb- 
jieHHocTbio: 

— KaRot! cHMnarHiHK^ PH6ajibi^eBi>, ush owb npaBHTCAl H 
oHa, JIhaIh FpHFopbeBHa, HHJia. Mhofo 6ojiTaeTi>, npaBAa, Jinm - 
Haro. Ho, A0JI9KH0 6uTb, TOJibRo Ha cjioBaxT> TaRaa aRcrpaBa* 
raHTHaa... 

CeMeH-b CrenaHOBHH'b yjiEiOnyjica. 

— Ka^eTca, H Ha a'^'^ pasHyBAaHHaa 6a6eHRa, — BBM'bTHJi'b 
OHB. — He TOJibRo Ha cjioBax-b. Myacb npeAocTaBJiaerb A*JiaTb, 
HTo yroAHO, H eli Bce cxoahtb cb pyRii. PHfiajibqeB'b othochtch 
RB ea noBeAemK) no-$HJioco(|)CRH. 

— no-(|)HJioco$cRn?— noBTopHJia Kcema AApianoBHa, A*Jiaa 
BHA'b, 6yATo ee HHTepecyerb 9to. — KaRofi ohb AOJiHRaTHHfl! 

— He 6ojibmaa eme A^JiHRaraocTb ne HaBasHsaTb ce6a «eH- 

mnflt, ROTOpOfl TH BIj THrOCTB. 

Bb cjioBax'B MocRHTCRaro cjiumajica cRpuTbi^ cmhcji'b, eo 
Kcenia AApianoBHa pascbaHHO ne saM'bTHjia aioro. MocRHTCRitt 
AoroBopHJTb: 

— IIocROJibRy a ero noHHMaio, ohb CMOTpmrb na cBofli CpaRi* 
terb: coAiajiB rjiynocTb h MOJinajiHBO nepeHomy nocji^ACTBia. 

— KaRB? KaRB? — HHCTOcepAeHHo pascMtaJiacB Kcenia AApia- 
noBHa.— CoA'baji'B rjiynocTB h...? 

MocRHTCRiK BHHMaTejiBHO norjiaAi^jTB Ha nee^ h ea CM'bx'B 
o6opBaj[ca. HacTopo^KHBmHCB 6ojiBnie npeacaaro, ona to^ho 
miTajiacb sarjiaAHTb RaRoft-TO cBofl: npoMaxTb h roBopnjia o Ph- 
CajiBi^eBHXB: 

— Ohh — He napa. Hs-b pasHHX'B onepB... H RaR-B ero no- 
nyxajio ^KeHHTBca? 

— He OHB aceHHjica, ero acennjiH, — OTBiTHJi-B MocRHTCRift 
6e3'B npeacHHX'B Becejitix'B oTrfeHROBTj b^b rojioci. — JlHAia^TpH- 
ropbesna rocinjia y TeTRH, a TOTRa acHJia na JiSLH'h y HHROJiaa 
EBreHbOBH^a... TaM-B ero hbjiobhjih h oRpyrnjiH. PnORa Rpyn- 
naa^ ctohjio nottiiaTB... 



DBPEA'B PASOB^TOMl. 43 

— A owb — HTO? YBJieKca? 

— BpaA'b JiH... He Ha-B yBJieKaiomHxca, KaKi* 6yATo, h He 
rHMHasHcrb: otb nepBaro 6paKa jifbTE BspocJiHa. Btpnie, npo- 
CTO He cyM'feji'B OTKasaTb. A Hnpo^eMT)... MoacerB, h ysJieKCH. 
Ero He paaraAaeniB. HeoGuRHoseHHo CKpuTen'L. Co bc^mh xo- 

pomi), HO HH CL K'hWb HO fijIHBOKt, BB AyHiy »!> COCt HHKOrO 

He nycTHTL. MoaterL, h yBJiencH. 

OcTaiOK'b Ho^H EeTp-L HjibH^'b He cnaji-B, pasAyMHBaa o 
KpacHBOfli, pa3Hy3AaHH0fli PuOanbi^eBoft, KOTopaa otkphto bh- 
cKasHBajia, hto owh eti nonpasHjica... 

0. H. OjibHeni. 



(OKOHKanie CAfbdyenn), 



* » 



He 3B0Hi> i^ineft MeHH iiyraeTt, 

He CEOAH KaMOHHO^ TIOpBMH, 

He CHja Bcery6aiij,e]tt tbmh 

Mofl yMt OeacHJibeMB nopaataoTi). 

PaapyinHTL mo5kho TiopeM^b cboah 

H 3BeHbfl I^'fenH MOmHO CfiHTb, 
Ho TtX-B HeJIb3H OCBOfiOflHTb, 

Koro nyraeTB bha^ cboCoah! 



JlHTepaiypHafl A^HiejibHoeTb A©Ka- 

dpHCTOBT). 

V. KoHApaxlft OeAopoBH^i Pu-iteBi. IIocjrbAHie voji^u. 



I. 

nepBoe TafiHoe o6iq;ecTBO^ bi Koxopoe Bciyirajii Phji^obi 6ujia 
MacoHCEa^ jiOHa. Ilonajii ohi bi Hee eii^e bi 1820 ro^y, Kor^a, 
TOJiBRo ?T0 seHHBmHGL, Ha RopoTKifi cpoR'B npiissaji'B B'B IleTep- 
6yprb. OB'S BCTynHJi'B b'b 8to o6niecTBO, KaK'B BciynajiH Torjua BecLMa 
MHorie HOJEO^iiBie ji]d;i;h, notfys^aeMHS KaRHHH yro^HO MOTHBavH, ho 
e^Ba JiH nojiHTH^ecKHMH. Jlosa nasBiBajiacL ^njiaHeHiioH^efl Seis- 
Aofl'', H A^Jia, HnpeniA BejECB bi& Hefl na nivei^KOMi HSHRi. Pu- 
jiieBi^ ^HCjEHJiGH „6paT0Mi oepBofl cTeneHH*. Easoe y^acTie npHHH- 
vskjn> owh B% MacoHGKofi „pa6oTf h ^acTo jih owh nocimjBLjn> cboio 
jrosy, MH H6 BHaeH'B, ho ecTL oGHOBaHie ^yMaTL, ^to Bxa pa6oTa 
6iiJia OHeHB cEpoMHafl n o jeh^hogth PHJifiena caHH „6paTi)fl^ 
HMiJEH npe^cTaBJieHie aobojibho cHyxHoe *). 

Co BGTynji6HieH!E Bi TafiHoe nojiHTHqecKoe o6n];eGTBO, PujifieBy, 
Kone^HO, yse ne ocTaBajoroGB BpeHeHH jijik Apyrofi TafiHofi pa6oT£i. 

PujitoBi 6uJii npHEHTi Bi neTep6yprGRoe hjeh CiBepnoe xafi-. 
Hoe o6m;eGTBO bi naqajit 1823 ro^a, Kor^a oSh^ogtbo cogtohjio hsi 
HeMHorHxi qjienoBi h totobo 6ujio paGnacTLGA. Ha^ajibHHKOMi 
o6nx6GTBa GHa^ajora coctohjh^ HEKHxa MypasbeBi^^ saxiMi bi kohi^^ 



*) TaK-b, B-b cnHCKt qjieHOBi* oht* HaaeaH-b ,o(|)HuepoM'b reapAiH" [-4. J7«- 
ww«« ,06mecTBeHHoe ABHwenie npH AjieKcanflpt I, 1895, 318—9], TorAa KaKi* 
OHT* BT* 1820 ronj o())HiiepoMi> y>Ke ne 6bi;n» h bi rBapAin HHKorAa ne c;iy- 
>KH;n». J[. KponoTOB'b [,HtcKo;ibKo CBtAenifl o PbwteBt, 236] Aep)KHTCH npo- 
THBHaro MH'bHifli H roBopHTi) drbjimeAhHOM% yqacrin PbiJiteBa bi* MacoHCKHXi* 
AtjiaxT*. Ohtj pascKaabiBaexTj, u^mny npoHHMTj, mo bt* MHHyiy apecia PbiJiteB-b 
npocHji-b CBOK) xceny 03a6oTHTbCH HCTpe6;ieHieMi> OAHtxi) TOJibKO MacoHCKHXi> 
6yMari>, JiexcaBiuHx-b oco6o bi> ero Ka6HHe'rk, KOTopbin ki* yrpy h 6bi;iH co}k- 
xceHbi. Ho BO BCHKONfb cjiyMa'b Mbi He HMteMi> HHKaKHXi> npsiMbixi> yKasanifl 
Ha MacoHCKyio AtsirejibHocTb PbiJiteBa h noTOMy He MO»eMi> Aa>Ke yTBep)KAaTb, 

qrO, HHC/IHCb Bl> HtMeUKOtt ;iO}Kt, 0H1> TtMl) CaMblM-b 6bIJIl> 065I3aHb 3HaTb 

xopomo H-bMeuKitt JisbiKi. 



JIHTlPATyPHAII A^^TinHOOTB piKABPHCTOBIr. 45 

1823 roAft Ki Heiiy Cuja iipHooeffRHeHu SHasBJi Tpy66i(Kofi h 06o- 
xenoKifi. Kor^a qepeai ro^i KHasL Tpy6ei^ofi yizui bi KieBi, 
'Ha ero mActo ^iohomi ^HpeSTopiH hah ajmu 6hijrh HasHaqeni 
Fuiievhy KOTopufi HaoTOAjii, ttoSbi BnpeAB ciH AHpesTopu hjih 
npaBHrejiH 6ujn[ ne 6e8CM!bHHUHH^ a H36Hpaj[HCB toabko Ha o^hhi 
ro^i *). 

Go BpeneHH BcrynjieHiH PajiieBa vh jsjuj, o6n^ecTBO CTajio 
o6Hapy3BHBaTB 66jiBmyi) h 6ojiie fiesnoKofinyi) a^htojibhoctb. IIpH- 
HHMaH BO BHHManie xapaKxepi Pujifiesa, aioMy jierRo noBipniB, no 
Bi ^em HMeHHo saiuiDqajiaeB ;xtATej[BHOCTB PujiieBa 1823 — 1824 
roj^oBi — o6i aTOMi CBi^inifi o^6hb Majio. HacTOfln^aH ero A'bATejCB- 
HOOTB Ha^asacB tojibko bi 1825 rosy, a ao aioro roj^a Bpeiui yzo- 
j^HJio, KaseTCH, rjaBHUMi o6pa30Mi Ha oprannaaiuK) coBin^aHift 
H Ha cHopfii noJiHTHHecKHZi nporpaMHaxi. PsuiteBi npHHHMajii 
Bi aTHX'B coBiiq;aHiflX'B h onopaxi fijinaKoe ynciJe, ofipaai Muojiefi 
ero cTaHOBHJicH Bce paj^HRajiBHfte h pig^HKajiBHie, ho j^iftcTBifi noKa 
He 6£iJio, a 6hunt cjiOBa h, KaKi yBH^Mi, AOoiaio^HO neycTofiqHBUfl. 

06iii;ecTB0 pacmnpfljiooB, ho ohohb Me^JieHHO h A&se 6jiHJsainiee 
^ijio, KOTopoe caMO co6ofi HanpanraBajiocB, t. e. o6ieAHHeHie cys^e- 
CTBynH^HXi TaflHuxi o6ii;ecTB!E ciBepnaro h DiBnaro, corjiaooBaHie 
Hxi A^ficTBifl — ^rasi h ne ABHnyjiocB BnepeAi ao caHaro KpHin^e- 
CKaro MOMenia, Kor^a o6i rpynnu, BOxynHBi ci npaBHiejiLCTBOMi 
B!E OTKpuTyK) 6opB6yy CTajiH ^ficTBOBaiB 6eai Bcasaro corjiameHJa 
H B£ipa6oTaHHaro coo6H^a njiana. 

PujiieBi 6ujvh o^HHHi nai^ rjiaBHUx'B, OTCTaHsaBniHX'B xaRyio 
HeaaBHCHHOCTB c^Bepnaro o6ii;ecTBa no oxHomeHiK) ki DSSHOMy. 
Kor^a B!E 1824 roAy 11. H. UecTejiB — rjiaBa K)SHaro o6ii^e< 
cTBa — npiiaacajii vh neTep6yprB jiflSL neperoBopoBi o BaaHM- 
HOMi oorjiameHiH, PujiieBi BCxpiTHJi'B ero HeffpysejiDdno. Upn- 
9HHBI HXi HecorJiaGiA^ A^se, KaacexcH, ccopu, JiesajiH ^acxBio bi 
Hecxoj^cxBt Hxi nojiHXHHecKHxi nporpaMMi, ^acxBD bi hxi hchxh- 
HecRofi opraHHaai^iH — vh naeocft PBUteBa h bi paac^exjiHBOGXH Ile- 
cxejra. ^IlecxejiB,— roBopHJix caMi PHjiteBi, — npiftassajii bi nexep- 
6yprB CB paaHUMH npeAJEOHeHiHHH, ho ohh Bci 6£1jih oxBeprHyxH, 
h6o npaBHJia, npHHHxuH sa^cb (x. e. bi IIexep6yprl) ne cxoAcxBOsajiH 
e% xi^HH, ROH cjiysHJiH ocHOBaHieiTB npe^JioseHifi IleGxejix: oh:b 6hj[i 
coBepmeHHO npoxHBB soHCXHxyi^iH, HanHcaHHofl Hhrhxoio MypasBe- 
flBiH'B. H BHj^tJECA CB IlecxejieM'B OAHHi pa3!B. Ohi roBopHJii Heo6- 
xojCHMOGTH coeAHHeHJH SA^mHflro o6iii;eGXBa gt> dshumi h o He^oGxax- 
RaxB ROHGXHxyAiH Hhrhxbi MypaBBeBa. SaiitxHBi bb HeMB xHxparo 
^ecxoji£)6i;a^ h yae dojiBme He xox^jib cb hhmb bb^'I^xbcji''. He- 



*) 0CH0BHbI5I CB'bA'^Hifl O pOJIH PhlJltesa Bl* TaJ!HOMl> 06meCTB'h BSflTbl Hdl) 

,JIoHeceHiH cjitACTBCHHOfl KOMMHCciH" Cn6. 1826, H H3T> ,3anHCKH o6t> ot- 
craBHOMi* noAHopy^HK-b PwjiteBt*, HaneqaiaHHofl y H. K. lUvAbdepa. .Mwne- 
paTopi* HHKo;iaJi I*. 



46 



PyOOROfl BOFATOTBO. 



npiflTHoe Bne^aiJiftHie npoHSBejn IleoTeAB He na o^Horo touxo 
PujiieBa. Korj^a PujiieB'b BucEasajn cboh no^^oapiHifl, tto IleoTen 
HejiOBiKi onaoBufi ej^jlsl PogcIh, H^Jia bhaobi oCn^eoiBa, h Kor^a 
PujiieBi npe^Jiarajn ji^^xe coe^HHeHie o6ii^ecTBi, ho ci onpeAiJtOH- 
Hofi i^iJiBK) — T£o6u He BunycKaTB IlecTejia nvh bejij h Ha6jiK)AaTb 
sa HHMi — Bci ueHu ciBepnaro o6iiieoTBa oi bthmi corjiacHjHC&, 
xoTJf ?ecT0Ji)6HBue saMHCJiu neoxejiH teki hxii HaayrajiHy qro 

OT!b MHGJIH 06ieAHHHTBCfl C!b DSHUITL 06]I^eCTB01il OHH Bl KOHI^ 

KOHi^OBi BoeiaKH OTKasajiHOB *). TaKHMi o6pa30M'L, 6Hj[a jnyn^eHa 
B08M02CHOOTB 6ojLie cofjiaooBaHHaro h piniHTejibHaro A^flcTBia, ko- 
TopuM'E IlecTejiB no npHpo^ cBoefl oiioco6eHi 6bui pjkoboahtb, h ko- 
Topoe j^ojUBHO 6fiijio aaTopMasHTBCfl h sanyTaTLca hoai pykoboactbomi 
TaRHXi GOBepineHHO ne nojiHTH^ecKHX'E h ho opraHHsaiopcsHxi 
rojiOBi, KaBHMH6iij[H PujiteBi Hero c^BepHue TOBapnnp. CaMH rja- 
Bapn ciBepnaro o6ii^ecTBa npnsHaBajiH Bnocjiiji^oTBiH, qxo „o6n^ecTBO 
Haxo^HJiocB noj^i BJUHHieMi npaBHxejiefl peBHocTHuxx h a'^^tojilhiixi, 
HO He ycniBHiHxi emfi iipio6plcTH ohuthoctb bi jj^i^jiaxi^ **). diofi 
osuTHOCTLK) HeH^e Bcsro o6jiai(aj[i PHJiiesi, xoth b% mhhjth 
6ojAq cnoKofiHaro OTHomeHiH b:b a^^T h owl noHHMajn bck) cjia6ocTB 



*) riecTe/ib, — roBopH;n> PbiJites-b, — BtpoHiHO, }Ke;iaH BUB-feflaib mchh, b-b abh 
qaca paaroBOpa co MHof) 6bi;ii> h rpa>KAaHHHOMi> CtBepo-AMepHKaHCKoH pecny- 

6;iHKH, H HanOJieOHHCTOMl>, H TeppOpHCTOKfb, TO 3amHTHHK0Ml> aHF/liflCKOfi KOH- 

cTHTyuiH, TO no6opHHKOM'b HcnaHCKOfl. HanpHMtpii, ohi> corjiama/icfl co mhoA, 
MTO o6pa3i> npaBJieniH CoeAHHeHHbixi> UlTaTOBi* ecTb caMbifl npHJiHHHbiii h 
yAo6Hbitt A^H PocciH. KorAa >Ke a 3aM'bTH/ii>, mto PoccIh ki> ceMy o6pa3y npas- 
jiema eme ne roTOBa, t. e. kt> hhcto pecny6;iHKaHCK0My, flecTCJib cTa/n* BwxBa- 
jiflTb rocyAapCTBeHHbift ycTaBi* AarmH, npHnHcuBan oHOMy nacTOHiuee 6oraTCTBo, 
cjiaey h MorymecTBo cero rocyAapcTsa. CnycTfl ntcKOJibKo BpeMCHH oht* corjia- 
CHACH CO MHofl, MTo ycTaB^ Ahfaih y)Ke ycTaptAT>, HTO TenepeuiHee npocstme- 
Hie HapoAOBi) Tpe6yerb 6oAbiuefl cBo6oAbi h coBepuieucTBa bij ynpaBACHiH, hto 
aHFAiflCKafl KOHCTHTyuiH HMterb mhoxc^ctbo nopoKOB-b h o6oAbmaerb TOAbKo 
CAtnyio nepHb, aopaobt*, KynuoB-b, ,Aa 6AH3opyKHX'b aHrAHKanoB-b"— noAXBa- 
THA-b necTCAb. rioTOMTj MHOTO FOBopHA'b OKI Bi HOXBaAy HcnaHCKaro FOcyAap- 
CTBCHHaro ycTaBa h, naKoneu'b, saiuAa ptqb h o HanoAeont. flecTCAb bockahk- 
HyAi*: ,Borb hcthhho BeAHKitt HCAOBtK-b, no MoeMy MHtniio; ywb ecAH HM^Tb 
HaAi) C060K) AecnoTa, to HM^Tb HanoAeoHa. KaK-b OH-b BOSBucHA-b 4>paHuiK)I 

CKOAbKO C03AaA'b HOBblXl* (t)OpTyHl>! OKI) OTAHqAAl) He3HaTH0CTb H AapOBaHlfl''. 

noHHBi>, KyAa Bce sto kahohhtch, a cKasaAi*: ,coxpaHH uacb Bor-b orb HanoAe- 
oHa. Aa, BnpoHeM-b, SToro h onacaTbcn Henero, — bi* Hame BpeMsi Aa^Ke h mccto- 
AK)6eii'b, ecAH TOAbKO OH-b 6Aaropa3yMeH'b, no>KeAaerb Aymue 6biTb BaiuHHrTO- 

EOWb, HCMCeAH HanOACOHOM-b*. ,Pa3yM'feeTCH--0TB'feHaA'b rieCTCAb. — 3 TOAbKO 

xoitA-b cKaaaTb, 4to ne aoahcho onacaTbcsi qecTOAiodHBuxi saMbiCAOB-b, hto 
ecAH 6u kto h BOcno;ib30BaACH HauiHM-b' nepeBopOTOMi), to eMy aoahcho 6biTb 
BTopbiMi) HanoAeoHOMi), a bi* t^kowb CAyqat Bct mu ocTaneMCJi ne bI) npoHrpbiiuf 
(Cm. .JloHecenie* CTp. 42). B-b riecTCAt TorAa MHorie xot^ah BHAtTb 6yAymaro 
HanoAeoHa (BupaMceHie H. M. lypreneBa — .BaiuHHrroH-b— PwAteBi* h BoHanapre 
— necieAb* Bi nHCbMt Kt 6paTb5iM'b orb 25 okt. 1826. ^PyccKan CTapHHa' 
1901. V, 258). 

**) „Pa36op'b AOHecenifl cAtACTBenHoii kommhccih H. MypaBbCBa h /lyHHHa** 
,3anHCKH fleKa6pHCT0B'b* III. JIohaoht* 1863, 115. 



JIBTEPAXyPHAA A^HTBJIBHOCTb ^BKABPHOTOBl. 47 

fiaJIH^HUXl CHJEl, Gl KOTOpUMH npEXO^HJIOCB A^AOTBOBaTb. ECJIH 

Bi ^acTfiuxi 6eoijifiji% ohi cTpeMHj[CH — Kasi jTBepsAft^Ti H. Be- 
cxyaceBi — ^npeAcxaBjiflTB j^jia o6Q^eGTBa b% JLj^mews, BRn!k, ^i^'h ohh 
6ujiEy H Bi nojuiHHHuxi pasroBopaxi roBopHn o pacnpocxpaHeHiH 
^HCJia ^jieHOBi^ *)j TO, KBKi BHAHO H81 ero noKasamfl, ohi bc6- 
TaKH He caMOo6ojii>ii(ajicH Hao^erb chjiu, saKofi Bct ohh paonoJia- 
rajiH. Ton se H. EecTyseRi aacTaBJTHeni PuiieBa QpHSHaib bcd 
cjiadocTB Hxi opraHHsai^iH **)^ a cam PujiteBi bi 6ec^js/h ci 
Tpy6ei^KHM'B npnsHaBaJicH, qxo cteepnoe o6h^6ctbo ^coBepmeHHO 
HHqero ho Mosexi cj^ijiaxL, eojiH npo^ie ^joreHu ajmu 6YjijTh jifit- 
cxBOBaxL no npesHeiiy^. oe6t se caMOMi ohi roBopnJii, hto 
0H!b 6yffeTi i,6e3irojie3HaH sepxBa"*. 

He CMOxpH Ha xaKoft ne^ajibHBifi BarjiH;^^, anepri^ PujiieBa He 
0GJia6foaj[a, h bc% rxo hombhti ero na co6paBiax'E, — coxpaHHjiH bi 
CBOefl naMflXH ero BOcxopxeHHufi o6jihbi h HepBHO HaapflseHHyn 
pftu. CyABH oxM^THJiH vh cBoeMi o6BHHeHiH 8xy ero Bocxop- 

SeHHOOXB H CyeXJIHBOGXb, EOXOpUH I^aJIE HM'B nOBOJl[l j^yHaxb, ^xo 

OHi dujii symofi scero saroBopa. PujiteBi caMi yKptaHJH hxi b% 
axoMi MHiniB, npHSHaBa^ Ge6H rjiaBHuiii bhhobhhkom'e npoHomecx- 

Bift 14 A6Ba6pH. „Sl MOFB BGe OCXaHOBHXb, — rOBOpHJIl OHl CBOHM'L 

cyABAMi, H, HanpoTBBi), 6ujn> ajih ^pyrnxi Dary6HHMi npHiiipoHi 
npecxynnoft peBHOGXH** ***). Bi bxomi npHaHaniH 6hjio, o;^HaKO, 
ropasAO 6ojibnie sejiaHiji onacTH ji^fyTETh, q^Mi sejiaaifl Gsasaxb 

HGXHHy. 

EgJIH PuJltOBl H KHnHTHJICHy XO GaMO A^IO J^BHFaJIOGb O^eHb 

MeAJKeHHO, H PujiteBi ne Morx hh noxoponHXb^ hh saxopHasHTb ero. 
J(tHxejD[bHOGTb PujitoBa cocxoHJia, rjiaBHUMi ofipaaoMiy b% npH- 

BJieneHiH HOBUXl qJieHOB'b H B% ycXpoflGXBt G06paHifi. OH'b npHHXJI'b 

vh o6n^ecxBo mhophxi: A. BecxyseBa h RaxoBcnaro (Koxopue coGxaB- 
JTHJIH ero ^oxpacjEb"), Cyxro^a, KoseBBHKOBa, khhsh OAoeBCRaro, Hh- 
KOJiaH, Hexpa h Mnxanjora BoGxysseBUxi, TopGona^ BaxensoBa^ Ha- 
HOBa, B. K»xejib6eKepa, SanajiHniHHa, Ap6y80Ba h Apyrnxi ****). 



*) ,BocnoMHHaBie o Pbuiteet* H. BecTyxcesa. CoHuneHiR PbiJitesa, Jlelin- 
OHTb, 1861, 30. 

**) TaMi> xce, crp. 31. 
***) floHeccHie, 62. 

****) y PfcjjiteBa 6faiJia, Ka^ercfl, ubicnb npHCTernyTb kt> o6mecTBy FpHScb- 
AOBa H XoMflKosa. Tpy6eiiKofl yTBep}KAa;ii>, qro ohi> cjibiiiia;ii>, 6yAT0 PbiAt- 
eBi> npHHJiJii> rpH6otAOBa bi> qjieubi. PbuiteB'b na cyAt OTsepr-b sto, roBopa, 
HTO rpH6otAOBi> ,no;iaraAi> Pocciio Kb KOHCTHTyuioHHOMy npae/iefliio He roTo- 
BOio h ci> HeoxoToft BxcAHAb Bb cyxcACHie o ceMb npeAMert. rpH6otAOBb xce 
noKasajib, mto PbijiteBb eiiy o raflHuxb nojiHraqecKHx-b saMbic^axb HHHero ne 
oncpfaiBajib (06b 3rMacTH rpH6otAOBa Bb K^'h AeKa6pHCT0Bb CMTp. 77. E. HfeeO' 
Aes'b „A. C FpHficbAOBb h AeKadpHcru* Cn6. 1904). 

4to Kacaercfl XoiiflKOBa, to .BcrptqaMCb cb AeKa6pHCTaifB y cBOHXb poA- 
CTBeHHHKOBb MyxaHOBbixb, XoMflKOBb Bcryna^-b cb bhmh Bb ropsmie cnopu, yTsep- 
xcAasi, vio H30 Bcfexb peBOAioiiifl cauan HecnpaBeAAHBaii ecTb peaoAiouifl Boen- 
Hafl. Pasb OBb AC no3AHeft homh npocnopHAi* cb Pbi/iteBUMb, AOKasuBasi eny 



48 pyOOKOl BOFATOTBO. 

ByxyHH MeH^e o6pa80BaH!E bi noJiHTH^ecKOMi onuojii, qim, Haap., 
HHKHTa MypaBLOBi, JIjhhhi, EaTeHKOBi^HnsoJiaft TypreneBi (so- 
TopEifi^ Bnpo^OMi, Torj^a shjtb sa rpaHHi^efi), Pujiiesi 6urh ope;(v 
HHXi HaH6oj[Binifi oaHrBHHHKi H ^eJiOBiEi HaH6oj[te pi&asaro 

CJIOBa. YoTfUAJTh OWh B'B 810111 OTHOIHeHiH OAHOHJ JIHIBb HsyOoBH^J^ 

npo KOToparo h cJi^ACTBeHHaji ROHifHccifl roBopHJia, qxo OHi ^chjiiiHo 
A^^ficTBOBajii Ha PfiuiteBa'' '^). Ho TaKOft caHrBHHH^ecKifi Tennepa- 
MeHTi Bi cnopaxi h pi^axi eii^e He yKasuBajn Ha TaKyn 3Be 
caHrBHHHqecKyiD onoco6HOOTB k'l j^tfioTBlio. . 

KpoMi A&iTejiBHoft Bep6oBRH ^JieHOBi, PuJiieBi 6£iJi'b Tor^a 
saHsrE H ycipoflcTBOH'b co5paHift h ooBin^aHift. Bi oco6eHHOCTH 
qaoT H HHorojiDjCHH CTajiH OHH B1& H0H6pi 1825 r. ^KsapTHpa 
Bama — rjiaoHjio o6BHHeHie — OAiJiasacB mAotomi coBiH^anifi h 
cGopHn^a saroBopmiHKOBi, OTKy^a h hgxoji;hjih Bot npnroTOBJieHiA 
H paciiopflseHiH ki B03Mym;eHlK)y KOTopuH xoth ^ijiajiHCB oxi 
HHOHH Tpy6eipcaro, ho 6ujih Henocpe^cTBeHHO ojiiACTBis Bameft 
bojih"". PujiteBi npHSHajn npaBHJiBHocTL o6BHHeHiji, corjiaoHJicji^ 
7T0 A^ScTBHTejiBHO oro SBapTHpa c^j^jiajiaoB m^otomi ooBin^anifl, 
HO roBopHjii, qio npoH8omjio axo cjiy^aflHO, no npn^HHi ero 
6ojii3HH, KOTopafl He AOSBOJiHJia eny BulssaTB **). Hna^e, ko- 
He^Ho, j3;o6aBJiHJi'B ohi, ohi He AonyoTHJii^ 6ii y ce6fl TaKHXi co6paHifi, 
EaEi pa^H co6cTBeHHofi 6e8onacHOCTH, Tas^B h 6e3onacHocTH caMoro 
o6H^eGTBa. 

Egjih Ha axH co6paHiH aaroBopn^HKH h He CTesaJiHCB ^gothhhh''^ 
saRi^ yTBepsAAJii^ IIpseipaBGKifi ***), to Go6paHiH 6huiE BGeiaKH 
MHorojiiOAHu. noGJii cMepTH HMnepaTopa A.JieKGaHji;pa ^jienH go6h- 
pajiHCB eseAHeBHO h pasroBopu npHHHMajiH Bce 6ojAe h 6ojiie pi- 
DiHTejiBHufl xapaKTepi. CanuH 6ypHUH co6paHiH npoHCXOAHJD[H 12 h 
13 j^eKa6pH, nepsoe y 06ojieHCRaro, BTopoe h noGJiJ^AHee y Pu- 
jiieBa. Ha btoh'l G06paHiH h 6hiJL% BupaOoxaHi njaHi BUBeoTH boS- 
CRa Ha ajion];aji;b h, b% cjiy^at ney^aqH^ OTcxynHiB ei hhhh r^b 
HoBropoj^y h hoahhxb BoeHHtia nocejieHi« ****). 

KpoM'b axoS pojiH xosAHHa h opaxopa na cxojih^heix'b Go6pa- 

HTO BoJicKa, BOopy)KeHHbiH HapoAOM'b A^Ji cro saiuHTbi, He HMtiOTb npaea pacno- 
pHXcaibCH cyAb6aMH napoAa no CBoeMy npoH3Bo;iy". B. JiHCKoecKiu. A. C. Xo- 
MsiKOB-b. M. 1897, 12. ^XoMflKOB-b,— roBopHrb n. BapxcHeB-b, — 6biBajn» y PbiJi-feeBa 
Bi> 1825 r. H OAHa>KAbi ao Toro pasApasHHA'b ero cbohmh BoapaHceHiHMH, qro 
TOTT» 6e3'b iiianKH y6'b}Kaji'b orb ce6fl e-b coctAHioio KBapinpy. „n. B.*^ »Pyc- 
CKifl ApXHBT>" 1893. II, 119. 
*) .iloHeceHie* 58. 

*'*') Ci) 26 H0H6pfl 1825 OH-b ABt hca'^ah He Bbi-fesxcan-b Hs-b AOMa. y Hero 
6biJia x(a6a. 

***) „PyccKaH CiapHHa* 1874. fleKa6pb 677. 

****) ,14-oe AeKa6pH" H FlyiUHHa. .BceMipnbifl BtcTHHK-b* 1903. YI — 
VII, 228, 231 cpB. „A. M. By/raioBT," .PyccKaH CxapHHa" 1887. HflBapb, 213. 
061* STHx-b co6paHiax'b 3Ha;n> reHepaA'b-ry6epHaTop'b MnjiopaAOBHH'b, ho He 
o6paTUA'b Ha HHX-b BHHManie, no/iaran, mo sto co6paHiH ,peAaKiiioHHbi5i' npH 
,nojrapHOfl SBtSAt". 



JEHTEPATyPHAfl JljAflTDJOTBHOOTB ABKABPHOTOBl. 49 

muTh, PujiieBi hcqojiaji'l laKse HHoropoAHUA^nopyieHiji. JUtomi 
1825 roj^a owb toAHJH Bi KpoHmTaj^Tb ci i^iJEBD yoxpoHTB xaiii 
^HJiiiajiLHoe OTA^JieHie o6ii(ecTBa. 

BfiiJH OHi Bi 8T01II se roAf n bi MocRBi, r;^ Bpan^ajicH bi 
RpysKli apxHBHBixi DHomeft, RaseTCfl, Toace cb ui^JthV) npoaaraHj^u. 
A. Q. KomejieBi pascKasuBaeTi, qio ea Beiepi y M. M. Hapum- 
KHHa OHT» cjiymajEB, jsak% PBUiieBi ^HTaJii cboh nKl^^** h ^pisRO 
BupasajECfl**. Bne^aTJiiflie otl pi^^efi h cthxobi PiuieBa 6ujio 
o^eHL CHJiBHoe. KomejieBi noA^JiHJrcA 8TH:ttii BueuTJiiHieMi oi Eh- 

pteBGKHlCb, BeHeBHTHHOBUlfl H PosaJIHHUMl, H HOJIOffUe MOCKOBCKie 

^fljioco^Bi ciajiH HTepecoBaTBOA pyccKOft nojraTHRofi *), ei koto- 
pofl paHBine 6bijih paBHOAyniHBi. 

KaRofi-jiH6o Jipyroft pa6oT% PujifieBa bi o6m,ecT^ — y Hao% 
EiTh cBiA'^Hifl. EcjEH He OHHTaxB ero CTHxoTBopemft^ „]lj^t'^ h 
BumeynoMflHyTuxi peBOJuoAiOHHuxi niceni, — to PujiieBi, RaaseiCH, 
He npHHHMajiB y^acTiji bi RaRHxi-jDredo DHCBMenHuxB Tpy^axi 
o6iiieGTBa. EcTB, BnpoHeHi, HSBicTie, ^to ohi bmIct^ cb AjieRcaH^poMi 
H HHROJiaeHi EecxyseBuxH saHHMajicji 'cocTaBjieHieM'B'npoRJiaMaiufi 
R!b BoflcRy; OHH xoTtjiiH TafiHO pa86pocaTB Hxi no RasapiiaMi, ho 
npHBHajiH 8T0 HeyAo6HUMi H npoRxavaiUH HsopBaJiH **). 

Otb oo^HHeHifl ROHCTHTyi^oHHaro MaHH^ecTa — Ha cjiyqafi yxa^H — 
PujEieBB xaRse OTRasajicfl h nopy^HJiB bto ]x!kio 6ap. nixeftH- 
rexD. 

HaROHei^B, o5BHHeHie cxaBHXo PujAcBy bb sHHy co^hhb- 
Hie ^KaxexHSHca BoxBHaro ^exoBtRa**, naiaxaro H. MypaBBe- 
BUMB. PiixteBB^ OAHaRO, noRasuBaxB, ?xo ohb xoxbro o6in];axB 
npoAOxsaxB btoxb RaxexHSHCB, ho sa pasHUHH o6GxoaxexBGTBaHH 
ncHoxHHXB axoro ne yGnixB h BOSBpaxnxB MypaBBeBy RaxexHSHCB 

HeOROHqeHHUHB. 

HSB BGiXB aXHXB RpaXRHXB GB^^Hifl BH^HO^ ^T0 pOXB PhX^O- 

Ba AO 14 A6Ra6pH orpanH^HBaxaGB, ixaeHUMB o6pa30MB, x^mb aRsaxB- 
xHpyiDH^MB BxiflHieHB, RaRoe OHB ORaauBaxB na TOBapHn];efl. Ohb 
6uxB „Ayniofi^ saroBopa bb 3xomb HiieHHO gmucx%. Mh yBH^HMB 
AaxBme^ tto h bb Biipa6oTR'& noxnxH^eGRofi nporpaHXH ohb 
yqacTBOBaxB 6oxBnie gbohmb xennepaMenxoMB, x^hb noxHXH^eGRHMB 
rxy6oROHHGxieMB. 

8xoxB xennepaHenxB noAAepxHBaxB bb homb anepriD bb caMHJi 
RpHXH^eGRifl MHHyxu: RasaxoGB^ HHHXO He Morxo ero o6e8Rypaa;HXB. 
Kor^a, HaRanyHt 14 AeRa6pfl^ qxesaMB o6ii^eGXBa Gxaxo hsb^gxho, ^o 
b. r. HBROxafl naBxoBH^B BHaexB o6b hxb saroBop'b nai* ^ORxa^a I. H. 
PocxoB^eBa, PHxteBB, npH BGxptqi gb PocxoBiieBHMB, BexB ce6a 



*) M. BcHeeumuuo6^, .K-b 6iorpa(]}iH noaia Jl. B. BeHCBHTHHOBa*, «Pyc- 
CKift ApxHB-b* 1885 I, 115. A, H. KoiueAesh ,3anHCKH" BepJiHrn*, 13. 

**) H. EecmyoKetic. „BocnoMHHaHie o PbiJiteBt". CoHMHeHin Pu^teBa, 
BepjiHHB 1861, 32. 

J^ 7. OT^lun* I. 4 



50 PyOCKOl BOFATOTBO. 

coBciMi KSKi ceHTHHeHTajiBHufi lepofi jii)6oft poMaHTBiecKofi ApaMu 
H fie xoTiJD['L noBATB Bcefi BasHOCTH ooBepmHfimaroca ^aKia *). 
TaKyi) se noiHTHqecsfK) cjoriaoij oSfiapysBjrE ohi h npn EOBe^HoS 
oi^HRt cMJL'h, CI KaKHMH BaM^peBajicji j^AcTBOBaTB Ha nJion^aAH. Ror- 
;i;a Tpytiei^Kofi ci HaHBHooTLD roBopHji eiiy, «ito jf,Ji& coBepmeHin 
Hxi HaMipeHift snojiHi aobojtlho o^Horo nojiKa^ PujiteB'b ycno- 
KOBJicji fl OTBiqaji, tto Torjia h xjionoTaTB Heiero, noTOMy ^to 
ysi ABa noJiKa BufiAyxi HaBipHoe. A sorAa tot% se Tpy6eqBoft, 
yoTynaa saEOHHEiMi coMHiHmMi, cKasajii: „^to, ecjin BBifi^erB 
Majio BofioKa? poTa hjih ab^? santMi hath h APy^^*^ bocth na 
rH6ejiL''?— PfiijiJ^eB'B, uKi 6yAT0 oorjamajicfl ci hhmi, ho noToxi 
sauiTHJn: „ecjiH npHAen xotb 50 ^ejiOBisi, to h cTaBOBjrncb bi 
pHAU ex hhmb'' **). 

CrpaHHO^ OAHaso, ?to npn TaKoft tfimenofl xpa6poGTH h pt- 
mHMOCTH^ TajLievh otkjeohhjii otx ce6H pyKOBOABn^yi) pojiii bx ca- 
MOMi B08Myiq;eHiH. JI^HTaTopoMx 6hiji% HasnaqeHx, kbki HSBlcTHOy 
EHH8B Tpy6*ei](SR&, H npH TOHX no npeAJioseHiK) PujorfceBa. Oahhx 
coBpeMeHHHK'B yTBepaKAaeTX, mo PHJiieBi bm^jix nyasAy bi hmohh 
Tpy6ei(Karo^ sa EOTopHnx ohx naMipeeajicfl cspuTL co6oT6eH- 
HsiB aBTopHTerB — ^6 6yAT0 6h h npnsHajii Tpy6e^Eofl npn 
Aonpocb ***). Ho sa^iifb 6ujio CEpuBaTb aBTopHTexx b% caHufi 
pilmHTejiBHfiifi MOMenrb, axo — HeaoflTHo. Bipale npeAnojEOSHTb, 
iTO B&i6op'B najii aa Tpy6ei^Koro noTOMy, ^to c^Bepnoe o6n^ecTBO 
Bi 8Ty spBTH^ecEyio MHHyTy pasc^HTEiBajio A^flcTBOBaTB coo6ma 
ci DSHUMX, TAi y Tpy6ei^Eoro 6ujio 6oj[bnie cBflseft, ?%mx y 
Pujii^eBa. Ho bo bcaeomi cjiy^a'b noBeAOHie PujiieBa bi aTOxx 
caMjbifi onacHLifi hombhti He cooTBiTCTByexx Tofi anepriH h pimH- 
MOCTHy CI EaEofl OBx BucTynajn Ha co^paninxi. Totx apryiieHT'B, 
HTO OHi 6hxb CTaTCRift, a Tpy6eqBofl — rBapAeflcKifl o$H^ep•B, 
BABa j[H Hosen 6utb npHBHTx bo BHHManie, tbei Basi A^KxaTopi 

MOFB pyEOBOAHTL CBOHMH 6jin3EafiniHMH HOMOII^HHEaMH H HB ofiHSaHl 

6hjit» BCTyaaTB bi HenoopeACTBeHHoe cHomeHie ex BoficsaMH. KpoMt 
Toro, BH6opx Tpy6ei^Eoro, EOToparo PujifteBX bhbjix aoboj&ho 

*) 13 AeKa6pji 1825 bi 5 nacoB-b B^nepa PocTOBueBT> OTiia;n» 06o;ieHCKOMy 
Bi> npHcyrcTBiH Pbijitesa nepenHcaHHoe hmi> caMHMi> nHCbMO K-b BeJiHKOMy 
Khh3K) h aanHcaHHwfl hx-b pasroBop-b [^PyccKan CiapHHa", 1889, ceHT5i6pb 
618, 636. ,nHCbMO H. M. PocroBuoBa K-b E. M. 06ojieBCKOMy 1858 r."]. 
PbiJitcBi cKasajii* npH aTOMt 06o;ieHCKOMy: .Htrb, 06ojieHCKij), PocioBueB-b 
Be BHHOBarb, mto paaJiHHHaro cb BaMH o6pa3a Mucjiefl. He cnopio, <ito OB'b 

HSMtHH;!!) TBOefl AOBtpeHHOCTH, HO KaKOe HWhjl-b TbI OCHOBaHiC 6bITb Cb HHM-b 
HSAHUIHe OTKpOBeHHUM'b? OhI) AtfiCTBOBa/Ib DO AOJiry CBOefl COBtCTH, >KepTBOBa;i'b 
)iCH3HbK) HAfl Kl) BeJIHKOMy KhJIBK) [KaKli HBBtCTHO, PoCTOBIlOBli BpH AOK/iajlt BC 

HasBajii* HH OAHoro Hsi) yqacTHHKOB-b saroBopa no HiieHH], BHOBb HcepTByen 
}KH3Hbio, npHAH Ki HaMi*: TbI TOJixceHi* o6HHTb CFO, KaK-b 6;iaropOAHaro Me- 
jioB'bKa*. 06o/ieHCKi(l CKaBa/ib aa sto: ,]i 6fai TKemji'b 3aAyiiiHTb ero bii mohx'^ 
o6'ii5iTiHX'b*. ,M3T» 6yMarb. I. H. PocioBuoBa* „PyccKifl ApxHB-b* 1873, 473. 
**) Schnitzcer .Histoire intime de la Russie* 1854 I, 213. 
***) .floaeceBie-, 73. 



JIHTEPAiyPHAfl A'^iiTBJISHOOTB ABRABPHGTOB'B. 51 

^jiB3Ro, yRasBiBaeTi jiBinHiS paai na nojiHTH^ecKyi) He^aJiBHOBBA' 
HOCTL Hamero noara. 

H B% noaTH^ecKoS Baiypt PujiteBa, nosajiyS^ h Kpoexcji paa- 
ra;pca Bcixi aTHXi BoapocoBi. 

Bi MeqTaxi h miaHaxi CM'&JiBit, owh a^ji ^^Jia 6hiji% Majio npi- 
ro^eH'B. HepBHLifl qejroBtsi, ohi pHosoBaji'B oojia6iT& bi canyBd 
HysHyK) MHHyTy, h obi, A^tcTBHTejibHO. najii AyxoMi loiqaoi se, 
saKi oqyTHjicfl Ha njion^aj^B. 

Ci saBHMH se nJianaMH meji'B obi na ceHaTcsyK) njion^aj^ h 
saEOBBi 6bijih Ti nojiHTHHecKifl ySto^^eaifl hjih npocTO mucjih, na 

SOTOpBIXl OHl OCTaHOBHIGJi IlOCJit TpeXiliTHBX'B SapKHXl CBO- 
pOBt? 



II. 

« 

PujiteBi He ooTaBHJLi Han iiHCbHeHHaro HSJioseHifl CBoeS no- 
jiHTHqecKofl nponoBtj^B; owh BUCKasuBajicfl jibbil npH cjiyqai, He- 
cHGT6MaTHqH0, BHOPAa cShb^bbo, h HOTOMy KaTeropHqecBafl oi^iHKa 
«ro HOJiHTflqecKaro yqeHia npH HajiHqHOM'B Maxepiajii aeBOSMOSBa. 

C% yBipeBHOCTLK) MOSHO HaMiTHTB jiBBiB caMBiJi o6n^iH nojio- 
3ceflifl. Ohh H3JI0JK6HU CBfl8B0 H AOKyMeHTajii) HO Bi diorpa^nqecKOHi 
oqepEi PButeBa, HanBcaHHOMi A Chpothhhhumi, h naMi ocxaeTca 
TOJiBKo noBTopHTL EX% *). IIporpaMMa PujiteBa 6iiiJia „Ta se oanan 
nporpaMMft, vno h y j^pyraxi qjieHOB'b oSmtecxBa: owh Tasse xe- 
jiajii yqpeAA^Bifl nocTo^cHHaro npaBjieHifl ci Bii6opHiiMH otl Ha- 
po^a, ypaBHeHia bohhckoS hobhhhogth Mes^y BcinH cocjOBiHMHy 
MtcTHaro caifoynpaBjieHiH, rjiacHocTH cy;i[a, BBe^eHiH npHCHSHBixi, 
0B060AB1 neqaTHy yHBHTOseflifl MOHoaojifi, otm-I^hu KptnocxHaro 
npaBa, cbo6oau bi Bu6opi saHflTift, paBeecTBa Bctxi rpas^^ani no- 
peAi* cyAOMi; ho obi bo^i^oahji'b ki 8thmi Bonpocani ci CBoeS 

OC06eHH0fi, A^MOSpaTHqeCKOfl TOIKH SpltHi^, H axa AOMOEpaTH^HOCTB 

-ero y6t3BAeHifi Bcero pis^e h BCBie BucTynaja bi cpaBHefiiH ci 
MHiai^MH ero coTOBapHn^efli. Bi dxoMi oxBomeBiH juDfionuxHu ero 
^aMiqaeiH Ha apeo6;'a30Baxej[i>HuS npoesxi Hhehx&i MypaBseBa 
ropas^o 60 Jite csJioHHaro Ei apncxoEpaxHqecEHM'B HaqajiaMi. 06a^ 
flanpHMipi^ oAHHasoBO sejiajH, qTo6Ei aapoA'B cam H86Hpaji'L cefit 
iipeACxaBHiejieft; ho MypaBLeBi ^yMajii orpaHH^nxB sasi caMoe 
iipaBO 6uxB H86BpaeHUM'B, xasi h npaBo HsfinpaxB ycxaHOBjiefiie^i 
oco(5aro HMyB^ecxBeHHaro i^ensa: H35HpaeMue aojishu 6b[jih hm%xb 
HJIH HOABHSHMoe HMiHio B% 1500 ^yHXOBi ^Hcxaro cepe6pa, hjih 
ICBHSHMoe Bi 3000 ^yfixoBi, a HsSHpaxeJiii — Heji;BHJKHMoe bb 250 
•^yHTOBi, a jiBHSHMoe Bi 500 ^ynxoBi. Puji'leB'B ci Hero^OBameMi 
oxBeprB axo apej^JioseHie, BaHBjiflfl, tto „axo ne corjiacHO ci 3a- 



♦) A. CupamvHum. ,K. 8. Pbuitee-b* .PyccKifl ApxHBi>* 1890, iiOHb 165— 6, 

4* 



52 P700K0B fiOFATOTBO 

KOHaMH HpaBCTBeHHUMH*'. Bl Atjli OCB060HA6Hifl KpeCTLflBl *y 

onflTB nporjiJiAUBaerL ero AeMOspaTHHeoKafl SBJiRa, b bi to BpeMB^ 
sasi BBue CTOMB jiHniii sa jia^Boe, fieaaeifejibBoe ooBo6oEAeBi& 
KpecnBBi, a MypaeLeBi sa ocTaBJieBie ami bi coOcTBeaHOOTb. 
Tojuo AOMOBi H oropoAOBi, PujifteBi sejiajii nojiHaro ooBofioisAe- 
BiB ci seifjiel, ae tojilbo oropoABoS, bo b nojieBofl. JI,ase oaMUfl moji- 
BJB o6cToaTejii>CTBa nojiBiBqecsofl ero AtBiejiLflocTB bocbti bb ce- 
6t diy 0Boeo6pa8B7K) A^MOKpaTfl^ieoKfK) neqaiB. Tbbi, nocTyoBE'L 
Bi uoBU TaSBaro o6ii;ecTBa, ohi yse npeAfaraen npflBBMaTB bi^ 
Hero B KynuoBi, h Htn^aBi. npaB^a, bto npsAJioseBie Be yAajiocB^ 

TBKl EBEl ptmHJIB, ^TO „8I0 HeBOBMOSHO, HTO HamH KyOAU — BO- 

BiJKAU**; BO AJifl Haci bbsho yse to o6cTOBTejiBCTBO, ^to BesA^ r 

BODAy PUJlieBl BBJTBJICB BCTBHBUMl A^MOBpaTOMl, BBOJIBft CBO6OA 

flUHi orL apBorospaxH^ieeKBX'fc BaBamesi cbobxi xoBapBu^efl'*. 

Ki 8T0My ofin^eMy o63opy MBiaift PujiteBa BysBo AO^aBBTi^ 
enie ero naxpioTB^ecEyio TeHAeB^iK). Obi Be paBAtJiBJit nojiflTB'ie- 
csBXi noJiLCKHXi cHMnaxifi cbohxi TOBapHn^efl b o soBCTaBOBJieuir 
noJibniH Bi npeA^Jiaxi 1772 ro^a He Aynajn **). 

Ha Aonpoci ohi no axoMy noBO^y noKaaBiBajii: „0 cym^ecTBO 
BaBiH TalHuxi odn^ecxBi Bi IIojiLmi cjiBimajii b orb Tpy6ei^Koro^ 
npB newb obi roBopHJH, hto losBoe o6n^eoTBO ^pesi OABoro bss 

CBOHXl HJEeHOBl BMieTE Ol OHBIMH HOCTOBBHUB CBOmeBifl; ^TO^ 

losHUMH AHpesTopaiiH nojioseao npHanaTb BeaaBHCHMOCXb IIojiLinB 

B BOBBpaTHTL efi Oil POCCJB BaBOefiaBBBIH HpOBBBIUH: JlHTBy, Ilo- 

j(OJiiK) H BojiBiHL. H CBJILHO BOscTaBajDi'b npoTflBi cofo, yxBepsAaB^ 
qio HBsaKoe o6n^ecTBO Be bi npast cAtjiaxb noj(o6Haro yojofiiB, ^ixo 
noAo6BUB A^Jia aojishu 6k[tb ptmeHu na BejiHEOMi co6opt. Po- 
BopBJLi, qxo H HacxoBmee npaBHxejibcxBO Hame Atjiaexi BejiBKyio 
norpftmHOCTB, HasuBaH yaoMBHyxuB opoBHBi^iB bi asTaxi cbohxi 

^nOJIBCKBMH'' HJLB BBOBL UpBCOeABBeBBUMH OXB RojLhmBy B BOpO- 

j^ojiseBie 30 Ji^vh nnqero ne c^^JiaBi — abbco HpaBcxBenBO npacoeAH- 
BHXb OHUfl Ki PoccIh; qxo rpaHHE^u nOJILBIB co6cxBeBHO BaqBHaioxcB 
xaMi, r^i KOHHaexcB Hapiqie Majiopocciflccoe b pycoKoe bjb no< 
nojiBCBH xjioncKoe; r^t se 6ojiBmaB qacxB aapoAa roBopnxi yno- 
MBHyxBiMB Hapi^qiHHH B BcaoB^Ay^Ti rpeKo poccificKyx) BJiB ysiax-, 
csyK) pejiBriK), xaifB PycB, AP^BHee aocxohhIo Bame**. 

TaKOBu o6ii;iB nojiHXHqecide h o6ii;ecxBeHHB[e bsfjaau Pujiiesa*- 
Bi BBXi npoxHsoptqifl h E0Jie6aHifl ntxi^ ho npotHBopiqiB OKasa- 
JIBCB, KorAa OMy npamjiOGB saAyBaxbc^ o qacxHocxHXB, h npn tomv 

CBMUXl BaSBLIXl. 

IIpBOxyaaa si o53opy bxaxb qaoxaocxeS, ho 6yAe]ii, o;^HaRO, yay- 



*) •IIpH BcrynJieHiH MoeM-b bi o6mecTBO, noKasbiBa/ni PbiJitee-b, MHt CKa- 
saHO 6faiJio, MTO cBo6oAa KpecTbHH-b ecib oaho hs'b nepBtfluiHXT> ycjiOBif} o6iue- 
CTBa H mo bt> o6H3aHHOCTH KajKAaro qjiena ckjiohhtb yMW btj no-ibsy OHOfl". 

**) Jf, Eponomcm. .HtcKo;ibKO CBtAtHifl o Pw/iteBt", 237. 



JIHTBPATyPHAH ^^IMITBJIBHOOTB ABKABPH0TOB% . 53 

-oKaTB H31 BR^y Bcel CKjAOCTH cB^ft^Hifl, KasBMH Mu pacDOJia- 
raeMi. 

Ha CTopoHt EaKofi $opMu npaBJiesiff ctoaji PujiteB'B? 

I^tjiB o6meoTBa — roBopsjn owh bi cbohxi noKaaaniffX'E — 5ujio 
ycxanoBjieHie ROHCTHiyi^ioHHoS MOHapxiH. Ha Bonpoci renepajn- 
aniKxraHTa 6apoHa Tojia (npu nepBoui ^oiipooi 14 ^eRaSpji): „He 
Bs^opi JIB saTiBaerb mojio^^octb? se j^ocTaio^HU jih j^k hhxi npn- 
nifu HOBtSmflxi BpeMeBi, r^i peBOJini^iH BaitBaDTi ]s,jlb co6cTBeH- 
Huxi pasG^eTOBi?^ — PujiieBi xojtoaho OTBi^aji: ^^He BSHpaa Ha to, 
^To A Bam Bcbxi bhhobhbix'e Buj^ajii (?), n Ban CKasy^ ?to a ji,j[ai 
c^acTifl PoGciH nojiarax) soHCTHiyi^ioHHoe npaBJieHie caMUMi bbifoa 
HtflmHHi H ocraioGL npH ceMi icatBiH^. Bi nHOBMi si FooyAapi) 
^Ti 16 AeKa5pA 1826 r. ohi roBopHTi Tose caifoe, tojib&o, sone?- 
Ho, B'B Apyrnxi Bupaseniflx'i: i^Mu HaAiffJiHCB, nHmeTi owhy qxo 
;z('6jio ROH^HTCfl Ces'B KpoBonpojiHTiir, "iio Apyrie nojiSH iipHOTaHyT'B 
SI HaifB, H HTO MBi Bi cocTOJiHiH 6yAeM'B nocpej^cTBoiCB ceHaTa 
npe^jioxETB BameMy BejaiH^eoTBy hjih rocy^apK) H^ecapeBH^y o oo- 
^paaiH BejiHRaro co6opa^ na soTopufl aojishbi 6ujie ciixaTBCH 
3Ki6opH£ie HBi Kas;^ofl rydepniHy c% Kas^aro coGJiOBiA no ^Ba. 
Ohh aojishu 5bijih piniHTB, Koiiy i^apcxBOBaTB h Ha KasHX'B ycjio- 
fiiffxi. HpHrOBopy BejHEaro Go6opa nojioseno 6ujio SesnpeKOGJiOB- 
HO noBHHOBaTBGA^ GTapajiGB TOJiBKO, qTo6u HapO^HBIMl yCTaBOMl 
^ujii BBeAOHi npoAGTaBHTeJiBHBiS oSpasi npaBJieniii, CBo6oAa KHHro- 
aeqaxaHiir, OTKpuToe cy^onpoHSBOAGTBO h jiH^HaH 6e8onaGHOGTLO 

HpoeETB EOHCTHTyi^iF, GOOTaBJieHHUfi MypaBBeBBIMX, AOJISHO 6 hfJl 

upej^QTaBHTB HapojUHOMy Go6opy, saEi npoeErB*^. 

PtHB BJlfiThy O^eBB^HO, EOHCTHTyiliOHHOft MOHapxiF, EOTOpyiD 

PujiieB'B H B'B qaGTHBix'B 6eGi]SfiLT% npHSHaBajii HaH6oJiie sejia- 
TeJiBHoft ^opMofl npaBJiefiJii. TaRx, HanpHMipi^ ohi 6ujrh He^oBO- 

JieHB TilfB, ?T0 „B0 BTOpofi apMiH B'B DSHOSfB 06lI^eGTBt XOTflTl 

^euoRpaTiH: ,,8to BS^opi, roBopHJii ohx, neBosMosnoe a'^^jdio: mu se- 
jiaeM'B MOHapxiH orpaHH^eHHofi^. Ho ho^th bi Tose BpesiH ohi npH 
BaTeeKOBi BocRjiHi^aji'B, hto B'B HOHapxiflXi ho 6iiBaeT'B bbjihrhx'b 
xapaRTepoBi; nio B'B AiiepHRt tojibro sHaDTB xopomee npaajieHie, 
a Eapona bgh, h caiiai? AnrjiiH, bi pa6cTBt, mo PogcIa HO^acTB 
iipHMip'B OGBodojK^eHJfl: „K)SH£ie oTBepraiorB MOHapxii), hx'b mh%- 

flie npHHHTO H B^feCB" *). 

Ecjih h npe^nojiosHTB, 7to Pmi'leB'B bi cbohxi noRasaHiflX'B hm^jtb 
fl^ROTopoe ocHoaaHie saTeMF^rTB OBoft „pecny6jiHRaHCRifl'' ofipasi muc- 
JieS^ TO TaKiA GJioaa, GRasaHHUH vh ^acTHOt 6eQin% BceTaRH noRa^ 
auBaioTi, TTO rjiaBHaro aonpoca o $opMi npaBJieHis PujiieB'B cedt 
RaRi 6yAT0 HO buhghbjix. PHJiieai cani tiyBGTBOsaji'B 8to h bu- 
^^Hraji'B Bi CBOK) san^HTy apryiieHTi o^eHB BicRifl: oh'b yTBep9Eji;aji'B, 
^TO ycxaHOBJieHie Hoaaro nopn^Ra ne aojisho 6BrJ0 6utb ji^jiom'b 



*) „>loHeceHie", 59. 



51 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

^acTHBixi jiHAi, a Morjio npHHa^JiesaTb jibbil BOJift Hapoxa '*')• Ho 
A^JDio BjiieTi He 06% yciaHOBJieHiH npasjieHiA, a BBrjifl^axi cavoro 

PfilJBLieBa, H aXH BSrJBJliU, HaCKOJIBKO OHB HaMl BdRlCTHUy 6u3LE OHdHS 

HeycToflHHBu. Ho ero cjiOBam^ ohii bi HaoTHUxi SeciAa^'^ Bcer^a 
upHAepsHBajioji Toro MHtnifl, hto Poccia en^e ne coaprbJia Bah pec- 
nydjiuKaucKaw npaejienin, OHi BC6r;i;a san^HB^aai orpaBH^eHBjK) mo- 
HapxiK), xoTfl dymeano h npeABO^HTajii efi oSpaai DpaBjieHia Ctfiepo- 
ABiepHsaHCSHX'bCoeAflHeHHiix'E niraTOBi, npe^nojiarafl, ^to o6pa8'E> 
npaBjieHia cefl pecny6jiHKH ecTL caiiufi jji,o6Ehii ji^ie PoccIh no 06 

BIHpHOCTH ea H pa8H0nJB[6M6HH0CTH HacejIBK)II].HXl> 66 HapOAOBl. Oe1> 

csj[OHfljD[i> Aas6 HnKHxy MypasLeBa OA^jiaxb b% nanHcaHHoft hm^ 
KOHCTHTyi^iB fl^KOTopuH H3MtBeHiH, npBAepacHBaflCb ycTaBa Coej^H' 
HeHHUXii mxaTOBi, ocmaeudz^ obnano ofc^ (popMU Monapxiu, 

06i aHFjiificKOfi soHCTHTyAiH OHii roBopBjii, mo oHa yciapijia 
B HMteT'L MHOsecTBo HopoKOBii. BBeAeHJe wh PocciH ycTasa Hlra 

T0B1> 0H1> TaKS6 npflSBaBaJTl BOBMOSHUMT. JIHIBB BpB yCJIOBlB, eCJIB 

BMicTO np68Hj(6BTa 6yA6Ti BMoepaTopi, Tasi KBKi oHi A^fl Poc- 
ciH HyseBi. 

Ho wh KOBi^i^ KOHi^OBi, CI caMaro CBoero BCxynjieHifl b:e o6> 
n^ecTBO jio 14 AeKa6pfl^ obib Bcer^a roBopejiib o^ho, ^to HHKaR06 
o6ni,ecTBO He BMieTi npaBa bboahtb nacHJibHO bi CBoem oie^ecTBt 
HOBaro o^pasa npaBjieHifl, ceojb 6u oHufi hh KasajicA npenocxoA* 
HUMi, ?T0 axo AOJisHo Hpe^ocxasBXB BBiSpanHBtiiii oxi Hapoji^a 
npe^cxafiHxejiHM'B, ptmeHiio kobxi noBHHOBaxBCfl fieBnpesocjDiOBHa 
ecxB o6fl8aHHOCXB Kaac^aro **). 

Hsi axHXi CJioBi BH^i^HOy ^xo PbUDtieBX HOSBOJiJijDi'B ce6i naor^a 
noMe^xaxB o pecny^jiHKi, b qxo 9xh iie^xBi sanyxLiBajiH h xyaia- 
HHJDiB ero noHflxie o MonapxiH KOHcxHxyi^ioHHO&, wb bobmoshocxh 

OOyB^eCXBHXB KOXOpyiO OH'B HB COMH^BaJICfl. 

TaKQe se K0Jie6aHie, vb AaHHOiiii cjiyqai bhojib^ saKOHBoe h 
noHHXHoe, aauixflo h bi ero MBicjrHX'B o cnoco6i ocynnecxBjieHiB 
nepeBopoxa. 

GxeneHB ynacxlH PujiteBa wh Bupa6oxEi caMoro njiana BOSMy*^ 
H^eHiH ycxaHOBHXB no^xB HeB03M0SH0. HjiaHi BupaSoxuBajiCA coofin^a^ 
noABeprajicfl MHorHMi BBM^HeHiaMi b j^o caicaro 14 AeEa6pHy Ra- 
sexcB, He 6UJII ycxaHOBJieni, sa HCKJUo^eHieMi JTHHiB o^Horo nyHKxa, 
HtfeHHo— pimeHifl BOcnojiBBOsaxBCJi BoeHHofl cHJiofi ^jia ero jipo* 
BeAeHiH. 

npH coBiniiaBiH o cpeAcxBaxi B03MyB^6Hifl coji^axi, KaKi roBO- 
pflxi o6BHHeHiey PujiieBi nojiarajni nojiedBuifB pacnyoxnxB cjiyxi^ 
oynixo B'B c6Haxt xpaHHxcH AyxoBHoe saBin^anie noKofiflaro rocy- 
ftapa, B'B KoeMi cpoKB cjiys6Bi hhshhm'b 'iflHax'B yiceHBnieH'B a^- 
CBXBK) ro^aMH; ^xo i^ecapeBBqi on apecxcjia He oxKasuBaexcB, ?xo^. 



*) „floHeceHie*, 60. 
**) ,ZloHeceHie*, 60. 



J 



JIHTBPATyPHAfl Jl/A&IEJlhROCTh J^VKABPHOTOB'E . 55 

npHOflFHyBi OAHOMy rocy^^apK), npHcaraTB j^pyroicy lepesi HtcKOJUBKO 
AHefl — rpixi. MHinie cie 6£iJio npHHiTTO eAHHOAymHO h nopyqeno 
6ujK0 o^Hi^epaiii, npHHajujiesaBmnMi ki o6ii^eGTBy, npHBeoTH oHoe 
Bi HcnojiHeHie. PujfteBi j^yMajsLi^ tto b% RaisAOMi nojisy ffocTa- 
To^HO OAHoro pimHTejTBHaro saimTaHa ]iflK BOSMyii^eHiji bg^xi hhs- 

EHXl ^HHOBl no npH^HHi HerO^OBaHifl HXI npOTHfil BBBIGKaTejIBHOCTH 

HaiajiJbCTBa. 

Ho TOTE se PujiieBi, saKi mu SHaeHi, MHHyTaMH oiiOTp&ii 
oqeHL oKenxH^ecKn Ha cHjry lasHxi ptmHTejiLHUX'b EaDHxaHOB'b. 
Oe% npeffnojEarajn bobmoshoctb HeyAa^in h bt> 8tomi cjiyiai np^A- 
jiarajii oxcTynHTh ct BoficKaMH ki BoeHHUMi HOBropoACRHifb no- 
cejieHiflM'L, a eojiH 6u h xaifb ne y^ajiocL, xo oxapaxBcn bbbojiho- 

BaXL RpeOXBflHl 06'baBJieHieM'B ^BOJIBHOCTH** *). 

Bee axo KasajiocB PujrteBy, oqeBH;^Ho, BecBMa jierKO aogxhsh- 
MUMiy H Bi oco6yio xpeeory ero ne noBeprajio **), Ohi Bcexase 
eaffifljicfl, "1X0 A^Jio o6ofiA^xcA KaKi-HHCy^B caHO co6ofl, h< Btpo- 
BTHO, KaKi Tpy6enRot, jiiyMajii: ^Tojibro 6h yAajiocL, a xam 

Ho Sbudu o^HHi Bonpoci, GTOflBmifi Ha nepBofi o^epejo^n, b% 
ptmeniH Roxoparo eny ne noMorajio he ero jierROBipie, he ero 
B036ysAeHHOGXL; axoxi Bonpoci ero My^EJiii, noxoMy hto xpedonan 
oTi Hero acecxoRaro nooxynRa ***). 

9x0 6u3i'h Bonpoci o xomi, ?xo A^JiaxB ci n^apem e ero ce- 
MegcxBOHi? PasjiHqHUfl mh^hIh, BUCRasasHUH no axoMy noBOj^ 
^.leHaHE o6n^ecxBa, nocjysEJifl rjiaBEiflmEicb nyHRxoMi, na roxo- 
poxi .J^oHeceHie'' cj^AcxBeHsofi kommecgIh cxpoHJio OBoe o6BHHe- 
Bie. CoGxaBExejTb AOHeGeniE nps RasjijOMi y^oSHOMi cjiy^at nojo;- 
qepREBajii „3J[0AifiGRifl^ yMUGeji'B saroBopn^HROBi — Eexpe6EXB i^apa 
fl BGD ero ^aMEJiiK). 

TaRoft yMBiGejTb eujii, ho, RaRi Btpno 8aMt7aH)X'E H. My- 
paBBOBi s JlyHEHi, OHi HO fixoio^jn vh nporpaicMy ^xaSnaro 



*) ripHJIOMCeHie K1> AOKJIHAY CJltACTBeHHOii KOMMHCCiH. .PyccKij) ApXHE-b*, 

1875, III, 437 (HMtfl STorb njiaHi> bi* bhay, Pu^'beBi) coB'feTbiBaji'b KaxoBCKOMy 
HATH c;iy)KHTb Bi> BoeBBbixi> noceAeHiflx-b). 

**) HtKOTOpbie ero luianbi nopa^aiorb CBoeft naHBHocTbio. ,Co3BaTb se- 
jiHidfl co6opi> — npnasaBaACH ohi* — mli saA'^HJiHCb nocpeACTBOMi> cenaTa, a 
ceuarb npHsyAHTb icb TOMy chjiok). SeaH to BbicoKoe yBa}KeHie, xaxoe HMterb 
HapoAi* AHUib K-b ceHaTy, mu yBtpeebi 6bi;iH, hto AOcraTOHHO oAHoro cenaT- 
CKaro yKaaa, qTo6bi coasaTb co6op'b'. 

***) PbIJlteBl> 6UA1> B006me npOTHB-b Mtpi> OTHaHHHblX-b H TaKHX-b, KOTOpblil 

MorjiH 6bi 6pocHTb He6jiaroBHAHyio TtHb na HaHHuaHie o6mecTBa. .KorAa HKy6o- 
BHH-b roBopHJTb, MTO BaAo6BO pa36HTb Ka6aKH, no3BOJiHTb co/iAaTaM-b H HepHH rpa- 
6exrb, noTOirb BunecTb h3i> KaK0fl-BH6yAb uepKBH xopyrBH h hath ko ABopuy, 
06oAeHCKifi H Apyrie corAacHAHCb cb STHM'b npeAAO}KeHieM'b, ocHOBaEHbiM-b sa 
onbirb HKy6oBHHa o pyccKOMi> coAAarb, KoropoMy HyxcHbi cpeACTBa aah bo3- 
tynKneHia ki> AtficiBiio. Ho PbiAteB-b nepsbifl B03CTaA'b npOTHBi> cell Mbicin, 

rOBOpsI, «ITO Mbl ,,nOABH3aeMCH 3a A^AO BCAHKOe H HeAOA}KHbI ynOTpe6AflTb Ta- 

KiH cpeACTBa* [.floHeccHie" 62]. 



i 



56 pyOCSOB BOrATOTBO. 

ooDsa^ ,TafiHiifi oodbi, — nnoajiH ohh, — EiAjrh oco6eHHO bi 
BHA7 oxpaHHTB PoocId orb Mesj(yyco6Huxi fipaHOfl h oti oy- 
AedHuxi y6itcTB!By osHaHeHOBaBinHXi ji^tobhch abjxi BejiBKHxi 
eapoj^OBi AnrjiiH h ^paHi^in. IIpH o6cy2BAeHiH TasoBuxi Bonpo- 
coBi, vh qaoTHuxx paaroBopaxi bjih bi HacTOflii^HX'b coBimiaHijix'E, 
HiROTopue ^jieHu MorjH HBJiaraTL HenpaBHJiLHBifl MHftflifl HJiHAas^ 
npe^aBaTLCfl nopHBj cxpaoTeft. Ha aiaxi-TO HSiABJieHiflX'b sommhc- 
ciA H ocHOBUBaeTCfl, ^To6u npHDHcaTB TaflBouy coiosy npe^nojioseBifl 
i^apey6iflcTBft. HawiesHTE, oAHaRO-JKb, bsatl bi yeasKeBie, hto 
ooiDd'L, He HM^A noHyAHTeJTbHofi BJiacTH, H6 Morb noAJieHcaxb oiBtx- 

CTBeHHOCTH 8a BpeneHHUff OTKJIOHeHiA H^KOTOpUXl erO ^JieHOBl. 

npH TOMi rjiaBHue ^^loTBOBaTeJiH npHHysAeHu 6£ijih HHorAa hm 
BH^y ycTynaTB CTpacTAMi, BOdHHKaBmHMi b% coiost, hto6li Hanpa- 

BHTL erO Kl BBICOKOfi UfbSE GBOefi... TaflHUfi CODSl He MOn HH 

OAo6pHTBy HH acejiaTB noKymeHifi na aapcTByiDnUfl JiBii;a, b6o xaKO- 
BUH npeAnpiflTifl jifiiMe no^i pjeoboactbom'e .. He npHHOc^T'E y HacB 

HHKaROfl nOJILBNT H HeCOBM^CTHU CI Ha^aJiaHH^ ROTOpLlH COIOSl OFJia- 

CHJii H Bi ROTopuxi saKJiio^ajDiocL Bce ero Moryo^ecTBO. Coiosi 

CTpeMHJIGfl BO^BOpHTB Bl OTe^eCTBO BJia^UHeCTBO SaROHOBl, ffa6£I 

HaBcer^a oTCxpaHHTB Heo6xoAHMOCTL npH6iraTB ri cpe^CTBy npoxHB- 
HOMy H onpaBeff JTHBOOXH, H pasyMy. 06BHHeHie bi noMUCJii Ha ii,apey6ifi- 
cxBO ocHOsaHO JiHHiL Ha oxA^JiBHuxi BspeHeHifixi, cjiynafiHUX'B pas- 
roBopaxi H Ha Me^xaHinxi pascxpoeHHuxi yMOBi" *). 

HacROJiBRO PHjiieBi npe^aBajicH nopuBy cbobxi cxpacxefi wh 
o6GysAeHiH axHxi nJianoBi, — mosho ycxanoBHXB oi ^ocxaxoqnoS 
aoHociBK) no ero noRaaamaM'B na cyfl;i **). 

Mhcjib i];apey6i9cxBi BosHHRjia em,e bi rohu% uapcxBOBaHia 
AjieRcaHApa IlaBJioBH^a n sax^Mi, nocjii ero cnepxH, MixHJia b% 
ero 6paxa. 3apo;i;HJiacB ona, RasexcH, b% dshomi oSn^ecxBi h dujia 
coodn^ena ^jienaicB c^Bepnaro, 6ojibhihhcxbo Roxopuxi ci neft 
corjiaGHJiooB. CorjiacHBHiiecfl naxo^BJiH yAo6Hie npHBecxH 9xy 

MBEOJIB Bl HCnOJIHeHie OXAiJIBBBIMl SaPOBOpOM'B, RaRl 6b[ BHt o6- 

mecxBa, h j^ssl cero xox^jih cQcxaBHXB oxA^JiBHyi) napxiio, no^'B 
HaaBaHieMi „uiie cohorte perdue", h nopyqHXB onyio nofl;nojiROBHHRy 
JlyHHHy. CpeAH corjiacHUXi na axy Mipy dBijii h Puji^esi. Bi 
axoMiy no Rpafinefi Mtpi, ero o6bhh£[jih. Ohi caMi oxneprB axo 06- 
BHHeHie, cRaaaBi^ „hxo 060 Bceni axoMi, Moacexi Obixb, roBopeno 
6bijio ao ero BcxynjieHifl b'b o6ii];ecxBO hjih na xixi coB-i^niaHiflxi, 
Ha RoxopBixi oHx He y^acxBOBajii. " cohorte perdue ohi HHRor;i;a 
HH orB Roro HH^ero ne cjiBEDiaji'B". EiiBa jih, OAHaRO, Puji'beB'B bi 
AaHHoifB cjiyqai roBopHJi'B npaB^y, — ne cjiumaxB fieacnopno 



*) Pa36opT> AOHCCeHiH TaflHOfi C-ltflCTBeHHOfl KOMMHCCIH HHKHTbl MypaBbCBa H 

JlyHHHa. «3anHCKH AeKa6pHCT0B'b* II, III, JloHiioHT> 1863, 110—111. 

**) CyiUHOCTb HX-b wsjiomena bt> ,j3^0HeceHiH", cxp. 59, 60, 66, 68 h bt» 

,3aniiCK'fe" y ILuAvdepa. 



i 



JTHTBPATyPHAfl fl,%SlTBJlhEOCTb ffSKABPHCTOBl. 57 

<;yii^ecTBO£aBnieMi> npoesit ohi He mope, ho hto ob.% ho o;i;o6pHJi'b 
«ro BHaqajLi, na aio ecTL npHxuA AOKasaiejiBCTBa. 

Bi ojiiBOicb Hdi co6paHift emjd npn shbhh HifsepaTopa AjieK- 
€aHApa naBjioBH^a, fisy6oBH7i Bucsasaji'B pimBxeJibBo h bo3- 
^ya^^^eHHO CBoe naictpeHie 76HTB HiinepaTopa AieRoaHApa. „Tor;];a 
nojiBBytTecB cjiy^aeMT, CKasajri om> TOsapH^aMi, j^^jisAie, ^to 
xoTHTe; coauBafiTe Bami sejiHKifl co6op'b h jj^ypa^LTecB ao- 
cHxa". „CjioBa ero, rojocx, ^BHaeHLa, roBopHTi PajiteBi, npoH8« 
BejTB CHJiBHoe Ha M6HJI Bne^aTJii^Hie, KOTopoe «, OAHaKosi, cTapascH 
coKpHTB OTi Hero H npe^cTaBjifljn eMy, qiTO nojno6Hufi nocTynoKi 
MoserB ero o6e8CjiaBHTL, ^to gx ero j];apoBaHiHMH h cAtJiaBi Ge6t 
yse HMJi Bi apiiiHy ohi Mosexi jiJisi oie^ecTBa cBoero 5bitb noJies- 
Hie h y;^OBJIeTBopHTL ;^py^ia CTpacTH cboh. Ha bto flKy6oBHq'B ot- 

B^qajH MHt, HTO OHl BHaerB XOJIbRO ]5,Bi GTpaCTHy KOTOpBlfl ABH- 

SRjrh Mipi: »T0 6jiarofl;apHOCTB h Mn;eHie; ^to bc* Apyria He 
^xpacTH, a GTpacTHinKH, ^to ohi cjEOBi Ha Bi^Tepi He nycsaexi. 
1x0 OHi ^^ijio cBoe coBeprnHxi HenpeM^HHO h ^xo y nero j^jra cero 
HasHaqeno ABa cpoKa: ManeBpu hjih npas/nHHsi IIexepro$oKifl. Bi 
dxo Bpeiifl Kxo-xo Bomejii b npepsa^^ pa3roBopi> Hami. H ymejix 
ex A. BecxyaKeBHMi h na ^oport roBopHJit eisiy, qxo Hafl;o 6yAexi. 
cxapaxBCfl ecHiecsH ocxanoBEXL flKy6oBH?a. BecxyaKeBi 6uji'h corjia- 
ceei, H HEi yroBopHJTHGB Ha Apyrofl ace aohb yBHAtxLGa gi hhmi 
oaaxb. Bi xoxx se a^hb a yBt^OMBJH HaiftpeHiH AKySoBH^qEa: 
OocieacKaro, H. MypasBOBa h Bparena. Be* 6jbijrH xoro MHtma, 
qxo Ha^o BGaqeGKH GxapaxBca oxkjiohhxb HsyCoBH^a oxi ero HaMt- 
peaia, ^fo h BOSJioseHO 6ujlo ua Mena. YBBA'l^BniHGB c% Hsyfioaa 
^eai, fl 00a TB npeffcxaBJiaJii eMy, ckojeb o6e8GJiaBHxx ero D,apey6ifl- 
CTBO, HO oat noBxopajn, Bcer^a o^ho h xo ace, ^xo oe% pimHjica 
Ha axo H Hxo hhexo h hh^xo He oxsjiohhxi ero oxi eero naMtpe- 
Hia, qxo oh% BOceMt jrtxi aocHrt h jrejiteix onoe bx GBoeS rpy^H. 

np0(5HBniHGB CB HHMX OKOJIO :DlByX'B ^aGOBl, H BBIineJI'B BX ?pe3B£I- 

qafinoMi BoaneniH h HeroAOsaniB. Ilpn axoMX 6bijih: A. BeciyaceBi 
H OAoesGEift; GeS noGJitAHifi ao'iejix HKy6oBH7a GyMaemeAHiBM'B, h 
nyoxuMX roBopyHOHi. H yxBepacAaJix npoxHBHoe h no^Hxajii Hsy- 
6)BE^2L caMUMX onaGHMMX qejiOB^KOMi H A^a o5iii;eGXBa aamero, n 
ffjia BHAOBi oaaro. Mh AOJro o6% sxomi roBopHJiH h paacyacAajiH, 
Kasia Oil BSsiTh M^pu, a^Sei ho AoayGxnxB flsy6oBHqa kx Goaep- 
meniK) oBoero naMtpenia, n homhio, qxo a GKasajii, npoiii,aacL ch 
OAoeBCKHMi H BeGxyacoBBitfi: „a pfiniHJica Ha BGe: ero (x. e. Hsy- 
CoBH^a) saBxpa ace BHrnjnoxi. Hpon^aflxe, roGnoAa!'* Ha Apyroft JneHB 
paHO H BeGxyseBiy h OAoesGRiS npaxoAaxx ko mh* h nepBufl ro- 
BopHxx: ^PfljiteBi, aa qxo xh ptraaemLGa? HoAyMaS, jiK)6e3HHfi, xh 
o6e8GJiaBHmB Ge6a. Htiiii aohoghxb, ne Jiyqnie jib. BsaxB KaKiaaa- 
6yAB Apyria Mipu? Jlyirae ApaTBGa Gt flKySoBH^eMi". ff oxat^ajix, 
HTO flaySoBHTO a H86hxb ae xo^y, ^xo a eme HGnuxaio Gpe^cxBo 
OGxanoBHXB ero, ho, bi Gjiy^at neyAa^a, npB6aBaji'B a, noBxopaH) — 



58 P700KOB BOrATOTBO. 

H roTOBi Ha Bce. IIotomx npeAJrosHJH a CTapaTLcn, no spafiHefi 
Mtp%, yroBopHTBiflRydoBH^a otjiosbtb cBoe HaMipeHie Ha HiKOxo- 
poe BpeMfl, nocTaBHB'B eny npn^HHOD, 67^x0 ofiB^ecTBO piniHJioGB 
BOcnojiBBOBaxLca yfiificTBOHi rooyAapn, ho ?xo oho en^e xenepB He 
roTOBO. Bci GorjiacHjiHOB na 8x0 h bi xo se BpeMH oxnpaBHJiHGB 
Ki Asy6oBHHy, h nocjrt npoAOJESHxeuHuxi yfiia^enifl, naKOHei^'B, 
CKJIOHHJIH ero oxjiosHXB cBoe HaMtpeHie na roj^B, a Baoojit^^oxBiH 
H jOfAjTh ero yroBopHXL otjoshxb OHoe na HeonpeA^jrenHoe 

TaKi noxepatjii Hey^aqy nepBufl npoeKX'L uapey6itoxBa. npH6jiH- 
BHxejiBHO xa se ci^eHa, Koxopaa npoHsomjia Mesiny PujiieBim h ilsy- 
ooBHqeii'b noBxopHjfacL y PHJiieBa h ci KaxoecKHifB.^ KaxoBcsiS — 
noKasuBajri Pujitefii* — npitssajii bi nexep6yprb 01 HaMtpeHiem 
oxnpaBHXLCH oxcioAa bi FpeiuK) h coBepmeHHo ojiy^afino nosHaKO- 

MHJIOH CO MHOK). npHMtoHBl Bl HeMI oSpaSl MUGJieB GOBepmeHHO 

pecny6j[HKaHCRifi e toxobhogxl na BoaEoe caMOOXBepaceHie, b, 
nocjit H^KOXoparo E0jie6aHiff^ pimnjicH ero npHHHXB, "ixo h hghoji- 
EHjii, GKasaBi, ^0 ii;tjiL o5ii;ecxfia ecxB BBGAenie caMofl cBo5oAHofi 
MonapxH^ecKofi soHCXHxyi^iH. Bojiie a eiiy He cKasajii anqero, hh 
cHJiu, HE Gpe^cxBi, HE EjiaEa o6n^ecxBa ki AOCXEseEiK) npeAHaM^- 
pesiH OEaro. IIujiKifi xapaKxepi ero Ee mofb x^hi y^OBJiexBopEXBGH, 

E OWh npH KaaCAOMl GBSJUaEiE AOKf^aJLl ME^ CBOEMH EeGpOMHUXH 

BonpoGaME, Eo 3X0 canoe 6bijio npE^EEot^ tto h pimEJiGE EaBcer^a 
ocxaBEXB ero bi seBtjo^iEiE. Bi Ea^ajii 1824 ro^ia, KaxoBGKifl 
BXOAETi Eo MEt E FOBopExi: ^IIocjEymafl, Pujii^eB'By H apEmejn 
xe6i CEasaxB^ qxo a. ptniEjicfl y6EXB i^apn. OCiebe 061 axoifB 
Jljuiy nycxB OEa EasEa^Exi MEi cposi**. k bi cHExeEiH bcko^ejh* 
ci co$Hy Ea soxopoS jiejKajii, cEasajii eny: ^tto xu, cyMacmeAEiifi! 
Tbi BipEo xo'ieniB nory^EXB o6n(ecxBO. exo xe6ft csasajn, ^xo 
J(yMa o^ofipExii xasoe zjioji^banie*'! 3a CEii:B cxapajcE a oxiueoeexb 
ero orB cero EaMipeEifl, AOEasuBaE, geojib oso Mosexi 6£ixb na- 
ry6so a^e u^kjn o6E;ecxBa, eo EaxoBcsift EEKasHHH moeme j^obo- 
j^aHE He y6:^acAajicH e roBopEjn, Tro6H a Eac?exi o6n]teGXBa ne desnoso- 
EjicE, qxo OEi EEEoro EO BBiAacxi, ^xo owb p^EiEJiGE E HasfipeHie CBOe 
EcnojiEExi^ EenpeM^BEO. OnacaacBy jifik6u oei Ea caicoHi jijkjii 
xoro EO coBepmEJii, e, Easosei]^^ pimfljiCE npfl6irflyxB kl nys- 
cxBaMi ero. Me% h^ceojibeo pasi yjo^ajiocB homo^b eiiy bi ero 
EysA&^i. H BaacixEJiiy qxo oei Bcer^na xini ghjibho xporajiCE e 
EcspeEEO jrK)6Eji'E MeEA, noqeiiy e e csaaajii eMy: „jLio6eQEhi1k Ka- 
xoBCEifi, no^yMat xopomeEBEO cboomi EaicipeEiE. CxBaxExi 
xe6E, GXBaxExi e MeEE, noxoMy qxo xu y moee duBajii qacxo. Sl 
o6E;eGXBa eg oxspoio, eo bceoheE) qxo e — oxei^i ceiieficxBa. 3a qxo 
xu xoqeniB nory6EXB mok) 6^jifijio soEy e ^oqB?^ EaxoBCEifi npocjEe- 
8EJIGE E csasajn: „Hy ^liJiaxB neqero, xbi y6tAEJi'B MeEE'. „J[fiA 
«e MEt qecxEoe ojiobo — npo^ojiKajii e, — qio xu ne EcnojiEEEiB gbogih) 
HaHipeHiE!'' Oei ^ajii me^ OEoe. Ho nocjii cero pasroBopa oe'b 



JIHTEPATyPHAA fffiflTBJlBHOOTB ^BKABPHCTOBl . 59 

qacTO ciajn saAyiiUBaTBCfl. fl oxjiaA^Jii ki Heiiy, mbi ^acTo cTajiH 
caopHTB Apyri cb ffpyroMi, h, HaKOHei^'L, b% ceBTa6pt Mioai^t owh 
cHOsa o6paTHj[Cfl ki cBoeicy HaMtpeHiio h HacxoflTejiBHO Tpe6oBaji'B, 
qTo6Bi fl ero npe;i;GTaBHj[i qjieHaHi Ajmu. H ptmHiejiBHO oTRaaajiii 
eHy b:b tomi h csasaii^ ^^to secxoKO omndca bi neiii n pacKan- 
BaiocB^ npHHflBi ero bi o6iuecTBO. nocjit cero mu pascxaincB bi 
CHJiBHOMi HeyAOBOJiLOTBiH Apyri HaApyra... Mes^y xi^m, lipH CBHAa- 

HiaX% MM npOAOJTlECaJIH CnopBTL H A&SO CCOpETBCfl. H, HaKonei^'B, 

BH^H ero HeapesjioHHOOTL, h csasaji'B oAHas^u eiiy, qTo6u oh'b 
ycnosoHJicfl, qxo h HSB^mty Ayny o ero HaMtpeHiH, h qxo ecjiH 
o6ii^ecTB0 piniHTCfl naqaxB a^AcxbIh cboh noKymeHieMi Ha shshb 
rocy^apa, lo BHKoro KpoMt Hero ne ynoxpe6Hi'B &% xoMy. Ohi 
8rHMi> y^OBJiexBopBJicH. 9x0 npoHGXOAHJio aa MtGfli^:^ jifi eoh^hhu 
noKofiHaro rocyAapa HHaepaxopa". 

Hs'E noEaaamfi PujiieBa bhaho, qxo ahh sa Asa ao 14 A^saSpa 
KaxoBCRifl oaaxb bosoShobhjdii cBoe npoAJioseHie, ho qxo PLuiieB'B 
H Ha 9X0X1 pasi ero ichokohjii. 

Hjichu o6]iiecxBa AOJiro h noApo6HO Ae6axHpoBajiH xanse Bonpoci o 
lowh, Ras^b HOcxynHXB ex uapcKofi ceMBefi b^b cjiyqat yAaqH bos 
Myj^enia, h BsrjiaABi PuJiteBa b'b axHx:b A^^^^axi M^najiHCL, coo6 
pasHo CTeaeHH ero B086ysAeHHOcxH. ^BiptinHxejiBHOMicoBin^aHiH, — 
apH3HaBajica PujiieBi, — HHSorAa nenojiaraJiH HGxpe6HXB Hifnepa- 
TopcsyK) ^aMHJiiH) H npoBoarjiacHXB pecay6j[HKy. PaBHO n xoro, qio 
ecjiH Ha Haniefl oxopont 6yAexi xojibko nepeBtci, xo qxo6H no- 
cjiaxB A^nyxaAiK) ki rocyAapD icecapeBHqy oi npocB6oK) ii;apcxBO- 
BaxB CB HtRoxopuMH orpaHHqeHiHMH. IIojioseHO se 6ujiO saxsa- 
XHXB HMnepaxopcRyK) ^aMHJiiK) h aaAepsaxB onyjo a^ ciisAa bojih- 
Karo co6opa, Roxopnfi AOJisenoxBOBajii pi^mexB, ROMy i^apcxBOBaxB 
H Ha RaRHxi ycjiOBiaxi''. 

lyA qxo jijbjLdkTh ch HMnepaxopoH'By — cnpanTHBajn PBUii^eBi 
CBOHXi xoBapHH^efl, — ecJEH OHi oxRasexca yxBepAHXB ycxaBi 
npeAcxaBBxejiefi HapoAHuxi?*" Bci 6uj[h osaAaqeHH axnifB boh- 
pocoM^B h PujiieBi, BocnojiLsoBaBmECB MHiHieMi necxejia, cRa- 
sajix: „He BUBesxH-jiH sa rpaHHi^y?'' npoeRxi axoxi bc^mi noHpa- 
BEJica, H orb qjieHOBi AyMu BOSJioseno 6ujlo Ha PHJ^esa nopyqe- 
Hie cxapaxbca npHroxoBHXB a^^ HcnojiHeHia ynoManyxofi mucjih 
HtcROJiBRO MopcRBXi HaAeiRHUx'b o$Hi^epoB:b. El BUHOJiHeHiK) dxoro 
nopyqenia PujiieBi h npncxynHJii. ^Ilpn cBHAaniH ci TopcoHOMi, 
roBopnx'b OHi, a cnparnHBajDCb ero: ^mosho jih hm^xb ^peraxi c^b 
HaAesHBiMi RanHxanoHi h o^Hi^epaMH^? Ha Bonpocb se ero: „JI|jia 
Mero 8X0?" a oxBtxHjDCb: „Hxo6h oxnpaBHXb bi cjiyqat HaAo6HOGXH 
uapcxByiDnnyK) ^aMEJiiio sa rpanni^y''. TopcoHi HaxoAHJH axo onac- 
uuMi H nojiarajEi, qxo A&se Jiyqme ooxaBHXb HMnepaxopcKyK) $a- 
MHjiiK) BO ABopu;*!. Tyxi ona hoa'b aaASopoMi. H ace xoqno cRasajE^b 
Ba Bxo: ^Htxi)! vk IlexepSyprt nejiBBa; pasBi bt> nijiHCceJiL6ypr'fe. 



\. 



t)0 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

Taui) MOSHO npHCTftBHTb cxapufi CeiieHOBOEifl noJiKi. Bi ojiyqat 
se BOBMys^eHiji, npHMtpi MBpoBH^a** *), 

Xo CHxi nop:b xeqeeie Mucjiefl PujiteBa no aahhohj Bonpocj 
npe^CTaBJiaeTGA BUA^psanHUM'b h cnoRoflHUMi. 

Ho BApjrx, 13 A6Ra6pH, HaKafljHi ptmHiejiBHuxi A^SoTBifl, 
npoHoxoAHTi coBcim HeoasHAaHHafl citeHa. Ho nosasaHii) 06ojieH- 
cKaro **) — KOTopHfi, npaBffa, yxBepHAaerx, wo PHJiieBi HaxoJ^HJIca 
Bi H8CTynjieHiH — ^Puji^eai 13 A^KaCpfl BBe^epy ofiBHMaerE KaxoB- 
cEaro H roBopBTi eny: „jiK)6e8H£ifi ^pynl Tu cnpi na cefl senjit, 
s snaio TBoe cauooTBepsepie; tu MOHemb 6utb nojieas'^e, qisfb 
Ba njiom^aABi HCTpe6H iiapn!'' Ha BOupocL KaxOBCRaro, EaKin MOxeti 
OHi flafiTH K:b TOMy cpe^cTBa, PmiieBi npej^jaraerB eiiy Ha^ixB 
o^Bi^epcEit MyHABpi h paHO noyxpy, npesAO BOSMyn^eHiji, h^^^hbo 
^liBopem H TaM'E y6HTB rocyAapji hjih aa nioii^aAB, sor^a BufiAOTi 
ero BejiB^ecTBO* ***). CnpomenBHfl no axoBiy noBO^y, PHJiieBi noEa- 
suBaeTi: „13 /i;eRa6pH BBenepy h A'i^ficTBHTdjiLHO npe^Jiaraji^B KaxoB- 
cEOMy y6HTB BHB* icapcTByron^aro rooyAapa h roBopHjn, ^to 3to 
MO«Bo HcnojiHHTB Ha HJomaAH. HoyTpy Toro abji, AOJiro o6Ay- 
MHBaa njiani Hamero npeAnpiflTis, a Haxo^HJn iiHOsecTBO aey- 
AoScTBi El c^acTJiHBOMy OEOH^aHiK) OHaro. Bojite Bcero cTpamnjiGH 
a, ecjiH hhh4 niapcTByiomifl rocyftapL HMnepaxopx ne dyAexi 
cxBa^eHi BaMi^, AyMajr, ^xo bi xasoM'E cjiyqai HenpeM'i^HBO nocjii- 
flyext MeacAoycofinaa Bofina. Tyxx npninjio mh* Ha yii's, ^o jiflB 
B86'&xaflifl MesAoyco6ia j^osmno npHHecxH ero Ha mepxBy, n dia 
MuojiL 6Hj[a npn^HHOK) Hoero sjiOAifioEaro npeAJrosefiia''. 

Bi BaEJHo^eHie — Eonqaexi CBoe noEasame PHJiieBi — „na6H co- 
BepmeHHO ycnoEOHXB C66fl, st aojisohi codHaxBca, tto nocjii xoro, 
saEi s ysHajii o HaBiipeHiflxi fisy6oBH?a h KaxoBCsaro, mhI^ ca- 
MOMy TOcxo npHxoffHJio Ha yMX, ^xo ji,jls npoqaaro BBeffeHifl HOBaro 
nopHAsa Ben^efl hboSxoahmo HGxpe6jieHie BceS uapcxsyioniefl ^aifH- 
Jiin. Hojiarajii* h, qxo y6ieHie Oi^Horo HMiiepaxopa ne xojbso He 
npoBSBeAexi HHsaEofi nojiLsu, ho, naiipoxHBi, Moseii 6hxi» na- 
ry6H0 jiJis camofl uj^Jia o6mecxBa, ^xo oho pa3ji,tJiHxi yMH, cocxa- 
BHXi napxlH H BSBOJiHyexi npHBepjEeHi^eBi aBrycxi^fimefi ^aMHJiin, 
H ^xo Bce axo coBOEynHO neMBHyeico nopoAHXi^ MesAoyco6ie h set 
yKacu napoAHofl peBOJIK)^iH. Ci Hcxpe6jieBieH'b se sceS HMnepa- 
xopcEofl ^aMHJiin a Aynajii, qxo noneBOJii Bct napxln aojishh 6y- 
Ayxi coeAHHBXLCjT hjih, no Epafinefi Mtpt, hxi jierqe MoacHO Sy^exx 
ycnOEoaxB. Ho cero npecxynnaro MH^Hisr, ceojileo Mory npHHO- 

MBHXB, H HHEOMy He OXEpUBaJIl, A& ^ GaMl>, HaEOHeAl, ptmHxejDiLEO 



') .AoHeceHie" CTp. 60,66. 
**) .AoHeceHie* 66. 

***) EcTb yKaaanie, mo PbiJiteB-b nHiaji-b .CH/ibnyio HeHasHCTb" K-b bcjih- 
KOMy KHfl3io HHKOJiaio riaBJioBHMy. .Ms'b 6yMar'b I. M. PocroBuoBa", .PyccKift 
ApXHBi> 1873, 473". 06'h arofl HenaBHCTH, onHaKO, hh hstj cjiobtj caMoro Pbi- 
jiteBa, HH H3T> Toro, MTO HeMT) iipyrie roBopHJiH, HHMero ne H3BtcTH0. 






JIHTBPATyPHAfl Jl,%SlTEJ[hnOCTh ABKABPHGTOBT . 61 

o6paTHJicfl Ki npesHefl muojih cfioefl, ^to y^aciB i^apcxByDu^aro 
AOHa, a paBHO h to, KaKofl o6pa8i npaBjiefliA bbbcth bi PoccIh^ 

B% npaBt TOJILKO piniHTB BeJIHRifl C06opiy ^TO nOOTOJIHHO I Gia- 
pajICA BHyinaTB BCiM^b HSBi^CTHUMl MHtqjieHaM'b''. 

noRasaHie bto — bo bg^komi cJiyqat BnojiHi BCxpeHHee, Tasi 
sasi HHKTO ero He ipefioBajii — CBBA^TejiBCTByeTi o Towk, ^to 
HULOJiB o6:b y6iflcTBi, BnepBue BucEasaHHaJi TOBapnii^aMH, xotb h 
MOJiBRajia B:b rojiOBt PuJiieBa^ ho ho nepexoAHJia bi pimenie; OHi 
Bcer^a fiujii apoTHsi hoa h, tojibro b% caifuft pasrapi CBoeft pe- 
BOJiiOAioHHoS HBCxynjieHHOCTH, 0H'( yxBaTHJicfl sa Biy muojib h, j^ii- 
cTBHTejTLHO, RaR'E BSCTyHJieHHuS, 6pocajiofl Ha ineK) Tony ^ejiOBtRy, 
KOToparo casfb sa h^crojibro ^^acoBi nepoAi* btewl oqExajii oyiia- 
cmeAiOHM'b *). 

Bo BCHROMi cjiyqat HHRaRoro oapeA^jieHHaro h BupafioxaH- 
Haro HJiana i;apey6ificTBa y PujiieBa He 6i]jio, h Ha njioH^aAB oh'b 
nonrejn, BipoflTHO, cb tok) se MucjiiK), Ha ROxopoS qacxo ocTanaB - 
jiEBajEoa, ROFAa CTajiRHsajicfl o% RaRHMi-HHey^B Heo6uqaflEO cjtos- 
HiiMi Bonpocoflii: „o6oTOflTejiBCXBa noRasyxi, ^xo jo^tjiaTB j^oje- 

HHO" **). 

III. 

„Boi H8i npHcyxcxBOBaBrnHXi (na nooJiiAHen co6paHiH), — pas- 

CRaSUBaeXI^ 6apOH'B PoseH'B, — 6£[J1H TOTOBU A^ftCTBOBaTB, BCt 6£IJIH 
BOCTOpSeHBI^ BC% HajH^HJIHCB Ha yCH^Xl H TOJIBRO O^HHl HBl BOiX^B 

nopasHJi'B HeHfl coBepmeHHuicB caMOOTBepseHieMi; ohi cnpocHjii 
MeHJi Haeji^HH'fe: ^Moacao jih hojioshtbgh naBtpnoe na coA^ficTsie 
1-ro H 2-ro 6axajiioHOB:B naniero noJiRa?*^ h Ror^a h npeji;cTaBHJi'B 
eicy Bci npenHxcTBin, saxpyAHeBiir, ho^xh HeBOSMOSKHOcxB, xo oh'b 
ci oco6eHHB[M'B BBipasoHieMi Bi JiHi^i H Bi rojioct cRasajn MH'6: 
^A&» Majio BHi^OB'B Ha yoaix:B, ho BoexaRH na^o, BcexaRH na^^o na- 
qaxB; Haqajo h npHMtpi npHHecyxi ^JIOAu^^ Em^e xenepB cjrumy 
dsyRB, HHXOHai^Jio: ^BcexaRH Ha^o''. To cRasajii uni Kosjupaxifl 
0e;^opoBHq^ PfiuiteBi" ***). 



'*') rioKaaaHifl PbiJitesa ao Toro pascepAHJiH KaxoBCKaro, mto oH-b chmI) Ha 
Aonpoct CTa^iii 6e3'b CTtcHenifl orosapHBaTb Pujitesa; ohi^ npHnHCbiBaAi> eMy 
iiJiaHi) y6ieHi5i uecapeenqa KoHCTaHTHHa, nnsiWb saKjiioHHTb bi> KptnocTb uap- 
cKyK) (^aMHAiio cb utjibK) TaMi> yMepTBHTb ee, hjih yMepTSHTb ee bi> MocKB'fe 
npH KopoHaiUH; OH-b roBopH;n>, mo PujiteB-b AyMaji-b noc;it y6ieHiyi uecape- 
BHMa KoHCTaHTHHa pacnycTHTb cjiyxi, mo 9to y6iflcTB0 coBepiueHO no npHKa- 
saHiK) HMneparopa HHKOJiaa flaBJiOBflqa; oh^ npHnHCbiBajiij eMy n/ian-b noA- 
yK&ib ropoA'b, HTo6bi h ripaxa HtMCUKaro He 6bi;io; roBopHJi-b, mo oht>, Pbi- 
jiteB-b, CHa6AHjn. ero, KaxoBCKaro, KHH^ajioM-b... 

Pbi;i'beB'b, OTBtqaH na aiH.nyHKTbi o6BHHeHi«, yiBepJKAa/i'b, hto bcc, noKa- 
aaHHoe KaxoBCKHMi, npeucno/iHeHo HecnpaBeAJiHBocTH h KAeBeru, h bo BceM-b 
BHAHO HBHoe HaMtpeHie MCTHTb eMy, PbiJiieBy, sa CA'^JiaHHun na Hero, KaxoB- 
CKaro, noKasanifl. 

**) .floHeccHie-, 68. 
***) B, Podem, „3anHCKH AeKa6pHCT0BT>". JleflnuHn>, crp. 86—87. 



1 

i 



I 

62 P700ROS BOrATOTBO 

9to CMyTHoe cocTOHHie jijztk Pu;iieBa, HaRaHyHt pimflTejiBHaro 
mara — cocTOfleie, H^yn^ee hi paspiai oi o6iuhu'Ii npn[io;^HffTUMi, 
9R8ajibTHpoBaHHUM'E HacTpoeHieM'B, Bi saKOMi OHi HaxoAHJiofl aa 
coBtmaHi^xXy otm^thjh h H. EecTysesi: „jiyqme 6uTh BSflTUMi 
Ha njoma^H, — roBopnjii PujiieBi, — eeseJiH Ha nocTeJH. IlycTB 
jiyqme ysnaiOTx, 3a hto mu nornCHeMi, neseJiH 6yj(yTi y^SBJiflTLCff, 
Kor^^a MBi TafiKOMi HciesHeicb nsi oCn^ecTBa, h hbrto hb 6yAeTi 
BHaxB, T]s,i Mu H 3a "7X0 nponaJH''. ^CyAi^a Haina ptineHa^ R'b 
coMH^HiHM'E HamHMi TeaepB, Kone^HO, npH6aBflTCJi Bct npenflTCTBiji. 
Ho MLi na^HeM'b. R yBtpeei, qxo norH6HeMi, ho npHMipi ocTa- 
HeTca" *). 

14 ffeRa6pa FujAqbt, BHraeji hbi fl;oMy O'leHL pane **). 

OaaceHia ero onpaB;i;ajiHCB, h na uon^a;^ ero oaRH^^ajio nejiHoe 
paso^aposaHie; Bnpo^eMii, ohi na caifofi HJion^affH ocTaBajca o^eHL 
He^ojiro. >,14 AeKafipA, npex^^e npHCAPH, noRasuBaeri ohi, 6bijiii 

n J BOpOTl MoCROBGRarO nOJIRa BlCtCTi Cl IlyiRHHBIM'E^ HO Bl 

poT£i He bxoji;hjih mu h hh oji;Horo o^Hi^epa, hh cojiAATa ne bba^jh; 
npi'l^BsajH ace ysnaTB, ?to a'^^abtca. IIotomi npotssajiH mu mhxo 
HsMafijiOBGRaro nojiRa ri Ka3apMaM'E dRHoasa, ho nocji'& BosBpaiH- 
JDIHGL Ha MOD RBapTHpy. IIocji^ cero H en^e ^sn,EJi% ri J[efi6i-rpe- 
HaAepGRHMi RasapMaMi, ho, He Aoi^xas^b ao hhxi, BGTpixHJTGfl a ci 
KopaHJiOBH^eMi h, ysnaBi otl nero, qio CyTro^i co CBoefl poxoft 
yse nomejn na njion^aAB, BopoxHJiGfl. Ha njioni,aji;H se yBHA^Bi 
6e3Ha^ajiie h neycxpoficxBO, oxnpaBHJiGa HCRaxL TpyOeicRoro h 
6oJite yse ne B03Bpani,ajiGH^. C'h dXHUi noRasaHieicb GOoaGHO h 
xo, Hxo pascRasHBaexi H. Hy^HHi. Ohx roBopHxi, qxo ohi h 
Puji'leBi npi^xajiH yxpoMi na G6opHoe Mtcxo, ho, ne Hameji;niH 
TaMi HHRaKHXi boSgr'b, oxapaBHJiHCB Bi RasapMU HsMafijoBCRaro 
nojiRa. BcxptxHJiH ohh ho ^opori MHHMana Hn/coBa, Roxopufi hxi 
yBipHJii, ?xo HHRaRaa nonnxRa no^HJiXL EsMafljioBCRifi hojiri ho mo- 
sexi 611XL y^a^Ha. Ohh BOsepaxHJiHCB xorAa BGiiaxb, h Ha axoTi 
pasi HamjiH na cfiopnoMi Mi^Gxt A^yxi BeGxyseBkixi h UJ^enHHa 
Bnepe^H GOJi^axi. HyniiHHi npHMRHyjii ri nHMi, a PjujiteBi GRa- 

SaJIl, "9X0 Ofll OXnpaBHTGA Bl ^HHJIHHAGRifi HOJIRl, H nOXOM% HHRXO 

ero yace 6ojite ne BH^ajn. ^PujiieBi, — roBopHxi Hyni.HH'B, — Chjii 
BGer^a roxoBi cjiysHXB xafinoMy o6n];eGXBy h cjiobom'B, h ^jiomi, 
HO Bi piiniHxejiLHyK) MHnyxy ohi noxepaiGJi^ RoneHHO, ne hsi ona- 
ceniff aa cboh) acHSHL** ***). 

Bapoflii Poseni xojiRyexi, nnpoqeMi, HtcROjibRO nna^e ary 
cyexJDiHBOCXB PujitOBa. „PjbiJiteBX, RaR:b yroptJiHfi, — roBopHxt, ohi, — 
^poGajDicfl BO BGt RaaapMLi, ro BGtMi RapayjiaMi, qxo6£i Ha6paT& 

*) H. BecxyweB-b. ,BocnoMHHaHie K. 0. PujiteBt*, CoMHHeHifl PbiJi-feeea, 
JlefinuHr-b, 1861, 36. 

**) H. BecTyHcee-b onHCbieaerb pasAHpaiouiyio cueny npomamfl Pbi^itesa Cb 
xceHOfl H AOHepbK), HO cuena sxa Mor;ia 6biTb npHCOMHHeHa H. Beery xceBbiMi). 
***) 14 AeKa6pfl, M. HymHHa .BceMipHwfl BtcTHHicb-, 1903, VI— VII, 233. 



JIHTEPAiyPHAfl ^^^flTBJILHOCTB J|;BKABPHGT0BI. C3 

6ojibme MaxepiajiLHofl chjibi, h Bosspan^ajiCH Ha njioo^a/CL ci^nycxuMH 
pjKaMH^. ^Emj Hesaniifb 6ujio ^oJiro ocTaBaTLca Ha ceHaTCSod 
njonna^H, hotomj vro ohi ^HxejiLH'le Bcbxi ^pyrnxi codnpajii 

GHJIU CO BCiXl CTOpOHl^ HCKaJIl OT^ijIbBUXl JIHI^li, H6 HBBBniHXGH 
Kh c6opHOMy M^CTJ. Ofil TOJILKO HO MOFB npHHJITB HaqSJIBCTBa 

Ha^ BoScROMi, He nojiaraflCB Ha caoe yMiHLe paonopffAHTBCH^ h 
en^e HaKanyHi H36pajii ji^jui ce6ji ofinsaHHocTB paAOBoro ^). EEiTb 
Mosexi, PujiieBi ^ScTBHrejiBHO cxapajicji co6HpaTL, ecjiH He chjilt, 

KOTOpUMH OHl He paCHOJiarajQll, to OTAiJtBHBIXl JIHI^l ^), HO BO BCH- 

KOMi ciy?at oHi Ha njion^aAu He nrpajii HHKasot bhahoA pojiH. Crajri 
jiH oh*e Ha H^KOTopoe speMH Bi p^Au cojij^arE, ci cyMOX) ^epesii nxe^o 

H 0% pySBOMl Bl pyKaXl, KaSl OHI XOTtjIl ')'-HeH8BtOTHO; OTXOAHJIX 

ME OWL Bi CTopony, ?To6£i npHB^TCTBOBaTB S. BeciyseBa nepsuicB 
ni^joBanieHi cbo6oj];u h CRasaxL eMy, qxo nocjiiffniH hxi MHHyTu 
6JIH8RH ^); ciapajiGH jih ohi orpa^HTB Kasoro-TO ^no^exHaro ^hhob- 
HHKa^ OT'B HacHXLGXBeHHaro BaBJieqenifl b% sape 6yHxyion^HXi ^); 
roBopHJii Jin OBi 6. FjiEBKi, BpoHHSHpyff BaAi GaMHMTi co6oft, 
jpHOCMOxpHxe, ^TO saxtfljiH" •) — BGe 8X0 npoBtpHXB xenepL neBos- 
HOSHO. Ho BO BCflEOMi cjiyqat, PujiteBi ne ^GxpijiAJi'B, ne Chjii 
npHEJiaAOifE E He eojiojx inTUKOM'b reHepajiOBii, o^HuepoBi h Apy- 
rHX%, nocjaHnHxi on rocy^apH ajh yBimama GOJi;i;axi", — KaKi 
3T0 yxBepasAaji bo BceiCB 6e8ii;epeMOHHufl A. 6. BoeflKOBi ''), 
CoBctin BipoflXHO xasse, ^ixo, BcxpixEBt KOMaH^Hpa GeueHOBGRaro 



^) B. Foaem. ,3anHCKH AeKa6pHCT0Bi>*, JIefinuHn> 1870, 97, 147. 

2) KaK-b, nanp., kh. Tpy6euKoro, KOTOpbifl na n;iomaAb hc flSH/icfl. 

^ PbiJitesi) npeAno;iarajii> Aa}Ke HajntTb pyccKifl Ka(])TaH'b| ,MTo6bi cpoAHHTb 
cojiAaTa cb noceji5iHHHOMi> ei) nepsoM-b AtflcreiH HX-b ssaHMHOfi CBo6oAbi* — 
KaK-b yraepHCAaerb H. 5ecTy)KeBi> (BocnoMUHaHie, 40). HaMtpeniH caoero ohi>, 
anpoHeMi*, He HcnojiHHA'b, xoth ero KOcrioM'b, KasKercyi, 6poca;icfl bi> rjiasa. „Co 
cnoBi* OAHoro OHeBHAua, CAynafiHO aameAiuaro Ha QviomaAb bo speMH CBoefl 
yrpeHHefi uporyAKH, — luomaAb npeACTaBA5i;ia sptAume cOBepmeHHO CBoeo6pa3- 
Hoe. Tyrb 6biAH AHua, KaKHxi> HHKorAa He BHAarb bI) neTep6yprfe, no KpafiHefl 

Mtp% MaCCaMH: CTapHHHblH (])pH30BbIH UIHHeAH CO MHOXCeCTBOMl* OTKHAHblXl> BO- 
pOTHHKOBl>; lUHHeAH rpaXCAaHCKifl, nOpHAOHHblfl, H npH HHX1> Ha rOAOBOXl) My> 

xcHiucifl uiaoKH; noAyiuy6KH npH KpyrAbixi> uiAflnax-b. Aauh* noAoreHua, bm^cto 
KymaKOB-b, h TOMy noAoCnoe, — utAbift MacKapaAi> pacnyTCTBa, saMbiuiAsiiomaro 
opecrynAeBie. Bi> p$iAaxi> MejibKaAH no BpeMeHaMi> A. 5ecTyxceBi>, PbiAteB-b h 
Apyrie {M, Eoyfih. BocmecTBie na npecroA-b HMnepaTopa HuKOAafl I, Cn6. 1857, 
147, 148). ytiacTHHKH BOSMymeHisi npOHSBeAH, bo bcakomi* CAyqat, cBOHM-b 

BHtlUHHMl> BHAOMl), HSBtCTHyiO CeHCaiUK). .POTaMH HaHaAbCTBOSaAH ceMb HAH 

BoccMb odep'b-OiiJHuepoB'b, — CKasaHO 6bi;io bi> npH6aBAeHiH K-b Ms 100, ,,Cn6. 
B%A0M0CTe*l'* 1825 r. — kt» hhmi> npHCoeAHHH;iHCb H'fecKOAbKO leAOBtK-b .rnyc- 
Haro* BHAa bo (fpaKax-b* (.PyccKifl AxHB-b* 1881, II. 337). 

*) .riaMHTH 6paTbeB'b BecxyHceBbix-b*, Jleflnunrb, 38. 

*) ,3anHCKH npoToiepen loanna BuHorpaAOBa*. .PyccKati CTapHHa*, 1878, 
VIII, 575. 

*) CupomuHum, 178. 

*) .riHCbMO BoefiKOsa in> kh. E. A. BoakohckoA, orb 14 AeKa6pii'. .PyccKJft 
ApxHBT,*, 1894, n, 294. 



i 

[ 



61 pyooBOB BorATOino. 

nojisa lUenosa Ha naoniaj^, PuJiteBi noAomejii ri HOMy h csa- 
sajii: ^Bbahto. Cepii^t IlaBJioBHqi^ a on hhxi OTcraji^ — xotb dia 
H padCKasuBajii cam niHnoBi n. EapreHeBj *). 

Bi Tj MHHyTy, Kor^a „BucTpijiu pasotiiJiH fieayMi^eBi (yh ao- 
JupHOK) BBisAOK)^ **) — PujiieBa Ha njion^a;^ He Gujio. 

.,Pijji*eB% CKHTajiCH He sHaio r^t, — nHmera Fpeii, — ho ki Beiepy 
npumejii AOMofi. Y Hero co6pajiocB HtcKOJiBKo repoeBi loro arh, 
MesAy npo^HMi 6apoHi> IIlTeflHrejib: ohh c^jih sa ctojii h saKy- 
pHjiH cnrapu. ByjirapHHi, secToso omejroicjieHHufl BspuBOHi, o ko- 
TopoHi OHi HM^jii TOMHoe HpeA^yBCTBie^ npHmeJii ki PujifteBy 
^acoBi B:b BOceMB h Hamejii ^ecTHyio KOnnaHiK) npecnosoflHO cr- 
Aiin^eK) sa ^aeiii. PujiteBi BCTajii, npecnoKoflno otbojii ero bi» 
nepe^HiDK) h cKasajii: „Te6t sAtcB ne Mioxo. Tu fiy^eniB shbi, 
cxynafi aomoS. A 00^61, npocTfl! He ocTaBJuifl senu Moefl h pe- 
6eHKa''. noiitjioBaji'b ohi ero h BBiHpoBOj^HJi'b hbib aomj^ ***). Hnnera 
noAo6Haro, stpoflTHO, na caMom A^jit ne 6bijio; ByjirapHHi nocjii^j^- 
Hee BpeMfl, na^o ^yifaTB, o6%rajii> sa BepcTy BBapinpy PujiieBa, 
HO, nocjit CMepxH PujiieBa, Mon bcd btj TporaxejiBHyK) ci^eny bu- 
AyifaTB H pascRasaTb ee Fpeqy, ecjiH caaii Fpeni ee ne BUffyMajn. 
Bi pasGKasi BipeHi tojibko oahhi $aKTi, no^^epacA^HHufl h no- 
EasaHieMii PujiteBa: Be^epoMi, 14 AeEa6pff, HiKOXopue ^Jienu o6nie- 
CTBa j^ificxBHxejiLHo co6paj[ncB y PujiioBa, ci KaRofl u^jibk)— ne- 
h3b4ctho. J. KponoxoBi ****), paacRasHBaexi 061 axoMi nocjit^neMi 
Beqept nna^e, h xoxb padCRasi ero h nejiBBH npoBtpnxB, ho ohi, no 
RpaSnet Mtpi, npaB^onoAodeHi. ^BeqepoMi, 14 ^eRafipji, — pas- 
CRasuBaexi ohi, — PsuiieBi hbhjich aomoA nacMypnuMii h ne- 
qajTBHOMi. HanHBHiHCB ^aH)^ cRaaajii sent: ^Xy^o, moS Apyn, 
Bctxt MOHX'B icpyaefi 6epyxi no^i cxpaKy, BtpoHXHO ne hb- 
6i^rHyxB h mh% o6H;efi yqacxH**. OxnpaBHBmHOB bi CBOfi Rafinnexx, 
OHi yjiercH na jo^HBaHt. IIOGJit nojiyno^H^ npi^xajii ofiepi-noJiHiiiS- 
Heficxepi H o&hSBEjn, eMy noseJi^Hie 06% apecxoBanin ero. Pbi- 

.li^eBi o^tjicH nacRopo, djiarocjiOBHjDi'B j^o^b gbok) HacxoHBRy, 
Rpi^nRO cxaji'B bi 061^x1^x1 seny, HSHeMoraBmyK) no^i dpoHe- 
ui ropecxH, n, nouiJioBasi ee b:b nocjiti];Hifi pas'B, 6Bicxpo 
HanpaBHjicH ri joiBepH^. 

PHjiieBi 6hjii oxBeaeHi npaiio bo J^Bope^^, oxRy^a nocjii ffo- 
npoca y ^apff, — 6uA'h ffocxaBjieHi bi UexponaBJiOBCRyBO EptnocxB 
H noMin^oHi Bi 17 J^^ AjieRcieBCRaro paBejiHHa. 

^HpHCBijiaeMaro PujiteBa, — nncajn ^ocy;^apB, — ^ocaJ^HXB b-b 
AjieRcteBCRiB pasejiHHX, ho ne CBHsuBaxB pyRi; ^axB eiiy 6yMary 



*) .PyccKitt ApxHST,-, 1890 VI, 178. 
'^*) .riMCbMa KapaM3HHa kt> iXMHTpieey*, Cn6. 1866, 411. 
***) ^pe^^. ,3anHCKH Moett >kh3Hh", Cn6. 1886, 376—7. 
***♦) .HtcKOJibKo CBtfltHifl PbiJitee-h", 242. 



JIHTBPATyPHAAt A^flTBJlLHOGTB |(BKABPHOTOBl. 65 

mM nHCBMa H qro 6yAerL nncaTB ro mh^, co5cTBeHHopyHBo MHi 
npHHOCBTb ese^^HeBHO** *), 



IV. 

Ajia P&uiteBa aaqajiacb TOMHTejoLLBaa b rpyoTBaa sbsbb bi 
saKjrio'^efliB. Iloojit nepesBTUxi BOJiseflifl, TaKaa fiessBy^Baa 

2B8HL AOJIXna 6EIJia yCKOpHTB TOTl flepBBUfi BpBBBCl, ROTOpHB 

6us% flefl86'6meH'& npB ero Bne^axjiflTejiBHofi Baxypft; cjibbi- 
xoMi ceBTBMeflTajiBHa 6ujia bi ooBOBi cBoefi era aaTypa, 
cjiHBiROH'E Bi Hefl Cujuo MHoro Me^TaTejELflaTo dJ[6MeBTa, ^to6h 
osa Ba AOJiriS cpoR^b Morjia su^^epsaTB TaRoe BanpBseBie, bi Ra- 
ROMi oBa BaxoAHJiacL bx npoftOJiseBie nocjiiAHEX'b MtcBi^eB%. 
npB Boefl CBoefi BOcnjiaMeBaeMocTB h pisROCTH bi cysAeBiaxi, 
PiuieBi B6 Cujii flacTOflmBicb fioeBUMi ^ejioBiBOMt, — ^ejroBtROBi 
OBJiBBoS BOJiB, BBij^epsaflBBixi pimeBifl yica b ctoAroS nooJitAOBa- 

TeJIBBOGTB Bl A^flCTBiHX'B. ObI Bl pi^aXl B OTBXaXl 6uJi% CM^- 

lie, ^iwh Ba A'bJKty B Ror^a obi ooBBaJBLi, hto a^jio npoBrpaao, 
OBI MOPB paspiniBTB ce6t toti AynieBBuS noROt, ROTopuS ob'b 
Bcer^a jtuSbjh, RaRi noarB b MeHxaTejiB. KoBevBO, rosopBTB o 
i^noRot^ 8aRjK)HeBBaro, se SBaioo^aro, RaRaa yqacTB ero osB;^aerB» 
^ejQLOBiRa, 08a6o?eBBaro Qjji,h6oA Apysefl h combh. — sejiBsa. Ho 
ecTB noRoS BBicmaro nopaARa, ROTopuS bobmosobi b npB 6ojib- 
fliBxi BOJiBeaiaxi cepjog^a; aio noRofl bi oosBaaiB Toro, ^to to, ?to 
•HBTajii BysBUMi — OA^jiaBO, CA^jiaBO oi BanpaseaieM^B Bcixi 
CBJii, ROTopBia 6ujiB B^B pacnopas6BiB, fl ^To ne^ajiBflaa paseadRa 
BToro ^Jia yse Be Wh Hoefl bjibctb. 

PBULi^eBi npainejn ri axoay cosBaBiio Beo6BiqaflBO 6£icTpo b O'leBB 
noRopno npBMBpBJica cipasBaaRofl. diBMi npBHHpeflieM'B o6iaGBaeTca 
ero noBeAeaie aa Aonpocaxi, ero noRaaaBia b xa o^obb BCRpeflBaa 
pejiBiioaBooxB, Roxopaa bo ace npo^ojiseBie ero xnpeMBofl acBSHB 
•Jiysejia A^a sero boxo^bbromi yximeaia. 

J^ajiBBifiaiaa 6opB6a cxaJia BeBOSMOsaot, ocxaBajiocB xojkbro ona- 
eaxB nocxpaAaBiHBX'B. BraifB Puji'&eB'B a pyROBO^cxBOBajiGa npa gbobxi* 
OTBixaxi B noRasafliax'B.GyiuecxByexB MBiBie,Tro npaasaaia OGyx^eH- 
BHXB 6ujiB He Bcer^a Ao6poBOJ[BBu; tho BjacxB ynoxpefijiaJDia bgoboh- 
KOJEHHUi opeAoxBa Ri xoMy, qxo6£i BUsy^axB npaanaHie, RaRoe efi 6b[jio 
aysHO, mo 8aRj[K)ieHH£ixi aamajB cnoRoficxfiia xtjia h A7^^ ^ 
paaHUMB opeACXBaBB, A^se o^eaB apafiBBMB, sacxaBJiajiB orosapa- 
BaxB apyrax-B xoBapanteft **). Cro^bro bi axoMi yxBep3iW©Hia 



*) ,HtcKOAbKO oiOB-b B-b naMHTb HMneparopa HHKOAan I*. .PyccKan Cra- 
F«Ha-, 1896, VI, 459. 

*♦) Taicb yTBep»cflaK)n> H. MypaBbeBT> h JlyHHHb. .Paaeop-b floHeceHifl* 
.SanHCKH fleKa6pHCT0BT.*, II, III, JIohjiobt. 1863, 104. Flo^iTBepiKAaerb oto h 
TypreHCB-b, ,La Kussie et les Russes* I, 236 — 7. 

J€ 7. Ota* ^ 



66 PyOOROB BOrATCTBO. 

ECTBHEI, OKOJIbBO BUM UCJia — npOB^pHTB Tpy^HO, HO KOSHO » 

jBtpeHHOOTLK) csasaTL, TTO Bi PujiteBj Mtpu npHHyjig^eHiJi He 
npBMtHHJiHCii, H ero otspobohhoctl Ha nonpoct fiujia He Bu&ysAOH- 
Haa, a AoSpoBOUHaa. ?to obi roBopajii i^api) bi bo^b Ha 15 
AeKa6pB, mu ho sHaeifb, ho, BtpoaiHO, roBopHJH OTspoBOHHO, no* 
TOMy ^TO i^apb nosejiaji'L HMtxb eseAHesHBiH OBi^^ifliH otl Hero. 
Ha nepaoMi ;(oapoc% nepe^i BOMHTeroMi, nosasaHiH ero fiuu 

^OTpUBHCTBI*' *), a SaTtMl O^eHB nOApo6HU H OfiCTOBTOJIkHU. 

ToBapHH^'b ero, H. BeoTyaseBi, roBopHTi tbki o6i ero noBe^^enui 
Ha flonpocaxi *'*): 

„BoTii noeei^eHie PujiteBa no KOMBxeTj, gkojii>bo h Mora cyjiBTL 
HSi Atia H ero nosasanift, KOTopun ^o mbbh ^^oxoahjh. Ho sa^gb 
M roBopH) co6cTBeHHoe Mfltflie — to, qTO MHt BasajrocL, He ochobu- 
BaflCB HH Ha KaRHxi nojioasBTejibBLii'L AOsasaxejiLCTBaxi. 

FujiteB'B cxapajicii nepeAi KOMHTeTOMi BJUcxaBHTB o6iiiecTBO k 
^jia OHaro ropaa^o BasHte, aesejH ohh Cujih bi cbmomi jitjA. 
Ohi xoTixi npHABTB Btcy BciMi HamBMi nocTynRaMi, e sjihtofo 
lacTO Atjajii tbrIh noKasaHin o xasHxi Ben^axi, KOTopuB BHRor;i;a 
He cyn^dCTBOBBJiH. CorjiaoHO ci CBoei) mucjibk), ?to6bi saajiH, ?ero 
xortjio Hame o6iiiecTBO, ohi OTspmii mhohh Bemn, ROTopun ot- 
RpfaiBarb 6u He naAJesaJio. Co bc^mi tI^mi 9to ho 6lijih be jios- 
Hfaifl HORasaHiE na Jiei^a, ee RaRifl-flB6yAB yjiOBRE jijls CBoero on- 
paBAaHifl; naapoTBB'B, osi, npHHEMBE see bb cboA c^erb, Bbicxa- 
BJiBJH ce6E npsqEHoi) Bcero, bi qoMi mofjih ynpeRHyTb o6iiiecTBo. 
CBepxi Toro, ROHETexi ynoxpe6jrEJii Bct HenosBOJiHxejiBflbifl cpe^- 
cx£a: Bi sa^ajift o6imajiE npomeHie; Buocjitj^cxBiE, sorAa Bce 6fijio 
oxRpuxo E Ror^a se AJis. ?ero 6iiixo maj^EXB noj^cyj^EMUx'B, npHco- 
BORyaEJiBCB yrpoabi, sase cxpamajiE dbixrok). KoMBxexi najiaraji'b 

ffBEB Ha pOACXBeHHBIB CBflSE, EB Apys6j; BC% XBXpOCXE E EOAJOrE 

611JIH yaoxpe6jieflbi. K SHaji ^epesi cxaparo cojiAaxa, qxo Pujit- 
eBy 6uJio o6taiaHO oxi rocyAapn npomeaie, eseJiE ohi npESHaexcE 
B% cBOEXi BantpeHiBXi; iseEt ero 6uJ!0 cRasaflo xo se; no3BOJiesbi 
6biJiE cBHAaHiE, nepeQECRB, Bce 6bijio yaoxpe6je[eHO, ^xo6u sacxaBETB 
pacRpbiXBCE Pbuiieea. Csepxi xoro, Bflan Bamy ch eemi Apys6y, 
flacB cnpamBBBJiE ?aoxo oxi ero EMeHH xbrbx'b Bon^axi, ro- 
Topuxi HBMi npesne b sa mucjib se npBxoj^BJio. A, npB3BaiocB, 
o6MaByxHB caMB o6'6iaaBieM'B i^apcRHMi, SHaB sa RBRyio i^tay 
OHO o6tiiiaso Pjbijii^eBy, e BaaB ero BaMtpeaie npeAcxaBHTB bi 
BasfltflmeMi bea^ aen^B, AyMajii A^ficxaoeaxB ai tomi ase CMUCJit, 
^xo6bi He noBpeABTB eny e ne bucxbrexb ero Jisei^OMi, oxpE- 
i^BBCB oxi noRasafliff, c^i^jiaHHbix'B 67AT0 orB ero emohe, oco6eHBO 



*) A, Jf. Bopo€Koe%. ,ABTo6iorpa(|)H4ecKi5i sanHCKH*. .PyccKan CrapHHa* 
1898. XI, 336. 

**) .Ha-b sanHCOK-b H. A. BecTyxcesa*. ^^IlaMsiTH 6paTbeBi> BecTyxceeux-b", 
Jleflniwr-b 1880, 39-41- 



JIHTEPAXyPHAfl ^ftflTEJOTbHOOTB JI|;EKA6PHGT0BI. 6T 

wh Ha^ajri ff'bJia, Eor^a k en^e He padra^ajn axoft XHTpocTH komh- 
TeTa; ho nocjit h yanajn 9to^ h mbi ci 6paT0M'b b3hjih cboh Mtpn. 
?T0 se sacaeTCH ^o Pujiieaa, oh'& He HSMtnHJH caoefi BcerAamHeft 
;z(OBip?HBOGTH H ffo KOHqa yfitsjueni 6uj['l, ^to ^tJio oroh^htoh 
j^jH HacL 6jQ[aronoj[j^HO. 9to Sujio bhaho hsi ero saaHCRH, nocjiaH- 
Hofl KO BciMi Ham Bi pasejEHHt, RorAa oh^b ysHaji'B o AtficTBinxi 
BepxoBHaro yrojiOBHaro cy^a; ona na^HHajiacB cjit^i^yioiuHMH gjeo^ 
BaMff: ^RpacHEie Ea^raHU (t. e. ceHaxopu) ropfl^axcH h npHcyAHJH 
HaM'b CMepTHyK) RasHb, ho sa nacb Bors, roGyjii;apB h 6jaro»BicjiH- 
npe jTioflH" — oROH^aHia ne homhid*. 

^To PujiteBx HaJ^tJ^JIOH Ha „6jiaronojiy^HHfl" hcxoji'b fl;*Jia, — Ha 
■dTO ecTB HaiieRH h Bi ero nncBMaxi hsi EaseMaxa; nenoHHTHO 

TOJIBRO, KaR'B, Haj^tHCB Ha 8T0, OHl HOrB HpeACTaSJirflTB Bce js.'hjio 

6ojiie oepBesHuifB h cjeoxhum'b, ^tifB oho 6bijio. Ob'b axoro, b^- 
poHTHO, H He jitJiajii, HO m6 ohi 6e3cnopHO npeyBejiHiHsajii — TaR% 
BTO CBOK) co6cTBeHHyH) pojB BO BceflfB saroBOpt. Bo8Bej[H7HBaj['B se 
OHi ce6H Ha c^erB jipyraxi cb o«ieHB onpe^tJieHHofi a^jibh): obcb 
xoTtjii B3HTB Ha ce6fl HaH6ojiBniyK) ?acTB bhhbi, ?to6bi ona ne 
TaRo8 THsecTBK) jierjia na njie^H TOBapHn];eft. 

BapoH'B PoseH'B pascRasuBaerB^ ^to PujiteBi na ^onpocax'B 
HSJiarajTB o^ohb ctftjio cboh BsrjiHAKr na nojiosenie PoccIh h 6uji'b 
o^OHB OTRpoBeHOHB Bi o6jH7eHiH OH He;i;ocTaTROBB. Kh. Tpy6ei][- 
Kofl yTBeps^aerBy ^to obi Beji juaxe „pa3BH3HBifl^ pasroBopi 
(apaBj^a, ji,o j^oapoca) o ^BpexesHOXB npaBjeHiH^ cb oj^HBifB hsi 
^SBOHXi cy^eS, RHsseifB A. H. Fojibuubeim'B *). 9th cntJiBiH h 

06jIHqHTeJIBBBIH pt^H PuJltOBa OGTaJIBGB HO BanHGaBHBIWH **), 
ho ^TO OHl MOrB npOH3HOCHTB BTh — 3T0 Oojte ^tui BtpOHTHOI 

nOAasajiH se A. BeGTysReBi h mreilBrejiB j^jihhbuh AOHeGemn ca- 
MOMy AapK), B'B ROTopuxi He Hj^aniffjiH pycGRie nopn^RH. 

EojiH Hhr. MypaeteBi h H. TypreneBi Moryii 6htb 3ano;^03peHH[ 
Bi cxpeifJieHiH ^pe;^cTaBeTB ^BBKeaie othk)j;b ne GepBesHBiMi ***), 
TO noRaaafliH PBuiteaa DHGaBBi o'b hojh&im'b cosBaHieM'B BasHociH 
Toro A^Jia, ROTopoMy ob'b GJiysHJu. 

BuTB HOseTi, eMy h ne cjitj^oBajro 6u roBopHXB xaRi yBtpenno 
H OTRpuTO GHJiax'B DHSflaro ofin^eGTBa, pyROBo;(fliAe& pojH, ro- 
TopjK) B'B HeflfB Hrpaji'B IleGTeJib; Cbitb MOiReTB, ob'b HaapaGHO 

HpOGHJTB CBOHX'B Gy^eft ^BpHBflTB BCeB03M02RBbIH Hpej^OGTOpOSBOGTH 
H RaRl H03RHO GROptO, ^T06u OHHTB He HpOJIBJiaOB RpOBB H HO HO- 

rH6jiH JiK)ffjiy AOGToSaue, Honex'B 6eiItb, jiyqmeS yqaGxa''. TaRin GJiOBa 
MorjH HGRasHTB sapaflte TO^Ry sptBln GyABH na xoro bjih Apyroro hoa- 
^yAHHaro h sacxaBHXB cjjsj>jo ape^aoJiaraxB o^ohb BasBoe h 8HaqHxe;iB- 



*) 3anHCKH KH. Tpy6euKoro. JleflnuHn*, 1874, 67. 

**) B'B .AoHeceHie" sth o6;iHqHTejibHbiH ptHH ne nona/iH. CpB. Schnitzler 
Histoire intime de la Russie II, 135. 

*♦*) M. MypaBbeB-b bt* pasdop-fe .JJoHeceiria* h H. TypreneBT. bt» M^mok> 
let d'un prescript. 



68 P700K01 BOriTOTBO. 

Hoe Tam, r^t aioro, hosotIi 6utb, h ne 6ajL0 *), — ho HSXHrnHflx OTBpo- 
B6HH00TB PfiJiieBa BUTesajia oniiTb-TaKH ho hsi ^yserBa caMo* 
o6opoHH, a HBi ceHTHMeHTajiBHaro iiipooosepixaHifl, BOTopoe j^ony- 
csajio, ^To no6tAHTejiL Mosen OTaTB HtsHUMi oneBjHOHi, a rpos- 

HElS Cy^Bfl npeBpaiHTLGA BI HHJIOCTHBarO pOJ^HTOJrfl. 

Ki 8T0ft MHJiocTH PjUJi'6eB'L H BSBiBajLi 0^ cBMuxi nepBUxi ^Hefi 
8aKJiK)?eHifl. Cna^ajia ohi noAucBHBajii onpaBAaaie ^jui TaBofl bos- 

MOSHOfi MHJEOOTH H flHCaJEi: syOTSpUBl OTRpOBeHHO H ptmHTOJIBHO^ 
HTO HHt HSBiCTHO, fl npomj OAHOfl MHJIOCTH: HOU^aAHTB MOJIOAUX'L 

jD^efi, BOBJie^eHHUXi bi o6ii;ecTBO, h bchohbhtb, Hmo dyoc% epe- 
Menu — manaH cujia^ neped^ nomopow onu ne e^ cocmoHuiu duAUr 
ycmonmh**. SaT^Hi ohi o6pan^aeTCH yse npHHO Ki Aapio, 6681^ 

BCHKOfi nOHEITSH CaM03amHTBI. „?T0 HOBOJltBaJia COBtCTb, H CKa- 

sajii Bce, — nHmeiTL ohi eny. — npomy 061 o^Hoft HHJioeTH: 6yj^ 

MHJOCepA'B Kl MOHMl TOSapHmaiii; OHH BOi JIK)AH 01 OTJH^HiniH 

AapoBaHiflMH H ch ^npeEpaoHBiMH HyBCTeaMH. TBoe MHJiocepAie^ 
coffi^JiaeTib hbi ejitl caMuxi peBHocTHuxi BipHono;D[^aHHBiX!b tbohxi 
H o6e3opysHrb Tixi, koh noJBejiaK)rL h^th no cjiAaiti namKHi. 
Pocy^apB! Tbi Ha^ajii i^apcTBOBanie CBoe BejiHsoj^yoiHBiH'E hoabe- 
roHi: Tu OTpeKCfl on npeciojia bi nojiBsy CTapmaro 6paTa CBoero. 
CoBOsynHBi se ci B6JiHso;D[yinieMi HHJ[ocep;D(ie, Boro, rooy^apB^ 
He npHBjie^emL ki ce6t tli HaBcer;D[a?'' ce6!& oh'l roBopHJii i^apD' 
TOJiBRO Ofliflo, ^TO OHi — oneu^'b ceMeflcTBa. 

CEpoMHufi^ Eor^a a^jio mjio npocB6t, ohi ho n^aAHJTB oeSn^ 
Kor/^a oho KacajiocB o6BHHeHiH **), CyABH, rjiaBHUM'B o6pa80H!B, no 
ero se co6cTBeHHHH'B npHaHaHiHifB, xoxtjiH bha^tb b'b hbhi rjia- 
BapH H opraHHsaiopa diBepnaro o6n^ecTBa. ^KoMHTexy HSBicxHO, — 
roBopHJiH OHH,— ^xo ffo ^823 ro^a ciBepHoe xaflHoe o6n^ecxBO, oo- 
cxoflBmee h81 HeMHoraxi JiiOAefi h 6e3'B BCHKaro j^McxbIh, roxoBO 

6UJI0 CaMO C06o9 yHH^XOJSBXBCH, HO BU^ BCXynHBB B'B OHOe H saKS 
O^HHIB HBl njQraiieHHHX'B H piniHXeJIBHUX'B ^JieHOBl^ BOBOXaHOBHJIH 

o6n^ecxBO h npn nocpe^GTBt loacHuxi ^johobi^ B036ySinaBmHX'B 
8;D[tGB BsaHHHoe pBOHie^ 6Eiicxpo yHHOxaiH ^HCJio ^JienoB'B, ynpaBJiHH 
Hxi BOJiOH) H o;i[ymeBjiHfl hxx JinfiepaJiBHUMH noHHxiHMH h cjitnoio 
roxoBHOCxBK) Ki npeofipasoBEHiK), pacnpocxpaHHJiH h yxBepj^HJiH 
npecxynHHfi KpyrB A^flxejiBHOCXH xafiHaro o6n^ecxBa h, Hasonei^'B^. 



*) KanceTCfl, mo 9to HHor^a h c;iy»ia;iocb. Tpy6euKoil nHiiierb B'b cbohxiv 
.SanHCKax-b* (cip. 66—67/. „BHA'b Pu;i'feeBa CA'feJia;n» na mchh ne^a^ibHoe ene- 
<iaT;itHie; ohi> 6biJi'b 6;i'bAeH'b qpesBbmaftHO h oqeHb noxyA^Ji-b. Ero bhai* raK-b 
nopasH/ii) MeHfl, <ito h cAtjian'b to, <iero 6bi He AOJiMceHi) 6hijn>, a HMeHHo, a na 
H'bKOTOpoM'b ocnapHBaHiH noKa3aHi(i ero MH'^HiH o ApyrHXii jinnaiX'b, He cra/i'^ 
ynopcTBOBaTb h cor;iacHJicfl, mo oht> roBopH^-b to, nero a orb nero ne c;ibi- 
xani), KSLK-b h Tenepb B'b TOM-b yB'kpen'b, h hto, MO>Kerb 6hiTb, noABeprAO crpo- 
^afluieMy ocysKAeniio STHX'b AHU'b". 

**) 3a HCKAio^eHieM-b Bonpoca o uapey6i<!cTB'fe, HHHuiaTHBy KOToparo oH-b 
cb noAHfaiM'b npaBOMi> ne xo'rkn'b npHsnaTb sa co6oJt. 



JIHTBPATyPHAfl J[,MTmjLhnOOTh J^IBABPHOTOB'L. 09 

su nepBEie npeAnpHH4iJiH HaHipeHie BOonojiLsoBaTBoa nepenpHCJcroD 
rooyxapio Hxaeparopy HHBOJiaio IlaBJioBHqy, npeiuiOHHJiH kl tomj 
H xpyrHxi H oo^JiajiHOL rjiaBHOD npH^HHOK) npoHcmecTBui 14 Ae- 
Ka6pa^. Ha 8T0 o6BHHeHie — cl ^ftflcTBHTejiBHOCTBK) He Bnojini oo- 
rjiaoHoe (laBi Eaxi FuAqvl He BOBCTaHOBJuji'L oSn^eoTBa, oi 
DSHUMH ^jieHaMH HB apT^hjh h rjiaBHofl npHUHOfi npoHcme- 
OTBIH He 6wi'h) — PujiieBi OTB^THjii nojLEhOL'b npHSHaHieiii. 

,,npH8HaK)CL HHCTOCepjie^HO, — HHCajIl OHl, — ^TO H oaMi ce5ji 

flOHHTaK) TjLmniimMWb BHHOBHHROM^b npoHcmeoTBiji 14 AdKa6p4i, 

h60 fl MOFb OCTaHOBHTB OHOe, — H He TOJILKO TOFO HB HOAJ- 

MajfL o^iJiaTB, a, HanpoTHBi, en^e npecrynHOK) pobhootlio CBoeD 
ojiysHJii nJiE ApyrHxi, ooo6eHHO ]s,jlk cBoeft OTpacjiH, oamiit'L ra- 
6ejihnuwh npHiitpom. Cjiobomi, ecjiH Hysna xasHL ^jih 6jiara 
PocoiH, TO H o^HHi ee BacjiyasHBaK), h ffaBHO xojho CosffaTejifl, 
?To6u Boe BOHqfijioGB Ha HHi H B(A Apyrie ^to6£i Seijeh BOSBpa- 
H^eHEi Hxi ceiieftoTBaH'E, oie^ecxBy h Ao6poMy rocyAapn Ero Bejrn- 
soAymieMi h HHJiocepAieKi^. 8x0 ohi roBopHJi'L 24 anpftjui 
1826 r., BorAa ojitACTBie no ero ffiiy npHxoAHJio si xoni^y h sor^a 
eHy caMOMy nyaiSHO 6ujio npoHSHecTH oEOH^axejiBHyH) caMooi^tHRy 
ero co6cTBeHHofi pojiH. Rasie 6£i mbi hh noAucsHBajH mothbu laKofl 
roTOBHOCTH B8HTB Bce Ha ce6H, — ^sejiaHie jih cnacTH ^pyrnxi HjiHy 
KaKi AyMaiOTi, noTpe6HOCTB HcsyoHTB CBon BHHy nepeA'B TiHB, 
ROTopue Hsi-sa Hero nocrpaAajiH, — ho, bo BcuROifE cjiyqai, oi ho- 
HOHTa CBoero 8aRjiK)^eHiH bi RptnooTB, bi PujiteBt He ocxajiOGB 
H TiHH ^peBOJinnioHHaro'' jny^A) o ROTopoifB xaRx ^acio roBopnjiH 
ero noBAHiflmie cyABH. BposAennufi eny ceHTHMeHiajiHBH'B bshji'b 

BepXl Ha^l BCiMH APyi^lIH AynieBHJUMH CRJOHHOOTHMH. 

dlOTl CeHTHMeHiaJIHBM'B Bl OOOSOHHOCTH BaM^TeH'B Vh HHCBMaXl, 

ROTopuH FujifteB'B HHcaJn seni hbi RptnociH. PujiteBi 6ectAyeT'B 
ci seHofl RaR^B 6£i 6081 cBHA^TeJiefi (a nncBMa aiH mjiH, ROHe^Ho, re- 
peal ?ysiH pyRH), BHHRafl BI paSHUfl XOSAScXBenHHA MeJTO^H *), AOBt- 
PHX efi CBOH O^eHB HHTHMHUfl HJUCJIH, — ^MUOJBLH, IipeHMyH^eCTBeHHO HO- 

RasHHUJi H pejiHrioBHUH, H o6oApHH ee BHAaiiH Ha Sjiaronojiy^HMS 

HCXOAl fl,ij[9L. JlK)6onBITHO, ?T0 BO BOiX^B BTHXl HHCBBfaXl HOJIBBfl 00- 
BCiMl yjlOBHTB HH OAHOfl ^aJIBmHBOfi, paBC^HTaHHOft Ha HBBiCTHOe BDe- 

qaTJitnie ^pasu. Bce o^bhb npocTo h Heo6uqafiHO cepAe^HO h BCRpeHHO. 

IIpHXOAHTCfl npHBHaXB, ?X0 PsiJlfteBl, A^fiCXBHXeJIBHO^ CB Heo6H?aftHofi 
AOBftp^HBOCTBK) OXHOOHJTCfl RX XiMl JHOAflMl HJIH, BtpH^e, R'B XOMy 

jiHi^y, 0T% Roxoparo BaBHciJia ero y^aoxB. Bnpoqeiii, BMnepaxop'B 
caifB no8a6oxHJicx o xomi, ^xo6h yRptnnxB bi. Puji'66B'b axo AOBtpie; 

PiUlieB'B He HCHBIXUBaJTB, Hanp., HHRaRHXl ^peSBBiqaflHUX'B CXtCHe- 

Hifl Bi CBoeMi BaRJODCEeniH, eoiH He CHHxaxB cJiHrnROMi piA^HX'B 
CBHAaHifl ci seHofl; a rjiaBHoe ii[apB o6jierqHji'B eny cpaay ero 8a- 



*) <t>HHaHC0BU5i K^Jia ero oneHb 3a6oTH;iH, laKi* Kain> ohh 6W/1H Kpaflne 
sanyiaHbi. AoJiroBi> 6bijio iiHoro h HMtni Hy)KHo 6faiJio npOAasarb cn-feuiHo. 



70 PyCCBOB BOrATCTBO. 

6oTy MaiepiaJiLHOMi nojioseHiH ero ceMLH. Ha ffpyrofl a^hk 
apecTOBaHiii PujiteBa, HMnepaxopi npHsasan kh. A. FojiHquHy HABe- 
CTH cnpaeRj o noJioseHiH ero ceMeflcTBa. Tojihiiuh^l DHoaji rocy- 
^apio, ^TO Ha BonpocL, He HHteTi jih sena PujiteBa b% HeMi hh- 
6yAB HysAU, ona oTBtqajia, mo y He^ ocxajiocL esofi 1000 py6. h 
«OHa HH 9eMi He 3a6oTHTCii, HMtfl o^HO ncejtaHie yBHj^TkCA cl 
Mysemi''. 3to sejiaBie 611IJ10 yAOBjreTBopeHO ne cpasy, ho 19 jifi- 
sa6pfl 1825 r. uapB npncjiajii sceni PujiteBa bi noAapoKi 2000 py6. k 
saTtM^L 22 jii;esa6pH bi jifiEh hmbhhhi Ao^epH ona nojiy^raja oti hm- 
nepaTpBUH AjieBcaHjipBi SeoflopoBBH — 1000 py6. *). O^eHB TaRTH^HO 
H HCKpeHHe, Ces'L jibiohhx'b aiOBi, nHcajii PuJiteBi seni^, Korj^a 
ydHajii od'L aiOMi ooAapst. ^MnjiocepAie rocyAapn h nociynoKs 
ero CL To6ofl hotpbcjih aj^J moid. Tu npocHmL, qTo6ii a nacTa- 
BBJii Te6fl, RBKi 6jiaroAapHTB ero. Mojihcl, MOfi Apyn, ]i,h 6yAerB 
OHi HMtTB wh CBOHxi npH6jiHseBHux'E ffpysefi Hamero jiK)6e8Haro 
oxeiecTBa h Aa oc^acTJiHBHT'B obi Poccin cbohmi i^apcTBOBaHieHi, 
MOJIHCL Bory sa HMnepaxopcKifl aomi. S. mope safijiysKAaxbCH, Mory 
H BnpeAB, ho 6uxb He6jiaroAapHLiMi ne Mory. Mhjiogxh, oKasanHiix 
HaMi rocyAapem h HMaepaxpHii^eH), rjyfioRO nptsajiHCL bi cepAi^^ 
Hoe. ^xo 6u CO MHofi HH 611IJ10, 6yAy shxb h yMpy ji,jia. bbxi^ **). 
EojiLmofi noAA^pacRofi fit xK)pLii'& 6£ijio ji,Jisi PujiteBa ero pejra- 
riosHoe ^yBcxBO, Roxopoe oxBaxHJio ero Heo6uHafiHo 6ucxpo h chjibho 
ho^xh ci» nepsaro nee ab^ ero saRJiioqeHUi. Oco6eHHO pejiHriodeH'b 
PHJiieBi He 6biji'l ***), h axoxi^ noA'^eMi peJiHriodnaro nacxpoe- 

Hifl AOJISHO^ ROHe^HO, upHHHcaxB o6cxaHOBRt. On]H6oqHo 6UJI0 6£I 
BHA%XB vh axofi pejiHriosHOCXH cxpaxi nepoAi cyAE>6o&, xaR'B RaRi 
PujiteBy AO hocji'Iahhx'b ahoS ero y^acxB pHCOBajiacB ne bi o^ohb 
Mpa^Huxi RpacRaxi; nejiLBH xaRse npHHHcaxB axy pejinrioBHOcxB 
RaRHM'B-j[H6o pasc^exaMi, xaRi RaRi ona sa Bce npoAOXsenie xx>- 
peMHofi SH8HH PujiteBa He sacxaBHJia ero HaancaxB hh oahoS 
^ajibmHBofi^ HencRpeHHeft, hjih mafijiOHHofi ^pasu. 

FejiHriH 6HJia eAHHcxBeHHUM'B hcxoaomi, r-b ROxopoMy AOJisna 
6iiJia npHAXH axa cenxHMeHxajiLHaH naxypa, RorAa bchrIS caoco6t 
H npoAJion Ri npoHBjieHiK) anepriH 6uji'fc y nen oxhhxi, h RorAa 
ona, HcxoHJieHHaH, cana na ce6t cocpeAOxo^HjiacB. IIo^xh cb nep* 
Buxi se AHefi CBoero BaRjuo^eniH^ PujteB'B no^yBCXBOBaji'B no- 

*) HtcKOJibKo cjiOB-b B-b naMHTb HHKOJiaH naB;ioBHtia. .PyccKaa CrapHHa*, 
1896, VI, 461. 

*.*) Maaaeei, 164, 165. CymecTBOBa;io MH^Hie, 4To sth no^apKH 6bi;iH He 

BnOJIH'k 6e3KOpbICTHbi; HTO OHH 6bIJIH paSCHHTaHbl Ha TO, HT06bl CA'^JiaTb Pbl- 

Atesa 6oji'he orKpoBeHHUM-b. Ho oKh h 6e3'b hmxi* 6bi;i'b OTKpoBeneH'b, a r;iaB- 
Hoe, 3TH noAapKH He hschkjih h noc;it CMepTH PbuiteBa. C-b 1826 no 1831 roAi> 
BAOBa PuAteBa no;iy<ia;ia enceroAHO 3000 py6jiei\, a Kor^a OHa BbiuiJia sauyiK'b 
sa OTCxaBHoro nopy*iHKa KyKOJieBCKaro, to 3th >Ke 3000 py6. oTAaBajiHCb eft 0,0 
coBepuieHHO/itTlfl esi AonepH, KOTopofl npn BuxoAt 3aMy)Ki» 6bi;io TaKHce OKa- 
aano noco6ie. .PyccKaa CxapHHa", 1896, VI, 461—2. • 

***) Ha 9T0, no KpallHefl Mtp-fe, ntrb yKaaanifl Bb ero CTHxax-b h nHCbMax'^ 



UTEPATyPHAH A^flTBJILHOCTL ABKABPHOTOBl. 71 

Tpe6H0CTL Vh MHpHOMl HaOTpOeHlH H npOCHJH SeHy BMtCTft CI 

lis) TOMEMH HCTopiH RapaM8HHa npHCJEaTBeny RHHry „0 noApasa- 
HiH XpHcxy^, nepeBOAii M. M. CnepaHCKaro. Obi yrjiySHJica bi aiy 
SHHry, H OHa cxajia ^aHxaTb ero*; „wh ^acH cKop6H ona Hayqaeii 
BHflTHte H Bucosiir HCTHHU efl TOTjifik AOCTyoHte* — nnmeT'E ohi, e 
nHCBMa ero Majio-no-Majiy nepenojiBflioTOA pejiflrio8HUMH padMumjie- 
fli^MH. PHJiteFL MOJiHTCff, BLinHGUBaeT'E ee6^ Bl TDpbMy o6pa3'E, 
KOTopHMi ero 6jiarocj[OBHJia MaxB Ha cifepxHOM^b o^pi, safioxaxcji 
o&h o6pa8ax'B) Roxopue hmi o6tii^aH£i bi ;D;epeBeHCRyK) r^epROBL, 
npio6iiiaexGff, zo^exi sepxBOBaxB ffeHBrH bi. i^epROBB ci xtHi, 
?xo6£i cBHii^eHHHR'B esepo^HO ojiyjBHJi'L naHEXH^u y rpo6a ero 

HaXepH... OH^b B'B nOJIHoB BJiaCXH BCeBOSUOSEHBIX'B peJIHriOBHUXl 

omyn^eHifi. Hnor^a axo nacxpoeHie BBijiHBaexcE bi $opMi i^t- 
jiaro 6orocj[OBGRaro paacyxcAeHiH a ohi nninerB seHi: „0 mh- 
xafl inymofl no^pyral MHjraft ffpyrB, xBofi ffyxi cRopfiext h 
KHi CRop6Hte cxaJio. A... *) ho Hameji'L Aym^ oxpa^y. Mli ^y- 
mofi cxpeMHMCE APyi^ ^'^ AP7^7> ^^ o6oJioqRa pasAtjEexi. Mu 
cxpeMHJiHCB Ri HpaBcxBOHHOMy, ^^yxoBHOMy Mipy, o6ojioqRa yBJieRja 
Haci sa C060K). Exo ace ^^yxi oxi xtjia pasptrnHxi? Xpncxooi. 

Bl HeMl EaHHOMI fieCL Ay^OBHUft Ifipi, eAHHuS, HCXHHHUfi H Biq- 

HuB. Ho r^t se Ohi? B:b rpyAH XBoeS. HexjitHHofi njioxiio CBoefi, 
OKI npio6mHJii xe6fl[ J^yxoBHo8, 6e3npefl;ijibHoS cymHOCin cBoefl — 
xipy AyxoBHOMy; HexjitHHoi RpoBiK) CBoefi, obi npio6ii;HJi'B xe6E 
B^^Hofl J1106BH, X. e. SE8HH TBopi^a. B:b nefi e^HHoi HcxHHa, cno- 
RoficxBie H 6jiaro. Oea Bce npon^aexi, npHMHpnex'B h ri jy^meMy 
ROHi^y npsBO^Hx^b, Bceny y^ex'b h Bce HcnpaBJiflerb. Bi XpHcxi 
OHa HBHjiacL Mipy; bt« Hem e^HHOMi xu naflAemk ee. nojiio6H 
ee, Mofi MHJug APy^"^* Bi rjty6oROMX yeAHHedH cepAi^a, h ona 

HeHSlECHHliO Xe6fl yxtmHXl... Th JIS)6oBBH) COeAHHHJICE CB MBpOU'B 
$H3H?eCRHM'E, BpeMeHHHM'E; XpHCXOM'B XH AOJISeHl COeAHHHXLOE 

01 HipoHX AT^OBH&iM'B, B^^^HUMi, H coeAHHHBi B'B cofit ABa liipa, 
Bcefi AjnioK) hoa^hhhxb ce6H jiiD6oBiK) Bi^nocxH. Boxi, mhjlbiB 
Apyra, npeAHaBHa^eHie Hame. Mu aojixhh jiiooobbk) doa^hhexb 
XpHcxy ^a3H?ecRifi Mi pi e B'B Hem, RaRi bi Ay^OBHOMi Hipi, 
noA^HEEXB ce6E Bi^Hofl jiK)6Bfl: Eory paAE Bora^ no jik)6be 
XpEcxa. **). 

Bo BCtX-B nECLMaXl. SByqEXl OAHH-B npHSHBl — RI nOEOpHOCXE 

BOJiH Boacieft, oaho xieJiaBie — caMOMy b OAHOMy bchexb cbod qamy. 
„a HHiny xe6t xo, roBopBxi ohi asent, qxo mh* BHymaioxi qyn- 
cxBa, E XH HERorAa He AY^aft, qxofiH a corjiacEJica e AonycxBJi'B 
Te6E pasA^flXL co mboh) ynacxt moh). Th ho AOJacHa safiHBaxB, qxo 
Tu — MaxB. BnpoqeMi, Mofi Apyn, HaAtSca Ha 6jiarocxB Boaciio e mh- 
ocepAie rocyAap a. KaKi he botero npeciynJieBie Moe, ho no ci» 



*) He pa3o6paHO. 
**) Maaaem,, 178. 



72 PyOOBOl BOriTOTBO. 

nopy o6paii^aiOToii oo mhok) He keei oi npecTynHHBom, a Easi 0% 
HeoHacTHuifL, H noTOxy He npeAaBaflon oiqajiHii). 7 Bora Boe bob- 
MOSHO, H BcOy ^0 HH TBopHTB Ohi, Bce TBopHTb Bi jiyqmeMj. Mo- 
jiHCB eMy BMtcrt ci MajiiOTBOi) Hamei) h, qroSu hh nooTHrjio xeHx, 

npHMH BCe Cl TBep^OOTLK) H HOKOpHOOTLD ErO OBBTOfl BOJli^. 

Xon HBAesflia, bbki bhahhi, h ho noBHAajia PiuioBa, ho aa- 

CTBBHTb erO JIH)6HTb SH3HB OHB 6UJia MBHyiaiUI 6e80HXbHa. H Bl 

8TH rpycTHfiie qaou ohi OBusajioa 01 mucjl&i) oxepTH. 3xo 6uia ho 
OTpamHafl, ho TpeBoisHaH, a oqeHB yxHpoTBopeHHaH pejuriosHaji 

MUCJIB, ZOTfl HCTO^HEKl Ofl H BOpeHHJIOa HO CTOJIbRO Bl XI)6bH Bl 

He6ecH0Hy, crojibko bi ycTaJiocTH oti sbbhh BOMHofl. Bra toobb 
no HHofl SH8HH H npo^HKTOBajia PujAoBy ABB nocjiiAHHXi ero 
CTHXOTBopeHiB. ^IlepeAx OBHaMH ero paBeiHHa, — pascKa^HRaen 6ap. 
PoaeH'B^ — Bi SjiHSKOifL pascTOflHlH OTE HBxi OTOBJia BucoKaA sa- 
MeHEBH cTiHa, a BHyxpH paBejiEHBi r^i ho 6hUL0 hh o^Boro obhb 

Bl S^aHiH, CTOEJIO H^OBOJILBO AOpeBLBBl KJieHOBUXl Bl TiOHOMl 

Tpeyroj[LHO]['& npocTpaHCTBi, sy^a Esptj^ica noo^epejuH hphboahjih 
saEJinqeHHBizi noo^^EEoqsi, nTo6hi noAumaTB cBisEMi B03;^yzom. 
TjTh FujiieBi copBajii sjiesoBue jiEcibfl e aa EeEMiEieMi 6yMarH 
BanEcajn eb sexb cTExoTBopesie: 

MH'b TOIUHO 3A^Cb, KHKl* Ha 4y)K6HH%! 

KorAa H c6poiuy }KH3Hb moio? 

Kto AHCTb Kpbijit MHt ro;iy6Hflt, 

J3a nojieqy h noqiio? 

Becb Mip-b, KaKit CMpaAHan MorHJia! 

Ayiua Hsi) rhjia. peeTCsi BOH-b: 

Teopeui}! Tbi mh^ npH6'kxcHme h cHJia 

BoHMH Moti Bon;ib, yc;ibiuib Moft CTOH-b; 

ripHHHKHH Ha Moe MO^ieHbe, 
BOHMH CMHpeHilO AyiuH, 

rioiiiJiH ApysjbflM'b MOHAfb cnaceHbe, 
A MHt Aapyfl rptxoB-b npomenbe 
M Ayx"b orb rfejia paaptmn. 

GTHxoTBopeHie 6bijio nepeAaHO ero TOBapsii^y no aaKjuo^eHiH) be. 
06ojieHCKOHy, KOTopufi fle BaMe^JiEJi'E oTBtxETb PujiteBy oecbxomi, 

Bl KOTOpOlCb TBKSe E8JIEJII CBOE pOJIEriOBBHE qyBCTBB. „JlH)6e8Hld 

Apyra, — EEcajii OMy Bi OTBtxi PujiieBB, — EaKofi 6e8i^*BBMft ^api 
npECjraji'E tei HHtl Cefi ^ap'B qpesi Te6E, kbeb qpe?T> ^jinasaflmaro Moero 
ji^^jTA, npECjiaji'L MRi cam CnacETejiB^ KOToparo a&bbo yse AJBia mob 
EcnoBt/^yexi. S. Euy B^epa mojiejice 00 cjesaiiE. 0, saKafl 8T0 fiujia 

MOJETBa, KasiE 8T0 6hlRE CJie3BI E 6jiaroAapHOCTH, E o6iroB'Ly E 

ooKpymeEiE, e sejraEifi — 8a Te6E, sa moex'l ^pysefl, sa hoexi Bpa- 
roBB, sa rocy^apE, sa mok) ;^o6pyH) »eHy, sa moio 6tji,EjJo mb- 
jiioTEy; cjioBOMi, sa bogb Hipx. JI^aBHO xe tbi, xio6e3HBifi ffpyra, 

TBKl MUCJIEniB, CEBSE MH^: ^ySOe XE 8T0 EXE TBOe? ElSeXB dTO 
piKa 2EE8HE EdXEIBCB E8'B TBOeft ^^ynifl, TO ^an^O BK) SEBOTBOpE 

TBoero APyra. ^yasoe xe oeo exe TBoe, bo oeo yae Moe, tbtb 



JEHTEPAiyPHAA Jl.'ASiTEShnOOTh A^BABPHOTOBl. 73 

lu^si H TBoe, ecjm h ^jsoe. Bchomsh 6po3BeHie yifa noero okojio 
^i^oficTBeHHOCTH ]ijx9k H Ben^ecTBa'' . 

Ha Ttxi se EieHOBuxi JHCTax'b HanHcajii PfiuieBi 06ojieH- 
^KOMj BTopoe noojiaHie, KaKi 6u tloxoesa ciHxaMH OBoe TyxaHHOo 
hholko: 

O, MMilblft Apyn>, KaKl) BHflTeHl> rOJIOCb TBOft, 

KaKi* yrkuiHTe;ieHi> h cepAuy ciiaAOKi*: 
OhI) BoaBpaTHJiik Ayiut Moef! noKofl 

H MblCJIH CMyTHblH HpHBCA-b BTi HOpflfl.OK'h. 

Tbi npaBi>: XpHCTocb — cnacHTe;ib naiu-b oahhi*, 

H nHpi, H HCTHHa, H 6;iaro Hauie. 

BjiaTKem*, bi> komi* Ayxi* hbljii* n;iOTbK> BAacTeAHHi*, 

Kto TBepAO uiecTByerb kt* XpHCTOBott naiiit. 

npHMofl MyApeu-b, OHT» }Kpe6iit CBofl Boanecb, 

Ohi> npeAnoneJii* He6ecHoe aeMHOMy, 

H K2LKT» IleTpa BCAerb ero XpHCTOcb 

rio TpeBO/IHeHiK) MipCKOMy. 

Han ixhjiH Mbi BbicoKofl co3AaHbi: 

CnaCHTCAK), Cefl MCTHHt BepXOBHOfl, 
Mbl nOAMHHHTb OTb BCefl AyUIH AOAHCHfal 

H Mipi) BemecTBeHHbift. h Mipi* AyxoBifbifl. 
Rjin CMepTHaro yncaceHi* noABHr'b cejt, 
Ho OHi) Ki> 6e3CMepTiK) cTe3fl npsiMasi, 
H 6AaroBtcTByfl, Mofl Apyrb, pCHerb o Heft 

CaMa HaNfb HciHHa CBflTan: 
,H n/ioTb, H KpoBb HperpaAbi BaMi) nocTacHTb, 

,6aci» 6yAyrb rnaTb h npcAaBaib, 

.OcM'bHBaTb H AepaOCTHO 6e3CAaBHTb, 

^TopMcecTBCHHO BacT* 6yAyT'b y6HBaTb; 

,Ho TiueTHbifl cTpaxTj He AO^DKen-b Baci TpesoMCHTb; 

^M CTpaillHbl ;ib rfe, kto BJiaCICH-b MCHSHb OTHJITb, 
.Ho STHMl* 3Aa BaMl) npHHHHHTb He CMOHCeTb? 

^CsacwHB-b, Koro Oreu-b Mofl H36epeT'b, 
.Kto hcthhu sA'bcb 6yji.Qrb nponoB'bAHHK'b: 
^ToMy BtneuTj, Toro 6Aa>KeHCTB0 )KAerb, 
»Torb uapCTBia He6ecHaro HacA'feAHHK'b". 

KaKT, paAOCTHO, Apyn> AK)6e3Hblfl MOfl, 

BHHMaio fl CTO;ib CAaAKOMy rAaroAy, 
H, KaKT» opeAi*, Ha He6o psycb Aymoft, 

Ho nAOTbio yBACKaiocb AOAy. 

flymoK) HHCTT) H cepAueM-b npaB-b, 

nepeAT> KOHqHHOK), nOABH^HHK-b nOCTOHHHblft, 

KaKT. MoHcefl Cb ropw HaBaB-b, 

ySHAHTb Kpafl 06'kT0BaHHbllt *), 

droTh oStTOsaHflufl Epafi PHjitesy npHinjioob yBH^aTL o^ens 
OKopo. 



*) B-b TiopbMt KpoMt STHXT. CTHXOTBopeHifl PbiAtcBT. ApyrHXT* HC nHca;rb. 

H Tb, KOTOpblfl XOAHAH HOTOM-b HO pyKaMT*, KaKT. 6bl HanHCaHHblfl HMT> BT» Kpt- 

nocTH— CMy' He npHHaAAe)KaTT> (cp. 4- Kponomm, .HtcKOAbKO CBtA'feHifl o Pw- 
/rfecB*", 244). 



74 PyOCEOE EorATCTBO. 



ly. 

Bi Mai 1826 roi(a ojitftOTBie no ji,tJLj 14 Aeicafipx 6ujio saKOH- 
leHO E BOMMHCoiH, flsSpauHafl ffjifl oGHOBaHifi paaps^OBi, Ha boto- 
pue, no CTeneHH hxi bhhobhocth, ^ojishu 6ujib 6utb pas/^ijieHii 
ocyisAeHHBie, npe^CTaBHJia bi iioni Micai^i cboS ^okjiiu^i BepxoB- 
HOMy yrojiOBHOJiy cyAy. 

„CEOJIb HH THSRH BHHU — rOBOpHJOCB Vh 8T01II ffOKJiaAi — Bl'nep- 

BOMi paspHAt oana^eHHiiff, ho eoTb b% ^HCJit noAoyAHMUxi ni^a, 
BOTopufl no oco6eHHOMy > CBoflcTBy fnxi npeoxyajieHifi ne Moryra 
h;d(th Bi cpaBHenie ^ase h cl itiiH, son npaHaAJiejEcaTi ki oevy 
pflspfliy. npeBocxoj^H Apyrnxi bo Bcixi sjibixi yMucJiaxi, CMofi 
npHMipa^ HeyKpoTHMOCTLK) 8J10611I, cBHpinuMi ynopcTBOMii H, naRo- 

nei^l, XJiajl^HOKpOBHOK) rOTOBHOCtBX) Kl EpOBOnpOJHTilO, OHH CTOflTl 

BHi BCflKaro cpaBHenifl. RoMMHCcm npHsnajia cnpaBeffJiHBBiM'B, OT^i- 

JIEBl HXl^ COCXaBHTL HMl, Cl HSJIOSeHleii'L HXl BJIOAiAHijI, 0C06eH- 
HUft CnHCOKl". 

K'B qncjiy BTEXi Jinm 6uj['b npH^HCJieHi h PujiieBi. Bhhob- 
HOCT& ero onpeA^JiEjiacB cji^j^jjomjaiiy o6pa80Mi *): ^OTCTaBHofi noA- 
nopy^HK'B KoHApaTiS PuJiieBi 32 jiirb. Uo co6cTBeHHOHy npn- 
BHaHiio: 

1. no nepBOMy nynsTy (i^apey6ifiGTBa). YMBimjiAji'L na qape- 
y6ificTBo; Hasna^aji'b ki coBepmeHiio osaro jni^a; yMumjiEJi'L na 
jiHrnenie cbo6oau, na HsrHanie h na HCTpe6j[eHie HMnepaTopcBoS 
^aMHjiiH, H npiyroTOBjfljii si Tony cpeAC'iBa. 

2. IIo BTopoMy nyHRiy (6yHrL). ycHJiHJi'E ji,^TejLhJio(iT!b cfeep- 
Haro o6n^ecTBa: ynpaBjiEJii ohumi, npiyroTOBjmjii cnoco6u ki 
6yHTy, GOciaBjiflji'L njianu, sacTaBJUiJii coqnHflTB MaHB^ecTi pas- 
pymeHiH npaBHTOJiBCTBa; caMi co^hhhjiti h pacnpocTpaHflJn BOSMy- 

THTeJIBHUfl ntCHH H CTHXH H npHHHMaJl'B ^JIOHOBl. 

3. no MflTejsy (BOHHCKOMy). UpiyroTOBJiflji'L rjiaBHua cpe^CTBa si 
HflTesy H naqajiLCTBOBajii b% ohuxi; B086ysAaji'L si MflTeasy ehs- 

HEXB ^HHOBl ^peSl EXl Ha^ajIBEHEOBl nOCpeAOTBOlfL paBEUX'E 

o6ojiBn^eHiS, e bo BpeME METexa cam npExo^HJH sa njion^affB. 

HpuMTbHanie. BocnpoiEBEJicfl cA^JiaHHOMy sa coBin^aHiE y 

Eero 'npeAJiOHceHuo: paafiEXB nBTeflEHe ffOMa, ffonycTETB rpa- 

6esB E npEBJie^B ?epBB bo jUBopei^'B. 

BepxoBSHfl cyffi npnroBopEJi'B PujiieBa BMicxi c% KaxoBCSEMi, 

UecTejieMi, C. H. MypaBBeBHMB e BecTyseBUMi-P£)MEBK[E'B e'b 

^eTBepiOBaslK), soxopoe noxoMi 6uj[o saMiHeso EassBio repeal 

noBimesie. 

PHjiieBi, ecjiE BipEXB OAEOMy CBEfftxejiK), Be ofiBapyaBjn eh 



') €/loHeceHie KOMMHCciH paspjiflOB'b* cip. 11 — 12. 



JIHTEPATyPHAfl Jl^'ASLTJULhROOTh ABKABPHOTOBl. . 75 

xaJiMmaro npH3HaKa CMyn^eHls na OBoeiii jimii, npH BucjiyniaHiH 
npHroBopa *). Xotb owl h Haj^tiijicfl na OTHocHxejiBHO 6jiaroiiojiy^- 
hmS HcxoAi A'^JiA H ffoiiro ne TepHji-b Hajii;ex2(Bi, ho, Bipo^THO, eo 
AHK) pliineHifir ycntjii noMHpHTLCH ci yjcacHoS mucjilio *^). Bcb^ 
KTO ero BHfftjii Bi 8TH noGJiiAHie JHHH^ OTBfi^ajH ero nosop- 
Hoe [npHMEpenie ci cyAi>6oio. OTeqi MucjioBCRifi, ROTopuS ?a- 
OTO noctmiaji'B ero bi TiopBiit, roBopHJn, ^to npHseaji'L bi Hem 
HGTHHHaro zpHGTiaHHHa^ roTOBaro nojossHTb Aymy gboh) sa xpyrH 
OBOff ***). BoacL noKOjre6aTL btoti ffynieBHHfl MHp%, ctojil o6jier- 
HaBmifl eMy noojitAHie ^acu eTpamnaro HGnuiaHiH, PnjiteBi OTsa«> 
saieii OX'S noGJiliAHflro GBHj^aniA ch senofi, m,B^fi e ee, h Ge6ji, 
nepeAi GaMoi sasHBio ohi HanHcai'B efi hegbmo, — cBoe npon^ajib- 

Hoe 6jiarocj[OBeHie h noGJit;D(Hee npHSHaHie. 

13 jiojifl, 1826. 
Borx H roGy^apL ptmHJiH y^aciB moio: h ^oJisefli ynepexB h 
yMepeTB GMepxiH) noBopnoK). Jl^a 6jji,e7'h Ero oBfiTaa bojui! Mofi mh- 
jiufi Apyrib, npe;i;aflGJi h th boji^ BGeMoryn^aro, h Ohi yrbinHTi 
Te6j{. 3a ^yiny mok) mojihgb Bory. Oaii ycjiiiinHTi tboh mojihtbbi. 
He ponmH hh na Hero, hh Ha roGyAapa: aio 6yAeT'B h 6e3pa3cyAH0y 
H rptmHo. HaifB jih nocTHrnyTB HeHGaoBtjuHMue cyAU HeaocTH2EH« 
Maro? R HH pasy He Bosponxajn bo BGe BpeMH Moero saRJiioHeHiH, 
H sa TO JIyxt> CbatoS a^^bho yTimaj'B lieHff. Hoahbhgb, moS Apyra, 
H b'b gIk) GaMyio MHHyxy, RorAa h saHHXi xojilro xo6ok) h Hameio 
MajiioxEOio, H HaxosyGB B'B xaKoifB yxtmnxejiBHOM'B enoRofiGTBiH, 
^10 He Mory BupasHTB Te6t. 0, MHJiuft Apyn, RaR'B cnaGHxejEBHO 
611XB xpaGxianHHOMi. BjiaroAapio Moero GosAaxejiH, mo obi iieHJi 
npoGBixHJi'B H ^TO H yMHpaK) BO XpHGxt. 9x0 A^BHoe enoRoficxBie 
nopyROH), ^xo TBopeAl He OGxannxi he xe6ji, hh nameS iiajmiRH. 
PaAH Bora, He npeAafiafiGH oxqaflniK): Emji yxtmeniH bi pejiHrin. 
S. npocHjii Hamero CBHn^eHHHRa nootn^axB xe6H. Cjymafi cob^xobi 
ero H nopyqn eny MOJinxBOH o Aym* Moeft. OiAaft eMy oAHy nai 
80JDE0XIIXI xa6aRepoR'L bi dHaRii npHsnaxeJiBHOGXH MoeS, hjih jiy^me 
CRaaaxB na naifHTL, noxoMy 7xo sosSjiaroAapHXb ero Moxers xojibro 
OAHH'L Bon sa xo SjiaroA'^HHie, Roxopoe ohi oRasaj'B iint cbohmh 
6eG'6AaMH. Th ho OGxaBaficH sa^gl aojiio, a GxapaficH roh^hxb GEopte 
AftJia gboh h oxnpaBBGA r'b no^xeHHtflmefi MaxymRt. HpoGH ee, mo6hL 
OHa npoGXHJia Menn, panno BGixi* poAHiixi gbohx'e npocH o xoifB me. 
SL xoTiJii 6ujio npoGHXB GBHAaniH gi xo6o£), ho pasAyMaJn, hxo6'b 
He pasGxpOHXB Ge6H. Mojik) sa xe6fl h HacxHHBRy h sa 6iAHyK) 
cecxpy Bora, h 6yAy bgk) hohb mojihxbgh. Ci pasGHixom 6yAex'B 
y MeHfl GBH^eHHHRi, MoS Apy^i^ H djiaroAlxejEB^ h ohhxb npn^a- 



*) /iHeBHHK-b n. r. /iHBOBa. «PyccKaH CiapHHa* 1897, III, 485. 

*) EcTb HSB'bcTie, MTO xcena PbiJiteBa o6paTH;iacb ki* iiapio cb npouienieMi* 
noMHAOBaniH h no;iy<iH;ia OTBtrb «hhicto He 6yAeTi> o6H)KeH'b>. «3anHCKH/KH. 
Tpy6euKoro> JIefiniuin>, 1874, 68. Ho aio HSBtcrie ewa jih AOcroB-kpHO. 
***) ,/leKa6pHCTbi bt» paacKast noMoiuHHKa KBapTa/ibHaro^, 32 — 33. 



76 PyOOEOl BOrATOTBO. 

«Tm. HacTHHBKy 6jiarocjioBjifli> luicjieHHO HepysoTBopeHHUHi 
o6pa80Mi CaacHTejiJi h nopyqai) B(Ar& Baoi objitomj nospoBs- 
TOJiLCTBy ^HBaro Bora. Ilpomy Te6« 6oxie Bcero 8a6oTRTi»cji d 
BOcnHTaHiH eji. S. xenhAi, 6u, qTo6u OHa 6iua BOcnHTana nps 
Te(>ft. Crapaflcii nepejUTB bi nee gboh xpHoiiaHCKix vyBOTBa — k 
OHa 6yAerb c^aoTJiflBa, ne CMOTpii hh ea saRifl npeBpaxHocTH bi 
SH3HH, H Kor^a 6yAeTi hm^l nysa, to oc^aoTJiHBHrE h ero, sasi 

TUy XOft MHJIUfl, MOfl ;^06pBlfl H HeOI^HeHHBlfl ApyPL, OCHaCTJUEBBXa 

HeHx Bi npoftOJiseHie boolmh Jiftn. Mory xh, mo& ffpyn, Gjiaro- 
ji^apHTL Tete cjoBftMH: ohh He Horyn BupasHTL qyBCTBi hohxi. 
BoFb Te6H HarpaAHTL sa Bce. Ilpoiniafl! BeJiHTi o^BaxBCH. ^a 6y- I 

ji^en Ero CBHTan bojih. 

Tbo& HCTHHHufl ffpyrb K. PujiieBi. 
y HOHH ocrajEOCB 8j^ici> 530 p.; Mosexi 6bitl, oTAajiyn Te6i. 

TasaH 3Be nOKOpHOCTL 0JJS,h6i BH^Ha H BI TOM^L HHCBMi, KO- 

Topoe FujAeB% nocjiajn hjih Go6HpajiGfl nocjiaTB i^apio, sor^a ho- 
xoAi ffijia CTajii eny Bnojini Hceni. Ohi nncajn rocy^^apio: 

Okoao 21 iioH5i, 1826 r. 

Cbhtumi AapoMi CnacHTejiH Hipa h npHMBpnjiCH ci Tfiopi^ox'B 
MOHMi. ^tMi se B0d6j[arojii;apio h Ero aa axo 6jiaroji^flHie, Kan'B 
He OTpeqenieMi otl hohx'b 3a6jQ[ys;^eHifl h nojiHTH^ecKHX'E npaBHJi'b? 
TaRi, rocy^apiil OTpesaiocB ot% hhzi ^HCTOcepAe^HO h Topse- 
GTBeHHO, HO 'ito6h saae^aTjtTB EcspeHHOCTB cero OTpe^enis h 
coBepmeHHO ycnosoHiB coBtciL mok), ;D[ep3aK) npocHTb Te6H, rocy- 
ffapB, 6y;^B HEJiocep^'B si TOBapHn^aMi Moero npecTynjieHiH. H. bh- 
HOBHte Hxi Bctxi; H, CB cafliaro BCTynjieHin Hoero bi AyMy Ct- 
Bepnaro 06n^ecTBa, ynpeEajiB hx'b b% ne^ttHxejiBHOCTH; h npeoTyn- 

HOK) pOBHOGTiK) GBOeiD 6hJIB ^JIH HHXB GaMUMl rH6eJ[BHUM'B HpH- 

M^poMi; cjiOBOMi, H nory6HJiB hxi; qpesi mohh npojiHJiacB HeBEHHan 
spoBB. Ohh, no ;tpys6^ osoefi eo hh^ h no 6jiaropo;i^GTBy, ne gkb- 
syTi cero, ho co6cTBeHHaa cob^ctb Mena bb tomi yBipnexB. 
Ilponiy Te6H, rocyflapB, npocTH hxb: th npio6p*TemB bb bbx-b 
;(ocToflHiix'B ce6i Bi^pHonojg^aHHBixB h hcthhhbixb chhob^b OToqe- 
GTfia. Tbog BejiHKO^tymie h MBJiocep^ie o6HseTB hx'b b%hhoio 6j[aro- 
fl;apH0CTBH). KasHH MeHH ofl;Horo: h 6jiarocjiOBJK) ^ecHHi^y, mohh 
sapaion^yiOy h tboo MHJiocep^^ie h npej^B caMOio sasHBK) ne npe- 
GTany mojihtb BceBBimHfiro, ^a oxpe^enie Moe h nasHB naBCer^^a 
OTBpaTHTB lOHBixB corpaac;];aHB mohxb otb npecTynnuxB npe^apiH- 

Tifl npOTHBy BJiaCTH BepXOBHOfl. 

IIo;];j[HHHOOTB aToro nncBMa CToajia o^ho BpeMH no]i;B Bonpo- 
coMB *), HO ecjiH cpaBHHTB ero CB noKaaaniaMH PHJiteBa na cy^^ 

*) PoacH-b „3anHCKH", 143. 

JX, KponoTOBT, yTBepMCflaeTT> noJiomHiejibHo, hto oho 6bi;io HanHcano Ph- 

JI'beBblM'b H rOBOpHTT), HTO BT> CFO npHCyiCTBlH OHO 6binO BpyMCHO yKCH-fe Pfal- 

ji'beBa AHuoMi), saBtAbiBaBuiHM'b nepenncKof) ci> saKJiioqeHHbiMH. (^HtcKO/ibKO 
CBtAtHifl o Puji-fecB-b", 243). 



JLETBPATyPflAJI ff^HTlJIBHOOTB ABSABPHOTOBl . 77 

TO BBAHiDL, ^TO OHO vh cyn^HOOTH ecTB upocTOo noBTopeHie Boero, 
?T0 PujiteBi roBopHJi nepeA'B cyALBHB/B ^to nHcajii vh cBoem 
nepeoHi AOHeceHiB rooyj^apn. ^to ise Kaoaerca OTpeienifl otl 
,8a6jryvAdBiB h nojiHTB^ecKHxi npaeHn'', to bi btomi npHSHaHiH 
HtrE OTBaaa oxi H^eajos'L, BaKHMH SHjri ^esoBtsi, hjih otl 
noJiHTHqeGKHX'& y^enifi, Boxop&ixi ohi A^psajica TeopexH^ecsH. 
Cjiosa PujiieBa ji^ojitreo noHHMaTb, Kas'E ffo6poBOJiLHoe OTpe^eHie 
jiHinb oTi Toro cnoco6a npoBejueflifl Bxi bi snsHb, saBofi (Juji'L 

H86paH'B aiBMH rOp^^HMH rOJIOBaHH. 

Bo BCHKOMX Gjyqat, ^epHoaoe hhcbmo PujieBa b'b i^apio He 
HMtjio 8a co6ofl HHBaEHX'b HHBix'E no67SAeHifi, BpoMi HCEpeHHflro 
BupaseHiH oHJiBoft MUCJiB, npHMHpeHHofi CL Hec^acxieM'E. 



y. 

CnoKOfiHO H TBopAO Bsomejii PHJitoBi H Ha ama^OTX. .IIojio- 
sHxe MBi pyKy na cep^ae, — CKasajn ohb 6yAT0 6u cBHiueHHHEy — 
B nocxoTpBxe, CBopte jib obo 6bexcH'' '^). Ecjhlh oho b 6bjioob 
•BJiBH^e, xo bo BCBEOMi Gjiy^a^ HO OT'b Gxpaxy. 

nocjii^HBxi MHHyxaxi PHJiteBa GymeGXByexB mhopo pasGBa- 

SOBl. PaGXOAHGb Bl MOJIO^aXli, BGt 8XH HOEasaHifl eAHHOPJiaGHO PO- 
BOpBX'E GXOflKOGTH, Gl EaSOfi PuJltOBl BGXptXBJIl EOH^BHy **). 



*) Ma-b sanHcoK-b H. A. BeciyMceBa, JleflnuHn*, 42. 

**) TlpHSeAeM-b HtKOTOpblfl HST* STHX-b OOHCaHifl. 

.npHBCAeHie npHroBopoBT* bt* HcnoJiHeHie Ha o6iiiHpH0MT> nojit, npocTM- 
paBiiieMCH no3aAH fleTponaBJioBCKOtt Kp'fenocTH, HaaHaneHO 6bi;io Ha 13 iioAsi 
1826 roiia, na paacBtrt. npH stomt* ao^dkhu 6bi;iH npHcyTCTBOBaxh oipHAU h3t> 

BCfeXl* BOflCK-b TBapAlH. B-b rOpOJlt HHKTO, HJIH n04TH HHKTO, Ht 3Ha;iT> HH O 

BpeMeHH, HH Mtcrt 3K3eKyuiH. H ysna/n* o6'b sioM-b cjiywaftHO, h cb xoBapH- 
meM-b MOHMi> OTnpaBH;iCH Ha neTep6yprcKyK) ciogoHy. Mbi juouijih ao KOHixa 
TpoHUKaro Motia, Aa;ite cTpaHca nacb ne nycTH;ia, ho h orryAa Bce no;ie h bch 
o6cTaHOBKa, npn noMomn 6HH0icnefl, xopomo 6bi;iH bhahu. BoflcKa 6biJiH yxce na 
CBOHx-b M-fecTax-b; nocTopoHHHX-b 3pHTejiefl 6b!Jio oHCHb HeMHoro: He 6o;ite 150 — 
200 HenoB^Kb... 

BhiJVb y>Ke n«Tbifl qacb yipa, KorAa npHcrynHJiH kt* KasHH rjiaBHWx-b npe- 
ciyoHHKOB'b. Hx-b nociaBHmi na CKaineflKy bt* phat*, bt. pa3CToaHiH Apyrb orb 
Apyra na KaKie-HH6yAb noyi-b - apiiiHHa. Ha roJiOBy naAtjiH KOJinaKH, KOTopue 
MacyHyjiH na ;iHiia, 3aKpbiB'b HX-b cobc^mi*, nanHnafl cb men, h bo bck) A^HHy 
Hon* HaAtjiH 6'feAbie (t)apTyKH h c3aAH 3aBH3a;iH HX-b BBepxy h BHH3y rsLKit^ 
mo pyKH H HOPH 6bi;iH (fapiyKOM-b cne/ieHyxw. HaKOHCu-b, Ha;io>KHAH Ha men 
nexAH, KOTOpbiH Ao;i)KHbi 6biJiH 3aTflHyTbCfl H yAepJKaib Ka3HeHHux'b na B03Ayx'b^ 
KOFAa H3'b-noA'b Hx^b HOFb OTHHTa 6yAe'rb cKaMeflKa. Ho lyrb h nocA*AOBa;n> 
■3BtcTHbifl norpsicaiouiifl snnsoA'b. BepcBKH 6bi;iH hobu h xyrn; KorAa ottojik- 
HyjiH cKaMCftKy, to ro;iOBbi Asyx-b cpeAHHX-b bt* pjiAy ocyjKAeHHWX-b npocyny- 
jiHCb BHH3'b CKB03b He3aTHHyBmiHCH oeTflH, H OHH Tfl}Ke;io yna;iH na 3eM;iK). Ho- 
BHc;iH To;ibKO Tpoe. naACHie sto nponsBe^o noTpncaiomee BnenawtHie. Bet 

■pHrOTOBHinHCb BHA^Tb HflTb qCAOBtR-b, 3ac;iy)KHBIIIHX'b CMCpTHyiO Ka3Hb noBt- 

weHHbiMH, HO HHKTO He npeABHAtjii) cjiyqHBuiarocfl Taicb neo^HAanHO h npo- 
AOAMCHBmaro npeACMepTHyio aroHiio Asyx-b necqacTHwx'b. 3to 6biAH PbiJitea-b vt 



78 pyooRoi fioriTCTBO. 

Cyw no 8T0& oTofisocTH H B00(5ii(e no nacTpoeniio PujAeBa, 
KaEi OHO naMi OTKpuBaeTOA bi ero nocjitAHExi nHCBMaxi» xpyA- 



BecryxceB-b. FoBOpfirb, mto ynasiuH, Pu;iteBi> eocK/iHKHy/i'b: .Hani* bo Bcein» 
HeyAaqa*"! flpouiJio OKoao nerBepTH qaca, noKa hxi* CHOsa nocTaBHAH ua cxa- 
MeflKy, pacnpaBHJiH BepesKH, a Mexcjiy t^m-b noBHCiiiie ao Toro BeprtJiHCb Ha 
BepeBKax-b bi* npeACMepiBbixi KOHBy;ibciflX'b. CTpa)Ka OKpy>Kajia BHcfe/iHiiy, ho 
no npouiecTBiH nojiynaca, crajiH Bctxi* nycKaxb, h TOJina flio6onbiTHbix'b Haxnu- 
Hy;ia. Ka3HeHHbie BHcknH y)Ke uenoABHWHO. npoui;io eme noAwaca — uepTBe- 

UOBl) CH5IJ1H H OTHeCAIi Bb KptOOCTb. 

^BocnoMHHaHie 0. A. np)KeuAaBCKaro*. ,PyccKa5i CrapHHa* 1874. XII, 681—682. 
.Bcfe OHH 6biAH OHeHb noKOtlHbi, OTKaaaAHCb HMtTb nocAtAHic CBHAanie cb poA- 

HUMH (PblAteSb Cb }KeHOfl), HT06bl HC paSCTpOHTb HXl* H Ce6fl. fOBOpHAH He MHOFO 

Me)KAy co6oil h OKHAaAH nocAtAHflro Haca Cb TsepAOCTbio. Hxi) bubcah pano ao CB'^ry 
saKOBaBi) npe^KAe Bb >KeAt30. Buxoah Bb KoppnAOpi*, ohh o6H>iAHCb Apyri) cb 
ApyroKCb H noiUAH, conpoBOHCAaeMbie cBflmeHHHKONfb h 0Kpy}KeHHbie xapayAOM-b 
Kit TOMy Mtcry, ta^ mu bha'^ah CT0A6bi. Tyrb hxI) noMtcTHAH na BpeMsi Bb 
xaKOM-b-TO nopoxoBOMi) SAaHiH, TAt 6biAH y^Kt npHroTOBAcHbi mecTb rpo6oB'b. 
ripoToiepefl MucAoecKifl duA-b npH hmxi* ao nocAtAHefl MHHyrbi. Y abohxI) HS'b 
HHXb, Ka^Kercfl, IlecTeAH h KaxoBCKaro, odopsaAHCb BepeBKH, h ohh ynaAH )KHBbie. 
McnoAHHTeAH noTepiiAHCb h He snaAH, hto AtAaTb, ho no anaxy MepHbiuieBa 
HXb noAH5iAH, HcnpaBHAH BepcBKH H CHOBa He B3BeAH, a yme B3HecAH Ha aiua- 
4)orb. rioTOMb, KOFAa ystpHAHCb, mo Bcb naiepo yme ne cyiuecTByiorb, chsiah 

HX-b H OTHeCAH TyAa, TAt HaXOAHAHCb rpo6u, H, nOAOlKHBUIH B-b HUXl) T^a, 

ocrasHAH HX-b AO CAtAyiomeft hohh. IloTOM-b cBea/iH B-b hohhoc BpeMfl Ha 
ycTpoeHHoe aa5i ikhbothuxI) KAaA6Hme (naabiBaeMoe ToAOAa ). h raM-b ne- 
H3BtCTH0 FA'b saKonaAH. FoBopflTb, HTO 6yAT0 6bi npoToiepefl MwcAOBCKift xo- 
TfeAb 6biA0 BocnpoTHBHTbCfl BTopofl Ka3HH AByxT* ynaBiiiHXb, HO HTO MepHbiiueB'b 

HaCTOflA-b Ha dTOMl)*. 

,3anHCKH H. B. BacaprHHa* 55. MsAanle .PyccKaro ApxHsa*. 

,PyKH H HOrH 6bIAH CBHSaHbl TaKb, 4T0 pyKH 6bIAH OHyiUeHbl BAOAb TyAOBHiua^ 

a HoraMH ohh mofah A'^AaTb caMue Ma;ieHbKie TOAbKO uiarH. KanAajioBb ne 6biAO, 

TOAbKO peMHH. PCMHSIMH 6bIAH CBH3aHbI H pyKH, H HOFH. OhH npOTSIHyAH Apyrb 

Apyry pyKH h KptnKo noncaAH. HtKOTopue noutAOBaAHCb. PuAteB-b FAasaMH h 
roAOBofl noKaaaAi) Ha He6o... Ohh 6biAH coBepinenHo cnoKOJtHu, tomho 6yAT0 

UIAM He Ha CMCpTb, a BblXOAHAH BOTb B^b ApyryK) KOMHaiy SHKypHTb Tpy6Ky... 

HhoO, kto He sHaA'b.'^To Tyrb AtAaeTca (Ha M'fecTt Ka3HH), noAyMaAb 6bi, 
qTO Tyrb onenb BeceAO. Ha KpoHBepK'fe bo Bce BpeMH HrpaAa MysbiKa FlaBAOB- 
CKaro noAKa. Ohh nsiTepo cha^ah Bce BpeMH Ha TpaBt h thxo ueytmy co6ott 
paaroBBpHsaAH. KorAa n^iHiuAa hxi* oqepeAb, K-b hmmi* onflTb noAOuieAb Mbic- 

AOBCKi^, rOBOpHAb Cb HHMH, HanyTCTBOBaAb HXTi euie paS-b Kb OTXOAy H AaA'b 

npHAOMCHTbCJi KO KpecTy. Ohh, Ha KOAtHflxi), MOA»ia noMOAHAHCb Bory, cMOTpn na 

He6o. riOTOM-b Ha HHX-b HBAtAH MtlUKH, KOTOpblMH OHH 6blAH SaKpUTbl 0Tb TO- 

AOBbi AO noHca; na men hmi* na BepeBKaxi) naAtAH acnHAHbisi aockh, cb HMe- 

HaMH H BHHOfl HXb... OhH 6bIAH COBCpUieHHO CnOKOflHbl, HO TOAbKO OMCHb CepbCS- 
Hbl, TOHHO KaK-b 06AyMblBaAH KaK0e-HH6yAb Ba>KHOe A^JIO. MtUlKH HNfb OHeHb 

He noHpaBHAHCb, h PbiA-feeBT* cKasaAb, KorAa eMy ctbah HaAtnaTb MtuioK'b Ha ro- 
AOBy: .focnoAHl K-b qcMy sto!* IlaAaHH hmi* CTanyAM pyKH noKp-fenne, OAHH-b 
KOHeub peMH5i iiieA-b cnepeAH TtAa, Apyrofl caaAH, TaKi* hto ohh pyKi* hoahh- 
MaTb He mofah. Ha naAanef) ohh cmotp^ah cb HeroAOBaHieMb. Bhaho, hto HM'b 
6biA0 KpaflHe HenpiflTHO, KorAa ao rhxi* AOTparHsaAHCb naAann. Cxopohhah Hx-b 
na CMOAeHCKOMi) KAaA6Hmt sa HtMeuKHNCb h apMiiHCKHM'b, B-b KOHut nepeyAKa 
na B3Mopbf . 

.iIeKa6pHcrhi Bb pascKaat noMoiuHHKa KBapTaAbHaro* (6yAT0 6u o<ieBHAeab)» 
37, 38, 40—47. 



JIHTBPATyPHAfl A^HTBJIBHOOTB ^BKABPHOTOBl . 79 

HO npe^noJiosHTB, ^to6u bi nocj[i;^Hifl HHHyTu shshe ohi pi^ 
mHjicA 6pocHTb 8ano8AaJiBi& blisobi tomj nopflj^sj hjih xtMi jle- 
i^aifBy Bi 6opL6t CL soTopuMH OH!b norfl6i>. .PujiteBi ho csasajii 
HH GJioBa npH sasHfl'*, yiBepsj^aeTi flsyoiKflHi, h hosho npexDO- 
jiosHT&y qio A^o AificTBflTejUflO xaKi h npoHcxoAHJio *). 



VL 
TaEOBa 6£iJia TparH^eoKaii jqacTL noaTa. Hhkto no na^ajij ero 

A^flTejIBHOCTH He MOrb OSH^aXB, ^TO OWL TaSl KOH^flXb. ?TO-XO 

poKOBoe 6i>iJio Bi ero 2BH3Hh; h xi, komj npBm;iocb BcaoMHHXb o 
HOHiy ecxecTBeHHO ocxaHaejiHBajiHCB na^'b BoapocoM'b, qxo axo dujia 
aa JiH^HOCxb — A'bficxBHxejibHo jib caMofi npapoAod noAroxoBjieHHaH ^Ji^ 
peBOJiK)i^ioHHod arHiai^iH hjih cjiyqaflao nonaBinaH bi ]^BjifiL peBOJiio- 
i^OHepoBX? cjiy^iafiflocxH bi cxporoifb CMucjit cjioBa He Mosexi 
6bixb H ptiH. PbiJiteBi A'^flcxfioeaji'b BnojiHt cosHaxejibHO h hoa* 
roxoBJiHJi'b ce6H K'b A'bflcxBiH) — ropa3AO 6oji'be C08H&xejibH0, ^m 
BecbHa HHorie h31 j^acxHHSOB'b saroBopa. Ho 6biJia jih axo^ wh ca- 
xom A'bJi^y peBOJUOAioHHafl naxypa? OojiaAajia jih Ofla BOiMHKaqe- 



.PbiJiteBi>,o6paT5icb K'b{TOBapHmaM'b CKa3a;ii>, coxpaHHH see npHcyrcTBie Ayxa: 
.FocnoAa, HaAO orAarb noc.itAHifl Ao;iri>', h ci> 3thmi> ohh crajiH ect na koji^hh, 
TJMOji Ha He6o, KpecTHaHCb. Pbi/itcB-b omn'b—yKejiaji'b 6jiaroAeHCTBiH PocciH. 

riOTOM'b BCTaJIH, KaMCAbJf) H31> RHXli npOmaJICH CO CBHlUeHKHKOMlt, utJiyH KpeCTb 

H pyKy ero, npH tomi* Pbi^iteBi* TBepAbiMi> ro/iocoM-b GKa3ajii> CBsimeHHHKy: .5a- 
TfOiUKal noMOJiHTecb sa Haiuii rptiuHbin AyiiiH, He 3a6yAbTe Moefl Hceubi h 6;iaro- 
CAOBHie MOK) A04b*; nepeKpecTflCb, BaouieA-b Ha dmacporb, 3a hhmi* nocAtAOBa;iH 
npo^ie... 

„Ka3Mb* 14 — XII 1825 co c/ioa-b npHcyTCTByiomaro no c;iyxc6t npH 

Ka3HH''. 

^Jlo npoHSHeceHifl CMepTHaro npnroBopa ohh ne 6bi/iH CKOsaHbi, ho hotomi* 6bi;iH 
o6peMeueHbi caMUMH TflxcejibiMH KaHAa^aaMH. KaHAa;ibi h 6bi/iH npHHHHOio naAemii 

Cb BHCkflHUbl TpOHXlt. 

Tpynbi cjiomcm;ih bi* 6oAbiiiyK> rejihry, ho xopOHHTb He noBe3AH, h6o 6biA0 
ynce coBepuieHHO cb^tjio, h napOAy co6pa;iocb BOKpyri* TbMa-TbMymasi. FlosTOMy 
Teji-fera 6biAa 0TBe3eHa bi> 3anycT'^oe 3AaHie yqHJiuma ToproBaro MopenjiaBaHin, 
AouiaAb OTnpfl}KeHa h H3B03MHKy HaKa3aH0 npuOuTb cb jiouiaAbio bi* c/itAyio- 

myiO HOMb. Bl> CAtAyiOUiyiO H04b H3B034HK1> flBHilCH Cb JIOUiaabK) Bl* KptnOCTb 

H OTTyAa noBe3i> rpynu no nanpas/ieHiio K'b BacHJibescKOMy ocrposy, ho KorAa 
OHi> A0Be3i> Hxi* AO TyHKOBa Mocra, usiy 6yAKH buuijih BOpy}KeHHbie co;iAaTbi n, 

OB/iaAtB-b B03)KaMH, HOCaAH^IH H3B03qHKa Bli 6yAKy. Mepea-b HtCKOAbKO qacoB'b 

cnycTsi, Teatra B03BpaTH;iacb K'b touv )Ke Mtcry; H3B034HK'b dbiA-b 3an;i0MeHi> h 

flOtxaJl-b AOMOfl. O M'bCTt, KOTOpoe npHHHAO Bb CeOSI Tpynbi Ka3HeHHblXl>, xo- 

AHJiH no rierep^ypry ABa cjiyxa: oahh roBopH;iH, mto hxi> aapbiJiH na ocrpoB'b 
FoAOAat, Apyrie yBtpsiJiH, hto rhAa 6bi;iH OTBesenbi na B3Mopbe h TaMi> dpomeHu, 

Cb npHBSiaaHHblMH K'b HHMl* KaMHflMH, Bit r;iy6HHy BOAl***. 

H. PaMa3aH0B'b. ,Ka3Hb AeKadpHCTOB-b. Pa3CKa3bi coBpeMeHHHKOB-b* 
„PyccKifl ApxHBT>** 1881, II, 344—346. Stott* pa3CKa3'b npHHaAfioKHrb 
B. H. BepKon(t)y, Ha4aAbHHKy KpoHBepKa bi> IleTponaBJiOBCKOft Kp'^nocTH. 
*) «3anHCKH HKyuiKUHa*, /leflniuirb, 147. 



80 PyCO&OB BOriTOTBO. 

CTBaVH, H606X0ffHiniMH JIfiS OCTOpOSHOft, noGjiiAOBaxejiBHoS, OfiffJ- 

HaHHofi H CMijLofi arHTaiuH? CitixooTB, nojiosHKi, 6iua, HO BOi 
ooranHHK Heo6xoxHM£ui KavecTBa — mu kofjih bi 970111 j6iKrrheM — 
OTcyroTBOBajiH. 

HisoTopuMi coBpeHeHHBKaM'L PfijBtteBi Kora sasaTLCn BOuomeH- 
HUMi pesojnoiuoHepoM'L, Tasi Rasi ohh cyahjih Eewh toji&so 
no ero pi^am h no tohj BOsfiysAeHHOMj coctoahIb, wh Easoni 

OHl npOBBHOOHJIl GBOH pft^H. A BCt ffO OAHOFO, BTO 8Han Oro, 

sant^ajiH sa hhmi 9tj onoco6flocTB 6iioTpo BocnjiaMeHHTLCJi n ro- 
BopHTB CI RpaSsHMi BOsSyxAeHieMi *). Ero BupasHrejiBHue rjiam 
ocTajiHGB y Bcix^b Bi nanflTE. Ho e^Ba jih aTa BHftmHOOTL cooTBti- 
CTBOBajia BnojHt BHyrpeHHeny coAepsaaix). 

Ecjra o^HH'b Hsi TOBapHn^efl o6o8Baj['L ero Ha oy;^ ^KOBapHBiMib 
BJiOAieHi'' **), ffpyrofl o6BHHiiji'& b'& 6ojiBmoMi BjiacroJiDfiiH, bi^ 
ynumjieHHOM'L sejiaHin ospysaTL ce6fl 6e3AapH0GTflMH, ttoSei nep- 

BOHCTBOBaTL ***); eCJIH APyroS COBpeMeHHHE'& rOBOpHJTB, HTO OHl Bl 

jijmi peBOJiK)ii[ioHep'Ey chjibebiS xapasTepi, 6e3KopH0THfiifl, ^eoTO- 

Jll06HBUfl, JTOBSifl, peBHOCTHUfi^ p%8KiB Ha CJIOBaXl H Ha HHOBHi, 

ecJTH oHi ero c^HTajri npysHHofl BOdMyn^eniH, qejiOBiKOM'Ey boc- 
nJiaMeHflBninM'B oBoex) HacxofiqHBOCTLX) h cbohmi BOo6pa}EeHieHi ****y^ 
ecxH, HaKOHei^'E, Fpe^ib HasuBajii ero He $opMaj[LH£iH'& peBOJuo* 
^ionepoMi, a ^anaTHKOMi^ cJiaSoyafHUMi qejiOBiKOM'E, oAypftBoiHM'E 
0T% jrH6epajii»HHX'B He^Tanifi *****) — to bc* bth otbubu xh6o ot- 



*) »PocTy OHi) 6faiJi'b cpeAHsiro; nepTbi ero ;iHiia cocraBJiii/iH AOBO^nbHO npa* 
BMAbHbift OBa;ii>, Bi) KOTopoMi* HH OAHH McpTa p-fesKO HC o6o3Ha(iaAacb nepeAi* 
xpyrofl; Bo;ioca y Hero 6biJiH nepHue, cjierKa saBHrue; r^asa leMHhie, ci» Bupa- 
aceHJeMi* AyMbi, h qacTO 6jiecTHmie npH OAymeB;ieHHon 6ectA'k; rojioBa, HeiiHoro 
HaKAOHHafl BnepeAi, npn MtpHOft nociynH, noKasbiBHJia, mto mucAb ero BcerAa 
6biAa saHsiTa roft BHyTpcHHefl xcH3HbK), KOTOpan, bi* MHHyry BAOXHOBeHifl, Bbipa- 
iKaAacb BO BAOXHOBeHHOft ntcHt, B-b Apyroe BpeMsi HCKaAa Tofl hack, KOTopan 
6uAa nodyAHTCAbHbiM'b Ha<iaA0Mi> Bce<! ero AtaTeAbHocTH* (cAOsa kh. 06oAeH> 
CKaro). .B-b ero bsfaha'^, B'b neprax-b ero AHua BHAH'feAacb 0A>uieBAeHHaH ro* 
TOBHOCTb Ha BeAHKifl A'^Aa,* ero pt4b 6biAa Hcna h y6t)KAeHHa'' (cAOBa 6ap. Po- 
sena). .PbiA-feeB-b 6biAi> He KpacHoptquB'b h OBAaA'^BaA'b ApyrHMH He tohko- 

CTSIMH pHTOpHKH HAH CHAOK) CHAA0rH3Ma, HO XCapOMl) OpOCTOrO H HHOFAa 

HecB5i3Haro pasroBopa, KOTopbift bi* OTpbiBHCTbix'b Bbipa^KeHinxis H3o6pa)KaAv 
BCK) CHAy MbicAH, BcerAa npeKpacHOfl, BcerAa npasAHBoil, BcerAa npHSAeKareAb- 
HOfl. Bcero KpacnoptHHBte 6bi/io ero ahuo, na KOTOpo^cb 5iBA5iAOCb npexcAe 

CAOBl) BCe TO, MTO OHl* XOltAl* BblpaSHTb, TO<IflO, KaKli TOBOpHJlTy Myp'b Baft- 

poH%, OHi) noxo)K'b Ha rnncoByio Ba3y, CHapyxcH KOTopofl ntn* HHKaKHX-b 
yKpauienift, ho KaKi> cKopo B'b nelt saropHTCH oroHb, to H3o6pa}KeHifl, HSBaaH- 

HU5I BHyTpH XHTpOK) pyKOK) XyAOMCHHKa, 06Hapy}KHBaK)TCH CaMH CO6OK) (CAOSa 

H. BecTyMceBa)". 

**) .floHeccHie*, 53. 

***) SaeaAunmm, .BocnoMHHaHie o rpH6otAOB'b**, .flpeBHaa h HoBan Foe- 
cifl" 1879, I, 319. 

****) j[, ^, JSopoexoez. ,ABTo6iorpa(j)H«iecKiji SaoHCKH", .PyccKaa CTapHHa* 
1898, XI, 337—338. 
*****) rpeH%. ,3anHCKH o Moefl ]kh3Hh", 369,366. 



JtHTlPATTPHAJi X^^TUBHOOTB ffKABPIOTOBl. 81 

Kjon co6oTBeHHim npeyBejra^eHHEirb npHBHSHifl PHiitna, j[i6o 
rojioci Bpasjpa, jih6o, HaBOHei^i, tojioojiobhu 6paHSy oi HeooBoftm 
HioTHMH HaMipeHiaMH. 

Boa SH8HL PHjiieBa noKasuBaen Hau, tto mu mitm ;Kijio 
He ci $aHaTHRoiii» He oi npHHu^HniajiLHuiii peBOiDipoHepoMi, He 
01 BOBapHUM, He orb Bj[acT0Jii>6HBuiii leiOBtaoMi, ne oi bo- 
MfffiM% BOdoiaHifl, a HMeHHo 01 ^niBi^OMi^ ero, oi THpTeem, ci 
oeHTHMeHTajiBHofl Haxypofiy jierBO BocnjiaiieHHiiofi, ho Kpatne neBu- 
JiepsaHHoS H HepBHofi, Koropan BOKHnajia h Biouinajia o^eHB 6£i- 
crpo *). 

Ho KaKOBu 6u HH 6euh He^ooTaTKH PiuAeBa, uki nojiHTHie- 
OKaro MBicjiHTejifl h npaBTHSEy saKi oy;p»H OBoero BpeiieHHy xasi 
Boagpi H opaTopa, naBonei^iy Easi oeHTHMenrajiBHaro MeiTateju 
Bi MHHyTy nopasenlH, — o6n(lS pui^apoxiS xapaKiapi ero, uki 
XiHTejEH H ^ejEOBixa, otohti BHi bchbhx% HOAOBpiHill H npHsnani 
xase OTporHMH oyj^HMH **). Bi btomi xapaKxept 6ujio, desonopno, 

MHOrO XOHBHXOTOTBa, HO Bl OaMOMl BOBBBIHieHHOm, TpaTHVeOKOKl 
M rjHaHHOMl CMUOJii. 

KaKb ^eiOBiKi, FhuAewk 6uji%, roBopjm, piAKol j|o6pofir 

M OTBUBHHBOOTH ***). 

,Ro BoftMi Ba^ecTBaMi oepneinaro wjioBiBa, — roBopm oxhh% 



*) H3i> BCtxi> KaMecTBi) BacTOJimaro aaroBopuuiKa ohi> o6jiaAajii> HTocjierKa 
TovibKO OAHHMi. Ohi> yiA'tJVb cKpuBaTb TaflHy CBoero o6mecTBa. 9to OTMtMaerb 
A. KponoTOB-b (.HtcKO/ibKo CBtAtHifl PbiiiteBt", 230). H. Beery )KeBi> raiOKC 
roBOpHTb, HTO OHi> 6bi;i'b ^ocTOpoxcHUM-b^, CKpbiTHbiM-b H npeAnpiHMHHBUirb 3a- 
roBopiuHKOM-b (.BocnoMHHaHie o K. 0. PbiJi'beBt — Co<iHHeHifl PujiteBa. JleAn- 
mirb 1861, 10. Ho 0Hi> me roBopHTb (cTp. 23), qro Ba)KiitllmHif'b HeAocraTKOifb 
PujiteBa 6biJio ero cnHuiKOM-b orKpuToe h AOBtp^HBoe cepAue, hto OHb.BO 
BCsiKOM-b qejiOB'feicfe BHA^A-b 6jiaroHaM tpeHHOCTb, He noAoap'feBaJi'b o6MaHa, h, 
o6ifaHyTbifl, He nepecraBajHi BtpHTb, hto onbiTHOCTb hh K-b <ieMy ajisi nero hc 
CJiyxcHJia^). Kaxceicsi, 4to MHoroe B-b arofi ckputhocth Pbi;iteBa aaBHctJio orb 
MHHyiHaro Hacrpoenifl. Taftny o6mecTBa on-b AOBtpHJi-b, nanp., Kioxe;ib6eKepy h 
CKpbiBajii* ee orb ropasAO 6oji'fee rpesBaro MyxanoBa (cm. .PyccKafl CrapHHa* 

1872, II, 336). 

**) Cm. B(ndaHoeuH%, „HcTopisi uapcTBOBamsi HMneparopa AjieKcanApa I', 
Cn6., 1871, VI, 432—433. 

***) A. B. HHKHTeHKO, KOTOpblfl 6blJn> eMy 06fl3aHl> CBOHM-b BUKynOM-b H3% 

Kp'fenocTHofi saBHCHMocTH, TaKi* BcnoMHuaiiit o HeM-b*. .H He BHaBajii Apyroro 
qejioB^Ka, Koropbitt o6jiaAaA'b 6bi raKOfl npHTnrare^ibHofl chjioA, KaK-b Pbi- 
xteB-b. CpeAhJiro pocia, xopomo cjioTKeHHbifl, ct> yMHUM'b cepbesHUM-b jih- 
iiOMis, OH-b cb nepBaro BsrjisiAa Bceji^;!!* B-b Bacb KaK'b-6fai opeAHyBCTBie Toro 
o6aflHifl, KOTopoMy Bbi HeHsdtxcHO AOJixcHu 6bi;iH noAHHHHTbcsi npH 6o;rbe 6;ih3- 
KOM-b 3HaK0MCTBt. Ctoh;io yjiN6Kt oaapHTb ero ;ihuo, a BaM-b caMHMi> nor;iy6>Ke 
3ar;iflHyTb B-b ero yAHBHTe;ibHbie rjiaaa, hto6m BCtM-b cepAueM-b, 6e3B03BpaTBO 
OTAaxbcsi eMy. B-b MHHyThi CHJibnaro BOAHeuifl hjih noaiHqecKaro B036yxcAeHiji, 
rjiaaa 3th ropt;iH h tomho HCKpH;iHCb. CraHOBHJiocb )KyTKo: CTo;ibKO 6bi;io B'b 
HHX-b cocpcAOTO^eHHOfl CHJibi H orHfl. Ho TaKHMi* « ysHaiii* ero no3X(e. Bt. Moe 
nepBoe noctmeHie, h, rAasHhiM-b o6pa30Mi>, Hcnwiaji-b na ceet qapyiomee Atfl- 
CTBie ero ryMaHHOcra h Ao6poTfai h, Bbi3BaHHbifl na oxKpoBeHHocTb, noBtAaiff-b 
CMy Bcio neMa;ibHyio HCTopiio uoi/ix'b crpeM/ieHifl. 

.^ 7. OT^i.'fejjb I. 6 



82 PyOOKOB BOfATOTBO. 

coBpeiceHHHKiy — PfuieBi npHOoeAHHxn (SoiLmoe x&poBaHi« yiia. 
06jiaAaj[ OKopte npHHu^HQaiiH, ^im OTpaoTSMH, ohi ffiloTBOBan pas- 
oyAHxejiBHO — no Teopii i no OTBJie^eHHBm ^^opiifjiam^ eon xo- 
THTO, HO tfeBBopucTHO H uBi 6u HonojiHflfl ]fflZT%... Mflrsil, ^ejio- 
Bi^Hufly Bpan pasxopa i npojunifl KpoBi, ohi yiita& 6mb 
TBepAUMi I noBejiHTejibHim, Kor^a o6cTOffrej[LCTBa btofo Tpe6o- 
Bajifl... OHi zn6nz% npjmyi) Aopory h ero ^eciHocTB npesHpajia 
^^pyria" *). 

„B% TO BpeMA, — nimen J(. KponoroBi, — nocnjiofl wb ropo^ 
cjiyxi, o^OHL noxosifl na HCTHny^ tfyxTO no paaciiOTpiHiH AOKJia^a, 
npeAciaBxeHHaro BepxoBHBim oyAom HiinepaTopy, HHSOxat IlaB- 

XOBHT& BHpaSIXOfl CJLijSJ¥miJ!lM% 06pa80Ml rxaBHUXl BHHOBHH- 

Kaxi CMyiu: ^Bi IlecTejii a BHsy coeAHHenie Boixi nopoROB% 
BaroBopn^Hu, vh PuiieBi se— Bctxi Ao6poAiTexefl^ **). 

HiinepaTopi mope miTL CBoe ocoGoe MipHJio a<ui oi^hkh cbo- 
Hxi BparoBi, H, Kone^HO, FwAevb 6eui a^ji nero Bpan Menie 
HenpiflTHufi, ^iwh IlecTexB, no xapaRTepno, too HMnepaTopi saro- 

BOpHJEl „A06pOAiTeX£rXl'' TiXl XHI^l, SOTOpUMl TaROBKXl, Vh 

6ro» no KpafiHeS uiipi, riasaxi, hh^tb ho HaAxeasajio. 

A AAA Hao'B--recjiH 8Torb pascKasi ne BHMBiniJieHi — i^iHHo to, 

ITO HM6HH0 PiUiOBl 8aCTaBHX!B I^apJI BCnOMHHTB TBRHXl, SaTO- 

Bopn^HKy npHcyn^HXi, AofipoAiieJiflXi. 

H. KoTJiflpeBCKtii. 



*) .Schnitzler. Histoire intime de la Russie*. 1854, I, 206, 207, 214. 
**) X Kponomom. ,H3t> mchshh rp. M. H. MypaBbesa*, ^PyccKifl Btcr- 
HHifb- 1874, I, 64. 



MaTepHHGKaH jih)5obb; 

KaiTb ^aKTOpi* B'b 6opbdfe HHAHBHAyaJIbHOCTH Cb 0($iueCTBeilHOCTblO. 



Bi ooHOBt oinH6KH, no soTopoft o6ii(ecTBo I roojAapcTBo 

nMiDTE CBOHMl HCXO^^HUHl HOMeHTOMl CeHLD, MTSATh Jlfii HJlfiJi, 

BucBasaHHUfl nepeAOBHMH nicjiHTejUHH XIX Bisa: JI^apBHHom h 
KoHTOHi. JI,OBTpHHa nepsaro hbi hhxi o6uBHOBeHHO ^opHyjupyeToir 
TaERHi o6pa80Mi: ^MaTepHHCKafl jii>6obb xeHD^HHi Bcixi naqift, 
KhVh H caMOK^ Bcin aKHBOTHuxi^ Bi cBoefl ooHOBi npexoraBjADTi 
flBJieHifl T04AecTBeHHUJi";*a HAeji RoHTa, ^opHyjinpoBaHHafl JlHTpe, 
BaBJiD^aeicji bi tomi, qT0-~a^6m}>i/McmuHem/i nyecmea^ o6ycjio- 
BJiHBanmiji HpaBOiBeBHOOTL h ojiysanux i^eaieHTOMi, o6'LeAHHflioiitHiii 
qjieHOBi AAHHaro o6ii^eoTBa vb o^ho i^i^oe, ^xoopduHtij^odaHi^ 
scnpyth pasAUHiH noJl06^*^^ 

B% CBflSH CI 3THMH ^OKipHHaMH CTOHTb, HeOOHHiHHO, H HBBftOTHaS 

rHDOTesa BjiaHmapa, no KOTOpofl MaTepHHCiuui JI1060BL y sHBOTHiin 
paBBHia Tiwb CHJiBHte^ H%Mi ojioasHie i Bume noBXHsa ffaHHofl 
rpynau shbothuxi; rHnoTeay 8Ty aBTopi no;p<Bep4AaeTi npHMi- 
paMH H81 uacca niHi^i, yTBepsAair, hto ncHXHsa buboaeobuxi, 
BOTopiixi nieHi^u ci nepsiixi se ^Hefl onoco6Hiii ffo6iiiBaTB ce6t 
nHn^y (KypHHBiir^ njiaBaK)ii^ifl), HHnse qghxhsh nTeHii[OBfiixi, BOTopuxi 
nreHi^u 6oiAe mjle Menfte npoffOJisHTejiBHoe BpeMfl Tpe6yi)rL in^a- 
TejibHaro sa oo6ofl yxo^a poffHTeJiefl. 

Hdi jMiJiBHiflinaro HSJioseHiji mbi yBBAHMi, ^0 aoktphhu bth 
flyag^anTCfl bi o^ohb oyn^ecTBeHHuxi oroBopKaxi h nonpaBKaxi. 

npea^e, OAHaxo, Him nepeflTH ki pasoMOTpiHii) OTHOciiiiiarooir 
«i)j(a Maiepiajia, cKasy HicKOjn>KO cjiobi tomx, Kasi npeACTaBJiAxxTL 
iiBTopu caMiifi npoi^ecox saKJia^i^KH oeMLH na noHBi MaTepHHCKaro 
^BCTBa H Tixi 6ioj[orHHeoKHxi a^hhuxi, Boxopiui nojiy^HJiH cboi 
4opiiyj[£i Bi npHBOAeHHuxi Biime AORTpHHaxi J(apBHHa, RoHTa — 
.iHTpe. 

Bote uki pascyacAaen no noBO^y nepnuxi MOMeHTOBi sapo- 
xpfioyis^kTOCSi MaiepHHCKaro qyBCTBa Ph6o*). 

*) Pu6o. ncHxo;iorifl qyecTBa. nepesoA'b cb <})paHuy3CKaro. Man. O. A. loraH- 
«£OHa, CTp. 245. 

6* 



84 F700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

CoBiJiuoB Ha KBflssj dcHHEaoa (Lies soci6t6s animals), aBTop^ 
nHmerL: 

caMKt Bi> ifOMenrb, Kor;ia oua npoHSBOAHTb Ha cetrb ce6t noAo6Hux'b Majiio- 
TOiCb, He CTOHTb HHKaKoro TpyAa pacnoaHasaTb bi> HHZ-b njioTb on* imotm ceoell; 
qyscTBO, KOTopoe ona HcnuTueaerb Kb hhmi>, nanno CHMnariH h cocrpaxaHifl, ho 

OTCIOAa HeJIb3JI HCOIOVHTb HACH C06CTBeHH0Cni, KaiCb OAHy H31» np04HfaiZ^ 

ocHOB-b CHMnariH. Ona MyBCTByerb h noHHMaerb ao H3BtciHoA creneHH, vra 
STH KpouiKH, flB;ifliomi$icfl MacTbK) e$i caifofl, npHHaA^ewarb bI) to nee BpenH eft; 
jiio6oBb icb caMofl ce6t, pacnpocrpaHeHHaii Ha rtx-b, Koropue npoHCzoAflTb otv 

Hen, MkHSierb SrOHSlfb B'b CHMnaiilO H HHCTHHKTb C06CTBeHH0CTH B-b HtlKHUfi 

HMnyjibCb. noAo6HO TOMy, KaK-b noAOBaii Jiio6oBb npeAnoJiaraerb HAeio o Bsanic- 
Hofl co6cTBeHHocrH, MaTepHHCKan Aio6oBb npeAno^araerb hacio o noA^HHeHHoU 
co6cTBeHHOCTH, <iTo HpoHczoAHTb BCJitACTBie TOFo, <iTo Apyroe ,1i*^ SlBJinerCM 
TaKHM-b CAa6biM'b, «iT0 yMacTie, Koropoe eMy OKaauBaeuib, Hocnrb xapaxrepv 
cocTpaAaHisi. 

JI,ajo[ie, ji!kjLOy no ojiOBam npo$. SCepo^ soioparo KHSsKa^ 
„06n(ecTBa y shbothuxi^ 6uJia Bcxpiqena ci co^jBCTBiem hho- 
cTpaHHUHH y^enuMH, i noffBHJiacB bi pjccKOiii nepeBO^i, — HAen^ 
TaRHMx o6pa80Mi: 

A'^TeHbiui'b pacierb; uano no Majiy, MexcAy Maiepbio h HM-b ycTanaBAHBaeTCir 
o6M'kH'b BnenaTAtHiJ!, coBM-fecTHafl )KH3Hb H o6mie Hnrepecu nopoHCAaiorb uexcAir 
060HMH cymecTBaMM 6;iH3Ki5i ceMeflHUsi oiHomeHiii. 

MarepHHCKaH ;iio6oBb h a'^tckIsi npHB$i3aHH0CTH, — npoAOA)KaeTi> }KHpo, — 
co3AaiOTC5i coBOKyoHOCTbio oco6bixi> ycAOBifl. HMtiorb AH 9TH ycAOBiii nouo- 
jiorHHecKyio ocHOBy? — cnpauiHBaerb aBTop-b Aa^te, h OTBtqaerb: 

MaTb HcnbiTfaiBaeTi> npi$iTHoe nyBCTBO yAOBAeTBopenifl, bhah, KaKi, npH en 
noMomn, Kp^nnyrb cAa6bi5i HOBopoxcAeHHUH cymecTBa; oua man* 3a uiaroiiv 
CAtAHTb 3a nocAtAOBaTejibHbiMH CTaAiHMH Hxi* (])H3HHecKaro H KyxoBHaro pas- 
BHTifl; BO BpeMH 9THxi> HadAioAeHiH 3apo}KAaeTCfl CHMnaTifl, Koropasi nepexoARxv 
Bi> ;iio6oBb HpeAtAbHofi HHTeHCHBHOCTH, Bi> Heno6feAHMoe HyBCTBO, sacraBJiJiio-^ 
Hiee METb McepTBOBaTb ]KH3HbK) AAA cnaceHifl A'^TeHbllliefl '*'). 

BuflCHBBi renesHCi HjBciBa poAHrejiefi si a^txmi, aBTopv 
nepexoAHTi ri BiiacneHiK) HOTOiHHKa CHHaaiiH fftiefl si po^i* 
TejiJiMi H ;^*Tefl Apyn kx flipyry... 

^TO sacaeTCJi nepsaro, to oho^ no MHiHiK) asTopa, bbito- 
xaeii H8i>: 

npH3HaTeAbH0CTH MOAOAOrO nOKOAtHifl K-b TtMl>, KOTOpbie o HeM-b 3a60TJITCir 

H AOcraBAsiiorb eMy nnmy; y AtTeHumefl cnanaAa aapoxcAaeTCfl CHMnariii, koto- 
paH pacrerb orb npHBbiHKH h KOAH^ecTBa 0Ka3aHHbix'b Marepbio ycAyrb **). 

3aTiiii, 9X0 EacaeTCfl aio6bh moaojcbixi oco6efi ffpyn k*^ 
Apyry, to hcto^hhk'l axofi jiio6bh, no MHiHiio asTopa, saEAio^aeTCJi 
B'b Gjiijijioinewh: 

A^TH He p0}KAaK)TC5I^ OAHHaKOBO OAapeHHUMH ^HavneCKH H AyXOBHO; »TO 

HepaBeHCTBo obycAOBAHBaei'b nocreneHHO B03pacTaiomee npeBocxoACTBo 6oA'feeji 



*) Cip. 61 H 62,. 
**) Crp. 62. 



MATIPHHOKAX JIIOBOBB. 85 

mpHCnOC06;ieHHbIX'b HHAHBHAOB-b. BOJite CHJIbHUe, nOAMHH$I5ICb OTOy, nOKpOBH' 
^iCAbCTByiOrb CB0HM1> 6paTb$IMl> H HatlHHaiOrb K-b HMM-b OTHOCHTbCSI, KaiCb pOAH- 

jexH K-b AtT5iMi>. BoAte CAa6faie hhahbhau utuflrb sth ycAyrn h Bbipa^Kaiorb 
CBOK) npHSHareAbHocTb; B3aMMHafl CHMnaTin, pa3BHBaflCb noAi* BAi5iHiein> npH- 
«bmKH, npeBpamaercfl bI) HacTOfliuyio 6paTCKyio AK)6oBb *) 

• 

Kor^a BOdHHKmafl, TaBHMx o6pa80H'&y ceMBjr yBejiH^HBaeioji bi 
^Hojii cBOHxi ^jieHOBi, TO ajfLTpjHCTHneoKoe HjBCTBO, cHa^ajia 
4iJieMeHTapHoe, CTaHOBHToa Bce 6ojiie h 6ojiie cjeoshumi h pasHO- 
tSTopoHHHMi; Bi KOHi(% KOHi^OBi, OHO AaoTi Ha^ajio MpaecmeennocmUy 
soTopaii, no jBtpeHiio hhofexi aBiopoBi, y otfn^eoTBeHHuxi naci- 
soKuxi j^<icTHraeir& nopasHrejibHo BEicmefi OToneHH pasBHTifl. Taxi 
7 MjpaBseBi H n^ejii, no yTBeps/^eHix) JlerypHO, **) cRjiaAUBaDToir 
iraKiH eoaapmuift ua codermennocmby KOTopuji He tojibro BaTM^Bann 

BCiXl» jqf^VKSh SHBOTHUXl, HO npOBOOXOAflTl, H ffaaBO oqeHL 8Ha- 
qHTOJiBHo, HH8iDij[ pao£i ^eJEOBi^eCTBa. 

FeKKejEB Hji[eir& enie jijSkShm^ h yTBeps^aerb, ^to ^ooiqajiLHue 
HHCTHHKTiii SHBOTHUXi^ ua Komopuoyh Mu ocHostMaeMb ynenie o 
HpaeemeeHHOcmu (HanpHMtpi, yAHBJieHiiD ^ooToflnoe nyecmeo doAza 
y MypaBLeBi), Horyn 6utl HasBaHii bhojih^ xpHCTiaHCBHMH b% 
jiyqnieiii CMucjii 8Toro cjiOBa**. 

TasHMi npe^cTaBjiffeTCfl aBTopamx renedHci h pasBHTie o5H^a- 
CTBa: MaTepHHCKas xi)6obl, ToacjOieoTBeHHafl js^a Bcixi shbothuxi — 
-cosHAaoTi ceMLK), ceMLA, paapacTaflCB h pasBEBaH bi ce6i due- 
MOHTU ajiBTpyHBMa, Be^i^eTi k% o6pa80BaHiK) o6ii^ecTBa h rocy- 
;^pOTBa. 

nocHOTpHMi TenepB, HacsoJiBKO cRasaHHafl rHnoTesa HaxoffHn 
ce6^ ocHOBanie h noji;KpinjieHie bi HBJiemjfX'B sbhbhh cHa^ajra 
4e3no360HOHUux^y a hotomi hobboho^hux'b oicusamnux^ h ^ejio- 
BiKa. 

Mu yBH^m cefl^aoi, ^o npoTHBi arofl rHnoTesu npev;i^e 
scero roBopjiTB: 

I) Kpumuna odu/^usyb coo&pcLoiceHiilj KOTopuMH ee OTapaoTCH 
o6o€HOBaTB dcnHHaci H ero nooJitAOBaTejiB; II) demajibuoe mynenie 
^tcu3HU odunoHHWD'h otcvsomnux'b ci hcho BupasseEHBiMi ^MaTepHH- 
«KHMi ^yBCTBOMi* H III) moKoeoe oice uaynenie ofcuanu mam h(13U' 
sa&MHx^ o6uJifictnMnniAX% HaerbKOMux^y KOTopuff, Easi ebb^ctho, 
npEEHManroii sa Jiyqniift npEMipi, noffTBepsAaK)ii^iS rnnoTeBy pa8- 
BETiE o6n^CTBa EBi ceMLE yKaBaEEUE'b Bume nyreiix. 



*) Crp. 63 H 64, KypcHs-b Haiii%. 
**) L'fevolution de la propiet6. 



86 PJOOKOB BOrATCTBO. 




II. 

fl yse ynoHflHyjn o. tomi, ^to AapeHHi (cjioBaMH BBDajua) 
roBopHTi ojitAfDn^ee: ^Mosen jih toti, kto ^Bxajii TporaTeuHue 
npflMipu MaTepiHOBoS juo6bh, paacKasuBaeiiTae laKi qaoTO npo sen 
n^HHi Botxi Hai^ifl h npo oaiiOKi Bctxi shbothuxi, coiiHtoaTBCA^ 
qxo ocHOBaHui 8THXI nocTyHKOBi TosAecTBeHBu vh 0601x1 cjiy- 
qaiixi? *). 

dia HAOfly BOBoe He AOKaaaHHafl jifiMe bi TasHXi jcaobhuxi 
npeffiiaxi, bi KaKHxi ona BiiosasuBaiacb AapBHHOxi, nooJiyBUiJia 
HCXOAHEiHi nyHKTOMi ]S,JLS[ i^ijiaro pa^ft TpasraTOB^E, bi BOTopuxi 
eS npHAaeicfl yse ropas^o 6ojAe nurpoKifi cmucjii, h 6ojiie oSmee' 
SHB^eHie. 

dcnHHaci **), oco6eHHO Tn^aiejiBHo pa8pa6aTaBniift Bonpoci o 

MaTepHHGKOMl ^yBOTBt^ HBJIAeTCJI OABJIM'E B81 HpeAciaBHTeJiefl Ta- 

Kofl T07KE spiHk Ha npejiji^rBy — ci nero noaiOMy mu h hbh- 
HeMi. - " 

n^AudgAQicHu, nHmerE anxopi, uavAAuamb HdyneHie HaiepHHCKara 
a ci HU3mux^ cmyneneu soojiozunecKou Atbemuut^u, m. e. (yh 
cy%uficmm>^ jiumenwux^ MUCAumeMuou cnocoiTtocmUt ujiu^ no npaU* 
neH MTbprb, maKUx^, y Komopux% npticymcmeie en eectMa comhu- 
meAbHO'-c'h 6e3no360HOHnux^, cuMuan) neco6ep^ueHHux^ e^ ^CMbicjiv^ 
op2aHU3atiiu*'\ tojibro oahhi dTon nyiB pi^meHiH Bonpoca ^HxaoMS 
M£i ]!jBkiie H MOseTi 6UTB npHSHani HayHHUKi''. Tasan sa^a^a 3cnfl- 
naca: bo ^to 611 to hh ctbjio susecmu MaTepHHCRoe ^ynciBO qejio* 
Btoa nyieMi bbojijoiph aioro qyBCTBa on hhbhibxi shbothuxi» 
cTaBHTi BBTopa Bi Heo6xoAHMOGTL pasucsHBaTL laKifl npH^HHU era 
y aTHXi noojLiji,EEThy KOTopuH MorjiH 6u cjiysHTB xoTH 6u Bane- 
KOMI Ha JIesa^^l[ bi ochob^ MaTepHHCKofi j[K)6bh bbiciohxi HjieKO- 
HHTann^Hxi shbothuxi. Ho KasHMH hhthmh CBBsaTL, HanpHH^pi^ 
MaxepHHOKyx) jedOobb Hacisoxiix'B ci Tim se ^yBOTBOMi qeio- 
Btxa^ Bor^a afli^o y hhxi nepesHBaexi iiaTB^ Koxopaa caiia Biimjia 
Hd'B nSi^a, nepesHBmaro ea po^HTOJiefl? KaKi o6i»hchhtl ce6%, no 
HaoiKOHoe MoserB npeABHA^TB 6yAyHiee no HeirBBicar&OMy npomeA*- 
meny? hjih hto oho mosotb ydHanaTB oaMoro ce6a. bi cyn^ecTBaxi, 
HHiDH^HXi ooBepmeHHO OTJDEHiHyK) OTi Hero $opiiy h ;^ase nps^ 
OToyTCTBiH Bi Heiii BOHKOfi SHBofl $opiiu (Kor^a Jii)6oBB HanpaB- 
jioHa Ha Hfii^a)? hjih, naBOHei^i, KaRi o6iflCHHTB 8a6oTu MaxepH o 
TaKHXi nysAaxi ffixeHBimefi, KOTopuxi ona He HMierB HHsa- 
Boro noHHiiH, TaEi BaKi bthxi nysi^i ne SHaexi. O^eBH/^HUM'B saaa- 
jiocB 6u, ^To Mu HMtem a^icB a^jio ci HBJieHiHMH Bi ana^HTejiB- 



*) npoHcxoHCAenie nenoBtKa. flepeBOAi* noAi> peAaxu. CtHeBoea. 1871 r^ 
Cip. 38 H 39. 

**) 3cnHHaci». Les soci^t^s animals. 



MATBPHHOKAJI JIK)BOB&. 87 

HoS cieneHH oTJiHianii^flMHOfl oti lixi, soropuA bhj^hmi y qejio- 
Bisa H Bucmnxi sabothuxi,— oiJiHUDii^icHOJi I no OBoeiiy npo- 
HcxosAOHiK), fl no oboomj xapasxepy; ^to sa^a^a na lofl noHBi, 
Ha KOTopoft ona Ae6aTHpyeTeji, ho paspimHiia. ^Ho, — roBopHn 
dcnHHaci, — aadana mpeOyerm nacmostmeAbuaio prbmenin &b yKosaU' 
HOMh cMucATb, 6681 ^610 „oo^ioxo^ifl jumaeTCJi csoefl ochobu"... h 
OHi npHciynaerL ki oji pimeniio noniiTicaMH — yoxpaHHTB npoTHSo- 
ptnifl HeycTpaHiMUJi. 

YcjiOBifl cyn^ecTBOBaHifl bh^obi, — roBopHn 3onHHaoi, — Mom 
nosBHTBCA noBAHie, qim nojiBHJiao& naTepHHciuui j[io6obb. Tasi na- 
ctaoMUfl, HanpHHtpi, ne Boer^a motile npoxo^HTb Boi ^asu npe- 
Bpan^emfl (ryceHHs^a, KyKOJiKa h Bspoojioe SHBOTHoe), xaKifl opoxo* 
WTh TenepB, h, TasHMi o6pa80M'B^ Mom cnaqajia saroTOBJUiTL cbo- 
eny noiOHOiBy ly caMyn nnnty, KOTopofi nHTaK>TOfl oaMH, a noTom 
coxpaHRjEH npHBu^sy, He cMOTpa na HBMiHeHie otfpaaa shbhh. 

npeAHOJEosenie aro, o^HaKo, ne oSiacHflerb Toro» sasHm se 
o6pa80Mi HaciKOHoe Biipa6oTai[o bi ce6t cnoco6HOCTL 8a6oTHTi»0Ji 
flfli^axiy sasi o sbbbixi oyn^eciBaxi. JI^jla aioro ousajioob ne* 
o6xo;^HM£iM'b HOBoe npej^nojiosenie o tohx, tto HaotBOMfui cna- 
Hajta 6iU[H SHBopoAfln^HMF. dia HOBaji rHUOTesa ptmHJia 611 a^xo; 
Ha 6iAy» oj^Haso, no sasxioHeHii) oaMoro asTopa es, OHa BCxpiinaeTi 
BOspaseHie b% canofl dsoxDi^ioHHofl TeopiH. „HaoiBOMii£r, — roBopHn 
oHi, — npoHBomxH on nepBefi, a HiRoiopue BOXL^aiue ^epBH npo- 

JIBJIflKXTL yse 8a60TJlHBOCTB flftl^aXl^. CxOBOMly HHSaEl He Bfil- 

xo^HTB Toro, qTO HysHO, H coBffaiB rHHOTeay, corxaonyi) ci $aB- 
TaMH caMUMH necTpuMH H pasHoxapaBTepHiiMH, oKaBUBaerox 00- 
BepmeHHo HeBOsiiosHUM'b. H botb, bi pesyxBTaTi MHoro^xoxeH- 
Eya% npexnoxosenifi h 6oxie hxh Menie ooTpoyMHUxi ^oraAOSi, 
dcnHHaoiy — H He ojxhhi ohi, — npnxoAHTi ki ox^ATDn^eiiy Heyrt- 
niHTexBHOMy jiflM nero, ho coBepmeHHO ecTeoiBeHHOMy Basxioie- 
hIk): „mu nuiaxHOBy— roBopHTi ohi (fla cip. 837), — oTUCKaiB npH- 
HHHy MaiepHHCKofl xk)6bh y 6e8no8BOHO?H£ix'b (anaxornqHUfl Taso- 

BUMl y SHBOTHUXl BUCHIHXl) H dOAOfCHU 6UAU 6% KOHI^rb KOHl^Offh 

(ymKOsambcsi omb ceoezo naMrbpemn*^. Toxbbo HanpacHO ohi Ha* 
j^terofl, 9T0 ^ffpyrie ncHXOxorH 6yffyrb oqaoTiHBie^ othochtoxbho 
ero HBoxiAOBanix „b% tomi se Ayxi*"; mosho c% yBipeHHOCTBK) 
cBasaxB, HTO bi btohi ^yxi saj^a^a 6yAerB HepaspirnHHofi, kto 6u 
8a nee hh 6paxcji. Kxdtb ki pimeniK) ex xoshtl b% Apyrom 
Micri. 

noKOHiHBi Taxi HeyAaiHO oi nepBofi hoxobhhoI Ba^aHH x ne 
onioxaBi Tpe6yeii]iixi npHHHHi, aBTopi nepexoAHn bi ffpyrofl:Ki 
Bonpocy Taxom pasBHTiH h nooTOXHHom ooxosHenin xaiepHH- 
osaro qpoTBa bi schbothomi i^apoTBi, xoiopoe vh xoHi^i bohi^obi 
Morxo 6£i Haoi npHBeoTH bi MaTepHHOEoxy nyBCTBy BucrnHXi sh- 

BOTHBXl. 

Caxo co(k)i> paByiiteTox, no no CMHOxy Ba^aHH Heo6xoAH][o 



V 



88 rwooMom bofatooo. 

npexoMBm pMBirie aroro ^yBena tasi, ttoSh oho mjio oapu- 
jexLHo ci ycjiosHeHieiii opraHHsaipi shbothiix% oyn^ecTBi, no6u 
u% Hipi Toro^ EaBi mi noAHHMaeMca ci oxHoft HHsmel soojioni- 
qecKoft CTjneHH Ha oAjijmnjiDf Buomyi), MaTepHHCKas ju)6ob& cra- 
HOBuacB 6h Boe 6ojie h 6oiie ojioasHofi h chilhoI. 

Ki Hoo^acrii), h sffioL $aRTU HHsan He xothtl jKJiaWBancH 
Bi Tpe6yeiiyK) paMKy; ororo iiajio: h b^^ol na sasAom mary Borpi^- 
unTGH HenpeoAOjUMUH saTpyffHeHifl. 

Tor^a ocraeroH offiHi beixoai: MHHyn $aKTii, AeTajisHoe bhh- 
CHOHie MTop£m npe^ooTaBJiAeTOH 6yAyii(eiiy, bbhtb paajiH^HUH 
$opuu npoHSAenisi MamepuncKoU Awdeu bi shbothomi i^apcTBi m 
pacHOJiosHTL Hxi Bi pai](iOHajiiiHOMi nopfljpsi, to ecTB vh nopH^Ki, 
BureKaioii^eMi hbi BospaoraDn^eft ojioshocth 8Toro ^BCiBa *). Cna- 
lajia, no8TOMy, pasciiaTpHBaDTCH rpyniiBi shbothuxi, y BOTopuxi 
„MaTB OTHOCHTCfl 6e8pa3JiHqHO Ki OTKJiaj^BaeMUKi ei) flfii^aHi*'; 
sartm paBCMaTpHBaixrofl .pasjiH^mifl CTeneHH oco6eHHOCTefl, BUTe- 
saDn^Hxi H8i 6ojiie h 6ojiie aETHBHoS pojiH caiiRH, BOTopas, bo- 
nepBuxi, ;^ixaeTX BBi6opi MieTa, 6jiaronpiflTCTByK)]i^aro BUJiynjie- 
fliD xtTeHiimefl H81 bhi^i, bo BTopuxi, Bu6HpaeTi noMin^eHie, 
yAO^Hoe jifla hxi coxpaHeniB^ bi ipeTSHxi, Haxo^^Hn i^%j[eooo6pa8- 
HUH cpe^oTBa AJiH HXi npHKp^HJieHiH HXH sapuBaHiH, Bi-^exBep- 

TUXl, CTpOHTL ffJIH HHXl 0C06yK) Sail^HTy, Vh'JLSThiThy KJLVLjlfirh 

Hfli^a BOBjii Ben^ecTFL, cnoco6H£ixx cxysHTB nHn^efl jcxh jehhhhori 
HjiH BfiuiynHBniHxcH ffiTeHumefl, AOoiaBjiHH hhi Bopm hjeh vh 

06lIBH0BeHH0Ml BHJ^, HJHH SO Bl BHAOHBHiHeHHOfl ^Opili''^ H T. ft. '**) 

noAHHMaHCB Bce BBime h Bume, mu ;^oxoahmi, HaBOHei][i, ao 
noBBjieniH „o6mfiCTB%'' (y HaciKOMuxi), y BOTopuxi SHBOXHan 
TexHHKa ;!^tJiaeTL 6£icTp£ie ycnixH h npoHSBO^HTi j^HeosHxaHHUH 
Hyjeca**. „B% caMom fftai, — ^roBopHxi asiopi, — ^o chxi nopx Ma- 
Tepiaxi H opy^iH ^jeh CBoefl san^Tii 6ojiL]nHHCTBO HHsmHX'B shbot- 
Huxi saHMCTBOsajio Hsi sen^ecTBi CBoero co6cTBeHHaro Tijra. 3a- 
n^HTa (HanpHMipi, eobohobi) 6Bixa jibhil npojz^ojiseHieM'b opraHHsna, 
H8i BOToparo OHa HcxoffHJia, tohho laEise h opyAin: Hanpnifipx, 
TeneTa nayBa — bbjiajihcl kbei 6hL pacnpocTpaHenieHi SHBOTnaro, 
saHHAiaioii^aro ero i](6HTpx. HanpoTHBi, ecjiH mu BsrjiHHeH'b Ha npo- 

AyKT£I 06li;eCTBeHH0fi TeXHHKH, TO yBH^HHl^ TTO OHH HOOTpOeHU 

m% MBTepiaxoBi, Tasi csasaTL, nocTopoHHHXi cocthbhuhi Ben^e- 
OTBBMi pa6oHaro, h o6pa6oTBiBaeiiux'& ci BHimneS cToponu hcsjii)- 
HHTej[BHO iiexaHH^eoEHMH cpoAOTBaMH^ (Gtp. 298, 299). 

TaEHMi odpasoHi, nojiyqaoTCH Tpe6yeiiufl pH^i CTyneHofl nooTe- 
noHHaro yoxosHeHiH h passHTiH MaTepHHOsaro nyBCTBa, Kasi 6yAT0 
6u ;!^%ftcTBHTejiBHO cyn^eoTByioiaaro b'b npnpo^. npaB^a, ^asTOBi, 
^OATBepsA&»l^HXl tbkoS BOCxoAHn^ifi nopsAOKi ero pasBHiiH, ho 



*) dcnHHacb. Ibid. crp. 226. 
*M Cip. 208. 



MITIPHHOKAA JDBOBB. 89 

•yn^eoTsyeTi. Maio SToro: ^aoTo ohh h no saflBJieHii) caMoro dcnn- 
Haca CTOfln vh ooaepineHHOH'B npoTHBopt^H ci arofi JiicTHHi^eft, — 
HO... roBopflTL Ham, oi OAHOft CTopoHu ^aKTfii 8TH eme oieHL He 
noJiHO Hdy^eHu, a oi Apyroft — .Tpy^HO AooyoTBTB, m:o6u Jiorflsa 
Bes^eS, CTOAL corjiacnafl bo MHorom ci jiorHKofi yiia, OTXO^HJia 
ojiHmKOMx AAJieKO otl lasoro pasyiiHaro njiana h TaKoft leopeTH- 
?eosH ycTanoBJieHHofi nQCJiiAOBaTeiLHocTfl''' (oTp. 288). 

$aKT£I, ^SCTBHTeJIbHO, HSy^eHBI He^OCTaTOHHO nOJIHO H He^ocTa- 

TO^HO xopomo, H jiorHKa TeopeTHnecRHxi pascysgi^eflifl, noaioMy, 
ABjiJieTCH i4mi 6ojD[ie saMaHHHBofi, ^to, KaKi mu bha^Jih Bume, 
oA^xaTB sejiaxejibHiie bubo^u hbi cncTeHaTHqecKaro nsyHeHiji $aK- 
Tovh OKaaajiocB 6e8ycjioBHO HeBOdMosHLim. 3a to, MHHOBaBi npe- 
nHTCTBiA Bi OHGieiiaTH^eoKOMi Maxepiajii „h orpaHHiHBUiHCB rxaB- 
H£uiH npoaBJieHUTHH MaTepHHCRofl j[io6bh*, hu 01 6oj[Bmex> Jier- 

SOOTBK) UOMfUeii'h BO8HOSHO0TB HO TOUKO yOiaHOBHTL TeopOTH^eCKH 

noojii^AOBaTejiBHiiS pn^i ycjiosHenifl h pasBHTiji HaiepHHCKaro 
^yscTBa, HO j^ase noAo6paTB ;z^jih Kaa&Aaro npoHBJueHiji h oootb^t- 
CTByion^ie npHMipu. Gjiy^HJiooBy OAHaso, tto h na btotb pasi, KaKi 
8T0, no CBHAiiTejiBCTBy HCTOpii Hamefi HayRH, cxyqajrooB mhofo pasi 
npea^e, jiomKa ^asTOBi pasomjiaoB ci jrorHKoS yMa; 6jiH3saflniee 
MsyneHie ffijia Toi^aci se AOKasBiBaexi, qio ^pasyHHBifi nJiaHi** 
BOBce He coBnaffaerB ci A^fioTBHiejiBHOCTBK). 

$aKTu 9TH, KaRi HU cefl^aoi yBH^HMi, noffTBeps^aioirB, mo 
MaTepHHCsaH jii)6obb, «b npoAi^Jiax'B ;^aHHaro Rjiaoca shbotheixi 
CesnoBBOHOHHuxi, HHorffa ne tojdebro MoserB ne ycjiosHHTBCH h 
He yBejiH^HBaTBCH napajixejiBHO oi reneTH^ecRofl aBOjini^iefl cocia- 
BJiHDn^Hxi ero rpynni h ceiiefioTBi, ho mosoti cncTeiiaTHqecRH 
na^aiB h, naRonei^iy BOBce HoqesaiB. $aRTBi AORasBiBaiorB saxiMi, 
?T0 He TOJiBRO vk npeAiJiaxi ceMeSoTBa, ho a^^o h ojchofo 
poffa, MoryrB 6£itb BecBua pasjiH^Ho pasBHTUH OToneHH iiaTepHH- 
ORaro qyBOTBa; HaRoneni'B, no nocTpoflRH rnis;^ hbi ctopohhhto 
Maiepiajia bobco ho cooTaBJisnTB npHsnaRa shbothiixi o6n(ecTBeH- 
Huxi, a BCTptqaDTOH H y xixi caMBixi nayROBi, Mes^y npo^Hi, 

ROTOpue BUCTaBJIHDTGII npHMipaMH SHBOTHBIXl, He 06jD[aAaK)II^HX'B 
CnO0o6HOCTflMH Rl XaRHMl nOCTpoflxaiCB, H T. A., H T. ff. GjOBOMly 

oRasuBaeTCH, ^to npoHBJieHifl HaxepHHCRaro ^yncTBa ho npeACTa- 

BJUIXXTB HHRaROfi BOOXO^^H^efl JIJ^CTHHaU yCJIOSHemJi, H 9T0 9Ta 

jiicTHHi^a pymHTCH npH nepBom npHROOHOBeHin oh gi ^aRTann. 



m. 

no OBHAiTeJIBCTBy BOiXl aBTOpOBl^ — OpeAH HH8HIHXI (6e8n08BO- 

HO^Huxi) SHBOTHBixi — HayRH (Araneina) npeACTaBJurion Rjiacci^ 

B% ROTOpOMl MaiepHHCRaH JU060Bh AOOTHraOT^ BUOmHXl npoA^OBi. 
9tOTI RJiaCCB SHBOTHUXl HOdTOHy H£I H B08BlieMl ffU ptoOHiH 



90 PyCOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

Bonpooa loxAecTBi oohobi MaiiepHHOKaro ^jBoxBa y jbhbothux'b 
Bc^xi cryneaefi aoojiorHqeoKofl JiftoiBHi^u, i &a BoaiiosHOOTby bojAa- 
cTBie 8Toro, ^eueecmu"^ ojiosHoe ijbctbo MaTepHHCKoft ju)6bh y 
Bucmflxi sHBOTHfiixi H8i> npoortfimefl ^opMu aroro nyBoisa y 

HHSOIHXl SHBOTHUXl. 

Ha6ji]0AeHifi, EOTopuMH AOsaauBaeTCA oyn^ecTBOBSHie ,iiaTepHH- 
CKOfi jii)6bh'', y nayKOBi^ — o^eHB MHoro, h, ocxaBJUfl bi OTopoHt 
ncHxojEorHqecKyiD oi^iHsy, A^&6MyK) aBTopaMH aTOiiy qyBCTBy, ne 
MOseiTb iio;z^jiejisaTB coMHiHiD. IIo CBH^ieJiBOTBy aHrjdfiOKHrE aaro- 
MOJioroBi Kap6H h CaeHCB, ?acTO s^HTHpyenuxi JtapaHHOMiy-^ono- 
coChoctl aiExi shbothiui nfliaiB HtoHifliniir ^yaoiaa jno6BH b% 

CBOBMl ^^TJIMl nOHCTHHt HSyHHTeXBHa *). 

no^i^TBepB^i^afl OEasaHHoe, aaTopu pasoKasuBaiorB, neiBAy npo- 

qEHl, 06l HSBiCTHOMl OOEITt BOHHeTB, KOTOpufi, ^T06u HCIUITaTB 

GHJiy npHBHsaHHooTH OAHoro nayEa (Lycosa)^ 6pocHJi'B «ero BMiort 
ci BOBOHOMi Bi jioroBO .HypaBLHHaro JiBBa''. ^HBOTHoe 8T0 cxaa- 
THJDEO soBOHi, a BOJiJiff'B sai^Mi H cascKy nayEa, BOTopaA se xortJia 
OGTaBHTB cBoio ;Q)aroi^tHHyK) Homy h npeAno^Jia norH6HyTB Biii^crt 
Gx Heio, q^Mi cnaGTH GBOK) SH8HL 6trcTB0ii'b. npo^eccopi HemtZy 
roBopfl MaTepHHGEOH'B HHGTHBBTi Lycosidae Boo6ii;e, OTMiHaen, 
9T0 ^MBTB samnniaerB CBoe qotomctbo ao nocjit^^Hefl EpaflHOCTB", 
H qTO „MO»Ho OTpMBBTB y Hefl Hory 8a Horofl npesAe, ntm osa 

OOTaBHTl GBOe GOEpOBHIUe; TBEl BeJIHEB HOSeTl 6UTB HaiepHHGEaB 

jiio6oBb h'h cyn^eGTBaxi, Cesaon^aAHuxi bi CBoeny oo6cTBeHHOiiy 
BHAy H Aaase ei noxy, soTopufi ^aeTi shbal ob noiOMCTBy*^ sa- 
Exn^aexi aBTopi. 

npo Dolomedes Albineus pa8CEa8iiBai)rB qjAjs^^jowA oxy^ai: 
GBMsa 6u[xa npoTEayTa 6yxaBEofi, noTom nooaseHa wh OTeEXHSBufi 
cocyAi, r^ii pasa cEopo sasHxa. Repeal TpH ahb oaa c;^^xaxa so- 
sosi H cneGxa nSi^a; ona ;t6psaxa ero nocTOBHHO bi qexK)OTflXi, 
so GBX£i en 0Gxa6xB; paaa oTEpuxacL, EpoBL nOTOExa cboGoaho h 
GBMEa noGxeneHHo TepHxa gboh gbxu, so npE bgomi aiom oHa ao 
aocxiAHefl MSsyTii sb8sb se sunyGEaxa boeosb. 

H Mory spHooej^HHHTB EB pascEasaifB aBiopoBi e^e oaks'b 
HSTepeGH&ifi ^asn. Moxo^^ue nay^SH Theridinm pictnm bi seBOxi, 

npB SeAOGTBTE^ EOpHB, BHOrAB OTSpUTO Sana^aiDTl Sa CBOI) MBTB 

H QiAji,dkfOTh ee, xotb dxofl sepTsii ss^ero se ctosxo 6u caiioft 

aOXaSOMHTBGB EpOXOTSfillfS GOBAasiHHH, TpyCXBBUHH H 86 OCK^XH- 

Baion^HHEGH saaa^aTB ;z^ase sa Myxi, Boiopuxi mbtb yHepmiBXHen 
npexCi^e^ qiMi a^tb npsHyTGfl 8a axy Ao6u[?y; a xyn oss cMixo 
B86BpaK)xcfl sa lixo gbooS MaxepH, se oxGxynaK)]ii;efl bi o6£rasoe 
BpeHB OTh 6opB6ii Gi s^exoK) B BGer^B 0GxaK)]ii;eflcB no6iAHxexB- 
SBi^efi, H B0S8aK)xi GBOs ?exk)oxB o6pe^essofl sa GMepxB ;i(o6po- 
BOXLSofi sepxBi; mhxeib ob oepjq^y j^xs OBopo o6GfiniaKxrB ee^ 



*) Kep6H H CneHCb, nepes. A. Mhrh, cip. 328—329. 



HATBPHHCRAJi JIIOBOBL. 91 

KaRi 6HcepoM'&, h BucacuBanrb 6e8i ocxaTKa. JI,ajiLiDe aToro 
^yBCTBo MaTepHHCKofl jie)6bh h;hth yae, paayMieTca, He Mo»erE. 
KaKOBa ase jipHpoia BToro ^jBciBa, h cooTBiTCTByeTi jih oho 
MaiepHHCKOMy lyBCTBy BucmHxi hobboho^hhii, KaKi aro yiaep- 
jsijifikDT'h BecBMa BiHorie apaxHOjiorn h HaTypajiHciiii BOo6]i^e? 

BjiHaKaflniee Hsy^eHie aBJienifl ycTaHaBjiBBaeTi, npe»;^e Bcero, 
^TO cujia Mam^puHCKOu jiiodeu y nayKoe% daAeno ne odunanoea sa 
eecb nepiodz epeMeuu BuxasHBaHiH MOJlo;^H. Be3;^ft hm BHffHJMs^'^to 
cna^ajia aia jiJo6oBh 6K[BaerB, OTHOcHxejiBHO FOBOpa, o^ohb cjia6oK), 
no aiip^ se Toro, Kas'b npH&fHTflleTCfl spoMA Buxo^i^a mojeoauxi 
H8i HH^esit, OHjra HaTepHHCKofi jik)6bh, nanpaBJieHHaH ue ua adyvue- 
eJieuHuU npedMeim, a ua KOKom, GxaHOBHTCfl Bce 6ojiLnieio h 
6ojiLffleK). Ko BpeMeHH Btixoj^a MOjroiiH, qyBcxBo bto ^ocxHraexi 
CBoero EyjiLMHHai^ioHflaro nynsxa^ ho ci axoro me MOMenia na^H- 
naexcfl h ero noHHxeQie. 

^iwh 6oji%e no;];paGTaexii mojio^b, t^mi HH^H^^epeHXHie ox- 

HOCHXGA Rl HHMl CBMRH, a Rl XOHy BpeAieHH^ ROr;Z^a MOJIOA^ie AO* 

CTHraioxi Bospacxa, b% Roxopufi Moryxi npoHSBO^nxL caMOcxofl- 
xejiBHyio oxoxy, — MaxepHHCRaA jik)6obi» HC^esaex'b cobc^hx. 

Hsy^ax BHHMaxejiBHO bg^ rpa2i;aipH axoro ^yBGXBa h ero noGxe- 
noHHaro HoqesHOBeHiH, ho SHaeniB HHor^a, ?eMy y^HSJiflXBGA, — 
6ioj[orH^eGRoft jih AijieGOo6pa8HOGXH caifaro $aExa, hjih HsyMBxejUB' 
Hoft xo^HOGXH GooxBtxGTBiii Mes^y GHJioK), xaR'B HasuBaeMaro, Maxe- 
pHHGRaro ^yBGXBa^ ci o;z^ho3 GxopoHu, h noxpe6HOGXBK) bi axoMi 
HyBGXfit AJiA GoxpaHOHiH BH^a — CI ffpyrofl, b% kb^mpmI^ j^aHHufl 
nepio^i BpeueHH. 

9x0 cxporoe cooxBfixcxBie Hosexi 6hxb ^opMyjinpoBano xaKx: 
naym oco6b npoHSJiHerm ceoio AioSosb mifbMh cujibUTbe. HfbM% snaHeuie 
KOKona eti unmepeQaxi> euda dojibme; a SHa^eHie axo cxaHOBHXC^ 
6oj[BniHMi c% Raa^MHi ^^homi pasBBxifl mojioj^h, h6o gi RasAUMi 
AHen mancu Ha ycn^niHoe pasBHxie noxoMcxna yBeJiHqHBaiDXGA. *) 

H, He 60HGB iipeyBejiH^eHiH, c^Hxan bobhoshbimi npHsnaxB 
SHaqenie axoro $aRxa, bi Bonpoot o6i oi^^HRt hgxhhhoS npnpoABt 
pasGMaxpHBaeMBix'B HBJieHift, — orpoMHuu'B. 

Jl^pyraff, He men^e xapaRxepnaif h ho HOHie Basnaji ^epxa Ma- 
xepHHCRofi JI106BH y nayROB'B saRJiio^aexGH bi xomi, qxo ona npo- 
AOJixaexGH B'B xe^enie xojibro onpe^^JieHHaro nepio^a BpesieHH, cb 
HGxeqenieu'b Roxoparo, HG^esaexi, 6e3'B bghroB gb^bh h saBHGHMOCXH 

OXl COGXOHHiH od'LBRxa jih)6bh. 



*) Bi> caMOMi> A^Ji't, npeAnoAOHCHM-b (KOHe<iHO, npH6;iH3HTe;ibHo), hto qHCJio 
exceAHesHbix'b onacHOCTefi orb eparoe-b (y KOKona — cbohxi> cneiiia;ibHbixi>) pas- 
HfleTCsi 10, H HTO, TaKHM-b odpasoM-b, 3aKAK)HeHHbi5i Bi) KOKOHt Hfiua pHCKyiorb 
B-b TeneHie nnTHaAuaTH ahcA, Heo6xoAHMbix'b jum HX-b pasBHTis, noABeprHyrbCH 
onacHOCTH 150 pas-b. 

HCHO, HTO utHHOCTb TOAbKO HTO CA'^JiaHUarO KOKOHa AJIfl HHTepeCOB'b BHAa 
nOMTH Ely 150 pa31> MeUbUie, H-feM-b Ta, KOTOpyK) 6yAeT'b HlirbTb KOKOH-b, CWaCT/IHBO 

H36t»aBmifl onacHocrH ao nflTHaauaTaro ahh paBBHiin. 



92 P700S0B BOrATOTBO. 

BoTi $aKTi, AOsasuBaDii^ifl cnpaBeffJiHBOOTL CRasaHHaro. 

OxEHMeMi KOKOHi, HanpHifipi, y TapaHtyjia Ha 7-fl n S-fl jifiuh 
nocjii Toro, rbri owl hmi 6ujl% ca^mhi, h 6y;^eii'b Ha6j[i>](aTL. 
TapaHTyjii, — 8toti> oOpasem ^a^ojinSifl, — noBepraeiofl bi cipaniHoe 
6e3jioRoftcTBo; ci Heo6LiKHOBeHHOD Tn^aTejnHocTLK) H 8HeprieS na- 
HHBaeTi o6LioRHBaTB CBoe noxiii^eHie, nepepiiBaen bcd semiK) 
OROJio CBoeft Hopu, H ycnoROEBaeTCB, t. e. ooxaBJifleTi hohorh, jihibb 
OROH^aTejEbHO noiepBBi cejiu. ^oiporHBaflTecB jifl Hero bx 8T0 BpeHS 
najiLi^eMi, TOJiRaflTe (m Mioxa, — obi bjih ociaeTCA 6edi ^iBHseniH, 
HJiH, ejie GTynan, cffijiaerL ^Ba-TpH mara, ^To6u CHOBa ocTBHOBHTbc^r. 
BoBBpaiHTe ROROHX, H owh 6pocHTca Ha Hero ci ropJITHOOTBD^ so- 

TOpafl He OGTBBJIfleTl OOMHiHifl Bl HHTeHCHBHOCTH ^yKOBOJlJATnjBLVO 

HMi ^yBCTBa. dioro Majio. noTpe6HOCTb HOGHTB VL BTO BpeMH RO- 
ROHi TBRx BejiHRa, ^TO HayRH jierRo noAJi;aioTcii o6MaHy, h t^^hi 
Jierqe, q^Mi 6jiHse ri MOHeHiy HanBucmaro pasBHTifl MaTepHH- 
cRaro ^yscTBa coBepmaioTCB BRcnepHHeHTu. JlafiTe caHR^ Theridinm 
pictum Bipoe 6ojihmi6 rorohb Theridium lineatnm, RaRx h aio 
MHoro pasi A^jEajn, — h nayRi noHiH^aeii ero Ri Ge6i bi rHi^8ji;o; 
Aafixe ABa tbrhxi RORona h owh cj^tjaeii to aRe: ohi co6eperb 
Hxi i^^jiyio Ryqy n 6yji;eTX oxpanHTB ci oAHHaROBOiD 8a6oTJiBBOCTBH) 
onpe;z^^jieHHK[fl nepioji;^ speMeHH. 

BjIOSHTe Bl ROROHB SjCOSae BM^CTO HHI^l APO^HHRy, RaRl 8T0 

^jiajiH r-HB H r-aca Pekham, npn qeiiB b^cb ROROHa CA^jiaexcji 
BTpoe 6ojiBfflHMB, H J^aftTe ero nayRy, — ohb TOT^aci »e oxBaTBi- 
BaeTB ROROHB H, Hocjii 6ojiBmHXB Tpy^oBB, npHRptHJifleTB ero RB 
npflAHJiBHuiiB opranaMB. 

nOJi;j[OSHTe BM^GTO ROROHOBB HOXOSie Ha HHXB HpeAHeTu, H 

nayRH ceMeficTBa Lycosidae jierRo bboabtch bb o6MaHB. 

Ho BpenH H^exB; hbb ROROHa buxo^htb MOj[o;z^ue nay^RH. Ka- 
sajiocB 6u, TyTB-TO H cRasaxBGH MaxepHHCROMy qyBoxBy^ a na ji^hjA 
BHXOAHXB^ ?xo OHO 6HCTpo H^oxB Ha y6£ijiB H GRopo HG^esaexB GO- 
BG^MB. H BOXB qxo HsyMHxejiBHO H xapaRxepHoi nepioAB BpeiieHH, 
o6HHMaK)n;ift bgd raHMy GHa^ajia BOOxo^An^aro, a boxomb hhgxoah- 
iBiaro qyBGXBa ifaxepEHGRofl jik)6bh y nayRa, gxohxb. rbrb 6ujio GRa- 

8aH0, BH^ BaBHGHMOGTH H GBflSH GB A^fiCXBEXeJEBHUMH HSMtHeHiHMB, 

Roxopuff npexepn^BaexB pasBHsaiOH^eeGfl MOJioffoe noROJiiHie. 

06BflGHK) 8X0 $aRXaMB, HHOrO paSB MHOK) npoB^peHHBiiiH. B08B- 

HeMB nayRa po^a LyGosa, Roxopufi hoohxb gboS rorohb, hojioshmb^ 
oxB 12 jifi 15 ;z^Hefl. Kb ROHi^y axoro cpoRa MaxepHHGRoe qysGXBO 
AocxHraexB GBoero RyjiBMBHai^ioHHaro nyHRxa; rb exoiiy xe BpeMeBH, 
npn HopMajibHfiixB yGJioBinxB pasBHxiHy hbb rorohb buxo^axb mo- 
jioffBie; GBHRa 6poGaexB nyGxoft rorohb h nepeHOGHXB cboh qyBGXBa 
Ha MOjroAHXB nay^ROBB. 

JI^ajieRo He bg^ rorohu, o^naRO, ^OGxaranxB djiaronojty^flaro 
paBBBxin; coAepsHuoe mhofexb hbb hhxb yHH^xosaexGH napasHxaHH. 
KaRB se noGxynaK)XB nayRH bb xbrohb GJiy^at? Onu nocnim ony- 



MATBPHHCEAH JIK)BOBB. 93 

•mfbetaiU KOKOH^ do uemeHenin onpedrbAeHuaio epeMenu (do IS — 20 
dHea) u samrbM% dpocawrm eio, nuKOzda ne usMTbdyn ew codep- 
a^fiMazo, 

ABTopam^ A^jiaiDn^RMi oi^tHxy JiBJieHifl ncHXOJiOTiH shbothuzi 
no aaajioriH ce ^ejioBiEOiH), Bce bi onHcaHHuxi ^aKTaxi cosep- 
meHHo flCHo: najRx HOOHirL kokohx^ ^osHAas buxoaa mojioah'', ohi 
sHaerm npefijiHSHTeJibHO cpom Hxt Buxoffa, anaemrb, qio HHor^a 
MorjTi OuTB uecHacmuuH cjiynauHocmUy BOJii^cTBie KOTopuxi mo- 
jiOAue naj^EH He pasBHBanToir, h hotomj, npoHOOHBmH korohi oo- 
OTBiTOTBjDiiufl nepioAi BpeiieHH, 6pocaeTi ero, yenhpennuiX, qio 
H8i TaKoro KOKOHa HHHero yse ae BuflAen. 

IIpH TaKOii!^ pascysEAeHiH, — aBjieaifl 8th, ROHe^HO, oosep- 
meHHO ffCHu. Bojiie Tn^aiejiBHoe HsjieHie hxi, o^HaRO, TOT^aci se 
BUffBHraexi Ha o^epeAB $aRTU, ROiopue jj^'^jLBxyrh TaRjK) achootl 
Bce iieHBmeH) h iieHBineio^ noRa^ naROHeiii, ^HCTHHa'' He oxaseicji 
cnjiomHOK) oniH6ROK). 

Bi caMOMi A^Jiiy GJnyqaeTCx HHorffa, ^to (BCJutAciBie RaRHxi- 
jni6o naxoJiorH^eoRHxi npHWHi, pasyMieicji), — nayRi, npHroTOBHBi 
iiacTB RORona, ROTopaa Heo6xoAH]ia ri HOMeiTy RJia^RH hhai, la- 
ROBuxi He OTRjiaj^uBaeTi, a, nocHAtBi bi toS nosl^ bi ROTopo^ 

OHH OTRJiaA&lBaDTCJI, CTOJILRO BpeMOHH, CROJILRO^ OOOaCHO HHCTHHRTy, 

9T0 Tpe6yeTCA, npo^ojisaeTi cjiiAyK)n;yK) no oiepe^H pa6oTy^ t. e. 
BasepmaeTi, saAiJiHsaeTi btoti rorohx jifl ROHi^a. fl Ha6j[K)Aajii 
TaRia HBJteHifl y TapaHiyjiOBx: caHRa OTHOCHxacs ri nycTOicy ro- 
ROHy coBepmeHHo laRi se, RaRi ri HopMajiBHOMy: HOCHxa ero, 
6eperxa, He pascTaBajiacB ci hami, h CHjia en MaTepHHCRofl xioSbh 
xeKJia, pasBHsaHCB h noHHsajiGB, RaRi Boer^a Te^eii bi nepioi^i 

rfliS^OBBH. 

$aRirb nopasHiexBHufi'^ eoxH ero oi^'I^hhtb no AOCTOHHCTBy. 

TaRHMX o6pa80Mi, noHHsenie h noBHmeHie iiaTepHHCRaro lys- 
«TBa nayRa coBepmaeTCH 6e8i BCHRaro oTHomenifl Ri A^ficTBBTexB- 
HOHy cocTOffHiK) Toro o6ieRTay Ha ROTopufl aio nynoTBo nanpaBxeHo; 

OHO npOBCXOAHTl HCRJIlOqflTtXBHO Wk SaBHCHMOCTH Orb TOFO SHa^O- 

Hifly ROTopoe 8Ta „xk)6obb'' HMierB a^h HHiepecoBi MBHAa**, npH 
leM'L AonycTHTB coanaTexBHoe npeACTaBxeHie o TaRom BHaHenin y 

SHBOTHarO, ROTOpOe npOHBBOAHTl CBOH fftflCTBiH OAHHaROBO OOBOp- 

HieHHo RaRi Bi nepBufl, TaRi h bi nocxiAyK>we P^sa, — HesaBH- 
CHHO OT*B Hay^enifl H.onuTa, — paByiiieTCH, neBOBMOSHO. 

CaMRa nayRa coBepmaeii cboh npoi^eccu caiia no ce6i, en no- 
Rojiinie — caifo no ce6i. Ohh CBHsanu ihcto ^opMaxBHo h xheib 
Bi xe^enie onpej^^xeHHaro nepio;z^a BpeifenH. 

HopxaxBHo coBepmaioTCH t% $H3ioxorHqecRie h 6ioxorfl^ecRie 
npoi^eccBi, HS'B ROTopuxi ^acTB npeAmecTByen, a Apyran conpo- 
BOSA^erB pasBHTie moxoj^h, — h A'^HiexBHOCTB cbmrh npe;^CTaBXJieTCH 
HsyHHiexBHO iitJiecoo6pa3HOfi, h ^o ESBtcTHofi cxeneHH aHaxorH^Hofi 
!bHxexBBOCTH ^exoBtea h buchihx'b shboxhux'b; He HopMaxBHO — h 



94 P700K01 BOrATCnCBO. 

BOi 8TH ^^iftCTBiJT npejtCTaBJTADTl pjiAl „<5e8CllUCjD[eHHUlIIHXl aK- 

TOB'E*, KOTopue HeyKocHBTejiBHO npo^iJiuBanTca caxKot bi ojuaasfl^ 
jCTaHOBJieHHOMi nopflAKi H nocai^AOBaxejiLHOCTH, h BOTopue, vh 
cjn^HocTH, coBepmeHHo TaKi se ^ocHuojieHu'', sasi h tI, boto- 
p£ie HaMi TaKOBUMH KasyTCff. 



Otb OA^aHHoft xapaKiepHCTHKH MamepuHCKazo nyecmea oco6u^ 
nepefl^i^eHi m xapanmepucmuKrh dmozo nyecmea y KAacea naynoe^ 
e'h ezo VThJiOM^, 

nepBoe^ qxo Mu ysHaeMi 8;z^tcB, h qio ntcsojiLKO pacxoARTCJi 
01 npe;z^0TaBj[eHieMi o MaTepHHCROM'b HHCTHHBTt, KaRi o ^jbctbI 
ofimepacnpocTpaneHHOMi y btbxi aHBOTHHXx, bto to, ^to y h*ko- 
TOpBix'L nayKOBi Tanoro ^yBOTsa He Ha6jiK)AaeTCB[ BOBce, hjih no 
Kpafteefi Mipt ho 6oj[i>me, ^^h'l y ^epBefl. 

Jl^ajiie: Hsy^eHie rH^a^ni naysoBt *), bi cbh3h cl MaTepHHCKHHii 
^yBCTBOifB pasBepTUBaoTi nepoAi HaMH BHsecjitj^yBomyio saprHHy. 

BxoAflii^fl Bi coGTaBi BToro BJiacca, sbbothuh cocTaBJiAiorfc 
reHeTH^ecKH CBHsaHHue ;i;pyrE ci ApyroH'B pflA^J $opMi, b'b koto- 
« pHXi MoryTi 6mtl ysasaHBi, RaR's hcxo^huh, TaRi n KOHe?H£ui 
sBeHBfl. GTpoHTejiLBufi HHGTHHKrb npe^cTaBHTexeft Raa^aro h8% 
9THXI sBeHLeB'L u^nH Araneiaa ji;ajieRo ho o^HHaKOBi. $opiiH nep- 
BH^HHfl (Scytodidae, Pholcidae) sa^^tjieflH o^ohb neooBepnieHHHiii 

CTpOHieJIBHEJM'E HHCTHHRTOMX. ^^Wh JlfiklLhme OTCTOHTl AAHHOO BBOHO 

i^ioH OT'b en HCxoAHaro nyHRxa, xim HHAycTpiA ea Bume. JlpyrHMH 
ciOBaHB^ nayEH, no Mipi CBoero reH6THqecKaro pasBHTifl, B£ipa6o- 
TUBaioTi Bce 6oji'6e h 6ojiie coBepmeHHue cipoHxejiLHiie hhothhktu. 
dsojiioiiifl 8THXI noGji^AHExi coBepmaeictf wh jcByxx HanpaBJieHiax'b: 
OAHa rpyaaa nayBOB'b coBepmencTByeTi rHtsj^o, t. e. Tasyio no- 
CTpoftEy, ROTopafl cjiysET'b ;^j[fl noMi^n^eHiA EOKoea h nayRa BMicii; 
fl;pyraa — coBepm^HCTByeTi o;hhhi korohi, t. e. nocTpoflRy, ^pe;^- 
HasHa^aeHyio caei^iajiBHO j^lsl oxpanu tqjibro 6yj^ymaro noTOMCTBa; 
8Ta nocx^AHflH rpynna nayROBi He ycrpoHBaerE rH%8Aa BOBce. 

noGMOTpHMi TenepL^ bi RaROMi OTHomeHin gtohtb ^yBCTBo, 
xaRi HasuBaeMofi, MaTepHHOEOfi j[K)6bh nayROBi ei tojeleo ?to ysa- 
saHHOMy nporpeccy HHAycTpiH: ocxaeTCA jih oho HeHSMiHHuiix, EaE'b 

H^^TO CaMOCTOflTeJILHOe H BCim 8THHI SHBOTHbiM'L OAHHaEOBO npH- 

cyn^ee ^yBCXBo, hjih oho nojCBepraexcA E0Jie6aHiAM'B h HH^ero caMO- 
CTOflxejiiHaro He npeAcxaBJifleTi? ^aExu nacb y^axi, hto dxa jik)- 
60BL flBjiflexcfl HaH6oJi%e pasBHToio xam, tji% yxo^i MaxepH 8a es 
noTOMcxBOMi Heo6xoAHMi, T. e. xaiii, vji^ noGxpofiKa EosoHa hogo- 
BepmeHHa, r^t oxGyxcxBie VYLiz^% hjth hhuxi cnoGo6oBi 8aii^HXU 
noxoMGXBa, Bjne^exi sa co6ok) ho^xh HeH86iaEHy]o ero rH6ejib^ ecjiH 



*) W. Wagner. L'industrie des Araneina. M^m. d. I'Acad. Imp. de St.-Peters- 
burg. T. LXII. Ms 11. 



MATEPHHOKAfl JIDBOBB. 95 

caMES; xoTfl 6u Ha caMufl KopoTsifl opoKi, ocTaBHJia ero na npoHs- 
BOJii cyji(L6Li. TaROBH, HanpHHipi, Pholcidae, najKH, TacKaDsue sa 
C060K) CBOH saJiKie kokohk, hhth KOTopuxx ffase He npEKpuBaKm 
HHi^i; TaKOBu Licosidae, BOJii^ACTBie cBoero 6poAfl?aro o6pa8a SHdHH, 
TaoKaDn^ie c% 0060K) cboh kokohu^ xoth h o^eHB zopomo jcTpoeH- 
Hue, HO KOTopue, BCJii^ACTBie oco6eHHocTefi hxi apxaxeETypii, 
j^ijiaDTi nenpepuBHUfl 8a6oTBi h jxoa'b sa hhhh HeH36isH£iMH h 
T. ji,. 3a%cb HMeHHo, Bi dTHX'b rpyHHaxi najKOBi h hxi 6jiHsaft- 
HiHxi poAH^eft, ^epnaH)TCH aBTopaMH li $aKTu, KOTopue cjiysarL 
HifB ocHOBanieMi ajih pascxasoBi o nopfisHTexBHOfl naTepHHCKOfl 
xk)6bh nayKOB!E. 

H $aKTlI 8TH, KaSl HKL BB^^i^JIH, ^fiCTBHieJIIiHO, nOpaSHTejEBHEI. 

OHJia „MaTepHHOKofi jnD6BH'*, TaKHMi o6pa80M'B, AOCTHraerB Han- 
6oxBniaro pasBHrifl y hcxoahuxi nyHETOBi reneTH^ecKHxi pfl^OBi 
Kxacoa, T. e. y nayKOsi^ hocahi.hx'b c% co6ok) cboh kokobu h ne 
paacTaion^xcH ci hhhh hh na Hnnyry. 

mifh JlfiLShme OTh dlETh HCXOAHBIXl nyHKTOBl CTOHTE JljaHHaH 

^opMa, q^Mi coBepmeHHie cTaHOBHXcji apxHTesiypa hxi nooxpoesi, 
Tin oxa6fte h cjia6te CTaHOBHTCH saSoTu naTepn noTOHCTBft h 
jLV>60Bh en ki a^thhi. HaKoneui, naciynaeTi MOHenrb, Eor^a 
coBepmencTBO ctpohtojibhuxx hhcthhetobi ffocTHraerB xasofl bbi- 
coT£i, npH EOTopofl i^ftjiocTB HOTOMOTsa rapaHTHpyoTOH san^Hii^ai)- 
H^Hifb ero rnteAOMi hjih boeohohi^ 6031 oco6eHH£ixi HeHi xxo- 
noTB caMEH, BO BpeMfl pasBHTiH Bi Hfli^i H wh nepBoe Bpevji no 

BBIXOA^ H81 Hfll^a. 

^xo se A^xaexoH 01 ^HaxepHHOKOio jik)6obbic/* bi xaBom 
cjiy^ai? 

Ona yse ne noHHsaexcH, a eoece ucneaaeim, ecAu o6pa3^ atncsHU 
nayna MOMemb cmrbcuHmbCH KUKUMU-nuSydb, xomsi 6u MunuMOAh- 
HUMUy sadomoMU nomoMcmerb. TasoBBi, Hanpniii^pi, nayKH po;ir.a 
Agraeca (cen. Agelenidae), y EoxopBixi npoHBJieHie iiaxepHHCEaro 
TyBCTBa orpaHHHHBaexcH xojibko ycxpoflcxBOMi rntoAa ji,jisi hhi^, h 
KOTopue, sasoH^HBi 8xy nooxpoftsy, yjcHBHxejiBHyv) no OBoeicy co- 
BepmencxBy, — nosH^aioxi ee HaBcer;i;a. 

TaEHMi o6pa80M'B, paaeumie empoumejibuux^ ^mcfauwKmoe^ y 
nayKO&h, npu paeenemerb oemcuibuuarb ycjioeiH, cmoutm Sh o6pamnO' 
nponcfpi^ioHaAb^Mnb omnomeniu K^ cuAtb MamepuncKoH Aiodeu: HrbM% 
eutue u cjioofcnne dtnu uucmuHKniHy mvbM% CAaStbe u npoti^e saSomu 
Mamepu nomoMcmerb. 

MaxepHHCsaji xk)6obb BceiT^a na umiOy sor^a apxHxeExypa no- 
cxpoesi H APyriH 6iojiorfl?ecsiH yoxoBin o;^hh, 6e8i en coa^AcxbIh, 
He rapaHXHpymrb i^xocxh BH^^a; ho xhihb xoxbso cansa noxy^aexi 
BO8MOSHOCXB cxosHTB ex ce6H 8XH 8a6oxBi, ona ooxaBjiHexi CBoe 
noxoMcxBo vh xoxi se ^aoi, Kasi oxcxpoHJia a^sl hhxi noHix^e- 
Hie. SpyrHMH ojiOBaMH, MamepuHCKasi AioSosby pascMampusaeMaH y 
KAacca Araneina &b ezo lifbAOMbf npedcmaeAHemh npu3HaK% coeep- 



96 pyoosoi BorATOTBO. 

tueuHO anaAozuuHua mhozumz MopfpOAOzunecKUMh npusnaKCLH'by ko- 
mqpue, no Mmprb nadoSnoomu, mo naxodnmcH e^ uaAUHHoeiuu, m» 
tiCHesaiaim. KaRi HtRoropue ^epBH, HanpHicftpi, bi HSBftoiHuft ne- 
pioffi SHBHH^ noif^aiOTi oco6eHHO pasBHTue rjiasa, oieHH — pora, 
KOTopiie ooTOMi ornaffaDn h t. a., e t. a., to^ho Tasi seMaTe- 
pHHCKaB jii)6oBB najKOBi, npeACTaBiflii npocioft bhaoboA npHSHasi, 
aaKpinjDffleTCA nojifiofou% sa RasAon ai^hhok) $opiioK) jmmh Biia- 
Kofi Mtpt, H Bi TaKOMi cjiyqat^ r^t h orojebso ohi Mosen 6uTh 
nojeBBBi BHAJ Bi ero 6opB6t sa oyn^eoTBOBaHie. dioro Maio: Ma- 
TepHHGKafl jiK)6oBB HO TOiBKO Hcqesaen Tor^a, Kor^a oco6i» nafi- 

AeTL BOBMOSBUm CJIOSflTb CBOE 8a6oTu Ha JOOBepnieHOTBOBaHHyi) 

apxHTeRTjpy KOROHa, ho m smoMy ycoeepmencmeoeauiio, c^ i^ftMn 
•ceoSodumb eeSn orm aaSorm o nomoMcmerb (ecAU ontb CKOAbKO-Hu- 
6ydb cmvbCHumeAbnu) uanpaeAeua ecH coeoKynnocmb 96OAiot^ioHHaz0 
npoi{€Cca cmpoumeAbHux^ uncmuHKmoe^. 

HjsHo jiH AORaauBaiB, nocjii cRasaHHaro o icaTepHHCROici 
HyBCTBi 7 nayROBi, qxo oho bobco se TOSAecTBeHHO Tin ^jb- 
CTBaifi, ROTopus noA'b 8THmi lepicHHOMi paajMinrcA y BucmHxi 
SHBOTHuxi H ^ojioBiRa? H ?To E81 HCHXojioriH MaTepHHGRaro qyB- 
CTBa nayROBi HejorBSfl ^eueecmu'* cjiosnaro MaiepHHCRaro qyBCTBa 

BUCmHXl SHBOTHUXl? 

Hn^ero ne jijMarh $aRTu b8i» shbhh nayROBi h ffu Toro, ^To6u 
yTBeps^ATL, 6yAT0 MaTepHHCRaa ji]o6obb Ha nepBuxi se CTyneHHxi 
SH8HH sHBOTHuxi nopos^aeTi axBTpyncTHqecRifl qyBOTBa ^JienoBib 
COMBE Apyri Ri Apyry: MOjioAue BBimeAmie esi aAujk nay^SH ne 
HanaAanri Apyn na Apyra tojibro vh tomi yrojut, bi ROTopoM^ 
BumjiH Ha cBtTL. Cionn nm, o^bbro, HeMHoro paBoflTECB bi gto- 
poHu (xoTB 6ii BpoMeHHo), RaRi cuBHiflmio OTRpuTO HaaaAaDTB 
fla cjiaduxi H Hxi noiA^^iori. IIodABie, Ror^a ohh paoxoAfficA co- 

BCilfl H Ha^EHaDTB BOCTH CaMOCTOHTOXBHElfi 06pa8'B SE8HH — OHH 

yse HeHBifiHHo nanaAaiorB Apyn hb APyi'Ay go BotnH npieifaMH 

8THXI XHH^HEROBl, RBRl OHH HanaAADT'L HB BCHRyX) Apyryi) ^0- 

6Hiy. 

IV. 

„jiio6bh'' e bucoro passETOifB qyBCTBi ajiBTpyBBMa y ?xe- 
HOBi o^Horo ^rocyAapcTsa'' sjis o^EOfl „o6iii;hhbi^, laRi nasu- 
BaeMMXi^ o6m6CTBeHHuxi HaciRoiiiixi nncajiE rtiii 6ojD[Bme h Tim 
RpacHopi^EBie, ^im MOHBine shbjih hxi fiioJioriio *)y a tsr'b rbr'b 
ohb e ao chx'l nopi o^ohb MHoreifB npoAOJUKaexi 6£itb mbjio hs- 
BicTHofi, TO pascysieHin na aiy Teny npo^oisaKKTB nHcaTBCE ao 
Haranxx Asefl h 6yAyTB nacaTtc^, etpoHTHO, em;e AOJirie toah, xoth 
90CJIO ^pHH^HaiaJ[BHi>Ix^ npoTHBHESOBX Tasoro BoaapiHin na npoA- 



*) JlaJibMa nepBCHCTBa b-b 9tomi> OTHOiueHiH ocraeTca aa MeTepjiHHKOMT*. 



MATBPHHCRAA JIK)BOBL. 97 

Men CL KasA^^*^ Tojipwh pacTeii. nooMOTpnifB, ^xo roBopjiTL 

$aRTH. 

H. npHoeAT ^^'^ ^^'^ Moero HsciiAOBaHifl 6ioj[oriH nuiejiefl h Ha 
HTb ocHOBaHiH nocTapauGi* buachhtb Tt se Bonpocu, Koiopue noA- 
jiesajiH HameMy H8CJit;i;oBaHiK) no MaTepiajij, AOCTaBjieHHoaiy Han't 

aHBHBK) OflHHOieHXl CyCTaBiaTOHOrBXl JKHBOTHHXlj a HMeHHO: 

1) Moofcerm jiu Mamepuncnoe nyeemeo^ manrb Ha3ueaeMuoc^^ od- 
u^ecmdeuHuayh nacrbKOMUxfh npuanaeambCH moofc^eem6enHblM^ ^naKO- 
eoMy ^fcueomH^tx^ eucmux^l 

2) Hyecmeo^ Komopoe npuHUMaemcfi aa MamepuncKoe y, mawb 
HaahieaeMux'bj oSv^ecmeennux^ uacthKOMuxh, nopoacnaexi jh oho y 
Hnxi mepoKiS ajibTpyHStfi Mesjuy <{jieHaxB ceMbH, Kasi o6'b axoMi 
rofiopHxi aBXopBi, ycMaxpHBaio^ie bi MypaBeflnHRi h n^eJOUiHOM'b 
poi — cjojKffyio oOmHHy. 

Kor;^a pt«iB Hj^ex'B o MaxepHHOKofl j[K)6bh y Bucmnxi shbox- 
HLix'b, xo o6jiaji;axeJiHifH xaRHxi ^yBCXBi npe^nDOJiaraioxcH xojilro 
caMRE, a canoe nyscxBO HanpaBjieHO xojibro na A'i^xefl. Y, xaRi na- 

BUBaeilKIXl, odll^eCTBeHBIilXl) BaC^ROMBiX'E 8XHMH HHCXBHRXaMH JIh60 

Heo;i;BHaROBO, a oyni^ecxBeHHo pasjinqHO Haj^tjieHU ^Bt cxasu hbi 
xpexi, jihOo xojubro o^aa nsi hexi, npn qeMi» Ha^ijieHa axHifB qyn- 
cxBOMi He cxojiBRo caniRa-Maxb, crojibro ooo6h, HBRor^a ne 6£iBniiji 
MaxepuMH, xo ecxB pado^ie. Ho h bxo eni;e ne Bce: Ha^tjueHu bxh 
oco6h He xo maxepEHCKofly ne xb 6paxGRofl jiio6obbi) xaRi, ?xo ne 
BHaeniB, RaRofi hsb hhgxhhrxob'b sa^cb BBipasoHi cHjiBHie h oape- 
A^jieHBte: xoxi. jih, Roxopuft xapaRxepnayexcA BfltmHHMH npHBHa- 
RaMH ajiBxpyfl33ia, npn BBsaHHocxn h pacaojiosemH, hjih rbri paai 
npoxflBOHOJioasauS hhgxhhrxi: ^sceGXOKOcxH RaHBH6aj[H3Ma'' hjih 
^npecxyaaaro paBHO^^yraia**, ne Mtmaiomaro npn HSBtcxHux'B yeao- 
bIhx'b „jq[H)6obho BOCDHXUBaioiuHM'B'' paSo^HMi noRofiHO 6poGaxB Ha 
npoH3BOJi% Gyji;B6M ropa^o jik)6hmhx'b ^HX0M^eBll. PasSepeMi no- 
6jiHase afiJieBiH, noAiie}saii;ia named oi^tHRi^. 

npoBBJieHie MamepuHcnoic Jiw6eu y mMejiefi Ha^HBaexGH c% no- 
cxpofiRH rH'bsjir^'B jiJLo. 6jfl^ym<di. GeMBH, K% ROXopoMy ona npHGTyaaexi 

nOGJOfb SHHOBKB. 

Oroh'ihbt* nocxpoflRy, GasiRa cxpoHX% bocrobhh a^efiRH ;^JIH3a- 
nacoB'B ueji^SL h co6HpaerB nani;eBoft Maxepiajii A^a jiaqBHORx. 

Ha nofl;po6HHxi onHGaniaxi axofl ^.taxejiBHOGXH a OGxanaBJiH- 
BaxBCH He 6y;^y, xarcx RaRi ona no CBoeMy xapaRxepy npefl;cxa- 
BJiaexi •;!('6axejiBHocxB ne o6n^eGXBeBHaro, a OAHHo^aaro naGtRO- 
Maro, — h5o bgh j»o6n^HHa^ bi axo Bpena npeAcxaBjiena oj^nofl xojibro 
caMRofi. 

CRasy noxoMy jianiB, ^xo, cpaBHHBaa 9xy OAHHO^ayK) fl;JaxejiB- 
hogxb caMRH mnejiefi^ ch cooxBtxGxeyiomeft ^.i&BxeJiBHOcxBro ofl;HHoq- 
HHX'B Hymenoptera, BOo6iii,e ira j^ojisbei 6yj^eH'B npHsaaxB ehgxhhrxu 
nocjii^ji^HHX'B He Mente cjiosHBiifH h ne Mente GOBepmeHHUMH, liiwb 
hhcxhhrxbi, xaRi nasBiBaeMBixi, oSn^ecxBeHHux'B nactROMUx'B. 

Jk 7. OTji^jTb I. 7 



98 P700R01 BOrATOTBO. 

IIepexoji;fl on nocTpoflKH rHts^a Kt yxoiJy aa MOAodbw, mu 
BHAHifi, TTO dTOTi yxoA'B nos^Hie cocTaBJiHen jil^no He gtojiiiKO 

CaMKH, CKOJBRO pa^O^HXl. TaKHMl 06pa80Ml, A^A BUflCHeHifl BO- 

npoca cyn^eoTBOBafliH MaTepHHCKofi jik)6bh 7 o6u](ecTBeHHEixi 

HaciKOMUX'B, HaMl npHXOAHTCA rOBOpHTb He CTOJOrbSO ABJieHiflX^ 

vh SH8HH caiAKH-JiaTepH, cROJiJbKO JiBJieBiflxi, HaGjiDAaeMUXi y 
paCoHHxi oco6efl. Ha axy xapaRxepHyi) ooo6eHHOCTB vb npoBBjie- 
Hiflxi 8a6oT£i BspocjQLBixi HOApaoTaion^eifi noROJiiHiH h o6pamaK) 
oco6eHHoe BHHMaHie ^HiaxejErfl. Jlajiie, pa6oqie mjiejiH, Roxopue, 
RaRi HsetcxHO, AH^eRi He oxRjiaAUBaDxi, xn^axejiBHO yxa3BBBaH)xi 
He xojuLRO 8a MOJUOABJO, HO H aa noMtn^eHiem, wh ROxopOMi ona 
pasBHBaexcii, hh pasy, o^HaRO, ne hmIa bobmoshocxh bh^h^xl jih^h- 
HORi; ApyrHMH cjioBaMH, pa6oqie miiejEH RopMAxi h yxasHBaioxi 
sa ^iMi-xo, HOMi He hmAdxi h He Moryxi HicixB HHRaRoro 
hohhxIh, xaR'b RaRi BOCROsaH o6ojiOwa oi nepBaro h ao noojuiA- 
HJiro MOMenxa cnjiomt ofijieRaexi jih^hhohhhri. Enie HHxepecH^e 
TO o6cx0HTejiB0XBO, Hxo 8a6oxH noApacxaion^eMi noROJi^Hin 6£i- 
BaDxi , HeyoxaHHUMH, HenpepuBHUMn a^hb h ho^b, — ho npo^oji- 
saDxcA ofli jinmB ^o xoro MOMeHxa, RaRi pasBHBmiflcH h81 jeh^hhrh 
miiejiB noHBjiHexcH nsi CBoero RORona. 

EaRi xojiBRo 8X0 Gjiy^HJiocB, H npe^GxaBBxejiB MOJiOAoro no- 
roji^hIh noRaBUBaexcfl hbi rorohobi, xo ecxB RasB pasi bb xoxb 
MOMeHXB, Ha^HHaH CB Roxoparo niMejiH nojiy^aiorB bobmoshocxb 
„y8HaBaxB bb hhxi ce&b noAo6HuxB^, — xaRB xox^acB se bchrIa 
8a6oxiii HeM'B npeRpani^aioxcA, h npeRpan^aioxcH cnojina. 8thxb 
$aRX0BB coBepmeHHO AOcxaxoHHO, ^xo6bi onpeA^JiHXL hcthbhuA 
xapaRxepB xoS jik)6bh oco6efl gombh rb MOJiOAony noROJitniK), 
ROxopyH) MH HM^eM'B BA^CB uepeAB co66io. 

Ho eni;e xo^Hte, eme o^eBHAHte onpeAtJiaexca axoxB xapaRxepB 
MaxepHHCRofl jik;6bh y „o6n(ecxBeHHUXB^ HaciROsiuxB ^aRxoMB 
ECxpe6jieHiH jihhhhorb mifeaflMH bb xe^eeie jitxa. $aRXB axoxB 
bb xaRofi cxeneHH pacxoAHxca cb xo^roS sptHin na ncHXHRy 06- 

S^eCXBeHHBIXB naC^ROMUXB, KaR'B Ha SHBOXH&IXB, npCHCnOJIHeHHBIXB 

BsaHMHofl GHMQaxiefi H ^camooxBepseHHOK) jik)6obbio^ rb ^a^i^^mb", 
^xo ocxaexcH jih6o 6e8B BCHRaro o6BflCHeHiH h anxopu BaHocflXB 
ero BB ^HGJio „TaBHcxBeHHOGxe&^S jih6o oxMi<iaexGfl bb xaRHXB 
BupaseHiaxB, KaRB axo ]i,^ji8LeT%y nanpHMtpB, Pomohcb *): „gb 
fipH6jD[B2KeHieMB 3HMB[ y ocB eueaanuo eenuxueaerm neiodoeanie **) 

npOXHBB HepaBBHBHIHXGfl em^e JDLH^HHORB H RyROJIORB, BGJDLi^AGXBie 

^ero OH* norojiOBHo h yHH^TOiRaioica", — bb BupaaeHiaxB, Roxopwa, 
oneBBAHOj He XOJIBRO HHqero He oSbhchhioxb, ho eni;e 6oj[^e sa- 
nyxHBaiox'B a*JIO. 



*) PoMeucb, .Vm-b }KHBOTHbixi>*, ncpCB. noAB pCAaKuiefl Xo/iOAKoecKaro. 

**) Mofl KypCHB-b. 



MATBPHHOKAA JIK)BOBI>. 99 

$aKTH ^^OKasuBaKxri, ?to HcipefijieHie Jin^HHOfti Bcer;^a ab- 
JiJieTCA cjiiACTBiemi 6e8RopMHa£i. 

Heo6xoji;HMo HSfbTB bi bhxj, BnpoHeifE, ^to 6e8KopMBi^a ji,sti 
jLH^HHORi 7 niMejiefi He Bcer^^a npejucTaBJifleii co6o]o fiesEopMHi^y 

^JIA HHll CaMEXl. 

rflisAo maiejiefl, npnHeceHHoe ce^o;^HH h nojuy^HBinee bt» nofl[- 
«opMos'L n^ejiHHxafi Me^x, KOTopufl TOTqacE se nepeiacKHBaeTCA 
mMejiAMH B3> CBOH flqeflKH, jEHineHHoe bosmoshocth BujieTaTb sa 

SOpMOMl JS,JLa A'^TBU, npHHHMaeTCH H0Tpe6jlIflTB JIHqHHOqHBKH, HHorAa 

floqxH 3aR0HqHBinifl cBoe pasBHxie: caMH mnejiH hmIioti KopMy 
6ojite qtati AociaToqHO^ ho 8to He KopMi ji;jifl bc^x'b jih^hhoki 
soo6n^e. 

MoseiTE cjiyqHTBCfl, ^to miviejiH, ceroAHA Be^epom npEHeoeH- 
Hue B'B KOMHaTy H sasipa yTpoMi nojiyqHBmie GBo6oAy BujiexaTB 
8a B8HTE0M'B, — Bce se yHnqTOxaiOTi jinqBHOSi. 

IIpBqHHofl ABjieBJfl — la se 6e8RopMHi^a, ho BUTeRaeii ona hsi 
ffpyroro BCTo^HHRa h noTOMy He tbrx oqeBHffBa, a HSieHHO, ona RejiHem^ 
^H CJl7b^cmeieM^ uapytueuiH HopMaMuazo omuoiueniH Meoicdy kojiu- 
Hecm60M^ npunjioda, uau, zoeOpn unane, KOJiunecmeoM^ pmoe^ u 
,pa6oHeu cujiou ceMbu, KaRi tojilro dTH OTHonieHifl HapymaiOTCA — a 
Kopsiy oTaaoBHTCfl Hej^ocTaxoqHO, no to3 jih npsqEHi^, qTo nruejiffMi 
B036paHfleTCfl nojiexi sa bsatromi, hjih, BOJit^cTBie Toro, qxo mMeJiH, 
6yAyqH nepeHeceHKr vh noBoe mIgxo desi BujuepssRH b'e rHt8A^, 
BBiJiexaH 8a BdJixROMi, ne B08Bpani[aH)xcA 6ojiie vh HOBoe Micxo, a 
j[h6o yjiexaioTi vh npeacnee, jiih6o xepflioxcn, He naxoAfl Aopora 
B'B HOBoe SHjEBBj^e. IIpoHcxojiiflniee, BCJiiACTBie dxoro, 0Gjia6iieHie 
-ceMLH HeMeji;jeHHO cRasuBaexcH Ha ycxaHOBHBmeMCH oxHomemE 
mesAy cnpocoMi na pa6oxy e en npeAJioseHieifE h Bej^exi 8a co- 
'fioK) H3JiHniHee coRpan^enie pxoBi. 

Heo6xoAHHO HM-fext Bi BH;^y xaRse, qxo tccmpeSjienie jiununom 
y mMejiefl oxHioABHe npeACxaBJiHexi C060K) hx% y6HBaHifl; a^jio orpa- 
HHqHBaexcfl xojibro i^why qxo npn 6e8RopMHA'& JiHqHHKH h anqRH 
ocxoposHO 6ep7xcH pa6oqHMH bi qejiioGXH h buhoobxgh npoqB nsi 
THtsAa. Cji;qaexcH HBorji;a, qxo xoHRan h HisHan o6ojioqRa nfiqa 
lonaexoA, coAepasHtfoe aona^aexi vh pors h niMeJiH ero naqEHaioxi 
coGaxB^ xaRi RaRi co^epsBMoe, oqeBB^HO, hmi RaacexGH BKycHBiMi. 
Ho 8x0 6biBaex'L pt^RO e HBJiflexcH eeezda A'i^iioMX cjryqaflHbiMi, 
qeM'B fl cqaxaK) b'e npaB*]^ saRjiioqBTb aoxoMy, qxo niMejiH — npes^e 
BGero, BSflBBiE Bfii][0 — xamax'L ero npoqB esb rHt8Aa, h npHHE- 
MaioxcH GOcaxB ero GOAepasEMoe xanx h jiehib xor^a, vji,^ e Ror^a 
o6oJioqRa afii^a noqewy - HH6yfl;B npopBeicE. Ecjih 6h Bcxpe6jienie 
flEm A'^jiajiocB A<2iE xoro, qxo6ii BocnojiBsoBaTLCH ^JiaROMUM'B Ey- 
GoqROMi", xo OHO npoHSBOAHJiocB 6u movmacT} ofcCy RaRi xojibko 
niMejiB nojyqEJi'B bosmokhocxb 8aBJiaA'l^xB flfin^OMi^ qero HHEOPAa He 
-'CHBaexx. 

TaEi se p^ASO yAaBajiocL MHt HagjiioAaxB cjiyqan ynnqxose- 

7* 



100 PyOOSOl BOrATOTBO. 

HiJI niMejIAMH JHHHHOEl, Bl> 6yKBaJII>H0M'E CMUCJlt CJEOBB. OWH'b 

H81 TasHXi GJiynaeBi a Ha6j[K)Aaja[i y Bombus terrestres. Pa6otifi 
micejib cna^ajia TaniHJii jEH^HHRy bsi raisAa, a noTOMi aa^ajii ee 
BucacueaTb. flsJieHie aiOy npBflHMaA bo BHHjiaHie BCRJinqHTejibHyK) 
ero p^ABOGTii, coBepoieHHO cjiyqaflfloe, h BnojiHt aeajiorfl^Hoe xoMy^ 
qio 6ujio GKasaao o BBicacuBaHiH Bflaa pa6oqHMib mMejiem. JIh- 
^BHKa, o^eBHAHo, 6iiJia pafleaa mMejieMi, h sor^a cjiai^KOBaTufl ex 
coKi nonajni eny bi poTi, to ohi Hatnejn ero roAHUMi a^b 

HBBIH. 

El csasaHHOMy Mfli ocxaeTC^E npHcoeABBBTLy ^to b OAHaa^u 
Enijii cjiy^afi sa6jiK)AaTB Tasoe BGTpe6jiesi6 Aununom, npoua- 
eodHu^eecn cumoto caMKoU Bombus terrestris. $aKn>, cb necoMHi&H- 
HOOTBK) yAOCTOBtpflDDiifi, Hmo MamepuHCKiU uHcmuHKrm y caMOKi 
no cBoefl noBxoJtorflqecKofi npapoAt BAqtMi ho oTJiB^aexcB oxi 
Toro, HTO M£i BflAHMi B y paOo^Bxi. Bcfl cepia ^bktob'b axoro 
poAB npeKpacHO ocBtn^aex'L ncBXOJioriK) «MaxepBHCKofi jljo6be*' y 
mifejiefl b ncBxojioris) bxi ajiBxpyBSJua, Bupasaioii^arocB bi bx'l 
3a6oxaxi o mojeoabixi noKOJiiHiBxi. 

Jl^pyrofi Bonpoci: cyiniecxByexi jib ncBxojiorB^ecRaa cbbsl MesAy 
npaiBBOfl, nopoamaro^efi A*Toy6iflcxBO b ea cjitACXsieMi? — $aKTH 

OXBi^qaiOXl, ^XO XaKOfi CBH8H HtXl B ?X0 SIBI BUtOMl A^Jio ci AByMB 

BesaBBCBHUMB BBCXBBKxaMB, BGorAa cjiiAyK)ii;BMB Apyn» 8a ApyroM'b 
xojibEO noxoMy, ^xo npE^BBu^ exi o6ycjioBJiBBaK)iiUB^ BcerAa cat- 
Ayroxi Apyrx sa Apyromi. 

Bi caMOMi ji!hji^: eojiB mu 6yAeMi ECKaxb ofiiBCBeaiB BBJieflia 
Bi jiorBEt o6n^ecxBeBfliiix'B naci^ROMLixi *), xo hu xox^aci so 
o^yxBMGB nepoA'B i^i^Jiuiii paAOMi secoodpasHOGxefi. 

Bi» xaROMi EBieBBO nojiojEesiB 0Ea8LiBaexGB Pomlobcx, seAoyiii- 
BaK)ni;ifi saAi xiBi'E, ci RaRofi GxaxB oc£i EcxpeSjiaK)^ jiBqBflOR'B 
nepoA'B 8BM0&^ RorAa oat a Gana norB6Byx'L bgji^a'b 8a bbmb^ b6o 
OGu, noAo6BO BiMejiaMi, ae nepesBMOBiiBa^xi? 

„Ecjia 6h Bce ^ejioai^ecxBO, — rjiydoEOMUCJieaao pasGyacAaexi 
no^xeaauft aaxypajiaGxi», — aa BGRJifo^eaieMX aeMBoraxi sean^aai^ 
611IJ10 o5pe?eBO aa nepioAaqeGRyfo raSejiB^ aaapajiii^p'L^ bx xuGa^y 
jrhTh paai, xo qxo 6jbi Bbiarpajio oao, yaaqxoaiaa sa atcROJiBRO 
M^GBiieB'B nepoA'B robij^omi RajBA^ro XHGaqejitxia bg^xi dojiBaux'B^ 
GyMacmeADiBxi a Apyri^ „6e8nojie3aBie pxH**? 

BoapoGi a Goo6paxceaia Goaepmeaao 6e3BJioABHe, rsri oorjia- 

GBXGB ^BXaxeJEB. 

OAtaaaaH ace aBjieaia ae ad hominem, oaa nojiy^aioxi aecBMa 
npooxoe ofiiacaeaie: aajiaiaocxB Eopaa a Apyraxi GooxBi^XGiByio- 
a^Bxx ^aRxopOBi fiuaBiBaexi ; maejiefi onpeAtJieaayK) pa6oxy: 



*} /loriycTHB'b y hhxtj cnoco6HOCTb K-b laKOMy, nanpHMtp-b, pa3cy)KiieHiK): 

JIH^HHOK-b HCHtM-b KOpMHTb, OHt MOryrb yMCpCTb, a pa3;iO)KeHiH HXTj TpynoB'b 

noBJiCHb BpeAHUH noc;itACTBiH AJiH ApyrHXTj /[HMHHOKT>, BCJit^CTBie qero BbiroAHte 
OMcepTBoaaTb ^acibio npHnjio^a, ntM-b pHCKOBaib Bceft o6iuHHofi. 



MlTBPflHOKAA JIIDBOBB. 101 

AOcxaBRa Kop^a bi H3BiGTHoe MioTo, ooTOBi H np.; OToyTCTBie Kopxa 
HJiH HeBOsacosHOOTb no TtMi HjiH j^pjvEWh npHHiHHaMi nocmaeumh 
jiuHuuKu (u nHV/a) vb Tpe6jeMBiA joJiOBia BuaEiBaerB Ki j^JiTeJiL- 
HocTH ffpyryro, — Tasi ae xoqao Haojit^cTBeHHO oiipej?4jieHHyi), — 
pa6oTy, 

Gi 8ToS ToqRH spiHifl (a ea cnpaBeAiiHBOGTb ycTaHaBjiEBaerL 

MHOaCeOTBO ^aRTOBl CaMUXl paSHOpOAHEIX'L $OpUl A^flTeJIBHOCTB 

mMejuefl), wh HCTpe6jD[eHiH JiHqHHOKi lArh Hnqero HenocTHSHMaro. 
Ocu npHHHuaiOTCH HCTpe6jiflTi> JiHqHHKH BOBce He' noTomy, qro 
He BtcTfc ci ijero y hhx% ^eneaanno ecnuccudaerm nezodoeanie npo- 
mue^ nepaaduaiuuxcH eme jiuhuhok^ u Kynojiom^^ a npocTO noTOMy, 
^TO npn^HHa ABjueBlA — „^OJIo;^OBKa" — HacTynaera ci ^BHesanHOH)*' 

OHJIOK) H On^yiHTejIBHOOTblO, HlceHHO Bl 8T0 Bpexff, a Cb dTHatl 

BMicTi, KaKi H y niMejie.A, BHesanHO BaMtHflioTCA e oahh hhctehktu 
;^py^flMH. 

TaEOBu ^aKTBiy BuflOHADii^ie Hani noHXH^ecsyi) npHpojuy A^- 
TejibHOCTH mHejiefi (h APyrnxi o6ii][ecTBeHHHXi HaoiROMUxi), 
KOTopafl BEipasaeTGff bi hxi saOoiaxi e yxo^t sa mojio^bk); ohh 
jiflJOTh Haifb ocHOBaHie nojiaraTb, ito MaTepHHCRin qyBCTBa aTH 
TaRi se oyn^ecTBeHHo oiJiH^aioTas oti aHajcornqHuxi qyBOTBi y 

BBICmEXl SHBOTHUX'B, RaR'b OHH OTJIfl^aiOTCE H y OAHHO^HEIXl 
SHBOTEHXl. 

y- 

nepeXOJUE OTl SesnOSBOHO^HUXl SEBOTHUXI RI nOSBOHO^HUMl, 

MU 611JIE 6hi Bi npaB% osBAaiB xotl a^tcb noji;TBeps;i(eHiA abpbhho- 

B03 J^ORTpEHU, no ROTOpoS MaTepflHOROe qyBOTBO SEBOTHUXli H 
^eJIOB^Ra TOSj^eCTBeHSU Bt OBOEXI 0CH0BHIIX1» CBOfiCTBaXl, E I^^GB 
ECRaTB OOEOBaHifi, qT06u ^BUBeGTH'' ^yBCTBO ^BJIOBiRa ESI Maie- 
pEHGROfi JIIK)6bH y SEBOTHblXl. $aRTBI JJ^ORaSUBaDTB, O^HaRO, TTO E 

lyn Mil BA^ewL ^tjio ci ^BJieHiHMH^ Ra^eGiBeHHO paajiH^nuME. 
HaqaTb Gi Toro, ^to y HEsniEX'B noBBOHoqHux'B, RaRi y 6e8ao- 

BBOHO^HHX'B SHBOTHUXl^ ^yBGTBO 9X0 HaopaBJieHO HO Ha SEBOS 

npe^iieTi, a Ha nfli^o. 

BoTB HTO HEffleTi HO BTOMy HOBOffy DcnEHaGx: 
^Bi SHBEE RaacAaro SEBOTHaro, o6j[aj];aK)ii];aro GROJiBRO-SEtfy^B 
GjiosHofi opraHEsai^iefi, Gyn^eGXByiorB ji;Ba iiepio;Q;a: oahhi, Ror^^a 
ero GoxpaHBHie o6e3ae^EBaeTGE npoueGGOMi HBJieHifi, hotfe egrjiio 
HBTejibHO MexaHEqecRaro (6e3G08HaTejibHaro), nopafliRa, h ;^py^oa — 
Ror;^a ero pasBHTie GOBepmaexGH no^ eoJibmEicb ejie MeEbmEifb 

BjdHHieH'b EBXeJIJieRTa ejie ^peJ^GTaBJIeHifi" (GXp. 340). „B08M03EH0GTb 

BjiiEHiE nGHXEqeGRHxi EBJieHifi; qETaeMi Mu ji;ajite, BOBpaciaerb no 

Mtp^ BOBB&imeHiH JltGTHHI^BI OpraflEBMOBl, E Bl ROSI^t ROHI^OB'B, 9T0 

BjiiEHie j^jiaeicH laREMi BEaHHxejibHUM'B, tfo, ogjie, HanpESftpi, 
BHj^jieHie HHxaxejibHofl se^rogxe 8o6Hb[MH 3Rejie8aMH roJiy6efl, ro 



102 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

TOpOK) OHH KOpMHTE CBOHXl nxeHi^OBi, nepBOHa^ajiLHO 6uio aBTO- 

MaTHqecKHifb, TO noBj^Hie 8T0 OTAtJieHie caMopaasHBajiooL^ BCJoriA* 
CTBie ncHXE^ecKHXi npEHBHi, T.-e. jiaTepHHCRofl jijo6bb^. 

JI^onycTHMi na MHHyTj, hto aia^ 6oj[te Him coMHHTejiBHaA^ 
AoraAsa onpaseAJUHBa, h nocMOipHMi, hto roBopjm h Kasi corjia^ 

CJDTCff Cb HeiD ^ERTU. 

OsasBiBaeTCH, hto b'l orpoMHOMi noAasjiBniaeMi 6ojiBmHHCTBi^ 
cjiy^aeai pbi6bi bobcb jiHineH£i MaxepHHCKaro ^jBCTBa, KOTopoe 
cocTaBjifleTL 8A%CB Kpafiee pi^soa Hcun^eHie. OKaauBaeTCE, BM^cTi 
ci Ttifb, HTO HH no cjiosHOCTH CBoero o6pa8a shshe, he no pasEO- 

O6pa8il0 EECTEBKTOBl, Tt pil6u, ROTOpUE EG npOEBJDLElOTl MaTepflfl- 

cRaro "^yscTBa, Ee tojibro Ee otohti Esse Tixi, KOxopuE em% 
EaA^jieEu, EO ^acTO 6e8ycjiOBEo npeBocxoAEXx nocji^AHflX'b. E.vh 
8Toro caMO co6oio Gji^ji,jerh, cxaso 6iiTb, hto, bgjie MaxepEECEaE 
jiK)6oBi> ecTB A'^jio cossaHJH, xo OE oxcyxcxeie ecxB xose aRxi 
codsaEiE. 

Fffi se fl Bi HOMi ECRaxB npfl^EEy xanoro EBJieBiE ch xohkE' 
8piBiE 8B0JiK)iiiE MaxepEECRaro ^yBCXBa? 3xox% Bonpocb ocxaBjiEexcE 
aExopoifb 6681 oxBi^xa. 

Jlajite, 0Ra8UBaexcE, ^xo, nocROjEBRy mu sEaeMi, pa8BExie axoro 
qyscxBa cxoExi Bst BcsRaro oxEomesiE Kb reEesEcy pii6i e,. 

npeAGXaBJIEECB ECRJUO^EXeJIBEEIMl BEAOBUMl npE8EaR0Ml, EO JUBlBTB 
BO8MO2BEO0XE EOCXpOEXB EERaROfl BOGXOAEE^efi JltCXEEI^U. HaROEOHil, 

ORasBiBaexcE — s 8x0 nyERxi, oco6eEEO 8axpyAEExejiBEufl, — hxo xam^ 
rn* 8a6oxH noxoMCXBt cy^^ecxByH)^B, ^pojiB po^Bxejiefi nepeM*- 
EiaEu^, E MaxepEECRoe ^yBcxBO npoEBjUEexca se caMROio, a caMi(0Mi. 

CaMI^Uy XaRl Ba8UBaeMlIXl, MOpCREXl ErOJOEl E MOpCREXl ROSBROBl 
SOCEXl EEHRE, OXJIOSeEEBIE CaMRaME, Bl 0G060M'B BUBOAROBOM'b 

M^nrRi; rBt8A0 ^npicBOBOffHaro fiH^Ra" (Cottus gobio) ycxpan- 
BaexcE caMi^OMx; caxi^Bi nEsaropa ejie Rpyrjioaepa oxpaEEnxi 
Efli^a, CEecesEUE caMRaME, e bubo^ex'b Ea CBoefl cnnsi jifiTeBU- 
mefl Bi oxRpuxoe Mope; caMuu ROJiionieR'B (gasterostens) ae xojiBRa 
cxpoExi raisAa, eo BxajiREBaioxi bi esxi 6epeMesEBix'B caiiORi 
B 8aroflEK)xi MOJiOAHXi pu6oRi Bi cjiyqat onacEOCXE; no Ea6jiK)- 
AesiEM'b Kap6oEBe, caaiei^i ryapaiia (o^Ha fl8i jia6EpEEX0BB[Xi^ 
Ph6'b), noAo6EO MopcREMi ROEBRaifi, noMoraexi cboemi canRaifB 
HexaxB ERpy e noMiEi;aexx ee sa rs^BAt nj[aBaK)ni;BXi ny8HpBR0B'B, 
Roxopne OEi conpoBoacAaexi e noAA^psEBaexB bhjioxb ao BHJiyn- 

JieEiE HOJUO^E. 

Mu BEaeifb, HaROEeii'b, A&Ke xaRiE opErEEajUBEUfl $opMH ^Maxe- 
pEECRoS 8a6oxj[EBocxE^ cEMiia: BL TEBepiajucROMi osepi cyn^e- 
cxeyioxi ph6£i gromis pateriamillias, caiii^Bi Roxopuxi coxpaEEfox^ 
E BuxaacHBaiox'B ao Asyxcoxi mojioaijxx pu6oR'b vh CBoefi rjioxRi 
E Ha6epsofl nojuocxn; no E8CJiiA0BafliEM'B Jlopxe, Ror^a caiiRa CEe- 
cexi Eflua Bx xpocxBHKi, cajiei^x npH6jiHasaexcE ki 8X0My Mtciy b 
nocpeACXBOMi BoacuBaEia aacTaBJiEexi exx Bofixn rx ce6£ bx poxx^ 



M4TBPHH0RAA JEIOBOBL. 103 

a saTiMi— 'Bt npoMesyTOKi Measly aBa6epHHMH jienecTKaMH; no^TH 
Toase HafijHDffaeTca y i^eftjiOHCKofl Arias Bookei h y owofl aMasoH- 

cKofi fu6u. 

KaKX ae 6htb ci 8thmh $aKTaMB? KaEi yjiossHTB xom 6h (ao 
MH*Hiio aBTopa) h coaHaTejibHyiD MaTepHHCsyH) juofioBb pii6*E bi 

OCHOBy MaTepHHCKOfl Jri)6BH BHCniHXl nOBBOHO^HHXl 3KHB0THHXI? 

BoiTE KaRi dTO A^jiaei'L 9cnHHaci>. 

„POJ^HTeJD[H aCHBOTHHX'E, OTOamEXl HHSe MJieKOnHTaiDmHXl H 
nTHAl, — rOBOpHTl* aBTOpi, — SHaDTTb HiqTO TOMl, HTO oofliepatHT'E 

Bi ce6t afiAO, h bto h4too cjiy»HT% onpe^^JieH hhmi HMnyjiLCOMi 

CJIO»HHXi aBTOBl, KOTOpUMH npOHBJiaeTCa JIID60Bb" (cTp. 344). 

^PyKOBOnacB cMyxHoft Bfl;eefl, — npoffOJiaaeT'E asTopx, — ph6u chh- 
xaDTi afii^a xaKHMH »e shbumh cymeoTBaMH, KaKi oh* caain, h, 
cjitAOBaTejiBHO, Hy»Aai)mHaiHca, KaKi oh* caMH, bi HSBtCTBOft 
oxpant H yxofft**. 

Ha oqepefljB, ofl,HaKO, BHOTynarorL HOBbia saxpyfliHeHia: bo nep- 
BHxi, no»ieMy »e, fljonycTHBi y pu&h HaiH^iHOCTB laKHXt noBHanifl 
cofljepKHMOMi afi^a, asTopt KaTeropn^ecKH oxpniiaeTE ee y »h- 

BOTHMXT* eeSnOBBOHO^HHXl? „Y HHBmHXl 3KHB0THHXI, — POBOpHrE 

OBi, — HanpHMtpi, y acn;Hffifi, coxpaearomBXi aflnja noffx obohm'b 

M^niKOMl, H y MOpCKHXl BBtSffl, OTBOAamEXX KM% JltCTa UOfli^t 

i^eHTpajEBHod lacTLH) CBoero itJia^ npoemo ueMucjiuMO o6'BacHHTb 
AaHHoe aBJioHie KaKHMi-jiiH6o onpe^-fejieHHHMi Dpej^CTaBJEeaieMi, a 
rtMi MOflte npe^yoMOTptBieMi". — ABTopx, pasyMtexca, ee «aera 
OTBtxa Ha Bonpoci:— no^OMy me xaKoe jnonymenie npeRCTaBjaeToa 
no OTHomeHiK) ki aci^HfliiaMi HeifUCJiHMHM'E, a no oTHomeHiio kb 

pH6aMl He TOJBKO MHCJIHMHM'L, HO H Heo6xOAHMMMi; «a TaEOPO 
OTBi^Ta H HOJEbSa JlJAHh BOBCe! 

Jl^pyrofl nyHKTE aaTpy^HeHia eme cymecTBeHHte. Ecjih ph6h 
BflaioTT. Hft«rTO o ooffepaaniH aHi^%, to no^euy ace ne caiiKH, koto- 
paa HXi OTMa^HBaDTE, npoaBJiaioTE no oTHomeniio Ki hhm'e Maie- 
pHHCKyro Jiio6oBb, KaKi bto ojit^oBajio 6u saBJiioqHTb h31» xaKora 

SHBHiH, a caMi^u? 

Hefl,opa3yMiHie 3To laKi cyn;eoTBeHHO, ito wa Toro, oto6bi evb 
Hero bhAth, aBTopy noHaAo6HJiocb Kt ^peJ^^OJIoaeHilD 061 8M6pio- 
jiorHTOCKHX'b noBHaHiaxt y pwdi npHOoeji;HHHTb eni;e oji;ho npe^ino- 
jioxeHie, ne Mente pHcsoBaHHoe h en^e 6ojL^e rojrociiOBHoe. 

HsBioTHO, iTO onjiOftOTBopeHie y ph6'e npoHcxoffHTi ne BHyxpH 
Tijia caMBH, a bh* ero: caM^H npnnjiHBaiOT'ii Ki oTJiojKeHHHM'b oaM- 
KOK) an^saifb h o6jrHBai)rb hxi oajiofl;OTBopaH)nt9K) aHfliKOcxbiD. 
Tas'B BOTi, Bi BXHxi-xo onJio^^oxBopaion^HX'b xi&JIb^axl», no mh^huo 
9oaHHaca, a sa HHirb h JKapo, cbmi^h xojse BHfl;ax'B tocxh caMHX'b 
ce6a, KaKi caMKH BH^axB axH qacxH bi oxKJianHBaeMHXi hmh 
ati^axi, H, BCj^bACXBie axoro, cxapaioxca 061 hxt* oxpaneniH, h6o 

C^HXaiDTl HXl SHBUMH. 

Ho, cnpaniHBaexca, no^eiiy se hmohho na caiti^a, a ho Ha caMKy 



104 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

na^aiorL iiaTepHHCsiA 8a6oT£i, eojH causa lose c^Hraen sbbkmh 

OTjioseHHEiJi en nfli^a h xoase bb^bti bi hexi ^acTb caMofl ce6A? 

„A noTOMy,— -oTBtHaeTE BcnHHacE, — hto caneicii nocjitOTHMi> 

HSBepraeTb BOcapoHSBOAfiniijK) shakoctb na afli^a, a oaMKa, KOTopyio 

BTOTL npOI^eCCl HtOKOJILSO yj^aJIB6Tl OTl BBXl, B6 HoaKeTb 6ojiie 

pacnosHaiB CBoefl Hspu b% HeycToft^BBofl cpe^t^ r^t ona ee ve- 
Tajra" (cTp. 346, 347). 

Ho ecjiH Tasi, to, bo Bctxi cjEy^aBxi, Kor^^a caMKa bhahti 

OTJIOSeHHUA eiO AH^RH, H JHOTJ^SL HH^TO HB MimaeTb IipOBBJieHlD 

ea MaTepHHCKofi Jiio6Bfl, ona AOJisna 6yAeTii TaKOByn BMiTi» b 

npOHBJIflTL. 

BuBO^'E dTOTB, o^eBB;i;Bo, BeH86iseB'B; oEasuBaeTCB, o^^HaKO, hto 
H BA^cb $aKTii ptmHTejuLBO Be yKJiaAUBaDTCfl ci» rHnoTesofl. 

Oabh HBi aiBxi ^aKTOBi jQiOsasuBaiorL aaifE, qio, npH BsyTpen- 
HeHi onjio;i;oTBopefliH, canei^i, xoxb h Be bhj^bte onjiOAOTBopjnQiuefi 
sb;q;roctb, ojuHaRO 8a6oTflTG£r o noTOMCTBt, a ci Apyrofi CTopoBiii 
MHorie npBMipu AORasuBaioT'B Hani, ?to caMsn, nps tom% se Bay- 
TpeBBeMi onjioffOTBopeBiH, xotb b bbabtb OTRjiaj^iBaeifUB bb^rb, 
B xoTH HBKTO Be M:6niaeTi bmi ocTaBaTbCfl npa sbx'l 6e30Tjiy?H0, 
OABaRo He o6HapyacBBaH)Ti no OTHomeHiio si HBtti BHRaRoro MaTe- 
psHGRaro qyBCTBa. 

TasBMi o6pa30M%, Bci pascysj^efliB aBTopoBi o tomi, hto Bfli^a 

OXpaHBIOTCfl pu6aMH, SeMHOBOAHBIMH, npeGMUSaK)BlBMHCB B HTBI^aMB 
nOTOMy, ?T0 SBBOTBBIB 8TB Hlf&IOTl ^GMyTHyiO BAeD HXl CO^ep- 

sanis^ b 8a6oTHTCB o bbxi nOTOMy, ^to bbabti bi» bhxi qacTB 
caHoro Ge6H — 6e8ycjiOBHO pacxoABTCB gi $asTaMH. A OTGD^a yase 
caMO C06010 cji^Ay^Ti, HTO o6nxaa h^ob aBTopoBX o tomi, ^to 

6yAT0 6hl npa^HHOK) MaTepSHCROfl JIIOSbH nOSBOHO^HUXl BBJOESeTCB 

BBxepecE, ROTopnfi BGBRoe SHBoe Gyn^eoTBO nsTaerb ri caMOiiy 

Ge6t H GBOHMl HaGTBM^E, B, CTBJIO 6eITB, Rl BBIA^JIBeMEIlfE HMH nO- 

jiOBUMi npoAysTaMi, — He BUAepsHBaeTi rpbthrb. 

Mu nojiaraeMi, BCJi^AOTBie dxoro, tto no OTHomeHiio K'h yRa- 
BaHHoS rpynai^ noBBOHO^HUxi shbothhxi bobmosho tojibro o^bo 
TOJiROBanie nps^HHii MaxepHBGRaro qyBCTBa, a BMeHHO ^^yscTBO aTO 
y HHainHxi (mbi yBHAHMi hotomi, hto h y Bucmnxi) nosBOHOHHux'E, 

RBRl H y BGi^Xl 6e8n08BOHO?H£rX'B eCTL qyBCTBO BGRJTDHBTeJIBHO 

HHCTBHSTBBHoe; ^TO BT> OGHOB^ ero jieKBTi opraHH^ecRio HatnyjiBOEi^ 
ABJieRO He BGer^a h bo bg^xi rpynnaxi TOSA^GTBeHHue; ^to sth 
OCBOBH, RBRl B MHoroo6pa8HUA $opMu npoBBJiefliB MBTepsHGRaro 
^ysGTBa, npeACTaBjiBK)Ti He fiojite, rbri oahhi hbi bbaobux'e nps- 

BHBROBl, B% ROTOpOMl HB GOSHBHie^ HH BOJIB He HrpaDTl HHRBROfi 

pojiH. H, 6htl Mosexi, tojibro y hthh'l, yse nocjii Toro, rbri^ 

BUJUynHJIHCB HOJEOAHe IITeHABI, Rl A'&^TeJII>HOCTH HHGTHHRTHBHOfi 

npHGoeABHfliOTGs HeMHorie MOiceHTu GOSHaniB h bojih He gtojibro 
Bi GBMOMi ^yBGTBi juo6bb, grojibro Bi npieMBXi oxpaneHiB mojeo- 

AHXl OTl OnaGHOGTH. 



HATEPHHOKAA JIlDBOBb. 105 

Hani ocTaexofl, TaRHMi o6pa30Mi, ji,jia BuacHe^ifl npHqHHii Maxe- 

pHHCKOfi JIK)6bH H 68 npHpOAU J ^ejOfOBiKa, paSGMaTpHBaTB OffBHl 
TOJBKO KJiaCCE, — HJieKOnHTaiDH^HXl, GOCiaBJIflnilUfi KaiUK) Bl Hopi 

asHBOTHuxi cyiaecTBi, HaBcerAa OTRasaBinHCB orh BUBeAemA aroro 
qjBCTBa orh HHsmHxi, He tojibko 6e8no8BOHoqHiixi, ho h dobbo- 

HO^HUXl SHBOTHBIXl. 

06pam;aiiCB ki KJiacoy HjEeRonHTaiDQ^HX'B, mh saiiiqaeM'b, npeaine 
Bcero, ?T0 7 Boixi hhxi MaTepHHCKan jik)6obb cyiaecTByerB Bcer;Q;a; 
y Bcixi oaMsa, KpoMi monotremata, poasAaerB shbuxi A'^TeHumeS 

H, HaKOHei^l, BCt OHi KOpMATl HXl BJUAtjeHieM'b MJ[eKOOTAi^JIHTeJI&- 

HKixi sejiesi. 

^TO se MOserL 6utb npHSHano ochoboh) hxi MaiepHHCKofi 
jdd6bh, eji npH^HHOK)? 

dcnHHaci, pasyMtexcfl, yTBepasAaeTi, ^to axa npH^nna jiesHTL 
Bi TOMi, ^0 A^TH, 6y;(yqH hoxoshmh Ha MaTS (yTBepa^enie — He 
€OBciHi To^Hoe: y exH^Hu h yTKOHoca ero hItl BOBce, h6o bto 
SHBOTHUii He SHBopoffffn^iA, a Hfli^eBJiaAyni^ia; y oyMqaiux'B xaRoe 
€X0ACTB0 6e8KOHeqHO AaJoieRoe) ba^cb yse 6e8i ipyjia ysnaioTOH eiD, 
H ^T0 caMRa, xaRHMi o6pa80M'By jik)6htb bi hexi qacTB caMofi ce6H. 
diHMi cnoco6oMi paBcys^eHiH nojiyqaeTOH Tpe6yeMafl obabb Haxe- 
pHHCRaro qyBCTBa buchihxi nosBOHoqHux'b c% hhsoihmh; nojiyqaexGA 
^axe jRejiaeMaH jitcTHHi^a b% cbhsh cl BBOjuiDmeft sHBOiHaro i^ap- 
cTBa. Cnaqajia cosnaHie h ajifia o tomi, ^to HRpHHRa ecTL oyn^e- 

€TBO SHBOe H COGTaBJUfleTB ^aCTB CaifRH, CMyTHU H HejIOHU, nOTOMl 

OHH cTaHOBHTCH Bce ffCH^e H onpeA^JieHHie. MaxepHHCRoe qyBCTBo 
BKrreRaerB, no MHiniiD dcnHHaoa, H8% cuMnamiu h coanameJibHazo 
^ocmpadaHifi hih yqacTin ri Tony, qxo cocxaBJuiexi „nJioxB qtl 
njEoxH^ MaiepH-caMRH. Bi ceMBt 8xh qyBcxBa nopos^aDxi npHBA- 
BaHHocxB H ji]o6oBB ffpyFL Ri Apyry. <l>aRxu CBHA%xejiLcxByv)xi Ham, 
o^HaRO, qxo qyBcxBO MaxepHHCRofl jiio6bh y MJieRonHxaiDn^BX'B sh- 
BoxHiixi HBJiHexcH xaRHMi SO hhgxhhrxhbhbimi>, RaRi H y ApyrHxi 

SHBOXHHXi; OHH GBH^^'ftxejIBCXByDX'b^ ^aJlte, XOMl^ ^T0 npHHHHH 

dxoro noGJit^Hflro qyBCXBa, KaRi h y Bcixi OGxajiBHuxi shbox- 
HEixi, Jiesaxi B% opraHHqecRHX'B HMnyjiBGaxi, uwh RoxopBixi rjnaB- 
HftSmie BA^GB, — bi npe^tJiax'B RJiacca MJieRonnxaiDni^HX'B, npe^Gxa- 
BjiflDXGH xo»AeGXBeHHUHH^ a noxoMy H GHMufl HHGXHHRXi o6n^epaG- 
spoGxpaHeHHUM'B H GxoAHBiMi. Oahhm'B HQ1> XaRHXl opraHH^eGRHXi 

HHOyjIBGOB'B ffOJURHO G^HXaXB, B^pOHXHO, ROpifJieHle A^XeHUmefi MO- 

jiOROM'B MaxepH. 



106 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 



VI. 

Ki RaKHMit se ROHe^BUMi BUBOAam dprboaati Haci hbjo- 
seHHue Bi HacTOfln^efl ciaTbt ^asTu h coo6paseHiA, oBepxi Tixi, 
KOTopue yxce 6£Ijih cA^^jiaHU Bume? 

BUBOAU 8TH MOSHO ^OpMJJIHpOBaTB Bl pHA^ BH2KeCJI%A7H)n(H£& 

nojEOseHifl. 

1) MaTepHHOKoe ^yBCiBO, pasyMta noA'B sthmi. TepMHEOMi pas- 
HopoAHUfl $opMu oTHomeHiS MaiepH kt> noiOMCTBy, ee mosotb c^h- 
xaTLGA qyBCTBOMX o6ni;epacapocTpaHeHHBiM'b. Bojiie Toro: npHHEMas 
BO BHEMame, ^to bo MHornxi 0T;^'6jD[ax'i» shboihuxii cx orpoMHUMS 
qHCJiOMi npe;^CTaBHTej[eS uaTepHHCKoe ^yBCiBO cooTaBJUEeTi bhao- 
boS npHSHaKi ^ajioKO ne Bctxi, a HHori^a oneHB HeMHorHxi, mu 
nojiyqaeMi ocHOBaHie noJiaraTB, ^to j^jdle 6ojiBmHHOTBa rpynni oho 
aBR&eTOOi CKopte HOKJiio^eHieH^E, ^tics npaBBJioMi. 

2) reHesHci h pasBBTie iiaTepHHCKaro ^yBcxBa b'b pasHuxi rpyn- 
nax*!. acHBOTflaro i^apcTBa pasjiH^flu, h noxouy sai^aqa ^BiiBeGTH^ 
3BOJiioi^ioflHBiHi nyieM'B npHqHHBi MaTepBHCRaro qyBCXBa oahoA 
rpynnu aKDBOXBaro napcxBa hb'l APyrofl npe^cxaBjiffexcH bi xaKofl 
se cxeneHH njioAoxBopflofi h say^Bofl, KaKX ecjiH 6u Kxo-Hfl6yAB 
Ha OGHOBanin o6ii];hooth 6iojiorH?ecRflX'L sa^a^i h yGJioBifi boshbs- 
HOBeniH nojioBuxx npHSHaKOBi, KaKHMH EBJiHioxcE, HanpHM^pi — 
pora GaMi^OBi, hxi tojiogi, tix'l 6jieGXHii^ee onepeBie, ci i^^jilio 
OBJia^ixii GaMEofi^ nossejtajn 6u bbibbcxh vltb reEexE^eGKE APy^ 
on izipyra. JlBjieHie xoro^ ^xo EasuBaexGE MaxepEEGKEiix ^yEGXEOifB 
6^ odjiacmu ncuxoAOziuy ^pe;^GxaBJIaeTCH no^xE bi xaKofi ace Gxe- 
neHE pasjiE^HLiMi, KaEi yEadaHHue nojioBxae npESEasE bi o6jiiaGXE 
Hop^ojioriE. 

3) Jl^ase xavx, vjifk dxs reHesECu e pasBExie Moryx'B e^ExaxLGA 
GXOAHUBifl (bi npeA'i^Jiax'L o^soro EJiaGGa, sanpEMi^pi), GxenesB pas- 
BflxiA MaxepEscsaro ^yBGXBa ^aJieEO se BGer;Qi;a EMiexi xaRys) gbesb 
Gi» BOGxo;i;Eni;efi b'e dBOjiioAioHHOM'b nopEj^K^ i^tnbK) opraEE^eGREX'b 
Gyni;eGXB'b j^assofi rpynnu^ RaRyio 8a Eefi npe^DOJiaraioxi aaxopu^ 
sejiasomie BUBeGXE MaxepEHGRyio jih)5obl ^ejiOBiRa ebi axoro ?yBGXB& 
y EEsmEX'b SBBOXEBixx. Majto xoro^ mu paGnojiaraeiix ^aRxaME^ 
Roxopue AORasHBaroxi, ^xo, no Mtpi pasBExin rpynnx RJiacGa, y 
HiiROXopux% 6e3no3BOBOHHHX'B acEBOXEBixi MaxepBEGEoe qyBOXBO 
MOsex'E Ee yGJiosEEXBGE E yGEjiEBaxLCE^ a man sa maroHX GJia6txB» 

E, HaROHei^'B, ECqeSHyXB BOBGe, RaRl MH 8X0 BBABMl y nayROBi. 
4) TOXL ^aRXl, ^XO, pE^OH'b Gl RJiaGGaME SEBOXEHX'EyB'bROXO- 

puxi MaxepEHGRaE jiK)6oBB, no M^pi reflexE^eGRofi 8B0jrK)i],iE, GEGxe- 
HaxE^eGRE cjia6i^eTi| oy^^eGXByK)X•B APyrie RuaGGEi, ebi Roxopuxi. 
oji;he npeji;exaBjiflH)r'E npEM^pu gi pasBEXum nyBcxBOKX MaxepEH- 
<jEofi jik)6be, ejb ero hojiehmx oxcyxGiaieMx, fieax BCERaro oxho^ 



MATSPHHOKAA JIIOBOBB. 107 

meHifl K'h reHesHcy KJiacca (KaBi» aro mh bb^hu, HanpsMipi, 7 
HacisoMuxx), a Apyrie — npHuipu Bcer^a HajiH«iHaro h HeHSMtHHa 
jCHJiHBaioii^arocA qyBcxBa MaxepHHOSofi jik)6bh qo Mipi reneTHqe- 
CKaro pasBHiifl Kaacca (Kasi mbi axo bhj^hmi y iiJiieKonHTanmiflX'L), — 

^aSTL QTOTby Bl CBOH) O^epe^B, CJiyaCHTl JHOKasaiejIBCTBOM'B Toro, 

qTO reHesHci h pasBHiie MaxepHHCKofi jik)6bh, b'b pasHUXi rpyn-^ 
naxi ffiHBOTHaro i^apcTBa, pasjiH^Hu: bi to BpeMA^ Kasi y oahexi, 
SjiaroAapA 8thm'b npH^HHaifE, bobmokhu o^Ht ^opiiu h oahhi nyxB 
pa3BHTiH aioro ^yBoxBa, y APy^Hxi ^ojisbu 6ujih abexboa jxpyriA 
$opMbT H jipyrie nyxH. 

5) y MJieKonflxaioiniHxi ssboxhbixi oj^hok) hsi npHqHH'B Maxe- 
pHHCKaro HyBcxBa EBJinexcfl KopMJieHie A'^^^HumeS ox^tjieHieMi 
MJLeqHuxi sejiesi; h xaKi Kasi 9x0x1 oxHMyji'B aBjuiexca y BCixi 
HHxi) 6681 HCEuiK)qeHiH, oAHHifb H xtMi XQy xo H npH^Hfla Maxe- 

pHHGKOfi JIJ06bE MJIBKOUBXaiOn^HXl 3BHB0XHLIX'L MOSBXl C^HXaXBCA 
O^HOpOAHOfl. 

6) npnpoAa MaxepHHcsaro qyaoxBa MJEeKonHxann^Hxi shbox- 

HBIX'B (KaRl H BCtxi ApyrHXl) 6e3CnOpHO HHCXHHKTBBflajr^ H XOJIbKO 

y Bucmnx'B npe^GxaBBxejiefl KJiacca k'b HHCXHHKxaMi, cocxaBJiax)- 
n^HM'B en ochobj h cyiii;HocxB, upHcoeAHHAioxcA ajieMOEXu pasyMa. 

7) MaxepEHGKaE jiK)6oBb qejioai^Ka — qyBcxBO cjioacEoe: QOOSojiBKy 

OHa flBJTfleXGfl ESGXSEKXflBEOlD, Ofla fle XOJIBKO CXOASa, HO H TOMJlfi' 

cxBOHHa ch xiMi, qxo MBI BEAEui y poACXBeHHBix'E ^eioBtsy rpynni. 
suBOXHBixi. Osa oxjiE^aexcA orb MaxepEHGsaro qyBCXBa bxhxi no- 
cji'^AHEX'b xi^ifB SHa^ExejiBHte, q^Mi 6ojii>nie6 ^egjio hhcxhhkxbb-^ 
HUX'B aKxoBi B% eH npoaBjieHiE saMtHflexca aKxaME paayMEBinE. 

Bote bi 8x01111 xo Monenx^ e JiearHxi oabhi ubi, Moni;HBLX'B^ 
Ecxo^HflKOBib 6opB6£i djeifeEXOBi asxHGOAiajiBHux'B cL djieMenxaMH 
o6ii](ecxBeHHOGXB Bi lejioB^qeGXBi. J^osxpEHU yqeHux'B mugjiexo- 
jiefi *)f Koxopuxi MLi EMtjiE wh Bfl^y npE ESJioaceHiE npeAEexa e 
KOxopuE jiesaxi b% ocHOBi B038ptHiS Ha npflpoAy MaxepESGsaro 
qyBGXBa H Ha ea pojiB bi coBEAasiE combe e o6m;eoxBeHHOcxE, ps- 
cyiox^ nepoA^ naMH KapxEsy 8B0JiK>i^iH, aa^^so ho GooxBtxcxByH)niyi> 
aMgxbhxojbhogxh. CyAfl HBjieHiExi ch exi xo^ke sptniE, mbi, 
cpeAE 6e37EGJieHHaro qsojia xasbjibixi BonpoGOBi i^EBEJiEsai^iE, mo- 
soMi Ge6fl qyBCXBOBaxB hoeoAhbime, xoxe 6bi b'b G$ept xtx'L hs'b 

HEXl, KOXOpBie CXOHXl BX GBflSE H o6yGJIOBJEBaK)X0E yKaSaHHBIME 
AOSXpEHaME. 

MaxepEscKaE jik)6obb — axo BOJiEKoe^ o6HHMaK)niee bogb acEBOXHBifi 
Mipit qyBGXBO, xaan^ee wh ce6t sajion o6iiiecxBeHHOGXB; BoaA'l^) na. 
BGtxi cxyQeHEXi acEBOXHaro i^apGXBa, OHa oaehbeobo npespaGHa h, 
pasBEBaECb BGerAa bi oahomi sanpaBJieHiEy bi Rosi^t kohi^obi, 
npEBOAEXi &% npeKpacHi^fiaieMy hsi xoro, ^iMi o6jiaAaex'B o6Q^ecxBa 
jiDAefi: 6paxcKofi jijd6be btl apJi^ B'b .^pyi'I* ssaEMonoMon^E e eih-^ 



*) Jltipuana, KoHia-JTH/pe. 



108 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

poKOMy ajibTpyHdacy^ soTopoe ^BJifleTGH Ha^j^esHtflmBSfb i^eMeHTOMi 
Bucmeft $opMU o6mecTB8HHOCTB— rocy^apcTBa. 

Jl^jra CBoero BpeneHH h caMUH btb haob, h pesroiie, ri ROTopovy 
OHt np?Boj];flTT, H aa^^aiB, KOTopuB bmh aaMiqaioTCB, Boe bto 6ejjio 

HOBO, BCe 6I1IJIO HeCpaBHeHHO 6jIB3Ke SI £0788*6, ?%Ml roonoAOTBO- 

BaBmie ji;o. aioro TeoiorflqecRiB h MeTa^esH^ecRifl Boasp'bBiff nHca- 
TBJiefi Toro BpeBfOHH. IIo nipt HaRonjieHiB nayqearo Marepiajia, 
CTaHOBHJiOGB^ o^HaRo, Bco 6oj[te oqeBHjuBLiMX, qTO MHoroe, RasaBineecff 
HCTHHoB ryni;e h rynie aoMeprHBaeTCB j^uafRofl coMB^HiB, a TaHi, 
Tjifb OTOBJia flenpejiOHCBaB jOjORTpHBa BOSHHRaerE Bonpoci. Tm;aTejiB- 
Hufl H aoApo6HK[fl aaaji'Rdi MaTepHHCRaro qyBCTBa h% i^apcTBt sen- 
BOTBuxi, a He npooTaa aaajioriH axoro qyacTBa ci TtMi, qro mh 
npHBURjiH cBBSUBaTB CI* HHMi* Bi qejiOB^qecRofl SH8HH (stpHte, Ha- 
BBSMBaxb evy ao npnqHHaM'L h cooSpaHseniBU'E, JiesRan^HMi BBica- 
Moro HBjieHiB), — npHBOAHTi Haci Ri saRjiioqeHiH), qTO RapiBna re- 
HesHca h dBOJiioi^iH axoro qyBCXBa, HapncoBaHHaH Ha $0Bt ji;aHHOM'L 

laRHMH MBICJIHTeJIirMH, RBRHMH 6bIJIH ^apBHBli H KOHTE, rp'finiHTl H 

Vb pBoyHR'6, H B% R0Mn08Hi];iH, HO HcapaBJieHiH ROTOpUXl ooBep- 

meHHO H paAHRaJIBHO HSMtHfleTl CBOfl GMUCJIl). 

He ji^ymeBHoe oaoRoficTBie aopox^^aex's ona^ nocji'^ xaRBxi no- 
npaBORi; ne 6a3Hcx, na ROTopoaii cb yBtpoHHOCTBio h HaAesji;oS 

M02KH0 6kIJI0 6u CTpOHTB „0CH0BU JEBSHH^, 06paiItaBCIi Rli ROTO- 

puifL, Mu BcerAa MoacoMi aojiyqaxb TBep^yH) rapaHxiH) bi cnpaBeji- 
jiBROMi ptmeHin cnopnoro h 6ojiLHaro Bonpoca; He 6jiaroAyHiie, 
a xpeBory B036y»fl;a©TTb HOXHHa, ne ycnoRoeaie, a 6opB6y BeAexx 
ona sa co6oh), 6opB6y xaaeayB), fl6o, b% ROHi^t rohHob-b, ohb cbo- 
j^xcfl Ri ROCMHqecROMy npHHUinny 6opL6u i;eHxpo6txcHaro naqajia 
01 ^eHxpocTpeMHxeJIBHHM'B. MaxepHHCRoe qyBCXBO, — bi CBoefl ooho- 
b%, y Bcixi acHBOTSBixi, rjiy6oRo pasjinqancB no cBoeuy renesHcy 
H pasBBxiH), no CBoefl ncBxojiornqecRofi npHpoA'6 h CBOeny 6iojio- 
THqecROMy BHaqemio, HMiexi o^Hy oqeBB BaacHyio qepxy cxo;n;oxBa, 
Roxopofi H yiiMinjieHHO en^e hh pasy ne roBopHJU. Bo Bctxi 
cJiyqaBxi, Ror^a qyBCXBO axo Moaexi ohxb HOHcxaxHpoBaHO, — oho 
co^poBoac;^aexcH qtaii-xo, qxo aBxopu nasHBaioxi HyeemeoMh co6cm' 
eennocmu: ;,MaxB CMyxHo qyBCXByexi (bi BHqRax'B) qacxB caMOfl 
ce6fl"; ^BX qyBOXBi Maxepn HejiBSH MCRJiioqaxL tideu codcmdenuocmu, 
RBRi o;i;Hy hsi npoqHHX'B ochobb CHMnaxia. ^MaxepHHCRoe qyscxBO 
npefl;nojiaraex% Hfl;eio nofl;qHHeHHoft co6cxBeHHOCXH" h x. a » h x. fl. 

npaBfl.a, qyBCXBO bxo oxMtqaexcH aaxopaMH nonyxHO, h wh 
Toro, rJiaBHHMi ofipaBOMi, qxo6ij, npn ero noMomn, o6ibchhxb 
npe;i;nojiaraeMoe ci bxhmi bm^gx^ qyBCXBo „G0CTpa;i;aHiH r'b ojiafinMi 
cymiecxBaM'B", „qyBcxBO GHninaxiH jih)6bh" h np. 

Mm bha^JD[h, oahbro, qxo y 6e8no8BOHoqHux'B shboxhuxi co- 
oxpaj^aHiH, cHMHaxin h jik)6bh roBopnxB GepBesHO nirh hh Ma- 
jiifimaro OGHOBaHin: xaRHXi qyBOXBit na GaiioMi j^tjit ntx'B, h no- 
TOMy He My^ipeno, qxo nHGaxean, OGo6eHHO xn^axeJiBHO hxi pasBi- 



MATBPHHOSAA JEIDBOBb. 10{ 

CKHBaK)]^ie, BiLjifiTh 8Tfl ^yscTfia wh HBJieHiflxi coBepmeHHO pas- 
jiHqHuxi, H TOJisyioTi EHxi CI 6e8KOHeHHBiMi pa8Hoo6pa3ieMi. 
Oaho 7 Botxi ooTaeTOii HeasiitHHiiM'B — aio ajieneHrB MaTepHHCKaro 

^fBOTBa, KOTOpufl OHH HaSUBaiOTl TO udceil C060TBeHHOCTH, TO 

HyecmeoMh co6cTBeHHO0TH, to RasHMi-HHfifA^ aHaJiorHHHUMi Tep- 

MEHOJUi. 

H ^asTiii CBH^iiejiLOTBjnTi Ham, ^to JiBJieHiA, o KOTopuxib 
roBopATi asTopu, HecoMHtHHO, HMtorb MioTO. JI He Mory tojilko 
HaaeaTb aToro ^yfiCTsa HAeeft co6oTBeHaooTH. 06i „HAeflxi'' y 
^epBeit, y TapasaHOBi, y ojihshhkob'l h^ ho spafiHefl Mtpt, ho chh- 

TaiO B08M02BH£IH1i POBOpHTb BOBCO. 

Ha caMOMi a^ji'^^ 9Ta mHABa'' SHBOTHkx'L npeACTaBjEflOTi co- 
6010 ajieifeflTi Toro se KOCMH^ecKaro Ha^aja^ KOTopoe o^hh H81& 
aBTopoBi HasBiBaioTi HanajiOMi i^eHTpoGTpeMHTejikHLiM'B^ Bi npo- 
THBonojiosHOOTb i^eHTpo6toHOMy, Apyrie — saKOHOMi* ^azzpeiai^iu**^ 
vh npoiHBonojiosHOCTB „pa80ijiHiK)^ {dispersion). 

Bote HtKOTopne npBMtpu, pasiacHflioni^ie csaaaHHoe. 

Ben^ecTBO, oocxaBJiflion^ee cojiHiie h njnaHeTLi, KaRi H8Bi^0THO, 
HaxoABJiocB nepBOHa^ajiLHO wh paBCftfiHHOii'L oocToaBin; saTiMi, 
BCJit^CTBie mHzomnniH amoMoe^y hxi oxpeMJEeHia ^pyl^ m dpyzy^ 
npoHdomjio HXi» i^eHTpocxpeiiHTejiLHoe j^BBseHie, hxi uumezpav^iH. 
Ci nepBuxi se maroBi Ha nyxH axoro i^eHTpocxpeMHTejibHaro 
ABHsefliH HBHjiHCL H ajeMeflTU, Wh KOTopxax'B nosAHi^e Hafl^eTi^ 
CBoe Bupaacenie Haqajio i^eHTpo6tsHoe, h Eoxoparo HOCJiiA^^'TBien'L 
CyAOTL OTA^jieHie orb i^eHxpajOLBHOfl iiaccu — ^lacxeS^ odpasyioii^HX'B 
wb HaHiefl cojiHe^fiofi cHCTeift-njiaHeTU h hxi» cnyxEDKOBi. Pas'b- 
eAQHHBfflHCB, Ttjia, oAHaRo, npoAOJisaiorL ^cxpeMHTBoa'' Apyn vh. 
Apyry, no ycxanoBjieHHOHy en^e Hlioxohomi aasoHy npHXAseHiH* 

Tt se npBHi^BnBi, Koxopue mbi bhahmi wb KOCMB^ecKBX'b hb- 
JieBiflxi^ Haxo^Axi CBoe Mtcxo h vh HBjieHiHXi 6iojiorH<iecKHX'B. 

Uporpecci bi G<|»epi axEXi nocjttji.HHX'B, sasi axo BHepBue, 
csojiBKO H sflat), oxHtxHAi CneHcepi *), ho Ho^epnuBaexca OAatMH 
ToiBKO HocjitAOBaxejiLHUMH AQ^^^P^Hi^iai^iaMH (Ha^ajnoMi i^eHxpo- 

6tSHUMl): OHt Bl» HSBtCTHLIX'b MOMOHXaXl COnpOBOSAElOXCJi HBJie- 

BJHXH Hflxerpai^iH (Ha?a.ioMi i^eHxpocxpeMHTOJibHbiH'B). 

Boxi HtKoxopbie npHMtpu h3i ^HCJia yRasuBaeMUX'E Caenoe- 
poM'b. IlHsmie cycxaaq^XLie (qepaa) xapaKxepHsyiOTCH 6ojibniHM'b 
^HCJiOMi cocxaBJiBion^Hxi HXi oeriieHXOBi, AoxoAfln^HXi bi h^ko- 
Topuxi cjiyqaaxi jip HtcsojikSHX'B coxi; ho no Mtpt Toro, KaKi 
cxaneHT* nepeABHraTbOfl si BUcmHifb cycxaBqaxbiMi, — cTOHOsEaii'b, 
paKaMi, HactKoaibiM'b, nayRaMi, — mbi ndAjiibWh qncjEO axo bbbto- 
TOJEbHO yiieHbrnHBHiHifca, ao ABaAi^aTH Asyxi, xpaHaAi^aTH h A&se 
eo^e Meate; e yiieHbineHie axo conpoBOSA^^^^^' ysopa^BBaHieicb 



*) TpaHCueHACHTa/ibHafl (J)H3io;iori5?. Hay^Hwe, nojiHTHMecKie h (l)H;ioco(j)CKie 
onbiTbi. IlepeB. noA'b peAaKuiio H. Jl. TH6;ieHa. Cn6. 1866 r., CTp. 97 h c^itA. 



110 PyCOKOB BOrATOTBO 

HJiH HHTerpai^iefl i^tjiaro Tijia, AOCTHraiaii^BMi y Kpa6oB'b h naysofi'b 
KpaflHflro npeAtjra. 

B% pasBHTiH noBBOHO^Huxi Mu BCTpt^aem pasHue npHM^pu 
Tasofi se BHTerpai^in. CoeABHenie BicROJibKBX'E dobbobrob'e j^rsi 
o6pa30BaBij} ^epena — o^bbi bbi tsbbxi npsMipoBi. To se BCTpi- 

^aeTCa B Bl KOn^BROBOfl ROCTB, BpOBCBieAniefl OTh CJliflBiB BiCROJU- 

RBxx XBOGTOBUX'E noBBOHROBi; xopomifi npsM'^pi npe^cTaBjiireTi 
TaRxe GJiiflBie RpecTi^OBBixi bobbobrobi btbubi. IIpBBeAeBBBie npB- 

Mtpu BBJIBIDTCA CJiy^aj]MB, TaRl BaSUBaeHOfi, BpO^OJILBOfi BBTe- 

rpai^iB. 

A BOT'b Bi^cROJiBRO npBMipoBii BBTerpai^iB noBepeqaofl, bi pas- 
BBxiB BepBBofi cBcieMu cycTaB^aTOBorBxi acBBOTBuxi. SaMtqeBo, 
wo xapaRiepBCTB^ecRyio ocoSobboctb Bia CBCTOMa y BBsniBXi npe^;- 
X5TaBBTejiefl btoio RJiacca b y jih^ihhor'e buchibxi, — sa BCRjiio^e- 
BieM'F. Ttxi, no 6ojii,niefl qacTB Beco^epmeBBHxx, ^opMt, y roto- 
pux^ Hill flBCTBeBBWxx ysejTROBi, — cocTaBJifleTi deoUnyio ^t^L 
BepBBuxi yaejiROBx, B^yfl^Bxi oti offBoro ROBi^a lijia rx ^pyroMy; 
Me»;^y xtMi, KaRi y Cojite coBepraenBO c^opMBpoBaBBHX'E cycTaB- 
qaxux'B axa jz^BoilBaA i^I^db cjiBBaexcff bi fiojiBmelt bjib MeBBmefi 
^leneBH b% offBV. Htionopx'B onacaji'B xo^i Bxofl ROBi^eBxpaniia y 
BacfeROMBixx, a Ratke npocjitjiBJix ee y paRooSpasBBixi. Bi paBBeS 
ciafl,iB pasBHxia y Astacus fluriatilis bjib o6HRBOBeBBaro (ptiBoro) 
paRa BCxptqaexcM Dapa ol;^tJIBBBIx•B yaejiROBi bb RaiKj^OMi ROjrti^t 
Ttjia. Hsi qexBipBaTOaxH nap%, npBBa^iJieacaB^HXx rojioBi b rpy^B. 
xpB BapH cjiHBaioxca BQepeAB pxa bx 0J^By waccy, oopaaya rojioB- 
Bofl M03r%. MejEjiy xtMi hsi ocxajiBBBixx nepBHa mecxB napi* co- 
^HBBaroxca oco6o no cpefljaefl jibbIb, npoqia ace oeiaioTca 6ojite bjih 
Meaie pasi^tjiBBBiMa. Hsx mecxa napaBixi ysejiROBi, ^opMapyio- 
^^Bxcff xaRBMB oepaaoM-B, nepeABie qextipe cjBBaiOToa bi o^ay 
Maccy, ocxajiBBBie ^Ba bx ntpyryio, a sax^Mi 8xa ^Bt iiaccu coeAB- 
aaioxca yae b-b o^fly. SA'fecB mh bdahmb nonepeqayi) a npo^ojiBByro 
BBxerpai^iK)^ coBepmaH)ni.iaca oABOBpeMeBBo; y Bucmax'B paaoBi o5t 
oat BAyxi eme ^ajite. 

Hacjio npBMtpoBx, Buacaafon^Hxi a noAXBepjEAAi^iuaxB, qxo b% 
npoiteccfe 6iojioraqecRofl sBOJiBonia aaqajio n,eBxpo6i3Kaoe (nB$$e- 
peai^iai^iji) cMiaaxca (a bi cjio}ehux'b npoi][eccax'B coBepmaexca a 
napajiJiejiBBo) cb BaqaxoHi i^eaxpocxpeMaxejiBHBiai'B (aaxepi^ia- 
i^iefl), — Morjro 6bi 6hxb ysejiBqeHO no JKejiaaiK). IIpBBeAeBBHX'B am 
aamefl ittjia, OAaaRO, coBopmeBHO Aocxaxoqao. 

TtMi ace npBHAanoMX^ aaRoaer^b, oSBacaaexca a cxpeMJieaie kt» 
coeABaeaiK) oabopoabhx'b opraaoBX Apyr* ci ApyroMi. TaRx, y 
aapoABima qejioa^Ra, aaRi y aaBmBxi nodBOHoqaux'B, rjiaaa pasMi- 
B^eaBi no o^aoMy aa RaacAofi cxopoat rojiosu. Cb xeqeaieMii pas- 
BBxifi OBB c6jiaacaK)xca a npa po3Cii,eHia aaxoAaxca yace aa nepoA- 
aeS qacxB jiBi^a, xoxa y pe^eaRa epone^qa, RaRi a y sBpocjiaro 



MATBPHHOKAa JIlOBOBb. Ill 

WKA^H, paoxoAATCff Bi oTopoHu cpasHHTeiiBHO 6ojiie, HesejiH Bno- 

€JI%ACTBiff. 

9x0 G6jiH8eHie Bi HopMajiBHuxi GjiyqaflX'B ne haoti ^ajiBine, 
BCJii^ACTBie Toro, ^to npoMesyxo^Hoe cipoeBie He AonycsaerL aoji- 
flaro cjiHTifl sthxi opraHOBi. Egjih se bto npenaxcTBie OTcyTCTByen, 
HjiH csrjibHo oojia6j[fleTGH, saKi dTO fiuBaen bx cjny^aAxi ypo^JiH* 
BOGTfl, — TO ffsa rjiasa GaiHsaioTG^ bi o^hhi, o6pa8y)i, xaRi nasuBae- 
Myio, ixHKJionii}. 

HaEOHei^'b, wh tomi se npHHi^Hnt (AeHTpocxpeMHxejii^Haro na- 
qajia) Haxo;];HMi m£i o6'EflCHeHie h a^a x'l^xi GjiyqaeBi ABofiaoro 
ypoAGTBa, Ha Koxopue Baepsue yRasajii Ho$pya Genxi-Hjiepi b% 
ero HSBtGXHofl Gxaxbi „Ii0i de soi pour soi** *). 

3% HeMHorHXi cjionaxi* saKOHi axoxi saKJin^aeTOA bi tomi^ 
TTO „les deux sugets, qui composent un monstre, Gorapl6tement ou 
partiellement double, sont toujour unis par les fooea homologiques 
de leurs corps; cVst-d-dire opposes c6te a c5te, se regardont mu- 
taellem^»nt, ou bien adoss6s d'un k Tautre. 

IIpflqHHy axoro aBjeHia SHaMeHHXbifl npoxHBHHKi F. RioBBe 
BHAHXi B'h saKOHi, Koxopufl oupoA'i^JiAex'B ^opMyjEofl*. rattraction 
de soi pour soi, h Koxopuft yqeuufi naxypajiHCXi GxaBHTi bi CBSSb 

G% Hl»10TOflOBCEHM'& SaKOHOM'E npfiXflSCeuiH. 

RtTh HaAo6HocxH paGnpocxpaHflXLCfl o xomi, ROHe^HO, qxo bi 

OCHOB'b BCiXl 8XHXI, XOJIIiKO ?X0 MHOiO ySasaHHBIX'E, ROGMH^eCKHX'B 

H 6iojiorHq[ecKHX'B ABJieHlft HHxerpaqlH, aeJieHifi i^eHxpocxpeHExejib* 
Haro Ha^ajia, uden codcmeeuHocmu, KasyK) 6hi cxeneHb dJieateHxap- 

HOCXH MLI B'h Hefi HH AOnyOXHJIH, UiGXa HM^XB He Mosexi. 

B'h oGHOBi MaxepHHCKaro qyBcxBa jiesHxi xo se na^ajio^ xot'b 
se aaKOHi attractiou de soi pour soi, h noxoMy bha'&xb b'b HeMi 
npoHBJieHie ^HAeH^ co6GXBeHHOcxfl, KaKi ero HasuBaioxi aBxopBi, — 
xaKi se OGHoeaxejEBHO, KaKi bha'^xb ee bi 6iojiorHqeoKHX'B npo- 
i^eccaxi BOo6ii^e. 

HcxoqHHR'B ju;eHxpocxpeMHxejiBHaro na^ajia b'b MaxepHEGKOifB 
qyBCTBt, 8T0 — „qyBCXB0 ceoeto 6^ dpyzoMh**^ „qyBcxB0 npHHaAJies* 
HocTfl"; OHO GOcxaBJiflexi OGHOBanie h b% xo se BpesiJi eAHHGXBeHHBiJt 
npHdHasi, o6ii^ifl sHBOxHOJuy qysGXBy HaxepHHCKofi jq[K)6bh, ogjih 8thm'b 
xepMHHOMi Moryxi 6utb HaaaaHU desKOHequo pa3Hoo6paBHBiH no 
^opait H no GMBiGJiy oxHomeniH caMOK'B ki noxoMcxBy Ha bc^x'b 
cxyaeHjfX'B aoojiorRqeGKofi KJiacGH^HKaiUH, ao qejios'lEa brjuo^h- 

XeJIBHO. 

Ho 8X0 i(eHxpo6isHoe Haqajio gxohx'b b'b aHxaroHHSMi cb na- 
'qajioM'B ii[eHxpo6^sHUM'B, Koxopoe jiesHxi bi ochob^ o6ii^eGXBeH- 

HOCXH... 

OxcD^a rjiy6oKaA, B^KOBiquas 6op^6a Mos^y MaxepHHGKHM'B 



*) Cm. ero KHHry: .Etudes progressives d'un naturaliste* etc. Geoffroy 
Saint-Hilaire. Paris. 1835. 



112 pyOOEOfl BOrATGTBO. 

qyBoiBOMi (ROTopoe Hs BepmEfli aoojiorHqecEofl jiicTHHi^Bi o6oeHO- 
BLiBaerb noaBjieBie ceMBH), ci o^Hofi cxopoHBi, h ABJieHiflMH o6iae- 

CTBeHHOCTH — CI APyrOfil OHt T'bH'B pt8<ie paCXOAHTCfl M62BAy CO6OK), 

ii^M% doAbiue e^ amoM^ Hyocmetb yHacArbdoeannaw^ oicueomnaio uyo- 

cmuHKma „co6cm6eHHocinu*^, h H7bM^ Menbtuyio aKmuenocmb nposi- 

SAHioim SAeMenmu paayMHue, djiazonpiodprbmeHuue, odu^ecmeeuHue. 

TucflHH npecxynjieHift^ TucaqH HecqacTHUxi h pa36HTLiX'B acas- 

Hefi HMtlDTb GBOHMl HCTOHHHKOMl OinH6KH HO ROHTpOJIHpyeXOft 

pasyMOMi MaTepHHCKofi jhoGba, pyROBOAHMofl rbMH npoTHBOo6nie- 
CTBeHHBiHH HHCTHHKTaHH, KOTopBie oos^aiDrb Ra^pu noKOJitHlfi, pas- 
cjia6jieHHHX'L t^jiomi^ cjia6ux'b AyxoH'E h BOJiefi. 

TaKHlfE 06pa80Ml, B'E 6opB6!b HH^EBBAyaJlLHOCTH Ch o6ii^ecTBeH- 

HOOTBK), Bi 6opB6t, BOBHHKaioii^efi Ha no^Bt HaTepHHOEaro qyBCTBa,— > 

HCTHHa CTOHTl He Ha CTOpOH'b HH;i;HBHj^yaJIBHOCTH, — BBIBOICB BOOBMa 

noy^HTejiBHufl msl TtTh, STO nojiaraerB, ^to bi 6opL6'b HHAHBHxy- 
ajiBHOOTH CI oSn^ecTBeHHOGTBio MU ecezda^ h bo Bcbxi cJiy^aHXi, 

AOJISHU 6hTL HJIH TOJIBSO HB O^HOfi^ HJIH TOABEO Ha ffpyrofi CTO- 

poH-b. 

UpeAGxaBJiHeT'B jbeh co6oh), OAHaso, 6opB6a axa Htqxo poKOBoe, 
HeB86i3KHoe, HeoxBpaxHMoe? 

CoBpeMeHHaH syjiBxypa jifi^erh HaifB Ha axoxi BonpocB He xojbso 
onpeA^jieHHBifi OThirh, ho ysasuBaexi h na cpe/^cxBO, h na nyxB, 
KOxopuMi nysEHo haxh BHepe^'B, ^xo6h cnpaBEXbca co bjiomii: na^o 
He oxHHXB y A'^xeJt hxi naxB, sasi axo npen^JiaraioT'B ^paniiyscRie 
aBXopu, cxopoHHHKH y,coi];iajrBHaro BocnnxaHiH^, a Hajno nepenoc- 
HHxaxB MaxB, . noAHABB en ymcxBeHHoe pasBHxie na xy Bucoxy, cb 
Roxopofi efi 6hjq[h 6bi bhahbl nocjB['6;i;cxBiH HHCXHHsxHBHaro qyBcxBa, 
yHacJI•feJ^OBaHHa^o ero oxb xoro nponiJiaro, Eo^;^a py6eaB, oxfl;4- 
jiHDH^ifi ^ejEOB^Ea oxB SHBoxHaro, Cmjib eni;e oqeHB CHyxHUH'B. 

Bxoxi nyxB bb ptoieHiH 8a;;^a?H He xojibeo CMar^axi anxHCO- 
i^iajiBHyio pojiB HacjiijijcxBeHHaro ^yscxBa, ho— qxo emfi Basnte,— 

OHB JlJBkOTh HaifB BOBMO^HOCXB BOCnOJIBBOBaXBCH MOry^ei CHJIOfi 

MaxepBHCsofi jiio6bh, nanpaBBBB ee b'b cxoposy o6[ue^ejiOBt?ecEi^ro 
nporpecca, soxopufi, xasHMB o6pa30MB, Hpio6p1^xexB bb CBoenB 
npoxHBHHs^ BejQEHqafioiaro coiosHHsa. 

B/iBAMMipB BarnepB. 



J 



y 3blPflHT), 



(Ohepkh). 



1. nepBUH Bne^ax^i'bHifl h BCxp'bqH. 

— Ba-Jia... Ba-Jia... Ba-jia... 

KtO-TO RpHHaJIl> npOTH^HO, MOHOTOHHO... CjIOBHO MyjiJia 8a- 

6pajica fia BHniRy CBoero MHHapeTa h CBHBaeT'B onyAa npaBO- 

B'i^pHHX'B Ha MOJIETBy... 

Si ycTajio pacKpuBaK) rjiaaa. HaAO mhoK sucoKan Kpnina Ha 
AepeBHHHHX'b crponHjiax'B, cb ROTopux'b HeceTCH Becejioe he- 
pHKaHBe Bopo6beBi> h ryKaHbe roJiyCeft. OTKyaa-To c6oKy na- 
jXMTb ysRa^ noJiocRa npRaro cojineHHaro CB%Ta, nepejiKBaeTca 
BcbifH i^iB'kTaMH pa^yra bi> cnycTHBineKGH csepxy jxjuieko^ 
nayTHH'6 h 6'hmwrh no Rpum'b, JiOMaHCb npH scTp'b^']^ co cTpo- 

IIHJiaMH... 

EoAo MHOH) mypfflHTt apoMaTHoe cfeno... Hto6h A*JiaTL AaJib- 
H'biimifl HaCjuojaeBbi, Hymno noBepnyTBCH, ho bo Boewb opra- 

HHBM'b HyBCTByeTCH yCTaJIOCTB H HCTOMa, H Hirb CHJTb meBeJib- 

HyibCH... Fjiasa HCBoabHo cHona saRpuBaDToa. 

— Ba-Jia, Ba-Jia, Ba-Jia *)! — neyMOJi^mo BBynHirb B-b Monrb 
ymax-b, nporoHHa nocsrhimsi rpesH. Si Cncrpo BCRaRHBai) <yb 
cbHa, cntmy oAtTbca h ysnaTb, — OTRyfla HecyrcH bth cTpaH- 
HHe BByRH? OTRpHBaH) CRpsnaii^ifl Bopoia c^HOBajia, h bI) jihi^o 
uffh KHAaeTCH CHon^b mhfrhxI), jiacRaioii^HX'b cojiHe^HHX'b Jiy- 
HeK. CojiHi^e eiiiie Majio noAHajiocb naA'b ropHSOHTOM'b. Ha Tpani 
CjiecTHTb Rpynnaa poca. BoBAyx^b AHmeT-b yTpeHHefi npoxjiaAoft. 
IlepeAO MHOK) oOmnpHHa nojia cb naxjiofi pacTHrejibHocTbio. 3a 
noji^MH BHAH'i^eTCfl Jihci>, Becb BaTRaHHHi^ CHHOK) AHMRO]^. CpeAH 
jitca, Ha BHcoROM'b xojiMt, 6'hjrheTb nicROJibRo CojibniHX'b 
i^epRBeft. 

B03AyXTE> ^HCTI) H npOBpaHCH'b, — I^epRBH aCHO H RpaCHBO 
BHpHCOBHBaiOTCH CpCA? COCHOBarO 6opa, XOTH AO HHXTb A^JieRO. 



*) 3a BOAOfl, 3a boaoA, aa BOAofil 

}k 7. UTAtjII* I. 



114 pyooKoa BorATCTBO. 

9to ycTB-BHMi>— ApeBH^ia KaeeApa BeJiHKO-nepMCKHXi> enncKo- 
noBiy, ueHTp'b pejiHriodHoK srhbrh supAHCRaro Kpaa... 

BuXO^y HS'B cbHOBBJia. 

CxpaHHHe 3ByKH, ROTopne MeHH pa36yAHjiH, HBAanrb 8U- 
pflHCKiH ^eHu^HHH. Ha saABopKax'B AOMOB'B, HeAajieRO otb c&ho- 
BajioB^b, pacnoj]oateH'b pha'b KOJiOAi^eB'b. Okojio ehx-b ctohtl bh- 
p^HKH, HepnaioTL BOAy^ cJiHBaDTB ee Wb rojioah H RpHRailH 
npHFjiamaiDrB cbohxI) RopoB^b na BOAono^. Hai) xjii^BOBi) bk- 
coBHBaH)Ti> MipABi H Ba;KHO BHCTyaaiorb K^b ROJiOAaM'b Ma- 

JIOHbRlH Gedporiil ROpOBRH. 

FjiaBHaa AepeBencRafl yjiHi^a no oaho^ cropoH'b sacTpoeHa 
OaHaMH, no Apyroft — xopouiHMH CpeeeHHaTHMH AOMaMn; nacTO 
Tpn H AaJKe ^exHpe AOMa coeAHHOHH BMicit: aio nocTpollRH 
MHoroHHCJieHHHX'b, OK^e He paBA'feJiHBniHXCfl ceMoK. HanaBniHCb 

AByMH COJIbniHMH RaMOHEHMH I^OpRBHMH, COJIO npOTHFHBaeTCH 

AJiHHHHM'b nopiiAKOM-b, cnycRacTCH noA'b ropy h aaKaHHHBaeTCH 

HaCOBHeH), Ha HnSeHbROK ROJIOROJIbH'b ROTOpOt! BHCHTb i^'&Jioe 

MHoacecTBO ROJioROJioB'b, TaRHX'b MajieHbRHX'b, ^rro BaryjiaBmiO' 
peRpyTH HHorAa cHHMaiorb nxt c% ROJioROJibHH h hphbabh- 
saioT-b Ri) AyraM-b CBoax'b JiomaAefi, R'b seJiHROMy coCjiasHy 
creneHHHX'b BiipHHb. 3a HacoBHeio HanHHaeicH Oojioto cb rycxo 
nopocniHM'b ejibEHRoifb. 

Tenepb BAOJib Bceft yjiHi^H cRpHnHTb h ABHHceTca Macca xe- 
jvhvb. Mnoro jiomaAoK cb xejitraMH npHBaaaHti R'b i^epKOBHoa 
orpaA* H HaropoAHMi*. Orojio xejitrb TOJinaxca SHpane h o 
HCM-b-TO B086y»CAe6H0 TOJiRyioT^b. BHpaaceHie JiHi^'b oBaConeHHoe, 
cepbesHoe... 

Ha RpHTOM'b RptiJibi^t Oojibmoro h BHCoRaro, paBA^Jiaionta- 
roca Ha jjfi'h hojiobhhu, aomb, npHHaA<)iemani;aro saHCHTOHHOMy 
My»CHRy, i^epROBHOMy crapocrb ^anb-CeHK) *), a BHMcy caMoro 
xoaaHHa, cb RoiopHM-b yace BHA^aca MeabROMi?, no npitsA*. 
Ofli) CTOHTb, npHcaoHHBmHCb R'b ABepHOMy RocaRy, ji-hBofi py- 
Roift Hemex'b 3axHaoRi>, npaBoift KpecxHxi> poxi> h cte> HanpasteH- 
EHM-b BHHMaHieM'b npHcayniHBaexca R'b pasroBopy MyacHROB'b. 

— KhHC MyHaHTi **)? — RpHraXl> Offb MH'fe 06HHHHft nopBHft 

BHpaHCRiii Bonpocb, cooxB'fexcxByron^ilt pyccROMy npHB'fexcTBiK). 

— FyjiajaxHH, — oxBt^aK) a. — A aaq'bM'b, /l^aHb-CeHb, ceroAHa ^ 
xaR-b MHoro HapoAy croAa noHatxaao? 

— 3a xatOoM-b, — roBopHXT> ohi^, cxoAa ro mh^ c:b RpHJIb^a. — 
HapoxoAa hoa'^JIh ab* yace acAeMT). Fosoparb, ceroAHa npitA^rb... 
'Bcxb coBctM-b Henero. Y Mena xa'fe6a Bcfex'b 6ojibnie Ha ceat, k 
TO yate aa hcxoa*. 

— Heypoacafi y Bacii? 



*) AaHb-CeHb— CeMeHi> JiaMHJiOBHVh. 
**) KyM HAeuib? 



y suPflHi. 115 

— Oco6eHHaro. HeypoHcaa nfeTB. y nacB xaK'b KaacAHff, no- 
^HTaft, rofl'b. HnKorAa xjitCa He XBaxaerB. IlepeA'B hobhm'b 
Bce CB KopoK nonojiaM'B iAHMt. Myna flaBHO yace Asa pyCjia 
aa nyA'b. A lenept h 8a 9Th jsfiEhVK ne AOCTaHemb... Hapoffb, 
BHA'feJTB TH, — Ky^aMH HO cejiy niaTaeicfl, — paCoTH nmyrb hb-b 
OAHoro xjiifia... CtMCHa, y Koro 6ujih, Bcfe y^cb ct-fejiH... 

PacnpomaBmHCb cb JJ^aHb-CeneM'b, ii HanpaBHJica Kh ptniv 
H CKopo norpysHJicfl bx xojiOAHyro npoapa^HyH) BOAy BH^erAH. 

— Ott, HO^Ky yKOjiojiT)! — ycjiHmajTB a nosaAH ce6fl aobojibho 
npiaTHHift TeHopoK'b, KorAa, BHRynaBmncb, noAHHMajic;i otb ptaH 
no Kocoropy kT) AepeBHt. 

H cpaay Mce non^jiB, ^to 9to kphkb ao ntKOTopoK pieneHH 
TeHAeHL^iosHHfJ, HMiroiiiiifl mtJiBio oCpaiHTb Ha cefin Moe bhh- 
MaBie, H noTOMy TOT^acb me ofiepnyjiCH. Illarax'b b-b n^THaA- 
i^aTH npHraji'b na OAHoil nor'fe, cxBaTHBinn Apyryio bi> pyKy, 
xyAomasHft, HHBKopocjiHit HejioB'feHeK'b ciy ^epnoBOJiocof!, ocTpa- 

HCeHHOfl H HH^tM'b HC npHKpHTOft TOJIOBOl!, OoCOfi, OA^THft B'B 

<5TapHH 6pK)KH, HB'b-nOA'b KOTOpHXB BHAHtjIHCb CHHie HOpXH, 

JI B'B HBOpBaHHHf!, HepeB^ypT) KOpOTKitt HHA^KaK'b. YBHA'feB'B, HTO 

H noBepHyjiCH kte> neMy, HeJiOBineK'b CHCTpo aacKaKaji-b ko 
Mwh, H a yate Mor'b xopomo paacMOTptTb ero saropiBuiyio $h- 

alOHOMilO, Cb CJI'^AaMH CHHAKOB'b, Cb MajieHbRHMH, H'faCKOJIbRO 

flacM'&niJiiiBHMH H BMtcTt 3aHGKH6aK)iii;HMH "lepHHMn, Bocna- 

JieHHBIMII, ySKHMH FJiadKaMH... 

— KynaTbca hbbojihjih, Bama MHJiocTb? — 3aroBopHjn> oH^b, 

nopOBHflBmHCb CO MHOf!. 

— Aa. 

— A no KftKOMy cjiy^aio Kh HaMii no«ajiOBajiH, Bame 6aia- 

ropoAie? 

— B'B rocTH KB y^HTejiK), Aa h cropony sjxhmRioio nocMo- 

Tp'felb. 

— A?l Kt, HBany HaKOJiaesH^y? KaKi* Hce, Bame bhcoko- 
poAie, 3HaH), 3Haio. HofipiHraefi AyniH ^ejioBiK-B, nepBHtt MOft 
npiaxejib; lOJibKo cb hhmb ci> ojxaawb h pa3roBapHBaK). yMCTBen- 
HOMy HCJioBtKy BA'fecb oqeHb, mohcho CKa3aTb, npHCKop6Ho. A 

CMOrpiTb SA^Cb, n03B0JIbTe bawl oCxaCHHTb, — COBCfelirb He Ha 
HTO, paBBt Ha AHKOCTb BA^HIHIDIO? HapoA'B Heo6pa30BaHHHfi, 
noHHTifl HHKaKHX'B He HMteTB H, KpoM* KyjiaKa, HHHero, MOatHO 
-CRaaaTb, jnfiLTue h ne npHBHaerb, to ecxb HHRaKoft hojihthrh... 

H emfi pasx cb jhoCohutctbom'b ocMOTptji-B cBoero co6e- 
-c^AHHRa, H y MeHH abejiocb HeBOJibHoe upeAnojio:KeHie, hto 
jnoMHHaHie Hacnerb hojihthrh RyjiaRa HMierb, noacajiytt, aBTo- 
<Siorpa(|)HiecRi]K xapaRxep'b. 

Mh yate hijih baojib AepcBHH. HapoAB cn'femHjrB na paOoTH, 
orB cejia to h a'&^o ornjiHsajin ^bjihorh cb MyacHRaMH n 6a- 
^aHH Ha npoTHBonojioacHHft Oeperb. Bb AOMax-b BHAH'fejiHCb oahh 

8* 



116 PyOGKOB BOrAICTBO. 

pe6^Ta, KOTopHe ycHJieHHo kphhejih heitb bi floroHKy hbi oko- 
meK'B: ^Kune MyHaHi*? 

— BoTB BHAHTe BAtniHK)!) HeoCpasoBaHHyio rjiynocTb!— B03- 
MyxHJicH Mofl HOBu^ 3HaR0Mii]S. — H ^ero, cnpaniHBaeTGfl, RpH- 
HarB? H KXTi, noJiomHM'b, OTyiHJi'b, a k'b Barnes mhjiocth Borb^ 

H npHCTaDFB. H BCe SAtCB OAHa^ MOHCtfO CRadaTby AH^b. 

Bo3BMeM'b^ nanpHM'bp'B, ABHRona: noB'bpHTe^ My^CHROM'B Ha. 
njioTax'B xoahjib! Bofb ero snaerB, RaRB h b'b A^HROHa, to no- 
naji'B. HacHOTB yMciBeHHOCTH h He cnpamnBaiK. KaRi* Bcrp'b- 

THTCfl CB 06pa3QBaHHKMB HeJIOB'bROM'B, TaRB H HaHHCTB K'b RaSR- 

AOMy cjiOBy npH6aBJiHTB: .TaRHMi) o6pa30MB"... HyMaeirB, botb. 

yAHBHJTB!.. 

'Hoti cnyTflHR'B c'bMeHHJi'B HOraifH, 3a6'brajiB BnepeA'B i» 
8arjiHAHBajiB MHi^ bb rjia3a. 

— IIoHOMapB HanKi, — nocjrfe HeOoJiBmoK nepeAHmRH CHOBa 
nanaJiB ohi>, BApyrB RaKB-TO nenaJiBHo iioHHRHyB'B rojioBoK, — 
ApaTBca o^eHb jhoChtb. 

IIpH 3THXB CJIOBaX-B OHB TaR'B ipyCJIHBO CTajIB 03HpaTBC>t 
no CTOpOHaM'B, TOHHO COHJIOa, HTO nOHOMapB BOTB-BOTB BHCRO- 

MHTB 0TRyAa-HH6yAB H3B-3a yrjia h naHHerB nacB Ty3HTB. 

— no3aBHepa y nacB OAHa cTaTBa BHmjia. Baxox^JTB noHO- 
MapB canoPH ceC'J^ hihtb; notiMajTB cano^HHRa hs'b ORBaAa, a& 
H yHHTejia CMaHHJi'B: saRaaceM'b, roBopHT'B, BiitcTt, — AemeBJie- 

B03bMeTB. CanOJKHHRB BBHJI'B CB EHXl* HO pyOJIK) Ha TOBapTb. A 

noTOMX noHOMapb cb canoHtHHROM'B nocjiajin 3a boakoK, a TyxB^ 
cjiyHHJica—H MeHH B'B ROMnaHiK) npHHJiJiH, H nanajiH mh bb 
KapTH, B'B TpH jiHCTHKa HrpaTb. ^yMaio: onero ne nonrpaib? 
Hrpa no^rreHHan, 6jiaropoAHHe jidah bb nee HrparoxB. Tojibro 
noHOMapB bhuhjitj, ceft^acB h B'b asapr-b, a canoacHHRy 8To na 
pyRy. ^omjio ao ApaRH. CanoacHiiR'b ero 3HaTHo OTBajiaJiB, Aa^ 
eme B'B CapHin'b ocTaJica. 

— KaRofi me TyrB CapHm-B?— sacM'feajica a. 

— A KSiKh ate?.. A ABa-To pyOjia 3aAaTRa? BiAB yatB lenepb^ 

RaRI) OHH BB CCOp'fe, — CanoaCHHR'B HH 3a HTO lEHTB He CTaHeT'B... 

JIfiBi py6jia BB RapMani... Hy, xoponio, — cRasajiB oh^b, BApyri^ 
oacHBHBmHCB: — Hy, noCna'B oh-b ero. TenepB cnpamHsaeTca: 
BHHOBaTB a B'B BTOM'B? A? KaR^B BH AyMaexe? 

51 p'bmHTeJIBHO He 3EBJ11>, ^TO OTB'feTHTb, HO MOtt CnyTHHRB- 
H He mjXSLJVh OTB'feTa. 

— BcaRifi yMCTBeHHuii ^ejioBiRij caaaceTB, hto ho BHHOBaxB — 
p'bmHJiB oh'b caMB. — A no ero bhxoahti>, hto BHHOBaxB. KaR'b 
canoHCHHR'b ymejiB, oH'b BApyr'B na Mena: ,,Th, roBopHTB, sa^iM'B 
CMaJiOAyniecTBOBaji'b?.." 9to SHa^HXB: ho 3anj,Hni,ajiB ero. A RaRB 
MH'fe samHniaTb, kojih a, H3B0JiHTe bha'^tb, Tui,eAynieHB, a ca- 
nosKHHK'B ^ejioB'feR'B CHJiH HeoGHRHOBeHHoft . fl TyAa, CH)Aa..- 
IIoMHJiyfiTe, roBopio, noHOMapio to octb, — Aa^Ke nocaoBHE[a. 



y supflHi. 117 

roBopHTca: „JlBh co6aRH flepyxca, TpexbA He npHCTaRaft^. — „A, 

^raiTb TU, rOBOpHTB, MOHH Vb MOeH'B CB^IUeHHOMl» HHBTfa Kh 

^co6aK'b npHpoBHAJi'L?..^ Hy, h... bhbojior'b mohh H3'b H86u Ha 
yjumy. JIaAHO eme, yp^AHHK'b cjiynHJica, otChjtb. TaKi stflb totb, 
<^KOT0Ha Heo(5pa30BaHHafl, Tonae npoTHBi> mbhh: y,On«tb, roBopHTb, 
^aiiHJica, operab na bcd yjiHi^y.** — BHAHmb, roBopro, KaK-b 
iceHH noHOMapb o6e3noROHJii>..«— CjiymaTb ne xonerb... /(a Mena 
7Re Bi» xojiOAHyjo npn npasjieHin sacaAHjiH Ha xpH ahh; nojio- 
»HMi», H jC'ksKBorb HepeB'b cyxRH, a BcexaRH wb pa6orb sacTofi... 
J^a-iTb, BOTb RaRie y nacrb jidah, same 6jiaropoAie! HejierRO B'b 
^A^mHHX'b M^cTaxi> acHTb... Kit TOMy me, hsao CRasaTb, noHOMapb 
axoTb eme h Cojibmofi asHHHHR'b: th eny ojiobo, — a om> ledt 
ABaAi^axb, Aa h to caMHX'b aaBHTejibHHX'b... Bame (JjiaropoAie,— 

BApyn> CHOBa BOBBHCHJI-b TOJIOCb MOlft CHyTHHRTb, — MOMCeTb 

paOoHitt HejioBtR'b BHOHTb? Mo»cerbI— HeMeAJieHHO ace otb*- 
THJTb OBTb caifb cefit. — KoHe^Ho, sHUHTb 6jiaropoAHo, He RaRi> 
RaRoK-HH6yAb BupsiKb. Bowb, HSBOjiHTe cjiHmaTb, RaR'b noAoOnaa 
CKOTHHa peBerb... 

JJfi Moero cjiyxa, n'i^iiCTBHTejibHo, AonecjiHCb HeBooCpaanMO 
,AHRie 3ByRH: rto-to „6jiarHM'b Maroiirb" BHBOAHJi'b caMHH HeBoa- 
MomBbm BapiauiH. 

— 3to, Bame CjiaropoAie, OAHHb SHpaRii aaryjiajrb. BoTb 
yacb TpeTbK) neA^JiH) cpaAy. Offb, BHAHie jih, Biopoft HceHH 
jiHfflHJica, H xoTb eMy ysK-b 60 ji-ferii, a h bte> Tpexift paax 
xoHCTb MteHHTbca. Tenepb xoahtti nbaHHlt no cejiy h Kpn^HTb: 
„Kto 8a Mena BaMyac'b xonerb**. CBaTaaca Kh nonoBOJtt RyxapRt, 
Ta RO^eBpaacHTca... Borb h sanHJii). CHanajia KopoBy npo- 
rauTb, — Bce paBHO, roBopHrb, AOHTb neROMy; noTOM-b Bcfe pH6o- 
jiOBHua cHacTH cnycTHJTb, a Tenepb aomi> nanajTb nponn- 
Baxb. SnaHHTii, Ha 3Jio nonoBo£t RyxapR*]^: i,bbixoah cRopte 3a 
Mena saMym^b, — a to Bce nponbio**. A mh ne^To TaRi) nbeMT>? — 
j[o6aBHjrb OH'b cb cosHaHieMX cBoero npoBOcxoACTBa. 

— Ta* bh acHBOTe? — cnpocHjrb a, TaRi) RaR'b mh npomjin 
BCD AepeBHK), a noBHft SHaRoicufi ne BURa3HBaji'b hh Majrbfimaro 
fiaicbpema ocTaBHTb Mesa. 

— Ita a nopTHoft JleoHTift... Moacer^b H3B0JiHaH yace cjiHoiaTb? 

— Hirb, He cjiHxajib... Ho B'feAi> h noprnoMy naAO ta*- 
fiH6yAb acHTb?— cRasaji-b a. 

— JSfi ceroAHa mnji'b y HBO-Baca *), Tenepb naAO rx 
HHcapK) nepe6HpaTbca, — y aero paCoTa ecTb, a^bho npoxoAy 
He Aaerb; Aenbrn BnepeAi* saOpaHH... A BAfecb yacb TaRoU na- 
poA'b Heo6pa30BaHHHfl: ^yTb saAOJiataenib, — npncTarorb ci> no- 
atoM'b Ri ropjiy. Bnepa Tpn 6a6H npncTajiH, — eABa OTA'feaajica. 
TjiynHfl napoA'b, HHRaR-b He noftMeTT>, hto HX-b MHoro, a a oAHH'b.. 



*) BacHAid HBaH0BH4i. 



118 PyoCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

Haflo Tenepb uM'bHbe nepeHocHTb,— aaKOHqnji'b ohT), neMHoro no- 
MOJi^aB-B, H CHCTpo no6'feMtaji'b Krb Kpa^HCMy flony. H noBepHyji'i> 

HasaA'B. 

Ho a oinH6cfl, Aynaa, hto paacTajicn ci> cjiobooxotjihbhm'b 

nopTHUM'b. 

— A BorB H H roTOBT>! — nocjiHniajiCH Hepe3i> MHHyTy ero 
rojiocB. 

— A r^t ace Bame HMtHie? 

— A BOTT> OHO, — H nopTHOift JleoHxifl npoTaHyjn> oGt pyKH:: 
Bi> OAHoK 6Hjn> ;Keji'fe3HHft apmnHi), bI) Apyrofl — yiiorB. 

H HCBOJibHo paacM'i^ajica. 

— SnaHHT'L, y Baci> h KBapTHpH ntrb? 

— Ba^iM-B, Bame 6jiaropoAie, nopiHOMy KBapiHpa? 3hmoK, 
r^t niLK), TaiTB h HOHyro, a JitTOMt na GepeacKy ho^kh Kopo- 
laio, noTOMy ne Mory a Bt noroacyio nopy bte> AymaoK 3H- 
paHCKOitt HBOi cnaTb: Aynia y mohh, Bame Ojiaropo^ie, ne Ta- 
Kaa. KaK-L HacTanerb Benep-b, TaK^b y Meea noAT> cepAi^eMi^ 
HTO-To H 3acoceTT>: TanexT) na BOJibHtif! BosAyx'b... y^Ay na 
CepeacoK'b, oroaeK'b pasjioacy, yAOHKH 3aKHHy, cTaay Kynaxbca 
H Tol! nopofl pa^iKOB-b aajioBJiK). HoTOMTb B3ApeMHemb neMHora, 
raaAb — yace h sopbKa Ha^HHaeica. JlK)6HTe bh, same Cjiaropo- 
Aie, puCKy aoBHTb? — cnpocHjrb ohb BApyr-b. 

— J]ja, aio6jiH). 

— TaKB BOTb KaKB-HHCyAb co6epeMca aa aoHKy? Xoporaee 
a MtcTo 3HaK), — BepcTB 3a naxb. JS^octbsj no aoAO^Kt, nafl- 
HnHKOMX sanaceMca... ay, h enije Moacao koo-hto B3aTb... 
HyAecHo BpeMa npoBOAeMB... Ta... xa... xa... — BApyr'b asAaJi'b ohi> 
cxpaHBHia 'SBjKb H CO Bctx'b HorB CpocHJica BB cxopoHy. 

2 a nocMoxpijTb no xony aanpaBaeHiio, KyAa nofi'feacaji'b Jle- 
OHxifli. Ha saABopKaxB Cojibmoro ^OMa, oKoao KoaoAn;a, co6pa- 
aacb 6ojn>maa xoana 3HpaHT>, npeHMyn^ecxBCHHO OaG^b. Bet o 
HCMB-xo o^eab aHeprn^ao paacyacAaJia. Ho cpeAaai xoann 
Bepxiaca rpoMaAHHK pHaci]ft MyacHK^b, KoxopHfl HHKoro ne cay- 
majiB H, Ka3aaocb, Hanero ae noEHMaai*. Ohi> xoabKO ahko no* 
BOAHaB raa3aMH n hxo-xo KpHnaa-b caMHMTb yacacaHMB roao- 
COMB, BcnaecRHBaa pynaMH. 

JleoHxiii xox^acb ace Bpisaaca bb cpoAHay xoanti, a CaCH^ 
nepeCHBaa Apyr'b Apyra, aanaaH ^xo-io OMy pa3CKa3HBaxb. Jle- 
oHxiK A'fe'STeabHo pascnparnHBaaB h cocpeAoxoHeaao BHcayma- 
BaaB oxBixH. HoxoM-b rayCoKOMHcaeaao npacxaBHa'b naaei^B 
Ko a6y H 3aAyMaaca. Ba6H raaAian aa aero cb aiKoxopHMB. 
yBaaceaieMTb. 

— MoKumB! *) — ^BApyr-B npoH3Hec'B oH'b rpoMKO h yaipeHHO. 

— B-b HeMB A'feao? — cnpocaaB a, noAXOAa. 



*) HoKi>iini> — co6cTBeHHO, snaHHT-b oKyHb. 



y BUPHHl. 119 

— HaBOTi), BHflHTe, Bamefijiaropoflie,— yKpajiH ABonraHH*). 
BoTB Ta piKKaa Teiepii — JleoHiift yRasaJi'B Ha dtcHyDmaroca 
My^HRa — pasB'I^CHJi'b na oropo^'i^^ a ohh h npona^im. Beanpe- 
M*HHo ttoKHm-B CTHHyjTB, — CojibDie HeKOMy... A! BOKh Bejiyvb 
rojiyO^HKa! — paAOCTHo aaKOH^HJTB oetb. 

JSfidi 3HpHHHHa, jj'feacTBHTejibHo, BOJiH noAi> PJKH ynHpaB- 
marocH, oOopBaHnaro h xmeAyniHaro Mymn^eHKa. CKopo o6bh- 

HiieMHlK CTOHJI'B B'B CpeAHHi^ TOJIIIH H RJIHJICfl CaMHMH ySRBLO- 
HHMH RJIATBaMH, HTO HHRaKHX'B PaHBli HO BHiliaJTB, H ePO HO- 

BHHHo oKJieBerajiH. Co cropoHn craHOBHJiocb acajib 6'hjxanrj.., 
Ba6H, RaKB 6yAT0, Ha^HHajiH cAaBaTBC^; MyncHRH, RpoM'b 
norepirbBmaro, oiHocHJiHCb R-b (|)aRTy nponascH ra^efi CoJite 
njm MeHl^e caoROtiHO. Ho JIoohtI^, npHHHMaBmifi Bii co6ht1h ach- 
Bd^fimee y^acTie, uoff,6hm8Ljrb BHeaaano R-b MyatHHeHKi^, cxBaTHJTb 
ero 8a pyRy h noiamnjrb sa rojio^oi^Ti, R'b TOMy Mtcxy, ta* 
npencAe bhc^jih noxHiii;eHHHe rann. Tyrb Ha BJia«HOd rjmH6 

BHAHijICa AOBOJIbHO HCHHtt CJI'^AB HeJIOBi^HeCROtt HOPH. JleOHTltt 

CTajTb na roji^hh h BOApysHJiTb Hory ttoRHina bij oahht* na-b 
BTHX-b orneHaTROB-b. 

— BtpHO, — ero a*Jio! — RopoTRO OTptaaji'b owh. — CMOTpHxe 
caMH. 

ToJina sapeBtJia orb yAOBOJibCTBia. KoRHin'b BApyn> npn- 
CMHp'j^jTb H coBepmeHHO Heo^HAaHHo corjiacHJios npHHecTH 
noxHmeHHHe rann. 

MnnyTb nepea-b nsTb rann 6ujie, A'feficTBHrejibHO, npHne- 
ceHH H BpyneHH pHMceMy MysKHRy, ROToptril lenepb ciaji'b oti> 
yAOBOJibCTBifl H Apy^ecRH xjionaji'b no njieny h JleoHxiA, h 
KoRHma. fioRHm'b Toate AoOpoAymno yjraCajicH h tojrc xjionaji'b 
JIeoHTi« no nae^y. yAOBJieTBopeHHHa 6a6H TOT^aci> me paao- 
nuiHCb. 

— /lypaR'b TH lioRHm-b, — noyHajn> Apy^ecRHMT? tohomt* 
JleoHTifl. — KoJiH 6h h ho noilMaJiH Tenepb, RyAa 6u th ra^H 
A^BaJix? 

— TpyAHo, Bame CjiaropoAie, BopoBaTb bte> 9toK CTopoH-fe, — 

noaCHHJTb Offb MHt, — Bce Ha BHAy... 

^OJirb npaBAHBaro 6HTonHcareJiff aacraBJiHerb moha Ao6a- 
BHTb, 3a64raa ntcROJibRo BnepeA'b, hto yjiH^eHHutt B'b BopoB- 
CTBi WoRHniTb Ha Apyrofi me Aenb CHA'feJTb BM^crfe <yb Apy- 
THMH B'b H36'b pHScaro MyacHRa h, RaR^b hh B'b Hei£b ne 6HBajio, 

ipBBCjmjSfikJTh paSHHX'b RpeCTbHHCRHX'b A'^JI^X'b. 

Tenepb Jleonrift ciy nfeROTopoio ropAocrtK) CMorp-fejrb na 
ifen^r. 

— ^a, Bame OjiaropoAie, Jleonriil sji-fecb cHJial—cb aoctohh- 
cTBOM'b nporoBopirji'b oht?. 



*) ra»»i-»-nopTW. 



120 P700KOI HOTATOTBO. 

OAHaRO, Top^cecTBO Moero Hosaro snaROMaro 6ujio Henpo- 
;^OJIatHTeJIBHO. FopAHft BsrjiflA'b ero Bflpyrb OMpa^HJiOH, h rjiaaa 
TpeBomHO 3a6'brajiH, — cjiobho ncRajm aan^HTH oitb nanaAai)- 
maro Bpara. no a^P^be'^ OucTpo G'b^RajiH Jivh (5a6H: oAea cra- 
paa, HO flocTaxoHHo 6oApaa, Apyraa Mojioflaa. 

YBHA'bB'B JleOHTifl, OWh 6p0CHJIHCb np^MO Kb Haifb, H C'hjX' 

Hflra, He ycniB'B MoprnyrL rjiasoiTB, y«e Chjtb 6yKBajibH0 
aTaROBaHii. hmh. Ba6u cTpennJiHCB noiiMaTb ero sa pynn h 
ocHnajiH i^tjiHiTb rpaAOMTb ynpeKOBT* h pyraTejiBCTBx: ^hbh- 
HHi];a, jT^maRacB, ABHBOJiacB^ micapeAa, oCnaHii^K'b'' h t. h. 
JleoHTiii cnanajia nHrajica coxpaHHTb aoctohhctbo h cb bcjih- 
^aBKH-B cnoKoiftCTBieirB o6'BacHaJi'B (JaCaMB, ^rro ne ont oah* 
y Hero saKasHHi^H, h ^to He y hhxb tojibko ohb bbhjtb A^HBrn 
BnepoA'B... IIoaTOMy Ka«AHfi AOJiacemb co6jiK)ji;aTb CBoft nepeffB. 
Ho 6a6H He 6hjih AOCTynHH yC'hsRji.emawb, h tojibko ycHJiHjm 
HanaAOHie. Jleonrift miiHrHyjiB Ohjio sa KOJioAei^B, ho h cb 
8T0ft noBHi^in 6hji'b CKOpo bhOhtb. TenepB OMy ocTasajiocB 
JiHniB npHacaTBca kb oropoAy h ycHJienno A^flcTBOBaTB py- 
KaMH h HoraMH, 0T6HBaacB otb nanaAemft Henpiareji;!. Ho BApyrB 
BHepria ero ocjiaC'fejia, h ohb CeanoMomHo onycTHJiB pyKH... Ho- 
cjuhjiEsisi OTHaflHHaa nonnTKa — npHrnyTB ^pes'B ropoABCy — 
He yAajiacB, — 6a6H KptnKo BUj'fenHJiHCB b'b ero pyKH h orra- 
mHJiH OTB oropoAa. TorAa ohti noKopno nocjrfeAOBaji'B 3a hhmh, 
6pocaH po6Kie bbfjihabe no HanpaBJieniH) rb i^epRBH. TaifB^ bb 
nepcneKTHBi yJlH^H, BHAHtoacb (|)Hrypa noHOMapa. Oh'b mejiB, 
npaBAa, ne coBcbifB tbopahmh maraMH, ho Bce srg canoe no- 
aBJienie OToro HejioB^Ka, noBHAHMOMy, jinmajio nopTHoro bch- 
Rofl 9HepriH... 

— Bame fijiaropoAie,— BaRpn^aji-B oh'b yace nsAajiH,— a rb 
BaM'B safiAyl OcBoCoacycb botb otb 3thxb B'feA^M'B, pasBt oh* 
noHHMaioTTb HacToamee oCpamenie... J^wnhl. Hsany HHKOJiae- 
BHHy noHTOHie! 



n. SupancKi]^ yqHTejrB. 

Hponuia y^Ke mtjiaa HOA'feJia cb Moero npitsAa B'B N. Ha- 
poAB Bce npnOHBaji'B bb cejio, B'B oacHAaaiH napoxoAa. Bujih 

JIH)AH H3TE> OTAaJieflHEIXB AepCBOHB, KOTOpHO, HO AOMCAaBHIHCB 

napoxoAa, BOSBpamajiHCB AOMott h ohhtb npiismajra. Mnorie 
yace H-fecROjiBRO AseH coBctMB ne 'fejiH xjiiCa, .nHi^a y Bcbx-B bh- 
THHyjiHCb. €!> yTpa ao Be^epa, bb Ty CTopony ptRH, oTKyAa 
AOJiacoHB GHJiTb noaBHTbca napoxoAi*! Ohjih oOpaiiiieHH cothh 
rjiaa-B. 

Hacrpoeme y BC'fexT> 6hjio KpaftHe Taacejioe. A napoxoAa Bce 



y 8HPJIBI. 121 

He 6HJI0. y y^HTeJia, y KOToparo a rocTHjii», Myna To«e CHJia 
Ha ncxo Ji% npHxoAHJiocB co6JiK>;^aTB eROHOiflK). 

UesKffj Thwh, Ra^A0j[is6BH0 Hacb oca»cAajiH i^tjiiiii tojiiih 
HHH^HrB, H He XBaTHJio flyxy oTKasHBaib B'b KycK* xJi'b6a btowb 
rojioOTHifL, CTpaflaron^HMTb jiH);iaMT>. 

Buji'b npeRpacHH^, TenjiKtt iHUibCRifi Benep^. 

Mu cHA'bjiH, Bi> rpycTHOifb nacTpoenlH, na 6ajiR0Hi^ niROJiu 
H UHJIH ^ali. 3AaHie ihrojih Cujio 6ojibmoe AByxdTaHCHoe, cb 
npeRpacHHiTB bhaom-b na p'feRy, ho b'b cymnocTH o^ohb hjioxo 
npHcnocofijieHHoe He TOJiBRO jiJia hirojih, ho h Boofime ajih ^ejio- 

B^HeCRarO «HJIBH. MChTB BA^CB M05KH0 6hJI0 TOJIBRO JTbTOMT*, 

a BO BpeMH saHHTi^ y^wresuo npnxoAHJiocL nanHMaxB RBap- 

THpy Ha CBOH C06crBeHHH« CRyAHHH cpeACTBa. 

9totb yHHxeJiB Ohjtb cobc'&m'b mojioao^ HejioB^RB, no BH^y 
no^TH MajiBHHR'B, KS'b (ynyjjfiETOBTy flyxoBHOtt ceMHHapiH. TenepB 

OBTB nOBtCTBOBaJTB Mfffe CBOCM'B »tHTB'fe-6HTb'fe. OhO 6hJI0 He 

HBi, BeceJiHX'B; Bapo^eMT*, aobojibho 6ujio nocMOTpiiB na hb- 

MyqeHHHia BHAl* yHHTOJIH, HT06m yCiAHTBCa B'B BTOM-B. 

— Ho oROH^aniH ceMHHapin a mof^b 6h notxaiB B'B aRa- 
AeMiio, — THXO pascRasHBaji'B ohb, — ho uwh BaxoTtjiocB no- 
cjiymHTB HapoAy. KoH^iTeii'B a ceMHHapiro h noAajTB npomeme 
o&b onpeA^JieHiH b'b KaRyio-HH6yAb i^epKOBHO - npHXOACRyi) 
niROJiy Ha aeaJiOBaHBe py6jien 20 b'b irbcaiii'B. IIIrojih cb Ta- 

RHlfB dOJIBHIHlfB »Ca«IIOBaHbeM'B HamjIHCB TOJIBRO B'B SHpHH 
CROM'B Rpa'fe, nOTOMy HTO BA'feCB BOMCTBO HepO/iaJIO CBOH 
HIROJIH BT> AyXOBHOe B'i^AOMCTBO, COXpaHHBniH 8a HHMH CBOH 

cyficHAiH. Mena onpeA*JiHJiH, ho A^Her'B na Aopory ne AajiH. 
BHJia Ao^cAJiHBaa, no3AHaa oceHB h ymacnaa 6e3AopoaeHi^a, 
RorAa a nojiynHJi'B H3B'feni;eHie, hto onpeA'bJieH'B b'b BjsfbmEiojo 
HiROJiy H ofiaBaH-B HeMeAJieHHo ate hbhtbch na m^cto nasHa^e- 
Hia. D^-fejiyio HeA*Ji» a HCRajii. Aeneri) na Aopory, — HaRonei^'B, 
HamancB AoCpne aioAH^ a^Jih BSdiPiuu; ne 6e3'B TpyAa yAaJiocB 
BHxaonoxaTB h ^noAopoacHyio** na napy JiomaAef!. Ho'fexaji'B a 
BM-hcrb CO cTapyxoft r MaTepBK). ^opora Gaaa HeBOSMoacnaa: 
AoatAB H AHOM'B, H HO^BK) JiHjTB HenpeciaHHO... HtcROJiBRo pasi 
nacB BHBajiHBajio hs^b Tapanraca, Boe BpeMa ripoHH3KBaji:B ao 
KocTeitt xojioAHHfli Btxep'B... ^HJiBe, FA* 6u MoacHO 6Hao 060- 
rpiTBca, BCTpinajiocB o^enb p-feAKo. B'B A^peBHax'B nacB 
Bcrp'b^aJiH, RaR'B neBHAaHHHX'B SB'bpe^. IIo 3HMHe^ Aoporb sa'&cb 
HHRTO He -feBAHTb; y Koro ecTB HyacAa nocfexHTB axoTB nenpn- 

B'feTJIHBHft Rpaft, TOTB CTapaOTCH HO'fexaTB JI'felOM'B, BOCnOJIB30- 

BaBiHHCB napoxoAOM'B. B'B H86y, FA'b a ocTanaBJinBajica, Bsajin- 
BajiacB Macca napoAy, uiynajiH moK HOMOAaHB, cMOTp'baH, hto 
H 'biTB. B'B OAHOft A^P^BHt, KOFAa H AOciajTB Roa6acy, MyaCHR'B 
nonpocHJTB OTp'teaTB h eMy h, nonpo6oBaB'B, cnpocna'B: „hto 



122 PyOOKOH BOrATOTBO. 

3Ke, — 8T0 pacTerb?"— H'ferB, ne pacTerb,— nonpaBHJi'b Apyrofi, — 
a BorB orypi^H, roBopaT'B, pacryrB. 

— Hepea-B He^tjiK) BceBosMoacHHX'b MHrapcTBTb h Mynemfi a, 

COBepmeHHO HCTOMJieHHUfi, Cb COJIBHO^ MaTepBD nOAB'J^XaJTB R'B 

piKt BH^erA*. OoTaBajiocB tojibko nepenpaBHTBca repeat nee, 
H SI 6ujn> Ha m'j^ct'^ HaRHaneHiii. P'^Ka jme naiHHajia daMepsaTB . 

flMIHiHK'B CTaJTB KpHHaTB, HTOOu HOUaBaJIH nepeSOB'B, HO BB OT- 
B^TB CJIHmaJIHCB TOJIBKO CTOHH B^Tpa. Jl^OJirO KpHHaJI'b SlMJJlVLRl>j 

noKa He oxpna'B, hotom'b npHHHJiCH Kpn^aTb h a, — KaKBMo^eTB 

TOJIBKO KpH'iaTB HOrHfiaromifl, — HOTOMJ HTO H, BB CaMOMTi fffejrfe, 

^yBCTBOBaji'b ce6fl norHfiaromHicB: rpyAB moh naApHBajiacB otb 
KaniJiH, OTB ptsKaro B-feTpa oKo^entjin Bct HJieHH. Oa'^hjio, 
KOTopHMB a BaKpHBaJicH Bi Aopori, npHmjiocb oTAaTB MaTepn, 
HTo6n oHa He aaMepajia... Hopojtt MHfe KaaajiocB, hto na TCMHofi 
piKi CKpHnflTB Becjia, ho BCHKifl pasB npHxoAHJiocB y6'batAaTBca, 

HTO H^TB HH^erO, KpOM'b BOfl B'feTpa H BCnJieCKa BOJIffb. TaKB 

npomjia Bca hohb. 51 Apoataji-B cawb h Cohjich aa MaTB... Hh- 
KorAa B'B 5KH3HH a TaK'B He paAOBajica, KaK^B ycjiHxaB'B, naKO- 

HeU'B, A^iiCTBHTeJIBHO BCHJieCK'B Ha ptK* H HOTOM'B paBJIH^HBT* 

ABH»cyni;iKca napoMB... Pobho ABinaAi^aTB nacoB-B ctohjih mh 
Ha 6epery ptKH... 

y^HrejiB aaMOJi^aji'B, h ero Oji^AHoe, ne^aJibHoe jmuft 6hjio 
rpycTHte o6HKHOBeHHaro, HepeA'B naMH paacTHJiajiacb bocxh- 
THTejiBHaa KapTHHa. BH^erAa Kaaajiacb raraHTCKOH) cHHeio Jien 
TOK; npaBEifl: ea Oeperi), bhcokII} h rojiHfi, cocToantift hb'b pas- 

HOI^B'feTHHX'B HJiaCTOB-B, CB HCnOJIHHCKOH) lUjeTHHOfi eJieft Ha 

Bepxy, Tenepb Becb roptji'B, oBapeHHHfi jiy^aMH 3axoAHin;aro 
cojiHaa; TorAa KaK-B jitBHfi, jiyroBoK fieper-B oCJieKca yate B'B 
MarKia noJiyT'feHH. IIlHpoKaa, Mory^aa ptKa cjiobho aacnyjia. 
B'B BosAyxt cToajia yAHBHTejiBHaa Tnnib, HapymaeMaa Jinmb 
OTAajieHHOH) BupaHCKOH) nicnefi, noxoateft na pyccKyio Ay6H- 
HymKy. 8to hjioth cfejiH na MeJib, h Tenepb HX-b cTacKHBajiH. 
Orb cejia TO h a'^Jio CtmajiH K'b pliKt MymmtH; TyAa y»te 
nponecjiH nicKOJibKo qeTBepTeft boakh, h nocjrfe KaacAofi neT- 
BepTH cyeTHa yBejiHHHBajiacb, ntcna cTanoBHJiacb rpoMHe h 
HecKjiaAH&e. Bca aTa KapTHHa 6HJia aaMib aobojibho oT^eTJiHBO 
BHAHa CB 6ajiK0Ha hirojih... 

— ^a, — npoAOJiHtaji'b y^HTejib cbod rpycTnyio no- 
BtcTb, — HeBecejio 6hjio na^ajio, Aa Majio xopomaro sKAaJio 
Mena h na Micrfe. Bh, botb, ocmotp^jih yace namy mKOJiy. 
IIocTpottKa ea saAyMana eni;e aeMCTBOMB, ho AocTpaHsajiacB ona 
yme nocjit nepeAa^H bt, i^epKOBHoe b^aomctbo h na i^epKOB- 
HHa cpeACTBa. CpeACTBi) ne xnaTHJio, noaroMy MeBOHKH-B ocTajica 
6e3'B nojia, HHacnitt aiaacB ne ^ocTpoeHB, h TairB TenepB na- 
xoAaT^ npiaTHoe oTAOXHOBeme AepeseHCKia cbhhbh. B'B to BpeMa, 
KorAa a npitxaji'b, aTa nocJi'hjiEsiii KsapTHpa, KOTopyro mh* h 



y 3UPflHi. 123 

npeAJio5KHJiH, fiHJia ao noTOJiKa aaHeoeHa CHtroM'b, a e^HHCTBeH- 

HHMH AByMH yA06HHMH A<^H ^KHJIbH KOMHaxaMH BdiBSlBi.JX'hjrh 

noHOMapb. JXjia. luiaccoB'b ocTajiHCb, KaK-b bhahto, ab* Majienb- 

Kia KOMHaiKH, BTE> KOTOpHXl) H H AOj'IHCeH'b ChJII. SaHHMaTbCH Ch 
COTHCK) CJlHHIKOM'b J^eHHKOB'b H JT^eHHI^'b. 3a HOCTpOfiKOft UIKOJIH 

AOJiJKCH'b 6ujrh Ha6jiK)AaTb cBameHHHK'b, ho B'b to BpeMa cbh- 
meHHHKH ^acTo cMtHflJiHCb, MejKAy yxoAOMi* oAHoro H Haana- 
HenieM'b Apyroro Chjih Cojibinie npoMe^cyTKH, h Ha6jiK)A6HiH sa 
paSoTaMH HHKaKoro He Chjio. HeMyApeno, hto bhmoK y nacb 
CHBajio HacTeHbKO ABa rpaAyca Mopoaa AasKe bo BpeMH saHa- 
Tifi... OTonjieHie BoaJiomeHO na o6a3aHHocTb CTopo^Ka, KoropHfi 
nojiynaerb sa 9to 20 pyGJiett. PeayjibTaTH nonaTHH: CTopoHCb 

CTapaJICa BKOHOMHXb... 

— Hy^KHO HHcaTb— ^epHHJia aaMepsjiH... Ho inKOJit nporyjiH- 
BaeTca B'feTep'b, CBHCTHT'b btd ae npoKOHona^eHHHa crfeHH... PyKH 
y y^eHHKOB'b nocHHijiH oxb xoji©Aa, h K05Ka na pyKax-b pac- 
TpecKajiacb ao KpoBH. HoB'fepHTe, hhoU paai) a cdiWh njiaKaji-b, 

KaK^b MajIbHHK'b... J^06aBbTe K-b 3T0My, HTO HH OAHH'b HBI* MJiaA" 

nmTh MOHx^b y^OHHKOB'b HH cjioBa He noHHMaji'b iio-pyccKH, a 
a HH caoBa He BHaa'b no-atipaHCKH. SdiThwhy y^HTb 6Hao ptmn- 
TeabHO He no ^eny. H ocMOTpta'b mKoabHyio 6H6aioTeKy h npn- 
mejTh B-b oTHaaflie: He 6Hao hh oahofo yneCHHKa, OAoCpeHHaro 
n^isi i^epKOBHo-npHXOACKHX'b niKoaij. Buao, npaBAa, H'fecKoabKO 
xopomnx-b pyKOBOAciB-b h nocoCiH, apeAHaaHa^eHHHX'b jxJisi 
aeMCKHXTb niKoa'b, ho bh snaeTe: jiJia i;epKOBHo-npHxoACKHx:b 
HiKOJi-b OHH aanpemeHH; flaniancb eme ABa caoMaHHHX'b nepa 
H KycoKi) rpn^eaa, — Coabme HH^ero. Gh ropa a HanHcaa-b 
6yMary bi^ y^HaHiHiHHft coB'feT'b; rjifk H3o6pa3Haii bch) 9Ty ropb- 
KyK) npaoAy. Moa 6yMara, cjiaBa Bory, npoHSBcaa Bne^axaiHie, 
H, xora He o^eHb CKopo h He bi> aceaaeMOM'b KoaH^ecTB-fe, a 
noayqHa'b BcexaKH KHHrn h nacbMeHHHa npHHaAaeacHOCXH 
ToabKo noji'h PomAecxBO Momno Onao, naKonei^'b, npHCxynnxb 
Kb sanaxiaM'b. IlporpaMMa 3HpaHCKHX'b mKoai) ne Menbme, 
^'hwb B-b pyccKHx-b, Kypcb CHa^ xome AByxroAHHHHitt (xe- 
nepb yBean^en-b ao xpexii Jihrb), a mh* npHxoAHaocb eme 
y^HXb A'feTea pyccKOMy asHKy... Jl^tao bxo o^enb xpyAHoe: 3H- 
pflHCKia HBHRi) He QRfieTb poAOB'b, HoaxoMy MOH nepBtie yneHHRH 
He nepecxaroxi) eme nncaxb, hto „Maab^HK'b ryaaaa, nHcaaa", 
HTo OH-b „cy^Koi! yKoaoaa Hory" h x. n... A xyrb eme h caMOMy 
MH* npHxoiiHaocb yHHXbca no aHpancKH. Hepe3'b noaxopa 
Mtcai^a a cxaa-b noHHMaxb HOMHoro SHpaacKyro pi^b; cb y^enn- 
KaMH 3aHHMaaca yxpoM-b h Be^epoM'b; ajih BspocaHX'b ycxpona-b 
npa3AHH^Hua Hieaia... Bt) KOHDii kohi^ob^, mh* yAaaocb Bce 
xaKH BHnycTHXb BTy nepBHft ace roA'b BoceM-b ^eaoBiK^b co 
CBHA'feTeabcxBOM'b Ha abroxy; CoatniHHCXBo SHpan-b cxaao nocai 
9Toro oxHocHXbca Ko MH'fe Cb paAyHiieMi)... Ho 3a to Kh Hacx* 



124 



PyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 



y MeHH noRaaajiacb m'h ropjia Rposb, h Tenepb npn m aji'bfiineBrB 
HanpjiMceHiH rpyAB 3K«eTB to^ho orHeirB. 
Dfloma saMOJiHaji'B h noHHRi> rojiOBOft. 

— 5Kh3HB SA'fecb, flojiacHO 6HTb, HeAopora, h lenepb Bairb 
XBaiaerb na ace?— cnpocHjn a... 

— ^a, a BceraKH b KpyroMi> bi AOJiry: npHmjiocb Bnnjia'iHBaTb 
Bhewb, CA-fejiaHEHft Ha notsARy cdab... A BartM'b... SnaeTe, KOMy 
H CoJibme Bcero nepenjiaTHJTb SAtcb AeHeri>? Bh, nomajiyiJ, ne 
noBtpHTe: Ka6aTHHKy!.. 

— KaK'b? Jlfl. Btflb BH, KajKeiOH, coBcbM'b He Hbere? 

— ^a, He HbD, a Ka6ajnKyK) noBHHHOCTb, rfemb He Mente, 
AOJiaceH'b HGCTH HcnpaBHo. Tenepb, noJiojRHM'b, aneprH^Ho orb 
Hea ocBo6o5KAaH)Cb, ho CHa^ajia ne XBaxajio Ayxy. HeonHTeffb 
6ujrh... C'b nepBaro :Ke ahh npi'&BAa ro uwh noiiBHJiacb Macca 
BH8HTepoBTE>... IIpeMtA© Bcsro — xosflHH'b KBapTHpH. „Borb, ro- 
BopHTb, npemnift y^HTejib, ax-b, xopomitt nejioB^KTb CHJia, anajia, 
HtM'b namero 6paTa yBaacHTb: saBcerAa BOARa 6HJia..." 3a 

HHMTb — At^KOH'b: „HAy 9T0 H MHMO H AyMBK): Aaft nOCMOTptTb 

Ha HOBaro ynHTejia... Oy, Ran-b xojioaho Ha ABopi!..* — He xo- 
THTe jiH, roBopio, qaio? — „HaK)?!.. HaeM-b pasB'b corp'feeinBCH? 

BoPb H BHAHO, HTO HeonHTHUft HeJIOB^R'b, OnHTHHfl He TO 6h 

npeAJioacHJi'b..." — A laM-b nncapb, (|)eJibAniepTE>, noHOMapb... 
H Bci H30 AHa B'b AGHb, Coji'fee HJiH Menie otrpobchho, bh- 
CRasHBaioT'b oaho HeHSMtHHoe sKejianie... Tenepb, BnponeM'b, 
HaHHHaDTb yCtacAaTbCH, hto ^y^HTOJib nejiroAHM-b, Becejioft 
ROMnaniH ne yBamaerb; xoAHTb R'b HeMy ne ctohti>, pa3B4 
yacb coBC'feM'b HeRyAa 6ojibine A'^saTbca." fl, RoneHHo, BTony 
oTb AyniH paA'b... fla Borb oAHH'b hbt, nocTOHHHHX'b MOHx-b no- 
ctTHTejieft, — JieroRT> na noMEHt... 

Jl^Bepb na 6ajiR0Fb 6HCTpo pacTBopnjiacb, h B'b nefi noRa- 
aajiCH JleoHTif!. BnA'b y Hero 6uji'b ne coBciMTb HopMajibHHft: 
oHi) pacTopaHHo noBOAHJTb rjiasaMH h BHHOBaio yjiK6ajiCH. B'b 
ROCTDM* eiu,e npoHBomJia nepeiiiHa: CproR-b ne 6hjio bobco, 
larb aaMinajiH sHpaHCRia „ra^H". 

— ^To C'b ToCofl? Fa* sue CpioRH, Roropna h leOt AaJi'b? — 
crjpocHJi'b y^HTOJib. 

— KaRia 6pK)RH?... — cnpocHJi'b Jleonrift c'b npHTBopHHM'b 
yAHBJiemeM'b... — Atl, jifil.. TaRi* BtAb offfe, HnaH^ HnROJiaeBHTb. 
coBctM'b ciapHa... JSfi, npMTOM'b, B'b eproRaxi* Tenepb h xoAHTb 
HeyAo6HO... 

— 3to eni;e no^eny? 

— IIoTOMy acapRO... Ho HHH'femHeMy ceaoHTy, MO»tHo cRa- 
saxb, coBepmeHHO jiHrnnaa oAoaca... fl hxt* h ycTynnji'b <E>e- 
Aopy OeAOC'feH'iy. 

— Kto TaRoft OeAop'b OeAOcbn^'b? — nojiio6onHTCTBOBajrb a. 

— OAHH'b TyTb y Hacb... ^ejioB'feR'b xaRoft ecTb... IIpHBceM'b 



y BUPflHi. 125 

npoHeM'b, 6ojiBmoB cRapeA'B, — saMHHaAOb, oOiiACHHJi'b Jle- 

OHTlft. 

— Ka6aT^HK'i>, roBopHJiL (Jh npanol — noHCHHJi'B yHHiejib. — 
H KaRi> Te6'b He ctuaho JleoHTiii? IIopTHOfi 6e8'L OpioR'b! Hy^ 
Thwb TBI TenepB OTJiHHaembca otb sHpAHHHa? 

YHiSTejih nonaji'b, o^esHAHO, B'b 6o.iBHoe ifibcTo JleoHTifl. 

— AxT*, HeaH'b HHROJiaeBHSL'b^ — CRasaji'b offb He tiea-B nt- 
ROToparociiymeHiH,— nona hbtb poromt yBHarorb... Men^ ba'^cb, 
H Te6']b CRa:Ry^ oCflaaHU no^HTaxB bo bcsromb bha*^- y^W 
H OTcioAa, TaRii B'bAB Bcb bi» SB'&pHHHX'B mRypaxi> ocTanyTCH. 
A MH'6 pa3Bl^ JierRO hchtb lyrB, cpeAH Heo6pa80BaHHocTH?.. 3to 

B'ibAB TOHCe HyHCHO HOHHMaTB H I^'i^HHTB... HBaSB HHKOJiaeBHTB, 

Aaflre rpHBeHHH^eR^!— neoHCHAaHHO aaROHHHJTB JleonrUt cbod 

BamHTHTeJIBHyK) ptHb. 

— /I^eHerB ntrb, — otb^thji-b y^Hrejib. 

— SaoHCRy HanHUiHTe IIpoAy. hto6i> bt> AOJirb niRajiHR'B 
ornycTHji'B... Mnt — bto Bce paBHo... 

— H HHcaTB He cTaHy.,. H to y;K'B Tpn aanncRH Aaa'B. 

— HBaHB HHROJiaeBH^'B! fl Bt;iB ynpy, eft-Bory!.. — H 
JleoHxi^ jierB na nojn r-b HoraM'B yHHTe^ia. — He coflAy ctb 9Toro 
M'i^CTa, noRa ne AaAHTe!— ptmnTejiBHo sa^BHji'B ohb. 

— Hy, HTO ace, JieacH, ecjiH xoneTca... 

— JSjaM... yxpoOa ropHTB, olt, ott, otf... — BApyn>, aaRaTHBi) 
rjiasa, ahkhm'b fojiocomb sapeB'^JTB JleoHTift. — IIoMHpaK)!.. 

— BOTB B^AB JIK)AH HOHHe RaRiO, — oCpaTHJICH Ofl-B KO MH* 

TOHOMT) rjiyCoRofl ropeHH h TOT^acB ace onaTB BapesiJiB nen- 

CTOBHM'B fojiocom'b:— Ofi-Ofi-Ofl!.. 

— noroAH, H BorB ceKnacB noHOMapa nosoBy, — norposHJTB 

yHHTCJIB. 

— A HTO MHi noHOMapB? — CRaaaji-B JleoHTifl, npHnoAHHMan 
rojioBy.. — noHOMapB RynaTBca ymeji-B* Ofl, oft, ofl!!.. CMepTBMoa 
npaxoAHTB. 

— Hy, HTO MHt CB HHM'B JsfkjlB.Th? — CB OTHaaflieM-B CRasajTB 

yHHTeaB. 

— HannniH, HBaHB HHROJiaeBH^B, aanncRy r-b OeAOctniy, 
cefinacB yfiAy, — noACRaaaJi'B JleoHxifl, ohhtb npHnoAflHiiaa ro- 
jiOBy. — A a BOTB TeOi $0RycB noRaacy,.. 

H BApyr'B, npHC'feB'B Ha noJiy, sarnya'B caMtiM'B HeB-tpoaT- 
Bnwb o6pa30M'B Hory h nonecaa'B eio 3a yxoM-B. 

Ji.'bjlO ROH^HJIOCb Th^Ty, HTO yHHTeJEB BSaJI^B KJIOHeRlj Oy- 

MaacRH H HanHcajii> aanncKy. Ho TyrB y JleoHTia boshhrjih 

HtROTOpHH COMHiHia... 

— UBa,wb HHKOJiaeBH'i'B, a b^ab HpoAi* ne noBtpHrB. 

— Heny He noBipHTB? 

— JljBi HTO BH aauHCRy HanHcajiH... ^ejioBiRii-To o^eHb yarb 
HeBipoaTHHfi... ^anena Aoaro He xorbai* BipHTb: ta* bto 



126 PyOGKOB fiOrATOTBO. 

TH, roBopHTb, AypaKOBTj Hameji-b, ^to craHyTT> toCh na cboh 
AOHbrH noHTb? noAA'feJiajn>, roBopHTB, sanncKy. HsB-fecTHoe 
fltjio, - Heo6pa30BaHHHtt rpy6iHHi>... TaK-B yMCb bh 6h Toro... 
cKasajiH 6h eny, hto sanHCKa Bama. 

— Hy, HiTTb! B-B KaCaK-b h He notijxy. 

— TaK'B SI ero bohtj kb TOMy yrjiy npHBCAy... y jJaHb-Ce- 
HHHa AOMa. Bh eMy tojibko rojipBolt cb 6ajiK0Ha KHBHeie, oh-b 
H HoflMerL. 

JleoHTifl y^Ke otbophji'b ABepb, ^ttoOh bhUth cb CajiKona,. 
KaK'B BApyn* cb npoTHBonojioacHofl CTopoHH ' 8a py^Ky ABepn 
B3iiJiacb TOHce ^hH TO pyKa. JIfiepb oTBopmiacb, h na noporfe 
noKaaaJiCH noHOMapb. JleoaTiK MOMCHTajibHo KaKT)-To cT>e^Hjica 
H jiB.me HcnycTHJiB JierKif! ctoh'b. 

IIOHOMapb 6ujl'h BAOpOBeHHHf! A'feTHHa CB OKJiaAHCTOft pH- 

^efi 6opoAoJ!, CB njie^aMH b-b Kocyio caatenb h bjihmh rjia- 
saMH. 3aMH3raHHHfi KopH^HesHf! Ka(|)TaH'B ero hb'b „^opTOBoa 

K05KH" HaMipOBajICH JIOHHyTb HO BCfeMTi HIBaM'B, TaK'B KaK'B 

6h,;i'B HeofiHqafiHO ajih nero yaoK'B. Bvin-b noHOMapn Ohji'b Mpa- 

^eH'B, H OH-B TOT^aCB ^6 BnHJICfl TJiasaMH BI) JleOHTiH, KOTO- 

pH^, noA^B BJii.flHieM'B 8Toro BsrjiflAa, cpaay kbr-b-to noTycK- 
BiiJVb H CTymeBaJicH. 

— Th, CKOTHHa, QdL^'hWh BA'feCb? — BHymHTeJlbHO CnpOCHJTB 

noHOMapb. 

— S{ BaM-B, BacHj]iit BacHJibH^TB, yAOHKH npnroTOBHJi'B, 3aB- 
Tpa npenoAHecy,— cTapa^cb ysHJibHyTb otb np^Moro oTBisTa, 
CKasaji-B JleoHiifl. 

— He Hya«H0 MHi tbohx-b yAO^ieKB, y Mena cboh ecTb. 
Th OTBtnalt, HTO cnpamHBaiorB: sa^'feM'B th ohhtb cioAa npn- 
meji'B? B'bAt ^ TeOi BocnpeTHJi'B? FoBopn: BocnpeTHJiB? 

— 9to to^eo, ^to BocnpeiHJiH, — noKopno corJiacHJiCH 

JleOHTift H nOHHTHJICJI K'B ABepH, CB HBHHMB HaM'fepeHieM'B BH- 
CKOJIBBHyrB HQ-b KOMHaTH. 

— CTOft, cToft! — OKjiHKHyji'B ero noHOMapb: — Hto 9T0 y Te6a 
BT) pyKaxB? 

JleoHTia npoBopHo sacyHyjTB sanncKy 3a BopoTi> pyCaxH. 

— OnflTb 3.anHCKy K'b OeAOcfenqy? OnnTb BHMaeHjn>, pa3- 
CoflHHKB? Sa^AH TH eme CK)Aa pa3'B, — a Te6'fe noKaHcy KysB- 

KHHy MaiL. H KaK'B BTO XO^eTCH BaM'B, HBaH'B HHKOJiaeBHq'B, 
CB TaKOIO lUBaJIBK) CBfl3HBaTfcCa? — 06paTE[JICH nOHOMapb K'B y^H- 

TejiH). — yrocTHTb, TaK'B y^cB yrocTHTb ^ejiOB'feKa xopomarc. . 8to 

a nOHHMaH)! — CKpOMHO AOfiaBHJI'B OH'B. 

— A TH, JleBoxa, KorAa MHi copoK'BKon'beK'B oTAamB? — rpoano 
npncrynHJi'B OH'B ohhtb k'b JleoHTiK). 

— CKopo, BacHJiia BacHJibeBH^'B, eli-efl, CKopo. Ha jsjsax.'b 
yacB coBcfeM-B nparoTOBHJiCH OTAaBaTB, jxsl HBo-BacHxy BCTp'fe- 
THJi'B. TaKaa B36ajJMomHaa 6a(5a, — OTAaft Aa oTAali efl AOJirb. 



7 aupafi'B. 127 

Hy, a H OT^aji-B. ^Maio, ^t6 cb TCMHOtt 6a6ofl CBasHBaTbca. 
BacHJiift BaoHJibHH'b, ayMaio, — ^e^oBtKT> oOpaaoBaHHHfl, noflo- 
SRjieTh: jiBSL KJiacca ceManapiH, KaKi> 6hto hhChjio, npomeji'B!-— 
<5Ka3ajrB JleoHrift, o6paiu;aacL ko mh*. 

Ho noHOMapB He ^o;^J^aJIca na BTy JiecTL... 

— Th Mffb 3y6H-To He saroBapHBaft... Jlynme noAafi-Ka 
CK)Aa sanHCKy! — cKaaaji'b owh ptmHiejibHO, nanpaBJiaacb k-b 
JleomiK). 

Ho TOTb, no Mtpt npnCJiHrneHia noHOMapn, nsTHJica Kb 
ABepH H, HaKonei^'b, omynaB-b cKo6y, MOMeHTajibHo BHjierbJTB 
HBTb KOMflaTH H KyCapeM^b cKaTHJicH no JiicTHHA*. Repeal) mh- 
HyTy oH'b yme Ct^Kajn* B;iojib AepeBHH, Kb KaCaKy. 

HoHOMapb THHcejio onycTHJicH na CTyji'b h Mpanno ycTaBHJica 
B-b nojn>. 

— Tamejio uwh, y^Hrejibl— npoCypnajTb OH'b. 

— HoneMy ace, BacHJiift BacHJibHrnj?— y^acr^HBo cnpocHjrb 
y^HTejib. 

— Bnepa nonoBy Kyxapny cb npocBHpHeft noCnji'b,— Mpanno 
noacHHji'b noHOMapb. 

— Fmij! TeiKb B'hjxb Taatejio-TO B-b TaKHx-b ojiy^aiixT> (5h- 
BaeTb nofiHTOMy? — ycoMHHJica y^HTejib. 

— Hy, HTo HM-b!.. HonoBa Kyxapna cb yipa Kb 6jiaro^HH- 
HOMy no6"fe5Kajia h pyCaxy, noAJian, aaxBarajia... HaopBaJiT* h na 
Heft py6axy B^epa... A Bce Bt^b Hs-b-aa nona... 

— KaKij? PasBt oTeA'b HsaH'b ywee npiixajTb? 

— Htrb, ceroAHfl npiiAerb... 

— TaK-b KaK-b ace bh, roBopHTe, Hs-b-sa Hero crb KyiapKOft 
H npocBHpHeft... paacopHJiHCb? 

— KaKoe paacopHjio^? H ne AyMajn* ccopHTbca... Hto a — 

SBtpb, BT, CaMOM-b AiJli^, KaKOft, HT06h CO BCfeMH COOpHTbCH? — 

BApyr-b oCHAtjica nonoMapb. 

— B'b ^eMT) ace A*Jio? 

— Bi> TOMx, HTO oTei^-b HnaH'b nopy^HJi'b mh* npurjia- 
AHBaTb 8a AOMOMT)... HoHajiH? Hy, botb, Hjiy... H;iy bto a 
BHepa MHMo ero AOMa, a laMTb BTorb ac^H7^^> — npocBHpna 
cHAHTb. Hy, H HeMHoro, npHSHaTbca, bhuhbhih Chjib; mh* h 
noKaacHCb, hto Kyxapna KoflTami) *) ycipoHJia na (JaTromKHHO 
j^oCpo... Hy, H H Toro... noynHJH neMHoro KyxapKy... A xyrb h 
npocBHpHH, Hoprb ee anaerb KaK-b, noABepnyjiacb, — AoCaBiiji'b 

OHb CO B3A0X0MI... — ^OJiaCHO 6HTb, H Ty BaA'feJTb. TaK-b, He OHOHb... 

OAHa TOJibKO CtAa: npHrpoanjiTb eft c^b nbany: „He nonaAaftca, 
roBopi), BO BTopoft pa3i>, a TO H coBcfeM-b yCbK)!* — A ona, aana, 
co6pajia napoAi), Bcrajia na KOJrfeHH h Kpn^HTb: ^CJiymaflTe, 
roBopHTTb, npaBocjiaBHHe, — ecjiH naftAexe, roBopHTb, Moe MepTBoe 

*) Koflrauii — nHpyuiKa. 



128 pyOCKOB BOFATOTBO. 



^ 






rbjio, TO ThKb H 3HaflTey ^o iceHA noHOicapb nop'i^inHjii> 
BoTi» FJ^Ab crepBal A B;!i;pyrB, ^oprb ee bosbmh, ona h BnpaicK 
oRaHypHTca: b^ab eH yscB sa 60 nepesajuuio... H AOJi^enii lorAa 

OTBiTHTb.., y^HTeJIb, Cy^b Apyi^, nOCOBtTytt, HTO A'bJtaTb? — 

xpHajiuM'B 6slooui> saKOHiHJTB noHOicapB. 

— He 3HaK), npaBo... — CKasaji'b y^nrejib.— Hyacao 6h BOAsy 
nepecTaib nHTb, — 8to rjiaBHoe. Ha HyacHO, KOHe^Ho, KymiTb ho- 
Byio pyCaxy KyxapK*. 

— Hy, HTO me, Hoprb ci> neft, noacajiyft, Kyiuiio,— ptmn^'b 
noHoicapb. 

— noTOM'b ycnoKOHTb npocBHpHK) H J o6'hHX'b nonpocHTb 
npomeHia... 

— 9Toro He Mory! — OTBtTHJib noHOMapb ci> Mpa^Holt ptmH- 

TejIbHOCTbK). 

— IIoHeMy me? BlvAb bu npHSHaere ce6H BHHOBaTHirb? 

— BHEOBaTB-TO, noacajiyJi, non'b, a ne a... 

— J],pajica-To KTO? 

— ^a pasB'b 8T0 ApaKa? ^MaeTe, a hxi> Ohjh, KaRi> cji'6- 
Ayerb?.. 

IIoHOMapb f Apyn> BOOAynieBHJicfl, BCRO^HJi'b CO cTyjia h sa- 
cy^HJi'b pyKaBii. 

— JIfl, ecjiH 6h a pasi) Aa<iii>, KaRi) cji'ibAyeT'b, to OAHHicb 

6h BdMaXOMT)... — npH 9T0MI> OH'b nOTpaOX CBOHWb rpOMaAHUM'b 

Kyjia^HmeMi) nepeAi> HocoM-b y^HTeJia, — Tyrb 6h h KOHe^b... 
A H... a.,. A^JiHRaTHo! — CRpoMHO AOROHHHJi-b OH'b, onycRaa RyjiaRi>. 

— Hy, KaR-b BHaeTe. Ho MoeMy, pasTb ocRopCnjH) lejioBtoa 
H xo^emb ci> HHM7> noMHpHTbca, TaRi) nymno npocHTb npouneHia. 

— TwhL — npoeypHajii) noHOMapb: — aTo y Cae-b npomenia 
npocHTb?.. Hoacajiyia, nocjii yRoparb... A ne nonnpHCb, — orb 
6jiaro^HHHaro AOCTaneTca. HsaH'b HnROjiaeBH^'b, — saROHHHjrb 
OH'b HeomHAaHHo: — cxoah ym'b th, nonpocH npomeHia. 

— JIfl, BlvAb ApaJica-TO He a, a bh. 

— Hy, aTO Bce paBHO. CRaacn, AecRaTb, Ha to me caMoe 
AyMaio... HoHaji-b? ^lo th roBopnmb, a 8to canoe AyMaro... 

— Htrb, He roAHTca... PasBi ym-b BM-fecTt? — CKaaaJi'b y^H- 
xejib. 

HoHOMapb onaTb ycTasHJica rjiasaMH bb nojii*, noAnepca 
pyRaMH H CTajTb HBAasaTb RaRie-TO sByRH, noxomie Ha pLraame. 

— 9-9X'b! — RpaKHya'b oHb cb AOcaAofit... — Hy, cxoahmi*, RorAa 
TaRi), saBTpa... ceroiiHa ne xo'ierca, nesAopoB'b. 

— HtT'b, ysach HATH, TaR'b ceia^acb. 

— He Mory, hofh ne necyrb... BoT'b ^to: cxoah th, y^H- 
Teab, HanepoAT), noroBopn h ysHaft, RaR'b oni npHMyrb. A to 
BtAB, B'b cjiynat Hero, — a npaMO Te6i roBopio: R0H(|)y3y 
He BHHecy... onaTJb no6bio!— (|)aTajiHCTH'?ecRH BaRJHonHJi-b noHO- 
Mapb. — CA^JiaflTe MHJiocib, Hfian'b HnROJiaeBH^'b, ym'bcxoAHTel 



y suPiiH'B. 129 

— Hy, xopomo,— corjiacHJica y^HTejib, — 6yAeTi> CBoOoAHoe 
BpeMa, — cxomy. 

HoHOMapb npociflJi'B, a y^HTejib nocMOTp'fejii> Ha mchh h rJiy- 

6OKO BBAOXHyjI'b. 



III. Ha T^'hKh. 

Ha ptKi Bce uiJia paCJoTa Cb njioraMH, KOTopHe crauH na 
HejTb. CojiHi^e yme caAHJiocb, 6mjio thxo, h TOJibKO ct> ptKH 
oTqeTjiHBo AOHocHJiaCb HecKJiaAHaa SHpaHCKan ntcna. Ho BorB, 
oHa BApyri> saTHXJia. Hjioth, bhahmo, cHHJiHCb c^b mbjih. Ho 
cyeraa na KHx-b ne tojibko ne npoKpaTHJiacb, a, CTajia, KaK'b 
6yATo, eiu;e czjibHte. My^cHKH, CABHHyBmie ejioth, oAHffb aa 
ApyrHMT) BnojiaajiH na hhx'b hb-b BOfliH, h ApeMaBmie fiepera 
orjiacHJiHCb BBpHBOM-b pyraTejibCTBTj h kphkobt*, kotopho ryjiKO 
noHecjiHCb no piK*. 

— CnopiiT'b qoM'b-To? — cnpocHjn> si y noHOMapa. 

— A 9T0, A0JI5KH0 noJiaraTb, em;e boakh npocarb... — otb*- 
THJi'b TOTB. — Boffb noApaA^HK-b, BT> KyMa^HOt! pyOaxt h hoa- 
A^BK*, cTOHT'b, pyKaMH paBMaxHBaeTT),— BtpHO 6oJibnie AasaTb 
He xo^eTB. 

KpHKH H pyraiejibCTBa ycHJiHBajiHCb. BApyn> na njiOTax-b 
Bce sanieBeJiHJiocb h cjiHJiocb bt* o6wi,yio Kyny... B'b BosAyxt, 
HaA'b rojiOBaMH rajiAame^ tojihu, noKaaajiHCb ^ibh-to hofh, no- 
Toarb MejibKHyjia ^ejioBtHecKaa (j^nrypa h rpyano nojieT'fejia bi> 
BOAy, 8a Hefl Apyraa, TpeTba... B'b oaho MPHOBeHie ptna Bcnt- 
HHJiacb oTb JieraiuHX'b B'b Bo^y nejioB'b^ecKHX'b rhjubj bhojih- 
BaBinHXT), CHOBa ji'J^aniHX'L na nJioTH h onaxb c6pacHBaeMHX'b 
OTTyAa. Ha piKt npoHcxoAHJia nacToamaa 6HTBa. Hpothbhhkh 
CpocaJiH H TOJiKajiH Apyrb Apyra B'b BOAy. CM-femaHnHfi ryjrb 
pyraTejibCTBi* CToajrb HaA'b M'fecTOM'b 6htbh... 

— BoH-b, B'b (5'fejiHX'b ranax-b — aTO HamH, a B'b CHHHX'b — 
iuiotobh^hkh! — o6'bacHHJi'b uwh noHOMapb. 

CHHie ycHJieHHo TOJiKajiH 6'fejiHX'b bb BOAy, ho h O-hJiHe ne 
yHHBajiH: npeai* MHHyry ohh BHnJiHBajiH onaib na noBepxHOCTb 
ptKH H, OT(|)HpKHBaacb, ji'feajiH Ha aCapAam-b. CnHie Toace 
Hep^AKO OHHCHBajiH napaOojiH B'b BOBAyxi h mjienajiHCb B'b 
BOAy- HoApaA'^HK'b A'feHTejibHo ynpasjiaji'b njioTOBinjHKaMH a 
caM-b y^acTBOBaa'b B'b CaTB'b. Oh'b cOpocaji'b cb ce6a noAA^BKy, 
H BHAHO 6HJI0, KaK'b oTb oro MoiHjHHX'b pyK'b HanpaBo H Ha- 
a'feBO HHpajiH 6'hmisi rana. 

— SAopoBo A^pyTca... JIobko... Botb kerb nama, botb KaK'b 
aama... Mojioadih... He BHAaBaia, ae BHAasafl... JKapb!.. Xa, xa, 
xa... — Bce 6ojrke a Cojiie BOOAynieBJiaJica noaoMapb, cji-feAa aa 

J6 7. OT;iitjii> I. 9 



130 PyOOKOfl BOrATOTBO. 

xoAOMi» 6htbh. On^b CTRRiiSLJVb RyjiEKH, Tonrajicfl na ^ark a 
BOo6ii];e BHRasuBOJi'L 3HaRH BejiH^a^maro BOJmemji, cjiobho na- 
xoAHJica Ha caMOMT) Mtcrfe 6htbh, KOTopan, MeJKAy tj^itb, npo- 
AOJi^ajiacb CB nepeM'ibHHUM'B ycn'bxoM'b. 

BApyPB CijiHa raHH npHAyMajiH hobhA MaHesp'B: oh* He 
noJiBJiH yme na hjioth^ a, Apy^Ho cxBaTHBmHCB sa Kpan hjio- 

TOBI) H 8a BepeBRH^ -ROTOpUMH HeAaBHO CTaCRHBajIH nJIOTH CB 

MejiH, Tenepb noTanyjiH Exrb ofipaxHO... OnaTb noojinmajiacB ne- 
CKjiaAHa^i H'i^CHH... 

Ha DjioTaxTj CKopo nonajiH Manenp'B BparoB'B, ho conpoTHB- 
Jienie 6u3io nanpacno. B'fajiUH rann, KdLErb MypaBbH, RonomnjiHCB 

OROJIO nJIOTOBT*, H HC npOHIJIO H'feCKOJIBRHX'B MHHyTB, RaR^B Ra- 

pasaHB, BHAHMO, TpoHyjica onaTb b-b ciopony mcjih. 

— BaTiomRH! — BCRpnnaji'B noHOMapB, — onaTb na Mejib Ta- 
myrB... Botb oto jiobko! 

Bhjio o^OBHiiHO, HTo MaHeBpx yAacTca. Paaropa^eHHHe bh- 
HHTOia ysme boakoS HApaRoft, SHpaHe oBBiptJiH h, HSAaBaa ah- 
Rie RpHRH, noxo5Kie na BOt! rojioAHHX'b bojirob-b, cb yAHBHTOJiB- 

HOD OHCTpOTOfi yHH^TOJKajIH BCC, ^TO 6hJI0 AOCTHPHyTO TaRHMH 

npoAOJi^HTe«iiBHHMH TpyAaMH; hjioth Bce npnCjin^ajiHCB ri> 6e- 
pery^ PA'fa BHAaBaJiacB Cojibmaa nec^anaa Roca. Bhaho 6hjio, 
RaRi> na njioTaxi>, bi> oTiaanm, MOTajica npHRasHHR'B: ohb yaee 
He RpH^aji'B, a tojibro CeacMHCJieHHO TonTaJica na oahomt> irb- 
CTt... npomjio MHHyTH TpH, H nepoAOBbie naoTH yrRHyjiHCb b-b 
necoRB. HpHRaa^HR'B cocro^h^'b cb hjiotob'b fb BOAy, 3a hhmi> 
BKCROHHJiH naoTOBii];HRH. SaBasaaacB ox^aaHHaa CBaaRa, bI) ro- 
Topo^ yme HH^ero neJiBsa 6hjio pa3o6paTb. 

CRopo H3'B AepeBHH RB Copory npHM^ajica na aomaAH ypaA- 

Bb axo BpoMa b'b npoTHBonoaoacHoli CTopont piRH, AajioRO, 
noHTH HacaMOMi) ropHdonri^, noRa3ajica ahmorI). Hdi) i^epROB- 
Hofi orpaAH BHOtmaa'B CTopom'B, Bce BpoMa, cb pannaro yipa, 
CHA^Bpiia Ha RojiOROJiBHt H CMOTptBHiift Ha p*Ry. Oh^b Hanpa- 
BHaca Ri> TejrferaM'B, CToaBrnHMi* (5aH3'B AopRBH h oropoAOB-B, 
H 3B0HR0 RpH^ajiT* Ha BCK) A^peBHio: ^HapoxoAT* hactb!" 

HepoBHa BApyrB OMCHaa. Ho ysimj/h saCtrajiH 6a(5H, peOara, 
ocTaBmieca AOMa My^RHRn; npitxaBmie h3'b Apyrnx-B AepeBOHB 
6HCTpo sanparaaH aomaAefi. CRopo Bca A^poBHa oraacnaacB 
cRpHHOMTb Teair'B, pmaHBOM'B 8acToaBmHxca aomaAefl h Bece- 
aHM-B roBopoM'B napoAa. Tejiirn nanajiH cnycRaiBca r-b Cepery 
piRH, 3a HHMH BaaHa'B napoAi*. BnepeAH Bcbxij, oCronaa ao- 
maAe^t, M^aaacB 6ocaa, fi'j^aoroaoBaa h BcerAa Beceaaa BHpan- 
CRaa ^^eaaAB" *). BoaBmaa xoana SHpan-B ABHraaacB otb nao- 
TOBrb; o^BBHAHO, H TaMTj BaMtTHaH npH6aHmeHie napoxoAa... 



*) He;iHAb--pe6HTa ao 18 Jitrb. 



y dUPJiH'B. 131 

'Secb 6epenb oachbhjica, tohho HacTynHjn* sejiHRiK npaa^^HR'b. 
06iii;ee HacTpoeme HCBOJibHO coo6iABJiocb h Hairb, Henocpe;^- 
x^TBeHHUM'B apHTeJiHM'b CTpaAaHifit cHA'^Bmaro 6es'b xjii^6a na- 
pojifii. Mh oji'hjiKCh H Tome nomjiH Ha p'bRy. 

BeperB y«e BecB Chjit* ycTaBJient TejrbraMH h ycHnani* toji- 

HOtt. HtROTOpHfl AOMOBHTUH dUp^HKH yCD'^JIH danaCTHCb MO- 

jioKOM'b, CMeTaHOK), ^iBi^aMK H, Brb Uhjs.emji'h bhtoahoAi npoAa^icH, 
^HepriiHHO npoCnpajiHcb ^epes'b rycTyio cxtHy napo^^a. Hoji^a^ 
Jiemajia Ha necK% hjih CHA'^a na 6epery, CB'ibcHBinH hofh bi* 
BOAy. CoTHH rjias'b cb HanpHHcenHHifb BEHMaHieifb Chjih ycrpeic- 

JieHH BT* Ty CTOpOny, OTKyfla BHAHtjICH AHMOKT). IITjIH OMtHBJieH- 

HHe, HO HerpoMKie paaroBopu. 

— Hy, a HTO, KaKT* napoxoflB MyKH He Beaerb? — roBopHTb 

HO-BHp^HCKH HCTOmeHHHft TOJIOAOMB, MCeJITHft, CKyJiaCTHfi 3H- 

pflHHHii Bi) 6'i^JioM'b aasM'Jb, npi'&xaBmift visiy jidLJihEetL AepeBHH. 

— KaK-b TaK'b He Beaeib? — nporecTyerb.Apyrofl:— roBopnjiH, 
iiapoioAT> CyAerb cb xjrb6oM'b, EGjsfkji¥) HaaaA^ caMi* B'bYcTb- 
Buifb cjiumajTb. 

— Or^ero JKe, ecjiH xaK-b, aa napoxoAOM-b 6ap«H ne bhaho? — 
cpoAOJiacaerb coMH^BaTbCH HceJiraK MyMtHK-b.— OAHffb napoxoAij 
liHoro jiH npHBeaerb?.. 9fit, THMO-Bacb *),— oOpamaercH ohtj kt* 
CTopoHcy, — BHAtJTb TH Cb KOJiOKOJibHH: BCAeTb 3a coCoft uapo- 

XOAB, HJIH Htrb? 

— BoTB yMCb, rocnoAa necTHHe, ne Mory 3Toro BaMX ao- 
noAJiHHHO cRaaaTb, — oxB'bHaeT'b no-pyccKH cropoacb, CHBmifl 
cojiAarb, — He bhaho axoro... ToJibRo cjramaji'b, ^to 6y Aerb 
napoxoAT* Ejibi^oBa, h 6e3npeMiHH0 cb MyRofl. Borb xenepb, 
3Ha^Hxi>, HaAO CMoxp'fexb no xpyCt: esKejiH ecxb na xpy6i 
<5'fejiaa nojioca, 3HaHHXi> — napoxoAi* Ejibi^oBa, cxaJio-Cnxb, cb 

MyKOft. 

3upiiHe MOji^ajiHBO CMoxpiixx BAaJib... IlapoxoAi), cna^ajia 
ica3aBniiflca xoHRolt, nocxeneHHO pacxexT>. 

— B'bJiaa nojioca! — paAocxHO BCRpHRHBaexii McejiXHfl BHpn- 

HHH'b. 

MHHyxH HepesT* xpn napoxoAB MeAJienno BunjoiBaexi* na 
-oepeAHHy ptRH. Tenepb ero yace coBctM'b bhaho; offb BeAexi> 
8a co6oft HeCojibmoft nayBORi* **). nayaoRi) CHJibHO 3arpy- 
^eH'b,— 6oRa ero nyxb-^yxb BOBSHmaroxcH naA'b boaoI^. Ha 6e- 
pery o^UBJienie paciexB. CoMHima HcneBJiH... Heji^i Ab na^H- 
^»exi> rpoMRO BHsacaxb, npHraxb, naxaxbCH no 3eMjrfe. 

— A B'bAB naeysoR'b-xo MajTb, — cRenxHiecRH 3aM*HaexT> 
-onaxb acejixHtt MyHCHneriRO,— xjrbCa, nomajiyfl, na Bcbxi* h ne 

XBdiTBTbl 



*) BacHJiifl THMoeeeBHq-b. 
**) .nayaoK-b*— poAT* 6ap)KH. 

9' 



132 PyOOKOfl BOrATOTBO. 

— H HTO 3T0, Cpamn, 8a nnpett xaKofi, — Bflpyn> BOSMy- 
maexca cTopoHCb, — TaKt h csepfiHTt, TaKi* h KOJieri*. Hto tkt 
HapoA'B o6e8RypaHeHBaeinb paHbme BpeidH? E^ojih 6u h SEBJih^ 
^To MyKH HtTi», TaFCb roBopzTb ^tojimeHT), ^To ecTb, AJia noA-^ 
Aep5KaeiH flyxy! IIoHHMaeinb? BjioOhh^ th HejiOBiKtl 

3jio6HHli ^eJioBtK'B ci> BHHOBaTHM'B BHflOM'b cKpeOeit y ce6» 
noA'b manKOfl h eme Oojiie cocpeAOTOHCHHO Brjia^HBaeTca b'b 
npH6jiHMcaiDmiflca napoxoA'B. IlapoxoA'B, onHCUBaa no ptK'b 
6ojibinofit nojiyKpyrb, HAeTi> k^b nameMy Cepery. Ha Hocy npn- 
roTOBJiaiDT'B flKopb H HajiKy. HeMHoro^iHCJieHHue naccamapii 
cBy^HJiHCb OBOJio KanHiaHCKOfl 6yAKH, na MOCTiiKi; BnepeAa 

BCfeXTj CTOHTL AyXOBHOC JIHIi;0 BIj mHpOKOnOJIOft fflJIHn'fe. „IIo- 

nacB iipi'fexaji'L*', — oC-bacaaerb mh* cocfeAt- HajiyCa napoxoAa h^ 
nayaoK-b aarpy^KeHH KyjiflMH MyKH. MyacHKH paAociHO nepe- 
MHHaioTca, npoOnpaioTCfl BnepeA'b. IIoBeceji'feji'b h mejiTbiA My- 

HC.HK'b: OHl) CaMOAOBOJIbHO HGTHpaeTb pyKH H pacTajiKHBaeTi> 
cociAeiK, ciapaacb BHfipaTbca no6jiHH?e K^b napoxoAy. PasAaeTca 
CBHOTOK'b, H napoxoAi» MeAJiesHO npHCTaeii* kl Oepery. FpoMKO 
BHB^HT'b i^tnb cnycKaeMaro bti BOAy HKopa; na Oeperb jieTHT'b 
^lajiKa, KOTopyio OHCTpo noAXBaTHBaeTij sHpaHCKaa ^ejiaAb h ct> 

KpHKOM'b H CMixOM-b TaUIHTb BBepX'b HO KOCOrOpy Kh paBB*-^ 

CHCTO0 Cepeai. HoAaeTca Tpan'b. nayBOKij Toace npncxaerb k-b^ 
Oepery. 

SupaHe OHCTpo KHHyjiHCb no Tpany, efliBa offb 6Hjrb nepe- 
KHHyrb na eepenb. 

— IIocTott, He jitsb, KyAa npeoib, supbe npoKJiaToe? — Kpn- 
^HTb HSB CBoefi 6yAKH KanHTaH'b, bhcokI^, pHHceCopoAHia m*- 
manHH-B, B^b KosKaHOM-b HHAJKaK'fe. — JIfiPi naccamnpy npofliH.., 
He nycKaxb! Befi exb b^b MopAyI--o6pamaeTCii oH'b Kb Maipo- 
csiWh, cToamHMB y 6opTa. 

KanHTaHCKan KOMaHAa HeMeAJieEHO hphboahtch b^b hchoji- 
HBHie, H nepBHe hb-b AocTHrmHXB yme eopxa napoxoAa, oxopo- 
nijio, nonecHBaa bb aaxHJiKaxB, naxaxca naaaAB hoab yAapaMH 
MaxpocoBB. 

IIo xpany cxoa^xb na Oeper-B naccawcHpH: cxyAenxB, ABa 
cojiAaxa H eiij,e HtcKOJibKO HeonpeAtJieHHHXB JiH^HocxeK. Bcb 
ycxpeMJiaroxca kt* BupaHKaM'B, cxoaiahmb cb mojiokomb h ^a- 
i^aMH; BaBHBHBaexca o^cHBJieHHHft xopri^. 

B^B Baiuiio^eHie, no^Bjiaexca MicxHHft 6axioinKa,. Harpymen- 
HHfi BceBOBMo^HHMH cBcpxKaMH. IlaccasKHpH BtiniJiH ymo Bcfe; 
xpant cBoOoAeH'b. BHpane onaxb oahhb aa ApyrHM-B xicHHxcH 
KB napoxoAy; nepeAOBHe ocxopo5KHO na^HHaroxB noAHHMaxBCJi 
no xpany. 

— CKasano BaMB: ne xoahxb cioAa! — onaxB rpoaeo Kpn^nx^ 
Kannxan-B. — JKapB hxb, bo hxo nonajioI—roBopHxi) ohb Maxpo- 
caMB* 



y 8UPJIHI. 133 

* 
Ho Ha 9Torb pasT* anpHae ysce Aepacarb ceOn ocTopoacHite: 
«a caMH^ napoxoA^ ohh ynee He bcxoahtb, a jiHmb sKMyrcH na 
Tpani, — noaxoMy „»apHTb*' He npHxoAHTca. 

— My^KH 6h HaMTj, Bame creneHCTBol — tockjihbo roBO- 

pHTB OHH. 

— IIoro^HTe, ^ero ToponHiecL?— oiBi^aerB KanHTanx.— He- 
tSocb, A&BHO rojio^aeTe, zna ho noKOJibjin, a TenepL nojinaca 
nofloscAaTL ne Moaceie. Hahtc na naByaoK-B, orryAa BaMi: or- 
nycTHM'B. 3Ta MyKa b'b ropoA'B, — Bupane cxoaatb cb Tpana h 

06l>HCHflK>T'B 3aAHHMT>, B'b ^ewh jjfkjio. Bct HanpaBJiflioTca Te- 

nepb K-B nay8Ky. 

OcTaBHBii HBana HnROJiaeBHia paaroBapHBaTb cb npi'bxaB- 
inHMi) cBAH^eHHHKOM'b, H nomejTb Bcjri^A'B 8a MysKHKaiiH. 

Ho naysKy BaacHo pacxaacHBaji'B ^AOB^peHHufl'' KynAa, ot- 
flpaBHBmaro xji'bC'b, cb dacajieHHoio khh»{rok) B'b pynax^b, h no- 

BtpjJJTb KyjIH Cb MyKO^. 

— Hy, HTO, KOMb^cb, da MyKofl?— roBopHT'b oHt aupaHaM-b:— 
He JiiBbxe, He JiiBbTe. noroAHie, AaftiecpoKT)... Cmotph y mohh, — 
SI TB noKaacy! ^att Borb BTOiiy no manK'fel — npHKasHBaerb offB 
pyjieBOMy... 

— FocnoAH, Boate Mofi, — cjiumy h ynHJiyrosHpHHCKyK) pt^ib, — 
KorAa ace naifb xjitOyniKa AaAyrt? JIomaAH coBcbM'b HSMopn- 
jiHCb, y caMnxi) khhikh noABOAHTb; xoxb 6h aa-CBtTJio npHBejTb 
TocnoAB AOMOft npitxaTb. 

— Hy, KOMbHCb, — KpH^HTb, HaKOHeifb, Cb naysKa ^aob*- 
peHHHfl", u^ima. KHHHCKy B'b KapMaHT), — lenepb Moacexe noKy- 
naxb MyKy. HporojioAaJiHCb, neCccb, cyKHHH a*th? MojiHxe 
Bora sa namero xoBanna. CoBcfeM-b 6hjio oxAyMajiH Myny K'b 
Baiifb Be3XH,\na cJiy^aftHo npocjiHmajiH, ^to CKopo cb rojiojxy 
noAOXHexe. MyKaA^nieBaii: no pjOjiro cbmh rpHBCHb cb nyAHKa. 

— ^oporoBaxo, Bama mhjiocxb, — ocMtJiHBaexcH saM'hxHXb Bce 
TOTb ace aceJiTHft anpHHHH'b (na 8X0xi> pas'b OH'b roBopHXT> no- 
pyccKH). — H cjiHniajia, xjiifedT* B'b Y. MHoro AecaeBJie. 

.^OBtpenHHt* " npHHHMaeTb o6HaceHHH^ bhat*. 

— Th cjiHmajia? — KpH^fflxT> OH'b.— 9xi>, xh, 3Hpbe! „Cjih- 
inajia',— Hy, xaKT* h oxnpaBJiattca B'b Y., noKynaia xaM-b. PaaB-b 
xeC'fe KTo HacHJibHo MyKy HaB«3HBaerb? Xomb,— h xe6'b MyKa 
He AaMT>? Xomb, ajiH h*xT)? — noACKaKHBaexi> „A0B4peHHHll*' 
K'b npoxecxanxy. 

— BoJiH Bama... fl rsiKb xojibko CKaaajia... — roBopHXT> aceji- 
Tufi MyacHR'b ynaBmHM'b rojiocoM'b. 

— CJiHmajia... cKa3ajia... — nepeApasHHBaeTb^AOBtpeHHHft": — 
BaMi> Ao6po A*JiaiDTi>, a bh ho noHHMaexe... A xh, botb, en^e 
H HapoA'b MyxHmb.. CMoxpn y mohh... Hy, KOMbHCb, ROMbHCb, 
<JepHxe MyKy, BUHHMafixe Aenbrn,— b-b KaacAOM'b Kyjrb ho bocbmh 
nyAOB'b. 



Hi Py 00101 BOrATCTBO. 

Ha^HHaexcA npoAaaea MyKH. 3upAHe AocTanrb H31> sapifa- 

HOB'b, aTBfl3UBaK)TI> Cb BOpOia KOmeJIH H TpHRUUfl Ch ReBhr- 

raMH H 6epe»H0 aepecqHTUBaK)rb cboh RanHTajiu; ssBajiH- 
BBJOTb Apyn flpyry Kyjia aa cnHHy h TopiRecTBeHHO cxoj^rrh 
ci> HHMH no Tpany na 6epen>. HHorAa KyjiH noKynawrca kom- 
nameft HejiOB*Ea bi ABa, xpn. Ha Cepery h na naysK* HAyn^ 
o;KHBJieHHue neperoBopn Me^Ay ROMnaHbOHaMH no noRyns'^. 
Okojio nepeneceHHHX'b na 6epen> Ryjief! cioarb Ry^RH MyacH- 
ROBi Cb HaAaMH H AOMOHaAAaMH. Becb 6eperb noRpKBaexcA 
MyHHOK) nujibK). Oaa me noRpujia ceihhh aupflncRHX'b asHMOBix 
H JierJia BaM'bTHEDfb cjioeifB na MHorin jmqa. 

— jj,a TH nomynafl, TRHH th pyKofl bi> cepeARy: Bhjih Bca-TO 
ona, RaRii ecrb, CHpaa, — ^yajmrnajii* a aeaROMHft roJioci. Fobo- 
pHjii* onaxb neyroMonHUfl mejiTnA BupnHHH'b. OhI) no jioROTb 
oaycTHJTB CBOD pyRy bt* pacRynopennHfi Ryjib MyRH h yB*- 
uteBaJii> CfltjiaTb to me OBoero ROMnaHbona no noRynR* — cfe^ 
Aoro crapHRa. 

— y«T> ecjiH pacRynopnjiH, to ne BosbMyii* Ha3aAi>, — ^sier- 
MaiH^HO saM'bTHJi'b CTapHR'b. — HaAo •herb, RaRyio AaJin. R 
TO cjiaBa Bory... Een'hjijo eea-b xjitCa nnTajiHCb pH6oft Aa aro- 
AaME. A MyRa B'ibpHo, "^to cupoBaTa... 

CTapHR'b AOcraJTb ropcTb MyRH h rjiyOoROMHCJieHHO CTaJi-b. 
moBaTb. 

— EcjiH HaM'b He AaAyTT>, to nycTb Apyrle HacTonmyJo 
MyRy nojiy^arb, — ne yHHMajica npoiecTaHT'b.— KoMbacb, — saRpa- 
Haji'b owb ^eTHpoM'B BanoBAaBrnHM-b supaHB,wb, ROTopae 6HCTpa 
6'hmajm rT) naysRy, OTHpan na xoAy CTpyHBmiftca noT'b: — KoMb- 
si(yb\ Xopomaa MyRa na napoxoA'b, npocHTO TBLWh. BA^cb CHpaa. 

CntmHBmie ocTaHOBHJiHCb, saTonTajiHCb na Mtcrb h ne 
BHaJiH, ^0 npeAnpHHHTb. 

— - HAHTe, HAHTe TyAa. noflAeMT* BM'bcrfe. KoMbacb!— rpoMRO 
o6paTHJica ohI) yace ro BcfeM-b, cyeTUBniHMca BOKpyrb nero bh- 
pHHaMi), — nofiAGM-b npocHTb RanHTana, hto6h HaM'b ofiMiHHjiH 
MyRy. Hto me bto TaRoe? JKAajiH, mjxsijm, aanjiaTHJiH xopomia 
AOHbrn, a HaM'b, BOH'b, hto AaJin! 

— BipHO, BtpHo, CHpaa MyRa, — corjiacHJiHCb RpyroM-b. 
BcRopt cjioBa ^CHpaa** h ^noAMOHOHHaa" oCJierfejiH Becb Ce- 

pert. Ho aApecy »cejiTaro BHpaHHHa co BC'fex'b cropomb hocjih- 
majEHCb 0A06pHTejibHHfl BocRJiHAania... 

— BtpHo roBopHTb HBo-Bacb-BHTb *), MOJioAeA'b HBO-Bacb' 
BHTb... HaAO npoCHTb Apyrofi MyKH... Mh A^HbrH nJiaTHM-b! — 

CJIHHiaJIOCb BCK)Ay. 

CRopo »«ejiTaro BHpaHHHa OKpyjRHJin rfecHoio TOJinolt; Bci^ 
ABHHyjiHCb R-b napoxoAy. TaMi> ceflnacb ace saMiTHJiH npnCjiH- 



*) HB0-Baci-3flTb— 3flTb BacHJiiH MBaHOBH<ia. 



y SHPJiH'B. 185 

meme supsiE'h n, oieBHAHO, xopomo hoehjih, bI) ^en^b a'^o. 
KanHTaH'B cnycTHJicH bhh31> h ocTaHOBHJicfl y Tpana, npBHHBmH 
rposHnfl, CocBo^ BKffb, Okojio Hero co6pajiacb Ky^Ka cjiyatamnx'b 
Ha napoxo^i^; bhahh 6ujih ^a^ce RonnaR'b noBapa h mnpuaa 
(|)Hrypa 6y(|)eTqHKa. 

uKejiTHtt My»cHRi> Bun.'hjmjicsi nsii tojihh h B3omejrL na 
Tpanx; 3a hhitb noranyjiHCb MyncHKH, ne ycirbBmie Kynnrb 

MyKH. 

— Bame CTenencTBo,— po6KOHa^aji'b»tejiTHt!MyacHK'i>, — bot-b 
aTH MyacHKH xorarb MyRH Kynnrb. 

— Hahtc Ha nay80KT>, cKasano BaMi)? — cepAHTO KpHKHyjii) 
KanHTaH^. 

— TaMTj, Bame crenencTBo, MyKa cHpa«, HHKy^a ne ro- 

JIhi^o KanHTana MrnoBeHHo CarpoBierb. 

— Hto? Hto th CRasaJi'b? Myna ne ro^HTca? Tu napoATb 
CMyrbflHHTb? — KanHTaH'B cxsaTHJi'b 3a Boporb acejiraro 3HpH- 

HHHa H CTSLJlb TpaCTH ero H30 BC'hX'b CHJI'b.— Bh, COCaRH, (Vb 

rojiOAy noKOJi'hBajiH, mh BaM'b noMorjiH, a bh bohT) hto?I 
Myna— BaM'b ne MyKa. KpyrjiHf! roAi* Ropy cb AepeBbeBT* Jio- 
naion>, a Tyrb h npaxoTH nomjiH... HopTb th aTaKo^! ^to th, 
roBopro, HapoA^b CMyTbaHHinb? Bnb CnCHpb aaxoT-feji-b? H Te no- 
KaHcy... H Te6« ytieKy... — H RanHTamb c^h Ra^tAHMTb cjiobom'l 
9HeprH^Ho noTpaca;n> BopoTOM'b Hso-Bacb aaTa, BApyrb npn- 
HaBmaro bha^ nejiOBiRa, ro BceMy paBHOAymnaro h noKopnaro 
cyAbOt. 

— CxoAHTe 3a ypaAHHROM'bl— oOpaTHJica RanHTaHi* r'b MaT- 
pocaMi*, Bce He BHnycRaa UBii pyKi* 6'&AHaro 3HpaHHHa. 

— fl Hfl^ero xyAoro ne roBopnjia, Bame cTenencTBo, — o6pa- 
THJica acejiTHfi 3HpaHHH'b R'b RanHTany, cb TpyAOMi* BHroBapn- 
Baa cJioBa (TaKT> Rp'i^nRo c»eaaa ero mei) RanHTaHCKaa pyRa). — 
H TOJibRo CRasajia, MyRa cnpaa, h ona B'i^pno^ ^^to onpaa... 
OcBoCoAHTe, Bame creneHCTBo! 

BnpaHHHik Rasajica B'b 3Ty MHHyry 6e3R0HeiH0 acaJiRHMi). 
Ho KanHTana 6HJrb HeyMOJUiM'b h em;e CHJibnte 3aTpac'b ero 

BopoTOM'b. 

3HpaHe, meAinie BMicrfe (yb HBO-Bacb-BaTeMi) R'b napoxoAy, 
Tenepb b-b Hcnyr'h acajmcb na Cepery. He ycn^Bmie Rynnrb 
MyRH Cb noHypHMH rojioBaMH HanpaBHaHCb R'b nay3Ry. Bci^M'b 
6hjio He no ceCt, a npn ynoMMHaniH o&b ypaAHHR* y mho- 
rHxi> sa^ecajiocb wb 3aTHJiR'fe... HocjaimajiHCb Aa»te pyraTejib- 
CTBa no aApecy Hso-Bacb 3aTa, ROTopnia Bi^Ho-A© Bnyraerb bt* 
RaRyK)-Hn6yAb HCTopiro. 

— He nycRaift ero, peCaTa, 3a ypaAHHROMi! — RpHRHyjrb 
HbaHH^ ro^ocb, npHHaAJie^aBmi^, o^obhaho, OAHOMy hs'b cpa- 
acaBmnxca na njioTaxb. — CjioBa 9th oTHOCHJiHCb Kb MaTpocy, 



L 



186 PyCGKOI BOFATOTBO. 

ROTopHfiy no npHKasaHiK) RanBTana, oTnpaBHJica no HanpaBJie- 
hId Ri) cejiy. 

HtcROJibRo ^ejioBtR'B saropoflHJiH Aopory Maipocy; ho He- 
MOAJieHHo me pas^iajiHCb ro«iioca, nopnqaBmie TaRolt oCpasi* 
jt']bf!cTBi^: MaTpocb CBoCoAHO npomeJTB ne^^y SHp^naMH h no- 
C'hmsLjTb Kb AepeBH-fe. 

BcRopt Ha napoxoA* noRaaajicH ^AOBtpeHHHitt". 

— Hero OHH TyTL rajiAarb? — oCpaTHJica oHii mrb RannraHy, 

rpOBHO OCMaxpHBaa My^HROBl). 

~ ^a BOTTB, roBopaTB, xji'bC'b ne xoponn>... 

— CbOJIO^h! — HCRpeHHO BOBHerOAOBajTb AOBtpeHHHfl. — HXT> 

orB rojioAHott CMepxH cnacaiorB, a ohh boht> ^to BHAyMajm... 

— Jliayrb, rajiAaTi>... ByHTB nacToamifi... Borb caMH^ nep- 

BH^ GMyTBHH'B,— OHI) HX1> HaCTpOHJII>: CBMrb CBOHMH ymaMH 

cJiHmajTB! — roBopHJi-B KanHiaHt, THRaa cbo6oahok) pyRoft bt> 
ncejiTaro BNpHHHna. 

— Th BHaenib, hto aa 6yHTi> nojiaraerca? — ^npHCiynHJi'b 
^AOBtpeHHHfl* R'B sHpaHHHy. — Mh leCt noKaaceM'b, hto ana- 
imrh HapoAT) cMyuj,aTbI 

HBo-Bacb-BflTb Tenepb npHHHJi'b oROH^aTejiLHo MtajiRifi bha'b 
H TOCRjiHBo OopMOTaji'b HTo-To BT* CBoe oHpaBAanie. 

— Cmotphtc bh y Mena! Si Bacb Bcbxi) yneRy! — RpH^ajii* 
wAOBipeHBHa" yme BcfeMB MyacHKaM'b, coCpaBmnMca orojio 
napoxoAa. 

— Mh tho.., mh HH^ero ne A^JiaJiH, — nocjinmajiHCb poORie 
roJioca.—A hto MyRa noAMOTOna, tslkb stAb bto bhaho ceftnacyB... 

— A? TaRT, BH Bce cBoe? — saRpH^aji'b, bhxoah hbi* ce6a, 
^AOBipeHHHfi", — Hy, xopomo. Bh aa 3T0 oTsiTHre. Bcxoahjih 
OHji na napoxoA'b? Momerb, cJiOMaJiH ^TO-nnCyAb? Hnnero ne 
cjiOMajiH? jKajiRo. A BOTb y ipana nepana maTaioTca... Xop- 
pomo-cb... IlocjiajiH sa ypaiiHHROM'b? 

— HocjiaHo, — cKaaaji-b RaniiTan'b. 

— OTJiHHHo!--oAo6pHJi'b ^AOBipeHHHfl". Mh CAaAHM'b 3Toro 
roJiyfiHHRa ypaAHHRy h cocTaBHMT> npoTOROJit. 3aBTpa a Hannmy 
npncTaBy... BynroBaTb? TpanH nopTHTb? Mh BaM-b iioK2imeuT> 
RysbRHHy MaTb... Mapm-b OT-b napoxoAa. Jl^ecaTCKie SA'fecb? 

— BoT'b A^c^TCRift, Bame CTeneHCTso, — oTBtnajio HicROJibRO 
rojiocoB'b, yRa3HBaa na ^ejiraro SHpaHHHa. 

— A, Taicb TH eniie h A^caTCRifit? Th, ana^Hrb, Apyrnx'b aoji- 
MtoH'b nopaAKy Aa noRopnocTH ynnrb, a th caM'b fiynryeinb? Hy, 
nonaAerb Tefii aa aTo!— 3jio6ho roBopnjTb ^jAOBtpeHHHtt*. 

— Si coTCRiflt, Bame cTenencTBo, — CRaaajn), BHJitaaa na-b 
TOJinn TyHHHfl, pHmifl anpanHH-b. 

— /l|ep5KH ero noRa, a noTOM-b mh ero ypaAHHRy CAaAHM'b. — 
KanHTaHi> nepeAajii* coTCKOMy aKejrraro anpaHHHa, ROTopHfi 
xenepb eABa A^patajica na Horax'b orb crpaxa h rojioAa. 



7 3BIPHHI. 137 

' — dTbj HB0-Bacb-3«Tb, — roBopHJTb coTOKifi, CBojin «ceJiTaro 

SHpaHHHa no Tpany, — Hanpacno th Bcer^a jminKa roBopninL. 

Bii 8T0 BpeMfl pa3;tajicfl aceHCKifl BHsr'b. Scfe, ne iicKJHo^aa 

cepflHxaro KannraHa h ^flOBtpeHHaro**, HeBojibHo oCpaTHJin cboh 

BdOpH BT> Ty CTOpOHy, OTKyfla HeCCfl BH3ri». 

Ba6H KaaaJiHCb niMTb-TO Kpaflne oCesKypajKeHHHMH; OH'fe ch 
HeHCTOBCTBOMii MaxajiH pynaMH h np^TaJiH aa ciihhh cbohx'b 
flo^epeil, nocHjian no ^bCMy-xo aApecy caMne nejiecTHHe anHxera. 
CjiHinajiHCb cjioBa „nponoflixa", „6e8CXHAHHKi>" h MHorinflpyri^!, 
eme Cojrfee Kp-fenKW. JI xaK«e orjianyjica, h oOoMjrfejTB. 

Moft BHaKOMHft ^yMCTBeHHHli'* nopXHOft JleOHXifi, B-b KOCXDM'fe 

A^ana ao rpixonafleHia, necca bo Becb Jijxb ^pe3T> xoJiny supHffb, 
HapoHHo BHOnpaa Mtcxa HaH6ojii>raoro CKonjieniH 6a6'b h 
A*B0Kb. Offb 6ujrb MOKpi,, Ha HeMt einie Ojiecxtjia BOAa; o^e- 

BHAHO, OWb KynaJICa H XOJIbKO HXO BHCKOHHJIb HSIi BOAH. 3aBH- 

A^B-B MeHH, JleoHxitt HeMeAJieHHO me ycxpcMHjicH b'l mok) 
cxopoHy, H3iiaBafl xopjKecxByromie kjihkh: bhaho Ohjio, hxo ont 
6iurh o^eHb aobojich'b cBoefi opHrHHaJibHOl! HAeeli, — h jj,SLme 
acAaJiT) co^yBcxBifl. 

Moe nojiojKeme 6hjio HesaBHAHoe. HanpacHO a orjiaAHBajica 
KpyroMX, B'L HaAeHCA* KaKi>-HH6yAb ycK0Jib3HyxL oxt> BSopoB'b 
cBoero opnrHHajibHaro 3HaKOMaro; ^pe3i> nicKOJibKO MrHOBemft 
H pHCKOBaJTb nonacxb vb ero MOKpHH oO'baxia, ho na axoxb 
pas'b cyAbCa cacajiHJiacb naAO mhoA. HtcKojibKo OypjiaKOBT* 
BHCKO^Hjio H3'B xojiHH H uperpaAHJio Aopory JleoHxiK). Ero 
HeMCAJieHHO noABejiH Kh Mtcxy, fa* JieacajiH ra^n h pyOaia, 
HaxanyjiH oth cxaxbH xyajiexa na HaAJieacamia ^acxH xfejia h 
cAajiH JleoHxia noAocn'feBmeMy coxcKOMy. 

BAajin noKasajicfl na B3MHJieHHoft jiomaAH ypHAHHR-b. Ha- 
Bcxpt^ eMy coxcKifl noxamnjii* JleoHxia. 

— Hxo HazrfcJiaji'b?— KopoxKO h rposHO cnpocHJi'b ypaffHHK'b 
AecaxcKaro, yxnpaa pyKaBoidTB oOhjibho cxpyHBimftCH noxi> cb 

OarpOBO-MtAHarO JIHIlia. ypaAHHRli 6HJn> CHJIbHO BBBOJfflOBaHI), 

jiHi^o ero nepeAcprHBajio; 6hjio o^eBHAHO, hxo oh-l nopa6oxajrb 
yaee AOBOJibHO. 

— HarHmoM'b, Bame OjiaropoAie, npn napoA'fe Ctrajial — 
oxpaaopxoBaji'b Aecaxcidfit. 

— Biy xojiOAHyio npH bojiocxhom'b... Ha xpoe cyxoKi)! — oxp*- 
aajit ypflAHHRt. 

JleoHxiH) axoTb npHroBopt He noHpaBHJica. On-b ropAO noA- 

HAJTb rOJTOBy H BaflBHJFb: 

— TpoH cyxKH — MHoro... Pa3cep«ycb! 

Kt> MoeMy yAHBJiemK), sanHJieme JleoHxianpoHSBejio Bne^axji'b- 
Hie Ha ypHAHHRa, oh'b aaAyMajiCH h yace sna^HxejibHo Marne 
npoHBHecTb: 






138 P70(S0B BOrATOTBO. 

— BtAb HaKypajiecHJiT*, SHa^HTb — h oTcnacHBafi, KaKT> me 
HHa^e? 

— Paacepacycb, — ynpHMO nacraHBaji'b JleoHTilt. — ^He jirofijiro 
Ha OAHOM'L whcTh cHA'feTL: xapaKiep'b y Mena ee TaKOfl... Mhofo 
TpoH cyTKH... Hto h TaKoe cA'feJiaji'b? BKa 6'hjjfii: HarHinoM'b 
npofi-biKajn)! Koro cTHAHTbca-ro? 3upba? TaKi* ohh caMH xo- 
flHjiH 6h, MoaceT'L, rojiHMH, Ka6H He a. HtrB, He cepflH th 
Mena, HeaB'B CeMeHH^'B. PaacepAnnib, — hh aa KaKin aeHbrH 
niHTb He BasoBemb... 

He BHaio, ^'feM'b 6h KOH^HJiocb aio oO'bflCHeHie, ho npne*- 
ataBmif! ci> napoxoAa Maipocb npnrjiacHJi'b yp^AHHKa oth pasfin- 
paTejibCTBa A^Jia cb ^ejiTHMi) bmphhhhom'b h npo^HMH 6yH- 

TOBiaHKaMH. 

yp^AHHK'b, oneBHAHO, paA'B 6hji'b nocKopte paaBHaaibca ch 

JleOHTiCMTj. OCTaBHBTb JleOHliff Cb COTCKHMI>, Offb nOBOpOTHJTB 

CBOK) jiomaAb K'b napoxoAy. JleoHTift 6ujii> Kpaftne HeAOBOJien'B 
TaKHM'b oOopoTOM'b A^Jia. /tojiro cjiHmajiHCb ero pyranb h yrposH 
no aApecy ypHAHHKa, KorAa oH'b noAHHMajica b-b ropy BMtcT'b 
Cb My^^HKONfb, Kp'fenKo AepmaBHiHM'b ero aa pyKy. 

— BoTh KaKOBa nama cjiymCa,— oOpaTHJica ko mh^ ypHA- 

HHK'b. — 9tO He TO, ^TO Bame JlfkjlO — B'B KHH^K-fe HHTaTb. Cett- 

^acb TOJibKO Cb njioTOB'b BOBBpaTHJiea: i^'fejibiK nacb BOOBaji'b, a 
Tyrb BOTb onaib jifb Jia.., Bha^Jih, ^to na njioTaxB-To TBopHJiocb? 
H CKaaajiB, hto bha^^jib ApaKy, h hto hjioth cHOBa nocaaceHH 
Ha Mejib. 

— TojibKo H BH^'bJIH? Hy, TaK-b 8T0, cKaacy Bani*, AajieKO 
He Bce<*. 

ypHAHHK'b ocTanoBHJi'b JiomaAb: 

— KaK'b TOJibKo HamH nepTH hjioth na Mejib HaTani;HjcH, 

TSiKb nJIOTOBHliHKH CB KHX-B H c64maJIH B'B JltCB. HmH B^Tpa 

BT> nojii. UoAp^A^HK'B xJitOa He AaBajii,, — nerA* 6hjio bbhtb... 
A HJIOTH CTajiH ysKT) TpH AHH HasaA'b; CHa^ajia hoapha^hk'b 
AyMaji'b cbohmh cpeACTBaMH o6o:aTHCb, Aa He Tyrb-To 6hjio: y 
rojioAHaro KaKaa cHJia? JSfi h B'B necoKT* o^eHb yacB sacbJiH. 
BoTB Tenepb, Bna^HTb, KaK'b iijioth onHTb na Mejin o^yTHJiHCb, 
njiOTOBin;HKH H p-brnHJiH, HTO Jiynme 6'hmaTb, ^'hwb CHA'feTb TyTB, 
Bor'b BHaerb— cKOJibKo BpoMH, Aa eme na roJiOAHoe Cproxo. 

— Hto srq bh Tenepb craHeTO A'feJiaTB?— cnpocHJiB a. 

— Hto me A'^^^aTB? Botb npoTOKOJi'b cocTaHOBJiH)... a Oojibme 
A^JiaTb nenero... UoApHAHHica a*Jio njioxoe. Oh-b hm'b BnepeAi> 
Cojibme nojioBHHH Aener'b oTAaji'b, a hjioth bbhjich AOCTaBHTb 
Ha cpoKT*. Tenepb neycTofiKy npHAeTca sanjiaTHTbl Paaaop'b (|)op- 
MeHHHli. OnyM'fcji'b BOBce: CpocHJica 6hjio 6'hmsLTh BAoroHKy, a 
noTOMB noAHep'B rojiOBy pyKaMH, Aa TaK-b h saifepK chahtb 
ceO'h Ha njioTax-B, KaKT> cTaTyK KaKofit... IIpaBAa, nacnopTH y 
Hero, Aa CKopo jih B3Hin;emb no nnifb, a Btpn'be, hto h njia- 



y 8BIPJIBI. 139 

THTb-TO MHOraM'B He^tMl*... OflHa^e, AO CBHAaHL^! BOTB Tyi-B, 
rOBOpHT'b, OnflTb BTOT'b HB0-BaCb-3flTb 6^^^!^ HaTBOpHJI'b. — H 

ypaAHHK'b BApyr-b npHHHJiii Mpa^HHfl H yrpoacaromifl A0Ji»tH0CT- 

HOflt BHA'b. 

fl, BocnojibBOBaBDiHCb cjiynaeMTb, ocTaHOBHJiij yp^AHHKa eme 
Ha HicKOJibKo MHByrb h pascRasaji'b eny Bce, ^cmj OiM'b cbh- 
jX'huejiewb. 

— TaK'b, roBopHTe, HBO-Baob-3iiTb HH^ero ocoCeHflaro ne 
CA'fejiaji'b? — cnpocHjT'b yp^/^HHK'b, saM'feTHo ocTHBan. fl eiue 
pasT* noATBepAHJii) nojiByio HesHHEocTB acejiTaro SHpflHHHa. 

— Hy, xopomo! TaKi* h ero TOJibKO nonyraro... Y^cb CesT. 
BHToro HejibBfl... yBaaceniH HHKaKoro He OyAerb... JIaAHo, ^rro 
BOTb BH nonajiH, a to iipHnuiocb 6h on^Tb npoTOKOJTB cocTaB- 
JMTb... Oho h to npasAa: osichho BTorb napoAi* napoxoACKift 
$opAH6a^Hrb... Boiocb, hto6w h Ha mphh He na^ajiofinjiHCb: 
npncTaBi* hm'b nepBufi Apyrb-npi^Tejib. — H yp^AHHRT* notxaji'b 
K-b napoxoAy. 

fl OTnpaBHJioa AOMOfit, nojiHHfl Ta^cejiHX'b BneHaTJitHi^, ho 

ilOBOJIbHHa T'feMT), ^TO H36aBHJl'b HH B'b HOM-b HenOBHHHarO HbO- 

Bacb-3jiTH orb npoTOKOjia a OHA^HiH B'b xojioahoA nocjit Ta- 
Koro npoAOJiHCHTejibHaro rojioAaHia. 

CBflHiieHHHKa H yHHTCJiH y»ce He 6hjio Ha Cepery; ohh yniJiH 
;ioMofl. Bhjio no3AHO. Cojinqe yHce AaBHo 3aKaTHJiocb. HaA'b 
pfeKoK noAHflJioa JierKift TyMan-b, necjio CHpocTbio... Ci* napo- 
xoAa padAajiCA nocji'bAHi^ CBHCTOR'b. 

— KynH aroAHl— ycjiHxaji'b h c3aAH h, ofiepHyBmHCb, yBH- 
A'iJi'b AoroHaBmyH) Mena Cocyio eijioCpHcyro Ai^B^omty, JitT^b 

TpHHaAI^aTH. 

— HtO CTOHTb? 

— JI,ac'b yp-b *) — OTB^THJia A^B^OHKa, noAcoBUBaa mh* 
^[aniRy cii seifjiaHHRoiK. 

fl CTajTb BTynHR-b. 

— JI,ecaTb RonieR'b? 

— HtTb, AacT) ypi>, — TBepAHJia ona. 

fl BHHy«)I'b Hdl) RapMana H'i^CKOJIbRO M'J^AHHX'b MOHeTl> H, 

pasjioacHBi) HX'b na pyR*, iipeAJio^tHJii) npoAaBmHi^t: 

— B03bMH, CROJIbRO TeOt HyMCHO. 

Ta nocMOTptjia na Aenbrn h OTpni^aTejibHo 3aM0Tajia ro- 

JIOBO^. 

— J^acb ypT>, — HacToflHHBO noBTopajia ona. B'b 8to BpeMa 
R-b HaM-b noAOiscaji-b Majib^nmRa, Tonce CocoHorifl, ont^ »chbhmh 
CHHHMH rjia3aMH. 

— HB-b, HB'b, — paAOCTHO 3aRpHHaJia A*BH0HRa, — jioR'b 
xa^e **)! 



*) Aacb ypi*— AecflTb 6'b;ioK'b. 
**) HeaH-b! Mah ciOAa. 



V 



140 pyOOKOI BOrATOTBG. 

Ma^bHHmRa chhjtb nepe^o MHofi manRy h GoltRO capo- 

— BxTb TH, MCHBan Aynia, nener-B c^HiaTb He yMtemb, — c^ 
npeHe6pemeHieM'B cKa3ajii> owh ntBHOHKt. — A hohto bt* ynn- 
jiHinie nepecxajia xoflHib? 

— npOCHTB TpH KOne^KH, — OfipaTHJICH KO MH^ Majib^yraHT*. — 

Ona H3'b TfcipMaca; TaM'B ^eHbrn eme na OijiKF c^HTarorb. H y 
Hacb CTapHKH TO»ce Ha etjncn c^araTOTii. 

— A fltAyniKa roBopHT^, hto b-b apencnee BpeMH Bcfe TaKt 

C^HTajIH. 

Si jiKJYh ;i'bB^OHK'fe, Kb HecKpHBaeMOMy ea ywBOjibCTBiK), 
HflTaKt H, aaCpasniH ^roAH, npoAOJiwtaji'b nyTb. Majib^yraH-b 
cb flocTOHHCTBOM'b Bamaraji-b pn^oMi) co mhoK. 

— Bn^ajiH, KaKoft ^ypaK-B JleoHTifl? — na^ajix OH'b paa- 
roBopij.-— BHmb, KaKyio cpaMOTy BHAyMajiii: HarHM-B 6'feraTb. 
JIaAHO, noHOMapH He 6hjio, — ohi* 6h eMy noKaaaJTb. IIoHOMapb 
CojibHO JleoHTiH He jiio6hti>... Ero Aa enije npocBHpHK). 

— A npoCBHpHK) 3a ^TO? — nOJIK)6onHTCTBOBajI'b H. 

— IIlTyKa OAHa PoatAecTBOM'b y nacb cjiy^HJiacb,— cepbesHo 
pascKasHBajix Moft MajieHbKift cnyTHHRT), AOBOJibHo npaBHJibHO 
roBopH no pyccRH. — Ilo-fexajiH mh cjiasHTb, — a npn nont BcerAa 
cocTOK). KorAa cjiasHTb •fesAHTb, xaRB y KamAofi hoaboah no abob 
pefiHTb, ^To6n HacjiaBJieHHoe b-b MimRH yfinpaTb, a noABOA'b 
MHoro; B-btAeMTb bt* AepeBHio, no Bceft y<jiHii;'fe pacTHHeMcn, 
6yAT0 oCoBi) BB IlHTep'b Cb pnfiRaMH *) HAexb. IlepBaH noA- 
BOAa — nona, BTopan — AbHROHOBa, xpexba — noHOMapa, neTBep- 
Taa — npocBHpHH, n^Taa— CTopo5Ka, meciaa — Apyroro cTopoH^a, 
ceAbMaa — cxapoft nonaAbH, eocbMaa — craparo nonoMapa. Y 
BcfexB peCHTa Ha noAMory. Y xo8fleBT> h CTOJi'b xaR-b naRpH- 
BaeTca. Ha RasKAOM-b CTOJi-fe BOceMb Ry^^b: nepBaa caMaa 6ojib- 
niaa nony, a ApyrHMi^ Bce MeHbme. EacejiH nony nojioacarb 
nHTb apymHHROB-b, naib maner'b, narb aHi^T*, to cxapoMy no- 
HOMapK) nojTb-apyniHHRa, manbry, oaho an^Ro Aa n TOJibRO. H 
BOARoft BesA* TOHte no nopaARy yroniiaioT'B. ripocBEpna boakh 
He nbCT-b, TaR^b cb coOoft nocyAHHRy BOSHTb h xyAa cJiHBaerb. 
BoTB, BT* oAHOM-b jxowh npocJiaBHJiH, H RamAHft 8a cBoeft Ry- 
-qefl noTanyjica. BApyrb noHOMapb RaRB AepneTb RyjiaROM'B 
npocBHpHK) no pyR*... ^^to th, roBopnrB, BopoBRa aiaRaa, a*- 
jiaemb? PasBt, roBopHTb, ne BHacy a, RaRB th hstb Moeft 
RyHH afii^o aarpaOacTajia?" IIpocBHpHa penerB: „9to, roBo- 
pHTB, noHOMapb napo^Ho Mena ocpaMHTb 3axoTijn>". JIaAHO, 
Tyrb non'b Ha bhyl npHRpHRHyjiB, ohh h ynajmcb. A 
KaRB HB-b AOMy BHmjiH, H AaBafl pyraTbca. IIoHOMapb, npaBAa, 
He CojibHo yMieTB pyraTbca, omb Bce pyRofl oojibme hopobhtb... 



*) Ct* pfl6qHKaMH. 



J 



y supjiHi. 141 

A 8a TO y^'B npocBHpEH, — xa yMteTT>: ^aca flsa Cesii nepe- 
AHiHRH, uoHHTaitl, pyrajxacb, h HH^ero, a&^ko ho oxpsiuia. Cro- 
poMCB THMo-Bacb roBopHTb eft: .KaKii Te6t t^mcko otb aiaKOft py- 
raHH He AtJiaeTCH?" A ona eny: ^Mnt, roBopHTB, coBC'bM'B na- 
npoTHBi?: Jier^e, KorAa a 9Toro aca CBiepAHiaro OTiHxai)**. TaK-B 
nocjrfe Ton nopu h Boioiorb. CaM'B Cjiaro'iHHHHfl MHpHJii)... Fo- 
BopHTb HMt: „noE['bjiyllTecb!" — a noHonapb oxBt^aeTB: „BoK)Cb, 
Bame BucoRo6jiarocjiOBeHie, KaRX 6h ona MH'b hocl He oTKy- 
cHJia, jiynme h Tpn M'boHQia bb MOHacTLipib OTCHHcy". TaK^HH- 
^ero H He bhiujio. He noMHpHJiHCb... 

— Bb niKOJit yHHfflbca?— cnpocHJi'b a MajibHHKa, KorAa offb 
saMoji^ajTb. 

— Okohhhjtb yace, — ne OeaB ropAocrn OTBtTHJi'b Majibiy- 
TdiWh. — CKopo, BOTi>, cBEfltxejibCTBO Ha abFOTy nojiy^HMii... Bto- 

pHM'b KOH^HJI'bl — AOOaBHJTb OHB, HeMHOFO noMoaHaBB. 

H noxBaaHaB. xVfaab^yraH'b cTHAaHBo sacM'i^aca. 

— IlepBHM'b 6h KOHHHa'B, ;^a b-b apaeMeTHKi caaOte 
CaHApa oRasaaca; ero nepBHMB h nocTaBHan, a no-pyccRH — 
caMB yHHTeab cRa3aai>, hto a Mory aynme CaH^pa roBopHTb. 

— A He HaAotao TeCt yHHibca?— cnpocHaT> a. 

— KaRoe HaAotao,— eiuie 6u noy^Haca. Bet pe6ara y aacb 
ynnaHme aioCarb, — OoflRo OTBtiHa'b MaabnyraHB, maraa pa- 
Jiowh CO MHOfl.— Bb 3T0M*b TOfly y aacB caynali sHmeaB. Cto- 
poacB BosbMH RaiD^^ Aft H yHecH. IIpHinaH Mbi yxpoMX rI) 
yHHazuxy, a oho aanepxo. liocMOTpiaH aa coaHHinRo, bh- 
AHM^b, — cKopo nopa y^eabe nanaTb. Botb h na^aan mh Ay- 
MaTb, RaR-b B-b yqnaHme nonacTb. J^yMaaH, AyMaan, Aa h 
BdAynaaH. Oahh^ sa ApyrnMB nonoasaa no yray aa 6aa- 
ROfl'b, a CT> 6aaR0Ha bb ynHanme. YcfeaHCb h chahm'b. A yna- 
Teab npHO'feJKaa'b, BHAHTb — yqHaame aanepTo; noAyMaaB, hto, 
SHaHHiTb, pe6aTa pasdlvacaaHCb, nomea'b CTopoaca pasHCRHBaTb. 
OiHCKaa'b CTopoHca, npamea'b ct> RaioneMB, oToep'b, BxoAHTb, 
a MH Bct Ha CBOEXB M^cTaxB CHAHMB. Y^HTeab npocTO Aa«e 
AHBy Aaaca. „XI|a RaRB bh, roBoparb, nonaaa?" Mh ewy h paa- 
CKaaaaH, KaR-b nonaaa. YqnTeab paA'b CHaTb, Aoaro cM^b- 
aaca. 

— Mh bc* rpaMOTy aDfiaMB,— aa^ajTb cHOBa MaabnyraHB. — 
FpaMOTy RaR'b ae aK)6HTb? BoTb BosbMeM'b xoTb, rt* npHMtpy, 
napoxoAi*, napoMB ABHraeica... 3a6epembca hhoI! pasB aa napo- 
xoA'b... MaTpocH He nycRarorb... Hy, yRpa/iROft nocMOTpHmb: to^ho, 
BB ManiHHt napTb. Boxb h npo acea'tsHyio Aopory ^aiajTb, — 
laM-b Toace nap-b. A 6a6yinRa y aacb, CTapHfli ^eaoB'feK'b, cep- 
AHTCa. KaRoli Tyrb napTb, roBopHTb; caMa cbohmh raaaaMH bh- 
A'feaa, KaRB btb KieBB xoiinaa: sanpaaceHB, roBoparb, AbaBoa-b, 
raasHiAH y Hero RpacHHe, RpoBbio Haanancb, a rb xBociy 
npHBaaaHH TeatacRH. H roBopio: aio HHRaRB ne MOMcerb fiuxb, 



142 PyCOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

a oHa: ^MOJioAeaeR'B tu, roBopHrB, co mhok) cnopHTb, h y^HTejib 
Baini> MajibHHmRa. KdLWb ct&jib peSnTa yHHTboa, h xjrh&b po- 
AHT&CH nepecTajTL. FojioAa nomjiH**... 

Mbi HesaMi^THo noAonum ysne K'b caifott AepeBBrb. 

— A Ha HB0-Bacb-3flTfl cocTaBHJiH laKH npoTOKOJi'b, — BHeaanno 
nepemeJTB oh^ ri> jiepeBeHCROlt sjioOt aha. — CHanaJia ypHAOHK'B 
Beji'bjrb ocBo6oAHTb. A RanHTaHi> ci> npHRasHHROifB h fobophtb: 

Haifb CTaHOBOl! BHaROM'b, MH H caMOFO Te6A orB ifbcTa yBO- 

jiHTb MoateMTb. ypaflHHR'B Hcnyrajica h cocTaBHJi'L npoTOROJi'b... 
yMHUl! Majib^yraH'B 6ucTpo Hc^ea'B ii3i> mohx^b rjiasB^ no- 
BopoTHBinH sa yrojiB flOMa, rb ROTopoMy mk nofloniJiH. 9to 
6ujn> jiowb cBflmeHHHRa. ORHa (5hjih ocBtmemi, — o^eBHAHo, 
B'b AOM* euie ne cnajiH. Ha RpHJibi^t a paacMOTp'fejrb cha^b- 
myH) (|)Hrypy. 9ro OtiJi'b cairb 6aTK)mRa. Offb noAnopcH pyRofi 
H aaAyMHHBo cMOTptjrb na ptRy. 

— A, BOTb H Bh! — paAOCTHO BarOBOpHJIB OH-b, yBHAi^B'b 

iieHJi. — a Bacb noA^KHAaio. Eo^ajiyflTe ^aflRy HaoHTbCH; HBairb 
HHROJiaeBHH'b Toace y Mena cHAHTb. 

H Cb yAOBOJibCTBieM'b npHHaJi'b jifoCesEoe npHrjiameme, h 
nepesB MHHyxy nnjrb ^ali cb poMOM'b h npeRpacHUM'b nojiH- 
HHHHHM'b BapeHbeMi). BaTiomRa npocrpaHHO noB'bcTBOBajTb HaMi* 
ropoACRHX'b HOBocTflX'b H CBOCMB nyTemecTBiH. 

— Cb HarnHMB napoxoAOM'b MaJieHbRoe HecnacTbe npH- 

KJIJDHHJIOCb, — rOBOpHJTb OHB npiflTHHMB CapxaTHHMB 6apH- 

TOHOMB. — JSfi'hxsijm MH AO YcTb-BuMa, — TyTb RpyTOft TaROft no- 
BopoTb piRa A^Jiaerb, a napoxoAB na BcfexB napaxt inoji'b. 
IlayaoR'b, RaRB caMH h3bojihjih BHA'feTb, iiajieHbRifi; RaRB napo- 
XOAB saBcpHyjiB 3a Mucb, TaRT* nayBORB na oahhb 6orb h no- 
BajiHJio; AyMBJiH — coBCbMB saTOHeTB. OAHaRo, HH^ero, tojibro 
AK)5Ke BOAH Ba^epnnyjiB. Hy, MyRa-To yacB He BHaro bo hto o6pa- 
THJiacb... TtoBtpeHHHft BM'fecrfe CB HaMH Ha napoxoA'fe ixajiB. H 
H roBopH) CMy: „botb siAt BaMi* hsbhhb 6ojibmofi"... A owh 
MH'fe; ^HH^ero, roBopHrb, mh aTOTBHSBani* pasjioacHMB na 3h- 
paHB**. KaROBo? OcipoyMei^B, npaBo ocTpoyMei^B... 

n. lUyKMHB. 



{OKOHHanie cjitbdyeim). 



nPOKJIflTOE nojiE. 

IIoB'fecTb BiAcenme Bmicko Hdaubeca. 
riep. ci» HcnaHCKaro M. B. BarcoHb. 



Heo(3i>HTHaH aojihee pascTHJiajiacB noA^b rojiy6oBaTKM'B 
ciHHieM7> AHH, saHHiiaBinarocA mnpoKofi noJiocoft co cTopoHbi 

MOpH. 

MeAJieHHO rjiozjiH sbykh, Hanojm^Bmie hohb: ^cyp^aHie Ra- 
HaBi> jmsL opomeHiH nojiefi, monoTB KaMHma, jiafl ^AHTejiB- 

HHXTb ABOpHarB. 

^epeBHa npoctinajiacb. KpHK-b ntxyxa nepeAaBajica hb-b 

AOMa Bl> AOICB, CB ROJIOROJieH'B PpOMKO paBAaBaJICH BBOH'B Rl> 

paHHefi 06'feAH'fe, BTopHBmifi AaJienoMy BBony D;epRBeK bt* Ba- 

JienciH; HS'B RpeCXBHHCRHX'B SaABOpROB'B HeCCH HecTpoltHKiS 

ROHD;epTB: pacame JiomaAeft, Mu^aHie 6aaroAyniHHX'B RopoBi, 
6jieaHie OBeu'B, xpioKaeie cbhecK — myMHoe npoCyacAenie cro- 
THHH, no^yaBineK 'feAKift aanaxi* pacxHTeaBHOCTH h noTOMy 
pBaBHie^ca nocRopi^l! Ha npocTopi*. 

BoBAyx'B 6ujvh flanojineHTb cb'^tomx — t^hh Hc^esajiH, a vh 
jierKOM'B npeApaacB'feTHOM'B Tyiiant BHpHcoBHBajiHCB o^epTama 
fiaecramefl (5'baofl meJiROBHi^H h naoAOBHX'B ;iepeBBeB'b, boji- 
HHCTBia 3apocjiH TpocTHHRa, 3a6oTaHBO BcnaxaHHKa RpacHOBaTBoa 
noaa. 

Ho AoporaMTj, (5yAT0 BepeHHuti MypaBbeBT>, ABHraancB r-b 
ropoAy paAH nepHHX'B tohbr'b. TyrB h xaM'B, bt> pasEHx-B ROHuaxi> 
AoaHHH paBAaBaaca CRpan-B RoaecB, SByRX atHKBoil irfecHH, npe- 

pKBaeilO^ ORpHROM'B, IIOHyRaiOIII.HM'B aCHBOTHUXl), H BpCMa 0TB 

BpeMeHH, caoBHo Tpy6HHfi BByRii 3apH, paacbRaa BOBAyxi*, aecca 
OTiaaHHHHfl: ocanflbifi » peB'B, — nporecT'B HeiBepoHoraro napia 
npoTHB'B HpesM'fepHHX'B TpeOoBaHift, oCpymHBaiomiHXca aa aero, 
asniB ToaBRo BapoacAaexca a^hb. 

Bm^ct^ CO CB'i^xoM'B H acHBHB saaHBaaa bcx> Aoanay, npo- 

HHRaa BO BHyXpB AOMOBl). 

JI^BepH CRpHH'baH, oTRpHBaacB, a sa hhmh bhah'^uhcb npo- 



144 



PyCOKOl BOriTCTBO. 



CHnaroii^ac^ 6*Jttw (|)HrypH, cb pj^KaiiH, aaKHnyTHMH sa xneio; 
mnpoKo pacKpHBajiHCb xjitsa, BHnycKaii H3^ cbohx'b wh^pl> 
KopoB'b, oBer^'B, MajiopocjiHX'B jiomaAefl. 

y ABepeft KpecTLHHe, ornpasjiaacb b-b ropoA'b, npomajiHCb 

CB OCraiOIIlHMHCH. 

— ZJofipHfl AeHb! 

H, noBAopoBaBmHCb cb BaacnocTbio JiioAefl, bb MCHJiaxB ko- 
TopHX-B Tc^erB MaBpHxaHCKaH KpoBB, H KOTopHe He Moryrb 

npOHSHOCHTb npHBtTCTBie HHane KaKB TOpateCTBeHHMMB TOHOM-B^ 

KpecTBHHe yMOJiKaMH, ecjiH npoxoAHBmift 6hjib HeaHaKoifb; 
ecjiH Mce OH-B 6hjib ApyroMB, eny nopynaJiH KynHTb bt* Ba- 
jienciH KaKyio HHOyAB mcjiohb aji« AOMammtxB HaAoCnocTefl. 

Bb Jia^yry Tohh, HSBtcTHaro bo Bcefl .oKpyrfe noAB nposBH- 
mfiWb IlHMeHTO (Ue^eixb), Bonuia ero Hceea neneia, eme mojio- 
Aan H MCHBan, ho xyjidJi h OjitAHan, HCTomeHHaa MajioKpoBieiTB. 
dio (5HJia caMa^ pa6oTflii];aA aeeHiinHHa bo bcomb cejA. BcTasajia 
OHa bb TpH Haca, HaBBioHHBajia na ce6a RopanHLi cb aejieHBio 
H oBoiAaMH, coOpaHHEi&cH HaKaeyHi^ en My;KeMB cb npn^iHTa- 

HiflMH H npOKJIilTiflMH HeC^aCTBOft aCH3HH, bb KOTOpOfi HpHXO- 

AHTCH CTOJibKo pafioiaTB — H BB xeMHOT'fe, OTHCKHBaa omynBH) 
Aopory, oTnpaBJiHJiacB bb Bajienciio. A IlHMeHTO, btotb yAajiei^B 
H 3a6iflKa, cTOHBmitt eft TaKB Aoporo, npoAOJimaJiB xpan'bTB na 
cynpyMcecKol! nocieJiH bb xenjiott nojioBHEt, hjiotho saKyxa- 

BHIHCB ' OA'&AJIOMB. 

FopoACKie nepeKynmHKH xopomo 3HajiH axy aceHmaay, koto- 
paa eiij;e ao pa3CB'i^Ta ABJiHJiacB Ha 6a3apB bb BajieHciiD h, cha^ 
na cbohxb Kop3HHaxB, Apoma otb xojioAa noAB tohro^ h hsho- 
meHHoft naKHAKoft, ci> 6e3co3HaTejiBHo£t 3aBHCTbH) rjuiA'bjia na 
rfexB, KTo HHJiB KO(|)e, H TepntJiHBo HCAajia noKynaTOJia. 

IIpoAaB'B sejiOHb, Eenexa fitroMB B03Bpaija;ajiacb AOMOft. 

SA^cb y HCH 6HJI0 eme oaho ji±jio: nocjit npoAaacH se- 
jieHH — npoAa5Ka MOJioKa. BurnaB'b h3B xjitBa ptiMcyio KopoBy, 
OTB KOTopoK He OTCTaBajn> hh Ha marB ea ptiMcifi TejienoK-b, 
ona BHOBB oTnpaBJiajiacb cb hck) bb ropoA'B, cb npyTOMB hoa'b 
MHmKoft H mecTHHofl M'fepKOft b-b pyKaxB. 

Tojiua pa6o^aro jiioAa, BJiHsaiomarocH bb Bajienciio, nepe- 
noJiHHjia MocTH. Ilenexa nponiJia mhmo paOo^HXB cb KOTOMsaMH 
Ha njie^axB, ocTanoBHJiacb y KOHTopti cCopmHKa AJia nojiyneHia 
KBHTaHi^iH Ha FbcKOjibKo rpomeft, KOTopue eti e^ceAHeBHo npn- 
xoAHJiocB ynjiaHHBaib, h saxtMB oxnpaBHJiacb no nycTHHHHMTE> 
yjiHD;aMB, o^KHBJiaeMfciMB Jinmb OAHOoCpasHHMB bbohom'b 6y6eH- 
HHKOBB „PHmeft". noKynaxeJiH Ohjih paBcJbaHH no sceny ro- 
poAy. Heneia nepexo^HJia h3b oahoU yjiHUH bb Apyryro, ocra- 
HaBJiHBancB nepeAB sanepTHMH ABepbMH, cTy*ia ba^cb, h 
TaMB H He nepecTaBaa HBAaBaxB rpoMKiK h npoHBHiejiBHHft 



.J 



nPOUJiTOB nojiE. 145 

RpHR'b, KOTOpH^, KasaJIOCb, HO MOF'B HCXOAHTb H81> eH njIOCRO^, 

HBHypeHHofi ^py;^H: ^Mojioko, mojioko!**. Ct> KyBmHHOM'b b'b py- 
Raxi*, sacnaHflaa, cb pacxpenaHEHMH BOJiocaMH, b% Ty^JinTb 
onycRajiacb r'b Eeti cjiyscaHRa Bsaxb y nea mojioro, hjih me 
ero 6pajia CTapaa npnBpaTHHiia B'B MaHTHjib'i^, Ha^'^Tott Ha 
rojioBy, hto6h hath kl oOiAHt. 

B'b BoccMb HacoBT> yTpa bc* nocToannHe noRynaxejiH 6hjih 
y^ce yAOBJieiBopeHti. IleneTa HaxoAHJiacb Tenepb bOjihbh Mpan- 
Haro RBapTajia „PH6aR0B'b", rjifb npiioTHJica AemeBHfl paa- 
Bparb. 

H Tyrb y nea GuBaji'b c6htl: C-feAfla^ RpecTbaHRa xpaCpo 
npoHHRajia bi> rpasHHe saRoyjiRH, RaBaBmieca B'b aiorb panniia naci 
BKMepniHMH. BxoAA CK)Aa, ona BcerAa nyBCTBOBajia RaRoe-TO 6e3- 
noRoficTBO, RaKoe-To HHCTHHRTHBHoe OTBpaiDieHie; HO ona npH- 
BURjia 6paTb Bopx'b Rs^ji^b 8THM'b oii;yii];efiieMi> h mjia Aa^bme cb 

HtROTOpHMl^ yAOBJieXBOpeHHHM'E BUCOROM'fepieM'b, C^b TOpAOCTbH) 

i^tjiOMyApeHHOfi acenmnHH, yT'fcmaa ce6a rbM'b, hto ona, npu- 
reereHHaa nyatAoU, Bce me CTOHTb Btmie Apyrnxi). 

Ha'b aanepTHX'b h 6e3M0JiBHHX'b AOMOB'b necjiocb AtixaHie 
myMHaro, AemeBaro, He saMacRHpoBaHHaro pacnyTCTBa—aanax'b 
BHHa H noxa, — a HS'b noJiyoxRpHxax'b Asepeli, Raaajiocb, aoho- 
cHJiocb rpy6oe h npepHBHcxoe AHxame xaatejiaro cHa nocjii 
hohh, npoBeAeHHOfi cpeAH acHBOXHHX'b jiacRi>. 

Kto-to oRJiHRHyjTb Henexy. B'b ABepax-b, aa roxophmh bha- 
H'bjiacb yseHbRaa ji'i^cxHHi][a, eH A'^Jia^^a snaRH pocjiaa A'^BymRa, 
cb HenpHRpHXofl .rpyAbK), neRpacHBaa, cb enije BJia^KHHMH orb 
CHa FjiasaMH, ci> naxnaMH najiomeHHHX'b naRanyn'^ pynaH'b na 

JUfiKSLTb. 

KpecxbaHRa, cataBB ryOn crb BHpaatenieM'b BHCOROM'bpia 
H npeHeCpeacema, noAHepRHsaa axHM'b pasHHi^y nojioacemfJ, 
npHHaJiacb BHAaHBaxb B'b RyBmHH'b, noAaHHHft eft A'^ByniROl!, 
MOJioRo ^PH^efl**. MeJKAy x'bM'b, A'^Bymna He oxpHBajia rjia8i> 

OTb RpeCXbHHRH. 

— nenexa...— nporoBopHjia ona ct> neyB'tpeHHocxbio B'b ro- 
Jioci, xoHHo coMHtfiaacb, ona 9xo nan H'fexi>. 

Henexa noAHaaa roJioBy, BnepBHe BaraanyB'b na A'bBymRy. 

— Pocapio, axo xh? 

JSfl, axo (5uaa ona: ona noAXBepAHaa axo nenajibHHM'b rhb- 
KOM'b roaoBH. Yacacb h HByMaenie oxBaxHan Henexy. Pocapio... 
Ona 3Atcb — AOHb xaRHX'b no^xeHHHX'b poAHxeaefl! — KaRofl 
cxHA'b, FocnoAH Boace! 

HpocxHxyxRa xox-feaa 6Hao oxB'bxHXb i^HHH^ecRofi yaHdRoft 
Ha HeroAyH)ni,ee BocRaHr^ame RpecxbaHRH, c^h anaoMOoM'b ^e- 
aoB^Ra, npoHHRmaro B'b xaflny acHSHH h hh bo hxo ho Bt- 
pan^aro, ho nenoABHacHo ycxpeMaenmift na nee BsraaA'b acHHX'b 
raaa'b IlenexH ycxnAHa-b ee, h ona onycxnaa roaosy. 

X 7. Ota**!. I. 10 



L 



146 PyOOKOB BOrATGTBO. 

WbYb, OHa He BueoBaTa. — Oea pa6oTajia Ha (|)a6pHKaxi>, (5HJia 
ropHHHHofl:, HO en cecTpH, ycTaB-B rojiOAaTb, noAajiH eft npn- 
M'bp'b, H BOTb OHa npiDTHJiacB SA'J^CB, TO nojiy^an jiacRH, to 
npHHHMan y;^apH, noKa, HaKoneit'B, ne HBAoxnerB... Hto me ' Tyrb 
yAHBHTejibHaro? Fa* HtTt oTi^a h MaTepn, ceMba o6HKHOBeHHO 

KOHHaeT'B TaKT>. Bo BCeM'B BHEOBaTTj BCMJieBJiaA'tJiei^'B, AOHt CaJIL- 

BaAop'B, KOTopHft Tenepb, HaB^pnoe, roparb b'b aAy. — 9TaKift B-feAb 
paaCoflHHK'b... noryCHJX'B i^tjiyio ceMbio!.. 

IleneTa Ba6HJia cbok) nepBOHaHajibHyro CAepmaHHocTb h xo- 

JIOAHOCTb, H TOTHaCB SKQ npHcoeAHHHjiacb Kh HeroAOBamK) A*- 

BymKH. 9to npaBAa, kslkl HejibSH Oojrfee npaBAa: — BHHOBarb 
Torb cKpara. 06^ snowb snaerB Bca OKpyra. Fochoah BoHte— 
KaKb 9T0 nomOaerb i^'fejiaa ceMbnl.. A hto aa xopomifi ^ejio- 
B'feK'b 6hLjrh etAHHtt A^AH Bapperb!-EcjiH6'b oh-b noAHajib le- 
nepb roJioBy hsi* mophjih h nocMOTptJi'B na cbohx-b AO^e- 

pefll.. BciMl) HBB-feCTHO, HTO HeC^iaCTHHft HX^B OTei^-B yMcpb ABa 

roAa TOMy HaaaA^B, B'B Ceyrfe, a OtAHaa crapyxa-MaTB KOH^HJia 

mH3Hb na 60JIbHH^H0ft KOftK*]^. 

— Hero TOJiBKo ne cjiy^aeTca na CB^T-fe sa KaKia-HH6yAB 
A6caTB jihThl — Kto 6h uorb cKasaTB eft h ea cecrpaM'B, acHB- 
mHM'B AOMa, KaK-B KopojieBH, ^To OH* KOH^aTB TaKHM-B o6pa- 
BOMb? — Boace, Boace, HsCaBH nacB oti> sjioro neJioB'feKa! 

BooAynieBHBmHCB paaroBopoM'b, Pocapio, KaaajiocB, noMoao- 
Ai^jia; ea MepiBHO rjiaaa paaroptjiHCb npn BocnoMHHaaiH o 
npomjiOM'B. Hto HsOyniKa hx^?.. Hto hx-b nojia?.. Bee eme npo- 
AOJimaioTB ocTaBaiBca BarjiymeHHHMH — ne TaKx jih? — 9to ee 
paAyeT-B — nycTB ace HSAOxnyrB otb bjioCh ctiHOBBa aToro He- 
roA^H CajiBBaAopa. Oaho aTO ee yTtmaerB — ona o^eHB, o^ohb 
CjiaroAapna IlHMeHTo h BcbMb hmt* b'b ceji'fe sa to, hto ohh ho 
no3BOJiHJiH HHKOMy o6pa6aTHBaTb nojia, KOTopua no npaBy npn- 
HaAJiea^aTB ea ceMB'fe. H ecJiH 6h kto noaceJiaji'B OBJiaA^TB 
HMH, cpeACTBO yace HaftAeeo... — BHCTpiji-B hb'b pyacBa— h Bce 
KomeHo. 

^IbBymKa paaropanHjiacK B'B ea rjiaaax'B CBepKajiH HCKpH 
atecTOKocTH... B'B npocTHTyTK'fe, npHBHKraeft k'b cJitnoMy noA- 
HEHeniK) H yAapaM-B, npocHnajiacB aohb nojieft, KOTopaa 
eABa poAHTca, — yate bhaht'b pyacbe, cToamee sa ABepaMH, a 
B'B npasAHHKH CB HacjiaacAeHieM-B BAHxaeTb nopoxoBOft nuwb. 

nocji'b pasroBopa o ne^ajibHOMb co6HTiii, JiroConHTCTBo, bo- 
CKpecmee bi> Pocapio, naKOHeii'B, ycTpeMHJiocb na IleneTy. BtA- 
Hara! T'fejiOM'b OHa nacToamift cKeaeTB, a Bb cb'^tjio-bojioth- 
CTHX'B ea Boaocaxb yace i^'featie npaAir cfeAHHti, Korja eft eme 
whTb H TpHAi^aTH Ji'feT'B. KaKaa ea acHSHB cb HiiMeHTo? — 
Bce| TaKoft ace nbaHHaa h TyeeaAei^'B? Ona caMa BHHOBaTa^ 
MyacHHHa oh'b 6oftKift, 8to B'bpHO — nepoA^ hhm'b Bcb CTyme- 
BbiBaiOTca B'B TpaKTHp-fe „HapKa**, KorAa oh'b b'b BocKpecenbe 



DPOuaTOi noja. 147 

Be^iepoMTE. HrpaerB na CHJiJiiapA*, ho AOMa oitb, aojimcho Otrpb, 

fieBHHOCHM'b. XOTH, Wb CymBOCTH, BCt Bt^b My^K^HHH OAHHa- 
KOBH. Efl BTO XOpomO HSBtCTHO! Bc* OHH C06aKH. 

FpOMKifl KpHKB flOHeCCa CRBOdB oTBepcTie yseHBKOft jrfeCT- 

BHi^u: 

— 9jiH3a!.. HecH CKop'fcft MOJioKa! CenbopB ^KAerb! 

Pocapio pacxoxoTajiacb.— Tenepb ee aoByrb 9jiH3ofi! — OAHaKo, 
flecMOTpa Ha secejiocTb, OHa nocn'bniHJia yAajinTbca, ynpaniHBaa 
Ileneiy, hto6h xa HHorAa npoxoAHJia mhmo hx-b AOMa. 

Em;e Oojrfee ^acy 6y6eH^HKH ^PHHcefl" ynujio noaBaHHBajiH 
no jjiaufi,wb BajieHcin; hsb sacoxmaro BH&ceHH en 6ujio bbl- 
acaio Ao nocjitAHeft KaiuiH* fiesBKyceoe mojioko — h, HaKoneit'B, 
IleneTa nycTHJiacb bb o6paTHoe nyTemeciBie. 

B'bAHaH RpecTBHHRa nijia nenajibHO h saAyMiHBo. BcTp'&Ha 
CB Pocapio BSBOJiHOBajia ee. Ona BcnoMHHJia, — tohho aTo 6hjio 
BHepa, — crpamHyio xpareAiw, paatirpaBmyroca cb ji^ajiell Bap- 
pexoMB H Bcet! ero ceMbeft. 

Cb Toro BpeMCHH ero hojih, fiojite cxa jrhrb KopMHBmiH 
npeAKOBB S'&AHaro RpecTBanHna, ctohjih saOpomeHBHMH na 
Rparo AoporH. Ero Jianyra, rjifb hhrto He tkhjib, MOAJieHHO pas- 
pymajiacB — cojioMennaH Rpuma npoBajiHJiacB h ct'j^hh noRpH- 
bhjihcb. 

IIOCTOflHHO npOXOAfl BB TC^eHie ACCHTH JrfeTB MHMO BTOfi 

pa3BajiHHHy RpecTBHHe y^e ne o5paui;ajiH na nee BHHManiH. 
Cana IleneTa AaBHo yme He saM'&Hajia cxapoM hbSn, HHTepeco- 
Baemed tojibro oahhxb Maju>HHmeRB. ynacjii^AOBaBB nenaBHCTB 

OTI^OBB, OHH 60M6apAHpOBaJIH AOMEHIRO RaMeHbAMH, HpoOHBaH 

mnpoRiH SpeniH bb 3aROJioHeHHo:S ABepn, hjih me 3aBajiHBajiH 
dOMJiefl ROJioAeuB. 

Ho BTb 9T0 yxpo, noAB BJiiHHleMB HeAaBHeft BCip-fcHH, Henexa 
BSFJiHHyjia na pa3BajiHHy h A^^e ocraHOBHJiacB na Aopofib, 

^rP06H XOpOfflOHBRO paBCMOTpilb 00. 

IIojiH AHAH Bappexa hjih, B'&pn'i^e, Aona GajibBaAopa h ero 
6e36omHHXB nacjrbAHHROBB 6ujih oa3ucoM^ 3anyu];eHia h 3a6po- 
meHHOCXH cpoAH njiOAopoAHoft, npeKpacHO o6pa6oxaHHOtt, cjiob- 

HO CMtlOmeliCH AOJIHHH. JifiCHTb JI^TB SaCpomeHHOCXH CA^JiajIH 

noHBy XBopAofi, acecxRoU, BU3BajiH h3b OeanjioAHHXB H-feAPB 

BOMJIH BCh ^yHCeHAHUH paCTOHiH, BCd^ nJIOBBJIH, C03AaHHHH BoFOMB 

BB HaKa3aHie BOMJieAtJibuy. HH3RopocJiHa, 6e3o6pa3HHa, nepeny- 
xaHHHfi RycxapHHRB noRpHBajiB axH nojia, cb hxb 3H6bH) cTpaa- 
HHXB aejieHHX'b oxjihbobb, HcnempoHHMXB xyxB h xaMB p-feA- 

KHMBf, XaHHCXBeHHHMH EtBtxaMH, H3B T^XB, HXO paCiyXB TO^BKO 

Ha paBBajiHHaxB h KjiaA6Hiii;axB. 

IIocpeAH BTHXB nojieli Banymenia Bcxanajia hjih, Btpnie 
roBopa, paBBajiHBajiacB Jianyra cb CBoefl pacxpenanHoI! cojio- 
HeHHo£fc RpHmefi, BHcxaBHBB napyaty, nepesB oxBopcxia, npo- 

10* 



148 PyOOKOl BOFATOTBO. \ 

ocTOBi>. Ha oSoApaHHKX'B cTbHax7> Jisnib ROft-rA'i^ BucTynajra 
"^yxB BHAHHfl 6'hjiUR nflTHa, yRadKBaBmifl Ha to, hto RorAa-To 

8TH CT^HH 6HJIH BH6']^JieHH HdBeCTBK). JlfiB^h, nporpHdeHH&a' 

cHH3y KpHcaifH, 6HJia H86opo)KAeHa bao.ib h nonepeRi> 6ojib- 

niHMH Tpeil^HHaMH H padCbJIHHaMH. Jlfi'h'TpE paMH, ROTOpKH 

rpenaJTB loro-saaaAHUfi B'i^Tep'B, bhcj^jih Ha oahoS JiHmB neTjrib^ 
rpoaa ynacTb npn nepBOM-b xopomeMTb TOJiHKi Btxpa. 

Eeneia tojibko hto co6pajiacb hath bx cbok) HB6y, yace bha- 
H'bBmyiocH h3% 3a AepoBbeB'b, Rani* etL npHmjiocb nocTopo- 
HHTbCH, htoCh AaTb npotxaTb CHjibHo HarpyaceHHofi noBosR*^ 
"^^xasme^, noBH/iHMOMy, hsx ropoAa. . 

IIpH BHA* noBOBRH CH aceHCKoe JiK)6ontiTCTBO npo6yAHJiocb. 

CTapyio paOoqyK) Tejitry Besjia Tomaa Rnana, ROTopoU B'b 
BJioxHX'b MtcTaxi* noMorasb pocjiH^ nejiOB'i^K'b, uieAiuiK phaom'b 
cb JiomaAbH) n noAOoApHBmifl ee RpHRaMH h xjionaHieurb 
KHyia. 

Oa^TI OH-b OHJI-b nO-RpeCTbHHCRH, HO HJiaTORT* Ha rojio^ 

3*6 SuJi'b o6BHdaH'b nnaie, a 6pK)RH h Apyria hoapoOhocth 
TyajieTa yRaBUBajin na to, hto ohx ho H3b hxI) ORpyrn, ta* 
RpecTbHflCKiK RocTioM'b jme Majio no Majiy HSBpaTHJiCH ropoA- 
CROft MOAofl. 9to CfciJi'b MyacHRTj HS-b RaKoroHHCyAb AaJii>HHro 
ORpyra, 6HTb MoatOTb, jjfiiSRe Apyroli nposHHi^in. 

Ha TOJitrt OujTb cjioaten'b wh bha* nnpaMHAH BCOBoa- 
mo;khh1! AOMammli CRapC-b. O^eBHAHo, nepecejiHJiacb i^-fejiaii 
ceMbH. Toni,ifl noAyniRH, xojimeBtie MtuiRH, nafiHTHe HciepTofl 
MancoBofi cojioMOlS, jiOMaHue 6yR0BHe CTyjibH, RacTpfoJin, rotjih, 
TapeJiRH, RopsHHH, sejieHHH cKaMbH, Bce 8T0, HaBaJieHHoe Ha Te- 
jxiry, rp«3Hoe, HcnopieHHoe, HnnneHCKoe — yKaBHBajio na rojioA'b^ 
H OT^aaHHoe O-fercTBO, tohho Hec^aciie no nHTaM'b npecjiiAo- 
Bajio ceMbH). Hanepxy 8Tofl rpyAH Beni,el! CHA'feJiH, oOnaBniHCb, 
Tpoe . A'i^TeM; ohh paBrjiHAUBajiH hojih, mnpoRo pacRpuBi) rjiasa, 
TOHHO HBCjitAOBaTejiH, ROTopHe BnopBHO noctmaioT'b CTpany. 

HoBaAH TOJiirH, npncMaTpHBaa, ne ynajio 6u ^to orryAa, 
mjia aceHmnna h BHCoRaa, TOHRaa, CTpoflnaa A^ByniRa, Ra- 
saBmaacH ea AO^epbio. Ho Apyryio CTopony jiomaAH, — no- 
Moraa, RorAa Tejiira ocTanaBJiHBajiacb bI) njioinx-b M'ibcTax'b^ 
Aoporn, Ha pHTSHHaxob h ROJieax'b — meji'b MBJibHHR'b JiiTb oahh- 
HaAi^aTH: ero cepbeanoe jini^o^roBopHJio hto peOenoR'b, npHBUR'b 
CopoTbca CT> HymAoll h nyBCTByeib ce6a BspocjiHM'b Bb Th 
roAu, RorAa Apyria a^th eui,e sanaTH nrpaMH. FpaBHaa h sa- 
BHxaBmaaca coCanenRa saMHKajia mecTBie. 

Onnpaacb aa Rpyni* RopoBti, CMOTptjia IleneTa, RaK-b TCJitra 
npnOjiHacajiacb, h Bce 60^*0 paaropajiocb btj eqPL JiioOontiTCTBO^ 
K/Aa nepecejiaioTca sth OtAHHe aioAH? 

Ho aioOonuTCTBo ea yBtHHaaocb coBepmenao HeosKHAaHHUH'b- 



apoKJiflTOJs noJiB. i4$ 

OTRpHiieBTB. IIpecBHTaH Boropoz^Hqa! CBepHys'B cb AoporH 
Tejid^ra nod^xajia no 6peBeH^aT0My MocTHRy, RoropnlS BOJTb 
jcb npoKJiaTOMy ynacTKy bomjih, h ABHHyjiacb AaJibme no no- 
^sLWh A^AH BappeTa, caJiK)U];HBaH cboh&ch ROJiecaMH jnfiSL Bci^xi 

HenpHKOCHOBeHHHtt TepflOBHHR^. 

CeifBH niJia nosaAH Tejribru, Bupa^eaa ^ecTaMH n rpoicRHMH 
aocRjim^aniflMH CBoe yAHBJienie cTpamnoMy sanynteHiio; oa- 
flaRo oHH HanpflifHR'L HanpaBJiAjiHCB Kb pasBajiHBmeltcji Jia- 
^yrb, RaRii jidah, BCTynax)nue bo BJia^'i^Hie CBoex) co6ctb6h- 

HOCTBD. 

rienera ne xorfejia HHHero OojiBme bha^tb. Ona RHHyjiacB co 
Bcfex-B Hor-B R'B cBoeMy Aoiiy, epocHB-B BnoHHxax'B RopoBy H 
TejieHKa, Koropne, hh Majio ne TpeBo;KacB jik)ackhmh 8a6oTaMH, 
upoAOJi^aJiH cnoRofiHo Opecrn, yBipenHHe, hto BnepeAH y ehxt* 
HaAB^KHoe npHcraHHme — xjitB'B. 

IlnMeHTO jiencaji'B bb pacTH^Ry orojio cBoett hsCli, ji'&hhbo 
noRypHBaA h ycrpeMHB'B rjia»a Ha xpn npyra, BucTaBJieHHHe - na 
cojiHi^e H HaMasaEHKe nTHiBHMB RjieeifB; orojio nnxi) RpymH- 
jiocB fffecROJiBRo nTHi^B. 9to 6hjio fiapcRoc 'aaHflTie. 

YBHAaBB npHOi^aBmyK) aceny, y ROTopoft b-b rjiasax'B cb*- 
THJicfl ymacTb, IlHMeHTG nepeMiHHjiB nojioaceHie, hto6h nojiy^me 
-cjramaTB, npeAynpeAHBB OAHaRO IleneTy, hto ne cjitAyerB 
npnCJiHSKaTBCH rb npyrBAMB. 

— Hy, HTO TaRoe cJiy^HJiocB? YacB ne yRpaJiH jih ro- 
poBy? 

BcjAactbih BojiHeniH h ycTajiocTH, IleneTa JiHmB ci xpy- 
AoifB Morjia npon3HecTH h^crojibro necBHSHHX'B cjiob'b: 

— IIojih] BappeTa... nijiaa ceMba... npi'fexajia o6pa6aTHBaTB 
HXB... acHTB btj jiaHyrt... caMa BHA^Jia. 

— Oto thch^tb ^epTOfl! 

Oh 9THMB BOCRJIHCiaHieM'b OWh, BCRO^HBB Ha HOrH, 6pOCHJIC« 

'<5'b»caTb, He oflCHAafl ASJibHi^MniHx^ pasivacHeHitt. 

Henera bha^JIB, rbr'b oh'b necca nonepeR'B nojia ao ROHonjiaH- 
HHRa, pflAOMTb CB npoRjisTHM'B yHacTROMT> seMJiH. SA'fecB OH'B pac- 
Tanyjicfl Ha mnnoTfe, ^to6h Jiy^me Bce bhcmotp^tb, rbr-b fie- 

flyHH'B Ha CTpaacfe, H fffeCROJIBRO MHHyTTE> CnyCTH OHHTB npH- 

Hajica OtacaTB, HcneBHyB'B bb jiaOnpHHT'fe TponHHORB, hb-b 

ROTOpHXB RaXCAftH BOJia R'B RaROfi-HHOyAB JiaHyrt HJIH KB Ra- 

K0My-HH6yAB iiojiro, na ROTopoMTb naxapn paOoTajiH, cornyBTb 

CHHHy H CBepRan Vh BOBAyX'i CTajIBHHMH RHpRaMH. 

JtojiHHa ocxaBajiacB Bce TaROft ate hchoK h yjiHfiaromefica, 
npoHHsaHHOfi 6jiecR0MT> H CBiTOMB, RaRB CyATo ycnyBmeft 
noAT> JiHBHeirB sojiothx'b Jiyneft yrpeHHHro coJiHn;a. 

Ho BAaJiH pasAaBajiHCB rphrh h BoarjiacH: cb nojia na 
nojie, HB-B JianyrH b^b Jianyry nepenocHJiocB HeoacHAaHHoe H8- 
^erie, — h xpeneTB cMarema, OeanoRoftcTBa h HeroAOBama npo- 



150 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

6'hsR8Ljrh no Bceft oKpyri^, cjiobho BepHyjiocb ^ajieKoe nponuioe h 
BHOBb pacnpocrpaHHJiacb BtcTb o no.flBJieHiH y MopcRoro 6eper& 
rajiepH nnpaTOB'b us^b AjiJRHpa ajih saiBaxa xchbopo rpysa... 

11. 

Koriia BTb nopy ^KaxBH pfijxH Bapperb CMorp'feji'B na ^eTse- 
poyroiibHnRH pasHopojiHUX'L noc&BOB'b, Ha Koxopue 6ujih paa- 
fltJieHH ero nojia, ohi> He Morb yflepscaxbCfl otl ^yncTBa rop- 
AOCTH Hj FJiAAH Ha BucoKle xjrh6Eue ROJiocbfl, HJiH Ha rpAjm 
KanycTH cb ea cBtTJiofl KyAP^Bofl cepAi^eBHHOtt, na ahhh, npn- 
THfiaiomiH Ki> BeMJit CBOU njioA'b, Ha nepeu'b h TOMaTH, hohth 

CKpHTHe JIHCTb^MH, — OKh BOCTOpraJICH AO^pOTHOCTbH) CBOeH 

BeMJiH H TpyAaMH, nojiOHceHHUMH Ha nee ero npeAKauH, hto6ii 
cA^JiaTb HBi) Hea jiyHinitt y^acTOKt bo Bcefl OKpyrb. 

HflTb HJIH mecTb noKOJiimia BappexoBT* npoBejiH BA^cb bcio 

CBQIO »CH3Hb, BOBA'&JIHBafl 8TH HOJIA, BCnaXEBBfl HXIi, yAOOpJia 

HaBoaoMii, 8a6oTacb o towb, hto6u ncHBHenHHe i\Tb corh ne 
yMeHbuiHJiHCb, paOoTaa—rAt KHpKoja, taI^ njiyroM-b, h nojiHBaa 

KaHCAHtt RJIO^eRli BeMJIH CBOHWb TpyAOBUM'b nOTOMl). 

BappeTb H'i^»eHO JnoOnji'b cbod sceny b a^^^^ npou^ajii} eft 
Ty en onjiomnocTb, hto ona poAHJia eMy HeiHpex'b AO^epefl h he 
oAHoro ctiea, KOTopH^ Morb (5h noMoraTb eny B-b paOorfc. He 
MeH'fee saeuu JiroOiiJi'b ohtj cbohxij Herapexi* A'feBoneR'b, — 
OTHXT) anrejioB-b Bo^KbHii), npoBOAHBmnx'b ahh aa mj/iThewby 
CHAH y ABepefi hbCh, pacniBaa ntcHH, a HHorAa h oTnpa- 

BJMflCb, Bl) nOJie, HTOCh AaTb HiROTOptiK OTAHX'b CtAHOMy 

oTuy. Ho caMoli crpacTHOil JiK)6oBbK) RpecTbaHHHa Onjia ero 
jiEoCoBb Ri> BTOMy y^acTRy seMJiH, na RoropoM-b npoTeRJia oaho 
oOpasHaa h cRpoMnaa HCTopia Bcero ero po;ia. 

Mnoro, mhofo ji^tij TOMy HaaaAi*, en^e RorAa a^ah TonOa— 
lenepb dohth cjiinofl CTapHR-b, npHCMarpHBaBinili aa craAOM'b 
oAHoro MHCHHRa na-b AjibCopan — cRHTajica no fitjioMy cBtiy 
Bi* oTpaA'3^, CTpijiH^ H3'b pymb^ B'b ^paHi^yaoB'b, aeMJiH stz 
npHHaAJiemajiH MonaxaM-b San Miguel de los Beyes, acnpHHM'b^ 

AyOOBBTHM-b CeHbOpaMI) CTb JIOCHaiD,HMHCa JIHI^aMH; OHH He o^eHb 

HacTaHBajiH na BSHocfe apoHAHOil njiaTti h AOBOJibCTBOBajiHCb 
T'feM'b, HTO no BenepaMi) 0a6ymRa Bapperb — B'b to BpoMH Rpa- 
CHBaH, MOJiOAaii AtsyniKa — ycHjieHHO yroni,ajia HX'b ^amRofi 
moKOJiaAa h nepsHMH njioAaMH cBoero caAa. A panbme Toro, 
ropaaAO paHbme, BJiaA'feJibi^eM'b Bchxiy bthxi* aeMCJib 6Hjn> 
BHaxHHfi ceHbopi), ROTopHfl, yMHpaH, aaBtm.aji'b h rptxH, h 
noM'fecTbfl CBOH MOHacTHpcKoil oOu^Hfli. Tenepb ace — yBti— 
aTH BeMJIH npHHaAJiencajiH ntRoeny AOH'b-CanbBaAopy, Rptn- 
ROMy eme crapHRy, RoiopHflt mnji^ bi> BajxenciH, CHJi-b iiyHH- 
TOJieifb A^AH Bappexa h aBji^jica omv Aaxce bo ch*. 



npoKJiflTOB nojiB. 151 

Btj^EHft KpBCTBHHHHTb CKpUBaJTB CBOC TOpe HB TOJILKO OTB Hy- 
HCHX'b, HO JSfiLSRe H OTB C06CTBeHH0ft CeiiLH. 9tO CUJI'b HCJIOB'bR'B 

TpyA0JiK)6HBHft, aHeprHHHHfl, Henbromia. Ecjih oh-l h saxojiHjrB 
B-b B0CKpecem>e BenepoMi) b-b TpaKTHpi> „HapKa", rjxh coCHpajica 
HapoA'B CO Bceli oKpyrn, to tojibko jiJisi Toro, ^to6h nocMOTpiiB 
Ha OHJiBHpAHbix'B nrpoROB'B H AOCHTa nocM'i^HTBCH HaA'B no- 
iBaubOoft H rpoMOBHMH pinaMH IlHMeHTo H ApyrHX'B AepeBOH- 

CRHXl} RpHRynOBB. Ho HHROFAa HO nO^XOAHJI'B 0KB Kh CTO^R'^, 

HToOu aanjiaTHTB sa ciaRaffB BHHa, h ccjih, cjiynajiocb hto-jihCo 

nHJI-B, TO JIHIDB BT) xtxi* CJiyHaaX-B, KOFAa yrOmaJI-B RT0-HH6yAb 

Hdii BHHrpaBmHXi*. 

PaCorajTB offB, RaR-B Herpi> — ci> paacBiTa ao caMoK noB- 
uneH HOHH. Bcfe eme cnajiH b-b cejit, Ror^a ohx npn HOHCHOMTb 
CBirb HyTB 3a6pe35KHBmaro jxbsi yme mejvh b'b nojie, ci> Ra- 
«AHM'B pa80MT> Bce Oojiio H Oojiie yCijKAaacB, hto eny 
3ffbcB He ynpaBHTBca oo Bcefi paOoTofl. Ax-b, ocjih 6h y Hero 

Yi^-b noHTemn Kh cbohmIj npesRaM^ oh'b CRopM corjia- 
CH^cH 6u ynepeTB hoa'b TamecTBio nenocHJiBHaro Tpy^a na 
CBOOM'B ynacTRi bomjih, ^hwh ao^chtb ao Toro, hto6h Hacih 
8Tolt BBMJiH nepemjia b'b nyatiH pyRH. He 6yAy^m b'b coctoh- 
HiH cnpaBHTBoa co Bceli paOoroli, ohtb ocTaBJiaji'B He Bcnaxan- 
HuiTB nojiOBHHy nojia, HaA*HCb o6pa(5oTROfl[ Apyrofi hojiobhhh 
coAepflcaTB coMBK) H njiaTHTB apoHAy xoaaHHy. 

a^o OHJia rjiyxafl, OTHaaHHaa, ynopnaa 6opB6a cb TpeCoBa- 

HijIMH flCHBQH H CJiaOOCTBK) CHJTB. 

Oh'b acejiajii) jihiub oahofo: hto6h Aonepn ne BHajiH o 
ero BaTpyAHeniiix'B, ^to6h hhrto b'b aom* ho noAosp'feBaJi'B o 
MyRaxTb H ropecTHX'B oTi^a, hto6h ho oMpanajiocb acHoe Be- 
cejiie ero «HJiHma, ta* b-b Teneme i^tjiaro ahh pasAaBajiHCB 
CMtx'B H niHie ^eTHpexi^ ceciep'B, ObiBniHX'B noroARaMH. H 
B'B to Bpeita, RaR'B oh* CTajiH yMce npHBJicRaTb BHHMame Aepe- 
BeHCKHX'B napneft h b'b cbohx'b npoRpacHHX'B ineJiROBHX'B nJiai- 
Rax'B H HaRpaxMaJieHHHX'B, mypmani.HX'B roORax'B BeceJiHJiHCB 
Ha ceJiBCRHX-B npaBAHecTBax-B h npocHuajiHCb na aapt, hto6h 
CocHKOM-B H B'B oAHOflt pyCaniR* BBrjianyTB ^epesT* OTBopcTie 
CTasHH, rto, yxajRHBaa 3a hhmh, hootb hm-b ^cepenaAy** hjih ace 
HanrpHBaeTB na rnrapt— CtAHUfi a«AH BapperB, ROTopony Bce 
Men^e h Mente yAaBaJiHCB ero njiaHH, BHHHMaJi'b ^epBOHei^> 
«a HepBOHiteiTB hstb xoli npnropinHH BOJioia, ROTopyro, crohhb'b 
rpom-B 3a rpomeBCB, ocraBHJTB eny oTei^'B. Tojibro 8thmi> ny- 

XeiffB MOrB OH'B yAOBJIBTBOpHTB AOH'b-CajibBajiopa. 

Jlnaa BappeTT> ne Morx (5h hm^tb xyAinaro xoaaHHa. Bo 
BceiTB ceji-b nuia o Hewnb canaH xyAan cjiasa. SaRyTaBmHCb 
Bi> crapHll njiamx, tohho cRapeAHHfll nnmil!, npoBOwaeMHa 



152 P700K01 BOriTOTBO. 

npoKJiaxiaMH h yrpo«aK)m;HMH ateciaMH, ohi* KaHtUHft Be^ep'i 
oTnpaBJisjicfl B'b cejio. 

YBvijifiiWh ero HsuaaH, coOekh hchctobo JiaajiH, tohho npn- 
fijiHHcajiacb cMepTL; a'^th CMorp'fejiH na Hero ct* rntBHHM'B 
6'femeHCTBOM'b, MymHHHH npaiajiHCB, hto6h Hsfi'bHtaTb yHH8H- 

TejIBEHXt HBBHHeHil!, a HCenmHHH BHXOJIHJIH Kb OTepaM^B JIO- 

MOBii, orrycTHB'B rjiasa bi seMJiro, cb saroTOBJieHHoro sapaBPfee 
ji05KbK), ynpamHBaa jioH'B-GajiBBaAopa noTepirfeTb eme neMHor© 
H OTB'feHaa cjiesaMH na ero oKpHKt h yrposH. 

IlHMeHTO, KOTOpHfi CHJTb ^Ml-TO BpOfl* cTpaHCTByK)maro 

pHitapa Bcefit OKpyrn, ofi'femajTB H36HTb flona CajibBanopa h 
fipocHTb ero B'b KanaBy. Ho caMH acepiBH CKyima yaepaKHBajm 
ero orb ccopn cb bthbtl nejiOB'feKOM'b, KOToptifi npoBOAHjn. 
BcaKoe yrpo b'b cy^* h hm'^jtb BesA* Apyse^, Cb xaKoro poim 
rocnoAaiiH C'bAHKM'b JiiojfiHM'b njioxo THraxbca. 

HsB BcfexB ero apeHAaiopoBB Jiy^muwb 6uJVb a^ah Bap- 
perb: xoia h i^inofi MHcejiHX'b ycHJiifl, oht> eiiy HH^ero He 6HJrb 
AOJiaceHB. H CTapHKB, npHBOAHBmifl ero wh npHM'fepB ApyrHMT> 
CBOHMB apeHAaTopaMTE>, yBejin^HJib eMy apeHAHyio njiaTy. Bap- 
perb npoTecTOBaji-b h AasKe BcnJiaKHyji'b, BonoMHHB'b o aacjiy- 
raxi> apeAKOBt, nojioJKHBmnx'b acHSHb, ^ttoOh CA'bJiaTb bth hojih 
jiy^mHMH bo Bceft OKpyrt. Ho aohb CajibBaAopB 6ujrb ney- 
MOJiHMi). Hojia 3TH JiyHHie Bctx'b. — CTajio 6uTb OHB AOJimeffb 
njiaiHTb Oojibme.— H Bappei-b ynjiaiHJTb: owb oTAajiB 6u cKopM 
cBoio KpoBb, ^tMB OTKasaxbca OTb seMJiH, KOTopaa MaJio no 
Majiy ero yfiHBajia. 

y Hero jsae He 6hjio OoJibme cCepeatenili; cKpHB-B orb coMbH 
HCTHHHoe nojiOMcenie AiJiB, OHb yjiH6ajica, KorAa Kena h fl;oHepH 
coBiTHBajiH eMy noMeHbme ce6a yrpyjKAaTb. 

Owb He cnajTb, scxaBaji'b no ho^emb, paOoTajTb omynbio btb 
TeMHort, H CTpamFTo HCxyAajiB, crop6HJica, KaKB BocbMHAecaTH- 
jrfeTHifl cTapHKB; rjiaaa y Hero npoBajiHJiHCb. XyAmee me ajih 
Hero 6hjio to, hto 9T0 Ha-nnmecTBO ipyAa, 8to neBHHocHMoe 
yTOMJienie hphboahjio JiHHib Kb TOMy, ^to ohtb mofb ynjiaTHTb 
nojioBHHy apoHAH nenacHTHOMy Aony CajibBaAopy. Haace KJia^a 
AHAH Bappexa, paOoTaBmaa AHeMT> h HOHbio cb KpecTbHHHHOM'b, 
He BHAepHtajia h piniHjia jiynme yMepexb. 

JJaAH Bapperb yBHA^JTb, hto ohb noni6'b. Cb ox^aHHieMB 
cMoxptji'b OHB Ha nojie, Koxopoe ne mofb Cojiie oCpaCara- 
Baxb, na paAH cB'b^HXB oBoni;efi, KOXopHa ropoACKOtt jik)ab 
no^AajTB paBHOAyniHo, ne noAoaptBaa o MynaxB, AocxaBJiaeMHXB 
HXB npoHapacxanieMB (itAHOMy oxi^y ceneftcxBa bb 6e3npepHBHo0 

OopBet CTE» BOMJiefi H HHH^eXOft. 

OAHaKO, HpoBHA'^Hie, HHKorAa, roBopaxB, OyATo 6u He hokh- 
Aaiomee OiAHaKOBB, npoaBHJio ce6a na 9toxb pasB nepesB nocpoA- 
cxBo AOHa CajiBBaAopa. HeBHHocHMHft CKapoAB, xHni,HHfl: pocxoB- 



BP0KJI4IT0I nOJIB. 19C 

IIPLR'B, BApyPB Ch OTBHeCROlK Hi^»CHOCTbI) npeAJIOXCHJI'B RpeCTbH- 

HHHycBOH ycJiypH. Crojibro nonaAoOHTCA eny, hto<5h RynnTik 
flpyry» jiomaAB? n-aTb^iecHTL ^ypocb? OffB HX'b h Aacrb eny, 
^rro6H AORadaTb, rer^ secnpaBe/^HBH rt, ROTopne HenaBHAHrb 
H pyraDTB ero. 

n owh, n'6£tcTBHTejibH0, Jihjvh fffiEhTw BsaltMK Bappery, ho 
TojibRo noAi» MajieHbRHBTB ycjioBieM'B: noTpe6oBajn> ero noA- 
nHCH (A'i^a ocxaiDTCH jsfhjtSLUu) no;n> RaRoiS-To Oynaroft, rjsh 
mjia p']b'>n> o npoi^OHrarB, o HaRonJieHin hxi> h o6i> oTB'i^T'b aa 

AOJITB BCi^lfb HMymeCTBOMT> — AOMamHefl 0(5CTaH0BR0tt, nOJieBKMK 

opy^iAMEr, BRJiK)^aH CK)Aa h CROTHey. 

KyciHBi> Jioma^B, Bapperb ci> HOBOfli aHeprieiS Bepnyjica r'b 
yOHBaBmcMy ero TpyAy. 

Bee, HTO iiaBajia aenjiH, mjio Ha npoRopMJieHie ceMbH, h npH- 
ropmHH MtA^KOB-b, BHpyHeHHHrb otb npoAa«H OBomefl na 6a- 
3ap']b Bi) BajieHciH, 6HCTpo HspascxoAOBajiHCb; HHRaK'b ne y^a- 
Bajiocb Ha6paTb Heo6xoz](HMy]D cyMMy ffflu yAOBJiexBopeHia Aona 
GajiBBaAopa. 

3th TepsamH a^ah Bappera HS'b-aa AOJira, ROToparo oh'b He 
dusTh Bx cocToaniH ynjiaiHTb, npoOyacAajiH B'b ero Aynrfe ntROTo- 
pufi HHCTHHRTb MATe^a, BKSHBajiH B'b ero HeAa;iieR0M'b ywh ne- 
onpeA'fejieHHHH h cMyrHHa npeACTaBJieniH o cnpaBefljiHBocTH. 
Ornero nojia He npHHaajiejKarb eny? Bet ero npoARH nojio- 

»HJIH OBOX) flCHSHb Ha BTOMT) y^aCTR'k SeMJIH, OHI> BeOb 6HJI'b 

nojiHTb HX'b noTOiTb... Eojindi) ne ohh, somjih axa SHJia 6h otojib 
«e (JeanjiOOTa, kslkb h iiopcROflt Geper^b... A Tenepb eny eacH- 
MaeTb ropjio h yfiHBaerb ero cbohmh npneTaBarnHMH BTorb 
6e3AyniHH^ eTapHRi>, ROxopHia HBJifleTOH ero xosHHHOM'b, xoth 
He yMterb BSHTb B'b pyRH jionaiy h bo bcio acnsHb ne ernfiajTb 
cnHHH HaA'b noJieBoft paOoioft... Iiieyee XpacTe!.. KdiKb ace 
aro jiioAH ycTpaHBarorb oboh A'feJia! 

Ha PoJKAeeTBO BappoTb Morb bhocth AOHb-CajibBaaopy jramb 
HesHa^HTejibHyx) ^aexb apenflHofi njiaxu, a Kh HexpoBy ahw 
He Morb OTAaxb hh rpoma. JKena 6'hjXESiTii jieacajia . 6ojib- 
Han, H, Hxo(3u Ao6uxb na paexoAu* ohi* npoAaji'b Aaace eeneliHoe 
coRpoBHme — eepbrn e-b noABioRaMH h omepejibe. 

CxapHft oRpara oRaaajien HeyMOJiKM-b. Htx^, Bappexi>, xaR'b 
HejibBH... Ohi> ^lejioB'fcR'b Aofipnft (xoxh axony h ho BipnTb 
-ih)ah), OH'B He MOHcerb nosBOJiHXb, ^xo6h RpeexbHHUH'b yCn- 
BajTb ceOH, oOpaOaxHBaa nojie, Roxopoe eMy ne uoKb cHJiy. Ohx 
He Moacerb eorjiaenxben na axo, ohb npoAynpeacAaerb Bappexa, 
^xoOh tott> noRHHyjTb oBofl y^acxoR'b. Eiiy o^eHb acajib ero, 

HO OH-b H CaM-b fi-feAeHl)... KpOM'b XOrO, B'&Ab HaCTynHJTB cpoRi 

ynjiaxH AOJira. 

BtAHHft RpeexbHHHHb Jio TOTO cMyxHJieH, yejiNxaBT) npHRaaa- 
Hie noKHHyxb cbo» bomjik), ^xo paapHAaJica, RaRi> ahxh h 6po- 



154 PyOOSOl BOrATOTBO. 

CHJica Ha KOJitHH nepezjT> crapHKOMt, yMOJinn ne ry6HTb 
ero. 

Ho AOH-B Cajibsaflopb ocTasajicH TuyTh ko BcfeMt MOJibCaMii. 
EMy o^eHb acajib Bappexa — ho hto we ji'bjiaTb: h oh-l Toate 
6'feAeH'b H AOJiaceHb flyMaxb o CBOHX'b jxhTsirb. 

KpecTbHHHHT> ycraji'b iiojiHTb o noiqaa'b. OT^aanie Bepnyjio 
OMy 3HepriK). Xos^hhi ho acejiaerb BucjiyniHBaTB ero, aann- 
paoTi* nepcA'b Ezwb ABepb? Hto we, — ohb B^b cBoeitt jranyrfe. 
y cefiH AOMa; ecJiH hto-jih6o wejiarorb nojiy^HTb orb Hero, nycxb 
^BHTCH TyAa Kb HOMy. HocMOTpHM'b, HafitAeTCH jiH TaKoft Ceay- 
Mei^T), KOToptifi nocM'feji'b 6h BtirnaTb ero hbi ero WHJinma? H 
OH-b npoAOJiwajn> oCpaOainBaTb none... A KorAa ero BHSBajiH 
btj cyAi*, 0HT> He nomejrb TyAa. 

OAHawAH ero HSBtcTHjiH, HTO BenepoMTb aojiwhocthim JiHqa 
^batch Kb HeMy na AOAfb BHcejiHTb ero HS'b h86u, h bm'&ct']^ 
cb Thwb onnmyrb 3a AOJirb h Bce ero HMymecTBO. 

9to noKaaajiocb ao Toro HeBosMowHHM'b A^A'fe BappeTy, 
^To oHb HeAOB'fepHHBo yjiHOnyjiCH. Fa^ we BHAano, hto6h 
TaK'b nocTynjfjiH ci, ^ecrnHMTj ^ejioBiKOirb, saAOJiwaBniHirb 

OAHH'b JIHmb roATB apoHAH. 

"Ho KorAa noAi* Benep-b ohtb yBHutJi'b HAyntHxi* no Aoporfe 
oeHbopoBTb, OAiTux-b Bi* ^'epHoe, CTi 6yMaraMH noA'b MHmKOfi, 
TO ywe GojibHie ne coMHtBajiCH. 9to 6HJrb Bparb. Ero coOnpa- 
jiHCb orpa6HTb. 

Ilo^yBCTBOBaBi* BT) Aynit cjiinyio OTBary MaBpa, npHxoAH- 
maro B'b HOHCTOBCTBO, KOFAa y Hero OTHHMaiOT'b ero coOcTBen- 
HocTb, BappeTb no6'fewaji'b AOMOli, cxBarnji'b pywbe, BcerAa 
CTOHBmee y nero 3apHweHHHMT> aa ABepbio, h, BciaBi) sa^ bhho- 
rpaAHHMH mnajiepaMH, ptmnjix BcaAHTb ab* nyjiH B'b nepsaro 

HS'b' STUTb paBfioUHHKOBTb. 

BojibHaa wena h ^eTHpe Aonepn fipocHjiHCb Kb neiiy, RaR^b 
6e3yMHHH, CTapaacb BHpBaTb H3'b pyK-b pywbe h HSAaBaa Ta- 

ide KpHKH, HTO BCfe coctAH cfi'fewajiHCb. 

IlHMeHTO yAajiocb BuxBaTHTb y BappeTa pywbe, h on-b no- 
cniniHo nonecb ero K^b ce6t aomoM. BappeT'b mejTb aa HHirb 
BCjrfeAi>, pyraa ero h BHpHBaa y nero py wbe, ho ero yAepwajiH 
OTb aToro H-hcKOJibKO napnefi. Bapperb BtiCHBajica hbt* ktk 
pyKT) H KpHHaji-b: 

— IlHMeHTO... Bop'b!.. OTAa» pywbe! 

Ho napoHb jinnib AoOpoAyniHo yjiHfiaJic^ h AOBOJi^b xaKHM'B 
oOpaaoMi) BappeTa ao CBoeK h36h. A BA^cb owb h ero Apysba 
aaAepwajiH cTapHKa, coBtTyn ne A*JiaTb rjiynocTefi. CjitAyeT'b 
6HTb ocTopowHHMt, A^AH BappcTb, — B-feA^ 9T0 we cyActtCKie: 
OiAHMfi HejioB'feK'b BcerAa ocTaHBTca B'b nponrpHm'b, BnyTa- 

BmHCb Cb HHMH B'b A'i^O. 

A B'b 9T0 BpeMH JIIOAH, OA^THe B'b HepHOO, HHCaJIH H 



npoKjuiTOB aoj[i. 155 

niicajTH CyMarH bx Jiaiyr'b Bappexa, 6e8CTpacTHo pasrjiflAHBaA 
H oi^jbHHBa^ o6cTaHOBRy, ojiesRJiy H Bce Edixojsfimeeca j 
Hero Ha ABop'6 h bI) xji'IbBt, mb^aj t^^itb KaKi) xtena h no- 
HepH RpecTbHHHHa rpoMRO pKAajiH, a TOJina, coOpaBma^CH y 
ABepett h36h, cb yacacoM'L cji'^ahjih 3a bc^mh A'i^^cTBiaMH 
cyA66H0^ BJiacTH H CTapajiacL yrbmHTb O'^ahux'b jRenii^HHb, 
BTHXOMOJiRy ocunaH npoRJMTiflifH AOHB-CanBBaAopa n dTHXi> 
jiDJieft^ ROTopne mofjih corjiacHTbCA 6uTb HcnojiHHTejiflMH Tpe6o- 
Bamtt noAJiofi co(3aRH. 

Kor^a Haciajia hohb, Bapperb, tohho snaBinifi bb oq'feneH*- 
Hie, nocji'b oxBaxuBinaro ero BspHBa O'^mencTBa, yBujxhJib^ 
jiexeaiuit! na 3eMJi'b ysejii) ci> oziexcAOli, h ycjiHrnajiii MeTaa- 
jiHHecRitt SByRB ynaBmaro Kb ero HoraMB Md^mRa, B'b koto- 
poMi» HaxoAHJiHCb noJiBBHA opyAiH. 3to 6ujio Bce, HTO eify 

OCXaBHJIH. 

— Oiei^'B... 0Tei;T>... — pH^aJiH bobji* Hero Apoacamie rojiooa 
8to (5hjih AonepH, CpocHBmiaca bb ero oCxaiia; h bm*- 

cri^ CB HHMH 6'&AHaH xceHa, CojibHaa, Apo^aiuaA orb jih- 
xopaAKH, a BAajiH, to^ho xopB ipareAiH, — ctohjih oAHOceJib- 
^aHe. 

Bce ROH^eno — ero BucejiHJiH... JIdah, OA*THe bb nepHoe, aa- 
nepjiH ero aomhrb, ysesH cb co(3oia rjiiohh, h ho ocTaBHBB hitb 
HHiero, RpoMt BOTB 8Toro CBepTRa noHomeHHaro njiaiba h 
ifbmKa c^ nojieBHMH HHCTpyifeHTaMH. 

— Eu^e HaMA^TCJi spoMfl jxjih padroBopoBii, — BM'bniaJiCH IIh- 
MOHTo: — renepb nopa yacHHaTb. Y Hacb bb cejii HapoA'b Ao6pHfi... 
Jifljxfo Bappeia h ero ceMbro Bcb jik)6htb... Kto ace He corjia- 
CHTCH padA'^^HTb Cb hhmh KycoRB xrMbl.,. ecjiH He ORaacoTca 
HHHei'o Apyroro. 

}KeHa H AO^epH 6'hjiBaro RpecTb^iHHHa pa36pejiHCb no co- 
ct^WM-B, hto6h npoBecTH HOHb BB Hxix HsOax-b, a jxAjisi Bap- 
perb ocrancA y IlHMeHTo, noA'b ero HaA3opoMB. 

Ohh CHA'bJiH npH saauKeHHoil cB'biR'b ao a^chth HacoBi> Be- 
^epa^ BHRypHBaH cnrapy sa cerapofi. 

B'bAHHft cTapHRi RasaJicA ofiesyM'i^BniHBrb. Onb oTPis^aji^b 
cyxHMH, OAHOCJioacHUMH cjioBaMH, roBTopafl: 

~ IlHiieHTo, oTAafl Mfffe pyacbe! 

H IlHMeHTo yjiu6ajiCH H'i^cROJibRO yAHBJieHHo. Ero nopamajio 
BHeaanHoe fid^mencTBO CTapHRa, ROToparo Bce cejio c^Hiajio 
TaKHMi> CMHpHHiTb H THXEMi*. OiAaTb OMy py«be? — HycTb no- 
AoacAOTB... He TpyAHO no npaMOfl MopniiHHKt, Roxopan Jierjia y 
Hero MeacAy OpoBHMH, oxraAaTb nenoROJieSHMoe ptnienie... 

BappoTb BojiHOBajiCJi Bce 6ojibnie h Oojibme. Y nero h^^tb 
Apyaefl, ohx bto jicho bhahtb — B&h ohh neOjiaroAapHHe B'b 
poAt AOH'b-CajibBaAopa, ohi> ho xohotb sA'bcb cnaxb, ohb 3aAH- 
xaeica Tyi'b. H, nomapHBB bb MimK'b cb noJiesHMH opyAi^MH^ 



156 PyOOKOI BOFATOTBO. 

-0Kb BHHyjTt oTryfla cepn-B, aaTKHyjn* ero ceO'fe 8a hohcb k 

Btj TaKie ^acH owb HH^ero He iioacerB c^tJiaTb, nycTb »• 
cumrb ceet b-b noji*, ecjiH CMy TaKT> xo^ercwi. SanepeBnb 
.^BepH CBoe^ JxanyrH, IlHMeHTO yjierc^ cnaTb. 

SflA^ BapperB OTiipaBHJicH npHMo ki* ce6'h na nojie h, RaH'B 
CpomeHHaa coCaKa, cTajn> KpyjKHTbca okojio CBoero ^KHJinma. 

SanepTo... sanepTO HaBcer;ta! CrbHH j^oMa 6hjih BoaBeAeHM 
eme A*WMT>, caMTb me oht> hxt> e^eroAHO noAnpaBJiHJi'b, a ^o- 
HepH ero CtjiHJiH hx-b; ABop'B, xji^b-b, saKyTH j^jih cBHHett 
nocTpoeHH ero omoM'B, a cojioMeHHyio KpHmy, TaKyro BHCOKyi>, 
KpacHByi) BHEeJiii oht> :Re B3aM'bHT> CTapoll. 

JX'hsiou'h pyKT* ero 6hji'b TaKme naB'fec'B Ha;^^> KOjiOAAeirB, 
^T0Ji6u BHHo^pa;^BHX•B mnajiepi, h njieTenb, KpyroMTb KOToparo 
paspocjiacb rBOBAHKa, h HHHe i^BiTH... H Bce 9to 6y ji&rh 
co6cTBeHHOCTbiD HpyroFO, noTOMy nfo TaK'b BaxorfejiH jiioflH?.. 

IIoHCKaB'B sa KymaKOM'B, oh'b BHHyjn> orry^a Kopo6Ky chh- 
'^eK'B, htoOh nojjace^b cojioMennyK) KpHmy. IlycTb «ce Bce HAerB 
K-B Hopxy... BT) A'fe^cTBHTejibHocTH Bce B'hjih npHHanjieHtHTb eiiy, 
3T0 HSBicTHo Bory... H OH'B B'B npaB* yHHHTOMCHTb CBoe Hiiyme- 
CTBO, npesKAe H-feM-B OT^axb ero B'B pyKH rpaOnrejiefi. 

Ho Kor^a oht> coOpajica y:Ke noAMce^b cBoft CTapHfl aomtj, 
^yBCTBO yataca oxBarajio ero, tohho nepeATb hhm'b BCTajiH TpynH 
BchTh ero npeAKOB'B — h oh'b 6pocHjrb chhikh na bcmjii). 

OAHaKO, HeoTBHSHan mhcjib see paspyniHTB ne noKHAajia ero 
H CB cepnoM'B B'B pyKax'B 6pocHjica offB Ha CBoe nojie. 

It'fejiHe ^acH npoAOji^KajiocB sA'bcb A'bJio paapymeHiff. IIoa'b 
y^apaMH BajiHJiHCb flyrooOpasHHH nrnaJiepH, BOKpyni KOTopHX'b 
BHJiHCb sejieHHe cTeCjiH H-hjKHaro (|)acoJifl h caxapnaro ro- 
poxa, — JierhjiH bo bc* CTopoHH 606H, paacfe^enHHe 6'bnieHHMii 
B3MaxaMH cepna, a ny^KH cojiomh h ko^hh KanycTH TaK'b h 
cKaKajiH, TOHHO cpfeaaHHHH rojioBH, noATB ocTpofi CTSjibK), paacH- 
naa KpyroM'b ceCa mnpoKie jihctbh... IlycTb Hce hhkto ho boc- 
nojibsyeTca ero xpyAaMH... IIohth ao paacB'bTa pyCnji-b h 
yHH^To^KaJi'b oH-b TaKHiTb oOpaaoM'b Bce BOKpyr'b 6'femeHHMH 
yAapaMH, HSBepraa xyjiy, T'femacb rpoMKHMH npoKJiaTiHMH, noKa, 
HaKonei^'b, yxoMJieme He ycMHpHJio 6'femeHCTBa, h oH'b ne 6po- 
-CHjica Ha rpjiAH, oCjiHsaHCb, KaK'b peCenoK'b, cjieaaMH h Ay- 
Man TOM'b, HTo oTHHH'b HocTejibH) eMy CyAerb cjiymnrb Jinmb 
seMJiH, H ocTaeTCH Jinmb oaho — xoAHTb npocHTb mhjioctuhi) na 
^ojibmofi Aoporfe. 

Ero pa86yAHJiH nepBHe cojine^HHe Jiynn, csepKaBinie 
np^Mo B^b rjiasa, h BeceJioe ^npHRaHbe nrni^'b, npnraBniHX'b 
^08Jrb Hero. 

OH'b noAHJUiCH, oifbneH'feBmitl orb yroiiJieHiii h cupocTEr. 
IlHMeHTO H ero jKena HSAajiH sBajm ero no-fecTb ^To-HH6yAb, 



ncOKJlAXOB flOJU. 157 

HO Bapperb OTBtTHJi'b ci> npeaptnieMTb: 3op'Bt**— aa to, hto 
IlHMeHTO aaOpajii* ero py^Kbe... H owb noOpeJKb no Aoporb B'b- 
BajienciK)^ Apo^a OTh xojiOAa, He 8HaH, Ry^a ujifiTb. 

HpoxoAa MHMO TpaKTHpa ^HapKa**— ofli* aaniejnb Ty^a. Hsbos- 
HHRH H8i> 6jiH;KHHX'b cejiT> 8aroBopHJiH Cb HHM'b, BHpa»caa eMy 
coHyBCTBie B^b ero HecHacTiH^ h npHPJiacHJiH BuanTb cb hhmh 
craRaHHHR'b BHHa. Oni* cb yAOBOJibCTBieMi> corjiacHjicfl. Etfy 
:xoT&jiocb Hero-HH6yAB BHOHTb: xojiOA'b BUHBajicJi Bi* era- 

pHfl ROCT0. M OWbf TSLKOH BOdAOpHCHU:^, HpOPJIOTHJI'L 0AHH1> 3a 

ApyrHMi> ABa 6ojibmHX'b ciaRaHa boarh, ROTopHe to^ho orneH- 
HOM BOJiHo£k BajiHjm ero ocjia6'bBiniiS ^KOJiyAOR^b. 

JIhi^o Bappeia pacRpacH'bJiocb^ ho noTOMii RpacRa cm'^hh- 
Jiacb cMepTejibHO]^ 6ji'ibAH0CTbK) h rjiaaa najiHjiHCb RpoBbio*^ 

Gl> H3B03HHRaMH, ROTOpHC OFO ^KaJI'bjIH, OHl* CuJTb paBFOBOpHHB'b 
H AOB'hpHHB'b, nO^H RaR^b C^aCTJIHBHll HejIOB'feR'b. OH'b Ha3H- 
BaJTb HX'b wA^TH MOH**, yB'fepaJI'b, HTO HH MaJIO HO OropHCH-b 

TaRHMH nycraRaMH. B'hjib ne Bce me owb noTepaji'b: y Hero 
ocTajiocb jiyHmee B^b aom*— cepni* ero AtA^j AparocitHHocTbr^ 

KOTOpyiO OH'b He OTJIfiLJVb 6U H 3a AB'ibCTH HeTBepHROBl) MyRH. 

H 0Hi> BUHHMajTb H8'b-da HOHca cTaJibHoli cepni, hceuH h 
CjiecranyH, xaRoft ociptill h TaR'b BaRajieHHHfi, hto OH'b — yfit- 
paji-b A^jisi Bapperb — ptHcerb B^b B03Ayx'b TOHRyio nannpocnyK) 
<5yMary. 

PacnjiaTHBHiHCb wb TpaRT^p'b; h3boii;hrh, noAroHAH cBOHX'b 
iiyjioBi>, noTAHyjiHCb no HanpaBjieHiio Kh BajienciH, nanojiHHH 

BOdAyxii CRpHnOMl> ROJieClb. 

BappeTb ocxaBajiCH eu^e Gojibme naca bI) TpaRTHp'ib, pa3ro- 
BapHBan caMX Cb co6oa, HyBCTByn, hto B^b rojioBi y nero ne- 
jiaAHo; HaROHeoi'b, oCesnoKoeHHult HenpiHSHenHKHH B3rji>i> 
AaMH xodHes'b, ROTopue AoraAHBajincb, bi> RaROMOb OH'b coctoh- 
HiH, noHyBCTBOBajii> cMyTHoe ou^yn^enie cxaAa h, ho npo- 
CTHBniHCb, BKmeji'b, maTaacb, H3'b xpaRTnpa. 

OH'b He MOFb HarnaTb H3'b cBOHX-b MHCjiefi oAHoro ynop- 
Haro npeAcraBJieHiH. €!> saRpuTHMH rjiasaMH bha'I^'b OH'b 6ojib- 
molK caA^b anejibCHHHux'b A^peBbeBi), HaxoAHsmMca na paa-^ 
cTOAHin ^aca xoai>6h iie^Ay BeHHMaRjieTOMi> h MopeM'b. 
OH'b 6HBaji'b TaM'b He ^as'b no cBOHM'b A'^JiaM'b h xyAa ;Ke meji'b 
H xenepb. He 6yAeTi> jih xaR^b ycjiy^cjiHB'b jj,haBOjrb, ne 
ycTpoHX"bJiH eny xaM'b Bcxp-hny c'h xoBHHHOM'b, ROxopHflt no^xa 
enceAHOBHo oxnpaBJiHJica bt> caA'B. 

Bappex-b AoOpajica ao caAa nocji'fe AByxnacoBott xoAb6K. 
BoARa OBJiaA'ftJia iimi> Bceu'fejio, — OH'b ne anaji'b yace, aai'feM'b sa- 
CpajicH cK)Aa, B'b xaRyio Aajib, h ROH^HJi'b xtM'b,. ^xo CBaJiHJica 

BX ROHOnjMHHHR'b, y RpaH AOpOFH. BCROpt CpCAH SeJieHHX'b, 

BHCoRHX'b cxeOjieM pasAajiCH XHHcejiHfi, uhHRuH xpan'b. 

KoPAa OH'b npocnyjicH, yate Be^ep-feJio. Bappex'b HyBcxBOBaji'b' 



158 pyccROi BorAtCTBO. 

TflMcecTb B'B rojioB* H nycTOTjr wb mejijjiKh. Bt> ymaxt y Hero 
myMi-io, a bo pry OHJia orBpaiHTejiBHaH ropeHb. Hto oh'b 
jxhjidieTh b(5jih8h caAa AOH'B-CajibBaAopa? KaRT> no[iajiT> oh'b 
CDfla? 

Ho, noAHHMancb na Horn, oH'b yBHA'bJrb na Aoporb nejio- 
B'bRa B'B njiaui'b, MeA«JieHHO HanpaBjiHK)iii;arocH B'B ca^ib. 

Bapperb no^yBCTBOBajiTi, KaK'b bch KpoBb y^apujia OMy wb 
rojioBy. Omb 6ucTpo BHAepnyji'b H3'b-8a nonca cepn-b. 

CTapuft pocTOBmHR-b KOJieOajicH, bhxoahtb jih eMy ceroAHH 
HBTi AOMy HJiii H'ferb. Ero HtcKOjibKO 6e3noKOHJio npoHcmecTBie 
cb BappexoMT,: Majio jih B'B cejii rojioBoptaoB'b? Ho cTparb, 
^To ero OTcyTCTBieM'b Moryrb BocnojibsoBaTbcn, bbhjh Bepx'b 
saA'b onaceHiHMH. 

Jl^oH'b-CajibBaAop'b y^i^e BHA'bJi'b cboK ca^'b h cMtajicH EAjx'b 
CBOHMH onaceniaMH, KaK'b BApynb nepeAT> hmmii MejibKHyji'b 

BHCKO^HBmift KSly KOHOHJIHHHHKa J[SIJIH BappCTb, KOTOpHft HO- 
RasaJICH OMy CTpamHHMT> A^MOHOM^b CT> RpaCHUMT> JIHU[0M1> H 

pacnpocTepTHMR pyKaMH. HpHMtaB'b ero R'b Rparo RanaBH, HAy- 
mefl BAOJib AoporH, RpecTbHHHH'b OTp'fesaji'b OMy BcaKift nyrb R'b 
^J-fercTBy. CMHTenie h y^acb pocTOBiAHRa 6hjih TaR'b bojihrh, 

^TO OH'B 3ar0B0pHJn> npepHBHCTHM'b rocoMK 

— BappeTT)... Apyr'b moK... Bce 9To 6hjio Jinnib myrKOft ... 
ycnoRoftcji... a xorbJTb lOJibRO nyrnyrb Te6a neMHoro... Sojibme 
flHiero... 3eMJia ocTaneTca 3a Tofiofi... 3afJAH ro mh* saBipa... 

MH nOrOBOpHM'b CTy TOOofi... Th CyAeiHb MH* nJiaXHTb, CROJIEKO 

xo^emb... 

Ofl'b Becb H3BHBajicfl, CTapaacb, ^to(5h aha« Bapperb ne 
iipH6jiH3HJica R'b HOMy — HHTajica cnacTHCb, yflTH oT-b yacac- 
Haro cepna, na jiesBi'fe Roroparo npejioMJiajica cojine^HHtt 
jiyiT) H OTpaacajmcb He6ecHaa cHHesa. Ho TaR'b RaR'b csaAH 
<5HJia KaHasa, eMy HCKyAa Cbkio ABHHyTbca, h, OTKHByBTb 
Ttjio HasaAi), 0ET> npHRpHBajiit ce6H cyAopoacHO c:KaTbiMH 
pyRaMH. 

KpecTbHHHH'b yjiK(5ajica^ RaR'b lieHa, noRasHBaa cboh ocTpbie 
H 6'bjiHe 3y6H. 

— Bpemb... Bpemb!— OTBtnaji-b oH'b rojiocoM'b, RaaaBmHMca 
niHrrfeHieM'b. 

H pa3MaxHBaa cepnoMTb H3'b CTopoHH B'B cTopony, OH'b 
HCRaJiij MtcTa, RyAa 6h yaapHTb, H36'braH xyAHX-b h cyAO- 
poatHo c5KaTHXT> pyRi), BHTHHyTHX'b BnepeA'b. 

— Bapperb... cuwb Moft... ^to m^b 3to laRoe... Bpocb CBofi 
^sepn'b... He nrpatt hmT)... B-feA^ th ate ^ecTHHft TOJioB-feRb... 
BcnoMHH cBOHX'b AO'iepax'b... FoBopro TeO-fe, ^to Bce 6hjio 
jiHmb myTKoft.., 3aflAH ro MH'fe 3aBTpa... h h oTAaM'b TeOt 
iCJiK)... Aa-a^... 

3x0 6Hjrb yatacaromifl peB'b, RpHR'b panenaro 3B'bpH. ycxaB-b 



npoKJiATOi nou. 159 

scrpi^aTb npenHTCTBiH, cepmb oahhm'b BSMaxoM'B OTp'fesaji'B o^Hy 
H3i> cjAopoatHO cmhThLTb pyjt^. Ona BHcbjia jiHmi> na Koatt h 
MycKyjiax'B, h h31> KpacHaro o6py6Ka noTOKOMTb jiHJiacb KpoBb, 
o6AaBT> (5pH3raMH BappeTa, KOTopHfi BCKpHKayjii, nonyBCTBOBaBi 
Ha JiHi^t Biy ropanyro CTpyiD. 

OrapHK'B BamaTajiM, ho ne ycniji-B eHi;e rpoxHyxbCH na 
aeMJiH), cepn'b, yAapHB-B ero no met, paaoM'b OTH'hjitijrh roJioBy 
OTB TyjioBHma. 

Jlfiwb CaJibBaAop'b ynajn> Wb KanaBy, a Horn, cyAopoacHo 
noAeprneaHCB, ociajiHCb naCepery. H3t> fojiobu JiHjiacB RpoBb, 
H noKpacHtBinafl Bo^a RanaBbt npo;iojiacajia Te^b cb thzhmx 
aeypqanieM'b, oacEBnaBniHicb TopacecTBeHHoe MOJiHanie nenepa. 

Bapperb bt^ oi]('kneH'&HiH cTO^Ji'b na Rpan RaHasH... CROJibRO 

KpOBH B-b BTOM'b pa36ottHHR'b! H, OXBa^eHHMft yacaC0M3>, OH'b 

nycTHJicH B/ipyr'b etacatb, toiho onacaacb, hto noTOR'b RpoBH, 
paajiHBniHCb, Moacerb noionHXb ero. 

He R0H1HJICH eiAe A6Hb, RaRi* pacnpocTpaEHjiacb BCDAy 
CTparanaa Btcrb, to^ho nyme^HHfi BHCTptji'b, BSBOJiHOBaBmaa 
BCD ORpyry. Bha'^JIh jih bh JiHi^OMtpHoe ABHHceme h paAOCiHoe 
MOJi^ame, rotophmti napoA'b BCTpinaerb stcrb o rnOejiH npa- 
BHTeJM, npHTfecHaBmaro ero? TaK'b onjiaRHBajio h Bce cejio 
^Mepxb AOH-b-CdJibBaAopa. Bcb yraAUBaJiH pyRy a^AH Bappexa, 
H HHRTo He CRasajii) HH cJioBa. JJflSi Hero Bcb jia'iyrH 6trphjih 6u 
caMHa noraeHHUH cboh y6'bacHii;a. 

Ho yCiaaa, RaKt CeayMHHa, CRHxajica no aojihh*, yfitraa 
-oTb JiDAefl, aaOnpaacb noA'b mocxh, RHAaacb co Bcfex'b Horii 
Hepes'b nojia oxTb jiaa co6aR'b, noRa, HaROHem>, na cjitAyro^i^ 
j^eHb nojiHiUa ne 3axBaxHJia ero, coHnaro, wb capa'b. 

I]('bjiHe mecxb ifbcai^eB'b sii cejiib xojibRo h 6hjio paaroBo- 
poB'b, Hxo A«A* Bappex*. 

Ho BOCRpeceHbHM'b MyacHHHu H aceHnxHHH oxnpaBJiajiBCb, 
T?0HH0 Ha 6oroMOJibe, Bi* xiopbiiy B'b BajienciK), hxo6h xaBTb nepea^ 
pimexRy nocMoxpixb Ha „ocBo6oAHxejin", Bce eojite h Oojite 
xyA^Bmaro, ch npoBajiHBniHMca rjia3aMH h 6e3noRo0HHV'b 
BarjiflAoifb. 

HacxaJi'b, HaROHeui>, Aenb cyAa, h Bapperb 6Hjn> npHroBopem. 

KB CMepXHO^ RaBHH. 

HsBtcxie 3X0 nepenojioniHJio bch) ORpyry. CejibCRie CBanneH- 
fiBRH H ajibRajibAH ptmHJiH A*^cxBOBaxb, hxo6h HsCiacaxb xaRoro 
cpaiia: Hxib OAHocejibnaHHH'b npHroBopeHi> r'b CMepxHoli Radsn! 
H TaRi. RaRT) Bapperb 6Hjrb BcerAa B'b ^HCJii noRopHHXT>, 
CMHpHHXT>, noA^HHHBniHXca Hx^b npuRasaHiflM'b, xo He noji* 

HHJIHCb CT>'fe3AHXb B'b MaApHAl*, HX06h CnaCXH ero «H3Hb — H 

ji^oOnxHCb noMHJioBaHiH. 

KpeCXbHHHHl» BHmeJI'b H3'b XDpbMH HCHBHM'b XpynOBfb II 

^HJib oxnpaB^ieHTb B'b Ceyxy, ta* h yicep^b H-fecKoabRo Ji'bx'b cnycxa. 






180 P700&01 BOrATOTBO. 

CeMba 3Ke ero paac^HJiacB, KaK-b ropcTb oTpyCeU na BtTpy. 

^onepH, OAHa 3a ;ipyrofl[, noKHHyjiH npiDTHBmia HXTb 
ceMbH, hto6h sapaOaTHBaTB ceC*]^ ijrk6i> b'b BajieHciH Biy Rane- 
CTBt cjiyjKaHOKTb, a CiAHaa cTapyxa-Maib, ycTaBi. Ceano- 
KOHTb cociAefi CBOHMH HefljTaMH, ynijia bt> 6ojibHHi^y, ta* 
BCKopi H yMepjia. 

06HBaTeJiH cejia, cb cBo£tCTBeHHoft Bci^ifb Jiiojsflwb ckjioh- 
HOCTbH) 3a6HBaTb Hy«coe HecMacrie, e^Ba-eABa y^e homehjih o 
crpaniHoa xpareAin, pasHrpaBineKca cb AHAefl BappeTOMT*, hhkto 
HeAywaji-b TOMi), ^TO CTajiocb cb ero AO'iepbMH, 

Ho HHKTO He saOHJi'b nojiefl h HsfiyniKH Bappeia, ocraBaB- 
niHxca B'b TOM-b Hce nojioaceHin, B'b KaKOMii ohh 6hjih, KorAa 
cyA'b BHcejiHji'b OTryAa Hec^acTHaro apenAaiopa. 

9to Ohjio MOJi^ajiHBoe corjiamenie Bcero ceJia, o6ujfA 3a- 
roBop-b, Ha noAroTOBKy KOToparo e^Ba jih (5hjio noipa^eno MHoro 
cjioB-b, HO B'b KOTopoM-b, Kasajiocb, npHHHMajiH ynacTie jidLsme 

AepeBbH H TponHHKH. 

B'b caMMfl AGHB KaTacTpo(|)H IlHMeHTO CKaaaji-b: — IIocmo- 

TpHMT>, KTO OCMtjIHTCH BBflTbCa 8a 06pa60TKy 8THX'b HOJiefl!.. 

H Bcb acHTejiH cejia, ne HCKJuo^aa McennijHH'b h A^Tefi, Bsrjia- 
AOM'b BsaHMHaro noELHMaHia, KaK-b 6yAT0, OTsiTHJiH eMy: „^a, 

nOCMOTpHM-b!** 

IIpoKJiaToe nojie, Koropoe a^aa BappeTi onycroniHJi'b m> 

Ty HOHb, CTaJIO nOKpHBaibCa TepHOBHEKOM-b H BCflKHMH Hy^KC- 
HAHHMH paCTeHiHMH. 

CHHOBbH AOHa CajibBaAopa— TaKie ate CKynHO 6ora^H KaK-b 
H oTeuj-b Hx-b— c^HTajiH ce6a paaopeHHHMH, noroMy hto aTOT^ 
npHHaAJieataBinif! hm-b ynacTOK-b seMan ocxaBaaca aenpoHSBo- 
AHieabHHM'b. 

KpecTbaHHH'b HB-b ^yacoro oKpyra, ^eaoB'bK'b acaAHHfi na, 
aoMaio, npeJibCTHBmHCb HHSKoft naaTOfi, coraacHaca 6Hao BsaTb 
B-bapeHAy noae, BHymaBmee BC'bM'b cTpax-b. 

Oh pyacbeM-b 8a nae^aMU OTopaBaaca oa-b na namHH): h 
OH-b caMB, H ero noAeniiiiHKH CM-feaancb naA'b rhwh oahho- 
HecTBOM-b, K-b KOTopoMy ^Tb HpHcyacAaiH cociAH; ABepH aanapa- 
ancb, KOPAa owb npoxoAnaib memo hmxti; h nsAaan ca-^AHaH aa 
EHM-b spaacAeCHHe aaraaAH. 

KpecTbaHHH'b Aepmaaca aa CTopoacfe, npeA^yBCTBya aacaAy; 

HO OCTOpOaCHOCTb HO HpHBeaa HH K'b HeMy, TaK-b KaK-b OA- 

HaacAH BenepoM-b, KorAa oH-b BOBBpaniiaaca aomo^ OAHffb, en^e 
He KOHnHB-b sanamKH, B'b nero ABaacAH BHcrp'feaHaH, TaK-b 
HTo oH-b He BHA'feJi'b cTp-jftaaBHiaro H ToabKO ^yAOM-b cnacca 
OT'b nyab, npocBHCTaBmnx'b mhmo ymefi. 

Ha Aopor-fe HHKoro ne 6Hao bhaho — HHrA* ne Cuao CB-b- 
acHX'b ca'bAOB'b. B'b nero cip'feaaaH HS'b KaKoa-^aafiyAb KanaBH, 
K CTp-baaBmift cHA'bJi'b B'b sacaA'b cpeAH KaMHma. 



J 






npoBJiaTOB nojUB. 161 

CTb TaKHMH BparaMH HejiBsa 6hjio CopoTbCH, h xpa6pei;T> Bt 
Ty ate Ho^tt> oxHect kjiioih otb AOMa losjieBaMt. 

HyacHO 6hjio cjinmaTb acaJioOn cnHOBeft Aona CajibBa^opa. 
HeyacTo Hirb bt> crpan* hh npaenreJibCTBa, hh oxpaHH ajih 

SaKOHHHX'B npaBT> COSCTBeHHOCTH? i 

Bhhobhhk-b noKyiueHia 6Hjn>, necoMH'bHHO, IlHMeHTo, — oht*, 
npenjiTCTBOBaBmifi TOMy, ^ttoCh o6pa6aTHBajiocB nojie; nojiHi^ia 
apecTOBana y^ajima h nocaflHJia b'b xiopbMy. 

Ho KorAa HacxynHJi'L momchtb AaRaxb noKaaama, bch 
oKpyra nponijia nepcA'B cyAbeft, yrBepatnaa HeBRHOBHOCTb IIh- 

MCHTO, H HH y KOFO "H3^ 9THX'b AepeBeHCKHXTi nJIJ'TOB'b HCJIbaa 

Chjio BHpBaxb HH CAHHaro npoTHBopiHHBaro noKaaaHia. 

Bet noBTopajiH BayqeeHHfl ypoKi>. J^aace CojibHua cxapyxH, 
HHKorAa He BuxoAHBiniH HS'b CBOHX'b jia^yrb, noKasHBajiH, 

TTO B'b TOTB ACHb H KSiKh pa3'b B'b TOTb CaMHft ^aCb, KOFAa 

pasAajiHCb ABa BucTpijia, IlHMeHTO Cuji-b B'b xpaKTHp* Ajib6o- 
paa, napya xaM-b cb cbohmh ApysbflMH. 

Hn^ero nejiba^ 6hjio noa'fejiaTb ch jiroAbMH, KOTopHO, ct 

HeBHHHHMI, BHAOM'b MJiaAeHI^eBTb HOHeCHBaJIH Ce6a B'b aaiHJIK'fe 

H jirajiH Bcbifb TaR'b caMoyB'i^peHHo. IlHMeHTa aoji^hn 6ujih 
BHnycTHTb Ha cBoCoAy, h HS'b BC'bx'b Jianyri* BHpBajica BSAOx-b 
paAOCTH H TopacecTBa. 

OnuTb Chjib CA^JiaHT) — h xenepb Bchwb cxajio HSBtcxHO, 
Hxo sa o6pa6oxKy axoro y^acxKa npHAexca njiaxHXb acHBHbro. 

CKynHe BJianiJibi^H He yroMOHHJiHCb— ohh ptmnjiH caMH 
o(5pa6axHBaxb cbod aeMJiio h HaHH.TiH noAeHmnKOB'b H3T> HHCJia 

rfeXT> nOKOpHHX'b H BHHOCJIHBUXTb KpeCXbHH'b, OXT> KOXOpHX'b 

padHTB HHm^^xofi, H KoxopHe, HoroHaeMHe rojiOAOM'b, cnycKaioxca 
B'b noHCKax'b sa pafioxofi Cb AaJi^KHX'b norpaHHHHHX*b rop-b 
ApparoHiH. 

B'b cejrfe acaji-bjiH 6'bAHHX'b noAeemnKOBi*. Hec^acxHHel 
Ohh pa6oxaK)Ti» noAeHHO,— B'b qeM-b sue vlxt> BHna? H noBAHHM'b 
Be^epoM'b, KorAa ohh ch Jionaxott Ha njie^ax'b, mjiH ch paCoxH, 
naxoAHJiHCb Ao6pHe jiioah, sasHBaBmie HX-b B'b xpaKxapi* „HapKa". 

TyXl> BHHHBaJIH Cb HHMH, H TOBOpHJIH HM^b Ha yXO, Cb XMJ- 

pmrb jiHi^oMT*, HO AoCpHM'b, oxe^ecKHM'b xoHOMT), B'b poA* xoro, 
KaRi> roBopHXT> ch A^^TbMH, KoxopHM'b coB'feTyiox'b HsO'fcraxb 
onacHOCXH. H pe3yjibxaxi> CHJi'b xoti», hxo noKopHHe CtAHHrn 
Ha cji'bAyioiAifl 5Ke aohl BM-bcxo xoro, hxo6h oxnpaBHXbca na 
pafioxy, rypbfiofl HBJiaJiHCb k'b BJiaA'feJibi^aM'b seifJiH n roBopHJin: 

— TocnoAHH'b, MH iipHmjiH, ^xo6h xh HaM-b BanjiaxHJii). 

TmeXHH OUJIH BCb AOBOAH X03fleBT>, npHXOAHBHlHX'b B'B 

O'femeHCXBo. 

— TocnoAHH-b, — oxBt^ajiH noAenniiHKH na Bcfe yroBopH: — 
MH juojivi 6'baHHe, ho AopoacHM^b cBoefi m^sBhJO. 

H OHH He xoJibKO 6pocajiH paCoxy, ho h npeAynpeacAanH 

X 7. OtaAjtb I. 11 



I 



162 PyOOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CBOHX'b 3eMJiHK0BT>, ^to6h Tt HsfiliraJiH noAeHmHHH Ha nojiax7> 
jiajiM Bappexa, KaK'b naO'brafO'rb AtHBOJia. 

Bjiafltjibi^H npoKJi^xaro nojia oCpamajiHCb aa noKpoBH- 
TeJibCTBOM'b Aa^e Kt rasexaM'b. H nojiHaetlcKaa cxpaMta 
HBJiaJiacb btj cejio, pucKaJia, noACMafpHBajia na Aoporaxt, 
cji'feAHJia 3a jKecxaMH h paaroBopaMH, Bce Oes'b Majrbflmaro 
peajTJibxaxa. 

illeJii) A^Hb 3a AHeMij. 5KeHmHHH hihjih h nijiH nicHH, 
CHAH HaAT> BHHorpaAHHMH miiaJiepaMH, Mym'iHBH yxoAHJiH 
Ha nojie, vjifk ctj cornyxofi cnHHoft, cl rJia3aMH, ycxpeMJieH- 

HHMH BTi BCMJIH), HO AaBajIH p03AHXa CB0HM1> pyKaM-b. IIh- 

MeHXo jieHcajii), KaK'b 3BaxHHfl ceHbopb, pacxaHyBuiHCb jiepeATb 
npyxbHMH, HaMa3a'JHUMH nxnibHM'b KJieewhy noASKHAaa iixHm>, 
HJiH Mte jrfeHHBo H HeyKJiioace noMoraa Ilenex* B^b oropoA*; 
a Bi> xpaKXHp'b „HapKa** HtcKOJibKo cxapMKOB'b rptjiHCb na 
cojiHU'fe HJiH me Hr[)ajiH na CiiJibHpA'b. Becb nefl3aHii> Atimaji'b 
THmHHOft, caoKoficxBieMi) H AoCpoAlixejibK). OAHaKO, 3HaBniie, 

B'b qeM-b A^JIO, He AOBip^JIH 3X0My HOKOK), H HH OAHH'b 

KpecxbflHHHt He corjiamajica jsfiime AapoM*b B3axb Bt apeHAy 
3Jioc^acxHHfl yqacxoK'b. 

HaKOHei^'b, BJiaA'feJibiiiaM'b npHmjiocb oxKasaxbcn oxt> CBOHX'b 

nOHHXOK'b. 

Bca oKpyra cb xpenexoM*b yAOBOJibCXBia naCjiioAajia KaK'b 
xepfljiocb 8X0 AocxoHHie, h HacjitAHHKH AOfla Ca/ibBaAopa oKa- 

BblBaJlHCb 6e3CHJIbHHMH. 

9x0 6HJI0 rpoMaAHoe Hacjia^KAenie. Jlojisaou ace dtAHHe 
KorAa, HHGyAb B3iixb BepxTb naA'b OoraxbiMH, a Coraxue uoa- 
HHHHXbCH HM-b. H cyxoH xjiliCi Ka3ajicH BKycflie, bhho jiynme, 
Tpy A'b He cxojib HsnypHxeJibHHM'b npn mkcjih o fitineHcxBt 
CKynaoB-b, Koxophie, necMoxpn na Bci cboh AeHbrn, aojiskhu 
BUHocHXb nacM'l^aiKH RpecxbAHi) naA'b hhmh. 

Kij xoMy sue, axo xoMHoe n^^xHO Bauymenia h paBopenia 
cpeAH AB-fexyniiett aojihhu HanoMHHajio h ApyrnM'b BJiaAt^ttb- 
qaM*b, Hro6H ohh 6hjih MCH'fee xpe6oBaxejibHH, ne ysejiH- 
HaBajiH apeHAHOl! nJiaxhi h xepntjiHBO acAaJiH ea BBHoca. 

3a6pomeHHua nojia Gmjih KaK^ 6u xajiHCManoM-b, o6epe- 
raBHiHM'b x'bcHyK) csasb uemjiy mnxejiaMH cejia; Bt^HHM'b 
naMaxHHKOM'b HXb BJiacxH naA'b xoBaeBaMH; ^yAOM-b coJiHAap- 
HocxH OiAHoxH B'b 6opb6t cb BaKOHaMH H eoraxcxBOM'b XiX'b, 
Rxo BaaA'i^ex'b noMtcxbaMH, ne o6pa6axuBaa hxI) h He nojiHBaa. 

CBOHMTj noxoM'b. 

Bce 8X0 CMyxHO npeACxaBJiaaocb KpecxbSHaM'b, sacxaBJiaa 
HX'b AyMaibj ^ro B'b xoxt> A^Hb, KorAa iiojia AaAH Bappexa 6y- 
Ayxi> cHOBa o6pa6axHBaTbca, BcaKaro poAa nauacxH o6pymaxca 
Ba HX'b cejio. H hhkxo He mAaJi'b, hxo6h nocjit AecaxHJi'^XHaro 
iipoMe>KyxKa Mori> cxynaxb na 3anym.eaHhitt y^acxoK'b aeMJiH 



nPOSJIlSITOB QOJIB. 163 

kto-jihCo, Kpowh jiRjxsL ToM6a, 6HBinaro „rBepHjn>epo*, a xenepB 
cjitnoro H poCKaro nacTyxa, KoropHfi, aa HeHM'bHieM'b flpy- 
TETh cjiymaTejiefi, Ka«flHa Aenb noBTopaJit nepea'b CTajtoMi* 
rp^3BKxi> OBem> pa3CRa3i) o cbohx'b Oujiux'b noABHrax'B. 

BoTh noieMy cjiumajiHCB BocRJiHi^aHifl HdyMjieHi^ h 6'bnieH- 
CTBa Bcero cejia, Kor^a IlBMeHTo cb uojih na nojie h H31> Jia- 
HyrH BB Jianyry nepeaaBajii> HSBtcxie o tomb, ^rro namejica 
apeeflaTop'B na bcmjih Bappexa, — He3HaK0Mei^T>, KOTopufl ocm*- 
jiHJicfl ABHTBCH CO Bcetl ceiiBefi H xenepB npecnoRofluo ycrpan- 
Baercfl, KaKB Cy^To Bce arc npHHa^Jie^HTB eMy! 



III. 



OcMorp'feB'B BanymeHHoe nojie, BaTHcrb cRaaaJHi ce6t, hto 
TyTB y Bero 6yneTB ne iiajio A'feJia. 

Ho 3T0 H6 Mcnyrajio ero. Ohb Chjtb neJiOB'bRB npe;tnpmM- 
hhbhK, aHeprHqHult, npHBHEcmi^ rb T^Hcejio^ 6opb6t HBB-aa 
RycRa xjTbOa. A TyrB oh'b MOMceiB pasAoOHTb ero ce6* bz^obojib. 
He pasi} dHBajiB oh^ euce bb xymnnxB nepeflpflraxB. 

KorAa OHB meEHJicsif to 6hjib paOoTHHROMB Ha MejiBHnD['&, 
Wh oRpecTHocrax'B Caryflra. PaOoTajTB oh'b, RaKB bojii, aafto- 
THCB, ^ttoOh He 6hiJio HexBaTOKi) B'B AOM'b, H BorB, BB Harpajjy 
3a TpyziojiK>6ie, nocHJiajii* eMy eHceroAHo no peCeHRy — ^yAHna 
coswHi^, noBHAHMOMf, po»;iaBioiHCH CB syCaMH, cy^H no To£k 
nocu'femHOCTH, cb KaRo^ ohh 6pocajiH MaTepHHCRyio rpyAB, 
TTo&B ixhJiuti A^HB npocHTB xa'bCa. 

B'B pesyjiBTarb BaTHCTy npnnuiocB OTRaaaTBca otb paCoTH 
na MejiBHHolv h nofliH bb h3B031>, B'B Ha^e^A*^ Ha 6(mhimA 
sapadoTORii. 

Ho HeyAa^a npecji'bAOBajia ero h dA'i^cB. Hhrto TaRB 3a- 
60TJIHB0, RaRB OHB, He yxaHtHBajiB 3a crothho^ , hhrto ne 6u;i'b 

TaKHM'B HCnOJIHHTeJIBHNMB. HUROFAa He p'bmaJICH OH'B, nOAOCHO 

TOBapantaM-B, sacnyTB bb Teji'br'b, npeAocTaBHB'B jiomaAH 
HATH, RyAa eft BBAynaeTCJi, BcerAa mesrh BnepeAH ea, 
BHCnpaH Aopory, HBO'feraH phtbhhb h hmt*, — h, rkurb 
He MeH'ibe, ecJiH onpoRHAueajiCH KaRof!-HH6yAB bo3B, to ne- 
npeM'bHHO ero, — ecjiH RaRoe-HH6yAB ^hbothoo Bafioji'bBaJio, to 
HenpeM'feHHO ero, — HecMOTpn na OTenecRyjo 3a6oTJiHBocTB, cb 
ROTOpon OHB cn'braHJiB upHKphiBaTb 6oKa cbohxb jiomaAefi no- 
noHaMH H3B AepiOFH, jmnib tojibro HannHajTB HaKpanuBaTB 

I],^jiiif! p^AT* Ji'bT'B CTpaHCTBOBanifi no CojiBniHMB Aopo- 
rSiWhy B'bHHaro HeAotAaHBH, HoneBOK'B noA'B otkputhmb 

11* 



164 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

HoCoM'B, cTpaAanitt AOJiroft pasjiyRH ct ceiihefi, KOTopyi) offB 

OorOTBOpHJI'B COCpeAOTO^eHHOK) JIK)60BbK) HOJIOB'bRa MOJi^ajiHBaro 

H cypoBaro — BaiHcrL TepirbJTB oahh jiRnib y6HTKH, h hojio- 
MteHie ero eme Cojrfee yxy^inHJiocb. 

EpOCHB'B BaHATie HBBOBOITb, OH'b BBAJTb 3% apOHAy KJIOViOKb 

seMJiH Ojihb'b CaryHTa — KpacHoe, neciaHoe, Bt^Ho BacymeHHoe 

nojie. 

SA'&Cb BCfl ero ^H3Hb npoxoA^Jia B'b nocroHHHoK 6oph6'h 
c% Bacyxofi, B'b CeanpepHBHOM'b HaCjnoAemH 3a Thwb ^to a*- 
jiaercH na neCt — h bcakHI pa3i> ohi> AposcaJib orb BOJiaeflia, 
jinmb TOJibRo xeMHoe o6jiaRO iioRaBUBajiocb Ha ropHBOHrb. 

JJfiHijieVL BunaAajio mbjio, ypo;KaH 6hjih njioxH B'b to- 
Heme Herapex-b jifcT-b, h BaTHcyrb ne Bnaji'b y^e, hto eny 
A'feJiaTb H RyAa A*Tbca, RorAa, B'b oaho hbtj cBOHX'b nyxe- 
mecTBiti B'b BajieHciH), nosHaROMHJicH xaifb cb cHHOBbHMH 
AOHa CajibBaAopa, jioCp'hUmauvL ceHbopaMii (Aa 6jiarocjiOBHrb 
HX'b FocnoAb!), ROTopHe npeAJioacHJiH OMy BsaTb y Hnx-b BTy 
HJioAopoAHyK) BOM^R) A^poMT), HO HJiaTfl apBHAH B'b Te^eHie 
AByxb jrhrb, noRa hojih ne upHAyrb B'b nepBOHanaJibHoe co- 
CTOflHie. 

Koft-HTO cjiHinaji'b, npaBAa, h BaTMcrb o npnHHHax'b, npn- 
HyAHBiHHX'b BJiaA'feJibi^eB-b ocxaBHTb BTyH'b npeRpacHyio seMJiK). 
Ho Bce 8T0 (5hjio xaR'b AaBHoI.. K'b TOMy «e, y HywcAH H'trb 
ymefli — nojia bth noAXOAaxb eiiy, h obi> HX'b bbjijh*. ^to 
eiiy 3a a'I^JIO ao CTapHxi> ncTopiS AOHa CajibBaAopa h a^Ah 
Bappera!.. 

Ohi* BC'bM'b BTHM'b upeHeOperb h Bce saGnn'b^ ocka- 
TpHBaa cBoe nojie. Borb xaR'b HacTOHntan 3eMJ[a — B'ib^HO 
noRpuTaa dejienbD, ct> neyTOMHMHMH h'^apamh, po^Aaioii^HMH 
acaxBH oAHy aa Apyroit, h RpacHOBaioft boaoA, cjiobho mHBO- 
TBopHaa RpoBb, 6'i^ryiAeli 3A'&cb 6e3npepHBHO no CesHHCJieHHHM'b 
RanaBaM'b, 6opo3AHii];HM'b noBepxHOCTb seMJin, tohho cjiOHCHaa 
cfeTb BeHi> H apxepift. H, npn BocnoMHHaHiH o BanymeHHHX'b 
nojiax'b CjiHB'b CaryHTa, ero npomjioe Raaajiocb eny RaRHM'b-TO 

aAOM'b, OTb ROTOparO OH'b CiaCTJIHBO H36aBHJICa. 

BaTHCT-b CHwTb laR-b BaHflTb ocMOTpoM'b cBoero y^acTRa, hto 
eABa oCpaTHJTb BHHManie na jidCohhtctbo, npoaBJieHHoe ero 
cocbAaMH. 

npocynyB'b roaoBH H3'b-3a Ranuma, hjih ae»ea na »hbot]^ 
Ha OyrpaxTb Aoporn, CMOTp'fejiH na nero MyoK^HHH, a*th h Aaat© 
menmHHH HB-b GjiHHCHHX'b xaxb. 

BaiHCT'b He oOpamaji'b na bto BHHMania. 9to TOJibRo jiE)6onHT- 
OTBO, HenpiaBHeHHoe OTHomeeie, BHymaeMoe BHOBb npnCuBniHMH. 

Eny BTO XOpomO H3B'feCTH0, HO CO BpeMeHOM'b OHH npHBHRHyTl^. 

K'b TOMy ace, ohi> 6ujVh Tenepb Bcei^tjio 8aHaTi> MHCJiaMH, RaR-b 



opoKjaToi nojiB. 165 

cropHTX BCH 3Ta He^HCTb, ROTopaH HaRonHjiacb Fb nojrb 3a 
jiecATb jitrb. 

Ob noMombH) TReEu H A*Tetl OH'b cmerb Ha apyrofl «e 
;ieHb nocjrfe npifena bcd ^ymeajiflyv) pacnrrejibHocTB, noitpH- 
BaBmyK) ero yqacroK'b. 

3eLThwb, He Tep^a BpeMenn, BaTHcrb npHcrynnjrb Kb o6pa- 
6oTR*b nojiH. 3eMJiH 6HJia acecTRaa, ho oHb, RaRT> onurnud 
seMJieflikjiei^'b, p'feniHjrb ee Boa^rfeJiHBaTb no nacTHirb, h, oTjifb- 

JIHB'b B6jIH3H JIOUB, ^eTUpej^FOJIbHHK'by Cb HOMOUlbK) BCefl 

ceMbH npHHHJicH paapiixjuiTb aaTBepA'i^Bniyi) noHsy. 

CocbAH rOBOpHJIH BHOBb npH^HBHIHX'b Cb HacifJbniKOft H 

HpoHiel)^ BT> KOTopux'b CRB03HJI0 Tjiyxoo pa3Apa»ceHie. BoTb TaRi* 
ceifeMRa!.. HacTonmie i^urane, cnamie no^n^ MocTaMH. IIpiroTHJiHCb 
Bb CTapofi Jia^yr'fe, kslkl noTepn*Bmie RopaCjieRpymeme npn- 
HaiinHBaioTCJi Kb pa36HTOMy cjjSBYy daROHonaxHB'b AHpy BAibcb, 
saCHBi) OTBepcTie ThWb h no^nepeB'b na CRopyD pyRy pa3Ba- 
jiHRaDiuyiocH cojioMeHHyD Rpumy. 

OTHOCHTeJibHO me uTb TpyA0JiK)6ifl nejibdH 6hjio cRasaTb 
HH^ero ;^ypHaro. ^ena BaTHCTa, Tepeca, h CTapmaa ^OHb 
Pocera, saxBaTHBi* k)6kh uesRjiy HOPb, cb JionaToK bi> pyRaxi, 
R onajiH deifJiK) Ry^a cb CojibmHH'b pBenieMi^ -^wb no^eHu^HRH, 
OTAHxaH JiHinb Ha MrHOBOHie, hto0h OTRHnyTb bojiocu, na- 
j^aBmie Ha BcnorbBmifi h noRpacH'bBmiK jioCi*. CTapmiS 
CHHT> TO H A^Jio nyTemecTBOBaji'b cb cnjiereHHOfi nsi) robhjih 

R0p3HHOfi 3a CaHHO^ Vb BfUieRClD, npHHOCH OTTyAa HaB03'b a 

orCpocH, ROTopne OH'b CRjia;iHBaji'b y Bxo^a bt> H36y B'b jiB-h 
RyHH, TO'iHo jiB'h no^exHHH RojioHHH. A Tpoe MajiHmetl — cepbOB- 
HHe H TpyA0JiH)6HBue — RaR'b 6yaTo noHEMan nojio^eme coMbH, 
nojiBajTH na nexBepeHbRax'b sa RonaBmHMH 3euax)y BHpuBaa 
«ecTRie RopHH co^KatcHHaro RycrapHHRa. 

IIoAroTOBHTejibHaH paCora npoAOJiacajiacb 6ojr6e hba'^jih, npH 
^ewb BCH ceifbH ipyAHJiacby He noRJia^aH pjKb^ (yrb 3apH ^o 
noBOTiiro Benepa. 

IIojioBHHa nosisi OHJia roTOBa — a To^;^a BaTHcrb cTajiii 
BcnaxHBaTb h 6opoHHTb ero cb noMoiii;bi) CTapotl^ ho eu^e 6oa- 
polK aomaAeHRH, Roropa^, Rasajiocb, TO»ce Oujia RaRi> 6u HJie- 

HOlfb CeMbH. 

HcrynHJio BpeMJi oth nocfeBa. BaxHcrb pasflijiHJiij cbod 
3eMJii) na xpn HacxH: caMaa (SojibmaH noAi* nmeHimy, y^acxoR-b 
HOMeHbine nofli* 6o6h, a xpexift ynacxoR'b nojii* RJienepTb, xaRX 
RaR-b Hejib3H ace Chjio saCHBaxb , Moppyxa" — cxapofi jnoQimoU 
Jioma^eHRH. 

Ob pa^ocxHHM'b BOjmenieM'b, xohho ORHnaa^'b Kopa6jiH, ro- 
TopHfl nocjit xpyAHaro MopcRoro njiananbH BH^inrb nepeA^b 
<5o6oK) raBaHb — npHH^Jiacb 3a noc'bB'b Bca coMba. Tenepb 6y- 



166 pyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

Ayu^HOCTb iirB o6e3ne^eHa: TaRaa aeifJiH He uom&rb oCManyTb 
H flacPb HM'b xji'h6'h Ha eecb Tom>. 

Be^epoM-L, Ko^^a kohhhjich noctB-b, ohh yBH^ijiH na 6jih«- 
Heft TponHHR* cTAjio 0Bei^T>, KOTopoe, Ao^jxsi AO Kpan noJiH, Hcny- 

raHHO OCTaHOBHJIOCb. 

3a cxaAOMT. nieji'b crapHKTb ci> no»cejirfeBmHMi>, tohho nep- 
raifeHTHHifb jihi^oio>, cb rjiasaMH, npoBajiHBinnMHCfl wh tjij6o- 
Kin BnaOTHH, H pTOM-b, oKpyHceHHHM'b BtHKOiirb MopmnHTj. Ohtb 
nieji'b MeAJieHHUMH, ho TBepAUMH maraMH, BHCTaBUB'b BnepeA'b 
nocox'b, KaKT* 6h HaimynHBaa HM-b flopory. 

Boa ceMbfl CMorp'&Jia npncrajibHO na Hero: oh^ 6ujrh ejjjaE- 
CTBeHHHft ^ejioB'bK'b, piraHBiniflcH, btj xe^enie AByx-b He^'fejib, 

KOTOpHH OHH BA^Cb HpO^KHJIH, HOAOHTH Kh HXT> seMJlt. SaM*- 
THBl, HTO OBI^H erO OCTaHOBHJIHCb, CTapHKTb KpHKHyJI^b Ha HnXTi, 

^to6h OHH mjiH BnepeAX. 

BaTHCTb BHineji-b HaBCTpi^iy A'^Ay- HejibSH npoxoAHTb 
SA'fecb — nojle Tenepb Bcnaxano... 

Mto-to laKoe cjiLimaji'b jxhjxh ToM6a, ho nocjiiziHia AB'fe 
uejifkjm nacb cteao na AaJieROMi^ nacxCHii];^ h Majio saCoTHJicH 
oCi) dTHxi) nojiax'b... Sna^iHT'b, ohh A'b^cTBHTejibHO BOBA'i^aHH 
Tenepb? 

H cTapHft nacTyx'b BHTarHBaji'b mem, cxapa^cb, KaKi> 
MOHCHo Jiy^me paarji^A'^Tb yracniHMH rjiasaMH CM^jibnaKa, 
AepBHyBmaro ocymecTBHTb to, hto bch oKpyra CHHxaJia ne- 
BOBMoacHHM'b. OH'b AOJiro MOJiHaji'b H, HaKOHeniTi, rpycTHo cxajrb 
6opMOTaTb: onenb bxo nexopomo... Bib MOJioaocxH h oht* 6ujrb 
TaK*b me CM'feji'b, h eMy HpaBHJiocb hoth npoxaBi Bctx^. Ho ecjiH 
BparoB'b xaK'b MHoro... O'leHb 9to Hexopomo: BaTHCTi> nocraBHJTb 
ce6H B'b oHCHb xHSKejioe nojioacenie. Bxa bbmjih npoKJiaxa nocjrb 
AHAH Bappexa, — h nycxb oht> noBipHxib eMy, lejiOB'bKy cxapoMy 
H OHHTHOMy — OHB npHHeccTTb CMy HecHBCxie. 

H, oxo3BaBT> cBoe cxaAo, nacTyx'b nornaJTb ero no Apyrofl ao- 
por'b, HO npe»«Ae H'bM'b yAajiHXbCH, oxKHHyjTb CBOtt n,iiam'b h, 
noAHHB'b BBepxi) HcxyAaJiHH pyKH, gt> HHXoHai^ieft KyAecHHKa, 
npeACKaBHBaromaro CyAymnocxb, hjih sue npopoKa, npeAB*- 
maiomaro rope, — KpHKnyji'b BaxHCTy: 

— B'fepb MH'b, CHH'b Moft — BeMJia 9Ta npHHecerb xefii ne- 
c^acTie! 

BcTpi^^a CTb nacryxoM'b oRasajiacb Jinnib hobhmi> hoboaomi^ 
AJiH HeroAOBaeia Bcero cejia. 

Tenepb ahjih ToM6a nocjit AecHTHJiiTHHro MHpnaro nojib- 
BOBaHia nacrOnmeM'b ne Mor'b yme BHrnaTb cBOHX'b 0Beu,T> na 
BanymeHHoe nojie. 

OROHHHB'b noc'bB'by BaxHCTb H ero ceMba npHHHJiHCb sa 
HcnpaBJieme Aona. 

CojioMeHHyK) Rptimy ohh noAHajiH h BHnpaMHJiH, noAnpa- 



npoKJiHTOE noJiB. 167 

BHJIH H BMCijinJIH CltHH, BHKpaCH.Iin HOByiO flBepb H OKHa 

roJiy6ott KpacKOtt; npopafioTaBTb He^'fejii), ohhcthjih KOJio^ei^'b 
orb KaMHefi h aewjiH, HaCpocaHHHX'b ry^a Majib^HiUKaMH bt> 
Teieeie jxeomR ji'bT'B, h Boporb KOJioaqa cHosa HaKa^HBaJTb 

HHCTyiO H CBtWCyiO BOAV. 

Ci> fieB-viojiBaHMt OtmeHCTBOMt cji'b;tHJiH coc'b;^H, KaKT> 
HcnpaBJiflJiach jia^yra jxhjxe. BappeTa. 9to hmt* Kaaajiocb bh- 

aOBOM'b H H3A'feBaTeJIbCTB0MT>. 

3a ziBa Mtciiqa BaxHcrb Bcero jiainb nHTb-iuecTb pa3T> 
BHinejTb Hs-b CBoero yqacTKa. OH'b st^HO Konajicn y ce(5a 
3a paCoToft, KOTopafl to^ho onb^Hajia ero, — h Jia^yra 
B-ippeia HMtjia lenepb xaKott BecejiHft h KOKeTJiHBbrft 
BHAT*, KaKoro He anajia HHKorAa npn npcHcaeM'b BJia- 
A'feJibi^'fe. 

JJfiOYb, oOHeceHHHf! paebme jinrab crHHBmnM'B HacTOKOjioMi>, 
6ujrh OKpyateH-B Tenepb 3a6opoMT>, BHfttJieHHHM'b G'hjioHL 
KpacKoft. Ha njiomaaK'b nepeA'b oKHaMF i^B^Jia rBosAHKa h 
BHJiHCb nojiay^iji pacTenifl; pfTA^ pasOHTHX'b ropmKOB'b, BUKpa- 
meHHHX'b BTE> rojiy6oft i^B'trb, cJijTKUJVh yKparaeHieM-b cKaMeflKH 
H3i> KpacHaro KHpnHHa, a bt> otkphtvk) ABepb mohcho Chjio 
paacMOTp'feTb hobh« ro.^ySuH nOtHKBr, Ha KOTopHX'b 6hjih paa- 
crasjieHH KyBraHHH, noKptiTHe Bejienofl rjiasypbio. 

B^b BoapacTaioiueM'B HeroAOBama, hohth Bce ceJio nepe6HBaJio 
y IlHMeHTo. Hto AyMaexT* npeAnpHHHTb yAajioft cynpyrb EeneTu? 

IlHMeHTo nonecHBaji'b jio6t>, BHCJiymHBaii ci^ H'bKOTopHM'b 
CMyin;eeleMT> cbohxt> OAHOcejibHaHi>. 

Mto OH'b AyMaerb npeAnpHHHTb? — Oht. HaMipemr cKaaaTb 
ABE cjiOBe^Ka Hero;iaio-npHniJieiiy, KOTopHft CTaJi'b oOpafiaxH- 
BaTb He npHHaAJie^caii^H eMy seMJiH. Onb ch khmtj noroBopHTb 
cepbesHo, nocoBtTyerb ne 6HTb AypaKOMi* h yOpaibca no'Ao- 
6py, no BAopoBy B'b cbod cropoHy, xaK'b KaKTb xyrb eMy ne- 
^ero zribjiaTb. Ho BTorb ABHB0Jn> He BHxoAHTb co CBoero hojih, 
a HATH KT> HOMy Ha jiowh cTb yrpoBaMH He cji^aj eii), B'b BHJty 
Toro, ^TO Moacerb bhocji^actbIh cjiyHHTbCH... Ha/io Ghtb octo- 
poacHHMT, H noAKapayjiHTb ero, KorAa OH'b BHftAex'b HS'b 
Aoiiy. Cjiobomt*, naAoCno eniie neMHoro aanacTHCb xepn'b- 
HieiTb. Ez^HCTBeHHoe, hto ohtj Mo^erb xenepb ace yxBepacAaTb, 
aro — HTO npnmjieq'b ne cofieperb hh iiineHHU[H, hh CoGobt*, 
hh Bcero Toro, hto OH'b nocbaji'b h nocaAHJiT) na nojiax'b a^ah 
Bappexa. Bce axo no^AexT> K'b ^opxy. 

CjiOBa OHMeHTo ycnoKOHJiH ero OAHocejib^aHb, BHHMaxejibHo 
cji'bAHBniHX'b 3a A'bHxejrbHocxbio HenaBHCXHofl ceMbH. 

OAHajKAH Be^epoM^b BaxHCTb BOBBpamajicH HB'b BaJienciH, 
o^eHb AOBOJibHHtt peByjibxaxoM^b CBoero nyxeinecxBin. OH'b 
He mejiBJUh HM'feTb y ceOn B'b aom* fiesnojiesHHX'b pyK'b. 
KorAa cxapmift MajibHHK'b, BaxHcxerb, He paCoiaji-b B'b 






168 PyCCKOJB BOrA.TCTBO. 

nojrfe — y Hero naxoAHJiocB apyroe saHflTie: oh'b ornpaBjiajicH 
B^B ropoATb 3a HaBOBOM'B. OcTaBaJiacb aohb, Pocexa, KOTopoft 
nocji'fe AOMamHefi y6opKH, y»e ne^ero Ohjio A'tJiaib. Bjia- 
roAapj] npoTCRuiH cuHOBeK AOHa CajibBa^opa, KaKi* nejihSA 
Cojite flOBOJiBHux'L HOBHM'B CBOHM-B apeHAaxopoMB— BaTHCTy 
TOJibKO ^To yAajiocb npncrpoHTb flo^b na mejiKonpaAHJibHyE) 
(j[)a6pHRy. 

HeflajieKo otb TpaKTHpa „4apKa*, BaTHcx-b yBHA'feJi'b, ^to 
HejiOB'bK'b) BHineAniiti jil3T> 6jiifHca^inaro TpocTHHKa^ MeA^neHHo 
HanpasjiaeTca ROb HCMy. 

BaTHCTB OCTaHOBHJICH, MHCJICHHO COSHSJrhA TOM'b, HTO y 

Hero npH cefii wbrh hh noma, hh cepna. OAHaKo, c-b BHAy 

OH'B RasaJICff HeB08&[yTHMUMT> H CnORO^HUM'b, H, BUCORO HOA" 

HflB-B Rpyrjiyio rojiOBy cb rbM'B BJiacTHHM'B BHpamemeM'B bx 
jiHi^t, ROToparo TaRB 6oajiacb ero ceMba, ohi* CRpecTHjn> na 
rpyAH CBOH MycRyjiHCTHH pyRH. 

BaiHcrb BHajiB nnymaro HaBCTpi^y ^ejioBtRa, xoth hh- 

ROrAa He rOBOpHJI-B cb EHWb — 9T0 ChJI'B ElHMeHTO. 

HaRonei^'B, cocToajiacb xa Bcxp'bia, Roiopofl oh'b xaRB 
6oflJica. 

JJepeBeHCRil! yAajiei^T> HBM'fepnji'B BsrjiaAOM'B HenaBHCXHaro 
HeanaROMi^a, Bxepniaroca bi* cejio, h aaroBopnji'b cb hhm-b mhf- 
KRWb rojiocoMB, cxapaacb npHAaxb yrpoaaMB bhai* AofipoAym- 
Haro coBixa. 

Oh'b Hcejiaji'B 6h OMy cRasaxb ABa cjiOBa, AaBHo y^e ^e- 
JiajiB, HO RaRB ace 6hjio CRaaaxb, ecjiH coc'feA'B HHKorAa ho bh- 
xoAHxi> CO CBoero nojia? 

— JSfiSL cjiOBCHRa, H 6oJibme HH^ero. 

H owb cRaaaji'B bxh ABa cjioae^Ra, coB'txyn, RaRB MoacHo 
cRop'fee, oxRaaaxbCfl ox'b bcmjih a«AH Bappexa. Owh aojukohb 
nocjiymaxbca coB-bxa JiioAel!, RoxopLie mejiaroxB eny jiHinb Ao6pa. 
Ero npncyxcxBie xyx'b — ocKop6jieHie jiJisi Bcero cejia, a no^HHRa 
AOMa — H'fe^xo BpoA* yrpoBH. 

BaxHcx'B HpoHH^ecRH yjiH6ajica, cjiymaa IlHMeflxo, RoxopHfi, 
noBHAHMOMy, 6h[JI'b CMyniieH'B xjiaAHORposieMB npoxHBHHRa h 
nopaaceHB x'feM'B, hxo namejica HejioB'bR'B, RoxopHfi ne Hcnti- 
XHBaexB nepcA'B hhmb cxpaxa. 

y^xH oxcioAa — H'bxB xoro roJiOBopiaa, KOxopHft mofb 6h 
npHHyAHXb BaxHcxa bxo cA'feJiaxb, npHHyAHXb ero CpocHXb to, ^xo 
eny npHHaAJieacHX'b, h hxo hojihxo xpyAOBHM'B ero noxoMi*. Ohb, 
npaBAa, ^ejioB&R'b mhpojiioChbhJ}, ho ccjih npHcxanyxB Kh neny, 
oH'b cyM-feeTb, He xyme Apyroro, nocxoaxb aa ceOn. Ilycxb ace 

BCaRif! BaHHMaeXCH CBOHMT) JjfbJlOU'h M OCXaBHXI> APyi'HX'b B'B 

noKO'b. 

H, npoftAH MHMO saOiHRH, oh'b npoAOJimajiB cbo^ nyxB, cb 
npeHefipeaceHieM'B noBepHvimiHCB cnnHoft. 



k 



nPOKJiflTOB nojiB. 169 

m 

IlHMeHTo, npHBHKinifl, hto6h Bce cejio Tpeneiajio nepe^'B 
HHMT>, npH BHA'i xjiaj^HORpoBla BaTHcra Tep^JiCH 6ojrhe h Ooji'be. 

— 9to iiocjiiAHee same cjiobo? — KpHEcnyji'b oirb eny 
BCJit^'B, KorAa TOTb oToinejn> yace na H'feKoropoe paacroHHie. 

— ^a, nocJiiAHee!— oTB'bTHJi'b BaTHCTB, ne oCopa^HBaacL. 
H oHt nomeJTb Bnepe^'B, Hcneaaa sa noBopoTOMt Aoporn. 

BAajiH, B'b crapo^ Jianyrb a^AH Bappexa, sajianjia co6aRa, 
noiyHBi> npHCjiH^Reflde cBoero rocnoAnna. 

KoFAa IlHMeHTo ocTajicH oanwhy K^b Heny BHOBb Bepnyjocb 
ero BucoKOM'bpie. Incyce XpHCTe!.. Khwb sue HacM'^ji&a HaAT> 
HHifB 8TorB npHHiJiei^Tb!.. Ckbosl 3y6H npofiopMOTaJi'b owb wh- 
cROJihRO npoKJiiiTU) B, cmsB'b KyjiSiKh, yrpo»caK)iii;e noTp^CB 
liwb no HanpaBJieniio Toro noBopoTa AoporH, na ROTopoM'b hc- 
^ea^h BaTHcrB. 

— Th uwh sanJiaTHinb sa aio, BanjiaTHinb, HeroAH^I 

H wb ero rojioct, ApomaincMTb orb CtmeHCTBa, BBy^ajia 
KSiRb 6h HeHaBHCTb Bcero cejia. 



IV. 
Bhjtb HOTBeprTb, h, no oCH^aio, c^HTaBmeMy sa co6oi hhtb 

BtKOBl>, Bl) BaJieHCiH, 6jIE31> BOpOTB XpaMa, HaBHBaeMHX'b 

BopoTaMH AnocTOJiOB'b, AOJiatHO 6hjio cocToaTbCH cjjx6um,e 

BoA'b. 

HacH ropoACKOfi 6amHH noRasHBajiH Oojrbe Aec^TH ^acoBi) 
yxpa, H sRwiejiK cejia coCnpaJiHCb SA'fecb, ctoh KyiRaMH hjih me 
yctBinHCb BORpyrb cyxoro ()accefiHa, yRpamaBmaro njiomaAb, 
o6pa3yfl Kpyrowb nero acHByio riipjiHHAy HS'b 6'bjiHX'b h ro- 
JiyCHXij njiamefl, RpacHHX'b h acejiTHX'b njiaxROB'b h necTpnx'b 

CHTACBHX'b roCoiiTj. 

H-feROTopHe KpecTbaHe aBjiajincb cioAa cb RopBHHaMH, Ha- 

nOJIHeHHHMH HaBOBOMli, ROTOpH^ OHH coCflpajiH Ha yjiHniax'B 

ropoAa, Apyrie npitaacajiH bi> uycuhLTh Tejitrax-b, ynpocHBi* 

nOJfflI^eftCRHXT> ilOBBOJIHTb HM'b OCTaTLCH BA'feCb. IIORa CTapHRH 

paaroBapHBajiii cb menmHHaMH, MOJiOAe^b, hto6h y6HTb BpcMH, 
mjia B-b OjiHHcaMmi^ TpaRTflpi) h cHA'bJia TB,wb aa pioMKot! 
BOAKH, noRypHBaa RonieHHHH cnrapH. 

TRwrejm cejia, cHHTaBoiie cefia oCh^kchehmh h HCRaBime 
npaBocynifl, 6hjih Boii yate BA'fecb; ohh acecTHRyjiHpoBajiiT, cii 
HaxMypeHHHMH jmi^awH, h roBopHjm o CBOHX-b npaBaxi, nerep- 
ntjiHBo osKHAan CHHAHROB-b HJIH „cyAeft ceMH RanajiOBT,", ^rro6H 
HBjiiiTb nepeA'b hhmh HecROHiaeMHK hotorT) majioO-b. 

AjibrBacHJi'B (npHCTaB'B) axoro cyAHJiHinja, npoCHBmift npn 

HCM^ OoJlte naTHAOCHTH JltTB, yCTasaBJIHBajI'B B-B T^HH CTpi^JIb- 

^aTaro noprajia coOopa o6niHpflHll AHBaH'B c^b ciapofl me.nROBo0[ 



L 



170 pyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

oCHBKOft H HHBeHbKyio ptmeTKy, oTA'feJi^Brayio BHyTpeHHee npo- 
CTpaHCTBO, ;ioJi«ceHCTBOBaBinee HBoOpaHcaTb aajiy cy^a. 

BopoTa AnocTOJioB'b, — CTapue, noOyp'bBinie ot-b BpeMeHH, 
noOToneeHHe B^KaMH — BHCxaBJiHJiH na cojiaeHHUlt CB'bTT> cBoe 
noJiHHHBinee BejiHKOJi'bnie, cocTaB-naii noflxo^Hmiflt ^owb ajia 
9Toro flpeBHflro cyziHJiHma — y^peMCAenia, uM^Bmaro aa coOoft 

I^tjIHX'b nflTb B'feKOB'b. 

Fjinjisi Ha MHoro^HcjieHHHH noBpeacAeniH btj BopoTaxt Ano- 
cTOJioB'b, He TpyAHo Chjio AoraflaThca, hto sfltcb CyineBajio 
KorAa-To BOBCTaaie. Okojio eToro BAaniH co6pajiocb h CMlbraajiocb 
i^'fejToe HaceJieHie ropoAa, BA^cb pasAaBajica b'b CHJine B-feKa 
AepsKiU H 6'hmeEuti rojiocb MaxeacHHX'b chhob'b BajieHcin, h 
HsyB-feHeHHHe h ciepTHe, KaK-b ernneTCKia MyMiH, 6apejibe(|)H 
CBiiTHXT. Ha BopoTax'b xpaMa, noAHUB'b n't He6y pasOHTHa cboh 
rojioBH, Kasajiocb, eme npHCJiyniHBa.7iHCb k^l peBOJiiouioHHOMy 

BBOHy KOJIOKOJIOB'b ,CoK)3a" HJIH Kb pyMCefiHHM'b BHCTp'fejiaM'b 

HHcypreHTOB'b. 

AjibrBacHJi'b, npHBCAa B'b nopaAOK'b MicTo cyA^Hniia, BCTajTb 
y BXOAa p'femeTKH, OH«HAaa cvAeit. 

TopJKecTBeHHo npnOjiHmaJiHCb »th GoraTtie seujieji'hjihjj,u, — 
B'b ^epAHX-b OA'baHiax'b, B'b d-fejiHXT) fianiMaKax'b, cb roJioeaMH, 
o6BH3aHHHMH meJiKOBHMH DJiaTKaMH. 3a Ka^KAHM'b HB'b cyAeft 
mJia cBHTa hbt* HaA3HpaTejiefl KaHaJiOBi) h npocnrejiel!, KOTopHe 
eniie ao cyAa CTapajiHCb pacnoJiomHTb cyAefi B'b cbok) nojibBy. 

KpeCTbHHe CTHOCHJIHCb Cb 60JIbmHM'b yBaHCeHieMI> K'b9THMT> 

cyAbflM-b, BHfipaHHHM'b HB'b Hx^b me cpeAw; na npnroBop'b 
He 6hjio HHKaKOtt anejiJian;iH. Ohh (5hjih xoaaeBa BoA'b h 
AepHcajiH B'b pyKaxT) acHBHb i^tjiHX'b ceMeft — opomeHie no- 
jiett, CBoeBpeMeHHyK> HX'b noJiHBKy, neAOCTaTOK'b KOTopoft ry- 
CHTb HcaTBy. H oCHraTeJiH oSmnpHOfi aojihhm, paaA^JieHHOft 
P'feKOli Ha AB'fe nacTH, HaatiBajiH cBOHX-b cyAeit no HMeHaM-B T'bx'b 
ceMH KanajioB-b, saB'feAHBaTb KOToptiMH ohh 6h.]ih nociaBJienH. 

Cy AbH, noBAopoBaBHiHCb Jiipyrb ch iipyroM-b, KaKT> jiioah, ne 
RHAtBHiieca B'b Te^enie HCAiJiH, roBopnjiH, cToa y ABepefl co- 
6opa, CBOHXT) A'feJiax'b. 

B'b oAHHHaAuaxb cb hojioshhoh) ^acoB'b, — no oKOH^aniH 
noBAHel! 06'feAHH, KorAa yme hhkto ne BHXOAHJi-b Hgfb coOopa, 
aa HCKJiro^eHieM'b KaKoli-HH6yAb aanoBAaBmefl ciapyxH — na^a- 
jiocb cyAOnniie. 

Bcfe ceMb cyAefi ycfejincb phaomt> na cxapoM'b AHBani ci> 
mejiKOBOfi o6HBKOfl, CHajiH nuinnH, hojioskhjih pvKH Ha KOjrbHH^ 
onycTHJiH rjiaaa B'b bbmjik) — h CTap'bfiniiflt HS^b hhx'b npoHsnecb 
o6HqHyH) (|)pa3y: 

— CyATB OTEpLIT-b. 

nojiHtamaa THmnna KpyroM^b. Xpaea 6jiaroroB'fel!Hoe moji- 
qame, Bca Tojina CToajia na oTKpHTOtt ujioniiaAH, KaKTb B'b xpaM'b. 



QPOEJiaTOE nOJIB. 171 

OryK'B 8KHnaMcefl, iazia kohokx, secb myMT> h rpoxoTB cospe- 
MCHHOfi «H3HH npoxoAHJit MEMO aioro jipeBHJiro y^pesKfleHifl, 
He KocHysraHCb ero h He Bonuya, h oho npoAOJi^cajio flttl- 
cTBOBaTb Bfltcb, He^yBCTBHTejibHoe KO BpevieHH, He oOpamaa 
BHHMaHisr Ha paAHRajibHHH nepeM^HH bi> ORpy^aioni;eM'B m^% 
HecnocoCHoe K'b KaKOfi 6h to hh 6hjio pe(|)opM'fe. 

KpeCTb^HO ropflHJIHCb CBOHM'B Cy^OMt. 3tO-TO BOTb H 3Ha- 

^HTb TBopHTb cyAi>: K'B HaKaaaHiK) npHroBapHBaioTTb paaoMi, 
He MapaH OyMar'b, rotophmh, RaR'B nsB'i^GTHo, h yjiOBJiaiorb b'b 

CtTH ^eCTHHX'b JllOflefl. 

OxcyTCTBie rep6oBofl OyMarn 6ojiie scero HpaBHJiocb Kpecxba- 
EBLWh. He 6uJio B.i'fecb HH ceKpeTapH, hh nepbeB^, ne nano 6hjio 
npoBOflHTb nojiHHH TpeBorH AHH B'b osKHAaHiH npHFOBopa, — He 
6ujio H HaBOAHineft yncacb noJiiiqefiCKOfi crpaacH, He Chjio 

HH^erO, KpOMli CJIOBIj. 

CyJ^bH, xpaHfl^B'b naMHTH noRaaaniH, HspeRajiw CBofl npnro- 

BOp'b Cb CnOROflCTBieM'b JIK)Aefl, yBtpeHHHX'b B'b T0MT>, ^TO HX'b 

pifenieHiH 6y;iyTT> npHBe^ieHH B'b HcnojiHeHie. Ecjih rto-hh- 
6yAb j^epwajicH na cya* aepsRo, ero npncymiiajiH K'b niTpa(|)y, — 
ecjiH ^e kto-jih6o oTRaatiBajica noA^HHHTbCH npnroBopy cyae^, 
y Hero nancerAa oTHHMajiH Bo^y, h oh'b nonifiaji'b. C'b aTHM-b 
naipiapxajibHHM'b cyziOM'b HOJibBH 6ujio myiHTb. 

Hapofl'b, 6MBfflift Ha n.TioiuaAH— MyHCHHHN, ^KenmnHH ii fl'bTH — 
He acejiaa Tepnib hh eAHHaro cjioBa, TaR-b rfecHH-Jincb K'b p-b- 
meiK-fe, HTo Hyxb He saAHxajiHCb. OfiBHHHieJiH jKe h o6BHHHe- 
Maro BBOAHJiH no Ty cropony pismeTKH, fa* CTOHji'b AHBaHTi, 
CTOJib ace ApeBHifl, KaKi h caMo y^pemAenie. 

AjibrBacHjTb oTOnpaji'b y BBeAenHHX'b sa p'bnieTKy najiKH 
H TpocTH, CHHTaa BTH HpeAMCTH HO cooTB'bTCTByiouj;HMH yBaHce- 
HiK) K'b cyAy, — H sarhMT*, npoTajiKHBan HX'b BnepeA'b, CTaBHJib 
BT* HfecKOJibKHXT* marax'b oTb cyAeft, (yh nJiamaMH, cjioHceHHHMH 
y HHX'b Ha pyKaxT). Ecjjh ace kto-jih6o 3a6HB8jn> CHiiTb mauRy, 
ajibrBacHJi'b MHroM'b cpHBajTb ee y Hero cb rojioBH — B'hjxh 
CTh TaKHMH oJiyxaMH, roBopHJi'b oH'b, He«ifc3a me oOpan^aTbca 
HHa^e. 

IlepeAT* cyAbHMH BCTasajTb q'bjibrtt pHAt cJioacHHX'b Bonpo- 
coB'b, KOTopHe OHH pfemanH cTb nopasHTejibHofl fiHCXpOTOfl. 

Ciopoaca KanajioBi) h amandadopu, t. e. Th, na oCHsaHHocTH 
KOToptix'b Jieatajio pacnpeA'bJiHTb onepeAb h HacH opomema 
nojiefi, HBJiarajiH CBOH o6BHHeHia, a oCBHHaeMOMy upeAOTaBJia- 
aocb san^HH^aTbca orb BSBeAenHaro na Hero ofiBHHenia. CrapHKH 
nepeAaBajiH cbok) aan^Hxy CHHOBbaM'b, OoJiiie aneprH^HO nyM'feJio 
BJIaJ^•bBmHM•b cjioBOM'b, — BAOBa aBJiajiacb B'b conpoBoacAeniH 
KaKoro-HH6yAB Apyra noKofiHaro Myaca, KOxopHfi Spaji'b na 
ceSa BamHxy ea HHxepecoB'b- 

Cjiyniaa BSBOAHMua na Hero oCBKHenia, oOBHnaeMHfl nacxo 



172 pyOOKOB BOriTOTBO. 

He MOPB cuepmaTbCH: „8to jiomcb! 9to rnycHo — TyTB hbwdlHL 
aaroBop'b!*' 

Ho ceMepo cyaeK Bcip'i^HajiH noAoOHHe nepepuBu CBHpt- 
nHMH BsrjifliiaMH. Hhrto ne iswheTh npaBa roBOpHTB, nona He 
HacTynHTTb ero onepeAb; aa cji'hjiyDiJxill nepeptiB'B npHAeica 
nJiaTHTb inTpa(|)i>. H HaxoAHJincb ynp^MiiH, KOTopue njiaTHJiH 
mrpatl)!! 8a inTpa(|)OM'b, yBJieKaeiiHe cTpacTHHMT> OtmeHCTBOM'B, 
He nodBOjiH6innMi> nnfb MOJiiaTb nepe^'b o6BHHHTeJieM'b. 

He noRHAaa CBoero AHBana, cyAbH, cOjihshbi* fojiobh, nt- 
cKOJibKo ceKyHAi* meinyTca MeJKAy coOoio, h Barhwh cxapM- 

miJ^ CnOROfiHHM'b H TOpmeCTBeHHHM'b rOJIOCOM'b npOHdHOCHTB 

npHroBopi. 

Bhjio y»ce 6oji'fee nojiyAHa, h ceMepo cyjxeti ciajiH yate 
yTOMJiaTboa oOnjibHHM'b noTOKOM'b CBoero npaBocyflia, Ko^;^a 
ajibrBacHJi'b rpoMKHM'b tojiocomij BHSBajiTj BaTHCTa Bopyjifl, 06- 
BHH^eMaro bI) Hapymenin npasHJiii opomeniH nojiei^. 

3a pimeTKy 6ujih BBe^eHu HnMeHTO h BaTHcrb, h cjiyma- 
TeJiH-KpecTbjiHe, cTo^Bmie na njioma^H, cTajiH eme Thcnte 
npHHCHMaibca K'b pimeTKi. Cpe^H Hnx-b mojkho 6hjio pasrjia- 

A^Tb MHOrHXlj H3'b ^HBIHHX'b B^b OjIHJKafimeM'b COCfeACTB* Cb 

npe^tHHMH noJi^MH Bappeia. 

JltJio 9T0 B036yatflajio HHrepecb. HnMeHTO — aTaH^aAopb 
CBoero y^acTKa — ofiBHHaji'b BToprmaroca K'b HHM'b Hena- 
BHCTHaro npHraejibUia. 

BaTHCTb 6ujrb B3B0JiH0BaH'b HecnpaBeAJiHBHM'b o6BHHeHieBrb. 
Owb nofiJi'feAH'feji'b OT'b HeroAOBanifl h c^l 6'feineHCTBOM'b CMOxp'feji'b 
na BCJb 9TH BHaROMHH eMy Jini^a, na Bci^xi* ainx'b JiDAe]^, kg- 
TopHe, HacMixaacb Ham> HHM'b, TfecHHJiHCb y ptmeTKH, H Ha 
Bpara CBoero HnMeHTo, Koroptili pasBasHo nepeBaJiHBajica (yb 

HOrH Ha HOry, KSlKL ^ejIOB'feK'b, KOIOpHfi npHBHK'b HBJIHTbCH B'b 

cyA'b H KOTopoMy 6buia npHCBoena neCojibmaa AOJia cTojib ne- 
ocnopHMaro aBTopHTeia. 

— Bama o^epe^b roBopnib, — cKasaji-b, oCpamiaacb K'b Hh- 
MeHTo, cTapmifi HS'b cyae^, BHCxaBHB'b B'b to me BpeMa no 
HanpaBJieHiro K'b neMy cbod Hory, laK-b KaK'b, no B-feKOBOMy 
oOH^aio, cyAbH 8th, BM'fecTO Toro, ^Tofiu yKasHBaib pyKoft, yKa 
BHBajiH o6yTofl B'b O-bjiyio caHflajiiio Horoli. 
• HHMeHTO npncTynHJi'b K'b CBOOMy oOBHHeHiro. Borb aTOT-b 

HeJIOB'feK'b, CTO^mia Cb HHM'b pH;^OM'b, — 6HTb MOHCeTb, HOTOMy, 

HTO oH-b HeflaBHo jiHmb npnCHJi-b B'b cejio, — ^yMaJi'b, B'bpoHTHO, 
^rro pasfla^a boah Jinmb myTKa, h ^to owl B'b npaB-fe ji.'hjiaub 
Bce, ^To eMy yroAHo. 

On-b, HHMeHTO, amandadoj^%^ Haana^HJrb BaTHCTy ^acb n^si 

nOJIHBKH, — HMCHHO ABa Haca HOHH, — HO, B'fepoaTHO, ceHbop'b 

9Torb, He mejian BCTaBaTb TaK'b pano, nponycTHJi'b cbok) o^e- 
peAb H JiHnib B'b naTb ^acoB'b yTpa, KorAa nojiHBKa npHHaAJie- 



OPORJIJITOB no JIB. 173 

«ajia ;^pyroMy, — noAHflB"b Oes-B Bc^Karo nosBOjieHia nunos'B 
(nepBHfi npocTynoK'b), yKpa^rs BOAy y cbohxx coctflefl (sTopoft 
npocrynoKT)) h HaMtpeBajica nojizTb cBoe nojie, conpoTHSJiaacb 
CHJIO]^ npHKaaaHiK) aTaej^a^jopa, — hto cocTaBJiflerb rperifi h 
nocjiiflHifl ero npocTynoKi,. 

TpHKpaTHHft npeorynHHK'b, to KpacrtBmifl, to 6jAjI' 
H*6Bmi^, BOBMyn^eHHH^ cjiOBaMH IlnMeHTO, He Morb cjiep- 
:KB,Thca. 

— JIo«b, H Tpnacmi jioHCb!— BocKJiHKHyjn> oe-b. 

CyAbH B03MyTfljiHCb HOAocTaTKOM'b noHTHTejibHOCTH Kb cyjs^ 
H BHepriefl, cb KOTopofl npoTOCTOBajTb 8Torb ^anoB'feK'b. 

EcjiH Offb He BaMOJiHHT^, ero onrTpa(|)yK)rb. Ho KaKoe 6hjio 
ffbjio no mrpa^OBi 8T0My MHpojiroenBOMy ^eJioBtKy, paaroptB- 
meMyca rn'bBOM'b? Owb npoAOJiJKajTb npoTecTOBaTb npoTHBi 
HecnpaBeAiiiHBocTH jidacro^ h npoTHB'b cyAa, cjiyacHTejieM'b 
KOToparo MOMcerb 6nTb TaKofi njiyrb h o6MaHinHK'b, KaK'b IIh- 

MeHTO. 

CyflTi BBBOJiHOBajicH, — Bcfe ccMb cy^eft npzmjiH B'b nero- 
AOBanie. 

— CopoK'b ceHTHMOB-b mTpa(|)a. 

JlflBii ce6t OTqerb B'b cboomi* nojioHceHin, BaTHcrb aaMOJi- 
HajTb, HcnyraBfflHCb, hto ero eme omTpa(|)yrorb, uemjiyThwb 
KaK'b B'b uy6jiviKh pa3:tajicH CM'bx'b n rpoMRie paAOCTHHe bob- 
rjiacH BparoBi). 

Offb cTOHJTb HenoABH«HO, Cb onymoHHofi rojioBOft H rjia- 
3aMn, HanojiHeHHHMH cjiesaMU apocTH, B'b to BpeMJi KaK'b 
IlHMeHTo OKaHiHBaji'b HBJiaraTb cBoe o6BHHeHie. 

— Bama onepe^b roBopHXb, — oOpaTHjica sarfeMTb cyAi* Kb 
BaTHCTy. Ho bo Bsopax'b cyAefl JierKO 6hjio nponecTb, KaK'b 
Majio OHH HyBCTByiDTb CHMnaTiH K'b HejioBtKy, CBOHMi) npoTe- 
CTOM'b npepBaBmeMy TopsKecTBeHHoe Teneaie cyAOnma. 

BaTHCTb 3aroBopnji'b, ApoHca orb rErbsa, BaHKancb, He SHan, 
QTb Hero Ha^aTb cboid samiHTy, HMeHHo noTOBiy, hto c^nraji'b 
ce6H, KaK'b Hejibdfl 6ojr&e, npaBUM'b. 

Ohb OHJTb o6MaHyTT>. OHMeHTO oOManmHK'b H BaKJiflTHfi ero 
Bparb. OH'b roBopHJi'b eny, hto ero onepoAB B'b naTb nacoB'b 
yTpa, a Tenepb yTsepxtAaeTb, 6yAT0 cKaBajrb, hto B'b Asa 
Haca HOHH — Bce oto jmnib ji^Jia Toro, hto6h ero BHMCHTb, hto6h 
nory6HTb ero ypoatafl, orb KOToparo saBHcnrb atH3Hb Bceft ero 
ceMbH. Hnterb jih BHaneHie cjiobo ^ecTHaro ^eJioBtKa AJia 
cyAa? Bce CRaBaHHoe Hifb-v-OAHa HHCTan npaBAa, xota ohi> h ne 
MoaccTb npoACTaBHTb CBHAtTOJieft. He MOMcerb 6HTb, htoOh 
ceHbopH-cyAbH, CTOJib xopomie jidah, noBtpHJiH TaKony njiyry, 

KaRi» IlHMeHTo! 

BtjiaA caHAaJiia npeAcbAftTejia cyjia BaABHrajiacb no na- 
npaBJiemiD K'b roBopHBmeMy, h ohi> cKasajTb: ^aaMOJinnTe**. 



174 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

H BaTHCTB SaMOJIHOJI'b Bl TO BpetfH, RaRl* CeMHFOJIOBHM 

cyjxh, OTKJiOHHBinHCb Ha ^iHBaffB, nxeTiTajica, noAroTOBJiaa npn- 
roBopt. 

— CyflT* npHcyxcAaerL... — npoMOJiBHJiij CTaptJamifl h8i> cyjiefl 
H KpyroMt Bo^BopHJiocb rjiy6oKoe MOJi^anie. 

y Bchiii, TtcBHBmHXCH 8a ptmeTKOtt, MOHCHO 6hjio npo- 
necTb B-b rjiaaaxt flteOTopyro Tpeeory, tohho npHroBopt Ka- 

CaJICH HX-B JIH^HO, H BC^ B30pU 6bIJIH npHKOBaHU Kb yCTaM'B 

cxaparo cyAbH. 

— BaiHCTa Bapyjia ynjiaiHTb jj^ecHTb neaerb ncHH sa ero 
npociynoK'b h copoK'b ceHTHMOBTj mrpa(|)a. 

PasAajTCH monoTB yAOBOJibCTBia, a oyiea CTapyxa cxajiaAa- 
;Ke aajioAHpoBaTb. 

BaxHCTi) noKHHyjn> cyA'b bh* ce6a otb HeroAOBaniH. Oh'b 
meji'b cTb onymeHHofi roaoBOfl, cmaB'b KyjiaKH, h ecjiH 6h ne- 
peAi> HHM'b He nocTopOHHJiHCb, ohtj, HaBipHoe, nycTHJiij 6h b'b 

XOA'b CBOH CHJIbHHe KyJiaKH. 

Ohi> meji'b npHMo B-b AOM-b cbohx'b xosaeBi, hto6h paa- 
cKaaaTb HM'b o TOM'b, HTO cjiy^HJiocb, HenpHMHpHMofl BpaacA* 
K'b HeMy KpecTbaHTj, CTapaiomHXCJi oTpaBHTb eMy cymecxBo- 
Banie; nacb cnycxji, yate H'bcKOJibKO ycnoKoeHHHfl AoCpHMH 
cjioBaMH cBOHX'b ceHbopoB'b, OH'b HanpaBHJic^ Bi> oCpaxHuft nyxb. 

IIpoxoHcie, KOTopHX'b OH'b BCTpinajiTb Ha OoJibinofi Aoporb, 
Moji^ajiH, A'feJia^ ycHJiia, hto6h coxpaHHXb cepbesHOCTb, xoxa 
B-b Hx-b rjiasaxTj CJiecxtjio sjiopaACXBO. Ho JiHuib TOJibKO OH'b 
yAaJi^Jicfl, 8a ero cnHHoil xoxiacb ace pasAaBajica AepsKia 
CMixTj, a OAHHi> napeflb, nepeApasHHBaa TopatecTBeHHHft toh'B 
npeACbAaTejia cyAa, KpHKHyjiTb: 

— CopoK'b ceHTHM0Bi> inTpa(|)a! 

y ABepeil TpaKTHpa „HapKa", BaxncT'b yBHA'feji'b HSAajra 
Bpara cBoero IlHMeHXO cb cxaKanoM'b BHHa B-b pyKax-b, OKpy- 

5KeHHarO Apy^bHMH. OH'b 5KeCTi1KyjIHpOBajl'b H CM'feaJIC^, KaKb 

6yAT0 nepeApasHHBaa npoxecr-b h 5Kajio6H BaxHCxa. Ero ocyat- 
AeHie 6UJ10 paAocxHofi xeMoti ajih paaroBopa Bcero cejia — BCb 

CM'bJIJIHCb. 

FocnoAH lecyce! Tenepb OH'b — neJioB'feK'b MHpHHft h AoCpHfl 
oxeui'b ceMeflcTBa — noHHMaeTi>, oxnero jiioah y6HBaH>Ti>. 

Ho cHJibHHM'b ei pyKaM'b npoOtrajia Apo^b, h OH'b nyB- 
cTBOBajii), HTO oH'fe y Hero hbui^tcr. SaMCAJiHB'b marb, noAxo- 

AHJl'b OH'b K'b XpaKTHpy—OMy XOX'feJIOCb BHA'feXb, OTBamaTCH JIH 

OHH CMli^xbca eMy npnMo b'b jih<ho. H a*^© HecjiuxaHHaH 
Bemb — OH'b noAyMaji'b o TOM'b, ho boAth jih eMy b'B TpaKpHp'b 
BHQJHTb cTaKaH'b BHHa Ha BHAy y CBOHX'b BparoB-b. Ho niTpa4)'b 
CTo^ji'b y Hero iionepeK'b ropjia, h OH'b ne p'feniHJica aapacxo- 
AOBaTb eujie H'feCKO-ibKO jiHmHHxi> rpoflie^. 

OH'b BHaji'b oO'b yrpoaax'b IlHMeflTo, KOTopHft, noAAepjKH- 



I 



• 



npooHTOB noJLH. 175 

BaeMH^ BC'i^M'b cejiOM'B, rji^jicji, ^to noc&ABmi^ uiueHHi^y Ha 
seMJi'b Bappexa He co6epeTi> en, h onacajiCH sa cboid maxBy, 
3a nmcBauy — HaAcacAy ceMbH, aa pocToMi> Koropoft bc* cji*- 

AHJIB »vaiIHUMl> BdOpOBfB. 

MojiqajiHBaH H HanpHxceHHafl HenaBHCTB npoBoacajia ero 
HeHSM'feHHo. ^eHiuiHHH CTopoHHJiHCb 0Tb Hero, cHtast Ty6u H 

He yAOCT'lHBaH npHB'bTCTBifl, OfiM'bHHBaTbCfl ROTOpUMT> npH 

Haxo B'b AepeBHi; My«HHHH, paOoTaBinie bt* nojit, b6jih3H eri) 
ynacTKa seMjiH, nepe6pacHBajiHCb AepsRHMH BOCRJiuaam^MH, 
rocbchbo oTHocHBmHMHca Kh BaTHCxy, a jx'hua EcpH^iajiH^SAajiH: 
^OpoA^ra! J],paHbl* 

EcjiH 61) BaxHCT'b He CuJVh OAapeHi> CHjibHUMH RyjiaRaMH 
H MoryHHMH HJie^iaMH B'b KocyK) cameHb, Ramb CRopo pacnpa- 
BHJiocb 6h cb HHM'b ccjio! — Ho Ram^itifl HaA^ajica, hto neHa- 
BHCxHHfl coc'bA'b nepBHtt oxBaHCHXca Hanacxb, a noRa aobojib- 
cxBOBajiHCb rhyL-by hxo Bpa^AOBajiH cb hhmi> HSAaJiH 

CpeAH XOCRH, BHBBaHHOft QTlH^'b OX^ySKAeHieM b, BaXHCXB 

HcnHxajn> xaR^Ke JierRoe omymeHie yAOBOJibcxBia. Ysae noAXOAfl 
Kb CBoeMy AOMy, OH'b yBHA'bJi'b MojioAoro napHH, CHAiBinaro 
Ha CyropR* y Aoporn cb hhjio^ MeatAy Horb, noAJi* rpyAH 
pacnHJieHflaro xBopocxa. MojioAofl ^ejioB'feR'b Bcxaji-b: 

— JXoCfuH AeHb, ceHbop'b BaxHCTB. 

H noRJioH'B sTQTb, H xpenexHuM fojiocb aacx^HHHBaro k)hoiiih 
npoBBBejiH Ha BaxHCxa iipinxHoe BneHaxjibnie. 

OffB ApyatecRH BarjiJiHyji'B napHH) B'B Cojibmie rojiy^He 
rjiasa h crapajicH npHnoMHHXb, rxo 6h axo Mor^b 6uxb. HaRu- 
Hea'B, OH'B BcnoMHHJi^, Hxo 8'ro BHyR'B A«flH ToM6a, xopomifl 
napeHb, cjiy»CHBmiM pa6oxHHROM'B y MHCHHRa, sa cxaAOifB roxo- 
paro npncMaxpHBaji'b ero A'feAyniRa. 

— CaacnOo, napenb, cnacnCo! — npomenxajiB BaxHCTB. 

y ABepeft jianyrH cxoajia ero Mcena, oRpyaceHHaa najiu- 
maun, Hexepn'bjiHBO HCAaBman ero, xaR'B RaR'B yace Gujio Bpenfa 

BaxHcxi> nocMoxp'bji'B na CBoe nojie,— h Bce, hxo eny npn- 
ffljiocb BHxepn'bxb bo BpeMa cyAa xohho O-femeHofi bojiho^ xjih- 
Hyjio K'b Mosry. 

Ero noJie acajKAex-b hojihbrh — 8xo 6hjio acHO — Bcfe 
JiHCTba cbeacHJiHCb, Ojiecramif! n sejienHtl ^B*x^> hx'b noateji- 
xtjiTj, cxaji'B npoapaqHHM'B. Hm'b He xBaxajio boabe, Roxopoi! 
IlHMeHTo JiHiHHJi'b HX'B XHxpHM'B oCMaHOM'B. TonepB OMy Aa- 
A)xi> BOAy He paH'be, RaR'B Hepea'BAB'b neAtJiM, TaR'B RaR'B ea 
y»te cxajio najio, a B'B AOBepmeme necqacria HaAO eme nJiaxHXB 
neHK) H mxpacl)^. 0, FocnoAH!.. 

OCtAaa Ces'b annexHxa, paacRaaHBaJi'b OH'B «eH* o cjiy- 
^HBmeMCH Ha cyA*. 

ypoHHBB Jio^KRy B'B pHCOByio Raiuy, 6'feAHaH wceHiiiiHHa 






176 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBt) 

BcxjiHnfciBajia, rjioTaa cjiesH. SarfeMi, BcnHXHyst Bneaan- 
HHMi> 6'bmeHCTBOM'b H ycTpeMMBi) rjiaaa Ha Ty ^acTb aojihhh, 
KOTopaa 6HJia BH^Ha nepea-b oTKpHTyi) flBepb co bc^mh 
6'bJiHMH AOMHRaMH H 3eJieHHMH nojiHMH, OHa, npocTHpaa 
pyKH, BocKJiHKHyjia: ^HsBeprn, HSBeprH!** 

^tTH, HcnyraHHHH XMyptiM-B jihi^om'b oTaa h kphkom'l Ma- 
TepH, He npHHHMajiHCb sa t^y. Ohh CMOxpijiH Apyn> na flpyra, 
Hep'bmHTejibHHe h HsyMJienHue, h roh'ihjih T'hu'b, hto nocjrb- 
AOBajiH npHBfbpy MaTopn — pacnjiaKajracb naA'b pjicowb. 

BdBHQHeHHHM dTHIfb OCn^HM'b XOpOMl) BCXJIBHUBaHifit, Ba- 
THCTb BCKO^HJlTb Bl* flpOCTH H, HOHTH OUpOKHHyB'b yAapOM^b 

MomiHaro Ry^iaxa MaJieHbKiM croji'b, — BuO'b^aji'b boht> Hd'b 
jianyrH. 

BaiHCTy noKaaajiocb, hto cojiHi^e Htmerb cHjibnie, ^rhwh 
KorAa-JiHOo, h oAHa MHCJib yacacnie Apyrofl npoHOCHJiacb y Hero 
Bi rojioB'b. Jlfi cjitAyiomefl hojikbrh nojie He mohcctx ycroaTb, 
OHO norHOneTi) — acaTBa nponaAeT-b, h y csMbH He 6yjsfiTb 
xjiikCa. 

HaKOHeq'b, KorAa coJiHi^e cfejio, BaTHcrb nonyBCTBOBaji'b h4- 
KOTopoe o6jier^eHie, to^ho cojiai^e aanijio HaBcerAa, h ero nme- 
HHi^a cnaceHa. 

On-b ymejn> ciy nojia h, otxoah Bce AaJibine h AaJK>Hie, nesa- 
M'bTHo, MeAJieHHEinfb HiaroM'b cnycTHJicji HnHdi), no HanpaBJiemiD 
kij TpaKTHpy. BaTHCTb He jij^djrh y»ce o TOM'b, hto Ha CBirb 
ecTb nojiHi^in, h Aame cb B'bKOTopHM'b yAOBOjibCTBieM-b npeA- 
ciaBJiflJi'b ceC'fe BOBMomnocTb Bcrp'feTHTbca 3A*cb ch IlHMeffTo. 

HaBcrpt^y eMy, no BoaBHoieHHOMy Kpaio Aoporn, nua 
CHCTpHM'b niaroMT> TOJina A'i^BymeKT>, RoxopHH cb RopsHnaMH 
Bii pynaxi) BOdBpaunajiHCb cb (|)a6pHK'b. 

BaTHCTb yBHA'feJI'b H CBOD AOHb. HAymyK) OTA'tJIbHO 0Tb TO- 

BapoRi). Ho ona 6HJia ne oAHa. E&iy noKaaajiocb, ^to ona pas- 
roBapHBaei'b cb ^eJiOB'bROM'b, maraio'mHM'b no TOMy ace nyTH, 
HTO H ona, xoTfl H HtCKOJibRo nooAajib, RaRi* BcerAa xoAHTb 
Bi) ceji'h aceHHXH: B'bAb 6jiH8ocTb CHHxaeTCH npnsHaROM'b 
rpixa. 

YBHAaB-b BaTHCia, ajOTb ^ejioBtK'b OTCTaji'b HfecKOJibRo h 
ocxajiCH noaaAH, MemAy Thwh kslkt^ Poceia noAomjia Kb oxi^y. 

dioTb nocji'bAHi£t npo^ojiaeaji'b CTOHTb nenoABuamo, acejiaa, 
^ito6h He8HaR0Mei^i> npomeji'b mhmo, h OH'b 6u ero MOirb 
yanaTb. 

— ^06p0]tt HOHH, CeHbOpTb BaTHCTTj. 

3to CHji'b TOTb ace poCKift rojiocb, ROTopufi npHBiiCTBOBaji'b 
ero cpoAH ahh. 

Offb BsrJiHHyjrb na Aoib, noRpacH'bBniyK) ao Ropnett BOJiocb. 

— ^OMOfi CTynafl, aomoiS... yaco h noRaacy Te6t! 

H OHi> Bamaraji'b aomo^ cb HcnyranHoM Pocexofl, roto- 



npo&jQLflTos nojiB. 177 

paa Boa npomajia h OnJia yBtpeaa, ^ro eft He usO'kmsiTh 
rpo3H. 

Ho OHE omnOjiacb. y 6'feAHaro en oiqa ne Ohjio bi> Ty mh- 
Hyry Apyrnxt A*Tefl, KpoM-fe iiojih, — nec^acTHoft, notoeKmeft, 
ataacAymefi hojikbrh nmeHHabi, rpeCyiomeft nocKop-be boah, 
^ttoGh He ynepeTb. 

Offib TOJibKo oQ-b BTOWb H AyMajii>, HOKa acena npHroTO- 
BJiHJia ysKHHaxb, a Pocexa xo^HJia no HsO'b, A'^Jian bhaIi, hto 

OHa H^MIj-TO BEHflTa. 

BaTHCTb CMoxptji'b, ci> RaRHM'b anoeTBTOM'b ceMbfl HCTpe6- 
Ji^erb tAy, H HHKOFAa eme ne noHHMBJTb ThKh hcho, KaKoe 
6peMH JieacHTb y Hero na nJienaxii. Be* ohh ocTaHyTca Cea'b 
xjrb6a, ecjm nornOfleTb HtaxBa. Mucjib o KaHaBt, npoTeKaBmeft 
ci> THXHiii) mypHanieMi) B6jiHdH hojih^ iiy^HJia h xepaajia ero. 
BApyfb owb BCROHHji'b KdiKb, HejioB']^R'b» upHHHBmiti p'kmeHie, 
Jiaa BKnojiHCHiH Roroparo roTOBi> no^KepTBOBaib BchM^b^ q'bM'b 
yroAHo. 

— IIojiHBaTb, noJiHBaTb nojie! 

Tepeca HcnyraJiacb, lOT^aci* me noHHS'b bcio onacHOCTb xa- 
Roro OTHaAHHaro p'bmeHiii... 

— IIo6oflcH Bora, BaxHCTb! Te6a npHcyAflxi> rt> eme 600146 
BHa^HxejibHOMy inxpa({)y, a Momexi> 6HXb, h naBcerAa jinmarb 
BOAH... y^cb Jiynme 6h noAoacAftTb. 

Ho rntB'b BaxHcxa 6EKn> rHtBOM'b CAepacaHHHxx, (|)JierMa- 
XHiHHX'b jiK)Aefl, ROXopHe, noxep^BTj oOH^Hoe xjiaAHOKpoeie, He 
TaR-b-xo CRopo npHXOAHXT> B'b ce6a. 

— DojiHBaxb, nojiHBaxb nojie! 

H BaxHCxex'b, Becejio noBxopna cjioBa oxE[a, cxBaxHJi'b jionaxH 
H BHrnejii) KSi> AOMy, B'b conpoBOHCAemH cecipH h Majimnell. 

Bet OHH acejiajiH npHHHXb y^acxie B'b paOoxi, Roxopaa hmi* 
Raaajiacb npasAHHROM'b. 

HxTb oxBaxHJio B036y»cAeHHoe Becejibe napoAa, BOBBpainaro- 
maro ceOi cBo6oAy Maxe^coM'b. 

Bet ABHHyjraeb no HanpaBJieHiro rtj RanaBt, xhxo acypnaB- 
mefl B'b xtHH. Heofi-baxHaa AOJinna xo^ho xepajiacb B'b rojiyCo- 
BaxHX'b cyMepKax'b,~-xeMHHH MacoH BOJiHyromaroca xpoexHHRa 
myirfejiH h menxaomeb, a BBtBAbc Mnrajin na neCt. 

BaxHCXT> BomejTb B'b Ranany h noAHHJXb niJiK)8T>, Mescjiy xtM'b 
ZdiKb ohhtj, Mcena h Aa^Ke ao^2> e^inn^ajiH 6yropRH jionaxaMH 
H oxRpHBajm npoxoATb, Hepes'b ROXopHfl BOAa Onjia BecejiHM'b 

Boa eeMbH HaeJiajKnajiacb, RaR-b 6yAX0 yxojiiia ceow HtaatAy. 

3eMJiH manHo nnjia, ex rpoMRHMH BByRaMH zAy-zAy, Roxopne 
BctMT> paAOBajiH cepAi^e. Ilefl, net!, etAHnra. H ohh xojihjih, 
HarnyBniHeb, no Beeny nojiro, ^xo6h yCtAHXbca, BCioAy Jih ao- 

XOAHTb BOAa. 

^ 7. OTAtJi* I. 12 



178 pyoosoB BoriTOTBO. 

BaTHCTb 6ujrB Ha sepxy 6jia3KeHCTBaI.. KaKoe 6peM« CBajiH- 
jiocb y Hero cb njieHi>!.. IlycTb Tenept iipHX0A^Ti> BCHKie cia- 
BJieHHHKH cyfla h jifbjiSLfOTb, HTO xoMTb. Ero nojie cnaceHO, a 
aTo rjiaBHoe. 

H TaKij kslkts ewy, cb ero TOHKHMt cJiyxoMi> nejioBtKa, npn- 
BUKinaro Kh oflHHO^ecTBy, noKaaajiocb, 6yflT0 bx co(rfeAHHxi> 
TpocTHHKax'b paa^aroTCJi KanieTo cTpannue sByKH, oh-l noCt- 

ataJI-B B'b AOM'B H HOMeAJieHHO BepHyjICJI OTTyfla Cl> HOBHMTb, 

HeAaBHo KynjieHHHMT* pyacbeM'b B'b pyKax-b. 

HpHHcaBij najibi^eMT> KypoKi), ohI) TB,Kh npocToa.n'b 6oJibme 
nacy Ha 6epery KanasH. 

Bofla yHte ne Temia TaM-b, a ymjia BCii B'b nojie Ba- 

THCTa. 

BtiTb MomeT-b, coctOT HeroAyioTb h atajiyioTCij; 6HTb mo- 
aceTii, IlHMeHTO, KaKi* aTaHAa^opa, y«e yBtAOMHjiH o cjiy^HB- 
meMca, H oHi) xoAHrb b6jih3h, nero^iya na cTOJib AepsKoe na- 
pymeme aaKona. Ho BaTHcrb npoAOJiHcajii cToaTb, KaKi* cTpaacb 
CBoero nojifl, KSiKb ptmHTeJibHHtt 6opeii;'b aa cymecTBOBame 
ceMbH. B'b aTOMi> HeJioB^Ki, cTOJiBmeM'b nenoABH^Ho cpeAH Ka- 
HasH, ^yBCTBOBaJiocb TaKoe TBepAoe ptmeHie BHCTp'fejiHTb B'b 
nepsaro, kto aBHTca croAa, ^to hhkto ne BHinejrb na-b OjiHHcaia- 

niHX'b TpOGTHHKOB'b, H HOJie BaTHCTa BOnpaJIO B'b Ce6fl BOAy B'b 

Te^enie Dj-bjiaro naca fies'b Maji'feilmefl noM-fexH. 

Eme fioji'fee CTpaHHO 6hjio to, hto B'b cjilbjiyioujX^ ^eiBepr'b 
aiaHAaAopi ne BMBBaji-b ero. Ha cyAfiume BoA'b. 

^HTeJiH cejia y6'feAHJiHCb, hto B'b ciapoli jianyr'fe ahah 
Bappeia HMieTca lenepb OAHa i^'bHHaH Bemb — ABycTBOJibHoe 
pyHtbe, H ^rro HenaBHCTHHli npnmejieA'b co CTpacTHOcTbio ypo- 
»eHi^a BajieHcin roTOB'b OTKasaTbca oirb KycKa xJi-feOa, Jinmb 6h 
TOJibKo HM'feTb 3a ABepbK) 3KHjiHiii,a HOBoc py^Kbc, BosOyHCAaromee 
saBHCTb H BHymaiomee yBa^Kenie. 



Y. 

EaceAHeBHo Poceia, AO^b BaTHCTa, BCKaKHBajia na paacB'hrfe 
HB'b nocTejiH H, BHrnCaH pyKH rpaD;io3HHM'b ABHaKenieM'b, oirb 
KOToparo Tpeneiajio Bce ea rnCKoe t^jio, nijia OTBopaTb ABepb 
AOMa. 

CKpHH'feji'b BopoT'b KOJioAij;a, Cb paAOCTHHM'b jiaoM'b HpHrajia 
HCKpacHBaH cofianeHKa, npoBOAHBinaa HOHb na ABop'fe, h Po- 
cexa, npH Mepi^amH nocJi'feAHHX'b, Aoroparomnx'b SB'hQjx'b, o6jih- 
Bajia ce6'fe jihi^o h pyKH xojioahoA boao]^. Sai'bM'b ona aa- 
mnrajia cs-feHKy, CHCTpo npaqecHBajiacb, oAinaJiacb, KJiajia 
ceO'b Ha oC'feAt B'b Kopanny ocTaTKH ymnna, noBaawBajiacb 
HJiaTKOM'b H, OpocHB'b npoiii;ajibHHfi B3rjiaAi> na MajiHUielt, 



npoKJifliOB nojB. 179 

cnaBrnHx-B co crapniHM'B 6paT0Mi> Ha nojiy, BHXOAHJia hbi. Jia- 
^yrn, roBopa: „npoiu;aftTe ;^o Benepa". 

fffiEh y«e BaHHMaji&a, h npn rojiy6oBaTOMi> ero CBirt bhahh 
6hjih Ha TponHHKaxi> h na Aoporh irfeJiHH BepeHH^H Tpyate- 
HHROB'B, HanpaBJiflBmHxca kt> ropoAy. 

Pocexa injia oAHa. B-feAHa^Ka xopomo sHajia ^yBCTBa ki> nefl 
^a TOBapoKi — ^Aonepe^ h ceciepi. rhxt, kto laKX chjibho ne- 

JiaBHA'i^JI'B eH CeMbK). 

Mnoria hsx bthx'b A*BymeK'B paOorajiH Ha Tofl ate (|)a6pHK'b, 
"510 H OHa; He paaij npHxoAHJiocb efl bhhochtb orb hzxij 
ocKop6jieHiH H lepntTb nanaARH. 

B-b nepsoe BpeMH PoceTa HcnHTtiBajia crpaxi*, KorAa nacTy- 
najiH cyMepKH, h HyacHo Ctijio yxoAHTb ci> (|)a6pHKH. Boacb 
^o;^py^b, ineAniHx'b no Tofl ate Aoport, PoceTa ociaBajiacb 
eme HfcKOTopoe speMa na (|)a6pHK'b, noKa ne yxoAHJiH Bct. 
BarfeM-b OHa atHHBO OpoAHaa no ropo^iy, A'feaaa h^koto- 
pna aaKynKH, nopyneHHEia eH Maiepbio, ocTanaBJiHEaacb bx 
HByMjieHiH nepeA'b BHCxaBKaMH B-b OKHaxx MarasHHOB-b, koto- 
pHe Ha^HHajiH ocBimaibca, h, naKonei^'b, nepefiAa Mocrb, mjia 
ho TeMnHMii nepeyjiKaM-b npeAMtcTba, ^ttoCh BHfiTH na Aopory. 

JSft CHX'b nopx Bce eme mao xopomo. Ho Tyrb nanHHajiHCb 
^^ipaxH. He TeMHOTa h 6e3ai)Abe nyraaw ee. Ki> HHM'b ona 
npHBHKJia. EcaH-6i> ona Moraa 6HTb yB^pena, hto hhrofo 
He BcrpiTHTb no Aopor-Jb— ona Onaa Oh cnoKOfina. He npHBH- 
A^Hia, He MepTBei^u nyrajiH ee, KaK-b fliKOTopHX'b hbi* ea to- 
BapoRi), a acHBHe. Ci* Apoacbio BcaoMnnaaa ona o pascKasax'b, 
<»iHniaHHHX'b Ha ({)a6pHK'Jb. 

^OMa PoceTa HHiero ne roBopnaa. B^AHaa A*BymKa ne 
xortaa, hto6h oTei^x BHiOAHai* eH naBCTpi^y. E^ 6Haa hb- 
BtcTHa Bca HenaBHCTb K^b neMy cocfeAefl, a TpaKTHp'b ^^apKa" 
cb ero noc^THTeaaMH, Bnymaax eH HacToam,ifi yacacb. 

OAHaatAH B6aH3H ropoAa PoceTt Bcxp'feTHaca no Aopori mo- 
aoAOfi HeaoBtKTb, KOTopHtt nomea'b paAOMij c'b ne^. 

— JJoOpott hohh! — npHB'bTCTBOBaa'b OH'b ee. 

npaAHJibU];ni](a maa no BUCOROMy KpaK) Aoporn, a MoaoAOfl 
HeaoB-feKt meai* BHHsy, nocpeAHH-fe Aoporn. Bto Otiai) Tonerb, 
BHyKb AHAH ToMOa, AoGpt^niifl napcHb, naA'b KOTopHM-b npa- 
AHabn^Hixu meaRa b'^'iho cM'baancb, rjiajisiy Rani) ohi> EpacH'berb 
H OTBopaiHBaeTb Jiimo npn mi> AOBoabHO-xaRH pncROBaHHux'b 
myTRax'b. 

OH'b He RypHax, CHa'b Bcero Asa nan Tpn paaa bT) CBoea 
»H3HH B-b TpaRTHpi „HapRa", a no BocRpecenbaMX, ecany nero 
cayqaaocb HicRoabRO cBo6oAHHX'b ^acoBX, bm^cto Toro, htoOh 
CMOTptTb, RaR'b HrpaioTb Bx mh^Ij napHH, 0HT> yxoAHa^b BTb noae 
H BocTopaceHHO npHcaymHBaaca rx ntmio nrniii'b. 

CeabCRie oOHBaTean BHA'haH B'b newh nyAaRa, TaRace, 

12* 



180 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

KaK-B H Bi> nacTyx*, ero A*AyniKt. Ero c^HTajm ^HecnacTHeHb-^ 

Po3eTa omHBHjiacb bb oOmecTBt MOJioj^oro napHH. Tenepb- 
eft Henero CoHThca. TonerB BHymajiB eft nojiHiiftinee flo- 
Btpie. 

Ofla aaroBopHJia ch ehmb, cnpamHBaH, oTKyAa ohb HAenb, 
a owb OTBtnajiT) neonpeAtjieHHo, cb o6H^Hoft CBoeft Bacrbn^H- 
BOCTbK): ^orryAa... OTTyAa"... H hotomb aaMOJinaJTB, tohho bth- 
HeMHoriH cjioBa ctohjih eny BejiH^aftmnxB ycHjiift. 

MojiHa, npomjiH ohh bck) Aopory, pascTaBniHCB tojibro Bosjib 
caMaro AOMa. 

— JtoOpoft HO^H, H cnacHfCo! — CKaaajia A^BymKa. 

— J],06p0ft HO^:h! — OTB'feTHJTB OHB H HCHeSB, HOBepHyBB Wh 

ropoAB. 

TenepB ona BcnoMHHJia, hto Bcxpi^ajiacB cb hhmb HHorA;a 
H yipoMB, mxa bb ropoAB, h eft KaaajiocB, hto Tohctb ciapajica 
BcerAa rjxtil cb ea cTopoHH Aoporn, xoia h H-bcKOJibKO noo- 
AaJib, hto6h He npHBJie^b BHEMaHia nacM'i^niJiHBHXB npHAHJib- 
mni^B, H, KpoMi Toro, OHa npHnoMHHJia, ^ro KorAa eft cjiy^a^ 
Jiocb HeoJKHAaHHO noBepeyTb rojioBj, ero rjiaaa OKasHBajincB 
BcerAa ycTpeMJieHHHMH na see. 

Ha cji'bAyK)ii;ift Aenb yipoMB, oinpaBJiHacb bt> BaJieHciro, OHa 
He BcrpiTHJia ero, ho Be^epoMB, na BosBparaoMB nyrn, fltByniKa 
He HyBCTBOBajia cTpaxa, xoth cyMepKH nacTynnJiH TeMHHa h 
AO^AJiHBHH. Oaa npcA^yBCTBOBajia noaBJienie cnyTHHKa, npn- 
AaBaBmaro eft laKyio OoApocTb. H A'feftcTBHTejibHO, ohb BCTp'b- 
THJica eft no^TH bb tomb ^e Micrfe, KaKB h HaKanyH'b. 

Ohb h na btotb pasB BeJiB ce6a TaKB »ce, KaKB Bcer^a. — 
„Ho6poft ho^h", — a BarbMB MOJi^a nomejiB paAOMB. 

Pocexa 6HJia 6oJi"be pasroBop^HBa. OiKyAa ohb H^eTB? Hxa 
3a cjiy^aftHOCTb— flBa flna kb pa^y ohh BCTp-fe^aioTCH. A offB^ 
3anHHa)3Cb, tohho cjioBa ctohjih eny BejiHHaftniHXB ycHJiift, — 
OTB'b^aJiB, KaKB BcerAa: „OTTyAa, OTTyAa**. 

J],'bByniKa, otb npHpoAH cTOJib ^e sacrfeH^HBaa, KaKB h 
OH b, HyBCTBOBajia, oAHaKO, rename CMiaTbca na^B ero CMyni;e- 
HieMB. Ona paacKaaajia eMy o cbohxb cTpaxaxB, h Tohctb, ao- 
BOJibHbift TtMB, ^to MoaceTB 0Ka3aTb ycjiyry A'feByniK'b, pac- 

KpUJlB,' HaKOHeUiB, pOTB, HT06h C006mHTb Oft, ^TTO OHB 6yji,eTh 

HacTO ee coapoBoacAaTb, TaKB KaKB y Hero BcerAa ecTb X03aft« 
CKia nopyneHia bb ceao. 

Ha Apyroe yTpo ona npocHyaacb cb CTpaHHHMB ^yBCTBOirb. 
JJfiEh 6bLjrh BocKpecHHft, H eft He naAO 6Hao cntmHTb na 4>a- 
6pHKy. KaKB nra^iKa Beceao pacnIbBaa, BHHyaa ona h3b Coat- 
moro ceMefinaro cyHAyKa CBoft npasAHHHHHft napaAB h pasjio- 
acHJia ero na nocTean. 

PoceTa o^iCHb aioCnaa BocKpecenba— -KorAa mohcho 6Naono- 



npoKJiaTOB nojiR. 181 

;iojibnie nocnaTb yTpoMi*, HHHero He A^jiaTb AHOMt h ornpaBHTbca 
cb MaTepbK) kij oCtAH*. Ho 8T0 BocKpeceHbe Kaaajiocb efi jiy^me 

OCTaJIbHHXT>: COJIHI^e CBiTHJIO KaKl>-TO Hp^e, HTHUiH IlfejIH 6o- 
Jrte 3B0HK0, BTb OKOmeHKO BpHBaJICa TaKOfl CJiaBHHfi AyniHCTHfi 
BOBAyX'b, OAnHMTj CJIOBOM'b — BTO yXpO HM'fejIO B^b CCOt HTO-TO 

HOBoe^ HeoCuHaflHoe. 

BnepBHe Pocerb aaxortjiocb npHHapHAHTbcn. MaTb ^acro 
nyniHJia ee 8a He6peHtHoe, 6e38a6oTHoe OTHomeHie K'b CBoeft 
BErfeniHocTH. B'b mecTHaAi^aTb JiiTi) Ai^ByinK'b ystcb cjiiAyerx 
noAyMaTb o tomi, KaKi* 6h noHpaBHTbcn jiJOAHM'b. KaK-b rjiyno 
oHa A^jiajia, CMiacb naA'b Maiepbio, KorAa la naaHBajia ee nepaxofi. 

Tenepb oea OyAerb 3a6oTHTbca o ceC*. H B'b nepsHfl paa^b 
Bi> acHBHH npocHA'feJia oea 6oji4e HeiBepTH naca aa KpoxoT- 
HHiTb aepKajibi^ei^'b, noAapeHHUMTb eft omoM'b, CTapaacb no- 
Jiy^me npHHecaibCH. SaxiMx HaA'feJia Kopcen — acecToidft nan- 
ij,uph BajieHciaHCRHX'B KpecibJiHOK'b, pasAaBJiHBaromift rpyAb,— 
oOjieKJiacb B'B CBoe BOCKpecnoe CHTiiieBoe njiaxbe h 3a6oTJiHBo 
npHROJiojia Ha roJiOBi MaHTHJibio. 

Be^epij npomejTb cKy^HO. C'b nopora h36h Pocerb h*- 
cROJibKo pasi) Rasajiocb^ ^iro ona bhahtb ToHeia, CKHraio- 
^^a^oci^ no OTAaJieHHHM'b TponHHKaM'b h Dpanymaroca B'b xpo- 
KTTHHK'b, hto6h oTTyAa CMOTpiib Ha Hee. IIpaAHJibmHi^'b xorb- 
jiocb, htoOh cKopift HacTajTb noHOAtobHHK'b, KorAa ona nofi- 
AOTb Ha (|)a6pHKy, h na BosBpaTHOM-b nyTH ee 6yAeTB npoBo- 
«aTb ToHerb. 

TaK'b OHO H Ohjio. OHTb ee Bcrp'feTHJi'b eme Cjivime K'b ro- 
poAy, H-bMi B'b Th pa3H: — J],o6poft hohh! 

Ho, cRasaB'b 8th cjioBa, ohi> ho yMOJiR^b, KaR^b BcerAa, a npn- 
HflJiCH roBopHTb, xoTH H C'b ycHJiieMi, BOJinyacb. Ofl-b paAT>, 'nro 
ona TaRi> xopomo Burjiajxarh (Pocexa yjiHCnyjiacb h thxo npo- 
menTajia: „cnacH6o"!)» — Chjio jih eft Becejio B'b BocnpeceHbe? 
MoJi^ame... Offb 8toti> Aenb njioxo npoBejnj... Eny Ohjio CRy^- 
ho... B-bpHo OTToro, hto... nero-TO eny HOAOCTaBajio... hohhtho, 
oH'b yace npHBHR'b no BonepaM-b xoAHTb no Oojibmoft Aopor'b... 
H'bTB, He TO... eMy npaBHJiocb npoBo^aTb ee... 

TyTb OH'b ocTanoBHJicH. 

J^ojiro num ohh saTbMib MOJina, h A'bByniRa HH^ero eiiy ne 
OTB'bTHJia... Ho ROFAa npomjio ni^ROTopoe bpcmh, ona cTpamHO 
CMyTHJia ero, 3aAaB'b BApyn> Bonpocb: — Sa^'bM'b OH'b npoBO- 
jRaerb ee? Hto CRamyrb jhoah? Ecjih oh oTei^'b y3Haerb 06'b 
OToifb, eft AOCTaneTCH... 

— SaH'bM'b TH AtJiaemb 9to? — cnpamnBajia A^syniRa. 

H MOJiOAoft napoHb, — Bce fioji-be nenajibHHft h pofiRift, 
TOHHo yjiH^eHHHft npecTynHHR'b, RoropHft AOJi^^H'b BHCJiy- 
maTb npHTOBop'b, — HH^ero ne oxB'bTHJi'b. OH'b meJi'b Thwb me 
maroM'b, RaR'b h ona, ho HOMHoro B'b cropoH'b on> hch, cno- 



182 pyOOKOB BOriTOTBO. 

TEiKa^cB Rpa^ AoporH. Pocerfa noRasajiocB, hto owl fotob'b 
pacnjiaRaTbCH. 

Ho y^e b6jih8h AOMa^ kotjib, hm^b npHxoAHJiocb pa3CTaTbCfl^ 
ToHerb Bapyr-B, cb HeoJKHflaHHOfl pimHrejiBHocTBD BaroBopHarB^ 
OTBt^aa Ha BonpocB A^ByniKH, KaKB 6yAT0 ona tojibko ^to aa- 
Aajia ero: 

— Sa.T'hwb... SarfeMT), hto h Te6a jik)6jik). 

Ohx cKaBajii) aio, npHfijiHBHBfflHCB Kx Heft, TaKi* ^rro era 
flHxame KacajiocB ea jiHi^a, rjiaBa ero rop'feJiH,— tohho bch HCTHHa 
HcxoAHJia HBi) RiiTh, — a saT'i^M'B, CHOBa pacRaHBmncB, ncnyraH- 

HHft, yHHHTO^eHHHft, OWb (JpOCHJICH 6*3KaTB, TOHHO pe6eH0K'B. 

liTBKb, OWb jih)(5htb ee... Yme Asa aha A^BymKa ^AflJia 

aTHX-B CJIOB'B, H, ThWh HO MOHte, OHH HOpaSHJIH CO, KaKl* HOO- 

MCHAaHHoe oTKpHTie. — H OHa to^ko JiroOnT-B ero! — Bch) ho^ib w 
Aaace bo ch* eft cjiHinajicH THcany paai) menorB: 

„OmmozOy nmo h meSn jhoSjuo". 

TonerB ne CTajTB ^KAaTB cjitAyroiHiaro Be^epa. PoceTa yBH-- 
A^Jia ero na paacBtrt: oh-b cnpaTajica sta ctbojiom-b 64jioa 
mejiKOBHi^H H CMOTp'feji'B OTTyAa Ha nee cb ipeBoroft, KaKi* pe- 
CenoKi), KOTopHft 6oHTca BtiroBopa sa npoKaay. 

Ho npHAHJibmHn;a, noKpacHbB'B, tojibko yjiHCnyjiacB — ir 
HH cjioBa. Bee 6hjio cKaaaHO. — Ohh ho CKaaajiH eme paa-B, hto 
jm6aTb Apyr'B Apyra, ho to, hto cb aToft MHHyTH ohh ace-- 
HHxi> H HeBtcTa — 6hjio flfkjio p-femeHHoe. 

OTHomeHiH hx^b 6hjih hobhhhhh. Ohh hijih no hohth ny» 

CTHHHOft AOpori, B-B HOHHHH CyMepKH, H CaMO 9X0 yeAHHOHie,, 

RaBajiocB, yAajiHJio hb^b iirh MHCJieft BCHRoe ncHHCToe mejianie. 

OAHamAH Tohcti HenaHflHo AOTponyjica ao Tajiin PoceTn: 
H noRpacH'fcji'B, RaK'B A'feByniKa. 

HpHAHJiBmni^a, nepoA'B T'feM'B TaR'B mejiaBmaa noiiBJienifl aoji- 
THX-B, cB'bTJiHX'B BO^epoB'B, CB TpeBOFOft yBHA'^Jia, HTO OHH y«ce 
HacTajiH. TenepB, KorAa ona rujia cb cbohm'b ^ennxoMi), Ha 
Aoport nonaAajiHCB ea TOBapRH, KOTopHH, yBHA^B-B hx^b BMtcrt,. 
exHAHO yjiiiCajiHCB. 

Ha (|)a6pHK'b A'^BymRH CTajiH AOHHMaTB ee nacMiniKa- 
MH, HpoHH^ecRH cnpamHBaH, RorAa ate en CBaAB(3a, h npoBBajiH 
ee nacmytuKoUy oTToro hto aa Heft yxaacHBaerB BHyKTb a<aah 
ToMfia. 

BtAHaa PoceTa HcnHTHBajia BejiH^aftmyio TpeBory. ^ocra- 
HOTCH yacB eft! KorAa-nnCyAB HSBtcrie AoftACTi* h ao anyxa 
OTi^a. B-B 9T0 TO BpeMfl H cjiyHHJiocB, HTO BaTHCTB yBHAaJTB ee^ 
HAyn^yro no Aoporfe b-b oOmecTBt ToneTa. 

OAHaRo, HHHero xyAoro ne bhiujio. C^acrJiHBHft cjiyH[aft cb 
nojiHBRoft nojiH cnacB ee. BaTHcrB, paAyflCB, ^to ero aeaTBa 
BH* onacHocTH, orpaHHHHJica t^m-b, hto ntcKOJiBRo pas'B Bsrjia- 
Hyji'B Ha AOHB, cABHHyB'B 6poBH H HpeAynpeAHBi* ee moa-^ 



DPOUATOB nOJE. 183 

JieaHHM'B ABH»eHi6M'B yKasaiejibHaro nanbqa, hto6u snpeAb 
osa B03Bpaiii;ajiacb cb (|)a6piiKH o^Ha, ecjin He ^Kejiaerb no- 
JiyHHTb xopomefl BcxpenKH. 

H i^yK) HOA'i^JiK) OHa BOSBpamajiacb o^na. Toeerb 6oHJicfl 

COHbOpa BaTHCia H AOBOJIbCTBOBaJICH TibM'b, HTO CRpHBajica TA*^- 

HH6yAb b6jih3h AoporH, ^to6h cMorptTb na npoxoAHBrnyro npa- 
AHJibnpEi^ njin c^^OBaxb aa Hex) H3AajiH. 

O^HaHCAH bij BocKpeceHbe BenepoMij PoceTa, ycxaBX npory- 
jiHBaTbCfl BsaAi) n BnepeAi* ^esii jx'hjia, y ABepell noMa, bbajib, 
RyBQiHH'b H CKasajia naxepH^ hto no^Aerb aa BOAOft kii hcto^- 
HHKy KopojieBK. 

MaTb nycTHJia ee. HaAO »ce paaBJie^ibca GtAHoft A'feBym- 
Kt — H TaK'b-TO y Hea H-feTi* noApyrb, a MolHOAOCTb AOJi^cea ace 

B3flTb CBOe. 

HcTo^HHKi> KopojieBH CHJi-b ropAOCTbK) Bcero cejia. IIo 

CJIOBaifb IlHMeBTO, 3T0TI> HCTO'IHHR'b — MaBpHTaECKaPO UpOHCXO- 

acAema, a no MH'bHiio a^ah ToM6a, Koropoe OKh BUCKasKBajTb 
(yh TopatecTBeHHocTbK) opanyjia, 3to 6ujrb naMHTHmcb eme orb 
Tix-b BpeMOffb, KOFAa anocTOjnj cTpaHCTBOBajiH no cBiTy, ttoCh 
KpecTHTb pasHHX'b njiyxoB'b h neroAaoBTb. 

HcTOHHHK'b KopoJieBH npeAcyraBJiaji'b Hs-b ce&a ^[eTHpeyroJib- 
euQl BOAoeMi) CO CT'ibHKaMH Hdb noacejirbBmaro RaMHfl h bo- 
Aoft, CToani;eft nnate yposHa hohbh. Hyacno 6imo cnycTHTbC« 
R'b He^ BEHBi) no mecTH CTyneHbKait'b, BcerAa cROJibSKHic^ 
H aejieHuiTb oti> CKpocrn. Ha nepeAHefi crhBf^ RaMeHnaro 
npHMoyrojibHHRa BHAHtjica eapejibecl)!*, B'b ROTopoM-b hh- 
nero nejibBA 6njio pa3o6paTb. ^ojiacno 6HTb, 8to Ctuia Boro- 
poAH^a, ORpyacennaH anrejiaMH, rpy6oe h nanBHoe npoEBBOAe- 
Hie HCRyccTBa CpeAeHX-b B'bROB'b, ho ntROTopHa (|)HrypH 6hjih 
BOBce crepm, Apyria ate noRptiTH cjiocmi mxyRaTypRH, xaRi. 
^m) Ha RaidHJb MoacHO 6ujio pasrjiHA'i^Tb jmnib 6e3({)opMeHHH]ft 
oOpaai) aceamHHH — nopojieeu, AaBmef! hmh HCToqaHRy: Ropo- 
JieBH MaBpoBi), RaKT> HenpeM'bHHO AOJiaeno rjiacHTb BCHRoe cejn>- 
CRoe npeAanie. 

no BocRpeceHbHMi>, Be^epoMi), Tyr-b o6uRHOBeHHO 6HBajia 
AaBRa. B'b aTOTb Benepb BA^ch coCpaJiocb orojio TpHAi^aiH 
A'i^BymeR'b ci> RyBmnHaMH. KaacAStH H31> ehxI) acejiajia nepBaa 
nafipaTb boah, ho hhrto He cntniHJi'b yxoAHTb. Onb ToaRajincb 
no yaeHbROft jitcTHHi^'b, 3axBaTHBb k)6rh MeacAy nor-b, ^rroC'b 

HaRJIOHHTbCH H OnyCTHTb RyBmHHH B'b GOJIbOIOll Caccej^B'b^ 

noBepxHocTb ROToparo 6HJia noRpBira nysHpaMH. 

/ttByniRH, HaOpaBmia yace boah bi* cboh RyBmHHH, paacb- 
JiHCb BORpyrb CaccefiHa. 

UlyMHoe cCopnme y HCToiHHRa 3aMOJiRJio, yBHAaB-b Pocexy. 
SaH'i^M'b OTO npnmjia cK)Aa aTa nnn^eHRa? 

Pocera noRJiOHHJiacb AByM'b hjih TpeM'b A^BymRawb, roto- 



184 P7G0K0B BOrATOTBO. 

pHH BHtcTt cb Hero paOoTajiH na ^afipHKi; rfe, cHcaBij ry6n, 
eABa oTBtTHJiH efl Ha nomiOH'b h nponojiacajiH pa3roBopi>, KaK-B 
6yjsjo Hmero ne cjiy^iHJiocb. 

PoceTa cnycTHJiacB k'b HCTOHHHKy, HanojiHHJia boauA oboVl 

KyBmHH'B H, npHlIOAHHB'b TOJIOBy, OKHHyjia H31>-3a CTfeHfcl HC- 
TOHHHKa TpeBOHtHHMb B3rjIflA0MT> BCK) JS^JIWHJ. 

— CMOTpH ceCt... CMOTpH— OHT> Bce paBHO He npHflerb! 
8th cjioBa KpHKHyjia efl ^epnyniKa, njieMHHHHt^a IlHMeHTO, 

AiBymKa Aep3Ka)j, nepBHaji, ropAHBrnaaca rfeMTb, hto ona eAHH- 

CTBeHHaa AOHb, H HTO CH OTCI^'b He apeHAaXOp'b, TSlKL KdLKh 

qerape nojia, kotophh oEiy o6pa6aTHBaji'b, 6hjih ero nojiHof! 

COCCTBeHHOCTbro. 

— ^a, m — nycKafl 066* cmotpht-b cKOJibKo yroAHO, okl He 
npHAeri). Bchwh B^Ab H3B'fecTH0, Koro ona srhqtb — CBoero 
^eHHxa, BHyKa a^AH ToM6a. 

— BoTB TaKt napoHKa — nenero cKasaTb! 

H TpHAi^aTb ^ecTOKHXi> ycrb cMtiajiHCb, h cwhsumch xaK'b, 
TOHHo KycajiHCb, H He iioTOMy, hto6h caMHfl cromeirb hx-b o^enb 
3a6aBJiflji'b, a TOJibKo aJIh Toro, ^rro6n AocaAHTb Aonepn nena- 
BHCTHaro BaTHCTa. 

— IlacTymKa!.. Bo^KecTBeHHan nacTyniKa! 

PoceTa paBHOAyniHO noacajia njie^aMH. Hmero HHoro ona h 
He ^KAajia; npHTOM-b ace, nacMiniKH na (|)a(3pHK'fe yace npzTy- 

HHJIH en HyBCTBHTCJIbHOCTb. 

Ona B3flJia CBoitt KyBmnwh h CTajia noAHHMaTbCH BBepx'b 
no CTynoHbKaM'B. 

— OAHaKO, KaK'b 3Ta niaBKa npncacHBaeTC^! Tojibko Khvh: 
He BH^AeTB OHa BaMysKi) 3a BHyna jxsijib. ToM6a, — roBopHJia 
HepnyniKa. — XoTb ohb h ^Hec^acTHeHbRifi** h fojib, KaKTb co- 

KOJI'b, HO BCe me HOJlOB'feK'b necTHHfi, He nopOAHHTCH Gl> BO- 

poBCKoi! ceMbefl. 

PoceTa ^yxb ne BHpoHHJia KyBDiHHa h3'b pyK^b. Ona bchhx- 
Hyjia TaKofi ^pKofl KpacKofi, tohho 8th cjioBa, yAapHBi> ee no 

CepAI^y, 3aCTaBHJIH BCro KpOBb OTXJIHHyTb Kt JiHi^y, h TOT^aCb 

Sine ssiThwh no6ji'feAH'bJTa, KaK'b MepTBei^i>. 

— Kto Bopij? Kto? — cnpocHJia ona ApoacamHM'b rojiocoM-b, 
BH3BaBniHM'b cM^xi* y Bcfex-b A'feByineK'b. 

— Kto? TboK 0Teu;'b. JJflJi'h IlHMeHTo 9to xopomo H3- 

BtCTHO, a B-b TpaKTHpi TOJIbKO H pasrOBOpOBTb, ^TO 06t> 3T0MT>. 

Bti iiyMajiH, hto npomJioe ocTaneTca ckphthmb? Bh Otacajm 
HBT) CBoero cejia, noTOMy ^to Ohjih cjinmKOM'b xopomo h3- 

B^CTHH TaM-b; HBHJIHCb CKAa SaBJiaA^Tb T-feM-b, ^TO BaMB HO 

npHHaAJiemHTB. FoBopHTB Aaace, 6yAT0 cenbopij BaTHcrb bh- 

CHaCHBaJTb BB TJOpbMt 8a CBOH XOpOmifl JjfbjlEL.,. 

TaK'b Aepacajia CBoro ptnb ^epnyniKa, BHKjiaAHBaa Bce 
cjiHmaHHoe ero AOMa h na cejii— Bcro Jioacb, H3MHniJieHHyK) 



DPOKiflToa noJiB. 185 

oOhhhhmh saBcerAaTaaMii TpaKTHpa ^HapKa", — ittjiyro chub 
KJieBeTH, H3o6p'tTeHHyK) IlHMeHTO, KOTopHtt cb KhSRjiuwb pa- 
30Mi» HyBCTBOBajii> Bce MeHbine pacnojio^fteHia nanacTb jihi^om'b 
Ki* JiHixy Ha BaxHcxa h crapajica npecjitAOBaxb ero h yroMHXb 
uyrewb ocKop6jieHift. 

TsepAocTb OTu;a xoT^acb »ce npoaBHJiacb h bx Pocexi, xpe- 
nemymeft, sanHHaiomelicji on> CtineHCXBa, cb rjiasaMH, najiH- 

THMH KpOBbH). Ofla BHpOHHJia VL31> pyK'b KyBHIHH'b. Ofl'b pa3Jie- 
TfejICa B-b ApeOeSTH, oCjIHB'b BOAOfi CHA'feBinHX'b no 6JIH30CXH 

fltBymeK'b, KoxopHa xopoM-b npoxecxoBajiH, oCosBaB'b ee cko- 
THHOfl. Ho cxanex^ ona o6pamaxb BHHMaHie na xaKof! BB^opT^! 

— Mofl oxei^'b?.. — KpHiajia oea, nacxynan na jiepsKyio fl'fe- 
ByniKy.— Mofl oxeiii'b Bop'b? IloBxopH-Ka axo eme paa-b, h h pa- 
3o6bK) xee* BT* Apefiearn CaniKy. 

Ho ^epflyinKt He npninjiocb noBXopnxb cboh cJiOBa, xaKi) 
KaK-b npemAe, ^'hwb ona Morjia pacKpHXb pox-b, ona nojiy^HJia 
no JiHiiy yBicHCXHA yAapx, h najibi^H PocexH Bi^'fennjincb eft 
BTb Kocy. Hhcxhhkxhbho h ona cxBaxnjiacb 3a cb^xjihc bojioch 
npaAHJibmHaH, H HicKOJibKO Mnnyx-b npoAOJiHcaJiacb Oime- 
flaa noxacoBKa. Ho Pocext, KaKi* Cojite CHJibHofl hjih 6o- 
Jite B36i&nieHH0fl, y^ajiocb BtipBaxbcn naob pyK'b npoxHBHHi^H, 
H ona y«e coOpajiacb naHecxn eft ptmnxejibHuft yAap'b, xaKi* 
saR'b CBoCoAHo^ pyKoK yme cH^Jia A^pBBHHHHfl OamMaR'b cb 
Horn, KaKT> BApyrb npoHsoniJio nt^xo necjraxaHHoe, cxpamnoe, 
nosopHoe. 

Bes'b cjioBi) H npeABapnxejibHaro yroBopa, — KaK'b 6yAxo ne- 
HaBHCTb hxij ceMcficxBTb, Bct pt^H H npoKJiHxiiJ, pa3AaBaBmiacH 
AOMa, BHe3anHo npocHyjincb bt* hexi, — bc* A^ByniKH paBOMi* 
naOpocHJiHCb na AOHb Baxncxa. 

— BopoBKa, BopoBKa!.. 

H Pocexa HCHe3jia Bt Kynt rntBHO noAH^XHX'b pyK'b. JIhi^o 
6H noRpuJiocb i^apannnaMH, yAapn xaK^b h CHnajincb na nee, h 
nepeCpacHBaeMaa xo B'b xy, xo B-b Apyryio cxopony, ona. HaKo- 
Hei^T>, ynajia, CKaxHBniHCb BHHB'b no cxyneHbKaM'b, h yjiapn- 
Jiacb 3i6owb KaMeHHuK BUCTjirb. 

— KpoBb!.. 

9x0 cjioBo noAMcxBOBaJio, xohho KaMenb OpomeHHHfl B'b ^fi- 
peBo, yci^JiHHoe nxHqaMH. /^'^BymKH pa36']b^ajincb B'b pa3HHH 

CTOpOHH C% KyBmHHaMH Ha rOJIOBaX'b, H b6jIH3H HCIOHHHKa He 

^crajiocb HHKoro, KpoMt PocexH, Koxopaa, Cb pacxpenaHHHMH bo- 
tiiocaMn^ pasopBaHHHM'b njiaxbeMii, BHnaHKaHHHM'b KpoBbio n 
niMbK) JiHqoM-b, Cb njiaHeMi> nonjiejiacb AOMOfi. 

YBHAaBij AO'ib, BaxHcxi> no6jL'hjxB!hm>. Offb CA'fejiaji'b fffe- 
CKOJibKo maroBT> no Aopor'b, ycxpeMKBii BBrJiaA'b na H3(3y Hh- 

HeHXO, Kptinia KOXOpofl BUJX'hJISJlSLCh HB'b xpocxHHKa. 

Ho OBTb CAepSKajICa H KOH^HJI'b ThWby ^IXO CXaJI'b Hi^KHO 



186 PyOOSOl BOFATOTBO. 

OpaHHTb Ao^b CBOK). Cjiy^HBHieecH Hay^HTB ee He xo^HTb 6ojibnie^ 
no cejiy. Hm^ Haflo HBfitraTb scHKaro oonpHKocHOBeHia cb co- 

C^AHMH; APy^HO HTHXO AOJimHH OHH ^CHTb BIi CBOeil H86yiIIR'b 

H He yxoAHTb ex nojra, (Xtb KOToparo saBHCHTb Bce htl cy- 
mecTBOBanie. IIphath ;Ke Kh HHiix na aomx — KpecTbane ne^ 
ptmaxca. 



VI. 

IIpoxoAH MHMO MeJibHHi^ii KaAeHa, no Aoporfe, BeAyni;eK Kb 
MopK), — nocejiane yipoMX h BenepoMX cjiHmajiH hto-to BpoA^^ 
ryA^HbH ocHHaro rntsAa. 

MeAJieHHufi h OAHooGpasHHl!: mywby KOTopHl), RaaajiocB, 
Hecca Hsx 3a AepeBbeBX, hcxoahjtb hsx hikojih AOHa loaKHMa. 

HHKorAa eme SHanie ne nojibsoBajiocb xaKHMX nJioxHJi'b 
EOM'bmeHieM'b, xoth h Boo6me-TO oho p'feARo oOnTaeTB bo ABop- 
i^axx. 

TyTX oho npiioTHJiocb bx ciapoft Jiaqyrt, KyAa cBirb npo- 
HHKajiTb TOJibKo ^epest j^Bepb h pacmejiHHH b-b KpHmt; crbHH 

6hJIH COMHHTeJIbHOfl CijIHBHH, TaKT> KaK^b atCHa y^HTOJia, — 

TOJicxyxa, Koxopan ho^th ho BcxaBajia ch cojioMeHnaro cxyjia, 
ufkjiuti A^Hb HHHero ne A't^ian, jiamb BocxHu^aiicb h cjiyman 
cBoero My5Ka. — Bx hikoji* 6hjio Bcero HicKOJibKO cKaMeeK'b, 
ipH jiHcxa rpH3H0K, pBanofi aafiyKH, npHJitnjieHHofl kx cxd^fffe^ 
paB^eBaHHH&i'b xji'&6humi> MHKHineM'b. 

Bo BCeMX AOMHrnKt MO^HO 6HJI0 HaltXH JIHnib OAHy HOByi) 

Beniib: — rH6KyK) h KpinKyK) KaMHmeBKy, Koxopyro ynnxejib^ 
Aepacajix aa ABepaMH h nepes'b Ka^KAtie Asa jxaa whuajTb na. 
HOByio, Cjiaro eny HHiero ne cxohjio cptsaxb ee bx 6jiHatafi- 
meiTb xpocxHHK'b. 

Bx niKOjit OABa jih mo^cho 6hjio naflxH xpn khhskkh:-:- 
OAHffb h xoxi> 5Ke fiyKBapb xoahjix no BcfeMX pyKaM-b. Ho ^ero- 
sue CojibmeV SA'bcb npHM-feHflJiCH MaBpHxancKitt moxoax o6y^e- 
Hin: n-feme h noexopeaie ao T'fexT> nopx, noKa nocxoaHHHMi> aa- 
3y6piiBaHieMT> SHame ne BCHBajiocb bx Kp'fenKia tojiobh y^oHH- 

ROBX. 

H oxxoro ci> yxpa ao Be^epa bx cxapofl Jia^yrt padAana- 
Jiocb cKyHHoe saBHBaHie: ,0x... ^e... Hamx... nace... ecH... na^ 
neCecH... IIpecBJixaii A'^na... JlJBa^KAH ABa... nexHpe...** 

BpoMH oxT> BpeMOHH xopx A^xoil yMOJiKajix, H pasAanajicH 
Be.TiH^ecxBeHHHfl rojiocx Aona loaKHMa, HSJiHsaBmaro nepeA'B' 
HHMH noxoKX CBoero 3HaHia. 

— CKOJibKo A'feJi'b MHJiocepAia? 

— CKOJibKo OyAexx ABa bbx ceMH? 

yHHxejii. piAKO CHBajix AOBOJienx noJiyHeHHHMH oxB'bxaMH. 



nPOKJiflTOB nojii. 187 

— Bh BCh 6ojiBaHU — h cjiymaeTe mohji TBLKhy RaRii 6yziT0 ii 
roBopD Ha rpenecKOifB Hsuieb. A euie noAyMaTB, hto a cb^ 
BaMH o6paii](aK)Cb TaRi* yroH^eHHo-B'bHuiHBo, KaRii wb ropoA- 
CRHX'b rHMHasi^x'B, CTapaH)CB HayiHTb BacB xopomeMy 06x0- 
Hcj^emi) H yif^HBiD roBopHTb no-JiioACRH! H to npaB^a, ^ro BaM^ 
ecTb Ha Roro hoxoahtb — bh TaRie sue rpy6iflHHy Ranx h BaniH 
cmsfij ROTopne B'bHHo jiaioTC^, a, hm'^h Aenbrn na nocbu^eme 
TpaRTHpa, H8o6p4Tax)Ti> THMHH npeAJioroBt, wo6h no cy66o- 
TaiTb He ynjiaxHTB mh6 ABa cenrHMa sa niRojiy. 

H owb xouMJi'h BsaA'B H BnepeAi> no ROMHari^, HcnojiHeHHH^ 
HeroAOBamH. 

OAtrb OHX 6Hjnb RaRi^-TO CTpanno: cHHsy, na noraxx, y 
Hero 6HJIH HaA^Tn pBaHHH njiexeHRH vlb'b BepeBOR'B, BcerAa 
Wb rpA3H, naHTajioHBi crapHH^ nojiynjiHCOBNH; pyRH ero 6ujin 
mapmaBHH, ^KeciRlH, Ho Bsepxy cRaauBajiCH ceHBopi>, h bha- 
Ho 6EIJ10 „3BaHie cBAni;eHHOCJiymnTejiH npocB'6iii;eHiH^, KBKh 
owb BBipa^cajicH, — TO, TTO ero oTjinnajio otb Bcero nace- 
jiemH AepeBHH: HMenno, necTputt rajicTyxx na rpyAH rpaaHoft 
pyOaxH, AJiHHHHe, meTHHHCTHe ycH, A^JiHBinie nonojiaMt 
RpacHoe JiHi^o, cb tojictnmh ii^eRaMH, h rojiyOafl ({)ypa»eRa 

CTb RJieeH^aTHMI> ROBHPBROM'B — naMJlTb 06'b OAHOft HB^B MBOrHXT> 

AOJiscHocre^, ROTopnn ohii saHHiiaJi'B bi* cBoetl ^h3hh, nanoji- 

HeHHOd npHRJIDHeHiHMH. 

Oaho tojibro aTO h yrfemajio ero b'b ropecTHOft hchshh — 
Bi> oco6eHH0CTH HCB rsjicTyx'B, ROToparo hhrto He hochji'b bo 

BCefi ORpeCTHOCTH, H ROTOpHM'B OH'B morOJIHJI'B, RaRl» BHaROM-B 

BHCOHaflmaro OTJiHHi^, HtMT>-TO Bpojsfh AepeBeHCRaro 3ojioToro 
Pyna. 

Hero TOJIBRO ne bha'^'b btott> ^anoBtRTb!.. Fa* tojibro 

He CrpaHCTBOBaJTb!.. BhJTB OH'B H ^KeJI'bSHOAOpOHCHHM'B cjiyHca- 
lAHlfB, 6H3rb ^HHOBHHROITB HO c6opy HOAaTBlK Wb CaMHX'B OTAa- 

JieHHHx'B npoBHHi^iax'B HcnaniH; xoahjix Aame cjiyxi*, 6yAT0 

0H1» SaHHMaJI'B AOJI^HOCTB HOJIHI^ellCRarO B'B AMepHR'b— CJIOBOM'By 

aroTij HejiOB'bR'B CTosurb RorAa-To bhcoro, a aaT^MX cnycTHjic^ 

BHHB'B. 

H RyifymRH cejia yBa»ajiH ero, Kssiy BUAaH)marocH nejiOB'bRa, 
HTO, oAHaRo, He iflbniajio nwb homhofo nocM'bnBaTBCH na^'B ae- 

JieHHITB RaaaRHHOlfB (TB RJri^THaTHMH ({)aJIAaMH, ROTOpBid OWb 

HaA'^BajTB no npasAHHRaM'B, Ror^a n'bJi'B aa no8AHe£t oO'&AHett 

Wb I^epROBHOM'B XOp'b. 

HyncAft aarHajia ero, Bici^crb cb rpoMoaARoft TOJiCTyxoft-ate- 
Hofl, Wb 9T0 cejio, RaRi* Morjia sarnaTB n B'B Apyroe m*cto. 
Sa^cb OH'B noMorajiiy cejiBCROMy ceRpeiapK), RorAa y Toro ORa- 
dHBajiHCB HpeaBH^a^HHH aaHiiTiH, — ^npnroTOBJiHji'B hb'b h3b*ct- 

HHX'B TOJIBRO eMy TpaB'B CHaA06Ba, TBOpHBHIlH HyABCa B'B Ae- 

pesyniRaxi), tbr'b RaRi* scb npHaHasajiH ero aa o'leHB anaw- 



188 pyCGKOB BOFATOTBO. , 

u{a%o ^ejiOBiKa; 6e3Tb BCHKaro ;^MnjioMa y^Hxejia, ho aa to 
H 6e3'B cxpaxa, hto y Hero oTHHMyrb niKOJiy, ne jiaiomyi) 
ji,2L7Re Ha xJi'&C'b, owh ilyTeMT> 3y6peHiH h y^apoBi) RaMHnieBRH 
AofiHBajicH Toro, ^To yneHHRH ^HTajiH no CKJIa;^aMI>, h bT) 
niKOJi'i cMHpHo npocHHCHBajiH Th caMHH pe6aTa orb hhth ff,o 
AecHTH ji'hT'b, KOTopHH Bt npasflHH^HHe ahh CpocaJiH KaifeHB- 
HMH n't ETHi^Tb, TacKajiH (|)pyKTH HBTb caAOB-B H npecji'^AOBajiH 
€06aK'b Ha npoceJio^AHx-L yjiHi^ax'b. 

KancAoe cjiobo, Koxopoe ero y^enmcH njioxo BHroBapHBajiH 
(a OHH HH oOToro He BHroBapHBajiH xopomo), BHSHBgyio y 
;^oea loaKHMa ^pH^a/^KH rfitBa, sacTaBJiJia cb HeroAOBaHieM-B 

B3AHMaTB pyKH KBCpxy, TaKTb ^TO OH'b KacaJICH HMH 3aKon- 

^eHHaro noxojiKa Jia^yrn. Bojite Bcero rop^HJica AOHB-IoaKHMX 
yTOHHeHHocTLK) cBoero oCpameHia ch y^eHHKaMH, KOTopuxt to h 
fltjio BejiH^aJi-B ceHbopaMH. 

— Bh flOJiaCHH, CeHbOptl, CMOTpiTb Ha .9Ty CKpOMHyK) jia- 

^yry, — opaxopcTBOBajTb AOH-b-IoaKHMTb nepej^T* xpHwaxbH) pe6H- 
THiHKaMH, cjiymaBuiHMH ero co CMtcbio CKyKH H cxpaxa ne- 
peflB KaMHinoBKoft, — KaK'b Ha xpaMB ynxKBocTH H yxoH^ieH- 
Haro oCpaiuieHia. Hxo h roBopio, xpaMBl 8xo apidft CBixoH'b, 
KoxopHfi cBepKaexT> h pa8roHaexi> MpaKTb BapBapcxBa B'b cejrfe. 
Hxo 6HJ1H 6h bh 6e3i Mena? A xenepb bh, cb noMoni;bi) 
Bo;Kieft, bhUah oxcioiia, Cy^exe jiioAbMH, KaK'b cjiiflyexTb, h 
cyMtexe BcroAy xopomo BHKaaaxb ce6a, noxoMy ^rro hm'^jih 
c^acxbe BcxpixHXb xaKoro y^Hxejia, KaK'b mohh, ho npaB- 

M JIH?.. 

Jl'hTK OXBinaJIH yCHJieHHHMH KHBKaMH rOJIOBH. 

HnorAa cjiHmajicH bobji* h36h OAHoo6pa3HHft sBom> 6y- 
fien^HKOB'b, H BCH) niKOJiy oxeaxHBajio paAocxnoe Bojineme. 3xo 
npH6jiH5KaJiocb cxaAO jifljin ToM6a, a yneHHRH snajiH, hxo kofab 
aBJiaexcH cxapHfi nacxyx-b co cbohm'b cxaAOMT*, — na hxi* aojih) 
BHuaAaexb ^aca Asa oxAHxa. 

JljoH'b-IoaKHM'b ^yBcxBOBaJi'b Cojibuiyro CHMnaxiro Kb cxapoMy 
nacxyxy, xaKi* MHoro BHA'^BmeMy h BHaBmeMy. YcfeBniHCb 
BABOOM'b Ha cKaMeflKt y ABepefl jia^yrn, yHHxejib h nacxyxB 
npHHHMajiHCb Cojixaxb h pascyacAaxb o BCiiKOfl BCH^iHHt, bh- 
BHBaa MdJi^ajiHBoe yAHBJieme AOHbH-Ioce(|)H h cxapnmx'b y^e- 
HHKOB'b, oKpyjKaBHiHX'b cKaMbH), hxo6h Hocjiymaxb, ^ewb 

nacxyxi* 5KajioBajica na xenepeniHia njioxia BpeMena bb 
HcnaniH, cooCnuaJi'b pascKaBH JiHi^Tb, npHCHBmnx'b hb'b BajieHcm, 

rOBOpHJl'b XOM'b, HXO EJIOXOO npaBHXOJIbCXBO BHHOBaXO B'b 

njioxHX'b w^axBax'b, h BcerAa Konnaji'b oAHHM'b h xtMTb Hce npn- 
H'bBOM'b: 

— MoH BpeMena, aha« loaKHMi*, 6hjih coBctMi* Apyria. Bh 
He BHajiH Hx^b, HO H Bame BpeMa 6hjio Jiy^me xenepemnaro. 



npoKJiJiTOi aoju. 18d 

KpyroMt Bce craHOBHTca xyace h xyate. Hero tojibko ne ysH- 
jsflTb BTH MaJiHmn, Koraa BHpacTyrLl 

SarbicB HaHHHajiHCB necKOHHaeMue paacRasH o tom'b, RaRi> 
0HT> y^acTBOBaJit BTb napTHsaHCKOM'b OTp^A* 0paujK^y cpa- 
msLUCA CTb (|)paHixy8aMH, h o tom'b, crojibro ohI) hx^ co6cTBeH- 
HopyHHO yjioacHJTb, npnneM'B hhcjio ^epTBt pocjio cb Ram^HM'B 

paBOlifB. 

Ho ^KaJioOHoe 6jieaHBe OBeqi: npHBJioRajio, naROHeq'B, BHSMa- 
Hie y^Mxejia. 

— CeHBopH MOH, — RpHHaji'B offb flepBRHM'B pe6HTHraRairB, 
OAHOBpeMeHHo XBaxaHCB 3a RaMHoieBRy: — Bch CH)Aa! He BOo6pa- 
acaere jih bh, hto mo:kho i^tjiHW achb iipoboahtb b'b nrpax-B 
H pasBJieHemHX'B? Sa'^^cb HaAO paCoxaTB. 

H ^to6bi AORaaaxB axo coCcxBeHBHM'B npHM'bpoM'B, oh-b h30 
Bci^xit CHJTB MaxajTi) RaMHmeBROd, saroHHH bt> oBHapHio BHamn 
craAo paanrpaBiimxeH majiyHOBT>. 

— Ob Bamero noBBOJieniH, Jiajifl ToM6a. Mh npo6oJiTajiH cb 
BaifH 6ojiBine AByxx ^acoB-B. Si AOJiaten'B npoAOJiacaxB ypoR-B! 

KorAa cojiHi^e caAHJiocB, a*th ntjiH nocjrfeAHifi thmh'b, 
OjiaroAapa rocnoaa 3a to, ^pto Ohi* ^hsjihjtb na hhx'b CBoft 
CB'ferB". KaatAHfit Cpaji-B cBofl nycxoft MtmoR'B jiJia 'hjm, TB,Kh 
RaR'B, BCjrfeACTBie 6o:ibnmxT> paBCToaHifl, a^th yxoAHjiH ii3i> 
AOMy CB npoBHsieflt, 'itoCh npoBecTH i^tjitrit a6hb bte> mROJit. 
H BpaPH AOHa loaRHMa roBopHJin AstHce, hto ofb BecBMa crjio- 
HeHi> HaRasHBaTB yqeHHK0Bi> oTHHTieM^ y hhx'b qacTH hx'b sa- 
nacoBTb, hto6h xaRHM-B nyreM'B BocnojiHaTB npoOtJiH B'B CTpanffb 

AOHBH l0Ce({)H. 

B'B rpynn'b y^eHHKOB'B, nyTB rotophx'b Jieatajn* no Aopor-b 
B'B AjiB6apaH, — 6hjih h Tpoe CHHOBefi BaTHCTa. ^jih hhx'b o6- 
paTHBifl nyxB aomoA nacTo npeBpamajica b'b^ nyTB ropenn h MyR'B. 

BdHBHIHCB 8a pyRH, BCfe Tpoe m JIH n08aAH OCTajIBHHX'B peOHTB,. 

nojiBBOBaBniHXCH BCHRHiTB cjiy^aeM'B, ito6h saA'^BaxB hx'b. 

J],Ba CTapmnx'B cuHa Baxncxa yi^JiH 3ani;Hni;aTBCH h, nojiy- 
'iHB'B B'B CHXB'b 6ojn>niee hjih iceHBrnee ROJinnecTBO chhhrob'b, 
BBixoAHJiH nep'^AKo jxB^e nod'bAHxejiHMH. Ho MjiaAmii^t, Ha- 
CKyajieTB, noJiHeHBRil!, RpacHoni;eRitl MajiH)TRa, RoxopoMy 6hjio 
Bcero JiHHiB HHTB Ji'fex'B, H ROToparo MaxB CoroTBopHJia 8a ero 

RpOTOCTB H H'b^HOCTB, HOAHHMaJI'B CTpamHHlS peBX BCHRIK paS'B, 

KaRi» 6paTBa BcxynajiH B'B 6HTBy cb TOBapnncaMH. 

KaacAHft Be^ep'B, JinniB tojilro aoh'b loaRHMi*, CTOflBmifl na 

nopOI^ mROJIH, HCHeBajTB H3'B BHAy, pfl6aTHniRH HaHHHaJIH CRa- 

KaTb BORpyPB Tpex'B CpaxBCB-B, CO cM'bxoMT> roHaacB 3a hhmh, 
anneM'fepHo crapaacB noraaAHTb no roaoB'fe, a Ha caMOM-B 
jsfkjrh ToaRaa h ponaa B'B Raaaji'B, npoxeRaBmU! na Rpas) ao- 
porH. 

— Boph! BopH! 



190 PyOOKOB BOtATOTBO. 

dia luieseTa, Bujijua.BBBsi aparaMH OTixa, BUBOAHJia Ed's ceCa 
<iHHOBefi BaiHcra. 

JSfioe crapniHTB, GpocHB'b IlacKyajieTa, KoropuH, njiana, npn- 
TajicH 8a cTBOJioM'b AepeBa, xBaxajiH cb 3eMJiH RaMHH, h cpa- 
^enie HaHHHajiocb cpe^n AoporH. 

KaMHH JierkiiH bi* B'bxKH ^epeBbeB'B, cOnBan cb hhxii JiHOXBy 
H yAapHflCb CTBOJiH h o CyrpH Aoporn; aepeBeHCKia coCaKH 
BHCtrajiH CB oacecTo^eHHHM'B JiaeM-B, npHBJieneHHHa myMOM-B 
6opb6u, a meHiAHBu ci> nopora aomobi» noAHHMajm pyRH Kb 
fle6y, ci> HeroAoaaHieM'b BocKJini^aa: 

— KaTOpMCHHKH, ^epTHl 

Cpa»eeHie ROH^ajiocb Jinmb TorAa, Kor^a Kaso^-miCyAb npo- 

^3»eill B03HHK'b BHXBaTUBajI'b RHyTB, HJIH ^6 H3'B fijIH^HeiK 

h36h BHXoAHJi'b ciapHK'b CB peMfleM'B Bb pyKaxi> — H TorAa 
HanaAaDiAie yO'i^raJiH, cxpamacB, hto6h aoh'b loaKHM'b He 
y3Haji'b ofi'b HXTb npoA'feJiK'fe. 

MeMCAy T'feM'B, Tpoe fipaxbeBTb iipoAOJi5KajiH CBOft nyxb, none- 
<5HBaa CHHJiKH, nojiyHeHHHe b'b CaxB*. 

OAHaacAH Be^epoM-B OtAHan mena BaxHcxa npnniJia b-b yacacB, 

yBHAaBl> Bl) RaKOM'B COCXOAHiH BepHyJIHCb ea MaJIbHHKH. 

Ha Bxcxi* paa-b cpaHtenie 6hjio xaacKoe. Ax-b, ohh paafiofl- 
hhkh! JlBoe cxapniHX'b 6hjih B-b KpoBH h b'b cHHaKaxt — ^boiab 
He cxojib Bamnaa, ho 3a xo MajiroxKa bumokb cb hofb ao ro- 
jioBH, ropbKO HJiaKajiT* H ApoacajiB orb Hcnyra h xojioAa. 

^CecxoKie inKOJibHHKH cxojiKnyjiH ero wh KanajTB, h Cpaxba 
BHxaiuiHJiH ero oxxyAa, Bcero noKpHxaro nepnofl h JiHHKoft 
rpasbH). 

Maxb yjio^HJia ero B'B nocxeJiB, ho 6'j^AHara npoAoai^ajTb 
Apo:acaxb h B'b ea oCtaxiax'b: 

— MaMa, MaMal... 

— TocnoAH, Aafl HaMB xepntnie!.. Hacb, bhaho, BcfexB pt- 
inHJiH 3ary(5HXb SA^cb. 

{OnoHHauie cjiTbdyerm), 



H3T> nepenn6KH Fjitda yeneHCKaro. 



n03HaR0MHJ[CH S. JIH^HO CI PjOT. Hb. ycneHCKHMl TOJIBKO 61 Ha- 

^aji% 1883 roj^a^ Kor;^a mu yse j^aeao sHajiH ;tpyrb j^pyra, sasi 
nncaTejiH Ilepe^'B aTHSfi Tpn roAa a nposejii bi BocTO^Hofi Gh- 
<(HpH, a Bi ceHHAecflTuxi ro;i;ax'E, zorjifiL a 6£[Baj[i, ^acxLio A&se 
3EHBajn» Bi neT6p6yprt, YcneHCKiS shjh to sa rpaHHi^eH), to b% 
AepeBH^y H BOTpiTHTBCA Haiii He npHmjioGB. TenepL se hi Hanajift 
1883 ro^a mbi bctp^thjihgi bi pe^asi^iH ^OTe^ecTBeHHuxi SaoH- 
coB'E^ H y G. H. KpHBeHKa h CKopo cTajiH 6j[H8Khmh npiflTejiflHH, 
Tasi wro BOSHHsmaH Ha no^Bi axoS 6jih80cth nepenHCRa saKJUonajia 
Bi^ ce6t wpTU AynieBHofl shbhh ycoeHCKaro, HHiioniiH 6iorpa$H- 
^ecKifi HHTepeci. nocoB^TOBaBinHCB gt» TOBapnii^aMH, ROTopue mo- 
ryri 6e3apHCTpacTH'66 nenjc oi^tHHTB HHTepeci hhso npe^^Jiarae* 
Jiuxi BBHHEHiK) ^HTaxejiefi HHoeMi Pje. Hb. ycnencRaro, h nojiy- 
?HB% nooH^penie oti hhxi ;^jih ony6j[HROBaHia, a c^HTaio nysHsiHi 
npeAdooJiaTB h^crojibro noacHflTejiBHux'B saMtqanid. 

IlHCBHa o6ieMj[i)rB nepio^i oti 1883 ao 1889 ro^a. Ha^ajiBHaa 
^aTa nepenHCRH o6'BHCHaeTCfl naqajiOHi SHaROHCTBa. ycnencRifi 
yMepi Bi 1902 roj^y, ho ci 1892 r. cxpa^aji'B tI^mi Hy^HTejiBHuati 
HeAyroHi, ROTopufi OTHJijii ero renifi y po;i;Hoft jiHTepaxypu h sa- 

T^lfL CBOJH B'B HOrHJiy. 3a 8TH J^eCHTB JitT'B CXpaAaJIBHeGROfi iSHSHH 

s HH^K) orb ycnencRaro BGero tojibro RopoTeHBRyD Ha;i;nHGB na 
^OTorpa^iH, GHATOfi yse b% 6ojiBHHixt h noMtqeHHOfi 26 ORTAfips 
1894 r., — ero nocji^j^HiS y Mena aBTorpactii. nepej^i HBHBufB o6Ha- 
pysenieiTB ero 6ojitdHH, a ABa ro^a npoBeJii bi GipaHCTBOBaHiaxi 
no AajiBHOHy BocTORy h TponnqecRofl AbIh, noHOBOJi'b npepBaBi 
^HomeniH gi poahhod. Ki Tony me, yise bi 1890 r. ycneHGRJS 

6HJII CHABHO HepBHO 6oJieH'B, CTpaffaJEl raJIJIDI^HHai^iJiMH H Bejii 

^ojrito yeAHHeHHuft ofipasi shshh. TaRHHi o6pa80M'B^ Rone^HaH A^Ta 
dTHxi DHGeMi saBepmaerB go6oio noGJitAHee BpeMJt noGJi^AHflro 
iSB^TJiaro Hepiojia sh8hh namero BejiHRaro nHGaxejifl. 

Oti yGnencRaro k nojtyqaji'B iinoro HHGeMi, ho 6ojihmev) qaGTBi) 
dTO 6ujih RoporeHBRia BauHCRH, HHRaRoro 6iorpa$HqeGRaro SHaqenifl 



192 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

He HifiioiipA, ecJEH He c^htbtb TaKHHi SHa^emeHi o6HapysHBaeMyi) 
BHH xpoHB^ecKyio HysAY Bi jifiBhTATh, HaHiH ^HHaHGOBUJC onepai^iH, 
Bnpo^eMi, 6ujH o^enB cKpoMHaro MacinTa6a, 6ojiBnieK) ^acxBio oti 3 h 
He 6ojiBnie 10 p. KoHe^HO, 8TH sanHCO^KH, Basi h HHorowcjieHHUfl 
ysaaaHifl na scTpi^H, cBBAaHix h np., s ne coxpaHHjn, OTSJiaAUBaji 
jiHmB 6ojiie coAepsaTejiLHUH. TasHXi HamJiocL Bcero ^eTupnajimaTL sa 
ceMB JiirE... OiAiJiBHO npo^HTaHHUJi na SHa^HiejiLHOH'b paaoToaHiH 
spyrB OTh Apyra, 8th nnoBifa He ooTaBJixjiH tjlj6ojsato Bne^aTJitHiJi. 
Ton ysaci naABHraDii^eftcfl 6ojit8HH, soTopufi Bien oti HHornxi 
HBi HHxi, Torjua He 6ujD['b Tasi saiftTeHi, aoioMy ^[to repeal sa- 
Kofi-HH6yAB A^HB, Apyrofi noojii My^HxejibHaro nHCLHa, YoDeHCKifi 
BBJifljicfl TiMi ace BecejuMi h ocTpoyMHUMi oo6ectAHHkoH'E, 08a- 

pflBmBMl BOe CBOHMl CBtoJEUMl DMOpOHl H SaCiaBJIJIBniHM'E 8a6BI- 

BBTB eipaAajiB^ecBifl crpoKH, nepe^i i^m npo^HiaHHux. TenepB 
se 8TH HHCBMa, noHin^eHHUff ojuho 8a ApyrHMi h ooBtn^eHHUJi no- 
oj[iAyK)niHHH co6£iTiflHH, npiodptiaiOTB 6iorpa$Hqecsifi HHTepeci, 
sasi npOApoMU HaABHraioiii;arocfl poKOBoro ne^yra. 

ECJIH p^AOMl Cl 8THBiH npeABtoTHBKaMH 6ojiteHH, JIHmHBmeft 

pyooKyK) jiHTepaTypy o^Horo hsi spynBtftinHxi ea npeACTaaHTejefi, 
qHxaTejiB HafiA^TB bi bthx'b cxposaxi YcDeHCKaro hobua ^epTu, 
^To6u oxapasTepHSOBaxB AynieBHyD ^HOToiy h H^sHyK) 8a6oTJiHBOCTB 
Exi aBTopa, He 8a6uBaioii];aro nyxAi^ TOBapHHi;efi h BCHEaro ^eJio- 
Bt^ecKaro cyn^ecTBa, to t^hi Jiyqme ohi AopHoyeTi vh cboomi 
npeACTasjieHiH npespacHiifi o6pa8'B namero, laKi desBpeiieHHO h 
Tparn^ecEH, yMOJismaro HHcaxejiH. 

J(axH Ha HHCBHaxi 7caeHCBifi cxaBEJH o^eHB pt^RO. Bi niso 
xopBixi cjiy^aaxi a BHOxaBJiHjri x^xy npn noJiy^eHiH; bi APyrnx'B 
npHmjiocB ycxanoBHTB xpoHOJioriK) no pasHHifi coo6paseHiflH'B. Hsi 
^exupnaAi^aTH coxpaHHBmHxca y Mena nHceiii YcneHCKaro, a ne 
noMiH^aio HHse naxH: xpH He6ojiBniia npiaxejiBcsia sanHOKH ce 
npHrjiameHieHii safixH, 8anHCKy BumeyaoHaHyxaro ^HHancoBaro 
xapaKxepa h He6oJiBmyH) sanHCKy 061 asaHct bi ^CiB. BicxHHsf ^ 
Koxopaa noxpe6oBajia 6u ajkhhhux'b KOHJueHxapleBi, 8a^gb e^Ba sb 
no^xoAan^Hxi. 

Csasy eHi;e h^ckojibko cjeobi nepBom naoBui. Oho aBjiaexca 
OTBByKOMi 6ectAU5 npoHcxoAHBmefi nasaHyHi wh HameMi neOoJiB- 
mowh o6Hi;ecTBi. Kpont YcneHCKaro h Mena, 6ujih MaxafljiOBcsifl 
H niejiryHOBi, 6uxb Hosexi, h en^e Kxo-HH6yAB. Bo speMa 6ects,hi, 
KocayjiHGB Majiopoccia h MasopocciaHi. yoaeHCKift, BOCQHXBiBaB- 
mifica Vh ^epHHroBCKofi rHHHaBlH h noxoMy HejtypHO SHasoMut c!b 
6£ixoB£ii[H ^epxaMH HOHX^ yspaHHCKHxi i.MJiaKOB'B, Haqajii pascsa- 

BUBaXB paSHHe BHHSOAII HBI CBOHXI qe33HrOBCKHX'B BOOnOMHHaHifi, 

Koxopue cHa^aJia BusuBaJiH o6nUfi c itxi, a noxom HtcsojibKO 
yxoMHJiH, H a aa^ajTB no^aBaxB penjiBKH, 6yjiyqH, k^b xony se, hsi 
^HOJia npHcyxcxBOBaBniHX'B eAHHCXBOHHufl HajiopoccB. He a h hhkto 
Bffh npHcyioxBOBaBniHX'B He c^Hxajii, qxo6u y cneHCKiS iieHa oSha'^ji'b. 



H81 npinEOKH Tji«BA yonHOKAro. 198 

OAHaKO, Ha ojrtA7Dii^ift jifiEh Jt nojfy^Hjrb noRasHHoe iihcbho. Sx^ob 
ecTB yse h ooujike hh HepsHoe pasoTpofloTBO, h noRasHHoe Ha- 
orpoeme, otojib xapaKTepHCXH^Hoe BaoojrtAOTBiH ffjui ero Heflyra. 

HHCbMA rjl. HB. yCDEHCKArO. 

JW 1 (1883). 

Ceprdbfl KHROJiaeBHH'b! H B^epa HaroBopnJTb BaBfL Raico£t-TO 
epyHAN, He cepAHxecB jih Bh? Bh, no«ajiyflcTa, He oSpamaflTe 
BHHMama Ha moh) 6ojitobhh) h BHaflTe, ^ro boitb HiieHHo orb 
TaKoro-TO HepBHaro paacTpoftcTBa a h Jii^ycb. ByAbTe, noacajiyfl- 
cra, CHHcxoflHTejibHH Kb aTOMy. BorL no^eny a npeAnoHHTai) 
Bi» TaidH MHHyTH 6hti> oahhii hjih ybsneaTb Wh AepeBHi). He 
AyifaK), OAHaKO, hto6h a Mort HiMt-HHfiyAb cepbesHO Bacb 
ocKopCnxb, noTOMy hto yBaataro BacT> HCKpenHo h roBopro bto 
6e3'h BcaRHX'b (j[)OKycoB'b. H, cTajio 6HTb, hto a Mory HirfcTb 
npoTHB'b BacTb? HanpoTHB-b, Bh o^enb Ao6pH ro mh*, h a Bairb 
rayOoRo sa 9To OaaroAapeffb. Cxaao 6HTb, HH^ero h wbTb. 
EcjiH ace bt> caMOJvb dnAfb a Baci> oCha^JTB, — npomy HBBHHHTb 
MH* OTb HHcraro cepAi^a. 

' Bam'b r. ycneHCRifi. 

H, ecjiH MoacHo, ocraBHTb Bce aTO Ceai^ Majrb^tmaro bhh- 
Maaia. 

M 2 (1884). 

MHJiHfi Moft H Aoporoflt Ceprfefi HnROJiaeBH^'b, Bany^HJi'b a 
Bacb CBOHMH AoaraMH h sa^MaMH, ho cRopo, CKopo Bce 6yAerb 
yjiaaeeno xopomo. HpiiBacaflTe ro mh4. HocMOTpHirb HeRpacoB- 
cRyro Aft^y. ROTopaa Tenepb OTAaexca co Bcero npeBocxoAHOi) 
MeCejibK), o6cTaHOBROil h CTopoateMii aa 15 pyS. e^ MTbcn^h, fl 
6h TOT^acb nepe'^xajTb na Bameifb MicT* cb 3. M. h Koaett. 
B-b neTep6yprb ocna, a cRopo fiy^erb h xoaepa. J^a^ Moacexe 
noRHHyTb, RorAa yroAHo, npoacHBexe M*ca^'b, Asa, xpn. Ecan 
y Bacb ecTb naMipeme Hanaib, to npitaatatoe ceHnacb^ noxoMy 
HTO ce^Hacyb a Aona (m. e, e^ CnffpuHticuxTb, &b dqpeenn), A. B. *) 
B'b neTep6yprfe, a to h mh* npi^A^Tca yhxaxb B'b nexep6yprb na 
r^'feayio HOAiai). Ilpi'teacaflxe noacaayficxa. Bam'b F. ycnencRlfl. 

JW 5 (1885). 

/],oporofl Ceprfefl HHRoaaeBH^-b! 

AHreai> Mofil fl xaRi. yacacHO paacxpoeHTi AyxoMi* Boo6n;e 
Bce nocjrhAHee Bpena, a ceroAHa ao xoro y6HXi> h HSMy^effb, 
Hxo ptmHieabHO roxoB'b naaoacHXb Ha ce6a pyRH; ROHenno, ne 
Haaoaty, ho Moe AynieBHoe cocroame ymacHO noHCTHHt, roBopi) 
Baiii). noBtpbxe mh* Bora paAH, hto a HcnuTHBaH) aACRia Myne- 
Hia, ROxopHXTb HHRxo He HMtexb noHaxia. fl HMRajEfb He Mory 

*) Cynpyra ycnencKaro. 
H 7. Or^tjTB I. 13 



194 pyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

npHOTH, p'bmHTeJiBHO He Mory! IIpocTHre me mohh no^Kajiyficra, 
pEAH Bora. 

Bain's r. ycneHCKia. 

M 4 (1885). 

3lK)6eBi£h^un1\ CeprM HeROJiaeBH^'b! 

Bhjih-jih Bu y Hhr. Kohct. MHxafiJiOBCRaro? Ecjih Bh He 
6HJIH, TO BOTb OFO npocb6a, ROTopyx) AOJi»eeHi> Ch Ghjix nepe- 
AETb BaM'b H, ecjiH 6u y moha 6hjio speMa aaC'b^aTb ri> 
BaMiiy — HO a npo6uJi'b xaifb Bcero H'j^crojibro nacoBX. 

Oh'b neejiaerb, ^to6u Bh npnonajiH eMy nncbMo MapRca h 
CTaibK) Bo6opHRHHa jVJJi Toro, ^itoGh nanHcaTb (HeaaBHCHMo 
OT'b Bameft craTbH) bi> „PyccRiH BtAOMOCTH". 3to o^eHb xo- 
pomo H no^KajiyHcTa HcnojiHHTe ero npocbfiy. HaflofiHo ate, hto- 
6h oH-b, HaROHei^'b, nanajib pa6oTaTb. CKopo 6yAy B'h IleTepOyprt 
HaAOJiro H paayMteTca yBHAHMca. Bannb F. ycnencKifl *). 

Cea^acb nojiy^fflji-b orb CoCojiescRaro TOJierpaMMy — oH'b 
CyAerb y Mena B'b jcy66oTy, — npitAeT'b h Hhr. KoHCTanr., 
npitaacajaxe h Bh noJKajiyftcTa — npoBeAeMii 1 AeHb RaRT* hh- 

6yAb. 

HoacajiyftcTa. 

Bam-b r. ycnencRift. 

OBHSATEJIbHOE nOCTAHOBJIEHIE. 

C'b Ha^ajia TeRymaro ocenHaro ceaona RaacAHfl JiHTepaTopi, 
HAyuufi HJiH ijiymift R'b ApyroMy JiHTepaiopy B'b rocrn, o6a- 
BHBaeTca saxoAHTb Mm aataacaTb no nyiH B'b KaROfl-JiH6o bhh- 
HHja norpeC'b h noRynaxb CyrHJiRy, hjih ab*, CMOTpa no cocToa- 
mro, BHHa, Rpacnaro nan d-feaaro, TaR'b KaR-b Rypcb pyfiaa 
ynaa'b nnate RapMana uiTanoB'b, h noTOMy HHOPAa B'b RapMaH'6 
coBepmeHHO nniero ne oRasuBaeTca. 

•M 5 (1885). 

floporofl CeprM HnRoaaeBHH'b! Heabsa MH-fe npi'bxaTb B'b 
neiepfiyprb ao xixb nop-b, noRa a ne OROH^y BC'bx'b MOHX'b 
BA'bniHHX'b A'^JTb C'b aaBo^HHRaMH, naoTHHRaKH H T. A. Bee 
8T0 OROHHHTca Ha AHax'b, T. e. HHRBJCb Hnpo^OM-b He paHbme 
RaR-b ^pea-b neAtaro h R'b 1-My ort. a 6yAy y^Ke B'b IlHTep'fe. 
R'b TOMy ace 1-My ort. a h ynaaxy npoHSBOAy Aoara. Hto Bh 
Ro MH'b He BBAyMaeie npi-fexaTb? Ho ecan RomeaoR'b Banrb ne 
onycTomeHb npn MoeM-b coA^^CTBiH ao Ana, — to yCtAHTeabHO 
npocHaii-fiH Bacb RynHTb MH-h npH cay^a'fe ab* RHHacRH, Oa- 
pHqaaa HHcnoRi^ia flaacyaa h enj.e Apyroro (no BaaA- ry6.), a 
Tajcace RHHry OnHcanie neTepro(|). ytsAa, ROTopyro a BaM'b ooTa- 



'*) 3to 6eii;io ocenbio 1885 roAa. MHxaft;iOBCKiit ci> eecHbi 1884 r., KorAa 
6biJiu saKpbiTiii .OreqecTBeHHEiisi SanHCKH*, HHFAt He ne<iaTajic$i, mto oneHb orop- 
qaAo Bckxi> Hacb, h hto npKo oTpaaHAocb bi> sToft sanHCick ycneHcxaro. 



Hdl UPBUHOKH riftBA yOUHOKAfO. 195 

BHJTB. Ajior. Bac. saJlmeTh sa hhmh Kb BaifL. Ecjih me RomejieKB 
onycTomeffB, Tor^a tojibko IIeTepro(|)CBdft ytsA'B nepeAa^Te eft, a 
OHa mh4 nepemjieTb ero croAa, 6y(j[)eT^HKy (ct. ^yAOBo) Xlerpy 
HBaHOBHHy. SatsataftTe- Ko! Botb eme^xo: ne xo^erb jih nocjit 

BUXOAa H8'b TIOpbMH IIpOTOIIOnOB'b nOJRHTI: y UBEH BlTJ^CTb Cl> 

:ReHoft? JlfiWh nycTOft h Becb bi* hx'b pacnopnaceHiH MO^er-b 
HazoAHTBCH, KpoM* OAHOft KOMHaTH ROH Meaa. Ecjih hc xonerB, 
TO BceraKH h Chjtb 6h y»eacHo paAib, ecjiH 6u owb h Bh aa- 

^ZaJIH RO Mfl'b. 

Ha-AHHXT> nojiy^y hb-b Pyc. Mhcjih OTBtrB nac^erB BammcB 
paOoTB. 

IIpocTHTe Mena aa to, ^to BaAepatajTB AesBm h hobaho Haim- 
oajiii wh Pyc. M. Aji. Bac. BpyHHTB BaM-B Moft 5-uft tom'b. 

Bam-B r. ycnencRift. 

J\S 6 (1886;. 

JlrofieBflMmift Ceprfcft HnKOJiaeBHH'B! 
H Bce eme He ybxaji'B — najio Aener-B h mhofo AOJiroB'B! 
Ceft^acB a naray AJi«a CiB. BtcT. xpn paacKaaa h npomy BacB 
yfitAHTejiBHO, cA*JiaTB mhjioctb, ecjiH yBHAHxe Anny Mnxaft- 
;ioBfly, cKaBaxb eft "iro R'b MapTy6yAeTi> moh pafioxa ne Men'be 
2^, jiHCTOBTb. H AyMaio, ^To, noRpHBT> CH) Moft AOJiPT*, SI Mory 
BBHTB onaxB cROJiBRo-HHfiyAb ACHer'B H TorAa notAy y^te cno- 
RoftHO. 3aBTpa b'b cyfiOoxy a nocuJiaio 2 paacRaBa, xpexift eme 

i£e OROHHCHTb. 

MacjiflHHqy bck) npoBejii) CesT) rocxeft h 6e3i» BcaRHxi» 
yBecejienift. ^yMaio oxnpasAHOBaxb ee na 1-oft HeA*Jrfe, RorAa 
yate pimnxejibHO cofiepycb txaxb. 

Bam'b r. ycnencRift. 

M 7 (1886). 

JlrofieBHifimifl Ceprift HHKOJiaeBHH'b! 
HixB, npocxo He Mory npHArn,— xaK'B ^yBcxByio ce6a rjiyno 

H nOAJIO H He BHaiD, ntMl) BCe 9T0 ROHHHXCa. 

BoTi qxo: na ahhx'b bb nexepCypr'fe 6yAexTb rpa(|)HHa Toji- 
<5xaa, xtena JIbBa Hhr., h RaKTb xojibRO OHa npiiAex-B, xox^acB 
ace Anna MnxaftJioBHa noJiy^HXi> xejierpaMMy aa noAnncBio 
BupTOKoea (cB ROTopHM'B Htomy ' ee noBHaKOMHXb h BacB), h 
nycTB ona xox^acB ate 'hjierh Kb 9Toft caMofl rpa(|)HH'fe h xop- 
ryeTi> y nee paacRaB'B JIbBa HHKOJiaeBHna, Roxopnft y nee 6y- 
Aerb CB coOoft... Moacex-b 6HTb, qxo BnproROB'b, bm^cxo xejie- 
rpaMMH, npi'feAeTb caM-b R'B A. M. h nycxB ona He yAHejiaexca. 

Bam'B r. ycnencRift. 

KaR'B MHi nojiy^HTB RHHacRH XyA. atypH. ot'b JIioam. Hhk. 

J\» 8 (1888) 

Ceprtfl HHROJiaeBHH'B! 
Si xaR-B HeBAopoBi), ^xo ptniHTejiBHO He Mory npiftXH cjiy- 

13* 



196 PyOO&Ol BOrATOTBO. 

maxb r. Kapnona *). JSfi ocjih-Ch h npHmejrb, — to npn Moeirb- 
HesAopoBbH npoRy 6ujio 6h MaJio. Ecjih-Gh r. KapnoBi» 6wn> 
TaKTb floOpTb, ^rro ^ajiB 6h mh* npo^ecTB ero niecy OAHony, a 
6ujrh 6u eMy GJiaroj^apen'B. Bi) Ilajie-PoHji'b BcerAa ecTb no- 
cHJiBHHe. Ecjm oh'b npHmjieTi> uwh cBoe npoHSBeAeme HacoBi> 
Ha 5 xoTL Bi> KOHi^'b ceroAHHmHHTo Be^epa, — to yTpoMt owh 
Cy^erb HMtTb ee y ceCn. Hto h Cy^y AyMaTb o ero npoHSBe- 
AeHiH, TO H Hannmy. 

r. YcneHCKift. 

M 9 {7 OKT. 1889 — flaTa caMoro ycneHCKaro). 

Cepr'biK HnROJiaeBHH'bl H. K. cRasajii* MH'b (cb BamHxi> 

CJIOBX), HTO BB KaKOMli-TO aHrJli^CROM'b JiHTepaTypHOMi> o6o3p'b- 

hIh noM'&ii];eHa saM'bTKa h o mohzb coh. Hejib3a-JiH uwh no- 
jiyHHTb axoTb No oeoaptHia j^esi na Asa, ^rrofiH nepeBecTH aa- 
MtTKy? H ecjiH aTO mo^ho c^ijiaTb, to Hb. Hb., KOTopn^ npn- 
Hecerb 9Ty BanncKy, BaflfleiTb K-b Baicb 3a aTHMTb M, — Kor^a 
Bh eMy HasHa^HTe. Ecjih Hejibsa noJiy^HTb caMU^ JV&, to 
HeJibSH jm xoth ysHaTb TOJibRo M. 

ByAy BaM-b rjiyOoKO Cjiaro^apeH'b 

npeAaHHKiK BaM'b 

r. ycnencKia. 
Bi 1889 r. YcneHosifl yse sHa^HTejELHO nojuifiLUca. npH6jiuasaB- 
meflcfl 6ojii8HH h nesoJiBHO ocTaHaBJiHBajii BHHHaHie cbohmi Hese- 
CeJLHMl BEJ^OMl, Boj^^aci H pasApasHxejiBHocTBK), a saT^Hi He- 
AOJiro eiAe coxpaHHjo aohoctl 8T0 nocxeneHHO HepsByBmee oo- 
SHame, Tasi yaoHEBBiee npo6j[eMMH pyocsoft ^fioTBHTejiBsocTH. 

« 

C. lOwaKOB-b. 



'*') Ci) r. Ebthx. KapnoBfaiM-b h no3HaKOMH;iCH bi* Ch6hph; &!> ^tBpujv^ 
1888 r., no ero B03BpameHiH, ohi> qHTajii> y mchh cbok) jipaMy, wb npncyrcTBiH 
MHxat!;iOBCKaro, KpHBCHKa h Ap. 



^Beai) o6pa30BaTejn>Haro i^enaa"... 

„ra3eTTbI!!" 



(Hai nyreBbixi* BneqaTjrbHJfl). 



M'bcfliTb Hasi^'b, npo'bdztoM'B h3i> Hjtth, MHib npHmjiocb ocra- 
HOBHTbca Ha MajieHhROd crani^iH bi> c^eflTp']^ Poccin, ^ttoOh 

HaFbCTHTb GBOHX'b 8HaK0MHXl»y ^CHBniHX'B Ha JlfiM'h Vh HATH 

BepcTax'b. Mwh saxorknocb npoflrncB n^nncoirb, h a nonpocHjrb 
HocHJibntHRa oTHCRaTb MH'6 npoBo»eaTaro. Hbhjich HejioB'^Ri* m> 
^j^paaRKb H Ty«ypK* cyb meJiTHMi* KanroM'b, oneBHOTo-— hbte* 
mejrbsHOAoponcHux'b cjiymaunnx'b; a. ^a^e o6e8noKOHJica n cnpo- 
cHJTb, HSB'bcTHo JiH eify, cROJibRO H sanjia^. Ohi» CHJUTb rajiaHTHo 
(f)ypa«Ry h noHCHHorb: 

— He HBBOJibTe OesnoROHTbCH... Kone^HO, a meorb RynaTbca, — 
OHb yRasajTb na yaejiOR'b noA'b MHmROfl, — ho noroAa nplHTHan, 
JOTMai), oTHero He nporyjiaTbca. 

Mh nomJiH. Ohi oG'bacHHJrb MHb ;iojiro h cjio^kho, ^tto oHb, 
oo6cTBeHHO, He Tejierpa({)HCTb, ho bi* pOA'i^ aroro; h saHHTb 6wrb 

CBOHMH MHCJIHMH H HJIOXO CJiymajni — HTO OHb CMOTpHTb B'b 

KaRiH-TO oRomeHRH H noAaerb cnrnajiH, hto ero fl-feaTeJibHocTb 
o^OHb Ba^RHa ^fffl^ npoxosRAemH ho^baob'b'* (ohi>, bh^hmo, rop- 

AHJICfl CBOHMlk HOCTOlfb). 

— TojEbRO BOTb oOpaaoBaTejibHaro i^eHsy ntrbl 

Hsi) Aft^ii>H'i^^niaro BifreRajio, ^rro oHb npeBocxoAHO ycTponjica, 
HOJiynaerb nBa^i^aTb py6. B'b Mtcai^'b h HicbeTb RaaeHHyro 
KBapTHpy,— OTAtjibHyi) ROMnary h npn neil xopomyro Ryxnio, 

TaKl HTO BHXOflHTb, B'b pOflt, RaRT* AB* ROMHaTH, a npH RBap- 

I'Hpt capafl, Tjifk RopoBy Aep»aTb Moatno, a npn capat eme 
c'bHOBaji'b, Fb ROTopoifb Majio-Majio ABa Bosa cbna yjio^enrb 
1C09RH0. H o5paiiieHie xopomee. 

— Mory cRasaTb, AOBOJienb cBoed cjiy«6oft... — H onnrb upn- 
^JaBHjnb: — ^TojibRo hto, Boirb, 6gsi> o6pa80BaTeJibHaro r^enaa. 

— Bh ^QBB'h HHrA* He y^HJiHCb? — cnpocHJTb a. 

— Hpomejrb aeMCRoe y^HJinn^e, — OTBtTHJi'b oh'b, h cb nyB- 



198 pyOOSOB BOPATOTBO. 

CTBOM'bCKpoMHofi ropflOCTH Ao6aBHJi^:— H y^HTejiBHHi^aHacTOfliniaa 
6HJia, H Mory CKaaaiB — He h3T> nocji'bAHHX'B ynenHKOBx... Tojibko 
paBB-b 8T0 o6pa30BaTejibHH» i^chb'b? TenepB botb, cKa^eM-B, lejie* 
rpa(|)T>, — Mory a kt> TeJierpa(j[)y onpeffbJiHTbca? HnKyAa no- 

AaTBOH HeJIBBA. 

fl qTo-TO CKaBajii* o KHH^KKaxt H ra3eTaxT>. OKaaajiocb, mo 
raaeTH obtb ^Hraerb eaceAHesHo, h BHaerb ho^th bc4 mockob- 
cida H neTep6yprcKte raaeTH, TaKt KaKX npFxoAHTca HHTaTb 
TO, 8a HiMt noBMce npncHJiaroTB rocno^a. 

— HanaAomb hhoA pas'b h na xopomyio raaeTy... — BaMt- 
^aerb offb: — A tojibko hto ecxb TaKia, B'b KOXopHX-b coBcbMi*' 
Majio o6pa80BaTejibHaro i^eHBa... 

Offb AOBOJibHo BtpHO H TOHHO HepeHHCJiaeTb raaeTH c^ 
^MajiHM'b oCpaBOBaTOJibHHM'b i^eHBOMTb". He BHaro no^eny, y Mena 
BHpBaJica Bonpocb: 

— Ay Bacb TyTb ne eynryiorbV 

Ofl'b BBrJiaHyjH) na MeHa B'b 60KTy CTOpOaCKHM'b, MyatHI^KHM-b 
BarJIHAOBTb H HBOXOTHO OTB'feTHJI'b: 

— He cjiHxaTb... y Hacb CMHpno. — H noxoMb npnCaBHJi'b: — 
CKaBHBaiQx^, — noAfiHCHsaioTi* Cynary aaniH B'b MocKB-fe h B^b 
nexepdyprt, a xojibKo y nacb CMnpno. 

BiM'b Ofl'b njioTHtia, mnpoKonjieHifl, c^b kopotkhmh HoraMH, Ch 
6ojibmott rojiOBOfli h CB'ixjiHMH cj^phmh rjiasaMH, CMOxp'bB- 

mHMH HCHO H yB'^pBHEO. FoBOpHJIX MeA<^ffreJIbHO, CnORO]KHHBrb 

roJiocoiTb, paBAyMHHBo CKJiaAHBaa (|)pa8Ny H Becb Ofl'b, He 
CMoxpa Ha fipHTHft noA^opoAOK'b h mejixHfl Kanx'b, BHrjiflA*Jii> 

My^HKOM'b, OAflHMIb HB'b T'J^X'b, KOFO B'b A^peBH'b flBSHBaDTb 

cxeneflHHM'b MymHKOM'b, xoaaHHOM-b. H roBopHjpb, cjiobho Kocy- 

Jiefi 6op03Ay npOBOAHJI-b, H B'b KOHI^'b (5op03AH rOBOpHJI'b KaKT>-TO 

ocoCeHHO xBepAO h HeyKocflHxejibflo: «o6pa30BaxejibflHfl i^eHBx**^ 
a noxoMi* Ha^HHaji'b HOByio 6opo3Ay. . 

a xopomo BHajiij 9xh M'fecxa — B'b xaKHXi) me a poAHJicH h 
BHpocb — BflajiTb 3XH xoMflne Moji^ajiHBHe Ji'bca, paBA^JiaeMHe 

COJIOXI^aMH, MeAJieSHO XeKymHMH JI'feCflHMH p't^OHKaMH, CTb 

pacaBoa Myxflofl BOAOlt, (5jih8Ko Bnaji'b axHX'b jrfecHHX'b jiDAOft, 

Cb MeAJIHXeJIbflpft pi^bK), MeAJIHXeJIbHOa MHCJIBD, B'bRaMK 

Kp'fenKO H ycToflHHBO cKJiaAHBaBEiHX'b CBOH A6peBeHCKie ycxoH, — 
axHX'b HCXHHHHX'b coOnpaxejieft Poccin, npapoacA^HHHX'b rocy- 

AapCTBOflHHKOB'b. Ho H BflaJITb HX'b — Ka^eXCH, 8X0 xaKii HeAaBHO 

6hjio, — B'b T'fe iiajiefda BpeMena, KorAa Ji'bca 6hjih xeMH'fee h 
rynie, h Sojioxa 6hjih CoJibme h MeH-be npoxoAHMH; a noMHHjPb 
BpeMOHa, ROFAa ne^Hcxaa cnjia nanojiflaaa HX'b B'b HecM'bxHOM'b^ 
KOJiH^ecxB'fe H CHAbJia z B'b Jifecaxi), h B'b Ooaoxax'b,. h B'b rjiy- 
6oKHX'b oMyxaxij xeMHHX'b pacasHx-b p'feneK'b, h B'b xa'fesax'b, h 
B'b xeMflKx-b yrjiax'b AepeBOHCKoa hbOh h cxeperjia xeMHHa Aepe 
BeflCKia AyniH... H homhk) BpeMCfla — ecjiH nepflHe xapanaflH no- 



J 



BBSl OBPASOBATlJrBHArO ipH8A. 199 

RHffajiH H86y, 6a6u peB'fejiH, a icyncHKH Tpeso^HO necajiH aa- 
TUJiRH H BCAiecRH yjieiqajiH TapaicaHOFB BepHyTBC^, h ecjm 
TapaicaHH BosBpau^aJOEHCb, Bcb ycnoRaHBajiHCB, Tajffh RaRHb, no 
TOFAaniHHM'b BpeiieHaMi) h noHATiflifB, npHcyTCTBie TapaRanoB^ 
Fb VL36'h 61JJ10 caMOft HaAemHOft ({)opMOd AepeseHCRaro crpaxo- 
BaMH OTB OPHH. Si jsfiiBEo noRUHyji'b TaRifl M'bcTa, H Tenepb, nocjri^ 

8RCnaHCHBHHrB, TOpOnJIHBHXT> JUDJietL Dra, MB'b npi^THo 6IUIO 

BCTp-bTHTb CBoero HejioB'bRa, npiflTHO 6hjio cjiymaTb ery moajih- 
TejibHyi) ptHb, ntByqyi), HeiiHO^Ro na o, TaRyro TsepAyro h 
HeyRocHHTejibHyH), BAyMtiBaTbca B'b btotb cBoeo6paBHHtt yRJiaA'b 
MHCJiH. H noTOM'b, TaRX 6uJio yAHBHTejibHO, cpeAH Bceo6iii;aro 
HeAOBOJibCTBa, BCTpixHTb AOBOJibHaTo CBOHM'b nojioaceHieifb 
HejioB^Ra H cMnpHaro cpeAH, RaHcexc^, Bcbxi), cA'^^aBmnxcH 

HeCMHpHHMH pyCCRHXl* JIIOAeft. 

— KaR'b ace, RpecTbanHH'b, npnpo^iHHfi RpecTbaHUHTb!— oTBi- 
TBUTb 0Kb na Mofi Bonpocyb. — ^Borb h i^epROBb Hama. 

Haik-Ba 6jiH»ea^inaro nepejr&CRa Becejio BurjiHAUBajrb bojiotoiK 
RpecTb HaA'b rojiyCoa rjiasoft i^epRBH. H Cb btoI! CTopoHH Bce 
oCcTOHJio npeBocxoAHO. JtepeBHH 6jiHaRo; 0TAe«ypHjn> Ha craH- 
lUH ABtHaAi^aTb HacoB'b— noCtacHmb aomoA, cb Rocoft nopa6o- 
Taxb, Bcnaxaxb, saCopoHHTb. H poAHTeJiaM'b :KHTb JiaAHo — ABa 
6paTa npn jjfkji'h: OAHH'b B'b neiepfiypri apTejibmHROM'b, a Apy- 
rofl BTb MocRBt, B^ 6oJibnioMT> MarasHETfe, noApy^HHMX y ca- 
Moro rjiaBHaro npHRaa^HRa. 5KHByTb npeBOCxoAHo. H onaTb 
6opo8Aa oROHHHJiacb, H TBepAafl pimHTejibHan penjiHRa: 

— ToJibRo HTO 66311 oOpaaoBaTejibHaro i^enay! XoAy niTb... 
A CjiaronojiyHie, ORpyacaBmee ero ceMbiD, pasBepTHBaJiocb 

Bce niHpe. Jlpjimno 6HTb, MJiaAmi^ 6paTb 6ujrh jiioSHMei^'b: moH 
cnyTHHR'b coo6mHJi'b ero neoCHRHOBeHHO Ojiecr^iiiiefi Rapbept, 
coo6iii;Eji'b, HTo CpaT'b Ha RpacHOfi ropRt aceHHjica, h no-My- 
»Hi^RH AOJiro H noApo6HO 06'bacHiiJi'by RaRan Heo6HRHOBeHHaH 
6HJia CBaAbCa B'b AepeBHi, crojilro 6hjio notsmaffb, bo hto 
oComJiocb BtH^aHbe h Cejiti, Ha ROTopoMii npHcyTCTBOBajn> xo- 

BHHHOB'b 6pa7b H FJiaBHHfl EpHSaSHHR'b. 

— TojibRo HTO HeB'bcTRa yfexajia orb nacb, ABa aha rocTHJia... 
TaROjB, cRaHcy BOTb, xapaRTepi. npeBocxoAHHfl, — h ho BHAHBaJTbt 
TaMOoBCRaa OHa, bt> ycjiyateniH acHJia B'b MocRB'b y xopomnx'b 
rocnoA'b, — ho CROJib ceCa oSpaaoBajia! TaRaa npLaTHaa h aojih- 
RaTfiae AaMa, — mohcho cRaaaTb, BH6pajn> ceC'b Bana cynpyry! 

— A BH aceHaxH? — nojirofionHTCTBOBajTb h. 

OB'b nOHilJI-b H TO, HTO CTO^JIO 3a MOHMli BOnpOCOMX, H 

oxoTHO, orb rhwb ace nyBCTBoifb cRpoMHofi ropAocTH h oiy yAO- 
BojibCTBiem oTb Ojiaronojiynia acHSHH, ROTopaa oRpyacajia ero, 

OTBtTHJI'b: 

— HeTBepo peCarb... H na cbod cynpyry acajioBaTbca ne 
Mory. ^aace npano nyacHO cRasaTb— Jiy^nre h He naAot 



200 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

IUecTHa;^i^aTb jiiTB npo^KHJin— xothtb Btpbie, xoTHre irbTB — 
AypHoro cjioBa npoiie^'L nacb ne dnjio cKasaHO. TojibRo hto, 
Koee^Ho, --MejiaHxojiH^Ho AoOaBHjiii ohx, — Ceaii o6pa80BaTejib- 
Haro i^eHsy... 

MH'b oi^'bJiajiocb OHOHb necejio, ho h creneHHo h cepbesHo 
saM'^THJi'b, HTo 8T0 Aafl Borb BCHKOMy, xoTfl 6h n ci> ofipaso- 

BaTeJIbHKM'B I^eHBOM'b. CxajIO O^eBHAHO, HTO A He nOHHliaJI'b BO 

BceMi> oO'Lewh ero wOGpadOBaTejibHaro r^OHsa'^. 

Mh yme He num, a cto^jih orojio «ejrb3Ho;][opoHCHott na- 
cuHH, p^AOifb cb ROTopofl 6'bHcajia Bce Bpeiia nama TponHHKa, 
Ti owb, yace BOJiHyacb h cnibma, paaMaxEBa^ pyRaMH, cb nopo- 
30B'i^BmHMH u^eRaim, 06'bACHflji'b uE'h: 

— A no RaROMy cjiy^ax), noBBOJibxe Bacb cnpocHTb, a npn- 
mHTb RT* cBoeny jsfkxy h ne Mory, nanpHMipTb, no Tejierpa(|)- 
Hoa nacTH notoH? Hjih, CRaHceii^b,— 6paTb neTep6yproRift... Cra- 
pocTOfi xorkoH ero BH6paTb, a oCpaaoBaxejibHaro i^enay He xsa- 
Taerb, — sna'^Hrb Hejibsa. Hjih Banx) BSHTb, MOCROBCRaro... 
Bea-b 6yxrajiTepiH xoay eny ntrb, ny, Borb oHb BaHHMaercfl 
caiTb no 066% a mhofo jih caM'b Ao^Aenib? Borb mn xpH Gpaia, 
HenbK)n4e, H rjiynocTe^ pasHnxi) sa nanfH ne boahtch, h icory 
cRasaTb— He isbt^ nocJi'^AHHX'b AypaROBT), a Rpyrb»eH3HH nairb 
aaRpHTb! BoiTb, CRaaceMi), Ranana, ey, en^e ^epes'b nee moacho 
nepemarnyTb, a TyTb peJttCH, ^ajibme yacb nejibBH... — OnTboacHB- 
jiohho pasMaxHBaJi'b pyRaim. — Borb, anaHnrb, h ctoK bcd HCHSHb 
no CD cTopony, na To£t jiheIh, na Roropoil poahjich! 

— BoTii, BH cnpaniHBajiH A&Be^a nadOTb A^peBHH, naA^a 
h Bce nponee... J^tAyniRa y Mena Tpn roAa RaR'b rohhhjich; 
CRasHBaji'b npo fiapcRla BpeMena — coBC'bM'b hh Kh neicy TorAa 
6iiJiT>o6pa80BaTej[bHH]Ki^eH8'bB'b A^peBH'b... A BOSbMHTe cefl^iacb! 
K'b npHMtpy, TpaBoctame nonuio, — o^enb 0A06pHi)Tb, ROTopHe 
nHTajiH, HJIH B3«Tb Tenepb yA06peHie... hjih, nanpHMtp-b, c^b aen- 
CRHMTb y Hacb Tenepb cRJiORa HAerii. ToBopro a hmx na cxoffb — 
Ao npaBHTejibCTBeHHaro cenaxa AoxoAHTb na^o, — a ohh MHi: 
„fflefl-T0 y Hacb, ^axb, CBoa, ne RynjieHHaa...* A a 3Hai), hto 
MoacHo 6u, — npHMi^pH 6hjih, bi* raaeTax'b HHTaJii^. IIo-MoeMy, bi> 
nee, B'b AepeBHio, o6paaoBaTejibHaro i^enay noAnycTHTb naAO. 
TorAa. A*ttcTBHTeJibHO.. TaR-b jih a roBopro? 

Mh 6lijio ABHHyjiHCb^ ho cHOBa ocTaHOBHancb. 

— H BOTb, HanpHMip'b, npo aceny... H^'bBOHRa y Mena, no 
HOTHpnaAi^aTOMy roAy, cxapmeHbRaa. Maiepn noMoraerb, noTOMy 
Tpoe ein;e MajiHmH... Hy, ROH^naa, aoMCRoe yHHanme — ^h boo 
TyTb. A A*B0^Ra, MoacHo CRaaaTb, na yAHBaenie, Tanaa Kb 
RHHacR* CTapaTeabHaa. ^aerb eflt Teaerpa(j[)Hcrb naniTb, Hnanb 
IleTpoBH^'b, HO ToabRO Bce RHHacRH aerRia, Bce 6ojibine po- 
MaHH, BOTb HTO Kh ^HHBt* npHaoacoHH, a TaRHXi, ^ito6h, ana- 
HHTb, Cb o6paaoBaTeabHHM'b i^enaoM-b — noHHMaTb ne Moaterb. 



BS31 OBFABOBATMBHArO IIBH8A. 201 

H Tenepb iiaTb, — SHMoft Benepa jijmBEuey a homohb He Moneerb, 
pasiiacHHTb, Hanpnii'i^p'by RpyrB »ch8hh. Bi^ CtjioniBefiRii hjih 
TaM^b btj nopTHHXH H ee — ynpy, ne 0T;^aMi>! TaK'B h npoacHBerb^ 
KSJXJi MH (Tb 3ReE0% — 6es'h oOpasoBaTejibHaro i^ensa. 

Mo£t cnyTHHK'B BOjiHOBajica, ci^pne rjiasa cxajiH TeMH'be h 
y»e. 

— H TaK'B noHHMax), rocno;^HFB, hto6h bcarIK nejioB'bR'B 
mrkJTh BnonH'b oOpaaoBaTejibHHK i^end'B^ hto6h Rpyri) jkhbhh 
eMy 6ujrb bojibhuI}, — ohti o6epHyjicfi h cafbjiBJrb mnpoKitl 
jKecTB pyKaMH,— hto6h Ky;ia yroAHo noflaTbca Mon> neJiOB'bK'B: 
xoneTB — Fb Jiicb, xo^erb— B-b Jiyrb, aa pejibCH 8th, a He to 

1T06U BCK) ^KHBHb 3a UpHJiaBKOM'b HJIH, CRaXCeM'b, Bly OKOHie^IKO 
CMOrpi^Tb... 

MeAJieHHO, neyRJiio^e, THHcejio rpoMuxaa, nponojiB'b jiJinEEbtA 
H CKyiHHa TOBapHH^ iLO'hsji'b. Mh cHOBa hijih; pacmnpHBini^cH, 
padOy^KeHHHli Kpyr'b »h8hh pasBepTUBajicA Bce mnpe h jnnpe 
B-b rojioBt Moero cnyTHHRa. 

— BsATb Teiiepb cjioBa sth, — nocjit ntKOToparo uojinaaia 
aaroBopHJi'b owb. 

— KaRifl cjioBa? 

— Boo6m;e, hto b-b raaeTax'b Tenepb nHmyrb. Hto roBopHTb, — 
cjioBa npaBHJibHHH, xopomla, Hac^erb, nanpHM'bp'b; npani), seMjiH 
ynpaBJieniH, n Bce nponee, a TOJibRo HaGTOHui;aro cjiosa 
h4ti>. 

— KaRoro cjiona? 

— HacieTb o6pa30BaTeJibHaro i^eHsy. IlHniyrb, nanpHM'hp'br 
Bceo6mee oCyienie, a RaRoe oCyneHie, hto o6o3Ha^aeTi> — ne 
roBopHTb. EmeJiHy nanpHM'i^p'b, nac^erb rpaMOTH, TaK'B HHRa- 
Koro TyTb i^enaa H'bTy. Th roBopn npflMo,— RaRoe Bceo6mee! Si 
tBKh noHHMaio, — Bce Boofin^e... Ha ^oRTopa, nanpHM'fep'E, ynHTbca 
HJIH, CRa«eM'b, no aABORaTCRofi nacTH, HacneTB Tejierpa(|)a, 
HH^eHepoifb HJIH R'bM'b TaMB Te6'h oxoTa 6yAerb... Saaapna, 
KoneHHo... Hy, pasjioacn no AymaMX, HHROMy He o6haho, BctM'B 
jiecTHo. EcTb y TeCn Tyrb CHJia-MO'ib— oh'b AOTponyjiCH m 
cBoero Ji6a — ^ocTHraft nero jiioCo, H'hT'B chjih-mohh — ocTaBafiCH 
BT> crapoM'B BBaHiH... B3HTB, Tcnopb, aAMHpajia MaRapoBa? — 

HeOHCHAaHHO BCTaBHJTb OH'B... — IlHCaJIH, COBC'feM'B HBTb MCJIKarO 
BBaHiH... 

,.. — COBC'feM'B Majio B'B PocciH o6pa30BaTejibHaro x^eHsy... — 
BceroBopHJi-BHOl^ cnyTHHRTb.— Ehji-b H, HanpHM'bp'b, Ha cjiyacfi*, — 
oROJio BHJibHH,— BT> canepaxi)... PoA'b opyatin, MoacHO CKasaTb — 
He n'bxoTa,— Bce yMCTBOHHoe; mocth, nanpHM'bpB, hoaroiih, 
MHHHaa qacTb... B'b tph-to roaa RaRoe6H o6pa30BaHie h Mor-b 
noJiyHHTb, — a mhofo-jih h BHaio, xoTb h yHTep'b-o$H^epoM'b 
Bfiuneji'B! OejibA(|)e6eJib nacB ynnji'b, a OH'B y Apyroro (|)eJiBA- 
$e6eJiH y^HJicH, a totb y TpeTBaro, — a hto6h o<|)Hi^epB, RaK-B 



202 P70GK01 BOFATOTBO. 

jsfyjiJREo, BEHajicfl, — HH Bo«e Moia! HpHflerB, BarjiaHenb,— h whTb 
^ro. IIoTOMy — HCKorAa:— BT) o(|)Hi^epcKoe coCpame heao, AftMCKifi 
nojii>, nanpHM'bp'B, Bce nponee. H cRy^HO HacL AepeBencRHrB 
jiypaROBi> o6oJiBaHHBaTb... CoBci^M'B ifajio o6pa30BaTeJibHaro 
neHsy y rocnoA-B o(|)HC[epoB'b!.. — saKJiiD^HjrB oHib. 

Mh noAXOAHJiH R"B ycaAbCt. B'b tcmhoA ajiJiet owb ocTa- 

H06HJICH H, BHTHpaa HOTHH^ JI06'B, 3arOBOpHJI'I>: 

— A KaKx BH, rocnoAHH-B, noHHMaeie nac^eT'L boKhh? 
Bonpoci> 6um> m^ mchh HeomHAasHH^i, h a orB'bTHJi'b: 

— A BH RaRT>? Bh B^Ab, BOTB, BOeHHUfl ^eJIOB'feR'b... 

TeMHaa ajiJiea 6HJia nycra, ho mh roBopHjin thxo, noHH- 
^eHHHMH rojiocaMH, RaRi) saroBopiAHKH. OiBtrB yMoerocnyT- 

HHKa 6hJI1>, O^eBHAHO, AftBHO rOTOBB, H roBopHjn> 0Kb Topo- 

njiHBo, BHAHMO cn'&nia shjiotkhtb Bct mhcjih, RaRia y Hero 

— TyrB fffkno KopoTRoe... H TaRB, Rone^flo, noHHMaro, hto y 
nacL oCpaaoBaTejibHaro i^eHsy Majio, — botb b'b hcmb HCTopia! 
TaMB, B'B raseTax-B, nnmyrB, — Bofina sp^mHaa, hh rte* neny, ap- 
THJiJiepia Aa (|)Jiotb npoTHB'B ^noHCRHx-B ne bhctoat'b, renepajiH 
J^a aAMHpajibi ocjiafitjiH h, nanpHMipB, BopH bosa'S, — 3To Bce 
npaBHJiBHO, a tojibro i^enrpa He bb btomb../ Cnjia Bca — o6pa3o- 
BaTejiBHHfl i^eHBT)! BaaTB Tenepb HXHaro yHTepB-o(|)ai^epa? Hh- 
TaemB bt> raaeTax-B, — B'B nji'feH'B bbajih, hjih MepxBaro o6hcrh- 
BajiH, — y Hero h Rapia, y sere h AHcnosHi^iH h Bce, hto Tpe- 
-Cyeica. CKameMt, nepeObrorb o4)Hi^epoB'b, — oh-b cefl^acb MOMteTB 
ROMaHAy iipHHHTb, — oh'b TeC'fe H noHTOHi) HaneAerB, owb TeCi 
He xyme o(|)HD;epa B'B 60II noBeAeirB... JIfl, hto a CRamy, Cpaxei^'B 
THMofll — nepexoAH na hhthmhhK toht^ eme THmeroBopHjrbMOia 
cnyTHHR'b: — CojiAaTi> y hhxb — h to BcaRift cBoe M'fecTo hohb- 
MaeTB H RaRaa, naapHM'fepB, AHcno3HD;ia! A namero BSHTb, 
yCbiOTb o4)Hi;epa— OBi^a obi^O]&... H xaR'B noHHMaio, — ToponjraBO 
roBopHJi-B oHT>, — H'feTi> y Te6fl[ o6pa30BaTejibHaro i;eH3y — h chah 
3a ne^RoK, ne jrfe3bl 8to, 6paTB, ne cb TypKO]& BoeBaTB! H 
OROJIBKO TH BO]&CRa HJIH, CRajKeMX, Ropafijieft HH nocHJiaia, — 
Bce 3T0 HH R-B HOMy, — Bce B'B npopBy yfiAeTB. TaRii jih h roBopio? 
Bh RaRB HOHHMaeTe? 

H OTB'feTHJTB, HTO nOHHMaH) HMCHHO TaR-B — H HaC^eTl> BOfllHH, 

H HacHeri* „Bcero Boofime", h mh pa3CTajiHCB bhojih^^ Apy- 

:3KeCTBeHH0. 

HpoiJAa HtcROjiBRo maroB-B, oh'b ofiepnyjica eme pas'B h 

ORpHRHyJTB MOHa: 

— B'B nee, b'b Pocciro, o6pa30BaTejiBHaro i^eH3y noAnycTHib 
HaAol TorAa n'fefiicTBHTejibHo... 

Mh RHBHyjiH rojioBaMH, B'B BHaR-B coBepnieHH'feftniaro corjia- 
^isiy H paBomjiHCB. 



BBVb OBPABOBATUBHATO I^HdA. 203 



n. 

B-B Ty 7Re flo^b a BHtxajiB Bi IleTepCyprE. Bujio RaRi>-To 
ocoOeHHo jierRo h iiHpHO. IIocji']^ BHCHaro Mop^ (tb B'^hho m*!^- 
HADn^MHCA RpacRaMH, ocji'bnHTejibHaro cojiHii[a, TeiiHo-cHHflro 
He(5a, nocjTb cibpHX'B CKajn>, Hepmrn RHnapHcoBx h JiHJioBurb 
rjiHi^HHia, M^FRie Tona ci^Bopa TporajiH h yimjiajiH, — h Jiyra, 
H nepejrbcRH, h BOJiHynii^aflCJi sejieHaji poscb, h npoxjiaAHHH 
o(SjiaKa. MnpHo z 6jiaro;iyniHO yjmOaflCb, BcnoMHHajTb h, becu- 
nan, Becb aTOTL Aenb, KaRB-TO no oco6eHHOMy JiacROBHtt, aejie- 
shA jsfiEb, jrbcHyK) p'b^Ry, hohth HeABH»eHMyH) bt^ sejieHHrb 
<5eperarb, Moero creneHHaro cnyrHHRa cb MeAJinrejibHoft BAyn- 
HHBOfl ptHbK), ero npeBocxoAHyiD iReny ^OesB oCpaaosaTeJibHaro 
i^eHBa"... H BApyrb a BBApornyjii) h noAHnjica, h cohb yetacajTB 
OTT> MOHA. Bee TaRB^ce M'ibpHO, y6aK)RHBaa, n'i^Ji'b nodbB^B oaho- 
TOHHyx), CBoeo6pa8HyK) whcHD, a bii rpyAH y moha samuio, h 
CHOBa, HeAasHo nepexcHToe, ^KyrRoe lyBCTBO aaxsaTHJio Meefl. 
ToJibROABa AHH HasaA'b. H TaRBHce sacunajiB AHeMB, yxoiuieH- 
Hufi 6e3ROHeHHo^, HeABHacHOft H 6e8MOJiBHo£t cTenbK), y6aDRaH- 
Hufl Tol^ ;Re OAHOTOHHO^ n'bcHbH) no'i^BAa, h BApyrb CesnpepHB- 
HH^ TpeBo^KHHfi, flcyTRi£t Bonjib paafiyAHJi'b hoha. H OpocHJiCH 
R'b OTRpHTOMy ORHy BapoHa. Ha HacHim, Bnepe^H h csaAH, Ry^a 
TojibRo MOFb ORHHyxb Fjias'b, CTOHJiH H 6^»eajiH aa no'bsAOM'b 
juoAH H RpHiajin: 

— Faaeirb! TaBeTb! 

no^iUiHe JiK)AH 6pocajiH CBOH sacTyiiH H JionaTH, nporn- 
FHBajiH pyRH H FJiyxHsiH, cTapuMH FOJiocaMH boiihjih: 

— raaerb!.. raaeirb!.. raaeTb!.. 

MojiOAHe 6'b»aJiH phjiomb cb uo'^^baomb h bbohro, RaRB 

HTHI^U Wh BHCOROMli Me6'h, RpHHaJIH: 

— FaaeTB! TaaerBl 

H RpHRB OKJTB y9Re BayHeHHHfi, npHBHHHHfl, OAHHIb HBOb 
TbX'B Bay^eHHHXB MOTHBOBB, CA'b^aBmHXCH BCeo6l£i;HMHy RaRHlTB 

fiapoAi> ayRaeTCH bb TeiiHOMB jrhcj^ npocHTB mhjiocthhio hoa^ 

ORHaMH. 

IIOMHK) B'B OCOOeHHOCTH OJUHOFO lOHOmy; CB 6'bJIHMH ByfiaifH 

H 6jiecTfliAHMH ^epHUMH FJiaBaMH, CB HenoRpuTo:^ FOJioBo^. Ohi> 
jiertJiB, RaRB iiTHi^a, ne orcTaBaA otb noisAa; offB yace ycniji'B 

CXBaTHTB OAHEB BHfipomeHHHfi H8B BaFOHa HOMCpB FadeTH H, 

npHacHMaa cfo rb FpyAH, Bce 6'hmsijrh h, a ne BHaio, RaRB cRa- 

aaiB,— apOCTHHfi, 3KaAHHfl, MOJianUfi, — ^ROpOTRO, CAaBJieHHHlTb 
FOJIOCOMB, BHRpHKHBaJFb: 

— TaaeTBl raaerb! 

npHmjia craHiQA^ h bcc 6hjio thxo. Ohatb meji'B noi3A^,H 

OnATb HeiipepHBaE)IIlHMCA RpHROMIi RpHHaJia CTenB. 



204 PyOCROB BOrATGTBO. 

H He cpasy AoraAajicH, hto to 6hjih peMOHTHHe paOonie, 
nonpaBJiABmie pasMurufi HaicaHyHi^ nyxB, — uwh Raaajiocb, hto 
TO KprnaTi CTonb, HTO 8TH jiiDAH cfitatajiHCb oTry^a, hbi* rjiy- 
6hhk e^, HSb-sa cTapuxi) mophjib, cb hhbrhx'b OaJiORb, orb 
neiajiBHHX'b psRHTb, Hab O'bjieHbKHX'b h rojiyGeHbRnxb aomh- 
KOBb, crpyAHBmHxca, RaRi* oBqH, TaRii neqajibHo h 6e8noMoiipo 
BaTepAHBHX'b B'b CTenH, ^nN> osa, CeaifOJiBHaji h HeABH»cHMafl, 
BaRpH^ajia z 6pocHJiacB ri> HaMb — h 6ujio hto to »cyTRoe h 
Hanpfl»eeHHoe Bb aioMb Henoji^HOMb, o;iHOTOHHOMb Bonjrb dTEx^ 
OtrymHX'B 3a no'^BAOM'B juojie^. KasajiocB, ohh aofohadtb nacb, 

XOTATB OCTaHOBHTB OtmeHUfi KypBepCRifi UO'hSffhy H MOJIHTB, 

H Tpe6yiDTb, hto6h mh oTiiajiH, naKonei^b, raaeTH, ROTopHH ^h- 

Taei^fb MUOAHHH ROTOpHHHy;KHHHMb,KaRbnTHI^'&KpHJIbH,RaR'B 

xjiteb roJiOAHomy. H, ohobhaho, bto acyTRoe h HanpaacenHoe 
"lyBCTBOBajiocb He MHOtI OAHHifii. H BHA^Jib, RaRb riacca»cHpH 
ToponjiHBo pujiHCb B'b ^oMOAaHaxb, Bb RapMaHaxb cbohxi> najibTO, 
paaucRUBafl raaeTH, RaRb ToponjiHBo CpocajiH ohh B'b ORHa h 
TOJibRo HTo RynjieHHHe, en;e He pasBepnyTHe HOMcpa raserb. 

BHJia rjiy6oRaii noHb, BaroHb cnaji'b, ipeBoacHO CTy^iaJi'b 
no'J^sAb, HecjiHCb A^peBbfl, TeMHHH, Cb MoxHaTHMH jxanaiiHy 
CTOflJib CTpaHHHfi cB'bTb B'b Ji'fecy, — npoapaHHHfi h npn- 
apa^HHfl CB'hTb ciBepHoia hohh,— a npoAO mhoA apRO, RaR-bTo 
coJiHAe, BCTaBajia xa nacHan KapxHHa. 

Cothh jiioAeft Cb npoTflHyTHMH pyRann; neceTca nod^A'B, 
cnpana h cji'bBa Jiexarb wh ORna radOTH h, ne AOJieiaa ao 
seMJiH, cxBaTHBaioTca ataAHHMH pyRaMH^ H noMHK), OAHa pasBep- 

TUBaJiaCb Ha JICTy, CJIOBHO HbHMH-TO pyRaMH, H, RaRbHTHAaCb 

mHpoRHMH 6'hjunm RpHJibflMH, Aojiro necjiacb naAb bucoro npo- 
TflHyTHMH pyRaMH, nepeA'B acaAHo ori^AHBniHMH sa neH rjiasaMH* 

JJa, H He oinH6ca,— TO ctchb npHmjia TpeCoBaTb oTb Rypbep- 
CRaro no'bsAa raseTb. H BHXOAHJi'b na cTaHAis sanacaTbca ra- 
sexaMH (kij comaji'bHiK), TaMb 6hjih Bce Cojibme raaexH cb na- 
jiHMb oCpadOBaTejiBHHM'b AenaoMb) h bha'^^'b, RaRb TOJina cbh- 
TORb rycbROMb TflHyjiacb R'b cTOJiHRy cb raseTaMH h BHHHMajia 
HflTaRH; H RorAa yace He 6hjio peMOHTHHXb paCo^mxT*, h mu 
npo-feaasajiH mhmo nenajibHHX'b paRHrb h 6'fejiHXb aomhrob'b, 
Ha HacHHH nacB acAajiH jiioah bb csHTRax'b h RpniajiH: ^Fa- 
acTb!" — a Cb AepeBCHCROft yjiHAH necjiHCb CocoHorie Majib- 
HHiHRH H Cb pasB'J^BaiomHMHCH BOJiocaMH RpH^aJiH, KaR'b FaJiHaTa: 

— FaaeTRy! FaaeTRyl 

H ycnyjib noAb yipo. K-b naM'b npnCjiHacajica neTep6yprb 
cb XMypHMb He6oM'b, cb TyifanoM'b, BciaBaBinHM'b MeacAy A©- 
peBbHMH,— cbptiet, xojioAHHfi HeTepCyprb, ROTopHtt Bce ne xo- 
^en> pacniHpaTb „Kpyrb acH3HH", ne xo^erb AanaTb Poccin o6pa- 
30BaTejibHaro Aensa, ne nycRaerb rasoTb Bb Ty CTenb. 

C. EjinaTbeecKiH. 



HTO EGTB HOTHHA. 83 

oflHfflKH, AymeBHaro cxpaxa h JiHxopaAOHHaro Hcapa. B-b aro 
BpeMH HTo-To BamyMtJio bi. KyxHt, H napa Tsimejmx'b canor'b 
nojier'fejia bi* KOMHary. 3a nefl: nocjitAOBajiB BoarjiacB: 

— THcana ^epTejai 9ra Hciopia mh* naAO'bjia, HaKOHeq'B, 
KoH^iHTca 9Ta npoKJiaraa Cojitobhh hjih H'feTi>? 

B'B KOMHaiy BomejTb, maTaacb, AOjiroBasHtt 'lejiOB'bK'B, cb 

BCKJIOKOHeHHHJft CBtTJIOfl CopOAOfi, paCTpeneHHHMH BOJIOCaMH H 

aacTp^BniHMH bt> hh[xt> nepbHMH Hst iioAymKH, ci> oTeKmHMi) 
jiHE^oiTb H CTeKJiHHHUMH FJiasaMH. ^ojiTas pySauiKa ero 6Hjia 
paacTernyTa na KOCMaTOft rpy^H, pyitaBa 3acyieHU noBepx'b 

JIOKTefi. 

— HoprB Mesa bobbmh h ero 6a6yniKa! — aaKpHHaji'B ohi*, 
ocTaHOBHBoiHCB cTb uiHpoRo pascTaBjieHHHMH HOPaMH H ynop- 
niHCb pyKaMH bi> 6oKa, npn bha* FoTxojibAa, — hto ba'^^cb sa 
Kyrepbiia? JKHAOBCKaa CHHarora, tto jih, hto ne ji,B,jorh necTHOMy 
xpHCTiaHHHy BSApeMHyrb? 

FoTXOJibA'B MeAJieflflo noAHHJica h cb TpyAOM^b ocboCoahjtb 
CBOio pyKy Hs-b pyKi* 6ojibHoit. 

Ob rffbBHo cBepKaBfflHMH rjiaaaMH nomejiB OH'b na BCipi^y 
THraHTy, (JHBineMy Ha r^ijiyio rojioay BHme ero h cMoxpiB- 
ineMy na nero Tenepb cb AoCpoAyniHO-HacMtniJiHBoK yjiH6K0K 
cBOZx'b aacnaHHHX'b rjiaai). 

— MoJi^aTb! — cKaaaji-b ToTxojibA^, — « sanpemax) BaiiB 
npoHBHocHTb TaKia HenpacToflflHa pinn. H — hobhA AyxoBHHK'b 
BA'bniHaro npnxoAa h npnmejrb nponoB'bAHBaTb cjiobo Bo^e 
BT> acHJiEmaxB, TA* acHBerb HHiu;eTa h OtAHOcTb, noTOMy ^rro 
B'B HHX'b noceJiHJiocb HOBtpie H oTHyacAOflie otb Bora. H mo- 
jiDCb CB 9ToK CojibHoK H npHHccB eft HeCecHoe yrbmeHie. 

— AmHHBI — BCTaBHJIB MiOmeJIb, C^b KOMH^HO-npHTBOpHHM'b 

CMEpenieMB, noAHaBniH rjiaaa K'b nefiy.— FpoMB He6ecHHft! Bhjio 
jiH BA'fecb ^T0-HH6yAb noAo6Hoe? yciacAaeTe PHKy MOJiaTBOfl! — 
oBPb atecTKo aacMtajica. — Ho snaeTe jih, ae cJitAyeTB ciaHO- 
BHTbca nonepoKB Aoporn nejioBtKy, KorAa OH'b xohctb no cbo- 
escy npoBOAHTb Bpeiia, r. nacTopB^ RaHAHAarb hjih rto bh 
TaMi>... KorAa a AOMa h xony cnaTB, TorAa, npHMHxe 8to k'b 
CBiA^HiJo, a 3anpeni,aK) Kpn^aTb-. IIpHxoAHTe, noacajiyftCTa 
RorAa MOHa H'bTB AOMa... H He peBHHBB... Hy, co6HpaftTecb 
"^ToCti onaTb npHATH. Bohb TaMB hjiothhkb ocTaBHJiB AHpy! — 

0H1> yKasajI'b Ha BHXOAB, Cli OTBpaTHXeJIbHHMB CMtXOM'b. 

KpoBb 6pocHJiacb BB jiHi];o FoTXOJiBAa. 

— He OoroxojiBCTByflTe! — CKaaaji-b ohb yrpoacarontHMi* 
TOHOMB, — BH TaKate AOJiatHU 6yAeTe npeACxaTb nepeAB 
BoacinMi* cyAOMTb. PasB* bh ne AyMaexe o BOSMesAi h? Ha Ba 
mefl: coBtciH TaKB mhopo rp^xoBB, ^to y BacB ecib Bct ocho 
Bama TpeneiaTb nepoAB b^hehmb npaBocyAieMB. 

— ^a, — npoiaayjiB MiOTi^eJib paacTaBJiaa hoph eni,e mnpe. — 

3 



34 PyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

Bh Aynaexe? Fsl^b^ PHRa Ha6ojrrajia saifB?.. Hy, 8HaeTe jih, 
MOH jxhjiB, He jiojisRBH oropHaxb BacB... IIoHHMaeTe? Tpe- 
neiity h hjih whvh, Ba,wb aojiskho 6uTb Bce paBHo... Bama oco6a 
Meea xaKHce He HflTepecyen>. Hto BascB Boo6ine HyHCHO ba'^^cb, 
MHJiHl^ ^ejioB'bR'b? Mnib cobc'^m'b nenero ji'hJia.Th cb no- 
naMH. H — aTencTB h coqiajmcT'B. HaMi> najibqa wb porB 
He RJia^H. CxpaxoM'B HHHero ne no^'i^Jiaenib... OAHHi^rB cjio- 
bom'b, CRamy BaM-B, CMOipHTe, noacajiyflcTa, Ham-B ABopeq'B cna- 
py»tH: CB yjiHi^H oht> ropasAO RpacHste. HycB, BonpeKH npa- 
BHjiaM'B rocTenplHMCTBa a ji.ojisReE'b, npocHTB sacB yMxH, hjoc 
a BHHyHciteHT> 6y;iy AociaBHTB sacB BMicTi c-b BamHMH JiRUfi- 
MtpHHMH rjiynocTHMH B-B cyA^B... Hy? 

BojiBHaa, CB BospacTaioiiiHM'B cTp&,xowhy 3Bajia y^ce wh- 
CKOJiBRo paai*: — Jl¥>jiel JIioAe! — h OAHOBpeMenHo Cpocajia na 
roTxojiBAa, CToaBmaro ex hjiotho cata^jtiMH ry6aMH h noCjrfeA- 
H'bBinHM'B jihi^om'b, yMOJiaK)ii;ie bsfjihah, cMariaBmie ero rn'feB'B. 
Ohi* HaRjioHHJica k'b ne^ h Bsajii) ea pyRH. 

— Bh xoTHTe, ^to6h a ymejrbl 

— Ha, noacajiyflcTa, npomy BacB. Ecjih ohx lenepb eme 
CoJibme pa303jiHTca, xa CTanexB JiOMaxb cxyjiba h HencTOBCTBO- 
BaTb. Cii HEMi* A'feJiaeTca Ht^TO bx poA'b Ctjiofl ropa^RH. 

FOTXOJIbA'b MeAJIHJI-B. Owb GpOCKJTb MpaHHBifl B3rJiaAT> Ha 

MK)Ti];ejia, cxoaBmaro cb ocRajieHHHMH 3y6aMH h noAHaxHMZ 
RyjiaRaMH. 

— He npHAXH jih MHt onaxb? — xhxo cnpocmii) oh'b CoJiBHyro. 

— JSfl,, a o^eHb npomy Bacb oC-b axoM-b, r. nacxopb. Mh* 
cxajio xaR-B xopomo. 3aBxpa, ecjiH MOHcexe. JJfil JSfl o6'hjifii ero 
6ojibmeH) HacxbH) ne 6b[Baexi>. 

— A BH, Me^Ay xiMX, MoaHxecb, hxo6h Bor'b fiHa-b MHao- 
cepA'B R-B BaMTj! — OH'B oxomea'B oxi» RpoBaxH h Oescxpamno 
HanpaBHjica na Bcxptny paCoHeny, RoxopH^ cMoxptJiB na nero 
CB HaKJioHeHHOil BnepeAi) roJiOBO]& h najiHXHMH RpoBbi) raa- 
8aMH, xo'iHO roxoBHfi R'b HanaAemH) CHR-b. 

— BaM'b a eme ne CRa3aji'b nocjitAsaro cjioBa, — nporoBO- 
pHJi'b ohtj. — Tenepb a yxo5Ky, noxoMy hxo Bama ntena xaKB 
xoHexi>. Ho a em,e npHAy h pa3C'iHxaH)CB ci> [BaMH. ByABxe 
Bi* aiOM'B yBtpeHH. 

Oh-b nomejii*, norjiaAHB-B cb cocxpaAanieMB roaoBRH A*Tett, 
CHAiBmiixi) Ha nojiy, h saRpHJii) aa co6ok) AsepB. 

— ByAy yntacHo nojiBm;eHi> axofi ^ecrBio! — ycjinmajTB owb 
noaaAH ce6a. — Tanoe BtHCJiHBoe o6pamieHie ne RasKAHfi a^hb 

BHAHmB! 

H ROMHaxa aanpoatajia oxb cxpamnaro cirbxa; RasajiocB, ^xo 
cxapHRii Ha noAOROHHHR'j^ npoBajiHxca BM'i^cxi^ cb hhm'b. 

C'B npoxHBop'feHHBHMH "^yBcxBaMH HOAHajica ToxxowTBA'B no 
jihamim'b noABajia. 



VTO BOTB HOTHHA. 35 

Ile^ajib H OTBpaii^eHie noAHHJiHCb bt* ero jijxirb. Ohi> cnpa- 
inHBajiik ce6H, He jwiTnewb im owl Oujtb ociaTbCA? Butb mo- 
ixerby rpy6ufl saCyjiflHra otmcthtb 6oJibHofl ateHmnHt da to, 
^TO oHa MOJiHJiacB CB HHM^? He CMOTpn Ha TO, ^qTo y duoVt aa- 
-Cjiyflmeia flyniH, roTOBameflca npeACxaTb nepe^'B Boroii'b, cjoBa 
"ero ynajiH na CjiaronpiaTHyro no^By, h eny Raaajiocb, hto SAtcb, 
uoTRerb 6uTb, ohi* OncTpo AOcxBrnerb CBoett i^'fejin, y nero He 
4ihLjio HyBCTBa yAOBJieiBopemA. 

Ohi> ycTajii) h Ohjtb noAaBAeHi*... OAHa hbii Tucan'b! H Ta 
jMHpaBiAa^. A Bchx^b Apyrnxb, Roropue, Bibpo^THo, xaR^Re eaxo- 
THTb BaRpuTb nepeA'b neifb ABepH, RaRi) 6yAeTB ohi» o6paii](aTb 
Ki* Bory? 

^Axencrb h coi^iajiHCTb!*' — xBacTajii* npo ce6a nb^HHi^a. 
IIoieMy OHH TaRie? IIo^eMy ohh orrajiRHBanrb orb ce6A nci^'b- 
jieeie, Morymee o6jieriHTb Hx-b G-bAHOcib h Hy«cAy,— eAHHCTBen- 
eoe cpeACTBO, sHaROMoe ^ejiOB'ibnecTBy? IIoieMy ohh He xBaxa- 

OTCA Cb HCaAHOCTbH) 8a 8X0 HCI^'bjieHie? SA'bCb Bi^Ab HCXO^HHR'b^ 

TA* OHH MorjiH 6h yTOJiHTb CBOH) HcaMCAy H ycHOROHTb rop^mia 
panu. Ho ohh ne crjioh»h)T% ri> neny cBOHXb ycTb, ne ocbI- 
jRaDTb B'b HeM'b CBOHxi) paH'b. FopadAO Oojibme xpyAaxca ohh 
flaA'b rbM'b, ^tfoCh sarpaaHHTb hhcthh boah axoro Hcxo^HHRa 
H BnycRaxb no RanjiHM'b pas'b'ibAaDn^iK a^h B'b cboh rnoaiAiHCH 
paHH. HoneMy? Kto oOxHCHHTb 9to HenoHflXHoe? 



IV. 

MeA^eHHo mejiTj FoxxoJibAi^ no yjiHi^aMi> npnpi^HHaro RBap- 
Tajia. Owh fiHJTb HeAocxyneH'b HOBHM'b Bnenaxji'bHiaM'b; to, 

^TO 0H1» BHA^^JTb H CJIHEXaJTb, eiqe CJIUniROM'b CHJIbHO BOJIHO- 

Bajio ero. Offb OABa sarjiHHyji'b bi> Mipi*, cii RoxopHM'b naMi^- 
peeajiCH BCxynnTb bx 6opb6y, ho ^xoTb eAHHH^HHfi cjiy^afi, 
paaBepnyBiiiiticH nepeA'b euui> bo Bcet! cBoed narori^, chhbo- 
jiH3HpoBajn> coTHH ApyrHXt, ROTopHX'b eMy npeAcxoHXb ysHaxb 
B'b 6yAyuieMi>. HenaBHcxb h saBHCXb Kb xoaaeBaM'b, xynoe 
flpo8fl6aBie deaii Bora, 6e3i> Bivpn B'b JiyHmee Ha xoMb CB^rb — 
BOTb B'b HOM-b Bci OHH noxoAHTT> Apyr^b Ha Apyra. H Fb 9T0ia 

TbWh OWb AOJIffCeHB 3a»e^b CB'i^TO^'b B'&HHOtt HCXHHU! 

Pa6oHi{! RBapxaJii*, norpy»ceHHHja B'b nocji'bo6']bA6HHuK ox- 
jsUTbi ocraJiCH noaajiH. CpeAH 6e8HHOJieHHaro MHO»cecTBa pa6o- 
HHX'b BHjumnroBCRHX'b aaBOAOBi), Bcxp'i^HaBniHxcH eMy no ao- 
porb, OWb BHajTb MHornx'b; eMy Raaajiocb cxpannHM'b, hto Oojib- 
iHHHCXBO HB'b Hnxi* BOAeTb noAi> pyRy HapaAHuxi* aeenn^HH^, 
ee CMOxpa na xo, hxo— FoxxoJibA'b anajTb 9xo — ohh ho srq- 
saxu. BcH dxa apRaa, napHAHaa xojina nanpaBJiaJiacb R'b aaro- 
poAHOMy caAy. Owb BcnoMHHJi'b, Hxo cRasajia eMy ^axoxoHHaa: 

3* 



36 P700R0B BOFATOTBO. 

oHa H Jlro^ie He mofjih oeBtH^aifcCH, noiOMy ^ro no ycTany bhji=- 
jiHHroBCRHX'b BBBOff.OB'h nwb Banpen^ajiocB »ceHHTbc.a, h ohk 
»CHJiH wh HeaaROHHOM'b OpaR'ib. He nocxynaiDTb jih TaR»ee h btrl 
Bci? Bee JIH 06CTOHTB CJiaronoJiyHHo b-b 8tomi> „o6pa8i^oBOM'b^ 
nopflt^tRf, RaK-B oiTB caMii AyMaJiTi H RaR-B AyMarorB, CyATo 6if 
J^pyrie? 

KorAa Fotxojiba'b Bomeji'B b-b nepeyjioK-B, ofb yBHAiJii*^ 
HaBepxy napR"B h BHJiJiy cBoero jiHjs;a. Owb BcnoMHHJi'B o 
etflHocTH poAHaro AOMa. Y^Ke ero A'feA'b He mopb yAepacaTB sa- 
C060K) ciaparo poAOBoro HMima BeHAen-B. TpyAHO 6hjio CRa- 
3aTB, HTO npHBejJo Kb pa33opeHiK): ynaAOR'B jih cejiBCRaro xo^ 
3HficTBa BOoCme, rpixH jih OTi^a, pacTpaTHBinaro cboh) mchbhs^ 
H AeHbPH Ha BoeHHO^ cjiy»c6'&, pacroHHTejiBHHl^ jih oCpasi^ 
MtH3HH 9Toro TopAaro $OH'B-BeHAeHa, oCaaanHaro, RaR-B offb^ 
nojiaraji-B, bccth »ch3Hb Cojibmoro 6apHHa, bi to BpeMa, RaRi» 
xjA6Ty eusfi Ha RopHK) saKJiaAHBajiCH RpeAHTopani): mosrot^ 

6HTb, Bce BMicri Baaxoe. 

]1bt> ciaparo paasopoHHaro BeHAOHCRaro aaMRa, pacnojio- 
xceHHaro HCAaJieRO ot-b BajixiflcRaro Mopii h y^te nepemeAinarc^ 
Kb RpeAHTopaMi>, (|)a6pHRaHrB rep6eprB BnjuiHHrB BBHJVb ce&h 
TOFAa Bii ;KeHH 6apoHeccy KoHCTaHi^lK). YAaJiocB jih 6u ^to eiiy 
npn ApyrHX'B oCcroHTeJibCTBax'B, ocxajiocB BecBMa coMHHTeJiB- 

HHM'B. KdiKb CaMOyB'bpeHQHtt HeJIOB'bR'b, OHT) H TOFAa, BHAHMO 

HA« B'b ropy, HyBCTBOBaji'B ce6a h jjfi^mhJVby RaR-B Coran-B. BeHAOHH 
BcerAa cxporo cjitAHJiH aa hhctotoA CBoeft RpoBH h ocoCenHo, co 
BpoMeHH CBoero nocTeneHnaro naAeniH, Rp'bnRO Aep»caJiHCb 3a 
CTapue aaB^TH h npeApascyARH cBoero poAa. ToMy, hto cb a^b-^ 
EiiTb BpeMeHb Ohjio npnanaHO cnpaBeAJiHBHM'B, ohh cji'bAOBajis 
CB mejiianofl tbopaoctbh), h hh^to ho mofjio sacTaBHTB hx'b csep-^ 
Hyrb CB AoporH, ocjih 6h A^tHce hm^ yrpoacajia nyacAa h onac- 
HOCTb. Hx'b ynpaMCTBO h HaciottHHBocTB, RaR-B B'B xopomeM-B,. 

TaR-B BB AypHOM-B, CfcUIH 06meH3BtCTHH. KpymeHiO JIH BOHAeH- 

CRaro Cjiaronojiynifl h CjiecRa, BH8BaBmee, hohth OAHOBpeMOHHO, y 
ciaparo 6apHHa y^api., ociaBHBmift napajiHi-B hojiobhhh itjia^ 
noROJieOajio BeHAOHOBCRyio HeyMOJiHMOCib; hjih Apyraa npn^HHa^ 
(MHorie B'B THXOMOjiRy roBopHJiH, ^to CoraiHft bhtb, nojiy^HB- 
mifli ein,e ao 6paRa cb KoHCTaHi^ie]& (|)OH'B-BeHAeH'B AsopaH- 
cRoe aoctohhctbo, cbohmh AeHBraMH noRpHJi'B ntooTopHS' 
coMHHieJibHka (|)HHaHcoBUH onopaqiH CapoHa, rpoanBiniH no- 
ROJieOaib AOB'&pie Kb HneHH BeHAOH'B), Ta,Kb n ociajiocB Hena-^ 

B'i^CTflblM'B. 

CiapHfit dapoHi* HOAOJiro npoacHJiB nocjii paaaopeflia cBoera 
AOManOpaRa CBoefi AO'iepn. Oh'b fiajTB H36aBJieH'B ott> Toro,HTo6K 
BHA'feTb, RaRi* ero eAHHCiBeHHUti chh'b, oieqi* FoTxojibAa, necb^ 
noaTfeACTBia othxt* coOurifl. He OyAyiH bb cocioaHiH »htb- 
CB acenoK) H A^TbMH Ha o(|)HqepcRoe McajioBaHBO, oh'b, RaKit. 



HTO BOT& HOTHHA. 37 

iiHHMu^ 6oraTHli HacJi'&AHHR'L, HceHHJica Ha o'lenb 6'bAHOft js.'k- 
BymKi, Ao^epn BHaxHaro renepajia, HMtBinaro MHoro n^Tefl; 
OTKasajicH oTb cjiym6H h noJiynajTb M'bcxo HHcneRTopa bI) 
^jiaroTBopnreJibHOM'B y^peHCAeaiH bi> OAHOM'b MaJieHbKOMT> ro- 

POAK*, B^aJIH OT*B OfimeCTSa, TA* OH-b, KaK'b MOJIOAOit Mop- 

€Kofl o(|)Hi^ep'b, He Mori* paacHHTUBaTb na ycnix'b. B-b axMo- 
c({)ep^ nocTOAHHHX'b orop^eniti, HCKyccTBenHo BanacKHpoBaH- 

Hofi 6'bAHOCTH H CTporo^ peJIHrlOBHOCTH, BaM'&HflBniett BCi 

<3jiara Mipa h HBJiABmefiCH KaK'b 6h iiUHTOM'b npoTHFb coOjias- 

flOBl »tH3HH, BHpOCb FoTXOJIbfl'b. Bb ROWh QTO OTE^a TOpaSAO ^dLlUfi 

^OJiHjiHCb, '^'hwb 'hua, Bi ocofiennocTH Maxb HSJiHBajia bii ho- 
jiHTBax'b paBOHapoBanifl, nocTHrmia ee B'b mnsHH h CA'^^Jiasmifl 
^e cypoBoK H cKpHTHo^. Oxei^'b me cranosHJicH Bce anaxH^- 
she H cMHpeHHte. HaKoaei^'b, aioro THxaro HejioBtna ne 
«Tajio cjmmHO B'b aom'6: B'b oahhi» npeKpacHH^ Aenb Hamjin 
«ro MepTBHM'b B'b nocTejiH. Bpa^'b KOHGTaTHpoBajii> paspuB'b 
cepAi^a; oKaaaJiocb, ito yMepmiit nocHJib B'b ceCt xaacejioe cep- 
j^eHHoe cTpaAaeie yace MHoro ji'hrb, He npoponHB-b HHKorAa 
'CAOBa »caJio6H h ne A'^a^ ynyu^eni^ B'b CBOHX'b cjiyHce6HHX'b 
oCflsaHHOCTHX'b. JIfi nocji'^AHAro naca cjiymHJi'b oht> B'^pko na 
<5BceH'b nocTy, ne npHHHMafl HHRorAa noMoiii;H, oTKyAa 6h ona 
sa npeAJiarajiacb. IIpe^AB Bcero oH'b 6ujrb HenoROJie6HM'b B'b 
<;BoeMi> p'^meniH ne nojibaoBaTbcn KaRoiK 6u to hh Cujio no- 
MOiii;bK) orb CBoero 6oraTaro 3^ta, HeycxaHHO npeAJiaraBmaro 
<ee CO cBOflCTBeHHoia eny mnpoRo-pHi^apcRofl roTOBHocTbio. 

TaR-b ynep'b OH'b, KaR'b HacToamitt BeHAeffb, h roTxojibAi> 
<)oxpaHHJi'b rjiy6oRoe 6jiaroroB'hHie R'b yMepmeMy, xoth ne 6ujrh 

Cb HHM'b HHROFAa 6j[H30R'b UpH ^HBHH. 

HyacAa CA'i^Jiajiacb nocroaHHofi rocrbefi B'b jsflwh. 

Tenepb a^Tb, HasHa^eHHHft onoKyHOM'b ocHporfeBniHX'b a*- 
Tefl, AOJMceH'b fiuji'b npHHflTb B'b KHX-b ynacTie, rhwb Coji'be, 
^To Maxb 6£iJia coBepmeHHO neonHTHa B'b »ch3hh h ii3'b-3a 
jifbJTh cBoero pejinrioBHaro RpymRa npeHe6perajia ^acxo 3a6o- 

TaMH AOM'fe. BoBBeAeHHHit B'b ABOpfllHCROe JIOCXOHHCXBO, ROM- 

Mepi^iH coB'fexHHR'b, 6oraxcTBO H sna^eHie Roxoparo Bce Boapa- 
<5Tajio, xoxiji'b nycxHTb FoxxoJibAa no BoeHHotl Aoporfe. „BeH- 
^eH'b AOJiHten-b Hocnxb BoeHHHft MynAHp-b", — Caji'b ero hoctohh- 
bhA npHH'bB'b. Ho FoxxojibAT* npoaBHJi'b Hacxoft^HBOcxb. Orei^T> 
He pas'b npeAocxeperaji'b ero na c^eTb 6jiecxHin;arQ MyHAHpa, 
BwbcTh c-b ROxopHM'b B3BajiHBaexcH Ha nJie^H i^'&naa Macca 
npeApascyAKOB'b h nacxo neBHnojiHHMHa, cooxB'fexcxByromiH 
iiojioaceHiK), oC^saHHOCXH. Oht* xox^ji-b npeAOcxepe^b ero oxi> 
^Toro Cjiecxamaro yCoHcecxBa h npoApacnojiaraJi-b R'b AyxoBHOMy 
nonpHmy. H cairb FoxxoJibA'bi noA'b BjiiJiHieM'b axMOC(t)epH, i^a- 
pHsmeU B'b poAHxejibCROM'b AOM'b, B'b CB0HXT> MHCJiax'b 6yAy- 
jufiWb xaK'b CBHKCH cb 3XHMi> caMOHomepxBOBaHieM'b, ^xo nyrajica 



88 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BCJIKOfl HOBOfi BOSMOaCHOCTH yCTpOHTb «CH3Hb HHaHG. Bb^ 

newb 5KHJI0 ropanee cxpeMJieHie A'b^CTBOBaTb h npHHocHTb- 
nojibay. Bt> ero KpoBH 6hjih KanjiH Apyroft KpoBH, noCyacAftB- 
men ero OTAajieHHHX'b npeAKOBi> crpoHTb cboh yKpinjieHHHe^ 

3aMRH B6jin8H MOpa H HHTaTbCH M'ibinaTb MHOrOHHCJieHHHM'B- 

Ha6'braM'L oashxI) na BJiaAtma Apyrnx-B, hto(5h aiHM'b ny- 

TCM-B MHOaCHTb CBOH HM'feHia H HOM'feCTba. Mo?KerB (5HTb, B'b 
HeM'b CHJia ^aCTb KpOBH BJiaCTOJIHHOB'L, CHA'feBmHX'B TdK'b AOJIFO 

Ha BeMJiaxi) BeflAeHX h npaBHBoiHX'b, KdkKb MajienbRie RopoJiH^ 
Hh^to BCMHoe He npHBJieKajio ero, sa to ohi> acejiaji-b npio(5p'fecTB 
BJiacTb HaATE> AyxoM-b H craTb pyKOBOAHTejieM'B rtx-b, KTO ajinerb^ 
H acamAeTT> Bb^aaro HcqijieBia, cpeAH yOomecTBa Mipa. Ero 
^H3Hb AOJiH^Ha npHBaA^neHcaxb 6iti\EhiWh h neciacTHHM'b. H 
CL hhcto BeHjzeHCKoa HenoKOJieCHMocTbK) H nocjitAOBaTejib- 
HocTbH) meji-B OH'B Kh cBoefi i^tjiH, OAO(5peHHofi Maiepbio h paa-^ 
CMaipHBaeMOfl: hmTj, KaK-B nocjitAHee mejianie OTD;a. KoMMepi^iH 

COB'bTHHK'b TaKace AOJIJKeHl> fiHJl'b, B-b KOHI^* KOHI^OB-b, COFJia- 

CHTbca cb ero njianaMH. Ki) TOMy ace, BOBce ne cociaBJiajio 

piAKOCTH, HTO CHHOBbfl CTapHHHHX'b, BHaTHHX'b (J)aMHJliil HO 

aBjiHjiHCb Ha i^epKOBHHXTb KaeeApax'b; y KaTOJiHKOBB yate- 
AaBflo Bomjio bi* o6Hqaa, ^to ohh HaA'feBaiorb CBaniieHHHHecKiji 
pH3H HJiH MOHamecKyH) pacy. Oahh'b hsb BeHAenoB'b bx can'fc^ 
AyxoBHaro JiHi^a MoaceTb jierKO CA^JiaTbca Morynefl 3aiu.HT0ft j^Jis 
HaxoAamaroca bi. onacHOcrn naipiapxajibHaro nopaARa bb- 
lUieit, RorAa pacnpocTpaHaromeeca no Bceft CTpani HeBipie- 
MomHO noAHHMerb cboio rojioBy. Epn btom'b ROMMepi^ia co-- 
B'feTHHR'b AyMaji'B TaRHce H CBOHX^B HHTepecax'B. Cqi^iaJiB- 
hhK Bonpocb HaHHHaerB BaanMaTb mnpoRie Rpyrn, h B-b ne- 
npepHBHo pacTyiuiHX'b paAax-b pa6o^HX'b Ha^HHaeTca 6po5Keeie^ 
HcTBepToe cocjioBie paaBepnyjio cBoe BHana, h 9To 3HaMa ORpa- 
meno RpoBbio. 

rOTXOJIbAT* yJIOBHJI'b MHCJIH, BHCRasaHHHa MHMOXOAOM'b eVO 

AaAefi, RorAa ohh nocfeiHjiH oAHaacAu npoMtimjieHHHti yia- 
CTORT): BH'hcb, TA'fe nponoBtAyeTca „HOBoe yneHie** oCTb o6iii,etl 
co(5cTBeHHocTH H HenpaBoit BJIaA'feH)^^HX'b BeMaeio, AyxoBHOMy 
oTi^y cjiiAycT-b A^fiCTBOBaTb Cb yBJie'ieHieM'b, h ataAHofi 3aBH- 
CTH HeHMym.HX'b H coRpymHTejibHOMy hx-b CTpeMJieHiio npoTHBo- 
nocTaBHTb Kpecrb, K8lki> BaRJinnaTejibflyH) (|)opMyjiy h nyTb k-b. 
eAHHCTBCHHOMy Hci^'fejieHiH). IIpeacA© scero, Rone^Ho, npHAeic^ 
cepbeBHO yrjiyCHTbca bt* HayRy. BeBB coMniHia, caMOMy npnaeac- 
HOMy cTyAeHTy Teojiorin ona AOCTaeica ropaBAo TpyAfffee, H'bMi>> 
AOCTaneTca nocjiiAHeMy Capony (|)OHi>-BeHAeHB. Ero y^HTejia CTa-^ 
pajiHCb yAepacaib ero na npo(J)eccopcROMB nonpHmt, ho ohb Chjii*- 
TBepA'b: ero acHSHB AOJiacna npHHaAJieacaiB CTpaacAyni,eMy lejio^ 

BineCTBy. OH'B XOTfejIB A^fiCTBOBaTb, RaR-b MHCCiOHepB, HO- He^ 

Bi» AajieRHXB HacTax-B cBiiTa, a nponoBiAHBaTB eBanrejiie cpeAK- 



J 



9T0 BGTL HOTHHA. 39 

CBOHx-B 6paTbeB'b, yAajiHBHiHxcH orb Bora, bhocth CBtrb cbh- 
ToS HCTHHH BO TbMy, TA* TEhdjiETCsi Hoc^acTie H 6e3HaAeatH0- 
CTb. rope H B03MymeHie. 

BoopyateHHHti bc^mh BHaeinMH 6orocjioBCKO]& HayKH, oh-b 
ocTaBHJi'b yHHBepcHTOT'b, ^to6h Ha nepBHXi) nopax-b saHflTb Mi- 
cro CBfliuieHHHKa B-b AepeBencKOM'b npnxoA'fe h HMtTb jiocyr^b 
AJia AajibH'feaniHX'b nay^HHX'b Ban^Titl. no9TOMy ToTxojibA'b 
oxoTHO npHHHJi'b M^CTO, npeAJio^coHHoe eny ero J^s^^,e& bi. Itrojib- 
xoBi, 6jiH3b nixeTHHa. K-b aTOMy BpeMOHH yMepjia ero naxb, 

H OBTb BBflJI'b Kb 006* CBCTpy. 

CT) 3THMH BocnoMHHaHiHMH FoTxoJibAT* niejn> no Aopori Kh 
BflJiJi* KOMMepqiH coB^THHRa. IIpoftA^ JiHnoBoK ajiJieeK OT'b 
ptmaT^aToft KajiHTKH ao rjiaBHaro BxoAa bT) AOMTb, oHTb BApyr'b 
yBHA'feJi'b npeAi* coColi cTapul! saMOKTi BeHAeHi>. CTpanHo, hto 
TOJibKO Tenepb eMy CpocHJiocb B-b rjiasa, HacKOJibKO ero A'SA^j 
npH nocTpoflKax-b B^b HMtHin, Cpajii aa oCpaaei^'b poAOBoil jif)uj> 
BeH^ieHOB'b. XoTa caM'b ToixojibA'b OHJi'b xaM-b oAHH-b paaib bt> 
rocTHX'b y CBoero AtayniKH, aToro ciaparo, KpacHBaro roc- 
noAHHa ch Oojibmofi, e-fejioft CopoAoK h cl 6jiecram;HMH mojio- 
AUMH rjiaaaMH, ho oht> o^eHb xopomo noMHHTb T-feHHCTyio ajiJieio 
HB'b CTapHxi) jiHa-b, BOAyiuyro OT'b nojiypaapymeHHHX'b, ynpa- 
meHHiiX'b rep6aMH RaMeHHHXT> Bopoi-b Kb aaMRy. H usiKb ara 
OhjiSLa BHJUia, ohij laKace fiHJi'b oKpyateH'b aejienott paMKoft 
noAcrpHHceHHHX'b AepeBbeBT>. Ho TOJibKO TaMi Bce Chjio 
crape, BeTxo h hochjio OTne^aTOKi) rpycTH, a BA^cb Bce 6jiec- 

TtjIO H CiilJIO CB'fejKeCTbK). MHHOBaJIO BpeMH CTapHX'b (|)eoAajib- 
HHX-b SaMKOB-b, yCTynHBinHX'b M^CTO pOCKOmHHMT> BHJIJiaM'b KO- 

pojiefl npoMHmjieHHOCTH. JlHBpeftHHft JiaKefl, BcipiTHBinitt Tot- 
xojibAa, AOJioHtHji-b eMy, hto rocnoAa xenepb B'b napKt h hto 
cett^aci» TOJibKO hhjih KO(|)e na Teppaccfe; ne npoBOAHTb jih 
r. nacTopa? FoTXOjibA'b oTKJiOHHjrb npeAJioateHie, npomejrb B'b 
caA'b no mnpoKOMy KoppHAopy, BHMoin;eHHOMy i^BtTEHMH Ka- 
MeHHHMH njiHTaMH, H BHinejib Ha Teppaccy, oOcTaBJieHHyH) 

OJieaHApaMH n JIHMOHHUMH A6peBSflMH B'b AOpeBHHHHX'b RaA- 

Raxi). Orfena bhjijih fiHJia yBHTa BA'fecb i^B'feiymHMH tjihi^h- 
HiaMH. HaA'B 6jiaroyxaH)iii;HMH jibjiobumh khctamh RpyjKH- 
jiocb Ces'iHCJieHHoe mhohcoctbo mMOJiefl. TjiaaaM'b OTKpHBa- 
Jiacb KapTHHa npocTopa cKBoab BepxymKH AopeBbeB-b, noKpH- 

BaBmHX'b BCb nepOBHOCTH XOJIMHCTOft nO^BH BOJIHyiOmHMCH MO- 

pcMi) sejieHH. B'b orpoMHoft KHTaficKott KJifeTK* meficTajiH H 
jiexajiH necTpHH aKSOTH^ecKia othi^h. Bhate> na ropoAi> coBep- 
moHHo aaKpHBajiofl BHCHBmei&CH na npoTHBonojioMCHOli CTopont 
Atnbi) X0JiM0Bi>; myMa aaBOAOBi^ coBepmeHHO He 6hjio cjiHmno; 
cjiibBa BHAHfejiacb, CBepKasmaH cpeAH aejiOHH JiyroB-b, ^acTb 
pfeKH, CO cKOjibBamHMH HO Hefi 6ojibmHMH CiJiHMH cyAaMH; 
npHMo BHCTynajia nocrpoflKa HOBOfi i^epKBH, bi paMK'fe (|)pyK- 



40 PFOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

• 

TOBHXi) flepeBBeB'B. TojibKO ceroAHfl b-b nepBHti paa-L FoTxojiBffb 
noAjMBjnb, KaK-b sjx'^ch Bce XHipo sajxyMaHO h ycrpoeHo. Sji'hch 
HyBCTBOBajiocb, — 6yAT0 MCHBeinb na cBofioAHOft, AaJieKO]& Bep- 
mHffb, yeflHHeHHofl h yAajieHHOft orb CBtTa, cpeAH o6aaBM 
CBiaceft BeceHHeft npHpoAH, oKpysKennHfl BceBoaMOMcnHM-b yTOH- 

HeHH£IMl> ROM^OpTOM'b, a THWh BHH3y j[iaBHrb CBOHM'b CTOHOM'b 

H njianeM^b cypoBan HCHBHb, KOTopyD ohi TOJibKo ^to nafijiro- 
jiSLJTh cb cepAe^HHiTB yacacoM-b. 

— HaKOHeA'bTo! — npHBtTCTBOBaJTb ero KOMMepi^iH COBtTHHK'b, 

AepacaBmifi ^emjiy najibi^aMH cnrapy h naniKy mokko B'b pyK*. — 
Th AOJiro sacTaBHJi'b ce6a atAaTbl 

FoTxojibA'b npoOopMOTaji'b HBEHHenie, a^opoBaacb ciy ero ate- 
HO^, cHAtBmea B'b njieTCHHOMTb KpecJit. Bji^AHaa h MOJinajm- 
Baa, KSLKh BcerAa, ona see eii],e 6ujia RpacnBol!, npe;];cTaBHTejib- 

HOfi 5KeHIUiHH0ft, Cb HHCTO BeH^eHCKOfl HapyaCHOCTbH), Cli CHJIbHO 

6£iA^K)u];HMCii Ji6owb H MflPRHM'b BHpameHieM'b ry6i>. Ho B'b en 
TeMHuxi> FJiasax'b, xaR'b RpacHBo rapMOHHpoBaBmnx'b ct> boji- 

HHCTHMH nOC'J^A'^BmHMH BOJIOCaMH, OUJIO COBCbMl* HO BeHACH- 

CRoe BHpaHceme cxpaxa hjih yacaca iiepeAij H'iM'b-TO neonpe- 

A'fejieHHHM'b. Bb npOTHBOnOJIOaCHOCTb TBepAOft nOBeJIHTeJIbHOtt 

(|)Hryp'fe My5Ka, bo BceM'b ea cymecTB* 6hjio ^to-to [H-feacHoe h 
poCRoe. 

PaAOMi* Cb Hero CHA*Jia Ao^b ea, BaaecRa, HacToauiilfl nop- 
TpeTT) OTii;a, 6HTb Moacerb, nepeaiyp-b naoiaaa h cnabnaa ajih 
CBoero noaa h BoceMHaiiuaTH ai^xi}. Ee mohcho 6Hao aasBaTb 
o^eHb RpacHB0]&, HO Cbiao ^toto caHmROMT> HaHBHoe B'b 6oab- 
mHX'b, caerRa BtinyRaHXi), roayCHX-b raaaax'b h B'b pyMaHOMT*, 
AHmam.eM'b SAopoBbeM'b, noaHOM'b aHA*. B'b ea ofipameniH 
CRB03Hao npocTOAyniHoe yxapcTBO, ry6H Raaaancb BcerAa ro- 
TOBHMH GM'baTbca. Ha EeH 6ujn> RocTroM'b a^^ih Tennnca HS'b 
etaoft inepcTaHoft MaiepiH, ocTaBaasinitt otrphtoA npeRpacHofl 
4)opMH mero. neperHyBmHCb nepea-b CToai>, ona, He o6pamaa 
BHHMama na FoTxoabAa, noAA^pacHBaaa paaroBop'b B'b o^eab 
BeceaoM'b roni cb AsyMa MoaoAHMH aroAbMH, CHAtfirnHMH 

npOTHB'b Hea. KoMMOPAIH COBiTHHR'b npoACTaBHa'b OAHoro HS-b 

HHX-b, r. (|)OH'b-BpeHReHAop$a, nopy^HRa RBapTHpoBaBmaro 
B'b ropoA* n-fexoTHaro noaRa, MaaeHbRaro noABnacHoro 0(|)h- 
i^epHRa, cii opAHuapHHM'b aHAOifb, ^epHH&cH ycaMH h B'b 
neHCH3 Ha Hocy. Bo BropoM'b, CHA^BmeM'b nenoABHacHo h co- 
cpeAOToneno, B'b ^epeanyp'b aaeranTHOM'b RocrroMi, ch pyfiAOM'b 
Ha n^ORt H MOHORaeiTb B'b raasy, ToTxoabA'b yBHaa'b coRpeiapa 
npaBaenia, FyCepTa BnaanHra, naeMaHHHRa ROMMepAia coBti- 

HHRa. Ofl'b nOAHaaCa tyh HSHCRaHHHM'b AOCTOHHCTBOM'b, TI!06U 

npoTaayTb FoTXoabAy Tpn naabAa cornyToitt noA'b npaMUM'b 
yraoM-b pyRH, h npofiopMOTaa'b: ^HpeaBH^aftHO npiaxHo!" — 3a- 
Thwb owb CHOBa O'hJTbj BHnpaMHBmHCb, RaR'b npeacAe, noraa- 



\ 



HTO EGTB HGTHHA. 41 

^HBaa pyKoft to Bbiomieca paacie bojioch, ci> npoCopoM-L no 
cepeAHH*, TO npoBOAa no CpHTHM-L joslwl h npHCJiyinHBancb 
Kb pasTOBopy MBSKjiy BajiecKoft h nopy^HKOMi>. CoanaHie cbo- 
ero npeBocxoACTBa oTpa^^aJiocb na ero yMHOM-B jihi;*, cb y^H- 
BHTeJiBHo 6e3CTpacTHHMH rJiasaMH. 

— Ham-L TeoAop'b TaKoro sue BoapacTa,— CKa3aJia(|)pay Bhji- 
JiEHr-B, yKaauBaH na njiOMaHHEKa, — a naxoHcy, hto ohh ohchb 
noxo5KH Apyri> Ha Apyra, KaKi* BHtmHocTbio, TaKi h BHyT- 
peHHHMH AocTOHHCTBaMH. TeoAopi* coBcfeM-b ApyTOfl, ^'hwb Ba- 
JiecKa... Ho npeACTaBb ce6'fe, FoTxojibA'b: Majib^HK'b ne atejiaerb 
ybaacaTb hsx AHrjiin! BipoaTHO, Tairb oH'b nyBCTByerb ceOn 
Jiynine. — Ona nocMOTpijia na aero nenajibHHMH rjiaaaMH. 

Ho mnpoKOMy BHayiuioMy Ji6y KOMMepi^ia coBtTHHica, Ka- 
aajiocb, MCJibKHyjia TtHb, KorAa OH'b aaroBopHji-b: 

— Hy, ^To Hc*b TaKoe? ^jia nacb, npoMtimjieHHHX'b JiiOAefi, 
TaMi) 6e3KOHeHHo MHoroMy moscho nayHHTbCfl. H a nocjiajn> ero 
TyAa HMCHHo AJia yneHiH. Bia cxpana h BTorb napoA'b aajii^a- 

TejIbHH rfeMT*, HTO HMX HJIH OTAaeUIbCH AyniOH) H T'fejIOM'b, HJIH 

A'feJiaeinbca nx-b BparoMi*. CepeAHHH, KameToa, ho OHBaoTi*... 
Bo BC'fex'b anrjiHTOHax'b ecTb ^to-to yAHBHiejibHo npHTHsaTejib- 
Hoe, KaKoe-TO acejiame HMtTb Bce AJia ce6a, Bce npHHopasjiH- 
BaTb K'b ceCi. TeoAopi) CAtJiaJica coBpoMeHHHM'B anrjiH^anH- 
HOMHb... Ka^Aaro cjii^jjjeTh npeAOCTasHTb ero coCcTBeHHHM'b 
BKycaMx. 

— Ho B^Ab offb y nacb eAHHCTBeHHHfi! — nenajibno npo- 
roBopujia (|)pay BnjiJiHHrB. — H y Meea KaKoe-To npeA^yBCTBie, 
rep6eprb, KaKoe-To npeA^yBCTBie... — Ba rjiaaa craHOBH Jincb Bce 
HenoABHacHte. 

— Ax'b, TBOH Bi^HHa npe;i^yBCTBia! 

— Ocpb HaBtpHoe He Bepnerca, FepCepT-b. Th yBHAHmb. 
KoMMepAiH coB'feTHHK'b 3ao6HO sacMtaJica: 

, — 9to Chjio 6h HeAypHo! H cnpamHBaK): no^eny? BtAb 
€My BA^cb, KaateiCH, ne naoxo... ~ OH'b npHBtxaHBO yaH6- 
Hyjica. 

Opay BHaaHHFb cao»cHJia cboh xyAHa, 6'hmia pyKH, noTe- 
pesi* oAHy Apyryro, h ycTaBHJiacb na ehxi* HenoABHSKHHM'b 
BarjiHAOM'b. Ee KaK'b 6yAT0 3Ho(5hjio. 

— HoRa Bce ae pyxaerb bi^ oaho npeKpacHoe yTpo, — npo- 
^opMOTajia oHa,— noKa t* TaM'b ne npocnyTca h ho npHAyTi 
ciDAa, FepCeprb... TeoAop-b 9to Taitace npeABHAHTb, KaK'b h a. 

HoBTOMy Offb H He BepHOTM. 

BnjiJiHHrb noKa'iaji'b roaoBoft ne to cb cocTpaAaHieM*b, ne 
TO CT> rniBOM'b. 

— HayMHTejibHo! — npoHsnecb OH'b co bbaoxomi. — BcerAa oAHa 
H Ta ate HaBa3^HBa« HAea, HS'b KOTopoit BBiTeKaeTi> y Te6a Bce 
ooTaabHoe. Ax-b, ecan 6h Te6a mohcho 6Hao cpa3y Bttnt^HTb 



42 PFGOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

0Tb Hen! H cnpamHaaio, paaBt na mohxt> BBBojisxh Bce TaKi^ 

MepSKO, HTO MO^HO npHHHMaTb paOo^HX'B 3a rOJIOHHHX1> co- 

6aK'b, roTOBHXt copBaTbca cii ufkuvi KaJK^yio MHHyTy h nanacTb 
Ha HacB? IlycTb xeOt cKamerb jirofiofl, kto HaOjiioAaJi'b cbohmh 
coOcTBeHHHMH, CesnpHCTpacTHHMH rjiasaMH. TeCfl b'^ab He yro- 

BOpHIHb H He yfiiAHinb, H MHi TH He BtpHHIb. 

<E)pay BHJiJiHHrb fipocHJia HcnHTyiomitt B3rjiflAi> Ha Fot- 
xojibAa, npHCJiymaBmarocH cb HsyMJieHieM-b kt* paaroBopy h 
aaroBopHBinaro xenepb tohomi> cocTpaAani^: 

— HeyHcejiH, Aoporan Tern, — ^th TaK'b fionmbca? Th coBep- 
meHHO HenpaBHJibHo pncyemb nojiomeeie a*Jii>? Htrb HHKa- 
KHX'b ocHosaHift jiJisi CTpaxa. Mwh Kamexca, hto TaMX, BHHsy, 
AyMaioTB ^ewb yroAHO, TOJibKo He o BoacTaniH h mh- 
Tem'fe. H aaTtM-b, a Mory ceOt nosBOJiHTb cKaaaib onpeA'fe- 
jieHHo, HTO Ha BHJiJiHHroBCKHXi> 3SLBoji,B,Tb Bce ycTpoeHo TaK'b 
npeKpacHO, ^to paOo^Hifb xpyAHo naflATH noBOA'b k-b neAO- 

BOJIbCTBy. 

— A ecjiH 6h hto cjiy^HJiocb, cyAapHHa, to B^Ab mh Toate 
eme sjxifCh, TaKi> cKaaaTb, — BCKpHHaJiij nopy^HKB (j[)OHT>BpeH- 
KeHAopcl)^. — IIoKa y nacb ecTb eui^e naTpoHH, Moacexe CuTb 
cnoKotoH. ripH nepBott KOMaHA*: hjihI— boh 8Ta rjiynaa 

TOJIQa paSJieTHTCfl BX paSHHa CTOpOHH. Mfli 9T0 BHaKOMO. H 

cTOHJi'b B-b BecT^ajiiH, KorAa, ABa roAa TOMy naaaA'b, na^ajiHCb 
CoJibmie CeanopaAKH bI) pyAHHKaxT)... 9th MyjKHKH yAHpajiH, 
KaKi* OBi^H, TOJibKO HaiKH cBepKajiH, npH ^eMB caMHe Cojibmie 
CojDETyHbi 6'hmdiJiH BnepeAH Bcfexx... Bce axo nycTHKH! Pynarocb, 
cyAapHHa, hto fiesT) KanjiH KpoBH MnroMt cnpoBa^y aTOT-b 

CfipOA'b, eCJIH TOJibKO ^T0-HH(5yAb CJiy^HTCH... 

— CoBepmeHHo Btpno,— npepBajii> ceKpeTapb xojiOAHHM'b, 

6e33ByqHHM'b rOJIOCOM'b, BKHyBT) MOHOKJIb HSX TJiaBa. — FjiaBHoe — 

He myTHTb, He myTHTb B'b TaKHXT) cjiyiaaxi)! HoKaaaTb npn- 
M'fep'b HCMeAJieHHO. ToFAa bth jiioah cpa3y noftMyrb... CoCciBeHHo, 
HejibBH Aaace noHHTb, nero ohh xothtb? HpaBHTejibCTBo npoBOJio 
coqiajibHO-no.iHTH'iecKiH pe4)opMH bhcokoK Ba^HOCTH; ero Be- 
jiH^ecTBo caMB HHTepecyeTCH 9thmh BonpocaMH. y nacb ecTb 
CTpaxoBanie na cjiy^al! CTapocTH, cxpaxoBanie otb nec^acTHHX'B 
cjiynaeBB; 9th jih)ah npeKpacHO ycTpooHH; BsrjiaHHTe, naKonei^'b, 
na ffHAH)uiKHHy paci^jtHKy: lyrb npocTo nemejiame paOoTaTb! 
H xoT'feji'b 6h 8HaTb, no'ieMy nymno cooOpamaTbca ci> TpeOosa- 
HiflMH BTHX'B jiioAefl?.. HaETb 6parB, nocjit MHoroji'feTHaro yne- 
Hia, nocjii AOJiroft noAroTOBHTejibHoft cjiym,6u, nocjit Asyx-b 
HcntrraHifi h Bor-b 3HaeT"b KaKOK oCpeMeHHTejibHOlt paOoTH, Bce- 
TaKH He nojiynaeT'b eme oti> rocyAapcTBa h M^AHaro rpoma! A 

BiAb A'fejiaeT'b HeMHOaCKO COJIbHie, ^^M-B 9TH (5jiy3HHKH... Ho 

oO-b BTOM-b 8TH JiK)AH HO HMtjoTT. HH MajiiCtHiaro HpeACTaBJieHia.... 
OoH'b-BHJiJiHHr'b BaKypHJiB HOByH) CHrapy. 



> t 



^TO EGTB HCTHHA. 43 

— J^a, Bnojiffb cnpaBeOTHB0,-^cKa3ajn> oh'b, BtinycKaa hbo 
pTa rojiyCce oCjia^KO jiuMa,— ajih HHxt A'feJiaiorB AocTaTOHHO. 
H o6H3aHH A'feJiaTb. 9to xpHCTiancKifl flOJir'L, He TOJibKO cnpasefl- 
jiHBo CO cTopoHH rocy;5apcTBa, ho h CBHaano ciy ero BHroAoft, no- 
TOMy TTo Heo6xoflHMH[ A*JiBHHH pa6o^i^ pyKH, ^to6h hath 
BnepeAi*. Bjia^'feJiei^'b (|)a6pHKH, coAepHcamift hjioxo cbohxtj pa- 
eo^fflx-B HJiH o6pamaH)mifitca xyAo ch hhmh, BpeAHTb caMony 
ceOt, Bee oOycjiOBJiHsaeTca BaanMHoU, Apy^cHoK paCoTOfl: pa6o- 
m& jiojJSRewb HHTepecoBaTbca (|)a6pHK0lt, eny aojihcho 6uTb TaMi* 
xopomo, TorAa oh'b aopo^khtb m^ctom'b h ciapaeTCH. BHOOKoe 
BOBHarpaHCAeme h xopomee oCpamenie BcerAa onjia^HBaroTcsa. 

— He 3a6HBaflTe AHCU[HnjiHHH, r. (|)OH'b-BHJiJiHHrB! — ^BCKpH- 
^ajit nopy^HKTb. — JJJHcannjiHHa neoOxoAHMa! 3th MyMtHKH o6h- 
saHH noBHHOBaTBca! HcnojiHHTb cboh oOnaaHHocTH mh B'feAi> Bcb 
AOJiacHfci!.. U^apb He6ecHHfl! H ne noHHMaro, no^eMy cb bthm-b 
HapoAOM'b oOpamaroTca TaK-b 6epeacHo! 

JSjdLTRe COB'feTHHK'b HOKa^aJI'b rOJIOBOft. 

— UpH ryMaHHHX'B npHHi^Hnax'b, npecJitjiyeMHX'b to6ok), 
AHAH, He A0JI5KH0 B03HHKaTb HHKaKoro coDjiaJibHaro Bonpoca!— 

SaMiTHJITb FOTXOJIbA'B. 

— K-b TOMy me owl cTpaniHO naAO'feji'B, — nepeCnjia, CM'feHCb, 
BajiecKs. — JSfiSh h hohb TOJibKO h roBoparTb, hto o neM^b. Po- 
MaHH, ApaMaTHHecKia npoHSBeAeniH, raseTti— Bce nanojiHeHO 
coi^ia.ibHHMi> BonpocoMB. XoTb BOJioca Ha ceCt pBH!.. ^to 3a 
oAHOCTopoHHOCTb! Bt^Ho OAH* H rfe 5Ke (|)pa3H — H HH mary 
BnepeAT*! KaK-b ecTb, TaKTb h aojijkho 6HTb, KaKib 6hjio BcerAa, 
TBKTy H OyAeT-B. HaAO :Ke, naKonei^'B, 3to iiohhtb! Kx TOMy me 

aTHM'b JHOAHMTj COBC'feM'b He njioxo. KeiKb MHoro a«^h HHX-b CA*- 

Jiano! HnorAa h CMOTpio na Bce h npHMo ropwycb. Ecjih 6h h 
cjiyHa:ttHo ne 6HJia AonepLio KOMMepi^in coB^THHRa, a xorfejia 
6h (5HTb paCo'iiiM'B y nanH. 

IIopyqHK'B H ceKpeTapb sacMtajiHCb. 

— Hy, Hy, Hy, — norpo3Hjn> najibUjeMi. KOMMepAiH coBtTHHK'b. 
ToTxojibA'b He BHpaBHJiTb yAHBJieHiii, a (J)pay BHJiJiHHrb noKa- 

Hajia rojioBol! ciy BHpameHieM'b Hcnyra. . 

— B-B caMOM-B A'bjrfe, — nacTaHBaJia BajiecKa, onepniH^B 
CBOHMT* 6'fejiHM'B H KpyrjiHM'B noAOopoAKOM-B Ha pyKy,— H BOBCe 
He my^y. HapoA'B ctohtb na nepBOM'B njiant o6in;ecTBeHHHX'B 
HHTepecoB-B; Bce BepTHTCH BOKpyrB nero. Hero mm hh ycTpoHJiH 
AJiH paOo^HXT).- CTOJioBHH, Mara3HHH AJiH CHaCaceHia OAemAOit, 
SojibHHi^H— yjK-b He 3HaH) eme ^to. Be3A'fe mynaTB o CjiaroTBO- 
pHTeuBHHX'B o6iii;ecTBax'B. H BeBA* HaAO fiHTb!.. HacToamift 
cnopTB!.. H TBepAO yfii^KAena, hto ^epeB-B nteoTopoe BpeMH 
HyacAaK>ni,HXca 6yAyTi> HCKaTb HepeB'b raseTHHa oC^aBJiemH, 
HHa^e He HaflAyTi>. HirB, viwh xopomo! HeAaBHO b-b Hainefi 
HapoAHoK CTOJiOBOft MH CB ^opott MapTOHCB npo6oBajiH KapTO- 



44 P700K0B BOFATOTBO. 

4)ejibHuJ! cyn-B, — npHMO BeJiHKOji'fenHufl! TaKoro BKycnaro naifb 
XpncTHHa HHKorAa He noflaerB Ha ctoji'b. 

— 3aBTpa nonpoCyH) nenpeM'feHHo,— 06'BaBHJi'B nopy^HK'b. — 
y nacB Bi> KasHHO HH^ero noAo6Haro H'bTL. A B'b cojiAaTCKOft 
Kyxnt, TA* npHxoAHTCH tcTb, Kor/ia CHBaeinb laMi* aemypHHM'B— 
6pp! MyH«HKH, KoneHHo, ^yBCTByiorb ce6H npeBocxoAHO. Jlja, a 
«ejiyflKH HX^B... Mh BcerAa cyAHM'b no ceOi. Tohho btotb coprb 
jiK)Aefl HM'feerL rh sue noTpeOnocTH, xi sue ^yBCTBa, ^ro h mh! 
HenpaBHJiLHua cy^cAenia h npuBOAHT'b Kt cospeMeHHofl ceHTH- 
MeHTajibHOCTH. Ohh hh B'b HeM'b He nysKAaioTCH, noiOMy ^to 
HHHero Apyroro He snajiH. Bote, ecJiH 6h mh 6hjih bb hx-b 
nojioMceniH, cb nameMH yTOH^eHHHMH HepBaMH h ^yBCTsaMH, — 
0! a la bonne henrel TorAa mohcho 6hjio 6h ropeBaxb. KaKi) bh 
AyMaexe, r. ^oH'b-BnjiJiHHr'b? 

— Or^aCTH CnpaBeAJIHBO, — OTB'feTHJTb KOMMepuin COB'feTHHK'B 

paacfeaHHO, h Ha ero Ji6y noaBHJiacb CKJiaAKa. — FjiaBHoe j^i^Jio 

B'b TOMB, HTO COI^iaJIbHHfl BOnpOCB He eCTB TOJIBKO BOHpOCB 

acejiyAKa; KaK-B xaKOBOlt, mh ero paapirnHJiH, nacKOJibKo bob- 
Momno npH HecoBepmeHCTB'b na seMJit, — 9to npaMO mohcho 
CKaaaib. Tenepb na nepBOMi. njiant ctohtb BonpocB pejinrioa- 
HHia. HapoAy cHOBa Hyacno Aaxb peJiHriro: HHane ne CyAexB 
yAOBjieTBopenia. H axo to, ^ero mh sajiewh otb 6jiH3Kaftniaro 
6yAyin;aro, KaK'B ba^cb, TaKB h noBcioAy... 

Ero nocjitAHia cjiona BBy^ajiH ho^th TopacecTBOHHO. Cjiyma- 

TOJIH MOJinaJIH. IIopyHHK'b CMOTptjI-B Ha CTOJTb, a CenpeTapB RHBaJTB 

rojioBOK). Focnoaca BnjiJiHHr'B cjioatHJia pyKH h BanpHJia rjiasa. 

— flaft Bofb!— npomenTajia ona. 

BajiecKa CeBnoKoflno ABHrajiacB na cbocmb cTyji'fe. Ilocji'fe 
npHJiH^HOil nayBH, oHa BOCKJiHKHyjia: 

— Hy, HT0-3KB, rocnoAa, KaK'B me cb naniHM'B TenHHCOMB? 
TenepB KaKB paa-B BpeMH... 

06a MOJIOAHXB HOJIOB'feKa BCKOHHJIH. 

— KaKB npHKameTe, cyAapHHa, — cKaBajiB nopyiHK'B, npnora- 
BHB^B ABa najibi^a kb KOBHpbKy 4>ypaHCKH, — xoTa Moa (|)opMa... 

BajiecKa sacM'^ajiacb cbohmb BaAopHnMi* cm'&xomb. 

— BoTB HAea! Kohohho, bh 06a aojihchh nepeoA'feTBca. Fy- 
6epT*B, TH B'feAb BHaemb, KyAa hath. IIpoBeAH r. ^OHB-Bpen- 
KeHAop(|)a B'b rapAepoCnyio. TojibKO, noacajiyKcra, nocKop-fee, 
rocnoAa! — H ona saxjionajia B'b jiaAomn, KaK^b 6h jiJisi Toro, 
hto6h nocKopie npornaTb nx'b. 

KorAa OHH ckphjihcb, ona noAomjia K'b FoTxojibAy. 

— Te6a, naA'ferocb, ne^ero npHrjiamaTb y^acTBOBaTb Bt 
nrp'fe. KoHeHHo, ne npnjiHHHo? 

— fl He BHA'feJI'B 6h BB STOUTy Pptxa, — B03pa3HJI*B FOTXOJIBA^, 

CMOTptemia nepeA*B C06010 cocpeAOTOHeno h Sobmojibho Bce 
BpeMa paaroBopa, — ho a ne Bnaio 9Toft nrpn, h ne nafliAy bb 



TTO BOTB HOTHHA. 45 

Heft yAOBOJibCTBiH. KpoMi Toro, uoKa bh 6y«eTe HrpaTb, a no- 
roBopi) Koe ^ewb ct tbohm'b 0T^0M'b: mh* Hy^no o MHoron'B 
HeperoBopHTB. 

Ona KHBHyjia rojioBoft, KaK'b CyATo xoT^jia cKaaaTb: y,a TaKT> 
H AyMaJia", H npnCasHJia: 

— HaA^rocb, Tti He cepAHmbCH, hto a He 6HJia ceroAHa y 
TeCii Bi* Ti;epKBH? Snaemb, h oxotho xoAHJia 6h jxB,me msi> OAHoro 
juoConHTCTBa. Ho h coBepmeHHO ne nepeHoray aioro noMimeniH. 
9Tonb 3anaxi> paOoHHX'b... (|)h! IIpaBo, MOHcerb cA'feJiaTbCH Avpno. 
He Tpe6yfl otb Mena! Botl, KorAa 6yAerb rorosa HOBan i^ep- 
KOBb, Tti 6yAeinb bha'^tb Mena KasKAoe BocKpecenbe. TaM-b y 
Hacb CyAerb coficTBeHHoe m^cto, h Jierne CyAerb bhhochtb... 
Kone^HO, na BCHKift cjiy^af! 6yjxy saxBaTHBaTb Cb co6ok) nyjib- 
BepHsaiop-b Cb o-Ae-KOjioHOM'b... 

— BajiecRa, KaK'b th JierKOMHCJieHnal—BCKpHHajia ea Maib. — 

PaSB'fe MOMCHO CMtHTbCa HaA'b HeCTHHM'b TpyAOBHM'b nOTOMl)!.. 

— KoHeHHO, Hirb, ho ne za^'hwh h HioxaTb ero, MaMa! B^ab 
aTHMi) HHKaKOft EOJibSbi HMT* He npHHecemb. KorAa mh HAen-B 
B'b HapoAHyH) cTOJioByro, mh BcerAa CHjibHo AymnMCH, Hflane 
He BHTepnHmb npn pasAaHi... CKamH, nojKaJiyfiCTa, Fotxojiba'b, 
fl xorfejia cnpocHTb Te6a: tn— CTporo Btpyiomifl? 

MaTb HaxMypHJia CpoBH. 

— IIoHeMy Te6a HHTepecyex'b 8totb Bonpocb?— cnpocHJi'b 
FoTXOJibA'b.— H ^rro th noHHMaemb noA'b 8THM'b cjioBOM-b? H — 
cjiyatHxejib namel! i^epKBH, A'^^cxBHTejibHO HcnoBtAyiomiift namy 
pejiHriio. H AyMaio, th ne coMHtBaembCH B'b 9tomi>? 

— Ta-aK-b! — npoTHHyjia oHa, h na en oiKpHTOM'b jiHi^'fe oxpa- 
BHJiocb H^KOTopoe paBOHapoBaHie. — H AyMajia coficTBeHHo... 

— Hy, HTO eme sa rjiynocTn? — cnpocHJi'b KOMMepi^in coB'bTHHK'b* 

— Hto A^JiaTb, nana! H HaxoHcy, hto CBoCoAOMHCJian^ie cbh- 
meHHHKH ropasAo HHTepecfffee... H a AyMaro, ^rro MOjiOAHe 
AOJiacHH Chtb BcePAa CBo6oAOMHCJian];HMH. 

— BjiaroAapenie Bory, h^tb! — BospasHJi'b FoTXOJibA'b. — H h 
pimHTejibHo He noHHMaio, TaKt nasHBaeMaro, i^epKOBnaro jinOepa- 

JIHBMa, MHJiaH KySHHal HjIH B-fepHTb B'b TO, HTO npeAHHCHBaeTir 

HaM'b Hama ^epKOBb, hjih coBcfeM'b ne B'fepHTb. Ho BHOnpaTb no 
coCcTBCHHOMy 6jiaroycM0Tp'feHiK) to, neMy xonemb B'fepHTb h noMy 
He xo^enib, aToro nejibsa. Kto yHHHTOJKHT-b cbohmh AepsKHMH 
pyKaMH caMHft MaJiHf! hb'b chx'b KaMHeft, TOT'b noKOJieCjieii* 
Bce BAanie. KaK'b 9th, Oojrfee HHTepecHHe ajih Tefin, cbo6oao- 
MHcjiaiii,ie nacTopH cnpaBJiHioTCfl co CBoefl coBicTbio, KaK'b ohh 
corjiacy K)rb • cBoe CBoOoAOMHCjiie ciy o6'feTOM'b CBamencTBa, — a 
He BHaio. EcjiH 6h a Chji'b na HX'b M'tcxi, h anajiB 6h, hto 
MH'b, KaK'b ^ecTHOMy ^ejiOB'feKjr h xpHCTiaHHHy, ociaeTca oaho: 
CHJiTb pacy H OTKaaaTbca oti> M'fecTa. HnKaKoro KOMopoMHCca 
SA^cb 6HTb He MomeT'b! 



46 P700E0B .BOrATOTBO. 

— BpaBoI BpaBo! — BCKpH^aJiTi KOMMepi^ia coBtTHHRt. — Hto 
OTjiajiHjio Maccu npojiexapieB'B ott> pejinrin, RaRT» ne 8tz caMu 
AepBRie HOBaTopn Biy pncaxTi, cb caMaro HanaJia paditHCEHBinie 

HM-B, TTO He BO BCe CJltflyeTB B'fepHTb, H TOJIKHyBmie HXt Ha 

nyTb HeBtpiH? BeapaBcyAHaa TOJina yBHA^Jia, hjih, Jiy^me, 6e3- 
coBdbcTHHe DOACTpeRaTejiH, ^KHBymie rhwb, ^xo cMymaiorb 
HapoA^B, noACKaBajiH eny: ecjiH mo;kho ^acxb BBi6pocnTb 
aa SopTt H BceraRH croaTb na i^epKOBHOfl KaeeAp*, to no^eMy 
sue ne OTRaBaTbCH otb i^'fejiaro? To h Apyroe Ohjio AociofiHO 
AOBipi^. Bna^HTb, BantM-B 5Ke syaceH'B CBHiu;eHHHR'Bl Botb 
^To H c;jBHHyjio KaMHH. TaRi. H nomjio. Hestpyiomaa, OTAa- 
jiHBmaacH orB Bora qepHB cxajia xopomnM'B MaTepiajioMi) jiflsi 
arHTaTopoBT); BaaM'feH^ noTep^nnaro EBanrejim i^apcxBia Bo- 
»ciH, OHa BocnpHHHMajia nosoe, coii;iajiHCTHqecKoe, o i^apcTBiH 
BojKbeM'B Ha BeMJit, Oojite Sjihbkom'b, ^ejiaHHOM'b, h noTOMy npo- 
Cy^cAaiomHM'B Bci hopohhhh h HHSKia CTpacTH. Pejmria TpeCoBajia 
otij JiioAei! TopntHifl h oipftHeHijj, a hoboo yneHie pacnpocxpaHHercH 
od-B arB MHHMHX'B npaBaxi*, h TfeMi* AaJitme, T'hwb 9HeprHH- 
H'be BHCTaBJi5!ioTca ipeOoBaHia. Fa3T> naAe^KAH na BarpoOnyi) 

^H3Hb HC^e3JIH, CJltAyOT'B CTapaiBCH yCTpOHTbCa na BCMJli 

BABOflH* yAoCffbe, 6e3'B BC^Raro onaceHia OTBtTCiBeHHOCTH bb 
CyAynJ.OM'B sa HsCpaHHHH j^jir loro cpoACTBa. TaKHMi) o6pa- 
Bowh, naAeme HpaBOB^B Bce mjio BnepeA'B h BnepeAi), h, HaKo- 
Heiii'b, nojiyHHJiocb to, hto mh bhahm-b cefl^acB... Toji^gr-b AaJia 
jiHCepajibHan TeoJiorid. Ona asnjiacb hctohhhrom'b coi^iajiB-;ie- 
MORpaTin, aHapxHBMa h Bcero peBOJiroi^ioHHaro ABHrnenia bb Ha- 
poA'fe. Paa-B HanaJiocb ROJiefianie na rocher de bronce Bipu, 
yAep5KaTbca Hejibsa. IIpoCymAaioTca Bci ^hbothho hhcthhrth; 
Bce, HTO AO CHx-B uopB 6hjio upoHHO, CBHTO H Rasajiocb Heno- 
ROJiefiHMHM'B, HeyAepacHMO H fieanopHAOHHO pymnTca. Coi^iajibHHlt 
BonpocB, noBTopaio, ecTB BonpocB pejiHriH. CioAa h aoji^hh Ohtb 
HanpaBJieHH Hamn B3opH. To, hto coBpeMOHEHfi jiHOepajiHSMB 
HcnopTHJi'B Bi* Teojiorin, to MomeT'B H AOJi-^Ha HcnpaBHTb op- 
TOAOKcia. Ha Hefl h TOJibRO Ha ne^ SHmAeiaa naAe^Aa na- 
mero 6yAyni;aro. Ona BOSBpaiHTB BafijiyAniHxca, a nocToaHHO 
Hmyin.HX'B H He HaxoA^iAHX'B BHyTpeHHaro ycnoRoema b'b ho- 
BOM'B yneniH co6eperB bhobb uoai* BnaMeneM'B KpecTa. Ha 
9TorB CHorB a ne onacaiocb. XpncxiaHCRaa pejiHria nepe^cH- 
Bajia Oojite xaatejiHe rphbhch, ntM'B coBpeMeHHHfi. Mh noO*- 
AHM'B, KaR'B CRaaaHo B'B anocTOjibCRHX'B A'fe^Hiax'B: ^H-ferB 60 
HCii;'bjieHia BH'fe Ero"! 

OffB roBopHJi'B ropa^o, h tojiocb ero ycHjinjica ao nponosiA- 
HH^ecRaro naeoca. Eme lOHonieil oh'b xot^ji-b cAtJiaxBca npono- 
BtAHHROM-B, H cjiyrH HX'B AOMa cjiymajiH ero i^^jikmh nacaMH, 
paaHHyB'B pxH, RorAa ofb bb Ryxni, 3a6paBinHCb na CRaMeflKy, 

HaCXaBJIHa'B HX'B. y^RSLUTb MaJieHBRl^ naCTOp'B'' HaSUBajIH OHH 



1 



HJO BOTB HGTHBA. 47 

ero. Ho CMepxb cTapmaro 6paTa aaciasHJia ero, no BOJi'b orna, 
B8ATLCH 8a ynpaBJieme BHJuiHHroBCRHMH saBOAaMH, craBinHMH 
TOFAa ^e ero coCcTBeHHocTbH). Ero JinSepajibHue npoTHBHHRH 
B7> THXoMOJiRy elite h ao c\i,Th nopb aoByrb ero: ^BejiHKifi npo- 

KHniJieHHHKb Bl^ pHC'i^''. 

Tenepb oht> BCTaji-b, npoBOJii* cJierKa cbohm'b hocobhm'b 
njiaTROMi) no Ji6y, ch (JjiecTibBniHMn na uewb Kanji<BMH noxa. 

BajiecRa, pacRpHsmn rjiasa, Bce epeMH npncjiymnBaJiacb 
Kh ero p-fc^H, OTHacTH RaRX 6u ne noHHMaa, oxnacTH ne aqb*- 
pHH, Me^Ay rhwh KSLKb Maib, cHA'^Bman y CTOJia, co cbohmh 
cJioHceHHHMH pyRaMH, THXO nieBOJia ryCaMH, RaR^b 6yAT0 Bce 
BpeifH nienxajia mojihtbu. 

FoTxoJibA'b TaR»e BCTajix, noAomeJib R'b A'^A'fc h Moji^a no- 
acaji-b ero pyRH. Ohi* 6ujrb Tponyrb. TojibRo nocjii npoAOJiMCH- 
lejibHO]^ naysH ohi* moti> cRasaxb BnojiroJioca: 

— Tbi npaB'b, Jisijisi. H h roBopro BM^CTt cb anocTOJiOM-b 
IlaBaoMi): mh HcnoB'iiAyeM'b Xpncxa pacnaxaro, ajiji iyAceB-b 
co6jia3H'b, a AJifl bjuiheobi. 6e3yMie. JS^Jisi npnBBaHHHX'b ^e, 
iyAees-b h ajumHOB-b, Xpncia, BoMciro cHJiy hBoskIh) npeMyApocib!.. 

06a MOJioAHX'b HejiOBtaa Bepnyjincb B-b (|)JiaHeJieBHX'b ro- 
cTDMaxi) AJiH TeHHHca H npepBajiH naciyniiBniee HOJi^anie. Ba- 
jiecRa, BHAHMO, ocTajiacb HeAOBOJibna. KorAa ohh yxoAHjm, 
OHa niennyjia FyCepTy BnJiJiHHr'b: 

— Hocjiyniafl, a B^Ab Ryaen'b roTXOJibA*b coBcfeM'b ^epHHfi! 
CeRpeiapb RHBnyjrb efi co cBoKcTBenHHM'b eMy aoctohH' 

CTBOMIj cKopocntjiRH. 

— 9x0 xopomo. TaRie jiioah naM-b xenepb ny^Hbi, RaR'b 6opi];H 
aa xpoffb H ajixapb. Tenepb ne Bpena jina HeptmnxejibHocxH h 
paBHOAymiH. HeoCxoAHMo, BHAnmb jih, naxHeyxb noBOAbii RaR'b 
MoacHO CHjibHte... H paKemu eneped^! 

KoMMepuin coBixHHR'b Bsajica ohhxl aa cboio noxyxmyio 
Chjio cnrapy, nosBOHHJi'b h npHRaaaji-b npnoieAnieMy JiaRero 
npnroxoBHXb bt> RaCnnexi ab* fiyxHJiRH nixeflnfieprepa bo JibAy. 

— Jly^niifi HannxoR'b B^b xaRofi ^KapRiK jiixniK ACHb, — CRSr 
aaji-b, oH'b yjiHOaacb. — A noRa npoKAGMca, ecjin xo^enib, no 
napRy. 

FoxxojiBA'b oxoxHO corjiacHJiCH. KorAa ohh yxoAHJiH, OH'b sa- 
MixHji'b, RaRofi HcnyraHHH^ BsrjiaA'b 6pocHjia HM'b BCji'fcA'b 
xexRa, H RaR'b ona nocntmno cRpHJiacb B-b AOM'b, xohho na-b 
fioasHH ocxaxbca OAHOft na xeppacb. 

— TexH KoflcxaHi^ta BcerAa xaRaa? — cnpocHJi-b FoxxojibA'b. 

KOMMepi^iH COB'bXHHR'b OrJIHHyjICH. 

— 9x0 — CojiianeHHoe cocxoanie, — CRaaajrb OH'b (yh BHAHMHM'b 
HeyAOBOJibcxBieM'b,— HepBHoe cxpaAanie. Beanpn^HHHHft cxpax'b. 
R'b nocji'tAHee BpeMH BooSnte onenb njioxo, B'b ocofiennocxH no 
BocRpeceHbaM'b, RorAa ona ne cjinmHrb hh Maa'i^aniaro myMa 



48 PyOOKOfl BOrATOTBO. 

Cb SaBOAOB'B H He BHAHTT> ^HMa H31> BaBOflCKHXt TpyO'L. 9t(> 

ee nyraeT-B. Oaa, bhahmo, yB-fepena, hto HHKaKan onacHocTb ne 
rpoBHTt flo rfext nop-B, noKa aaBOAu norjiomaroT-B Bct chjih 
pafioHHXt. Ho KaKi) tojibko paOoTa npeKpamaeiCH, eft A^JiaoTcn 
CTpamHO. Bt^ aio BpeMH ona 3a BciMt cjitAHT'b, ko Bceny npn- 
cjiymHBaeTCH... 

— ^aBHO aTO TaK-B? — CnpOCHJI'L rOTXOJIBflt, o^eHb yAH- 
BJieHHHil. 

OoH'B-BujijiHar'B no5Kaji'B njie^aMH, h CKJiaAKa na ero nepe- 
HocbH yrjiyCHJiacb. 

— He 3HaH). J]|yMaro, cb T'hrb nop'b, KaKi* mh bhctpohjie 
BA'hcb BHJiJiy. HpH nocTpoUK'fe, 3a6oTa oO-b ea jihhhhx'b yAo6- 
CTBaxi) H noKO'fe 6HJia y Menn, Kone^Ho, He na nocjihjxEQWb 
HJiani. Ho eft Kaaajiocb Bce nepea^ypx AoporuM'B, cjinniKOMir 

pOCKOIHHHM'B, ilBHO KpH^ailliHM'B. Ofla 60flJiaCb, HTO HOCTpOftKa 

norjiOTHT'B cJiHniKOM'B MHoro cpeACTB-B; pacnpocTpaHHTCH H 6y- 
AerB pa3ApaHcaTB MOJisa, hto a, KaKi* grand seigneur, ycfejiaa 
SA'fecB Hasepxy, tohho mh^ HirB HiiKaKoro A'fe-ia ao Toro, ^to 
TBopHTCH BHHsy, Ha BaBOA* H T. H. Bop^aHbK) He 6hjio 
K0Hi];a. HHKaKie pa3yMHne aoboah ho noMorajiH. TorAa, Bt- 
poHTHo, H Hanajiocb. Ho H He BHmy 3A'fecB cepbesHoft COJliSHH- 

— A qTo roBopflTi) Bpana? 

— ^Ito Moryiij cKaBaiB 9th rocnoAa? Bce h HH^ero. Cna- 
HaJia roBopHJia: HaBH3HHBaa HAea; npn o6ni;eM'B yKpinJieniH 
opraHH3Ma Bce aoji^ho Hc^e3HyTb. Bujrb BHAep^ani) KypcB Jii- 
^enin, npHM'fenjiJiHCB MHHepajibHHH boah, AisTeTHnecKoe Jit^e- 
Hie. Hhhto He noMorjio. HaKoner^'B, mh pimnjiH HH^ero fiojibine 
He npo6oBaTB, h HecHacTHan MceniiiiHHa ne ^yBCTByerB ceCa 
xy^Ke. TaKt, KaKTb ceroAHa, ona CTpaAaerB ne BcerAa. BHEaroTt 
AHH, KorAa HHHero nejibBa BaMtxHTb. Mnorie hb-b nochmm- 
n^HXTb nacB h He noA03p'fcBaK)T'B ea coctohhIh. Uja^ce BajiecKa 
He AoraAHBaexca, hto 3AtcB— Soji^shb, h noACMtHBaeTca HaAi> 
MaTepbK) no noBOAy ea npeyBejinneHHOfl xpycocTH. H TO^e 
Aepmy ce6H laK-B, 6yAT0 h He npeAnojiaraio HH^ero Apyroro. 

— 9to KaKi) 6h HaKaBanie BoMcie, — npofiopMoxaji'B Tot- 
xoJibA'B, — H HanoMHHanie xeO* ne 3a6HBaTb T'hTb, kto pa6o- 
TaerB na Te6a. 

KoMMepi^iH COBtTHHK'B HH^erO He OTB^THJII). ErO OMpaHHB- 

meecH jihi^o nocxeneHHo npoacnajiocb, no Mipt Toro, KaK'B 
OHH MeAJieHHO noABHrajiHCb no ajiJieaM-B napKa, h uemjxy ctbo- 
jiaMH AepeBbeBi), yBHTHx^b blk)ui,hmhch pacxeHiaMH, oxKpHBaJicii 
npejiecxHHft bha'b xo na jxsiJieKm 3ejieHHH Jiy^KaftKH, xo Ha ne- 
cxpHa i].Bixo^HHa KjiyMfiH, a AaJibme— na sejieHHa hhbh, xhxo 
BojiHyeMHa B-fexpoMi). B3rjiaAi> ero BHpa^Kajii) yAOBOJibcxBie orb 
paAOcxHaro co3HaHia, hxo ohte> — oCjiaAaxejib Bcero oKpysKaiomaro 

H BMiCX-fe CTy T^Wh npOH3BOAHX1E> CXporift OCMOXp'B. Hh OAHO 



qiO BOTB HOTHHA. 49 

HH^TomHtlimee oTcrynjieme otb ero npiiKaaaml! ne ociajiocb 
HeaaM-b^eHHHM'b. Hbovhb, ohi* ocTanaBJiHBaji'b BHHMame Fot- 
xojihjia, Ha ocoOeHHo ptAKOMi* OKseMnjiap'fe ;i;epeBa, Ha nyMteaeM- 
HOM'B pacTeBiH, Ha yioTHOMt yrojiKt no;i'B rtHHCTHMH BepmH- 
HaMH, MaH^imeM'B Kh OTAHxy. Ho ToTxojibA'B ocTaBajicH ko BceMy 
6e3y^acTHHMi>. 

— fl HaxoHcy, HTO th ceroAHa ^'feM'b-To pa3CTpoeHT>? — cKa- 
aajiT* (|)OH'B-BHjiJiHHrb. 

— MoacerB Chtb. H Haxoacycb hoa'b BjiiaHieMt chjibhhx'b 
Bne^aTjitHiK. H Ohjitj bt> pado^eMi) KBaprajit. 

— A!— riOBHAHMOMy, BTO HSBtciie He nOHpaBHJIOCb KOMMep- 
I^iH COBtTAHKy. — KtO BOAHJI'b TeOfl? 

— fl noniejn> nayAany. 

— Tm. TaMi), Kone^Ho, moscho wcnHTaTb MHoroe. — Oh^ ba- 
Kyciiji'b cboh ycH. 

FOTXOJIbA'b OCTanOBHJICH. 

— a 3HaK) Tenepb, rA* Moe m^cto. CpeAH aTHX'b neBipyio- 
n^HX'b H iiorH6niHX'b. Ha tbohx'b saBOAax'b eABa jih bo MHife 
HyatAaioTca; a Mory 5KAaTb, noKa Mena noBOByrb. Ho TaMi>! 
Taiii) yatacHte, ^"hwh MoacHo BCTp'bTHTb y AHKapefl, ecjiH 6h Mena 
nocjiajiH Kb HEM^b Bi> KanecTBt MHccionepa. Ti^ xoTb HH^ero ne 
3HaK)rb XpHCT-fe, a sA'fecb anaiorb o Eewb h otb Hero OTpeiuiHCb. 

BHJiJiHHr'b noHcaji'b njienaMH. 

— yieMy TH yAHBJiaembCJi? Eahhhuh SA^cb MaJio sHa^arB, h 
a He Mory 6HTb BCJOAy. K-b xoMy ace, ecjiH 6h Bcfe xot^jih Toro 
ace, Hero h a, ecjiH 6h mh bc* bxoahjih B-b t^chh^ coiobb; ho 
SA'bcb MHorie (|)a6pHKaHTH npHAepacHBaioTca hho^ tohkh apt- 
Hia: OHH corjiacHM njiaiHib cBOHM'b paSo^HMi* no sacjiyraM'b, 
HO AO Bcero ocTajibHoro, ao hxI) Ojiaronojiynia h HecnacTia, a© 
HX'B HyacA^ H norpeOHOcxefl, kwl H'brb HHKaKoro A'feJia. A 
ecTb H (|)a6pHKH, HaxoAaiiUaca bij pyKaxi* aKi^ioHepntix'B 06- 
mecTBi; TyTB yacB He cymecxByerB HHKaKHX'B OTHomeniil Me- 
acAy pafioTOAaxejieM'B h paCo^HMH. K'b TOMy ace Bcfe axH yso- 
jieHHHe pa6oHie cjiHmKOM'b cjia6u, cjinmKOM'B jt^hhsh, cjihei- 

KOMT) HenOROpHH HJIH CJIHHIKOM'B HepaAHBbi, HT06u HCKaXb ce6'b 

HOBOfi paOoxti. Tyxi> HacToain;ifl ^yMHHft onari)!.. Kxo AOJiaceHB 
3a6oTHXBca oSi. axoM'B napoAt? TocyAapcxBO MoacexT> homohb 
3Atcb xaKT) ace Majio, KaKi* h ropoACKoe o6mecxBO, ne roBopa yact 
oC-B oxA'feJibHHX'B JiHi^ax-B... TaKi. BHpacxaexTj noKOJitnie, Ht 
3HaK)mee HHHero Bort, HBpHraiomee HenaBHCxb h saBHcxb no 
aApecy Bcbxii HMynnnx'b, coBpani;aH)ni;ee h oxpaBJiaioniiee CBO- 
HM'b aAOBHXHMB AHxanieM'b jiy^mie 3JieMeHXH. Tyxi> yAHBJiaxbca 
He HBMy! HaAo HMtxb XHcann rjiaB^b h xHca^H pyR'b, a npeacAe 
Bcero, ecjiH xonemb noMo^b, pacnojiaraxb 6e3HHCJieHHHMH mhji- 
JiioHaMH... y nacb jsfkjio o6cxohxi> ne xyace, H'feM'b bb Apyrnx-b 
npoMHDiJieHHHX'b OKpyrax'b, CKopte — jiy^me. 

4 



50 PyCGKOV BOrATCTBO. 

— Bet A0JI3KHH COeAHHHTbCa BO eAHHO H HOMOraTb, KaJKAHft 

no Mtpt B03M05KHOCTH... Hhkto HO AOJiMteH'b ocTasaTbca Ceay- 

HECTHHM'B. 

KOMMepitiH COB'feTHHK'B BBAOXHyJIt HeTepntjiHBo. 

— ^a, Aa> Aft. Xopomo, npoKpacHO. IIponoB'feAyft hmi>! Ho 
aacTaBHiDEb-JiH? HaK0Heii;'B, Bce HMterb cboh rpaHB[ii;H. Ecjih 
caMH paCo^ie ho HAyTi> Ha BCTptny HMymHMi>, ecjiH ohh 
BcerAa tojibko yrpoHcarorB, BHpamaioT'b HenaBHCTb h B03Myme- 
Hie, — Bce CyACT'b nanpacHO. yjiy^meHie nojio^enia aojihcho 
HanaTbca HMOHHo cb caMaro KopHH B03Myiu;eHm; oho ho Moacerb 
6HTb npHHOceno HSBHi. Hna^e pncKyemb Hanojinarb 6o^Ky ^a- 
HaHA'b OesTj MajiMmefit naAe^AH na fijiaroAapHocTb. UocTOflH- 
Hoe TpeOoBasie Bce 6ojibmaro h Oojibmaro, paciymaa npHxa- 
aaTOJibHocTb, KaK'b 6yAT0 na TOft CTopont Bci npaBa... Hirb 
npoA^Jia AOMoraiejibCTBaM'bl B'fepb Mflt, a anaio bto jjfkjio. Ho- 

BH^OK'b, 3HaK0MaiII,iKCH Cb nHMTj B'b nOpBHtt paS'b, HyBCTByOTb 

cnanajia oaho TOJibKO sKrynee cocTpaAame. Ohi* roBopHTb ce6t: 
„sji'hch Heo6xoAHMa noMoni;b bo hto 6h to hh ctejio" — h totobT) 
HOMeAJieHHo B3BajiHTb Ha (|)a6pHKaHT0B'b o6a3aHHocTb noMoraTb 
H ynpoKaeT'b HX'b, KaK'b ohh mofjih aobocth ao 9Toro. Ho no- 

MOmb A0JI5KHa HATH OTI> CaMnXTi pafiOHHXTb. Cl* OAHtWH ASHbraMH 

BAtcb 6e3ycjiOBHo HH^ero ne noA'feJiaenib. Ohh AOJiacnti ynHTbca 
CMHpemH), noKopHOCTH H BepnyTbca K-b Bory. TorAa HM-b Bcfe 
npoTanyrb CpaTCKyio pyKy. HoMoraTb H36'feraK)ui,eK pa6oTH Aep3- 
KOi!, 6e36oHCHOfi cbojiohh, noKasHBaroniiefi naM-b cboh rpasHHe 
KyjiaKH, He TOJibKo ne cocTaBjiaerb namei! o6H3aHHocTH, ho 
6HJI0 6u jxsLsme npecTynjieHieMi>, o6pan^aK)ni;HMT> nacb B'b co- 

y^aCTHHKOB'b 8THX'b OBB'fep'fejIHX'b JIK)Aefl! — Only CHJIbHO yAapHJi^b 

najiKoft no nonaBmeMyca na Aoport KaMHro, ^ito6h OTmBHEpnyTb 
ere B'b CTopony. On-b npoHSBOAHJi'b BnenaTJi'feHie HejioB-iKa, nyB- 
CTByioniaro ^ejiame npHM-feEHTb n36hLTOKh CBOHX-b CHji'b ne 
TOJibKO Ha cjioBax'b, HO H Ha A'feJi'fe. B'b ero jiHii;'fe noHBHjiocb 
^rro-To 5KecTKoe. On'b CTapaJica noAaBHTb JKejiame BHCKasaTb 
eni;e ^to-to, hto ocTajiocb HeAocKaaaHHHMX. 

— Ho^eMy HHKTO BAtcb HHKorAa He saOoTHJica o cnaceniH 
Aym'b?— cnpocHJi-b FoTXOJibA'b. 

KOMMepi^iH COB'feTHHK'b Hoacaji'b Hjie^aMH. 

— HacTOHTejib— 6oji'fe3HeHHHlt ^ejiOB'feK'b H CTap-b; Metoeprb — 
cyxoK Ka6HHeTHbiit ynenHfi; th 3to caM'b snaemb. He AOCTaerb 
cB'feacHX'b CHjn>. roAeCymij, xoth h HeBtiHocHMHfi afieAHHK'b, 

H Ha M-fecrfe KOHCHCTOpiH a AftBHO OTp'femHJTb 6h ero OTb AOJI- 

hchocth, ho, KaK'b jiHiHocTb, OHi* caMiJfl noAXOAHHiiift npono- 
B'feAHHK'b, ^to6h BJiiaTb Ha paOonHX-b. Ho on'b ne B'b naniefi 
enapxiH. CnoHX'b ^MajrenbKHX'b jiioAefi** on'b npeKpacHo BOAerb 
Ha BepeBOHK'fe, ohh Bcb ero ofio^KaroT-b, h npH aioM'b Bcb ci> nHM-b 

Ha ^TH**... BnpO^OM'b, th AOJiaten'b HM'feTb B'b BHAy. HTO 3A*Cb, 



^0 BOIL HOTHHi. 51 

B-B pafio^eMi* KBapiaJii, cymecTByiorb TeneHiH, cnocoOHHa fb 
BHcoKOli Mtpt BpeAHTb nojiesHOMy H AyniecnacHTeJifcHOMy 

— Th noApaayM'feBaeinb cor^iajTB - AeMOKpaTH^ecKyro arn- 
TaqiK)? 

— HMeHHO. Ona 6jJieTb TB0HMT> CHJIbHHM'b npOXHBHH- 

fcoM'B. Coi^iajTb-AeMOKpaTH^ecKaa napiia BpaHtAeCfla ofimecTsy 
H Bory H He BHaerB HHKaKofi nomaAH. H CTapajiCH A©p«aTi> 
OToro BOJiKa noAajibme otb cbohx-b BJiaA^niti, ho Apyrie ne no- 
•cjitAOBajiH KoeMy npHMtpy, h b's pi^HOM'B KBapraji'b oh-b xo- 
-aHflHH^aeTB OeanpenHTCTBenHo. CyM'beniB y6HTb ero — th noCt- 
AHmB. EcjiH BJiacTH noKHHyiB Hacb Bi. 6opb6i cb coi^iajiHaMOMB. 
-ecJiH aaKOHH ne yKa^KyrB bobmohchocth BHpBaTB cb KopneMTb 
^To HAOBHToe pacrenie, KOHua ne npeABH^Ky... He noHHMaiD, no- 
^eMy Bcfe npaBjm;ie BJieMeHTti ne npoTHHyx'B naM-B pyKH h 
He saKJiioHarB rfecnaro coiosa, htoOh aa/iyniHTb bto ;khbot- 
floe! To'iHO xyrb Moryrb Chtb KaKia-HH6yAb KOJieCania a paa- 
cyaci^eHifl! JIjisi Bcbn* nacB 9Ta 6opb6a OAHnaKOBa Baacna, h 

MH BCfe OAHflaKOBO TepUHMB OTB 3T0it COBpeMeHHOfi 9nHAeMiH... 

A Tenepb Aaat© Teojioria jsfbJiSLencH coi^iajn>-AeMOKpaTH^ecKoft. 
Hto TaKoe 3T0 xpHCiiaHCKo-coi^iajiHCTHHecKoe ABHacenie, BosBt- 
lACHHoe AByMH-TpeMH HecTOJiiofiHBHMH nacTopaMH, KaKB He nepe- 
xoAHan CTyneHb, KaK'BHe yOjiioAOK'b coi^iajiH3Ma, HapaaceHHHil bb 
^jiaronecTHByH) MaHriio? CouiajiB-AeMOKpaTH TOJibKo nocMtHBa- 
»Tca B'B KyjraKB, coBHaBan, hto npoOyatAenie napoAHaro 9HTy3ia3Ma 
<5yAerb hmT) na pyny: pano hjih hobaho, a 6e3yMHaa, aji^naa 
matlKa AocTaneTCH hmb. /^a5Ke aHTHceMHTHBM'B, KaKB owb bh- 
paataeTCH Tenepb, HM'beT'b coniajTb-AeMOKpaTHqecKyio OKpacKy, 

TaK'b KaKT* TpaBHTB OBpeeBB TOJIBKO UOTOMy, HTO OHH 6oraTH[. 

A 3Ta arHTaii;iH bb AcpeBHaxT) h bb npoMtimjieHHHXB i^OHTpaxBl 
EcTb MOJiOAHe TeojiorH, AonycKaromiecoBMicTHMUMB co cbohmb 
^HOMT) H o6a3aHHOcTHMH opraHH30BHBaTb onno3HaiK) paOo- 

HETh H KpeCTBHH'b HpOTHBB nOM'femHKOBB, XBaCTaHCb HOTOM^B, 

'iTo OHH „cnacHTejiH H samHTHHKH 6'feAHUX'B". Jtpyrie nponoBi- 

AyiOTB BHOJIHt OTKpOBeHHO OoraTHM'B (|)a6pHKaHTaM'B, HTO OHH 

oCasaHH yjiy^niHTb nojio^cenie cbohxb paCorrnxB. EAsa BipHmb 
<5B0HM'b rjiasaM'B, KorAa ^HTaeniB hto jih6o hoaoChoo. Oahhb 3a- 
^pajica Aance na (|)a6pHKy, nepeoA'feBmHCb paOo^HM'B, ^to6u. no- 
TOMi) pacnpocTpaHflTB paajiH^HyH) ceHcai^ioHHyio jio^kb H3b 
»H3HH CBOHX'B CtAHNXB „TOBapHm.efl paCoHHXB**. Bce 9T0 npo- 

HCXOAHTB H3B CTpaCTH KB peKJiaMt, H3'B ^leCTOJIloCia, H3B ^ojia- 

HiH HrpaTB poJiB. Hna^e ^'feM'B od'bacHHTfa? ^to 3a AyxB Bce- 

JIHJICH B'b HamHX'b TOOJIOrOBXl EcJIH BCe 9T0 BCTpiHaeiCH BA'feCb 

-ecjiH A^MaroriH pacnpocTpaHHJiacb h bb btomb Kpyry, PA'fe tub 
TorAa ^paHH^H? KaKaa nojib3a B'B tom'b, hto qtk aaMacKHpoBan- 
Hbie coi^iaji'B-AeMOKpaTfci, BOopyaceHHue uoaxoahu^hmh nape^e. 

4* 



52 PyOOEOH BOrATOTBO. 

HiflMH HBi) 6a6jiiH, 3a cbok) nponoBtAb, uojxh JiH^HHOfli CjiaroHe- 
cTiii, BosMymema h ajiqiHocTH noABeprHyTcn noTOMt ahcuhhjih- 
napHOMy HaKaaaHiro hjih yBOJibHeHiro? G'hua. Opomeno h ziaerb 
bcxoah; TtMi* 6ojiie, hto caMH ohh oOpamaioTca bI) MyHeHHKOBi>. 
EcjiH H'feTi> HaAemAH Ha laKHXt, Kasajiocb 6li, OeaycjioBHHX'B 
6opi];oBi> 3a HpaBCTBeHHocTb H nop^iAOKTb, pejiHriro h MOHapxiK), 
Tor^a, KOHe^Ho, iiMiiOTCfl Bct ocHOBaHia Mpanno cMOTpiTb na 
6yAyiii.ee. Hto ct naninxL yHHBepcHTexcKHX'b KaeeAP'b BosBt- 
maeicfl coAiajiHCTH^ecKoe y^eaie, 9X0— yxce ne HOBocib: lyrb 
„cBo6oAa* HayKH. H xy me ^CBofioAy* xoxaxi> nacaAHXb xenepb^ 
H BT) nponoB'feAb cjioB'fe Bo5KieM'b! 

BcK) 8xy pt^B, npoH3HeceHHyK) cl BospacxaBinea cxpa- 
cxHocxbK), FoxxojibA'b npocjiymaji'b, onycxHB'b rojioBy, hh cjio- 

BOM-b, HH ABHH«eHieMI> HO BHpa3HB'b COrJiacifl. ToJIbKO nocji't 

HtKoxopofl naysH, KorAa ohh MBAJieHHO nomjiH BnepeA'b, OH'b 
cnpocHJi'b: 

— Ecxb 3Abcb coi^iajiHcxHHecKie arnfaxopH? 

K0MMepi];iH COB'feXHHK'b HCeJI'IHO sacMtajicH. 

— A TAt Hce Hx-B Htxb! 9iH JiH)AH cyni,ecxByioxi> BesA*. H mh 
HMteM'b BA^cb o6pa3i^oBHK 9K3eMnjiap'b xaKoro poAa. HaHonac- 
H'feJlmitt HeroA<a^, 6jiecxHUi,e oapaBAHBaiomifi CBoefi A^^xejiLHO- 
cxbH) Bcb MOH cooCpa^cenifl! 9xoMy noAJiei^y noKJionaioxca bi> 
paOoHCMTj KBapxajit, KaKTb noJiyOory, h oh-b hhkxo HHofi, KaK*B^ 
HeAoy^HBmiflCH cxyAenx-L CorocJioBin... 

— KaK-b ero BOByx'b? — cnpocHjii> saHHxepecoBaHHHfi Tot- 

XOJHjA'b. 

— Th xo^enib noBHaKOMHXbca cj, hem-b? 

— Be3ycjioBHO. Ecjih He na^axb cb Kopna, xo KaK'b yHH^xo- 
^HXb AepeBO? 

— €!> axEMT) (|)aHaxHKOM'b HeHaBHCiH H HeBtpia oxjio^kh 
BcaKoe noneneHie o6b HcnpaBJieniH! Oh-b, KaKt h Bcaidfi pene- 
raxi>, AO KpaflHocxH ynopeHi* b-b cBoeMi> 3a6jiy5KAeHiH. CoBep- 
meflHo nponamift cyC^eKx-b, KaK'b a cjiHmaji'b. 3oByxi> ero Bejib- 
MaHHi), KypxT> BeJibMaHH-b. 

y ToxxcJibAa BHpBajica KpHK'b H3yMJieHiH. 

— Gly OAHMM-b KypXCM^b BeJIbMaHH0Ml> a ChJI-B BM'fecxt B'b' 

yHHBepcHxext... Mti 6hjih ApyabaMH. G-h xtxi) nop-b a MHoro 
jrhrh HHHero ne cjibixajii> o neid'b. HeymejiH ohi>?.. 
KoMMepii;iH coB'bxflHK'b no^ajii> nJie^aMH. 

— BecbMa B03MomHO. EABa jih ohi> cxapme xe6a. He^ajib- 
HHfi o6pa3e^'b 3a6jiy5KAeflifl!.. HoBepHeM'b xenepb aajitBo! SL 
xoHy noKasaxb xeO-fe npeBOcxoAHoe Mtcxo, npejKAe ^'bwb mh 
BepneMca aomoK. 

Ohh noAouiJiH kti Bac'baHHHM'b nHBaMi), BOJiHOBaBmHMca, na 
noAo6ie apKO Bejieaaro Mopa, Ha BepmHHax'b xojiuobi> h bi* ao- 
jmnt, H noBepayjiH Kh BHCOKOii njion^aAKt, uojii, cxapHM'b Ay^ 



HTO HOTB HOTHHA. 53 

<50M'b, CB 06jI0HCeHHHM1> KHpiIH^aMH HCHOJIHHCKHM'B CTBOJIOM'b, 

;^ajjeKo pacKHHyBmeM'B cboh Morynia sfeTBH. FoTxojibfl'b norpy- 
BHJiaa B-B rjiyCcKoe paaMHmjieHie. Hey^ejiH aTo totb caMHfl 

KypTB BeJIbMaHffb, Cb KOTOpHirb OHH BM'feCTi y^HJIHCb B-b 

rpefi(|)CBajibfl'b h bb BepjiHH'b h BM'fecrfe MeHTajiH?.. 06a ohh 
^HJiH ojiynieBJieHH cxpacTHHM'b ^ejiaaieMi* yqHXbCH, o6a 6hjih 
HcnojiHeHH oAHHaKOBHMH Hj^eajiaMH 6y;tyiu;aro. nponoBiAHBaTb 
Efianrejiie 6'hJXEuwb, cnacaTb KojieOjiroii^HxcH, BOBBpamaTb sa- 
<5jiyAinHX'b — xaKOBti 6hjih viTb njiaHH h naAemAH. H ohh o6a, 
BO HMH aiHX'b i^tjiett, ocTaBHJiH OeB'b KojieOania ynenoe no- 
npnme BonpeKH TpeCoBaHiro CBOHX'b y^HTejief!, i^'bHHBmHX'B 
HxT>, KaK-b CBOHX'b siy^mviTb yqoHHKOB'b. A Tenepb... bobmojkho 
jiH? M.on> Jiif &TOTh nujiKiQ. rononia, cb laKHMi* npeKpacHHM'b 
HanpaBJiemeMTs, oTSHB^HBtitt na Bce xopoinee h bhcokoc, po- 
atACHEHft KaK'b 6h jiJia Toro, htoCh 6uTh MyneHHKOM'b, roio- 
BUtiy Kaaajiocb, cKopte Obrrb npnrBOHCA^HHtiM'b kT) KpecTy 3a 
CBOH y6'hmjxeEm, h^mb OTpe^bca ott* ehxT), Mori> jih OH'b yKJio- 
HHTbca xaK'b j^ajicKO OTb CBoefl cieBH IT TaK'b 6e3noMoii];Ho sa- 
nyiaTbCH Ha xepHHCTOM'b nyxH hch3hh? 06a, Me^TaBmie ciOHTb 
njie^o Kh njieny, ohh aojihchh CTaib Tenepb npoTHBHHKaMH? 
roTXOJibAT» BHA'feJi'b HepeflTi C060H) CBoeTo npe5KH5!ro 6'bjiOKy- 
paro, CTpoflnaro Apyra. H 9Toro ^HcrfeMmaro hbt* ^HCTHX'b le- 
nepb oHi* flOJiMCCH'b npH3HaTb HeAoy^Kof^, anocTOJioMTi-noACTpe • 
KaiejieM'b npojierapiaTd, aca^c^yn^HM'b nepeBopoia? B^b TaKOMii 
ojiy^a'fe nepBaro, Koro OH'b AOJiHceHT> cnacTH, 9To noTepHHHaru 
Apyra cBoett iohocth! 

Ohh AomjiH ao Mtcxa, Ky^a Be.Ji'b ero K0MMep^iH cob^t 

flHK'b. He CMOTpH Ha CBOK) 3aAyM^JHB0CTb, FOTXOJIbA'b He Morb 

noAaBHTb paAOCTHaro B03rjiaca HsyMJieniH. Bsopy OTKpujiacb nyA- 
Haa KapTHHa. Ha saAHeMi, nJiaH* en BHAQ'feJiCH Jiicb, ta* bi> 
TeMHOfl sejiCHH, ocBtmeHHOft 3axoAaiij,HM'b cojiHi^eMB, Movb no- 

TOnyTb TJLSiSTy] BHepeAH pa3CTH.7iaJIHCb BHJIJIHHrOBCKia BJiaA^Hia 

BO Bceft cBoell o6mHpHOCTH; C3aAH nnxi)— -piKa cb ea JiyraMH; 
AaJite, HanpaBO — naHopana ropoAa Ch KpHmaMH h 6aniHaMH h 
Haji'bBO — AaJieKoe xojiMHCioe npocTpancTBO cii nocTpotiKof! i];ep- 

KBH. KOMMepi^iH COB'bTHHK'b HaCJiaJKAaJICH BOCTOprOMT) FOTXOJIbAa, 

H BT> rjiaaaxi* ero fijiecnyjio cosHanie co6cTBeHHaro AOCTonncTBa. 
Offb chsTb Ha 6epe30Byio CKaMeflKy, noAi> rHraHTCKHMi) Ay6oM'b, 
H npoHSHecb: 

— H He Mon> 6h cKa3aTb Teet, KaK'b BJiacTejiHH'b Canoca: 
^npHBHaiocb, a caMHK c^acTJiHBHft ustd JiioAefl!", noroMy ^to ho 
AOCTHrb Bcero, hto saAyMaJii). H naxomycb eusfi B'b nanajii 
BHnojiHema cbohxti njianoBi). 

— y Te6a eni;e 6ojibniie njiaHH B'b ^h3hh? 

— JJfi>\ CeroAHa a— eme 6ojibmoa, BajKHufl BJiaA'feJiei^'b ^a- 
6pHK'b H saBojiOB'b, KaK'b H APyrie. H AOCiHr-b Bcero co6cTBeH- 



54 PyCCBOJ£ BOTATCTHO 

HUMH CHJiaMH. IIpOHSBOACTBO OTUOfiCRarO SaSOAa A yBeJIHHHJITr 

past Bi> A6caTh, coBAaji'b cMy CHJiy h cjiasy. Ho Bcero btofo 
jifla Mena AaJieKo He AOCTaiOHHO. Y Meea ecTb KOHKyppeHTH, h » 
xo^y 6iiTb nepBHM'b MeacAy hhmh; btofo a eme ne AOcxHrB. 
IIpoAyKTja Moero nponsBOACTBa aoji«hh sacjiyHCHTb BcenipHyio 
cjiaBy, a He nojibaoBaTbca jmnib MtcTHOfl HSBicTHOCTbH). Si xoiy 
KOHKyppnpoBaTb bi> Ahfjiih h AnepHK* h oAepmaib Bepx'b. H 

He TOJIbKO XOny CTpOHTb JIOKOMOTHBH H MafflHHH, HO XOHy, HTOCu 

ciy Moett Bep(|)H ciiycKaJiHCb Bcb BoeHHHa cyAa Hamefl h Apy- 
rviTb RsnXtiy noTOMy hto cb Ka^ecTBOMi* h A^meBHSHoti 
MOHx-b npoH3BeA6Hitt He Momerb raraTbca HHKaKOi! Apyroft 
MamHHOCTpoHTejibHHa saBOA'b Bi) Mipi. fl xony rocnoACTBOBaTb 
Ha MipoBOM-b pHHRt. H Bce yate noAroTOBJieno, 8to— He (|)aH- 
TaaiH, He Menxa, a BecbMa Cjihbko K'b ocHsaxejibHoa A'bftCTBH- 
TejibHOCTH, — HTO a Mory AOKaaaTb npocTHM'b noAcneTOM'b. 
B-b MOHX'b pyKax-b 6y jsjTb cxoAHTbca Bcfe hhth, pacxoA-a- 
miaca Tenepb no Bceny csiTy; a 6yAy nanpaBJiaib THca^B 
H TMcaiH pyK'b, KOTopHa A0JI5KHH 6yjxyTb ABHraTbca H meBC- 
JiHTbca no MOHM'b yKaaaniaM'b h jxjisi BHnojineHia mohx-b hac^- 
Hh cb K'hu'h APyrHM"b a ne pasA^Ji*) BjiacTH, KaK'b TOJibKo cb- 

MOHM'b CHHOM-b H HaCJliAHHROMI)!.. BlTJIJIHHrOBCKia MaOIHHH nO» 

jiy^aiTb MipoBoe BHaneHie, h c^h 9THM'b aojimchh fiyAyT'b c^h- 
TaTbca; HHKaKoli KOHKyppeni^iH ont ne aoji?khh Bflaib... Thcmo- 
TpHujb Cb yAHBjienieM'b, KaKHM-b a BApyri) npeACTajii> npeAb- 
T060K) npH AHeBHOM-b CBixi? Th BOo6me nepBuft, KOMy a bh- 
CKasHBaiocb. H th AOJisKeHi) noMOHb Mat, FoTxojibA'b!.. 

— a? fl! 

FoTxojibA'b Bce BpeMa BHCjiymnBaji-b mnpoKie, rjaraHTCKie- 
DJiaHH AHAH CO CM'femaHHHM'b ^yBCTBOMi* yAHBJieHia H cTpaxa. 
BaeBanHtiJ! nopHB-b aioro HciiojineHHaro CHJi'b nejiOB'feKa Boa- 
fiyacAaji-b B-b HeM-b ropbKoe nyBCTBO. 

„CKOJibKO 5KH3Hefl[ 6e35KajiocTHO pacTon^eTb BTOT-b «iejia- 
B'feK'b,HTo6H AOCTHHb i^'fejiH, 6uTh BHepoAH Apymx'b!" — AyMaJTb 
oH-b. Btj 9T0 MFHOBeme ohij noKaaajica OMy Bonjiom.emeM'b ;Ke- 
jiiBHaro Ayxa BpeMeHH, aroncTHHHO npoKJiaAtiBaK)n],aro cboI^ 
nyTb KpoBbK) H pa3pymeHieMT> ajih npioOp'feTeHia BJiacTH... H 
9T0tt HacHJibCTBOHHo npio6p feTeHHotl BJiacTbK) OHx AyMaeTb A*' 
jiaib Ao6po ApyrHMTb! TpenoTb npoCtMcaji-b no ero Ttjiy. 

— 51?— noBTOpnjTb owh. — SI Mory noMoib Tefit? 

— Th. rioTOMy hto th pimHmb, kto H3'b paCo^nx-b na 
MOHX'b saBOAaxT) 6yAeTi 3aHHTepecoBaHi>, KorAa npeAnojiaraeMoe- 
rpaHAioBHoe pacmnpeme utl Bcrynmrb wh atnsHb. B-b hobhh- 
Kax'b a He Mory 6HTb laK'b yB-fepeHi), KaK'b bT) CTapHX'b, Kopen- 
Euxh cbohxI) paOoHHXi); ohh BHecyrb cb co6oh) neyAOBOJibCTBie^ 
H maAHocTb. H TH 6yAemb, KaK'b roBopHTca, cioaTb na cBoeMix 
nocTy, ecjiH ne AonycTnmb paapymaTb BHH3y Toro, hto mbi 



qTO BOTB HOTHHi. bu 

6yjjfiwb cxpoHTb Hasepxy. Th nojimewb o6y3;^aTi> 9Ty Baiary 

CJIOBOMT> BoHCiEMl*. H HB^IOCb Ha TCCh. 

no acHOMy Ji6y ToTxcJib^a npoMeJibKHyjia rfenb. 

— H Bcer^a 6yay fltJiaxb to, ^to Bejiarb mh* moh co- 
BtcTb, — cKasaJiT} offb THXO H onpoA'feJieHHo. 

Ohh BcrajiH h nonum ;^aJIbI^e. KoMMepi];iH coB'fexHHK'b npo- 
AOJiatajTb pasBHBaTb CBoeny cnyTHHKy njiaHH h cxpoHTb rpan- 
Aio3HHHy BejiH'iecTBeHHua SAania CBOHX-b bhaobi* na CyAymee. 
B-b 9Ty MHHyTy y Hero BHoaanHO BHpBaJiacB noTpeCnocTb CBa- 
jiHTb cj> ce6a cpaay TaacecTb MOJinama. On'b xorhjrb BHyniHTb 
yBasceme K'b ceO'b h HMtcTt cb xtirb aarjiyniHTb nt^rro, bob- 
OyatAaBinee bI) Rewb xpeBory h onacenie. 

Bee rpaHAioBH'be oxKpHBaJiHCb nepcneKXHBH, noA^b BJiianieM'b 
ero KpacHoptHHBHX'b onHcaHift. Yace 6ujrb BHA'feH'b HcnoJiHECidfi 
6poHeHocei^i>, cnycKaBiuiflcji ot> Bep(|)H, npn paAocxHHX'b Kpii- 
Kax'b xHCHHHofJ xoJiHH, cjiHmajiCH ryjii Cea^HCJieHHaro MHo«e- 
cxBa MOJioxoB'b, KpacoBajiHCb pa8B'bBaH)iii;iecH necxpne BHMuejia 
H (|)jiarH Ha Bci^xT* Rpumax'b Bep(|)H h na Bchxii cyjsfiULTy, Rpe£t- 

CHpyion^HX'b no p-^K*]^ Cb KJie^MOM'b BHJIJinHrOBCKHX'b BaBOAOBl). 

Jloace p-feKH 6yAexi> pacmnpeno, aamynHXTb ^'bJIHfi paAi> 3eM- 
jie^epnaxejibHHX'b MamnH'b jiJisi yrjiyOjieniH pycjia. Ptna CyAerb 
coeAHHena cb MopeMi) nocpeAcxBOMi) mnpoRaro Ranajia, oxRyAa 
cyAa CesTi saAepncRH CyAyx'b nonaAaxb nepes'b sajiHB'b B'b Mope. 

MHHHCXpH HHOCXpaHHICb TOCyAapCXB'b, BHCORie BOeHHHe HHHH, 

HH«eHepH, Aa»e rocyAapn npi^AyTi* ocMaxpnBaxb bhjijihhtob- 
CRie saBojK h (|)a6pHRH, nepBHe B'b Mip'b. H Bch ohh npe- 

RJIOHHXCH nepeAl) ^eJIOB'i^ROlfb, CBOHMH C06cXBeHHHMH CHJiaMH 

noAHHBmHMCA AO xaRol! BHCOxu, oxRyAa on'b MO»cexi> npeAnncH- 
Baxb BaKOHH H ycxaHaBJiHBaxb i^'bHH na pHHRax'b; Bch ci> da- 

BHCXbK) 6yAyXl> TOJlUEThOSi BORpyPb HOrO. 

— H xorAa noflAyxT> xaRMce 6apoHH ^OH'b-BnjijiHHrH, mh- 
jiuA FoxxojibA'b! ^ajib, hxo cxapHe Caponti ^oH-b-BeHAeHH, XBOfi 
oxea'b H XBoK A^Ai*, He ao^hjih ao axoro BpeMenn. Ohh 6h ne 
;KajioBajiHCb xorAa na mesalliance npeACxaBHxeJibHHUu hxi> poAa. 

Ero jiHi^o HHJiajio, rjiaaa Cjiecxtjm, on'b coBopmeHHO norpy- 
3HJICH B'b CyAyn^ee. H ohi> meji'b xyAa, RaR-b HejioBtR'b, HMtio- 
ujfSL BnepoAH Et'fejiyH) »H3Hb. FoxxojibA'b noAyMaji-b HeBojibHO- 
,A CHHT> ero ne xo'lexT) BOBBpamaxbCH aomoK, h mena 6ohxc« 
pa6o^efl ifaccH; C9RHMaH)iAefl B'b RapManax'b cboh MOBOJiHCxne 
RyjiaRH, MaccH, Roxopyio a AOJiateHb yRpoxHXb EBanrejibCRHM'b 
ynemeM'bl*' 

Ohh cnycRajiHCb xenepb no cRjiOHy, neAaJiCRO orb bmjijih 
H BHA'bjiH BHHsy BejieHyi) njion^aARy xeHHHca, cb ero cbx- 
RaMH H MejibRaBmHMH MeacAy hhmh xpena mojioahmh ({)Hry- 
paMH, OA'i^xHMH B'b CB'i^xaue rocxdmh. Mann Jiexajm bo Bch 

CTOpOHH, CM'bX'b H BOCRJIHI^aHia BBJ^aJIH B'b Be^iepHOfi XHmHH'b. 



56 P70CE0B BOrATOTBO. 

B-B 9Ty MHHyiy noAHHJica KaKOfi-TO cnop'b, BajiecKa ci> paa- 
4pa»ceHieM'B 6pocnjia cboh) JionaTKy h OTBepnyjiacb. Eopy^HKi) 
(|)OHTb-BpeHKeHAop(|)'B BApyri> onycTHJica nepeAi* neK na kojAhh, 
noAajTb JionaTKy h KaK-b (5h cb MOJib6oft npoTHHyjiij Kh nefl 
cjio^eHHHH pyKH. BajiecKa co ciitxoM'b noTHHyjia ero aa pyKH 
Ksepxy. 

— 3A*cb, noBHAHMOMy, ^rro-To sapo^AaeTca, — cKaaaji'b, yjiH- 
Cancb, roTxojibA'B. 

Ho KOMMepi^iH COBtTHHK'b CABEHyjI-b 6pOBH. 

— Eiii,e 6h! BtiKynaib nopyniiKa, o6peMeHeHHaro AOJiraMH, 

KaKB pa3T> BXOAHT'b BTi MOH DJiaHH. H^Tb, BTOTB CHOpTb H npC- 

AocTaBJiHH) pasHHM'b parvenus; oht> AOBOJibHo-xaKH Byjibrapeffb. 
MoH jioHbrH Hy^KHH MHi flfls. Apyroro ynoTpe6jieHifl, KaKi* xeOt 
HSBicTHo. BajiecKa sHaeTB moh atejiania. Oaa no^xn jsse no- 
MOJiBJieea ci> MOHM-b njieMaHHHKOM'b, FySepTOM-b. 8xo — o^eHb 
A'feJibHHfl HCJioB'feK'b H HacxoHmift BwjiJiHHr'b. H yBtpeni), ^xo 
OMy npeACXOHXT) fijiecxamaa Kapbepa. 

MoJina, CAiJiajiH ohh ocxajibHoft nyxb. CMixB h Boarjiacti 
Cb njiomaAKH jiayHB-xenHHca AOHOCHJiHCb Kh ehmb bco BpeMii, 
noKa ohh ho aohijih ao bhjijih. TaM-b FoxxoJibA'b npocxHJica, 
He CMOxpa Ha yroBopH KOMMepi^in coBixHHKa, ne noHHMaBmaro, 
^xo Moxcex-b HjieMaHHHKa rnaxb oxciOAa. FoxxoJibA'b BApyrB no- 
^BcxBOBaji-b HeB03M03KH0CTb ocxaxbcfl. nocjit xoro, HXO OH-b 
BHA'feJii> ceroAHa nocjit oC-feAa, KamAHil KycoKB, nporjiOHeHHHft 
uwb cpeAH axoft pocKoinnoft o6cxaHOBKH, ocxaHOBHJica 6h y 
Hero BB ropjit. 

— fl, cepbOBHO, AOJiHceH'b yWxH, — CKaaajTb owb: — Mnt ne- 
ofixoAHMO em;e CA'feJiaxb BHSHX'b. H hh paay ne 6hjii> y nacxopa 
FaAefiyma, a ero mohcho sacxaxb xojibKO BenepoM'b... KcxaxH, eme 
OAHH'b Bonpocb: kxo xanaa ^pe^jieftH'b Jlep-b? 

— JIepi>? 9x0— AOHb cyMacmeAniaro AOKXopa, axencxa. 

— Axencxa? 

— ^a. OaHOFO HB'b dTEXly COBpeMeHHHXl) JiBOAeft, He BtpyD- 

uXETb HH B'b Bora, hh btj ^opxa, noABOAamnx'b Becb iiip-b 
noA'b A'fettcxBie ^hcxo MexanH^ecKHX'b saKOHOB'b h, bm^cxo Bora, 
KJianymnxcH chjioJ! h Maxepieil. Enpo^eMB, fiesBpeAHtiK AypaKB, 
Ha^o nojiaraxb. Cbob) Ao^b oh-b bobco ho KpecxHJi'b, h ona xBa- 
cxaexi» cBOHM'b asH^ecxBOM-b. B'b HameMi) Kpyry 3xh jiioah ne 
6uBBX)rh.,. Hxo xedt npHnuio bb rojiony cnpocHXb o hhxb? 

— B'B paCoHOM'B KBapTaJii ohh, Kamexca, ^ejiaHHHe rocxii 
H A'feJiaiox'b MHoro Ao6pa. 

BHJiJiHHr'b noHcaji'b njienaMir. 

— TojKe, HJiH npocxoe XBacxoBcxBO, hjih ohh xoiaxB 
npo6paTbca kb FocnoAy Bory ^epesB ^epnuft xoatb! Ho bxo 
BBAop-b. Bo bchkomb cjty^a'fe, xanie jiioah A'feitcxByK)xi> naryCno, 
a KorAa ohh oKpymaiorb ce(5a jiynesapHHM'b B'feni^oM'b 6e3- 



qXO BOTi HCTHHA. 57 

KopHCTHHXT> OjiaroTBopHxejiefl, — TO 6h¥)Tb HafiipH-aKa. JJfiLme 
caMOK) cBoeio 6jiaroTBopHTejibHocTbio ohh coBAarorb onnosHi^iio... 
Ho TH, KOHGHHO, 6yAenib ;^ep5KaTbCJ^ B^ajiH oT-b hexti. 06pa- 
THTb TaKoro copTa jiiOAett ne bobmohcho; jiyqme noaxoMy H36t- 
raib HXT). 

roTxajibAT) HHHero ne oiB'feTHJi'b. Ohh bohijih B'b Jiowh, hto5h 
OTHCKaTb (|)pay BHJiJiHHrb: FoTxoJibA'b xoT-fejn> Cb.Heft npo- 
CTHTbCH. Ohh HamjiH ee B'b eyAyapt. H'fecKOJibKO cnjiomHtix'b 

CTeKJIflHHHX'b ABepefl USTb KOMHaTH OTKpHBaJIHCb BT> napKij, Ha 

npHMyio, oCcameHHyK) KycTapHHKOM'b, Aopory B'b ji'fecb. Ona 
CTOHJia y o;iHoft HS'b aTHX-b 3anepTbiXT> ABepefl h cMoipijia 
BAajib. FoTxojibA'b iiOAyMaji'b, hto ofla xaK'b ycrpoHJia 006% kom- 
Haxy AJiH xoro, ^xo6h KamAoe MrnoBeHie, B'b cjiyHa* naAoO- 

HOCTH, MOHCHO 6nJI0 HOMeAJieHHO CKpHXbCH; HHa^e oHa He BH- 

Hecjia 6h cxpaxa, CesnpecxaHHo c^KHMaBHiaro eft cepAme. B'b 
axy MHHyxy oHa KaK'b 6h ycnoKOHBajia ce6^ BosMOJKHOcxbio etr- 
cxBa, H KorAa roxxcjibAT^, npomaacb cb neft, BB^ji'b ek ropH^iyio 
pyKy, OHa, noKaaHBaa na yjiHqy, cKasajia eny c^h xopatecxByio- 
mjiwb BHpaHcenieM'b B'b rjiasax'b: 

— He npaBAa jih? BA'fecb Momno bo BpoMa yfi'fewcaxb oxb 

HHX'b. 

— Bcb MH B'b pyKax'b Bo^Kinx'b, MHJiaa xexH, — oxB'fexHJi'b 
roTXOJibAT> cxporo H, noi^tjioBaB'b en pyny, BHHieji'b. 

KoMMepi^iH coB'fexHHK'b npoBOAHjn> ero ao p'femex^axoii Ka- 
JiHXKH. Ho nyxH oH-b He npopoHHJi'b hh cjioBa. Ha npomanbe 
OH'b CKaaaji-b: , 

— KaK'b BHAHmb, MH'b ne nysKHO CoaxbCH „3aBHCTH OoroB'b**, 
KaK'b IIojiHKpaxy! 

C'b axHMH cjioBaMH oH'b rpycxHo KHBHyji'b rojioBoft H Banep'b 
KajiHXKy. 

V. 

Il^epKOBb Hexpa h HaBJia Cujia nocxpoena na cxapoM-b Kp'fe- 
nocxHOM'b Bajiy, B'b lomnoft qacxH ropoAa. Ona CHHxajiacb caMoft 
cxapoft xpHcxiancKoft nocipoflKolt bo Bceft npoBHHii;iH h nepBo- 
HanajibHo CtiJia KaxojiHHecKoft. Ho pe(|)opMai];ia, aaAepmaBmaa 
noHXH AO HOB'bftniHX'b Bpenen'b pacnpocxpaneHie KaxojiHii;H3Ma 
B'b cxpant, saBJiaA'fejia axoft i^epKOBbio. Tenepb 9xo CHJia Bex- 
xaa H, no coBpeMeHHHM-b xpeCoBaniHifb, HeBHAHan i^epKOBKa, 
KaK'b 6u ycxajio npHCJioHHBmaaca K-b cnjiomnoft Maccfe cxapHH- 
HHX'b nocxpoeK'b, npHMKHyBniHX'b K'b ea cx'feH'b. BAania npoH3- 
BOAHaH Bne^axji'feHie necHMMexpH^HO nocxpoeHHHX'b KaaapMX, 
C'b CoJibniHMH npoMesKyxKaMH MeacAy hhmh. B'b A'fefJcxBHxejibHo - 
CTH BA^cb KorAa-xo 6ujrh MonacxHpb, ne aaKOHqeHHHft nocxpoft- 

KOft H OXnaCTH pSBpymeHHHft B'b BOeHHOe BpOMa; BIIOCJI'feACXBiH 

OH'b Koe-KaK'b 6ujih npHBeAeHT> B'b nopaAOK'b. Tenepb BA'fecb 



58 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

noMtmajica npiioTt jiJisi CTapHX-B A'feBHU'b, h b% HHacneMt BTami 
SRKSvb nacTopt. 

Bhjio jskg no^TH TeMHO, KorAa FoTXOJibA'B nosBOHHJi'b y 
i^epKOBHaro AOMa h cnpocHJTB nacTopa raAeOyma. Ciapyxa, 
oTBopHBinaH ABepb, BcrptTHjia ero cb AaJieKo He npHB'feTJiHBHM'B 
jrHi^OMi). Ona npoBop^ajia ^to-to b-b poA*: „hh MHHyTH hokoh, 
H notcTb Aame He AaAyTB", — h fiesB AaJibHtamHX'B paaroBo- 

POBB, He CnpOCHB'b HH 3BaHia, HH HMeHH, BBejia rOTXOJIbAa Bt 

cfeHH IT, TOJiKHyBB ABepb, saKpiiHajia: 

— r. nacTopTi, BA^cb onaTb kto-to upnmejrhl 

Ona nponycTHJia BnepeAi> MCAJiHBmaro FoTxojibAa h sa- 
nepjia aa ehmb ABepb. 

ToTxojibA'b onyTHJica bb Oojibmoft, hohth nycxoil KOMHaTt, 
HanojiHeHHoJt rycTHMB TafianHbiM'b ahmomb. HtcKOJibKO mfho- 
Benia OHB paBJiH^ajTb TOJibKO o^epTania MeSejiH h neBHCo- 
Karo, njioTHaro, ciaparo rocnoAHHa, cHAiBmaro Cb ahmiib- 
nieflcH rpyCKOfl, nepeAB rpoMaAHMMB, BaBajieHHHMB khh- 
raMH H 6yMaraMH nncbMeHHHM'b ctojiomb. rjiHHanaH nHBHaa 
KpymKa H TapejiKa c-b ociaTKaMH fiyiepfipoAOB-b ctohjih nepeAB 

HHMI). nOJIKH Cb KHUraMH H CiyJIbfl AOnOJIHflJIH oficiaHOBKy 

KOMHaTH; H'bKorAa 6'bjma TFOjieBHH BanaBtcKH na bhcokhx'b 
0KHaxi> cAiJiajiHCb 6ypoBaTO-^ejiTHMH, h bch KOMHaTa npoHS- 
BOAHJia Bne^aTjiime, to^ho ea ^HJiei^B He hm^jib HHKaKoro 
npeACTaBJienia o6'b yAoecxBaxB, hjih tq.ri> p^ako nojibSOBajica 
HMH, HTO fieanopHAOKB H HeyioTHocTb Aame ne 6pocajiHCb eny 
BB rjiaaa. 

KorAa FoTXOJibA'b nasBajiB ce6a, nacTopB FaAeCymB OHCTpo 
BCTajiB, OTCTaBHJi'b BB cTopoHy TpyfiKy H nomeji'b eMy na BCTptny 
Cb npoTHHyTOft pyKoit. 

— Salve confrater!— CKaaajiB ohb rpoMKO, BHpaaHreJibHHM'b 

rOJIOCOMB, H Cb BHAHMOfl npHBHHKOft ^aUlje rOBOpHTb Ha HHHCHe- 

H^Mei^KOMB HapiniH, — salve! Mnt deHb npiaTHO, ^to bh na- 
B'fecTHJiH CTaparo MeAB'feAH bb ero Oepjiort. 

Ohb TaKTb cHjibHo Ho^eaji'b pyKy FoTxoJibAy, hto totb ^yxb 
He BCKpHKHyjTb OTB 60JIH. IIlHpoKonjie^aH, KopenacTaa (|)Hrypa 
cTOflJia nepeAt hhmb, pacTonbcpHB'b Horn, h paarjiaAHBajia ero 
Cb HaHBHHM'b cnoKoftcTBieMb. Ero rpoMaAHaa roJiOBa o6pocjia 
cfeAHMH BOJiocaMH. YMHHe, BecojiHe, cfeptie rjiaaa na 6e36opo- 

AOMB JTHDCfe, mypaCb, OCMaTpHBaJIH nOCfeTHTeJIH CO BCfeX'b CTO- 

poFb, a mnpoKitt, ho^th 6e33y6Hft poTB JiacKOBO yjitiCajica. 

— Hmb, Hmb!— roBopHJiB owhy nojioacHB-b na nJie^H Fot- 
xojibAa 06'fe cHjiBHHa pyKH. — TaKB, botb KaKOBB r. 6apoHT>!.. 
KaKaa necib jiusi Mena! CaAHTecb!.. HoAoacAHre-Ka, cea^acb uu 

9T0 yCTpOHMB. 

Oh-b OeaacajiocTHo cfipocHJiB rpyAy fipomropB cb oahofo hsb 
cxyjibeBB npaMo na uojib. 



HTO ICTL flCTHHA. 59 

— IIoSBOJIHTe KjrpHTb? 

— IIo^ajiyficTa! 

— Bjiaro^apK). Mh* 6hjio 6u oneHb xpy^iHO OTKaaATbca. 
BenepoM'b eeat TpyCKH — cymee HHciHJiHme... Cjiasa Bory, eiqe 
He noracjia. 

Oh'l cA'feJiaji'b H'fecKOJibKO cHJibHHX'b saTaMceKT), onarb oKy- 
TaBmiix'B ero rycrHM'b AUMOifb, oiRyAa Buji.'hnsiJieLCh TOjibKO 
ero C-fajiaa rojiosa. 

— JSfl, HtMi) me Bacib yrocTHXb? HafiHTKa y mchh whrb. 
Ho cTaKaHi) nnsa Mory npHRaaaTb npHHecTH js^Jisi Bacb. KyjibM- 
6axcKoe — cBiiKee, npano Hs-b 6o^kh, o^esb peKOMeejtyro. 

FoTXojibfl'b, noCjiarojiapHB'b, OTKaaajicH. 

raAe6ym'b bs^jtb cboh) KpyacKy, CA'feJiaji'b Cojibmoft tjiotokti 

H CO CiyKOM'b OnyCTHJII) I^HHKOByiO KpHmKy. 

— 5Kajib! H He nypHTe Tanme? CoBcfeM'b cbhtoKI 

Owb SaCM'bHJICH CBOHM^b 0C06eHHUM'b CM'bXOM'b, JiyKaBO 

npHiiiypHBT> rjiaaa, h yroxHo ycbjica B-b cBoeM'b njieTenoM'b 
Rpecji'b. 

— Bojibmofi pocKoraH y Mena TOHce, KoneHHO, whYh, 3acBH- 
fltTCJibCTBOBaTb MOTRBTb MOfl CTapaa PcrHHa! CKaxepTb 6HBaeT'b 
TOJibKo B'b 06'bfl'b, a M51 y^KHHa ^acro ne xeaTaerb BpeMeHH. 
Ho Mfli Bce, KaKT> BHAHre, HAerb BnpoK'b. — On-b CHOBa aa- 
cwhsuicsi. — Hy, a bh? Bh co6HpaeTecb naHHHaTb rojiOAHHO 
prti npojieiapieB'b 6H6JieftCKHMH HspeHemaMH?.. Hn^ero fiojibme 
He noMo^Kei'b, care confrater. Ohh— Oojibme ne a'^th. Ohh bh- 
pocjiH H nepepocjiH nacb na i^-bjiyK) rojiony. — OhT) MaxHyji'b 
Tpy6K0fl B'b BOBAyxt, KaK'b 6yAT0 xorfeji'b noKaaaTb, HacKOJibKo 
'nepepocjiH. 

JIhi^o FoTXOJibAa oMpa^HJiocb. 

— Bh xoTHTe CKaaaxb, hto Moa A*^TejibH0CTb ne CyAerb 
HM^Tb peayabTaTa?— cnpocHJi'b OH'b cb rope^bio. 

— ByAeTb aaBHcfexb orb Toro, hto bh CTaneTe jx'hjiB.rb, — Bospa- 
BH^Tb TOPb cnoKoiaHO, cpeAH oCaaKOB'b AHMa. — Ecan BMtcTo xa'fe6a, 
CTaneTe o6'femaTb i^apcraie He6ecHoe, h npn tom'b na ycaoBin, 
^to6h OHH xpaOpo npoAoaacaan roaoAaib h A*JiaTb nplaxHoe ani^o, 
Aa6H HHKTO HHHero He BaM'feTHa'b, — He MHorie 6jjiyTb caymaxb. 
3x0 A^ao HaAO bocth ntcKoabKO peaabnte. Mu, AyxoBencxBO, 
Hxo MoaceM'b Boo(5ii(e CA'i^aaxb? HanpHMi^pi>, ct> $a6pHiHHMH 
pa6o^HMH Mwk coBC'bMi) He^ero A'i^aaxb. OAHffb HS'b aoacHuxi* 
BaraaAOBTb, 6yAX0 coi^aabHuft Bonpocb HM'feeTi> B'b BHAy xoabKo 
(|)a6pHHHHX'b paCoHHX'b. KaKoJJ Hopxii! Rwb bo MHornx-b otho- 
meHiaxTb ropasAo aynme, H'feM'b ocxaabHOMy paOo^eny aroAj: 
B'b AepeBH* BaaA^abi^H ycaAeC-b acaayroxca, hxo hb Moryx-b 
HaflTH aioAefij noTOMV hxo Bce fitacnx'b B'b ropoA'b h na (t)a6- 
pHKH. A 8TH MeaKie peMecaennHKH, yCnxHe 6oabfflHMH npeA- 
npiaxiaMH, bc* cayman^ie B'b pasHHX'b npeAnpiaxiax-b, My^HHHH 



60 PyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

H ^KeHmHHH, npHHyacAeHHHe HaflpHBaiLca sa rpomoBoe bob 
HarpamAenie h pncKyromie eHceAHesHO oHyiHTbCH Oesi* xjiiiCa, 
TaK'b • KBiKh npe^ocxaBJieHH npoHseoJiy KanHTajiHCTOB'B, pasBi 
3T0— He o6e3AOJieHHHe?.. Ectb eiu;e i^tJia^ paxb xaKHX-B, h hh 
OAHHii HejioBtK'B He roBopHTb EHXi). Hy, a a oKpyHteH'B hmh, 
OHH cocTaBJiiiiorL 6ojibmyH) nacTb Moero npnxoAa. To TyrB, to 
TBiWb SI cyM-feK) BBepnyTb cjioBe^KO, ecjiH nihjio KOCHexca co- 
qiajibHaro Bonpoca. HHineia, MOt! MiiJiuft confrater, HHmexa, Ky^a 
HH BBrjiaeefflb! Ho H3'b-3a 9Toro... ne (rnhjiyerh xepaxb xopomaro 
HacTpoeHia. — Owb BHQHJi'b ao Ana cboh) Kpy^tKy h Burep'b ry6H 

BOJIOCaTOH) KHCTbH) pyKH. 

— A ^To Bu A^jiaexe KaKT* AyxoBHUfl nacrapb? — cnpocHji'b 
roTxojibAi>:— B-feAB B'b aioM'b Bame npHBBanie. 

raAeCymij xHipo yjiHCnyjica. 

— a nponoB'bAyK) o iijapcTBiH BoJKioM'b, jiiofieaHHft confra- 
ter, HO He 6'feAHNM'b H rOJIOAaJOIHiHM'b, a GoraTHM'b H CHTbIMl>. 

Sthxij a BcerAa sanyrHBaio, ecjiH ohh ho xothti* OTKpHXb 
CBOfl KomejieKi), h o6'femaK) hmtj Bt^Hoe fijiasKeHCXBo, ecjiH 

OHH OXKpHBaiOX^ OFO HIHpOKO. BliAHHe caMH CA^bJiawxcH pejiH- 

riOBHHMH H nOKOpHHMH, KOFAa yBIlAHTlj, ^TO RWh HOMOraJDXT*. 

^0 xtxij sue nopii Bce— oahh cjiOBa. Hama Aopora— Kt CoraxuM'b. 
roxxojibAi> cjierKa noKanaji'b roJiOBOfl. 

— Bh BcnoMHHxe, — npoAOJiacajxb raAe6ym'b:„ — Jierqe Bep- 
6jiH)Ay npolixH ^epeaij nrojibnoe yniKo, H'feM'b GoraxoMy nonacxb 
B'b iiiapcxBie He(5ecHoe**V Hmohho no3xoMy, Aoporoli co6paxi,, 
HamacBHxafl ofinaaHHOCXb — ocstmaxb HM'b Aopory.— Ofl'B rpoMKo 

SaCM'bHJICH. 

— KaKan nojibsa B'b xomI), ^to Coraxue 6yAyxi> OjiaroxBo- 
pHXb xoJibKo H3'b cxpaxa, MHoroyBamaeMHfl xoBapHu;T>? — cnpo- 
CHjn> FoTxojibA'b. — TaKie AapH oAHnaKOBO hh^xojkhh no cyni;e- 
CTBy, KaKT) AJia Aaroin.HX'b, xaK'b h jijih nojiyqaiomHX'b. H seslio 
axeiicTOB'b, pasAaionjiHX'b mhjiocxhhh). B'b 9XHX'b ycjiosiax'b no- 
M«jmn C'feAHHe cxaHOBHXca aji^HUMH, bhahxT) CBoe npaBO TBiWh, 
rjx'h npoHBJiHexcH Jinmb MHJiocepAie. 

FaAeGym'b BHnycxnji'b orpoMHoe ctpoe oCjiaKO AtiMa J&oaho- 

BpeMOHHO H3AaJI'B Ht^XO B'b pOA* CBHCXa. 

— OblOl A H XOrO MH'feHiH, HTO XJI'feC'b eCXb XJI-feGl), H KTO 

rojiOAacTTb, xoTi) xo^eTi> fibixb cHXHM'b H He cnpaBJiflexcH, CBpefl 
HJiH xypoK'b neHexT> xji'bG'b, cnacaroniifl ero on-b rojioAHOft 
CMepxH. 51 6epy ero xaM'b, rA'fe Mory Aocxaxb. A ^xo KacaexcH 
aJi^HOCTH 6'bAHHX'b, xo ofi'b QTOwb euxe mojkho cnopHXb: He 
HM'ferox'b jiH OHH, iiMcxBHxejibHO, npaB'b Ha xo, ^xo HM-bAarorb 
xaK'b HeoxoxHo? Bo BCHKOM'b cjiy^at, .TiK)6e3HHtt confrater, B'b 
OAHH'b npeKpacHLif! Aenb axH jtioah A0Ka5KyxT> cboh npana, CHXh 
MOJKex'b, ciy y;KacaK)ui,eli Hcnocxbio, HBcb namn cJioBa xorAa ne 
noMoryx'b... Ho H3'b 3a 3xoro ne cji'feAyex'b lepnxb xopomaro na- 



HXO SCTb HOTHHi. 61 

cTpoeHiH.. Oh'b noKOBBipaji'L bij CBoel! TpyfiKt.— BnpoHeMi>, mh* 
fifciJio 6h JiroOonHTHO yseaTb, KEKt Hnane Mory a sacTaBiiTb 60- 
raTtixt pacKpHTb cboit KapManu, • ecjiH He cneKyjinpoBaTb na 
HX-B cxpax^b? H He Bnaio HH^ero j^pyroro aji-^ BoaCyacflema HX'b 
ot3hb^hbocth... Ohh npHiiepmHBaioTca BsrjiaAa: „6JiaaceHHH hh- 
mie", H Moryrb ne saxortTb hh 8a KaKia 6jiara jiHfflHTb CtA- 
Huxt HX'b npaB'b Ha nepBencTBO bi* uapcTBin neCecHOM'b. 

— OflH AOJiacHti 6jiaroTBopHTb h noAaBaib mhjioctmhr) 6*^- 

HBIMX, BO HMa iHCyca XpHCTa, — CTporO BOapaSHJI'L FoTXOJIbA'b. 

FaAeOymTb ptsKHM'b yAapoMi) BHKOJioTHjn> cbok) Tpy6Ky. 

— J^a, Aa!— CKaaajii) OH'b (t)JierMaTHHHo. — 3to 6ujio 6h xo- 
pomo, npeBocxoAHo... Ho noKa a naflAy TaKHxi), Bcb moh 6'hjX' 
HaKH nepeiipyT'b c^h rojioAy. — Oh'b norjiaiHJi'b CBott ctAOft xo- 
xojn>. — EcjiH 6u nosBOJiajio BpeMH — nero jiy^me? nponoBtAH- 
BaTb EBaareaie HMymnMB — B^Ab 8to to, hto naMB nyacHO, ao- 
poroft coCpaTTb!.. H 6Hao 6m coBepmeHHo no MOOMy BKycy. H 
HarHaJi'B 6h aa nHX-b laKoro cipaxa, hto bb KOHU'b kohuob'b 
npacMHp'fejiH 6h... Bh ne xothtc cjiHOiaxb Moel! xeopin ycipa- 
ffleHia, HO OesB nero ne AOCTHrnemb acejiaxejibHUxi) pesyjibxa- 
TOBi>, r. confraterl 

OH'b BCTaji-b, H'bcKOJibKo pasB pacnpaBHji'b cboh pyKw h rjiy- 
60K0 BBAoxHyjiB CBoefi MoryqeK rpyAbD. JI.BHaceHieM'b pyKB owl 
KaK'b 6yATo npoOnBaji'b CHJiy cbohx^ Muniq-b. HoBHAHMOMy, ne- 
npHBUHHoe AOJiroe CHA^Hbe oneab xaroTHJio ero. 

— Bh, OHeBHAHo, npHAepacHsaexecb xoro MH-feHia, hxo cpeAH 
6oraxHX'b Bcxp't^aexca Oojibme neBtpia 11 HAOJionoKJioHCXBa, 
HtMOb cpeAH 6'feAHHX'b? — cnpocHJi'b FoxxejibAB. 

— TaKB H AyMftK), — BCKpaqajiij FaAefiym'b, Ha6iiBaa CHOBa 
CBoio xpyCKy. — HeBtpie! Haojiohokjiohcxbo!.. JlHaeai'fepH ohh h 
MomeHHHKH! Hxrb Borb— ACHbrn; hmb ne nyatHo Apyroro. B^a- 
HHe... Hxo y HHXB ecxb? 3xh i^tnjiaioxca eme aa ocxaxKH peJiH- 
riH, KaKB OHH ee noHHMaioxB, xoxa h SAi^cb npHMiiuHBaexca 
He MaJiaa AOJia cjiyacenia HAOJiy. Ho KorAa ohh oxpeKaroxca OTb 
pejiHriH, xo ymB, A*15cxBHxejibH0, nonaAaiorb bb ox^aaHHoe, co- 
BepmeHHO OeanoMomnoe nojiomeHie. Hx^ nejibsa pyraxbsaaxo: 
OHH, npocxo(|)HJiH, AocxoliHH xojibKO coacajifema... BoraxHe Aop- 
acaxca aa peJiHriro noxoMy, hxo bhahxb bb neft naMopAHHK'b 
AJia 6'bAHHX'b, Aa6H xi ne KycajiHCb— h fiojibme HH^ero. CaMH 
ace OHH, BB CBOHXB AMcxBiaxB h nocxynKax'b, c^b pejinriett 
HHKorAa He c^Hxaioxca. H b'b i^epKOBb xoahxT), h 3aKaxHBaH)Ti> 
KBepxy rjiaaa xojibKO jijih xoro, hxo6h „Aaxb xopomiit iipH- 
M'fep'b" npojiexapiaMT), aKo-6H xonym.HM'b bb nyHHH'b rptxa. 
CxpaxB, OAHH^ xojibKO cxpaxB h paac^exB A^Jiaexb pejinrioa- 
HHMH BXEXB xaHHcefl. HsB cxpaxa h BHroAH OHH pacKpHBaroxB 
CBOH KapMaHM, KorAa nyacAa BSUBaex'b kl neCy yacb cJinniKOM'b 
rpoMKo. EfiaHrejiia ohh coBepmeHHo ne xoxhtb snaxb — yBtpaH) 



62 P700S01 BOrATGTBO' 

Baci. CaMHft iipHfi coi^iaJTB-AeMOKpaTB fiojite xpHCTiaHHHi>, 
^'bM'B Bcfe OHH... EnponeMt, Hst 3a BToro ne ctoht'b Tepaib 
xopomaro HacTpoema... 

Oh'b noAepmajiTb y Tpy6Kw ropaiu;itt Tpyrt h aaKpH^aJTB 

CBOHMX JIbBHHHMT> rOJIOCOM'B: 

— Pe-rH-Ha! 

Crapyxa npocyHyjia rojiosy Bt ABepb. 

— PerHHa, npHnecH mh* eme KpywcKy nHBa! CeroAHa boc- 
KpeceHbe, h y Menn nepecoxjio bti rjioTKi orb pasroBopoBi). 

Crapyxa cxBaTHJia nycTyio KpyacKy cb nncbMeHHaro CTOJia. 

— H'hjXb 9T0 BOSMyTHTCJIbHO, T. flaCTOp'b, HTO OHH CeC'fe HOBBO- 
JI5]K)T'b!— nporOBOpHJia OHa CBOHM'B HenCHHM'b, BOPHJIHBHM'B rOJIO- 
COM'B.— H h^mtj Aajibme, rhwh 6ojibmeI.. BocKpeceabe jih, 6yAHH, 

HHKTO CT> QTIiWb EC CnpaBJIHeTCH... B^Ab 8Ta reJIb6Ka OlI^ITb 

y^te BAicb!.. To^ho AJia Bcero CB^Ta bh aojimchh cToaTb ea 
Kapayjit, n Ka^cAOMy ctohtb TOJibKo nocTynaTbca, ^to6h bh 
TOT^acB sue aBHJiHCb noKopH'feiiniHM'b cjiyroJt. Xopomo TanyT'b 
AeHbrH HBT) Bamero KapMana — ne^ero CKasaTb! Fp'feinHo h cthaho! 
BtAi> TaKi) He BOBMomHO SKETh AyxoBHOMy JIHI^y! 
Ona cepAHTO naxnyjia Kpy^Ko^ h xoiijia yftxH. 

— Hy, Hy, PerHHa!— OTBiTHJI'b oh'b go CBOHM'B mhjihmt> CM'i- 
XOM'b, OTKpHBIHHM'b H'feCKOJIbKO ^KaJIKHX'b 3y6Hb[X'b KOpeniKOB'b, 

H iiorjiaAHJi'b ee no mie^y. — ByAB no npemneMy Ao6pofl! Co- 
BcfeM-L He TaK'b yacb njioxo... 

— H'feT'b! — npoBopnajia ona h, naKJiOHHB'b rojiOBy, Barjianyjia 
Ha Hero HCKOca, cb BHpamenieM'b cocTpaAanifl h npcBOCxoA- 
cTBa. — B-b A'bi^cTBHTejibHocTH xy^e b-b Tuca^y pas'b, r. nacTop'b, 

H 9T0 BH CaMH XOpomO BHaeTO, XOTH H HO C03HaeTeCb. B05Ke, KaK'b 

Ha'b BacB H3BJieKaK)T'b nojibay h KaK'b Bacb naAyBaioT'b!.. bch- 
Kiii ^epHopado^ift MeH-be 6e3noMomeH'b. H He Mory Cojibine 
Tepn'BTb, r. nacTopB, ne Mory CoJibme BHA-feTb, n yxoacy... ^ 
npcAynpemAajia BacB. 

— ^a, Aa, Pernna, npeAynpe^cAaJia, ho HHKorAa ne hchoji- 
HHJia CBoft yrpo3H. H b'b CyAymeM'B ne cA^Jiaemb, noTOMy ^o 
6e3'b Tefia a coBC'feM'b nponaAy, a a 3Toro ne mejiaio... 

On'b npoAOJimaji'b rjiaAHTb ee. Ofla Bce eme Bop^ajia. 

— PerHHa? 

— Hy, ^To eni,e? 

— Hero xo^eT'b 3Ta FejibCKa? 

— Hero eft xoTbTb? j],eHer'b xonerb, KaproniKH xo^eTi),— 

BCfe OHH XOTaTb OAHoro H Toro 5Ke. 

— ThL efit, KOfle^HO, AaJia, PerHHa, — a? — OflT> TOJiKHyji'b ee 

JIOKTeM'b B'b 60K'b. 

— Hto me CTanenib A'bJiaTb? Hnane ne H36aBHnibca ort 
HHX'b!.. B'b KOHixt KOHi^OB'b BH caMH GyAeTO nofinpaTbca, r. na- 
cTopi?!.. FejibCK-fe a Bce me CKaBaJia npaB/iy, ^ito ona oAHanai) 



^TO lOTb HCTHHl.. 63 

rfex'b, HTO rpa6aTB BacB, h hto OKopo y Baci> ne 6y;^e^B hh 
OAHO]^ il'hjioll py6aniRH naj^'bTB, h Bce xodaftcTBo Bame pa3Ba- 
JIHTCH.., Ohh AOJiHtHH sapyfiHTb oeOt aio na Hooy, neron^H!.. 
KcTaTK, He satlAeTe jih ceroAHH Be^epoM'L eme pas-B k^ Jleae, 
ecjiH Boofime cfinpaerecb KyAa-HHOyzjb. Bo BcaKOM'b cjiyna't 
y6HTKa He 6yAerb... Bnpo^eM-b, past Ty^a nonaAere, Bacb ne 
jlosRjiemhca ao nosAHett hohh. Yhcb HSBicTHol 
— A KaK'B no^HBaeTT* Jleae, PerHHa? A? ^to CKasajia TejiLOKa? 

— AxTb, FocnoAH, CTapaa n-fecna! Bee to me h HH^ero ne 
noA*Jiaenib! npoTHBij aioro eme ne npHAyMano HHKaKHXi 
cpeACTBt: eme laKol! ipaBH ne Bnpocjio. KT) TOMy ate, Ka- 
;KeTCfl^ BH — He aoktop'b? 9Ta 6omba TBapb HaxoAHTca b'b 
cocTOjmiii B'b'iHaro crpaxa, h nymHo jih tyrb jjJisi Hci^tjiema 
npHcyrcTBie AyxoBHaro oxi^a, — ne coofipasHmb. — Ona npoBejia 
no rjiaaaifb rojiyfiuM'b CHTAeBHM'b nepeAHHKOM'b. — OAHaKO, ta* 
3Re Bame hhbo, r. nacTopi>!.. 

PerHHa BH6'j^»cajia hsI) KOMHaxu h saxjionHyjia 3a coGoh) ABepb. 

IlacTop'b raAe6ynn> Bop^uiHBO sacM'feHJica el! BCJitAi*. SarfeM-b 
cHOBa Bsajica sa cbod Tpy6Ky, nococaji'b ee cl MHHyxy h, uo- 
BepnyBmHCb k'b ToTxojibAy, CKasaji-b: 

— JSfiy KaKOtt Tyrb tojik'b B'b Ceafipa^H, AoporoK coufrater? 
„JIy^ine ne aceHHTbca", roBopHTb anocTOjii), ho h 8To He cna- 
caerb orb OamnaKa, KaR'b BHAHTe... Ilpomy H3BHHHTb sa Ma- 
jieHbKyK) AOMaiuHiOH) ci^eny. 

FoTxojibA'b cA'feJiaji'b ApyateoKoe oTpHi^aTejibHoe ABHaceme. 

Offb BCe SpeMH ^ySCTBOBaJI'b, KaR'b B'b HOM'b nOAHHMaeTCH 

3Jio6a npoTHB'b 9Toro sAopoBaro RpHRyna: B'b ziyxoBHOM'b o6jia- 
HeniH, OH'b BceTaRH ne Mor'b oTpenbCH ottj hhcthhrthbhoj^ ne- 
HaBHCTH R'b HMy^^IM'b npojieiapifl, KaKHM'b 6iijrh nacTopi) Fa- 
AeCymb no poMtAeniio h npoHcxoyKAemro. OH'b xorbjib B'b 6'feA- 

HUX^b BHA'I^Tb HCTHHHO-HeBHHHUX'b CTpaAaJIbl^eB'b, CHHTaH 

BnojiH*]^ cnpaBeA-^HBOl! jiSLsae nx'b 6e33acT'bHiHByK) saBHCTb. 
ApHCTORpaTHHecRaa RpoBb FoTxojibAa B03Myni;ajiacb; B'b HeM-b 
npo6yAHJiocb BHe3anH0 oiBpameHie, Aaace Bpa^AeOHOCTb npoTHB'b 
njie6eeBi>. Tenepb ero Tporajia 6e3noMoni;HaH 3acT'bH^HB0CTb 
CTapHKa: cjioBooxoTjiHBaH cjiymaHKa BH6oJiTajia ero hhthmh'^S- 
mia TaflHH, h OH'b, hohth co CTpaxoM'b, CTapaJica ysnaTb no Btipa- 
ateniH) JiHi^a CBoero rocTa o npoHSBeAeHHOM'b na nero Bne^aTJi'fe- 
hIh. JSft6^u^ HCJioB'feR'b BTorb CTapHii OojiTjH'b; fiesi coMHtnia, 
Ao6p4finiaH Aynia. Mo«eTb Curb, cjinmROM'b AoCpHtt. Ho cbh- 
meHHHKb — eABa JIH xopomifl. B'bpoaTHO, njioxofi cBamenHHR'b,. 
noTOMy HTO cHHTaen peJiHrioanoe yTtmeaie coBepmeHHo 6e8- 
AtjibHHMi> AJia 6'feAHHX'b H »iejiaeTi» jj^Jisi bvltl TOJibRO xjrbOa; 
OH'b CBTbeTca Aame HaA'b rfeMH, rto cb naAeacAofi na CHJiy pe- 
JiHriH xoTOrb fioporbca, A'feflCTBOBaTb h noC^AHTb. Offb h Mh- 
xaajib Meflneprb — He HacToaiii.ie 6opn[H bo HMa Xpncxa. Oh^b, 



64 . PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

roTxojibAi>, cjitAOBaxejibHO, ocTaeeTCH oahhokhm'b b'b CBoefl 
(5opb6'b. Bi) cymecTBb, Kone^HO, He oothok'b totb, kto HflerB 
Ha 6opL6y bo hma Incyca Xpncra... 

CTapyxa npanecjia KpyatKy ixBTBa h yflaJiHJiacb. T2ijie6ynrh 
xoAHJi'b no KOMHaTb, noKypHBaii TpyfiKy, h no BpeiienaMij Myp- 
JiHKaji'b npo ce6H hto-to neBHiiTHoe. roTxoJibAi> Bce cHA'tJii^ 
Mojisia. TojibKo, Kor^a crapHKij noAomeji'b Kb CTOJiy, Baajit cbok>' 
KpyMCKy H CO cjiOBaMH: „Baine SAopoBbe, TOBapHm'b**, noAHecb 
ee Kh ryeaMi), OH'b CKaaaji-b, scraBaa: 

— a BHHcy, HauiH nyTH pacxoAflTca, MHoroyBamaeMHl! to- 
Bapnui.'b. a B-fepro B'b XpncTa, yKaaaBmaro 6'hjiwbLWb h nymAaro- 
m,HMCH Ha nojieBHH JiiiJiiH: owh ne 3a6oTHTca o rpaiiyn^eM'b ah* 
H BcoTaKH Hx-B nHTaeTT* OTeq'b HeCecHEiH. OH'b BOJi'feji'b oTAaxb 
Bce CBoe HMymecTBo, BSHTb na ceCn cBof! Kpecrb h cjitAOBaib 
sa HHM'b. 

raAeCymx KHBHyji'b rojiOBoro. YrjiH ero pia noAepraBajiHCb. 

— EcjiH 6h bh TOJibKo BHajiH, KaKi JierKO Moryrb oTAaTb 
Bce CBoe HMymecTBO MCHsymie B'b noABajiax'b n na saABopKax'b, 
TOBapHni;!)! — CKaBaji-b ohx: — MojiocepAtifi Borb oCjier^HJi'b nTb. 
Ohh Moryrb oinpaBHTbca B'b UiapcTBie HeCecnoe Oeai, BcaKaro 
6araHca. 

— EcjiH TOJibKO OHH He BosbMyTb rptxa na Ayniy, KOTopoMy 
ycTynaioTb Bcb rfejiecHtie rptxH, 6'feAHOCTb h HecnaoTie... JIjopo- 
roa TOBapHnii-b!.. — roixoabAi* noAomeji-b BApyrB Ojihsko ki> 
cTapHKy, nocMorp'feji'b eny B'B jihi^o cbohmh BcnHXHyBHiHMH 
TeMHHMH FJiasaMH; ero yBKas Apo}Kaui;aH pyna nepBHO cacHMaJia 
rpyfine najibn;H: — bh OTAaere 6'bAHHMi> nocji'feAHee h sacra- 
BjMeTe CoraTHXi* oTKpHBaib oboh KomejibKH... ho nponoB'feAyeTe 

JIH BH HCTHHy T'feM'b, KTO Cfl aJI^OTb H HcamAeTij? 

FaAeCym'b nocraBHJrb cbok) TpyfiKy y cnHHKH CTyjia h rjiy- 
6()K0 B3A0XHyji'b. Ero KpacHoe Becejioe jihjuo cpaay CA'feJiajiocb 

CTporHMI). 

— HtO eCTb HCTHHa? — npOHBHeCB OffB THXO, nOHTH 

rpycTHo. 

— TaKT* capocHJi'b IlHJiaTij! — Bcnnjib^HBo BospasHjrb For- 
xoJibAi>. — Mh 3Ke HcnoB'feAyeM'b pacHHTaro XpncTa, KoxopHfl 
CaM'b ecTb HCTHHa. 

— Mh? — noBTopHJi'B raAe6yni'b rfeMT* me TOHOM'b. — Ho Ran^B 
MaJio oKanceTCH HarnHxi* eAHHOMHmjienHHKOBB npa BHHMaTOJib- 
HOMi* HscjitAOBaniH orpoMHOfl MaccH ^ejioBt^ecTBa? B'hjih Bcfc 
MOJiHTca cBoeMy Bory, nasHBarorB jih ohh Ero A.jiJiax'B hjih leroBa, 
nasHBaioTCH jih hxb npopoKH h ocHonaTejiH pejinrin ByAAofl, Koh- 
4)yAieM'b, MaroMOTOMB, h KaacAHtt hb^b hhx'b nenoKOJieOHM'B bb 
cBoeMB yCtMCA^HiH, ^TO HMeHHo OHB ecTb eAHHCTBeHHHfi oCjiaAa- 

Tejn> HCTHHH, H CHaCTJIHBB B'B CBOCft yB'fepeHHOCTH. Bo HMH CH OHB 

6opeTCJi, cTpaAaeTi», bo hmh ea y6HBaerB B'b CBJiui.eHHOMi> rn'feB'b h 



ITO ECTB HGTHHA. 65 

ycep^iH OBomcB BparoBij, BtpHmnxTj HHane. ^oc^oz^b Bori* 
TaMi), HEBepxy, aojihcoh'b, Kone^HO, SHaTb, sa^'feM'B Owb Aony- 
cKaerb see bto h noHeiiy B'fepyromHX'B bo Xpncia Menbine, 
HiMt Apyrex'B. Mh stpHMTb, MH nponoB'fejiyeM'B. Ho Apyrie, 

9TH THCH^H, 9THMHJIJliOHH m^Tb CeOa MyiHTb, yfiHBaTb H31>-8a 

<^Boe{l BtpH, yMnpaioTt Bt cBameHHOM'b ynoBamH, hto ohh-to 
H ecTB BtHHaH HCTHHa. /J^oporoft coOpart, h — ne yneHHft leo- 

JIOPB, a npoCTOfi ^eJIOBtet. Bh AOJIHCHH 6hTB CHHCXOAHTeJIbHH 

Ko MHt, ecjiH a, no Moeny KpatiHeMy paayMtmio, A*J^aK> co6ct- 
BeHHHfl npezxnojioaceHiii, BHymaioiniia mh* cMHpenie. 

— CMHpeHie? — 5KHB0 npepBaji-b FoTxojibA'b, — ^a, ho a Ay- 
iiaio, TaKace h ropAocTb. /tpyrie nmyrb hctkhh, a mh 
dHaeiiCb ee. 

FaAeCyni'b iieAJieHHo Ka^aji'b rojioBOH), ycrpeMHBi) rjiaaa B^b 
noji'b. 

— Mh AyMaeM'b, ^rro BnaeM'b ee, KaK-b h Bcb T'fe, KOTopne 
MOJiJiTCH ApyrHM-b 6oraM'b. 

roTxojibAi) npomejicH H-fecKOJibKo paai) BsaAi* h BnepeA'b 

no KOMHaTi BTj CHJIbHOM-b BOJIHeHlH H BAPyrb OCTaHOBHJIOa 

nepeAi* FaAe^ymeM'b, Mpanno CASHHyB'b (5poBH: 

— Bama Btpa ne ecTb TBepAoe yfi^femAeme B'b tomI), na 
^To MoacHO TOJibKO HaA'feaTbCii, a He BHA'bTb, MHoroyBamaeMHft 
coCpaTb. PasB* bh BipHxe, hto lHcycT> XpncTocb h Borb 
Orei^'b cocTaBJiHioTb OAHBoe, h hto Otb cKaaaji-b: „Bce npeAano 

Mh* OmOM-b MOHM'b H HHKTO HO BHaOT'b CHHa, KpOM'fe OTUa". 

BipHTe JiH BH B'b eAHHopoAHaro Cnna Bomiji? 

CTapiiK'b 6HCTpo noAHHJicfl, rjiasa ero cBepKHyjiH. Ynep- 
mHCb pyKaMH B'b 6eApa, OH-b npoHSHecb cHJibHHM'b rojio- 
cowb: 

— MojiOAOtt HeJioB-feKi)! PasB* bh iiBHJiHCb cK)Aa Aonpa- 
iHHBaTb ciAaro crapiiKa, KonaTbcn B'b ero Ayni'fe? Ha sto 

BaM'b HHKTO He JlBJVh HpaBa. HpHXOAHTe B'b MOH) u;epK0Bb H 

cnyniaftTe moh) nponoB'bAb, hahto kl MOHM'b npnxojKanaM'b h 

<5npOCHTe HX'b TOM'b, KaK'b H »CHBy: MOH ^H3Hb H A't^TOJIb- 

HOCTb oTKpHTH AJiH BC'fex'b. EcjiH HTO-HnOyAb B036yAHTb Bame 
HOAoap'bHie, roTOBbTe opyAin hhtkh h KocTpn, co BcfeMH noB'feft- 
mHMH npHcnocoCjiemHMH hhkbhbhuIh, paacHHraHHHMH na to, 
htoOh Bepnyrb napoAi* Kb pejinrin, — h ne 6oH)Cb. H HcnojiHHH) 

<5B0H 06H3aHH0CTH HO COBIcTH, XOTH... HJIH HMeHHO llOTOMy, ^TO 

He 3HaH), HTo ecTb HCTHHa... TaK'b-To! HAHTe h AonecHTe o6'b 
OTOMT* B'b KOHCHCTopiK), eciiH xoTHTO. fl eiuie HHKOFAa He o6pa- 
maji'b CBoero cepAua B'b pa36oftHHHifi npHTOH'b. 

FoTxojibA'b CHOBa BaxoAHji'b B3aA'b H BnepeA'b no KOMHai'b, 
cKjioHHBmH rojioBy H BaJioacHB-b 3a cnnny pyKH. Ero bojiho- 

BaJIH npOTHBOnOJIOmHHH HyBCTBa. 

— KaK'b MoatHo nponoB'^A^BaTb EBanrejiie, — cnpocnji'b oH'b, 

5 



66 P700S0B BOFATOTBO 

HEKOHei^'B, C*B SaM'feTHOft Cflepa?aHHOCTbH), — He BtpH TBepAO Blr 

HCTHHy, BonjioTHBmyroca Bt oOpaat Incyca XpncTa h comeA- 
myjo Ha aeMJiro? 

— Ho KTO ace BaMX roBopnrB, — npepBaJTB ^az^e(5yII^B, — hto 
fljiH MeHa yTOflie Xpncra ne ecTb HCTHna? JJ^jisi MeH«— -KOHe^HO. 
Ho OTcro^ia eiii,e ne cjrbflyerL, ^ttoCh a HMtjii* npano ocyacAaTJb 

rtX'B, KTO BHffHTB HCTHHy BTi APyrOM'B? PaSB* eCTb a6C0JIK)THaa 

HCTHHa? Jl,oporoft coCpaTi), CBoero Xpncia h jik)6jik) cb njia- 
MeHHUMTj 8HTy3ia3M0M'b, cjiyaty Eny no cBoeMy, cl CearpaHHH- 
Hofi npeAaHHocTbK) h cTapaiocb ^htb no Ero cjiony h y^emio^ 

HBCKOJIbKO n03B0JlHH)Tl> MHt MOH CJiaCfclH CHJIH. Ho KOFAa Jipj- 

rofl TaKHte A'feJia^T'b ao6po, xoth h bo HMa npopoKa MaroMeTa^ 

H flaJieKO MeHH npeBOCXOAHT'b bo BCCMI* BeJIHKOM'b H BHCOKOM'br 

HJiH Kor^a coBciiM'B He Btpyiomifi bt> Bora BceTaKH ji^'hJiB^erb ao- 
6po, no6ymAaeMHfl K'b TOMy TOJibKo cBoeio coBtcTbro h coanaHieM'b 
HpaBCTBCHHOl! o6a3aHHOCTH, npeflCTaBJiHeiTb Hs^b ce6H HHCTaro 
H 6jiaropoAHaro HejioBtKa, KaKHM-b ne OHBaeT-b HHOia, HMenyro- 
mjA ce6a xpncTiaHHHOM'b, — AOJUKeH-b jih a b-b aTHX'b cjiy^aax'b, 
KaK'b (|)apHceft, 6HTb ce6a B'b rpy^b h BOCKJiHi^aTb: „6jiaroAapiD 
Te6H, Borne, hto a ne TaKOft, KaK'b offb? H, TOJibKo a OAHHb 
ortjiaAaK) HCTHHOfi!" ^oporoft coCparb, BToro a ne Mory. 

H OH'b onaTb npHFajica sa cbok) TpyfiKy. Ero nocjiiAHiH 
cjioBa BBynajiH yme KpoTKo h JiacKOBO, h, KaK'b 6u qi> cosHa- 
HieM'b CBoeli nenajibHOfl cjiaCocTH, OH'b noacajrb njienaMH: 

— Bnpo^eM'b, He fiy^eM'b cepAHTbca, — npnfiaBHjrb OH'B, a** 
jiaa ycHJiie aacMiaTbca, h ciajiii BaacnraTb y JiaMiiH Tpyrb^ 
hto6h pacKypHTb cboh) Tpy6Ky. 

FoTxojibA'b THxo noKaMBJih rojioBofi. HiKOTopoe Bpena OH'b 
CHA'feJi'b MOJi^a, noTOMT) noAomeji-b K'b FaAeOymy h npoTanyoTb^ 
eny pyKy. 

— Mm He AoroBopHMca ceroAHa m KOHiiia, TOBapHni;!). Baw-b 
eme npeACTOHT'b naBtcTHTb Cojibnyio, a Tenepb yate hosaho. 
JJfi cJitAyrouiiaro pasa! 

FaAeCym'b nycKajii, Ki[y6H A^Ma, gti niKOTopHM'b saM-fema- 
TejibCTBOMi}. EMy, KaK'b 6yAT0, 6hjio AocaAHO, hto ohij eme 
pas'b BHJioacHji'b CBOK) Ayniy: BToro naBtpnoe ne nyacHo Chjio 
A^jiaTb, H HH K'b ^eMy He noBeAeT'b TaKaa OTKpoBeHHOCTb. 

— HaA'feiocb, BH He noTaneie mchh, cTaparo ocjia, B'b cyAT>? — 

nporOBOpHJTb OHb Cb ateCTKHM-b CM'feXOM'b.— Bh, HaCKOJIbKOa 3a- 
M-feTHJIb, H3'b HeTepnHMHX'b, BXOAaillHX'b CHOBa B'b MOAy H 5Ke- 

jiaroiAHX'b BepnyTb napoAy yfiaaceme K'b peJiHriw. B-fepHH jih 
BaniH cpeACTBa? Mh HacTpoeHH na Cojiie MarKil! toh'b, xoia 
H He KaaceMca laKHMH. KaacAHfi nocTynaeTb TaK'b, KaK'b eny 
AyMaeTca cnpaBeAJiHBHM'b, h KaacAHfi AOJi^Kenx oxB'feHaTb 3a ca- 
Moro ce6a!.. IIoAoacAHTe, a HAy cb BaMH. 

OH'b CA^Jiaji-b eme H-fecKOJibKO saTancoK'b H3'b CBoeia Tpy6KH, 



^TO BOTB HCTHHA. 67 

nocTaBHJit ee Bt yrojit cb bhahmoU neoxoTofi, naxjioOyHHJi'B 
Ha ceOa TQMHyK) BofijiOHHyH) mjiany, BsaJi'B BHTyi) luieHOByH) 
najiKy, CToaBniyio y ABepn, h nponycTZJi'b roTxojibAa Hepe3i> 
noporb. Bt KoppHAopi, npH CBtii KepocHHOBofi jiaMno^KH, 

OffB HBCJI'feAOBajI'B COAepHCHMOe CBOHXt KapMaHOBt. 

— Bori* BHaerB hto, — ^Bopnajn) ohb, — a coBepmeHHo bh- 
Tpncb cBoft KomeJieK'Bl Orb PerHHH HH^ero ne nojiynHinb 
ceroAHH. Kaccti ccyA'b saKpHTH, saafiMH MH'b hhkto ne AacTB... 
HocjiyinaflTe, TOBapnin.'b, He MOHceTe jih bh noMOHb Mffb bI) 
HywcA*? H Bcero-To Hy^tHO Tpn HecnacTHHX'b MapKH! BipoaTHO, 
bh noJiy^HTe hxi> KorAa-HH6yAb ofipaTHO. Ho 6eBi> M'feAHaro rpoma 
MH* HeBOBMomHo noKasaTboa lyAa. Mh* cthaho 6yAeTB cmo- 
TpiTb BB rjiaaa jhoahbib. 

ToTxojibA'b BHHyjTb cBoe nopTMOHe H npoTaHyjiB eny. Ho 
nacTopTb CpocHJi'b HcnyraHHBift BsrjiaA'b bb CTopony KyxHH h, 

CXBaTHBI> UOpTMOHe, BCC BpeMfi AepHtaJIB erO OfitHMH pyKaMH, 

noKa OHH cnyoKaJiHCb no Ji'feCTHHnii. 

— PaAH caMoro He6a, nycTb hhkto He BHAHTb, Aoporofi co- 
6parb! Hna'ie Bacb BOBbMyrb noAi* oneKy. /l^aBaTb MHt BBafiMH- 
HJioxoe A'feJio. Hirb, H'trb, Cojibme naTH MapoK-b... ny, AecaTH... 
a He BOBbMy. y iiena ne ociaHeTCH hh rpoma... TaKTb!.. Bnaro- 
Aapio. H, KSiKh CKaaano: npeacA© Bcero... ecjiH TOJibKo He 3a6yAy 
h He 6yAy HM'feTb Coji'be nacToaTejibHHX'b aojifobb,.. 

roTxcjibAB CA'feJiaji'b pyKOH) oTpHqaxeJibHua acecrb h cnpa- 
Taji'B KomejieKB. 

— Bh He AOJimHH, BnpoqoM'b, AyMaTb, — npoAOJiacajii^ FaAe- 
Cyni'b, 6HCTpo maraa paAOMB cii FoixoabAOMB, — hto aceHiii;HHa, 
Kb KOTopofl a HAy, acAerb AenerB hjih npocHTB hxb. H-fexB, 8Ta 
He TaKaa, h^tb! Ona ateJiaeTb coBchwb Apyroro. Ho PerHHa npana: 
a — He AOKTop'b... Il^apb He6ecHHli, KaKaa CiAHocTbl H KaKi) ona 
CTpaAaeTb!.. Cepj,eiHtie npnnaAKH otb nepeyTOMaenia h Ayuies- 
HNXB CTpaAanifl. 0, Boa«e! Boace! Kanaa Ta^eaaa o6a3aHHocTb — 
acHBHb!.. HnorAa coBctM'b ne TaK-b aerKO, KaKi) Kaacerca, co- 
xpaHHTb fioApoe HacTpoenie Ayxa. 

Ohi* yKaaaaB na pasBaannH rpoMaAHOit, cpeAHeBiKOBOfl 
6aniHH, pacnoaomgHHoft bb KOHE['b nepeyana h Bxo;iiiBniel!, 
KaKB HacTb nocTpoliKH, BB nepoAHJOK) cT'feHy BHCOKaro paspy- 
meHHaro CTpoeHia. MoatHO 6Hao eme acHO BHA'feTb ayOt^u Camnn 
H oTBepcTia oKomeKB. 

— ^HoaaAH 6aniHH", KaKB ohh nasHBaiorb 9to MtcTo, — Ha- 
CToan;ee acnanme pado^nxB, — CKaaaaB ohb: — Bamna yA^aibaa 
en^e orb Ttx'b speMeHB, KorAa bohah h repMaHii;H TacKaan 
BAicb Apyr^ Apyra sa Boaocti, kohc^ho, Toace HSB-aa peaarioa- 
HuxB BonpocoB'b, HOKa, HaKOHei^'b, xpHCTiancKifl Bott> ne oKa- 
aaaca eoa-fee cnabHHM'b. Hto 3a rpyAa CTpaAaniii cKonnaacb bb 
^THx-b sanyiaHHHX'b nepeyaKaxB, xoAax^b, ABopax'b!.. — Ohb 

5* 



68 P700K0B BOFATOTBO. 

npepBajii> cefin.— A... a! — BOKpHHajii> ohi>. — naTepT> Fere- 
Jiepi)! 

H3i> AOMa, kij KOTopoMy OHH npH6jiH?KajiHCb, JierKoft aoxoa- 
Koli BHinjia nocntniHO TeMHaa, Tomaa (|)Hrypa h, corHyBmncb, 
HaMtpeBajiacb oCorHyTb yroJii> yjumH. KpHRt FaAeSyma no- 
HeBOJii 3acTaBHjii> ee ocTanoBHTbCH h ofiepnyTbCH Kh nacTopy. 
FoTxojibA'b TOTHacb Hce yanaji'b bx (|)Hryp'fe KaTojinnecKaro 
naTepa, KOToparo owb neAaBHo BHA'feJi'b BHxoAHBuiHM'b h3i> AOMa 
MetoepTa. Ohi* noKaaajica eny TOJibKo eme Cojrfee xyAtiM'b h 
CBOHMH ManepaMH BHpaacaji'b eiu,e 6oJibme CMHpema h yrne- 
TeHHOcTH. Co nijianoli bi> pyKi, cb pacTepHHHOfl yjiH6Kofi na no- 
6jieKmHX'b ryGaxx, oH'b noAoniejii> ki* FaAeCymy cbohmh ne- 
TBepAHMH inaraMH. 

— Hy, KaK^b A'fe'Ha? KaK'b A't-ua?— BCKpH^ajn) nacTop-b. 
Haxep'b no^ajii) rrjie^aMH, CpocHBi) OHCTpHfl h HeyBtpeH- 

HHli BBrjiHA'b Ha FoTxojibAa. 

— IIjioxo, — cKaaaji'b oH'b CBOHM'b ne^ajibHHM'b, npepHBaio- 
mHMca rojiocoM'b. — OpeftJiefiH'b... ho bh ysFijume caMH... 

— IIo^eMy bh He ocTajiHCb Ha Bepxy? — cnpocHJi'b FaAe- 
Cym-b. 

— OpeflJieilH'b 5KAeT'b Bacb... K'b TOMy ^e h AyMaji-b... TaKi 
jiy^me... 

— Hy, Hy, r. Ferejiep'b!— cKaaaji-b FaAeOyunb h Ao6poAyniHO 
iioxjionajii) ero no njie^y. 

— ^a, TaK'b jiy^me... jiy^nie, — npo5op:iCTaj!'b oh-b. — H a ne 
xo^y Bacb Cojibme saAep^KHBaxb... ^^Opbia Be^epi*! — OH'b 
cA'bJiaji'b FoTXOJibAy neyKJiiomifi noKJioH'b h OucTpo ymeji'b, 

TO^HO ofipaTHJlCH Bl) C'hVCTBO. 

FaAeOym'b CMOxpiji'b OMy bcji'6ai>, Kanan rojioBoft. 

— Hec^acTHHii ^ejioBtK'b! — cKasaji'b OH'b " KaK'b 6h npo 
ce6H. — H TaKofi Ao6pHfl[I CjiHuiKOM'b MflFKoe A^peBO. IfH^ero 
H3'b Hero He BHcipuraemb. 

— H.TO o6iij,aro y Bacb cb 9THM'b npeAciaBHTejieM'b Apyrofit 
pejinriH, MHoroyBamaeMHM T0BapHii;'b? — cnpocHji'b FoixojibA'b. — 
K'b cBoeMy HByMJieHiro, h BHmy, too h bh, KaKi> nacTopi> Meft- 
nepx-b, o^eHb... xepnHMH. 

FajieGyni'b 6pocHJi'b na FoxxojibAa ocoCenno npeneCpesKH- 

XeJlbHHft BBrJIHA'b. 

— B'b CBoefl oxKpoBeHHOft Sec'bA'fe c'b BaMH h He ocxa- 

EHJIl., MH'fe KameXCH, no aXOMy nOBOAy HHKaKHXb COMH'feHifi, 

xoBapHm'b... A ^xo KacaexcH xepnHMOCxa Moero Ao6paro Mh- 
xa9JiH Meanepxa... oC-b axoM'b B'b Apyroft pas-b. Tenepb MH-b 
HysKHo HAXH HaBepx-b... 9roro „npeACxaBHxejiH Apyrofi pejiHria**, 
yBamaeMHft co6parb, si Hay^HJiCH noHHMaxb y nocxejiH Cojib- 
Horo H Hay^Hjica JiioOnxb no AfeJiaMb MHJiocep;ti«; naM-b o6oHM'b, 
KaK'b H MHorHM'b ApyrHii'b npoxecxanxaM'b, OH'b M05KexT> cjiy- 



^TO BGTB HOTHHA. 69 

mwih ofipasuoM'b ^e-uoBt^Hocrn, — ystpaK) Bact. KcTaxH, keto- 
JiH^ecKie CBHmeHHHKH TaK«e y6■feHcz^eHM, hto HCKJiiDi:HTejibHO 
BjiSLjxhsoTh HCTHHoft... O'^eHb cjiosRRRsi BQUih, yBaHtaeMUtt TOBa- 
pHm^!.. He cjitAyerb tojibko lepaTb H3i>-3a aioro 6o;^pocTH 
Ayxa... CnoKOfiHoft hohh!.. 

H owh ymejii) CojibiUHMH maraiiH. 

FoTXojibA'b noBepeyjiT* aomoK. Ho yjiHu;* TaeyjiHCb TOJinH 
Jifojie^, BoaBpamaBinHxca cb BocKpecHHX'b nporyjioK'b. Bcb nuiH 
(yh BeceJiKMH jim^aMK, coxpaHHBniHMs eii;e 0T6jiecK'b ;^HeB- 
Horo cojiBi^a, a^^uhhum^ p^AaMH, MHorie noffh pyKy, cb pas- 
roBopaMH H n'^CHAMH. HtKOTopue HecJiH Ha pynaxii coa- 
ii^Hx-b zrbTefi. TaMi* H CHMi), y ABepeH ^oMOB'b ctoajih napH — 
Aep^ajiHCb 3a pyRH h menTajiHCb. Bi) yjiHi^axi? saM'b^ajiocb 
TaHHCTBeHHoe BeceHHee jiBvimeme. B^ thxomx BosAyxt pacnpo- 
crpaHajiocb 6jiaroyxaHie. 

BHA'b FoTxojibAa ociaBajica Mpa^HHM'b. HyBCXBO OAHHO^e- 
CTsa AaBHJio ero. B-b KaKyio 6opb6y, B'b KaKoK OMyirb coMHtma 
xoTaTb BA'bcb BTOJiKHyib ero! H ta* tot^, cb K'hwb owh na- 
MtpeBajica hath iiJie^o Kb njie^iy? OH'b nosa^aji'b roJioBoio 
ci> ropbKHM'b paao^apOBaflieM'b. 

^B'feAb B03M0mHa TOJIbKO OAHa HCTHHa, — AyMaJTb OH'b, — 

H axa HCTHHa — ^Incycb XpncTocb, eAHHopoAHnfii Chhi* Boaciia... 

TaK'b 6yAb ,Th MOHM'b CnyTHHKOM'b, — MOJIHJICH OH'b B'b TH- 
niHHt, — MOHM'b pyKOBOAHTBJieM'b, MOHM'b COpaTHHKOM'b, MOHM'b 

yrbmeHieM'b h Moett chjioK, Fochoah Borne Mofii!* 



yi. 

— SA^cb acHBerb r. Kypxi* BejibMaHH'b? — cnpocHJi'b Fut- 
xojibA'b BTopnqHo y cxapofl 8ejieHiii;Hiiibi, yBHA'bB'b ee Ha Bepx- 
nea CTyneHbK'b noABaJibnaro aTama; CTapyxa CH/i'feJia, CKop^HB- 
mHCb HaA'b CBOHMH KopBHHaMH cT> cejibAopeeM'b, neTpyniKoa 
H KapTO(|)eJieMb. — Mh* yKaaajiH Ha axoTb AOM-b. 

Ofla ObiJia rjiyxa. HojioacHB'b B'b cTopony cfepHft ^yjioKi*, ona 
BcraJia h npncTaBHJia pyny K-b yxy. 

— ^TO BH CKaaajiH? EcTb jih y mchh 6'fejibifi Kapxo^eJib? — 
cnpocHJia oHa, fieaiioMomHo tjihah Ha Hero cbohmh MyxHHMH 
rjiasaMH. 

OH'b noBiopHJi-b CBotl Bonpocb B'b xpexift pas'b coBcfeM'b y 
ea yxa. HaKOHCi^'b, oaa pascjimnajia, hxo cMy nymeo, h ch 6oJib- 
HiHM'b HByMJiemeM'b nsMtpHJia ero, ch tojiobh ;io nor'b, Bonpo- 
CHxeJibHHM'b BsraaAOM'b. 

— BejibMaHH'b? — noBxopHJia ona. — Bh, Bipno, cnpaniHBaexe 
ApyroM'b BejibMaHH^. SA'bcb mHBeT'b KpacHHft BejibMaHH'bj 
cojuiaaHCTX. 



70 PyOOROl BOrATOTBO. 

— CoBepmeHHO Btpao; ero-To a h amy. Bt* KaKOirb axaMci 
OH'b aKHBeTt? 

— Bo BTopoMt; TOJibKO ero HtrB AOMa. CoficTBeHHO, owb 
HHKor^a He 6nBaeTi> AOMa bi>3to BpeMJi; owb oOHKHOBeHHo na 
ApiycCepr'fe hpohbhochtb oboh pt^H. — Ona noKasaJia no na- 
npaBjiemro k'b hobo^ jiroxepaHCKOft i^epKBH. 

— A. BH TOJKe coiiiiajiHCTKa? — cnpocHJrb Fotxojiba'b. 

— H? — CTapyxa MaxHyjia CBoeli HCKpHBJieHHOfi pyKoli, Hcne- 
mpeHHOfi ^epHHMH CopoBjotaMH. — HafiaBH Bori>! Ci) 8Thmi> hobo- 

MOJ^HHM'B TOBapOMt Mfli He^erO A^bJiaTb. 9tO — OT^ MOJIO- 

ffbiTb. Ohh 3a Hero cToarb. Moh fl'feTit Tome. Hto noA'fcJiaemb? 
JSfl, a MHororo h He cjiHmy, hto ohh roBoparb. H MHoro Tepaio 
ox CBoeli rjiyxoTofl h CoJibme AoraAHBarocb. Ho o tomi., hto 
cjiHmy, MHoro AyMaro, h KaateTca— Bce A^ficTBHTeJibHO Morjio 
6h 6HTb xopomo... ho, kohb^ho, TaK-b HHKorAa He CyAerb. 

— IIoHeMy me bh TaK'b jiynaeTe? 

— IIoTOMy, HTo Bi> caMoa HaTypt neJioBtKa chahti* bjio. 
TaK'b HanHcano s'b Bn6jiiH, h bto Btpno. 

— Mena o'lenb paAyeTi>, ^to bh Aepacnrecb CBani;eHHaro 
nHcania. Ob HHM'b oahmmi* momcho npoacHTb bck) acHBHb. Ho 
6oH)Cb, B-b btomtj KBapiaji'fe onoHb HeMHorie TaK'b nocTynarorb. 

CTapyxa saAyMHHBO cKJiOHHJia rojioBy. SaTtM^, ocMOTp-feB-b 
ero CBOHMH MHraromHMH rjiaaaMH, cnpocHJia, UHTaacb yjnaC- 
HyTbca: 

— Bh— He. HOBHfi jiH nacTop'b? 

— Ha. 

— BjiaroAapio aa necTb, r. nacTop-b, — OTB-feTHJia ona, npn- 
cbAaa. — nponoBiAH Bamefi ne cjiHxajia, Aa h Boo6iii;e Tenepb 
He Mory cjiHmaTb. Mnt naAO roBopHTb npaMo B'b ymH. 

— ^ 6yAy HacTo npnxoAHTb K'b BaM'b h roBopHTb o Bor'fe, 

eCJIH BH XOTHTe. fl HMeHHO JI^JISI BTOTO SJlfhCh. 

— HyBCTBHTeJibHo fijiaroAapro Bacb. JIfly 9To 6hjio 6h xo- 
pomo. Ho BHAHTe JiH, r. nacTop-b, a xo^y, hto6h B'b AOM-fe y 
Mena 6Hjrb Mnpi), h Ay^aio, hto cb Mena AocTaTOHHO KajKAoe 
BocKpeceHbe HHTaTb CBoia MOJiHTeeHHHK'b: MHaocepAHli Bori* 

aa^TOTI) MH'h H 9T0- B'b HOCJltAHitt Hacb. 

FoTxojibA'b HaxMypHjica. 

— Bh CoHTecb, ^to cjiobo Bome BHeceT'b Bpa«Ay B'b Baniy 
ceMbH)... Opay... 

— SayTop'b... 9MHJiia BayTep-b K'b BaniHMi) ycjiyraM'b, r. 
nacTop'b... BHAHTe jih, roBopHTb oto, koho^ho, rpiniHo. Ho a 
CKaaty BaM'b: moh a'^th acHByT'b BM'fecT'fe co mhojo, h y Bcbx'b 
y HHX'b CBoa HOBOMOAHaa pejinria,.. Bo^el ne xoHOTca B'fenb h 

HX'b 06H5KaTb. OhM OCTaBJISIOT'b MBHa B'b HOKOi, a H — HX'b. Ccop'b 

y nacx ne 6HBaeTT>, Aa h ne HS'b-Ba nero. CorjiacHTecb, ^ro 
ecjiH r. BeJibMaHH'b jxjia HHX'b npopoK'b h 6HBaeT'b B'b moom'B 



HTO BOTIi HOTHHA. 71 

Tiowk, TO He Mory ace si npHHHMaTb y ce6fl nacTopa, paa-B hbi 
3a 9Toro MomeTi> bhAth HCTopia. He cep^HTecb, r. nacTop-b! 
IIoKOH xoHeTCH npeacA© Bcero. 9to HyacHo npHHHTb bo bhh- 
Manie. MHJiocepAHtt Borb sHaerb, aji^ ^ero Bce 8to Hy«Ho, 
HHane On-b, HastpHo, ne ;^o^ycTIIJrb 6h paaHofl stpH. 

FoTxojibA'b yAepacajiCH ox-b pisKHx-b cjiobt>, roTOBHX'b co- 
pBaTbCH y Hero ciy ^3HKa. 

— ToTOa npHxoAHTe ko mh*, — CKaaaji-b ohi*. — Mh noroBO- 
pHifb crapoM'b, Bt^HO acHBOM'b Bort. 

Crapyxa sa^yMaJiacb. 

— HHa^e, KaK'b B'b BOCKpeceHbe nocjit oCiAa? « ne Mory 
ocraBHTb CBoeft JiaBKH, r. nacTop'b. y A'feTett cboh A^jia; xo- 
HBTca H Mfffe ^T0-HH6yAb A*JiaTb, HOKa 3;iopoBa. HeJib3a, hto6h 

OHH ROpMHJIH MeHH. JIfl, aWh H He AO TOFO. BEJIbFeJIbMli, BH- 

AHxe jiH... oflHaKO, H H xaK'b jme nafiojiTajia naicb i^tjiyio Ky^y, 
r. nacTop'b : BaM-b, naB-fepHO, naAotjio. 

— HtTb, Htrb. IIpoAOJiacaflTel H oxotho cnymaio Bacb. 
KaK'b AyxoBHHfi nacTHpb, h jifiJisnewh anaib 060 Bcfex'b npHxo- 
^caH axjD • 

— Ax'b, Borb MOfl, ecjiH 6h A'^iiCTBHrejibHO bh mofjih! Ho 
eABa JIH MHorie aaxoTHTb HM^Tb c^b BaMH AtJio? Tenepb B^Ab 
coBC'feM'b He TO, HTo npescAe. HnKaide nacxopH, hh i^epKBH 
fiojibme He nyjKHH. fl HHHero ne Mory noHHTb, Moa rojiona 
cjiHmKOM'b cxapa a«m 9Toro. Cynty no Moeny BnjibrejibMy; OH'b 
roBopHTb, HTo nponoB'feAH r. BejibManna Bb THcany paa-b Jiy^me 
nacTopcKHX'b: nam-b 6paT'b HX'b nonHMaeTi*, h bco TaKi* acHO, 
xoTb 6epH pyKaMH. He oCHataftxecb, r. nacTop'b, a b'j^ab cnpocra 
6ojiTSJD. Mofi BHJibreJibM'b, snaeTe jih, Hec^acxHtflmift hojio- 
fSkij. EMy MamHHoli OTopnajio pyny h Hory. Koe-KaK'b ero 
onaxb cmHJiH, HO OH'b BceTaKH noJiy-HOJiOB'feK'b nocji-fe Toro, 
^To nepeacHJi'b. OH'b hohth ho noKasHBaeTca B'b jik)ah; CHAHTb 
ce6'b, BaBepnyBniHCb B'b Oojibmot!, ^epntifi nJiaTOK'b, h npnnex'b 
nojiOBHHy CBoero TyjioBHma, ^ttoOh hhkto ho nyrajica... BnA'b, 
H npaBAa, CTpamHHfl: TaK'b oHb HCKaji'fe^eHi*! — Ona BHTopjia 
rjiaaa jiaAOHbio. 

— OneHb nenajibHO, — CKaaaJTb FoTxoJibA'B. — Ho ne naAO 
8a6HBaTb, HTO xaKoe cxpamnoe necqacTie npnCjinacaerb ero K'b 
Bory. 

CTapyxa Mpa^no noKanajia rojioBoia. 

— 0! B'hTh, whTb] r. nacTop'b. CoBepmenHO naofiopox'b. He- 
cnacTie TaK'b o3jio6hjio ero h npHBOJio B'b TaKoe oT^anme, hto 
OH'b roBopHTb: „ecjiH 6u cyn];ecTBOBaji'b MHJiocepAHfi Bor'b n 
JiroCHJTb nacb, OH'b ne Morb (5h AonycTHTb aToro". Offb yacb 
OHJi-b oOpy^eH'B, nojiynaji'b xopomee atajiOBanbe, fitiJi'b acHsne- 

paAOCXHHM'b, C^aCTJIHBHM'b ^OJIOB'feKOM'b; cKopo AOJIMCHa fiuJia 



72 PyOGKOB BOPATOTBO. 

cocTOHTbca caaflbCa. A lyrt oahhm'b y;^apoM•B... — Ona Cesno- 
MOii],HO noacajia njie^aMH. — Bee kohhcho. 

— Ho (|)a6pHKa Aojiacea BoanarpaAHTb ero. IIo Kpateeft: 

Mtpi, OH'b He AOJiateH'b HCnHTHBaTb HHKaKHX'b JTHmeHili. 

— KaK'b 6h He TaKt: cuny OTBtTHJiH, hto ero nejibsa ^o;^- 
BecTH no^'b saKOH'b HecHBCTHHX'b cjiynaaxij, noTOMy hto 
BHJibreJibM'b finji'b BHnHBmn; 6yflb HHa^e — nec^acTbH ho mofjio 
6h flaHce cJiysiHTbCH. Ho 9ro nenpasAa. Moli BnjibreJibM'b na- 
KanyH'h BeHepoMi) CtiJi'b A'bttcTBHTejibHO naBecejit, noTOMy ^to 
ero 0CB060AHJIH oTb BoeHHofi cjiy»c6H: y Hero KpHBoft najieu'b 
Ha Hort. tJaBOA'b cb HHM'b cyAHJicfl, M BnjibreJibM'b coBciM'b 
oBJiHJic^: B'bAb 6oraTMe jiioah MoryT'b hath AaJi^KO... HaKonen'B, 
OHH noMHpHJiHCb. HpH BTOMT), KOHe^Ho, RHJibrejibMy nepenajio 
HeMHoro H, ecjiH 6h OH'b He naynHJica, CBoeft eAHHCTBeHHOfl 
pyKOft, njiecTH KopsHHKH, — BOTT) ^yAo! — TO OH'b MOFb 6h yne- 
peTb ci» roJioAa. BHBaeTt, Bupo^OM-b, h Tenepb 6jih8K0 Kb xoMy... 
Hy, Bcfe 9TH CiACTBia oneHb oatecTOHHJin BHJibreJibMa, rbM'b^ 
6oji'fee, ^To Mime OH'b CHjibHo Jiio6HJi'b h bot'b... jubl, a xorfeJia. 
CKaaaTb a^ saCujia: r. BejibMann'b noAAep5Kajii> ero h caiJiajrb 
coBepmeHHO ApyrHM'b ^ejiOB^KOM-b. Hto npaBAa,— to npasAa. 
C^b TixT) nop-b, KaK'b BnjibreJibM'b CTaji'b coqiajiHCTOM'b h ko- 
EHJiaeTi) K'b r. BeabManny, CBoeMy y^HTejiio, OH'b coBepmeHHo 
npHMHpHjica CO CBOHM'b HOJiojKeHieM'b. „MaTymKa, ero y^enie 
cnpaBeAaHBO, — roBopHT^b OH'b, — oho Aaerb ycnoKoenie, h a 
BHaio, HTO 6yAeTi» ay^me sawnh Ha cB'bTi. 9Toro He CKaaaa'b 
MH-fe ein;e hh oAHH'b nacTop-b. T'b BcerAa o6HaAe5KHBaH)Ti> ne- 
CecHHM'b CaaHtencTBOM'b. Ho hhkto ne yTtmaeica, h hh OAHH'b 
HeaoB'feK'b He sHaeTi), 6yAerb an A'fe^cTBHTeabHo 3to 6aa- 
acencTBO. He cepAHTecb r. nacTopi*: bto Mofi ctiH'b TaK'b roBO- 
pHTb. a He oTB-fe^aio HH ^A^", HH „H'feT'b": OH'b me ^yBCTByerb 
ce6a MHoro ay^me OT'b aiHX'b pasroBopoB-b, ohh AocxaBaaioT'b eMy 
yAOBoabCTBie, CtAHari. FocnoAH, npocTH MH'fe moh nperp'feineHiar 

Ona caomnaa pyKH na rpyAH. FoTXcabAi^ npncTaabHO cmo- 
Tp'ba'b BnepeAi)- Ho ero nenoABHacHOMy aniiiy nejibsa (5Hao npo- 
^ecTb ero MHcaeft. Hepea-b MHHyTy OH'b cnpocna'b: 

— y Bac-b ecTb eme a pyrin a'^th? 

— KoHe^Ho, — oTB'feTHaa CTapyxa. — EcTb eme FepxpyAa, ca- 
Maa cTapinaa. C'b T'bx'b uop'b, KaK'b ona oBAOB'feaa, ona 6epeT'b 
A^TeK Ha BocnHxanie. BoT'b Toace peMecao: TpyAa h aaOoT^b 
MHoro, a noab3H Maao! Ho a«^^ nea 8to caiaoe npiaTHoe Banaiie, 
noTOMy HTo ea coOcTBenHHa a'^th Bcfe — na noroci'fe. EcTb MHoro 
saHX'b a?.eHm;HH'b, yMtimaeHHO cnpoBaacHBaioiiJiHX'b CBOHX'b hh- 
TOMUieBTj B-b Mornay, h ecTb poAHiean, aceaaiomie H36aBHTbca 
OT'b AtTeft Han no OtAHOCTH, nan OT'b CTHAa npeA'b cB-feTOM-b. 
Moefl TpyA'fe BcerAa acaab A'feTefi, h ona Ceperb 3THX'b Kosa- 
BOK'b Hyxb He AapoM'b, — MHornx'b Aa^Ke 8a mecTb MapoK'b B'b Mi- 



^0 BCTL HGTHHA. 73^ 

cai^'b, ecjfH sHaeTb, hto MaTb nacTOJiBKO 6'hjiEdL, ^ro fiojibme 
njiaTHTb He Momerb, KoseHHo, Tpy^a ne btj CHJiaxi cnaoxH 
Bcfex-B j^tTea, yMHpaerb hxt* Bce «e o^enb mhofo: Bcero, hto 
HyacHO BTHMi) GiflHaacKaM'L, AftTb Hejibaa. H kto sHaerb, mo- 
acerb Ctixb, kt? jiy^meMy V Ha cB'trfe TaKi* mhofo jiioAefi h OoJib- 
niHHCTBo nTb o^eflb HecnacTHo. MnjiocepAHfi Borb Bnaerb, hto 
fltjiaeTb. 

FjiyfioKitt BSflox'b BBipBaJica hs^ rpy^H FoTXCJibAa; tohho 
owb xoTfejn* ^TO-TO crpHXHyTb cb ce6a. 

— H Bcfe OHH acHByrb Tyrb BHH3y, B^b noABajit? — cnpo- 

CHJI'b OWh. 

— JSfikj Aa, — oTBtTHJia cTapyxa. — TaMTE> HXi^ MHoro. Jleea 
Toate TaM^b, Moa Apyraa AOHb. Ona xoAHrb rjianHTb. Ci) Hei> 
sue &a MajieHbRit! Jlac^, JiioOHMeii;!) BHJibreJibMa. OhI), jx^hUCTsn- 
TejDbHo, npeJiecTHHit MaJibHyrae-b. Mofl BnjibrejibM'b roBopHT-b: 
,H3'b Hero BHftAerb h^hto Kpynnoe, oh'b noMoacex'b 8T0My npo- 
KjiHTOMy cBtiy nepeBepnyTbCH**. 8to cuwh roBopHTb. 

— KaK'b, BH CKaaajiH, BOByrb Majib^HKa? 

— Jlacb. Bhahtc, KaK'b 9to bhiejio: poAHxejiH, bo ^to 6h 
TO HH CTajio, xorfeJiH sanHcaxb ero „JIaccajieM'b". Ho ^hhob- 
HHRi) Bb paTymt He corjiacHJica: bhaho, aanpemeno; nymno 
Chjio BHOpaTb xpHCxiaHCKoe hmji, xoia Mofl BnjibrejibM'b roBo- 
pmrb, HTo po^HTOJiH Moryrb HaaBaxb CBoero peCenKa, KaK'b 
yroAHO, a ecjiH ne pasp-femaiorb— anaHHTb rocyAapcTBo coBctirb 
He i^HBHjinaoBaHHoe, Ei^T-h B'b ue^i-b HHRaKoli rpa^KAaHCKOi^ cbo- 
6oah: Bce no;i'b oneKofl nojiHi];iH. SanncajiH ohh ero raHcoM-b 
BayiepoMii, a aoByrii BceiaKH JlaccajieM'b; a ^to6h He TaKT> 
AJiHHHO, TO npocTO ^Jlacb", H HHKTo HO BOBOTX ero HHa^e. 

— Bama BTopaa Ao^b — Toace BAOBa? — cnpocHJii) Tot- 

XOJIbA'b. 

Crapyxa noKanajia rojioBofi. 

— H'bTb, Ao CBanbCH a^jio ne Aomjio... Bor-b Moft, ^mo Tyrb 
noA^Jiaemb? TaKaa MojioAaii; i^tjiHtt AeHb y rjiaAHJibHofi aockh, 
Cb ropH^HM'b yTioroM'b, B'b BOHroHeM-b B03;iyx'fe, — h npHxoAHTCJi 

CMOTp'bTb CKB03b najibi^H. 

— Saa^^HTb, oOojibmeHHan? 

— Hy, 8Toro CKaaaTb Hejib3H. B'hjih bto BcerAa B3aHMH0, a 
AyMaK). H oH'b aeeHHjiCH 6u. na ne^, ecjiH 6u MoacHo 6hjio. Ho 
BHJiJiiKrcKie paCo^ie ne Moryrb acenHTbca ao Ttx'b nop-b, noKa 

He HaHHyTb 3apa60TBIBaTb AOCTaTOHHHX'b CpeACTB'b A«^H CeMbH. 

DoTOMy BcerAa laK'b h cjiyiaeTCH. Cij vhTb nop-b, KaK'b oH^b 
ymeJTb OTCioAa, o neM-b HH^ero ne H3B'fecTH0. MoaceTb Ohtb, 
Aaace rAi-HHfiyAb f atennjica... Hy, Aa Jlena a^bho Morjia 6h 
HM-feTb Apyroro, He CMOTpa na JIaca: ona xaKaa KpacHBaa h pa- 
6oTHiii;aa. Jlja Borb 3acTpHJi'b y nea BejibMaHH'b B'b roJioB'fe: oy- 
n^ee HaKasaHie Boaciel 



74 PyOOKOH BOrATOTBO. 

— H oHa TOHce comiaji'B-jieMOKpaTKa? 

— Eme 6h! H TpyAa Tome, xotb h eft roBopio Bcerj^a: ,to, 
HTO TH A'feJiaemB a«^h HecHacTHHXi> MajiroTOKt, th B'hjih ji'h- 
jiaemb h3x jiioObh kI) Bory, noTOMy hto b^b /lyni'fe th xopomaa 
xpHCTiaHKa, xoxa caMa odij aTOMi> He SHaenib**. Ho Bce ocTacTcn 
no npe^KHOMy: ohh ocTaBJiaroTb Mena bi> noKot ci> MoeK Btpoi^, 
a a He MtmaiD hm-b... .HeHa npeBoseocHT'B axoro BejibMaHHa 
npaMo Ao He6eci>, KaK-L CBaToro, h hh od-B o;^HOM'B ujm^iiwh 
B-B Mipt BHaTB Hc xoHeTB. IIpaBAa, He OAHa onaTaKaa, ho Bce 
me aro nec^acTBe. Ox-b! poahtcjih ne MoryrB HsCaBHTBca orB 

BafiOTB CBOHXI) A'bTaX'B, BX KaKOBiTB 6u. BOapaCTt OHH HH 
6hJIH... y5K'B XaKOBa 5KH3HB. 

roTXOJiBAi) oxoTHO pascnpocHji'B 6h ee eni;e o mhofomi*, ho 
npHHy^KAeH-B eHJi-B npoKpaTHTB paBroBop'B: cb Bepxnea ciy- 
neHBKH noABajia MyaccKO^ rojiocB cHnay cnpamnBajTB yate H-fe- 
CKoaBKo paa-B: 

— Cx K^M-B TH TaM-B OojiTaemb, MaMa? 

CjiHmajica h A'i^TCKi^ kphkT). Fotxojiba'b npoTanyjii* CTapyxt 

pyKy. 

— XpaHH BacyB Bop-b! He 3a6yABTe cjiob-b anocTOJia: „a ne 
CTHacycB EBanrejiia XpncTOBa**. EoMHHTe, ^rro paAOM-B cb Khm-b 

He A0JI3KH0 6hTB ApyrHX-B eorOBT). ByABTe SAOpOBH. JSfi CBH- 

Aania! 

Orapyxa npncijia h xoT-fejia noi^-fejioBaxb y nero pyny, ho 
OH'B He AaJi'B H, Apy^KecKH KHBHyB-B e^, ymejii*. Ohb noBep- 
Hyji^B B-B HanpaBjieHiH ktb ApTycCepry, oT^acTH hhcthhkthbho, 
noTOMy HTo 6ujrh ynipeH'B, hto na^A^T-B TRWb KypTa Bojib- 
Manna, oT^acTH hb-b aceaania ocxaTbca oAHOMy. 

Hto OHi* BA'fecB Aoaacen^B A'feJiaTB? BcerAa, nocjii nocfeme- 
Hia pa6oHaro KBapTajia, y nero anaaaocB ^yBCTBo yTOMHTeaB- 
Haro paBo^apoBania h neAOBoabCTBa. CeroAHa ero coBctM'B ne 
BnycTHaH k-b 9ToCt ^MroTi^eaBHif. MyacB 6Hjrh AOMa h, bhahmo, 
CHabHo HbaHTb; oh'b cb rpy6ofl[ HacMiniKOfl: yKaaajHj eny na 
Asepb: mewh ero 6yAT0 6h A'bJiaeica xyate, KorAa FoTXoabA'B 
npHxoAHTB H MoaHTca BM^cTi CB Hoft; 9T0 cuabHo BoaHyeTB 
ee; Boo6iu;e cb TtxTb nopx, KaKi) btotb hoh'b npo6paaca k-b 
HoK, OHa To^Ho coniaa cb yna. Oahofo HOAOCTaBaao, ^ttoOh aTOTB 
„JlK)Ae" XBaTHa-B FoTxoabAa KyaaKOM-b h BHToanaa-b na aicT- 
HHi^y. OhI) h CAtaaa-B 6h 9to, ecan 6h ho i^nproaBHHK-B Be- 
AOBi), noBBaHHHa Ha HOMouiib Kh HanyraHHoft btoK oTBpaTHxeab- 
Hofi cii;eHof! MHD[e. K^h c^acTbro, on-b aBHaca bo BpeMa h ycno- 
KOHa-B Oyana. FoixoabA^, ne BHaBmiii CTpaxa, ne ycTynHa-b 6h 
eiiy AoCpoBoabHo, ho Mni^e ynoaaaa ero yftTH h mennyaa, ^to 
Han npHAeTB caMa, KaH cooCuxwr-h, Kor^a JIka© j^Ji^erb is. bob- 
Ayxx HtcKoaBKO oHHCTHTca; MoaceTi> 6htb, Aaate saBTpa. II^h- 
proaBEHK-B Toace ofipaTHai* ero BHHMame na to, hto oh-b 6yAe'rB 



qTO BOTL HOTHHA. 75 

'BHHOBarB B'B HapyoieHiH ceMeftearo MHpa, ecjiH ne ytijifivh cefl- 
^acB sue: bthm'b myTHTb Hejiban! KaKoK ct!Hjs,i> h 'yHRHtcHie! 
Buy He^iMx ja;a5Ke yrfeniHTB cefia. Oh-b CTpaAaexB, KOHe^Ho, bo 

HMH XpHCTa, H n030pi>, BSflTHK HM^B Ha Ce6jJ, HH'ITO BB CpaB- 

HeHiH CB T^MB, KaKol! npHHfljiB Ha ce6a CaMB FocnoAB bb 
odpaai -qeJioBtKa, h He noaop'B >KateTB ero flymy, a cosHame 
(JesirfejiBHocTH ero jifkjrb h HeeoaMOHCHOCTH BJiiama. 

Ohb samejiB kl inBet HpnTi^Ke, HCHBnie^ bb tomb ace aom* 
H c^HTaBmeftcfl pejinriosHOft. Ona yate HtcKojiBKO pasB-ocTa- 
HaBJiHBajia ero na yjiHi^-fe, npoca cA'feJiaTB h eft HeCTB nocfeTHXB 
ee: BinB ohb CHsaeTB y BcfexB TpyAamHxca h Hec^acTHHXB. 

npHTUKe 6HJia cyxan, ocTpoHocafl h Kocorjiaaan CTapan Atsa. 
Ha FoTXOJibAa ona npoHBBejia Bne^ara'bHie jiHi^eMtpKH, yMtro- 
n^eft CKpHBaTB CBoe cTpaniHoe JirofionHTCTBo, jidSobb kb cnjieT- 
HflMB H BJiopaACTBO. Ho oHa TaKB oxoTHo A^Bajia eiiy CB^At- 
ma 060 BceMx, ^to ohb cnpamnBajiB, cb laKHMB TporaiejiB- 

HKH-B COqyBCTBieMB OTHOCHJiaCB KB OrO HaMtpemHAIB, HTO OHB 
C^ejI'B HeBO3M05KHHMB OTTOJIKHyTB Oe. BCO, HTO OHB ySHaJIB, 

pHCOBajio 0Kpy3KaK)ni;ee B'B Coji-fee nenaJiBHOMB cB'bT'b, h^mb OMy 
KasajiocB paHbme. Ho ea cjioBaMB, Becb paOo^ft KBapiaji'B— Co- 
AOMi* H FoMoppa, H He6o no cnpaBeAJiHBOCTH yace a^bho aoji5Kho 
6h nocjiaTB croAa CMOJiHHOft h cfepHHft ao^cab. Eabq jih ecTB 
Ha cBtrb nopoKB, KOTopHft He naxoAHJiB Oh ceOi ba^cb cto- 

POHHHKOBB, rOTOBHXB eme XBaCTaTBCH nepOAB BCfeMB cb^tomb. 

Hh oahhb HeJioBtex He c^HiaeTB bto AypEHM-B, noTOMy hto, 

BB CyiAHOCTH, HHKTO He HCHBeTB JiyHHie. Bcfe 8TH MOJIOAHO 
JnOABC (yh 4)a6pHKB HMtlOTB CBOHXT) ^A^^BHUB", HM^IOTB TaiWKe 

H A'^Teft, HO aceHHTBCi AyMaiorB BecBMa neMHorie. PasBpaTB — 
He p'bAKocTB; h B'fe^HO HomB nycKaeTCH bb ji'hjiol Bb oco6eHHo- 

<5TH no BOCKpeceHBHMB BO^epOMB, KOFAa HOC Jit HOJiy^KH 5KaJI0- 

BaHi>5i, Bcb HanHBaioTCii. Bb bthxb KaCanax'B h TpaKTHpaxB A'h- 
jiaeTCH HtHTo yacacHoe!.. A Mai^e TeAeHB, hto atHserB bb hoa- 

BaJI'fe, bb CB^BH ho TOJIBKO CO CBOHMB BflTeM'B CB T^XB HOp^B, 

KaKT> aaOoji'fejia ero mena, — hjih KaKX ee TaMB nasHBaioTB, — ho 
BaHHMaeTCfl eme otkphto iiocthahhmb penecjioMB, ^'feMB noA- 
AepacHBaeTB CBoe xobh^ctbo. y Hea BcerAa ecTB jiHrnniH AGHBrn 
fla paBJiHHHHa CeBA'feJiyniKH h yKpainemH, kotophmh ona ceOn 
oOB'feniHBaerB. HeBHpaBHMan raAocTB! Bnpo^OMB, B'B ApyrnxB 
AOMax-B He jiynme. Bcfe SA'fecb ^KHByrb, KaK'b jibh^hhkh, 

KaK'B aCHBOTHHa. H BHOJIHt eCTOCTBeflHO, KOFAa H^TB HHKa- 

Kofi pejiHriH... Ha BonpocB FoTXOJibAa o Kypx'fe BejibMann'fe, 
UpHTi^Ke OTB'bTHJia CAepacaHH'fee. BorB Moft, hto o hcmb CKa- 
aceniB? ByHTOsiAHKB, coBpaTHTejib napoAa, onacHHn A^Maror-B, — 
BB STowb h^tb HHKaKoro coMH'feHiij. PaHO H,nH noBAHo, a yacB 
sacaAHTB ei'o bb HcnpasHTejibHHft aomb, 3to B'fepHo; bb TiopbM'b 
OHB yace cHAtJiB. Ho KorAa ero BHAHmb h cjibimHmb... OHa, ko- 



76 pyCOKOB BOrATCTBO 

HOHHO, HiiHero aTHMTb He xo^eTi) cKaaaxB B^b ero nojibsy, — to 
no^TH ciaflOBHTCH noHaTHHMTb, Ho^eMy Bcb JiiDjxn npeBpamaioTca^ 
noAi> ero BJiiaHieMij, bi* Heo6y3AaHHHX'i> noKJioHHHKOBTb... ;ia, 
8T0 coBepmeHHo noHHTHo!.. H IlpHiniKe BBAoxnyjia, KaKT> bjii)6- 
jieHHHfl noApocTOKi*. JI,ame AOKTop-b Jlepi h ^peWjieflHt xopo- 
maro MH'feHiH o Kyprfc BeJifcMaHHi. Jl^pyrie o hcmij roBopmrb 
xyAo: 6yATo oh^b nbeTi) h BpeMenaMH cl humI) 6HBaen> AaHte 
o^eeb cKBepHO. Sjiue asHKH OoJixaioTb, hto y eero OHJia ne- 
c^acTHaa JiioCoBb, noHeny Tenepb ohtj ne AonycKaex'b ki* ceC'fe 

HH 0!3H0fi[ ^eHlUHHH; XOTfl OHeHb MHOriH JlbHyTT) Kh HeMy. Bt- 

poaTHo, Bce — cnJieiHH. 

HaKOHen.'b, FoTXOJibA'b ocbo6oahjicji orb cjiobooxotjihboK co- 
eecfeAHHi^H, hto6h caMOMy noBHAa-Tb Kypia BejibManHa. IIo ao- 
porife KT) ero AOMy, CToaBmeM'b 6jiHace K'b (|)a6pHKaM'b, ohI) aa- 
meji'b eiu.e BTb Kofi KaiciH KBapTHpH, fa*, KaKij oH^b AyMajTb^ 
ecTb OoJibHHe H HyjKAaromieca Bt riOMomii. Ho no^TH Besjjfb 
OBCb BCTp'bHaji'L OAHO H T0-5Ke: OTT) Hero HHHero He xorfejiH 
npuHHMaTb, B-b ero yrfeineHiH hhkto He nyacAajiQa. HacTO eny 
rpyOo yKa3HBajiH na ABepb, hjih npHHHMajiH cMyiu.eHH0, neAo- 
B'fepHHBo, piBKO ofiHapymHBaa paso^apoBanie, eanH oh^b ne Aa- 
Baji-b Aenerij, a oOlimaji'b KaKyro-JinOo noA^epjKKy. To oH'b- 
BCTptnajiTb o3Jio6jieHie, HSA'tBarejibCTBo h yrposbi no aApecy 
(|)a6pHKaHT0B'b H 6oraTHX'b BooOtixe; to -Tynyro h rJiyOoKyro no- 
KopnocTb HJIH ptBKia CM^XT) paBHOAymHaro JierKOMHCJiia; o^enb 
P'bAKO — noKOfl H AOBOjibCTBo: OTOBciOAy Ha BCTp'fe^y eny necjiHCb 
5Kajio6H, CjiaroAapHOCTb cBHSHBajiacb Jinnib ct> HMenaMH aok- 
Topa H (|)pefiiJieflH'b; TOJibKO ki> nHMi) nnxajiH yBa^ceHie, tojibko- 
OHH HMtJiH SA^cb 3Ha^eHie. 3a hhmh cji'feAOBaji'b HeHaOtmno 
KypTb BejibMaHHT). KopMHTb oH^b HHKoro He Mor'b: y nero eABa 
XBaxajio Ha caMoro ce6a, ho B'b to, hto ohI) roBopHJiij, 9th 
JIH)AH BtpHJiH cjitno. FoTxojibAy cjiynajiocb BHA'bTb na jini^ax'B 

Ta^KO (50JIbHHXT>, HeCHaCTHHX'b H HBHOSKAOHHtlXTb paOonHXlj 

paAocTHyx) yjiHCKy, npn oAHOM-b ynoMHHamH ero HMenn. „0, 

OH'b! OHIj! EcJIH 6h BCfe JllOm 6HJIH TaKHMH, KaKI) OHTb, TOFAa 
MOatHO GhJIO ;6h ^KHTb, M05KH0 6hJI0 6u Tepn'feTb Ha aTOM'B 

cB'feT'fe. Hy, Aa npHAeT'b me KorAa-HH6yAb Bcefl nenpaBAt ko- 
Hei^Tb! BoraTHe aojijkhh TBepAo noMHHTb bto, a OH'b, nacTopi*, 
oOaaaHi) ci> ij;epKOBHOft KaeoApH roBopHTb HMTb, hto6h ohh ono- 
MHHJiHCb. BtAHflKH He Hy^AaiOTCfl B'b ero nponoB^AaxT)**. 

H BcerAa CKpHrne naMeKH na A^Hb cTpaniHoll pacnjiaTH! 
9to 6hjio CBoero pojia eBanrejiie, oTKyAa ohh, o6e3AOJieHHHe, 
^epnajiH yT'tmenie h 3a hto ixhujiajivich B'b cBoeft 6oji'fe3HH h 
Hy^KA'fe oxoTH'fee H ycepAH'fee, ^iM'b 3a KpecTTb HcKyaHTejiH. H 
TaKoe eBanreJiie nponoB'feAbiBaji'b HM'b Kypx-b BejibMaHH'b! KorAa 
FoTxojibA'b CTaneT'b jiHi^OM'b K'b JiHqy 01^ JiyHniHM'b ApyroM-b 

CBOea lOHOCTH, OH'b CHpOCHT'b y HerO, HTO OTBJieKJIO ero OTb 



qTO BCTk HOTHBA. 77 

HCKaHlH eAHHCTBCHHof! HCTHHH H eziHHCTBeHHaro nyTH cnace- 
Hifl, "^eMy OHH o6a nocBHm;ajiH Bct chjih cbohxi> lOHHX'b Ayni^! 
Ohi> npeABHAHTb, ^To cpeAH rfex^, Kb Kouy ero uocjiRjvb Foc- 
noAb, OHT> HH^ero He Bt cocTo^HiH 6yjieTh cA'feJiaTb Ecjih ohh 
He OyayTL xoahtb cjiymaTb ero nponoB'fenH, ecjiH ohh ne 6y- 
jxyTh nocfemaTb ycTpoeHHHXT> hmij pejiHriosHHXTb 6ec'hjiTy, ecjiH 
He Cyjiyvh nycKaxb ero b-b cboh AOMa, Kh noctejiHM'B Cojib- 
hiixi>,— KaKoe BJii^Hie MOHceT'b oHt OKaaaxb Ha hx-b saKOCH'fe- 
jiHa cepAi^a h saCjiyAmia ,iyniH? KypT^ BeJiBMann-B, HMtiomitt 
HaflT) HHMH BJTacTb, AOJiweH'b HOMOiB eMy. Ecjih oht> ooxpaHHJi'B 

CBOK) npeH«HH)Kl OTBHBHHBOCTB, OH-B CA'fejiaeTB 9X0 AaJKC H B'B 

TOM-B cjiy^a*, ecjiH eMy 6yjieT'h rposHTB onacHocTb yxpaTHTB 
CBoe BHa^eme h eAHHOBJiaciie. CoBepmeHHo oTnacTb OTh Bora 

OH'B, KOHCHHO, He MOP-B H HeCOMH^HHO COBAaCTX BOBMOmHOCTb 

TOBapnmy cBoeft iohocth nacaAHTb cpeAH neB'fepyiomHx'B cjiobo 
Bomie Aa^e h B'B tom^b cjiy^a'fe, ecJiH oht> casfb Ke co^yB- 
CTByeTB H He pa3A'feJi«eTT> ero bbfjihaob'b h ixhjieti. TorAa cA'b- 
;iiaeTCH BOSMomHOfl MCH^Ay HHMH H AyxoBHaa 6opB6a; TenepB me 
jxhjio KypTa npeACTaBJiaeTca jierKOf! nrpott, npH HOMTb npoTHB- 
HOft napilH He jxdL&rcn AajKe cjioBa. KaK^ aaxoT'fejiocb roixoJibAy 
3T0tt 6opb6h! Bwy Kasajiocb, 4T0 Bcfe TpenorH h coMHteiH, aa- 
meBejiHBmiacH bt> hcm'B ta'^-to rjiy6oKO, noAt Maccott naxjiH- 
HyBmHX'B npoTHBop'feHHBux'B Bne^iaTJitHifl, aaMOJiKHyrB h Hc^ea- 

HyTB B'B 5KapK0ft OopBCt 3a HCTHHy. 



yii. 

KorAa FoTxojiBA'B noAHajica na xejiMT) h cofinpajica no- 
BepnyTB ki^ ApTyc6epry, oh-b BApyr'B ycjibimaji'B sBOHKifli jafbT- 
€Kifl[ CM'fex'B, no6yAHBniitt ero HSM'bHHTb HanpaBJienie. 06hkho- 
BeHHO BA'bcb 6HBajio THxo, Kor;ia B'B nocji'bofi'feAeHHua Hac3> 
OH'B HCKaji'B TyTT) yeAHHenlH. Hanpano laHyjica BHJiJiHHrcKifl 
napK'B B'B CBoeMT> TopjKecTBeHHOM'B MOJiHanin; yAapn mojiotobb 

H CTyK'b Ha I^epKOBHOlt nOCTpOt!Kife 6hJIH eAHHCTBeHHHMH 0T3By- 
KaMH «H3HH BB 9T0ft THUIH HOJIOtt H JI'fecOB'b. FoTXOJIbA'B HpH- 

<5jih3hjich k'b onymK'b Ji'feca, h rjiaaaM-B ero npeACTaBHJiacB ^yA- 
Haa KapTHHa. I^'fejiaa To.iina A'feBo^eK'B ptsBHjiacB na BOjieHofi 
jiyjKatlK'b, MemAy pmaHiiMT> nojiOM'b h cepeCpHCTocfepHMH 6y- 
KaMH. Kp'ferjKO AepmacB 3a pyKw, onb laHuiOBajiH h n'fejiH. Coji- 

He^HUft CBtrB THCHHblO ApOH«aiU,HXB nHTeH'B npOHHKaJI'B CKB03b 

BepxyniKH CTapHXB ^^epeBbOB'B, ocB-tmaa Becejioe o6iii;ecTBO. 
FOTXOJIBA'B CB yjibi6K0li Ha6jiK)Aaji'B Tojiny h, tojibko MHHyTy 
cnycxa, BaM'bTHJi'B, hto BA^cb BecejiHJiHCb a'^th paGo^iHx-b. H'b- 
KOTopHa 6hjih eocHKOMT), B'B pa3opBaBHHX'B HJiH aanjiaiaHHHX'B 
HJiaTBaxT), HO 6jiecK% cojiHi^a h 6e33a6oTHaa BecejiocTB nrpaio- 



78 PyCOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

mflTb cKparaHBajiM Bcfe HeAocTaTKw. BcKopt oht> saM-feTHJit ch- 
AiBinyro bt^ cTopoH'fe, na AepnoBoft cKaMefiKt, uojx-h AepeswiMH^ 
T^tBymKy, BHHMaxejibHO CJI'b;^HBmyK) aa nrpoft. Ona rpoM- 
KHMH BosrjiacaMH pyKOBOAHJia A^ThMH H OAo6pHTejiLHO xjionajia 
B-B jiaAoniH. FoTXOJibA'b piiUHJit, ^TO oHa HaASHpaerb aa mo- 
jioAofl[ Tojinott no CBoelt oCflsaHHOCTH. IILjiJina ea jiemajia na 
TpaB'b, H cojiHeHHHfl cBtrb CB060AHO Hrpaji'b na ea bojiothcto- 
KaiHTaHOBHX'B BOJiocaxTb. KorAa FoTxoJibA'b paacMOip'feJi'b Ojinace 
rnOKyro, HcnojiHeHHyio npejiecTH (|)Hrypy bi, cBibTjiOM'b njiaxb'fe, 
BHA'feJi'HBinyrocji na TeMHO-aeJieHOM'b ^owk KapxHHH, oht> yaHaj!!* 
BTb Hen TeJibry JlepTb, aohb „cyMaoineAniaro*' AOKiopa, „(|)pen- 
jieflH'b*, KaK-b 3BajiH ee Bcb B'b pa6o^eM'b KBapfaji'fe. Uocjrh ko- 
poTKaro pasAyMbH, oHTb noAomejit Kb neti. h, noKJioHHBniHCb, 
CEflJii* mjiany. 

ToT^acb 5Ke, no ea ABH^emio, oh-b no^yBciBOBaji'b, hto aia 
BCTpina eft HenpiflTHa. Ho hokjioh'b en 6ujrh npHBtTJiHB'b, h th- 
xaa, cnoKoftnaa acHOCXb, oaapHBmaa TOHKia 'i^pxH h npoHH- 
KaBmaa Bce ea cymecTBo, ne noKHAajiH ea. KorAa oh-b cnpo- 
cHJi-b, He OHa JiH npHBOJia cioAa A'^Teft, ona oTB-feTHJia 
npocTo: 

— Jlfiy KOHe^HO. YAHBHTeJIbHO, KaKl* ropOACKHMl* A^TaMI^ 

caMHikfL He npHXOAHTb B'b roJiOBy HH^ero noAo6Haro. JJyMaH), 

HTO 60JIbmHHCTB0 BTHX^ MaJieHbRnXB JIIOAeft H He BHXOAHJIO 

aa npeA'feJiH pinnoro KBapxajia, noKa a He npHBejia hx'B' cH)Aa. 

SA^Cb OHH TOHHO yBHAtcHH BHepBHO CBtTB H 0Tb paAOCTH He^ 

anajiH, hto A^Jiaib. A xenepb Baxara pacxexi> cb KaacAHM'b pa- 
aoM-b, KaK-B xojibKO a HAy ryjiaxb. J],jia nnx-b axo HcxHHHoe yAO- 
BOjibcxBie. 

— Bea'b coMH'feHia, aanie A'feJio yroAHO Bory, (|)pef!jieflHi>, — 
CKaaaji-b FoTxoJibA'b. — J^ixeft BcerAa cjitAyex^ npiynaxb 6jia- 
roroBtxb nepeAB FocnoAOM-b nyxeM-B coaepi^ama ero XBopenifi. — 
Ofli* npHcxajibHo cMoxptji-b Ha nee, npoHanoca axH cjiOBa. 

„HeyatejiH ona ne noKpacH'feexi>?*' — AyMaji-b oH'b. HojiHi^oea 
He HaM-feHHJio cBoero BHpameHia. 

— a A'feJiaH) axo AJia CtAnHX-B AiTHmeKB, hxo6h AOcxaBHXB 
HM'B noGojibme paAOCxeft b'b ^KHaHH, r. nacxop-B, — cKaaajiaona, 
cnoKoftHO cjitA'H aa xopoBOAOMi) A'^Tefi. — JJ^JiHETb (|)HaHHecKaro 
paaBHxia nrpaib na ripocxop'fe ropaaAO nojieaH'fee, H'feM'B no- 
cxoaHHO 6Hrb B'b AyinnHx-B KOMHaxax-B hjih Aame na BoaAyxt, 
HO B'B yaKHXTi nepeyjiKax'b. Mnoria na-b HHX'b aoji^khh y^Ke pa- 
6oTaTb AOMa, noMoraxb B'b xoaaflcxB'fe, naHbHHXb MajieHbKHXTb 
cecxep'b H 6paxbeBB h x. n. SA^cb ohh oxAHxaK)xi> h cHOBa 
HyscxByiorb ce6a A'^TbHE. 

— Bei, Kamexca, nojibayexecb BjiianieM'b y oGnxaxeJieft pa- 
6o^aro KBapxajia, (|)peftciieftH'B Jlep'B? 

— BjiianieM'b? — B'b jiHui ea noaBHJiocb BHpajKenie CMymen- 



^T0 HOTB HOTHHA. 79 

Haro HeAoyMtnifl. — He AyMaio. H 5KHBy ci> hhmh, botb h see. 
Bktb HacTaBHimefi y mbbh nirb TajiaHia, KaK^b h Boofime hh- 
KaKHX-B ;^pyrHXi). 

— EcjiH He oniHfiaBo.Cb, bh xothtc cKaaaTb, ^to, 6JIa^o;^apa 
BaMi*, 8TH JuoAH He AtjiaioTca hh Jiy^me, hh xyxce, h ^rro 
BJiiflTb Ha HHXTb He BXOAHTb fla«e Bi* Bamy saAany? Ho bh 
HOjftMeTe, KoneHHo, hto si Mory TOJibKo coHcaJi'feTb o6'b axoM'b. 

Ona MeflJieHHo noKanajia rojiOBoft. 

— noHOMy? KoMy xopomo MCHBeTca, TOMy ne Tpy^HO Strrb- 
xopornHMTb. Bt^b Bce, HTO MOHtHO c^^jiaTb — 8T0 JiHiHb HesHa- 
HHTejibHO oCjier^HTb hmi* ramecTb atHSHH. OcxajibHoe npHfteTi> 
caiio C060K). 

— Bh AyiiaeTe, OAHa OJiaroAapnocTb Moatei'b CAtJiaxb ex's 
Ao6pHMn H peJiHriosHHMH? 

— BjiaroAapHocTbV Ho y hhxi> H^rb HHKaKoro noBOAa^ 
CjiaroAapHTb. 

— KaKT) H*Tb noBOAa? — Oh'b CMOTpijii* Ha nee cb yAH- 
BJiemeM'b. Hto 8To, ooficTBeeHo, aa cyni;ecTBO? KaK^b cnoKOftno if 
HCHO SBy^arb ea cjioBa, ne CMoxpa na cKpoMHOCTb, c^b KaKofi 
OHa roBopHTb, — ^TO ocofieHHO npHBJicKarejibHo. Ona ne npoHSBo - 
AHTb BneHaTjrbHiH, 6yAT0 Hcejiaerb ^xnacTaib cbohm'b asH^e- 
ctbomij". Ho ohi* ne noAAacTca hh ea BJiiamro, hh cnoKoftnoMy 
coaeeHHOMy cBiTy BOKpyri nea, hh MySHKi A'^TCKaro CMtxa 

TaK-B Han nna^e, neacAy hhmh Aoaatno 6HTb Bce BHacHeno*^ 
3A*cb y Hero Bparb, h oBTb AoaaceH'b ch nHM-b CopoTbca. 

— EcaH a Bacb noHHMaio,— npnOaBHaB ohb cb paacTanoB- 

KOfi, — BH TOrO MH'feHia, ^TO TOTb, KTO HOMOraOTB 6'feAHHM'by 

HcnoaeaeTB loabKo CBoro oOasaHHocib? 

— He 3HaK), B'bpHO an TaKoe onpeA'feaeHie, — OTBl^THaa ona 
noca'fe Hi^KOToparo pasAyMba. — Hoaaraio, ^to noMoraTb — Bpoac- 
AeHHoe cTpeMaeme: nna^e Heabsa. MoatOTb 6uTb, bto poA'B cxaA- 
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oco6yK) sacayry nirb HHKaKHX'b ocHOBaeift. Ecan a BCTpt^aio 
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HM^K) Ha Hee npana, ona npH^HHaeTB uwh ToabKO rope^b. H 
ohh, h a nocTeneHHo npHBHKan naxoAHTb Bce ecTecTBCHHHM'b 
H npHHHMaTb Bce npocTO. HoHaTie o OaaroA'i^aHiH coBepmeHHO 

HC^eSaO AJIH 06'bHX'b CTOpOHB. 

FoTxoabA'b BrfecKoabKo pa3'b HeoAo6pHTeabHO noKa^aaB ro- 

aoBofi. 

— Co CBoe^ TO^KH apinia, a Mory ToabKO comaaiTb oOb 
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snaBaTb, hto eMy jjfbJiSi¥yvT> Ao6po, h fiaaroziapHocTb Aoaatna 
BHymaTb eMy 6aaroHecTie h CMHpenie. 

— HaoCopoTTb, 6aaroAapHocTb ^acTO oacecTO^aerb h nyraerb 



:80 P700S0B BOrATOTBO. 

ero; oH-b HjiH npHHHMaerB noMomb cb floca^o^, Hjm coBC'feM'b 
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npenefipeaceHiH, o tomT), ^to oH-b oOo^AeH'b npn pacnpeA'tJiemH 
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cMOTptJia Ha Hero cb yAaBJiemeMTb, — ^jxhicKams. rjiasaMH*, — 

HeBOJIbHO nOAyMaJTb OH-b. — nOHCMy? CMHpeHHHM'b AOJIHCeffb 

6HTb HMyiiiii^, BHfla, nacKOJibKO MajitiM-b, nacTO ne Htajiyncb, 
flOBOJibCTByeTca apyrofl. HMymift jiosimewh cosnaBaTb, ^to 6o- 
raxcTBOM'b OH-b oOaaaHb BOBce ne cBozM'b KaKHMb-To BacjiyraMij, 
a cjiy^ailHOCTH. H naxosKy, hto Oi^nEuti HM'fceT'b Meate Bcero 

npH^lIH-b 6HTb CMHpeHHHM'b. CTHAHTbCfl flOJimHH MH KaaCflyiD 

MHHyTy. 

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BHCOKOfit TOHK* BptHifl, ^^Mb OWh. Ho HMOHHO 310 npHBHame 

H BHBGJio ero H3b paBHostciii, CA'feJiajio OeanoKofiHHM'b h pfe- 

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BHcoTt oHa ^yBCTByePb ce6a TaKoft yB'fepenHO^ h HeAocTynHOfi 
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HWb OBJiaA'fcjI'b TH^Bb. 

— SnaHHT'b TO, HTO pyKOBOAHTb BaMH, He ecTb cocrpaAa- 
me?— cnpocHJi'b owh eo^th HacwfemjiaBo. 

Oaa noKa^ajia rojioBOfi c^b Me^TaTeJibHHM'b BHAOMb. 

— H Mory noBTopHTb TOjibKO TO, HTO CKaaajia paHbme: Ay- 
iiaro, TyT'b ecTecTBeHHoe CTpeMJienie. Momcho HasBaTb, KOHe^HO, 
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^VBCTBO, HCHHTHBaeMOe doraTHMX npH BHA'fe HHHlieTbL. B'b Ta- 

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raTHJt AOJimeH-b 6jiaroAapHTb 6'feAHaro, a ne naoCopoTb. Bh bh- 
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o JiiOAax-b a HaaHBaK) npocTO ecTecTBenHo^, hhcthhkthbhoA, ne- 

JIOBtneCKOft... 

— Ho no^eMy bh ne nasHBaeTe aTo CTpeMJieme (JoacecTBen- 
flHMT), (|)peftJieftH'b Jlep-b? 



Hame oCmeeTBeHHoe npoCywneHie eT> couiajiBHo- 

aKOHOMHHeCKOft TOHKH SptHlfl. 

Btrjibin aaMtTKH. 

y. 

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cjT^at eoqeraHieM'E oAHirb, «& ApyroHi — aptivtb, a pesyjaian 
xoxen nojiyuTBOfl oAHHUCOBui. CMepTb, HanpHMftpi, xosen npoH- 
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npHHHHy, Ha^o AOHcsHBaTLCfl H Hsy^HTB yojiOBia, ROTopua npHBejiH 
opraHHBX'E Hn cocToaaia fiuria ki He6uTii), si npeftpan^eHii) 
SHBHeAtaTejBHOCTH. To ace canoe aa^o HMiTb bi aa^y npa asy^eHia 
xosaflcTBeHBoi acasaa. Hani yace ae paai npaxo^puocB ysasuBaTB 
aa orpoMByn aasaocrb noaaxaaia aioro oficToaTeaBcraa, aoTopoe, 
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aayqeaia KaKoro-HB6yffB aajieaia, rosopaaa mu, CTapaK)Toa onpe^i- 
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pory. 3aR0H'E aajieflia ecTB a6cTpaRiua, a HeaoaftqecRifl yx'B orjio- 
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peajiBHUxi cyn^ecTBoaaaiexi, 9to xe ecn peajiLBOCTB, a Hame 
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xpaayABTeaEHocTH Hayqaaro saRoaa — npe^^cxaBaeaie omaSo^xoe, 
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BuaaeTi npeACTaBaenie Raaofl-To aojii^, Raxoxi-io BaROHo^^aTejit. 
npaayjpTejiLHOCTB ace aa^o acRan xe b% aScxpaRi^a, ae bb^ $aK- 
H 7. Ovjtrh n. 1 



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cxBOBaaia cnoGodoBi npoEBBo^GTBa jijib jj^emenjieEisi xoBapa, apoHS- 
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seB'L nocxoiiHHO pacrnHpaxLCA. MeK;i;y x'&m'b, njiaxesHax noxpe6H- 
xejiBHaJi GnoQo6HOGXB Bai](iB, GauHMH ycJiOBiAMH pasBHxifl RaoHxa- 
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xajia, ox'E poGxa ero npoHSBOAHxejiBHuxi ghjii, h saoxynaexi mo- 
Menxi nepenpoHSBOAGXBa, RpHBHca. 

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puBRt, ROxopaB, o;i;BaRO, no GaHBiMi ycjiOBiflHi nposBBOAOXBa, 6ojil* 
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BBAEBEAyaJIBBOfi GXOEMOGXH. AnepERaBGRie ^epMepU Ha2BEBaJIH0b, 

MesAy npo^HMi; sac^exi pycGRaro RpecxBSBGXBa, Roxopoe npn- 
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GRaro RanBxajiHdMa ox^aGXE coBepmajiOGB sacqexi o6iAHiBifl pyc- 

GRarO RpeGXBBHCXBa. 

BoxTi 8X0-10 o6oxoAxejiBGXBO ox^aGXH GMJir^ajio, a oxvaoxE h bo- 



HAmi OBn^BCTBSHHOB UFOBYmjlRBlB . 3 

^ce jcTpaHfljEO Ty HenocpeKCTBeHHyio npn^HHy, KOTopyn BUBUBajn 
upoMunijreflHiifi KpHSHCB Bi AnrjiiB. HenocpeACiBeHHOD npH^nflOK) 
AHepHKaHcsaro KpHSHca 6fiiBaji'E neypoiBaS, bi oGo6eHHocTH, ecjiH 
OWL conpoBos^ajicA naAeniem h^e% sa cejiLCRO-xosflftcTBeHHue 
npoAyKTU, KBKi aTO 6hjio b% 1893—1896 ro^jjaxi. 

y Haci B1& PoGciH KaaflTajoEHaifE pasBHBaJiGfl HcsjiD^flTenHO Ba- 
oqeTi KpecTBjiHOTBa, BB^ero Be ffaBaA eiiy BdaiiiBi. RaRi opo- 
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BtfliA H OTh fleBOBMOSHOCTB BOBUCBTB erO npOBdBO;Q(flTeJILffOCTB, 

BCjii^AGTBie OTcyTCTBiB fleo6xoABMUX'B jiJta dToro sflaBift, oti koto- 
piixi ero BaMi^peHflo yAajuiJiB. UodTOMy ero nosynaTejiBflaB cno- 
eo6HOCT& Bce 6ojiie b 6oj[%e orpaflB^BsajiacL. PasBBxie BanBTajrBSMa 
Morjo npoBcxoABTB tojibko no Mipi KOJianrecTBeBBaro paonpooTpa- 
aeBifl ero BJiiABia Ba KpecTBBflOTBO, no M'bp'6 xoro^ KaRi 6onmee 
E 6ojiLmee ^bcjeo bxi BTBrHsajrocL bi o6jiacTB ToproBaro o6Mi^Ba. 
IIoaTOMy BPB3BCU pyccRoft KanBTajiBCTBiecKoft npoMumjieBHOCTH 
of)ycaoBj[BBai>TCff, bo nepBuxi, pasiii^paMB ypoasax b JnesesBBiMi ero 
BupaseBiem, t. e. i^taaMB, no KoxopuM'b OB'b peajiBsyeTCjr. Bo- 
BTopuxi, yMeBbmeBieifi noBynaTejr&Bot cnoGo6BocTB KpeoTBiiBGTBa, 
o6ycj[OBJieBBofl GnoGo6oMi pasBBxifl KanBTajiBSMa, a TaBse BGiit^- 
cTBie Toro, ito 6peMfl paGTyn^BXi roGyAapGiBeBBUxi noTpe5BOGTeft 
naj^erL, raaBBUHi odpason, sa flero xe. 

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^ojii^e H 6ojiie saTBisBofi. 

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1* 



4 P70QEOB BOrATOTBO. 

H HHuyi BupaaseHieMi HSMiHeRui oSn^eotBeHHo-xoajiflcTBeHHiuv 
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n. 

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He HH^^BHiie HH cjiy^aeBi, hh bobmoshocth jperyjiHpoBaTB cbob 
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co6u Bupaxenifl bthxi HHTepecoBi. 

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sapaexcH. Bi o6n(ecTBeHHot shshh soi^apjieTCH THmHHa, ho THmHHa. 

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mjBTh pasBHTie hxi HHAHBHAyajELHim h o6n^ecTBeHHuxi chjii, nacro 
He BHauH^ie^ th^ hcebtl npH^HHj yxyAmeHiii cBoero noJEOseniH^ 
BCJi%;(CTBie cr^cHeniH pacapocTpaHeHiH o6pa30BaHiH, Bcft sjiacctf 
Ha^HHaiOTi Bce rjiy5se h rjiy6iEe apoHHKaTBCH He^oBOJibCTBOM'by Bce 
CHJiLHte H CHJibHie ^yscTBOBBTb Ha cedi rnexi 6K>poKpaTiH, Bcib^ 
KJiacc£i Ha^HHaiorb npoHHKaxLCH coBHanieMi, tto HHxepecu hx'b 
HHKTO He Moserb noHHTL H Ban^HTHTB jiy^me, ^tMi ohh cann; via 
HaipH He MosoTB paBBHBaiBCH, ecjiH o6n^ecTBeHHHe KJiacou h ot- 
AtjiBHUH jiHi^a jinmeHEi bobmoshocth ho tojibko OTCTansaTB gbok 
HHTepecH, HO ^ase o6cysAaTB bxi OTKpuxo, ycTHO h npH no- 
Mon^H neqaxH; bg^ RjraccBi Ha^HnaiOT'B coBnaBaxB, qTO o^Ha hbi npH- 



HAmB OBII][BCTBBHHOB nPOBFSABBIB. 5 

"^iHHi o6ftAHi^Hia Hapo^a spoeTcir ai ero HeniseoTBi, H6cnooo6HOCTH 
H HeyHiHiH noHJiTB h oiiiHHTB yojiosHflDJ^iiicfl ero otHomeHiii Kh 
«pe;^ npHpoffHoft H o6ii^ecTBeHHoft, h sH^iTB, ^10 npemiTCTBifl na- 
poAHOMj caMonoBHaHii) CTaBHTi SnpospaTifl. 

noAi BJiinHieMi BTHrb h MHorBXi Apynixi npH^HHi, HeAOBon- 

CTBO OjmeCTByi)II(H1IH 06]I^eCTB6Hfl£IMH OTHOmeHiflMH paCTOTl BO 

Bcixi KJiacoan, ho oho ho Hazo^i;Hrb en^e cjiy^aA o6HapysHTBCfl, 
OHO paoren rjiyzo, tojibko HHor^a npoABJiAAOB b% ocTpoft $opMi. 
BajiHi^o HiTi emfi TaKoro co6iiTiH^ KOTopoe o6ie;^HHjio 6£i b(A 

«JiaCC£I B'B 8T01CI OTHOmeHiE, CA^JiaJIO 6£I OHeBHAHUM'B ;pfl Bctai 

HeBOBHOSHOOTB AA^^Hiflmaro cyiiitecTBOBaHifl Bcero Hapo^a, KaR'B 
Hapoffa caMOOTOHTejiBHaro^ npe cysi^ecTBynniieii'L finpoBpaTHTOCKOHi 
iiopHjpsi^ BaBOHo^^aTejEBOTBa h yopaBJieHifl. 8thmi co6uTiem ciajia, 
BaKi H nsThjificsLTh jATh TOicy Hasaffi, Heo^acTHaH Boflna, BUBBan- 
Haa SupoBpaTieS h o6HapysHBinaH ea nonEjn HecocTOHTenHOOTL 
Bi yapaBJieHiH nojiyTopacTa-MHJijiioHHUM'B HacejreHieM'E npHnoMon^H 

^aKOHOBl, He OTBi^aiOll^X'E 06meGTBeHHfim SHBHeEHKHfE H0Tpe6- 
EOCTHM'L H aEpai9ni[HZCH Ha $HBH^eCByK) CHJiy. 



Vll. 

• 

IlHTBj^ecHTb jLiTh Tony HasaAi hcxoai BpuMCBoft BOfiHu sacTa- 
BHJii o6paTHTB BHEManie Bcirb RjiaocoBi o6n^ecTBa na EeE86isHy]D 
9eo6xoAEMOCTB noRos^HTB 0% *rtMi TopicaBOMi^ BOTopBifi jreisajTB sa 
nyTH Ki o6n^ecTBeHHOMy paBBsriH), e BOTopuS npEBejn B'B cesaoTO- 
ttOJiBCKOMy norpoMy, EiceHflo — ci BpinocTH&m npaBon. Hunepa- 
topi AjieRcaHjip'B II npeKpacHO noHEMajiB nojioseme ji^^Jia, KorAa 

UOOSi BpUMOBOfl BOflHBT, 06paH^aECB B'B MOCROBOKOMy ;Q(BOpHHGTBy 

-cKasax'B, TTO jiyqnie npoESBecTE js^ijio ocBo6osAeEiH RpeGTBHSi 
«Bepxy, ^iwh s^btb, Bor;(a oho npoHBoftfferB cHEsy... RpinocTSoe 
opaBo najio... 

npomjio nflTBffeoHTB n^Th. 3a bte nojiciOjiiTiE bocb cTpoft 
o6ni60TBeHEoS sebhh EBMiHEJicH. BoBSEKiE soBue od^ecTBeHHue 

UaCCU CB HOBUME nOTpe6sO0TEME, CB CBOEME G06GTBeBS£[HE EHTO- 

pecaME^ BOTopue ohe, oj[[saBO, He EnijiE bobmoshogte eb tojibko 
y^OBJieTBopETB, ho ;^ase e BBicBaBUBaTB. Rp^noGTHoe npaBO, naBmee 
B'B ero rpy6oS ^opnt, ooTajiocB HenpEKOOHOBenHUMB bo bg^i 
ocTaxBHuxi cBOExi HpoHBjieHiHX'B H Hpo^ojisajio HO npesHeny 
«rfecHATB paBBHTie npoEBBO^^ETeJiBHuxi GEjri sa^iE^ paBBETie o6mfi' 

CTBeHHOOTE, paBBETie yMGTBeHSUX'B GEJIl, a BMiGTi 0% T^lfB paB- 
BETie CEJIl HpaBGTBeEHBIX'B. 

Ob coipojiorE^ecBofl totse BpiHur o6ni[eGTBO Tim Bunie, 
itai pa8Hoo6pa8Eie $opMu e nanpaBJieHiE, BOTopus bi neiiB 
npoEBJunoTCE, H liwh (bo Boem o6m,QOTB% KaKi i^ijiOHB) 
yseiE^EBaeTGE GOJiEAapHOGTB, — GJioBOHi, ?iHi 6ojiie paB- 



6 PyOOKOI BOrATOTBO. 

BHBaeTCfl o6ii^ecTBeHHOCTi>. PasBHTie HpaBOTseHHOcTfl, T. 6. cno- 
oo6a pearHpoBafiifl oTxiJibHBixi jehi^i h sjiacooBi na BxinBia 

06]IieCTBeHH0fl Cpe^U, 06jGJI0BJ[BBa6T0l[ pasBHTieM'E ofin^ecTBeHHOCTH. 

A BToiiy-TO pasBHTiK) npeiiATOTBferE SnpoKpaiiji. Majio Toro, nps 
CT^cfl6HiH pasBHTifl o6ji^eoTBeHHOorH, Kor^a 6i)poKpaTifl 66p6T'b na 
oe6H ptmaTB cjoxhlui o6iii6CTBeHHU£[ Ba^aHH, He capaBJiflACB c^ 
MHinieifB Tix'B, Koro 8TH sa^a^H HeDOcpe^^cTBeHHO saoanrcji, ona 
^aeTi npeAnBcania, KOiopufi hbjuijotgsi He cooxBiTCTBynn^HMH xpe- 
6oBaHiflMi SH3HH, a TaKi KaKi nocjii^AHiH OHJibHie, to bo hhh hx^^ 
npe^nHoaHifl o6xoAflTCH. ApT^'hmh cjiOBanH, Bcn^y oosHaxejiLHO bo- 
ii;apHeTOfl jiosb, h bc^ bto sHaDrL, set oapaBji^uBaiOT'b *)... 

YsacHufi norpoMi Ha ^ajiLHem BocTOKi, KaKi DHTBAeoflrE jiiry 
nasa^'b oeBacionojiBCKifl norpom, cjiheikomi ehtsbjsjio noKasajTL 
BCK) Heypfl^aay, bck) onacHooiB ;pA oyiueoTBOBaHifl Hai^in 6K)poRpa- 
TH^ecKaro cxpoff. PocgIh jifi ghxi nopi ne BHaen, aa^im Sujiv 
BaHflTi noprb-Apiypi, nocjii loro Kasi no HaoTOHHiio Tpexi jifip^ 
saB'B ero o^hcthjeh hhohi^ii, HMt^ Ha ero saniiTie ^^npano^ saBoeaa- 
TejiH. Poocia j^o chxi nopi ne 3HaeTi>, sa^iMi ohx 6fiiJiii yKpt- 
HjieHi, Haxo^OL no^TH Bi 1500 Bepcraxi otl pyccKOfi rpanHi^u? 
Sa^i^Mi 6ujia nocTpoeHa Ha ^yasofi xeppHTopiH seji^SHan ^opora^ 
KOTopyx) npnxoAHJiocB oxpaaflxb BoopyiseHHofi chjioA, BCji^j^cTsie^ 
BpaaAe6Haro nacTpoeHifl naoeJieHifl? Sa^im 6ujrh nocipoen:^ Ji^AJih- 
Hifl? HHKOMy HeHBBi^cTHO, EBB-sa Hero 6uj[a na^axa aia snoc^acT- 
Has Boftna, na soTopyiO; bm^gt^ gi pacxo^auH na yEpinjteHie 
noprE-Apxypa^ noGipoftsoft sejitsnoft j^oporH h np. h np., yse xe- 
nepB 6yKBaj[bH0 Cpomeno ;Q(Ba MHJiiiiapAa py6jiefi, hjih okojeo xoro, na- 
poAHuxi A^Herb, B% xo BpenH Kasi napoAi GxpaAaera oxi nent- 
seGTBa, orh neyposaeBi h ox'b xughhh ApyrBXi 6iACXBift. He^era 
H roBopHXb GaMom Gyn^eGXBeHHOMi — o rH6ej[H GOxeHi xughtb mo- 
jio^uxB sHsneft, dxoro i^txa hbi^h, o pasopemH i^ijiofl HeftxpajiB- 
Hofl npoBHHi^iH, KaBHHXi OH SHxejieft, npio6pi^xeHiH Bpara b!b 

GOGi^'b, Gl KOXOpUMB MHpHO JBHJQfH J^O HOOJE^AHHrO BpeMeHH He O^Hy 

GOXHD jAvh, H np. H np. 

HarjQfflAHufl ypoRx, ^aHHUtS HUHtniHeK) boAhoi), KaKi h 50 jiixi- 
xouy naaa^, ne xojibKO nosasajii bgd namy oxGxajioGTB, ho xaBs» 
H npHHHflu dxoft oxGxajEOGXH, GJiHrnROifb HHBBoe pasBHxie npOHBBO- 

AHXejIbHUXB GHJIl, KaKl 8X0 6hlJL0 SI Bl EpUKGKyiO BoflHy. Ho Ha 

8X0MI anajioriH KonqaexGH. IlHXBAeGax'b Ji^xi xouy naaaAi, noGjA 
na^eHiH xpi^noGXHoro npana, RpoHt ABopancxBa ne 6ujio he eAHHara 
o6ni[eGXBeHHaro KJiaGGa, Koxopbifi 6ujii 6u o6ieAHHeH*B GOSHaxejiBHa 
xoBflftGXBeHHiiiMH HHxepoGaicH. KptnoGTHOo npano najio. JiHqa, npn- 
HHMaBmiH yqaGxie bb saKOHOAaxejiBHofi oaHRn^iH yHH^xosenia xoro^ 

TEO OXSHJEO GBOfl B^KB, HpeKpaCHO HOHHMaJIH, 9X0 HOBUH XOBHScXBOH- 



*) 06i> arowb cvitAyerb noAyMarb rhwb, kto cquraerb HecymecTBeHHuifv 
Bonpocb CBo6oA'fe caMoonpeAtjieHifl o6mecTBa h HacraHBaerb na BaxcHOcnfc 
caMoycoBepuieHCTBOBaHifl. 



BAmE OBn^OTBlHHOl nPOBySASHIB. 7 

BUff ycjiOBifl Tpe6yi)n HOBim apaBOBim Hopm bo Boixi OGraiS" 
Huxi o6jiacTaxi o6iiiecTBeHHofl shbhb: op^aHH8aI^H ojaa Ha hhuxi 
Baqajran, cbo6oabi cjiOBa, 0Bo6offii ne^aiH h t. a* Ohh h oeyn^e- 

CTBJiaJEH HJIff CTpeHHJIBCL OCJII^eCTBHTE TO, HTO nO HXl nOHflTiflll'E 

Tpe6oBajiocL. Ho hxi 6jiarifl oosejiaHiH HaTBHjJiHCB na npemiTCTBiii. 
Ob OABOfl cTopoHH, sasoHO^iaTejiLCTBo H jnpaBjieHie HaxoAHJiHCb no 
npesHeMy bi pjRacL 6i)poKpaTiH,T. e. Jiioffefi, Bep6yeifKXi hbi ^BopiiH- 
cTBa, E9h KJiacca KpynHuxi seMjieBJiaAijiEi^eBi, soxopue bi Ka^e- 

CTBt TaKOBUXl HMijIH B08M0SH0CTL OTCTaHBaTL CBOH HHTepeCU, 

cjiHBiROMi OHJIBHO BaipoHyTue ynpa3;Q(HeHi6]rb KpftnocTsoro npaBa. 
A ci jipjTot cTopoHEi, emfi He;(oeTaTO^HO o6oco6Hjioa h bbi^bh- 
HyjicH Kaxofl-HH6yj[[& Apyroft sjiaooi, KOTopiifl 6Bin 6ii vh coctojI' 

HiH XOTH naOCHBHO San^HID^aTK SaSOHHOCTL, npOTHBHT&OlE npOHBBOJiy 

fl T. A. BojiiAGTBie 8Toro, caMue npespacHue saBOHu, He naxoAH 
noM^psKH H san^HTu CK0JiBB0-HH6yAB on^yTHTejiBHoi, 6wib hjih ot - 
MiHHeMu, HJDi HCBasaeMU 6i)poKpaTiefi, KOTopav BUjtjbjLA bi hhx'b 
yrposy cBoeny npoHSBOJiy. GyAeSHue yciaBu, seiiGTBO, ropo;(CKoe 
jnpaBJieHie, sasoHu o neuiH, KpecTBHHOKoe caicoynpaBJieHie — Bce 
8T0 noABeprjiocB HBHiHemi), bi oioicjrt ycHJEeniH BJiacTH 6i)po- 
KpaTiH. 

IIpeo6pa80BaTejiBH06 ABHsenie mecTHjiiecflTux'b ro^OBi, cji^ao- 
BaBmee sa oriciHOH) KpftnooxHoro npana, 6ujio, eeJiH mosho TaK'b 

BBipaSHTbCJI, CJIHmKOMl flOBOpXHOCTHO, CJIBinBOMl Hajo onHpajiocB 

Ha mnpoKie o6n^ecTBeHHii6 cjioh, HHTepecu KOTopsixi en^e hoao- 

CraTO^IHO OTHeTJIHBO OOBHaBaJIHOb HUH, AA H OaMH-TO dXH o6ii^ecTBeH- 

HHesJiaccu tojebko eii^e na^ajiH ^opiiHpoBaTBCfl noffi BjaHHiem 
HBHtHeHifl o6ii(ecTBeHHo-xo8flflcTBeHH£ix'E yojiOBifi. OrcyiCTBie peajiB- 
Haro ocHOBaHiii wa AajiLHifiniHX'b o6iD[6CTBeHHHX'b npeo6pa80BaHift 
noojrt naA^Hifl BpinocTHoro npaBa o6'EjicHfleTi bobhoshoctb yoHJie- 
Hifl 6i)poKpaTH^ecKaro peasHMa h conpoBoasAaBmaro ero npHHHse- 

HUI 06n^eCTBeHH0CTH. 

Ho BTO BpoHH npHj^asjieHHOcTH BHimHJiro npoHBJieHiii o6nie- 

CTBOHHOCTH BCOTaBH HO HpOIHJIO A^pOMl. 8tO BpOHfl 61IJIO Bpeiie- 

HeHi npeo6pa80BaHiH Bcero o6ni[6CTBeHHo - xoanftcTBeHHaro cTpoa. 
Bi 9T0 BpeHH HaposAAJiHCB H o6ieAHHHJiHCB, GHa^ajia qnoTO-Mexa- 
HH^eoBH, HOBBie o6n^eGTBeHHue KJiaccu, BOSHHKajra HOBue o6ii^e- 
cTBeHHiie HGHXojrorH^ecsie thdu cb ex% hobumh BanpooaacH, hhto* 
pecaMH. Oahhi hbi bthxi sjiaccoBi npouumjieHHOCTH HMiJH en^e 

B031C0XH0CTB SaflBJIflTB OBOHXl HHTepOCaXl H yAOBJIOTBOpjITB Ht- 

soTopuH Hdi cBOHxi Tpe6oBaHift. diorB KJiacci ao boShu qyBCTBOBaji'B 
ce6fl AOBOJHiHO xopomo h gdokoAho sa cnHHoft 6]opoKpaTiH, ho Boflna^ 
OTpasHBmHGB coBpaH^emeH'B c6iiTa mhophxi oTpacJiet npoMunuieHHOCTH^ 

BaGTaBHJDta OTKasaTBCH OTI ^CAOpSaHHOCTH'' HnpOMUHIJieHHllfiBJiaCCl. 

JI,pyroft KJiacci, — pafio^e, —coBepmeHHO 6bijii jiHmeH'B axofi bob- 
MOSHOGTH. CaMtifi GHOcodi BOSHHRHOBeHiH Hamefi Kpynnofl npo- 
MumjieHHOGTH, pasBHBaBineftGH Ha c^erB KpeGTB^Hcsaro naGOJieHiH, 






8 PyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

iipH noMon^ pacTjnitaro lUfoseHHaro noKpoBHrejiBOTBa^ npR crt 
cHeHin HapoAHoro o6pa80BaHifl kekl o6ii^arOy Tasi h TexHHTOOKaro, 
npH OTcyTCTBlH CB060AU oo6paHifl, obo6oau cjotOBa, CBo6offii ne^ara, 
apHBejTE ee Vh Kpiraney^ kukl bto TenepB GosHanrE caMH Kaira- 
TajracTu. 

TaRi son bth bhobl pasBEBmieoa sjiacouy o6ieffHHje[Bmieoji 06- 

m,BME EBSJIfiMJ Bffh EHXl XOBflflOTBeHHHMH HHTepecaHH^ CTajRI BCe 

Cojrte H 6ojAe coBHaTeuHO othochtboh vh ycjiOBijm^ npemiTOTByK)- 
mav% HMi BupaasaTB, OTCiaHBaTB h dan^HiniaTb Ti Tpe6oBaHifl, ko- 
Topufl no ETh noHHTijiici h6o6xo;q(hmu aju cyn^ecxBOBaHifl h paa- 
BHTifl KaKi npoMumjieHHOCTH, Tasi h ETb oaHHn. Kaxi chibho 
Hapo^^oe o6pa80BaHi6 he citcHJiJiOOB, BcexaKH ycjiOBUi xoBsflcTBeH- 
CTBOHHOfi SHBHH^ o6%ejunuii[ nexaHH^eoKH xoTA 6u pa6o«x'E, Ba- 

CTaBJIA^H HXl BAyMUBaiBCfl Bl 0806 HOJIOSeHie, HCKaTB B08K0SH0- 

CTH yjiyqmHTB ero, BHaKOMHTLCfl ci rtMH cpeACTBaMH^ KOTopus yno- 
Tpe6j[flDTi jf^UL BToro pa6o?ie ApyrHxi cxpaHi, hto6u npn noicoms 
Hxi nonsiraTBCfl jsj^smsLTb cBoe co6cTBeHHoe nojroseHie. 

RaKi HE Majio pacnpocipaseHO o6pa80BaBie cpe;(s RpeciLEEi *), 
ao E OHE noHJiJiE, KaKoe orpoMHoe Bsa^esie oho EHien na yjiy^- 
meHie hxi naTepiajibHaro nojioseHiji. Bi dTOWh oxHomeHis JII060- 
mixHu oxBixu RoppecnoH^^esxoB'E MOCROBcsaro aeaioxBa Ha BonpocL 
o Mipaxi Ki yjiy^ineHix) ceucEaro xosAflcxBa. TaBi, offHHi hbi^ 
KpecxBflHi Ha 8X0X1 BonpocB oxBinaexi: „He BHai), kxo ebx 
8;2Q)aBOMucjiAii^HX'E joo^fii, xopomo BHaioiaHXi A^peBHK), 6yAexi cno- 

PEXB npOXEBl XOft r(^BBOfl ECXEHBI, TFO TJiaBHUKl, HO^XE OAHH- 

ciBeBHun xopHasoH'B K% noAHflxix) Rasi cejiLCKaro xobhS- 
GXBa, xaKi H vero 6hL xo hh 6ujlo xopomaro e nojiesHaro ji^sa. 
HacE, ABjiEexcE Hama saRopeH^JiocxB, xeHHOxa h seBftsecxBO, b'b 
fiojiBniHHcxBi cxy^aesi oJiEBmiflca cb seBOo6pa8HMofl 6iAH0cxBD'' 
(,yCxaxEGX. EseroAHHR!E MocrobcroS ry6. sa 1904^ M. 1905 r.» 
exp. 49 — 50). „Bo8MOSHOcxB aAMHHHOxpaxEBH£ixi Rapi 6e8i oy^a 
H 6681 npaBa o6saiOBaHiji, — roBopExcE xam aco (cxp. 55), — ^aojukhu 

napaJIHBOBaXB BI RpeCXLEHHHt BOflRyH) HHHiUaXEBy H dHoprii), oco- 

(5eHH0 wh npoflBJieHiflX'b o6ii^6cxB6HHofl SE8HE^. no dXOMy nOBOAy 
;i;pyrofi RpecxBAHEH'E nHinoxi: ^RpecxBAHi mosoxi EcnpasEXB xojibro 
mROJia H ?6Ji6Bi^TOGR06 0XHoineHi6 Ri HHMi CO oxopoEu HaHau- 
cTBa, a xaRS6 canaE niEpoRafl noMon^B bi aROHOMH^ocRofl se8Hh; 
H Tor^a MHoroHHjiJiioHHaji nacca BcxaH6xib wh ypoBOHB ci RyjiBxyp- 

HUMl HapOffOMl E 061 pyRy CB APyrEME RJiaCCaMfl HaC6JI6HUI HOfl- 

jifiTh Ha noMO^B rocy^apcxBy b'b oro pasBHxiHy h xojibro xor^a ro- 
oy^apcxBO mosotb 6£ixb ghjibho^ Ror^a xpn H6XB6pxE saG6JieHiE ko- 
ryxi 6uxB o668n6?6HU b'b seshh. C'b xaREM'B Eaoej[6HieM'B e rocy- 

*) Pt^ib HAerb pflAOBOMi KpecTbsiHCTBt, a He o jiHuaxi*, xora npHHa^Jie- 

IKamHX-b K-b KpeCTbHHCKOMy COCJIOBilO, HO B'b C0Uia;ibH0-9K0H0MHtieCK0M'b OTHO- 

uieaiH cBflsaHHbix-b HHTepecaMH cb roproBbiM'b K;iaccoMi> hjih cb aeMJieBJiaji'feJibMe- 



HAIHB OBd^OTBEHHOB nPOBFag(BHIB. 9 

i^apcTBj JierKO asHTb. C% pasBHTieMi npocB^^B^eHia coRpaTflrcfl ajioyno- 
Tpe6j[eHii[ Ha^aiBOTBa h oy^oBi 6j^erh MeHBine''. Jlaji^^e soppeoDOH- 
jsfiBTL OTJci^^aerB iipo6yag(aK)ii^eecA bi Hapoff4^ CTpemieHie Ri o6pa- 
BOBaHiD H roBopHTi, ?T0 ^nooTaBHTB Hapoffi Ha npesHee MioTO yse 
HeBOSMOSHO, KaKi HeBOSMOSHO i^unjieHKa onflTB sacaoHTB bi OROp- 
jiyny" (Tan se cxp. 55"). 

CjrtAOBaTejLHO, h RpeoTBHHCTBo Ha^HHaerB ^yBCTBOBaTB, r^ na- 
xoAHTCfl HenocpeACTBeHHaA npH^HHa ero o6ijuAmB, h oho hohh- 
icaerB, tto 6681 BfianiH HeBOSiiosHa 6opL6a RaRi ci npnpoAoft, 
TaRi H 01 He6jiaronpiHTH£iifH o6H](eoTBeHHiiHH yojiOBiHMH. Gi Apy- 
rofl oTopoHu, wa Hero cjehhiromi omyTBTOjiBHa 6e8ROHTpoj[BHaH 

BJiaCTB 6DpORpaTiH Vb JlVn!k SeMCRHXl H HHUXI Ha^aJIBHEROBl, RO- 

Topaa noABBJiHeT'B bchroo npoHBjieHie o6H](ecTBeH^aro no^HHa js^ 
yjfyqmeHifl nojioseHia. HeffOBOJiBCTBO laRHMi nopa^RoifB, sarjiy- 
maDH^HM'b o6n^eoTBeHHyD shbhl npH es npoHBjieniHxXy paonpooTpa- 
fisexcH H vh dTofl no CBOefl npHpo;^ HaH6ojiie ROHcepBaTHBHofi 
epeffi. 

HvL Boero cRasaHHaro bhahicb, tio 8a HHTLj^ecarE sivh Ha- 
orpoeHie Bcefi naiUH cOBepmenHo H8MiHHJiooB, hoa'b BjaflHieMi co- 
BepmeHHO npeo6pa8HBHiarooa sa 8to BpoMS xo8HftcTBeHHaro OTpojr. 

flapOAHJIHCB H C^OpMHpOBaJIHCB HOBBIO o6lI^eOTBeHHUe RJiaCCU, HO- 

BBie o6ni[ecTBeHHue noHxojiorH^ecRie thqu^ bi Roropuxi He^esjiH 

HHJ^HBHjD^yaJIBHUfl 0C06eHH0CTH, H pOJIBe^HO BBIOTyHHJIH ^epTil, XB- 

paRTepHEU j[fls Bcero RJiaoca. BMioii ci o6oGo6j[eHieM'B OTj^ijih- 
Huxi o6H^ecTBeHHux'B RJiaecoBi, Bce BunyRjiie h BunyRjrie o6Hapy- 
SHBajiHCB H BBiCTynaiH HHTepecu, CBOfiCTBeHHue RasAOxy m% o6- 

H^eCTBeHHO-XOBflflCTBeHHBIX'B RJiaOOOBl, ROTOpHO HMl TpoCOBaJIOGB 

8anpiniaTB otb nooaraTejiBCTBa na hhxi> Apyrnxi o6H^ecTBeHHuxi 
RjiaccoBi. KaaKffoe jihj^g, npHHaAJiesan^ee ri onpeffiJieHHOMy RjEaocy, 

^yBCTBOBBJIO eOJIHAapHOOTB CBOHXl HHTOpeCOBl CB HHTOpeCaMH 

ocraJUBHUxi jihi^'b cBoero Rjiacca, nyBCTBOBajio oOt^ecmeennyio oojih- 
AapHOCTB ch hhmh. dia o6H^eeTBeHHaH cojiHAapHOCTB HHTopecoBi 
Tpe6oBajia eoBMicTHOfl o6n^eoTBeHHofl aan^TU hxi on RaRHXi- 
jih6o nocHraxejiBCTB'B na hhxi oo cTopoHii ocTajEBHuxi RjiaccoBi. 
npoflBJieHin cojiHffapHocTH HHiepecoBi, cthxIAho pasBHBmiftcH no^i 

BJliAHieH'B H81Ci^HHBHIHXCH o6n^eCTBeHHO-X08HflCTBeHHUX'B yCJIOBift, 

BGAraecRH HpenflTCTBOBajia 6i)poRpaTiH, BOBHHRmaH h Bupocman npn 
spi^nocTHOiTB npani h aRojiaiOH^aH coxpaHHTB npH hobrxi xosjifl- 
CTBOHHuxi yoiOBinxi TO se canoe SHa^eHie, ROTopoe HMijia npn 
Rp%noGTHHqecTB4^. TaRi RaRi RasAufl nai o6oco6HBniHXCH Rjiac- 
coBi HacejieHifl naxoffEJiGfl wh 6ojiiB hjol Menie OAHHaROBoifB no- 
JOseniH no OTHomeHuo s% GnpoRpaTiH, KaxjifiA En hhxi ^ys- 
CTBOBajn na ce6t en BJUHnie, xoth h ho bi paBHoft cxeneHH, TaR'B 
saRi no;i^ BjEinHiem hobiixi xo8HftcTBeHHiix'B ycjEOBift oTHxiflno 
pasBHJiocB RjaccoBoe caMOCosHaHie, AtHTejEBHoe npoHBJieHie roto- 
paro BCTpi^ajio npenHTOTsie co oxopoHH 6K)poRpaTiH, ApyrHMH ojeo- 



10 PyOOBOB BOrATCTBO. 

BaMH: TSBi Kasi BCi o6n^ecTBeHHBie Kjraccu BCTp^qajEH npenflx- 
CTBifl CBoeMy o6mecTBeHHOMy pasBHiiio, to HeyAa^H HeHSBicTHO ci 
KaKOK) i^tjiBK) HaqaTofi 6K)poRpaTiefi boShbi co bo^hh en yacacaMH, 

GO BCtMH mepTBaMH, ROTOpU^ npHXOAHTCH npHHOCHTb HapO^y H 

JIH^HO, H HMyiii;ecTBeHHo, o6'iiej^HHHJiH Boi Rjiaccu Hapo;i;a, Kasi 6&i 
pasjiHqHBi HH 6JUJIH HHTepecu KaacAftro hsi ehxi bi ota^^jqeihoctb, 
Ha oj];hoiii xpefioBaHiH— cBo6oAHaro canoonpeAtJieHifl. 

H SAtcb Boflea Gurpa;ia pojii> oTspoBeBi^. EEpa Bceo6ii^efl bohh- 
GKOfi noBHHHOGTH Mo6HJiB8ai;iH, BHSBaHHafl TenepeniHefl boShoA, co- 
BAajia saHHTepeGOBaHHOGTL Bcero HaGejoEeHiff ne wh Heft toibko, ho 
H Bi ToifL, ?T0 ee BBisBajio. A axo HeH86^2CH0 BuauBaeT'L CTpemie- 
Hie He TOJQEiKO ysearb npHqHBEi ea B03HHKH0BeHij?, ho xasxce 6utb 
yqaGTHHROMi Bi GosHAaniH yGJOBifi nojoEHTHqeGRaro Gyn^eGTBOBanij?. 

Bee, HTO HaRODJQEflJIOGB H pOGJQEO ro;3;aMH GTHXiftHO, 6e8e03BaTeJIBH0 

npoTHBi npenHTGTBift, ic'6maK)n^HX'E ecTeGTBeHHOMy poGxy o6n^eGTBeH- 

HOGTH H 6opi»6t ^OpMHpyiOntHXGH 06nteGTBeHHUX'L RJQEaCGOBl 8a 

Hxi Gyn^eGTBOBaHie, Bce axo hoa'b y^apaMH neGqaGXHoS boShu o^opM- 
jiHBajQEOGL, bxo^hjio b% o6nieGTBeHHoe G08HaHie h BupasnjiooL b'e 
i^tjioifb pH^i nosKejiaHiS h xpedoBaniS Beixi RjiaoGOB'b, neoSxoAH- 
MUX'E ji,3ia npaBHjiBHoft saROHOM^pnofi o6niecTBeHHofi shshh. 

nodxoMy, Htxi> BH^ero yAHBHxejiBHaro, qxo bg^ xpedoBania h 
HOsejEaniH saif^qaxejoEBHO oji;Hoo6pa3Hu. Bi GosHaflie bg-^xi o6n];e* 
GXBeHHiix'b RjiaGGOBi rjiy6oRO npoHHRjio y6^2EAeHie bi HeofixoAH- 
MOGXH 0CB060AHXLGH OTt njThy npenHXGXByioniHX'B npojiBjeHiio 06- 
n];eGXBeHHoft HHHi^iaxHBBi h GaMonpe^'^JieHiH. npHGJEymaeMGH r'e tohj, 
qero xejiaK)xi h xpe6yioxi^ npej^GxaBHxejin pasHUXi o6n^eGXBeHHHxi^ 

RJiaGGOBl. „Mu XBepAO BtpHlfB, FOGyjOjapL, qXO 6jIB80B'b TOT'S 

G^aGTJiHBuS AOHL, ROF^a HO BOJit Bamero BejiH^eGXBa 6jjifiTb oxMi^- 
HeHi» Gyin;eGTByH)ni;ifl 6K)poRpaxHqecBift GTpoS, pa3o6n;aH)HuS BepxoB- 
HyK) BjiacTb Gi HapoAOBfb, Ror^a DjapB npndOBerb gbo6oji;ho H86paH* 
HMxi npeACTaBHTOJieS BGeS scmjih pyoGRofi ri yqacTiio bi saROHO- 
^aTOJEBGTB^, j^a6u npn goa^SctbIh hxi ynpo^HTL Moryn^eGTBO roGy- 
ji;apGXBa, BOJinqie npecTOJia h nponiBtxaHie po^HHJu na He8Bi6j[e][£ix'b 
naqajiax'L saROHHOGxn, Jinqnoft nenpHROGHOBeHHOGXH h paBHonpas- 

HOGTH BG'&X'E rpaSAaS'B, GBOdojljU GJIOBa H B^pOHGHOBtjIiaHiH". TaRi 
rOBOpHT'B MOGROBGROe SeMGTBO. ^epHHrOBGROO SOMCTBO BGeHOAAAH- 

Hifime npoGHTi ^npnsBaTB gbo6oabo H86paHHiixi npe^GTaBHTejiefi 
BOMGTBa H noBejitTb HMi HesaBHGHKO H GaifOGTOHTejiBHO Haqep- 
TaTB npoaRTi pe^opm, OTBi^qaion^Hxi otojqeb 6jih8KO Hid hb- 
BiGTHnMi OGHOBHuifB EjMjifi^M'h pyGGRaro HaGeJieHiff, H np08RTB 
aTOTE ;i;o3bojihtb HenoGpe;i;GXBeHHo npe^GxaBHTB BameMy BejiHqe- 
GXBy^. „M£i He MOseifB shxb desi gbo6oj(B[ gob'Igth, — roBopnrb 
nenseHCRoe aeifGTBo bi gboojicb a^peot, — mu ho mosomi pa6oTaTS 

6e8l HenpHROGHOBeHHOGTH JEHqHOGTH H qaGTHEIXl SHJinH^'B, MU HO 

MOseMi MOJHTBGH 6es'b GB060AU B^poHGHOB^^aHiH... Egjih, PoGy^apL^ 
Bi Bame Gepji;ii;e aanaj^erE mbegjib npnsBaTB ri roGyAapoTBeHHofi 



BAmB OBII^BOTBSHHOB nPOBySABHIB. 11 

pa6oTi Bii6opH£m npe^CTaBHTejiefl seiiJiHy uk... npHBeceMi set 
cHjiu pasyifiBifl Hamero, mo6u bubocth Pocciio Ha hobeiA mnpoKifi 
nyTL HpaBOTBeHHaro h MaTepiajiBHaro 6j[arooocTOflHia''... MnoeejiHTe, 

rOCJffapB, — npOGHTl GUOJieHCROe SeUCTBO, — COSBaTB CB050AH0 H8- 

6paHHux'ii npe^cTaBHTejieft Hapo;^a, ]i,h6u ohh noB^j^ajiH Ban CBoe 
HCKpeHHee cjeobo o Hapoji;Hux'B HysAaxi h oficyftHJiH o irtxi ny- 
Tflxi H opeAGTBaxi, KOHMH MOSOTB 6bitl yoTpoeHi H o6e8ne?eH'B 
Bi oxeqecTBi HameMi BHyTpeHHift MEpi*. B'l TaBom se CMuojii 
BBioKadajiHoii emfi MHoriA seMOTBa, ho o6ii^iff aosejianiA Bctxi 
seMCTBi BJupaBHJiHOB wb ^acTHOMi coB^n^aHJE HX'b npejqjGTaBETejiefl, 

npH6UBinHX'B go BG^XI ROHI^OBS SeMGSOfi PoCGIh, Ha KOXOpOlfB OHH 

npHmjiH K'B saEJiio^eHiEO, ?to ^jih npaBHJiBHaro Te^eniH h pasBHTis 
Hamefi o6iueGTBeHHofl h roGy^apcTBeHHofi shbhh Heo6xoffHMO pas- 
BBTie o6]i][eGTBeBHofi GaMOftiHiejiBHOGTH, TtcHoe o6m,eme h e;i;HHeHie 
roGyAapGTBeHHoS BjiaGTH gi> o6iu,eGTBOMi, npaBHjiLHoe yqaGTie napo;^- 
Haro npe^GTaBHTejiBGTBa, KaRi oco6aro Bii6opHaro yqpe9Rii;eHiH bi 
OGyH^ecTBJieHiH saKOHOjiiaTejiBHofl BjiaGXH, bi ycTaHOBjieBiH roGy- 

AapGTBeHHOfl pOGlTHGH J^OXCJ^OBl H paGIO^ljOBl H Bl ROHTpOJit Haji;!* 
AtflTeJEBHOCTBK) a^HHHHGTpai^iH. TOJILRO npH OGyO^eGTBJieHiH dTHXl 

yGJioBifl, no HHiHiio ooBiiuaHiH, boskosho yGxpaHenie a^MHEHGipa- 
THBHaro n*^0H8B0Jia, yGiaHOBJieHie h noGJit^OBaTeiTLHoe npoBe^eHie 

Bl SH3HL npHHI^Hna HenpHROCHOBeHHOGTH JIHqHOGTH, HaGTHarO 2BH- 

JiHH^a. Jl^fl BBiHGHeHiii o6iii6GTBeHHiixi Hys^'^ H A^si BHpasKeHia 
o6iueGTBeHHaro MHiHia Heo6xoAHxo o6e3ne?eHie gbo6oau gqb^gth 
H B^poHcnoBi^^aHiH, GBo5o2^fii GJiOBa H ne^aTH, a TaRse gbo6oabi 
co6paHiA H GonsoBi. 

3th noasejEaHiJi, OGyiqeoTBJieHie ROTopuxi Heo6xoAHMO a^h npa- 
BHJiBHofl o6H^eGTBeHHoft H roGyAapoTBOHHofl SH8HH, no y6t2K^eHiK) 
npeAGTaBHTOJiefi BexjieBJiaAi^HiJi, ROTop£ie 6£ijin btahjtbi bi Kpyro- 

BOpOTl HOBilXl yGJIOBifi 06meCTBeHH0-X03BfiGTBeHH0fl 2KH8HH, pa8- 
ffi^JIffDTGfl BGiMH, 6681 HGKJUO^eniJT, HpOHSBOAHTejIBHlIllfH KJiaCGaMH. 

TaKi, Bi BanHGRi neTepfiyprGEHxi saBO^^qHROB'E h ^aGpHKanTOBi, 
noAaHHofl Bi jfHBap'b TeKjn^aro roffa npoAGi^aTejiK) ROMHTeTa mh- 
HHCTpoBi, roBopHTGfl, 9X0 M^ yjiBpoTBopoHiA pa6oqaro ABHse- 
bIa Heo6xo;n;HMBi j,6ojiie rj[y6oKiH pe^opifu o6iaeroGy;i;apGTBeHHaro 
xapaRTepa". SaaHOKa ^aCpHBanTOBi h BaBoj^qHEOBi jcocROBGKaro 
paioHa BBipasaeTGH yse 6oji^q onpeA^JieHHo. no HX'b y6tac;^eHiK), 
^HacTOflmee rpeBOSHoe noJOseHie GTpaHu h yrHeTOHHoe coGXOAHie 

npOMEimeHHOGTH BaGXaBHJIO apOMJUmJieHHHROBl SaflBHTB npaBHTejB' 

CTBy, qxo HacxpoeHie Hapo^iiHUxi naGGi bi Gxpani ABJixexGA rpo8- 
HUMi npeAOGxepeseHiem Gyii^eGXBynn^eify pesHMy, qxo HHKaEHMH 
penpeGGiHMH ho OGxaHOBHXB ABBseHiH, HM'&K)ii(aro rjiydosie RopHH 
vh Hapoj^t, Gi KaacAiiM'L ji,Keui> ji,dJoin,fkTO bgo hobuo h hobuo 
pocxBH*^... AajEie ysasfiiBaexGA, qxo ^jea npaBHJiBHaro paBBHxm npo- 
MuinjieHHOGXH H ynHpoxBopeHiH HaGOJieHiH Heo6xoAHMa paBHonpaB- 
HocxB nepeA'B BaKOHOifb BGixi h Kas;(aro; neiipHROGHOBeHHOGXB 



12 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

JIH^HOCTH H sHjiHn^a, npBBO opraHHsai^iH pafio^HXi b% oodbu ;^ii 
oaMODOMon^H H san^HTBi HHTepeooBi; eBo6oAa cjioBa h ne^axH ^a 
BBiflCHeHiii Bysffi pa6oqHxi h hxi HHTepecoBi h Aia yjij^meHifl 
BXi 6iiTa H nojoaceHiB; a Boe bto bobmosho aps y^acTiH npej^cxa- 
BHTOjiefl Boixi KJiaccoBi HBoejieHiA, vb TOMi ^noji4^ pa6o^Hxi x 
npeAnpHHHtfaTejiefl bi Bupa6oTK4^ saKOHOAaTejiBHHxi BopifL. 

IIO MH^Hil) SeJliSOSaBOAHEKOBl, BfiipaSeHHOKJ B% SanHCKii CO- 

Bin^aiejiLHofl KOHTopu Hxi, ^HacTOBii^iA pa6o^iA BOjiHeHijry xota h 

nOCTpoeHBI Ha dBOHOllH^eOKOfl nOHBi, B'E TO Se BpOMJI flBJIADTCfl 

RpynHUMi noJiHTH^eoKHM'E ABHSOHieirb, cBBsaHHUMi (yh o6mflWb 
HacTpoeHieMi pyccsaro o6[aecTBa. JI^BHseHie 8to yae a&bho no^^ro- 

TOBJIHJIOCb CBMOfi SH8HBID H Cyil^eCTBeHHOfi n0Tpe6H0CTIi]D^ EXOSOH- 

Hofl Bi oaMyx) npHpo^y ^ejioB^^Ka, — 6jji,h ohi npocTox^AHHi bxh 

JJIBOpBHEHl, — ;i;o6HBaTBGfl OBO6OAU HXH OTKpUTarO BBipaSOHiH CBOHXl 

Mucxefi nyreMi cxoBa h ne^aTH bi co6paHiAxi h hb cxowa^'^ 

eAHHOMUmXeHHEKOBl, HJIH JIHIJCb, ROTOpUXl CBEBHBaeTE o6TnjA HH- 

Tepeci.* 

B'E noTBOJiaHiflxi npoMunuieHHUXt rxbocob^ o6pain;aeTx bhemb- 
Hie, Mes^y npo^HMi, to, ?to ajie hexi He nponaxi ypoK's 3anaA- 
HoS EBponu. Bci oee yKasKTBanrb fle toxbro na Heo6xoAEMOCTB 

npeAGTaBETOXBCTBa CBOEX'b G06GTBeHH]aXl EHTepecoBi Bl SaBOHO- 
ABTeXBHOfi A^flTeXBHOGTE, HO E HpeACTaBHTeXLCTBa EHxepecoBi 

pa6oqHXi» KxaGCOBi e BpecTBaHCTBa, BHaa na npEMtpi 3anaA- 
Hofi EBpoBBi, ?T0 ycTpaEeHie oti npe^cTaBHTexiiGTBa HHxepe- 
coBi) TpyffEmarocE KxacGa Be^erb r'l coj^iaxbBofl posHE e rpoBsn 
coAiaxBHBiME HeypEji;EiiaMfl, tslkl rbb's toxbro egteheeime npoACTa- 
BHTOXAME EHTepeGOBi ftaHHaro Rxacca MoryrB Gbitb EGRxn^HTexBHO 
jEina, HpEHaji;xesaii(iE k% HOMy, exe t^, botopme, no j6^7Kff,eBW 
8Toro Rxacca, bdoxh^ npoEEKHyTU ero EHTepecaME h coBEaTOXBHO 

nOHEMBIOTl EXl. 

Mu BEA^XE, ?T0 npej^CTaBETexE BeMxe^ixiA e npoHunixeHHuS 

KXaGCB CXO^ETGE Bl GBOEXl MH^HiBXl OTHOCETeXBHO TiXl Cpe^CTB'B, 

ROTopufl MoryTi BUBecTE GTpany ebi tofo BpETE^ecRaro noxoseHix, 
Bi EBBoe OEa noGTaBxena 6K)poBpaTflHecREM'B peacEMOM'B, npsBe^- 
mEMi R'L xoBflficTBeHHOMy E BoeHHOxy norpoMy. duo y6tacA^Hie 

paBA'^XEOTl RXBGCl $a6pHqH0-8aB0Ji;GREX'B paSo^EXl, BBRl 9T0 BE^HO 

EBi neTEuiE neTep6yprcBflX'B pa6oHEX'B. «He otrbse bi hohoh^h 
TBoeMy Hapofl;y, — npocaTi ohe ToGy^apE, — BiiBeOT ero ebi mo- 
rEXU 6e3DpaBiE, HEB^eTu e HeB'^secTBa, ;ii;afl eiiy bobmoshogtb 
GBKOMy BepmETB cy^Bfiy cbok), c6pocB ci Hero HeBUHOGEicuS 

TEerB HEHOBHEROB'B. PaBpyiEB GT^Sy MeSAy T06ofi H TBOEH'B 

napoAOMiy fl nycTB ohi npaBHTi GTpaEofl bm^gtIi gi to6ok)... Poo- 

CiE GXEmROlfB BeXERBy KJXjm OB CXEHIROICI llHOr006pa8HU E MEOrO- 

HEcxeHEu, qTo6H OAHH ^EHOBHEBE HorxE ynpaBXETB ex). Heo6xO' 
fffljco, <[to6h gbjcb HapoAi noMoraxi Te6i, b^^b eiiy toxbro e hb- 
BicTHH ECTEHHBiE oro EjMS,u... IIoBexE HeMeAxeHHo, cefl^aci se 



HAHIB OBH^BCTBBHHOB flPOBFaq^HIB. 13 

upHaeaTB npe^^cxaBHTejiefl sokjih pyocRofi on Bcixi KJiaccoBi; orb 
Bcixi cocjiOBifl. nycTL TjTi CjjifiTL H KanflTajDtHCTi, H pa6o9ifl, H 

^HHOBEHsiy H CBfllllteHHHKl, H ^[[OKTOp'B, H yVHTOJIB, flyCTB BOiy 

KTO 6ii OHH HH 6fi[j[H, H86epyrL CBOHXi npeAGTaBHTej[efl... a jifin 
9T0T0 noBeiH, qTo6£i BBi6opBi Bi yqpe^HTejiiiHoe oo6paHie npoHoxo- 
AHXH npH ycjioBiH Bceo6a^efi, laflHofi h paBHofl nojijBmi rojiocoBi'*. 
Sarbifb, BaBi seMJieBJiaAi^ui^H h npoMunijieHHHSH, ohh sexaiOTE 
OBoCoffu H HenpHBOCHOBeHHOCTH JEH^HOcTn, OB060AU cxoBa, ne^aTH, 
co6paHift, OB060AU cob4^cth. 

KpeoTBJiHOTBO, r^i npe^cTaBxiieTOff ki TOny bobmoshoctb, — ^a 

308M02KH0CTH-TO 8T0fl J^SL HOrO CJIHrnKOMl UaJIO, — TO^HO TaBSCe OpH- 

ooej^BHAeica ki bthmi o6ii^emi nosejEanijiMi h TpedoBaHijuci. 
Ri cosajiftHiH), KaEi pasi BpecisflHOTBO Handojiie HefitaBecTBeHHo, 
HaH6ojiie 6e8npaBHO, * no caMoicy xapaKiepy OBoefi xosjiflcTBeHHofi 
AtorexBHOGTH h no CBoeicy b% MaTepiaxBHOJCi OTHomeHin yxy^- 
maDB^eicycji noxoseniH) HMten HaHMenie bobmoshocth hohjitb 
OHuoxi BOBpyn nero npoHcxoAflistaro h npoHBBTB i(ijiecoo6pa8HyK> 
o6]i^eoTBeHHy]D HHHi^aTHBy jifis. npoTHBOA^flcTBiA He6xaronpiATB£iM'B 
jpfl Hero xosflftcTBeHHum h o6]i](eGTBeHniim ycxoBiAMi. Ho, He 
OMOTpA Ha Bc4^ 8TH He6xaronpij[THHH j^jQui Hero yGxoBis, h oho, BaKi 
MH yase bha^^xh, na^HHaeTi GOBnaBaiB, r^i na^o HGsaTB npH^nny 
ero paoTyifiieft 6i^AH0CTH x tto hb^o ca^xbtb ji,xsl ea yGipaneHix. — 
TaffB Kasi pimHTexBHO bo4^ o6n^eGTBeHH£ie cxoh h npo^eGGin ^ys- 

GTByDTB Ha Ge6i rHeiTB 6K)pOKpaTiH H HeBOBXOaSHOGTB 06H^eGTBeH- 

Haro pasBHTiH npH noAaBxeniH xh^hoA h o6H^eGTBeHHofl HHH^iaTHBlI, 
TO Bct OHH npH BcxBOMi jjifiCRowb Gxyvai^ BBipasanTB Tt se no- 
asexaHix h Tpe6oBaHui. 

Hbi Boero 8Toro bhaho, ^to o6ii^ecTBeHHaH cpe^a HacTOxn^aro 
spexeHH coBepmeHHo nenoxosa xa ofi^eoTBeHHyi) cpe^y, Kasox) 
ona 6Bixa nxTBAeoxTX x4^rB TOHy HaBa^i. B'b to Bpeiix KpKMOKaii 
Boflna noKa8axa neGooTBtooTBie BpinocTHH^eoTBa TpeSoBanixMi 
BUGOKO pasBHTaro npoMumxeHHaro OTpox. Oxa noEasaxa, hto Bxa- 
A^Hie H paGnopxseHie xHi^aHH, saxi se^aMH, A^i^opaxHSHpyerB 
caxExi BxaAixBi^eBi, npnHHsaerB xh^hogtb, MimaeTi pasBXTix) 
npoHSBOAHTexBHEixi cHxi, HO, rxaBHUMi o6pa80M'B, npenxTCTByen 

pa8BHTilO 06lI^eGTBeHH0GTH, qyBGTBy 06n^eGTBeHH0fl GOXH^apHOCTH. 

Bi Kpi^noGTHOifB npast BH;i;ixH caicoe oyn^eGTBeHHoe npenxTGiBie 
pasBHTiK) upoMJUinxeHHUx'B GHxi, yMGTBeHHaro H HpaBGTBeHHaro 
nporpecca. 9to nyHSTi^ hb xoTopoMi gxo^hxhgb^ xpoicb xptaocT- 

HHKOBB, MH^Hia BCtXl. IIOJ^ HaQOpOMl HGTOpHqeCBOfi Heo6xOAH- 

HOGTH OHo naxo. Ha ero pasBaxHHax'B na^o 6uxo gosabtb hobbix 
o6iii;ecTBeHHO-xo8flficTBeHHHH OTHomeHix, KOTopux ;ii;xx CBoero pas- 
BHTix Tpe6oBaxH CB060AH caMOoapeA^xeHifl, HapoAxaro npeAGTaBx- 
TexBCTBa BB saKOHO^aTexBHofi A^xTexBHOGTH, o6e8aeqeHiH sbeoho- 
M^pnaro GBo6oAHaro passHTia odn^eGTBeHHHXB ghxb. Ho bb anoxy^ 
HenocpeAGTBeHHO opeAxiecTBOBaBniyK) na^eHiiD xpinoGTHH^ecTBa h 



14 PyOOEOB BOrATOTfiO. 

ciiAOBaBmyK) sa hok), eniie He c^opvHpOBajiHOB o6iiiecTBeHHHe 
KJOESGCiii, KOTopue, KaRi KJiaocju, HyBCTBOBaiH 6iT opraHHqeGsyK) He 
o6xoj];hmoctb oTCTaflsaTB OBo6oAy caMooHpe^^JieHiH. Maio Toro. 
IIpeAcraBHTejiH o6ii^eGTBeHHofl hbicjih, BMiA nepejTB rjiaaauH sajieBO 
HecoBepmeHUoe bi to speiiA npeACTasHTejiBCTBO bi 3aQaji;Hofi 
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HAniB OBIZqiOTfiBHHOl UPv^BySAEHlE. 21 

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22 PyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

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KOOHJIBH. 23 

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8A'6cL jiK);i(&MH, — ^^^JiaeTOH Tasi ce6i, cnycTx pyKasa. 6e8i bchkoA 
TB^axejiLHOGTH. HMTjijb BO saiftTHO cTpeicjieBiA EaKi-HH6yj^i> cKpa- 

CHTB OBOD SH8HB, — HH BbDIUarOCfl nj[K)II(a HJIR BBHOrpaffa, HE OBi^- 

Tjiofl BecejieflBKofl 6eciABH bo ffBopi. Aase nonaAannpecu Roe-rAi 
spacHHO SHpnH^HHe j^OMHKB Gi cTeKJiflHHuifH rauepeBMH H aejieHiiiMH 
KpHmaMH — He Bi cgjraxi ogbIshtIi h ocBixjiHTB o6iz^yi) KapTHsy 
cipooTH. Ctpo Bce,— nocrpoflsH, jJiEHhi, judah, ;^ase paGTyI^iJ[ soe- 
rffi BOdJit ffOMOBi asai^iH h ochhu... Ha BGeMi o^Ha neqaiB... 

Ho Bl dTOMl CtpOMl GCJli, Ha BTOMl CtpOMl $0Ht npOHCXO^Tl 

noA^aGi JipKifl ci^eHu. BusajiH yse cjyHan, mio jfiio j^oxo^hjio 

AO RpOBE... 

MBuft Bepen — 6ojiiiHoe icicTO ajih Ha^ajibGTBa. Ri ero G^acriK), 
KasaKH BGer^^a no;i^ pyKoio. He nojiaranGB sa nojiHi^efiGKaro ypjiA- 
HHEB, OHO yace bobjioshjio noj^epacaHie nopflAsa bi stomi 6e8no- 
KofiHOMi Gejrt Ha axaMaea Goc^AHeft GTaHHj^fii npaBo6epe8Hofl... 

HpHCMOTpi^TLGH Ki» o6u?Hofl acHSHH Bi JL^BOwh Bepert 6yAeTi 
He JiHHiHe, — He jiHrnne j^ase TenepB h, tcoseTi 6hLTh, bi ooo6eH< 
BOOTH TeaepB, Borxa EpoBB Bes^t jibotgh h sorAa KasaEH noBOK)Ay 
yse HBJXHDTCH rJiaBHoio OHopoD ^nopHAKa"... H h hosbojih) Ge6i 
nepeffaTB HtcBOJiBso cj^eni, sanHGaHHux'B npHHO c% naxypu. 



I. 

Bhji iDHB M'bcHi^'B. Cy66oTa — saHyHi naeMSH. 3HoflHoe Kan- 
xascKoe GOjiHqe gkjiohhjiogb ki BanaAy* npoHHsuBan sojiothctuhh 
KOGHMH jiyqajiH ryoTofl Tynani owih, npeGUH^aBmeft BosAyxi. JI,ymHO. 
HuJiB 8a6HBajiaGB BCJOAy^ ^e AaBajEa A^maTB. A bi aiofl aTicoG^epi^ 

AyXOTKE H nUUIH, Ha JS,JaEEUX% BpUJIBI^aX'B laBOKl 0% saspuTEiMH 
ABepHMH H OBHaMH, — paGQOJOSHJIHOB ryOTBIH rpyHHU Jl¥>Jlfit. Ho 

HaKOHHBuieicycH Gopy, paanuMi sjio^bami, hjctumi na^KaMi otb 
HaxopKH H npoHHMi npR8HaRam BpeiceHHaro qejiOBi^qecBaro shjibh, 
BHAHO, vro 6a8ap'B cjiysHTB jcicTOM'B npe6uBaHiH MHornxi h mho- 

FHXl JIDAefi. 

9to Bce 6e8pa6oTHBie. Hxb — gothh. 

Oahh mrb HEXi oha^Jih, APyne JEesajiH. HtKOTopue kobbiphjihob, 
HamHBaH 8aHJ[aTu Ha pnanoe njiaTBe h o6yBB. HonaAajiHGB cpeAH 
Mys^HHi 6a6ii, ~ rpH8H£iH, yGTajQiH, 01 8aropiJ[£iMH JiHi^aMH, ne- 

KpaOHBUH. BhJIH JS^iTEj — it SO 6a6ii H MySHSH Bi HHHiaTDpi. Ha 

Boem neqaTB CKopdn, njxjm h jiHineHifl... 

A Bi HHKi noAXOAHJiH Boe HOBue xaue se juoah, yoxajiue h 

HSHOSAeHHUe, 01 8anUJieHHHMH JiaHTHHH H Bl JBEOXMOTBJCn; CHHHaJIH 



24 P70GS0E BOPATCTBO. 

01 ce6a Homfl h pacaojiarajiHCb osojio jasoK'E, BuSflpaii cBo6oAH£ia 

nijiH OHH cK);^a Ki saBTpamHefl HaejiEt. 
Haensa... Csoje^ko yse pasi ona ofiMBHUBBJia osH;i;afliB bthxi 
jiK)Aefl!.. 

Ta6op'E Bce rycrijn h jBejoLHqHBajoLCB; cBOpo hb spujiLi^i^ yse 

He OKBdUBBJIOGB CB060AH£IX'E JA^CTh, B JLJOJSfi BCe HOAXOAHJE, BCe 

TBKie SO) — saropijiue, cor6eHHue, HSMonajieHHue... 

Pa6o^ie MOJOi^aaH hjih thxo neperosapHBajiHCB MesAy coooid. 

TOJIbBO Bl OAHOM!b JliiCTt, B03J[i^ OpBTOpB, GOSpBJQiaCIi KJIBB HapO^y. 

OpaTopcTBOBBJH He6ojiLinoro pocia Epyrjoiui xoxojoli, ci& KpyrjiuMi 
aaroptjiBiBCE jihaomi, ibki qio oho bbsbjiocb coBepmeHHO KopH^- 

HeSUMli. 

— Otl k fl saisy, — secTHKyjoLEpoBau OH!b pysaMH. Bci cyciaBu, 
MycKyjiBi^ HepBBi npHHHinajiH y^acTie B!b ero pi^H. — Hami, Easy, 
Tpe6B no HHBTopa, a tu A&emL py6i ch ^exBepTbio. A bIhi: bu 
He po6ujiu[ o^Horo ahb. .SIk'l ho po6ujiu[? Mu i^ijui Tuas^ieHB po- 
Cujiu!— y noHe^ijiOK'E, Base, nepaHO Bufimjiu hb pa6oTy, y bIbto- 
poBi 6yji'E A0II1.1, y nLBTBHAio nepeisAacajuBi hb ffpyrufl aaroHi, — 
nlBAHB nporyjifljiu... — A bim xyii npuquHOD? AaBafi padoxii, — 6y- 
jsfiwb po6utl!.. 

— Hy, ffa, — OAoSpHTejiBHO 8a^y;^*JrH co Bcixt cTopoHX. — JI^aBafiTe 
pa6oTy, — 6yja;eM!E pa6oTaTL. 

— TaEse fl a Easy. Tbei — ^e! H pysaMU, ft HoraMu! EBiHyBi 
rpomH, — jiXJLiTh, Eaace, akt> SHaeTe!.. Mh, 6yjio, ne 6paTL... 

— ShBMO UfijLO, EBEl SB 6paTL? — 0ff06pHTeJII>H0 TJfllhAE CO BCtXl 
CTOpOHl. — OfiCHHTHBaeTX, H 6paTt? 

BcB nepHBH rpynna saEOJUxajiaoB h saABBrajiaoB bi xeMHOxt; 
BHAHO 611J10, qio pasroBopi saxpoHyjii 6ojiLHoe m^cto. Oahobpb- 
MOHBO roBopnjiH Bci. Tojina pasdnjiacB hb MejiEiB rpynnu. 

— He CJliffOBBJIO 6h 6paTL! — HBCTOflOBO rOBOpHJIH Bl OJlflOi 
CTOpOH*. 

— He 6yHTyeMX — CBoe xpefiyeM^! — cjihiebjiocl ci Apyrofl. 
Hy^e Bcixi ropa^HjicB xoxojei: 

— A ay — TpoHt! TpoHB, Eajsy, TpoHt! 

Ohi BH3BiBaion^e HacTynajn hb codeciAHHEOBi. 

— TpoHt! 

Bce EopnqHeBoe jihi^o ero nepeAeprHBaiocL, qepHHe rjiasa 

HCEpflJIHCB. 

— TpoHb! 

— A-a, TO TO, — no6t^OHOCHO coctbbhjii obi mnpoEO pascTBB- 
JieHHUB 6ujL0y ji,JiK paBHOBiciB, hofh. — BoBCCB? Hexaft 6u tIjibso 
TpoHyB'B, MU 61 BMy ji,euLU... TaMi TBEi 6yjiii xjioniu... 

KpyroMi OHBTB o;^o6pHTeJlBHo ry^iJiH: 

— Bhtb-to HHH^e yjEi nt-irB... 

— niajIH-HIDB... 



KOOHJIKH. 25 

— npomjio TO Bpeiifl... 

— tfHHJJIO... 

— He naHOKie... 

Tpjanu paoxoAHJHCb bi TeacHOTi. Hai oABofi, orsyAa-TO H3;^a- 
lesa, cjiuinajiooL: 

7- H Tasi no^TH aa^apMa pa6oTaeinB, — h^ti, Maio. Hemxo 
^exBepxaKi A^flBiB? Py6anifiH 6ojii>me crHiex'L, ^tMi na ^eTBepxaKi. 
A owh J xe6ji H ero OTflHiiaexi... 

— Ha Bcem Bu6HBa»xi, — cjiumajiocb xaM!b me, xojibKo Hi- 
CKOJiBSo AAJiBine oxi spujiBaa. — Xapii... Jin paaBt axo xapqi? 

— Yx'h 8X0 Bes^t. 

— Htxi, He BesA'l^. Mu y KaaflxoaoBun pa6oxajiH, — rpiniHO 
csasaxB... 

— TojiBKo fii y KanHTOHOBHXi.. 

— y HexpHmeHKa hhtopo. 

— Ay Kysfleiia — He ^a* Bon... 

— y CeMeHHHSHHa xoate... 

— y GeMeHHHBHHa tojibbo GOJioHHHa ch ^epBAMH, a ocxajiBHoe 
Habere. 

— A 6opn^i He e% axofl cojioHHHoft? HaBBTJOLasHX'B nsi nes, — 
xasx H njiasaioxi CBepxy, 6i-tjQ[Bie... Hpfl^o ci& AymH npexB... 

— Co6asi A&fl — co6asa B86tcHxoH. 

— Co6aK'B — OBH x4xi jiyqme BopMaxi... 

— A xu Ayit&eniB, xu Ajut hhxi ^opose co6a£H? CoSasa ero 
Ao6po KapayjiHxi, a thl nojiy^njii pasc^exi h yHiejii. Tojebko xefin 

H BHJ^ftjIH. 

— Bce-acB xasH h qejiOBisi. 

— ^e-jio-Bft-ifi'B..! 

— Toate... 

— TyAH-ai.,. 

FopHqiS pasroBopi aocxenenHO nepexoffHJOL'B wh ycxajiufl, aaa- 
XH^HBifl; BciMH HesaMtxao OBJiaA^^aajio xHsejioe qyaoxBO xocbh h 
8a6pomeHHOcxH. MflHyxu xjiHyjoLHCB... TnseoxB AftBHJia. 

— Tocno;^, — He Buneci oahhi, — h axo shshbV Hh npasAHHsa 
xefid^, HH paAocxH... SaacerAa, sasi co6aKa, roJiOffHui... 

BoHJiB oxqaHHiH nepexo^HJii bi sajio6y... 

— Hy-y, sacHyjiHJii...— cepffHxo oxossajEOH ji,p jroA.,. — He cjh- 
xaiH... 

Toxi Bce huji:e. 

— Aa flepecxaHB tu, qopxil Besi xete xomao!.. 

— A Tju snaemB qxo? — no^xBaTHjn^ BuooKifi, HacMimjiHBiift ro- 
Jioci: — Tu Bi rocxBHHi^y. Taxi xe6i qaesi, caxapoBi... ?ero Bamefl 
Aynii yroAHO... 

— Ara^ — noAXBaxHJi'B en^e oahhi, coBciHi secejiufi: — Taxi HJia 
Bamefl hhxocth Boe npHroxoBJOLeno. noacajiyflxe! Ha xapejiouil.. 

— H c:e caji^exo^Koft, — Ao6aBHJ0['B Buoosift TeHop!B. 



I 



26 P700BOB BOrATOTfiO. 

noojuimajjcji CMixi, cHa^aJia THatejuft, ci 60JII1I0, ho noxoMi 
GTaHOBHJicA Bce Beoojiie. Tojina nepeMorja ce6A. Bci octphjih na- 
]iepe6oft Apyri nepej^i spyrOMi, h npH KaacAofi ociport, 6y;^B to 
Aase coBGiMi He ocipoTa, — cypoBUJi, 6opoAaTUfl iHiKa 0CBJ[a6j[HBa- 
jiHGL Bi CBi^TJiyio 7Jiu6sy. 

— Th, aiOTpH, caji$eTKy Ha ony^H-To ne yspa^B... 

— A Ha soft 6ocoMy ony^H? 

— Fo-ro-ro!.. — roroTajio spujimo. — Hto: ajiL sa acHBoe buijio? 
Ta-asi. 

Co Boixi OTopoHi nyn^e nocunajiHCB ocTpoxu. 

HajioBaBmiftcA CHanajio cep^HTO orpusaiOH, ho, bh^, ^to cepA- 
aeifB HH^ero ho no^tjiaeniB, — saMOJi^iaji'L h oxajii yKJia^i^uBaTBOff 
Kexjij AByMH 6opoAaTiiMH MysHsainH. 

— Ara, boxx BaM!b h nooxejiL, — ciiiAjicfl ojime'l hsi hhxi. 

— Hjioxflo noyKHHaJii, — no^XBaxHJii J^py^ofl, — xenepb na Mar- 
Kofi KpoBaxH... 

-- A saBxpa, Eropi, ^hcxbia nopxAHsn o6yemB... 

— Tu, MOXpH, HOPH-XO HaDepe^l BUMOft. 

Eropi, spHxxji H Bce en^e cep^flCB, HHsas'L ho mopi npnuo- 
cxHXBCH Ha TOJLUTh j^ocsaxx. JI^ogbh 0X1 AOJirofi cymsH pasomjiHCB h 

nOBOpo6HJ[HOB, H 6UJLE HOXOSH Ha SeJI06a 01 npHnO^HflXUMH EpaJTMH, 

H, KaR!b Eropi HE npHjiaasHBajicH, ocxpufi Kpaft npHxo^HJicji eny 
npHMO Ki pe6py. Ob% KpnxxtJi'B h BopoqajiGH. 

— ^10,— ajjb HJioxo nepe6HJiH nepHHy? 

— Byfl;exx yaci Basil! — ooBcitti pasGopAHJica Eropi. Birojioct 
ero cjiBiniajiHGB GJiesBi. Jl^pyroS py66ii('b HeGxepnHino pt8aj[!b OHy ko- 
cxpea!b,— He noMorajia juase seoxKan CBHxa^ Koxopyio ohi, bi EOHi;t 
soHi^OBi, BBiHyBi HS'B-no/^'E fOJiOBu, Ho/^ocxjiajii no;^'B oe6H. 

Majio HO Majiy CMtxi h pasroBopn saxnxjiH, — obojio JiaBOB'b 
Boe norpysHjiocB bi rjiy6oBift coHi. 

CnajdH jLJojifl B!b caMuxi pasHOofipasHiix'E nosaxi: xoxi JiHn.on'E 
BBepx'B, mnposo paoEHHyBi hoph h sajiosHBi sa rojiOBy pyKH; ji,pj' 
roS — yxKHyBHiHGB jiHi^OMi wh 6epMHpy HJiH noAJiosHBi uo^% Hero 
pysH. Mesc^y Mys^HHainH cnajiH senni^HHii, xo«e bi caMuxi pas- 
HOo6pa3HB[X'B nosaxi, xoxh h ho xaKHXi bojibbbixi. Bosjii^ mhophxi 

HSl HEXl cnajEH ^i^XH. 

OnajiH jiioAH noA'B bc^mh MHoro^HCJieHHUMH jaBo^KaMH h J[a6a- 
saMH 6a8apa, BMj^BHHyBmarocH na Kpafi cejia ki piK^. Kasj^Bift 
cxapajiGH Bu6paxB oe6t Mioxe^RO noyspoMHifi. Ho yKpoMHuxi 
Hicxi ^H Boi^xi He xBaxHjio. ^exBopo cnajiE na pa3o6paHHoft ao 
HOJEOBHHii H pasBopo^aHHoft cBopxy casoHH He XO ffpOBl, He xo 
sep^efiy BapoxoBjieHHux-B a^h npo^ajKE. A en^e i^ijiaA apxejiB, ^e- 
jiOBtsi Bx xea^i^axB, cnajia npHMO na pojiofl sqkjA, Bu6paBrB Mi- 
cxo, PAi noMeHBme hbijih. 

A Hi^i BciMi BXHMi cxofljia xHxaH H xoMHaH jiiiXHflH saBKas- 

OKaH HO^B. 



BOCHJIKH. 27 

H, sacunaA, set sth jidah ii^ynajiHi Kasajiocb, oji^ho: ,8aBTpa — 
HaevBa"... 

II. 

Oi paHHJiro yipa rycxuA TOJinu Hapo^^a sanpy^HJiH Bci jjehi^h 
s nepeyjiEH 6a8apa Meawy jiaSasaMH h niHposyK) 6a8apHyio njio- 
n^a^B, AO caMoft pftSH; h bca STa cnjomHafl HapoAHaa Maooa ^bh- 
rajiacL h meBejiHJiacii. Oahh nuH bi o;^Hy CTopoHy, ^pyrie — b% 
Apyryx), xpeTLH — mHpoKHMH spyraifH ctoajih Ha HiiCT^. 

Fyjii QTosjTb Ha^i njioimaii^Lio h ooo6eHHo MesAy JiadasatfH, r^i 
BOAOBopoTi 611JII ryn^e h Koryqifi. 

He CHOTpji Ha paHHifl ^aci h na to o6cTOHTejiBCTBo, ^to hh 
TpasTHpu, HH HOHonojiiH en^e He oispuBajiH ToproBJiK), — noaaAa- 
jucB n&HHBie. Ho hxi Sujio Majio. Bi o6H^eiii nyCjEHsa Hxtja 
creneHHufl h cepbesHufi bha^Bi h — saBHAi^Bi HBHHaro — CToponHJiacb. 

HaeMBH en^e ne 6ujio. Ona o6jbiRHOBeHHo Ha^HHaeTCH noojit 
o6%AA» Kor^a pa6oHie, HCTOMBBinHCL osHAaHiem h pojioaomi, cxa- 
HOBHTCH ycTya^HB^fi. 

CojiHi^e yse hoahhjiocii h srjio; CTaHOBHJiooi» jijmEO otb atapu 
H noAHHTofi nujiH. BpeMH 6yAT0 ne mjio. Pa6oqie tomhjihcl h 6e8- 
i^ijiBHO cjiohhjihcb no 6a8apy; xot^jiocb icTB, OAOJiisajia cjia6ocTL. 
Yse H oOiA'B aabho npomeJiBy a HaeMKH see He 6ujio. IIpaBAa, 

KOe-BTO HBl MiCTHUXl SaiBHTOiIHUX'B BpOCTBHH'B HaHHMaJH HO 

MejiOHH, no TpH, no hath, no boolmh ^ejiOBisi, ho bto HHKaKoro 
BneqaxjiftHiH He npoHSBOAHJio: axo 6hjlo Bce pasHO, ^xo ^epnaxb 
KOBmeMi HBi^ MopH. FjiaBfiue HaeMH],HKH 6ujiH BKononiH, a hsx aso- 

HOHift HHSTO He Upi^dWBLR'h. 

Pa6oqie, syn qepcxBUH sopsH xji6a, Bce nocMaxpHBajiH na 
cojiHi^e, Ha cipufl Maccu xasHXB se, KaKi. b ohh, pa6oqHX'E, ko- 
nomHBHiHXCH Bx rycTOMi xyMaHi^ hujih, na jiaBEH h jiadasii, no^'B 
KoxopuMH, Bi xiHH, Toso cHA^JtH ^epHUH iiacou paSo^Hxi. Ha 
Bcftxi jiHi^axB ^BxajiHCB yoxajiocTB H 6e8noEoflcxBo: neysejiH 
He 6yAeTi? Xotb 6u yati cBoptft... Ho est> aEonoMlfi hhkxo ne 
npift83Kaj[i. 

A cojiHi^e, MesB^y xiMi, jrtjlo HecxepnnMO, sapa h ^yxoxa ycHjiH- 

BaJIHCB, JIIOAH BHJIO 6pOAHJ[H HO 6a8apy, H B(A 6UJIE Oi^pue, HCXOMJieH- 

Hue, CB rjiy6oso BnaBHiHMH yoxajiBTMH rjiasaifH. Pa36Hpaj[a hobu- 

HOCHKaH XOOKa... 

H, Kasi 6yAT0, ji^a xoro, hto6h nyn^e pasdepe^nxL jijmjy hsi 

XpaSTHpOBB AOHOCHJEOOB HOOTpoflHOe Hilnie H HLHHHe B08rjiaG£I. 

n^Hie BpeMenaMH xo ycHJEHBajocB, Epiajio, xo CHona bb 6e8CHjiiH 
HaAajio, nospuBaflCB nnjiHKaHLeii'b cephhkh. CspHnaiiB, bhahmo, ne 
sasi^qajn, ^0 OHB aaxBaxuBaexi ho xt cxpynu... 

HepBU B8BHHiiHBajiHCB, HOBupadHMaH 60JIB paspocxajiacB Bi jymi^. 
KasaJiocL, bch axa Macca JHo^efl, — h t^, qxo noioxB h nhvyrhy h xi, 



28 pyOCSOE BOfATOTBO. 

qTo ycTajro 6po^flrB no 6a8apy h CEjifiTh hoa'b jiaBRaiiH, n aas^ 
nHJiHKaioin;ifi bi a&apx'l^ cspHaa^i, — Bct ohh — mjxh, nonaBmifl b'b 
cibpyK), nujiBHji), pacTflHyTjK) bi yrjit oBHa nayiBHy. 

HepBHoe HanpjiseHie aoxoahjio ao spaSHOoTH, lepaibaie hcto- 
ii^ajiocB: yse cojiHi^e oKJioaajocb Bi dasaxy — a hhkto ho taajii. 

QhULh H AyXOTa A'^JOLaJIHCB HeBBIHOCHMUMH... 

— JIpiibxajoLi! Ilpitxajiil — nocjinmajiooB oioBcioAy, b bch cipaar 
Macca noTflflyjiacB bi oAHy cTopoHy. IIoT^ByjiBCL HsinoA^b JiaBOEi, 
j[a6a80Bi, OTi piKH, GO Boero 6epera; noTBHyjiBCii b nLBBue. 

Ha 6a3apt ooxaHOBBJiacB sptasafl xaiaBsa, sanpaseHHaA napoft 
Ao6piiixi BopoHux'L JiomaAeft bi aubijio. Bi Heft cba^jh bjoloxhuS 

rOCnOABHl, JL^Th 30y Cl RptDKHMl SarOptjlUMl JlHI^Oll'B, nOBHAH- 

MOMy — npBKaa^Bsi. OA'bxi ohi 6ujii bi qecyH^OByio napy. 

HapoAi noAXOAHJ[!b Bi 6pHqBt h cryn^ajicji. 

IIpBBaBqBB'E Bumejn, bsi dBHnasa. HapoA'B njioxHOfi Maocofto6- 
CTynHJH ere. Be* rjiaaa, 6opoAH, Jini^a — 6hjih ycxpeMJieHu bi ero 
cxopoHy. H xaBiji axn jiHAa 6ujifl Tjjifiia, apb^Jibia h HSMOSSAeBBBifl 
bo cpaBsefllK) ci axHui mioxHuicB, guxumi rocaoAHHOMi b'b qe- 
cynq*. 

— ^lo-ai, noftAeie bb aam? — oapocHJH toouoabbb. 

— Oxqero He nofliH... A bh oxi Boro? 
— PasBt Be BBaexe? Oxi GeiieHflHBHfla. 

— CBasuBanxi, y Baci xap^B njioxan... 

— Th npo xapqB ocxaBB, — ooxaBOBBJiH Apyrie. — Xap^B Besfft 
OABa, a x£i roBopB ji/kio: saBan pa6oxa? 

— ^ejiOBiBi ABBAmaxB naxaxB, a xo hojioxb noAcojiHyxB. 

— A OEOJIBEO B0*Xl-XO BBAO? 

— H^ejIOBiBl cxo. 

— A ^4Ha? 

— UfiBA — KaB!B y ApyrBXB. CaMH BBaexe. 

— noqeMB ace OAsaqe? 

— KaEi. y ApyrBxi... 

— Jta xKi roBopH, He xhhh. Hy? 

— BaBapBaa ^tBa. IlaxaxB — copoKi BonteBi, hojioxb — xpHA- 

I^aXB HflXB. 

— JtemeBO, BaB!B 6biaxo. 

— It^Ba HUB^e xaBBB. He uu, — 6aBap'B i^By BoxaBJueTB. 

— Snaiio A^jio. Tojibeo xu npH6aBB. Hemxo mosho sa xasyiD 
j^tBy? 

— He Mory. Jl|tjio nojiiD6oBHoe, xoqeniB — bah, Be xo^eniB — 
CBjiBOMB HHETO BO FOBBXi. JI^pypHxi HaftAeHi. HapoAy HBiHqe 
MHoro. 

HapoAy, A'bftcxBHxejiBHO, 6ujio mhofo. Obojio xjuoh^h qejioatoi 
ryoxoft juaccoft oficxynnjiH ero. 

— TaBi-xo xaB%, — roBopnjiH 6jiH3BaSBiie Bi Heny. — A xojibbo 
xu npnfiaBB. 



KOOHJIKV. 29 

— He Mory. 

Tjiasa y MysHKOBi 6ujm TeMHBie, BAyMqHBue. Bci^ BHHMaTejiBHO 
cjitAHjH 8a npHRas^sKOMi: xoTtJiocb 6bi h noj^opose, h oipamHO 
6u.io yoycTHTL. Kojie6aj[HCB... PyKH JitsjiH b% aaTBiJEOS'E, offBRraff 
^ypasKH Ha jio6i: 

— Hy, npB5aBL eme... naTa^eKi... 

— He Mory... 

— Hy, nRmH, — ^^mnjiaa o^hhi, bh^a, tto npHRas^HSi ctohti 

Sp^QKO Ha CBOeifE. 

— Hhidh. Mei HaxaTB. Haci ABtHa;z(itaTL qejiOBtsi. 

— Haci HHoiH. HaxaTL. BooeMb qeJiOB^Ki. 

— nnniH naci. Tose naxaxB, ripajuifikth ojuhhi... 

RpHqajiH CO Boixi cTopoHi. Bet jiHi^a, fiopo^u fiujiH npHHOA- 

HUTU, BCtn XOTbjIOGL SaHHOaTBGH. Bo BOiXl rJiaSaXX BH^Hi^JECH 

rojiOJii'B. 

— Haci nHmn! Haoil 

— He TOJinHTecL, yoa^exe, — roBopnjii npHsasqHRi, sanHCEiBas 
Bi naMflTHyi) SHRSsy ^aiiRjiiR sejiaK)n](RX'B. 

— He Bct pasoMx! Bcix'B BOSBMy, ycni^eTel 

Ohi BEjsfkz'h, ^TO nepe^ajEi JtRmnee: pa6oqie nomJH 6u Ha 
MeHLmyK) nJiaTy, h eny sajiKO 6ujio nepenjiaqeHHaro nflTaKa... 

— Haci HRinH! Hacil — naaRpajia, Mes^y Ti^Mi, TOJiDa. 
Bc%Mi xoTiiocL npo6paTB0A 6j[Hse Haaepe^'B. 

— He npfll — GBRpiao orjiRHyjicfl oahhti hsi nepeAHRXi, no^a- 
Ban TOJiHy Hasaj^. — Ey^a Ji'bseniB? 

— A TU OARHi xoqeniB 8apa6oTaTB? Hihb, BURCKajrcR Kanoft, — 
He xente CBRpi^HO otb^thjih eny. 

HpoHsoinAa i^aBKa. Sa^Hie naaRpajiR na nepe^HRXi; nepe^Hie 
HHTajiHCB cj^epsaTB Hanop%, ho ne mofjih, h bch TOJina, pasCypa- 
BJiHsaeHaH B^oSaBosi npodnpaDn^HinHOfl Bnepe^x ota^jebhbimh gh- 
laqaMH, ABnrajiaGB h KOJiuxajiaGB. 

— OSoa^RTe! He npn! — KpHqajii npRKaaqRK'B. 

ErO C]lfiLBEJkE CO BGiX'B GT0p0H*B H JlfiETAJLE TJJlfii H GlOiZ^a. 

— He npfi! A to HHKoro ne BOSBHy! 

— Haci sauHHiRl Haci! 

— Hhroto He BOBBMy! He na^^o MHi^! — pi^niHTeiBHO csasajTB 
npHKasqHBi. 

— KaBi? — ocTanoBRjiRCB nepe^Rie. Cothh napi rjiasi rghbi- 
TyioHie ycTpenHJiHCB na nero. 

— Tasi. Hrko^o He BOSBMy. 

— J[a TBi-acB HaHHJn! 

— HHKoro H He naHHmaji'B, — h rjiaaa ero 8a6trajiH. 

— KaKi He HaHHMajiii? Tbi-si Banncaji'B! 

— 9to HRqero ne anaqHTB, ne ycjioBie... XoqeniB — hj^h Bct no 
TpRKnaTB Koniiesi. 

Tojiaay cjioBHO, sanepjia h ciioTp'&jia Ha nero, nanpHiEeHHO nn^a 



30 P700KOB BOFATOTBO. 

cjiOBa. Ohi oMOTplijrL Ha TOJiny, h xajieHBKie rjiasKH ero 6traj!ff. 
Ohi BecB Bepii^jicA. YnopHufl Bsrjiflffi tojihu ero rHnHOXHSHpoBajn. 
npomjio HtcBOJiLBO HanpflseHHUxi eeKjnji,%. Tojina HOKajia cjioBa 
H He Haxo;^HJia. HanpHsenie poojio. 

— JI,a Tu myTHHib? — sEipasHJn kto-to mbicjib tojihu. 

— KaKiH myTRHl Xo^emB — h^h ho TpnAaaxH soni^eRi! Kto no 
TpHAiiaTL? — ^BURpHBHyjn npHsas^HBi, rjiflAfl ^epesi rojiOBU 6traio* 
ni^HHH rjiasaMH:— SaiiHGiiBaficfl! 

Tojdaa saKOjiuxajiacL. Bb 8Ty MHQjxy ona 6Mjia noxosa Ha bo- 
poHKy^ ci peBOMi saBepHyBmyiocH aa noBepxHOCTH Moryqefi, mho- 
roBOAHofi h MyTHoS 6ypoBfln^eficji pftKH. Boi JiHi^a, rjiasa ycTpenH- 
jtHGL K'h npHKaa^HRy, h bi vjlj6er1^ hxi 6uro ?to-to sjiOBtB^e. 

— TeTt! nycTHTt! HycTHTt Eene ji,o ero! — rphtojix, npo6H- 

pa«CL CRBOBB TOJiny, RpyrJHfl, ROpB^HeBKlfi XOXOJIli. — HyCTHTB! 

Ohi 6hjii yse BOSJii npHRas^HKa. 

— Tm HOMi Mini He fl;o;^aBx qeTBepiaRi? — saBepHyjn ohi ero 
RpinK&M'L cjiOBOMT.. — HoMi HO fl;o;naBi, rk? 

Kpyrjjoe, RopH^Hesoe jihi^o ero nepeAeprHsajiocB, rjiasa HORpn- 
JiHCL. Ofli jitsi Ri npHRasqHRy cb RyjiaRaMH: 

— ^oaii He fliO^aBx? 

— S. Te6a He sHaio, — oiB-feTHJii tott*, no;taBaacB HaaaAi. 
Ohi osHpajiGH, Rasi saxpaBJieHHuJl bojirb 

— A! He SHaenib? A TO^i xaRi 3HaBi>?.. 

BffpyrB o;i;ho jehi^o csaAa npHRaaiHRa CBHptno csaiocB, 3y6£i 

CTHCHyjIHCB, H CB 3ByK0Ml — T^! — BAOpOBOHHllB RyjiaRB CI CHJIOfi 

y^apHJii npHRa3?HRa bi meio. 

. TaRofi SByKB nsj^aiOTX i^poBOciRH h Ryanei^Ei^ Ror^a cb ocTep- 
BeH^HieMX 6biot'b TonopoMi hjih mojiotomb. 

njioTHHS npHRa3q[ERB Ra^Hyjicfl, RapxyBi cjiexijii ex pojiobu. 

MrHOseHHO xojiaa npnniJiaB'B ^pooxB... KpHRaaqHRB, RaRi rjeori 

c^Ha HJIH OBqHHBT, saBopxi^jicfl BB no^HflBmeiiiGfl oROJio Hero BHxpi. 

— Jl^ocxajioGB xaRH!.. — xojiROBajiH pa86peAaBmiecH ohhxb no 
6a8apy pa6oqie. — JKajB, hxo Majio... He ffajii, cyRHHi cbihi, Ayniy 
oxeecxH no nacxoHn^eMy... OinHJiB... 

OxHHJiB noj^ocn^Bmift ypHAHHRi. 3a HCRJuo^eHieM'B axoro hhi^h- 
AeHxa, BHecmaro HtRoxopoe osHBJieHie, — ^ohb npomejiB bhjio. HaeuRa 
mjia neoxHBJieHHO, HanHnajiH iiajio. 

CojEHi^e yse onycxEJOCB rb aaRaxy, 6pocafl ajihhhuh t^hh, oxb 

J[a6a30B'B H JiaBORB AO CaifOfi ptRH, H liiCTaMH irpOHB3lIBafl rocuhh 
30JI0XHCXUBfH Jiy^aME HBIJIBHBlfi H ffyniHUft BOBAyXl. TtHH CXaHOBH- 

jiHCB Bce AJiHHHie H AJ^HBHte. BoHi OHi nepe6pocHjiHCB repeal 
HemnpoRyH), oaxeHB bi bocohb, npoxo^Ry^ ox^'&JiHBmyDGA oxi rjiaB- 
Hofl pi^RH H o6pa30BaBniyK) ci neio njiocRift neonaHBifi ocxpoBB; bobi 
OHi jierjiH yise nonepoRi ocxpoBa, ORpamnBaa nonaBmyio b% hhx'b 
^aoxB ryoxoro jiosHHRa bb xeiiHoaeJieHufl, CBftsifi i^Bixi, h jioshhrs 



KOCHJISH. 31 

8Ton CJOBHO npHTaHJicfl, TOPAa sasi ocBtn^aenufi coJiHi^eMi 6us% 
dpufl H meBejiHJiGii orh ffuxaHiji Jiersaro pt^Horo stoepsa. J(a- 
jiie — T%HH nepe6pooHiHCB ^epesi rjiaBHoe pjcjio piKE, h BO;i^a, Ha 
cojiHi^i^ MjTHO-cbpaji, cTajia leifHoft, h He 6bijio san^THO eir 6u- 
cTparo xe^efliH. A na Toft cTopoHt — ryciux npH()pesHBifl Bep6ii 
Becejio KjnajiHCL bi bojiothgtuxi jiy^ax'B 8axoAHiii;aro cojiHi^a h, 

npOHflSaHHUH HHH, EaK'B 6lil Sa^EIXaJIHCB Bl OJiaAROfi HCTOMi... A 

en^e ffajAe^ sa Bep6aMH, — ropiJiH KpecTu ffBjxi i^epRBefl OTaHHi^u 
IIpaBo6epesHofl... 

PaacunaBiiiaHCfl no 6a8apy h no 6eper7 TOJina ne saiit^ajia 
3Toro KpacBBaro BH^a; ee Bce 6ojiBine h 6oiBnie oxBaTUBajio jhu- 
Hie: 6ojiBnie naeifKH ne 6j]SfiTh... Haffo s^aTB cjii^xyioiii^aro Bocspe- 
eeHBfl! 



III. 
OHOBa noTAHyjiHCB ahh 6e3pa6oTHi^u, — ffjiHEHue, CKy^Hue, to* 

MHTeJIBHIie. OhATL, KaEl HeA^JIK)^ KaSl ]lfi^, KaKl MtCHECB TOMy 

HasaAiy ocxajiHCB 6e8i pa6oTBi cothh h cothh jiio;^eS... A Mesj^y 
TtifL, pa6o^aji jiTHJiA nopa 6uj[a bi nojiHOxi pasrapi. niejii cii- 
Hosoci, nojisa noAcojiHyxoBi, naxoxa ^naposi"; no^xoAHia y6opsa 
xjit6a, H xosfleBa dHeprn^Ho totobbjihcb ki Hefi, — HcnpaBiHJiH y Koro 
6ujiH cxapufl ManiHHH, noKynajiH hobiui... Ojiobomi — BoopysajiHCB, 
ito6h[ cpasy, oahrmi y^apoMi noKOH^HTB cb y6opKoft. 

Pa6oHie, tjibjuh na bck) exy 6e3aoKoflHyio cyxojioKy, — HepBHH- 
^ajiH. Bi oco6eHHOGTH OHH cxpaniHjrHGB KOGHJiosi. BjiaroAaps hmi, 
Bi^, OHH OGxaDTCA 6631 pa6oTB[. J(o paGnpocxpaHeHiH kochjiok'b 
BecB GiHOKOOi Jiesajii na njieiaxi pa6oux'b; BocapB nojiy^ajii b% 
jSfiEh Ao nojiyxopa py6jia h fiojite; pa6oTH XHHyjiHCL AOJiro,--pa6o- 
^ifl KOFB 8apa6oxaTB h 8apa6aTEiBaji'B. KoGHJiKa oxHHJia axoxi sapa- 
60XOK1. IIpaB^a, xyxi He OAHaKOCHJiKa csasajiaGBoe gjeobo, a h xo 
o6cTOflxejiBcxBOy ^xo njiOH^a^B noffi GtHOEOGaun sna^HxejiBHO cospa- 
iHJiaoB npoxHBi npexHHFO. KpoMft xoro, c!b ynjioxHenieifB HaGeiemH 
npH6aBHjiocB ^hgjeo mIgxhuxi pa6o?HXi pysi. Tasi hjih nna^e, a 
KOcapB CTajEi nojiynaxB 50—55 Koni^eKi vk aohl, orpoHHan se 
Macca He naxoAHJia pa6oxu na kogobhi^ h ycxpeuHJiaGB na nojiKy 
noAcojiHyxoBi. Ho h no^cojiHyxH ne mofje saHHXB BGtxi> pysi, ne 
CHOxpn Ha TO; ?to noAeHHan njiaTa ynajia jif) 40, 30, 25 h A&sse 
20 s. B'B AOHB BspoGJOMy Mys^HHt. J(o KOCHJOKi y6opsa xecH- 
TEH£i x^t6a — CKOOHTB H CBHsaTB — GTOHJia 15, 18, 20 H jijB^e 25 py6. 
^Ilapa'' — socapB h BHsajiBHuma — nojryqaiH 5 h ji,hML» 7 py6. bi 
AeHB. Ci paonpooTpaHeHien kochjioki i^tna Gxajia naxaxB, — ynaia 
Ha 12, Ha 10, 8, 7, A^Ke 6 py6. sa AecaxHHy; „napa"— na 3, na 2 
H fjBLse Henfte 2 py6. vl jifiEh. 

— HeysJiH HejiBBH nanncaxB xasofi sasoHi, ?to6ii ne 6iuo so- 



32 pyccsoi BorATOTBO. 

CHjiOKi? — pascysAftJiH Hisoropue pa6o^e, ^yBCTByjr, tto koghjikk 

OKOH^aTeJIBHO BBlTtCHflDTE HXl. 

— Aa, sasoHiI — BoapasajiH^pyrie:— BasoHu, fipars, He ajia naci 
aHmyTCfl. HameMi 6paTi^ — lepHOMi Hapojii — hhkto He AymaeTL.. 
;; Jlo y6opBH xjii^6a ocxaBajiOGB Boero h^ckojilbo AHefl. HacTpoeme. 
paSoqHzi CTanoBHJiOGb Bce HepsHie. HsrojiosaBinieGJi, ohh mofjih 
8apa6oTaTB tojibko na y6opKt. IIoGJit y6opBH onjiTb He 6jjxfirh pa- 
6oTu, — noaTOiny ^a ebx% Gujio besho: 6yAerL hjih hb 6yAeTi 

— Ka6u He KOGHjiKa... 

COTHH, TBIGA^H JUOffeft TOJIBBO H AyifaJOEH, ^TO ROGHJIKaXl. 

CB^Tjioe JiiTflee yrpo. CojiHi^e enie ne bgjoahjeo. Ho^eBaBmie 
Ha 6a8apt 6e8pa6oTHue buhuth yiniBaTBGA si ptRt — h bh^hte: qi> 
Toft GTopoHu, HBi 8a p'l^KH, no^BHraeTGA orpoMHBift 06031 h npH 
HeMi qejioBiRi HOJiTopacTa napo^y. ^epHEi§, saaujieHHud, sanaq- 
KaHHuS, BTOTB Ta6opi-o6o8'B, saKi orpoMHoe qy^OBBn^e, nopi- 
raexGH Bnepeffi. FojiOBa ero yse BGiiojiaajia na mogthk'b qepeai 
npoTO^Ky, a xboctx, HeyBJinse H8rH6aHGi, TopajiGH a&Ji^bko Ha Tofi 
CTopoHii B% mnpoKoft nporajiHHt MeacAy Bep6aMH h ca^aMH ct. Ilpa- 
BoGepesHofi. Ha mhophxi noBoaBaxi BH^HtjiHGL KpaoHUA h seJTTUJi 
nojiHi^i KOCHJiOKi. 3a ApyrHVH noBOSKaMH rochjikh hijeh bi Go6paH- 
HOMi BHffi^, aiflH rpoanuMH 8y6i>infH. Oi myMOHi, aBOHOMi^ jsfe- 
6e33KaHi>eMX ABnrajiGH o6o8'k, TaRi ^to 8Ki6Rii mogti na rjiaBHofi 
pkKt, qaGTLK) Ha 6apRax'B, qaoTBio na csaHX'L, — ry^tjii h ^posajii. 

Pa6oqie OTopontjra: 

— Bh Ry^a? 

— CD^a, BX JItBLifi Bepen. 

— 3aqiMi? 

— XjA6% HanajiHCi roghtb y niaifSapoBa. 

— 'Bsasafi naaa;^! Hani caMHHi Tjrh A^jiaTB Heqero. CaMHio- 
jioj^aeMi. 

— A Haul RaRoe mtjio? Mu naHHJiHGB, sa^aTRy bbajih. 
Gjiobo aa cjiobo, nponaonua AP&Ka. Oxi jiafiaaoBi npH^isaJiB 

ente 6eapa6oTHue, oxBaTHJin Jtomaseft uojuh ya^i^u, xoajreBi roch- 
jiORX B% meio, wh APK>qRH h qt> 6oeMi npoBOAHJH aa mogti. 

— "B^saS, ^asafi! — RpHqajiH Ha Mocxy pa6oqie, noTpHoan Ryia- 
RaMH H ROJiBHMH Bi GTopoHy ROCEjiORi. — ^^aaRat, HORa Ji!k3Lul IIpo* 
BajiHBafil 

XoaneBa rochjor'b, — MysHRH GOGi^^Heft CxaBpoaojiBGRoft ry5ep- 
HiH, — bhii;a, qxo gi pa6oqHUH HHqero He noA^JiaeniB, BepnyjEEGB Ha- 
8a;^^, bi gt. npaBo6epeaKHyK)... 



J 



BOCHJISH. 8ft 



ly. 

Repeal HeiBeprii ^aca aTaxaHi^ ci noMOo^HHsoii^E h sasavaHir 
6uxE yjce Ha koctj. BobjA MOCTa, co OTopoHH oejieHur, ciojijia 
rpynna Hapo^a, ^vejioBftBi vh TpHAi^aTb. Bee 6ujio thxo h, Kasa- 
iocl; cnoBoflHO. ATaxaHi npoixajii np^MO K'b bojloothomj npaBJie- 
HUD, pa6o?ie BarjiflA&MH npoBOAHJiH ero. 

— Hto y Baci xyrE? — capocHJii ohi. 

— Ha^ero... — pacxepfljicx bojiocthoS ciapinHHa, poojiufl ^epHO- 
6opoABd noqTeHHEiJB iiysHn, b% hoboih ^epnom^ nnAsasl h Kap- 
Tya*. 

Ohi He^^aBHO BcryaHJii bi aojishoctl h en^e He yonln os 
Hex) osHaKOMHTLCH. ATanaHa se snajii sa »AOKy^ h A^jubi^a. 

— FOBOpHTl, KOCHJIKH. SasepHyjIH, — HaSOHei^'By OnpaBHJICH OHl. 

^laxH cK)Aa xjit6'B kochtb hbi JlaAOBEH, a hxi saBepHyjiH. 

— Kto saBepnyxi? 

— Kocapn. Jl^a h en^e h hb SHaK) xopomo... Ilomexi^ a Tyr^ 
HBHHuS 6yniyeTL^ lasi a Bdffxi ero bi aTani. 

— Gm^ETecB, not;i;eMx!— noABHHyxoH aTaiiani. 

CrapniHHa, — ^epHufl, BucoKifi, HeyKJDsift, — nojEisi vh dKHnasi. 

— S. npHsaaaxi saEpuTb Bcft nHTefiHUH saBeAeHin,— roBopHXi 
owby cai^flob. — A TO HaaiiDTCfl — 6tj(a. Tjti Tasofi my mi 6ujii... A 
sasi eii^e HaiiLbioTCJi, — coBci^Mi 6i^Aa Hapoffi — ne Jiaft Bon. 

ATanany mucxl o saspBiTiH nHxefiHux'B saaejiieHifl noHpaBHJiacB, 
H OHrb npHCoeffHHHXCA Ki Het. Ho saBpuTB 6hiJio He TaBi TO Jierxo. 
Bo^ saspuxH, HO KpacHBaji coj^epsaTeji&HHiia »rocTHHHHUH Poccia* 
HHBasi He xortjia sanHpaTB, ccujiajicii na to, ^to OHa naTe&rB 
nxaTHTi, AOXOA'B ^aerE Kaset h ^oitsHa ToproBaTB, qTo6£i OTKy^a- 
HH6yAB noaoJiHHTB cboh pacxo^^u. 

Ci nHTeflHiiMH saBeAefiiHMH cTapmHHa h aTanaHi hpobobbxhcl 
HO^H oKoxo ^acy h tojibko nocxi Bcero btofo npotxaxH na 

HOCTB. 

Bosxi HOOTa no npesHeify oxoHxa rpynna napo^^a. Bee 6iixo 

THXO, CnOKOfiHO. 

ATaMani Buxtai hbi BEHnasa. 

— Hto y Baci TyTi npoHSonixo? 

— Ha^ero. 

— Rasi HH^ero! A so mh^ npHmxH MysHEH, bg% H36HTiie... 

— IlycTB cH);^a ne tAyTi. 

— IloqeMy? 

— Tasi... IlycTB ne ftj^yTl — h Bce TyrB. 

— Ho nowHy ae? 

-— MU CaHH rOXO^HBie CHABBfB... 

— Ho npH ^eni se TyTi soghxsh? 

J* 7 OTKkjn. II. 3 



34 PyOOKOE BOrATGTBO 

— Ofit y Haci xjii6'h 0T6flBaK)Ti. 

Ki HepHoi rpynat jwAefi, cioiiniefl nepeA-B aTaMaHOMi, go Bcbxrb 

OTOpOHl OOAXOJ^HJIH BCe HOBBie JIH)AH. J[Hqa 6UJIH JI106onBJTH£I«, 

Boftm xoi^jiocL noojtymaTB, o ^bmi rouopflTi. IIo Mipi^ Toro, Kasi 
noAXOAHJiH djiHse, — -Tura yBejiH^HBaJiack, noAXOAHBmie ycKopAJiH 
maPE H cntmnjoLH ButmaTLCJi bi TOJiny. Tojina yBejiH^HBaiacb, h 
no Mtpt ea jBejiH^eHifl napocxajio HacxpoeHie. 

— Xopomo, — roBopHJii aTaMaHi, — ho bu ne Hufteie apasa sa- 
npen^MTL sony 611I to hh 6ujlo.r ^twh 6u to he 6ujio pa6oTaTi». 

— HiTi, HKieaii! Ohh — 6oraTue, xosaeBa, a y naci HiTi he- 
wro! 

— Ho rA'& se bu Hamju TaKoe npaBo? 

— FAt!.. Aa Mil TpE AHfl He ftjiEl 

Tojiaa Bce yBejiH^HBajiacB, HacxpoeHie napocTajro. Tojina npn- 
xoAHJia Bi B036y2EAeHie. 

— He Haji;o sochjeos'e! — ^Kpn^ajiH co Bcixi CTopoHi. — Hto6i ho 

6£IJI0l 

— yonoRoflTecL, rocooAa, — npoHdneci aTaMani. — Bbi hahto canH 
no ce6t, kochjesh noflAyn caMH no CQ&k. 

— He paaofiAOMCJi! HoKa bochjish He jijijrLy — ne pasofi^ieMCiil 
Tojina Bce pocjia. Tara paGnpoGTpaHHJ[ac& Ha orpoMHoe pas- 

CTOAHie. Rasi saBepTi^Bmificfl BHxpB BTHrHBaexi necoBi h BCHKift 
cop'B, TaKi> BOJiHyDH^aflCfl nepe^i aTaiiaHOMi TOJina eo Bctxi cxo- 
poMi TAHyjia SI ce6i i^tJiiifl iiaGCBi napo^a. JlK)ffH yse ho sijih, 
a 6tsajiH. BtsajEH Mys^HHu, acenm^HJu^ a'^th. JImjubl Bce AHsitf, 
B086yaweHH£i2[... 

— He Ha^o Han't kocbjiobiI ^.to&l ne 6£ijio! — Kpn^ajiH co 

BCftXl GXOpOHl... 

— Padofi^HxeoL, rocnoffa, ycnosoixecB! — yroBapHBajQ[!b axaifaHi.— 
S. He nyn^y koghjioki. A saBepny hxi ofipaTHO. 

— He f2aoiji,eiLcal %o6i ne 6uj[o! 

Tojina BH^^ijia, qxo na Mocxy, sa aTaxaHOMi, ctoajih MyacHKH, 
xoaaesa bochjiob'b. Ohh, KaKi 6£ijih, xasi h npHmJiH CD^a, ci 
KHyxaifH. TaMi se gxohjeh KaaaKH bi qepKecKaxi h npn maniEaxi. 
H 8x0 en^e 6ojLie BoaGys^aJio xojiny. 

— ^T06l He 6UJIO EOCHJIOKll — KpH^ajiH Bci. — He cmU CD^a 
iSAHXB. 

ToJina Bce 6oj[ie h 6oji'be Bosdysj^ajiacB. 

— Jl^a ?ero, 6paxiiBi! — npoAnojosHJii kto-xo. — ^^ojukho, bshjh 
0% KOCHjoKi py6j[eB'B ABa^uaxB, Boxi xenepL sa HHxipyRyH XHHeri! 

— BsHJii! 

— Bsjijrxl 

— KoHeiHO^ BSHJiil CopoKi py6jieft... HaxLAecAXi... SI caM% 
BHftiiJixI Fo-ro-ro-ro!.. — aomjio nepeKaxHBaxBca no xojint. — Boft 
OHH MomeHHHKH! Bshxo^hhkh!.. 

Tojiaa HaHHHajia neHcxoBCXBOBaxB. 



KOOHIKB. 35 

— nHBOAepu! KpoBonHBi^ul KpoBb naniy nLeTel — Bonnjia lOJina. 

KOCHJTRH 6UJIH 8a6£IT£I. Bci ^JBCTBa, B(A nOMBICJIU JCTpeMEJEHCL 

Ha aTaMaHa. Ohi, oahhi owl, 6£ij['& bhhok) Bctoi HX!b Heo^aoTift, 
Bcero KTL ropji. BftsaHH HasonjuiBiniiioA bi jijm^ o6haei^ OGKop6jieHifl, 
yHHseHia, — ^BonjiBiJiH Ha noBepxHOOTb jsjmE h Tpe6oBajra oTn^eHifl. 
Oco6eHHO HeHOTOBGTBOBajiH 6a6u. CipaniHUH, pacKocMa^eHHUH, ci 
HOKaseHHUMH OTh 8Jio6u jiHi^aMH, OHt HaoTjaajiH Bnepej];H Bctei. 

— Mu roJiOffHBur, a ohh — hhib, Kop^u tojctbia noHai^iH, KaK% 
7 zopomeft 6a6u... ^aftie Hani pa6oTB]| Pa6oTfii Ham jukAiel 
llu noAUxaeMi ci rojioj^yl 

— Jl^aflre Ham sexjiH! 

— AaflTe HaMi aenjiHl — Mory^HMi bxomi, Kas'L cTpamnuft peBi 
({ypH, noAXBaxHJia MyTHH^ancH xojiaa. — SbmjibI SenjiHl 

Tojma Bce npH6uBaj[a. Hapoff'B 6i2Bajii hsx-hoai Bctxi Jia6a- 
soBi, H8i Bcix% yjiHi][i cejia. Rpynnafl, npKasi ^nrypa aTaiiaHa, 
VL 6ij[0Hi RHTeJii H 6iJofi ^ypasKii, OTOjiniaH Ha BOSBunieHiH 
Mocxa, H nepejcL nex) MflTyn^a£[CJi TOJina, — npHBjiesajiH Bctxi. 
Kto-to, npofitran mhbco pasBaJieHHoft oasenH ApoBi, cxBaTHJii 
XPD^eBi. CxBaxHJii TaKi ce6i, 6e8C08HaTej[EH0, Ha BOHKift cjyqafl. 
Fifl^H Ha Hero, aonuiH XBaxaTL h Apyrie. Hai TpHj^ii(aTH qejiOB^si 
Bi Haqaxi, tojehb Bupocjia bi ceMBCOTb, BOceHLCOirB, Tucaiy, noji 
Topu, H Bce pocjia... 

Bo86ysji;eHie lOjtnBi Bce 6ojite OBjia^tBajio h aTanaHOMi. Bga 
KpoBB 6pocHxaob eHy bi rojioBy, owh 6ujii secL KpacHLifl h, ojiobho 
OHLflHeHHuft, cjierKa noKa^HBajiCH. Eiiy saBajiocL, ?to h mocti^ 

HE KOTOpOMl OHl GTOHJlly H BJlOROiyn^aH HOpe^T^ HHMl HoiyTopa- 

THCH^HaH TOJina, h o6mHpHaH 6a8apHafl njon^a^ijB, no KOTopofl co 
B&kxh cTopoHi 6i^3BajiH K% HeHy AHKie pBanfiie jiioah, — BOJUimyTCH 
I nepoBopa^HBaDTCH BHioTt ci HHMi... Owh yse ce6H He homhejh, 
eny KasaxocB toxlko, tto owb bo tto 6£i hh ctsjlo jS^ojLxewb 
c^^epjKaTB nanopi tojihu h boabophtb nopHAOKi. 

— FaBornaTB hxi! — o6paTHJica ohi k% sasaKaifb. — ^HaptBaTb po- 
boflI PosraMH hxiI 

Tpoe BasaKOBib MexnyjiBCB na ocxpoBi sa posraMH h, ^epesi 
licKOJiBBO HHHyri BepnyBinHCL ci jiosHnaMH, orajiH paaMaxHBaTb 
HMH nepe^ik xBiiaMH 6a6x. 9to en^e nyn^e pasoBJiHjio TOJiny. 

— Al TaBi Haci 6htb! PosraMH naci HopoxBl 

MrHOBOHHO cxiHa 6a6'B bi HicBOJiLKHxi Micxaxi 6jbijia paso- 
pBftHa, Bnepe^i nponHpajiHCB Mys^HHu. Tojina, iz^HKan, KJioBo^yman, 
pasupeHHan, Hannpajia, oxapancB o6ofixH axaMana czs^jsji. Ho o6ofixH 
^UXO HeXBBH. OhI CXOHXl Ha ysKOMi Mocxy npoxovKH. 

BiHflce Bcixi Ki axaifany 6im KopH^neBEift xoxoxi. Epyrxoe 
nqo ero nepeAoprHBaxocB; nxoxHo o6xBaxHBi kojtb cbohmh jiob- 

KIMH pyKaMH, OHl OBHpftilO HOXpHCaJil HMX. Bo B30pt BFO 6bIX0 

WKoe 6e8yMie... 

3* 



L 



B6 P700K0> BOrATOTBO. 

— Cxoft, He no;i^zoAH! — ^spH^ui aianaHi bhI oe6fl, ho rojioci 
ero BaHHpajii b% o6iiieu% hpocthomi pest othxIh. 

— Bame 6j[aropoAiel — HarHjioH vk 7x7 axaMana noHoo^HHSi 
JIapioHOBx: — YftAeMte oicDAa, Haci pa8opB7Ti... 

BucoKifty OTaTHufly njie^HCTBifl KpacaBeAi-6pDHeTi bi ^epnofl 
nepKecKl, ^ejEOBiKi jAvh 88, 6uBmiS KorAa-io 7KpameHieM!i^ 
npaBaro ^Jiaara rBapAeSoaaro nojiKay r^i ohi ojijKBjrby HHSorAa 
He 6£iBniifl Tp700ttiy — ohi APorH7n. Ha Heni JtHij^a He 6ujio. 

— Bam-me 66jiJ[aro-ppoA.-. 7&'A®ii le... — npoonn ohi, saHsajiOK 
Ho 7X0AHTB 6ujio 7sce hosaho. TojiDa, ;i^HEaHy peB7n^aH, uoko- 

Tfrnj/Ji^ GipaniHofl njioxHOfl Maccofl 6iioTpo Hi^BHraiaoL Bce 6jiHse^ 
ojiiA' 8ft aTaHanoMi bi TJuiCHq7 rjias^E. 

— CtoA, He no;i^xoAH! — KpHvajii aiaiiaHi ne cbohmi roiooom: 
Ctp&ihtb 67A7! 

— Fo-ro-ro! — ahko saroroiajia TOJina. AACsifi, ^7017 pasAH- 
pann^ifi xoxoti BUBopa^HBajicH m% caMofi rji76HHu eH.~3flaeMil 
He Hon7raenii>l To-ro-ro-ro!.. 



MicTHue SHTejiH ji,ojLvo eiE^e xo^^hjih saaA*^ h BnepeAi, oo6h- 

paJIHCB B% K7qSH, rOBOpHJIH. nOIOMl BOO CTHXJIO. Cejio 7mJI0 BS 

ce6H, npHTaHJiocB... 

Hepesi ABa aha na^ajiacB 76opEa. Hiuu 7CTaH0BHJiRCB HHSRi^, — 
niecTBy CBMB H Ha CBOHxi xap^axi BoceMB p76jie& sa AeciiTHH7. 
MtciaMH H no ^eiBipe P76JIH. „napa* padoxajia no ^ea p76jn[H, no 
ipHy HO Boe-r;^^ i^tna cn7CKaj[acii ^o P76jifl cesfH^ecflTH BonieBi. 
H HHse. 

Bi He^iJED X3ii6% 6£iJi'& 76paHi. 

n. E(|)MHOBHMl. 



Btrjibifl saMtTKH 3KeJiTO0 onaeHOCTH. 

I. 

^JKejiTufi Bonpoci^ ho hobi. Okojio copoKa Jiirh TOM7 Hasaj^i. 
Heiici 72se nHcajiocB b!b p7ccKoi j[HTepaT7pi. Ha Sana^t neus 
roBopHJiH h paHBme. H6pt;tK0 bo Bpena CTaqeKi, arHiaaiS, npn 
sanpocax'B b!b napjiaiieHTi^ npeACTasHTejiH KaaHiaJia rposHJiH, ^to, 
BMicTO Tpe6oBaTej[BHUxi eBponeficKHxi pa6oqHX'B, ohh BBrnHni7'rB 

K7JIH HSl KBTafl H HhaIh. Bl KOJIOHiHX'B A^BHO 7Se nOJlBBOBaJIHCK 
8THMX CpeACTBOMl. 

Bi BToft nepBOHa^axBHofi nocTanosKt sexian onacHooxB aji< 
EsponBi H AMepHKH BaKXK)HaxacB wh xomi, ^xo naaxuBi HeK7XB- 
TypHBixi BxeMBHxoBi flcexxoft pacu Hosexi 8aA7niHXB eBponeficK7i> 



B^rjIHA BAMftTKH aSIJITOfl OniOHOOTH. 37 

KyjLBTjpy, a MeTHaai^ifl noHHSHTi tohi 6j[aropOAHofl HHffO-repMaH- 
csofl pacu. HauuBi HsduTsa HaoejieHin Ketslh Ha Sana^t, b% miji- 
son B0o6paseHiH eBpoDefii^eBi; rposHJii norH6ejiLK) He tojilro 
xyjiBTypiy HO H pact eBponeficRofi. 3th onaoeHiir, OAHaso se, Bpn^^i 
JIH cnpaBeAJiHBii, ecjiH BsrjiHHyTB Ha Bonpoci ne julvl na onao- 
HOCTB rposHn^yD; a npocTO sas^E Ha HSBftoTHoe coi^ajiiiHoe hb- 
jienie. 

npesffd Bcero, hhkto en^e He pimHJii Bonpoca, ^ificTBHrejiBHO 
JUT Bi npeAiJian KnTaficKofi HMnepin noBODAy rocnoACTByerL Ta* 
soe cTpamnoe seifejiBHoe yTftcneHie, saKi 8to njueaorbl IOfl h 
BooTOKi, 6ojiBniaH ^aoTB 6acce8Ha i9Hi(3H-ii(3HHa, ffiftcTBHTeJiBHO, 
rycTO sacejieHBi; ho hhkto He odpaTHJiB BHHiiaHiH na to, ^to nepe- 
HaoejieHie noAffepsHBaercH vh KHTaft HcsyccTBeHHO. 

Ho HanqsypcKOMy yjioseniio, KOJioHHsaAiH sacTftHnaro KnraH 
CTporo Banpen^ena. Khhbb MOHrojiBCRift, Koxopufi „mi» Eopucxo- 
jno6iH'' HycTHTB Ki Ge6i^ KHTafli^a-apeHAaTopa, jinmaeTCH cbohxb BJia^i- 
Hift, a KHTaei^B noABepraeTOH secTOKony HaKaBaHiio: noTept HMyn^ecTsa 
H jffiOBB OMepTH. EHxafli^i, nocejutDHuecH bb Monrojiin pa^H Topro- 
BUTh Aiieft, He Horyn 6paTB oi oo6ofl obohxb aceni h A^TeS. 
Kasafl npH^HHa, Kaicie mothbu BacxaBHJiH nepBuxi Han^sypcsHxi 
HMnepaTopoBB, JHQAefi 6oj[Bnioro rocy;i^apoTBeHHaro yua, oo8;i^aTB 
TaBoe, noBH^HHOMy, HenpaKTH^Hoe ysaBOHeHie? EaBajiocB 6£i, qero 
jiyHHie? JlBa paBHopo^HuxB Hapo^a cjihjthcb 6hi bb oahhb. Bi^nan 

OnaCHOOTB OTB SOieBHHKOBB KOHRHJiaOB 6u. Ho 3T0 JierSO 06lHGHIieTCH 

HCTopH^ecBH. nepBue Man^sypcKie HMnepaTopu canH qyBCTBOBajiH 
ce6x npHmeJiBi^aMH na SHTaftcsofi no^Bi^. Ecjih h TenepB bb KnTaft 

HMftKJTOH Ha lOri CTOpOHHHBH OTapO-BHTafiCKOft, MHHCBOft ^HHaCXiH^ 

TO Bx OTapHHy HXB 611J10 OHi^e 6ojiBme. Phaohb cb bthmb^ xoth 
iqapcTBO ^HHrnca 6£ijio paspymeHOy MoHrojiin en^e He 8a6iij[a 
CBoero Hpomjiaro. BocTO^Han MonrojiiH 6£ijia pas^Hxa, ho na BanaA^ 
cpeAH B&iMUBOBB AyxB oopaxHHBOBB ^HHrHOB-xaHa en^e ne yracB. 
BocTO^flaJi MoHrojiH, cb Bfiipo;^saMH bhhbbhmh, onoAJQ^iJia no Bpafi- 
hocth: bhhbbh co6Hpaj[HCB bb cyrjiOMu, o6cysAajiH BoapocB o CBep- 
seniH ManqsypcBaro nra, npoesTHpoBajiH BoscxaHiH, ^aBajiH bjiatbu, 
HHjra BpoBB ^epnaro sosjia, bb BHasB ooDBa hhsbbbl h ciiepTB, h 
bb TO ace BpeMH AynajiH, bto hbb hhxb CBopfte yonfteTB ffonecTH 
Bib neBHHB cjiy^HBHieMCH H HOJiy^HTB Harpa^y sa ^ohocb? O^hhb 
HBi y^acTHHBOBB TaKoro BaroBopa hphhhjib bb cepbOBB btotb coiobb 
BsaHMHaro sipoJiOHCTBa, codpajii cboh Boflcsa, ho 6eu[b pa86HTB 
cbohmh ace coTOBapHn^aiiH, xotIijib cspuTBCH bb PocciK), ho 6us% 
noflnaHB h BBi^aHB rojioBofl KHTai) ypjiHxafii^aMH, noJiBByion^HMHCH 

H AO CHXB nOpB 3a bto XHOrHMH npHBHJierlHMH H npaBOMB HaBH- 

BaxBGH AopxaTaMH (HO^eTHoe HaBBanie). 

MOHTOJEBCBie BHHBBH HOBa^HXHOb tB^HTB BB IleBHHB ^H BaOBH- 

AiTexLCTBOBaHin CBOHXB BipHonoAAAHHH^ecBHXB qyBCTBB. Man?- 

JCypH, BOHOHHO, He BiipHXH HMB HH Ha rpOHIB H» qT06H BBIBaBaTB 



38 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

« 

CBoe nojiHoe npeapiHie k% aTHMi snHroHaMi, saBoeBaiejiB jRasoicb 
sanpeTHJi AOsy^axB HiinepaTopy cbohmh BHSHTaiiH. 

Ha aana^^i^^ saKi mu oKasajiH, npej^npiHu^BBLie rhusba oipaT- 
OKie dooewh h FajiAOHa, BomoRTy h FaiAOHi. I^epesi x^flcTBOBaJiH 
HHane. Hxi noxoffu sa BOCTO^Hyx) MonrojiiK) ao ohxi nopi es^e 
QOMHflrL TaMi, H HysecTBeHHue Maaqsypu aojishu 6iiJiH Hanpft- 
raxB Bot CBOH ycHJdji bi aioft 6opL6£. IIpH H^SAHB-JIyHii yTBep- 
a^eHa 6ujia nojiHaA no6i^Aa MaHHsypoBi Ha^i KajiMBiKaMH; ho cTpaxi 
nepe;^^ bosbcoshoctbio BoscTaHifl MoHrojiiH ocTajioa. SanpeiE^eHie 
BeMJEeAtjiBqecBofi KOJioHnaai^H b% MoHrojiiH 6ujio npeAOCTopoas- 
HOCTLi) npoTHBi pacnpocxpaHeHiji KHiaftcKoft EyjiBTypu cpe^H ko- 
?eBBix!B njieMeHB. EHxaft 6oa.JLoa — fljMejvhj ^to, npH pasBBTiH syjiB- 
Typu, MoHrojdfl, pa86HTa4i n pasie/^HHeHHaji, BoeiaKH dy^erB onacna, 
a nojTBHCB Tarn laKie dneprH^HBie kebsbji, Kaxie 6hju vh JI^syH- 
rapiH, onacHOCTB Morjia rposHTB He tojibko cxpaHi, ho h AHHacxiH. 
Cxpaxi Bxoxi CBasBiBaexofl h vh xpyrHXi oxHomeniAX'B. Ha wA 
MoHrojiiHy Ki otBepy oxi EanraHa, asHsexi sasExo^Hoe noHrox^- 
cKoe HacejieHie — ^axapBr. Haxapu nacxo 6uB8JOTh vh UessHft n, 
KaKi CMumjieHHfl HapoA%9 noHEMaioxi i^sy o6pa80BaHiK). Ohh y 
Ge6H ycxpoHjEH H^CKOJiBKO msojn, Tjifi o6yqaj[H j^i^xeft mohfojibcboS 
rpaMOxi H BHxafloKoft. KHxaficKoe ^HHOBHH^ecx^o npoHioxajio 06^ 
dxoS aax^i, h hbb HeKHna Bumejii npHsasi — npespaxnxB npeno- 
^aBame BHxaficKaro jisuKa h santHHXB ero MaH^sypcBHMi^ x. e. 
flsuBi MtoxHofl KyjiBxypu saifiHHXB HBUKOMB j^HHacxiH. Bb xpaK- 
xaxaxi HaniHxi e% KaxaeHi, bb cxaxBHXB xoproBJii cb Monro- 
juefi, orpafiH^eno npaBO BBoaa nopoxa h opysia. He pyccKHX'B 
Kynii(OBB, o^eHB HeMHoro^HOJieHHuxB, 6oHXGfl KHxafl, ohi 6ohtch 
^axB pysBe bi pyKH KOHrojiy, 6e8o6HAHi^ftmeMy cyn^eoxBy b!b Hipt. 
MoHrojiBOKaH HHJIH^iff, ^ase ^axapu, buxoahje bb 1895 r. npo* 

XHBB HHOHI^eBB ^CB Jiy^HUMB 6oeMB''. KOHe^EO, HpH KHXaftOKOlTB 

cnooofit ynpaBJiemH he o^Ha Htpa se Mosexi 6hxb npoBe^i^esa 
;^ocxaToqso nocji^AOBaxejiBEO. KsxaficKie uocejiEE seujieAtjiBiieGKie 
BcexaKE cyn^ecxByDTB wb MoErojiiE; eo hxb peBHsyioxB eateroAHo, 

H8MipEK)Xl nOJIE E BO EOSBOJIfllOXl paOEIEpflXB nO0!&BOBB, XOXfl HBini 

no Bcefl MoErojiiE pasciasu kjio^bh seMJieA'i^JiB^ecKHXB nocejiKOBB; 
so EHE jsjBLjLeKO EO Hcnoj[B80BaHa rpoMaAHtSmafl njion^aAB KyjiBxypo 
onoco6soft seifjiE b!b Mohpojue. Bhjioxb ^o rpaEEi^ ro6H Bcxpi- 
?aemB no ^ojUEaMB piKE naxaxEyx) deifjiio. Bb caMoS ToSh, 
Bi Ae6pEXB ro6i&cKaro AjixaA h xanB, vflfb eoxB opomeEie, npasxE- 
KyexcE seicjieAiJue. Mu oaifE BE^i^JiE bxe naniEH e MOseMi oRaaaxB 
xojiBBo o^EOy 9X0 ycjioBin js,jui 8eMjie;i[tjilE xaMB meofo 6jiaronpiBX« 
Efte, ^tuB, EanpHMipB, bb SaxBBejiBEiasBCKOHi Kpai, T]i/k xpy^o* 
Jix)6ie H yifiEBe 8eMJie;a;tj[Bi^eBB, BExafii^eB'B e xk)pkobb, oosAajtH 
ssxeflOEBEyio EyjiBxypy cpeji^E KaMesEofi nycxjuse; so hoefoxi ejio- 
xofi seMjiej^iuiei^i. Eojie 611 nycxHXB Ea bxe bomjie KExaSi^eBB — 
CHE cynijiE 6u pacnopflAEXBGE ehe. BoxaHEKE npEmjifl bi Ee^oyiii-^ 



B^rJIEIfl SAMfiTKH SBJITOfl OUAOHOOTH. 89 

Hie, Korj^a F. H. IIoTaHHH'b coofin^HJn, ?to oniftHufl MaEi* EyjibTH 
BHpyeTCJi oKOJio Ro6ao. En^e 6ojii>]naro yAHBJieHifl 3aoj[ysHBai)ir& 
HjiaHTaiaH Toro se Maica oeojio yjifloyTaji, Ha BUcoTi 5,400 $. 

KHTaeii%, yjiHcyTaflosifl njcaHTaiopi, Haxo^pm, ?to Masi po- 
j^HTCfl OKOJIO yjiHoyTaa oxjiHqHHfi; ho HOAooTaTORi jiiituTh pyK%, 
AoporoBHBHa pa6oqHxi MimaK)Ti paomnpeHiK) ji/kjA. H bi oaMOMi 
KHTai^ eoTb en^e Micro, rjsjk mo2bho pasMtcxHTB ho oahhi MHJiJiioH'L 
seMJieAtjibiieBi! 

Hd6uT0Ei HacejieHix KniaH, saKi 6u oh% Bejinsi hh 6£iJi'b, 
BpHicb jiH MOiseTb rposHTB qtMi-JiH6o Espont. ^HTeJiB lenjiaro, 
noATpoHH^ecsaro KJiHMaTa, npBBUsmifl si BOSjicbjiuBaHiK) idshli:^^ 
pacTOHit, He ooo6eHHo oxotho cejrarcji bi cypoBOMi sjiHMaTi. Ero 
pafioHi KOJcoHHsaipH— noji^TponHqecsiAH TponH^ecsiji cipaHEi. 3ji!koh 
owh HesaMiHHMufl pa6oTHHSi. Bi axHXi MiiCTaxi, saxpoHyTfiixi 
TOJiLKO npHMHTHBHofl KyjiBxypofl, HacxoHH^ee M^Gxo ffJifl 6yAyniefl 
soJOHHsaiUH ero. PasyMiiexoH, ne bi sa^ecxBt KyjiH-pa6a, a xo- 
BflHHa. Esponefli^aMi xam ho ysHXBOH, ^a h He sejiaxeJiBHO^ qxo6u 
paca, xasi xopooio npHcnocofiHsinaflOH ex yMtpoHHOMy sjiHMaxy, 
cxajia jioMaxB ce6x na hobuA Jia^i; rkwh 6ojiiie, q;X0 onuxu bi 
8X0111 HanpaBjieHiH ho j^ajiH xopomnxi pesyjiBxaxoBi j^o ohxi nopi. 
KpoMft seajLejilksiB, h ropHaa npoM&inuieHHOcxB, sasi bi canon 
KHxaft, xasi h Boo6o^e bi aBeoxH^ecBHX'B cxpanaxi, s^exi en^e 
CBOHXi pa6oxHHKOB'B. HcBonaeMUH 6oraxoxBa MoHrojiH en^e ne sa- 
xpoHyxu, rpoMaffHuft SHxaficKifi saMeHHoyrojiBHBifl 6aGceflHi hotth 
He xpoHyxi. Oh o6n(eqejiOBiqeoBofl xo^bh spiiHifl, Vb HHxepeoaxi 
B(Ax% o6HTaxej[efl namefl njiaHexu, cyn^ecxBOBaHie MHorovnojieHHofl, 
xpyj(OJiK>6HBoS H A&poBHxoS pacBi, npHcnooo6jieHHofl si shbhh b% 
ropfl^eifB KJiHifaxi, HBjiHexcff ne noniixofl, He yrposofi, a Heoi^ineH- 
HUMi ejiaroMi. 

3a]iSHyxufl b'b ce6t, Rnxafi npeojiiAyox^ ffo chxi nopi, vh 
CBoefl nojuxEsft, nnxepecBi AHHaoxin, a ne napoj^a. Ohi He xoxbeo 
He 08a6oxHXCH saBecxH eojiohIh ji^sl cbohxtb nepenacejEeHHuxi npo- 

BHHlUS, HO AftSe He OXEpBUTE JlfiB HHXl H CB060AHUX'B SeMOJIB 

cBoet HMnepiH. HeaBSji, cxajio 6&ixb, onacaxBCH nepeaojiHeHiH 
EBponu HOBtoecxBeHHofi sejixofl pacofl, hojibbh xaEse h oxpai^axB 
xoro, Hxo caica Eepoaa, b% gbohxi sojiOHiHX'B, o^ohb oxoxho hojib- 
syexcH xoS se sejixofl paoot, ne onacaexca ea pacxjiiBaiD^aro 
BjdaHiH Ha cbohx'b nocejieHi^eB'B, ho jihhib noj^i ycjiOBioMi ne npn- 
BHaBaxB sa net ^eJioBiqecsHXi npaBi; HOBisecxBeHHafl sejixaa 
paoa pa6oxajia 6u bi xponHqecsHXi oxpanaxi. Il3i> EspooH hxi 
rnajiH 6u, h ^Hcxan, 6jiaropoAHafl paca 6BiJia 6u H36aBxeHa jubjbb 
OTL npHSocHOBeHifl Gi Hefl, H sexxaro Bonpoca neqero 6ujo 6u 
fiojixBCH. TenepB, o^Haso, exoxi BonpocB OHona h o^eHB ptsBo bu- 
3;BHHyxGfl Ha nepBut njiaHi, h, EasaxocB 6&i, cobc^icb ho scxaxH. 
BoHJEHOB panie HOBtsecxBa HHsmefi paou, Hecnoco6Hofl Ei bug- 
Hiefl EyjiBxypt, h ejr pa8Jiara]oiii;aro BJiinniH Ha Sana^'B. TenepB axa 



40 pyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

onacHOCTB HaoTOJiBso yiceHbinHjiacb, qro ee moxho onmAth npHspa?- 
Hofi. flnoHi^ii, a sa heme h REiafii^u TenepB CTapaDxcE ycTpoETLCE 
y ce6E AOMa. JIeobi^u gi necjiBixaHEofl 6ucTpoTofl BOEiajiE bi cefia 
eBponeflcKyK) syjibTypy. KExafi, ne sejiaa enie pasBEsaTBCE co cbobitl 
AoMOCTpoeu's-KoH^yiueMi, Bce en^e nuTaeiOE yBipBTB ce6E, ?to 
OHi sii^TO cpeAESEoe, i^eEipajibsoe, opBrEHajiiHoe, caHo6uTSoey Ee 
B% npflifip'b ApyrBMi Be8u6j[eMoe b'b cbobxi ocsosaxi, ^o RaTat 
E CHEi Ee6a 6uAE fl BcerAa oyAyxi*, qio KHTaE 

PaacyAKOMi He noHHTb, 

ApiUHHOMli 06mHMl> He H3MtpHTb. 

Oaebeo se, Ee cMOTpE Ea 9T0^ OEi BcexaKE BOJiefl'EeBOJiefl sa- 
BEOTByen soe-^TO fl3i eBponeftcEOfi i^EBEJiEsai^iE. Kose^EO, 

^EEOBEE^ifl KEiafl OJCEEIKOMl yBipefll Bl CBOem BeJIE^iE E CBOeMl 

J(oMO0Tpoi^ ?T06£i saEMCTBOBaTB Boe-^TO E81 eBponeficEflxi y^pe> 
a^ffeEifl, oEi E EB'L EayKE npEEEMaerB tojtlko to, ^to moseo 
corjiacETb 0% J^OMOCTpoeMi; eo b^^b se osi oaee% rpiinieHi 3teiii^ 
rptxoH'F, E TesepB KetbA e ci AoMOCTpoeMi — BoeTaKE sjiieErB 
eBponeflcKofl iprBEJiEsai^iE. EasseTCE, TenepB sa KyjiBxypy 6oflTBCj[ 
yae Ee^ero. Boe bb BoctobIi^ — r^* 6HCTpo, r^t texo — EpE6jiEsaeTCE 
Kh 6jiaronojiyqEOEy oocTOEEiio. XejiTofi onacEOCTE e^ti 6ojiie 
MicTa, E sa^aqa bce bi tomi, bbki 6u btoti caMuft Eeysjnosifi 
KETafl ocbo6o;i;etb oti qEEOBSEqecKaro rEeia e npio6n;ETB k% 
eBponefioKofi i](EBEjirEBaiuE non nomine sed re. 

OKasuBaeTCEy Be xyxi-TO 6uj[ol TenepB, noBEAEHOEy, tojibbo h 
EaHEEaexcE EacTOEn^aE onacBOcxB ajie EBponii. IIocjLft yAa^Eoft 
BoflEU EDOEi^eBi 01 EETBeHi Bi 1895 roAy, noGJit yiiaoTiE eeoh- 

CKBXl BOflOBl B% OCB06oaCAefliE IleBEEa, TJl!^ pEffOHl CB 

BEME CTOEJiE eBponeflcBie gojia&tu, a^e JiDAefiy noBEHann^EX'B 
Kijio, gtejio egeo, ^to eobbe Eai^iE o^^jiajia rpoMBAEiie ycntxE b% 
jsj^jA ycBoeBiE bcIixb TOEsooxefi BoeEEaro ECByccTBa. ycnixE flnoEiE 
B'B jcpyrExi OTpaojiEX'B A^ETejiBflocTE noEa en^e ne EasajiECB oqesb 
onacEUifE; eo npeBocxoAEO ji(Eci^flnjiEHEpoBaEEaE apniE, CEa6aceH- 
E9^si o6paBOBaflEBiHE o^Ei^epaME, noEasajia opasy, ^to ci eeme 
EeJiBSE pas^^jiaTBCE npE noMon^E 6poBeEOCEaro EyjiaEa, ebe'b bi 
KEO^soy. Ycnixi OEpiuEerB Bcerj^a, nepsufi yAa^EHfl Ae6»Ti 
TftMi 6ojAe, noBTOiiy, nocjii no6i^ji,% flnoHin, bi eE EETepaxypt 

CTBJia EGBO BUOEaaUBaTBCE MUCJIB TOMl, ^TO eE AU^HMmaE 
MECCiE — BHBeOTE pOJ^CTBeEEUe EapOffU E81 yHEBETeJIBEarO CO* 

gtoehIe EeB'bsecTBa e pa6cTBa b'b CBtxy e CBo6oj^'b. Bb jluu/^ hxi 
ffajDEBBEE AsiE ppoMEO noTpe6oBajia oe6t ^ejiOBi^ecEEXB npaBi. 9to 

6UJ10 yse CJIEmEOMlI XeJIXUe OCMtJIEJIECB AyMBTB Be tojibeo 

caMExi ce6^, o cBoeiii HEnnosi, — oee BOSMe^TajiE e 061 oobo6ojb- 
ffesiE ;E(pyrEX'B aKejiTuxB. KasaE ^epsocTB! Me^Ta MOJiOAoro Eapo^a 
o EyjiBTypEoS MEcciE 6i>iEa npeBpan^eEa bi npoeETi 6yj^yE^aro 

CODSa MOEFOJIBCEOfi paCU npOTEBl apifiCEOfi. BlIBBBBB 6h[Jl% Ea 



BAPJIUff 34HSTRH HSEJITOfi OUAOHOGTH. 41 

oaeny veTHpexcon-MHJuiioHHufl KHrafl, BuCTasjifliuii^ifl apiiiK), paBHjD 
sotn eepone&OKHM'b, BicioTt eaflTUMi, BeAOMyi) AooHosHifH bosasmh 
Ha EBpoay, h, saRi Boer^a, buabhhjto 6fiij[o jLOBjEroifb npopo^ecTBO o 
rH6ejiH aplftcRoft EyjiBTypBi.KaRi se, OAHaRo, iiorjia6£[ aorH6HyTB RyjiB- 
Typa, Korj^a HaaaAOHie Ha Espony, KaRi nojiarajiocL, npoHSBeAeHO 
5yAerL asiaTaiiF, ycBOBBmHHH eBpooeficsoe o6pa80BaHie h yvpesj^e- 

HlJi? 0! Ha 8T0 OTBtTl 6UJl% FOTOBl. ECJIH 6fiIJ[H Ha OB^Tt OHRO- 

0aHTii, cyMtBmie cos^aTb Teopiio o6i orpaHH^eHHom j^i noji- 
ffaHH£ixi, ROTopaii JiepsHTCH KoerAt jihxe h Tenepi>; eojiH mosho 

6BIJI0 CBOHXl COOTeieOTBeHHHKOBl C^HTaTB jmjl,hUBj GA'bJiaHHBIlCH 

HBi Jipyrofi rjEHHU, qtH'b aoaejiHTejiH HapoffOBi, — to oi sojitumi-to 
qejiOBtEOM'b i^epeMOHHTBCff Heqerol Ohi, Bo-nepBuxi, sejiTi, 
BO BTopux'E — y Hero .Apyrofi qepeni**, BiTpeitHxi — pi^ASftH 

^OpOJia H yC£I. YCU BTH HHRaRHIfH nOBHSRaifH H6 saRpyTHTb BBepxi 

k la Gnillome denx. J(axi»me y sejiTofi paou Hirb BejrHKOAyinHuxi 
^yBCTBi. Ym% y HHxi Herxy6oKift, ohh Gaoco6Hii tojuko ri 
HepeHH^HBooTH. Bce 8T0 roBopHXOOB HapoAi, XHTepaTypa h hcto- 
pin KOToparo no nepBOHCTO^HHRaHi jsfi ghxi nop% b% Esponft h 

AxepHRt HSBiCTHa BeCBHa HeXHOrHHi; ho dTO^ RaRl HSBtCTHO^ 
TOJIBKO ORpUJUierfc MBICJIL. HCRyCGTBO SeJITBIXl HOJltnO H 6e8o6pa8HO, 

JiHTepaTypa ex% vpoGTO CHiniHa, pejinrlH AHsa; nayna RHiafli^eBi 
He saoxysHBaeTB axoro HaasaHiH. Haoai^u — Hapo^i ROBapHfiixrL 
3ioji/km%, mnioHOBi, GorjiHAaTaesi.— HaGi, BOAyn^HXi BOfiny gi 
^aoHiefl^ H603BHAAHHO nosajiOBajiH bi saniHTHHROB'b H GDaGHTexeS 
^Bpone&oRofl RyxBTypu, ROTopofi rposHn oHepiexBHaH onacnoGTB. 
Bi nocxtAHee BpeiiH ri BToicy npsGoeAHEHxaGB eo^e xereHAa o 
npoesTt saBoeBaHiH HHAO-KHTan, cosAaHHOHi, 6yAT0 6ii, KoAanoS, 
Ha^axBHHROHi mTa6a hhohgroA apMin. 

Bthmi a^xo en^e ne aaRaHqHBaeTcii: hto xaRoe hoxoa'b na 
ffHAO-KHTafl^ RorAa rpoBBiTB nameGTBie BGero KflxaH Gi anoHi^aHH 
Ha Espony? Cxobohi, baI^gb oRaauBaeTGH ctojibro ysacoBi, qTO, 
HOBtpHBi HMi, npHAeTGH AposaTB Bco GTOXtiiel Groxbro se TyTB 
AtfioTBHTexBHO onacHaro? Haqneifi 0% oaHMOHroxHSMa. JI,xh SApaBo 
xBicxHn^aro ^exoBtxa, BTO—BexH^aflmax HextaocTB, Heooyn^eGTBHHaH 
yToniH. ApiflGRiH nxeneHa h no ^HSHqeGRHiCB npHanaRaiCBy h ho HSURy, 
Aa H no RyxBTypi bi 6oxBniHHGTBt OAHopoAHu. Eotb icesAT hhhh 
<)0D8i, HO TaRofli ROTopufi HOXHTH^eGRaro sHa^eHiH ne niiterB 
H oxysHT'B He i^iixHirB paG£i, a BGexy ^exoBiiecxBy, aio — o6ni[eHi« 
HayHHoe, xHTepaxypHoe h ryMaHHxapHoe; opraHBi ero: aRaAOMiH, 
yEHBepoHxexii, y^eHUH h xHTepaxypHUH o6n(eGTBa, GiisAU, no?- 

TOBUfi GODBl, RpaGHKlft RpOCTl H T. A Bl BTOlfB 06lI^eHiH^ 

OAHttEO se, yq;aGXHHRR He oahh apifli^ii, ohh xam toxbro 6oxb- 
niHHGXBO. no npHHi^Hny se, b% bthxi Gonsaxi Htxi he 
^xxHHa, HH pa6a, he odpisaHHux'B, he Heo6pt8aHHUx'B. Ha- 
<SR0XBR0 niHpoRo HOHHiiaerB CBOK) saAa^y ^acxB o6n(eGXBa, Esxepe- 
oynn^aflGH bxhxe saAaiaiiH, beaho e3i xoro, ?xo RorAa npoeRXHpo- 



42 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

Bajicfl HUHft ocyn^eoTBJieHHiifi oonsi y^eHux'L aEaAeiiifi, bi aas- 
BjeHiH 06% 8T0MI npoeRTii ynoManjTO fiujio, hto otbAth ha 
npHrjiameHie k% coney Moryn 6utl BSJioseHu hb sasom yro^HO 
BBHRi. Ki KBEofl 6u pac^ HE npHHBAJieBaJi'b y^eBufl h TajiaflTJiH- 
BBifi qejioBtel, OHi — seJiaHHBifl toctb. Codbbi se pa^B nojiBTH^e- 
csExi HJtB aBOBOMB^ecBBX'b Ki^Jiefl BCflo ysaaiiiBaDTi^ tto jip 
BsaBMHofi cojra^^apBocTH CBMLIA ByjibTypBUB rooyAapoTBa en^e Be 

AOpOCJlfl. J(BOfiCTBeBB&ie B TpofiOTBeflHUe CODBU BaBJDD^anTCB TOUKO 

noTOMy, ^To Raacffoe rocyxapoTBo bi OTAtJtBBocTB c^BTaeTE ce6fl 

OJIBBIKOMl CJia6lIM'L AJIB 6opB6l>I B ffJUl BBB^BTU Ge6B OTh APy^BXl. 
3X0 — CODBil, BBIBBBBBBie Kl SBBBB BBBBlf BOfi BpaH^ftOfl MeSAy ByXB- 
TypBJblMB BapOABMB. Bl dTETb .G0K)3aXl OepBUS BOnpOCl TOMl, 

CKOJTBBO jnojifiH Kaac^fl y^aoTByDBUfl j^oJixeE'h Aepsaib nofti pysbeMi. 
Bi TBEi BaBLiBaeMOM'E nasHOBTOJiBBMi spoBBoe poACTBO Mea^sy OT- 

A^JIBBHMB BapOABMB GJIBEIBOMl AAJI^BOe. E^Th AByXl BpyBBBlXl 

BJieMeBBEix'E rpyani, soTopiiB bobbmbjib 6£i Apyr:^ Apyra. — Oni 
roBopBTB BSusaMB^ flpBBaAJieasan^BMB Ei flfijwhj no spafiBefi Mftpt, 

paBJEB^BUMIi CeHLBlCB BBUKOB'E; bo B BByTpB Kaii^Ofl BBl BTEXl 

rpynni bbubb pasomjrBCB BpaflBe ^ajieBo. 06pa8i sbbbb, BBiepeoBi 
TBRi se pasJEfl^Bu. KyjiLTypBoe gxoactbo Mev^y Anofliefi b KBraeMi 
Tenepb yse a^jio npoBiJiaro; HnofliB no yqpesAeBiBMi, no nanpa- 
BJiesiK) KyjiLTypii TeaepB 6jiBse K'b Eepont, nesejiB si Kbtbk). 
Egjib KbtbA b pasGTaBeTGB go gbobmi Jl^OMOGipoem, to Bpfl^i xh 
owb npBMerb eBponeflcKyH) ByjiBxypy Bi Tofl $opMt, BaKi Jlnonia. 
Ha ToproBoifB puBsi Mes^y KBTaem b Anoniefl csopie mosho 
SABTB GonepBB^ecTBa, qini G0K)8a. 7 ji^pyrBXi mobfoxobj^obi eflne 
neBBme o6niarO; ^im y nepBuxi ^Byxi. Tfl6eTiiy gtoxbeo ace 

TpyABO BUy^BTBCB BOBBMBTB MOBTOXB, SBBl pyGGEOMy apa6a. 

Ko^eBBBE3b-naGTyx'B mobfoxi b ropsufl SBiexB TB6eTeiii Be^yrE 
GOBepmeHHO paaxB^But o6pa8'E sbbbb. yBa3£iBaK)Ti bb oCb^bootb 
pexBriB — fiy^AHBiCB, bo gbmi dyAABSMi bo BeBA^ o^bbbeobi, b, npn- 

TOMl, OJ^BB peXBTiH, JlfiL emfi TBEBB OTBXe^eBBBBy EBEl 6j]lJlfl9Wby 

Be Moserii gbbbtb Bo-e^BBO rpynnu xioAefi, BMiK)ni;BX!B pasnue 
BsrepeGU. Gtob bb pasBuxi GTynesBxi rpasABBOTBeBBocTB^ 

MBOrie EBl TBEl BBBBIBaeMUX'B MOBrOXOB^BBIX'B nXeBeBl BaXOJ^BTGH 

B'B noj^^iBBeBiB y ApyrBxi. IIpB nepBOMi npsEooBOBefliB EyxBxypu, 
saa^^OMy Bapo^i^ saxo^eTCB GB060AU9 saxo^eTCB sbtb cBoefl sbbbbd. 

3aMiTBTB flyaCBO npS BTOMI^ ^TO npEMBXEBBUXl AHEBpefl TBITB 

no^B wbrh, Y Kasciicaro no^TB eGTB npeABBin, ogtb gboo EGTopB^e- 
cEoe npomxoe. Y EasAaro bbbtoh mbigjib — npesAe Bcero Gnacrx 

Ge6B, GBOe npOIBJIOe, COXpaSBTB GBOX) BBABBBAyaXBBOCTB. 

JlerEO pSGOBBTB EapTBBy, EBEl HbOBIb 06y9BTb EBTaflCElB 

BoficEB, B, noA'B npeABO^BTexBCTBOMi jinoBCEEXi reaepaxoBi, mbofo- 
MEXxioBBUB nox^BB^B BBBO^BBTi Espony. Ooo6eBBO, eGXB BafiHTB 
npB 8T0MI OABO Be6oxBmoe o6cTOBTexB0TBO, — Epaflaee or- 
spaflieBie EBTafii^eB'B ei BotBi. KBTafi Bexi boAbu; bo goxabth 



B^rJIUfl SAM^TRH SBJITOfl OnAOHOOTH. 4& 

Ha6HpajiHCB H81 OT6poooBi HaoejieHiH, njTHiie laojsfi rHymajiHCb 
peneojia y6iflii'b. KHraeui'E aabho jse CKasajn, tto eq% xopomaro 
sejifea He j^ijianrE rBOS^efl, a hsi xopomHxi joojifii — cojiAarb. 
OxspameHie k% boAh^ ne BpeMeHHoe, ne cjij^aflHoe jiBjieHie — oho 
npoxoAHTB qepesi bcd HCTopis) KHran. Bodh ci RoqeBHHKaMH^ 
KHTafl ^acTO neoi nopaseniji h BBiBrpuBajii, rjiaBHUMi ofipasoMi, 

CBOHMl yMiHBeill HaTpaBJUITb OAHHXl KO^eBHHKOBl Ha ^yrHxi H 

aartm noRopjiTL hxi cBoefi syjiBTypi. He roBopji o saBoeBaTeJuix^ 
KpeBBBxi* anoxi, Ha^HHaa tojilko oi mohfojiobi h oRan^HBafl 

MaH^SypaMH^ MU BHAHMI, SaEl BTH BOHHCTBeHHUe KO^eBHHSH noA- 

na^ajiH noAt o6ajiHie syuTypu Knian^ BOJiOTb ho^th ^o saSBeHiii 
OBoero BBEiiRa. Mojrho, ;iajiie, nooTaBHTb Bonpooi: saqi^Mi 9to 
SHTafii^Ki ooAtsyirb b% EBpony? PasBt b'b neS TaKi mhofo gbo6oji;- 

HHX'B BBMeJIb? PoCOifl — H Ta, X0T4I, Kone^HO, 01 oroBopKofi, He oco- 

6eHH0 6oraTa oboCoahbimh seMJiHMH. KHTafii^y-ROJiOHHOTy bi Espon^ 

npH^eTCA HBMftHHTB SeCL CBOfl yRJ^l SH8HH, 6pOGHTB CBOe HGROH- 

Hoe BBMJiejitjde h nepex^jiaTb xobhSctbo na hobuS Jiaj^i. JI^jih ot- 
H^jibHuxi rpynni en^e bto bobmosho; ho hjlsl Macoi — ao nejibSA 
Tpyj^o. Jl^jiH axoro nysno oipe^bcji oxi oaMnxi Ge6H. Ecjih enpo- 
nefii^y Tpyj^HO ysEHTLCfl b% noj^TponHqecROMi RjiBMaii, to en^e 
TpyAHie RHTafliiy — bi yicipeHHOMi, 6jih8Romi ri xojio^HOMy. 

Ecjih He namecTBie na Enpony, to, itoseTi 6i>iTb, na enponeS- 
CRiH ROJOHiH? — KcxaxH, H HpooRTi EoAaMH ji(j[H saBoeBaHiii Hhj](0- 
RHTaa nyn^eni xenepb bi odopoxi. 8to yse, j^ojkro 6htb, naoTOH- 
H^as onacHOGTB, rposHn^aH $paHi^iH, nameS coiosHHi^i. Mu yace bu- 
GRasajiHCB paHBme, ^to rjia Rnrafti^eBi, npn H86£[TRi naGOJieHiA, 
HaH6ojii^e yAo6HUMH HiiGTaMH j{bjhk)tch xponH^eGKiA GxpaHBi. Ohh 
H xaRi o6j[i)6oBaj[H MajiaflcRifi ApxHnejiarE. BoBHOsna rojiohh- 
8aiUJi Hxi H vh ApyriH MicTa; ho aio 6yAyTi yse ^aGTHue BonpoGu 

ROJLOHHBaipOHHOfl nOJIHTHRH, TyTB MOryXl 61ITB H GTOJIRHOBeHiH, HO 

He Bcefi AbIh c% EBponofl, a MessAy oxaI^jibhuich GxpanaMH. Ha* 
Gqen HHAO-KHxaji h npoeRxa 6apoHa EoAaHii Rony yro^HO Bt- 
pHTB — nycTB BipHxi, a Ham, pyGCRHMi, RoxopuM'b AO CHXi nopi, 
roBopH pyGGRoS oaacHOGXH^ HHOGxpaHi^ii ROJiDTB rjiasa anoRpn- 
^H^ecRHMi H o^eHB HJioxo GROnnaHOBaHHKiM'B sa rpaHHaefi BaBtn^a- 
HieicB Hexpa BejiHRaro, naAoCno 6iitb 6u noocxoposHie. Tjs/k^ 
xenepB btoti npoeRxi Koj^aMu, h rto ero bha'^ji'b bi ffiflGTBHxejiB- 

HOCTH? Bg% pOGRaBHH O&h HOMl CROpi^e OXHOGHTCH Gl ofijUaCXH 

Meas^HapoAHaro ^ouRjiopa, qiiii ri HGxopin namero BpeMenn. 
H 8T0 yse ne nepnaji nonuTRa GO^HHHxejiBcxBa wh axoiii ajkA^ 
KpoMft anoRpH^a BaBin^aniH Hexpa HepBaro, mbi mosomi yRaaaxB 
H HOBifimiH pooRaBHH B% xoMi se BRyei. Kor^a h^miiiii gxoajih noj^i 
cxftHaMH HapHsa h go j^hh na j^enB yse sAajiH G^a^H ropo^a, bi^ 
rasexaxi nyn^eni 61121 GJiyxi, tto HenaGHTHue xeBxoHu He y^o* 
BOJCbGTBynTGH paBrpoMOMi OAHofi ^pani^iH, ?xo y Mojibxro yse Jie- 
XHTE Bi nopr^ejii npoeRTi Buoaj^RH b% kuTJim. JlereH^a finGxpa 



44 PyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

npeBpaTHJiaoB bi synejii, He CMOTpji Ha Bce oBoe HesipoflTie. Ah- 
rjiificRax npecca saHBEJia, ^to ona ne 6ohtoji niifi^eB'b, yKasajia na 
CBofi ^jioiTb H o6iiii^ajia, ?to Ha cymt bch Anrjiiji oti Majia ^o Be- 
jiHKa BCTaHen na gbok) san^Hxy. IIIyMi h BOHHCTBeHHsre kphkh b% 
AnrjiiH, KOHe^HO, 6ujih coBepmenHO HSJiHniHH, xaxi BaRi npHji^aBaTi. 
BBaqemx axoiiy njiaHy MojbTse 6£iJio hbjibsh. Hejiino 6u]io, ko- 
He^HO, He koh^hbi oahoA thskoA Bofinu, jijusrh o hoboA, ^a emfi 
paacKasBiBaTB 061 btomi h nasHBaTB HOBaro Bpara bi jihi^ 
AnrjiiH. Hi^Bmu, j^ojisho 6uTb, noaxoMy h ooqjiH nysHHMi nvrh Ha 
BUAYMKy oxBirL H oxBix'B BHOJiHt cepLesHufl. Bi rjiaBHOMi mxafii 
repMancKofl apMin ORasajiocL xasHxi npoeEXOBi ne Majio; ho 9xo 
npocxo ptmeniH hsb^cxhuxi cxpaxerH^ecKHXt saAa^i^ njiaxoHH- 
^ecKHxi no cyn^ecxBy, ho HifbDmnxi orpoMHoe SHa^enie bi jijkii 
noj^roxoBKH o^naepoBi. BoeHHue jiioah FepMaHiH roBopHjm, ^xo b% 
mxa6% ecxb xaRie se npoeRxu noxo^OBi bi HxajUK), b'e IIlBei^iK) 
H Bi Pocoiio. CRasanie npoeRxi^ Ko^aMU, bi JLj^mewh cjiyqai, 
HMiexi He 6ojiie cepLesHyio ocHOBy. 

BoeHHBie HJiH HH£ie RpynHue ycnixn RaRofi-jiH6o cxpaHH o6uK' 
HOBeHHo HeMe^iieHHo noiUBivaDxi xojirh njianaxi BceHipnaro ro- 
ono;i;cxBa nojiBXH^ecRaro hjih npoMunuieHHaro. Beijio BiAB BpeMfl, 
Rorj^a ycntxH pyccRaro opysin sacxaBJiHJiH bcd Eepony Rpn^axB 
pyocRofl onacHocxe: bhjioxb ji^o ROHaa MeROHRancRofl dRcae^Hi^iH 
MHoro xoJiROBajiH qecxoJiK)6HB£ix'E saMBicjiaxi ^paHi^in, noxom 
ji(omjia oqepe^B h ao FepMaHiH. Tenepb naqajiH 6ohxloh RpaflHaro 
BOcxoRa, xoxH xaHi noRa Bcero e^e o^^na flaoHin ORasajiaGB oho- 
co6ho& 8ani;Hni;axB ce6H. Haxi jwb RasexcH Rpaflne onacHUMi h 
xo, qxo, Mosexi 6hxb, cRopo hojibsh 6y;(ex'B Ch o^HOfi j^BBHsiefl 
upoflxH HSi ROHi](a Bi ROHei^% cxapBiS KHxafl! 



11. 

noMHMO pasroBopoBi 061 onacHocxH aaiaxcRaro BooHHaro na- 
mecxBiH, — no uniiHiED RpaflHHxi aao^HXHHROBi apificRofl RyjiB- 
xypBi, flnoHei^i, RaRi npeAcxaBHxejiB HHsmefi seaxoS paoH, nosers 

TOJIBRO nOHEBHXB BBECORlt ypOBOHB I^BHJIHSai^iH, ROXOpaTO ^lOCXHrJia 

GOBpeMOHHaji EBpona. Ki ycjiyraifB nponoB^AHHROBi ^iJieHiH qejio- 
BiqeoxBa no xa6ejiH panraxi — i^ijiaH jiHxepaxypa: aHxponoMexpiff 
^^aexi HMi coxHH xa6jiHi;'B HSMipemS qepenoBi, qaoxefi xijia, hcxo- 
pHRH noDxi THMHu 6jiaropoAHUM'E njieMeHaMi, cos^axejiHMi RyjiB- 
xypBi: apifii^u — axo hobuB HspanjiB RaRot-xo... IlyxeniecxBeHHHRH 
pascRasuBaioxi xynocxH nepBo6&iXHUx'B njieneHi^ xeopexHRH 
yxBepsA&^T'B) ^TO OHH (ne nyxemecxBeHHHRH, a hphmhxhbhuh njie- 
Mena), no caHoicy yoxpoflcxBy itosra, 6jiaro;^apfl paHHeny cpocxami) 
qepennux'B mBOBi, ne cnoco6Hu ri mnpoROMy yMCXBOHHOMy pas- 
BHxiio. OSmnpeni h rjiyCoRi axoxi BonpocB ajih xoro; qxo6ii ero 



B'BrJIEUI SAMfiTKH SCSJITOfi OHAOaOOIH. 45 

pascMaTpHBaiB ^jijboh noApo6Ho; ho h MOji^aHiein o6ofiTH Henui. 
CjiHmKOMi ysi MHoro paaHEizi ^anrnHBuxi seRoejiefly Bu^hEnuTh 
OTL HiceHH HayRH, maiaeTOJi vh nj6jLnK% ojihiokom'& 6e3dacrtHqHBO 
noffi $JaroMi BHania nycKaeica b'b o6opon pasHuxi yTBepvA6Hifl> 
npoACTaBJUiDiaHxi pjij^ Aajeso ne ptmeHHuxi BonpoooBi. 

AaHHUA aHTponoveTpiH h opaBHHTejLbHofi ^HsiojioriH npe^cTa- 

BJianTE HeOOMHtHHBie $aRT£i; CBHJ^tTeJIbCTBa HOTOpiH TOSe 60Jlt6 HJIH 

MeHie npoBipeHu; cKasaHia se nyTemeoTBeHHHKOB'L, MHccioHepoB'^ 
OTJiHqaDTOJi Bci 6ojii>meA hjih MeflbmeS aoboA oy6ieKTHBHOOTH, r 
Vh HEXi qacTO MyApeHO 6uBaeTE otjth^htb, r^t KOH^aeTca Ha6jii)- 
A^Hie H rA% Ha^BHaeToa ^aHTaaia aBTopa. AaHHua, BupaseHEBUf 
Bi i^H^paxi H ocjiBaTejiBHuxi ^asTaxit Hanp., HSicipeBiji, saat- 
niHBaHia a aaaTOMEqecKie npeaapaTu mo2bho npHaaaTB AOCToatp- 

HUMH, HO BUBO^U, fftjiaeifUe H3l HHXl, TOJIROBaflia HXl MOrjlTB 

CTOHTB vh caicoMi rpySoMi npoTHBopt^ia ci ApyrHMH HecoMHiH- 

HUMH ^aSTaHH. 

npe2B:^e Bcero, apificaoe npoHoxosKeme Hamefi KyjibTypu cjit- 
AyeTi c^HTaTB ho tojitlko He AORasaHHUHi, ho h npaMO-TaRH 
Booivn^eft HejiinooTbi). EyjiBTypy namy HaAo6HO c^HiaxB c% 
Toro nepio^a, Kor^a hbi npaaaTa bua'^ibjich ^ejioatKi. 8toti nani'B 
AajiBHifl npej^oRi 6poAHJi'B en^e bi AOJoteAHHROByio aaoxy no jiiicaMi^ 
H Jiyrani Espoau h ocTasajii cjit^u CBoero cya^ecTBoeaHia bi bha^ 
Koe-saRi o6htux'l rojiuaiefi. Bb majioHCRjK) aaoxy ohi yse yMtjii^ 

06AtjlUBaTb RaMOHL Bl RJIHHl, Bl dOOXy COdHTpa OHl CAtJiaJICJI 

bojihrhhi MacTepoHi no o6A%JRt RaMeHHuxi opyAift. KaaoBi SRe 
6iij['B HejioBtRi dTofl H nocjitjiyioQiiefl MaAieHCRofl aaoxH? Coxpa- 
HHBiniecji Hepena aai HeaHAepTaib, Caa h HafiAeHHue bi BoroMiH 
yRaauBaDTB Ha ^^pny ^epeaa, no o6uqHUM'fc noHATiflifs MeHte 
coBepmeHHyio, nesejiH y aaaoA 6ki to he 6ujio caaiofi ahroA, ca* 

MOfi npHHOTHBHOfi H81 SHByiUHX'B paCE. ^aBHO ySO SHBeiTL ?ej[o> 

BiRi Ha cBtrb. Oai cxapme naMOHTa: npa homi HapoAFJica na- 
MOBTiy Ha ero rjaaaxii h BUMepi. GoBpeHeBHHS'B HaafOHTa h ciaep- 
Haro oJieHH bi Espont 6ujii yse xyAosBHROMi, otjih^hbie'e pta 
HHRom, owh SBJi yse i^tJiBixB KOMaaaiaMH, o6iiiHHaMH. Hame 
caxoxatHie, ^aaBaa&cTso'' go oaHcxoAarejibBfaiMB npHsaaHie^B caoera 
npeaocxoACTBa otbochtch ri HamaMi npeADfecTBeHHHRa^i; ho Be 
TaRi CMOTptjiE Ha aTO 6ojite HacB qfTsie e 6jaroAapHK[e aapoAU 
RiaccE^ecRofi apobsocte. BescHepTfloe cRaaaaie o IIpoHeTet b:(0X- 
flOBjrajio H KpeBHBxi, e hobux'b noaroBi. Ohi cTajii cEMBOJioM'b 
6opaa aa gb^ti e cqacTbe Jiv)ji,ety ROToparo cjiyra beBca — rpy6aa 
CHja H HacEJiie, Bia b KpaxoGi— aaRoaajiB bx atROBt'iBUE utaE, 
npflCTaBEBi Ropmyaa RjieBaiB ne^eab TBTaaa. OTsyAa se BupoGJio 
axo cRa^BHie, orayAa asajica aTOTL Bejcflqaeuft o6pa3i? — Hai Mbea, 
E8i TaftfluxB npeAaaifl 05^ E3o6ptTeBiB GnoGo6a AoSbiaaHia oraa! 

Bb rjia3axi« 6jiarop>ABAPO a 6jiaroAapBaro ajJiEHa Tasoe OTRpuTie 
Morjio 6uTB TOJiBRo fif^ion'h THTafia, GoaepBBRa 3eBGa, orB Maaa- 



46 P7C0KOH BOrATOTBO. 

BeHifl 6poBefl soToparo coAporaiofl Ojhmiii. Sobce saROBaji'L IIpo- 
MeTe«[, HO H6 jLo6ijsfl^%. Bi pyRaxi THTana 6£uia h ocTajiaoB Be- 
j[HKaji Tafina, rposHBinafl rHdejiJbK) 3eBcy. Gjiyra 3eBca, sopmyHi, 
ese^HeBHO KJieBajii ne^eHb KpoMeTeA h yCisAajii ^Hcxocep^e^- 
H£iMi npHSHaHieMi o6jierqHTL obod y^aoib; ho ynopcxByioniifi th- 
TdHi He nomejii Ha oj^jikh. TaRi ApeBHifl rpeRi noHHHajii 6jiaro, 
:mo6uTOQ HdodpiTeHieMi ofhh. 

KpoMi OFHH^ ^ejiOBisi KaMOHHaro Bina ji^as'b Haici wb naojiiA- 
CTBO opy^^ifl H opysie, kotop&ihh mei j^o chki nopi nojiLsyeMCH. 

EpOMft ROHLH OHl Jl,dJrh HaMl JiyRl H CTpiJIU, ROJIOBOpOTE, pimHiTL 

aa^aqy o nepeBOj];^ npHHOJiHHeflHaro nepioAHqeoRaro ABHseniH hi 
KpyroBoe, Bupa6oTajii ^jienopas^iCi^jiBHyi) pt^B h, HecoHHiHHO, 
MHoriH oO^eoTBeHHEiH yqpesji^eniH. 

npHHHGBiBaTb Bct 8TH RyjiBxypHBie yCH^XH KaROfl- HH6yAB O^HOl 
QpHBHJierHpoBaHHofl pact Bpsji.'h HE RTO ptniHTCH. ^aRTfii yqarB 
Haoi, TTO opy^i^r ^eBH^tmnxi THnoBi EiAv)Th o^eHB mnpoRoe 
pacapocTpaHOHie, h noxoMy saHMCXBOBanie hxi hbi oahofo RaRoro- 
JIH60 i^enxpa, npn icajioqHCJieHHOcxH jinAefi h HeffocxaxRaxi nyxefl 
Goo6n^eHiH, HBjiHexcH HeAonycxHMsiM'B. Btpnie jj^yMaxB, TroBci 9xh 
6jiara 6iijih ao6£ixii nepBo6uxH£iMH jik);kbmh bo MHoraxi nynRxaxi 
H cOBepmeHHO HesaBHCHMO. 

Oahhi HBi CHMnaxH^H^flrnHxi MLicjiHxejiefl npomjiaro B^Ra, co- 

BpeMeHHHK% H XOBapHHll HO MHCJIH DORO&Haro JI^apBHHa, AjiL^peji^ 

PoGcejiB YojuiecB BucRasajicH Jitxi copoRi xoicy Hasa^^i bi xomi 
CMUCJEi^, qxo qejiOB^Rt HMtexi OGo6oe npoHcxos;i[eHie^ oxjin^Hoe oxi 

JipjTEX'h aSHBOXHHX'E, H paBBHJCH OCOSuiCb nyxeM%, eJEfi He BHHOHBH- 
HBIM'B ffJIH HaCB. Rl 8X0fi M£IGJIH npHBOJEH BFO HadjIDAOHijI Hajl^B 
AHRapHMH. ^HSHB HX%^ RaSajEOGB OMy, HaCXOJIBRO npOCXa, 6ijS,E9Ly 

xaRi Majio xpe6yexi pa6oxH mbigjih^ qxo rpoMaAHuS, no cpaBHenii) 
01 sanpocaHH shshh, oprani mucjih nepBo6HXHaro qejiOB^Ra eny He 
Hyseni. Ont nepepasBHxi h Moisexi noHaffo6HXBCH eMy xojilko 
B% 6yAyni;eM'B ^jih BHornHxi iitJteS. 9xo HHtnie rAy6oRaro SHaxoRa 
^H8HH j](HRape9 H HecpaBHeHHaro nadjno^axejiH xopomo 6£i oonocxa- 

BHXB CI XOJIRaMH HeOHOOOSHOCXH HHSHIHX'B paCl Rl BBICHieHy 

yHCXBeHHOMy pasBHxiK); ho na axo nixi y naci hh MiGxa, hh npe- 
HOHH. Mu coojiajiHGB Ha CBHj^xejiBCXBO YojiJieca oobo^mi cb Apyrot 
i^&iBi). npHHHHafl ero, RaRi pesyjiBxaxi HaSjnoAOHifl, mei A^jiaeMi 
H81 Hero Apyi'ofl BUBOA'B. KaRi hh npocxa shbhb ^HRapji, oqeBH^HO, 
qxo ji,JiE ycxpoflcxBa en noxpe6oBajiaoB rpoHaAHas yMCXBeHHas pa- 
6oxa, oxpasHBmaHCH na pasBHxiH caiioro oprana mucjih. H ba^cb, 
B% apxHaejiaraxi K)aKHaro Mopn, 6ujle e cboh IIpoMexeH, h cboh 
U^epepa, h cboS lafiaBaxa. Kor^a-xo, ocoGenHO e% noayjuipHEix'B 
RHHscRaxi, jik)6hjih paacRasuBaxB o xom'b, RaRi cjiyqafino a^JI^JKHcb 
oxRpHxifl: Hlioxohi h naAaK)iii;ee h6jioro; jiHryniRa h nnni^exi bi 
oxRpHxiH TajiBBaHH, H X. A- Ki cosaji^Hii), na ji/hjA xaRHXi Hicnpo- 

SHBOBaHHUXb OXRpHXlfi HO BAOXHOBenilO He 6BIBaj[0 HHROFAa. 



B-BFJIBlfl 3AM«KH SBBJITOfl OnAOHOOTH. 47 

Bojisifi HOBufi marL bi najKi^ hah ea npHJosefliflx'E ctohjii H6- 
npepuBHiui TzmejLurh Tpyj^oBi. Ha^i hhvh pa6oTajiH B£iAaK)nuecj[ 
jiiu HioRoiBKHX'L noROJitHifi. Mu BHaeifB xenepB, qTO He hSjloko, 
a OTKpBLTie sasoHOBi Renjiepa ^ajio bobmoshoctl HBDTOHy OTspuTB 
aaROHi, jnpaBJiHioiiiifi ;i(BHseHiHMH He6ecHJbix'B t&jte. Mu SHaejrB, 
?T0, He OMOTpA Ha AP^iraHLe HOseRi y MepTBofi JiaryHiRH, oam 
FajiBBaHH He qjhAjl'l noHflTb SHaqenie CBoero OTRpuTiii: oho bujI' 
cHHJioob TOJjbRo b:b Tpyj^axi AjieRcaH^pa Bojibtu, oi RoiopujCB 
BejTB j^ojuryio 5opB6y FajiLBaHtf, HCRBBmift b% flBjcenijixi rajiLBaHHBMa 

IBHSHeHHOfl CHJIU. To^HO TaRSSe He C% He6a OBaJHJIHOB HOTRpUTUI 

npHMHTHBHUxi Hapojo^oBT*. TKhbhb HXi npocia; HO MU H y ce6A bh- 
AHH'B, ?T0 nojiLsoBanie roTOBunH OTspuxisMH 6oj[Bmoro yiia He 
Tpe5yeTE. BecTH neper OBopu no Tejie^oHy Mosen h 6e3FpaM0THH&. 
Caitufi Baypji^Hfiifl HHsseHepi cocTaBHii Bani npooRTi nocipotKH 
napoBofl MamHHLi. KcTaxH, napi — xopomift npHMtpi Toro, JiSM,% 

MaJIO SaBHCATl OTRpUTifl OTh GJIJHBM: 01 RaMOHHarO BtRa JOOJSfl 
BHaJIH, qTO eCJIH Ha OFOHL DOCTaBHTB npHRpUTUfl rOpmORl CI BOAO&, 

TO, Ror^a BOj^a saRHnnri^ napi 6y^eTi> npnnoA&iMaTJb RpuniRy. J(e- 

CHTRH, eCJDEH HO COTHH TUGH^'b JltXl, JIIO^H esej^HOBHO BHAtJIH BTO 

HBJieHie IS, TOJiBRo DOOJii^ Toro, RaRi o6paTHJiH BHHuaHie Ha Hsy- 
^eeie A&BjieHiH rasoBi, Ror^a cyn^ecTBOBajia yse aTMOc^epHBA Ma- 
niHHa Hi»K)ROMeHa, BOSHHRJia nepBan aapoBaa MamHHa. 

Hanm AAJiBHie npe^RH ociaBBjiH HaMi nacTOJiLRO 6oraToe Ha 

CJrtffCTBO, ^TO, BipOATHO, MU HHROF^a HO ySHaeMl HMOHl BeXHRHXl 

TBopii[OB!b rjiaBHiflniHxi npio6p%TeHifi ^ejiOBi^ecTBa, noxoiiy ^to 

Me3iSAy HaiCH H HHH JIOSaTl HeHCqHCJIHMBie pnj^U BteOFE H MOIQHUfl 

HanjiacTOBaHur, OTXOSHBiniffGff ci t^xi nop%; jihri seHJiH, BtRo- 
Bt^HUfl ropu H Mops y»e ne t^ xenepB, RaKi^ 6bijih npH HaniHxi 
AajibHHXi poAHqaxi. 

EcjIH 8TH jaOJlfl, Cb THHOHl CaMUMl HeCOBOpHieHHUM'b DO Ha- 

mHifb noHATiflifb, caMOCTOflTejibHO ffomJiH ^o nejiHRHX'b OTRpuTiAy 
RaRoe me mli HMi^eifb npaBO OTpHi^axb TBopqecRifl Gnoco6HocTH y 

XHByn^HXl pac^? B^JS,h AOHCTOpH^eCKHHH JIK)^bMH 6UJIH CJ^aHU 

nepBue, t. e. cairae xpy^iHue marn na nyxH i^HBHJiHsai^iH. 

^IIpHHHBi BO BHHMaHie, HTO j](OHCTopH?ecRifl qejKOB^R'b nepoffajn 
CBOHMi aoTOMRaMi TaRyiD Macoy OTRpuxift H yHacjT&ffOBaHHUx'b ono- 
oo6HOCTefi, MOXHO, nosajiyfi, y^HBjiATbGA TOMy, ?to go Bpeneni or- 
RpuTifl MeiajiJioB'b nporpecci mejii xaRi ve^JieHHO. 

06pan(aACb R'b 6jiHsafinieMy npomjiOMy, mu Tose ho HHtexi 
npasa HasHBaxb apificKiA njieMeHa TBopi^aMH GOBpeMOHHofi Ryjib- 
Typu: Gyiiepo-aRRa^fii^u, cenHTbi, ApoBHle erHHTHHe yGntjiH yse a&- 
JieRO noABHHyTb ee bi xy nopy, Ror|[a rpeRH Haxoji;HJiHGb enne vl 
nojiyBapBapGROMi GocxonHiH. 

HeCOHHiHHO, RBRl MeSB^y HHAHBHAyyHaHH, xaRi H MOjasAy Ha- 

KiflMH cyimecxByioTb pasjiH^ia bi cnoco6HOGXflX'b, HaRJiOHHOGXAxi, 
fisycaxi, RaRi h bi ^HSH^ecRHXi npHsnaRax'b; ho ocHOBHue npH- 



48 pyOOKOB BOFATOIBO. 

dHasH, OTJlHqaI)II^e ^ejiostRa orb npHMaTOBi^ pisEO BHpaseHu j 
Boin. EcjiH nocTasHTB Bonpooi: RaKoe se rjiasHoe ncnzH^ecKoe 
OTJiHtie qejiOBtRa on shbothuxi? — HeooMBiHHBifl b exHSOAjniBuft 
OTBin 6jjifiT%: cnoco6flocTB ri BenpepuBBOMy pasBBiiK). ToJiRys 
Becaoco6BO0TB pasBEixi paci ri tomj bjib Apyrony BBAy 
noBXfl^ecRofi A^xrejibBOCTB, mu 6jib8rb vl OTpBi^aflii) b% bbx'l o6- 
pasa qejiOBi^eoRaro. KpflxoABTCB^ Rponi^ Toro, npssBaibCB, hto 
sami Haiepiajn no opasBBTejibBofi ^BsiojioriB pasjiB^Buxi nxe- 
neBi jifi flejiBBB CRyiesi; ae jiyc[ine 06CTOBT1 a^jio b gi Bsy^e- 
Biem ncBXBTOCRBXi oinpaejieBifly tbri ?to nocTaaoBRa sa Hay^iflyKh 
no^By Bonpoca cpaBHBTejiBBofi ncBXB^eoRoft xapaRTepaoTBRi pan — 
jxlkjLO 6yj^yn^aro. 

Moserb 6uTh, bi o6B^eHi o^eii cnocodsooTeft MesAy pasJiBi- 
BKMB njieMeBaMB ORaseTOB 6ojAe bjib MeBfte RpynaaB pasBBi^a; bo 
Tenepb ]^jui TaRofl RJiaccB$BRai][iB ntrb AOoraTO^Hbixi aahbuxx, a. 
icesRAy Tim, Bi OBoeMi paonojiosesiH napoAOBi no CTynenBicb JiicT- 
BBi](u rr. npBBepsoBi^ npBBBJEerBpoBaBBUxi pacb, rocnoACRHXi- 
pacx, saxojpirb yse cjiBmRom aajkoro. BooxeajiBii apificRyK> 
pacy npB cjiyqai, jiBi^a, ciBTaionpa ce6a gtob^bmb bo rjiaat na- 
i^iB, pyROBOAHn^efi nejiOBi^ecTBOMi, se A&iOT'b cnycRa b apifii^aici. 
Bi^ B Bacb, pyccRBxi, en^e se^aBflo c^BxajiB, aa h Tenepb se nepe- 
craJiH c^HTaTb nojiyeapBapaMB. Ci RaKBMi 6j[arocRjroHBfi[M'b BsyH- 
jiefiieifb BCTpt^aerb BBOOTpaaei^i o6pa80BaBHaro pyccRaro, HMiio- 
Bj^aro noHflTie esponeflcRoft sayRt, BORyccTBi h o6n(ecTBeBBEix'B 
Bonpocaxi. Mu Be 6yAeM'b paacysA^Tb tomi, sacROJibRO Eapona^ 
BBfterb npaBO otbocbtlgb rx bbmi tbrbmi o6pa80B'b. Mbi^ a^A- 
OTfiBTejibBO; Bi cpaBBeaiB cb Sana^oifb, BapoAi^ OTCTajiufl, cTpoft 
Bamefi bcbshb^ Bams nopB^RH BeaaCi^sBo aojukbh RasaTLoa eff 
q^ai-TO apxaaqecKBMi; no b^ab Taaofi se nepio^'B pasBBTia nepe- 
saaajia a Eepona. Ecjia 6% aania coctxa jifiija ce6i Tpy^i- 
pa3o6paTBca bi tom^b, no^eMy mu oxcTajia oti aax'b, aacROJiBRo ai 
dTOMi BBBOBarB caai aapo^i) aaoROJiBRO Bat jiesan^ia ycjiOBial 

Hamy OTCTajociB, aama 6tACTBia a oTpajo^aaia RyjiBTyxperep- 
cRaa npecoa 06'BffcaaeT'B npocTO TtifB, qTO mbi ae oSjiaAaeifB t^mh 
BejiBRBMa cnocofiBocTBMa, RERia BM^erBi aanpaHipi, repaaaci^aa 
paca. BcBRoay, BCTpi^aenieMyca c'b sarpaaaqaofi aaTeJiJiBreai^ieft^ 
ae pasi npaxo^ajiocB BBicjiymaBaTB RoanjiaMeaTH, ito a mbi ao- 
xosa aa RyjiBTypauxi jiioAefl. 

HaeROJiBRO Baacau coi^iajibaua ycjioaia ji,JiSi ycnixoBi RyjiBxypu^ 
noMBMO npapoABLix'b cnoGo6aoGTefl pacu a npapoAaifxi ycjEoaift 
ea GTpaaH, noKEBUBaioTi iitjiue paAU acTopa^ecRax'B npaHipoBB> 
BB'B ROTopBixi u&E6ojifke nopasaTejTBBuifB BBJiaeTca apifioRaa Ha- 
Aia. Bb ApeBBia Bpeaeaa aapoA'B axoxi AOCTari BucoRofi RyjiBTypu: 
BB CBoefi Bsan^aofi jiaxepaTypi oai jifikjn^ o6pa3qB[ BBicoaaro coaep- 
meacTBa; bi o6j[acTa oxajieqeaaaro Munuieaia, b'b j^ajioco^ia a Me- 
Ta^BdBRi B'B ApoBaeifB Mipt oaa ycxynajia tojibro rpeRam; bi mb- 



Bl^rJIfilJI 8AMSTEH SEJITOfl OnAOHOOTH. 49 

TenaTHSt ABHJiHCL H30Jii^ja(0BaTej[AMH Bi Tofl o6j[acTir, ROTOpaff O^eHB 
Maj[o 6huuk BaTpoHjTa rpesaifH, bi odjiaoTH xasi HasuBaeMaro He- 
onpe^tJieHHaro aeajiHaa. SjAch ace poi^HJiacB h oRptnaa OAHa hsi 
BejH'TaflinHX'E pejiHrioaHO-^HJioco^ORHXx ROHi^enxUS — OyMBSHi; ho, 
6j[aroAapH OTAajieHHocTH aTofl crpaHsi ot^ KyjEBTjp&ux'B Hapoi^OBi^ 
ci^ OAHOft cTopoHEj, HB^^i&CRoe MumjieHie ocTaBajioGb coBepmeHHO 
HeHSBtCTHUHi 3aiiaA7, ci Apyrofl — caiia HhaIh, sa BCRJUO^emeMi 
He^ojiroBpeMeHHaro SHaROMCTBa cl rpeRasiH MaReji^OHCRaro nepioj^a, 
ocTaBajaoB BBt RyjibTypaaro o6ii(eBiji. Boo6ii^e, aia cxpaHa BHj^jia 
HBoaeMi^a tojii»ro bi bha^ saBoeBaTejiH h nopa6oTHTej[ji. Hro co- 
iiiiajibHJUX'B yojioBift h BHtmHHX'B aopa6oTBTejiefl ocraHOBBJio RyjiL- 
TypHoe pa3BHTie A^se aToto, HecoMH^HHO, bhcoro oj^apeHHaro na- 

He Ha o^Hoft cTpaH'b BJiiflHie HsojiHpoBaHHOCTH He cRasajiooB 
TaRi ptsRO, saKi Ha Kniat. Yse bi aaoxy Pos^ecTBa XpnoTOBa 
OHi 6ajrh BMCOKO KyjiBTypHofi CTpaeofi, ho 6jiHsaflinRMff cocIiahmh 
ero 6UJIH creaHue KoqeBHHKn. Ecjih Ha pyccKHxi noAtflcTBOBajio 
yxpy^aDn^aifb o^pasoMi AsyxcoTJitTaee MOHroju&CRoe Bro^ to k^si 
se AOJi2BBa 6fiiJia BJiiflTL na RsTafi no^H deaapepuBBaH 6opi>6a 
CHanajia ci yceyHHHH h xysHy, saTtHi oiApyrHMH napoAHOCTJiMH, 

HS'B ROTOpUXl B'B lY B. 06paB0BaJIHCB TpH HHOSeMHUXl ;^HHaGTiH 

Baft-Bafiy AepiKaBmiHCH ^o hojiobhhbi YII b. IIpoxoAHTfc ^BtoTH 
nBThjificnTh jitTh — B% ci^BepHOMi Karai cHOBa boabophiotch, no« 
cjitAOBaxejikHO, ffBt hobuxi> HHopoA^ecRHXi AHHaoTin, a dotomi 
HacTyaaen anoxa MOBrojihCKHX'B boAht — h ohbtb OTennaH AHHacTia 
B.iaAteTb CTpaHofl. HHHtniHBii AHHacTifl T02Ee BOABopajiacb bi^ 
Karat nyTeMi aaBoeBBHi^. Ji^BOBRoe aHaqenie hm^jih 8th co6£iTii[ h 
nojEOseHie cxpaHU Ha JI,ajiBHeMi BocTORt, BHt RyjiLTypnaro o6ii^e- 
HiH CB ApyrHMH CTpauBMH. OKpyxeHBLifi BspBapcRBMH HapoAaMH, 
KHTafi AOJiseH'L 6fiiJii qepaaTb RyjibTypHUH chjili tojlro hbi ce6B. 
CBomeHifl ck dJiHscafiniHiiH, ho BceTaKH Rpafiae a&JI^khhh coct- 
jifiKE — HpaaoM'B H Hfljiied — 6ejjih Rpafiae p^ARB, a noTOifL h co- 

BCfeMX npeRpaTHJIBCB. KyJTtTypHMXX COaepHHROBX, COTpyAHHROBl 

KHTafl He HM'bJi'B orojio ce6H, h BMi^CT'^ CI TtMi OHi BHA^Jii, qio 
Ba KoqeBHHROBi-aaBoeBaTejiefl, ocHOBaTeJieS hobuxi AHHacxifi, ero 
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TpeTLem noRo:]i'faHiH 6uBniie houbabi BOcapHHHMajiH RHxaflcRyK) 
Ryjibxypy, 0RHTaHBa,iHCB, cxaHOBBJiBCL yqeHBKaHH no6'bsAOBHaro 
HapoAa. TaRiH oxHomeHin BeaojiLBO aabbjih Kaxai) hoboa'b Ays^aTL, 
Hxo OHX — cpeAHHa HHBHJiHBOBaHHaro Mipa, rocyAapcxBO, y Roxoparo 
A0JI3KBH yqHXLca yMy-paaywy Bct Apyrie. ETpH nepBHXi cHoraeHiBX'B 
ci eBponeflixaMH, Roxopuxi paHbme h He BHAi^BaJH b% cpeAHHHOM'b 
i^apcxBt, neRHHCsifl Aaopx uaHBHO cqExajn* cboiix'b hoblix'b anaRO- 

MUXl GBOBMH BBCCaJiaHH. IIOAapRH, ROXOpEIO npHCLIJiajlHCB B1» CXB* 
pHHy XOXH 6U HamHMH pyCCRHMH nOCOJLGXBaBfH, XaifE HaSBIBBJIH 

AftHbK), a o6paxHue noAapRH— 3Kaji0BaHbeMx sa cjiy»6y. HaGROJibRO 

J* 7. OTAtJi* IL 4 



50 PyCOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

yRopeHHJEHCB 8TH npeTeHslH Bi yiiax'L BBxaflii^eBX, ;K0Ka3BiBaeTCfl 
Ti^Mi, iTO yse nocjii nepBaro anrjiificEaro norpoHa, AosasaBinaro 
Bce cjia6ocHJiie KHxaji, dorABixani BceTaKH npHHHHaji'B eBponefi- 

CKHXl nOCJIOBl, BaJEOTb AO OROB?aHifl KHTafiCKO'flllOHGKOfl BOflflfil, 

vh sajit BacoajEOBi, h y^pesAenie, saBtAUBaBmee CHomeHiflMH ci 
HHOCTpaniiaHH^ aasuBajiocL He najiaxoll, a ^npHKasoMii''. IlepeAOBue 
joojiE Bi KHTat, KOHe^Ho, coBflaiDT'L xeaepB CBoe ne^aJiLHoe nojio- 
seaie. npHifbpi JlnoHin y hhxi na rjiasaxi: ohh bhaate, qxo 6uj[o 
6bi qHCTLiMi caMOo6ojiLii^eHieM'i» npo6oBaTB 6opoTBCJi co CBoefl oab- 
HOKOft KyjiBTypofi npoTHBi KyjEJbTypBi BceMipHofi; ho ao CHXi nopi 

8TH HHtBifl C^HTaiOTCX OHaCHBIMH H HesptjIHHH, AASCe H3Mi^HHHq6- 
GRHMH. IIpOTHBl HEXl BCH HaCOa HCTHHHO-RHTaScSHX'B JUOAeS, Tpe 

6yK)n^HXi He nporpecca, a BOSBpao^eHiH hi HCTHHHo-RHTaficsHHi 
HaqajiaHi, liicb caMUMi naqajiaM'E, RCTopuH CA^jiajiH cxpaHy 6e8- 
noMOEiHofl, a HiinepaTopa — HrpajiHn^eM'E eBponeScRO-aMepHRaHCKHX'E 

nOJIHTHSOBl, AOBOJIBCTByiOmHMGH TOJIBRO npH8paqHUI[1> nOSaSHUM'b 

BejiE'iieiii. KoTaficRifi napoA'^ MHoroBtROBoS CBoeS Hcxopiefi AORa- 

aajEl CBOH RyjIBTypHHH CnOG06HOCTH^ HO HeAOCXaTOR'b CaMOSpHXHRH, 

HeB08M0SH0cxi> HOBtpHXL Ge6ji npHiitpoM'b ApyrHXi, oxcyxcxBie 
o6m,eEisi ci RyjiBxypHUHi HipoMi, nojcH'bfiinaH HSOJiHpoBaHHOcxB 
on HapoAa npaBHin.HX'B c^epi, asHByn^HXi bi ^hcxo HCRyccxBeHHofi 
axMOc^epi, — Boxi npH^HHu HMHtniHaro nJia^eBHaro nojioseHia 
KnxaA, a He RaRia-xo pacoB&ie He^ocxaxRH. 

FoBopH AooHiH^ Ham npHinjiocB 6b[ noBxopnxB HHoroe hbi 
Toro, ?xo cKasaHo o Kexai. IIpB^HHU sacxoH 6u[J[h h xaici xt ase. 
Hxo »e RacaexcH oCBHEeniH HooHi^eBi bi He^OGxaxR^ opHPHHajiBHO - 

GXH, 0% HCRJUO^BXeJIBHOfi GnOG06HOGXBIO R% HepeHMqEBOGXH, XO HyOXB 

o&B axoai'B xojiRyexi RaRofi-HH^yAB xyaofl ROMHHJiflxop'B, bi pojci^ 
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AtjiH Bi HOMi xojiBRO o^Hy nepeHicq;HfiOGXB. BGHRiJiy Rxo pa6oxajii 
HaA'B Go6ofl, npoB'bpHJii gboh BdTjL&jifii, nepexoABJii oxi o^Horo iii- 
poGosepuaHiH rx Apyrony^ xoxh h ne hmi BBipa6oxaHHOMy, SHaexi, 

qXO S^tGB nepeEM^HBOGXH H nOHflXJIHBOGXH OAHOfi liaJIO; Xi^ Gy6'BeRXB[, 
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AOBaHHUM'B. JI^H nepepa6oxRH GBoero oxHoniemH Ri^ A'^SexBExejiB- 

HOGXE HjaCHO Bl GaMOMB Ge6i G08AaXB HOByiO HO^By, AJiA BaRp'b- 

HJieniH B'B Hefi hobuxb noHHxiS. 9xo — ysi ne oahb nepeEM^EBOGXB, 
a nepexoAi ebb o^Hofi Btpu bi ^pyryjo no y6iacA^HiK). IIoGji-bAO- 
Bax^jiBHooxB flnoHi^eBB Ha HOBOMB nyxH, oxcyxGXBie R0Jie6aHifl h 

B03BpaX0BB BCQHXB — HGRJUO^aiOX'B BGHRyE) MBIGJIB O HOrOH^ Sa HO- 
BHSHOi E MOAOS. 

Bo BCEROMB GJiy^at, GyAEXB XOMB, qxo MOsexB H ?ero He 
CMoacexB CA'l^JtaxB AhohIh, em^e gjihihromb pane. Oaa noRasajia gboh 
G£iooo6hogth noRa, rjiasnuHB o6pa80MB, bb BoeHHOMB ]i,1^jit, HoaxH 



J 



B'firjIUJI SAMfiTKH »EJITOfl OnACHOGTH. 51 

ycnteH, o'L to^kh spiHi^r KyjiLxypHaro npeycn^Hifl, Hiiinm ^hgto 
OTpHixaTejibHoe SHa^eHie. Bucrpue yoni^xH Ha btomi nonpan^'b yKa« 
BBiBaioTi na HecnoKoflHoe GocxoAHie napoAOB'by oxBjieqeHie chji otl 
HHpHofl pa6oTii. CoBpeMeHHufl pooTi ^HCjieHHocTH apMifl HeABy- 
GMucjreHHO yKasuBaeTi na rpodan^ifl onacHOCTH ajia iiHpa. Bi ooTaib- 
BUTh oipacjiaxx ^ejiOBi^ecKoft jutaxejiBHOCTH, bi ofijacxH nayKH, 

XeXHHKH H HCKyCCXBa MU A0JI2EHU DpH3HaXB XOJIBKO OJlflOl 9X0 flllO- 

Hifl pa6oxaex% h Mosexi pa6oxaxi> Ha axHxi nonpHiixaxi^ — na 
flonpHD^t HCKycGXBa, BapoqeMi^ Meaie, ^iMi na ^pyraxt; ho axoxii 
po^i j?*axejii>HocxH, 6001*6 ^tMx Kasofl-JiHfio ;5pyrofi, xpefiyexi 
npeAaniS, xpe6yex'B hikojih, a ^xo6ii noflxH Boepe^'B, JinoHi^aHi 
Heofixoi^Hifo ocBofiojojHXLca oxii rHeiymHii hxi npe^aHift h ycjiOBHO- 
Gxeft, BurcxynHXB na mnpoKifi nyxB rBo6oxHaro eBponeficsaro Hcsyc- 

CXBa H, OGBOHBmHCB Gl HHlil, Onpe^^JIBXb GBOH OXHOHieHlA El HpOHI- 

jiOMy. JIjix dxoro nyjsHa pa6oxa HtGSOJiBKHX'B nosojitHifi. AnepHsa 
Bi axoMi oxHonieHiH xopomifi o6pa8?HR'L jijia GpasHeHiH. He hm^h 
BepsoKjraGGHBix'b BejiH^HHi wh o6jiaGXH HaysH n jiHxepaxypu, amepH- 

SaBIlBI BGexaKH MOryXl BU^BHByXB A^GflXKHHUeH'By n0JII>8yK)II]^HXGJr 06- 
H^eiO B3BtGXH0CXBE). A ^XO GftiJiajIH OBH Bl 06jiaGXH HJiaCXHKH H HHBO- 

QHCH? 3a rpoMaxH&iff jieEhTE cKyoaioxi KapxHHu h Gxaxyn espo- 
neficKHXi MaGxepoBi. AMepHKaHGKie xyAOSHHKH yGep^HO pa6oxaH)xi 
Bi napHS*, MDHxeHi H wh Pniit; ho noKa en^e n^vh hh aiiepH- 

SaHGKOft mKOJlU, HH BHAaiOIIlHXGfl XyAOSHHROBl Gpe^H hhxx. 



m. 

RpoHi onaGeniS HamecxBia na Eepony h 6yAyni;eS rereicoHiH 
^HHsmHXi njieBieHi^, naGi nyraioxi HnoHGKoS npoMBinijieHHofi 
KOHsyppeHiiiefl, noxepeS puHKOBi ^jra Eepoau na BoGXOKt 
H saHflxieMi eBponeflcRHxi KOJioHifi bi bogxo^hlixi MopHxi. 
^AtcB, eGJH yroAHO, HtEOXopuH oaaGeHiff hm^dxi A^flGXBHxejB- 
Hyio noqay; ho ohh ghjilho npeyBejiHqeHii. Kohb^ho, llaoHia, 
jutKi ryGxo HaGBJieHHaH Gxpaea, 6yjierB hsi ro^a bx fo^'b 
pasBHBaxb gbok) o6pa6oxuBaioniyK) npoMBimjieHHOGXB, h ona paGxexi 
^pesBBiqafiHO 6eiIgtpo. HaapHMtpi, bi npHAHJiJbHofi npotfum- 
jieBHOoxH sa 12 jixi, gx 1887 r. no 1899 r., qacjio Bepexeai Gi 
70,000 BoapaGJio fl;o 2.070,000. Bmbobi h31 GxpaHU, gb 1868 r. 
no 1901 r., BOspoGi ch 15.000,000 ^o 252.000,000. XapasxepHBi 
xasse HSH^Beam h b'b GxaxbAXi BUBoaa: bi naqajit buboshjiogb 
cwpBe H bbobbjihgl $a6pHKaxH; ho noGxeneBHO BHAeHt nepexo^x 
Bi o6paxHyH) Gxopony. Ho bgjih 9XH yGn-bxH Moryxt yBJiOKaxb Ga- 
iCHXi anoai^eat, no^aBaTb HMi.noBOAH ki qecxojiK)6HBHMi MeqxaMi 
H, Gi Apyrofl GxopoHH, B036yHAaTB GaHrBBHHqeGKiji onaGenia bi 
GjHfflKOM'L HepBeHXi eBponeflcKHXt HMnopxepaxt, xo xpesBuft na- 

^jHOAaxeJTb fl.oJiacen'B oxHecxHGL Kt bthmi i^H^paMi, nanefflAaM'B 

4* 



52 PyOOROB BOrATCTBO. 

H onaceHiflMi c% 6oj[L]nofl ocTopoiBHOCTLD. PoGTi pe6eHRa njsfirh 
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jiHCL HOBue 3apa6oTKH H HoBue puHRH }^Jifl c6£iTa, Macoa Hapo^a 
AOJisHa 6bijia HaRHHyTLCfl Ha hobuA sapafioTORi; BuroAHOOib ho- 
BEixi 8apa6oTROB'B AOJisna Cujia OTpasHTBoa 6£igtp£im% pocTOMi 
npoHSBOACTBa. Oho nonpHAepsHBajiocB bi Haqajii Heo6xoAHMOCTLK) 

]S,JIB HOBOt npOHUmJieHHOCTH OSHaKOMHTB O'B C06ofi pUHORl, HaflXH 

OBoero noTpe6HTejiH. Jl^ooTHrnyBi 8Toro, pooTi nomejii BpeMenHo 
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KaR% ^ohati pa6oqHX'b pysi ho desipaHH^eHi, ne 6e8rpaHH?HU 
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hIh MoiEeTi o^tjiaTBCH onacHofl ROHKyppeHTSofi no Bci^Mi Rpyn- 
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TOJiBRo MesAy HiROToputfH cTaTBHMH npoH8Bo;i;cTBa. Hto trq Ka- 
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BcemipHaro npoi^ecca, h pocxi npoMLimJieHHOGxn bi flaoniH ne go- 
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H AOJiSHa paGXH. Egjih m£I GpaBHHui, sa naxHji,eGflXHjitTHiS nepioA'B, 
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AHMi, 9X0 H xaii'b jif^Jio ;i;BHrajioGB h poGJio nqqxH HenpepuBHO. 
KpoMt flnoHiH, MHoriH ffpyrin Gxpanu BLiGxyuHJiH Ha nonpnn^t 
MipoBoro o6Mi^Ha. Bi Hxajiin pasBHJiOGL GyAOGxpoenie, bi IHBefi- 
^apiH — MamHHOGxpoHxejiLHoe a*Jio. 

IlpH BGxynjieHiH na xoxi ace nyxB KHxan, roho^ho, bi ntRO- 
xopuxi npoHBBO^GTBax'B, KOTopuH upHBBioxGH H ynpoqaxGA Ha JlajB- 
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HOBUMH Gxpanaun; ho otl axoro ^ajieKO eni;e j^o rH6eJiH esponefi- 
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MBimjieHHOM'B Gxpo^ 9X0 HBJieHie HeH86'basHO. noAo6HBrxi gxojirho- 
Benifl, Aaxe npoMLinuieHHux'B KaraGxpo^'B ne najio mosho s^axB 
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BaAepsaxB paBBHxie Kexan, HdohIh h HhaIh, naGxajii 6bi 80- 
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noMO^B XOJIBRO npasHJiBHaH opraHHsai^iflr BceMipsaro npoHBBO^GXBa, 
peryjinpoBanie ero GOo6pa3HO HajiHqHBiMi noxpe6HOGXHM'B, aa^epssa 
ace pasBExiH npoMBiniJieHHOGXH xojbro Banyxaei'B ptineHie axoro 
BonpoGa. 

TojiRyioxx xaRHce, qxo ffnoHia Moacexi hox^ghhxb eBponefi- 
HeBx Bi Hxi ROjiOHiaxi. Ho o RaBHXB ROJEOHiaxi Hfliexi p*qB? 



BSrjLIA 8AM%TKH flCBJITOfl OUAOHOOTH. .58 

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CB XIX-Ml. 

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4 pyaoKOB bofatotbo. 

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Homenie h BUSBajio CHMnaxiH HH^o-RHTaficRaro nacejieHifl. Eojih 
eBpoaefli](u sejiaioxi hh^xb oboh rojiohIh b'b 3R30XH?ecRHxi cxpa- 
naxi, xo oaHufi BipHuft nyxB ri axoHy 6yAex'& saRJUoiaxLCA b'b 
cj[iAyK)iueH'B: HaAo6Ho ao6hxlcji xaRoro nojio2ReHlH, npH Koxopom 
nysBHO 6wL0 6u h nocjiiAHie ^Ba 6axaj[iOHa oojiAaxi bub6oxh Ed's 
oxpaHEi, a BMi^cxo EHXi nocjiaxB ^exupe 6axajiioHa yqnxejiefi, xex- 
HHROBi H arpoHOMOB'B. Tor^a HE flnoEiE, BE KExafi Ee 6yAyx'B 
oxpamEU npeAcxaBExejiEM'& 6tjiofi paou. 



ly. 

CqExaa xojire o EamecxBiE MOErojiBCREX'b njieneE'L Ea 3ana^ 
njiOAOMi EcnyraEEofi ^aExasiE^ a pacnpocxpaEeEie KyjEBxypBC Ea 
Bocxo^suE EJieiieEa — rpoMaAEum ycntxoM'B ^jee Bcero ^ejiOBtne- 
cxBa, MBi, x'bM'B Ee MeEte, j^ojixeu 00060 pascMOxpixB BonpocB o 
nojiosefliE PoccIe^ b'b BE^y oe 6j[Ed0CTE r'b npoc£inaion](efiGE Aais* 
EcjiE BOEECXBOEEoe EamecxBio CEEO-EQOEaeB'B Ea 3aaaAEyio Espony 
EBjiEexcE ^tjiOMO^ Rpafiso EeBtpoEXEUH'E^ xo ]i,Jia PocciE Bonpoci^ 

nOBEAEMOMy, GXaBflXCE EiCROJIBRO EEa^O. HaOEia 06lEBEJia EaMl 

BoflEy, E Boxi yace Bxopoft toa'b coxee xBiCEqi JiOAefi oxpuBaioxcA 
oxo^ coMofi E oxi MEpEaro xpy^a, a^cexre xBtcnqi Eapo;^a 
rfl6syxi e Kajiiqaxca, coxee MEJiJiioHOBi py6j[efi xpaxExcE. 
mwh se BUBBaEa axa BofiEa? PasBt Bpas^ofi r'b seJixoft pact 
E cxpaxoH'B nepeA'B xejixofl EanacxBD?.. Mh cjeeeirom'b jiojiro 

SEJIE pEAOlMCB CI KEXaOM'B E HoOEiefi B'B MEpEUX'B OXEOEie- 

eIex'b, mh B'B oocxaBt poccifioRaro EacejieEla EMi^en'B cxojibro pas- 

EOpOAEEIXl EJieMeE'B E XaRl npEBHRJIE R'B EEM'B. Ob RaROfi CXaXE 

EaMi BApyrB socnnjiaxB rb asiaxaifB pacoBofi EesaBECxBio? Ilponie 
E ecxecxBOEBie 06'BEGEEexGE a^jio xi^M'B, qxo rpaEEi^u AByx'B rocy- 
^apcxB'B xi&CEO o6jie3ej[ecb, ebejeecb cxojiREOBeEiE EsxepecoBB, RO- 
xopuE Ee y^ajiocB mepoj[K)6ebo eoroe^exb, rbr'b Eepi^^RO EOE?a- 
JiECB se^opaByMiEiE cb BanaAEUHE cocij^ME^ ^a e gb eeme— Ee 
Bcer^a. 

EcjEE onacEOcxE e xpy^EOCXE boSeei cb ilnoslefi ORaBajiECB ro- 
pasAO BEa^ExejEBEie, ^^mb xyMa^E MEorie, xo cxojiREOBeEie cb 
PepMaBiefi, — a oeo B^ji,h bobmohcbo, — bo BctxB oxEomeEiEXB B'B 
;^ecEXRE pasB cxpamEte. TaRB ejie EEa^e^ xoio ejee ^pyrofi miflofi, 



B^rjiujar bamatrh o sisjiTofl onACfiOCTH. 55 

MU BcexaKH He ccopBMCJar oi FepHaHieft. Mu He BoenaJiH ci Ilpyc- 
clefi nocjit ceMHJiiTHefi boAhu; to^ho TaEse BecBMa boshosho, qio 
H 01 flaoHiefi hu Be^eHi nepByio h nocJit;i;Hiox) boShj. HaAesAT 
HadTO AaDTL Ham, KpoHi oosHaniH tpjahocth boAhu ji^jis. o6ohx'e 
npoTHBHHKOBi, eii^e H peaji&Hue BsaHMHue HHTepecu o6iBxi CTpaHi. 
flaoHia, HeooMHiHBO, Hysji;aeTCH bi ctBepHuxi pii6Hi]xx jiobjcaxi 
TaKi me, kakl FepMaHiji b% HameMi xji^6t. 

B% HamHXi o6jiacTHXi AifypcKofl h IIpHMopcKofi cothh, TuoaqH 

HHOHIHeB'E HaXO^HJIH DOOTOHHHUfi 8apa6oTOK'E. 

JIjUH HacTL AaoHiHy bi HHTepecaxi sojoEOHHsai^iH Majio HacejieH- 
naro Kpan, npej^CTaBJiflerE Tose neMajiufi HHxepecE. Bcero, nys- 
Haro js^si o68aBeAeHlH Ha hobomi ntcxi^, kojiohhcti> BBiBesTH ci 
co6ofi He Moseii, a ecjiH h BUBeserL, to HHCTpyMenrE h yiBapL 
TpeCyuTL no^HHser, peHOHTa. PeifecjieHHHKOBi pyocsHxi na J^ajLB- 
Hem BooTOKt bshtl ner^t: Hi's h bi pyccKExi A^peBHHXi HajoEO. 
npH dTHxi ycjEOBinxi cociAOTBO GTpaHEi, KHinaH^efi peMecjieHHH- 
KaifH, HBJiHeTCH HaoTOHH^HMi A^poHi doroBi. Hto dujii 6h Ilexep- 
6ypn 70 ztvh TOMy nasa^'B 6081 peHecjieHnHKOBi-HtMineBi h xpy- 

rflX'L HHOCTpaHI][eBl? 

Hama MejiKan npoHumjieHHOCTb 6uj[a nocTEBJieHa xaRi njioxo, 
9T0 OAHa yse HHOCTpaHHaa ^aM^jiin Maoxepa cjiysHJia peKOneHAa- 
luefi. He TOJTLRO HSA^JiiH, cjiysanuH ^h EOM^opxa, ;^ase rpydue 
sojioTonpoHEimjieHHEie HHOTpyMeHTu: jiomh, safljiHr, JionaTu, to- 
nopu^ MOJioTH Ha npiHCKaxi nojiyHajiHCL bi AiiypcKOM'b Kpai hbi 
AnepHKH. BosMOSHOCTL HMtTB HO coc^AOTBy peMecJteHHHKa, pu- 
HOKi., i^eHTpi npoHSBOACTBa BHa^HxejiBHO o6jier?ajia 6£i Tpy^nyK) 
pa5oTy KOJioHHsaiopa. Ecjih HhohIh Mtmajia h Mtmaexi Ham xe- 
nepL B% HamHxi njiaHax'E, xo npeAcxaBHifL ce6t na MHHyxy, ixo 
BecL HHOHGKifi apxHQejiarE Hacejieni ooxhhmh xpeHH xHonqi Ka- 
KHXi-HH6yAB aHHOBt HJEH HroppoxoBi. J^ooycxHMi eHJ^e (xoace Heni- 
poHXHyK) Ben^B)^ ?xo bhjioxb ao AoroBopa, oxAaBmaro b'b name BJia- 
A^Hie yrojioKi oxi ycxBH ycoypn ao Mopn, HHOAHa hbi MopcKHxi 
AepsaBi He no8a6oxHjiacB saxBaxHXB dXH saMan^HBLie ocxpoBa. Jly^me 
jiH 6ujio HaMi, ecjEH 6h nepeA'B naMH cxoHJia ne RyjiBxypnaH 
£[noHiH, a nycxupB? HeysejiH ri 8a6oxaM'B h nenooHJiLHOMy xpyAy 
R0JD[OHH3aE(iH CH6HpcRHXi Ae6pefi nojiesHO 6£iJio 6b[ npHoaBHXB en^e ho- 
Byio saAa^y, RojoEOHHsai^iiD i^ijiaro apxHnejiara. Ecxb npeA^Jm aRCxeH- 
CHBHaro pasBHxiH rooyAapcxBa^ Roxopue HejiBSfl napymaxB 6e8HaRa- 
saHHO. EcjiH caMa flnoHifl pasBHJia RysBxypy na ocxpoBaxi bocxo?- 
Haro OReana, xaRi b^a^ dTO cxohjio eft xHCJi^eJiixHflro xpyAa. Mu 
se, npH HaniHxi rpoMaAHux'B npocxpaHcxBaxx, MorjiH 6u 8ace- 
JIHXB Roe-RaRi 8xy xeppHxopiK) xojibro Ha cqexi 0CJia6jieHiH hjeox- 
HOCTH i^eHxpa H npH rpoHaAHux'B saxpaxax'B hbi rocyAapcxBeHHaro 
6iDAseTa na c^exib nacxoHxejiBHiflniHX'B nysA'B iitenxpa. HnoniH cy- 
n^ecxByexi, 6jiaroAapH MejiRofi HHxeHOHBHofi RyjiBxypi, paBHofi 
Roxopofi EiTh Bo BceMi CB^xi. KaRi 6h cnpaBHJiHCB ci axofi 



56 PJ'GCROE BOrATGTBO. 

saAa^efi mu h bo ckoj[i>eo BiEOBi? Msoroe ysaaEiBaeTi, qxo ko- 
jiOHHsai^ioHHaH CHJia pyccsofl HaitioaajibHocTH 6j!B8Ka ki npe^'bjiy. 
KaKi o6iiicBHTb, BanpHMtpi, ycrjnsy Hamnxi aiiepHEaHcsHX'B bjeb- 
A'i^Hifl? He nyjsiia se b% toS cKpoMHofi cyMMt jifiuerh, KOTopaa sa 
nee sanjiiaqeHa, BusBaJia dry ycxynsy. IIpocTo y saci He xBaTBJio 
cHJii He TOJibso yTHJiH8HpoBaTi», HO H pasBtj^aTb dTy CTpaHy, a sa- 
n^HTHTb ee mu h lenepb 6u He MorjiBl AasHo 6u ysi i^tJiiie jsfi- 
cjiTSH MHJiJiiapAOBi AociajiH flooHi^u noA'B KjiOHAafisoMi. daTim 
MB] o6M'bHfljiH Ha fosHBifl CaxajiHHi Kypajibcsie ocTpoBa; ho h Ca- 
xajiEHi y HBci Toace ocxaeTCfl He HcaojibsoBaHHUMi, EaRi h 6ub 
mafl y Haci ocxpoBnaH rpji^a. IIojibayioTCA lorom CaxajtHHEy rJiaB 
HiiMi o6pa80Mi, Tt se HHOfliiu. CaxajiBHi a^h Haci ao cetl nopi 
TOjibKO KaTopsnaa sojiOHiH, KOTopan caHa ce6H npoRopuHTb He ho- 
seTB. noGJit ocBo6osj^eHifl orb iioHrojioB'b boa cHJia h apeAapinu- 
HHBOCTb pyccKaro Hapo;i;a ymjia bi ROJioHHsaaioHHyio pa6oTy, h 8Ta 
HHTeBCHBHafl pa6oTa sa^epacajia pa6oTy BHyTpeHHioK), pa6oTy HaAi> 
CBoefi asHBHbK), HaA'B CBOHMH yqpesAeHiHKH. SaBoeeaHie Ch6hph, ko- 
jiOHHsamiH Ha BocTosi curpajHH ne MajiyK) pojub bi pasBHTiH KptnocT- 
Horo npaea, saKi axo noAMi^THJi'b oahhi h31 HarnHxik ncTopHEOB'b, ^np- 

COBl. OTKpUJIHCb HOBUa SeMJIH, H pa60THHR'b, BtftCTO TOrO, 7T06b[ OCTa- 

BaxbCH Ha seHJii noMin^HRa noAi yGjiOBiejui ofiasaiejibHaro xpy^a, 
TOJinaMH mejii hi CH6Hpb. Tau'b ero s^a^H HesaHflXbiH seMJiH, KpoT- 
Rie, sanyraHHue nnopoAi^U) Ha^i* ROxopuMH OH'b caMi Mon ca^- 
jiaxbCfl noMin^HROM'b. HapoA'b orh dxoro Drang nach Osten yAep- 
SHBajiH npHHyAHxejibHUMa MtpaiiH. H xeaepb, hi HOAaBHee BpeMfl, 
npH Haqajii nepecejieHqecRaro ABHseniH, noAHHMajiH Boajib. noMi- 
n^HRH, 6oHGb ocxaxbCH 6631 A^meBbixi pa6oxHHROBi. Hbgio MHpHaa, 
RyjibxypsaH pa6oxa, Roxopan HAexi y nacx xaRX MeAJieHHO, a%- 
Jiaexi AJifl Haci caMUfl saManqBHUH hobuh npio6ptxeHiH noAap- 
RaMH Aanafiqefii^ oGo5eHHO RorAa hi pesyjibxax^ HBJiHiDXGa 6i^A- 
cxbIh BofiHbi, RaRi Bx HacxoHH^ee BpeniH. PacnojioseHHEie hi epe- 
AHHt Gxaparo ROHXHneHxa, mu ho nojibsyeHGH BuroAaHH cBoero 
i^enxpajibHaro nojioiReHiH, RaRi>, HanpHMtp'b, FepMaHia. Pojib no- 
ojii^AHeS Mosex'b nepeflxH nocxeneHHO k% HaHi, ho He HHaqe, rbri 
no Mtpi HarnHxi ycatxoB'b na nyxH npocBtnueHin h Ryjibxypu. 

Mu AOJiSHbr, BO qxo 6u xo hh Gxajio, cxaxb hi. poBOHb cb Ryjib- 
xypofl OBponeficRofi, ne n^aAH hh chjii, hh HSAepseRi, oGxaBJiBH 
B'b cxopoHt bchrIh HHUfl coo6paxeHiH ?ecxojiH)6iH h SRaasA^ cjEaBu. 
Pojib Hama B'b i^enxpt ROHXHHenxa craHOBHxcH oco6eHHO cepbea- 
Hofi H BasHofi B'b BHAy RyjibxypHaro BOCRpecenifl BocxoRa. He ce- 
roAHfl, xaRi aaaxpa Haifb Heo6xoAHMO 6yAex'b noAroxoBHXbca Ri 
axofi pojiH. 

A. KjieMeHu^. 



HOBKTff RHHTB. 57 



I 



HoBLIfl KHHrH. 



n. 0. TeuHrHHi. DpiitiaJiTiftcBle Haiii;BU. CTHxoTBopeHiH. PHra. 
1905. 

Po6Kle SByBH. CraxoiBopeHlH OjftrH Jlte. Cn6. 1904 r. 

^TO HHTepecyerL h BOJiHyexi coBpeHeHHuxi cTEXOTBopmeBi? 
nepej(i» HaMH ABt KHHrH, npHHa^JiesBaii^iH, o^obhaho, Ha^HHaion^HMi. 

He CMOxpA Ha He6oj[Bmie paaHipu khhskh r. FeHHrnHa, Haj^o 
yii0Tpe6HTB HtKOTopoe ycHJiie bojih, qTo6ii AO^HxaTb ee ao soHi^a. 
PasAiJieHa ona na ^exBjpe ^acxH, cooxBixcxBOHHO xeMan, saHHiiaK)- 
H^HMi noaxa. nepBaa saneqaxjiiHa caMiiMi BoaBunieHHUM'b naxpio- 
XH8H0MI. r. reHHrHHi npHBBiBaexx PycL ^BcxpenenyxbCH ffJiH fftn 
BejiHEHXi", yrposan (sobojiiho, BHpo^eifB, 6e8o6HAHo) aJiOMy ne- 
Wyry: 

PyCb CHJIbHa MOJIHTBOA, 

He cpasHMa 6HTB0fl. 

He 166* T5iraTbC5i, 

Ch;IOK) MtpflTbCSI 

Ci* PycbK) B-b noji'b 6paHH0M'b, 

KpOBbK) OKpOnJieHHOM-b. 

H xasi saJii^e... Biopas h xpexLH qacxH nepenojiHeBEi 3Eajio6aMH 
: Ha xocKy, CHi^aroniyK) aBXopa. ^HxaeniL ero „HeBy**, ^Yxeci**, 

[ »Py^efl", ^JlBHHy" h npo^., h npo^., h npoq. — h 6e3Haj5e»HyiD xocKy 

I Hasisaexi dxoxi noxosi 6jAjs,nuTh cjhobi^ 6j[i^AHuxi ^pasi, 6jiijir 

Huxi BupaseHifl, jiBion^HxcH 6631 KOHina. Aase Hejitnuji pnoMBi h 
„nocXHHecKiH'' bojilhocxh ho bi cHjiaxi pasfiyAHXB ^HxaxejiH oxi 
I OBJiaA^Baion^efl ApoMU... 

f Vrpo )KH3HH cB'feT;io pa3ropa;ioc5i, 

! Ho o nojiACHb rposa pasbirpaAacfi; 

4to B-b Memax-b uatJio h ^yMajiocb, 

>Kh3HH HCTHHa HaAT* BCfeMT* nOUadlAyMUjMCh. 

3a TO ^exBopxafl ^acxL ^nantooBi'' nocBHn^ena no^XH iiijiHKOH'E 

! niOHHMl JII)6bH, npOHHRHyXUHl GBOeo6pa8HOfi SHBHepaAOCXHOCXLK): 

3a AHHMH noTepb h cepAeMHwx-b o6Ha,'h 

HbH;ICH ACHb apKift — OH'b CMaCTbeMT* o6jiHrb, 
Oaii CB'^THTb H MaHHTb ua CHHIOK) Aa;ib, 

M Bi HeMi H Kpy)Kyc5i (}) — Murb ueneto oicaAh!.. 



Mae: 



Of HyAHbifi Aapii, nsbiKi) oneft! 
He HaAo uaM-b HHux-b p-feqeft^ 
Fjiaaa roparb h roBopflTb, 
Asa cepAua muaumu meopjtfm,.. 



58 pyOOROfl BOrATOTBO. 

Bee 8T0 npeKpaoHO, ho... ho npn ?eMi Tyn ^IIpiLdajimiilcKie 
HantBLi?^ He hotomj se bch KHnra othxobi thri nasuBaeTCH, tto 
B'h caMOiTL nocjiiAHeHi oxHxo^^opeHlH noari yroBapHBaen obod 

BHaKOHyi) N. N. OCXaBBTL 

5a;iT0Bi> Kpaft sjiocHacTHbift 
Ero cyAb6t — ero cbiHaMi>, 

HJiH ^To ABa— xpH OTHXOTBopeHia aocBHE^enu HeBi h JlBHHi?.. He 

TOJIBKO Bl Pflrt, HO H BO BGHKOMl pOCCiflCROMl POpOj^i MOSHO 
BOTpiTHTb XaSHXl TOCSyDIUHXX rHMHaSHCTOBl, HO TOnepL OHH Me- 

Hie HHTepecHu, ^'6m'l Rorxa-JiHCo... 

EcjiH 6u B% raaeTaxi, sypnajiaxi h oTfftJiLHBix'E c6opHHRax'b 
He noHBjiHJioGB xaRoro yj^pyqaion^aro MHOsecxBa cxhxobi^ nopofi 
JHOBOJILHO npHJiH^Huxi HO $opMi^ xo H „po6Kafl^ Hysa r-snOjiLrH 
JiLe, Mosexi 611XL, Hamjia 6u ce6i yRpoMHufi yrojioRi y noAHOsifl 
pyccRaro HapHaca. 

5;itAHO-CHH5I5I UTJia 

riejieHOK) ;ier;ia 

Ha crpeMHHHfai h Aa;ibHi5i ropbi: 
Ms-b-sa rop-b, H3i>-3a CKajii*, 
Cjiobho flCHbiJ! ueTSiJijrh, 
. 3a6jiHCTa;io r;iy6oKoe mope. 
3a6jiHCTa;io oho 

M CJIHJIOCH Bl) OAHO 

C-b He6ocBOAOM'b. M thxo, h CTpaHHo: 
B-b Hedecaxi) CHHeBa — 
riojiycoHHa, MepTBa; 
Ha aeMJvh — hh cb'^tjiO; hh TyMauHO. 

8x0X1 ^PascBixi noGjit rposu^ HH^tMi ne xyse xuchhh spy- 
THXi ^PaBCBixoBx", ^Yxpi** H „3aRaxoBi", H8;i;aBHa xHHymHxcH 
6edROHe?Hofl BepeHHinefi nepe^'B rjiasaMH pyccRofl ^Hxaion^efi ay6j[HRH. 
Bi o6n^eMi hhgrojilro He xyse ez% h GJEi^yioniaH RapxHHRa: 

KaKafl 6;iaroAaTb! Kaxan THiuHHa... 
rioBtsijio TenjiOMi cb BbicoKHxi} o6;iaKOB'b. 
CnoKoeHi) Mopn 6;iecK'b: He ojieiuercH BOJina, 
He 6beTC5i o rpaHHTb cypOBuxi 6eperoB'b. 
Bi 6e3Mo;iBiH hohhomi, bi* cinHiH Jiynbi — 

TaK-b MHOrO KpaCOTbl, laKl) MHOrO HOSHSHbl, 

Mto TJiSLS-h He ysHaerb AasHo SHaKOMbix-b Mtcrb: 
3e;ieHbiJ! nuiUHbifi Kycrb u daotce tOAUu mecrm^ 
KaK-b 6yAT0, o6BH;iHCb cepe6pflHofl napqefti 
M qyAHTCH Te6'fe, mo bt* aiy hohb h tu * 

Hauiejii) BT> cBoefi ayuit qacrauy KpacoTu, — 
M xoqeTCH ;iK)6HTb, jiK)6vnb Becb Mipi> aeiiHoft! 

TojiLRo Boxi 8X0X1 ^rojiufi meGxi'' neMHOSRO ROJiexi rjiasa. 
H Ha 170 GxpannqRaxi G6opHHRa r-SH Ojilfh JLhe xaRHxib rojuixi 
meGxoB'b nona^aexGn neifajLo... OGo6eHHO b% ea ^HAefiHuxi^ gxh* 
xoxBopeniHxi meexoHi xop^Hxi Bcerj^a xeHAeH^iJf, cBH^xejiLOXByio- 



HOBUJI RHHrH. 59 

maji, npaB^^a, o ryMaHHuxi qjBCTBa noaxeccu, ho He BBixoAHm;ai[ hsi 
spyra ^oboilho aJieiieHTapHuxi SHTefiosHXi OTHomeHifi. 

^HTaemL h ;iyMaeniB: kajs.% AaJieKO see bto otl Toro, ^i^xi sh- 
Berh Bi HacToamyio MHHyTy Poccia! 



HHaseropOACBift e6opHHKi. Hsr. TOBapHmecxBa .3HaHie-. Cn6. 1905. 
B'L OTJiH^ie OTi o6bmEUTh BuayosoBi c6opBHKa „3HaBifl*', 
^HflseropoAGsifl c6opHHK'L^, Bunyn^oHHufi t^mi se KHHroHSAaTOJib- 
cTBOM'b (bi nojibsy o6ii^eoTBa BaaHMonoHOciH y^an^Bxi HHSEceropo^- 
GKofi ry6epHiH — Ha ycTpoficxBO o6niesHTifl js^a. yqHTOJi&cKHX'b a%- 
Tefi), HMteTi CMtmaHHufl xapasrepx, h bi neifB, KpoHt npoHSBO- 
AOHiS HBfln^Hofi jiHTepaxypu h HaiepiajiOB'b jpa xapasTepncTHKi (A. n. 
?exoBa H B. T. KopojiOHKo)^ HMtioTCH cxaxLH H no ApyrHM'L OT^t- 
jiaHi jiHTepaxypLi. 

CBoeo6pa3HJufi HHTepecL npe^oxaBjifliorE „OxpuBSH bsi bocho-^ 

HHHaHiS 061 A. n. HexoBf r. TopsKaro. FoBopHMx: „CBoeo6pa8- 

Hiifl^^ noxoMy qxo BcaoMHHaxB Bcer^a sHa^Hxi nepeBo^HXB xo^ qxo 

BcnoMHHaemB, Ha asuki gbohxi Go6cxBeHHBix'E BossptHifl, GHMnaxifi 

H oxHomeHifi s^b JiiojifiWh. Ho o6a nHcaxejTH — HexoBi h M. PopBEiS — 

xas'L HenoxosH o^hhi na Apyroro no cBoefi HBAHBHAyajiBHOcxH, 

HTO ^nepeBOA'b'' bi AaHHOMi cjiyqai npoACxaBJiAex'E 0Gb6ufl HHxepecL. 

HajiHqHOCXfi xaKoro ^nepenoAa'' o^enb hgho GKaauBaexGx Wh Htso- 

xopHXi anHdOAaxi, BGnoHHHaeHUX'b r. Poplkhmi. TasoBur, nanp., 

pa8CKa3u aBxopa BOonoMBHaHifi o xomi, KaKi HexoBi 6eGiA0Baj['& 

CE xpoMH noGtxHxeJiBHHqaifH MapiteJiaAt bm^gxo rpeso-xyp6i][KOfi 

boShh^ a Gi ^KpaGHBeHLKHMii xoBapHnieM'L nposypopa'^ o rpaHMO- 

$0H^ BMtcxo BonpoGa xoMi, npaBi hjih nenpaBi vh qexoBCKOH'L 

„3j[oyMuniJieHHHKf GjrtAOBaxejiL, oxnpaBHBmifi JleHHoa b'e xiopBMy 

sa oxBHH^eHHyH) rafiRy. Tas'E se Btpoflxna najiH^HOCxL ^nepoBOAa'' 

H B'E paaGKaat r. PopBsaro o xomx^ sasi HexoBi OAHasAu noA- 

xBepAHJi'B A^Mt, sajioBaBmeflGfl na cboio cKyKy xhxb (xose noctxH- 

xejiBHHi^*), Hxo y Hea A*flcxBHxejiBHO 6ojii3HB — 6ojit8HB, Koxopaa 

,no-JiaxHHH HasHBaexGa morbus pritvorialis"... He GOMHtBaeMca, ixo 

BGe 6uj[o HHOHHO xasi, Kasi pasGKaaBiBaex'B r. FopLKifi, ho cxojib se 

HeooHHiflHo AJiA HaGi, ^T0 Bi A'bficxBHxeJiBHOGXH HO 6hijio xofi... „npo- 

cxoxu*, KaKas ^yBGXByexGH b% .nepeBOA^'', He GMOxpjar na peMapKH 

aexopa BOcnoM HHaHiS, qxo ^exoBi roBopnjii ^jiaGKOBO'' h „gi Kpoxsofi, 

jEi]D6e3Hofi jjihi6Koi**y a o 6ojii8HH^ RoxopaH no jiaxBiHH naauBaexGH 

„Mop6yGi npHxeopHJiHGO^^ roBopHJii „y6tojieHHo'^, npH^eMi .A&Ma, 

Ki en oqacxBK), bhahho, ne snajia no-JiaxuHH, a Mosexi 6uxb, GRpujia, 

qxo BHaexi*^... SaMixHMi, qxo bIia^ Bce axo 6iijih tocmu ^exona, 

xoTJi 6u HenpiaxHue, h npaxoMi oKemi^UHu^ 0% RoxopuMH o6uqHo 

CAepsKHoaioxGH A^se HecAopiKaHHue jiidah. 

Boo6nte, npHXOAHXGH aaictxHXB, qxo b% H8o6paseHiH r. FopBRaro 
^exoB'L HBjiHexGa xo HOMHOSRO GxpaHHBiMi (Hanp., RorAa OHl OfilH- 



60 pyOCKOl BOrATOTBO. 

CHAeTi casfOMj ce6i hjih r. FopbROMj, ?to MHe6jaroHaAe3KjBOOTi>^ — 
^oynoe cjiobo^ EOTopBim XHxpue j[K)Ah nyraioTi AjpaROBi''), to 
HspAAHO, saKi Hu BHA'bJiH, rpy6uMi. H 8to o6oTOATeJii>GTBO, ecTe- 

CTBeHHO^ JieSHTl Ha OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH F. FopBKarO nepOA'b naHJITBK) 

HexoBa... Otm'6thm'& eme o^hhi xapaKTepHufi anBsoAi. Bi nepe 
ffaqt r. FopBKaro — ^exoBi JiHTepaTypHuxi kphthkobi cpaBHEjn 
oj^easAH CO oji^^nHflMH^ Koxopue chaati na Kpynrb y jiomaAH (xy- 
AOSBHKa-nHcaxejifl), sor^a xa pa6oxaeT'B xasi, ^xo Bci^ Mycsyjru 
HaxAHyxH, KaKi cxpyBu sa K0Hxpa6aci^... IlycxL Bce axo 6ujio xaEi, 

H HeXOBl HMOHHO XaKl H BUpaSHJICH. Ho AyMaJI'B JIB OHl, qxO 8X0 

KorAa-flH6yAi> nona^exi vh ne^axb? H m^ ^ero Hyseai axoTi 
„Kpaco7fliafi" oxsLiB'fc HexoBa? Bi hlbxi obi HHxepecax'E? B'b hhto 
pecaxi naHflXH ?exoBa? Bi BBxepecaxi pyccKofi jiHxepaxypu? Bi 
HBxepecaxi. jiBxepaxypnaro HMenH caMoro r. FoptKaro? — jyMaeMi, 
^xo 8X0 HH B'E ^BBXi Hflxepecaxi. 

PaRCKasi r. TejiemoBa „Cjiyqafl* saAyMaH'B HeoCuHHO h hh- 
xepecHO XnojiydaMepsmiS HxajibHHei^'B ci o6e8LBHofi 8a aasyxofi, 
HeHSBi^cxHO Kasi nonaBmiS aa yjiHi^y 6ojiBnioro pyccKaro ropoAa, 
Bi xpecKy^ifi Moposi* o6paii;aexGfl sa noMon^BK) kx xaKBMi ace sa- 
Ko^eHtBrnHMi 6ocflEaM%; saHBxepecoBaHHue ofieaLHBofi, Socakh oKa- 
8UBaH)x*E HxajiBflHuy A'i^HTeJiBHyK) noMom;i» h, bi ROHi^t kohi^obi, 
oxnpaBjiaioxi ero aa poAHBy, Ha cpe^cxBa, aoShxha „co BajroMom** — 
Bi BHHHofl JiaBKt); HO pascKasy M'6niaex'& xoh:b, b^e KoxopoM'B owh 
BHAepKaHx, F, TejiemoBy ho yAaaocB rjiaBHoe, qxo Morjo cociaBHXb 
spacoxy paBCEasa: ho yji;ajiocb ooxpanaxB 6ocbeob'e peajisHJUMH 6o- 
offsaMH, X. e. o6ij?HO tojioahumh e 03Jio6jieHHBiMH JiioABMH, H noxoMy 
paacsas'B HeptAKO npHHHMaexi HAHJUiEqecsyio OEpacsy. 

CEasaxL, qxo xBsejiBifi pascEasi v-mvL nycxuHHHEOBOfi („JI|yHi»sa^) 
HOAypHO HanncaHl, 6uxb Moxexi, 8Ha«iHX'& — csasaxL, qxo ohi» mo- 
acexT* ocxaBHXL y qnxaxejia ^yBCXBO niEoxoparo yAOBJiexBopema npo- 
^HxaHHUMO^. Ho HMeHHo 8xoro-xo H HejiBBE cEasaxB pascsast r-SH 
HycxBiHHHSOBofl: eAHHcxBOHHoe ^yBcxBo, Eoxopoe owh ocxaBjiflerB 
npH ^xeniH, dxo— acejianie He B'bpHXB, qxo paacEasaHHoe bosmosho, 
9X0 8X0 — 6BIJIB B'E jiHxepaxypflofl nepeAait, a ne BUMUcej[%, xaro- 
cxHBifi H HenysEHBit. Ho He BipHXB He npHxoABXoa: r. FopBEifi bi 
CBoeM'B pascEast ^yAtsoqEa" (aocji'bojioBiH e'b «JI,yHBsi^) He ocxaB- 
jiflerB Mi^cxa coHHi^HiH), ?xo A'bfloxBHxejiBHOcxB ^Ha AB^'' Moacexi 
6uTB cxpamnie BOHEaro BMMticjia... 

»Boj[BnioS ^ejiOBi^Ei h MajieHBsifi He jioBtsi " Biqno 6opoj£HCB 
wh Aynii repoH r. THHSOBCEaro, h repofi BcexAa 6Brjii na cxopoH^ 
^MajieHBsaro HejiOBtEa'', xaEJse sasi h jiio6HHaH hmi seHn^HHa^ 
noxoMy qxo bx Ay nit y nea xose B'bqHO xopsecxBOBaJia „Maj[eHBsaa 
HeHn^HHa''. H 8xo HeH8MiHHoe npEHHasenie ^BojiBmoro HejiOBisa'' 
6uJio o6ohm:b npiaxHO h noHaxHo, «nosa si Hyssy ne aoAKpajiacB 
OMepxB". TojiBEO xyxi jiio6HMofi seHHiHHi cxajo 60JIBHO H neno- 
HflXHO, saE'B Mooa oHa noMoraxB jindnMOMy ^cJiOBiEy xopoHHXB wh 



HOBUA KB ere. 61 

ce6ft sasHBO „BojiBnioro ^ejoBtsa'', KOTopufi Tenepb cxajii n j^opon, 
H 6jiH80K:b... BoTL cjTB H66ojii>inofl Beii^Hi^u T. TflMKOBCsaro, Tenjio 
HanHcaHHofl (bi rohi^) h HtoEOJOEbEO nocTpaAaBineft oti hohotoh- 

HOfl CHHMeTpHlHOCTH 6opb6£I iieKffJ „BoJILQIHM'b^ H ^MaJIBlMl ^eJIO- 

BtsoMi^, cocTaBJiaioii^eft coAepsaaie nepBuxi rjiaBOsi. 

Ha Ty se tomj o abjxi Ayniaxi bi ^ejoEOBist HanHcaH'E oahhi 
HBi acKHsoBi r. AHApeeBa. Fepofi ^MapceJiLesu'' bcd aEHSHB npo- 
JBHJI'L Bi Ka^ecTBt ^HajieHbKoft cBHHbH^y a yMHpaa B'& TK>pLMi, Kyj^a 
ero 8a6poGHJia omB6Ka, opej^H ^ysi^bixi. eicy, sasajiocB, no Ay^y 
jiK>Aefl, OHi o6paii^aeT0fl ki hhmi» ch eAHHCTBeHHofi npoci»6ofi: npo- 
wkrh Ham ero xpynoMi ntcHK) cbo6oau ^uhjioA $paHii;iH'', npo- 
ntxb MapcejiBesy... H BaepBue He ohi njoEasajKi (ynojuiJi o Heu 
HB6yAi»), a naAib hhmi ojiaKajiH ero ojiyqafinue xoBapHHJ^H^— „Bci 
AG eABHaro^.A „Ti KaKi opohb, oti Kotoparo 61ryTi AHsie SB'bpH, 
roptJiH HamH cjieau*', — roBopHTi pascKas^HE'L bi tomi xojioaho- 
spacHopiiqHBOMi (o6n^eM'& j^Jisi Bctxi dCKHsosi r. AHApeeBa) Tont, 
KOTopufi He MOserL He ciaHOBHTBCH pa8AtjiJi&)n^eK) ciybHKofi MexAy 
BBTopoMi H HHTaTejieMi, ecjiH nocjitAHeicy HHKorAa ne npaxoAHJiooB 
BflA^TB cjEesi, HOxosHXi Ha oroHb, OTL ROToparo ^AHsie satpH'' 
o6pan]^a£)TCH bi CtrcTBO. 



C. A. Ah — ckW. PascKBSU. Tomt* I. Cn6. 1905. 
CpeAH eBpeflcRHXi CuTonHcaTeJiefi, ycntniHO BUABHajBmflxcH aa 
nocjuiAHie roAU, r. Ah— *cKifi saHHMaerB oaho hsi Haadoji'be bbahux'b 

MtCTl. OhI HeAaBHO nOJiyiHJKl BSBtCTHOCTS, HO HHOieTl yse AABHO, 

osojco qeTBepiH Bisa. Ohi cTapmifl bi btoS rpyaut mojioabixii hh- 
caiejiefi, 6e8CTpaniHO pacKpuBaKntHXi a^a ce6H h aJIA Apyrnxi 
Aymy h npaBu poAHoro napoAa; ohi OTapme hxi nacTOJEBKo, ?to 
6hUL'h 6u BOOJiHt yHicxeH'E Bonpocb, no<ieMy se ohi, npeAoxaBH- 
xejiL cxapmaro noKOJitHia, AOJiseax 6uxi» oxneoeHi si dxofl rpyaai 
jiBxepaxypHofi MOJiOAesBi BaflBBBuieS ce6H BHa^HxejiBHo nosace. OiBtxi 
Bi xapasTepHuxi qepiaxi ero JiBxepaxypHoS ^HsionoMiH. Cxapufi 
eBpeflcsifi 6BixoaHcaxejib 611IJII1 no npeH^yniecrBy aaojiorexoMi; ohi 
He H3o6pa2cajii — ohi sa^HH^ajii. Ejiy sasajiocL, ^xo mosho ^xo 
HH6yAi> GA'bJiaxf> paaiHCHeHiBMH xam, fa^ npeAHOJiarajmcB saCjiy- 
SAeniH, ohi npoxHBonocraBJiHJi'E sJieBexaan onpoBepsefiifl h Aftse 
nanerHpHKH; ohi He HBy^ajn — ohi cxapajicH xojibso AOKasaxB, 1x0 
eBpeH xose jiioah, qxo ohh xoace xothx'b h aojishbc xhxb, mo ohh 
6B[BaK)X'L Ao6poA^TejiBHu: noJOseHin, bi AOKasaxejiBcxBax'B, EaacexcH, 
Be HysEAaioii^iHCH. HoBue eBpeficEie 6uxonHGaxejifl ho xo, ?xo ox- 
BeprjiH axy aABOEaxcEyio xo^Ky sptHin: ohh npocxo npomjiH mhmo 
Hen, noAHHMancB BBime. Ohh oxEasajiHCB oxi xeHAeeiUH, oiEasaJiHCB 
OTb HacxoflqHBaro sejiaHiH 7xo-Hfl6yAB AOEasBiBaxB; h6o npejQAe 
HHcajiH A^A Apyrflxi, ins Fenster hinaus saEi roBopaxi Htiiii;&iy 
xenepB oxajiH nncaxB j^jlsl coOh. 



62 pyccKOB BorATcrao. 

EKfJio 6u 8a6jFy3EAeHieici nojraraTL, ^to bts nepeMi^Ha bi jiHTe- ] 
paTypHuxi npieMaxi BUTesjia hsi KaKoro-xo oTpeMJieHiff Kh xjao- 
jsecTBeHHofi o6ieRTHBHOGTH: eojDtE wb pesyjiBTaTt nojiyiHJiaGL o6i- 
esTHBHOCTB, OHa Bumja H8T» sejiaHijf sBaxL npas^y, SHaiB ee j^m 
Ge6ff. BeacTpamie CTajio OTJiH^iaTL hobbixi H8o6pa8HTejie9 eBpeficsofi 

2KH3HE. 

Cpe^H BBxi r. Ah — cKifi Bu^aeTCA 8thmi yB'^peHHUMi cnoRoft- 
GTBieMi. B'E ero xapasTepHCTHRi, HanenaTaHHofi ci toji,% Hasa^ 
BO $paHuy8CEoft ,,Bevne'', pascKaaaHO, Kas'E o^Ha esj> ero noBtcTefi 
ne Morjia no^BHTtcA b% nporpeccHBHOifE sypnajit no TOft npn^HHi^, 
qro Ed's HeE mofjie 6utb c;iijiaHur aHTEceHETCKie bkibo^u. IIo- 
Bi^cTB 6£ijia Haae^aTaHa b% ^Bocxoa^^ e xenepB Bomjia bi c6op- 
BEE'S r. Ah — CKaro. KoHe^HO, b*ti xoro eBpeficKaro Maxepiajia — 
BHJioxL ^0 cxHxoxBopeHifl FeflHe e cxaxyft AnxoKOJifcCKaro, — nsi 
Koxoparo He A^JiajiECB 6u aHXEceHExcRie buboau; ohe ^tjiaioxcE Bi^A^ 
E ESI Bexxaro Saetxa. Ho ecjiE ecxL nEcaxejiL, Koxopui He o6pa- 
E^aexi BHEMaHiE na bosmoshogxb xasoro Hana^eEiE Bsi-sa yrjia, 
xo 8X0 r. Ah — cKifl. Espefi — Ra6axqEK'b, enpefl — MejiRifi syjiERi, 
eBpefl — noApHA^HRiy sEBymifi noxoMi e rpoblk) 6tj(HERa-eAHH0- 
Btpn,a: BGe 8X0 naflAexi E3o6paaceHie y Ah— cRaro. ^xo eiiy jio 

XOro, TEXO HafiAyTCE RJieBeXHHRE E ESyB^pH, ROXOpue pa^OGXHO 8a- 

BonEx%: ara, eBpeE GoanaioxcE Bt gboexl rptxaxi. Ok'l 8Haexi, 
qxo Jiraxb b Rjiesexaxt Sy^yxi b 6e8i ero ^cosEaHiE'', oh-l aHaexi, 
qxo npaB^a 2ee8he, emi AoQuxaE, HenoBEBHa bi axofl RJieBext. Ho 
EHorAa oHi Bji,eTh e ^ajiLnie: obi ^aexi BeGOMHtEHBifi Maxepiaji'E 
j[,jisi yjiEHeBifl B'E xosfEy 7X0 ;i;o gbxi nopi oxBepraJiocL; OB'S npEHO 
roBopEX'E: „BBi GxaBHxe HaMi Biy BEsy xaRie-xo $aKXH e oxHomeHifl; 
E Be Gxany oxpEii,axb $aRxu; e noRasy BaMi exi bo bgoS exi 
rjiy6EBt. HyGXL ^eGXHuft qejiOBi^Ri nocxaBExi bxi HaM'b B'b BHHy''. 
9x0 6ojite Bcero oxbochxge rt. paacRaay ^MeHj^ejiL-TypoRi", o 
ROxopOMi mjia pt^L Bume. Tpyj3;H0 ci 6ojihme1i cEjiofi e BarjiEA- 
HOCXBH) E3o6pa8HXb BCK) rjiy6HHy oxlyac;^eHiE npoGxoro xpaflHn,iOH- 
Baro eepefloxBa ovh o6iiierocy;^apcxBeHHofi sh8he xoro sapoAa, c% 
Roxoptiui OHO CBflsaHO ^opuaME nojiEXE^eGRaro GoiRExejiboxBa. Y 
axoro Mipa, saMRHyxaro pejiHrioaHUM'b HipoBoaaptHieaii, gboe Ryjib- 
xypa, GBoe npoGstmeHie, gboe Ej^eajibi. J^tJIO npoE«xoffExi 6oji*e 
^exBepxE Bisa Haaaai; pyccRO-xypeuRaE Bofina, saxeaxaBmaE gbo- 
HMi noxoROMi GxojiLMHorHX'b, paafftjiHJia MajieHLRyio eepeficRyK) o6- 
niEHy Ba jibsl jrarepn: o^he gxoexi sa pyccRHX'b, jipyrie — h xasEXi 
6ojibmHHcxBO — aa xypoRi. 9rE jliojib qyBcxByiox'b ce6E cbo6o;^hhmh 
Bi BbiCopt; EMI 6e3ROHe^HO qyHfli'b xox'b pyccRift Mipi, Roxopafl 
ORpyaaexi hxi. Ho hm% h Boofinte qyKiia xa acHSHb, Roxopafl co- 
a^aerb e paapymaext rocy^apcxBa, Roxopan Be^exi boShh e saRJiio- 
qaexi ^oroBopw. HojiHXBRa BxoprjiaGb BacHJibHO bi exi fflESHb e 
BaHEJia Ha MrHOBeHie, RaRi jrio6oQbiXHafl xeopexE^ecRaE aaAa^a, 
RaRt hobhS RaayGi — offHHi nai xtxi, Roxopwe ohe npEBURJiE xaRi 



] 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 63 

TOHRO H TaKl afiCTpaRTHO ptmaTb Bl CBOHXl TaJIMyj^HqeCKHXl CJO- 

BoapeHiflxi. Ho see axo — BpeHeHHoe, cjiy^afiHoe, npexoAfliuee: ji^i- 
jiOHi SH8HH A^ff njiaMeHHaro nuTJiHBaro MeH^ejifl ocTaexcjar ^ropaifl 
lepycajiHMi^ — 6jiaroroB'bflHoe Hsy^eHie coKpoBeHHaro CMucjia nHca- 
Hiff. He MajLtSiiiHM'L o6pa30H'L He sa^tjn MipoBOssp'bHifl MeHxejiA 
HH 6ypHiifi noTOK'B co6BiTifi, npoHecmHXGA memo Hero, he sHaROM- 
CTBO CI pasGRaaqHROM'E — npe^cTaBflTeJieM'b hhuxi, cBodoAHBixi 

BSPJIflAOBl. 3Ta BCTptqa AByXl HipOBOSSpiHifi CTaHOBHTCff JIK)6HlC0i 

TeMofl r. Ah — CRaro. Ohi oxotho OTrtHHeT^b CBoe MflrRoe, Apyse- 
j[K)(5Hoe oTHomenie r'e cTapoMy espeflcTBy; dTo MffrROOTb no6tAH- 
xejui; OHi yse ne CopeTCJsr ci TpaAHiKiefi; ci ejie saiitTHofi ycM^ni- 

ROS OHl OTMtqaeTl TOJIBRO, RaRl HaHBHO-BBICOROlttpHO 6UJL0 dTO 

pejinrioBHoe MipoBosaptHie, ^ase He DOAOsptBaBmee BejiH^ia Tofl 
o6niHpHofi KyubTypHofi pa6oTKi, ROiopafl A^jiajiacB noMHMO Hero. 
^EcjiH BEi HMtexe 3RajKAy — roBopHTE MeHAOJiL pascRaaqHRy — ^h ne- 

pe^TB BaMH ECTO^HERl »HBOfi E HHCTOfl BOAU, HOfi^ieTe B&I HCRaTL 

lyay? Bch iiyjipocTL, Roiopan 6HJira, ecTB h 6y^erE — HaxoffHTCH vh 
ThSMjnjb. 9to hgho, RaRi a^hl... Hy! bu roBopHxe ^^hjioco^crui 
rhhph''. Cto pasi — ^hjioco^crIh. Eojih b% hhxi ecxL RaRafl-HH6yAB 
rjiy6oRaH hbicjil, ona, Rone^HO, BSJiTa hbi TajiHy^a''... H aBTop'b 
He BOspasaeTi. Oai sHaexi, ^to ne AOBOAaMH oti pasyua mosho 

6opOTI>CA Gl dTHMl SaROHqeHHBIMl H HenO^BHSHhiMl CRJia^OMl 
MUCJIH. HhSHL nOfit^OHOCHO CnpaBJQLAeTGJi C% EEWhy — H CI J11060B- 

HUM'B BHHiiaHieM'b, RaRi Kh GBoeify HeBOSBpaTHOMy nponuioMy, mo- 

Ser'L OTHeCTECB Rl OTSHBmeMy MipOBOSSptHilO TOJILRO TOTl, RTO caMi 

npomdji'b qepes'L ero js,e6fE, rto SHaerB, RaRi 6e8QOBopoTHO oho 
OTM^HeHO HOTopiefi. 3Ta H^rRocTB Bi oi]['bHR'6 npomjaro npe^CTa- 
BJiEexcH HaMi xapaRTepHofl ajia JtHxepaTypHofl ^HsioHoiiiH r. Ah — 
CRaro. Owh SHaerB gmbigj'b 6opb6k[, ho oh'b jnofiniTB npEMspeHie. 

Bx STOlfB HaCTpoeHiE OH'B A^pSETl qSTaTeJEE; CB qyBOTBOH'B 6j[fl< 
80CTE OH'B paSCTaeTCA 01 HHMl. 



ID. J[. Ejien.'B. Hsi mohxi CBHTaHift. Cn6. 1905. 

„8ro GRopte Boero HeraiHRH", — roBopHTB bi npe^ECJiOBiH 
aBTop'B BBi6opRax'B ESI nyieBOFo ^HeBHHRa, GOCTaBHBmflX'B ero 
RBEry. OH'B, pasyMteTCH, ne ^yBCTBOBaji'B, RaRi ^arajEBBa ^jie 
Hero dTa Mera^opa: HeraTEBi B^flj> H8o6pamaeTi qepHuifB to, 
wo wb fttftcTBExejiBHOCTH 64jio, H BaodopoTi. HETaxejiK), eCJE 
TaRoro HafiiieTB coHEHeHie r. EjiBiKa, He pas'B npEAeTCE bchoehetb 
061 yj(a?Ho3 Mexa^opt npe^flCJiOBlH. 

KHHra oxRpHBaexcE anHrpa^OMB, B3'b nyniREHCRaro „nEHjie- 
KOBxe": 

Flo npHXOTH CBOefl CKHTaibCH SA^Cb H TEMT*, 
ilHBflCb 60)KeCTBeHHbIMl> npHpOAU KpacoTdM-b, 

M npeAi) co3AaHbflMH HCKycciea h BAoxHoeeHbH 



64 P700SOB BOrATOTBO. 

5e3MOiiiBHo yronaTb e-b BOcropraxTb yMHJieubfi — 
BoTi> c4acTbe! BoTTb npasa! 

Ha caMOMi j^^jv^, Htn» HH^ero 6ojL^e npoTHBonoJiosHaro aioHy 

HHAHBHAyaJEHCTHqeOEOMJ CHMBOJiy B^pEiI, ^tMl BOBSp^HijI H BUe^a- 

TJitHifl aBTopa. 

SaBHcbTb orb SAacTeit, saeHctTb oT-b uapoAa — 
He see jih mh* pasHo? — 

roBopBJii nodX'B. A y^aJiOMy r. EjiBiiy coBC'bji'L ne paBHo: gi> Bia- 
CTjatMH OBI onoexcA, saBBoiiB OTh flapo^a obi Be xo^erb. Obi 
npesi^e Boero nojiHTBK'fc, a Kt HcsyooTBy, o soTopoMi saaBJiBeTi 
ero dBBrpa^'E, obi BMierb BeoLMa OTAajieHBUJi oTBomeaiff. Ci 
pasBBSBOCTbK) fiuBBJiaro ^ejoEOBtsa, obi BanHcajii Be Bnojiai rpa- 
MOTByK), BO oqea^ naxpioiBqecKyiD EBsry. IIpaBAa, obi nacajii ee, 
no CBOHM'E sanflCKaHi, b% MyK^eBt h, noTOMy, nocjii BooTopses- 
Baro OBBcaBiA MaBeBpoBi b% I^apcTBt IIoJiBCBOM'b, c% rpy- 
CTbK) pasMBunjiAeT^B TOMi, „ftaKofi nycTofi Brpofi bi gojia&tbsb mu 
saBBMajiflCb, BBBBBO BOo6pajKaji, ?T0 A^JiaeM^B 6ojiLmoe BoeBBoe 
^jto!** O^uaKO, naxpioTBiecBifi Bocxoprb npeo6jiaAaexi, noA^aci ao- 
xojiB AO paacKasoBi o xohi, vro bo BpeHA SBaMeBflxuxi xyjos- 

CKBXl XOpseCXBl, CBBA'bxeJieM'b KOXOpUXl 6UJII BBXOp'b, BO 

$paBay8CKBX'& ^xBnorpa^iAX'E bo AocxaBajio 6yKB£i s, soxopufl 
npsmjiocb oxjiBBaxb bbobl: xaKi* qaoxo noBxopHJiocL cjiobo ^Eussie*. 
O^esL saJiL^ ^xo asxopi Be ooo6ii;aexi» KaEt nocxynBjifl npaKXB^BHe 
$paBii,y8U ci 8XBMB JiHmBBMu jiBxepaMB nocjit orbidjD^a pyccKHX'b 
MopnsoB'B... He Meate xporaxejibHa BasBBOCXB, ci Koxopofi r. Bjiei^'b 
coo6Biaexi» hxo KOJEOBBajnu pBMCKaro xpaiia cb. Hexpa „Baao- 
MBBaioxiBaniBEa8aBCEaroco6opa''. XBxpem axox'B Mbeojil AflA^teJio: 
npomejicB no HescROMy b nocxpoB^i y cedB soj[OBBa;i(y Ba Maaepi 
EaBaacsoSI.. Bi noMneficsoifB Myse'b r. Ejiei^'B BHAtJn ^OEaMeatJiEie 
xpynBi jiiOAefi^. HanpacBO ohi xaEi sesBBMaxejibBO ^Bxajii OBOfl 
^yxeBOJ^BxeJII>, no EoxopoMy bx ^pyrnxx cjiyqaaxi nBcajn ^tJIHa 
CTpaHH^bI, yfliBBJiaiomia Bceo6%eMJiH)iii,efi yieHOcxbio: obi yBBajii 6h, 
^xo 8X0 Be oEaMeflijroGXB, a PHncoBue cJitnsB bo coxpaBBBmBBCfl 
Bi* neujii^ ^opMBMi BCXjitBrnnxi 'xtjvb... Boo6nie r. Eieii^E bba'&^'b 
MBoroe, BO, soBeqBO, jibbil bx npeA'&Jiaxx OBoero yMCXBeBBaro 
ropB80Bxa. HflxepecoBajiCjf ohi^ bi Ea^ecxBt cnei][iajiBGxa, AtJiOMi 
BoeHBBiMib B HcnpaBsb oxMtqaex'b, r^t b ebei OMy noBpaBBJiHCB 
seamBBBi, saEi nocxaBJieBa saBajiepi&csaB i^s^a, sasi BcnojiBBioxcfl 
^njie^oicB Bi MBBes'B'', „no 6apBepy'', ,»paBBepcu'', ^xpaBepcfii^ h 
X. n. Ho Bi Banie BpeMB — exo qyH^T^ bbhx'b BOBpocoBi? EcxecT- 
BOBBO, ?xo, BCxpi^xBBBiHCB BB napoxoA^, BO ^opor'b wh Eranexi, ci 
BjiaABMlpoMi CojiOBBeBBiM'B^ P. Ejiei^'B nocxapajiCB ^BaBecxn pasro- 
Bopi Ba $BJioco$csifi xapasxep^B^ b noBCEaxB oxstxoBi Ba iiBorie 
8aBBMaH)n;ie ero BonpocBi. „Ho c^'^JiaxB dxo 6hjio bo jierEO. BjiaAB- 
Hipi CeprteBBq'B, maran no naj[y6'6, Bce Be bblxoabjh bs'b cBoeS 



J 



HOBHJar RHHTH. 65 

'^a^H^HBOGTH, KorAa, HaROHei^iy moa ^pasa o Kasyn^eficir hh^^ 
^o8ii;tjiBHO0TH cyn^eGTBOBania, HaHHHaA co Bcero Haci ospysaio- 
i^aro H KOHqaji HamHHi ooficTBeHHUMi „a** — susejia wvh cnosoft- 
Haro cocTOJiHifl, h pin ero nojiEjacL bojihoS. R sa^o CTapajioa 
yjiOBHTL TesHcu 8Toro qy^Haro pejiHiiosHO-MHOTHqecKaro noTOKa 
^lOB'b H Miicjiefi, nuxajioji xotb saRi - HH6y;i^ npHnoAHflTBcs ;^o 
BUECOTU ero MipocosepmaHia u, yeu, ne moz^. Ho wh to se BpeMS Ji 
no^yBCTBOBEJii Ha ce6i bck) M0iip> 8Tofi He^aAHHOfi nponoBi^AH^. 

BjiecTAnuA AOKasaTenoTBa rjiy6HHiii axofi HOBoft Bipu hh 
HH^eMi Ha 6jD[HsaflHiHxi OTpaHHinax'B. Yse vh Aj[eKoaH;q)iH nut- 
jiHBEifi nyTemecTBeHHHKi coofinprjii nponoB%ji;HHsy, tto sejiaerL 
nonpo5oBaTL apa6cK0fi KyxHH h ^yxaasHBaTL tojlko sa HicxHtiMH 
seHH^HaMH^; npoBOAHHKi, pasyMieTCH, npeAJiosHJH oboe ycjiyni 
„iio oefl qacTH'*, HO r. EJiei^ otb^thjii: ^h^^tb, axo sl yse OTJiosy 
^0 KaHpa**. Bi Kaspft BHeaanHufi h njiaiieHHufl yqeEHKi h ho^h- 
TaTOJiL Bjia^^HHipa CojiOBBeBa 6ujl% xaKH yBJie^eHi si ^ajme''^ r^t 
CHOTpiJiB HJiACRH TOJiuxi seHn^HHi; HOcin^eHie KaHpoRaro ny6jiH?- 
Haro j](OMa r. EjieuB OHHCUBaeirB na HicROJiBRHXi cxpaHHinaxB, h 
He 6e8i noApo6HocTefi. Eicy a^icB ne noHpaBHJOCB, RaRB ne no- 
HpaBHiocB H BB rpe^ecROMB napjiaifeHxi. Koho^ho, nyxemecxBeH- 
HHEy, cxoJiB 6BiBajioHy, yro^pEXB ne JierRO, a r. EjieinB bej^^jtb xaRi 
MHoro.., Ohb .npoflijrajiB** RpnxcRoe ^ycMHpenie" h ffOOxonaMax- 
HUfl xyjiOHGRiH xopsEOCXBa, Ror;i;a ^^paniiiyscRiA aamu npaxajiH na 
naHflXB nep^axRH^ rb RoxopuMB npHRacajiHCB pyRH pyocRHXB o$h- 
i^epoBB''. Ohb hhjib maMnancRoe na BepniHHi nHpaMH^B gb Bjia^H- 

HipOMB GOJEOBBeBfilMB; OHB GMOXptjIB Ha G^HHRGa GB 3. J[. Pa^" 

lOBUMB, Roxoparo G^HxaexB aRa^eHHROHB; ohb oxoxejiga bb ELcna- 
hIh Ha Bopo6LeBB gb gbohmb ApyroMB 6apoHOMB HapoiBAAHHEHe, 
no Gi^ent sHaiieHHxuMB niBinoMB BaxxHGXHHH. Egjih ohb ho o6i- 
AaJiB GB Aapj^aHeuaMH, xo xojibro noxony, ?xo axo oi^i^jiajiB ao 
Hero ;^pyro8 nyxemeGXBeHHHRB. 



•I. BOJIKOBB. Hto HjacHO? KieBT>. 1904 r. 

Ero ace. BoMHa h Hama noJijHHxeJiJiHreHiqH. KicB-b, 1905 r. 

^^xo Hyano?" — axo, ORaawBaexGA, ne orphrb 6yfl;oiHHRa, a bo- 
npoGi: Tixo HyKHO PogcIh? Ho gmhgjib bhxorhxb xoxb »e Gamjfi. 
Hy»HO ffaxB oxnopB ^RpHRynaiiB, xpe6yroiip[irB jiomrh namero roGy- 
j^apcxBeHHaro GxpoA"-. BGe axo ^nojiynHxejiJiHreHXH", HHOGxpaH^H h 
BBpeH. Bga 6*fl;a bb xomb, ^xo „xpy«B xenepB ne bb MOffi, a xpe- 
6yroxcA ranpoRiA pe$opMH". Hy»HO npo^ojiaaxB Boflny. PeaoHH? KaRie 
xaMi peaoHH! ^Bchomhemb 1863 ro^B. KaRB xenepB A^OH^LI toxobh- 
JIHCB BB xe^enie h4grojilro JitxB rb boAh*, a mh He aaniTOJiH axoro, 
xaRB GB ROH^a 50 -XB rofl;oBB toxobhjihgb rb BOBGxaniK) homrh, ho 
HU He aaHt^ajiH 8xhxb npHroxoBJieHiS. BosGxanie BcnwxHyjio bb 
AHBap* 1863 rofl;a, aaGxaBB naoB coBepmeHHO Heno^roxoBJieHHHMH. 

% 7. OTJltjTB II. S 



66 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

H sa 8Ty Heno^roTOBJieHHOCTB h oniH6KH bi nepsoe ^peiifl bo8- 
CTaflijar Ham npninjiocB njiaTHTLCA. Bojite nojiyro^a mu He Morjnr 
cnpaBHTBCA ci BoscxaHieMi... BosasH HOjiyHHTejijoiHreHiiiH, Kasi h 
TenepL, noAHJStJiH fojiobu, pasBHsajiacL peBOJiK)i;ioHHaA nponaraHAa^ 
nojijL BJiiffHieMi KOTopofi Hapoj^i cxajn 67HTOBaTB. Bojti^^cTBie dioro 
H HHTpHFB Hanoj^OHa in nojioseHie 6hjco BecBua cepBesHoe, ho 
MOH^HBifl rojEOCB RaTKOBa, anepriH MypaBBeBa h npHHAxie npaBH- 
TencTBOHi ptmeHiH hokoh^htb ci BOdOTameifB, npHBejm si no- 
^HasjieHiK) ero, bi nojiHOfi no6ij^i pyoosaro js.izsL*'. Beiboai hcoh'b... 
HiH bh Boe emfi He j6ixjsfiEul HanpacHO bh coMHiiBaeTecBr 
^IIoAKynjieHHBce e HenoAEyHJceHHue sosaRH namefi nojiyHHTejiJiH- 
reHiUH'', B% KOHini^ ROHi^OBi, HenpeM^HHO „ji;oj[SHB[ 6y;i;yrE ycTynHTB 
CBoe M^CTO Bi jCHTepaTypi, neqaiH h bi aPT^'hx'b o6jiaoTflX'B shshh 

JOOJ^SWh ;D;6flOTBHTeJIBHO npOGBin^eHHEIlI'B^, BO rJiaBi KOTOpBIXl Haj^o 

noApasyM^BaTB HHeHHO r-na JI. BojisoBa, hsi Riesa. Bn^ie jh^ 
Bi ?eHi A'^o: ^inaftsa dTHXi BOsasoBi cnjioqeHa h Hepa36op?HBa 
Bi cpe^cTBaxi. Mnorie hsi hhxi totobh BucTaBHTB ce6ja[ j^ase 
nompeniaMUy Korji^a dxoro Tpedyiox'B o6cTOHTejiBCTBa. Ho s^paBufl 
OMUCii'B, KOTopuMi Bcer^a OTJiHqajicfl pycoRifi ^ejiOBts'By nOMOserB 
OTJiHHHTB HOKpeHEHXi Jiioji^efl OTh HeHCKpeHHHX'B H Kopbep^tcmoe^*' 
(Boflna H Hama nojiyHHTejiJiHreHii^iji'', cTp. 11). Tasi qxo, vh ojmr 
HOCTH, He Bce eni;e noxepflHO, h yHUBaiB H'^tb HHsaKofi Heo6xoAH'- 

HOCTH. ROHe^HO, MU He SHaeifB, rOTOB'B JIH r. JI. BOJIKOB'B TOT- 

^acB se ^BBiGxaBHTB ce6H noxpeTODii'' (a bto 6bijio 6u onenB HHTe- 
peoHo!). Ho aaxo, b% Ka^ecxBi^ ^ntScxBHTejiBHO npocBin^eHHaro qejro- 
Bisa^ OHi Mori 6m neMeAJieHHO BuxicHHTB nojoiyHHTejiJiEreHTOBS 
iis% ^jiHTepaxypu h ne^aTH^, He roBopn yse o ^pypHxi o6jiacTflxs 
»h8hh", tojibko BorB rpaMOT* 6u eny ^yTB ijtb nony^LXBcal... 



1) ,BH6;iioTeKa rop6yHOBa-nocaflOBa*: IlaBJiHHifi rjias'L, pascKaa-b C. 
OpjiOBeKaro, ct» pHcyHKaMH H. >KHBaro h Ap., 1904; KanHTaHt flnsapB^ 
cb anrJi. nepes. E. B., ctj 22 pHC, 1904. 

2) .5H6jii0TeKa HaiuHXi, Atieft- (h3a. O. H. FlonoBoa): Cecxpa BtpOHKa, 
noBtcTb jkJin lOHomecTBa — A. BoCTpOM'B. 

3) ,BH6jiioTeKa Jinsi ccmbh h iukojiw* (h3a. pen. .flticK. Htch/): BeceH- 
Hie roCTH, cTHxcTBopeHia H. A. B'bJioycOBa^ c-b pncyHKaMH, 1905; Cy- 
;^apB HanxeJiefi — CBtxt IlBaHOBHH'B, HOBropo^cKoe npcAanie, — JIj. H- 
MaMHHa-GHOHpMKa, cb pHcyHK., 1904; KHaacod " OxpOK'b, HCTopHqecKan 
noBtcTb m-b npe/iaHift XIII BtKa, — F. T. GtBepi],OBa (IIoJiHJiOBa), cb pHC. 
H. fl. BapTpaM-b, 1905. 

4) FycCKia Oujihhu. BbinycK-b I: ,BoraTbipH KieBCKie", Cb 46 pHC. H. 
riojiyiiiKHRa; BbinycKi, II: .VpajibUbi HoBropoACKie h apyrie", cb 27 pnc. O. 0. 
JIasapeBOft (Han. H. 0. }KHpKOBa. MocKBa. 1904 r.) 

ABxopi „naBjiiHHBaro rjiasa", noBHAHHOMy, pyK0B0AHJic« ne JiHxe- 
paxypHUHH coo6paseHiHMH, a ?hcxo ne^narornHeoRHMH, cxpevffCB B086y* 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 67 

AHTB B% cBOHxi ^HiaTejiflxi OTpHiiaTeji&Hoe OTHomeHie r% JioBJit 
H KOJiJieRiuoHHpoBaHiK) 69k6o^eKh Bi BBAt caopia. 8x0 eeBuroAHO 
orpasHJiocL h na HHiepect, soTopufi AOJiasHa npe^cTaBjiATL ero 
KHHaosa j^jifl DHuxi ^HTaxejiefi h Ha BHjTpeHHefi npaBAHBOCTH 

HiKOTOpUZl dllHBOJ^OBl — Bl pO^i TOFO^ TTO pa8CKa89HUa-Kyp- 
OHCTKa ^KpH^HTE OTl BOCTOpra", SaBHA'i^B'B sejiaBHufi dsseM- 

njuipi 6a6o<9KH (IlaBjiHHifl Fjiasii), a sai^H'E, Bcero repeal Hi- 
CKOiLKO UEEjTh, Kor^a 6a6oT[Ka noflMana h jm epiii;Bj[eHa e^ pysaMn, 
noTpjioeHHaH cxijiaHHUMi, aojito ctohtl ^Ha ROJiiHHX'L Bi xpast, 
c% ctTKoS y HorL** h o% icepTBofl 6a6oqKofi na jiaxoHH, qyBOTByex'b 
sryiee paoKaflHie h ^npoKJiBHaerL cbok) rpy6yi) sa^HOcrb^. 9to 
rpydo noffqepsHyro h noTony ncHXOJiorHqeGKH BeapaBAonoAo6HOy a 
cjrij^oBaTejiLHO h He aojisho HMtTb Micxa bi A^TCROifb padCKaBt 
(pascRasi, BonpeRH MHiniio asTopa, Rone^HO, ne „]^k lOHomecTBa^), 
KaKi 6u HH 6ujiH noxBajiBHur Rone^HUH i^jih pascRas^HRa. 

TaRi se noxBajiiiHa no ROHeqHofl ni^jiH — npo6yAHTB sasiy 
sHaHifl H oaMOonpeAiJieHiH — ^aoBtcxb ji^jlh DHomeoTBa'' r-sH Eoct 
poMi, HO OTpa^aerB rtx's se HenpaBAonoffo61eMi b% ncHXOiiorH- 
qeoRom nocTpoeHin, RaRi h pascRad'b r. OpjiOBCRaro. 

BesuMJiHHiifi aBTopi pascRasa ^KanHTaHi flHBapB'' ne noyqaen 
H, Ha Hami B8rjiflAi>> CTaBBTi ce6i (HeyAa^so BUHOJirBflfl) npa- 
BHjn»Hyio JiHTepaxypHyK) sa^aqy. JifiTHWh He HyasHu hh ypoRH ho- 
paiH — B% npo8% H CTHxax'b, BH sajiocTJEHBUfl (Henpeifl^HHO ,,sajio- 
otisbusl'*) HOTopiH ^eJiOBi^ecRofi nysAi h CTpa^aHinxi, xaRT 
pacTOHHTejiBHO pacxOAyidn^H jj^txcRie nepBu h A'i^TCRiH cjiesu u 
BMi^CTt 01 TtMi co8Aai)n](iH npHBuqRy CMOrptTb na Mipi Hyas;2^aK)- 
Hpxcji TOJiBRo OBopxy BHHBi, 0% ^yBCTBOHi cocTpaAaTOJiBHofi sa- 
lOOTHy ROTopoe BcerAa HOMHoaRRO cpo;^HH npesptHiK). Ha nani'L 
BBFJiH^i^, HysHO ;Q)yroe^HysHO, qTo6u ifajieHBRie qHTaxejiH MorjiH 
mSHTb, a He sRajoEtxL {moJibKO xajiiTb). Ho b^jil jiK)6flTb nysBo sa 
Tro-HH(5yj^. Aaflxe se najieHLRHMib qHTaTej[HM'& juoAofi, Roropuxi 
CTOHTb jii)6htl, h nycTB, jiyHme Bcero, aio 6yAeTi 6oAp£ifi h ^ase 
Becejsufi pasoRadi. 

HBOSpaSHTB TaRHXl JIK)Aefi, ROTOpnXl CTOHTl JIK>6hTI>, H nOCTaBHJCb 

ce66 sajj^a^eio aBTopi ^RaiiHTaHa^.Ri coaRajiiHiio^aBTopi ne BUAopsajii 
Tona peajiHCTH^ecRaro pascRasa h co^hhejh ho .pascRasi'', a RaRyn- 
To HenpaB^onoAOfiHO-cJH^ocTHyio ^chm^ohIk) b'e po30BO-rojiy6oMa&^y 

eCJLH BOCQOJIBBOBaTLCH TOpMH SOX'S HOAepHHCTOB'L-XyAOSHHROBX... B'E 

pascRasi^ npejiecTHaa ;i;i^Bo?Ra-repoHHH, npejiecTEufi ^;^ymRa-cTO- 
posi Ha MaHR^^ npejiecTHufi jioi^Mani Eo6i, npejiecTHue toth Mop- 
TOHi h a^aa MopioHi. KoHqaexcH pascRas'B cicepxBK) nA'i^Jo;yniEB'', 
ho h cHepxB oRaBHBaexcH OA'i^xoK) vh po80BO-rojiy6o& napHA^, a 
noTOMy HO oxxajLRHBaexi.— J^ixHMi RHHra qpesBBi^iafiHO npaBHXGH, 
H OTOHB sajiB, qxo OHa He HoaRexi 6uxb peROMeHAOBana cb thgxo- 
xyAoaRecxBenHofi cxopoHU, xaRi RaRi ho MOserB co^'l^ficxBOBaTB 

5* 



68 pyOOBOB BOrATOTBO. 

BocnHTaHiK) sAoposaro xyAOsecxBeHHaro ^jBCTea y HaJieH&KHX'L 
qHTBTejiefi. 

O^eHb xopom'L cCopHHKi GTHxoTBopeHifi r. E^jioycoBa: „BeceHHie 
rocTB*'. CiHxoTBopeHiB npocTU, noBTB<iHu (xoTjar Hi^cxaMH mepo- 
xoBaxBi) H npoBHKflyTEi HCKpeHHefi jn[K)6oB]>K) Ki pycoKofi npHpoAt 
H Ki pyccKofl A^peBHt: hobtl 6jifl8EO qyBCTByen h BeceHHee bos- 
poacAeHie npHpo^u, KOTopoe OHi npeBooxoAHo nepe^ajn bi cthxo- 
TBopeHiH ^XpHCTOcb BocKpecb", H oceHHee yMHpaHie npHpoAu, 
Kor^a 

KaKTj 6yjno 0K0HHH;iacb cKasKa... 

-— CRaasa jiiTBflro GOJiBina, ptKE c% cepe6pffH0K) rjiaABK), sejieHUXi 
nojiefl, ^Bi&Ty^l;HX^ noJiHHi h noromnxt jjBeceaHHXi rocTefl": 

nycTUHHO, 6e3JiiOAHO KpyroM-b; 

M coJiHua oceHHsiro jiacKa 

He rpteTT> 6biBaJifaiMT> lenjiOM-b. 

OcTajiLHBiB ffBa H3AaHifl pe^aKi^iH ^Jt^TCKaro ^leHia" — HCTopH- 
qecKaro xapaKiepa. ^CysapB llaHxejiefl" — HcxopHqecKift mapapE o no- 
6tjs,E0M'h (cjiy^aflHo) BxopxcefliH MOCKOBOEaro MysHsa-naxapfl naryjuii)- 
n^yiD Bnycxi seiiJiio HOBropoACRaro xoproBaro 6oApHHa; nanHcaHi (tb 
o6k[^hbihi lOMopoMi X. H. MauHfia-CHfiEpjarsa, ho xpe6yeTB oxi 
DHux'b ^Hxaxejiefl Heifajiiixi HcxopHqecKBXi nosHanifi h, Kone^HO, 
pasiHOHeHifi: ?xo xaKoe, nanp., ^cHHift H3rp66H£ifl Ay6aci", bi ko- 
xopBifi OA^xa acena ^MOOKOBCKaro naxapA^? HcxopHqecsas hob^cxb 
r. CtBepi](OBa (IIojiHJiOBa), Kasi ocHOBanHaE na .npeAamEX'E cxa- 

pHHBI AAJieEOfi'', HMieX*E Bl GBOefi $a6yj[t CJIHIHEOM'E HHOrO H81 

EaxeropiH Ben^efl, EOxopuA He chejihci> MyApei^aifB, h axo e^Ba jih seo^ 
jiaxejiLHo Bi fltxcEofl JiHxepaxypt (npeff^yBCXBiE, npe^ycxaHOBjieHHoe 
poACXBO nynit H np.). HjuiiocxpaBiiH ex ,KHJi2S0My OxpoEy* HMiKxn 
GXHJiH30BaHHJEiifi xapaKxepi> H e^Ba jih 6yj3;yx'E oi^ineHu beigoeo ^ui- 
xaxejFHME, soxopue b'e sa^ecxBi pHCOBajibH^HEOB'b ebjebioxge xose 
ycepAHLiMH ^GHMnjiE^EEaxopaMH^ pncyHEa^ xoxe h noHeBOJit. 

Bxopofl BHnycEi „PyccEHXi dHJiEHi* („ ypajimH HoBropoflCEie") 
HJUHocxpEpoBaHi Bi xaEOMi se po^i. BujiHHBi xaEse HBAaHU 6effB 
KOHMeHxapieB'b. 



KeJiep-L, P. DpaB^HBoe CIOBO B/iacTHMi, o6mecTBy h napojiy no no- 

BOAy npocKTa HOBaro anicKapcKaro ycxaBa. M. 1904. 

Ilpoesxi HOBaro anxeKapcsaro ycxaBa npHHaAJiesHxi^ ex xoicy 
paspfl^y saEOHOAaxejiLHuxi HSMBiniJieHifi, usiy Eoxoparo BumjiE 
yGxaax ji%qe6HBixi saBe^ienifi 1898 ro^a, BexepHHapHue saEOHBi 
1902 H 1903 rr. H SHaMeHHXUA bi CBoeMi po^t npaBHJia o caHH- 
xapHO-HcnojiHHxejiBHHX'L EOMMHcciax's 11 aeryGxa 1903 rofl;a. Pas- 
jiH^ie HOBaro ycraaa oxi npeABiAyn^xi „BaE0H0B7>'' saEJiio^aexoE 



HOBUfl KHEFH. 69 

TOji[BB0 Bi HCTopiH ero GOBji;aHiji. Bi to speMA saxi JiiHe6Hufi, 
BeiepHHapHuft n caHHTapHOHonojiHHTej[BH£ift ycTaBii cosj^aBajiHCL 
eAHscTBeHHO BO ojiaBj jcTpaHeHifl o6ii^eGTBeHHux'L yqpes^eHifl ott» 
ynpaBJieHifl o6ii^ecTBeHHUHH ^^JiaiiH, b'e ncTopin C08ji[aHifl anieKap- 
cRaro ycxaBa He desi BJiiflniff, noBHAHMOMy, osasaJiHcii h HiKoro- 
paro po^a „MaTepiajn>H£ua[^ ooo6paseHiff. IIo Bpaflseft Mipi, 
r. Kejiepi BeobMa Hej^BycMKCJieHHo yKHBMBaerE sa cyiE^ecTBOBaHie 
oco6aro h ^obojibho spynHaro ^OH^a Ha coAepsame ^coojiOBHaro 
npeACTaBHTejCBCTBa** neTep6yproKaro ^apMai^eBTH^ecKaro o6ii^eoTBa^ 
KOTopoe H86HpaerE ji,bjx% j^enyxaTOE'E bi MeAHnnHcsifi cob^ti, 
BHcmee Bpa^edeoe y^pea^eHie bi HMnepiH. KaKoro po^a BJiiflHie 

MOSeTl OSaSBIBaTb 8T0 ^COCJUOBHOe npe^GTaBHTeJIBCTBO^ Bt Jlj^Jli 

BaKOHo;];aTeJiBHOM'b, noRasBiBaerE HCTopis neBunojiHeHiji Buco^atine 
yTBepsji;eHHaro MHiem rocyAapcTBeHHaro coBtia. Bi 1875 ro^y 
rooy;(apcTBeHHufi cob^t'e npHSHajoLi, ?to H^rb Haj^oCHOCTH bt* ci^- 
cHHTejiiiHoft ]i,Jia HacejieHiA anie^Hoft MOHonojiiH h nopy^HJi'E mhhh- 
oTpy BHyTpeHHHX'B A^Jii, no o6oya^eHiH HacTOffn^aro Bonpoca bi 

MeAHnHHCKOMl COBili, BOflXH CI QpeffCTaBJieHieMl 06'b HSM^HeHiH 

A^ficTBynii^aro saBosa „bi BH^axi AOSBOjcemfl npo^asH ^acTHiiMH 

JIHI^aMH BGiTh TiTh jri^BapCTBeHHUXl B6II];eCTBl, BOTOpUfl He OKa- 

BHBaixrcfl nojiosHTeJiLHO BpeAHUMH*'. Gi Tix% nopi npomjio TpH;^- 
i^axB jiiTh, HO Bonpoci bi mo^^iphckom'e coBt'rt He o6GysAaj[Cfl» h 

MHHHOTpi BHyTpeHHHXl A^Jt'b 01 Hpej^CTaBJieHieMl 06'b H3MiHeHiH 

saBOHa Bi rocyj^apcTBeHHBifl coBtirb eme ne bxoji;hji'e. JI^tficTByen 
noBa cxapufi saBOH'B; no BoropoMy BCHsoe ^acTHoe jihi^o, nponaBinee 
aysiipeB'b mathkx'b sanejiB hjih TpH sojioTHHEa rpyji;Horo ^aio, 
^no^esHTi cTporoS oTBiioTBeHHooTH^, sasi HapyrnHBinee Topro- 
BUB npHBHJieriH anTesapcBaro cocjroBiff. IIoyqHTejibHoft HJiJiiDCTpa- 
piefl oxpaHu cocJioBHUxt HHTepecoBi (a paBHO h js,jib xapasTepH- 
OTHBH pyccBaro ^npaBonopflABa" BOo6ii];e) cjiysHTi HCTopia saKpiiTiH 
$a6pHBH H anTesapoKaro MarasHHa r. Kejiepa bi 1882 ro^y* no 
npoHCsaifb Hi^BOTopHxi aaTeKOBjiaji;iJiLi^eB'E^ $a6pHBy, a hotomi 
MarasHH'b r. Kejiepa saspujiH Ha ocHOBaHiH nojiosoBia 061 ycHJieH- 
Hofi oxpani^. Kasi hh ;Ko6HBajicH BJia^ijiei^'b, sa ^to ero nocxHrjia 
TaBas Heo6uqHai[ sapa, eiiy tojilbo OTBiicTBOBajiH, hto aio c^tjiaHo 
Ha ocHOBaniH nojcoseniji 061 yoHjieHHofi oxpani, npe^^arajin „co- 
SHaxBCA B'B BHHf , KOTopoft F. Rejiepi HH Majio 8a oo6ofi He qyB- 
CTBOBajEi, H coBiTOBajoLH Boo6H^e HO Haj^oi^A&TB. XjiOHOTajiH 8a r. Ke- 
jiepa H 6HpseBoft BOMHierB, H Byne^ecsafl ynpana, h apxiepen, h 

paSHHfl CaHOBHUfl H BBICOBOnOCiaBJieHHUH JIHIia, HO $a6pHBy 01 

MarasHHOM'B ^paoneqaxajiH^ tojibbo repeal ro^'B, ^OMy, KaacercH, 
HOOO^ficTBOBajiH BcexaBH nexep6yprcBifl cbh8h, a xo 6ii... 3a ^xo 
se 6ujL0 xasoe ronenie? 3a xo, bhahxo jih^ ^xo y Rejiepa Ha csjia;!^ 
npo^aBajicfl aji,% ,,aTpoaHH'B^, h ^spaMOJiBHEBH^ mofjih 6u qtotl 

EJl,% AOOXaXB H OXpaBHXB HMl BOt MOGEOBCKie ROIEOJ^I^BI, ^^^Ml 

Morjio 6uxB B£i8BaH0 xasoe se yoHJieHHoe napoj^noe BOJcneHie, sasoe 
6ujio Bo BpoMH qyiiii Bi i^apcxBOBaHle EsaxepHHH II''. Ha^o en^e 



^p. £o;i;jij^, npocj). etHCK. yn. •!. ^CHepfiaxt. Ero »eH3HL h y^e- 

Hie. riepeBOfl-b cb HtMCUK. E. MaKCHMOBofl. Cn6. 1905. 

$6fiep6axi, KSKi H8B:bcTH0, noJiLSOBajicfl oaho Bpeifa 6ojii>niHM'b 
BJUflHidMi cpej^H nepeAOBofi ^aoxH pyccKofi HHTeJiJiHreHiuH. H. F. 
^epHHffleBCKift, diOTh fl;yxoBHHfl BO»At BHOXH eO-xi rOAOB-B, Haxo- 



70 PyOOKOB BOrATGTBO. 

npH6aBHTB; HTO 8T0TE BOSMyiHTejILHilft, 00 OBOeft HarJIOOTH H il^HKO- 

CTH, asTi aAMEHHCxpaTHBHaro HacHJiifl se Mon HafliH bi CBoe BpeMJi 
OTpaseHia Ha cipaEHqaxi nepioAH^ecKofl ne^aiH h o6Hapoj^oBaHX 
TOJiLBo TenepB. 

IIoBTopflTB sa aBTopoMi Bfeji^i H 6e8CtfH[GJD[eHHOGTH anieqEoft 
MOHonojiiB, HenoHi^pHHXi iiiHaxi na anieqeufl jiiKapcTBa n sp., 

BHa^HT'b rOBOpHTb BCftlfb ^aBHO HSBtCTHUfl Ben^. 06lI^eCTBeHHBIfl 

yqpesAeHiE, Ha paacMOxptHie soTopuxi hobbiA anTeKapcKifl ycTaBi 
6hLJi% pasocjiaHt bi cpe;iHHi npomjiaro ro;i^a, BucsaaajiHCB o neHi 
ci xaKHMi se 0Gy3«A&K)ii^HM'E eAHHO^ymieMi, ci KaKHHi ohh vh 
CBoe BpeMH OTHecjiHCL H Bi j[i^e6H0My ycTany 1893 ro^a, h ki 
BexepHHapHBiH'b saKOHaMi, h Vh xoacepHBiMi npaBEJiaifE 1903 ro^a. 
KHHry CBOD r. Kejiepi nooBflH^aexi i^BjiaoxflMi^ o6ii];ecTBy h na 
poAy^. UocBfln^eHie axo BusuBaexi HtKoxopoe nej^oyM^Hie. Hapo^y? i 

]ifi Bapo^a ero BHEra He jis>1ijifiT%y BOHe^no, a eojin h aoAa^xi, to 
6yAeT'B HeMe^eHHO „H8:b4iTa^. 06H;ecxBy? Odn^ecxBo ;i^aBH0 yse | 

HMierb cBoe MHinie 061 anxe^HBixi ;n[ij[HHiBax:&, ho Bt^B o6ii^e* 
CTBeHHoe MH^Hie, no HamnMi npaBaMi^ xaKan quantite n^gllgeable^ 
CB BOTopoD BJiacTH cqHxaioxi ^ase HeapajEqauMi c^HxaxbOfl. Ho 
?xo Bcero y^HBExejiBHifl, 8x0 — nocBfliE^eHie SHHrn ^BjiaoxflM'B''. Jl^a 
HeysejiH xe r. Kejiepi na co6cxdeHHofi nepconi en^e He ^ocxaxo^HO 
j&k]ifiJicBy GKOJiB rjiyxa BJiacxb bi ^npaBABBOMy cjioBy**? Ho ecjiH 
ysi A^H r. Kejiepa co6GXBeHHBifi npHMtpi, sa aabhocxek) jitxi, na- 
qajii, xaKi CBa8axB, nopocxaxB xpaBoS 8a6BeHBA^ xo ^ocxaxo^HO 
6BIJI0 BoscxanoBHXB xoxH 6u coBepmaiDH^yDCfl xenepB Ha HamHxi 
rjiasax'B saMnaHiD H8i-8a caHHxapno-HcnojiHHxejiBHBix'B BOMMHccift 
no npaBEJiaiii 11 aBryoxa 1903 ro^a. Oxi axHxi npaBHJi'B oxKasa- 
JIHCB seifcxBa, ropo^a, Bpa^n, MeAHaHHCKifl o6niecxBa, npoxHBi hexi 
BBicBasajiaGL nonxH bce ne^axs, oxBeprnyjii hxi i^iijiBifi nnporoBCKifl 
oii8A'B Bpa^eS, ^bxoahjio cb npe^oxaBJieHieM'B'' 061 hxi oiHtHi 
AaiBe ynpaBjEOHie rJiaBnaro Bpaqednaro HHcnesTopa (6uBmifi moah- 
i^HHCBiS AonapxaHOHxi). Bc% BoniDxi b% o^hhi tojiocb: oxMinnxe 
dXH npaBHJia. H ^xo se? MHHHCxepcxBO BHyxpenHHXi a^jtb cxohti 
sa Hxi ooxpaneHie cb xaKofi HenoBOJie6HMoS xBepAOcxBio, npHMipu 

BOXOpoft MOSHO BCXpi^XHXB paSB^ XOJILBO y JSjpQBEETb pHMJIHH'B. 

A r. Kejiepi xo^exi nponnxii BjiacxB BasHMi-xo ^npaBAHBBiH'B gjio 
bom'b'', He c^HxaflCB cb t^wl, ^xo Bi anxe^Hoft MOHonojiiH. BO-nep- 
Biixi, ecxB ^epxBi pyccBoS mCAmo6bixhocxh', a BO-fixopBixi H„oxpa- 
HHxejEBHBifl na^ajia'^ xose ecxB. 



HOBUfl KHHrH. 71 

:jifljiGSL uojub cHjcbHUMi BJiiflHieifb $eftep6axa, aHTponoJiorH^ecRyK) 
TO^sy spiHifl KOToparo owb yosoHji'K. O^HaKo, BCKopt A&JiBHiflmifl 
yMCTBeHHBifl Te^enifl OTO^BHHyjiH $eSep6axa na saAHifi njiani; a 
xasi KaRi, noA'B BJiinHieifi i^eHsypHuxi ycjOBifi^ Ha pyocROMi 
SBhoA He noflBHJiocL HH co^HHeHiS caMoro $efiep6axa, hh o6cTOfl- 
TeshEUTh KpHTHKodiorpa^HHeoKHXi HBCJcftAOBanifi Hem, to co* 
fipeneHHtifl cpe^Hifi ^BTaxejiL HMiexi, BtpoATHO, ^obojii>ho CMyiHoe 
npe^craBJieHie o HtBorxa ctojil sHaHeHHTOMi HHcaxejii. 

UoBTOMy noHBJieHie na pyccROifB HSUKi npeKpacHoft khhskh 

lOAJIH CJliAy^Tl OTM^THTL CI 60JD[BmHMl coqyBGTBieifb. 

IIojioseHie $eflep6aza cpe^H ^y^^OBHuxi bosabS ^ejcoBi^ecTBa 
o6ycjioBjiHBaeTGH Asyifii ^aBTopaifH. Bo-nepBiJxi, bi jamib $eflep- 
6axa HJ^Mei^RaH, a sa Hen h Boofin^e eBponeftcRaff mugjeb nepesHJia 
peaKiqK) npoTHB'b KpaflnooTeft rerejiiaHOTBa; Bo-BTopuxi, ohi jifiLjrh 
HOBoe ocBin^eHie pexnriosHaro Bonpooa. 

?T0 KacaeTCfl nepBaro ^aRTopa, to 3ji,ioh ^caMas KpaxKaH h 
<HaH6ojiie M^TKafl xapasTepHOTHKa noTopH^ecKaro HoxoseniH <&eflep- 
6axa saKJiDqaeTCfl bi yTBepxAemH, ^to ohi npoHSBejii xaKoft se 
nepeBopoTi bi ^hjcooo^Ih Ferejifl, KaRi KoHepHHKi bi acTpoHOMiH 
UTOJOMeH; TO, ?T0 paHLHie 6BIX0 i^eHxpoM BoejieHHofl, adcojuoTHuft 
.xyxi, OTO^HraeTCir xenepb bi saqecTBi npocTofi npoesi^iH na ne- 
pH^epin; npHpo^a, BOTopaa HBJiHJiaoL y FereJifl oaMOOT^ya^enieMi 
Ayxa, oTaHOBHTCfl i^eHTpajfLHEiicE noHHxieMi^ nocHTejiBHHi^eft shbhh'* 
<CTp. 1—2). 

Bxopyio CTopony CBoeS A^jrrejiBHOCTH oxapaKTepHsoBajii xynme 
Bcero cam <&eflep6ax'L, nasBaBniH ce6ff ,,;i^yxoBH£iMi eoTecTBoncnu- 
TatejieMi''. Ohi noAomejn ri pejiHiiH, Rasi Ri BeJiHROiry ncTopn- 
qecKOMy $aBTy, RaBi Bi ^asropy, roonoAOTByiOH^eHy na^i Bceio 
JCH8HLH) qejioB^qeoTBa, h fimEjL% j^noHflXL (ero) hbi rjiy6HHU ^esO' 
BiqecRofl HpHpoj^u^ (cTp. 65). HscJiiAOBaHie dJieMenxoBi ^ejiOBi^- 
qecBofl npnpoAUy Ha ROxoptix'L noRonxcfl Horyn^ecxBO pejCHrin, npn- 
BO^^HTL M^^^T^piUHCxa** $efiep6axa Bi noBxopeniK) yxBepsAeniA 
MHCXHBa Ce6acxiaHa $paHBa: ,,Borb — axo HeBupasHMoe xoMJienie, 
3ajioseHHoe bi TJiY6EEi ^yniH'' (cxp. 82). ^nonnMaHie npaKXH^e 
csaro, naxexH^ecBaro, ecjiH ne cRasaxL naxojiorH^ecRaro xapaKxepa 
pexHriH H flBjiaexofl xoS pysoBO^iin^efi mhcjibk), Boxopan rocnoA- 

CXByeXl BO B(Ax% $HJI0C0$CB0 peJIHriOBHBIX'E HBOJli^AOBaHiHXl $dSep- 

'daxa; axo-xo cyn^ecxBenHO HOBoe, ^xo hoabhjiocl y nero bi npoxH- 
BOB^ci Terejoo h BCHBOMy pejiHriosHOMy pai^ionajiHSMy. Pajraria 
He cxpeMHxcfl nosnaBaxB; ona xoqexi c^ijiaxL Tro-HHCy^b axe qe 
xoBiBa; ea rxy6oqaiHiie BopHH ne bi MumxeniH, ho b'e qyBCXBi h 
BOX** (cxp. 74). TaBHiCL o6pa30Mi, ncxopifl pexnrifi ecxL, bi cym 
hocxh, HCxopiH qexoBt^ecBaro cep^i^a, h qio6H nonaxB ee, nyacHo 
cxoHXL Ha xo^Ri sptHifl caifHXi aj^enxoBi pexnriS, nysHO hohhxb 
Hxi noxpe6HOCxH, sexanin h ynoBanu. ,,B£icxynaH ci Bexn^aflniefi 
pimHxexLHocxBD npoxHB'b BCHRaro passnsaioii^aro 6orocxoBiA 



7^ pycCSOB BOrATOTBO. 

(Yerw^sserangstheologie), ^eftepdazi... Haxo^HTi HeseJiaTejiLHUMi,. 
^To6u Bct seniH h AorMaxBi, ocKop6jiflK)ii^ie pasyu bi laK'b Hasti* 
BaeuBix'b a6cojiK)THux'B pejiHrisxi... padcicaTpHBajiHCL, saKi no6oq-^ 
Hoe ABJieHie^ o6'BscHflK)nieecfl Jiamh hsb^cthuici BpeueaeMi hjih 
BSBioTHBiifb KpyroMi npeACTaBJi6Hifl... Kxo xoqer& A^ScTBHrejiLHO 

nOHflTL XpHOTiaHCTBO, T. 6. nOOTOTb erO Bl TOHeCTSt CO BO^MK 

ApyrHMH pejiHriflMH^ toti jifijanewh hby^htl xpncTiaBCTBO bo Bceft 

erO HCTOpB^eCEOfi nOJEOSHXeJILHOfl AtfiOTBHTeJILHOCTH, a He 6e3JIH^- 

Hoe, maTRoe, ]s,pa6jLoe xpHCTlaHCiBO Hostfimaro BpeMeHH, B^pa so- 
Toparo ABJiAeTCH B^poft BnojiHt BUMunuieHHOfl, npoTHBop^^asiieS 
caMoft ce6t, oflHOBpejceHHo h BtpoS, h neBtpieMi** (cxp. 69 — 70). 
PaacMaTpHBas pejiHriD, KaRi HAeajii, cos^aHHufl noxpedHocTAHH^ 
aeJiaBUiMH h yaoBaamMH ^eioBtRa, $eSep6axi», KOHe^HO, c^HxaeTB- 

Heo6xOAHH£J[M'B ^OpMyjIHpOBaXB H COBpeMeBHBiS HJ(eaJll», ROXOpBlft 

pnoyexcfl eny bi xaROMi BHji^i: ^IIojiiLsyflxecL fijiaroMi shshh h 
no Hipi oHJii H BO3BCO2KHO0XB yMeHBmafixe efl 3J!o. Bipyflxe bi 
TO, qxo Ha BOMJit Moo/cerm dumb Jiyqnie, ^iMt xeiiepL, h hxo (Jy- 
derm Jiy^me. OsHAaSxe Jiyqmaro He oxi cuepxH, ne on rpe8Hm;a- 
rocfl Bam 6e8cuepxifl, ho oxi ce6H oauHX'El HsroHHfixe nsi Mipa^ 
He cHepxL, a BCHEoe 3Jio. To silo, Roxopoe Mosexi 6biTh ycxpaneHO, 
mo 3JI0, npHHHHa Roxoparo Jiej&vn> bi Jii^HocTH, neroAHOcxH h ne-^ 
Bi^seoxBi^ qeioBi^Kay nueHHO dxo sjio h ecxB canoe ysacHoe. Ecxe- 
cxBeHHafl CMepxL, CHepxii, RaR'b pesyjiBxaxi 3aBepniHBniarocfl pas- 

BHXifl SH3HH, HO eCXB SJDEO; HO 3JI0MI HBJIHeTCH OMepXb, RaR'B GjAjS,: 

cxBie nys^bi^ aopoRa, nepeyxoMjieHiH, HenisecxBa. 9xy CMepxB^ 
H3roHHSxe H3i Mipa, hjih, no RpaSHefl Mi^pt, cxapaftxeoL no bos 
MoaHOoiH ee ycxpanaxL** (cxp. 113). 

Jdioxi hob&iS H^eaiL ecrs BsipaHeHie hoboS cxa;ipH bi pasBHxia 
qejiOBi^ecxsa, h6o, no yqemio $dSep6axa, ^xaflny fiorocjiosiH BCRpfii- 
BaeiB anxponojiorifl; xeoronia — axoHoxopia ^eJioBiqeoTBa' (cxp. 115)^ 



nnmaHyHJi'B KaHT'B. Pt'in A. Phjih h B. BiiaijsfiJKb6B,nnfi. 

nep. cb HtMeuKaro 5. B. HKOBeHKO. M. 1905. 

Sna^eHie Kanxa bi ooBpeiieHHOfl ^hjioco^Ih xaxi bojihro, ^to 
Hixi Haj^o6HocTH 611TB oTopoHHHBom OFO $Hjioco$iH, ^To6u pe- 
ROHeH^OBaxL ^HTaxejiHMi BCHRifi TOJ[ROBH[ft xpaRxaxi HeifB. 

HMena Phjih h BHHAeJiL6aHAa cjiysaxi AocxaxoHHofi rapaHxieft 
xoro, ?T0 Hxt BSTjisjs,^ Ha KaHxa npe^cxaBHTi 8Ha?Hxejii>HMfi HHxe- 
peci» A^H ny6jiHRH. 

PascMaxpHBaenan nauH He6oJiLniaH 6poHi]opa HBjifleTCfl Bocnpo- 
HSBe^eHieifB ptqefi, cRasaHHBix'B Phjiomi h BHHAejii»6aHA0Hi bs 
moHB cxojii^xiH CO BpeMOHH CMopxH KaHxa. 

GoBMi^cxHoe HSj^anie o6iETh pt^efl npe^^cxaBjCHeTi, ueTKjsj npo- 
^Hui, Toxi HHxepeci, HTO pa3JiH?ie to^ori spi^Hia o6ohxi bua^io- 



J 



HOBJUfl RUHrfl. 73 

n^BXCfl SHaiOKOB'L KaHTa, xota oxqaoTH, oSHapysHBaerE oepeji> ?h- 
TaTejieifE rt npoTHBopttia, Koiopufl cyn^ecTByioTi bi coBpeiieH- 

HOMl RaHTOBi;(%HiH, npOTHBOpt^ifl, EOTOpUff, nO HameMJ MH^HiK), 
COBepmeHHO HeHB6%SHH, H HeH86%SHLI He BCJlij^CTBie TOJIBKO He- 

flCHOOTH H HeHocjii^AOBaTejibHOCTH HSJioaceHlH y Kanxa, ho, rjiaBHuni 
o6pa80Mi, BOJui^CTBie Toro, ?to yqenie Kania npej^ciaBJiAerb cjiy- 
^aft neycTofi^HBaro paBHOBicifl, laK'B hto BOAKaH nonMTsa npHse- 
CTH B% nopffAOKi pa8HOo6pa8H£iH H fle BnojiH'6 rapMOHHpyion^ji 
Apyra cb ApyroMi ^acin axoro y^enin BeAerb HeosH^aHHo ki Ta- 

KHMl KOpeHHUMl HBlfiHeHiHM'E BCeft OHCTeilU, KOTOpUH COBepmeHHO 

BUBO^^Ti KaHTiaHi^a sa npe^jiu KaHTHsiia, ecjiH tojilso y aToro 
KaHTiaHi^a oKastiBaeTCH j^ocTaio^Ho nocjii^oBaTejiLHocTH h ^y^OB- 
Haro 6e8CTpanii4i. 

JI^^JDEO Vh TOMl, ?T0 JCOrH^eCKH paSBHTOfi KaHTHSMl HeH86'&XHO 

wjieTh vh CKeniHAHSMy h cojinacHSMy, h bi aToui OTHomemH oco- 
fieHHufi HHTepecL npeji;cTaBj[fler& piu BHHAejD[L6aHAa. H6o Bah- 
AejiB6aHA'b, xota ohi h ne ^yuaeT'b, ?to saHTHsifE BefferE Vh 
cseiiTHi^Hdiiy (HHane BHH^iiejibdaHji;^ ne 6liji'l 60. KaHTianueHi), Bce- 
TaBH HSJiaraexi y^enie Kania TaKHMi o6pa80M'E, m:o BAyM^nBOMy 
HHTaTejiK) jierso 6LiBaer& saMtxHTB, Kyj^a, bi cyn^HocTH, nejifiThj wh 

KOH10 KOHT^OBl, KaHTH8Ml« Bi^pOATHO, HOdTOMy-TO Ha BHHji;ejib6aHAa 

AOBOJiBHo Roco cHOTpATb HiKOTopue Apyrie KaHxiaHqu. 



C p. MbHI^OBI. Boflna H npHKJIIOHeHJSI 0;iOBflHHblXl> COJIAaTHKOBT>. 

Pa3CKa3i> njin Atiefl. Ct> pHcyHKaMH A. n. 3flcHepa. C. A. IIocn'Jk.iOB'E. 
Bi> CH-ferax-b BocToqHOft Ch6hph. IlpHKJiioqeHiH aMepHKaHues-b cpeAH HyKm>, ko- 
pjiKOBi> H KaM4aiiajioBT>. Ct> 18 pHcyHKaMH C. M. riaHOBa. /I,. A. IIaxoi[OB%. 
ZlBa crapHKa. IloBtcTb ajih lOHOuiecTBa {lAS-b KaBKascKOfl »ch3hh). Ci) 27 pHcyn- 
KaMH B. 9MMe. E. K. GonOBa. BacHH bI) jiHuaxi>. PaacKasbi aasi Atrefi. €!> 
pHcymcaMH C. M. IlaHOBa. (HsAamfl A. 4>. /leBpieua. 1904). 

IIpH Bu6opi^ KHHrL ji;jiH A^xefl o^enb pt^RO hmI^iox^ oxoxy hjih 
ii^ocyrE cnpaBHTbCfl He tojilko 0% coAepsanieMi KHHrH, ho ii^asse 01 
OTBUBaMH Hefl (npas^a, dxn oxsubu oqeHb p^ASo H3AaK)xc)i b'e 
mi^t c6opHHKOBi, yAo6HJuxi a^h nojn»30BaHi)i), h noxoiiy RHHrH 
ooKynaHXTE, pyaoBOAflCL, rjiaBHUicL o6pa80Mi, hxi BHimHOcxBK). IIo- 
aTOny RHHra, HSAaHHas Ha xopomefi 6y]fari, nane^axaHHaH spyn- 
HHMi, RpacHBEiiffc mpH^TOifL H cHa6seHHafl HJumexpamiflMH, mo- 
sera pa3G?flT£iBaxL He xojilro na nepBoe, ho h na noBXopHUH h8- 
Aania, xoxh 611 ona 6iij[a HeoouHi^HHOK) oxpni^axejiLHofi BejcnqHHoft, 
ecjiH HM^XB Bi BH^y jtHxepaxypHO-BocuHxaxejibHoe BHa^enie RHnrn. 
flpKHMi o6pa8^HROM'E xaROPO po^a HSAaniS Mosexi cAysHXb ^Boftna 
H npHRJOD^enifl ojiobahhux'b cojE^axHROB'b'' r. MHHi^JiOBa. Ennra 
uuierh o^eHL npinxHyi) BHimnocxB (RaKi Boo6H^e Bci Hd^aHiH 
(ffupuu JI^eBpieHa), neBHHHoe sarjiaBie h oobc^u'l ne neBHHHoe co» 



74 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

j^epacanie, ho BUAepsaJia yse ABa HSftaHiii h xenepB buxoabtb 
mpembUM^, 

JIlpyrHHH oJiOBaME, ee npoHJiH yse Tucfl^H ji^iiety h hobha th- 
CjiHH npoHTyTE Bi dyAyn^eifB, saipaTHBi BpeMfl na npo^TOHie 
KHHTH, KOTopafl vh jiyHmesfB cjiy^ai 6e8BpeAHa noxoMy, ?to bujij- 
Haua o^eHB cKy^HO h HeyKJiiDse: y ^HTaxeJifl Bce CMimEBaexcff bi 
sajieflAOCEonHqecKyH) Haccy, — h xepMHHu BoeHHOHHseHepHaro h 
BoeHHO-MopcKoro A^JiA (BoflHa npoHcxoj^Hxi 6jih8b 6eperoBT» „flno- 

hIh^ — Ha py^Lt, npOBBaHHOlTB „A.MJ]^0WL'*), KOXOpUlMH aBxopi 

ycHaGXHJiT> GBOK) KHHry, H dnHBOAH^ecKie pascsasu: o xomi, 
KaKi A^xH (peajiHcxi h rHMHasHcrL) ycxpaHsajiH na cbohx'b ocxpo 
Baxi KaxopsHyH) EOJEoaiio (anajioriH) CaxajiHHa?), xy^a pimnjiff 
„oc£ijiaxB npeoxynHSSOB'B ]i;hsl pa3pa6oTSH ajmasHHX'B poscunefi'*; 
o xoMiy saBi repoH r. MHHaJioBa cy^HJiH cbohxi ojiobhehuxi boe- 
xejiefl, npETOBopEB'B OAHoro hbi hbxi — „BEHOBHaro^ Bi afiapin 
KOMaHAEpa cy^Ha — k'e CMepxHofl sasEE, saMiHeHEofl, BCJi^ACXBie npo- 
xecxa pascKas^HKa, ^nosEsneEEUiMi RaKJiD^esieMi Bt noAseMHofi 
xiopLMi Ha ocxpoBi Theieeii^; xoMi, EaKt HajiL?yrasii-repoE 
erbiuajiu (^qepesi MEHyxy aErjiE^aEES'L beg^jii Ea cyKi A^P^Ba^, — 
no-BoeHHOMy pascsasiiBaen repofi-peajiEcx'B) cboexi BSEOBaxHxi 
nJi^sflux'E E ]i,H3&e „o6e8rjiaBj[eEHux'E paHeHBix'B^ (xyAosflSKi — 
r. dficEepi osasajicfl sa bucox4^ aBxopcKExi xpe6oBaEifi e hjijik) 
cxpEpoBajii 8X0X1 dnE80A'E»: sa KapxEHS^ E8o6pasesa BEcijiEqa e 
sa Eefi KasEeEEue ojioBEEEue cojiaaxeke; xyAoacHERi nponycxEJn 
6681 BEEMaHiE xoJiLKo yEasasie aBxopa, ^xo cpeAE ehxi aojissh 
6£ixL E „o6e8rjiaBjieEEH[e paEeEue^). Cboeme „o6e8rjn[aBj[eflS£iME 
paHeEUME^ r. Mehi^jeob'e xoxi^Jii, noBHAHMOMy, npEAaxL cneiuaJiBHO 
A^xcKifi KOJiopflxi paaosasy. Xopomi, OAHaKO, A^xoKift BOJiopExi, e 
xopomi Boo6n^e bocl pascKasi! IIoEGXEEt xpyAHO eosexb, A&se 

npEHEMafl bo BHEMaEie 0C06eHH0GXE G6£IXa A^XGKEXl EBAaHiS, BaKi 

MorjiE noEaAo6EXBCE xpE ESAaslE xaKoS khefh! 

Hsi BGix'E nepe^EGjieEEUixi BMme ESAaEift r. JI^eBpiefla naH- 
6ojii»mifi EExepeGi npeAGxaBiEexi KSEra r. IIoGntjiOBa: „B% ge%- 
raxi BocxoHsofi Ce6epe^, ^Exaio^aEGE JierEO e nepoAaion^aE memo- 
xoAOM'E ESB^GXEHfi sanaci cBtA^^BiS EaEieifE KpaflEeMi Ginepi. 
noBiGXB F. naxoMOBa „J(Ba GxapEKa'^ noGBEE^eEa Apy^oft OEpaEEi — 
EaBsa8y. HecMOxpa Ea xo, qxo b% paGnopflsesiE r. IlaxouoBa 6£ijia 
Ee MeEie 6jiaroAapEaE xeMa, ^in% y r. IIoGniJioBa, pascKasi no- 
jiy^EJiGE Meste sebumi e EExepeGHUMi. Ox^aGXE dxouy bhhod 
o6EJiie oxGxynjieEifi bi o6jiaGxii nponuaro KaBKasa. Egxb vh BBHrft 
siKOxopufl noaxE^eGKiE bojeleogxe BpoA^ xoro, ^xo repoH pas- 
GKasa BuiBsaioxi» EVh BjiaAEsaBsasa „paso yxpoMi'' h OGxaHaBJiE- 
BaiDXGfl sa so^JierE okojio JIapca bi 28 Bepcxaxi, x. e. qepesi 
3 — 4 TOGa nyxE. FopaaAO xyace, Bnpo^eMi, MEMOJiexsHE onoBtn^e- 
sis EBXopa ^npflx^^GseEiExi^ apMEEaiiE rpysESi a^ ^asxaGXE^e- 
oEie pascsasu o xohx, ^xo GpeAS KaBKasGKExi KasaKOBi ^a^^^ 



EOBUA KHHrH. 75 

nocTopoHHifi, saroBopHBinifi ii;ep8K0 co CTapHKOMi, ji^ijisijicai npe^Me- 
TOHi HacttimeK'B h npespiHiH (!) Boefl ciaHHi^K". 

%o se KacaeTCfl KHHrH r-SH ComoboS^ to bi hbS no-npocTj 
HcnopqeHH pasJEH^HUA 6acHH. Bee, ^to bi 6aoHHX'B hu^jio OMAr^eH- 
Huft xapaKTepi ajiJieropin, bi paacKasaxi r-SH GomoboS nojiy^HJio 
xapaKTepi OTTajEKHBaionieS pissocTH: SDjiji b% H3o6pa:seHiH rsH 
OoHOBofl noGTynaiorb cjiHmKOM'L no-SBtpHHOBiy. PasHHi^a MesAj 
BaeiaTJEinieMi oxi 6aceHi KpujioBa h ote cooTBiTCTByDn^Hxi 
^6ac6Hi B% jimihx'h'^ r-acH ComoboS laKaa se, KaKaA nojiyqaeiCA, 
ecjiH lineBoS cHJiydxi Ha cTini o6BecTH, ;i;jifl 6ojiLniefi hchogth, 
jrieMi, — ;^a e^^e ^noKptme" o6BecTH. 



AjieKcaH;i,P'B BuqKOB'B. GHCTemaTHqecKiifc yKa3aTe»ii» »cypHajiL- 
HHX'b CTETeft H KHHri ^^jifl qTenifl ho BOupocaifB oOji^aro o6pa- 
30BaHia. ToMCKT*. 1905. 

KHHSKa r. AjieEcaHApa Bu^KOBa A^meba^ a cnpoci Ha Ta&iji 
floco6lH BeJiHSi; noaxoMy Heo6xoAHi)io npeAOcxepe^L qniaTejieft or& 
BosHOSHaro BOBJieqeHiA bi HeB£iroj^HyH) * CA^jisy. 
I BjiaroAapfl namefl o6n^ecTBeHHOfl h niKOJiiiHofl CHCieMi, npocBi- 

ii^eHHUMH jiid;i;h cTanoBHTCA y naci bh^ mKOJiii h csopie BonpesH, 
^Iwh 6jiaroAapH en CTpeMJieHiflMi; nanie o6pa80BaHie eciL no npe- 
HMyn^ecTBy caMOo6pa80BaHie. Oixoro lasi sa^HO Hn];eT'E nami o6u- 
BaiejiB, aiOTi ncTHHHufl MyqennKi npoGBi^eHia, bgakhxi nony- 
JiflpHUiX'L KHHn, noGo6ifl^ yKasaxejieS no oSpasoBaiejiBHOMy qie- 
flii). B'L HSBtcTHoS CTeneHH stoti GnpoGt y^oBJieTBopneTGA. Bt> 
o6iHxi CTOJiHi^axi opraHHBOBaJiHGL rpynnu cnei^iajiHGTOBi, Gocxa- 
BHBmnx'L nporpaifMBi o6pa30BaTej[LHaro qxeniH no pasHUMi cHGxe- 
MaHi; HO na ochob^^ o6npixi naqajci h e^HHaro HanpasjieHifl. Mo- 
iifiOBGKifl H nexepfiyprGEiii nporpaMMU oxBaxBiBaioxi, o^HaKo^ ynn- 
sepcHxeTCKie sypcii h npe^nojiaraioxi yse hsb^^gxhuS yponenB 
^Hanifl. 3a npej^ijiaifH cpaBHHxejiBHO He6ojiLHioro spyra no^roxo- 
BieHHuxi Ki xaKOMy qxeHin jihii;^ OGxaioxGfl rpoMa/^HUH h 6iicxpo 
uospaoxaioniiA MaGGU ^Hxanniaro juo^a, Hn^yn];aro xopomeft khhskh, 
acej!aioni;aro BBeoxn CBoe qxenie bi GHOxeny h Hifiio^aro ^jih axoro 
016HL MaJio noco6ifi. Bi cyniHOGXH, i,JI^OManiHHMH 6H6jiioxeKaMH^ 
aoKoftHaro IlaHOBa HoqepnuBaexoa Boe, tto mosho npe^JiosHXb 
HaiHHanQ^eMy. Mesj^y xiMi, dxa nojiesHan RHHSKa 6£iJia Jinnib 
aepBBiifL onuxoMi; ona HysAajiaGL 6k bo MHoacecxBi^ AOnojiHenift, 
aonpaBOKi, o6HOBj(eHifi. Ee aojishu 6ujih 611 sam^HHXB nporpaMMH, 
GOGxaBjieHHUff, ecjiH He rpynnofi c^e^iaJIHGX0Bl, xo, no Kpafinefl 
Mipi, BceoxopoHHe o6pa80BaHHUM'B H mnpoKO JooSoBHaxejcBHuifE 
HejioBiKOHi, sHasoMiim He xojibko 01 nay^HoS JUHxepaxypofl, ho e 
H)i BH nonyjuipHUMi oxpasenieMi. 



76 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

Cy^H no npeji;HCjiOBiK), r. Bu^kobi, RaKi 67:^10, h He 6pajicfl 8a 
cocTaBJieHie xaKoro yRasaTeM. Ohi xortjci tojileo »o6j[erqBTS 
cnpaBKj H noMO^L HaflTH isypHaJiLHyK) cxaTLK) hjih KHHry^. OAHaBo, 
OT]if^s.% I ero KHHrH osarJiaBJceHi JI^ah HaHunaw^^ux^ Humamt h 

COAepSHTb BUiSopi KHHFB, AOBOJIBHO pa8H006pa8Hllfi, XOTfl H CJiy- 

^afiHufl. ^a H KOMy mofe 6li homohb ysaaaTejiB r. Eu^KOBa? 
npesEQ^e BcerO; KOHeqHO, He Hay?HOHy pa6oTHHKy. Hay^Hufl yKasa- 
xejEB npeAnoJiarajn 6k hjih KpHTH^ecKiS B£i6opi, hjih nojiHOTy; hh 
Toro, HH Apyroro bi pa6oT^ r. Bii^EOBa h^ti^ a& h ne Morjio 6utb, 
RaKi HOKasuBaeTi ero pa8Gsa8i npoHcxosAenin ero khhskh. 
„B% xe^enie ho^xh ji^aAi^axH Jitxi, 0% nepepuBaMH, a hh^^jh o6li- 
KHOBOHie oxMi^axL y ce6fl xi sypnajiLHUH cxaxBH h xi KHHrn, kg 
xopuH, no MoeS jih oii;tHK% hjih no pej^ensiHifB bi nepioj^H^ecBofl 
nenaxH^ sacJiysHBajiH wh BaKOH'b-JiHfio oxHomeniH o6n;aFO BHHManiH. 
Go6paHHUfl xaKHMi o6pa8oac'£ saiiixBH neoAHOspaxHO yse npe^- 
cxaBJiiiJiH H MHi) H MOHifL sHaEOMBiui oymocxBeHHoe noffcnopBe BX 
xi^xi cjiy^aaxi, Kor^a na^o 6£ijio oxucKaxB sypnajiBnyio cxaxBK) 
HJIH naBecxH JiHxepaxypHyio cnpaBKy'*. KasajiocB 621, axoxi Ha6op'B 
cJiy^aflHBix'B oxMi^xoEi HosHo 6hjio cnosoSHo ooxaBHXL no npesc- 
neiiy j^jih AOManiHHro ynoxpe6jieHiH. F. Buikobi pascy^HJH nna^e 
H H8ji;ajii obod nenysHyK) SHHSKy. Mhofo roBopHXB neS ne 
cxoHXi. 3x0 He ^cHcxeMaxH^ecsift yKasaxejiL^, a sama; OMimHO 
yKasBiBaxB nponycEn: hmh uosho Sbijio 6bi HanojiHHXB ^ecflxsH xa- 
EHxi SHHSOKi. JI^OGxaxo^HO GEdsaxf^ ^xo B% ox^^Jii^ pyccEoS 6eji- 
jiexpHCXHKH, sy^a BomJiH xaEse noaxn, yKadanu co^HHenin AmsH- 
nasH, JI^ojiroBO, MajiHSOBa, ho nirh MaflEOBa, IIojiOHCsaro, <&exa, 
TioxqeBa; bi ox;i;ijit HHOcxpanHoS 6ejiJiexpHcxHEH ecxB .BepoHHsa^ 
niyMaxepa h MHcnonij^ cxapnsa^ HieBO, ho e^tl TesEepen. 
Bepne xose ne y^ocxoHJicH ynoMHHaniii. 9xo cjiy^aflnue npHM^pu 
HSi MHOsecxBa. Oae^axoE'B, ypoAyion^HXi co6cxBeHHH[fl HMona h 
sarjraBifl, Macca. 



HoBUH KHHrH, noeTyiiHBiniH bi> penaKipK). 

(3HaHami)icfl &!> aroM'b cnncKt KHHrH npHCbiJiaiOTOi asropaMH h HSAarejiflMM B-b 
peAaxiiiK) Bi> oAHOM'b 9K3eMnji)ipt h bi KOHTOpt xcypna^ia ne npodafOfncH, 
PaBBfaiifB o6pa30M'b KOHTopa He npHHHiiaerb Ha ce6fi KOiiMHCCiH no npio6ptTe-. 

Hiio B-rnxb KHHFb Bi KHHxcHbix'b MarasHHax'b). 

A^eucaudpz JJfo6po^w6oez. Ha-b xobI). KHHra nepea^. Cn6. 1905. U. 1. p. 

KHHrH HeBHAHMOfl. KHHrOH3AaTeiIbCTBO 50 K. 

,CKopnioHi>'. MocKBa. 1905. U. 1 p. 50 k. JLeomid'h CeMeueaz, Co6paHie cth- 

n. Cojio&beea (Allegro). Hneii, xoTBOpeHifl. Cn6. 1905. U. 1. 25 k. 

PHcyHKH H CTHXH. Cn6. 1^5. li. 2 p. Octtwh JJfhiMoez*. CojiHuesopOTi*. 

CepzfbU Manoecniu, Co6paHie cth- Cn6. 1905. LI. 1 p. 25 k. 



BOBbI>) KHHni 



77 



O. yaiiAhd'b. BajiAada JPuduuz- 
4^u^'^ i^ifop^bMhi. Hep. H. opwb. Cn6. 
1903. 

SceeoJiodzt Ry^uzuwh. Cmydeu- 
m"^ ApaMaTH4ecKi(t aiiOAb. BojmaHCKi>. 
1905. li. 75 K. 

JLoM&wh. Ha6pocKH. Cn6. 1905. U. 
1 py6. 

O. MupOo. >KaHi> H MaA^nena. Apa- 
iia B-b 5 At<lcTB. riep. cb (})paHu. M. B. 
BaTCOin>. Cn6. 1905. 

A. Bayjitiub. OipbiBKH. Cn6 1905. 

JIthCHU ceo6odhi. Msa. O. H. Py- 
TeH6eprb h A. M. >KyKOBOfl. Cn6. 1905. 
U. 60 K. 

Kanmmpoert. ITepBbifl AeHb c;iy}K- 
6bi. ToMCK-b. 1905. 

Uemp'h OjieuuHTt. .Ha Baxit". 
O^iepKH H pascKaabi. Cn6. 1904. U. 75 k. 

JRu. H, ^oj^OMtheeh. CqacTbe. /Ipa- 
AiaTHHecKafl iiosMa. Cn6. 1905. U. 1 p. 
25 Kon. 

U, CanyAfUHTb. A. H. FlbinHH-b. 
MocKBa. 1905. 

C. JlHoe^eert, A. H. CrpeKajiOBa. 
(Biorpac}). o«iepKT»). MocKBa. 1904. 

jB. M, CeMeecKiVf JB. Bozynap- 
eniH H H. M. HfezoAeeh. ZleKa6pH- 
CTbi: M. A. (})oht>-Bh3hht>, kh. E. Fl. 
06oAeHCKifl H 6ap. B. M. UlreflHreJib 
(,06iiiecTBeHHbiH ABHHceHiJi B-b PocciH 
BT> nepByio nojioBHHy XIX BtKa', t. I). 
KHHroHSAaTejibCTBO M. B. nnpoKKOBa 
Cn6. 1905. a 5 p. 

S» MupoeuH7», CrpaHHua Hs-b hcto- 
piH BejiHKofl 4)paHuy3CKoJl pecso.iiouiH 
(r-Mca Po;iaHT>). Ct> npeAHCJioBiewT* npo(J). 
H. Kaptesa. Hsa. C. AopoBaroBCKaro h 
A. HapyiuHHKOBa. MocKBa. 1905. U. 1 p. 

A. Bauda^h. BoaBbimcHie BoHanap- 
la. riep.cbXI (})paHu. H3A. 3. H. >KypaB- 
CKOfl. KHHroHSAareJibCTBO M. B. flMpoxc- 
Kosa. Cno. 1905. U. 2 p. 

A. A, HuuoAae&b. OnepKH no hcto- 
pin 5inoHCKaro napoAa. Msa. ,06me- 
CTBeHHOft noAbSbi*. Cn6. 1905. U. 1 p. 

R. Mapnch. Fpa^KAaHCKasi Boftna bo 
<l>paHuiH (1870—1871). Ct. npCAHCJio- 
BicM-k 4>. SHrejibca. KHHroHSA. .Bype- 
BtcTHHK'b". OAecca. 1905. U. 15 k. 

Jt^. JH. AootuapyMoe'h, Msi* mohxii 
BocnoMHHaHift. Co BCiynHT. craTbefl B. 
B. CeMCBCKaro. Hsa- „06iuecTBeHH0fl 
noAbSbi". Cn6. 1905. U. 1 p. 60 k. 

S. JByaecuyA,!^. >KeHCKiJl Bonpocb 
vb ApeBHefl FpeuiH. Hsa- BpetiTHraMa. 
XapbKOBi>. 1905. U. 40 k. 

H. JCeeumoeh. >KeATopocciH, KaKT> 
CypHcyaanaji koaohI^. Cn6. 1905. UtHa 
75 Kon. 

PocciH, rioAHoe reorpacj). onHcanie 
Hauler© OTenecTBa. floAT* pcA. B. n, 
CcMenoea h o6m. pyKOB. II. U, Ce- 



MCHoea H B. H. •laMancnazo, T. 

IX. BepxHee FIoAHtnpoBbe h BtAopyc- 
ciR. Cn6. 1905. H3a. AeBpieua. U.. 3 p. 
75 Kon. 

H, fl^uM^ecnan. MepHOMOpCKifl cre- 
OH (Feorp. KOMHiHCcisi npH yne^HOMr ot- 
A^At 06m. pacnpocTp tcxkhh. anaHift). 
MocKBa. 1905. U. 40 k. 

KoHCfnumy'^iowH^e zocydap- 
cmeo. C6opHHKi> CTaiett. M3a. I. B. Fec- 
ceua H npHB.-A0u. A. H. KaMHHKa npn 
yqacTiH pcAaKuiH raseiw .FlpaBo". Cn6. 
1905, U. 75 K. 

^JeoHapdz OAcmowb. 06iuifl 
OMepK-b coBpcMeHHbix^ KOHCTHiyuifl. Bbc- 
AtHie B-b HayKy o rocyAapcTB^. IlepeB. 

CT> aHFA. nOA'b pCA. H. H. MaMOHHHa. 

MocKBa. 1905. 

H. A. TpedecuyjiTb, MapKCH3MT> h 
HAeaJiH3Mi>. ny6AfiqHaH AeKuin. 2 h3a. 
XapbKOB-b. 1905. 

A. Menzep'b. HoBoe yneHie o rocy- 
AapcTB-fe. FlepcB. cb H-feM. nOA'b pcA. B. 
KncTflKOBCKaro. Msa. C. CKHpMyHia. 
Cn6. 1905. a 1 p. . 

Aumouh Menzepz. HoBoe y^ieme 
o rocyAapcTB-fe. FlepeB. JI. >K6aHK0Ba. 
06pa30BaTeAbHa« 6H6jiioTeKa. Msa. O. H. 
nonoBOfl. Cn6. 1905. U.. 1 p. 

BeAhmoez, 3a ABaAuaib Jihr-h. C6op- 
HHRT* CTarefl. Cn6. 1905. U. 3 p. 

HuchMa ^CffdwHanda JIaccajin 
w« MapKCfj ti Suzejihcy Ci npH*M. 
4>. MepHHra. Flep. B. A. IllaHHHa noAi* 
peA. A. <I>HHHa-EHOTaeBCKaro. Cn6. Khh- 
roH3AaTeJibCTBo .JlHTepaiypHoe JXhno*. 
1905. U. 1 p. 50. 

Dr. Michael Tugan - Bara- 
notvsky. Theoretische Grundlagen des 
Marxismus. Leipzig (Duncker & Hum- 
blot). 1905. Preis M. 5. 

K. Mapnch u *. BuzejiTtCH. Byp- 
McyasiH, npojieiapiai-b n KOMMyHHSMi. 
Hep. Cb HtM. C. A. AjieKcfeesa. OAecca. 
1905. IX. 10. 

Ajiu6€zoe'h. >KHAHmHbiH ycAOBifl pa- 
CoMHXT* MepHaro ropOAa. Bany. 1905. 

A. CMupnoez, ^^o CAtJiaAH ccAb- 
CKoxo3)iflcTBeHHbie coK)3bi Ha 3anaAt, n 
mo OHH Moryr-b CAtjiaib y nacb. M. 
1905. U. 15 K. 

A. S. JIozuHoe'h. BectAa ct. Kpe- 
CTbflHaMH o Tpexno;ibHOJl CHCTeM-fe xo- 

3HflCTBa. EKaTepHHOCAaBT>. 1905. 

M. Jlyniir*. 4>a6pHKaH'rb h pa6o4ifl. 
RB'h )KH3HH. CoBpeMeHHafl 6H6jiioTeKa. 
M3A. M. JX. CbiTHHa. M. 1905. U. 10 k. 

r, Cneucep'b. PasMwiiiAeHifl. FlepeB. 
F. OpiuaHCKaro. Msa. M. A. BpeflTH- 
raMa. XapbKOB-b. 1905. U. 40 k. 

B, MpaeecnHi. Fope h paAOCTb a'^t- 
CKaro BOBpacia. JleKuiH no ncHXOAon'H 



78 



PyCOKOB BOFATOTBO. 



qyBCTBii pe6eHKa. XapbKOB-b. 1905. U. 
60 Kon. 

Aptnyp^ monenzayap'b. Co6paHie 
coHHHeHifl. Bi> nepesoAt h nojii* peAax- 
iiie<i K). M. Af^xeHsajibAa. BbinycK-b XII. 
H3A. A. H. E4)HM0Ba. 

H, M. MuMCHiH. PeiiHrifl 6yAyiua- 
ro (<I>H;ioco(})CKie paaroBopbi). Cn6. Hsa. 
M. B. nHpo}KKOBa. 1905. U. 2 p. 

M. Teptueuaowh. Mucjih Ahyxh (t)H 
;ioco({)OB'b o lUKo^it (B. VyutonhATh h 
KoHAopca). M. 1905. U. 10 k. 

H* Hapfienmheez, npHB.-AOueHrb. 
Hach HenpepbiBHOCTH h npepbiBHOcTH.. 
PtHb Bi> aactA. KaaaHCK. 4)H3 -Mar. o6m 
KaaaHb. 1905. 

E. EAaHum. Hsi xchshh npHpoAU. 
Bio;iorHqecKie owepKH. Cn6. 1905. U 
40 Kon. 

Becfbdhi o6z OKpyMcawtuitixh ne- 
jieuiHQCTt AJifl ynaiuHxcfl bi* cejibCKHxi 
uiKO/iax'b. MacTb I. BosAyxi h BOAa. 
MocKBa. 1905. U. 25 k. 

BymueeuHh. CaMoyHHTeAb nqejio- 
BOACTsa. M. 1905. U. 1 p. 25 k. 

S O. 06paati^&h. flncbMO AyuieB- 
HO-6oAbHbixi. M. 1904. 

JJ^'P^ S. *. Moputi'6, O npeACKa- 
saHiH )KH3HH. Biopoe H3A. Cn6. 1905. 
U. 75 K. 

Jleni^iu no aaiatncnoii ocoA^eptb, 
qHTaHHbifl AJiH Bpanefi h cTyACHTOB'b npH 
xapbK. MCAHU. o6mecTBt B-b 1905 r. 
XapbKOB-b. 1905. U. 2 p. 

M, S.. BpeHntMawh 3nHAeMHqecKJt) 
uepe6pocnHHa;ibHbifi MenHHrHTi. I43a. 
McypHaJia „[lpaKTHqecKafl McAHUHHa". 
Cn6. 1905. 

SnuzouadntneJihcmeo ^^Bype" 
erhcmnuK'h^^. SKOHOMHMCCKoe yweHie 
JR. MapHca bi> H3;iO)KeHiH R. Maym- 
CKazo. flep. cb 9 HtM. h3a. 2 h3a. U. 
30 Kon. ^. Jlacca^h. O nporpaMMt 
pa6oTHHKOBi. U. 10 K K. Kaymcniii. 
npo^eiapiarb h o6iixecTBeHHhJfl crpofl. 
!(. 60 K. Be6e»^'b nojio>KeHie }KeHmHHbi 
wh HacTOHiueM-b h 6yAymeM'b. Flep. ci 
HtM. II. 8 K. B€6e^h. O BepHuiTeflHt. 
2 H3A. nep. CT> HtM. U. 15 K. OAecca. 
1905. 

HaCpawHOM 6u6MomeKa: M 4. 
0. Jlaccajth. O cymHocTH KOHCTHiy- 
uiH. riep. CT» H^M. K McKypyjib-Kyma. 
C-b npeA. 3- BepHiureflHa. U. 8 Kon. 
KieBT>. 

Tencni'hi noHcmumytiiii. M3a ra- 
aeibi „KieBCKie Otkjihkh". I. flpyccKan 
KCi.,:THTyuifl. riep. M. C. Io(})({)e. II. Mc- 



naHCKaH KOHCTHiyuiH, flep. H. H. Jly- 
MMUKOfl. PeA. H npeAHCJi. npo<t). H. B. 
JlyqwuKaro. Kicbt*. 1905. LI. no 5 k. 

CoepeMenu€Ui 6u6Mi>meKa., Hsa.. 
T-Ba M. JX. CbiTHHa. H. JJ,. Hoeum. 
MocKOBCKie seMCKie co6opu. II 15 k. 
A. A. fl^MeueeAezoe^h. Pocrb npeAcra- 
BHTejibHUx-b yqpexcAeHitl Ha 3anaAt. II. 
10 K. M. 1905. 

06u^doemynnaR 6u6MomeKa 
Fop6ynoea - Uocadoea. UopfMi- 
Miii, ^apbi MopH. II. 10 Kon. UoptMf- 
uiH. nyreuiecTBie no Caxapt. U. 8 k. 
IIopfhtiHiii. BosAyiuHbie nyTeuiecTBCH- 

HHKH. U. 15 K. M. 1905. 

Hadanin ^,TlocpedHuna^^ . Ho- 
rn anuna, Jl0pA)KH, 6yp$lTCKifl Mailb- 

4HK-b. LI. 15 K. JOEomanuua, Paacxasu 
o 6ypflTaxi. \X- 12 k. FopOyHoez-Uo- 
cadoetk, Bt, XpHcroBy HOMb. U. 1 k. 
Uocntynaeett. He AOUieA-b. U. 1 k. 
O. JPynoea. FlaBjmKii. LI. 1 k. Ha- 
McueiM/Hh. Be;iHKaR HCTHHa. LI. 1 Kon. 
3A,anioepantcHii4 . JlepeBeHCKifi ko> 
pojib. U. 3 K. M36paHHbie muc^ih h a(|)0- 
pH3Mbi .T. JJ. ToAcmozo Bbin. I. LI. 
30 K. M. 1905. 

BuOMomeua ^Ehiazo '^uma- 
meAH^^. lenaeuh. rycraB-b Basa. U. 
25 K. 9. Baocmepoea. Flo nycibiHt. 
\X. 5k. Cn6. 1905. ^^OKd« Hpneemt. 
3a CBo6oAy (HecbH ro;ioBbi). PoMaHi>^ 
riep. CT> qemcKaro. B. KD)KaHHHa. Cn6^ 
1905. LI. 40 K. Cpedu yz^enonoo^. 

riOBtCTb H31> )KH3HH aHrJliftCKHX-b pa6o- 

qHxi>. riep. Cb awrjiificKaro 3. FlHiieHo- 
Bofl. Cn6. 1905. 2-e HSAanie. 

Tpydhi dwpo no BumoMOAOziu 
ynenazo noMumema muh. acMJi. u 
zocyd. uMyt^ecntezt T. VI. M 3. 
nipeunep'b. ApeBecHHua B-btAAHBasi h 
ApeBOTOweu-b naxynifl. U. 3 Kon. }h 6. 

nopHUHCKiii. CtpHHCTblft yrJicpOAT*- 
Bis 60pb6'fe Cl> BpeAHblMH HCHBOTHblMH. 

M. I. LI. 25 Kou. >k 2. mpeHueph. 
3HMH5IH TCAeHHua. U,. 3 K. Cn6. 1903. 

Ty^ynoett u UlecmaKO&h. HoBaii 
mKo;ia. M. I. MaAanie M. /I. CbiTHHa. M.. 
1905. \X' 25 Kon. 

HaenfCmiH Cn6, noJiumeooHUH. 
uHcmtimynta. 1905. T. Ill, Bbin. 1 — 2. 
Cn6 1905. 

OmHem'h noMumema Rpacnazo 
Kpecnia npu naaancKOM^ ynu" 
eepcuni>emn> no 8 (|)eBp. 1905. Ka- 
aaHb. 1905. 

Omuemh Cn6. noMcapnoii ho^ 
Mandhi aa 1904 e. I. Cn6. 1905. 



nOJIHTHKA 79 



ElOJIHTHKa. 



Okoao BOflHbi. — Oko;io MHpa.— <l>paHKorepMaHCKifl koh(});ihkti>. — ABCTpo-Benrep- 
CMfl KOiKt>^HKTb. — IIlBeAO-HopBe)KCKift KOHcj);iHKrb. • — TcKymiH C06bITij|. — He- 

Kpo;ion>. 

1. 

Ha rjiaBHOMi xeaipi BoeHHuxi j^i^flcTBifi, bi ManqacypiH, botl 
yse oKOJio uath Mtcm^eBi iiapHTi des^McTBie. PeKorHoci^poBKH 
H EaBajiepiftcKie Hafiftrn, aBaHnocTHUA A^Jia h nocTOAHHiifl Han^y- 
ouBaHur 01 otiiiTh cTopoH'E, He OTomejii jih npoTHBHEKi, He ne- 
peMtHHJTE JEH HOdHiuH. FaseTHUH HSBioTifl uecTfSTh TejierpanMaMH 

06l 8THXI CTOJIKHOBeHiflXl, BIHTHpyH COTHflMH HHeHa Gl OEOHHaHiflMH 

Ha amy auhb, xe, t^au h t. j^., o% BceBOSMOSHUMH npHCTaBKaifH 
cnepe^H, ho yse pft^KO kto cjAjsjirh sa 8thhh HtfenaMH, — Bce paBHo 
oTCiOAa HHqero ne pad6epeniB. SnaeHi, oj^HaKO, ?to 8th necxpjni^ie 
rasexHue jihoxu nmi h jiuhu, xe h t{du ABJiflioxca neoapoBepsH 
MUMH HOKasaxejiffMH; ?xo ese^HeBHo h esenoiniHO, bi bhoS h a'b 
j^oa^, 6e8npep£iBHOK) cxpyeio jibbxch kpobb na $poHx4^ cBKme cxa 
Bepcxib. 

EcjiH „Ha UlmasA Bce cnoKoSHo", xo cxaHOBHxca HecnosoflHo' 
vh HHiixt Hicxaxi. BjiaAHBOCXOSi rQXOBHXOH Ki y^acxH Apxypa, a 
Ha CaxajiHHi^ yse xo8flSHH^aK)xi snowa^. 

TejierpaMMa ren.-oxi-HH^. JlHHeBH?a yB^AOMHJia o naqajit dxofi 
HOBofl rjiasEi vh Hcxopin 6iACTBeHHofl boAhu wh cjit^yioiniHX'B bu- 
pasenijix^E: 

«24 iDHH HOOHipi saHHJiH Hocxi KopcasoBCKifl; 25 mna, vy> 
8 nacoBi yxpa, vh 6^xii^ Jlooocefl boidjeh ^Ba MEHOHocoia h oxKpujiB 

OrOHL no CoJIOBBeBCKOft ^08H^iH. KopcaKOBCKifi OXp)IA% CE COJIOBBeB- 

cKofi nosHiuH cxaji'b oxxoji;hxl na cftBepi. EoHHHi^a npoxHBHHsa 8a- 
HAJia CojiOBbeBKy. Bt KopcaKOBCEOMi Bucaj^HJiCH ;i;eccaHxi hhoh- 
i^eBi vh cocxaBft Bcixi xpexi po^oBi opysia''. 

nocxi KopcaROBCKlS, Bxopoe no BHa^eniio noceJieHie na Ca- 
xajiHHi^. OsoJio Hero JiesHxi noxonjienHufi ^Hobek'b^. xomi se 
co6£iTiH iinoHqu coo6niHJiH cjiijiyioiiieH) Aenemeio: 

„JIoh;^ohi, 27 iiOHH (11. A.). flaoHCKaa MHCcia onySjiHSOBaJia 
0JI4«yl)^^yI) xeJierpaMiry hbi TokIo oh 27 Ibdhh: „PaHO yxpoMTb 
25 iiDHH namt AOccaHxi saBJiJH nocxi KopcasoBCKifl, ne Bcxpi- 
XHBi 6ojibnioro conpoxHBJieHiH. PyccKie cosrjiH KopcaKOBCKifl nocxi 

H OXCXyHHJIH Kl ^03H^iAII'B 6j[H8'b Muca EOJELIlOBa, Ha pascxoflHiH 

7 MHJiB Bi ctBepy oxx nocia KopcaKOBOKaro. Tyxi ohh onaxB nw- 

XaJIHCB OOnpOXHBJEHTBCil, HO 6eIJ[H BBi6hXIiI HamHMH BOflCKaiiH HS'B 

nocejisa h oxcxynHJiH }Su% BjiaAHMipoBK'6, na 22 mhjh ki otBOpy 
oxi nocxa KopcaROBOKaro. Bi bthx'b cxoJiRHOBeHiax'L mm saxBa 



80 PyOOBOB BOrATCTBO. 

THjiH opy^^e H 6oeBfiie npHnacLi. C% fiameS cxopoHu noTepB He 

SaxiHi A^ScTBiiixi anoHi^eB'B Ha nri CaxajiHBa HMinrcfl 
cjiiAyH)m,iJi flnoHcsifl cBtji^tHiA: 

„loHffOH'B, 28 iiona (11 iiOHfl) (^Central News*). HnoHCKoe no- 
cojELCTBO on76jiHKOBajio xejierpaiiMy a^Mnpajia RaTaoKa, ja;0H0Cfl- 
c^aro, ^TO ABa Kpeflcepa h ^ernpe MHHOHOcna^ noj^i KOMaHKoft 
KOHTp'E-a;iiMHpajia Toro, 6hjih nocjiaHu ct BoficKaMn ki mucj Kohao, 
Ha joro-sanaAt GaxajiHHa. 27 Idhh, nocji x^MOHCTpaTHBHoS 6ok- 
6apAHpoBKH, aoKantpa Buca^Hjia Mopcsofl AeccaHTi, kotophS saiffJi'B 
MLiGi, r^i Eamejn MaiiRt h cxpoeHifl bi noJiHofi HcnpaBHOCTH''. 

ToKio, 29 iK>HH (12 iioja) (^Central News"). O^^HnJajEBHO. Ca- 
xajiBHi GHOBa BasBaift'E Ra6a$yTo. 

2 (15) iiOM*. KopoaKOBCKift nocxi roptjit J^o 27 iioHJi. TopoffB 
noHXH coBepmeHHo yHH^xojKeni. 

2 (12) iiojiff. 0$$HiqajiLHO. CorjacHO Goo6ni;eHiH) hs'e caxajiHH- 
cEofi apMiH^ HnoHinH, npecji^Ayfl pycGKHX'E, b£i6hjih nx'b Est hosh- 
nii Me»cAy BjiaAHMipcEofl h BjiHSHefi h sanflJiH o6a axn nyHKxa. 
PycGide oxcxynHjiH na yKptnjreHHyio nosni^iio Ki ctnepy oxi JtajiB- 
Hefi, Tji,% 0% noHoni;BiD h^ckojilkhx'b nojieBHX'B opyjiifi h nyjieMe- 
xoBi, osasajiH ynopnoe conpoxHBjeHie. flnoncEaa apHifl axasoBaJia 
Henpiflxejifl 28 iiDHii h na pasGBtxi 29 Hanecjia eny nopasenie. 
IIoxepH pyccEHxt neHBBtcxHH, HO y6HXHX'B y hhxi, Btpoaxno, 
150 qejr. 

2 (14) iiojia (P. A.) (^Central News"). Bt GpajKeniH na Ca- 
xajuHHt HHOHi^M noxep^JTH GeMB qeJTOBis'B y6HXHMH, 60 paHenuMH. 
H)»Haff ?aGXB GaxajiHHa xenepB b-b pynaxi anoHii^eB'B. IIo GJiyxaifB, 
KopcaEOBCsifi noGXi g^b 24 no 27 innfl dHJii o&hsirh nosapoHi, 
BeGB ropoffi BBirop'bJi'B. y6*»aBniie acHxejiH, no 6ojiBniefi qacxH ly- 
8eMii;Li, B08BpamaK)XGH HasaA*^. 

XoEOffaxe, 4 (17) idjih. (^Central News"). flnoHi^u opraHHsyioTB 
ynpaBJieflie CaxajiHHOMX. (P. A.). 

Tosio, 4 (17) iiojiA. IIo niftioiiiHMGfl s^^gb CBiA^HiASfB, anoH- 
iiaMH BBirpysBHi bi RopcaEOBGsi Haxepiajti ^jih nojiHaro o6opy- 
AOBaHia HOJieBofi seJii^3Hofi ji;oporH bi 125 mhjib, a xasace BHca- 
jseHi A^GGanxx bi 3,000 ^eJioe^Ei. BoopyKenHHfl ghjtbi flnoHi^eBi 
Ha CaxajiHHi& fl;oGXHraK)xi bi naGxoamee BpoMa 14.000 ^ejEOBtK-B. 

3 (16) liojia. Ha CaxaiHH* a^OH^aMH bshto wb nji^Hi 80 'le- 
jiOB^Ei, Bi xoMi iHGJii 0]ijiEi, JxefixBHanrB. Hmh saxBa^eHH xaKse 
4 nojieBBix'B opy;^a, ofliBHi nyjieMexi, 6oeBBie npHnaGH, apcenaJiH. 
YpoHi anoHmeBB coGxaBJiaexx oeojbeo 70 ^ejioBtai, pyGCKie »e no- 
xepajiH OEOJio 150. 

8 (21) iiojia. Ha CaxajiidiHt Bsaio Bib nJii&H'B 6ojite 200 ^ejro- 
BtR-B, BT> xoM-B ^HCJit jreflxeHaHxi CB Epeficepa ^Hobhei*, BaHHMas- 
m\& noGxi soMaHAHpa bi RopGasoBcsoifB. 

3aHaxie anonaaMH FjjKHofi Jiy^niefi qacxH CaxajiHHa bxhmh ji/bi- 



OOJEHTHBA. 81 

CTBiflMH aaBepmeHo. BicicTi ci xtMi HanaTo cHCTeiraTH^ecKoe jTfiep- 
SA^Hie Hxt roono;^cTBa: opraHHsyeTCfl ynpaBjeme, nposjiaAUBaDTCfl 
fcoBepmeHCTBOBaHHue nyTH.. Okohhhbi noKopenie jokboS qacTH 
GaxajiHHa, anoni^Ej o6paTHjiH0& si c^BepHoS. TejierpauMu reH.-jiefix. 
JlanyHOBa, BoeBHaro ry6epBaTopa CaxajiBBa, ora 10 (23) irojia aaioti 
OT^eTx flaqajit anoBCEHxi jiftcTBift npoTHB-B ctsepo-caxajraH- 
CKHxi pyccKHxi nocejueBifi: 

Cerofl;B4i, b% 8V2 qac, yxpa, aa boshomi ropHBOHxt TaxapoKaro 
npojiHBa BaMftieBo 6hjio y nocxa AjieKcaB^poBcaaro s^ckojibko cy- 
AOBi. Bi 10 qacoBi ofinapyaHJiocB, 9x0 bxo anoHCKie MHHOBOcmi. 
JIfiA B81 BBx-B npomjiH MEMO AJieKcaHffpoBCKaro nocxa sa ciBepi, 
ocxajiSEue mhhoboci;w crpynnHpoBajiBOL y nocxa Jl^ya, c^ijiajiH qe- 
THpe Bucxpijia^ bo CespeayjLxaxBo. Bi 11 qacoBt na ©r* nosa- 

SajIOGL BtOKOJILKO 60JIBniHXl cy^OBi. 

Bi 12 qac. ;i;BJi aba AnoHCKHXi MBHOEOCi^a, npoflAfl mhuo Ajie- 
KcaHJ^poBCKa^o nocxa, Bepcxaxi b^ 4 xi oxi 6epera, sa ctsepi, 
OGxaHOBHJiHCB npoxHB'E ycxLJi p^KH ApKOBi, Bi 12-XH Bepcxaxi c4- 
Bepsi^e nocxa AjreKcanj^poBCKaro, oScxptjiAJiH xajii fiepera h ymjiE 
Ha loro-sana^^i. B% xomi ace nanpaBJieHiH BCBopft ymjiH Epeficepi 
H 4 MHHOHOci^i, HaxoJ^HB^Iieoa npoxHBi nocxa Jl^ya (P. A). 

AzenmcKin mejiezpoMMu: 

roj^MAAHB, 13 muz (12 qac. 20 hhh. ;ii;na). Rast coo6n^aH)xi&, . 
11 injiH Bi nepBOMi qacy aha anoHCKie kohxpi-hehohogi^m noffo- 
mjiH Ki nocxy J(e-RacxpH h sanpaBEJiECB ki nepemefiEy, na koxo- 
poMi Haxo^HxcB Maasi. Bi 1 qac. 30 meh. aha eeohi^bi BucaAEJiH 
Ha nepemeSKi^ ;];eccaHxi okojio fiaxajiiosa h saHSJiH icaaKi, na koxo- 
poMi noAHfljiE anoHCKiS $jiari. (U. A.). 

roABBj^aHB, 10 Idjih (3 q. 41 m. ahh). 11 ixMui bi HHSojiaeBCKi 
cjramajiEGb co oxopoHU GaxajiHHa Bucxpi^jiii hsi 6oJiBniExi opy- 
«ifl (n. A.). 

AjieKcaHApoBCKift nocxi — rjaBHufl ropoj^'E Caxajrana^ a JI^e-RacxpH 
nocxi Ha 6epery sajiEBa xoro se EMeHE, Ha MaxepEsi, neMHoro ki 
Dry OTh HHKOJiaeBCKa, oxjiEqEaa raBanL. 

RpoHft GBiAiHifi 6e8Ai3cxBiH rjiaBHUxi cejii h bxhx'b ho- 
Buxi He6jiaronpiHXH£ix'E cBtAtnifi noxep^ CaxaJiEHa, ne najio 
BaHHMajDrn cjit^an^Exi sa boShok) bbb^cxIh noqnHKi^ snoHi^auH 
pycGKHXi cy^OBi. En^e vh npomjioS 6eciA^ m£i coo6n](aj[H o 
noj^ieMi H noqHHKt ^^Bapara'' h ^llajiJiaAH'', noxoHX npHnuio hb- 
Bi^cxie o noA'^eMi h npHBoj^i bi Gace6o 6poHeHocita ^UepecBi^xi'' . 
Sax^ifb HM^eM'b cjift^yiomia coo6nieHia: 

ToKio, 26 irona (11. A.). (»Daily Telegraph*). HcnpaBjieHie 6hb- 
niaro pyccKaro 6poHeHoc^a ^Opejit" BaKonqeHO, h cerofljEa ohi co- 
BepmHjCB npo6Hoe nJiaBanie. Gy^Hy npHCBoeno HaBBanie „HBaMH*. 

ToKio, 5 (18) ii)Jia. BoBBpaxHBmiftca hbi Hopxx-Apxypa o$h- 
i^epi coo6n^EJii»^ qxo noBpeacffeHia, npEqflHeHHua BaxonyBmEMi xaifi 
pyccKHM'L cy^aHi, MeHi^e BHaqnxejiLHii, qim ^yMSJiH paHBme. Pyc- 

H 7. Or;i*jrb H. . « 



82 PyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

ORie npHMtHOH B8puB«iaTMA Beii^ecTBa BHyTpn oy^OBX, aojiaraii, tto 
noBpexc;^eHifl 6jji,YTh oepLesHUA. OABaso, OKasajiocB) ^o cyn^eoTBes- 
HUfl ^acTH oyffOBi He nocipaAaJiH ghj[i>ho. HaH6ojite cepLesHUA no* 
BpesA^Hifl npHqHHeHu Kpeflcepy ^BasHi^, KOTopufl BTan^eHi Ha 
6yKGHpi Bi nopn. BpoHenocei^i ^IlepecBiT'L^ yse njiaBaexi g% 
noMon^BD cofioTBeHHux'b MarnHHi. 06a 8th oy^na 6yAyrb oinpa- 
BjieHu Bi oKopoMi BpeifeHH Bi HooHin jsflss OKOHHaTejELHaro Hcnpa- 
BJieHiH. Aase 6poHeHoceix'B „IIo6tAa'', chjilho noBpe»;teHHufi, cHOBa 
Ha^HeTi, KaKi nojiaraiorB, njiaBaxL bi nepBUxi HHCJiaxi aBrycxa. 
BpoHeHocei^'E ^PeTBasaHi^ Ha^neTi nJiaBaxL ence paHBme. (Pefi* 
Tepi). 

ToKio, 9 (22) ii)M. (P. A.). (^Central News"). B^epa yxpoMi 
na^ajiH BUKaHHsaTb Bo^y hbi 6poHeHOGi](a ^IIoJiTaBa^, h Bt 3 qaca 
Honojiy^HH GyAHO 6ujio hoahhto na noBepxHOGTB. 

ToKio, 12 (25) iiDJiii. IIoBpesAeniH 6poHeHOGi];a ^IIojiTaBa'' ne 
Tasi sHaqHTejibHu, saKi y ^pyrHXi ey^OBi. Bt ero 6opTax'B Beero 
JUM OTBepGTia, KOTopua b% cKopoMi BpeiieHH MoryT'L 6htl saAi- 
jiaHfii*. 

Cjiobomi 3% nopTi-Apxypi^ hhohi^IiI noAHxiJiH h uonEEswrh ne- 
x£ipe nepBOKiaGCHue OponenoGi^ay h ^Ba hmi G^aJii K.-aAM. He6o- 
raxoB^b, BGero 6; hsi IIopxi-Apxypa se ohh nojiy^HJiH 6poHeHOo- 
Bufl KpefiGepi H o^HHi 6poHenajiy6H£ifl, Apy^oB — hbi no^i Ho- 
MyjiLHo, i^a ^ea fieperoBuxi 6poHeHOGAa OAaHH He6oraTOB£iMi, 
Hxoro — OAHHHaj^ixaxL 6ojii»innx'B 6oeBiix'b ey^OBi pyGGxaro $Jioxa 

yGHJIHJIH G060K> ^JIOX^E flaOHlH, He G^HXaa 60Jlte MeJIKHXl, soxo- 

puxi HHOHiiu no^HHMyxi Bi Apxypi He Majo... 

TasoBU nenajiBHue Hxorn nojiyxoparoAOBOfi boShh^ no;poji;H]nie 
HGxopiefl HaKanyHi oxspuixiH HHpnofi KOH^epeniUH. 



n. 

OxHOCHxejiLHo MejpeHHoe pasBHxie BoeHHUxi onepai^iS bi no- 
GJit^Hee BpeMH xiifb 6ojiLHie cocpeAoxo^HBaexi BHHMame bg^xi 
6ojitiDn^HX'B 60J168HHHH poj^HHu Ha o6opoxHofi GXopoHt boShbi, xofi 
cxopoHi^^ Koxopan no^roxoBBjia axn HeojiuxaHHHA HecqaGxiA. B&b 

EmjTb npH^HHl, 3Ci BGMaxpHBanXGfl B'B BOeHHyiO A^BoXBHXeJIbHOGXl), 

B'h nopHAKH H HenopAAKH. 

Kh, Men^epcsiS xose GxapaexcH BHHSHyxB. Ohi nojiaraexi, qxo 
paBHO^ymie k% CBoeHy jii^jij Kopnyea o^Hi^epoBi apniH h ^jioxa 
iiMiexi BHAaiOH^eeGA SHa^enie. IJ^HxnpyH) ero mkgjih no ^Bnpse- 
BHHi BtffOMOCXJiM'b** (oxi 16 iiojia 1905 r. Ms 8875). 

,,B'E caMOMi ffijii) — HHinexi kh. Men^epGKifi, — ^^oxoahxi jih bi> 
8XH nojixopa roj^a boShh ;^o Koroj[H6o hbi naci oxEJiHRt o xomi, 
ixo6h rAt-HH6yji;B Bi o$Hii[epGKofi ope^t HiHl-JIHdo hhumi, KpoHt 
cjiOBa 4,ysaGHo'', nocji^ ^xeniH rasexu, oxpasHjiHGB npexepirtBaeM£ifl: 



nOJIHTHKA. 83 

Bamei) ffiflcTByDn^eK) apuieiD HefAaqn; EasH]fi-j{H6o noHXH^ecKHMi 
MOMeHTOMi p^aKi^iH, noffi BJiiflHieMi KOToparo o^Hi^epu xoft hjih 
^yrofi ^acTH, noABEHyiBie juo6obi»k) ki oxe^eoTBy^ pimiJiH npH- 
HflTbCA 3a sasa^y oBoero oavoBoaposxeHiji c% njbjihw), ?to6£i bo 
Bcbxi nojiKaxi, bo Boftxi dRHnasaxi, sasHiiijia pa6oTa pasptiBa cnk 
MepTBO^HHOK) npomjiaro h BoscoBAaHis noBoft, shboS apMiH Tpy- 
^^om, y^eHieMi, ofiieAHHeHien oi cojiffaTOm^ Aa6H Ha rjiasaxi 
3Gero HapOAa ycHJiiflMH o^HqepoBi BoeHHan cjiysGa SBua npoBpa- 
s^ena flsi Tflsejiofl 6apmHHU bi jinfiHMoe shboo ^oI 

^Hn^ero no^ofiHaro RET^i ne npoiiBHJiocB h noHunft. Bofl^Hie 
B% rjiaBHHfi mxadi, — laHi i^apnii toti xe myxi CMepiH h ope- 

Bp^Hifl KO BCflROfi BOeHHOfl HySii;^^. BoftAHTe Bl MOpCKOe B^il^OM- 

<3TBo, — TaHi i^apHTi TOTi SO jijx'h OMopiH, TO se npespftHie Bl 
sasAofi sHBofi HysA^ 4^JiOTa, to^ho h jpa rxaBHaro ]nTa6ay h ajui 
MopcKoro B^AOMCTBa Bt 9Tfl nojETopa roji;a HH^ero He ojiyqHJiocb, 
jcpoiii KpacHocejikCKaro HaHenpa; npHrjuiAHTecb si namHifb re- 
poHM'b reHepajiLHaro miafia, — axo Ti se HenorptmHMBie, caHoyBt- 
peHHue H BcenpesBpaioB^ie MOHyifeHTU, ROTopuxi hhtto sa 8th hoji- 
Topa ro^a ne aajitjio sa shboo, kotopbimi HH^ero ice RpHRsyjio: 
oflOMHHTec&y h AJiir ROTopuxi Bce nepesHToe apiiieK) 6fiiJio npe^- 
MeioH'B cysAeHiff cBucoRa, ho ne aepsajioMiy b'b soTopoifb 6h ohh 
MorxH ct ysacoMi h ct noEaHHieui yBEji^tib bch) AyxoBHyx) hh- 
niexy hxi yifCTBeHBaro nipa. npHCJiymaSTecb b% BaroHax:^, na ry- 

JEHHbt, Wh rOCTHHBUXl Vh BamBMl O^HI^epaMli, OHH BCi CBUCOSa 

xyjDiHn H o6BHHjiKxr% roHepajioBiy ho, ^to6bi Hamejicfl oahhi^ ko* 
TopuS B'B Boflfi!6 Hamejii ao6y;(HTejiBHyK) npH^HHy ne js,jlsl spn- 
thkh reHepaxoBi, a ajih TorOj 9To6li ycep^Hte h Ao6pooOBicTH'be 

SaHflTbCfl OBOHMl O^HqepCRHM'L A^J^OMl — 06l» dTOMl HHSTO HO CJIU- 

majn. 

^BoTB ^TO oaMoe ysaoHoe^ canoe cTpamnoe, Kasi RapTHHa na- 
CTOfln^aro, h6o oho ysacaDn^HMi HpaROHi nospsiBaerE 6yAyQiee. 
^HaHHTb, Bce, ^TO mjifiTh em% BDepeAH, eiii;e xyse, h6o dXH o$h- 
iiepw, 9TH renepajra 6yJ^yI^a^o, yae fiy^yrB t4, bi Boiopuxi axa 
Boflsa He iponyjia hh oj^hofo nepna, ne sa^'bJia he o^Horo hjb- 

CTBal* 

nOCTaBHBl ^(OBOJILHO npaBHJIBHO AiA^OBTB (6UTB MOSerE, CJIEHI- 

Koicb aocntmno pacapocTpaHflXB na ecw apiciK) to, ^to SHflSb bh- 
jijBTh Bi mxa6ax'E h bi CBoem Kpyry), aBxop'E nyxaexcji b% bu- 
BOAax'E. Ohi AyMaexi, ^xo bi noRaHHin rpirnHHROBi na^o osh- 
^axb HB6aBJiefliH. 06panteBie bc1^x% rpi^niHHROBi na nyxB npaseA- 
Hufi 6ujio 611 ^TAOMi, KoxopoMi Hatfi He pasc&aBUBaexi h Csfl- 
meHHoe nHcaHie. 

nOKaJIHlH OTJ^tjIbHUX'E JIHHHOCXefl H B08M01KHBI, H eCXeOXBeHHEI, 

HO CoAOMi H FoMoppy Hafl;o Ohjio paapyraHTB. Hanii CoJ^OM•B ne bi 
ji»A»xi, a Bi yojiOBiaxi., h Hama FoMoppa He Bt cxpeaiJieHiH kt> 
rptoy, a b% HeBOSMosHocxH He rpiniHXB B'B ^anHoft odcxanoBEi^. 

6* 



84 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

Bume i^HTHpoBaHHKTJi HeroATDnpA CTpoKH npoTHBi rjiaBHaro 
inTa6a h MopcKoro BiAOiiCTBa npeKpaoHti, h OHue oJiHimifli^u BnoJiHt 
saojiysHJiH HeroAOBaHie, ho HanpaoHO 6£ijio 6bi asffaTL Buxo^a on 
BTh noKajiHiff. He noKanTOii ohh, a 6yAyTi rpimHTB naKH h naKH. 
He OHH, TaKX j^pyrie. CaMi khssb BOJit^i BaTtifb roBopHrL (oh- 
THpyn no ^Hamefl JKhshh'' on 1 injiff, M 138) o hobbix'l njianaxs 
oyAOOTpoeHifl, BBipa6aTUBaeM£ix'b MopcRHMX BtffOMCTBOM'b, cjitAyDB^ee: 

„HaAO 6E1TB rjiy6 ko pacTxiHHUMX Btj^OMCTBy, eojiH nocxt Bcero^ 
qTo nepesHJia Poc: h nocjit 14 Max, oho ho namjio bi oe6i ^asa 
aTOMa coBHaHifl^ ^io6£i xoth nicKOJiBKO MHHyn npHsaAyMaTBCfl Haft's 
ysacHBiMi Bonpo.OMi, nacKOJiBKO oho — rjiaBHufl bhhobhhk'b obohwb 
paoTJitHieM'B vihTh 6ijifiTBit, nooTHrmHX'B pyocsifi ^jiotx cb nep- 
Baro AHH BOfliiBi H ci jiersHifB cepAi^eifB npHMO npncTynHjio kb 
Bonpocy: ckojibko otpohtb bhobb hi 8tomi i^apcTBt BopoBciBa h 
o6]iaHa cyAOBi...'' 

Hto a^^ajiocb Bi dToifB „i^apoTBi^, oSnapysHjia HlyoHMa h bc2 
BoflHa. Hto a^JIaotch TenepB, BCKpuBaeTCff nopoK) vh naroTt, ho^th 
HOBipoHTHOfl. TaRi^ HanpHMtp'B (i^HTHpyH) no .^EHpseBBUCB B^AO- 
MOCTHifB^ orB 1 injiff, J^ 8903, Beq.)» ^^ „KieBCRO& FaseTi^ hu 
BCTpt^aem HteoTopuH pasiHCHeniH no noBo^y noKynRH aprenTHH- 
OKHXl H qnjiiftcKHXB cyj^OBi. 

^HoTopifl neperoBopoBB o Kynjit-npoffast dRSOTHqeoKHX'B cyj^OBB^ 
^HJiiScKHX'B H apreHTRHCRHX'B, nyTaHaH, cjiosHan. Bb HeTepfiyprB 
pasHOBpeMeHHO naiissajio hI^crojibro HejiOB^Ri nocpe^HHROBB no 
npo^asi^. Cnei^ajiBHO cocTaBHJicff 6uj[o OHHj^HRarB ebb anrjio-aHe- 

pBRaHCRHXX MBJUliapAepOBB, ROTOpufi npoeRTHpOBajIB RynHTB BTV 

oy^a y DSHO-aMepHRanoREXB pecnydjiHRi cb tod i^^jibk), ito6u 
oefl^aoi se nepenpoAaxB hxx PocciH^ rohb^ho, cb xopomHMB jifls 
oe6H 6apunieMi. O^ho BpeiiH Bce mjio xopomo. BecB BRsoTH^ecRifl 
iffJiOTh Hc^HOJifljiCE He MOHte 75.000 tohhb BOAOHSMin^eHiH. Ghhah- 
RarB sejiajTB nojiyqHTB no 1000 p. sa Tonny, t. e. 75 mbjejeIohobb. 
py6jieft. AnneTHTU anyjii MopoRoro Bt^oMCTBa paBurpajiHCB e Bupa* 

BHJIEOB B'B ROJIOCCaJIBHOfi I^H^p^ BB HiOROJEBRO ^^OOflTROB'B MEJIJliO- 

HOBB py6jiefl. Ho tjtl aRyjiBi Tpe6oBajiH on cEHAHRaTa, ^sto6u ohs 
o6eBaeHHj[B hmb hxb »8apa6oTORB'', t. e. hojioshjib 6u ao oroh- 
UHifl CAi^jiRH RpyrJieHBRyK) oyMMy na hma jiecii^ ROToptiE eojibbo- 
BaJiHCB j^OBtpieM'B aRyjiB, h yRasuBajis js^mq oaehb ebb sarpaHEq- 
HMXB 6aHR0BB, Ry^^a j^ojiseHB 6KrjiB 6iiTB nojiosesB btotb ,,RyniB'. 
TyTi yse a^Jko RacajiocB RapMasa ^jiesoBB oEHj^ERaia^ e nepe- 
roBopBi OTaJiE npEHEMaTB He6jiaronpiETHfiifl o6opoTB. GEHAERarB 
60EJICE, qTO RynjEE E npo;i;asa oy^OBB Moseix He ooctoetbce, h 
Torj^a OHB pECRyeTB noTepHTB cboe Go6cTBeHsne MEiJiioHU, bjo- 
seHHBie na "lysoe hme; ^jifisLTeja' se MopcRoro Bi^AOMOTsa; bb^ 
OBOD oqepe^B, se ji^ob^pejie cEHAHRaTy, onacancB, hto ecjiR fto- 

nyCTHTB COCTOETBCE Cj^tJIR^ 6e8B ff^HeSHBIXB rapaHlifl 00 CTOpOHH 
CEHAERaTa, TO CEHAHRaT'B, HOJiyqEBB E CBOE 75 MHJIJiiOHOBB, H T^,. 



nOJIHTHKA. 85 

^TO CBepXl JLETh H TOO J^OJIBHO HATH Bl pad^Jix Mevffj aRyjiaMH, 

MOsex'E 8THXI ji^enen h He sanjiaTHTb hmi. TaKHMX o6pa80M'b, 
BsaHMHoe Hej^oBi^pie oTopoH% nory6HJio BuroffHoe A^JUbi^e^. 

Ha^o saifiTHTL, qio Jiy^miji oy^a apreHTHHosaro 4^jioTa 6£ijih 
npoj^aHu nepeji^ boAhoh) AqohIh h hbih% njiaBaioTi noAi hhoh- 
OKHMi ^jiaroMi — 6poHeHO0H£ie Kpeflcepu ^Hbcohh'e* h ^Raocyra'*. 
J^pyriH ABa chjibhbix'e oy^na apreHTHHCsaro ^JiOTa, 6poHeHOoipi, 
orpoHBmiecH b% AnrjiiH, yoTynjieHu apreHTHHqaMH AnrjiiH ceflqaci 
nocjii npHMHpeHiH oi ^hjih. 7 aproHTHHi^eB'L ocTajiHCB tojilbo 
CTapuH oy^a, ji,jia coBpeiieHHBixx yojiOBifl boShu HOAOCTaTO^HO 
CHJiBHUHy HeAOOTaio^HO 6iioTpuH, HOAOOTaTO^HO san^HH^eHHHEH. To se 
^aifoe ojiiAyeri OKasaTB h o hhjiUIckomi ^jiort. Jly^miH cyAa 
aToro $jioTa bi 1903 roAy flnonifl Kynnjia y Hhjih, HMeHHo: oahhi 
^poHOHOcem H ABa speficepa, ho HaoxojiBRO Majio hmh AoposHJia, 
too Ha^ajia Boflny, He aosaabhihcl bx% CHapasemH h iipH6BiTiH. 
TftMi He Mente, 8to nnoHCKifl cyAa h ohh tojibko isjijTb MHpa, 
qTo6£i OTnpaBHTBCH Ki HHOHOKHMi 6eperaMi^ noAo6HO Hamniix: 
^ItecapeBH^y'', ^AcKOJiBAy* h aP- TaKHMX o6pa80Mi, Bce^ too 6£U0 
i^ftHHaro, HHOHi^i nepeAi boAhok) KynHJiH h y ApreHTHHu, h y ^hjeh. 
OcTaBajEOCB y bthtb pecny6j[HKX jihiub to, too 8a6paK0BaH0 JinoHi^aiiH. 
n BOTi, o6i 8T0MI 6paKi Ham paBCKasEiBamrB Bume nHTHpoBaHHyn 
HCTopiK), KOTopan, OAHaso, ao chx'b nopi He onpoBepraeTOii h ho 
paaiflCHHeTGH hh cb KaKofl cTopoHH. 3a HHSOMy He nysHuS xjiam 
^seicBAecflTB hhtb hjeh aaso cto MHJijiioHOBi (100.000.000) py6jiefl — 
8T0... He HM^erB HiieHH! OAHaKO, copBajiooB. He BcerAa cpuBaeTCH. 
Bi duowh OTHomeniH ohohb jipKyiD sapTHHy pnoyexiB ^Cjiobo^ 
HOKynKi na MujiAtom py6jiefl, nosepTBOsaHHuxi rpa^OMi 
CTporanoBHifB, BcnoMoraTejiBHaro Kpeflcepa, CHapnseHHaro, KaKi 
jiy^maro h bhojih^ cospeiieHHaro paseiiA^HKa. IQ^eApBifi sepxBOBa- 
TejDb He MopHKi H Hy»AMCH BB GOB^Tax'B H yRasaHiHxi. HtMei^sifi 
Kopa6jiB ^JlaHB'" H 6uji'B KynjieHB na nosepTBOBaHHUH A^HBrn h 
6uji% H^eApo 0Ha5seHi BctMi Heo6xoAHi[UM'B. HoBufi Kpeflcepi 
HasBaJEH „PycBi)'' h bejid^hjih bb oocTaBi acKaApu He6oraTOBay 
flo 8a pasHEiMH nop^aMH cyino BOSBpaTHjiocB yse otb 6eperoB% 
Ji;aHiH. ^Cjiobo'' npHBOAHTB cjiiAyH)ni;i& panoprB BHi^e-aAHHpaJia 
EnpHjieBa o ooctohhIh „PyoH*: 

„H yse HMftjTB ?ecTB AOKJiaABinaTB jih^ho, too ^PycB'' npoA- 
CTaBJiHOTB H8'B ce6ji xJiaMB, 8aKJ[K)?aK)ii^iBoH BB jiovA sejitBa H 
Aepesa, h too ynasaion^afl ce6fl Ha^iH ne MOseTi nocJiaTB xasoro 
cyAHa BB Mope hoab boohhumb ^JiaroMX. 

y,Moe MH^Hie ne 6b[jio npHHHTO bo BHHiiaHie, ho caMH o6ctoh- 
TeJTBGTBa^ cana cyAB6a H86aBHJia Poociio en^e otb oahofo CKaHAajia, 
H „PycB" BepnyjiacB, aoAas cb TpyAOMB tojbko ao CKareHa. Hsb 
npeACTaBJUieMaro asTa bhaho, too 8to oyAHO, 6e8B nepecTpoftsH 
sopnyca h MexaHHSMOBB, njiaBaTB ne MoseTB. niapi, aj^a soToparo 
iipHcnooo6j[eHa ^PycB'*, Tasse ne moscti 6£itb ynoTpe6jieHB 



86 P700R01 BOrATOTBO. 

01 BoeHHBiMH ninnun H oocTaBJMen rpjvh, nojiLSOBaTBCJi koto- 
puMi MOSHO TOjiBKO npH 00060 djiaronpiflTHBixi ycjiOBiflxi, ksko- 
Buxi Bi Mopi aoTTH HHROFAa HO 6£iBae'rb. BooHHaro 8HaqeHiff» 
sasi speficepi, „PycB' He ^uierh, sa HCKJiDqeHieMX OTpHi^aTeii>> 

HUXl CTOpOHl. 

„B% BHA7 noJij^oHHaro pacoopAseHiJi roTOBHTL „PycB'' ki njia- 
BaHiK) ci 2-Mi amejiOHoiffE 3-B aoBaApu, no^THrejibHtfline npomy 
pacnopflseHiff, totobhtb jih 8to cyxHo h no osHaxoMJieHiH HaqaJB- 
OTBa 01 npeACTaBjifleMBiMi aKiOMi'^. 

IIo^^nHcajii BHi^e-aj](]iHpajii EnpHJieBi. 
22ro $6BpaJifl 1905 r. 

IIo cnpaBKam ^CjiOBa^, KynjieHHufi Kopa6j[B yase mhofo jiivB 
nponjiaBajEi, npHmejn bi nerojipsocTB h cjiysHjri b'b EpeMOHi j^a 
SeperoBfiixi HaAo6HOCTe9, ho j^epsaji bbixoahtb wh Mope. 

Hto A'^JiaJiocB, o6HapysBJia IllyoBMa. Hto A^M^cfl, nopoK) 
BUBUBaerB npAMO HSCTyaiieHHoe neroAOBaHie (et^^B bto Bce npio6pi- 
TaoTCfl AJiH boBhli, jifis TEicflqH sflSHeft!). HhoS pasi HHTepecHo 
BHaTB H TOMi, ?T0 fiyj^oTi j^tjiaTBCfl» HaopHactpi: 

^JIoHAOHi, 27 iDHfl (10 iiDJia) (, Central News"). IIo cjiyxaM-B 
H8'B c^epi, 6jin8Knxi ki joHAOHCROify Chth, pycoKoe npaBHiejiB- 
CTBo Ba^paxTOBajio wh raM6ypi4 15 6oj[BmHXi napoxojcoBi ^jui 
o6paTHofl nepeBOdKH pyccKHX'B nji^HHHX'B im HnoHin. EoHTpasTi 
A^CTBHTejieH'B B% Te^enie 12 Mi^cfli^eBi^. 

Yse 8a$paxT0BaH£i... H Bi Te^enie ABiHa^i^aTH Mtoai^eBi 
6yAyT^ s^ATB H nojiy^aTB MdAy! A boti, oi Apyrofl cTopoHu,^ 
TejierpaHMa o^^Hi^iajiBHaro Gn6. aresTOTBa Hai Bjia;^BOCTOKa, oti 
14 iiDJia: 

^Cjiyxi nepe;i;a?i HuocTpaHHOfl napoxoAHofl KOicnaHiH nepe- 
B08RH HamHxi nji^HHEixi B086ysAaeT'B spafiHee yAHSjieme. 3a- 
AaiOTCfl BonpocoifE, noqeMy ho hovjtl 6bitb HoaojiBBOBaHBi m^cthbia 
opej^CTBa, qtMX o5eperaH)TCH rpoMaffHUJi oyiiMH, ycKopHTCs nepe- 
BosKa^ HcnojEBsyioTCA rocnHTajiH h noj^BHSHofl cocxaBi sejit8Hoft 
j^oporH, a nyxoBBie pacxoj^Bi njiiHHBixi ociaHyTCfl bi CBoefi oipaHt. 
IIjii^HHue Moryn 6utb bo BjiaAHBOciOKi pacnpeA^jieHBi smejiOHaMH 
no ry6epHiffM'B, bm^cto nepeBosKH oti Ojxficou qepea'B boio PoocIk)^ 
nanpHMipi^ b% Ch6hpb. BoeHHLui o6cTOflTej[BCTBa ne noBBOjurDTi 
nepe^HGJiHTB HHiK)m;iACfl ope^cTBa nepoBosRH, o^HaRo i^eHTpajiBHua 
y^pejKAeHiH hx'b 8HaH)rB^ (II. A.) 

. Eone^HO; sHanxi, ho b^^b sto sna^HTE nepe^axB nepeB08Ry 
CO BctMH onepaMH 6% pyRH ffpyroro Bi^OAfCTBal 

KaRi Bce, o^ffaso^ oTaJio otrpobohho, — xojifirh oe5i rojiue,^ 
^ase ^HroBue jihctbh 6pomenu,.. 

0;^HaRo, AOBOJiBHo MopaRaxi. Buoa^^HMOJi na 6eperB. Bi OTaTBi 
M^TO AtnaeTCH Ha Teaxpi bo&hu' — ^Hobooth^ ooo6n(ai9n Bne* 
TOTJii^Hui npitxaBmaro cb TeaTpa bo&hu o^Hi^epa: 

^Oh ysRacoMi, — roBopnji'B o^Hi^epi, — npHxo^HTCH BcnoMHHaTB 



nOJIHTHSA. 87 

Bce BHffiHHoe. Eojih r^t dHaKOMHnibGJi oi fl8BaMH HameS po^Hu, 

TaKl dTO Ha BOflHft. 

^HeBtoecTBO apniH, xHn^eHifl, 6e8nopffj^KH h oroyioTBie Bipu 
Bi HaqaToe a^^jio — boti sapTHHa nojioflseHiJi Ben^efl. 

„no9eMy MU npoHrpHBajEH cpaseniH? IIo^eMy mu 6tsaj[H? Ecjih 
pjROBOAHTeJiH apMiH OToarL bi TUJiy, na paacroflHiH, rapaHTH- 
pyDB^em shsh^, s'e ^eiiy cojixaTu oraHyrL npoEBJUiTL B86fiiTO?Hoe 
cajfooTBepseme?. . 

^TojiBBO vh BoeHHOMi Jiarepi bbj^hbil Bce orpaHH^eHHoe pas- 
BHTie Hamero o^Hixepa. O^Hi^epi He tojebko ho GB^fijmh bi 
o6m,wrh Bonpooaxi, ho y nero nojiHaH tabula rasa jxfiote bi Boefl- 
HOMi HCKyccTBt. EHHFa HO BoeHHUMi BonpocaMi eiiy ooBepmeHHO 
?ysAa. Ohi paoTepnjii h to, ?to SHajn bi DHKepcKoS mKOJit; ;^a 
H ^^o OHi BHaji'b? Boxi aani npHM^px: hojibobhhri^ cb KOTopuHi 
H ojiyqaflHO toaji bi EBponeflcKyio Poocix), — npaBAa, ohi ho^th 

BOD SH8HB npOBeJIl Ha OKpaHHi PoCCiH, — npOCflJI'L MOHH pa8X- 

flCHHTB eiiy — ^To Taxoe bomctbo. 

„Hjih bote Apyrofi npHMtpi: npHBesjiH k% Ham narepuxi, tojibko 
qio BBflTux'b Bx njiin'h, hhohckhxi o$Hi;epoBi, h na^o 6iiJio no- 

AyiiaTB TOMl, r^i HX'B nOMiCXHTL. OaHHI H8l O^HI^epOB'E BHOJIHtl 

cnpaBeffJiHBO yKasajii na raynTBaxxy, Kasi Ha othoghtojilho cbo- 
6oAHoe H yj^o6Hoe B^aHie. Ho 8aB'bAylo^^fi rayaxBaxxoft nocni^niHJiiE 
ysadaxB na HenpasxH^HOCXB axofi huojih. IIo ero cjiOBam, na 
raynxBaxxt naxoAHxcH o^ni^epii, Koxopuxi cxliaho h noKasaxB 
BOonHTaHHUMi HooHiiaMi. Oahhx 6ujL'h nocaseH'B sa rHycnyi) 
npoAi^jiBy CB npoGTHxyxBOfi; ApyroS 8a xo, tto saajiaxHjn H8B08- 
THKy, Koxoparo A^pflsaji qyxB ne hojiaha, 20 koh. h rbMi BusBajn 
ero Ha Apasy; xpexiS oxKycHJn hocb y cBoero xoBapHO^a. IIoHeBOJii 

UpHHUOCB OXBaBaXBOH OXl MUCJIH COeAHHHXB HHOHI^eBli CB pyCGKHMH. 

^XnnieHiH h BaBHospaAcxBO xaKi hphbhjihcb ba^gb, tto Hajitfimee 
caMOorpaHH^eHie bi axoifB oxHonieHiH yse o^Hxaexca Ao5poA%xej[BK). 

^Boxi qxo» nanpHMi^p'B, paBCKasBiBajLi oaici npo ce6fl o^Hi^epXy 
saBtAUBaBmifi xpaHcnopxaiiH: 

— Bnsy, npH6iiJii xoBapnuS ho^bai. CnpamHBaD: ?xo npH- 
BOBJiH? FoBopHxi — ^H^MOHB. UAy H ysHaE), 9X0 ujbTLdL 60 son. 8a 
syAlB, a no pocnHcaniK) mosho njiaxHXB 1 p. 80 k. Kone^HO, He 
K0Jie6jiHCB, HOBynaK) h oxnpaBJiflE) no Micxy Hasna^eHiH. 

— Hy, a KaKyK) i^tny noKaBajiH bh HaqaJiBcxsy? — HHxepecyexcH 
o^Hi^epx- ojiyniaxejiB. 

— H nOAapHJii BaBHt 7,000 py6j[efl, — ci ropAocxBio BaHBHJi'B 
c^acTjEHBuft nooxasniHB'B. — H noKaBajiB 1 p. 20 k. 8a nyAB, xorAa 
EaBi MOPB noBasaxB na 60 k. AOpose. 

— Cbojibko, — npoAOJisajii Mofl co6ec*AHHKi, — xepnaxi jiHnieHifl 
oojiAATu oxi BGHKaro poAa xHn^HH^ecxBal S. ybssajii b'b Mai h enie 
BHAi^jL'B couaxi B'B BajieHKaxi! Ilopofl B£i BHAHxe oxpoeBoro cojA&Ta 
KB KHxaflcBOMi xajiaxi, BajieHsaxi h KaBOMi-xo KapxyBii! 



88 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

^TenepB yasi aio He oespeTi: Hin eAHHCTBa, KopnopaTHBHOCiH, 
BAOXHOBeHifl. BoeHHBifl ^acTH oooTSBjieHH H81 CBMUXi necTpBixi H 
^ysffuxi Apyri Apyry ajieMeHTOBi. Tojibko CyBopHH'E Mosen 
nHcaTB npeeooxoAHOMi Ayxi apiciH. 

„EaEO&-se BOSMOseHi Ayxi npH OToyTOTBiH Bipu bi yonftxi, 
npH GosHaniH, ^ito KaiinaHifl npoHrpaHa?!^ 

Bi saRJiioqeHie bthxi ne^anHuxi h otuahux'e crpaHHi^x o 
BoeHHBix'E oGcTOflTejiBCTBax'L Ha Mopi H Ha cymi, bi Asin h bi 
Eeponi, npHBeffeMi HtKOTopue HHTepecHue htofh, KOTopue ^Cjiobo"* 
8aHMCTByer& hbi „The Japan weecly Mail^, HiceHHO BiAOMOCTL 

BBHTBIX'b HQOHI^aMH OpJ Jl^t, Opysifl, OHapHAOBl H HaTpOHOBi: 

s 

a . a 

Mtcra cpaaceHifl. '3 S S S ^ 

TiopeHqeHT, 29 88.717 1.021 353.006 

<l>biH'b-xyaHi>-ii9Hi>. ... — 857 — 181.000 

Ll3HHb-q}Koy 78 — — — 

Ba-<I>aHT,-roy 16 1.121 958 87.233 

Cio-flHb — — 600 — 

To-My-MHH'b 6 570 63 98 

5lHb-U3fl-JlHHl> 2 — 300 — 

JIjio-jiht, 8 10.056 3.478 1.678.730 

llJaxa 45 6.920 5.474 .78.000 

nopTb-ApiypT, 646 82.670 36.252 2.266.800 

Xa-Koy-iafl — — 2.000 — 

MyKACHT, 66 227.700 62.200 26.640.000 

796 368.091 111.446 31.202.748 

GiDAa ne BKJiio^eHii xpo^en MopcRie, opy^in h cnapHA^, bbh- 
Tue Ha 8axBa?eHH£ixi h noTonjieHHBix'L cy^axi. 

CneipajELHo ajih Apiypa HHTepecHu ojiiAynw^ AonojiBHieuHBiH 
CBiA^Hifl. Cnepxi BLime npHBeAeHHincb a&hhlixi o6i apTHjn[j[epiH, 
c^aHo: 

jivmuhiPi coctabtj. 

06meee KOJiHqecTBo rapHHSona , 41641 hcji. 

Ha-b HHXi): paHeHbixi>, 6o.nbHfaix'b 15.307 , 

AaeuiMx-b cjiOBO He BoesaTb 1.298 , 

FeHepajioB'b h aAMMpajiOBi) 17 , 

Msi) HHx-b: AasiuHxii cjiobo 10. 

IIlTa6i> H o6ep'b-o(l}HiiepOB'b 1.439 „ 

Ma-b EHxi) 6o;ibHfaix'b 133 , 

AaBuiHX-b CJIOBO He BoeBaTb .... 526 „ 

nPOBIAHTb H ^yPAHCb. 

MyKH 177.000 KBam. (okoao 10 4>.). 

HiMeHb 16.000 , 

MaHCOBOft MyKH. . . . 2.800 , 

Pncy • . . 270 

BhckbhtobI} 130.000 . 

FOBHAHHbl 7.000 „ 

Cojih 7.000 „ 

Caxapy 7.000 . 



nOJEHTHSA. 89 

Cyxapefl (6hobbhtob'l) TasHMi o6pa80M'& o^aHO cBuine TpH;^i^aTH 
Tuc. nyi^. H MyBH orojio oopoKa ustb tuoau nyj^osi, t. e. Micjii^a 
Ha ^exiipe ffjifl rapHHsoHa bi 41^/2 tuo. qejiOBisi. Cojih h caxapy 
Tose ffOBOJiLHo, a ocxajBHoe — tojilko noAonopLe. ^pani^yBCKifl aamu 
HeMHoro noonimHJiH, OTRpuBi noAQHCRy Ha noR&rujv) catfjuo jx^jisl 
resepajii-aj^iDTaHTa CTeccejui. Oh^ h oBOH^ysHJiHCL, diH fit^HUJi 
HOAOHcqHi^u: ca6juD He hoahocati, ho bi Basofi Mysefl oHt o^a- 
AyrE ee jf^a xpaHeHiji h HaBHAaniH? 

TaKi Aoropaen njiaMH diofl sjiooqaoTHofl boAhu, h rffi-TO Mep- 
UBxyrb ojiadue 6jiecEH sapn MHpa. 06paTHMCH kx bthmx Mep- 
i^aniHicB. 

III. 

OtHOCHTOJILHO HHpHElX'B HeperoBopoB'B^ spoMi npHBe^eHHUxi 
HaMH vh npomjiofi xpoHHKi sajiBJieHifl npaBHTejiBCTB'B anepHKaH- 
cKaro, pyccEaro h nnoHOKaro, hobbih o^^uv,iajibuuH cb^a^hIh 
spaflne CKyAHu. Ohh orpaHH^HBaioTCH HaBHa^eHiem ynojiHOMO^eH- 
HBixi H AByMfl saflBJsieHiHMH aiiepHKaHCKaro npaBHTencTBa. 

Co cTopoH&i fiaoHiH ynojiHOMO^eHH&iMH HasHa^eHu mhhhctpi 
HHOcTpaHHuxi n,%s% 6apoHi KoMypa h noojiaHHHSx vh BamHHr- 
TOHt— TaKaxHpa. Co OTopoHLi PocciH'-npeAciAaTejiB KOMHxeTa mh- 
HHCTpoBi, cTaTCb-cespeTapL Bhtto h nocjiaHHHBi Vh BainHHrroHi 
(6£iBinifi nocJiaHHHKi bi TokIo) OapoHi Poaeei. AMepHKaHCsiA se 
saflBJieHiH nepeAaHBi cjitAyioii^HMH AByMA xejierpaHMaMH: 

^BarnHHiTOH^, 19 iK)HA (2 iiQjiff). IIpedHAeHirb PysBejibrb paa- 
piimHJi'b 0iiy6jiHK0BaT& HHsecji'l^Ayioii^ee saaBJieHie: „Pf ccKoe h ahoh- 
c&oe npaBHxejibOTBa hsb^cthjih npesHAeHTa CoeAHHeHHuxi niTa- 
TOBi, qio HasHa^eHHue hmh ynojiHOHoqeHHue BCTpiiATCH bi bob- 
MosHO cKopoMi BpeMeHH Hocjii HopBaro aBryoTa. YnojiHOMO^eHHue 
o6iHxi GTopoHi 6yAyTi pacnojiaraTB hojihumi npaBon bbcth ne- 
peroBopu MHpt H saKJuoHHTb KHpHLifi TpaKTaTi^ KOTopuS 6yAer& 
HOAJD^esaTB paxn^HKai^iH o6ohx'e npaBBxejiBOXBi^ (^Assoc. Press''). 

«HBD-IopKi, 5 (18 iiojia). (^Central News"). Be* noApofiHocxH 
OTHocHxejiiiHO notsAKH ynojHOMO^eHHBixi no BeAemio nHpHuxi ne- 
peroBopoBi B'B OAcxep6e9, si npesHAeHxy PysBejiBxy, oKOH^axejiBHO 
ycxaHOBjeHU, ocxaexoH jiheib HasHa^HXB a^hl. YnojiHOHoqeHHue 
6yAyxi AOcxaBJieHH hbi HBD-IopEa bi OScxepdeS Ha Asyxi Kpeft- 
eepaxi. Ilocjii neo^^Hi^iajiBHaro npieiia ohh oxapaBHXOH vh IIopx- 
CMyxi Ha npaBHxejbcxBeHHUX'L Hxxaxi ^May Flower'' h ^Dolphin", 
HpH^em Hxi 6yAexi conpoBOSAaxB, no Kpaflnefl i^bpi, oahhi spefi- 
cepi (.Times"). (P. A**). 

9x0 ycxanaBJiHBaexi bh^hihioe) o6oxaHOBKy mhphhxi neperoBO- 
poBi. 061 Hxi cyn^ecxB* mosho hm^xb jihhib aobojibho neonpeA*- 
jieHHoe HOHAxie no MHoro^incjieHHHM'B, o^ohl HHxepecHUM'B, ho ne- 
p^AKO npoxHBypi^HBBiH'B ob^a^hIhhi arenxcxBi h KoppeonoHAeH- 






90 PyCOSOB BOFATOTBO. 

TOBi spynHuxi opranoBi eBpoaeBoRofl h aiiepHKaHCKOfl npeceir* 
Ha^Hem oi HBBtcTifl o tomx, ?ero mosho osHAaiB on AnoHiH. 

^HTaieJiH SHamrb, tto a. He ouoHeHi fiim osaaatl oteHho- 
hIh qpesMipHuxi H HeeonojiHHMUxx Tpe6oBaHifl no ab7mi npH^i- 

HaMi: TO, qTO flnOHI^aM'L Xi^fiCTBHTeJIBHO HJSHO (KopoA, KBaHTyHCKaa 

o6jiacTB H K)sHafl MaHBqsypifl), coBepmeHHo ho hjsho PogcIh^ 
H npej^ocTaBjieHie snoHi^aMX 8THrB hxi npio6piTeHifi HHMajio He 

JIBHTGff HH ^peSXiipHElll'B, Ht[ HOHCaOJIHBMEIIil yOJIOBiOMl MHpHarO 

AoroBop^; APjrjK) npH^HHy yMtpeHHocTH snoHi^eB'E k BHAtJH bi 

TAFOTaXl BOflHU, H ^^JIA HHXl ysaCHBIXl, H Bl pHCKft nOBOpOTR 

BoeHHaro c^acTLE. IIocjitAHflfl npH^HHa ho^th Bc^esjia (noojit aa- 
AOHifl ApTypa, MyKffeHCKaro pasrpoM a h i^ycHMCKaro no6oHii^a pHCKi 
noBopoTa BoeHHaro cqaoTBE hotth Hcqesi, a TflrocTH boAh&i hbh- 
JiacB Ha^eiBjta napHpoBaTB R0HTpB6yaiefl), ho nepBaji npn^HHa 
ocTaexGH Bx nojiHofi CHJit. dioro h xenepB Aocxaio^HO, ^to6u 
ycjioBix AaoHiK 6£IJIh BDOJiHt yMtpeHHU bo Bceni, ^o Kacaeica 
^ojirojiiTHHX'B nooTOflHHHXi pycoKBXi HHTepecoBi H npaBi, HO 
yojioBifl Moryrb oKasaTBCH h A&^se o^ohl neyHi^peHHUMH no otho- 
meHiH) Ki BpeMeHHUM'B oTHonreHiflifL: yajiaxi K0HxpH6yqiH, cpo- 
KOBi osRynai^H h t. n. 3To-~B^poflXHo; ho rojiOBOKpysHxejibHue 
ycaixH opysia na cymt h na Mopi^ MoryrB noAOKasaxB h B9o6nie 
HeyMtpeHHUA xpefioBaniH, He6jiaropa8yMHK[ff ci xo^kh 8p<bHiH co6- 

CXBBHHBIX'B HUOHCKHXl HHXepeCOB'B. H ^Ml JlfikShViey T^Ml 6ojite 

maHCOBi xaKoro noBopoxa hoohckhxi HaMipeHifi. 

noBaificTB co6epexi bc^ cBt^^HiH, coo6ii^aBniiHCH hsi 6ojAe 
HJiH Menie AocxoBipHux'B HcxoqHHROBX, no BxoMy Bonpocy. Bi 
flnoHin HMtoxcH ABt 6ojiBniHXi napxiH: KOHCXHxyi^ioHajiHcxGKaH, bi 
cooxaBi Koxopofl Bxoffflxi xenepemnie mhhhoxpbi, h nporpeccHCi- 
CKan, ci offHEMi HBi BjdAxejiBHtBmHX'b rooyAapoTBeHHBix'B j(iflxe- 
jieS AnoHiH rpa^OMi OxyMoft bo rjiaBi^, 6uBniHMi ^oJiroe Bpeiui 
MHHHCxpoMi-npesHffeHXOM'B. 06t napxiH HMtJiH co6paHifl ajih onpe- 
A^jienifl sexaxejiLHux'B ycjiOBifl MBpa. ArenxcxBO PeSiepa j^aeii 
GJD[tAyH)I^i& EpaxKiS ox^exi o nocxaHOBJieHinxi bthxi co6paHifi: 

TokIo, 15 (28 iioHH). EoMHxexi KOHoxHxyi^ioHajiHCXcsoft napxiir 
npHHAjii ceroAHH peaojiDitiK) oji^Ayion^aro co^^episaHiH: 

„Xoxa H Htxi HyafljH nojipo6Ho ycxanaBJHBaxL mhphhh ycjo- 

bIh, XtMl He MOH^e MU naXO^^HMl Heo6xOABMB[Ml 3aBBHXL, ^0 A^fl 

ocyn^ecxBJieHiH i^tjin h saffaq's boShbt, yKasanHBixi bx MaHH^ecTi^ 
o6'B odiflBjieHiH HaqajL^ BoeHHuxi ^ificxBifi, a xaKse jiflx o6e3- 
neqeniH bi 6jjf,Ym.eu% nnxepecoBi HameS HMnepin h ;^jih nocTa- 
HOBKH ji^Jia MHpa Ha JI^ajiBHeifB BocxoKt Ha xBep^yio no^By, Heo5- 
xo^HMO noxpe6oBaxB ycxynoK'L xeppHxopiH h BosMtn^emH y6siT- 
KOBi, a KopeflcKifi h ManqsypcKifi Bonpocu aojishu 6uxb okoh- 
qaxejiBHo H HGHo pi^meHu^. 

PesojiioqiH 6ujia noxoifi npe^^GxaBjiena MHHHGxpy-npesHAeHxy. 

IIporpeGGHGXGKafl napxin BunyoxHJia BOdSBanie, bi KOxopoMi yKa- 



nOJIHTHBA. 91 

3aH£i yojiOBifl MHpa, cHa^ajia ^aBTHqecsH TOseoTBeHHua ci ycxoBiflMH, 
yaoMAHyxEiMH b% pesojinniH KOHCTHTjixioHajiHGTOKofi ne^aTH. OAHaso, 
B% Heiii HMimcji em,e h cjitAyioii^ie ^onojiHHTejiBHEie njHKTii: 

PoGcifl He MOseorL bobboj^htb BoeHHUA coopyseHin bi itxi Mi- 
cTaxx, vj^i STO rposHTL HHTepeoaMX flnoHiH; 

PoGcifl ffOjiHHa OTKasaxbOH oti Boi^xi npHBHJierift, KOToptiMH 
OHa nojiBsyeTOA bi MaH^[sypiH, a laKsse OTsasaTBCfl oiHUHt oti 
BMimaTejiBCTBa bi Bonpocu, Kaoann^iecH dTofl cipaHu; 

Poooiji ffOJiSHa BBflTB Ha ce6fl o6ii8aTejiB0TBO ne npHHEMaxB 

HHSaSHX'B Uipb, EOTOpUA MOFJIH 6u O^HTaTBOlI yrpoBOK) ;^JiH MHpa 

Ha SHTaflcKofl rpaHHat. (PeBTepi). (11. A.). 

^TO Tasoe ^BoeHHBEH GOopyseHifl bi Ttx'B Micraxi, r^t dTO 
rpoBHiTB HHTepecam AnoHiH?'' H ^to Tasoe „Mipii, soTopuH hofjih 
6u c^HTaxBCH yrpoaoH) a^h MHpa na sHTafloRofl rpanni^?' Eto 6y- 
j^evb onpeA'bxflTB to h APyroe? finoHia? Ho Bi^i^ 8to yse XHrnenie 
PocciH HesaBHCHMOCTH^ ycjEOBie, 6oj['6e, qtM'B om^^jeoo... IleqajrBHO, 
HTO ero BBicTaBXHexi Moryn^ecTBeHHan h BJiinxeJiBHafl napTin, xoth 
ceflqacB H He npaBHTejiBCTBeHHafl. Mosho enie npeAnojiaraTB, qxo 
GTOJiB HeyMtpeHHBiH Tpe6oBaHiH BUGTaBJiJiDTGH CI i^tjiBK) OKasaxB 
aoAA^pssy 6ojite yM^peHHofi nporpaMxi. H b% dxoMi Gjiyqa^ 
HeqajiBHo, TTO Bi Gpej^^ HHOHGKaro Hapo^a nponaran^^HpyeTGH Ta- 
KBH nporpaMMa. 

P'bnieHie MaHBqsypcKaro h RopeftoKaro BonpoGOBi bi tomi na- 
npaBJieHiH, bi BaBOMi j^OMoraJiacB AnoHin; BoeHHoe BOsnarpasAeHie 
TeppHTopiajTBHUH ycTynsH^ — aToro Tpe6yiorB o6t napTin, h cb bthmh 
Tpe6oBaHiflMH pycGsie ynojiHOMoqeHHue, KOHeiHO, BcxptTHTCH na 
nepBOMB se saGiAaniH MHpHofl KOH^epeHi^iH. 

Ki cKaaaHHOMy na^o npH6aBHTB, qxo bcjA^'b sa sthmh coBin^a- 
fliAMH napTiB MHHHGxpinpeBHAeHXB Kai^ypa yaoTpe6HJi'B bg% ycHJiin 

KB TOMy, qT06u npHBeCXH BG^ HHOHCSiH HOJIHXHqeGKiH HSpxiH K'B 

GorjiameniK) oxnoGHxejiBHO yGJioaifi Mspa, KOxopuxB flnoHiH HaintexGH 

A06hXBGH. OhB HMtJIB HO dXOMy nOBOAy HeOAHORpaXETEIA CBHAAHifl 

GB BOiE^HMH pasxH^HBixB napxjfi. Bb dxoMi qyBGXByexGH cepBesHoe 
roGyxapoxBeHHoe h nai^ioHajiBHoe cosHanie. BofiHa 6£[jia HanioHajiB- 

HOK)^ H MHp'B AOJISeHl 6bIXB Hai^OHaJIBHEIMB. IIpaBHXeJIBGXBO HO 

6oHTGfl coBtn^aTBGH GB HpeffGTaBHxejiflMH BG^XB Hapxifi, Hj^exi Ha 

BCXptqy 06ni;eGTBeHH0My MHtHiX) H GXpeMHXGH BMtGXt G'B HapO^OM'B 

xBopHXb HapoffHoe juijio. 3x0 ^j^oBtpqaeoe o6ni;eHie gi napoj^OM'B 
HHcsoJHiKO He yMajEHoxi ;^0GX0HHGXBa HHOHCKaro HMnepaxopa, o6aHHie 
KOToparo HMeHHO axHMB ^^OBipqaBBiMi o6in.eHieMB yAepsneaexGH na 

BUCOXt nOqXH CBHTOOTH. H BB 9X0X1 XOpaEeGXBeHHBlfi MOMOHX'B HO- 

peA'B oxapaBJienieMi ynojiHOMoqeHHuxi na KOH^epeni^iK), HMtDH^yio 
yxBepAHXB sa flnonieS noqexHoe m^^gxo bi cpeA*]^ bojihkhxi ;^epsaBB^ 
HHOHCKifl HMHepaxopi cqejiB Heo6xoAHMBiMB BBioxynHXB. Obi o6pa- 
XHJiGH KB HQOHGKHM'B npe^oxaBHxejiaMB, KOxopBie 6y;^yTB npHGyxcxBO- 



92 pyOOKOH BOrATGTBO. 

BSTB Ha 00Biiii;aHiH wh BamHHrroHi, ci noojiaeieMi ojiiffyDii^aTO 
coffepisaHifl: 

^npesH^eHirb CoeffHHeHHUxi niTaTOBi cb rpycTbi) Hamejii, tto 
BoflHa MeacAT AnoHien h PocoieD He soH^HJiacB 6oJLie qtifb noojii 
i^tjiaro roAft BoeHHBixx A^fioTBifi. IIo ero HHiHix), bi HHTepeoarB 
MHpa Bcero ^ejiOBtqeciBa Heo5xoAHMO, ^to6£i BOftHa HeiieAJieHHO 
npeKpaTHjiacB, h nosTOMy ohi npe^JiosHJii^ qiotfu o6a npaBBxejiB- 
CTBa HasHa^HjiH ynojiHoiio^eHHEixi, nopy^HBi Hifb ooftTHCB BMtori 
H BGTyiiHTb Bi HeporoBopu no Bonpooy o sasjiD^eHiH MHpa. Mu 
6£iJiH npHHys^eHu npH6irHyTL ri opysin BonpeKH nameiiy se- 
Jianiio; t%mi ne Mente, mu Boerj^a fitijiH npoHHKoyTu HCspeHHHMX se- 
jiaHieMi Bi nojiLsy MHpa. Eojih 6ii, 6jiaroffapfl MHpojmfiHBOMy oOpasy 
Muojiefl Hamero npoTHBHHKa, BoeHHUH ^tfioTBifl MorjiH 6£ITi> npHBe- 
jifiEu vh ROHay, TO TaRoft HcxoAi 6hijrh 6in ajih Haoi 6ojifte Bcero 
sejiaxejieHi. Ho stoB npn^HHi mei cpasy npHHiijiH npe^^Jiosenie 
npesHA^HTa h lenepB nopy^aeni Bani BCiynHTB b% neperoBopu 
no Bonpocy o saRjuo^eniH MHpa. Bu aojushbi hocbhthtl ce6H Bce- 
i^ijio ocynieoTBJieHiio BOSJioseHHofl Ha Baoi saffaHH h ynoTpe6HTb 
Boi ycHJUfl Ri TOMy, Tro6£i odesne^HTL BosciaHOBjieHie MHpa na npo^- 
Hoft no^Bt". 

H MHRaffo BHajii, vh ROMy o6pan^aeTCH, noxony ^to vh cooraBi 
OBHTu HHOHCRaro ynojiHOMO^eHHaro KoMypu BomjiH, ;^HpeRTopT> 
finpo no nojiHTH^ecRHM^b A^jiaMi fiMasa, ^npeRTopi HH$opMa^ioH- 
Haro 6H)po Caxo, ceRperapL noconcTBa A;i;aH, jih^hbiA oeRpexapb 
MHHHOTpa HHOcxpaHHuxi A^jii XoHAa, AHnjioMaTH^ecRift aTTame 

lOBHmH, COB^THHRl HO HHOCTpaHHUMl ff^JiaMl F. B. JI^eHHCOHl, 

cooTOHn^ifl npH bobhhomi MHHHCTepoTBt wh ToRio HOJiROBHHRi Ta- 
niH6aHa h MopcRoS axianie bx BamnHrxoHt RannxaHi TaRemHxa. 
Ile^axbH) HMena axH Bcxpiqenu Sujib. cb noJiHimi co^yBcxBieMi. 
rasexu ^KoRyMHH^b^^ h ^HnmH-HHrnH' saHBHJiH, mo bi ^hojio ynoi- 
HOMO^eHHLix'B BomjiH HaH6ojile cnoco6Hue j^nnjioMaxii, RaRHXi 

XOJILRO finOHiH MOSeX^b Jlfiklh. 

AnOHlH nOHHMaeXl H/bEJ CXaBRH H M05HJIH8yeXl OBOHAy^OBHHfl 

cHJiu nocjii xoro, RaRi na xeaxpi RponaBuxi ooduxifi ona cyntxa 
paaBepHyxii cboh MaxepiajibHUH ohjeei. 

Orojio BpeneHH oxnjn[iixiH hhohcrhxi ynoJiHOMO^eHHUXi hbi 
^noHin, PocciftcKoe Arenxcxso co cjolobi „ Central News" pasocjiaao 
cjii^^yioD^yK) HHxepeoHyio xejierpaMny: 

^BamnHrxoHi, 26 Idhh (9 Iidjih). Baponi EaneRO coBtn^axcfl 

01 PySBeJIBXOMl OXHOCHXeJIBHO BpeMOHH SaRJID^eHiH MHpa. Ofll OT- 

RasuBaexcH coo6n^HXB noApo6HOGTH OBoero CBH^anifl 0% npesHAOH- 
xoMi, HO nojiaraex'L^ 9xo ilnoHin HMtex^b npaso na R0HTpH6yii[iK). 
fiapoHi KaneRo BBipasHJii, Mes^y npo^HM'B, na^esAy, ?xo ilnoiifl 
€OxpaHHX!b sa co6oS nopxi-Apxyp'B, AOcxaBmificH eS BecLMa ^oporoft 
qiHoft". 

TaRaH nporpaMMa, roho^ho, Bnojini yMipoHHa, a eojiH no'inxaTB 



nOJIHTHKA. 93 

ycTynsy Apxypa sa TeppHTopiaJiBHyK) h oqExaTB, ?to pimeHie 
MaH^sypoKaro h RopefloKaro Bonpoco^i no JinoHCKofl nporpaHici 
6apoHOMi KaneRo caMO 0060K) pasyM^jiocBy to ero sajiBJieHie ^o- 
BOJiBHo 6JIH8RO GOBnaj^aen ci nporpaMMon ROHcxHTyi^ioHHCTOBi. 

HaROHeiti, KoMypa h ero noMOiaHHRi npH6ujiH vh AnepHRy; 
o^HaRo, CTapaHifl npeocu ?to-jih6o Biratj^aTb 6£ijin no^H 6e3ycntinH£i. 
fioTi ABt 6oj['6e HHTepecHHff TejierpaMiiEi: 

^HLD-IopRX, 13 (26 injiii). EoMypa co CBoeS gbhtoS npHfiun 
12 iiojiA B% J^acepcefi-GHTH, r^t ero bgtp^thjih RJiHRaMH „6aH8afi^ 
npoJKBBaioiiiie Bt HLio-IopRt flnoHiiBi. Bi HLio-IopRt Konypy osbh- 
j^ajTL snoHGRifi noejiaHHHR'b TaRaxHpa. Sa^gb^ RaRi na BORsaJity 
npn npH6£iTiH, TaRi h na yjiHi^axi, AnoHi^eB'E ne BGTptqajra cb 
TaRHMX dHTysiasMOMi^ RaRi Ha 3ana;[^. 

KoMypa c^HTaeT'B OBOHMi AOJiroMi xpaHHTB MOJi^aHie, ho gob^t- 
HHR'L HHOHORaro HooojiLGTBa CaTO, npHHHJi'L npej^GTaBHTOJiefl neqaxH, 
ROTopuMi saflBHJii; ^To HhohIh sejiaeTi MHpa, ho He bo ^0 fiu 
TO HE GTajio. Cpe^GTBa ilnoHiH en^e ^oJieRO He Hc^epnaHKr, napoAHUH 
c6epeseHiH sa Bpeiur boBhu yBOJiH^HJiHGB. 

no ojiyxaMi, ROH^epeni^iH otrpootgh 23 udjs. 

HBlD-IopRl, 13 (26 iDJIH). OAHHI HB'B ^JieHOB'B AHOHGROfl MEGGIh 

jifia Be^eHiH mbphbixi neperoBopoB'B, GaTO, roBopn 0% OAHHifB acyp- 
HajiHGTOMB, GRasaii: „Sl yBipeni, ^to neperoBopu 6yffyrB yGni^m- 

HIWH. HnOHCRiS* ynOJIHOHOHeHHUft pyROBO^HTGH yMtpOHHOGTBlD H 

HHRaRHXB qpesMipHLixi TpefioBaHifl He npeA^HBHTB. EaR'B bb 
HnoBiH, TaRB h bb PocgIh o6ni;eGTBeHHoe HHtnie pacnojioseno vh 

HOJIBBy MHpa, H MHp'B ffOJIKeHB 6BITB SaRJID^eHl, RaRl BB MaTO- 

piajiBHuxB HHTepeGaxB, TaRi h bi HHiepeGaxi ryiiaHHOGTH. Boflna 
GTOHJia HnoHiH o^ohb Aoporo. ^Gi ofituxi GTopoHi norH6jio 570,000 
joopifi^] Hsi HHX'B PoGciH HOTepHJia 870,000. BoSna cTOHJia flaoniH 
HO MEJuiioHy j^oJiJiapoBB eflseffHeBHO, h oieBH^Ho, 9to efi j^ojiSHa 
6uTB ynjia^ena R0HTpH6y]xiH''. IIo GJioBaiiB GaTO, nepBUMB A^fi- 
OTBieicB ynojiHOMo^eHHEix'B 6yji(erB, b^pohtho, saRjin^eHie nepenHpiH. 

EAHHCTBeHHO, R'B HeMy GTpeMHTCH flnOHis^ 8T0 — OTRpUETBIH A^epH 

Bi Man^sypiH. Hhohgroo npaBnrejiBGTBO iROJiaerB HHpa, ho tojebro 
He RaRoft yroAHo i^hok). Bej[HRo6pETaHiH h Goe^HHeHHue IIlTaTu, 
HO cjiOBaifB GaTO, jiy^Hiie ApysBH AhohIh''. 

9to j^njiOMaxH^eoRoe saHBjieHie ji^eierh o^ohb MaJio, ho HoacHo, 
RaseTCH, Ha^TBGH^ TTO nporpaifMa nporpoGOHOTGRoS napTin ne ot- 

BOBOTGH HHRaRHlfB OTFOJIOOROlfB Ha MHpHOfl ROH^epeHIUH. 



ly. 

Otb anoHGRofi GTopoHU o6paTHMca xenepB ri pycoRofi. ?HTa- 

XejEH BHaiOTB, ?T0 BA^GB HO 6wiO HE GOB^n^aHifi GB 06mHpHUIiH 

RpyraMH saHHTepeGOBaHHaro HaoeaeHia, hh MoGHjrasaiuH Jiy^mnxi 



94 PyOOKOB BOFATOTBO 

jiyxoBHUxi cHJi^b CTpaHBi. Hhhobhiish ceKpeTHo nocoBin^ajnicL, h 

OABH'E HBl HHHOBHHKOB'b, 6£lBinifl HHHHOTp'b DCTHI^iH MypaBBOBl, HO- 

JLj^EjL'b nojiHOMoqifl^ HO saTtifX saMiHeHi ApyreM'E ^hhobbhkoh'l 

tiUBBIHlil MHHHOTpOMX ^HHaHCOBl BflTTe. H'^CKOJIBKO ?HH0BHHB0B1>, 

HasHaqeHu npH neM^b coctoatl. OcBi^OMJieHBi jih ohh o seJianiH 
HaniB? 3HaiOTi jih ohm A'^JOia JI^aiBBHro BooTOKa, HamH HHTepecu, 
npafia, o6B8aHHOCTH? 

HsBtcxiH npHroTOBJieHini pyccKofl ciopoHU otkpsijihcb gjA- 
^yiOH^eio areHTCKOK) xejierpaMMOK). 

„HBK)-IopKi, 5 (18 iK)JiB). AreHToxBo „ Associated Press" ony6jiH- 
KOBBJOLO HHsecjii^yiQniyio Tejierpamfy oti cBoero neTep6yprcsaro 
KoppecnoHj^eHxa, roBap^a Tomcobb: 

CTaTCi-ceBpeTapB C. K). BnTre npHHHJi'L npeAoraBHTeJifl „Asso- 
ciated Press" na Aa^> hb EjiarHHOMi ocxpoBi. yAOcroHBi r. Fo 
BapAa ToMCOHa HHTepBBio, C. K). Bhtto saflBHJi^L, ?to owh otb^thji'l 
OTBaaoMi Ha Bci npocL6u sypnajiHCTOB^b h hhrofo hsi hhx'b Bt^ 
npHMOTB, HOCAtJiajrB HCRj[K)9eHie j^jih areHTcxBa „ Associated Press* ^ 

TBKl KBE^b OHO HpeACTaBJIHeTL C05ofi He^BTB TOfi CTpaHU, FOOTeMS 

soTopofi OHi Bi cKopoMi BpeMOHH 6jjs,erb, 

IIO nOBOAy CKJEOHHOCTH HHOOTpaHHOfl HO'iaTH ofi'bHOHHTB HadHB' 

qenie C. K). Uhtto sejEaHietti PoccIh saKjno^HTL MHpi bo hto 6u 
TO HH CTajio, FJiaBHut ynoJiHOMO'ieHHufi PocciH ffJiH BeAeHifl cs 
AHOHita&iH Mnpauxi aeperoBopoBi cKasajn: 

»Jltrh, H'bTi, fl HasHa^eH'L rocyAapeii^b HMnepaTopoxi ji^Jui ne- 
peroBopoBt CL yaojiHOMoqenHUMH HaoHin ci i^^jibk) ycTanoBHTB, 

B08MOSH0 JIH TeaepB 8aKJIH)?HTB HHpi. MOH JIH^HBIO BBFJIHAU HlitlOrB 

BTopocTeneHHoe SHa^eHie, no, bi o6n^eMX, ohh coBepmeHHO coBoa* 

Ji^aiOTl CO BSFJIJiAaMH MOBFO Apy^a, MHHHCTpa HHOCTpaHHEJX'b A'^JIl, 

rpa^a JlaMSAop^a. R cjiysy Moeiiy rocyAapn, h nojiyqHJFL to^huh 
BHGTpyKoiH OTi Efo BeJiH^ecTBa h 6yAy bo bcomi hmi cji^AOBaTb. 
OKOHqaTOJiiiHoe ptmeaie Boapoca saBHCHTi orb Pocy^apH HMnepa- 
Topa^ eny npnnaAJieiBHT'b apano oapeA^jiJiTb cyAB6&i Poccin. Efo 
BeJiH^ecTBO ctopohhhk'l MHpa h seJiaeTi bfo, ho h chjibho ona- 
caiocb, ^TO ycjiOBia, ROTopuH npe;i;jiosaxi hqohi^bi, 6yAyx'E xaKOFO 
xapaKxepa, ^xo c^'i^Jiaiox'b HeBOSMOSHUMi HHsasoe coFjianieHie. 

„C'B ;^pyFofl cTopoHH, omnfiaioxca xt, kxo j^ywaexir, 9xo Pocciji 
xo^ex^b MHpa BO ^xo Cm xo hh cxajio. y nacb ecxb jifi^ napxin: 
o;^Ha cxoHxi sa Boflny — napxiH o'leHb MOFynj^ecxBeHHan, ^pyFan 
napxiH, Ki Roxopofi h npHHa^Jiesy^ cxohxi sa MHpi. fl oxrpobohho 
roBopD 8X0, noxoMy ^xo npaB^a BceF;ta 6ujla npHHi^HHOH^b Moet 
nojiHXHRH. fl cxoHJi^b SB MHp'b ;q;o Ha^ajia BoenHHxx ;i;tScxBi9. RoF^a 
BCHBixHyjia Boftna, nojioseflie HdMtHHJiocB. Bee se, xoxh h cyime 
cxByioT'b y nacb ji^hi aapxin no Boapocy o npoAOJiseniH boShbi, a 
He coMHtBarocB, ixo axH napxin o6i»eAHflHJiHCb 6h, ecJiH 6h xpe6o- 
BaHJH flaoHin ocRop6HJiH caM0JiH)6ie PocciH hjih CROMnpoMHxnpoBaJiH 
6yAymH0cxb Ha^iH. fl y6'fe«AeH'b bi xomi, mto ecJiH h cowy ycJiOBia 



nOJIHTHKA. 95 

^QOHiH HenpleifjieMiiMH, to Pocciji corjiaoHTcji go mhoA, h pyccsift 
HapoA'B 6j]ifiT% roTOBi npoffOJisaTb boShj, xota 6hL b% xeneHie h*!- 

OKOJIBRHXl JLiTh. 

,PocoiJi He HCTomeHa, KaKi jj^yicaeTi HHOCTpaHHaii neqaiB. Bsy- 
TpeHHee cooToaHie Poocin HeyAOBJieTBopHTejiBHO h jijkxe oqeHb 
cepBesHO, A 8Toro He oipHi^aK), ho HOTHHHoe sHa^enie co6iiTifl He- 
HOHO noHHMaexcH H Bi AiiepHKt, H Bi EapOni. EoppecHOH^^eHTu 
raserL npitssann Bi naicx, 6ectAyH)Ti» ci HtosojiBKHMH cothhhh 
jEiOAefl Bx neTep6yprt hjih Mockb^, jiosho HCTOJisoBUBauTi co6Ki'ri« 

H HanOJIHJIlDTl Mipi HenpaBHJIbHO HSJOSeHHUMH Cy6ieSTHBHK[MH 

BneqaTJi^HijiMH othooht6JIlho Boero Toro, ^to sacaeiCH fiyxyniHocTH 
PocciH. PojcciH MaJio hoxoahti Ha Apyrifl oipanu Sana^a. JU^ Toro, 
nTo6u BHaTL PocciH), ^To6u noHHMaTB Aymy pyccsaro napo^a, nysHO 

pOAHTbCH BA^CB HJIH HpOSHTB BfftCB MHOrO JltTE. OfiU^aH, HCTOpifl, 

ncHxojioriA napoAa coBepmeHHo oiJiHUDrB ero on aaaaAHO-eBpo- 
neflcsHxi Hai^ift. Poccin neJiBajr cy^HTB ci tohkh aptniH saaaAHuxi 
HAefi: PocciH nejiHsa h cocTaBJiena hsi Maocu 8JD[e»eHT0Bi>, ouHq- 
Huxi APjri OTL APyi'A- Bi AAHHufi MOMeaTE Pocciji ape^CTaBJiAeTi 
C060K) o6niHpHyK) cenBi)^ pasAHpaeifyio BHyipeHHefl MesAoyco6Hi;eft, 
HO pasHorjiacie TOTvaci Hcqesjio 6hi, ecJiH 6bi napo^'B noqyBCXBO- 
Bajii, mo 6jraroaoiyqie CTpaHU b'e onacHOCTH. Poccia BOBce ne 
HaxoAHTCH HasanyHi^ yxpaTBi CBoefl BeJiHSOAepsaBHofi poJiH h ho 
AOJisHa oorjiamaTBGH Ha BCHsiH ycjiOBin, xoth h nonecjia nopasBeniH. 
Mu nepesBBaeifB kphbhcb, conpoBOSAaion^iflcH MHorHMH cepBeaHUMH 
co6uTijiMH. BoBMOSHO^ 910 npoHSoSATi^ HOBBiH HBJieHiH anajEorHq- 
Haro xapaKTepa, ho kphbhcb bo bchkomi cjijnsA oKOHqHTCH, b qe* 
pes'B H!bcsojiBKO jAvh PocciH BepHeT:b CBoe uicTO MorynxecTBeHfioft 
H BJiiHTeJiBHofi A^psaBBE B% eBponeflcEOicB BOHI^epTt''. 

PocciH H^eTB He CTaBHTB, a BucJiymaTB mhphhh ycjioBin, h 
pyccidfi ynojiHOMoqeHHufi h Mon», KoneqHO, csasaTB toabko oaho: 
Poccifl sejiaerB MHpa, ho MoseTi en^e coapoTHBJiflTBOH^ ecjiH ycjiOBiH 
<5yffyrB qpesMtpno THrociHH. SaqtHi tojibbo Tyrb npnayTana 
jcasaH TO oco6aH pyccKan ^ynia? Jl^aBHO 8T0My hhbto ne BipHT'B, 
HH roBopHH^ie, hh ciiymaioQue. He noBi^pHTi h flaoHHibi. ^ajiBniHBaH 
HOTa 6ujia BSHxa deanojieBHO, a KaKi nepBuS marB BuaojiHeHiH 
BejiHKofl MHCciH, QopyqeHHoft r Hy BHTre, ona Majio odtmaer'B. 

cJii^oBaHiH pyccKaro ynojiHOMoqeHHaro HMteMi cjitj^yDn^in 
€Oo6iueHiH: 

BepjiHHX, 8 (21 irojifl). CraTci, ceKperapB C. K). Bhttc npoftsffOM'B 
HpH6uj['B Bqepa b'e BepjiBHi bb 1 1 q. Beqepa. Bb caajibHuS BaroHi. 
KB Heaiy BomejiB 6aHKHpB MeH^ejiBcoHB^ KOTopU'l i^xajiB cb hhmb 
HicKOJiL&o qacoBB, 6ectAyfl uo ayxH. Ha BOKsajit oxcH^ajiR npHoum 
C. 10. BHTTe flftcKOJiBKO qjieHOBB pyccKaro nocojitoxpa. HotoAB qe- 
pesi HtcKOJiBRO MHHyxB ymejiB b% HapHSB. 

HapHSB, 8 (21 iiojiH). CxaxcB-ceEpexapb C. K). BHXxe npH6£iJiB 
CD^a Bi 4 qaca h fiujii BcxptqenB npH Buxo^i hbi saroHa pyc> 



96 P700KOH BOrATOTBO. 

OKHMX nocjiOM'b A. H. HejiHAOBUMi, HaqajEBHHSOMi Ra6HHeTa mh^ 
HHCxpa-npesH^^eHTa h 6£iBinHM'& pyccRHMi nocjiOMi bi BamEHrroBi 

rpatt^OMl EaOCHHH. IIOCJI^^ BSaHMHEIXl npHB^TCTBifi^ C. K). BHTie 

o^jii vh OTspuToe jiaH^o h OTnpaBHjn[OA bi otojib Ha „fiue de la 
Paix^. Kor^a C. K). Bhtto BMmen hbi BORsajia^ pasj^ajHCB bob- 
rjiacKr: ^Jl^a sj^paBCTByerb Poccifl!** 

IlapHsi^ 9 (22 injifl). MHHHCTpi-npesHAeHirb PjBBe npHHAjrb 
ceroAHH yTpoMi CTaTci-ceKpexapji C. K). BnTre. B6oi;^a npo^ojiaca- 
jiaoB qaci. 

napHSi, 9 (22 iiojifl). (PA). JIy63 npHHJiJi'B Bhtto bi 2 qaoa 
6631 BCflKaro i^epeMOHiaJia. Sar^MX npeaH^^eHTB noKHHyjii IlapHS^ 
H ot6£ijii Bi 4 qaca bb PaM6yj[Be. 

napHsi, 13 (26 Jiojifl). CTaTCB-cespeTapB C. K). BHire B&iixaji'B 
B'B inep6yprB bb 9 qao. 20 mhh. yxpa. Ha BORsajiB ko BpeMOHS 
OTXOAa noisAa iipH6Bijin npe^cTaBHiejiB MEHHCTpa-apesHi^eHTa PyBBe^ 
pyccRifi nocojii a. t. c. HejiHAOBB h HtcKOJiBKO jiH^HBixB j^pysefl. 
GeMBA C. K). Bhttb ocTajiacB bi napHst. (FaBacB). 

inep6yprB, 13 (26 irojia). CTaicB-ceKpeTapB C. K). BnTre npn- 
6ujiB Bi 4 ?. AHH. Bb 8 qacoBB ohb cflji;eTB he napoxo^T* ^Kaiser 
Wilhelm**. 

Bec^Aa r. BHTxe cb PyBBe HM^^jia, ROHeqHO, RpynHoe BHa^ema 
HeA MHoro coo6ii^eHift b'b HHOCxpaHHofl npecot. Bi pyocRyxx 
npoHHRjio JiemB cj[tffyi)iii;ee coo6n^eHie („]IeTep6yprcRifl JIhctori*^ 
OTi 11 iwjia, JSS 178): 

^Bb oy66oTy r. Bflrre BnepBue yBH^^Jicji ci PyBBe, lenepem- 

HHM'B npeHBepOMB E BM^CTi CI T^MB MHHHCTpOMl HHOCTpaHHUX'B 

jUijiB BO ^paHi^iH. 9to cBHAame, RaRB coofin^anrB ebb IlapEsa bb. 
„Neue Fr. Pr.'', 6yAerB em^tb pimaiDii];ee sjiijiHie na ^paHi^yscRHXB^ 
^EHaHCECTOBi H ?pe8BBi?aflH0 BasHoe 8Ha?eHie ji,jlsl yon'bxa MHpHofl 
MHcciE r. BflTTe. Bb PyBBe, ropa^euB soSopHHRt MEpa^ r. BHrre 
HaAAOTi noAQjepscRy bo BoeMB; ho, no cjiyxaMB, PyBBe bi 6ectAi^ 
nsyjixen% 6hjii saTpoHyTB BonpocB o pyccREXB pe^opnax'B, otb 
ROToparo saBHCHTB BHyTpeHHilt MEpi BB Poccis. PyBBe He c^ExaeT^ 
ce6fl BB npaBi ;ii;aBaTB KaRie-Jis6o cob^^th OTHocHTejiBHO BHyrpeHHeft 
pycGRofi nojiETERH, — o^HaRO, nps o6HtHi^ MH^Hifi OTHOGBTejiBHO npoff- 
sojiaraenaro HOBaro 6ojiBnioro BHyTpeHHflro safiMa bo $paHi^iH, 
PyBBe c^HTaexB bosmoshumb, ne bb ^opni cosliTa, ho bi bhjii:^^ 

npOGTOrO ROHGTaTEpOBaHiA $aRTa SaaBETB, ^TO PoGGIh B'B Ha- 

GTOfln^ixi yGjiOBiHXB TpyAEO 6yAerB HaftrH AOHBrE bo ^paHi^Ei 
AeHBFH HafiAyTGA ^JiA npeo6pa30BaHEofi PoccIe gb napoJiBuafB npe^- 

CTaBETejIBGTBOMB.** 

PyGGRift yaojiHOMo^eHHHfi xesepB nepeissaeTB oReaHB, h CRopo 
npoHsoSj^eTB BGTpiqa, ne Meni^e BaasHaH^ HeacejiR MyRj^eHGRan h 
n^yGHMCRaH. H BB 8ToS BGTpt^t Hama GTopoHa BoopyxeHa h CHa- 
paseHa ropas^o xyse HnoHCRofl... npaB;];a^ ebb caHOBHHROB'B bu- 
6paHB HaE6oj[ie noAxo;i;Hin;iS, ho ecjis 611 o^^hemh GaHOBHHRauB 



nOJIHTHKA. 97 

AopsajiACB HAma poj^BHa, oaa He Morjia 6u shti>. £!ctl y nacL h 
KpynHue y^eHJue, h j^apoBHiue npeAnpHHHMaTejiH^ h saojEysenHue 
oCu^eoTBeHHue ^taiajiHy h MucjLHTejiH, h npaKTHKH, h aHaTosH 
AajiLHuro BooTOKa... 

Mu roBopHJiB AO OHx^b nopx o6'l aqohokoS h pyooKofl oiopoHii. 
Bi noGjitAHee BpeMff o6HapysHJ[aGb en^e h TpeTBJi OTopona, sh- 
Ta&oKaa. Cna^ajia 8T0 6ujir aoboj[i>ho po6KiA npooL6u, ho bi canoe 
nocjitAHee BpeifJi sasBy^ajia TBep^an Hoxa, sa soiopoio KaKi fiyxro 
vyBCTByeTOfl, KpoMt sniaflcKaro 6e8CBJiifl, HKaKan-ro CHJia. Bon, b% 
xpoHOJiorHiecKOM'L nopflAB^i BSBtcTia o HaqHHanoieMCfl BM^ma- 
TeJii>cTBt: 

^niaHxaA, 3 (16) iio&H, (^Evening Post''). KHxadcKoe npaBH- 
TejL^TBO npeAHHcajEO OBoeiiy nocjianflHsy bi BarnHHrioHt BHHMa- 
lejiBHO ojAjijaTh sa xoaomi MnpHUxi neperoBopoBi, npei(XflBJuifl 
nporecTU no noBO^y BCJiKaro mara, Bpas^A^^Haro HHTepecaMi Kh- 
Taa. (n. A.). 

^HlkhIopki, 3 (16) injifl. JIoHAOHcsifl KoppecnoHAeHii „Sun'' 
ooo6ii(aeTi>^ ^to SHTaflcsoe npaBHTeJiLCTBO o6paTHJD[O0B Kh HeflTpajiL- 
HuifL A^psaBam ci hotoio, bi Koxopofi saABjifleTOA, ?to HHiepecu 
KHTaa HH Bi sasoMi cjiyHai He aojishu 6£itb saAtTu ycjioBiHMH 
HHpHaro corjianieHUi, sOTopua 6yAyT'B Bupa6oTaHii na npeACTOfl- 
n^eifL coB^H^aHiH. (11. A.). 

— Hsi aBTopHTexHuxi Hcxo^HHKOBi HepeAaiorb, qxo ilaoHis 
BHeprH^Ho npoxHBHxcfl apeAcxaBHxejiiiOXBy Kaxaa bi neperoBopaxi o 
MHpi. MaH^usypia h Kopea 6ujm DOBOAaiiH si boAh^, noaxoicy 
paapftmeHie KacaH)I^HXC9 hxi BonpocoBi aBJiaexca noKjno^HxejiBHO 
AtiOMi BOiDD^HX'L GxopoH'b. ilnoHifl py^aexcfl cBoen ^ocxbe) sa 
oxpaHeme HHxepecoBi Knxaa (P. A.)* 

«Toido, 17 (30) iioHfl. (Central News). IleKHHCKiS BoppecnoH- 
XeHTi rasexu ^Asahi'^ roBopHxi, ?xo npHHi^ H^hhi o6paxHJica ki 
aMepHsaHOKOMy uocjiaHBHsy c% npoci>6ofl nepecxaxL co6cxBeHHO' 
py^Hoe nHObMO B^OBCXByiDii^efl sHxaflcKofl HMnepaxpHipi ki Pys- 
Bejibxy ci xoAaxaflcxBOM'b o 8aI^HXt KHxaficKHX'b HHxepecoBi bo 
Bpeiu npeAcxofln^Hxi mhph&ix'b neperoBopoBi. IIocjiaHHHSi o6i- 
n^aii'L nepe^axB iiholmo. H^BOTopue HHOcxpaHHue nocjiaHHHKH bu- 

osasuBaDTi MHibme, ?xo KHxaft He AOJUseHi BifirnHBaxLca bi ne« 

peroBopu MHpl. 

„ — 1 (14) UDJia (Ceatral News). Knxai ony6jHKOBajrB noxy 

OTHOCHxejubHO KopeH, npeAynpeasAAA npoxHBi HSMiHOHia statns quo 

KacL pesyjiBxaxa KHpHuxi neperoBopoex. (.Daily Telegraph''). 
, — 3 (16) iiojui. KHxaficKoe npaBHiejEBCxBO o6paxHJiocB si' 

lopeftcsoMy ci noxoio, bi soxopofi Hpe^ocxeperaexi ero oxi HSiii- 

lenur status quo bb Kopet, Moryn^aro aBHXBoa pesyiBxaxom unpa 

Mei^y Poccied h Anoniefi (11. A.). 

^niaHxaS, 8 (21) injia. (Standard). 3^cb nojiaraiorb, tto 6ojib- 

HiHHCTBo HHOcxpaHHHxi HpeAOTaBHTejieft no^i^epsaxB xpe6oBaBie 

J« 7. Orjf.^'h U. 7 






98 PyOOBOB BOrATOTBO. 

KHTaa OBoeMi npe^CTaBETenoTBi bi mhphoB KOH$epeH^iH, no- 
oROJiBKy OHO 67^011 npHBHaHO cnpaBe^JiHBiiMX. TpeSoBaHie 8to 
BHeprH^HO noffji^epsHBaeTCH pjboboahh^hmh opraHanH KHTaftcKofl ne- 
HaTH, a TaKise HiKOTopuicH AnoHCKHMH opranaMH. rasexu ochobu- 
BaKXTb npH aiOMi gboh BsrjiffKu na HeoSxoAHMooiH co6jiH)AeHiji hh- 
TepecoBi KHTa&cKaro HaceJieHifl Man^sypiE. (n. A.). 

^napHKx, 9 (22) Idjia. Bi nojiHTHqecKHX'b G$epaxi nojiaraiDTx, 
?T0 ^epsaBu YffOBJieTBopflirb Tpe6oBaHie EHraff OTHooHiejiLHO npeA- 
OTaBHTOJibCTBa Ha KOH^epeHuiH no Bonpocy MHpi. Tpe6oBaHi6 aro 
oiipaBAUBaeroA ;^eKjn[apaiiiefl 1900 r., no^^ancaHHoft BctMH A^psa- 
BaMH H o6ycjioBj[BBa]omefl HesaBHCHMOCTB KHTafl, TeppHTopiajiLHyi) 
HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTB ero h npHHi^Hni otkpbithxi ;ii;BepeA. 

^BamHHrroH'b, 9 (22) iiojia. (^Central News"). npe8Hfl;eHTi Py- 
seBOJiLT'E ony6jKHKOBajrE noiy, cb Koxopoft EHxafi o6paTHj[cs ki 
saHHTepeooBaHHUMi AepssaBaMi, sasBJiAH, ?to ohi npHsnaerB i4 
nyHKTu pyccKOHnoHCKaro Mnpnaro j^oroBopa, soTopue saTparHBaiora 
HHTepecBi KHTaH, JHHEIB Bi TOiTb cjiy^a^^ ecjiH 8TH nyfiKTBi 6yAyTi 
BHecenu cb npeABapHiejiBHaro corjiaoiji KnTaa^. 

IIpoTOcrB npoTHBi HnoHcsaro npoTOKTopaxa na^'B EopeeS, oco- 
6eHH0, o6pan^aeTB na ce6fl BHHiiaHie. IIpoTecTB Mosexi onHpaxBCJC 
na onMOHoeeKCKifl ftoroBopi, npHdnaion^ift HesaBncHMocTB Kopen, ho 
-fi^sL npoxeoxa nyxHa OHJia. 

n dxoK) cHjiofl HOKOMy 6£ixB, KpoMi^ FepHamH. ilnoHifl h Poocifl 
Moryxi 8aKJiK)7HXB Bi nopxcMyxi^ MBpi, HO Bonpoci, He 6yAexi jor 
BXorB ffORyneHrB noABeprnyxi nepecMOxpy bi ApyroifB Micxfi, saKi 
Bi 1878 roffy bi BepjiHHt j^oroBopi caH'B-cxe^aHCKiB? 

9xH nepcneKXHB£[ BOxpeBosHJiH He o^ny AnrjiiiD. IIodxoHy-TO, 
OBH^aHie HMnepaxopoB'B HHROJiafl 11 h BHJiBrejrBMa II b'b BBepsi, 
coBepmeHHO neosHAaHHoe h Henpe^^BHj^iHHoe, nponsBejio wh EBponft 
BspBiBi ^ero-xo bi poff4^ nanHKH. MHorHMi bha^jioob yse pasro- 
paion^eecA na ropHsoHxt njiami BceMipnofi boAhbi. H ^iiTB Kopoqe 
H desco^epsaxejiBHte o^^HiuaiBHUH CBij^Hin, xiMi 6ojiBme npo- 
oxopa AJifl ^anxasiH h fforaAOKi. Boxi ABa o$$H^iaJ[BH£IX^ pyc- 
csHX^B coo6m;eHiH: 

Ox6iixie Focyj^apji HM'nepaxopa. 10-ro Idjih na Hunepaxop- 
csofl flxxt „noxffpfiafl 3Bi^8jD(a'' ox6£ijd[h bb ^HHJiHHACKiH mxepu Ero 
HMaepaxopcKoe BejiH^ecxeo rocy^apB Hunepaxopi ci ABrycxtfl- 
mswh BpaxoMi BejiHEHMB KHAsearB MnxanjiOMi AjieKcaHApoBH^eM'B 
AAH BOxpi^H CI repMaHCKHMB HMnepaxopoMi, nyxemecxByioniiHMi B'B 
HHEHimHeifB ro^y na cBoeB Axxi ^ForeHi^ojiJiepH'B" bi BOjiiaxi 
EajixiftcKaro Mopff. rocy^apa HMnepaxopa bb nyxemecxBiH conpo- 
BOs^aDxi MHHHCxpu: HnnepaxopoKaro ^Bopa — reHepaji%-a;2('BH)xaHXi 
6apoHi $peAepEKOB^ MopcKoB — BHite-a;^MHpajiB BEpHJieBB, ro^Map- 
majTB Buco^afimaro JI^Bopa reHepaj[B-aji;iK)xaHxi rpa^i EeHseH- 
j^op^i, 8a ^JiarBKanHxaHa Ero Bej^EecxBa sonxpi ajiMHpaji'B Hh- 
jiOB'B, j[eB6'B-XHpypri a* t. c. rnpniB, Ha^ajiBHHKB BoeHHO-noxo^- 



j 



nOJEHTHKil 99 

fiofl KaHi^eJiflpiH ^JiHrejiL-aAiKxraHirB rpa^i refl^eHi, (|)j[Hrej[B- 
aAiDTaHTB KnnHiaH'b 2-ro panra HarHHi, KaDHraH'b 1-ro panra 
^OHi-dcceHi, fiuBinifl KOMaHAHp^E Kpefloepa ^Hobhki" h acEaffpen- 
Haro 6poHeHOCi^a ^CeBacronojib'' h JieflieHaHTi IIoArypoRiS, yu- 
GTBOBaBmifl vh cyxonyTHofi o6opoHi nopTi-Apiypa. Gi Ero BejiH- 
^ecTBOM^E ot6uji:e repMaHOKifi BoeHHufl areHu RanHTaHi THHi^e. 
FooyAapL HMnepaTopi o:e BejiHSHM^E KHflseii^E MnxaHJiOMi AjiescaH- 
ApoBH^en npHfiiiJi'b Ha BoeHHyn npHoranb vh neiepro^i h npo- 
tuit^OBajn Ha HMaepaTopcKyi) HXTy .AjescaHApin^. Ero Bejin^e- 
OTBO H Ero BuooqecTBo 6iijih vh MopcRoft ^opiit. flxTa ^AjieKoaH- 
ApiA^ noAi dpeflAii-BHMnejiOMi FocyAapH HiinepaTOpa oTBajHJia 
OTi npHCTaHH H wh npe^inecTBiH jifijx'h MHHOHocoR'b nomjia vh 
KpoHHiTaAOKifl peflA*^) r^'b Tocyj^apb HunepaTopi h BejiHKifi Khhsb 
MaxaHjn AjreRcanApoBH^^E nepemjiH Ha HMaepaTopcEyK) HXTy „no- 
jiapHaH 3Bi8;^a^, Roropan BCRopt OHHJiaGL h ymjia bi Mope. 

TejierpaMMa MHHHCTpa HiinepaTopoRaro ^Bopa evb BBepRB. 
Cero 10 iDJiH, b:e 10 qacoBi Benepa, Hxia HunepaTopa repMaH- 
cKaro ^ForeHitojiJiepH'E'' OTajia na HRopL 6jih8i MioTa ctohhrh 
HHnepaTopcROfl hxtu ^nojinpHas SBisAa''. HuaepaTopi BejiBrejiLifE, 
Bi coopoBoav^eHiH npHHi^a AjiBfiepia lUjiedBHrb-FoJiLniTefiHGKaro h 
cBHTii, npHfiujii na Raiepi na ^IIojiflpHyiD Ssisjij**. Ha ipani ero 
BejiHHecTBO 6us% BOipt^eH^E FooyAapeMi HMnepaTopoMi, a laRise 
H BejiHRHMi KHflsen'B MHxauoM'b AjieRoaHApoBEven^E. noojit oep- 
^e^Hiixi npHBtTOTBifl Hxi BejiH^ecTBa hbbojihjih o6xoahtl Rapayxi 
H soMaHAy hxth, a saiiMi, no BsaHiiHOirL npe^cTaBjieHiH obhti, 
hbbojihjih yAaiHTBCH B% py6Ry. Bi 11 woob:e Be^epa, Focy^apB 
HMnepaTopi ci HMQepaiopoMi repMaHCRHMi h bojihrhiii RHHseii'L 
MHxaHJiOMi AjiescaHApoBH^eMi, kb conpoBoa^eniH cbhtu. Ha na- 
Tepaxi npoojiiffOBajiH Ha axiy ^ForeHi^ojuepHi'', OTRy^a FocyAapb 
HMnepaTopi, b% 1 ^ac:E 80 mhh. ho^h, HSBOJiHJi'b BosBpaiHTBOH na 
HXTy ^nojinpnaii SsisAa''. 

OrpoMHoe nojiHTHiecRoe SHa^enie aioro oofifiiriH o^obhaho ajui 
Botx^E. C% pyoGRofl GTopoHu, RpoMi Biimei^HTHpoBaHHux^E coofin^e- 
Hift, OTcyrcTByDTi CB^Ai^HiH. C% H^Mei^ROfi oTHacTH npHnoAHHManTB 
saB^cy o$$HiUo3Hiifi ^Lokal-Anzeiger'' h nojiyo$$H]4o8Hufi »Kdl- 
nische Zeitung": 

Bote bth GOodnteHia: 

BepjiHHi, 12 (25) iwM. ,Kolniche Zeitung**, jyinie bg*xi 

ApyrHXl OpraHOBl ne^aTH OGBiAOMieHHBlfl OTHOGHTeJIEHO bbfjihaobi 

MHHHCTepGTBa HHocTpaHHux'E A^Ji, HHineTE: ^PasroBopi MesAy 
MoHapxaMH npoHoxoAHTE g:e rjiaay na rjiasi, noaTOiiy coAepsanie 
ero He MOserE npoHHRHyrE b% nyfijiHEy. Bdojih* hohhtho, tto 
PyocKia HMnepaTopi nosejiajn noroBopHTE ci jihi^omi, EOTopoe^ 
GjiaroAapfl cBoeMy nojioseHin, npeEpaoHO ooBiAOMieHO othoch- 
TejiEHO ofio^aro nanpaBJieHiH hojihtheh, h ApyaecEia ^yacTBa eoto- 
paro no oTHonieHii) e:e HimepaTopy BcepocciflcEOMy ctojute bh* 



100 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

BCAKHXl OOMHiHifl. IIOHflTHO H TO, TTO FepiiaHiJI HO BHiniAeTCA B'L. 

pyccKyn noJiHTHRy. Ho ooBepmeHHO 6e8CMiicj[eHH0 npe^nojiaraTL^ 
vro repnaHOKifi HunepaTopi yaoTpe6HjrL cBoe BuiAHie bi nojibsy 
npo^oJiseHiir boAhu ci flnoHiefi h peaRqioHHofi BHyTpeHnefl nojiH- 
THKH. PasptmeHie bthxi BonpoooBi MoseTi saBHoiTb tojiro otl 
HHnepaTopa BoepocciflGRaro. ?to RaoaexcA FepiiaHiH, to oea^ 
6iij[a 6ii pa^a^ eojiH 6u yM^peHHOGTb Tpe6oBaHifl HdohIh cnocofi- 
oTBOBaJia saRjiio^eHiK) HHpa, h ho MeHfte pa^a^ eojin 6£i pyccRoe 
HpaBHTejibCTBo nyTem pasyMHiiix'B pe^opm ycTpaHHJio RpH8H0i», 
nepesHBaoMBiS cTpanoS h oSesne^HJio eft SAopoBufl nporpecci. 
3roro Tpe6yiorE RaRi HHTepecu FepMafliH^ TaRi h ApyseoRoe pao- 
nojiosesie HMaepaTOpa BHJLrejiLMa r:e PycoRoS HMnepaTopcRoft^ 
^aMHJiiH. 

«6epjiHHi, 11 (24)iiojifl. „LokaI Anzeiger'' b% HHonHpHpoBaHHofr 
CTaTLi roBopHTi no noBO^y cBHAania jxfijTb MonapzoBi, ^to, npi 
oyn^eoTByDo^eS Mes^y heme ECRpeflflefi ApysCi, bobmoseogtb obe- 
Aasiir 6Hjia npEEETa HiinepaTopaiiE gi SojiBmEin yAOBOJELGTBiem. 
Ero BejEs^eoTBO 6yAeTi pa^i b&a^tl PyooRaro HunepaTopa nocjii 
AOJiraro e HpesaTaro GoSuriasiE npoMOsyTRa BpeneEE. yBtpesifl 
aEPJiiflGRofl E ^pasitysGRoS npeoGu, 6yAT0 6u EMnepaTopi co6e- 
paoTGE jijATh Il^apK) GOBiTu no Bonpooax'b AOOTEsesiE Hspa RaRi 

BHyTpE GTpaEU, TaRl E Sa JI.aJIBEeM'L BoCTORt, — JEDieEU OCHOBaEU. 

HifnepaTopi Boer^a OTpEi^aji npEEECiiBaeMUE OMy GTpeMJieHifl 
Btt^mEBaTbGE BO BByTpeEBiE A^jiA GOo^AHExi roGy^apoTBi. To^flO 
TaRi se noGTynnri ohi e b:e AaEsom. GJiy^a-b. Egjie se I^ap^ 
onpoGflrE ero Mfli^Hie, to paso^apyDTCE t%, ROTopue nojiaranra, 
^To EMnepaTopi 6yAeTi coB^TOBaTB EeBEEHaTejiLSoe OTEomeEie ri 
ofiin^aniflifE pe^opMi. IIojiaraiorL, ^to EnnepaToprB BKORaseTGH 

Bl TOH'b GHUCJli^, ^TO npeCTEaSl BJiaGTE E GEOROftOTBie Bl OTpafl*]^ 

MoryTi noROETLGE TOJiLRo sa nojEsoMi AOBipiE Meac^y MoHapxom 
s flapo^OHi. ^TQ RacaeTGfl Bonpoca o HEpt, to bodice nsBiGTEO, 
RaRoe SEBoe y^aGTie EimepaTopi npsEEJi^E bi npoABapETejiBEiix'B 
maraxi Ri MEpniiM'b neperoBopaMi. Bi BE^y dToro, uosso 6hith 
yB^peESHHi, ^To A^Jio MEpa TOJiBRo BUErpaen. OroyTOTBie rbese 
EiojiOBa E rpa^a JlaHSAop^a AORasuBaerB ^aGTBiifl e ApysecTBeB- 
Eufl xapaRTep^E GBEAasiE''. 

H T&Mi Ee MOEie, TpoBora asrjiifiGRofl e ^pani^yBCRoft npecoBi 
Ee yjierjiaGB. MipoBUE goSutIe, sue^ npE6jiEsaion^iflGE k% pime- 
siio E Ea 6ep6rax'B Tnxaro OReaEa, e bi nyqnsaxi rjiy6oRa 
BBBOJiBOBaBsaro BOJiERaro sapo^Haro oReaaa b% PoogIe, gtojie 
TftoEO OBEsasH 0% ESTopeoaHE Bcero i^EBEJiEBOBaBaaro Hipa, ^xa 
osEAAEie EeoacEAasEuxi oojiosseflifi rjiy6oRo BOJisyeTi e Tpeso- 
XBTL Eapo^H, sejiannue Hspa e eo sejiaioEue oojioasseBifi. 

E^Ba yjiaseEsufi EEi^EAesrB ci MapoRRO, BsesanBO EBEBmific^ 
yrpoBOK) MBpy no ESEiuaTEBi BEjiBrejiLHa II, y bg^xi sa naMETE. 



nOJIHTHKA. 101 



y. 

TlEBfljifiETh H8i-8a MapoRBO A^^flcTBHTejifcHO jjiaiKeHi Bi cyiii*- 
CTBeHHux'B qepiax'b. IIoGjii AOJirnxi neperoBopoBi, HHorAa 060- 
CTpflBinHxcji, cocTOfljiooL, HasoHei^'B, oorjiameHie. Oho 61U0 $opHy 
jiHpoBaHO Bi Hoii 4^paHi^y80Karo MHHHOTpa-npesH^^eHTa Pysbe rep- 
MaHOKOny nocjiy bi IlapHsi ehabh) PaAOJiHHy (on 8 inju) ojii* 
xyDO^aro oo^j^epsaHiji: 

„r. flocojiil npaBHTejibCTBO pecEy6jiHEH H8:b neperoBopoBi 
Meai^y npeAOTaBHreJUMH o6tvLX% OTpan^b y6tAHJiooB, ^to HMnepaTop- 
<ssoe npaBHTOJiLCTBO He naiiipeHo na npe^DOJioseHHoft cynanoMi 

• HapOKBCftHM'L EOH^^epOHI^iH npeCJitffOBaTB TaSHXl i^ijieSy BOTOpUX 

saiponyjiH 611 saKOEHHe HHTepecu $paH^iH vh STofl cTpanft, hjei 
CTOJUIH 6u vh npoTHBopinin ci opaBaMH ^paHi^iH, DpoHCTesaD- 
^^u[H H8I AoroBopoBi h HaxoAAii^BMHCii Vh nojiHOMi oorjiaoii «b 
cjift;^yK)ii^MH nojioseainMH: 

1) CyBepeHH£ui npaBa h HeaaBHOHiiooTL oyjixaHa; 

2) HenpHKOCHOBeHHooTL ero HunepiH; 

3) dsoHOMH^ecsafl CBo6oAa 6681 BCARaro HepaBOHOTBa; 

4) HeofixoAHMocTB nojHi^eficEHXi H ^HHaHcoBux'B pe^opm, 
BOTopuK AOJiSHu 6mB BBe^eHu Bi KpaT^aflmee BpeMa Mes^y 
Hopo^HHUifB corjiameHiem; 

5) npv8HaHie oco6aro nojioseHiff, 0O8^HHaro ji^si ^pani^iH bi 

MapoBBO rpaHHi^efl ci AjrisHpoMi, 6jiaroAapff ?eiiy Mes^y odtHMs 

cociAHBMH cTpaBaMH o6pa80Baj[HCB oco6iiiff OTHomeHiH, H $paH^i«[ 

DOJiy^HJia ooo6eHHufl HHTepeoi bi coxpaHemH MHpa h aopaASA bi 

MapofiKO. 

nodTOMy, npaBHTOJiBCTBO pecny6jiHBH ocTaBjiaerB oboe npesEi4i 

Bospaseaifl npoTEsi KOH^epeHi^iH e npHHEnaeTi npErjiameEie 

y^acTBOBaTL wh nei**. 

Toro se ^ECJia nocjii^AOBajii otb^tb beebe Pa^oJiEEa, noA- 
TBeps^annUft ais ycjiOBiE, a saTiM^b xoro se 8 Idjie Eoj^nEcaEO 
odiEME CTopoHanE E oorjiameEie cjiiAyK)n^aro co^epsKaEiE: 

^PepMaECBoe spaBETejibCTBo e npaBEiejiBCTBO peosyfixEBE 00- 
rxaoEXEOB: 

1. OAHOBpeMOEEO OTOBBaiL HaXOAE^^EGE Bl A&HEOO BpOME Bl 

^ei^i nocoxLOTBa cboh b^l TaEisepi, BaBi toxbbo BOE$epeE^iE 
oo6epeT<Mi; 

2. IIocoBiTOBaTL BMicTi repeal cbghx^l npeACTaBExexeS oyxTany 
MapoBBO BupafioTaTB ooeobhue noxosoEiE nporpaioiu npeAOTOEE^eft 

BOE$epeSIUE Ea rtXl OOEOBaHlEXl, BOXOpUE npEEETU 8 ilOXE 

1905 r. Eteei^EM^b nooxoui b% IlapEsi e $paEity80BSM:b ueee- 

CrpOHl EEOCXpaEEUXl A^Xl Bl SOiaXl, BCTOpUMH OEE o6MiEE' 

jracB*. 



102 PyCCSOB BOrATOTBO. 

FepifaHia corjiacHJiaGL Aaib $paHiuH AeKopai^iK) RaRoroxo 
ocofiaro nojioseHUi, Kani ooeijijsAy ho ho npHcoe^HHHB'E Ri 8TOH7 
AeKopyHj HHRaRoro oaiiaro HH^iosHaro npaBa. Bci ycTynsH, g;^- 
jiaHHUH ^paHiuefl, HTajuH, HcnamH h ocoSohho AnrjiiH, ?to6£i jRpt- 
nHTb cBoe noiosenie h CBoe npeoSja^aHie b-l MapoRRO, nponaxH^ 
AapoMi. 

,Politische Correspondenz* ooodn^aexi, ^to ^uoMaTHqecsie npe^^ 
craBHTejiH ^pasi^iH h FepifaHiH nojiy^HJiH yKaaaHk coo6m;HTL j(ep- 
xsaBaM^b oooTOflBmeMOA no Bonpooy MapoRRCRoft Ren^epeHiuB^ 
corjiaineHiH. 

OcTaeTCH en^e caiia ROH^epeHiUfl. 

EOJIH HaniHHTOA COOTHOmeHie OHJEI, HOSen H&HiKHTBCfl h co- 

pjiaineHie. Tojibro e;^a-jiH... 

PasBEBaeroA, uesjij Tim, HeyRocHHTejibHO aBoipo-BeHrepoRifr 

ROH^JIHRTl. 

HunepaTop^b npHHflJi^b 18 uoesl (1 Iidjea), ^^efiepsapH. 60 Bpemi 
ay^ieHi^iH o6Gy3KAaicji Bonpoci, vh RaRofl ^opui Moryrb 6hti ooy- 
n^ecTBjieHii yciynsH 668I onaoHociB ji^b aBTopHTera RopoHu. SaniMi 
HeMOAJieHHO ^eftepBapn npHrjiaoHJii Boixi Bos^eS o6ieAHHeHHOfi 
0E^08H^iH Ha coBt^aHie oiHOCHrejiBHO HSiiCRaHifl BOSMOSflaro roh- 
npoHHOca Mesj^ RopoHOio h napjiaiieHTOMi. Ropona roiOBa na ojii- 
Aynn^iH ycTynRH: nojiHaa cBo6oAa ^jih npoBeAenifl BHyrpenHHX'L 
pe^opMi; Ropona roxona npHHAXb npe^jioseHiji RoaJiHi^H RacaTejiBHo 

OT^tjILHOS TaHOSeHHOfl 06jiaGTH, nOGROJIBRy laROBUfl He BOrpiTflTl 

BaxpyffHeHiS go GTopoHu ABGipm; bi G^epi BoenHaro j^Jia RopoHa 
GorjiaoHa na ^aRyjEBxaTHBHoe nojiBaoBanie BeHrepGRHH'B hburomi 
Bi BoeHHOM^b GyAonpoHSBO^GTBi, a xaRse — na noJiHoe npoBeAeHie- 
xeppHxopiajiBHofi GHGxeMu; npH BHimHHX'b cHomemHxi oaBHuirB 
npeAGxaBHxejieH^b hjih ero santoxExejieMi BGer^a jifiJaoQWb 6iiXB 
seHPepei^'B, a o6jnfie MHHHGxepoxBO Mosexi 6uxb nepeHeoeHo b'b 
Ey^a-IIemxi. 3xo, RaRi fiy^xo, h oqeHB mhofo. UoGJiiAHflro BeHrepii[iii 
H He xpe6oBajiH. IIo oyn^eGXBy pasHorJiaGifl, o^^i^RO, ycxynoRi ro- 
pona He GA^Jajia HHRaRHx^b. 9xo GyI^eGXBo pasHOFJiaGifi rp. Ahhohbh, 
OAHHi HSi RpynH^aiHX'B rooyji^apGXBeHHHX'B ^Hxejiefi BenrpiH^ 
onpeA&iHexi xaRi: ^npaBHxejiBGXBo oxKasuBaexi bi OGyii^eGXBJieHiH 
GaMuxi GRpoHHux^b xpe6oBaHifl Hai^iH Bi o6jKaGXH op^aHH8a^iH 
BOflGRa, H (popMa dtnozo omnasa ev^e anaMeHameAburbey nrbMb comui^ 
ezo (panrnrb, Hmohho, Kopoua oenapueaerm npaeo Beuzpiu npe&b- 
HeAHmb nododnuH mpeSosaHin. BeHrpin npHnnpaexGH Ji% GX^Ht Bi 
BoeflHBix'B BonpoGaxi, H Hai^ifl jHmaexGH npana saHHMaxBGJi xaRo- 

BUMH« CjI^AOBaxeJIBHO, SA'i^GB pihHb ttdsfm He ROMaH^OBaHiH iio- 

BeHrepGRH, a comom^ eyy^ecmeoeaniu Benzpm, naia Hai^ioHaAbHaza 
zoeydapcmea, hjih se RaR^b aBGxpifiGROfl ^poBHH^iH''. 

npeAHeTx GHopa ^opHyxnpoBaHi hgho h oxqexjiHBo. He MyA- 
peHO noaxoMy, ^xo ynouHHyxoe Bbime GOBin^aHie roh^hxogb hoje- 
Hoi) HeyAa^en, h corjiamenie ho gogxohjiogb. TenepB 6opB6a nepemjia^ 



nOJIHTHKA. 108 

mfb napjiaiieHTa vh KOHHiaTii (^poBHH^iaJ[LHU4l cofipamji) h mjeh- 
iVinajEHTerii. 3th yHpesRAQHifl npeKpaTHjm npiewh HajioroBi, a bho- 
ceHHHe yse He nepe^^aiorb npaBHieucTBy, saKi HesaKOHHouy. Bi 
OTBin Ha 8T0, ^eflepnapH ony6jiBKOBaji!E ofipam^eHie ki MyflHipr- 
najEHTexaif'b, b% kotopom!b pimHTejiLHiiM^E ofipasoMi ocyasAaeT'L 
pesojiiDiuH OTHOoHTejiLHO naooHBHaro oonpoTHBieHia, saaBJEHfl, ^to 
npaBHTeiLCTBO 6y;^eTi neyKocHHTejiLHO yHH^TOsaTB Bct Mtponpiffria 
ropoAORHxi ynpaBieHifly nanpaBJieHHiixi ki ooymiecTBJieHii) nacoHB- 
Haro oonpoTHBJieHiji. 

Pi^meHiH MyHBiuinajiHTeTOBi omftHJiDTCH; hhhobhhkv, hxi 
HonojiHaioii^ie, oTCipaHHioTCH. TorAa ROHHTerb ooeAHHeHHoft onno- 
8HIUH nocraHOBBJii npH^^epsHBaTLCH naccHBHaro coopoTHBJieHifl 
H nopy^Hjn o^Hofl KOMMHcciH saHHTLCH pa8pa6oTROfl Bonpooa 
npoTeoTi npoiHBi A^KJiapaitLH ^eflepBapn, a BTopoS kohhhccIh — 
B£ipa6oTKofl eAHHOodpasifl bi op^aHH8a^iH naccHBHaro conpoxHBJieHiH 
H o6e8neqeHiH xixi KOMMyHajiiiHux'L ^hhobhhkob'l, soropue yBO- 
JieflH npaBHTejuoTBOM'B sa oo^yBciBie o6oTpyKiUH. OT^iJiBHiia Hy- 
HHimnajiLHM ofimHHH OTKasHBajiHCL yae on Bpyqeniji sanacHiin 
raHam npH8iiBHux!B OBH^tTenoTBi AJiH 0T6iiTiH y^e6HaF0 c6opa. 
#OHAi A^H ooAepsanifl ysoxeHHUXi ^hhobhhkobi cpasy aocthfe 
pa8Mipa 6ojAe "i^u Heo6xoAHMaro h 6HCTpo paoxerb. MHHHorpi 
K>CTH^iH Jlanifl saSajiJiOTHpoBafl'B Ha AOHOJiHHTejiBHiixi Bu6opaxi. 

BenrepoKaH Haipn BeAerb repoH^eoKyx) 6opL6y 8a gboid cBo6oAy> 
a „coiD8Ha4i* eS ABcxpin co6HpaeTCH noAA^psaxL aHTHKOHCTHiy- 
i^oHHoe opaBHxejnbOTBO. Hsi B^hu HpHXOAfln o tomi HepaAocTHUH 

BtOTH. 

MHHHCTp!E-npe8HAeHrL Fay^i saflSHjn wh napxaHeHTOsofl som- 
HHcoiH, 8aHaTofi BonpocoMi 061 OTHomeniflxi MesAy ABOxpieK) h 
BeHrpieD, hto, vb BHAy HeBosMosHocTH yjiaAHTB saROHOAaxejiLHiiMi 
nyxeifL pasHomoiH no Bonpocy AOJieBOM'b y^acxin ABCxpin h 
BenrplH vl o6ii^eH]fnepcRHX!B pacxoAax^b^ 06a npaBHTOJiBOXBa np nmjra 
Kh corjianieHiD coA'bflGXBOBaxB 01 19-ro idek 1905 r., ao OROH^a- 
xejCbHaro GorjiameHiH no 8T0My Bonpooy, o6maji'h pacxoAam nyxeni 
aBaHOOBi, soxopue 6jjijrh CA^JiaHu o6ohhh npaBHxexLcxBaMH Ha 
ocHOBaniH qnojiOBofl HopMu, oyn^eoxBOBaBmefl ao 8xoro MOHenxa. 
Hxo RaoaexoH xoproBUX'B neperoBopoBi ci HHOCTpaHHUHH rocy- 
AapcxBaMH, xo BenrepcRoe npaBHxejiBcxBO (x. e. $eSepBapH 0% xo- 
BapHH^tHH) corjiacHO BcxynHXB bb xasie neperoBopu, eojiH ohh 

ORasyXCH HeofixOAHMlIMH, nOA:b C06cXBeHH0ft OXBixOXBOHHOGXBK). B% 

BHAy dxoro, xoproBue neperoBopu cb IIlBefii^apieH) h EojirapieK) 
Ha^nyxoH bi fijiHsaflnieM'B 6yAyn^eM:b, h npaBHxejiiiCXBO npeAGxaBHxi 
naoiax^ 8aROHonpoeRXi, xpe6yI)^^fi npeAOCxaBjreHifl eMy npana Bpe« 
MOHHO yjiaAHXB xoproBiiH oxHomeniH 0% o6ohhh rocyAapoxBaHH. 

Sax^Mi, oxBtqaH na 8anpoG'B, Fay^i CRa8aji:b: ^IIpaBHxejtBGXBO 
y6iag^eH0, ^xo Hixi HHKaRoro ooHOBaniH AynaxB, 6yAxo HGniixaH- 



104 P700K01 BOFATOTBO. 

HUH ocHOBu, Ha ROTopni noKOHTCfl o6n^eHMnepcKajr apiiifl, Moryrb 
611TL noKOJiefijieHu". 

25 iDjul npoHcxoAHJO nocji^AHee nepe^'B KaHHRymiH saciAaHie 
najiaTBi jifiEjTHTOvb, EojiBmRHCTBOH'E 161 rojiocoB^E npoTHBi 9 npH 
HJiTo HeOTjrosHoe npe;i;jioseHie npaBHTejiLOTBa, ^to6h, — 0% n^xhV) He 
611TL BaoTHTHyTuiTB BpaoHJioxi co6£iTiHMH Bi BoHrpiH, — napjianeHn 
6hijrh coBBaHi HeMeAJieHHO bi tomi ojiy^at, ecJiH bi stomi 6j]s<bTh 

COBHaHa He«6X0AHM0GTB. JifiUJTSLTh FpOOC^E OTh HMeHH TepHaHCKHXl 

napTit npHrjEaGHJii npaBHiejiLGTBO npHroTOBHTLon no OTHomeHiiD k% 
BeHrpin so bc^m^e cjiy^afiHOCTHU'b. IIpej^JioseHie 6HJ10 npHHHTO 

BHaqHTOJILHUMl 6ojn»mHHOTB01l'E. 

9th nocTanoBjieHiJi ^BHaqnTeJiBHiiM'L 6ojibniHHCTBOMi'' — neqaiB 
Hue CHMnTOMu noJiHTH^eosaro s^opoBBH aBOTpo-BenrepoKaro roey- 
;p[apGTBa. 

niBeAO-HopBeasosifi koh^^jihetl, ROTopufl KasaJiOH ysse no cyn^e- 
GTBy yjiaseHHBiii'B, ouhtb H^CEOJibKO ociosHfleTCA, H B% niseipi 
ooctOHJiHCb p^meniA^ sa^Bann^H h ^octobhctbo^ h HHTepecu Hop- 
BeriH. 

JlH6epaj[BHoe HHHHCTepcTBo PaMOTe^a 6ujlo okjeohho paoToprHyn 
ynlK) h coBBajio pHKCAan^ qTo6H nojiy^TB nojiHOMOiiH a^a OTspuxis 
neperoBopoBi cb HopBesi^aMH. 14 (27) Idhh BTopan najiaTa pHKC^ara 
nepe^ajia npaBHiejiBOTBeHHiifl saKOHOiipoeKT'B oiHOCHTejiBHO nepe- 
roBopoBi cb HopBescKHM'B cTopTHHroifB Ha paBCMOTp^Hie oco6od 

KOHHHGCiH. 

OxBi^qaji bi najiai^ na pasHiia saM^qaHifl h BanpoGH Aenyxa- 
TOBi, MHHHGipi K)GTH^i^ GKasajii, ?T0 cynneGTByeTB nojiHan gojih- 
ffapnoGTB OTHOGHiejiLHO Toro, 9T0 He GJiijj^yeTB npHHys^aTL Hop- 
BeriK) Ri AajiBHUmeiiy y^acTiH) b'b yniH ghjiod. "^to RaoaeTGii 
yGJOBifi, ROTopuH ji,ojL7REu 6uTB npe^GTaBJieHH niBeujieio, TO no 
GJiiAHflfl He AOJisna ^^jiaTB Henpeo^ojiHMBix'B BaipyAHenifi; ho, gi 
jq^jroi GTopoHBi, j^ojeibhh 611TB oxpaneHii npaBOBue HHTepecBi 
I^BeI^H. SaxiifB MHHHGTpi BUGxynHJH npoTHBi ynpeRa, 6yAT0 npa- 

BHTeJILGTBeHHilft BaROHOHpoeRTB npeAGTaBJIflJH GO60H) aRTl GJiaCOGTH. 
Hao6opOTl, Bl ^aHHOMl GJiy^at npHXO^HTGH HH^TB A^JIO Gl GOBOp- 

meHHo npoTHBonojEosHUMH HBJieHiHMH. EcjiH 6u npaBHTGJiBGTBo no- 
lepfljio xjiaAHORpoBie h npnGJiymajioGB Ri MHoro^HGjeHHHX'b rojo- 
cam, BupasaBmnifB neffOBOJiBGTBo h oBJio6jieHie, to oho GTynHJio 
6h Ha onaGHuS nyTB. 

3tO H 6uJl'h TOTb HOMOHTl, ROFJ^a MOSHO 6HJrO G^HTaTB, ?T0 

rjiaBHoe, ecjiH ne yjiaaseHo, 'fo yjiasHBaeTGH. Mexj[j Tim, 18 iK)HH 
(1 iDJifl), OTi HMeHH 68 qjieEOBi nepBofi najiaTU h 30 — ^BTopofl 
BHeGeHo npe^JioseHie o6:b aGGHrnoBaHin npaBHTejiBGTBy 100 xhje- 

JliOHOB'b RpOHl, JSJA6u OHO, B% GJiy^at Heo6xOAHllOGTH, MOrJIO BO 

BGHRoe BpeMH npHHHTB GOOTBiTGTByun^iH ni^pbi. 3to npeAJiOsenie 
aGGHrnoBaTL Rpe^HTTB Ha BoennHa npHroxoBJieHiH oCnapysHJiOy tto 
Bi Gpe^i o6tBTh najiarB ogtb GHJiiiHoe moBHHHGTGRoe Te^enie. 



nOJIHTHKA. 105 

OKopo OKasajiooB, ^to 8to TeqeHie nojiyqHJio npeo6jiaAaHie. Romh- 
TerL pncffara npe^cTaBEJii AOKJiajrB. B% ;p[OKjiaAt otomi npe^Jia- 
raercji pHKC^ary aaABHTb, ^to npaBHieJiLOTBeHHiiS npoesn He ho- 
seTL 6uTh npHHim b% tomi BHffi, Bi KaKOMi OHi npescTaajieHi 
pHSc^ary. Snbwh soMMHOoia npe;p[JiaraeirB pHEG^ary BBicsasaTLCJi 
Bi TOMi cMucjit, ^T^} OHi HB juK^eTh BoapasoHifl npOTHBl BCTyn- 
jieHiir vh neperoBopii no Bonpooy 061 ynpasj^HemH ymH, eojni hobo- 
H86paHHiifl CTopTHHFE noTpe6yeTi paoTopseniH ooejiHHHTejiBHaro 
asra h yopasi^HeHiH yniH, hjih eojiH Tpe6oBaHie bi otomi ciiucjit 
<SyfferE apexcTaBJieHO HopBerieio nooxt Toro, saKi HopBescxit 
vapoi^'L BKCKaseiCH nyieM^E napoAHaro rojiocoBaHifl sa ynpasjtHe- 
Hie yHiH. 

KpoMi 8Toro, soMMHccifl npeAJiaraeTb maei^iH BUCTynHn co 
eJii^yniKHHH ooo6iiMH TpefioBaHiHMH bi cjryqa^ ynpasAHeHin yHii. 

Bo oepBuxi, Ha RasRAofl oTopoHi nsHofl ^acTH rpaHHi^u MeaE^y 
060HMH rocy^apoTBaiiH onpex'i^jifleTGff paioHi, bi npexi^jaxi koto* 
paro AOJiSHU 6uTh CHeceHu Kpi^nocTH, npH^eifB bobboahtb hobim 
ysptajieHiji aojisho 6uTh Bocnpen^eno. 

Bo-BTopuxi, aojisho 6s]ti> yoTaHOBJieHO npaso naGTL6£[ j^jm 
ojieHefl mBOAGSHX'b jianjiaH^iiieB'L bi otBepnofl ^acTH HopBeriH. 

Bi TpeibHX'b, TpaHSHTHaji ToproBJiH Bi o6tHX'b CTpanaxi ^ojusHa 
6iiTb oSesne^oHa OTb bobmoshux^l noMix'b h saTpyji^HeHifi. 

Bi-^eiBepTHxi, npaBOBHir oTHomeHifl mseiUH ri HHocTpan- 
Hfiim ffepsaBaMx j^ojishu 6utb BHacneHu TaRHMi o6pa80Hi, qTo^u 
nojiHaa CBoSo^a IQBeiuH oti oTBtTCTBOHHOCTH 8a HopBerin nepeA'i> 
^yrHHH roGyAapoTBaMH CTOflJia snt BGHRaro coMHi^Hiir. 

RoMMHcoifl c^HTaeTi sejaxeJiBHfiiM'B BaRjmo^eHie GorjiameHin 
TpeTeftcKOHi Gyfft 0% HopBerieio, ho ho no Bonpocy 061 ynpasji; 
HeHin yniH. 3ai4M:b ROMMHGciH npe^JiaraeT'E ynojiHOMo^HTL 6K)po, 
BaBij^ynn^ee rooyAapcTBeHHiiMH AOJiraHH, npH6i^rHyrii kl Rpej^Hxy 

HJIH BafiMy B'b paBMipi 100 UHJrJtiOHOB'B RpoHx. JleHLrH bth aojisbki 

6uTh, corjiacHO nocTanoBJieHiK) pHRC^ara, ynoTpe6jieHu na nojixo 
TOBJieniH, ROTopufl MOryTi ORaaaTLCH Heo6xoflHMHiiH bi CHJiy o6ct(>- 
jiTejnoTB'B, BUBBannuxi cosBaHieMi ^peaBu^afiHofl ceGGin pHRG^ara. 

HaKonei^i, ROMMHCGiH saHBJiHeTrby ^0 bi GJiy^ai bobmoshuxi 
neperoBopoBi Heo6xoAHMO TBop^o h onpe^i^JieHHo OTGTanBaTB bgo, 
RacaDD^eecH 6jiaroGOGTOXHifl h ;i;oGTOHHGTBa IIlBeipH, noGTanHBi dxo 
yGJiOBiem otm^hu GoeAHHHrejiLHaro anxa go GToponiii meei^iH h 
npHBHanifl HopneriH bi Ra^eoTBi caMOGTOHTexBHaro rocyAapoTBa. 

SaRjno^eHifl sroro AORxa^a 6hxh o;i;o6peHBi doxBrnHHOTBOifb 
pHKc^ara. Ra6HHeTi PauGTe^a BHmex^b b% oTOTaBRy. 

Tpe6oBaHie, ^0611 6hxh naBHa^eHii noBue Bu6opii h noBiifl 
GTopTHnrb no^Bep^xi ewHorjiaGHoe noGTanoBjieHie HHHiniHBro 
OTopTHHra, HXH ^ro6u Bonpooi o&l yniH 611x1 paspimeH'b nxe- 
(SHCi^HTon, flBXHexGH aRTom rpy6aro BMimaiexLOTBa bo BHyTpeHHiH 
Xixa HopBeriH, h ne go GXopoHii Roponii hxh o6niaro npaBHTOXb- 



106 PyOOKOl BOFATOTBO. 

cTBa, a CO oTopOHu mBeAGsaro pHSOffara, He HMton^aro h HHSorAa 
He HM^BHiaro HHKaEofl BJiacTHy HH KouneieHiiiiH Ha HopBescsofl 
TeppHTopin. 

Tpe6oBaHie opuriH KptnocTefl co oiopoHH fiojite CHJiLHoft niBe- 
lUH, o6pan^eHHoe k:e 6ojiie cjtafiofi HopseriH, yse HOCHn xapaRiepi 
KaKoS-TO rjiyxofi yrposu 6j]i,jmfiKj. 

OrHocHxejiBHO TpaHSHXHofl ToproBJiH H Bunaoa ojieHeft oorjia- 
meniH aojubhh 6h ooctohtlcji 00060 h He GMirnHBaemi oi BOHpo- 
coHi 061 jnin. 

OTHOCHTeiLHo BHeHaiJiiHiji Bi HopBeiiH aioro mBeACKaro bk- 
80Ba HM^em tojilko KopoieHLKyio TejierpaHMy: 

^XpHCTiaHifl, 13 (26) injiA. HopsescKaH ne^axL othoghtca kl 
ycjiOBifliiii, nocxaBJieHHBiM'E niBei^ieft, BecBMa oji^epsaHHO. YKasBi- 
BaeTca Ha to, ^to ptniHTejiBHoe cjiobo hosho 6jj!fin ORasan jramB 
nocjii npejtoTaBJieHiH 6ojiie noj^pofinuxi coofipasenifl h Kor^a dy^en 

H8BiCTeHl COOiaBl HOBarO MHHHCTepGTBa''. 

CooTBtTCTBeHHO no6ftA^ mBe^cKaro niOBHHHBMa, noHBHJiHOL cjii^- 
xynn^iH ne^ajiLHUfl coo6n^eHiH paBHuxi areHxcTBi: 

dcxepsyHA'B (niBeiaji), 17 (30) whh. IIo nojy^eHHHM'b Bjs/boh 
Hdi Jlj)OHTreflHa ^acTHum CB^A^HiflifE, Boflcxa HopBesoKofl apMiH 
Tpexi npHsuBOB'b OTOHTi TenepL no^i pyaKBem. 61 ho^b Ha 14 
iK)HH ymjiH JVh rpanni^i^ 2,000 ^ejiOB^K^E ntxoTM. Hsi J^poHTrefiiia 
OTnpaBJieHiii na dfb 65 BaroHOBi h 2 napoBOsa. 7 Bxo^a vh apoht- 
reSfifCKifl $iopAi cxajiH KaHonepsa h ^jioxHJiifl HHHOHOCAeB'B. 
(niBeA. ar.) 

XpHoxianiA, 17 (30) iioHH. ^HopBescRoe Tejierp. ArenxoxBo'' 
ofipaxHJiOGB Ki BoeHHOMy MHHHCxepGXBy 0% sanpoooMi no noBoj^y 
pasHHxi HSBicxifl HiBeAGSHX^E rasexi oxHOGHxejiBHO nepeABHSBHifi 
HopBescKvx^E BoficK^b H Mo6HJlH3a^iH HopBesGRoft apidH. BOGHHOe 

MHHHGXepSXBO OXB^XHJIO, TTO HSB^GXiH dXH COBCpnieHHO HeBtpHH, H 

^0 HaqaxH tojibro o6iiRHOBeHHiiH BoenHUH ynpasHeHifl. (Hop- 
BesGR. ar.). 

KapjiGRpona, 18 Iidhh (1 Idjih). IIlBeAGRafl 6eperoBa8 dGKa^pa 
Bumjia oxcioAa bi rexe6oprB, ci i^i^jiBH) nponsBecxH xaMi ManeBpu. 
(niBeACR. ar.). 

RoneHrareHi, 18 Idhh (1 iiojifl). 6:b 5 q. yxpa npomjiH 16 cy- 
AOB^b mBe^GRofl dCRa^pii^ nanpaBJiHHCB na ci^nepi (Boju^^b). (O A.). 

Xparoepi, 18 iioHa (1 iDJin). Bi 1 q. 30 h. nonojiynoiH saiii^- 
"leHi HanpaBJ[HK)n4fiGH na ci^Bopi mBe^oRifi ROHxp-B-jcHHOHOceiici. 
(BojrL$i»). 

CxoRTOJiBHi, 3 (16) iiojifl. no cjiOBaMi ^Aftonbladet'', 60JIB- 
maa qaoxB ^hhobi HixoxHuxi onoji^eHGRHX'B 6axaiEB0H0BB Hop- 
BesECRoft Gjiys6H, cosBaHHBDci AJUl o6£iqH£ix:b 6aTaj[B0HHiix'B ynpas- 
HeniS, oGxaexcH na GJiysdi b% CuaajieHeHi, xoxh HasBaHHue mwa, 
corjiacHo npesHHHi paGnopHseninM^b, aojishu 6bij[h 611 6iiTB pao- 
Hyn^eHU. 



nOJIHTHKA. 107 

BpaTOKie aapoffu oHOBa^ KaKi 67^x0, roTOBJiTOfl e:e Mes^o- 
yoo6iK)... ^a MEHyerB hxi aia ropLsaa carnal 

B'b GBflBH 0:E CKaHAHHaBOSHMH j^JiaMH OTHiTHMl 611(6 ffBa H8* 
BiCTifl. B0-n6pBIiIX'b, 80 ilOHfl (IS UOJUL) BI r6$JI6 (K)SHafi 11166- 

lUfl) Ha flXTi MHohenzoUern'' cootohjeool cBHAaHi6 Kopojia OcKapa 

H KpbHIipHHI^a Ch HUaepaTOpOHl BHJ[Br6J[BM0Ml. Bi BH^y Toro, 

HTO MHHHcrpi HHOCTpaHHux^E ]s,ijn> VtLjihjifiEmToxhne TaKse npH- 
cyTOTBOBajii npH OBH^aHiH, nocjiiAHeny npHAaiOTi nojiHTH?6CK06 
BHaqeHie. nMn6paTopi BHJBrojibMi II Boim HHTep6oy6TCfl, a t6- 
n6pB o6oTaHOBsa nesRAyHapoj^Hux^b ^jii xaKOBa, qio btotb hht6- 

p6G'b M0S6TI 61ITB ffaJI6K0 He nj[aT0HH<I60SHMl. 

Bo-BTopuxi, Bi JLoBjsflRi wb najiaxi ofin^HHi Xtbe^gowl BoyncB 

OnpOCHJIl, Hll4^6TL JIH npaBHTeJIBCTBO Bl BH^y^ SaKOe M0S6TI npoHB- 

BecTH AtflcTBie paoTopsenie yniH I^B6^iH c% HopB6ri6fi Ha oSasa- 
T6jiBCTBa, npHHflTUfl Ha cefifl BejiHRo6pHTafliefi bi ciaTbi 2 ^oro- 
Bopa 7 HOHfipH 1855 r., OTHOCHrenHO o668ae^6Hiji xeppHTopin ro- 
pojifl niBeipH H HopB6riH| ofiyoJiOBjiHBaiOH^aro, npn HajiH^HOoxH fls- 

BJ^CTHilXl o6CT0ffr6JIIi0TB'E, 6r0 Sail^HTy HOpCRHMH H B06HHUMH CH- 

jiaMH. noABeprnyTCH jih bth odnsaTejibCTBa HBiitHeHiio, vl ojyqai 
0TAiji6Hlff HopseriH otl lUBei^iH? BajiL^ypi otb^thjii, ^to^ bi 
GJiy^a^^ paoTopsenifl ymH iieasAT o6ohm£ oRaHAHHaBGRHiiB rocy^ap* 
crrBaMH, HSHJiacjb 6u HecoMH^HHO Heo6xoAHMocTL nepecMoipa fforo- 
Bopa 1855 r. duorh ^^oroBopi 6u3l% saKJOo^eH'L liesRAy ^pani^iefl 
H Anrjiefi 01 i(&ibk> o6e3ne?HTL otl Poccin xeppHTopiauHyH) ne* 
npHBOOHOBeHHOOTL ooeAHfleHHaro KopojieBciBa niBeiUH h HopBeriH. 



YI. 

Mu yse coo6n;ajiH rojuiaHACRHX'E Bufiopaxi h nopase- 
Hin ooeAHHeHHUxi ROHoepBaiopoBi. IlepeSajuiOTHpoBRa yTBepAHjia 
BTOiTL npHroBopi HB6HpaTexefl. GoeAHHeHHas Jiteaa paonojiaraerb 
52 FOJiooaMH (bi tomi ^HCJii 7 ooi^iaxHCiOBi), a soHoepBaTHBHas 
(noKa MHHHOTepcRaH) — 48. Bojibihhhctbo, RaRi bhaho, He npo^noe,. 
1 oTHaffeHie coAiajiHCTOBi Mosen Bcer^a ocTaBHTL JiH66pajiOB'B bi. 

HeHLmHHCTBi. 

Bi OT^eTHOMi Micfli^i npoHOxoAHjiH B£i6opBi H B^b Cep6iH. 
PeayjiBTaTi^ qjAjijdibjA: Bu6paHiii 78 RpaflHHx^b pa^HRajiOBi, 50 yiii- 
peHHKixi paAHRajioBi, 14 jiBdepaiOBi, 4 HanpeAHARa^ 2 coi^iajiv- 
oia, 1 HJieni RpeoTiHHCROfl napTin. IIpeACTOffrE 11 nepe6ajiJiOTH-^ 
poBOKi. IIpaBHTejibCTBo (Rpaflnie pa^HRajiBi) Euierh HOHte nojio- 
BHH£i rojocoBi B% cRynH^HH^, HO Mosers nojiy^HTB oj[a6oe 6oxb- 
HiHHCTBO^ ecjiH nepe6ajiJioTHpoBRH 6jjijTh any 6jiaronpiHTHu. J^jia 
nepedajuoTHpoBRH npaBHiexLCTBeHHiie pa^HRajiu ooeAHHHJiHGL ci 
iH6epajia]cv, a pa^HRajiu onnoBHipoHHue ($paR^ifl IlamH^a) o:b Ha- 
iipeAHHRaMH. ScJiH 3TH coDBBi 6j]ijTh npoAOJiseHu H nocji Bu6o- 



108 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

fOBl BHyTpH CaHOfl CRynmHHH, to MOSeTl GOCTaBHTbOA 60JlBniHH- 
CTBO KOaJIHI^iOHHOe HBl npaBHTeJILOTBeHHBIXl pa^HKaJIOBl H JIH6e- 

pajiOBi (rjiaBa EejiDKOBH^i). InfiepajiBi Korxa-TO npeffCTaBJifljiB oo- 
6oH) BejiHSooepScsyiD Bai^ioHajiLHyi) napiiio, MeqiaBinyD o cep6csoft 
rereMOHiH Ha 6ajiKaHCK0Hi nojiyooipoBi, o pojiH dajiEaHCKaro n&e- 
MOHTa, Bo rsaBi^ hxi ctoajii aHeprH^Huit narpiorB PHCTHqi. Bi 
1876 ro^y dTa BejiHKOcep6oRaA napxia noTepntjia Kpymeme, h ^^ojiro 
jiHinb orpoMHufl aBTopHxen PHorn^a saBajii onopy jiH66pajiBHot 
napTiH. MajEO-noMajiy, oj^naso, HapoABUfl Maoou ocTaBHjiH oTaparo 

BOSAfly H 01 HHMl OCTaJIHOL JIHmL HiKOTopue BJieneHTU SaSHTO^ 

Huxi ropoAGKHxt RjiacGOBi, Tasi ?T0 TenepB jrH6epajru — npo- 
OTO EyneiecRaA naprU. ]i,nsi consa ci hhhh npaBHTejiBCTBeHHHMS 
paAHKajiaHi npninjiocb 6ki OTEasaTbca oti npoBe^eHifl boarhxi 
cepLesHMXi j^eMORpaTH^ecRHXi MiponpisTifi. CaMH paji;HRaj[u abh- 

IHOL H BUpOCJlH HMeHHO, RaRl npOTHBOB^Gl BeJIHR0Gep6H8My^ H6T0- 

B^aBmeiry irajieHBRyK) Gipaey, HysAaBinyDGa bb Mspi h ^euospa- 
TB^eoRHxi pe^opMaxi. Bm%ci4 ci t^^%, napxia GTajia bi oddobh- 

I](iK) paCTO^HTejILHOGTH ROpOJIH MsJiaHa, ROTOpufl ee BOSHeHaBHA^JL'E 

s npoGJii^AOBajiii ^o GaHofl GMepTH. Tojebro gi saAemeHi 06peH0BH- 
qefl pa^HRajiH, a^bho yjse saBoeBaBmie GEHnaTii) 6ojiBniHHGTBa, no- 

JIJHSLJIE B08M0SH0CTB Ji;i^TeJIBHOGTH, HO RaRl paS'B TyTB HpOBBO 

mejii paGROJii. 05t ^paRiUH^ Biii^CT^ BsaTua, GooTaBjrflJiH bi npom- 
jioS cRynn^HHi h GOGTaBJiaioTi bi bhobb H86paHHofl no^aBMioniee 

60JIBniHHGTB0, HO paSAOpU BOKJlfii Hi^maiOrB GOBMtGXHOMy JlifiOTBiX). 

EfpaB^a, ecTB . en^e GxapHRi Fpyn^'B, nojiB8yioii];iflGfl nonyjifirpHOCTBio 

BB 06tHXl ^paRipHXl, HO HBHaBEGTB BOSaROBl HpaBHTeJIBCTBeH- 

HMXi paAHRajiOB'B Ri namely, Bomjsjo pas;HRajiOB'B onnosni^ioHHux'B, 
oqeHB saTpy^HfleTB R0H6HHauiH) MHHHGTepcTBa FpyH^a. Boshosho 
noaiOHy, qxo npaBHxejiBGTBeHHBie pa^HRajiiJ npeAnoTryxi gok)8i gb 

EeJIIOROBHqeM'B H erO GTOpOHHHRaMH. 3tOTB GOIOBI EJ[H HHHHGTep- 

GTBO Fpyn^a — xaROBa AHJieHMa ROHGTHTyii;ioHHaro pimeniH RpHSHGa, 
Bijmeji;]naro hsi Bii6opoBB. BipoflXHo, ^o o^na hbi bxhxi rom6h- 
Haiufi H ocy^^ecxBHxcH, noxoMy ^xo js,o chxi nopi RopojB Ilexp^B 
^epsajiGfl ROHGTHxyi^ioHHaro o6pa8a jui^fiGXBifi, ho axa npaRXHRa xaRB 
en^e Henpo;i;ojisHxejiBHa, qxo BHOJiHi nojiaraxBGH Ha nee HeBOSMOSHO. 
Ha^o, nodxoMy, hh^^tb bb BH^y, ogjih ne Bi^poHXHOGXB, xo bobmos- 
HOGXB xpexBefl ROHfiHHai^iH, jiH^Haro BMtmaxejiBGXBa RopojiH. Ha^o 
HOMHHXB, ?xo Gi yMajieHieM'B aBXopnxexa PoggIh^ Bjatinnie AnoxpiH 
j^oJiSHO 6u]io HeMHHyeMO ghjibho BOspacxH, a paAHRajEBHan napxin 
HHRor^a He Bnymajia BiHGRHMi AHnjioMaxaMi ^OBipin. Koh^^jihrxi 
G'B Benrpiefi ox^aGXH napajiEByexi npeAnpiHMqnBOGXB aBGxpiSGRoft 
^HnjioMaxiH, h noxoiiy-xo, G^nxaHGB gb bobmoshocxbk) Jin^Haro BMi^- 
maxejBGXBa Ropojia nexpa, hu BGexaRH 9xy bobmoshogxb noRa He 
Hosem HasBaxB BtpoaxHOGXBK). H ^^wh OGxpie 6yAexB pasBH 
BaxBGH ROH^jiHRTi AfioxpiH G'B BeHTpiefi, H niwh ORop'be POGGiH 
jiHSBH;i;HpyerB gboh ;n;ajiBHOBOGxo?HHH Heo^aGxin, rkwh bobmoshootb 



nOJIHTHRA. 109 

HapymeHU npasHJiiHaro le^emfl cep6csofl KOHCTSTyiuoHHofi shbhs 
6jjsfirh cTaHOBHXBOJi Bce Henie BtpoarHOK). 

Bo $paHiUH 19 iDHA (2 ijojlh) aajiaTa A^nyxaiOBi npHHa^a 
6oi[BmHHCTB0M'B 341 npoTHBi 283 rojiOGOB'B BeoB sasoHonpoeKT'fc 
061 oTAtjieHiH n;epKBH on rocyAapcTBa. Bcji^a*^ saTJ^Mi npHHATuft 
najiaTOD saKOHonpoeKi^ 6ujli nepenaai 3% ceHaTi. 28 iioHfl (11 iiojia) 
cenaTx HsSpajii kohmhccIi) no Bonpooy o6i OT^tjeHiH i^epKBH ots 
rocy^apcTBa. npoTHBi OT^tJieHia — ^eTsepo ^jienoBi, sa nero qe - 
TupHaAi^aTi (h81 ^HCJia nxi fltooiopue npHHHMaioT'B apoeKTS 
Bi HaMtHeHHOMi najiaTOH), bi jEfiepaJiBHOMi CHucjit, bh;^). Ta- 
KHMi o6pa30M'L, XOTH 6ki h CI Hi^KOTopuHH Hsiii^HeHiflMH, OAo6pe- 
Hie saKOHonpoeKTa BaoJiHt o6e8ae?eHo. Ceocia ^paHaj^BCRaro nap- 
jiaiceHTa saspuTa, h ceHan aaflueTca aTHMi orponHum Bonpoooii'b 
ooeHLK). Rs% najiaTu npoesTi noojit TpexHi^caqHHXi A66aTOB'b bh- 
meji'b BHa^HTejibHO flsn^HeHHUHi. HecoMHtHHO, H oenairE otho- 
cexcH ch TtMi se oepBesHUM^E BflHiiaHieMi ri BejiHRoxy A^Jiy, 
nepenie;i;nieMy bi ero pyRH. noaTOMy, Tonepb 6ujio 6u npes^e- 
BpeneHHo cyAHTL o npoeRT^^. Ohi en^e ne cosp^Jii. Mh BOSBpa- 
THxca Ri neny^ Ror^a owh 6yAeTi coBOpmeHHo roTOBi, noSuBaei, 
Btpofliao en^e ne HOHie oji^Horo paaa, b'b najiait n onaxB bi ce- 
Harft, 6uTB MOserE, h 6oshme o^noro pasa. 

B% AnrjUH bi naiaxt odn^QHi MHHHCTepcTBo EajiL^ypa noiep- 
nijio nopaseHie no Bonpocy o npHMtseHiH HpjiaHACRaro arpap- 
naro saRona. UpeAJioseHie apjiaHAGRaro napjiaM. Bommi Pe^- 
MOHAa, noAA^poaHHOe JiH6epajiaHH h BupamaBmee HeoAo6peHie 
o6pa8y A^floTBia npaBHTejiiiCTBa, 6iiJio npHHaxo 6oj[bniHHGTBOM's 
199 roJioooB'L apoTHBi 196. IIpaBAa, bi 6ja[Bsaflineai'B saci^AAHia, RyAa 

MEHHCXepCTBO yCEJieHEO OOSUBaJIO CBOHXl GXOpOHHEROB'b, OHO UOJiy- 

^HJio Boxyjui AOBtpia a ocxaxooB npa BJiaoxa. OAaaRO^ aai^aAeaxi a 
nocjii^ BToro EM^exi cepBesaoe sna^eaie, yRasuaaa, vro Haaa' 
oxepcRoe SoaBmaacxBO noxepajio yoxofl^aaocxB nepaaro ape- 
Moaa CBoero cymieoxBOBaaia, RorAa noAofiaufi cjiyqafl Cuji'b 
spaMO aeBOBHOseai. C% Tix'L nopi, AonojiaaxejiBHue Bii6opH 
aaaqaxejiLHo yoajiaia ^aoieaaooxB onnosai^ia, a ^aojreaaooxB 
MaaacxepoRofl napxia noAopaaaa en^e a nojiypacROJioMi b% ea 
opeA'by noxoMy ^xo HeHajio^aojieaHaa rpynna RoacepBaxopoai- 
^paxpoAepoBi cuoxpaxi ci aeAOBtpieMi aa MaaacxepoRyx) nojia- 
xaay a npeAQO^axaexi ae y^acxaoaaxB bi saoiAAHiaxi a ae npa- 
EHxaxB oxBl^xcxBeaaooxa sa HaaacxepoRyH) nojaxaay. Bonpoci o 
paonymeaia naxaxu a aoBuxi reaepaxBauxi Bu6opaxi aasptBaexi 
Boe 6ojiBme a 6ojiBnie. EABa Jia en^e aojifo oyntexi BajiL^yp'B 
oxxaraaaxB oxi o6pan^eBia r'b oxpaai, noxoaiy qxo aoe yRptnjiax)- 
a^eeoa Mai^aie o aeoAo6peaiB oxpaaox) MaaaoxepcRofl nojiaxBKajia- 
Biaexi npaaaxejiLGTBO aaxopaxexa, oco6eaao aeoSxoAaaaro b:e a^- 
Jiaxi aaocTpaaBuxi, auat cxojib cjfosaux'B a onacBEix'B, 6pocaD- 
^axi orpoMayx) x^bb aa 6jjijjn,ee aapoAOBi aoero Mipa. Boxi^ 



110 pyOOROl BOrATOTBO. 

Banp., ^ero otohte oahe cjit^yioniiafl Tejierpaniia: „Hlk)-Iopri, 17 
iSO) uoEX. Ho GB^A^Hiaifb ^Son" ewb JIoflAOBa, BecBMa ocBi^OM- 
jieBBiiifl jmnjLouATh coo6n^HJrE, ^to xeEcxi apexnoJiaraeMaro aHrjuo* 
KBOHCKaro AoroBopa OROBqaxejiBBO BupafioiaHi. BecLna bobmosho, 
^To owb 6YJifiT'h Bi cKopoMi BpeacoHH onyfijiHSOBavL. TeEOTi^ bbi- 
pa6oTaBi, HO Ha^o ero saKOH^HTB, noAiiHcaTB h paTH^BKOBaxB, a 
AJia 8Toro Hysea 6eByGJiOBHafl yBipeHHOCTB bi ^OBtpiH Hai^iH*. 
KaRoro orpoMHaro SHaqeHifl soapocu CBflsanH ci dXHifL ^oroBo* 
pom, BH^Ho Hdi HtKOTopun cjiyxoBi ero coAepoaniH^ npoHHs- 
mnxi Bi ne^aTB. 

Gnei^iajibHiifl KoppecaoHffeHirb HxaJiBflHOKofi raseiBi „ Memento^ 
Tejie^OHHpoBajii hsi PeHyH OT^en 6ec%Au, KOTopyio ohi Hutjii 
ci o^BBMi HSi qjEeHOBi CBHTU flHOHCRaro npHHi];a ApHcyraBU. 
JIhi^o 8T0 sajiBHJEO, ^TO TJiaBHofl i^tjiBK) nyxemecTBia npHHi^a 
ApHoyraBH bb Eapony 6hjio BosodsoBJieHie aHrjo-AHOHCRaro ^oro- 
Bopa. HoBuS AoroBopB (t. e. npoeKTi) daKJiEoqaexi bi ce6t 6ojite 
onpeAtjieHHUfl h xo^hua nocxasoBJieHiJi. AaoHia oSasyexcfl sao^- 
n^axB H noA^epsHBaxB anrjdfioRie HHxepeou b:b npeA^^Jiaxi RBxai- 
CRHXi bo^^b; AnrjiiA se oxsoBexB qaoxB Horyn^ecxBeHHaro ^Jioxa, 
KOTopuS OHa GOAepiEHXB xenepB bi Thxom'b OKeant. Aarjiifl, ob 

GBOeft GXOpOHU, 06A8yeXGA nOAAepSBHBaXB nOJIHXH^eGKJH) H 9K0H0- 

MHqeGsyK) ji^tflxejiBHOGXB HnoHiH bb MaH^sypia, Kopet h EHxat. 
HeMOAJieHHo no OKOHqaHiH boSbei HaoHiA nomjrexi bb KHxafl saa 

HHXeJIBHOe IBGJIO GBOHXB O^HE^epOBB, CB I^JIBK) pOOpraHHSOBaXB KH- 

xaflGsyio apHiio. Anrjufl rapauxHpyexB oxpaay axoro ujiaHa oxb 
npHxasanifl j^pyrnxi A^psaBi, OGo6eHHO FepifaHiH, Koxopaji cana 
GxpeMHJiacB B&inojiHHXB ynoMflHyxyio npeo6pa30BaxejiBHyK) pa6oxy. 
JIhii;o, gb KOxopuMi 6eGt;i[0B&i:B KbppeonoHji[eHrB, Ao6aBHJio, hxo 
GorjiameHie g:b AHrjiieS 6ujio ^ocxHrHyxo 6iiGxpo, 6681 ooo6ux'b sa- 
xpyffHenifl. 

TenepB, Ror^a, RaRi Bume yRasano, KHxafl pyROBOAcxByexon 

COBtxaHH BO BGJIKOIIB GJiy^ai He HHOHGKHKH H He 6pHXaHGKHIiH, 

BtpoflXHi^e BGero — ntiiei^KHMH, Bxopan nojiOBHaa anrjio-flnoHGKol 
nporpaMMH^ RaRi ona xojibro ^xo npHBOAeHa co gjobb ^Memeato', 

MOSerB ORasaXBOfl OVOHB H O^OHB OXBiXOXBeHHOH). 

He MtniaexB npHHAXB bo BHHMaHie Bi Bucniefi GieneHH sasHoe 
HBBi^Gxie H8B IlapHsa, qxo AemanejiB, npesH^^eHxi napjiaiieHxcKoi 

ROMMHGCiH HO HHOGXpaHHBIMl A'^JiaMB, 06paXHJIGJI KB PySLe CB 

gdHGBMOMB, BB KoxopoxB H8JI0SHJIB oAffjJomSsi HOJioaceHifl, OAo6peH- 
HBTH ROMMHCGiefl: 1) CHa6AHXB ry6epHaxopa HHAO-KHxax hojihomo- 

^IhHH no BOHpOGaMB XeppHXOpiaJlBHOfi H MOpGKOS 060p0H£< ROJEO- 

hIh; 2) nopyqHXB roEepajiy Byapeny naji^BopB sa xyseMHiiMH boI- 
GRaMH; 3) noxpe6oBaxB Heo6xoAHMue RpeAHxii js^a o6opyAOBaHi< 
apGenajia bb CairoHi^ b'b xofl Mipi^, ^xo6h ohb oxai^ajii bc^^mb 
Moryi^HHi B08HHKHyxB xpe6oBafliifMB; 4) peHOHxvpoBaxB eyxa k 

*06opyAOBaXB BO^MB He06X0;^M£IMB GXOHHKH rjiaBHofl $paHiiy80K0l 



nOJIHTHKA. Ill 

acKi^^pu Bi ore^eGTBeHHBixi boaaxi; 5) cooacoBaxB ^panuyscKie 
flHTepecH VL KHxai h Ha ^ajEBHem^ Boctoe^ gi HHTepecaxH AHrjiiH, 
01 iitJiLK) rapaHTHpoaaTB hmi status quo, zdji% na ofmi, TaKi 
paBHO H Bi KnTaflcKOMi Mopi; 6) Hsy^HTB V no;i;roTOBHTB npaMua 
ToproBUfl OHomeHifl icesBAy HHAO-KHiaeMi v flnoHieS h ycTaHOBHT& 
6ojAq TioHiiff dROHOMEqeofiiA oTHomeHiA ci flnoHiefl; 7) boAth b% 
corjameHie ci Aerjiiefl h y6i^AHTB CiaMi OTsasaTLCfl oti^ Boopy- 
seHiji H wh A^flcTBHTejiBHOCTH HeflrpajiHSOBaTL j^ojTHHy MeHaMa; 
8) o8a6oTHTLCJi BOSBejj^eHieH'E o6opohht6J[lhbix'b coopyseHifl vh 
J[aKRapi. 

O^eBH^flOy Bi BH^i npaMoro JioojA]SfiTBia pycoRO^AnoHCRofl 
BoflHBi, noAroTOBJiaeTon nojiHaa neperpynoHpoBRa BejiHKOAepsaB- 

HUXl CHJIl. 

C'L 8T0fl T09RH Spi^HiH, H 0C06eHH0 eOJIH nOMHHTB HOBOfl HO- 

jiHTHKt EHTaa, npio6p%TaK)r& fiojbinofi HHTepeci h MHoro^HGjieHH£ui 
€Oo6ii^eHifl 061 aHTH-aifepHRaHCKOMi ABHsemn bi KHxat. HsBicTHO, 
^TO Bi GoeAHHeHHHX'B niiaTaxi, oco6eHHO bi sanaAHUxi mTaxaxi 
(KajiH^opHiH, OperoHi h aP-)* RHxaflau o^eHL orpaHHqeHU bi npa- 
Baxi.. IIpaBO BiisAa ho^te BocnpeimeHO. HsAaHsi nocTanoBjieHifl 
^ase 061 o6pa8% shbhh KHTafli^eBi, ci lii^JiiBK) noBUCHTB ctohmogtb 

2BH8HH H T^^Ml 0CJ[a6HTB ROHRyppeHI^K), ROTOpyH) RHXafll^U A^JiaKXTL 

(Si^jiuiii pafio^HMi, npHBUKmHifB rb Jiyqnieiiy, a cjitAOBaTenBHO — h 
6ojAe AoporoMy ofipaay skhshh. 9to BpasffeSnoe RHxafli^aifB saRO- 
HOAaTejDtBCTBO He BXOAHTB A&se BB ROMneTBHiiiE) BamHHrroHCRaro 
npaBHTeJiBGTBa, noTOMy ^to, npn mnpoRofl A^x^eHTpajrasaiiiH aHepn- 
RancKaro rocyAapcTBeHHaro oipoA, dXH Bonpocu bxoahti bb o$epy 

R0MneT6HIUH SaROHOAaTeJIBHHXB 606paHifl OTAtjDtBHBIXB mTaTOBB. He 

TOJiBSO npesHAeHirB pecnydjERH, ho h ROHrpeccB ne hm^dtb npasa 
BMtmHBaTBCJi Vh saROHOAaiejiBCTBO ota^jibhux'b HiTaTOBB, ecjTH oho 
He Hapymaen ROHCXHTyiun. Hafti^HTBCH sse, ?to sanaAHue mTaTU, r^t 
pa6oHee Sojebhihhctbo naoejieHiH cTpa^aexB on nanjuiBa RHrafiiieB'B, 

OTHtHHTl HJIH OMflrqaTI^ CBOe aHTHRHTaflCROe SaROHOAaTeJIBGTBOy RO- 

He^HO, HeBOBHOSHo. Bapo^eMB, H caMO i^eHTpajiBHoe npaBHTejibCTBO 
aiiepHRaHCROfl pecny6j[HRH bb 3tom:b Bonpooi coJiHAapHo oi iipaBH- 
TOJiBCTBaHH sanaAHBixB miaTOBB, mo oco6eHHO npRO o6HapysH- 
Baexofl cjii^AyDn^eK) TejcerpamfOK): 

^IleRHHB, 15 (28) iioHH. AMepHRaHi^u pacnpocTpaHHJiH Ha Ta- 
BaficRie H $HjiHnnHHCRie ocxpoBa saHOHB, Bocnpen^aion^fl HMMHrpa- 
ipiD RHTafli^eBi Ha aMepHRaHCRyi) TeppHTopiio''. 

3anpen];eHie HMMHrpai^iH aa ^HJiHnnHHaxB 6yAeTB o^eHB ^yBcxBE- 
xeJiBHO. 9to o6inHpHafl Teppnropiji, Hajio nacejieHHaA, noAxoA^n^aro 

RJIHHaTa. H BOTl, RaRB OXrOJIOCORl 8T0fl aMepHRaHCRofl HOTepnE- 

MOOTE r:b RHTafli^aM'By Ha^ajiacB bi EHxat aHTHaMepHRaHCRaA arE- 
Tai^ia, b:b nocjiiAHee BpeMA o^eHB pasrop'&einaACE. Bon nocjiiAHiE 
^aH6ojiie EHTepecHUE EdBtcTia: 

nesanrB, 16 (29) iioHE (Information). FjiaBHiftoiie REraflGRie 



112 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

synipi p^niHJiH HajosHTB sanpen^eHie he bc% aiiepHKaHOKie TOBapu^ 
AO T^vh nopi, nosa CoeffHeeHHue IIlTaTu He orpaHH^arb sanoHi, 
Bocnpeiiiaioiiufl KHiafli^airB ^ocTyirb ea aMepHKaHcsyio TeppHTopiio. 

IIapH«l^ 6(13) iK)JIfl. DoOJiaHHHKl CoeffHHeHHHX% inTaT0BlB1» 

IlesHHi nojiyqEjn* HHCTpyR^iH)— cA^jiaTL KHTaflcKOMy npaBHTencTBy 
B08M02KHO oCmHpHHfl ycTyBKH, ^To6hi npeKpaiHTB 6ofiK0Tl RHTafi- 
i^aMH ancepHKaHCKHXi TOBapoBi. OaaGaH)TCji, qxo KHTaficKoe npaBH- 
TejnbCTBO yse He b^l cocTOAHin ocTanoBHTB jifiExeuisi, 

Thhb-IIbhhb, 9 (21) iiojui. EoflKOTHpoBanie aMepHKaHOKHX'b to- 
BapoBi B'L DSHOH^b KHTat Be^eTca BecbMa BHeprH^HO. Ha ciBep'b^ 
SBHseeie eojxjabjiuqtcsi BEqe-Kopojiexi K)aHinHKaeH'B. MesAy kh- 
TafloKHMH raseTaMH bo Bcefl HMnepiH cyn^eoTByerb no 8T0Hy Bonpooy 
nojiHoe e^HHOAyniie; b^l nepauS pasi bi EnTai apoABEJiocL e;n;HH- 
GTBO HaiUH, — Bi 8T0M!E H saKjno^aeTCH rjiaBHoe SHa^eHie 6oflKOTa. 

Ha^o saH^THTb, ^to axo ^BHseHie^ ecjiH oho GepLesHO, a ne 
pasAyBaexcA Etiiei^KHMH GOo6ii^eHiAMH, Ha^aBinHCB npoTHBi Coe^H- 
HeHHuxi niTaroBi GteepHofl AaiepHKH, ^ojisho o6paTHTBGji h npo- 

THBl AnrjliH^ BI KOJlOHiflXl KOTOpoft aHTH-RHTafiCKOe BaKOHOAaxeJiB* 

CTBO npoBOAHTCH oii^e GypoBte v nojiH'fae, qi^Mi bi AifepHEi^. 

O^eBHAHOy (no^roTOBjiAeTefl orpoMHaA 6opB6a sa npeodjia^ame 
Vk KHTai^... 

IIOffrOTOBJIEDTCH Kasiff-TO KpynHUH G06UTiii H Vh ApaBiH. 

ApaBiScRifl nojiyocTpoBi, hm^^e npoxfl^KeHie k ^jTHHy g% ctBe- 
po-Bana^a Ha ioro*BocTOR'B, ynnpaexcH cBoen Dro-Bocxo^HOE) cxo- 
poHOK) B% HH^iflGRifl OReaHi H orpaHH^HBaexcji ci loro-dana^a 

KpaGHillfb HOpeM'E, Cl CiBepO-BOCXORa nepGHAORHMl BaJIBBOHl Cb 

xejEBxoK) ooeAQHeHHuxi Tnrpa h E^paxa. Ha ciBepo-saDanti apa- 
BifiGRifl nycxMHH HesantxHO GjmBaioxcA cb nyGxuFjiHH CHpiH h Me- 

GOHOXaHiH, BM^GXt OXA^JEHA apaBiflCRie OaSHGBI 0X1) OaSHGOBl GHpifl- 

CKHX'B H HeGonoraMCRHxi. B'B xaRHX'L npeAi^jiaxi ApaBiE HMtexi^ 
Vh noJiHTHqecROHi oxHomeHiH xpH noj[OGu: eaMa^ BasHajsr, loro-sa- 
aaAHan, npnicnRaioH^afl ri RpacHony Hopi), HaH6oji%e 6oraxaa oasH- 
caifH, 6oj[ie Bcftxi naeejieHHajr, 6ojii^e Bcixi RyjiBxypsaH, epejuoxo- 
tie apaBifiGRaro Hai^ioHajBHaro GOSHaHi^, npaBOB'&pHaA cxpana 
npopoRa MaroMexa; saRjin^aDii^aA bi gbohxi npe^iji^jiax'E Gean^ea- 
HBie ropoAa, MeRRy h Me^HHy. HHe%HO B'B dxo8 RpaGHOMopcRofl 
ApaBiH H pasBHBaioxGfl Go6uxiJi^ o Roxopuxi Biinre ynoHHHyxo. Ha 
8THx:b GxpaHHi^ax^b Mu y3Be RaeajiHGB naqajia axoS apaBiflcRoS jq)aHUy 

HOBH^ljHMOMy, HORpOBHX^JIBGXByeMOfl aHrJLH^aHaMH. BOXI nOGJ[%;](Hiff 

iBBicxis: 

EoHGxaHXHHOHOJiB, 15 (28) iDHfl. Apa6u npOBHHiUH AoGHpi 8a- 
BJiaA^jiH rjiaBHBiMi ropo^oH^B H6axoMi. Gero^HH mhhhgxpbi Go6pa- 

IHGB Bl HjlBJ^8l-RiOGRi ffJIH 06GySJi;eHiH BOnpOCa GOOXB^XGXByD- 

iqHxi Miponpiflxijixi. 

BeSpyTB, 15 (28) iroHH. Xo^hxi ynopHHft cayxi, ^ixo metxi- 
yu-HGjraifB MyxaiiMefli'B-ASffyjii OROH^axeji'BHo npaHEjii cxopony 



.J 



nOJIHTHKA. 113 

apa6oB'B. Oh'e nsAajii i^epROBHoe OTJiyqeeie h npoBOBrjiaoHjn xy- 
peiiKaro cyjiraHa JiHineHHUMi sBania xajiH^a. 

^7RB]iji,d^, 15 (28) iK)HA. HHoypreHTfii .^^aHfljiH MoEKy, Boti-bjib- 
$aKH H A6y-ApBni'E b'e leMent. Bi pyKaxb ^yposi ocxaexcji jamb 
XoffeflAa. YBi^pHioT'b "ito MeHassa sanHxyjiHpoBajia. 

Cy^^^, 18 iioHff (1 iiojia), (Coo6m. lepesi BepjrHHi)). UoATBep- 
jEAaeTCsa, hto BoacxaBinie apa6£i yrposaDxi reAsacEofi npoBHHi^iH. 

ITapHSi. 28-ro Ieohji. (In ormation). IIo qacxHum HSBtcxismi, 
HHcyprenxH saHHMaiox'E BecL leHeH'b, EpoHi XoAefi^u. Bi pacno- 
pasEOHiH <^efi3H-nainH tojilko 20000 ^bjiob^^e'e. Ohi ;i;osH;a[aexcA 
noi^EptnjDteHifi. 

KapHJE'By 11 (24) Ik)ha (Information). TypsH naqajiH 4 Ibohji 
ct xpexi cxopoHi HacxynjieBie npoxEBi CaHasa. 

FeAasacE — oaHaa cisepHaA ?acxL KpacHOMopcEoS ApasiH {sjill^Qh 
IfesEa H Me^HHa); AccHpi npHMiiiEaexi h PeAasacy g'e lora; loMeHb, 
caMBfl 6oraxa£[ ?acxB ApaBiH (Arabia felix), jieacHxi en^e lo^sate. 
3% leneH^ cxojiHi^a— Cana, rasaHH — MoRRa h Xo;^eflfl;a. Tojii.ro 
noGji^^HflA BT, pyRax'B xygoRi H oxcK);i;a ohh Ha^HHaDxi cboh 
onepaniH. 

3a KpacflOJ)iopcROK) ApaaieS jiesHXi uycxuHHan oxpana, oasHcu 
Koxopofi saHAXKi HesaBHCHMUMB RF^HssecxBaMH Bexa6HX0Bi, ceRxaH- 
TOBi, oxjosHBrnHXCA oxi npaBOB'bpHaro Hcjiaaia. Sa^cl he xypRH, 
HE RpacHOxopoRie apa6ii[ ho Hafi;i;yxi ooioshsrobi. TpexBa nojioca, 
B^ojiL IlepcflSCRaro sajiEBa, JiesEXi ^ajieRo oxi xeaxpa coduiifl e 
xaRse vh ssxi se npEMexi yqacxia. 



17-ro iioHfl cROHiaJiCE MEEEOxpi EHOOxpaHBHX'B jifijn, C^Bepo- 
aHepERaHCSEXi Coeii^EHesEiJX'B lUxaxoBi J^sohb Fafl^ o EOxopoMT. 
npeBEAOHxi PysaejiBxi oxo3Bajica^ RaR'B o oasiOM'B Buji;aioii:^eMCfl 
MEHEGxpi^ EHOcxpaHEBix'B j^tjci BMepERaECRofi peGny6jiERE. Fafl po- 
AEJiCfl Bi 1838 ro^y, bi HB;^iaH'&; oni npHSflJH A^TeJiBSoe y?a- 
Gxie 3% npeaflAesxcREX'B BB[6opax'B 1861 ro^a, RaRi ropA^ifi cxo- 
poHHERi peGny6jiflRaHGRofi napxiE, BUGxynEBineft xor^a npoxEBi 
pa6cTBa. Saxi^Mi ohi GJiysEJi'B nps npe3fl;i;eBxt JIehsojibh% e sa- 
nacaJi'B 6iorpa$iH) sHaiieHflxaro npeBEAenxa, pa6oxaE n b% noBpeMOE- 
sux'B fls^asiflX'B. JI^ajiBHtflniaA ero RapBepa 6ujia npeEMynneGXBesso 
j(flajio»axE?eGRaE. Bi 1898 ro^y MaRi-KflEJiefl Hassa^EJH ero me- 

SEGXpOMl EHOGXpaHEUXl Jlf^JlTi, PySBeJEBXl Bl 06a GBOE HpeBH- 

AenxGXBa coxpaEEjii sa FaeM'B pyROBo;i;cxBO BEtniHeK) nojiEXER'.K) 
aiiepERaHGRofi peGny6jiERE. 

Ssa^enie J],soEa FaE bb EGXopiE saRJOEio^aexGE, rjiaBEBiMi o6pa- 
aoMi Bi xoMi, Hxo OHi BUBeji'B CBoe oxe^eGXBO Ea nyxB BejiERO- 
l^epsaBEOOxE. UpE flesci AnepERa npEGoeji^EBEJia Faaas, oxssjia y 
HcnaniB IIopxoPBRO e ^ejebeeehh, ogboSoajejio Ky6y, ixo6h no- 
xoMTb nofl;?HHHXB ee ceoeEy npoxeRxopaxy, Bomaa b'b xicBoe ej^H- 

.^ 7. OTAiiTB II. 8 



114 PyCOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

Heme oi AHmeft, o6jD[H8HJ[aoL ci HnoHieft, no^ajia oBoft BJiacTHiift 
rojiooi Bi AAJ^He-BOOTOiHuxi ffijaxi, o^eHB pasBHJia oboh Mop- 
osifl BoopyseniH, i^ooxHrHyBi nojEOsenia nepBOSJiacGHOft Hopcsoft 
^epsaBu... EyAmee uoisAxerb, sra BHeprHqecKa^r h HHorocTopoH- 
HAH ji^HTejiBHOCTL HOKoftHaro aMopHBaHcsaro MHHHOTpa noBe^erb 
JiH Ki c>iaoTbK) H 6jiaroQOJiytiK) sejiHRoft peony 6jihrh? 

21 TO iDHfl Bi BejiBriH CKOH^ajiofl BHaueHHTEiS yqeHuft djiHse 
PeKJiH), HBBtcTHuft Tasse E KaRi 0AHHi» HBi TeopeTHKOBi aHap- 
XHBMa. PesjiK) poAHJiGA Bi 1830 ro^y) o6pa30BaHie nojiy^Hjn bo 
$paH[(y3CEHXi H HtiieAKHXi yHBBepcHTexax'E. Bi 1851 ro^y nocjii 
rocyAapoTBeHHaro nepeBopoTa, npoBOsrjiacHBinaro EHnepiio, PesiD 
AOJiseHi e&iji'L yAajiHTBCfl hbi ^panaiH h ooBeprnHjn npo^ojiSH- 
TejibHoe nyTemecTBie no Esponi h AuepHst. O^iepEH bthxi nyxe- 
mecTBift BnepBue o6paTHJiH BHEManie na TajiaHTJiHBaro asTopa. Bi 
1858 roAy PesjiK) BepnyjiOH bo ^paniiiK) h na^ajn HBnaBaTB one- 
i^iajQfbHEie reorpa^sqecKie Tpy^u, bucoko OAtHenHue yqeEUMi Hi- 
poMi. Boji^Ai BaTiMi Bi 1867—68 r.r. BuniJiH ^Ba TOMa ero $h- 
BHqeoKoft reorpa^iH no^ib HasBaHiem „La terre^ (ecTL Asa pyo- 
OKHxi nepeBOAa), yapoqHBmHX'B 8a aBTopoM^ BucoKift Hay^Huft aBTO- 
pHxeTi. Gi Haqajia ceicHAecflTBix'b foaobi Pesjuo npHCTynHJTL, h 
Bi 1894 roAy OROHqEJEi, npH coA^flcTBin ApyrBxi» yqenuxi, orpov- 
HuB xpyAt Bi AeBHTHaAi^aTH TOMaxi „Nouvelle g6ographie univer- 
selle^ (ecTB pyccRiS nepeBOA'^). Bi nocjitAHee BpeMfl PeRJii) oo- 
CTOflJn npo(j^eccopoMi reorpa(j^iH bi bojebhohi BpioocejiBCROH'E 
yHHBepcareTt. Owh cRonqajicE ceMHAecflTH-naTH ji'bTHHH'b CTapi^eHi, 
ooBepmHB'L rjiaBHoe a'^^o cBoeft shbhh, ORpyseHHut noneTOHi h 
npHBHaflieHi Bcero o6paBOBaHHaro nipa. 

C. lOmaKOB-b. 



031. AHTJliH. 



I. 



S. xoqy noBHaROMHTB qHxaTejieft ci Rpaftne HHxepeoHofl jraq- 
HocxLK) 6opi^a sa EpjiaHAORyi) cBo6oAy9 tojilro qxo oomeAinaro co 
oi^enu; ho npeABapHxejiLHO k hobbojik) oe6t pascRasaxB ab^ jiereHAU, 
coAepacan^iJi Aifti&expajiBHO npoxHBoaojioasHUE HAeH. OAHa cjioxesa 

Ha BOCXORA JIIOABHH, HOHaBinHMH Bl HeBOJID, H FOBOpHXl 6eBR0- 

He^HOMi TepniHiH. JIj)yraH, — npoojiaBJEADii^afl 6opL6y, — EBHJiaoB na 



I 



H81 AHFJIIH. 115 



sana^t y ropAaro Hapoj^a, tojtlko ^to pasopBaBmaro i^i^nH, najio- 
seHHUfl Ha Hero saBoeBaxejrHMH. IlepBaA jiereHAa rjiaoHxi *), 

Bi o^HOMi Hsi apa6cKHX'b ropo^OBi shjei i9Honia nopasHTejiB' 
Hofi KpacoTij. Ohi HMtjii Bct ffapu, nocujiaeirue AjuiaxoMi: 6hijn> 
6oTATh H yqeni. H xoia y Hero 6ujio Bce, Tro6ii sh8hl 6iiJia 
ycjiaAofl, K)Honia roptjn sejiaHieMi snaTB Bce 6ojiBme h 6ojiLme. 

H BOTL K)Homy noctiHjii paai Kynei^'B hsi BajiLcopu. H CKa- 
saJi'L eny, ^to SBBerL Taifi BejiHsiS iiy;^peii;i, naAtjieHHufi TasHMi 

SHaHieM'L H TaROK) CBflTOCTLK), HTO Myj^peBjU BCiXl BiKOBl, B8AT£ie 

ButcTb, He Moryxi cpasHHTbca ci hhm'e. H npH6aBHJ[i eo^e Ky- 
nerd's, ^to MyApen;%, ne CMOTpa na oboh) cjiaBy h no^erE, saHH- 
Maeicfl KysHe^HUfiii peMeojiOMi, Easi OTeii;i h ji!^ji,T> ero. 

ycjiumae'L 8to, K)Homa Bomeji'L bi j^omi cboS, HaAtjii* 6am- 
vaKH, HasHHyjii na njieqn KOTOMKy, 68^21 bi pysH nocoxi h ocTa- 
BHJii poAHoB ropo;^ h Apysefl. Ohi nomejii B^h EaJOfLGopy, WTo6hL 
paauGKaTB cBflToro y^HiejiH, nocTynnxL hi Heny bi yqenHEH h 
nodHaxB MyApooTB. 

H DHonia mejii copoEi ^Hefi h copoRi HO^eft. H HHoro onac- 
Hocxefi H cTpajj^aniS nepeneci ohi^ noKy^a 6jiaronojiy7HO npH6uj[i 
61 ropoA'By r^t SHJii sy8Heii;i. CTpaHHHSi HaapasHJicH na puHOsi^ 

Bl Sy8Hb?HBlft pH^^i. H KOF^a lOHoma npOXOAHJIly TO BCt npoAaBHjBi 

H nosynaxejiH^ nopaseHHue ero Kpacoxofi, noj^HHMajiH pyKH. i»HaA'B 

HaMH BOCXOAHXl HOBBlfl MiCBJX;h PaMaAaHl, — BOCMHI^aJIH OHH. — 

dxoro DHODiy HiiiJi'L, BtpoHXHO, Bi BHj^y HOdxi, soF^a osa- 

sajii: 

— S. BEjilbiTh BtxBb j^epeBa 6am^ KOJie6aBmyioc£[, xaKi ma- 
4»paHi, Ha KOTopom, BMtcxo i^BtxKa, sejix'bJL'B Miosns,% Paxa- 

Aani. 

— H H onpocHjoLi: „saKi soByxi xeda?'' Owh oxb^xejii mh'6: 
^jiy-j[j" (aeMiyjKHHa). 

— H H BocKJiHEHyjii: ^jth-jih'' (so MHi!); HO OHi GEaBaji: 
^jia-jra" (ntxi, nixTb). 

Ho K)Honia ne saHtxEJEi ;^ase apoHSBeAeHHaro ewl nne^axji'b- 
Hia. Ohi cntrnHJH si sysHHHi'b Hyffpeii;a. H sorj^a lOHoma nepe- 
cxyoHJii nopoFEy ohi noqi^jioBajTE nojiy nJiaxBfl Hy^pei^a h HOJi^a 
HasjEOHHJii rojioBy. 

— Hero Te6t, ohhi moS? — cnpocHJH sy8He^l. 

- Xo^y no8Haxi» HexHHHyio nyApocxB, — cMHpeHHO oxBtxHjpt 
DHoma. 

— Thhh! — csa8ajii Eysnei^x h ffajii ejiy hi pysH BepoBsy oxi 
irtxoBi. 

— Cjiyniai) h noBHHyiocL, — oxBtxEjii lOHoma. H ohi MOjraa 



*) SaHMCTBOBaaa mhok) h3i> „La Renaissance Nord-Africaine'', Janvier, 1905. 
Tunis. nepeBOAi* ci> apa6cKaro na 4>paHay3CKift sisuki* cA^JiaHb AOKTopoM'b 

^laApiOCOM-b. 

8* 



116 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

cTaji% MHyTL BepeBKy h Tanyjii ee fl;o noanHaro Beqepa. H Ty »e 
pa6oTy, Tasi se MOJi^a, ohi; EcnojiBajL'h na ffpyrofi AOHb, h na 
cjit;i;yK)ii^ifi, H en^e, n en^e, ujtjiBift ro^i. 3a Bce 9to speHS hh yqH- 
TeJiL, HH Apyrie y^eHHSH, pa6oTaBmie bi sysHHai^, He oKasajiH euy 
HH cjiOBa. H npomjio hhtb jitrE, TaKHMi o6pa80M'B, bi nojiHOM'& 
HOJi^aniH. HaRoneuji, lOHoma pi^mnjicH saroBopHTL. 

— y^HTejiB! — Ha^ajii ohi. 

Kysnei^'B ociaBHJi'B pa6oTy, h Bci y^eHHKH Gjifkn^ja to se canoe. 

— ^ero Te6'fe? — cnpocHJii y^HTejiB. 

— SnaHia. 

— Thhh BepeBKy! 

H K)Homa onflTB npHHSJiCH sa pa6oTy. H npomjio en^e hhtb 
jiiTi. Bce BTO BpeMH Bi sysHHat GTOHJio MOJi^anle, a lOHoma ci 
BOCxoAa GOJ[Hii;a ji;o sasaTa THHyjii BepeBsy h^xobi. Ecjih sony- 
mi6jnh H8X y^eHHEOBi nysHO 6hjio cnpocHTB y^HxejiH, ohi» hh- 
cajEi Ha nepraMenxi^ h KJiajii na Kpafi ropna. Ymnenh qniaji'L 
BonpocH. H^ROTopue ohi dpocaji bi oroHb^ na ^pyrie OTBi^qajii 
HHCBMeHHO se. 

H Korfl;a MHHyjio fl;ecHTB ji*tx, y^HTejiB, yjuSancB, noffomejii 
Ki MOJOAOMy ^eJiOBi^Ky h Tponyjn ero sa njie^o. H bi nepBufl 
pas'E sa A^CHTii ji^T% y^eHHR'E ocTaBHji'E BepeBKy m^xobi. BejiHRaa 
pa;D[OCTii OBj[a;iitjia hmi. 

— CuHi MoS, — Ha^ajii Ky8Hen;i, — Moaemt BOSBpaxHTLca Te- 
nepL ;ziOMofi. Th nosnaji'b jme eew My^pocTL shshh. 

H yqHTejiB ce noi^^JiyeMt OTnycxHJii yqennRa. H toti pafl;ocTHO 

BOSBpaXHJICH K'b CBOHMl APySBHMl. H BCe Hepe^'b HHICl CXaJEO HCHO, 

noxoMy qxo ohi nocxHn Bejin^afimyK) My;^pocxB — mepnrbuie*^ . 

Tbki rjiacHTi OAHa jieren^a. Apyran cocxaBjiHexi dnnaoA'B 
cxapHHHofi cEasoHHofi HcnaHCKofi xpoHHEH. 9ro — „HoxopiH 3HaMe- 
HHxaro H ;^o6JIecxHa^o pwitapa KpHciofiajra J^;c-JIH6epxaJ^l (Historia 
del famoso 6 Taleroso caballero Cristobal de Libertad). 

Bt j^ajieKofi cxpaHt, — rjacHTi JIe^eH;^a, — Kyjia He j^ocxHrajii 
He TOJDLLKO cxpaHcxByDii^ie pBiii;apH, ho A&^se h cjiyxi o no;i;BHrax'i» 
HXt, JTOTEifi ApasoHi KapayjiHJii npHKOBaHHyio Ki cKaii^ npeKpac- 
HyD AOHcejiBK). H xaKofi cxpaxi naBejn ApaKOHi na Bctxi, ^xo 
Ror^a OHi npHKadajn npncujiaxii ce6'6 eseroji;HO DHomefl h juj^bvlu:!,^ 
Hacejienie nocjiyniHO Hcnojinirjio npHKaaanie. H6o xpycocxB, — ro- 
BopHxi xpoHorpa^x, — „es enferniedad incurable y pegadiza* 
(6ojQ[i3Hb sapasHxejiBHaH h nensjii^HHifaH). H nadpajii ce6t ;i;paR0Hii 
H8'B HacejieniH cxpaHKr cy^efl h xpanHxejiefl, cjiiji;HBmHX'B sa x'6mi, 
^TO ^^tjiaexi Hapojii, h hohobi, 6jiarocjroBJiiiBmHX'B nacHJiie ero. 
H6o, — npH6aBJiHex'B xpoHorpa$x, — npaB^y rjiacHxi cxapHHHaii 
icnancKafl noroBopKa, ixo sa KpecxoMi qacxo cRpuBaexcH ^ia- 

BOJl. 

H pasHO TOjiKOBajio Hacejienie cxpanu, nopa6omeHHoft ^pa- 

KOHOM%. 



Hdl AHFJIIH. 117 

— KaKoe Haifb ffijio ao noHcejiLH? — roBopHjiff o^hh. — Haci 
;i(pasoH'B He TporaeTb. ByjuoMX se Becejio shtb ;i;a hhtl h ^ctb 
FL BecejiOMi Kpyry (Vivamos todos y comamos en buena paz y 
<jompana). Hero Kpy^HHHTBca? PasBt xenepB cojiHD;e ne xaEi apKO? 
PaBB'b BHHO yTpaTHjio OBoficTBo on&AHflTL? PasBt noi^jiyH He 
TaKi Kpysarb roJiOBy, Kasi TorAa, Kor^a mbi 6111H cbo6o;^h£i? 

H jiidah 8TH BeeejiHJiHCb h jik)6hjih, Korji^a KpyroMi JiHJiacB KpoBB^ 
1 BOSAyxi orjiamajiCH sajio6HUMH CTOHaMH ^OHcejiLH. 

— Gi jipaROHOMi MOSHO He TOJELEo ysHTBCH^ HO en^e HarpaABi 
OTTL Hero nojiy^aTL aa ycjiyra, — roBopnjiH ;^py^ie. — Sa^Mi HaHi 
paaApasaxJb ero? GaMonosepTBOBanie rjiyno. HejiOBiK'b ^^ojimeni 
xynaTL ce6^ h cbohxi AiTflxi. — H bi HHxepecau c6oux^ 

^Xefl, 3XH S.JD]lJi CB CnOROfiHOfl COBioXBD OXQpaBJUIJIH SI ffpaKOHy 

^txeS Hyo^cux^. 

— TepnilHie h CMHpenie! — menxajiH ipeiLH. — By;^eM'L ch^4xb 
XHXO, oxanem ^thxl AP^sona h cjiyn ero, ^a pa6oxaxB na hhxi, 
Tor^a Haci, BipoHXHO, noMHJiyioxi. Hro ji;eHBrH y naci sa^npanxi, 
xaE% 8X0 HH^ero: A^HLrn — ijitH-L. Hxo j^tieft naniHxi yBo;^axt, 
xasi H axo, bi cyn^HocxH, He sasHo: A^BHi^aHi ace pasno saBcysi 

fiBIXOJ];HXB HyaCHO, a H31> DHOmefi, BipOHXHO, 6yHHB[ BBiniJIH 6u. 
BOXI H KaHOHHKH XaEl TOBOpHXl. 

Ho HBHJEHGB OXBaSCHBie lOHOHIH, EOXOpHXl XpOHyJIH Sajl06HMe 

cxoHu H cxpajtaniH aohcojibh. H bbixoji;hjih ohh ojijiei* na o^hh'b 
Ha ^paROHa. H rH6jiH bg^ ohh jiioxoS CMepxBD. HoradajiH He 
CTOJIBEO oxi jtpaEona, ceojibeo oxi cjiyrB ero. H Eorfl;a yMHpajiH 
c^^jLue, saHOHHSH saEaxuBajiH rjiaaa, Bs^HxaJiH h hoxomi npH6a- 
bjiajih: „noflitjioM'B**! 

A CBHpinocxB j^paEOHa h 6e3CXHfl;cTBO ciyrx ero yBOJiHqHBa- 
jiHCB. Ha£OHeii;'B h cmhphlim'b cxajio ne b'b icoroxy. 

— 3CAHxe XHXo! — no^ajiH hmi cob^xi RaHOHHKH. — H3o6pa8Hxe 
Ha JiHHiax'B BamHxi EpoxocxB H yMHJieme. JI^pasoHi yBH^HXi Bamn 
nyiEAH H cA'^JiaeT'B Bce bobmoshoo ^h Baci. H CMHpeHHHe jdld^^h 
nocJi*fliOBajiH coBtxy; ho hmi cxajio eni;e xyae. KpoxocxB h noja;ax- 
jiHBOCXB jiD^efi He xojsBEO HO OMflF^HJiH cep^i^a AP&Kona^ HO en^e 
6ojiie pacnajiHjiH jiioxogxb ero. A cjiyrn ero coBciMi 03B'6pijiH. H 
BOB^yx'B orjiacHJicH xsaJio^HBiMH cxoHaMH ;n;oHcej[iBH^ sbohomi ii;%neft 
fl bohjihhh cxpa^aHlH. 

H Bi dxo BpeicH h% ji;ajD[eEy]() oxpany npHdEuii puii;apB Kpncxo- 
fiajii fl;e-JlH6epxafli'B. 
j — npoHBHxe MeHBHie xepninia! — EpHEHyji'B ohi. — JI^tftcxByfiie 

jipysHoI n^Hxe BajiOMi 3a BamHMH co6cxBeHHBiMH 6opiiaMH h He 
HOSH^aSxe hxi. Bu caMH ne B'6;i;aexe, saEan CHJia bi BaniHxi py- 
saxx! — II laRi EaEi cxpaj^aniH 6hjih yase HeBtiHOCHMBi, xo nocjy- 
majtoGB HacejieHie coB^xa G% c&Bepa h cb K)ra, 0% BOCxoEa h c% 
nana^a cxajiH npndHBaxB b^cxh, 1x0 jljojia crpyAHJiHCB BMicxi^. H 
ovb OAHoro BHj3;a cnJioxHEmnxcH jiK>]i,e% j^pasoHi cpasy npncMBpijii. 



I 



118 P700K0B BOrATOTBO 

BhIgto OBHpi^naro pu^aHifl pas^ajiHOL cjiaAsifl o6iii^aHiJi, xoxff 
Bi rjiasaxi ero ropijia HenaBHCTB, a Jiaau oyAoposHO osh- 

MaJIHOL. 

— HeBi^pLTe ofiimaHiaMil— KpHKHyjit ptmapi, fl;e JlHeepTayHi. — 
He MHpHTeoB, HHa^e seoTOKO nonjiaxHTecB noTom. HHKor^^a hk 

O^^HHl HaOHJILHHK'B HB 8a6uBaeTl, TTO fifiJLl&eE% 6uji% nocxynHTBOS^ 
OBOBK) BJiaCTLK)!'' 

Ha dTOH'L KOH<iaeT0fl OTapHEnaa HonaHOKaa cKaBOiHaa xpo- 

HHKa. 



n. 

fii napjiaHeHTi 6uBaji£ie jidah ysasuBajiH HOBH^KaHi Boerxa 
Ha OTaparo KOHHOHepa, ch ot^^inn BOJiocanH ^o njieni^ oi AJK^HHoi 
6ofOjis>if OHAtemaro Ha oKaMBAxi, saHfliuxi EpjiaH^oRofi napiiefi. 
CiapHKi dTOTh, nojiBSOBaBiniftoff rjij6oRHMi yBasenieMi Bcbxi. 
napxift, HHtj[% BH^i yqienaro^ bod shbhb He Buxo;^HBinaro hs'b- 
CBoero Ka6HHexa. Mes^y xiHi, ohi HsitsAHJii boob Ohirb, Chun* 
npiHOKaxejiexi, ^epifepoMi, Kay6oeMb vh sanaAHux'L mxaxaxi Ci- 
BepHoft AicepHSHy yHaoTBOBajofB vh pH|(t nojiBXH^ecRHXi saroBopoBi^ 
Apajioji Ha 6appHKaAaxi, 6uji[i npHroBopeni Ki OHepxHofi KasHH, Ki 
KOJieooBaHin h k^ qexBepxoBaHiio, npoBejii hhofo ji^xi na saxoprb. 
Cjiobohi, cxapHKi axoxi HasuBajEca Aseiici O^Bpafleni. Owh npex- 
oxaBjifljii 0060H) SHByK) xpoHHRy 6opb6h HpjiaHffiH sa cBo6oAy. 
Jl^exci O'BpafleHi bha^jii Bot ^asHcu 6opL6u. Ohi snajn HpjiaHAiD, 
Kor^a OHa Boei^tjio ynpaBJiHJiaoB anrjiifioKofi 6K)poKpaxieft, A&BHBinefi 
xixi CHJiBHie, ^tiii ojia6ie 6uj[o conpoxHBJieHie. 3ax1iHi oh% 
BHff&Ki 6ypHyi9 dDOxy ^eniaHOKHxi aaroBopoB'B, napHejiieBOKoe 
ABHsefiie. Ohi soa^ajiCH BOsposA^HiH Epjianj^iH, sor^a hoa'b Ha- 
nopoM'L o6ieAHHHBmaroGH HaoejieniH npaBHxejiBcxBO yoxynnjio, h 
cxaJLa BOBMOSHoS JierasBHaH, napjiaiceHxcKaH 6opB6a. 

TynocxB, seoxoKocxB, 6jQ[HBopyKOcxB h nojiHoe 6e80Hj[ie 6H>po* 
Rpaxin pis^e Bcero npoHBJiHexcH bo BpeMH sejiHKaro napoAHaro 
6iA0XBiHy HanpBMipi, rojioAa. TaEi 6u3lo vh EpjiaHAin b^l 1846 r.^ 
Korjua oxi Heyposan Kapxo^ejiH cxpaea nooxpaAajia Ha 16 mhji- 
jiiOHOB'L $. ox. BjiaropasyHHue ji£)ah da^ojiro npeAyapesAaJiH xom^ 
?xo Ha^BHraexoH cxpamHaH Kaxaoxpo^a. ?xo se OA^jiajio npaBHxejiB- 
oxBO? Gi OAHOfi cxopoHu, npHHHJio Mipu, Hxo6u ^epuepu nJiaxHJUH 
BO ^xo 6li xo hh Gxajio peHxy nOMtii^HKaMi, cl APy^oi — HSAajia 
saKOHi 061 yoHJieHHofi oxpaH'b (Coercion Bill). 

^FojiOAi HaABKraexoH na naoi rflraHxcKEMH maraMH^> — HHcaJis 
ooeHBK) 1846 r. sanHxaHL ynH^L^ o^hhi hbi xixi HeMornx^b 
npaBBxejiBCTBeHHuxi ^hhobhhrob'b, Koxopue HnijiB rjiaaa^ Hxo6tt 
BEffixB. HpeAOOxepeseHie ero oKaBajiocB BipHUMi. Bi soHi^fc 
aBrycxa rojioAaxo yse no^xH Bce naoeJieHie. ?acxB KpecxBHHi 
ycxpeiiHJiaoL bi ropo^a. Apyrie ^epnepu fiesi^'&jiLHo 6poAHj[H no 



H81 AHFJIIH. 119 

nojumi H AoporaM'L vh OHyrHoft HaAeaBAi, tto ij^a abhtca EaKi- 
HHtijAB. Ohh no'bAajH Boe, ^to 6mjb[o bobmosho: BusanuBajiH 8a6£i- 
TfK> {Anf, OTuoKHBajiH KopeHLJi. Sartifi Ha6pocHj[HGB na najiux^ 
jiomaji^efl, oojiobi h oo6aKi. 0$$H^iaJILHoe ojiiAOTBie soHOTaTH- 
poBajEo ojiyHaH JUD^oiAOTBa: rojioj^Hafl HaTL citjia kohb^hooth OBoero 
p66eHKa *). Bo HHornn Hiciazi noAHHMajiH yuepinHxi otl rojtoffa 
jiDAefi, B'L KHmRaxi h bii seJiyABA^'^ KOTopuxi Haxo^ipsjiH Tpasy **). 
Bi rpa$CTBt Mafio noAo6paiH yvepmaro on rojiOAa ^eJiOBiKa, bo 
pry soToparo OKasajiGfl Top$i. Cothh juojifit nHTajiHOB KpannBoft, 
nojieBofi ropqni^efi, kohokhh% m;aBejieHi. 7 6eperoBi HpjiaHAiH 
Haxoffflxi oco5eHHy]D, ojiHSHCTyi) Bo;](opocjii», ojiaAKOBaTyio na Bsyci. 
KpeoTBflHe BHaiDTi, HTO OHa AAOBHxa; HO MyKH roioAa 6ujih las^L 

BejraSH, ^TO JIJDjm 1lOiji,hJiB 8Ty BO^OpOCJIB K yHHpaJIH nOTOMl. 

TpynoBi 6u3io TaKi mhopo, tto o6pfl^ norpefienia ynpocTHscA 
Ao ^peBBU^aiHOOTH. ^B% jiiTonHosxi Toro BpeHeHH, — roBopHT% 

OneVEmfiJl'h, — HHOrO ^aKTOBl, nOKa8£IBaH)IIl[HXl, KaKl BOJIHKOe 6iA- 

cTBie yHHTFoasHJio xpHCTiancKie o6paji,u. Ha o6o?HHaxi 6ojilhihxi 
AopoFb BoioAy BajiflJiHCB Hey6paHHue Tpynu. To se caHoe 6ujio bi 
KpecTBflHCSHX'B K86ax'b. HEBue H MBpiBue jiesBJiH Tarn noAOJiry. 
n ecjiH 6uBaj[H noxopoHU, to OHt en^e 6ojiie cBHA^TejiBOTBOBajiH 
TCM-L, sasofi ysaoi nooTHn cTpany" ***). ^Bi CKH^pHH'b, — nnoaji'L 
KoppecnoHAeHTi raBeiu „Cork Examiner^, — a KasA^fi a®h& BHsy 
oTKOBi, Hecyn^HXi na njie^axi na KJiaA^Hii^e Tin obohxi A^Teft, 
vh rpodaxi, Eoe-KaKi cKOjio^eHHuxi hbi cTapux'L flmHKOBi. Ot- 

OteaTB H XOpOHHTB Ti^Jia HeKOHy. & BEJl!k3n> KpeCTLilHHHa, KOTOpufi 

Bd8^ Ha TOJiissi, sanpHseHHOft oojiohi, T&ia cBoefi senu h Asyxi 
A^xefi. Ohi 6ujL'h Taxi 0J[a6i, 7T0 ho HHtjii chjii BUKonaxB mo- 
rHJDiy, nosTOHy Ha KJiaA6Hmi oh'e Koe-EaKi noKpiuii Tijia rjiHHOfl. 
Ha Apyrofl aohb na sJiaA^Hmi tojioahuh co6aKH nosHpajiH bth 
Tpynu" *♦*♦). 

noojiiAOTBiexi roAOAa HBHJiacB annAeMifl. OTRp&iJicfl roJiOAHufl 
TH^i, a noTOHi ?yxa. J[k)ah yitHpajiH cothhmh. Bi oahomi npH* 
xoA* Kinsale Union, — roBopnii O'KoHHopi, — 3a6oji4jiH 250 ^ejio- 
B^Wh, a HBi EHXi yiiepjiH 240. BoHAeHiio nposBajiH ^noAoposHUM'L 
TH^Hi'', noTOMy ^To BAOJDtL AopoFb, Bi KaHaBaxi, noAi CToranH^ 
BCDAy JiesajiH 6oJLhEue. KpeoTBHHe, HSHypeHHiiie fojioaomi^ ho 

! MMiSE CHJTE, KOFAa 3a60J[tBaj[H, BUnOJIBTH HBt CBOHXl H86l. B% 

[ TeHHBixi MjfhaTh Ha nojiy BaiHJiHCB Tpynu h asHBue jidah, 8a- 

6uTU6 BotHH. «GTpamHaH anaxiH HaBHOJia naAi^ fitAHUH^L Ckh6ph- 

HOHl, — HHHierB Vh CBOOHl AHBBHHK'b O^OBHABI^. — FOJIOA'B yHBlTO- 

SHjii BCHEoe coHyBOTBie. Ox^aflHie oA'i^jiajio juojifii 6e8iyBOXBeH* 



1 



*) Census commissioners, p. 310. 
**) ib., p. p. 243. 283. 
***) A, M. Sullivan The New Ireland, p. 64. 
****) J. O'Bomke, History of the irish Famine, p. 273. 



120 pyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

flUMH. Ohh CI Tjnoft noKopHocTbK), 6e8% GTpaxa, sajti CMepxL. 
Oha lenepB sarjuiHyjia bo Bct mjpbb. Fojioai h anH;i;eMifl ynocffT'E 
cTapun H MOJiojuBix'E, ojrafiuK'b h CHJibHuxi, Maxepefi a. rpy^Hfiix'B 
MJiajDceHi^eBi. Hi^n Jno^eA, Koxopne ^ajiH 6ii 6ojiLHiiii'b ootoki 
Bo;i;u HJiH nonpaBBJiH 6u BsrojiOBBe. Q^tJiBiA ceMBH BajtsioTGji 6e3- 
noxon^HO na rpASHOMi nojiy. Oaho h to se jioxMOTse noKpuBaexi 
pasjiaranii^decA yse Ttjio h Bucoxmaro, sasi cseJieTi, ropa^e^Haro 
^ojiBHoro, Me^yn^arocA vh 6peAy. KpncH ofirpHsaiorb TpyiiH..« 
KpecT&jiHe oEjiavh 6e8i nHiuH, 6e3i> TonJiHBa h 6e8i o^easAii. CiiepTL 
KaseTCff HMi H86aBj[eHieM'b'' *), 

T4, y KOTopHxi 6hjio chjih fl;o6paTBca ffo ropoffa, pasHOCHJiH 
BnBfl;eMiio no BceMy ocxpoBy. „no yjiai^aMi Hamero ropo;^a 6po- 
jSfiT^ o6opBaHHHJi, rojoflHHa x*HH JMOjteft. Bee 8X0 — dtrjiei^H h3% 
rojEO^BUxi MtcTi. CuepxB mjifiTh hxi ^epe8T> h^gkojilko AHeft^, 
iiHcajii B'b CBoeM'E AHeBHHRi^ ^-pi KajijiaHaH'B, ii;HXHpyeMCifi bi 
o$$Hi](iajiBHOM% oxqexi. Pa6oqi6 ^ona n rocnaxajiH aepenojiHHJiBCB. 
„Ho He xoJiBEO axH y^peasflieHiff 6bijih Ha6HTH enxKOMX, — roBopBxi 
O'KoHHopi. — To ace aBJieme HafijEro^ajiocL h b-b xiopBMaxi. Fojio- 
;^aH)I^ie CMOxp^JiH Ha xiopBiiy, KaKi na y64acHme. 0% mtJEBX) no- 
nacTB Ty;i;a, cnepaa CBepmajiHCB He6ojiBraie npocxynKH. TaKi o^ho 
Bpesia 6HXBe cxeKOJii npoBpaxHJiocB bx HacxoamyBQ 9nHfl,eMiH); ho, 
Eor^a rojioflii ycHJHJica, na^ajiHCB 6ojite cepBesHHff npecxynjieHia, 
KaK'B noxHni;eHie 0Beii;i. TasaA Kpaasa bi xo BpeMH KapaJiacB gcuji- 
sofi B'B ABGxpajiiK). 9to HaKadanie paHBme EaBaJioGB yssaGHBiifB, 
HO B-B 1847 r. GOGJiaHHHM'B saBH^HBajiH. HpjiaHflieni'B G^Hxajn 8a cia- 
cxie, qxo ero aoBesyxi xoxb na spafi GB^xa, ho tojibeo 6bi hsb 
ffOMa. Upes^e Boxann-Edfi gjebijh, ho 6031 oGHOBaHin na xo, a^oMi. 
TenepB bi BOoSpaaceHiH rojioffHHX'B EpecTBan'B ohi pncoBajica no- 

IXH SeMEHMl paOMB, T^* XOpOHIO EOpiiHXl, H Tfl* Upej^l CCBIJIB- 
HUMB OXEpBIBaDTCa HOBBie HIHpOEie ropHSOHTH. 

TiopBMH, EOxopBia MOFJiH BiificxHXB XOJIBEO jecaxyH) qacxB uo- 
naBHiHX'B xy^a, npeBpaxHJiHGB bb o^ara 6oJi'fe3He8. SaEjno^eHHHfi, 
pasG^nxBLBaBHiift na ^G^aCXBe", x. e. na GGHJiEy b% ABexpajriio, He 
Bi GocxoaniH 6hjix fl;oHffaxBca EaxopacHaro Eopa6jifi. He;i;tjiBHo© 
xK)peMHoe aaEJEro^enie paBHOGHJiBHO 6hjio csiepxHOMy npnroBopy. Bb 
1847 r. rjraBHBifl HHcneExopB npjiaHUGEHX'B xiopeM'B nHoajii, 'ixo bb 
Micxaxi 3aK.i!K)?eHiff, pasGHHxaHflBixB Ha 5 xuch^'b apecxanxoBi, — 
CH;i;flT'B 12.843 qeji., HoaxoMy, GMepxHOCiB b% o^hhi rofl;^ yBOJiHW- 
jiaGB Bi ^eeaxB paai (bi 1846 r. — 131, a bi 1847 r. — 1315 **). 

^Harna ufiGXHaa xiopBMa, — nHeajn RaGxejiB6apGEifl fl;oExopB 
Bpayni, — Ha6Hia 6hxeomb. Bg* apeGxaHiH — cxpamHo HsnypeHH, 
rpaBHH, MHorie ho^xh rojiHe". 

Bi nepv^^oji eHHofl xiopBMt oxEpHJioa xh^i, EOXopBiMi nepefio- 



•') UHTHpoBHE ) B-fa o^xj^Huia/ibHOMB omerfe — .Census Coinmissioners* 
Tables of Death, v. I, p. 272. 

**) T. F. O'GoK or, The Parnell Monement, p. 41. 



H8'& AHrJIlH. 121 

jtjiH Bot cjiysan^e wh TupLid^ h rocnHTajit. CMepxHOCTB jOjooTHrjia 
40%. CjitAynnUii ii;H$pu ffaj^jTi HiKOTopHA npejccTaBjieHiH o pas- 
Hipax'b 9iiH|(eMiH rojiOAHaro TH$a. 

YMepjio OT-b TH(})a: 

B-fa 1845 r 7249 

, 1846 „ 17145 

, 1847 , 57095 

, 1848 45948 

, 1849 39316 

. 1850 • 23545 

3a ABGATb JliTl OffHEl TOJELEO TOJIOAHUfi TE^'h JHeCl Bl Epjiaii- 

^H 250.000 aepTBx *). 3a fliecarB jAtl ffo 1846 r. nenocpeA- 
CTBeHHO orb rojrofla, no o^^HiuajTBEHMt oi^eiaMi yMepjio 117 ^eji., 
B% 1846 r. — 6058, a bx 18'47— 21.770. Bi OTqexaxi e ii, py6pHEa. 
^GHepib ort ;npjixjiocTH, cjia6ocTH h CTapocTH". B% 1845 r. b% axy 
py6pHKy BHeceno 10.609 cjiy^aeBt, a bx 1847 r. — 23.285 cjiyqaeBX. 
CocxaBHTejiH oTqiexa npH6aBJiaK)T'E, qio bx cymHOCTH roBopa, mho- 
rie H3i 8THx^ cjiyqaeBi ^ojiaHH 6litl BHecenH b% fl;pyryH) py6pHEy: 
^CMepTB OTh rojiofl;a*. 

Ha^ajioGB MacGOBoe 6ircTBo hsi EpjiaHAin, kto ejAjltj ghjih h 
KaKifl-HH6yAB Gpe^GXBa Ha to. ^Haoejieme, oxBa^eHHoe ysacoM'E, 
MexHyjiocB Bi paBGunnyio. Ho ;n;eMOHH h rapniH KHnyjiBGb bi ^o 
roHsy: 9MHrpaHTu Bcn^y pasHOCEJiH 6oji'b3HH. Okojio 180.000 nepe- 
GejieHi^eBi BUGaj^HJiHOB bi JiHBepnyjit bi npoMesyxKt otg& 15 he- 
Bapa fl,o 4 Haa 1847 r. Bx Fjiaaro oxi 15 iioHE flio 17 aBrycxa 
iiPh6k[JI0 26.385 EpjiaBAmeBi. 

B'B rocnnxajit sxoro ropo^a 6hjio 1150 6ojibemxi xe^omi, bi 
TOHl ^EGJli 750 EpjiaE^i^eBi. 

OxBa^eBBoe yacacoMt EacejieHie AErjiin noxpe6oBajio, Troou 
npEEExu 6LIJIE M^pu CI u'J^Jibio oxpaBETb EacBjieEie 0T% dnH^eMiu. 
jiJiE Bctxi, npH6i>iBaK)ii(EX'L ES'L EpjiaB^iH, EasBa^eE'b 6ujii> KapaE- 
TEEi. TasHMi o6pa80M'b, AErjiiE oxcxynEjia oxi GBoero odnqaa. 

KaS'b HSB^GXEO, B'L AEFJliE EtXl EapaEXEHOBl. ECJIE Bl raBaEB 

npE6uBaerL Kopa6j[L eb'e no^ospExejiBEaro Mtcxa, BGtx'b nacGaxE- 
poBi BcexasE cnycEaiox'b sa ^eper'b, eo 3a Eaac^HMi ycxaHaBjiE- 
BaexGE A'^axejEBEufi Me;(Eii;EEC£ifi Ea^sopi B'B Tom's H^cxi^, r^i ny- 
xemecxBeEEEEi noGejUiexGfl. JI,jie rojojojEuxi Epjiafl^i^eBi c^tjiaEo 
6ujio EcsjiK)HeEie. Saxtn osasaEO 6&jjio ;i;aBJieEie sa BJiajoitjiBi^eB'B 
sopa6j[efi, no;i;;i;epxEBaB]EEX'B Goo6n(eHie MexsAy AByME ocxpoBaME: 
sjiaxa 8a nepetej^'B Ea najiy6^ 6B[Jia noBHineEa. Tor^a rjiaBEaa aiiE- 
rpaETGsaE BOJiEa EanpaBEjiacB Ea Bana;!;^, sa oEeaEi, ei fieperaHi 
GtoepEoB AMepEEE. pasMtpaxi ^EseEia Moryx'B a^xb npe^cxa- 



*) Raport of inspectors-general of Prisons: Census CommissionersTables 
of Death, p. 298. 



122 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

BjieHie ojAjsjnwiK i^H^pu. nepecejiHJiHOL vh AiiepHKy hb'l Hp- 
jiaH^is: 

Bt, 1845 r 74969 qwi. 

. 1846 105955 . 

, 1847 . 215444 „ *). 

JlaHj^jiopffu 6ujiH pa^H OTA^JiaTLOfl KaKi-HH6fA^ ot% fojioahiix'b 
EpeoTLJiHi H BxoAHJiH Bi Qji,ijLKj 0% BJia^ijiLi^aiiH sopa6jie&. dMH- 
rpaHTOBi Harpjsajui, KaKi cson, bi TpnHu ciapuxi Ropa6jiefl. 
HpjiaHAiieB'B bobhjih Tor^a, KaKi sor^a-TO HerpoBi-HeBOJiBHHEOfi'L. 
„nepecejieHHecEie Kopa6jiH HanoMHnajiH KajiLKyxcKyio „?epHyx) au'j** 
(TnpBHa, Bi KOTopofi BO BpeifH BoacTaHifl TyseMAeBi, sa^oxjioob 
Bi offHy HOHB 125 DJiiHHUxi aHrjiH^aHi), — nnmeT'E o^eBH/iei^'E. — 
HpjraflAii;u xecaTKaMH yMEpaiH bo Bpena nepeisAa". Hai 493 ne- 
peoejieHAeBi na Kopa6jii „Queen^ — 130 yuepjuff bi njTH, na OKeani^; 
H8i 552 naccasHpoBi Kopafijra „Ayon'' CKOH^ajiHCB 236 ^ejioB.; 
HOB 476 BMHrpaHTOBi Ha ^Virginsus** — okoh^ejihcb 267; hbi 440 
BMHrpaHTOBi Ha ^Larch** cRoniajiHCB wh nyiH 108 ^eji., a 150 — 
6hjih onaoHO 6ojri>Hu. B% 1847 r. b% Kanaj^y OTnpaBHJracL bb'l 
HpjiaH^pH 89.783 BMHrpaHTa. Hsi hhxi cROHqajiHCL bo BpeH^r ne- 
pefiaw 6100 nejioB., 4100 — TOT^aci »e nocjn* npHfiHria, 5200 — 
Hepesi HicHi^ H 1900 qejiOB. — repeal TpH ifbcfli^a.^ Otl Fpocci- 
AfijiBHA'B AO noprE-Gapnia^ — HEmerh i^HTHpoBaHHufi yse oapi 
HapjiBBi Jle^^H, — Ha 6eperaxi seJiHSHXi ptn-B h OBep^ Onxapio 

H 3pH, BMHrpaHTOKafl BOJIHa OTJltHeHA HeapepUBHOtt AtllBlO HO- 

rEJL%. Sa^ob jiesarBy HHorAa 6e8i Kpeoia Aase, — oti^bi, Maxepn h 
A^TH. BLixoAi^eBi HBi HpjiaHAiH. in^BaAuaTB TucHqi nepecejieHi^eB'B 
noxopoHOHu TOJiBKo Bi o^Hoft KaHaffJ^'' **). ^IlepeoejieHiiu 6ujih 
cjiHmKOM^L oj[a6H, m:o6u pa6oTaTB h cjiHmKOxi 6iji,Ru^ ^to6h shtb 
6681 pa6oTu h nonpaBjiHTLCff. Pa6otiS puHOKi bi ropo^ax'b 6uji% 
nepenojiHeHi. G% Apyroi ciopoHu HpjiaH^i^Li ne bh^jih ohjtl ajis 

OypOBOfi aCEBHH BaCeJIBUpEKOB-B Bl JlicaXl H Ha A^BCTBeHHOfi Tep- 
pHTOpiH ***). 

%o se A^jiajio npaBHTOJiLOTBo Boe bto Bpevfl? Qho ycxpoHio 
o6n^ecTBeHHUfl pa6oTBi no;^ Ha^BopoK'B cbohx'l ^hhobhhsobi. Pa- 
6oTU bth 6ujih Hei^tJB[eGoo6paBHu, 6edT0JiK0Bu h ho hphhochjih o6j[er' 
^eniflf. BTopoS iftpofi npaBHTejiBCTBa npoTHBi rojio^a fiujii BaROHi 
o6i yoHJieHHoft oxpant — ^Coercion Bill". CrtfliyerB jih yfl;HBji«TB(Mr, 
HTO BMHrpaHTKE, ocxaBJiABHiie 6epera HpjiaHAiH, yHocHjiH tojibko 
OAHo: rj[y6oKy]D HenaBBCTB si npaBHrejiBCTBy h sasjuy mocth. dry 
HenafiHCTB nepecejieniitu nepe^aJiH cbohmi AtTAHi h BnoojiiAOi^BiH,. 
Ha aiiepHKaHOKofi noqat, Bupoojio peBOJ[K)ii;ioHHoe ^BHseme, oxsa- 
THBHiee HpjiaHAiK) wh 1867. IlepesHTue ysaou rojioAa BBiBBajH b% 



*) Sir Charles Gavan Duffy, .Four Years of Irish History*, p. 531. 
**) Four Years of Irish History, p. 532. 
***) W. Gregg, Irish History, p. 138. 



H8'b AHFJUU. 123^' 

KOHicb copoKOBuxi ro^OB'b 61 caMoft EpjiaH^iH caMopoAHoe Teppo- 
pHOTHqecKoe ABHS6l[ie — ^eHiaHcxBo. IIojiHi^eficsifl 6iJiufi Teppopi^ 
KaR'L 6iiBaera 8to Bcer^^a, ooajiiaji'b cbod aHiHTesj — KpacHuft peBO- 
juoiuoHHufl Teppopi. OsoH^aTejiBHHMi TOJi^ROMi noojiysHJiH 6yp- 
HHH co6uTiA Ha KOHTHHeHTt. Bi ^oBpajit 1848 r. peBOJ[K)i];ioHHufr 
nosapi oxBaTHJii IlapEsi, a aaTim bbcb eBponeScRift ropH80HT&. 
na^ajiH TpoHKE. BosAjxi 6uJi'h nanojiHeHi xpecsox'L pyseftnux'b 

BLICTpijIOB'b H JIHKyiOmHKH J106i]lflUME RpHRaMH HapOAa. GBflB^eH- 

Hufl coDsi npeBpaTHJicfl bi npaxi. On MnjiaHa ao BepjiKHa bojdkj 
HapoAi 6uj['b jBipeHi; tto lenepL orobu fijAJTi c6poineH£i pas'L 
Ha BcerAa. ITaTaro ^eBpajiH 1848 r. bi EpjuaniUH BOBHHRjia rasexa 
^United Irishmen'', AORaauBaBmaH, ^to Mnpnuifb nyTeMi nacejie- 
Hie HH^ero He AofiLexoa. Heo6zoAHMO, — nponoBiAHBBJia rasexa, — 
BoopyseHHoe BOBCTanie. Ki* BuxoAy xpexBaro Hyxepa noAOcntjiH 
CB^A'^HiH peBOJiK)iUH Bi IlapHsi. ^^eBpaiBGRaa peBOJiDi^iff, — hh- 
Hiexi HpjiaHAGRifi HcxopHRi, — npoHBBejia y naci noxpHcaDniee Boe- 
i^axjitnie. Ci Jis^mji,h[M% AHem BOJiHenie ycHJiHBaj[oo&. KasAan noTra 
npHHOCHJia B'&cxH npo hobjuh BOBCxaHiflf, ROH^aBmiacH HeHsutHHO no- 
6iAofi HapoAa. BicxH hbi IlapHsa, BepjiHHa h B^hu roBopHJiH oaho 
H TO se: npo 6appHRaAu> naAenie npasHxejiLcxBa h npo no6iAy na- 
poAa... H ecxecxBeHHO AOJisna 6fiij[a abhtlch y npjraHAiieB'E mucjib o 
BOBCTaHin. BoioAy vh HpjiaHAiH boshkrjdlh Rjiy6u ROH^eAepaxoBi"" *). 
06cysAaj[HCB npaKXH^ecRie BonpocBi bi BHAti RaRi oxpoHXB 6appH- 
saAH, ^im sanpnuaxB hxi h np. IIpaBExeJibcxBO npHHHJio pimH- 
TejUBHUH ifipu. Bi oepeAHHi Mapxa, bosah peBOJiDinioHHaro AHHsenis 
O'Epafieni (oxei^i EBBtcxnaro xenepB rom Hoeepa AsoHa O'Epaiena), 
MnreprB h MnxqejiB (peAaRxopu United Irishman) 6uj[h apecxo- 
BaHBi H o6BHHeHu B% rocyAapcTBeHHoft HBii^Hd^. OoxaBmieoH Ha cbo- 
6oAii bosah noonimHiH noAHJiXB BOBcxanie; ho BJiiflHie oxpamnoft 
satacxpo^u 1846 — 1847 rr., 6£ijio ojiHmROM'B ghjibho. HaH6ojite 
BHeprH^Hue nepeceuJiHOii bi AnepHRy. BoBcxanie He yAajiocB. 
BuicTO SO xiicH^i noBoxanaeBi hbhjiocb ne 6oJiBme 500 neBOopy- 
seHHJuxi RpecTBHH'B. J^BHsenle 6BIJD10 paBAaBJieno. HaqajiOH pHA'B 

nOJIHXH^eCRHXl npOI^eCCOBl, BaROHHHBniHXCH OypOBUMH npHfOBopaMH. 

Bosah, RaRi O'BpafieHi, Mnrepi, Mnx^eJiB, MaRi Mnnyci, Map« 
XBHi, O'JlodpxH ocyiKAenu 6£ijih bi RaxopsHUfl pa6oxu. J^pyrie 
yca^jiH 6iacaTB 3% AuepHRy. Bi ^HOJii noGJitAHExi HaxoAEJiofl 
ABaAi^axEnflXE-jrtxsifi Toproseni'B ebi EopRa — J^seHCi (yBpafleHi. 
Ohi, oo6cxBeHHO, 6uji% npoxEBi BoscxaHifl, xaRi RaRi AORasH- 
wuLTiy iTO napoA'B ne Exiexi EHRaREXi mancoBi na no6tAy bi na- 
OTOEH^ee BpeME. Bi xo se BpeHS JtseMci O'BpaSeHi rops^o 
ofijiH^ajEi yxipeHHUxi EpjraHAiieB'B, rpynnEpoBaBmExoa bobji^^ ra- 
BexBL , Nation'' h coBixoBaBmEX'B sacejieHiK) cha^xb texo e BusEAaxB 
pe^opm, AoCuxBixi nyxeHi HEpsoi arExaipE. IIo HEiEiio Jl^eHca 

*) A. M. Snllwau New Ireland, p. 85. 



124 PyCOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

O'BpafleHa, Kaac^oe npaBHTejiLCTBO ycTynaerE He Torjj;a, Kor^a eiiy 
AOKa»yTi»^ ^TO OHO nocTynaen fliypno, a xor/^a, Korflia y64aKa;aeT0«, 
qxo cjL^;];oBaTL cxapofi noJiHTHsi^ He BuroAHO H onacHO. He Bosoxa- 
Hie cxpaniHO anrjiiflcKOMy npaBHxejitcxBy, — ffOKasHBaji JI^aeMci 
O'EpafieHi, a ^eniaHCEiji xafiHua opranHsamH. Ha eetb moixsHa 
onHpaxLca napxia, Koxopaa noxpe6yex% pe$opMi y npaBHxejiBcxBa. 
Bo BpeMfl BOopyseHHaro Boacxanifl apaBHxeji&oxBO Bcer^a 6yAexii 
OHJiLHte Hapo^a. 

AnrjiificKoe npaBExejitcxBO BOCxopacecxBOBajio. ^ocJli;^OBaJIa ae- 
^lOKaa peaKn,ifl. Bi BXOMt oxHonieHiH Bt HpJiaHfl;iH noBXopHJiocB no^xH 
xo ae caMoe, qxo bi Hpyccin, HxajiiH h bi ABCxpin nocjrt 1848 r. 
Bi Ma^HAi^ bi> xo BpeMA cjitAOXBeHHaa no noJiHXH^ecKHMi A'^ji&i'^'^ 
KOMMHcciH nociaHOBJiajia xaKia ptmeHia: a xoxa, xaKoft-xo, hh 006- 
cxBeHHUMi cosHaHieii'b, hh o6cxoHxej[BCXBaMH A^Jia He yjiH^aexca, 
HO, npHHHMaa bo BHHManie ero yaopHoe saanpaxejiLCXBO, cjiiAT^^i^ 
npHSHaxt ero bhhobhhmi,. Bi Poccin bi axo Bpewa npHcyafl;ajiH Kt 
cuepxHofi sasHH, saMtHennofi KaxopsHUMH pa6oxaMH, JiBDAeS, n3o6j[H- 
^eHHMxi Bt ^xeaiH nHCLMa BtJiHHCKaro Kt ToroJiK) (j^tjio HexpanieB- 
i;eB'E). Jo xaKofl BHpxyo3Hofl acecxoKOCXH aHrjiiScKoe npannxejiLcxBO 
He Morjio ^oSxH, noxoMy ^10 Koe-KaKie $aKXH mopjih Bce ae npo- 
HiiKHyxB Bi ne^axb; ho peaKAia b% HpjiaHffiH npofl,oJiaajiacB no^xH 
HexiiipHa;^ii;axb jiix'B. 



m. 

Mh* npHxoj^HJiocL yae roBopnxB na cipaHHi^axt „PyccKaro Bo- 
raxcxBa** npo Hacjitfl;ie, ocxaBJieHHoe rojiOffOMi 1846—47 rr.: npo 
oxHomeHia jidH^jiopAOB'L ki ^epMepaMi, npo HsrnaHia 8a nenjia- 
xeai penxBi, npo desnpaBie, cjiobomi, npo npn^nnu, cosAaBmia 
arpapnoe ^BHaenie mecxnjuecaxHX'b toaob'l *), 

Ki axoMy BpeMOHH sa oEeanoMi no^pocjio HOBoe noKOJitHie 
HpjiaHji;ixeB'b. Mnorie h3i> hexi npHHHMajoLH BHj^Hoe y^acxie b'l 
6o^h6^ c^BepHBixi mxaxoBi ct> £)aHMMH. Bo BpeMa MHorojitxHefi 
boShu goxhh HpjianjimeB'E ne xojibEO nojEy^HJiH 6oeBoe Epen^enie, 
HO aanajiH BHAHHa Micxa 3% apMiH. Tyx'b 6hj[h KanHxanii, nojiROB- 
HHSH H Aaae 6pHra;(HHe renopa.7Tj. H Eor^a sa OKeanoM'b na 
aMepHRancEofi no^B^ sapoftHjiocB hoboo HpjiaHACEoe peBOJiK)ii;ioHHoe 
6paxcxB0 (Irish Revolutionary Botherhood), xo BoeHHHe, npHHaBmie 
y^acxie bi> hom'e, eoho^ho, mofjih j^yMaxB xojibEo 061 o^hoh'l: 
BoopyaeHHOicB BOBCxaniH. O^niiepaMi, EaKi Rannxany JlflSR, ejlb 
nojisoBHHEy KeJLJiH saaajiooB, qxo ne xojibro ne xpy;i;HO no^HaxB 
BGK) HpjiaHAiK), HO o^eHB jierso xasae pa86HXii anrjuScsia BoSosa 
^ L;^B08rjiaoHXb pecny6jiHRy, ecJiH Haftfl;exoa xopomifl opraHHBa- 

*) Cm. .OnepKH coepeMeHHOfl Anr/iiH* h ^Anr/iiftCKie CH^iyaibi" (Mp;iaHA- 

CKitt JICAOXv lb). 



H81 AHrJIIH. 125 

Topi. Ero HamjiH h nocjiajiH bi HpjraHjiJio. To 6bijii GTE^encb,. 
HOCHBinifi tetjjitj^ — Central Organiser of the Irish Republic (t. e. 
rjiaBHufl opraHHsaTopi HpjiaHACKofi peGny6jiHRH). 

Bi HpjiaH^^iH, Meany t^mi, BOBHHMa raaexa „Irish People" (pe- 
jiaKTopH — JlsoH'b O'JiHpH, ToMaci KjiapKi JIh)6h h HapjiLcx JI^aeMct 
KvKdaHi). Saj^a^eft ea 6£jjio— nponoB'b^luBaTL n^es) Boopysennaro 
BOBCTaniA h AOsadUBaTL napo^y, ?to, ch^a cnoKofino, onnb HHEor^a 
He nojRjieTCs pe^opsiu. ^HraxeJiffMi Mosexi nosasaTLCH cipafl- 
HHHi, ^T0 TaRas 6oeBafl raaeia Morjia npo;i;epsaTLCA eohth A^a 
roffa. 3x0 CBH^^txejiBCXByexi, npe3Kfl;e Bcero, Kone'iHO, o pa3Mi&- 
paxt CB060AH neqaxR bi Anrjin; ho cjit^tyen hm^xl bx BH^y 
xaMKe BHOxy. To 6hjio BpeMH — ^Kyjitxa naxpioxoBi-peBOjiioBiioHe- 
poB'E*', Kasi BupasHJiCH npo$. JlaficH. 

KoHcepBaxHBHaa ne^axB bt> AnrjiiH BHOCHJia bi yMH Hapfl^HyK) 
CMyxy. Ci OAHofi cxopoHu, ona npH8i>iBajia ri RpecxoBony noxo^y 
npoxHBi ^enieBi h hxi iiexo^^oBi 6opb6b3. Ha no^roxoBjieHie bos- 
cxaHifl wh Hp^iaHAiH xopiflcRa^r neqaxi> yR^BUBajia, RaRi Ha h^^^ito 
a;^cKoe. Ci spyroft cxopoHu, ona npocjiaBJiflrjia HxajTbaHCEHxi peBO- 
jnon.ioHepoB'L. 

PeBOJiioi^ioHHoe ^^BEseHie bi Hxajiin 6ticxpo pasBBBBJiocB. Bee 
anrjiiflcRoe o6ni;ecxBO cl aaxBaxHBaioniHM'E HHxepecoM'E cjtj^Hjio sa 
Go6uxiAMH. Ma^dHHE, FaBamiH, a b'b ocoCeHHOCxH — rapH6ajii>AH 61JJIH 
RyMHpaMH anrjiiflcRaro oon^ecxfia. nocji'^AHOi^y 6ujii ORasani bi 
JIoHj^oHt n;apcTBeHHHH npieM'B co cxopoHH apncxoRpaiiH h