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Full text of "Select works of the British poets, from Chaucer to Jonson, with biographical sketches"


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Whem Dr. Aikin published, in the year 1820, the Select Works of the 
British Poets, I observed, upon the publishers presenting me with a copy 
of the book, that, if I had been the compiler, it should'have ended just 
where it now began. No one will suppose that this casual observation 
was meant to disparage the contents of that volume ; what it implied was, 
aa opinion that the poets whose worlis were thus brought together had 
been, and were still, frequently reprinted in various forms*; but that 
the elder poets, the fathers of our poetry, were some very scarce, and 
others to be obtained only in the general collections of Dr. Anderson and 
Mr. Chalmers. 

Some years afterwards the publishers reminded me of what I had said, 
and asked me to edit such a volume as I had then wished for. It was an 
indispensable part of their plan that the Faery Queen and the Poly-olbion 
should lie included; and la^e as the volume is, the introduction of these 
poems made it necessary to curtail the selection which I would willingly 
have made from other authors. The reader will, however, find in it 
Hawes's Pastime of Reasure, which, not having been reprinted since the 
middle of the sixteenth century, had become extremely rare. The whole 
of Tusser is here also ; the greater part of Lord Brooke's poems ; some 
selections from Wither (which should have been much more copious if 
my limitfl had allowed) ; and some from Lovelace : none of these are in 
either of the general collections. Skellon, Gascoigne, and Habington, 
are not in Dr. Anderson's : Sackville not in Mr. Chalmers's. 

It is not to be supposed that I could afford either time or eyesight for 
correcting the proof sheets of such a volume. But there are two errors 
of my own which 1 take this opportunity of acknowlei^ing. 

I have said " itis certain that Chaucer wrote rhythmically rather than 
metrically." Dr. Nott has, in my judgement, proved this, and I entertain 

* The publishers beg to saj that thii eridence of the popularity of Ibese poenw 
iBdnccJ them to detire di«r being fonned into a collection in ■ lingle volume to b« gold 
« > low price. 

A 2 



no doubt of it whatever myself. But as the question is disputed, I ought 
to have expressed myself less positively ; especially since my old school- 
fellow and pleasant acquaintance, James Boswell the younger, was of a 
different opinion. His opinion upon any point of old English literature 
should be of great weight ; and I speak of him now, as I shall always 
think, with a friendly feeling of respect for his many good qualities, 
and of regret for his lose. 4 

The other error is of a different kind. I expressed a hope that the 
lost poems of William Browne might yet be found, not knowing at 
that time that they had been recovered, and printed in a very beautiful 
form by SirEgerton Brydges:.— one of the many services which he has 
rendered to tlie literature of hig country. 


itarch S6. 1831. 




Thi CinteittHTy Ttkln. 

Tb« Prolagae 

The Knighto Tal« 

Tbc Maa of Laweg Tale 

Tbe Clnk« Tale 

The Squtera Tsle 

Hk AsemUjof Foirli.... 

Of tbc Cuckow and tbe Nightingale 

Hk Fknrer ood the Leaf 

Good Coumail of Chaucer 

To tail empty Purw , 


The Bokeof Coljn Clout 

Tbe Boke of Pbjlip ^wow 

TbePMtiineDf Flesure 


Domptiou of the rertlen State of a Louer.., 

DeKTiptioo of Spring 

ComplauK of a Louer 

DevriptiiHi and Praise of his Loue Geraldine 
tbt Frailtie and Hurtfulness of Bcautie .... 
A Complaint of tbe Louer not betoued >,.,.» 
How eche Thing laue the Irfiuer in Spring 
ifuiuilh to Plvaiure 

CotDplairtt .„- , 

Riquot to hii Lone 

PiiuDer in Windsor 

A Pniv of his Loue 


Inductian to a Mirrour for Ma|;irtrates 

lU Compl^Dt of Henrye Duke of Buvking- 


File Hundred Fcrinta of good Huabandrjr.... 

Tbe Points of Huswifer; 

fw Men a perfect Warning, Ac, 

l^ncription of a Woman'a Age 

The Innholder's Poay 

Certain Table Leuoni 

Lessons for Waiting Serranta 

Husbandly Powes for the Hall 

Posies for the Parlour 

Posies for the Guest's Chamber 

thine own Bedchamber 

Sonnet lo the Lady Paget 

Principal Points of Religion 

The Author's Belief 

Of the Omnipotence of God, and Debility of 


Eleemosyna prodist Hominl in Vita, in 

Morte, et post Mortem 

Of two Sorti of Men, tbe one good, tlie other 

St. Barnard's Vereea ...,!..".!.r.'..!. !!!.!!..!.!! 

Of Ibe Author'! Linked Versea 

ITie Author'* Life 


The Arraigment of a Louer 

The Lullabie of a Louer 

Gascoigne's Good Morrow 

Gascoigne's Good Night ; 

Introduction (o the Psatme of de Profundi* . 

Gascoigne's De Profundia 

Gasctagnea Memories 

Epiuphvpon Captaine Bourcher. • 

The Fruitea of Warre 

Gascoigne's Gardenings 

Gascoigne's Voyage into HoUande 

The Sleek Glas.7. ; 

The Faerie Queen. 

Book I 

n :,;; ; 

III : 

IV. ;:.„;;;::; ; 


Two Canloe of Mutabilitie 


A IVeatie of Humane Learning gig 

Inquigition upon Fame and Honour S23 

A Trearie erf' Wsrres 533 

A Treatise of Monarchie 531 

A Trealitieof Religion 56^ 


A Funenl Poem upoD tbe Death of the Ute 

nobU Earl of DoTOiuhire 

A PuiegjTic Congratulitor]' to the King's 

most eicclleat Migestj 

To Sir TTloinaa Egerton, Knighl ___ 

To the Lord Henry Howard... S8g 

To tbe Lady Margaret, Counteu of Cuni- 

To tbe Lady Lucy, Counlen of Bedford .... _ _ 

To the Lady Anne Clifford JS4 

To Henry Wriotbedy Earl of SouthunplOD 5B5 

Sfuaophilu* ib. 

To the Angel Spirit of the most eicellent Sir 

Philip Sidney 594 

To tbe Right Reierend Father in God, Jamea 

Montague Bishop of Winchester S9S 


Nymphidia: The Court of Fairy 596 

FolyAilbioD 603 


On tbe Immortality of the Soul fiSe 

Orcbestia; or, a Poem on Uancinf; 706 


Tlie Annivemiy 714 

Tbe Bait 715 

The Will ib. 

The Funeral iU 

The Relique 716 

Upon the Lon of hit Mistress's Chain ib. 

To Sir Henry Goodyere- 717 

To tbe Coniilew of Bedford ib. 

To Mr. J. W 718 

To Mr. B. B ib. 

To Sir Henry Wootton ib. 

To Mm M. H 719 

Aiutomy of the World ib. 

A Funeral Elegy 723 

An El^y on the untimely Death of the in- 
comparable Prince Henry 724 

Obsequies on the Lord HaninglOD, ftc 7S5 

On tbe Lady MarVham 797 

On Mistress Boulstred ib. 

On the Same 73S 

Sonnets ib. 

Ode 730 

A Hymn to Cbrist TSl 


Ingiatelul Beauty threatened 7.1S 

Disdain returned ib. 

To Saxham ib. 

Epitaph* 733 

An Elegy upon tbe Death of Dr. Donne ... 734 

To my Friend, G. N _ ib. 

A New Year's Gift 735 

^B» the Queen 736 

'wter George Sands ib. 

I On Sight of a Gentlewoman'! Pace 73fi 

Songs „ 737 

ITiB Primrose ib. 

The Protestation „ ik 

Cielum Britannicum ib. 


Tie Purple Island „ -749 


P«rt 1 798 

II 799 

Urania r. ib. 

Flowers of Sion ib. 

Sonnet '„. eos 

To Sir William Aleiandei ib. 

Song ib. 

An Elegy _ 804 

Tears on the Death oifMteliadea 805 


Christ's Victofy in Heaven 807 

Christ's Triumph mi Earth 819 

Christ's Triumph over DeMb 818 

Christ's Triumph after Death 823 


The Sbepbeards Hunting 8S8 

ania's Pastorals. 


Book J 



utara. Parti. A Mitlrees 

To Castara. A Sacrifice 

To Castara, {^raying 

To Roses in (h.^ Bosome of Caslam 

To Castara. A Vow 

To Caslara, of his being in Loie 

To Mr. Endymion Porter 

To Castara 

To Castara, lofUy singing to her selfe 

To a Wanton 

To Uie Honourable H. B. Esqujrc 

To Castara, inquiring why I loved her .... 

To Castara, looking upon him 

To tbe Bight Hon. the Counlesse of Ar... 

Vpon Caslara'a Fmimeor Smile 

In Castara, all Fortunes „. 

Vpon thought Castara may dye 

On Sight of Castara 

To a Friend inquiring her Name, whom he 

A Dialogue betmm Hope and Fear I 

To Cupid, upon > Dimple in Cutan's 


Vp«a Cupid's Death and Burial in Cw- 

laia-a Cbeeke < 

To Fame 

A Dialogue betreen Araphill and Cattuv 
To Castaia, intending a Journey into tiie 

ComitiT i 

Vpon Caalara's Departure 

To CaslBia, upon a trembling Kia* at De. 

On CaHan lotting backe at her Departing 

Vpoa CaslBia's AbMncc 

To Cadaia, complaining her Abwnce in 

Ifae CouDtiT - 

To Thamw 

To (be Right Hon. the Earle of Shrewss ! 
To Cvpid, wiihing a apeedf Paaiage to 

To Castan, of Lore 

To the Sfiring, Tpon the uncertainty of 

Caataia's abode ! 

Ta Reason, Tpon Castara's Absence 

An Aniwere to Caitar*'* Queilion 

To Castaia, vpon tbedisguising his Afiection ! 

To the Honourable Mr. G. T 

Eccbo to KardaauE, in pniie of CaUara'i 

(tiicTete Xjotc -.-.>- .- 

To Castaia, bang debait'd her Presence... 
To Sefcaon, the House in which Cutara 


lb the Dew, in hope to see Cutara walking 


To Caataia, ventring to waike too farre in 

the nei^ibauriiig Woods 

Vpoa Castara's Departure 

A Dialogue between Night and Araphil... 
To (be Right Honourable the Lady 

E. P. 

To Caataia, departing upon the Approach 

of ITigttt _ 

An Apparition 

To the Honourable Hr. Wm, E. 

To Castara, tiie Vanity of ATBfiee 

To R. St Esquire 

To IheWorid. The Perfb^ion of Lore... 

To the Winter 

Upon a ^sit to Castani in the Night 

To Castva. On the Chaitit? of hia Lore 

Tbe Description of Castaia 

Castara. Partll. A Wife 

To Castan, now poeeeet of twr in Mar- 

To Castaia, upon tbemntusll LoTeof their 



IV Castaia m a IVsnce ... 

To Death, Caataia being ai> 

To Csstara, inviting her to sleepe • 

Tpon Castara's Reonerie 

~ ■ Friend, inriting him to a Meeting 
upon Promise ... 



Ts Castara, Tpon tbe Death of a Lady .. 

To Cotata, being to take a Journey 

To Castan, weefdng 

To Cssura, vpoR a S|^ 


To the Right Honourable the Ladj F. ... 991 

To Cutara, against Opinion „.,.. ib. 

To Castara, vpoa Beautie ib. 

To Castara, melancholly MS 

A DialMue between Aiaf^iill and Castaia ib. 

To the Right Honourable Lord M ib. 

To a Tombe ib. 

To Castan, upon Thought of Age and 

Death 993 

To tlie Right Honoursble the Lord P. ... ib. 

His Muse speaks to him ib. 

To Taine Hope ib. 

To Castara. How happy, thou^ in an 

obscure Fortune ib. 

To Castam tb. 

On tbe Doth of the Right Honouiable 

George Earl of 8. 994 

To my worthy Cousin, Ur. £. C, in Praise 

of the DtvLife, in the long Vacation.... ib. 

Love's Anoiversarie. To tbe Suane ib. 

Against them who lay Unchastity to the 

Sei of Women Ib. 

To the Rigfat Honourable William Earl 

of 8t 995 

To Caataia. Upon an Eml»ace ib. 

To the Honourable G. T. ib. 

To Castara. The Reward of innocent 

Love ib. 

To Sir L P. Knight 996 

To tbe Right Honourable Archibald Earle 

of Ar ib. 

Elegy upon the Honourable Henry Cam. 

bell, Sonne to the Earle of At. 997 

To Castani ib. 

To Castara. Of what we were before our 

Creation ib. 

To the Moment last past ib. 

To Castara. Of the Knowledge of Lots 998 
To the Right Honourable the Countease 

oTC ib. 

TheHarmony of Lore.... ib. 

To Sir Ed. P. Knight ib. 

To Castara 999 

To Castara. Of true Delight ib. 

To L C. Esquire ib. 

To Castara. What Loven will say when 

he and she aie dead .................. ,,... 1000 

To his Muse ib. 

A Friend ib. 

Tbe Funerals of the Honourable George 

Talbot, Esq. ib. 

Castara. Part III. A Holy Man 1009 

Nomine Labia mea aperies I0O4 

Vena est in Luctum Cythan mea ib. 

Ferdam Sapientiam Sapientum. To the 

Right Honouiable tbe Lord Windsor... 1005 

Paudtatem Dierum meonun nunda mihi ib. 

Non nobis Domine t006 

Solum mibi superest Sepulcfarum ib. 

Et Aigit velut Umbra. To tbe Ri|^t 

Hononrable the Lord Kintyre ib. 

Noi Nocti indicat Sdentiani loOT 

Et alta a longe cognosdt ib. 

Vnivenum SMtum qus renuti in Infiimi- 

tate qua 1008 

Laudale Dominmn deCwlis ib. 

Qui quasi Flos ^jreditur. To tbe Bight 

Honound>letheLad^Cat.T. 1009 

QuidgloriaritinMalicia? i<- 

Deiu Deui meui 

Quoninii ego in Flagella pintua aum 

Milidn eat Vlu Homids. To ,Sr Hen. 

Per. . 

19 Dorntne demonstr* mihl . . 

Et eialUTiC Humites 

Doniinua Dominuitium 

Cogitabo pro FeCCBbiineo 

Recogitabotibi omnes AnDos meos . 
Cupio dissolri 

The Dedicition. To the Riglit HonounbU 

the Lady Ann Lovelace , 101-1 

Song. To LucastB, going beyond Ihc Seas ib. 
Song. To LucMta, going to the Wars ,„. 1015 
The Gressfaopper. To my noble Frisiid, 

Mr. Charlat CoUon tb. 

On the Death of Mn. Eliiabeth Filnier. . 

An Ela^cal Epitaph .',.. ib. 

To Luca*ta. From FrUon 1016 

Song. To Alttacft. From Prtun ib. 



A. D. 13S8— MOO. 

Sovs &Cla hkve bceo preiemd concerning the 
pBaonal tuiuvy of Chiucer, but there U no deuiled 
mComiBtion. We leaiii from himself Ihsl be waa 
biBii ID Ixmdixi, which ID thoce agss was tboogbl 
■B hoDOur ; and it is certain that be wsa neither of 
Ugh nor of low both. Uia writings aflbrd soiue 
bidieatiai that he receJTed part of his educatina at 
f^mtindn, and lha« is a tradition that he studied 
at Oifim alio, unds- WickliOe, when that great 
1^ WB Warden of Canterbuij College. He had 
an annui^ of twen^ marks from Edward III., as 
nlei or yeoman of dw palace, an intermediate rank 
b at w eeu squire and groom. Afterwards he was 
made comptroller of the custom of wood, with the 
liarti ar om injunction, that *' the said Geoffrey write 
viih his own band bis rolls touching the said office, 
in his own proper perwn, and not b)r his substitute. " 
He waa also appointed comptroller of the unall 
tustotoi of wine in the port of Loodon, and had 
a grant far liie of a pitcher of wine dailf, which 
■aa aubsequentlj conunuted for twen^ marks a 
jear. John of Gaunt paQtmiaed him, and gare 
htm RnlippB Rouet in marriage, sister to hia own 
iiiisiiiM. and daughter to a knight of Hainault 
At tfai* Unie, his offlcea and the gnats which he 

bat fiar of £dwa(d't mgn, be was sent on a 

nwHijirraTi ot bis connection with the Lollards, 
waa brotigbt into danger. He fled to the continent ; 
waa imptiaooed on bis return ; and after sooie ill 
a party, and some riffour on the part 

did n 

! Without loss and 

But though. 

gfania from Richard II., which were confirmed bj 
I Ihe nanrper Heni;, it is said that his latter days 
I w*e embittered by diflleutties. He died on the 

2^1 of October, 1400, ami was buried in that part 
! of Wc^minster Abbey, which has since, in respect 

to hin^ been coDKcnted by the remains of many 
I, BagUsh poett, and the momimeitt* of more. 

Chaucer is not merely the ackoowledged £uber 
of English poetry, be is also one of our greatest 
poets. His proper nation is in the lirst class, 
with Speoser, and Siakspeare, and Milton ; and 
Shakspeare alone has equalled him in variety and 
Tersatility of genius. In no other country has any 
writer eflccted so much with a half-furmed lan- 
guage: retaining what wan popular, and rejecting 
what was bariiarous, he at once refined and enriched 
it ; and though it ia certain that his poetry is written 
rhythmically rather than metric^y, his ear led Iiim 
to that cadence and those forms of verse, which, 
after all subaeqaent eipeiiments, have been found 
moat agreeable to tlie general taste, and may, 
therefore, be deemed best adapted to the character 
of our speech. In some of liia smaller piecea, he 
has condescended to use the ornate style whidi 
began to be aJTected in his age ; Lut he has only 
used it as if to show that he had deliberately re- 
jected it in all his greater and better works. He 
drew largely from French and Italian authors; but 
in all his tnuialalioQs there is the stamp of bis own 
power; and bis original works are distinguished by 
a life, and streng^ and iiTadty, which nothing 
but original genius, and that of the highest order, 
can impart. Whoever aspirea to a lasting naioe 
among the English poets must go to the writings 
of Chaucer, and drink at the well-head. 

The Canterbury Tales have been excellently 
edited by Tyrwhitt ; his other works have been left 
to chance, and published without any otlier care 
than what Che oarrector of the press might please 
to beato* upon them. 

It should be remembered that Chaucer eipresses 
contrition for such of Ids writings as " sounen unto 
sin," and prays Christ of hia mercy to forgive him 
for the guilt he had incurred thereby. He is said ' 
I have cried out repeatedly un his death-bed. 

Woe is me, that I cannot recall and annul these 
things 1 but, alas, they are continued from iimn to 
and I cannot do what I desire. " 

t, Google 


\V KAKHi that April with his ■houm aotc 

Tbe dmughte of Much hath perced to tbc roC«, 

And bathed ever; veine in swiche licnur, 

or whJche veitue engendied is the flour ; 

Whan Zephinu eke with hia Kite brethe 

Enspiied hatb in every bolt and betbe 

Tbe tendre croppes, and Che yonge sonne 

Hath in the Ram tjs halfe cours yronne. 

And BniaJe foule* maJcen melodic, 

That alepen alle nigbt with open eye. 

So priketh hem nature in hir coiages ; 

Than longen folk to gon on pilgrinutges, 

And palmers for to neken sbango strondeOi 

To serve halwea couthe in sondry landes ; 

And specially, from every shirea endo 

Of Englelond, to Canterijury they wende. 

The holy bUtful martyr for to seke, 

Tliat bem hath holpcn, wtian that they were aekc, 

Befelle, that, in that seson on a day. 
In Southwells at the lUiard as I lay, 
Red^ to weodcn on my pilgrimage 
To Canterbury with devoute comge. 
At night was come into that boslelrie 
Wei nine and twenty in a cxnupagnie 
or sondry folk, by aventure yftlle 
In felaw^p, and pilgrimes were they alle, 
That toward Canterbury wolden ride- 
The chambres and the stables weren wide. 
And wel we weten eaed atte begte. 

And shortly, whan the sonne was gon to reste. 
So hadde I spoken with hem everich on. 
That I was of hir feUwship anon. 
And made forword erly for to rise. 
To take oure way ther as I you derae. 

But nathelea, while I have time and space, 
Or that 1 forther in this tale pace. 
Me thinketh it accordant to reson. 
To tellen you alle the condition 
Of eche of bem, so aa it semed me. 
And wtdche they weren, and of what degre ; 
And eke in what arue that they were inne : 
And at ■ knight thau wol I finte beginite, 

A KmoBT ther was, and that b worthy man. 
That fhi the time that be ftrate began 
To riden out, he loved chevalrie, 
Troulhe and honour, fredom and curtene. 
Ful worthy was he in bis loidea werre, 
And therto hadde be ridden, no man ferre, 
Ab wel in Crislendom as in Hethenesae, 
And ever bonauivd for his wortbinesse. 

At Alisandre he was whan it was wonne. 
Ful often time he hadde the bord b^onne 
Aboven alia nations in Pruce. 
In Lettowe hadde be reysed, and in Ruce, 
No ciiilen man bo ode of his degre. 
Id Gemade at the liege An hadde be be 
Of Alge«r, and ridden in Belmarie. 
At Leyes was he, and at Satalie, 
Whan they were wonne ; and in the Crete see 
At many a noble armee hadde he be. 
,, An moital bataillcs hadde he ben fiftene, 
' oi^bten for our fiuth at Tramisscne 

In Ustcs Ibriet, and ay alain his fo. 

This like worthy knight hadde ben also 
Somtime with tbe lord of Palalie, 
Agen another bethen in Turkic : 
And evermore he hadde a sovereine pris. 
And though that he was worthy he was wiie. 
And of his port as meke as is a mayde. 
He never yet no viianie oe nyde 
In alle his tif, unto no manere wight. 
He was a veray parfit gentil knight. 

But for to tellen you of bis araie, 
Hia hors was good, but he ne was not gaie. 
Of fuBtian he wered a gipon, 
Alle beamotred with his habergeon, 
For he was late ycome fro his viage. 
And wente for to don his pilgrimage. 

With him ther was hia sone a yonge Sutriia, 
A lover, and a lusty bacbeler. 
With lockes crull as they were laide in preae. 
Of twenty yere of age he was I gesse. 
or his Btaturebe was of even lei^^. 
And wonderly deliver, and grete of strengtiw. 
And he hailde be somtinie in cbevachie, 
In Flaundres, in Artoii, and in Kcardie, 
And borne him wel, as of so Utel space. 
In hope to slonden in his ladies grace. 

Embrouded was be, as it were a mede 
Alle ful of freshe floures, white and rede. 
Singing he was, or floyting all tbe day. 
He was as freshe aa is the moneth of May. 
Short was his goune, with sieves long and wide. 
Wel coude he sitte on hora, and fayre ride. 
He coude songes make, and wel endite, 
JuBte and eke dance, and wel pouitraie and write. 
So bote he loved, that by nigbtertale 
He slep no more than doth the lUghlingale. 

Curteis he was, lowly, and servuable^ 
And carf before his fader at the table. 

A Te»ih hadde he, and serranles no mo 
At that time, for him luste to tide so ; 
And he was cladde in cote and bode of grena 
A sheft of peacock arwes bright and kene 
Under his belt he bare ful thriiUly. 
Wel coude be dreaae his takel yemanly : 
His arwes drouped not with fetheres lowe. ' 

And in his bond he bare a mighty bowe. 

A not-hed hadde he, witii a broune visage. 
Of wood-craft coude he wet atle the usage. 
Upon his arme he bare a gaie bracer. 
And by his side a swerd and a bokeler. 
And on that other side a gaie daggere, 
Hameised wel, and sharpe aa point of apere: 
A Cristofre on his breBte of silver shene. 
An home he bare, the baudrik waa of giene. 
A forster was lie aothely as 1 gesae. 

This was also a Nonne, a Puoanai, 
That of hire smiling was ful simple and coy ; 
Hire gretest othe n'as but by Seint Etoy ; 
And she was cleped madame Eglentine, 
Ful wel she sajige the service devine, 
Entuned in hire nose ful swetely ; 
And Frvuche she spake ful fayre and fetisly. 
After the scole of Stratford atte bowe. 
For Frenche of Paris was to hire unknowe. 


At nwce waa die itel jtan^lle whhalla; 
Smb lette DO mcffflel from hizv lippes &jlei 
Ne •■-ette hire fingres in hire uuee depe. 
Wei coude she carie a nuH^, and wel kape, 
Tbtftc DD drope ne fell upon hire birat* 
In curteaa waa aeoe ful mocbe hire laaL 
Hire (TTer lippe wiped ahe ao clene, 
Thai in hire cuppe waa uo teiihing lezie 
Of grea^ wbaa she dronkcn hadde Ure draoght. 
Ful aonelj Bfta- hire mele ibe rauglit. 
And nkerlj abe waa of giele di^HHt, 
And All plesant, and aouable of pert. 
And peined hire to contrefeten cbere 
Of court, and ben eatatelich of maoer^ 
And to ben h<^den digne of reroeoce- 
But fot to tpekea of hire oonadoux^ 
Sbe ns ao chaiilaUe and ao plloua. 
She voids vepe if that ahe «<r a moiu 
Canghte in » trafipe, if it were ded or bledde. 
Of amale boundea badde ibe, Uwt dw tedde 
With roated Beih, aod milk, and waald brede. 
But gore wept she if en of bem were dede. 

Fill aetnel; hire wimple ypinched was ; 
Hire noae tretii ; her ejen gre; aa glaa ; 
Hire mouth ful Emale, and tbuto boA and red ; 
Bnt aifcerlf ibe badde a bjn forehed. 
It was olinost a apasDe brode I Crowe ; 
For haidily ihe waa not undeigTOwe. 

Fat fetiae waa hire cloke, aa 1 waa wan^ 
Of nnale conll aboute hire arm abe ban 
. glided all w 
IE a brocbe of g< 
Oa whicbe was fint ywriten a crouned A, 
And after, jtmor trmdl omma. 

Another NoinrB alao with bin badde ibe 
Tbat waa hire cbqi^ciD^ and Fasnru ihre. 

A UoSK ther w 

afi^n lor the m 

And de » li 

, to ben an lUiot able, 
ante hoia badde be in stable : 
rode, men mighte Ma bridel here 
I whittling wind m clcre, 
loads, aa dMb the chapell belle, 

TVr •. tW. lead wa. keper of the celle. 

The reule rf aeint Haure and of udnt Beneit, 

Because thrt it waa olde and amndele atreit. 

lUa iike mook lette olde tluDges pwx, 

And held alter the newe world Ibe tnoe. 

He Tare not of the text a pulled hen. 

Ne tbat It monk, whan he a rekkelea. 

la Eke to a fiab that ia walerlea ; 

Tlea ia to a*}, a monk out of tua clMMre. 

Tin iike text held be not woith an oiatre. 

Aad I ^ U. oianicm waa good. 

Vl-t dinlde 1. atudie, and make UmtelTen wood. 

Upgai a bonk in eb^atre alw^ to pore. 

Ornrinken with bia hondea, and laboure. 

M Auatin bit? how thai tbe world be aerred? 

Let Aoadn bate bia awink to him reaerved. 

Tboftre be WM « piickaaoure a right ; 

GreOKmnde. be badde aa awift as foul of flight ; 

Of pricking n>d of hunting fla^ the hare 

Vaa an bU luK, far no OKt wtOde ba apWB. 

1 Bw tm alena pnrfiled at the hood 

^ab gii», and that the fiDM ofOie load. 

And for to fiuten bi* hood under hii i-iitinui 
He hadde of gold ywrought a curioua pinne : 
A love-knotte in the greter endc tfafr waa. 
Ilia bed waa balled, and ahone aa anj glaa. 
And eke his face, aa it hadde ben anmnt. 
He waa a lord ful bt and io good pmnL 
Hia eyen atepe, and rolling in hia bed, 
That Uemed aa • forneia of ■ ted. 
His bootea aouple, his bois in gret eita^ 
Now certainly he waa a byre pielat. 
He wai not pale m a fbrpined goat. 
A bt swan loved he beat of any mat. 
Hia palfrey waa as broune as ll • beiy. 

A Fai 

ful aolempne man- 
In all the ordtea foure is non tbat can 
So moche of daliancc and fayn langags. 

He hadde ymade ful many a xnariagA 

Of yonge wimmen, at hia onen com. 

Until his ordn be was a noble poM. 

Ful wel beloTcd, and tamitieT' waa hs 

With fiankeleina orer all in bia contree, 

And Ae with worthy wimmen of the toun : 

For he had power of confenion, 

Aa aalde himaelfe, more than a curat. 

For of his oidre be was licentiat. 

Ful swetely herde be confession. 

And plesant was his absolution. 

He was an eaj man to giie penance, 

Ther as he wiate to ban a good pitaoce i 

For unto a poure ordre for to give 

la signe that a man is wel yahrive. 

For if he gave, be dorsle make avsnt. 

He wiate tbat a man waa repentant. 

For many a inau so haid is of his herte, 

Therfore in stede of weping and praierea, 
Men mote give silver to the poure freres. 

His tippet was ay &ned ful of knives. 
And pinnea, lor to given fiyrt wives. 
And certainly he hadde a meiy note. 
Wel coude be nnga and plaien on a iota. 
Of yeddingt* Iw bare utteriy the piia. 
His nekke waa white aa the Aour de lis. 
Tberto he (trong was as a ^tampioun. 
And knew wel the tavemes in ever; toun. 
And every liosteler and gay t^Mtcre, 
Better than a laaax or a beggere. 
For imto swtche a worthy man as be 
Accoideth nought, aa by hia faculte. 
To haven with siiui laaua atqualntailBe. 
It is not boncM, it may not avance. 
As for to delen with no swiche pouraiUe, 
But all with riche, and tellers of vitaiUe. 

And over all, tfaer as profit ahuld aiiia, 
Curtns he vtas, and lowly of aerviae. 
Ther n'as no man no wher so vertuons. 
He was the beste b^ger in all bii hout : 
And gave a ceitaine ferme for the grants 
Non of his bretbcien came in hit hsunL 
For though a widewe hadde but a shoo, 
(So plesant was bis In prindpil/) 
Yet wold he have a ferthing or he went. 
His pourchas was wel better than his rent. 
And rage bs coude aa it badde ben a whelp. 
In lovedayes, ther coude be mochet help. 
Fiv tbet was he nat like a ' ' - 
Wth ttmdbarc cope, as is a p< 
B S 

But be was like a wisui or a pope, 
or double wonted *>■ hia aetnicope. 
That round was h a belle out oT the prenc. 
Snmwhat be lisped for his wantonoene, 
To make his Bnf^liali swete upon his tonge ; 
And in his harping, wbaD that he hadde songe. 
His eyen Ewinkeled En his hed angttt 
As d(Ui the sterres in a tVosty night. 
This worthy limiunir waa cicpcd Hubeid. 

A MAKcaAMT was ther with a forked herd, 
In mottdee, and higbe on faois he nat. 
And on his bed a Flaundrish bewr hat. 
His bootea elapsed fayre and fetialy. 
His mona sp^e be tu\ solempnel;, 
Souning alway the encrese of his winning.^ 
He wold the see were kept for any thing 
Betwixen Middelburgh and Oreweli. 
Wei coud be ia eacbanges sheldea aelle. 
This worthy man fill wel his wit beaette ; 
Ther wiate no wight that he was in dette, 
80 stedebatly diiUe he hii goremance. 
With his bo^eines, and with bii cheTiaance. 
Foraotbe be was a worthy man witballe, 
But aoth to nyn, I n'ot how men him calle. 

A CuaK tber was of Oxenforde alio. 
Tint unto logUe badde long ygo. 
Aa lene woa his hon as is a rake. 
And be was not right tU, I undertake ; 
But loked holwe, and therto soberly. 
Pul thredbare was hia orereit courtepy. 
For be hadde getea him yet no beneftce, 
Ne was nought worldly to have an office. 
For him was leiET han at his beddea bed 
Twentv bokes clothed in blake or red. 
Of Aristotle, and hia philoaophie, 
"Diaii mbea riche, or fide), or sautrie. 
But all be that he waa a pbiloaophre, 
Yet hadde be but lilel gold in cofre. 
But all that be might of his (rendes bente. 
On bokei and on lenung he it spenle, 
And beaily gao for tlie soulea piaie 
Of hem, tliat yave him wherwitb to soolaie. 
Of atudie toke be moste cure and hedc. 
Not a word spake be more than was nede ; 
And that was aaid in fbime and reverence, 
And abort and qnfte, and ful of high sentence. 
Souning in moral vertue was his specbe, 
And gladly wolde he leme, and gladly tecbe. 

A SiaaiAHT or ma la we ware and wise, 
That often hadde yben at the paniia, 
Tber waa alao, ful ricbe of eiceUencc 
Diacreta he waa, and of giet rereicnce : _ 
He semed swicbe, hia wordes were so wise. 
Justice he was fol often in assise. 
By patent, and by pleinc commisaiouu j 
For hia science, and for bis high renaun, 
Of ftes and robes had he many on. 
So grete a pourcbasour was no wbar non- 
All was fee nmple to bim in effect, 
Hia pourchaaing might iv>t beo in auipect. 
No wher so beay a man ■■ be tber n'as. 
And yet he seined bener than be was. 
In tenoea badde he caa and domes alle, 
That flxitba time of king WilL weren falle. 
Therta he coude endits, and utake a thing, 
Ther CDtide no wight pinche at his writing. 

And.eieiy stntuie coude be plaloe by rote. 
He rode but homely in a medlee cote. 
Girt with a seint of silk, with barres snale ; 
or bis array tell I no lenger tale. 

A FaAHcnaiH waa in thia eompagnie 1 
White was his berd, ob is the d^esie. 
Of his complexion be was sanguin. 
Wel lored be by the morwe a sop in win. 
To liien in delit was ever hia wone, 

That held opinion^ that plein delit 

Waa versily felidte parfite. 

An houaholder, and that a giele was he ; 

Seint Julian be was in his ctmtree. 

His brede, hii ale, waa alway after on; 

A better envyned man was no wher non. 

Witfaouten bake mete never was hia boua. 

Of fish and flesh, and that so plenteous. 

It snewed in his boua of mete and drinke. 

Of alle drinteei that men coud at thinke. 

After the sondry sesons of the yere. 

So changed be hia mete and his (oupare. 

Pul many a Eu paitrich hadde be in mewe. 

And many a breme, and many a luce in atewe. 

Wo was hii coke, but if his sauce were 

Poinant and abaipe, and redy all bis gerb 

Hia table dormant in his halle aliray 

Stode redy covered alle the longe day. 

At sessions ther iras he Iprd and sire, 
Ful often time be was knight of the ahire. 
An anelace and a gipciei« all of silk, 
Heng at bis girdel, white ah morwe inilh, 
A aheraie hadde he brai, and a countour. 
Waa no wher swicbe a worthy Tavasour. 

An HABBanaaHBa, and a CAanirna, 
A, a Darxa, and a TAnsaa, 
Were alle yclotbed in o livere, 
Of a solsnpne and grete fVatemile. 
Pul fresbe and newe bir gen ypiked was. ' 
Hir knivea were ychaped not with biws 
But all with silver, wrought ful clene and we1> 
Hir girdeles and hir pouches every del. 
Wel aemed ecbe of hem a &yre buigo^ 
To ntlen in a gild halle, on the deis. 
Everich for the wisdom that be can, 
Waa shapelicb for to ben an atdermaii. 
For catel badden they ynough and rent. 
And eke hir wives wolde it wel aaaent : 
And ellee cfrtainly they were to blame. 
It is ful fayre to ben ydepcd madame, 
Aikd for to gon to vigilea all before. 
And have a mantel inUich ybore. 

A Con they hadden with hem fer tlw noiws. 
To bmle the chikenes and the marie bones, 
And poudre marcbani, tart and galingale. 
We] coude he knowe a draught of London ale. 
He coude roste, and sethe, and broile, and &ie, 
Maken mortrewea, and wel bake a pie. 
But gret harm was it, aa it thoughle me, 
lliat on hia sfainne a monnal hadde he. 
For blanc manger tbat made be with the bast 

A SianUH was tber, woned fer by West; 
For ought I wote, be waa of Dertanouth. 
He rode upon a rouncie, as he coutbe. 
All in a goune of Aiding to the knee. 
A dagger hanging by a las hadde bee 


AboBt lu* ndike nndar his wm sdoun. 

^M bote aocnmeT haddn nude his hewe wl broun- 

Aod cotainlj be wm ■ good felaw. 

Fill many m dnuight of win be hadde dnv 

P^am Burcieui wwd, while tb>t the chapmen ileiw. 

Of nice conacience toke be do kepe. 

Ifthu be bugbl, and halde the higher band. 



Tha warn non awiche, from Hull unto Catt^^e. 

Had; he wm, and wIk, 1 undertake : 

Wiifa man; a teoipeit hadde hit herd be ihdie. 

He knew wel alle the hatens, a* they were, 

Pro Godaod, to the Cape de Gnistere, 

And e » eij crcke in Brelagne and in Spaioe ; 

Hb barge jdeped waa the Magddune. 

WiM> Ds tber waa ■ Doint>oa or Phudi^ 

He kept bia patient a ful gret del 
In hoiirea by hia magike natureL 
Wd coode he fortunen the aacendent 
Of hk imagei for bia patient- 
He koew tbe cauae of every maladie, 
Went it of cold, or bote, or ntoist, or diie. 
And wbo' engoidied, aiid of what humour. 
He waa • ntf parflte practiiour. 
The (wna yknow^ andt^hU harm the rote, 
AnoB be gtn to Ibe nke man hia bola. 
FdI red; badde he hk ^Mthecariea 
To aend him dragges, and his lettuariea, 
For edie of hem made other for to winne : 
Hir fiendahip n'aa not newe to beginne. 
Wd knew be the <^d Eaculapiua, 
And Vitmconiea, and eke Rufua ; 
Old Hippoeraa, Half, and Gallien ; 
Saa f ioa, Rarii, and Ancen ; 
Arenns, Dameacene, and Conatsntin ; 
Bctnard and Galiaden, and Gilbertin. 

n of Iprca, ao 

In all the patMi wif ne waa tber non, 

Th^ to the oOring befiire hire AuJde gon, 

Asd if tber did, cotain ao wroth waa abe, 

TbK ibc waa out of alle cbatitee. 

Htic eoTen ehi eft wetcn ful fine erf' ground ; 

I dame rwtn^ tbey wejeden a pound i 

TkM on the Sooday were upon hire hede. 

Bite hnam weren of fne scarlet rede, 

Fn] nelle iteyed, and ■hooo ful mmat and newi 

Bold w« hire bee, and layTe and rede of hew, 

*" woitlij womaa aD hire Un, 

Witbouten other ompagnie in youtbe. 
But therof nedeth not to apeke ai nouttae. 
And Ihriei hadde she beti at Jeruaaleme. 
She hadde passed many a strange itreme. 
At Rome sbe hadde ben, and at Boloine, 
In Calice at Seint James, and at Coloine. 
She coude mocbe of wandiing by the way. 
Gat-lotbed was she, sothly for to aay. 
Upon an ambler esily she «t, 
Ywimpled wel, and on hire bede an hat. 
As brode as is a bokeler, or a tsrge. 
A fote mantel about hire bippei large, 
And on hire fete a pair of sporres sharpe. 
In felawship wel csude she laughe and carpa. 
Of remedies of lore she knew parcbance. 
For of that arte (be coude the olde dance. 

A good man tber was of rriigioun. 
That was a poure Piasona of a toun i 
But liche be was at holy thought and werk. 
He waa also a iemed man, a clerk. 
That Criates gospel trawely wol^ preche. 
His parisbens deroutly wolde he teche. 
Benigne he was, and wonder diligent. 
And in adrenite ful patient : 
And swiche he waa yprered often sithes. 
Ful loch were him to cursen for hi* tithes. 
But rather wolde he yeren out of doute. 
Unto his poure parishena idMul>i 
Of his oflHng, and eke of Us substaiMe. 
He coude In Htd thing bare suffiaance. 
Wide waa his pati^ ud houaea far aaonder, 
But he ne left nought for no rain ne thonder, 
In sikenene and in mischief to nsite 
Tbe ftrresi in hia parish, mocbe and lite, 
Upon his fete, and in his hand a staf. 
This noble ensample to his shepe he yaf, 
That first he wrought, and aftra-ward he taught,. 
Out of the gospel be the wordes caught. 
And this figure he added yet therto, 
That if gold niste, what ahuld iren do ? 
For if a preest be foule, on whom we trust. 
No wonder is a lewed man to rust i 
And shame it i^ if that a preest take kepe, 
To see a sbitlen shepherd, and dene shepe : 
Wel ought a preen ensample (or to yere. 
By his clenencaae, bow bis shepe shulde lire. 

He sette not his benefice to hire. 
And lette his shepe ocombred in the mir^ 
And ran unto London, unto Seint PouIcb, 

lim a chonterie for aoulca. 
Or with a brotbeibede to be withoJd : 
But dwelt ai borne, and kepte wel bia fold. 
So that the wolf ne made it not miacaiie. 
He was a shepherd, and no menxnaiie. 
And though he holy were, and rertuoua, 
He waa to siiiAil men not dispitous, 
Ke of bis npeche dangerous ne digne. 
But in his teching discrete and benigne- 
To drawen folk to beren, with birenewe. 
By good ensampte was his beainease : 

What ao be were of higfae or low ealat. 
Him wolde be anibben sharply for the ncMies. 
A better preest I trowe that no wber non is. 
He waited after no pompe ne rererence, 
Ne maked him no spiced conscience. 
But Crisles lore, and his a^Kistles twelve. 
He taught, htit first be folwed it btniselTO. 

WnHhlm tberma a PwmuH, wu hfa bratber, 
That hadde j]tii of dong At) mao; a fothsr. 
A trewe swinker, and a good was be, 
Urii^ in pees, and paifile chaiitee. 
God loTcd he beMe with alle bU herte 
At alle liines, were it gain or smertei 
And than hia n«ghebour right as hinxelve. 
He wolde thresh, and tberto dike, and delve. 
For Ciistea soke, for every poure wight, 
Withoulen hire, if il lay in hla might, 

Hia tithes ptued he ftU fayre and wel 
Both of his propre swiuke, and hia cateL 
In ■ tabard be rode upon a mere. 

Tber was also a reve, and a millere, 
A sompnour, and a pardoner also, 
A manciple, and myself, tber n'ere no mo. 

TBI Miu-iB was a stout at\ for the nones, 
Ful bigge he was of braun, and eke of bones ; 
That proved wet, for over all tber he came. 
At wrastling he wold here away the ma. 
He was dioit shuldered brode, a tlukke gnarre, 
Ther n'as no doie, that ha n'alde heve of barre. 
Or brake it at a renning with his bede. 
His herd as any sowe or fox was rede. 
And theito brode, as though it were a ^ade. 
Upon the cop ri^it of his nose he hade 
A weit, and theion stode a tnfte of heres, 
Rede as the bristles of a sowes eres. 
His nose^irles blacke were and wide. 
A swerd and bokeler, bore be by his side. 
His mouth as wide was a> a fomeis. 
He was a jangter, and a gollardeis, 
And that was most of sinne, and harlotries. 
Wd coude be stelen come, and tcdlen thiies. 
And yet he had a thomb of gold parde. " 
A white cole and a blew hade wered be. 
A baggepipe wel coude he blowe and soune. 
And therwittuU he brought ui out of toune. 

A gentil IffAHCirLi wvs ther of a temple. 
Of whidi achatours mighten take Muemple 
For to ben wise In bylng of vitaille. 
For whether that he paide, or toke by taiUe, 
Algate he wwted so in his achate. 
That he was ay befbre in good estate. 
Now is not that of Ood a ful fayre grace, 
Tliat swiche a Icwed mannes wit shal pace 
TIm wisdom of an hepe of lered men ? 

Of maisten had he mo than thries ten. 
That were of lawe Expert and curious : 
or which ther was a dossn In tint hous. 
Worthy to ben stewardes of rent and lond 
Of any Ind that is in Englelond, 
To maken bim lire by his propre good, 
In honour dettdes, but if be were wood. 
Or live as scanly, as him list desire ; 
And able for to helpen all a slure 
la any eas that mighte taSra or happe ; 
And yet this manciple sette hir alter cappe. 

Titt Rcvi was a slendre colerike nian, 
His berd was shave as neighe as ever he can. 
Hia here was by his eres round yshome. 
Hia top was do^ed like a preest befomc. 
Ful longe were hia legges, and ful lene, 
YUke a staff*, ther was no calf ysene. 
Wel coude he kepe a ^mer and a Wnne : 
Ther was non auditotir coude on him winne. 

Wel wist« he by tha drought, and by the ina, 
Hw yelding of his seed, and of hia grain, 
'ordes sbepe, his nete, and his dorie, 

.wine, his honi, his store, and his pultrie* 
Were holly in this reres governing. 
And by his covenant yave he rekening, 
"' 'lat his lord was twenty yeic of age ; 
Tlier cDude no man bring him in aietsge, 
Ther n'as baillif, ne herde, ne other bine. 
That he ne knew his sleight and his cnvine : 
They were adradde of him, aa of the delh. 
His wonning was ful ttjre upon an helh. 
With grcne trees yshadewed was his place. 
He coude better than bis lord pourChace. 
Ful riche be was ystored privily. 
His lord wel coude he plesen subtiUy, 
To yeve and lene him of his owen good. 
And have a thank and yet a cote and bood. 
In youthe he lemed hadde a good mistere. 
He was a wel good Wright, a carpentere. 
"^ ' reve aate upon a right good sCot, 
That was all pometee grey and higbte Scot, 
A long surcote of peree upcm he hade. 
And by liis side lie bare a rus^ blade 
Of Norfolk was this reve, of which I tell, 

le a loun, men elepeu Baldeswell. 
Tucked he was, as is a &ere aboute. 
And ever he rode the hindereat of the route. 

A Soumooa was ther with us in tliat place, 
Ttut hadde a cberubinnes ftoc, 

■atisefleroc be was, with eyen narwe. 
As bote he was, and likerous as a sparwe. 
With Bcalled browes blake, and pilled berd : 
Of hia visage children were sore aferd. 
Ther n'as quiksiWer "■ ... 

«le of ta 
It that wolde dense or Ute, 


That him might Itelpeu of his whelkes whiter 
Ne of the knobbes sitting on hia chekea, 
Wel loved he garlike, onions, and lekea, 
And for to drinke strong irin as rede as blood. 
Than wolde he apeke, and crie as he wen wooi 
And whan thst he wel dronken had the win. 
Than wold he apeken no word but Latin. 

! leimes coude he, tvro or three. 
That he had temed out of som decree ; 
No wonder is, he herd it all the day. 
And eke ye knowen wet, how that a jay 
Can ctepen watte, as vicl ss can tlie pope. 
But who so wotde In other tUng him gn^e, 
Tban hadde he apent all his philosophies 
Ay, Quettio gvidjurii, wotde he crie. 
He was a genlil harlot and s kind ; 
A better felaw shulde a man not And. 
He wdde suSre tar a quart of wine, 
A good felaw to tiave lus concubine 
A twelve montli, and eicuse him at the f\ilL 
Ful privety a finch eke coude be pulL 
And if he found o where a good felawe. 
He wotde techen him to tiave ntm awe 
In swiche a cas of the archedekenes curse ; 
But if a mannes saute were in liis purse t 
For in his putse be shulde ypunished be. 
Puise ia the archedekenes lielte, said lie. 
But wel I wote, he lied right in dede ; 
Of cursing ought eche gitty man him drede. 
For curse wot sle right as aasoiling saveth. 
And also ware bim of a tigai/lauit. 


In danger badda he at hii owen giM 
^M jnngc p^ of the diocisBi 
And knew hir caaaal, and wu of fair rede. 
A gcHond hadde he sette upon hii bede, 
At gnt m H were for an alstake : 
A bokeler hadde be made bun of a cake. 

WrtH Um tba rode a gmlil Pitnomvt 
or H«uiionaU, bU &end and hu campen, 
Tbmi Mrdt ni comen ftnn the coiut of Bane. 
Pol loude be lang, Cone hither, lore, to me. 
TUs BCKiip^inr bare to Mm a Miffburdaun, 
Was aem trooape cd half lo gret a soun. 
Tbia paniooer had here aa jelwe as wax. 
But sluth it heng, ai doth a strike of flu : 
B; vncB beng his loUces that he hadde, 
And tberwitfa be his sfaulden orenpradde. 
Fnl thinne it lay, b; culpom on and on, 
But bode for joHtc^ ne wered he lun. 
For it was truncd up in his wallet. 
Him tluM^lit he roik al of tbe uewe get, 
DidieTele, sauf hii ct^ipe, be rode all baie. 
Swidie glariiig ejen hadde he, as an hare. 
A T^micle hadde he sewed upon bit cappe. 
Hia irallct laj beJbme him in his l^pe, 
Bfct.Jul of pardon eonte fema Rome al bote. 
A mis be badde, aa imale has bath a gole. 
No berd hadde be, ne mner non shuld have, 
Aa vnotbe it waa as it were newe abare ; 
I ln>we be were a gelding ra a mare. 

But erf' his ciaft, fro Bswike unto Ware, 
Ne was tfaer iwich an otfaer paidonere. 
For in hii male he hadde a pilwebere, 
Wbidi, as he Mide, was our lodiea veil : 
He laide, he badde a gobbet of tbe aeyl 
Whidw Seiqt Peter had, whan that he went 
Upon tbe see, till Jeau Crist him bent. 
He bwl acrossfrf'laton full of stoiMa, 
And in a glaa he hadde piggea bones- 
Bat with these relikei, whanne that be fond 
A pDure peiwme dwelling up tm loud, 
UpoD a ^7 be gat him more montae 
Tban that tbe penone gat in monethca tweie* 
And thus with fiuiwd Battering and japes, 
He made tiie pemme, and tbe peple, bis apca. 

But trEwel7 to tellin atte last. 
He was in diircbe a noble ecdeaiaaL 
Wei coude be lede a lenon or a storie. 

For wel he wiile, whan that song was songe, 
He most preche, and wel afile bis tonge, 
To wiune dlier, as be light wel conde : 
llaribn he gang tbe meiier and loada. 

Now hate I told jou sbntljr in a dauae, 
IVeatal, tb'anie, tbe nombre, and eke the caus 
Whj that anembled was thia compaguie 
In Southwcik at this gentil bostelrie, 
That bigfale tbe Tabatd, bate by the Belle. 
But mw is time to you for to telle, 
How that we baren us that like night, 
Whan we were in that hoalelrie alight 
AlHl after wol I teUe of our ' 

n jou Ur wordv and bir cbere ; 
He tbough I ^eke hir wordea proprelf . 
F«i lUi re knowtn al to wel as I, 

And loth 

Who to shall u 

He moete refaer 

Ererich word, if it 

All ipekt he oeier so rudely and so large ; 

Or ellea he moate tellen his tale uuttewe. 

Or feinen tbiogts, or fioden wordea newe. 

He niaj not spare, although he were hia brother. 

Criit spake himself ful brode in boly writ, 
And wel ye wote no vilanie is it. 
Eke Plato sayeth, who so can him rede, 
Tbe wordeii moate ben coon to the dede^ 

Also I praic you to fow»e it me. 
All bate I not selte folk m bir d^ree. 
Here in this tale, as that they shulden stoitde. 
My wit is ahoit, ye may w ' ' 

oade oure hoatc us ererich on, 
per sette he us anon : 
with vilulle of ibe beate. 

Strong was tbe win, and wel lo diiuke us leste. 

A eemely man our hoste was with alle, 

A large man he waa with eyen nape, 

A fairer burgeis is ther non in Cbepe 1 

Bold of bis speche, and wise and wel ytnighl, 

And of manhood him lacked lighte naught. 

Eke tberto was he right a meiy man, 

A nd aAer aouper plaien be began. 

And spake of mirthe amonges other tbingea, 

Whan that we hadden made our rekeningea ; 

And saide thus ; " Now, toidingea, trewdy 

Ye ben to me welcome right bertily : 

For by my trouthe, if that I ahal not Ue, 

I saw nat this yere ewiche a cinnpagnie 

At ones in tbia herbewe, aa ia now. 

Fayn wolde I do you mirthe, and I wiata how. 

And of a mirthe I am right now bethought. 

To don you ese, and it shall coste you nought. 

Ye gon to Canterbury ; Cod you spede, 

Tbt bliiAil martyr quite you your mede ; 

And wel I wot, as ye gon by the way. 

Ye si 

in and to play ; 

For trewely comfort ne mirtfae i 

To liden by the way dombe as the ston ; 

And tberfore wold I maken you disport, 

As I said erst, end don you some comfort. 

And if you liketh alle by on aasent 

Now for to aUinden at my jugement : 

And for lo werchen aa I shal you say. 

To-morwe, when ye tiden on the way. 

Now by my fader* aoula that is ded, 

But ye be mery, imiteth of my bed. 

Hold up your bondes witbouten more apecbi.'."' 

Our ciHiBeil waa not longe for to seche i 
Us thought it waa not worth to make it wise, 
And granted him witbouten more aiiae, 
And bad bim say bia verdit, as him leste. 

"Lordinges," (quod he) "now herkenetii for. 
tbe beste; 
But take it nat, I pray you, in disdain ; 
This is tbe point, to sp^e it plat and plain, 
Tlat eche of you to shorten with youte way, 
In this viage, shall tellen tales Cway, 
To Canterbury word, I mene it so. 
And homeward he shall tellen other two. 
Of aventures that whilom han befalle. 
And which of you that beretfa him baat of olle. 
That is to tayn, that telletb in this ras 
Tales of bcM sentence and moat sol*^ 
B 4 

Shal have ■ louper at four dler eott . 
Here in this place mttiug b; thi* pwt. 
Whan that je comen a^n from Canterbuiy. 
And for to maken you the more mery, 
I wol mj hItui gladly with yon ri^ 
Rigfat at min owea coat, and be your pie- 
And who that wol my jugement witluay, 
Sbal pay Tor alle we apenden by the way. 
And if ye voucheaauf that it be w. 
Telle me aaon withouten worded mo* 
And I wol erljF ahafwn me therfore." 

This thbg was graijted, and our othes twore 
With fill glad berte, and piaiden him alao, 
That he wold TouchcHuf tor to don so, 
And that he wolde ben our gOTeniour, 
And of our talea juge and reportour. 
And sctte a aouper at a certain ptis { 
And we wol ruled ben at hia dmae. 
In highe and lowe ; and thus by iHi aaseiit, 
We ben acci»-ded to his jugement. 
And thenipon the win was fette anon. 
We dronken, and to rests wenlen eche 00, 
Withouten any lenger tarrying. 

A morwe whan the day began to apring. 
Up rose our hoste, and was our allet cok. 
And gaderd ui togeder in a flok. 
And forth we liden a litel more tlian paa. 
Unto the watering of Saint Thomai : 
And ther our hoste began his hois aiest, 
And saide ; " lordes, berlteneth if you lest. 
Ye wete your forwordi and I it record. 
If eien song and morwe song accmd. 
Let se now who sfaal telle the finte tale. 
As ever mote I drinkeo win or aiet 
Who to ia rdwl to my jugemenl, 
Shal pay for alle that by Che way ia iqient. 
Now dniweth cutte, or that ye farther twinne. 
He which that hath the shoitest shal beginne. 

'■ Sire knight," (ijuod he) '* my mwler and my 
Now draweth cutle, for that is min accord, [lord, 
Cometh nete " (quod he) " my lady priorease. 
And ye nre clerk, let be your shameftcednesae, 
Ne Btudia nought ; lay hand to, every man." 

Anon to drawen every wight began. 
And ahortly for to tellen as b wea. 
Were it by avenlure, or sort, or caa, 
The sothe is this, the cutle felle on the knight. 
Of which ful blith and glad was every wight ; 
And tell he must hia tale as was reson. 
By forword, and by coni)K»itioD, 
As ye ban herd ; what nedeth wordes mo ? 
And whan this good man aaw that it was so, 
At he that wise was and obecUent 
To iepe Ilia forword by his fiee aaient, 
He aaide ; " Sithen I shal begin this game. 
What, welcome be the cutle a Goddes name. 
Now let us ride, and hericcneth what I say.*^ 

And with that word we liden forth our way ; 
And he b^an wilh righl a mery cbete, 
His tale anon, and aside as ye abul here. 

Whujik, as olda stories telten us, 
Ther WK a duk that highle Tbeseus. 
Of Atbenea he wsa lord and govcrnour. 
And in hia lime twiche a conquerour, 
Tliat greter was ther non under the sonne. 
Ful many a liche contrre had lie woiine. 

What with Us wiadom and bis ch«Tiliie, 

He conquerd all the regne of Feminie, 

Tliat whilom was ydeped Scythia ; 

And wedded the freahe quene Ipolita, 

And brought hire home with him to bis coDbBe 

With mocbel glorie and gnrt aolnninutee. 

And eke hire yonge suster Kmelje. 

And thus with victorie and with melodic 

Let I thit worthy duk to Atboiea ride. 

And all his boat, in aimes him beside. 

And certes, if it n'ere to long to lier^ 
I wolde have told you fully the manne. 
How wonuen was the legne of Feminie, 
By Tlieseus, and by hia chevalrie ; 
And of the grele bataille for the nonea 
Betwix Athene* and the Amasones ; 
And how asseged was Ipolita 
Hie &ire hardy quene of Scythia ; 
And of the feMe, that waa at hire wedding. 
And of the temple at hire borne coming. 
But all this thing 1 moste as now fortiere. 
I liave, God wot, a targe feld to ere ; 
And weke ben the oxen in my plow. 
The remenant of my tale is long ynow. 
I will not letlan eke uon of this route. 
Let every felaw telle his tale aboute. 
And let se now who shal the soupei winne. 
Ther ai I left, I wU agen beginne. 

This duk, of whom I made mentioun. 
Whan he was comen almost to the touD, 
In all bia wele and in his moste pride. 
He was ware, at he caste his eye aside, 
Wher that ther kneled in the high wey 
A compagnie of ladies, twey and Iwey, 
Eche after other, clad in clothes blake -. 
But awiche a crie and swich a wo they make, 
Tliat in this world n^ creffure living. 
That ever herd awit^ another waimendng. 
And of this crie ne wolde they never alenten, 
im they the reines of his bridel henten. 

" Wliat folk be ye that at min licone coming 
Perturben so my fete with crying ? " 
Quod.Theseui; " have ye so grete cnvie 
Of min honour, that thus complaine and die ? 
Or who hath you misboden, or offended ? 
Do telle me, if that it may be amended ( 
And why ye be thus dotbed alle in blake ? " 

Tlie oldot lady of hem all then spake. 
Whan she had swonned with a dedly chcre, 
That it wsa nuthe for to seen and here. 
She aayde ; " Lord, to whom fortune bath yeven 
Victorie, and aa a conquerour to liven. 
Nought gieveth us your glorie and your honour : 
But we beseke you of merde and aocour. 
Have mende on our woe and our distreaae. 
Some drope of pitee^ thui^ thy gentillesae 
Upon us wretclied winunen let now falle. 
For certes, lord, ther n'ia nan of ua alle. 
That she n'hath ben a duchoee or a queie ; 
Now we be caitives. aa it is wel sene : 
Thanked be fortune, and hire false whele. 
That non estat enaureth to be wele. 
And certea, lord, to abiden your presence 
Here in this temple of the goddesse Clemenoe 
We ban ben waiting all Uiis fourleni^t : 
Now belpc us, lord, iiin Ji lieth in thy might. 

" I wretched wight, that wepe and waile tbiM, 
Waa wliilom wif to king Capaneus, 
That atarfe at Thebes, cursed be that day i 
And atle we that bm in this alay. 


While that tbe Kge thenbouteo Uj. 

And fit DOW the olde Creoa, wala «m ! 

That tont is now of Thebes the dtee, 

Fokfiiled of ire and of iniquitee, 

He for deaph, and for his tynmnie. 

To lion the ded bodies a TiLanieT 

Of alle OUT lordes, wUch that ben jslawe, 

Hath alls the bodies on an hepe ydnwe. 

And irill not suSieu hem by noB assent 

Veytbs' to ben jberied, ne jbrenti 

But ma^eth boiindes ete hern In despite." 

And Kith that word, aritboulen more istpile 
TbFf fiiUen gmff, and crien pilotuly ; 

And let OUT sorwe sinken in thin herte. " 

This gcntil duk doun trom bis courser ilnte 
With bate pilous, whan he herd hem speke. 
Him thougfate that hia herte wolde alt to-breke. 
Whan he saw hem so piCous and h mate. 
That whiloai weren of so gret estate. 
And in hia annes be hem all up hente, 
And hem coroforted in ful good entente. 
And swore hii oth, as he was ticwe knight, 
He wolde dcm lo ferfbrthly his might 
Upon the tyrant Creon hem to wreke, 
That all the peple of Giece ihulde speke. 
How CrBon was of Theseus yserved, 
Ai be that luth hia deth ful wel deeerved- 
And ri^ht anon withouten more abode 
His banrMV he displaide, and forth be rode 
To ThdwB ward, and all his host beside ; 
No Der Atfaenea n'olde he go oe tide, 
Ne tdu bis eae fultj half a day. 
Bat onward on bis •ray tbu night be lay ; 
Aad sent anon Ipolila the queue. 
And Eraelie hire yonge sister shene 
Unto tbe toun of Athenea for to dwell : 
And forth be rit ; tber a'is no more lo lelL 

The red statue of Han with spers and targe 
&t shinetb in his white banner large. 
That all tbe feldra glitercn up and doun : 
And by his banner borne is his penon 
Of gold fill licbe, in which ther was ybete 
The Minotaure which that he slew in Crete. 
Thni rit this duk, thus lit this ctmquerour, 
And in hia host of cberBliie the flour, 
Tl that fie came to Thebes, and alight 
Fayre in a frld, ther aa he thought to fighL 
But sboTtty fcr to speken of this ttung, 
With Creon, which that was of Tbeba king, 
Ue fou^it, and slew him manly aa a knight 
In plaine hataiJle, and put his folk to flight : 
And by assaut be mm the dtee after, 
And rent adoun bathe wall and sparre, and rafter : 
And to the ladiea he restored again 
Tke bodiea of bir housbcmdes that were slain. 
To don the obsequies, as was tho the gise. 

But it were all l» toi^ for to derise 
The grete damaar, and the waimenting, 
VUdie that the Wies made at the hrenning 
Of the bodies, and the gi«t honotir. 
That Theseus the noble omquefDur 
Dsth to the ladies, whan they from him wente : 
But shortly for to telle is min ^(eate. 

Wban that this wtvthy duk, thia Theseus, 
Bath Creon staine, and wannen Tliebcs thus, 
Sdll in the feld he toke all night his reste, 
And did with all the coiilree *a him leste. 

To lansake in the tas of bodies ded. 
Hem for to strip;! of hameu and of wede, 
The piltours dide her bednesse and cure, 
After the bataille and discomfitun. 
And BO befell, that in the tse they found, 
Thur^ gin with many a grerous blody woun^ 
Two yonge knightes hgging by and by 
Bothe in on aimes, wrought ful richely 
Of whiche two, Arrita higbtc that on. 
And he that odier highte Palamon. 
Not fully quik, ne fully ded they were. 
But by hir cote armure, and by hir gere. 
Hie heraudes knew hem wel in speoal. 
As tho that weren of the blod real 
or Thebes, and of sustren two ybome. 
Out of the tas the piUours ban hem tome. 
And ban bem caried toft unto the tente 
Of Theseus, and be iiil sone bem sente 
To Atheues, for to dwellen in prison 
Ferpetuel, he n'olde no raunson. 
And whan this worthy duk had thus ydoD, 
He take his host, and borne he rit anon 
With lauier crouned as a conqueroiu' ; 
And ther be livetb in joye and in honour 
Tenne of his lif ; what nedeth wordes mo? 
And in a tour, in anguish and in wo 
Dwellcn this iUamon, and eke Arcite, 
For eTermo, ther may no gold hem quite» 

'iliUB passeth yere by yere, and day by day, 
'nil it felle ones in a morwe of May 
That Emelie,*that hyrer was to sene 
Than ia the lilie upon hia staike giene. 
And fmher than the May with floures new^ 
(For with the rose colour strof hire hewe; 
I n'ot which was the finer of hem two) 
£r it was day, as she was wont to do. 
She was arisen, and alt redy dight. 
For May wot have no slogardie a night. 
The seson priketh ereiy gentil faerte. 
And n^etb turn out ik his slepe to sterle. 
And saytb, " Arise, and do thin Dt>servance." 

Thia niakath Emelie tun remembrance 
To don honour to May, and for to rise. 
YclDthed was she fresbe for to devise. 
Hire yelwe here was bnaded in a tresse, 
Beliitid hire tiack, a yerde long I gesse. 
And in the gsrdin at the sonne uprist 
She walketb up and doun wber aa hire list. 
She gathereth floures, partie white and red. 
To make a sotel gerlond for hire hed. 
And as an angel, hevenlich she song. 
The gicte tour, tliat was eo thikke and strong. 
Which of the caatel was the chef dongeon, 
(Wber aa these kniglites wcren in prison. 
Of wtueh I totde you, and tellen ahal) 
Was ereo JMnant lo the gardin wall, 
Ther as this Emetie had hire pUying. 

Bright was the sonne, and clere that morwenini^ 
And Pslsmon, this wofiil prisoner, 
Aa was his wone, 1^ leve of his gsylar 
Was risen, and romed in a chambre on liigh. 
In wliich he all Ihe noble dtee sigh, 
And eke the gardin, tul of branches grene, 
Tber as this &eshe Emelia the sbene 
Was in hire walk, and romed up and doun. 

This Borwrful prisoner, tliis Palamon 
Ooth in his chambre roming lo and tn. 
And to himselfe complaining of his wo; 
That he was bonie ful oft he sayd, alas ! 

And so befell, by avanture or cas. 

And saide, " Cdkui min, what ejletfa linee. 

That ut no pale and dedly for to aee ? 

Why cridest tbou ? who bath thee don odbnce ? 

For Goddes love, take all in patience 

Our piison, for it may Don otiker be. 

Fortune hath yeven lu thit advenita. 

Som wikke pspecl □ 

Of Si 


Huh 3'even u« this, although we had it nrrni. 

So mood the heven whan that we wen bom, 

We moste endure : this ii the ahort and plain." 

This Palamon aniwerde, and aajde again ; 
■' Conn, fbraoth of thia opinion 
Thou haat a vaine imaginarifm 
Hiia prinon cauaed me not for to die. 
But I wu hurt light now tfaurghout min eya 
Jnto min.heite, that wol my bane be. 
The taymeiw of a Udy that I »e 
Tond in the Kardin roming to and fro, 
I* cauae of aU my crying and my wo. 
1 n^ot wheY ahe be woman or goddeaae. 
But Venus is it, aothly, as I gesae." 

And therwlthall on knees adoun he fill. 
And aayde : *■ Venua, if it be your will 
Tou in tlua gardin thus to tiwiafigure, 
Befom me sorweful wrMcfaed cmture, 
Out of thia piiaon helpe thM we m^ scape. 
And if w be our deatine be ah^e 
By etenn word to dien in prison. 
Of our lignage haTe aom compaaion, 
HiM is ao tow ybrought t^ tyranuie." 

And with that won! Atdla gan e^io 
Wher as thii lady romed to and fro. 
And with that aigfat hire beaute butt him ao, 
That if that Palamon were wounded sore, 
Arcite i» butt aa moche aa he, or more. 
And with a aigb be aayde pilously : 
" Tiie freahe beaute deth me aodenly 
Of hire that rometh in the yonder place. 
And hut I have hire merde and hire grace, 
Hiat I may seen hire at the leate way, 
I n'am but ded ; tbra- n'ia no more to <ay." 

nlig PalamoD, whan be theae wordea bod, 
IMqiitously he loked, and answerd i 
'■ 'Whether aayesl thou this in emest or in play 1" 

" Nay," quod Arcdte, " in emest by my &y. 
Ood helpe me so, me lust full yvel pley." 

This Palamon gan knit hii browes twey. 
" It were," quod be, " to thee no giet honour 
For to be fidae, ne for to be traytour 
To me, that am thy CDun and thy brother 
Yswonie ful depe, and eche of ua to other, 
That never for lo dien in the peine. 
Til that the deth depatten ahal us tweine, 
Neyther of us in love to hindie other, 
Ne in non other cas, my leve brother ; 
But that thou ahuldest trewely forther me 
In every cas, as I ihuld forther thee. 
Thia WB* thin oth, and min also certain ; 
I wot it wel, thou darat it not withsain. 
Thua art thou of my conieil out of doute. 
And now thou woldeat falaiy ben aboutc 
To love my lady, whom I love and terre, 
And «<r«r sbal, 1)1 that mm bnts starre. 

" Now certea, fidae Ardte, thou ahah no 
loved hire Crate, and tolde thee my wo 
s to my consol, and my brother swome 
To forther me, as I have told befome. 
For which thou art ybounden aa a kni^t 
To helpen me, if it lie in thy mighty 
Or ellea art thou lalie, 1 dare wel aain." 
This ArdU full proudly apake again. 
« Thou ibalt," quod be, " be ratber &be th 
And tbou art ftlse, I tell thee utterly. 
For par oninir I loved hiie Gnt or tbou. 
What woh tbou aayn ? thou wis 
Whether ahe were a woman or i 
Thin is aSeOJon of bolineaae. 
And min is love, as to a creature : 
For which I tolde thee min aventure 
As to my coaa, and my brother sw<»ne. 

" I poee, that tbou lovedest hire befcmie : 
Woat thou not wel the olde deilcea aawe. 
That who ahall give a lover any Iswe ? 
Love is a greter lawe by my pan, 
Then may be yeven of any erthly man : 
And therfoie positif lawe, and swiche decree 
Is broken all day for love in eebe degree. 
A man moste nedes love maugre his hed. 
He may not fleen it, though he shuld,be dcd. 
All be ahe maid, or widewe, or eUes wif. 

" And eke it is not likely all thy lif 
To stonden in hire grace, no more shal I : 
For wel thou wost thy setven veraily. 
That thou and I be damned to prison 
Peipeluel, ua gaineth no nunion. 

" We strive, as did the boundea for the bone. 
They fought all day, and yet hir part was none. 
Ther came s kyte, while that thej were so wrotb% 
And bare away the bone betwii hem botbe. 
And therfore at the kingea court, my tmitber, 
Eche man for himself, ther ia nan other. 
Love if thee luat ) for I love and ay ahal i 
And aothly, leve brother, this ia aL 
Here in this piiaon moeten we endure, 
And everich of us take his aventure." 

Gret was the strif, and long betwii hem twcy. 
If that I hadde leiaer for to sey ; 
But to th' effect, it hqiped on a day, 
(To lell it you aa ahortly aa I may) 
A worthy duk that highte Perithoua, 
That felaw was to this duk Theseus 
3in Ihilkc day that they were children lite, 
Was come to Atheois, bis felaw to visile. 
And for to play, aa he vras wont to do. 
For in thia world he loved no man so : 
And he loved him as lendrely again. 
So wel they loved, aa olde bokes aain. 
That whan that on waa ded, BotHy to tell. 
Hit f^law wenle and sought him doun in hell : 
But of that itorie list me not to write. 

Duk Perithoua loved wel Ardte, 
And him knowe at Thebea yere by yere : 
And Bnally at request and praiere 
Of Perithoua, withoulen any raunson 
Duk Tbeaeus him let out of prison, 
Frety lo gon, wher that him list over all, 
In swiche a giae, mi I jou tellen shall. 

This was me fbrwonl, plainly for to uidite, 
Betwixen Theaeus and him Ardte : 
That if BO were, that Arcite were yfbund 
Ever in bia lif, by day or night, o stotmd 
In any otmtree of this Theseus, 
And he wave caught, it was •ccwdad Ihos, 


Let hini bemn, big nekke lieth to wedde. 

How grrt ■ Kirwe nflsvth now Ardtc ? 
The ititb he feleth Iburgh his berte imite ; 
He wepeth, wuleth, ciicth pitoiuly ; 
To Ueen himself he wuteth priTcly* 
He said ; " Alas the day that I wn bane '. 
Now ii my piuon wene than befiKivB : 
Now is me shape etemillj to dwells 
N<A only in piuntinie, but in belle. 
Alas > that ever I knew Fctilhoiia. 
For elles had I dwelt whb Thaena 
Tfbtered in hia praon erermo. 
Tlan bad I ben in bliaae, and not in wo. 
Only the aight of hire, whom that I aerve, 
Though that I neier hire grace nuy deurve, 
Wold haie sufficed right ynough for me. 

■' O dere cosin Palanum," quod he, 
" Tfain b the Tictorie of this aTenture. 
Ful bliaful in prisoB maicat thou endure ; 
In priKHi 7 certea nay, but in pandiae. 
Wei hath fortune ytumed thee the dise, 
Tlial hast the aight of hire, and I th'abaencc. 
For pOKible ia, do thou haat hire presence, 
And art a knight, a worthy jmd an able. 
That by aom caa, sn fattuoe is changeable. 
Thou maicat to thy denr somtime atteine. 
Bm I that am exiled, and bandne 
Of alle grace, and in so gret deqiaiBe, 
That ther uSa eRhe, wuer, Ere, ne aire, 
Ne creature, that of hem maked is. 
That may me bele, or don comfbrt in thia, 
Wei ought I aterre in wanhope and djatresse. 
Farewclmy lif, my lost, and my glodnesse. 

** Alae, why plaiueu men ao ixi com 
Of purreiance of God, or of fortune, 
Thai yeieth bem (ul oft in many a giae 
Wtj better than they can hemaelf derise 7 
Satn man desireth for to have richceae. 
That cause is of his muidre or gret aikneaae. 
And aom niao wold out of hii prison foyn 
"Hiat in his bouse is of bis meynie slain. 

We wote not what thing that we pnden here. 
We &ren at be that dronke n as a mous. 
A (faonken man wot wel be hath on boua. 
But he ne wot wluch is the right way thider, 
And to a drunken man the way is alider. 
And certea in thia world so hna we. 

** We aeken bsi after felidle. 
But we go wrwig ful often liewely. 
TlitB we nuy layen alle, and namely I, 
lliat wende, and had a gret opinion, 
That if I might eicapen fro prison 
Than had I ben in joye and parflte hele, 
Tita npw 1 am exiled fro my weJe. 
Sn that I may not aeen you, Emdie, 
I n'un but ded ; ther n'is no remedie." 

Upon that other aide Palamon, 
Whan that he wiat Arcita was agon, 
Siriche aorwe be maketh, that the greta (our 
Rcaouned of his yelling and clamour. 
'Hie pure fetters on his ahinnes grete 
Vere of his bitter salte teres wete. 

" Alas ! " quod be, '■ Andta coun min, 
Of all OUT (tiif, Ood wot, the frute is thin. 
Thou walkot now in Tbebes at thy large, 
And of my watbouyeveM litelclMrge. 

Thau maiat, atfa thou boat wisdom and maohed 

Asaembleo all the folk of our v !«■—<-, 

And make a «eire ao ahaipe on thia contree, 

That by Dom aTeuture, or aom tretee. 

Thou maiit have bile to lady and to wif. 

For whom that I must nedea leae my lif. 

For as by way of poaaibilitee, 

Sitfa thou art at thy large of piisoa Bna, 

And art a lOTd, gret is thin avantoge. 

More than ia min, that sterre here in a cage. 

For I may wepe and waile, while that I Ut^ 

With all the wo that prison nuy me yere. 

And eke with peioe ttkat love me yevetb also, 

That doubleth all my tourment and my wo." 

Therwich the fire of jalouaie up sterte 
Within his breit, and hent him by the hette 
So woodly, that he like WM to behold 
Tlie boi-tre^ or the aahen ded and cold. 
Than aaid fae i '■ O cruel goddes, that goreme 
Thia world with binding of your word eteise, 
And wrilHi in the table irf'athamant 
Tour parltment and your eterae gnnt. 
What is mankind more unto you ybold 
Than ia the ahepe, that rouketh in the fold? 
For slain is man, right as another beeM, 
And dweUeth eke in prison, end arrest, 
And bath siknease, and gret adrerBte, 
And often times gilteles parde. 

" What governance is it " 
That gilteles tuimenteth ii 
And yet encreaeth this all 
That man is bounden to h 
For Goddee sake to leten of his will, 
Ther as a beest may all his lust fulfilL 
And whan a beeat is ded, he hath no peine ; 
But man after hit deth mote wepe and plelue. 
Though in this world he haTe care and wo i 
Withoulen doule it nuye stonden so. 

■' The answer of this lete I to dinnaa. 
But wel I wote, that in this world gret pine is. 
Alas ! 1 see • serpent or a theie. 
That many a trewe man bath do meachofa, 
Gon at his large, and wbar him lust may turn. 
But I moste ben in prison tfaurgh Satuni, 
And eke thurgh Juno, jaloua and eke wood. 
That hath wel neye destnded all the blood 
Of Thebes, mtb his waste wallea wide. 
And Venua aleeth me on that other side 
For jalouaie, and ten of him Ardta." 

Now wol 1 stent of Palamon a lite. 
And leten him in his prism still dwejle. 
And of Ardta forth 1 wol you telle. 

The sommer paaeeth, and the nightea loi^ 
Encresen double wise the peines strong 
Both of the lorer, and of the prisooer. 
I n'ot which hath the wofuller mistere- 
For shortly for to say, this Palamon 
Ferpetuelly is danmed to prison. 
In chaines and in fetters to ben ded j 
And Ardte is exited on his hed 


be abal hii lady see. 
You lovers aie I iu>w thia question. 
Who hath the werae, Ardte or Falanum 7 
Hiat on may se bis Isdy day by day. 
But in prison moste be dwdlen alway. 
That other wber him lust may ride or go, 
But sen his lady sbal be never mo. 
Now demeth as you Uste, ye that can. 
For I wol tell you forth oa I bqan. 

12 ■ CHJ 

. Wban that An^ta to "Hiebea comen wu, 
Ful oft H da; he swelt and aud >laa. 
For Ben his ladjr sbal he never mo. 
And ibortly to concluden all his wo. 
So mocfael sorwc hulde never creature. 
That is or.Bhal be, while the world aiaj dure. 
His alepe, bis mete, his drinke i> liim byraft. 
That lene he wei, and drie as is a shaft. 
Mis efea holwe, and grisly to behold, 
Hia hewe blwe, and pale as ashen cold, 
And solitary be was, and ever alooe. 
And wailing all the ni^hl, making his mone* 
And if he herde song or instrument. 
Than wold he wepe, he mighte not be ilent. 
So feble were bis spiritea, at)d so low. 
And changed bo, that no man coude know 
His apeche ne his voia, though men it herd. 
And in hia gere, for all the world he ferd 
Thought only like the lovers maladie 
Of Eraos, but rather ylikc manie, 
Engendted of hmnouni melancolike, 
B«fome hia bed in his ceUe bntastike. 
And ahortly turned was all up so doun 
Both btbit and eke dispoaitioun 
Of iuiDt this woful lover dan Arate. 
What shuld I all day of his WD endite ? 
Wlian he endured had a yere or two 
This cruel torment, and this peine and wo, 
At Thebis, in his contree, as I said. 
Upon a night in slepe as he him laid, 
Him thought how that the winged god Mercury 
Bi-fame him stood, and bad him lo be mery. 
Hia slepy yerde in hond he bare upright ; 
And hat he wered upon his herea bright. 
Amied was this god (as he toke kepe) 
As be was whan that Argus toke bis slepe ; 
And said bim thus : " To Athens shalt thou 
Ther is thee shapen of thy wo an ende." [wende ; 

And with that word Ardte awoke and stett. 
" Now trewely how aore that ever me nnert," 
Quod he, " lo Athenea right now wo] I ftre. 
Ne for no drede of deth ihal I not apare 
To se m; lady, that I love and serve ; 
In hire presence I rekke not to sterve." 
And with that word he caught a gret mirrour. 
And saw that changed wag all his colour, 
And saw his visage all in another kind. 
And right anon it ran him in his mind, 
That sith his face was so disfigured 
Of maladie the which be had endured. 
He migbte wel, if that be bare him lowe, 
Live in Atbeng eiennore unknowe. 
And sen his lady wel nigh day by day. 
And right anon be changed bis aray, 
And clad him as a poiire labourer. 
And all alone, save only a aquier, 
That knew his privite and all his at, 
"Which was disguised pourely as he was. 
To Athenea ' 


It upon a day. 

And at the gale he proffered his ae 
To drugge and draw, what so men wold devil 
And «h«tly of this matere for to sayn. 
He fell in office with a chamberlain. 
The whicb that dwelling wh with Emclic. 
For he wai wise, and cmide aone eapie 
Of every aervani, which that served hire. 
Wel coude he bewen wood, and vratet here, 
Fto' he was yonge and nu^iR for the nones. 
And theno he was itniiig and big of bonea 

To don that any wight can him derise. 
A yere or two he was in this service. 
Page of (he chambre of Emelie the bright ; 
And Philoatrmte be nyde that he bight. 
But half so wel beloved a man as he, 
Ne was ther never in court of bis d^re. 
He was so gentil of conditioun. 
That tburghout all the court waa bia renoun. 
Tbey sayi^ that it wers a cbarite 
That Theseua wold enhaunaen his degie. 
And putten him in wcHsbipful service, 
Ther as he might his vettuei eier^3se. 
And thus within a while hia name is spronge 
Both of bis dedes, and of bis good tonge, 
That TheseuB hath taken him so ner 
That of his chambre he made him a aquier. 
And gave bim gold to maintdne his degre ; 
And eke men brougbt bim out of his centre 
Fro yere to yere fuT prively his rent 
But boneally and aleighly he it ipent, 
That no man wondred how that he it hadde^ 
And thre yere in this wise his lif he ladde. 
And bare him so in pees and eke in werre, 
Tber n'aa no man that Theaeus hath derrb 
And in this blisBe let I now Ardte, 
And apeke I wol of Palamon a lite. 

In derkenease and horrible and strong ptuon 
This seven yere hath sitten Pahunon, 
Forpined, what for love, and Ibr diatresae. 
Who feleth double aorwe and hevineua 
But Palamon ? that love distraineth ao. 
That wood out of hia wit be goth for wo,. 
And eke therto he ia a prisonere 
Perpetuell, not only for a yere. 

Who coude rime in F-ngH»h proprely 
His nianirdom ? forsoth it am not I, 
Hierfore I passe as lightly as 1 may. 
It fell that in the seventh yere in May 
The tfaridde itight, (as olde bakes aayn. 
That all this atorie tellen more plain) 
Were it by aventure or deatinee, 
(As whan a thing is ahapen, it shal be,) 
That sofie after die midnight, Palamon 
By helping of a &end brake his ptiaon. 
And Beeth the die Gute as he may go. 
For he had yaven drinke hia gayler ao 
Of aclarre, made of a certain wine. 
With Narcotikcs and Opie of Thebes fine, 
That all Ibe night Ihough that men wcdd him sbak^ 
The gailer shipt, he rnigbta not awake. 
And thus he fleatb as fiute as ever he may. 

The night was abort, and bale by the <bty. 
That iKdes coat de moate hiroaelven hide. 
And to a grave (aste ther bedde 
With dretUul fbot than ttalketfa Falamoo. 
For aboitly tUi waa hia opirdon. 
That in that grove be wold bim bide all d^i 
And in the lught than wold he take his way 
To Thebes ward, his frendea fbr to preie 
On llteaeus to belpen bim werreie- 
Aiul shortly, ey^ier he wold leae Ms lif, 
Or winnen Emelie unto his wif. 
This ia the effect, and bis enlenle pMn. 

Now wol I lumen to Areite agean, 
That Utel vrist how neighe was his care, 

'ortune had brought him in the aoaie. 
The beay larke, the maaaager of day, 
Saleweth in hire song the morwe gray ; 
And firy PbebuB riielh up so bci^t, 
I That all the caieot laogbctfa of the aight. 


WKh Tbaeiu tbe Hjuier prindpaJ, 
h naea, and lokc4h on the mery daj. 
And for to don his obwrvuice to Ma;, 
H«iDeaibriiig on the poitit of his desire, 
Ht oa bifl onmer, atertiiig aa the fire, 
h ridden to the feldes him to pltj. 
Out of tlw court, wtre it k mile or twej. 
And to the grove of vhich that J jou told, 
Bj iTenture hia way he gaii to hold. 
To nulen him a gerWd of the givrea, 
Were ii of woodlHnd or of hauthom lerca. 
And loud be aong agen the Bonoe ahene, 

" O Uaye, wiih all th; flourei and thy grene. 
Right welcome be thou Aire (mhe Hay, 
I hope that I aame grene here gotten may." 
And bum faia oouner, with a luMy heite 
iDtD the grove Ail haMilj he Merte, 
And in a path be ramed up aiiddaun, 
Tha m by •Tcoture Ibii Patamon 
Wk in a btiah, that do man might him ae, 
Fs me afored of his detli was he. 
NMhisg ne knew be that it was Ardte. 
Got wot be wold bare tniwed it ful lite. 
But RMh ia laid, giHi sithen are many yeres, 
llat Md hath eyen, and the wood hath ere*. 
It B ful hin a man to beie him even, 
Fcr al da; meten men at unset Steven. 
Fid KhI wote Ardte of his feUw, 
llisl ms so neigh to berfcoi of his saw. 
For in the bosh he tilteth now ful still. 

Whan that Ardte had romed all hu fill. 
And aoogen all the roundel lustily, 
iOo s smdie he fell sodenly. 
As don tbeke kivcn in hir queintc geres. 
No* in the aop, and now douD in tha brerti, 
Kn up, now doun, as boket in a weU. 
Bi^ aa the FViday, aothly for to tell. 
Mm dnneih il, and now H raioelh &M, 
Bight M) can gery Venus oyataa 
The hertea of hire fidk, right as hire day 
I* Rofnll, light ao changctb she arn. 
Sride U the Friday all the weke ylike. 

Whan Ardte hadde jracaige, he gaa to ake. 
And sit him doun witlwuten any moie i 
"Alas I " quod be, " the daj that I was bore ! 
How longe, Juno, thurgh thy crueltee 
Vih thou werrden lliebes Ih« ritee 7 
Alss ? ybnnight is to concision 
"On blood rod of Cadme and Ampbion ; 
Of Csdmus, which that was tba Ante man, 
1W Thebes built, or firste the toun began, 
Aad rf the dlee Grate was cronned king. 
Of Us linage am I, and lua ol^ning 
% nray luM, a* of the atck rati: 
iai DDw I am so caitif and to thral, 
1W he that is my mortal enemy, 
1 tore him aa his squicr pourely. 
And }K doth Jnno me w^ more ahame, 
Fn 1 dare not beknowe min Owen name, 
^ Iher aa I was wont to highte Accite, 
K» fai^ite I PhUiMtrat, not worth a mite. 
us! tlMm Ul Han, alM '. thou Juno, 
Ikibath yODT ire our linage all fordo, 
«<• only mt, and wretched {Uaoaon, 
AM Theaeua martinth in prison. 
Aid orar aU thii, la ilea me utto^, 
wi halfa its try dart so bmuiiiigly 

' Ysdked thurgh my trewe csrefiil bert, 
' That shapcQ was my deth em than my ihert. 
Ye sleo me with your eyen, Emelie ; 
Ye ben the cause wherfure that I die. 
Of all the remenant of niiu other care 
Ne set I not the mountance of s tare. 
So that 1 coud don ought to your plesance." 

And Hitb that word he fell doun in a tranca 
A longe time ; and afterward u)> slerte 
This PatamoQ, that thought thurghout his herle 
He felt a cold awerd Bodenly glide ; 
For ire be quoke, no lenger wolde he hide. 
And whan that he had herd Arcites tale. 
As he were wood, with &ce ded and pale. 
He sterte him up out of the bushes thikke. 
And sayde: « False Ardte, folse traitour wicke. 
Now' art thou hent, that loveat my lady wo. 
For whom that 1 have all this pcdne and wo. 
And art my blood, and to my conseil sworn. 
As I ful oft have told thee fara^befom. 
And batt beii^ here duk Theseus, 
And falsely changed hast thy name thus ; 
I wol be ded, or elles thou ihalt die. 
Thou ihalt not tove my lady Emelie, 
But I wol lore hire otily and no mo. 
For I am Palamon thy mortal fo. 
And though that I no wepen have in this place. 
But out of prison am aitert by grace, 
I drede nought, that eytber thou ahalt die, 
Or thou ne ahalt nat loven Emelie. 
Cbese which thou wolt, for thou shslt not aeterle." 

This Arcite tho, with ful diipitous beite. 
Whan he him knew, and had his tale herd, 
A« fen al a leon, pulled out a iwerd, 
And sayde thus -. " Sy God that litteth ahor^ 
N'ere it that thou art nke, and wood for love. 
And eke that thou no wepen hast in this place, 

That thou ne sbuldest diai of min bond. 
For I defie the suretee and the bond, 
Which that thou sain that I have made to tbee. 
What? veray fool, thinke wel that love is free, 
Artd I wol love hire maugre all thy taigbt. 
But fbr thou art s worthy geutil knight. 
And wilnest to damuDe hire by bat^Ule, 
Have here my trouth, to-morwe I will not jaill^ ■ 
Withouten weting of any other wight, 
Tliat here I wol be founden a* a knight. 
And bringen hareeis right ynough for thee ; 
And cbese the beste, and leve the werste for me." 
And mete and drinke this night wol I bring 
Ynoi^h for thee, and clothes for thy bedding. 
And if ao be that thou my lady win. 
And sle me in this wode, ther I am in, 
hou maist wel have thy lady as for me." 

Tfaig Palamon answdd, ■< 1 grant it thee." 
And thus they ben deiiarted til a morwe. 
Whan ache of bem huh laid hia &ith to borwe. 

O Cupide, out of alle charitee I 

regne, that wolt no felaw have widi thee ! 
Ful Both ia aayde, that love ne lordship 
Wol nat hia thankes have no felawsbip. 
Wel finden that Arcite and Palamon. 

Ardte ia ridden anon unto the toun. 
And on the morwe, or it were day light, 
Ful prively two harneis hath be digbt. 
Both suffisant and mete to darrcioe 
The bataille in the feU betwli hem twduc. 
And on hia hora, alone as he was borne, 
He CBiieth all this bameis him befome ; 

- U CHA 

And in lbs gfore, at time and place yteoe, 
llus Anate uid this PaUmon ben mette. 
Tho changen gan the colour in hir fcce. 
Right aa the hunter in the regne of Trace 
That slondeth at a gappe with a spere. 
Whan hunted is the lion or the here. 
And beteth him come rushing in (he greves. 
And breking bothe the boughea and the levei, 
And thinketh, here comclh laj mortai enemy, 
Witbouten faille, he must be ded or I j 
For eyther I mote den him at the g^pe ; 
Or be note slen me, if that me miahappe : 
80 ferden they, in clianging of hir hewe, 
Aa fer as eytber of hem other knewe. 
llier n'a* no good day, ne no aaliung. 
But aCreit withouten vordea rehersing, 
Everich of bem haipe to annen other, 
Aa fVendly, as he were his owen brother. 
And after (hat, with aharpe speres strong 
They foineden eche at other wonder long, 
Tbon mightest wenen, that this Palamoa 
In hii fighting were as a wood leon. 
And aa ■ cruel tigre was Ardte : 
Ab wilde bores gan they togeder smite, 
That irothen while us fbme for ire wood. 
Up to the ancle foughte tliey in hir blood. 
And in this wise I let hem fightiag dwelle. 
And forth r wol of Theseus you telle. 

The destinee, ministre genenl. 
That eiecuteth in the world over al 
^The purraance, that God hath sen befome ; 
So strong it is, that though the world had swome 
The contrary of a thing by ya or nay. 
Yet aomtime it shall fallen on a day 
That folleth nal efle in a thousand yere. 
For certainly our appetites here, 
Beit of wetie, or pees, or hate, or lore. 
All is tfaia ruled by the right above. 
This tnene I now by tntgbty Hieseus, 
That ibr to hunten is so desirous. 
And namely at the grete hart in itmj. 
That in hi> bed tber daweth him no day. 
Hut he nis clad, and ledy for to ride 
With hunte end home, and houndei him beside. 
For in hin hunting hath he awiche delite, 
lliat it ia all hisjoye and appetite 
To ben himaelf the grete hartes hue. 
For alter Man he serveth now Diane. 

Clere waa the day, aa I Itare told or this, 
And Theseus, with alle joye and blis. 
With hla Ipolita, the fayte quene. 
And Emelie, yclothed til in grene. 
On bunting ben they ridden really. 
And to the grore, that stood ther fiutc by. 
In which ther was an hart aa men him told, 
Duk Theseus the Mreite way hath hold. 
And to the launde he rideth him fill light, 
Ther was tlw hart ywimt to have his flight. 
And orer a brooke, and so forth on his »ey. 
This duk wol have a coun at him or twey 
With houndes, swiche as him lust to commaunde. 
And when this duk waa comen to tbe louitd^ 
Under tbe sonne he loked, and anon 
Be was wan of Ardte and Falnjion, 
That foughlen bteme, as it were holies two. 
The brighle swcrdes wenten to and fro 
80 hidouily, that with the leste Mioke 
It semed that it wolde Calle an dee. 
But what they weren, nothing he ne wote. 
■ duk hia.couner with hii aporrca smote. 

And at a stert be was betwit bem two. 
And pulled out a swerd, and cried, " Ho ! 
No more, up peine of leang of your bed. 
By mighty Mars, he shal anon be ded. 
That smiteth any stroke, that I may sen. 
But lellcth me what miitere men ye ben. 
That ben so hardy for to figbten here 
Withouten any juge other officere. 
As though it were in liatea really." 

This Palamon answered hastily. 
And aside : " Stre, what nedeth worde* mo? 
We have the deth deeerred botlie two. 
Two woful wretches ben we, two caitives. 
That ben accombred of our owen hves. 
And aa thou art a rightful lord and juge, 
Ne yere us neytber merda ne refuge. 
And sle me first, for sdnte charitee. 
But sle mj felaw eke aa wel as me. 
Or ale him first, for though thou know it Ute, 
This is thy mortal fo, this is Ardte, 
That fro thy lond is banished on his bad, 
For which he halh deaened to be ded. 
For this la he that came unto thy gate 
And sayde, that he highte Fhilostrate. 
II1US hath he j^ted thee ful many a yere- 
And thou hut maked him thy cliief squiere. 
And thia is he, that loveth EmeUe. 

" For aith the day is come that I shal die 
I make plaioly my omieasion. 
That I am tbilke woiiil Palamon, 
That hath thy prison broken wilfully. 
I am thy mortal to, and it am 1 
That loTBth so hot Emelie the bright. 
That 1 wold dien present in hire tight. 
Therfbre I aie deth and my iewiae. 
But ale my felaw in the same wise. 
For both we have deserved to be alain." 

This worthy duk answer! anon again. 
And sayd, '■ Thia is a short oonduuon. 
Your owen mouth, by your confeaaion 
Hath damned you, and I wol it recorde. 
It nedeth not to pdne you with tlie corde. 
Ye ahul be ded by mighty Mars the rede." 

The quene anon for veray womanbede 
Gan for to wepe, and so did Emelie, 
And all tbe ladies in the compagnie. 
Gret pite was it. as it thought hem alle. 
That ever swiche a chance shulde be&lle. 
For gentil men they were of gret estat. 
And nothing but fbr love waa this debot. 
And BBwe hir blody woundea wide and aore ; 
And alle criden bothe lesae and more. 

And on hir bore knees adoun they falle. 
And wold have kist his feet ther as be stood, 
Till at the last, aalaked waa his mood ) 
( For |Htee renneth sone in gentil berta) 
And though be first for ire quoke and state. 
He hath considered shortly in a clause 
The tiespas of hem both, and eke the cause : 
And although that his ire hir gilt accuaed. 
Yet in hia reson he hem both excused ; 
Aa thus ; he thoughte wel that every man 
Wol helpe himself in love if that he can, 
And eke debver himself out of prison. 
And eke hia berte bad compasaon 
Of wimmen, for they wepten ever in on : 
And in his gentil bote he tbotighte anon. 
And soft unto himself be aayed-: "Fie 
I Upon a lord that wol have no merde. 



But ba > leon both in word and dede. 
To hem that (no in icpentance and dnde. 
As wel as to • proud dupiloiu man, 
Tlat wol nuinleiaen that he first began. 
That lord hadi lilel of Sacredoa, 
That in nriche oh can no divkton : 
But wai^eth pride and biiuibleue after on." 
And abortlj, whan hii ire is Ihiw agon. 
He gan to loken op with eyen light, 
Aikd ipake these nme woides all on hight. 

" TTie god of loTe, a ! imofeiw, 
How mwhlj and how grete a lord i« he ? 
Apiu hu might tlier gainen non obitacles. 
He may be deped a God for his miraflei. 
For be can makm at hla owen giae 
or emjcfa herte, as that him liM deriie. 

** Lo here this Arcite, and this Palamon 
That quilely wewn out of my prison, 
And ntigfat have lived in Theties really, 
And wvten I am bir mortal enony, 
And that bir detb lilb in my might alx^ 
And yet hatb lore, maugre hir eyen two, 
TbnHigfat hem hither bothe for to die. 
Now lokMh, ii not this an heigh folie ? 
Who maje ben a fool but if be love ? 
Beliold tar Goddea nke that atteth above, 
8e bow they blede ! be they not wel anied? 
TliuB bath bir lord, the god of lore, hem paied 
Hir wages, and hir fees for hir service. 
And yet they wenen for to be ful wi»e. 
Tint aerven love, for ougbt that may befklle. 
And yet b this the beste game of alle. 
That she, for whom they have this jolite. 
Con hem theifiire as mochel thank as me. 
Sbe wot no more of aUe this bote fare 
By Ood, than wot ■ cuckow or an hart. 
^«t aU mote ben anaied bote or cold ; 
A man mote ben a fool otlier jonge or old ; 
I wot it by myself ful yore agon : 


And theifbre aith I know of loies pane. 
And wot how sore it can a man dtstreine, 
Ai he that <A hath ben caught in fail las, 
1 yoci foiywe all holly this trespas. 
At request of the quene that knelcth here, 
And ^e of Etnelie, tny susler dere. 
And ye sfaul bothe anon uoto me swere. 
That never mo ye shul my contree dere, 
Ne makan werre upon me night ne day. 
But ben my fiendes in alle that ye may, 
I yon foryeve this treepu every del." 
And they him sware his aiing fayr and wel. 
And him ot Inadship and of mer^e praid, 
And be hem granted grace, and thus he said : 

" To spAe of real linage and ricbesse, 
"naugb that sbe wen a queue or a princene, 
Eebe of yon bothe is wonfay doutelei 
To weddeD wban time is, bat natbelea 
I tpA* aa ftiT my suster Emelie, 
F« whom ye have this stiif and jalousie, 
Te wot yomaelf, sbe may not wedd«] two 
At ones, tbougfa ye fighlen evenno : 
Bst on of you, al be bim loth or lefe. 
He mot gon pipen in an ivy lefe : 
This ■> to say, she may not have you bothe, 
Al ba ye never so Jaloiu, ne so wrothe. 
And toniij I you put in this degree, 
Hiat ache of you diall have his destinee, 
Ai him ia sh^>e, and herknetb in what wise ; 
L0 ban your ende of that I thai devise. 

" My wiU ia this for plat c< 
Vilhouten tny replication, 
If that you liketb, take it for the beste. 
That everich of you shaj gon wher him leste 
Freely withoulen rauoson or dangere ; 
And this day fifty wekes, ferre ne nere, 
£vericfa of you shal bring an hundred kntghles, 
Armed for listes up at alle rightea 
Alle redy to darrdn hire by balaille. 
And this behete I you withouteo faille 
Upon my trouth, and as I am a knigbt, 
That whether of you bothe hath that might. 
This is to sayn, that whether be or thou 
May witb his hundred, as I spake of now, 
Sle his contrary, or out of listes drive. 
Him sh^l I yeven Emelie to wive, 
To whom that fortune yeveth so (tyr a grace, 

" The listes shal I nuken in this plat^ 
And God so wisly on my soule rewe. 
As I shal even juge ben, and treire. 
Ye shal non other ende with me nuken 
Hut on of you ne shal be ded or taken. 
And if ;ou thinketh this is wel ysald, 
Saith your avis, and boldetb you apsid. 
This is your ende, and your conclusion." 

Wbo loketb lightly now but Pdamon 7 
Who springeth up for joye but Arcite ? 
Who coud it tell, or wbo coud it endita, 
The joye that is nuked in tbe place 
When HieaeuB hatb doo so fkyre a grace 7 
But doun on knees went every maoere wight. 
And thanked bim witb all hir hertes might. 
And namely these Thebanes often sith. 

And thus with good hope and witb heite blith 
They taken hir leve, and homeward gan tbey ride 
To Thebes, with his olde walles wide. 

I ffowe men wolde deme it negligence. 
If I foryete to tellen the dispence 
Of TheseUB, tlut goth so bealy 
To nuken up tbe listes really. 
That swiche a noble theatre as it was, 
I dare wel sayn, in all this worlde tber n'aa. 
The circuile a mile was aboute. 
Waited of stone, and diched aU witboute. 
Round was the sbi^te, in nunere of a compaa 
Ful of degrees, tbe hight of ijily pas. 
That wban a nun was set on o decree 
He letted not bis felaw for to see, 
Sstward ther stood a gate of marbel white. 
Westward right swicbe another in th' opposite. 
And shortly to concluden, swiche a place 
Was never in erthe, in so litel a space. 
For in the lond ther n'as no crafles man, 
That geometrie, or arsmetrike can, 
Ne portretour, ne kerver of images, 
'Hiat Tlwseus ne yaf ^irn mete and wages 
Tbe theatr e for to nuken and devise. 

And for to don his rite and sacrifice, 
Hb estward hath upon tbe gate diove, 
In worship of Venus goddesse of love, 
Don loake an auter and an oncorie; 
And westward in the minde and in meroorie 
Of Man he maked bath right swiche another, 
That coste largely of gold a Ibther. 
And northward, in a toutet on tbe wall. 
Of alabastre while and ted cotall 

In worship of Diane of chastitae, O 
Hath Theseus don vnought in noble wise. 
But yel had I fbryetten to devise 

16 CH 

Tlie nolile kerving, and the ponniturM 
The ihape, the contcnuice of the Agufo 
That wereD in these oratories thiea. 

Fint in the temple oT Veniu nuiMthou we 
Wrought on the wull, ful pitaui to beholde. 
The broken slepes, uid the sikea colde. 
The ncred teres, and the waimentjngec. 
The flry atrokes oT the desuingtt. 
That tovea lervaiitB in this lif onduren ; 
The othes, that hir covenanu asniren. 
Plesance sad hope, desire, foolhardineue, 
' Beaute and youdie, baudrie and ricbesw, 
Cbannes and force, lesnges and flatsrie, 
Dispence, beaiiiease, and jaloude, 
TbMl wered of jelne goldea a gerlond, 
And badde a cuckow ntting on hire hond, 
Feitet, inttrxunentea, and caroles antl dances, 
Liul and amy, and all the circuinalances 
or love, wliich that I reken and reken shall, 
B; ordre weren peinted on the >rall. 
And mo than I can make of mention. 
For sothly all the mount of Citheron, 
Ther Venua hath hire principal dwelling, 
Waa shewed on the wall in purtreying. 
With all ibe zardia, and the liutinesie. 
Nought WM loryetten the porter idelneaw, 
Ne Narcisaus the fayre of yore agon, 
Ne yet the folie of king Salomon, 
Ne yet the grete Mrengthe of HerculeSt 
Th' enchantment of Medea and Circes, 
Ne of Tumua the hardy fiers conge, 
The riche Cresua caitif in servsge. 
Thus may ye seen, that wisdome ae ricbeste, 
Bestite ne sleighte, strengthe ne hardinesae, 
Ne may with Venus holden champartie, 
For as hire lists the world may she p£, 
Lo, all these folk >o caught were in hire las 
"ni they fbr wo fid often add alas. 
Sufficetfa here ouunplea on or two. 
And yet I coude reken a tbouaand mo. 

The statue of Venus glorious for to see 
Was naked fleting in the lai^ see, 
And fro the navel doun all covered was 
With waves grene, and bright ss sny glas. 
A dtole in hire right hand hadde she. 
And on hire hed, ful semely for to see, 
A rose gerlond fressh, and wel smelling 
Above hire hed hire doves fleckering. 
Before hire stood biie sone Cupido, 
Upon his shoulders winges had he two ; 
And blind be was, as it is often sene ; 
A bow he bare and srwes bright and kene. 

Why shulde I not ss wel eke tell yau all 
The purtreiture, that was upon the wall 
Within the temple of mighty Mars the rede? 
AU peinted wss the wall in length and brede 
Uke to the estrea of the grisly place. 
That highte the gret temple of Mars in Trace, 
In thiJke colde and frosty r^on, 
Thar as Msrs bath his sovereine mansiDn. 

First on the wall was peinted a forest. 
In which ther wonneth neylher man ne bes^ 
With knot^ knarry bamdn trees old 
Of stubbas sbaips and hidiMiB to behold i 
In which there ran a romble and a iwoogh. 
As though a storme shuld bresten every bough : 
And dounward from an hill under a ben^ 
Thar stood the temple of Mars armipotent. 
Wrought ail of burned stele, of which th' entree 
Waa longe and alreite, and gaslly fbr to bcv. 

And t2ierout came a rage and Swirhe a rise, ' 
That it made all [he gales for to rise. 
. Tba northern light in at the dore shone, 
For window on the wsll ne wss ther none, 
Thureh which men mightea any light diacenie. 
The dare was all of athamant eteme, 
Yclenched ovothwart and endelong 
With yren tough, and for to Tnake it stroog. 
Ever; piler the temple to sustene 
Was tannc-gi«t, of yren bright and shene. 

Tlier saw I first the derice imagining 
Of felonie, and alle the compassing ; 
The cruel ire, red as any glede, 
The pikepurse, and eke the pale drede ; 
The smiler with the kmf tmder the claike. 
The ebepen brenniog with the biske smijce ; 
He trewn of the mordring in the bedde. 
The open werre, with woundee all bebledde ; 
Conteke with bloody knif, and sharp manace. 
All full of chirking was that sory place. 
The sleer of himself yet saw I there. 
His herte blood hath bathed all bis here : 
The nail ydriven in the shode on hight. 
The colde deth, with mouth gaping upright, 
Amiddes of the temple sate miscliancc, 
With discomfort and Eory countenance. 
Yet saw I woodnesse Uughing in his rage. 
Armed complaint, outhees, and fleis outrage ; 
llie carraiOB in the bush, with throta ycorven, 
A thousand slain, and not of quahne yslorven ; 
The Cirant, with the prey by force yrsii ( 
The toun destnued, ther was nothing laft. 
Yet saw I brent tlie ahippes faoppestetes. 
The hunte ystrsngled with the wilde beres : 
The sow freling the child right in the cradel ; 
The coke yscalled, for all his long Udel. 
Nought was foryete by th' iofortune of Marts 
The carter overridden with his carte ; 
Under the wheel ful low he lay adoun. 

Ther were also of Martea division, 
Th' armerer, and tbe bowyer, and the smith. 
That forgeth tharpe BWerdes on his stith. 
And all above depcinted in a totir 
Saw I conquest, sitting in gret honour. 
With tbilke sharpe swerd over Us bed 
Vhanging by a subtil twined tbred. 
Depeint^ was the slaughter of Julius, 
Ofgret Neio, and of Antonius: 
All be that thiike lime they were unbonw^ 
Yet was hii deth depeinted ther befcmc. 
By manacing of Mars, right by figure. 
So was it shewed in that purtreiture 
Aa ia depeinted in the cenJes sbove. 
Who shal be slaine or elles ded for love. 
Sufficeth on enssmple in stories olde, 
I may not reken bera alle, though I wolde. 

The statue of Mars upon a arte stood 
Armed, and loked grim as he were wood, 
And over his hed Cher shinen two figures 
Of steiTes, that ben cleped in scriptures. 
That on Puella, that other Rubeua. 
This Eod of annas was araied thus : 
A wtdf Iher stood beforae him at his fete 
With eyen red, and of a man he ete : 
Vfittt subtil poisil peinted was this stmie, 
In redoutina of Mars and of his glorie. 

Now to the temple of Diane the chaste 
As shortly as I can I wol me haste. 
To tellen you of the descriptioun, 
Depeinted by the walles up and doun. 


Whan tbM Diaae agrtTed wm with here, 
Wbi turned fiom ■ wonuui dl a here, 
And after wai the made the lodaitetTe ; 
Tbn% waa it peinted, I can aaj no fene ; 
Hire aone is eke a stem as men maj <ee. 
TVr Kw I Dane ytumed til ■ tree, 
I meoe t>o« hire the goddeaae Diane, 
But Peneus dau^lCT, which that higlite Dane. 
I nere aaw I AtteoD an bait jmaki-d, 
' For TCDgcance (bat he saw Kane all naked : 
llmrhoir that his boundsB bale hkn cau^it, 
I And ficten him, fbr diat the; knew him naujjrt. 
I Tit panted was a litel forfheraicn, 
I Bow Athnlante hunted the wilde hore, 
I lad MeleagT^ and many another mo, 
j Fv irtacli Diane wn>ughto hem care and wo. 
TVr (aw I many another wonder stone. 
The ariiich me Uste not drawen to memoiie. 

nil goddease on an hart ful heje aete, 
Witfa cnvle houod^ all aboute Mn fete. 
And ondemethe liire Teet she hadde ■ mone, 
Wciii^ it was, and ihulde wanen M>iie. 
la gaudy grene hire statue clothed was, 
ttidi btnr in bond, and arwes in a caa. 

sjCD Casta she fill low adoun, 
Tka Pluto hath hi* derice regioun. 
A woman tniailling was hire befbme, 
Sm tor lure diilde so longe was unixHue 
Fol [HtoDsIy Lucina gan she call, 
Aodaayed; " Helper fbr thou mayMbeMe of alL" 
Wei coude he peinteo lifly thai it wnu^it, 
"^-^ many a BoKin be the faewei boaght 

Tfatf at Ilia grele a 

t arraied ttaus 

Whan it was don, liim liked wonder wel. 

I wdI of Tbeseoa a lite, 
And qieke of Palatnon and of Ardle. 

The day aiipracbeth of hir returning, 
That erericb shuld an hundred knigfates bring, 
de bAtaille to damine, as I you told ; 
AhI til Atbenes, fair rovenant for to bold. 
Hath ereriiA of hem brouj^ an hundnd knigbles, 
Wel armed for the werre at alle rif^nea. 
And ako'ly, ther trowed many a man, 
That never tithen that the worid began. 
As fbr to qieke of knighthood of fair IhhkI, 
A* fcr as God bath maked see and lond, 
ITaa, of ao tewe, so noble a compagnie. 
Fsr every wight tint lored chevalne. 
And wold, his thanko, han a passant name. 
Hath piaied, tbat he migiit ben of Ifaat game, 
And wel was him, tbat tberto chosen was. 
For if dier fell to-minwe, iwiche a as, 
Te fcnowen wel, that erery lusty kiught, 
Tbat lo*elfa par amour, and hath his might. 
Woe it in Englelond, or elleswher, 
Tbey Wfdd, hir ibsnkes, wiUen to b« ther. 
Tofi^t for a lady, a{ tetiedicite, 
' were a lusty aighte for to se. 

And right so fodsn tbey widi FalamoD. 
^th faim tb^ wcnien kn^^tca many oo. 
Ssn wol ben aimed in anhabargeon, 
* - ' ' — bicst plate, and in a gipon ; 

w(d hare a pair of {dates large) 


Tixt n^ no uwe guae, that it n'ss olil. 
Armed they weren, as I haTc you told, 
EvErich after his opinion. 

Hier maist thou se coming with Palamon 
Ijcnrge himself, the gicte king of Tisce i 
Bloke WIS hia herd, and manly was his hcf. 
The eercles of his eyon in his hed 
Tbey gloweden betwiien yelwe and red. 
And like a grifTon loked be about, 
With kemp«l hens on his browes stout ; 
His limmea gret, his braunes hard and stronge. 
His sbouldrts brode, his armes round and longe. 
And as the guise was in his coatree, 
Ful highe upon a char of gold stood he. 
With faun white holies in the trais. 
Instcde of cote armuie on his hamais. 
With nayles yelwe, and bright as any gold. 
He badde a beres skin, cole-blake for old. 
His longe here was kempt behind his bak. 
As any menes fether it shone for blake. 
A wr«h of gold arm-gret, of huge wei^t. 
Upon his bed sate ful of stones bright, 
Of fine rubins and of dismants. 
About his char ther wenten while alauns. 
Twenty and mo, aJ gret as sny stciv. 
To hunten at the leon, or the dere. 
And folwed him, with moset fast yijound, 
Colered with gold, and torettes filed round. 
An hundred lordes had he in his mute 
Armed full wel, with bertes sleme end stoute. 

With Arcita, in sloiies as men Sod, 
The gnl Emetiius the king of Inde, 
Upon a Btede bay, bapped in stele, 
Covered with chrth of gold diapred wele. 
Came riding like the god of annes Man. 
His cote aimure was of a cloth of Tan, 
Couched with perles, while, and round and grete. 
His sadel was of brent gold new ybete ; 
A mantelet upon his shouldics hanging 
Brct-ful of rubies red, as fire sparkling. 
His crispe here like ringes was yronne, 
And Chat was yelwe, and glitered as the Sonne. 
His nose was high, his eyen bright citrin. 
His lippes round, his colour was sangmn, 
A fewe iraknes in his face yspreint, 
Betwixen yelwe and blake somdel ymeint. 
And as a leon he his loUng caste. 
Of file and twenty yen his age I caste. 
His herd wai wel b^onnen for to spring ; 
His Tois was as a Irompe thonderii^ 
Upon hia hed he wered of laurer gnne 
A gerloud freaahe and lu^ fur to srae. 
Upon bis bond be bare fiir his deduit 
An egle tome, as any lily whit. 
An hundred lordes had he with him there. 
All armed nBve hir hedes in aL hir gere, 
Ful riitely in alle manere thinges. 
For trusteth wd, that eries, dukes, kingea 
Were gathered in this noble compagnle. 
For love, and for encreae of chevoliK 
About ttas king ther nin on every part 
Ful many a lame leon and leopart. 

And in this wise, these lordes all and some 
Ben on the Sonday to the dice come 
Abouten prime, and in the toun alight. 

This Tfaeseus, this duk, this worthy knight. 
Whan he had brought hem into his dlee. 
And inned liem, everich at Ina d^nve, I 
He featetfa hem, and doth fo gretlabo^l C 
To esen hem, and don bam all honour. 



Of ODD esCat ne coud unenden it. 

The minMralde, the service Ht the fate. 

The grete Jrttes to the moBt and lede. 

The liche array of TfaeHciu paleis, 

Ne wlio sate first, ne last upon the deis, 

'What ladies fayrest ben or best dancing. 

Or which of hem can catole best or ling, 

Ne who niinl fehugl; speketb of love ; 

What haukn sittvD on the perche above. 

What houndee liggen on the floor adoun. 

Of all this now nuke 1 no mentiouii ; 

But of the effect j that thioketh me the beats ; 

Now Cometh the point, ajid herkeoeth if you leste 

llie Sonday night, or day began to spiing, 
"Whan PahiTnon the lorke herde sing. 
Although it n'ere not day by hourea two. 
Yet sang the lorke, and FnUmoD rj^t tho 
With holy herte, and nith on high coiage 
He rose, to wenden on hia pilgrtmage 
Unto the blisful Citherea beuigne, 
I mene Venus, honourable and digne. 
And in hire houre, he walked forth a pas 
Unto the listcs, ther hire temple was. 
And doun he kneleth, and with bumble chere 
And herte sore, he sayde as ye shul here. 

" Fajreat of fayre, o lady min Venus, 
Daughter to Jotc, and apouse of Vulcanus, 
Thou gloder of the mount of Citheron, 
For tl^ke toie thou hitddeet to Adon 
Have ]utee on my bitter teres Hmert, 
And take myn humble ptaier at thin herte. 

" Alas ! I ne have no language to tell 
The eflecle, ae the torment of min hell ; 
Min herte may min hannes not bewrey : 
I un so confuse, that 1 cannot say. 
But mercy, lady bright, that knowest wele 
My thought, and seest what harmes that I fele. 
Consider all this, and rue upon my loie. 
As wisly aa I shall fbr erermare, 
Emibrlh tny mighl^ thy trewe serront be. 
And holden werrc olway nith chastite : 
That make I min avow, so ye me helpe. 
I kepe nought of armes for to yelpe. 
No ai I nat to-morwe to hare yictorie, 

Of pris of Brmes, blowen up and doun. 

But I wold have fully poesessioun 

Of Emelie, and die in hir« aerrise ; 

Find tliou the manere how, and in what wise. 

I rekke not, but it may better be. 

To have victorie of liem, oi they of me. 

So tliat I have my lady in min armes. 

For though BO be that Man Is god of armes. 

Your vertue is so grete in heven abore. 

That if you liate, I ahal wel hare my love. 

TTiy temple wol I worship evermo. 

And on t)un auter, wher I ride or go, 

I wol don BOcriSce, and fira bete. 

And if ye wol not so, my lady swele. 

Than pray I you, to-morwe with a qiere 

That Arcila me thui^h the herte here. 

Ulan rekke I not, whan I have Ion my lif. 

Though that Ardia win hire to his wi£ 

This is the elfecte and ende of my praiere ; 

YevB'me my love, thou blisftil lady dere." 

Whan the orison waa don of Palamon, 
Hia HcriBce be did, and that anon, 
Pull pitoaaly, with alle circumstanccB, 
All tell I not » now hia ofawmnces. 

But at the last the statue of Veoui ihoke. 
And made a aigne, wherby that be toke. 
That his praiere accepted was that day. 
For though the agne shewed a delay. 
Yet wist he wel that granted was his bone; 
And with glad herte he went him home ful a 

The Ihridde houre inequal that Falamon 
Began to Venus temple for to gon. 
Up rose the aonne, and up rose Emelie, 
And to the temple of Diane gan hie. 
Hire maydens, that she thider with hire laddc 
Ful redily with hem the fire they hadde. 

That to the sacrifice longeo aball. 
The homes ful of mede, as was the gise, 
Ther Iskked nought to don hire sacriHse. 
Smoking the temple, ful of clothes E^yre, 
This Emelie vrith herte debonajre 
Hire body wesahe with water of a well. 
But how she did hire Hte 1 dare not t^ ; 
But it be any thing in general ; 
And yet it were a game to heren all ; 

To h 


le of a grene oke ceriol 
Upon hire bed waa set ful fayie and mete. 
Two fires on the auter gan she bete. 
And did hire ihingea, as men may behold 
In Stace of Thebes, and these boka old. 

Whan kindled waa the fire, with pitoui tJiere 
Unto Diane she spake, aa ye may here. 

" O chaste goddesse of the wades grene. 
To whom both heven and erthe and see is aene. 
Queue of the n^ne of Pluto, doke and lowe, 
Goddesse of maydena, that min herte hast knowe 
Ful many a yere, and wost what I deaire, 
As kepe me fro thy vengeance and thin ire, 
That Atteon aboughta cruelly ; 
Chaste goddesse, wel woteat thou that I 
Deaire to ben a mayden all my lif, 
Nb never wol I be no love ne wif. 
I am (thou wost) yet of thy comp^nie, 
A mayde, and love hunting and venerie, 
And fbr to walken In the wodes nilde. 
And not to ben a wif, and be with childe. 
Nought wol I knowen compagnie of man. 
Now helpe me lady, aith ye may and can. 
For tho three formes that thou hast in thee. 
And Falamon, ttiat hath awicbe lore to me, 
And eke Ardte, that loveth me ao sore. 
This grace I praie thee withouten mon i 
As sende love and pees betwli hem two : 
And fro me tome away hir hertes so. 
That all hir bote love, and hir desirv, 
And all hir besy torment, and hir fire 
Be qudnte, or tomed in another place. 
And if so be thou wolt not do me grace. 
Or if my destinee be shapen so, 
That I shall nedes have on of hem two, 
As sende me him that most deiareth me. 

" Beholde, goddesse of clene chastHe, 
Tbe bitter teres, that on my cb^es fall. 
Sin thou art mayde, and keper of tu all. 
My nuiydenbed thou kepe and wel 
And while I live, a mayde I wol thee sei 

The Sres l>reone upon the auter clera, 
While Emelie wai thus in hire praiere : 
But Bodenly she saw a sighte qusntc. 
For right anon on of the Ares queiiua. 


And qniked again, and after that anon 

Ibtt otber fire waa queiiitc, and all agon : 

Aad aa it qnonte, it made n whiMeling, 

Ai don tli^ brooda iret in hir bmuung. 

And at the brvoda ende outran anon 

Aa it were blotij drapes many on : 

For wbidi » aort agait waa Emelie, 

Thai ilw wu vel aagb mad, and gao to crie. 

For dw ne wiste what it signified ; 

Bol ml; for tile fere thia she cried. 

And wept, that it waa pitee for to lise. 

And therwitliall Dituie gan appere 
Willi bowe in bond, right as an huntfnate. 
And Bayde ; ^^ Dougbtir, sdnt thin herineaab 
Among the godd^a highe lE is affeimed. 
And bj eteme woni written and confenned, 
Thoa (bait be wedded unto on of tbo, 
Tbat hau for thee w mochel cars and wo : 
But unto which of liem I may not telL 
Faiewd, for here I may no longer dwelL 
'nie fiiea which that on min aut£r brcnnet 
Sba] tlwe declaren n that (hou go henne. 
Thin arenture of Tove, as in thig cas." 

And with tliat word, the arwei in the cai 
Of tlie goddeaae datteren fait and ring, 
And fotth she went, and nude a vanishing. 
For which this Emelie astonied waa. 
And fajde ; " What amouoteth this, alaa ! 
1 potte me in th; protection, 
Diane, and in thy diapoadon. '^ 
And hisne ibe goth anon the nexte way* 
Thia ia the e&ecte, tber n'ia no more to say. 

The ncite home of Mara folwing tiiis 
Ardte nnto the temple walked ia 
Of Bnce Uan, to don hia lacrifiae 
'With al! the righta of hia payen wiae. 
With pilDUB heitc and high dcTotion, 
B^fat ibua to Hara he sayde his oriaon, 

" O atninge god, that in the regno cold 
Of Trace honoured art, and lonl jhold. 
And haat in e'rery regne and ereiy lond 
Ofannea all the bridel in thin hond. 
And hem fbrtunesi as thee lin deriae. 
Accept of me my fHtoua aadifiae. 
If lo be that my youthe may deaerrt. 
And that m; inigbt be wor^y for to aerre 
Thy godhcd, that I may ben on of thine, 
Than pmia 1 Ifaee to lewe upon my pint. 
For tlnlke peine, and thilke hote fiie. 
In which than whilom bnndeat for denrc 
Vfaanne tfatt thou naedcat the beautee 
Of (ayic yonge Venua, fieabe and ttte. 
And haJdfW hue in annes at th; wille -. 

Wlm Vok 

Whan Vokanua bad caught thee in his laa. 
And fimd. thee ligging by hia wif , alaa \ 
For Oalke Hicwe that was tho in tbio herte. 
Hare rvnthe as wel upon my peine* noertc 

■■ I am yonge and unkonning, as thou woet. 
And, a* I trow, with love ofieiided moat. 

For die, that dodi me all thia wo en(|ure, 
Ne reccctfa nenr, whether I linke or date. 
And wri I wot, or dw me metcy bete, 
I moBle with «i«nglhc win hire in the place : 
And «d 1 wot, whhotiten helps or grac^ 
Of thee, ne may my Mimgth not anulle : 
ThB belpe me, lod, to^norwe in my bMaille, 
Vtw ildlke fin that whilom brenned thee, 
A* w<*l ■> that tliii Are now bt«i)netb m* ; 

And do, that I 
Min be the travaille, and thin be the gloiie. 
lliy aoreiaine temple wol I most bonauren 
' Of ony place, and alway moat labouren 
In thy plesance and in thy crattes strong. 
And in thy temple I wol my baner bong. 
And all the annes of my compagnie. 
And erermore, until that day I die, 
Eteme fire I wol hefome thee find, 
And eke to thia avow I wol me bind. 
Hy herd, my here that hangeth long adoon. 
That never yet felt non oSensioun 
Of raaour ne of ihere, I wol thee yext. 
And ben thy Irewe servant while I live. 
Now, lord, have reuthc upon my sorwea soie, 
Yeve me the viclorie, I aie thee no more." 

Tlie praJer stint of Arcita the stronge. 
The ringes on the temple dore that b^ge. 
And eke the dores clattereden f\il fast. 
Of which Ardu sDrowhat him agsst. 
The fires brent upon the auter bright. 
That it gan all the temple for to tight ; 
A swete smelt anon the ground up yaf. 
And Arcita anon hia hond up haf. 
And more encense into the fire he east. 
With other rites nw, and at the last 
The statue of Mais began his hauberlce ring ; 
And with that aoun he herd a muimuriT^ 
Ful low and dim, that sayde thus, ■< Victorie." 
For which he yaf to Mars honour and glorie. 

And thus with joye, and hope wel to fare. 


is fare, 

Aa &yn as foul is of the brigbie sonne. 

And right anon swiche strif dwr is begotinu 
For thilke granting, in the heven above, 
Betwiien Venul the goddesse of love, 
Aod Mais the Meme God ormipotent. 
That Jupiter w«s besy it to stent: 
Til that the pale Satumus the colde. 
That knew so many of aventure* olde. 
Fond in his old experience and art, 
Ttcu he ful sone hath plesed every part. 
As sooth is sayd, elde hath gret avan^fc. 
In elde is botbe wiidom and usage : 
Men may the old out-renne, but not out-rede. 

Satume anon, to stcaten Btrif and drede, 
Al be it that it is again his kind, 
Ofall this strif began a remedy find. 

" My dere doughter Venus," quod Satume, 
■■ My CouiB, that bath so wide for to turae. 
Hath more power than wot any man. 
Min is the drenching in the see so wan, 
Min is the prison in the derke cote, 
Min i< tbe itionget and hanging by the throle- 
Tbe murmure, and the cherles rebelling. 
The groyning, and the prive empoysoning. 
I do vengeance and pleine correctioi). 
While I dwell in the agne of the Leon. 
Min is the mine of the highe hallea. 
The faUing of the toures and of the wallea 
Upon the minour, or the carpenter : 
I slew Samson in shaking the piler. 
tSia ben also the maladies colde, 
^e derke tresons, and the csalea olde : 
ah lokingia the fader of pestileoce. 
nSw wepe no more, I shall do diligence, 
ThM PaUunon, that is thin Owen knight, 
Shal have hia lady, aa thou host him hight. 
Thc^h Mais ohal help his kni^t yet nathelea. 
Betwiien yoji tber mot somtime be pee* : 
C 3 

All be ye DM of o complexion, 

That isuaeth all cU; iwiche divliton. 

I am tbin a;el, niy at thy idll ; 

Wepe now no mare, I shri thy lust AilGU." 

Now wol 1 stenten of the goddea atwre. 
Of Man, and ot Venus goddesH of lore. 
And telleD you as plainly as I can 
The gret effect, for which that I began. 

Gret was the fesle in Athene* thilke day. 
And eke the lusty leson of that May 
Made every wigbt Co ben in swicbe pleMUce, 
Hiat all that Monday juMen they and dance. 
And spcnden it in Venus high nerriie. 
But by the cause that they ahulden rise 
Erly B-iDorwe for to seen tlie fight. 
Unto bir rest* wenten thpy at night. 
And on the morwe whan the day gan spring. 
Of hon and hutieis noiiie and ckttering 
Ther waa in the hostelrie? all aboute : 
And to the poleia rode ther many a route 
Of lordea, upon tteda and palfrda. 

Ther mayat (hou see devising of bameii 
80 tmcouth and ao riche, and wrought » wele 
Of goldimithry, of brouding, and of atele ; 
The sheldes brighCe, testerea, and trappura ; 
Gold-hewen helraes, hauberkea, cote armtirea ; 
Lordei in parementes on bir coimerea, 
Knigbtes of retenue, and eke squieres. 
Nailing the iperea, and bclmes bokeling, 
GniiUng of abeldes, with lainers lacing; 
Ther as nede is, they werm nothing idel : 
The fomy atedei on the golden bijdct 
Gnawing, and ttit the annurerea also 
With file and hammer priking 10 and IVo ; 

With sborte staves, thicke aa they may gon ; 
I^pes, trompea, nakeres, and clariounes, 
That in the bataille blowen blody BOunes ; 
Tfae paleis ful of peple up and doun, 
Here three, ther ten, holding hir questioun, 
Duvining of these Thcban knightes two. 
Som aayden thus, som sayde it shat be so ; 
Som he! den with him vrith Che blacke herd, 
Som with the balled, som with the thick herd ; 
Sum saide he loked grim, and wolde Aghte : 
He hath a sparth of twenty pound of wigbte. 

Thus was the halle full of devining alWr that the sonne gan up apting. 
Tile gret Thewus that of his slepe is waked 
With minstialde and noise that was maked. 
Held yet the chimbre of his paleis ricbe, 
Til Chat the Theban knightes bothe yliche 
Honoured were, and to the paleia fette. 

Duk Theseus is at s window sette, 
Anied right as he were a god in trone : 
The peple -presetb thiderward ful lone 
Him for to seen, and don high reverence. 
And eke (o herken faia heste and his sentence. 

An beiBud on a scalTold made an O, 
HI that the nmse of the peple was ydo : 
And whan he saw the peple of noise al still. 
Thus shewed he the mighty dukes will. 

" The lord hath of his high disciedon 
Considered, that it were destruclioa 
To gentil blood, to fighten in the gtse 
Of mortal liatallle now in this empiise : 
Wheifore to sbapeo that they rtiul not dfe. 
He wol Jiis fiiste puipos modiflb 

" No man theifore, up p«ne of losae of Uf, 
No ifloner dlot, ne polios, ne short knif 

ot thider biii^ 
Ne short Bwerd for b> stike with point biting 
^* le draw, ne here it by bis side. 

in sbal unto his feUw ride 
o couis, with a aharpe ygrounden apa« ; 

Foin if hi 

n foot, h 

And he that is at mescbief, shall be lake. 

And not sLiine, but be brought unto the stake. 

That shal ben ordeined on eyther side, 

Thider he shal by force, and ther abide» 

And if so &U, the cbeveCain be take 

On eyther side, or elles sleth his nuke, 

No longer shal the tourneying ylast. 

God spede you ; goth forth and lay on fast. 

Witli long swerd and with mase fighceth your fill, 

Goth now your way ; this is the lorde* vrilL" 

The VOLS of the peple touched to the heven. 
So loude crjeden they with mery Steven : 
" God save swicbe a lord that is so good. 
He wilneth no destruction of blood." 

Up gon the Qrnnpes and the melodie. 
And Co the listes rit the compagnie 
By ordinance, thurghout the cite large, 
Hanged with cloth of gold, and not with soj^i^ 
Ful like a lord this noble duk gan ride. 
And these two Thebans upon eyther side : 
And after rode the quene and Emelie, 
And after that another compagnie 
Of on and other, after hir degree. 
And thus tfaey paasen thurghout the cilee. 
And to the listet comeo they be time : 
It n'as not of tfae day yet fully prime. 

Whan set wai Theseus ful rich and hie, 
TpoliCa die quene, and Hmelie, 
And tuber ladies in degrees abouce, 
Unto the Seles preaeth all the route. 
And westward, thur^h the gates under Mart, 
Arcite, and elce the hundred of bis part. 
With baner red, is entred right aoonj 
And in the selve moment Falamon 
Is, under Vanus, estward in the plac^ 
With baner white, and hardy chere and face- 
In all the worid, to seken up and doun. 

For Cher was non so wise that coude sey. 

That any badde of other avantage 

Of worthinesae, ne of eilat, ne age. 

So even irere they chosen for to gesae. 

And in two renges tayre they hem dnjae. 

Whan that hir names red were everich on, 

That in hir nomhre gile were ther non, 

Tbo were the galea shette, and cried waa loude; 

" Do now your devcar, yonge knightss proude." 

The heraudes left bir priking up and doun. 
Now ringen Qompefl loud and clarioun. 
Ther is no more to say, but est and west 
In gon the aperes aodty in the rest ; 
In goth the sharpe spore into the side. 
Ther see men who can juste, and wlio can ridei 
Ther sbiveren shaftea upon sbeldes thieke ; 
He feleth thurgh the berte-spone the pricke. 
Up sptingen spetea twenty foot on bights ; 
Out gon tlie swerdes as die ulver brighie. 
The helmea they to-hewen, and co-shrede ; 
Out brest the blod, with steioo stremes rede. 
With mighty maces the bones they lo-breite. 
He thurgh the thickest of Che throng gan thresCc. 
Tlier stomblen stedes Mrong, and doun gMh alL 
He rollelh under foot as doth a ball. 


Rc fianelb on hli f Ao with ■ tranchoon. 
And be bim himletfa wjifa hii tun ■douu. 
He tfaugti ibe body is hurt, uid lilh jtake 
Mmizpv bii bed, uid brought unto tbe st^e) 
Ai farword wms, right ther be Diust abidei 
Another lad is on ibat oiber udc 
And wmtiiiie doth hem Theseus to nst. 
Hem to refrcsll, and drioken if him le«. 
Ful oft B day ban thiike Thdwiies two 
TogedcT met, and wrought eche other no : 
Ushoned bath ecbe other of hem twej. 
Ther n'as no tigre in tbe Tale of Galapbey, 
'Whan that hire vhe]pe ii Hole, whan it ia lite. 
So cruel on the hunt, ai ii Arcite 
For jaioos bene upcai this Palamon : 
Ne in Befanarie ther n'ii so fell Icon, 
Hiat hunted is, or (hr his bungei wood. 
Me of hi* prey daeiretb so tbe blood. 
At Palamon to ileen hia foo Amte. 
ThejaloiH stroke* on bir helmes Inlv; 
Out miaetb blood on both hir sides rede* 




Ho* Falamoik, as be fougiit with Ardta, 
And made his iwerd depe in his flesh to bile. 
And by tbe forte of twenty is be take 
Unyolden, andydrawen to the stake. 
And in the rescous of tliis Falan»n 
Hw stntnge king Ucur^ is borne ailoua : 
And king Emetriua for all his strengthe 
' Is bume out of his sadel a swerdes iengtbe. 
So hette him Palamon or he were take ; 
But all for oougbt, be was brought to the stake ; 
Hu haidy bertc might him helpen naugbt, 
Uc moGte alnden, whan that be was caught, 
By foree, and eke by compodtioD. 

Who sOTweth now but woful Palamon 7 
That mnste do more gon again to fight. 
And wliui tbM TbeaeuB h*d eeen that si^l, 
Unto tbe (bik that Ibughten thus eche on. 

He a 


1 woJ be trewe juge, and not parde. 
Arciie of Tbttes shal have Emelie, 
That by bis fortune bath hire byre ywotine." 

Aqosi tber is a noise of peple b^onne 
For joy of tbis, so loud and high wilball. 
It seemed that the kistes sbulden &1L 

What can now fayie Ven 
What aaitfa she now? what 
But wepeth so, f« 
Til thM hire teres ii 
She Hyde: "lam 

nting of hire wUl, 

aabamed doutelees.^ 
^ " Daughter, bold thy peek ** 

Han hath his will, his knight hath all his bone. 
And b^ min bed ihou shalt ben esed tone. 

Tbe tnxnpoures with the loude minstralde. 
The '"""'*—, that so loude yell and crie, 
Ben in bir jc>ye for wele of Dan Arcite. 
Bol berkeneth me, and slentetb uoise a lite, 
Whiche a minKie tber befell anon. 

This fierce Arcite bath of his hclme ydon. 
Awl on a courser fur to she* his bee 
He priketb eodeiong the large place, 
Ijiking upward upon this Emelic i 
And she again him cast a friendlich eye, 
( For woBien, as to qwken in commune. 
They folwen all the braur of fortune) 
Aad vas all bis in cbere, as his in heite. 
Out at the ground ■ fiiry infernal Merte, 

From Ptuto sent, at requeite of Satume, 
For which his bon for fere gan to tume. 
And lepte aside, and foundred aa he lepe ; 
And er that Arcite may take any k^ie. 
He pight him on the pomel of liis bed. 
That in the phu* he hiy as he wore ded. 
His brcst to-brosten with his tadel bow. 
As blake he lay as any cole or crow, 
So was the blood yronnen in bis face. 

Anon be was ybome out of the placa 
With berte s«e, lo Theseus paleis. 
Tbo was he corren out of his hameis, 
And in a bed ybrought ful fayre and bhve. 
For he was yet in memorie, uul live. 
And alway crying after Emelie. 

Duk Tbeseus. with all his compagnie, 
Is comen home to Atbenea his due, 
With alle blisse and gret solempnite. 
Al be it that this aventure was falle, 
He n'olde not discomfbrten. hem aUe. 
Men sayden eke, that Arcite shal not £», 
He ihal ben beled of hia maladie. 
And of another thing Ibey were as Ikfo, 
That of hem alle was tber non yilain, 
Al were they sore yburt, and namely on. 
That with a spere was thirled hia brcat bone. 
To other woundea, and to broken aimcs, 
8am hadden salve*, and som badden chamMi ; 
And fermacieB of beibea, aikd eke save 
lliey dronken, for they wold hir Uvea have. 
For which this noble duk, aa he wel can, 
Comforteth and honouivlb every man, 
And made revel all tbe longe night, 
Unto the itrange lordes, as was right. 
Ne ther n'aa balden no discomforting. 
But as at juste* or a toumeyina | 
For Botbly ther n'ai no discomBtura, 
For Uling n'is not but an av^Uurc. 
Ne to be Ud by force unto a stake 
Unyolden, and with twea^ kai^ites take^ 
O penon all alone, witbouten mo. 
And haried forth by anoea, fbot, and too. 
And eke bi* Nede driven forth with staves. 
With fbotmen, hothe yemen and eke knaves, 
It was aietted him no vilanie : 
Tlier nwy no man clepen it cowerdie. 
For which anon duk Theseus let crie. 
To stenten alle nncour and envis, 
The gree aa wel of o dde aa of other, 
And eyther side ylike, as otben brother : 
And yave hem gifles after hir degree. 
And helde a feste fully dayes three : 
And conveyed the kinges woKhily 
Out of hia loun a journee largely. 
And home went every man the righte way, 
Tber n'aa no more, but farewel, have good day. 
Of thia balaille 1 wol no mon endite. 
But tpeke of Palamon and of Ardte. 

Swelleth the brest of Ardte, and the sore, 
Encreaetb at bis herte more and more. 
The clotered blood, for any leche-cfaft 
Comunpeth, and i* in his bouke ylaf^ 
That neytber veine-blood, ne venlouaing, 
Ne drinke of herbea nuy ben Ills helping. 
llie venue expulsif, ck' animal. 
Pro thilke vertue deped natural, 
Ne may the venime voiden, ne eipell. i 
The ^pea of his longes gan to swell,0 | C 

82 CHI 

Him guiuth neyther, ibr to-get hU Uf, 

Vomit upward^ Ti£ dotrnwHrd laialif ; 

All U to-brostea Ihilke r^ion ; 

Nature hath noif no dominaliaii. 

And certainty thar nature ml not wercbe, 

Farewel physike ; go here the man to ebacbe. 

This is all and torn, that Ardcc moKe die. 

Pot which he sendeth aller Emelie, 

And Palaman, that waA his cxnin d«v. 

Than uyd be thus, hs ye ahulii aiUr here. 

" Nought may the wofiil spirit iu myn hert« 
Declare o poiat of all my lorwcs amerte 
To you, my lady, that I love most; 
But I bequethe the service of my gost 
To you aboven erery creature, 
Sin that my lif ne ntay no lenger dure. 

" Alas the wo I alas the peinei strong. 
That I for you have aunered, and bo longe ! 
Alas the deth ! alaa min Emelie ! 
Alas departing of our compagnie '. 
Alas min hertei quene i alas my wif [ 
Min hertes ladJe, ender of my lif ! 
WhM is Ihii world? what aren men to have ? 
Now with his loye, now in lus colde grave 
Alone withouten any compagnie. 
Farewel my iwete, farewel min Emelie, 
Aod BoAe take me in your annes twey. 
For love of God, and hcrkeneth what I >ey. 

" I have here with my cosin Patamon 
Had Btrif and rancour many a day agon 
For love of you, and for my jalouue. 
And Jupiter so wis my soulr gie. 
To apeken of a servant proprely. 
With slle drcumstaQces trewely, 
Tbat is to sayn, bouth, honour, and knighthede, 
"WiBdom, humblesae, estat, and high kinrede, 
Frcdom, and all that longeth to that ait. 
So Jupiter have of my loulu part, 
Ai in this world right now nc know I oon. 
So worthy to be loved as PalatDon, 
Hat serveth you, and wol don all his lif. 
And if that ever ye shal ben a wif, 
Foryete not Fslunon, the gentil man." 

Aod with that word his ipeche faille b^an. 
For from his feet up to his hrest was otme, 
The cold of deth, that had him ovemome. 
And yet moreover in big aimes two 
The vital strength is lost, and ^1 ago. 
Only the intellect, withouten more. 
That dwelled in his herte sike and aore. 
Gan &illen, whan the herte felte deth ; 
Dusked his eyen two, and billed his breth. 
But on his ladie yet cast he his eye j 
His last word was ; " Mercy, £meUe '. " 
His ainrit chained hous, and wente ther, 
Aod as I came never I cannot telleD wber. 
llierfore I stent, I am no divinistre : 
Of soules find I not in this n 



Of hem, though that they wiiten wber they dwelle. 
Arcite is cold, ther Mars bia soule gie. 
Now wol I speken forth of Emelie. 

ShrigHt Emelie, and houleth Palamon, 
And Theseus his aister toke anon 
Swouning, and bare hire from the corps away. 
What belpcth it to tarien forth the day, 
To tellen how she wep both even and morwe ? 
For in swicbe caa wimmen have awiche sorwe, 
Whan that hir housbonds ben fro bem ago, 
That for the mote part they soiwen so. 

Or *Ues bUen In awiche maladie, 
Thai atte laste certainly they die. 

Infioite ben the sarwes and the terea 
Of olde folk, and folk of lendre jeres, 
In all the toun for deth of this Hieban : 
For him ther wepeth bathe childe and man. 
So gt^ a weping was ther non certain. 
Whan Hector vras ybroughl, all fresh yslain 
To Troy, alas ! the pilee that was there, 
Crelching of cbekes, rending eke of here. 
" Why woldesl thou be ded?" thiae womea etie, 
" And haddest gold ynough, and Emelie." 

No nian mi^t gUden this duk Tbeaeua, 
Saving his olde fader Egeu^ 
That knew this vrorldes transmutatiouil. 
As he had seen it chaungen up and doun, 
Joye after wo, and wo after gladnesae ; 
And shewed him ensample and Hkeneasb 

" Right as ther died never man " quod he, 
" That be ne lived in erthe in som degnB, 
Right so ther lived never loan '* be seyd 
" In all this world, that aomtime be ne dcyd. 
lliis world n'ia but a thurgbfare fid of wo. 
And ire ben pilgrimes, passing to and fro i 
Deth is an end of every worldes sore." 

And over all this yet said he mochel moTO 
To this effect, till wisely to enhort 
The peple, that they ahutd hem recom ft i r t. 

Duk Theseus with all his besy cure 
He castetb now, wber that the sepulture 
Of good Arcite may best ymaked be. 
And eke most Iionoursbte in his degree. 
And at the last be toke conclusion. 
That ther as first Arcite and Palamon 
Hadden for love the bstaille bem betwene. 
Thai in that aelve grove, sote and gnne, 
Ther as he badde his amorous desires. 
His complaint, and for love his bote fires. 
He wolde make a fire, in which the office 
Of funeral he might all accomplise j 
And lete anon commande to hack and hewe 
The okes old. and lay hem on a rew 
In culpons, wel araied for to brenne. 
His officers with swifte feet they tenne 
And ride anon at his commandcment. 
And after this, this Theseua hath sent 
After a here, and it all overspradde 
With cloth of gold, the richest that he hadde ; 
And of the same suit he cladde Arcite. 
Upon his hoodea w^re his gloves white. 
Eke on his bed a croime of laurtr grene. 
And in his bond a swerd ful bright and kene. 
He laid him bare the visage on tiie here, 
Tberwith he wept that pitec was to hoe. 
And for the peple shulde seen him alle. 
Whan it was day he brought him to the h^l^ 
That roieth of the crying and (he soun. 

Tho came this woful Thehan Palamon 
With flotery berd, and ruggy ashy here^ 
In clothes blake, ydropped ail vrith teres. 
And (passing over of weping Emelie) 
The reufullest of all the compagnie. 

And in as much aa the service shuld be 
The more noble and riche in his degree, 
Duk Theseus let forth three stedes bring. 
That trapped were in stele all glittering. 
And covered vrith the aimea of Dan Arcite. 
And eke upon these stedea giet and while 
Hier saten folk, of which on bare bis sbeld. 
Another his spere up in his bondet hdd i 


Hk tfaridds tms with'lilm his bow Toifceta, 
Of brent gold wu the cas and dia hamda : 
Aod liden forth ■ pai with (orwcful cbera 
TowBid die grtm, aa ye iliiit after here* 

TIk noblot of the Grekea thai ther veie 
Upon hir ihuldna cairieden the bere. 
With Uacke pai, and eyen red and wetc, 
'niur^iinit the dice, by the maiatcr atntc, 
TIbI aprad waa all with black, and wonder hie 
Bi^ of the lanw is all the strete ywrie. 
Upon tbe ligbt hand went olde E^us, 
Aul on that other nde duk Tbeaeiu, 
With Tcseto in hb- hood of gold fill fine. 
All fill of bony, milk, and blood, and wine ; 
Eke Falamon, with tnl grel comp«gnie ; 
And iAer that came voful Emelie, 
With fin in hood, w wag that time the gin, 
To (kn tbe office of fuoeral serrice. 

High labour, and fill grpt sppandliing 
Waa at tbe aenice of that fire making, 
Tbat with hia grene top the bevcn taught, 
And twenty fadom of bt«de the armea atrauglit : 
TUs ia to -lain, the bougbea were 90 btnle. 
Of ilie first ther waa laied many a lode. 

But bow the fire waa maked up on hij^te. 
And Ax tbe name* bow the tnm highte, 
Ai oke, fir, biieb, aifie, alder, balm, poplere, 
Wilow, eim, plane, aah, boi, cheatein, lind, laurerc, 
kbqtle, tham, becbe, hasel, ew, whipultn. 
How tbey were feld, ahal not be told for me ; 
Ne bow tbe goddea tannen up and douo 
DiAerited of her habilatiaun. 
In whid ^hey wooeden in rest and peca, 
Ninphea, Faimea, and Aniadriadea; 
"He how tbe bestea, and the briddes aile 
Fleddm for fere, whan the wood gen falle ; 
Ne how the ground agaat waa of the liffht^ 
7W waa not wont to we the aonne bright ; 
Ke bow tbe fire waa couched firtt with sire. 
And than with diie stickes cloven a-thre. 
And than with grene wood and spicetie. 
And than with cloth of gold and with perrie, 
And gerlonda hanging with ful inany a Aour. 
The miire, th'en 

lie bow Ardta lay amoilK i 
Ne what ridxase about his 


nelie, aa waa the gise, 
Put in tbe fire of funeral service ; 
Ne bow >be awouned whan i^be made the fire, 
Ne what abe spake, ne what waa hire desire i 
Ne what jewelles men in the fire caste, 
Wban tbat the fire waa gret aj]d brenCc faste ; 
Ne how >om caat hir slield, and som hir spere. 
And of Ur •estimentes, which they were, 
And cuppes ftitl of wine, and milk, and blood. 
Into the fii«, that brent as it were wood ; 
Ne bow the Grekea with a huge route 
Time timca riden all tbe Gie abouce 
Upon tbe left bond, with a loud ahouting. 
And Ihriee with hit speree cistering ; 
And Cbriea bow the ladies gan Co crie ; 
Ne bow tbat led waa homew a rd Epielic ; 
Kc hotw Ajcite ia brent to ashen cold ^ 
Ne bmr tbe tkbe-wake was yhold 
All (baike lu^it, ne bow the Grekea play, 
nie wake-plaies ne kepe I not to aay ; 
Who wrcaded best naked, with oile enoint, 
Ne who tbat bate Urn best in no diijoinl. 
I wdU not tellai eke bow thej all gon 
UcMD* til AttMDn whan the piny ia don ; 

But shortly to the point now wol I wendc. 
And maken of my longe tale an ende. 

By proceaae and by lengdie of certain yere* 

Of Grekea, by on general aaaent. 
Than aemeth me ther was a parlement 
At Athenes, upon certain point* and caa -. 
Amongea the which poinla yspiAen wa* 
To iMTe with certun contma alliance. 
And have of Thebanea fully obeiance. 
For which thii noble Tbeaeua anon 
Let eenden after gentU Palamon, 
Unwist of him, iriiat waa tbe ause and why : 
But in bis blacke cbrtbta aorwefull; 
He came at his coonnaDdanient on Ha ; 
Tho aente Theaeu* for Emelie. 

Whan they were aet, and huaht wa* el tbe plact 
Aud Theaeua ahiden hath a ap«e. 
Or any wisd came from hifl wise brest 
Hia eyco set be Iher M waa bia lest. 
And with a sad «iaage be tiked adll. 
And after that tight Ihua he aayd his will. 

" The finte mover of tbe cause above 
Whan be firtte nude tbe fayre chaine of lore, 
Gret was th' effect, and high waa bia entent; 
Wei vrist be why, and what tberof he ment -. 
For with that byre chaine of love he bond 
The fire, the air, the walre, and tbe lond 
In certain botidea, that diey may not flee ; 
T^iat same prince and mover eke " quod he 
" Hath atabliabt, in thia wretched world adoun. 
Certain of dayes and duratjon 
To all that are engendied in this place, 
Over the which day they ne mow not pace, 
Al mow they yet the dayes wel abrege- 
llier nedetb non autoritee allege. 
For it ia preved by experience, 

Than may men by this ordre wel diacerue, 
That thilke mover liable ia and e< 


nen knov 

I but it be a fool, 

Tbat every part deoveth Irom his 1 
For nature hath not taken bia beginning 
Of no partie ne cantel of a thing. 
But of a thing that parfit is and stable, 
Descending so, til it be corrumpabJe. 
And Iherfore of his irise purveyance 
He hath so wel beaet his ordinance, 
Thaiipecea of th 
Shulien enduren 
And not eteme, withouten any lie : 
This maieit thou understand and aeen at eye. 
Lo tbe oke, tbat hath ao long a norishing 
For the time that rt ginneth firat to spring. 
And hath ao long a lif, aa ye may see. 
Yet at the laste wasted i* tbe tree. 
ConHdereth eke, how that the barde stone 
Under our feet, on which we trede and gon. 
It wastclh, aa it lieth by tbe wey. 
Tbe brode river aomtime weieth drey. 
Tbe grete lounes see we wane and wende. 
Than may ye see that all thing bath an ende. 
Of man and vroman see we wel alao, 
That nedea in on of tbe termes two, 
That u to layn, in youthe or elle* age. 
He mote be ded, tbe king as shall a page ; 
Som in bis bed, som in the depe see, 
Som in the large field, aa ye may see : 
Ther belpeth notighl, all goih tint ilko wey : 
Ilyui may I aayn that ^c thing mole dey. 


What makelh this but Jupiter tlie king ? 

The which is prince, and cauw of alia thing, 

Converting aUe unto his propte wiile. 

From which it is derived, Mlh to telle. 

And here-againefl no cxvature on UfC 

Of no degree ariutleUi for to Mrive. 

Than 11 it wisdom, as it thinketh me, 

To maken rertue of necodte, 

Aad take it wel, that we ma^ not etthewe. 

And PBindy that to us all is dewe. 

And who to grutcbeth ought, he doth iblie> 

And rebel is to him that al) ma; gie. 

And certainly a man hath tnost honour 

To dien in his eicellence and flour. 

Whan he is dker of hi« goode name. 

Than hath he don Iiis Trend, ne him, no shan 

And glader ougbl his &end ben of his detb. 

Whan with honour is yolden up hii breth. 

Than whan his name appalled is fbr age ; 

For all foryetten is hi> vasaallage. 

Than is it best, as for ■ worthy famt. 

To dien whan a man is b«t (^name. 

The contrary of al! thi) is wilfuhiene. 

Why grulcben we? why haie we bennene. 

That good Ardle, of chivalTy the flour. 

Departed is, with dutee and honour. 

Out of this foule prison of this lif ? 

Why grutcben here his cosn and his wif 

Of his welfare, that loven him so wel ? 

Can he hem thank 7 nay, God wot, nei 

That both his soule, and eke I 

And yet Ihey mow hir luste* not amend. 

" What may I conclude of this longe seiie. 
But after aorwe I rede ns to be merie, 
And tbanken Jupiter of all bi« grace. 
And er that we departen from this place, 
I rede that we make of sorwes two 
O parflt joye lasting erenno : 
And loketh now wher most aorwe is berein, 
Ther wol I finte amenden and begin. 

" iHster," quod he " this is my full assent. 
With all th' avis here of my parlenwnt. 
That gentil Palamon, your owen knight. 
That serceth you with will, and herle, and might. 
And ever hath don, sin ye first bim knew, 
TbtX ye thai] of your grace upon him rew. 
And taken him for busbond and for lord: 
I<ene me your hand, for this is oure accord. 

" Let see now of your womanly pitee. 
He h a kingea brothers sone pardee. 
And though he were ■ poive badwlere, 
Sn he hath served you so many a jrere. 
And bad for you so giet adtenite. 
It most* bea oonnd^ed, levetfa me. 
Kot gentil mercy oweth to paiseu right." 

Tban sayd he thus to Palanton tlw knighl ; 
" I trow tber nedetb lilel sermoning 
To maken you asaenten to this thing. 
Cometh ner, and take your lady by the hond." 

Bctwiien hem was maked anon the bond, 
That hi^u matrimoine or nuriage. 
By all tiie con«eil of the baronage. 
And thus with alle blisae and melodie 
Hath Falamon ywedded Gmelie. 
And Cod that all this wide world halb wrought. 
Send him his love, thai bath it doe ybought 
For DOW is Patamon in alle wele, 
living in bllMe, in ricbeaae, and in bele. 
And Umelie him loveth so tendrely. 
And he liire Ecrveth al so gentilly. 

That Dtfrer wn Qht do word bea iMtm 
Of Jalou^e, ae of non other tene. 

Thus endetb Palamon and Emetle ; 
And God save all this fayre a 


O tCATBrnL harm, condition of poverte. 

With thirst, with cold, with hunger so conTouiida^ 

To asken heipe thee shameth in chin hcrte. 

If thou noQ ask, so sore art than ywounded. 

That veray nede unwrappeth al thy wound hid. 

Maugre thin hed thou must for indigence 

Or stele, or begge, or borwe thy diapence. 

Thou blameat Crist, and sayR ftd bitteriy, 

He misdeparteth ricbesae tempiMal ; 

Thy neighebour tbou witent sinfully. 

And aayst, tbou bsM to litel, and be hatb all ; 

Parby (sayst thou) somtime he reken ihall. 

Whan that his Uyl >bal brennen in tbe gledc, 

For be nought helpeth needful in hir neda. 

Herken what is the sentence of tbe wise. 
Bet is to dien than have indigence- 
Thy selve nei^ebour wol thee deapiae. 
If tbou be poure, &rewel tby merenceL 

If thou be poure, thy brother haleth tlwe, 

And all thy Amdes fleen fro thee, alas ! 

O rtche mardiants, ful of wele ben y^ 

O noble, o prudent folk, as in this cas. 

Your b^ggea ben not filled with ambea as. 

But with sis dnk, that tcnneth for your diance ; 

At Cristenmasse, meiy may ye dance. 

d and SI 



AS wise folk ye kuawen all th' eatat 

Of regnes, ye ben fathers of tidinges. 

And tales, both of pees and of d^ati 

I were right now of tales desolat, 

N'eie that a marchant, gon is many ■ yere. 

Me taught a tale, which that ye ahull here. 

In Surric whilom dwell a compagnie 
Of chiquDen rich, and therto sad and OtWt 
That wide where senten hir spicerie, 
Clothea of gold, >nd satins ricbe of hewe. 
Hir ebatCae was so ihrilty and so newe. 
That every wiglit balh deinlee (o efaaffan 
Witb hem, and eke to sellen hem hir ware. 

Now fell it, (hat t>W maistera of bat aort 
Han shapen hem ti Rome for to weikde. 
Were it for diapmanhood, or tat disport. 
Nod otber meaaage wtdd they ihider sende, 
But comen hemtelf to Rome, this is tbe ende ; 
And In swiche place as thought hem avanti^ 
For hire entente, tbey Ukcn hir heibergag*. 


SaJaDmed ban theM vuuAuala in tbit tonn 
A cenmin time, *« fell to bir plesaoee : 
And w befell. Hut tbB eicellent rencnm 
Of tlie ODp^nHiEes dooghter dune CiutoncB 
Reported wu, with erery drcvimstuiee. 
Unto tb«e Snirien nurdwnta, in swiche wiM 
Fid 6aj to daf , ta I ihal jrou derise. 

To rekm u od bin goodneMc u bewile. 

** In Ih>« is high beuitc widioutni pride, 
Toutlie, withouten g 
To cIl hire werkes ii 

Home to Suirie bea tbej went ful &;ti. 
And don fair nedes, as Ibej iiaii don yore. 
And Bven in wele, I can laj you no more. 

Nov fidi it, that Awn mai'diaDtg itaod in graco 

Of Um that was the Soudan of Surrie : 

For whan thqr came from an; itniige place 

He wold of lua bcnigne curtcaie 

Milu hem good dure, and benl; e*|Ma 

Tifngi of luodi; i^nes, for to lera 

IIk wondeTB that they mighle seen or here. 

Ano^ca oUier ihinge* ■pedaUy 

TfaCK mardiaiiM ban him told of dome Cuitance 

So giEt iwbleMc, in enwM seHoual;, 

TIhI tiiis Soudan hath caught ao giM plennce 

To han hire figure in hia Eemembiance^ 

Ttm all hi» lint, and all lua bei; cure 

Wat tar to lore hire, while liia lif ma; dure, 

I^nrentme in ddlke large book, 

WUch that nwn clepc the heren, ywriten waa 

Wtlh iterTes whan that he hii birtbe took, 

Tfatf be for lore riiuld han bii deth, alaa! 

Par in the Merrei, clerer than is gl». 

Is wiitcii, God wot, who BO cond it rede, 

Tk dcth at ererjt man widtonten dredai 

Was writ tbe deth of Hector, Addttes, 
Of Fampc;, Julius, or they were bom ; 
Thesiiif of Thebes; and of Hercules 
Of Saropaon, Tumui, and of Socrates 
The deth ; but roeimes wittes ben «o dull, 
That lu wight can wel lede it at the iiill. 

Tbis Soudan for hi* priie coimcd leM, 
And duttly of thii matere fbr to psce, 
He halfa to hem dedaied bis enlen^ 
And sajd hem certain, but he miglit have (p 

> but ded, and charged hem in hie 

DiTene men, dirana dilngei MidoD ; 
'Hwy argumenles castoi up and doim ; 
Many a subdl reson forth they latden ; 
They apeken of magike, and abosioD ; 
But fiiwlty, as in coQclusioo, 
Tbey cannot seen in that mm atanlaga, 
Se in noD other way, save maiiag*. 

Than saw they therin awiche difflcultea 
By way of reson, for to apeke all plain. 
Because Iher wag swiche dheisitce 
Betwcne hir bothe lawes, that they asyn. 
They trowen that no Cristen prince wold &yii 
Wedden his child under our lawe swete. 
That us waa yeren by Mahound our pcophete. 

Cuttaoco, I wol be cristened doutslei : 
I mote b«a hirei, I may noo other ebeaa, 
I pn^ you bold your arguinenta in peca^ 
SaTcdi my 11^ and betb not recchels 
To ^eten bin that halfa my lif in cura. 
For in tlui wo I may not Umg endure." 

What nedeth grctar dilatadon 7 

I Bay, by tretJaa and anibMiatria^ 

And by the pope* mediatioD, 

And all tbe <^rdw, and all tbe dwralrie^ 

That in destruction of MaumetiJe, 

And in encrese of Cristas lawe dtfia, 

Tbey ban accorded so as ye may here ; 

How that the Soudan and taa baronage. 
And oil hia liagei ahuld yctistened b^ 
And he sbal ban Cualance in maiiuc. 
And certain gidd, 1 n'ot what quantilae. 
And hereto Gnden suffliant nirctce. 
The same accord is awome on eyther side [ 
Now, &ii Cuilaaoe, Almighty God tbae gida. 

Now wotdea iom men wailen, as I gen^ 
That I ihuld tellen all the purvesanc^ 
Tbe whidi that the emperour of his noblewe 
Hath sfaapen for his doughter dame Custance, 
Wel may men know that so gret ordinance 
May no man leUen in a litel clause. 
As was arraied for so high a cause. 

Biahopes ben alupen with hire for to wende, 
Lordes, ladies, and knightes of renoun, 
And other folk ynow, this is tbe end. 
Aod notified is tburgbout si the toim, 
Tbtit every wight with giet derotioua 
Siiuld piayen Crist, that be this manage 
ReceiTe in gna, and apede this viage. 

Tbe day is comen of hire departing^ 
I Bay the woful day fatal ia come. 
That tha- may be no longer tarying, 

Cuataoce, that waa with sorw 

Ful pale ariat, and dreaaeth hire (o wende. 

For wel she seth tber o'is non other ends. 

Alas ! what wonder ii it though she wept ? 
Hiat ahal be >ent to stiaunge nation 
Fro fivndes, that so tendrely hire kept. 
And to be bounds under aubjection 
Of on, sbe knoweth not his condition. 
Hou^HMides ben all good, and ban bca yon^ 
Ulat knowcn wina, I daiv aay no nKm. 

" Fader," ibe uid, " thy wretched child CiuUuue, 
Til; yonge dougbter, foMered up «a *aft. 
And je, my moder, mj> sorenine plesaoca 
Over all thing, (out tsken Criit on loft) 
CuitulcB your dlild hire recommendeth oft 
Unlo youi gimce ; for I thai to Surrie, 
N« ahsl I never Ken jov more with ejt. 

" Alaa '. unto the B*rt>are nation 

I nnute gon, lin that it is jrour will : 

But Criat, that ■torfe for our redemption. 

So reve me grace hii heates to fulfill, 

I wretched woman no force though I spill ; 

Women am borne to thraldom and penance. 

And to ben under mannea goremance." 

I tnlwe at Trof* lAan Fimu brake Oe wall. 
Or Ilion brent, or Thebes the dtee, 
Ne at Rome for the harm thurgh Hanniball, 
lliat Ronuu hadi renquedked times three, 
N^ herd awidie icndte weping for pitee, 
Ai in the chambre wsa for hire parting. 
Bat fbrth the mole, wheder she wepe <»' sing. 

O Ante moving cruel firmament. 
With thy i^urnal swegh (list croudeM af, 
And hurtlen all from est (ill Occident, 
That natuially woU hold another way ; 
Illy crouding Bet the heven in ewicbe array 
At the beginning of this fierce viage, 
That cruel Man hath shun this marriage. 

Infortuiut ascendent (nituoua, 

Of wUch the loid is helpele* bll, alas ! 

Out of his angle into the derlcett hou*. 

O Man, a Atyxar, as in this cas ; 

O feble Mone, unhappy ben thy pas, 

Hiou knitteHt thee ther thou art not rec^ved. 

Titer thou were wsl fro thennes art thou weived. 

Imprudent emperour of Rome, alai ! 
Was tber no philosophre in al thy toun ? 
Is no time bet than other in swidie caa? 
Ofviage is thm- non electioun. 
Namely to folk of high condidoun, 
Nat whan a rote ii of a binli yknowe? 
Alas ! we ben to lewed, or to stow. 

To ship is brought this woful faiie maid 

Solempnely, with every circumstance : 

" Now Jeau Ciist be with you all," she said. 

"Tier n'is no more, but " Farewel, fair Custance." 

She peineih hire to make good countenance. 

And forth 1 let hire eayle in this manent, 

And tuTue 1 wol ogaine to my matere. 

And right anon ihe for her conseil aente, 
And they ben comen, to know what she mente, 
And whan onemhled was this folk in fere. 
She set hire doun, and sayd as ye shul here- 

*' Lordea," liie sayd, " ye koowen ererich on, 

How that my aone in point is for to lete 

The holy lawea of our Alkaron, 

Yeren l^ Goddea measager Mahomete : 

But on avow to grete God I hete, 

TSe lif shal rather out of m; body Xcrte, 

Than JUabometm Uwe out of myn berte. 

" What diuld us tlden of (his newe law 
But thraldom to our bodies and penano 
And afterward in helle to ben drawe, 
For WE tended Mahound our creauce 7 
But, lordes, wol ye maken assurance. 
As I ahal say, assenting to my lore? 
And I shal make us aau' ' 

Tliey Bworen, and aatented every man 
To live with hire and die, and by hire itimd : 
And eveiich on, in the best wise be can, 
To strengthen hire shal al his freodes fond- 
And she hatli this emprise ytalten in hotid. 
Which ;e shuU heren that I shal devise. 
And to hem all she apake right in this vise- 

" We shul fint ^ne as Cristendom to take ; 
Cold water sbal not greve us but a lite : 
And I shal swiche a feste and revel make. 
That, as 1 trow, 1 shal the Soudan quite. 
For tho his wif be criatened never so white. 
She ahal have nede to wash away the reds. 
Though ihe a font of water with hire lede." 

O Soudamicsae, role 'of iniquitee, 
Vingo thou Semyramee the seoHid, 
O serpent under Ihmininitee, 
like to the serpent depe in helle ybound : 
O feined woman, all that may ctHifound 
Vertue and innocence, thurgh thy malice 
Is bred in thee, as nest of every vice. 

O Satban enrious, sin ihilke day 
Tliat thou were cliaaed trtna our beritagge, 
Wei knowest thou to wonan the aide way. 
Hou niadeat Eva bring ua in servage. 
Thou wolt fbidofl thia criiten mariage : 
Thin instrument ao (wala wa the while !) 
Hakest thou of women wtian thou wolt begile. 

This Soudannesse, whom I thus blame and wariie. 

Let prively hire consdl gon hir way : 

What sliuld I in this tale longer tarie ? 

She rideth to Ihe Soudan on a day. 

And sayd him, that ihe wold reneie hire lay, 

And Cristendom of preetes bondea fong. 

Repenting hire she betben was ao long ; 

Beaecfaing him to don hire that honour, 
That she might ban the Cristen folk to feet ; 
" To pleaen hem I wol do my labour." 
The Soudan saith, ** 1 wol don at your best," 
And kneling, thanked hire of that request j 
So glad ha was, he n'iste not what to say. 
She kist hire sone, and home she goth hue way. 

Arrived ben these Cristen folk to lend 
In Surrie, with a giet solempne route. 
And hastily thia Soudan sent his sond. 
First to his mother, and all the regne abcule. 
And aajd, hia wif was comen out of doule. 
And praide hem for to riden again the quene. 
The honour of hia regno to sustene. 

Grel was the preaae, and riche was th' array 
Of Surriena and Romanes met in fere. 
Hie mother of the Soudan riche and gay 
llecBved hire with all so glad a cbere. 
As any mother might hire doughter den i 
And to the neile dtee ther bnddc I ^'Jl'^ 
A soAe pm solempnely they ride. 


I, thii wicked giM, 
for all hire ftittEriiig 
Chi aodcr tin* fUl inoittUf to tdng. 

Tbt Soudan cometli hin«lf sone after this 

8d TBtilj, that wonder ii [o tell ; 

And wekometfa hire with alle jojt and blu. 

And Ifaiu in mirtli uid joje 1 let hem dwelL 

Tbe tnut of this matEre ii that I telL 

Whan tine came, men thought it for the beat 

Hm terei stint, and men go to hir nat. 

The time come it, thii olde Sondanoaae 
Oidoiwd hath tbe &Me of which I tolde, 
Aod to tbe feste Ciiiten folk hem dmae 
In genoal, ja bolhe jonge and olde. 
Tia mar '°*^ f*^ >°d nsllEc bebolde, 
And dfinleea mo than I can you derlae. 
But all to den tfaej ijought it or tbej riaa. 

To world); blis, apivjnt is with bittemewe 
n* ende of tbe jofo of our worldly labour : 
Wb occupieth the fyn of our gUdnene. 
Hoken this conaeil for thy (jkemeHe : 
Vpno Ihy glade day bare in thy minde 
Ibe onwve WD of hazm, that camath b^nnda- 

Fvihoftly brtotellen at* word, 
"Dm Soudan and tbe Cnsten ererich on 
Bn all tu-bewe, and stiked at the bord. 
Bat it me only dame Cuatance alone. 
Has aide SoudaiUKiae, this nmed crone, 
" d> vitb hire rrendei don this cuned dede. 

For ihc hiitadf wold all the c 

e Soudan v 


IW of the conaeil of tfa 

llBt be n-ai all to-hewe 

AadCustance ban they taken anon loteJKit, 

And in a >hip all stereies ( God wot) 

Tbey han hire set, and bidden ture lenw sayle 

Ont of Sunie againward to Ilaille. 

& CBtain traor thnt she thither ladde, 

Aad Mth to aayn, vitaille grel plentee, 

IWy han hire yeren, and clothes eke *be badde, 

Aad bnfa ibe sayletb in the lalte see : 

ay Curtancc, full of benignitee, 

tonperourea yooge doughtur dere, 

Ht ihM is lord of fntune be thy Mere. 

B> H ^rt h hiie, and with ful pitoui tois 
I!i^ tbe cnw of Crist thus sayde ibe. 
" cftre, o weleflil auler, holy crois, 
Btd of tbe lambes blood ftil of pitee, 
Tbn wnh Ibe world fm the old iniquitee, 
Ut fte the (ende, and fro his clawea kepe, 
llac imy that I ahal drenchen in the dcpe. 

1^ inly woMhy were for to here 
^ Uig of heren, with his woundes n 
IV «Ut« lamb, that hurt was with a s 
^liBa of dndei, out of him and here 
^ wbidi thy limmei faithfully extendi 
« ^w, and yere me might my lif to 

Yens and dayea fiaet thii o w t u w 
Thurghout the aaa of Otm*, unto tb« atiBila 
Of Uarac, aa it was hire BTontarc : 
On many a lory mele now may she baite, 
AJtet hire deth ful often m« ibe waita. 
Or that tbe wilde wares wol hire drive 
Unto the place ther as she shal arire. 

Men migbteo atken, why >ba wm not ilain ? 
Eke at Sie fests wbo mi^tt hire body late? 
And 1 antwer to that dnnand again. 
Who saved Daniel in the Itorribla caTe, 
Ther every wight, save ha, master or knave, 
Wu with the leon frette, or he Mterte ? 
No wight but God, that be ban in his bote. 

God list to shew his wonderful minde 

In hire, for we ahuld seen his nugfaty werkei ; 

Crist, iriuch that is to every harm triacl^ 

By certain menei (rfl, as knowen clerkea, 

Dotta thing for certain ende, that ful dark* is 

To mannea wit, that fol 

Ne can nat know bis [v 

Now nth dia ww not at the fsste yikwe. 

Who kepte hire fro the drenching in tbe aae 7 

Who kepte Jonu in tbe fishes mawe. 

Til he was (pouted up at Hinivee 7 

Wei may men know, it was no wight but hs 

That kept the peple Ebraike tto drenching. 

With drya het thurghout the see pasuig. 

Who bade tbe firore ipirita of temptM, 
That power ban to anoyen lond and see. 
Both north and south, and also west and aat, 

Sotbly the commander of that was be 
That fto tbe tempest ay thii woman kepte. 
As wel wban abe awoke aa wban ibe elepte. 

Wber might this woman mats and drinke have ? 
Three yere and more, bow laMeth hire vitaille ? 
Who fed the Egyptian Mwy in the cave 
Or in desert? no wight but Ctat ibtu faUll. 
Five thousand folk it was as gret marvailla 
Wtb love* five and flsbe* two to fede : 
God tent his fbyson at hire gteta nede. 

3he driveth forth into our ocean 
Thurghout our wide see, til at the last 
Under an bold, that nempnen I nc can, 
Fer in Nortbumbeilond, tbe wave hire cast. 
And in tbe sand bite ship stiked so ftst. 
That thoines wolde it not in all a tide : 
The wille of CiiM was that ibs shulde alxde. 

'Dte constable of the caatle doun is tare 

To seen this wrccke, and al the ship lie soughtt 

And fond this wery woman full of care ; 

He fond also the tresour that she brought i 

In hire langage mercy she besought, 

The lif out of hire body for to twinne. 

Hire to deliver of wo IliM tbe was inne. 

But algale theiby was she undintond. 
The constable, whan him list no lenger eecbe. 
This wofal woman brought he to the lend. 
She kneleth doun, and tfaanketh Goddes sand; 
But what riie was, she wtddc no man seye 
For foule ue blie, though that abe thukU deye. 

She uid, iha ns so mued in the tee. 
That ihg forgste hire minde, b; hire troulh. 
Tbe coniUble bath of hire bo gret pitce 
And eke his wif, tiut they wepen for routh '. 
She was >a diligent withouten sloulb 
To Bene uid plnen everich in that place, 
That all hire love, that loken in hire bee. 

The conitable and dame Hennegild hii wif 
Were pajrenea. and that contree eTer; wber ; 
But Henuegild laved distance as liire Iff; 
And Cuatance liath so long sojourned ther 
la orisons, with many a bitter tere, 
111 Jeiu hath conTcned thurgh lus grare 
Dame Hermegild, cousUbleue of that place. 

In all that lond no CriMen dorste route ; 
All Cristen folk ben Bed ^ that cnotree 
Thurgh pajenes, that cooqueredan all aboDte 
Tbe plages of the Docth b; lond and aae. 
To Wales Bed the Criatiaiutee 
Of olde Bretons, dwelling in thit lie ; 
Ther was hir refuge for the mene while. 

But ;et n'ere Cristea Bretons to eiUed, 

Hut ther n'ere som which in hir priiitee 

Honoured Crist, and hethen folk begiled ; 

And neigh the ctnle swiche ther dwelten three : 

That on of licm was blind, and might not see. 

But it were with thiike e;en of hiB minde, 

With which men moiren ace whan tbef ben blinde. 

Bright was tbe tonne, as in thai soniiiMn day. 

For which tbe conitahle and his wif also 

And Custance, ban ylake the righte way 

Toward the see, a furlong way or two. 

To plaien, and to romea to and fro ; 

And in hir walk this blinde man the; mette, 

Croked and olde, with eyen fast yihMte. 

" In the nune of Crisl," cried this blinde Bretmi, 

" Dame Hermegild, yCTe me my ^ht again. " 

This lady wexe aAaied of that bouo. 

Lest that hire husbond, shortly for to Bain, 

Wold hire for Jeau Crtstes love have slain, 

111 Custance made lure bold, and bad hire wercbe 

The will of Crist, as doughter of holy cberche. 

The constable weie abashed of that ^ght. 
And sayde ; " What amounteth all this fare ?" 
Custance antwered ; " ^re, it is Cristes might, 
Tbmt helpeth folk out of the fendes BUore i " 
And so feiforlh she gon our lay declare, 
That dw tbe onutabl^ er that it irere eve, 
CoDveited, and on Ciut made turn beler*. 

TUa constable was not lord (rf the place 
Of which I qteks, Ibar aa be Cuatance fond, 
But kept it strongly many a winter ^Mce, 
Under Alia, king of Northumberlond, 
That was ful wise, and worthy of his bond 
Againe the Scotlea, at men tnay wel here ; 
But toutne I wol againe to my matere. 

Sathan, that erer us waiteth to begile. 

Saw of Custance all hire perfeclioun. 

And cast anon how be might quite hire wile. 

And made a yonge knight, that dwelt in that toun, 

Love hire so bote of fbule afiectioun. 

That veiaily him thought that he thuld BpJUe, 

But be of hire might ouei ban hit wille. 

He woeth hire, but it araileth nought. 

She wolde do no sinne by no wey ; 

And for despit, he compassed bin thought 

To maken hire on shameful deth to dey. 

He WHLietb whan the constable is away. 

And prively upon a night he crepte 

In Bermcgildes cbam^ while she slepta. 

And cut thelhrote of Herm^de atvni, 
Aud tayd tbe Uody knif by Dsme CusUnce, 
And went hit way, ther Gijd yeve bun m i sch a nc e. 

Sone aAer comelh this constable home again. 

And eke Alia, that king was of thai lond. 

And aaw his wife despitously yslain, 

For which ful oft he wept and wrong Ms bond ; 

And in the bed the blody knif be fond 

By dame CuMance, alas ! what might the aay ? 

For Teray wo hire wit waa all away. 

To king Alia was told all this mischance. 
And eke the time, and wber, and in what wii^ 
That in a ship was fonden this Custance, 
As here before ye ban herd me devise : 
The kinges herte of |Htee gan agrise. 
Whan be saw so beiugne ■ 
Falle in dlssse and ir ~ " 

For as the lamb toward his detb is brought. 
So stani this innocent befom the king : 
IluE false knight, that hath this ataon wroughli 
Bereth hire in bond that she hath don tins thing : 
But natheles ther was gret murmuring 
Among the peple, and sayn they cannot gesae 
That she had don ao gret a wickedneaie. 

For they ban seen hire ever so vertuous. 
And loving Hennegitd right as lure Uf t 
Of this bore witnease everich in that bous. 
Save he that Hetmegild alow with his knif: 
This gentil king hath caught a gret motif 
or this witness, and thought he wold enquere 
Deper in this cas, trouthe tor to lere. 

Alas ! Custance, thou hast no champion, 
Ne fighten const thou not, so wala wa ! 
But he that storf for our redemption, 
And bond Sathan, and yet Uth ther be lay, 
So be thy stronge champion this day : 
For but if Crist on thee miracle kithe, 
Wilbmiten gill thou ahalt be tloine as swiCbe. 

She set hire doun ou knees, and thus she sayde ; 
" Immortal God, that savedest Susanne 
Fro &lse blame, and thou merciful mayde^ 
Mary I mene, doughter to seint Anne, 
Befom wboa child angels singen Osaiuie, 
If I be gilteles of this felonie. 
My aocouT be, or ellea dad I die." 

Have ye not seen somtime a pale fiue 
(Among a preei) of liim that halh been lad 
Toward his deth, whcr at he geleth no grace, 
And swicbe a colour in his face hath hod. 
Men migbtcn know him that was to beslad, 
Amongcs all the faces in that route. 
So stant Custance, and lokelh hire aboutc. 


O qataa UTing in proiparitee, 
OutAaaea, and je laditis ererich i 
Hsreth Biiii routhe on hire adven 

Sbe iMth no wight to wbom to nuke hire mone ; 
O blood iebI, Ih^ itondist in thia dre^, 
Fd ben tl^ 6enda in tb^ grete nede. 

TIbi AUa kiog hath 4wid>e compuBOun, 

A( gBitil beRais rulGUud of pitee, 

Thai fin hii eyea ran the wateT doun. 

" Now hutily do fecche ■ booli," quod he ; 

" And if this knight wol iwaen, how that she 

Thk wmnan elov, jet wol we ua ^Tiset 

Whom that we wol that shai ben our justice.*^ 

A Breton book, written with Enngilet, 
Wai fet, and on tfaii book be awoie anon 
Ok ^Itif was, and in tls mene whilei 
An hood him nnote upon tlie nebke bone. 
Thai doun he fell M ones ai a atooe : 
And both his ejren Ihym out of hia iiice 
In ti^it of trerj bodf in that place. 

A nxi was herd, in general audience, 

TIM mjd ; " Tbou haic dcscUndered gillelM 

Ibe daoKfater of bol; chirche in high prt«ence ; 

Tbio has* tbou don, and ;et bold I my peea. " 

Of tins mervaille agaEt waa all the pneBr 

Aa iiiaaiil folk they atoiiden ererich on 

For dndc of wredie, aave Custance alone. 

Grct wa* the dnde and eke the repentance 
Of faeni that hadden wronge auapeclim 
(TpoD this (d; innaccnt Cuatanoe ; 
And IfM- thia nuiactai in conduaian. 
And bj CuManoea nudiatioD, 
The king, and man; anotber in that plac^ 
Coanstad was, tfaaidud be Ctialea grace. 

Has fiUae kni^it was alam for bis nntrouthe 

Bj jugement of A lis hastily ; 

And jet distance had of hia deth giet routhe; 

And after tUa Jnus of hia mercy 

Ha^ Alia wedden full aolempnely 

Una holy woman, that is so bright and abene. 

And thua halli Ciiat ymade Custance a quene. 

Bat wbo was wofiil (if 1 sbal not lie) 

or this wedding but Donegild and no mo. 

The kingvs moth^, ful of tjrannie ? 

He list not of Ibe chaf ne of the stre 

Makaai so knig a tale, as of Ibe corn. 

Wliat Aulik I tellen of the reiltee 

Of thia manage, or which coun gotfa befom. 

Who bloireth in a tnnnpc or in an boni ? 

He frait of erery tale is fer lo say ; 

They eta and drinke, and dance, and aing, and play. 

They gon to bed, la it 

Ta talk dial ban ywedded bem with ringes. 
And lay a lite hir bolineaic aside 
At te the time, it may no bet belid*. 

On hire be gst a kiUTe cfailde anon, 

And to a bishop, and hia conatable eke 

He toke fais wif to kepe, when he ia gon 

To Scotland ward, his fomen for to svke. 

Now fsire Custance, that it so humble and mek^ 

So lone is gon with childe til that still 

She hdt h^ cbambre, aUding Cilstea will. 

The time is come, a knSTe cUld the here ; 

Mauridus St the fbntitone tiiey him call*. 

This conituble doth forth come ■ mesasger, 

And wrote unto hia king thsl cleped was Alle, 

Uow that this bliaful tiding ia belUle, 

And other tidinga spedefui for to asy. 

He bath the lettre, and forth be gotfa liia way. 

This messager, to don hia aTantsge, 

Uato the kinges mother rideth tirithe, 

And ulueth hire ful &ire in his Isngage. 

" Msdsme," quod be, " ye may be glad snd blithe, 

And thsnken God an hundred thousand sithe ; 

My lady quene hath child, withouten doutc, 

Tojoyeandblisseof all this regne sboute. 

" I.O here the lettre seled of this thing, 
That I most here in all the liast I may : 
If ye wol ought unto your sone the king, 
I am your serrant bollie night snd day." 
Donegjlde answered, " As now at this time naj ; 
But here I wol all night thou take thy reat, 
To-morwe wol I My thee wimx me lest." 

This messager drank sadly ale and wine. 
And Ktolen were bis lettres prively 
Out of Ilia boi, while be slept u a awine ; 
And contrefeted was ful subEilly 
Another lettre, wrought ful ainfully. 
Unto the king directe of this matere 
Fro hia consttble, as ye abat alter here. 

This lettre spake, the quene delivered was 
Of so horrible a fbidL'cbe creature. 
That in the castle ooa to hsrdy was 
That any while donte therein endure : 
The mother waa an eife by arenture 
Ycome, by channea or by soicerie. 
And eveiich man baleth hire comp^nie. 

Wo waa thia king whan he tliis lettre had sein. 
But to no wight he told Ins sorwee sore. 
But of his owes hand he wrote sgain ; 
'• Welcome tbe sonde of Crist for cTermore 
To me, that am now lemed in hia lore : 
Lord, welcome be thy Inst and thy pUaance, 
My luBt I put all in thyn mdinsnca. 

" Kepeth this child, al be it foule or &ire. 
And eke my wif, unto min home coming ; 
Crist whan him list may aenden me an h^re. 
More agreabte than this to my liking." 
Thia lettre he seled, priTcly weping. 
Which to the messager was taken (one. 
And forth he goth, ther is no more to done, 

O meassger, fulfilled of dronkennesse, 
Strang is thy breth, thy limmes bllren ay. 
And thou bewreiesi 

Thy face ii tmimed in a new array ; 
Ther dronkenesse regnetfa in any route, 
Ther ia no consail hid withouten doute. 

30 CH. 

O Donepld, I ne ban dod Engluh djgnc 

Unto thy nuilice, toA thy tinnnle: 

And theifore to the teade I tbcs roigiie. 

Let bim mditen ot tby tnitorie. 

Py munniih. fy ; o nay by God 1 lia ; 

Fy fendliclie spirit, for I due wel telle, 

Thaugh tbou here wolke, thy ^iiit ii in b«lle. 

"niis mnatgiai cometh &o tbe king again. 
And M the kinges modieB court he light. 
And ahe wai of this mewager ful fkyn. 
And plesed him in all that ever she might. 
He dranke, and wel hii girdel underpight j 
He alepelb, and he snoreih in his gise 
AU lught, until the sonne gan ariae. 

Eft veie hia letCre* stolen evericb on. 
And contiefeled letms in thia wise. 
The king conunandcd his constable aoou 
Up peine of banging and of high jewise, 
That he ne shulde soflien in no viae 
Ctutance within his regne for to abide 
Three dales, and a quarter of a tide ; 

But in the some ship at he hire fond, 
Hire and hire yonge soiie, and all hire gere 
Ha shulde put, and croude hire fro tbe land, 
And charge hire, that she nerer eft come there. 
O my Custance, wel may thy gboat haie (en. 
And sleping in thy dreme ben in penance, 
Whan Donegild oM all thii ordinance. 

This mesnger on morwe whan he awoke, 

Utito tbe CBBtel halt the neile way ; 

And to the constable be tbe leCtre toke ; 

And whan chat he this pitous lettre ley, 

Ful oft he sayd " Alas, and wala wa ; fdun 

Lord Crist," quod he, " how may this woild ei 

So ful of liuue i* many a creature. 

" O mighty God, if that it be tby will. 
Sin thou art rightful juge, bow may it be 
That thou wolt soSren innocence to spill. 
And wicked folk r^ne in proaperitee? 
A 1 good CuMaocs, alas ! so wo is me. 
That I mote be thy turmentour, or dey 
On ihamei delb, ther is non other wey." 

Wepen both youg and old In al that places 
Whan that tbe king thia cuned lettie sent ; 
And Custance with a dedly pale fkce 
Tbe fburttie day toward tbe ship she went : 
But natheleg she taketh in good entent 
Tbe will 1^ Crist, and kneluig on the stnmd 
She sajde, '■ Loid, ay weleooie be tby eond. 

■' He that me kepte fro the fU*e blame. 
While I waa in titr loud amaoget you. 
He can me kqM fro hanue and eke fn> shame 
In the salt see, although I ae not bow : 

Hire litel child lay weping in hire aim. 

And knding pitously to him she said, 

" Fees, litel sone, I wol do thee no barm : " 

With that hire couierchief of hire bed the braid. 

And over hi* litd eyen she it laid. 

And in hire arme ib« lulleth it ful fiut. 

And into the bcveo hit* eyen up *b« nW. 

nd majdcB bri^t Maii^ 

Mankind was lome, and damned ay to die. 
Fur which tby cZiild was on a croii yient : 
Thy blisflil eyen saw all his tuimeot. 
Than is ther no comparison betwene 
Thy wo, and any wo man ma; suatoie. 

" Thou saw thy child yalain before thin eyen. 
And yet now liveth my litel child par&y; 
Now, lady bright, to whom all woful crian. 
Thou glory of womanhed. tbou bire May, 
Tbou baien of refute, bright stetie of day. 
Hew on my child, that of thy gentiUeaae 
Aewest on every rewful in distreaM. 

" O litel child, alas I what is thy gilt, 
Tliat nerer wroughtesl sinne aa yet parde ? 
Why wol thin bank &tber hare tb«e quit? 


Therwith she loketh backwai^ to the lond. 
And saide ; " Farewel, bouabond routheles ! 
And up she rist. and walketb doun (he ttnmd 
Toward tbe ship, hire folowetb all tbe preea : 
And ever she praieth hire child to hold his pee*^ 
And taketh hire leve, end with an holy entent 
She bleeseth hire, aod into tbe ship ^^ weot^ 

Vitailled wa* the ship, it ia no dredo, 
Habundanlly for hire a fUl long space : 
And other Decessariea that shuU nede 
She had ynow, heiied be Goddea grace ; 
For wind and wether, Almighty God 
And bring hire home, I can no beCIer _j 
But in the see she driveth ibrth hire vray. 

Alia the king oometh borne sone after th 

Unto his cBsiel, of the which I ttdd. 
And asketh wher his wif and his child is 

And plainly i 

As ye ban herd, I can tell it no better, 

And shewed tbe king his <ete and hia letter ; 

And sayde ; " I.ocd, aa ya commanded me 
Up pone (^ deth, so have I don certain." 
This mesaaget tunnented was, til be 
Moste beknowe, and tellen plat and plain. 
Fro night to niKbt in what place be had lain ■. 
And thus by wit and subtil enquering 
Imagined waa by whom this harm gan qning. 

Hie hand was knowen that the-leore wrote. 

And all the venuoe of this cuned dede ; 

But in what wiae, cotainly I n'ot 

The effect it this, that AUa out of drede 

His moder slew, that moun men plainly nAt, 

For that she traitour waa to hire ligeance : 

Thus endeth thia old Donegild with meachance. 

The aorwe that this Alia night and day 
Makelh for hia wif and for hia child alao, 
Ther ig no tonge that it tellen may. 
But now wol I agen to Custance go. 
That fleleth in tbe see in peine and wo 
FlTe yere and more, at liked Crittn sonde, 
Or that hire aUp approched to the loodc. 


Undar an bctben fWtl u the Um, 

(Of wliich tiw Duue in m; text I DM Odd) 

CuEtBDce and de bin clulfl the amt up cavU 

Almightf God, that nved oil mankind, 

Have OD Ciutauoe and on hire child acini mind. 

That fijleu is in hetben bond eftaone 

In point Id apill, aa I ihal t^ you toaa, 

Ooan fro tbc c«td cometb llier manf a wi^C 

To gauren on this ship, and on CuMance : 

But tbottlf fro the castel on a night 

The lordes atewant (God yen b' 

A tbacf, that had mwjed our ci 

Came into the ihip aJone, and aaid, he wolde 

Hire lemnian be, ithetbtr abe wolde or a'olde. 

Wa waa tfaia wretched woman tbo b^oo. 

Hire childe cried, and ihe died pituuily : 

But bliafiil Mary halpe hire right anon, 

For with hire Mmgling vel and mightily 

The theef fell o>er bord al lodenly, 

And in the see he drenched for vengeance. 

And tlnia hath Criit unwemmed kept Cuatance. 

O fonle luat of luxurie, la thin ende, 
Nal only that thou fojnlest muuiea mind. 
But Temily thou wait his body thende. 
1h' ende of tby wcrk, or of thy luitei blind. 

That not for werk wmtime, but for di' entent 
To doo thii ainne, ben other ilain or ibent. 

n ban tlw urength 

Haw msy thn 

Hire to (fefeni 

O Gotias, UDineaurable of lengdi. 

Haw mi^Ue D*Tid maken thee » mate ? 

Sa yoi^, and ofannure to desolate, 

How d«t be loke upon thy dndfii] Ace! 

Wd mn men aeeii it was but Goddet grace. 

So leat he might and Tigour to CuEtanoe. 

Fordi goth hire ship tburghout the narwe moath 
Of Juballere and Septe, drinng alway, 
Somliiije weit, and lomtinie north and south. 
And aoiiltinie eat, ful many a wery day : 
TD Ciiirte* moder (blened be she ay) 
Hath ahapen thurgh hire endelea goodneaae 
To make an end of all hire herineaae. 

Now let ns atiiit of Cuatance but a throw. 
And speke we of the Romaiie emperour, 
llirt out of Sunie bath In Itttrca knowe 

liatai folk, and diibonour 

lath tent anoD 

. r, with nal ordinance, 

And other Itndea, God wole, many on. 

On Surriena to taken high vengeance ; 

lliey brennen, aleen, and bring hem to meschance 

Fol many a day : but ifaoitly thia ia th' ende, 

Hoanraid to Borne they shi^en bem lo wende. 

Thii tenatout repaired with Tictoria 

To Rome ward, aayling ful really. 

And met the ihip driniig, as aaith the Horie, 

In which Cuatence HUeth fill pitoualy : 

Notbing ne knew be what she was, ne why 

She was in swiche array, ne she will «ey 

Of hire eatat, though that she ataulde dey. 

He bringeth hire to Borne, and to bis wif 

He yaf hire, and hire yonge sane also : 
And with the senatour <ihe lad hire Uf* 
Thus can our lady bringen out of wo 
Woful Cuatance, and many another mo : 
And longe time dwelled she in that place. 
In holy werkes ever, aa waa bin gmce. 

The senaUiures wif hira aunta was* 

But for oil that she knew bira never the moie; 

I wol no longer (alien in this cai. 

But to king AUa, which 1 spake of yore. 

That for his vrif vrepeth and sjketh sore, 

I wol retume, and let I wol Cuatance 

Under the seaatoures gwreraanc^ 

King A Ua, which that bad bia moder slain. 

Upon a day fell in swiche repenlance. 

That if I shortly tellen sbal and plain. 

To Rome he cometb to recare his penanc^ 

And putte him in the popea ordinance 

In Ugh and low, and jeau Crist besought 

Foryeve bis wicked werkes that be had wrought. 

The fame anon thurgfaout Ihe louD ia bora. 

How Alia king ibal come on pilgtimage. 
By beibageoun that wenten him beforn. 

Rode him ^aine, and nuny of bis linue. 
As we] to shewen his high magnificence, 

Gret Chen doth this noble senatour 
To king Alia, and he to him also ; 
Everich of bem doth other gret honour ; 
And so befell, that in a day or two 
This senatour ii to king Alia go 
To feat, and shortly, if I shal not lie, 
Cuatances sane went in his 

ScHD men wuld sain at n 

This senatour hath lad t) 

1 may not tellen every d 

Be as be may, tber waa he at toe lone : 

But Both is this, that at his mothers beste 

Befom Alia, during the metes space. 

The diUd stood, loking in the kingea face. 

This Alia king hatb of this child gret wonder. 

And to tbe senatour he uid anon, 

" WhoB is that faire child that slondeth yonder?" 

" I n'ot," quod he, " by God and by 8<ant Jtdia ^ 

A moder he hath, but Rsder lutb be noo, 

Tliat I of wote : " but shortly in a stound 

He told AUa bow that this child waa found, 

'* But God wot," quod this aenatour also, 

" 80 Tertuous a liver in all my Uf 

Ne saw I never, as she, ne bod of mo 

Of worldly woman, maiden, widevre or wif: 

I dare welsayn hire hadde lever a knif 

Thunbout hire brest, than ben ■ woman wikke, 

Tber la no man coudc bring bite to that prikke." 

sa en 

Now «u thit cbild m lika unto Ciutanca 
Ai poaiibU IB ■ cremture to be i 
This Alia huh the Ikce in remembnnca 
Of dame Cusouice, and tlwion miued be, 
ir that the chitdes moder wbiire augbt the 
Thai U bis *ir, and prirdj be ligbte. 
And fed him fro tbc table that be mighte. 

■' Parby," thought be, " bntome ia in min bed. 

I ought to deme of ikiUiil jngement, 

Hiat in the nlte see my wif is ded." 

And afterward he made his argument ; 

" What wot I, ir that Crist have hider MM 

My wif by see, aa wel as he hire lent 

To my contree, Aro thennea that ibe went?" 

And after noon borne with the senalour 
Goth Alia, for to see this wonder chance. 
This seoatour doth Alia gret honour, 
Ai)d lustily he sent after Cuitance : 
But tnuteth wcl, hire luite not to dance. 
TnwD that ibe wiMe wberfore was that fonde, 
Unnelhe upon hire ieet die mighte Monde. 

Whan Alia saw his wif, fure he hire grette. 
And wept, that it was muthe fbr to see. 
For at the Ante look be on hite sette 
He knew wel veraily that it was she : 

Twies she swouneth in bis owen sight. 
He wepeth and him eicuseth pitously : 
^' Now God," quod he, " and all his halves bright 
So willy on my soule as hare mercy. 
That of yoore banne as gilteles am I, 
As ie Maurice my sone, so like your bee, 
EUes the Had me fetcbe out of this place." 

Long was the sobbing and the letter pein% 
Or that hir woful bertes mighten ceie, 
Giet was the pitee for to bete bem pldne, 
Tburgh whiche pteinta gan bir wo encrese. 
I pray you all my labour to relcse, 
I may not tell hir wo until to-morwe, 
1 am M> wary for to speke of sorwe. 

But finely, wban that the soth is wist. 
That Alia gilteles was of hire wo, 
I trow an hundred times ban they kist. 
And iwiche a blisse is ther belwii hem two. 
That Mve tbe joye tbat laslcth eiermo, 
llierian ■•' ■ 


tbejoye tbat 1 
n Ifte, that ai 

M the world ni 

Tbo praied she hire husband mrkely 
In rcleef of hire longe pitoui [une, 
Tbat be wold pny Ur bder specially. 
That of lui mageatee he wold encline 
To voncheaauf sam day with him to dine : 
She pmied bim eke, be shulde by do way 
Unto hire (kder bo word of biie say. 

To him that is so soveraine of honour. 
As he that is of Cristen folk the flour. 
Send any child, but it is bet to deme 

This onperour hath gnuted gendlly. 

To come to dinner, as he him besoughtc : 

And wel lede I, he loked bedly 

Upon this child, and on his daughter thou^it. 

Alia goth to his inne, and as him ought 

Armied for this feate in every wise, 

Aa ferforth ai his conning may suffice. 

lite morwe came, and Alia gan bim drene, 
And eke hia wif, this emperour to mete : 
And forth they ride in joye and in gladnesae , 
And whan she saw hire fader in the stiete. 
She light adoun and talleth him to fete. 
" Fader," quod she, " your yonge child Cualuice 
la now All clene out Ot your remembnncc 

" I am your dooghter, your Cuitanee," quod ifa^ 
" That whilom ye ban tent into Sunie ; 
It am I, bder, that in the aalte see 
Was put akme, and dampned for to die. 
Now, goode fiwler, I you n 

But tbanketb mj lord hi 

Who can the intoua joye tellen all 

Betwii bem thre, an they ben tbui ymette? 

But of my tale moke an eode I aball. 

The day goth fast, I wol no longer lette, 

lliise gli^ folk to dinner ben ysettr. 

In joye and blisse at mete I let bem dwell, 

A tfaounnd fcdd wel mom than I can tell. 

His child Maurice was dthen empeniur 

Made by the pope, and lived Cristenly, 

To Criatea cMrche did he gret honour : 

But I let all hia storie paisen by, 

Of Custance ia my tale specially, 

In (he olde R«mane geates men may find 

Mauiicea lif, I here it not in niind. 

lUs king Alia, whan be his time aey. 
With hia Custance, hi* holy wif ao aweta^ 
To Englond ben they come the rights w«y, 
Ther aa tb^ live in joye and In quiele. 
But litel while it lasletb I you hel^ 
Joye of thia wotM for time wol not aUdc^ 
Fill day to aight it cbangctb aa the tide. 

Who lived ever in swicbe delight o day. 
That him ne meved other conscience. 
Or iie, or talent, or aom kin afllny, 
Envie, or pride, or pesoon, or oSence ? 
I ne say but for this end this sentence. 
That lild while in joye or In pleaance 
L^teth the blisK of Alia with Custance. 

For Deth, that taketh of hie and low Ma rente. 
Whan paaaed was a yere, even as I gease. 
Out of this world tlua king Alia he bente. 
For whom Custance hath ful giet hevinesse. 
Now let us praien God hia aoule blesoe i 
And dame Custance, finally to say, 
Towaid the toun of Rome goth hire way. 

To Rome is cotne (his holy neatnre. 

And flndeth ther hire frendes bole and aound : 

Now ia ahe acaped all hire aventure ; 

And wban that ahe hire fader bath yfound. 


In Totue sih) id holy iifaneaM dcde 
"nej liTen idle, and nerer ■landar weode ; 
13 detfa deputed ban, Oaa UTtfw; lede: 
And bnib DOW wel, mj talc is at an cndc 
Now Jesu CriM, that of his might may (ende 
/oje after wo, gorerne ui ia Mb grace, 
Aadkepe m alle that ben hi tUs plac*. 


Tna s right at the w«t ade of [tailla 

Dann at llw rate of Vnulua the ndd, 

A lust} plain, habuudant (tf ritaiUe, 

*IhtT manj a toon and tour thou maist bdM^dt 

TliBi founded ware in tiiae of btben old. 

And maiiT anotber delitable sighle, 

And Salucea thii noble amine higfata. 

A maiUi whilom lord wai of that land. 
As wrre his wixifaj dden bim before. 
And obeynnt, aj redj to his hood. 
Woe all his li^es, botbe lesK and mon : 
Tlua in dclit be livelh, and huh don jcae, 
Bdond and drad, tburgfa &Tour of fortune. 
Both of hislonka,aadof hi* oaminuiie. 

Hietwith be was, to spcken of linage. 
The gentileit jbamt of Lumbardie, 
A G)Ue pcTvm, and itiong, and Jong of age, 
AmA fal of honour and of curtcaie : 
DBcret jnougb. bii coatiee for to gie, 
&uf in Mm thingeg that he was to blame, 
And Walts' was this fonge lordes nam^ 

1 blame him thus, dut be considered nougfat 
Id time coiniog what migbt bim betide. 
But on bis hist yiuseiit was all hii thought. 
And fiv to hauke and bunt on every nde : 
Vel nogfa all otho' cures let he slide, 
And tke ltcn'old(and that was worst of all) 
Wcdden no wif for ought that might befalL 

Ontj that p«nt his peple bare so loie, 
Tliat flockmcJ as a dtij to bim they went, 
And oo of hem, that wtaeat was of lore, 
(Or elles that the loid wold best astent 
mat be ahnid tell hint what the peple ment, 
<V rilea cnud be wd shew iwicfae malere) 
He to the markis said as ye shuU bere- 

" O noble markis, your bumanitee 
Assnreth u« and yereth us hardinesse. 
As oA aa time is of necessitee, 
Hiat we to you mow lell our bevinesse : 
Aceeptetb, lord, than of your gentillesse, 
Tlast we with pitoos hata unto you ptaine. 
And let jonr eres nat my vols diadaine. 

" Al bnve I not to don in this matere 
More thna ■■*«*>'*^ man bath in this pl^css 
Tet tar aa moch SB ye, my lord so doe, 
Bbi alwsy ibewed me ^our and giaoei 
m j„_ .•._ 1^.— -lieof youa^iBce 

Awl J*, my lonl, to dm right n yoo ba. 

" Pot cartes, lord, id wel u« llEeth you 

And oil your werke, and e*er ha*e don, that w 

Ne couden not ounelf derisen how 

We mighlen Ure in more felicitee : 

8aTe o thing, lord, if it your wille be, 

That for to be a wedded man you lest, 

Huui were your peple in sorenin hertes leA 

■' Bowetb your ttekks under the blisful yok 

Which that men clepen spoutaile or wedlok : 
And thinketh, lord, among your thougbtcs wii^ 
How that our dayes paste in londry wise i 
For though we slepa, or wake, or rome, or ridi^ 

" And though your giene yaudie floure as yet. 

In crepeth age alway as still as ston, 

And detta manasatb ercry «ge, and smit 

In edie estu, for tber taapelh non : 

And al so certaioi as we knowe eche on 

That we shut die, as uncertain we all 

Ben of that day whan detfa dial on us ftll. 

" Aceeptetb than of us the trewe entent, 
That neter yet refuseden your heat, 
And we wol, lord, if that ye wol a»ent, 
Chese you a wife in short time at the mes^ 
Borne of the g«itillest and of the best 
or all d& lond, so that it oughte seme 
Honour to God and you, aa wc can dema. 

" Deliver us out of all diis beay drede. 

And take a wif, for highe Coddes sake : 

For if it so befell, aa God forbede, 

That Ihurgh your deth youi linage shulde slake, 

And dut a strange successour shuld take 

Your heritage, o ! wo were us on live : 

WhEiibre we pray you haitfly to wive." 

Hir meke praiere and hir pitous chere 

Msde the markis for to ban pitee. 

" Ye wol," quod he, " min owen peple dert^ 

To that I never er thought nuutrainen me. 

I me rejoyced of my bbertee, 

Than seldeo time is found in manage ; 

Ther I was fiee, I moate b«i in serraga 

'■ But natheles I see your trewe entent, 
And tmit upon your wit, and have don ay ; 
Wherfore of my free vrill I wol assent 
To wedilen me, as sone as ever I may. 
But tber ss ye bui profred me lo-day 
To chesen me a wif, 1 you relcse 
That cboii, and pray you of that prefer ceee. 

" For God it wot, that children often ben 
Unlike hir worthy eldrei hem before, 
Bountee comech ai of God, not of the siren 
Of which they ben ygendred and ybore : 
I trust in Goddes bountee, and therfore 
My maiiage, and min estat, and test 
I him bet^e, be may don as him lest. 

" Let me atone in chesiiig of my wif, 
llut charge upon my bak I wol endure ; 
But I you pray, and charge upiHi your Ut, 
That what wif that I take, ye me Msure 
To worship hire while that hire [if may dure. 
In word and weHi both here and elles where. 
As she an emperoiuea doughter were. 

" And forthennore thia ihu]n yo anere, that ye 
Again my cbiui sfaul never gnitch ne strive. 
"" "'' ' hsl forgo my liliertee 

And but je irol m,,^,,^ 
I pray yua spelie no n 

'With hertly will they swomi and sssenlcD 
To all this thing, ther uide not o wight nay : 

Basechiog him of gnce, or that tbcy wenten. 
That he wold gninten hem a certain day 

He gnnted bem a day. Bwidie oa him lot, 
Oo which be wold be wedded sjlierly. 
And «aid he did all thia at hir request ; 
And they with humble Iwrte ful huiumly 
Kneling upon hir hneeft fill reverently 
Him thonkcn all, and thus they ban an end 
Of hir entente, and home agen they wen^ 

ja offlceres 

And hereupon ne to ma omceres 
Commandeth for the feite to purray. 
A ,*A •« ujj privee knigfates and a^iii/' 

Swiche chai^ lie yave, aa him liit on 1 
And they, to hia commandement obey. 
And eche of hem doth ai bis diligence 

list on bem lay : 

the teste al reverence. 

NouaUT fer fro thiike palcis honourable, 
AVber as this markis shope bis manage, 
Ther stood a thorpc, of aighte delitahle. 
In whicli that poure foHi of that village 
Hadden hir bestes and hir herbergage, 
And of hir labour take hir sustenance, 
Af^ that the erthe yave bem habundance. 

Among this poure folk ther dwdt a man, 
Wliich tliat was holden poureat of bem all i 
Itut bighe God aonitime senden can 
His grace unto a lltel oiea stall ; 
Janieula men of that tborpe him calL 
A douginer bad he, faire ynough to sigh^ 
And Grinldis Ihia yonge maiden hjgbt. 

But for to speke of vertuoua bcouter, 
Than was ahe on the fairest under ranne : 
Ful pourely yfoatred up was she : 
No likerous lust was in hire herte yronne ; 
Wei ofter of the well than of Hie tonne 
She dranke, and for ahe wolde vertue pluse. 
She knew wel labour, but nan idel ese. 

But though this mayden tendre were of age. 

Yet in the brest of hire virgiiiitee 

Ther was enclosed sad and Hpe corage : 

And in gret reverence and cbaiitee 

Hire old poure tkder fbstred she : 

A ftw sheep spinning on the feld abe kept^ 

She wolde not ben idel til ahe ilept 

The which she shred and aetbe for' hire living. 
And made hire bed ful hard, and nothing aoft : 
And ay ahe kept hire fadrcs lif on loft 
With every obeiaaoce and diligence. 
That child may don to &dres rarerence. 

Upon Grisilde, this poure aestu*, 
Ful often rithe this markia aette h^ eye, 
Ab he on hunting rode paraventure: 
And whan it fell that he might tare eapia, 



Commending in bis herte hire w 

And eke hire vertue, passing any wight 

Of ao yong age, *a wel in rhere as dede. 

For though the people have no giet insight 

In vertue, be considered ful right 

Hire bountee, and disposed that he wold 

Wedde hire only, if ever he wedden ahold. 

1^ day of wedding came, but no wight can 
Tellen what woman that it sliulde be. 
For which mervaille wondred many a mati. 
And saiden, whan they were in privit<«, 
" Wol not our lord yet leve hU vanitee ? 
'Wol he not wedde? aUs, alaa the while ! 
Wbj wol be thus himself and uabegile?" 

But natheles this markis hath do make 
Of geinniea,.sette in gold and in aaure, 
Broches and ringes, ^r Grisildes sake. 
And of hire clothing toke he the mesure 
or a maiden like unto hire ataturc. 
And eke of other otnamentes all. 
That unto swiche a weddbig sbulde fslL 

The time of undeme of the asme day 
Approcheih, that this wedding ahulde be. 
And all the paleia put was in array. 
Both balle and chambrea, eche in Ida d^reei 
Houaea of olfice atuffed with plentee 
llwr mayst thou tee of deinteous vitaille. 
That may be found, aa fer as laateth Itaille. 

Thia real markia ricbely amide, 
Ijordes and ladies in bia compagnie. 
The which unto the feste weren praide. 
And of bis retenue the bachelerie. 
With many a aoun of sondry melodie, 
Unto the village, of the which I told, 
lu Ihia array the righte way they bold. 

Gridlde of this ( God wot) ful 

That for hire ahapen was all this array. 

To fetcben wster at a uclle is went. 

And Cometh home as sone aa ever she may. 

For wel she hsd herd say, that (hiike day 

The markis shulde wedde, and, if she might. 

She vrolde faya ban seen aom of that sight. 

She thought, " I wol with other maidens stond, 
"Hiat ben my felawes, in our dore, and we 
The markiaeaae, and therto wol i fond 
To don at home, as aone as it may be. 
The labour wbicb thai hngetb unto me. 
And than I may at Maer Un bdiold, 
Ifihc this w^ oiKo tbs cmMI bold." 


And at ibe wolde over the (famwold goo, 
Tbe Qurkis cvnte sod gan hire for to allj 
Aad alie act doun hire wUer-poc anon 
Boide the threswold in an ore* Mali, 
And douD Dpon hire knee* iJw gan to fall, 
And with sad countenaace kneleth atill, 
im Ae had herd irhal was the lorde* will. 

This thMightfuI mnkii tftkt unto thii mail 
Ful tdberljt and «aid in this manere : 
•• VTher ii jrour bder, Grisildia ?" he laid. 
And she wiih rererenn in huioble chere 
Answered, " Ixnl, he ii al red; here." 
And in the goth wilhouten lenger Lettc, 
And to the '"■**■" ibe hire bder fette. 

He by the bond than uAt this poure man, 

Lowetthe idaance Dfini 


Tbj doxght.^ wol I tnLe 

or that I wtnd 

Y n/iff unto hire lire 


■■ Ihou h)T«t me, that wot I wel certuni 
And att iny &ithfiil liegeman jpbore. 
And all tbat liketh me, I dare wel lain 
It liketh thee, wid speciall; theribrc 
Tdl BK that point, that I have uid before. 
If that thou wolt unto this puipoa dirnwe, 
To taluo me M for thf ion in lawe." 

TUmdm caa this man astoncd ao, 

That nd be wei, abaist, and al quakiug 

He nood, uiuethea uid he wordea mo, 

Bat mly thui ; " Lord," quod b^ " my willing 

Uatjt wol, ne a^iu your liking 

1 wdI no thing, nun oweD lord ao dere, 

Ri^ ■> you lilt, goremeth Ihia mateie." 

" "nun wol I," quod this markis wftely, 
" Tbal in thy <:hainbre, I, and thou, and abe. 
Hare a coUation, and woM thou why ? 
F«r I wol wik hire, if it hire wlUe be 
To be my wif, and reule hire after me : 
And all this tbti be don in thy preience, 
I will not spcke out of thin audience-" 

And in tbc chambre, while they were aboute 
Tbe tretee, whicb » ye ihul after here, 
TbB pepla came into the bous witboute. 
And wondied bem, in how honest manere 
^otcotifl J abe kept hire foder deie : 
Bat atlcily Grisldia wonder might, 
Fm- nerer ml ne a«w she awicbe a light. 

No wander i« though that she be aaloned. 
To aec ao gret a geat come in that place, 
Sie ne^er waa to non swiche gestes woned. 
For wlBcb ihe h^ed with ful pale face. 
Bat ihonly fcffth thii matere for to cliace, 
^oae am the wordea that the markji uid 
To thn benigne, Teray, fiuthfiil maid. 

** Grisldai'' be aaid, " ye ihuln wel undentond, 

It liketh to your ftder and to me. 

That I you wedde. and eke it may to atond 

" I ny this, be ye ledy with good herta 
To all my lust, and that I freely m^ 
Aa me best thinketh do you lai^ or smerte, 
And never ya to grulchen, night ne day. 
And eke wban I lay ya, ye say not nay. 
Neither by word, ne frouning countenance T 
Swere this, and here I (were our alliance." 

Wondfing upon thia thing, quaking for dredi^ 
She iBide ; " Lord, indigne and unworthy 
Am I, to thilke honour, that ye me bede, 
IS ye wol younelf, ri^t *o wol I : 
here I swere, that nerer williugly 
In werk, ne thought, I ni^ll you disobeie 

o be ded, though me were lotfa to deie." 

is is yoough, Grinlde nun," quod fae: 
And forth he goth with a ful aobre chere. 
Out at the dore, and after than came she, 
~ to the peplu he said in thia manere : 
is is my wif," quod be, " that stondeth here 
Honourelb her, and toielh hire, I pray, 

so me loieth, tber n'is no more to aay." 

And for that nothing of hire olde gere 
She shulde bring into hia hous, be bad 
That nvmea shuld de«poilen hire right therei 
Of which thise todies weren nothing glad 
To handle hire clothes wherin she wu clad ; 

oatbelea this maiden bright of hew 
Fro foot to bed they clothed han all new. 

beres han they kempt, that lay unOvaaed 
rudely, and with hir fingrea smal 
Toune on hire bed they haa ydretaed. 
And selte hire ful of nouches gtet and smal : 
Of hire arrey what shuld I make a tale ? 
Unneth the peple hire knew for hire faimesse. 
Whan ahe traramewed wai in awiche richesae. 

This markis hath hire spoused with a ting 
Brought for tbe same cause, and tlun hire setts 
Upon sn hors snow-wbiie, and wei ambling. 
And to his paleia, or be lenger lette, 
(With joyful peple, that hire lad and mette) 
DTeyed hire, and thus tbe day they spends 
revel, til the sonne gan deacende. 

And shortly forth this tale fw 
God hath swiche favi 


It DOuriihed in 
To every 



Ight she waxen is so dcre. 
Ana worsmpfui, tliat folk ther she was bore, 
And tro hire birihe knew hire yere by yeie, 
Unnelhes trowed they, but dorgt ban swore. 
That to Janicle, of wtiicb I spake before. 
She doughtei o'tt, for as by conjecture 
Hem thoughle she was anoilier creature. 

For though that ever vertuous was abe. 
She was encresed in &wiche excellence 
Of thewes good, yiel in high bountee, 
Ind so discrete, aud (aire of eloquence, 
lo benigne, and so digne of reverence, 
ind coude so the peplea herte embrace. 
That echs hire lorcth that lokeCh on hire ikes. 
D a 

Not onlj of SbIuOk in (he loun 
Published was the bountee of hJre name. 
But eke beside in many a re^un, 
It' on saith wel, uioChcr saith th« wme : 
So upredeth of hire hie bount« the Gune, 
Tliat men and womfn, jrong as wel u old. 
Got! to Salucea upgn hire to behold. 

Thus Walter lowly, nay but really. 

Wedded with fortunat lioneatelee. 

In Goddes pecs liveth ful «ily 

At home, and gi«™ ynough outward liad he ; 

And for lie saw tliat undei low degree 

Was honeM venue hid, the peple liim held 

A prudent toui, and that is seen ful scld. 

Not only this Grialdis thurgb hiie wit 
Coude all the fete of wiSy horolinease. 
But eke whan that (he cas required it. 
The comune profit coude she redresse : 
Ther n'as ditcord, rancour, ne heTinesae 
In sll the tond, that ahe ne coude appese. 
And wisely bring hem all In hertes e«. 

Though that hire hmbond absent were or ncm. 

If gendlmen, or other of thai contiee 

Were vrotb, she wolde bringen hem at on. 

So wise and ripe wordes hadde she. 

And jugBmeni of bo grel equiteo. 

That she from heven sent was, as men wend, 

I'eple t4> 8«e, and exry wrong to amend. 

Not longe time after (hat tbii Crisilde 
Was wedded, she a doughtet hath yborc. 
All had hire lerei han borne a knave child; 
Glad WAS the markis and his folk therfore. 
For though a maiden childe come all before, 
Slie may unto a knaie child atleinc. 
By likEljhed, sin she n'lB not bairuoe. 

TaiB fell, as it befalletb time mO, 

Whan tha this childe had souked but 

This markis in his hertc longed so 

To tempt his wif, hire sadnesse for to knowe. 

That he ne might 01 


Alaketh you i 


It of his herte tl 

Needles, God wot, he thought hire to afflraj. 

He had aasaled hire ynough before, 

And found hire ever good, what nedeOi it 

Hire for to tempt, and alwaj more and roorei 

Though Boro men praise it for a subtil wit. 

But as for me, I say that evil it sit 

To a. -^'-.--.i.-. !. ! .A 

For which this mariiis wrought in this m 
He came a-nigU alone ther as she lay 
With sleme fcce, and with ful trouble cl 
And sayde thus; " Grisilde," quod be, " 
That I you tokc out of your poura array 
And put you in estot of high noblesse, 
Te han it not forgotten a* I gesae. 


(brgetful ibr to be 
in poure estot ful low, 
mote yourselven know. 

every word that I you say, 
ight that bcreth it but we tway. 

that ye came hare 
I not iong ago, 
ye be right lefe and dare. 

■■ Te wote yourself 

Into this bous, it ii 

And tluugh to me 

Unto my gentits ye t>e notmng bo i 

They say, Co hem it is gret chome and n 

For to be suggeles, and ben in serfage 

To thee, that borne art of a imal linage. 


n thy doughter was ybore, 

1 they spoken doutelea, 
1 have don before. 

•■ And yet, God wole, this 
But nalhcles withoutcn yoi 
I wol nought do, but thus 
" That ye to me assenien i 
Shew now youre patience i 
That ye me hight and swoi 
The day that maked was oi 

youre werking, 
in youre villi^ 

Whan ahe had herd all this, she not ameved 
Keyiher in word, in chere, ne countenance, 
(For as it semed, she was not agreved) 
She sayde ; " Lord, all lith in your ptesance. 
My child and I, with henily obeiiiance 
Ben youres all, and ye may save or spill, 
Your owen thing ; werketh after your wilL 

Ne drede for to teac, sauf only ye : 
This will is in myn herte, and ay shall be. 
No length of time, or deth may this deftce, 
Ne change my carage to an other place." 

Glad was this markis I 

But yet he feined as hi 

Al drery was his chers 

Whan that he shuld oi 

Sone after this, a furlong way or two. 

He prively hath told all his cnlcnt 

Unto a man, aiul to his wif him sent. 

IB this] 

jnden hod 

The which he foilliful often found 

In Ihinges gret, and eke swichc folk wel can 

Don execution on thjngea bad : 

The loid knew wel, that he him loved and dra 

And whan this sergeant wist his lordes will. 

Into the cbambre he stalked liim ful still. 

" Madame," he sayd, " ye mote foryere it ma 
Though I do tiling, to which I am conatrEine< 
Ye ben so wise, that light wel koowen ye. 
That lordes liestes may not ben yfeuied, 
They may wel be bewailed and compluned. 
But men mote nedes to hir lust obey. 
And BO wol I, ther nil no nam to nj. 


•■ Tlui eUli I am eoQnuuided tOr to take." 
And spake no mote, but out the child he bant 
De^tauil7, and gui ■ cbere to make, 
A* though be mdd ha*e i^lain it, or be weot. 
Graildts moGt al luBer and si consent : 
And as a lambe, she sitteth mdie and still. 
And let this cruel aergeant da liia irill. 

B the difl^nne of tbis man, 
is fare, suspect hii word also, 
Suspect the time in which be this buan : 
Alas ! hire dougbler, that she loTed w. 
She wende he wold han slaien it right tho. 
But nalbeleB she neitber wept ne liked, 
to that tbe markii liked. 

But at tbe last to ^ken she betjan. 

Aim] >Mkel7 she to tbe KTgeaot praid 

(So as be was ■ worthy eealU man) 

That she might kisat bire child, or that it deid : 

And in bite banne this litet child sbe Ind, 

Witb ful Kd £ux, and gut the child to blisw. 

And lulled it, and after gan it kiiae. 

And tbua she ami \a hire benigne Tois : 

" Farewel, my child, I shall thee ncTer see. 

But on I hare thee marked with the crou, 

or thilke Jider yblessed mole thou be, 

Thia lor ua died upon a crois of tree i 

llif SKde, litcl clold, I him betake. 

For this night ahalt tbeu dien for mjr sake. " 

I Iraw that to a norics in this ess 

It had ben hard this routlie for lo see ; 

Vet might a modcr than ban cried " Alas," 

But nalheles so sad stedfast was she, 

T^Bl she endured all adrerait^. 

And w tbe sei^eant mekelj she sayde, 

" Hare hae agen your lilel yonge mayde. 

■■ Goth now," quod she, " and doth my lordes beat : 

And o thing wold I pray you of your gract^ 

But if my lord forbade you at tbe lest, 

Buricth this titel body in lom place, 

That beatea ne no briddes it to-race>" 

But be no w^rd to that puipos wold sayi 

But toke the child and went upon his way* 

TloB sergeant came unto his lord again, 

And f^ GrialdeB wordes and hire cbeie 

He told bim point for point, in short and plain. 

And him presented with hia doughter dere. 

Somwhat this lord bath muthe in his nunere. 

Bat uthalea his purpoa held he still. 

As lordis don, whan they wol bare hir will. 

At>d bad this sergeant that he prively 
Sm lde this diild ful soUe wind and wntppe, 
With alle orcmnstanca tendrely. 
And carry it in a coffre, or iu a lappe ; 
Bu upon peine bis bed of for to swappe 
That no man ifaulde know of his entent, 
Ke whens be came, ne whider that he went ; 

Hiis child to fostien in all gentiUease, 

And whoa child that it was be bade hire hide 

Frooi erer; wigbt, for cnight thai nu^ betide. 

This sergeant golh, and bath fulfilde this tlung. 
But to diis marquis now retome we ; 
For now goth be ful iast imagining. 
If by his wires chere he mighte sec. 
Or by hire wordes apperceire, that she 
Were changed, but he nerer ooud hire Gode, 
But ever in on ylike sad and kinde. 

As glad, ss humble, as besy in serrice 
Aad eka in love, as she was wont to be, 

Ne of hire doughter not a word spake she : 
Non accident for non advenitee 
Was seen in hire, ne nerer iiire doughlera itamo 
Ne nereued sbe, for emest ne for game. 

In this estat tber passed ben fouit' yere 

Er she with childe was, but, ss God wold, 

A knare childe she bare by this Wallere 

Ful gracious, and fair for lo behold : 

And whan that folk it lo Us fader told. 

Not only he, but all his contree mery 

Was for this cliildc, and Ood tbey tlionke and hi 

Whan it was two yere old, and from the brest 
Departed of his nonce, on a day 
lliia markis caughte yet another lest 
To terapte his wif yet nFler, if he may. 
O ! nedeles was she templed in assay. 
But wedded men ne coniien no mesure, 
Wban that tbey flnde a patient creature. 

" Wif," quod this markis, " ye ban herd or this 
My peple sikely beren our msriage, 
And namely sin my sone yboren is, 
Kow is it werse than ever in all our age ; 
The murmur sletb myn herte and my coragt^ 
For to myn etes cometh tbe rois so smeile^ 
That it wel nie destroyed hath myn beite. 

" Now say they thus, ' Whan Waller is agon, 
Than shal the blood of Janicle succede. 
And ben our lord, for other ban we non : ' 
Swicbe wordes sayn my peple, it is no dred& 
Wei ought I of swiche murmur taken hede. 
For certainly I dred al swicbe lenience, 
Though they not plalnen in myn audience. 

" I wolde live in pees, if that I might : 
Wherfbra I am diapoeed utterly. 
As I bis suster serred er by night. 
Right BO thiukc I to serre bim prirely. 
This wame I you, that ye not siidenly 
Out of yourself for no wo shuld outraie, 
Beth p^ieul, and ttaeiof I you praie." 

" I have,"* quod she, " sayd thus and erer shal, 
I wol no thing, ne n^ill no thing certain. 
But as you list : not greveth me at al, 
lliough that my doughter and niy sone be slain 

re not had no part of children twein, 
first aikenesse, and after wo and peine. 

For u I left Bt borne •! or; cldthui^ 

Whui I came fiMI to jou, right to," quod rtie, 

" t-ell I my will and ol ui; Ubcrlee, 

And tote your clothing : wherfore I you prey. 

Doth your pkaauce, I wol youre lust obey. 

" And eerto, if I haddo presdence 

Your will lo know, er ye your luM me told, 

I wold it do withouten negligence : 

But now I wote your lust, and what ye wold. 

All your plesuice tame and stable I hold. 

For wist I that my deth mighl do you ese. 

Right gladly wold I dien, you lo plese. 

The ccnutance of hia wif, he cast adoun 
Hia eyen two, and wondretb bow she may 
In patience auffer al this anay : 
And forth he gotb with dreiy conWnance, 
But to lui berte it was ful gret pleeance. 

This ugly sergeant in the Bome wise 
That he hire dougbter caughte, right so be 
(Or werse, if men can any werae devise) 
Hath hent hire sone, that lul was of beautee -. 
And eyer in on so patient was she. 
That ihe no cheie nuule of beiioeaae. 
But kiat birc son and after gan it blesae. 

Save this die praied bim, if that be nught. 
Hire litel sone he wold in erthe grave. 
His tendre limniCT delicat to sight. 
Fro foulea and fro beatea for to »ve. 
But she nou answer of bim migble have. 
He went bis way, as him no thing ne rougbt. 
But lo BoliHgae be tendiely it brought. 

This markis wondreth ever lenger the more 
Upon hire patience, and if that he 
Ne hadde lochty knowen thctbefore, 
Tbot pajfitly hire cfaiLdnn loved she. 
He woM ban wend that of som subtilEee 
And of malice, or for cruel coiage, 
Tliat (be had uiSred this with sad visage. 

Bui wel he knew, that neit himself, certain 
Sbe loved hire children best in every wise. 
But now of women wold I osken fayn. 
If thise assaies mighlen not sufliae ; 
What coud a sturdy husbond more devise 
To preve hire wiilood, and hire 
And be --.--^-.-■ 

But tber ben talk of swlcbe condition, 
That, whan they ban a certain puipog take. 
They cannot stint of hir entention, 
But, right as they were bounden to a stoke. 
They wol not of liir firate purpos slake ; 
lUght »o this markis f\Jly hath purposed 
To tempt his wif, aa be was fliit diipowid. 

He waiteth, if by word or eontenance 
That she to him was changed of conge : 
But never coud he ndec variance. 
She was ay on in berte and in visage, 
And ay the further thai she iras in age. 
The more trcvre (if that it were poasible) 
Sbe WW to bin in love, and more pemble. 

For whidi it semed thiis, that of bent tw» 
Tber was but o will ; for a* Walter leit 
The same lust was hire plesancs also; 
And God be thanked, all fell for tbe beat. 
She shewed wel, for no wordly unrest 
A wif, as of hireself, no thing ne sbolde 
Wille in efiect, but as hire husbond wolde. 

Tbe sclandre of Walter wonder vide spndde. 

That of a cruel berte he wikkedly. 

For he a poure woman wedded hadde, 

Hath murdred both bis children prively : 

Swich murmur was among hem comunly. 

No wonder ia : for to the peples ere 

Ther came no word, but that they murdred were. 

For which ther as his peple therbefbre 

Had loved him wel, tbe sclandre of his iTifBimtt 

Made hem that they him haledeo therfore : 

To ben a murdrour is an hateful name. 

But nathelcB, for emest oe for game. 

He of his cruel purpoa n'olde sleate. 

To tempt his wii;was setts all bis entente. 

Whan that his dougbter twetf yere was of age. 
He to [be court of Rome, in subtil wise 
Enformed of bis will, sent bis message. 
Commanding him, swidie billes to devise. 
As to his cruel purpos may suffise. 
How thai the p<^, aa for hia peples rest. 
Bade him to wed another, if bhn lest. 

I say he bade, they shulden contrefete 

The popes bulles, making mention 

That he bath love his Urate wif to lete. 

As by the popes dispensation. 

To sttnten rancour and dissennon 

Betwii his peple and him : thus apake the bull. 

The whidi they ban published at the fiilL 

The rude peple, as no wonder ia, 

Wendea ful wel, that it had ben ri^bt ao : 

But whan Ihise tidinga came lo Gnsildis, 

I deme that hire berte was fill of wo ; 

But she vlike sad (or evenno 

Disposed was, this humble creature, 

Tbe adversite* of fortune al to endure ; 

Abiding ever his luat and his plesance. 
To whom that she was yeven, herle and al. 

But shortly if this sUme lell I shal. 

This maikis writen hatb in qpacial 

A lettre, in which he sheweth hia eatente. 

And Be<^etly be to Bolojgoe it seote. 

To the erl of Pavie, which that hadde tba 

Wedded bis SDsler, prayed he specially 

To bringen home ageln his children two 

In honourable estat at openly : 

But o thing he him prayed utterly, 

That he to no wight, though men wold eoquere, 

^ulde TH>1 tell whoa children that they weie. 

But say, the maiden ifauld ywedded be 
Unto the mariiis of Saluces anon. 
And as this erl was prayed, so did he. 
For at day sette he on his way is gon 
Toward Saluoea, and lordes many on 
In rich arraie, this maiden for to gidc. 
Hire yonge brotbar riding hii« boide. 


Anaied w» unrard hiie nuriage 

TliB fi'Eahe "*"■<*", liil of gemma dere, 

Hin brodier, whicb that WTcn jen wai of 

Anaied eke ful fre(b in bii iDUiere : 

And tbita ID gret noblaaM and *itti gUd cbi 

Tomid Sjloew ih^ng bii jouiiuj 

Fro il^ to day the; li^ in Mr wtij. 

Aaowa si iUm, after bU wicked uiagc, 

ThB Diaitu jtt hii wtf to templen mora 

To the Bttereste prdc of hire coiagc, 

Fuilj to liBTe experience and lore. 

If that ihe were as Hedcfait m b^lbni, 

He on ■ da; in open audience 

Fol bniaCoaBl; hath Bid hire thii (enlence : 

" Cotes, Grinlde, I had jnough plesance 
To hwD ;vu to m; wif, for jour goodoetae, 
And {or ;our traullw, aod for your obeyniH^ 
Not for your linage, oe for your liciesH-, 
But BOW kno*' I in Tery aothlaitnene, 
llMt in gret lotdship, if I me wel eiiie, 
liter is gret BenitudK in tODdry wJM^ 


" I Di^ not don, afl ereiy ploughmi 
My p^ie me conitnineth for to take 
AnatlKT wif^ and crien day by day ; 
Aod Ae the pope rancour for to alike 
CooBiteCfa it, that dare I undertake : 
And Irewely. thus mocbe I wol you say, 
If y Bcre wif ii cooling by Che way. 

' Be straog of berte, and Toide anon hire place. 
And tlnlke dower that ye broughlen nu) 
t agen, I giant it of my grace. 
" ~o youi' fadreft hous," quod lie, 
~ no man may alway have pri»perilee. 
inth eren berte I rede you to Kndure 
Hk itnike trf* foitune, i ' 

And *he agen aniwerd in patience -. 

•■ My lord,' quod ihe, " I wote, aod wist alway, 

How thai beCwiien your magniflcence 

And my porcita no wi^iit ne can ne may 

Maken compariuHi, it is no nay ; 

I ae held me aera digne in no manera 

To b« jouT wi( ne yet your chamberere. 

■* Aad in tbii houi, ther ye me lady made, 
<The fai^e God take I for my witneiH, 
And all ao wbdy be my eoule glad) 
I DCWT held me lady ne malKmae, 
But bumble ■errant to your worthincae, 
And enr ihal, while that my lif may dure, 
Abono erery worldly a 

" Tliat ye id longe of your t 

Han hidden me in honour and nofaley, 

Wluna I WH not worthy tot to be, 

That tbanke I God and you, to whom I p 

Fctyelde it you, ther i> no more to wy : 

U«o my &der gladly wol I wende. 

And nth bim dwell unto my iiTe* ende ; 

Par utb I yare to you mjr maid 
And am your trewe wi( it ia no drede, 
God ihilde iwicbe a loidci wif to lake 
Anotlier man to butbond or to make. 

" And t£ your newc wif, God of his grace 
So graunte you wele and proqierile : 
For I wol gladly yetden bin my places 
In which that 1 wu bliifiil wont to be. 
For lith it liketh you, my lord," quod die, 
" That whilom weren all myn hertei rest, 
Tliat 1 iIibI goD, I wol go whan you lest. 

■< But ther as ye ma proTre swiche dowsire 
As I fint brought, it is we] in my mind. 
It were my wretched clothes, nothing iaire. 
The which to me were banl now for to find. 

goode God ! how gentil and how kind 
Ye semed by your speche and your visage. 
The day that nuked hu oiire marriage ! 

" But soth is said, alnte I find it trewe. 

For in eaict it preved is on me. 

Lore is not old, as whan that it is ncwe. 

But certes. lor^ for oon sdienjlee 

To dien in this nis, it shal not be 

That erer in word or weike I shal repent. 

That I you yate min bene in bole Hitent. 

" My lord, ye wote, that in my frdres place 
Ye i&de me stripe out of my poure wede. 
And ricbely ye clad me of your grace i 
To you brought I nought elles out of dreda. 
But faith, and nakednesse, and maidenbede ; 
And here agen your clothing I restore. 
And eke your wedding ring for arermore. 

" The remenant of your jcwctes redy be 
Widdn your chamlnv, I dare it safiy sain : 
Naked out of my fadres hous," quod she, 
" I came, and naked I mote turiie again. 
All your plesaoce «<dde I ftdwe (ain : 
But yet I hope it be not your entent. 
That I uuokles out of your paleis wenL 

" Te coude not do so dlshoneM a thing. 

That tbilke wombe, in whicb your childiea \kj, 

Shulde before the peple, in my walking, 

Be seen al ban ! wherfore I you pray 

Let me not like a worme go by the way ! 

Remembre you, min owen lord so dere, 

1 wa* your wif, though I unworthy were. 

■' Wherfbre in guerdon of my maidenbede. 
Which that I brought and not agen I here, 
As Toucbeiauf to yeve me to my medo 
But swicbe a smok as I was wont to were. 
That I therwiih may wrie the wombe of hire 
That was youi wif: and liere 1 take my leva 
Of you, min owen lord, lest I you greve." 

" The smc^," quod he, " that thou hast on thy bake, 
Let it be still, and here it forth with thee." 
But wel unnethes thilke word he spake. 
But went his way for routbe and for pitee. 
Before the folk hireselven stripeth she, 
And in hire smok, with foot and bed al bare. 
Toward h^ bdie* bous forth is ibe fare. 
D 4 

40 C 

The folk hire folwen wepiiig in hir vej. 
And fortune mj they cunen u thej gon ! 
But the fro veping kept bire eyea mj, 
Ne ID lliis lime word ne apake bbe ami. 
Hire loder, thit this tiding herd anunt 
Cuneth the day and time, that nature 
Shope him lo bsn ■ lives cieuuce. 

For out of doute tliis olde pouic man 
Wu ever in uufect of hire manage : 
For ever he demed. sin it fint began, 
ThM whan tlie lord fulfilled had hia oonge. 
Him wolde thinke it were a diiparege 
To his estat, so lo«e for to alight. 
And Toidsn hire as smne a3 ercr he might. 

Agein bi> doogfalcr baslilj gotb he, 
(For he bj naae of folk knew hire cvniing) 
And with liire olde cote, aa it might be. 
He covereth hire ful ■orwcfullj weping t 
But on hire body might he it not biing, 
For rude waa the cloth, and more of age 
By doies. feU than at hire maiiage. 

Thus with hire fader for a oertaiii space 
Dwelleth this fiour of wifly patience, 
Tliat notliei by hire wordes ne Inn tux, 
Bdbm (he fblk, ne eke in hii absence, 
Ne shewed she that hire was den offimc^ 
Ne of hire high esu 
Ne hadde she, as by hire a 

No wonder is, ibr in hire gret estat 
Hire gott was ever in pldiK humiUtee i 
Va (endre mouth, no herte delicat. 
No pompe, no semblant of reallee j 
But ful of pMient bnJgniue, 
Discrete, and prideles, ay hoiumrahle. 
And to hire husband ever meke and stable. 

Men spckeof Job, and iiHSt ibr hia bumblasse, 
As cleikes, whan bem list, can wel endite. 
Namely of men, hut •> in soth&stnease. 
Though clerkes pielsen women but a lile, 
Ther can no man in homblesse him acquits 
As woman can, ne can be half so trewe. 
As women ben, but it be falle of newe. 

Fao Bolmgne is the eri of PiTie come. 

Of which the fame up sprang to more and looe : 

And to the peples eres all and some 

Was couth eke, tliat a newe markisease 

He with bim brought, in swiche pomp and ridiesse, 

That never was ther seen with monncs eye 

So noble srray in al West Lumbardie. 

Hie markis, whidi that shope and knew all this, 
Er that this erl was come, sent his message 
For ihilke poure sely Grisildia ; 
And she with bumble herte and glad risoge. 
Not with no swollen duHight in hire coragc. 
Came at bis hest, and on hire knees hire seCte, 
And reTerently snd wisely she him gnitte. 

» Gtinlde," quod he, " my will is utterly, 
This maiden, that ahal wedded be to me. 

Recdved be to 
As it poBsiUe is in myn boua to he : 
And eke that every wight in bis degrea 
Have bis estut in littiiig and serrice. 
And high plesanee, as I can best deviie. 

The chaiobres for lo array in ordinance 
After my lust, and therfore woldc I fain. 

That tMn were all swiche monere governance : 
Thou knowest eke of old all my plesaoce ( 
Though thin srray be bad, and evil besey. 
Do thou thy devoir at the leste way." 

" Not only, lord, tbst I am glad," quod she, 
•■ To don your lust, but I desire alas 
You for to serve and plese in my d^rae, 
Withouten fainting, and shal evermo : 
Ne never fbr no wele, ne for no wo, 
Ne ahal the gost within myn herte itente 
To love you best with sU my trewe entente." 

And with that word she gan the hous to digh^ 
And tables for lo sette, and beddes make. 
And peiued hire to don all that she might, 
Pmying the chamtiererers for Goddes sake 
To hasten bem. and taste swepe and shake. 
And she the mostc serviceable of all 
Hath every cbsmbcr airaied, and bis hall. 

Abouten undem gan this erl alight^ 

That with him brought thise noble children twey ; 

For which the peple tan to see the sight 

Of hir array, so licbely besey : 

And than at erst amonges hem they sey. 

That Walter was no fool, though that him leit 

To change his wif ; for it wsa for the best. 

F<Hr she is fairer, as they demen all. 

Than is Crisilde, and more tendre of age. 

And fairer fruit betwene hem shuld fell. 

And more plesant for hire bigh linage : 

Hire brother eke so faire was of visage 

That hem to seen the peple hath caught plesanee. 

Commending now the matkia governance. 

" Q stormy peple, unsad and ever untrewe. 
And undiscrete, and changing as a fane. 
Delighting ever in rombel that is newe. 
For like the mone waien ye and wane ; 
Ay i\il of clapping, dere ynough a jane, 
Your dome is tula, your Constance evil preveth, 
A ful gret fool is he that on you levech." 

Thus saiden sad* folk in that dlee. 
Whan that the peple gased up and doun : 
For tbey were glad, right tor the novcltee. 
To have a newe lady of hir toun. 
No mon of this make 1 now mentioun. 
But to Griulde agcn I wol me dresae. 
And telle hire conMance and hire bedneMc 

Ful bcsy was Ciiulde in every thing. 
That to tile feste was appertinent ; 
Right naught was she abaist of Uie ^Maag, 
Though it were rude, and somdel eke t^rest. 
But with glad cbere lo the yate is went 
Wilh other blk, to neta the martiswe. 
And aiUr that dotii forth bire b*- 


With B glad chcn bu gttUa ibe iccdretfa. 
And cooninglT Ciericb in In* isgne, 
Hmc no dcCuilc no man apperctiTetfa, 
But tij tbej woodren what tbe might be, 
ThU in BO poun amj wn for to >ee. 
And coude nricbe bonaur and rercnnc^ 
And wontiUy they pniaen Mre prudenoa. 

la all this mote while tJie ne Blent 
This maide and Ae hire brother 
With ell hii« berte in Tul benigne entcut. 
So wd, that no man coud tiire prciae ami 
Bat at the last whan that thise lorda wa 
To vtten dotin to mete, lie gm to call 
Giisilde, aa the was beaj in the hall. 

*■ Giishle,' quod he, ■■ it 



** Right wd, mj lord,'* quod she, " for j 
A &iTcr saw I never non than sho : 
] prajr to God jeve ;ou prospeiitee ; 
And K> 1 hope, that be wol to you send 
FlesaDce ynou^ unto tout Uth end. 

"O thing besecbe I you and warn* also 

For ibe is foMred in bin nnrishing 
More ttainly, and to my supposing 
She migiite oot advenitee eikdura. 
As emde • poun foatred creature." 

And wban this Wahxr saw hire patience 
Hire glade cbere, and no m^ice at all. 
And he so often hadde fabe don ofltnce. 
And she ay sade and constant as a wall, 
CootinuiDg ever hire innocence over all. 
This sturdy matUs gan bis berte drtne. 
To lewe upon hire wifly stedefiMncsK." 

■■ This is jnouf^ Grisilde min," quod he, ' 

" Be iK>w DO iDott agast, ne ctU apaid, 

I hare Iby &ith and thy beaignitee. 

At wd as erer woman was, assoid 

I grel estat, and pouielich airaied : 

Kow know I, dere wiT, thy BtedefastnesEc," 

Au] hire in armcs tolce, and gan to kesse, 

AbI abc for wonder loke of it no kepe ; 
She beide not what thing be to htie said : 
SIk fade M sbe bad Oert out of a slepe, 
TS sbe out of lure masednesse abraid. 
' Grinlde," qood be, " by God thst for us d 
Thou an mj wif, nou otiier I ne haTc, 
Ne never had, as God my sonle save." 

*■ This is thy dou^iler, which thou I 
To be mj wif; (hat oAer Uthfiilly 
Sial be BUD heir, as I hare ay disposed { 
Tbou baie hem of tby body trewely ; 
At Boloignc hare I kept bent prively : 
T^ bnn agen, for now maist tbou not say, 
TtaM tbou ha^ km non of thy duldren tway. 

'e don this dede 

•■ And folk that otherwise 

1 warac lieni wcl, diat I J 

For DO malice, ne for no i 

Bat for to assay in thee thy w. . 

And not to Uee my childreo ( God fotbede) 

But for to kepe boa piinly and still, 

m ] tb; puipo* knew, and all tby will.' 

Whan she thi4 herd aswouna doun sba &UMh 
For pilous joye, and after hire swouning 
She both bir* yonge children to hire calletb, 
And in hire snne« pitously weping 
Embraceth hem, and tendrely kissing 
ike a moder with hire salle teres 
She bathed both hir visage and hir Iwres. 

O. which a pilaus thing it was to see 

Hire Bwouning, and hire humble vois to here ! 

*^ Grand mgrcy, lord, God thank it you,*^ quod she^ 

" That ye han saved me my children dere i 

Now rekke 1 never to be ded rigbt ho^ 

Sin I Btond in your love, and in your grace. 

No force of deib, ne whan my spirit pace. 

'■ O Icndre, o dere, o yonge cl 

Your wofid mother wened stei 

That cruel boundes, or aom fold vermine 

Had etan you ; but Cod of his mscy. 

And your ben^(De bder tendrely 

Hath don you kepe : " and in thai laine atound 

Al Boilenly she iwapt adoun to ground. 

And in hire ivough so sadly holdeth sbe 
Hire children two, whan she gan hem embrwe. 
That with grec sleight and gret diflkulte* 
The children from hire arm they gan airace. , 
Oi many a tere on many a |dlous face 
Doun roo of hem that atoden hire beside, 
Unnethe abouten hire might tlwy ^de. 

K children 

Walter hire gladetb, 

She lisetb up abadOed from hire Dance, 

And every wight hire joye and feste mskctb. 

Walter hire dodi so 

aithfully plaanco. 

Thst it was deintee f 

or to seen the chere 

Betwii hem two, sin 

they ben met in fere. 

Tbise ladia, whan tl 

at they hir time sey. 

Han taken hire, and 


And stripen hire out 

of hire rude airev. 

And in a «!otb of gold that brighte sh^ne. 

Upon hire hed, they 

nto haU hire broughte; 

And tber she was ho 

noured IS liire ought. 

TluB halh this ptous day a blisful end j 
For every man, and woman, doth In might 
This day in mirth and revel to dispend, 
HI on the wdkin ihone the sterres bright : 

TiaB feste was, and greter of coatee, 
TTian was the level of hire nuriage- 

Ful many a ycre in high pro^iciitee 
Liven tbise two in concord and in res^ 
And richely his doughter maried be 
Unto a lord, on of the wortfriest 
Of all Itallie, and than in pees and rest 
His wives &der in bis court be kepeth, 
TU thst the soule ont of bis body ci^icth. 

His Bone succedetb in hie heritage. 
In rest and peea, after hit fsdres day : 
And forCunat waa eke in marioge, 
Al put he not his wif in grat assay : 
This world it not so strong, it is no nay. 
At it hath ben in aide times yore, 

. this auctour saith ttaeifore. 

42 CI 

Tbii sCorr ii aaid, not for that wjcei ifauld 

Folwe Griiilde, u in bumililce, 

For it were importable^ tho they wold ; 

Bui far that every wight in hia degree 

Shulde be coniiant in advenitee, 

Ab was Crisilde, Iheifore Fetnrk wrileth 

This Etorie, which with hi^ stile he enditeth. 

For iith a woman was so patient 

Unto an, 

ortal man, wel 



Receiven all in Ki«e that Cod us sent. 


kill is he preT 


But hen 


bu he bought, 




piM«ll rede ; 

He pierelh tbUc *1 day. 



And niSvth us, as for our eietdsi. 
With shaipe scoui^ei of advenitee 
Ful often to be bete in sondry wise ; 
Not for to know otir will, fbr certes be, 
Or we were borne, knew all our freeletee ; 
And for OUT best is all his governance ; 
Let us than live in vertuous suffirancc. 

But o word, loMingB, herkenetb, or I go ; 

It were ful hard to finden now adayes 

In all a toun GrisUdea three or two : 

For if that they were put to iwiche aisayes. 

The gold of hem hath now so bad olayes 

With bras, thst though the coine be fure at eye, 

It woide rather bnit alwo than plie. 

For which here, for the wives love at Bathe, 
Whos liTand al hire secte God maintene 
In high maistrie, and elles were it acstbe, 
I wol with lusty herte fteahe and gtene. 
Say you a song to gtaden you, 1 wene : 
And let us sdnt of emestful matere. 
Heifcneth my song, that saith in this nwneie. 

Griiulde is ded, and eke hire patiunce. 
And both at ones buried in Itaille : 
For whidi I ctie in open audience. 
No wedded man so hardy be to assajlle 
Hi« wiiea patience, in trust to find 
Gririldes, for in certain he ihal laille. 

O noble wives, ful of high pnidence. 

Let non humilitee your tonges naile i 

Ne Id no clerk bate cause or diligence 

To write (^ you a storie of awiche merraille. 

As of Grisildis patjeot and kinde, 

LcM Chicheracbe you swalwe in hire entraille. 

Ffdweth Ecco, that holdeth no silence, 
But ever answereth at the counbvtaille : 
Beth not bediffed for your innocence, 
But aharplj taketh on you the govenuille i 
Emprenteth weI this leMon in yuur minde, 
For comun profit, sith it may availle. 

Ye archewivea, alondeth ay at defence, 
Sin ye be strong, as i« a gret camaille, 
Ne suffreth not, that men do you offence. 
And sclendre wives, feblo as in bataille, 
Beth egre as is a tigre yond in Inde ; 
Ay clappeth as a mill, I you counsaille. 

Hie arwea of thy crabbed d 

Shal pace hia breit, and Ae hia aventaiUe : 

In jaloude I rede eke thou him binde, 

And thou (halt make him couche as doth a quiille. 

If thou be Aire, ther folk ben in presence 

Shew thou thy vimge, and thin apparailte : 

If thou be foule, be iree of thy dispence. 

To get thee Aeadc* ay do thy travaille : 

Be ay of chere as tight as le^ on linde. 

And let him care, and wepe, and wringe, and waille. 


At San*, in the lond of Tartariiv 

"Dier dwelt a king that werreied Ruine, 

Thurgh nhich ther died many a doughty man : 

This noble king was cleped Cambuscan, 

Which in hia time was of so gret renoun, 

That ther na'a no wher in no r^oun, 

So eicellent a lord in all* thing : 

Him lacked nought that longetta to • king, 

As of the secte of which that he was home. 

He kept his lay to which he was yswome. 

And therto he was hardy, wise, and riche, 

And pitous and just, and alway ylicbc^ 

Trewe of his wmi, benigne and honour^e ; 

Of Ids cotage as any centre stable ; 

Yong, l^esh, and strong, in armes de^rou^ 

Ab any bacheler of all hia hous. 

A &ire person he was, and fortunate, 

And kept alway «o vrel real eatat. 

That ther n'as no wher awiche another man. 

TUa noble king, this Taitre Cambaaom, 
Hadde two aones by Elfeta hi* wif. 
Of which the eldeM tone higbte Algaruf, 
That other was ycleped CBmballo. 

A doughter had this worthy king also. 
That yongest was, and highCe Canace : 
But foi to tellen you all hire beaulee, 
It Iith not in my tonge, ne in my conning, 
I dare not undertake so Ingfa a thing :. 
Hin English eke is unsuffident, 
It muste ben a Rethor excellent, 
That coude hia colours longing for that art, 
If he shuld hire dejcriven ony part : 
I am not swiche, I mote speke as I on. 

And BO befell, that whan this Cambuscan 
Hath twenty winter borne his diademe. 
As be was wont fro yere to yere I deme. 
He let the feste of his nativitee 
Don crien, tburghout Sana Ms dtee. 
He laM IduB of March, after the yere. 

Ffaebus tlie Sonne ful jolif was nid clere, 
For he was ni^i his exaltation 
In Maites face, and in bis mansion 
In Aries, the colerike hote signer 
Ful lusty was the wether and bcn^{n« 
For which the fouler again (he sonne shcnci 
What for the seson ane the yonge grene, 
Ful loude songen hir oflectiDns : 
Hem semed han getten hem protections 
Again the swerd of winter kene and col(L 

This Cambuscan, of which I have you told. 
In real TeMJmenls, rit on his deis 
Willi diadme, ful high in his palti* ; 


And holte his fate ao >olempDe tad lo riche, 
Tbat in tbii wotiA ne ns tber uon it Ikbe, 
Of whicfa if 1 >Im1 Ulln all tfae wraj. 
Than wold it occupie a aomtts d«y ; 
And rke it nedeth not for la defin 
At every coiin the oxder of bir lerTice' 
I wol not lellcD of hir Urange kw«s, 
Ne oT hir swanitn, ne hir beronaewn. 
Eke in that land, as tellen knigbtea old, 
Ther is sun mete that is ful deintee hold, 
That in this lond men recch« of it ful tmal : 
Tber n'b no man that ma; leporlen aL 
I kdI not tarien you, Ibr it is prime, 
And fitr it is no Ihiit, bui loose of lime, 
Unto mj purpine 1 vol liave recoun. 

And so befell that after the thiidde coun 
WUle thu this king sit thus in his nobley. 
Harking his ministralles hir thinges pley 
Beiome bim at his bord delidotisly, 
In at the halle dore *1 sodeoly 
Tber came a knight upon a stede of bras. 
And in his bond a brod mirrour of gUa ; 
Upon his tbombe he had of gold A ring. 
And by bis »de a naked awerde banging : 
And up he rifletb to the bighe bord. 
In all tbe halle ne was iher apoke a word. 
For menvlle of this knight ; him to behold 
Pol besily they Kaiten yong and old. 

Tins stimnge knight that corae thus sodenly 
Al armed save bis bed ful ricbely, 
Saluetb king and qiiene, and lordes alle 
By Oder, » they aaUn in tbe halle. 
With so high reverence and 
Ai wd in spechc as in his i 
TIm Gawain with bis aide cuttede, 
Tlwogfa be were come agen out of Faerie, 
Ne coude hjin not amenden vith a nord. 
And after this, befom the highe bord 
He with a manly Tois sayd his meMigc, 
After the forme used in his ]»artgt, 
WitfaoDten rice of BJlable or ofletter. 
And fiir hn tale shulde seme tbe better. 
Accordant to his wordea was bis cbere. 
As teclicih art of speche hem thai it lere. 
Al be it that I cannot aouoe bis Uile, 
a to high a stile, 

Tims much amoiuiteth all that ever he ment, 
If it so be that I have it ia mind- 
He aajd ; " The king of Anlne aod of Inde, 
Hy liege lord, on this solempne day 
Salnetb you as be best can and may. 
And scodeih you in honour of your teste 
By me, that am al redy at your beste, 
Tknilefkof bias, that edJy and wel 
Obi in tbe space of a day nalurel, 
(TUs is to sayn, in four and twenty houres] 
Wh^ so jou list, in drought or elles ahourea, 
Bereo your body into eveiy place, 
Ta which your berte willeth for to pace, 
TFHlBnten wcduhb irf you, thurgh foule or bire. 
Or if you U>t to fleen as high in the aire, 
As dolfa an egle, whan him list to sore, 

WicliDirten harme, till ye be Ihel you lest, 
{Thongfa that ye ilepen on his back or rest] 
And tume again, with writhing of a pin. 
He thai it irrought, he coude many a gin ; 
He waited nwaiy a constcllstiaD, 

And knew ful many ■ sele uul many a bond. 

"This I 

It I hare 

Hath swicbe a might, that n 
Whan (her shal fialle ony adterailee 
Unto your regae, or lo youraelf ulco. 
And openly, who IB your fiend or fo. 
And orer all this, if any lady bright 
Hath set hire herta on any maner wight. 
If be be iUse, she aha] hia treson aee, 
Hi* newe loye, and aU his lubtiltee 
So openly, that ther Bhal nothing hidh 

" Wheifore again this lusty somei tide 
TTiis mirrour and this ring, chat ye may se. 
He hath sent to oiy lady Cansce, 
Tour exceUente doughter that la bete. 

" The Tertue of this ring, if ye wol here. 
Is this, that if hire list it for to were 
Upon hire tbombe, or in hire purse it liere, 
Tber is no foule that fieeth uoder heren, 
That she ne aba) wel underatond his steren. 
And know bit mening openly and plaine. 
And aniwere bim in his iangage again : 
And every gna that growelfa upon rote 
She shal eke know, and whom it wol do bote. 
All be his woundes Devi r » depe and wide. 

" Tlijs naked swerd, that bangeth by my side, 
Swiche TGitue hath, that what man that it smite, 
Thurghout his armure it wol kerve and bite. 
Were it as thicke as is a biuuncbed oke ; 
And what man that is wounded with the strolie 
Shal never be hole, til that you list of grace 
To stroken him with the platte in ihilke place 
Ther be ia hurt ; this is as much to aniti. 
Ye moten with tbe pkt e swerd again 
Sboken him in the wourid, and it wol close. 
This ia the veray solh wilhouten glose. 
It iailleth not, while it is in your bold." 

And whan this knight hatb thus his tale Mid, 
He rideth out of halle, and doun be light : 
His stedc, which that shone as Sonne bright, 
Stant in the court aa fttiUe as any ston. 
TliiB knight is to hia chambte ladde anon. 
And is unanned, and to the mete ysetle. 
Teliae presents ben ful richelich yfette, 
Tiui is to sain, the Bwerd and tlie mirrour, 
And borne anon into the liighe tour. 
With ceitain offlcera ordained tberfore j 

Solempnely, ther she sat at the table ; 

But nkerly, witboucen any fable. 

The hois of bras, that may not be remued ; 

It itant, as were to the ground yglued ; 

Ther may no man out of the place it drive 

For noD engine, of wiodas, or polive : 

And cause why, for they eon not tbe ctaft. 

And theifore in tbe place they ban it laft. 

Til that the knight bath taught hem the mancre 

To voiden him, aa ye shal after bere. 

Gret was the prees that iwarmed to and fro 
To gauren on this bois that stondetb so : 
For it so high was, and ao brod and long, 
80 wel propoitioned for 10 he atrong. 
Right as it were a stede of Lumbardie ; 
Therwith ao horsly, and so quik of eye. 
As it a gentil Folleis courser were 1 
For certes, fra his tayl unto bis ere 
Nature ne art ne coud him not amend 
In no degree, as all the peple wend. 

Bui evermore hir mosle wonder was. 
How that it coude gon, and was of bias; 

It was of &erie, u the peple Btased. 

IKverae folk divvreeiy han demed ; 

Aa many faede, u nuiny wittes ben. 

Thn murmuredi, S9 dolh a itiarme of been. 

And maden skilles after bir bnOaieii, 

Rehenjng of tlie olde poetriK, 

And aayd it w»i ylike the Pegasee, 

The hon that badde wingea for to flee. 

Or elLea il was the Grekes ban Sinon, 

That brou^ile Troye to dettructioii, 

Ab men moun in thise oldc ge«t«3 rede. 

'■ Min bejte," quod oa, "is evermore in drede, 
I trow som mm of annes ben Iherin, 
ITiat shapen hem this dtee for to win : 
It were right good that al awicbe thing were know.' 
Another rowtied to bit felaw low, 
And vyd, <' He Ueth, rw it is rather like 
An qiparence ymade by Bom magike. 
As jogeloura plain at IMk featea grete." 
Of aondiT dontei thus they jangle and ttcte, 
Aa lewed pq>le demea comunly 
Of tfaingea, thatbcn made more nibdlly 
Than they can in tdr lewedneaae comprehende, 
They demen gladly to the badder ende. 

AJid aata at hem woodred on the nufrour, 
lliat bom wai up in to the maiiter tdur, 
How men migbte in it awidie thingea aec* 

Another answered, and layd, " It might wel be 
Naturelly by compoaitiona 
Of aisles, and of slie refleclions i" 
And aalde that In Rome waa swiche on. 
Tbey apeke of Alhaien and Vitellon, 
And Aristotle, that writen in hir lives 
Of quriote mjrroura, and of prospectiTea, 
As knowen they, that ban hir bookca herd. 

And other ff^k han wondred on the swerd, 
That wolde percen thurghoul every thing : 
And fell in apeche of Telephus tbe king. 
And of Acbillea for his qudnle «pere, 
For he coude with it bathe hebi and dere, 
Bight in swicbc wise as men may with the swerd. 
Of which light now ye have youraelven herd. 
Ibey speken of aondry harding of metall. 
And spring of medicines therwitball, 
And how, and whan it shuld yhaided be, 
Which ia unknow algslea untu me. 

Tho speken they of Canacees ting, 
And nideo all, that swiche a wonder thing 
Of ciall of ringes herd they never non, 
Sare that he Moiaea and king Salomon 
Hadden a Dame of conning in iwiebe art. 
Thus aain tbe peple, and drawen hem apart. 

But natheles torn saiden that it was 
Wonder to maken of feme ashen glas. 
And yet is glas nought Uke oahen <rf'feme. 
But for tbey ban yknowen it bo feme, 
TMrt»n ceaeth hir jangling and hir wonder. 

Aa sore wondren som on cause of thonder. 
On ebbe and floud, on goasomer, and on miaC, 
And on all thing, til diiil the csum ia wist. 

lima janglen tbey, and demen and devise, 
TH that the Mug gan fro hia bord arise. 

I%ebus had) left the angle meridional, 
And yet ascending was the bea(« real. 
The gentil Leon, with his Aldtian, 
Wban that thia Tartre king, this Cambuaean, 
Roae from his bord, ther as he aat fill liie : 
Befome him goth the loudc minstialcie, 
Til he come to bis chambre of paretnents, 
Ther aa they lounden dims iustnunenia, 

That it ia like an beven for to bere. 

Now dauncen luaty Venua cbildiwi dera 

For in the Fisb hir lady aet ful-hie. 
And loketb on hem with a frendly eye. 
Thia noble king is set upon his trone ; 
"his straunge knight is fet to him fiji sane, 
ind on the daunce he goth with Canace. 
Here ia the revell and the jolitec, 
That U not able a dull man Co devise : 

nuat han knowen love and hia aervise. 
And ben a festlich nun, as fresh as May, 
Tiiat abulde you deviien swicbe array. 

Who coude tellen you the forme of dauncea 
o uncouth, and bo freahe contenaunces, 
wiche subtil lokinga and dissimulitigs, 
'or dred of jaloua mennea appen»iving9 ? 
lo nun but T«uncelot, and he is ded. 
Tberibre I passe over all this luatyhed, 
I say no more but in this jolinesse 
I lele hem, til men to the soupcr hem dresse. 

The ateward bit the apicea for to hie 
And eke the win, in all thia melodie ; 
Tbe usherB and the aquierie ben gon. 

They ete and drinke, and whan this had an end, 
'Into the temple, aa reson was, tbey wend : 
"he service don, tbey aoupen all by day. 
What nedeth you rehenen hir array ? 
Iche man wot wel, that at a kinges feat 
a plenlee, to the moat and to the lent. 
And deinteea mo than ben in my knowing. 

At after aouper gotb tliia noble king 
To Been tfais hOn of bms, with all a route 
Of lordea and of ladies him aboute. 
Swiche wondring was ther on this honi of bra^ 
That sin the gret assege of Troye was, 
Ther as men wondred on an hors also, 
S'e was ther swiche a wondring, as was tho. 
But finally the king asketh the knight 
Tbe vertue of this couiwr, and the might. 
And praied him to tell IBs govemaunce. 

This hoiB anon gan fur to trip and dauncs. 
Whan tlul tbe knight laid bond up on hia rein. 
And saide, " Sire, ther n'is no more to aain, 
whan you liat to riden any where, 

n trill a 

IB ere. 

Which 1 ghal tellen you belwiit 

Or to what contree that you list to ride. 

" And whan ye come ther as you list abide. 
Bid him descend, and trill another pin, 
(Fortherinlieth tbe effect of all the gin) 
And he wol doun descend and don your will. 
And in that place he wol abiden atill : 
Though al the world had the conrrary swoie, 
He ahal not thennes be drawe ne be bore. 
Or if you list to bid him Ibennea gon, 
Trille this pin. and he vrol vani^ anon 
Out of the sight of every maner wight, 
And come agen, be it by day or night, 
Whan that you list to clepen him agaip 
In swicbe a guise, aa I ahal to you sain 
Betwiien you and ate, and that ful sons. 
Ride whan you list, ther n'la no more to done." 

Enfourmed whan the king was of the knl^ 
And hath conceived in his wit aright 

ie maner and the forme of all tUs thing, 

il glad and blith, thia noble doughty long 
Repaireth to hia revel, aa befbme. 
The bridel ia in to tbe lour yhome; 


And kept ■moiif tax jeweb lefe and den : 
The ban vanisln, 1 n'ot in what nuiuere, 
Out of bir nglit, je get do more of ids : 
But thus I lele in liui and jolJtH 
71u9 Cuubuscan bis lordcs ffstoyingi 
HI tbM wf I nigh the daj began to spring. 

Hie uorice of digestion, tin slepe, 

Gan on hem winke, and bed bem taken kepe, 

TIuu mochcl drinke, and labour wol hare rest ; 

And iriih a galping mouth hem all he keat. 

And aid, " tbat it was time lo lie adoun. 

For blood vvs in bis domiDatioiui : 

Cberidietb blood, natures freod," quod be. 
Thej thanken him galping, b; two by Ibreu j 

And enxj wigbt gan dnwe liiai to bis rest, 

Ai ilepe hem bade, they tokc it for the best. 
Hir dremes thul not now be told for me ; 

Fill were hir heda of f lunoiitee, 

That cmuseth dreme, of which ther is no diarge. 

They slepen til that it was prime Urge, 

Tit mostf put, but it were Canace ; 

Sbe w» ful meaurable, as womeo be. 

For of hire Grtber had she take hire leye 
To gon to rest, sone after it was eie ; 
Hire liate not appalled for to be, 
Nor on the morwe unfestliche for to see i 
And slept hire firste slcpe. and than awoke. 
For swicbe ■ jaje she in hire berte toke 
Both of hire quaote ring, and of hire mimnir. 
Thai twenty time she cbaunged hire colour ; 
And in hin: slepe right for tlie imprenion 
Of hire mimnir dK had n vision. 
Vbcrfore, or that the Sonne gan up glide, 

Sbe clepetb upon hire maiatrene hire beside. 
And saide, tbat hire luste for to arise. 

TUie old women, tbn ben gladly wis^ 
As is Ure maistresse, answwed hire anon. 
And said ; " Madame, wbiidh- wol ye gou 
Tbus eriy ? for die folk ben all in reM." 

" I wol." quod ihe, " arisen (for me leat 
No taoget for to slepe) and walken aboute." 
Hire maJstrcaGe clepetb women • gret route. 
And up they riten, wel a ten or twelve ; 
Up riseth fr«she Canace bireaelTe. 
As rody and bright, as the yonge sonne, 
Tliat in Ifae Ram is foure degreee yronne ; 
No higher was he, whan she redy was ; 
And forth she walketb enly a paa. 
Anayed after tbe lusty stsun sot* 
Uginely fiH- to playe, and walken on fote, 
Kaigbi bat with Ets or sie of her meiDie; 
Atvl £d a trencbe forth in the park goth she. 

The vapour, which thai fro the ertbe glode, 
Haketfa the soniie to seme tod; and brode i 
Bui natfaeles, it was so faire a sight, 
TbM it made all hir hertes for to light. 
What fur Ihe sesoo, and tbe morweulng. 
And fcA- tbe foules that she herde sing. 
For right anoD she wiste what they ment 
Bight by bir song, and knew al hir anient. 
Tbe knottc, why tbat CTcry tale is lolde, 

If it 


Of bem, that ban it berkened after yore, 
Tbe aaTaDT paSKth erer lenger the moie, 
Pflr fbisumnene of tbe prolixitec ; 
And by thM nnw mon thinketh ma 

I ahuld unto tbe knotte eondescende, 
And maken of hire walking soae an ende. 
Amidde a tree for-dty, at white aa chalk, 

Ther sat a faucon over hire bed fill bie. 
Tbax wiih a pilous voii so gan to crie. 
That all the wood reiouned of hire cry. 
And beten had hireself so (Hlously 
With bothe hire winges, til the rede blood 
Ran endelong tbe tree, ther at she stood. 
And ever in an alway she cried and shri^il^ 
And with hire bek bireselven sbe no Iwigbt, 
That ther n'is tigre, ne no crtiel beet. 
Thai dwellech other in wood, or in foi«l. 
That n'olde han wept^ if that be wepen coude. 
For Borwe of hire, she shrigfat alway so loude. 

If that be coude a fisucon well docrive. 

That berde of iwiche another of fayreneaae 

As wel of plumage, as of genlileaae. 

Of shape, of all that migbt yrckencd be. 

A fiiucan peregrine semed she 

Of fremde lond, and ever as sbe Mood, 

She swouned now and now for lack of blood. 

Til wel ndgh is she fallen fro the tree. 

This iaire kinges dougbter Canace, 
That on hire finger bare tbe mtdnle ring, 
Thui^h whid) she understood wel every tUng 
That any foule may in Ins leden sain. 
And coude answeie him in hii leden again. 
Hath underslonden what tbU jitucon aeyi. 
And wel ndgh for tbe routbe ahnoet she deyd : 
And to the tree she goth fill hanily. 
And on this ftucon Toketb pitoualy. 
And held hire 1^ ibrode, for wel she wiu 
Hie faucon musle fiillen from the twitt 
Wban that she swouned neit, for &ute of blood. 

longe wliile to waiten hire abQ at 

HI at 


Unto the hauk, as ye sbul after here. 

" What is tbe cause, if it he for to tell. 
That ye ben in tbis furial peine of hell ?" 
Quod Canace imto this hauk above ; 

'e of deth. or losse of love? . 


Tbat CBuaen most • gentil berte wo. 

Of other haime it nedeth not lo spekc. 

For ye yourself upon yourself awreke. 

Which preveth wel, that other ire or dreda 

Mote ben encheson of your cruel dede. 

Sin that I se non other wight you chace. 

For the love of God. as doth jourselveo gmOB; 

Or what may be your beipe ? for weM ne est 

Ne saw I never er now no brid ne best. 

That ferde with himself so pitously. 

Ye ale me wiih your sorwe veraily, 

I baie of you so gret compassioun. 

For Goddes love come &o the tree adonn ; 

And as I am a kinges dougbter trewe. 

If that I veraily tbe causes knewe 

Of your disese, if it lay in my might. 

1 wold amend it, or that it were night. 

As wisly help me Ihe gret God of kind. 

And heibes shal I ri^t ynou^ yfind. 

To elen with your buitea hastily." 

Tbo ehright tins fimcon yet more pitously 
Than ever ^e did, and fell to ground anoo, 
And lith aawoune. as ded aa liih a Mou, 
Til Canace hatb in hire lappe hire lake. 
Unto that time aha gan of iwoune awake ; 

And ifier that ihe out of ivouiw dnvide, 
Aigbt in hire haukes leden thus Bhe nydx. 
" That pitee renneih wne in gratil herte 
(Feljng bii umilitude in peiius unerte) 
la proved iille day, at men nuy see, 
As wel bj weriLe aa by auctoriteet 
For gentil heite kiclieth gentillesie. 
I Ke we], that ye have on my diatjcue 
Compassion, my faire Canace, 
Of veray womanly benigniwe. 
That nature in your principles bath set 
But for Don hope lor to fare the bet, 
But fur to obey unto your herte free. 
And for to maken other yware by me, 
Ab by the whelpe chiatioed is the leon, 
Right for that cauae and that conclusion. 
While that I have a leiser and a space, 
Min hanoe I wol coofessen er I pace." 



That other wept, a: 

HI that the faucon bad hire to be still, 

And with a ake right thua she said hire tilt. 

" Ther I was bred, :slas that iike day I ) 
And fostred in a rw^ of marble gray 

what n 

! fu! high under the ikie. 

" Tho dwelled a ten^elet me faste by, 
Ihal Bemed welle of olle gentillesse, 
Al were be ful of trvson and fajwnesw. 
It was so wrapped under bumble cherc, 
And under hew of tn>uth in swiche msnere. 
Under pletance, and under besy peine. 
That no wight coud have wend he coude leine, 
So depe in greyn he died his coloures. 
Right as a serpent hideth him under floures, 
Til he may see tui time for to bite i 
Right so this god of loves hypooite 
Doth BO his ceremonieB and obeisance, 
And kepeth in semblaunt alle hts obeervi 
That souneth unto gentillnesse of loie. 
Ab on a^tomhe is all the foire above, 
And under is Che corps, swiche as ye wote; 
Swiche was this hypocrite both cold and hotc^ 
And in this wite be aerved his entent. 
That, save the fend, non wiste what he meat : 
TU he BO long had weped and complained, 
Atld many a yere hi« service to me &ined) 
Till that min herte, to pilous and to nice, 
Al innocent of his crowned malice, 
For-fered of his deth, as thoughte me. 
Upon bis othes and his seuretee, 
Grounted him love, on this conditioun, 
Tbat evermo min honour and renoun 
Were saved, botbe privee and apert ; 
Thil is to uy, that, after his desert, 
1 yave him all min herte and all my though^ 
(God wote, and he, that other wayea nought) 
And lolte his herte in chounge of min for ay. 
But Bodk is Boid, goo flithen is many a day, 
A trewe wight and a thecf thinken not on. 

■■ And whan be saw the thing bo fer ygou, 
That I had granted him fiiUy my love. 
In swiche a guise as 1 have sud above. 
And yeven him my trewe herte as free 
As he swore tliat he yaf his herte to me. 
Anon this tigre, ful of doubleneaae, 
Fell on his knees with bo gret humblesse, 
With so high reverence, as by his chen. 
So like a gnitil lover of nnnere, 

Sn Lamech was, that alderflnt began 
To loven two, as writen folk befome, 
Ne never sitben the firat man was home, 
He coude man by twenty thousand part 

It pfHnt deviae. 

Ne were worthy to unbode his galocbe, 
Ther duublenesse of faining shuld approcbe, 
Ne coude bo thanke a wight, OB he did me. 

So painted he and kempt, at 
As wcl his wordes, oi ' * 
And I BO loved him for his obeisance. 
And for tbe trouthe I demed in his herte. 
That if BO were that any thing him smerte, 
Al were it never so lite, and 1 it wist, 
Me thought I felt deth at myn herte twinl^ 
And shortly, so feiforth this thing is went. 
That my will was bis willea instrument ; 
Tliis ia to Bay, my will obcied bis will 

n fill, 
Keping tbe boundes of my worBhip 
Ne never had I thing so left, ne le 
As him, God wot, ne never ibal nt 
" This lasteth tenger than a yere 
That T supposed of iiim nought but good. 
But finally, thus at the last it stood. 
That fortune wolde that he muste tw 
Out of that place, wbi< 


lo quesi 

make of it description. 
For o thing dare I tellen boldely, 
I know w^ is the peine of deth thetby, 
Swiche harme I felt, for be ne might bylem. 

" So on a day of me he toke his leve, 
So sorwelul eke, that 1 wend veraily. 
That he had felt as mochel harme as I, 
Whan that I herd him speke, and sawe his hewe. 
But nathelea, I thought be was so trewe. 
And dte that he ivpaiien shuld again 
Within a litel while. Both to sain. 
And reson wold eke that he muste go 
For his honour, as often happeth so, 
lliat I made vertue of uecessitee. 
And toke it wel, na that it muste be. 
Ab I best might, I hid fro him my sorwe, 
And toke him by the bond, Seint John to borwe. 
And said him thus ; ' Lo, I am youies all, 
Beth swiche as I have ben to you and sfaalL' 
What he answcrd, it 


Whan he hath al w 
Therfore behoveth 
That shol ete with . 

" So at the last he muste forth his way. 
And forth he Reeth, til he come ther him lest. 
Whan it came him to purpoa for to r«at, 
I trow that he had tbiike text in mind. 
That alle thing repairing to tus kind 
Gladeth himself ; thus sain men as I gesse : 
Men loven of propre kind newefangelnease. 
As briddea don, tliat men in cages ^de. 
For though thou night and day uke of hem bode. 
And sDvv hir cage tfoire and aoA as silke. 
And give hem Bugre, hony, bred, and milke. 
Yet right anon ai that his dore Is up, 
H* wilb his tttt wol ^uman douD his cupi 


And to the wood be wol, tad wocma ete ; 
So nrwc&ngel ben tbej <it hir mete, 
And loren Dovelteea of pnpre kind ; 
No gentiUefloe of blood zw may item bind, 

" 3d ferd thii tercdet, alu the day ! 
TlDugh he were geotil borne, uid tnah, and gvf, 
And good]; for to eecn, and humble, and ft«^ 

He I 


And aodent J be lored thii kite ao. 
That all him loi« ia dene Era me ago : 
And batfa tu mnittae Uoed in this wiie. 
Thus bath the kite mj love in hir* aerTice, 
And I am lorn withoutcn remedy, " 

And with that word this fiuictin gan to ciy. 
And (wounetfa eft in Canaceei baime. 
Givt waa the HH-we tor that tiaukea harmc, 
Tint Canace and all hire women made ; 
Tbe; n'isten bow they might tbe liuicon glade. 
Dot Caoace bom bereth hire ia bin lap, 
And soAdy in plannc gan hire wrap, 
Tho- aa ibe with hire bek lud hurt hueaelTe. 

Now cannot Canace but berba delve 
Out of tlie grotind, and ntaken aalvea newe 
Of bolica preoous and fine of liewe. 
To bden with thii hauk ; fro dfty to night 
Sbe doth biic beaintji, and all hire might. 
And liy hiiv beddev bed ihe made a mew. 
And covered it with veloueCtee blew. 
In lagoe of trouth, that ii in woman aene ; 
And all without tbe mew i« peinted grene. 
In whKh were peiuted all tliiw Use foulo, 
Aa ben ttuK ti^ei, tercelettei, and owie* ; 
And piea, on hem for to cry and chide, 
Bigfat for deapil were printed hem beride. 

Thiu letf I Canace hire hauk kepiug. 
I ml no more aa now ipeke of bin ring, 
Til it come eft to purpoa tor to Min, 
How that thb bucon gat hire love again 
Repentant, aa tbe story telleth ua, 
By mediation of Camballiu 
Tbe kingea sone, of which that I you fold- 
But iiBinesforth 1 wol my proceMe hold 
Tospeke of aveniures, and of bataillee, 
Tbrt yet w«a never herd >o gret merrailles. 

Fint wol I leilen yuu of Cambuacan, 
Tbal in his time many ■ dtee wan : 
And after wot I ipeke of Algainf, 
How that be wan Tlieodarm to bi« wif. 
For whom ful ofl in gret peril he wao, 
Xe iiad be ben holpen by tbe hon of braa. 
And after wol I ipeke of CambaUo, 
That fought in liites with the brethren two 
For Canace, er that he might hire winne. 
And tfaer I left 1 wol again beginne. 


All fiiwla are gathered befinv nature on S. Valen- 
tine* day, to chuie tbeir makes. A foimell eagle, 
being bclov'd of three terceli, requireth a yean 
reapile to uttke ber choice : upon Ibis trial, ^i 
bw aime tard aublk i he that lovetli welt, ii slow 

Tn lyfe so abctt, tfaa cnft so long to Itme, 

lite dreadfiil joy, alway that fiit so yim^ 
All tbia mean 1 by Lore, that my fteling 
Astooieth with his wonderful wokyng, 
8o sore I wit, that whan I on him think. 
Naught wete I wel, whether I flete or sink. 

For all be that I know not Love in dedc, 
Ne wot bow that he quiteth folke hir hire. 
Yet happeth me full oA in bookes rede 
Of his myrades, and of hi* crucU ire, 
There rede I well, he wol be lorde and lire : 
I dare not say his Btrokeo be sore. 
But God aave loch a lorde, I can no more. 

Of viage, what for lust and what for lore. 

On bookes rede I of, as I you told. 

But wherfore speake I all this ? naught yora 

Agon, it happed me to behold 

Upon a booke was iwritten with letten old. 

And therevpon a certun thing lo leme. 

The long day, full fast J radde and yenie. 

For out of the old fieldes, aa men suth, 
Commeth >1 this new eome fro yere to yere. 
And out of old bookes, in good faith, 
Conuneth all this new sdenoe that mat lera, 
But now lo purpose, as of this mattere. 
To rede forth it gan me so delite. 
That all that day, ma (bought it but a lite. 

TliiB booke of which I Tnake mencion. 
Entitled wu right thus, an I shall tell, 
Tullius, of Ihe dreame of Sdpion : 
Chapiters seven it had, of heaven and hell. 
And yeartb, and soules that therein dwell. 
Of which as shortly ss I can it treate, 
Of his seatence I woU you ssine the greate. 

Fust telleth it, whan Scipion was eome 
In Affricke, bow he meteth Mcaainisse, 
That him for joy, in ormea bath inome, 
Than telleth he ber speach and all Ihe bb'sse. 
That was betwixt hem til Ihe day gsn mine. 
And bow his auncester AffKkan to dere, 
Gan in hi* slepe that night tit him appere. 

Than telleth it, that from a sterrie place. 
How ASnkan bath him Canage shewed. 
And warned him before of all hi< grace. 
And said him, what man lered eytber leude. 
That loveth common profile well itbeude. 
He should into a blisfiill place wend, 
Tlwre aa the joy i* without any end. 

Than asked he, if fbike that here been dede 
Have lite, and dwelling in another place? 

And AffHkan Mid Ye, without any drede, 
And how our preH:nt lives space, 
Ment but a msner death, what way we trace. 
And rightfull fulfce, diull gan after they die 
To heaven, and shewed him the GaUxie. 

Than shewed he him, the little Yerth that beie i* 
To regard of the Heavens quintile. 
And after shewed be faym the nine speiis. 
And after that the melodie beard he. 
That commeth oTthilke speies tbiise three. 
That Welles of musicke been and melodie 
In this wmld here, and cauat of armome. 

4S CH, 

Than aaid he him, wdb 'EtrA was to lite 
Aud full of tounnent, uid of bald gnce. 
That be ne ahould him in thii world delite : 
Than told he him, in certaJD jen» space, 
That every Metre should come into his place. 
There it hbs Gist, and all should out of mind. 
That in this world is done of all TM»t-iT»l 

Than prated him Scipion, to tell him all 
The way to come into that Heaven blisie, 
And he said : " Einrt know thy selfe immmtall. 
And loke sie busely, tbst thou werche and wine, 
To common profile, and thou shalt not misBe 
To come swiftly vnto thsl place dere, 
IlkBt ftill of bhsse is, and of soulea dere, 

'■ And brealten of the law, soth to saine. 
And likerous folke, after that they been dede. 
Shall whirle about the world, alway in peine 
Till many a world be passed out of drede. 
And than JtHyeTen all hir wicked dede. 
Than afaullen they come to that blisfuU place. 
To which to comen, Ood send thee grace." 

TIk day gan fallen, and the darke nigbl. 
That revetfa beoita &om bir businesses 
Beraft me my boiA for lacke of light. 
And to my bedde I gan me for to dresae. 
Fulfilled of thought and busie heauinase. 
For both I bad thyng, which that I nold. 
And eke 1 ne had that thing that I widd. 

But finally my gpirite at last. 
For weary of my labour all that day, 
Toidce rest, that made me to Uepe fta^ 
And in my sleepe 1 met, so that I say. 
How Afinkan, light in the selfe any 
That Scipion him saw, before that tide, 
Was come, and stode right at my beds side. 

The wood ayen his lund goeCh anone. 

The judge dremeth, bow his plees be spedde. 

The carter dremeth, how his cartes gone. 

The rich of gold, the knight fight with his fone. 

The acke'mecte he drinketh of the tonne. 

The lorer mette he hath hia lady wonne. 

Can I not saine, if that the cause were, 

For I had radde of AffHkan befome. 

That made me to mete that he stood tbere, 

But thus said he ; " Thou bast thee so wel borne 

In looking of mine old booke all to tome. 

Of which Macmbie raugfat not a lil^ 

That some dele of thy labour would I quit&" 

Cithern, thou blisful lady swete. 

That with thy fire brond, daunteat whan the lest 

Hiat madest me this sweren for to mete. 

Be thou my helpe in this, for thou nuist beat. 

As wisely as I sdgb the north northwest, 

Whan I began my sweven for to write. 

So yere me might to rime it and endite* 

Tins afbresaid AAikan me ben( anone. 
And forthwith him to a gate brought. 
Right of a parke, walled with grene stone. 
And over the gate, with letters lerge iwrought. 
There wate TBne ywritten as me thought 
On either balfc, of full great diB«rence, 
or which I shall you say the playne sentence : 

" Through me men gon into dw blisful place 
Of faertea beale and dedly wounda cure. 
Through me men gon into the weU of grace. 
There grene and luaty May shall ever endure. 
This is the way to all good auenture. 
Be glad thou reader, ^ thy aorow offcast. 
All open am I, pane in and spede (hec &sL" 

'■ Through me men gon " (than tptke the other 
" Unto the mortall gtiokea of the speare, [side) 

Of which disdainB and danger is the gide. 
There never tree shall ftuit ne leaves beare. 
This streme you ledetb to the sorowful were. 
There as the Rsh in pryson ii all dry. 
The eschewing is onely the remedy." 

These verses of gold and asure ywritten wearei 

Of which 1 gan astonied to bebold. 

For with that one encreased oU mj) tmn. 

And with that other gan my herte to Ixdd, 

That one me het, diat other did me cold, 

No wit had 1 for errour for to chesc^ 

To enter or Aie, or me to save or lese. 

Right as betwene adamants two, 
or even wdght, a peace of jntn set 
Ne hath no might to move to ne fto. 
For what that one may bale that other let. 
So fared I, that J nist where me was b«c 
To entre or leave, till ASrtkan my gide. 
Me bent and shove in at the gales wide. 

And said, " It itandetb written in thy tmee, 
Hilne errour, though thou tell it not me. 
But dread tliee not to come into this place. 
For this writing is nothing meant by thee, 
Ne by none, but he Loves servaunt bee. 
For thou of love host lost thy last I gesse. 
As sicke man hath, of swete and bittemesse. 

'■ But natbdcB, although thou be dull, 
lliat thou canst not doe, yet mayst tbou let. 
For many a man that may not Wand a pull. 
Yet liketh it him at the wrestlyng for to be. 
And demeth yet, whether be doe bet, or he. 
And if thou haddeet connyng for tendite, 
I shall thee shew matter of to write." 

And with that my hand in his he toke anon. 
Of which I comfort caught, and went in bst. 
But Lonl so I was glad, and well b^on. 
For oucr all, where I mine iyen cast. 
Were trees clad with leaues, that lue shal but 
Ecfae in bis kind, with colour ftiah and grene. 
As emeiaude, that joy it was to seoe. 

The bilder oke, and eke the hardy asshe. 
The piller elme, the coSre vnto caraine. 
The boie pipe tree, holme to whips laashe, 
The SBJiing 6rre, the dpres death to plaine. 
The shooter ewe, the aspe for shafles plaine. 
The oliue of peace, and eke the dronken vine. 
The victor palme, the laurer to diuine. 

A garddn saw I, full of bloaamed bowii, 
Upon a rirer, in a grene mede. 

With floures white, blewe, yelowe, and red. 
And cold Welle streames, nothing dede. 
Thai swommen ftill of smale fishc* light. 
With Bnnm redv, and scales silver bright. 


On emy bough the biidea beui I sng, 

WBii Toicv of angell, in bir ajmoniCt 

Thai busied bem, hii bu-dea forth to bring, 

Tbt little preltj cooica to hir plaj gmn Me, 

Ani further all about I gan eHpiCf 

The dredful roe. the buck, the hut, and hind, 

B i juiii e h , and beaitt Bmall, of gentle kind. 

Of instrnmeuts (^ Mringei in accord, 
Hcwd I so pla;, a raTiihing iwetneaie, 
Thai God, thM maker U of all and Lorde, 
Ht beard nerer better, as I gene, 
Therewith a wind, unnath it might be lene, 
Made in tbe leaTes grene a noise soft, 
Aecoidanl to the fiKiles song on loft. 

llie ain of tbe place M> attempre wa> 

That nercr wsa tber gmiauce of hot ne cold. 

Then 'waa eke erery bolume ipice and giaa, 

Tet was there more joj o thousand fold, 
Tlao I can tell or ever could or might, 
Tliav ia eim- clere da;, and neret night. 

UadB- a ti«e, beaide a well I sej 

Cnpide our lorde, his aiTOwra forgt and file, 

Ai^ at hi* feete his bowe alread; lay, 

And weH hi* doughto tempred all llw while 

The beddea in tbe well, with her wile 

Sbe coo ch ed hem after, a* tbejr'ehould serra 

s anon right. 
And of Array, Lust, Beauty, and Curtesie, 
And of tlM Craft, that can hath the nu^ 
To doBie by force, a wight to done fblie : 
Dirfgured wh she, I will not lie. 
And by h imseW e, rader an oke I gexn, 
Sawe I IMite, that stood with Gentlenesae. 

Than law I Beanty, widi a nice attire. 
And Youth, full of game and jolilee, 
Poole Hardineaie, Platterie, and Desire, 
Mwwgrrii^ Hede, and other three, 
Hir Danes ihall mt hoe be told for me, 
And Tpon {rillen great of jasper long, 
I mtn a temple of inrasBe ilbunded strong. 

And about tbe temple dauneed alway 
WooMtt inow, of which some there were 
Pan trf* bonseif, and some of hem were gay, 
la kirtila all disbeueled went they there, 
HM wa* Itair office euer, fro yere to yere, 
And oo tbe temide, taw I white and folrt^ 
Of dmes attting many a tboimnd paire. 

And before tbe temple doore full soberly, 
DauK Pew lat, a curtaine in her bonde. 
And her beode wmider disctetly, 
DaiDc Pacienct^ sitting there I fonde, 
Whh bee pale, Tpon an hill of wmde, 
Aad ahho- next, within and without, 
Btbat and Arte, and of her foike a rout. 

I euery berte for to bren, 
Ornewe flambe, and well eapicd I then, 
TiMlall (becaaacofarnvwca, thattbeydrie, 
CoMc of (b> btltcr goddcaa Jaloiuir. 

The god Priapu*. nw I a* I went 
Withm the temple, in souerain place Blond, 
In such array, as whan the aste him ihent 
With crie by night, and with sceptre in bond. 
Full busilie men gan assay and fond, 
Upon bis hedde to »t of sondrie hewe, 
Oiilandes ftill of fireshe flouiea newe. 

And in a priuie comer, in disport 
Pound I Venus, and her porter Richesse, 

That was lull noble, and baut«i of her port, 
Darke was that place, but after lightnesae 
I sawe a lite, Tnnethes, it might be lesae. 
And DD a bed of gotde «he lay to rest, 
nil that the bote Sonne gan to wen. 

Her gilte beeres, with a gold threde 
Ibound were, vnttessed ai abe lay. 
And naked ftvm the bmt vnio the hede. 
Men might her see, and sothly for to mj, 
Tbe remnaunt, couered well to my pay. 
Right with a little kercbefe of Valence, 
There wm no tMdier clothe of defence. 

Tlie place gaue a thousand sauours soote. 
And Bacchus god of wine sate her beside, 
And Ceres neit, that doeth of hunger boote. 
And as I said, a middes lay Cupidc, 
To whom on knees, tbe yong folkee cride. 
To be thdr helpe, but thus I let her lie. 
And farther in tlw temple I gan cspie. 

That in dispite of Diane the chaste. 

Full many a bowe ibroke hing on the wall, 

Of maidens, such as gone hir (imes waste 

In her seruice ; and painted ouer all, 

Of many a Etoiie, of which I touch aball 

A fewe, as of Caliite, and Athalant, 

And many a majd, of which the name I want. 

Semyramua, Candace, and Herctdes, 
Biblis, Dido, Tube, and I^ramua, 
Tristram, Isoude, Paris, and Achillea 
Helaine, Cleopatre, and IVoilus, 
Sylla, and eke tbe mother of Romulus, 
All these were psynted on that other ^e. 
And all bir loue, and io what pUte they dide. 

Whan I waa conunen ayen tnto the place 
That I of spake, that was so soote and grene. 
Forth walked I tho, my seluen to solace, 
11u> waa I wan^ where there sate a queue, 
That as of light, the mmroer Sunne sheue 
Paaaeth tbe sterre, right so ouer measure. 
She Urer was than any creature. 

And in a latuid, vpon an hill of floures. 
Was let this noble goddesse Nature, 
or branches were her balles and her boures 
Iwrought, after her craft and her measure, 
Ne thoe iiaa foul, that cometh of engendrur^ 
That there ne were prest, in her presence. 
To take tur dome, and yeue hir audience. 

For this was on sainct Valentines day. 
Whan euery foul cometh to chese hit make, 
or euery kind, that men thinke may. 
And that so huge a noise gan they make, 
That yearth, sea, and tree, and euery lake. 
So full waa, that vnncth there was space 
For me (o aland, so tliil was all the place. 

And right ai Alaine, Id the plaint of kind, 
Deui^eth Nature, of aiich araie and face. 
Id Boche aray, men miglit her Uiere fijid. 
This n(4ile empresse, full of all grace, 
Bad euery foulc take liir ownc |ilnce, 
As Ibey were ivont nlway, fro ycre to yere, 
On aainct Valentines day, atondcn tberc. 

That ii to nay, the fuulea of nuinc 

Were highest act, ond tlisn the fuulea smalts 

That eaten, as that nature would encline. 

As worme or thing, of wliich 1 tell no tale. 

But water foute sat lowest in the dale. 

And foules that liueth by seed sat un the grene, 

And that so many, that wonder was to bene. 

Tliere might men the royall egle find. 

That with hia sharpc looke pereetb the Mn, 

And other egles of a lower kind, 

Of which that clerkes well deuisen con, 

There was the tjTont witli Jiis futlien don, 

And grene, I mean the go^haukc that duih pine 

To birdea, for his outnigiaus rauine. 

Tlie gentle faucon, that with hia fete distteineth 
The kings hand, the hardy sperhauke eke, 
Tlie quales foe, Che merlion that peincth 
Himself full oft the larke for ui seke, 
There was the done, with lier iyen meke. 
Hie jelous swan, ayenst his deth that singeth. 
The oul Ae, that of dcth the bode briog^ 

The crane, the geanl, with his tramps soune. 
The theif the chough, and the cbattHng pie, 
The scotning jaie, die elca foe the heroune. 
The false lapwing, (ull of trecberie. 
The stare, that the counsaile can bewrie. 
The lame ruddocke, and the coward kite, 
The cocke, that horiloge is of thropea lite. 

The «parow Venus BoO, and the nightingale 
'Hut cleapeth forth the Onah leaues new. 
The Bwalow, murdrer of the bees amale, 
'ITiat maken honle of flourea fresh of hew, 
Tiie wedded turteil, with his herte true, 
Tlie pecocke, with his angel felhers bright, 
The fesaunt, scorner of the cocke by night. 

The waker gose, the cuckowe eucr vnkind. 

The popingeie, full of delicasie, 

The dnike, itniier of his onne kind, 

Tlie storke, wreker of aduoutiie. 

Hie hate comieraunt, ful of glotioiie. 

The rauin and the crowe, with her Toyce of care. 

The trostell old, and tbc froalie feldfare^ 

What should I say of fouls of euery kind, 

Tlist in Ibis world haue Tethers and stature. 
Men might in that place assembled find, 
Before that noble goddess of Nature, 
And eche uf Ihem did his busie cure, 
Benignely to chesc, or for to take 
By her accords, bis formdl or bis make. 

But to the poind. Nature held on her bond, 
A tbrmell egle, of shape the gentUIest, 
That eaer she among her workes fond. 
The most benigne, and eke the goodliest. 
In her was eueiy verloe, at his rest 
So fartbith, that Nstun: iier aelfe had bliaae. 
To looke on her, and oft her beeke to kiue. 

Nature, the vicare of the atmightie Lord, 

That hote, colde, heme, light, moist, and drie. 

Hath knit, by euen number of acconl. 

In easie vcnce, began to speake and say, 

" Foules take liede of iriy sentence I pray. 

And for your own ease, in fordring of your need. 

As iaat as I may speak, I will me speed. 

'■ Ye know wei, how on S. Valentines day. 
By my statute, and through my goiiemonte. 
Ye doe cliese your makes, and after flie away 

But nslhclesse, as by ligbtfull ordluaunce. 
May 1 not let, for all this world to win, 
But he that most wortliiest is, shall begin. 

The wise and woi 

as ye know full w 
.one you all in de: 

n euL'ry parte, as it beat liket)i mce, 
t nedelli not hia sliape you to devise, 

, and ipcaken in his gise. 

He shall first chci 

" And alter him, by order shall ye cheae. 
After your kind, eucHch as you liketli. 
And as your hap is, shall ye win or lose. 
But which of you, that loue most cntriketh, 
God sende him licr, tliat sorest for him nketb :" 
And tlierewithal], the tercel] gan she call. 
And said, " My soonc Ihe choiso is to thee fall. 

" But natbclcsse, in thia condidoil 

Muat be the choice, of eueriche that is Itere, 

That she agree (o Iiis clccllon. 

Who so he be, that should been her fere. 

This is our vsage alway, fro yerv to yere. 

And who so may at this time haue his grace. 

In blisfuU time he came into thia place." 

With bed enclined, and with ful humble cbere. 
This roial tercell afiake, and taried nought, 
" Unto my soueiaine lady, and not my fere, 
I clKMe and chese, with will, hcite, and thought, 
Tim fonnell on your hand, so wel iwroughc. 
Whose I am all, and euer will hiT aenie. 
Doe what her luste, to doe me liue or stenie. 

" Besechyng her of mercy, and of grace. 

As she that is my ladie sovcrain. 

Or let me die here present in this place. 

For certes long may I not liue in pain. 

For in my herte is coruen euery vain, 

Hauing regard onely to my trouth. 

My dere herte, haue on my wo some roulh. 

" And if I be found to her »ntrue, 
Disobeiaaunt, or wilfull negligent, 
Auauntour, or in processe loue a newe, 
1 piay to you this be my judgement. 
That with these foules I be all to rent. 
That like day that she me eucr find 
To her mtrue, or in my gilte vnkind. 

•■ And sith Chat none louetb ber so well ai I, 
Although sbe neuer of toue me bchet, 
Tlian ought ^e be mine through her mercy, 
For other bonde can I none on her knet : 
For weU nor wo neucr shaU I let 
To seruc her, how farre so thai she wende. 
Say what you lict, my talc is at an eudu." 


Righl u tbe Trah ivdde row newe, 

Against the sommer Sunne coloured i^ 

Right » for shsme bU waxen gso tbe hewe 

Of this formetl, wban she bonl ill thii, 

N'dLher she answerde Hell, ne said amisr 

So lore atxHbed ma ahe, till tltat Nature 

Said, " Dou^iler drede jfou uoty I jou aanire." 

Aoother tercell egle spake uion, 
Of lower kind, and laid " That should not be, 
1 kue hcT better than jre doe, b; saioct John, 
Ot at the least 1 loue her as well ai je, 
And lengcr haue senied her in my d^ree. 
And if ibe should haue loued for long louiag, 
To me alocie had be the guerdoaing. 

<• I dare eke atj, if she me finde ialie, 
Unkind Janvier, or rebel! in any wiw, 
Or jdotia, doe me bang by the iialsc. 
And but I beare me iit her seruisc . 

Tbe thini tercell egle asswerde tho, 
" Now srs, ye see the little leaser here. 
For euery fbule crieth out to be ago 
Forth aritb his make, or with his Udy dere : 
And eke Nature her self ne will not here 
Fer taiying ber, not half that I would sey. 
Aid but I ipeake, I must fur sorrow dey. 

Jt 1 n 

ae to die to day. 

" Of long sendee 
But as ponible is me to dje to day. 
Foe wo, as he that halh be langmshing 
This twentjr winter, and wel it happen : 

In li«lf a year, although it wi 


in doth, that hath serred fiill yore. 

" I oe say not thi* by me, for I ne can 
Do DO SETlice that may my lady pleose. 
But I date aay, I am her Crewest man, 
Ai to my dome, and fainest wold bet pteaie': 
At short wordes, till that dcsth me cease, 
I wiU be bers, whether I wake or winke, 
And trewe in all that herte may belhinke." 

Of al ni7 life s'th that da; I was borne, 

So gentle plee in love or other thing, 

Xe hade nerer no man me befome, 

Who so that bad loser and conning 

For to leheane their cbere, and their speaking, 

And from the morrow gan this ipech lut, 

TU doiKDwanl went the Sunne wonder bat. 

The noyve of fbtdea for to be deliverd, 

So Idim^ rang, " Hsre don and let vs wend." 

Tint well weend I, tbe wood had al to shiverd : 

" Conw off," they cryd, " alas, ye will us abend, 

Whao Gfaal your cuned pleding have an end. 

How should a judge either party leue, 

F« ye or nay, nilhout any preue 7" 

The goos, the duck, and the cuckow also, 

So cried " Keke, keke, Cuckow, Quekequeke hie,' 

Through mine earea tbe nmse went tho. 

The gooa said than, " Al this nys worth a flie. 

But T cmn shape hereof a remedie. 

And irill say my Terdjte, faire and swilhe, 

For water foule, wbmo be wroth or blilbe." 

" And I for wonn fixile," nid the fole cuckow 

" For I will of mine own aulborite. 

For common spede, lake on me the ctiarge now, 

For lo deliver us, it is great charile." 

" Ye may abide a while, yet perde," 

Quod the turtel, " if it be your will, 

A wight may speak, it were as good be still. 

" I am a sede foule, one tbe vnwoithieat, 

That wote I weU, and leest of conning. 

But better is that a wights ton^^e rest. 

Than entrenietc him of such doing 

Of which he neither rede can nor sing, 

And who so it doth, full foule himself acloyeth. 

For office vncoDunitled oft aonayeth." 

Nature, which that alway had an ears, 

To murmure of the leirdenease behind. 

With bcond voice said, " Hold your tongues ther 

And I shall Boone, I hope, a counsule find. 

You for to deliver, and fio this noyse unbind ; 

I charge of cuery flock ye shiUI one call. 

To say the verditeof you foule* all." 

Asaented were to this conclusion, 

Tbe birdes at) : and fbules of ravine 

Have chosen first by plaine election. 

The tercelet of the taucon to define 

All bir sentence, and ss bim lust to termine. 

And to Nature him they did present, 

And tbe accepttth bim with glad entent. 

The tercelet said than in this manere, 
" F'ull hard it were lo preve it by reason. 
Who loueth best this gentle formetl her^ 
For eveiich bath such repUcatioun, 
That by skils may none be brought adoun, 
1 cannot see tiiat ailments avadle. 
Than seemeth it there must be battaile. " 

" All ready," quod these eagle tercels tho : 

" Nay sirs," quod he, " if that I durst it say. 

Ye do me wrong, my tale is not ydo : 

For sirs, taketh nat a greefe I pray. 

It may not be as ye would, in this way, 

OuiB is tiie voice, that have the chai);e in hand. 

And to the judges dome ye muat stand. 

" And therefore peace I say, as to my wit, 
Me would thinke, how that the worthiest 
Of knighthood, and lengest had vsed it. 
Most of estate, of blood the gentillcst, 
Were fitting for her, if that her lest. 
And of these three, she wole her selfe I trow 
Which that be be, for it is light to know." 

The water foules have their beads laid 

Togider, and of short aviaement, 
Wban everiche had this verdite said. 
They said sootbly all by one assent. 
How tliat the gooa, with the facond genl. 
That so desireth to pronounce our nede, 
Shal tel her tale, and praid to Ood her spede. 

And for these water foules tho began 
The goose to speake. and in her cakcting, 
She said, ■■ Peace now, take keep every man, 
And herken which a reason I shall forth bring, - 
My witte 19 sharpe, 1 love no tarrying, 
I say I rede him, tlio he were my brother, 
But she will love him, let him tovc aiio&er." 
E 3 

53 C 

" ho here B parflte naton of ■ gaou," 
^od the sperhauke, " neuer mote iha tbee, 
1/0 fuch ■ thing it is to hxTe ft tongue low : 
I^Dw porde foole, yet were it better for tbea 
Hkue beld thj peace, tlum ahewd tby mcet«, 
It lietb nat in his wit, nor in hi> will, 
3tit sooth is mid, > fool caonot b« still. " 

The laughter aroae of gentin foulesall, 
And right anone the seed fbulei cho*ea bad 
The turtle true, and gan ber to hem call, 
And placed her to say the sooth sad 
Of thii matter, and asked what she rad ? 
And gbe aniwerd, that plainly hs- entait 
^he would iheWt and sootiily what she meat. 

The turtle said (and wei for 
1 Though that bis bdy eraioore be stnunge, 
Tet let him serre her alvay, till he be deed, 
Forsoqth, I praise nut the gooses reed. 
For tbo she died, I would none other make, 
J will be hen, till tlmt the death me take." 

♦' Well jbourded," ^uod the duck, " by my hM> 

That men should love alway causelesse. 

Who can a reasqn find, of wit in that, 

Daunceth he merry that is mirthlesiie. 

Who should recke of that is relchtesee, 

Te qu^e yet," quod the duck, " full well and &ir, 

lliate be mg (terret in the skje tliaii a pair." 

" Now fle cbtirle," quod the gentle tercelet, 

" Out of the dunghill came that word aright, 

Thou canst opt see which thing is wcil beset, 

Tbou farest by love as oiiles do by light. 

The day hem blindeth, full well they sep by night, 

^liy kind is of so low wretchednessi 

TlMt what loye is, thou canst not se nor gess." 

Tbo gan the cuckow put bim forth in preae^ 

For foufe that eatetb worme, and said bliue i 

" So I," quod be, " may have my make in peacl^ 

I retdi not how long that ye BtrJTe, 

Let cch of hem \ie soleine all hir li*^ 

This is my rede, sens they may oat stconl, 

Tlus short lesson needeth not record-" 

*' Tb, bale the glutton filde his paunch, 

Lilian are we well,'* said the emerlon, 

" Tbou muidrer of the heysugge on the braunch 

That brought tjiee forth, Ihou rufiil glutton, 

lAve tbou aolein, wormes cottuplioD, 

For no fftoe is of lack of thy nature, 

Go, leud be thou while th? wprld may dure" 

*' Now peac^'' m 

For I have heard 

And in effect ;et be we neuer the per^ 

But finally this is my conclusion. 

That she her lelfe shall ha^e her election 

Of whom her list, who so be wmthe or blith^ 

Him th^ she ctieseth, he shall her hsue as swithc 

" For Bitb it may not here discussed be 
Wbo loTetb her best, as said the tercelet. 
Than woll I done tbis fiivour to her, that she 
^kalJ have r^bt him, op whom her herte is set. 
And he her, that his herte bath on her knet. 
This iudge I nature, for I may not lie 
f P noD* estate, 1 have none mher eye. 

*■ But as for counsaile, for to tliuae a mal 

If I were reason, than would I 

Counnile you, the royal tercell take. 

As said the tercelet, fiiU skilfully. 

As for the gentillest, and most worthy, 

MHiich I have wroght so wel to my plesauoca 

Tliat to you it ought b'^ " -,.flB*-,,n«k *» 

With dredeful Toice diat fonnel ber answetd, 
" My rightf\il lady, goddess of Nature, 
Sooth is, that I am erer under your yodi, 
As is everich other creature. 
And must be yours while my lifie may dure^ 
And tberelbre graunt me my first boone, 
And mine entent, you woll I say right sotKW." 

" I graunt it you," quod she, and right anone 

This formel eagle sjake in tbis degree : 

*' Almighty quene, unto this year be done 

I aske respite fat to arisen mee. 

And after that to have my chtdce all i>ee. 

This all and some, that t would speak and sej. 

Ye get no more, although ye do me dey. 

" I woll not semen Venus ue Cupi4e, 
Forsooth as yet, by no manner way. " 
" Now sens it may none other ways betide" 
Quod Nature, " here is no more to say. 
Than would I that these foules were away, 
Ecb with bis make, for tarying lenger here,*' 
And said bem thus, as ye shall after hei«. 

" To you Bpeke I, ye teicelets" quod Noturs 
'• Beth of good herte, and serveth all three, 
A yeare is not h> long to endure, 
And ech of you peine lum in bis degree^ 
For to do well, for God wote quit is st>e 
Fro you this year, what after so befal), 
Tbis entremes is dressed for you all." 

And whan this werk brought was to an en^ 
To erery foule Nature yave bis make. 
By ecen accord, and on hir way tliey wend. 
And Lord the blisse and joy that they make. 
Pot ech of hem gan other in his wings take. 
And with bir neckes ecb gan other wind, 
Th»nking alway the noble goddess of kind 

But first were cho< 

As yere by yere w 

To siqg a roundel 

To do Nature honour and plesmunce, 

llie note I trow maked was in Fiwmoe, 

The words were such, as ye may here find. 

The next Yerse, as I now have in mind. 

Qui bien ayme lanl oublye. 

■' Now welcome summer, with thy sunnes soft, 
That bast this winter weathers oTurabake, 
Saint Valentine, tbou art full high on loft. 
Which driuest away the long nights blake, 
Tlius sngeo snale foules for thy sake^ 
Well have tfaey cause fgr to gladen oft. 
Sens each of bem recoTcred hath his make. 
Full blisful may they sing whan tfaey awake." 

en tbules far to sing, 
St fair departing 


But atl]aj tfali oAer night mtUng, 
I tbougbt haw loTCTfl had a tokciimg. 
And among b«m it «w • conunune talci 
That it were good to bcre the nightiiigala, 
Rather than the leud caAow «ing. 

And than I thought anon ai it waa daj, 
I would go Nune where to a««; 
If that I might a ni^tiDgale here. 
For yet had I Don* beard of aU that jtn. 
And it wM tho the third mght of Ma^ . 

And anofM aa I tiw da; aapid«. 

No lenger would I in m; bod atnd#, 

But mto a wood that waa fut by, 

I went forth alone boldely. 

And held the way downe by a brooke ndft 

To reda upon, aod yet I rede alwayt 


Tsc god of lore and bencdicdt^ 
How mi^ity and bow great a lord i> ha, 
For be can make of low betta by. 
And of bi^ low, and like for to dy, 
And benl liata be on maken &eea 

He can make *ilhui a little Kound 
Of tickc folke htde, &e>h, and wund. 
And of liole be can make aeeke, 
He can bind and vnbinden eke 
That be woU baTe houndcn a 

To Id) hia might my wit may not suffice^ 
For be can n^e of wiae folke full nice. 
For Ik may do all that lie woU deriae, 
And liUiy Iblke to destroyen vice. 
And proud bates he can make agriiK. 

SboHlr ell that erer he woll he may, 
Againet him dare no wight aay nay, 
For be can ^ad and grere whom him liketh. 
And wbo that be woll, be lougbelh or liketh. 
And moat hia might he Bbedetb erer in May. 

For ersy true gentle berte &ee, 
That with hdm ia, or tbinketh for to be, 
Apine Hay iM>w ihall bare some iteiing. 
Or to joy or ell to erane mounting. 

For wfaaa tbey may here the tnrds nag, 
Aad lee the floure* and the lesTn spring, 
Tfa« bringetb into hb lemembrauncs 

a eaae, meddled with gieraunce, 
~ t* fiill of great longing. 

Aad of that lon^ng conuneth bevinene. 
And Ihaeaf groweth of great scknesae, 
Aad for Ude of that that they desire, 
And tfam in May ben betn set on Are, 
SoUMt lliey biennen forth in great dinreaie. 

I iprakr thia of feeling truly, 

If 1 be old and ndurty, 

T^ I bare felt of the rickneeee through May 

Both bote and cold, and aia every da^. 

How aare ywia there wote no wight but I. 

Ofall tbb Uqr ileqie I but a lite. 

There nte I downe among the faire Sours, 
And MW the birds trip out of hir boura, 
There aa they rerted hem all the night. 

They were wioyftilli'' 

Hie; began of May fb 

They coud that seruice all by rote. 
Then waa many a loueiy note, 
Some aong loud aa they had plained4 
And aome in other manner vace y&ined. 
And aome all out with the tuU throte. 

They proyned hem, and made hem right g^. 
And daunceden and lepten on the apray. 
And euermore two and two in fere. 
Right >o M they bad chosen hem to yere 

And the riuer that I late vpoD, 
It made inch s noise as it ron, 
Accordaunt with the birds trmonyi 
Me thought it wu tbe beat melody 
That might bca yheard of any mon. 

Tbe anriy Wrd, the laaud cuckow. 

And thflt was on a tree ri^t ftet by. 

But who was than euill quid but 1 1 

" Now God," quod J, " Oiat died on the croia 

Yeue soiTow on thee, and on thy leaud tihi. 

Full little joy haue I now of thy ciy." 

And as I with the cuckow thus gau cUde, 

I heard in the next bush beside 

A nigbtingsle so lustely nng. 

That with her clere voice abe made ring 

Through all tbe greene wood wide. 

" Ab, good nightingale, " quod I than, 

" A Unle hast thou ben too long hen. 

For here hath ben the leaud cu^ow, ' . , -. C 

And songen iodbs rather than hast thou, 

I pray to God eiull fire hor breo." '. i . ,. 


But now I wol] jou tell ■ wonder thing, 

A) long Bs I Ib}' id that Bwouning, 

Mc thought I win what the birds merits 

And what they said, and what »«s hir enlen(, - 

And oT hir speech I had good knowing. 

There heard I the nightiDgale say, 
" Now good cuckow go somewhere away, 
A nd let V9 that can Hngen dwellen here, 
Foreuery wight escheueth thee to here, 
Thj Bongi be lo elenge in good fa;. " 

" What," quod she, " whu may tbeo ajlen now. 
It thinketh me, I ^ng aa well as thou. 
For my song ii both true and plaine. 
And though I cannot crakeU so in vune. 
As thou dost ia thy tlirote, [ wot oeuer bow. 

" And euery wight may vnderstand mee, 
But nightingale bo may they not done thee. 
For thou bast many a nice queint cry, 
I nirtie thee heard saine, ocy, ocy. 
How might I know what that should be 7" 

" Ah foole," quod she, *' woet thou not what it is. 

Whan that I ssy, ocy, ocy, ywis, 

Than meane I that I would wonder faine. 

That all they were shamefully yBiaine, 

That meanen ought agaioe loue amis. 

" And also I would that all tbo were dede. 

That thinke not in loue hir life to lede. 

For who BO that wol not the god of loue serue, 

I dare well say he is worthy to sterue. 
And tbr that skill, ocy. ocy, 1 giede. " 

" Eye," quod the cuckow, " this is a queiat law. 

Thai euery wight shall loue or be to draw. 

But 1 forsake all such companw. 

For mine entent is not tbr to die, 

Ne neuer while I liue on Louea ydce to dnw. 

" Fur louen ben lb* (bike that ben on liu^ 
That most diieaae batia, and moat mtfariue. 
And most endura sorrow, wo, and care. 
And lesat feelen of welfare. 
What nedeth it ayeost trouth to ntiue." 

" What," quod she, " thou art out of thy mind, 
How might thou in thy churlenoae Knd 
To speake of Loues Beruaunta in this wise. 
Far in this world is none so good seruise 
To euery wight that gentle is of kind. 

" For thereof truly comroeth all goodness^ 
All honour and all gentlenesse. 
Worship, ease, and all hertea lust, 
ParRte joy, and full assured trust, 
lolitie, pleasauncet and freshncne, 

" Lowlyhcad,' largene, and curtdic, 
Semelyhead, and true companie, 
Drede of Bhame for to done ami* t 
For he that truly Loues seruaunt is. 
Were lolber be shamed than to die. 

'■ And that this is sodi that I ley. 

In that beleeue I wilt liue and dey, 

And rackow so I rede that thou do ywli : " 

II Than," quod he, " let me ncucr baue bliMe, 
- ■ leobey. 

" Nightingale thou ipeakest wondCT &ire. 
But for all tlist is Che sooth conttaire. 
For loue is in yong folke but rage. 
And in old folke a great dotage, 
Who most it vseth, most shall enpaira. 

" For thereof cometh disease and faeuincsse, 
So Borow and care, and nuuiy a groat sicknesse. 
Despite, debate, anger, and enuie, 
Dejirauiiif^, shame, vntrust, and jelousie, 
Pride, mischeefe, pouerty, and woodnesse i 

" Louing is an o&te of dcspaire. 

And one thing is therein that is not Cure, 

For who that getCeth of loue a little bbsse. 

But if he be alway therewith ywis. 

He may full soone of age haue his batre. 

" And nightingale therefore hold thee ny. 
For leue me well, for all thy queint cry. 
If thou be ferre or long fro thy make. 
Thou shall be as other that been forsake. 
And than thou shalt hoten as doe 1." 

" Fie," quod she, " on thy name and on Ihee^ 
The god of loue ne let thee neuer ythee. 
For thou art worse a thousand fold than wood. 
For many a one is full worthy and iull good. 
That had be naught ne bad loue ybee. 

Loue his seruants amendeth. 
And from all euill taches hem defendeth. 
And maketh hem to brenne ri^t in a fire. 
In trouth and in worshipfuil devre. 
And whan him liketh, joy inough hem sendeth. " 

" Thou nightingale," he said, " be still. 
For Loue bath no reason, but it is will. 
For oft time *ntrue folke he easeth. 
And true folke so hiterly be displeaBeth, 
That for default of courage he let hem stHlL" 

Than tooke J of the nightingale keepe, 
How she cast a ligh out of her deepe. 
And said, " Alas that euer I was bore, 

And right with th 

K brast out to weepe. 

" Alas," quod she, " my herte woll to breake. 
To heaien thus this leaud bird apeei.e 
Of Loue, and of his worshipfuil seruise. 
Now sod of loue thou help me in some wise. 
That I may on this cuckow been awreake." 

Me thought than he stert Tp anone. 
And glad was I thai he was agone. 
And euermore the cuckow as he flay. 
Said, " Farewell, farewell popingay," 
As though he bad scorned me alone. 

And than came the nigfating^e to mee. 
And said, " Friend forsooth I Ihanke the^ 
That thou hast liked me to rescow, 
And one auow to loue make I now. 
That all this Hay I wall thy singer be." 

I thanked her, and was ri^ well apaied : 
" Ye," quod she, " and be thou not dismaied, 
Tho thou haue herd the endow erst than me. 
For if I line, it shall amended be 
The next Hay, if I be not Bn«icd. 


" And one tUng 1 woll rede thee ulsti, 

Ne Icue tbou not the cuekow, ne his Iouct so. 

For all that he hath «aid is strong leasing :' 

" Nay," quod I, " thereto shall nothing me bring. 


" Ye, ise," quod she, " thi« medidne 

Euery day this May Of thou dine, 

Co looke Tpon the fresb daisie, 

And though tbou be for wo in point to die. 

Thai shall full greatly le«en thee of thy [niM. 

" And loofce alny that tbou be good and tnw. 

And I woll aing one of Ihe songe new 

For looe of thw, as loud as 1 may crie ; " 

And than abc began Ihia song fiill hie, 

" I threw all hem dial been of loue mtnie." 

And whan she had song it lo the end, 

" Sow lareweH," quod she, " for I mote wend, 

And god of loue, that can right well, and may, 

As much joy send thee tliis day. 

At any yet touer he euer send." 

Thui taketb the nightingale her leaue of me, 
I piay to God alway with her be, 
And joy of loue he send her euermore, 
And shilde us Itd the cuckow and his lore, 
For then is not so false a bird as he, 

" The cuckow, well it is not for to hide, 
Hmr the cui^ow and I fast haue chide, 
Edct lithcn it was day light, 
I pay you all that ye do me right 
On tbU foule false mkind bridde." 

Than spake o bird for all, by one assentv 
" This rrLmHtrr mketh good aiusfment, 
For we ben birde* here in fere. 
And sooth it is, the cuckow is not here. 
And tbaefaie we woll haue a parliment. 

" And thereat shall the egle be our lord, 
KoA other peres that been of record, 
Aad the cuckow shall be after seat. 
There shall be yeue the judgement. 
Or ds we shall finally make accord. 

" And this shall be without nay 
The morrow af4er saint Ualentines d^, 
Under a maple that is fsire and grcne, 
Befin the chamber window of the quene. 
At Woodstocke vpoD the grene lay." 

She thaoked heni, and than her Itauc toke, 
Add into an hauthome by that broke, 
And there she ale and song rpon that tree, 
" Tcrme of life loue hath witldiold me," 
So loud that I with that song awoke. 

Lnrn hook with thy fbtde n 
Sitii tbou haste ndthet beauty ne eloquence. 
Who halh thee caused or yeue the hiiiHiMind 
For to appcare in my ladies presence, 

1 Mn full aikcT thou knowett her bencuoUnee, 


Full agreeable to all her abying, 
For of all good she is ^e best liuing. 

Alas that thou ue haddest worthinesse, 

To shew to her some pleasauat sentence, 

Silh that she hath through her geniillesse 

Accepted the servant to her digne reuerence, 

O, me repenteth that I ne had science 

And leiser als, to make thee more flourishing, . 

For of all good she. is the best liuing. 

Beseech her meekely with all loKlinesse, 

Though I be ferre from her in absence, 

To think on my trouth to her and <itedraBtnesse, 

And to abridge of my sorrowea the violence, 

B h;ch caused is, wherof knowelh your sapience. 

She like among lo notifie me her liking 

For of all good'she is the best liuing. 

Auaoas ofgladnesse, and day of lusdneas^ 
I>ucem a night with heauenly influence 
Illumined, root of beauty and goodnesse, 
Suspires which I effunde in silence. 
Of grace I beseech allcdgc let your writing. 
Now of all good, sith ye be best liuing. 


A gentlewoman out of an artraur in a gnnr, seeth 
a great company of knigbts and ladies in a 
dauncs upon the gieene graaa : the which b^g 
ended, they all kneel down, and do honour lo 
the daisie, some to the flower, and some to the 
leaf. Afterward this gentlewoman leamelh by 
one of these ladies Che meaning hereof, which is 
this : They which honour the flower, a thing 
fading with every blast, are such as look after 
beauty and worldly pleasure. But they that 
honour the leaf, which ^lideth whh the root, not- 
withstanding the frosts and winter storms, are 
they which follow vertue and during qnaHties, 
without regard of worldly respecta. 

Whah that Phrinuhiicliaire of gold soUa 
Had whirled vp Ibe steny sky aloft. 
And In the Boole was entred cettainely. 
Whan shouns sweet of rune discended oft. 
Causing the ground UAt times and oft. 
Up for to giue many an w 
And euery plains was dotl 

With new green, and maketh small floures 
To springen hem and there in field and in me 
So very pmd and wholesom be the shoures, 
That it renueth tliat was old and dede, 

"nler lime and out of euery Rcde 
Sjiringeth the hearbe, so that euery wight 
Of Ihu season weieth glad and light. 

And I so glad of the sotson awete. 
Was happed thus tpon a eertoine night. 
As I lay in my bed, sleepe full Tnmele 
Was vnto me, but why Chat I ne might 1 1 , > 
Rest/I ne wist, for there nas earthly wi|^ 
As I suppose had more hertes ease 
Than I, tbt 1 nad sicknesae nor diseasa 


Wberefora ( meruail grwtly of my lelfa, 
That t lo long withouteu sleepe U;, 
And Tp I roM Ihre bouni after twelTc, 
About the apringing of tba <1^> 
And on I put my geare and mine amy, 
Aful to a pUaaaunt groue 1 gan panCi 
Long or tbe bright sonne vp men was. 

Under tbe which the gi 
Waa newly ■prong, and an eight fbot or mnu 
Euerj tree well fro his fellow grrw. 
With brancbea brode, lade with leues new, 

Scane very red, and sc 

a glad light grene. 

Which ai me thought waa right a pleaaanl n^t, 
And eke tbe briddeg aong for to hen. 
Would haue rejoyced any earthly wight, 

Heare the nigbtiDgale of all the yeaie, 

Pul buiily heritcoed with bene and with ear^ 

If I her voce perceiue coud any where. 

And at tbe last a path of Uttle bread 

I found, that greatly bad not ned be. 

For it forgrowne was with grasse and weed. 

That well vnneth a wight might it «e : 

Tbt^it I thii path some whider goth parde, 

And ■■> I followed, till it DHbrought 

To tight a pleaaaunt herber well ywrought, 

That benched was, and with turfea new 
Freshly turued, whereof tbe givne grai, 
So unall, u thirds, ■» abort, ao Hredi of bew, 
lliat moat like rata green well wot I it wai, 
The hegge alao that yede in compas, 
And cloaed in all tbe greene heibere. 
With ricamotir waa nt and ^latere, 

Wrethen in ftre ao well and cunniDgly, 

That euery brandi and leafe grew by meaur^ 

Plaine aa a bord, of an height by and by, 

I ue neuer thing I joa eniuie. 

So well done, for he that tooke tbe cor* 

It to m«ke ytrow, did all bi> peine 

To make it pasK all tho Hat men haoe mSob. 

And ihapen waa thit herber roofe and all 
Ai a prely parlour, and alao 
The heggc aa tbidte as a awtle wall. 
That who thai tiit without to stood or go. 
Though he would all day i»ien toandRo, 
He ab>uld tMt see if liiere were any wight 
Within or no, but oiw within wdl migbl 

Perceiue all tho that yeden there witkotit 

In tbe field that was on euety side 

Couered with torn and giasae, that out of doubt. 

Hough one would secke all the world wide, 

So rich a field coud not be ccpide 

On no OM*!, ai of the quanti^. 

Fur of all good dung there waa plenty. 

"Diere is no bene I deme in such diapaiie, 
Ne witli thought) toward and contraire, 
So ouerlaid, but it should soone hauc bote, 
If it had ones felt this sauout lote. 

And as I stood and cart asde mine eie, 

I was wate of tbe fairest medle tree 

That euer yet in all my h& I aie. 

As full of blosaomo as it mi^t be, 

Ilierein a goldfinch lea^Dg pretilb. 

Fro bough to bough, and as him list he eet 

Here and there of buds and flourea iweet. 

And to the herber side was joyning 
This faire tree, of which I haue you told. 
And at the last tbe brid began to sing. 
Whan he bad eaten wh&t he eat wold. 
So pasnng sweetly, that by manifold 
It was more pleaaaunt than I coud deuls^ 
And whan his song waa ended in this wise. 

The nightingale with so merry a note 

Answered hini, that all the wood rong 

So sodainly, that aa it were a sote, 

I stood aitonied, so was I with tbe song 

Thorow rauished, that tilt late and long, 

I ne wist in what place I was, ne where. 

And ayen me thought she song euen by mine c 

Wherefore I wailed about busily 
On euery side, if I her might see. 
And at the last I gan full well aipie 
Where she sat in a fresh grene laurer tne. 
On the further side euen right by me, 
That gaue so paiaing a delicioua snKli, 
Acconliog to the eglentere full well. 

Whereof I had so inly great plewUIC, 
That ai me thought I surely noiiiked wn 
Into Fandice, where toy deaire 
Was for to be, and no ferther paaae 
As for that day, and on the sote giaaae 
I sat m* downa, for u for mine ent«i^ 
The birdi tong waa ini>n cnnuenient. 

And more pleaaaunt to me by manifold, 
Hian meat or drinke, or any other thing. 
Thereto the hetber was so fresh and cold. 
The wholesome sauoun eke so comfbrtiiig. 
That aa I demed, lilh tbe beginning 
Of tbe worid was ocuer scene or than 
3o pleaaaunt a ground of nmut eanhly man. 

And ai I sat the birds harkening thus, 
He thought that I bard voices sodaiijy. 
The moat sweetest and most delidoua 
That euer «n^ wight I trow truly 
Heard in dior life, for tbe aimony 
And sweet accord was in so good muaik^ 
That the utnce to angels most was like. 

At the last out of a gnnie euen by. 

That was right goodly and pleasant (o sigh^ 

I sie where there came onging lustily 

A world of ladies, but to tell aright 

Their great beauty it lieth not in my mighty 

Ne tber array, neuerthelesse I iball 

Tell you a part, though I apeake not of aU. 

They w 

As it were a manner garnishing. 

Was set with emerauds one and on^ i 

By and by, but many a rich stone ^ Q I (> 


DonMMids fiae and rutua red. 
And Dunj uuitber ftonc, of which I went 
Tie TumCT DOW, umI cuanch on her head 
A rich fret of gold, which without dfod 
Wb fsll at itatclr rich itociei ict, 
And entry Udj iMd a cbi^clet 

On fas' bead of friih and greena. 

So wde wrought aad to meruellouilf , 

TliBl it was a uble light to Kcne, 

Sane of lauro', and Knne full ploisuitly 

Had dapdets of woodbind, and odlj 

Some of agniu caatuB were alao 

□M^deti freah, but there were nuaj of tlio 

That daunced and eke nng full uberijr, 
But all thej jede in manner of cmnpace. 
Bat one tbcr ;ede iu mid the company, 
Soide by her aelf^ but all followed the pan 
Hat ahe ke|>t, wboee heauenly figured (tea 
So pleaaant waa, and ber wele shape perioii. 
Tint of btwily ibe past bem ei 

And man richl j b^Koie by manifold 
She •«• alao in euoy manner tbin^ 
Od ber bewl fuU pleaaaum to bdtdd, 
A Browne of gold Hch for any king, 
A braundi of agnu* caatui Ab bearing 
In her band, and to my tight truly, 
Sw lady waa of the company. 


That aw tlaM^t it the aweeteM melody 

Tbat cncT J beard in my life Hxithly. 

gbt I waa^^eTbia 

And God wQt me thought I waa weTbigon^ 
For tfaan I mi^it auise bam one by one^ 
Who biieat waa, who coud baM dance or siog. 
Or who moat wonnudy wm in all thing, 


: daunoed but a little throw. 

So gitat a nciac of thundring tnunpa blow. 
As Ihou^ K abould baue depaiwd the ikic, 
And after that within a while I sie. 
From the eame groue wboe the ladiea come c 
g nich a rout. 

As all the men on tarth bad ben aasembled 
In tbat place, wele boned for the nones, 
8»ing so fiut, tbat all the earth trembled : 
B«t for to speake of riches and atones, 
Aral men and hoese 1 trow the large wonc^ 
Of Frctir John ne all hb trewry, 
IG^ not Tnneth haue boght the tenth partjr. 

Of their anay who so list bean mor^ 




■e com* bat all in their clokea whita^ 
A eoDpany tbat ware !ta tbeir delit^ 
fl»|iih !■ freab of okts nriall, 
Newlj fpraog, ------ ■-- 

On euery trumpa hanging ■ broad banara 
Of fine tartarium were full tlcbely beu^ 
Euery tnuupet his lords aimea bm 
About their iieckes with great pearles sete^ 
CoUen brode for cost they would not lete, 
As it would seem for tbeir scbochooea echona. 
Wen set about witli many ■ precious Htme. 

Tbair hone bamels was 4U white also, 
And after them neit in one ccnnpany, 
Came kings of anneg and no mo 
In clokeaof white cloth of gold richly, 
Cbapelets of gieene on their heads on hie. 
The crowns tbat they od their shcocbones bet*, 
Were set with pearle, ruby, and saphere. 

And eke great JiJnmnJ. many one. 

But all their basse hameii and other gaal* 

Waa in a ante according euerychoD^ 

As ye haue beard that foresaid trumpet* wve^ 

And by seeming they were nothing to lere, 

And their guiding, they did so manerly. 

And after bem came a f 

Of hoauds and puneuaunt* ek«^ 
Arrayed in clothes of white reluet. 
And hardily they were no thing to seke, 
How they on hem should the haraeis Kt, 
And euery man had en a eh^ielet 
Schochooci and eke bone hameia indede, 
Tliey had in sute of hem that before bem yede. 

Next after bam came in armour tmght 
All saue their heads, aeemely knights ni[i% 
And euery claspe and najle as to my sight 
Of their hameis were of red gold fine, 
With doth of gold, and furred with ennina 
Woe the tnppon of their atedes strons. 
Wide and la^e, that la the ground did liong. 
And euery bosae of bridle and pailrdi 
That they had, was worth aa I would wane, 
A thousand pound, and aa their bwda wall 
Dressed were cronmea Of laurer gren^ 
The best nude that «uer I had sene. 
And euery knight bad aftev him riding 
Tbree henahmen on him awaiting. 

Of which euaiy on o short trcMkcboun 

Hii lords helme bare, 10 lidily dighl. 

That the worst was worth the ransoun 

Of a kinjb the second a shield bright 

Bare at his necke, tbe thred bare vpright 

A mighty apere, full sharpe ground and ken^ 

And euery child ware of leauea grene 

A fresh ch^Klet rpon bis haires bright. 
And dokes white of fine reluet they were. 
Their steeds trapped and raied right 
Without difference aa tbeir lords were, 
And after hem on many a Ireah conere, 
Tltere came of aimed knights such a rout. 
That they besprad the large field abauL 

And all they ware afto* thor d^rea 
Cbaplet* new made of laurer greoe. 
Some of (Ae, and some of other tteei. 
Some in their honds bare boughs dwue. 
Some of laurer, and scane □£ okes ken^ 
Some of hauthomc, and icme of woodMnd, 
And many mo whidi I had not in mind. 

And to tlief nme their horeea freshlj Btering 
With blooil/ wm-nes of hir trompn loud. 
There se I nunj' oii mcouth disguiiing 
In (he amy oT these knights proud, 
And at tile lut aa euenl; as they coucl, 
Thev took tliar plans in Tniddm of the mede. 
And cuerr Iciught turned his hone hede 

To his fellow, and lifihtly laid a spere 

In the reit, and ro juries begun 

On euery part about here and therej 

Some brake his spere, some drew down hora and mai 

About the field astray the steeds ran. 

And to behold their rule and goueniaunce, 

I you ensure it was a great pleasaunce. 

And BO the justs last an houre and more. 
But tho that crowned were in laurer grene, 
Wan the prise, their dints were so sore, 
That there was non ayenst hem might sustene. 
And the justing all was left off clene, 
And fro their horse the ninth alight anone. 
And so did all the nrmnant eucrichone. 

And forth they yede togider twain and twain, 
That lo behold it waa a worthy sight 
Toward the ladies on the greene plaine. 
That song and daunced as I said now right : 
The ladies as soonc as (hey goodly might, 
Tbey brake of both the song and dance, 
And jrede to meet hem with ful glad semblance. 

And euery lady tooke full womanly 
By the bond a knight, and forth Ibey yede 
Unto a faire laurer that stood fast by. 
With leues Ude the boughet of great brede. 
And lo my dome there neuer was indede 
Man, that had seene halfe bo talre a tree, 
For vndemoath there might it well baue be 

An hundred persons at their owne plesance 
Kudowed Iro the heat of Phebus bright, 
So that they should haue felt no greuance 
Of raine ne hailc that hem hurt might. 
The sauour eke rejoice would any wight. 
That bad be <icke or melancolius. 
It was so ^ery good and vertuous. 

And with great reuerence they enclining low 
To the tree so soot and ftire of hew, 
And after that within a little throw 
TTiey began to sing and daunce of new, 
Some song of loue, some plaining of vntrew, 
Enuimnning the tree that stood vpiight, 
And euer yede a lady and a knight. 
And at the last 1 cast mine eye aidde. 
And waa ware of a lusty company 
That came roming out of the field wide, 
Hond in bond a knight and a lady, 
The ladies all in aurcotcs, that richcly 
Purfiled were with many a rich stone, 
And euery knight of green ware mantles on, 

Embrotided well ao as the surcotea were, 
And euerich had a chapelet on her hed, 
Which did right welt vpon the shining here. 
Made of goodly floures wbile and red, 
The knights eke that they in hond led 
In sute of hem ware chapelets euerychone. 
And before hem went minstrels many one. 

As haipes, pipes, lules, and •autry 



ought ai 
Si douset et la Margarele." 

Of diuers floures made full craftely 
All in D sute goodly chapelets they ware. 
And H daunring into the mede Ibey bre, ■ 
In mid tlie which they found a tuft thM was 
All oueiqitad with floures in compas. 

Whereto Ihey enclined eueT7clione 

With great reuerence, and that fiill humbly, 

And at the last there began anorte 

A Udy for to sing Hglil womanly 

A bargarct iu praising the daisJE 

For a 

She St 

Than they ail answered her in fere, 
So passingly well, and so pleoaaunlly. 
That it was a blisful noise to here. 
But I not it happed suddainly, 
As about noone the sonne so feruently 
Waie bote, that the prety tender floures 
Had lust the beauty of hir fresh colours. 

For ahronke with heat, the ladies eke to brent. 
That they ne wist where they hem might bestow. 
The knighta awelt for lack of shade nie ahent. 
And afler that within a little throw. 
The wind b^an so sturdily to blow, * 
That down goeth all the floures euericbone. 
So that in all the medt ^ere laA not one, 

Save such as succourvd were among the leues. 
Fro eueryatonne that might hem aasaile, 
Growing viulei hedges and thicke greues, 
And af^ thai [here came a storme of haile. 
And raine in fere, so that witbouten ftile, 
The ladies ne the knighta nade o tbnied 
Drie on them, so dropping was hir weed. 

Artd whan the storm was cleane passed away, 
Tho in white that stood vnder the tree. 
They felt nothing of the great ijfray, 
That they in greene without bad in yba. 
To them Ihey yede for routh and pite, 
Them to eorofort after their great disease, 
So faine they were the helplease for lo (Mae, 

Than I was ware how one of hem in grene 
Had on a crowne rich and well sitting. 
Wherefore I demed well she was a qnme. 
And tho in greene on her were awaiting. 
The ladies than in white that were comnung 
Toward them, and the knights in fere 
B^an to comfort hem, and make hem chere. 

The queen in white, that was of great beauty. 
Took by the hond tlie queen that was in grene. 
And said, " Sualer, I have right great pitie 
Of your annoy, and of the troublous tene, 
Who^n ye and your company haue bene 
So long alas, and if that it you please 
To go with me. I shall do you the ease, 

" In all the pleasure that T can or may," 

Whereof the tother humbly as she might, 

Thanked her, for in right ill array 

She was with storm and heat I you behighl, - 

And euery lady than anone right 

That were in while, one of them \oak In grene 

By the bond, which whan the kni^ts bad aene. 


Tn Hfccvue ecb of them todke m kui^ 
Cbd in greene, and tbnh with bem they &re. 
To sn begge, wh^c thej anon right 
To make Ibeir justs tbey would not (pare 
BoD^tea to bew down, and eke Crees square, 
Wherwitb tbey made bem stately firea great. 
To diy their dotbta that were ringiiig weat. 

And after that of hearis that there grew, 
Thej made for blisters of the Eunne breniung. 
Very good and wboleaome ointments new. 
Where thai they yede the sick fast anointing. 
And after that they yede alviut gadering 
Pleaaaum saladcs which they made hem eat. 
For to refresh their great vnkindly heat 

The lady of the Leafe than began to pray 
Her of the Floura (for so to my»ccming 
Tbey should be ai by their army) 
To soupe with her, and eke for any thing. 
That she should with her all her people bring : 
Aod the ayen in right goodly manerc, 
Tlunketh her of her most friendly cheare. 

Saying plainely that she woald obay 
Witb all her herte all her commauDdement, 
And than anon without lenger delay 
Tlw lady of the Leafe hath one ysent 
For a palfray, after her intent. 
Arrayed weU and bire in hameis of gold, 
far nothing lacked, that to him long sbold. 

Aod afto- that to all her company 
She made to puruey hoiw and euery thing 
That they needed, and than full lustily, 
£uen by the herher where I was sitting 
They passed all H> pleasantly sin^ng, 
Thai it would haue comforted any wight. 
Bat than I aie a passing wonder sigbt. 

For than the nighdngale, that all the day 
Had in the laurer sete, and did her might 
Tlte whole seruice to sing longing to May, 
All sodainly gan to take her flight. 
And to the Wy of the Leafe forthright 
She dew, and set her on her bond softly. 
Which was a thing I marueled of greatly. 

The goMSnch eke, tint tto the medle tree 
Wat Bed for beat into the bushes cold. 
Unto the lady <^ the Flower gan flee. 
And on her hond he set him as be wold, 
And pleasauntly Ids winges gan Co fold. 
And for to sing they pained bem both as sore, 
Ai tbey bad do irf' all the day before. 

And so tbeac ladies rode forth a great pace, 
And aU the rout of knights eke in fere. 
And £ that bad seen all this wonder case, 
HtDugfat I would aiaay in stHne manere. 
To kuw fully the trouth of this matere, 
And what they were that rode ao pleasantly, 
And whan tbr^ were the haher ; ' by, 

I drat nie tinth, and happed to mete anooe 
Right a fiure lady I you ensure, 
AhI she come riding by her selfe alone, 
All in white, with semblance ful demure ; 

Might her bebll, aa I coud most humbly. 
And idie answered, ■' Hy doughter gramercy." 

'* Madame," quod I, " if that I durst enquere 

Of you 1 would faine of that company 

Wit what tBey be that past by this arbere," 

And she ayen answered right friendly : 

'* My faire doughter, all tho that paascd here by 

In white clothing, be soiiauntH eiiericliotle 

Unto the Leafe, and I my sidfe am one, 

" See ye not her that crowned is," quod she, 
" All in white?" — " Madame," cjuod 1, " yes :*' 
" That is Diane, goddesse of chastite. 
And for because that she a maiden is, 
In her bond the braunch she beareth this. 
That Bgnus cactus men call properly. 
And aU the ladies in her cmnpany 

" Whidi ye se of that beaib chapleta weare. 
Be such as han kept alway hir maidenheed : 
And all they piat of laurer chaplets beare. 
Be auch as hardy were and manly indeed, 
Uiclorioui name which neuer may be dede. 
And all they were so worthy of their bond. 
In hir time that none ntight hem withslond. 

" And tho that weare chaplets on their hede 
Of fresh woodbind, be such as neuer were 
To loue nitrue in word, thought, ne dede. 
But aye stedfast, ne for pleannce ne fere. 
Thogh that they shuld their bertes alt to tere. 
Would neuer flit hut euer were stedfast, 
7111 that theb lines there asunder braat." 

" Now fure tnadame," quod I, " yet I would pray. 

Your ladisbip if that it might be. 

That I might know by some maner way, 

Sith that it hath liked tout beaute. 

The trouth of these ladies for to tell me, 

What thu these knights be in rich armour. 

And -what tho be in grene and weare the flour? 

" And why that some did reuerence to that tre. 

And some vnto the plot of floures faire i" 

" With right good will my fair doghter," quod she, 

" Sith your deare is good and debonaire, 

Tho nine crowned be very eiemplaire. 

Of all honour longing to chiiialry. 

And thine certaine be called the nine worthy, 

" Which ye may see riding all befbre. 
That in hir time did many a nohle dede. 
And for their worthinpise full oft haue bore 
The crownc of laurer ieauea on their hede, 
As ye may in your old bookes rede. 
And how that he that was a conquervur. 
Had by laurer alway his most honour. 

" Aod tho that beare bowes in their bond 
Of the precious laurer so notable. 
Be such H3 were 1 woll ye •nderstond. 
Noble knighu of the round table. 
And eke the douseperis honourable. 
Which they beare in signe of victory, 
It is wttncsse of their deeds mightily. 

" Eke there be knights old of the garter. 
That in hir time did right worthily, 
And the honour they did to the laurer. 
Is for by they haue their laud wholly, 
Hieir triumph eke, and marvball glory. 
Which mto (hem is more parfit ricbesse. 
Than any wight imagine can or gesse. 

" For one leafa giuen of that aoble tne 
Ta any wigbt thu bath done worthily, 
And it be done to oi it ought to be, 
. Tb more honour than any thing earthly* 
WitneiH of Rome that founder «u billy 
Of all knighthood aod deeds manielou*, 
Recod I tale of Titui Liuiiu. 

" And as for her that croimed ii in greeny 

It i* Flora, of these flouns goddene. 

And all that here on her awaiting beana^ 

It are such that loued idteaesse. 

And not delite of no buunesse, 

But for to hunt and hauke, and pley in niedea. 

And many other null idle dedes. 

And for the great delite and pleaanmc* 

Tfaey baue to the floure, and lo reuerently 

Hiey TUto it do such obeiiauDce 

As ye may see." — " Nowfiure Madame," quod I, 

" If I dunt Bske what is the cause and why, 

Utat knights bauc the signe of honour, 

Rather by the lesfs than the flour." 

•■ Soothly dougbter," quod dw, " this is the troutb, 

For knights euer should be perseueiing. 

To sedtc honour without feinlise or ilouth. 

Fro wele to better in all manner thing. 

In signs of which with leauea ayt laiting, 

Tbey be rewarded after their d^iee. 

Whose lusty green May, may not appaired be, 

" But aie keinng their beautie ftesh and greow, 

For there nis storme that may hem deface, 

Haile nor snow, wind nor frosla kene, 

Wberfore they haue ttus property and grace 

And for the floure within a little tpuca 

Woll be lOBl, so ample of nature 

Th^ be, that they no greeuance may endure. - 

will blow tliem sc 

)o way of reason 

with all mine whole semiae, 
iw in my most bumble wise. 

" For now I am ascertained througbly. 

Of euery thing I desired to know." 

" I am light glad that I haue said soothly 

Ou^toyour plcaaureif ye will me trow i" 

Quod she ayen, " but to whom do ye owe 

Your seruice, uid whicb will ye iHMiour, 

Td me I pny, this yere, the I^eafe or the Flour." 

" Madame," quod I, " though 1 least woitfay. 

Unto the LeaA I owe mine obseruaunce : " 

» That is," quod she, " right well done certainly. 

And I pray God to honour you auaunce. 

And kepe you fro the wicked remembraimce 

Of male boucli, and all his cruellie, 

And all that gwd and well conditioned be. 

<■ For here may I no lenger now abide, 

1 must follow tfae great company 

That ye may see yonder before you ride," 

And forth ss I couth most humbly, 

I tooke my leue of her as she gan hie, 

Aftar them as fast as euer she might, 

And I drow homeward, for it was nigh ni^ i 

And put all that I had seena in wiitidg 
Undo' support of them that luat it to rede. 
O little booke, thou art so mcooning. 
How dant thou put thy self in pnea for dtaday 


9, and dwell with 

Prease hath enuy, aud wele t 
Sauour no mora than thee beboue shall. 
Rede well thy selfe that other taike canat rede, 
And trouth thee shall deliuer, it is no drede. 

Paine thee not ech crooked lo ii iliiasii 
Jn trust of her that toumetb as > ball, 
Great rest standeth in little businesBe, 
Beware also to spurn againe a nail, 
Striue not as doth a crocke with a wall, 
Deme thy selfe that demest ottien dede. 
And trouth thee diall deliuer it is no dnde. 

That tbee is sent recdue in buiomnesse. 
The wiastling of this world asLeth a fall. 
Here is no home, here is but wtldeniesse. 
Forth piigrime, faith beast out of thy stall, 
Loolce vp on high, and thanke God of all, 
Weiue thy lusts, and let thy ghost thee led^ 
And trouth tbee sluUJ deliuer, it is no drede. 


To you my pune and to none other wight 

Comptaine I, for ye be my lady dere, 

I am sorry now that ye be light. 

For certes ye now make me heauy cbor^ 

Me were as lefe laid Tpon a here. 

For which Tnto your mercy tbus I ciia. 

Be heauy againe, or els mole I die. 

Now Touehsafe tlus day or it be nigbt. 
That I of you the blissful sowne may here. 
Or see your colour like the sunne blight. 
That of yelownees bad neuer pere, 
Ye be my life, ye be my hertes store. 
Queens of cmnfort and of good companie. 
Be heauy againe, or els mote I die. 

Now pursa that art lo me my liuea light. 
And sauiour, as downe in this world here, 
Out of (his towne belpe me by your might, 
Kth that you wall not be mj treaaun^ 
For I am shaue as nere as any frer^ 
But Iprajraloyourcurtesie, )n|j; 
Be beany againe, or els mote 1 die. O 


NniHiE tbe time nor iJaec of Skdtoo'i birth b 
kaowo; it is (batigb* that he wu born in Norfolk, 
but ilnCTP«hd from ■aMMMiit family in Cumberluid, 
wbgaa tiiiet place of Tcaidenct for many genenCions 
n *t Amutfamite Castle, and who are lappowd 
b; thor name to hsTe come from SLeltou, (Scale- 
toarn) "a village in tbe form of Englewood, in that 
{dace, wbefe of audent time tbe aHuitr]' people that 
■wine, and milk-Jwasta agiited in 
rtMii Kobr, skeela (^chaUti) or little 
tt ia, wUle thej gatbend the tumincr 
profita of aoch gDak." It appears that be belonged 
to both Umrervtiea^ hanng taken tlw degree of Poet 
laureate at Oxford, artd being permitted to wear the 
Unn) al Cambridge. What tbe office of rojnl Orator 
waa, wfakdi Hem; VIII, to whom he had been tutor, 
cmfared upon him, on his acccMion to the throne, 
■ HN wdl u&derMood. Hia teputation must have 
beai Toj high, for Eraamua calls him itritonnicaruni 
Bta unu H itecu tt hiten. But natho' his court tk. 
vaar, nor bis eniditioD and eitraordinaiy talents, 
otitaiiMd hiiD that preferment to which they might so 
eaalj ban led. His satirica) temper was probably 
■be cause, for he was a " a pkaaain conceited follow, 
and of ■ Tcrf sharp wit: exceeding bold, and could 
mp to the T^rj quick when he <Kice »t hold." 

Skehm waa curate of Troni{HngtoD, near Cam' 
bridge, tbe welUcDOwn scene of the Miller's Tale, 
and rectcr of gloomy Dis in Norfolk, in the diocese 
of Aat infamous persecutor, bishop Nil. Tbe pre- 
ble, in bis own atrodmu language, might well haie 
fcnaidetedSkelton as one sarouring of the frying-pan, 
for the poet had directed his merciless satire in full 
•t tlte ftian and the clergy ^ but be seems 
* '' It by attacking tbe re- 

TheUsbop Buipended 
him for keeping ft concubine. On his deathJied he 
da laii d that he consdentionsly considoed ber as 
Us wif^ btit that cowanUineM had prerented him 
fimi aduanrladging her in that dtaractcr ; for that 
he would rather h»e coofbssed adultery than mar- 

If, bowera-, he waa wanting In moral conra^ no 
nan at that age diqilsyad greater loneiity m hb 

garat's Church, where Churchyard, whose eulogistic 
verses are prefixed to the tmly oollectian of his works, 
waa afterwards buried near him. 

The greater part of Skellon's poems woe collected 
into one volume in 1 5€fl, re-printed in 1 73fi, and in- 
serted in Chalmers's collection of the English Poets. 
Not the slightest care has been bestowed upon them ; 
they are even prioted without punctusdon. A com- 
plete edition is much to be desired. To edite tbsm 
critically would be a difficult task ; but the parts 
which are most obscure, are probably those wbicb 
least deserve explanation, and might well be left in 
obscurity. They are worthy of preiervatian, as il- 
lustrating, in no conuniHi d^ree, the state and pro- 
gress of our language, and the bislory of a moat 
importaot age, and for their intrinsic merit also. 
Warlon has underralued him; which is tbe more re- 
markable, because Warton was a genenxia as well aa 
a competent critic He seems to have been dis- 
gusted with buSboneries, which, like those of Babe- ' 
lais, wenthiown out as a tub forthewhalci forunleaa 
Skelton had written thus for the coanest palates, he 
could not have poured forth hit bitter and undaunted 
satire in such perilous times. Well might be tn of 
him — 

Though my rhyme he ragged. 
Tattered and jagged. 
Rudely rain-beaten 
Ruity and moth-eaten 
If ye take well therewith 
It halb in it some pith. 

The power, the strangeneaa, the volubility of his lan- 
gu^[e, the intre^dity of Us satire, and tbe perfect 
originality of lua manner, render Helton one of the 
moat eitraoidinarr poeta of any age «- country. 

The frequent recurrence of ihyme in short versea 
is to be found before him in tlie Kench poet Alain 
Chartres, and after him in Jean HaioL But they 
use it occasionally imly, and intermixed with longer 

He attacked V/oHaj in the plenitude of 
^ pvwo-, ntiriied him dm for tds foulto aloDC aad 
in those parts of bb chaiacter where he was vulner- 
"e^ bntfor his ■■ greasy genealogy," inMead of 1 

kfai fiia low birth, did not diaa«dit bb Ugh 
aid tfaia at length he provided the vengeance wluch 
be deaerrcd. OidBi wav issued for apprehending 
biai : he took sanctuary at Westminster, and re- 
■■Dcd there under Abbot Islip't protection, till Us 
death, wloch took place not Ung before tbe cardi- 
mI'sUL HewBtbuiicdiiithecliaiKelof8t.lfar- 

Tbe tnt moralitiea in 
the name of their authw are by Skdton ; one of these 
endtled Magnificence, wu in Oanick's cdlection, 
and b still preaerred. Tbe Nigromanser (which i> 
tbe name of the other), it is tu be feared is itre- 
coverably loat. It was in the ponMisiiMi of CoUina 
the poet, who showed it not long before his death to 
Warton as a very rare and valuable curiosity ; and* 
Walton read and has described the piece. When 
Eilaon afterwards declared it to be utterly incredi- 
ble that this work ever eiined, the awertion must be 
regarded only as an example of that peculiar spedea 
of malignant and brutal insolence in criticton, which 
Du^t Avm Um to be denominated Eitaoniatn. 


quitalem 7 Nemo dominc 

Or to 
Of ui herynges toile. 
To ryme or to ™ylc. 
To write or to indytp, 
Ejther for delilc 
Or eh for despite. 
Or bookes to compile 

Vyce to reuile. 

To Eeache or to prechp* 
Ab reason wyll reach ? 
Baye thys and saje that, 
HU head is so fat 



Nor Kherof he speaketh ; 
He ayeth and he crelcelli. 
He pryeth and be pekedi. 
He chydea and he chatters, 
He prates and he lutters, 
He clylters and be clatter^ 
He medtea and he smatters. 
He glows and be flatlerai 
' Or if he speoke plains, 
Than he lacketh brsyne 
Let bim go to acoole, 
A three footed stoole 
That be may downe syt. 
For he lacketh wit ; 
And if that be hit 

The nayle on 
It abmdeth ill 


The deuyll they i 
The deuill is dead '. 

Or els tbey wold see 
Otherwise, and See 
From worldly Tanitie, 
And foule covelousnea, 
And other wretchednes, 
Ftckell falaenesae, 
With TnsUblenesse, 

And if ye stand in dont 
Who brought this ryme about ? 
My name a Colyn Ctout. 
I propose to shake out 
All my conning bagge, 
Lyke a cUrkely hagge ; 
For though my rime be tagged, 
Tullercd and iaggcd, 

Rudely rayne heatdn, 
RuBty and moothe eaten, 
If ye tolke well therewjtb 
It bath in it some pith. 
For as farre as I can see, 
It is wrong with echc degree ; 
Vor the tempoialty 
Accuaeth the spiritualty ; 
The Hpirituall sgsyn 
Doth grudge and complain 
Upon l^mponkll men ; 
Thus eche of other bloiher. 
The tone against the tolher : 
Alas they make me shoder ! 
For in hoder moder 
The churche is put in faulte ; 
The prelates ben so haut 
Tliey say, and loke 80 llJ'C, 
As though they wold flye 
Aboue the steiry sky- 
Lay men say indede 
How tlicy lake no liede 
Their sely ahepe to fede, 
But plucke away and pul 
llie fleces of their wuU ; 
Unnetfaea they leve a locke 
Of wull amonge their flocke. 
And as for theyr connyng 
A glumming and a mummyng, 
And make therof a iape, 
Tbey gaspe and they gape 

There ia ilieir whole deuodon, 
With money, ifit will hap 
To cath the forked cap, 
ForsoUi they are to lewd 
To say so all be shrewd. 

What trow ye they say more 
Of the byshoppes lore. 

They lumber forth the law. 
To herke Jacke and Gyl 
Whan they put vp a bil. 
And judge it as they will. 
For other mens skill, 
£lpounding out thar clauses, 
And leaue their owne causes. 
In their principal cure 
They make but lytle sure, 
And meddels lery light 

le churcl 


In their jurisdictions. 
Through tempoiall afflictions, 
IVlen say tbey baue prescriptions 
Against the vpiritual contradic- 

I wot neuer how they warke. 
But thus the people carke. 
And surely thus they say, 
Byshoppes if they may 
Smal houses wold kepe. 
But stumbre forth and slepe, 

Within the noble walles 
or the kinges halles, 
To fat their bodies fill), 
Tbeir soules lame and dul, 
And haue ful litle care 

I How euil their sbepe fare. 

I Tlie temporality say plain 

, How bishoppea disdain 
Sermons for to make. 
Or such labour to take ; 
And for to say trouth, 
A great part is Jul sloulli. 
But Uie greatest part 
Is for tliey haue but smal art. 
And righi sciender cunuyng 
Within thrar headea wunning. 
But this reason they take, 
How tbey aiE able to make 

Clerkea out of meuure. 
And yet that is a pleasure. 
How be it some there bee 
Almost two or three 
Of that dignity. 
Full wonhipfnl Qerkes, 
As appearetb by tli^ weikes ; 
Like Aaron and Ure, 
The wolfe from (he dore 
To waiy, and Eo kepe. 
From their gostly shepe, 
And their spiritual IwmTnaa 
Sequestied from rammea, 
And front the berded golea, 
With their hery ci 
Set nought by 
Their names if 

But they are lothe to met. 
And lothe to hang tix bel 
About the catlea necke. 
Fro dred to haue a cheeke ; 
They are fiun to play, dcui 

How be it they arc good men. 
Much baited lyke an hen, 
Tbeir iessouB forgotten they haue 
Tliat Becket them gane, 
Thomas manum mittit ad fbrtia, 
I Spemit danuia spemit opprobrio. 
Nulla Thomam frangit injuria. 
But now euery spiritual! father. 
Men say tbey had rather 
Spende mucbe of their share, 
Tlian to he combred with earv. 
Spende, nay but spare ! 
For let see who tliat dare 
Shoe tiiG mockisli inarv I 
They make her winch and kicke. 
But it ia not worthe a leeko, 
Boldnesse is to seeks 

Tbe churebe for to dsfdute. 
Take me as I inteode' 
For lothe I am to offende 
In tbjs that I baue pende, 
I tell you aa men Bay 
AnwD<l wben ye nuy ! 
For usque ad tnontem &re. 
Men uy ye ciniicit appan. 
For Mme say ye huni 
And hanke on bobby larkci. 
And other wanton warkes 
Vilien the night darke*. 


I ipeake Dot of the god wife 

But of tbeir apostlea lyie. 

Cum ipas vel illia With sc 

Qui manent in villis. 

Est uxor lel ancilla, 

'Welcome Jacko and Cilia, 

My prelj PetronjUa, 




Tbe gray goie for to iboe ? 
Lyke faoundea of hell 
Tbey cry and they yell. 
How tbal ye sell 
The grace of the Holy Gosti 
Thus they make th«r boM 
Through euery eosl. 
How some of you do eat 
In Lenton season flesh meat 
Peuunte* patriche and cranes ; 
Men call jou tberfme proplianea, 
Ye fucke no ihiympeB nor pranes, 
SaltGih, stockfish nor berriiig, 
It is not for your wearing, 
Nor in holy Lenton season 
Ye oil Deiifaer beines ne peason. 
But ye looks to be let loose 
To a pygge or to a goose. 
Your george not endewed 
Without a capon Hewedi 
Or a stewed cocke, 
L'oder ber surfled smocLe, 
And her wanlon wodicocke. 

And bow wbm ye geue orden 
In your prouinciall borders. 

Some nullum soisuin habenlet. 
But beid*11y and mtaught ; 
But wban they haue once caugbt 
Dominus vobucum by tbe bed, 
Than raiDe tbey in enere slede, 
Cod wot wilb dronken tiollea ! 
Yet take they cures of soules. 
And wotetb neuer what they 

Rrter luster nor Crede. 
Construe not vortli a whistle 
Nctber Goi^l nor Piscle, 
Tbeyr Maltins madly aayde. 
Nothing deuoutly prald, 
TImu laming ■■ so tm&ll, 
Tlteir prymes and boutes fal 
And lepe out of tbeir lippes, 
Lykc sawdust or dry duppes, 

But tbe n 


c parte in generaL 

How some syng let abundus 
At eueiye ale stake 
With welcome bake and make. 
By the bread that God brake, 
I am sory for yoor take. 



You shall baue your 

Of such paler noster pekea 

All the worlde speokcs. 

In you the faut is supposed ; 
For that they are not apposed 

By conning and conuersation : 
They baue none instruction 
To make a true conUruction i 
A priest witbo'it a letter 
Without his virtue be greater, 
Doutlesse were much better 
Upon him for to lake 
A mattockc or a rake. 
Alas for very shame ! 
Same can not dcclync their nan 
Some cannot scarsly nde. 
And yet will not drede 

And it 

ihing IB 

This domino 
As yjse a Tom a thrum, 
A diaplayne of truile 
Laytb all in tbe dust. 
Thus I Colin Clout 

And wandryng as I walke, 
I heate tlic people tallic ; 
Men say for syluEr and golde 
Miters are bought and sold ) 
There shall no clergy appose 

A slmw for Goddes curse ! 
Wtlat are they the worse ? 

And eiPotnmunicatioDS, 

Aboule churches and market ; 

Tbe hysbop on his carpet 

At home full soft doth syt. 

This is a fcareful fyt. 

To heare the people iangle ! 

Now warely they wrangle, 

Alas why do ye not liandlc, 

And them all mangle 7 

Full falaly on you Ibey lye. 

And shamefully you asciy. 

And say as vntnily, 

Ai tbe butter fly 

A man might say In mocke 

Ware the wetho^ocke 

Of thee steple of Poules, 

And thus they hurt their soules, 

In sclaunderyng you for truth, 

Alas it is great ruthc ! 


Is but a hermoniake. 
And no more ye make 
Of symony men say 
But a childes play. 

Ouer Ibis tbe forsayd laye. 
Report how tlie ]K>pe maye 
A holy anker call 
Out of the stony woU, 
And hym a by^opp make. 
If be on him dare lake 
To kepe so hard a rule, 
To r}-de ipon a mule 
Wytli golde all be trapped, 
In purple and paule be lapped, 
Some hatted and some capped, 
Rychely be wrapped, 
dod wot to tbeyr great paynes. 
In rotchettes of fine raynes ; 
Whyte as morowcs mylke, 
Their tabertea of Sne silke, 
Tlieir Btuops of miit gdde be- 

Their may no cost be spared. 
Tlteir moyles golde doth eale, 
Theyr neighbours dye for meat. 
What core tbey though Gill sweat, 

ay ye i 

■ piynces aquilonis. 
And slTryne your rotten bones 
With pcarles and precious ntones. 
But how ibe commons grones 
And tbe people mones 
For preestes, and for lones 
Lent and neuer pnydc. 
But from day to day delaid, 
TTle commune weltli deeayd. 
Men say ye arc lunge tayde. 
And tlieruf speak e nothing 

Wherfore men be supposing 

Tbat ye geue shrewd counsel 

.4 gainst tbe commune wel. 

By pollyng and pillage 

In dties and yillage. 

By Uiyng and tollage, 

Ye baue monks to haue the culenge 

For coueryng of an old cottage, 

That committed is a callage 

In the charter of doltage. 

Tenure par service de Eolta^, , 

And not par service de soca^^ 

After old segnyours 

And tbe leanung of Ijdelon to-^ 

Ye haue so oucrthwaited , 
That good lawes are luhuertcd. 
And good reason peruerted. 

Religious men are layne 
For to tume agayne, 
In secula leculorum, 
And to forsake tbeir corum. 
And tagabundare per forum. 
And take a fyne meritorum. 
Contra regutam monun, 
Aut blacke monacorum, 
Aut canonicorum, 
Aut Bemardinorum, , 

Aut cruciGioruni ; 
And to synge from place to place 
Lyke apostataav 

And tbe selfe same game 
Begon, and now, with shame 
Amongest tbe sely nunnei, 
My lady now site runnes. 


Dune Sybljr our abbene. 
Dune Dorotbo and lady Bmm, 
Dune Sue our pryoresce, 
Out oT tbeyr cloyster uid quere 
With Ml hcauye cheere 
Must cut vp their blacke Tmyleg — 
What Colin there ibou ibailes 
Yet thus wiCb ;11 hayles 
The laj fee people rayle* 

And all they Ujre 
On you prelates, aod lay 
Te do wrong and no righw, 
To put them thus to flight. 
No Matini at midoight ! 
Boke and chalis gone quitA ! 
Piucke awa; the lesdes 
Ouer theyr headea ; 
And lel away tbeyr bels. 
And al that Ihey haue els ; 
Thus the people lels, 
Raylea lyke rebels, 
Rede ahrewdly and spela. 
And wytii foundations mels. 
And taike tyke titiuellea ; 
How ye br^dce Che deades willes, 
Tume mooairtenB into water millia. 
Of an abbey ye make a gmunge ; 
Tour Korkcs they aay are stiaunge j 
So that tbeyr founders soulei 
Haue lost theyr beade roules ; 
The TDony for theyr aaaaa 
Spent Btuong wanton iataet ; 
TIk Diiigefl are forgotten, 
llieir founder* lye there rotten, 
But whel« theyr Boules dwel 
Therwith I will not mel. 
What could the Turke do nton^ 
Wyth all hya fUse lore, 
Turke, Saraien or Jew 7 

O merafLil Jem >. 
Tou support and reaate 
My Rile for to directe ; 
It may take some effect ; 
For I abhorre to wryte 
Haw the lay fee despite. 
You prelates that, of ryght 
Should be tantemes of light, 
Te liue tbey say in delytt^ 
Drowned in delidis. 
In gloria et diriciis, 
Into honorable honore. 
In gloria et splendor^ 
PulgunmtEs haste, 
ViTcntea parum caste. 

For after gloria laus, 

Christ by cnielde 

Was nayled Tpon a tree -. 

He payed a bitter pendoD 

For ntani redemption ; 

He dranke eisel and gall 

To redeme vs withall. 

But Bwete Ipocrag ye drynke. 

With let the cat winke l 

Jch wot what eche other thynk. 

How be it per aniinule, 

Some men thinke that jv 

Shall haue penaltie, 

For your iniquity. 


Note what I say 

And beare it wel awaye ! 

Ifit please not the ologyt. 

It is good for astrologiB, 
For Ptfaolme told me 

Hie I 


In Ariete. 
Ascendant a degree ; 
What Scorpion descending 
Was so then pretending 
All latall for one 
That shall dt on a trone. 
And rule all Lhinges aloiH ? 
Your teeth whet on this bone. 
Amongst you eueiy chone, 
And let Collyn Clout haue none 
Maner of cause to mone. 
Lay salve to your own sore. 
For els ■■ I sayd before 

Sory therfore u 
Buttr ■ 


With language thus pointed 
Holy church is bruted, 
And shamefully conruCed. 
My pen now wyll I shatpe, 
And wrest vp my harpe 
With sharpe twinkling trebeli, 
Agaynst al such rdie^ 
That labour to confound 
And bring the church to the 

ground ; 
As ye may daily see 
Howe the Uye fee 
Of one affinitee, 
Conwnle and agree, 
Agaynst the churche to be 
And the digidtee 

And eyther ye be to bad. 
Or els they are nud. 
Of this to report 
But vnder your suppoite j 
Tyll my dying day 
I shall bodw wryte and say, 
And ye shall do the same. 
How they are to blame. 
You thus to diflame ; 
For it maketh me sad. 
How that the people are glade 
1^ church to depraue. 
And some then are that raue, 
Preauming on thnr wit. 
Whan there is neuer a whit. 

Against the ss 

Some make epilogatioo 

Of highe predestination. 

And of residenadon, 

lley make interpretation 

Of an awquaid (kdoa. 

And of the prescietice . 

Of diuine essence. 

And what ipoatatb 

Of Christes manhode is ; 

Such logike men wyl chop, 

And in thdr fiuy hope. 

When the good ale sop 

Doihe dnince in tbctr fon top ; 

Such ye nuty wel know and 

lliat agayn preMhode 
Ttiar malice spred ahrode. 
Railing hainously 
And diadainously. 
Of priesdy digiutiea. 
But their maligniiiea. 

And aoue loiie ■ anudte 
Of Luthen utke. 
And a breaning q«Ae 
or LuthecB vrarte. 
And are somewhat luspect 

And some of them baik^ 

Clatter and c^rpc, 

Of that heresy art 

Called Wicleuista, 

The deuelishe dogmatista; 

And some be Huasians, 

And some bee Arrians, 

And some be Pullmans, 

And make much varians 

Betwene the clergy 

And the temporally. 

How the church hath to mickd. 

And Ihey haue to litel. 

And bring him in matetialltiea 

And qualified qualities 

Of pluislities. 

Of tryalities. 

And of tot quottes. 

They commune like Scottei, 

As commeth to their lottes ; 

Of prebendaria and deanea 

How some of them gleases. 

And gathered up the st 


Of persons and vicariea 

Iliey make many outrryn ; 

Iley cannot kepe tbeyr whiea 

From tbem for tbeyr lyuea ; 

And thus the loaels stiiue^ 

And lewdly says by Christ, 

Agaynste the sely priest 

Alas and wel awaye '. 

What ayles tiieym thus to aaye ? 

They mought be better aduised, 

Tlan to be disgised. 

But they haue cnterpryied 

Alkd shunefullye surmised. 

How preUcy is sold and bough^ 

And come vp of nought. 

And whoe the prelates be 

Come of low degre. 

And set in mftiesty 

And spitituall dignity, 

Farwd benignity 1 

Fajwell simplidtye 1 

Farwel humilitye ) 

Farwel good charity I 

Ye are so puffed wyth pryde. 
That no man may abide 
Your high and iordly lokes, 
Ye cast up then your bokes 
And vertue is fb^otten ; 
For then ye wyl be wrokea 
Of euery light quarel, 
And cal a lord a iauel. 



Te boat*, ]re bee, j» oaks, 
And *paD jmi take 
To rule king and kajier ; 
And if you aajt baiie Ujier, 
Tc btyng all to nought. 
And diat ii all jovr tbought. 
For the lordo Umponll 
Their rule t* tct; raall, 

Htn nqr bow je qip^ 
TTk nobla Uoiid rojal ; 


Bat hunt and blmre in home, 
Leape orer lakei ind dikos 
8ct nothing by potilikfi; 
Thatbr* je keep tbem bace. 

To you, that ou«9 the wheele 
Lodes mmt couch and hncle, 
And bnake tfaeyr ha« at tlw kiwa. 



D tunieth the ball 
And mirth ao ouer all) 
Ibtf boamir hMh sgmt&IL 
Bml I tel you nun? ye ah 
I am loth to td all. 
Bat the coomuaaltf ye call 
Idob of BdMloo, 

For yoti lore to go trim, 
ftoB^tf Tp of poore eitate 

nvm the doi^ car^ 


■nd to rule, 

a grace to thynke 

rejv wunt to diynke 

mdi mould biwd to nt, 
Tc wmald none other gcate. 
To che* and to gnaw. 
To il Iberwith yoor maw. 

juat una u art of nunne : 
Te grow iww out of kynda. 

Lo^ tha Irii fete dip. 

Tat oueraU that, 
Ofbyahopa they liiMt, 
TbMt, tbmigh ye rcwiid yoto' he 
Ad yndw iboue your eare, 
Aiul Bures palentea 
And panim intendenlo, 

And blandior bUndiris, 

They folow your desyrciH 
That ye can not eapie, 
And 10 they blere your eye 
How the mala doth WTye> 

Ala* for Gods wil ! 
Whye Bytle ye prelate* rtyl. 
And suffer all this yll 7 
Ye bishf^pe of eatatea 
Sboulde open the brode galet, 
For your spiritual charge^ 
And confon m large, 
like lantemcB of l^t 
In the pef^lea B^te, 
In putpettea antentike. 
For the wele publike 
or prieathod in this case. 
And alwajea to cbaae 
Suche manner of siimatikea 
And faalfe heretikei. 
That wold intoiicate, 
Ilat wold conquinale. 
That wold faontaminstc^ 
And that would violate, 
And that would derogate, 
And that would ^rogate. 
The churcUs high estate^ 
After tUs manner latea 
The vhyche shoulde he 
Bothe &aidce and free. 
And haue tbeir liberty ; 
And of antiquity 
Il wuratefyed. 
And also gratefyed 
By holy sinodals 
And buls papals. 

lliat clerkely is, and can 
We] scripture expound 

HIa benefice wonh ten pound, 
"ant worth twen^ nurk& 
And yet a noble clerke 
luat do this werkc ; 

' mayaten of art. 
Some doeloura of law. 
Some learned in other saw, 

I dininitie, 
llat hath no dignide. 
But the pore degree 
Of the vniueraitie, 

see frere Fredericke, 
Or els frere Dominike, 
Or frere UuguUnus, 

Or tttn Oinnelui, 
That gboetly can beale Ts; 
Or elsae if we maye 
Get a lirete Graye, 
Or cine of the ordir 
Uppon Grenewiche border 

And a (Vera of Ftsuncf^ 

Or cleae the pom Scot, 

It muste come to his lot 

Tu abote forth hia AM ; 

Or of Babueil, besde Beiy, 

To poatell Tpon a kyry, 

llBt wDulde it ihoulde be noted 

Haw scripture should be eotad. 

And BO derklc promoted 

And yet the frere doted. 

But your auctcwity 
And your noble fee. 
And your dignitie, 
Kunild be imprinted better 
Than all the tnrm letter. 
For yf ya wolde take payne 
To prcBcbe a w<nde or twnue, 
Though it were neuer ao pUyu^ 
With dausea two w tfarat^ 
So a* they migbte be 
Compendiouilye conueyed, 
llioae wordea ■hould be mora 

And better perceyued, 
And thankfuUy receyued. 
And better sboulde remayne 
Amonge the people playne, 
That wolde your w«dee retsynei 
And rehene them agayne. 
Than a Iboiuand Ihoumnd other 
The blaber, harke, aid blotlttr. 
And make a WaMunan'i hou 
Of Ifac teit aud of the gloae. 

For protMtBticn made 
That I will not wwla 
Farther in this brooke. 
Nor ftitber for to laokt 
In deuiang of this boko. 
But answer that 1 may 
For my self alwaye, 
Ejther analogice, 
Or els ratbagorice. 
So (bat in diuinitee 
Docton that Iramed be, 
Nor badielers of that Guully 
That hath taken d^re 
In the vniuerdtie. 
Shall not be ol^ecled forme. 

But dodour BuUmub, 
Panim Utteratus, 
Domintu doetoratuB, 
At the brode galus ; 
Doclour Daupatue, 
And bacbeler bscbeleratus, 
Dranken aa a mouse 
At the ale house, 
Takelh his pillion and his cap 
At tba good ale tap. 
For lacke of good wyne, 
Aa wyte as Robin swine 
Under a notaries aigne 
Was made a diuine ; 

As w'lM as Waltonu calfe 
Must presche h goddes halfe 
In the pulpjrt soieoipnly, 
More maet in a pillory; 
For by sainct Hitlary 
He can oolhing smatter 
Of logike nor acole nutter ; 
Neyther ailc^iuire. 
Nor of en^ttunenive, 
Nor knovelh hia eloquence, 
Nor bis predicamence. 
And yet he wil mel 

To amend the goapel, 

And nil preach and tel 

What they do in hel, 

And he dure not wel neuen 

What they do in hauen, 

Nor how (ai Temple bare i> 

Prom the seuen Matres. 
Nowe wilt I goc 

And tel of other moe, 

Semper protestanda 

The foure ordera of fryers, 
Thoughe some of them be lyers; 
As limilers at large 
Wyll charge and discharge. 
As many a IVyar, God wot. 
Preaches for his grote, 
Flatterynge for a new cote. 
And for to have hyi fees, 
Some to gather cheest^ 
Lothe they are to leso 
Eyther come or mault, 
Sametone meale and sault, 
Sametinte a bacon Aicke 
That is three lingeni thycke 
Of larde and of greace. 
Their couent to cncreace. 
1 pQt you out of doubt 
This canoot he brought about 
But they their tonges file, 
And make a pleasaunle stj'le 
To Maigerye and to Maude, 
Howe they haue no fnude. 
And somtyme they prouoke 
Bothe Gyll and Jacke at nokc. 
Their duties to withdraw 
That they ought by the lawe 
Their curates to content 
lu open time and in Lenta ; 
God wot they take great payne 
To flattar and to &jne ; 
But it is ID olde sayd saw, 
lliat neede hath no lawe ; 
Some walke abouto in melottes. 
In gray ruaset and bery cotea, 
£H>me wil neyther gotde ne grotes : 
Some pluck a partrich in remotes, 
And by the barres if her tayte 
Wil know a rauen from a imyle, 
A qiiail,the taile,and {be old rauen. 

He could not nng lumselfe thcr- 

But by the help of Christiau clout 

Another clementine also. 
How frere Fabion, with other loO, 

Ic paradiso. 
Whan they again thither shall 

De hoc petimus cunailium, 

A nd through all the world they go 

With dirige and placebo. 

" ; now my minde ye vnder- 



And bydudum, their Clementine, 

Against curates repine. 

And say, propreiy, they are saoer- 

To shryue, aaaoyle, and reles 
Dame Margeriei soule out of hel : 
But when tlic ftier fd in the wel 


preach and to withstand 

bi^opa haue protections 
They say to do corrections. 
But they haue no afiectiona 
To take the sayd directions ; 
In such maner of ewes 

say they bean no faces 
To occupy such placoa 
To sow the sede of graces { 
Their hartes are rib fayikted. 


And other supersdcion, 
l^at they be deofe and duin, 

*Lnd play scylens and ^um, 
Can say nothing but mum. 
I occupy theym so ■ 
inging placebo. 
They wil no farther go ; 
lliey had teuer to please 
And take tbeir woiilly ease. 
Than to take on hand 
Worshyp to wythstande. 

Such temporal war and bate 

U nowe is made of late 
Against holy churche eatate ; 
Or to mayntayne good quarelles 
The lay men call them barrelles 
Full of glolony, 

\nd of hypocrisye 
llut counteriaylea and punli 


Tliey shew them politike. 
Pretending grauitia, 

And sygnyoiylie, 

With all solempnilie 

" r their indcmpnitie ; 

For they w[ll haue no lesae 

Of a peay, nor of a croise 


That Cometh (o their hacdea ; 
i farre as ihcy dare set 
yshe tlial Cometh to net ; 

Building royally 

Thier manciona curiously 

1 and with toure*. 

With hallcs and with bouiea, 

With glassewindoweaandbaiTmi 
Hangyng about thewallea 
Clothes of golde and palles. 
Arras of ryche arayo, 
Frchlie as llourcs in Maye ; 
Wylh dame Dyana naked 

How lustye Venui quaked ; 
And bpwe Cupide shaked 
His darte, and bentc hys bo^^'e 
For to shote a crowe 
At her tyrly tyrlowe ; 
And how Paris of Troye 
Daunced a lege de moy. 
Made lustye spoite and ioye 
With dame Helyn the queene ; 
With such itoryes by de«n 
Tbeir chambres wel be teen. 
With tfiumpbes of Cesar 
And of his Pompdus n-ar. 
Of renowne and of fame 
By them to get a name. 

Nowe all the world stares 
How they ryde in goodly chares, 
Conueyed by olyphantes 
With lauriat garlentes. 

With their semely homes; 
Upon these beastes riding 
Naked boyes ' " 


XVith wanton wenches w 
Now truly to my thinky _ 
'a specuhdon, 
nete mcditadon. 
For prelates of estate 
Their courage to abate 
From worldly wontonnes, 
Tlieir cbamlwe thus to drca 
With Budi parfetnea. 
And all such holynea, 
How be it tfaey Let down aU 
Hkeir churches cathedml ] 

„ t, and lord, 
That the church remord, 
Wilh oil (tanporal people. 
They runne against the steeple ^ 
Thus talkyng and telUnge 
How some of you are mellyng^ 
Yet soft and byre for swellyn^ 
" ire of a quesiKS yelKng. 
a besy thing 

e, and make rekenyng 
To goueme ouer all. 
And rule a realme royall ; 

Fortune may chaunca to flit. 
And wheii he wenetb to syt 

may he mysse the quis^on, 

1 red a preposidon. 
Sum regibus dimicare, 
Et omnibus dominare, 
Et supra te pravare. 
Wherefore he hathe good ttv 
That can himselfe assure 
How fortune wyl endure ; 
Than let reaon you support 
For the communalte, 
Tliat they baue great wonder 
That ye kepe them so Tnder, 
Yet they meruayle so muchs leMe 
For ye play so at the cheaae. 
As they suppose and grssa. 
That some of you but late 

li played so checkmata 

1 lordes of great estala^ 
After auch a rate. 



Hat tber iWl md normika, 
Kor Tpoo dwm take 
Fw ky*ge DOT ksTWr takf, 
Bm M ma pleasure of on* 
TiMtniledi dMicMalooa. 
Hdai, 1 nye Hel«, 

And DM so hardy oo his bead 
To lake OD God in foniM of bnMl 
But that the p^ryflh^ clcrkc 
There Tpoa moMberiu, 
And pmimt faim ■! hu aikjug 
For to Ma the laerTBg. 
And how ma; Aii aocotd. 

So hardj to make Hile, 


Not to cipreaae to bk penon 
Whbmit jouz ■auntacioti 
Gnunt hjni his licence 
To pnace to hi* preaance ; 
Ksr to iiiial I to him Mcretlj, 
Opoily, new pmiyly, 
Waboat bi> proiitent be bj. 

Permitted; bj saioct Luke, 
And by sweet minct Maike 
llii u a woodetoua warfce ! 
Thtf the people lalke IUm, 

The dmilt cansM ttop their 

Bm tiiaj wiU laUe «f Mcba 

An that MKT the; kea 
Agaiaatall ipiritiul men. 

Wket^ it he wroogeot rT^Ma, 
Or cb fiv dii|iight^ 
Or how* soar it bapa 
Tiefi ttamge* diiit do dap* 

Hay put yon (o your action. 
And whetha tb« (ay tniely. 
As they ma; abide tbeiby. 
Or els tbat they do lye, 
Te know better than I ; 
Bet now, dd»ti*>cira 
And groundlye audiie 

IV; lay they will ysu cast. 
nErfhte itaal sure and fiiM. 

Stud SBraMid nka good feting. 
And let be al yovr motiog, 
ToBT gsBng aisd your lotiDg, 
And your parcial praanoting 
Of thoM (hat stend ia your gnoe, 
But oUc seruaBntes ye cfaaK 
And pot thim out of their place. 

Of you diat clwikei be, 
Take Tpan me 
Thus copioudy to write, 
1 do it not for no deipite ; 
Wherfore take no diidaine 
At my stile rude and plaync. 
For I rebuke no man 
That lestuous is, why than 
Wreke yc your anger on me 7 
Par thoM that vratuous be 
Haue no cause to say 
That I qieake out of the way. 

Of no good byshop speake I, 
Nor good prest of the clai^, 
GotJcT Aere, nor good chanon. 
Good nunne, nor good canon. 
Good monke, nor good clerke. 
Nor of no good werke ) 
But my recountyng ii 
Of them tbat do amis, 
la speaking and rebelling. 
In hinderiDg and disauailing 
Holy church our mother. 
One against another 
To Tie Eucfa dispiung. 
Is all my whole wiyting, 
To hinder no man 
As neare ss I can. 
For no man bsue I nsmad, 
Wherfore should 1 be blamed, 
Ye ought to be ashamed 
Against me to be greued. 
And an tell no cause why 
But that I wryte trulje. 

Then if any ther be 
Of high or low degree 
Of tiw qiiritualty. 
Or of the temporaltye. 
Hut doth tUnke er weoa 
That Us ooDKaanix he not clns, 
And feleth hymselft aid% 
Or touched on the qukke, 
Such grace God them sand 

For I wyll not pretend 
Any man to ofiiode. 

Wbsrfore, at thinketh me, 
Great ydeottes they bee. 
And lytle grace they haue 
Tlus treatise to depraue. 
Nor wil hcore no 
Nor no Tcrtuoui t 
Nor wil haue no renting 
Of any Tertuou* wryting, 
Wil know none inteUigenoe 
To refourme tbeir negligence, 
But liue stil out of fiuioo. 
To (heir owne damnation ; 
To do shame they haue no shame. 
But they wold no man should 

theim blame ; 
Tliey haue an euii name. 
But yet they will occupy the same. 

With them the wo^ of God 
Is counted for oo rod. 
They count it for a milinge 
That nothing is aiuyling 
The pnacheit with cuil hailing ; 
Shal they vaunt vs prelates 
That bet" ' " — 

Not M hardy on thdr patst ; 
Harke bow the losel piatea 
With a wide wesaunte, 
Ausunte j lur Guy of Oaunt, 
AuauDte I lewde pieest, auaunt I 
Auaunt ! syr doctoure Dyuers, 
Prate of thy maltau and thy 

And let oure matlen paae. 
How darest thou, DaucocJtc, mel ? 
How dareat thou, loaell, 
Alligate the gospel 
Against ts of the counsel ? 
Auaot to the deuill of hel ! 

Take him, warden of the Fletc, 
Set hun faate by the fete ; 
I say, lyuetenaunt of the Toure, 
Make this lurden for to ioim. 
Lodge him in litle ease, 
Fede him with beanes and pease ; 
The Kinget Bench or Afarthalsy, 
Haue him thether by and by ; 
Hie viUaine preacheth openly. 
And declareth oure villany ; 
And of our fre smplenesse, 
He sayes that we are techkase 
A ud full of wylfulne^ ; 
Shameles and merdles, 
Incorrigible and inifia<Ti 
And after this rata 
Against ts doth prate. 

At Pauleg croise, or da whar(^ 
Openly at Westminster, 
And Saynt Mary Spittel, 
They set not by ui a whiatal ; 
At the Austen Piyera 
They count ts for lyan. 

And at Saynt ThooBS of Aktn^ 
They caipe vt tyke crakets t 
Haw we wyll rule al at will 
Without gi»d leason w AjU, 
And My how that we be 
Full of parcialitic ; 
And how at a pronge 
We tume right to wrOQgi 
Delay cauaea so longe 
Hiat right no mas can fang i 
Tbtj say many matters be l»m 
By the right <rf' a isnimes home. 
Is not this ■ shamefuU scorne 
To be treated thus and lome? 

How may we thus indure 
Wherfore we make you sure, 
Te preachers ihslbe yawde. 
Soma shalbe sawde 
As noble Ezechias 
TTie holy prophet was ; 
And some of you shall dye 
Ljke holy Jeremy ; 
Some banged, some slayn. 
Some beaten to the bnjne ; 
And we wil rule and rayne, 
And our matters maintuiae. 
Who dare say there agayne. 
Or i«ho dare dysdaine? 
At your pleasure and wil. 
For be it good or be it yll. 
As it is. il thalbe stil, 
For si master doetour of ciuill. 
Or ofdiuine, or doctout Dryuilt 
F £ 

I^ hfm cou^ Rmghe or srieui 
Renne God, renne deuti, 
Renne who dm; lenne best j 
And let take all the rest, 

It ia to dr^de men BajeB, 
Iieut tlie; bee Hdudn, 
Ai the; be ayd sayne. 
Which detennine playne 
We ihoulde not rise agayne 
At dreadAil doDio daye ; 
And so, it mneth, they play. 
Whidi hate to be corrected 
When they bee infected. 
Nor wyl! Hifia thi> bcdce 
By booke ne by crook* 
Prynted Tor to be ; 
For that no nun Bhould aev, 
Mor rede in any tcrdln 
or tbnr dnuiken nollea. 
Nor of tbdr noddy p<d1ea, 
Nor of theyr sely sou lev. 
Nor of some witlen palea. 
Of diaeni p'eat e*tata 
Ai well as other men. 

Now to withdraw my pec, 

while U 

it for the beste. 
The fore ustel of my ihip 

Shall glide and imolbely alip 

Out of the HBuea wode 

Of the Morniye floude ; 

ffiiote anker, and lye at rode. 

And aayle not brn a brode, 

Til the coeate be dere 

Ttiat the lode atarre appere ; 

My ahyp now wyl I pere 

Towude the pott Sslu 

Of our. Bauiour Jeni ; 

Such grace that be iii lenda 

To rectiff and anxnd 

Thingei that ate anda. 

Whan that bb plcamre ia, 
In opere imperfecio. 
Id opere aemper perfecto, 

Et in opere pltuqoam perfsclo. 


Dame Maijery; 

Fa ™ my my, 

Wherfor and why, why ? 

For the nule of Philip Sparow 

That WW late ilaine at Corow, 

AmoDge the nunnei blake, 

For Cm iweet wulet lake, 

HAV 1 remembre agayne 
How my Philip was alaine, 
Neuer btlfe the paine 
Was betwene you twayne, 
Pyramui and Thedie, 
Ai than befell to me ; 
I wept and 1 waylcd, 
~' leans down hayled, 

nothinjE it auuled 
To call Philip agayne 
Whom Gib our cat hath ilBy 
Gib. I »j, our c«, 

It cannot be eiprest ; 

Kirowful beaTynea 
Biit al without redrea, 
For within that aiound. 
Half slunibryng in a aounde, 
I fell downe lo Ibe ground. 

Unneth I cast mine eyes 
Toward the cloudy diyce. 
But when I did behold 
My ^BTow dead and cold, 
" creature but tbat wold 

e nwed vpon me 
To behold and see 
What beauioes did me pauge 
Wherwith my handes I wnmge. 
That my aenowes cnuked 
Ai though I had ben tacked, 
So payned and so sbained, 
Tbat no Life welnye remained. 

I sighed, aud I sobbed. 
Fur that I was robbed 
Of my Spvowes life ; 
O mayden, widow, and vifc. 
Of wtnt eatate ye be. 
Of hye or low degre. 
Gnat H>ni>w then ye might le, 
And laariM to wepe at me ; 
Sud) payne* did me treat 
That mine haite did beat, 
My Tisage pale and dead, 
Wanne, and blue as lead. 
The panges of hateful death 
Wei nye (topped my breathe. 

Hcu, heu, me. 
That 1 am woe for thee ! 
Ad dominum c 

Of God nothing els t 


UT Pliilips aoule to kepe 
From the mareei deepe 
Of Acherontea wel. 
This is a floud of hel ; 
And from the gieate Plulo^ 
The prinee of endle* woe ; 
And fmm foule Aleclo, 
With Tiaage blacke and bto { 
And frtMn Mcduna, that mare, 
Tbat lyke ■ faende dotb Mare ; 

And tram Megeiaa e<Iden 
From nifilingeof Philips fetben} 
And from her firy uparklingn 
Par burning of hii winges; 
And from the Hnokes Mure 
Of Proserpiiuu boutv ; 
And frpm the dennes darke 
Wber Ceiberui doth barke. 
Whom Theseus did afny, 

n Hen 

s did 01 


As famous poeI« saya ; 
For tbat hel hounde 
lliat lyeth in chaynei bound. 
With gastly heades three. 
To Jupiter pny wea 
That Phillip preoeniad maye bee^ 
ly ye wyth me, 


Helpe now ■■ 
LeTan oculos nwo* in montis. 
Wold God I bad Xeoophonlis, 

Oa Socratea the wyae 
To shew me their deuiae. 
Moderately to take 
Thys sorow that I make 
For Philyp Sparowes aake^ 
So feruently 1 shake 
I fele my body quake. 
So Trgently I «n btoughte 
Into carefid thought, 
I^ke Andromaca, Hecton wrfe, 
Waa weaiy of her lyfe. 
When the had lost her joy, 
Noble Hector of Troy ; 
Eneieaselh my deadly woe, 
Ffir my Sparow is go ; 
It was so prety a toole 
It wold lyt on a atoole. 
And learned after my icocde 
For to keepe hia cut. 
With Phillip kepe your cut. 

It had a reluet capy 
And wold lyC upon my lap. 

And SI 

a while bread a 

And many times and ofle 
Betwene my breates raft 
It wold lye and rest. 
It wa* propre and presc 

Sometime he wold gasp« 
When he saw a waqie, 
A flye, or a gnat, 
He would Ay at that; 
And pretety he would pant 
When be saw an anti 
Lord, bow be wold pry 
Alter the butter fly ; 
Lord, bow he wold hop 
After the graaop : 
And whan I layd, Phyp, Phip, 
Than he wold leape and skip. 
And take me by the Up ; 
Alaa it wyl me sloa^ 
Tbat Philip is gone me tro. 

Si in i qui ta tea 
Alas I was euU at sae, 

De profoundii clamari. 
When I aav my Spwow <l;fw. 



NawK after mj dome. 
Hum SulpicUat Rane, 
Wbme nanw r^istnd was 

And eloquently to write, 
Thoo^ «be woM prvtend 
JSj 8pin>w to conmiend, 
I trov she could not Bneade, 
Bepcning the venues si 
Of mj Sparbir royvl. 

Far it would come and go. 
And Be KO to and fiD, 
And on mc it *ald leape 
Whan I was asle^K, 
And h» letbers shake, 
WbcT wjrtfa bee wotd nuke 
He often tor to wake, 
And for to take him in 
Upon m; naked skin 
God wot we thought no ijn j 
What tfaough he cre|>t so law 
It was no hurt I trow, 
He did nothinge perdee 
But sft rpOD m; knee ; 
FUlipt thou^ bee were Tiise, 

Phillip bwl leaue (o go 
To pike my little too, 
Phillip myght be bold, 
And do what be wold ; 
PfaHip would seke and lake 
All the flees blake 
That he could there etpye 
TTitli Ids wanton eye. 

AUa 1 wold ride and go 

A THoiiaAKii mile of grounde 
If aaj audi might be foundc, 
It were worth an hnndreth pounde 
Of kyng CrcniB goMe; 
Or of Artalns the old. 
The ryebe prynce of Pai^ante, 
W^SDlist the Btot7 tosee^ 
Cadiimt, that his sister sought, 
And k dHMild be boughte; 
F«r gaid and fee 
He Aould ouer the see, 
To wete, if be coulde bryng 
Any rf the ^rynge. 
Or any of the bloude. 

Of ber crafty ma^e, 
Wytb a dianne ay twaJae, 
And play with me agayne, 
Bm bI this is in Tadne 
Tlmt for to eomplaine. 

I take my sampler onet 
Of purpose for tbe nones 
To sow wytb aticbea of nlke 
Hy Sparow white as mylke, 
That by reprmtmacioti 
Of Iniiiu^ and iacion, 

might impiBle 
aaure and comfort 

For my solace and sporte ; 

But whan I was toning his beke 

Me thought my Sparow dyd Bpeake 

And open his prety bill, 


le for I 


Ye piicke me in the head, 
With that my nedle ware red. 
Me thought nf Philypi bloude, 
"' le here tight vp^ode. 
And was in such a Iraye 
My Bpeche was taken awsye, 
I kC9l downe that there was. 
And sayd, alas ! alas 
How commGth this to pas : 
My fingers, dead and cold, 
Could not my sampler hold ; 
My nedle and threde 

KBje for drede : 
The best now that I may 
Is for his soule to pray. 

Good Lord, haue mercie 
Upon mj Sparowes soule 
Written in my bede roule. 

Japhet, Cam, and Scm, 
Ma gni ft «Bt, 
hew me the right path 
To the hillea of armonye 
Wherfore the birdes yet cry, 
or jrour fathen bote 
That was somtime a flote, 

' they lye and rote ; 
I,et some poetes wryte 
Deucalions floud it highte. 
But as verely as ye be 
Tbc natural! sonnes three 
Of Noe, the patriarke. 
That made that great arke, 
Wberin he had apes and owles, 
Beastes, byides, and fbules, 
That if je can fyndc 
" _ " ly Sparowes kynde, 
God sende the aoule good rest, 
I wDulde yet haue a nest 
As prety and as prott 
As my Sparow was ; 
But my Sparow dyd pas 
All Sparowes o( tlic wod 
That were since Noes floud 
Was neuer none so good ; 
King Philip of Moceduny 
Had no such Philip as I, 
No, no, sir, hardely. 

That vengeaunce I aske and cry 
By way of exctamadon 
On al the whale nadon 
or ratles wilde and tame, 
God send them sorow and shame ; 
That cat specially 
That skw so cruelly 
My litlc prety Sparow 
That 1 hrought yp at Carow. 
O cat of churlyshe kynde. 
The feend wsa in thy minde. 
Whan thou roy byrd vntwynde 
I I wolde thou haddest ben biynd. 

The leopardes lauage. 
The lyons in their rage 
Mi^t catcbe tbe in their pawei. 
And gnaw the in thdr jawea j 
These aerpentea of Libany 
Might (ting the venemously ; 
The dragona, with their tungea. 
Might poison thy liuei and lunges. 
Tbe mantican of the mauntaynea 
Mighte feed them on thy brajnes. 

Melanchates, that hound 
That plucked Acteon to the 

Gaue bun hia mortal wound, 
Cbaunged to s deere, 
The story doth appere. 
Was chaunged to an harte j 
So thou, foulc cat that thou arte. 
The set^ same hounde 
Might the confound. 
That his own lord bote, 
Mighte bite asunder thy tbrottp 

Of Inde, the gredy gripes 
Might tcare out all (hy tripes ; 
Of Arcady, tbe beares 
Might plucke aweye thine carea ; 
The wiUe Wolfe, Ijcaon, 

: aaondre thy backc bone. 
Of Ethna, the brenning byl, 
That day and night brenneth styll, 
Set in thy.layle a blase. 
That al the world may gaae 
And wonder vpon thee. 
From Ocdon, the greate sea. 
Unto the lies of Orchadye ; 
From Tilbery fery 
To the playne of Salisberye ; 
So ttailerously my Inrd to kyll. 
That neuer ought the euill will ; 
Was never bird in cage 
More gentil of corage 
In doing his homage 
Unto his Boueraine . 
Alas, I say agayne. 
Death hath departed tb twayne,. 
The false cat hath the slaine ; 
Fare well Phillip, adewe, 
Our Lorde thy soule rescewe ; 
Farewell without restoni. 

These vilanus false csttea 
Were made for mise and rattea. 
And not for byrdes small ; 
Alas my face waxeth pale. 
Telling this pyteous tale. 
How my byrd so fiiyre, 
Hiat was wont to repayre. 
And go in at my^ipayre. 
And crepe in al my gor 
Of ray goune befbre, 
Flickering with his wtngea, 
Alas my hert it stynges, 
Hemembring prety thyngea; 
Alas myne hart it slecth 
My Philips dolefal death 


Man; tjmes and oft 
UpoD m J finger sloft ; 
I placed with him, tittcl Uttel, 
And Ted him with my spattell ; 
With hii bit betwcne my lipi. 
It was my prety Phips ; 
Many a prety kuss 
Had I of his awete muaae. 
And now the cauie ii thiu, 
That he is slaync me Itd 
To my great payne and wo. 

Of fortunei this the chauoee 
Standeth at vatyauncc, 
Oft time after plasuincB 
Trouble and grcuaunce ; 
No man can be aure 
A I way to have pleasure. 
As wel petceiue ye may 
How my di^Hut and playa 
From me was taken aivaye 
By Gyb, our cat sauag^ 
liiat in ftitioua rage 
Caught Philip by the head. 
And tlue him there atarkB dead. 
Kyrie eleyeson, 

Christe eleyeson. 
Kyrie eleyeson. 

Poa Pliilip Sparowea aoule, 
Set in our bead mule. 
Let ua now irtiupcT 

See none be left behynd ) 
To morally loke thai ye £>wl 
With doloron* wingea funerall : 
Some to sing, and aome to say. 
Some to weep, and aofna to piaye, 
£uBry bird in hie lay. 
Tlie goldfinch, the wagtaile. 
The laogling jaye to nyie j 
The decked pye to chatter 
Of thia dnluiHia matter ; 
Androbyn red bieata 
He ahalbe the precit 
The requiem nuve to ayng 
Lofty wBibeling ; 
With belpe of the red >p«i««, 
And the chattering awallow 
This bearae for to halow : 
The larke with his long toe, 
The apinke, and the martinet alao ; 
The BhoiKlai' with hia brode bed. 
The dotosll, that folish pecke ; 
And also the mad coote. 
With a balde ftce to toole ; 
The felde fare and (he snyte. 
The crawe and the kyte : 
The ranen called roUe, 
His playne songe to solfe ; 
The partiyche, the quayle, 
The plouer, wylh n to wayle; 
The wodhacke, that aingeth churre 
Horaly as bee had the murre; 
The lusty chaunling nightingale. 
The piqiingaye, to tel her t^e. 
That toteth oft in a glaaae. 
Sbal T«de the gonpel «t mime ; 


luii, with ber whiatell, 
Sbe rede there the piatell. 

But with a, large and a longa 
To kepe iust ptayne songe, 
" r chaunteis ^ttlbe your cuck- 

The culuer, the atockedoue. 
With puwyt, the lapwing. 
The Teraydea shal synge i 
The bitter with his bumpe. 
The ^ane with hia ^umptf. 
The Bwao of Menander, 
The gooae and the gander ; 
The ducke and the drake, 
Shal walche at thya wake ; 
The pecocke eo praude. 
Because hya ToyCB is loud. 
And balh a gloryous tale. 
He thai syngo the grayle ; 
'" Dwle that wi foule, 
t helpe Ts to houle j 
The beron ao gaunte. 
And the cormoraunte, 
Wyth the feauant, 
And the gaglyng gaunte. 
And the churlish chouge, 
The rout and the kough. 
The barnacle the buMard^ 
With the Wilde mallard ; 
The diucndc^ to sleep. 
The water ben to weep ; 
The puffin and the tele, 
Honey they aball dele 
To pon folke at larger 
That abalbe theyr charge; 
The aemew and the titnvM, 
The wodcode with the long nosa. 
The tbrestiU with her wari^ge. 
The ftarling with bcj laablinget 
The imike, with the Otfir*f 
That putteth fiahea to aftay; 
And the dcinty curlew. 
With the tmtil most true. 

At thia Placebo. 
We m^ not well forgo. 
The countring of the eo, 
Tbe Morke also, 
That makcth his neat 
Tn diimneyea to rest i 
Within thoae walles 
No broken gallea 
May thne abide 
Of cokoldry syde; 
Or ela philosi^y 
Haketh a.great lye. 

Tbe escndge, thatwil eate 
Ad faorahowe ao greata 
Is the stede of meat. 
Such fenient faeat 
Hia atonuke doth &e«t ; 
He cannot wel fly. 
Nor aynge tunablf ; 
Yet at abiayde 
He hath well assayd 
To aol fa aboue £1*, 
Fa loniU ft fa ; 
Ne quando. 

An let him ring the bds. 
He can do nothing ela ; 
Chaunteclere, our cocke. 
Must tell what is of tbe dock* 
By the astrologye 
That he hath naturally 
Conceyued and caught. 
And was new taught 
By Albumaier, 
The astiunomer. 
Nor by Ptholomy, 
Prince of aatrauomy ; 
Nor yet by Haly, 
And yat be croweth dayly 
And nightly tbe tydea 
That no man abidos 
With partlot hia hen, 
WhiHne now and then 
Hee plucketfa by the bed 
Whan he doth her tred. 
Tbe bird of Arabye, 
That potenciallye 

And yet there is i 

This hetae that must blii 

That coat great summesi 
Tbe way of thuiificalioa 
To make fbmigacicRi 
Swete of reflarye. 
And redolent of ayr^ 
Thia cone for aence. 
With great reuerenee 
Aa paitriarke or ffope, 
In a blacke rope, 
WUlea he aenaetb 
He shal ayng tbe Ttaae 
libera ra^ 
In de la aol re, 
For my Sparowca aoule. 

Of the pbeaii kiude. 
Of whose incineradon 
There liaeth a new craadoo 
Of tfaewme fadim 
Wythout alteradoa ; 
Sailing that old age 
la turned into corage 
Of fresh youth agayne ; 
This matter true and playne, 
Playne mattv indeed. 
Who eo lyat to rede- 
But for the ^e doth fly 
Hyeat In the aky. 
He ahalbe thy aedeane - 


Male I 


The . 

Aa prouoat priocqiall. 
To teach them their tvdinall j 
Also the noble ftwcon. 
With the ger&ceon, 
llie tanel gcntil, 
They ahall mane aofte and 


Diiigc for FULpi «ouli ; 
TIk goshuike ibBl hsue a roul 
The querester» Ut ctmtroule ; 
Thf lajuers u>d durUon* 

The kstrel in >1 this wuk* 
Sal be boly nuer cUrite ; 
And Eu>w the darke cloudf pigbt 
Clmnh awmy Ptiebus brjgbt, 
Taking his coune inwud the 

God tend my Sparows soule good 

Reqiaemeternani dona BB doming 
Fa fa & my re I 
A par ta hi fe ri. 

Credo Tidere bona domlni, 
t piBj God Philip to beven nujr 

To hearsi be abal, from beuen 
Of al good pzaieia God send bim 

Faa. he mi a pre^ codu, 
A>d cvD* of a geatill (tocke. 
And vnpt io a maideos tmock, 
And diendied full daintdy, 
lyu trad &te made bim to dye, 
Alas tat doleful JtaUny i 
But whereto ihuld I 

To Jupiter 1 call. 
Of beauen onperial* 
That Philip may fly 
Abooe the Merry iky. 
To tieade tike pfety VTCOt 
llM is our ladies lien, 

Ym ooe thing is behinJe, 
Hjat DOW commeth to mind. 
An epiiaphE I wold baue 
For Phillips gnuie ; 
But fiw 1 am a majde, 
nmcnms, halfe linyde 
That ncuer yet anyde 
or Etycanes well, 
nivre the mtua dwell, 
Hiough 1 can lede and spcU, 
Secount, report, and tell 
Of tbetalles of Caunterliuiy, 
Soaie lad storyes, some nwny i 
Al Paloouo >ad Arcet, 
Duke Theseus and parlelet; 
Andoftbewifi; Bath, 
Thai worketh much scathe 
Whan her tale ii told 
Among hmwiues bold. 
How the contToId 
IW hmbMid et m ifae wold. 

And tbam to dispiw 

In the homeliisC wise, 
Bring athEf wiu«s in thought 
Theii husban Jes to kc at naught. 

And though that red baue 1 
Of Gawen and fyr Guy, 
And tel can a ^^at peece 
Of the golden fleece. 
How Jason it wui 
Like a valiaunt man; 
Of Artur* round talAe, 
With bis knightes commendable. 
And dome Gaynour hys queue 

How «yr Launcelote de hicK 

Many a speare brake 

For hia ladyes sake ; 

Of Tiistom and kyng Ma-ke, 

And al the whole waike 

Of beie Isold bis vife. 

Some say she was lyghl. 

And made faer husband knyghl 

Of the common hall 

That cuckoldei men call i 

And of sir Ubius, 

Named Disconius; 

Of quatar fyls Amunde, 

To Rome to Cliarlenwyne, 

Upon a great payne ; 

And how they rode each One 

On Bayard Mounlalbon ; 

Men se bim now and then 

Id the form Arden. 

What though I can fiame 

The atoryea by name, 

Of Judas Machabeus, 

And of Cesar Julius ; 

And of the loue betwene 

Paris and Vlene ; 

And of the duke of Haonyball, 

That made the Romaynes al 

For drede and. to quake ; 

How Scipion did wajie 

Tlie citic of Cartage, 

Which by his vninerciful rage 

He beat down to the ground ; 

And though 1 can expound 

Of Hector of Troy, 

That was all theyr iuye, 

Wbome AcHIIgs slue, 

Whetfore all Troy did me j 

And of the loue so bote 

That made Troylus to do*e 

Upon iayre Cresseyde, 

And wliat they wrote and aayd, 

And of their wanton wils 

Pandaer bare the byis 

From one to the other 

His maisIeiB loue to further ; 

Somtime a precioui thyoge. 

An oucbe or els a ryn^ 

From her to him agayn 

Soratioie a prety chain, - 

Or a bracelet of her heare 

Prayed Troylus for to weare 

That token for her sake ; 

How hartely he did it tidte. 

And much therof did make ; 

m -vayne. 

And al that wa 

For shoe dyd bi 

The story tclletli pi syne 

He could HOC obt^e, 

Tbough his father wer a Ling ; 

Yet there was a thyngc 

That made the male to wiyng. 

She made him to sing 

The song of loiKrs laye. 

Musing night and daye. 

Comfort had he none, 

She was much to blame. 
Disparaged is her &me. 
And blemished is her name 
In maner half with shame. 
Troylus also hath loM 
On hei mache loue and cost. 
And now must kisse tlie pott ( 
Pandar, that went betwene. 
Hath won notbyng, I wecoi 
But light for somer greeue. 
Yet for a special laud 
He is named Troyllous baud. 
Of that name be is sun 
Whiles the world thai dure. 

Though I remembie the fable 
Of Penelope moat stablt^ 
To herhusbaud moat trew, 
Yet long time she ne knew 
Whether he were on Uue or ded, 
Her wit stode her in stsd. 
That she was true and juste 
For anye bodelye lutte 
To Uliies her make. 
And neuer wold him forsake. 

Of Mbicub Marcellus 
A proGses I could tel t( ; 
And of Anttfocus, 
And of Joseph us, 
De antiquitatihuB ; 
And of Mardocheui, 
And of j^reat Asauenii, 
And of VcscB his queene. 
Whom be forioke with teenc. 
And of Hester his other wife, 
Widi whom be led a pleaMunt 

Of kynge Alexander, 
And of kyng Euander, 
And of Porcena tlie gicate. 
That nada the Homans to ■» *** 

Though 1 baue enrold 

thousand, newe and old, 
Of these Instoryaus Ules 
To Gl bougets and males, 
With hookcs that I baue red. 
Yet I am nothyuge sped. 
And can but lytic skyl 

Or of Plutha^e, 
Or of Frauncea Pelrark^ 
Alcheus or Sapho ; 
Of suche other poetes moe, 
As Linus and Homerus, 
Euphorion and Theocritus, 


Anacreon and Arioo, 
Sophocles and Philemon, 
Findanu uid Dimonjdes, 
Fhiliston and Phoradden ; 
Theiie poetea of aundentie. 
They are to diSiuw for me. 

Pot aa I to ibre haue myd, 
I am but a yonge majd, 
And cannot in eBbct 
My itile aa yet direct 
With eoglysb worde* dect ; 
Our naturall tongue is rude. 
And hard to be eoneude 
Wyth polydMd tearmes lustyc ; 
Oure language ia >o rustye. 
So cankered, and ao fill 
Of fivnardes, and ao dul. 
That if I wold appjy 
To write ordinstely, 

Termea to serue my minde; 
Gowers englyshe is olde, 
And of DO value is tolde, 
Hb matter in woitb gold, 
And worthy to be enrold. 
In Chauaer I am sped. 
His t«- ■ ■ 

FiOa sub imagine teita 
Cuius eiis TOlucris 
Prestanti corpore Virgo 
Candida Nais erat ; 
Fana<m<a ista Joanna eat ; 
Docta Carinna Aiit, 
d magnis Iita sapit 

is delectable, 

His englyehe wel alowed, 
So aa it IB enprawed. 
For as it is employed 
There is no englyabe voyd. 
At those dayes mucbe commended, 
Andnowmen wolde haue amended 
His En^i^e, where at they bariu. 
And marre alt tbef warke. 
Chaucer, that fanioua clarke, 
Hia teaimes were not darcke. 
But pleasaunt, easy, and playite ) 
No worde he wrote in vayne. 

Also John Lydgate, 
Wiytteth after an hyer rate e 
It la diffkise to Qmde 
The sentence of hia mind, 
Tet wryteth be in hii kind ; 
No man that can amend 
Those maten that be hathpendf 
Yet Bome men finds a faut. 
And say he wryteth to haul. 

WfaerfoT« hold me excused 
If I haue not wel peruaed 
Myne Englyah baite obiiaed ; 
Thoughe it be refused. 
In worth I shall it take, 
'And few^ woidea make. 

But for my Sparowes sake. 

My wit I shall assay 

An cpyt^he to wryghle 

In Latyne playne and lygbt g 

Wherof the elegy 

Foloweth by and by, 

Flos Tolucrum formoee Tale, 

Philippe aub ista 

Marmoreiam recubas. 

But enfiirsed am I 
Openlye to aakry, 

o make an outcry 
lite odyouB enuye, 
That euermore wyl lye. 
And «ay curaedlye. 

Bun immaculati in lia, 
O glorioea fcemina. 
Now mine hole imaginacion 
And studious meditacion, 
la to lake this commendadon 
In this consideracian, 
And vnder pacient tolleradon 
Of that most godly mayd 
That Placebo hath sayd. 
And for her Sparow prayd 
In lamentable wyse. 

Now wyl I enterprynB 
ThiKOW the grace diuine 
Of the muiea nine 
Her beauty to commend. 
If Arethusa wyl I send 
Me enfluence to endite. 
And with my pen to write ; 
If Apollo will pramise 
Melodiouslye it to deuiae, 
His tunable harpe atiingee 
With annonye ^lat singes 
Of princes and of kynges. 
And of all pleasaunt thyngea. 
Of lurt and of deljrgbt, 
Thorow hia godly mi^t ; 
To wbomc be the laud asetjbed 
That my pen liath cnbibed 
With tbe aureat droppes. 
As Terelye my hope ia. 
Of Thagu*, that golden floud. 
That pasaetfa all the earthly good: 
And as that floud dothe pas 
Al floudes that euer was 
With hya golden aandea. 
Who so that mdentandea 
Cosmogmphy, and the atremea. 
And the floudeain atiaunge remea 
Ryght so she dotbe excede 
Al other of whom we rede. 
Whose tame by me sfaal sprede 
Into Perce and Mede, 
Fhnn Britons Albion 
To the toure of Babilon. 


rt itis 


Thoughe I regester her name 
In the courte of btne ; 
For thya most goodly flourc^ 
This bio ea o i ne of &eahe coioure. 
So Jupiter me succoure. 
She flormheth new and new, 
In beauty and venue; 
J lac daritare gemina, 
O glOTioi* fceniina. 



Hia booea crake, 

Hys gummes rustye, 

e full vnlustye, 
Hys harts with all 
Bytti7 as gall, 
Hia liuer, hia Longes, 
With anga- is wrongc, 
Hya aerpentes tonge 
That many one hath atonge i 
He frowneth euer. 
He Uugheth neuer 

Causeth him to grin 
And TBiHce therein. 
No slepe can hym catcho. 
But euer doth watche. 
He is ao bete 
With malice and ttete, 
Wyth anger and yie, 
Wyl auAr no sleep 
In his head to cre^ ; 
Hia fotde aemblannle 
Al di^leaaaunte. 
Whan other are glad 
Than is hee «ad 
FranlJcke and mad ; 
Ilia tounge neuer styll 

liing and wringing. 
Biting ud Mingyng ; 
And thus this elf 
Consumeth himsdfo; 
Hymaelfe doth sloe 
Wyth payne and woe, 
Thys blse enuy 
aayth that I 
Use greate follye 
For to indite 
And for to wryte, 
A nd apende my time 
In prose and rime. 
For to expna 

That cauHth me 
Studious to be. 
To make a relation 
Of her commendadon ; 
And there agayne 
Enuy doth complajne, 
And bath disdaine, . 
Bui yet certayne Kj|C 
I will be playne, O 



To mbarfe m j pan. 

Tbor true bedel. 

Tbe orient pnrla w cksr^ 
Tba intaa of bcr Itrv; 
Ttw luit; nibj ruddea, 
RcsRnblc tbe roae budd« ; 
Her lippes eoft mi mery, 
Emblonieit like the cher; ; 
It wm u hewenly bljue 
Her lugred moutbe to k;r''<> I 
Her bouitj la u 

Of whoma I thinke 
With pen and jnk* 
Ftr to com|>jrle 
Sgcncgpodlr Oile; 
For tbn moste goodly floore, 
Tliii bloaauui of tnab coloor. 
So JnpiteT me ■uccour, 
Sbe floridwU) new and new 
la bcmutie and ireitiie { 
Uac claritate gemina. 

Al the godly fort 

Of bs fetnna deeie 

Tfart halb none earthly peers ? 

And CO bath raunhed me 
Her (o behind and *e, 
lid in wordeaplayne 



Or eb fayre PiJexene ; 

Oreia Caliope, 

Orela Poiolope: 

For tfafs moate goodly fl 

Tba bloaaonte of frealM coloure, 

Sht Aorulwth new and a 
In beauty and TCrtue ; 
Bac cUntM* gemioa. 

So proprdy it ia aet ; 
Sbe is tbe viidet, 
Tbe daiqr delecttble. 
The columbine commendable, 
Thii ielofer amiable : 
Thii moate goodly flouie, 
Thia blosaomc of freahe coloure, 
o JupiUT me succoure, 
She florysheth new and new 

Hac claritsle gemina. 

AffD whan I perceiued 

And DOtfaiDg wvUonlf , 
But right eoDuenienlly, 
And full o 

la moMe goodly wyae ; 
Who lo lyU beholi^ 
It maketh louers bold 

ler to aue for gnce. 
Her fauour to purchaae ; 
The «ker upon her chin, 
Fnrhiard on her ftyrc skin. 
Whiter thwi the «wmi, 
It woJd make any man 
To forget deadly ayn 
Her FauouT to wyn ; 

80 Jupiter me luccour, 
She dourioheth new and new 
In beauty and icrtue ; 
Hac cUritate gemina, 

Defbdt in lalutate tua anhni 

Qiud petia filio, mater duldaunu: 

Son, and make no din, 
For now I wil b^in 
To haue in icmembraunce 
Her goodly dalyaunce 
I And her goodly paataunce j 

So bad and ao demiire,' 

Behauing ber lO *ure ; 

With wordee of pleaaure 

She wold make to tbe lula ; 

And any man conuert 

To geueberbii whole hart; 

She made me ion amaaed 

Upon ber whan I gaacd. 

Me thought mine fautwncnaed, 

Hy eyen wtat to daaed : 

For thia moat goodly Sour, 

The bloaaome of fl'eah eolour. 

So Jupiter me auccoure. 

She fioryabeth new and new 

In beauty and Tertew j 

Hac claritate gemina, 

Quomodo dileii legem tuam 

domina. [omnia. 

Recedant TCtera, nova lunt 

And to amend her tala. 
Whan she lyat to auale. 
And with her Angeti small, 
And haadei toft as lilke^ 
Whiter than milke, 
That are ao quickdy vayned, 
Wberwilh my hand the itrahied. 
Lord, how I wae payned, 
Uanetb I am tefiayned. 
How ibe me had redaymed. 
And me lo her retaynHl ; 
Embraajng (hswilh all 
Her goodly middle nnall. 
With dde* long and atreyt. 
To tel you what conceit 
I had then in a trice 
The matter wer to nyce. 
And yet theiv waa no vjcv 
Nor yet no rillany. 
But only fantasy ; 
For this moat goodly Aonre, 
Tbe blosume of frcah colour. 
So Jiqiiler me luccour. 
She florisheth new and new 
In beaulie and vertue j 
Hac claritate gemina, 
O glorioea fonnina ; 

fniquoa sdio habui ; 
Non calnmnientur me luperU. 

But whreto thotd I note 
How often dyd I tote 
Upon ber pie^ fote, 
It rayaed myne hart rote 
To see her treble tbe gmunde 
With helea short and round ; 
She ii plainly eiprease 
Egeria, the goddesse. 
And lyke to her ymage, 
Importured with corage, 
A louers pilgrimage ; 
There i* no beat uuage, 
Ne no tygre so wood 
But sbe wold chaunfe bia mood, 
Suche reluceni grace 
Is formed in her taoe ; 
For this moat goodly flour, 
This bionsome of frabe colouR, 
So Jupiter me raccour. 


She floTyibetli new tai a 
In btauty oid lertue j 
Hbc claiitate gemian, 
O glarioB TiEmiiu, 
Minbilia teuiinonis liM, 
Sic utnovelho plBnutiime 

So gmiij t she ittmtt, 
80 properly tbie pnwH, 
The bryght golden tnHca 
Of her besre ao fyne 
Lyke Pbebus bcmnei ahyne. 
Where to should 1 diicloae 
'Hie giMErfTig of her hoM? 
It is for to nippose 
Howe tJiBt ehe on wean 
Gorgiotul je her geare ; 
Her finhe bibilemeDtei, 
With othOT impleroeiilea 
To urue for all enleDtet. 
l.;ke dame Flora, queetic 
Of luitf »omer grtne, 
Thii moste goodly flour, 
Hoi bloHome of frnhe coloure. 
So Jupiter me sticcouie, 
She fliRTiheth new and new 
In beuitjr and rertew ; 
Hac elaritatc gemina, 
O giorioHi fonijiia, 
CtamaTi in toto corda exaudi me. 

Hii. kfrtal so goodly lued, 
Aitd vnder that is braced 
Such pleaaum that I may 
Neither write nor s^ ; 
Yet thoughe I write not with ink. 
No man can let me thinke. 




Wold God 1 
Were pollidied with the file 
Of CiceroB eloquence^ 
To prajrse her excellence ; 
The most goodlye Sour, 
Hui blossome ik iieibe coloura. 
So Jupiter me saccoure. 
She 6oiy«heth new and new 
In besuty and leitue; 
Hac claritate gemioa, 
O glorio« to^ina, 
Prindpespeisecutinintiiw giatn, 
Omniiius conaideratis. Pandiiui 
voluptstiB, biec Tirgo est 

Mi pen it is mable, 
IVIy band it is TiBtable ; 
My reason rude and dull 
To prayse her at the fiill ; 
Goodly maiMns Jane, 
Sobre, demure Diane ; 
Jane this maistrea hight. 
The lode Mar of delight ; 
Dame Venus of all pleasure. 
The wel of worldly treasure ; 
She doth eicede and pane 
In prudence dame Pallas ( 

She fioiisheth new and [lew 
In beauty and vettue; 
Hac clantste gemina, 

glorioaa fiamina. 

RiaDrra etanam doiw as do- 
With this psalm, Domine pro- 
Shall saile ouer the sea. 

On pilgrimages to sainct Jamys, 
For shrympes, and for planes, 
And for stalkynge cranes ; 
And wher my pen bath o&kided 

1 pray you it may be amended 
By disoctc conxideralion 

Of your wise reformaeian ( 
I haue not offended I Inut, 
If it be sadly discust. 
It were ira gentle guyse 
This treatise to disjuw 
Because I haue wrilea and sayd 
Honour of this foyre m^d ; 
Wberfore should J be blamed, 
That 1 Jine named. 
And famously proclamed 7 
She is worthy to be mrold 
With tetters of gdde. 
Car elle vault. 

Paa tne laurigcrunt Britonum 

Formoaam potius, quam 
daret Homerus; 
Sc Jurat inlerdum ligidot recrean 

Nee miniu hoc litulo tena MI- 

Rieo que platiere. 

Tliiuendetti the bc4e of Philii 
oweth an adi- 
: Skelton. 


That they cannot amend. 
Though tbey wold spend 
All the wyttes they hsTC. 

What ayle them to deprnue 
Phillip Sparowea giaoe 

Can be no derogadon. 
But myrth and cooaoladon. 
Made by protestaciou ; 
No man to ndscontent 
With PlallippeB enteremenl. 

Alas that goodly mayd. 
Why tlionld the be aftayd ; 
Why BhouM aba take iiMM 
That her goodly name 

Honorably lepoted, 
SliDuld be set and sotted, 
To be matriculate. 
With ladyes of estate ? 

I coniure the, Philiit Sparow, 
By Ilocules, that bel dyd harow. 
And with a Tenemous arow 
Slewe of Ibe Epidaura 
One oi the Ceutaures. 

Or Onocentaures, 
Or Hipocenlauritu, 
By whose might and ie*jva 
An hart was elaym 
With homes twayne 
Of glittering gold; 
And the appels of gold 
Of Heaperidei withhold. 
And with a dragon kep^ 
Tliat neuer more ileptj 
By marcial stiengtbe 
He w»i at length. 
And ilue Gerion 
With three bodies in ons ; 
With migbty corage 
A vaunted the rage 
Ot a lyon sauage ; 
Of Dyomedes stt^le 
He brought out a rable 

With laapee and bounaca. 

And with mighty lugging 
Wrestlyng and tuggyng. 
He pludud tbe bul 
By the homed skul. 
And oSred to Comucopii^ 
And >o forth, per cetera. 

Also by Ecates bower. 
In FlutuB gastly tower. 
By the vglye Eumenidea, 

By the vciKinous gapoit 
That in bel is neuer brentc. 
In Lema, the Grekes fen. 
Thai was engendred then. 

By Chemeras flames. 
And all deadly names 
Of infernal poaty 
Where Boules fry and rosty> 

By the stigial flood. 
And tbe streames wood 
Of Codhu botumles wet ; 
By tbe f eryman of hel, 

Caron, with hia beard faor^ 
That rowetb with a rude ore. 
And with bis tare top 
Gideth his bote with a prop; 
I coniure Philip, and cal 
In the name of king Saul, 
Prime regum eipresse ; 
He bad the Pbitonesse, 
To wytchecraft her to dm ; 
And by her Hustons 
And damn^le illusions 
Of moveyloua condinoB% 
And by her supentidaiii 
And wntdaful eoodiciom^ 
She raysed vp in tliat steda 
Samuel that was deade. 


The Htfe anoe Samiid, 

How be it Id Suile d;d be tell 

The Fhilutlaec ihnld him tttrj. 

And dM next <kj he should dje, 

I wQ m; eelf diBchwy, 

To lettoed men at Iw^. 

Bnt Philip^ 1 coniure thee, 
No* hj tboe nuna three, 
Dima, in the •oodes graie, 
!,(»*, thai so bijg^ doth ■hjoe, 
IhnBLrpipa, in bell, 
TbttlHiii iboitlj tdl 

I pi»f God tli^ be pajntA 
No wone thui u contsjned 
In latei tiro or three 
That folowe, aa je ma; Me. 


IT liror *oliicrii [ua IW 

e npiant, npiunt qua AM 


[amen inTidiaiDon tibi coa- 

t, Google 


LunLM addition was nude to English poetrji, and 
no improrement, for nMH-e than « century aAer 
Chuiccr'ft demth. The cloister was Dot • Echool for 
it, but leisure was no where else to be found during 
the limg diil wan; and the men who were dispOBcd 
as well as able to have acquired honoun for theia- 
■elvea, while the; beneDted their country, by pro- 
moting literature, were engaged and sacrificed in 
the tremendous struggle. At the close of that 
struggle, Stephen Hawes flourinhed. He was a 
native of Suffolk, and may, probably, bave known 
Lydgate, whose poons, as well as those of the earlier 
worthies, it is said that he could recite ; a talent 
whereby be recommended himself to Heniy the 
Serenth's favour. But he had other and better 
cbinu, for he bad profited well by good opportunities, 

haTing been educated at Oxford, travelled in Francsi 
and studied with diligence and success the French 
and Italian poeta. Little more is known of bis 
life than that he was Groom of the Privy Chamber, 
and is said to have confuted a Lollard in a public 
disputotjon at Canterbury. 

The Temple of Glass, which has sometimes been 
ascribed to Hawes, is Lydgate's composition. Ths 
Pastime of Pleasure, as it is the best EtigUsh poem 
of its century, so is it the best of a kind which was 
cultivated more successfully in Scotland than ia 
England. It is said to have been composed in 
1506, and was printed in 151T, 1554, and 1555. 
There has been no later edition. 

Neither the year of his birth nor of his death ia 

rnciL, caLLED 

How Graunde Amoure walked in a medawe, and met 
with Fame enuyroned with tongues of fjn ca. L 

Of the Bwete report of Fame, of the ftyre ladye L« 
bell Pucetl, in the tower of Musike - ca.iL 

How Fame departed from Graunde Amoure^ and 
left bim Gouemaiice and Grace, and how he wente 
to the tower of Doctrine - ^ ca, iij. 

How he was let in by Countenaiice the portrcsse, 
and of the mameylous building of the same 

How Science sent him first to Oramer, where he was 

receiued by dame Congruitie - ca. v. 

How be wa* receiued of I<ogyke - ca. vi. 

How he WM rccciued of Bethotike, and what Re- 

thoryke is - - ca. vii. 

Of the first part called Tnuention, and a conunend- 

alion of Poetes - - ca. viiL 

A replication agaynst ignoraimt persons ca. ix. 
Of Disposition, the. ii. part of Retborike ca. x. 
Of Elocucion, the thirde part of Rethotike, witfa 

colouryng of soitences - - CL iL 

Of Pronunciation, the. iiiL part of Rethorike ca. lii. 
Of Memory, the. v. part of Rethorike ~ ca. liii. 
A cinnmeadatian of Gower, Chaucer, and Ud- 


How Graunde Amoure was enamoured of La bdl 
Pucdl in the tower of Musyke, and met wytb 
Counsayle in a temple . ca. ivii. 

Of the dolorous and lowly disputation bctwene Lft 
bell Pucell, and Graunde Amoure - ca. xvUL 

How La bell Pucell graunted Giaunde Amour lou^ 
and of her dispiteous departage - ca. lix. 

Of the great sorow that Giaunde Amour made bAbt 
her departynge, and of the wordes of Coun- 

How Graunde Amoure went to Gaomelrye, and what 

Geometry is - - ' - CL X3Ei. 

Of dame Aatrmom; - - ca. xiiL 



Of 4b direct opcntkm* of nitun . ca. sxiil. 

Of tbe Sue intamal wytta - ea. ndiit 

OftlwtajeinfluaicaafthewipBiullbDdycsra. iit. 

Hair Graund Anwiire departed frota the tower of 
Scieiiee, sod went lu ths lower of Cb jualij, where 
he TW let in by Fintituda - ta. iiri. 

Of the inanieTloiu •rguBunt, betwem Mm and 
Fortune - - - ca. iivii. 

How HjnBue ledde Oiaimde Amoimta kjug M»- 
Ifijot, vhiche made him knyght - ca. iiTiii. 

How he dspaited troia kjag Meljayiu, w' by> 
pejbevndoL, and Attendauncc hja varlet, and met 
with Falae Report, that cbaunged hi* name lo 
GuJft e j Cobilfue - - ca. iiii. 

How GiaundeAmoure is the tensile of VcDUB made 
his aupplication - - ca> iii. 

Hie cop; of the letter that Veniu lent to La bell 

How Cod&e; Gotnliue waa taken of Correction and 

Bow GrBimda Amoure diacoflled the gjauDt w' thre 
htadea, and was recducd w'. iiL ladyei ca. uiiii. 

How he met with Pereeueraiice, and icpoted him ia 
the mantnir place of dame CcHofbrt cl xiiiiii. 

How be TBJnquiibnl a gjaut with aeuen head* and 

How be nude oblation lo the goddeiae Pallai, and 

■aj-kd ouer the tempeateou* Sotida ca. iiivi, 

dthe woDdeifuUmonatCTofthe. 

HowIm w 

How whi Graunde Amour had liued long with La 

bdl Pucell, waa areated bj Age, that brought to 

Imn Policje and Auarico - Cl xl. 

How be wM areated bf Death - cau xli. 

How Re m e uibia unce made his epil^ih; on hii graue 

a. ilii. 

rith burning 

a marucfloua 

The 1 1 1 iiaarlnii of the Auctbour 

To lie Seadtr 

9riBx that all menne for the most put b; a naturall 
inclinatioci, deaire rather to ipend their dayea in 
pkeHiie wai delectable paitimea, (hen in paineful 
■tndjefl and tedjoua labour*. And jet neucrthelea 
hj the lecretc impiiadon of Almigb^ God (all men 
m general) » iniaciatelf thinteth for the knowledge 
<t wiidoine and learofng, that lome for Teiy earueat 
dcort tbercf (thoughe nature gmdgedi) ceaie not 
tD^tend their dajea and hourea, with (ucbe cotinuatl 
and importunate trauajle in lekynge the same, that 
hanyng oo regarde to the ouer preasyng of Nature, in 
iBi^iTiige with all diligence for the true vaine of 
knowledge, do sodaindy bryng forth tbeir owno coa^ 
ihaUD. Some contrariwite (wlioni nature to muche 
mUdi) b^Dg diaeomAnted wyth p-in-ftill and te- 
dHNB itudy, rather ehoae to be drowned in the 
>>nkyi^ floude of ignorauDce, thC wyth *o muche 
' a, lo i^la (wyth a l^ wyude) into 

■calcaod pnoea,!! 
taplwiMinU llanda 

of wiadMoe and ac 

thing c5(idfrad(Diiatg<Dtle'>«adar) loffhrhneTnta 
the foi thy better inatnictloQ thl* little Tolume, 
conteynynge and treatyng Tpon the aeuen Uberall 
•ciencea, and the whole courae of nuuut hfe, flrste 
compiled and deuiud by Stephen Hawe* gentleman, 
grome of the chamber to the bmou* Prynce and 
seamde Salomon, kynge Henrye the •euenth. A 

findeatone tyroe, wiadonie and leamyng, with myrtbe 
and wlace. So that herein thou mayest easelye fynde 
(aa it were in paatyme) wythout offeacs of nature 
that tbyng, and in >hort space, whicbe many great 
clarkea wythout great paynea and trauayle, and long 
continuaunce of time heretofore coulde neuer obteyne 
nor get, which aa it waa Grate entiluled by the 
Auc&ure, to be the Paaliine of Pieaaur^ and mder 
the lame title » dedicated to the aaycd worthye 
Prynce, by the Aucthourc tberof : lO ahalt thou good 
reader wyth deliberate readyng tberof, fynda it not 
onely tbe Paatyme of Pleaaure, but alao of j>totte. 

To tA* Ugk and vrigUy Atrue, Sexty tie truhk, fy 
tie grace of Gat, iyng of England*, and if Fraunct, 
Lorde <f Irtlande, $c. 

RiOBT mighty prince, and redoubled (ouei^n 
Sayling forthe well, in the ahyp of grace 
Ouer the wauea of this life Tncertayne, 
Rygbt towarda heauen, to baue dwellyng place 
'~ dothe you guyde, in euery doubtfuU ci 

•uui ouuciii«iii«, uuwi •uci iiiive eschewe 
Tbe ayniM of aloutbe, enemy to venue. 

Grace HlirTeth well, the grace of God i* great 
Whjch you hath brought to your ryall ae, 
And in your rygbt it bath you lurely lelte 
Aboue T* aH, to haue the Kueraindo : 
Whose worthy power, and r^all dygnitie 
All OUT nuicour, and our debate gan i laii 
And hath v* brought, both welihe, raM, and pa* 

From whom dyaeendelh, by tbe ryghtfVil lyne 
Noble piynce Henry, to auccede tb* crowne 
That in his youth, dotb so clearely akjnt 
In euery rertue, casting the vyce adownp ; 
He ihall of &me, attayne the hye renowne 
No double but grace, shall hym well encloae 
Whych by true rygh^ sprang of the red roaa. 

Your noble gimce, and eicellent hyenea 
For to acccpte I beseche r^ht humbly, 
Thys little boke, opprest wyth rudene* 
Without tethoryke, or colour crafty : 
Nothynge I am eiperte in poetry. 
As the monke of Bury, Soure of eloquence 
Which was in the time of great eicelleoce, 

Of your predeceaaour, the. V. king Henry, 
Unto wlKMe grace, he dyd preient 
Ryght famous bokea, of parfit memory : 
Of hya fisynyng, wyth tennee eloquent. 
Whose fktall ficdons, are yel permanent. 
Grounded on reaaon, wyth cloudy i^gures 
He eloked the trouth of al bia loipturca. 


Nor byde mj muter, wilb a tnixtj nooh* 
My rudeiu* cuDnyng. dadie >D Bon conniD 
Yet IB I OMJ, I shall blom out ■ fume 
To by de my mjmde, nuUroed) a fable 
By couert coloure, well knd probable. 

Beaechyng your grace, to pardon i „ 

WMcbe tMs iayned bble, (o eii±iie idlenes 
Haue u compiled, nawe without doubtauiua 
For to prercnt, la your by* wanhina 
To folowe tbe traca, and all the pofitswa 
Of my mailer Lydgste, with due eiercUe 
Suche fayned lalea, 1 do fynde and deuiaa. 

For Tndei a coloure, a trutbe may uita 

Aa wai the guise, in aide autiquitye 

or tbe poetei olde, a tale to lurmise 

To doke the trouthe, of tbcir infinnitye 

Or yet on ioje to haue mofalitye 

I me excuK, if by neeligence 

That I do ofiende, for lacke of adance. 

Tour gncet moat boudm 
one of the gromet of your maieme* 
ilL yeare of your proaperoui nqrgna. 

lut, Stephen Hawet, 

VV HKH Fbnbua entred wac, in Geminy 
Shinyng aboue, in his &yre golde apere 
And bimwd Dyane, thai but one d^rs 
Id the Crdibe had entred, fliyre aod clear* 
When that Auron, did well appeare 
In tbe depured ayre, and cruddy flimament 
Fmbe tlun 1 w^ked, without impadiiacot 

In to ■ medowe bolhe gaye and gloiioui 
Whiche Flora depunud with many a coknr 
Idke a place of pleasure moat aolaooua 
Encenaytig out, tbe aromalike odoure 
Of Zepherui breathe, whiche that euery flours 
Throughe hia fume, dotbc alwue engoidcr 
So ai I went among die floure* tender 

Bjr Bodune chaunce, • fitire patbe I finuda 
On wbicbe I loked, and H^t oft 1 mmed 
And then all about, 1 bebelde the grouid* 
With the faire pathe, wliicbe I lawe ao vaad 
My chaunce or fortune, I nothing refuted 
But in the patbe, forth I went a pace 
To knowe whither, and vnto what place 

It woulde me bryng, by any siinjlitude 
So forth I went, weie it ryght or wrong 
Tyll that T lawa, of royall pnlcritude 
Before my face, an ymage fayre aod aOtjog 
With two fayrc handes, itretiiied out along 
Unto two bye wayea, there in --'- — 
And in the right haode, waa 

Thin ij the itraygbt waya of contemplacion 
Unto Che ioyfull tower perduntile 
Who that wjll walke, »nto that rnandoo 
He muit fonake, all thyngea Taiiafale 
With the vayne glory, »o mucbe deceyuable 
And though the way, tm iiard and daiigeroui 
The last ende tbemrf', ahal be ryght piedoua. 

And in (tu otlKT haoda, lygbt fbyra wrTttaa wm 
Thii U tbe waye, of worldly dignitye 
Of the actiua lyfe, wbo wyU in JI paaaa 
Unto tbe towOT, of byre dame Beauty* 
Fame ihal tell bym, ttf the way in certaintye 
Unto I« bell Fucell, the fayre lady excetlent 
Aboue all other. In dcare beaaty splendent 

I behdde ryght well, botba tbe waye* twayna 

And muaed oA, wbycbe waa beat to lake 

The one was iharpe, Am other was more plaine 

And Tnto my wife, I bef^ to make 

A sodi^ne argumeot, for I my^M not slake 

Of my great musyng, of tfai* r^all ymagc 

And of these two waye*, so much in nage 

Fot thy* goodly picture was in altitude, 
Nyne fbtc aikd more, of fiiyre nurble stone 
Ryght well fauored, aikd of great altitude 
Thougbe it were made, full many yeres <soDe 
Thus stode I musynge, my selfe all alone 
By right long tyme, but at tbe last I went 
Tbe actyue way, with all my whole entent 

llius all alone, I began to Crauayle 

Forthe on my waye, by long conlinuatmce 

But often times, I had gleet maruayle 

Of the by pathes, no full of pleaaauncs 

Whiche for to take^ I had great doubtaunc* 

But euermore, ai nere as 1 my^t 

I toke tbe waye, whiche went before me ri^tt 

And at the laste, wfaen Pbdnia in the west 
Can to auayle, with all bis beamea merye 
When deare Dyana, in the fayie louthest 
Can for to ryae, ligbtyng our emiqiery 
With clowdra clesre, wythout the itaiiny pety 
Me thot^ht aftire, I bad a fysyon 
Of a picture, of marueyloua facyon. 

To whiche I went, without lenger delaye 
Beholdyvg well, the right bire portrmytuc* 
Made of fine copper, sbydyng flure aod gaye 
Full well truely, accoidyng to meaaure 
And aa I thou^t, nine fote of stature 
Yet in the breut, with letten fayre and blew* 
Was written, a sentence, olde arid true 

Tliia is the waye, and tbe sytuadon 

Unto the toure, of fiunoua Doctrine 

Who tlial will leame, must be ruled by Reason 

And with all his diligence, be must enelinfl 

Slouthe to eschue, and for to determine 

And set hia bert, to be inlelli^le 

To a willyng hate, is nou^it impoaalbla 

Bende Ibeyinage, I adownc me salta 

After my I^Mure, my selfb to repose 

TUl at the last, with a gasping nette 

Sloutfa my bead caught, with his whole purpoae 

It Tayled not, tbe bodye for to dispose 

Againste tbe beade, when it is applied 

Tbe beade must rule, it can not be denied 

Tbiia aa I satte, In a deadly ticmber 
Of a great bonie, I haarde a royall blast 
With which I awoke, aod had a great wonder 
Fkom whence it came, it made me sore agaat 
I loked about, the night w 


* reddi^ began to break* tbe day* 


I t>«e coma lidyng, in ■ vak)^ bm 

A goodlj t&dye, cnnironnftd ^uut 

With tDDgDCB of Bt«, w brisht u any ftun 

Tlui fiery flunbcB, nuensed ol way out 

Vhiclic I bdwlde, and wu in great doubt 

Her palfiey swift, noDyng u ^ winde 

With two white greyhouda, that vera not balund 

Wbtai that these greyhoimdeB, bad me m «^id 
With biinyng clicre, of great faumUitie 
]n goodly haOe, they fast mto me hied 
I muaed why, and wberfore it shoulde be 
But I welcomed them, ia euery degree 
They leaped <A, and were of me right fiine 
I si^iEd tbem^ and cherished them agaioe 

Their coUen were of golde. and of (yssue fine 

Wberin their names, appeal^ by acripture 

Of dyamondes tlial dio^y do tihioa 

The lettera were gntucn fayre and pure 

To reade thdr name*, I did my buiye cure 

The one was Gouemauce, the other named Giace 

Then waa I gUdde, of all this aodajne can 

And then the ladye, with liery flambe 
Of iKEimyng tongues, wai in my presence 
Upon her palfrey, whiche had Tnto name 
Pcgaie the swif^ so fiure in excellence 
Whiche Bometime longed, with hifl preminence 
To kyng Peraiu, the »nne of JuIhIct 
On whom be rode, by the worlde M> farre 

To me afae saied, she marueyled muche why 

That her greyhoundea, shewed me that huoure 

What was my name, ihc asked me truely 

To whom I Baied, it was La Graundc Anunire 

Beaediyng you to Ik to me succoure. 

To i1k towo- of Doctrine, and alw me tell 

Your proper name, and where you do dwelL 

My name quod she, in all the world ia kmiwen 

1 dipped Fame, in euery i^ion 

For I my home in stmdrye wise baue bloweo 

AAb- the deathe, of many a chamiiion 

Aod wicfa my '""f **, haue made aya m^icioD 

Of tfaar gnat aciea, agayne to reuiue 

In Innjiig loogues, fur to abide on liue. 

It was the cnatome of olde antiquitye 
Wkn the golden world, had domination 
Aal nature highe, in her aucthoritifl 
If ore utronger had, her oiieradan 
Tlicn Ac lulii nowe, in her djgreiainn 
The people then did, alt their buiye payne 
After theiT death, in fame to liue agayna 

Becorde of Satume, the finrt kyng of Creta 

Whicbe in hiB youth, throughe hiii diligence 

Foonde fint plowing, of the landes Bwet« 

Aid after this by his great sapience 

For the cammcn profile, and beneuoleoca 

Of all metalies, he made diuliion 

One from an other, by good prouision. 

And then also, aa some poete* fisyne 

He fovnde ibotyng, and diswyng of the bowe 

Vtt ai of that, I am nothynge cerlaine 

But for Us cunnynge, of hye degre and lone 

He was well bcloucd, aa I do well knowe 

TfanH^w whose laboure, and aye busy cure 

Hii baoc tboii liue, and sliall right long endure 

In whole tima laignad, also in Tliiiiwjfi 
A parte of Grece, die kyng Meliiyua 
That was right Mrong, and fierce in battaile 
By whose laboure, as the storye sheweth ts 
He brake Grat bones, wilde and rigorious 
Teaehyng his men, on tbem right wel to lyde 
And he him Mlfb, did first the borae bestryde. 

Alio Mynerue, the right hardy goddese 

VainquiKhed Pallas, by her great wcirthines 
And Gmt mide barneys, to laye liis pride adowne 
Whose gient defence, in euery realme and townu 
Was sprcdde about, for her hje chyuslrye 
Whiche by her hameys, wanne the Tictorye 

Dothe not rcro^rne, yet in remembraunce 
The ftuKius actca, of the noble Hercules 
That so many monaten put to vtteraunce 
By bU great wisdome, and hvc prowes 
As the reculc of Tniye, bearcth good witnrs 
That in hii clme, he would no battnylc take 
But for the wealthe, of the commcns sake 

Thus the whole mindes. were euer fiit and aet 
Of noble men, in aide time to deuise 
Suche thinges as were to the comen profile 
For in that time, auche was their goodly guise 
That after death their bne shoulde arise 
For to endure, and abide in mynde 
As yet in bokes, we maye them written ^'ude. 

O ye estates, sunnountyng m nouivna 
Remembre wall, the noble paynyms all 

the highjict 

Kemembre wall, the noble 

Howe by their labour, tfaey 

Of worthy fame, to raygne uiaiuuiMii 

And them ^iplyed, euer in qiedall 

Thinges to practise, whiche should prolltc be 

To the comen wealth, and their bores in tec. 

And after this. Fame gan to espresso 
Of ieopardous waye to tbe tower perillous 
And of the beautye, and the semelinesse 
Of La bel Pucell, so gaye and glorious 
That dwelled in the tower so marueylous. 
Unto which might come, no maner of creatt 
But by great laboure, and hard aduenture 

For by the waye, there lye in waite 
Gyantes great, diifigured of nature 
That all deuourcth, by tbeit cuil conceite 
Against whose strath, there may no man ei 
They are so huge, and itrong out of measur 
With many serpentes, foule and odious 
In sundry likenesse, blacke and tedious 

Most full of frtiite, replete with ioye and bliise 

Of right fine golde, appeareth all the aande 

In thin faire lealme^ where the lower doth etand 

Made all of golden enameled aboute 

With noble itotie^ irtliclw do nncare without 

80 W 

In whiche dwetleth b; great aucthoiitye 

Of La bel Fucelt, whiche a » Ikjn uid tuygbt 

For lyke u Phebua, aboue ill starres in Ijrgbt 
When that he i% in hii spere uyght 
Dothe excede, with bis beunei cleore 
8a dothe her beauty, oboue other appears 

She is bothe gcxxl, mje wise, and Totuoua 
And also discended of a noble lyne 
Rfche, comely, ryght meke, and bouteous 
All maner vertues, in h^ clearely rihine 
No uyce of her, maye ryght longe domjne 
And I dame P'ame, in eueiy nacion 
OFber do make the same relation. 

Her Bwete reportj so my hart set on fyre 
With brennyng loue, most bote and feruent 
That her to see, I had great desyre 
Sniynge to Feme, O ladye excellent 
I haue determined in my iudgemcnt 
For La bel Pucell, the moat fayre ladye 
To passe the waye, of bo great iei^iardye. 

You shall quod Fame, attayne the Tidory 

If you wyll do, us I shal to you say 

And all my leason, retAyne io memory 

To the tower of Doctrine, ye shall lake your waye 

You are now wythin a dayes ioumey 

Both these greyhoundes, shal kepe you company 

Loke that you cherishe them full gentely. 

And Countenaunce the goodly portres, 
ShaU let you in full well and nobly 
And also shewc you, of the perfeccnes 
Of bH the seuen sdences, ryght notably 
There in your mynd, you may ententifely 
Unto dame Doctrine, geue perfite audience 
Whiche shall enfourme you, in euery >cd«ice 

Farewell she sayed, I may not nowe abide 
Walke on your way, with aU your whole delite 
To the tower of Doctrine, at this morowe tide 
Ye shall to morowe, of it haue a syght 
Kepe on your waye, nowe befbre you lygbt 
For 1 must hence, to spe^iye the dedcs 
Of their worthines accordyng to their modes. 

And with that she did, from me departs 

Upon her stede, swifter then the wynde 

When she was gone, full wofuU was my hart 

With inward trouble, oppressed was my mynde 

Yet were the greyboundes, left with me behind 

Whiche did me comforte, in my great vyage 

To the lower of Doctrine, with tbcir fawning courage. 

So forthe I went, tossynge on my brayne 
Greatly musynge, ouer hyll and vale 
The way was troublous, and ey notliing playne 
Tyll at the laste, I came to a dale 
Beboldyng Phebus, decHnyng lowe and pale 
With my greyhoundes, in the fayre Iwy Ught 
I sate me downe, for to rest me all nyght. 

Kouthe vpon me, so bst began to crepe 
That of fyne force, I downe me layed 
Upon an hytl, with my greyhoundet to alepe 
When I was down^ I thought me well apayed 
And to my selfe these wordes then I sayol 
Who wilt attaine. sone to bis iourneya ende 
To lUHirishc sloutbe, he may not (MmdiMCnde. 

Thus tbi I slept, til that Aoroni hemes 
" 1 for to spreadc, about the firmament 
1 the clere sune, w' his golds sQvmea 
Began for to rise, faire in the orient 
Without Salumus, blacke encombrement 

the litle Urdes, roakyng melodye 
Did nie awake, with tbeir swete annony. 

I loked about, and sswe a craggy roche 
Farre in the west, neare to the elEDient 
And as 1 did ihen, vnto it approche 
Upon the toppe, T sawe refulgent 
The royall tower, of Morall Document 
Made of fine copper, w' turretles Tain and hye 
Which against I^ebus, shone so marueylou^y 

I coulde nothing, beholde the gi 
Of that pilaice, where as Doctrine did wonne 
Tyll at the last, with misty windes donne 
lie radiant bryghtnes, of golden Phebus 
Auster gan couer, with clowdes tenebrua. 



ed, of the great hyghnes 
Of the craggy rocke, which qusdiant did ^ipeare 
But the fayre tower, so muche of riches 
Was all about leiangled doublles 
Gargeyld with greyhoundes, and with many lyona 
Made of fyne golde, with diners sundry dragons 

The little turrets, wyth ymages of golde 
About was set, which with &e wynde aye moued 
Wyth propre vyces, that I did well beholde 
About the towers, in sundry wise they houed 
Wyth goodly pypes in their mouthea ituned 
That with the wynde, they pyped a daunce 
lelipped, amour de la hault pleasaunce. 

Tea tower waa greats and of marueloai wydenesse. 
To whiche there was, no way to pane but one 
Into the tower, fbr to haue an intre*M 
A grece there waa, ychesyled all of stone 
Out of the rocke, on whyche men did gone 

the tower, and in likewise did I 
Wyth bothe the greyhoundes, in my company 

Tyll that I came, to a myall gate 

Where I sawe standyng, the goodly portres 

Whiche axed me, from whence I came olate 

n I gan, in euery thing expreaae 
All myne aduenture, chaunce and busines 
And eke my name, I tolde her euery dell 
When she hearde thya, she liked me lyght well 



Vhcre ma • taaaUjoe, dqiured of plouaunca 
A Doblc ipriog, ■ royal conduit bode 
Made of tjae golde, enaindcd witb redda 
And on tbe toppe, fbure disgooi blew and stoute 
Tint dulcet water, in foure partea did spoiite, 

DTwhiche there loved, fbure riuen right cleaie. 

SveCo' tM Njsui, or Ganga vu tboir odour 

Tjpv, m- Eufivtea, into them no pen 

1 djd then laate, the aromatike licour^ 

Fagnnt of fume, fnOe ai anjr flower 

And in my moutlie, it bad a marueyloua cent 

Of diners qncca, I knen not what it menle. 

And aA^ thia, furder forl^e me brought 

Dame CounteiHunce, into a goodl; ball 

Of iMpc stones, it was woodenlfe wrought 

The windovrea cleare, depuicd oil of chriatal 

Aad in tbe roufe. on hye ouer all 

Of goUe was made, a ryght crafty ryne 

In ilcde of gnpea, tbe nibie* there did thyne. 

The flare na paued, with berall clarified 

Vith piller* mad* of stoaa predoua 

like a place of pleasure ao gayely glorifled. 

It might be called a palaice glorioiia 

Sa muche driectable. and icdacioui 

Tke hall was hanged hye and drculer. 

With clotbe of ana*, in the rkbest maner. 

That treated well, of a full noble Mory 
Of the doubty wsye, to the lower peiillous 
Howe a noble kiu^^ ihoulde winne the victory 
or many a aerpent fowie and odious, 
Aad die firM matter, then appeared Ihu* 
Howe at a Tentur^ and by vodaine chaunce 
He met witb Fanx^ by Fortune's purueyaunce. 

WUdie £d him shewe, of the famous pukriiude 
Of La bdl Fucell, to cleare in beauty 
EiceUyng all otbo-, in euery umilitude 
Niriare ber fauoured, lo muche in degree 
Wboi be bcarde Ihii, with feruent smitie, 
AttOdqianied, with Gnu» and Guuemauno!, 
He lake his waye, without encombiaunce 

Unto the right Gnnaiu, tower of Lnmyng 

Aod so froni thence, vnto the lower of Chiualry, 

Where he was made knight, the noble kyng 

Called Helyiyua, well and worthely, 

And fdrdennore, it shewed full notably 

L'poB Ibe arraa, Lmbrodied al of blew, 

Wi^ waa bn name, with letten all (^ gfewe 

Tinn with his tertet he toke on hi> waye 
Te die pnillous tower, and lytuadon, 
Hetyag Foly^ aa he rode on hii journey 
Bidynge oa a mare, by great illueioD 
Aftir wboni, ensued fiist Correction 
Aad in her *""^*, a ■trong knotted whippc 
At cnci^ iaite she made him for ts akyiqie. 

Aad tbeg Correctiaa, brought La graund Amour 
L'atD the towa-, wheras he might well see 
Dia0^ men, makyng right great dolouiv 
T\at defrauded womeo, by their duplicilie 
Vet before this, in perfite certayntie. 
As tbe arraa well did make relation 
la VcBus tampic, he made his oblation. 

After which he metl 

did him daunt 
Castyng him downc. under the linde 
With force and mygbl, he did him bynde, 
5trikyng «r his headea, then euery cbene 
Hiat of all three beades, he left not one 

Tins terrible gyaunt, yet had a brother 
Whicbe Graunde Amoure, destroyed aim 
Haninga fbure beadei, more then tbe other 
That vnio him wrought mikel wo 
But he alewe sane, his morlall foe, 
Whiche was • great gyaunt, with heades kuc 
To marueyloui, nowe for me to neucn 

Tet mote ouer, be put to *tteraunc« 

A venemous beast, of sundry likenes 

Of diuers beaatea, or tyght great ouscbaunca 

Wberof tbe pyrtwre bare good witnea 

For by his power and his bye worthiiMa 

He did discomfyte tbe woiideroui serpente 

Of dia seren metali, mad ' 

And eke tbe clothe, made i 
How be wedded, the great ladye besuteoun 
La beU PuceU, in her owne dominaciun 
After his labour, and pasiage daungerous 
With BoUmiK joye and mirthe melodious 
Uns bmouB ntoiye, well pyctured was 
In the fayre hall, vpon the arras. 

Tbe marshal 1, yclipped was dame Season 
And the yewres, also Obsemaunce 
The panter Plcasaunce, al euery season 
The good bucler, curteys Conljnuaunce 
And the chiefe coke, was called Temperaunee. 
The lady chamberlsyne, named HdeUtye 
And the hye stewarde, liberalitye. 

There sale dame Doctrine, that lady gent 
Whyche called me, nto her praaenoe 
For to knowe all tbe whole cntent 
Of my commyng, mto hs- eicellence 
Madame I aayed, to leame your scyence 
I am comen, now me to applye 
Wyth all my cure, in perfect studye. 

And yet also, I vnto her then shewed 
My name and purpose, without doublenes, 
For rery great joye, tlian were endued 
Her cristall eyes, full of lawlines 
When that she knewe, for lery sihemea 
That I was he, that should so atUyne 
La bell Fucell, witb my busy payne. 

And after this, I had right good chere 

Of meate sad drinke, there was great plentye 

Nothing I wanted, were it cbepe or derc 

Thus was I scrued w' delicate dishes dainty 

And after this, with all humilitie 

I went to Doctrine, prsiyng her good grace 

For to assigne me, my first Icamyng place 

Seuen daughters, most erpert in cunnyng 

Without foly, she bad well engcndred 

Aa the seuen sciences, in vertue so shinyng. 

At whose encreSBc, there is great lliankea rEdred 

Unto the mother, as nothing surrf^dred 

Her good name, and her dulcet lounde 

Whidie did engender, their originall gnMind. 

And first to Oramer, she first me sent 
To whoso request, I did well obey 
Vith diligence, forth on my w»y I went 
Up to a chambre, depayat^ fayre and gaye. 
And at the chambre, in right Hche araye 
We were let in, by hjghe auethoritye 
Of tlie ryght noble, dame Cimgnutle. 

Tm lad;r Cramer, in al hunible wiie 

Did me receiue into her goodly scole 

To whoae doctrine, 1 did me iduertyie 

For to attayne, in her artyke pole 

Her giited deirc for to oppressc my dole 

To whom I sayed, that I would giadiv leame 

Her noble cunnyng, w that I might decenie. 

What that it is, and why that it was made 
To whicbe she aunswcred, then in apeciall 
Because that cunnyng, should not pale ne fkde 
Or euery science, it is origynall 
Whiche dothe vs leache, euer in geneiall 
In all good onlcr, (a speke directly 
And for to write by true ailografy. 

Sometyme fn Egypt, raygned a noble kyng 
Iclipped Euander, whiche did well abound 
In many rertues, especially in leamyng 
Which had a daughter, that by her studye found 
To write true I^tyn, the first perfecl grouade 
Whose goodly name, as her slory sayes 
Was caUed Cannentia, in her Uuyng dayes 

Thus In the tyme, ofolde antiquitie 
The noble philoiophera, w' their whole delite. 
For the conunen pniGte, of alt bumatutic 
Of the seuen adencee, for to knowc the ryght 
They studied many, a long winters nyght 
Eche after other, tbeir pariM to eiprese 
This was their guise, to eachue idtcoas. 

The pomped cariceit with fode delicious 
They did not fede, but to their sustinaunce 
They folowed not tbeir flesh so vydous 
But ruled it, by prudent gouernaunce 
They were content, alway wyth Buffisaunce 
They coueled not, no wurldely treasure 
For they knewc, that it might not endure 

But nowe adayea, the contrary is vied 

To winne the money, their studies be all set 

The commen proflte, ia often refused 

For well is he, that may the money get 

From his neyghbour, wythout any let 

They thinke nolhyng, tbey shal from it paiae 

When all that !■> aha) be turned to wai 

The brittle fleshe, nourisher of Tjcea 
Under the shsdowe, of euil slogardy 
Must nedes haunt, the camall delyces 
When that the brayne, by corrupt glolony 
Up io downe, is turned Oien contrary 
Fimyle is the bodye, to great mhappinea 
When that the hetde, is full of dronkeimei. 

So do they nowe, for they nothing prepenee 
Howe cruel deatti, dothe them tore ensue 
They are so blynded, in worldly negligence 
That to their merite, they wyll nothyng renue 

And all this dame Cramer, folde me enery dde 
To whom I harkeoed, wyth all my diligence 
And after this she taught me ryght well 
First my donet, and then my accedence, 
I set my mynde, with percyng influence 
To leame her science, the first famoui arte 
Eschuyng idlenes, and laiyng all aparte 

Madame quod I, for as muche as there be 

VIII partes of speche, I would knowe right faine 

What a nowne subaiantiue is in his degree 

And wherefore it is, so called ccrlayne 

To whom she sunswered, right gently agayne 

Saiyng alwaye, that a nowne substanlyue 

Might stande without beipe of an adjectyue 

The Latyn worde, wtncfae that is referred 
Unto a thing, which is substandall 
For a nowne subatonltue, is well auerred 
And with a gender, is declinall 
So, all the eyght partes in generall 
Are Latyn wordes, anneied proprelye 
To euery speache, fbr to speake fiirnully 

And Gramer is, the first foundement 
Of euery scyence, to haue eon-itruetion 

Shoulde perfectly haue intellection 

Of a lyiterall cermc, and morsliiadon 

To construe euery thing enlentiAye 

The worde ia Graminer well and ordinately 

By worde the worlde, was made originally 
The hye Kyng Eiaied, it was made incontinente 
He did commaunde, oil was made shortlye 
To the world, the word iii sentencioua iudgmcnt 
I marked well, dame Gnuner's senlment, 
And of her then, 1 did take my lycence 
Goyng to Logyke, wytb all my iDlligeoce 

So by I went vnlo a chamber br^ht 
Where was wont, tu be a ryght fayre lady 
Before whom then, it was my hole delilo 
I kneled adowne, full well and mekely 
Besechyng her to enstruct me shortly 
In her noble science, whiche is expedient 
For man to knowe, in many an argunwnt 

Tou shall quod she, my scyence well leai 
In time and space, to your great vtilitye 
So that in me lukyng, you ^lal then diso 
A fVende (Vom foe, and good from iniquii 
Ryght from wrong, ye shal] knowe in 
My scyence is, all the yll to eschewe 
And for to knowe, the false from the t 


tn hnvn aboiNr be ilul hMue dwelling placa 
And who thM walkelh, the wiif of darfcma 
Spcndjng his tjme, in worldelf vTetchedoe* 
A mjddes the cuth, in bell moM horriUe 
He whmil huie pajne, nothyng eitinpijisjrblv 

So W Logyke, ii good perceuenunce 
To deuide the goiKl, and the euil ■ (under 

To tah« the good. And cut the euyl mder. 
If God nude bell, it is theraf no wander 
Fv to piuiy^e Towi, tliat had intelligence 
To know good <riun yll, bj Hue eipeiieace 

Crounded on reason, well mnd wondenljr 
Who mderaode all logike tnielir 
Nothjog bf rBOson, mj^ght be in pleod^ge 
But he the Irouthe, shculdc haue in knowlegyng 

Her wise doctrine, I nurked in memor; 
And toke my leaue, of her hye person 
Benow that I myght, no Iptiger t«ry 
The yeie was spent, and so fane then gone 
And of my Udye, yet syght had I none 
Whi^e was abidyng, in the tower of ^Muayke 
Wherfbra (iiuhic, I went to ReAoryke. 

went ■ stayre 

TsAW aboue Logike, rp » 
Into a chamber, gaylye glorified 
an ii we d w" flowers, of al gcxidly ayre 
WlHe aate a lady, greatly magnified 
And ber tnie vesture, clearly purified 
And ouer her heade, that was bryght and at 
flie h^ a garlaiwle, of the laurell grene 

HcT goodly chambo-, was set all about 
Wth depured mirnini^ of ipeculatiou 
The Aagraunt fumes, did well encense out 
AH miny Tapoun, of perturbacdon 
Man liker waa, her habitation 
Umo a place which is celestiall 
Tbea to a terrajne, mandon (ktall 

Before whom then, I did knele a downe 
Saying, O statre of famous eloquence 
O ^ted goddeae, of the hyghe renowne 
Eupyred. with the heaaenty influence 
Of the dulcet well, of complacence 
Dpcn my myDde, with dewe sromatike, 
Distyll adowue, thy lusty Retborike 

And depajTK my lange, w' thy royall flowen 
Of lUicate odours, that I may ensue 
la ny purpose, to glad my auditoura 
Aad with thy power, that thou me endue 
To luaalUse, thy litleiall Gensei true 
And dense away, the mist of ignormuACe 
With depured beamea, of goodly ordinaunce. 

Vitb famnble esrea, of parfite audience 

Buyng iba woulde, in her goodly idciic* 
In shrat apace, me ao well indoctrine 
lliat my dull mynde, it shoulde enlumyne 
With golden beamea, for euer to opprtase 
My rude language, aud all my symplenes 

I thanked her, of her grtkt gentlenes. 
And aied her, after this ijuestion 
Madame I taied, I woulde knove doabtle* 
What Rethorike is, wytbout abusyon 
Retborike she saied, was founde hy reason 
Man for to goueme, well and prudenlly 
His wordes to ord^, his ipcacbe to purifys 

Fiue pattes bath Rethorike, for to worie true 

Without H'hiche fiue there can be no sentence 
For these fyue, do well euermore renue 
The matter perfite: with good intelligence 
Who that wyll ee them, wylli all hys diligenc 
Merc folowyng, I shall them specifyc 
Accordyng well, vnia myne ordinary. 


It of them, is called Ii 

noble » 

Of. V. inwarde wittes, w' whole affection 
A> wrytetfa ryghl many a noble claike, 
Wyth misty coloure, of dowdes darke 
Howe commen wytte, dotbe full well elect 
What it shoulde take, and vbat it shall abiecle 

, And secondlye, by 'magination 
To drawe a matter, ful facundious 
Full marueylous, is the operation 
To make of nought, reason senlendous 
Clokyng a trouthe, wyth coloure tenebrous 
For often vnder, a fayre fayned fable 
A trouthe appearelh, greatly profitable 

It was the guyte, in otde antiquitye 
Of ftmou* poetes, rygfat ymaginatife 
Fables to fayne, by good aucthoritye 
They were so wyse, and so inuenlyfe 
Tbeyr obscure reason, fayre and sugratyfe 
Pronounced trouthe, mder clowdy fygurea 
By the iuuention, of theyr fatall scriptures 

And thirdly, they had niche a« fansy 

In thys bye art, to be intelligible 

Tbeii fame encreasyng euermore truelj, 

To slouthe euer, they were inuyndble 

To their wofull hsrtes, waa nought impowble 

Wyth brennyng loue, of inmciale fyre 

Newe Ihynges lo fynde, they set their desyre 

For tboughe a man, of hys prapre mynde 

Be inuentyfc, and he do not applye 

Hii fanlasye, Tnto the busye kynde 

Of hys cunnynge, it may not talifye. 

For fantaaye, must nedes eiemplilye 

His new inuention, and cause hym to entetuile 

Wyth whole desyre, lo bryng it to an ende 

And fourthly, by good estimation 


or tblB tnaUa, irith bremacion 

That he w»Ike not, by long c< 

The penimbuUt my, full of aii Tsnnunce 

By esdmacion, a n^e umunciale 

Whether the matter, be long or breuiale 

For to Inuention. it ia equipolent 

The matter founde, ryglit well to comprchende 

In Bucbe a apace, ta is conuenienl 

For properlye, it dothe euer ptetende 

Of ^ the puipoae, the length to extends 

So estimstian, may ryght well conclude 

The periite number, ot euery aimilitude 

And yet then, the retentife •nemory 
Whicbe i» the fift, must euer agregale 
All mattera thought, to reCayne ioHardlye 
lyil reason therof, batb made aprobate 
And by scripture, will make demomtrUe 
Outwardly, accordyng to the thought 
To proue a reason, Tpon a thyng of nought 

Thus whs the fourth, hath wrought ful woderly 

Then must the mynde, worke vpon them all 

By cours ingenious, to runne directly 

Afta' their thoughtes, then in gcnerall 

The mynde mOKl cause them, to be memorial 

As after this, shall ^peare more opeolye 

All whole eiprest, by dame Philosophye. 

O trust of Tertue, and of royall pleasure 

or famous poetes, many yeres ago 

O iniBciale couetise, of the special treanire 

Of newe inuendon, of idlenes the To 

We may you laude, and often praise also 

And specially, for worthy causes thre 

Whidie to this daye, we may bothe here and see 

As to the first, your whole desire was aet 
Fable to fayne, to eschue idlenes 
With ampliBtion, more cnnnyng to get 
By the laboure, of inuentife busines 
Touching the mulhe, by couert likeaes 
To djsnull *yce, and the vycious to blame 
Your dedcs tberto, Mcmpljfied the same. 

And secondly, rj^t well you did endite 
Of the worthy actes, of many a conqueroure 
Throughe which labour, that you did so write 
Unto this dayc, rayneth the hoDOure 
Of euery noble, and myghty warriour 
And for your labour, and your busy paine 
Your tame yet liuelh, and shal endure certaine 

And eke to praise you, we are greatly bounde 
Because our cunnyng, from you so precedeth 
For you Iherof, were first originatl grounde 
And Tpon your scripture, our science ensueth 
Tour splendent verses, our lightnea renueth 
And so we ought, to laude and magojfie 
Tour excellent springes, of tkmoua poetry. 

But rude people, oppreM with bUndnes 
Against your fables, will often soUwise 
Suche is their minde, such is their niliahne* 
For they bekuo, in no maner of wysc 
ThM nider a coloure, a tniuth may aiTai 

O sU ye cursed, and suche euil foles 

Whose ughtes be blynded, ouer all with foly 

Open your eyes, in tlie pleasaunt wholes 

Of parfect cunnyng, or that you replye 

Against fuble^ for to be conlrarye 

For IscLe of cunnyng, do maruell though you en 

In suche scyence, wluche is from you so farre 

For now the people, whiclie is dull and nide 
If that they do reade, a fatall scripture 
And can not moralise, the amilutude 
Whiche to their witles, is so hirde and obscure 
Then will tliey saye, that it is sene in vre 
Thmt nought do poetes, but depaynt and lye 
Decduyng them, by tongues ot flattery. 

But what for that, they am not defame 

The poetes actes, whiche aie in elTect 

Unto themselues, remaynelh the shame 

To disprayse that, wliich they can not correct 

And if that (hey, had in it inspect 

Than they would it pnise, and often eleuBte 

For it sboulde be to them, so delicate. 

The saconde part, of crafty Rechorike 

May well be called, Dispusidon 

That dothc so hyc matters arumalikc 

Adowne distyll, by consolation 

As olde poetes, make demonstration 

That Mercury, throughe his preenunence 

His natioes endueth, with t^mous eloquence 

By very reason, it msye right well ^ipeare 
lliat diueis persons, in sundry wise delite 
Their consolations, doth contrary so stecre 
That many mindes, may not agre arygbt 
Suche is the planets, of their course and myght 
But what for that, be it good or y!l 
Them for to folowe, it is at mans fre wyll. 

And Dispoudon, the true seconde parte 
Of Rethorike, doth euermore dyrect 
The matters found, of this ii<Me arte 
Oeuying them place, after the aspect 
And oft Cyme, it hath the inspect 
As Irom a byre, perfiie narration 
Or els by a aledfast, argumentation 

Of the cause, then by ou 
Be harde and difficult, in the tttrauncs 
So as the minde, haue no perceueraunce 
Nor of the beginnyng, can haue audience 
bqjyn the lentenec 

And if it be, a little proUdile 

From any maner sted&M aigtmnent 

We order it, fbr to be right stable 

And then we neuer begyn our sentment 

Recityng letters, not conuenient 

But this commutation, shouldc be rufitsed 

Without cause or thing, make it be ned. 


Thn thtf I write. Is hud and cmiert 
To than thu haue, luthing intelligenM 
Up lo downe, thej make it oft tnnsuert 
Or liiBt they can knowe, the, expezieiKe 
Of this craA, and ^cundioufl s^ence 
By duposttwii, the reiboricj»a 
To make lawes, oidiiiatelT began 

Without difpoacioo, none order gan be 
For the d ap Q ai tioP< ladreth cuery nsatter 
And geuetb the place, after the degree 
WHtnut atda, wjtiiout tBuoa ve clatter 
Wbov is DO mwn, it Tayletfa not to chatter 
IXqwsitioni ordreth a tale dyrectlye 
In a perftct reaaoo, ta conclude inid; 

The &I>]1 problemei, irf olde antiquitye 
Cloked with miit, and with clowdes darte 
Ordered with ronon. and hye aucthorit;r< 
The timth did ibewe, of all their couot wark 
Tbna bmoK Ibey mad^ maiiys a noble claiko 

Tliey nutde our lawea, with great diligence 

Befone the lawe, in • tombling barge 
The people nyled, without perfectDei 
Thraigbe the workb;, all about at large 
Tlwy W DO order, nor no atedTHtncs 
1^ retbotician*, fbunde justice doublles 
Ordeynyog kyi^es, of rigbl high dignjtie 

Tlie barge to stent, with lawe and justice 
Ouer tbe waues, of this life tramilorye 
To direct wrongea, and alio prejudyce 
Aod tho that wil, ren^ a contrarye 
Agaiuit tbeir kyng, by justice iqienly 
For their rebellion, and euill treason 
Shall ralfer deatii, liy right and reuon 

O what laade, glory, and great bououre 
L'Bo tbeae poeies, ibsll be notified 
The wbidw distilled, aromatilce lycoure 
Ckaiyii^ our syght, with order purified 
Wboee famous diwightes, so exemplified 
Sm T> in order, grace, and gouernaunco 
To Ijue dyrectlye, without encombrauncc. 

Bat muiy one, tlie whiche is rude and dull 
mil des^se thar worfce, fin- lack of cunnyng 
AD in myne, they do so hale and pull 
When they tberof, lacke Tnderslandyng 
They grope ouer, where in no felyng 

Tithuat tby* thyrd [wrt, it nyleth ryght nought 
Tbougfae it be foande, and in order brought 
Ycf EkKntion, wytfa tiM helpe of Mercury 
Hk maner eiorneth, ryght well factnuUinuiy 

To the artike eare* swete and delidous 
Tbe golden Retboryke, i« good refectioD 

Aud to the reader, lyght mnwlation 
As we do golde, from copper puiiiye 
So that Elocution, dothe [ighte well claiiiye 

The dulcet spcscbe, from the language rude 
Tcllyng the tale in termea eloquent 
The baibary tongue, it doihe farre eidude 
Electyng wordes, whiche are eipedienl 
In Latjm, or in Englyshc, after the entent 
Encensyng out, the arouialyke fume 
Our language rude, to exile and consume 

But what uisyleth, euennore to lowe 

The preciouB stones, among gruntyng bogge* 

I>et an hare, and swyne, lie among curre doggei 
Thoughe to the hares, were tyed great clogges 
The gentie beast, they will regard nothyng 
But to the swyne, take course of runnyng 

To duke tbe sentence, mder misty figures 
By many colours, as I make relacMMi 
As tbe i^de poetes, couered tfadr soiptunea 
Of whiche the fiist, is distribution 
That to the euyl, for theyr abusion 
Dothe gyue payne, and to the worthye 
Laude and prayse, them fur to magnifye. 

Of beast or byrde, they take a umilitude 
In the coodicion, Ijke lo the pattyc 
Feble, fayre, or yet of fortitude 
And vnder coloure, of this beast priuely 
The morall sence, they cloke full sublUlyc 
In prayse or diaprayse, as it is reasonable 
Of whose faynyng, fyrstc row tbe fable 

Concludyng reason, greatly profitable 
Who that their fables, can well moralyaa 
The A^tefuU sentences, are delectable 
Hioughe that the ficrion, they do so deuise 
Under the coloure, the trouthe dothe arise 
Condudyng reason, riches, and cunnyng 
Pleasure, example, and alto leamyng. 

They fayned no bble, without reason 
For reasonable is, all their moralitie 
And vpon reason, was thdr conclusion 
That the commen witle, by posiibilitie 
May well adjudge, the perfile veritye 
Of th«r sentence, for reason opcn'y 
To the commen witle. it dothe so notifye. 

Their frutefiill sentence, was great riches 

The whiche right surely, they myght well damina 

For lordeship, wealthe, and also noblesse 

The chaunce of fortune, can sone determine 

But cbat for this, she can not dedine 

The noble science, whiche after pouerti* 

May bryng a man, agayne lo dignitye 

Their sentence is cunnyng, as appeatedi wall 
For by cunnyng, their arte doth engender 
And w'out cunnyng, we knowe neuer a dele 
Of Iheir sentence, but may sone surrender 
A true (ale, that mygbt lo vs render 

O what pleafiure, to tha intelli^nl 
It is to knowe, >nd haue peneuermimCE 
Of their cuiuiyng, so muclie eipedient 
And tlierof, to fasue good vtlenunce 
lleid}-ng newe thinges, of bo great ple«»a 
Feaulyng the minde, wiili fodc insociale 
The tales nene, thej ore so delicate. 

In an eiampE^ wilh a miflty doude 
Of couert likenea, tbe poete* do write 
And vnderneth tbe trouthe, dothe lo ahroude 
Bothe good and >11, aa they lyst acquite 
With iimilitude, (hey did so well endlte 
Ab I hET«f\er, shall tbe trouthe sone shewe 
Of all their misty, and their fslall dcwe. 

Tlie poetea fkyne, how that kyng Athlaa 
Heauen shoulde bcare, vpon faii ahoulders hyo 
Because in cunnyng, he did all other passe 
Espedatly, in the highe asironomye 
Of the luie planets he knewe so perfectly 
The opcratiDtis, hoire they were domified 
For whiche poetes, him so eiempliAed. 

And in likewise, vnlo tbe Sagittary 
They feyne the ccniaures, to be of likcim 
As halfe man, and halfe horse tiuely 
Because Mylyiyus, with his worthines 
IMd first atlame, and breake the wildenes 
Of the myall stedes, and ryght swiftly 
His men and he, rode on them surely. 

And also Pluto, sometyme kyng of hell 
A cityc of Greet, sloiHlyng in Thessayle 
Betwene greaie rockes, as the boke dothe tell 
Wherin were people, without any fliyle 
Huge, fierce, and strong in battaile 
Tyrauntes, theoCR, replete with treason 
Wherfore poctes, by true comparison 

Unto the deuils, blacke, and ledieus 
Did them resemble, in terrible fygure 
For their misliuyng, so foule and rydoua 

Of Cerberus, the rtefloured picture 

The porter of hell, wyth thre heades vgly 

Lyke an horrible gyant, fierce, and wonderly. 

Because alway, his customed tyranny 
Was eleuate in haite, by hygh presumption 
Thinkyng him selie, most strong and mighty 
And secondly, he was destruction 
Of many ladyes, by euill compuldon 
And thirdly, his desire insaciable 
Was to get riches, ful innumerahle. 

Thus for these thre vycei abhominable 
They made him, wylh thre beads seipentine 
And like a fende, his bodye semblable 
For Ids pride, auarice, and also rapyne 
The morel] sence, can sone illumine 
The fatall picture, to l» eiubcrauot 
And to our syght clearc, and not variaunt^ 

Also rehearwd, tbe croniclea of Spaine 
Howe redoubted Hercules, by puyssaunee 
Fought with an Ydre, ryght great certayne 
Hauyng seuen heades, of full _ 
For when tliat he, wyth all his Taleaunce 
Had stricken of an heade, right Bbonly 
Aq other auone, arose rygbt sodayoely. 

Seuen sophiians, full harde and ialladons 
Tbys Ydre Tsed, in preposition 
Unto the people, and was full rj 
To deuoure them, where lacked 
And when one reason, had conclusi 

Bc^an BgainE^ with subtyll ai 

For whiclie cause, the poetes coueitly 
With seuen heades, dothe this Ydre depaynt 
For these seuen sophims, full ryght closely 
But of rude people, the wittes arc so taynt 
That with their cunnyng, they can 
But who that list, their snence to leame 
Their obscure Ijgures, he shall well deceme 

O redolent well, of fiunous poetrye 

O deare fountayne, replete with swetenea 

Refteryng out, the dulcet delicacye 

Of foure ryuers, in nuu-ueylous wydenea 

Fayrer than Tygrys, or yet Kufrates 

For the first ryuer is vnderstandyng 

The seconde riuer, close condudyng- 

The thirde riuer, is called nouelr^e 

The fourth ryuer, is called carbuncles 

Amiddes of whi»n, Che tower Is w goodly 

Of Vj-rgill, standetfa most soladous 

Where he is entyred, in stones predous 

By thys fayre tower, in a goodly grene 

This well dothe spryng, both bryght and sbene 

To Tndrastandyng, these, iiii. acddent 

Doctrine, perscuerauncc, and eierose 

And also iherto, is egiuipatent 

Euermore, the perfile practise 

For first doctrine, in all goodly wise 

The perseuerant trouthe, in ids booth of wil 

In tDdcTStandyng, for to knowe good &om yll 

So famous poetes, did vs endoctrine 
Of the ryght way, for to be intdlectife 
Thdr fables they did. ryght so ymagyne 
That by eiample, we may voyde the strife 
And without mischefe, for to leade our life 
By the aduertence, of their stories oide 
The fhute wherof, we may full well bdiolde 
Depaynted on arras, howc in antjquitie 
Destroyed was, the great citye of Troye 
Pot a little cause, [i^unded on vuiitye 
To mortal ruytic, they turned thdr joye 
llieir Tuderstandyng, they did then occoy 
Nothing prepensyng, how they did prepare 
To scourge them seines, and bryng them in a sni 

Who is oppreit, with a little wrong 
Reuengyng it, he may it sone encrease 
For belter it in, for to suffer among 
An injury, as for to kepe the peace 
Then to begyn, whiche he shall neuer cease 
Warn once began, it is haide to knowe 
Who ihall abi^ and wtio shall oucrthrow. 


Tbv IiTstiB poTO, botMOTB, Mxl nob L e nf 
Of (be migfaty Ramnyiis, to whoae ncellaics 
AH the iride worldc, bo mucbe of gratDCi 
UdD their cmpjrv, wv in ob ed imca 
Sadie was tbor Cuaoui )Kirte, uul preeminence 
Tjll w*!!! thenueluM, there wm > cantnuaa} 
Jbkjng tfaon loe, their worth; sfgneoury 

It H eno', tiie grounde of Sapience 

Bc£n that thou, accomplpbe outmrdly 

For to reuolue, TDdentandfag u)d prepeace 

AH in ihy Klfe, fiiJl often inwiideljr 

The twgyDayng, aai the middle certainelje 

With the ende, or thou put it in vre 

And woike with counccll, tiiM thou maieit be hit 

And who that so dotbe, ihall neuer repeat 
Per hii dedcs is founded, on a perfect groUDd 
AhI for to faU, it halb none impediTnenl 
Wph lurenes, it is so hyghe wsUed rounde 

Thm the poets conclude full cloKlye 
Their fhdtcfull pioblei, for nfomution 
To make *■ lene, to lyue dyrectlj 

ShewyDg to ts, the whole •Section 

Of tlw way of Tertue, wealth, and atablenea 

And tDihutte the pie, of miacheuoui enim 

a, they are ymiginatyue 
T«le» newe. from day to daje to fayne 
The aTyng people, that are retractiue 
As to the lyght way, to biyng them agayne 
Ai^ who that list, their lentence retayne 
It (hall hym profite, if he wyU apply 
To do thonfter, full conuenientlye. 

CBfaoiwles, in the moale darke nyght 

Dotbe ihyne fsyre, wyth cleare radiant beamca 

EnlyDg daikenes, wyth his rayes lyght 

And so tbe*e poetes, wyth their golden ttreamea 

Deooyde our ndents, wyth great lyery leames 

fauBi a yii g out, the odonre redolent. 
And is their work* also eitinguiahible 
Nay tniely, for it dothe sbyne ryght cleare 
Throngbc doudes darke, mlo the odible 
To wham treuely, it may nothyng appeare 
Where cannynge fayletfa, the scyence so dean 
Ignoramice bateth, with feruent enuy 
And TDta canDyng, U mertali enemy. 

O ygnannnce, with dontbe » oppmt 

Open Htj curt^tw, so rygbt dymme and daike 

And eaermore remember, the behest 

Of thy UbouTC, to mdentande thy waike 

Of many ■ noble, and ryght fiunoua darke 

Fy *pao tloutb, tb* nouriiher of tyce 

Vlache mto youthe, dolbe often prejudyce 

Who in joulhe lyal, m^ytig to leame 
He wyll reptnt him, often in hyi age 
That be the cunnyng, can nothyug deoeme 
TberfiirE nowe youthe, with lusty courage 
Bide thy fleahe, and thy sloutlie aaswage 
And in Ihy youthe, the acyeoce engender 
Hat in Ihine ag^ it may the wmahyp nndw 

Cunnyng ts ly^t, and also pleaMunt 
A gentle burden, wythout greuouines 
Unto hym, that is ryght well t^liaunt 
For to btare it, with all hi« buiines 
He shall atlaste, the welle of fruitefulDCs 
Whiche Virgyll cUrified, and s1m> TuUiua 
With latyn pure, swete, and delicioui. 

From whence my m 

■r Lidgate rerified. 

That the ryle termes, sbouide nothing arage 
As like a pye, to chatter in a cage 
But fbr to speake, with rethorike Tormally 
In the good order, withouten rylany. 

And who his bokn, list to heare or see 
In them be ihall finde, elocution 
With SB good order, as any maye be 
Kepyng full clow, the moraliution 
Of the trouthe, oT his great intendon 
Whose name is regestrL'd, in rememliraunce 
For to endure, by long condnuaunce. 

Nowe after thJB for to make retation. 
Of famous rethorike, bo in this party 
As to the fourthe purl, Pronunciatioa 
I shall it ihewe, anone ryght openly 
With nanj braunches, of it sykerly 
And howD it taketh, the whole elfect 
In euery place, d^re and aspect. 

When the matter, !■ founde by inuentim 
Be it merye, or yet of great sadnea 
Set in a plact^ by the dupoaition 
And by Elocudon'a, famous clearene* 
Eiwoate well, and ready to eipresae 
Then pronundacion, w' chere and count 


With humhle voyce, ajod alio moderate 
Accoidyng, ai 1^ him is audience 
And if there be, a lygbt hye estate 
Then rader honoiire, and obedience 
Bcatonably done, vnto his excellence 
Pronouncyng bis matter, so facundioui 
In all due maner, to be m 

If it be totde, with tongue of batbary 
In mde maner, without the discrete mode 
It is disturfaauDce, to a whole company 
For to se tliem, lo rude and boyBtously 
Demeane (hemaelues, rtteryng the aentenoa 
Without good manw, or yet intelligence 

It u a thing, ryght greatly conuenable 

And to the bearers, ryght delectable 

When the vtterer, wythout impediment 

With riglit Koed maner, connienaunce and enten 

Dothe tell bis tale, TUto tbem treatably 

Kepyng bis maner, and roycc full moderately 

This is the cuatome, that the poeles ne 


Tha TvUfne counge, the; do hhicIm reAiae 
Tlwt U boyitcoiu, uid rude of gonemBuiice 
And euermore, tbey da to tliem ■luuncs 
Nurture, mwier, utd mil gentleres 
Tn their behaurug, wyth all wmelinek. 

And thus the gentle, rethoriciui 
TlirDughe the ltdM>ure of his royaJT cleargye 
The ftuDDus nurture, oiyginftllj bq^an 
Oppresayng our rudenes, and our foly 
Aud for to goueme ta rfghl pnidentlj 
The good maner, cocreBseth dignitie 
And the nidenes, also ini^uitie 

The (annua poete, who so list to here 
To tell his tde, il is solatious 
Behotd^g his nunen, and also hia chere 
A^r the maner, be it ladde, or joyous 
If it be aadde, hU diere is dolotous 
As in bewaylyng, a woTull tragedy 
Hut worthy is, to be in memory. 

And if the matter, be iojlUll and gladde 
Lyke counUnnunec, outwardly they make 
But moderatioii, in their mindea is had 
So thai outrage, may them not ouertake 

Them to laude, for my tyme is shorte 
And the matter long, wbidi I must report 

And the. t. parte, is then Memoratyfe 
The whidie, the perfect miniatration 
Ordinatly causetb, to be retentyfe 
Driuyng the tale , (o good conclusion 
For it behoueth, to haue respecdon 
Unto the tale, and the very grounde 
And on irliM ym^te, be his nutter founde. 

If to the oratODT, many ■ sundry tale 
One after other, treatably be tolde 
Then sundry ymages, in his closed male 
Eche for a mMter, he doth then well faoldc 
Like to the tale, he doth then so bebolde 
And inward^ a recapitulation 
Of eche ymage, the moralintiDa. 

Whiche be the tales, be grounded piiuely 
Upon these ymans, Bgnifleation 
And when time lb, for bim to speciiye 
All hii tale*, by demomtration 
In due order, maner, and reason 
Then eche ymage, inwarde dyrectlj 
The oratour, dMhe tako fUll properly 

So Is enprynted, in his propre mjnit 
Euery tale, with whole rcMmbUiiDce 
By thia ymage, he dotbe hia matter finde 
Eche after other, withouten Tariaimce 
Who to thia arte, will geue attendaunca 
As therof t4> knowe, the perfectnca 
In the poeta schole, he rouat haue intrcsse 

Then shall he knowe, by perfect study 
The menwriaU arte, of tethorike defuse 
It shall to him, to well eicmplifye 
Ifthat him list, the science to ne 
Thou^ SI the flrsl, it he to him obtuse 

But nowe of dayes, the synne of auaryce 
Eiilelh the mynde, and the whole deUte 
To couet cunnyng, whidie is great prqudiee 
For insaciatly, so blinded is their syght 
With the siluer, and the golde so bryght 
They nothing thinke, on fertune Tariable 
Whiche ail their ricbea, can make tnuumutabla 

The olde sawes, they ryght cleane abiect 
Whiche fur our leaniyng, the poete* did write 
With auarice they are so aore infect 
They take no hede, nothing tbey write 

Whiche mot&lty, did bo nobly nidile 
Reprouyng vycc, jRaysyog the veitue 
Whiche idtenes, did euermore eachue. 

ve, will I cease, of lusty retboryke 
. torye, for my tyme is shorte 

ye not lasycj lor my tyme is suunv 
1 ui 1 must procede, and ^ewe of Ariunetiike 
With diuers numbrua, whiche I must report 
Hope Inwardely, doEbe me well comforte 

To brynge my boke, vr-- - «~i-' • 

Of all my matter, aud 

O thoughtfull harte, tombled all about 
Upon the sea, of stormy ignoraunce 
For to layle forthe, thou art in greate doubt 
Ouer the waues, of great encombraunce 
Without any comfort, safe of esperaunce 
Whiche the exhorteth, bardely to sayle 
Unto thy purpose, wyth diligent tiauayle- 

Auftycus Auater, hloweth frowardlye 

Towarde the lande, and habitation 

Of thy well fauoured, and most ttfn lady 

For whose sake, and delectation 

Thou hast take, this occupadon 

Prindpally, ryght well to atlayne 

Her swete rewarde, for thy busy payne. 

le stormy pcry 

O pensyfe haite, ii. »». ...» 

Mercury northwest, thou maist se appeare 

After tempest, to gladde, thine emispery 

Hoyse Tp thy aayle, for thou must drawe neare 

Towarde the ende, of thy purpose so cleare 

Remonbre the, of the (race and daunce 

Of poetes oMe, wyth ell thy punieyaunoe. 

As moral Gowei, whose •entendous dewe 
Adowne reflareth, with fayrc golden beamaa 
And after Chaucer's, all abroade dothe shewa 
Our Tyces to dense, his depared streamea 
Kindlyng our bartss, wyth the fiery leame* 
Of mord] vertue, as is probable 
In all his bokea, so swels and profitable 

Hie boke of fame, wind 

He drewe him selfe, on his owne inuentlon 

And then the trapdiea, so piteous 

Of the tuntene ladyta, was hi* toanalation 

And Tpon his ymagination 

He made also, tha tales of Cauntett)ury 

Some Teituous, and some glad and mcrye 


And of Tropins, U>e inteoui dolmm 

FiM- his ladje Creayde, fijil of doubleita 

He did bewmyle, fiili well the Ungoure 

Of »]1 his ioue, mnd gnat Tnhappiuee 

And msLoy other bokes doubtlcA 

He did contpyle, whose goodlj lume 

la piTiited bookes, dotb* lemayne in fiune. 

And after him, mj muter Lydgale 
The mooke of Bui7> did him well apply 
Bntlie lo coDttTue, and eke to tramlote 
And of Tertue, euer in espedally 
For he did compile, then full nyilly 
Of our blened tndye, the eonuerwtion 
Ssynt Edmundes life, nuutred with Iresson 

Of the fUl of princes, tyghl wofiillj 
He did endite, in all piteous wise 
Ff^Dwyng liis auctoure, Bocsa rufully 
A ryght ^reat boke, he did tniely compryse 
A food ensampte, for n to despyge 

And tbre reasons, ryght greetly profitable 
Under coloarc, be cloked ctallely 
And of the idtorle be made the nble 
That sliitte the byrde, in a csge bo cloflsly 
The pamflete, shewetb it eipreslye 
He Ajaed abo, tbe court of s^nence 
And translated, with all Ms diligence. 

The great boke, of the last destruction 
Of tbe dtje of Troye, wbylome so &maiu 

And betwene T^tue, and the life vicious 
Of gods and goddesses, • boke solacious 
He did compyle, and the time to passe 
Of Imw be mad^ tbe biygitt temple of glasw 

The ^me of aloutht^ limy did from them driue 
Mb tlHsr deaibe, for to abide or lyue 
In wtBthj &me, by many a nacion 
ThA bokes, their actes, da make relation 

master Lydgst^ the most dulcet spryng 
Of (unotis rethoiyke, wyth ballade royall 
Tbe tiitte origJosll, of my learnyng 
Whst njleth it, on you for to call 

He for to syde, now in especiall 

Sythen your bodye, is now wimpte in chest 

1 pray God to geue, your aoule good rest 

1 did not dwell 

But UBBy • aati a rygfat well expert 

In this cunnyD^ but rpoa aucthorilie 

They fayne no Ibbles, pleasaunt and couerte 

BU q>eiidr tbeir lime, in Taynefnil isnitie 

Mikjag btdladea, of feruent smicie 

A* gate* and tri6es, without Miitefulnes 

Tbua all in Tayoe, they spende Ihrir buaioes 

I little or nought, expert in poetrye 
Of my master Udgali^ will folowe tbe trace 
As euermore, so his name to magnifyc 
With luche little bokei, by God's grace 
If in this woride, I may haue tbe space 
The little cunnyng, that hii grace me sent 
In tyme among, in such wise ihal be Bpent- 

And yet nothing, vpon premimption 

My master Lydgate, I will not enuy 

But all onely, is myne inlencion 

With auche laboure, my^lfe to occupy 

As white by blacke, dothe shyne more clearety 

So shal their matters, appeare more pleasaunt 

Biayde my draughtes, rude, sjid ignoraunt 

Nowe in my boke, farther to procede 
To a chamber I wente, replete w' ryches 
Where sate Arismetryke, in a golden wede 
Uke a lady pure, and of great worthinea 
Tbe walles about, did full well eiptesse. 
With guide depainted, euery perfect numbsr 
To adde, debay, and to deuide a sunder* 

Tlie roufe was painted, with golden beames 
"Hie windowes cristall, dearely clarified 
The golden rales, and depnred streames 
Of radiant Phebiu, that was purified 
lUgfat in the Bull, that time So dmnifled 
Throughc windowes, was resplendishant 
About tbe chamber, fsire and radiauDt 

I kneled downe, right sane on my knea 
And to her 1 saied O lady marueyloui 
I right humbly, besecbe your msjestie 
Your arte to ^ewe, nte w facundious 
Whidie is defuse, and right fBllacioua 
But I shall so, apply mine exercise 
That the very troutbe, 1 shall well denise 

My science Sud she, is right n 
And in tbe middes of the sciences all 
It is nowe set, right well and perftetly 
For TDto them, it is so spedall 
Numbring so, their workes in generall 
Without m^ they had no perfectnes 
I must tbfsn number, alway doubtles 

Without niunbcr, ii no 

That in our sight, we i 

For God made all, at the beginnyng 

In numlier perfite, well in ceitaintie 

Who knewe arismetrike, in euery degre 

All maner number, in his minde were bad 

Botha to deti^, and to deuida iimI adde. 

But who will kntnre, alt the eiperience 
It hehoueth him, to' haue great leamii^ 
In many tliingea, with true intelligence 
Or that be can, haue perflte rdenyng 
In euery number, by eipert cunnyng 
To rehearse in Englyshe, more of this scien 
It were folie, and eke great negligence. 

90 I 

My minde vpon her, ww botbe daj and nigbt 
The fenicnt loue, to perst me invutit; 
Wluffor« I went ananu, right shortly 
Unto the tower, swete uid melodioui 
Of dame Muiike, so ga;e and gloiioiu. 

When aplendet Pfaebua, in hi* middiye speare 

Was highe in Gemine, in the freshe aemtoa 

Of luatye Maye, with golden beame* cleare 

And duke Dyane. made declination 

When Flora florisbed, in this nadon 

1 called vnlo minde, right inwardly 

The report of Fame, «o mtiche ententiflje 

Of Ia hell Pucell, in the tower musicall 
And rjght anone, vnto the tower I went 
Where I sawe, a temple made orchryatal 
In whiche Musyke, the lady eicellent 
Played on baae organei, expedient 
Acootdyng well, vnto dyopaaon 
Dyapenthe. and eke dyeteiaeron. 

In thii temple, was great solemnide 

And of muehe people, there wu great preaae 

1 loked about, whether I coulde se 

La bell Pucell, my langour to ceaae 

I coulde not xe her, my payne did encreaie 

Tyll that I npied her, aboue in a vaute 

Whiclie to my hart, did make lO sore aauut 

To her 1 went, or that her penon wist 
Her thought I knewe not, ibe thought as she liit 
By her I Btode. with belt sore and faynt 
And did my selfe with her sone acquaynt 

The commen witte, did full little regards 
Of dame Muiike, the dulcet annonye 
The earei hearde not, for the mynde inwarde 
Venus had wnqit, and taken feruently 

_^ . lie douhtefully I cast 

Whether I ihoulde, hy long tyme and apace 
Atleyne her loue, or eli to loue in waste 
My hart sobbed and quaked in tliis laae 
I stode hy her, ryght neare in the place 
With many other, fayre ladies alio 
But so fayre as she, I neuer aawe no mo. 

The feast done, dame Musyke did go 
She folowed after, and she woulde not tary 
Fan well she saied, for 1 must part you Iro 
Alas thought I, that fortune dothe so my 
My ladde body, my heavy harte did carya 
I could not speake my baite waa neare broken 
But wytfa my heade, I made her a token 

Whea she was gone, inwardely then wrought 
Upon her lieauly, my minde relentife 
Her goodly fygure, I graued in my thought 
Eicept her sdfe, all were enpulsyfe 
Uy minde to her, waa so ententyfu 

Where dulcet Flora, her ammatyke dewe 
In the Ikyre temple, adowne did diatyll 
All abroade, the fayre dropea did shewe 
Encencyng out, all the Tapours yll 
With sucbe a swetenea. Flora did fulfil 
All the temple, that my gowne welt shewed 
The lycoure awete, of the droppee endued 



Dame Musyke treat, with La bell Pucell 
All of jasper, with atones precious 
The roufe was wrought, cuiiously and well 
The windowes glased, maruelou^y to tell 
With clothe of tissue, in the riches maner 
The wallea were hanged, hie and cyrculer. 

Where sate dame Mudke, with all her miustrelsir 
As tabouni, trumpets, with pipes melodious 
Sakbuttes, organi, and the rcojrder swelely 
Harpra, lutes, and crowdes right delidous 
Thnphans, doucemen, w' claricymbalt glorious 
Rd>eekes, claiicordes, eche in theii degre 
Did sit about their ladyes nujeatye. 

Beibre dame Musike, I did kuele adowne 
Saiyng to her, O' &ire ladye {deasaunt 
Your prudence raignetb moit bye in r^towue 
For you be euer, right concordaunt 

With perfite reason, whiche is not variaunt 
I beseche your grace, with all my diligence 
To insbuct me, in your noble saence 

It is she ssied, right greatly profitable 
For mitdke dothe set, in alt -milie 
llic discorde thingea, whiche are variable 
And deuoydeth miscbiefe, and great jniquitia 
Where lacketh musike, there is no plenty 
For musike is Concorde, and also peace 
Nothing without musike, may well encrease 

The seoen sciences, in one monacorde 
Ecbe upon other, do full well depende 
Musike hath them, so set in Concorde 
That all in one, may right well eitende 
All perfite reason, they do so comprdiende 
That they are way, and perfite doctrine 
To the ioye iboae : whiche is ceteatine 

And yet also, the perftct phiiyke 
Whidi i^>peileynelh, well to the bodye 
Dothe well resemble, Tnto the musyke 
When the inwarde intrailes, tumeth contrary 
That nature can not, woriie djrectly 
Then dothe phiayke, the partes intniall 
In order set, to their originalL 

But yet phisyke, can not be liberal! 

As the seuen scyences, by good auctboritte 

Whiche leadeth the soule, the way in ipedall 

By good doctrine, to dame Etemitie 

Onely of phiake, it is the propertie 

To ayde the body, in euery sickenes 

That is right fraile, and full of brittUua 

And because phisike, is S(q>ciidant C)Q|(^ 
Unto the body, by hcipe of medicine *-* 


Ami to llie foule, Dothing qiportaunint 

To came the body fur to eoclioa 

In etmull heklii^ to the uule to damiiM 

Dotbe (eacbe to leule, the <oule to beuien 

And musyke it aelie, ia melodioa* 

To nyajct tbe eucv and comfort tha bnine 

Shmpfng tbe witUs. vitb sound tolacioui 

Deuojdrng bad tbougbte*, which* did remajne 

It ^addetb the hart, also *eU cettaioe 

Lmgtfa tbe If fe, vith dulcet annonje 

As B good RcnatJon, after (tudy. 

She comaiided her luinitrels, right *DODe to plajf 
MmiDtiTa tiie swcte, and the gentle daunce 
With L« bell Pucell, that waa &yTe and gay 

To daimce true messuie, withoute *ariauiic« 

lorde Cod, bon-e glad then was I 
So for to daunci^ with my iwete ladye. 

By her proper hande, soft u my silke 
With due obeyaaunce, I did ber then tike 
Her (kyiuw was white, as whales bone or mylke 
Hy thougbtea waa rauithed, I might not aaliike 
Hy brenuyiig hart, she the fire did moke 
Tb«e dauncea tniely, muayke hath me taught 
To lute or daunce, but it auayled nought. 

For Ibe tyre kindled, and waied more and more 
Tlw daDOcyog blewe it, with ber beau^ cleare 
Hy hart sckened, and began to waie sore 
A minute, n. boures. wid. n. boures a yere 

1 fiiougbt it was, so hcsuy waa my chere 
But yet for couer, my great loue aryght 

Tbe oDtwanle coutenaunce, I made glad and light 

And Toe lesre mine eyes, should mine hart bewray 

I lake my leaue, and to ■ temple went 

Aad all alone. I to my lelfe did saye 

Aba what fortune, b^ me hither sent 

To deuoyde roy ioye, and my hart lonnent. 

No man can t^ howe great a paine it is 

But if be will fele it, as 1 do iwysae 

Aka O lady, howe crueU art thou 

Of paleoiu doloure, for to builde a neat 

la my true hart, a* thou doeat ryght nowe 

Ttt of all ladyes, I must loue the Iwat 

Ihy beauty therto, did me aurely arest 

AIh whb loue, when that it doth the pleue 

Hkiu naie«t cease my care, and my psyne Bone eaie. 

Alas bowe aore, may I nowe benayle 
The [Hieous chaunce, wbicbe did me happc 
My hdyes lokei, did me h> assayle 
liat aodayncly, my barte waa in a trappe 
By Tcoua caught, and with so aore a clappe 

thronghe, the great stroke did perse 
for wo, I couldje not reucne. 


Farewdl all ioye, and all perfect pleasure 
Fan well my lust, and my likyng 
For wo ia comen, with toe to endure 
Neve nniat I leade, my life in moumyng 
I aiay not lute, or yet daunce, or tyng 
O La bdl Pucell, my Udyc glorious 
Tea HI ttie canae. thai I am so iloloroui 

Alaa faira lady, and mine owns swete hart 

With my seruyce, I yelde me to your will 

You haue me feicred, I may not astart 

At your pleasure, you maye me lauc or kyll 

Because I loue you, oyU you me spyll 

Alaa it were, a [uleouB case in dede 

That you with death, ahoulds rewarde my made. 

A a, that I am right wo begone 

For 1 of loue, dare not to you speake 

For feare of nay. that may encreaae my mone 

A nay of you. might cause my hart to breaks 

Alas I wretche, and yet rabappy peke 

Into auche trouble, misery, and thought 

With light of you, I am into it brought 

And to myseUe, as 1 made complaint 
I spied a man, right nere me befome 
Whiche right anone, did with me acquaynt 
Ma thinke be aayed, that ye are neare IMontB 
With inwarde payne, that your hart hath borne 
Be not to penayfe, call to mynde agayne 
Howe of one lorow^ ye do nowe make twayne 

Mine inwards sorowe, ye begyn to double 
Co your way quod I, for ye can not me ayde 
Tell me he aayed, the cause of your trouble 
And of me nowe be ootbing afiayed 
Me thynke that sorowe, hath you ouerUyed 
Driue of no lenger, but tell me your myude 
It may me h^pe, a remedy to fynde. 

A a quod I, It Tsyleth not your ^>eache 
I wyll wyth you, neuer haue medlyng 
Let me alone, tbe moat vnbappy wietche 
Of all the wretches, that ii yet liuyag 
Sucha is the chaunce. of my bewaylyng 
Go on your waye, you are nothing tbe better 
To me to speoke, to make my sorowe greater 

Fonothe he sayed, remember thingea thre 
The first is. that ye may sorowe long 
Unto your aelfe, or that you ayded be 
And aecondly, in great psynes atronge 
To muse alone, it myght tume you to wrong 
The thirds is, it myght you well ease truely 
To tell yoiu- mynde, to s frende ryght trusty 

It is a iewell. of a frende of trust 

Ae at youi nede, to tell your secretenes 

Of all your payne, and feruent lust 

Hia councell aoce, may heipe and redreate 

Your paynefull wo, and mortall heauinea 

Alone is nought, for to thinke and muse 

Tberfore good lonne, do me not refuse. 

And aythe that you are, plunged all in thought 
Beware the pytte. of doloroua diapayre 
So to complayne. it yayleth you light nought 
It nuy so fortune, ye loue a ladye fayre 
Whicbe to loue you, will nothing repayre 
Ot ela ys haue loaC. great lande or substaunce 
By fatal] chaunce^ of fortune's c 

Tell me the cause, thoughe that 
In case you loue, I knowe it by 
It ia a payne engeodryng great wo 
And harde it is, for to i^ke resiaCaunce 
Agaynst auche loue, of feruent vyolence 
The loue is dreadfVill, but neuerthelei 
There is no sore, nor yet no qrckenea 

92 Hi 

But there ii ■ n)uB, snil remedy thetfore 
Bo for joar pajne, BUd your lorDwe great 
CouDcell IB medicine^ whiche snaj you restore 
Unto jour desire without any let 
If ye will tell me, where your bute is ut 
Id the chayre of torowe, no gnat doubt it la 
To fynde ■ reinedye, for your payne I wya 

A phisitioo tmely, can little deceme 

Any maner ucltenea, without ught of Tryne 

No more out I, by good counsaile you Icame 

All niche wofull trouble, for to determine 

But if you oekely, «-ill to me endyne 

To tell the cause, of your great greuousneg 

Of your iowarde trouble, and wcBfull sadnei 

Then 1 began, with all my diligence 

To heare him speake, so grounded on reason 

And in my minde, did make aduertence 

Howe it wa» holesome, in tribulation 

To laue a good, and a true companion 

For to knowe my Mrowe, and wofull grefe 

It might me comforte, and right well relefe 

And of him then, I a!.ked this question 
What was his name, I prayed him me t«ll 
Councell quod he, the wbiche solucion 
In my wofull minde, I liked right well 
And priuely I did, his lesson spell 
Saiyng to him, ray chaunce and destiny 
Of all other, is the most mhappy. 

Why so quod he, thoughe fortune be straunge 
To you a while, turayng of her face 
Her lonryng cbere, she may right sone chaunge 
And you accept, and call jala hei grace 
Dispayre you not, for in good time and space 
Nothing there is, but wisdome may it winne 
To tell your mynde, I praye you to begyn. 

Unto you quod I, with all my whole assent 

I will tetl you trouthe, and you will not bewraye 

Unto none other, my matter and entent 

Nay nay quod he, you shall not se that daye 

Tour whole afflaunce and trust, well ye may 

Into me put, (or I shall not vary 

But kepe yotir cxHuicall, aa a secretary. 



ner foLowyng 
1 did complayne, with sighing tearea depe 
Alas quod I, you shall haue knowlegyng 
Of my beauy chaunce, that causeth me to wepe 
So wo I am, that I can ncuer slepe 
But wallowe and tumble, in the tr^pe of care 
My ban was caughte, or that I was ware 

It happened so, that in a temple olde 
By the tower of Musike, at great soleranitic 
La bell Fucell, I did right well beboldo 
Whose beauty cleare, and great humilitie 
To my hatt did cast, the darte of amitie 
After whicbe stroke, so barde and feruent 
To bar exceUenc^ I came incontinmt 

Beboldyng her diere, and louely eountBiaunce 
Her gaimentes ricbe, and her propre stature 
I regestered well, in my reraombraunce 
That I neuer save, so fayre a creature 
So well fsiiouredly, create by nature 
That harde it is, for to wryght with ynkc 
All her beaulie, or any harte to tfainke. 

Fayrer she was, then was quene Helene 
Proterpyne, Creayde, or yet Tpolyte 
Hedea, Dydo, or young Poleiyne 
Alcumena, or quene Menelape 
Or yet dame Rosamonde, in cettaintie 
None of all these, can haue the preeminencv 
To be compared, to tm higbe excellence 

Duryng the feast, I slode her neare by 

But then her beauty, encreased my paine 

I coulde Qothing, resist the conlnry 

She wnpt my hart, in a brennyng chayne 

To the musicall tower, she went then agune 

I went aAer, I coulde not be bchinde 

The chains she baled, whicho my hatt did binde. 

Till that we came, into a chamber gaye 
Where that Musike, with all her minstrelsy 
Diuers base dsunces, most swelely did playe 
That them to here, it was great melody 
And dame Musike, commaunded curleously 
La bell Pucell, with me then to daunce 
Whom that I toke, with all my pleasaunce 

By her swcte hande, begynnyng the trace 

And long did daunce, till that I migbt not hide 

The painefull loue, whiche did my hart embrace 

Bicause wherof, I toke my lesue that tide 

And to this temple, where I do abide 

Forth then I went, alone to bewaile 

My mottall sorowe, without any faale. 

Now haue I lolde you, all the Tery Drouth 
Of my wofull chaunce, and great vnhappines 
I pray you, nothing with me to be wrotbc 
Whifjie am drowned, in careful wretchednes 
By fortune plunged, full of doublenea 
A a said Councell, doubt ye neuer a deale 
But your disease, I shall by wisedome heale 

Remember you, that neuer yet was be 
That in this woflde, did leade all his life 
In ioye and pleasure, without aduersitie 
No worldly thing, can not be without strife 
For Tnto pleasure, peine is afiBmiatife 
Who will baue iideaiurc, he must first apply 
To lake the payne, with his cure busdy. 

To deserue the ioye, which after doth ensue 
Rewardyng paine. for the great buwies 
No doubt your Isdy, wil vpon you me 
Seyng you apply, all your genii enes 
To do her pleasure, and scruice douhtles 
Harde is tlie harte, that no loue hath felt 
Nor for to loue, will then encline and melt. 

hat in olde antiquitie 
Howe worthy Troylus, that mighty champion 
What paine he BulTered. by great citremitie 
Of feruent loue, by a great long season 
For his lady Cresyde, by great tribulation 
After his aorowe, had not he great ioys 
or bis lady, the layrest of all Troy 

And the fiunous knight, ydepped Ponthus 
Whiche loued Sydoyne, so moclie entirely 
What paine had he, and what care dolorous 
For his lady, with loue so marueylously 
Was not her hart, wounded riglit wofully 
After his guiue, liis ladic did her cure 
To do him ioye, bonuurc ami pIcaiiUTc. 


WItO wu whh Idub, iiiin« vafUlj timjed 
Thai were these twainfif and nunj other mo 
Tlie power of loue, had them ao anjed 
Tbai and I liite, I coulde reheane b1k> 
To wbom Due louc, hath wrought mykle wo 
And at the end£, haue bad their dEslre 
Of all their Horowe, for to quencb the fire 

Languiahe DO mor^ but plucke vp tbj hart 
£xilc di^iajrv, and liue a while in hope 
And kepc jour kouCf all close and couert 
It waj w> fortune, that joLir lady wil grope 
Somewhat of loue, for U> drynke a lOpe 
Tlnughe outwaidely, she dare oot let you knowe 
But at the lart, aa I beleue aod trowe. 

Sbc can not kepe it, ao priuye and close 
But that BOmewhat, it (ball to you appears 
By cocmtenauiice, howe that her loue arose 
If that (be loue you, the loue it ii n dcare 
When yoa come to her, ibe wil make you chars 
Witb countenauncp, according Tnto toue 
Fall priaeij, fbr to conte to ber aboue 

Sending of Icnie, the messengs before 
Wldcbe b her eye*, with louelye lokea iwete 
For to bebolde you, then euer more and more 
Afto* the time, that you together mete 
Vith louing wordes, she wil you then gretc 
Sorowe no more, for I thinke in my minde 
Thti at the last, abe will be good and kinds 

Aba quod I, die is of hye degre 

Bome to great lande, treasure, and lubataunce 

I tan to soie, I abai disdayned be 

The whiche will trouble, all my greuaunce 

Her beautie is, the cause of my penaunce 

I bane do grcAt tande, Qraaure, and riches 

To winne the fouoive, <tf ber Doblenea. 

What tbougbe quod be. drawe you not backe 
For ibe hath ioough. in her poseetiion 
Fir you bathe, for you shall neucr lacke 
If llW ye order it, by good reason 
And lO in perfect consideration, 
She wiU wjtb loue, her grene flouiyng age 
Pasae fbrthe in ioye, pleasure and courage 
Tootfae is alwsy, of the course right light 
Hate and nwyst, and full of lostine* 
iloate of the ayre, it is ruled by ry^ 
And her complexion, hath chiefe intrrsse 
Vpoo sanguine, the ayres holesomenes 
sis ia Dot yet in all, aboue. iviii. yere 
Of iBidB' age, to pleasure moat deaie 

For sangujue youth, it is all contrary 
So &a to couer, fbr it dothe arise 
Ondy cngendied, vpoa the malencoly 
Wlu^ is drye, colde, and also earthly 
ia wUche tbe golde, is truely nutriiied 
Fsne tVian tbe ayre, so cLearely purifled 

Tie great losac of youtbe, ber ipeciall treai 
She kaowetli she ia, a right Ure cmtuie 
No donbt it is, but yet piiuely amoikg 
So lija ia naturs, wnli hi* woike* strong. 

That she of ftntiB, the m 

Must well couM, for she may not resist 

Dame Nature's wotlie, whiclM a so secretely 

Tboughe abe be maide, let her sayc what she list 

Who spareth to Mpcake, he spareth to ipede 
I shall prouide, for you coauenient 
A gentle time, for to attaine yuur medc 
That you shall go, to your lady excellent 
And light before, take good aduisemeni 
Of all the matter, that ye will her sbewe 
Upon good reason, and in wordes fewe 

Tba after none, with many a snttment 

And what for knie, was best eoBcIuslon 

We demed oft, and gaue a iudgenwnt 

1111 that in the euen, was refulgent 

Fayre golden Mercury, with bis beames bryght 

About the ayre, castyng bis pured light 

Then to a chamber, iwete and precioua 
Councell me ledde, for to take my rest 
Tbe night was wete, and also tetidirous 
But 1 my Gclfe, with sorowe opprest 
Did often muse, what was for me best 
Unto my &yre lady, fw to tel m' saye 
And all my dreads was, for faare of a nay. 

Tbouglie that my bedde, was «sy and sofle 
Yet lUd I tomble, t might not lye still 
On euery side, I turned me full oft 
Upon the loue, 1 had so set my will 
Loagyng right sore, my minde to ftiUyil 
I called Councell, and prayed him to wake 
To geue me councell, what were best to taks 

Ha ba quod he, loue dothe you so pricke 
That yet your hart, will nothing be eased 
But euermore, be fcble and sicke 
Till that your lady, hath it well pleased 
Tbougbe ye thinke long, yet je aha] be pleased 
I woulde quod I, that it were as ye sayej 
Fy fye quod be, driuc suche dispayre away 

And liue in hope, whiche shall do yon good 

Joye Cometh after, when the payne is past 

Be ye pacient, and sober in mode 

To wepe and waile, all is for you in waste 

Was neuer payne, but it had ioye at last 

In the fayre morowe : rise and make you ready 

At nine at tbe clocke, the lime is necessarye 

For TB to waike, vnlo your lady gsnt 
The bodies aboue, be them well domiiied 
To heipe vs forwards, without impediment 
Lake what ye saye, lake it be derificd 
From perfect reason, well exemplified 
Forsake ber not, tbou^ that she saye nay 
A woman's guiae, ii euomore to d^y. 

No casteU can bs, of so great a stjoigth 

If that there be, a sure siege to it layed 

It must yelds up, or els be wonne at length 

Thaugbe tlut tofore, it hath bene long delayed 

So continuaunce, may you right well ayde 

Some woman's harte, can not so harded be 

But busy labour, may make it agree 

M I 

Laboure and diligence, U fiiU mcniejloiu 
Whiche bryDgeth a louer, to his pRHiiacioD 
Nolhinge to laue, ia more desieroui 
Then insMunt Ubotire, and delecutjim 
The turded harts, it geueth occuioD 
For to coDHder, howe that her seruaunt 
To Bltayne hei laue, is lO Mtendauut. 

Thus all in comunyng, we the night did paise 

Tyll in the ayre, with clowea fayre and redde 
Rysen WB9 Fbebus, shinyng in the gUsse 
In the chamber, his golden rayei were spitdde 
And Dirvne, declinyng, pole aa any leade 
When the little byrdes, Bwetely did lyng 
With tunes musical), in the faire mornyng 

Councell and I, then rose full quickely 
And made t» reftdy, on our way to wallte 
In your clenly wede, appareled properly 
Wlut I wDulde saie, I lUd unto him tilke 
Tyll on hii boke, he began to calke 
Howe the aunne, entred was in Geminy 
And eke Dyan^ full of mutabilitie 

Eotred the Crabbe, hir propre matidon 
Then ryght amiddes, of the Dragon's Head 

And Venus and she, made conjunction 
From her combust way, she had her so sped 
She had no let, that was to be dredde 
The assured ayre, was depaynted cleare 
With golden beames, of fcyre Phebus ipeore 

Hen forth n> went, good Councell and I 
At. Ti. at clocke, tuIo a garden foyre 
By Musike's tower, walled most goodly 
Where La bell Pucell vsed to repayre 
In the swete moroytig, for to lake the ayre 
Among the flowers, of tromalyke fume 
The misty ayre, to exile and consume 

And at the gale, we met the portresse 
That was right gentle, and called Curtesye 
WMche saliwd ts, with wordes of mekenes 
And asked »a, the very cause and why 
Of our commyng, to the garden sothell 
Traely saied we, for nothing but well 
A little to speake, with La bell Fuc«ll. 

Tniely quod she, in the garden grene 

Of many a swete, and sundry floure 

She roaketh a garlande, thai is verye shene 

With trueloues wrought, with many a colours 

Replete with swetenes, and dulcet odoure 

And all alone, withouten company 

Amiddes an haiber, «he sittetli plcasauntly 

Nowe Blonde you styll, for a little space 
I will let her, of you haue knowledgyng 
And right anone, she wente to her grace 
Tellyng her then, howe we were commyng 
To apuke with her, greatly dcairynge 
Truely she saied, 1 am ryght well content 
Of thcdr commyng, to knowe the whole entent 

Then good Curtesy, without tariyng 
Cum TDto T* with all hei diligence 

Fraiyng n to take our entryn^ 
And come vnto, the ladie's presence 
To tell your errande, to her excellence 
Then in we went, lo the garden glorious 
Like to a place, of pleasure mofit solacious 

With Flora painted, and wrought curiously 
In diueiB knottes, of marueylous greatnea 
Rampande lyoos, stode vp wonderaly 
Made all of herbes, with dulcet swetenes 
With many dragons, of marueylous likenea 
Of diuers floures, made full craftely 
By Flora coulourcd, with colours sundrye 

Amiddes the garden, so muche delectable 

There was an harber, fayre and quadrant 

To paradise, right wel comparable 

Set all about, with floures fragrant 

And in the middle, there was resplendishaunt 

A dulcet spring, and marueylous fountains 

Of giride and asure, made all certaina 

In wonderAil), and curious nmilltuda 
There stode a dragon, of fine golde so pura 
Upon his tayle, of mighty fordtude 
Wrethed and skaled, all wyth asure 
Hauyng thre heades, diuers in figure 
Whiche in a bathe, of the siluer great 
Spouted Che water, that was so dulcet. 

Beside whiche fountaine, the most fkjrt Udj 

La bell Pucell, was gayly sittyng 

Of many floures, fayre and royally 

A goodly chaplet, she was in makynge 

Her heerc was downe, so clearely shinyng 

Like to the golde, late piuified with fire 

Her heere was btyght, as the drawen wyre 

Like lo a ladye, for to be right true 
She ware a fayre, and goodly garment 
Of moat fine veluet, all of Indy blewe 
With annines powdred, bordered at the rent 
On her &yre bandes, as woa conuement 
A payre of gloues, right slender, and soft 
In approchyng nere, I did beholde her oft. 

And when that I came, before her presence 
Unto the grounde, I did knele adowne 
Saiyng O ladye, most fayre of eicelloice 
O Btarre so clere, of Tertuous renowne 
Whose beauty fayre, in euery realme and town 
Indued with grace, and also goodnes 
Dame Fame the her selfe, dothe ei 

Please il your grace, for to geue audience 
Unto my wofull, and piteous complainte 
Howe feruent lone, wythout resistence 
My carcfull hart, hath made lowe and faynt 
And you Iherof, are the whole constraynt 
Your beauty truely, hath me fettred fast 
Without your helpe, my life is neare hand past. 

Stande by quod she, I maruell of this cace 
What sodayne louc, hath you so aniyed 
With so great payne, your hart to embrace 
And why for me, ye shoulde be so dismayed 
As of your life, y« nede not be afiaycd 


Tout wife hath caught it, in m aure ■ netl 
That if that I may not, jour buour get 
No doubt it i>, the great paine of loua 
H^ oat aaawage, till death it rsnouK 

Traetjr quod she, I am obedient 

Colo aij fimdes, whiclie do me w gjie 

Tlier shall me rule, ta is conuenient 

Jb tin uiare of loue, I will nothing slid* 

ISj chaunce or fcKtuoe, I will yet abide 

I thanke jou, for jour loue right humblje 

But 1 jooT cause, can nolhiog remedy. 

Ala* madams if I haoe eotetpiited 

A thing to bye, truely for my d^ree 

All Iboae nuiaea, whiche I baue commiied 

Hath bene on Fortune's, gentle vnitie 

Tmtjng Inwly, that she woulde fuiour me 

In this otae, whofbre nowe eiciue 

Tdut bumble (emauDt, and not me refuie 

Ha ha, what imyleth all your flattery 
¥aiir fayned wordet, ahal not me tppoie 
To make mine hart, to enclinc inwardl j 
Pv I my lelfe nowe, do nothing suppoH 
But for to proue me, you flatter and glose 
Tou shal aoi Aye, as long ai you speake 
Ihoc a m toiie, can cause yuur hart lo breeke 

I njnUe mf^"*"*, you had prorogatiue 
To kno*e the piiuitie, of my perfect mynde 
Howe all in payne, I leade a «dI\i11 liue 
Then as 1 troire, ye woulde not be Tnkinda 
Bat IbM some gmce, I might in you linde 
To cause mine hart, whiche jou fettred sure 
With bremiyog cbaynes, iucbe wo lo endure 

By TBiy reason, I may gene iudgetnent 
That it is tbe guise, (^ you euerychone 
To fidne you Bcke, by Bubtill argument 
Whoi to your lady, you list to make youre m 
But of you true, there is few or none 
Fsr all your payne, and wordes eloquoite 
With duie Repentaunce, I will not be shent 

■e all my deatiny 
Unhap and h^py, Tpon yuu dothe knowe 
IT that you call me, vnto your mercy 
Of all happy, the moat happy I trowe 
Han shall I be, of hye degree or lowe 
And if je list, so me then (o forsake 
Of all nhappj, Done thai be my make. 

I haoe your purpose^ oft Inougbe dmied 
Tou knowe your aunsweie, nowe certaintie 
What nede your wordes, of curiosjtie 
Woe here no more, for you shall not spede 
Co louc an other, where ye may baue mede. 

That shall I not, thougbe that I continue 
All my life in pajne and hesuines 
I shall not chaunge you, for none other ni 
You are my ladj, you are my mistris 
Whom I shall save, with all my getitlene 
Eiyte him neua, from your hart so deare 
Whiche vnlo his, bath set jou most neare 

The minde of men, chaungeth as tbe mone 
If you mete one, whiche Ib byre and bright 
Ye loue her best, till ye se right sane 
An other Tayrer, two your owne sight 
Unto ber then, your mind is turned ryght 
Tniely your loue, though ye make it straunge, 
I know full well, ye will it often chaunge. 

Alai raadame, nowe the bright lodes starre 
Of mj true hart, whereeuer I go or ride 
Though that my bodye, be from you afarte. 
Yet my hart onely, thatt with you abide 
When then you list, ye may for me prouide 
A remedy twete Isdy, of my harte 
It is your owne, it can nothing astart 

Nay truely, it can nothing be mine 

For I tlierof, take no pitas mninn 

Your hart is your's, by nibstandall line. 

It is not in my donunation, 

Loue where ye liil, at euery season 

Your hart is free, I do not it accept 

It is your owne, I baue il neuer kept. 

Alas madame, ye m^ say what you list 
With your beanty, ye take mine hart in mare 
Your louelj lokea I coulde not resist 
Your Tertuous maner, encreaseth my care 
That or all ioye, I am dcuoyde and bare 
I *e you right ofteo, when I am a slepe 
And when I wake, do dgb with teaics depe 

Ye are to subtill, and so false iwys 

Your great decdte, i> nothing commeudablo 

In Etoriea olde, it is well pmbable 

Howe many ladies, hsth bene right falsely 

With men decejued, yll and subtilly 

good nudanw, Ihoughe that they abused 
Them (o thdr ladies, in thrar great deceipt 
Yet am T true, let me not be refused 

Ye haue me taken, with so faint a baile 
That'ye shall neuer, out of niy conceite 

1 can not wrinche, bj no wile nor crake 
My hart ia faat, Tpon to sure ■ h^e 

Ye so saled tbej, til that ihej tiad their will 
Their Hill Bccomplisbed, tbey did fie at large 
For men say well, but the; thinlie ful yll 
Though outward swetenes, your tog doth Rilarge 
Yet of jour hart, I neuet can haue charge 



Nowe one, m 

. other, after their pleaaura 

All that madame, I knowe right perfectly 
Some mra there be, of that condicion 
That them delite, often In nouelry, 
A nd many also, loue perfcctioD 
I cast all BuchE nouels, in ahiection 
My loue is set, vpoo a per£te grounde 
No ftlabede Id me, truely sbolbe founde. 

Te my full wel, if ye meane the same 
But I in you can haue no confidence 

I ttnnke right well, that it is no gama 
To loue vnloued, with perdng influence 
You shall in me finde, no euche negligence 
To grant you loue, for ye are mthrifty 
Ai two or thre, to me dothe apecifie. 

Was neuer louer, without enemies thre 

Their tongues are poyson, vnto amitie 
What man on liue, can vse suche gouemau 

Of euery person, but right priuely 


Your lou 

t is, but yet in this case 

e and mine, is fiill faire a sunder 

Bui thonghe that I do, your hart so race 
If I dreade you, it is tfaerof no wcmder 
With my frendes, I am so sore kept Tnder 
I dare not loue, but as they accorde 
ITiey thinkc to wedde me, to a mighty lorde 

1 knowe madame, that your (Veades all 
Unto me, sure wilt be coittrarious 
But what for that, your selfe in speciall 
Remember there is, no loue so ioyous 

Against my minde, of that were I lothe 
To wedde for feare, as them to obey 
Yet had I rather, they were somewhat wrotbe 
For I my selfe, do beare the locke and keye 
Yet of my minde, and will do m 

d vntied. there 


LO ioye therto. 

O Rwete lady, the good perfect starre 

Of my true hatt, lake ye nowe pitie 

Thinke on my paine, whicbe am tofore you here 

With your swete eyes, bdioide you and se 

Howe thought and wo, by g — ■ 

So me thinke, it dothe right well appears 
By your colourc, that tone hath done you wo 
Your heuy counlenaunce, and your doleful ehe 
Hnth loue suche might, for to aray you so 
In so short a space, I maruell mucbe also 
That ye woulde loue me, so sure in certayae 
Before ye knew, that I woulde tone agayoo 

My good deare hart, it is no mantaile why 
Your beauty cleare, and looely lokes swete 
My hart did perce, tvith loue so sodainely 
At the flrste time, that I did you mete 
In the olde temple, when T did you grttte 
Your beauty my hatt, so surely assayed 
That sithe that time, it hath to you obeyed. 

Your WD and paine, and all your ianguishyng 
Continually, ye shall not spende in vayne 
Kthe I am cause, of your great morning 
Nothioge eiile you, shall I by disdaine 
Your hart and mine, shall neuer part in twaine 
Thoughe at the tint, I woulde not ci 
It was for feare, ye did some yll ei 

With thought of yll, my minde was neuer miit 
To you madame, but alway cleane and pure 
Bothe daye and nyght. Tpon you whole perfixt 
But I my minde, yet durst nothing diicure 
Howe for your sake, I did suche wo endure 
Till nowe this houre with drediiill hart so fidnt 
To you swete hart, I haue made my complaint 

I demed oft^ you loued me before 
By your demenoure, I did it espye 
And in my minde, I iudged eueimore 
That at the last, ye would* tiiU secretely 
Teil me your minde, of loue right gentlely 
As ye hnie done, so my maxy to craue 
In all worship, you tbtiX my true loue haue 

Lorde God then, hows joyfiiU w 
She loked on me, with lonely couni 

1 kiste her once or twise, right swetcly 

Her depured vysage, repleale with pleasaunce 
Rqoyced my hart, with ametous purueyaunee 
O lady cleare, that perst me at the rote 
O Houre of comfort, all my heale and bote 

O genune of vertue, and lady excellent 
Aboue all other, in beauteous goodlines 
O eyen bright at statre refulgent 
O profounde cause, of all my dckenes 
Nowe ail my joye, and all my gladnes 
Woulde Cod that we wen, jayTUrd ia one 
In mariage before, this daye wetv goat 


A, m, Mlad the, ja muM take {Wfiie • vhUe 
I mnat dapatt, Iw tbe compuldon 
Of 117 fraideii I will not ;ou bcgjle 
Thooj^ they nw leads, lo a Tutre amaoa 
Hr faart •haUw, witbout laiiKaoa 
With you present, ui perGte akenus 
Ai tnta and itable, w^hout doubloies 

To B* to eooi^ !■ hards and dsungonus 
Whoi I aaa tlnav, fiv gyuttea Jgif 
Widi monatsn atoo, Macks and tsdkma 
That by tba way, awaits ftili ouelly 
Fv to dnatluje yon, yll and Ttterly 

my loue, by hjs 


By good dame Fame, at the b^nnyng 
nai (be 10 me, of you well Dotifled 
Ai ifae came froiu, the lower or Lesmyng 
or all mcbe enemiei, tbe might exdudii^ 


When X d^art, from dame Astranomy 

ThB I may afto-, be fight joyous 
Titb ysu my lady, most swete and pmioua 
Wo wartbe tbe cauae, of your departynge 
machc all my lonnres, is in rcDuyng, 

Alai what plsamrs, and eke without diapott 
SbaQ I B0w haue, when that ye be gofae 
Ha ha trody, nowe without good cwufoit 
My doloroiu tort, ihalbe left alone 

at be tight lo 
tkst aa 1 may 

T3I Fortoie bryog me, t: 

TeC after ym, I will Di 

Hm bMte me after, aa 1 

la Ihe lower oC CUualry, I abaU make me (t 

And afto' that, paiae ibortly on my way 

With diligent labour, on my kournry 

ipite of your cnemiea, J ihall me u epeda 

liat in (boct time, ye may reward my mede 

I tfaanke you quod ihe, with my hart entire 
Bat yet with me, ye shall make couenaunls 
Aa T to you, am right lefe and dcare 
Ueao no penon, ye •hall m aduanle 
Tlst I to knie you, am »a awendaunt 
For aoy thing, your councell not bewi^e 
Fv tfaMt foil Boo^ might n bathe betny 

Aad to tell me, I pny you hatlely 

Toads ii Councell, luwe wbc you t 

He ia bothe booeat and true certtinely 

Dothc he not knowe, bow your hart ii flunted 

With Eiraent Ions, M nitely attainted 

If he ID ^ yet 1 nothing repent 

He ia K> •ccietc^ and true of cntent 

When that your beauty, dearely spcndoit 
Into my hart, fiill wondenly did passe 
Like aa fhyre Fhebua, dothe shine in the glame 
AU alone, with inwanle care so rent 
Into a temple, fortbe on my way I wenis 

Where that I walked, plunged in the pltte 
Of great diqiayre, and he then ms mecte 
Alan he aaied, ms thinks je lose your witts 
Tell me the trouthe nowe, without any let 
Why ys demesne, luche moitall sorowe great 
Auoyds quod I, you ahall nothing It knOwe 
You can not belpe me, in the casa I trowe. 

But he luche reaaon, and fVuitefbll aentence 

Did for him laye, that I tolde him all 

When be it knewr, with all his diligence 

He did mc comfort, then in ipedsll 

Unto my minde, be bade me to call 

Who aiureth to ipeake, he to spede dothe spare 

00 tcU your lady, the cause of your care 

By whoae councell, grounded in wisdome 
To the entent, I shoulde spede tbe betlo- 
And right shortly, 1 did then to you come 
But drcade alway, made my lorow greater 
After great paine. the toyes is the sweter 
For who that tasteth, painefuU bilteraes 
The iuye to him, is double swetenes 

And therwithall, I did *nta ber bryng 
Councell my frende, and full right make 
Did him receiue, as he was comming 
And of all thingcF, she did him beseke 
After her parting, the ome weke 
To baste me forwarde, 10 my iourneyes ende 
Thereto quod I, I do well condescende 

Fare wall quod she, I may no leoger tarye 
My flvndea will come, of that were I loUie 

1 shall retains you, in my memory 

And thd it kncwe, they woulde with me be wroth 
To loue you best, I promiw you my trouth 
And then mine eyeo, great aorowe shewed 
With tsarea salts, my ehekes were endued 

Her eyes graye, began to Joke right redde 
Her gsye white cotoure, began for to pale 
Upon her chekea, so the droppea wev spredde 
Whicbe from her eyen, began to aduole 
From her swete hart, she did the ughcs hale 
Ncuer before, u I trowe and wene 
Was uicb departing, true louers betwenc 

We wiped our chekea, otir sorowes lo eloke 
Outwardly ftyning tb, to be glsdda and mery 
That the people should, not percciue the smoke 
Of our hote fire, to light Uie emjspery 
Thoughe inwardly, with a stormy pery 
The fire was blowen, yet wee did it cotier 
Because abroade, it shoulde nothing perceuer 

Out of the garden, to an hauen side 
Forthe we went, where was a ihippo r*ght large 
That taried there, after the Aowyng tide 
And w then did there, many a bnst and barge 
The shippe was great, liue. C. lunne to diarge 
La bell Pucell, right anone me tolde 
In yonder shippe, whicbe that ye bcbolde 

Fortlie muM I eayle, nithout lenger delaf 
It is full sea, my fimde* will came Kine 
Therfoje I pray you, to go henc« your way 
II draweth feat nowe, towarde tile none 
MadAint quod I, your pleasure shal be done 
With wofuU hurt, and great sigbea ofl 
I kisssd ber lippes, that were swele and soft 

Sbe Tnto me> nor I vnto bcr coulde ^ealie 
And as of that, it wm do great wonder 
Our haile* swelled, as that tbey shoulde breake 
Tbe Sn of loue, was so mre kept vndcr 
Wben I from her, shoulde departe asunder 
With her fayTe heade, die did lowe eucline 
And in Ukewise, so did I wilb tnyne 

Htr frendes and she, on their way tbey sayled 
Along Che hauen, God them saue and brynge 
Unto the land, I heard wlie that they haled 
With a great peale of gunnes, at tlieir departyng 
The marueylouse tower, of famoln cunnyng 
No gunae was shoCCe, but my ban did wcpe 
For hei departyng, with woKill leares depe 

Council me comjurted, as euer he might 
Witb many stories, of olde antiquitie 
Remember he saied, IbM neuer yet was wigbt 
That lined alway, in great tranquilicie 
But tliat him hajiped, tome adueiaitie 
Then after that, when the payne was past 
The double ioye, did comfort them at last. 

Ye nede nothing, for to make great doloure 
Fortune to you, hath bene right ftuounble 
Makyng you, Co attayne tbe good feuour 
Of your lady, so swete and amiable 
No dcHibt it is, she is true and stable 
And demesne you so, that in no wise 
No man perodue. or of your loue eumuso. 

Be hardy, fearce, and also couragious 
In aU your batlailes, wiChout feblcnes 
For ye shall be, right well TictoriouH 
Or all your enemies, so full of subtilnes 
Arme you with wisdome, for more surenes 
Let wisdome worke, for she can Ktedfastlye 
In time of nede, resist the contrary 

Was neuer man, yet (orely at debate 
With Sapience, but that he did repent 
Who that is ruled, by her higbe estate 
Of his after witta, shsU ueuer be sbent 
She is to man, right beneuolcnt 
With wallea sure, she dothe him fortifie 
When it is nede, to reriM ■ contrary. 

Wai neuer place, wliete as she did guide 
With ene&~Jes, brought to destruction 
A remedy, she can no well prouide 

To her high workc, ia no comjiarison 
It hath M> strong, and bure foundation 
Nothing there i a, that can it moli^c 
So sure it ia, agaynst a contraTTc 

Of ber alwaye*, it is Itia perfect guiae 

To begyn nothing, of mutabilitie 

As is the warr*, wbiche may sone Brysa 

And will not downe, it maye so study h* 

The beginner oft, liath the iniquitie 

Wben he began, wisdome did reply 

In his great nede, to reugt tbe contrary 

Tbe mighty Frrant, sometime king of Troyc 
With all his dtye, so well ibrtiBeJ 
Little regarded, all his weahh and loye 
Without wisdome, truely eiempUGed 
His proper death, him aelfe be nutri&ed 
Agaynst his war?*, wisdome did replyc 
At bis great nede, to resist the cm tra ry 

And where that wisdome, ruleth hardinoa 

Hardines then is, euer inuindble 

There may nothing it vanquishe or opprease 

For prudence is, so well intclLgible . 

To her there is, nothing impossible 

Her grounded worke, is made so perfiCely 

That it must nedes, resist the contrary 

To wofull creatures, she is goodly leche 

With her good blister, called Facicnce 

To the tower of loye, she dothe them tell wcclto 

In the way of hope* withouC redstence 

Who to her list, to apply bis diligence 

She will him bringe, to worship ahortelye 

That he ehaU well, resist the conHary. 

e, your sorowc sum 

Right BO let wisdomi 

Arid hye you fast, vi 

And let no thought, in your hart enge 

But aAer this, speake tti Aacronomy 

And fate you wdl, for I roust from yon ga 
To other loucrs, whicbe are in dkpair* 
As 1 did you, to cnnfbrt them also 
It ia grete nede, that I to them repayre 

Haboundaunt tesrea, their hartei do re&eire 
Fare well quod I, my good frendc so true 
I woulde with me> ye might alway ^usua 

Then agayne 1 went, to the tower raelodioua 
Of good dame Musike, my Icaue fbr to take 
And priuely, with these wordes dolorous * 
I saied O lower, thou maiest wel aslake 
Sucbe melody nowe, in the more to make 
Tbe gemme is gone, of all famous poK 
That w» chefe cause, of the great comfort 

Whilome thou waa, tbe bire tower of light 
But nowe thou art, replete with dwiunea 
She is nowe gone, that ^hmm in the bo bright 
Thou wast sometime, the towo- of gladoea 
Nowe maist thou be, tbe tower of heauinea 
For tbe chefe is gone, of all thy melody 
Wboae beauty deare, made toost awetc aimanj 
The feire carbuncle, so full of clearenea 
That in the truely, did most purely shine 
The ptarle of pitie, replete with swetenea 
Tbe gentle gilloaoute, the goodly columbine 
Tbe redolent plante, of tbe dulcet vyne 

For she ia so faire, out otAy presence. 


Howe tar to 4nlv, 1 Bsy be asait 
Wbcn Ibou ait bMice, tb* (Mnv c^ 
For all 107 ddile, wh to bebolda tha 
A tova- tower, ill my ioje u gone 
In tba to alter, cooifiirt u there 

ejcn, wUebe an noire all blfiida 

Umb of dame Muaka, wilb all lovliim 

1 did take mj laaii^ witboutni larifng 

fh Ifaanked n^ with all bar luAaMa 

And all alonc^ forthe I went miuyDg 

A ■ quod I, mj lone asd likfiig 

)• Dowe C*iTe hence, on vhom my wbole delJte 

Daidj was Mt, Tpon bar to baoe right 

Adien, adiew, I woulda i wsra jou by 
C«d gene Die gnce, with you M>M to dwall 
Lik* aa I did, for tp ae jon dayl; 
ToBT lowlj chaaw, and gwitle « 
Bciojied my batt, with fode m 
tOae tjta to a« jrou, w eta u 

BtbaM, my kdy aad 
Be, nto yoar pide 
g JKM^ *ri(ta all my g< 
let awcr while, to lidii)w •pon ma 
What payne 1 ■uBr, ^ grwt aittamiiiB 
And to pardoa me, ot my n>de writyny 
F« widi wrfiill Wt, waa mine andityng. 

Islorthe I went, Tpea ■ cr^^y roehe 
Vjtto tbc iow^ moat voderAilly wrought 
Of Geooetrye, and aa 1 did approche 
n* ahitude, »il in my mynde I aougbt 
Sne hundred Tote, ai I by number thought 
Hiiailiaul it wai, and did bene and wtte 
At ^ioy Btormc, wfwn the winde was gieat 

11mm tt die lait, I came into an ball 
Hanged with anai, lycbe and precious 
Aad eoery windows, glased with cristall 
lAe a place of pleasure, miiche solacious 
Vitfa kuitta seimgled, gaye and gloiioui 

IS ball, replete witb ticlica 
' le sate &1II worlbely 
ber grvat nicies 
t, bc&re bet m«kely 
1, ye woike foil royally 
I 111 sill hii you, with all my <i:ilgfnj-j 
"* ' ' r wusuleriull sc ' 

Tar I my selfe, can right weli diMute 
Of eueiy itarrB, whiche is sene in m 
Tht marueylous greatnes, by me miaaiuyng 
For God made al^ af " ' 

By good measuryng, both the hoiglit and dapasM 

Of euety thing, as I mdenlande 

The leufth and breadth, wiOf all the graatnea 

Of the finnament, so panyng the Unda 

And who my cunnyn^ list (o take in hand* 

In his emispoy, i^ bye tw lowe degre 

Nothing tluie is, but it may meaaun ba. 

Wa mq' tharof, knowa well the 
Who ^this science, dotba knoii 
All maistriaa might, measure perfltely 
For Geometiye, doilie abewe it opanlya 

When that b meamre, there is no lackyitg 
Wbete that is measure, whole is the body 
Where thai ia UMasure, good is Iha liuyng 
Wba« that is measure, wisdome it truely 
Where that ii measure, worke it dyrectly 
Where that is measute. nature's workynge 
Nature encreaseth, by right good kDOFledgrnge. 

Whve lackcth miasure, there Is no pUnlia 
Where lacketh messure, sicke is the courage 
Wb«se lacketh measure, there is iniquilie 
Where lacketh measure, there is great outage 
Where lacketh me^ure, is none aduauntage 
Where lacketh measure, th«re is great gkiKonr 
Where Ucketb measure, ia moat vnbappy 

For there is no bye, nor great ealata 
Withouten measure, can kepe his dignltie 
It dotb preserue him, botbe early ana late 
Kepyng him from, tba pitta i^pouotie 

wj, fotlio it um w w 

Who loneth measure, can not da amisir 
So perltely is, the higbe openlion 
Among all thingcs, so it 
That it is full, of all deleclalion 

Without measure, wo wottbe the iudgemeni 
Without maanirc^ wo woftbe the tempaamu* 
Without measure, wo wntbe tbc punidimept 
Without maasura, vo worthe purueyaoce 
Without measure, wo worthe tfae sustenaunce 
Without measure, wo worthe the -sadnease 
And without measure, wo wortbe the gUflf^ 

Measure Miaaiui|hii. measuntly dotbe all 
Heanne meaauiyng, meaaunlly maketb 
Measure measuryng, msaauratlye guide iball 
Measure measuryng, mesuratly dothe coll 
Measure measuryng, to right hyu preeminence 
For alwsy mefaure, is gtounde of eiceDence 


Meanire meuureth, meaaure in effect 
Heasure meanirstta, eucr^ quantide 
Measure mcasurelh, aliray the aipecte 
Measure meaaunetli, in tertuntie 
MenBure mmuretb, in the stiilalitie 
Heaiure meuureth, in euery doublfull cane 
And meuure it the lodestaire of all grace. 

Afl&ct of meamre, ii long continnaunoe 
Quantitie without meoaure IB nought 
Aspect of meanire, deooydMh lepeauunee 
CertaToe woulde weje, iU thiiuea thought 
Stabililie, Tpon a perfect grounde ii wrought 
Cbh doubdiill may, jet a while abide 
Grace may in apace, a remedy prouide 

Cotintenaunee cauieth, the promocion 

Nought anayleth eeniice, wit' ' " 

RepentauDcc n after aH abvaion 

Thought afore, woulde hmie had perceueraunCe 

Wrotight bow* ihould be, by dede the miucfaauiMe 

Abide nothing, till tliou do the dede 

Prouide io nunde, bow Ibou mairt haue made. 

AneDdaonce dotbe, attayne ^ 

Abuiion il causer, of all Tariaunce 

Ferceueraunce causetli tlie great honours 

Mkchaunce alway. Is rote irf' doloure 

Dede done, am not be called agayne 

Hede welt rewarded, bathe widh toye aikd fToe. 

lien I tofce my leaue, and went ttaat Geometrje 
Towarde Astronomy, ai titt as I my^ 
For all my nunde, was let right inwardly 
Upon my lady, that was &yre and brygfat 
My bart with her, wh botbe day and ny^ 
Sbe had it locked, with a locke so sure 
It wai ■'■er owne, she had theraf toe curci 

- Then fbrtbe I went, into a medowe grene 
With Flora painted, in many a sundry odour 
Uke a gay goddeate, of all floun the quene 
She enceiuad out, her aromatike odoure 
The bretbe <rf' Zephenu, encreaaed the floore 

Was a panilion, t7ght bye and quadiaoL 

Of greaeaarcenet, bordred with golde 
Wlwrin did hange, a byre aMnilogy 
Whirtie tA Astronomy, did liill well beh<ddB 
Unto wtaoni then, I came fiill AoHij 
And knelcd adowne, bdbre btt mddy 
fiesecbyng ber, of her greM gentlenca 
Ofliericienoe,(o>l>ewr ■' '-^ - 

Jdj sdence, nyed sbe, it ia right rcastmable 
And ii the last, of the sdraees seuen 
Unto man, it is alio ryght profitable 
Sbewyng the course, aboue of the htaiKa 
Ryght mimieylous, for uxj man to neuen 
Who knewe astronomy, at cueiy maner seasoi 
Mygbt set in order, euery thing by reaaon. 

Alio the other, vi. sciences blteiali 
Pj aatrotmDy, prindpally w«re founde 

And one were loste, diey were Tanlibad all 
£cbe *pon other, hath so snra a grounde 
In all (be worlde, that is so wide and rooilde 

n all, right well and lurdy. 

Nor I 

The high Bi 

That the first day, dcuided all the light' 
From [he daiteues, with his will prepotou 
And the seccoid doy, with his excellent might 
Hie waters aboue, he did deuide a ry^ 
From the earthly waters, i^cfce aie infrrial 
The tbirde day, beibes and fniitn in special 

And the fourtbe day, be set in workyng 
The bodies abouci to haue tbor niauyn|; 
In the. liL Bgnas, them sdusa la dooiify« 
Some tethrogarde, and some directly 

The Bit daye, be did fishes nuke 
In tbe sea, the great stormy flow^ 
To and (Vo, thm courses lor to take 
And in the wales', for to haue tbesr fode 
Like to (be same, oride alway their bloude 
Tbe lixt daye, bentes with fbwle» eeniatiue 
And man ako, with snile inlellei:*yue>, 

Tbe seuenth day, be rested of his worin 
Nothing coosliayned, as of werinca 
As wiitelh many a i^la bmous claib 
But that he had, accomplished donbtlea 
His purposed purpose by infinite prowes 
As to Ts dotbe most plainely discurc 
The psfect grounde, of holy scripture 

Hius God him aelfe, is chefe aatnmoma- 
Hiot made all thing, accordjng to his will 
Tlie sunne, the mone, aikd euery Kttle atarre 
To a good entent, and fbr no maner of ^1 
Withouten rayne, be did aB thing fuUyU 
As astronomy, dotha make ^ipaniuioa 
By reaaon be weyed, all thingea in '"1-"~» 

And for as mucbe, that he made Nature 

Fbat of all, to haue domioatioa 

He power of ber, I shall anone discure 

Howe that die taketb, her operation 

And where vpon is ber foundation 

I simple and rude, oppreal with negligence 

Shall disdiue the mi^t, of ber preeminence 

For thougbe tiiat aui^ell be inuindble 

In palpable, and also celfatiaU 

Without subslaunce, as inceodble 

Yet haue they nature, whiche is angdicaO 

For Nature, naiuryng, naturaie made all 

Heauen and earth, and the bodies aboue 

By couiw of nature, for to wwke and mone. 

On man or beast, without any miase 
Sbe woiketh directly, after the anpect 
Of the matter, be tt more or lessc I wino 
And dotbe tberof, tbe whole fiane direct 
After the qualitle, it dothe take effect 



e theraT certayne 
c Nature, dotbe eomtnjnc 
I do, for ibc laelh aoaffit 
QMteTf but hath it wholj wrought. 

And in likewise, wbere 1b not mffident 
or the toattcr, For tbe whole foniMtion 
Ikoe Imdetti m msiiber, by gmt impediment 
So tlMt then cmn be, no perHte fuhioo 
Ai vmj be iudgtd, b; perGte maoo, 
AAet Ae qualitie, of tlu matter lackjrig 
So '—*-*'■ they, of Natm^i [onajng. 

SiHiie lackcth a l^ge, k>iik 

SoDte ■ finger, aadsome m 

&Q these cmoses, with mu, 

Niture wiDT^eth, ao directly doubtln 

Upon die mt tB ", am I do eiprene 

Alto- the quatitie, in man; a aundry irise 

The kinds of ber, we ought nothing decjdw. 

Some be tkjn^ and irplete with gFace 
Scane be &7re, and yet right vnhappy, 
ScBe be fnile, and can mie purchue 
Lando and po Mc iaioni, to them ibortly 
Soow be foolei, and tome be right wji^ 
Wbeimpoa I dial sbewe a diBTerence, 
Of the I. wittesi by good experience. 

The eycB. the earea, and alio the noae 

n* nDDth and bands, inward wita are none 

Bat outward officea, aa ye may auppoae 

To dw inwsrd wittea, whiche do iudge alone 

For *iMa tbeia, all Ihiagca baue gone 

By Ihtat outward gatsa, to bane the knowledging 

% the inwatde wittea, to bane deeernyng 

Thoe K* the fitie wittn, ntaoajiig inwardlj 
"^^ n witte, and then ymagination 

Of the eyen, the office ooely ia the ay^t 

To ae the ftyre, the lowe, or altitude 

TW white or blacke, the beauy, of the light 

The litie or great, the weake or fintitade 

The Tgly fauDure, or yet the putcritudc 

TUa ■■ the ne, of tlie eyen enteare 

To ae al tbingn, whiebe may well appeare. 

But of tbein aelnea, they can decerns nothing 
One tarn an otber, but the commen witte 
IWeentth coloures, by ipirituall cunnyng 
To the fine inwarde witte*, it ia ao well kititle 
Kolfaing ia ame, but it do^ iudge it 
It dotlw deceme, the f;ood from hadoen 
Tk by*!, (be lowe, the foule, the fUtcnei 

Tbe noaa alao, eucry ayt« duthe amell 

But yet it hath, TtotiuDg aunhoritie 

If it be awete, for to iixlge and tell 

But the cotnmen witte, dothe it in certainetia 

Deeernyng faaaurB, in euery degre 

Knowyug the awete ayre, from the itinkyng 

Whea that the noae, thwof hath amellyng 

Tbe earei alao, ryght wdl gaue audjence 

Unto a tale, hearynK it right perfectly 

But they can not, diac^me the aentoice 

To knowe wherupon it dothe ao latiGe 

Upon great wisdome, or ela tpon foly 

Thua whether the tale, be ry^U good or badde 

By the commen iritle, the knowledga i* bad 

Poly hath earei, aa well aa Sapience 

But be can not deteimine, by iu« hearyng 

What tale it is, for lacke of iutdligencs 

For tbe commBi witte, is all mduatandyng 

And that he lackefh, to geue him koowjiig 

Wberfore tbe (area, are but an intreaae 

To the comen witte, that iheweth ttae perfectnaa 

Tbe moulbe tHtelh, bothe awete and bitlernea 
But tbe comxaen witte, decernMb properly 
If it be tourat or replete with aweCenea 
Nor yet the handeo, fele nothing certainety 
But the commen witte, decemeth lubtilly 
Whethn it lie harde, mnial, or of drynea 
Hote, beau;, anil, or yet colde doubtlea 

Tfaui CDmmcn witte, worketh wondenlj 
Upon the V, gates, whiche are receptatyue 
Of euery thing, for to take inwardely 
By the commen witte, to be affiimatyue 
Or by decemyng, to be negatyua 
The commen wUle, the Bnt of witlea all 
I> to deceme, all thinges in genetsll 

And then lecondly, ymagination 

Wheo the commen witte, hath the thing dect . 

It woiketh by all, due inclinacjon 

For to bryng the matter, to Oe whole alTeot 

And ftntaay, then hath the whole aspect 

Tbe ymagined matter, to bring to flniahmeni 

WiOi good deaire, and inwarde iudgemoit 

To bryng the caun, nto pnfect vtteraimce 
Often it weygheth, the cauae in lialaunce 
By eetimation, any thing ia numbred 
By lengthe or ahorloe*, howe it it accombred 

Fiflely tbe mynde. when the fourth haue wrout^t 

Ret^ned all, tyll tbe Ynynde houa rnade 

An Dutwarde knowledge, to the matter thought 

Becauae nothing, ahatl decline and fade 

It kepeth tbe matter, nothinge rethrogarde 

But dyractly, till the mynde haue proued 

All fuche mattcra, which the. iiii, baue moued 

Plato the cnnnyng, and famoui daike 
That well eipertc, was in philosophy 
Dothe ryght rehearse, Tpon Nature's warke 
Howe thu she worketh Tpon al wondersly 
Bathe for to minishe, and to multiplye 
In sundry wise, 1>y great direction 
Attet the matter, with all the whole aflectiou 
H 3 

Wbo will theroT, knows all the pecfectOM 
Id philgiophj, be shall Bnde it rjgUt hu* 
Whicbe all the troutb, can to him diicm 
So nuui cut ntayne, peifect cuniiTnE 
But bj long itudy, mid diUt 

The right bye pmrec, Katnre aatuiTRg 
Nximte madci the hodyes ebaue 
Iq S1U11I17 iris«, to tike their workyt^ 
That alKRite the woride, natunllye do mm* 
As by goCMl reason, the philosophers pmve 
"nut the pUoeta and starrea, instxtuneiites be 
To Nature'* wortyng, In aiaj 6egn. 

God gaue great Tcrtne, to the plstieti all 
Aod specially, vnto depured Phebus 
To enlumine (he vorlde, ever in qwriaU 
And then the mone, of ber leUe tRtebrona 
Made light with the beatDes. gay and gterioiu 
Of tbe sunne, a fayre resplendishaunt 
In the long nyght, with tajes tadiaunt 

By theK twa|ne, euery thing hath grow^nga 
Bothe vegitadue, and censatyue alao 
And also iotellectiue, without leasyng 
Ko earthly thyng, ntqr haua life and go 
But by the planets, that moue to and fro 
Wlien that God >ct them, in opeialian 
He gaue them rtxutt, in dluers fiuUan 

Some bote and moyM, and some ctdde and drytt 

Sonie liote and diye, moist and cotde 

Thus euery one, hath Teituen luildiye 

At it made mendon, in the bokea olde 

They ihew their powa and worke, many a fblde 

Man vpon them, bath hit diaposoB 

By the naturate power, of coutellation 

What BbouMe I wiitc more, in this matter bya 

In my malernall toiige, c^prest with igDonvnca 

For wbo that list, to leame astronranya 

He shall fynde, all (hiitfull pleasaunca 

In the Latine tongue, by goodly ordinaunca 

Wberibre of it, I will no lengcr tarys 

For feare ttom troutlit that I happto to nrj 

Of dame Astronomy, I did take my bcenca 
For to truidj, to the tower of Chiuilry 
For all my mynde, with percyng influence 
Was set Tpon, tbe most fayre ladye 
I^ bell Puccll, so muche enlentiflye 
That euery day, T did (hinke flflene 
Till I againc, had her swetu person sena. 

nowe Ml nij luHouiaS, I do me eicuie 
If I offended, by my great necligenc* 
Thk little worke, yet do ye notTeAue 
I am but yonge, it it (o me obtuse 
Of these matten, to preaiime to endite 
But for my leamyng, that I list to write 

Under obedience, and tbe correction 
Of you my masten, eiptit in cunnyng 

Uoto your perfite vndeistandiBg 

As euermore mekely, to you encliaynge 

With diligent laboure, no^c w\ ' 

When ctene Aurora, w' her goldE beamea 
Gan to enlumine, the darke clowdy ayr« 
And cobust Dyane, her great flery lemet 
Amiddes of die Boll, b^an to rcMyN 

With my greyhounds, bothe Grace and < 
Ouer an hill, and bo downe in a Tsley 
Among the thomes, of great encombraunce 
The goodly greybounde^ taught me 00 my wi 
So fortbe I pasted, my troublous journey 
Till that I came, into a royall playne 
With Flora paynted, in many a sundry •njae 

With purple colour, the floure eidiewed 
Id diuen knottes, with many one fiill blew* 
The gentle gillofloure, his odoure renued 
With sundry herbes, ivplete with vertue 
these floures, as t did ei 

Towarde this ti 

Lmbynge starre 

rer, as I roile nere and nerv 
;ke, of maruraloua altitude 
On whicbe it stode, that quadrant did apper* 
Made all of ttele, of wooderous fortitude 
Oaiveylde with beastes, in sundry ^milituda 
And many turreUet, aboue the towss bye 
With ymages was set, full marueylously 

Towarde this tower, forthe on aj way I want 

l^U that I came, to a mighty foltresie 

Where I sawe hange, a mameylous instnunent 

With a shelde aod helmet, before the entrea 

I knewe nothing, thereof the perfectnes 

But at aiienture, the installment I toke 

And blewe so loude, that oil the tower I dicdu 

When the porter, bearde the hydeoua aounda 

Of my right lusty, and stormy blast 

That made the walles, thereof to redounde 

Full like a knight, that was nothing agast 

Towarde tbe gate, he gaue him selfe to haata 

And opened i^ and aued my name 

And fro whence I came, to ccrliEe the saiae> 

My name quod I, ia Oraande Amoura 
Of late 1 came, fnnn tha tower of DootiiiM 
Where I attayned, all the high honours 
Of the seuen saence^ me to enlumjne 
And than thence, I did detemune 
Forthe to trauaile, to thit tower of Chitialrr 
Where I haue blowen. Ibis btaat to todainMy 


"Die flower at chituiry, witli jour whole dclite 

After A* traodi, my selfc for to ewii 
I ifid tberv rot, Uku in >11 gooHj wiea 
Ami ilept rigiit wdl, without u>j diHon 
T7II aa Ibe morowc, tbc ninne &A une 
lis) Tp I roie, M mu m; perfect guiK 
And nude me n*dj, into the courte to ga 
With atj mlct, and mj greybonndei dao 

Tbe gentle ports', nuned Stcd&Mne* 

Into the baw courte, on my way me brought 

ViBB stode ■ tower, ot manieyloua higfana 

That all of jaaper, Full wondersly waa wrought 

Ai any man, caa printe tn bui thought 

And fboTC ymagea, aboue the tower there were 

On bone backe vioed, and euery one a speare. 

Tlieie ymagee were made, (Ull cuiiouslye 

With ilieir hwwa, of the n^ u fine 

And ecbe oT than, in their place* uuidry 

About won let, that dady did dxiiM 

lite DTane clean, in her celeUyne 

And mitr ecbe haiae, there waa ftill priuely* 

A gnat wiiele made, by oaAy Geometry. 

With many cofgfa, TBto which wo* tied 
IXbbs cwidea, that is the borsea hollowe 
To euoy ioynte, fall woDdcnlye ifipUed 
Whts tlK wheles went, tbe hone* did fokrwe 
To tnitie and g>l<^ botbe euen and morow 
BicdyDg Ibeir ipeareai^aiid coslde them diicharge 
Parlyng a niDder, totV^batay at large 

Bm^ dut tower, of aide foundation 
Tbtat waa • temple, ctrongly edified 
Ta the highe fafmotue, and reputation 
Of the mighty Mars, it wai so fortified 
And far to knowe, what it mgnified 
I mnA in, and nawe of golde so pure 
Of ir orthy Mars, the marueylous picture. 

Tbeie was dep^ntcd, all about the wall 
The grea dcMruction, of the citye of Troy 
And the noble ades, to raygne memoriall 
Of tbe worthy Hector, that waa all their ioye 
Uia dolaiius death, was harde to occoye 
Aad >o when Hector, waa cait all downe 
The imtAj Troylui, waa most hygh of renowne^ 

And at I caat my sight «o aiide 
Btbotdyng Han, howe woitderAilly he itode 
On a whele toppe, with a Wy 1^ pryde 
HaoDced about, 1 thought nothing but good 
Bat tliat ihe had, two &ce> in une bode 
Yet I knelcd adowne, and made n^e orisoD 
To doubty Han, with great deuockn 

S^yng, O Mara, O god of the warn 
The pside lodeetarre, of an hardy hart 
DiOytl adowne, thy grace from so farre 
To cause all fean, tma me to astarte 
IbM in tbe feldc, I may rygM weU aubuert 

O piynce of honiiUTe, and of worthy fame 
O noble knyghtei, of aide anUquitie 

redoubted courage, tbe cauier of tb«r name 
Whose worthy actes. Fame cauaed to be 

In bokea written, as ye may weQ Be 
So geue me grace, ryght well to recure 
The power ef Fsoie, that 4iall long endure. 

1 thought me past, all childely ygnoraunce 
The. iii. yere, of my yonge flouryng age 

I thought that Venua, mjgbt nothyng auaunce 
Her strength agaynat me, with her lusty courage 
Hy witte I thimght, had aucbe aduauntage 
That it sboulde rule, botbe Venua and Cupide 
But all* for wo, for all my aodayne pride. 

When that PbriHia enlred was, in Oen^nje 
Towarde the Cr^ibe, takyng aacentJon 
At tbe time, of the great aolemnitie 
From heauen above, of God's deacenlion 
In a great temple, with whole entencion 
' ' went walkyng, my aelfe to and fro 
Full aodaynely, Venus wrought me suche wo 

IT aa I caat then, my syglit all aloft 

lawe Venus, in beauty ao clean 
WUche caused Cupide, with his dart ao aoft 
To wounde my hart, with feruent loue so deare 
Her louyng countenaunce, 10 highe did appeara 
That it me rauished, wi^ a sodaine thought 
Alaa for wo, it auayled me right nought 

To gcue Budieiioe, nito the melody 
Of waytea and organa, that were at the feast 
Loue bad me wounded ao son inwardly 
What waa to do, I knewe not the beat 
Replete with sorowe, and deuoyde of ren 
Sithen the time, that ibe my hute so wounded 
My ioy and pride, abe hath full lowe confounded. 

And BO nowe, for to attayne ber grace 

As thou doest knowe, become aduenturoua , 

Besecbyng the, in this periUoui caae 

Man me auccoure. In lime tempestjoua 
That I may passe, tbe passage dauDgeroiu 
And to thy laude, bonoure, and glory 

1 shall a temple, right strongly edifjie 

Wei] Oien saied Man, I shall the fotdly 
n all thy wsrre, as fast aa I can 
lut for thy payne, I knowe no remedy 

For Venus raygned, when that thou began 

First for to loue, makyng the pale and waime, 
,nd of the troulhe, to make relation 

Thou was borae vnder, her constellation 

Wherfore thou must, of very perfite ry^t 

1 her sue, by the disposicion 
Whiche the constrayneth, with »i*ole delite 
For to loue ladyca, by true affection 
Suche is her course, and operation 
Wherfbn when thou host learned peifitely 
The for to goueme, by prudent chiualrye. 


Unto > temple, in ill humble wise 

Before dune Venm, thine ablation to make 

Whiche all th]r paine, inaye tone redresae and alaka 

For et diat time, sbe boldeth a parlimeut 

To Tednsso kuen, of th«r impediment 

Aha quoil Fortune, with (he faees twayne 
Behinde sir Mais, I haue a great mamayle 
'I'hal ttiou doest pronuHe him, that he ahal attayne 
Unto his purpose, with all diligent trauayle 
'Fhroughe thine ayde, cite strength and couiisajle 
Sythence dependeth, in mine ordinauDce 
Him to promote, or biyng to mischaunce 

My poner, estate, and royal! dignitie 
Dotbe turno the whcle, of worthely gloiy 
Often rp BO downe, by mutaliilitie 
Haue not I promoted, full noblye 
Many a tow degre, to raygne iuU royallye 
And often haue made, a transmutation 
Of wortdely weslthe, into tribulation. 

Thus can I make, an allerasian 

Of wonhely bonoure, nhiche dothe depeude 

AU onely in my domioadou 

"nuougbe the worlde, my whele dothe eitoide 

As reason doUie, ryght well comprehende 

Of raj great chaunces, whicbe are vnaure 

Ai dayly dotbe appere well in vre. 

If I sboulde woriLe, with perfect Medfaatues 

Aa to exalt some, to be honourable 

And that they knewe, by perfiEe sykemea 

That it sboulde durc^ and not be vaiiaUe 

It were a thing, vnto me culpable 

For great orguel piide, shoulde them so biynde 

To know thenk seluea, they should lose theor mind 

Thus when that they, ^oulde them seluea forget 
And in nowise, their owne person knowe 
Full little then, they woulde by me sette 
That them exalted, to hye degree from lowe 
And by my chaimce, coulde nought thi oualhrow 
Thus shoulde they do, and dreade me nothing 
Wherfore my whete, is euomore tumyng 

And where that I, ahoulde tume my Gue 
Castyng some, io pytta of pouertye 
They were condempned, without any grace 
As for to attayne, any prosperitie 
Whiche were a cause, of greale iniquitie 
Far riche men's goodes, I must oft tramUle 
Unto the pore, tbem for to eleuale 

And thirdely, I dioulde loae my name 
For thia wonle fortune, is well derifled 
Of an accident cfaaunce, bathe good or shame 
When that the dede, is so exemplified 
Wherfore by t«a8on, I must be duplified 
And nothing stable, in my bye warke 
As wiiteth many, a rygbt noble clarke 

Thetfore by reaiion, I must be mutable 
And tume my whele, ryght oft vp bo downe 
IjOwuryng in BOrkcs, whiche are vnhtable 
On bonie to Inujihe, and on some I must frowno 
Thus all about, in eucry reeime and towne 

Sfune to descendc, and on some to arise. 

Wherfore my pwa, dotbe ri^rt well eicdl 
Above the Mars, in thine house enclosed 
For to rule man, thou hast power neuer addl 
Saue after the, somewhat he is diapoaed 
Thy conslelation, bath him so apposed 
Who vnder the, takelh his natiuitie 
Yet God hath geuen him, power to rule the 

Wherfore I am, of a tkire bi^m power 
Then thou aita, for there is no defence 
Agaynat my will, at any time or boura 
And in my name, there ia a diHfarenca 
For in thoe wordca, in my magcufieenca 
Predeatinate, and also desteny 
As I shall ihewe, anone more fimMblT 

Predestinate, dothe right well lagnifie 
A thing to come, whiche is prepared 
None but God doth knowe it i^ienly 
Tyll that the dedi;, cause it to be declared 
For many a one, when they well fared 
Full little thought, that tribulation 
To tbem waa (Mdeyiied, by predesdualion 

The desteny, is a thing aeddent 

And by the worke, dothe take the e£taet 

lyil it be done, it is ay precedent 

No man &om it, can him selfe abiect 

Thus euery cbaunce, dothe Fortune direct 

Wherfore by reason, Ia graimde Amoure 

Must sue mto nk^ to do him soconre 

Aha quod Mara, aucbe a one aa thou 
I neuer knewe before this season. 
For thou thy selfe, doest so 

But what fur all, thy 
Arte thou nowe any thing 
SpiiiCuall, or els yet 

Howe can a worke, perGtely be grounded 
But in these two, and thou arte of those 
Wherfore for nought, tbou maien be confounded 
For nought in su^taunce, can nothing transpoae 
(M* none effect, thou canrt thy selfe disclose 
Howe bast thou power, in any maoer of case 
In heauen or earth, without a dwellyng place 

But that poetca, bath made a tgure 
Of thee, fin thy great sigfufication 
The diaunce Ot man, so for to discure 
Accordyng to a moralization, 
And of the tnnithe, to make iclatioD 
Ttw man is fortune, in bis proper dede 
And not thou, that cauaeth him to qnde 

What neadeth him, vnto him selfi 
Sitheiu thou art, the dedes of his 
Tbou lo rule man, it is a thing w 
Nowe wherupon, dothe hang thia 
But accedent, vpon the gouernau 
Of the bye bodyes, whiche dothe 
Tba dede to do, as him lyit ptupi 


lyil that I mMO, a ladj wtcelkot 
ClonJj anuad, Tpon whom I guad 
And bo- mziaem, tuU priuel; 1 blued 
The ibelde of gohh, ■■ I well TDdenUude 
Widi ft Ijran of ■■ur^ thmughe pignntle 

To DM (he cams, with lowid} counMwunoe 

Iiiljii^ me fortbe, with ioje and plcaaaunca 
Into >n hall, of mamejloiu bahioa 
Ri^nt strong J fortified^ of olde foundation 
The piUen of ;uoi7> ganiubed with gdd 
With peartea let, and brodrcd many a folds 

TIm Sore was paucd, with ttoaea preadoiu 

And the rouic, was bisuncbed cuiioiuly 

Of the boUen gokle, botlw gaj and ^orioui 

Kiwtted with poounaunden right twctelj 

Eatencyng out, the yll odonn nuttj 

Aod on tbe walles rigbt well did mppean 

IIk b^e of Thebes, depaynlcd &jre and dears 

ThBe were kjif ^tei, pU;Dg at the cheat. 
Wluelv iBwe litiiierue, leade me in the ball 
'n*; Idke their plaje, and all their biuinea 
And wdcamed me, right gently withall 
With or Nurture, then moat in qiedall 
*"— "I— «!— < of hi* brother Curtesy 
Tbej made me chere then, full efiectuallye. 

And after that, the; brou^t me tp a itajre 
Into a chamber, gaylj glorified 
And at the dcre, tbov itode a knight right frjco 
Tdippcd Trouthe, right cleanly purified 
Hb CDmMenauDce waa> rjght well loodiSed 
To me he layed, that betom mjne entraae 
Him lor to loue, I ibould him pramiie 

Of rygfat he aayed, 1 haue in cuatodye 
Tina r*t*"t***T* dori^ of kyng Meliiyua 
llat no man enter, into it wrongfully 
WidKnt me Trouthe, for to be chiualroui 
Hete knyghtea be made^ to be ticCorioua 
1 ihall yon pnanis^ quod I fayethfuUy 
Ton fiw to loue, and Kiiie penJurably 

Abide qnod he, I will ipeake with tbe kyng 

Tell me your name, and habitatioti 

And the chefa cauoe, nowe of your comyng 

Thai I to him, may make relatioa 

To kunre his minde, without variation 

Lagiaunde Amoure, my nj 

Bm caoae of my commyng, 

U btbicauae that I haue eDtarprioed 
Nowa for (he nke, of byre La bell Pu«ell 
To paaaa tbe paasage, whicbe I her pramiaed 
That la so daungvoua, with Bopentes cruell 
And for at inucht^ ai I knowe neuer a deale 
Tbe fieatea of armea, to atlayne hanoure 
I am come to leame, wiA diligeol laboura 

Thto Ibitbe he wmt^ Tata the maieatia 
Uf kjag MeUiyiw, the myghty conquerotua 
Sinyng O power, lo hye in dignitia 

Of imtyng truel j, tbe originall floure 
One Giaul Amonre, woiilde be acceptable 
Ib jma bya couit«^ for to be tsndable 

With all my haMe, I will quod ha aceapte 
Him to my aeniice, for lie u lyght woithy 
YcT Tnto doctrine, the hye waye he kept 
And H) from tbence^ to the tower of Chiualry 
He ahall attayof^ great actes woodenly 
Go on your way, and bcyng jiim faat to me 
For I thinke loiu;, hfan to bebolde and ea 

And thai tbe good kny^ Trouthe, it 
Into the dtanriNT w pure, acoe me ledoe 
Wbcre sale the kyng^ so muche beniuolent 
In puipla clothed, sat full of lubyea redda 
And all the flooia, on whiche we did iiaailii 
Waa criatall clera, and the roufe at nyght 
With cacUmdei, did geue a maruayloua lygfat . 

The wallea were banged, with dotba of u'laua 
Brodrad with pcarlta, and rubies rabieiHida 
Mixta with emenudea, lo full of Teitue 
And bradred about, with many a dyamoade 
An beany hait, it will make iocaini^ 
For to beholds, the inarneylous richca 
The hjrdship, wealth, and the great wmthinea 

Tbm sate Meliayus, in his hye eatate 
And ouer bis heaile, was a payre of balaance 
With his cniwne, and scepter, after tbe true rate 
Of another worldly king, for to haue gau«na(ice 
In his hande a ball, of ri^t gieat circumataunca 
Before whom then, 1 did knele adowne 
Saiyng O emparoure, moat hye of rcDowna 

I the besecbe, of thync habonndaunt grace 
Me to accept in tUs courte, the for to aerue 
So to continue, by long tiniB and apace 
Of chiualry, that I may nowe deame 
Tbe order lyght, and well it to obaerue 
For to attayne, the hye aduauntage 
Of the enterprise of my doubty vyage 

ied, to thii court ryal] 
Mynerue shall anne you, with great diligence 
And teache you the feates, of armea all 
For sbe them knowath, by good expoience 
In the olde time, it waa her science 
And 1 my selfe, shall geue you a worthy ateife 
Called Galantyae, to hetpe you in your nede, 

t humbly thanked, his gnnt highnea 
And so to Minerue^ I aid thtm apply 
Whicbe did me teache, with uker pa4tnes 
For to haunt armea, risht well and nobly 
Sapience me ruled, wdl and prudently 
Tlius among kni^ita^ for to iust and tourney 
Myneme me taught, in sundry wise all day 

It was a loyfull, and a knightly aight 
For to beholde so fayre, and goodly a sorte 
Of good knightea, armed dere and bryght 
That I sawe there, whiche did me well exhort 
Armea to haunt, with couragious comforte 
Mynenie me taught, my strokes and de^oice 
liat in short space, was no re ' ' 

Againit my power, and mighty puisaaunce 
To my wilfVill harte, was nought impoaable 
I bare my selfe, so without draibtaunce 
My halt made, my courage inuindble 
Of whicbe the tioutlic, was sone intdligibie 

VUc^ Tj^iX UKHMt for dwns H jnBoa MDt 
And me *iaa, whb or Trontbc to obe^ 
We tbouglit Hall Ode, vbat the mitu» mtat 
But Tnto hjia, we take iiuMie tbe ir^ 
Entiyng the chunber, w> fayre, cleirei aiid p 
The kyng n called, rahi his pataaa 
Stijtig, 1 1*111 Gnumde Amoun ummm 

Truely ratk» knyght, far the d 

That he must haiiDtc^ and leke (diMatKv 

For La bell Fucell, as true lone rai]iiiretb 

And flnt of all, begpu Co me diacure 

Tbe high order, bowe I ihould take in curs 

And then anoae, be bi 

Whu knigbthode wai, 

Knighthode he uy^, 
Tbe cotnmen weahhe. 
That by the wmng, it be i 
So euerj knigfat, niuat tmi 
For the commen wealthe, 
Agaynst all aucbc n 
Hum to Bubdue, wilb power 

loC, in tlK featea of mm 
Ai ferta fight, in quairell rjght or wiong 
But in a csua^ wbiche trouthe can not dcfarre 
He ought himadfe, for to make aure aod strong 
Justice to kepe, mjnt with mercy among 
And no quarell, a luiyght ought Co take 
But for a troutbc^ or for ' 

For fint good hc^ie, his l^ge hameyea ahoulde be 

Hit babergioB, of perfect rygh(eou«iei 

Gyrde &sC, wyth the girdle of chaatitie 

His ricbe pUcacde, •taouldc be good businn 

Brodred oitb almei, so fViU of larges 

Tbe helmet mekenea, and tbe abelde good byalb 

Hia swenla God's worda, at. S. Paule aayeth. 

Also true wydowea, be ougtat to reatare 
Unto thdr rjgbt, for to attayne tbdr dower 
And to Tpbolde, and maynt^rne euermHV 
Tbe wealth of maydena, w' lui m^bty power 
And to hii ■ouerayna^ at euery maner bower 
To be nadyr true, and At obeyaaiurt 
In liable loue fyit», and not vaiiaunt 

Thua after tbfa noble, and ■olenine doctrine 
He made me kny^t, and gaue me in charge 
Unto tbeae poyiUea, i^ht lowe to encline 
And to atae well, the ftayle tumblyng barge 
Ouer Tayne glory, when I aayle at large 
When the winda ii right, the barge can not &yle 
Unto hia puipoaa, ao widi bardinei to layle 

I did well regiater, ir 

Euery thing, whiebe he hath to me tolda 

And right anone, in good reaemblaunce 

The kyng I thanked, with courage rygbt bold 

Of hia great giftca, and grace many a fotde 

Which Tnto me, ryght openly be abewed 

With golden drc^pea, ao lib«lly endued 

Accompanied of Tnitilh, aiy taytbAill nuu 
Ua i<ir to aolacc^ Am lacked r^gbt nought 
That any man, cm prynte in hia Utougbt 
The knyghtc* all, ntto tbdr armea went 
To biyog me forwarde, with a true anient 

And Mineme armed me, aa ihe coiiMe detiiao 
And brought vato me, my feyre batbed ateda 
On whom I maonted, in all goodly guiie 
With abelde and apeare, aa nothing to dreads 
In ry^l to ight, for to attayne my made 
So with me wont, bothe my greyboundca twayne 
And good Attendaunce, my t^*« cettayne. 

The good kaigfat TVotith, brougfat ma on Biy waj 

Accompanied then, with air Pidelitie 

With haute courage, betrapped byre and gay 

With ahinyng tnq^pem, of curioaitie 

And then also, there rode fortbe with ma 

The sturdy knight, well named Fortitude 

With tba noble releranc, air Cunauelwle. 

And eke sir lustice, and sir Knaeticorde 

Sir Sapience, with good air Curteaye 

With famous Nurture, and then ayr Concetd 

Accompanied me, full ryght gently 

Out of the caatell, ridyng royally 

And dame Mlnerue, the chiualreous goddev* 

JMd me atdue then, with harty hardinea 

And when we oame. Into a goodly playne 
Right of them all, I toke my licence 
Me thougbt it time, that they tume agayne 
Unto the kyng, with all their diligence 
I made miiie otbe, with percyng influenca 
Unto them all, for to remayne full true 
In atedftat loue, all treaaon la escbue 

Full loth* they were, fro me to depart 
Euery one of Aem, as ye may mderstande 
WtU> salt tcarea, full wofull waa ny hart 
When aU on niwe, they toke me by tbe bande 

And good dame Mynerue, Tnto me then na 
Be not adrcdde, of your hye enterprise 
He boldt^ aod hardy, and nothing alVayed 
And Father dye, in any maner of wise 
To attayne honours, ud Che life deapiaa 
Then for to liue, and to remaine in ahame 
For to dye with faonoure, it ia a good name 

Farewell, she aaied, and be of good cbeare 
I must depart, I may no lenger tary 
Ryde on your way, (he wether ia full deere 
Seke your aduenture, and loke ye not raiy 
From your hye onler, by any contrary 
And tberwiclull, fbrthe on bar way she rode 
Right so did I, whiche no lenger abode 

With bothe my greyhoundea and my Terlet 
'niroughe the playne, and into wildemea 
And ao aloft, among tbe Miles greet 
Tyll it waa nygbl, bo tbicke of darkcitea 
That of constraint, of very weiinea . 

We lighted adowne, <rnder an byllndkOlC 
Unto the day, to rest ts (bcn that lide.O , 


And to hii l^gai be bij Mwilr eabfaead 
TogM«biiut,irtfl«o««b»yii hthiia 
And then aba, hb bone in like itcde 
With bathe 9m gi ^ bma dw Ky^ n »■« by 
And ilouth om heada^ bad c^i^ ta l uih g ntly 

TbMalltbe r1|^ w* dip* in good nK 

nU ^pijiiat d^, bcj^ra la nejr* md crja 

Hf stale Galattb 

And dee began, tf 


And ry^t 1 . . , 

BdM>ldyng abotn, tlia l^n crrMaU tkjm 

Of PhdHi* najTB^ «■ tb orient 

Aad Aumrs, bo- golden bemea ipredd* 

About tbe wflm, «tMMlr nrfkdgoM 

Am n tatiht m rada, till «ra itnn ibiia 
To n oome riding on ■ little nagge 
A fbljabe dwarfe, nott^ng for the watn 
Witba bod^ a bdl, a feitajrU, and ■ baggo 
In a pjad copte, ba rod* brygge a bragge 
And wbm that be, mto vi drewe nye 
I bdidd bia body, md bia via*nam<r(^ 



Hii bfjes btyvlled, truel)' like a lowea 
lb cbekee heoie, and Cod woKe he loked 
Fall lifcc an ape, hse and there be toted 
With a pj>ad bavda, and bugrng lypptt gwM 
And enoj totha, aa Uat^e aa an; gMe 

His neda abwt, hi« thoutdCTS Btode awry 
Hii breast btle, and bolne in the waste 
Hit arm^ givat, iritb Angen crokedly 
Hii tcggea keved, be rode h> me fkM 
Poll likes paCnm, to be ihaped in baste 
Good encn he aned, and haue good day 
If that it Hke you, ftir to Hde merely airay. 

Welcoaw, I sayed, I pray the now* tell 
Me what tbou ait, and where thou dost dwell 
Sotheych quod he, wfaeo I cbam in Koite 
At hnne 1 cliain, though I be bether sent 

For then wM cne, called Peter Pndetart 
Tbtf in all bii Hfe, spake tio vorde in waste 
He wealed a wife, that wai called Maude 
I trowa quod I, she wb a gotglou* baude 
Tbou Ijest, quod he, she wia gentle and good 
She g»te bcT hiubande, many a fiirtla bode 

And at hi* mada*, without any' miiae 
She woulda him seme in clenly wise iwys 
God loDC bar stnile, la dM lotmd clenU>e* 
And fccpe bv disbeK A«*i aU fouUBta 

And tter bad l>Be^ Byni Sadie G^idw 

That &r a wife, in all the worlde did waoda 

Tyll at tb* laM, ia tba wyntMa nygU 

Of Tbamys ha i^lad, mA aiuad a ryghM 

AnMmg tba aiiMi , ef the ^cna coaia 

" --■-■ - ■ of hii praty boate 



He thoogfat ber itabl*, and fintUnU, Md ti 

Rer naoM «M Balna, thai so doilf a wM 
That DO filtfaa by bar, in nxj wiM ibouU fm 
For in ber life, that pay mat oetdde nya 

Whicbe was my fatber, tbat in Kant did waai 

Hii DKDM wai Dauy Dronken Nde 

He neuer dianke, but in a fayre black boU 

He tdkt a wife, that wai Toy fayie 

XoWB are they daade all, 10 nuta I wall IhiT^ 

Eicept my lelf Godfrey Gobilyua 

Whicbe ride about, a wife ma to aeke 

But I can finde none, that ii good and make 

For all are ihnwaa, in tbe worlda aboot 

I CDulde neuar met^ with nana other ronta 

For aotne deuib will, their hiuhandee baata 
And tlioae that can not, they will neuat let 
Tbdr tongaa cease, but geua thre wordee for ana 
Fie on tbem all, 1 will of than Ivue none 
Who louetb any, for to make him ladda 
f wene diat be bacoDU^ wona then madda 

Tbey an not ttedCut, Dothinyng in tlidr niioda 
But alway tuntyn^^ like a blaat of winds 
For let a man loua tbem, uauar lo well 

Unto ber sue, lo bana release of payne 

And at tbe last, sbe on him do rue 
If by fortooei there come another neve 
Tbe flnt ftbal ba dene, out of her fauore 
Record of Creaide, and of Trt^lus tbe dolouia 
They are 10 subtila, and u &laa oti^tdt 
There can do hMd wade, bcyonda tbeir mind* 

Was not Aristotle, for all hii cleargy 
For a woman wrapt, in loue so manieylouily 
That all hi* cunnyng, he bad lODe forgottan 
This vnhappy loue, bad bii minde so broken 
That euermore, the lalt tearet downe bqrlad 
When the ehaunce of loua, he him salA bawayled 

AfWde be was, of the tnw loua to break* 
For niyng nay*) «b«i be Ihenrf' sboulda nnaia 
Till of conetnun^ of wofiill beauinee 
For to baua remedy, of his eore sidcene* 

Whose gaodl]r b«uitle, hub m; harto ctmcbed 
With fement tout, mid fiery l«n« enUcbed 
Wheifore tike pitye, of the pajudull •orowe 
Of me jour NniBunt, baths euen (nd morowe 

She itode right ttjU, *nd beard vhat h« luad 
Alai quod sbe, be j'e no more diinuTvd 
For I am nmtent^ to fiilflll your wyll 

For I my selfe, haue thougbt many a day 
To you to ipeake, but for feon of a nay 
I durst neuer of the matter meue 
Unto your person, leit it ihoulde you greue 
Nay nay quod he, with all my whole entente 
I shaU obey, to your commauDdemeDt 

Well then quod she, I shall you nowe tell 
Howe the case ■tandeth, tnialy every dele 
For you koowe well, that Eomc womeo do long 
Afto- nyce thingei, be it ryght or wrong 
Bight so must I, rpoa your backe nowe cyde 
In your moutbe also, a brydle you to guide 

And M a btydl^ abe put in hii mouthe 

Upon Ma backe dx rode, botlie noRhe and southe 

About a chait^ieT, aa some ciarkes wene 

Of many persons it was openly sene 

Lo, what ia loue, that am so sore blynde 

A philosopher, to bryng him out of kynde 

For loue dotbe paaae any maner of thing 
It is harde, and priuT in wortiyng 
So en the grounde Aristotle ciept 
And in bis teeth, she long the bridle kept 
Till she therof, had inoughe her fyli 
And yet fbr thia, he neuer had hie wyll 

She did uotbliig, but for to mocke and some 
Thia tnie louer, which was fbr loue forlonie 
But when he knewe, Ibe poynt of the caae 
Tbe fieiy anger, did his hart enbraee, 
That be him aelfe, did anone well knowe 
His anger did, hii loue so ouathrowe 

And iJgbt anoDts m some poetea write 

He that great mockage, did her well aequJie. 

Did not a woman, the &mons Virgyle 

By her great fiaude, fiiU craftely b^ile, 

For on • dayi^ for fak owne di^ort 

To the courts of Roate, he gan to resorte 

Among the ladyes, the time for to pane 

Till at the iMt, like Fbebus in the gUae 

80 did a lady, with her beauty clean 

Shine throughe his bait, with sucfae loue so dcare 

Then of great force, he m>ut nedea obey 

8fae of Ma minde, bare bathe the lodie and key 

So was his hart, set Tpon a Ore 
With feruent loue, to attayne his desire 
She had him caught, in niche a wily snare 
Qreat was hia payne, and muche more his care 
To ^rnde a time, when it shoulde be meued 
To her of loue, aiid be nothing repreued 

And at the last, be had AHinde a tline 

He thought to apeakg, and mlo hfan no cryme 

Mercy lady, nowe in all bumble wise 

To her he saied, IV>r if ye me deqiise 

So hath your beauty, my tnw bart anyed 
It is no maruaile^ thoughe 1 be airayfid 
To you to speake, if that you denye 
My puipoi^ tru^y I am marde nteriy 
80 do I loue you, with all my hart enlere 
With iowarde caie, I bye your beauty dere 

I must alnde, with all my whole entente 
Of life or death, your onely iudgement 
With fayned earei, of pertite audience 

But I wotte not howe, that it ihouldc be 
Without tumyng vs, to great diihoneatie 
If it be knowen, then bathe you and I 
Shalbe reheyted at, full shamefully 
But what for that, I haue me be thought 
A prety craft, by me ibalbe wnnight. 

Ye koowe my chamber, ioyneth lo a wall 
Being ry^ hye, and a windows withall 
Soue at nygbt, when all folke be at rest 
I shall take a basket, aa me thinketh best 
And therto 1 shall, a longe coarde well tye 
And from the windowe, let it downe priuety 

Bight so when it is, adowiM on tbe giound 
Ye may well enter, in it botbe hole and soande 
And my two maydena, tbe whidie sacrele be 
Shall anoDe helpe, to hale yoji Tp with me 

At a. xL of tbecIoeke,in the nygbt so duke 
They did qtpaint, for to fulfill this wailM 
He often thanked, her great gentilnea 
And so depajtcd, with great gladnes 
And so he went, vnto lui studye 
Paasyng the time, him selfe full merely 

Tyll that the clocke, did strike aleuen, 
liea to the wall, he went full euim 
And founde the basket, at the grounde already 
And entrcd into it, full aadaynlye 
^^$SP'S *'>■' ">P^ whiche the lady e^ied 
Whi^ to the windowe, right anone her hied 

That was Sue fadom, and more from the ground 
When him selfe In suche a case he founde 
Alas he saied, myne owne lady saue 
Mine honestie, and what ye list to haue 

Ye shall haue it, at your owne denre 
Nowe winde me rp, my hart is on Sre 
Thon shalt quod nlie, in thai place abide 
That all the citye, so lygbt long and wide 
May the bdiolde, and the matter knowe, 
Fot mine honesty, and thy shame I trowe 

So there he hong, lyll noone of the day^ I C 
Thtt euery penm, which went by the iray . 


ICgfat Um wdl *a, md >ba bduilde 
And mto tliem the rtrj ome abc tolde 
Ln bowe with tbtatc, tbe ber loue rewardad 
^ payne and lorowe, ibe nothiiig r^uded 

Tlui at the l«t, he adotnie «■■ bnHight 
RcpleM witti thame, it *■; led bim right umght 
Tfans with gnat anger, he hi* loue confiHindad 

ThDS all the dtye, vp^"* 1*^ *^<' wonder 
Pa- perfite ■onme, ber hart wai nere a nil 
AbI thm Vy^e, with craft; subtUoH 
Hewarded her Ealabode aod doublenea 
AH thia I tdl, thongbe thai 1 be a (ale 
To tbe yoog knyght, for thou maiit go to 

Brrae of th^ fa' thou canst not decenw 
Tfaj ladiea mjnd, though that abe apeake the iaire 
Htf hart ia fUiie, she will no trouth repajre 
Nay quod I, the; are not all diaposed 
So for to do, aa je hauebere diaclaaed 

AIM quod he, I trowe well ^ be 

A true louer, aa mote I thnue ai>d the 

Let not thj lad'fe of thy hart be nrtber 

Wb^ tboo art gone, abe will aone haue an c«her 

Tbui fiirth we rode, till we Mwe a bire 

A lojall tow«r, a» bryght aa an; itarro 

To whiehe we rode, aa ft« as we m;ght 

When we came Ihere, adowne my stede I lyght 

So £d this Godfre; Gobillue abo. 

Into tbe temple, after me gan go 

Tbav aale dame Venua, and Cupide her lonne 

IFfaiche b^ thdr parliament, right new); begone 

To ledrcaae touen, of their pa3>ne and wo 
Whiciic in the mnplc, did walke to tod fro 
And easy one, his l^i did pieaent 
Before Venua, in bertiigfae parliament 
The temple of ber royallconBitOT;, 
W«i walled all aboot, with juarje 

All of gtdde, like a place aoladaUB 

TU* Godfrey Oobilytie, w 

To Oa godAoae VeniH, with bnuiatioa 

lady Venua, at loue the goddesu 
Redmae fn; paine, of mortall beauinea 

1 did once woe, an olde ina;dai lyehe 
A (bule thefe, an olde wydred wii^ 

Fayre mayed I <a;ed, will ye me haue 

Na; air ao God me kepe and nne 

For ;ou are euill fauoured, and alM> Tgl; 

I am the wone, to oe yonr vifinam; 

Yet was she fouler, man; an hundred folde 

Than I m; aelfe, aa ;e may well bebolde 

And tberwjihall, be caused to depi^nte 
Hia Cue and hen, all voder hi* complainte 
And to Venus, lie made deliueraunce 
Of his complaynt, b; a ahorte circumstauoce, 
Wbidie right anone, when ahe had it aenc 
Began to laugbe, with all the couite I wene 

Thus Godfte; Golnlyue, did make nidi a sport 
That many louers, to him did reaorte 
When I aawe tune, I went to Sapience 
Sbewyng to her, with all m; diligence 
Howe that my hart, by Venua waa Irapt 
Witb a auaie of loue, ao priuel; bewiapt 

And in her tower, to haue a dwellyng place 

I a^e aduentures, to attaine her grace 

Her name quod I, La bell FacelT ia 

Botbe east and weit, she is well knowen ywb 

And my name, La giaunde Amoure is cdled 

Whose hart with payne, ahe all about bath wdled 

With her beauli^ which dame Natore creaH 
Aboue all other, in most high estate 
Well saied Sapience, I thinke in my ininde 
Her loue and Guiore, you iball attairne by ki ' 

And I will drawi^ to you it 

All your complaynt, as is n 

Unto dame Venus, to see directly 
For your payne and sorowe, aone a n 
8be drewe my piteoua lament a tion, 
Accordyng to this supplication. 

O Venua lady, and eicellent goddeaae 
O cslestiall itarrB, hauyng the aouerayntie 
Aboue all other starreft, as lad; and princes 
Aa is accmdynge, vnto your deitya 
Pleaseth it nowe, your great bcnignitie 
Unto my complaint, for to geue audience 
Whiehe bume in loue, with pearcyng Tyolence 

For so it b^ipened, that tbe lady EWe 
Did with me mete, and gan to eiprease 
Of a tairc lady, whicbe had vnto name 
La beli Pucell, come of bye nobleaae, 
Whose beauty cleare, and conwly goodlinea% 


BbB Mdde me, othm Ujn IwMwtloQ 

And of the wmyei, therto full daungeraaa 

Her swete report, gaue me eihonalioD 

Unto my hart, for to be aour^uuu 

To paste the pusage, harde uid troublous 

And to bryng me out, of greU eoiconibnuiice 

&e me ddiuered, bothe Grace and Gouemaunce 

et of Scyeoix 

So fbithe we weote, tn tl 

For to attayae, in euerf 

And first DocCrioe, b; g 

Unto dame Giamer, did ■« mo to ecnou 

Of mirtj ignoraunce, to .oppresse the dole 

Aod H> I aaceoded, vnto dame Logyke 

And after her, vnto liuty Ketfaorike 

T}rll at the lut, at a feast Bolemply 

To a temple I went, dame Miuyke to haare 

Play on her orgam, witb awete ormony 

But then on loft, I aawe to me qipesre 

The flower of comfort^ the itarre of lertoe deara 

WhoM h«Buty bright, into my ban did pane 

Like ae &iyre Fhebiu, dothe sbyne in the glana 

So was my hart, by the stroke of loue 

With aorowe pent, and with mortal] payna 

That Tnneth I myght, bm the place zemoue 

'Where as I M«ide, I waa to take cartayne 

Yet vp I loked, to n bar agayne 

And at aduenture, with a aotj mode 

Up then I went, where as her poson rtoda 

And Grit of all, my bat* gan to leame 
Right well to mgiiuT, in remembiaunce 
Howe that her beauty, I might then decenu 
From toppe to tooe, laidued with pteaiaunce 
Whicbe I shall shewe withouten lariaunce. 
Her ehinum heere, so properly she rlrrainn 
Aloft her forbeade, with byre goiden treKes 

Her forbeade stepe, with fayre browea ybent 

Her eyen gray, ber nose straigbt and ftyre 

In her white cbdies, the fairs bloude it went 

As among the wite, the redde to repayre 

Her mouthe ri^it small, her breathe swete of ayre 

Her lippes soft, and ruddy as a rose 

No hut on liue, but it woulde him sfipose. 

With a little pitte, in her wd] &uoured cbynne 

Her necke long, as white as any lillye 

With Taynes blewe, in wliich tbe bloude ranne in 

Her pappes tDuDde, and therto right pretye 

Her atme* slender, and of goodly bodye 

Her fingers small, and thaito ri^i long 

White as the milke, witb blewe vaynes among. 

Her fete proper, she gaitred well her hose 
I neuer sawe so &yre a creatim: 
Nothing she lacketh, as I do suppose 
That is loDgyng, to faire dame Nature, 
Yet more ouv, her countenaunce so pure 
So swete, so louely, woulde any hart enspire 
With feruent loue, to attayue hia desire. 

But what for ber maners paaaeth all 
Sbe is bothe gentle, good, and veituous 
Alas what ftmme, ^ me to her eall 
Without that she be to m« pitilMl, 
With ber ao lettied, in paytws dolonnii 
Alas shall pide, be from ber exiled 
^nrfcbe all rerttMa, bath *« mda6M 

Thus in my m 

Her goodly nnMSWanwimM. and fidre IVgun 

It was DO wonder, that I was aiiiatiiil 

My hart and m 

Nothing of loue, I di 

Yet foihicause, I wu in hi . 

I tdw acquayntaiuuM^ oflier eiaelleaoa 

My hart waa drenched, in great sorowe depe 
Though outwardly, my counltnaunce waa li^il 
The inwarde wo, into my hart did crepe 
To hide my p«yiie, it was great force and might 
Thus ber swete b^uty, with a sodaine sight 
My bait hath wounded, whiche must nedea obey 
Unto suche a sorowe, nowe alas well away. 

For she ia gone, and departed right Cure 
In her counCrey, where she dothe alrid 
She is nowe gon^ the fayre sbinyng starre 

lady Venus, I pray the prouide 
That I may after, at the morovc tide 
And by the waye, with hart right rigorious 
To subdue mine enemies, to me contraiioua. 

And yet thy grace, most humbly I praye 
To sende thy sonne, little Cupide before 
With louyng letten, aa fast m Oou maye 
That aha maye knowe, aomewbat of paynai ave 
Whicbe for her sake, I suffbr eueimore 
Nowe lady Venus, with my whole antent 
Of life or daathe, I ^ide thy judgmMM 

Well then saied Venus I haue peracueimunce 
That you knowe aoraewhat, of migiity power 
Wbiche to my courte, sue for acquaintaunca 
To haue ralease, of your great paiost sowar 
Abide a while, ye mu« tary the boura 
Tlie time runnath, lowarde right ^at 
Joye Cometh after, whan the sorowe i* paat 
Alas I saied, who is fattred in chayoea 
He thinketh long, after deliuoaunce 
Of bis great wo, and clce morlall paynea 
Fw who aliidalh painefull penaunce 
Thinketh a sfaorte while, a longe continuaunce. 
Who may not qieake, with her he loueth but 
It is no wondo-, thoughe be take no rest 

Abide quod she, you must a while yet taiy 
Thoughe to haue comfort, ye right long do tbinke 

1 shall pniuide for you a lectuaiy, 

Whiche after sorowe, into your hart shall synke 
Though you be brought now, rnto death's brinks 
Yet dreade eiile, and liue in hope and trust 
it the last, you shall attayne your lust 

And fpecidly, I geue to you a efaaige 
To Axe your loue, for to be true aod sHble 
Upon your lady, and not to flee at large 
As in sundry wise, far to be lariaUe 
In corrupt thou^ilea, tile, and eulptU* 
Prepence nothing, vuto her dishonestie 
For loue dishonest, hath do ealsntie 

And dthen that I, was caiue yeu begone 
FTnt ftv to loue, I Aal a )«Mcr make 
Unto your lady, and sende it by my soaiw 
Little Cupide, tfaM shAll it to her take 
lliat she your sorowe, may detraye or slake 
Her hardcd han, it shall w^l rewAue 
With piteou* wwmlM, IbttdiaU (t dw>liu. 


Lo what ber &uouj¥, vnto me uiayletfa 
When for my lake, ibe did u well Midita 
Am J ihall HbewQ) in ■ ibort respite 
Tbt gentle fomie, uxi tenoure of hec lettn 
To ipede my cauw, for to attajse the battv 

BiOHT gentle hut, of grene flowiyng ige 
The staare of beautie, aod oT flunoua port 
Comider well, that your liuly counge 
Age of hb coun, must at the lait tnnipone 
Nowe tnnithe of right, dotbe our aelfe atboite 
That you your youthe, in ydlenes will spende 
Whhoulen pleasure, to btiog it lo an cnde 

WbM wa« the cause, of your cnadon 

Sot man to loue, the worlde to multiplye 

Ai lo wwe the Bed ' 

With fenient loue, 

Ihe cauae of Ioih, engendreth perfitely 

tjpon an entent, of dame Natute 

Wlicbe you badi mad^ to byre a creUun 

Thm at dame Nature, what ii the mtent 

But to accomplishe, her faire aede to lowe 

In BChe a place, as is conuenieot 

To Goddes pleasure, for to Encreaw and growe 

The kinde erf' her, ye may not ouertbrowe 

Saye what ye list, ye can nothing deuye 

But oibBwhiie ye thinke, full piiuely 

What the man is, and what he can do 
Of chamber woikc, as nature will agt«e 
Ttnoghe by eiperiencf^ ye knowe nothing therto 
Yh oft ye muae, and thioke what it may be 
NiAure pr^HioheCh, of her ationg degre 
Tou M to, aa halh bene her olde guba 
Why will jda then, the bve loue d w|ii « e . 

In our onatte, there ie • bill presented 

By Graunde Aiuoure, whose hart in duresse 

Yob last haiie fettled, not to be sbMxHad 

From your peiaon, with mortall heauinea 

Hk iHTt and seruice, with all gendlMS 

He to y€iu owetb, as to be obedienE 

Per to fiilfill, your swcte commaundement: 

What you anayleth, your beauty so ttire 

You lusty youthe, and gentle eounlenannce 

Witboot that you, in your minde will repayre 

It liir to spende, in ioye and pleasaunce 

To fohiwe the trace, of dame Nature's daunce 

And thus in doyng, you shall your seruauiit heale 

Of his disease, and hurt you neuer a deale. 


it is, to Toyde you of the chaunce 
n kme him best, that you haue so aiayed 
h fiery chaynes, lettred in penaunce 
he is ready, irithout doubtaunce 
nety thing, for lo fHilfiU your will 
I B ye lilt, ye may him wue or spill 

Woulde you not then, tUnkc it a long space 
In his swete hart, to haue a dwallyng placB 
Then in yoatT miada, ye bm^ muoIuc (feat be 
Moale long dothe (hiaka, that ioylUU day lo i^ 

Is not be yong, bothe wise and lusty« 
And eke descended, of the gentle line 
What wiU you nuva, haue of bim Irualy 
Then you to sarua, as true Loue will «ncliiw 
But aa 1 tliiiika, you do nowe ■' 
To fyic yourmynde, fat woridly ti. ... 
Though ID your f outhe, ye lesa your pleasure 

Alas remember, first your baau ly a 

Your youthe, your courage, and your lender hart 

What payne here after, it may to you be 

When you UcLe thu, whiche is tfue hNwis deacfl , 

I (ell you this, your selfe to conueste 

For lilUe knowe ye, of this payne iwys 

To liue with liim, in whom no plaaiuie ia. 

Where that is loue, tboe can be a 

Fye on that loue, for the lande oi 

For il muBt uadas, right 

When that yeudi bath, i . _ 

Id the party, with luUuia'a 

Then will you, for the sii 

Unto your youlb^ do sueba a praudice 

Thus n^ten Nature, bath you well endued 
With so mucfae beau^, and dame Grace also 
Your Tertuous maners, bath so much reuuad 
Eiile disdayne, and let ber fyom you go 
And als« •traungenes, tiMo loue the be 
And let no couetiae, your true faart subdue 
But thai in ioye, ye may your youthe ensue 

For I of loue the goddesse, dame Venus 

Right well do knowe, that in the worlde is none 

That rato you, ihelba more loyous 

Then giBUtide Amoare, that louelh you alane 

Sythe he so did, it is many dayea agone 

Who euer sawe, a bire yeitg faart so harda 

Wtatcha for hv aake, would se ber true kme mude 

And so shall he, without ye take good bede 

If he so be, ye be cause of the same 

For loue with death, will ye lewarde his mede 

And if ye do, ye be to muche to blame 

To loue Tnloued, ye knowe it is no game 

Wherfore me Ihinke, ye can do no lease 

But with your lone, his peynet to redresse. 

If ye do not, this may be his aimge 

Wo wortbe the dme, that euer he you nietta 

Wo wortbe your haite, so doyng him wronge 
Wo wortbe the houre, that his true hart was set 
Wo wortbe disdayne, that woulde his purpose let 
Wo wortbe the flower, that can do no boots 
Wo wortbe you, that pant him at the roote 

Wo wortbe my loue, the cause of ray aoiowa 
Wo woithe my lady, that will ool it release 
Wo wortbe fortune, bothe euen and morowe 
Wo wortbe trouble, that shall haue no peace 
Wo wortbe cruelty, that may neuer cease 
Wo worthe youthe, that will no pitie haue 
Wo worthe liar, that will not ber loue smm. 


Wo worthe tbo trust, without w 

Wo woraie loue, rewarded with hate 

Wo woKbe loue, replete with TaruuDce 

Wo wonhe loue, without a friendly mate 

Wo worthe the ban, with loue at debate 

Wo worthe the beautj, whicbe toke me in imartf 

Wo worthe her; that will not Ce*w tny care 

Wo worthe her manen, and her goodllnes 

Wo WDtthe her ejet, H cleare and amiable 

Wo worthe auche cause, of my great nckenea 

Wo worthe pitie, on her not tendablc 

Wo wortbe her minde, in disdaina, ao itabla 

Wo wortbe her, that hath me fbttred fiut 

And wo wwthe loue, that I do spende in waste. 

Wheiefore of tigbt, I pray you to nmsnher 
All that I write, Tnto you right nowe 
Howe your true loue, is of age but tender. 
Hia bumble seruice, we pray you alowe 
Aitd he hiin adfe, ahall euennore enprowc 
You for to please, and geue the toueiaintie 
Hoare can jrou bau^ a more true loue than he. 

And fare ye well, there is no more tO VKfe 
Under our ngnet, in our courte tuyail 
Of Septemtwr, the. xxii. daye 
She closed the letter, and to her did call 
Cupide her sonnc, flo dear jd speciall 
Couunaundyng iiim, aa &st as he might 
To Id bell Pucetl, for to take Ua fl^ht 

So did Cuiude, with the letter flye 

Unto Label! Pucel'i dominatioa 

There that be iped, full well and wondenliT 

As I shall after, make relation 

But to my nutter, with bieuiadon 

A turtle I oflVed, for to magnifye 

Dame Venus bye estate, to glontye. 

I lake my leaue, of her full humbly 
And on my way, a> I was ridyng 
Tins God&ey Gobilyue, came rcnnyng 
With his little nagge, and cried tary, lary 
For I wyll come, and beare you company. 

Ahd fortNotiue, that I was then full ndde 
And by the way, he made me good game 
To haue his company, I was somwhat glad 
I was not proude, I toke of him no shame 
He came to me, and saied ye are to blame 
So to ride lourynff, for a woman's sake 
Unto the deuill, 1 do them all betake. 

They be not itedftst, but chaunge ai the mone 
When one is gone, they loue another sooe 
Who that ia single, and will haue a wife 
Bight out of ioye, be shall be brought in atrife 
Hius when Godflvy, did so merye make 
Tliere did a lady, tb sone ouertake 

And in her hande, ahe bad a knotted wMppe 
At cuery yeriie, ihe made Godlrey to ikipe 
Alas he aaied, that euer I was borne 
Nowe an I take, fin' all my mocke and toonie 

Madame I saled, I pr^ you me tell 
Your propre name, and when that ye dwell 
My name quod ^e, is called Correction 
And the tower of ClHalice, is my maudoii 
This strong thefe, called False Repi»t 
With rilayne courage, and an odiei ami 

And rile perlers. False Coniectura 

All these I had, in prison full sure 

But this False Report, hath broken prison 

With his subtiU cnift, and euilt treason 

And this ioumey, priuely to spede 

He hath dadde him, in this folea wede 

Nowe haue I auniwend you, your queetton 
And I pray you of, a like aolution 
You seme me thinke, for to be a knyght 
I pray you tell me firal^ your name aright 
My name quod I, is La giaunde Amoure 
A well quod she, you are the perfite flours 

Of all true louera, aa I do well knowe 
Tou shall attayne, La bell Pucell I tjuwe 
I kuowe right well, ye are aduenturous 
Onwarde your way, to the lower perillous 
And for as muche, aa the night ia neare 
1 bumbly pny you, for to t^ the cbeare 

Tbtt I may make you, in my tower this night 

It is ben by, you shall of it haue sight] 

And I pray you, to helpe me to bynde' 

This False Reporte, as you sboulde do by kinde 

What Godfiey quod I, will ye chaung your aune 

Nay nay quod he, it was for no shame 

But alaa for wo, that she hath me t^en 
I must obey, it can not be forsaken 
His fete wen fettred, vndemethe bii nagge 
And bounde his handea, behiude to hia bag^ 
TliuB Correction, with her whippe did driue 
Tlie little nagge, wyth Godfrey Gobilyuft 

7111 at the kit, we gan to ^iprodie 
Her royall tower, vpon a craggy rocbe 
Tbt night was come, for it waa right late 
Yet ri^t anone, we came to the gate 
Where we woe let in, by dame Meaaure 
Tbat waa a bire, and a goodly creature. 

And so Correctim, brought me to the hall 
Of gete well wrought, glased with ciixtall 
The Toufe was golde, and amiddei waa set 
A cari>uncle, that was large and great 
Whose verlue cleare, in the ball so bright 
About did cast, a great marucyloua lyght 

So forthe we went, into a cbambn fain 
Where many ladyes, did them seluoa repayre 
And at our commyng, then incontinent 
They welcomed ts, as was conuenient 
But of Coireclion, they wen very glad 
Whidie False Report, againe taken had 

e Itbesyle, and quene Prosei^iyne^ I C 
The lady Hcduae, and young Poliiyna- 


He right moot, fiir to go to my bedds 
Wlnt atdit I dwwe, of my great cbeare ind re 
I wurted uouglit, but had all of cbe heM 
And B I ilept, tjll that Aurora dean 
Htgin to iliinc, amidHfa her golden ^wre 

TbenTp I 

n-e. and mv vaHet *l<n 

Which mKle a» nBdT.'aiid to my 


And dame 

Conection, at thi> mon 


Did me entnate, • while to abide 

Aud right 

To make n 

M dieve, there wanted 

right nought 

And after thk, dame Cotreclioa 
Did leada ma to a maruejlous dongeon 
And fint she ledde me. to the upper warde 
Whoe ShunefiMtun, did n well regarde 
For be waa layiour, and had M bis chaise 
£007 rImJI, not lor logo at large 

I b ti* int warde, there went to and fin 

BmIm men and women, that Diigbl no furder go. 
But yet they hoped, lor to baue releue 

I Of their enpiiaon, whicbe did tbem to greue 
Tboe priaonen. when true loue wa* meued 
Iky woulde driue of, and not teleaae tlie greoed. 

And far this cauae, by equall ludgement 
like aa they did, here baue they puniahment 
And g.— i-f— 111— lower did ts bryng 
Where we nwe men, that were in torraenlyng 
Widi BMuy ladiea, that tfadr mouthet gagged 
And Faiae Beporte, on me hia heade wagged 

nm li^ anme, a lady gan to Kiape 
Hit fiund tonge, that he cried like an ape 
And Tyte Peller, in like wise al» 
Uii (ooge was •craped, that he aufiVcd wo 
And yet we went, into a deper lale 
Wte« I aawe men, that were in great bale 

Id hdlDwe bushes, they did hsnge alofle 
Ibor !■ adf ■ downewarde, for to Ml Tnsoft 
A^ two ladye«, did their bodies bete 
With knotted whippes, in the fleibe to frete 
ThB the desire, it sboulde tone aswage 
Ami iprrirPy, of the rylayoe courage 

Thew tnen, with lugred nionthes so eloquent 
A maydefu bait, coutde right MUie relent. 
And these yoog maydens, for to lake in snaie 
Ibey byne gnat wo, and for ta lufler care 
T^ Gnlydie maydens, did beleue they imartad 
nat to their will, the men, them conuated 

This when that they, had than so begiled 
And with tfaoT baude, these maydens defiled 
T\^ caMdiwn of; tlwy toke no lenger kepe 
Go where ye list, thoughe tbey crye and wepe. 
nettee theee btdyes, wyth their whippes harde 
Thar bddiee beate, that thdr bodies hath marde 

And (Dcry man, as be bath deaemed 

A p^ne there is, wUche is At Um obsenied 

Tina wbca I bad, all the pryion sene 

And of the ladyes, deare In excellence 
I take my lene, with all due reunenca 
And thanked Correction, with my hart entire 
Of my repcae, and of ber louyng cbere 
To me she saied, remember you well 
Of the (wete beauty, of La belL PuceU 

When you ber hart, in fetters haue chayned 
Let her baue yours, in likewise retayned 
Lokfl that your hart, your worde, and 
Agree all in one, withouten Tariaunce 
If she for pitya, do release you your payne 
Consider it, and loue her best againe. 

lie and secrete, and make none aduaunt 
n you of loue, baue a petGle gnunte 
And if ye will come, mto your wyll 
Bothe bete and see, and Uien hold* you Myll 
Dreade you nothing, but take a good barte 
For right sooe, afts you from hence depart 

Right high aduentures, mto you shall fUl 
In time of fyght, Tnio your minde then call 
If you preuayle, you shall attayne the fame 
Of liye honoure, to certiRe the same 
And therwith I light, rpon my stede 
Madame I saied, I praye God do you mede 
Fare well she saied, for you must nowe hence 
Adue quod I, with all my diligence. 

When golden Phebus, in the Capricome 
Can to ascend^ feat Tnto Aquary 
And Janus bifhis the croune had worn 
With his frosty bearde in January, 
When cleare Dyana, ioyned with Mercury 
The crislall eyre, and assured firmament 
Were all depured, without encumbrement. 

Forlhe then I rode, at mine owne oduenture 
Ouer the mountaines, and (he craggy rocke* 
To heholde the countres, I had great pleasure 
Where corall growed, by right bye slockei 
And the Popingayea, in the tree loppes 
Tlien as 1 rode, I sawe tne befome 
Beode a well hang, bothe a sbelde and a boma 

WTien I came there, adowne my stede I light 
And the faire bugle, I right well behelile 
Blasyng the armcs, ai well as I myght 
That was so grauen, rpon the goodly shelde 
First all of siluer, did sppesj tlie feldo 
Wilb a rampyng Lyon, of Rue goldc so pure 
And Tnder the shclde, there was this scripture. 

If any knyght, that is aduenturou* 
Of his great pride, dan- the hugle blowe 
There is a gyaunt, bothe fierce and rigorious 
That with his might, shall him sonc ouerthrow 
This is the waye, as ye shall nowe knows 
To La bell Pucell, but withouten fsile 
The sturdy gyaunt, will geue you bottwle. 

114 HA 

When I the scripture, once or tmie had n*de 

And koewe theivf, all the whole efiect 

I blewe the home, without «ny dtEiule 

And toke good hart, oil (etae to abiect 

IStltjog me ready, for I did suspect 

That the great gyaunt, vnta me woulde histe 

When bt had htaidfl me, blowe ss loude a blast. 

laliteautHW, vpm my gadlle atede 

About the well, then I rode to and Iro 

Aod thonglit right weU, Tpon the ioyfolt nedc 

That I sboulde haue, dter'my payne and wo 

And of my lady, 1 did thinke also 

Tyll at the lart, my Terlec did me tell 

Take beda quod he, here a a fende ofhidl 

My greyboundes leaped, and my alede did Mart 
Hy qiere I toke, and did loke about 
y/ith bardy courage, I did anue my hart 
At laat I aawe, a (tunly gyaost stoute 
Twelve fote of langtfs to feare a great route 
Thic headei be had, and be armed was 
Botbe baadas and bodyc, all atioute with bnae 

Upon hi) fint heade, in hia helmet erect 
There stode a fane, of the silke so fine 
Where was written, with letters of t[ie best 
My name is Fabihode, I ahaU cause enclinc 
Mt neighbours goodea, for to make them myne 
Alway I get, their lande or substauDce 
With subtile fraude. deceypt, ot variaunce 

And when a knight, with noble chyualry 
or La bell Pucell, shoulde atCafne (ha grace 
With my great falibode, I worke so subtiJIy 
That in her hart, he hath no dwetlyng place 
Tlua of his purpiwe, I do let the case 
Tina is my power, arid my condidon 
Lone to remoue, by a great illuaion 

And of Ibe aeconde heade in a ntken tasadi 

There I sawe written, Tmagination 

My crafty witte, is withonten rayle 

Lone for to bring, in perturbacion 

Wbwe La bell Pucell, woulde haue aJ Rc B ' on 

To Graunde Amonre, 1 shall a tale detiise 

To nuke ber hale him, and him to demise 

By my false witte, ho muche ymaginatiJt 
lie tiouthe full oft, I biyng in disease 
Where as wa« peace, I cause to be striic 
I will suffer no man, for to line in ease 
For if by fortune, be will be di^leue 
t sfaall of Imu, ymagen sudie a tde 
That out of ioye, it shall tume into bale. 

And on the thirde heade, In ■ gtremer grene 

There was written, my name is Fariury 

In many a towne, I am knowcn as I wend 

Where as I list, I do great iniury 

And do fonwere, my selfe fliU wrongfttlly 

Of ail Ihingek, I do hate conscience 

But I loue lucre, with aU diligence 

Betwene two louen, I do make debate 
I will ao swere, that they tiiinke I am true 
For euer blshode, with bis owne estate 
To a lady cometh, and nayetli to eschue 

That we haue aaied, is of my tronthe 

Her loue the wisteth, right cleans oM of nioAe 

That with her loue, she is wondersly wrought 

With fayned kindeites, we do ber ao btinde 

Then to her knia, she is full vnkiBda 

Thus our thre powers, were iofrned in one 

In this migbty gyeunt, msny dqitft agonc 

And When that I, had sesie cueiy ihii^ 
My spere I charged, that was very great 
And to this gyaiit, so fiercely oomyng 
I toke my coarse, that I with him metle 
Breakyng my spere, vpon hio Bm hetmct 
And right anone, adowne my slede I light 
Drawyng my iweid^ that was (ute and brigiM. 

I clipped Clara Prudence, that was taim and surf 
At the gyaunt I stride, with all my valeaunce 
But he my strfdics, might right well endure 
He was so great, and huge of puysaunce 
Hia glaoe he did against nw adiiasnce 
Whicfae was. iiS. fote, and more of cuttyng 
And aa he was, his stroke diaidiargy^ 

Because his stroke, was beauy to boait 
I lept wide, fmm him full quickely 

When he had disduvged, anyne full lightly 
He rored loude, and swaie 1 sboulde abye 
But what for that, I stnke at him &at 
And be at me, but I was not agaat. 

But as he fought, he bad a vauntage 
He was rigbt bye, and I vnder him lowe 
'nil at the list, with lusty courage 
Upon the side, I gaue bi/n sucbe a blows 
Ttiat I right ncare, did him ouerthrowe 
But right anone, he did his mi^te enlai^ 
That vpon m^ he did suche strokee diachar;^ 

TbiA I vnneth, might make reaislence 
Against bis power, for he was so strong 
I did defends me, agaynst his vyolence 
And thus the batlsyle, dured full right long 
Yet euermore, I did ttiuike among 
Of La bell Pncell, whom I shoulde atlayne 
After my battaiBes, to release my psyne. 

And as I loked, I sawe Hien auale 
Fayre giAden Phtbus, whh his beames ivd^ 
Then vp my oonTage, I began to bale 
Whiche nighe brfbre, was agone and deade 
My Bwcrde so entred, that the gyant bledde 
And with my strokes, I cutte of anone 
One of his legges, amiddes (be thyghe bono. 

But that I shortly, mto him did come 
With hia thre beades, be spitte all liia »cn yni > 
And I (rich my swonle, aa bst as conlde be 
With ^1 B^ fane, out of his faaadea Dow. 

When I had so, obtaynad the riclory 

Unto me then, my variet well sayad 

You haue demeaned you, welt and worthely 

My greybounden lept, and my Klade then brayed 

And then from (arte, 1 sawe well atayed 

To me come ridyag, tlire ladya right swela 

Forthe Uien I rode, and did with tbem mete. 


Tht fint of them, was called Veritle 

And the *HN»de, good Opcndon 

The tUnle alw, Tcliirped ndelHIe 

AH tbcf at once, with Rood (^nloD 

Did gnie lo dm, gmt luidation 

And nw bCKdwd, with tbdr hut entire 

With tbcm to mt, ind to make good Cbere. 

I pvimtcd tbcm, ard (ken baeknnrile we rode 
Tlie nagbtj gjwint, to se wid bebolde 
WhoH huge bodTe, wu more then lue cart lode 
WUdic lay tbcTG bledjmg, tfaM was dmoct colde 
Tbt; Ibr hii deatlie, did thanke tot many a folde 
For he Id them, wai enemy mortaU 

lire headn, tbey lAe In ipetiaU 

And til 


Did let aloft, of TUdiode the heads 
And good Operacion, in likewise bod tane 
Of Yniagination, that full Km then bledde 
Upon hia heade aloft, rpon hu banner reddv 
And in Hkcwue, T^delitje bad wrued 
Pniuiiea bcode, aabe bad wcU deaemed 

And with aweCe loaget, and swete annony 
Bcfiae me they lode, to thRr hyre cattell 
Bb fbatbe I rode, with great ioye and Klo'7 
llMo the plac^ wbere Aeae ladyea did dwell 
Set CD a rock^ beaide a ipryng or a well 
And fryre Obaenuunoe. ^ goodly poitresM 
Did Ta tcceiiie, with aolemne gladne* 

ncn to a chandler, that waa very bryght 
IVy did me Icade, for to tdie mine eaae 
Afts- my tronble, and my gnat rturdy flgbt 
But 4i« woandca I had, cauajng my diieaae 
Hy pajne and wo, {bey did ima appeaie 
And healed my woundea, with iialue aremat&e 
Tdlyng me of a great gyaont luoalike. 

WhcM onu traely, arai called VaiUGce 
Wbon 1 ihoiilde mete, after my d^uu^ng 
Ihcae ladiw, TDto n«e did great pleasaunce 
Aad in the meane while, as we were talkyng 
Pot ma my aii|^>er, was in ordeynyng 
Ikna irtm by Temperaunce, it waa prepared 
Aad then lo ft we went, and ryght well Cured 

And who that jou, into Qua a 

Madame I aaide, I waa ao amorous 

or Id bdl Pnc^ ao (ayre and beauteotu 

Id graunde Arooure, tnidy is my name 

Wladw aeke aduenturea, to attayne die fame 

A ha qood ahe, T thougfat asmncbe before 

Thia yon were be, for your great hanlinei 

La bol Pucell murt loue you euennore 

WUdie for ber sake, in your hye nofalei 

Dotfae Bidi actea, by ehyualraua eice«e 

Bb gentle hart, may nothing denye 

Td rewarde your mede, wyth loue fUll feruently. 

Hy time Is sborte, and I 

Unto tbe lande, of my conclusion 

The winde is east, right slowe widiout fltyle 

To blewe mj shipper of diligent trauayle 

To the lait ende, of m j matter troublous 

Withw ... 

Fafl oft I tbougb^ on m 

Right in the morowe, wheo Auran <dera 
Her radiaunt beames, began for to apraade 
And splendent Phelins, in bis golden spen 
The crystall ayre, did nuke fsjre and redda 
Darke Dyane, decUnyng pale as anya ledde 
When tbe little byrdes, swetely did syng 
Laudes to thor Maker, early in tbe n 

Vp I arose, and did make me readya 

For I tbaiught long, TQto my ioumeyi ende 

Hy greyhoundea icpt, on me right merely 

To cheare nte forwarde, they did condescends 

And the tbre ladiea, my cheare to amende 

A good breakefaat, did for me ordajne 

Tbey were right gladde, the gyauni was slayne 

I tokc my leaui^ and on my way I ryde 
Throughe the woodea, and on rockes hyc 
I loked about, and on the hill abode 
Till in tbe Tale, I sawe full hastely 
To me come ridyng, a lady aikerly 
I well behelde, the hye waye so vued 
But of this lady, right often I mused. 

Till at the laat, ire did mete together 
Madame I salad, the hye God you saue 
She thanked me, and did aske me whither 
That I so rode, and what I weulde haue 
Truely quod 1, nothing e'- • — ■" 
Of tbe hye God, but to b 
La beU Pucell, to haue tt 

What is your name, then saied she 
Id graunde Amoure, foraothe madame quod I 
Then was she glad, as any one might be 
And saied she waa sent, fro mine own Udye 

And woiddc b« glad, to bntre of your wealth. 

She promised yon, in a garden grene 

To loue you best, of any creature 

So dottie the yel, aa I thinke and wene 

Though that disdiQ'iie, biought ber to her lure 

But iM ber hart nowe, you shall be sure 

Be et good diere, and for nothing dismaye 

I spake with ker, but nowe this other day. 

And she my selft, vnto you hath sent 
Hy name is called, dame Perceucraunoa 
A little befon, that I from her went 
To her came Cupide, with gi 
And brought a letter, of Venus oi 
Whiche vnto her, he did anone present 
When she it read^ and knewe the cntent. 

All inwardly, full wondenly dismaied 
I WilbouHn woide, she did Mande right well 

WhK foe to do, si 

You tbr to helpe, or let you » spyll 

Disdayne and Strvngenes, did stand then tberb; 

Seing ber countenauace, they gan to draire nye. 

Madame quod they, why are ye «o sadde 
Alas quod the, it ii do maruaile why 
Sight nowe, of Cupide, a letter I had 
Sent from Venus, Kill tight nkarueilouaiy 
Sy whicbe 1 hau^ perceyued vtterly 
That a yong knight, called Graunde Amoure 
Dgthe hr my lake, miBia auche doloute 

That of constraint, of woftill heauinei 
He it uere deade, all onely for my sake 
Siall he nowe dye, or shall 1 him relese 
Of bU great wo, and to my mercy take 
Abide quod Strangene*, and your hh-dwc slake 
Haue you him aene, in *ny time before 
Yes yes quod she, that dodie my wo restore. 

At penticost, nowe TOnny dsyes agone 

Mukke to heare, at great solemnitie 

To and fiv he walked, him sclfe all alone 

In a great temple, of olde onliquitie 

nil that by foituae, he had espied me 

And right anone, or that I *™s ware 

To me he cane, I knewe naught of his can 

He semed gentle, his maneiB right good 
I behelde right weU, oU lua condicion 
Humble of chere, and of goodly mode 
But I thought nothing, of bis afficdaD 
But bis behauoure, abewed the occaalon 
Of fferuent !oue, as then in mine entent 
I crfl did deme, and geue a iudgiment. 

So after this, I did then sone depart 
Home to my couutrey, where I did atnde 
When I was gone, full heauy wu his hart 
As Cupide aaieth, I must for him pniuide 
A genUe namedy, at this sodayne tide 
Aiul for my sake, he is aduenluroin 
To subdue m' 

A quod Disdayne, knowe ye his substaunce 
Why will you loue, suehe a one as be 
Tliough he seme gentle, and of good gouen 
You £all haue one, of Ihrre hler degree 

CouMe your sdfe, lei his eyen to haue a sif^ 
Of your beauty, or his hart to be set 
What ikilleth you, Ibougb that he dye this nlg^ 
You called Mm not, when he witb you matte 
And he will loue you, you can not him let 
Be as be may, ye shall haue mine aisenu 
Him for to (brsake, ai is most eipedieat 

Alas madante, then saied dame Stiangenea 
When he c<Hneth hither, your course abate 
Loke hye tpon him, beware of mekenes 
And thinke that you shall haue, an bye estate 
Let not Giaundc Amoure, say to you chekmate 
Be stisunge rnto him, as ye know nothing 
llie pertttc cause, of Us true commyng 

And in meane while, came to her presence 
Dame Peace aud Mercy, and to her they saied 
Alas madame, con^der your excellence 
And howe your beauty, hath him so aiayed 
If you haue him, ye may be well apayed 
And doubt you not, if that ye loue for loue 
God will sende riches, to come to you aboue. 

Will you for leue, let him djre or perishe 

Whiche loueth you so, with feruent desyie 
And you your lelfe, may his sorowe minishe 
That with your beauty, set bis hart a fire 
Your swete lokes, did bis hart entire 
That of fine force, be must to you obey 
To Hue or dye, there is no more to say 

Alas quod Peace, will ye let bim endure 

In mortall payne, nithouten remedy 
Sithen his barte, you haue so tane in cure 
Your hastye dome, loke that ye cnodefy 
Eiile Disdayne, and Stiangenes shortly 
And sende Perccuciauuce, as fast as ye may 
To comfort him, in bis troublous ioumey 

Then in ber minde, she gan to reuolue 

The louyng vordes, of Mercy and Peace 

Her hardy hart, she gan for to dissotue 

And inwardly, she did to me release 

Her perfite loue, your great payne to cease 

And did exile then from her, to wildemes 

Bothe dome Disdayne, and eke dome Strangeneo. 

And did me sende, to yon incontinent 

With this goodly sbelde, thai ye shoulde it were 

For her sweto sake, as is conuenient 

It is sure, ye shall not nede to fearv 

The stroke of swerde, or yet the grate of spera 

9w prayeth you, for to be of good chere 

Aboue all men, ye are to her roost deare. 

Nowe aayed Perceueraunce, I pray you repoaa 

This long nyght, with my cosen Comfort 

A gentle ladye, as any may suppose 

She can you tell, and also well exhort 

Of La bell Pucell, with a true report 

I thanked her, of her great goodne* 

And so we rode, with ioye and gladnea, 


Moted about, voder a 

Alight she sajcdj for by right long apace 

In payne and wo, you did euer ehlde 

After an ebbe, there Cometh a fiowyng tide 

So downe I light, from my goodly steds 

After roy paine, to haue rest for my med^ 

launce, on the way m 


Into the place, where did vs gentillye i 

llie lady Comfort, without any dredde 

With Countenaunce, that was demure and tireto 

In goodly maner, she did vs then greto 

Leodyng ts, to a chamber precious 

Dulcet of odoure, and ntost solacious. 

And priuely, she aaked a question 
Of Perceueraunce, what I called was 
La graunde Amoure, without ohusion 
Cosen quod she, he doihe alt louers passe 
Like as dolhc Phtbus, in the pure glasw 
So dotbe his dedes, eiulle the soueraintie 
Of the darke gyauntrs, by highe aoctborilic. 


When ilie it kncwe, the wu of me rygfat fsyne 
Nothing I lacked, thBt was to m; pleasaunce 
Alter mj tnnq'le, and mj wofull psyne 
Gtmi EDcate and drinkef T had to sustenaunce 
We sate togetlier, b; long contiDuaunce 
But euennore Comfort, gaue sibonalion 
"^ "'""■■" tribuladoQ. 

Tlanke veil quod ihe, that in the worlde ii nooe 
Wldche can bane pleasure, witboul wo and care 
Joje cometli aftir, wh«i the payne ia gone 

Alwaf of ioye, afttr his wofull aiani 

Vho kooireth pajne, and hath bene in troubtu 

After his wo, his ioye is to him double. 

It ma; so fortune, that La bell Pacell 
Had) diuer« fiendes, that be not conteole 
Tbat her bnoiire, je sboulde attafne so well 
For joa, of them, she ma; often be shent 
But what for that, she shall not her repent 
And If her frendes, be with you aogrye 
Suffer their wordes, and take it paaently 

Acaynst tbor yll, do rato them good 

Tbem tar to please, be alwaye diligent 

So ihall jou swage, the tempesteoun floode 

Of their stormy mindes, so impacient 

Aad inwardly, they shall them selues repent 

Ihat they lo you, haue bene contrarious 

In nudie fyrye anger, bote and furious. 

'nim by your wisdome, ye ahall them lo winne 

Unto your frendes, that did you so hate 

For it is reason, you shoulde obey your kynoe 

As by obedience, botfae early and late 

Make them your frendes, without the debate 

F<a enermore, the spirite of padence 

Dotbe ouercoioie, the angry ryolence. 

Be lardy, bold^ and also couragious 
For after that, ye be gone from hence 
Yoi rfiaU tnete, with a gyaunt rigorious 
Hsuyng senen htades, of yll eiperience 
Tou shall subdue him, with your prudence 
And other aduentures, shall vnto yon fall 
WUcbe Fame shall nuse, to be memoriall 

Vhtn it was lime, I waa brought to bedde 
So an the long nyghl, I endured in rest 
Wiih mehe • sloutbe, itaken was my heade] 
That my soft pyllowe, I founde a giwd got 
For haig b^ine, 1 waa so opprcat 
VIA iswarde trouble, that 1 myght not ilepe 
But oft wake, and sigh with teares depe. 

When moniyng came, vp anone I rose 
And armed me, as fast as I might 
Fcvthe for t4> tjauell, Tnto my purpose 
I lake my leaue, and on my stede 1 light 
Ihttnkyng dame Coforle, oT' 

ly companye 

Forthe on the waye, we mde fiill merely 

Bulwarkes about, accustomed for warre 
On a craggy rodiB, it wu so edified 
Walled with gete, so clearely purified 
To whiche we rode, and drewe nere and nara 
Till in our sight, did openly appeare. 

A mighty gyaunt. it. fble of length 
With heade* seuen, and armed fuU sure 
He semed well, to be a man of strength 
Then quod Perceueiaunce, ye must put in Tre 
This daye your power, in honoure to endure 
Against this gyaunt, your mortall enemy 
Be of good chearc, you shall haue ticto^. 

Besides dus gysunt, Tpon euery tree 

I did se hang, numy a goodly shelde 

Of noble knightes, that were of bye degree 

Whiche be had slayne, and murdred in the felde 

From farre this gyaunt, I right well bdielde 

And towarde him, as I rode my way 

On bia fim heade, I sawe a banner gaye 

Whose nature false, !» full of flatery 

an cloke a mocke, and fraude full subtilly 
So dotbe he loue, deceyue oft priuely 
For the hiinde loue, dothe pereriue right nou 
That ynder hony, the poyson is wrought 

And the seconds heade, w 
In whiche waa written, in 

letters right white 

DeUy ra, 

A true louer, with my fatall respite 

That loue for loue, shall not him acquite 

For euennore, I lye oft in awayle 

Loue to delay, and cast liim IVom consayte. 

On the tfairde bead, in a banner square 
Al of reade, waa written Discomfort 
Causyng a touer, ihr to drowne in care 
That he of loue, shall haue no report 
But lokes hye, his hart to transport 
And I my selfe, shall him so aiaayls 
Hiat he in loue, shall nothing preuayle 

On the fourths heade, on the helmet crest 
There waa a stremer, right white, large, and long 
Where on was written, with bise of die best 

The mind of loue doth chaung, with great wrong 
llut a true louer, can not be certayne 
Loue for his mede, right stedfast to retayne. 

And yet aloft, on the fifle helmet 

In a blacke banner, was written Enuy 

Whose hart euer, inwardly is fret 

When Graunde Amoure, shoulde attayoe hia ladya 

He muieth ofl, in him selfe inwardly 

To let the lady, for to set her harte 

On Graunde Amoure, for to release hii snuito. 

In a russet banner, on the «it heade 
There was written, this worde Detraction 
That can open, in ■ couert stede 
His subtile male, replete with treason . 
To cause ■ lady, lo haue auapectiou 1 1 (^> 
Unio her true louer, with his hitler taw 
That she her loue, fVom him then did bale, 
I 3 

On the MUSDtli beade, in ■ bwuei of riche* 

Woa written, wllb letten all of gnwt: 

My nune tniely, is called Doublenei 

Whiche I do owe, Tnio all Udyes tnu 

Al a time vnicBre, my det stastbe due 

To Graunde Amoure, for to moke him repent 

That be his toue, on La bell Pucell ipenL 

When in my minde, I bad well sgregale 

Euer; tbing, llmt I in him had sene 

Botbe of his heade, and of his hye estate 

I called for hclpe, vnto the.hceuen quene 

The day was fayre, the lunne wu bright and sbene 

Bcdde a riuer, and a craggy loche 

Thys gyaunt was, whiche ipied me approehe. 

He hurled about^ and cast hia shelde afore 
And toke bia axe, of myghty tbrtilude 
That waa of length, ii. fote and more 
Whiche he had Tsed, by long conauetude 
To dauDce true loueri^ and their powa eicla4e 
I take my spere, and did it well charge 
And with hacdinea, I made my tone enlai^. 

I tofce my coune^ and to the gyaunt none 

On hit aeconde beula, breaking then aaunder 

My myghty spoe, that be to rare began 

With so baae a erje, that I had great wonder 

His seuen beades so rored, like the thunder 

Right IKim my slede, I light to the grounde 

And drew Clara Prudence, that waa whole and aoiid 

llie myghty gyaunt, his aie did vp lift 
Upon my hetSe, that the itroke shoulde fall 
Ijut I of him, was full ware and swift 
I lept aside, so that the stroke withall 
In die grounds lighted, beside a stone wall 
Thre fote and more, and anone then I 
Did lepe vnto him, stdking full quickely. 

But aboue me, he had suche attitude 
That I at him, collide haue no full stnAe 
He stroke at me> with many stroka rude 
And called me boye, and 

That with thy braynes, I 

At the last he Mied, I ihul gere the a knocke 
shal] the tin di 

Abide quod I, thou shalt be fii 

E full fainL 

And right anone, I by me espyed 
On the rockcs lude, twelue steppes full sure 
And then right fast, I Tpon them hyed 
That we were bothe, shout one stature 
My strength I doubled, and put ao in rre 
The great strokes, thai I cut of anone 
Siie of his beadea, leauyng blm but one 

When he felt him iet<b hurt M gnuoUily 
He stretched him tp, and lifts his axe a luft 
Strikyng st me, widi strokes wondersly 
But I full flwiftly, did geue backe full oA 
For to deuoyde, his great strokes nuoft 
When he sawe thii, he thought him forlon 
With a Iiideoui Toyec, be b^an to nre 

The battaile dured, betwene ti rigbt Img 
Till I sawe Fbebua. declinyng fiill lowe 
I nuaunced my sWErde, that was sure and Mrong 
And with my might, I gaue him suche a blowe 
On bis icucnth hcade, tliat be did ouerthrowc 
When he was downe, he gan to crye and yt'll 
Full like ■ serpent, or a fende of belL 

When I sawe this, aa fut u might be 
A downe I came, and did then iidKe 
Hia seuenth helmet, right ricbe for to see 
And bim beheaded, in a right abort spaco 
And then full sOQC, there caiue to tha place 
Perseueiaunce, and my verlet also 
Alas they saied, we were for you right wo. 

But we were glad, wlien ye had fbraaktn 
The lowe Tale, and Tp the craggy fayre 
For your aduauntoge, the hye waye had lakm 
Thus aa we walked, we did ae ladiea fayre 
Seuen in number, that were dehonayre 
Upon white palfreys, echa of them did lyde 
For T> ryght gentilly, from the caatell side. 

The Gist of them, was named StedJaitnai 
And the second, Amerous Furueyaunce 
The thirde, was loye, after great heauinei 
The fourth of them, was dame Cotinuauncs 
And the fift of them, called dame Pleaaauoca 
The nite waa called. Report &nu>ua 
Hie ■eueoth Amitie, to looers dolourous 

And right anone, with al humilitia 

They lighte adowne, and then incontinente 

Ecbe after other, tbey came into me 

I kissed them, with idl my whole entente 

Hayle kuyght they sayed, so clears and excellent 

Whiche <^ this gyaunt, our hydeous enemy 

So worthely, hath wonne the ncmy. 

Ladyes he saied, I am muche vnwoithy 

So to accept, your great prayse and fame 

Tbey prayed me, to kepe them company 

I will quod I, or elles I were to blame 

They prayed me, to sbewe them my name 

La graunde Amoure it is, I saied in dede 

And then saied they, no wonder tboughe ye qiede. 

No doubt it is, but ye shall tri>tayne 

La bell PuccU, so right fayre and elere 

We were with her, exiled by Djsdayne 

And then berieged, in thia caatell here 

With this great gyaunt, more then a whole jeic 

And you thia nyght, if it do you please 

In this pate ebMcII, shall take your eaae. 

I thanked til 

Into the I 

WaUed about, with tha bkcke (onefae atan* 

I toke there than) my recreatian 

Among these ladyes, with conuneodadao 

And wiwn ^me came, that they tfaoi^ht b«at 

To a R^all bedda, I waa hrou^ to real. 

After my wery, and troublous trauayle 
I toke mine ease, tyll that it was day 
Then Tp I rose, without any hyle 
And made me ready, far to ride my wvft 
But then anone, into the chamber gaye 
The seven ladyea came, with Perceoeranno* 
Swyng they woulde, gnie ma -**T~'-Ti"rt 

And bring am, to La bell Pucell 
When that she is, in her court royall 
And likewiae, aa Pbdiut dothe hye excell 
In brighlnei truely, the fayre stwrta aU 
So in beauty, and veitue ipedall 
She dothe excede, any earthly creature 
lltatis nowe made, l>y fayre dame Nature 


We bi^a oiu ftiA ■"•l *> ""i* n raadya 
To La bell PuG^ on oui nj (o rj6» 
Mj aede wm tmmi^ 1 1^ TP ikartl j« 
So did tha ladyH, tkcgt wooliU Dolfaiiig dUa 
Thus fartha w* nde, at the ooniv* M* 
'till if tliii iMiill. -ilV -f 'irji 111 iilmaiiii 
Fonhe oAW way^ at all adnantol^ 

So long m lodi^ MM! hill aul vdey 
T7II thrt w* cdBia, into a wUdataea 
On (tMTj ij^ tkve wiUe hiBBa i lajri 
Rigbl MnoDge Uid fiwce, in amiry til 
It ms a place, of diaiidule dailefM* 
The hdfes and I, vnc in feare aiil ila 
TjU at tiia last, tbat we wan gotten on 

Of dta groat mode, Tpm acragg; rac 
Wbcn daB« Oyana, in tba acorptoa 

Tando' ia the paUca, ga^a and gkxioua 
or La ban FiMel'a gfcat humililw, 
A place of plcaaMia, molt aJariwH 
Bat then we spied, a f ende fallacioui 
Bqondatfaahaani, aathaauCTentrBaaa 
BlowTiig out Sn, hj nanwyloiu widanas 

IIk in was graat, it mada Ilia yiaad* l^ght 
He MMd louda, it auad lika tha UhuuW 
Bat » me Ihoi^^ ha was of graal m^t 

Aba quod Ox, with fnude and nibttltrc 

*i"~"— that tbejr Dugbt Dot, reuert aga jue 
With Eonrtall Enu;, the; did then oiniect 
To make a taoda, in likewiw to diracta 
Sjrt Giaaada AnuHira, wjth the fmient tjn 
Of cuill tieaaon. In let ^ dtaire. 

For danw Dirfaiao, Aa cnA; aamava 
Vith arte aagfka, kth wrtai^ fiiU cnftdr 
Of the. ni. matatlaa, a diagoo douhdei 
And dame Stnngenes, by her n;gronianc]r 
Bxh doaed therin, a fnde rigbt sublillr 
Thn the fjre tnm a eA, by great mln^ 
Bat Graunde AmouK, aball it well aaav^ 

BoMib thaa rodie, thete i> well Ibiliied 

An oi^ temple, 10 the laude and Klorf 

Of wJK dune Pallai, It vm M ediflBd 

Wt wiU ride, nun it fuU ligbtlj 

And do oblatioti rnto liar tniel j 

She will n (ell, bj- good eiperienre 

Howe we may tcife, the hrennyng TjroletlM, 

Of depured crhrtaU, bar whole ynmge wu 
The tempU walln, were right olde and browne 
And then a^ aooa, befon her highe reoowna 
Proarata we bll, mikely to tba gnninde 
And lodauKl;, we woe cut in a aownde 

Tbui ai we lajB, in a dcadel; channca 
We thou^ to her, we made petidon 
And all in Engliib^ wfth IcHig 
She ibewed lu, all (be whole cai 
Of the maiwBjlou^ wiiMmlaa operatioa 
And did diewe v^ a pertite BeBoady 
To withit^de, all tke craft of Sorcoiy 

And in likewiaa, a« the maiiar feloweth 
In depuied venea, of craft; eloquence 
Euerj thing, ¥ato n ihe iheweth 
And Bnt of all, with all our diligence 
Tbcae renet we wied, into her eiceUeace 
But she with craAf, venea eloquent 
bill eipMient. 

When golden Pbdiua, in the fint houre 
Of hit owne daje, b^an for to doniinM 
The (orcereHe, the lUw mote itf diJoure 
All of golde, that was so pure and fyne 
Of die beat, made Ihe heade serpentyne 

And euecy boure, at the plaiiette* raygncd 
She made tfae serpent, of the nwtalleii seueD 
Til) she her purpose, had tiill; attajned 
And when flue bodies, aboue on tba hoauca 
Went retrogarde, manieylousljr to neuen 
With diiMTS quartjlf, and the Dmre condnM 
In the dragon's tajle, to let a loueialtiat. 

These euned wllehes, Disdajne and SBauDgenea 
Made the monster, of a subtile kjnda 
To let my purpose, and all my gUdnea 
But that danw Pallas, erf' her gentle minda 
Of marueylous heites, a remedye did fin^ 
And anooe a boi^ of imarueyloua oyntmaot 
She toka to aie, W witbatauda the aapant 

Hius M eamaruejlcd, we did them avibB 
And in my hand, I had the ornttnetit 
Closed in a bole, of whiche I shoulde tak* 
To anoynt my hsraeya, for the wrpent 
Whiche shall deuoyde, bis fire 90 feruent 
And my swerde alio, 10 cauae to depart 
AMrotbe the fende, ao set with magikes aitA 

Then wUtheiului^ with hl> besoua niaiy 
B<«an to rise, in tba byre morowe gr^ 
Allabaut, ligbtyng our emiapen 
Exilyng miste^ and darke elowdas awn 
And when we Bwe, that it Kaa bright Aye 
Nete by the lyiu^, at tbe last we sfded 
A goodly riiippe, which unto m flut hyed. 

And right aume, by tte linage lyda 
She cast an anker, and did vs Ihui h^le 
With a peate of guniua, at the mmowo tyde 
Mo- bonet she vailed, and gan to suike sayle 
She was right large, of Ihre loppes without Utile 
Her boBtc she made out, and sent lo (be lande 
What that we were, 10 knowe and vnderUand* 

190 HA 

That n did mike, bj tha riuer comI 

And with tvro l»dyes, we fodaynely mette 

So when (hat they, wers come (o tb almoit 

From their shippe boate, curioiuly counter&ite 

Hayle knyght they aaied. nowe from a lady great 

Called dame Pacience, »e are hilfaer lent 

To knowe your name, and all the whole entant 

What you make here, and the ladyn all 

We woulde haue passage, nowe in ipedall 
Tary she sayde, it were to you not giwd 
There is a serpent, euill, right Aerce, and woods 
On the other side, vrhiche will you deuoure 
Nay then quod I, my name is Greunde Amoure 

I haue discomfited, the gyauntes terrible 
For Id bell Pucell. the most fayre ladys 
And for her sake, shall be inuindble 
Of Ibis great monster, to haue the victory 
You haue quod they, demeaned you nobly 
And we anone, to our lady Fadcnce 
Will geue of you, perfite intelligence 

Hius they depatted, and to their boate diey went 
And the royall shippe, yclipped PeHitenea 
Tbey did aborde, and then incontinent 
Unto dame Facience, tliey gan to eiprvsse 
My name, mine actes, and all my prowea 
Ha ha quod she, howe glad may I nowe be 
WUche In this place, may him bothe heare and ae 

And in great haste, she made them rowe agayne 
Towarde the lande, witli all due reuerence 
For to receyue me, and the ladyes certayne 
And so we then, with all our diligence 
Entred tbc boate, without rcsistence 
And did aborde then, perfitenea so sure 
Wtdcbe the great wsues, might right well endure 

And Pacience, with great solemnitie 

Did me re«iue, and the ladyes also 

Welcome she sayed, by hye aucthoritye 

I am ry^t gladde, that it hath happraied so 

That Id bell Pucell, must redrene your wo 

And on your selfe, with your worthy dedes 

or Fame and ber, hath wonne right hie medes 

And then thidr anker, they weyed in haste 
And hoyst their sayle, wi»n many a clarion 
Began to blowe, the momyng was past 
But A&ycus Auster, made surrection 
Blowyng his helowes, by great occasion 
Su roFthe we sayled, right playne southwest 
On the other syde, where the serpent did rest 


And at tba lande, we ariued than 
With all the ladyes, in my company 
WMdie to pray for me, sodayneiy began 
To the god Mars, lodeatarre of chiualrye 
I toke my leaiie, of them full gentilly 
And right anone, to flnde out my fo 
'I )iis inortall dragon, 1 went to and tre. 

Tyl] at tha last, beside a craggy rocbri 
I sawe the dragon, whicbe did me eapyo 
And neie and nere, as I gan to ^ppioc b a 
I bebelde his beade, with his great body 

His necke uluer, and thicke like a bull 
His brest stele, and like an olyphant 
His forelegges laten, and of feden full 
^ght like a gripe was euery tallaunt 
And as of sueogth he nothing did want 
His locke eibie, like bristle* of a swyne 
Of the fyne copper, did moste clearly shine. 

His hrnder l^gea, was like to a <atta 

All of lynne, and like a scorpioD 

He had a tayle, with a beade theiat 

All of leade of pliaunt liuhion. 

His hart stele, without menisuon 

Towaide me he came, roajyng like the thunder 

Spittyng out fyre, for to se great wonder. 

In bis forheade, with letters all of grewg 
Was written, my name is Malyce priuy 
That olde debate, can full sone reaue 
Betwene true louers, wyth coloure crafty 
Agaynst Giaunde Amoure, I shall so fortiiy* 
My euill subtill power, and cnraed couraga 
To let him tiuely, of his hye passage. 

I toke my boie, as Pallas comnnunded 

And my sweide and shelde, with all my armunt 

In euery place, I rygbt well anoynted 

To hardines, I toke my hart in cure 

Hakyng me ready, and when I thought me aura 

I toke my (werde, and with an haidy harte 

Towarde the dnp>o, I began to staita 

And as I gan, ray great stroke to charge 
He blewe out so muctie fyre innumerable 
Ilat on the grounde, I did my migbt discharge 
The smoke was darke, full greatly domagcafala 
And the bote Gre, was so intollerable 
About me fliyng, that vnneth I my^t 
Throughe my rysure, cast abroadr my sght. 

But the awetr. oynlment, had luche a vcrtun 
That the wilde Sre, myght nothing endomag« 
Me tfaroughe heale, for it did eitue 
The magikes art, with great aduaiuitage 
Causyng the i^re, light well to aawage 
And with my swerde, as nothing agaat 
Upon the serpeol, I did strike £ll tmt. 

His body was great as any tunne 

The deuill about, did his bodye beare 

He was as egre, as grjpe or lyon 

So with his tsJUuntes, he did my hameyea teare 

That oft they put me, in a raortall feare 

Tyll at the last, I did his body peree 

With my good swerde, he m^bt it not rcuerae. 

Right therwithall, tlie dragon to brast 

And out there flewe, rigbt blacke and tediona 

A foule Ethiope, whiche sucha imoke did cast 

Tliat all the ylande, was full tenebrous 

It thundred loude, with clappes tcmpestioua 

Then all the ladyes, were full sore adreade 

Tlwy thought none other, but that I was dead* 


Th> ■pirito muAid, tba afn w«icd cImts 
Tbcn dtd I lake, and bcbolde about 
Wbm wH tba lower, of m]> ladj u davs 
T]fU M the Into, I had exiled it out 
Sd DU » rocke, r7glit hye wiilKiut doobt 
And all the ladja, with perceuerauDce 
To me did come, with iore 

FiBntba quod fbrj, joa mn mucbe foftnnate 
So to mbaue, the lerpent TMwmoiu 
Wbiche by tonxry, wai sunl; oidinat* 
You for to flea, with fire lo Tjdout 
Bleaed be Pallas, the goddene gloriow 
Whidie that you taught, a perfile Ttmedja 
Vat to deuojde, the craft <tf lorcerj. 

Tt was no wonder, though that I was glad 
After the payne, and tribulation 
Ihat in ramj places, 1 right often had 
For to attayne, the faye promocian 
Of l^ bell Pucclles doimnadon 

I subdued, tc 

Alkd Chen ryght sone, with great solemaitie 
8i> rorthe we rode, to the aolenuie mancion 
Of La bell Pucellea, worthy dtgnilie 
Whkdie was a lower, of marueylous faahion 
B^dete with ioye, without suggestion 
Vailed with siluer, and many a story 
Upon the wall, enameled roj^y. 

So at the last, we came mto the gate 
VUcbe all of siluer, was knotted properly* 
There was a lady, of r«ht hye estate 
Wlacbe n recdued, wdl and nobly 
And tlwn Perceueraunce, went full sboitly 
To La biell Pucell, sbewyng euery thing 

When die it knewe. Am right ii 

Ebe oilted to her. Peace and danic i-ixruy 

With Justice uid ReaHm, the lady eiccllent 

Heaiannce, Grace, w' good dame Memorye 

To myte Tpon her, fiilT ententiflye 

He to rvcriue, with all solemne ioye 

A dirwne her chamber, she went on her way. 

And in the meane while, the gentle portereaae 
Called CountciMiiince, on my way then me ledde 
lata the base courte, of great widenes 
Whoe all of goldc, there was a conduits heaile 
With many dragons, enameled with redde 
Thiche did spoute out, the dulcet lycoure 
like ciystall cleare, with siomatike odoure. 

AIoA the base lower, fbure ymages itode 
Wbiib blewe the clarions, well and wondenly 
AkA the towen, the golden fanes good 
Did with the wiode, make full swete anrKH^ 
Them for to here, it was great melody 
The golden towen, with cristall clarified 
Aboitt tnrt glaninl meat clearely purrifled 

Witbouten spMte, of Uadw « 

About our fete, it did right cleanly shyna 

It semed more like a place celestine, 

Hien an earthly mansion, whicba shall aw^ 

By long lyme and procnwe, an other day. 

And tnwarde me, 1 did se 

Ia bell Pucell, the most fayre creature 

Of any fail* earthly person liuyng. 

Of the ihinyng golds, waa all her vesture 
X did my duty, and once or twise iwys 
Her lippe) Krft, I did fViU swelety kyise^ 

Aha qund she, that I am very fsync 
That you sre come, for I haue thought long 
Sythen the time, that we parted in Iwaine 
And for my sake, you haue had often wnmg 
lurage, so hardy and strmg 



Of your enemies, so mucha contrarious. 

With her lairs hande, white as any lillya 
She did me Icade, into a royal! hall 
With knoltes kerued, fVill right cnftely 
Ihe windowes liiyre, glased with cristall 
And all about, Tpon the golden wall 
There was enameled, with fygures curious 
The siiga of Troyc, to hank and dolorous 

The floors waa paued, with precious stoma 
And the roufe, of marueylous gsometiy 
or the swete Cypres, wrought for the nonca 
Encensyng out, the euill odouii mistya 
Amiddes the roufc, there shone full vondersly 
A poynted dyamonde, of marueylous bygncs 
With many oth«, great stones of riches. 

So rp we went, to a chamber byre 

A place of pleasure, and delectation 

Strowed with flowers, flagiaunlc i^ayie 

Without any spoHe of perturbadon 

I bebelde right well the operation. 

Of the marueylous roufe, set full <a rubir* 

And tynit with sspbers, and many turiuyi 

llie wallcs were hanged, with golden arras 

Whiche treated well, of the siege of Thebes 

And yel all about vi depured was, 

The cristsllyne windowes, of great bryghtnea 

I can nothing eilende the goodlines 

Of ihis pajaice, for it is impossible 

To shewe all that Tnio me was vystble. 

But La bell Pucell, full right gentitly 
Did ut adowne, by a windowe side 
And caused me also, full swetely 
By her to sit, at that gentle tid« 
Welcome she ssied, ye shall wiih me abide 
After your sorowe, to line in ioye and blisaa 
You shall haue that, you haue deserued iwys 

Her redolent wordes, of swele influcoce 

Dcgouled Tapoure, moete aromatike 

And made conueiaoa, of my complacaaee 

Her depured, and her lusty rethorike 

Hy courage reformed, that was so lunatike 

My sorowe defeted, and my minda did niod«fy. 

And my dolounnis hail, began to pactfye. 

1S8 UI 

All thug my Inn, we bcgm to deune 

For eche of otbw, w«ra iTght ioymi* 

HwD at tbe last, in a maruejloua wba 

Full sodMiielr, tliare came rnto n 

Ijttle Cupida, widk bi* iBOtba Vanua 

Whiche waa well cladde, in a &ire mantell blewe 

Wilh goldoi hvtsa, that vera pant inewa 

And roundc about t^ aba har mmtht mat 
Saiyag that ihe, and her aon Cupide 
Woulde It coniojiie, in mariag* in bMU 
And to let imowe, all ;our eaurtt id wyde 
Sends you Perceiwraunce, iiefora to prouiiia 
To wame youj ladjes, for to be nady 
To morowe b; time, right well and •olemiwl; 

We auntwoed, bothe our bartaa wen in one 
Saiyng that we, did rygM weU agns 
For all our fim, were added and gone 
Right gladde 1 waa, that iojiuU akjt to see 

Aod abe tok* bar leaue, I kuaad ber louely 
I went to bMU>, bat i eooUe not riepe 
For I thou^it ao mncbe, vpoii bar inwaidel; 
Her moM awcU Lokeo, into aij bart did civpe 
Percrng it tfaioii^u^ wilfa a wouDde so dtp* 
For Nature thought, euei; boure a daye 
TjU to m; Indji 1 aboulde my dette wdl ftyt. 

Then Ferceueraunee, in all goodipr haata 
Unto the atewarde, called Liberalitie 
Gaue warnyng fur to make read; iait 
Agajrnit this tyme, of great solenmitio 
That on the moiowe, balowed tboutde be 
She warned the cooke, called Tempeiaunize 
And after tl»t the ewm Obieruaunce. 

With PleaaauDce tbe panter, and dame Ctutesy 
Tbe gentle butler, wilh tbe ladyes alt 
Eche in her office, waa preparal ihortiT 
Agajnil (hia feast, 90 mucbe triumphall 
And La bell Pu«Il, then In spedail 
Wa« vp by time, in the morowe graye 
flight *o was I, when I lawe tbe daye. 

And right anone, La bell Pucell me tent 
Agaynst my weddyng, of the aalen fyne 
White u tbe mylke, a goodly garment 
Biandred with pewle, that clearely dyd Mm 
And so the maiiage fbr to determine, 
Venus me brought, to a nrfall chapell 
Whiche of Bne golde, was wioagld eueiydelL 

And after that, tbe gay and gloriotis 
La bel Pucel, to tbe cbapell waa leade 
la a white TCMure, tayre and predoui 
With a golden ehaplet. on ber yelowe hewla 
And Lei Ecclesie, did me to ber wadda 
After wbiehe weddyng, there was a great faaat 
Nothing we lacked, but bad of tbe beat 

Wisdom* otn iudgv, witbont «ari«UKe 
That nought I lacked, as ye may be sure 
Paiyng tbe swata Abb datta of nature 
Thus with mj lai^, that was &yre and olotra 
In ioyc I liued, fuU 17^ many a yat*. 

O lusty youth, and yoog tender hart 
TTie true companion, of my lady bright 
God let n neuer, than other astart 
^ut all in ioye, to Hue bolfae daye and oy^it 

Till that dame Nature, natuiyng liad mada 
All thinges to gaowe, thio their fortitude 
And nature naturyng, wait retrograde 
By strength my youtbe, so for to exclude 
As was euer, her olde consuetude 
First to augment, and than to abate 
Tfais is tbe custome, of her bye estate. 

Thus aa T liued, in sucbe pleasure gladde 

Into the chamber, came full priuely 

A fayre olde man, and in his tiand he bad 

A croked stafle, he wente full wekely 

Unto me then, he came flill softly 

And with hit atafl^ he toke me on tbe breast 

Obey be saied, I must you uedes aicat. 

My name is Ag^ wbidie haue often aoie 
The lusty youthe, petisfae vnhappely 
Through tbe deactte, of the lelft I wene 
And euenoore, I do tbinka inwar^y 
That my dedes of youtbe, were of great fbly 
And thou thy self^ right ioyoua may be 
To liue BO long, fbr b> be ly^ to nte. 

H^ipy is be, tfaat may well ouer paoae 

Tlie narrowe brydge, ouer fragilitie 

Of his wanton youths, brittle aa tbe glaae 

For tbe youtbe la open, to all &ailty« 

Ready to &1, into graat izuquitye 

FuU well is be, that is brydled last 

With &ira dauM Beaaon, till baa yonlba b* poat 

I obeyed bli rest, there wai no remedy 

My youthe was past, and all my lustioes 
And right anone, to vi came Fohcye 
With Auaryce, biingyng great riches 
My whole pleasure, and delite doubtlea 
Was set rpon, treasure insaciate 

The Aesbelj plasnn!, I bad cast adde 
Little I loued, fbr to pisye, or daunce 
But euer I tfaought, howe I mygfat prouide 
To spare my treasure, lande arid substauncc 
lUs was my minde, and sU my purueyauDCe 
As vpon deatbe, I thought little or neuer 
But gathered riches, as I sboulde liue euer. 

But wkoo I tfaoogbt, longaal to endura 
Death with bis dact, anat me todtiatlj 
Obey he vujsi, as ye may bo sura 
You can rcaist, nothing tbe cootraiy 
But that you must, obey me naturally 
Wlat you auayleth, sudie tnMun to laki 
Sytbtoa by forea^ yc must it now Ibmka. 



This moiUelj tiOHUe, I mut Icaua bafain^ 
For earth of ewth, will faauc hii dttte now pajed 
Wbat is tbii woride, but ■ bl«t of winde. 
I mint attda Aje, it is mj natife kiodA 
And u I was, at this concliuiaa 
To me did coni^ d 

With dame Contnctoa, vhiclw gan to bswule 
M; uinea gnat, with whole repentaunce 
Aad Saticfactioii, without any Aiyle 
With dsme CtHucicDce, did weje in balaunce 
Howe (bat tbtj niigfal, tiwn without doubtaunn 
Hj traasu>« and good, ao nttrai wrongfully 
To rrston agaiiia, to the ngbtfbU paitf . 

Of bvly dniTcbo, with all bomilide 

Hf ri^ta I tofce, and then incontinent 

Nature auailed in ao lowe dwree 

That death wai come, and alTin} life fpent 

Out of JJtj bodyp, my aoole then it went 

To Puigatory, for to be purified 

That after tfa^ it mi^ be gloriBed. 

The goai dame Uercy, with dame Cbaiitia 
My body buried, full iW>t humbly 
la a Gure temple, of olde antiquitie 
TbBe waa for toe, a drrese i 
> maue, fiill 


right Kileauwly 
ly graue, to be In memory 
made, thii little epttaphy. 

O cattb on cartb. It li a wonden caie 

IIbI thon ait bliade, and will not the knowe 

Thou^ Tpoo eaith, thou haat thy dwellyng place 

Tet earth at tut, muat nedes the oueithrowe 

TboD tldnkest the, to be no earth I trowe 

Psr if thou (Uddeal, thou wouldeal then apply 

To fonake pleaaun^ and to leame la dye. 

O earth of cardi, why ait thou so pttnide 

Kove what tbou art, call ta femembnuncc 

Opta thine earca, Toto toy long aloude 

b Dot tby bettne, atrcngtb, and puinaunce 

Tbaagh it be elaiide, with dotbea of pltaHunce 

Very earth, and aba wmtnea fcde 

niwu caith to carO, rtialt tume tbe bloiuk. 

Aad earth with earth, why art tbon to wroAe 
~ ' a tbe, that it T^leth right nou^it 

' K thinke, ot a perflte Imuthe 

Amiddca the ^rtb, thera la a place ywrought 
When earth to evtb, ia tamed pi 
The fur thy Mane, ti 

-' '" — ■ 

lefl pruucily 

And earth tor earth, why haat tboa Enoy 

And the earth Tpon eardi, to be more proap 

Iks thou thy aelfc, fretync the inwardly 

it ii a cynne, right foule and tj 

And TDto God, al 

Tlou thinkeit I trowe^ thera i> 

Oid^Foed fiir finE 

Towarde beaaen to fclcrwe on tbe way, 
Hiou art fuU iloiire, and thinkeat QothiDg 
Iliat thy natiae, dothe Aill sane decay 
And death right fast, is to tbe conmyng 
God giaunt die TD«<ey, but ivt tyme enloBgyng 
When thou haat linie, take time and ipace 
When time is past, tait ia At tine of grace 

And when earth to earth, ia next to reueit 

And nature lowe, in the lait ace 

Of earth]]' treaiure, earthe do£e set hi* hart 

Inaatiatly, rpon couetiie to rage 

He thinketh not, tut life ihall aaawage 

His good i* hii God, with hii great lichea 

He thinketh not, for to leaue it doubtlei. 

Tbe pomped c)afke% with fiida dtfeiaae 
£aith often badath, with eotntpi glotcB^ 
And not hyng^ with woekea ratUDua 
Tbe nwla dothe Me, iwbt well eMmtifly 
But without aaeaeara, fi3l iuatdinalriy 
The body UaetU and wiU not lamtoiiar 
Howe earth to earth, nuut hii atre 

The nle carfcaa*, aet Tpon a l^Ta 
Dothe often baODt, the snua of lechafy 
Fulfillyng the fowle camall dedre, 
Thus earth with earth, ii comipt n 
And earth on earth, will nothing puriiye 
nil earth to earth, be neaie lubuarted 
For earth with eaith, ii so perueited. 

O mortall folke^ yon may babolde and a* 

Howe I lye hen^ aometiine a mighty knl^w 

The ende etiiij*, and all pro ^uTU a 

la death at lait, throagh hu cmirie and mygltf 

After the day, then eotaath die dak* nyglit 

For thou^ the day, be neuer m hmK 

At lait tbe beliei, ringath to et 

Did thinke flill littla, that I dtoalda bare lya 
Till ^alb did marka me, full right priualy 
Lo what I am, and wherla yon roiM 
Like ai I am, m iball you be all duH 

Then in your minde, inwardly dcapiw 
Tbe brittle woride, » full of doublcne* 
With the vyle fleifae, and right lOne aiyaa 
Out of your alepe, of nmlaU bcauynas 
Subdue the danill, witti grace and mekaiea 
lliat after your life, fr^la and tranaitory 
You may ttian liu^ ia ioye pcidurably. 

mine qiyt^iby Kt 
Oucr my graue, in came dama Fame 
With brcnnyng tongues without any let 
Saiyng that the would aprcade about my in 
To line in honoure, without any d>m« 

The power, «tMe, uid ro^ftdl dignit je 

Of dame Fuiw, in enerj regioD 

Ii l(V tu Bpreade, by hj e aucCboritye 

lie nobla dedo, of many a chiunpion 

As they are worthy, in mine ojunion 

For thougbe hit body, be demde and mortmll 

Hii ftme ahall endure, aod be memtnuU. 

And of bye honour, attayned tbe medes 

In the daneanyiig him, bo worthely 

Slcyng the great terrible glaunl«s vglj 

And alio the fyrye monater vyalent. 

Of tbe aeuen metalles, made by enchauntmeut 

About the woride, in euery naaon 
That euermore, he shall abide alyue 
Of hia great acta, to moke relation 
In boke* many, 1 thall of him contriue 
l^'oiD one to other, I aball his name bo diyue 
That euermwe without eidngiushmeut 
In bumyng tonguo, he aball be pi 

Unto this day, laygneth the hye renowne 
Of tha worthy Hector, prince Tyctoiioua 
About ia sprrade, in euery region and toime 
His noble actes, and courage chyualroua. 
In full many bokes, right delicious 
Unto the readen, who list to geue audience 
To heare report, of byi great excellence 

And in likewise, duke Josue (he gent 
Whiche was right strong, and fierce in battayle 
Whose noble feates, hyghe and eicelient 
I haue caused, with diligent trauayle 
To abide in bdcet, without any fajle 
Who list bis story, for (o aee or here 
In the Bible it dotfae well appeaie. 

Also the noble and hardy feates of warre 
Of Judas Macbaheus, I about haue cast 
In euery naeion, for to raygne a&rre 
Though that his life, out of this woride be pi 
His fame shall prospeie, and shall neuer was 
Thus witb my power, ixf euery worthy 
I qmade hii dedes, in tongues of memory. 

Did not kyng Dauid, a [yona iawes taare 
In his tender youlhe, he so hardy was 
Tbe iyons cruettye, might nothing faim fear 
And after tliat, he slew great Gidua 
All in his tyme, he did in bonoure pane 
And I dame Fame, without any doubt 
Haue spreade bis name, in all the woride al 

Alao kiDg Aleiamler, the noble conquemuie 

A be oueithrowcn 

And of the worthy Cenr Juliua 

All about, wyth golden beames hryght 

His name shall dure, and be full gloriotis 

In all the vorlde, with ardaum tongues lyght 

His fame shall laygne, be hath it wonne by right 

For to abide, and euer to augment 

Withouten let, or yet impediment. 

Also yet Arthur, the good kyng of Britayne 
With all his knightes, of the rounde table 
I imwe dame Fame, shall make to remayne 
Tlieir worthy actes, hygli and bonounble 
Perpetually, for to be commendable 
In royall bokei, and gestes historiall 
Their fame is knowen, ryght hye tryumphalL 

And then Charles, the great kyng of Fnua 
"With all hifl noble dousepers also 
As Roulande and Oliuer, of his alyaunce 
With all tbe residue, and many other mo 
llieir fame encreaseth, runnyng to and bo 
The bard; dedes, did them magnifye 
Unto me Fame, their names lo noUi^. 

And Oodfiey of Boleyn, of hardy courage 
That of the paynyms warme the victory 
Hia worthy actes did theyr strength aiwage 
Whose fame renowned is full openly 
About the world reygnyng so royally 
In flamyng tbnguea lo be intelligible 
Hia most hie actea so much inuindble. 

And in lykewyse wythout abaCment 

I shall cause for to be memoryal 

Tbe famous actes so highe beneuolent 

Of Graunde Amoure my knyght in apeciall 

Hys name shall dure aud be etemall 

For though bis body be wrqit in cUye 

Yet his good fame shall remayne alwaye 

And ryght anooe she called Ren 

Commoundyng her ryght truely for lo wrytB 
Both of myne actes uid my gouenuunce 
Wbych than ryght lone b^an to endyte 
Of my feates of armes, in a short respyte 
Whose goodly sEoriea, in longuea seuoaU 
About were sent, for to be peipetuall. 

And thus I Fame, am euer magniSed 

When earth in euth, hath tane his estate 

Thus after death, I am all glorified 

What is he nowe, that can my power abals 

Infinite I ani, nothing can me mate 

The spryng of honour, and of &mous clarkcB 

My seife I am, to renowne thdr wa^ea. 

And aa dame Fame, 

with marueyloua likmct 


Soi)miic17 came Tjwit, in breiuocion 
WboK dmilitude, I aball mnone eipmw 
Aged he ni, wyth a botde doubtte* 
Of vnlawem fesderi, hiv nyngei werv loog 
Hn tK>d]t federed, he was hye and stmag. 

In his left hamle, he bad an horolDgy 
And in hia lyght hande, a lyre braiDTDg 
A imrde about him, gTTte full lurely 
Hi> leggea armed, clearclj ahTnynge 
And on hia noddle, darkelf flamjng 
Vb> Kt Satume, pale ai aay leade 
And JopiUT, anuddea hii forehesde. 

Iq the moutbe Man, and in his right winge 
Wh pendent Pbebus, with hii golden bearaei 
And in his breait, there k*« ivpleodiihyng 
Hi* thioyng Venus, with depored streames 
That all about, did cast her fjrye leamei 
Ib his left wynge Mercury, and aboue hit waste 
Was honed Djane, her oppowCion past. 

M; name quod he, is in diuisiDn 
As time was, time is, and the time fulurv 
1 mamaile mucbe, of the preaumptlDn 
Of thee dame Fame, so puttyng in ire 
Tlij great praise, saiyng it shall endure 
For to be infinite, euermure in pnaie 
Scfiig that 1 tball all Ihj honoure cease. 

SbO not I Hm^ dcstroj botbe mb and lande 

The Sonne, and mone, and the starres all 

Bj lujuaann. thou shalt fodanlande 

At iaM ffaaJl lese, their course in graerall 

Ob time past, it Tayleth not to call 

Ndwc bj ttna bortdoge it dothe well q>p«au« 

Tbat 1117 Iwt name, dothe euermore draw neare. 

b BI7 li^t hande, the gnat fire so femoit 
Shall bume the time, and also minyihe 
Hie Mall "-" g "**! for it is aoddent 
L'lriD me Tfane, all thinges to perysbe 
Win mj lasts ende, I shall accompfishe 
A^ ttana in laine, thou hast thy laboun i^ent 
When by me Hme, tbou dialt be so brent. 

b Co^es aigbt, ai dtie prabadon 
Of Us godhade, whiehe is inl^^ible 
To whom nothing, am be impoasible 
For in my lelfe, a bye and sufficient 
Bfftre all thinges be was refulgent. 

CiMo wbom onely, is sppaiuince 
Of ny lait ende, as mine origynall 
Wm in bb s^rt, without doubtaunee 
For enely of bym, it is espedall 
71k bye power, and godhead infinall 
TW ftitnn tcnoe, to knowe dyrectly 
l^to wfaom, it appeareth openly. 

I ma the lodcMarre, to dame Etemide 
Vhni man of earth, hath his creation 
Afka (be minute, ot bis natiuitie 
He taketh tlm his 
Upon me Tyme, al 
In the same houne, t 
Originally, I take m 

Coulde the nine wonhyes so yyelorlous. 
Do all their actea, without time ot space 
T^rme ii a thing, bothe gaye and glorious 
When it pasieth, with vertue and grace 
Han in this worlde hath a dwelljFOg plaeo- 
Eyther hell or heauen, without leasyng 
Alway be getteth, in his time spendyng. 

Withouten tyme is lu earthly thing 
Mature, fortune, or yet dame SaquHice 
Hardines, cleargy, or yet leamyng 
Past, future, or yet in presence 
Wherfore I am, of more hye prcemioencs 
Aa cause of fame, honoura and cleaigy 
Tbey can nothing, without him magnify. 



Lure In augment 
Do not I Time, cause nature to decay 
Do not I Time, cause man to be present 
Do not I Time, lake his lyfe away 
Do not I Time, cause deMh take his says 
Do not I Tyme, passe his youth and age 
Do not 1 Time euery thing asswage. 

In time, Troy the dtye was edified 
By tyme alio, was the destroction 
Nothing without tyme, can be fortified 
No earthly ioye, nor tribulatian . 
Without tyme, is for to suffer pasdon 
The tyme of earth, was our destruction 
And the tyme of earth, was our redemption 

Adam of earth, Sonne of Tirginitie 

And Eue by God, of Adam create^ 

These two, the worlde dampned in ccitainetie 

By disobedience, so foule and tycyate 

And all other, tlien from them generate 

Tyll peace, and mercy, made ryght to cncline 

Out of the Lyim, to enter the Vyrgyn. 

like as the woride, was destroyed totally 
By the Tyigyiu sonne, so it semed well 
A tytgyns sotme, to redeme it pytsouily 
Whose bye Godbeade, in the chosen vessell 
Forty w^cs, naturally did dwell 
Nature wekcs, naturally did God of kinda 
In the virgyn, he did sucfae nature fiode. 

lliua without nature, nature wondenly 
In a lirgyn pure, openly hath wrought 
To the God of nature, nothing truely 
Impossible i^ for he made of nought 
Nature first, whicbe naturyng hath taught 
Naturately, right naturate to make 
Why may not he tben,_lhe pure nature take. 

By his Godbeade, of the virgyn Mary 
His elect mother, and arcke of testament 
Of holy churche, the blessed luminary 
After the birthe, of her sonne excellent 
Virgyn she was, jet alwaj permanent 
Disnullyng the sectes, of tslw ydolatry 
And castyng downe, the fatall heresy. 

Thus when I Tyme, in euery nacion 
Raygned in rest, and also in peace 
And Octauian, in his domination 
Through the worlde, and the peopled preacs 
Letters had sent, his honoure to encreasa 
or all the number, for to be certain* 
t For to obej him, ts tt 

In whose tin* God Inkc Ml oMinhU 
For to redeme n, wWi hn prcdom tdoude 
Ftom the ihuih bonds, of great miquide 
Ui> hart ma p«(M, (rnifrng on the rode 

Some to haue mj«, some pa^ne etemu 
Then I un put, I Duy IM wnfs be 
And after me, it d«ne £taniitie. 

And thiu M Tfn» mide hb condnioni 
Etonitic in e ftjre white leMure 
To the temple enae, witfi iriiole (SMiioa 
And (m bO' hol t, a djademe right poie 
With Ihre crownM, afpraeiaiu tnaaan 
EtBtillie ifae nied, I im nowe doubtln 
Of heauoi quene, and of hell cmprceK* 

Elnt Ood nude houHB, hi* profMn' hebitade, 
llough that his powat, be in euery plane 
In eteme heauen, ia hii tabrtnacle 

Time rennadi alway, hii ande to embraoe 

Nowe I mj wife, thall haue no endyng 
And mj maker had no begjnuytig. 

In heaaen and bell, I an eonliiitialtir 
Without«i ende, to be in eitinguisuble 
A> euermore, to rajrne fiiH rojallj 
Of euer; dang, I am imnncibte 
Man of mjr power, ihaM be intelligible 
When the aoule, ihall riae againrt the body 
To haue iudganuot, to liue etenially. 

In beouen or hell, ai be dothe de«nia 
Wbo that loueth Ood aboue euery thing 
All his coroaundemenles be will then olxerue 
And ipende Us tjme, in Tertuous liuyng 
Idlenei wil euermore be eschuj^ge 
Etemall io^e, he dull then attayne 
Aftv hii labouTB, and bii bua; pajne 

What ia it like, btrt a blaat t>f winde 
For you tboxif, can haue no certaintie 
It is nowe so ftdl, of mutdiiiitie 
Set Dot your mynde, »pon worldly weaMi 
But euermore, rc^arde your loules heahli. 

When earth in earth, hatfa tme Us «an«pt taete 

Then to repent, it ii ftir you to lata 

When you haue time, <|wnde it notUag in waste 

Tyme past with vettue, miiit enter the gate 

or ioye and blyiae, witt mine bye eatate 

Without tyme, for to be eueriiityi^ 

Whiche Cod giaunt n, at our laat eadyi^ 

Nowe blened lady of the health etamall 
Tbe quene of eoaifart, and of lieauenly glory 
Praye to thy twete Banna, wbicba it iidnal 
To geue me grace, to winne the Tictory 
Of tbe deuill, the wozMe, and c£ my body 
And that I may, my lelib well fplj 

Unto all Fottaa, I do me excnae 
If that I ofibide, tbr ladce of idence 
This little bake, yet' do ye Ml trAoc 
Tliougb it be deuoyde, of fitmous eloquence 
Adde ar iautif, by your kye wpieaee 
And pardon ne, «Fmy kyc aoMffriaa 
Whiche of bti, *ii ftbia did fijM and datiiw. 

Go little boke, I piay Ood the mm 
From nnaae metiyng, by wrong i w ppewian 
And who that eucr, liat the for to haue 
That be perceyue, well thyne intendon 
For to be pounded, wytfaout poeiumptioa 
Ai for to eachue, the q^nne of ydleuea 
To make sucb bokei, 1 apply my huainna 

Besedyng God, tor to gere me grace 
Bokei to compyle, of morall vertue 
Of my master Lidgata, to fidowc the (race 
His noble bme, for to laude and renue 
Whiche in bis lyfe, the slouthe did eadme 
Makyng great bokei, to be in memoiy 
On wboae loule, I army God haue mercy. 

t, Google 


Hnar HowAmn, wm of Thorm Eul of Surrey, 
and aftcrww^ diird Duke of Korfolk, u suppoaed 
lo ban bcm bom either at FrvmlinghBTD In 9u9blk, 
IK at Kemdngbiill, bia gnndbther's principal place 
ttnaadgBCK, in NotfoUi. It had become the fiuhion 
in Ugfa life M giTe both vnes a learned education : 
that baluou waa encouraged by Henry VIII., ai it 
had hem bj his fiither ; and name at the flnt and 
fidmt fniita of it were seen in this moM illunrioui 
tl tb* Howard There ia sn unsupported tn- 
ddoB, bnt probable id itarit; that he irai placed at 
Wobcr'a new College, in Orford; and the fact that 
ht mt cboaoi High Steward of the other Unitenitj' 
alwiis strong preaumption that be bdouged to 
Candaidge. Bifoie he was liiteen, however, hia 
«dii>laatic edu ca tion was finiahed, and he waa con- 
Bacted to the l^dj Franoes Vara, duigMer of John 
Enlaf Oxfbrd. That aame year he wai uiiu of the 
Bufalca who BccODipsnied Henij VIII. to his inter- 
tiew with the French King at Boulogne ; and at the 
imaialiiiil of Anne Boleyn be carried the fourth 
Enad, with (be scabbard, upright, before the King, 
■ TepreMntadTe of his fiither-in-Iaw, the Lord High 
□■mbKUin. He lired in tlie closest intimacv 
wiOi HenrT's natural son, the Duke of Richmond, 
w]>o was at iliat time betrothed to his only aiater, the 
Iddy Uarj Howard, and some at bis happiest di^ 
■m pMt with Qds friend at Windsw. 

Hm wsa an age in which a dear price was paid 
<■- pt«-eauiMnce in rank. Anne Boleyn wm his 
kovwomaA Aod bis friend ; yet Sunvy was compelled 
to ipfcar at her iniquitou* trial, as representing 
^ btha in the diancter of Earl Manbal ; the 
Doke in hii own person prending as Lord High 
Steward. He waa one of the chief mourners at the 
fitaeral of Queen Jane, and one of the defendants 
in the jooata upon the marriage of Queen Anne of 
Clerea. Soon aflerwards he was made Knight of the 
Garter. This was the season of his highest favour. 
It waa followed by (Usgrace and imprisonment far 
hanng diallenged John i Leigh, of Stockwall, upon 
a priiKtc quarrel- On his release he accompanied 
las btlier lo the war in Scotland, and waa present 
wl«n Kilaal waa burnt. He bad then to answer 
btfiire (be Privy Council upon two charges : the one 
ni for emttog meat in Lent; the other {or breaking 
windows in the atreeta of London with a cross-bow 
IB the dewl o^ ni|^t. For the first he pleaded a 
Hrrwir, but confessed that ha bad nude use of it too 
publicly; for the second he made the strange excuse, 
Aat being shocked at tbe licentjousuess of the 
'M.^nf, be thought that by tbus alarming them he 
nught put them in mind of the auddenoesa of God's 
jkdgnwnt^ and so awaken them to repentance. 
Wyitt was ime of his companions in this freak of 
Inaticiam, and they were both committed to tbe 
Fleet for iu 

Surrey is next found dietinguiahing himielf at the 
oqe of I^ndrecy. At that sic^ Bonner, who was 
' ' ' s, invited Hadrian 

JvinstoEngkiid. WhenAH dlMk^aUMil hImIm' 
arrived, Bonner wot e d csAar Ae wirani, er, mare 
probably, the hesM, to aaaist him ; but Bm^ tMfc 

gave him « pwiiion of fifty mgds. iUnoIlhesaoie 
time be received C hr eh y si'd isla his boose ; wIm 
was tfaanafaapcAdbaT,Bidwboinhif<dd age bora 
gratefVil teatlanany to baa bnwAietor'i irenfa. fntfea 
campaign of 1 544 be was Maidial oTthe Anny, and 
widi his fiitlMr csBducled the sieee (tf Maaaciiil : 
there he was dangainiialy woiuided in mt attsaipl » 
take the place bjr ftann j bat l a uwe d in time M 
cover the retreat, a&d so to ptove that the fUlm* at 
tbe Megehas Mot bea owiiig «d asy mot nf aklH 
or eoueagoon hi* pant. 

He h«l D^ ibe miiiiiiiil at Ginnea, and Abd 
at Boulagin, from whence be was Kxn ranovad 
Ihnnigfa the Jeakmay, a* he believed, «f Hvtford 
(afterwards the PrMeelor Seymour), to wliom be was 
indebted tbr aiaiiy HI ofBces; aiidfbrtb 
which be eipieastd with characteriMi 
waa impriaiiiisd in Windaor Caslla^ 

more in favoor j 
tbe Tower, and 
brought (0 trial upim a prepoeMraua charge of 
high treasda, in wUch his ^Hier was invcdved. 
Heitfnrd, lAo has crimes enough upon his head, is 
supposed ts have soa rtit his deMmction in order la 

?afa» mi£ tls aw au j ; and anwy'aonly 

widow of Ui danatlMBd— of that 

livea of her &Bhv and bv bsoUur < Tbe Duke waa 
saved by HMiy's timely death; but Surrey, in tbe 
fiowcr of his age, was beheadad a Aw days baftm 


said, that OD tbe birth of Us al^M sd% As 
child's nativity VM cart,aDd Ibe adieoie riiawijniiil s 
prognoaticatioa of his owB untim^ deatb. 

Few poets, iriat have mniltai so Unla, bs*« pro- 
duced so great an eAct apon the Utnatve of tbafa- 
country. In dra be r eei mM es Ua wintew^pargj 
Garcihuo, wiHi ndHMS be has odier pcjats ef taaenk 
blance : but Garalaso wrote in a language wUcfa 
was more formed ; and Ibougfa ha aActed the Aatdon 
of his oouMry'* poetry as nudi, was Ittr fVom im- 
proving it in is equal dagrea. Surrey «n the drat 
Engliah p«at who wrote metrically ; and the fliat 
who ued blank nne, — flat vene whidi, tir it* 
peculiar and OMiiant a da|i «a liou to the Englidi 
language^ ooRbt to be called tbe Englisfa meaa u re. 
He irrota alto <be BtM Eo^ish loniwtB ; and be need 
the temal rhyme of Dania, — a metre, hy it* solemn 
continui^, BO euiled lo grave aubjects, that some poet 
will surely one day make for himself ■ lading 
reputation by worthily employing it 


Thi ninne hath twin brought forth hii t 

Twige cUd the earth in liueEy lustineue ; 

Onea hare the windea the Ifeei (tiipojled dene. 

And onea again begins their cruelnesne, 

Kns I hauB hid under my breiC the hanne. 

That neuer ahal recouer heaitbfulnesae. 

The winteia hurt recoueis with the wanne : 

Tbe parched greoe restored in «ith shade : 

What wnnnth, alaal may serue for to diMUine 

Tbe Anen hart, that mine in flame batb made? 

What cold Bgaine ia able to restore 

Hy freah grene feres, that wither thus aod &de ? 

AUs ! I se nothing hath hurt so sore. 

But Time, in time, reduceth a returne : 

Jn time my haime iocreaseth more and more, 

And semes to haue my core ilwayes in scome : 

Stnuge lundes of death, in life that I do triej 

At hand to melt, farre off in flame to bume. 

And lyke as time list to my cure apply. 

So ikith eche place my comfort cleane refuse. 

Al thyng alive, that seeth the heauens with eye, 

V/ith clolie of night may cauer, and excuse 

It telfe from traTaile of the dsyes uoreat, 

Saue I, alas ! against al others use. 

That then stirre up the torments of my breat. 

And curse eche sierre as causer of my fate. 

And when the sunne hath eke the Amikt opprcst. 

And brought the day, it doth nothiiig abate 

The tranules of mine endlesse amart and paine j 

For then as one that balh tile l^ht in hate, 

I with for night, more couertly to pUine ; 

And me withdraw from OTerj haunted place. 

Lest by my chere my diance appete to plaine : 

And in my mynde I measure pace by pace. 

To seke the place whne I my self had lost, 

Iliat day that 1 was (angled in the lace. 

In ieming skck, that knitteth erer mosL 

But never yet tfie trauaile of my thought, 

Of belter state could catch a nine to host : 

For if I fbimde, some time that I have sought. 

Those sterres by whom I trusted of llie port, 

Hy lailes do fall and I advance right nought ; 

As ankerd fast my spiriles doe all resort 

To stand agated, and sink in more and more 

Tbe deadly harme which she doth take in sport 

Lo, if I aeke, bow do I finds my sort ? 

And yf I flee, I cary with me sdll 

The Teuomd shaft, which doth hit force restore 

By haste of Bigbtt And I may plaine my fill 

Unto my self, imlesse this carefi^l song 

Print in your hart some parcel of my tene 

For I, alas ! in silence all to long. 

Of mine old hurt yet felt the wound but giene, 

Eue on my life, or els your cruel wrong 

Shall wtH tgpeie, and by my deth be soie. 


Tm soote letaor, that bud and blome forth biii^g^ 
With grene hath clad the bill, and eke the vale : 

The nightingale with (ethers new she sings : 
The turtle to her mate hath told her talc: 
Somer is come, for euery spray now springs : 
The but bath hong hii old hed on the pale ; 
'Die buck in brsike his winter coate he flings: 
Tlje flsbes flete with new repaired sole -, 
The adder all her slough away she ilinga ; 
The swift Bwalow purtueth the fiies smale ; 
The busy bee her bony now she mings, 
Winter is wome, that was the flowers bale. 
And tbUB I Be among these pleasant things 
' Eche care decayes ^ and yet my sorow firings. 


Whiv somer toke in hand the winter lo assail, ' 
With force of might, and vertue great, his storm; 
blasts to quail ; 

And when he clothed faire the earth about with grene. 
And every tree new garmented, (hat pleasure wa* 

Mine hart gan newreuiue,Bnd changed blood did -stur 
Me to withdniwe my wynter woes, that kept 

Abrode. quod my desire, assay to set thy folc 

Where thou shalt finde tbe savour awete, for 
iprong is eueiy rote. 
And to thy health, if thou were uck in any case, 

he spring tbe aire to 


Tliere shalt thou heare and se al kyndes of binles 


their voice wjth waihle smal, aa naturo 

hem tought 

Thus pricked me my lust the sluggish houw to leaue: 
And for my health I thought it best such counsel 

I on a morow furth, vnwist of any wight, 

I went to proue how well it icoulite my beauy 

burthen light 

And in their si 

me-thought they thanked n 

Tliat by her license al that yere to loue their 

happe was such. 
Right as they could deuise to chose them ferea 

With much reloynng to their Ijird thus flew 

tbejr al about. 



Winch when I gan reaoluc, uid in mj tKwA mn- 

ccBue [birda rece*ue ; 

Wbat pleuuit \yte, what h«]i« of joy these little 

And law in what estate I wery nun was wrou^E, 

B; muit of that they had at will, and I rcitct it 

nought ; 

Lixd, bow I gtn in wratli Tnwinely me demesne ! 

I ctined Loue and him ilelied : I thou^t to 


Tltat J, 

« hert did ac 

} of whieh kiuiu 
I, nie-ttought, wi 

Biit here 1 ma; percaTe mine eirour si and some, 
Far tbat I thought that u it waa ; jret was it bI 

And bI that waa no mon but mineeiprened mind 
ThM bine would haue some good reliefe of Ci 
pide wd asrinde. 

I tunwd home forthwith and might perceiue it we 
Hiat he agreued was right sore with me for xr 

X, h 

i« haue, euer noce, encreascd more and 

let me be vnto je loners aU ; [more. 

It with Loue, for if je do, it will ye thus 

FioM Ttu&ane came my ladies wo:tli7 ntce : 

Wibk CWmbera difs, did gyve her liuely heate : 
FoMied «he was with milke of Irish breit { 
Ho- aiiv, an Erie ; her dame of prineei blood : 
Fram icD^n' yerea, in Britain she doth rest 
With kioges childe, where the taiteth eoatly food: 

Bright ia her bewc, and Genldine slie hif_ 
Uimptoa me tnujtht to wiihe ber Brst for mine : 
A^ Windsor, alas, doth chase me from her sight. 

Her beaa^ of kind, her Teituea from aboue ; 

Uappj is he, that can oblaine ber lone ! 

Tberaf die gift is small and shon the season ; 
FlDwimg to Aaj, to motowe apt to faiie i 
Piddl treasure, abhorred of leasm: 
DatRigrrous to ded with. Tains, of none auule ; 
Coadyic ' ' ' 

lewell of jeopardte Hat peril dutli assaile ; 
False and Tntnie, enticed oft lo (reiaoa i 
Enmy to youth, tliat must inay 1 bewsile : 
All, bitter swetc, infecting as tlie poyson. 

Tbou forest )H fhite that with die fVost is taken. 
To day redy ripe, to morowe all to shaken. 




llie beasies, the ayer, the birdes iheir songe 

The nigbtes chare the staiTes aboute doth bring : 

So am not I, whom loue alas doth wring, 
Bringing before my &ce the great encrease 
Of my desires, wherat I wepe and sing. 
In joy and wo, as in a doubtful case : 
For my swete thoughtes, sometime do pleasure bii 
But by and by the cause of my disease 
GeTCB me a pang, tiiat inwardly doth sting, 
When that I thinke what grief it is againe. 
To liue and lack the thing should rid my paine. 


Whim Windsor walla susteiniid my weaiied aime 
My hand my chin, to ease my tcstlene hed : 
The pleasant plot reueated green with wanne, 
The blossomed bowes with lusty Vcr yapred, 
Tlie flowred meades, the wedded birdes so late 
Mine eyes discouer : and Co my minde resorte 
The joly woe^, the hoti^less abort debate. 
The rakebell life that longta to loucs diapcRte ; 
Wherewith, alas, the beauy ciiarge of care 
Heap! in my breast bnyjuea forth, againit my will, 
in smcAy sigbes, that ouercaat the ayer, 
My vapord eyes luch drery teate* distill, 

"" ■ ' spriiw which quicken where they fall. 

And I balfe b( 

r downc withaJL 


In presence prest of people madde or wise ; 
Set me in hye, or yet in low degree ; 
In longest night, or in the sbortest dsye : 
Id clearest shue, or where cloudes thickest be ; 
In lusty youth, or when my beerea are graye : 
Set me in heaueo, in earth, or els in beU, 
In byll or dale, or in the foming Qood, 
'ITuall, or at large, aliue whereso I dwell, 
Sicke or in health, in euill fame or good : 
Hen will I be, and onely with this Ihougllt 
Content my self, although my chaunce be uougl 


I KKVEA sawe my I^ady laye Bpart* 

Her coniel blackc, in colde nor yet in heate, 

Silh fyral she Itnew my griefe was growen M gnte ; 

Wliiciie other fansies driueth ft 

loughl reierue, 
Jund my woefui bJ 

That to m) 

'Itie whidi unvares • 

But on her face mini 

Yet Bins she knew 1 did 

Her golden tresua cladd 

Her smyling lokes that I 

A nd that restninn whiclie i uesire to sure : 

So dothe ibys comet goueme me alacke : 

In iioaier, sunne : in winters breathe, a froMe : 

Wherby the light of her faire lokea I low. 


Tua golden gift that nature did the giie, 
To fasten freiidet and f«de them at thy will ; 
With fouime and Emiout, tau^t me to beleue. 
How thou arte made to sbowe her greatert ikili 
Whose hidden Tertues are not so Tnknowen, 
But lively dames migbtp gather at the first 
Where beauty so her perfecte seede hath sowen. 
Of other graces fulow nedes there must. 
Now certesae ladie, sio* all thys i> true, 
That from aboue thy giftes are thus elect ! 
Do not deface them than with fanaies newe. 
Nor change of mindea let not the minde infect : 
But mercy hym thy frende, that doth thee serT^ 
Who sekea always thine honour to preaerue. 


So cruel prison, how could betide, alas 1 
At prouiia Windsor : where I in lust and ioye, 
Wythe a kynges eonne >, my childishe yeres did puie, 
Id greater fiiasl, than Priam's Soonea of Troye : 
When echo sweta place rehmwB a taste full sower ; 
The large grcne courtes where we were wont to hore, 
With eyes cast vp into the mayden tower, 
A nd «uie sighes, such aa folk drawe in Loue j 
Hie stately Kates, the ladies bright of bewe ; 
The daunce* shorte, long tales irf' great delight 
With wordes and lokes, that tygers could but rewe. 
Where ech of va did pleade the others right. 
The twime piay, where, despoyled for the game, 
Widi daicd yies oft we by gteames of loue, 
Haue mist the ball, and gote sighte of our dame, 
To bayte her eyes, whicb kept the lead* aboue.* 
The grauell grounde, wythe sleues tide on the helme 
On fomyng horse, with swordea and friendly baites; 
With cbcor a> though one should another whelnie. 
Where we haue fought, and cliased oft wiifa dartes ; 
With siluer droppes the meade yet spred for ruthe. 
In actiue games of nimblene* and Hrength, [youth. 
Where we did atraine, tiayned with swannea of 
Our tender limmes, that yet shot Tp in length : 

The secrete grone* which (rft wa made rwounila. 
Of picasaunt playnt, and of our ladies pniae, 
IteiXHiiing oft what grace ech one had bunde, 
Wbacjiope ofapede, what drede of long delayeai 
The wiide forest, the clothed holies with greiM, 
*"'' h rayns auailed and swift yhreathed hone ; 

li crie of bounde* and mery blaate* belwau^ 
Where we did chase the fearful harte of force. 
Tile wide vales eke, that harborde vi eche nighte, 

irwith, alas, reuiueth in mybrtst 
Hie iwete accorde, such slepes as yet delight, 

secrete tbougbtes imparled with such trust, 
wanton talke, the diuers change of play. 
The frendship swome, eclie promise kept so iust ; 
Wberwith we p«t the winter night away. 
And with this thought, the bloud forsakes the face. 
The teares berayne my cbekea of deadly hewe. 
The wliyche aa sone as sobbing sighea, elaa, 
Upsupped have, thus I my plaint renewe : 
O place of blisse ! renuer of my woea, 
Giue me accompt, where is ray noble fere ; 
Whom in thy nlles thou dost ech night aiiGlase ; 
To other leefe, but unto me most dere ; 
Eccho alas, that doth my sorow rewe, 
Rettims therto a holiowe sounde of playnte. 
ThuB I alone, were all my fied<Hne gnwOf 
In prison pine with bondage and restrainte. 
And with remembrance of the greater gteel^ 
To banish (he leoe, I find my cbeefe reledi), - 


Givx place, ye louers, here before, 
llial spent your bostet and braggea in i 
My ladies beawty pMacth more. 
The bffat of yours, I dare well sayoi. 
Then doth the aunne the candle light ; 
" 'irigiiteat day the darkeat night. 

And therto hath a troth ea juM, 
As had Penelope the laire. 
For what she sayth, yc may it tiuat. 

As by it writing sealed were : 

Than I 

rith pen have 

nww duke of RlcbmDnd. W. 
bdlss were rannd on a* laaiU « I 

The whole effect of Natures plaint. 
When she had lost the perfite mould. 
The like to whome she could not paint : 
With wringyng hands, how die did aj. 
And what she said, I know it, I. 

I knowe she swore with raging "^■**'^* 
Her kingdome onely act apart ; 
There was no loisc, by lawe of kinde, 
Tliat could haue gone so nere her hart ; 
And this was chefely ail her paine. 
She could not make the like againe. 

Sith Natuie thtu gaue her the praiafj 
To be tbe chefeat worke die wraught f 
In fiutb me thinka some bettar mjtm. 
On youi- bdialfe nugbt wdl be aoi^ht. 
Hen to compare te jou baua done) 
- - - I audi* indm tfaa aiBM. 

■ To 



Tbcmu SACETtLLi WW boRi Bt Budihunt, in the 
jaiiA at WjtbiaDi, in Suuei. Richud Sackville, 
^q. ITU hia father, aAer whose death, hit mother 
muiiRl John Powlet, Uarquia of Winchester. He 
nndied fint at Hut HaJl, Oxford ; and after resid- 
ing there HMne time, remored to Cainbridge fur \ 
■Int wliile onlj, and there hod a Master's degree 
on him, having distinguished himself 
9 by hii compositioiiii in English 

ia both UnJTc 

Temple, and w 


t the 

, Sackville wu employed in the 
lODM important negocLitionB, and held die highest 
oBca- It ma his paiuful charge to act as one of 
tla cnmuisaoiierB for the trial of Mary, Qjieea of 
Scots, and to ccnnmunicate her sentence to her, and 
be piLjtut M its eiecutioD. He sat also as Lord 
Hi^ Steward, in judgement upon Eisei ; and 

able life. He was knighted in Eliubetb's prcwncc 
hy the Duke of Nocfulk, and at the same time raised 
to the peerage by the title of Baron Buckhurst^ the 
Order of the Garter was given him, and he wu 
chosen Chancellor of the University cif Oxford. 
After Burleigh's death he succeeded him as Lord 
Treasurer: James, who created him Earl of Dorset, 
continued him in that high station, which he held 
till, in the eighty-first year of his age, he died, at the 
council table, of serous apopleiy, leaving an un- 
blemished memory in murderous times. 

Pew as his poems ore, they are singularly im- 
portant. With Norton he was joint author of our 
first regular tragedy ; and the induction to the single 
legend, which he contributed to the Mirror for 
Magistrates, was imitated by Spenser, not in parti- 
cular paasagei alone, and in the character of its 
allegory, but in its cast of language, and in the flow 
of its terse. 



Tn wiadifuU wi 

Vuh blustring bloste* had al ybaied the treen. 

And aide Sattiroua with his frosty &ce 

Wkfc fhming cdde had pearst the tender green ; 

Ik —*"'*'■ rent, wherein enwrapped been 

IV gladsom grores that nowe laye overthrowen. 

Tit (^c(a tome, and every blotne down blowen. 

B*d dad the earth) now B4»vaa blactea downe bltmc 
Aad small fowlea ilockillgi in their soQg did rewe 
TW nnteis wiadi, wbei with ache thing daAMa 
la n&l wiaa bai^lad Iba fonmer past. 

Hawthotne had lost his motley lyverje, 

The naked twigges were shivering aU for colde ; 

And dropping downe the teares abundantly i 

Ecbe tbing (me thou^t) with weping eye me tolde 

The cTuell season, bidding me witholde 

My selfe within, fbr I was gotten out 

Into tbe feldea whereas I walkte ahout. 

When loe tbe night with mistie mantels spred, 
CsQ dorke the daye, and dim tbe axure skyea. 
And Venus in her message Hermei sped 
To bluddy Mars, to wyl him not to ryse, 
While she her aalfe approcht in qieedy wise ; 
And Virgo hiding ber diadainful hrest 
With Thelia now had layd her downe to rest. 

Whiles Scorpio dreading Sagittarios dart. 
Whose bowe pi«M bent in dght, the string had slypl, 
Down* dyd into the ocoui flud aparte, 
Tbe Beare Ibat in (be IrTsbe seas had dipt 
His niedj fMUk wjjih spaede from tlwnoe be wtajpt i 
K B 

Wis prest to enter in hia renting place. 
Ciytllius that id the carte tynte went 

I lad even now attaynde hia Journeys stent 
And [out declining hid away his head. 
While Titan couched bim in bis purple bed. 

And pale Cinthea with her borowed light 
Beginning to supply her brotbera place. 
Was pan the noonsteede eyre degreen in sight. 
When sparkling ataires amyd the heavens &ce 
Wiib twinkling light sheen on the earth apace. 
That whyle they brought about the tiightes chare 
Tlie darke had dimmed the day ear I was ware. 

And Boroving I to see the sommer flowcn 
Tlie livly greene, the lusty leas forlorne, 
The sturdy trees so shattered with the abowers, 
Tlie fields so fade that floorisht so beforne 

II (aught me wel all earthly thinges be borne 

To dye the deadi, tor nought long time may last j 
Tie sonimers beauty yeeldes to winteiB blasL 

Then looking upward to tbe beBTer» leames 
With mgbtes stBrTeB thick powdred erery where. 
Which erst so glistened with the golden stttsmes 
Tliat cheareTull Pbebus spread downe fromhisspheie 
Beholding darite opprcsang day so neare : 

Tliat musing oo this worldly wealth in thought. 
Which comes and goes more faster than we we 
The flyckering flame that with the fyer is wrought. 
My busie minde presented unto me 
Such foil of pieies as in this reahne had be : 
That ofte I witht some would their woes deactyv^ 
To warns the rest whom fimune left alive. 

And stnyt forth stalking i 

For that I sawe the night drewe on so fo^ 

In blacke all clad there fell before m; Gkc 

A piteous wigfat, whom woe bad al forwaite, 

Fujth from her iyen tha cristall teares oudins^ 

And syghing sore her handes she wrong and felde, 

Tate al ber bam, that mtti was to beholde. 

Her body saiall forwitliered and fereipent, 
As is tbe stalk that sommers drought q>pre« t ; 
M*r wealkcd face with wofiil teaies berprent. 
Her colour p^e, and (as it secmd her best) 
In woe and playnt repoaed was her rest. 
And as the stone that droppce of water wearc* ; 
So doited *her her cberke* with ftll of tearet. 

Her iyes swollen with flowing Micanies aAote, 
Wherewith her lookes throweii up full piteouslie, 
Her forceles handes together ofte she smote, 
Whh doteAil shrikes, that echoed in tbe skye: 
Whose playnt such nghes dyd strayt accompany. 
That in my doome was nerer man did sec 
A wight but halfe so vroe begon aa sb& 

. ItK 

That while my hearc* upstarted with tbe sight. 
The teires out itreamde for soruwe of her smart : 
But when I sawe no ende that could iqiarte 
The deadly dewie, irbich she so sore dyd make. 
With dolefull Toice then thus to her I spake. 

Unwrap thy woes what ever wigbt thou be. 
And stint betimc to spill thy selfe wyth playnt; 
Tell what thou art, and whence, (or well I see 
Thou canst not dure with sorowc thus attaynt. 
And with that worde of sorrowe all fDrfaynt 
She looked up, and prostrate aa sbe lays 
With piteous sound k>e thus she gan (o saye. 

Alas I I wretche whom tbiii tboa seest dislreyned 
With wasting woes that never shall aslake, 
Sorrowe I am, in endeles toimentes payned. 
Among tbe furies in the iofemall lake : 
Where Pluto god of bel so griesly blacke 
Doth hold his throne, and Lrlheui deadly tasts 
Doth rieve remembrsunce of eche thyng forepast. 

Whence come I am, the drery destinie 

And luckelea lot for to bemone of those. 

Whom fortune in this maie of rnisetie 

Of wretched chaunce mod wofull myrroun cboM 

Tlat when thou sees! bow lightly they did loae 

Tbeyr pope, theyr power, and that they tboogbt 

! deeme DO earthly joy may duiv. 

most tt 

Thou nwyest^so 

Whose rufull voyce no sooner had out brayed 
Those woful wDordes, wherewith she sanowed so. 
But out alas ! she ehryght and never slayed, 
FeU downe, and all to dasht her selfe for woe. 
The cold pale dread my lymea gan overgo 
And I so sorrowed at her sorowei eft, [reft. 

That what with griefe and feare my wittei were 

I strecht my selfe, and strayt my heaR reriTca, 
That dread and dolour erst did so appale ; 
Lyke him that with the fervent fever stiyTCs, 
When Ncknes sedes Us castell health to skale : 
With gathered spirim so »ont I fearc to anile ; 
Aitd rearing ber with auguiabe all fbrdone. 
My ^urita tetum'd, and then I thui b^onne. 

Sorrowe, alas! nth soirowe is tby name. 
And that to thee this drere doth wel potaync^ 
In vayiw it were to seeke to ceas the same 
But as a man bym atlte with sorrowe slayn^ 
So I, alas ! do comlbit tbee in payne, 

Hiat beie in sorrowe art fbrKmke so depe 
That It thy sight I can but sigb and wcpe. 

1 had no sooner spoken of a alike. 

But that the storm so rumbled in her breast. 

As Eolus could never roare the like, 

And shower* downe rayned from her iyen so fiut. 

That all bedreynt the place, till at the last 

Well eased they tbe dolour of her minde. 

As rage of rayne doth swage the stonny wyiid& 

For tiirth she placed in har feaifliU tale : 
Cum, cum, quod rtie, and tee what I dull diewe. 
Cum beare die playning, and tbe bytter bale 
Of worthy mea, by fortune overtbrowe. 
Cum thou and sae tbem tewing all in rowa. 
They irere but diades that <nt Ed miade Ouni K 


WbM could tbne vordcs bat make IDC morcigut: 

To hewe her tell whenoa I miude while on : 

So WB I maied tbErewrth, tyll at. the hut, 

HuBiDg upon her wurdei, and nhat the; were. 

All MxlayiilT well leKcmed wh my fcare : 

For to mf minde returned hone die telde 

Bodi whM ibe wm, kod where her wun she helde. 

Whenbr I knnra that she ■ goddene wu, 
And dmcwithall mocted to mj' miode 
H; thougiM that late pmented me the glu 
Of brittle state, of CUV* ttait here we Gndo, 
Of tboinaod woa to dllj men uiTiide : 
And howe she nowe byd me come and bdiolde. 
To see Tritb ije dnt ertt in thought I mlde. 

ThM dowoe I fell, and with al reretenca 

Adored her, pCTCc y T ii ^ nowe that ibe 

A goddcwe aent t^ godly proridcuce 

la Mithly ih^ie thua showed hcnelf to me. 

To wwfie and rue this worldea uncntajntie : 

And while I honoured thus her godhedi might, 

Vitb pla jDiag Tojce these wurdai to me she sliryght : 

I Aall thee gajde int to the griesly lake, 

Aad thBKie unto the blisful place of test, 

Wbeie thoa ahalt see and hcajre the ptaynt they make, 

Tbst whiknn hen bare swinge anumg the bat. 

His shall thoa see, but great is the unrest 

Thai thou must byde before thou canst attayne 

Ug«o the dreadiidl place wboe these reinajne. 

And with these wurdcs as I upraysed atood, 

And gan to fblowe ber that Mraygbt furth pacedi 

Ban I «M ware, into a desert wood 

We nowe were cum : where hand in band imbraced. 

She led Ae way, and through the tUcke so traced 

A* but I had becne guided by her might, 

It w«s BO way for any mortall wigbt. 

But loe, while thus aroid the desert darke. 
We paoacd on witli gteppea and pace utunette : 
A nimbling roar coufusde with howle and bark 
Of doga, choke all the ground under our fecte, 
Aad stroke the dia within our earn to decpe 
A> haUe distraught unto the ground I fell, 
Boougbt retoume, and not lo risite bell. 

Bat she forthwith uplifting me apace 
BemoTBd my dread, and with a itedfast minde 
Bad me come on, tbr here was now the place. 
The {dace where we our travayle ende should Gnde. 
Wherewith I arose, and to the place assynde, 
Aftoynde 1 stalke, when strayt we approched nen 
The dredfull place, that you wil dread to hei«, 

An bydeouB hole al vs^te, witbouten shape, 
Ofendlesa depth, orewhelmde with ragg*d stone, 
Wyth ougly mouth, and grisly jawea doth g^ie. 
And to our sight coofbunda it selfe in one. 
Hse entred we, and yeding forth, anone 
An hocrible lotfaly lake we might disceme 

A deadly gnlfe where nought but ruUrishe grows, 
Widi fowle blacke sweltfa in thickned lumpes lyes, 
Wladi up in the ayer such stinking Tspois throwea 
ThM orer there, may flye no fbwle but dyes, 
Choalit with the peMilent saToun tbU aryse, 

And 6rst within the portche and jawes of hell 
Sate dicpe Remone of Conscience, al besprvnt 
With teares : and to her selfe aft would olie telt. 
Her wretchednes, and cursing never ilent 
To sob and sigh : but ever thus lament. 
With thoughtful care, as she that oli in vaylie 
Would wean and waste continually in payne. 

Her iyes unsted&st rolling here and thsri!, 
Whurld on eche place, as place thai vengeauna 

So was her minde continually in feare, 
Toiaed and tormented with the tedious thought 
Of those detested crimes which she hod wruuglit : 
With dreadful cheare and lookes thrown to the skye, 
Wytbyng for death, and yet she could not dye. 

Next BBwe we Dread al tremblyng how lie sliooke. 
With foot unceitayne proferd here and there : 
Benumde of speadie, and with a gastLy looke 
Searcht evry place al pale and dead for feare, 
His cap bome up with starting of hit beare, 
Stoynde and anuiade at liis owne shade for deed, 
And fearing greater daungers than was nede, 

And next within the entry of this lake 

Sate fell Revenge gnashing her teeth for yre, 

Devising means howe she may vengeaunce take, 

Never to rvM tyll the have lier desire : 

But fVets within so far forth with the fyer 

Wben fell Revenge with bloudy foule pretence 
Had showed hen^fe as next in order set, 
With trembling Ibnmes we softly parted thence,' 
Tyll in our iyes another sight ire met : 
When fro my hart a dgh forthwith 1 fet, 
Rewing alas upon the wofull plight 
Of Miseiie, that neat appeared in s^ht. 

His litce was leane, and sumdeale pyned away. 
And eke his handes consumed to the bone. 
But what his body was I can not say, 
For OD his carkas rayment had he none. 
Save cloute* and patches pieced one by me. 
With static in hande, and skrjp on shouldem cast. 
Ilia chitfe defence agaynst the winters blast. 

His foode for moat, wss wylde fruytes of the tree, 

Unles Bumtime* sum crummee fell to bii share . 
Which in his wallet long, God wole, kept he, 
As on the which full dayntlye would he fare. 
His drinke the running streame : his cup the bar« 
Of his palme dosed : his bed the hard colde grounde. 
To this poore life was Misene ybound, 

Whose wretched state when we had well behelde 

With tender ruth on him and on hii feres, 

In thoughtful cares furth then our pace we helde ; 

And by and by, an other shape apperes. 

Of greedy Care, stil brushing up the breres, 

His knuckles knob'd, his Seshe depe dented in. 

With tawed bandes, and bard ytanned skyn. 



Wh«n h*f ii up and to hia worke ynmiie ; 
But let the nighten blacke inisl;« nunleli liie. 
And with fowle daHcc never ao much dJBguyifl 
The f«yre bright day, yet ce»»s«h he no wl^le, 
But hiith bis candela to prolong hu toyle. 

By him lay hnvy Slepe Hit cotia of death 
Fiat on the ground, and still as any stone, 
A VG17 corps, save yelding forth a breath. 
Small kepe look be vhom Fortune fVowned on. 
Or whom she lifted up into the trone 
Of high renowne, but as a living dealli, 
80 d«d alyie, of lyef he drewe the bruth. 

The bodies rest, the quyete of the hart, 

The travaylet ease, the still nightei aeer was he. 

Arkd of our life in earth the better purte, 

llcuen of sight, and yet in whom we see 

Thingei of Iliat dde, and ofte that never bee. 

Witliout respect ealceming equally 

Kyng Cresui pompe, and Irus poverde. 

And nett in order sad Old Age <ve found 

His beard all hoare, liis i}-e« hollow and biynde, 

Witli drouping chere still poring on the ground. 

To rest, when that the sistera hod untnynde 
His vitatl threde, and ended with theyr knyfe 
The fleeting course of fast declining life. 

Tricre heard we him with broken and hollow playn, 
Itewe with him aelfe his ende approaching fast, 
And all for nought Us wretched mindu tamient 
With BKete remembraunce of hi> pleahuree past. 
And freshc delites of lusty youth forwasle. 
Itecounling which, how would he Mb and ihiike, 
And to be yong againe of Jore bescke. 

But and the cruell tWtea so fixed be 

That time iorpast can not retoume agayoe, 

Tliis one request of Jore yet prayed he : 

lliat in Mich withered plight, and wi«tched paioe. 

As cide (accompanied with his lothsome trayne) 

Had brought on him, all were it woe and griefe, 

He might a while yet linger forth his lief; 

And not so loone descend into the pit, 

Wliere death, when he tlie mortail corps hath slayne. 

With relchles hande in grave doth cover it. 

Thereafter never to enjoye ^^yne 

Tlie gladsome light, but in the ground ylayne 

In depth of darkne* waOe and wore to nought, 

A he had never into the world been brought. 

But who luul seene him sobbing, howa he stoode 

Unto himselfe, and howe he would bemone 

Hit youth forepast, as though it w rought bym good 

To taike of youth, al wer his youth foregone, 

He H ould have mused, and mervayled muchc whereon 

rrookebackt be was, tooth sbakni, and hlere iyed. 
Went on three ftetc, and sometime crept on fower, 
With olde lame boiws, that ratled by his syde, 
Ilfs skalpe all pilde, and ha with elde forlore 1 
His willieicd fist stil knocking at deathes dore. 
Tumbling and driveling m be drawes his breth ; 
- •^- Sricfe, lite shape and meaaeitger of death. 

And fiut by him pale Mala£e wai plaste. 
Sore sicke in bed, ber colour all forgone^ 
Bereft of stomake, savor, and of taste, 
Ne could she brooke no meat but bmdies alone. 
Her breath corrupt ber keepers every one 
Abhorring her, her sicknes past recure, 
Deteating pbi^ckc^ and all phisickes cure. 

But oh the doIeAil dght that then we aee ; 

We tumde our hwke!, and on the other side 

A gritsly shape of Famine mou^t we see. 

With giwdy lookes, and gaping mouth diat dyed, 

A nd roard for meat as she ^ould there hare dyad. 

Her ixidy thin and bare as any bone, 

Wharto was left nought but the case alone ; 

And that alai was knawen on every where 
All full of holes, that 1 ne mought refrayne 
From teatet to see how she ber amies could lean. 
And with her teeth gnash oa the bones id vaync : 
When all for nought she layne would so suMayne 
Iter starven corps, that rather seemde a shade, 
'llien any substaunce of a creatuie made- 
Great was ber force whom stonewall could not Maj, 
Her teaiyng nayles scratching at all she sawe: 
With gaping jawes that by no means ymay 
Be satis^-ed from hunger of her mawe. 
But eates ber selfs as she that hath no lawe : 
Gnawing alas her carkaa all in vayne, 
Uliere you may count ecfae sinow, bone, and vayne. 

On her while we thus Anuly fixl our iyes, 
Tiial bled for ruth of such a drery sight, 
Ixie sodaynelye she shryght in H> huge wyse. 
As made bell galea to shyver with the myght. 
Wherewith a dait we sawe howe it did ly^t 
Ryght on btx breast, and therewithal pale death 
Enthryiling it to rav* ber of ber breath. 

And by and by a dum dead corps we sawe. 
Heavy and colde, the shape of death aryght. 
That dauntea all earthly creature* to bis lawe ; 
Agaynst whose force in ysyne it is to fyght 
tie piereii, ne princes, nor no mortail wyght. 
No townes, ne realmes, cities, ne strongest tower. 
Hut al perforce must yeeld unto his power. 

His dart anon out of the corps be toiAe, 

And in his bond (a dreadful ncbt to see) 

With great tiiumpbe eftsoues ibe same be ifaocke. 

That most of all my fearea aflnyed me ; 

His bodie dight with nought but bonei perdy^ 

The naked Jiape of man there sawe I playne. 

All save the fleahe, the synowe, and the vayne. 

Lastly stoode Warrc in glllteryng srmes yclad. 

With visage grym, steme lookes, snd blsckely bcwnl i 

In his right hand a nsked sworde he had. 

That to the hilles was al with bloud embrewed ; 

And in his left (that kitiges and kingdomes rewcd) 

Famine and fyer he held, and therewythall 

He razed townes, and threw-e downe towers and alL 

Cities he sakt, and reahnes that whilom flowovd. 
In honour, glory, and rule above the best. 
He overwhelmde, and all theyr &me derowtcd. 
Consumed, destroyed, wasted, and never ceast, 
Tyll he theyr wedth, their name, and all oppreat. 
His face forefaewed with woundes, and by his aide 
There bunge his terge with gashes dep* and wjdc 

uwe I howe the; hiled 
From PiilW bauBe, with ipercled treaiie undone, 
" rislei fast bouDd, and with Greek<itoiitcnipaJcd: 


In mid* ofwbicb, dtp«7inad then wa touada 

Datdl J DebntB, ■! Ail of atukj ban, 

That with a btoudj fillet w» Tbound, 

Out brmthiag nougbt but discard tnrj where. 

And miind about were portnjid here and there 

llw bugie hootea, Darin and bii power. 

Hie kjngea, prynce*, hi* pierea, ind all his flower ; 

WImud ^reat Hacedo Tanqiuaht tbov in fight. 
With diepe daogbter, diapoyling all hit pryde, 
Peant Ihnncblua realmes, and daunted all liii might- 
Duke HaniubaU beheld I then beaide, 
In Cannaa field, victor howe ba did ride, 
And woAil Rtonajnei that in Tajoe withitoodek 
And Coocul Paultn corered all in bloode. 

Tet ■■*• I more, tha fi^t a1 

Ami Treberj fjeld, and Ae when Hannibal 

And woRh; Scipio last in armea were wene 

Bdbre C^artfaago gate, to trje far all 

The wneldca anipyie, to whofD it ahoold befaL 

There nwe I Pompeye, and Cetar clad in armei 

nieyr hnatea alyed, and al tbajr a-rU hanuaa. 

With o 

■ hand* fortiathde in their a 

And Ceaar waepmg oTer Pompeyei head. 
Ttt Mwa I SdUa and Darini where diaj itoode, 
Tbeyr gnat crueltie, and the diape bludihed 
Offrandet: Cjma I sawe and hii boat dead. 
And howe the tpiaene with great daapyta hath flonge 
Hii head in Uoud of them ihe OTEimme. 

Hk bo^e and all jet lawe I slayna perdye. 
TlwtMa I tnre all raida howe it d;d lye 
In heaps of Wenaai and Tyrua put tt> ipoyle. 
With walles and towen flat erened with the soyle. 

But TVoy, alai ! (me tbougbt) abore them all. 

Ai^ thai the more nth Destinie was id ateme 
As time perforce, there might no force srayle. 
But she must fkll : and bf her fall we learni;, 
Thai cjiiea, towrei, wealth, world, andal shall quayle, 
Va manhoode, might, nor nothing muught prevayle, 
Ai wcr there prest, fu] many a prynce and picre. 
And many a hnigfat that aold his death full deere. 

Tfoa imitby HectOT wurthyett of them all. 
Her hope, her ji>ye ; his force is now for nought. 
O Troy, Troy, there is no booCe but bale ; 
Tha bugie horse within thy walles is brought : 
Thy turrets fall, thy knigbtes that whilom fought 
In armes amyd Ihe fyeld, are slsyne in bed ; 
Thy gods defylde, and all (hy honour dead. 

Tha lamen npspring, and cntcHy tbcy crepe 
Fram walle to nnfe, til all to cindres waste : 
Sane lycr the bouae* where the wretches slepe. 

* or nrord or l^er diey tntt. 

And Priam ^u in vayne howe he did runne 
To BjTDes, when PyrrbuB with despite hsth dooa 
To cruel death, and bathed him in the baytie 
Of hit SOBDC* blud before the altare sUyiie. 

But howe can I descryrc the doleful sight. 
That in the sbylde so livlike layer did shyne ! 
Sith in this world I think was never wyghl 
Could have set furth the halfe, nor halfe so fyna. 

Hereftora when scarce I could mine iyea withdmwe 

That fylde with teares as doth the ^r^'ngyng well. 

We paued on so far furth tyl we sawe 

Rude AdMroo, a lothsome lake to tell, 

That boyles and bubi up swclth at blocke as bell. 

Where grialy Charon at tbeyr fixed tide 

Still ferries gboites unto the Aider side. 

The aged god no looner Sorowe spyed. 
But hasting stnyt unto the banke apace 
With hollow call unto the rout be cryed. 
To swan e apart, and gave tbe goddesse place. 
Strayt it was done, when to the ihoar we pace, 
Where hand in band at we than linked fastt^ 
Within the boats we are ti^ether plasty 

And forth we latinch fVill frangbled to the btinke. 
Whan with the unwanted weght the rustye keele 
Began to cracke at if the same should sinke. 
We hoyse up maM and aayle, that in a whyle 
We fet tbe shore, where scarcely we had while 
For to arryve, but that we heard anone 
A thie sound barke confounded al in one. 

We had not long furth past, but that we sawe, 
Blocke Ceiberus the hydeoua hound of hril. 
With bristles reard, and with a thre mouthed jawe, 
Foredinniog the ayr with bis horrible yel. 
Out of the diepe (Urk cave where be did dwell, 
The goddesse strayt be knewe, and by and by 
He peaate and coticbed, while that «e passed by. 

Thence cum we to the borrour and the hel, 

The large great kyngdomea, and the dreadful raygne 

Of Pluto in his Irone where be dyd dwell. 

The wyde waste places, and the hugye playne : 

Tbe waylinges, thrykes, and sundry sortes of payn^ 

The sygbes, Ihe sobbea, Ihe diep and deadly groane, 

Earth, ayer, and all resounding playnt and nioane. 

Here pewled the babes, and here the maydes unwed 
Wilh folded bandes theyr sory chaunce bewayled ; 
Here wept the gylttes slayne, and love" dead, 
That slews them selves when nothing else avayled i 
A tbouBand sortes of aorTDwes here that waylod 
Witb si^ket and teares, sobs, shjykes, and all yfeia. 
That (<^ alas !) it was a hel to beare. 

We stayed'us strayt, and wyth a rufull feare, 
Beheld tbia heavy tigbt, wlule from mine eys 

K4 ^ 



Tbc vapored tearc^downatilleil here aud dwre, 
And Sorowe eVe in far more wrofui wysc, 
Looke on widi pUynt, up beaving u> the skjet 
Her wretched hnn(lr>B, that nith her crje the rout 
Gan dl in heapes to swannc us round about. 

IjOe here (saiil Sorrowe) prynees of rs nowne, 
Tliat whilom sat on tup of Fortune'* wiieele 
Now Uyed ful luwe, like wretches whurted downe. 
Even with one frowoe, lliat stayed but with s imyle, 
And now behulde the thing that thou erewhile, 
Saw only in thought, and wbst thou now shalt bene 
Kecompt the same to Kesnr, King, and Pier. 

Then first came Henry Duke of Buckingham, 
Hi« cloke of LLacl:e al pilde and quite fom'ome. 
Wringing his liandea, and Fortune ofte dath hlame. 
Which of ■ duke huti made him now her skome, 
With ghastly iookes as one in manner lome, 
Ofl spml his artnea, stretcht hnndes he joyiies as fast. 
With ruful chere, and vapored eyes upcast. 

His cloke be rent, Ms manl; breast he beat. 
His hearc al tome about the place it layOj 
My bart to molle to see his griefe so great. 
As felingly me thought il drapt awaye ; 
His iyes they whurled about withouten stayej 
With stormy syghes the place dyd so comptayne, 
Ai if his hart at eche had burst in twayne. 

Thryse he began to (ell his doleful tale, 

Atid thryse the sighes did swollowe up his voyce^ 

At eche of which he shryked so wytbal 

As though the heavens vied with the noyse ; 

Tyll at the last recovering his voycc, 

Supping the teares that all his brcst beraynde. 

On cruel Fortune weeping thus be playnde. 



Who trustes to much in honour's highest trone 
And vrarely walcbc not sly dame Fortune's snare ; 
Or who in caurtc will besre the swaye alone, 
And wysely weygh not how to wyeld the care, 
Beholde be me, and by my dealb beware : 
Whom flattering Fortune falsely so begylde. 
That loe she slewe, where erst ful smooth she smylde 

And Sackevylle ath fn purpose nowe thou hast 
The woful fal of prynces to discry ve, 
Whom Fortune both uplyft, and gayn dowite cast. 
To shewe thereby the unBurety in this life, 
Mark wel roy fal, which 1 shall shcwe belyve. 
And paynt it furth that all estates msy knone ; 
Have they the warning, and be mine the woe. 

For noble bloud made me both prince and pier. 
Yea pierles too, bad reason purchast place, 
And God with giftes endowed me largely here. 
But what avayles bis giAea, where feylea his grace ; 
My motheis !<yer sprang of a kyngly race 
And cslde waa Edmund Duke of Somerset, 

Whose fkjthful hart to Henry fyrt so wrought. 
That never he hym in weale or woe fcTaooke, 
Tyl lastly be at Tewibury fyeid was cought 
Wherewilli an axe bis violent death he take: 
He never could Kyng Edwardes party brooks 
Tyll by his death tie vouchte that quarell good. 
In whidi his syer and graundsycr spylt tbeyr bloud. 

And stich was erst my fatbers cruell chaunce. 
Of StaRbrd Earle, by name that Hum&ey hyght, 
Who ever prest dyd Henries parte avaunce. 
And never ceast tyl at Saynt Albones fight 
He lost his lyfe, as than did many a knyght : 
Where eke my graundsyer Duke of Buckingham 
Was wounded sore, and hanlly skapte untane. 

But what may baote to stay the usiers thtee ? 
When Atnqios perforce will cut the thcede : 
The doleful day was come when you might see 
Northampton fyeld with armed men oreqired. 
Where fate would algatet have my graundsyer dead i 
So rushing furth amyds the fyerceat fight. 
He lived and dyed there in liis tnssten lyghL 

In place of whom, as it befel my lot, 
Like on a stage, so stept I in strayt waye. 
Enjoying there but wofuUy, God wot. 
As he that had a slender part to playe : 
To tcache therby, in earth no state may stay. 
But as our partes abridge, or length our age. 
So passe we all, while others fyll the stage. 

For of my sclfe, the drery fate to playne, 

I was fcometimc a prince withouten pier, 

When Edward Fift began his ruful nygne. 

Ay me, then I began that hatefuU yeare, 

I'o cumpas tliat which I have bought so deare : 

I bare tlie swynge, I and that wretched wyght. 

The Duke of Glocester that Hychard byght. 

For when the tales had reft that royal prince 

Edward the Fourth, chiefe myrrour of that name. 

The Duke and I last joyned ever unce. 

In faythfull love, our secrete driftes to frame : 

What he thought best to me so seemde the same. 

My selfe not bent so much for to aspyer. 

As to fulfyl that greedy Dukes desyre ; 

Whose restless minde sore thyrsting after rule. 
When that he sawe his nephewes both to ben 
Through tender yeares as yet unfit to rule. 
And rather ruled by tbeyr mothers kyn, 
Tliere sought he first his mischyefe to begyn. 
To plucke from them theyr mothers frendes assynde. 
For wel he wist they would withstand his mynde. 

To folowe which, he ran so headlong EWyA^ 
With eyger thyrst of liia desired draught. 
To seeke theyr deathes that sought to dashe his dryft. 
Of whom the chiefe the queenes allyes he thought. 
That bent thereto with mountes of mischiefe fraught, 
He knewe thejT lyves would be so tore Ms let. 
That in theyr deathes his only beipe be set. 

And I most cursed caytief tliat I was. 
Seeing the state unstedfast howe it sl«od. 
His chief complyce to bryng the same to pane. 
Unhappy wretche, consented to tbeyr blood : 
Ye kinges and pieis that swim in worldly good. 
In seeking blud the ende advert you playne, 
And see if bloud ey sake not bludagayne. 


CouydCT CynH in jour cniell thouglit, 

A miiLeles prynce in rychea and in myght. 

And weygli in minde the bloudy dedes he wtougbt, 

In Pleading which he set bii whole dely^it ; 

But see tbe guenlon lotted to tliis wyffht. 

He wfaoae fau^ power no nuin might orerthroir^ 

Tanyrjs queen with great despite hath slowe. 

His bead dJEmembred frtm hii maogted cofpa, 
Her selfe the out into ■ vemel fraught 
Whh clottcnd bloud of tltem th&t felt her force. 
And with tlie«e wordes a just reward she taught : 
Drynke nowe thy fyll of thy denyred draught. 
hoe marice tlie fine liiat did this prynce behll : 
Marke not tliia one, but marke the endc of alL 

Behold CandHies and his fatal daye. 
Where mtirders miKhieTe myirour like is left : 
While he hii bR>tlier Mergus cast to slaye, 
A dreadful thing, his wittes were him bereft. 
A swcvd be aught, wherewith he perced eft 
His body gored, which be of liefe benoomB : 
So juit is (iod in all his dreadfull doomea. 

O Muddy BniHis, rightly didirt thou rew. 

And thou Cassius justly auDv tliy fall. 

That with tbe iwurd wherewith thou Cesar alewe 

Hurdml thy selfe, and ivft thy life withalL 

A mycTOur let hini be unto you all 

Tbat morderers be, of murder to your meede i 

Fa- murdrer crieth out Tcngeance on your aeede. 

Loe Bessua, he that aimde with murderers knyfe. 
And tiBytiiius bul agayiiat his royall king. 
With hlndily bander b«eft bin maysteiB life, 
Advert the fine his fowle offence dyd bryng: 
And lathing munler as most lothly thing, 
BdioMe in him tbe just deseryed fall. 
That erer bath, and shaU betide them all. 

Whit booted him hia false iuurped raygne, 
WbBCto by murder be did so oscende ? 
When like a wretchc, led in an yion chayne 
He was presented by his ctiiefesi frende 
L'nto tbe foes of him wlioin be had slayne : 
That e>en tbey should venge so fowle a gylt. 
That rather sought to baie hJs bloud yspylt. 

Take bcde ye princes and ye prelate* all 

Of tlda outrage, which though it ideepe a while, 

AbI not diH&tde, as it doth seeld lielall, 

Tet God that suffVeth silence tu beguyle 

S«h gyltem, wherewith both earth and ayre ye file. 

At last discryes them to your fowle deface, 

Tou see the examples set before your (ace. 

And deepely grave within your stony hartes, 
Tlie drety dewle that mygbty Macedo, 
With teaies unfolded wrapt in deadly smatles, 
Wlwn be tbe ^ath of Clitus sorowed so. 
Whom eist be murdred wyth the deadly blowe, 
Ran^a in bis rage upon hi* &ende so deat«. 
For wbkh beholde loe how his panges appere. 

The laanced ipeai he writhes out of the wound, 
From which the purple blud s^ns on his face i 
His beynoua gylt when he returned found, 
lie tfarowes him selfe upon the corpes alao- 
Aod in bis amies howe ofte doth he imhrace 
His munlred frende ? and kyssyng him in vayne, 
Fntfa flowe tbe fiuds of lalte repentant rayne. 

His ftcnde* amazde at such a murder doen. 
In fearful flockes begyn to shiynke away. 
And he thereat with beapes of grief fbrt^ioen, 
Hatetb him selfe, wishing his latter daye. 
Nowe he him selfe perceyved in lyke staye. 
As is the wilde beast in tbe desert bred. 
Both dreading others, and him selfe adred. 

He calles for death, and loalbing lenger lyfe, 

Bent to hii buic, refuseth kyndely foode : 

And ploungde in depth of death and dolours stryfe, 

Ilsd quclde him selfe, had notlus frendes wyth Moode. 

Loe he that thus had shed the gylteles blud. 

Though he were kyng and Cesar over all. 

Yet diose he death to guerdon death withall. 

This prynce whose pyer was never under eonne. 
Whose glystentng fame the earth did ovcrglyde, 
Whych with his power welnye the world had wonne. 
His bluddy bandes him selfe could not abyde. 
But fully bent with &mine to have dyed ; 
The wurthy prynce deemed in his regarde 
That death for death could be but just rewaide. 

Yet we that were so drowned in the depth 
Of diep desyre to drinke the gylteles blud, 
Lyke to the wulfe, with greedy lotdies that lepth 
Into the snare, to feede on de^y foode, 
So we delyghted in tbe slate we floode, 
Blinded so farre in all our blynded Irayne, 
That blind, we sawe not our destruction playne. 

We spared none whose life could ought forlet 
Our wycked purpose to his pas to cum. 
Foner wurthy knyghtes we headed at Fomfre^ 
Gyltles (God wot) withouten lawe or doome. 
My heart even bleedes to tell you al and some. 
And boHc Lord Hastinges when he feared least, 
Diapitaously was murdred and opprest. 
These rockea upeugh^ that (hreatned most our wreck. 
We aeemde to sayle much surer in the streame i 
And fortune fayring as she were at becke, 
Layed in our lap tbe rule of all the realme. 
The nephewes strayt deposde were by the game i 
And we advaunst to that we bought full desre. 
He crowned king, and I his chy^est pyer. 

Thus having wonne our long desirid pray, 
To make him king that he might make me ctuefe. 
Downthrow we strayt his sellie nephews twaye 
From princes pompe, to woful prisoners lyfe : 
in hope that nuwe stynt was all furder stryfe. 
Sith he was king, and 1 chief stroke did beare. 
Who joyed but we, yet who more cause to feare ? 
The gyltles bloud which we unjustly shed. 
The royal babes devestest from theyr trone, 
And we like tjaytours raygning in theyr sted. 
These heavy burdens prewed us upon, 
Tormenting us so by our selies alone. 
Much like the felon that pursued by night. 
Starts al ecbe bushe as his foe were in sight. 

Nowe doubling state, nowe dreading losse of lif^ 

In fear of wrecke at every blast of wynde, 

Now startin dreames through dread of murdrers knyfe. 

As though even then revengement were aaaynde. 

With restles thought so is the guylty minde 

Turmoyled, and never feeleth eaw or stay. 

But lives ill feare of that which followes aye. 



Well gm llul jmlgB Us dooioe upon tbe d«*di 
Of "ntiu Cleliun that in b«d wu slayne : 
Whan every wight the cruell murder Icyetfa 
To his two tonnei that in hia chamber lojoi. 
The judge, (hat bj the proofb perceyveth playni^ 
That they were found fail sleeping in th^ bed. 
Hath delude tttein gyltlea of thia bind yahed. 

He thought it could not be, that they «hicb bcike 

The lawei of God and man in luch outr^e. 

Could w f<Hthwith themwliH to slepe betake : 

He rather ttaought the horror and the nge 

Of luch an hsynons gytt, could never awage. 

Nor BfTCT suAer them tfl alepe or rest. 

Or drewUe* brcMh one breath out of Iheyr brest. 

So onawea the griefe of conieynce evermore, 

And in the hart it is so diepe ygrare, 

TlMt they may ncylher siepe nor rest therefore, 

Nc thynke one thought but on the dread they haTc. 

Styi to the death tonomeA with the wave 

Of reatles woe, in terror and dispeyre, 

Tley lead a lyef continually in feai«. 

IJke to the dsre that itryken with the dart, 
Withdrawes him selfe into lome secrete place. 
And feeling green the wound about bis hait. 
Startles with panges tyl be fall oD the gnuae. 
And in great feare lye» gaaping there a space, 
Furth braying sighes as though eche pangehad brought 
The preaeut deMh which be doetfa drod so att. 

So we diepe wounded with the bluddy thought. 
And gnawing wurme that grieved our conscience so. 
Never took esse, but as our hart furth brought 
The strayned syghe* in irytnes of our woe. 
Such nalra cam our fiuilt did well beknowe : 
Wbenwith of onr deserved (all the fearea 
In every place rang death within our eana. 

And as yll grayne i> never well ykept. 

So lurd it by us within a while : 

That which w long wyth such unrest we reapt. 

In dread and daunger by all wyt and wyle, 

Loe see the fine, when once it felt the whele 

Of slipper fortune, nay it mought no stowue. 

The wheele whurlee Up, but strayt it whurleth doime. 

For having rule and ricbes in onr hand. 
Who dunt gaynsay the thing that wa avtfde ? 
Wyl was wyiedome, our lust for lawe dyd Mand, 
In sorte so straunge, that who was not ifiiard 
When he the sound bnt of Kyng Rychard beard? 
So hatefull watt the bearying of hia name, 
That you may deeme the reaidewe by the aame. 

But what awaylde the terror and the few. 
Wberewyth he kept his lieges under awe ? 
It rather wan him hatted every where, 
And fayned facea forst by feare of lawc -. 
That but while fortune dolh with fhvour blaw 
Flatter through fear : for in their hart turkea aye 
A secrete hate that hopeth for a daye. 

Recordeth Dionidus thekynge. 
That with his rigor so his realme opprest. 
As that he thought by cruell feare to bryng 
Mi) subiecti under, aa him lyked best ; 
But loe the dread wberewyth him self^ wai stmt. 
And you ahall see the fine of forced ftere, 
~ "^--t i>t]rinitirlik« in this proud pryaeeqipeare. 

All wov his bead with crowne of goUe yaprad, 
: And in his hand the royal scepter set. 
And be with pryncely purple rycbely clad. 
Yet was his hart wyth wretched cares oreAvt : 
And inwardly with deadly fear beset. 
Of those whom he by rygour kept in awe, 
And sore opprest with might of tyranli lawe, 

Agaynst whose ftare, no bet^ea of golde and glia, 
Ne strength of garde, nor all his hired power, 
Ne prowde hyghe towera that preaced to the skye, 
Hii cruel hart of sa/ede could assure: 
But dreading them whom he should deeme most sure, 
Hym selfe his beard wyih bunungbrand would cear. 
Of death deservd* ao vexed bim the ieare. 

This might suffice to ropresent the fine 

Of tyrautes fbrce, theyr feam, and tbeyr uurcat. 

But hear this one, although my hart repyne 

To let the sound once synk wythin my breat ; 

Of tell Phereua, that above the rest. 

Such lothsum crueltee an his pet^le wrought. 

As (ohalaa!) I tramble wyth the thought. 

Sum be encased in tbe coates of beans. 
Among wylde beaateg devoured so to Im : 
And aum for preye unto the hunten ^warca, 
Lyke savage beasles iritbouten ruth to dye. 
Sumtime to encreate his horrible crueltye. 
The quicke with &ce to te» engraved bee, 
Eche otbera death, that eche mought living aee. 

Loe what mors email borror mought be found. 
To purchaae feare, if feare could slaye his raygoe? 
It booted not, it rather sirake the wounda 
Of feare in him, to tiart tbe lyke agayne. 
And so he dyd full otie and not in vayne ; 
As in his life his cares could wytaesa well 
But mosle of all his wretched end* doth icIL 
His owne dere wyite whom as Iria lift be lorad. 
He durst not tnut, am proche unto ber bed, 
But caiuing fyrst hia slave with naked aword* 
To go before, him self^ with tremblyng dnnd 
Strayt folowMh ftst, and whorling in Us bead 
His rolling iyen, he searcbeth bm and lhei« 
He diepe daunger that be ao aove did feare. 

For not in vayne it ranst yll in his breat, 

Sum wretched hap should hale him to hii ende. 

And therefore alwaye by bis pillowe presl 

Had he a sworde, aind with (hat awonle be wende. 

In vayne (God wote) all peryls to defende : 

For loe bis wific tbreyrked of his rayne, 

Sln-ping in bed this cruel! irretcbe hath alayne. 

What should I more now aeeke to say in tt>B? 

Or one jot brder linger fuith my talc? 

With cruel Nero, or with Phalaris, 

Caligula, Domician, and all 

ThecrueU route ? or of theyr wretched fall ? 

I can no more, but in my name advert 

Al earthly powers beware of tyrants hart. 

And as our slate endured bat a throwe ) 
So best in us the staye of such a state 
May best appearc to hang an overtfarowa, 
And better teaehe tyrantes deserved hat* 
Than any tyrantea death to fore or Ute. 
So crudl aeonde this Richard Tfajrd to tne. 
That loe my sdfe now loathde 1^ crwdtee. 


F<r (rim, aIm 1 I uw the tynnt kjng 

CoDtatt not oslj froin his nepbewes twrnyne 

To lyte world« blysse, but also •! worldn beyng, 

Suince esnblj gylt ycausing both be ^yne, 

My hart agreyved tbat sucb > iTetcfa ihoijde njgne, 

Wboae bluddf bmt lo ulv^ed out of kynde, 

Tlirt Phalaiu had nerer so bluddy a minde. 

Ne could I liFookc him one* wytfain mj bmt. 
But wytb the thought my teeth would gnuhi; withal : 
for tbougti I eant wer biB by iworrK bebeM ; 
Yet wlwn I Hwe nuKhiefe od mischiefe fall, 
So diepe in blud, to murder pryncs and all. 
Ay then thought 1, alas, and wealaway, 
Aod to 1117 wile thut mourniiig would 1 tay. 

If neyther tore, tyured, ne knot of blood. 

His own aleseaunce to hii prynce of due, 

Nm- yet the Mate of tnwt wberein be itatide. 

The worldfs delame, nor noi^t could Uaa him true, 

TbCBegyltelei babes, coidd they not make bint n»i 

Sot could tbeyr youtfa, nor innoceiicc withal 

Hore Um from renng them tbeyr lyfe and all ? 

irel hn lye, 
Ittinle Dim do more tnan mat that styireth not : 
But ai the rocke or Mone that wyl not plye. 
So was bi* hart made hard to cnieltye, 
To munler them ; alai I veepe in tbooght. 
To thinks on that which this fell wretcbe hatli 

That Dowe when he had dooe the thinge be sought, 
Aod as he wouM, complysbt and cumpaat all, 
And Bwe and knewe the trcsKin he had wrought 
To God and man, fo ilsye hia piynce and all. 
Then Kemdc he ^Ttt to doubte and dreade u« all, 
Asdmeindiiefriwbaesdeatfaallmeanesfae mygbt. 
He sought to wuike by malice and by might, 

Sodi beapes of harmei ophartnid in his breit. 
With envyoua bait my honour to deface, 
Aa knowing be tbat I whych voted best 
Hn wretched diyftes, and all his cursed case. 
If cTcr ^nsng within me sparke of gnct, 
SIiBt ncdea abbotre him and hi* baicfull race : 
Now more and more can cast me out of grace. 

WUdi Hxlayne cbaunge, when I by secrete chauuce. 
Had well perceyi'ed by proofe of envioiLa ftownCf . 
Aod «>we the lot that did me to advaunce 
Hyto to a kyng tbat sought to cafit me downe. 

Jiiid as the kny^it tn fyeld among his foei, 

Boet wj^ awonle^ must slay or then be ilaync : 

So I, alas, lapt id a thousand woes. 

Beholding death in every syde so playne, 

1 nOia chose by sum alye secrete trayne 

To wurke hi* death, and I to lyie thereby. 

Than be to lyre, and I offeree to dye. 

WUdi taaij choyae so hastened me to choie, 
Tlial I in parte agreyved at his disdayne, 
Is part ta wreke the dolcfall death of those 
Two tender babes, his idtlye nephewes twayne, 
By Mm alas oammaoDded to be iliync. 

And there as close and covert as I mygbt. 
My purposed practise to bis passa to bryng. 

In secrete drittes, I lingted day and night 1 
All Hove 1 oLigfat depose this cruell kyng. 
That seemd to ill so much dnyred a thyng, 
Aa thereto tnuting I empryide the same ; 
But to much trusting bronght me to my bona. 

For while I nowe bad fortune at my beeke. 

Mistrusting I □□ earthly thing at all, 

Unwares, alas, least looking for n checke. 

She mated me ia turning of a ball : 

When least I fbarde, then nerest was my &II, 

And when whole hoastes wer preat to stroy my (ben. 

She chaunged her chere, and left me post alone. 

1 had upnysde a mi^ty band of men, 
And marched furtb in order of array, 
Leadyng my powa- amyd tbe forest Dene, 
Agaynst that tyianl banner to displaye : 
But loe my souldiera cowardly shnuike away. 
For such is fortune when ahe tyat to &Dwne ; 
Who secmei most sure, him soonest whurles sha 

O let no prynce put trust in 
Nor hope in liiyth of gyddy peoples myiMle, 
But let all noble men take bede by me, 
Tbat by the proofe to well the payne do fynde : 
Loe, where is truth or trust ? or what could bynde 
Tbe Tayne people, but they will swarve and nwaye. 
As chaimce bryngs chaunge, to dryve and draw that 

Rome, thou that once advaunced up so hye. 

Thy staye, patron, and flower of eioellence. 

Hast nowe throwen him to depth ot miseryei 

Exiled him that was thy whole defence. 

He comptesL it not an horryble ofience ; 

To reven him of honour and of &me, 

Tbat wan it thee, when thou badst lost tbe same. 

Beholde Camjllus, be tbat erst reryred 

Tbe state of Rome, that dyeng be dyd fynde. 

Of his own state is nowe alas depryrcd, 

Baniaht by them whom he dyd thus det bynde : 

lliat cruel foike, unthankeliil and unkynde, 

Declared wel tbeyr false inconstancye. 

And fortune At ber mutability. 

And thou Scipio, a myrrour mayat thou be 
To all nobles, that they learn not too late, 
Howe they once trust the unstable commontye, 
Tbou that recuredst the tome dismcmbred atat^ 
Even when the conquerour was at the gate^ 
Art now eipide, as though thou not d^rred 
To real in her, whom th ' ' 

Ingrsleful Rome hast shewed thy cnieltye. 
On bym, by whom thou lyrest yet m tXatt, 
But nor thy dede, nor his desert shall dye. 
But his owne wurdei dial witness aye the same 
Fm' loe hys grare doth thee most Jnstly blann. 
And with disdayne in marble aayea (o thee : 
Uukynde countrey, my bones slult thott not see. 

140 SACIi 

What mon unwurthf thui this hii eryle : 
More just than ttiii the wofuH playnt he wrote : 
Or who could shewe a plapier proofe the while, 
or moste false bylh, than they that thus forgot 
His great desertca : that bo deserred not : 
His cindres yet loe, doth he them denye. 
That him denyed amongst them for to dja 

Milciades, O happy hast ihou be, ' 
Atld well rewarded of thy countrey men. 
If in the fyeld when thou hadat forat to flye 
By thy prowes, thiE hundred thousand men, 
Content they had bene to eijle thee then ; 
And not to cast dice in depth prison to. 
Laden wyth gyves to ende thy lyfe in woe* 

Alas howe barde and steely bartes had they, 

That not contented there to haie tliee dye. 

With fettred gyres in pryson where tbou laye, 

Increast so far in hateful cruel tye. 

That bur^all to thy corps, they eke denye 

He wyl they graunt the same tyll tlly Sonne have 

Put on thy gyves to purchase thee a grave. 

Loe Hannibdl as long as fired fate. 
And bryltle fortune had ordayned so. 
Who evermore ndvaunst his countrey state 
Then thou, that lyvedst for her and for no moe t 
But when the stormy waves began to grow. 
Without respect of thy desertes erwhile, 
Art hy thy countrey throwen into eiyle. 

TJnii^ndlj' Fortune, shall I thee now blame : 
Or sbal I faults the fates that so ordayne ? 
Or an thou Jove the causer of the same ? 
Or crueltie her selfe, doth she constrsyne? 
Or on whom els alas ahal I complayne ? 
O trusties world I can accusen none. 
But fycUe fayth of commoutye alone. 
The poUpus nor the chameleon straunge. 
That lume them selves to every hcwc they see, 
Are not so full of bayne and lii^le chaunge 
As is this talae unstedfaet commonCye. 

Have tryed it true, for they are Aed and gone, 
And of an host there is not lefl me one. 

That I alas in this calamitie 
AlotM was left, and to my selfe mought playoe 
This treason, and this wretched cowwdye, 
And elie with teares bewepen and complayne 
My hateful hap, styLl lookyng to be flayne. 
"Wandryng in woe, and to the gods on jiye 
Cleapyiig for vengomce of this treachcrjc. 

And mt the turtle that hath lost her make, 
Whom grypyng sorowe doth so sore attaynt. 
With doldiil voyce and sound whych she doth maki 
Mourning her losse, fylles oil tlie grove with playnt j 
So I, alas ! forsaken, and forsaynt. 
With restles foote the wud come up and downe, 
Which of my dole al shyvering dofli resowne- 

And beyng thus alone, and all fonake, 
Amyd the thycke, forwandred in detpayer. 
As one disnuyed ne wyst what waye to take, 
Untyll at last gan to my mynde repayer, 
A man of mine called HumfVey Baniutar : 

^ W herewyth me feehng much recomforted. 

^" Nmw of succour to hi* bouse I Bed, 

Who beyng one nbom earst 1 had upbrought 

Even from his youth, and loved and lyked beat. 

To gentrye state avauiMdng him fhna nought ; 

And had in secrete truste tbove the rest. 

Of specyal trust nowe beii^ thus dystrest 

Full secreatly to him I me conveyed 

Not douting there but I should fynde some ayde> 

But out alas on cmell tiecherye, 
When that this caytief once an ynkliog bard, 
How that Kyng Rychard bad prodaymde, that b* 
Which me descryed should have for his rewarde 
A thousand poundes, and farther be ptefude. 
His truthe so tumde to treason, all distaynde. 
That faytfa quyte fled, and I by truste was Oayndb 

For by this wreleh I beyng strayt betrayed, 
To one John Mitton, slurifie of Shropshire then. 
All sodaynely was taken, and convayed 
To Salisbury, wyth rout of hamest men, 
Unto Kyi^ Rychard there encamped then : 
Fait by the dtje with a mj^htye hoMe 
Withoulen dooma where head and lyfe I lost. 

And with these wordee, aaif the are even there 
IKsmembred hod hia head and corps oporte, 
Dead fel he downe: and we in woful featc 
Stooile maied when be would (o lyef revert: 
But deadly giiefta still grewe about his hart, 
That Btyll he laye, sumtyme revived wyth payne. 
And wyth a aygfa beeuming dead agayne. 

Mydnyght was cum, and every vitall thing 
With swele sound slepe tfaeyr weary lyms did Teat, 
The beaaleg were still, the lytle byrdes that syng, 
Nowe sweetely slept betides theyr mothen breat . 
The olde and all were shrowded in theyr nest. 
The waters calme, the cruel seas did ccaa, 
The wuds,thefreldes,andallthingesheb) theyr peaces 
. The golden stars wer whyrlde amyd thyer rmce, 
And on the earth did laugh with twinkling lyght. 
When eche thing nestled in his restyng place, 
Forgat dayes payne with pleasure of the nyght : 
I'he hare had nut the greedy houndes in sight. 
The fearfull dear of death stood not in doubt. 
The partrydge drept not of the talcwis foot. 

The ougly beare nowe myndelh not the stake. 
Nor howe the cmell mastyves do hym tear ; 
The stag lay still unroused from the brake. 
The fomy boor feard not (he hunters spear. 
All thing was still in desert, bush, and brear. 
With quyet heart now from their travailes rest. 
Soundly tbey slept in midst of all their rest. 

When Buckyngham amidst his plaint opprest, 
With Burgyng sorowes and with pinching paynes 
In sort thus sDwned, and with a sigh he ceait. 
To (ellen fiirth the treachery and the traynes. 

So twiching wer the panges that he anayed. 
And he so sore with rufull rage distraught. 
To thinke upon the wretch that hym tietrayed. 
Whom carat he made a gentylman of naught, 
That more and more agreved with this thought. 
He stormes out sighes, and with redoubled sor^ 
Stroke with the furies, rageth mure and more. 


Who » faatfa icaie the bull chued with dartm, 

And with dyepe wouihIc* foi^d uid gorvd to, 

Tyl he opproKd with the doullye sraartcs. 

Fall in ■ ngc, and ninaa upon hia foe. 

Let him I saye, behoMe Ibe ngyng woe 

Of Buckjmgfaapi, that in Cbese grypa of gryefe 

Ragelh gajiHt hiia that halh betrayed liia lyef. 

With blud red ijaa h> stamh here and there, 
Frothing at nuiuth, with face as pale ai doute i 
When loe n>y lymmei were trembling all for fcare. 
And I BiuBHie, iloode ttyll in dread and doubt. 
While 1 mought >ee him throire bis armea about : 
And gajDit the ground luin lelfe plounge with lucb 

Aiif tlu lyfe forth wytfa abodd leaTe the corpa. 

With nBokc of sjghes lumtyme I myghl beholde 
The place al dymde, like to the mornynK mysC ; 
And strajt agayne Ibe tesres bow they dawnmlde 
Aloo^t bia cheekes, as if the ryvers hyst ; 
Whoes Sowing streeme* ne wer no sooner whist, 
Bnt to the sUn such dreadfull ahoutea he sent, 
Aiif the irone of mighty Jove should rent. 

And I the while with spiritea wel nye bereft, 

Bdxld the plyght and panges that dyd him strayne, 

Aad howe the blud hia deadly colour left. 

And strayt retumde with Samyng red agayne : 

When sodaynly amid hia ngyng payne. 

He gne a sygh, and with ^t sygh he sayed : 

< Banaater, and strayt agayne he stayed. 

Dead laye bii corps as dead as any ttone, 
Tyll tvcUyng syf^iei Hormyng within hia brcat 
L'pf^ade his bo^ that downe ward fell anone, 
Vilfa LxAea upoMt, and sy^iea that neTs- ceait : 
Fknb f*T"— "<- the teareB, recordea of hia unrest, 
WlKnhe wylh Hhrykes thus groveling on the ground, 
Ybiajed theae wndes with sliryll and doleful sound. 

nea*En and eanh, and ye etnnal lampes 

llBt is the twarens wrapt, w;l us to reM, 

TImni bcyght Phebe, that deamt the nightes dampo, 

Witaea Ibe playntes that in these panges opprest 

1 wnAil wteCcbe unlade out of my Inest. 
And let me yeald my last wordei en I put, 
Yaa, you, 1 odl to record of my imaR. 

And tlHNi, Alecb), tee^ me wyth thy foode. 
Let bl diy aerpsites fi«n thy snaky bearc. 
Par anch reljefe wel fittea me in this moode. 
To IJTllsr my playnt with horror and wyth tiare. 
While ntge afreshe thy venomd worme arear. 
And ibou Sibilla, when thou seeit me faynta, 
Addia thy aelfe tba gyde of my complaynt. 

And tboa, O Jove, that with thy depe fordoome 
Dsaa rule the earth, and raygne ^Ktve the skyes, 
That wrekcatwTongea, and gevest the dreadful doome 
Ap^nat the wretcbe that doth thy trone deapyse, 
Beceyre tbeae wtudea, and wreake them in such wy 
As h ca ren and eailh may witnesse and beliolde. 
Thy hopca of wiMh upon this wretcbe uniblde. 

Tbon, ITaiiaarr r. gaynat thee I depe and call 
Uiao the gods, that tbey just vengeaunce take 
On Ifaec, tbj blond, tbj ttajned ModLe and all : 
O Jov^ to ifaee, above the rest I make 
Mj '■"■■**« pl^ttt, gnjde ma ttat what I qieaka 

O would to God, that cruel dismal daye, 
That gave me lyght fyrae to behold thy face. 
With fowie eclipse hod reft my syght away : 
The unhappy hower, the tyme, and eke the place, 
Hie sunne and moone, the sters, and all that was 
In theyr aapectes helping in ought to thee. 
The earth, and ayer, and all accursed bee. 

And thou, caytief, that like a monslar awarved, 
" I kynde and kyndenes, hast thy mayster loriK, 
Whom neyther truth, nor trust wherein thou served, 
Ne his desertea, could move, nor thy fayth swoine 

e shd I curse, but wysh that thou unbone 
Had bene, or that the earth bad rent in twaye. 
And swallowed thee in cradle as tbou laye. 

To this did I even from thy tender youth 
Witsave to bring thee up : dyd I therefore 
Beleve the oath of thy undoubted trouth ? 

By trusting thee that I ahould dye therefwe ? 
" irelclie, and wurse than wretcbe, what shal I aaj, 
I clcap and cune gaynat the* and thyne Ibr aye ? 

Hated be tbou, diadaynd of every wyght. 
And poynted at where ever that thou goe, 
A trayterous wrvtche, unwurthy of the light, 
Be Itaou estemed : and to encrease thy woe, 
*" lound be hatefull of thy name alio : 

in this sort with shame and sbarpe reproche, 
Leade thou ttiy life till grotter grief approicb. 

Dole and dcspayer, let those be thy delight. 
Wrapped in woes that can not be uniblde. 
To wayle the day, and wepe the weaiy night. 
With rayny iyen and syghes can not be tolde. 
And let no wyght thy woe aeeke to withbolde : 
But coumpt thee wurihy ( wretcbe 1 of aoriowea store. 
That aufiiTng much, ougbtest still to suffer moM. 

Deserve thou death, yea be thou demed to dye 
A ibameftill death, to ende thy shamefiill lyfe : 
A lyght longed for, joyfuU to everye iye, 
Whan thou abalt be anaygned as a tbie^ 
Standing at bar, and pleading lor thy lyef. 
With trembling toung in d)?Md and dolors rage, 
l«de with white lockes, and foweiskore yeres of age. 

I^t thou may live thine eldest sonne to see 
Reft of his wita, and in a fowle b«es stye 
To ende his dayea in rage and death distrest, 
A wuithy tumbe where one of thyne should rest 

And after this, ;et pray I more, tbou may 
Thy second sonne see drowned in a dyk^ 
And in such sorte to close his latter daye, 
As heard or seen eorat hath not bene the lyhe : 
Ystrangled in a puddle not ao deepe 
Aa halfe a foote, that auch hard lotsa of lyfb. 
So CTuelly chaunst, may he thy greats grycft. 

jore ahal not so withholtk bis wrath fro thee. 

1*2 SACI 

But that thy plagu«a nwy moie amd mare Increms, 
Thou shalt stiU Isrre, that thou thy lelfe mayil •» 
Thy dam doughter almken with leproqye : 
Thu she that earst waa all thy bole delyght. 
Thou now Diayat loath to have her cum in alghl. 

And after that, let aliaine and sorrowea gryefe. 
Fe«de furth thy yeaieji continually in wo, 
That thou mayst live in death, and dye in lyef, 
And in this lOite forewayld and weaiyed lo, 
At length thy ghost to paH« thy body ho : 
This piay I Jove, and wyth this latter bread), 
Vengeaunce I aske upon my cniell death. 

This layd, lie fioung his retchles armes aLrode, 
And groveling flat upon the ground he lay, 
Which with his teeth he al to gnasht and gnawsd : 
Depe groanes he set, as be that would awaye. 
But loe in vayne he dyd the death assay : 
Although I thinke was Dever man that knewe. 
Such deadly paynea wbare death dyd nut eiueve. 

So strove he thus a while as with the death, 
Nowe pale as lead, and calde as any stone. 
Nowe ttyl as calme, nowe itonning fbrth a braath 
Of iinoaky syghea, as breath and al were gone : 
But every tiling hath ende : ao he anone 
Came to him tcliie, when wyth a sygh outbiayed. 
With woful ch€aie these woful wurdea be sayd* 


Hius grOTcl on the giound ; and by and by 
Uprajiade he itoode, and with a aygh hath iti^ad, 
fFIien to him aelfe returned, tbua he aayed. 

Suffiselh nowe this playnt and this r^^te, 
Whereof my hart tua bottotne halb un&aught i 
And of my death let pieres and princes wete 
The wolves untrust, that they thereby be taught. 
And in ber wealth, ath that such chaunge is wrought, 

I lyved 

And past my time in honour and in ftme ; 
That of mishap no feare was in my brest ; 
But false fortune whan I suspected Icaat, 
Dyd turae the wbeele, and wyth a doUfull &11 
Ilalb me bereft of honour, lift, and alL 

Loe what avayles in rydies fluds that Howes : 
Though she so smyide aa all the world wer his ; 
Even kingea and keaaiB byden fortunes throwes. 
And dmple sotte must b^ it as ii is. 
Take hede by me that blithd in halefiitl blisae : 
My rule, my riches, royall blud and all. 
Whan fortune frounde, the feller made my ftll. 

For hard mishaps that happens unto such, 

Whoet wretched sUte earst never fell no chaunge,- 

Agryve them not in any part to much, 

As theyr distres to whome it is so straunge, 

That all theyr lyves nay passed pleasuT¥a raunge: 

Theyr sodayne wo that ay wield welth at will, 

Algates their harles more peatdngly must thrill. 

Tot of my byrtfa, my blud was of the beat, 
Fyrst borne an Earle, than Duke by due discent : 
To swinge the sway in court amonge the rest. 
Dame Fortune me her rule moat largely lent . 
And kyiul with conge so my corps had blent, 
Utat loe on whom but me dyd she most smyle -. 
Aikd whom but me lo, dyd she moat begyle? 

Now bait thou heard the whole of my unlufi. 

My ehauDce, my chaunge, the catise of all my tare : 

In wealth and wo, how fortune dyd ma wrap. 
With world at will to win me to her snare. 
Byd kyngea, byd kesars, hyd all states bewaic. 
And tell thsm this fiom me that tryed it tfva\ 
Who recklea rules, right aoone may bap lo me. 



About 1580— 158a 

Thd good, bonett. boanlj, lucful old tIijiikt wu 
born about the y«T I jSO, al Riienhall, nar WiChwn, 
in Earn. He ditd about the year 15S0, in Loadon, 
■wl waa buried in Su Mildred's cburcb, in tbe 
Fouhij. The coune of his indiutrii 

lile, i) 

™on/5 t 

w of hi* hoine>puii Georgica , 
1 nicb repute that Lord Holeiworth, 
wiitiiig in 1 723, and propoBng that « >cbool for hiu- 

bandiy should be CTtctad in creij couutj, adnied 
that " Tusser'B old Book of Hutbandrf iliould be 
taughl lo tbe boys, to read, to cop;, and U> gel by 
bean ; " and that it should be reprinted and distri- 
buted for that puipose. 

Tuner's poem, though in all reipecta <me of tbe 
moM curious books in our Unguaife, and fonoerljr 
one of the most popular, has never been iticluded in 
any general collection of the poeti. 



It rraj MoDth, ere in aught be begun, 
ioA ava that manth what aTaib to be doae [ 
So natbo' this tm^ may aeem (o b« loM, 
Kor Aou to repent of this tiifelii^ com. 
The fijpme ot Abetnct and Month do agree, 
WUeh oiw to another reblidni be : 
Ikoe Venea so short, without figure that stand. 
Be point! of tbenuelrea, to be taken in hand. 

* In HuAandr^ matten, where PUcrtno ye find, 
T^ VOK appertaineth to Hnswif 'ry kind ; 
b Ihtc ye more lewona, if there ye look well, 
■ n^n Huswifeiy Book doth utter or tdL 

Of Ctempifm Huifaandiy now do I write, 
WUch beTetoToTeaeneTthiabook did redta ; 
With kHooa apimned, by practin and ikill. 

mpiea difien tnxa Senrall mud), 
lof panitHKi, ckaio', and such : 
le to IliBn both do I ffje u 

5 The JuOor't EpiA la the Ute Lord WitUam 
Paget, imta rrin As datk ducourm afUt own bring- 
vtg ap, and ^ the gcwdiKn of lie md Lord kit 
MoMr mlo iim, mad lie ocouim «fMi Hi Bock, 
Uuu letJorA ^kit owm bmg FraOitf 

H TmE tries the troth in erery tbiag ; 

£S Herewith let men content their mind, 

O Of works which best may profit bring, 

g Most nih to judge, most ofien blind. 

> As therefore troth in Time flball owe, 

(D So let this book just Ikvor hare. 

H Take you, my Lord and Master, th«ai 

C Unlen mischance mischaBceth joa, 

OS Such homely gift of me your man. 

>■ And let your praise w 

g My serring you, thus uDdentand, 

> And God his help, and youn wIiImII, 

Did cause good luck to take mine hand 

n Erectiifg one, most like to ML 

Since being once at Cambridge taugh^ 
or court, ten yean, I made assay ; 
No muBck then was left uosau^t. 
Such care I had to serre that way, 
Wben joy 'gan slake, then made I changi 
EipellwlnuidifiirDUuiBk Btranga. 


My muiicli since hath been (he plough, 
InungUd with some care among ; 
The gain not great, the pain enough. 
Hath nude me sing gnother song. 
Wliich song, if «ell 1 may avon, 
1 Crave it judged be hy you- 

Yaur Serrant, Thohj 

^ To lite Bighl Honorable and my tpeciaU good Lord 
and MiaUr, the Lord Thomas Paget of Btaude- 
KTt, Soti and Heir to Aii late FatAer tlxceated. 

My LonJ, your father loved me 
And you, my Lord, liave proved me. 
And both your loves have moved me. 

Since Cod bath hence your fiuher. 
Such Bowm as I gather 
I dedicate now rather 
To you, my Lord, his son. 

Your father was my IbundeTt 
Till Aetth becajne his wounder. 
No subject ever sounder. 

Whom prince advancement gave : 
As God did here defend him. 
And honor here did send him. 
So will I bere commend him. 

As long as life 1 have. 

His neighboon then did bless him. 
His servants nov do miss him. 
The poor would gladly kisa him. 

Alive i^ain to be; 
But God hath wrought his pletsuie. 
And blest him oat of measure. 
With heaven and earthly treasure. 

So good ■ God is he. 

His counsell had I used. 
And Ciais' art refused, 
I need not thus have mused. 

Nor droop, as now I do ; 
But I must play the brmer. 
And yet do whit the warmer. 
Although I had bis armer. 

And other comfort too. 

The foi doth make me mind him, 
Whose glory so did blind him, 
mi tail cut olT behind him. 

No fkre could him content. 
Even so must I be proving. 
Such glory 1 hod in loving 
Of things to plough behoving. 
That makes me now repent. 

Luteren 1 kept so rtieany. 
Both Philip, Hob, and Cheany, 
That, (hat way nothing gcany, 

Wat thought to moke me thrive i 
Like Jvgurlh, prince of Numid, 
My gold away consumed. 
With lomes so perfumed. 

Was ncTcr none aliTc. 

Great R 

^h did'sc 

Great charge so near did dare rae, 
That mode me at length cry creak ; 

Much more of sU such fleeces, 

As oit I lost by pieces, 

Among such wily geeees, 
I list no longer speak. 

Though country health long staid me. 
Yet lease eipiring fraid me. 
And (iclui lapit) pray'd rae. 

To seek more steady stay. 
New lessons then I noted. 
And some of Ihem I quoted, 
l«st some should think I doted. 

By bringing naught away. 

Though hsth deny'd me. 
Her learned pen to guide me. 

For that she daily spy'd me. 

With country how I stood ; 

Yet Ctats to did bold me. 

With her goiHi lessons told m^ 

That rudeness cannot hold me. 

From doing country good. 

By practise and ill speeding, 
Tb^ lessons had their breeding. 
And not by hearsay or reading. 

As some abroad have blown ; 
Who will not thus believe me, 
So much the more they grieve me^ 
Because they grudge to give me. 

What i> of right mine own. 

At first for want of teaching. 
At first for trifles breaching. 
At first for over-rcKhing, 

And lack of taking hnd. 
Was cause that (oil so tost me. 
That practise so much cost me. 
That iBshnesa so much lost me. 

Or hiudred as it did. 

Yet Willi not despair. 
Through God's good gift so fair. 
Through friend^ip, gold, and prsyer. 

In CDootry again to dwell : 
Where rent, so shall not pain me. 
But pains sImII help to gain me, 
And gains shall hdp maintain me, 
NewieiaDoa more to telL 

For city seems a wringer, 
The penny for to finger. 
From such as there do linger. 

Or for their pleasure lie. 
Tliough country be mote painful). 
And not so greedy goinfullj 
Yet is it not so vainfuU, 

In following fancy's eye. 

1 have no labour wanted. 

To prune this Irve, thus planted, 

Whose fhiit to none is scanted. 

In house, or yet in field: 
Which fruit, (he mon 
The more to cat, ye 1- 
The less this fVuit ye 

Sach fruit Mm tree doth yield.' 




Tfaia bang mid, . My pain ii ] 

Hj tree iM bock thiu bwned 
With title already nuiwd, 
I tnnt goes forth, unbtamed, 
In your good Lotdship'a na 
A* my good Lord I take you, 
And nerer 'rill foniake you, 

DeAnder of (be H 


Your ScTTuit, 

Tuoiui Tom 


I aan been pn^'d 

What more for health. 

To *b<w nOne .id. 

What more for wealth. 

Id taking pain. 

What needeth less, 

Nm ibr the gdn, 
Bb. for good -ill, 

Run, Jart, help Btu 

To slay aniisi. 


Not having this 



With hmwifery. 

I donoteraTe 

Aicock and hen. 

More thaoki to have. 

Than giren to me 



But thii ia aU 

A* loiera >bo<ild. 

To ^ ,haU 

Peruie thi. boiA; - 

Itmtboth thii 

That for my lake 


They gently take 

And bow tfaat here. 

Whate'cr tbey Bad, 


Against their mind. 

Wnh jodgmnt right 

When he or ihe 

To thy delight. 

Shall minded be. 


Therein to locA. 

That Bicfa as wi»e. 

And&in woulcTlhriTe, 

And grant me now. 


Good reader, thou ! 

Hot good from naught 


Ifay trim be try'd 

Such choice to duue. 

A>d li.riy «pyd. 

A. may delight*«. 

The country «i^ 

Vhtt ibould I win. 

For lucb do prake 


The country pbnae. 


The country acta. 

Thu noaabu 

The country &ct«. 

A. mmung atream. 

The country toys. 


Before the joy^ 

Thtf flow, unrift? 



K<* get for gDuld, 

Nor look thou here. 

To teub me bow. 

That eveiy share 

A. this doth you. 


Ttamgh daily gain. 

I tfaua rehearH, 

TV way » plain. 


To ODOM by thrift. 

Or vantage make 

By le«H>n> such; 


For, here we see. 

Or twain tSoote, 

Thiogi wvenU be. 


And there no dike. 


But chunpion like, 


And ssndy scnl, 

Id bduae or ground. 

And eUyey (mI, 

Each ixber week ? 

Do suffer much. 

i o buy to prove. 
To re»d with lore. 
To follow some, ' 

The vantage ihine, 
Msy givedtee choice 

To cry, or rejoice,— 

Good husbandmen muM moil and t<»l. 

To lay to live, by laboured Geld : 
Tbcdr wives, at home, must keep such cwl, 
As thor like acts may profit yield. 
. For well they know. 
As shaft ftom bow, 
Or chalk from snow, 
A good round rent thdr lords they give. 
And mtist keep touch in all their pay ; 
With credit erackt, else for (o live, 
Or trust to legs, and run away. 

Though fence, well kept, is one good point, 

And tilth well done, in season due ; 
Yet needing salve, in time t'snoinc, 
Is all in all, and needfull true : 
As for the rent, 
Tbus tlunk I best. 
As fMend doth gunt, 
With hand in hand to lead thee forth. 

To Ciaia camp, there to behold 
A thousand things, as richly worth. 
As any pearl is worthy gold. 


Whit lookest thou herein to have 7 
Fine verses thy fancy to please ? 

Of uuuiy my Jtietters that crave ; . 
Look nothing but rudeness in these. 

What other thing lookest thou then ? 

Grave sentences many to ftud 7 
Such, poets have, twen^ and ten. 

Tea tbouiBods, contenting thy mind. 

What lodt ye, I pray you shew what ? 

Ternis painted irith rhetorick fine 7 
Good husbandry seeketh not that. 

Nor isH any meaning of mine* 

What lookest thou, speak at the bst 7 
Good lessons for thee and tby niiW? 

Then keep them in memory fast. 
To help as a comfort to life. 

What look ye for more in my 
P<nnts needfull and meet t 

Then daily be sijer to look, 
To save to be siier thine oi 


Lit hoHte haee lofU her. 

Lit land haue to liU htr, 
No dwellers, — what profileth houu for to (Und ? 
What goodneBs, unoccupied, biingetb the Iwid? 

Na labuir, ne bread, 

Nb A<K, UH be iad. 
No huriwndrj used, hoH won ahall we Merre 7 
Honu^eepiRg neglected, what comfort to serre. 

lU father, no gifl, 

.K> /moo/edge, no Urt/t, 
The btber an nntbtift, wbM hope for the ion ? 
The rulei unskilfull, how quickly uudonc 7 

I tKBt but a drudge 7«t I pan any king. 
To auch aa can UH me, gnat wealdi I £1 bring. 
SincB Adah fint Ured, 1 never did die ; 
When Nai was a ihipman, there also wai I. 
The earth to aiBtain me, the N* fiiT my Aab, 
Be ready to pleuure me, as I would wish. 
What bath any life, but I help to preserve 7 
Wbal wight without me, but ia re^y to aterre? 
In woodland, in champion, city, or town, 
If long I be absent, what folleCh not down 7 
If long I be present, what goodnesa can want 7 
Though things, at my coming, were never so scant. 
~So many as lore me, and use me aright, 
With tnaaure and pleaauie I richly requite. 
Great kings I do succour, else wrong it would go. 
The KiMO of all kinga huh appoinlod it so. 


Or husband, doth husbandry cl 
Of husbandry, husband doth likewise the same : 
Where huswife and huswifeiy joineth with these, 
There^ wealth in abundance is gotten with ease. 

Hie name of ■ husband, what is it to say 7 
Of wife aitd the boushold, the band and the slay: 
Some husbandly thiiveth that nercr had wills. 
Yet scarce a good husband in goodness of life. 

The husband is be, that to labour doth &n, 
llw labour of him I do husbandly call : 
If thrift, by that labour, be any way caught, 
Han is it good husbandry, else it is naught. 

So housbold and liouaholdry I do define, 
Por folk and the goods, that in bouse be of thine : 
House-keeping to them, aa a nfuge is set, 
Which like as it ii, so report it doth get. 

Be house or the furniture never so rude. 
Of husband and husbandry, — thus I conclude. 
That huswife and huswifery, if it be good. 
Must pleasure togetber, as cousins in blood. 


.. To take thy 

And shun th 
!. To grudge in youth aoi 

To come by knowledge perfectly. 
>. To count no tnvell slavery, 

lliat brings in penny saverly. 
I, To follow profit, csimestly. 

But meddle not with pilfery, 
I. To get by honest piactisy, 

Atid keep thy gettings covertly. 
i. To lash not out, too lashii^ly. 

For fear of pindring penury. 
'. To gel good plot, to occupy, 

And store and use it, hualwndly. 
I. To shew to landlord courte^. 

And keep tby covenants OTdcrlj. 
I. To hold ttlat thine is UwfuUy, 

For stoutness, or for flatteij. 
I. To wad good wife for company. 

And live in wedlock honestly, 
. To fumisfa bouse with housholdry. 

And make provision skilfully. 
!. To jian to wife good family. 

And none to keep for bravery. 
I. To tufier none live idely. 

For fear of idle knavery. 
-. To courage wife in huswifery. 

And use well doen genCily. 
:. To keep no more but needfully. 

And a 


I. To raise betimes the lubberly, 

Both snorting Hob and Mto'gety. 
r. To iralk thy pMturcs usually. 

To spy ill nei^rimur's subtilty. 
). To hate revengement hastily. 

For loaing love and amity. 
i. To love Uiy neighbour, nei^dKiDri] 

And shew him no diaoourtcsy. 
>. To answer stranger civilly. 

But shew him not thy secresy. 
,. To use DO man deceitfully. 

To (dTer no man villainy. 
!. To learn bow foe to pacify. 

But tnut him not too hastily, 
I. To keep thy touch si ' 

And in thy word use constancy. 
1. To make thy baitds advisedly. 

And come not bound through suer^. 
;. To meddle not vrith usury. 

Nor lead thy money foolishly, ' 
L To hate to live in in&my. 

Through craA, and living thifttwg ly 
'. To shun aU kind of trewzbeiy. 

For treason oideth, boiribly. 
>. To leam to shun iU company. 

And such as live dishonnlly. 
I. To banish house of blaspbeny, 

Lest croasea croa^ unluckily. 
I. To stop mischance througb policy, 

For chancing too unh^>pity. 
.. To bear thy crosses, patient^. 

For woridly things are slippery. 
E. To lay to keep IVom misery. 

Age cosning on, so creepinstjr.j , 

"" o God, continial^iS 


S5, Td Itn in ciifMckiic* ipattlj. 
And knp ttaTwIf Croat mabdj. 

36. To ease Ihj lickneaa qieedil;, 
Em balp be pait recorciy. 

37. To ■eck to God for remedy, 
For w it cbe* pn>n unluckily. 

mm by thrift U> iliift witfaalL 

1. God 1— dWh «pd pTBth, both mouth and the matt, 
Awl bUweth >u *11 with hii benefita grett -. 
Tbcs ^rra we the God, who so licbly doth gi*e. 
Shew lore U> our ndghboun, and ]aj for to live. 

S. Am bud( by appearing, betok'netfa the ipiing, 
And ls4 by l>^ tUhi^, the coDtrary tbiog ; 
So youth bull us labour, to get oa we can. 
For mge ^ a burdeu to labouring man. 

Lanienlal ia oft, and repented loo late. 

4. Coont oarer well gotten, what naughty ii got. 
Nor well to account of, which honeat ia not : 
Look long not to prosper, that weigheat oot thia. 
Leal proapaing iaileth, and all go amua. 

5. True wedlock ia beat, for aioiding of lin ; 
The bed undcfled, much honour doth win : 
Though lore be in cbooung, lar better than gold. 
Let lore come with aomewliBt, the better to bold. 

6. When cmplea agree not, ia rantamr and abrife, 
Wbve auch be together, is teldom good life i 
Wbaa couplca in wedlock do lovely agree, 
TlwT* (biaan Temaineth, if wiidom tbere ba. 

T. Who lociketfa to many, muat lay to keep houaiv 
For love may not alway, be playing with douae ; 
If dnldjen increaae, and no stay of thine own, 
Wlat afterward followa is soon to be known. 

t, OnCK eliai;gad with children, m likely to be, 
Give over to aqjoum, that thinkcst to thee ; 
Leat grudging of hoateaa, and craringof nnne. 
Be eoatly and noiaoPM to thee and thy puiae. 

B> Good huriModa that IotcA good honae* to keep. 
An oAeMimea careful when otheia do tieep : 
To qieod aa they may, or to ati^ at the fin^ 
For rmuiing in danger, or (ear of the wonl^ 

10. Go count with thy cofiera, wheal harreit ia in. 
Which way for thy proSt to aave or to win : 
Of f one or tbcsn both, if a aavour we smell, 
Houaa k«ijpilig ia godly, wbeKTCi wa dweU. 

II. Son, tUidt noHfaymoney, punebononitobnni, 
BM keep it Aa- pn^t, to aem thJB* awn torn : 
A foot and his money be soon at debate, 
Whidi after, with aonow, lepeata bam too late. 

13. Good bargain adoing, make privy but few, 
In aelling, refntin not, abraad it to ahcw : 
In making, make hoate, and away to Ihy pouch, 
Id selling, no haale, if ya dare it avou^ 

13. Good landlord, who findeth, ia bleaaed of God,_ 

I. Bant-coni, whoso payatb, (aa worldlings would 
So much fcr aa acre) muat live like a shn* ; 
Rent-corn to be paid, for a reaa'nable tent. 

15. Once plaead for proAt, look never for ease. 
Except ye beware of auch michen aa these. — 
Unthrifdneaa, BlothfUlneaa, Careleaa and Rash, 
That thruateth thee hodlong, to run in Ae laab. 

IS. MakeMooeythy drudge, fiv to follow thy work, 
Make Wisdom compCrolleT, and Order thy clerk i 
ProvisJon cater, and Skill to be cook. 
Make Steward of all, pen, ink, and thy book. 

1 7. Make hunger thy sauce, as a med'cins for bealtl^ 
Make ttnral to be butler, as phyaic for wedtfa ; 
Hake eye to be uaher, good usage to have, 
Make bolt to be porter, t« keep out a ksane. 

18. Make huabandry bulJOr, abroad to provide. 
Make hu s wiftt y daily, at home for to guide ; 
Make coffin', bat locked, thy IrcHure to keep, 
Make houie to be aiier, the aafer to Bleep. 

1 9. Hake bandog thy acoutwatch, to bark at a thief. 
Make course for life, to be ofHtain chief: 
Make trqi-door thy bulwark, make bell to be gin, 
" ' ~ le and arrow, shew who U within. 

aa The credit oTmaater, to brothel hia man. 
And also of mistress, to nunihin Nan, 
Be causers of opening a number of gaps, 
That letteth in tnikchief, and many miahapa. 

51. Good huriMnd he Imdgeth to bring in the gaina, 
Good huawife she dnu^edi, refoting no paina. 
'niou^ husband at home, be to count, yc wot 

Yet huawife, within, is as needAil aa that. 

52. What belpeth in store, to have never ao much. 
Half lost by ill usage, ill huswives and audi? 
So, twenty load buihea, cut down at a chqi, 
Such heed may be taken, ahall stop but a gap. 

29. A retcheleas aervant, a mistress that scowla, 
A nvening mastiff', and hoga that eat fowl^ 
A giddy bnun master, and atroyall hia knave, 
Kings ruling to ruin, and thrift to her grare. 

85. Each d»y ta be feasted, what husbandly worst. 
Each day for to feast, is as ill for the purse i 
Yet meuurelj fouting, with ndghbours among, 
Sbta make (bee beloved, and lire the more long- 

26. Hiings fausbandlj liandsome, let nrorknuui con. 

But build not for glor;, that thinkest to thrive ; 
Who fondly in doing, consumeth his stock, 
In the end for his folly, doth get but a mock. 

27. Spend none but your own, howsoever ye spend, 
For bribing and shifting have seldom good end : 
Id substance although yv lui<e never so much. 
Delight not in parasites, harlots, and such. 

SB. Be siierty seldom, (but never for much) 

For fear of purse, pennyless, Iiangiiig by such ; 
Or Sdor^oroiB warning, as ill I believe. 

When, (Sr, I arrest ya !) gets hold of thy sleeve. 

29> Use {Itgem /nni) to pay at thy day. 

SO. Be pinched by lending, for kifie nor for kin, 
Nor also by spending, by such as come in ; 
Kor put to thine hand, betwiit bark and the tree, 
Left through thine own folly, so pincbed thou be^ 

31.. Aa leading to neigbbour, in time of his need, 
Wins love of thy neigUbour, and credit doth 

Bo never to crave, but to live of thine own. 
Brings comforts ■ thousand, to many uokaown. 

as. Who living but lends ? and be lent to they must. 
£]Be buying and selling must lie in the dust : 
But shameless and crafty that desperate are, 
Uake many, Aill honral, the worser to fare. 

33. At SOUK time to borrow, account it no shame. 
If justly tliou kecpon thy touch for the same : 
Who quick be to borrow, and slow be to pay, 
Ther credit is naught, go they never so gay. 

S4. By shifting and borrowing, who io as lives. 
Not well to be thought on, occoeIdd gives; 
Then lay to live warily, and wisely to spend j 
Fo prodlgall livers have seldom good end. 

35. Some spareth loo late, and a number with him, — 
The fool at the bottom, the wise at the brim : 
Who careth, nor spareth, till spent he hsCh all, 
Of bobbing, luitrobtnng, be iesrfu] he shall. 

36. Where weallhiness floweth, no friendship can 

Whom poverty pincheth, bath freedom as slack i 
Then happy u he, by eiample that can 
Take heed by the fidl, of a misdiieved num. 

ST. Who breaketb bis credit, or cracketb It twice, 
Tnut such with a aiierly, if ye be wise : 
Or if he be angry, fbr asking thy due, 
Otwe CTCD, to hiin aftenrinl, \aai not anew. 

38 Account it wtll sold, that i* JuMly wtU pud. 
And count it well bought, that is never denaid ; 
But yet here is t'one, here is t'other doth best. 
For buyer and seller, for quiet and rest. 

40. As iutereBi, or usury plajeth the devil. 
So h;i-baFk and fil-belly bitetlt aa evil : 

Put dicing among them, and docking the dell. 
And by and by aAcr, of beggary smeU. 

41. Once weekly, temembcr thy cbarges to cast. 
Once montlily, see how thy eipencea may last : 
If quarter declavelb too much to be qieiit. 
For fbar of ill yem, take advice of tby rent. 

4S. Who orderly eot'reth his payments in book. 
May oid(^riy find them again, (if he look : ) 
And be lliat intendcth, but once for to pay, 
Sliall Ijnd this in doing, the quictevt way. 

43. In dealing uprightly, tills counsel I teach, 
First reckon, then write, ere in purse ye do leacb ; 
Tlicn pay and disiratcli him, aa soon as ye can. 
For ling'ring is Linderance, to many a man. 

44. Have weiglits, I advise thee, for silver and gold. 
For some be in kOBvcry, now a-days bold ; 
And for to be iiiier, good money to pay. 
Receive that is current, a* near as ye may. 

And Jankin and Jenykin a 

S. The stone that is rolling, can gather no mosi 
WliD often removeth ia aiicr of loss : 
The ricli it compcllctfa, to |wy for his pride. 
The poor it uadoelh, on every lade. 

7. Tlte eye of the master enricheth the hnlch. 

and hawkers take heed what ye si 
r witli courtety, drive* them away 
will open a gap. 

49. To hunten 
Mild answ 
8o where < 
Resist not 

50, A man in this world, for a churl that is kooim, 
Sliell hardly in quiet, keep that is his own : 
Where lowly, and such as of courtesy smells. 
Finds favour and friendsliip, wherever be dw«Us. 

51. Keep truly thy Sabbath, the better to S{wed; 
Keep servant fiom gadding, but when it is need : 
Keep Gsh-day and fasting.^y, as they do fidl. 
What ciutcnn thou kacjiett, let other* keep alL 

L Tlioii^ HMie in tbdr dtUng, b« (Uck <h 

Be thou unto Godnrd, not that w>f loo t«id : 
Evil caucTence gnidgcth, uid jet we do kTi 
III tithei^ ill tbrivcn i 

S. P^ weeklj- Ibj worluuHi. his houaboU to tbed, 
Paf qiUTterl J tervaots, to bu; ■* tlioj need : 
Give gwntcnt to nich u dcserre, and no mo, 
Last tliou and thy fik, witliout gamwiit do go. 

4, Beware rattatiSa, — ilotfaful to work, 
PuHoinen and filcbrn. that loTcth to lurt : 
Awaj with such lubben, h> loth to take pain, 
That rolLt in cxpencrs, but nerer no gain. 

5. Good wife and good children are worfhj to eat, 
Goodaerrant, good labourer, cameth their meat; 
Good relloWfgDodncighbour, that fellowly^e^t. 
With beaftilo wrlcome, ibould haTc of Ihs bCKt. 

G. DeiMTt not with all that thou faiat to th; diild, 
Mtl(:h leaa unto other, for being beguiled : 
Lest if ihou wouldat gladl j pnaam it again. 
Look, for to coma by it, thou wottcst not when. 

7. The greatest pTrfermcnt that child we can gire, 

Whirii wboso it wanteth, (hough left ai a wjuiie, 
CiHiaumeth U) nothing, as block in the fin. 

8. When God hath so blot thee, as able lo lire. 
And thou hast to iCGt thee, and able to give ; 
Lwnent thy offences, serve God for amends. 
Hake soul to be ready, when God for it sends. 

9. Send frvia of thy failh to heaven, aibrehand. 
For mercy here doing, God bleiaeth thy land ; 
He maketh thy store with his blesnng to swim. 
And after, thy soul to b« blessed with him. 

0. Some lay to get riches, by sea ai>d by land. 
And vent'retfa his life, in his enemies hand ; 
And setleth his soul upon bi or on seven, 
Not caring nor fearing, for hell dot for heaven. 

1. Some pincbelh and sparetb, and pinelh his life, 
To ooffer up bags, for to leave to bis wife ; 
And she (iriien he dieth) seta open the chest. 
For socfa as can soothe bar, and all away wrest. 

S. Good husband preventing the frailness of some^ 
Tsles part of God's benefits, as tbey do come : 
And leveth to wife and his children the rest. 
Each one his own part, aa he Ihinketh it beaL 

May save and advantage ye, many a groat ; 
Wlucb if ye can follow, occasion found, 
Tbta ever; lesson may save ye a potmd. 


FarfVom ai 

Where country may digest tbee. 

Let wood and water request thee, 

In good com ami to nest thee. 

Where pasture and mead may brest thee. 

And healthsome air invest Ibee ; 

Hough envy shall detest thee. 

Let that DO whit molest tbee. 

Thank Cod that hath so blest thw, 

And ait down, SoUn, and rest tbee. 


As time requires, to fiame his di 
With somettnte fish, and lometinie bat, 
That houaluld store may longer last- 
Let Lent, well kept, offoid not tbec^ 
For March and April bleeders be r 
Spend beiring firU, wve sall-fiah laM, 
For talt-flsfa is good, when X.ent is past. 

When Easter cornea, who knows not than 
That veal and bacon is the man i 
And Martilmas beef dotti bear good tack. 
When country folks da dainties lack. 


NoBTH winds send hail, South winds bring run. 
East winds we bewail. West winds blow amain : 
Nortb-eaat is too oold, 8outh-«aat not too warm. 
North-west is too bold, Soutb-west dolb no hana. 

The Nonh is ■ noycr to gncs otw^ HiiU*, 
The Eut ■ dettioyer to bob and >U &iiiH: 
The South, with hii iluwer*, refredwth tbe tan. 
The West, to all Aovren, luy DM ba forlMVDe. 

The West, M k fatfaer, all gondnea doth Mug, 
The EaM, ■ forbever do muuur of thing: 
Tbe South, OS unkind, dnweth nckness too near. 
Tie North, ■■ a bieod, maketh all agala cImt. 

With temperate wind, we be blened of God, 
mth tempeit we find, we are bmt with his rod : 
All power, we know, to renuin in his band. 
How ever wind blow, hj sea or b; land. 

Though winds do rage, as winds were wDO^ 
And came ipring tides to raise great flood, 
Aod loftj ships leaie anchor in mud 
Bereanng nunjr of life, and of hlood ; 
Yet true it is, as cow chews eud. 
And trees, at spiiog, do yield forth bu4 
Except wind stands, as nerer it stood. 
It is ao ill wind turns none to good. 


As huswives arc Mached, in 
How winter ni^t* passell^ 
So here b; the PlaiMts, aa 1 

If da; star appeareth, daj conklbrt ia nigh. 
If sun he at south, it is uoan by and bje : 
If sun be st westward, it setieth anon. 
If sun be at setting, the day is soon gone 

Moon dianged, keeps closet, three day as a <[ 
Ere she in her prime will of any be seen ; 
If great she appeareth, it showseth out. 

Main b« is at highest^ at midnight and noon ; 
But yet in the creeks, it i> later high flood. 
Through fameaa of running, by rokscHi as good' 

Tide flowing 11 ftarsd, tor many a tluDg, 
Great danger to such as be sick, it doth bring; 
Sea ebb, by long ebbing, some respite doth giTe, 
And sendMh gmd comfort, to such as shall Uve* 


Now enter, John, 
Old tanner Is gone. 

What chain[»on useth. 
That woodland reAueth, 

Good iaiin now take. 
Keep still, or fonake. 

What lightness worse. 

Who goMh slMmrwing, 
Goeth a BaTOwing. 

Oram soil bar lutt. 
Bow rye in the duA 

Clewi lye that BOWS 
Hie better crop mows. 

Mil lye arigbt, 
Wth wheat that is white. 

See com sown in, 
TjM thick, nor too thin. 

For want of seed, 
T^nd yieldeth weei 

With sling or bow. 
Keep com from crow. 

Trench, hedge and Aimnr, 
That water may thivongh. 

Deep dyke nvea much, 
FWnn drovers, and such. 

Amend mush wall. 
Crab boles and all. 

Geld bulls and rams. 
Sew ponds, amend dama. 
Sell Webster thy wool, 
Fruit gather, grapes pull. 
For fear of dnba. 

Fruit bruised, will roL 
Light ladder and long. 
Doth tree least wrong. 
Go gather with skill. 
And gather that will. 

Drive hive, good Coney, 
For wax, and for honey. 
No driving of hire^ 
Till years past Bve. 

Good dwellii^ ^ve b««. 
Or else goes she. 

Put boar in stye. 
Till Hallontide m^ 

With boar, good CSn, 
Let naught be amisa. 

Karle hemp, left green. 
Now pluck up clean. 
Drown hemp, as ye need. 
Once hsd out it* seed. 
I pray thee (good IS) 
Drown hemp in pit. 

or ell the rest, 
While hemp is best. 
I«t Bkilfull be gotten, 
L«t hemp prove roCtBi. 

Set strawberries, wife, 
I love them toi life. 

Plant reqie and rose. 
And such aa those. 





Let hogmbe na^ 
Botfa old asd Toun^ 

No HUM upon oak. 
No loaga unjoka. 
tf hog do cry, 
Gm ear and cjra. 

Hogi hauadng com, 
Vmjb,- • 

Good ciutom allow. 
No Mariog Willi dog, 
WhilM matt » for hog. 
Gat home with Ibc braka, 

Toaarre to bum. 

Sodi board aad pale, 
I* readf sale. 

Sawn lUb let He, 
For nable and stje. 
Saw-duit, spmd thick 
Hakes alle; trick. 

Keep safe Ihj ttntx. 
Son bieak-bedge thence : 
A dnb and ■ kiuTe, 
mil prowl to baie. 

e rigi thj plow, 
SoDoe milkA tbj cow. 
SB. Bed cur, or black. 

Few prowlers lack- 
SSL SoiK (teal, aotna [nlcb. 
Some bU awBj filch. 
Uark loHM with grief, 
Through prowling thief* 
u emdttli Sepltmber'i Abttract, agrtdng wilh 
Stplembti'i Htahandry. 

Now, fHend, ai je wish. 
Go sever thy fiah ; 
When friend ahidl came. 
To be sure of •ome. 

Thj ponds renew, 

Set bote like him : 
Set gilliflowen all. 
That growl on Ibe wall. 
Set bertia Kune moie, 
For winter More. 
Sow seed* for pot. 
For flawBB lOW not. 

WftuHbe kn lul 


. At Hichdmaa hghtly, new fanoe 
New hutbandr]' forceth him, new 
Old fiumer, still taking, tba time 

3. New ft 

On all that ia iallow, at Lent Lady-day ; 

In woodland, old iWrmer to that will not jield, 

Forloiing of pasture, and feed of hii field. 

3. PrOTide againit Hicbelmaa, barpin to make^ 
For him to gire over, to keep or to take ; 

ly enter, (« 
•llow, at Lei 

4. Ot»d hrm and w^l stored, good honnnganddry. 
Good com and good dairy, good market and nigh ; 
Good abephenl, good tillf"-", good Jack and 

good Gift 
Make husband and huawife their coffers to filL 

5. Let paature be stored, and fenced about. 
And tillage Kt forwaid, aa needeth without; 
Befbre ye do open your purse, to bupn 
With any thing doing, for &iu;y within. 

6. Noitoifaigof pasture mthbaggagcly tit. 
With ragged, with aged, and evil at hit 
Let earren and ban«n be shifted away, 
For bett is the best, whalsoerer ye pay. 

T. Horse, oxen, plough, Cumbrell, cart, waggon and 

Hie litfhler and stronger, the greater tby gain : 
'niesoil and the seed, with the sbeaf andtbe puri^ 
Tile lighter in substance, for profit the worse. 

. To borrow to-day, and te 

For lender and biMTOwer, nojance it is; 
Then have of your own, without lending unsi 
What followelh needful, bent learn if thou w 

, Barn-locked, gofe-ladder, short pitdiGiik, and 

Flail, straw fork, and rake, with a flm that is strong ; 
Wing, cartnBTB and bushel, peck, strike ready 

Oct outing shouelj bnK>m,and a sack with a band. 

. A stable well planked, <rilh key and with lock. 
Walls strongly well lined, to bear off* a knock ; 
A rack and a nianger, good litter and hay. 


A ptich-fbik, a dung-foik, sicre, skep, and « bin, 
A brootn, and a pail, to put water therein ; 
A hand-borrow, wheel-barrow, shovel, and spade^ 
A curry-comb, mane-comb, and whip for a jadft 

>. A puinell and wuitj, p*cfc-«ddle, uid pcd, 
A line to fctcb Utter, ud baiters for bead ; 
With crotchets and piiw,tti liang trinket! tbereoo. 
And itslile toMt chAined, that nothing be gone, 

;. Strong aile-trecd art, that ia clouted and shod, 
Cart-Udder and wimble, witli perscr and pod ; 
Wheel ladder for barrest, light-pitcb forks, and 

Shave, whip-lash well knotted, and cart-rope 

IT. ScTODg joks for a bog, ifith a twitdwr aod lingi, 
With tar in a tar-pot, for dangerons tbingl j 
A ibeep-mark, a lar-kettle, little or mkcfa. 
Two pottle* of tar to a pottle of pitch. 

3. Long ladder to hang, all along b; the wall, 
To reach for a need, to the tc^ of th; hall; 
Beam, scalca, with the woghts, that be icalcd and 

Sharp mole-spear with barbi, that the mol« da 

T. Ten laclci, whereof every one holilcth a coom, 
A puJling-hook handsome, iwbushea and broom; 
Light tumbrel and dung-crone, for easing Sir wag, 
Shouel, pickai, and mattock, witib bottle and bag. 

a. A grindstone, ■ whetstone, a hatcbct and bill. 
With hammer.and English nail, sorted with skill; 
A frower of Iron, for cleBving of lath. 
With roll for a saw-pit, good htubandrr hath. 

9. A short saw, and long saw, to cut a-two loga. 
An aie, and on adze, to make trough for thy bogs; 
A Dover Court beetle, and wedges with ateel, 
Strong leier to raise up the block from the whcoL 

10. Two ploughs and a plough-chain, tn 
three shftres, 
Wilb ground clouts and side clouts for soil that 

U. A plough-beetle, ploagb-staff, to further 
Great clod to asunder that breaketh so rough 
A sled for a plough, and another for blocks, 
For chimney in winter, to bum up their docka. 

IS. Sedge-coltars for plough-house, for li^ttnets of 

Good seed and good sower, and also seed peck ; 
Strong oxen and borsee, well shod, and wcU clad, 
Well meated and used, tor making thoe sad. 

19. A barley-iake, toodwd with iron and steel, 
Like ^iir of barrows, and roller doth well ; 
A sling for a mother, a bow for a boy, 
A whip for a carter, is boigb de la rojr. 

14. A brush acytbe, and graia-uythe, with rifle to 

A cradle for barley, with rubstone and sand ; 
Sharpnckleandweeding-hook, hay-fork and rake, 
A meak for the pease, and to swinge up the brake. 

15. Short nkes for to gather up barley la bind. 
And greater to rake up such learingi bdiind ; 
A nke for to bale up, the filches that lie, 

A pke for lo pike them up, bandscon* to diy. 

16. A skuUle or skreen, lo rid soil from the com. 
And sbeating-sheers ready, for sheep to be shorn; 
A fork and a hook, to be tampVing in ch 
A latb-hammer, trowcll, a hod or a tray. 

1 9. Sharp-cutdng spade, for the dividing of mow. 
With bkuppat and skavell, that manb-men allow: 
A sickle to cut with, a didall and cromc. 
For draining of ditches, tlat noycs tbee at homf. 

SO. A claveslock, and rabbetstock, carpcnten crave. 
And seasoned timber, for jnnwood to have ; 
A jock for to saw upon, fuel Tor fire, 
For sparing of lire-wood and sticks irom the miiB. 

81. Sole^ fetten, and ibackles with horse-lock aod 


A cow-house for winter, so meet to be had, 

A itye for a boor, and a hogseote for b(^, 

A rooM for thy hens, and a couch for thy dog. 

Sert endrth HttAoTi^ Furmturt, 

9. Thresh seed, and to fanning, September dodi cry. 
Get plough lotbe field, and be sowjiu of rye: 
To harrow the ridges, ore ever ye strike. 
Is one piece of husbandry Suffolk doth like. 

10. Sow Umcly tfay whito-wlieat, sow rye in the dust. 
Let seed have his longing, let soil have ber lust : 
Let rye bo partaker of Michelmos spring. 
To bear out the hardness that winter doth bring. 

Lest rye toiry wheat, li 

it shed OS it stood. 

19. If soil do desire to have rye with the vrfieat. 
By growing together, for sifely more great ; 
Let wbito-wbent be t'onc, be it dear, be it die^i, 
Tlie sooner to ripe, for the sickle to reap. 

IS, Though beans be in sowing, but scattered in. 
Yet wheat, rye, and peason, I lore not too thin : 
Sow barley and dredge with a plentifiil hand. 
Lest weed, stead of need, ovetgroweth thy land. 

14. No sooner a sowing, but out by and by. 
With mother or boy, that alarum can ciy ; 

\S. Seed sown, draw a fbrrow, the water to drain. 
And dyke up such ends, as in harm do remain ; 
For driving of cattle, or roving that way, 
Which being prevented, ye hinder their prey. 

16. Saint Michel doth Ind thee, amend the marsh wall. 
The breck and Ibe crab-bole, the f(H«land and all : 
One noble, in season, bestowed thereon. 
May save tbec a hiuulred, ere winter tic .gdoe. 


17. Now geld widi Oe gdder, tba nm and tlw bull, 
SewpimdaiUaeDd dams, aiid aell irebner thjwool : 
Ou^ fruit go ud gBlIur, but Dot in Iba dew, 
With cnb and tbe walnut for fear of a ihrew. 

18. Tba moon in the wane, gather <hiit (at to Un, 
But winter ihiit gatber, when Michel is put ; 
Though michen llut Idtc not to buy or to craTc, 
Hake Hime gatticr (ooDor, else few for to have. 

19. Fniit gathered too timely will laste of the wood, 
Will shrink and be bitter, and seldom prore good; 
So fruit that i* tlaiken, and bait off* a ttvc. 
With bruising in falling, soon ftult; will be. 

aO. Now bum up tbe beet, that ye mind for to drlre. 
At Hidsununer driTC them, and save tlwni aliTe; 
Place hiTC in good slcr, set southly and warm. 
And take in due neamoo, wai, honey and awarm. 

91. Set hiTS on a plank, not too low by the ground, 
Aad boards lo defend it from north and north.«ast, 
niomibDwcrs and nibbikh.froiUTcriniu and beast. 

9t. At Michel mas, aafcly, go stye up the boar, 
LeM straying abroad, ye do :«»him no morei 
Tba sooner the better for hallontide ntgb. 
And better be brawnelli, if bard be do lie. 

as. Shift boar (for ill air) as best ye do think, 

AimI twice a-day, give himfrc^h vitlleanddiink; 
And diligent Cisley, my dairy good wench, 
M«kc d^nly his csbiu, for meatling and stench. 

H. Now pluck up thy hemp, and go beet out the aeed. 
And afterward water it, a* ye (e« need j 
But not in tbe riTer, wbere cattle should drink. 

S5. Hemp buswifely used, looks clearly and bri|^ 
And selleth itself, by the colour so white : 
Some uaeth to water it, some do it not. 
Be ikilfuU in doing, for fear it do rot. 

K. Wtfo, into thy garden, and set me a plot. 
With KrawbeiTy roots, of the best to be got ; 
Such growing abroad, among thorns in the wood. 
Well chosen and picked, prorc excellent good. 

S7. Tbe barberry, rcspis and gooseberry too. 
Look now to be planted, as other things do : 
^le gooaeberry, respis, and roses all three. 
With BirawbeiTies under them, trimly sgrN. 

n. To gather aome mast, it shall stanj thee upon, 
wA serrant and children, ere mast be all gone : 
SoDie left amotig bushes shall pleanure thy swine; 
For (eer of a mischief, keep acoros fro lane. 

9Sk From rooting of pesture, ring hc^ ye had need. 
Which being well ringled, the better do feed. 
Ilungh young with thor etden will lightly keqi 

Tet spare not to ringle both great and the rest. 

SO. TiAe aeldom thy swine, while the shack time 
doth last. 
For diTeiB misfortmies that h^ipen too Cut j 
Or if ye do (mcj whole ear of tbe bog, 
cit* eye to iU.iwighl>oiir, and his dog. 

91. Keep hog, I adrlie thee, from meadow and cots. 
For out doud crying, that ere he was bom : 
Sudi lawless, so haunting, both often and long. 
If dog tet him chaunting, be doth thee no wrong, 

39. Where lore among neigbbouni dotfa bear any 

While shack time endureth, men use not to yoke: 

Yet surely ringling is needful and good. 

Till fnet do invite them to brakes m the wood. 

33. Gcthomewiththybrakeeereaosummerbegoncv 
For tcddcred cattle, Ut sit tbeici'pon ; 

To corer thy bore), to brew and to bake. 
To lie in the bottom, where hovel ye make. 

34. Now saw out thy timb«', for board and fbr pate. 
To have it unshaken, and leady for sale i 
Bestow it, and stick it, and lay it aright. 

To find it in March, to be rcsdy in plight 

35. Save slap of thy timber, for stable and Mye, 
For hone and for hog, the more cleanly to lie ; 
Save saw-diut and brick-dust, and ashes so fine. 
For alley to walk in, with neighbour of ihiike. 

36. Keep safely and warily thine uttermost friwa, 
With and break bedge,do seldomdiqienaa : 
Such run about pronlen, by night and by day. 
See punished justly, for prowling away. 

37. At noon if it bloweth, at night if it ahina. 

Out trudgeth Hew Make^^ift, with hoolc and 

with line ; 
Whiles Gillct, his blouse, ii a milking thy cow. 
Sir Hew is ■ rigging thy gale, or thy plow. 

38. Such walk with a black, or a red little car. 
"Hat open will, quickly, if any thing stur : 
Then squalleth the master, or tmdgeth away. 
And af^r dog runneth, as &st ai he may. 

99. Some prowleth for iiiel, and smne away rig 
Fat gooae, and the capon, duck, hen, and the [ng i 
Some prowleih for acortu, to f^ up their swine. 
For com and for apples, and aU that is thine. 

3%w mdttlt Seplembtr'i Svibmdry. 

1 . Lit dry up and round. 

For barley, thy ground. 
a. Too late doth kill. 

Too soon is as iU. 
S. Maida> little and great. 

Pick clean seed wheal. 

Good ground doth crave. 

Choice seed to have. 

Flails lustily tbwacli, 

Lest plougb-seed ladL. 
i. Seed first, go fetch. 

For ediah, or etch. 

Soil porfbctly know, 

Ereedish ye sow. 
5. White wheat. If ye pleaae. 

Sow now upon ptaiai 

Sow fint the bat. 

But w 
That aowMfa ill wed. 
T, Now, better ttuD later, 
Drew fuimw (or wattf. 
Keep crows, good >oa ; 
See fencing be done. 

8. Each soil no vein, 
For eiery gnia. 
Though aoil be but bad. 
Some coro maj be bad. 

9. Naught proie, naugbt erne. 
Naught venture, naught haTC. 

10. One cnqi, and awaf. 
Some country nuj arf. 

11, All gniel and sand, 
la not the ben land, 
A rottenl; mould, 
la land worth gould. 

18. Why wheat is snitteD, 
Good leiaon i« written. 

Below in tfaat redge. 
31. Sow aconu Ml proiei 

That timber do lo*& 
SSt. Sow hasting* now, 

iriand it allow. 

33. Learn soon to get, 
A good quiduet. 

34. For fear of the wotb^ 
Make fkt awa; &nt. 

36. Fat that no more. 
Ye keep for More. 

36. Hide carren in greTc^ 
Len noiance to lia*b 

37. Hog measeled kill, 
For Floning that will. 

38. With pwaebolt and bnke. 
Some brew and bak& 

39. Old corn worth gold. 
So keep as it shold. 

40. Much profit ii rei^t. 
By sloea weU k^il. 

41. Keep sloes upon bow. 
For Oiiofthyeow. 

42. Of veiiuice be sure. 
Poor cattle to cuiv. 

Mot good for eom. 

15, Land iMkiren doth bear. 
Small Mraw, short ear. 

16. Here must thou md. 
For soil what seed. 

IT. 'Til try'd everr hour. 
Beat grviu, moat flour. 

18. Croia com, much bran. 
The baker doth ban. 

19. What cioppen be. 


SO. Few, after crop mucb. 

But noddies, and such. 
31. SiHne woodland may crake. 

Three crops he m«y take. 
as. FirM barley, Uien pene. 

Then wheat, if ye plane. 
83. Two crops and away. 

Most champion say. 
34. Where barley did grow. 


er, Itti 

36, What champion knows. 
That custom shews. 

86. First barley ere rye. 

Then pease by and by ; 
Then &Ilow fiir wheat. 
Is husbandry great. 

37. A lemedy eeot. 
Where pease lack Teat : 
Fat pease-fed swine. 
For drover is fine. 

3)3. Each diverie soil. 
Hath divene toiL 

That some refuse. 
SO. For wheat, ill land. 

Where water doth stand. 

Cin, have an eys 
To boat in stye. 
By malt, ill kept. 
Small profit is teapt. 

Friend, ringlc thy hog, 
For fear of a dt^. 
Bye-strew up stad. 
Lest Thacker do bck. 

Wheat-elnw, dry saTe, 

(Sead thiwh'd) thou shal^ 
Thresh barley to mah. 
Cut bushes to badge. 

For rotting away. 

Make veijuice and psry. 

Sow kemell and berry. 

Now gather up flruit. 
Of every suit. 
Marsh wall, loo slight. 
Strength now, or good night- 
Mend walls of mud. 
For now it is gaoi. 
Whcte aosl is of sand, 
QoieksM oat «f hand. 


To ploM not fyi. 
Add bninble uid bnU. 
WWit mmith hath an B. 



btta moMh pAiL 

1. No« lar up tfaj bBrier-'hnd, diy u j* cm. 
Wbeneier 7c aow it, wi look for it than : 
G« daily bcftrdniid, be oerer bahiikl, 
L«« wintB- piermtiiig, do alter thy miud. 

S. Who lajeth up bUow, too Hioa or too wM, 
With noiiiica aanj, doth barle; boot 1 
For weed and the water *o aoidLMli and mck^ 

3. Gnan rjt in SepUraber, nbcn lundj tbou haat, 
October for wbeat-aowing calleth aa fiM 1 
If wcalber wW mSer, tfaiB couDset I giiB, 
Lc«T« lowing of wheat, befbn Hallowmai ere. 

•L Where whoU npni eddiah ye mind to beMow, 
let thU be Ibe firM of the wheal ye do aow : 
He aeemeth to heart it, and comfbrt to bring. 
That preth it comfort of Michaelmaa ifaing. 

5. Whits wheat npon vimn tlch dotb grow ai he 
But fallow ii beet, if we did aa we should : 
Yet where, haw, and when, ye intsnd to begin, 
Let erer the fineat, be fii^ aowcn in. 

e. Who K>weth in rain, be Aall rap it with teaia. 
Who towelh in harms, he is ever in tban : 
Who soweth ill aaeal, or defiaudeth hia land, 
Hath eyB4ore abroad, with a corse at hand. 

7. Seedhuibandlyaoweii, water-furrow thy ground, 
"nat rain when it comMh, may run away round : 
Tlten stir about Nkalt, with arrow and bow, 
Take peuny for killing of every crow. 

8. Each loil hath no liking, of every grain, 
Nor barley and wheat, ii for every vein 1 
Tct know I no oountry, 10 barren of mbI, 
Bat aome kind of com may be gotten with toiL 

S, In ttuiidjBti where rye, bnt no barley did grow. 
Good barley I bad, a* a many did know. 
Five leam of an acre, I truly WM paid. 
Fee thirty load muck, of each acre >o laid. 

10. In SufbH again, whveaa wheat never (nvw, 
Goo^uabudry uied, good wheat land I knew, 
Thi* proverb) eipeiieiGe long ago gave. 

, Aa gravd and Hnd, ie for IT* and Mt nfeeal^ 
(Or ykldeth hvbiudBi,tot'one tin man gnat} 
80 peaaoD and barley deligiit not in aand ; 
But rather in lay, or in rottcner land. 

. Wheat MNoetiiDe is steely, or burnt ea it growa. 
For pride or fbr poreity, practice lo knows. 
Too luity of courage, for wheat doth not well. 
Nor sAcr Bit Peder he lovcth to dwell. 

, Much wetneao, hog-iootlng, and famd out of 

Hakes thistles a titimber, forthwith to upstart : 
If ddatlet 10 growing, prove tuaty and long. 
It dgnjfieth land to be hearty and strong. 

. At land fon oT tilth, and in licaity good plight, 
Tieldi bladetoa Iengtb,andencreMethin might-. 
8a crop upon crop, on whose courage we doubt. 
Yields blade for a brag, but it holdetb not out. 

. Theatraivandtheear,lohavebigneiaandleiiglh, 
Bett^eneth laud, to be good and in atrength 1 
If ear be but ihort, and the straw be but uiall. 
It signjAeth bareness, and barren wlthalL 

White wheat or else red. red rivet or white. 
Far paaaeth all other, fbr land that is light; 
While poUard or red, that so ricbly is se^ 
For land that is heavy, is best y* can get. 

. Gray wheat is the g roes ce t, yet good for the d^, 
Hiough worst fbr the maiiet, as himer will layt 
Much like unto rye, be his properties found, 

. Oats,r7e,orelsebaTl«y, andwbeatthatisgniy. 
Brings land out of coiofoTl, and nan (o decay ; 
One after auother, no comfort between. 
Is cn^ upon crop, M will quickly be seen. 

Still at>p upon C30p, many farmers do take 
And re^ little profi^ for greediness sake. 
Iliough bread-cam and drink.«om, such crop- 

pen do aland. 
Count peaaon or bruik, as a comfort to lan& ' 

, Good land that ia severall, crt^ may have thre^ 
in champion country, it may not so be j 
Pone taketb Ui SI 

The tMbar with reaaon, may othcnnaa aay. 

. Scote uaeth at flra^ a good bUow to mab^ 
To sow tbereOD bailey, the better to take. 
Next that to eow pease, and of that to sow wbea^ 
Then fUlow sgabi, or lie lay for thy neat 

. First rye, and then baiiey, the champion ■ay% 
Or wheat before barley, be champion ways : 
But diink before bnad-com, with Middlesex 

Then I19 on more compaa, and iUlow ^ain. 

S*. Wbm barley je tow, sAcr rye or dn wfae*^ 
If land be unluM;, the crop ii not great i 
So lose je your con, (o your conie and nnBR, 
And land (aveibuidencd) ii clean out of heart. 

3J> Eiceptloni take, of the champion l&nd, 
From lying Blangi from thai at thj hand : 
(JuBt by)yemaycinnfart,Hith compaa at wil] ; 
Far off, ye muat comfort, with &tcv and akill, 

-Se. Where rye or else vheat, either barley ]re N>w, 
Let codmie be neit, themipoD tor to grow ; 
Thus having two crops, whereof codware ii t^one, 
'niou bBEt the IcH need, to lay coM thereupon. 

S7. Some br fro the market, delight not in pease. 
For that er'ry chapman, (bey teem nottopleaae; 
If Tcnt of the mai^cet-place, serre thee not ««!], 
Set bog* up a btting, to droret to leU. 

, Vllb itnw-inip and pease-bolt, with fem and 

For sparing of fuel, ■ome brew and do bake ; 
And beateth their copper, for seething of 

minsi — 
Good servant rewarded, refusalh no pains. 

id full twenty 

39. Good t 

weeka kept. 
Is better than new, that at harrest is teapt : 
But foiMy tlie bread-corn, and bowd-eaten mal^ 
For health orfor pntBt, find noisame thou ihalt. 

4a By th'end of October, go gather up iloea, 
Have thou in a resdinesa, plenty of those ; 
And keep them in bed straw, or still on the 

To stay both the flii, of thyself and thy cow, 

41. Seeth water, and plump thoran plenty of sloea. 
Mil chalk that is dried, in powder with those; 
Which so, if ye give, with the water and chalk. 
Thou makeat the lux ih> thy cow away walk, 

43. Be aiier of vergis {u gallon at least). 

So good for the kitchen, lo noedfuli for beast : 
It helpcth thy cattle, so feeble and fun^ 
If timely sucb cattle, with it thou k 

aXw miUtk Octoicr't Hitiiuidry. 

r, anuoyetb too much. 

Sa Wherow 

Bestow not thy wheat, upon kanil that is such j 
But rather sow oat*, or dae bullimoDg thsre, , 
Grey peason, or ruitcivBls, filches, or tare. 

31. Sow acorns, ye owners that timber do loTC^ 
Sow haw and rye with them, the better to prove: 
If caUleorconey may enttr to ct(q>. 
Young oak is in danger, of loaing tnal 

32. Who peasecodi delighleth to have with the Bnt, 
If now ye do sow £em, I think it not wont ; 
The greeiwr thy peaion, and warmer (he room. 
More lusty tbe layer, moie plenty they come. 

33. Go plow up or delve up, advised with ikilL 
Hie breadth irf' a ridge, and in length as ye will ; 
Wliere speedy quickset, for a ience ye will draw. 
To sow in the seed of the bramble and haw. 

34. Through plenty of sconn, tbe poritling to &t 
Not taken in season, may perish by that : 

If rattling or iwdling, get once to tbe throat, 
• Thou losest diy porkling, a crown to a groat 

39. Whatever thing fat i^ agun if it &il, 

Tbouvent'reil tbe thiDg,and the &tneiairitball: 
The fktter tbe better, to sell or to kill. 
But not to continue, make proof if ye will. 

ng dietb, go 

9f ground, oi 
Such pestilent smell, of a carrenly thing. 
To cattle and people, great peril may bring. 

. Thy measeled baconJic^, sow, or thy boar. 
Shut up for to heal, for infecting thy slote : 
Or kill it for bacon, or souse it to sdl, 
Vat Fl«mmii% that loves it so daintily well. 


1. Let hog, once bt. 
Lose nothing of (hat. 
When mast is gone, 
Hog falleth anon. 
StilT Est up some. 
Till Shravedde come. 
Now pork and souse, 

S. Put barley a nuldog. 
Lay Sitchcs a salting. 
Through folly, too beaatly. 
Much bacon ii rtratXj. 

3. Smdc wiiwow, soma &D, 
Some cast that can. 

In casting provide. 
For seed luy aside. 

4. Thresh bailey thou shalt. 
For chapman to milt ; 
Else tiircsh no mo^ 
But for thy store. 

j. Till March, thresh wheat. 
But as ye do eat 1 
Lest b^er forsake it. 
If foistinesa take it. 

6. No< 


le look thin. 
1. Sow Hastings now. 
That Hastings allow. 

8. They buy it full dear. 
In winter that rear. 

9. Few fowls, less swine. 
Rear now, fiiend i ' 

la What loss, what st 
Through ravening 




Dew mat u > tbief . 
IS. Set gvlikcaad pewe. 
Saint Ednumd to pleaie. 

13. Wheu nJD tokei place. 
To tluesliing apace- 

14. Hkd brun, too rough, 
Hon all at plougti. 
With Aail aD4 whjp^ 
Fat ben, ibort ikipi. 

15. Some threiliiiig by task. 
Will Meal, and not ask. 
Such thnaber at night. 
Walks seldDni home ligbt. 
Some com Hway lag. 

In bottle and bag. 
Some steals Tor a jesi, 
Egga out of tbe attu 

16. Lay Bto*ET up diy. 
In iKilcr to tic. 

Poor bullock doth atrt. 
Fresh straw to hare. 

17. Make weekly up floor, 
l^iougli tfarcslier do lour. 
1«7 grain in loft. 

And turn it oi^ 

18. For muck regud, 
Make clean foul yanl. 
Ijiy straw to rot, 

In wat'ry plot. 
19^ Hcadlaod up plow, 

90. Fn* herbs good store, 

Trench ganlen more 
81. At tnidoigbttry 

Foul priyies to fye. 
SS. Rid chimncj of soot. 

From top to the foot. 

53. In stable put now, 
Thy hones for plow. 

54. Good borMk«f>0 will. 
Lay muck upon hill. 

35. Cut mole-bills, that tiand 
So thick upon land. 
ntdcth Ntvt m ber'i .AbMtracI, agrrtaig ■ 
Mmfer'i Hutieniby. 

GM pole, boy mine ! 
Beat haws lo twine 
Drive hog to the wood, 
Brake-roota be good. 

For mitcMef that falls, 
Jjoak well to matsb walla. 
Dry layer get neat. 
And pfeDty of meat. 

CuiBl cattle that nurleth. 
Poor weiiDel loon hurteth, 
Good ndghbour miiM^ 
Ring well thy awloe. 

Men tniU IfaMmttr'i M«nt Acawminnca, 

t. Ai Hatlontide, slaugbter-tiine cntereth in, 
And then doth tbe husbandman's feasting b^n : 
From thence unto ShroreCide, kill now and then 

Their offiJl for botubold the better will come. 

2. Thy dredge and thy barley go thresh out to malt. 
Let maltster be cunning, else lose it thou shalt : 
Th' encrcasc of s seam, ii a biiihel for store. 
Bad else ia the barley, or huswife much mote. 

i. Some uieth to winnow, tome uscth to fan. 
Some uieth to cast it, as dean as tbej can. 
For aeed go and cast it ; for malting not so. 
But get out the cockle, and then let it go. 

I. Thredi barley as yet, but a> need shall lequiie, 
Freih threshed for stoTer, thy cattle desire; 
And therefore that threshing, forbear as ye may, 
TW, Candlemai coming, for sparing of luiy. 

5. Sucfa wheat as ye keep, for the baker to buy, 
Unthmhed till March, in the sheaf let it Ue; 
Leat foistinen take it, if sooner ye thresh it. 
Although by oft turning, ye teem to refraih it. 

B. Saie cbaJFof the barley, of wheat, and of rye. 
From feathers and foistiness, wh^e it doth lie ; 
Which mixed with com, b«ng lifled of dust, 
Go give to thy cattle, when serre than ye must. 

7. Green pcaaon, or Hastings, at Hallontide sow, ' 
In hearty good soil, he requireth to grow : 
Grey peaaon, or rundvals, cheerly to itand, 
' ~ " I, widi a plenlifull hand. 

Except ye have wherewith to fat them away^ 
Tbe fewer thou keepest, keep better ye may. 

9. Totearup much poultry.and want tbe bain door. 
Is nought fbr the poults, and w«te for the poor ; 
So now to keep boigs, and to starve them for meal, 
It, at to keep dogs, fbr to bawl in the street. 

). As cat a goodoMMiMr, i> needful! in boutc^ 
Becaute for ber commooa the killeth the mouae ; 
So ravening curt, as a many do keep, 
Makes maaterwantmeat, and bit dog to kill iheep. 

IS. Set gwlike and beana at St. E^dmond the king. 

13, WheD nin 1* • let, to dijr didng* abroad. 
Set threibera a threshing, to by on good load : 
Thraah dean, ye must Ud than, though leata 

they earn. 
And locAing to thriTe, have an tyo to thy bam. 

15. Some pilfering thresher will walk vilh a Maf^ 
Will carry home com, as it is in the chaJT; 
And some in hii bottle of leather «o great, 
Will cany home, doily, both barley luid irbeat. 

16. If house-room will serve thee, lay Mover up dry, 
And every soit, by itaelf iW to lie; 

Or stack It forlitter, if roombe toopoor. 
And thatch out the reddne, noying thy door. 

IT. Cause weekly thy thresher, to make up his floor, 
Tltough slotbfuU and pilfers- thereat do lour t 
Take tub for a season, take sack for a shift ; 
Yet gamer for grain, is the better for thrift. 

18. All manner of straw, that is scattered in yard, 
Oood husbandly husbands haie daily r^id. 
In pit, full of water, the same to bcMow, 
Wbere lying to rot, thereof profit may grow. 

19. Now plough up thy headland, or delve it with 

le profit but little is ixiade ; 
And caat it up high, upon hillocks to stand 
That winter may rot it, to conqias thy land 

a yard, from ■ 
Which being well filled with rouck by and' by. 
Go cover with mould, for a s 

flhall make very many things better to grow. 

29. The chimney all sooty, would now be made clean. 
For fear of misdiances, too oftentime* seen : 
Old chimney and sooty, if fier once take. 
By burning and breaking, arane nuscliief may 

93. Wben ploughing is ended, and pasture not great, 
' Titen steMe thy horses, and tend tbem with meat : 
Let season be dry, when ye take tbem to house, 
. For danger of nits, or for fear of a louse. 

S4. Imj compaa up, handstnnely, round on a hill. 
To ynik in thy yard, at thy Measure and will ; 
More compaa it maketfa, and handsome the plot, 

' If bono-heepat, daily, forgetteth it not. 

as. MakehillockBofmolo-hills, in field thorougbont. 
And so to remain, til! the year go about i 
Make also the like, whet^ plots be too higfa, 
All winter a rotting, for compas to lie. 

Tkiu mdM Nmember't Hiatondiy. 


I. No season to hedge. 

Get beetle and wedge. 

Cleave logs now all. 

For kitEhen and ball, 
fi. Dull working tools. 

Soon courage cools. 

3. Leave off tittle tattle. 
And look to thy cattle. 
Serve young poor elves. 
Alone by theinielves. 

4. Warm barth for neat. 
Worth half their meat. 
Tbe elder that uurteth. 
The younger soon hurteth. 

5. House cow that is old. 
While winter doth hold. 

S. But once in a day. 

To drink and to liaj. 
7. Get Trusty to serve. 

Lest cattle do sterve^ 

And such as in deed. 

May help at a need. 
J. Observe this law, 

9. In walking about. 

Good fork spy out, 
3. At full, and at change. 

Spring tides are strange. 

If doubt ye &ay. 

Drive caUle svrayi 
L Dank ling, forgot. 

Will quickly rot. 
I. Here leani and try. 

To turn it, and dry. 
j. Now stocks remove. 

That orchards love. 
i. Set stock to grow, 

Too thick, nor too low. 

Set now, OS they come, 

Both cherry and plum. 
>. Sheep, hog, and ill bnal. 

Bids stock to ill feast. 
;.. At Christmas is good. 

To let thy hone blood. 
r. Mark here what rabble 

Of evils in stable. 
<. Mil weU (<dd fttBT) 

Hoise^om widi clbaff. 

Let Jack nor GUI, 

Fetch com at will. 
>. Some countries gift. 

To make hard shift. 

Some cattle well fare. 

With fitches and tare. 

Fitches and tants. 

Be Norfolk wares. 
•. Tares thresh'd with skill. 

Bestow as ye wilL 
. Hide sbawberrie^ wife. 

To save their life. 
I. Knot, border, and all. 

Now cover ye sbalL 
. Help bees' sweet Goo<7, )q|^' 

With ^mior.and bower. O 

ItM endttk Dtcemter't ^Mract, agnang with Dt- 


i. Tbahonongcf canla, whila wfater doth hidd ; ' 
Im good tar all mch ai an fecbla Mid old : 
It WTedi much ccmpaA, mnd nunj a Bleep, 
And fparetfa die paMure for walk of thy tbcup. 

0. For tJiargea lo little, much quiet is won. 

If itrDngly and handsomely all things be dona ; 

But UH (o untackle them once in ■ day. 

To rub and to lick them, to drink and to play. 

7. Get Trusty to t<od them, not lubberly 'squirt^ 
That all the day long hatb hi* noae at the tie i ' 
Nor truM onto childiiien, poor cattle Iv feed. 
But Boefa as ba able to help, a( a iwtd. 

t firtt, then wheat-atrav and 

Yard dms to lie. 
No labour, no sweat ; 
Go lahoar for heat. 

F«*d dona, but kill not, 
If 'Mpoy them, ye will not. 
Fat bog, ere ye kill it. 
Or elai ye do spiB it. 

Put ox in still. 

Sec brawn sod tendc. 
For wifo, fruit buy, 

Hakes many ill think ; 
Both meal andcwrt, 
111 dreal, hair lost. 

Who imth wbenwitl^l, 
May cheer when he shall : 
But charged man. 
Mum cheer as he can. 

Btrt aub Jeee m far't diari JlmonArann*. 


1. Whem fiott will not snSer to dike and to hedge, 
Then get thee a beat, with thy beetle and wedge : 
Once Hallowmas come, and a Are in the hal^ 
Such slivers do well foe lo lie by the walL 

2. Gctgrindslaiwandwbel*tonefi>rtaomMtiidiill, 
Or often be letted, and fret belly (kill : 

A wbeeUbairow also be ready to have. 

At hand of thy Nxrant, thy cempaa to svra. 

3. Give cattle their fiMUer in plot dry and warm, 
And count than fbr ndiii^, or other like hann ; 
Toung colts witli thy wenneti together go ssre. 

4. Hie lack it commended for saving of dang, 
Tv set aa the old caunot mischief the young. 
In lempeat (the wind being notthly or aaat) 
Waim banha iindei Iwdgi^ is a succour to baw 

"nwn love they no stnw, they had rather to fast ! 

9. Toke^foriu, and such other, let bailiff spy out. 
And gather the same, as he walketh about ; 
And after, at leisure, let this be his hire. 
To beath them and trim them, at borne by the fl&. 

10. As well at the fiill of the moon, as the change) 
Sea lages, in winter, be suddenly strange : 
Thn look to thy marshea, if doubt be to Aay, 
Forfearor(>w_^rt«) have cattle away. 

11. Both salt fish and ling fish (if any ye have), 
Through shifting anddrying, from rotting bo saTc ; 
Lest winter wiUi moistness do make it relent. 
And put it in hazard, before it be spenL 

d upon ladder, if bggota be gone : 
For breaking (in turning} have very good eye. ' 
And tdame not the wind, so the wo^er be dry. 

9. Good Atdt and good plenty dotb well in theloA, 
Then make thee an orchard, and cheri^ it oft ; 
For plant or for stock, lay afbrehand to cast. 
But set, or remove it, ere Christmas be past. 

To stand u be stood, is a pan of his pride. 
More filler, more worthy at cost to remove. 
More steady ye set it, more hkely to [rove. 

15. To teach and unteach, in a school is unmeet] 
To do, and unia, lo the purse is unsweet : 
Then orchard or bop-yard, so trimmed irith coaV 
Should not, tlirough fiilly, be spoiled end lost. 

IS. Ere Chrialmas i>e passed, let hone be let blood. 
For many a purpose, it doth them much good. 
The day of St. Stephen, old ralbers did use ) 
If that do millike thee, some other day use. 

IT. LoiA well to thy horses in stable thou must. 
That hay be not foisty, nor chair l\il] of dust ) 
Nor stone in their provender, feather, nor doli. 
Nor fed with green peason, for breeding of botsii 

1 out provender so, 
a often doth go, 

t, fortiwtaad for this, 

Thaton-kAiseiapiad, tr* chapman bath hial 

1 9> Some countiua are pjndied of maadaw fbr bay. 
Yet cue it with fitches, a* well » the; ma; ; 
Which ioncd and threihed, and husbandly dight, 
. Kccpa labcniiiiig cattle, in reiy good plight* 

90. Id threshing out 6tch«, one point I will shew, 
Fint throb out fpr seed of the filches a few : 
Thresh few &d thy plough-house, thresh cleaa 

Ttaa order in Noifolk good huri>and> allow. 

St. If &o«t do continue, take this Ibr a law, 

"Die ilniwbemes look to be covered widi atrav. 
Laid overljr trim upon crotches and bowi. 
And >Aer uncorered, as weather allows. 

aa. The ^lliSower alio, the skilfiill do know. 
Doth look to be corered in frost and in snow : 
The knot and the bonier, and rosemary gay, 
IK> craie the like succoor, for dying away. 

SS. Go look to thj bees. If the hive be too Ugbt, 

i. In meadow or pasture (ti> grow the tnon fine). 

Let ounpers be cam{dng in any of tbine ; 

Which if ye do suffer, when low is the spring, 

You gain to yourself a commodious thing. 

Zittu eiukth Dsctmber'M Muibandry. 



Lsiii .husbandry sleeping awhile ye mast do. 
To learn of housekeeping a lesson or two : 
Wbaterer is tent thee, by travel and pain, 
A time there is lent thee, to render't again. 
Although ye defend it, unspent for to be. 
Another shall spend it, — no thank unto thee. 
Uowerer we cUmb to accomplish the mind. 
We haTc but a time, Ifaeieof profit to find. 

Or God to thy dinngs, a time there is sent. 
Which endeth with lime that in doing is spent: 
For time is itself, but a time for a time. 
Forgotten full soon, as tlu tune of a chfane. 

Id spring-time we rear, we do sow, and we plant ; 
In Summer get victuaU, lest after we want. 
In Harrest, we carry in com, and tbe iruit. 
In Winter to spend, as we need of each suit 

Tbe year I compare, as I find fbr a tnitb. 
The Spring unto Childhood, tfae Summer to Youth. 
The Hanest to Manhood, the Winter to Ag^ 
All quickly forgot, aa a play on a stage. 

Time past is forgotten, ere men be aware : 
Hme present is thought on, with wondetiiil care : 
Time coming is bared, and therefore we saTS 
Yet oA ere it come, we be gfna to tbe grave. 


LIFE AND HjraiBa. 

Who living, but daily discern It he may, 
How life as a shadow, doth ranish away, 
And nothing to count on, so siier to trust, 
As siier of death, and to turn into dust. ~ 

Hie lands and the riches that here we possess. 
Be none of our own, if a God we profeas ; 
But lent uBOf him, as his talent of gold. 
Which being demanded, who can it withhold ? 

God maketh no writing, that justly doth say. 
How long we shall have it — a year or a day : 
But leave it we must (howsoever we leeve, 
When Atrop shall pluck us, from hence by the sleeve. 

To Death we must stoop, be we high, be we low. 
But how, and how suddenly, few be that know ; 
What carry we then but a slwet to tbe grave. 
To cover this carcass, of all that we have? 


What 4ben of this talent, while ban we raoiain. 
But study to yield it to God with a gain ? 
And that sfaall we do, if we do it not hid. 
But use and bestow it as Christ doth us bid. 

What good to get riches, by breaking of sleep. 
But (having the same} a good house for to kee,< I 
Not only to bring a good fkme to thy door. 
But also the prayer to win of the poor. 

Of all other d<HngB, house-keeping is fhi ^ , 
For daily it helpeth tbe poor with relief: — 
The neighbour, the sbmnger, and all that have need. 
Which causelh thy doings the better to speed. 

Though hearicen to this, we should ever among. 
Yet chiefly at Chriktmas, of all the year long ; 
Good cause of that use may appear by the name, 
Though nif^ardly niggards do kick at the same. 


Or Christ Cometh Christmas, the name irith the feast, 
A time full of joy, to 4e greatest and least; 
At Chiiitoias was Christ, our Saviour, bom, — 
The world through sin altogether forlorn. 

At Christmas the days do begin to take length. 
Of Christ doth religion, chiefly, take strmgtli : 
As Christmas is oiil}' a figure or trope. 
So only in Christ is the strength of ourlM^ie. 

At Christmas we banquet, tbe rich with tbe poor, - 
Who then, but the miser, but openetb his door 7 
At Christmas, of Christ many carols we nng. 
And give many gifts, in tfae joy of that king. 


At rJiri rt m — , In Cheat w* njolee, ud ba gUd, 
Ai oiiel J of irbom our oomfbcl ii bad : 


Ln nich (lo bntutiol) liking not thU, 
Mot taj thing honeit, that mcleat u, 
Gne placa to the time thit to meet we do tte, 
AppoiDted of Qui, as it aeeuieth to be. 

In ham albd in Eoller, worth manj a pound : 
With plentj of other things, cattle and Bbeep, 
AH lent (hem (no doubt □□) good houses to keep. 

At Cfariatnuu, tha hardneat of winter doCli rage, 
A griper of all things, and apecialljr age t 
Tbea lightlj poor people, the Touog with the old. 
Be smat iqipreawd with hunger and cold. 

h bj lahour is little to get, 
Hvt wBiiting,. — the piHKvst in danger are set : 
WiMKBaoD then better, of all tba whole Tear, 
llif Btedjr, poot neighboiu' i« comflan and cheer 

At Ihii time and that lime, some make a great matter ; 
Some iielp not, but hinder the poor with their datur. 
Taks custom from feasting, what canisth then laM? 
Where one hath a dinner, a h ndred shall fast. 

To dog in the manger, some liken I could. 
That hty will eat none, nor let other thai would. 
Some icarce, in a jear, giTe a dinner oir two, 
Niw well can atnde any other to do. 

Fligr thoQ tbe good fellow 1 seek none to miadeem; 
DiidaiD not the boneit, though meir; th^ seem i 
For oftentime* seen, no more very a kaxte, 
Ulan he that doth counteifdt moat to be grave. 


Good htishand and huswife, now chiefly be glad, 
Ttings handsome to hare, as Chej ought to be had. 
Hiej both do proride, against Ouistmas do come. 
To welcome good nBghbotir, good cheer lohave some. 

Beef, mutton, and pork, dued pie* of the best, 
Hg, ToJ, gooae, and capon, and tmktj well dies 
Cheeae, apples, and nuts, joly carols to bear. 
As then in the country, is counted good cheer. 

What ooet to good husband, is any of this ? 
Good boushold prtnislon only it is ', 
Of odwT the like, I do leaTe out a many, 
That coaletb the busbandnnn nerer a penny. 

iUpon Ikt lune 1^ Xmg Salomvn.) 

I. Was Dot Christ our SaTlour, 
Sent to ui fro God above? 
Not for OUT good bebaiiour. 
But only of hia mercy and loic. 
If this be true, as true it is, 

Truly in deed 
Great thanks to God lo yield for this, 
Then had we need. 

S. This did our God, fbr very troth. 
To train to him the aoul ot man. 
And Justly to perform his oath. 
To Sarah and to Abram than 
That through his seed all nations should 

Most bleosed be : 
As in due time, perfbim he would, 

3. Which wondroiisly is brought lo pass. 
And in our sight already dcme. 
By sending, aa his promise was, 
(To comfort us) hia only Son, 
Even Christ, I mean, that virgin's child. 
In Bethlem bom. 

4. Buch was his lore to save us all. 
From dangers of the cune of God, 
That we stood in by Adam's tall. 
And by our own descrred rod. 
That through his blood and holy name 

WIh) so believes, 
And fly flom sin, and abhors the same. 
Free mercy be gives. 

8. For these glad news tins ftMt doth bring. 
To God die Son and Holy Gbott, 
Let man give thanks, rejoice and sing. 
From vnirld to world, ftom coast to coaat. 

T. TdssbR. 

be merry, and thankful withall. 
And feast thy poor neighbours, the great with 

Tea all the year long, to the poor let us give, 
Ood's blesdng to follow us, whiles we do live. 


1. Bid Christmaa adieu. 
Thy stock novr renew. 

9. Who killeth a neat. 
Hath cheaper bis meat. 

Is good in a bouse. 
3. Who daindes love, 
A beggai shall prove ; 

Who alvi^ lelb. 
In hunger dwell*. 

4. Who DoChing uve, 
Shall ootiUDg baT& 

5. Lay dirt upon heapa. 
Some pro&t it n»pt. 
When weathei is hard. 
Get muck out of yard. 
A fidlow beMow, 
Where pease ihail grow : 
Good peaflon and white, 
A &llo« will 'quite, 

6. Oo gather ^uickBel, 
IMg gatden, Kra; nudlow. 
Set irillow and ullow. 
Green willow for itak^ 
In twuL wiU take. 

1, Let doe go to budi, 
Wiah cone; good luck. 
Bgtn^ labtHir nor monejr, 
Store bomugh with coney. 
Get warrener bound 
To Tomine tb; sround. 
E>ed dovea, but kill not. 
If loee than ye will not. 
Dore-houiw rqiair 
Make dore-hole fair. 
For hofwgmund C4>ld, 
Dora-dung worth gold. 

S. Good gaidener mine 
Make garden fine. 
Set nraen peaae. 
And beaiu if ye pleaa& 
Bet reapis and roie, 
Toung raoti <rf' tb(a& 

9. The timely buyer 
Hath dwaper hi* BUr. 

10. Some bum without wit, 
Some Gerleaa nt. 

11. Now aeaaon is good. 
To lop or fell wood. 
Prune tree* some allows 
For cattle to brome. 

IS. GiTe *lieep to their flee* 
Tbe miKle of tree*. 

Strong hedge to make- 
14. For aap at yt know, 

Let one bough grow. 

Next year ye may 

That bough cut BWky. 
If. A Icnon good 

T'encreaae more wood. 

16. Save crotcbca of wood, 
Sare ipan and Wud. 
Sare hop for hii dole 
The strong long pole. 

1 7. Howeret ye icolch, 
Save pole and crotch. 

18. Fnnn Christmas to May, 
Weak cattle decay. 

1 9. With leijuice acquaint, 
Poor bullock BO faint ; 
Tliii med'cine approved, 
I* for to be loTcd. 

Too long if ya ilay. 
Tail toe* away. 

91. Ewe* ready to yean 

CraTe ground rid clflM, ' 
Keep sheep out of briers. 
Keep bean out of nuers. 

S3. Keep bushes from hill, 
'nU hedge ye will : 
Beet had for thy turn, 
Their roots go and bum. 

53. No bushes of mine. 
If fence be thine. 

54. In stubbed plot, 
mi hole wUI clot. 

S J. Rid gnu* of bones, 

Of sddu and stone*. 
S6. Warm berth pve Iambs, 

Good food to tbdr danu. 

Look daily well to them. 

Lest dogs undo them. 
ST. Youug hunb well sold. 

Fat iamb worth gold. 
28. Keep twins for breed. 

As ewes hate need. 
39. One calf, if it please ye 

Now reared shall ease ye. 

Calves likely rear 

At rising of year. 

Calf large end lean, 


30. Calf lick'd, takeaway. 
And house it ye may. 
This point I allow 

31. Calves youiuerthan other, 
Leun one of another. 

33. No danger at all, 
To geld as they falL 
Yet Michel cries, 
Please butchers' eye*. 

93. Sow, ready to fare 
Craves huswife's care. 

34. Leave sow but five. 
The better to thrive. 

35. Wean such for store. 
As suck before. 
Wean only but three, 
La^s brMders to be. 

36. Idmb, bulchin, and pig. 
Geld under the big. 

37. Learn wit. Sir Ddt, 
In gelding of colt. 

3B. Geld young thy Ally 
Elae perish wiU Jillj. 
Let gelding aloae, 
So large of Iraae. 
By broithly tits. 
Few profit hits. 

39. Breed ever the best, 
Of long and large, 
Take huswife a cba^e. 

40. Good cow and good ground, 
^sld yearly ■ pound. 
Good faring scpw. 

Holds proSt with cow. 

41. Who keeps but twain. 
The more maj 

42. TItbe justly, a 
Else Mn w'^ 

^maygaiii. OQIC 


45. thf (Mdn twi-ftlliMr, f JXjnJiXTB HU8BANDXT. 
SUaj bemlock uid mallinr. 

44. IA« practice Ottj pnrrt 

That hapi do lore. 
45- Now nuke and wtmd in 

Trim bower to stand in, 

LeATe wodling aboutr 

'nU BrixNir be ouL 

46. Wbo DOW wwi oati 
Ge<B pJd and groat*. 
Wbo lowi in Maj, 
Geta little that wi^. 

47. Go break np land, 
Get matloil In hand: 
Stub root K> lough. 
For breaking of plough. 

48. What giHter crinw, 

49. L*r land tar leaic, 
Break up if ye pleaae ; 
But fellow not jet. 
That hath anj wit. 

50. WtiB« drink ye flow, 
Good tilth beetow. 

ff 1. Small prtiflt is found. 
By peeling of ground. 
59. Land paat the beat. 

Cat puUing-lMMik, tin. 
For broom and f n. 
Pluck broom, iMvom aliU, 
Cut broom, broom kill. 

Broom pluckl by and by. 
Break up tot rye, 
Friend, ringle thy bog. 
Or look for a dog. 

Ib oMiBr proride, 
FtoeeedUy aaide. 
Get dung, friend mine, 
For Hock and rine. 

If earth be not aol^ 

Go dig it aloft. 

For quagmire get boot*, 


Or tet thdr atone. 

Sow koneli to bear, 
Of antle and pear. 
A Ikreaa (hat bear gum. 
Now let M tbey come. 

Mow Mt, OT muvev 
Such alocki aaye Imt. 
Bert tndt JmHty'i Aort RtmembraiKtt. 

ii ended, bid fraaring adieu, 
Uo play ttw good ImiliBad, thy stock to renew, 
Be mindful of rearing, in hope of a gain. 
Dame pro£l ifaatl give thee rewatd fi)r thy pain. 

2. WbobothbyfaiicalfaBdkiilambwiUbekNDini, 
Miy wdl kill a neat and a ibaep of Ui own ; 
And be that can rear up a pig in fail bmiat^ 
Hath cbeapw hia bacon, and iwaeCtf hie eauae. 

3. Who ealalh Ua *ial, ^, and lamb, bdng froth, 
Shall, twice in a week, go to bed without btolb : 
Uoikilfiill that paw not, but aell away, icll. 
Shall oerer haTs plcmty whsaTor tbey dwell. 

And ■bntly be needy, and nady to cnn% 
Be wiWiU to kill, and nnakiliull to Mote, 
And Liok tar m tbimo, I tell Ikea befon. 

€, In makii 

le tar tlw pot they intend for In aow. 

ilith thy diteb, 
niangly which. 

r. LeaM killiag of coney, let doe go to butt. 
And Termine thy borough, for hmi of ill-luck. 
Feeddove(no more killing) old dova^kome repair, 
Save dove-dung for hop-yard, when hooae ye 

t, and wt roaea, dune aptly thy plot, 
llMroMiaf the youngest are best to be got. 

9, In time go and bargain, leet woreer to fkll. 
Far fuel fiir making, fbr eaniage and alt ; 
Go buy at the stub, ii the bat fbr the buyer, 
Jlore timely providon, the cheaper the Gei. 

10. Some bumeth a load at a time in his hall. 
Soma aerer leare burning, (ill burnt they have alU 
Such making of havock, without any wit, 
Make many poor soul), without fier to dt. 

11. If froat do continue, Mi lenon doth well. 
For eomfert of cattle, the fuel to fell ; 
FMm erery tree the mperfluous boughs, 

Now prune ftB- thy ueat, thereupon to go brame. 

1 S. In pruning and trimming all manner of trees, 
Hueite to each cattle, tbiar property (bet. 
If snow do continue, ^eep hardly that fare. 
Crave mbtle and ivy, for them Ibr to spare. 

IS. Now lop for thy fuel, old p^enger grown. 
That htader the com, or the grass to be mown, 
In lopping and feUng, aare edder and stake, 
lliiBe bedgei, as needeth, to mend or to make. 

14. to bppmg old locham, fiuiwof miabap. 
One bougb «■; unlopped, to cbeiish the op. 
The Mcood year after then boldly ye may. 
For dripping his fellows, that bough cut away. 

15. Lop poplar and ullow, ehn, maple, and prie. 
Well saved from cattle, dll lummer to lie ; 
80 far aa in lopping, thnr top* ye do fling. 

So fkr, without plaatiiig, young coppice will 

16. Bath fuel, aa atanding, a lale ye have bou^it. 
Now fell it and make it, and do aa ye ougbt : 
Give charge to the hewefa( that many tliinga man) 
To hew out for crotcbei, for polea and for span. 

17. If hop-yard or orchard, ye mean fm' to have. 
For bop-polea and crotches, in lapping go aav e ; 
Wldch huibandly aparcd, may serve at a puah, 
And stop, by so having, two g^n with a bush, 

IB. Ftttm C3irislinaa, till May be well snlered in. 
Soma cattle wax fiuni, and look poOTly and thin ; 
And cliiefly when prime graaa at fliat doth appear, 
Then moat ia the danger of all the whole year. 

1 9. I^ke reijuice and heat it, a pint for a cow, 
Bay salt, a bandfull, to rub tongue ye wot bow ; 
That done, with the aalt, let her drink off the rest ; 
This many timea raiaeth the fe^le up beasL 

50. Poor buUock with browsng, and nau^itily fod. 
Scarce feedeth, her teeth be so loose in her head- 
Then alice ye the tail, where ye foel it ao soft. 
With soot and with garlick, bound to it aloft. 

51. By bramblea and bushaa, in paature too fiill. 
Poor sheep l>e in danger, and loseth their wool : 
Now therrfora thy ewe, upon *— ''""g so new, 
Deaireth in pasture, that all may be dew. 

S3. Leave gruMnng or pulling of bushes, my son, 
Till timely thy fences requin to be done. 
Tfaen take of the best, fiw to fumirit thy turn. 
And home with the rest^ for Ibe Stir to bum. 

93. In every green, if the fence be not thine. 
Now utiib up the bushes, the gtaas to be Bne, 
Lest noghbour do daily bo hack them, belive, 
l^iat neither thy bushes, nor paature can thrive. 

84. In ridding of pasture, with turiii that lie by. 
Fill every bole up as dose as a die : 
The labour is lilUe, the proAt u gay. 
Whatever the loitering labouren say. 

SS. The Btidis aitd the stones go gather up clean, 
Far hurting itf icjthe, or for harming of green. 
For fearof Hugh Prowler, get home vrilh the rest. 
When frost is at hardest, then carriage is best 

SG. Toui^ broom, or good pasture thy ewea do re- 
Warm barth, and in safety, tbdr lambs do desire : 
Look often well to them, for foiei and di^s. 
For pits, and for brambles, for vermin, and hogs. 

SV. More dainty the lamb, the more WOTth to be sold, 
\ The Boamr the better, for ewe that is old ; 

But if ye do mind, to have milk of the dame, 
■ Till May, do not ■««> the lamb fto the SMoe. 

28. Ewes, yearly by twhming, rich maatera do imka 
Tlielamb of aucb twinner^ for breeders go take 
For twinllngs be twiggers, increase for to bring. 
Though some for their twigging,fcccaM may ling. 

29. Calves likely that come, betweai Chriatmaa and 

lUe huswife to rear, or else after repent. 
Of such as do fall, between change and the prime. 
No rearing, but sell, or go kill them in time. 

30. House calf, and go suckle it twice in »^y. 
And after a while, set it water and bay : 

Stake ragged to rub on, — no such as will beikd. 
Then wean it, well tended, at fifty days' end. 

jtotD DOW to anni water, ana nay lor to reacn : 
More stroken and made of, when aught it doth ail* 
Mot« gentle ye make it, for yoke or the paiL 

92. GddhuU.calfandram4amb,assaonasthey(isll, 
For Ifaerein ii, lightly, no danger at alL 
Some spareth the t'one, for to pleasure the ey^ 
To haTehim she w gteai 

33. Sows ready to farrow thu time of the year, 
Are for to be made of, and counted ftdl dear. 
For now ia the loss of a fare of the bow, 
More great than the loes of two calves of thy cow. 

34. Of one sow, together, rear few above five. 
And those of the fairest, and likest to thrive. 
Ungelt, of the best keep a couple for store. 
One boar pig and sow pig, that sucketh beitne. 

35. Who hath a denre, to have store very large, 

At Whitsuntide, let htm give huswife a chargt^ 
To rear of a bow at once only but three j 
Aikd one of than also a boar let it be. 

36. Geld under the dam, within fbrtnigbt at least, 
And save both thy money, and life of the beaat 
Geld later with gelders, as many cme do ; 
And look of a doien, to geld away two. 

37. Thy colts for the saddle, geld young to be light ; 
For cart do not so, if thou judgtst aright ; 
Nor geld not, but when they be lusty and (at. 
For there it a point, to be learned in that. 

3S. Geld fillies (but tits) ere a nine days of sge. 
They die else of gelding, (or geldos do rage.) 
Young Blliea so likely of bulk and of bone. 
Keep Buch to be breeders, let gelding alone. 

99. For gaining a trifle, sell never thy alore. 

What joy to acquaintance, what pleasureth nxaa 7 

Thelarger of body, the better (or Ineed, 

More forwaid of growing, the batter they spead. 

40. Good milch CO*, well fod, and that ii fair and 

la yearly for profit as good as a pound 1 
And yet by the year, have I proved ere now. 
As good to the purse, is a sow as a cow. 

41. Keep one and keep botli, with as little a cost. 
Then all ahall be saved, and nothing be lost : 
Both having together, what profit is caught, 
Good huawivBS < I warrant ye) need not b« taiigbt. 


43. For Iamb, pig, and ait, ind fi>r odwr ttw like, 
l^the w), u thy eutlc the Lrail do not itrikc : 
Or ir ye deal guilrfiilly, pumon will dri*c. 
And w to joantlt, a worst turn ya may give 

43: Thj guden plot Utelj, well tmcbed and miidt. 
Would DOW be twi-fallow'd, tbe mallowi 


Well cleamed and purged, of root and of MiKle, 
Hiat &ult theratn afterwanl, found may be DO 

44. Bwitwnher thy bop-yard, if Mwon ba diy. 
Now dig it and weed it, and m> let it He. 
Mora StOMXj the lajer, tbe better his Imt, 
Uore apt to bear hope, wben it crumbles tike 

AS. To siboar b^na, and quieksetted about. 
No piecing or wadling, till act be far out : 
For rotten and aged ma]r stand for a ihew. 
But bold to tbeir tackling, tbere do but a few, 

46. In Januarj, husband that poucbetfa tbe groats. 
Will break up his ley, or be sowing of oats, 
Oats sown in January, lay by the wheat, — 
In Hay buy tbe hay, for the cattle to eat. 

47. Let serrant be raady, with mattock in hand. 
To stub out the bushes, that noyeth tbe land. 
And cumbenome roots, so annoying the plough 
Turn upward their a — a — s, with sorrow enough. 

48. Who teeaketh np, timely, bis fidlow or ley, 
ScB forward his husbandry, many a way : 
This trimly well ended, doth forwardly bring, 
Not only thy tillage, but all other thing. 

4<k Tbongh ley land ye break up, when Christmas is 
For sowing of bsrley, or oats thereupon ; 
Yet haste DO« to Gillow, dU March be begun. 
Lest afterward wiahing, it had beoi undone. 

50. Such land ai ye break up, for barley to sow. 
Two caiths at tbe least, ere ye sow it bestow. 
If land be Ibeicafter set oating qiait ; 
And fallow this lissiiii to comfort thine heart. 

Tet oats with her sucking a peeler is found. 
Both ill to tbe masto-, and worse lo some grou 

Z. I«»d aiable, diiren or worn to (he proof, 

It era* eth some rest for thy profit's behoof, 

With oats ye may sow it, the sooner to grass 

More soon to be pssture, to bring it to pass. 

Tha atdttk Jamiary'i Hvtbandry. 

And peason grey- 
Keep while, unsown, 
Till more be known. 

4. Sow pease (good truU} 
The moon past full, 
fine seeds then sow. 
Whilst moon doth grow. 

5. Boy, follow the plough. 
And harrow enougbi 
So barrow, ye sfaaJl, 
mi cover'd be alL 

6. Sow pease not too tUn, 
Ere plough ye set in. 

7. Late sown, sore noyeth ; 
Late rip^ Ikw stroyetfa. 

8. Some proies^cr save. 
For plougb-horse to baTe, 
To Dien that draw. 
Give hay, and not straw. 

Mil straw with hiy. 

9. Much carting, ill dlbige, 
Mskes some to flie nllaga. 

la Use cattle aright, 

To keep them in plight. 
11. Good quickset buy, 

Old gather'd will die. 
IE. Stick boughs a row, 

Wbere nindTsls grow. 
IS. Sow kernels and haw, 

Wbse ridge ye did draw. 

14. Sow mustard seed. 
And hrip (o kill weed. 
Where sets do grow. 
See nothing ye sow 

15. Cut Tines and osier. 
Plash hedge of enclosure. 
Feed highly thy awan. 
To lore her g<wd man. 
Neat high, I jidrise. 
Lest flood do arise. 

16. Land meadow q>are ; 
Here dung is good wsra. 

IT. Go strike offthe nowls 
Of del ring mowls. 
Such hillocks in rain. 
Lay levdled plain. 

18. Too wet the land, 
Let roowl-hill stand, 

19. Poor cattle crave. 
Some Mtt to bare. 

SO, Cow little givedi, 
That hardly iiTeth. 

2t . Rid barley all now. 
Clean out of thy mow. 
Choice seed out dmw, 
Sare cattle the straw. 

92. To coast, man, ride 


1. Lit compas enow, 

Ere erer ye plow. 
S. Place dung-hoqis alow. 

More barley to grow. 
3. Eat etch, ere ye idow. 

With hog, dieep, and con 

Trench meadow and tedge. 
Dyke, quickset, and he^e. 
To plota not full, 
Add bramble and hulL 

M 3 

Let wheat Hid tlia rye. 

Poor coDsy, so bagged, 

Good Oi^t who iortt, 
Hiut feed tbrir doves, 
BiA hawking •dieu. 
Cast bawk into mew. 

Keep sheep out of brien^ 
Keep beast out of mlan. 
Keep lai^riM from fox, 
Else di^hadgohox 

Good neiglibaiir of miii4 
Now yoke tl^ switw. 
Now cretT day. 
Set hops jramaj^ 

Now set tkn thy po^ 
Best hobs to be got. 
For flowen go set. 
All sorts ye cm get. 

As winter doth prore. 
So may ye remove. 
Now all things rear. 
For all the year. 

Watdi pon^ go look 
To weak and hook. 
Knaves seld repent. 
To steal in Lent. 

All's fish Ibey get. 
That Cometh to net. 
Who mud T^ardi 
Makes hillocks in yanis. 
Bert entU Febnmfyt rtcrt 


Feb, Oil the dike, 
WiOi wbst tboa dnt U 


1. Who layeth on dung, ere he layeth t 
Such husbandry useth, as thrift doth 
One month ere ye ipi^ad it, so still let it stand, 
£re ever to plow it, ye take it in hand. 

S. Place dung lieap alow, by the ftmow along. 
Where water, all winter-tinte, did it such wrong : 
So make ye the land to be lusty and fkt. 
And com thereon sown, to be better for that. 

3. Go plow in the itutible, for now is the season, 
For sowing of vetches, of beans, and of peason. 
Sow runcivals timely, and all that is grey j 
But sow not the whiter till St. Gr^osy'i day. 

4. Sow peason and beans, in tbs vraoe of the moon, 
Who loweth them aoooer, he soweth too soon, 
That they iriA the planet may rest snd arise, 

— • — • ««uiuh, with bearing most plentifullwise. 


5. Frtts>d,liaitow in time, by i 
Not only thy peason, but also thy beans ; 
Unharrowed die, being buried ii ' 
Whare harrowed Oouiiih, oi 

6. Both peaoOD and beans, sow aten ye do jdvw. 
The sooner ye borrow, the better for you. 
White peason so good, fbr the puiae and the po(^ 
Let than be well used, else wdl do ye DM. 

7. Have eye unto harvest, whatevo- ye sow. 
For fear of mischances, by rifung too slow t 
Lest com be destrt^ed, contrary to ri^it. 
By bogi or by cattle, by day oi by ni^tt. 

8. Good provender, labouring hoisa would hare, 
Good hay and good plenty, plough-oxen do crave; 
To bale out thy muck, and to plow i^ thy ground^ 
Or else it may hinder thee many a poiuid. 

9. Who slscketh his tillsge, a carter to b«^ 

For groat got abroad, at home lose shall three ; 
And so by bis doing, be brings out of hsar^ 
Both land for the cmn, and bone for the tatt. 

10. WbosbusethUs cattle, andstarreslheBi fbr meat, 
By catting or plowing, his gain is not great : 
When he that with Iflbour, can use them aright 

II. Buy quidset at market, new g^ 

Buy bushes or willow, to fence it withall : 
Set willows to grow, in the stead of a stake. 
For cattle, in summer, a shadow to mak& 

If peacock and turkey leave joblnng their bei. 

13. Ndwbow, sndgotaam>w(wbeTeredgeycdiddraw) 
The seed of the bramble, with kernel and haw ; 
Which covered, overly, sun to shut out, 

Go see it be ditched, and ftneed about. 

14. Where banks be amended, and newly np-eas^ 
Sow mustard-seed, after a shower be post, 
Who^ plots full of nettles be nmsome to eye. 
Sow thetvupon hcmp-aeed, and nettle will die. 

15. Tb* vines and the oden cut, and go set. 
If grape be unpleasant, s better go get. 

Feed swan, and go make her up strongly a nest. 
For fear of s ioai, good and high is tbe besL 

16. land-meadow that yearly is spared for hay, 
Now Aitce it, and spars it, and dung it ye may. 
Get nxde-catcber cuimingly mole for to kill. 
And barrow, and cast abroad every bill. 

1 7. Whore meadow or pasture, to mow ye do lay. 
Let mole be dispatched, some manner of way : 
Then cast abroad mole-hill, as flat as ye can. 
For many commodities following than. 

18. If pasture by nature, is given to be wet. 

Then bear with the mole-hill, though thick itbe set j 
That lamb may sit on it, and so to sit dry. 
Or else to lie by it, lbs warmer to lie. 


19. Fiitmd, alw^rleitlMlMapatt of ilirawik 
For itilftof goodpaMurc, Imf putun to ipv*. 
So hare jou good feeding in tnnheta and Icue, 
And quickly Mfa Boding of latUe M bmb. 

90. Wlioe cattle ma; niD abont nmng at will, 
FRNn pasture to pasture, poor bell j to fill ; 
lliere paature and cattla, both busgiy and bare. 
For want of good huabandrj wonci do fara. 

81. Now tltreih out diy barle;, tot aialt or Tor wed. 
For bread-corn, if need be, to MTTe «• )hall ued ; 
If watk for the thresher, ye mind for to haTe, 
Of wheat and of mil in, unthmhed go WTe. 

SS. Now timely for Lent Muff, thy money diibnne. 

The longer ya tarry, for profit the wone i 

If one penny vaotage, be theiein to aaTe^ 

Of -"■■»"™" or Fleming be aiier to hare. 

Thiu ntdeth Febnmry'i Htabandry. 


1 . Whir peaaon nw, 

Scare hungry crow, 
S. Spare mellow fin- hay. 

Spare nianbea at May. 

3. Keep iheep from dog. 
Keep Iambi fVom hog : 
If fbiea mouse them. 
Then watch, or bouse tbeni. 

4. March dry or wet. 
Hop-ground go aet. 
Young root! well drett, 
Prore eTer best 
Gnat bop great hill. 
To grow at wiU 
From bop long gut, 

5. Here learn die way, 
Hop root* to lay. 

6. Roots best to prove. 
Thus set I lore. 

7. Leave space and rocnn. 
To hillock to come. 

S. Of hedge and willow, 
Hc^ makes his {hIIow. 
Good bearing hop. 
Climbs up to tbe top. 
Keep hop from ■UI^ 
And bop b undone. 

9. Hop-pole* procure, 

7, like a stake. 

A hone, to raise root, 
Like sola of a boot. 
Sharp knife to cut, 
Superflnous gut. 
Kh Who grafflng loves. 
Now graffing prorea. 
Of every suit, 
Grair dainty fruit. 
Graff good fruit all, 

II. OraffiooMiii^belaM, 
Both gnffing and ccaL 
Learn here, take heed. 
What counael doth bid. 

19. Sow bariey that can. 
Too soon y< shall ban. 
Let hone keep his own. 
Till barley be sown. 
Sow even (hy land. 
With plentifull hand-. 
Sow over and under, 
In clay ia no wonder. 

13. By sowing in wet. 
Is little to get. 

14. Straight foUow the plough. 
And barrow enough. 
With sling go throw, 

15. RoU, aAsr a dew. 
When barley doth shew ; 
Mote handsome to 


16. Learn ben ye may. 

Best harrowing way. 
IT. Now roll thy wheat. 

Where clods be too great. 
18. Make ready a plot. 

For seeds for the pot. 
19i Best searching "*^'"1*, 

Tbe best way Gnda. 
aa For garden best. 

Is south, soutb-wesL 
21. Good tilth brings seeds, 

111 tiltuie, weeds. 
SS. For summer sow now. 

For winter see how. 

83. Leam ti 

24. Young plants soon die, 
That grow too dry. 

85. In cotmtry doth rest. 
What season is best 

36. Good peason and ieeks. 
Make pottage for creeks. 

87. Have spoon-meat enough. 
For cart and (he plough. 
Good poor man's fare, 

la poOT man's care ; 
And not to boast. 
Of sod and roast 

88. Cause rook and raven, 
To seek a new haven. 

Geld lambs now all. 
Straight as they &1L 
Look twice a-day, 
Lnl lambs decay. 

Where horse did hanow. 

Wish dotei good luck, 
Rrair goose and duck. 
To spare uight. 
Spare March his flight. 


pot and the purse, 

ason, hot}) good for the potandtbi 
g loo tinwdf, proTe often the w( 

13. Sow barky In Mardi, in April, and H^, 
llw later Id nnd, and the tooaer in cimj. 
What woner fin bailey, than weOwn and cold ? - 
What better to akilfull, than time to be bold ? 

1 3. Wbo BOWBth his barley too loon, or In rain. 
Of oal> and of thiatlcs shall after complain : 
J apeak not of Hay-weed,^ of oodile and mcb, 
TiM adettt the bwley, ao often and idugIl 

15. Soma tulleth tbdr baHey, itnight after a ram. 
When fint it appeareth, to level it ptain : 
The barlej so used, tlie batter doth grow. 
And handsome ye make it, at harreat to mow. 

16. Oats, barley, and pease, hairow after you sow ; 
For rye, haiTDw fii«, aa slready ye know ; 
Leave wheat little clod, for to cover the head, 
Ibat afler a frost, it may out and go spread. 

1 T. If clod in thy wheat, win not break wilh the froa^ 
If now yadorolliiitquitath the coat; 
But see when ye roll it, the weatiser be dry. 
Or else it were better, unrolled to lie. 

18. Jn March and in April, &om morning to ni^it. 
In lowing and setting, good huswives delist: 
To bare in a garden or other like plot. 
To liim up tbor house, aud to fumish their pot. 

I g. Tbe nature of flowers, dacne Fbyvc doth shew ; 
She teacheth tbem all, to be known to a few. 
To set or to sow, or else sown to remove. 
How that should be pi 

By sowing loo 

Because they be lender, and hateth the cold. 

Prove March ere 3% sow them, for being too boU. 

3. %iare meadow at Gregiwy, marsbes at Puque, 
For fear of dry eonuner no longer time aek. 
Then hedge tbem and ditch them, bestow thereon 

Com, meadow, and pasture, auk al way good fence. 

3. Of masti A and mongreb that many wc see, 
A number of thousands too many tbere be : 
Watch therefore in Lent, to thy sheep go and look, 
For dogs will have victuals, by book or by crook. 

4. In March at the fartbest, diy season or wet, 
Hop^oota so well chosen, let akiiiiill go set. 
The goeler and younger, the better I love ; 
Well gutted and pared, the better they prove. 

5. Some layetb tbem, cross- wisc^ along in the ground. 
As high as the knee, they do cover up round. 
Some prick up a stidi in the midst of the same. 
That little round hillock, the better to frame. 

6. Some maketh a hollowneas half a fbot deep, 
With foiier sets in it, set slant-wise siteep ) 
One foot trina another, in order to lie. 
And thereon a hillock, as round aa a [oe. 

7. Five foot&Dmanother.eaehhillodt would Bland, 
As stnight as a levelled line with the hand : 
Let every hillock be foiier feet wid^ 
The better to come to, on every sde. 

B. By willows that groweth, thy hop-yard without. 
And also by hedges, thy meadows about. 
Good hop hath a pleasure to climb and to spread. 
If sun may have passage, to comfort hgr head. 

9. Get crow made of iron, deep hole for to make. 
With cross overthwart it, as sharp as a stake, 
A hone and a parer,- like sole of a boot. 
To pare away grass, and to raise up the root. 

S4. Now sets do ask watering, with pot or with disb, 

0. In March is good grafflng, the skilful! do know. New sovrn do not so, if ye do as I wish : 

So long as the wind in the east do not blow : Through cunning with dibble, nke, mattock. 

From raooubnng changed, till pastbe the prime, and spade, 

For giaffing and cropping, is very good time. By line, and by level, trim garden is made. 

1. Things graffed or planted, the greatest and least, 85. Who soweth too lateward, hath seldom good seed. 
Defend against tempest, the bud, and the beast; Who soweth too soon, little betta- shall speed. 
Defended shall prosper, the tother is lost. Apt time and the season, so diverse to hit, 
Hn thing with the labour, the time and the cost. ' Let ajer and layer, help practice and wiL 

3. Land falling or lying full south or south-wes^ 
For profit by tillage, is lightly the best : 
So garden with orchard and bop-yard I find. 
That want the like benefit, grow out of kind. 

I. If field to bear com, a good tillage doth cnvcy 
What think ye of garden, what garden would have? 
tn field without cost, be assured of weeds ; 
In garden be atier, thou loseat thy seeds. 

i. At spring (for the ■ummei) now garden ye shaU, 
At harvest (for wintv) or sow not at all. 
Oft digging, removing, and weeding, ye see, 
Makeshcib the more wlKdeMnDe,and greatertobe. 

S. Time fayer, to sow or to gather be bold. 
But set or remove, when the weather is cold. 
Cut all thing or gather, the moon in the wane. 


36. Now leaki'an in aeuoii, for pottage ftiD good. 
And ipBTeth theinilcli-ca«,«iiii purgcththeblood i 
ThcM having irhfa pcuon, for pottage in Lent, 
Tbou ipBRst boll) oatmeal, uid bread to tw ipent. 

37. llKMigfa nn 
Tat feed tb 

9 Ml much a good faiuwife doth can, 
. do lalKiiiT, haTC busbaudlj fare ; 
m and cnun tbau, till puna do lack 

to belly full, laboiuen tliink, 
9S. Kill crow, pie, and Cadow, rook, buzzard, and 

Or eke go derire them to leek a new haven. 

In Bcaling the youngest, to pluck off bis beck. 

Beware bow ;e clainber, for breaking jour neck. 

Una eitdelA UaTtKt HuAandry. 


3. One day ere je plow. 
Spread compaa enow. 

4. Some fodder bujeth, 
In fen where it lietfa. 

5. Thou champion wight, 
Have cow-meat for night. 

6. Set bop his pole. 
Make deep the bole. 

T. First, bark go and aell. 

Ere limber ye fell. 
8. Fence coppice in, 

£re hewen begiiL 
ft The atnighteat ye know, 

12. Some country lack plough-meat. 
And lome do lack cow-meat. 

13- Small commons, and bare. 
Yield cattle ill fare. 

14. Some common with geese. 
And (beep without fleece : 
Some tits thitber bring, 
And hogs without ring. 

15. Some champions agree, 
Aa wasp doth with bee. 

16. Get swindierd for hog, 
Bnt kill not mth dog. 
Wboc Bwineberd dotfa lack, 
Cotngoetb to wrack. 

17. All goes to the Devil, 
Wbere ifaepherd is evil. 

IS. Come home from land. 

With atone in hand. 
19> Man cow provides, — 

Wife dairy guidea. 
sa Slut Cisley, untaught, 

Hadi white meat naught. 
SI. Some bcingetta in gains. 


1. In Cambridgeshire forward, to Idnctflnshire way. 
The champion maketh bis fallow in Maj i 
Then thinking ao doing, one tillage worth twain, 
B)> forcing of weed, by that meana to re&ain. 

9. If Apii] be drippng, then do I not hate, 

iFor him that hath little) bii tallowing late ; 
!Ise otherwise, fallowing timely is best, 
Fw sating of cattle, of plough, and tbe resL 

5. Be siier of plough to be ready at band, 

Erecompas ye spread, that on hillocks ^d stand; 
Lest drying, so lying, do make it decay. 
Ere ever much water do wash it away. 

4. Look now, to provide ye of meadow for hay, 
If fens be undrowned, there cheapest ye may ; 
In fen for tlie bullock, for horee not so well. 
Count best, tbe best (dkeap, wheresoever ye dwelL 

3. Provide ye of cow.meat, for catde at night. 
And chiefly wbere commons lie far out of aight ; 
Where cattle lie tied, without any meat, 
l^iBt proSt by dairy, can never be great. 

6. Get into thy hop-yard with plenty of poles. 
Among those same hillocks, divide them by doles. 
Three poles to a hillock (I pass nnl how long]. 
Shall yield thee more profit, set deeply and strong. 

7. Sell bark to the tanner, ere limber ye fell, 
Cut low by tbe ground, else do ye not well. 

In breaking sate crooked, for mill and for ships j 
And ever, in hewing, save carpenter's dups. 

5. F7rst see it well fenced, ere hewen b^n. 
Then see it well stadled, without and within. 
Tbui being preserved, and husbandly dime, 
Shall sooner raise profit, to tbee or thy sod. 

9. Leave growing for stadles, the likest and best, 
'niough seller and buyer dispatched the resL 
In bushes, in hedge-row, in grove, and inwoo^ 
This leuon observed, is neeiWil and good. 

10. Save elm, ash, and cmb tree, for cart and fiw 

Save step for a stile, of the cratch of the bough : 
Save haiet for forks, save sallow for rake j 
Save hulver and thorn, thereof flail to make. 

1 1 . Make riddance of carriage, ere year go about. 
For spoiling of plant, that is newly come ouL 
To carter (witfa oien) this message I bring, — 
Leave oxen abroad, for annoying the spring. 

IS. Allowance Ot fodder, some countries do yield. 
As good for tbe cattle as hay in the fldd. 
Some mow up Aeir headlands and plots among 

And diivealo leave nothing, uimioimor unsbom 

1 3. Some commoiu m burm, the UMnre ia luch. 
And Knne oro-lsyeth tbe cmuuom too mucli. 
Hie pestered common^ (mall profit doch gire. 
And profit u little some reap, I believe. 

M. Some pester the commona «4th jadei and with 

1. Gehaii his dcknew wu whitiah and dry. 


Such cheeaea, good Cialey, ye floted too oi^. 

With hog without ring, and wilh aheep without 


2. Lesxe Lot with ber pillar, good Cialey, alone, 

Some lo» a day's labour with aeeking their own. 
Some meet with a booty, they would not haie 


3. If cheeaea in dairy have Anms-s eyes. 

Tell asley the fiult in her hunrifery lie.. 

15. Great troubles and lasses the chanipion • 
And erer in brawling, as wasps among bees ; 
As charily that way appeareth but small ; 
So less be their winnings, or nothing at ^ 

16. Where champion wanteth a swine-herd for hog. 
There nuiny complaineth of naughty man's dog. 
Where each his own keeper appoints without care. 
There cont ia destroyed, ere men be aware. 

17. The land ia well heaited, with help of the fold, 
For one or two crops, if ao long it will hold. 

If shepherd would keep them trmo stroying of 

Tbe walk of hia sheep might the better be borne. 

18. Where stones be too many, annoying tfay land. 

Make serTantconiebome,withasIone in his hand: 

By daily so doing, haie plenty ye shall. 

Both handsome for paring, and good for a wall. 

19. FVom Aptil beginning, till Andrew tie past. 
So long with good huswife her daily doth last ; 
Good milcb-cov and pasture, good husbands pro- 

The res'due, good huiwives know best bow to 

30. ni huswife, unskilfull, to make her own cheese, 
Hirough trusting of others, hath this for her fees : 
Her nulk-pan and cream-pot, so slabbet'd andsoM, 
Hiat butter is wanting, and cheese Is half lost. 

81. Where some of a cow, da lajie yearly a pound. 
With such aeel; huswives, no penny is found. 
Hien dairy-maid Cidey, her fault being known. 
Away, apace, trudgetb, with more than ber own. 

Good serrant for dairy-house. 

Such husband and huswife, such homo airaid. 

Gehaii, Lot's wile, and Argus his eyea, 

Tom flper, poor cobler, and Lazarus' thighs : 

Rough Esau, with Maudlin, and gcntils that 

" ih bishop that burnetii, thus know ye tbem all. 

Tbeaa toppingly gueata be in ninnbar but tan, 
As welcome in dairy as bean among men ; 
Which being desciMd, lake btad of ye shall. 
For danger of after dapt, after that HO. 

a shift her aside. 

la Bless Cisley Cg'>od miffneB,) that bUiop dodt 
FtR burning the milk of her chcasc to tbe pan. 

Ilius dairy-maid, Ciiley, rebeaned ye tee. 
What taults with ill huswife in dairyJiouae be : 
Of market abhorred, to houabotd a giief. 
To maister and mistreas, as ill as a tiueC 
Thut autetM JpriTi Biitbandry. 


I. Pot lamb finnn ewe. 

To milk a fow. 
S. Be not too bohi. 

To milk, and to fold. 

3. Five ewes allow, 
To every cow. 

4. Sheep wriggling tail. 
Hath maibwithout ML 

5. Beat hard in tbe reed. 
Where house hath need. 

6. Leave cn^iping from May, 
To Michaelinas-day. 

Let ivy be killed. 

Else tree will be a|nlled. 
T. Now threabera want, ■,,,1,. 

To lid the barn. 'j\"^ 

8. Beaureofhay 

Till Ifa- end of Hay. 



10. To wteding awsj, 

11. For corn, bCTC reed. 
What uughty wcad. 

IE. Who weediag ■Imcketh, 
Good hurin^ry lackelli. 

1 S- Sow buck or brauk, 

1^ Illy blank go and ww. 
Where barley did gnnr : 
Tbe neit crop whwt, 
Ii husbandn neat. 

15, Sow paaacoda ■omc^ 

16. S 


18. Through fowU H 

Cut off or 
SuperfluoiM hc^ 
Tbe titten or tiiw. 
Makes bop to pine. 
ISl Some nketb tbar wbeM, 
With Take that ii great: 

Be gotten out Ana. 
SO. Now leti do crsv« 

Sixne weeding to have^ 
91. Noir drain as ye lik^ 

Both fen and dike. 

35. Waich beea in Mf 
For swarming away : 
Both now and in June, 
Mark maiter bee's tune. 

33. Twi&llow thy land, 
Leat plough else stand. 

24. No longer tarry 

Out comjiai to carry. 

9J. Where need doth pimy it. 
See there je lay it. 

36. Set Jack and Joan, 
To gather up stone. 

S7. To grass with thy calTca, 

Take nothing to balvea. 
SB. Be nire thy neat, 

S9l By tainting of ground. 

30. Now carriage get, 
Mome fuel to iet. 
TeU ^got and btUet 
Pv filching gilleL 

31. In summer for firing 
Let city be buying. 
Mark collier's packii^ 
LeM coals be lacking. 
(Sea opened sack] 
For two in a pwl. 

32. Let nodding patdi. 
Go sleep a BUtcb. 

33. Wife as you will. 
Now ply your itilL 

34. Fine baail sow, 
In • pot to grow. 

From bull, cow fcit, \^ h.i„'. J.. 

Till Croucbmas be part. } '' 

Fnan heifer, bull hid thee 1 , 

■nil Lammas bid thee. ^AugmL 

Mm endt Uat/'i Aurl Bemembranctt. 

1. At Philip and Jacob, away with the lambs, 
'Hiat thinkeat to hare any milk of their dams: 
At IjTmii«. leave milking, for fear of a thing, 
Lest (reftum atenum) in winter they sing. 

3. To milk and to fold them, ia much to requin^ 
Except ye bare pasture to fill their desire : 
Yet many by milking (sucb heed they do take;) 
Not burdng their bodies, much profit do make. 

3. Five ewa to a cow, make a proof by a scon. 
Shall double thy dairy, or trust me no more ; 
Tet may a good huiwife that knoweth tbe skill, 
Have milt or tumixt, at her pleasure and will. 

4. If iheep or thy lamb &11 a wriggling with IhI, 
Go, by and by, sesrch it, whiles help may preyaili 
Tliat barberly handled, 1 dare thee amure j 
Cast dust in his a — «, tbou hast finish'd thy cure. 

5. Where bouses be reeded (as bouses haie need,) 
Now pare off the moss, and go beat in the tael : 
The jusCer ye drive it, tbe smoother and plain, 
More handsome ye make it, to shut off the rain. 

6. From May till October, leave cropping, for why? 
In woodxere, whatever thou croppest will die ; 
Where ivy embraceth the tree very sor^ 

Kill ivy, oi else tree will addle no more. 

t. Keep tfareshing for thresher till May be come in. 
To have to be siier &eah chaff in thy bin; 
And somewhat to scamble, for hog and fbr hen. 
And wotk, when it lainetb, for loitering men. 

8. Be siicr of hay. and of provender some, - 
For labouring cattle, till pasture be come. 

And if ye do mind, (o hare nothing to sterre. 
Have one thing or other, fbr all thmgs to aerre^ 

9. Ground compaawd well, and a following year, > 

i[f wheat or thy barley, too rank do appearj) 
low eat it with sheep, or else mow it ye imq'. 
For iedging, and sc^ to the birds for a prey. 

But June U the betto' for weeding tbe Tcat. 

1 1. The Ma;-«eed doth bum, uid tbe thistle doth 

Tbe fitcbet pull downmrdbotlirreaiid the wheat: 
The brake and the cockle, be noisome too much ; 
Tet like uDlo boodle, no weed tbete is auch. 

19. Slock nerer thf weeding, for dearth nor for cbeap, 
Tlie com shall reward it, ere ever ye reap j 
And spedailj' where ;e do (rust for to seed. 
Let that be well used, the better to speed. 

13. In May is good sowing Ifay tnick or tfay brank, 
That black is as pepper, and ametleth as tank : 
It is to thy land, as a comfort or muck. 

And all thing it maketh, as fkt as a buck. 

1 4. Sow budc aAer barley, or after thy wheat, 

A peck to tbe rood, (if tbe measure be great) 
T^iree earths see ye give it, and sow it above ; 
And haiTow it finely, if buck ye do to>e. 

S4. Twifi^ow once ended, get tumbrtU and man, 
And compaa that Mlow, as soon as ye can. 
Let sifilfiUI bestow it, where need is upcm ; 
More profit the lODner, la follow (hereon. 

95. Hidehead]sadswitbmuek,ifyewii1,tothekRe«s, 
So dripped and shadowed, with bushes and tnei : 
Bsre plots full of galls, if ye plow oierthwai^ 
And compas it then, is a husbandly part 

96. Let children be hired to lay to their bones. 
From fidlow, as needeth, to gather up stones. 
What wisdom for profit adTiseth unto. 

Hut, — husband and huswife must willingly do, 

37. To giaaa with thy calTca, in some meadow-plot 
Where neither their mothers may see them, nor 

i pHher, tohoTewiththelast, 
To serve for his household, till harvest be past. 
Must sow them in May, in a comer ye shall, 
Where through so late growing, no hindrance 

16. Good flax and good hemp, to hare of her own. 
In May a good huswife will see it be sown ; 
And afterwards trim it, to serre at a need. 
The Gmble to sinn, and tbe carl for her seed. 

IT. Get into thy hop-yard, for now it is time. 

To teach Robin Hop, on his pole bow to climb : 
To fcdiow the sun, ss his property is. 
And weed him and trim him, if aught go ai 

18. Grass, thistle, and mustard-seed, hemlock, and 

Tine, mallow, and nettle, that keep such a Btur; 
With peacock and tuAey, that nibble olTtop, 
Are leiy ill nei|^bDuts, to sedy poor hop. 

19. From wheat, go and rake ont the titters or tine. 
If ear be not forth, it will rise sgain fine : 

Use now in thy rye, little raking or none, 
Bresk tine from his root, and so let it alone. 

ao. BankBnewlyquickse«ed,someweedingdocraTa, 
Tbe kindlier nourishment thereby to have ; 
Hen after a shower, to weeding a snatch. 
More easily weed, with the roi 

8. Pinch never thy wennels of water or meat. 
If ever ye hope M have them good neat. 
In summer-time, daily ; in winter, in ftos^ 
If cattle lack drink, they be utterly lost 

9. For coveting much, overlay not thy ground. 
And then sbidl thy cattle be lusty and soundj 
Butpinchtbemofpasture, while summer dotfa last. 
And lift at their tails, ere a winter be pasL 

30. Get home with thy ftiel, make ready to ttt, 

31. His firing, in n 

1. tbe fen and the quagmire, so marish be kind. 
And are to be drained, now win to thy mind j 
Which yearly undrained, and suSined, uncut, 
Annoyelh tbe meadows, that thereon do 'but 

3, Take heed to thy bees, that are lesdy to swarm. 
The loss thereof now, is a crown's worth of harm: 
Let skilful! be ready, and diligen 

Let skiltuU be ready, an 
'-« being too careless, 

thou loeett thy been. 

39. From Hay to mid August an hour or two. 
Let Patch sleep a snatch, howsoever ye do : 
Hiough sleei^Dg one hour reftesheth tus song. 
Yet trust not Hob Gnnitfaead, for sleeping too 

33. The knowledge of stjlling is one pretty feal^ 
The wslers be wholesome, tbe charges not great : 
What timely thou getten, while summer doth la■^ 
Think vrinter irill help thee, to spend it as fast 

34. Fine badldenteth it may be her lot. 

To grow as the gillifiower, trim in a pot ; 
That ladies and gentles, to whom ye do serve. 
May help her, as needath, poor life to preserve. 

35. Keep ox fro thy cow, that to pnifit would go, 
Lest cow be deceived, by oi doing so ; 

And thou recompensed, for suffering the same. 
With want of a calf, and a cow to was lame. 

7%ta tmdili itag'i Hvibamby. 



1. WjksB ibeep for to ahetr, 
That ibcep nuy go bare. 

S. Tbougb fleece ye take. 
No pMcbei nuke. 

4. If meadoir be grown, 
Let mrailmr be mown. 

5. Plough oil; jt msji 
And Iben cany hay. 

6. 'Hi good to be known. 
To ^Tc ill of th; own. 
Whogoeth a bomnring, 
Ooeth a ■oiTDWJng. 

T. See cart in pli^ 
And all tbingi rigbt. 

S. Moke di7 oier-hcad. 
Both boTcl and abed. 

9. Orbovcln 



la Incl . 

Wants elbow room. 
] I . Let wheat and rye, 

In hoiue lie diy. 
13. Bu7 turf and aedge. 

Or else break bei%e^ 

13. Good slore-lKnue, needAill, 
Well ordcT'd, q>eedfulL 

14. Thj banta repair, 
Jdake floor fair. 

tibriu andrakea. 

^ Leaan of Hop-yard, 

I, Wbere bopi will grow, 
Hov Icam to know : 
Hopi many will come. 
In a rood of room. 

I. "aaps hate the Und, 
With graTel and sand. 

. The rotten mould. 
For hop II worth gold. 

'., The aun aoutb-wot. 
For hop-yatd !■ beat 

I. Hop-plot once foood. 
Now dig the ground. 

I. Hopi favouretfa malt, 
Hope, tlirill doth exi^t 
Of hopa more zead. 


Calm wadlM-hi JuBb Foniittni, OHiitta paat. 

Con au In luiH, Do Sow ■! the kM. 

1. W«iH aheep (for the better), where water dc 
Aod let bim go cleanly, and dry in tbe ran : 

3. Reward not thy ibeep, when ye take'off hia coat, 
With twitches and patchea aa broad aa a groat j 
Let not Buch ungentleneen happen to thiuE, 
LeM fly with her gentils, do make it to pine. 

S. Let Iambs go undipped, till June be half worn, 
The better the fleecea will grow to be ihoni : 
Tbe Pye will diKharge thee for^uUing tbe mMj 
The lighter the aheep ia, then feeakth it bnC 

4. If meadow be forward, be mowing of aomi^ 
But mow as the makers may well overcome. 
Take heed to tbe weather, tbe wind, and tbe ikyt 
If danger approacheth, then cock apaee, cry. 

B. Ph>ugh early till ten a'clock, then to thy h^, 
In plowing and carting, so profit ye may. 
By little and little thus doing ye win, 
iW plough ihall not hinder, when barreat oam« 

7. Let cart be well searched, without and within. 
Well clouted and greased, ere hay lime begin : 

8. Cioodfauri)andatliatlBy,toiave all thinga upright. 
For tumbrels and cart have a shed ready di^rt ; 
Where under, the hog may in winter lie warm ; 
To stand so inclosed, aa wind do no harm. 

To shut up thy poiUings, thou mindest to iiit. 

10. Some ham-mom have little, and yard-room a* 

Yet com in tbe Geld ippcTtiineth to such : 
Then bovella or ricks they are forced to make. 
Abroad or at home, for neceiiity'a sake. 

11. Make siierof breact-com(of all otiier gnun,) 
Lie dryand well look'dto,for mouse and for lain; 
Tbou^ Gtcbes and pease, and such other as they, 
(Par pestering too much) on a hovell ye lay. 

1 9. With whins or with furxea, Uiy hovell renew. 
For turf and for aedge, for to bake and to brew ; 
For charcoal and sea-coal, and also for thack, 
For taU-wood and billet, as yearly ye lack. 

13. What husbandly hudiands, except th^ba fools. 
But handsome have store-bouse, for trmkets and 

And all in good order, bat locked to lie. 
Whatever is needful, to find by and by. 

14. Thy houaes and bama would be loi&ed upon. 
And all tUnga amended, ere harvest come on : 
Things thus set in order, in quiet and rest. 
Shall further thy harvest, and pleasure Ibee bei^ 

15. TbebiubeiBtidtluini, witfatheshrutNtbatdonoy, 
In woudiere or aummer, cut down to destroy : 
But whereas decay, to the Iiee ye will none. 
For danger in Vtradsere. let bkcking done. 

IE. At midsunmier, down witb the brambles and 

And aftitr, abnad, with thy forks and thy rslccB- 
Set mowers a mowins, where meadow is grown. 
The longer now standing, the worse to be moi 

17. Now down with the grass upon faeadlands about, 
T^t groweth in shadoWj so rank and so stout ; 
But gran upon headlands of barley and pease. 
When harvest is ended, go mow if ye please. 

18. Such muddy deep ditches, and pits in (be field. 
That all a dry tununer no water will yield ; 
By fiang and casting that mud upon beapa, 
ConuDodicies many the husbandman reaps. 

19. Whoh fiutcy penwadetb, among other crops. 
To haf a for his spending sufficient of hops ; 
jUuat willingly follow, of choices to chuse, 
Stich lesKMU approred as skilfull do use. 

30. Ground gmielly, sandy, and mixed with clay, 
Is naughty for hops, any manner of way ; 
Or if it be miDgled with rubbiah and stone. 
For dryness and bairenness let it alone. 

SI. Chtue soil for the hop, of the rottenest mould. 
Well dunged and wroi^t, as a garden plot should : 
Not &r fma the water ^but not overBown) 
This lesKm well noted, i> meet to be knowti. 

2S. Hk sun in the south, ix else southly and west. 
Is jc^ to the hop, as a welcomed guest; 
But wind in the north, or the northerly east. 
To hop is as ill, *■ a fray in a feaM. 

53. Meet plot for a hop-yard, once found as is told, 
Hake thereof account, aa of Jewell of gold ; 
Now dig it, and leare it the sun for to bum, 
And afterward fence it, to serre for that turn. 

54. The bop for his proBi, I thus do exalt. 

It strengtbenelh drink, and it fsvoureth malt; 
Ani bemg well brewed, long kept it will last. 
And drawing abide, if ye draw not too &at. 


1. Go, sirs, and away, 
To ted, and make hay. 
If sttnms draw nigh. 
Then cock apace, cry. 

2. Let bay still bide, 
Till well it be dried. 
(Hay made) away carry, 
No longer then tarry. 

3. Who best way titbeth, 
Me baM way thrirelh. 

4. Two good bay-maken. 
Worth twen^ craliers. 

5. Let daUopa about. 

Be mown, and had out. 
See hay do look green, — 
See Gald ye rake clean. 

6. Thry fallow, I piay thet^ 
Len thistles bewray thee. 

7. Cut off, good wife, 
Ripe bean with a knifie. 

6. Ripe hemp out cull, 

Ftom carl to pulL 

Let seed hemp grow, 

nil more ye know. 
9. Dry flax get in. 

For spinners to spin. 

Now mow or pluck. 

Thy brank or buck. 

10. Some wormwood save. 
For March to have. 

1 1. Mark physic true. 

Of wormwood and rue- 
Get grid (o the mill. 
For wanting at will. 
liia etuUth Jvfy'i jtMrad, agtveing vritA J 

1 njLY-9 ,-KUSBAHDHY. 

1. Oo muster thy aenants, be captain thyself, 
FroTiding them weapon, and otho- like pelf: 
Get bottles and wallets, keep field in the heat. 
The fear ii as much, as the dangvr is great. 

2. With toanng and raking, and setting on cocks, 
Grass lately in swathea, is hay for an ox : 
That done, go and cart it, and have it away. 
The battle ii fought, ye iumi gotUn the day. 

4. Let bay be well mads, or anu ebeoDnw 
For moulding in mow, or of firing the house. 
Idy waisest aside, for the ox and the cow, 
Tbe finest for ibaep and thy gelding allow. 

5. Then down with the headlands, that groweth 

6. Thry 6dlowbetime, for destroying of weed, 

8. Wilk, pluck fro thy seed hemp, the fimble hemp 
lUs bmkath HUM yellow, the othar moi* gieai : 


14, Mow luuilm to bum, 

Un t'one for thj i 

ForaiMe-threadandbaltar, forropc > 

9. Now pluck up &j flu, for the maideiu to t^in. 
Tint NC it dned, and tiiiiel; got in : 
And mow up thy brink, uid awm; with it dry. 
And hoiue it up doee, out ot danger to lie. 

la While womwood bMh aeed, gel ■ hindfuU or 

To saTe against March, to nialie Be> to retrain : 
Where chamber is sweeped, and wormwood ia 

No flea, for hia life, dare abide to be known. 

II. What ■BTOor ii better, if phjnc be true, 

For places infected, Ibmtx wormwood and me ? 
It is aa a comfort, for heart and the biain. 
And tbereiiire to have it, it ia not in vain. 

IS; Get grist to the null, to haTC plenty in itore. 
Lot nnller lack water, as many do more. 
The taoJ the more yiddeth, if serrant be true. 
And miller that tolleth, take none but hii due. 

7%iu tmdtth Jufy't RtabandTti. 


1, Thbt ftUowing won. 

Get nnnpainng done. 
3. In June, and in Au, 

Swinge brakes (for ■ law). 
3. Pare aaflron plot, 

Forget it not. 

His dwelling make trim, 

Wboi harvest is gone, 

Then laffiun comes on. 
4t A little of ground. 

Brings aaffiim a pound. 

The plnaure is fine. 

Tie profit ia thine. 

Keep colour in diying, 

Well used, worth buying. 
B. Haidi, mustard.4eed nap, 

And lay on a heap. 
G. Good neighboun in deed. 

Change seed for wed. 

7. Now strike up drum. 
Come, harvest-man come. 
Take pain fbr a gain. 
One knave mars twain. 

8. Reap com by the day. 
Lest com do decay : 
By great, is the cheaper. 
If trusty wen reaper. 

9. Blow luKTi for sleepers. 
And ebiea up thy reapers. 

la Well doing who lovetfa. 

These barrest paints proTeth. 

II. Pay God's part first, 
Artd not of the worst. 

13. Now, parson, 1 say, 
lltbe cany away. 

Scare hog fran wbevl. 



To bake thy bread. 
To bun under lead. 

15. Mown haulm being dry, 
No longer let lie : 

Get homo thy haulm. 
While weather is calm. 

16. Mown bsfley, less cost. 
Till mown much lost. 

IT. Heap barley with sickle. 
That lies in ill pickle, greenest stand. 
For making of band. 
Bands made without dew, 
WiU hold but a finr. 

18. Lay band to find ber. 
Two rakes to a binder. 

19. Bake aAer scythe. 
And pay thy tithe. 
Com carried all, 
Then rake it ye sh^. 

iO. Let shock take swwt. 
Lest goff take beat: 

21. More often ye mm, 

More pease ye out spurn : 
Yet winnow tbem in. 
Ere carriage b^in. 

S2. Thy carting ply. 

While weather is dry. 

23. Bid goring climb, 
Gove just and trim. 
Lay wheat tot seed. 
To come by at need. 
Seed.barley caat, 
To thresh out last, 

24. Lay pease upon stack. 
If hoTeU ye lack. 
And coTd it strai^ilv 
From doves that wait, 

25. Let gleanen glean, 
rrbe poor I mean.) 
Which ever ye sow. 
That first eat low i 
The other forbear. 
For rowen to spare. 

SG. Come home, lord, singing. 
Come iMme, com bringing. 
"Hs merry in hall. 
Where beards wag all. 

ST. Once had thy dwe. 
Pay woritman hia hire : 
Let none be tx^l'd, 
Man, woman, nor diild. 

Se. Thank God ye ^lall. 
And adieu for all. 

29. Get tumbrel in band. 
For bailey land. 

30. The better tbe mnck. 
The belter good luck. 

SI. Still carriage is good. 

For timber and wood. ,-i\.-' 
No longer driays, • S 
To mend the lu^iwiy*. 

39. In piling of Ir^i, 

Make hwell for hogi, 

34. VFlfe, plow, doth cry, 
To pic^Ling of rje. 

35. Such leed u ye bow. 
Such rea,p or eUe mow. 

36. l^ke ihipping, or ride, 
LcDt Btuf to provide. 

37. L«t haberdea lie. 
In pcaae-rtnv dry. 

38. When out ye rid^ 
Leave & good guide. 

39. Some proflt spy out. 
By riding about. 

Mark DOW thorough year, 
WbM cheap, what dear. 

40. Some skill doth wall. 
To buy and to sell : 
Of thief who buyeth. 
In danger lieth. 

41. Commodity known, 
Abmul is blown. 

43. At fint hand buy. 
At third let lie. 

43. Hare money, preM, 
To buy at the beat. 

44. Some cattje home bring, 
Pot Michaelma* spring. 
By hawk uid hmmd. 
Small profit ia found. 

tS. IMapatcfa, took bom^ 
ToloiMting mome. 
Provide, or repent. 
Milch cow (br Lent. 

46. Now crone your (beep. 
Fat thooe ye keep. 
Leave iniHitig old cow. 
Fat aged up now. 

47. Sell butler and cbeeae. 
Good fain few leew. 
At lain, go buy. 
Home wanta to supply. 

45. If hops look brown. 
Go, gubei them down ; 

For piddling with fbw. 
49. Of hops thia knack, 

A many doth lack ; 

Once had Ihy will. 

Go cover bia hilL 
5a Take hop to thy dole. 

But break not his pole. 
St. Lcain her^ thou stranger. 

To frame bop manger. 
5S. Hop>pol(a preaerve. 

Again to serve. 

Hop-polea, by and by, 

Lay lafe up to diy. 

Lest poles wax aouit, 

New polee go plant. 

53. Ilie hop, kiln dii'd, 
Will best abide. 
Hops dri'd in loft. 
Want tendance ofi ; 
And shed their seeds. 
Much more than needs. 

54. Hops dri'd, small cost, 
111 kept, half lost. 

This life is so. 
7%iu endtlh AtigiuCi Abttrnii, agncotg wtlA Avguit't 


I • Thit fallow once ended, go strike by and by. 
Both wheat land and barley, and so let it lie ; 
And, as ye have leisure, go compas the smu^ 
When up ye do lay it, more fruitful to frame. 

3. Get down with thy brakes, ere an' showers do 

That cattle the better, may pasture have soiiw : 
In June and in August, a* well doth ^pear, 
la best to mow brakes, of all times in the year. 

3. Pare saffhm between the two Sl Mary's dsys. 
Or aet, or go shift it, that knowelh the waya. 
What year shall I do it, more profit to yield ? 

Tbe fourth in the garden, the third in the Seld. 

4. In having but fraty foot, wwkmanly digfat. 
Take sa&on enough for • lord and t, knight. 
AU winto- time after, as piaclice doth teach, 
What plot have ye better for linen to bleach 7 

5. Moida, mustard-seed gather, fi>r beii^ too ripe. 
And weather it well, eie ye give It a stripe : 
Then drcaa it, and lay it in soller up sweet, 
Lest foistineaa make it, for table unmeet. 

6. GiM>d huswives In summer wiU sate their own 

Agunst the neit year, as oceaston needs : 
One seed for another, to make an eidiange. 
With fellawly OBghbourtkaod, Sffmrth not 

7i Make siier of reapers, get harvest in hand, 
Tbe com that ia ripe, doth but abed as it stand : 
Be thankAil to Ood, for his benefits sent. 
And willing to lave it, with earnest intent. 

B. To let out thy harvest, by great or by day. 
Let this by eiperience lead thee tbe way : 
By great will decave thee, with lingering it out, 
By day vrill dispatch, and put all out of doubt. 

It of despair. 

1. Tithe duly and truly, with hearty good vrill. 
That God and his blessing may dwell with thee 


13. Con tltbad, Or Pknon, togndwi go g«t. 
And emawB it oa ibocki, to be b; and by act; 
Not Icaring it icmtlering (broad ro the ground. 
No- long in the field, but mwaj with it imind. 

13. To cart-gap and bam ut a guide to look well. 
And hof out. Sir Carter, the bog tra thj wheel : 
Lett greedy of feeding, in following carl. 
It Dojeth or peiiabeth, tpite of th^ heart. 

14. Id champon coun^ a p1i 
Tomow up their haulm, fo 
And also it itaiida them initead of 
Which bei^ well inned, thej cbhhi 



'ell lack. 

15. The hauhn is tfas Mraw of the wheat or the rye^ 
WUch once bang reaped, tbej mow by and by. 
Pot fear of deffroying, with cattle or nin, 
Tlie eooner ye load it, more profit ye gain. 

16. The mowing of barlej, if barley do itand. 
Is cheapest and best, for to rid out of hand : 
Some mow it, and rake it,* and wt it on cocks. 
Soma mow it, and Und i^ and Kt it on tboclu. 

IT. Otbaiir/, the longeit and greenest ye find. 
Leave Manding by dallt^ie, till time y* do bind : 
Tlien early in morning, while dew is thereon. 
To making of bands, till the dew be all gone. 

IS. One spreadetta thow bands, so in order to lie, 
Ai barley (in iwatches) coay fill it thereby ; 
Which gathered up, with the rake and the hand. 
Hie (bUower after them, bindeth in band. 

19. Where barley ia raked, (if dealing be true,) 
Tbe tenth of luch taking to parson is due ; 
Where scatt'ring of bailey is seen to be much, 
^ 9 tittmig should 

SO. Cocn being had down, (any way ye allow,) 
Should witho-ai necdeth.for huminginmowi 
Such skill appettaineth to barrest-man'i ar^ 
And taken in time, is ■ bnibandly part- 
Si. No turning of peason, till carriage ye make. 
Nor turn in no more, than ye mind for to take ; 
Lest beaten with ahowen, so turned to dry. 
By tuning and tonng, they shed a* they lie. 

33. If weather be fair, and tidy thy grun. 
Make speedily carriage, for fear of a nin ; 
For tempest and showers deceiveth a many. 
And lingering lubben lose many a penny. 

53, In goring at harretl, learn ^Ifully how. 
Each grain for lo lay, by itself on a mow : 
Seed-bariey, tbe purast, gore out of the way. 
All other nigh hand, gore as just as ye may. 

54. Stad pease upon botell, abroad in the yard. 

With ill Monny weather do perish thy stack. 

95. Cam carried, let such as be poor go and glean. 
And after thy cattle, to mouth it up clean ; 
TliBD spare it for rowen till Micfari be past, 
T« lengthen thy dairy, no better thou hast. 

28. Nowlook up to God-ward, let tongue never cease. 
In thanking of him for his mi^iy increase : 
Accept my good will — fur a proof go and try i 
The better thou thrivest, the gladder am I, 

39. Now carry out compaa, when harvest is donc^ 
Wbae barley thou sowest, my champion son j 
Or lay it on heap, in the field as ye may. 
Till carriage be tiiir, to have it away. 

31. Ere winter prevenleth, vhOe weather Is good. 
For galling of pasture, get home with thy wood. 
And can7 out gravel to flU up a hole. 
Both timber and JWien, the turf and tbe coaL 

33. House charcoal and sedge, chip and coal of the 

I. In stacking of bavin, and yHing of logs. 
Make under thy bavin, a hovel fin' hogs ; 
And warmly enclose it, all saving the mouth. 
And lliat to stand open, and lull to the south. 

34. Once harvest dispatched, get wenches and boys,. 
And into the barn, afore all other toys ; 
Clioiced seed to be picked, and trimly well ly'd. 
For seed may no longer from threshing abide. 

I. Get seed afore hand, in a readiness had. 
Or better provide, if thine own be too bad : 
Be careful of seed, or else such as ye sow. 
Be siier at harvest, to reap or (o mow. 

36. When harvest is ended, take shipping or ride. 
Ling, salt-fish, and herring, fur Lent to provide : 
To buy it at first, as it cometh to road. 
Shall pay for thy charges thou apendest abroad. 

'. Oiuse skilfully salufisb, not burnt at the stont^ 
Buy such as be good, or else let it altme : 
Get home that is bought, aiidgo slack it up dry. 
With pease-straw between it, the safer lo U& 

38. Era ever ye journey, cause servant with qieed, 
To compss thy bai4ey land, where it is need- 
One acre well compassed, pasaeCh some three. 
Thy bnm ^all at harvest declare it (o Uiee. 

39. Thii lenoQ ii learned, by Tiding ibout, 
Tha pricei of Tictuols, the jen tfaorougbont : 
Both what to be sellini;, uiil what to refnin, 
Aod what u> be buying, to bring in again. 

40. Though buying and selling doth wonderfidl well. 
To luch as have skill, how to buy and to »U ; 
Tel chopping and cfaanpng I cannot commend, 
mth thief and his marrow, for fear of ill end. 

41. The rich Id his bargaining need not be Uugfat, 
Of buyer and seller, full fiv is he sought ; 
Yet htoein conuiceth B part of my text. 

Who buyeth at first hand, and who at the next 

48. At tint hand he buyech, that payeth all down. 
At second, that hath not lo much in the town : 
At third hand he buyeth, that buyeth crf'iruM, 
,At Ail hand wbo buyeth, shall pay for his lust. 

43.* As oft as ye bargain, for better or wone, 

To buy it the che^>eT, have chinks In thy pune. 
Touch kept is commended, yet credit to keep, 

). Some akiUuty dtieth thor hops on a kcdl, ' 
And some on a soUer, oft turning tbero well. 
Kell dried will abide, foul weatlwr or fair, 
Where drying, and lying, in loft do deqiair. 

54. Some doae them up dry in a hogshead or tit, 
Tet cauTSB or (outage is better than that : 
By drying and lying, they quickly be spilt, 
Tims much have I shewed ; do now as thou wilt. 

55. Old Gumer is foreed long August to make. 
His goods at more leisure away for to take : 
New fiumer, be thinketh each hour a day, 
Untill the old farmer be packing away. 

Thai enditlt and holdefh out Augiut't Huabajutri/ IMl 
JficAofimiu Eve. 

Tbo. Tdssir. 

44. Be mindiull, abroad, of a Michselmi 

Good husbands get treasure, to purchase their 

45. ^y maxket dispatched, turn home again round. 
Lest gafung for penny thou lo&est a pound, 
Provide for thy wife, or else look to be shent, 
Good mildi cow for winter, another fbr Lent. 

48. In tnvelling bomeward, buy forty good crones, 
And&t up Sie bodies of those seelyliones; 
I.eave milking, and dry up old Mulley thy cow ; 
The crooked and aged, to fatting put now. 

4T. At Baitlemew tide, or at Sturbridge fur. 
Buy that u is needfull, thy house to repair. 
Tben sell to thy profit, botfi butt«r and cheese. 
Who buyeth it sooner, the more heshs" ' 

46. If hops do IcmA brownish, tben are ye too slow, 
If longer ye suffer these hops for to grow : 
Now sooner ye gather, more profit is found. 

If weather be fair, and dew olf a ground. 

49. Notbreakoffibutcutofrifivm hop the hop-string. 
Leave growing a little, again for to spring ; 
Whose hill about pared, and therewith new clad. 
Shall nourish more sets, against March (o be had. 

50. Hop hillock discharged of every let. 

Bee, then, without breaking, each pole ye out get ; 
Which being untangled, above in the tops, 
Go carry to such as are plucking of hops. 

51. Take soutage, or hair, thM covers the kell, 
Set like to a manger, and fastened well ; 
Wth pole* upon crotches, u high as thy breast. 
For saving and riddance, is husbandry best. 

53. Hops had, the bop-poles that are likely, preserre 
Frmn breaking and rotting, again fbr to serve ; 
And plant ye with alders or willoirs a plot, 
^"^ 'WK— o yearly, as needeth,mo poles may be got. 

I. One part cast forth, for rent due out of hand. 
3. One other part, for seed lo sow thy land. 
3. Another part, leave panon for bis tithe. 
4.' Another part, for harvest sickle and scythe. 

5. One part, for plough-wright, cart-wright, knacker 

and smith. 

6. One part, to uphold thy teams that draw there- 


7. One part, for servant, and workman's wages lay, 

8. One part, likewise, for fill-belly, day by day. 

9. Onepartthy wife, for needful things doth crave. 
lO. Thyaelf and child, the last one part would have. 

Who minds to quote 
Upon this note. 

May easily find enough ; 
What charge and pain. 
To little gain. 

Doth follow toiling plough. 

Yet fanner may 
Thank God and say, 

For yearly such good hap 
Well fare die plough, 
Thai sends enow. 

To stop BO many a gap. 

Tna thrifty that tcscheth the thriving to thrive. 
Teach timely to traveiae, the thing that thou 'trive, 
TranafCTting thy toiling, to timeliness (aught. 
This teacheUi thee tsnp'rance, to temperthy thought. 
Take IVusty (to trust to) that thinkest to thee. 
That truatily thriftinesi trawleth to thee. 
Then tamper thy trmvell, to tairy the tide, 
This leacheth thee thrifliness, twenty times try'd. 
Take thankful! thy talent, thank thankfully those. 
That tbrifUly teadieth thy time to tianipaae. 
Troth twice to be teached, leach twenty timea ten. 
This trade thou diat takest, take thrift to thee then. 

Ape- like Apes we be tojing, tOl twenty and aw, 

XtM. Hwii iattf u Lions, till foity be gone. 

Fta. Then wile; h Faxes, till tfareeacora uul direa, 

^n. 'nwn after for Aiae*, accounted we bt. 

Wbo plaji witli hii betta- thi« lesson must know, 
WlMt hmubleiwei Fox to tbe Lion doth owe : 
For Ape witb his topng, and nidenew of Aaa, 
Brings (out of good hi>ur) displeuure to pan. 




1. Ill biubandiy braggetfa 
To go with the best ; 
Good husiModry baggetb 
Up gold in his chest. 

S. ni fauabandi7 trudgeth 
Witb unttariAa about : 
Good iutsbandry modgeth. 
For fear of a doubt. 

3. Ill husbandry spendeth 
Abroad, Like s tnome : 
Good bunbandiy tendeth. 
His dauiges at home. 

4. m husbandry selledi 
His com on tbe ground : 
Good hndiandry sniellcth 
No gain that way fuund. 

5. m husbandry iosetfa. 
For lack of good fence ; 
Good husbandry closelh. 
And gainetb the pence. 

e. Ill husbandry trunteth 


7. Thi first seien yean, bring up as a child, 
14. llie next to learning, for waiing too wild. 
31. The next, keep under Sir Ilobluud de Hoy, 
S8. The next, a man, no longer a boy. 
35. The next, let Lusty lay wisely to wire, 
49. The next, lay now, or else nerer to thti*e. 
49. Tlie next, make sure, for lerni of thy life, 
56. The next, lar* somewhat for cbildrm and wife. 
63. TV next, be stayed, giTe otbt thy lust, 
Ta. Tbe BKtX, think hourly, whither thou must. 
77. The next, get d>air, md crutdies to stay, 
84. The next, to bearen, God send us the way ! 

Who loaeth their youth, ihall rue it in age ! 
Who batetta tfaa truth, in sorrow shall rage. 

Himself out of door : 
Good husbandry meateth. 
His friend and the poor. 

e. in husbandry dayetli. 
Or letleth it lie : 
Good husbandry payeth. 
The cheaper to buy. 

9. Ill husbandry luricnb. 
And steoletb a sleep : 
Good husbandry woiletli, 
His bouihold to keep. 

10. HI husbandry liTcth, 
By that and by this : 
Good husbandry giTeth 
To every man his. 

1 1. Ill husbandry taketh. 
And spendeth up all : 
Good huibaudry makethf 
Good sbifl with a uimll. 

13. Ill huriiandry ptayeth, 
Hil wifls to make shift i 
Good husbandry laith. 
Take this of my gift. 

13. Ill husbandry drowseth. 
At fbrtunc so awk : 
Good husbandry rouaetb, 
Himaelf as a hawk. 

M. lU hi 

In prison for debt : 
Good husbandry spieth. 
Where profit to get 

15. Ill husbandry ways 

Hath, to fraud what he can : 
Good busbandry praise 
Hath, of erery man. 

16. lU husbandry nenr 

Hath wealth to keep touch : 
Good husbandly erer. 
Hath penny in pouch. 

Good husband his l>oon 
Or request lialb afar : 

111 husband as soon, 
Hatb a toad with an R. 

. Thx country enclosed I praise. 
The t'other deligbteth not me; 
For nothing the wealth it doth raise 

To such as inf^or be- 
How both of tbem {wrtly I know, 
Here aomewhat I mind for to shew. 

9. Tliere swineherd, that keepetli the hog. 
There neatherd, with cow and his lioni 
There shepherd, witb whistle and dog. 

Be fence to the meadow and cam. 
Tliere hone, being tied to a balk. 
Is ready with thief for to walk. 
N 2 

3. Where all things in eoamon do rest. 

Com field with tbe pasture and mead; 
Though common ye do for the best, 

Yet what doth it stand ft in Bt«d : 
There common si commonen use. 
For otherwise sbait tbou not chiue. 

4. What layer much better than there. 

Or cheaper (thereon to do well ?) 
What drudgery more any where, 

Less good thereof where can ye tell ? 
What gotten by summer is seen. 
Id winter is eaten up clean. 

5. Example by I 

What soil can be better than that ? 
For any thing heart can desire. 

And yet doth it want, ye see what. 
Mast, covert, close posture, and wood. 
And other things needfull as good. 

6. All these doth enclosure bring, 

Eiperience teacheth no less : 
I ipeak not, to boaat of the thing. 

But only a truth to express. 
Example, if doubt ye do make, 
B7 Suflijk and Eiaei go take^ 

7. More plenty of mDtMn and beef. 

Com, butler, and cheese of tlw best. 
More wealth any whov, to be brief. 

8. More work fbr the labotiring man, 

Aa well in the town as the field ; 
Or thereof (derise if ye can) 

More pniSt, what countries do yield ? 
More seldom, where see ye the poor. 
Go b^ging irom door unto door ? 

9. Id Norfolk, behold the despair 

Of tillage too much to be bom, 
By drOTeis, irom ftir to lair. 

And othen destroying the com. 
By custom and covetous pates, 
Bj B*P*i ■»^ by opening of gales. 

10. What speak I of commonen by. 

With dnwing all ailer a line i 
So noying the com as it lie, 

With cattle, with conies and swine. 
When thou hast bestowed thy cost. 
Look hair of the asme to be lost. 

11. Tbe flocks of the lords of the kh'I, 

Do yearly tbe winter com wnHig ; 
Tbe same in a manner they spml. 

With feeding so low and so long. 
And thetefiMV that champian field, 
Dotfa seldom good winter com yidd. 

1 3. The champion robbeth by night. 

And prowleth and filcheth by day ; 
Himself and his beast, out of sight. 

Both spoileth and maketh away. 
Not only thy grass but thy com, 
Both after, and ere it be shorn. 

14. FeasfrJnIt with (hy pease be will have. 

His bouahold tu feed and his hog ; 
Now stealeth he, now will he crave. 

And now will he coien and cog. 
In Bridewell, a number be stript, 
Leas worthy than tUef to be whipt. 

15. The 01-boy as ill is as he. 

Or worsei, if worse may be found, 
For t^Huling trom thine and &om thee. 

Of gTHs and of com on the giound. 
Idy never so well for to save it, 
By night or by day, be wiU have it. 

16. What orchard, unrofabed, escapes? 

Or pullet daie walk in titdr jet? 
But homeward or outward (like ^>e8) 

They count It their own tbey can get. 
Lord! if ye do take them, what sturs? 
How hold tbey together like bun ? 

17. For 

inclosing they may not abide ; 
let some be not able to buy, 

A cow with her calf by her side. 
Nor lay not to live by their work. 


loiter aud lurk. 

18. The lord of the town is to blame. 

For these and for many bults mo ; 
For that he doth know of the same. 

Yet lets it unpunished go. 
Such lords ill eiample doih give, 
Where varlet and drabs loay so live. 

19. What foo^iatha are made, sod how broad. 

Annoyance too much to be borne ; 
With horse and with cattle what road. 

Is made thorough every man's com ? 
Where champions ruleth the roast, 
lliere daily disorder ii most. 

30. Their sheep where they drive for to wash. 
How careless such sheep they do guide? 
The farmer they leave in the lash. 

With losses on every side. 
Though any man's corn they do bite. 
They vill not allow him a mite. 

21. What hunting and hawking u there? 
Com looking for sickle at hand ) 
Acts lawless to do without fear. 

How yeariy together Ifaey band. 
More harm to another to do, 
Than they would be done so unto. 

9S. More profit is quieter found, 

(Where pastures in sevetall be;) 
Of oneseely acre of ground, mil- 

Than champion m^eth of thieel^^ ' ^ 
Again what a joy it is known. 
When men may be bold of their own? 


S3. Hw t'one u conunended Tor grain, 

Yet bread made of beuu tbey do cat : 
The t'Otber for one loaf hath twain. 

Of mealin, of rye, or of ivbeat, 
Tbe champion liveth full bare ; 
When iroodland full meny doth tare. 

S4- T'one givedi his com in a dearth. 

To lione, sheep, and hog eTei7 day t 
Tlie t'other gira cattle wann baith. 

And feed tbera witb ainw and with hay. 
Com spent of the t'one so in vain. 
The t'other doth aell to hi« gain. 

25- T^one barefoot and ragged dotfa go. 
And ready in winter to starve ; 
When t'other ye see do not so. 

But hath that is needfuU to serve. 
Tone pain in a cottage doth lake, 
Wliea t'other trim bower* do make. 

26. Tone layeth for turf and for sedge. 
And hath it witli wonderfull suit; 

Whep t'other in eieiy hedge. 
Hath plenty of fuel and fruit. 

Evils twenty times woner tlian these, 

Enclomire quickly would ease. 

57. In woodland, tbe poor men that have, 

Scarce fully two acres of land, 
Uore merrily live, and do save 

Than t'other with twenty in hand. 
Yet pay tbey as much for the tiro. 
As t'other for twenty must do, 

58. Tbe labourer coming from thence. 

In woodland to work any where, 
(1 wanant yon) goeth not hence. 

To woA any more again there. 
Ifdiis same be tnie (as it is,) 
Why gtUber they nothing of this? 

99. The poor at enclosum do grutcb, 

Brcause of abuses tlut &11; 
Lert some man siiould have but too much. 

And tome sgain nothing at slL 
If order might (herein be found . 
What were to the severall ground? 

le fetches are seldan bebind. 
His hatred procnreth irom naughty to worse, 
Hb tnendship like Judas, that csrried the purse. 
His hevl is a stoTe-bouie with quanels full fnught, 
His brain is unqoiet, till all come to naught. 
His memory pr^nant, old ills to recite. 
His mind ever Gxed, each ill to requite. 
His mouth full of venom, his lips out of frame, ■ 
a false witness, his friend to deftmie. 



IS spialls, alarum 
His hands be as tyrants, revenging each thing, 
His feet at thine elbow, as serpent to sting. 
His breaM full of rancour, like canker to iret. 
His heart, like a Itoo, bis neigbbour to eat. 

His gtH, like a sbeep-bllsr, fleoinf aside. 
His kx^ like a coicomb, up pu9ed with pride. 
His ftce made of brass, like a vice in a game. 
His gesture like Davu^ whom Terence doth name 
His brag, as Tbcrsiles, with elbows abroad. 
His cheeks, in his liuy, shall swell like a toad. 
His colour like asbes, his cap in his eyes. 
His nose in tbe air, hiis snout in tlie skies. 
His promise to trust to, as slippy u ice. 
His credit much like to tha chance of the dice. 
His knowledge or skill is m prating too mu<^ 
His company shunned, and so be all such. 

His doinga unlucky, and ever uqjust. 
His fetch is to Batter, to get what he can. 
His purpose once gotten, a pin for thee tfaen> 


DoTB damell good, among dM flow'r; wheat 7 

Do diistlea good, so (hick in fidlows spy'd ? 
Do taint worms good, that lurk where oi should eat? 

Or sucking drones, in hives where bees abide ? 
Do hornets good, or these same bitiiig gnats? 

In house well deckt, what good do gnawing nla 7 
Foul swelling toada, what good by titan Is seen 7 
Or casting moles, among the meadows green ? 

Doth heavy news make glad the heart of man ? 
Or rHHSome smells, what good doth that to health 7 

Now once for all, what good (shew who so can?) 
Do stinging snakes, to OxU our commonwealth 7 

No more doth good, a peevish slanderous tongue. 

But hurts itself and noys both old and young. 

To drive out April's buds, by sea and land. 
For minion May, to deck most trim with flower. 

Seven times, hath temperate Fer, like pageant 
And pleasant ^ttai, eke, her flowers told: 

Seven times, ^utumnia beat hath been delay'd. 
With Bgetnt boisterous blasts, and Utter cold. 

Seven times, the thirteen moons have changed htie. 
Seven times, the sun his course hath gone shout; 

Seven times, each bird her neat hath built anew. 
Since, first time you to serve, I chused out. 

Still yours am I, though tlnis the time bath past. 

And trust to he^ as long as life shall UsL 


FuiHD, where we met this other day. 

We heaid one make ids moan, and say. 

Good Lord \ how might I thrive? 

Wa he ird motfiar mcwer him, 
Tlwninake thea hiadaoine, trick and tibir 
And lay in time to wiTe. 

And what of that, ny you to me? 
Do jou, founeir, thiok that to be. 

The beat wa; filr to thrire? 
ir truth were truly Ixdted out, 
Ai touching thrift, I stand in doubt. 

If men were best to wive. 

TTiere is no doubt, for prove I can, 
I have but neldom seen that man, 

Which could the way to thrive ; 
Until it wat hig happy lot. 
To stay hinueir in loine good plM, 

And wisel; then (o wive. 

And I am of anotiter mind. 
For by no rauon can I find. 

How that way I ahould thriTe ; 
For where, aa now, I apend a penny, 
I aiiould not then be quit with many, 

l^irougb bondage, for to wiva. 

Not >o, for now where thou doat tpeai. 
Of this and that, to do good end, 

Which hindreth tliee to thrive : 
Such Tun eipencea tbou abould'at tttve, 
And daily then lay more to liave, 

At other* do that wive. 

Why then do folk, this proverb put, 
Ttie black oi near trod on thy foot. 

If that way were to thrive : 
Here out a man may taoa pick forth, — 
Few feeleth what a penny ia wottii, 

"nil such time as ttiey wive. 

If thereby thou wilt thrive : 
Look ere thou leap, aee ere thou go. 
It may lie for thy profit bo. 

For thee to lay to wiva. 

It is too much, we daily bear. 
To wive and thrive both in a year, 

As toticfaing now to tluive : 
I know not ho^in what to spy. 
But that there doth ■Inal^pn)fit lie. 

To fancy for to wive. 

Indeed, the firat year oft is such, 
Hiat fondly some bestoweth much, — 

A let to them to thrive : 
Tel other mo may won be found, 
Which gellelh many a fair |>oimd. 

The lamc day that they-wivc. 

I grant, Mime getteth more that day. 
Than they can eaaly bear away. 

Now needi then muit they thrive : 
What gainetb such, think you by that? 
A little burden ^ you wot what. 

Through fondness for to wive. 

llau aeemeat blind, as mo have been ; 
It is not beauty bringeth in. 

The thing to make thee thrive : 
In woman-kind, see that ye do, 
Require of her no glA but two. 

Whene'er ye mi^ to wive. 

But two, aay you 7 I pray you than. 
Shew these as briefly as you can. 

If that may help to thrivct 
I ween we must conclude anon, 
Of those aame twain to want the I'one 

Whene'er we chance to wive. 

An honest huswife, trust to me. 
Be those same twain, I say to thee, 

That help so much to thrivet 
As honesty far'passetb gold. 
So huswifery, in young and old, 

Do pleasure such as wive. 

The honesty, indeed, I grant, 
la one good point a wife ahould haunt. 

To make her husband thrive : 
But now, fain would I have you shew. 
How sliould a man good huswife know. 

If once he hap to wive ? 

A huBwife good, betimea will riie. 
And order things in comely wise, — 

Her mind is set to thrive : 
Upon lier dittaff >he will qan. 
And with her needle she inll vrin. 

If such ye h^ to wive. 

Some more than this yet do alie shall. 
Although thy stock be very small, 

Tet will >he help thee thrive: 
Lay thou to save, as well as ihc, ^q I,- 
And then thou shall enriched be, (_V 

When such thou haptl to wive. 


If abe were nune, I tell thee trath. 
Too nucb to trouble her, I were loUh, 

For greediiieB to tbrite : 
Lest tame should talk, ai ia the apeecb, 
The good wife's buitnod wean uo breech, 

irsucb I hap to wiie. 

What hurts h thee what some do wy. 
If honestly, alie take the way, 

To help thee for to thiire : 
For hoowty will make her prest, 
To do the thing that ihail be beit. 

If sudi je hap to wiT«, 

Why did Diogenes say then, 
To one that ai^t of bun time when. 

Were best to wJTe to thriTe? 
Not yet (quoth he] if thou be young. 
If thou wBi old, then bold thy tongue. 

It is too late to wive. 

Bdike be knen some shrewiih wife, 
Which with her hu^iand made such ttiife. 

That hinder'd bim to thrire : 
Who then may blame him for that cUuM^ 
Though then he spake, as aomc had came, 


Why then I see, to take a shrew, 
(As seldom other there be few) 

la not the way to thrive : 
So faaid a thing, I spy it ia. 
The good to cbuse, the shrew to miis, 

Tbtt fiearedi me to wi*e. 

Sw may tn something seem a shrew, 
Tct niiji a huswife, as but few. 

To help thee for to thrive : 
TUa ptorerb, look, in mind je keep, 
At good a shrew ia, as ■ sheep, 

Fiw yoa to take to wire. 

Now, be she lan^ or be ibe ewe, 
Gire me the sheep, lake thou the riirew. 

See which of us shall tluiTe : 
If she be shrewish, think for troth. 
For all her thrift I would be loth. 

To match with such ta wive. 

Tosh ! ferewell tbcD, 1 leave you off. 
Such fools as you who lore to mcolf, 

Shall seldom wive to thrive : 
Contrary bs-, as you do me. 
And then ye shall, I wanaot ye. 

Repent ye, if ye wive. 

Friend, let us both pre jiutly place. 
To wedded man to judge this oat. 

Which, best wtqr ii to thrive : 
For both OUT talk, as seemeth plain. 
Is but as luq>peiKd in our bnin. 

To will or not to wive. 

As cock that wants hts mate, goes roving all about, 
With crowing early and late, to find his lover out; 
And as poor silly hen, long wanting cock to guide. 
Soon droops, and shortiy then begins to peak aside ; 
Even BO it is with man and wife, where government 


The want of t'l 

!, the other's life, doth ihorilj socm 

In jest and in earnest, here argued ye find, 

Tliat husband and huAwife together muat dwell. 
And thereto the Judgment of wedded man's mind. 

That husband^ otherwise ap«edeth not well : 
So somewhat mure now I intend for to tell. 
Of huawiiiy, Nke as of huEbandry told. 
How huswifely huswife helps bring in the gold. 
TAttf ewIitA the Book ^HuAantby^ 



1 . Thodoh danger be mickl^ 
And ftvor so fickle j 
Yet duty doth tickle 
My fancy to write ^ 
Concerning how pretty. 
How fine and how netty, 
Good huswife should jeOy 
From morning to night. 

9. Not minded by writing. 
To kindle a spigfaling. 
But shew by inditing. 

As afterward told. 

How husbandry easeth. 

So huswifery pleaseth. 

And many purse grelieth 

With silver and gold. 

3. F< 

husbandry weepeth. 
Where huswifery slecpeth. 
And hardly be creepeth. 

Up ladder to thrift : 
That wanteth to bold him, 
Thrift's ladder to hold him, 
Beton it be told him. 

He blis without ihiA. 

4. Lett many ibould Itur vae. 

And otben Tonweu mei 

OTtroth I do bear me 

Uprigtit, as je IM : 

Full minded to love all. 



5. For if I sliould mind some. 
Or descant behind some, 
And miBung to find BomeT 

Displease so I mougbt; 
Or if I ghould blend Ihem, 
And >o to ofiend tbcm, 
What stir I should send them, 

1 stand in a doubt. 

6. Though barroleH I make it. 
And same do well take it. 
If otben fonake it, 

What pleasure weta that? 
Naught else, hut lo pain me. 
And nothing to gun me, 
But make them disdain me, 

I wot ne'er for what. 

1. Lest some make a trial. 
As clock b; the dial, 
Some stand to denial. 

Some murmur and gm^ ; 
Give judgment, I pr^ you. 
For justly so may you ; 
So taney, so say you, 

I make you my judge. 

8. In time, je shall try me. 
By troth, ye shall spy me. 
So find, to set by me. 
According to AUi : 
However tree groweth. 
The iiruit, the tree abewetiv 
Your I^yiMp knoweth. 
My heart and good wilL 

9. Though fc 

nigh fc 
Yet if I may pleanir 
Your Honor with 
Then will me to ma 
Or mend ere ye send it. 
Or any when lend i^ 
If ought be amits. 


Your Ladyship's Serrant, 


1. Now listen, good buswirea, what dmngs are here. 
Set forth for a day, as it should for a year : 
Both easy to follow, and aooo to atduere. 
For such as by huswifeiy locAeth lo thrive. 

S. The forenoon afikirs, till dinner (with some) 
Then afternoon doings, till inpper-tiaM coma ; 
With breakfast and dinner time, sup and to bed, 
^taad, orderly placed, to quiet thine bead. 

3. TTm meaniiig Is this — for a da^ what ye see, 
That monthly and yearly, contmued must be ; 
And hereby to gather, (as prore I intend), 
Tliat htuwifWy matters have nerer an end. 

4. I have not by hear-say, nor reading in book, 

Set out (peradventure) that some aunot broiA ; ' 
Nor yet of a spite, to be doing with any. 
But such as have scared me, many a pemiy. 

5. If widow, both huswife and husband may be. 
What cause hath a widower, leaser than she ? 
'Tis needJ\ill that both of them look well about ; 
Too cardess within, and too lazy without. 

6. Now, therefore, if well ye consider of this^ 
What losses and croeics come d^y amiss ; 
Then bear with a widower's pen as ye may. 
Though husband ofh us wiffeiie, tomewhatdoth say. 



I serve for a day, for a week, for a year. 
For lifb-time, for ever, while man dwelleth ha*. 
For richer, for poorer, &om north to the aouth. 
For honest, for hardhead, for dunty of mouth. 
For wed and unwedded, in sicknesa and healtl^ 
-For all that well liveth, in good commonwealth. 
For city, fbr country, for court, and &a cart. 
To quiet the head, and to comfort the heait. 



li Or huswife, doth huswifery challenge that name, 
Of huswifery, huswife doth likewise the same. 
Where husband and husbandry joineth with theae, 
llere wealthiness gotten, is holdcn with eaae. 

8. The name of a fauswifb, what is it to say? 
The wife of the house, to the hurtiand a slay. 
If huswife doth that, as belongeth to her. 

If husband be witty, there needelh no stir. 

9. The huswife is she, that to labour doth &1I, 
The labour of ha I do huswifery call : 

If thrift by that labour be honeMly go«^ 
Then is it good huswifery, else it is not. 

4. The woman the name of a huswife doth win. 
By keying her house, and of doings therein ; 
And she that with husband, will quietly dwell, 
Host think oo this lesson, and IbUow it wdL 


True lore ii i 
1. A dailf good itmoa, of huswife indeed. 

re aa she ougbt. 
Wife cotnely, no grief, 
Man out, busvUe chief. 

4. When hoiband is absent, let huiwifW be chief. 
And look U> tbeir labour, that eateth her heeC 
Both out, not allow. 
Keep bouie, huswife tbou ! 

& Tlic huBwife, w named (of keeping the hoiiie) 
HdM teod on ber profit, ■* cat on the mouses 
Seek borne for rest. 
For home U beat. 

8. Though home be but homelj, yet huswife is 
That bonw hath no fellow to niih as hare aught. 
Y Uae all with akill, 
Aik what ye will. 

](X What husband refiiseth, all comely to haie. 
That hath a good huswife, all wilUng to laTe. 
Be ready at need, 
AU thine to feed. 


17. The love of thy neigfalHniT, shall stand thee (n 
The poorer the gladder, to help at a need. 

18. This care hath a huswife^ all day in ber bead. 

Hat all thing in season, be huawibly fed. 

By piactice go muse, 

Hos, bouafaold to uae. 

ntlj, keep this as a law, 
1 to & d*il, keep servant in awe. 
Who cvelnB do live. 
Occasion do give- 

No ndgfabouT reprove, 
IX>, aa to have lore. 

18. Use friendly thy neighbour, else trust bim in 
As be bath thy Mendsliip, so trust unto his 
% Strike TKittuDS, unknown, 
Take heed to thine own. 

90. What husband provideth with money his drudge. 
The huswife must look to, which way it dotb 


Now out of the matter, this lesson I add, 
Concerning cock-crowing, what profit is had. 
£iperieuce teacheth, as true as a clock. 
How winter night paaseth, by marking the cock. 

Cock croweth at midnight, few times above six, 
^ntb pause to his neighbour, to answer betwii : 
At three a dock thicks- ; and then as ye know. 
Like all in to mattins, near day they do crow. 

At midnight, at three, and an hoiir ere day, 
Tbey utter their language, as well as tbey may ; 
Which who so regardeth, what counsel they giv^ 
Will better love crowing, as long a* they live. 

For being afraid, 
Take he^ good maid ; 
Mark crowing of cock. 

For fear 

ynrng of coc 
of a knock. 

^ The first cock croweth. 
Ho [ dame, it is midnight, what rumbling is tiiat 7 

The next cock croweth. 
Take heed to false harlots, and more, ye wot what. 

If noise ye hear, 

Look all be clear. 

Lest drabs do noy thee. 

And thieres destroy thee. 

1 The first cock croweth. 
Maids ! three a clock — knead, lay your bucks, or 

Tbe next cock croweth. 
And cobble and botch, ye that cannot buy new. 
mi cock crow again, 
Both maidens and men. 
Amend with speed. 
That mending doth need. 

% The first cock croweth. 

Past five a clock, Holla ! maid, sleeping beware, 
Tbe next cock croweth. 

Lest quickly your nristrces uncover you bare. 
Maid*, up, I beseech ye. 
Lest mistress do breech ye. 
To work and away. 
As fiwt as ye may. , 


Ho sooner Bome up, 

2. Some alovena, from sleeping no sooner get up, 
But hand is in aumbry, and nose in the cup- 
That early is done. 
Count huswtfcly won. 

C, Let some to peel hemp, or else rushes to twin 

To spin, or to card, or to seething of brine. 

Grind null for drink. 

See meat do not stink. 

B. Some cometh, some biinelh, some will not be 
.Where meat is attainted, their cookery is naught. 

To brealcTast that come. 

No more tittle tattle. 
Go serve your cattle. 
3. What tack in a pudding, saith greedy gut wringer. 
Give such, ye wot what, ere a pudding he finger. 


LcaaH you that will tMe, 

llis lesaoo of me. 

I , No break&st of custom, proride for (o ana, 

But only (bt such as dcKTvetb to have. 

Of havock beware. 
Cat nothing will spare. [bulch ? 

. Where all tlung is common, what needeth 
Where wanteth a saver, there havock is much. 

I^ok well nnla thine ; 
Slut sluthfull must whine. 
. An eye in a comer, who useth to have, 
Reinleth a drab, and prerenteth a knave 

Let holly wand threat, 
Let Fizgig be beat. 
. A wand in thy b^d, though ye fight not at aU, 
Makes youth to thar buaineas, better to £dL 

Too easy the wicket. 
Will still qipease clicket. 
, With ber that wUl clicket, make danger to cope. 
Lest quickly her wicket seem easy to ope. 


f^ght seldom ye shall, 
ButusenottobrawL [atnde? 

11. Much brawling with servant, what man caa 
Pay home when thou Gghteat, hut love not lo 

18. Ab order is I 

a mischief as bad. 

What better a law. 
Than subjeMs io awe? 
13. Such awe as a warning will cause to bewa 
Doth make the whole boushold the better to 

Good music regard. 
Good servants reward. 
15. Such serranla are oftsitst punfiill and good. 
That sing in thdr labour, as birds in the wood. 




hope justly, K«n. 



ve bvour, what time they do welL 

By once or twice, 
"lis time to be wise. 

Some change Tot a shift : 
Oft change, small thrift. 
', Make few of thy ctHinsel, to change for (he best, 
Lett one that it tnidging, infectcth the rot. 


Bodi libcnll, sdcketfa, 
Some proTcntler pHcketh. 
. One dog for > hog> Bui one cat for 
Ono rcadf to give, is enough for a 


Bkiw lomewhat for Ihine, 

E1*e bring up no iwine. 

1. Wliere brewing is needfull, be brewer thyself, 

WtMt fiUelfa the roof, will help furnisb the shelf. 

Well brewed, worth coat, 
lU uKd, bslf lost. 
3. One bushel weU brewed, oulUsteth M 
And saveth bolb malt and eipences in 

Bemenber, good Gill, 
Take pain with thy swiU. 

5. Seeth grains in more water,while grains be yet hot. 
And stir tbem in capper, aa porridge in pot. 

6. Sudi. beating with straw, to baTeoff'all good store. 
Both pleaseth and easelb, what would ye h»e 

Niw bre«] is a driTeU, 

Good cookery craTeth ; 
Good tum-brocfae saveth. 
1. Good cook to dress dioner, lo bake aiu 
Deoenes a reward, being honest and ti 

Good dairy doth pleasure: 
III dairy spends treasure. 
1. Good huswife in daby, that needs not be tc 
D tsu ieth ber fee, to be paid her in gdd. 

Good droy worth mnc^ 
Mark sluts and such, 
S. Good droy to aerie hi^, to help wash, and to milk. 
More needfiill ii truly, than some in their silk. 

In dairy no cat. 
Lay bone for a rat. 
5. Though cat (a good mouser) doth dwell in a bouse, 
Yet eier in dairy, have liap (or a mouse. 

No scouring for pride : 
Spare kettle whole side. [mtlch, 

. Though scouring be needfuU, yet scouring too 
Is pride without profit, and robbeth thine hutch. 


Take heed when ye wash. 
Else run in the lash. pnw, 

. Maids, wash well, and wring well, but beat, ye wot 
T« 1 L !.<_,:.... 1 f~., :• I 

If any lack beating, 1 feai 

Dry sun, dry wind. 
Safe bind, safe find. 
3. Go wash well, suth Sununer, with sun I will dry ; 
Go wring well, aaitlt Winter, with wind so shall L 

Where many be packing, 
Are many things lacking. 

5. Where hens &11 a cackling, take heed to theirnest, 
Wben drabs &11 a whispenng, take beed to the rest. 

6. Through negligent huswifes, are many thing* 
And ^let suspected, will quickly be packing. 

Ill malting is theft ; 
Wood dried hatb a weft: 

1 . House nuiy be so handsome, and skJlfullneis such. 
To make thy own malt, it shall profit thee much. 

2. Some dried) with stnw, and some drietb with 

wood; [good. 

Wood asketh more charge, and yet nothing so 

Take he«d to the kell, 
Sing out as a belL 
3. Be Buer no chances, to fier can draw, 

The WDod, or the furzen, the brake, or the st 

Best dry'd, best ipeeds : 

11] kept, bowd breeds. 

S, Malt being well Bpeered, Uie more it will cas' 

Malt being well dried, the longer will last. 


Let meat tairy servant, ni 

llie Udcker together, the charges the thinner. 

Together is beat, 
For hofltia and guest* 
S. Due >eaw>D is best, altt^ether is gay. 

Dispatch hath no fellow, make tluat and away. 

Let such have enongb. 
That follow the plough- 
5. (Hts serrant no dainties, bnt pve him enou^ 
Too many chaps walking do btggar the plough. 

Give ncTer too niucb. 
To lujr, and such. 
T. Feed laiy, that threafaeth, ■ flap and a tap, 
Like slodifuU, tbat alw^ be Mopping a gap. 

Where nothing will laat. 

Spare gucb a> thou hast. 

. 9> Some cuttetli thy linen, some spoileth thy broth, 

Baie table to some, doth as well at a cloth. 

Knap hoy on the thumbs. 

13. Some gnaweth and leaieth, some ctubIs and 
Home crumbs. 
Eat luch their own leavings, or gnaw thdr own 

Serve God ever first ; 
Take nothing at wont. 
1 3. At dinner, at supper, at morning, at night. 
Give thanks unto Cod, for his gifts so in ught. 

Enough thou art told ; 
Too much will not bold. 
15. Threedisheswell dressed, and welcome withalL 
Both pleaseththyfriendiandbecometh thine balL 

The plough, with ill holding, goes quickly ai 


Maki company break ; 
Go cherish the weak. 
1. When dinner is ended, set servant to woitl. 
And follow such fellows, as lovetfa to lurk. 

Who many do feed. 
Save much they had need. 
3. Put chippings in dippings, use parings tc 
Fat capons or chickens, that lookest to hi 

Dear fed is unsweet, 
5. Sudi off com aa comelh, give wife to her fee, 
Feed willingly such as do help to feed thee. 

Piece hole to defend; 
'Hiings timely amend. 
'. Good sempsters be sewing of fine pretty knacks. 
Good hmwires be mending, and piecing their 

Buy new as is meet, 
Mark blanket and sheet. 
9. Thou^ Udiesmay rend, and buy new every day. 
Good huswives must mend, and buy new aa they 

Shift slovenly elf, 
Be jailor thyself. 
1. Though sluftiog too oil, be a thief in a house, 
Yet shift slut and sloven, for fear of a louse. 


Wife, make thine own 

Spare penny to tuuidle. 

15. Fioride for Ihj tallow, ere f^M 

And malie thiiM: own ondle, ei 

Tp» drawing to nigbti 
See all things go right, 
1. Whoi hens go to rooM, go in hand to dma mmt. 
Serve bogs, and to milking, and Mme lo aerve neat. 

Hake lacke; to trudge, 
Make acrrant th; drudge. 
% Fw CTcrjr trifle leave jaunting thy nag, 

But TStber make lackej of Jack-bojr, ihy wag. 

Falae knave ready preat, 

Take heed, it i> needliiU, 
IVue pity ii meedfulU 
7. No clotbea in garden, no trinketi without. 
No door leave, unbolted, for fear of a doubt. 


UsB nnrlfa and good word. 
At bed and at board. 
I. Pnivide for Ihy biuband, to make him good dm 
MAji mviy together, while time ye be here. 

No brawling make. 
No jealouay take. 
3. No taunta before lervanls, for hindering of fame. 
No janii^ too loud, for armding of shame. 

Tend luch aa ye have, 
Stop talkative knave. 
5. Toungchlldrin and chlckene would ever beeeting. 
Good aervanta look duly for gentle entreating. ~ 

No matching at all, 
Siri, hearken now all. 
, No lurclung, no matching, no Mriving at all ; 
Lest one go without, and another have alt. 


Tht aoul hath a clog i 
Forget not thy dog, 
■ Remember those children, whose parent! be pi 
Which hunger, yet dare not to crave at tbydc 

Make keys to be keepen. 
To bed, je ileepera. 
3. Wbcre mouthi be many, to spend that thou hast. 
Set keys to be keepers, for upending loo faat. 

Keep keys aa thy life ; 
Fear candle, good wife. 

5. Such keys lay up bb&, ere ye lake ye to reM, 
Of diury, of buttery, of cupboard and cbest* 

6. Fear candle in hayloft, in bam, and in shed. 
Fear ftea-smock and mendbreech, for buniing 

their bed. 

See door lockt bat, 
Two keys make wait. 

7. A door without lock, is a bait for a knave, 
A lock irithout key, i« a fool that will have. 

Night-woriis trouble head, 
Lock doors, and to bed. 
9. The day willeth done, whatsoever ye bid, 
Tba night is a thief, if ye take iioi good hee 

To bed after supper, both maidens and m 

Lore ao ai ye maj 
Ixwe many ■ day. 

13. Be lowly, not suUeo, if aught go amias, 
What wreating may lose Ihee, that win with ■ 

14. Both bear and forbear, now and then as ye may; 
Then wench, God a mercy ! thy husband will 


Tats would not be alipl. 
Old guise must be kept. 
1. Good huswives, whom God hath enriched enough. 
Forget not the feasts, that belong to the plough : 
The meaning is only to joy and be gUd, 
For comfort with Uiour, is fit to be had. 

S. Plough Monday, next afler that Twelithtide i> 

past, [last: 

Bids out with the plough, the worst husband is 

If ploughman get hatchet, or whip to the screen. 

Maids toseth tluir cock, if no water be seen. 

3. At SliroTatide to siuoving, go thresh the fat hen, 
If blindfold can kill her, then give it thy men. 
Maids, frittei^ and pancakes, enow see ye make. 
Let slut have one pancake, for company sake. 

4. Wife, make us a dinner, spare flish neither corn. 

Make wafers and cakes, for our sheep must be 

shorn, [craye. 

At sbeep-sfaesring, neighbours none other thing 

But good cheer utd welcome, like neighbours to 

5. Fill oven with Sawns, Jenny, pass not for sleep. 
To-morrow, thy father hi* wake-day will keep. 
Tlien every wanton may dance at her will. 
Both Tomidn with Tomlin, and Jenkin with GilU 

6. For all this good feasting, yet art thou not loose, 
mi [doughman thou giveat liis harvest-home 

lliough goose go in stubble, I pass not for that, 
IiCt gooae bare a gooae, be she lean, be she fat. 

7. '^ife, aome time this week, if the weadter bold 


Ad end of wheat sowing we make for this year: 

Remember thou therefore, Ihough 1 do it not, 

Tbe seed-cake, the pasties, and fiirmenly pot. 

8. Good plowmen look weekly, of custom and right, 
ForroaAmeat on Sunday*, and Thursdays at nipht. 
Thus doing and keeping such custom and guise, 
They call thee good huairife, — they love thee 


Good huswives provide, ere an* sickness do come, 
Of sundry good (lungs, in her house to hare some; 
Good B^ua compoBIa, and vinegar tart, 
Itose-water, and treacle, to comfort the heart. 
Cold iierbs in her garden, for agues that bum. 
That over strong heat, to good temper may turn. 
White endive and succory, with signage enou^. 
All such, with good pot herbs, shoiiM follow the 
Get water of fumitory, Lver (o cool, [plough. 

And others the like, or else go like a fool. 
Conservei of barberry, quinces, and audi. 
With sirups, that eateth the sickly so much. 

Ask Metiiciu counsel, ere med'cine ye nuke. 
And honour that man for necessity's sake- 
Though thousaads lute physic, because of the cost. 
Yet thousands it helpeth, that else should be lost. 
Good broth and good keeping do much, now and 
Gooddietwith wisdom, bestcomfortethman. [than. 
In health, to be stirring, aboil profit thee best ; 
In sickness hate trouble, seek quiet and rest. 
Remember thy soul, let no fancy prevail, 
Make ready to God-watd, let faith never quail, 
lie sooner thyself thou submittest to God, 
llie sooner he ceaaeth, to acourge with his rod. 



Ibough wrauling and rocking, be ninsame so near. 
Yet lost by ill niu^ng, is woraer to bear. 
But one thing I warn thee, let huswife be nune. 
Lest husband do find thee, too Ironk with his purse. 
What Hilback and Hlbelly maketh away. 
That help to make good, or el&e look for a fray. 
Give child that is iitly, give baby the big. 
Give hardness to youth, aod to rope-ripe a twig. 
We find it not spoken so often for nau^tt, 
lliat cltildren were better unborn than untaught. 
Some cockneys with cocking, ore nude very fools. 
Fit neither for 'prentice, for plough, nor tor schoolo. 
Teach child to ask blessing, serve God, and to diurcb. 
Then bless as a mother, else bless him with birch. 
Thou huswife thus doing, what further sliall need ? 
But all men to call thee good mother indeed. 

Reuehbsb the poor, that for God's sake do call. 
For God both rewordeth and btcsseth witlull. 
Take tlu* in good part, whatsoever thou be. 
And wish me no worse, than I wish unto thee. 


ComptriDf toother CDOd hutwLfc irilh bad. 
The knowledge ofelUier, the better Is bad. 

1. Ill huawifery lielh 


To make benelf brave : 
Gook hiuwjfery looketh 
Wtut hooabolil must bne. 


Good hmti'iferj luNeth 


4. Ill buawifWy caretb. 
For this nor for Out : 
Good btuwifeiy ipanth, 
For ftar, je wot what. 

5. 111 biuwifery prickelli, 
Hcnelf up in pride : 
Good hiuwiftrjr tricketh, 
H«r house as & brid«. 

6. lU buiwiferj iHie thing 
Or otfaer must cave ; 
Good huawifeiy nothiag, 
But Hedfull will have. 

7. ni buBwifeiy moveth. 
With go«dp to spend : 
Good huiwifeiy loreth 
Her hoiuludd to tend. 

8. Ill hunrifet; wanleth, 
With (pending too fut : 
Good bnnnferr cantelh 
The longer to last, 

9. HI buiwlfery eueth 
Henelf with unknown : 
Good hniwifeiy pleaietb 
Henelf widi ber own. 

10. Ill buswifeiy brooketh 
Had toy* in her head : 
Good huEwifeiy looketh, 
That all things be fed. 

11. Ill buswiferjr bringetb, 
A shilling to naught : 
Good huswifcry dngeth — 
Her coSers full fraughu 

19: III buawifery rendelh, 
~ And castcth aside ; 
Good buswifery roendeth. 
Else would it go wide. 

IS. Ill fannrifery iweepeth. 
Her Unen to gage i 
Good buswifery keepelh. 

14. lU huiwifeiy cniTeth, 

15. HI huswifcry pineth, 
(Not haring to eat) 
Good huBwifisy dineth, 
Wlh plenty of meat. 

16. Ill huswifcn lettstb 
The devil t^ all : 
Good huswifery settelh 
Good brag of a smalL 

Tkvt enietk the Book of Hiuaifery. 

1. All you that fain would learn the perfect way, 
To have your child, in music something seen ; 
Ask Nature first, what thereto she doth say, 
£re furUier suit ys make to such a queen : 
For doubtless (groirum caput) is not be. 
Of whom the learned Muses, seen will be, 

S. Once tried, that Nature, trim, bath done her part. 

And lady Music, bi iu love witholl. 

Be wise, who firM doth teach thj child that art. 

Lest homdy breaker mar fine ambling BaU. 

Not rode in mad brains liaod, is that can help. 

But gentle skill doth make the proper whelp. 

3. Where choice is hard, count good for well a fine. 

Skill, milt with will, is he that tewjieth best ; 
Let thii suffice for teaching child of thine, 

Chuse quickly well, for all the hngering rest. 
Miataught at first, bow seldom proreth wcD ? 
Trim taught (O Ood) how shortly d(^ eicell ? 

4. Although as ships, must tarry wind and tid^ 

AimI perfect hoUrs, abide their stinted time : . 
So likewise, though of learning daily tri'd, 

^lace, must be bad, ere wit may thereto climb ; 
Tet easy steps and perfect way to trust, 
Doth cause good speed, confess of force we must. 

5. Thus in the child, though wit enough we find. 

And teacher good, oearband, or other where j 
And time as apt, as may be thought with mind. 

Nor cause in such thing much to doubt or fear I 
Yet cockitig Mams, and shifting Dads from schools. 
Make pr^nant wits, to prove unlearned fbols. 


6. Ere learning come, to have, first 

Apt learning child, apt time thni imng lo irau 
Apt cunning man to teach, else atl it naught, . 

Apt parents, glad to bring to pass the same. 
On Buch ^t ground, the Muses hive to build, 
This lesson learn : — adieu else, learned child. 


14. Two first seven years, for a rod they do whine, 
2B. Two ncit OS a pearl in the world tbey do shine. 

15. Two next trim beauty beginneth to swerve, 
56. Two next for matrons or drudges they serve. 
TO, Two next doth crave a stslTfor a stsy. 

84. Two next a bier to fetch them away. 

Tben purchase tome pelf, 
Bj' Atiy and three : 

Or buckle Ihyself, 
A dniiige for lo be. 


At meals, m; fiiend, who vict'leth 1 

with his host. 
Shall both be nire of better cheer, . 

ere, and litteth 
nd 'ac^ie with 

But be that will atteudauce have, a chamber la bim- 

■df, [woridlr pelf. 

UuM more regard what patna do crave, (ban pass of 

Let no man look 

by the wa; . 
But la; before be Eakea 

purchase Ljtui, witb iHnching 


lo make hu puree 

For nothing pay and nolhing pnf, in inn it is the 

guise ; [if you be wiu. 

Where no point gain, there no point pain, think this 

For toiling much, and ipoiling much, great charge, 
small gaius or none, [the beggar's bone- 

Soon sets thine boet at Needham'i ebore, to crave 

FfKcaedng this, come day or night, take up what 

place ye please, [thine ease. 

Use mine as thiu^ let Fortune spile, and boldly take 


1. FaiiKD, eat less, and drink less, and buy thee a 
Else look for a carver, not always too rife. 
Some, kniveless, their daggers for bravery wear, 
Tliat often for surfeiting, need not lo fear. 

3. At dinner and supper, the table doth crave. 
Good fellowly neighbour, good mannen to have. 
Advise thee well therefore, ere tongue be too free. 
Or sl^ sauce be noted, too saucy to be. 

3. If any thing wantelh, or aeemelh amiat. 
To call for, or shew it, good nuumer it is ; 
But busy fault-finder, and saucy witball, 
Is rcrisler like ruffian, no manner at ail. 

4. Some cuttetb the napkin, some treocbers will nick ; 
Some (beweth like folly, in many a trick : 

Let such apeish body, so toying at meat. 
Go toy widi his noddy-like ape in the street 

5. Some cometb unsent for, not for thy good cheer, 
But sent as a spiall, to listen and hear ; 
Which being once known, foraknavelethimgo; 
For knave will be knavish, hi* nature is to. 

I. One diligent serviturc, skilfull to wait. 
More comelieth thy table, than other some e>| 
That stand for to listen, or gaiing about. 
Not minding their duty, within ot tritboul. 

2. Such waiter is faulty, that standetb so by, 
Unmindfull of service, fo^fctling his eye : 
If master to such give a bonv'for to gnaw. 
He doth but his ofSce to leaclkMch a daw, 

3. Such servilure, also, dcaerveCh a check. 

That runneth out fisking, witb meat in his bed : 
Such ravening puttocks for victuals so trim. 
Would have a good master, to puttock witk him. 

4. Who daily can suffer, or else can affoid, [bowd? 
His meat, so upsnatcbed, that comes from his 
So teaied with cormorants, here and there aome^ 
Aitd others to want it that orderly coma. 

5. Good serviture weigheth (onci 
What Ukeih sitentknce, and i 
So purchauug master a praise 
Gets praise to himself, both ol 

■ dinner b^un) 
rhit lo be done; 
with the best. 


I. FaiiHD, here I dweU, and bare I have a littie 

worldly pelf, [on myself. 

Which on my IHend I keep lo spend, as well as 

S. Whatever fkre you hap to find, take welcome for 

theben, [of the rest. 

That having then, disdain thou not, fiH' warning 

3. Backbiting talk, that flattering blain, know wily 

how to blenge, [en'my will revenge. 

The wise doth note, the fViend doth hale, the 

4. The vise will qwud, or ^ve ot lend, yet keep to 

have in store, [upon no more. 

If fooli may have &om hand to moutli, they pass 

5. Where ease is sought, at length we see, tlMt plen^ 

waieth scant, [oDen want. 

Wbo caieleaa live, go borrow must, or else flill 

6. The world doth think the wealthy man, ia be that 

least shall need, [speed- 

But true it is, the ^idly man, is he that best shall 


5. In time that man shall icldam friendship m 
That weighth what thing, touch kept in f 


S. Would'st hanafHtiid, would'it know what ftimd 
Haire God Ihy flinid, wbo paneth all the km. 

I. Thi «)oT«n and tba ggelaa nun, tb* roynUh 
DOIhiiig nice, [niinnd twice. 

To lodge in chamber, comely deckt, are leldom 

8. Widi rnrtain aome make acabbard clean, with 

coierlid tbar ihoe, [uae to do. 

AU dirt aod mire, votoe wallow bed, as Kpaniels 

foul, what 

3. Though btioti and ipun b< 

passeth Knoe th^coa, [tumbliiw tta< 
What place thej foul, what things they 

D iair board, be carpet IH 

4. Foul male i 

» clee . 
Wbat maanen cueleai master hath, by knave his 

5. Some make tbe chimney chamber-pot, to imell 

like filthy unk, [houieg stink 7 

Tet wbo to bold, w aoon to lay, faugh ! bow theae 

6. Tbey tf^nfore nicb, ai make no force, what 

comely thing tbey ipill, [againit their will. 
Hnst baTe a cabin like (hemseNeB, akbough 

7. But gentlemen will gently da, where gentlenea 

is sbew'd [beihrew'd. 

Obau'iing thia, with lore atnde, <»■ else hence all 


1. What wisdom more, what better lifb, than 

pleaseth God lo send, [God to lend. 

What worldly goods, what longer use, tbanpleaseth 

3. What betto- (are, than well content, agieeiag with 

thy wealth, [and in health ? 

What belter gueM than trusty friend, in aickneat 

a. WhU better bed than cimsdence good, topaiathe 

night with sleep, [to keep? 

What better wi»k, than duly care, from un thyself 

4. What better tbooght, than think ou God, and daily 

him to serre, [sterre ? 

What better gift than to tbe poor, that ready be to 

5. What greater praise of God and man. than moi? 

for to shew, [to few 7 

Whoraerdleas, shall mercy find, that mercy ahewi 

& What wone despair, than loth to die, for tear to 

ga.tDhell7 [Christ in heaTen to dwell? 

What greater faith than trust in Cod, through 


SoMi pleaaurea take, 

And cannot gi*^ 

But only make, 

Poor thanks their shift : 
Some meaning well. 

In debt do liie. 
And cannot tell. 

Where else lo shift. 

To lea; 


Some shew good face. 

And be but poor j 
Yet hate a grace 

Good Emie to raise. 

Some owe and give, 
. Yet still in debt. 

For alight I know; 
Some wish to pay. 

But night and day. 
Must still mors owe. 


1 . To pray to God continuaUy, 

8. To learn to know him rigbtfuHy, 

3. To honour God in Trinity, 

The Trinity in Unity, 
The Father in his majesty, 
The Son in his humaiuty. 
The Holy Ghost's benignity. 
Three persons, one in Deity- 

4. To serre him always, holily, 

5. To ask him all tiling needfully, 

6. To praise him in all company, 
T. To lore him alway, heartily, 

8. To diead him alway, chiiitiardy, 

9. To ask hitn mercy, penilcnllj, 
la To trust him alway, faithfully, 
1 1 . To obey him alway, willingly, 
1 3. To abide him alway, patiently, 

13. To thank him alway, thankfully, 

14. To live here alway, virtuously, 

15. To use thy neighbour, honestly, 

16. To look for death still, pieaendy. 

17. To 1 

le. To hope for Ileav'n 

19. Tobavefitith, hope, 

m. To count this life but vai 

Be points of Christianity. 


. This i* my itedbst creed, my faith, and\an my- 
trust, [mild, attdjuat; 

That in the heavens there is a God, moat.mighty, 
A God above all Gods, a King above si] Kings, 
The Lord of Lords, chief Governor^ of hearen 
and earthly things. 

a. Tliatpowei-lKtfhofliAwidd«»th,ofbwTen«nd| IS. Tbl«, JudMaidbetiiqr,l(.iUMdq«D)Kl>ig/pir^, 
Thkt bU thing! mwlt ' ' ' ' 

That madeChe huiging >ki«, u deckl with diveiB 

lighta, [mlfull tdgbXt. 

Of daricneu made the ebeafliU d£7>, ud all our 

3. That clad thia euth with barb, with trca, and 

niodiy (hiin, 
W!th beart, with bird, with wild and tanw, of 

strange and sundry auita ; \pn, 

Thatintenniit the same with niinet>like Teini of 
Of ailver, gold, of prepoua atons^ and treuum 

4. That j<Hned broc^ to d»laa, to hilla <V«h water 

ipiinga, [many tbingi : 

With riven sweet, along the nindi, to profit 
niat made the hoary &a«ti, the flaky anowi to 

trim, [pleaseth him. 

The honey dewa, the bliuterinig windi^ to serve a* 

5. That made the ■ut;^g seaa, in cBuna to ebb and 

flow, [to and fro ; 

That sUlfbll man, with sailing ship, might travel 
And stored so the same, for man's unthankfUlI 

sake, [profit take. 

"Diat every nation under heaven, might thereby 

6. rniat gave l« man a soul, with teaaon bow to live, 
^liat both to him and all tilings else, bis bieosings 

daily give : [race, 

Th«tisD0t sMO, jetsealhihownun doth run bis 
Whose daily woiks, both good and bad, stand 

known before his bee. 

7. That sendeth tbund'riog cIkm, like terrors out of 

hell, [heaTena doth dwelL 

That man may know a God there ii ,and in the 
That sendeth thitaleoing plaguee, to keep our 

His benefits, if we forget, or do contonn his law. 

g. That daily hateth sin, that loveth virtue well. 
And is the God of Abtaham, Isaac, and Israel ; 
That doth displeaiure take, when we his laws 

And yet amidst hit beavy wiatli, his mercy doth 

9. Thia ia the Lord of Hosts, the Father of us 
The maker of whate'er was made, the God 

whom I call ; 
Which for the love of man, sent down hii only s 
Begot of biro, before the worlds were any whit 

10. This ent«cd Maiy^ womb, as Etith afflimetb Bui«, 
Conceived by tbe Holy Ghost, bora of ' 

Virgin pure : 
Tbk was both God and man, of Jews tbe hoped 


And lived here, save only sin, 

1 . This it that Virgin's child, that same moat holy 

The Lamb of God, the Prapbet great, whom 

Scripture calleth Christ : 
Thia, that Mesnai was, of whom the prophet 

That riiould tread down the svpent'i 1 

Which unto Pilate, being Judge, did falaelj bim 

Who (through that wickad judge) and of tboo* 

Jews' despight. 
Condemned and loimaitad was, with bU tba ti>rc« 

they might. 

13; To living wight more evil, what could each 

wiutchet do ? [they did put tnta to ? 

More piercing wounds, more bitter pains, than 

Hiey crowned him with thorn, that was the 

iting of Kings, [worldly thingi, 

llat sought to lave the soui of man, above all 

14. Thii was that Bsactl I^mb, whoae love for us 

so stood, pds blood; 

That on the Mount (rf Calvary, for us did shed 
Where hanging on the eraas, no thame he did 

fonake, [of life did make. 

Till death given him, by [uercing spear, an end 

15. Tbia, Joseph seong dead, the body Ibence did 

crave, [in bis grave i 

And took it forthwith from the cross, and biid it 
g there hia 

Hu p 


r I mean, bis slained 

16. From death to Ijfla again, the third day be did riae. 
And seen on earth to fait elect, times oft in 

lundry wise j 
And tSiB into heaven, ascend he did in ligh^ 
And sittetb on the right band there, of God the 

htfaer of might. 

17. Whare for ui wretclies all, his Father he doth 

pray, [away ( 

To have respect unto bis death, and put our sins 
From thence with sounded trump, which nuse 

all fiesh shall dread, [quick and dead. 

Hfr shall return with glory again, to judge the 

IB. Then shall that voice be beard. Come, come, ye 

good, to me, [p>><i *hall ever b« < 

Hence, hence to bell, yOU mnkeis evil, where 

Thitiathst laving Chriat, whom I my Saviour call. 

And only put my tnut in him, and in noneelae 

at alt 

IS. In God the Holy Ghent, I firmly do believe, 
Wtuch from tbe Father and the San, a blessed 

lifb doth give ; [comfort send. 

Which by the prophets spake, which doth alt 
Which I do trust shall be my guide, when this 

my life shall end. 

Sa AHoly Catholic Chutch,onearth,I grant tbercii. 

And those who fbame their Uvea by that, shall 

never speed amiss : [pot, 

llie head thereof is Christ, his word the chiefest 

Fntanet of this temple great, u God, the Holy 


SI. I do not doubt, there is a multitude of Saints, 
More good ii done resembling them, than shew- 
ing them our plaints ; [did give. 
Their bith and works in Christ, that glory them 
Which glory we shall likewise W*b> if likewiae 
we do live. 



33. ^t GodofhencnilNnsijifaigiTaieMofouriini, 15. BntfbrtbeHoljr GboKiHWlforliugifliof grKe 

Through Chiutei death, through &ith 

through oo other gins ; 
If VI lEpentant here, his mercy dulj cnve, 
Through atedTut bape mnd faith in Christ, for- 

giTeaea we shsJl have. 

33, I hope and tnul upon the rianf of the flesh. 
This curpH of mine that fint must die, shall riae 

•gain sfresh : 
The sou I and bod J eren then, in one shall joiued be, 
A* Christ did rise from death to life, eren so 
through Christ shall we. 

»i. As Christ is gloriGe^, and nerer more shall die. 

As Christ ascended is to heaven, tbrough Christ 

eren so shall I. [his. 

As Christ I count my bead, and I a membCT of 

So Cod I trust fur Chiistes sake, shall settle me 

in bliss. 

Tans here wa learn of God, that there be perwms 
three, [Trinltj. 

The Father, Son, the Holy Ghost, one Cod in 

In siibafnf all like one — one God, one Lord, one 
"igbt. , [bj right 

Wluae p«aoiM yet we do diride, and so we may 

This is that God of Gods, whom every soul 
■bould lore, [wrath on them to move. 

Whom all men's heart* should quakewith fear, his 
That this same mighty God, above all other chief, 
ShaU save my soul ftom doIefuU hell, u all my 
whole belief. 


I. OGod! thou glorious God, what God i* like to 

tbee ? [the world may see ? 

What Kfe, wlut itrengtb, is like to thine, as all 

Tlia heaven, the earth, the seoa, and all thy wotke 

therein, [thou hast ever been. 

Do diew (to whom thou wouldst to know) what 

S. But all the Aougfats of man, are bent to wretched 

Man ever waa a hypocrite, and ever will be still. 

3. What duly waleb ii made, the Boul of man to flea. 
By Lucl&r, by Beliebub, Mammon, and Asmode? 
In deriliah pnde, in wratb, in coveting too much. 
In fleshly luM, the time is spent — the life of man 

4. Tlie joy that man hath here, is as a spark of fire, 
Hia acts be Uke the smouldering smoke, himself 

like dirt and mire : 
His strength even as a reed, his age much like the 

flower, [hoiir. 

Hii breath or life is but a puff; uncertain every 

O grant us, therefare. Lord, t'amend what ii 
And when fhnn hence we do depart, to re 
thee in bliss 1 

Let gift no glny look, nor evil possess thy mind, 
And for f truth, these profits three, through almes 
shall thou find. 

1. first, here the Holy GhoK shall doily through 

hii grace, [embrace. 

Provoke thee to repentant life, God's mercy to 

S. Of goods and friends (hy death) when thou thy 

leave must take, [it forsake. 

Thine almes deeds shall clasp thy soul, and never 

3. When God shall aA«r death, call soon for thine 

account, [all things else surmounL 

Thine almes then through fiulh in Christ, shall 

But yet for any deed, pat thou no trust therein. 

But put thy trust in God (through Christ) to 

pardon thee thy sin. [nest, 

Far else, as cackling hen with noise bewrays her 

Even BO go thou, and blaze thy deeds, and lose 

thou all the reo. 


■o stmdry things are meant, 
.ught, which ought him to 

nan we ought to love, because of much therdn, 
ivil in him, we ought to hate, because it is a sin. 
So doth thy daily sins the heavenly Lord oKnd, 
But when thou dost repent the same, his wratb ii at 

Since first the world began, there was and shall be 

Of human kind, two sundry sorts, th'one good, and 

th'olher ill ; [dwell. 

Which till the judgment day, sliall here togedier 
But then the good shall up to heaven, the bad shall 

down to heU. , - i 


1 isbUtiir, «it ul fimala : cttia leA 
tlo iwpltur, foTtii SI ut Ihl 

] . Cim munduD militst, sub Tana gloiia, 
Cujus proaperilsB, eM tnmaitoria? 
Tarn cit6 Isbitur ejua potendo, 
Qjiikm TBu Gguli. que lunt fimgilu. 

I. Why so triumph) the<iorld,inpampand glory Tun, 
Whose state soh^pT-thmtglit, so lickle dc t'l remun? 
Whose brsrery slippery stands, and doth so soon 

As doth the potter's pan, compact of brittle day. 

8. Plus cr«de Uteris, scriptis in glacie, 
Qutlm muudi fragilis vanie bllaciffi ; 
Fallal in pnemiis, virtutis specie, 

S. More credit fee tbou give, to letters wrote id ice. 
Than unto vain deceits, of brittle world's device ; 
In gifts to virtue due, beguiling many one. 
Yet those same never have, long time to hdpe upon. 

3. Magis credendum eat virii ralladbui, 
Quun mundi miseris prosperitatibuSj 
Falne iiuaniis et voluptatibus, 
Falsis quoque studiis et vanitatibut. 

4. Die ubi Salamon, olim tam nobilii 7 
Vel ubi fiamsou est, dui invindbilis ? 
Vel dulcis Jonathas, mulium unabilis 7 
Vel pulcher Abiolon, vultu mirabilU ? 

1. Tell where ja Salamon, that once so noble i 

Or worthy Jonathaa, that prince so lovely bold? 
Or fair Absolon, so goodly to bdwld? 


i. O dwu flt bait Ibr womu ! O diou great heap of 

Dogood to every man, while here thou haitto^**. 

7. Quim breve fe«tum est, hnc mundi gloria? 
Ut umbra hominis, bIc ^us gaudia ; 
Qua! semper subtrahit rtenia premia, 
Et ducunt hominem ad dun devia. 

7. How short a feast (to count) U this same worid'i 

renown ? [town ; 

Such as men's shadows be, such joys it brings to 

Which always pi uckcth ua,froinCad'setemBlbliia, 

And leadeth man to hell, a just reward of his. 

S. Shew whither is Casar gone, that conquer'd &r 

Or that rich bmotu carl, su given to belly cheer? 
Shew where is TuUy now, for eloquence so fit ? 
Or Arinoteles, of such a pregnant wit? 

6. O esca vennium ! O maua pulveris ! 
Oros! Otanitasi cur sic eitolleiii ? 
IgDons pcDil&i, uuilm eras vixens, 
Fac bonum omnibus, quimdlu potetis. 

8. Htec mundi gloria, que magni penditui 
Sacrisin lileris, das fceni didtur ; 
Vel leve folium, quod vento rapitur. 
Sic vita hominum, hlc rild toljitur. 

8. TTie bravery of this worid, ea 

In Scripture likeoed is, to flower of grass and luidL 
Like as the leaf so light, which wind allroad doth 

So doth this worldly life, the life of man bestow. 


. FWM diBtfi cwTt <o wnftT fcv, 'J C Wb«nH*dr«cu. 

llTW°A(*lfrltfld> sn fAirl*.! bKH, 

I. Now, gentle friend, if thou be kind. 
Disdain thou not, although the lot. 
Will now with me no better be. 

Than doth appear : 
Nor let it grieve, tliat thus I live, 
But rather guess, for quietness. 
As others do, so do I too, 

a. By leave and love of God above, 
I mind lo shew, in verses ftw. 


Bow through tha bricn, mj fouthful jtiaa 

Hare run tberncc; 
And ftirtbcr Mf , whj thus I sMj 
And mind to liie, u bee in hive. 
Full bent to q>eitd m? life fan end. 

Id this iBine plwe. 

3. It ouiM to p«M, tb«l bom I wu. 
Of lineage good, of penile blood, 
In EsKi layer, in nlUge filr. 

That KivcDball lughi : 
Which Tillage if'd, by Banktree side i 
There ipend did I mine infancy, 
7%ere then my name, in honest fame. 

Remain^ in light. 

4. I yet but young, no speech of t»ngue, 
N« tean withal), that often tall. 
From motber'a ryes, when child outcries, 

To pajt her frv, 
Cwild |»ty make, good &ther take. 
But out I muM, to song be thnut, 
6ay what I would, do what I could, 

Hi* nund was so. 

5. O paioAiU &ne, for erery crime] 
What touxed ears, like baited bears I 
What bobbed lips, what jerks, what nipst 

What hellish toys 1 
What robes bow bare, what college fare ! 
What btead how stale, what penny ale ! 
Then WaUingford, bow wert thou Bbh(»'d, 

Of seely boys ! 

6. Then for my Ttace, I must fno choice) 
Away of force, like posting hone. 
For sundry men had placards then. 

Such clutd to take: 
The better breast, the lesser rest. 
To serre tfae choir, now there, now here ; 
For time so spent, 1 may repent, 

7. But mark the chance, myself to 'Tance, 
By fiiendship's lot to Paul's I got ; 
So OxukI I grace, a certain qiace 

With Bedford there, the like no where. 
For cunning such, and virtue much. 
By whom some part, of musick art. 
So did I gain. 

8. From Paul's I went, to Eton sent, 

To learn itraightways, the Latin phtase, 
WbBc fiAy-three stripes, given to me. 

At once I had, 
For fault but small, or none at all. 
It came to pass, thus beat I was : 
Sec Uniu, see, the mercy of thee. 

To me, poor lad. 

9. To LondoD beDC«j to Cambridge thence, 
Widi thanks to thee, O Trinity, 

Hist (o thy Hal], so passing all, 

I got at last. 
There joy I felt, there trim I dwelt, 
Tbnc heaven from hell, X shifted well. 
With learn ad men, a number then. 

The time I past. 

10. Long dcknass had, then was I glad, 
To leave my book, to prove and look. 
In court what gain, by taking pain. 

Might well be found i 
Lord I'aget than, that nobleman. 
Whose soul, I trust, is with the juit, 
lliat same was be, enriched me. 

With many a pound. 

11. While this betide, good paicnia dy'd. 
One after one, till both were gone. 
Whose pedigree, who list may see, 

In herald's book : 
Whose souls in bliss, be long 
For hope we must, a< God is just. 

That mercy look. 

e, shsUmen 

13. By court I spy'd, and ten yean try'd, 
That cards and dice, with Venua vice, 
And peevish pride, from virtue wide, 

With some so wraught. 
That Tyburn play, made them Bwaf, 
Or beggar'* state, as ill to bate, 
By such like eTih^ I saw such driveli, 

To come to naught. 

1 3. Yet it is not, to be forgot. 

In court that some, to wor^p come. 
And some in time, lo honour climb. 

And speed full well : 
Some have such gift, that trim they shift. 
Some profit make, by pains they lake. 
In peril! much, though ofl are such. 

In court that dwell. 

14. When court 'gan frown, and strife in town. 
And lord* and knights saw heavy siglits. 
Then took I wife, and led my life. 

In Sulfolk soil : 
There wis I fain, myself to train. 
To Inm too long, the farmer's song. 
For hope of pelf, like worldly elf. 

To moil and toil. 

15. As in this book, who list to look, 
Of husbandry and huswifery. 

There may he find, more of my mind, 

Concenung this : 
To cark and care, ind ever bare, 
Widi loss and pain, to little gain. 
With Bhifts to save, to cram Sir Knave, 

What life it is. 

16. When wire could not, through sickness got, 
More toil ainde, so nigh sea-side, 

Then thought I beat, from (oQ to rest. 

And Ipswich try ; 
A town of price, like Paradise, 
For quiet then, and honest men, 
lliere wia I glad, much friendship bad, 

A time to lie. 


Ilierc left good wif^ this present lifb, 
And there left -I, bouse charges lie. 
For glad was he, nught send for me, 

Good luck so stood : 
In Suffolk there, where everywhere. 
Even of the best, beside* tbe rest. 
That never did their friendship hide, 

To do me good. 

O 3 

1 8. O Saffblk, thou, conUUt thM Mw, 

Thou hidst the praise, In thnw mme dB^i, 
For squires and knlghte, that well delights. 

Good house to Iteep : 
Far Noriblk wiles, so full of goilM, 
Have cBugiit my toe, by wiving so, 
Tlul out to thee, I see for me. 

No wBj to creep. 

19. For to ! for guile, what haps the while. 
Through Venus toys, in hope of joys, 

I chanced soon to find a Moon, 

Of cheerful hue ; 
Which well and fine, me (2iought did shiae, 
And never change — (a thing most strange) 
Yet kept in sight, her course aright, 

And compass true. 

SO. Behold of truth, with wife in youth. 
For joy at Utge, what daily charge. 
Through children's bop, what op«ied gff, 

To more begun : 
The diild at nurse, to rob the purae. 
The same to wed. In Imuble liead ; 
For pleaiure rare, such endless caret 
Hath husband won. 

ai. Then did I dwell, in INmn cell, 
A place for wood, that trimly Mood, 
With flesh and Hsh as' heart could wish ; 

Bui when I spy'd, 
llial lord with lord, eould not accord. 
But now pound he, and now pound wo t 
Then left I all, because such brawl, 



£S. O Southwell ! what, mesDst thou by that. 
Thou worthy wight, thou hmous knight. 
So tae 10 crave, and to thy giave. 

Go, by and by. 
O Death ! thou foe, why djdat thou so, 
Ungently treat that jewel great. 
Which op'd hia door, to rich and poor. 
So bounteously. 

S3. Iliere thus bestad, when leave I had, 
By death of him, to unk or swim. 
And ravens I un, together dravr. 

Then ways I sought, by wisdom taught. 
To bear low sail, lest stock should quail, 
Tdl ship might find, with prosperous wind, 
Some safer port. 

24. At length by view, to shore I drew, 

IMscharg^ng straight, both ship and freight. 
At Norwich fine, for me and mine. 

Where strangers well may seem to dwril, 
That pitch and pay, or keep thdi day ; 
But who that want, shall find it scant. 
So good for him. 

Sj. But Sallabury, bow wire kept my tow. 
If praise from thee were kept by me ? 
Thou gentle dean, my only mean, 

There then to live: 
Though churls such some, to crave can come. 
And pray once got, regard thae not. 
Yet, lira or die, bo will not I, 

Example give. 

S8> Wken learned men could there nor Ifaav 
Devise to 'swage, Lbe stormy rage. 
Nor yet the fiury at my diniuy. 

That long I had; 
From Norwich air, tn great-despair 
Away to fly, or else to die, 
To seek more health, to seek more wealtl^ 

Theawaal glad. 

< ST. From thence so sent, away I went, 
With sickness worn, as one foriomi 
To house my head at Fainted, 

Where whiles I dwelt : 
The tithing lifb, the tithing strife, 
llirougb tithing ill of Jack and OiD, 
The daily pays, the miry ways. 

Too long 1 fblb 

38. When ehaigea grew, still new «nd new. 
And that 1 spy'd, if parson dy'd, 
(All hope in vain) lo liope (or gain, 

1 might go dance ; 
Once nd my hand, of paraonage land. 
Thence, by and by, away went I, 
To l-ondon straight, to hope and wait. 

For better cbance- 

29. Well, London 1 welt, thou bear'st the bell. 
Of praise ahout, England throughout. 
And doet indeed, to such aa need. 

Much kindness shew. 
Who that with thee, can hardly agree. 
Nor can well praise, thy iiiendly ways. 
Shall fHendship find, to please his mind. 

30. As for such mates aa virtue hates. 
Or be or they, that go so gay. 

That needs he must, take all of truat. 

For him and his i 
Though such by wo, through Lothbury go, 
For being spy'd about Cheapside, 
Lest mereen' books, for money looks. 

Small matter it is. 

3 1 . When gains were gon^ and yeara E>vw on. 
And death did cry, fiwn London fly. 

In Cambridge then, I found again, 

A resting plot ; 
In college best, of all the real. 
With thanks to tbe^ O Trinity ! 
Through thee and thine, for me and mine. 

Some stay 1 got. 

3S. Knee bap haps so, let toiling go. 

Let serving pains, yield forth her gains. 
Let courtly gifts, with wedding shiita. 

Help now to live: 
Jiet music win, let stock come in; 
Let wisdom carve, let reason serve. 
For here I crave, such end to have, 
As God shall give. 

33. Thus friends by ma, pcrcedve may ye. 
That gentry studs, not all by lands. 
Nor all BO feft, or plenty left. 
By parent's gift ; 

Hie younger son 
And glad to aedt, liVDl «C«k M CTMfc, 
To come by thrift. 


M. And men br thb, to conMv li 
Id worid 19 act, enough to get ; 
But where and when, that acarcelj can 

Bj dup and plough, lome get enough ; 
And aoine w wive, thai tiim Ihej thiife, 
And ipecd full well. 

;. To tlu« befbn, add one thing more, [wrought. 
Youth bardnea* taught, with knowledge 
Most apt do pro«e, to shift and ihoT^ 

Among the hest. 
Where cocking dads, make nuc; ladi. 
In youth so lage, to b^ in age, 
Or elac to fetch, a T>buin Kretch, 

36. Not rampish toy of girl and boy. 
Vat gannent trim of her or him. 
In cUMhOod spent, to fond iDten^ 

Good end doth ftvtw. 
If mark we tball, the «um of ^, 
The end it b that noted ia. 
Widely if it Idde, with nrtue try'd, 

¥1. VHien lU is doD*, le«ii this mj sob, 
Not friend nor akill, nor wit at will, 
Hot ship DOT clod, but onlj God, 

Man taleUi pain, Ood gireth gain, 
Man doth bii best, God doth the rest, 
Man well intends, God foixon send^ 
Else want he ahall. 

SS. Some seek for wealth, I seek my health. 
Some iOek ta please, I seek mine ease, 
Some seek to save, I seek to have, 

To lire uptight. 
More than lo ride with pon^ and piida. 
Or for to jet, in others debt ; 
Such ii mjr skill, and ahall be atill. 

For any wight. 

S9. Too fond were I, hen thus to lie, 

Unleaa that wealth might fiudiei health, 
And profit some should thereby com^ 

This cauaeth me, well pleas'd to b^ 
Such drift to make, such life to take. 
£nf<Mtdng mind, remorse to find, 

As need, need shalL 

40. Pnend, all things wagh'd, that ben la said. 
And being got, that pays the shot, 
Methiaki of right, have lene 1 migh^ 

(Death drawing near) 
To seek some ways, my God to pniB% 
And mercy c^ave, in time to have,' 
And for the rest, whu he thinlu hast. 
To suffer here. 



Dud Ocnin» Ttb, 157T. 

Tou poet waa of an honounblr tmulj in Enei, 
being SOD of Sr John Gtacoigae, who diiinhcrited 
bini for bjs jouthfuL prodigaJity. Gascoigne lived 
to Bmend the erron of hia youth, and became ■ 
wise and good man ; bul the father died with the 
ein upon him of ao uuforgiving temper. The 
youDg man, who liad been educated at Cambridge, 
and entered at Cray's Inn, was cast upon the world. 
He had lold such of his patrimony as could not be 
alienated from bim; and finding hu hopes of prefer- 
ment at home fail him, ecnbarked as an adventurer 
for Holland, in wiuch country, it appears, he hod 
pretiously travelled. We may believe him that he 
bad shaken off his evil habits, but lie bad not shaken 
off his evil companions ; for, on this occasim, he had 
for his fellow-ad venturer that Rowland Yorke, who 
before that time was notorious as a profligate, and 
afterwards infamous as a traitor. 

The most valuable of his poems, if not the best, 
relate to his adventures on ibe voyage, and in the 
Dutch war, where he behaved well, and obtained 
the good opinion of the Prince of Orange, whose 
sterling worth he seems Co have justly appreciated. 
After two years' hard service, he waa compelled to 
■urrender, with a body of five hundred English, in 
attempting to escape fhim tlic unfinished and inde- 
fensible fort at Valkenburg. It waa during the 
niemorable and dreadful ^ege of Leyden ; they made 
Ibeir way to the walls of that city; but from suspi- 
cion, jealousy, and misunderstanding, combined 
with UM dread of famine, the citifcns refused to 
jipen the gatesj the English were then fortunate in 
.obtaining honourable terms of surrender ; still more 
•o in having them observed. For the Spaniards, 
in that age, were as ragardless of honour as of faith, 
'When heretics were to be dealt with; but it was 
their policy then to conciliate England, not to pro- 
■vokeit; and though Don LuysOayet»n,towbom they 
Jta4 surreodered, was for putting them to death, in 

conformity with the advice of tb 
lors at the Hague, Don Bernardino de Mendoaa, who . 
was then at Brussels, on bis way to London as 
ambassador, desired that their lives might be spared, 
and that they might be sent home. During thor 
imprisoiunent^ they received every poeabie kindneaa 
trma the'Barou de Liques, and from Verdugo. 

This put an end to his military career. He i«- 
Gumed the study of the law, but with neither liking 
nor aptitude for the profession ; and soon seems to 
have depended for his fUture proapecta upon the fair 
character which he had now established, and up<Hi 
those who were alike able to appreciate and to serve 
him 1 for be had ftiends among the best and noblest 
of the age. By some of these, ( Raleigh perhaps, or 
Arthur Lord Grey, the friend and patron of Spenser,) 
be was in&oduced to the queen, whom he accom- 
panied to Kenilwortb in one of her progresses, and 
recited before her some of the verses which he com- 
posed on that occasion. His immediate means 
appear to have been such as might content one who 
hod become a wise and thoughtful man. He 
married, settled at Wolihamslow, amused himself 
with gwdening, and employed himself in compo- 
sition i but falling into a lingering and wasting 
disease, he was taken to Stamford by bis friend 
George Whetstone, and there, bdng worn almost to 
a skeleton, but in a religious, calm, and happy 
frame of mind, he eipinsl without a struggle, re- 
commending his wife and only child to the queen's 
bounty. His age is not known, but it cannot bare 
been under forty, for he frequently speaks of himself 
as in middle age ; and says, in one place, that the 
crow's foot had grown under his eyes. 

Gascoigne vrrote the first prose comedy in ovi 
language, and bis Jocaita (partly paraphrased, paiij 
abridged, from the nxtnissn of Euriindes), is the 
second of Ol ■■ ■ ....... 




Ai BcamtjM bum b I d^ d rtanda^ 

tFboi blH nupcct accuaed inec, 

G«oi^ (quod Uk Judge) halde Tp thj haada, 

Thau ut amlgude of Flattaije i 

Tall tbeiefbre bowe thou wylt bee trfde i 

WboK iudgemeot ben wjlt tbou abjde 7 

Hf Lorde (quod I ) thia I«dy bcre, 
Wbome I esteeme iboue the rem, 
Do»h kuowe my guiltc if any frere ; 
Wherefbre hir doome ihall please me bert ; 
Let hir bee Jud^ and Jurour boattae. 
To trye mee guiltlesee bjr 11171W oatlie. 

Quod Beautie, do, it flttetli not, 
A Prince hir aelje to iudge tbe cwiae ; 
Wjll is our Juidce irell ;ou wot, 
AppoinUd to diacime our Lawei : 
If you wyll guiltlene aeeme to goe, 
God and joaz cousliey quitte ;ou lO. 

Then crafte tbe ciyer cal'd a quest, 

Whkb came falae witneue for to beare. 
The Jurye nube, the Judge Tuiuct, 
Scnlcoc* was Hijrde I *bauld be trust, 

Jelou* tHe Jayler Iwund mee fart, 
To hears tbe verdite of the byll, 
George (quod tlie Judge) nowe thou art caat, 
Tboo muM goe hence to beauie bill, 
And tltere be hangde all bye the head, 
God reit thy soule when tbou art dead. 

Downe fdl I tlien rpon my itnee, 
AU flatte befor* Dame Beauliea Uix, 
And etyed, good Ladye pardon one, 
WUch Iwre appeale tiiIo your grace, 
Tou knowe if I haue been* Tiitnie, 
It wai in too much praynng you. 

And tltough thia Judge doe make auche baate. 
To abead with dianw my guiltleiae blood : 
Yet let yoor pittie first bee plaste. 
To noe tbe man that meant you good, 
Bo shall you abewe your selfe a Queene, 
And I maye bee your scruaunt secna. 

(Quod Beautie) well : bieause I gnesse. 
What tbou dost ntcane bencefboith to be^ 
Although thy fiiultea dcaenie no lesae, 
Than lustice here hath iudged tfaee, 
Wylt tbou be bounde to styiit all strife. 
And be true prisoDer all thy lyfe ? 

Yea Madame :quad I) that I aball, 
Loe i^th and tnieth my tuertiea ' : 
ifhy then (quod shee) codk when I call, 
I aake iK» beua- wairandae. 
thia am 1 Beautiea bounden thrall, 
At Ur coramaimde when shec doth call. 


SiKQ lullaby, as women do^ 
Wherewith thej bring their babe* la real, 

And lullaby cau I<aing to, 
As womaoly as can the best. 
With lulbby they still the childe. 
And if I be not much beguild. 
Full many wanton babes haue I, 
Which must be stihl with lullsibie. 

First lullaby my youthfiill yeares. 

It is nowe time to go to bed. 

For croocked age and hotuy heares, 

Haue wone the hauen with in my head: 

With Lullaby then youth be still, 

With Lullaby coment thy will. 

Since courage quayles, and commcs behind, 

Go sleepe, and so beguile thy minde. 

Neit Lullaby my guing eyes. 
Which wonted were to glaunee apace. 
For euery Classe maje nowe suSse, 
To abewe the furrowea in my face ! 
With Lull^ye then winke awhile, 
Witii Lullabye your lookes beguile: 
Lette no byre face, nor beautie bright^ 
Entice you efte with layne detigbte. 

And Lullaby my wanton will, 
Lette reasons rule, nowe rcigne tby Ihou^t, 
Since all to late I flnde by ikyll, 
Howe desre 1 haue Ihy fansies bought : 
With Lullaby nowe tak tbyne eaae. 
With Lullaby thy doubles appease : 
For trust to this, if thou be ttyll, 
My body shall obey thy wilt. 

My will, my ware, and 1 
I can no mo delayes deuise. 
But welcome payne, let pleasure paiaa : 
With Lullaby now take your leaue. 
With Lullaby your dreama deceiue. 
And when you rise with waking eye. 
Remember then thia Lullabye. 
Eurr or Neuer. 


You that haue spent the silent night. 

In sleepe and quiet rest. 

And ioye to see the cheerefull lyght 

That ryaeth in the East : 

Now deare your Toyce, now chare your har^ 

Come belpe me nowe to sing : 

Eche willing wight come beare a part. 

To prayae tbe heauenly King. 

And you wbome care in priaon kcepes, 
Or sickenes doth auppreaae, 
Or secret atnowe breaikes your ileepes, 
Or dolotm doe dlatresse : 
Yet beorc a parte in dolfuU wis^ 
Yea thinke it good accord^ O Q I C 
And aecaptabb aacriflce, O 

Eche sprite to prayae the lordta 


Tht dmdfull night irith dukstomiiea^ 
Had ouer spread the light, 
An^ lluggiih alecpc wSh drowlrnow, 
H*d ouer pmt our migbt : 
A gl>u« wheiin you ma; beholde, 
Eche ■tonne that ttopea our breath. 
Our bed the graue, our clothn lyke molde, 
And deepe l&e dnadfull death. 

Yet u thia deadly night did UMe, 
But for a little space, 
And beauenlj dsje lunre night a put) 
Doth ihewe hii pleasaunl bee : 
So muit *e bope to aee Godi tmce, 
At laat in faeauen on hie. 
When we hau* dDmg'd lliie moriall plaes, 
For Inunoctalitie. 

And of tucb bai^ie* and beauenly ioTei, 

Ae tben we bope to bold^ 

All earthly ughtea and wonUf toyes. 

Are toLena to beholde. 

The dajre is like Dm daje of dooBi^ 

The miime, the Sonne of nun. 

The ikfca the heauena, the earth the tinube 

Wherein we reat till thMi. 

The Rainbowe beniUng In the ikye, 
Bedeckte with auodiTe bewea, 
la like the aeaxe of Cod on hye. 
And aeemei to teQ theu neffea : 
Tbat as thereby he promised. 
To drowne the world no nkore. 
So by the bioud wbicb Chiiat IMh ihead, 
He will our helth restore. 

The mlatie cloudea tbat fUl lomtiaie, 
And ouereast the skyes, 
Are like to troubles of our time. 
Which do but dynone our ejrea : 
But as luche dewea are dryed Tp qnit^ 
When Pbabm riiewet hii bee. 
So ate luch faniiee put to Bigbte, 
Where God doth guide by graco. 

The caryon Crowe, that lothaome bew^ 

Which cryes agaynit the rayne. 

Both for hir hewe and tor the rest. 

The DeuiJl resemblelh playne ; 

And as with goBDea we kiH the crave. 

For spoyling our releefe, 

The Deuill so must we ouerthrawe, 

With gonihote of beleefe. 

The little byrde which ung so swete. 
Are like the angellea rayce. 
Which render God hi* iiiai »«e maete. 
And teacbcTi toi 
1 a* thev more 
Than dread the nights anoy. 
So much we decma our days on eanh. 
But hdl to beausnly ioya. 

Unto which Joyes for to sttayne 
God graunt vs alt his grace, 
And sende ti oAer worldly payne. 
In beauen to haue a place. 
Where wee maye still enioye that light. 
Which neuo' shall decaye : 
Lorde for thy mocy lend rs might. 
To aee that ioyfuU daye. 

Antut iatu tapio- 


Warn iLou bast s|Nnt Ihe Uogring Aaf in plemire 

and delimit, [at nights : 

Or after toyle and wesije w^^ dort seuc to mt 
Unto thy paynes or pleasuics past, adde this one 

labour yet, [Ood fbrget. 

Ere sleeps close vp thyiM eye to &st, do not thy 
But searehe within thy sea3«t thoughti^ what deeds 

did thee befsl : [calL . 

And if thou And amiise in ought, to God for merry 
Yea though thou find nothi^ siriiimi-, which thou 

canst cal to mind, [behind : 

Yet euer more remember this, there is the more 
And thinke how well so euer it be, tiiat thou hast 

spent the daye, [waye. 

It came of Ood, and not of tbee, so to direct thy 
Thus if thou trie thy dayly deedes, and pleasure in 

this payne. 

Thy life shsll dense thy come finm weeik, and 

- thine shal be the gainc : [to wioke. 

But if thy nnlidl slu^ishe eye, will lenlsr for 

Before thy wsding will may trye, how tu thy soule 

maye sinke, [smoth is made. 

Beware and wake, for else thy bed, which soft and 
May he^M more harm vpo thy bead, than blowes of 

enmies blade. [thou doest lye. 

Thus If this paine procure thine ease, in bed aa 
Ferhsps it shall not God displease, to sing thus 

soberly i 
I see that sleqie is lent me hoc, to t»te my wesrye 

bones, [greeuous grone*. 

As death at laste (btf eke appeere, to ease iny 
My dayly apottes, my panch ftill fed, haue causde 

my drousieeye, [soule to dye: 

As carelesse life in quiet led, might cause my 
The strvlching armes, the yaunlng breath, which I 

to bedward Tse, [me refuse. 

Are pattemea of the pangs of death, when life will 
And of my bed ecbs sundiye pad in shaddowes 

doA resemble [fleeh to tr3>le. 

The siidiT ahqies of detb, wbose dart ahal make my 
My bed it aeUe k like the graiM^ my sbeelea the 

winding sbeeta, [nw most meete: 

My clothes the mould which I must haue, to couer 
T^ hungry fleas which Aiske so freshe, to woimes 

I can Gopar^ [the bones ful bare : 

Whidi greedily shall gnaw my fleshe, and Icaue 
The waking Cock that esly crowes to we«e the 

n^(ht awaye, [the Utter day. 

Futa in my minde the trumpe that blowea before 
Andaa I riae Tp lusdly, when sluggish sleeps is past, 
So bope I to rise ioyfully, to Judgement at the last 
Thus wyll I wake, thua wyll I 2eq«, Hms wyl I 

hope to lyse, [godly wy»e. 

Thus wyll I nntbW waile nor weepe, hut sing in 
My bones shall in ttus bad wnaiM, my soule in 

Ood shall tnisl, [earthly dust 

By whome I hope to ryae agalns from death and 
Haud ictw aaf». 

Tiu iMTaonnciKm >o 
t with misty dnwdes, 


Hi> be«l dbwtka, and ytl6i ibe niAe hii rcMb, 
1111 in ba orMh, Dan loua haue wuM the gnil^i 
And ir*£ht me wretcb which in his Iraiuile toile. 
But boUa [here] doth nidene»e me ^pctidi. 
Since laue lb Lord uid king of luigfatj power, 
Wtucb can commaund the Sunoe to ihew* hia &ce, 
And [ wbm him ija) to giue the nine hii place. 
Wliy doe not I in; wer; muiei fnme, 
( AllbcKiigb I bee well souwd in tlii« ibowra, ) 
To mite ■OBW rcne is bonour of hit mum ? 


fmtat depth of dotde wherein mj aoule doth dwell, 
From beaii; besrt whicb berboun in my bcest. 
From troubled qirite which lildome taketh rest. 
From hcqw of heaueis fVom dreade ef dariceiome 

O gi«ooua God, to tbee I cije and yelL 
M7 God, my Loide, mj lonely Lorde alcana, 
To tbee I call, to thee I make my moane. 
And tliou (good God) voucbsafe in gree to tak^ 
Thb woefull plaint, 
Wbosin I fkint, 
Oil Iwe me then fur tby great merde* Mke. 

Ob bende thine earn attentiuely to heare, 
Ofa tome tfaine ejta, heboid me how I waylt^ 
Oh huiken Ixml, giue eare for mine auaila, 
O maike in minde the burdens that I bears : 
See bowe I anke in Borrowes euerye whoe. 
Bebolde and aee what doUora I enduie, 
Giue ewe and marke what plaiuta I put in vra. 
Bende wylling eare : and pilde therewitballf 
My wayling Toyce, 
Wliicii haib no cboyce. 
But euennere vpon thy name to call. 

If thou good Lorde (faouldeat take tby rod in hands, 
If tbou n^aid what Hunea are daylye done, 
If Ihoa lake holds where wee oui workes begme. 
If tbon decree in Judgement for to itande. 
And be eztraame to eee our icaaei duuidev 
If thou take note oTsuery thing amysi^ 
And wiyte in rowles bowe fniyle our nature ii, 
O gtoryona God, O king, O Prince (tf power. 
What mortall wigbt, 
Khye then haue light, 
To Acle thy frown^ if tbou haue lyit to lowre? 

But thou art good, and 
Tbou net delyght to see 
Tfaou hearknett first, bef( 
Tfaine ea» aie ut wyde 
Beftin we knocke thou a 

Then be ii quicke to cUm 
Thy mighty name bee pn 
Let Eiydi and fears, 

Howe &>t they stand wl 

bait of mercye ttoia. 

sent to the doors. 
a nnner ciye, 
o thee on hye. 
d then alwsye. 

rbicb on thy mercy staye. 

I looks fbr tbee (my louelye Lord) theiefan 
Tgr thee J w^le, fiw tbee I tartye s^U, 
Hyne eyes doe long to gsie on tbee my l^ll. 
For Aee I watehft IW thee I prye and pore. 
My SmdebrtbesattcBdatilo - - 

My Souls doth tbyrsl to takt of thN a twts. 

My Boule deritn with tbee fW to bee plaate. 

And to thy worde (whicb can no man deceyus) 

Myne onely trust. 

My loue and lual. 

Id c(mflde(ic« continnallye shall clsaus. 

Before the breake or dawning of the dayc^ 
Before the lyght be aeene in loAye Skyes, 
Before the Sunoe appeare in pleasaunt wjiie, ' 
Before the wstche (before the watche I saye) 
Before the warde that waytes therefore alwaye : 
My wule, my aense, my aecreete thought, my ^irite. 
My wyll. my wislie, my ioye, and my delight : 
Unto the Lord that nttei in heauen on highe. 
With hastye wing. 
From me doelh fling. 
And itiyueth styll, TOto the Lorde to Sje. 

O Israeli, O housholde of the Loide, 
O Abrshama Brattea, O broode of blwed eeed^ 
O chosen sheepe that loue the Lorde in deede : 
O hungrye hcartes, ftede Myll vpon Ms wonie. 
And put your trust in him with one accord*. 
Fori ■ ■ ■ ■ 

Hee wyll redeeme our deadly drowping itatef 
He wyll bring home the iheepe that goc astrays. 
He wyll helps them that bops in him alwaye 1 
He wyll qipeaie oui diecords and debate, 
Hs wyll soone saue, though we repeat ts late. 
Me wyll be uun if we i^ntinewe las. 
He wyll briog bole to ioye and perfect bUsse. 
He wyll redeeme the flocke of las electa 
Fnim all that ia. 

Sauce Abrahams beyrea dyd first hia Lawes rdect. 


Written vpon this occasion. Hee had (in myddeat 
of his youth) detenniued to abandons all vaine 
delightea and to retume vnSo Greyea Inne, tbers 
to vndsrtake againe the studdie of the aomman 
Lawes. And being required by fius siuidiT 
Gentlemen to write in veres somewhat wortbys 
lo bse remsmbted, before he entered into their 
fellowihippe, hee compiled these fiue sundrie 
sorts* of metre Tppon Sue sundrya thsamea, 
wbicbe tbey deliuered vnto him, and the fiist waa 
at request of Fraunds ICinwslmarsha who d*- 
litiered him Ihia theanie. Audaottforttina itaut. 
And thersvppon bee wrote this Sonnete ibUowiag. 

It yelding feore, or cancred villanie. 
In Ciesani baughtle heart had tans the charge. 
The walles of Rome had not bene rearde so hye* 
Nor yet the mightye Empire left so large. 
If Menelaua could haue tuld his wyll. 
With fowle reproche to loose bis faire delight, 
Thcs hod the stately lowres of Troy itoode styll. 
And Grtekes with grudge hod dronke tlieir uwue 

Iring Prince amfdile his race, 
AftcaniuH then, the fmite of hu d«ure, 
In Lauine Lande had not possesied place. 
But true it is, where lotted doc l^ght by cbaiiDC«, 
There Fortuue helpes the boldest to sduaunce. 
Sc lull. 

"ITie neite was at requert of Antony Kinwelnunhe, 
who deliuered him this iheame, Satii ttfffidt, and 
tbereirpon be wrote us fuloweth. 

Tai vaine excesw of fialtenng fortuDea giftea, 

Enuenomelh the minde with vanity e, 

And beatcsibemtelesKbraine with endieaae driitea, 

To naye the BtafTe of worldly dignitie : 

The begger atandes in like extremitie. 

Wheifore to Ucke the moste, and leaue tfae least, 

I cotimpt enough as good as any feast. 

By too too much Dan Cra«us caught his death, 
And bought with bloud tbe price of glitteHng gold. 
By too too title many one lackes breath 
And sterues in stretes a mirroure to bcbotde : 
So pride for heate, and Pouertye pynea for colde. 
Wherefore to lacke the most, and leaue the least, 
I coumpt enough ai good as any feast 

And mo then 

. no sore : loe this secmea coatrarye, 
lerier is a Prouerbe eke, 
uui »uic ui iiores maye make a nuladye. 
And one to many maketh some U> seeke, 
Whan two be melte that bankette with a teeke ; 
Wherefoic to locke tbe most and leaue the least, 
I coumpt enough as good as any feast 

The rych man surfetteth by glottony. 
Which feedeth still, and neuer standes content, 
The poore agayne he pine* for penurye, 
WUch 1iu« with lacke wben all and more is tpente : 
So to much and to little boche bee shente. 
Wherefore to locke llie nu»te, and leaue the least, 
I coumpt enough as good as any feast. 

Tfae coitquerDur with mcontented iwaye. 
Doth rayse »p rebelles by his auarice. 
The recmunt dothe yeeld hinueife a ptaye. 
To forraine spoyle by slouth and cowardyre : 
So too much and to little both be vyc& 
Wlierefbre to locke the most, and leaue the least, 
I coumpt enough as good as any feast. 

If ao thy wifebe too too fayreof face: 
It drawes one gest too many (o thine inne : 
If she be fowle, and foyled with disgrace, 
In othor pillowea prickst thou many a [nnne : 
So fowle poore foolea, and Ayrer fall to dnne, 
Wherf(H« to lacke the mnst^ and leaue the least, 
I coumpt enough as good as any frast. 

And of enough, enough, and nowe no more, 
0ycause my brmynes no better can deuise, 
When thinges be badde, a small summe maketh store, 
So of luche verse a fewe maye soone suffice : 
Vet still to this my weaiy penne replyes. 

Thb common speech ii, spend and God will send 
But what sendes he ? a bottell and a bagge, 
A stafTe a wallet and a wofull ende, 
For such as list in brauery so to bragge, 
lien if thou couet Coyne enough to spend, 
Leame first (o spare ihj budget at the brinks 
So shall the botlome be tbe faster bound : 
But be that list with Isuisb bond to linke, 
(In like eipence) a pennye with a pound. 
May cbaunce at last to sitte a side and ahrinke 
His harbraind head with out dame dainties dore. 
Hick, hobbe, and Dick, with clouts vpon their knee, 
Haue many times more goonbole grotes in store 
And change of crownes more quicke at cal then he. 
Which let their lease and take their rent before. 
For he that rappes a royall on his cappe. 
Before he put one penny in bis punse. 
Had neede tume quicke and broch a better tappe. 
Or els his drinke may chance go dowoe the vunse. 
I not denie but some men haue good hap. 
To climbe a lofle by scales of courtly grace. 
And winne the world with liberohtye : 
Yet he that yerke old angellt out apace. 
And hath no newe to purchase dignitye, 
When orden fall, may chaunce to lacke his grace. 
For haggard hawkes mislike an emptie hand : 
So stiSely some sticke to the mercers stall. 
Till sutes of silke haue swet out all their land. 
So ofte thy neighbours banquet in thy hall. 
Till Dauie Debet in thy parler stand, 
And bids the welcome to thine owne decay. 
I like a Lions lookes not worth a leeke 
Wlien euery Foxe beguiles him of his praye : 
What sauce but sorrow serueth him a weeke. 
Which all his catcs consumeth in one daye? 
First Tse thy stomacke to a staud of ale. 
Before thy Sfalmesey come in Marchanles bookea. 
And raliier were (for shifte) thy shirte of male, 
llian teore thy silken sleuea with teynter hakes. 
Put feathers in thy pillowes great and small, 
Leite them be piinckt with plumea, that g^e for 

Before thou decke thy hatte (on high) with broaches. 
Lette first thyne one band hold fasle all that commeo. 
Before that other leame his letting Hie: 
Remember itill that soft fire makes sweet malte. 
No baste but sood (who meanes to routtiplye : ) 
Bought witte la deare, and drest with sower salte, 
Repentaunce commea to late, and then saye I, 
Who spares the first and keepes the last vnspent, 
Shall finde that sparing yeeldes a goodly rent. 

Aleiander Netiile deliuered him this theame, Sal 
Clio, n M/ bene, whererpon hee compiled these 
seuen Sonets in sequence, therin bewraying tua 
owne l^imit ctio: and therwith his Fix bene, as 
In haste paste haste, when first my wandring mjnde, 
Behelde the glistring Courte with gaiing eye, 
Suche deepe deligbtcs I seemde tbnin to flnde. 
As mi^ b^uilc a grauer guMt than I. 



"n* ilatdy pompa of PiincM lad tb^ pccro, 
Did icciDC to swinune in flouddei of beaten goiild% 
The want(»i world of jong delightfuU yeerei, 
Wh not mlike ■ hnuen for to bfbotilde. 
Wboon djd iwanne (for mery uint) ■ Dune, 
So fure of hue, m freshe of their sttire, 
Ai might eicell dnme Cinlhia for Fune, 
Or conquer Cupid with bja owne desire. 
Tbew and ■uche lyke were baytes that blaied Mill 
Bdbcv m]rue eje to leede my greedy wilt. 

3. BcTara mine eye to feedc my greedy will, 
Oan mutter eke mine olde tcqiutinud match 
Who belpt the diih (of Tayne delighte) to 811 
My empty month with dayntye delicates : 

And foli^ie boldeneHe tolce the whippe in haitde, 
To Uibe my life iota this trva^ewe trace, 
lU all in baste 1 le^te a loofe from lande. 
And boyatc vp wyte t« eatcbe a Courtly grace : 
Echc lingfing daye did leeme a worid of wo, 
Till in that lttpl«se bauen my bead was brought : 
Wauca of wanhope so toat me to and fro. 
In deepe diipayre to drowne my dreadfull thought : 
Eche houre a day ecbe day a yeare did seeme. 
And «MTy yaare a woride my will did deeme. 

S. And eoery ynrc a woride my will did deeme, 
mi lo^ at laat, (o Court nowe am I come, 
A Ketnely iwayne, that might the place beieenie, 
A ^adaome guest embraste of all and aome : 
Not there contente with common dignitie. 
My wandring eye in haflte, (yea poste poate haite) 
Bdielde the blaiing badge of brauerie. 
For wantc wberof, I thought my nelfe disgraale : 
Then peeuiahe pride pufile vp my swelliDg harte. 
To further foorth bo holte aa entetpriie : 
And comeiy cost b^anne to playe hi« parte. 
In pnyiing palteraes of mine owne dcuise. 
Thua all WM good that might be got in haMe, 
To princke me vp, and make me higher plaate. 

4. To prioke me Tp and make me hi^ier plaM^ 
All came to late that taryed any time, 

miea of prouiiion pleased not my taate, 
Tliey made my beelcs to heauie for to clime : 
Mce thought it best that bougbei of boyMrou* oake, 
8honld Gnt be ahread to make my festbeiB gaye. 
Tyll at the last a deadly dinting atroake, 
Bmught downs the bulkewith ^Igetoolnof decaye: 
Of euery &rme I then let Hye a lease. 
To feede the purse thai piiyde for peeui«hnfsse. 
Till lenle and all were falne in sucbe disease, 
A* scarae ooulde serue to mayntayne cleanlynease : 
Tbey bought, the bodie, fine, femic, lease, and lande. 
All woe to little for the merchauntes haode. 

5. All were to little for the merchauntea hande, 
And yet my brauerye bigger than his booke : 
But when this botte occompte was coldly scande, 
I thooghl highe time about me for to looke : 
With heauie cheare I cute my head abacke. 

To tee the fountainc of my furious race. 
COmpatde my luM, my liuing, and my lacke. 
In equall balance with my iolye grace. 
And save expence* grating on the grounde 
Ijke lumpes of lead to pretse my purase full oAe, 
When li^t lewsrde and recompence were founde, 
Fleeting like feathers b the winde atofte : 
Tlte« thttt comparde, I left the Courte at large. 
For why 7 the gainta doth seeldome qnitte the charge. 

fi. For why ? the gainea doth aeldome quttta the 

And ao laye I, by proofe too dearely bought. 
My haste mad wast, my braue and brainsicke barge. 
Did float to fast, to catch a thing of nought ; 
With leasure, measure, meane, and many mo, 
1 mought haue kepi a chayrt of quiet Male, 
But hastie heads can not bee setled lo, 
■nil croked Fortune glue a crabbed mate : 
As busie braynet muste beate on tickle toyea, 
As rashe inuention bivedes a rawc deuise, 
So sodayne foUei doe hinder hastie ioyes. 
And as swifte baytes doe fleetest fyshe entice. 
So haste makes watte, and therefore nowe 1 saye. 
No haste but good, where wisdome makea (he wayc. 

7. No haste but good where wisdome makea the 
For ptoCe whereof, behold the simple snayle, 

With hotte sssaulte the Castle to asukyle.) 

By line and leysure clymea tha loftye wall, 

And winnes tbe turreltes toppe more cotmiugly. 

Than doughtye Dick, who losle his life and all. 

With hoysting Tp hia head to hastilye. 

Tbe swiAeat bilche brings foorth the blyndeM 

Tbe hottest Feuen coUeM crampes ensue, 
Tbe nakedst neede hsthe ouer latest helpea : 
With Neuyle then I fiode this prouertw true. 
That baste make* waste, and therefore still 1 saye, 
No haate but good, where wisdome makea tlie waya. 

Ricbarde Courtop (the last of the Hue) gaue him 
this theame, Dtirum imeum ^ miiembiU omm, 
and tberevpon hee wrote in ttus wise. 

Wbih peerelesn Princes courtes were free from 
flatteiie, [periurie. 

lie Justice from vnequal doome, tbe quest from 
The pillers of the state, from proude presumptioD, 
The clearkea from heresie, the conunonea fnaa re- 
bellion : [desarte, 
Hien right rewardefl were giuen, by iwaye of dewe 
Then vertues derlingea might be plasle aloft to play 
, their part : [of olde. 
Then might tbey coumpt it true, that hathbeene sayda 
The children i^ thoae h^pie dayea, were borne in 
beds of golde. [sucke. 
And swadled in the same : tbe Nurse that gaue them 
Was wife lo libemllitie, and letnman to good lucke. 
When Cesar woon the fields, his caplaines caught 
tbe Townes, [ful ofcrownet. 
And euery painful soutdiours purse was cranuned 
Licuigus for good Lawen, lost bis owne libertie, 
Andthoughtitbelterto preferreconimon commoditie. 
But nowe tbe times are tumde, it is not aa il was, 
The golde is gone, the ailuer sunke, and nothing left 



To see a King encroaches what wonder siiould it 
When commons cannot be content, with countrie 

Tbe Prince may dye a babe, trust »p by trechetie,' 
Where TSine ambidiHi doth moue trustlesse nobil- 

Utye. [hilea, 

Errotm in pulpit prache, where fait 

Promotion (not deuotion) is cam 

U tbawputn 


'On it tlw maea itakl out, wban 

And I the prologue should pnmouncei but thM I im 

tlHide. [ki>%> 

Fiist Cayphu playea the Frieft, and Herode ait* u 

Fflate the JuilgCi ludu the Jurour verdict in doth 

bring, [anyi 

V^ne tatling pUic* tbe noc^ well cladde in ritche 

And pooni Ton IVootb u Ui^bt to dcon, with gu- 

mcnts Dolfaiiig gay. [tnina, 

Hie woman wwiConneiw, the commet with tjcing 

Pride in hir pocket pUiea bo pe^w, and bawdry in 

HirhandiDaides be dacdpte, daunger, and dalliaunee, 
Riot and Keuell follow bir, tb^ be of hir aUiaunoe : 
Next these commei in Sim Swaibe, to see what (turre 

they keepe. [him to creepe : 

Climof tbe Clough then takes hiilieeles, tis time for 
To packs the pogeaunt vp, commes Sotrow with a aong, 
He saj IbcH iesl« can get no grotea, and al thii 

gears ^oth wrong : [parte, 

FjTBt pride without oause why, he nngea the tniAe 
71m meanc bee mumbles out df tunc, for lacke of 

Life and hartt 
Coit lort, the counter Tenor chantetb on apace, 
Tbui all in diacordfl stands tbe cliffe^ and beggne 

singe* the base. [are sturring. 

The players loose their painei, where so fewe pence 
Tlmr gannRs weare for lacka of gain*, and fiet fur 

lack of funing. 
Whrai all is done and past, was no part plaide but one 
For euefye player plaide tbe fools, tyll all be spen^ 

And thus an ende of these fiue Theames, admountinE 
to the nombO' of CCLVIIl. venea, deuiied 
ryding by the way, writing none of them Tndll he 
came at ^e ende of his Journey, the trhich was no 
longerthan one day in ryding, one daye in tarying 
widi his fHend, and the thirde in returning to 
Greyes Inne : and therefore called Oaacoignes 



Ftb captaines Ae, your longuea are tyed to close. 
Your souldiours Ae by silence purduse shame : 
Can no man penne in meetre nor in prose. 
The lyfe, the death, the lalliaunt actes, the tanie, 
Tbe birth, bebauiour, nor the noble name. 
Of sudi a feere as you in Gghl haue loS : 
AIm swb painaa wotild quickly quite tbe cost. 

Bourcher is dead, whom eche of you dyd knowe, 
Yet no man writes one worde to paint his prauie. 
His sprite on bigb^ his carkiwse here belowe, 
Dq(b both condemne your doting ydle dayea : 
Yet ccasse they not to sounde Us worthy wayai, 
"Who liued to dye, and dyed againe to liue^ 
_jruh deitb deere bought be dyd his deWb forgiue. 

Ho might Cw byith hMW bfMWd iwbU we, 
Yet were hie ovHim week* and alwsye* milda^ 
Who gaua a geaae by gaiing OB hla tuef. 
And judge t^nby, might qoitUy be begujlde. 
In Selde a lion, and io Towiie a Childs, 
lilerce to bis foe, but courteouse to his friende, 
Alas tbe whilst his lifo so Hoona should eade ? 

To sBue his Prioce bis life was auer pieat. 
To serue hit God, his death be thought but d«w. 
In all UtempU as foreward as the best. 
And all to fonwardea, which we all may tww. 
Hi! life so shewed, his death eke tried it true : 
For where his foes in thickest pnase dyd staoda, 
Bourcher caught bane with bloodie swwde in hMde- 

And marke the counge of a noble hean, 
When be in bed lays wounded woodrou* sore. 
And heard allanne, be soone forgot hit smart 
And calde for arroes to shewe his seruice more : 
I wyll to fielde (quod he} and Ood before ; 
Which sayde, he sailde into more quiet eoatt, 
Styll ptaysing God, and so gaue Tp the ^loel. 

Nowe muie not teader (hough we stones can ^leake. 
Or write sometimes Che deedes of worthy ones, 
I could not bolde although my heart should breaks 
(Because here by me buryed an his bones,) 
But I must tell this tale thus for tbe nones 
When men crye mumnteand keepe such silence long, 
nien Blonss must spetike, else deed msu ahall haue 

Fnii jttod Mia-maituit Martlatone, 


Writtm vpon tills Iheame, Oulce Bdbtm turpeWtt, 
and it was written by peecemeale at sundrye 
tymes, as the Auctbour had Tacaunl leysurca 
fWnn seruice, being began at DeUe in Hollande, 
and dyrected to the ryght bonourable the Lord 
Greye of Wyllon as appeareth by the E^stle 
Dedicatory next following. 

Mt Singular good Lorde ; I am of opinion that 
long before this time your honour hath throughly 
perused the bodke, which I pr^ared to bee soil 
TUto you somewhat before roy commyng hytber, 
and therewitiiall I doe lykewise coniectour that 
you haue founde therein iust cause to laugh M 
my follies forepassed. So that I am paruy in 
doubte whether I were mi»e oucrseene in my first 
deuising, or in my last dyrecting of the same ? But 
as fantstticatl humours are conmum imperftctiona 
in greene vninellowed braines : So Jiope I yet that 
your good LordiJuppe wyll rather winke at my 
weakenesie in generalhtie, than reproue my rasb- 
nesse in perticularitie. And because I would bee 
glad, to dravre your Lordshippe into forg^fiilnesae 
thereof, by freshe recorde of some more martiall 


wd) tisM* M wa [lOftaad finot Mniico. And 
tb* totnect tliereof being wmti*, I could Dot nore 
■*-— — i— 'ij- addreiae tha ume tdIo utf Ma>- 
ihiallniaD, then mto jour good Loitbhippa; Wbonie 
I hmaa bemzd to be «i vniuenotll patnuie of all 
SoaUitnin, ud haue found to bee mn eiceeding 
&uaurouT of inee ;oui Tnwortb; follower. Tbe 
rene is itMighc. And k good reuon, atheoci 
treateth of rou^e nutten, but if the Hence 
Eood then haue I byt the Durke which I shote 
Koowing that your Lordihippe can winne Honnj 
out of the Tbinle. And luch u it is, I dyrect " 
TDto your Hoaour. Beweching the naine, to tal 
it in gre^ and to perceaue that I am and euer wj 

Your Lorddupi 

To write of Wwrre and wote not what it ia. 
Nor euer yet could march where War was made, 
Hay well be thought a wi»'ke b^onne amis, 
A rash attempt, in woorthlene Tene to wadf. 
To tdl the tiiall, knowing not the trade i 
Tet mch a nine euea oowe doth feede my Muta, 
That in this theame I must »me labor tes. 

S. And bamwithal I cannot but conftaae, 
Howe Tneipst 1 am in fcatefl of waire : 
For man than wryting doth the ume expiene, 
I may not boaat of any cniell iarre, 
Nor Taunt to aee full raliant facta fratn farre : 
I haue Dor bene in Turkie, Deiunarke, Greece, 
Ne yet in Colcb, to wiime ■ Golden fleece. 

3. But natbelaaM I aome what reade in writte. 
Of high eiploila by Martiall men ydone. 

ADd dxreipoo 1 haue preaumed yet. 
To take in hands thii Poeme oow b^onne : 
WlKrin I mesne to teU what race they roDBe, 
Who fbllowe Drumme* befbre they knowe the dubbe. 
And hiaggc of Mats before they feele his dubbe. 

4. Wldchtalk to tell, let first with pennedeclare^ 
What thing warre ifl, and wbereof it proceed*. 
What be the fruitea that fall mto iheir shore 
That gape for honor by thoie haughtie deeds, 
Wliat bjotidie broyles in euery state it breeds : 

A -weary woike vnethi I shall it write, 
Tet (u I may} I muat the same endite. 

5. The Poeta olde in (bar fimde fables Gune, 
Thtf mightie Mars is ^ of Warre and Strife, 
Tbeae aatrottomen^ thmke, where Mars doth raigne. 
That all debate and discorde muat be rifW, 

Sane thinke Bellona goddesse of that life : 
So that Bome one, and some aiiother Judge, 
To be the cause of euery greeuous grudge. 

6. Among the rest that Painteri had some ski]], 
Wliich Unn in anmea did once act out the same, 

A Aelde of Geules, and on a Golden hill 

On ebtatt at Sfibia (taken tnxa tbe dame) 

d with alauno. 

T. On high the Helme, I beare it vail la tninde, 
He Wreath was Siluer poudred all wilb shot. 
About tbe which fgovUi du utngj did twinde 
A ndl of Sable, blackc and foule beblot, 
Tba Creast two handea, which may not be forgot, 
Fi« in the Right a trenchand blade did atande. 
And in the L^ a Gria burning braode, 

S. Thui Poets, Painten, and Astrooomera, 
Haue giuen their gesae this lubiect to define. 
Yet are those three, and with tfaem tnuellersi 
Not best betrust among the Worthies nine^ 
Their woordes and workea are deemed not diuina :~ 
But wby? Gud knowes (my matter not *p mam,) 
Unlesse it be bicauie they fitine to fiure. 

S. Well then, let see what aayth the common 
voice,* tsay? 

Iliese olde sayde nwes, of waire what can ttaay 
Who list to barken to their whispiiog noiti^ 
May heare them talke and tattle day by day. 
That Prioce* pryde ia cause of wane ^way : 
Plantie brings piyde, pryde plea, plea pme, ^ne 

Peace ploitie, and so (say they) they neuer cease. 

1<X And though it haue bene thought aa true as 

WUcb people prate, and prasoh aboue tba reat, 

Yet could I neuer any reason feele. 

To thinke Fax prmih vox Da ut. 

As for my skill, I compt him but a beast. 

Which trusteth truth to dwell in common ipeecbe. 

Where euery lourden will become a leech. 

11. Then what is waire? define it right at last. 
And let TB set all olde ssyde sawes aside, 

Let Poets lie, let Painters faigne as fast, 
Astronomen let marke how Btaires do glide. 
And let these Trauellen tell wonders wide i 
But let vs tell by trustJe proufe of truth. 
What thing is warre which laiseth all this lutb* 

1 2. And for my parte my fansie for to wiigh^* 
I say that warre is euen the scourge of God, 
ToRnenting such as dwell in princelie plight. 
Yet not regorde the reaching of his rodde. 
Whose deeda and dueties often times are odde. 
Who iBunge at nndom iesting at the iust. 

As though they raignde to do euen what they lust. 

13. WbiRne neytbci plague can pull into remone. 
Nor dearth aa dnwe to mende that is amiaai^ 
Within whose hearts no pitie findeth force. 

Nor right can rule to iudge what reason ib 
Whome lickneaae salueth oot, nor bale brings bliNe: 
" ' high loue by waste of hloudie waire, 

!e the case so plaine by proufe doth 

Who compt tbe quiet Burgher but an Assc^ 

> (Jommoa people'i cnlnlm. 
• The Aitthoi'i deflollin. 

15. irMusmoouewan 
And PoeU eke in ftblei tse to foine, 

Or if Belloiu cauM laennei heoites to swell 
Bj deadly grudge, by rancor or dyftdainef 
Then vrbkt delight may in that life remuDe ? 
Where aager, wnth, teene, miuJiiefe and debate, 
Do itill vpholde the pilUn of the State ? 

16. If Funten cimft haue truly wane dyiplajrde. 
Then U it woorsw (and badde it is at best) 
Where toirnea destroyde, and fields with bloud 

Tong children slaine, olde widdowet foule npprest, 
Maydea rauiahed, both men and wiues dlKtrest ; 
Short tale to make, where sworde and cindring flame 
Conniine aa much as earth and ayre may frame. 

IT. If piTde make warre 'as common people prate) 
Hwn is it good (no doubt) as good may bee. 
For pryde is roote of euill in euerie state. 
The sowne of ainne, the very feend his fee, 
The head of Hell, the bough, the braunch, the tree, 
FroDiwhlcbdo spring and aproiitestichfleihlieieedea, 
Ab nothing else but moane and myschiefe breedes. 

IB. But if warn be (as I haue sayde before) 
Godi scourge, which doth both Prince and people tame, 
Then wame [be wiser sorts by learned lore, 
To flee ftota that which bringeth naught but blame. 
And let men compt it griefe aud not a game. 
To feele the burden of Goda mightie hande. 
When he cODCludes in iudgement for to atande. 

19. Oh Prince' be p 


Confine thy countries with their common boundea, 
Enlarge no lande, ne stretch thou not thy streamy 
Penne vp thy pleasure io Repentance poundea, 
Leaat thine owne awordes be cauae of all thy woundea: 
Claime nought by warre where title is not good. 
It is Goda tcourge, then Frince beware thy bloud. 

90. Oh Dukes, oh Earis, oh Barons, Knight! and 

Kepe you content with that which is your owne. 

Let biauerie neuer bring you in his briers, 

Seeke not to mowe where you no seeds haue sown*. 

Let not your neighbors bouse be ouerthrowne. 

To make your garden straight, round, euen, and 

For tl 

B, (Goda scourge) then Lordea be- 

Sl. Oh Inshops, deacons, prelate*, prieats, and all,' 
Stiiue not for tythes, for glcbelande, nor for fees. 
For polling Peter pens, for popish Pall, 
For proud pluralities, nor newe degrees, 
And though you thinke it lubberlike to leeae. 
Yet shoulde you lende that one halfe of your cote : 
^en Piieata leaue waire, and leame to aing that 

- S3. Oh lawlease Lawyers, '0 ttoppe your too long 

And la your nilea Tplandiah loulaa can laiie. 
Till you haue brouf^t their wealth mto the wT*d« : 
This is plaine warre, although you terme it ttrite. 
Which God will acourge, then L«wyen leaue thia 

S3. Oh Merchants'' make more conscience in an 

Sell not your Silkea by danger nor deceyte, 
Breake not your bankea with coine and aedite botb^ 
Heape not your hoordea by wilinesse of weyght. 
Set not to sale your aubdlties by aleight, 
Breede no debate by bargayning for dayea. 
For God will skourgc auch guiles U 

34. Oh countiie ctownes," your cloaca see you 

With hedge, and ditcbe, and marke your mead* widi 

Let not dame llatterie in your bosonie creepe. 
To tell a fittone in your Landlordes eares, 
And say the ground is his as playne appeu«s> 
Where you but aet tlie boundera foortb Co &rre : 
Plie you the plough and be no cause of wan«. 

S5. Ob common people'} clayme nothing but 
And ceasse to ae^e that you haue neuer tost, 
Striue not for trifles : make not all yoiu' might 
To put your neighbours purse to oeedelesae cost. 
When your owne gilte is spent, then farewell frost: 
The Lawyer gaynes, and leades a Lordly lyfe, 
Whiles you leeec all and hegge to adnte you stiyfe. 

26. Knew Kings and Princes what a payne !t wcr^ 
To winne mo reajroes Chan any witte can weclde, 
To pine in hope, to fret as fast for feare. 
To aec their aubiecCa murdred in the Geld, 
To loose at last, and then themaeluea to yeeld. 
To breake aounde aleepe with carke and inwards care^ 
They would loue peace, and hidde waire well la 

ST. If noble men and gentle bloodes yborne. 
Wist what it were to haue a widdowe* cane. 
Knew they the akourge of God (which wroga doth 

Who sees the poors still wronged to the worse. 
Yet stayes reuenge till he it list disburse : 
Wist they what were to catche Goda after dappes. 
Then would they not oppresse so much perhappes. 

88. These apirituall Panors, nay these spitefull 
Which ought to tende a lanteme to the rest. 
Had they themaeluea but light to see tlie ropea. 
And snares of Hell which for their feele are drest, 
Bicause they pill and pole, bycauae tbcy wteat. 
Bycause they couet more than borrell men, 
( Harde be their hartea) yet would they tremble then. 

99. Lawyers and Marchanta put tbem both yCean, 
Could they foresee bow fast tbeyr beyres lasbe out, 
If they in nditde this old Prouerbe could beare, 
De imit maleparHM si* (through out) 
GatuMit tertiut haeet ont of doubt. 


30. Whilei Fierce the Flowini hopei b 

B]t mouiiig boundo (wliich gM akacco fiue hii 

His l.uidloTd lawe* ma long to winoe that baoke, 
"nU « the lut the Fenno uu) all flie* looM, 
Tben Aueirdl Pierce tlte man proun but a moiue. 
And sBekes ■ cottage if he coiild one get, 
So fajTc be GilU \»j mo 

31. If common people could foresee the inn. 
Which lights at lart by lashing out at lawc. 
Then wiw best loues this question, Myne or Thyne, 
Would ueuer grease the giEcdy ^ergeantB pawe. 
But nt at home and Icame thii old sayde uve^ 
Had I rcumged bene of euery haime, 

Hj coste bad neuur kept mc halfe » wanne. 

32. But whether now 7 mjwlllej are went awrie, 
I baue piesumde to preache to long Cod wote. 
Whoe mine Empryse waa well to lestifie 

How sweet warre is to nucii aa knowe it not, 
I baoe but toucbt their yll luck and fhdr lot. 
Which are the cause why strife and warns begin, 
Nooght baue I aayd of lucb u seme tberan. 

33. And tbenrithal I termed huue all strife, 
AU quarella, contecks, and all cruel! iarres, 
Oppression*, brybercs. and all greedy life, 

A> (o mn^ matter doth mj Muw nircbarge. 

S4. But as the hawk I 

And clymbes aloft for soUai 

"" te she gettetli 

'bich soareth in the akie. 

SpofaaUyouM _ 

Fiade out at last the right and ready way. 
And kepe it sure thoi^h eant it went astny. 

35. My promiiae waa, and I recorde it so, 
Td write in Terse (God wot though lyttle worth) 
Tbat warre aeemes sirecte to such as Uttl« knowe 
What conunes therfay, what fhiteaitbfuinthroTthi 
Wbo fcnowes none euil his niinde no bad abhortb, 
But such aa once haue fcalt the skortching fire. 
Will iddame (efte] to pla; with flame denre. 

36. Tben warreisbadde: and ao it ia in dewle, 
Tct an thiK swica which Ibeiin lake deligbt. 
But wbo tbey be now herken and take faewle, 
For (aa I may) I mesne tbeir names to wrighl, 
Tbt first b>gl>t Haughlie harts, a man of might, 
The second Greedy minde most men do call. 
And HiBer~(be tbe mome) comes last of alL 

37. As for ths flirt,'* three apaikes of migbty 

Scmv of &me, disdayne of Idleneaae, 
And hope of honor, ao inHame his bloud, 
Tbat be haunts watTE to winne but worthinesses 
His doughty dcedca slwayes declare no lesie ; 
For whyles moM men for gainea or malice fighl. 
He gipaa for glory setting lyfe but light 

3S. O noble mind'; alas and who Could tlnnket 
So good a hart so hard a "happe should hsaie 
A aweete perfutnc to fkll into a sinke, 
A coatly iewell in a swelling waue. 
Is happfl as liarde as if in greedy giaue, 
The lustiest lyfb aliould shryncd be peiftnte, 
Be&re dyre deatbe gyue seutence of diuorce, 

3i». And such I countc tba happe of Haughty hart. 
Which hunts (nought els) but honor for to get. 
Where treascnl, nudyce, aicknesae, sore and smazto. 

And ba means while (which migfat liaue spent it bet] 
But loseth time, or doth the aama mispend. 
Such guerdons giues the wicked warre at end, 

40. I set aside to tell the restlesfe toyle. 
The mangled corps, the lamed limbcs at las^ 
The ihorDicd yearcs by fret of feuers foylc, 

Tba snuotbest skinna with scabbes and skanai A^ 

The froUcke favour frounst and fouie de&st. 
Tin brcAen sleepea, tbe drcadfull draunes, the woe. 
Which wonne with warn and caoiKit tmm him goe. 

41. I lint not write (tor itbecommes me not} 
The secret wrath which God doth kindle oft, 
To see [he sucklings put Tnto the pot. 

To heare their gtltlesae bloode send cries altrfle. 
And call for rengeance vnto bim, but aofte 
Tbe Souldiouis tbey commit those hejnous actea. 
Yet Kings and Captsynea answere for sucfa facte^ 

49. What neede ma now at large for to rdwaiSf^ 
The force of Fortune, when the liat to frowne ? 
Why should I heet« display in barreyne mae. 
How realmes are turned topeie turuie downc. 
How Kings and Keysara louse both claym« and 

43. AU these with mo my pcnne shall ouerpaasa, 
Since Haughty barte hath fiit bis fknue thua, 

Let cbauitCB (sayetta he) be fiekell as it was, 

SU hmul {in rt nataj Amnut, 

Sim ontna tobitn virofinu Iu% 

And fie (sayetb be) ior goods or filthie gaine, 

1 gqie for ^orie, all the rest is vayne. 

44. Vayne is the rest, and that moat vajne of all, 
A smouldriog smoke which dieth with euery winde, 
A tickell treaaure, like a trendlyng ball, 

A passing pleasure mocking but the miiida, 
A fickle fee as fansie well can flnda. 
A soDunera fhiice whiche long can neuer las^ 
But ripenetfa aoone, and rottea againe as bat, 

45. And tell mo Haughty harte, confcaae a tnitb, 
What man was aye so safe in Gloiiea porte ? 

But traynas of Deason (oh tbe more the ruth) 
Could vndennine tbe Bulwarkes of this forte. 
And raic his tamparta downe in sundrie aorte 7 
Seaicbe all thy bookes, and thou abailt flude therein, 
Tbat honour is more barde to hidde than wiimA 

:I0 GA8C( 

WhoM oiwIt mird« commuindBd all the crua. 
Of RonuTne Knigbti M nuny a tiina and tid*^ 
Whose poinpe wu thought w> great it could not 

At last with bodkiDi dubd and doiiit to death, 
Ami all hia ghnie baniiht iiilh his breath. 

47. Ornuliceiaore whatsbould I nuLediccource, 
'TbMB thy fiiule fell pTOude PonqMf >* by thy name, 
Whow awelUng harte enuying Ciesar's force. 

Did boyla and bume in will and wicked Aame, 
By hii downe bU (hy fonder clyme to frame, 
1111 thine owne head bebathed with enmiea team. 
Did enda thy gloria with thy youthfull yearaa. 

48. AUa alas bow many may we reade, 
'Wboroa aidkncssa ailhe hath cut ai grsene as graiae? 
Whom* colde in Canipes hath cfaaungd u pale as 

Wboae grtue hath lacAt all chafled as it waa, 
With cbsrges giuen. with skarmouching in chaste ? 
Some lamed with gouU (aoone gotten in the field) 
Some font by fluie all glorie rp to yeeld. 

49. Of sodayne sores, or clappes caught ynawaie, 
By Bworde, by shotte, by mischief, or by mine, 
What necde I more eiamplca to declara, 

Tlien Montacute ^^ which died by doome deuine ? 
For. when he bad all France de&yct, in fine. 
From lofty tawre discouering of his foei, 
A CaniUMU da^pe did all his glorie lose. 

50. I had forgot fwherein I was to blame) 
Of bolde bnue Bourbon " soniewbat for to say 
That Haughty harte whome neuer Prince could 

Wbome neytber towne could stoppe nor wall let wiy, 
Vor king nor Keyser could his iomey stay : 
His Epitaph downe set Tpon his Toiobe 
Dedaiea no lewe i I leaui it to your doome. 
Dtukta OoBo, Aaeto Imperio, Pm^fb* okttm), RaUa 
■Jtama CBpta, Barbmg hoc marvur. 

51. Oh glorioua title ringing i 
Oti Epitaph of honor and U^ tx^fi 
Who teades the same as it is there set uowni^ 
Would thinke that Borbon sata in fortunes lappa. 
And could not fall by duuince of after dappe ; 
Yet be tbat wrote this (hundring Battering Terte, 
ijdl out one thiag which I must Deedee reheuia. 

53. t'orwbaibeliBdluikiiigltywaiTefbrednw, 

B, aod Italy bad 
ts be Aint, alwayea from Uwes 
And trudge from triall so (o scape the rope : 
Yea more than tbat a baniaht man he serued, 
Least toued of them whose tbanlu he roost descrued. 

S3, ija lordiugs bcre ■ lesson for the nonet. 
Behold this glasae and see yourselue* thenin. 
This Epitaph was writte for worthy ones, 
For Haughty haiM which honor hunt to wione. 
Berare beware, what broyles you do begin. 
For aimling lucke hath oft times Ttnent duranif 
And tberatias thiiike jwuit tscMria Qiront. 

ir Mcntseuie ERteofSsUAury. 

54. And yet if glory do your harta infcnws 
Or bote deaire a haughty name to baue. 
Or if you thirst for high renowne or &me, 
To blase such brute as time might not deprauc^ 
You leese the labour that you might well saue ; 
For many a prayse in that mane while you pa rt. 
Which (bet than warre) Diigttt make your name to 

SS. As first (perease) you skipt niyloaophie^ 
That noble skill which doth surmount tbe rest, 
Wherto if you had tied your memorie, 
Then bruntes of warre had neuer bniide your brert. 
Yet had our name bene blasde, and you bene bleat ; 
Aske Aristotle ^ if I speake amis, 
Fewa Souldien Dune can greater he than his. 

58. Neit Rethorikc, tbathoonnieharmelessearte^ 
Which conquers moe than wane can well subdu^ 
You past it by, and Iherfore loose your parte 

57. Of Physike speake for me Ling Auicen, * 
Who more esteemde tbe mesne to saue himseUe, 
Than lessons leude of proude ambitious men. 
Which make debate for roueke and worldly peUb : 
Yet was his g](»y neuer set on shelfe. 
Nor neuer sbal, whylet any worlde may stands. 
Where men haue minde to take good bookea in 

58. Wbatsbouldelttretdiinto Aalnmomia? 
Or maruels make of Husikes sugred sounde 1 
Or beate my braynes about OaoaialTie ? 
Or in Arithmetike of artes the grounde ? 

59. My meaning it no mora bnt to declan^ 
ThaX Haughtie hartes do spends their time in Tauten 
Which fbllowe warm, and bring thematluea in snare. 
Of tundiie ylls, and many a pmohing paine, 
Whilealf tbey list to oeeupie tluar braine. 

In other teatea with leaser toile ygot. 

They might baue hme whco aa tfaey haoe it not. 

60. Well, Oreedieniiodaait ofanothermoode. 
That man was fivmde out of some other molde. 
He (bilowes warrea fbr wealth and worldlie good. 
To fill his purse with grotea and gllatring goMe, 
He hopes to bnie tbat Hau^itie harte h^ aolde : 
He is as bote as any man at spoile, 

But at a bnadi he kecpelh no fuch coyle. 

61. Alas good Oreedie minde, and canst thoii 

No better trade, to fill th^ iMystroua baggt T ' 
Is witte nowe wenle so wandring ftom thy minde ? 
Are all thy prints so Toide of Reasons taggs ? 
Well so rnayst thou come royating home id ragg^ 
And lose thy lime aa Haughtie harte doth eke. 
Whiles like a dolt tbou wnlth in warre dart aAie. 

J° MAKla n Cloera. ■> Aukena 


Looke ac tbae iMwjtn bowe they purchue htt, 
Marka wel thm M uchmnls (bctttr minda God Mod 

ScchowctbCBUtesof ulke tbattbe^ woul^ldidetlw*. 
And many mo to fine in fa^aii ilaade, 
nil at tbe la^ thsy pay for mthrifta landa. 

63. The Grauer gea bj feeding fute his neate. 
The ClotfaieT cojnn by carding locks of wooti, 
Tlie Butclwr fauildn bj cutting out of meats, 
Hm Tanocn byda do fill bii budget full, 

The Sbeep maiMer hia old* caK croanea can cull. 
The SbngmakeT can d^ by sliapiiig ifaoon, 
TIn Craftis bairde can lioe i>y keeping atewea. 

64. The gorgeous Ooldesmitli getts tbe Diuell 
and all, 

He Haberdasher beapeth wraltb by battel, 
Tbe Bwbcr liun by handling of his ball, 
Tbe Coupen house is beelde by hooping fattn, 
Tbe Rogc rubbes out by poysoning of Ratles, 
The Chuiell raker liueth by bis fee, 
Tat compt I him more worthie prayae thao tbee. 

65' To rake vp rytches euemiore by wroDg, 
To muhiplie by moouing of mysthiefe, 
To liue by sp<Hle which seeldome laatetta long, 
To hoorde Tp hcapea whne* otbers lacke relive, 
To winne all wealth by playing of the ibeefe. 
Is oot so good a gaine I dsrc auowe. 
At his that liues by (oyling at the plowe. 

66. And yet the drudge that deluelli in the 
Hk pmreat pesant and the bnmelieat hinde. 
The meanest man that euer yet waa founds. 
To get a gaine by any Ijade or kinde, 
liue* more at rest and hatb more ease of mlnde. 
Hare sure to winne, mudi lesser dread to leese, 
Than any page that Cues by Man Us fbes. 

. 67. Ne will I yet aBlay the doubtfull baitet 
^such as seeke for welth in warre to fal. 
By thundiing out the sundrie sodaine Emartea 
Which daily chaunce as fonune tiilles tbe ball : 
Sufflseth llus to prooue my theame wiihall, 
"Hiat eueiy bullet hath a lighting place. 
Though Greedie minde Ibrseeth not that dlsgrace- 

6B. Tbe myst of Mora irould hau^ dolb hlaan 

So is be aimde with auarice alway. 
And as be couet* more than may luffln, 
So is be blinde and dailed day by day, 
For whilea he Tentures for a double pay. 
He quite foi^ets the pay that payea for all, 
Ta Leade (for GoldeJ do glut bii greedie gaL 

69. Tea though he gaine and cram hii pum with 

And tbeieiitlh tcfpe tbe fbemeni fc^ce in fieldi . 
He umgfat fuTeaeatfa what treasons dwellsin Townn, 
He what mislufipea hia yll got goods may yeelda 
For ID may cbaiince (and scene it is not seelde} 

e M* thvate and rime fail budgets cleene. 

What inwarde gricTes to quiet mindes may grow* 
By greedie Ihynt of rycfae* or renowne. 
Where wrung of warre ofl dmes erects the ctowne. 
He would penase confesse among the reel. 
That Dtdee bdlum uunpenit ft. 

T 1 . So thai I say as earst I sayda before. 
That cuen as Haughtie iiarte doth hunt in lain^ 
Which seekes to wione most honor euermM^ 
By haunting warres : so can 1 see no gaine, 
(With calme content) to feede tliat other* taine: 
Wherfore my worde is still (1 change it not) 
Hiat Warre siimiIii swaete to such as raunge H not 

73. Well then, let tee what reason or wbal rula 
Can Miser'* moue, to march among the nat: 
I meane not Miser be that sterues lus Mule 
For lacke of meatc : no that were but a iesi : 
My Miser is as braue (sometimes) as best. 
Where if he were a snudge to spare a groate, 
Then Greedie miitde and be might wearc ooc coate. 

73. But I l>y Miser meane the very man, 
Which is enforst by chip of any chaunca, 
To steppe add* and wander nowe and Chan, 
Till lowring lucke may pipe some other daunce. 
And in meane while yet hopeth to aduau n ce 

Hi* Btaylease state, by sworile, by speare, by shiclde. 
Such bulwarkes (loe) my Misers bniaa both builde. 

74. TheforloTDe hope, whichhauesctip Aeirrelt 
By rash eipence, and knowe nut howe to liue. 
The busie braine that medlelb with the best. 

And gets dyagrace his ra&hnesse to repreeue. 
The man that slewe the wiglit that diought to Iheeue, 
Such and such moe which Hn the Calchpols fis^ 
I compt them Misers, though the Queene It wlat. 

Where if they sawe how much deceyued they are. 
Whiles they be brought into mine vncle* beanes, 
And boppe in haiarde by their headia meanes : 
Then woulde they leame and loue to tine at home. 
Much father yet than wide in warres to rome. 

76. The unthrifk be that selles a roode of lande. 
For Flemish iiticke* of Slke* and audi like wane,** 
Weenes yet at last to make a happie bands 

By bloudie warre, and hopes to riiradde such shares 

In goods yll got to counteruaile hia cares, 

That he may oDce recouer his estate. 

To royst againe in spite of Catchpolles pate. 

77. The renlesse long that tattleth still at larg^ 
Til iust correction cause it to be still, -» 

Is banisht oft, and sitta in Misers barge. 

To brydle ao the wandring of bis will: 

Yet when be hearei a trumpet sounding shrill. 

He firilowea fast, and to bimselfe he aayes, 

Nowe can I keepe me out of Cotchpols wayea. 

73. The bloudie murdrer and the crafti* tbeeb, IT 

Which bane by fin-oi or frande dona what oOenmi 

1' MlRT. B UnthrtAa. *> Pntira 


Though IMiier there do p^y for th«r eipence : 
But when they heore a pay proclaimde for pencei 
Jah! then they trudge, and gape (o get such nealth, 
As may dischjuge thnr he*da from hangnuiu health. 

79. or theie three (ortM fliU many haue I seene, 
Some hate the slreate*, bicoiue the atones were hot. 
Some shunde the Court (and though they lovde our 

Yet in the Counaelhira wayes they stumbled not. 

Some might not drinke of Justice Giiffyni pot : 
But oil and lome had rather fight witb foes, 
Thaa once to light within the l^ipca of those. 

80. Ai for the flrM what needeTmuch to Wright? 
Since now odayes the Sunne so bole doth shine, 
lliat fewe yong blouds (vnlesse it be by night) 
Can byde the strcelts ; no, narrowe lanei be fine. 
Where oucry shade may seme them for a thrine : 
But in Chcapside the Siuine so scaldea the atroetc. 
That euery pauing Mone would partch thdi fcete. 

ei. So of the seconde aomwhat eould I My, 
Howe tattling tungi and busie byting pennes, 
Haue fledde from CouK long sithent many a day. 
And bene tiill gladde to lurke in Hiscn dennea, 
Some for their owue speech, lome for other mcnnes. 
Some for their bookes bicaute they wrute t< 
Yea some for rymca, but sure I koowe none 

8£. And for the thirde, I cannot blame them I, 
Jf they at barre haue once hetde vp their hande. 
And smelt the smoke which might haue made them 

Or leamde the leqw out of their natiue lande, 
Me tliinke if then their cause be riglitly tcande. 
That they should more delight to follow drummet, 
Than byde at home to come in hongmans thumbes. 

83. But holla yet, and lay a strawe theteliy. 
For whyles they scape for one offence or twaine. 
They goe so long to scbole with feltonie. 

And leaine such lesMna in the Soldiers (nine. 
That all deiayea are dalied but in value : 
For commonly at their home come they pay, 
The debt which hangman claimde earst many a day. 

84. How much were better then, with contrite 
First to repent, aad then to make amendes ? ptarte 
And therwithall to leame by troubles smaMe, 
What sweete repose the lawful! life tb tendes ; 

For when nich plaguea the mightie God tb sendes, 
They come as wdt to scourge offences past, 
Ai die to teache a better tnide at last. 

85. Andekehowmncb werebetterfoTtheflnt, 
To beare lowe sayle, beginne the worlde anewe. 
And stande content to muster with the wont. 
Till God conuey tbem to >oroe better crewe. 

It better were to bydde all pryde adieu. 
And stoupe betimes in hope to lyae againe. 
Than still to striue againBt the Mteame in vaine. 

BS. So were more meele for mealy mouthed HUO 
And busie medlers with theli Princes mates, 
Wryten and rimen for to tunie their pcone 
In humble style vnto the loftie states, 
And eke with tongue attending at their gates. 

ST. But mighty Mars hath many men in tUat, 
Which wayle ^wayes to keepe his kingdome vp. 
Of whome no one doth shewe his seruice moret 
Thaa lingring Hope which still doth beare hiaeuppcit 
And flatteringly lendes euery man a suppe. 
Which haunts his courte or in bis )HX]zresse pane, 
Hope brings the boll whereon they all must quaase, 

88. Tfa'ambitiousFriucedothhopetocanqueratl, 
The Dukes, Earles, Lords, and Knights h<^ to be 
The Prelates hope to pushe for Poiush pall, [kings. 
The Lawyers hope to purchase wonderous tlungs. 

B9. Amongst the rest poore Miser is so dri^ 
And tbriatetb so to taste of some good cbauDge, 
That be in haste to Hope runnes by and by. 
And drinkea so deepe (although tbe taste be 

That madding moode doth make liis wittea to raunge^ 
And he runnes on where Hope doth leade tbe way. 
Most commuoly (God knowes] to his decaye, 

90. So that for companie he ^ngs the same. 
Which Haughty harle and Greedy minde do sing 
"e sajeth that Bellum breedeth grief of game : 

nd though at first it seeme a pleasant thing 
I last (sayeth Le) it striketh with a sting. 
And Icaues a skarre although the wound be heald. 
Which giuea disgrace and cannot be conceald. 

91. To proue this true how many in my dayes, 
(And I for one) might be rehearced here, 

Who after proofe of diuers wandring wayes, 
Haue bene constreynd to sit with sorie cheeie. 
Close in a comer fumbled vp for feare? [for^ 

nil fro such denne^ dnimmesdubbe hath calld thS 
To chaunge their cbaunce for lottes (oftej little 

93. But here (me thinks] I heare some carping 
That barkes apace and killes me with his crie, [tang, 
One thinkes be sayes that all this genre goeth wroD^ 
When wrakes of warre are wrotte by such as I, 
Me thinkes I heare him still this teat applie. 
That euill may those prestime to teache a trade. 
Which nay tbemselues in Scbollers roome did wade. 

Since jet mine eyes the warres did neun- sec ; 
Therefore (say some) how fonde a foole is ha. 
That takes in hande to write of worthy WMT^ 
Which neuer yet bath come in any iaire? 

94. No iarre (good sir) yes yes and many ian«% 
For though mj peniie of curt«sie did puttt^ 
A difference twiit broyles and bloudje waiTe% 
Yet haue I shot M maister Bellums butte, 
And tfarowen hi* ball although 1 toucht no tuttt : 
I baue p»CBSe aa deepely dealt the dole. 
As he that hit the marke and gat the gole. 


95. FtaIi»i>»mKaBfuaiaitj*Ihuliyjig6»j»,^ 
And Beest in Flawnden die unong tbe rest. 

The bngge of BrngOt where WBi I tbnt daye ? 
Before tbe waile* good air u bnue u bat, 
And tfaougb I Durcht all unode withouten rest, 
Vmia denkntmigk and back againe that night. 
Yet niadde were he that would baue nude me luiight. 

96. So ma I one ftonooth that Icept the towne, 
Of jUntailHirglk » (withouten anj waUei) 
Ftom all tbe force that could be dresaed dowue, 
By Alba Duke for all hia crin and cbUm, 

A hi^ eiployte. Wee held the Flenuogi thralles, 
Seuen dayes and more without or braggeiorblowei, 
Fo all that while we neuer herd of foes. 

91. I wai ageine in trench before Tergoa, " 
(I date not ta; in liage for bothe mine eatrea) 
For loake as oft M euer Hell bnke low, 
1 mcnite a* often as the ^lainiih pearea. 
Made aalie fooith (I apeak thia to my pheares) 
It waa no more but which CoA for a groale. 
Such troupea we were to keepe them ip in coate. 

9S. Tet nirel; thi* witbouten biagge or boast. 
Our English bloudei did there full man; a deede, 
Which may be cbromcled in euery maste. 
Fur bolde attempts, and well it was agreed, 
That had their bcade* bene rulde by wane beede. 
Some other feale had bene attenltited then. 
To ibew their forre like worthie English men. 

99. Since that u«e nysde I romed htue about, 
In Zetland, HoUand, Woteiland, and aU, 
By sea, by land, by ayre, and all throughout. 
As leaping lottes, and chance did seeme to call, 
Mow here, now there, as fortune trilde tbe ball. 
Where good Guyllam of Nassau ^ badde me be, 
Thtxe needed I none other guyde but he. 

loa 1 

ss 8 Gyptiar 



To brake the Bowre«, and racke them 

Bieause they had do better cheere in al 

BeeA, Mutton, Capon, Plouer, Pidgeoni, Bore, 

AU tids was naught, and for no SouTdiouis toothe. 

Were these no iureg ? (apeake now Sir)yea fonoothe. 

101. And by my troth to apeake euen as it is, 
Sndi piankea were pUyde by Souldiouri dayly ther^ 
And ilxni^ my self did not tbiirein uniaac^ 
(AtGodheknoweaandmencan witnene beam,) 
Yet ance I bKl a charge, I am not eleare, 
Fbr Mldcnne climes that Captaine to renowne, 
Wboae Souldioun Ihults lo plucke Im boDDur dowue. 

103. Well let that puae I w» in rolling trench. 
At Baamtuu," where little tbotte was spent. 
For goldand gmatet their matches •till did quenche, 
Whwb kept £e Forte, and f«th at last Uny went. 
So [node for hunger (almost tenne dayes pent} 
That men could aee no wrincles in their faces, 
Thar ponder packt in cKuea and priuie places. 

Against Mountdragon^ whilea be did aasaie. 
To lande bis men along the udt aea aide, 
For weU he wiat that SoTHifiim went wide, 
And therfore sought with victuall to aupplie, 
Foore MybUtburuk which then in auddea did lie. 

104. And there I sawe full many a bold attempt. 
By seelie soulei best executed aye, 
And brauest braggea [the foemens force to tempt) 
Accomplished but coldely many a daye. 
The Souldiour charge, the leader lope away, 
The willing drumnie a luatie marche to aounde. 
Whiles ranke retyrers gaue their cnimies ground. 

lOj. Againe al Sea the Souldiour forward atil]. 
When Msrinera had little lust to fight. 
And whiles we ataie twiit faynte and forward will, 
Our enemies prepare themselues to flight, 
They boyste vp uiiie (o wearie worde to wright) 
They hoyste vp saile that lacke both streame and 

id still so for^ by frowarde i 

IOC. O victorie: (whome Haughty hattca do 

O spoyle and praye (which greedy '"■"'*»« tlesire) 
O golden heapes (for whom these Misen wonte 
To follow Hope which settea all hartea on fir«) 
O gayne, O golde, who list to you aspyre, 
And glorie eke, by bolde attempts to winne, 
Thei« was a day to take your prisooeiB in. 

107. The sbippearetyre with riches fiillyfraught, 

The Saul dioutB marche (mesne while) into die towne. 
The tide akorce good, the winde atark ataring naught. 
The haste so boate that (eore they sinke the aowne) 
Tbey came on ground, and strike all saylesadawne: 
While we (ay me] by backward aaylera ledde. 
Take vp the wont when all the best an fledde, 

108. Such trijjphs chance where lucfa lieutenits 

Where will commaundes when skill is out of towne, 
Where boldest bloudea are forced to recule, 
By Smme the boteswayne when he list to frowne. 
Where C^taynea crouch, and fiabers weAre the 

109. And in thaae hroylea (a bcMtly broyle 
My Colonell, and I tell at debate. 
So that I left both charae and office quite, 
A Csptaynes charge and eke a Martials Mate, 

1 10. My harte was high, I could not assnu 

In regiment where no good rules reinayne. 
Where ofBeers and su(£ as well deserue, 
Shall be abusde by euery page and awayne. 
Where discipline shall be but deemed Tayne, 
Where biockes are aliidde by stumblers at a stn 
And where selfe will must stande for maitiall la 

214 GASC 

111. Then tlimgi (with mo) I couU not leniu 

And thempon I crakt laj stafFe in two. 

Yet tUjde I Mill thougli out of pay I were. 

And leame to liue u priustc Souldiourm do, 

1 Jiu€d jct, liy God and Uclced too: 

Till at the lut when Beauiat Bedde unayne. 

Out c«mpe remavde loctniiM tte laiUe nn iStraytv .* 

. When 

fi Aiituntdngon came 

And like a Snuldiour Mt/dde&uTgh he kept, 
Sut coursge now was coldly come adowne. 
On either side ; sad quietly they atept, 
80 that my self from ZeUnd lightly lept. 
With full enlent to taste our English ale, 
Yet fint I ment to tell the Prince my tale. 

1 13. For tliough the warrea woxt colde in euery 
Aitd small eiperience wia there to be leene. 
Yet thought I not to parte in such disgrace, 
Although I lunged much to see our Quecne : 
For he that once a hyred man hath bene, 
Must take his Maistera Icaue before he goe, 
Unleiae he moHie to make his freend hu foe. 

1 14. Then 

Uoto t)i 

I nraight to Delfen, ■ plewaot 

( Prince, whose pasring Tertuea shine, 
And ynto him I came on knees adowne. 
Beseeching that lili excellence in fine. 
Would gtaunl me leaue to see this countrey mine ; 
Mm that I wearie was in warm to setue^ 
Nor that I ladtt what co I did deaerue. 

115. But for I found some coBtecke and ddMt^ 
In regiment when I was woont to rule, 
And for I founde the stale of their estate. 
Was forced now in townes for to recule, 
I craued leaue no longer but till yivk," 
And promist then to come againe Sanifiyle, 
To spende my blond where it might him auayle. 

1 1 1. The mbla Prince pne gnunt to my requot. 
And made ret passaporte signed with his Male, 
But when I wna with baggs »nd baggage prest, 
The Prince began to ring another peale. 
And sent tor me, (desiring for my weale) 
That 1 would stay a day or two, to see, 
What was die cause be sent sgaine for mee. 

117. My Colonel! was nowe come to the Conrte, 
Wth whume the Prince had many things to treala. 
And for he hoapte, in good and godlic sorte, 
Tweene him and me to woike a fricndlie &ate, 
H« like a gracious Prince his braines did beale, 
To set acconle betweene vs if lie might. 
Such psynes he toke to bring the wrong to right. 

lis. O noble Prince, there are too fewe like thee, 
If Vertue woke, she watcheth in thy will, 
If Justice Uue, then surely tliou art hee. 
If Grace do growe, it groweth with thee still, 
O worthy Prince would God I had the skill. 

Tc ^orled b)r cpurcn 


119. TherimplaSotlesdocoumpttbevsiinpletOO, 
Whose like for witta our age hath addome bredde. 
The ruyling roges mistruBt thou daieat not do, 
As Hector did'for whom the Oredans fledde. 
Although thou yet werte neuer scene to dredde. 
The elsnilrous tongues do say thou dtinkat to mndi. 
When God he knowes thy custome is not such. 

isa But wby do I in worthlesae Terae deuiae. 
To write his prays* that doth eieell so fiure? 
He heard our greeues himself in gtatious wis*. 
And mildly msnt to ioyna our angry iarra, 
He ment to make that we beganne to marre : 
But wicked wrath had some so Hm enraged. 
As by no meones tlieyr malice could be swaged 

21. In' 

Yet truth to tell (I speake it tor no pryde) 
I could not leane that Prince in such dinrassa. 
Which cared for me and yet the causa much lesac. 

1S9. But see mishappe how craflely it ctstpea 
Whiles fawning fortune fleareth full ia face. 
My heauie barte within my bellie weepea. 
To reckcn here a droppe of darke disgrace. 
Which fell vpon my pleasant pHgbt apace. 
And brought a packs of double and dumps to paaav. 
While* I with Prince in loue and fauour was. 

193. A woTtUe dame whose prayaa my pouw 

( My sworde shall eke hir honour still defaida) 
A louing letter to me did endight. 
And from the Campe the same to me did seode, 
I meane ftom Campe when foes thdr fiirce did 

She sent a brief vnto me by hIr mayde. 
Which at the gates ot JMfi was stoutriy staydc 

194. This letter tane, I was mistruMed mock. 
And thought a man that were not for to truste,^ 
The Burghers streight began to besie me gnitche. 
And cast a snare to make my necke be trust ; 

For when tbey had this letter well disctut, 
They sent it me by Ur that brought it so^ 
To trie if I would keepe it close or no. 

1 B5> I redde the Knes, and knuwing whence tbey 

My harmelesae harte began l« pwit apaccv 
Wei to be playne, I thought that neuer Dmm^ 
Should make me deate in any doubtful! ewe, 
Or do the thing might make me hide my boa i 
So that vnlo the Prince I went fortfawitfi, 
And shewed to trim of all this padie ttie pith. 

1£6. The thing God knowes was of no great 

Some freendly lines the Tertuous Lady wTota 
To me hir freend : and for my safe passepoitc^ 
The Campo-master Valdes his hand was goUa, 
And seole thercwitli, that I might safely trotl^ 



irt. And bare I ael la open Ttrm» to ibinr*, 
Tlw whole (OlKt wtwrfbre thia wok w» anrougbt, 
Sbe lud of iniDe (wbcreof few folka did knove) 
A CDunlerfkjte^ ■ thinf to me dcAre bought. 
Which thing to hww I man; timn bad : 
And when she knew bow much I did a 
SbecTowde that none bat I should I 


1S8. Lo here the ceiue of ell tfaii tecrete fleight, 
1 «we«re by loue that nothing eli wai ment. 
The noble Prince (who tawe that no deceipt. 
Was pradued) gaue iruM to mine entent : 
Aad teaue lo write Itihb wheoca the same wai •cut, 
Tet ilill the Bowgen-fBurghen ibould I (ajc) 
Fncra— tbor doubtea and watcht me daj b; daj. 

139. At auoy parte llWH (fonooth) belart,t> 
That I (dl grme Hi^muin*^ might not go out. 
But when tbeir taa came •kinniihing full flat, 
n^ with the nat the Gieoie knight fur them 

nea might St go whbotit nditruM or doubt : 

It cauM wh J, 

130. I was the fbole to flght in your defencet 
WUcb know no fteende, nor jet your (eloes ftill 

Tet thus you we bow paye pntclsymde for pence, 
PuUe* necdie Boules in rteadc of heeuen to hell, 
Aitd make* men hope to beare away the belL 
u they hang in rope* that oeuer rotte. 



a Dtffi a winters tyde. 

131. Well thus I dweh 
In Dejft (I aay) without one pennie pay 
Hy men and I did colde and hunger bids, 
To ehew our truth, and yet was neuer day, 
WberaD the ^auyard came lo make is play. 
But that the Greene knight waa amnngat the rest. 
Like Utn Grcyea bird* that Tenlred with tba beil.« 

132. At lart tlw Prince to Zeland came hhnielfe, 
To hunger Hiddlebui^h, or make it yeeld. 

And I tl^ neoer yet was aet on tbelf, 

When any sayld, or winde, or waueg could weeld. 

133. The force of Fltnmdat, Braianl, GMrrt, 
HenauB, Artayt, Lt/tgdan^, and J m emftrBBg*, 
Were all ybeni, to bryng in new suppliea 
To MydilelMrgh .- and little all enough, 
For why the Gttuli*' would neyther bend nor bough. 
But one of force muit brake and come to nought. 
All Watktrn** theirs, ai Fbi^yng dearly bought. 

w 'nw ijleiaBuateAt Ti 

It did one day tba Frlnee (my eUefkayne) jilasa. 
To aaka me thus : Oaacaigne (quoth be) you dwcH 
AmiMigit ts Mill 1 and thmby Mcmetb well. 
That to our side you bean a &itfafull harte. 
For else long since weihould haue leene you atartK 

135. But are (aayde be) your Souldionis by your 

Princa (quoth I] full many iajm be paat. 
Since that my charge did wiA my Cronell glyd* -. 
Yet byde I here, and mcane to be with lasli 
And for fidi prooft that thii is not a blail 

Of glorious talka : I craue nme flaber boatt^ 
To abew my farce among thia ftirioua AoMa. 

136. The Prince gan like my (sylh and fatmti 

Equyppt s Hoye** and set hir mder sayh^ 

WbRvin I aenied according w my ikill, 

My rainde was such, mycunningf could not quayls) 

Withouten bragge of tboie that did aaaayla 

The faemens fieete which came in good aray, 

1 put my aelfb in formost ranke alway. 

I long aa water 

13T. Three dayea wee fought, ai 

And come to ancor neygfabourtike yfeere. 

The IMnce himselfe to i • ■ ■ 

Sloode euery day attending on the peere. 

And might behold what batle went formost lliere ; 

HI haite had he that would not itoutely fight. 

When as hli Prince ii present itill in right. 

138. At lest our foes had tidings ouer lande. 
That neare to ArgA" their fellowes went lo wrack. 
On Schrld'» they mette by Rumermaea a bande 
Of EdtUbloett, *9 who put thor force ahacke, 
Lenti dt Baytott*" did put them (here lo sacke. 
And lo*t an eye, bicBune he would resemble 

Don luliant, ^' whome (there] he made to tremble> 

139. When this was kuowen Soncio de AvOa,*'' 
Who bad the charge of tho» that fought with n. 
Went Tp the Honl" and tooke the ready way. 
To Anaerjie townr ; leaning in dsunger thus, 
Poore Mudd^urgk which now wait dolorous. 
To see ail hope of succour shrinke away, 
Whiles they lackl bread and had done many a day. 

140. And when Mmintdragon mi^t no mora 

He came to talke and lendred all at last, 
With wbome I was within the Citlie sure. 
Before he went, and on his promisse past. 
Such trust I hod W thinke his fayth was fast ; 
I dinde, and supt, and laye within the towne, 
A days before be was from thence ybowne. 

141. Thus iGdHAargh, Arnem, and all the rest. 
Of Walkem lie became the Princes pray, 

Who gaue to me bycause I was so prest. 
At such a pLnche, and on a difimall day, 
Three hundretb gildenii good aboue my pay. 
And bad me bide till his abiiitie. 
Might better gwerdon my Gdelilie. 

u Rlued Tp and AiUr tUmlihed.. 

fii6 C. 

143. IirflliiotliflitbMeOIIilenupleaidniewell, 
And mncfa ihe more bycaiue they came menu 
Though nol Tnneeded aa my fortune fell, 
But yet thereby my eredite still was saued, 
My diores were payde, and with the best I bn 
Till (lo) at last, an Englibti newe relief, 
Came ouer terns, and Cheater nas their chief. 

143. Of tfaeae the Piince penwaded me to take, 
A baud in charge iritb Coronela conacat. 
At whose requests I there did vndertake. 
To make mine ensgne once a^^ne full bent, 
And looth to say, it was my full enlent. 
To loose the sadle or the horse to wiiuie. 
Such haplease hope the Prince had bmughl me 

144. Souldiours behold and Captaynei marke it 

How hope is harbenger of all mishappe,''' 
Some hope in honour for to beare tbe bell. 
Some bopa for gaine and venture many a clappe, 
Some hope for trust and light in treasons lappe. 
Hope leades the way our lodging to prepare, 
Where high mishap (ofte) keepes an Inne of care. 

145. I hoapt to shew such force agaynst our foes, 
Thatthoseof JJef^ might see how true I was, 

1 hopt ID deede for to be one of those [passe. 

Whomc fame should follow, wbere my feete should 
I boapt for gaynes and founde great losse alas : 
I hoapt to winne a woitliy Souldiours name. 
And light DO lucke which brought me still to blame. 

146. In VaSlenbvrgh fa fort but new begonne) 
With otbers moc I was ordeynde to be, 

And foire befome the worke were half way done. 
Our foes set forth our sorie seate to see. 
They came in time, but cursed time for mee. 
They came before the courtinc raysed were, 
One ooely foote aboue the trcnchM there. 

147. What should we do, fotire ensignes lately 

J^ue hundreth men were all the buike we bare. 

Our enimies three thousand at tlie least, 

And BO much more they might alwayes prepare: 

But that most was, the trulli for U> declare, 

We bad no stive of poudcr, nor of pence, 

Not meate to eate, nor meane to make defence. 

To get such gea» If once we should be shut. 
And God he knowes, the EngUsh Souldiours gnt. 
Must haue his fill of ijctualles once a day. 
Or els he will but homely eame his pay. 

151. To scuse ourseluo, and Coronell witball. 
We did foretell the Prince of all these needea. 
Who promised alwayes to be our wall. 

And badde vs trust as tniely as our creedes. 

That all good wordes should be pcrfonnd with 

And that before our foes could come so neare, 
He would both send vs men and meirie cheare. 

152. Yea Robyn Hoode, our foes came downe 

And firat they charade another Forte Ukewiae, 
Alphen I meane, which was a stronger place. 
And yet to weake to keepe in warlike wise. 
Fine other bandes of English Fanteries, *^ 
Were therein set for to defend the same. 
And them they chargdc for lo beginne tbe gaow, 

153. This Forte &d ours was distant ten good 

I mesne such myles as English measure makes, 
Belwcene vs both stoode Leydta Cowne therewhilea. 
Which euerie day with feyre Hordes vndertakn. 
To feede vs fat and cramme vs vp with cakes. 
It made vs hope it would supplie our neede, 
For we (to it] two Bulwarkea were in deede. 

154. But when it came vnto the very pincb^ 
Leyden farewell, we might for Leydm sterue, 

I like him well that promiseth an inche. 
And payes an ell, but what may he deserue 
That flatters much and con no fajth obscrue 7 
And old sayd sawe, that fayre woides make foolem 

Which prouerbe true we proued to our paynct 

148. Here » 

Which would presume in such a place to hyde, 

And not foresee fhow euer went the gome) 

Of meate and shotte our souldiours to prouide : 

^Vho so do say haue reason on their side. 

Yet proues it still Ithough ours may be the blot) 

That warre seemes sweete to such as know it not. 

149. For had our forte bene fully fortified. 
Two thousand men had bene but few enow, 
To man it once, and had the truth bene tried. 
We could not see by any reason how, 
The Prince could send yb any succour now. 
Which was canstreynd in townes Iiimself to shield. 
And had no power to ibew his force in field. 

150. Herewith we had nor powder pockt in store. 
Nor flash, nor fiabe. in poudiing tubbes yput, 

" Hofe ii Ihe b tiliMnei tfnlshippa 

1S5. A conference among our selues we cald. 
Of Officen and Captayoes all yfeet«. 
For truth {lo uA\) the Souldiours were apalO. 
And when we askt, nowe mates what merie cheere? 
Their aunswere was : it is no bidyng hei«. 
So that psrforce we must from thence be gone, 
Uiilesse we ment to keepe the place alone. 

y that we were much to 156. Herewith we thought dial if in dme we wod^ 

Before all stroghts were Etopt and taken vp. 

We might (perhaps) our enimics preuent, 
And teach them eke to taste of' sorowes cuppe. 
At ilBtUand Sluyte, wee hoped for to suppe. 

To keepe them out which tooke it after too. 

n. Whiles thus we talke, a messenger behold. 
From Aljihen came, and told vi heauy newes, 
Captayncs (quod he) hereof you may be bold^ 
Not one poore soule of all your fellowes crewe^ 
Can scape aliue, they haue no choyse to chuse : 
They sent me thus to bidde you shif^ in tjma, 
£la looke (,like them] to stjcke in Spaioish lime. 

15B. Thus tale once tolde none other ipeedi 
But packe and trudge, al leysure was to loog. 


To mend* the turte, our wUcbe (which oeuer 
Descried our foa which nurcbed mil Uong, [&;kle) 
And towmrdi n began in hut to throngi 
So that before our lagte could paue the porte, 
m were now within the Forte. 

1J9. I promcM oiks and did perfoniie it too, 
To bide tberan as long as an;r would. 
What booted that? or what could Captaynes doo, 
When common none would tarie for no gould 7 
To veake a tnth, the good did what the; could. 
To kcepe the badde in rankcs and good uaye, 
But labour lost to bold that will away. 

lea It needelcHB were to tell what deedea were 

Nor wbo did brat, nor who did wont that da;. 
Nor who made head, nor who began to ninne. 
Nor in retmte what chief wai lailt alway, 
Bitt Souldiour like we held our enimlea pUy : 
And eaaj Captajue itiwie to do hit bca^ 
To il>y bii owne and so to ita; tbe reat. 

Ifil. In tlutfetynthreeEn^ 
Witfa to b« foe* and ahot aa thi 
Of vboM cboyce men full GItie i 
We layed on ground, this is wit] 

lb milea we tioddt 
ke M hayle, 
lulea and odde, 
>u(en fayle, 
by tale 

169. Thus came we late at last (o Leydea wallei. 
Too late, too soone, and so may we well say. 
For Dotwlthttanding all our cries and calles, 
They shut their gales and tumd their eares away : 
In fine tbey did forsake rs euery way, 
And badde vs shifle to siue outseluea apace. 
For <>tilo them were fonde to trust for grace. 

163. They nntber gaue ts meate to feede vpon, 
Ifoc drinke, nor powder, pickar, (oole nor spade. 
So might we Eterue, like misen woe begone, 
And ttoA our foes, with blowes of English blade, 
Fiw ibotte was shronke, and shift could none be 

Witlwnt defense trom shotte our lelura to sbielde. 

164. TUs thus wel weyed, whc weary night was 

Aid day gan pecpe, wee heard the Spainiah 
Which sBnke a mardie about ts round to cast. 
And foorth witball tbeir EnMgnes quickly comes. 
At sight whereof, our Souldiours bitte their thomes: 
For well they wist it was no boofe to flie. 
And biding there, there was no boole but die. 

1 S5. So that we aent a drumme to lummone lalke, 
And cam* to PoriK middle way betweene, 
Jfyminr de Licfoeh and Mnno did walke. 
From foanou ade, and from our side were seene, 
M7 adf, that matche for Mario migtit bene ; 
And Captayne SuffM borne of noble race, 
Xo T— *-*" dc lioqva, which there was chief in place. 

166. Ttnu met we lalkt, and Btoode vpon our toes, 
Widi great dcmaundea whome little might content. 
We ensued not onely frccdome from our foes,. 
But afaippyng eke with saylct. and all full bent, 
TofiomaaniiM&onl whence we flr« were went: 

Which soyle was sura, and might cnntenl 
1ST. An old sayde sawe, (and ofte m 


Thou conule to craue, and doubtat for to obti^no, 
IniquMM, pelt (then) W apaanjerat. 
This had I heard, and lure I was full byne, 
To prone what profile we thereby might gayne : 
But at the last when time waa Molea away. 
We were full gladde to play anather play. 

168. We rendred then with aafetie tar oai Unet, 
Our Enfignea splayed, and manyging our anuea. 
With iiirdcr&iytb, that frotn all kind* of giuea. 
Our souldiours should rentayna witbouten hammi 
And sooth to say, tbete were no false allarmc^ 
For irtiy ? they were within twelue daye* discharge^ 
And sent away from pryion quite enlarged. 

169. Tley were aent home, and we temajned 

In pryaon pent, but yet right gently vaed. 
To take our liuea, it was not Lic^utt will, 
(lliat noble blood, which neuer man abused,] 

ITO. We bode behind, foure monetht or little 

But whererpon that Cod he knowes not I, 
Yet if I might be boide to giue a gcsse, 
Tiiea would I say it was for to espie. 
What rauosome we would pay contentedly : 
Or eb to know how much we were cMeemde, 
In England here, and for whit men ydeemde. 

ITI. Now so it were, at last we were dispatcht. 
And borne we came as children come from schoolet 
As gladde, aa fishe which were but lately catchl^ 
And straight againe were cast into the poole ; 
For by my fay I coumpl him but a foole. 
Which would not rather poorely liuc at large, 
Hian rest in pryion fedde with costly charge. 

ITS. Now haue I tolde a tedious tale in rimi^ 

1, and what ill lucke I had, 
r, that all to lowdc I chime, 

And many a man in pryson would be gladde, 
To fare no wone, and lodge no worse than we^ 
And eke at last to sc^tt and go to free. 

ITS. I muM confesse that both we wen well Tsei^ 
And promise kept according to contract. 
And that nor wee, nor Souldiours were abused. 
No rigour shewed, nor louely dealing lackti 
I must confesse that we were neuer rackt. 
Nor forst to do, nor speake agaynst our will. 
And yet I coumpt it froward fortune still. 

1 74. A truth it is (since warres are ledde by chaunee^ 
And none so stoute but that sometimea may fall,) 
No man on earth his honour nught aduaunce. 
To render better (if he once were thrall) 
Why who could withe more comforte at hii call, 
TJian for to yeeld with ensigne full displayde, 
And all aim** borne in warlike wise for ayde ? 


175. Or who could wiiba dlipatdM with greater 

Than souldioim famd which tAried bo few da^eB ? 
Or whp could wiafae, more succour Bt hii neede, 
Thui vsed was to tliem at all aauyes? 
Bread, meate, and diinLe, jca wigmu in their wajM, 
Td ease the ucke and hurte which could not go, 
All tane in watras, are Beldome vsed lo. 

I TG. Or who could wishe (to e*«e his c<q>tiue dajre*) 
More libeitie than on fai« fajth to rert? 
To eate and drinke at Baroni horde alwaTei, 
To He on downe, to banquet with the be«t. 
To baue all things, at euei? lust request, 
To borowe coyoa, when any aeemde lo lacks, 
To bane hia owne, away with him to packe ? 

117. All this and more I must confene we bad, 
God saue (say 1) our noble Queene therforc. 
Hint: UUr lac/irima, there lays the psdde. 
Which mad* the Miswe suspected be the more. 
For trust mc true, thej coueted fuU sore. 
To keepe our Qneene and conntrie fut their tmaita. 
Till all their warm might gnrw to luckie endes. 

17S- But ware that once to happy ende ybrougfat. 
And all stray sheepe come home agayne lo folde. 
Then looke to dore : and thioke the at is nought, 
Althou^ &he let the mouse from out hir holde : 
Beleue me now, me thinkea I dare be bolde, 
To thinke that if Ibey once were Ireendes againe. 
We might wone sell, all freendship founds in Spain*. 

179. Well these are woorde* and fam beyod my 

Yet by the way reccyue them well in worth) 
And by the way, let neuer Licguei qipeach 
Hy rayling penne, for thoughe my minde abhorrth, 
All Spainish prankes : yet must 1 thunder forth 
His worthy praysc, who held his layth vnataynedt 
And euermore to v* a freend remayned. 

ISO. Why sayed I then, that n-arre is fhll of woes? 
Or sowre of taste, to them that know it beat? 
Who so demaundes, I will my minde disclose. 
And then iudge you the burdens of my biesl: 
Marke well my wordes and you shall finde him blest, 
That medleth least with warres In any wise, 
But quiet Hues, and all debate defies. 

181. For though we did with truth and honour yeeld, 
Yet yeelding is alwayes a great tfsgrace, 
And though we made a braue retyre in field. 
Yet who retyres, doth alwayes yeeld hii place: 
And though we neuer did our selues embase. 
But were alwayes at Barons table fedde. 
Yet better were at home with Barlie br^de. 

192. I leaue to tell what losse we did suMalne, 
In pens, in psy, in wares, and readie wealth, 
Since all such trash may gotten be againe, 
Oi wasted wtll at home by priuie stelth : 
Small losse hath he which all his liuing selth. 
To aiue his life, when other heipe is none. 
Cast vp the saddle when the horse is gone. 

1 B3. Bat what 1 sayde, I say and sweare againe, 
For first we were in HuUande sore suspect. 
The sUtes did thinke, that with some filtbie gaine 
The Spainiah pecrci TS Captaina had intect. 
They thought wa UNOt our ensignes to erect 

184. Againe, the Kings men (oody Licqua* except. 
And good Vardugo*"} thought we were loo well. 
And that we were but playde with in respect. 
When as their m«i in great distrease did dwell : 
So that with hate their burning hartee did avell. 
And bad hang v/t or drowne rs euerfdiaDe, 
These booci we had alway to byte rpon. 

IB5. This sause we had TUto our costly Are. 
And euery day we threabied were in deede. 
So that on boUi sides we must byde the care. 
And be mistrust of euery wicked deede. 
And be reuilde, and must ou'r setues yet feede 
With iingring Hope, to get away at last. 
That self same Hope wbiche tyed vs there so faaC 

1 S fi. To make TpaU,aurownemen playde Ibdr parte. 
And rang a peale to make tb more mystrust. 
For when they should sway from rs dapait^ 
And sawe tb byde, they thought we stayed for lust. 
And Bent them so in sacnte to be trust : [solde 

They thought and sayde, thus haue our Ca^^aiDCs 
Us ^ly Boules, for groates and glistring golds. 

1 B7. Tea, when they were to England safely brought. 
Yet talkte the; still euen as they did before : 
For slaundrouB tongues, if once they tattle ought. 
With mickell paye will chaunge tb^ wicked lore : 
It hath bene proued fiill many dayes of yore. 
That he which once in slander takes delight. 
Will Beldome frame his woordes to Bounde aright. 

188. Stimunee tale to tell, we that had set them free. 
And set ourselues on sandes for their eipeoce. 
We that remaynd in daunger of the tree. 
When they were safe, we that were their defence. 
With armes, with cost, with deedes, with eloqnenoO : 
We that saued such, as knew not where to flie. 
Ware now by them accusde of trecheiic 

ISS.These fruits (Isay) in wicked waireslfound^ 
Which make me wryte much more than else I would. 
For lOBse of life, or dread of deadly wounde, 
Shalt neuer make me blame it though I could. 
Since death doth dwell on eueiie kinde of mould : 
And who ia wsire hath caught a fatall clappe, 
Might chaunce at home lo haue no better happc 

190. So loase of goodes Bhall Dcuer trouble DM, 
Since God which giues can take when pleueth luia> 
But losse of &me or slaundred so to be. 
That makes my wittes to bnake absue their brimm^ 
And frettes my harte, and lames me euery limme: 
For Noble minds thor hanour more eateeme. 
Than worldly wights, or wealth, or life can dcema, 

t9I> And yet in warres, such gnfies of grudge do 
Such lewdnesse lurkes, sudi malice makes mischiaC 
Such enuie bibles, such fUshood be doth blowa. 
That Bountie bumes, and truth is called thief. 
And good desertes are brought into such brief. 
That Slaunder snufTe which sweares the matter oat. 
Brings oftentimes the noblest names in dotibt. 



IM. Tba wbatbM I be oi 
Or Grwdj miutle, or Miia in decay, 
I ia]rde and say that for mine ovne poore parte, 
I may ctmTtMe tbax Belliuu cimy way, 
bSweete: but bow? (bean well my woonlei awmy) 
Fonoalh, to such as neuci did it trie. 

193. O n ^le Queene, >' whoK high fomight pro- 
HM wast of waiTC, your realmes doth ihk desuoye. 
But pkanunt peace, and quiet luncord glydei. 
In euery coait, to driue fwt dariie anoye, 
O TCTtuoiH dame, I wy PardoiKi nugr, . 
That 1 presume in worthlesae - - - - — 
TliaiDfaitioiB Prince, hia duelii 

194. TouT*lulfullmiDde(0 QueeueHithoutcom- 
Can aoone conceyue that cauie constiaynea me lo. 
Since wicked wanes hwie bredde such cruell care. 

Wlarii reape diereby none other worth but wo : 
WUlei you (mcaoe while) enioy the fruil«a of peace. 
Still pr^iiug God, whose bounties neucr cease. 

195. If you (my liege) Touchsafe in giatiouB wise, 
To p«don that which paneth from my Muae, 
llien core I not what other kings deuise, 
tn warrea deftnie : nor though they me accuse. 
And say that I thdr bloudie deedea abuse ; 
Tour (Hwly grace my soumigne Lttdj be. 
Let other I^igs thioke what tbey list of me. 

19G. And yoo my Lordes'B to wboDMlduelieaowe, 
And beare sucb loue as beat becommeth me. 
Pint Earle oT Bedford, whome I right well know. 
To booour annes : and woorthle Warwyke be. 

197. Tong Oienford as toward as the best, 
Notdnunberland, and Ormount woorthy prayse, 
Lyncolne, Kildore, and Worster with the rest 
Of noble Earlei, which hold your happy dayes 
In higb renovme, as men of wane alwayes : 
Viih othen mo lo many to recite, 
Voocbsafi: my Lordes lo pardone that I ^rtite. 

Isa.OrWilton Grey (to whome these rimes I wrote 
Wttb all tbe Banms bold of English soyle, 
I humbly craue that it may be fbrgotte, 
Altbough my Mu>e baue seemde to keepe a coyle 
With lugbly men which put the weake to fbyle : 
J meat not you aince, by your deedes appeeres, 
Yoo rule with rigkt, like wise and worthy pearea. 

199. Right r eue i e u d, of Canterhnry chiefe, 
LoDdon, and Lincoln, BUhoppes by your nsmc, >0 
OoDd Beane ef Pawles (which lend a great relief. 
To naked neede) and all the rest of Ume, 
In |i«a(iiiii place : widi whome [ were too blame. 
If Neoynsone my muster were not ploate, 
ante tjj bia helpe I learning first emb m s te . 

'' Mnce. *' tigbUitit " PreUdc. 

SOO. Bean with myTtfne, and tfalBkaliacDtBotyo^ 
Whereas I spake of pride in Prelacie, 
But let it bide euen there where first it giew. 
Till God vouchsafe to quench hjpocride, 
Which by pretence to punish Iietetie, 
Doth conqueierealmes, and common concords brcake, 
You know my mind, I neede no playuer speake. 

901 . Tongemmeeof JuMic(^ctiie& of eitberbcach, «> 
And be that keepes hir Maiealic* great seoJe, 
Good Quceoes attorney, he wboae pittiea auancb 

And Sergeant Lcuebce, many ways my friend. 
As J haue found (yet let nw there not eml,) 

90S. But hold my tale to Rugge and all the rcrt 
Of good Greyta lone, whoe honest YelosrtoD, 
And I per it sometimca yftere did rest, 
Wben amilie first in our biests begonne. 
Which shall andure as long oa any Sunne 
May shine on earth, or water (wimma in Seas, 
l^ not my Tsise your lawlike minds diqilease, 

90S. For well wot you, our master Cliriat himielf^ 
Which bad but tweluc Apostles in his trayn^ 
Had ludss yet, which aolde for worldly pelfe 
Our Souiour : this text is true and plaync ; 

904. In Chancerie I neede no man siispect, 
Snce conscience, in that court beeteth sway. 
Yet in the same I may no wayes neglect. 
Not worthy Powle, nor Cordell by the way. 
Of wbome that one, is of my keq>e the keye. 
That other once did lende me such aduise. 
As was both lounde and good, had I bene wise. 

305. Hetoldemeonce,(Ibeareilirelliaminde, 
And shall it nay forget whyles lyfe doth last) 
That harde it is a noble name lo finde, 
In iucb attempts as then in seruice past t 
Beleue me now T founde his wordca no blast, 
Wbeiftnr I pray both him and his compeeie. 
To beare with that which 1 haue written beers. 

SOG. And as fiir Merclianis, *■ though I flnde the 
Hard harted men and compdng cunninEly, Fmost 
Yet Albany sImII thinke I do not boast 
In rayling wise : for sure his curtede, 
Constreynes me now to prayse him worthely. 
And gentle Rows with LuntlyeO' make me soy. 
That many Merchaunia beare auen what they may. 

COT. But to conclude, I meane no mora bnt thus. 
In all estate* some one may treade awrye. 
And he that list my verses to discusse. 
Shall see I ment no more, but mkodestly 
To wame tbe wise, thai tbey such faults do lie 
As put downc peace by couine or debate, 
Since warre said strife bryng wo to etiery state. 


Go little Booke, God graunt thou none oAend^ 
ror so meant bee wbicii soitghi to set thee foortb. 

It irbere So1<Sb> leeme t 

And when thou 


Submit Ihj lelfe aa writte but little woorth : 
Coofease withill, Chat ttaou hist bene too bolde. 
To Bpeak so plmine of Uau^htie bartes in place, 
Aod say tliat he which wrote thee couide haue totde 
Full man; a tale, of blouda that were not base : 
He couide haue writte Dan Uudleyet noble deedea. 
Whose like hath «nce bene harde on earth to flnde, 
Although his Vertue ihewes it selfe in Seedea, 
Whlcb treade hii bHcki, and come not farre behinde. 
He might haue aung of Grej the woorthie prayie, 
Who*e ofspring holdes the honor of his lire : 
He ooulde declue what Wallop was alway es, 
What AwdeLe seemde, what Randetl did require. 
He couide aay what desertes in Drewrie be. 
In Reule, in Bryckwcll, and a meany moe : 
But baahfulnesee did make him hlual^ least he 
Should but eclypie their fimei bj singing so. 
Suffiwth tfaia, that still he hooon thosu 
Which wade in wbitc* to get a woorthie name. 
And least esteemei the grecdie uiudge, which goe* 
To gayne good golds, without rcspecte of fame. 
And for the thirde sorte, those that in dysb^sse 
J>o diiue their dayes, till drummes do draw them out. 
He coumptB him selie to bee nor more nor lewe. 
But euen the same : for sure withouten doubt. 
If drummes once sounde ■ lustie maitch in deede. 
Then fkrewell bookes, for he will trudge with speede. 

Who soeuer is desirous to reade this propasicion 
more at large and cunningly handled, let him but 
peruse the Prouerbe or adage it self in the first 
Centurion of the fourth Chyllyade of that famouae 
Clarke Enamut Soterodamua .■ the wliiche ia there 
ijgo Entituled i Dulct beUum mtxpettit. 


Tuc figure of this world I can compare, 
To Gai^en plota, and such like pietuaunt places. 
The world breedes men of sundry shape and share, 
Ai hearbes in gardeim, grow of sundry graces i 
Some good, some bad, some amiable faces. 
Some foule, some gentle, some of froward mind, 
Subiect like bloome, to blast of etieiy wind. 

And aa you see the floures most fresh of hew. 
That they prauc not alwayea the holesomeit. 
So fayrest men ar« not slwayes found true : 
But euen as witlired wcedcs fall from the rest. 
So latteren fall naked from their neast ; 
When truth hath tried, their painting tising tale. 
They loose thdr gtoae, and all their iesU seeme sule. 

Yet some do present pleasure most esteeme, 
mi beamei of brauerie wither all their welth. 
And some agaync there be can rightly deeme, 
TboM betbes tm best, which may maiutone their 

Considering wdl, that age drawea on by tidth. 

Then thus the re«lesse lif% which men boe leade. 
May be resembled to the tender plant, 
In spring it sprouts, as babes in cradle breede, 
Floiish in May, like youtbes that wisdome want. 
In Autumne ripes and rooles, least store waieskanta 
In winter shrinks and shrawdes euery blas^ 
Like crooked age when lusty youth b past. 

And as the grounde or grace whereon it grew^ 
Was fatte or leane, euen so by it appesres. 
If barreyn suyle, why then it chaungetfa faewe. 
It ladeth taste, it flits to fumbling yeares. 
But if he gathered roots amongst his feeiea. 
And light on lande that was well muckte in deede. 
Then otaudes it still, or leaues increase of seede. 

As fiw the reste, fail aundrie wayes (God wot) 
Some &yBt lyke froathe at euery little pufTe, 
Some smarts by swoorde, Uke hearbes that seme A« 

And some be weeded liom the finer stuSe, 
Some staode by proppes to maynteyne all thedi title : 
And thus (rnder correction bee it tolde) 
Hath Gascoigne gathered in his Garden molde. 
Himd ictat tapio. 

Ir any floure that here is growne. 
Or any hea>i>e may ease your payne. 
Take and accomple it as your owne. 
But recompence the lyke agayne: 
For some and some is honest playe. 
And su my wyfe taughte me to saye. 


If here to walke you take delight, 
Why come, and welcome when you i. 
If I bidde you suppe here this night, 
Bidde me an other time, and still 
Thinke some and some is honest playe. 
For to my wife taught me to saye. 

Thus if you suppe or dine with mee. 
If you walke here, or mtte at ease. 
If you desire the ^ng you see, 
And haue the same your minde Is please, 
Thinke some and some is tMoeat player 
And so my wife taught me to saye. 
Haad ictus lapio. 

Ir thou ntte here to viewe tins pleasant garden 

place, [floures deface : 

Think thus ; at last will come a &ost, and all thcM 

Betoemberdeathbringifinallreat loall ouregtveu- 

So whether for delight, or here thou aitte for raif. 
Thinke still Tpoa the latter day, so (halt thou God 

best please. 

Hm4 ktxa mA>, 



Vpon B Ktaae In tbe mil of iam Ouden be had 
written the yean wherrin he did the c«te oT these 
deuiae^ niA tberewithall thia poaie in Ltiii& 

OAacoiONEs ToTAfiE nrro hollaiide, / 

A araAOiiai conceyte, a va^ne of ncwe delight, 

Twiit weale and woe, trriite ioy and bitter griefe, 

Hath pricked foorth my baatie penne to write 

This woonhiesae vene in haiarde of repreefe : 

And to miue Aldttlieueit^ Lorde I muU endite 

A wofull case, a chippe uf sone chauuca, 

A tipe of beuien, a liuel; bew of hell, 

A Kare to fall, a hope of high aduance^ 

A lUb, a death, a diearie tale to telL 

But unce I luiow the pith uf my pastauoce 

SbOl moat coiisiit in telling of s truth, 

Vouchsafe my Lord (en bun grJ") tot to tdte 

This teustie ule the ttoiie of my youth, 

Tfai* Chronicle which of my lelfe I nuke. 

To shew Btj Lord what healpleiae h^ipe ensewth. 

When heddy youth will gad without a guide. 

And ruinge Totide in leas of libertie, 

Or wbui bare neede a starting hole hatb spide 

To peepe abroade from mother Miseiie, 

And buildeth Castels in the Welkin wide. 

In hope thereby to dwell with wealth and ease^ 

But be the Lo«l (wbome ray good Lord doth know) 

Can bind or lose, as best to him shall please. 

Can saue or spill, rayse vp or ouerthroire, 

Can gaui with griefe, and yet tlie payne appease. 

Which thin^ to proue if so my Lord take time, 

SVhcD gnster cares hia head shall not potaate) 
atte and reads this raungiag ragged rime, 
I doubt not then but that he will coofeiKe, 
What fallB 1 found when but I leapt to clime. 
In March it was, that cannot I forget, 
In this last March vpon the nintenth day, 
Wboi from Grauesend in boate I gan to ietle 
To bocsde our sbippe Jo Quinborough that lay. 
From whence tbe reiy twentieth day we set 
Ow HylEs abrade to slice the Salt sea fome. 
And ancon weyde gan trust tbe trustleue Baud : 
Tlat day and Digbt amid tbe waues we rome 
To iiilr the coast of Holland where it itoode. 
And on the neit when we were fane from home. 
And nearc the hauen whereto we sought to sayle, 
A feariy chaunce ; (wheroon alone to thinke) 
Hy iMOde now quakes, and all my senses fayle) 
Gan Ti befall : tbe Pylot gan to sbrioke. 
And all agaate his courage seemde to quayle. 
Wlwraat amaied, the Maister and his mate 
Gan aake the cause of bis so sodeyne chaunge. 
And fram alofte the Stewarde of our state, 
(The founding plumbe) in baste posle hast mus 

To tryo the depth and goodnesse of our gate. 
Mee th™^"* (euen yet) I beare his heauie Toyce, 
Fadome three', ibure,fiM>te more, foote lease, that 

Ha thinka I heare the fearefull wbispring ooyi^ 
Of anch aa sayde full toftely (me beside) 
Cod gnumle tliia ioumey cause va to reioyce. 

When I poors aoule, whldi close in caban taye. 
And there had reacht till gaule waa welneare buf*t 
With giddie bead, my stumbling steppes must stay 
To lo^e abroade as boldly as I dunL 
And whyles 1 hearken what the Ssylen aaye. 
The fownder sings, fadame two full no more 
Aloofe, aloofe, then cried the Maister out, 

~ " I to sende ti from the shore, 

whereof wee eant had doubt, 
Tweene two eitreeme thus were we loaaed acre. 
And went to hull*, mtill we leyiurc had 
To lalkg at large, and eke to know tbe cause 
What moode had made our Pylot looke so sad. 
At last tbe Dutcbe with butterbitten iawem, 
( For so he was a Dutche, a Deuill, a awsdde, 
A foole, a drunkarde, or a tiaytour tone) 
Gan aunswere thus ; GAy tiii te vnesh > here come, 
Tim niel gcet tal ' and standing all alone, 
Gan preache to ts, which fbolea were all and some 
To trust him foole, in whom there skill was none. 
Or what knew wee if Albaea subtill brayoe 
So to preuent our enteipryse by treason) 
Had bim subomde to tice vs to this trayne 
And so biro selfe (per Company and season) 
For spite, for bale, or else for tuqie of gayne. 
Tills must we thinke that Alba'' woold not spare 
To giue out gold for such a nnfull deede : 
And glistriog gold can oftentimes ensnare. 
More perfect wits than Holland soyle doth breede. 
But let that passe, and let vs now compare 
Our owne fVmd fact with this hia foule offence. 
We knew him not, nor where he wond that titne, 
Nor if he had Fylota experience, 
Or PyUta crafte, to cleare him selfe from crime. 
Yea more than that (how voyde were we of sense) 
We had small smacke of any (ale he tolde. 
He pDwrde out Dutch to drowne ti all in diinke. 
And we [wise men) vppon his words were bolde. 
To runne on hud : but let me now bethinks 
The masters speech : and let me so vnfold 
The depth of all this foolish ouersight. 
The master spake euen Uke a skilfuU man. 
And sayde I sayle tile Seaa both day and night, 
1 know the tides as well as other can, 
l^m pole to pole 1 can the courses pHght : 
I know France, Spaine, Greece, Deiunarke, Dgnak 

and all, 
Friae, Flauoders, Holland, euery coast I know. 
But truth to tell, it seldome doth befall, 
That English merchants etier bend their bowe 
To shoote at Breyll, where now our flight should (idl. 
They send their shafYs Carder for greater gayne. 
So that this hauen is yet (quoth he) Tnkouth,^ 
And God gnuint now that England may attune 
Such gaines by Breyll, (a goapell on that mouth) 
As is desired : thus iqiake the master playne. 
And aince (aaide he] my selfe knew not tbe aown^ 
How could I well a better Pylot fynde. 
Than this (which first) did aaye be dwelt in townei 
And knew the way where euer sat the wynde ? 
While we thus (alke, all sayles are taken downe. 
And we to hull (as earst 1 saydj gan wend, 
Till full two houiea and aoniewbat more were paa^ 
Our guyde then i^ake in Dutch and bad vs txnid 
All sayles againe ; for now quod he (at last) 
Die tiU it goett dot heb id arei bekend," 

* Whpn iJ] u^lrt are tsU downe. 




Wb; Mwje I long to coda » wofiill tab ? 

We tnnt bii Dutch, and ip tbe forauyle goet. 

We fffl