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(Record 




VOL XXIII. 



QUARTER SESSIONS RECORDS 



FOR THE 



COUNTY OF SOMERSET. 

VOL. I. 

JAMES I. 
i6o7-i625. 

EDITED BY 

THE REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. 



PRINTED FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY. 



^907. 



"Bfl 
(JO 



LONDON: 
HARRISON AND SONS, PRINTERS IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY, 

ST. MARTIN'S LANK. 



(Record 




OWING to a prolonged absence from home at the beginning 
of the year, with a consequent burden of arrears, the issue of this 
volume has been much delayed. I should like to take shelter 
under the quaint excuse of Madox in his introduction to the 
Firma Burgi, that " Whoso desireth to discourse in a proper 
manner concerning corporated towns and communities must take 
in a great variety of matter, and should be allowed a great deal 
of time and preparation " ; but it soon appeared that such a 
preliminary discourse would absorb too much space and time ; 
and the Introduction touches only a tithe of the interesting 
subjects which will be found in the body of the work. 

During the preparation of the Introduction, I have been 
continually applying to the work on English Local Government, 
pt. i, the Parish and the County, by S. and B. Webb ; and from 
the second section of their work the quotation above has been 
derived. The records' of the reign of Charles I. will be printed 
in the following volume, now in the press. For 1909 there 
will be issued a volume containing the two cartularies of the 
families of Hill and Beauchamp now in the Public Record Office, 
another cartulary of the latter family, which was unearthed with 
that relating to Muchelney Abbey, printed in vol. xiv, and 
the recently discovered cartulary of Mynchin Buckland. This 



v 



has been bequeathed by the late Mr. Brooking Rowe to the 
Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, in the 
hope that its contents might be printed by the Record Society 
at an early date. 

For the first time for ten years the list of subscribers shows a 
small increase. The finances are in a fairly satisfactory condition, 
as there is at present a small balance in hand after discharging 
all liabilities. 

E. H. BATES. 



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Councif. 

C. E. H. CHADWYCK-HEALEY, ESQ., C.B., K.C. 

EMANUEL GREEN, ESQ., F.S.A. 

THE RIGHT HON. H. HOBHOUSE, P.O. 

REV. CANON T. SCOTT HOLMES, M.A. 

SIR J. F. F. HORNER, K.C.V.O. 

REV. W. HUNT, M.A. 

SIR H. C. MAXWELL LYTE, M.A., K.C.B. 

A. F. SOMERVILLE, ESQ. 

REV. F. W. WEAVER, M.A., F.S.A. 

REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. (HON. SECRETARY). 



VOLUMES ALREADY ISSUED. 

VOL. 

I. 1887. Bishop Drokensford's Register, 1309-1329. BISHOP 

HOBHOUSE. 
II. 1888. Somerset Chantries. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 

III. 1889. Kirby's Quest, &c., Somerset. F. H. DICKINSON, 

Esq. 

IV. 1890. Prae-Reformation Churchwardens' Accounts. 

BISHOP HOBHOUSE. 

V. 1891. Custumaria of Glastonbury Abbey, XHIth 

Century. C. I. ELTON, Q.C. 

VI. 1892. Pedes Finium, I, 1196-1307. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 
VII. 1893. Two Chartularies of Bath Priory. REV. W. 

HUNT, M.A. 
VIII. 1894. Bruton and Montacute Cartularies. SIR C. H. 

MAXWELL LYTE, K.C.B., and CANON HOLMES, M.A. 
IX X. 1895-6. Bishop Ralph of Shrewsbury's Register, 
1329-1363. 2 vols. CANON HOLMES, M.A. 



VOL. 

XL 



1897- 



C. E. H. 



XII. 
XIII. 


1898. 

1899- 


XIV. 





XV. 


1900. 


XVI. 


1901. 


XVII. 


1902. 


XVIII. 


tt 


XIX. 


1903. 


XX. 


1904. 


XXI. 


1905. 


XXII. 
XXIII. 


1906. 
1907. 



Most 



Somersetshire Pleas, XHIth Century. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, K.C. 

Pedes Finium, II, 1308-1346. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 
Registers of Bishop Giffard, 1265-6, and Bishop 

Bowett, 1401-7. CANON HOLMES, M.A. 
Cartularies of Muchelney and Athelney Abbeys. 

REV. E. H. BATES, M.A. 
Gerard's Survey of Somerset, 1633. REV, E. H. 

BATES, M.A. 
Somerset Wills, XlVth and XVth Centuries. 

REV. F. W. WEAVER, M.A., F.S.A. 

Pedes Finium, III, 1347-1399. E. GREEN, Esq 
F.S.A. 

Hopton's Narrative of the Civil War. C. E H. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, K.C. 

Somerset Wills, 1501-1530. REV. F. W. WEAVER, 
M.A., F.S.A. 

Certificate of Musters in the County of Somerset : 
Temp. Eliz. A.D. 1569. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 

Somerset Wills, 1531-1558. REV. F. W. WEAVER, 
M.A., F.S.A. 

Pedes Finium, IV, 1399-1485. E. GREEN, Esq., F.S.A. 
Quarter Sessions Records, Temp. James I. REV. 
E. H. BATES, M.A. 

IN PREPARATION. 

Quarter Sessions Records, Temp. Charles I. 
Cartularies of Mynchin Buckland Priory, and of 
the Families of Beauchamp and Hill. 

of the volumes can still be obtained. For list and price apply to the 
Secretary. 



of 



ANTIQUARIES, THE SOCIETY OF, Burlington House, W. 

BADCOCK, H. J., Pitminster, Taunton. 

BAILWARD, T. H. M., Horsington, Templecombe. 

BAKER, E. E., F.S.A., The Glebe House, \Veston-super-Mare. 

BALTIMORE, U.S.A., PEABODY INSTITUTE, care of E. G. Allen and Son, 

Grape St., Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. 
BATES, REV. E. H., Puckington Rectory, Ilininster. 
BATH CORPORATION, Guildhall, Bath. 
BATH FIELD CLUB, Royal Literary Institution, Bath. 
BATTEN, H. B., Aldon, Yeovil. 
BENNETT, MRS., 2, Bradmore Road, Oxford. 
BODLEIAN LIBRARY, THE, Oxford. 
BOODLE, R. W., 7, Pershore Road, Birmingham. 
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY, U.S.A., c/o Kegan Paul, Trench, Triibner 

and Co., 43, Gerrard Street, W. 
BRAIKENRIDGE, W. J., 16, Royal Crescent, Bath, 
BRAMBLE, LIEUT.-COL., Seaneld, Weston-super-Mare. 
BRISTOL MUNICIPAL PUBLIC LIBRARY, Deanery Road, Bristol. 
BRITISH MUSEUM LIBRARY, care of Uulau and Co., 37, Soho Square, \V. 
BROADMEAD, W. B., Enmore Park, Bridgwater. 
BROOKING-ROWE, J., Castle Barbican, Plympton. 
BUCKLE, E., 179, Oakwood Court, Melbury Road, London, W. 



XII 



Hfet of 



BURTON, RIGHT REV. DR., Bishop's House, Clifton, Bristol. 
BUSH, T. S., 20, Camden Crescent, Bath. 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, Cambridge. 

CARTWRIGHT, REV. H. A., Whitestaunton, Chard. 

CHADWYCK-HEALEY, C. E. H., C.B., K.C.. New Place, Porlock. 

CHICAGO, NEWBERRY LIBRARY, care of Messrs. Stevens and Brown, 

4, Trafalgar Square, W.C. 
CHURCH, REV. CANON, Wells, Somerset. 
CLARK, W. S., Street, Glastonbury. 
COLES, J., JUNR., 6, Keyford Terrace, Frome. 
COLES, REV. V. S. S., Pusey House, Oxford. 
COMMANS, J. E., 1 1, Brock Street, Bath. 

DANIEL, REV. PREBENDARY W. E., Horsington, Templecombe. 
DAY, H. C. A., Oriel Lodge, Clevedon. 
DUCKWORTH, REV. W, A., Orchardleigh Park, Frome. 
DYSON, J., Moorlands, Crewkerne. 

ELLIS, REV. J. H., 29, Collingham Gardens, South Kensington, S.W. 
ELWES, THE VENERABLE E. L., Woolbeding Rectory, Midhurst. 
ELWORTHY, F. T., Foxdown, Wellington, Somerset. 
EVANS, C., Nailsea Court, Bristol. 

FANE, THE RIGHT HON. SIR S. B. PONSONBY, G.C.B., Brympton, Yeovil. 

FARWELL, THE HON. SIR G., 15, Southwell Gardens, London, S.W. 

Fox, F. F., Yate House, Yate, R.S.O. 

FOXCROFT, E. T. D., Hinton Charterhouse, Bath. 

FRY, THE RIGHT HON. SIR EDWARD, Failand House, Bristol. 

FRY, E. A., 124, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

FRY, F. J., Cricket St. Thomas, Chard. 

GIBBS, A., Tyntesfield, Nailsea. 

GIBBS, H. M., Barrow Court, Flax Bourton, R.S.O. 

GLASTONBURY ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, THE, Glastonbury. 



Hist of ^ufcgmfcenf. xiii 



GOOD, T., Castle Bailey, Bridgwater. 

GREEN, EMANUEL, F.S.A., Devonshire Club, St. James's, S.W. 

GUILDHALL LIBRARY, London, E.G. 

HALLETT, T. G. P., Claverton Lodge, Bath. 

HANCOCK, PREB. F., Priory, Dunster, Taunton, 

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LAW LIBRARY, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. 

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, THE, U.S.A., care of Kegan Paul, 

Trench, Triibner and Co., 43, Gerrard Street, W. 
HELLIER, REV. H. G., 65, Ninian Road, Roath Park, Cardiff. 
HOBHOUSE, MRS. E., Wells. 

HOBHOUSE, RIGHT HON. H., P.C., Hadspen House, Castle Gary. 
HODGKINSON, W. S., Glencot, Wells, Somerset. 
HOLMES, REV. CANON T. S., East Liberty, Wells, Somerset. 
HONNYWILL, REV. J. E. W., Leigh on Mendip Vicarage, Bath. 
HORNER, SIR J. F. F., K.C.V.O., Mells Park, Frome. 
HOSKYNS, H. W. P., North Perrott Manor, Crewkerne. 
HUDD, A. E., Clinton House, 94, Pembroke Road, Clifton, Bristol. 
HUDSON, REV. C. H. B., Holy Rood, St. Giles, Oxford. 
HUMPHREYS, A. L., 187, Piccadilly, W. 

HUNT, REV. W., 24, Phillimore Gardens, Campden Hill, Kensington, W. 
HURLE, J. COOK, Brislington Hill, Bristol. 
HYLTON, LORD, Ammerdown Park, Radstock. 

JENKYNS, REV. J., Durley Rectory, Bishop's Waltham. 
JEX-BLAKE, VERY REV. T. W., The Deanery, Wells. 

KENNION, THE RIGHT REV. DR., BISHOP OF BATH AND WELLS, The Palace, 
Wells, Somerset. 

LINCOLN'S INN LIBRARY, London, W.C. 

LONDON LIBRARY, St. James's Square, S.W. 

LONG COL. W., Newton House, Clevedon, Somerset. 



xiv Hurt of &ttfe*crfttr*< 



LUTTRELL, G. F., Dunster Castle, Dunster. 

LYTE, SIR H. MAXWELL, K.C.B., 3, Portman Square, W. 

MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, c/o D. E. Cornish Limited, 16, St. Ann's 

Square, Manchester. 
MARSHALL, J. C., Far Cross, Woore, Newcastle, Staffordshire. 

NEW YORK PUBLIC? LIBRARY, c/o B. F. Stevens, 4, Trafalgar Square, W.C. 
NORMAN, DR., 12, Brock Street, Bath. 

PAGET, SIR R. H., BART., Cranmore Hall, Shepton Mallet. 

PARIS, BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALS, c/o Continental Export Co., 4, High Street, 

Bloomsbury, W.C. 

PAYNTER, J. B., Hendford Manor, Yeovil. 
PERCEVAL, C. H. S., Longwitton Hall, Morpeth. 
PHELIPS, W. R., Montacutc House, Montacute, S.O. 

PORTMAN, THE RIGHT HON. VISCOUNT, Bryanston House, Blandford, Dorset. 
POWELL, REV. A. H., LL.D., St. Mary's Vicarage, Bridgwater. 
PRICE, REV. S. J. M., D.D., Tintinhull, Martock, S.O. 
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, c/o Messrs. Wyman & Sons, Fetter Lane, London, 

E.G. 

ROGERS, T. E., Yarlington House, Wincanton. 

SHERBORNE SCHOOL LIBRARY, c/o F. Bennett, Parade, Sherborne. 

SKRINE, H. M., COLONEL, Warleigh Manor, Bath. 

SMITH, REV. PREBENDARY, Brent Knoll Vicarage, Bridgwater. 

SOMERSET ARCH. AND NAT. HIST. SOCIETY, Castle, Taunton. 

SOMERVILLE, A. F., Dinder, Wells, Somerset. 

STRACHEY, SIR E.. BART., M.P., Sutton Court, Pensford, Bristol. 

SULLY, T. N., Avalon House, Queen's Road, Weston-super-Mare. 

THATCHER, A. A., Midsomer Norton, Bath. 
THATCHER, E. J., Manor House, Chew Magna, Bristol. 



Utet of ^ttfcgfrttm'g. xv 



THOMPSON, Miss, Montrose, Weston Park, Bath. 

TITE, C., Stoneleigh, Taunton. 

TORONTO UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, c/o Cazenove and Son, 26, Henrietta Street, 

W.C. 

TRASK, C., Courtfield, Norton, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, S.O. 
TREVILIAN, E. B. CELY, Midelney Place, Curry Rivel, Taunton. 

VAUGHAN-PRYSE, MRS., Peachfield House, Great Malvern. 

WAIN WRIGHT, C. R., Summerleaze, Shepton Mallet. 
WATSON, E. J., St. John's Arch, Bristol. 

WEAVER, REV. F. W., F.S.A., Milton Vicarage, Evercreech, Bath. 
\VELLS, The Cathedral Library, Somerset. 
WELLS, The Theological College Library, Somerset. 
WERE, F., Callingwood Hall, Tatenhill, Burton on Trent. 
WINTERSTOKE, The Right Hon. Lord, Blagdon, Somerset. 
WOODWARD, Miss, The Knoll, Clevedon. 

WORDSWORTH, THE RIGHT REV. J., LORD BISHOP OF SALISBURY, The 
Palace, Salisbury. [116.] 



PAGE 

REPORT . . . . . - . . . v 

BALANCE SHEET. . . vii 

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS . .... . . . ix 

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS . . . . . . xi 

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . xvii 

QUARTER SESSIONS RECORDS . . . . . i 

INDEX . .- . . 358 



Jnfrobucfton* 



THE contents of this volume are the record of the work of the 
Court of Quarter Sessions in the period 1608-1625, so f ar as 
they relate to the administrative duties, and not to the judicial 
functions of the Justices of the Peace. It must be supposed 
that they knew rightly what matters should be the subject of an 
order and what of a trial ; but an examination of the business 
done will show that an " order " might often include, or confirm, 
a sentence of considerable severity. 

By the reign of James I., the Court of Quarter Sessions was 
practically the centre of governance in the county, as the 
justice was the representative of law and order. The Sheriff 
and the County Court, as the keeper of the peace and the 1 lawful 
court of the freemen of the shire, had been losing ground for 
some time before the police statute of Winchester in 1285 an d 
that of Trailbaston in 1305 showed that the old English system 
of keeping the peace and administering justice required to be 
strengthened. 

The frequent rebellions and final collapse of government at 
the close of the reign of Edward II. produced such a state of 
lawlessness that after the accession of Edward III. fresh men 
and measures were found necessary. A steady succession of 
statutes appointed conservators of the peace in every county 
(i Edw. III., c. 1 6) ; gave them authority to commit evil-doers 
to gaol to await trial (4 Edw. III., c. 2); conferred on them 
power, in conjunction with others learned in the law, to hear and 
determine felonies, trespasses, and other offences against the 
peace (18 Edw. III., st. 2, c. ii.). Additional duties were 
imposed, and finally by two statutes passed in 1360 and 1362 
as Justices of the Peace they were empowered to take sureties 

c 



xviii fntwfourtum. 



for the good behaviour, and to hold their sessions four times 
in the year. The times of these meetings were fixed by statute 
of 2 Hen. V., st. I, c. iv. To quote the words of Reeves, Hist, 
of Engl. Law, 1869, vol. ii, p. 332. The keepers of the peace 
were become justices presiding over a court, where many 
matters of considerable importance to the order and quiet of 
society were cognizable, besides the important jurisdiction over 
felonies and trespasses. The consideration of these magistrates 
was greatly heightened by the accession of business that was 
thrown upon them by later Acts of Parliament, which have 
gradually entrusted them with matters of very material concern 
to the property and liberty of the subject. 



QUARTER SESSIONS RECORDS. 

A shire or county, unlike the majority of boroughs, has no 
muniments of title, no charters of enfranchisement from a 
descendant of the Conqueror or of a follower, to be the 
foundation of a life of civic activity ; for, as the Anglo-Saxon 
labourer said to the Norman squire, we were here when you 
came. The accounts of the sheriff were sent up to the Treasury 
and embodied in the Pipe Rolls ; the writs sent down for 
execution were duly returned sewed to the parchment which 
contained the verdict of the sworn inquisition. At the end of 
his term of office each sheriff would be likely to retain any 
documents which might bear upon the business transacted, until 
it was thought safe to destroy them. 

With the establishment of the Court of Quarter Sessions in 
1362 (36 Edw. III., st. i, c. 12) documents of different sorts 
began to increase, and Lambard notes that in 1390, Stephen 
Betenam was the first for Kent to whom the credit of the 
records of the peace was thereby committed : which officer is now 
sithence called the Custos Rotulorum. 1 But owing probably to 
the absence of a fixed abode for the custos, or his deputy the 
clerk of the peace, there are practically no records of the 
Quarter Sessions of an earlier date than the middle of the 

1 Jren^rcha, 1610, bk. I, c. 9. 



Introtfuftfon. xix 



sixteenth century. 1 Another cause was specified in the Act 
of 37 Hen. VIII., c. I, that since sundry persons (no lesse 
unworthy to occupy the office of custos rotulorum, than greedy 
to have the place) did obtain grants of the same by letters 
patent for term of their lives ; by means whereof so many evils 
did shortly ensue, both to the hinderance of justice, and to the 
disherison of the King's subjects, greater care should be taken 
in the appointment for the future, principally by limiting the 
tenure of the office to the King's pleasure. As in practice the 
clerk of the peace had the custody of the records, the Act did 
little or nothing towards securing their better preservation ; and 
Lambard laments that owing to this arrangement "it falleth 
out very often, that after the death of the clerk, these records 
are hardly recovered, and that piecemeale, from his widow, 
servants, or executors, who at their pleasure may embesel, 
misuse, or conceale what they will ; which how farre it may reach 
to the losse of his Majesty, and to the hurt of his subjects, I 
leave to be debated and decided in the court of their own 
consciences that take this charge upon them." 2 And again in 
the same chapter ; " Yet now the inconvenience being found, 
and the records themselves being growne to greater bulk, the 
same should be lodged in some special and proper room under 
safe custody, and not without an inventory." 

All these calamities had befallen the records in the County, 
for only a few documents survive of an earlier date than 1607 ; 
and the justices determined to act upon the very lines suggested 
by Lambard. The matter was first mooted at the Wells 
Sessions 1616-7, and exactly two years later two orders record 
that through the great care and charge of his Majesty's Justices 
of the Peace a strong and convenient room adjoining to the 
Cathedral Church of Wells had been obtained from the Dean 
and Chapter, and fitted up for the purpose of a record room. 
And further that two justices should be annually appointed at 
the Wells Sessions to view the said room whether the records 
are well disposed of in the same (pp. 247-8). 

Here under the shadow of the Cathedral the records 

1 Committee on Local Records, Report, 1902, App. Ill, answers to sch. No. I. 
For account of some early rolls in P.R.O., see English Hist. Review, xxi, p. 517. 

2 Irenarcha (1610 edit.) bk. iv, c. 3. 



xx 



remained and multiplied, undisturbed by either the Rebellion or 
Monmouth's invasion. In 1800, in answer to a letter from a 
Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed to 
enquire into the state of public records, the Deputy Clerk of 
the Peace for Somerset made a return : " That the records are 
kept at Wells in a room newly fitted. There is no catalogue, 
nor could it be made under a year. The office of the Clerk of 
the Peace has been at Chard for more than thirty years under 
three several gentlemen." To a further enquiry of the same 
nature in 1837, the Clerk of the Peace made no return. 

In 1858 the Shire Hall was built at Taunton, and the 
County Records were removed from Wells and placed in two 
large rooms in the basement of the building, where they were 
arranged in presses and on shelves. It can be said that this 
accommodation was probably far superior to that provided for 
most local records, or even for the national records, previous to 
the building of the Public Record Office in Chancery Lane 
about the middle of the century. The records are secure from 
thieves and damp ; and there is ample room for future 
accumulations without over-crowding. On the other hand the 
rooms are naturally dark and cold, and therefore very unsuitable 
for prolonged examination and study o their contents. 

In the spring of 1903 some members of the Council of the 
Somerset Record Society made an examination of the records, 
and a report was drawn up and forwarded to the Clerk of the 
Peace and of the County Council. In accordance with the 
suggestions made in the report, the County Council made a 
grant, by means of which the late Mr. Watson, formerly on the 
staff of the P.R.O., spent the summer of 1904 in cleaning, 
arranging, and ticketing the contents of the two rooms ; and 
this work was carried out in a very complete and satisfactory 
manner. Some .of the series of documents were found to 
extend back to a date far earlier than had hitherto been 
supposed ; and now the records may be said to be accessible 
to persons desiring to make researches. 

It was, however, considered that the contents of some of the 
records, which the experience of other counties had shown to 
be of considerable value in local government and history, should 
be printed, and so made generally available. In 1905 the 



Introtttutfon. xxi 



County Council made a grant to the Somerset Record Society 
to enable them to include a collection of Quarter Sessions 
Records among their volumes. About half the grant was 
expended in rebinding the three oldest Minute Books (1613- 
1620 ; 1621-1627 ; 1628-1638), which were in a very dilapidated 
condition ; and in binding the contents of the rolls of Indict- 
ments and Sessions Rolls from the earliest date to the end of 
the reigning of James I. in books, about fifty of each class. 

Owing to this vast quantity of material it was evident that 
to print a reference, however short, to each item would require 
not one but a series of volumes, even fcr the reign of a 
single monarch. The criminal business, though necessary and 
interesting to the student of manners and morals, does not 
affect the general history of the county. The administrative 
orders mark many a stage in the evolution of institutions and 
county governance which are yet of service : roads, bridges, and 
gaols are still in active use. The efforts of the Bench to relieve 
poverty in all its varied forms, to provide decent housing 
accommodation, and to regulate the drink traffic, are well 
worthy the attention of social reformers at the present day. 
By confining the contents of the volume to these Orders, a 
complete view of this portion of the work of the Quarter 
Session for the reign of James I. has been made available. 

Of each of the different classes of records dealt with, or 
referred to in the following pages, a more particular account will 
be useful. 

Minute Book I is a stout folio of 430 leaves, containing the 
doings at Quarter Session from Taunton Sess. 1613 to 
Bridgwater (Michaelmas) 1620, but this end is very defective. 
The front portion of the book has perished, but it is not 
probable that it could ever have been much larger. Luckily 
a rough minute book has also survived, and from it some of 
the orders missing have been supplied. Minute Book II is 
complete at the beginning, Wells (Epiphany) Sess. 1620-1, but 
is defective after the Ilchester (Easter) Session of 1627, so that 
there is no record of the Taunton and Bridgwater Sessions in 
that year. Minute Book III begins with Wells Sess. 1627-8, 
and extends to the Bridgwater Sess. 1638. The next volume 
now in existence covers the period 1646-56 ; after which date 



xx 



there is a further gap to 1666, whence there is a continuous 
series to 1803. 

The business recorded in these volumes is based on three 
classes of documents : Recognizances, Indictments, and Sessions 
Rolls, which form three long and continuous series from 1607 
with a few fragments of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 

To take a recognizance, when a person is bound over to 
appear at the Sessions to answer any matter he may be charged 
with, was at this date the most usual act a justice had to do. 
If a person was brought up, and the charge was one which the 
justices considered to require further investigation, it had to go 
to Quarter Sessions. Up to 1625 it seems to have been the 
exception to send a person to prison pending his trial ; and 
his appearance was secured by an elaborate series of recogni- 
zances, in which the prosecutor, the prisoner and the witnesses 
were sometimes sureties for each other. 1 It is no exaggeration 
to say that there are thousands of these documents fastened up 
in small rolls with the year marked thereon. By means of the 
long lists of recognizances taken, discharged, and forfeited, 
entered in the minute books at each Sessions, it is possible to 
obtain a reference to the bundle containing the documents ; and 
more than this could not be done at present. 

The indictments, abominably written on parchment, down 
to the end of the reign of James I. have been bound in books. 
They deal with a class of business not touched on in this volume. 

The Sessions Rolls might equally well be classed as 
miscellaneous, for they contain every other kind of document 
which the Clerk of the Peace considered worthy of preservation. 
Here will be found examinations taken by the justices, petitions 
on every variety of business, letters from all sorts and conditions 
of people anything that might form the basis of an order. 
These rolls have also been bound up in volumes, one or two to 
each roll. As the object of this volume is to exhibit the 
working of the Quarter Session in administrative business, 
rather than the working of the human mind in consulting the 
advantage of its owner, I have been obliged to content 
myself with giving after each order a reference to the document 

1 Worcester County Records, I, intro., by J. W. Willis Bund. 



xx 



on which it was based (whenever such could be found) ; and 
with utilizing a few striking documents and letters in this 
Introduction. But in order to present as much material as 
possible, the contents of the Rolls, 1-16, covering the period 
1607-1613, have been abstracted by Mr. A. ]. Monday of 
Taunton, and from this material I have taken everything that 
might possibly have produced an order from the Court of 
Quarter Session. Mr. Monday's task was no easy one, for, 
although the paper and ink of nearly all the documents are- 
singularly well preserved, the hand-writing and spelling are 
peculiar, and the style very verbose, requiring great care in 
condensation. 

The County records include many other classes of documents, 
among which may be mentioned the copies of enrolled deeds 
extending from 1537 to the beginning of the nineteenth century. 
A calendar of those prepared by Mr. Monday will appear in 
the Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries this year. The 
other classes begin at a later date. 

COMMISSION OF THE PEACE. 

Before giving any account of the business, it is necessary to 
consider the composition of the Bench at this period. There 
are numerous Commissions dating from 1612. One issued 
25th November, 1613, contains the names of the Lord 
Chancellor, Keeper of the Privy Seal, High Admiral, Earl of 
Bath, Earl of Hertford, Bishop of Bath and Wells (James 
Montague), Lord Morley, Lord Monteagle, Sir Edward 
Phelipps, Master of the Rolls, Laurence Tanfield, Chief Baron 
of the Exchequer, Sir Augustine Nicholls, Justice of the King's 
Bench, Sir George Snigge, Baron of the Exchequer ; and the 
following residents in the County: Knights, *George Speke of 
Whitelackington, 1 John Mallett of Enmore, Will. Courtney of 
Combe Sydenham, in right of his wife, *Francis Popham of 
Wellington, *Maurice Berkeley of Bruton, *Hugh Smith of 
Long Ashton, *Nicholas Halswell of Halswell in Goathurst, 
*Edward Gorges of Wraxall, *Thomas Bridges of Keynsham, 
*Robert Phelipps of Montacute, *James Ley of Beckington, 

1 The residences are added. 



XXIV 



ifntrotitutton. 



*Edward Hext of Low Ham, John Windham of Orchard 
Windham ; *Francis James, LL.D., of Barrow Gurney : Esquires, 
*John Pawlett of Hinton St. George, *John Francis of Combe 
Florey, *Robert Hopton of Witham, *Henry Walrond of Isle 
Brewers, *Samuel Norton of Abbots Leigh, *Edward Rogers of 
Cannington, George Luttrell of Dunster, *Richard Warre of 
Hestercombe, *Humphry Windham of Wiveliscombe, Humphry 
Sidenham of Combe in Dulverton, *Thomas Hughes of Wells, 
*John May of Hinton Charterhouse, *John Trevillian of 
Nettlecombe, * Alexander Ewens of North Cadbury, John 
Farwell of Holbrook near Wincanton, Christopher Preston of 
Cricket St. Thomas, Francis Baber of Chew Magna, James 
Bisse of Batcombe, Nathanael Styll of Hutton, William Swanton 
of Wincanton, *John Symes of Poundisford, Thomas Symcockes 
of Butleigh, *Thomas Warre of West Monkton, James Kirton 
of Castle Cary, Thomas Southworth of Wells, *Joseph Rattle of 
Langford in Churchill, Robert Cuffe of Creech St. Michael. 

The asterisk denotes the quorum, and it is found wanting 
before several names where one might have expected to see it. 
This particular commission omits several gentlemen of good 
position in the county who are found executing the office of a 
magistrate soon after ; and the absence of others may be due to 
the fact that they were unable to take the oath of allegiance. 

Omitting the official justices, ten in number, the commission 
contains the names of forty- three justices, who were fairly evenly 
distributed over the county. Taking the present parliamentary 
divisions : there were five in each of the northern, eastern and 
Frome divisions, and seven in the Wells, Wellington, southern, 
and Bridgwater divisions. 

The following table shows the attendance at Quarter 
Sessions : 





1614 


'15 


'16 


'17 '18 


'19 


'20 


'21 


'22 


'23 


'24 


'25 


Wells 
Ilchester 


16 
9 


19 
15 


16 

10 


15 
13 


22 

9 


23 
1.5 


24 


12 
IS 


16 
16 


19 
10 


17 

n 


25 


Taunton 


H 


19 


13 


14 


15 


12 


22 


I? 


IS 


ii 


ii 





Bridgwater 


15 


13 


13 


15 


18 


19 





21 


12 


15 


15 





Average 


13 


16 


13 


14 


16 


17 





16 


IS 


14 


14 


_ 



Ifntrotfuttton. xxv 



So about one-third of the justices attended the Sessions. 
That held at Ilchester seems to have been decidedly unpopular. 
Evee though the winter floods had subsided, the town must have 
been distinctly unhealthy, and the accommodation obtainable 
inferior to that in the other towns. Only a few, and they 
resident within the quadrilateral, were present at every Sessions. 
The majority contented themselves with attending the two held 
nearest their homes, and forwarded bundles of recognizances, 
depositions, and examinations to the Clerk of the Peace at other 
times. Six of the justices named in the commission never 
attended, but of these Sir George Speke and Sir Edward Gorges 
were very active in their own districts. 

It will be noticed that for the seven years ending with 1620 
the average attendance gradually rises, and then as gradually 
descends to the end of the reign of James I. This may be con- 
nected with the fact that in the same periods the average number 
of new names at the Quarter Sessions is for the first period five, 
and for the second three. Of the twenty-five present in 1614, 
only five appeared at Wells in 1625. One cannot help suspect- 
ing that the labour and troubles attending the execution of the 
office led to the early retirement of the older justices. Some ot 
their monuments survived long enough to be enrolled in the 
pages of Collinson ; but it is only seldom that the magistracy is 
mentioned thereon. In the church of Bishops Hull there is a 
monument to " Georgio Farewel armigero at Irenarchae : justitiae 
et pacis publicae procuratori et conservator! ; summo pauperum 
patrono." 1 Another to the memory of John Symes of Poundisford 
records that he was "greatly renowned for wisdom, justice, 
integrity, and sobriety, which talents he did not hide in a napkin, 
but religiously exercised in the whole conduct of his life, 
especially in the government of the county, wherein he bore all 
the honourable offices incident to a country gentleman as knight 
of the shire, high sheriff, deputy lieutenant for many years, and 
justice of the peace for forty years and upwards." 2 

The justices were drawn almost exclusively from the ranks 
of the country gentlemen, which were being constantly recruited 
from the successful merchants of the towns. The latter were 

1 Collinson, ITT, 255. 

8 Historical Notes on South Somerset, by J. Batten, F.S.A., p. 10. 



xxvi Jhttrotttutfott. 



naturally sticklers for equality, and an unfortunate expression in 
the wording of an order (Ilchester Sessions 1615, No. 22, p. 141) 
brought this fiery letter from Mr. Barnabas Lewis, J.P., to the 
Clerk of the Peace. 

" Mr. Brown, I have received two orders from you, the one 
for cottagers wherein you have mistaken to say the plaintiffs were 
not present for they were at the Sessions to prove it (if the 
cottagers themselves would not have confessed it, as they did to 
us before or would have done it then), but let that remain as it 
is. But for Pearce, I am not well used, viz., to have a reference 
to Sir Thos. Bridges, Mr. Popham, Mr. Bisse jointly, and I my- 
self to join if I will ; I will justify that the order was for 
reference for Pearce as you made for the cottagers, and not to 
Mr. Popham and Mr. Bisse, but let them remain, I will not 
except any of the shire (but I tell you your fault). Also the 
manner how you use my name, I do not allow to join if I will, 
but to be nominated as is due (as the other are). I doubt 
partiality in this business. I must tell you that I have been 
deeply abused by him, and have complained and will prove it 
without exception, or else I will not sit on the Bench again, for 
I will never be braved or opposed against by an audacious ale- 
house keeper and shameless as he is. Also he forfeited his 
recognizances for his non-appearance and therefore look you to 
certify it. And I pray you make the order as it ought to be to 
any two of us, or else you will wrong the Court and yourself. 
Your loving friend if you wrong me not. Barn. Lewes, Wincan- 
ton, first of June, 1615." 

Besides the attendances at the Quarter Sessions, and frequent 
meetings for the consideration and decision of multifarious 
matters thence referred to them, the justices were also grouped 
together within defined areas which are generally referred to as 
their divisions or limits. These may perhaps be considered as the 
germ of the modern Petty Sessions. But the Petty Sessions men- 
tioned in this volume had little in common with the present 
court of Summary Jurisdiction, but were held for administrative 
purposes only, among which the regulation of public houses was 
an important part. These limits were established by orders 
from the Privy Council drawn up at Greenwich 23rd June, 1605. 
The copy sent to Somersetshire has disappeared, but from that 



Jfntnfrurtum. xxvii 



printed in Quarter Sessions ', Elizabeth to Anne, by A. H. A. 
Hamilton, p. 67, it appears that it included directions to the 
Clerk of the Peace to present to the Judges of Assizes a list of all 
the justices who were either absent from the Quarter Sessions, or 
only attended for a portion of the business. That convenient and 
apt divisions were to be made in every county, and fit justices be 
assigned to have the special charge and care of every such 
division, which were to be so made as none be driven to travel 
above seven or eight miles. That the Justices should hold a 
meeting in each division about the midtime between each 
Quarter Sessions, to see the due execution of the various statutes 
dealing with labourers, alehouses and tipplers, assize 01 
bread and drink, rogues and vagabonds, setting the poor on 
work and to bind ' their children apprentices especially to 
husbandry and housewifery, artificers, and all other things 
within their several divisions, appertaining to their office to deal 
as Justices of the Peace. And also several other orders relating 
to the " whole duty " of a magistrate. 1 

In addition to all this mass of business a justice was often 
directed or desired to exercise his authority and influence singly. 
When all other efforts to get Richard Warren out of the alms- 
house at Langport had failed, Mr. Jennings was ordered to put 
the said Warren with his wife and children forth and send them 
with a copy of the order to Lyng ; but after the lapse of a whole 
year Warren was still in the almshouse. The same justice was 
also desired at the Bridgwater Sessions, 1624, to cause the con- 
stables and officers of South Petherton to suppress the growing 
disorders in that town. Paternal, not to say grandmotherly 
regulations have never found favour with the English, and efforts 
to get notorious tipplers and evildoers reformed by waiting upon 
neighbouring justices were not very successful, to judge by the 
experience of Sir John Wyndham. A yet unreformed drunkard 

1 Even these duties were less than might be exacted from a county gentleman two 
centuries earlier ; when Robert de Echyngham, the king's servant, obtained an 
exemption for life on account of his old age and debility, from being put on assizes, 
juries, attaints, inquisitions or other recognitions, and from being made mayor, sheriff, 
escheator, coroner, verderer, steward, constable, justice of the peace, or of labourers, 
collector, taxer, assessor, surveyor, or controller of tenths, fifteenths or other subsidies, 
arrayer, leader or trier of men-at-arms, hobelers or archers, or other bailiff, officer or 
minister of the king, against his will. Pat. Rolls, 5 Hen. IV., ii, m. 25. 



jcxv 



waited upon his mentor with a quarterstaff, and not finding him 
at home, knocked down two waiting men, and caused much 
disturbance and damage before he was ejected from Orchard 
Wyndham. 

The efforts of the justices " to execute justice and maintain 
truth" will be sufficiently illustrated by the account of their 
labours in this volume. In Sir Thomas Smith's Discourse on the 
Commonwealth of England, first published in 1583, they are 
described as such whom the Prince shall think meet, and in 
whom for wisdom and discretion he putteth his trust, inhabitants 
within the county. There was never in any commonwealth 
devised a more wise, a more dulce and gentle nor a more certain 
way to rule the people, whereby they are kept always as it were 
in a bridle of good order, and sooner looked unto that they 
should not offend, than punished when they have offended. 
[Bk. II, chap. 19.] Observers both of home and of foreign origin 
have noted with surprise that men might be trusted to execute 
judicial powers without becoming tyrants, and to carry out 
administrative duties without filling their pockets. 

BUSINESS AT SESSIONS. 

The number of orders made varied remarkably from year to 
year. In 1614 there were 66 orders, 109 in 1615, 133 in 1616, 
106 in 1617, 100 in 1618, 92 in 1619, 79 in 1620, 95 in 1621, 69 
in 1622, 58 in 1623, and 56 in 1624. Wells was by far the 
busiest Session, and four days were often found necessary to 
dispose of the criminal and civil accumulated business. Of 
the orders entered in the minute books some, as the bastardy 
orders, are simply copied as received from the justices. Others 
embody the decision of the court in the case of an appeal from 
aggrieved parties, and these are the most numerous. The rest 
were made by the court with regard to business originating at 
the Session. 

There was no chairman appointed to that post, and the list 
of justices present is always drawn up with a strict regard to 
the rules of precedency. At the Wells Session the Bishop of 
the Diocese was often present with several cathedral dignities. 
The Lord Lieutenant did not put in an appearance during this 



fntrotitutfon. xxix 



period. Henry Herbert, second Earl of Pembroke, held this 
post from 1585 to his death in 1601, when he was succeeded by 
Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, 1602-1621. On his death 
William Herbert, third Earl of Pembroke, was appointed, who 
died in 1630. He was succeeded by his younger brother Philip, 
fourth Earl of Pembroke and Earl of Montgomery. He was 
out of favour with the King on account of his opposition to the 
Scotch expedition in 1639, and William Seymour, Marquis of 
Hertford, was appointed Lord Lieutenant 26th March, I639. 1 

The Gustos Rotulorum in the commission of the peace in 
1614 was Sir Robert Phelipps of Montacute. In 1619 Sir James 
Ley, afterwards Earl of Marlborough, held this office. He had 
some antiquarian interests, and was an early member of the 
Elizabethan Society of Antiquarians. 2 It was perhaps owing to 
these interests that the Record Room was established at Wells 
(p. 247). 

The office of Clerk of the Peace was, during part of this 
period certainly, held jointly. Mr. Edward White was clerk in 
1608-9 (p- 43)j an d Mr. John Bibbons in the same year (Sess. 
Rolls, VII, No. 26). John Saward was deputy clerk in 1607 
(p. 5). In 1612-3 Mr. Edward White (also Whyke) and Mr. 
Christopher Brown were clerks of the peace together, and this 
arrangement continued during the period under review, but 
towards the end Brown seems to have been the principal partner, 
and to have associated with him Thomas Arundel (Sess. Rolls, 

43, ", 29). 

From among their number the justices appointed annually 
a treasurer for the maimed soldiers, and the treasurers for the 
hospital money for the easter and west divisions of the county. 
A committee of two or three justices was selected to examine 
the estreats of the County Court book kept by the sheriff, and 
another committee to answer any letters or other official docu- 
ments sent down from the Lords of the Council. No records 
committee, in spite of the wording of the order (p. 247), seems 
to have been appointed. All other appointments were made as 
occasion required. 

1 Doyle, Official Baronage. 

2 Diet. Nat. Biography ', xkxiii, 206. 



xxx 



RELIEF OF THE POOR. 

This portion of their labours concerned the oversight of the 
working of the various Acts for the relief of the poor. A 
historical sketch of the earlier statutes, beginning with that of 
12 Richard II. c. 7 (1388) down to that of 39 and 40 Elizabeth, 
c. i, which was the foundation of the old Poor Law, was given 
in the report of the Poor Law Commissioners of 1834, pp. 6-13. 
As the result of this Act was, in the words of the Commissioners, 
" destructive to the morals of the most numerous class, and to 
the welfare of all," it is interesting to watch the efforts of the 
justices to make the law work fairly. 

The largest number of appeals had reference to the great 
question of settlement, if the parties claiming relief really belonged 
to the parish wherein they had a habitation. "It has been 
estimated that the few pages which contain the Pauper Settle- 
ment Laws have been the main employment of the Quarter 
Sessions since the Revolution, at an expense of litigation 
estimated at ten millions." (Quoted in Webb, English Local 
Government, Parish and County ', p. 420 n.) Twice the Court 
tried to lay down a general principle in order to make their 
decisions more uniform. At the Ilchester Session of 1615 it was 
ordered (No. 15) that persons having a legal settlement should 
not be ejected by their landlords to avoid fines laid upon them 
in the manor courts, but be allowed to remain, " that so by their 
labours and industries they may honestly get their livings to 
the better disburdening of all parishes to be at any charge with 
them." At the Bridgwater Sessions of 1616 it was the opinion 
of the Court that a year's settlement by a man in a parish should 
give his widow and children a right of^ settlement. Also that 
after a year's settlement, either as a cove'nant servant or other- 
wise, the parish should support a man maimed there, and not 
send him to the place of his birth. Again, at the Ilchester 
Sessions of 1623, it was ordered as there was diversity of opinion 
among the justices touching the settling or removing of people 
likely to be chargeable, and "that the determining of this 
particular doth much impart the good order and government of 
the county," that Sir Robert Phelipps and Hugh Pyne, Esq., 



fltttrotfuctfon. xxxi 



should obtain the opinion of the Lord Chief Baron and Mr. 
Justice Hutton, " by which means the present difference may be 
concluded, and their direction may serve for a rule of our future 
proceedings." 1 There are several instances of unfortunate 
paupers being sent from pillar to post for lengthened periods, 
the widow Welchman with six children being alternately sent 
to Edington and Badgworth during the space of two years, 
1615-6. The overseers of Brislington had considerable trouble 
with John Merryweather, who coming from Bedminster rented 
a house there, and in spite of an order to leave within twenty 
days, and a further complaint at a Petty Sessions, stayed for two 
years, when Mr. Justice Hutton declared he could not be turned 
out. But after a fresh hearing of the case at Ilchester, 1624, 
Merryweather was ordered back to Bedminster, the Bench 
" having power as we take it according to the law upon hearing 
to settle business of this quality." 

The inhabitants of a parish sometimes took the law into 
their own hands. Mary Wootton, of Curland, complained at the 
Bridgwater Sessions, 1623, that after more than one year's 
residence there the parishioners fearing that owing to her 
husband's age and sickness they would become chargeable, put 
them forth of their house, and suffered them " in most unchris- 
tianlike manner to dwell under a hedge." 

One would have expected a large number of appeals from 
would-be paupers who could not obtain relief in their own 
parishes, but they are singularly few. A typical Bumble appears 
in Thomas Cooper, the collector of the poor for Lottisham 
Green, who not only withheld relief from certain poor, but also 
"threateneth and raileth upon them with very unchristianlike 
speeches." {Ilchester Quarter Sessions, 1617, No. I.) 

Although every parish was expected to provide for its own 
poor, this charge was sometimes found to be too burdensome. 
In 1597 an application was made to the Bench to allow eight 
poor people to beg beyond the confines of Dunster, because 
there was a greater charge of poor persons than they were able 
to relieve (p. i). For want of a licence to beg, William Porter 

1 Michael Dalton, on p. 162 of his County Justice (1705), prints a list of 38 queries 
on this subject, with the resolutions of the Judges of Assize, 1633. 



xxx 



of Edington, trying to supplement his weekly allowance of two 
pence by begging at Shapwick, was grievously whipped by the 
constable there, and sent to Chedseye (p. 135). The Bench 
sometimes made an order for neighbouring parishes to con- 
tribute. Somerton was so helped by four parishes in 1609 to 
their great discontent (pp. 33, 163, 175, 190, 195, 210). Taunton 
St. James was to be helped by the Hundred of Taunton and 
Taunton Deane (pp. 29, 317). Saltford and Stanton Drew 
found their own poor rate so much increased that they 
petitioned to be relieved of any payment for the benefit of the 
poor of Pensford (pp. 183, 200). 



APPRENTICES, BASTARDS, LUNATICS. 

These three classes provided much work for the Bench. 
The indentures of apprentices were cancelled for many reasons. 
The apprentice was ill-treated, ill-fed, and not taught his trade, 
but encouraged in " thievery " ; not kept under discipline, but 
allowed to wander about the country ; or his master had failed 
in business and fled out of the country. Richard Avery of 
Enmore complained in 1607 that his daughter had been so ill- 
treated by her mistress that she lost the use of her feet, and was 
then sent back home in a barrow (p. 23). The master also 
sought to be relieved of his apprentice for idleness and other 
ill causes. 

The authorities were perfectly aware of the danger of idle 
hands to the community. In 1621 the churchwardens and 
overseers of Mark complained that when, owing to the number 
of children who are very " idely " brought up so that the richer 
sort are likely to be overburdened with poor people, for the 
prevention of this evil they had apprenticed five children to as 
many masters, two of them denied to take such troublesome 
inmates (p. 300). Richard Frye of Street, a very poor man with 
a great charge of six small children, who are fit to be bound 
apprentice, yet they still remained on his hands, desired that 
they might be bound, according to the orders of the Judges of 
Assize (p. 283). 

Qrders for the keep of illegitimate children were reviewed 



xxx 



for confirmation or cancellation on the petition of the putative 
father or fathers or of the parishes saddled with foundlings. In 
this case there generally arose a triangular duel between the' 
parishes where the child was found, born, and begotten. The 
magisterial orders include the punishment. The father was 
fined a weekly payment, generally to be made on Sunday in 
the parish church after service. The mother was to keep the 
child, and for a further punishment to be well whipped in the 
nearest market town as a deterrent to others. The father was 
generally excused any corporal punishment on the ground that 
he had already been censured in the Ecclesiastical Court, which 
may have included public penance. At Glastonbury both 
parents were to be whipped through the town to the sound of 
a drum, but here the offence had the aggravated features of 
having been committed on the Sabbath day after a dancing 
class (p. 211). Stephen Ruddle, a collier, was also ordered to 
be whipped after confession of paternity (p. 276). 

Lunatics were consigned to the Houses of Correction, where 
their presence must have added a new horror to those noisome 
dens. But this only happened when they became dangerous, 
which state generally showed itself by threats to burn down 
their neighbours' houses. If sent to a House of Correction the 
parishioners might be charged with their maintenance, which is 
perhaps the real reason why the lunacy rate seems very low. 
In other cases a committee was appointed to take charge of the 
lunatic and his property. On the petition of John Maltravers 
that his brother Peter, a "weak mazed man," was so illtreated 
by his wife that his screams would rival those of the young lady 
in the rhyme, for they awakened all South Petherton, the care 
of Peter and of his money was transferred to his brother (p. 313; 
the petition contains details quite unprintable). 

CHARITIES (ALMS- AND PEST-HOUSES). 

The Court of Quarter Sessions wielded the powers of the 
Charity Commissioners, and on complaint settled the difficulties 
connected with the administration of charities, ancient and 
modern. The money, when handed over to overseers and 
churchwardens, had a tendency to disappear, or, like some 



xxxiv Jftttrottuctfon. 



modern funds, to accumulate, instead of being distributed. The 
parishioners of Rimpton complained in 1619 that the overseers 
gave forth speeches that they would not allow anything out of 
the interest on Mr. Wootten's charity, so that the poor are not 
like to have the benefit, but the overseers will make a gain 
thereof contrary to the will (p. 249) ; and a similar complaint 
came from East Chinnock in 1608. Allowance must of course 
be made for the inveterate tendency of beneficiaries to complain 
that they are neglected in the ministration of a charity, but 
experience has long since proved that in the words of John 
Stow, " Women be forgetful, children be unkind, executors are 
covetous, and take what they can find." This last was the 
experience of Sutton Mallet, who were to have the benefit of ten 
pounds, subject to the liability of maintaining the donor for life, 
but could not obtain the principal from the executor of Baldwyn 
Mallet, gent, collector for the poor (p. 217). Taunton St. James 
had a fund for supplying faggotts to the poor, which had been 
mismanaged and lost (p. 84). After a Chancery enquiry into 
the illdoings of H. Quicke, who had destroyed the records of 
St. Margaret's Hospital near Taunton, the Bench appointed a 
fresh master to be under the supervision of Justices together 
with the churchwardens and overseers of West Monkton (p. 89). 
Unsuitable persons were denied entrance to an almshouse, or 
in case of bad behaviour turned out and sent to their own 
parish. 

The pest-house at Minehead came before the Bench, because 
although eighteen Hundreds were ordered to contribute by 
precept from the Taunton Sessions 1611, as late as 1618 there 
was a sum of twenty pounds still owing to Francis Pearce, who 
had been appointed 1 , to victual and provide for the infected 
people there (pp. 66, 238, 258). 

^ Besides exercising supervision on local funds, the Bench 
raised and distributed the funds known as hospital money and 
the maimed soldiers' money. 

The money collected for the first fund might be used for any 
charitable purpose, and many were the calls upon it. By an 
order made at the Wells Sessions 1613-14, it appears that there 
had been some slackness in dispensing the fund, so that there 
was not enough money in hand or forthcoming to satisfy 



Ifntrottuctum. xxxv 



statutory demands. The principal calls came from people who 
had suffered loss by fire or flood, particularly from the great 
overflow of the sea in 1607, which is traditionally said to have 
reached to the church of St. Benignus in Glastonbury. Starving 
prisoners were also helped, and the out-of-work clothiers of 
Frome (p. 323). For neglect of the Treasurers of this fund to 
pay forty shillings due from the County to the Marshalsea, they 
were fined nine shillings for charges incurred (Wells Sess., 
1615-16, No. 15), 

The maimed soldiers' fund was more restricted in its scope. 
According apparently to the impression made on the Justices 
the soldier received a quarterly pension (which might be increased) 
or a lump sum down. The pension was during good behaviour ; 
and one Clive had his pension taken from him on cause 
alleged by two Justices at the Taunton Sessions, 1620 (p. 275). 
At the Wells Sessions, 1616-17, an enquiry was ordered as to a 
rumour that John Seager had sold his pension allowed him as 
a maimed soldier, in which case he was to be disallowed of any 
help. At the next Sessions he was granted forty shillings in 
full discharge of any claim he might have upon the county. 
At the Bridgwater Sessions, 1619, R. Corbett was denied any 
pension for that the Justices could not find that he had in any 
way deserved the same ; yet in respect of his poverty he was 
paid twenty shillings to bring him out of the county (p. 260). 
Thomas Power was allowed ten shillings in regard of some 
maime he hath received in the war as he allegeth, whereby he 
was disbarred from any other pension out of the county. The 
claims were occasionally fortified by a certificate from the late 
commander, or by a letter from the Lords of the Council that 
the King was much interested in the case. Captain Francis 
Kirton received a yearly pension of twenty pounds for his 
services in England, the Low Countries and elsewhere, after the 
Lords of the Council had commended his application. 
Apparently this officer continued his military career, as at a later 
Sessions a warrant was granted against John Underwood 
of Evercreech for his disobedience and tongue to Mr. Francis 
Kirton at the Muster (pp. 256, 266). 



xxxv 



HOUSING THE POOR. 

This perennial difficulty was sought to be overcome in two 
ways. The first was to help the homeless man to get a house 
for himself. The great stumbling block here was the statute of 
31 Eliz., c. 7, which ordained that in the country no cottage 
should be built unless four acres of land were laid thereto. 
Time after time the Justices drove the proverbial coach and four 
through this impossible statute by granting leave to poor people 
to build houses without the land, so as they obtained consent of 
the lord of the manor and the parishioners, for their poverty 
made it impossible for the applicants to obtain the land. Leave 
once granted, the house was under the protection of the law. 
John Bynnye of Winsham who " openly opposeth himself and 
pulleth down the building " set up by Thomas Macye, was to 
answer for his contempt at the Sessions, if he molest him any 
more (p. 185). Sometimes the Court was rather hasty in giving 
leave, as the following letter of Sir John Wyndham, apparently 
addressed to the Clerk of the Peace, shows. 

Sir, I ever found therecting of cotages to be a meane only 
for increase of povertie and harbouring disorders, and therefore 
(long sithence and before your first letter received) promised 
my tenant Arden, whom it most concerned, not to give way to 
Thomas Still, who without my consent or privitie, took on him 
to build on my land, which I hold in common with others, to the 
great prejudice of my said tenant, as he informeth me. Never- 
theles perceiving your favour towards the fellow, I have dealt 
with Arden, and he hath undertaken before Midsumer next, to 
find out a plott within the waste of the manor of Chisselborough 
more allowable and convenient for all parties, where (upon his 
own charge) he will set up the wales of a house, as far forth as 
this now is, for the poor man. . . . Howbeit I cannot but 
conceive there is some wrong offered me, in ordering my land 
without my allowance and in troubling such, as in my behalfe, 
hindered Still's unlawful proceeding. And thus with my 
hardest love and salutacions, do leave farther and rest. Your 
assured loving friend, Jo. Wyndham, Orchard, 31 Marcii, 
1619. 



JFntrottuctfon. xxxvii 



There are also'complaints that cottages were erected without 
any leave asked or given (Chewton, 256 ; Yeovil, pp. 267, 331 ; 
Stoneaston, 280). The inhabitants of Downhead complained in 
1617 that a collier had made his home in a wood for a whole 
year with his wife and child, and then lived with James West 
(p. 216). The court ordered him to be deported. On a com- 
plaint that Nicholas Warren had newly erected a cottage upon the 
forest side (Neroche), " which is suspected to be much prejudicial 
to his Majesty's game there by harbouring and receiving 
disorderly and idle fellows," he alleged that it was an ancient 
dwelling house. The Court made an order that two Justices 
should enquire into the matter (p. 186). 

The other way was for the parish to build a house for the 
homeless poor, as provided for by the statute 39 and 40 Eliz., c. 
3, sec. 5, amended by 43 and 44 Eliz., c. 2, sec. 4. 1 There are 
references to these poor-houses at North Curry, Langford 
Budville, Saltford, Stanton Prior, and Trull. The parish was 
sometimes divided in opinion about the necessity of the outlay, 
and the Court was called on to make the unwilling ratepayers 
at Chillington bear their share (p. 123). After an enquiry into 
a similar opposition at Trull the committee of justices reported 
" that all the doubts, objections and grievances do proceed more 
out of a wilful and fro ward disposition than any just cause of 
complaint ; and that in their opinion it is a necessary work, 
there being a great number of poor people, and the place very 
fitting" (p. 323). By an application from Saltford we learn that 
the poor-house was already found to be insufficient, and to 
require enlarging (p. 164). It is probable that most parishes 
had to provide some sort of a hovel in which a poor old woman, 
like Margaret Sibley of Isle Brewers (pp. 302, 314), might hide 
her wretchedness, happy if she was not suspected of being a 
witch ; for as Addison noted a century later, when an old woman 
begins to dote, and grow chargeable to the parish, she is 
generally turned into a witch, and the country people would be 
tossing her into a pond and trying experiments with her every 
day, if it were not for the authorities (Spectator, No. 117). 

A very familiar feature in country life turns up in connection 

1 Prothero, G. W., Select Statutes of Eliz. and James I, pp. 98, 10^. 



xxxviii introduction. 



with those houses, in that the family inhabiting it to whom in 
the first place it was allotted began to look upon it as their own, 
and to claim a right of domicile against the world, and further to 
dispose of it as they should think fit. The dispute about the 
house at Milton Clevedon may be cited as a typical example, 
particularly as the whole business is graphically set forth in this 
letter of Mr. Beynon. 

Goodman Montyr, I am requested to signifie to you what I 
heard from the parishioners of Milton Clevedon touching their 
clayme and challenge of the howse which yor sone lately dwelt 
in. First they delivered speeches to me publickly that the said _ 
house was built to be a house for the poore, and the predecessor 
of yor sone at that tyme being a poore man and destitute of a 
house the parish consented together to goe to Mr. Greene, 1 and 
to get from him some convenient place to build the said house 
upon, which they found out, and was granted by Mr. Greene 
unto them. And some of them affirme yt was granted Twayte 
and his wife and to his son by paroll only, and after them to the 
one aforesaid. After which grant and promise unto them 
confirmed by Mr. Greene, the said Twayte bestowed as much as 
he was hable to make of his own goodes, and the parishioners for 
the most parte contrybuted towards the same; and twenty 
shillings was given out of the Church box, and others that were 
strangers gave likewise towards the building of yt. Farther the 
greater part of the said parishioners went to Mr. Greene, and 
entreated me to goe with them ; and then gave a great onset 
with a very stout challenge, untill the enemy with the report of a 
double cannon called them knaves ; who being presently 
discomfited recoyled and took the soyle, and utterly disclaymed. 
This I am able confidently to affirme, and they themselves 
cannot deny if they were brought upon their othes. Also there 
is one Robert Tynny, one of the parish that was then one of the 
overseers of the poor, and one that was a chief doer in the 
business, will be redie at any time to deliver fully the estate of 
every thyng before good proofe. And so I leave you with your 
doings to God, yor friend Robert Beynon. Milton Clevedon, 
octavo, Febr., 1619 (S.R., xxv, ii, 43). Here the parishioners 

1 Lord of the manor, 



Jfntrottuctum. xxxix 



evidently allowed themselves to be frightened out of their rights, 
but the family of Greene possessed violent tempers, and a 
century before an earlier Greene had kept the parishioners off the 
hill of Milton with a sword drawn in his hand (Som. and Dors. 
N. and Q. y vi, w, 199). 

But after the poor family had been provided with a house, 
there remained the question of finding work for the able-bodied. 
In most cases the inmates were evidently expected to provide 
work themselves ; and the authorities were already concerned 
with the will-not-work and cannot-work classes in all varieties. 
Powell Daye being sent to Kelston to be provided with a house, 
or else to be set on work (p. 280) ; at the next Sessions the 
inhabitants informed the Court that he was a very unruly 
disordered person who cannot be trusted with any work 
(p. 283). 

ROADS AND BRIDGES. 

Business relating to these generally came before the Sessions 
by way of appeal. 

Within the parish the holders of grasslands only, and there- 
fore not possessed of teams, were apt to consider themselves 
exempt from any obligation to mend the roads, and had to be 
ordered to pay a rate per acre (appeal from Charlton Mackarel, 
p. 109 ; Baltonsborough, pp. 274, 280; Witcombe, pp. 324, 341). 
More often the effect of the appeal was to compel (by nature of 
a betterment) parishes near a main road to help to repair and 
maintain the same. The causeway between the east gate of 
Bridgwater and Crane bridge, in the parish of Bawdripp, was 
ordered to be mended by twelve parishes adjoining or likely to 
use the said causeway. In this case, however, the parishes 
threatened with this surcharge successfully appealed, after five 
years' litigation, Ilchester Sess., 1614, to Taunton, 1619. The 
parish of Taunton St. James having declined to repair Estridge 
street from the east gate of Taunton to St. Margaret's Hospital 
further than the dropping of their eaves, was ordered to pay 
equally with Taunton St. Mary Magdalene. Extraordinary 
traffic was alleged to be the destruction of the road from Crane 
bridge through Bridgwater to Petherton Heathfield ; and an 



xi Jfntttffluctum. 



extra payment was ordered to be made by the users. Stoke 
St. Michael complained that much extra traffic was caused by 
the opening out of many "colemines" in the country adjoining 
(p. 227) ; and the king's highway over Mendip had become 
founderous by reason of persons digging lead mines thereon, 
who were ordered to desist (p. 12). The parishioners of East 
and South Brent complained that after they had at their great 
charge repaired the Abbots Causeway in Mark parish, it was 
becoming founderous by reason of the traffic. The Court 
ordered that the two next Justices should take such course with 
the users as to prevent its being used (p. 321). This must refer 
to some destructive courses ; as I have heard a farmer complain 
mightily that he was not allowed to destroy the road by leading 
manure during a thaw, on the ground that he had helped to pay 
for the work done on the road in the summer. 

The repair and upkeep of bridges was a much more serious 
matter. Mould (Mowthe) bridge, which had been carried away 
in the great floods of 1607 (E. Green, Bibliography of Somerset, 
ii, 389 ; iii, 258) was to be repaired by the united efforts of 
Carhampton and Williton Hundreds. The work was not even 
begun by April, 1609, and heavy "morrsments" were laid upon 
the dilatory authorities, which called forth a letter full of 
excuses from Sir John Wyndham to the Quarter Sessions at 
Ilchester, 1609, with a promise that the bridge should be set up 
and well finished by Bartholomew Day next (pp. 45, 47). 
Stanmore(s) bridge was under repair in 1613 (p. 102), but in 
1625 it was still greatly decayed and dangerous for travellers ; 
so a peremptory order was made at the Wells Sessions that the 
ten parishes near unto should repair or make it new by the 
3<Dth May next Burrow bridge was to be rebuilt with stone, but 
as it appeared that this course (probably owing to the obstruc- 
tion of stone piers) would be prejudicial to the country near unto, 
it was ordered to be performed in wood " as it hath ever been here- 
tofore." Freshford bridge, now in decay in 1624, was found on a 
local enquiry to have been built by the Abbot of Bath and the 
Prior of Henton, with the benevolence of the whole county, two 
men being appointed by them in " disgoysed " habit to gather the 
charitable contributions of the whole county about one hundred 
years before, so the two Justices making the enquiry think it fit 



xli 



that it should be repaired by the whole county (p. 345). Fleet 
bridge in Shutterne, Taunton, was in great need of repair in 
1614 (p. 119), and was apparently finished by 1618 (p. 241) ; but 
at the Taunton Sessions of 1622 there was a complaint that a 
cottage had been built on the newly repaired bridge to its decay 
and the annoyance of the inhabitants (p. 317). It will be 
noticed how dilatory these proceedings could be ; and in the art 
of shelving disagreeable matters, particularly those involving 
expenditure of money, the action of local authorities has 
remained unchanged through three centuries. 

RATES AND APPEALS. 

These were frequent. An inhabitant considered himself 
aggrieved and sought a reduction. Thomas Morris of 
Henstridge had his poor rate reduced to four shillings, and on 
regular payment no distraint to be made beyond that sum 
(p. 167). The ty thing of Newton Placy made a successful 
appeal to have Petherton Park rated to half the amount laid 
upon it (pp. 315, 316). There seems, however, to have been an 
unusual lack of worldly wisdom in the churchwardens of Tintin- 
hull, who could not see how to raise the maimed soldiers' 
and hospital money indifferently according to every man's 
ability except by a tything rate ; which they were accordingly 
directed to levy and collect (p. 229). At the Ilchester Sessions, 
1623, Worle complained that they are much over-charged 
towards the maimed soldiers, hospitals, and other charitable uses, 
and desired relief from the adjacent parishes. After examination 
by Sir Edward Rodney and John May it was decreed that of the 
lump sum to be levied from Banwell, Worle, and Kewstoke, 
Banwell should pay one-half and the other parishes the other 
half in equal proportions, provided that Woodspring grange and 
farm, which claimed exemption on unknown grounds, do bear 
equal rates (pp. 328, 332). 

The Hundred rate also came up for revision, particularly that 
item known as the Composition money. In " Quarter Sessions 
from Queen Elizabeth to Queen Anne," by A. H. A. Hamilton, 
will be found a good account of the nature of this impost and of its 
history in Devonshire. Somersetshire made a composition in lieu 



xlii introduction . 



of the right of purveyance in 1590 (p. 184), and the arrangement 
seems to have worked well, as there are no records of complaints 
on either side during this period. The only difficulty arose in the 
apportionment on the different Hundreds. The four western 
tythings mentioned on p. 184 were the constituent parts of 
Kingsbury West, Wellington, West Buckland, Wiveliscombe, 
and Bishops Lydeard. The composition does not seem to have 
extended to all claims, and in 1613 the County had to find ten 
pounds for beer casks, which was paid by the Treasurer of the 
maimed soldiers, and to provide carts, when Queen Anne made 
a royal progress to the West (pp. 153, 163). 

In addition to rates levied on certain localities, already 
referred to, there were two special rates levied in this period. 
One was the Clothiers' rate. About 1620 the clothing trade of 
the West of England was much depressed. 

In Somerset Mr. N. Barnard and Mr. S. Westcombe were 
chosen to go up to London to interview the Privy Council 
"touching the redress of the decay of clothing" (p. 316). To 
pay their expenses an indifferent rate was ordered to be collected 
forthwith from every " weaving woollen loombes " that every 
clothier doth keep (p. 321). The distress in Frome was so great 
that at the Wells Sessions of 1622-23 the Treasurer of the 
Hospitals for the east division was ordered to pay one pound 
quarterly to the Constable of the Hundred, to be distributed as 
need shall require (p. 323). 

The other special rate was for the payment of the Muster 
Master, Captain Samuel Norton, whose salary was fifty pounds. 
His duties are given in Mr. E. Green's introduction to the Muster 
Rolls of Somerset, S.R.S., xx, 10, II. The payment was 
raised from the County with great reluctance. At the Bridg- 
water Sessions, 1616, there was an order made that as difficulty 
had arisen in regard to the raising of the salary which could not 
instantly be done, the Treasurer for the maimed soldiers should 
advance the money ; and it was not until a year had passed that 
the Q. S. ordered the rate to be made (p. 217). 



fntttftuctum. xliii 



HOUSES OF CORRECTION. 

The care and oversight of these buildings was an important 
part of the business at Sessions. At the beginning of the century 
there were Houses of Correction, sometimes called Bridewell, at 
Ilchester and Taunton. That at Ilchester was under the same 
roof as the gaol of evil memory : and at the Wells Sessions 
1614-15 the Justices made an order for the division of the rooms 
and courtyards between their servant the keeper and the Sheriff's 
servant the Gaoler (p. 128). As the portion allotted to the House 
consisted of two under rooms with the little court adjoining, the 
accommodation and lighting must have been terribly deficient. By 
1624 there was a new gaol at Ilchester, with the old arrangements, 
whereby a portion was marked off for the House of Correction. 
As the whole had been built at the great and general charge of 
the County, the sheriff was to pay ten shillings yearly to the 
Treasurer of the Hospitals of the west division as an acknowledg- 
ment for such rooms as were to be employed for the gaol 
(p. 349). In 1791 Collinson records that at Ilchester there was a 
new gaol built upon the modern improved plan. This was 
condemned by a Commission under the Great Seal in 1821 for 
its defective and insufficient accommodation and insanitary state ; 
and in 1843 the building was finally destroyed. 

The House of Correction at Taunton was in great decay in 
1608, and a rate was ordered to be levied for repairing the same. 
In 1612 William Skorier, the keeper, forwarded an account of the 
money laid out in time to prevent the " cheffested " rooms from 
falling to the ground, and stating that even then he had only two 
rooms, which are as yet very simple, to hold the prisoners, but 
he hoped it would be to the good liking of the Bench, and " to 
the suppressyone of vagrants and ydle Roges." After twelve 
years' service Skorier was removed on account of age and unfit- 
ness whereby " the western part of this County and especially the 
town of Taunton is much pestered with great numbers of 
wandering and disorderly persons who do much annoy the 
country " (p. 352). It is evident that the wholesome severity ot 
Sir John Popham of Wellington " towards wandering roagues 
which then swarmed exceedingly " had no lasting effects. 



xliv 



The accommodation provided at Ilchester and Taunton being 
insufficient, and the criminal class increasing, at the Ilchester 
Sessions of 1620 it was ordered that a House of Correction 
should be erected within the eastern part of this shire (p. 209). 
Four years later it was settled that the house should be at 
Shepton Mallett, to be erected at the cost of 160 with 60 
more for the fitting and finishing thereof. At the Wells Sessions 
of 1624-5 a committee of not less than six Justices was 
appointed to meet at Shepton Mallett on the first of February 
to consider of the ordering, contriving, and finishing of the 
House of Correction there. 

DRINK TRAFFIC. 

Our ancestors found this business exceedingly troublesome, 
and they were dealing with it on the lines which after three 
centuries are again being followed. 

The houses for the sale of drink were divided into two 
classes. There were the ancient Inns for which the occupiers 
claimed a prescriptive right that could not be gainsaid. Lewis 
Lyninge of Mark (p. 120), and Richard Gellicombe of Croscombe 
(p. 1 57) both alleged that their common tippling houses were 
ancient inns, whereupon committees were appointed to enquire 
of the ancient men and parishioners as to the facts in each case, 
but the results are not known. In 1615 the keepers of the 
three ancient inns at Axbridge found that their trade was being 
taken away by the disorderly tippling houses outside the liberties 
of the borough. 

The second class came under the designation of ale or 
tippling houses. In this period Parliament was much exercised 
by the growth of drunkenness, which was attributed to the great 
increase of facilities for drinking, as tippling houses sprang up on 
all sides. In June, 1605, the Lords of the Council sent instructions 
to the Devonshire Bench directing inter alia that the Justices in 
Petty Sessions should punish by the good behaviour such as be 
common drunkards and all common haunters of alehouses ; 
and if necessary suppress and put down alehouses and tippling 
houses (p. 70 of op. Y.). They also sent down a model code of 
regulations to be observed by all tipplers. The year before the 



xlv 



Justices of Devon had adopted stringent measures for " abridging " 
alehouses, which they declared to be the "nursery of lawless 
persons." All unlicensed or ill-ordered houses were to be forth- 
with suppressed, and no more to be licensed, "than are of 
necessity ; for the use of unlawful games there, and the abuse of 
God's good creatures by quaffing, drinking, and gluttony, is 
found by lamentable experience to be the cause of manifold 
dangerous effects " (pp. cit., p. 72). 

Quite as eloquent on the subject as their brethren in Devon, 
as may be seen in the information of John Lyminge of Green 
Oare to Dr. Francis James (p. 3), and the order made at the 
Wells Sessions, 5 James I. (p. 7), the Justices of Somerset 
grappled with the evil. The hill of Mendip was to be cleared 
of all tippling houses (pp. 8, 105). In 1615, on the petition of 
the jury of Bempstone Hundred that some of the six tipplers 
in Wedmore might be suppressed, the justices of that limit were 
ordered to examine, and, after licensing the fittest, to suppress 
the rest. At the Wells Sessions, 1616-7, the justices of each 
limit were to advise and see the disorderly alehouses and to 
suppress them. And such as they themselves cannot lawfully 
suppress, to acquaint the Judges thereof at the same Assizes, 
and to procure order and warrant from them to suppress the 
same. In 1618, on a petition from Martock that there had been 
many alehouses set up to the great annoyance of the most part 
of the said inhabitants, ordered that besides the inn there shall 
be only two alehouses. 

That the wants of a parish were calculated on a liberal scale 
appears from the answer to a petition from Yeovil that there 
were too many alehouses. At the Taunton Sessions, 1618, the 
Court ordered that there should henceforth be nine within the 
borough and two outside. Nowhere perhaps does the weakness 
of the executive appear more painfully than in the attempted 
suppression of these unnecessary tippling houses. Although 
James HaybalTs house on Mendip was the subject of serious 
complaint in 1607, ne was resident there in 1619 to the great 
distress of the parish of Emborough ; and when the licence was 
taken from him, he immediately in contempt let the house to 
John Helpes, who maintained the same evil courses. In 1609, 
Mr. Thomas Hughes complained of Walter Withers of Pilton 



xlvi 



for being a tippler without licence, a man very malapert, saucy, 
and obstinate, who had confessed his offence, but would justify 
himself by quillets and evasions (p. 36). John Pearce of 
Midsomer Norton, alehouse keeper, managed to get some justices 
on his side, and created a serious division at the Ilchester Sessions, 
1615 (No. 22). Mr. Lewis took it so much to heart that he 
addressed to the clerk of the peace the letter printed above on 
p. xxvi. Perhaps to prevent such pleasantness at the Bridgwater 
Sessions, 1618, it was ordered that a licence obtained from a 
justice in any other liberty or limit should be void. Under this 
order the licence of Robert Baker of Wellington should be 
suppressed, because he had obtained it at the Sessions when the 
justices of that division being then present were not acquainted 
with the grant, neither gave any consent thereto (p. 325). 

A limited form of Local Option was being exercised. Most 
of the inhabitants of Worle having petitioned that there were 
two alehouses " where they allege there needeth not any," and 
that there was much disorder, and so on, to their great disturbance, 
charge, and loss ; it was ordered that the two alehouses should 
be suppressed, and the licences, if they have any, taken from 
the- owners (p. 248). Against a proposed tippling house the 
parish of West Chinnock forwarded an eloquent petition. 

" Right Worshipfuls, May it please you to understand, there is 
one William Frenche, an inhabitant within our parish of West 
Chinnocke, who doth intend now at the next Sessions to procure 
a licence to keep an alehouse and to sell drinke, we the parish- 
ioners aforesaid do humbly entreate your worships you will not 
give way thereto, in regard whereof we do so that much 
inconvenience may arise thereby, because he hath kept tippling 
already for good space without licence, and doth continue yet 
unto this day, keeping very ill order at all times, entertaining all 
manner of persons whatsoever notwithstanding being presented 
by our constables at this last Assizes. There was never any 
alehouse knowen to be in our Parishe heretofore, neither do we 
think it fit that there should be any except it be to maintain 
idleness ; and thus leaving to trouble your worships we do 
commit you to the protection of the Almighty. West Chinnock 
this viijth of April (1621), your worships at all times to be 
commanded (signatures of twelve parishioners). Endorsed : 



Jfntrotiurtum. xlvii 



We to alehouse but by the justices of the said 

limit." (S.R. xxxvii, i, 17.) 

The brewing trade was also under supervision, both as 
regards the number engaged in the trade, and the quality of the 
beer supplied. At the Taunton Sessions, 1615, four brewers 
were licensed for Taunton to sell good and wholesome beer at 
three pence a gallon. On a petition from the chiefest of the 
inhabitants of Chard that the tipplers there brew their own beer, 
by reason thereof there was a risk of fuel being very scarce and 
dear, and that the beer was so strong that much drunkenness and 
other inconveniences ensued, so that the Almighty is much 
dishonoured thereby, it was ordered that Mr. Monday be licensed 
as a common brewer for the whole town (p. 174). 

Besides the regular and irregular houses of refreshment the 
Justices laboured to suppress the entertainments known as 
" Churchales, Clerkeales, Woodwardsales, Bidales, and all kinds 
of such like ales" (p. 2). The order made at Wells 1607-8, was 
re-issued at Ilchester, 1612, "by reason of the dearth of corn," 
and again at Ilchester in 1624. There is plenty of evidence on 
all sides to prove the bad effects of these drinkings. The parish 
clerk of Yeovilton having disobeyed the order of 1612 had his 
tippling licence taken away, and then procured this letter : 

" Good Mr. Brown, This bearer, John Gregory, our parish 
clerk of Yeovilton, who you know resteth in the mercy of the 
Court for brewing and keeping tippling the last year at Easter ; 
and as he informeth us is willed by you to get a certificate that 
he hath long since left off his tippling. These are to certify you 
that he did not keep any tippling sithence Midsummer last, 
neither will he at any time more hereafter ; for there is cause 
taken with us for the increase of his wages more than in former 
time hath been only to ' barr ' him from keeping any tippling at 
Easter as hath been formerly used. Wherefore we desire your 
favour toward him to free him of his former offence if possibly 
you may which will be a good warning unto him for any such 
future occasion. Thus leaving any farther to ' hoble ' you we 
rest always your neighbours and friends to serve, Will. Davis 
minister, Tho. Hodges, J. Coxe, John Baker, Will. Hopkins, 
Will. Collins, Robert Friday. Yeovilton, this 17 of Aprill, 1615." 
(S.R., xx, 73.) 



xlviii introduction. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

The Court supervised the appointment and behaviour of the 
lower ranks of authorities in the county. Their number was 
legion, and their duties unpleasant. In consequence it was 
frequently found necessary to coerce the individuals chosen to 
the office. Thomas Laurence, of Radlett, within the parish of 
Spaxton, refused to take upon him the office of a " biddle " 
(p. 10) ; three individuals in the tything of Felton refused to be 
tythingmen " to the intolerable trouble and charge of the rest of 
the inhabitants " (p. 94) ; and two inhabitants of Lullington 
complained that they had been obliged to execute that office for 
that the rest of the people refused the same (p. 307). The office 
of constable of the parish was not coveted at Claverton (p. in) ; 
while at Witcombe the residents complained that owing to the 
great number of non-resident occupiers, " they were scarce ever 
free from one office or the otl^er" (341). On the other hand the 
inhabitants of Backwell pretended an exclusive right to choose 
a high constable for the hundred of Bedminster cum HartclifFe ; 
but Sir George Snygge, Baron of the Exchequer, decided that 
" the right hath some times been exercised by men -,of other places 
within that Hundred " (pp. 9, 30). Brushford being inconvenienced 
by the absence of any authority, the Justices made a report that 
a petty constable would be most necessary and expedient and 
that they had sworn in William Lyddon to that office, Sept., 
1622 (pp. 319,321). 

In connection with the defence of the county against foreign 
and domestic disturbers of the peace may be noticed the petition 
from Taunton that the butts there had ceased to exist, on 
which they were ordered to be set up and maintained (p. 297) ; 
an order that the beacon on Rybery should be repaired and 
watched by all the inhabitants of Shepton Mallett (p. 252) ; and 
a general order issued at the Taunton Sessions, 1622, that watch 
and ward should continue in every parish. 

The Court of Quarter Sessions was approached for relief in 
every kind of difficulty. The parishioners of West Hatch com- 
plained that their vicar would not be content with his customary 
tithes, but threatened them with suits so that by no means could 



fntrotiuttton. xhx 



they be quiet with him. The vicar of Bicknoller's efforts to 
reform certain parishioners who played at bowls in the church- 
yard and preferred to see players at the time of divine service by 
citing them to the Ecclesiastical Court at Wells were much 
resented, and the Court was asked to " reclaim him from these 
and the like his uncharitable and malicious courses " (p. 60). 
The inhabitants of Tintinhull found by reason of divers trifling" 
and small suits depending between them arid Thomas Napper, 
gent., " great sums of money are likely to be spent and wasted to 
the impoverishment of divers persons," and therefore desired the 
Court to appoint an arbitrator to make a final end of the 
controversies (p. 156). There is also the petition of Frances 
Fursey that James and Joane Greedy, " people of lewd conversa- 
tion and naughty demeanor " had enticed away her husband 
Valentine, " a very simple and plain fellow," to live in some 
place unknown to any of his friends, and so she asks for redress 
of her wrongs. Perhaps the unfortunate Valentine feared the 
fate of another husband as given in the Sessions Rolls > 
XXV, 23. 

That about three months past one John Hall of Temple in 
the parish of Cameley, being fallen out with his wife Mary upon 
some speeches between them, and one Joane Sage her mother, 
and especially for that she would not set a hen a brood (being 
as it is reported xxx years old), and had no meat to give her,, 
and thereupon she stroke him upon the back with a frying pan, 
and the said smith being appointed to come to one Mr. Hobbs 
of the same parish the afternoon of the same day, he sent word 
that he could not come, for that his wife had stroke him with a 
pan^ and had beaten him. Whereupon afterwards the same 
being known abroad in the parish, some men there upon a 
working day usually used for making merry as their " Revill " day, 
then to make some sport had one to ride upon men's shoulders 
by the name of " Skymerton " without any hurt done or 
misdemeanours otherwise at all. For which Mr. Baker bound 
over five men (names given) to answer the same at the Sessions. 
(In connection with this "sport" eight men were committed at 
the Bridgwater Sessions 1616 to gaol for want of surety.) 

Even before the Court plain speaking was occasionally 
heard, Edward Pynny of Broadway being committed for 

Z 



fntrotiurtion. 



scandalising a minister and remanded to the next Sessions, 
in a very disordered manner said the Justices dealt hardly 
with him (p. 133). William Cleye of Langport Westover, for 
many misdemeanours and his insolent behaviour in court 
towards Mr. Pyne, saying that whatsoever he should say, the 
Clerk of the Peace and some other should swear it to be true, 
lost his licence. 

Then, as now, there were persons whose one aim in life was 
to be as great a nuisance as possible to their neighbours. The 
case of Elliott of Bruton is typical, which produced the following 
petition from the outraged inhabitants to the Bench. 

" Right Worshipful ; Whereas it is reported that there is 
a Bridewell appointed in our Countie for the correction of rude 
and disordered people ; soe it is that Jeffrey Elliott of our towne 
of Brewton, being a very dangerous fellow, and such a one which 
many the chiefest of our towne stand in great fear of, having not 
only demeaned himselfe very lewdly in general towards all, but 
also spoken to their face, and reported that he would set their 
houses on fire. Notwithstanding he hath been twice sent by 
authority from his Majesty's Justices to the said house, yet he 
is continued still in the common gaoyle, where he learns to 
become more rude ; which we the inhabitants of Brewton taking 
-to be a wrong not only to us but to the whole county, do desire 
you will be pleased to examine the truth thereof, whether there 
be any such place of correction, with the allowance, or not, if 
there be, that the whole county may have right, and this 
Elliott (for our Town's safety) his due desert. Thus leaving it 
to your judicious consideration we humbly take our leave and 
rest (signatures of petitioners). Brewton, I4th September." 
(S.R., xxxii, i, 40.) 

The desire of the petitioners seems to have been rather for 
vengeance ; but the following statement from Trent has a more 
modern tone. 

" Whereas Abraham Brokes alias Thorne of the parish of 
Trent is of late grown a very dissolute and idle person, in so 
much that abandoning his trade he hath given himself over 
wholly to drunkenness, quarrelling, and other ill causes, by 
means whereof he is become very offensive to his neighbours ; 
we whose names are underwritten, being desirous of his timely 



fntrotttutton. li 



reformation, do humbly entreat your Worshippes that you 
would be pleased to take such course as in your judgement 
shall seem meet, whereby his former life may be amended, 
which we earnestly desire as well for himself, as for his wife and 
children, who, if he continue these courses, cannot but suffer 
great want and misery, we humbly take our leave" (list of 
petitioners. S.R., xli, i, 52). From another petition dated at 
Trent 3Oth September, 1622, it appears that "without a licence 
and contrary to his recognizances of the good behaviour he 
built a tippling house, and with bull and bear baitings drew 
much disorderly company together." The case of Elizabeth 
Busher was, perhaps, even more serious, as she was reputed 
and feared to be a dangerous witch (p. 96). 

That the Bench of Quarter Sessions possessed disciplinary 
powers involving indeterminate sentences is clear from an order 
(No. 13) made at the Wells Sessions, 1623-4, that, on information 
that Thomas Wyatt of Preston had become a very lewd and 
dangerous person not fitting to live at liberty for fear of doing 
hurt and injury to the King's subjects, he should be sent to the 
House of Correction to be safely kept and set on work until 
further order be taken. 

This order seems a link between the civil and the criminal 
business with which this volume is not concerned. After a 
perusal not only of the Minute books, but also of the multitude 
of documents contained in the Sessions Rolls, giving the very 
acts and words of the parties in all ranks of society concerning 
the matter in hand, two reflections have been very clearly 
impressed on my mind. The first is that the lives of these plain 
English folk are the fountain from which the crowd of 
Shakespeare's characters is derived. Every one of his squires, 
constables, serving men, labourers, clowns, drunkards and other 
picturesque villains, have their real prototypes in these pages. 
Only a man in touch with life in all its aspects, high and low, 
could have reproduced them, in the words of Hamlet : " so that 
they overstep not the modesty of nature ; for anything so 
overdone is from the purpose of playing, whose end, both at the 
first, and now, was, and is, to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to 
nature : to show virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, 
and the very* age and body of the time, his form and pressure." 



lii 



The other reflection is of a more serious nature. Every ill in 
the body politic, now being diagnosed and treated, was already 
recognised and provided with a remedy. Want of housing 
accommodation, want of work, the difficulty of keeping local 
authorities up to the mark, evils of the drink traffic, the nuisance 
of tramps and vagrants, the danger of a weak-minded viciously- 
inclined residuum among the population, were already the 
subject of paternally-minded legislation, and the care of an 
energetic magistracy. That after three centuries these remedies 
have not produced the results aimed at is plain on every side. 
The descendants of the justices are still passing sentence on the 
descendants of the delinquents for the same offences ; and the 
difficulties of the County Council are those of the Quarter 
Sessions, more complicated and more expensive. This may 
seem a pessimistic frame of mind, but twenty years' experience 
of life in the country and local district government has raised 
an uncomfortable foreboding that even after the lapse of another 
three centuries the millennium may still be delayed. For to 
conclude with a well-worn observation : " Naturam expelles 
furca, tamen usque recurret." And so, in the words of the 
petitioners to their Worships of the Bench, I humbly take 
my leave. 



SOMERSET 

QUARTER SESSIONS RECORDS, 



TEMP. JAMES I. 



SESSIONS ROLLS, BOOK I. 

[4, 33, 40 ELIZABETH, 1561, 1591, 159;.] 

1. "The saying of Christian Hayes of Strotton the 29th day 
of December, 1561, before James Bisse," being slanderous accu- 
sations made by John Acarye on Stephen's day last against Alice 
Clarke as she (Christian Hayes) was coming from the church at 
Evercreech in the company of the said John Acary or Cary his 
wife and the said Alice [Alee] Clarke. 

2. Somerset. An Order made at George Hinton the 6th of 
December, 1597, under the hands and seals of Sir Anthony 
Poulett and John Portman, Esq., for the maintenance of an 
illegitimate child born within the parish of Chiselborough. 
Endorsed, "A Certificat against Steephen Templecombe 
[Templeman] and Alice Thomas by Sir Anthonie Pawlet, 
Knight, and John Portman, esquire, in causa Spuritat. apud 
Wells xlmo." ' 

3. Dunster. An Application by the Constables and others 
for a permit to allow eight poor people of Dunster whose names 
are given to seek their relief amongst well disposed persons 
elsewhere, " because we find in our said town a far greater charge 
of poor people than we among ourselves are able to relieve." 

B 



(Ohmrter desftumd 



Dated 7th of January, 1597, etc. "The names of the poor," etc. 
These are licensed to beg within the hundreds of Carhampton 
and Williton Free Manors. 

4. Orders taken and agreed upon by Christopher Kenn and 
John Maye, Esquires, etc., concerning a bastard child born at 
Axbridge, etc., by one John Strowde of Shepton Mallett, etc., 
tanner, and Margery Moore, of which child the said John Strowde 
was found to be the reputed father the 28th of September, 1592, 
the father to pay weekly %d. to the Collectors for the poor of 
Axbridge until the child should be able to get his own living, 
and all arrearages and money due after the said rate since the 
said child's birth. And for discharge of his punishment pay 
unto the forenamed Christopher Kenn at or on this side the first 
day of May next 4 for the amending and repairing of found- 
erous market and highways within the said countie, or else to be 
whipped, being naked from the waist upwards, openly through 
three several market towns at the time of the full markets, viz., 
Axbridge, Wells and Shepton Mallett, etc. The said Margery 
Moore shall weekly pay unto the said Collectors sixpence of 
like money, etc., and to be openly whipped in and upon two 
several market days throughout the full market of Axbridge 
aforesaid, being naked from the waist upwards, etc. 

5. The names of such as this year have not performed their 
due works to the highways in the parish of Weare within the 
hundred of Bempston. 



SESSION ROLLS, BOOK II (1607-8). 

i. Somerset. At the General Sessions of the Peace holden 
at Ivelchester on the I4th of April, 5 James [1607]. Roger 
Chaplin of Streat, husbandman, is licensed and appointed by the 
Justices to be a common lader, badger, kidder, buyer, carrier 
and transporter of butter and cheese within the said county of 
Somerset, and the same so bought to carry and sell again in 
any open fair or market within the counties of Wilts, Hants and 



onur*t 



Devon, so that he use and occupy the same according to the tenor 
and true meaning of the statute made and provided against 
Regrators, forestallers and ingrossers, etc. This licence to con- 
tinue for one whole year next after the date hereof, etc. 

Tho. Phelyppes. 
John Farewell. 
John Adams. 

2. A similar licence granted at the same Sessions to John 
Stone of Newton in the said county, husbandman, to buy corn, 
butter and cheese within the same county and to be a common 
badger, kydder, lader and carrier of corne, butter and cheese 
according to the form of the statute, etc., and the same so bought 
to carry and sell again in any open fair or market within the 
said county of Somerset or the counties of Wilts, Dorset and 
Devon, and to return out of the said county of Devon, " loaden 
with fyshe pilcorne salte or some other comodities of the same," 
arid to sell again and deliver in like open fair or market in the 
said county of Somerset. Provided that he shall not travel by 
this licence with above three horses at the most ; the same to 
have continuance for one whole year from the date hereof. 
[Signed and sealed by the same Justices.] 

31. The information of John Lyminge of Greene Oare upon 
the forest of Mendippe, given to Francis James, doctor of law, 
1 6th July, 1607. 

Who informeth and saith that at Green Oare on the forest 
of Mendipp there is an alehowse kept and drink contrary to 
the statute ; wherein there is much disorder. In which alehouse 
he saith that about a week after midsummer last past there was 
a notorious thief kept and concealed who was said to have 
come out of Essex and having continued there the space of a 
fortnight he was' by the host of the house (whose name is 
James Hayball) and his wife furnished of new apparel, a horse 
and other necessaries, and so conveyed out of the country, which 
thief was, as the said Lyminge hath been informed, and is able 
to produce his author, had committed some fact (?) and being in 
danger to have been apprehended was there harboured. And 
further he informeth that there is such continual drunkenness, 



(uavtn* dutfum* 



swearing, swaggering, and blasphemy of the name of God, as is 
most insufferable in a well governed commonwealth, and most 
scandalous and offensive to all well disposed Christians, and there 
humbly prayeth that reformation may be had, and such horrible 
and excessive sin and wickedness suppressed. " Addinge " that 
Hayball's wife and one Scudgell (?) have sold stolen oare. That 
Bushop a thief was entertained there and went away in his boots 
in a night when one Burge of Chewton had a mare stolen. 
That three suspicious fellows came into the house and parted 
money, at a time when one Cornishe of Wells was robbed. 
ffran : James. 

40. Certificate in favour of Alexander Scalter of Brislington 
signed by James Langton and others dated nth of January, 
1607-8, and directed to the Justices at Wells Quarter Sessions. 

41. Application for an adjournment for the further hearing 
of a paternity case until the next General Sessions. [Agnes 
West and Thomas Jeffery.] From Taunton this gth day of 
January, 1607-8, signed by Ja. Clark and George ffarewell. 

42. Certificate signed by the overseers and churchwardens of 
Corry Revell that a child towards the releavingand maintenance 
of which Marmaduke Comstock had been ordered to pay four- 
pence every week by the Right Worshipfuls Sir Edwarde 
Hexte and Sir Thomas Phillips Knights is dead and Buryed the 
xth day of January. 

43. Petition to the Justices of the Peace at the Wells 
Sessions 1607-8 from the parishioners of Chuton, [Chewton] 
stating that Richard ffeare a man above 60 years of age born 
within the parish of Chew Magna and having spent a great part 
of his time in working for lead oare upon the fforest of Mendip, 
had lately become almost blind and likely to become charge- 
able to the parishioners of Chuton except speedy redress be had 
therein. In consideration thereof they desired an order for his 
maintenance in the parish where he was born " the rather for 
that he had never any settled abiding place in any sort with 
us at Chuton nor was ever taken as a parishioner there by 



(JIhtartn* 



receiving the Communion or performing any other duty belonging 
to a subject," etc. 

44. Letter from William Hill to his very good friend and 
patron Mr. Thomas Horner Esquier certifying what was confessed 
to him by Andrew Virgin and Silvester Wats. 5 James I. 

45. General Sessions of the Peace, etc., held at Bridgwater, 
in the county aforesaid the Tuesday before the feast of St. 
Matthew the Apostle Anno Dni 1607. Sir John Windham, 
Knight, and George Luttrell Esqr. two Justices, etc., ordered 
and desired to " examine the behaviour and quallety " of James 
Pearse of Winsford, etc., husbandman, accused of being " a man 
of very evill disposicon and doth receaue and harbour in his 
howse many vagarant lewd and suspicious psons [persons]," etc. 

(Signed) p. Johem Saward, Deput. Clici pacis. 

The Justices named to certify their proceedings herein at the 
next Sessions. 

Opinion (endorsed on this document) by the said Justices 
that the said Pearce should be dismissed as a tippler. 

Wells, 5. " Hee is to be dissmyssed for eu' [ever] to Teple 
again and an order to be drawn to that effect." 

46. A notification signed by " Jasper Jones minister " 
and seven other parishioners of Westbuckland, dated loth of 
January, 1607-8, to the effect that one Ely nor Burley of 
Axminster and her child were both dead and buried, for whom 
Thomas Clarke was bound to appear at this sessions at Wells 
for a reputed matter of incontinency. And that the said Thos. 
Clarke had satisfied her brothers and friends of all such things 
as are fit and necessary concerning the matter although she 
died before any child was born into the world. 

61. Articles against Thomas Marsh and Thomas Traske 
wardens atYevel [Yeovil]. Some of the disorders at our Church 
ale at Yeavell this year 1607. 

It was an usual thing upon the " saboth " day to have 
minstrelsie and dauncinge and " carriynge men vpon a cavell stafe, 



(Quarter &t$iQn& 



the wardinges themselves Thomas Marshe and Roger Traske 
wear willingly so caried to the church." " Witness : Thomas 
Braine, Thomas Jarves," etc. 

62. Letter dated from Cloford I5th of September, 1607, 
written by Thomas Hornyr, addressed to the Justices, etc., at 
this General Sessions assembled, stating that the bearer hath been 
very much abused by one Skryne who, etc., have overthrown a 
stone bridge of this bearer's, where he did usually travel with his 
plough to fetch his corn ; by that means he was constrained to 
drive two miles about and his plough in danger of drowning, 
etc. And therefore I pray you to take that course with him 
and the rest according to their lewd deserts, etc. 

63. Letter dated from Chew written by your loving frend 
Fra. Baber, I3th Septr. to Sir Edward Hext, Knight, and John 
Pine, Esquier, respecting " Old Pricket his wife and his daughter 
bound over to this Sessions upon the complaint of Allin," etc. 

64. Thomas Nethellyng confesseth he keepeth three fighting 
bulls, with which he travelleth to such watches and oilier 
places as he is hired ; and saith since Easter he hath been at 
Ilton; two days at Baker's Churchale, and had for his Bull's 
fighting there i$s. ^d. ; and at Ilchester with John Bowden at a 
watch which he kept ; and at Gregory Stoke with one Trystram 
Bale, who kept a watch, and had there gs. He was likewise at 
Meere in Wiltes, where he stayed two days with his Bulls and 
had xxs. for his pains ; and was likewise at Sturminster in 
Dorset at Rasedowne watch, where he stayed two days and 
had xxj. for his pains ; and was also at Sherborne Churchale 
with his bull, and stayed there one day, and had for his bull's 
fighting xs. Edw. Hext. Flagell. and relax. 

65. Letter from John Gerard of Kingsbury, dated nth of 
January, 1606-7, to Maurice Gylbert, Esq. of Wytcombe, 
soliciting permission for a poor man [John Bishop of Milborne 
Port, carpenter] to build a cottage on waste land. 

66. Permission given to said John Bishop to build such 
cottage upon a parcel of waste, the inheritance of John Gerrard, 
gentleman, etc. 



(Quarter gt>t38ion$ 



77. January 1 3th, 1607-8, at Wells. An order at the Sessions 
forbidding bull-baitings. 

It was at this present Sessions ordered, etc., "that all 
Bulbaytings, Bearebaytings, Churchales, Clerkeales, Woodwards - 
ales, Bidales, and all kindes of such like ales whatsoever be 
imediately fro henceforth throughout whole countie of Sorftst 
vtterly forbidden and suppressed. And that an order heretofore 
taken concerning the said Churchales and such like at Bridge- 
water by the late Lord Cheife Justice of England and other 
justices of the peace of this Countie then and there present be 
henceforth fully renewed, confirmed, and established," etc. 

All the inhabitants of each parish to be rated for reparation 
and maintenance of the church. Signed by Jo. Bath and Wellen. 
and eleven other Justices. Jo. Bath and Wellen, Jo. Rodney, 
Henry Walrond, ffran : James, Thomas Hughes, Fra. Baber, John 
Stocker, John fifarewell, John May, John Adams, Christopher 
Preston, John Pyne. 

79. An order for referring the case of the paternity of an 
illegitimate child born in Wells, to three Justices. 

80. An order made at the General Sessions at Wells 
5 James I. for the relief and maintenance until the next General 
Sessions of Henry Porter, late of Evercreech " Grome " [Groom] 
being lately pressed for His Majesty's service, and travelling 
towards the place of " imbarquing " himself and the rest of his 
company, did casually by the discharging a calliver receive a 
wound and mayheme in one of his hands, by means whereof 
he being by trade only a husbandman, is wholly disabled 
[disinabled] to get his living by his labour, etc. The order 
made on the inhabitants of the hundred of Wells, for that he 
was to have served for the same hundred, etc. " And whereas 
there is some portion of a former rate beyond and due unto him 
out of the Town of Wells, it is likewise ordered that for his 
better relief the same shall forthwith be satisfied unto him." 

8 1. An order made at the General Sessions held at Wells 
5 James I., against persons keeping tippling or ale houses upon 
" the hill of Mendipp." " Fforasmuch as upon due examination 



8 Somerset (Quarter dt&tottf 



it hath unto the Court at this Sessions manifestly appeared that 
divers notorious misdemeanors and abuses have been committed 
by such as without or by or under the pretence of licences have 
kept Tippling or Alehouses upon the hill of Mendipp, as well in 
receiving and harboring of Thieves and other Lewde vagrant 
and wandering persons as also in respect they standing remote 
from the eye and view of such officers as have the charge of 
government are reputed to be places of receipt of common 
drunkards and of laborers and menservants, suffering them to 
spend their time and waste their goods in most lewd and vicious 
manner, as well in tippling and bowsing there upon the Sabbath 
and holy days at the time of divine service, as at and on other 
days and times when they should be at their work. It is there- 
fore at this Sessions ordered and decreed that henceforth no 
person or persons whatsoever at or in any place upon the said 
hill shall be licensed, permitted, or suffered to keep any Ale- 
house or Tippling house, or to suffer any to eat or drink by way 
of tippling in their said houses, or to employ their or any of 
their said houses as alehouses there, or to keep any house or 
houses of receipt or loding for any travellers, wanderers or 
vagrant persons whatsoever, upon such pain, penalty and punish- 
ment as by the laws and ordinances of this realm are to be 
inflicted upon such as shall in such sort offend." 

82. An order made at the same Sessions against Thomas 
Kerley of Wells and Andrew Virgin of Nunney, for the support 
of the child of Silvester Watts of the parish of Mells. [See 
No. 20.] 

83. (a) An order made at the same Sessions against John 
Dagg of Wookey, for the support of the child of Susan Wilcox of 
Wookey. 

83. (b) At the same Sessions an order made that the matter 
in variance between Edward ffathers of Ivelchester and William 
Kellway, his apprentice, be referred to the examination of 
Mr. Maurice Gilbert, Mr. John ffarwell, and Mr. Alexander 
Ewens, or unto any two of them. 



(Quarter de&tfum* 



84. An order made for the delivery of James Norman from 
the house of correction in Taunton. 

84. An order made for the settlement of the child of 
Elizabeth Goodman on "the Town of Wells." The mother 
" travelling from the Town of Wells (where she had lately before 
been abiding) unto the waterside to seek her passage into 
Wales, and fortuned in her journey to be delivered of child in 
the parish of Uphill, etc." 

85. fforasmuch as at these Sessions complaint hath been 
made that Thomas Strowde of ... in the County of 
Somerset . . . hath wilfully refused to pay such rateable 
proportion towards all common charges for His Majesty's service 
as his indifferent neighbours have taxed on him. It is therefore 
ordered that if he shall at any time hereafter refuse to satisfy 
such indifferent Rates as shall be in such causes imposed upon 
him, that a Warrant of the good behaviour be forthwith awarded 
against him to answer his contempt in that behalf. 

It is ordered that John Guppy, at this Sessions convicted and 
punished as an incorrigible Rogue [Roage], and Paschy Guppy 
his wife, shall be both delivered out of warde and a pass or 
warrant for their conduct or pass unto the place of their last 
abode, according to the law. 

86. General Sessions of the Peace taken at Wells, etc., 
Wednesday next after the Feast of Epiphany, 5 James I. 

An order confirming the ancient custom or usage of the 
inhabitants of Backwell to elect and nominate a high constable 
within the said parish of Backwell, etc., " that now or late the 
Steward of the hundred of Rackcliffe hath endeavoured to 
abridge them of that prerogative, and by innovation hath taken 
the election of that officer from them, and chosen a constable in 
another parish," etc. 

The examination of the matter of Bastardy wherewithall Hugh 
Prince of Glaston, in the county of Somerset, gent, is charged 
to be referred to the Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, Mr. Doctor 
James, Sir John Rodney, Kt., Tho. Hughes, Esqr., or to any two 
of them, etc. 

C 



to 



87. Reference to a jury of the inhabitants of the hundred of 
Cannington of the cause of Thomas Laurance of Radlett within 
the parish of Spaxton, husbandman, who refused to take upon 
him the office or duty of a " Biddle " when the same falleth unto 
his turn, etc. 

88. Order made that Mathew Joyce of Evercreech, gent, shall 
pay I2d. weekly towards the relief of the child of Jane Webb 
until he bring forth one David ffurbor the reputed father, etc. 

Order referring the cause of Thomas Morris of Henxtridge, 
etc., yoman, who had refused to pay such rateable proportion 
towards all common charges for His Majestys service, etc., to 
Maurice Gilbert and John ffarwell, Esqrs. 

89. At the General Sessions of the Peace taken at Wells, etc., 
Wednesday the 2oth. 

The cause of John Vyle of Southpetherton, husbandman, the 
accused father of the base child of Elyonor Luccock of Kingsbery 
to be referred unto Sir George Speak, Knight, Henry Walrond 
and John Pyn, Christopher Preston, Esquiors, or any three or 
two of them, etc. 

90. The case of William ffooke of Glaston, butcher, and Mary 
Rodney referred to Mr. Doctor James and Thomas Hughes, 
Esq. 

The case of Robert Jennyngs of Trull, husbandman, and 
Jane Drywood referred to James Clarke and George ffarwell, 
Esqs. 

An order that John Herne of Thorn, etc., Clerk, be committed 
to the common gaol without bail or mainprice until he pays all 
arrearges and perform an order heretofore made in a cause of 
bastardy, etc. 

91 (a) An order referring the cause of William Hellyer of 
Puckington, and Mary Parsley to Sir George Speake and 
Henry Walrond, Esq. 

[Paternity case.] 

(b) An order referring to two of the next justices, etc., 
William Rogers als Lokyer of Lemyngton and Alee Hopkins. 



(Quarter &t&&io\\$ iEUcortte. n 



(V) Whereas Anna Waters of Pylton in the county of 
Somerset is accused with stealing of wool from her Master to the 
value of \\i]d. it is ordered that she be set in the stocks in the 
open market at Shepton Mallet on Friday next being the xith 
of January, 1607-8, and there to continue with a lock of wool 
hanged before her, purporting her offence during the continuance 
of the market that day. 

(V) An order for the release and discharge of Thomas 
Carpenter of Westbuckland in the matter of child of which he 
had been accused to be the father, the said Thomas having by 
certificate this day informed the court that the said child is dead, 
etc. 

92 (a) An order that Mathew Joyce of Evercreech in the 
county of Somerset, gent, do pay I2d. weekly towards the relief 
of a child of one Joane Webb, the payment thereof to continue 
untill he bring forth one David ffurbar the reputed father of the 
same child, etc. 

92 (b) Whereas one Richard ffeare late of Chew Magna hath 
a long time " bin a grover of lead uppon the forest of Mendipp 
wthin [within] the parish of Chewton and only lodged or layn 
thear w l hin the same pishe of Chewton in a groue [grove] howse 
during such time as he wrought theare. And is of late decayed 
in his body and not able longer to maintain himself by his 
labour " it is therefore ordered that he be sent back to the parish 
of Chew Magna and there relieved according to the law. 

92 (c) Whereas William Beaks, late Constable of the 
hundred of Winterstoke, hath made complaint that the sums 
of 6 gs. 8d. ob, is denied to be paid out of divers tithings 
within the said hundred for His Majesty's service, which the 
said late constable hath already paid out of his purse. It is 
therefore ordered that Sir Ew. Gorges, Kt, John May and John 
Addams, Esq., shall examine the matter and to take such course 
therein as unto them shall seem fit in justice and equity. 

93 (a) Whereas one Roger Walter of Discowe within the 
parish of Brewton did about Michaelmas last retain one Hugh 



12 



Merick to serve him for a year as a shepherd, who served a 
month or more thereof, notwithstanding the Walter hath put him 
away contrary to the law (if the said suggestion be true). It is 
therefore ordered that the said Merick do return to his said 
Master and to serve out his covenant or to be discharged 
according to the statute in such case provided. 

93 (b) An order that the examination of the matter in 
variance between the inhabitants of Kaynsham Hundred and the 
inhabitants of Kaynsham be referred to John Stocker, John 
Addams, and Francis Baber, Esquires. 

95. Order made at Wells Sessions 1607-8, that James Pearce 
of Winsford shall not henceforth at any time hereafter be licensed, 
permitted or suffered to keep any alehouse, tippling house or 
house of entertainment to lodge or harbour any wayfaring persons 
whatsoever. 



SESSION ROLLS, BOOK III, i. (1608). 

17. The examination of Agnes Pope of Minehead within the 
said county, spinster, taken before me, George Luttrell, Esquire, 
etc., 5th day of February, 5 James I. [1607-8]. A paternity 
case, mention made of a place called Rockehead between Dunster 
and Minehead. 

1 8 (a} An order made for the settlement of Elizabeth 
Hodges in the Parish of Glaston. 

(b} An order made that divers informations exhibited by Peter 
Barber, gent, against divers persons of the parish of Ylmnster 
[Ilminster], shall be tried at the next General Sessions holden at 
Taunton. 

(c) Whereas the Court hath been this day informed that by 
means of digging lead oare upon the fforest of Mendip the King's 
highway there in divers places is become very founderous and 
exceeding dangerous for His Majesty's liege people in passing 
that way, it is therefore at this Sessions ordered that none shall 



(Quarter de&umg Sftecorfcg. 13 



henceforth dig or make any mines [moyns] in the said highway 
upon pain that may ensue, etc. 

(d) It is ordered that Willm. Gryffin, now a prisoner remain- 
ing in the gaol, shall forthwith be delivered unto William Addams 
Constable of the hundred of Horethorn. 

0) Licence granted unto John Cole of Wollavington, husband- 
man, to erect and build a cottage within the parish of Wollaving- 
ton upon parcel of the inheritance of [ ] Wyllys. 

An order made that the examination of Hugh Prince of 
Glaston, gent, and another in the case of paternity be referred to 
Sir John Rodney, Knight, Mr. Doctor James and Thomas Hughs, 
Esq., etc., to certify at the next General Sessions. 

20. At the General Sessions of the Peace holden at Ivelchester 
the 5th day of August, 6 James I. 

An order rescinding an order made at the General Sessions 
held the I3th day of January, 1607-8, that Richard ffeare should 
be sent unto Chew Magna where he was born and there be 
relieved according to the law, etc., inasmuch as this Court hath 
this present day been informed that the said Richard ffeare was 
not dwelling in Chew Magna this twenty and odd years. And 
upon [pfe] proof thereof. And also upon the certificate now 
shewed forth under the hands of Sir Geo. Snigg, one of the 
Barons of the Exchequer, and Sir Hugh Smyth, Knight, and 
others which have taken pains and examined the same case, etc., 
ordered that the said ffeare shall be remanded back to the parish 
of Wells where it appeareth he hath inhabited for a long time, 
etc. 

21. Whereas William Payne of Hunspill, etc., hath suffered 
great losses as well by the burning of his house as also by the 
last great inundation of waters, etc. It is therefore ordered at 
this Sessions holden at Bridgwater the I5th September, 1607, 
that the said Willm. Payne shall have from the Treasurer of the 
hospitals of the Western limit the sum of forty shillings, etc. 

To the " Treasorer " of the Hospital of the Western limit 
or his sufficient deputy. 

Jo. Malet, Francis Popham, Edward Rogers. 



22. An order referring the case of John Browne of Wyncalton 
and ^fortune Harris as to the paternity of a child to Sir John 
Rodney, Knt, John Stocker and Thomas Hughes, Esquiers, 
etc. 

23. An order made at the General Sessions at Ivelchester 
5 April 6 James [1608] referring the case of Hugh Merrick of 
Brewton complaining of his old poor and impotent estate as 
one having no means to " releeff himself," etc., to Sir " Morris " 
Barkley, Knight, and John ffarewell, Esquire, etc. 

24. An order referring the case of Bryan Jellett of Tyntenhull 
husbandman, and Mary Pyttard of Kingesbury, Spinster, unto 
Sir Tho. Phelipps, Kt, Henry Wallrond, Jo. Pyne and Christopher 
Preston, Esqrs. [Paternity case.] 

25. An order made at the Sessions as to the relief and 
settlement of servants and labourers. 

26. A calendar of the prisoners at the General Sessions at 
Ivelchester 5 April, 6 James I. 

27. An order made by Sir John Rodney, Knight, and 
Francis James, Doctor of the law, etc., the last day of March, 1608, 
concerning a child born of Alice Hopkins of Lymington of 
which Willm. Rogers of Lymington is the reputed father. 

28. An order made on Thomas Atkyns of Merryett, 
" ffustianweaver," for the maintenance of the child of Elizabeth 
Scriven of Crickett Thomas, which our said order Alexander 
Atkyns, vicar of Merryott, father of the said Thomas Atkins, hath 
undertaken shall be performed. Dated I2th March 1607, 
Henry Walrond, John Pyne, Crystofer Preston. 

36. The examination of Richard ffeere taken before John 
Stocker and ffrauncis Baber, Esquires, the 27th day of January 
5 James I. [See No. 20.] 

Who saith that he was born at Chew and that about 20 year 
ago since he removed from thence and came to Chewton and 
wrought at the hill and lodged and made his abode at Green 



Quarter &t&ion$ tfiecottte. 15 



Oare with one White for the space of eight years or thereabouts 
and paid the said White for a room or lodging two pence by the 
week and so from thence went to Wells and rented a chamber of 
one Thomas Kellwaye in Wells and paid for the same eight 
shillings by the year for his rent and continued there two years 
and half and in that meantime he wrought a " groof " at Cuckcone 
Cleeves upon Mendipp being within the liberty of Wells. And 
further saith that after he removed from Wells he came and 
made another groof (?) house at Tower hill being also within the 
liberty of Wells and wrought the said groof by the space of half 
a year in which meantime space he lay in his groof house and 
bought his victuals at the Ale house there. And from thence 
came to Cuckcone (?) Cleeves within the liberty of Chewton and 
there wrought in another groof by the space of two years and 
lay in the groof house all that time. And then being not able 
to work any longer by reason of sickness and other infirmities a 
brother of his brought him to Chewton to the Inn one Friday 
last. And also further saith that all the meantime while he lay 
in Wells he did watch and ward for his landlord being an old 
man and that he received the communion there and paid his 
offerings to Mr. Crosse being then parson or farmer of the 
parsonage of Wells. 

John Stocker. 
Fra. Baber. 

37. 2nd day of October, 1607, and the 3rd day of April, 1608. 
As to the paternity of a child at Luccombe, Dorothy Haynes and 
Charles Webber. Evidence taken before George Luttrell, 
Esqre. 

38. A pass for a poor man going from Bristol to his home 
at North Curry, signed by the Mayor of Bristol and an 
Alderman. 

Whereas this bearer John Lyder hath bin Dwellinge lately in 
this City w th one Willm. Harris Inholder and ys of late by meanes 
of his longe sicknes fallen into povertye and ys very lame and 
feeble not able to goe and was (as he informeth) borne at North 
Curry in the county of Somst, these are therefore to pray and 
requier all constables and tythingmen to whome these pnts 



1 6 domenfet (Quarter &e$3ton$ ffttcorfcg. 

[presents] shall or may appteyne [appertain] to cause him to be 
caryed from tythinge to tythinge and pishe [parish] to pishe 
vntill he shalbe brought to North Curry afforesaid, and to 
releyve him by the way as his necessitie shall Requier. Yeoven 
at Bristoll afforesaid the XXth of June, 1608. 

Mathew Haviland, Mayor. 
John Webbe, Alderman. 

52. The petition of " your daily orator John Browne of 
Wincaunton " stating that ffortyn Harrys, his late servant and 
then inhabiting within the parish of Shipham Montacute 
(Shepton Montacute) had greatly wrongged him in accusing him 
of being the father of her child : he therefore asks for a further 
examination of the said ffortyn Harris whereby the truth may be 
known, etc., and that she might have such due correction as may 
please your worships to impose and inflict upon her whereby she 
may make known the father of the child. 

53. A request dated the 3rd of April, 1608, from the 
Churchwardens and " side men " of the parish of Trull to the 
Justices of the Peace being " president " at the Sessions now 
holden at Ilchester, stating that one Robert Jennings had had 
two base in his house, etc. " We request your Worships' censure 
and lawful justice in these matters of indifferent requests, 
whereby our parish may be discharged or saved harmless of 
these base children of whatsoever incumbrance may befall, etc. 

Churchwardens of Trull John Babbe, Robert Smyth ; Side 
men Henry Moore, John Smith, Richard Crosse, William 
Hearinge. 

54. A certificate dated the 3rd day of April, 1608, addressed 
unto the Right Worshipfull Mr. John Pyne, Esquier, signed by 
twenty-six of the inhabitants of Midlezoy, stating that whereas 
John Newman within our parish of Midlezoy hath been informed 
to the Right Worshipfull Sir Edward Phillipps to be of " inhonest 
and illbehaviour " they had thought it good to certify unto you 
and to the rest of this Worshipful Bench that he liveth very 
honestly and with his handy labour as is fitting for a man of his 
sort, etc. 






(Quarter &*$gtons! 2&ecorfc$. 17 



20th of March, 1607. 

Right Worshipfulls, etc., whereas by information of John 
Harris unto Sir Ed. Phelips, His Majesty's Sergeant, he did grant 
a warrant of the good behaviour against one John Newman of 
Midlezoy for arresting of the foresaid Harris in the parish church 
of Othery with common process at the suit of Mr. Edward Deyer 
esquier after the epistol and gospel was ended ; he saith in his 
information that the Minister was then disturbed in reading 
divine prayer ; these are therefore to certify unto the Worshipfuls 
of this Bench by me Henry Pike, minister there, and many 
others of my parishioners hereunder written that there was no 
disturbance at all in the church, but that Harris was going forth 
of the church and this Newman stepped to him and whispered 
softly in his ear and then they departed quietly together 
etc. 

Signed by " Henry Picke vicca 1 ' of Otherye " and twelve 
parishioners. 

Indorsed " the certificate of John Newman." 

55. A licence granted by Sir Thomas Phellips, Knt., and 
Christopher Preston, Esqr., upon the application of eight of the 
inhabitants of Hasselber Plucknet for the widow with six poor 
children, without house or harbour, of one William Horsey late 
of our said parish who died about two years now last past, to 
erect a house upon a plot of ground given to her by the Right 
Worshipful Sir John Portman, Knt, Lord of the manor. 



SESSION ROLLS, No. Ill, PART 2. 
5, 6 JAMES I., 1608. 

i. A certificate dated 3rd March, 1608, from the Vicar and 
Churchwardens of Wedmore addressed to the Worshipful Doctor 
James and other the King's Majesty's Justices of the Bench at 
Ivelchester Sessions, etc., certifying that Margerie Chalcroft when 

D 



1 8 >onunlet (Quarter 



she did penance in our church of Wedmore professed before the 
whole parish that one Wylliam Letheatt was father of her child 
and none else and the voices and consciences of many here do 
clear Edward Hopper. 

2. A certificate dated the 2nd of April, 1608, addressed to 
Dr. James, etc., by the Vicar of Wedmore and four honest women 
as to the paternity of Margery Chalcrofts ; much to the same 
effect as the preceding certificate. 

4. The Hundred of Cattesaishe. The constables there. 
North Cadbury : the names of the churchwardens and an 
aleseller. West Lidford ; the churchwardens and tipplers. The 
Liberty of Queen Cammell : the constables, churchwardens and 
alesellers. The Liberty of Castle Carye : the names of the 
constable, churchwardens (Anthonye Abarrawe, gent., John 
Russe), and tipplers there. 

5. An order dated the 30th of May, 1608, by Alexander 
Ewens and John ffarewell, Esqrs,, for the maintenance of an 
illegitimate Child at Corton Dinham. 

6. An order made the 2istofMay, 1608, by Sir Edward 
Gorges, Knt, John Maye and John Adams on William Lytheat 
of Wedmore, " millard," the reputed father of Margerie Chalcrofte's 
child, etc., to pay weekly unto the churchwardens and overseers 
of the poor " or to the more part of them every Sunday presently 
after the end of morning prayer " etc. And the said 6d. a week 
so paid shall remain in a stock to be employed for the placing of 
the said child apprentice etc., the mother to keep the said child 
herself without any allowance if by the churchwardens etc., she 
shall be thought fit and able to do ; if she refused then she was 
to pay I2d. a week in the manner as the reputed father was 
ordered to pay. The mother when fit and able to travel to be 
whipped through the next market town, etc. [See Nos. I and 
2]- 

7. An order made the 26th June, 1608, by Tho. Phelypes, 
Henry Walrond, John Pyne and Christopher Preston, Esquires, 
for the maintenance of an illegitimate child born in Jlminster. 



Quarter ^rss'tonsi JkUrorfcs. 19 



8. An order made by George Luttrell and John Trevelyan, 
Esquires, for the maintenance of an illegitimate child at 
Luccombe " until other order be taken by us or the Justices 
in the Sessions." 

9. An order made towards the keeping of an illegitimate 
child, born at East Lambrook in the parish of Kingsbury 
[Episcopi], dated 26th June, 1608. Tho. Phelypes, Henry 
Walrond, John Pyne, Chrystofer Preston. 

10. 1 6th April, 1608. An order made towards the keeping 
of an illegitimate child born in the parish of Kingsbury 
[Episcopi]. Tho. Phelppes, Henry Walrond, Chrystofer 
Preston. 

11. An order made towards the keeping of an illegitimate 
child born at Barrington. Dated 26th day of June, 1608. 
Philipps, Walrond, Pyne, and Preston. 

1 2. An order set down and subscribed by John ffrauncis and 
Humfrey Windham, Esquiers, at Milverton, &c., the nth day 
of March, 1608, for the maintenance of an illegitimate child born 
at West Buckland, ninepence a week to be paid by the reputed 
father every Sunday, immediately after divine service ended in 
the forenoon of the same day unto the churchwardens of West 
Buckland aforesaid, at or upon the communion table of the 
church of West Buckland, and the mother in the like manner to 
pay sevenpence weekly. That the father and mother should 
upon one or several Sundays within two months, after the first 
lesson upon some Sunday or Sundays in the parish church 
where he or she dwelleth, confess their fault and offence as afore- 
said, heartily repenting the same with humble entreating the 
congregation then there assembled to pray God with them, etc. 
In default of so doing, he or she to be openly whipped. 

13. At the Sessions of the Peace holden at Taunton in the 
County of Somerset, 28th day of June, 6 James I. [1608]. 

Whereas it was this day informed by George ffarewell, 
Esquire, one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace in the county 



20 &omentet (Quarter 



of Somerset, being then present at the Sessions in open Court 
that the house of Correction in Taunton in the said county is 
much ruinated and in great decay. And for that likewise it was 
then informed that a great part of the yearly pension due unto 
the Governor of the said house, together with some arrearages, 
are unsatisfied unto him. It is therefore ordered by the Justices 
of the Peace there assembled in open Sessions, that every Justice 
of the Peace in his limit shall procure the head constable to 
collect and gather the same, and forthwith to pay the same unto 
the Governor of the said house, for that the Governor of the said 
house hath likewise in open Sessions promised to bestow and 
lay out twenty nobles of that sum which is already due unto 
him, for and towards the repairing of the said house. 

The hundred of Whitleigh do owe at the feast of St. Michael 
the Archangel next the sum of 6. The hundred of Huntspill 
and Perryton do owe, etc., 35^. The Borough of Bridgwater do 
owe, etc., 6s. 8d. The hundred of Northpetherton do owe, etc., 
30^. The hundred of North Curry do owe, etc., 6s. %d. The 
Borough of Taunton do owe, etc., IQS. The hundred of Taunton 
and Taunton Deane do owe, etc., 26s. %d. The hundred of 
Canyington do owe, etc., 13^. 8d. The hundred of Andersfield 
do owe, etc., 1 3^. ^d. The hundred of Milverton do owe, etc., 
135. ^d. The hundred of Carhampton do owe, etc., 535. ^d. 
The hundred of Williton and Free Manors do owe, etc., $os. 
The tithing of Wivelscombe, being one of the four western 
tithings do owe 8s. M. The tithing of Bishops Lydeard do owe, 
etc., 3^. ^d. The tithings of Wellington and Buckland do owe, 
etc., 4.6s. %d. Indorsed " an order for levying of money for the 
howse of Correccon in Taunton." 

14. An order made at the General Sessions at Taunton, 
28th June, 1608, that the matter between Elizabeth Hurman 
against Hugh Prince of Glaston, gent, in respect of an illegiti- 
mate child, should be inquired into by Sir John Rodney, knight, 
Mr. Doctor James, and Thomas Hughes, Esquire, betwixt this 
and the next Sessions. 

15. Licence given by the Court to Peter Barbor, gent, 
plaintiff to common, compound, and agree to and with Richard 



&mnerget (Quarter j$t$$m\ 3Ufortte. 21 



Crosse, defendant, upon an information exhibited -against him, 
the said Peter Barbor, contrary to the form of the statute of the 
5th year of Elizabeth, as provided for using the mystery or trade 
of a clothier, having not been brought up in the same by the 
space of seven years as an apprentice, so as the said informer do 
before the end of the next General Sessions of the peace of and 
for this County of Somerset to be holden, do and certify unto 
the Justices of the Peace of this County of Somerset, what fine 
or other consideration is by any means directly or indirectly he 
or any other for him had or is to have for the same cause, etc. 

1 6. An order for sending back John Lyder from North Curry 
to the city of Bristowe, there to be relieved according to the law 
requiring, and in His Majesty's name charging and commanding 
all Constables, Tithingmen, and other officers, with all convenient 
speed to convey the said John Lyder from tithing to tithing the 
nearest and direct way unto Bristowe aforesaid, as you and every 
one of you will answer the contrary at your perils. [See 
number 38, Book III, L] 

17. Licence granted to John Jenkins of Haselbere [Haselbury] 
to build upon a plot of ground of one Henry Draper, etc., but 
the state of the same ground to be made unto such person as 
Sir John Portman and Sir Thomas Phelipps shall think fit. 

1 8. An order made that Susan Avery, daughter of one 
Richard Avery of Enmore, husbandman, an apprentice with one 
Robert Shervy of Wellington, Weaver, who, by casual means, 
had became impotent and unable to labour, since which time of 
her impotency she hath for the recovery of her health been 
removed to the foresaid parish of Enmore, etc. And farther 
being of late sent home again to Wellington, hath been there 
accepted as a " vagarant " person, and " therehence " returned to 
the said parish of Enmore, etc., be forthwith remanded to the 
said parish of Wellington, there to serve her said apprenticeship 
or to be otherwise provided for, etc. 

19. An order made by John ffrauncis and Humfry Windham, 
Esquires, that Robert Stalleng, one of the constables of Lideard 



22 ^omtmt (SuarUr &t0toiii 



Episcopi, who, as was vehemently suspected, wilfully suffered 
William Seaman, the reputed father of the child of one Agnes 
Holland, to escape being sent by mittimus to the "common 
gaoll," etc., should at his own proper charge keep and maintain 
the said child, etc., or otherwise at his election to pay *jd. a week 
to the overseers, until such time as the said Stalleng shall bring 
forth the said Seaman, etc. 

20. At the General Sessions at Taunton, 28th June, 6 James I., 
it was ordered that Sir John Rodney, Knight, John Stocker 
and John May, Esquires, etc., do examine the cause and to cerify 
what they think and whether the said [Richard] ffeare ought to 
continue at Wells or else to remain elsewhere. 

21. At this Sessions upon the petition signed by twenty-one 
of the inhabitants of Moreland within the parish of North 
Petherton, that inasmuch as they were extraordinary charged 
with the reparation or maintenance of the sea wall [wale] 
adjoining to the River of Perrat containing two miles in length 
or thereabouts, and likewise with the reparation or maintenance 
of a wain-way within the said wall, as also with divers other 
banks and passages not only for the safeguard [sauegard] of 
themselves but for the defence of the rest of the inhabitants near 
adjoining, that they and every of them taking upon them these 
particular works might be freed from any other labour or work 
towards the reparation and amendment of all other ways within 
the same parish, etc. It was ordered that the further examina- 
tion of this suit be referred unto Sir Nicholas Halswell, knight, 
and Robert Cuffe, esquier, etc. 

22. Taunton, 6 James, 1608. Complaint having been made 
by the inhabitants of West Hatch that many frivolous actions 
and disturbances are moved and stirred up in the parish by Mr. 
Jeffery Smith, clerk, the cause was ordered to be referred to Sir 
John Portman, knight, for settlement, but if not then for him to 
certify at the next Sessions his opinion of the same. 

23. Taunton, 1608. An order made that the Treasurer for the 
Hospitals of this County of Somerset should out of the collec- 



(Quarter dotffon* ifocortte. 23 



tions forthwith pay unto the Treasurer for the maimed soldiers 
of the same County the sum of 10, etc., towards payment of the 
pensions, etc. 

24. An order made at Taunton, 28th of June, 6 James I., that 
Robert Walter of Taunton, the reputed father of the child of 
Mary Taylor of Brodlenche in the County of Devon should 
stand to and perform such order as two of the Justices of the 
said County of Devon shall set down concerning the relief of the 
same child, etc. 

25.. An order that Robert Hop of Wynscombe, husbandman, 
should pay 2d. and that Robert Dower of the foresaid parish, 
husbandman, should pay ^d. a week towards the maintenance of 
the child of Johan Hix of Axbridge, etc. 

26. On the complaint made against George Slade and 
Richard Tayler of East Chinnock by the parishioners and poor 
people there inhabiting, that the said Slade and Tayler had 
received the profits of certain lands given and belonging to the 
poor of the said parish and other charitable uses for the space 
of five years or thereabouts and had not yielded their accounts 
of the receipts as by the law they ought : It was ordered that 
Sir John Portman, Knight, Sir Thomas Phillipps, Knight, and 
Christofer Preston, Esquire, etc., shall call them to make a just 
account, etc. [See No. '35, post^\ 

27. 28th June, 1608. Petition by John Jenkins of Hassilber 
[Haselbury], who being a very poor man and not able to 
purchase any ancient cottage or tenement wherein he may make 
his abode, and yet of late recovering some small portions of 
monies to buy a plot of ground of some 20 foot in length and 12 
foot in breadth in Hasilber aforesaid, etc., for permission to 
" erect some pore dwelling house for him and his fTamilie " if his 
good friend one Henry Draper of the said village of Hassilber 
might have licence so to do to permit your said Orator to build 
upon a piece of ground of his there, etc. 

28. The petition of Richard Averie of Enmer [Enmore] 
husbandman, stating that about the first year of the King's reign 



24 Somerset (Quarter $*00ion 



that now is your poor Suppliant being a poor man then did for 
his better ease give and bestow freely unto one Robert Shurvye 
of Wellington, etc., weaver, the sum of 3 with the placing of 
your said Suppliant's daughter to be the said Shurvye's 
apprentice for nine years during all which term the said Robert 
Shurvy was to keep your said Suppliant's daughter in good and 
reasonable manner as an apprentice ought to be and accordingly 
the said Shurvye did keep and maintain your said Suppliant's 
daughter about four years and three-quarters of a year until that 
by the evil usage of the said Shurvey's wife made your said 
Suppliant's daughter lame and impotent in her feet. And then 
the said Shurvye not this contented did the 25th day of 
January last past, etc., procured and sent home unto your poor 
Suppliant his said daughter lame in a barrow, and from tithing 
to tithing, since which time your poor Suppliant more than his 
ability is able hath bestowed and paid for and towards the 
healing of his daughter about five pounds, and as yet the 
said Shervye doth most wrongfully detain and keep from 
your said Suppliant the said $ given him as aforesaid in 
consideration whereof your poor Suppliant most humbly 
beseecheth your good Worships to take such Order herein as 
your good Worships shall think fit, etc. [See 29.] 

29. Whereas Susan Avery being taken vagrant within this 
our parish of Wellington in the County of Somerset, and has 
been punished by us the Constables according to the law in that 
case. These are therefore to require you in His Majesty's name, 
that you convey her from Tithing to Tithing the ready way to 
Enmore where she was born. Whereof fail you not as you will 
answer the contrary. Given under our hands 25th day of 
January, 1607. 

This party to be remanded unto Wellington there to be 
settled according to the law. 

John Cadde and 

Nicholas Becknell, Constables. 

30. 29th June, 1608. Petition of the churchwardens (Robt. 
Bollefont, John Howe) arid overseers (Gyles Gunston, Hugh 
ffarthinge, Thomas Slocombe and John Middleton) of Bishops 



Quarter de&fioiuf l&ecortisf. 25 



Lydeard asking that Robert Stallenge, one.of the constables of 
Bishops Lydeard, be ordered to pay yd. a week towards the 
maintenance of the child of Agnes Holland until he should 
bring forth the reputed father of the child William Seaman 
whom he Stallenge had allowed to escape from his custody. 
Order made. 

31. Your poor orator John Bayly of Mochellney, etc., 
husbandman, etc., showeth your good worships that upon the 28th 
day of December last had a horse with a load of salt travelling 
upon the highway towards the relief of himself his poor wife and 
six small children taken away by two bailiffs William Crocume 
and Humfry Spurll, his horse not standing still but leading, and 
your orator leading the horse in his hand, would not let him out 
of his hand ; whereupon the Bailiffs aforesaid did by their violence 
take the halter and did cut him off hand by the hand of your said 
orator and did beat him and break his head that the " bloud ded 
kume downe about his yeares," and yet not contented but did 
throw him down, and did beat him again most unconscionable 
justly to be proved. 

And all this was done about a debt of 2s. 6d. owed to one 
Henry Demoeke of Lamport which debt was tendered unto him 
in court and out of court divers times before the suit commenced 
just to be proved and will not receive it but did indirectly and 
unknown to the party proceed and obtained a verdict in the 
county court against him your poor orator and brought the 
matter to 1 3^. 6d. and then took out a " levary " and did take the 
horse as aforesaid, and do as yet keep the horse and his loading 
also which was then worth 3 6s. 8d. or near thereabouts. And 
the debts as they did confess was but 1 $s. jd. upon the leavrie 
but in court it was but 12s. 6d. the lack of which horse hath and 
is like to be the utter undoing of your orator his poor wife and 
children for ever unless some speedy remedy may be had by 
your good worships and in so doing our poor orator with his 
wife and children shall be bound to pray for your good worships 
all and all yours in this world and in the world to come heavenly 
felicity. 

32. A petition to the Justices of the Peace assembled at the 
Sessions of the Peace holden at Taunton, etc., from the small 

B 



26 &omer3et (Quarter 



part of the inhabitants of Morland in the parish of North 
Petherton, etc., that whereas your suppliants do dwell near to 
Murland sea wall and are chargeable yearly with the maintaining 
of the said wall from Colestile unto the house of John Templer 
containing in length about two miles and likewise we do 
maintain a wain way within the said wall. And that also we do 
maintain the bank of the said river from a house called Keeme 
house unto Skadsgatt containing half a mile to our great charge 
and likewise we do maintain Hedd wall from Clyes Meade unto 
Balshmores bridge [brudge] containing in length three-quarters 
of a mile, and whereas also we are charged with the mending of 
some part of the causeway from Petherton Heathfield unto 
Read Bridge in the parish of North Petherton aforesaid. In 
consideration whereof your poor suppliants most humbly beseech 
your good worships that you will at this Sessions free us from the 
mending of the said causeway for that we are greatly and every 
year more chargeable with the amending of the said walls " etc. 
Signed by 22 of the inhabitants ; Referred to Sir Nicholas 
Halswall and Mr. Cuff. 

33. A petition signed by the more part of the parishioners of 
the parish of Westhatch that " whereas Mr. Jeffery Smithe as he 
saith is vicar of Westhatch as aforesaid, threateneth your said 
suppliants with process and suits and molesteth us with suits and 
is a disturber of his neighbours and will not be contented with his 
tithes due and accustomed to be paid and with threatening words 
puteth his said neighbours in fear so that by no means we can be 
quiet by him. In consideration whereof your suppliants most 
humbly beseech your good worships to take such order for us 
as your good worships shall think fit " etc. 

Referred to Sir John Portman. 

34. A petition by John Runnye of Queene Cammell unto 
the Right Worshipful Mr. Charles Brooke, Esquior, and the rest 
of the Justices in general at this present Sessions holden at 
Taunton stating that he was lately by Worshipful Mr. Maurice 
Gylbert (before his death) licensed and "acthorised" for the 
keeping and continuing of a victualling house in Queene Cammell 
aforesaid as by his letter directed unto the said Worshipful Mr. 



uarter *gtfum* tcortte. 27 



Charles Brooke to that effect etc. And although the said John 
Runnye were thus licensed yet he little suspecting the death of 
the said Mr. Maurice Gilbert so suddenly to approach took no 
articles at the present time of his licensing being deferred by the 
said Worshipful Mr. Gilbert until another time in which said time 
it pleased God that the said Mr. Gylbert died, etc. 

Mr. John Younge, gent, and twenty-three with many others 
being inhabitants and neighbours unto the said John Runnye 
have thought good to certify that we have "knowen" the said 
house wherein the said John Runnye now dwelleth for the space 
of this forty years and upwards always in that time to have been 
licensed and allowed for a victualling house and that the people 
heretofore as also the said John Runnye to be of very good 
and honest behaviour and very fitting for that place maintaining 
good and " holsom victualls " with very clean and sufficient 
lodging as well for passengers or wayfaring men as also for the 
relieving and supplying of the wants and necessities of divers of 
the poor neighbours there inhabiting. 

35. The humble petition of the parishioners and poor of East 
Chinnock to the Right Worshipful Sir John Portman, Knight, 
and the rest of the King's Majesty's Justices at the Sessions at 
Taunton, etc., that whereas there is belonging to the relief of the 
poor and other charitable uses within our parish of East 
Chinnock aforesaid as much lands as is worth per annum $ or 
upwards and is yearly to be accounted [accompted] for by the 
collectors of the same but now so it is of late one Richard Tayler 
and George Slade have collected the profits thereof for the space 
of five years or thereabouts, and they hitherto most unjustly and 
wrongfully detain the same or the greatest part thereof in their 
own hands, that by means thereof divers of our poor weak aged 
and impotent people are like to famish in this great time of 
dearth unless your good worships take present course for 
reformation thereof, etc. 

Asking that the said Taylor and Slade may be compelled to 
yield up their accounts to the rest of the parishioners, etc., or 
else to take such course with them as to your Worships shall 
be thought most fit and convenient. Signed by ten of the 
inhabitants. 



28 dotturtel (Quarter ^eteion* 



Referred to Sir John Portman, Sir Thos. Phelipps and 
Christopher Preston, Esquire, or any two of them. 

36. A note of such poor people as are to be relieved within 
Eastchinnocke. 

Robt. Whyte and his wife, aged 80 years or thereabouts. 

Joane Illary, near [neere] 80 years old, a lame woman. 

Mary Hellen and her child, a sick woman. 

Barbary Tayler, widow, and her four children. 

Robt. Slade and his wife, aged 67 years. 

Joane Watercome, a lame woman. 

Alee Snow, 60 years old. 

Henry Pollard, 60 years old or upwards. 

Thomas Coker and his wife, 80 years old. 

37. Petition of William Kingsberry of Taunton stating that 
there had been some matter in controversy between him and one 
Henry West of Saint James near Taunton, for some years past, 
at which time the cause was before the Worshipful Mr. George 
ffarwell, Esquire, etc. ; and the said West referring the matter 
unto Mr. ffarwell whom finding the matter so that it did abound 
more of malice than anything to the contrary, it pleased his 
Worship so to decide it as every man should be at his own 
charge, since which time the said West being a very clamorous 
man and troublesome giveth out that he will have process for 
your poor Suppliant, and further with many threats putteth him 
in fear, so that your poor suppliant standeth greatly in doubt 
of his oppression, being a very poor man, and by no means able 
to defend the law. In tender consideration whereof may it please 
your good Worship to take such order with the said West as his 
Majesty's poor subjects may be eased of and from his tyranny 
[terrany], being threatened by the said West that he will pull 
him in by the nose, and your suppliant as most bound shall 
dutifully pray for your Worship's eternal happiness. 

fiat warr. pro bono gestu. 

38. Petition of Bettrice Powne for a new warrant of good 
behaviour against Silvester Welshman and Walter Couch, being 
then constable and tithingman of Williton in the parish of 



uarter gStong efortfg. 29 



St. Decumans, for not appearing at this said Sessions, etc. The 
said constable and tithingman (as your suppliant thinketh) 
willingly and wittingly suffered one John Durborrowe, who was 
charged with certain offences and misdemeanors with her 
daughter Agnes to escape from them. 
Fiat warrant p. bono gestu. 

39. To the Right Worshipfuls the King's Majesty's Justices 
of the Peace assembled at this Sessions, etc. 

In most humble manner sheweth unto your good worships, 
your Suppliants the Church Wardens and Overseers of the poor 
of the parish of St. James near Taunton in the county aforesaid, 
that whereas we have made a Rate upon the parishioners for the 
relief of our poor and impotent people, which rate so made by us 
the said parishioners do think themselves over burthened. And 
yet notwithstanding the said Rate is not able to relieve the one- 
half of them ; they do so fast increase and daily come upon us 
for relief, wherefore we most humbly beseech your good worships 
to take some speedy order for the said poor's relief, and we as 
duty boundeth will daily pray to Almighty God for your good 
worships' long health and especially with increase of worship. 

This cause is referred to the consideration of the Justices of 
that division or any of them. 

[Indorsed " The petition of the prsh. of St. James."] 

40. To the King's Majesty's Justices at Bridgwater Session, 
etc. The certificate of the overseers and churchwardens of 
Wedmore stating that William Letheatt, the reputed father of a 
child called William, son of one Margery Chalcroft, had given 
sufficient security for discharging the parish of Wedmore afore- 
said from all charge concerning the keeping and maintenance of 
the said child, etc. 2Oth September, 1608. 

41. Complaint by George Kirle of Oath within the parish of 
Awler [Aller] to Mr. John Pyne with the rest of this Worshipful 
Bench at this present Sessions holden at Bridgwater, against 
William Poacocke of Curry Rivell, as it should seem overgone 
with ale, for beating and quarrelling with one Humphrie 
Bartherum at Langport, etc., with many outrageous threatenings 
and swaggering vowed to feather his coat, etc. 






30 Somerset Quarter $3>t$$iQi\3 



42. A certificate signed by 21 of the inhabitants of the 
parishes of Ashbrittle and Stawleigh, addressed to Humfrey 
Wyndham, esquier, one of His Majesty's Justices, etc., certifying 
that the bearer hereof, Alexander Harte, late of Ayshebryttell 
and now dwelling within the parish of Stawleighe, during his 
abode in Ayshebrittell (which hath been ever from a child), hath 
been of honest conversation and ever well demeaned himself 
there, and behaved himself in quiet sort, except in a matter of 
variance touching seats in the church and rates for the same, 
and also for the King, which concerned his own right and the 
rest of the parish. [See No. 62 post.] 

43. The Churchwardens and Overseers of Luccombe to the 
Justices at the Bridgwater Sessions notifying the fact that Charles 
Webber of Luccombe, " Milner," who had been bound over by 
Mr. John Trevillian and Mr. George Luttrell, Esquires, to acquit 
and discharge the parishioners of Luccombe from the maintenance 
of a child called by the name of Julian, had given a good bond 
according to the order, etc. Dated at Luccomb the i8th of 
September, 1608. 

44. A notice from the Clerk of the Peace of Axbridge, John 
Whiting, to the Justices of the Peace at Bridgwater Sessions 
that the bearer Robert Mylekarde (?) of Wynscombe (but in the 
order named Robert Hooss (?)), had entered into a bond to pay 
to the overseers of the poor of Axbridge 2d. weekly for the 
maintenance of a child of one Johan Hycks (?) according to your 
worship's order made at Taunton Sessions last, etc. Dated this 
2Oth day of September, 1608. 

45. Letter dated Bristol, I7th September, 1608, from Sir 
George Snygge (2nd Baron of the Exchequer) to the right 
worshipful my very loving friends his Majesty's Justices of the 
Peace at the next quarter Sessions holden for the county of 
Somerset, stating that he was of opinion that the inhabitants of 
the parish of Backwell had not the peculiar right of choosing a 
Constable for the hundred of Bedmyster cum Hartcliffe, but that 
it hath been sometimes exercised by men of other places within 
that hundred. 



(Quarter &t$$iQn$ Ifiecortts. 31 



This matter is referred to be tried by the course of the 
Common Law and the constable now sworn to do his Majesty's 
service until by law he be removed. 

46. An account of moneys paid and received. Lewis 
Blackmore and Mudford. 

48. Inquisition for the Lord the King taken at Wells, 6th day 
of August 6 James I. by the oath of Richard Bisse, Henry fibster, 
Humphry Palmer, John Hardwich, Thomas Wilmott, Anthony 
Attwell, Richard Attwell, Richard Goodall, Robert Lane, John 
Yard, Robert Creese, William Attwell, and Thomas Stokes, 
before John Rodney, Knt, firancis James, Doctor of Law, and 
Thomas Hughes, Esquire, relating to a trespass upon lead-mining 
rights upon Mendipp in Wells Forum. 

62. Letter from Emanuel Maply of the parish of Cleyhanger 
dated May 23, 1608, to a Justice of the Peace. " Sirre being 
informed by divers of the parish of Stawlley of the troublesome 
and contentious carriage of Alexander Hart and his daily 
opposition against the order by me set down for the quiet order- 
ing of the seats of that church and the peace thereunto belonging, 
etc., that John Gover should not in any case enjoy any benefit 
of the new erected seats without a consideration of 40^. fine by 
him set down as may be more particularly appear by a schedule 
hereunto annexed, sent unto me under his hand at such time as 
I was to end the business of the seats with the ' condiscent ' of 
both parties, etc." [Mr. Blackaller the minister of Stawleigh]. 



S. R., VOL. IV, EPIPHANY SESSIONS, 
WELLS, 1608-9. 

100. At the General Sessions at Wells, Tuesday next after 
the Feast of the Epiphany, 1608-9. 

That an examination of the complaint by John Palmer and 
other the inhabitants of the parish of Emborough are overburth- 
ened by an unequal rate in collecting ordinary payments for the 



32 



service of his Majesty and the County be referred unto Sir 
Barnabe Samborne, Knight, John Stocker and ffrauncis Baber, 
Esquires. 

101. Ordered the same Sessions that Edith Rawlings of 
Mashbery, widow, who had " of late sustained great loss by fire 
to her utter undoing" be paid 40^. by the Treasurer of 
Hospitals. 

1 02. Whereas at this Sessions it hath been informed by the 
parishioners of the parish of Charlton that a great charge is like 
to ensue on them by the marriage of one John Lockyer with one 
Annis Macy lately goten with child in the service of one 
Beniamyne Maunsell and supposed by the indirect practice of 
the said Maunsell to be married unto the said Lockyer a poor 
and impotent fellow, the examination whereof is referred unto 
Sr. Barnabe Sambourne, Knight, John Stocker and ffrauncis 
Baber, Esqrs. etc. 

103. A complaint having been heretofore made that the 
Owners and Landlords of the " demeanes of Keinsham Abbey " 
have not nor at this present do not pay their equal and just part 
towards the composition for the provision of his Majesty's house, 
nor unto tithing rates, etc. And forasmuch as it appeareth to 
the Justices, etc., that the tithing of Keinsham hath 1,700 acres 
or thereabout and that the Demeanes of Keinsham Abbey hath 
1,100 acres or thereabouts, wherein (albeit) there is a great 
difference in quantity of ground, yet in regard to Keinsham 
Abbey grounds are conceived to be the better, and more fruitful, 
etc. It was ordered that from thenceforth they should be 
equally rated, etc. Divers landowners within Keinsham 
Hundred not contributing nor paying anything towards the 
rates, etc., it was therefore ordered that they should pay their 
equal part in such manner as the other owners and other land- 
lords do within the same hundred, etc. 

(Signed) Maur Barkeley, John Portman, Nich. Halswell, 
Jo. Rodney, John Haryngton, Edw. Hext, Bar. Samborne. 

104. An order upon the petition of one Johane Pennell of 
Axmouth, Devon, Spinster, that a warrant of good behaviour 



domer&t Quarter g>t&$iQn$ iEecorttf. 33 

shall be awarded against one Augustine Jefferies of the city of 
Wells, the reputed father of her child, to appear at the next 
General Sessions of the peace for Somerset, etc. [Undated.] 

105. An order for a warrant of the good behaviour to be 
awarded against Richard Nurcombe, the reputed father of the 
child of Gartrid Doodridg of Wotten Courteny, co. Somerset, at 
the next General Sessions for disobeying an order of George 
Luttrell and John Trevyllian, Esquiers, and to find sureties for 
the observing of the order certified as aforesaid by the said 
Mr. Luttrell and Mr. Trevyllian. 

1 06. An order for the committal to the common " Gayle " 
of John Elseworth of Wotton " Cowrteney," the reputed father 
of a child of Mary Eemes of the same place, for obstinately and 
sullenly refusing to perform an order made against him by Sir 
John Wyndham, Knt, George Luttrell and John Trevylian, 
Esquiers, there to remain until he should find good sureties to 
perform the said order [Undated]. 

107. Keynsham Bridge. An order made at the General 
Sessions at Wells the Tuesday next after the feast of the 
Epiphany 1608-9 that the matter of raising money for the 
reparation of the Bridge of Keynsham which "hathe ben of 
late in greate decaye " shall be referred to Sir John Harrington 
and Barnaby Samborne, Knights, John Stocker, ffrancis Babor 
and John Addams, Esquiers, five of the Justices or to any three 
of them, etc. 

1 08. An order made for the yearly payment out of the 
parishes of Long Sutton xx s , Kingsdon xx s , Awler xx s , Ivelton 
xx s to be paid quarterly, towards the relief of the poore of the 
town of Somerton, the inhabitants of which are so much over- 
burthened with impotent and distressed poor people as the said 
town and parish cannot relieve and maintain the same without 
their overgreat and intolerable charge, etc., the first yearly 
payment of the said yearly " pension " to begin at the feast of 
the Annunciation of Our Lady next coming [the same Sessions]. 

F 



34 ^omerslet Quarter dt*4totuf t&trortftf. 

109. An order made at the same Sessions for referring the 
question of the paternity of a child of Johan Leachland of 
ffitzhead, of whom John Cade of ffitzhead was " accused " to be 
the reputed father, should be referred unto Sir ffrauncis Popham, 
Knight, John ffrauncis, Humfry Wyndham and James Clark, 
Esquiers, etc., and certificate of their proceedings therein to be 
made at the next General Sessions, etc. 

1 10. Certificate of Francis Baber and John Stocker, Esqres., 
dated loth January, 1608, under an order made at Wells Sessions 
last touching a rate for the payments for his Majesty's service 
within the parish and tithing of Stanton Prior and Willmington, 
etc., which said cause was referred unto William Plumleie and 
William Blanchard from the bench at the said Sessions being 
gentlemen indifferently chose, etc. Approving what Wm. Plumleie 
and William Blanchard had done in the premises, etc. 

The survaye of the manner of Staunton Pryor in the 
possession of the Inhabitants there by an auntient Survaye 
amounteth to the sum of 831 acres. And the common called 
the Burye the unto belonginge is 60 acres at the least accordinge 
to o r former Certificate. 

Summary total 891 acres, etc. The particulars of the rest of 
thinhabitantes of Staunton Pryor by the old Survaye w ch we by 
o r vewe cannot much contradict to be as follows, etc. 

And whereas Wm. Richman this complainant is charged by 
that S r vaye 270 acres and for one other Tenement of his 
possession 66 acres. We find the said ffarme by measure as 
we are informed to be 214 and that other Tenement in his 
possession to be 53 acres summ total 267 acres, etc. 

The pticulars of the mannor of Willmington to be by the 
measure as we have formerly certified 413 acres. Whereof there 
is in the possession of Mr. Champneis for his ffarme 270 acres. 
And amongst the rest of the Inhabitants there is we are informed 
as followeth, etc. 

Willm. Plumlyes 
Willm. Blancharde. 

Letter dated Bath 29 June, 1608, from Messrs. Plumly and 
Blanchard " To the Worshipp 11 Mr. John Stocker, and Mr. 
ffruncs Babor, Esquiers geue these." 



(Quarter j&t$$ion iHtcorftcf. 35 



Indorsed Mr. Blanchards and Mr. Plumlies Certificat 
betweene Ritcheman et Chamnies. 

The order made at the General Sessions at Wells I3th of 
January, 1607-8, referring this matter to William Plumbley of 
Newton St. Lowe, gent, and William Blanchard ofCatterne, gent, 
etc. 

Edw. White. 



in. Upon the humble petition of the inhabitants and 
parishioners of Midsomer Norton, etc., as well concerning a base 
child left upon the charge of the said parishioners, etc., whereof 
one Edward James of Midsomer Norton is the reputed father. 
As also for that divers cottages are erected and builded up 
within the said parish of Midsomer N. in which are placed divers 
and many tenants and undertenants people very poor of lewd 
disposition which do much offend and annoy the inhabitants of 
the same parish by breaking of their hedges and other mis- 
demeanors. And whereas likewise they inform that one Richard 
Sheppard hath lately brought out of Ireland an "auld woman 
and 3 children," and is now resident within the said parish and 
very like to be a great charge to the inhabitants thereof. It is 
this day thought fit and so ordered that Sir Bar. Samborne 
Knight, Mr. F. Stocker and Mr. ffr. Babor, Esqres., etc., shall 
call the parties offending before them, etc. 

112. Whereas it appeareth by credible proof that George 
Mylles of Minehead hath sustained great loss by sea, the consider- 
ation of whose cause is likewise under his Majesty's Great Seal of 
England referred to the charitable consideration of his Majesty's 
subjects within the county of Somerset and Devon. It is there-, 
fore at this Sessions ordered that six pounds shall be forthwith 
paid unto the said Mylls within this county of Somerset, whereof 
three pounds by the Treasurer of the hospitals of the easter 
division of this county and iij u more by the Treasurer of the hospital 
of the wester division of the county. And therefore the said 
George Mylls be thereby concluded without making any farther 
collection by virtue of his said letters patents within the county 
of Somerset. 



36 



SESSIONS ROLLS. BOOK VI, 1609-1610. 

1. A letter from John Hartgill, dated from Culmington April 
24th, 1609. "To the wor 11 his approued good frend Mr. John 
ffarewell at his house in Holebrooke these be d d ," respecting the 
child of Katherine Millard of the parish of Killmington. 

2. Notice from "John Hartgill, William Combe, George 
Edwards minister, John More, Henry Smart, William Clement 
ou'seers " inhabitants of Kyllmington informing the Bench that 
all such matters as shall be " objected " against Robert Henstridge 
late of Kyllmington, Taylor, had been settled between them. 
Dated Kyllmington 2 5th of April, 1609. 

3. Letter from "Tho: Hughes." "To the Right Worship- 
full my assured good ffrend Mr. John Pyne, esquier, of Ilchester, 
etc. 

Good S r , with my kindest salutations, etc. My good 
Neighbor, the bearer hereof Mr. Palmer, One of o r now 
constables of this town, was bound over the last Sessions to 
answer at these, unto such matters as you are acquainted withall. 
I pray you S r do him what favor law and Justice permitteth : 
wherein if my urgent business else whither, had permitted my 
attendance there, I would have joined with you for the speedier 
" dispatche," and (if law so required) delivery of him. 

Upon presentment before S r John Rodney, Doctor James 
and my self at a " Pettie " Session, one Walter Withers of Pilton 
was presented for a tipler without licence, " a man verie malapert, 
sawcie and obstinate," who hath been often suppressed and 
warned from his unlawful tippling, but withstanding continueth 
refractory and incorrigible against Justice. He hath confessed 
his offence before me, and that he hath no licence >ut would 
justify himself by quillets and evasions. If S r John Rodney be 
there he can " enforme " you both of the man and of his 



Quarter J^tSStontf iftecorTtt. 37 



manners, and how far any officer shall " swarue " from Justice 
that shall " swarve " from his punishment. So ending with the 
same salutations as I began, I leave you to God's blessings and 
your own best wishes. " Welles this moneday the 24th of Aprill 
1609. Yo r verie assured loving freind." 
Sealed with a coat of arms quarterly. 

4. Letter from y r very loving ffrynd Jo : Couper written from 
Powdelton the xxi st of April, 1609. To the right Worshipful my 
very loving " ffrynds " S r Edward Phillipps, S r Edward Hyck, 
Knights, Mr. Humffry Waldron, Mr. John Pyene Esq s and to the 
rest of the Bench of this Sessions. 

" I have been earnestly intreated by this bearer Willm. 
Greegorye now servant unto me at Powdelton that I would certify 
vnto you touching sixteen sheep that were his own sheep, which 
for him in this hard winter past by one John Walden were put 
forth to lease and keeping until Midsummer last past unto one 
Willm. Goodland for the ' lamms ' to be unto the said Goodland 
the wool and sheep to Gregory. But contrary to agreement 
Goodland doth shear the sheep and put them in his own mark 
and sold away the wool. Upon which communication had by 
Gregory in the presence of Walden with Goodland, Gregory 
bargained and sold the said xvi sheep to Goodland for sixteen 
nobles, to be paid at Mr. Gybbs his house at Perrot on All- 
saints' Day last by xij of the clock after which time the pay- 
ment not performed Gregory by Mr. Leonard Wested (?) attorney 
put Goodland in suit of law, which being prosecuted by him 
Goodland hath arrested Walden of suspicion of felony, being a 
trick, and device of cunning to defraud the poor man of the 
money he is to pay him. I am ascertained by Mr. Geo. Savidge 
of Bloxsford (?) a very honest 'Jent,' whom he served of the 
honesty of this bearer, as also for John Walden that he is a very 
honest man, as also by sufficient testimony that the sheep 
mentioned were the very proper goods of Gregory and had been 
in keeping before with Mr. He. Savidge. The truth in this 
cause I have no doubt, but in wisdoms ye would have laid 
open notwithstanding have made bold to write unto ye. And 
so with my very loving commandates I do refer you to thal- 
mighty's protection. 



38 ^omersiet (Quarter &t3ion$ 



5. Soifist Ano Dom. 1608. Release acquittance and discharge 
given to the father of an illegitimate child, which child had since 
died, by the overseers of Charlton Musgrove and signed by them, 
the clergyman of the parish, the two churchwardens and four 
other parishioners. 

6. The Humble petition of John Nurse to S r Edwarde 
Phillips, S r Thomas Phillips, S r Edward Hext, Knights, John 
Pyne, Alexander Ewens, Esquires, with all the rest of the 
Worshipful his Majesty's Justices, etc., stating that he had been 
falsely accused of being the father of a child by one Joane 
Hackinges of this town of Evelchester, etc., " refaringe " my self 
with the premises unto to your Worship's consideration as duty 
bindeth me with my prayers unto God for Worship long lives 
with much increase of Worship in this World and in the World 
to come " Heavenlye Joyes." 

7. A warrant signed and sealed by Edward White, Clerk of 
the Peace, for the committal of Hugh Treble to Gaol " for a 
contempt offered unto the Court at Wells Sessions last 
1608." 

8. Letter dated from Hestercombe this xv th (?) of April, 1609, 
written by " yor louinge ffreynd Jo. Warre to Mr. White." 

I pray let this bearer be " dispatched " of his business at 
Evelchester being bound over for his appearance at the instance 
of his brother, etc. 

" To his Lovinge ffrynd Mr. Edward White the Clarcke of 
the Peace in the County of Soiftst." 

9. A certificate signed by'John Kinge sen., Constable, Hughe 
Allyn and John Burt, Churchwardens, John Toms, tythingman, 
John Cox sen., John Cox Jn. and Raulpe Kinge of Wanstrow, 
addressed to Justices at the Quarter Sessions at Ilchester in 
accordance with " A statute made for allowing a ' typler ' in 
every parish needful for the poor of the same parish and other 
passengers travelling or going through, certifying that the bearer 



Quarter &e&umd Jfttcortte. 39 



Thomas Allyn of our parish of Wanstrowe, we the inhabitants 
of the said place do find him to be a very meet and fit man as 
also the house like wise where he now doth ' recide ' and haVe 
likewise used typlinge there by the space of three years being 
lawfully licensed thereunto. Wherefor we whose names are 
under written of the parish do earnestly entreat your worships 
etc. that the aboved named Thomas Allyn may have a 
farther grant of his licence, etc. Wanstrow the 25th of this 
month." 

10. " A certificate from diftse of the Inhabitants of the towne of 
Wellington on the behalfe of John Weaver to his Ma ts Justices of 
Peace within the Countie of Soiftset." 

A certificate from divers of the Inhabitants of Wellington, 
etc. 

Whereas John Weaver, alias Tucker of Wellington aforesaid, 
having great resort unto his house, especially on Thursdays, 
being market days there, being therefore desirous to be admitted 
to brew ale there, for the better provision of His Majesty's 
subjects that do and shall come and repair to his house as well 
on the said market days as other times, and having often 
desired our certificate of his good behaviour and honest conversa- 
tion hoping to obtain this his said request and suit the rather 
we the inhabitants and parishioners of Wellington aforesaid, 
whose names are subscribed do hereby signify unto your 
worships that we have known the said John Weaver alias 
Tucker from his youth hetherto, to be an honest man and born 
in Wellington aforesaid, and that during his dwelling and abode 
there he hath behaved and demeaned himself in good and honest 
sort, and also that he hath from time to time since he became a 
married man and " hoseholder " been of a good conversation 
and governed his house in good order and therefore do think 
him a fit and mete man to keep brewing and selling of drink in 
his house, and withall do pray and desire your worships on his 
behalf to grant him leave and licence so to do, according to His 
Majesty's laws and statutes in that case provided. And even 
leaving the premises to your good discretions do " humbli take " 
our leaves Wellington the xxij th of April, 1609. 

Yo r w rs . during their lives to command Peter Callwey 



40 &omen(et (Quarter $e*ttum* 

Constable, Nicholas Becknell, Portreeve, Roger Medre, church- 
warden, William Best, churchwarden. 

ii. "To the Right Woorshipfulls his Ma ties Justices w^n in 
the Countie of Somers 1 ." 

" Lamentably Complayneth vnto your good Woorships John 
Kayford of ffroome your poore orator, Signifyinge, that whereas 
in Lammas assizes last past, there was a tryall betwene Edmonde 
Leversadge of Vallis Esquire pt, and Henry Cottingto gent def 
concernynge a trespas Comitted by the said Cottington upon 
certayne land w l Cottington holdeth of the said Edmond 
Leversadge, And because the attorney fayled the Name of the 
land wherein the trespas was done yt fell to an nonsuit, where 
vpon in Michellmas terme last, Judgemt and Execution was 
Awarded against your poore orator, and the Haward of the said 
Edmond Leversadge your poore orator, being sent by the said 
Eclmonde Leversadge to see the distres taken and Impounded 
by the Haward. By vertue of w c Execution your poore orator 
was taken About the xx th of January, And Ever sithens hath ben 
In prison, But may it please your woorshipes the said Edmond 
Leversadge by one Willm. Waylond, his under bayly of ffroome, 
About a Moneth past dide send Sixe pounds thertyne shillings 
And fovre pence w ch was the some in the Execution Mencioned 
to be paid by hym vnto Mr. Browne w th a Letter to hym 
concerning the chargs, the said Waylond came to the prison 
And in the hyringe of the gent and other there prisoners, said 
that he had brought the Money to discharge the Execution, 
But yf your poore orator were any thinge in debt, he should lye 
for that, to w c your poore orato Made this Awnswere. I owe 
Nothinge for my dyet, but that w c ys due vnto Mr. Browne for 
my logginge And the house, where vpon the said Waylond 
went out of the prison, And did not pay the Money vnto Mr. 
Browne nor delyver Mr. Leversadges Letter. What he did w* the 
said Money your poore orator knoeth not, But supposinge he 
hath converted the same to his owne vse, By w c Meanes your 
poore orator hath ben here in prison Ever sithence w l out any 
maintenance, And almost famyshed, Had not the Charitable 
Good Wylls of some of the gent there in prison spared your 
poore orator Money to buy hym fud, these premises Considered 



(Quarter &t3$iQi\$ JfUfortts. 41 



your poore orator Most humbly besecheth your Woorships in your 
tender Mercies to have compacofi vpon your said orator And to 
save hym from famishmt, By vertue of your auctorities to call 
the said Waylond before your Woorships And to take order w l 
hym, to satisfye the Money vnto Mr. Browne delyverred him for 
the Leaving of the said Execution, and, such other charges as 
your poore orator hath ben dryven vnto because he payd not- 
the same as he was appointed by the said Edmond Leversadge, 
To answer that nothing can be don vnls the pty bee in Town 
and may bee brought, Wherein your Woor : shall both please 
God doo Justice, And for Ever bynd your poore orator to pray 
vnto God for your Woor : preservacons in contynewall health, 
heavenly Joy and Eternall felicitie." 

12. Letter written 25th of April, 1609, by W. Gybbes. " To 
the right Wor 11 my very loving Brother S r . Edward Hext 
Knight," respecting a notorious varlett dwelling at North perrot 
in Soiftstshire, whose name is John Partridge, a " ffustian- 
weaver," son of one Partridge, an honest husbandman there, etc. 

13. The humble petition of George Grinham of the parish 
of Norton under Hambton, " in ye behalfe of himselfe, his 
poore wife and famelye," for permission " for my building y er of 
a little poore house for ye comfort of my selfe, my poore 
wife and children betwixt those other 2 poore houses erected 
on the glebe there about some twenty years ago," etc., " being a 
towne borne childe y er myselfe," etc. Licence granted. 

14. The xxth day of April, 1609. To All Christian People to 
whome thesse psentes shall Come Greeting. Whereas the 
Bearer hereof, John Phelpes of Chillcomptoun, in the Countie of 
Som r sett, was Apprehended vpon Suspicion of Takinge of 
stale of Bees from Mydsom r Norton vppon the viij th Day of 
January last past. Knowe ye that we whosse names are herevnto 
subscribed Do Certifie yo r wors [worships] that the saide John 
Phelpes was at Phillipes Norton in the Countie Aforesaid, at the 
Inn called the George, the said viij th Day of January, and did 
lodge there the same nyght and allso was ther the viii tb Day of 
January, being the next day and the night allso and the ix th . 

G 



42 ^omertfet (Suarter >eMou$ S&erortfs. 

Allso vppon the true Certificate hereof we all are Ready at yo r wo s 
pleassurers to be Sworne. 

Your Wo rs Servantes, 

(Signed) Richard Tovy. 

(Signed) Robart R. H. Hackett 

(Signed] William V. Vincent. 

(Signed) John S. Hill. 

15. An application to Sir John Portman, Knt, Sir John 
Rodney, Knt, Sir Edward Hixe, Knt, Mr. John Pinje, Esquier, 
and the rest of the Justices at the quarter Sessions at 
Ivelchester, signed by the vicar (Geoferie Underwood), "the 
collectors of the poor," " churchwardens," and others inhabitants 
of the parish of Eu r crich, for permission for a poor parishioner of 
ours, one William Hillier being born in the parish, to build him 
a house without laying out of four acres of ground unto it on a 
certain " plat " of ground belonging to one John Pennie of 
Eu r crich, being a freeholder. 

1 6. Letter dated this 25th of April, 1609, written by John Peers 
Constable of the town of Chard (who through God's visitation 
had not been of long time, neither now am by any means able 
to travel unto Your Worships for relief of our said town in this 
behalf), and addressed " To the righte Wor 11 , his Ma ties Justices 
at this presente Sessions Assembled," respecting two " base 
children " wherewith " our Towne standeth burthened." Sealed 
with the seal of the town of Chard. 

17. The humble petition of Nicholas Hilliar of Taunton, 
Hosier, to Sir John Portman and the rest of the Justices, 
stating that he had answered a cause before Sir John Portman 
twelve months sithence ; that he agreed with his adversary and 
rested only in controversy the payment of 3^. ^.d. unto Mr. 
Whitt, the Clerk of the Peace dwelling in Bridgwater, unto 
whom the matter was referred by Mr. George ffarrow, his 
worship, About some 14 days sithence, was taken by the 
officers of Bridgwater and committed and yet lieth in most 
miserable extremity, and like to starve with hunger, Upon 
which cause his adversary brought forth " green wax" and 
arrested his surety, etc. Humbly craveth for his " Enlargement 



Somerset gEhiarttr j$t&&itm8 3&ttort&. 43 



as may seem most convenient to your Worshipful likings, 
whereby he shalbe bound Dayly to pray for yo r wo r l : full 
Estats in all prosperytie and Eternall felicitye." 

18. A letter written and dated at Wells 25 th April, 1609, by 
ffran : James and addressed " to my very good frend and kinsman 
Mr. Edward White, Clark of the peace at Ilchester," stating that 
he had sent inclosed a recognizance for the appearance of James 
Bisse whom I have bound to his good behaviour for " verie fowle 
and great misdeamo rs against his wife. But since by my meanes 
they are well reconciled," etc., " I think fitt that he should now 
bee discharged. Other recognizances I have any att this tyme, 
neither canne bee present at this sessions beeinge (if God will) 
this day or to morrow morning to ride towards London uppon 
necessary busines. And w th my very harty Commendacons I 
betak you to the mercifull tuition of thalmightye," etc. Y or 
assured Loving freind and kinsman " etc. 

19. A warrant signed and sealed by Edw. White, Clerk of 
the Peace, for apprehension of John Bristowe late of Preston in 
the County of Somerset. Dated at the Epiphany Sessions at 
Wells, 6 James I. 

20. Be it knowen to all men by these p r sents y* Marie the 
wife of Griffine Carter of W^ornall als Wormmald in the Countie 
of Bucks, carpinter, died and was buried at Wornall als 
Wormmall aforesaide the 30 daye of Marche in the yere of our 
Lorde god, according to the computacon of the churche of 
Englande one thowsande sixe hundreth and seaven as there did 
appeare by the register booke of the saide towne of Wornall als 
Wormmall. In witnesse whereof wee the Inhabitaunts of the 
saide towne of Wornall als Wormmall have sett to this 
testimoniall our names the thirtieth daye of September Anno dno. 
1608 viz. : 

Ricardus Ingbie, vicar ibm. 
Tho : Tipping, sen. "I Gardians 

-pj . I 1 ry. f \JTdl Uldllo^ 

Richarde TippmgeJ 

Richarde Seire pishe clarke who 

sealed her in the grave. 
Gryffyn Carter. 



44 &0ttur$et (Quarter 



21. The humble petition of John Lake of Milton in the 
county of Dorset " to the Right Worshipful S r Edward Phelipps 
Knight, and one of the Kings Ma ties Sergeants at law " 
respecting a debt secured by a bond given to him by Robert 
Hill of Mells, tucker, and who after he had been apprehended by 
the warrant of Mr. Horner escaped through the negligence of 
Thomas Geffry, constable of Mells " And your suppliant per- 
ceiving the Constable not doing his office therein complained to 
Mr. Stocker one of the Justices of this county, which constable 
undertook before the said Mr. Stocker that he the said Hill 
should be and appear at the Sessions to answer the same but 
herein doth make default. May it therefore please your good 
worship etc. to take such order with the Constable and sayd Hill 
as to yo r worshipp shalbe thought most fitt and convenient," 
etc. 

22. The humble petition of Anthonie Hendborowe. " May it 
please yo r good Worships etc. Anthonie Hendborowe your poor 
Suppliant (at the last Assizes holden at Chard) produced as a 
witness on the part and behalf of one Henry ffausett, plaintiff and 
Edward Barbour, defendant (who is son-in-law unto one John 
Cade of Fitzhead) before the R l Honorable S r Lawrence 
Tanfield, Knight, Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Exchequer, 
and there being examined by the Lord Chief Baron touching 
the said cause between the said parties ; the said John Cade was 
thought to be a maintainer of the said suit ; whereupon the said 
Lord Chief Baron demanded where the said Cade was ; Your 
Worships poor Suppliant answered that the said Cade was present 
in the Court and that he was charged to be the father of three 
bastards by one woman. For which speeches (although they 
appear manifest to the world to be true) yet notwithstanding the 
said John Cade of his malice doth vex molest and continually 
ever sythence the said Assizes trouble the said Anthonie your 
worships poor Suppliant in the Lord Bishop's Court at Wells to 
the utter overthrow and impoverishing of your poor distressed 
Suppliant unless he may be by this honorable Bench relieved. 
In tender consideration of the premises your poor Orator doth 
humbly intreat your Worships to take some course herein 
agreeable to equity and justice that your poor Suppliant may be 



(JBttavtcr &t$$wn$ 2&rcortf3. 45 

freed out of the said Spiritual Court, and no more troubled con- 
cerning the said suit," etc. 

23. Letter from " Yourloveing freind John Adams " " To my 
loveing freind Mr. Edward White, Clerk of the peace in the 
County of ^bifist." 

" Mr. White, I pray Retorne in this Recognizance ffor me : I 
am not well haueing the passas of an ague : And therefore 
cannot be at the Sessions as I intended : I haue Received six 
Roles of Courte Rolls for you. I thinke you have not sent me 
all back : you haue not sent me my note : I comend me to you 
and doe end 

Bradfields Downe 24 April, 1609." 

24. Letter from Thomas Horner of Cloford, the 22nd of April, 
1609, to the justices at Ilchester Sessions stating that he had 
been informed by divers of the inhabitants within the Hundred 
of ffroome, that this bearer Richard Atthayes (being last year 
one of the Constables of that hundred), hath sythence the last 
Sessions held at Wells, " resatisfyed " the several Tythinges 
within the same hundred, of such overplus money as collected 
in the time of his office. I do assure myself this will be a 
sufficient warning to him and others that shall succeed him, etc. 

25. A petition to the Justices at the General Sessions holden 
at Ivelchester the 20 of this instant April, 1609, signed by Geo. 
Luttrell, John Treuelyan, William Harryson and eleven others, 
inhabitants of the hundreds of " Carhampton and Willington 
and free manors " to mitigate and stay such " merssments," and 
to give them till " alhallouetid " next to repair Mould bridge 
which " lyethe neere the full sea marcke, which was founderd and 
borne away in the laste great flood, w ch is adiustedlie and 
carfully to be set vp againe by the inhabitants of bothe the said 
hundreds," etc. 

26. A letter from Langport this p r sent 22th of Aprill, An 
1609, written by " y or ever Loving ffreind to Commaund Edward 
ffrye, Mason," " To his very good ffreind M r . White, the Clarke 



46 domtr&t (Quarter 

of the Peace for the County e of Soiflst or in his abcence to M r . 
Lawrence Drake, his brother in lawe," etc. 

" M r . White theise are to certyfie you that wK?as Thomas 
Swayne of Sevington Marie, standeth indicted for a sartayn 
disorder supposed against him to be committed by him 
agaynst me. S r it is soe that for my pte yf therbe noe other 
matter against him, lett then this my letter be a sufficient 
Testimonye that for my pte I have nothing to object agaynst him 
at all but Does by these pnts [presents] acquit and dischardge 
him for any matter concerning my selfe." 

27. A notice from Sir Thomas Phelippes, Knight, to the 
Sheriff, that Edwarde Clavelsey of Pytney, yeoman, " hath come 
before me and hath found sufficiente Securitye for the keepinge 
of his Ma ties peace towards his Ma ties and all his leage people, 
and especially against Willm. Russell, (?) etc., Dated this xijth of 
March, 1608. 

28. A notice from Gabriell Ludlowe " To the right Worshipfull 
M r . Thomas Hughes, at his dwelling house at Wells," informing 
him that " whereas a warrant of the peace by my meanes hath 
beene granted against Richard Ellis, he to p'vent the worst 
hath bounde over himselfe to answere the lawe, I vppon 
reasonable termes at our agreement have released him of that 
trouble," etc. 

29. A letter from Tho : Hughes to M r . Edward White, 
Clerk of the peace for Somerset at Ilchester. " Good M r . White, 
with my kindest Comendacons, etc., I have by this bearer sent 
vnto you halfe a crowne for the dischardging of Richard Ellis of 
the peace, whome I have bound thither at the suite of Gabriell 
Ludloe, whoe as by his Ire [letter] appeareth hath agreed with 
the said Ellis. The poore man is not able in respecte of some 
Daunger safely to make his appearance at the Sess s ," etc. ; yf 
therfore yo r vse yo r fauor towards him for his dischardge yo r 
may doe the poore man a great pleasure. I have bound over 
one Walter Withers, a most pverse fellow for vnlawfull tipling, 
whome S r John Rodney and myselfe haue often suppressed 



(uarter &t$3itm$ iftecorte. 47 



but Can find noe conformitie in him ; therfore I pray yo r yf 
vpon his confession ther he be not aiudged and punished for his 
offence w ch before me and his neighbours he hath confessed, 
and hath bin presented for the same, Then I pray yo u lett him 
againe be bound over vntill the next sess s wher I hope myself 
to be pnte and to procure such order against him as shall best 
befitt him. The bearer hereof; M r . Palmer, one of the constables 
of this towne, whoe is to deliver yo u the halfe crown for Ellis 
his fee hath occasion allsoe to appear at these sess n ; I pray you 
be a meanes aswell for his speediest dispatch as allsoe for his 
dischardge yf it may be w th Justice. I have sent my recogniz- 
ancs by him vnto yo u wheof I pray you take such care as the 
matter shall require. Soe wishing to yo u as yo u wishe to yo r self, 
I bid yo r right hartilie well to fare. Wells this 24 th of Aprill, 
1609. Your verie loving ffreind Tho : Hughes. 

30. " The humble petisione of Yeadeth Haninge," " To the 
Right Wo r shipfull S r Edward Hix, Knight, etc." "In most 
humble manner complayninge vnto you good wopp the grete 
want that I and my poore children Booth suffer for want of breade, 
for my husbande by the meanes of his brother is keept from vs 
and will alowe vs noe meanes at all," etc., from Eevill this 
Thursday morning. 

George Hayne, portryve. 

Richard Collens, "I r . , , 
T- , , r-k ? Constables. 

Edmund Deanes, J 

This poor woman to be relieved by the oftseers of the pishe 
of the pishe of Evill. 

31. A letter written from Orchard this xxiiijth of April, 1609, 
by yo r lovinge Brother and ffrind, John Wyndin To the Right 
Wor 11 , his good Brother S r John Portman, Knight, and other 
the Justices of the bench at the Sessions at Ivelchester, etc. 

" S r , vppon the levyinge of severall amercyamts imposed at 
sundry Sessions heretofore amountinge neere to the some of 
ffower pounds, on the Hundreds of Williton ffreemans and 
Carhampton for want of new makeinge of Mowthe Bridge in 



48 ^omemt (Quarter e00um4 



Decaye, etc., it was ordered that the Constables and the rest 
should pforme the same repairing to the place \v th Carpenters 
and masons had w th them, to consider and estimate how it might 
be best done, and vpon what Charge, etc., we have resolved that 
as soon as the waters doth abate well to come to the work and 
lay the foundation, a new assemblie shalbe for a psent Rate to 
be made, etc., the water Continuinge somewhat bigge, etc., My 
request is vnto yo and others the Justices of the bench, that yo 
wilbe pleased to spare, them of am'ciam ts at this Sessions, and in 
this cause I assuringe yo in their behalfes and my owne, in all 
that may Concern my dutie, and place about the same that before 
Bartholomew Day next the same bridge shalbe set vp and well 
finished, etc, 

32. Complaint made by " asstene gotfrie of marke, tethinge- 
man in the peace of our Lord God, thousand six hundred and 
nine," that he took William Lide in his tithing of stealing of 
sheep, etc. Richard Whitt taken in his tithing for " departing 
from his Captaine, out of Irlland with out lissences and 
other maters of felony," etc., but was never paid for so 
doing, etc. " Ytt is ordered by the Court that the Tythinge of 
Marke bee distrayned for 8s. ^d, laid out by Augustine Godfrey 
for carryinge of two prisoners to the Gaole." 

33. The humble peticon of the Townesmen of the Towne ot 
Brewton to be relieved from the warrant from M r . Alexander 
Evvens, M r . John ffarwell and M r . Morris Gilbert, setting one 
Richard Parker, who had been living in the parish of Charlton 
Whorethorne for the space of xxx tie years, and having ix 
children by two " weeves," on the town of Bruton. Order made 
by the Justices that the said Richard Parker should repair to 
Charlton and there to be relieved, etc. 

34. Order made at the General Sessions of the peace held 
at Wells, the Tuesday next after the feast of the Epiphany of 
James I. (1607-10), that thear shalbe payd towards the 
fynishing of the reparation of Kaynsham Bridge owt of the 
Western lymits xx 11 and out of the east xx 11 w ch sayd sumes 



&omcn!*t Quarter &t$&itm& ^trortiji. 49 

shalbee answerd owt of the hospitall mony of each dyvisyon, the 
yeare 1610. 

Tho : Phellyppes, Edw. Hext, 

Hug : Halswell, John Portman, 

Jo : Rodney, John Haryngton, 

Barn : Samborne, ffran : James, 

Thomas Horner, Robrt Cuff, 

Fra : Baber, Alex. Evvens, 

Robert Hopton, Tho : Hughes. 
John Adams, 

35. A warrant signed by " John Haryngton," dated the roth 
day of January, 1609, an< 3 directed to the Constables and 
Tythingmen, and others commanding them in his Majesty's 
name to bring before him or some other of his fellow Justices, 

the bodie of Thomas Hill," etc. 

36. An application signed by the overseers and the inhabit- 
ants of the parish of Walton, for a licence for the erecting of a 
cottage there by " Richard Pittman, borne wthin the pishe 
aforesaide and allweys a dweller there, havinge a wief and maney 
poore chyldren," etc., "the said Richard Pittman is a verye 
honest and true laborer, and verye needeful in Respect of the 
want of Laborers w th in o r said pishe," etc. Consent given by 
" Edward Hext." " Yf the lord of the mano r be pleased, a 
place be Assigned him to buyld yn," etc. 

" I am contented, the inhabitants shall appoint a convenient 
place to erect a Cottage accordingly, 

Thomas Thynne." 

37. 2 November, 1609. An order made by " Hug. Halswell 
and Edward Rogers," for the payment of " the some of three 
pence weekelie," etc., " toward the maintaynaunce or sustentacon " 
of a " base child," born in the parish of Northpetherton. 

38. The examination of John Sittyngs, Glastonberre, Smyth, 
touching his dealing with horses. 

H 



50 j5?omcrsct Quarter 



39. The informations of Agnes Harding of Stanton Prior 
Spinster, and of Marie Abbott of Keinsham, wife of Tho. 
Abbott, respecting an assault committed by Henrie Champ- 
neyes or Chammes of Wilmington, upon Willm. Richmond, 
Junr. of Stanton aforesaid on the highway near Brislington. 

40. An order made by " Tho. Phelyppes and Cristofer 
Preston " for the maintenance of a " base child," born at 
Stoford in the parish of Barwick, I5th day of July, 1609. 

41. A complaint made by John Jennings, churchwarden, 
and John Gamlinge and John Ingram, overseers at Milverton, 
that an order made for the maintenance of a child, had not 
been acted upon. 

42. An order made the 2/th of February, 6 James I., by 
Sir John Rodney, Knight, and ffrancis James Doctor of the 
Lawe, for the maintenance of a child born at East Pennard. 

43. An order made the 22nd day of June, 1609, by Alex- 
ander Evvens and John fifarewell, Esq., for the maintenance of 
a child born in the parish of Wincalton. 

44. An order made the 2Oth day of June, 1609, by Henry 
Walrond and Crystofer Preston, Esq rs ., for the maintenance 
of a child born at Chard. " Which thinge by any probable 
circumstances, both vppon ^the examyncon of the women w ch 
weare present or neere at the byrth of the said child and also 
by the testimony of other witnesses could not appere vnto vs 
to be trew, neither induce vs to give credit to the accusation 
of the said Margarett Wylliams : yet finding the said Wylliam 
Parris als Dourt tractable and wylling to contribute towardes 
the relief of the said child, we do therefore order that the 
said Wylliam Parris als Dourt shalbe bound w th sureties to the 
Churchwardens and overseers for the poore of the parish of 
Chard aforesaid, for the payment of the sayd weekely some 
of eyght pence," etc. 

45. The Report or Certificate of John ffrauncis and Humfrey 
Windham, Esquyers, etc., taken before them at Milverton, the 



Quartet dt&foiuf l&ttortt*. 51 



1 9th of April, 1609, and whereby "yt appeereth eyther by other or 
by wry tinge vnder John Cade's hand and seal, or by both, that 
the said John Cade (a married man) is the ffather " of three 
illegitimate children," etc. " That is to saie Marie, Johane, and 
Margarett, and what they doe thinke of their pte fitt to be 
Censured therein," etc. 

46. An Order set down, etc., by John ffrauncis and James 
Clarke, Esq res , etc., by them taken at Bishoppes Lideard the ixth 
day of May, 1609, f r the maintenance, etc., of an illegitimate 
child," etc., of Elizabeth Sellocke als Honiball and George 
Cridland of the place Fullur, " ffynally it is ordered for his and 
her corporall punishment they shalbe openly whipped in the 
streete in the Towne of Bishoppes Lideard aforesaid." 

47. An order made at Priddey, the eight day of July, 1609, 
by John Maye and John Adams, esquires, that Thomas 
Whiteinge should pay yearly during the term of his natural life 
the sum of xx tie nobles quarterly (viz.), thirty three shillings and 
four pence every quarter to the Mayor of Axbridge to the use 
of his son Robert Whiteing, for the maintenance of him, his 
wife and children during such time as the said Robert Whiteinge 
shall not be able of himself to maintain himself, his wife and 
children. 

" Wheras by an order att the genlall Sessions holden att 
Ivillchester in the Countye aforesaid, the xxvth daye of Aprill 
last past, vppon the peticon of the mayo r and Burgesses of the 
tbwne of Axbridge, that Robert Whiteinge, an inhabitant of the 
said towne haveinge a Wief and eight Children is so decayed 
by longe imprisom 1 thorough shuertiship as that he is 
become thorough his said Children a burthen vnto the said 
towne and that Tho : Whiteinge, his father, beinge a man of 
greate vallew refuseth to give him and them any releife in theire 
extreame necessitye," etc. 

48. " To the Wo rs the Kings Ma ts Justices of the peace. 

We the Constables of Taunton in the Countye of Soiflst and 
others of the same Towne doe pray yo r good wo rs to grant to 
Durstoun Briddian of Wedmore yo r Lawfull licens to bringe 



52 domevlet (Quarter $eftfum4 



Butter to o r Towne of Taunton, ffor that he is staled by Brudg- 
water menn and Cannott com thrugh the same, not Haueinge a 
licence, and we will rest bound to yo r good Worshipps for the 
same. Wee know that he or his wife is heare this soifi time 
twice every Weeke With one or two horselading of Butter. 



JohnBoone| c bl 
James Reynolds J 



For Taunton onely S r John Portman. 

William Ednye, Hugh Hill, port Rives, 

Willm. Lechland, Wm. Dare, 

John Payen, Simon Saunders." 

78. An order dated the xxij th of June, 1609, made by 
Alexander Ewens and John ffarewell Esquires, for the " sustenta- 
tion and mayntenance of a child born in the parish of Kylmenton. 
The mother to pay $d. a week, she having vnmotherly and 
most vnnaturally stopped and dried upp her brestes, by means 
whereof she hath no milk to norishe, cherishe, and breede vpp 
her said childe, but must be suckled and brought vpp by another 
Woman " ; the reputed father to pay gd. a week, etc. 

79. A letter from " Your assured louinge frende Fra : Baber, 
dated Chewe this xij th of June, 1609," addressed To the righte 
Worshipfull my very louinge frendes S r John Portman, S r 
Edward Hexte Knights, and John Pine esquier," etc., respecting 
" one Evans his wief, daughter, and servaunt," who had been 
bound over to Taunton Sessions by Thomas Neade of Beaminster, 
within the county of Dorset, etc. [Memoranda relating to 
1 8 cases indorsed on the same letter.] 

80. An order made by John fifrauncis and Humfrey Windham 
Esquiers, at Milverton the I5th day of March, 1609, " towards 
the findinge " and " keepinge " of a child " borne out of lawfull 
matrimonie " at Sampforde Arundell. The money to be paid 
"vpon the sondaie in everie of the said weekes Immediatelie 
after dyvine service ended in the forenoone of the same daie 
and vnto the Churchwarden or Churchwardens of Sampforde 



(Ohtartcr ^ejistong tfocortte. 53 



Arundell," etc., " att or vpon the Communion table in ye Church 
of Sampforde Arundell aforesaid," etc. The father and mother 
shall u after the first lesson vpon some sondaie or sondaies in the 
pishe Church where he or she dwelleth confesse their faulte and 
offence aforesaid," etc. " And yf he or she shall faile in doeinge 
hereof," etc., to " be openlie whipped," etc. 

81. An order made by S r Nicholas Halswell Knight, Edward 
Rogers and Robert Cuffe Esquiers, at Bridgwater, the 22nd of 
February, 1608, for the " keepinge of a basse Chield named 
Brigett," etc. 

82. An order dated the 23rd day of April, 7 th James I., under 
the hands and seals of Sir Edw. Hext and John Pyne Esq re ., 
for the relieving and keeping of a child whose parents belonged 
to the parish of Chilthorne, and that the same might not be 
chargeable to the parish of Mochelny where she was born. 

83. An order dated the 7th day of February, 6 th James I., 
at Netherham, under the hands and seals of Sir Edward Hext 
and John Pyne Esqre., for the relieving and keeping of one 
Richard Merryett born in the parish of Huishe. 

84. An order dated the 1st day of March, 6 th James I., made 
at Milverton by S r ffrauncis Popham, Knight, John ffrauncis and 
Humfrey Windham Esquyers, for the finding of a child born in 
the parish of Wyvelscombe in the county of Somerset. 

85. " An order touching a base child named Sommer," born 
at Otherey, taken the 2ist day of January, 1608, by " S r Nicholas 
Halswell Knight and Robert Cuffe Esquior, two of his Ma ties 
Justices of the peace neere vnto the said pish of Otherey." 

86. " An order for the keeping of a base child named Charyty," 
born at Stokegurcy, taken by S r Nicholas Halswell Knight, 
Edward Rogers and Robt. Cuffe Esqrs., etc., February 22, 
1608. 

87. " An order for the kepinge of a base child named 
Lyster," born at Middlezoy, taken the 22nd of April, 1609, by 



54 



S r John Malett and S r Nich Halswell Knights, Edward Rogers 
and Robert Cuffe Esquie rs . Two reputed fathers to pay ^d. 
each weekly. 

88. An order for the keeping of a child born at Huishe, taken 
by Sir Edward Hexte and John Pyne Esq re . 24th April, 
7 James I. 

89. An order for the keeping of a child born at Evell, taken 
by Alexander Ewens and John ffarewell Esq re , the i6th day of 
February, 1608. 

90. An order for the keeping of a child born in the parish of 
St. Decumans, taken by S r John Windham and John Trevelyan 
Esquier, " att Yarde " the 4th day of March, 1608. 

91. An order for the keeping of a child born within the 
parish of Kinton, taken before Alexander Ewens and John 
ffarewell Esq res the 25th day of January, 1608. 



BOOK XL 
8 AND 9 JAMES I., 1610, 1611. 

1. Certificate dated the 25th of June, 1611, that John 
Rabbetts of Pilton had with two sufficient sureties entered in to 
band of sum of 10 to me, George Ganfeild, one of the overseers 
of the poor of the parish aforesaid, George Gaynforde. - 

This certificate is most true. 

Jo : Rodney. 

Rychard Morland. 

The mark of William Pearse. 

The mark of Edward Latman, Churchwarden. 

2. To the Hon bl S r Edward Phellipps Knight Maister of the 
rolls. 



55 



The humble petition of Robert Jerrard of Sampford Orcas. 

To grant the good behaviour against John Dancy of Samp- 
ford aforesaid, gent. 

Being one of the grand jury, 12 months previously, Robert 
Jerrard presented John Dancy for not coming to his parish 
church. About St. James' day last past your Supp st , with some 
others, having occasion to go to the parish church after prayers, 
of Sampford aforesaid, to be satisfied of divers matters in 
controversy between Mr. Clavell and himself, concerning a seat 
in the church. And the said Dancy there came to your Supp st , 
and challenged the feild of him, with many outragious audacious 
and disgraceful terms in the church of Sampford Orcas aforesaid 
and in the presence of divers others. 

3. An order dated the vij th day of April, 1611, made by Sir 
Tho. Phelyppes and Sir Edw. Hext for the keeping of a child at 
Walton. 

4. An order dated the I5th day of July, 1611, made by Sir 
John Harrington [signs Haryngton] and James Bysse Esq re , for 
the keeping of a child at Buckland Dinham. 

5. An order dated the 28th day of August, 9 James I., made 
by Sir George Speke and Sir Thomas Pelyppes for the keeping 
of a child at South Petherton. 

6. The humble petition of the parishioners of Tintenhull. 
That the town of Ivelchester having at the last Sessions 

etc., holden at Ivelchester "sythens Easter last," presented 
that the Cawswaye of his Ma ts highway leading from Petherton 
brydg unto Ivelchester, was in decay for lack of reparation. We 
whose names, of the said parish of Tintenhull and also of the 
said Town of Ivelchester which are hereunder written, whereof 
divers were of the said Jury do signify, etc., so much as it ought 
to be repaired by the said parishioners of Tintenhull, etc., from 
the southwest corner of a pasture ground called Tintenhull West 
feld adioyning unto the lane there leading towards Ayshe, unto 
a " lytle brydg or bow " lying nearer to a great " brydg or bow " 



56 J!?omen}ft (Quarter 



by Ivelchester meadow called Chear bow " ys very sufficiently 
repaired and amended," etc. 

Signed 

Robt. Pope. Edward Podger. 

John Lockyer. Thomas Napper. 

Henry James. Thomas Hopkins. 

John Hopkyns. 

Signed : Sander Sille. 
Signed : Melchides (?) Jones. 

Intrat r . ; discharge the pcesse. Ordered that pees shalbe 
staid, and the psentmt. discharged. 

7. Petition to Sir John Portman Kt., and the rest of the 
King's, etc., Justices at Taunton, from the inhabitants of 
Odcombe, that Josephe Audley of Odcombe, Tanner, who was 
pressed a soldier into Ireland, and there employed in the service 
of our late "sovereign lady of famous memorye quene 
Elizabethe," etc., where he was " maymed and hurte," now 
using the trade of a tanner, etc., may erect a dwelling house 
at Odcombe on the lords waste ground, licence having been 
obtained from S r Thomas Phelippes Kt, lord of the manor. 
[Undated.] 

8. The humble petition of Thomas Prockter a " pencioner." 
[Taunton.] 

Order made that his two years' pension $ 6s. should be paid 
immediately to Thomas Prockter who had been two years at 
London lyng under " Chivrgions hands in cure of his wounds by 
meanes whereof he hath been unpaid duringe the said two yeares," 
etc. 

9. The Humble Petition dated the 25th day of June, 161 1, to 
the Justices assembled at the General Sessions of the peace 
holden at Taunton of John Bearde of " Michell creeck " etc. 
Blacksmyth who after having bought a small cottage, and had in 
the new building thereof " sett vpp the same to keepe yo r said 
Suppliant and his wife and children from Winde and Raine and 
blustros Wheather " etc., " ytt pleased God by fyer to distroy the 



(Quarter Sessions Ifttcorlfd. 57 



same aboute seaven Dales sithence and like to haue burned yo 1 
said suppliants poore children as they laye in theire bedds had 
not yo r said suppliant adventured his life beinge in great 
distres to free them from the fier etc." 

An order made the 25th day of June, 1611, for the Petitioner 
to have and receive out of " hospitall money " $. 

JO. Memorandum that I Thomas Moore of Hatesbury in the 
countie of Wilts Esquier lord of the manor of Linge in the 
countie of Somerset have covennted and graunted etc., vnto 
James Millard of Linge aforesaid Laborer A convenient quantitie 
of ground in breadths and lengths for him the said James to 
buyld erect and sett vp A Cottage for habitacon in Stackinge 
lane within the parish and manor of Linge aforesaid wher 
Robte Bidgood my baylif shall lymit and appoynt etc., by the 
rent of six pence yerely etc., and such other customes dutyes 
and Svics as other the like Tennts doe etc. In witness etc., the 
1 2th day of April 9 James I. 

n. Petition to S r . Nicholas Halswell Knt., Edward Rogers 
and Mr. Robert Cuffe Esquiers etc., signed by William Hitt 
Constable, George French, vicar there, and about 25 other 
inhabitants of Lyng for a licence for the said James Millar or 
Millard to erect such cottage. Licence granted. 

12. Petition to Sir John Windham dated the second of May 
161 1, from twelve of the inhabitants of the Stowey respecting Joan 
Peter " a woma of verie euill name and fame etc." 

13. To the Right Wo r . the Justices of the Peace at the 
Taunton Sessions. 

The humble desire of Thomas Gould being " by some 
mischaunce fallen so lame, as that I can nether go nor ryde " 
that Robt. Podger his wifT and daughter may be continued to 
the good behaviour etc. [Undated.] 

14. 4 to Aprilis Jacobi Q no . 

The causes of the good behaviour granted against Robtc 
Podger at Easter Sessions in Ivelchester. 

I 



58 ^omertfet Quarter 



Imprimis the enclosing the common and high way to the 
Mills of Thomas Gould in Northover by force and without any 
right etc. 

Itm the said Podger was convicted of manslaughter and his 
fellow hanged for the same fact etc. 

15. The complaint to the Justices at Taunton by Thomas 
Gould and others respecting Rob 1 . Podger. 

1 6. i;th October, 1611. 

Presentment of Humphry Sible and Joan Breathers of 
Ilchester in the Court of the Archdeacon of Wells. 

17. An order made the 6th day of April 1611 respecting a 
child born in North Perrett. 

1 8. An order made respecting a child born at Weston [super- 
Mare]. Dated the 20th day of January 8 James I. 

19. "A Certificate. 

To the right Worshipfull the Justices of Peace in the Court 
of Somerset nowe assembled in the quarter Sessions holden at 
I Ilchester. 

Maie it please your Worshipes to be aduertised that John 
Bollam the bearer hereof hath beene a good whiles sithence 
publickely married here in the parish Church of Wiueliscombe 
accordinge to the order appointed in the booke of common 
prayers to one Charity Atkins late of Elsworthy which thinge to 
be true we the parties vnder named doe testifie and certifie at 
the request of the sayde John by the subscription of our names. 
Dated at Wiueliscombe the laste day of March Anno Doi 1611. 

by me William Crouther 

vicar of Wiueliscombe 

Henrie Storie John Hoyell 

Dauid Yea Junio r Robert Cordinge 

overseers for the pore 

Willeam Bennett 

George Mere Church Wardings." 



(Quarter jbtwitmt ifUcorfctf. 59 



20. An order made the igth day of February 1610 for 
relieving and keeping of a child born in the parish of Curry 
Mallett. 

21. An order made the 22nd day of March, 1610, for the 
bringing up of a child born in the parish of Wincanton. 

22. At luellchester iij day of April, 1611. 

Presentment that Robert Podger of luelchester etc. 
Shomaker upon the xxviij th day of March Qth, James I. With 
force and arms did assault, beat and evil entreate Thomas Golde 
of Northover etc., gent etc. 

Market way leading from Babcary unto Bruton is founderous 
etc. 

The market way leading unto Evyll and Sherborne is 
ffounderous etc. 

23. An order made the 8th day of December, 8 James I. 
towards the relief of a child born in the parish of Dynnyngton. 

24. An order dated the xxijth day of December, 8 James I. 
by Sir George Speke and Sir Thomas Phillipps Knights, Henry 
Walrond, Christopher Preston and Thomas Warre Esquiers that 
John Rowswell of Combe St. Nicholas, husbandman a tippler 
without licence, who had been committed to gaol for three days 
had found sufficient sureties whereupon he hath been 
delivered. 

25. An order set down and established touching a child born 
within the parish of Mudford. Dated ist January, 8 James I. 

26. An order made respecting a child born within the 
parish of Purs : Caundell in the County of Dorset. Dated 
3 January, 1610. 

27. The confession of Joane Rabbetts of Purs-Candle taken 
before Alexander Ewens Esquire the ipth day of October 1610 
respecting the paternity of the child. 



60 



28. Wells Sessions 1610 [i]. 

The humble petition and information of John Saffin of 
Bicknaller yeoman in the behalf of his servants, Mathew Beale 
and Jane Longe, sheweth and informeth that " Richard Phelps 
Clarke vicar of Stogumber and Bicknaller" hath heretofore 
privately informed against the said Mathew and Jane, and 
caused them to be cited to the Ecclesiastical Court at Wells for 
not receiving the Communion at Easter 1609 " whereas himselfe 
repeld them therefrom for not yielding to pay such duties as his 
procter demanded," etc., " caused the said Mathew to be cyted," 
etc., " for lookinge on players at tyme of dyvine srvice whereoi 
noe proofe could be made " etc., " likewise procured the said 
Jane to be cyted etc., for not receyvinge the Communion three 
tymes in the yeare " etc., " caused the said Mathew to be cyted 
to Welles for playinge at Bowles in the Churchyard of Bicknaller 
on Whitson eve laste which could not be proved against him, by 
occasion of which citacons the said Walter and Jane haue bene 
put to greate traile and expenss " " the said Mr, Phelps hath 
heretofore bene bounde over by the Justices of the peace of 
those p ts for the like troublesome behaviour and vsage towards 
dyvers others of his pishioners, but hath rid himselfe from 
answeringe them by supsedeas, yet vseth the like dealing to 
dyvers other psons " etc., " Prayeth yo r wo r P s to provide some 
good meanes wherby the said Mr. Phelps may be reclaimed, 
from theis, and the like his vncharitable and malicious 
courses." 

29. An order made the xjth day of July i6ioby Sir Thomas 
Phelyppes and Sir Edward Hext Kts., for the keeping etc. of a 
child born in the parish of Kingsdone. 

30. An order made the viijth day of January 1610 by Sir 
George Speke and Sir Thomas Phelyppes Kts., for the keeping 
etc., of a child born at Compton Durvyle within the parish ot 
South Petherton. 

31. An order made the 5th day of January 1610 by the 
same Justices for the keeping of a child etc., born in South 
Petherton. 



&onur4ct Quarter ^estetcmg Sftccotfcs'. 61 



32. Petition by the Constables (Thomas ffbrde and Jacob 
Dawes) and several of the other inhabitants of Glastonbury, that 
13 6s. 8d. which was ordered by the Sessions at Bruton on the 
1 2th of January, 1603, to be disbursed and paid yearly to the 
two Alms houses in Glaston, should be equally divided and paid 
over unto the Constables so that the poor may have the full 
allowance, etc. 

33. Petition of Josephe Audley of Odcombe, Tanner, hereto- 
fore pressed as '" Soldyo r into Irelande, and there ymployed in 
the Svice of o r late so^aigne ladye (of famous memorye quene 
Elizabethe) where yo r Supp 1 was maymed and hurte, And nowe 
vsinge the trade of a tanner, wherevnto yo r sayd Supp 1 was an 
Apprentice," etc., to give " allowance " to his building a dwelling 
house upon some part of the lords waste ground in the parish of 
Odcombe. " To the s r Wo r11 S r Edward Phelippes, Knight, and 
the rest of the Kings Ma ts Justices of the peace at the Sessions 
assembled." 

Allocat. p. Curia. 

34. Consent by the tenants of the manor of Westnuton 
[West Newton] " to the bearer hereof John Stodgell, being an 
honest pore man a tennts sonne of the said manner havinge a 
wyfe and two children) to erect sett vpp a Cottage in some waste 
and spare place w th in the said mannor to sucker him his wyfe 
and children in this theire poore estate." 

S r Henry Hawley. 

The Churchwardens and ouseers of the poore of the pishe of 
Northpetherton doe consent hervnto. 

!> Churchwardens. 



> ou's 



Willm. Palmer, 

Willm. Keape, ^ouseers. 

Robte. Batt, 

Henrie Chicke, John Galhampton, Roger Starkeye. 
John Hucker, his marke Richard Starkeyes, the marke 
of John Stodgell, George Chicke. 



62 ^omenlet (Jluarttr &twitm& 



35. To the Right Woorshipfull the Justices of the benche, at 
the generall sessions holden at Taunton, wee the inhabitants of 
the pishes of Berrowand Breane whose names are vnder written, 
wishe pefect ffellicitie in Christ. 

Where as the bearer hereof Richard Barber of Berrow being 
bounde to answere, at this Sessions, conserninge a certayne 
shippe who by forse of weather, was driven into Axe water, 
where they anchored for the space of eightine dayes, or there 
aboutt, att which tyme they behaved themselves in verie good 
sorte, And beinge serched, by the officers appoynted for that 
place, it was reported by the same officers that they were a 
Marchaunt of Hull, by reason where of divers of the worke men 
who then wrought about the sea fences, and daylie beholdinge 
their honest demeanor, went aborde them, and manye other 
more of the Countrye neere adioyninge. Now this bearer at 
the same tyme sold vnto one Isacke Goold sonne of Robert 
Goold of Vphill, one hiffer woorthe thirtie-three shillinges and 
fowre penc and by the same Isackes appoyntment delivered the 
victualls vnto some of the Companey, of the same shippe of Hull, 
and at the deliuerie thereof, was seen by all the woorke men that 
wrought there, at the same tyme. In witness whereof, wee beinge 
bound in Christian Charitie, to testifie the truthe in doubtfull 
causes as fare foorth as we knowe have here vrito sett our handes. 

Richard Morgan, frances Hill, Thomas Goolde, c/> Thomas 
Hodge, + Willm. Maron, b Beniamme Griffen, John Combe, 
Bartholomew Syme, J Anthoneye Linge, Thomas Banwell, 
Robert Loove, T James Thomas, George Rydon, Willm. 
Palmer, John Trott, Willm. Sydnham, 8 J onn Rydon, Hugh 
Goolde, 6 Roger Swayne, Willm. ffrye, Thomas Gillinge. 

36. The Petition of Elinor Boult now prisoner in the Sheriffs 
Ward of Ivelchester, at the suit of Robert Somers of Othery 
whose covenant servant she was for the space of four years, etc. 

37. Certificate of the Constables of Brewton, John Davies 
and John Chicke, concerning one Graye who by reason of some 
important actions'we could not bring but have sent him by our 
Officers unto your Worship for the which we had your Warrant 
at the Quarter Sessions, etc. Dated the I3th of May, 1610. 



Quarter j$t$$ion$ 2&ecortt3. 63 



38. A Certificate of inhabitants of Stogursey addressed to 
Sir John Wyndham, Knight, respecting the behaviour of 
Elizabeth Bennett wife of Alexander Bennett of Stogursey, etc. 
Thorns. Hobbes, gent, John Denscombe, John Prest, Walter 
Poole, Henry Glover, the mark of David Burland, John Tucker, 
the mark of Willm. Markes, the mark of John Milton Indorsed 
[Peticoes et Lre, Certificate at Taunton Octavo certificat 
against Eliza : Bennett of Stogursey]. 

39. The information of Richard Watts Constable of Shepton 
Mallett concerning one John Dolinge, Innkeeper in Shepton, 
aforesaid, etc. 

Upon " Sonday " the 8th of April last certain outrages and 
" affrayers " in breaking his Majesty's peace were committed by 
divers lewd persons and " cosners " in Shepton Mallett intelli- 
gence being given by divers of the inhabitants and especially by 
one James Strowde, etc. " About St. Andros day last there was 
committed within two or three miles of Shepton, five robberies 
on the high way within eight days," etc. Boiling's house was 
observed to be a place of weekly resort of many lewd and sus- 
picious persons " Amongst whom was one Burdge, Hill, Homes, 
Tucker, Loxton, Shepard, Biggs and others whos names he 
knoweth not of which some of them are executed and other some 
doe stand vppon bayle and the rest are not yet taken, etc." 
Another place of meeting was at an " Inn in Brewton called the 
Vnicorne." 

40. " A Note what Jone Worcombe can say whose the mare 
is and what hath been done as concerning the same." 

41. At the Assizes and General Gaol delivery, etc., held at 
Chard the ist day of August James I. before Thomas fflemyng, 
Knight, Lord Chief Justice of the Pleas and Laurence Tanfeld, 
Chief Baron of the Exchequer, etc. 

The lord the King against James Beard. (?) 
It is ordered that the defe 1 shall be suppressed from keeping 
of Alehouse or Tippling house, etc. 

Warre. 



6 4 



&omrn!et Quarter 



42. A certificate dated the /th of January, 1609 (10), from 
the inhabitants of Wotton addressed to Sir Edward Phillipps, 
Knight, giving "our neighbour Richard Bartlett of Wotton," a 
good character, etc., John Strode, Robert Coker, Hum. Stickland, 
John Packer, Rector de Wootton, p r d, Richard Butters, Thomas 
Patye, John Clavell, John Pyne, Tho. (?) Barnes, John Arnold, 
John Ryves, William ffoorde, Henry Kete, (?) Hughes Donlnton, 
William Jenkyns, Ralphe Mullett, Samuell Rabbetts, Richarde 
Hebdyche, Rich. Downton, Willm. Saundes. 

43. A certificate from the subsidy men (with the exception 
of one subsidy man) and women of the parish of Stawleighe, 
that they were very willing to accept of the security which John 
Churley the bearer hereof hath offered unto us for the discharge 
of our said parish of Stawleghe " tow chinge," etc., a child, etc. 
[Undated]. 

44. A rate made by the ryght honorable the late lord 
Cheefe Justice of Englande as foloweth ffor his Ma ties S r vice 
within the towne and pish of Wellington. 



George Michells 
Vid Shirford ... 
William ffry ... 
George Prowse 
Johane Browne 
William Marten 
John ffowacr ... 
Thomas Gifforde,- the 

elder 

Vid Gill 

George Prowse... 
George Coope ... 
An Wood widdow 
Margaret Sowthy and 

John Burt... 
John Sely, the yonger 
William Pery ... 
Richard comer 
[Parsons] Robt. Psons 
Vid pry of pry [Percy] 
Johan Howell (?) 
Richard Syle and 

William Cogan ... 
John brocke 



\d. William Stut iiij//. 

iijW. Thomas Gifforde the 

vd. yonger ... xvd. 

\\}S. x]d. Johan Gardner vid \\]d. 

}d. Alexander Bull iij^. 

njd. George Bery ... \\\]d. 

iiijW. John Cole ... }d. 

John Weaver ... ijd. 

\}d. Kathrne Colborne \}d. 

\]d. Walter Popham, gen njd. 

njd. ob. Jasper Golet ... njd. 

njd. Henry Gifford, land vd. 

ijs. ijd. The tenants of Capes 

land of Colompton xv. ob. 

vjd. Thomas ffrances esqre. njd. ob. 

xjW. Humfry Wordan, gent. xiijW. 

}d. Humffry carpenter ... \\\\d. 

v']d. Robt Colman ob. 

Wiliombud of London iijd. 

xxd. Laurenc Steres Servants xvd. 

iijW. ob. Henry How jd. 

The Tenant of George 

vd Safforde ij. ob. 



<&uart*r ^cstetons 3fttcortis!. 65 



45. An order for the keeping of a child named Thomas born 
in the parish of Chedzey made by Sir Edward Hext, Knight, and 
Edward Rogers, Esquier, etc. Dated the 6th day of Aprill 1610. 

46. An order made by John ffrauncis and Humfrey 
Windham, Esq rs . at Milverton the 8th day of June, 8 James I. 
towards the " finding " of a child born in the parish of Wivelis- 
combe. 

47. An order made by Sir Thomas Phelyppes and Sir 
Edward Hext, Knights, on the x th day of June, 1610, for the 
keeping of a child born in the parish of Huishe. 

55. An order made by John ffrauncis and Humfry 
Windham, esquires, at Milverton, the last day of August [1610], 
towards the keeping and the finding of a child born in the 
parish of Wiveliscombe. 

56. Certificate dated the i6th day of September, 1610, stating 
that the bearer John Atkins is bound over to appear at this 
Sessions (by the means of one Katheren Passemors of Dulverton), 
who had accused him of being the father of her child. That 
upon the authority of a " mydwiffe, with other honest women," it 
had been found that she was not going to be a mother. 

Teste me Johe Watts, Clercke. 
By me Roberte T route, "| 
Willm. Morris, ^-Constables. 

By me John Catford, J 
Nicolas Carre (?). 
Robert Chillcott. 

Addressed to Sir John Windham, Knight. 

57. 17 die Septembris, Anno Dno, 1610. Certificate that 
Robert Goodinge of Northpetherton had given a sufficient bond 
for the payment of 3, etc., towards the " relyving and 
mayneteyinge " of a child called Alexander. 

The mark of Martin Kellie, one of the churchwardens. 
The mark of Henry Court, H.C. \ n .o c _ 
The mark of William Nation, M. / L 

K 



66 &omenfet (Quarter 



58. An order made by Sir Tho. Phelyppes and Sir Edw. 
Hext on the Qth of April, 1610, for the relieving and keeping of 
a child born in the parish of Somerton. 

59. An order made by Sir John Portman, Sir Tho. Phelyppes, 
Kts., and Henry Walrond, Esq ris , the 3<Dth day of March, 1610, 
for payment to the overseers of Bicknell 6d. weekly, towards the 
keeping of a child, etc. 

60. An order made by Alexander Evvens and John ffarewell, 
Esq rs ., etc., the 1 5th day of February, 1609, towards the sus- 
tentation and bringing up of a child born in the parish of 
Marston. 



BOOK 13. 
9, 10 JAMES I., 1611, 1612. 

1. A precept dated in the General Sessions holden at 
Taunton the xxvth day of June, 1611, for the collection of a 
sum [the amount not specified] to be paid by the hundred of 
North Curry for the relief and maintenance of the towns of 
Dunster and Mynhead, " latelie infected w th the pestilence," etc., 
and the same to bring vnto Taunton vnto M r , John Trobridge, 
his house there on Saterdaie, the xiijth of July next, and to 
paie yt vnto the Constables of hundred of Carhampton or 
their assignes," etc. [The names of eighteen hundreds endorsed 
on this document.] 

2. "Sir W th ou r Dutyes Remembred may it please yo r 
worshipes this bearer Willyam Slade hathe couenantid w th one 
Richarde Allen of Stratton on the forse, to be his Svante for one 
whole yeare, and hathe \}d. as his covente monye and is to haue 
ij 11 xiijj. m]d. for his yeres svise vidz xiij^. iiijW. the quarter, and is 
to goe to the sayd Richarde Allen the 20 : of this monnthe, in 
wittnes herof wee whose names ar vnder expressed haue her 



(Quarter dt&fontf &ecortf$. 67 



vnto sett ou r hands. Castell carye this Sondaye beinge the 19 
of Apiell, [612. 

Yo r WOP S : to Dispose of 

John Batt, Constable. 
Anthony A. Barough. 
Gabriell Finder. 
William Dawes. 

[Endorsed.] To the Wo r shipfull M r . Alex. Ewens, Esquire, 
at his house at Northe Cadburye humbley geue these : " 

3. A certificate dated Staple, this 2Oth day of April, 1612, 
signed by Robert Boyse and Nicholas Streette and addressed to 
the Justices at the Sessions at Ilchester, certifying that Olyver 
Bradsaw had complied with order taken by S r John Portman 
and M r . John Symes for the discharging of the parish of a 
child. 

4. A certificate signed and sealed by "Thomas Power, maior," 
of the city of Bath, stating that " John Woode of this Cytty" 
Docto r in phisicke standeth heare bounde in Recognizances w th 
suertyes for keepinge of the peace against All his ma ts , leige 
people and especyally against John Blackleech." Dated 2Oth 
day of April, io th James I. 

Addressed to all his Majesty's Justices of the peace within 
the County of Somerset. 

5. An order made the I3th day of Dec. 1611, by Sir 
John Rodney in the matter of divers controversies depending 
between Robt. Podger and Roger Searle of the one pt, and 
Robert Seely, Cadwallader Gylbert Richard Seely and others of 
the other pt, for and concerning a Battery and Rescowse 
supported to be doone and comitted vpo and against ye said 
Robart, Podger and Roger Searle, etc. 

6. The humble petition of Jane Lye, wife of William Lye, 
" a poore distressed woman," stating that her husband who was 
born at East Pennard a " mettleman by his Trade," had fled 

from her leaving her two children " and noe place of certeyntie 



68 $omeret (Quarter 



to dwell in," etc. Order made that if she could prove either 
by the godfather or godmother of her said husband that he was 
born in East Pennard, then she should be settled there and 
provided for. 

7. A document [torn] with the names of Jo : Stone and 
Mathew Bindon, overseers of Old Cleve. 

8. Thomas Horner, Esq re , to the Justices at Ilchester, 
respecting the order which was taken by the Lo : Cheiff 
Baron, that M r . Baber and M r . James Bisse have the hearing and 
determining of the controversies between Robert Bonham and 
Agnes Vowles, And according to the order M r . Baber and 
M r . Bisse met at Pensford, etc. [the maintenance of a child at 
Buckland Dinham]. 

9. Letter from Sir Thomas Bridgs dated from Keinsham this 
21 th of April, "to my Lovinge freind M r . Edward Wicks," etc., 
requesting that the bearer, Henry Oliver [Oliver], should be 
discharged, sooner than the usual time of calling the recogni- 
zances, " the party who swore the peace against him " having 
released him. 

10. A fragment, " Johes Weaver als Chappie of Marke h xx 11 . 
Tho. Pagoose, of Limpsham h. Jo : Wynn de Marke x 11 ," etc. 

11. A Certificate from the inhabitants of Wellowe, stating 
that Egford Bridge belonging to the inhabitants of Henton and 
Norton, and for the repairing of which two amercements had 
been levied upon them, etc., had been very well and sufficiently 
repaired and amended for the space of two years, etc., think it 
fit that the foresaid Inhabitants of Henton and Norton should 
be eased, " And the Amersment stoken forth," etc., 2Oth April, 
1612. 

stay the issues 

Egford Bridge. 

Edw. Popham, John Porch, 

John Bockill, John Willis, 

John Rodwaye, Richarde ffrauncis. 



(Quarter &*gs't'on$ t&ccor&S. 69 



An order made at the General Sessions at Ivelchester for the 
removal of Edward Walker, an incorrigible rogue, to the place 
where he saith he was born, etc. Dated the 24th of April, 1612. 

12. A letter dated Kemsham this 2Oth of April, 1612, from 
Sir Thomas Bridges to M r . Wicks, requesting that the bearer, 
John Wooley of Kemsham, who was bound over unto Illchester 
Sessions might be dischargid, the child being since dead and the 
woman " runne away." 

" I request yo vv that he may presentlie be discharged and not 
staie the vsuall tyme of callinge in regard he is a very poore 
fellowe." 

13. Letter (20 Aprilis) from John Marsh of Taunton, "To 
his very lo : frind M r . Edward Wykes, clerk of the peace att 
Ilchester," asking him " to save one Willm. Exton of ffitzhead 
his yssues, hee is sick and not well able to trauell, ytt is vppon 
a Trause [traverse], And I will get yo satisfaccon this terme 
in London. And soe in haste I rest, Yo rs Assured. 

John Marshe." 

14. Names of the Jurors for the Lord the King [18 names, 
one struck out and twelve apparently sworn]. 

15. "Articles exhibited on the behalf of Thomas Morgan of 
Easton in Gordan Esquier, against Thomas Robbes and Mary 
his nowe wife as followe. 

Inp r mis the said Thomas Robbes told one John Vigars 
that the said M r . Morgan would Cousen him the said Viggars 
about the assuring of his Tenemt as he had Cosened him the 
said Thomas Robbes of Lyme blocks and pale and xx !i of 
money. Itm the said Thomas Robbes himself then replied and 
said that whatsoever the said Mr. Morgan borrowed of them did 
Cousen them of it. Itm the said Thomas Robbes wife called 
him the spawne of a passons sonne, and that the said 
Mr. Morgan's father did walk and that he was * cuniured ' 
(conjured) into the red sea, etc. Itm the said Mary Robbes 
said that she was as good a woman as Mrs. Morgan, and that 



70 



the said Mrs. Morgan was but a pedler's daughter, and that her 
father went about w th a footepack, etc., etc. 

Itm she Called one Abraham Balle, a very honest man, and 
a sufficient maister of a shippe, Drunkered, w th other opprobrious 
terms not fit to be vsed. 

ffurther she slaundered another very ancient modest woman, 
one Joan Gurnett, etc., etc., and generally she hath vsed lewd 
speeches of all the marryners wives of the parrishe, etc." 

1 6. A letter dated from Abbotts Leigh this J3th of January, 
1611, from Samuel Norton Esqr. to the Justices at Wells, stating 
that he had been requested by his neighbour, Mr. Thomas 
Morgan, to certify great misdemeanors both in words and 
actions done against him, his wife, his son and heir, and divers 
other of the best of the parish by Thomas Robbes and Mary his 
now wife, etc. [Refers to the Articles in No. 15.] 

17. Yo u must make Indictemts psently for theis following, 
etc. Jo : Browne. 

1 8. Francis Baber Esqre. to Sir Edward Hext, concerning 
Robert Bonham, who, at the last Assizes, had petitioned to " my 
lord Cheif Baron," touching a child, etc. 

19. " S r I haue sent yo u herin Closed iiij or recognizances 
wheof one is for a Typler, for w ch this bearer will deliu yo u iiij d . 
And soe I comend yo u to God's ptecon. Dunster Castle this 
xix th of A prill, 1612. 

Yo r very louinge ffrind, 

Peter Meade. 

To my very good ffrind Mr. Christopher Browne, at Ivel- 
chester these be ded." 

20. A list of Cases. 

21. A fragment of an Indictment. 



(Quarter &t$4ion3 ifocorte. 71 



22. An order made by Alexander Ewens, John ffarwell, and 
William Swanton Esqres. on the 8th day of April, io th James I., 
touching a child born at Weeke within the parish of Milburne 
Porte, etc. 

23. An order made by Sir Thomas Phelyppes and Henry 
Walrond Esqre. on the 22nd February, 161 1, touching a child 
born in the parish of Barrington, etc. 

24. An order made by Sir John Portman and John Symes 
Esqre. on the 1 2th day of February, respecting a child born in 
Taunton St. James. 

25. An order made by Sir Thomas Phelyppes and Christopher 
Preston Esq re on the I4th day of March, 9 James I., relating to 
a child born in the parish of Yevell. 

26. An order made by the same Justices on the 2ist day ol 
March, 9 th James I., respecting a child born in the parish of 
West Coker. 

27. An order made by John ffarewell and William Swanton 
Esqres., on the ist day of March, 1611, respecting a child born 
in the parish of West Camell. 

28. An order made by the same Justices on the ist day of 
March, 1611, for the keeping of a child born in the parish of 
West Camell. 

29. An order made by John Maye and Nathaniel Still 
Esqres. the last day of March, 1612, for the keeping of a child 
born in the parish of Lympsham. 

30. An order made by Sir Maurice Barkeley Knight, and 
William Swanton Esqre., the 6th day of November, 1612, con- 
cerning the maintenance of a child born in the parish of 
Brewham. 

31. An order made by John ffrauncis and Humfrey Windham 
Esquio rs , the 8th day of January, 9 James I., concerning the 
maintenance of a child born in the parish of Wellington. 



72 $om*r4et Quarter 



32. An order made by the same Justices on the same day 
concerning the maintenance of a child born in the parish of 
Wellington. 

33. An order made by the same Justices on the same day 
concerning the maintenance of a child born in the parish of 
Westbuckland. 

34. An order made by the same Justices on the same day 
concerning the maintenance of a child born in the parish of 
Westbuckland. 

35. An order made by Alexander Ewens and John fifarwell 
Esquires, the 26th day of January, 1611, touching a child born 
in the parish of Queene Camell. 

36. A Bond dated the 4th -day of March, 1611, given by 
Mathew Harford of Creech, husbandman, to Sir John Rodney 
Knight, to appear at the Sessions at Ivelchester, 2ist day of 
April next. 

37. Bond given by Henry Ayshwood of Ivelchester, Tayler, 
Robert Lyde of the same, etc. Tayler and Robert Bartlett of 
Northover, Shewmaker, to Sir John Rodney Kt, on the 25th day 
of March, 10 James I., for the appearance of the said Henry 
Ayshwood at the next General Sessions, etc. 

38. Bond by John Bowber, Rector of Buckland Mary, Robert 
Bowber, and John Bowbeare Junior, taken before Sir John 
Rodney Kt, I5th March, 9 James I., to appear at Ivelchester 
the 2 ist day of April next. 

39. Bond of James Pulman of Taunton, etc., haberdasher, 
before Sir John Rodney Kt., 1st April, 1612, to appear at 
Ilchester 2ist April next. 

40. Bond of Richard Elworthie of Stogursey, etc., Tucker, 
before Sir John Rodney, i8th March, 9 James I., to appear at 
the Ivelchester Sessions., 



uarter deslgumg 3&fcovtt$. 73 



41. Bond of James Hawker of Wellington, etc., husbandman 
[Laurence Cape of the same, husbandman, and James Comer of 
Wellington, Sureties], before Sir John Rodney, 6th February, 
1611, for the appearance of the said James Hawker at the next 
Sessions. 

i 

42. A petition, by the inhabitants of Combe St. Nicholas 
stating that one Richard Stockman and Vrsila his wife of 
Combe St. Nicholas (the youngest of them being above the age 
of 80 years and having no means of relief but only from the 
said parish of Combe, and have been by them relieved by the 
space of three years or thereabouts, which is surcharged in the 
present case by reason of the " Dedness of Trade and Dailie 
increase of the poore people, are like to perishe throughe famine," 
etc. Do humbly beseech your worships of your charitable fore- 
sight and provident care of Christian souls, being armed and 
enabled with the power of his Majesty's laws to tax, assess, and 
rate one John Stockman of Dorley [Durleigh] within the said 
County, son of the said Richard and Ursilowe, for and towards 
the relief of the said Richard and Ursilowe according to law 
and equity, for that the said John Stockman is a man of good 
means and able to relieve and keep his said parents from the alms 
of the said parish, and a man of small charge has but iij children, 
one married and ij marriageable. As knoweth the Almighty 
who ever in all felicity preserve your worship's estates. 

Willim Ramsey, vicar, Edward Rosseter, 

Thomas Fringe, constable, John Swete, 

John fifrie, Jun., Roberte Woode, 

John Irishe, John Keeche, 

John Seller, John Lombard, 

Thomas Addecote, Nicholas Mardir. 

John Stockman of Durleigh, Apd. Ivelchester to pay \2d. 
weekly, and when he shall be of better ability to pay more, etc., 
p. Cur?. 

43. At the General Sessions of the peace holden, etc., at 
Ivelchester the 2ist day of April, 1612, etc. 



74 &mtwvgct Quarter 



Licence is granted by us the Justices of the peace here 
assembled, whose names are hereunder written that Roger 
Woodruffe of Miles Burrowe in the parish of Gregoriestooke, 
shall now build, edify, and set up an house or Cottage (with all 
convenient speed he may upon part of a close of meadow ground 
called by the name of Racke howse lying in Miles Burrow 
abovesaid, arid now in the tenure of the said Roger Woodruffe, 
which part of the Close of meadow he of late bought for the 
term of three lives of one John ffull James, gent., for the sum of 
five pounds, etc. In witness, etc. 

Tho. Phelyppes, Edw. Hext, 

Alex. Ewens, John fTarewell. 

44. " The humble peticion 01 James Balche. May yt please 
yo r wo : r ? s to be adw?tised that vpon the first of this instant 
Aprill, by Gods secrett ordinance and not by any Casuall or 
Careless meanes, the same daie being verie greate and violent 
winds, yo r humble peticioner had by fire his Dwellinge howse, 
Barne, Bakehowse, Stable, and hay howse burned and consumed 
to the walles, and in the same howses had likewise burned the 
halfe of his household stuffe, all his Corne to the number of 
cxx tie bushells of wheate, barly, malte and beanes, ij Lodes of 
hay, and vj CaJues, his losses being of the valew of too hundred 
pounds and vpwards, to the greate hinderance and vndoinge of 
him and his famylie, Except yo r wo : r P s in some Charitable 
manri? shew yo r favoures towards him, etc. 

Ivelchester Decimo 

vppon this peticon, it is ordered that the said James Balche 
shall have a hundred Markes towards his loss, to be payed vnto 
him by the Tresurors of the hospitalls for the wester Division, 
half of it to be payed vnto him this Sessions, and this Sessions 
come twelve monthes thother halfe. 

John Portman, Tho Phelyppes, 

Nich. Halswell, Edw : Hext, 

Tho : Warre, John Symes, 

Alex Ewens, John fifarewell, 

Christofer Preston, Henry Walrond. 



Quarter &*0gum0 l&ecortfS. 75 



Ivelchester Decimo. 

45. At this Sessions it is ordered that proclamacon be made 
that noe Church Ales shal be kept, and all Justices doe bind over 
all such as shall keepe any ales by meanes of the dearth of 
Corne. 

It is gentally ordered that the Composicon (?) shall holde." 
[Signed by all the Justices whose names appear to No. 44, 
with the addition of " Willm. Swanton."] 

46. Petition by the overseers of the parish of Walton, with 
the Churchwardens and the rest of the inhabitants there, for a 
licence for William Somer to erect a cottage there. 

47. At the General Sessions of the Peace holden at 
Ivelchester the xxij th day of April 1612. 

Order made that no Summons be made upon presentments 
before the party or parties presented be called into the court, 
etc. 

Order made that where the Grand Jury have found Billa 
vera and the witness do not likewise come forth to give their 
evidence unto the Jury summoned and appearing for the trial so 
it seemeth they have compounded the cause without making 
the court acquainted therewith that a warrant of the good 
behaviour be then granted against such persons not coming 
forth to give their evidence, etc. 

48. An order made at the General Sessions of the Peace at 
Ivelchester the 21 day of April 10 James I., referring the 
question as to whether Mary Byflet were settled at Winford 
unto Sir Hugh Smith and Sir Edward Gorgs, Knights, John 
Maye and JosephJRattle, Esquiers, etc. 

49. An order that Sir Hugh Smith, Kt., should inquire into 
what damage had been done by John Plentie and William 
Neweborne who had assaulted Thomas fferrybee in Walton 
Park with a view to compensation. 



76- 



VOL. XV. 
10 JAMES I. [1612-3.] 

35. A letter dated from Cheriton the 28 th [vicesimo octauo] 
day of January, 1612, written by Lions Willnghbie to "my 
lovinge ffrinds Mr. Edward Weeks and Mr. xpofer Browne 
Clarks of the peace at the Session at Taunton or other of them," 
etc., concerning an indictment that he had preferred against one 
John Jacobb of Cheriton for a new erection contrary to the law. 

36. Letter dated the 13 th day of July, 1612, and signed 
Edmde Mathewe (?) addressede to Mr. Weekes at Taunton " yf 
Richard Neele the bringer hereof be indighted at y r quart 1 
Sessions for keepinge ill rule in his Inn, I pray let me entreate yu 
to stand is ffrind to direct him howe to traw? se [traverse] it, etc." 

37. A statement dated the 13 day of the month of July, 
1612, " By me John Doughtie, parson of Alphington," to the 
effect that the bearer of it, Jone Turner, of Alphington, in the 
county of Devon, was married by him unto Gyles Turner in the 
parish church of Alphington about viij years since. 

38. A letter from the constable of Wells Forum and 
" Estwalle " and others to John Mayes, Esquire, dated the II th 
of July, 1612, stating that Richard Triggle, who had been in 
great danger of his life in consequence of a certain " affraye or 
righting betwene difts psons in Etwalls vppon mydsoiftday last 
at night, etc., had throughly recovered of his said hurt," they 
therefore ask that these poor men may appear at Taunton 
Sessions " and not be further trobled conning this busines," etc. 

39. An order for the better explanation of an order set down 
at Ivelchester Sessions last, viz. that whereas James Balche hath 
received 20 from Sir Bartholomew Mitchell, Kt, late Treasurer 



&onurdet Quarter j^ssJtons' Mtcorte. 77 

of hospitals for the Easter division, he is now to have 20 more 
from Sir Henry Hawly, Kt, treasurer of hospitals at his going 
out of his office, and 20 the next year, etc. 

Ordered that Thomas Lott who had been committed for 
misdemeanors towards Mr. ffrancis Baber, Esqr., etc., having 
submitted himself to him the said ffr. Baber, etc., should be set 
at liberty. 

40. A licence granted at the Taunton Sessions 14 July, 
10 James I., upon a Certificate from "the Reverent the Lord 
bushoppe of Winton," to John Barry to erect a cottage upon the 
waste of the parish of Corfe within the Manor of Taunton and 
Taunton Deane. 

John Portman, Jo. Malet, Nich. Haswell, Thomas Bridges, 
Edmund Rogers, Tho. Phellypps, Edw. Hext, Henry 
Walrond. 

41. At the same Sessions 

An order made for the bringing up of a child at Staple- 
grove. 

42. The Petition to the Justices at the same Sessions, 1612, 
of John Kinglake of Gregoristocke, etc., weaver, " that whereas 
yo 1 poore Suppliante about St. Peter's Day in the Nighte Laste 
paste the Howse hold stuffe Corne and other things of yo r poore 
Suppliants amountting to the value of One hundred pounds or 
theire abouts was burned and consvmed w th fyer and yo r poore 
Suppliant's wife and Children were also in great Danger of 
Burninge moste pittifull to be seen to the great hurte and vtter 
vndoing of yo r poore Suppliante, his wife and fyve smale 
Children, etc. Prays for relief. 

" It is ordered by us that this bearer John Kinglake of 
Gregorystoke shall receive at this jPsent Sessions towards his 
great losse by fyer fyve pounds," etc., further relief to be 
considered by the next Sessions. 

43. A deed poll signed by Roger Newborough of Barkeley, 
co. Somerset, Esquier, Edward ffallowes parson of Barkeley, 
John Whitocke, Constable of the Town and Hundred of ffrome, 



78 ^omerSet (Quarter &ts$ion3 



William Dixe [signs Dickes] " Baylif," etc., George Heskens, 
Edward Cooke, William Moodye, and sealed with the Town Seal 
etc., stating that on the 12 th instant of July last past a fire had 
happined in the house of one Joan Wilcox, widow, and Thomas 
Wilcox, of Barkley, Broodweaver, burning down the dwelling 
house and houses of the said Joan and Thomas and also the 
shop and working houses of the said Thomas and therein also 
burned " three broad weavers lomes and one kersey lome," etc., 
" Doe nowe therefore desire yo r Charitable Releifand benevolence 
for the better helpinge of the said Joan and Thomas," etc. Dated 
the x th of July Ao. Dni. 1612. 

Order made at the Taunton Sessions for the payment of 5 
to them on sight hereof. 

44. At the petty Sessions holden at Pensford the i8 th day of 
April, 1612, before S r . Thomes Bridges, Knight and ffrauncs 
Baber, esquier. 

" Impmis wee doe p'sent that John Perce of Midsorff Norton, 
etc., Taylor hath kept an Ale howse in Norton aforesaid ever 
sithince Michaelmas laste and hath sould lesse then an Ale 
quarte of his beste beer for a peny divers severall Sondayes in 
his said howse since Christide last and yesterdaye he did the 
like," etc. 

45. 4 die Aprilis, 1612. 

Certificate of Sir Maurice Barkley, Kt. and William Swanton 
Esqre. as to their finding of the matter of Jonadabb Pullyre and 
Arthur Gregory, John Gregory, and John Meggs, etc. The 
name of the parish not given. 

To the Justices at the Taunton Sessions, Certificate dated 
the I4th of July, 1612, signed by Giles Barde, Richard Welsowry, 
John Sweeting, Jun. and Giles Sweeting that the bearer Symon 
Pepping had given a sufficient discharge for a child born in the 
parish of Bicknaller. 

46. " To the right Wo 1 ' 1 S r John Portman, Kt. and Baronett, 
Thomas Warre, Esquire, and the rest of the Justices at the 
bench assembled." 

The humble peticon of Thomas Shalder, " Stating that he 
and Davey Westbrooke had been bound for the appearance of 



(Stiarttr &t&&itm$ l&ecorttg. 79 



Edmond Manswell of Wellington," who was bound over at 
Wells Sessions last for an assault and battery, " for the 
which he hath not been pcecuted never since," and that at the 
time the said Manswell should have appeared " he was in 
Wilsheire, where he had broken his legg, soe that by noe meanes 
he could not travell to appeare at the sayd Sessions : " he 
therefore asks that his recognizance may be discharged. 

Thomas Shalder. 

47. At the same Sessions at Taunton. " Whereas yt appear- 
eth vnto vs that William Stowey of Cutcombe, in the said 
Countye, Laborer, havinge a Wife and fyve Children, and hath 
frenn three severall tymes prest into Ireland and ffraunce for 
her late Ma ties Service in which he served by the space of Sixe 
yeres, And there receaved dyvers hurtes and maymes in his 
lyms and body, As by his peticon and passe more playnly 
appeareth, We therefore have thought it fitt, And doe hereby 
order that he shall nowe at this Sessions receave from the 
Treasurer of the maymed Soldiers of this Countye, the some of 
thirtie shillings towards his releefe." 

John Portman, 
Nich : Halswell, 
Edw. Hext, 
Thq : Warre, 
Era: Baber, 
John fifarewell. 

48. Decimo die January, 1611. An order made by John 
Maye and Nathaniell Still, Esquiers, etc., for and concerning a 
child born in the parish of Compton Bishop [epi]. 

49. Wee the Collectors and Churchwardens of the pishe of 
Compton Epi, doe certifie that this order was pformed by the 
parties w l hin named according to the order. 

William Say and 

James Thruston. 

John Wrintmore, 1 .-,, 

Edward Tuthill, / Churchwarden* 



8o 



50. Nono die Julij, 1612. An order made by John Maye 
and John Rattle, Esquiers, etc., for and concerning a child born 
in the parisfToT Wedmore. 2d. a week to be paid towards its 
maintenance. 

51. The I5thdaye of Jullie, anno domini, 1612, etc., certifi- 
cate by the Overseers and churchwardens of the parish of 
Wedmore, that the father of the child had " putt in bond 
according to the order sett downe," etc. 

52. An order dated the I5th day of July, 1612, for the 
keeping of a child born in the parish of Walton. 

Edw. Hext, 
Edward Rogers. 

53. The 2/th day of June, 1612. An order made by Thomas 
Bridges, Knight, and ffrancis Baber, Esq r , etc., for the relief and 
maintenance of a child born at Chew. 



BOOK 1 6. 
SESSIONS ROLLS, 10, 11 JAMES I., 1612, 1613. 

1. "A Briefe of the misdemeano rs committed by Thomas 
Burde of Liddeard Epi Tayler, and now in the gaole, w th request 
there to remaine for examples sake to Peter Sindercombe of 
Lidcleard aforesaid and other suche his Confederates that 
threaten to kill the Constable or other officer or whatsoei? that 
shall either by Warrant or otherwise seek to bringe him before 
the Justice," etc. 

John ffrauncis, 
Hufrey Windham. 

2. Objections against John Maryne for the good behavior 
w ch i graunted agaist him and bound by S r Edward Hexte. 
" Impris he is by pfession a hooper, but lyveth very Idelly from 



Quarter Jr>e$3um3 HtcortJisl. 81 



place to place, but comonly at Curryryvell in an Alehows, 
where the man and the wife haveing but one bedd, the saide 
Maryne lyeth w th them both ; not longe agone findinge one 
Anthony Wodd, who hath but one legge, in honest and peace- 
able Company Challenged him to fight w th him, etc. 

There ys at Puckington one Margery Parsley, that hath a 
base Child, she lade yt to the said Maryne, etc. 

Tho. Phelyppes. 

3. Charges against Mathewe Nashion for beating Thomas 
Burd's wife, etc. [Not dated.] 

No place is mentioned, but it probably took place in 
Bishop Lydeard. 

4. A brief to give yo r worPP 3 to vnderstand of the vniust 
dealings of John Watts of Sutton, w'hin the pishe of Murlinch, 
etc. 

Signed by Bawden Mallet, Robert Torres, Will. Gapper, 
Robert Nunney and others. 

5. Information against Julian Evill or Evel by the inhabit- 
ants of Poyntington, etc., the I3th of September, 1613. 

6. Part of the causes objected against Richard Hollway 
tithingman of Cloford, bound over to the Ilchester Sessions by 
M r . Hopton and M r . Bisse, and there bound to the good behaviour 
etc. 

7. An Order taken and agreed on at Yarde by us, S r John 
Wyndham, Knighte and John Trevelian, Esq er , taken the 
xxjxth day of July, A dni 1613, concerning the relief of a 
child born at Huishe chamflower, etc. 

8. Certificate dated Whitlackington, this ipth of Octob r , 
1613, signed by Sir George Speke, Sir Tho. Phelyppes and 
" the Waie Warders for this yeare," Thomas Poole and William 
Aishton, that a way in the tithing of Whitlackington and 
Autherston leading from Hurcott towards Kingston, which 
had been presented by a Jury at the Sessions holden at 

M 



82 J^omcrSct (Quarter 



Ivelchester last, as being somewhat founderous, by means 
whereof the people could not well pass, which way is (and also 
was before the feast of Penticoste laste) " very well and sufficiently 
repaired and amended, that no fault there now may lawfully 
be found by any passenger, where these may assure you of the 
truth hereof," etc. 

B. [Bridgewater], xj. 

9. Order made that George Myles of the town of Mynhead, 
who had received great loss by fire which happened the vth of 
May last to his utter undoing, should have 10 given him. 

p> Cur Jo: Mallet, Edw. Hext, 

Nich: Haswell, Edward Rogers, 

Thomas Bridges, Tho : Warre, 

John Trevilian. 

ga. Order made at the same Court that for as much as it 
was truly certified by sufficient testimony of divers of the 
inhabitants of Holford, that John Harsell of Holford aforesaid, 
tippler "doth keepe many misdemeanors and ill orders in his 
house, to the great disturbance and greefe of his neighbors 
theare Dwellinge, that the s d John Harsell shalbe suppressed 
from sellinge ale and that the constable or Constables of 
hundred of Whitley shall take away his licens from him." 

10. It was ordered at the same Sessions [at Bridgwater the 
I4th day of September 1613] that if any two persons settled in 
any parish within this county by the space of one year or 
upwards being not impotent shall intermarry that the Church- 
wardens or Overseers for the poor or any others of the 
parishioners there shall not be any way bound to provide them 
with any house until they shall become impotent and not able 
to relieve themselves. But if they being married and able to 
provide them a house that the churchwardens nor any other 
shall lay any tax upon any that shall so let them a house for 
their money or will sell them a plot to build a house on. 

11. Ordered at this Sessions that whereas Edith Bowen of 
Wrington widow standeth not only indicted for barratry and 



(Quarter dt&tfumd 2&ecovtte. 83 



battery by several inhabitants but also the inhabitants of 
Wrington have certified the bench of divers other misdemeanors 
by her committed. It is ordered that if she offend again or 
misbehave herself, that then the consideration of her punishment 
be referred to Mr. May and Mr. Rattle " to whipp her at a carts 
tayle " or to inflict any other punishment upon her as they shall 
think fit in their discretion. 

12. "I Henry Watteres dwelt with Mr. fisher of Hewich 
vij yeares. 

I dwelt with John Mashall one year at Hewich. 

I dwelt with Richard Hackere one yeare at Hewich. 

I dwelt with Rabart Genninges of Cory Evell iij yeares. 

I dwelt at Mocheny for the yeare. 

The last that I dwelt with was Henry becknell of aller 
ij yeares. 

I woulde hartelie intreate that I might be derected to the 
Almeshouse of Curriereeuill. 

I haue dwelte at Lamporte since Bartholomew daye last was 
twelue moneth. To be pvided for at Aller pPCur." 

13. Certificate dated the third of Septr. 1613 signed by 
Nicholas Browse vicar of Minehead, George Qvvyerke, Walter 
Slocombe, Constables and ten other of the inhabitants of 
Minehead stating that the bearer thereof " Margrett Lewes a 
poore distressed gentlewoman and our honest neighbo r , who 
hath lived in Mynehead almost theise xxx tl yeres " etc. " had of 
late viz. on the xxjth day of May last past her dwellinge howse 
w th all her goods to the valewe of fiftye pounds sodanly 
consumed and burnte " etc., " the fire flaminge into her howse 
before she knewe of y l w ch thinge happened by a carelesse 
neighbo r of hers " etc. Do humbly " intreate your worships by 
some charitable means to releive and comforte this pore afflicted 
wydowe " etc. 5 is given to her etc. 

14. At the Sessions 1612. 

Respecting the running away from Norton of the father of 
a child. 



84 ^omrttftt (Quarter 



15. 3rd day of July, 1613. 

Certificate by Robt. Languishe and Henry Hunt, Church- 
wardens of Winsecombe and Thomas Hobbes, John Morse and 
Thomas Cable overseers that a bond had been given for the 
keep, etc., of a child. 

1 6. Certificate at the Taunton Sessions of John Whippie and 
John Burgs, Churchwardens, and Richard Lewokings and John 
Goodhinde of Whitchurch that a security had been put in for the 
maintenance of a child. Dated at Whitchurch ist of July, 1613. 

17. Order made at the Taunton Sessions on the 6th July 
1 1 James I. that John Tucker als Parker might build him a 
house on his one acre of land near unto Crew kerne subject to 
the consent of " the Lorde of the soil," etc. 

1 8. Petition of John Tucker als Parker of Crewkerne etc., 
Feltmaker. 

19. Petition of the Constable Overseers of the poor and side 
men of St. James [Taunton] to the Wor 11 Thomas Warre 
Esquier and the rest of the Justices now assembled. 

"May it please y or wo r PP s that whereas in Anno Dni 1607 
Thomas Gibbens and Henry Allen Churchwardens of St. 
James aforesayde received into theire handes the some of 
twenty poundes which was made by them that yere to have 
benn imployed by the genall consent of the sayde pishe in 
Charatable vses for the good of the poore of the sayde pishe in 
manner followinge viz. Tenn pounds thereof yerely for ever 
then after to be bestowed in twoe thowsande of woode faggotts 
for the releif and good of the poore of the sayde pishe w ch 
bought by the pennye and the sayde x 11 to be deliued over at 
euy yeres end vnto the nowe p wardens and soe to be contynued 
for ever etc." [The money had been misapplied and the faggots 
discontinued] etc., u there are certen lands and tenem ts belonginge 
to the sayde pishe of the yerely value of xiiij 11 p> Ann w ch should 
be imployed by the Churchwardens and ouseers of the poore for 
the releife of the poore there " etc., (the pishe beinge very full) 
etc. "They humbly desire that y or wo r ? s wilbe pleased to 



(Quarter ?tst'omi tftecotftg. 85 



examyne the truth of this busn'ess And that you will likwise 
take such further order therein that the abuses thertaof may be 
reformed." 

" The names of those that did giue theire consente that the 
x 11 should be imployed for ever in faggotts to the vse of the 
pore 

Mr. Thomas Brereton Mr. Richard Pearce 
John Davidge Robert Huishe 

John Warman Robte Godd 

Roger Chaplen Richard Kingesburie 

Henry Allen 1 7 i 
Thomas Gibbens j Wardens ' 

20. At theTaunton Sessions 6 July, 1613, it was ordered that 
William Tirrell of Mynehead etc., Shooemaker by means of his 
great loss by fire etc., should be paid 6 i$s. ^.d. 

2oa. X ls for Robt. Bradford who had tymber fallen vpon him, 
xx s at Bridgwater Sessions and xx s at, etc. 

21. The Petition in favour of the said William Tirrill of 
Minehead dated the 26th of June, 1613, signed by the vicar, the 
two constables and twenty-one others. 

21 a. Righte wor ui11 (our humble Duties remembered). Wee 
the pishsonJs of Mynehead Doe humblie intreate yo r worPP 3 to 
disburthen the poore towne aforesaid of one Raphe Tucker 
whose wyffe (because shee was borne at Mynehead) beinge 
found vagrant and begginge contrarie to the lawe was by the 
right Wor u11 Sir John Wyndhm, Knight, sent to vs by passe. 
Not longe after the said Raphe came thither also, And forthw th 
went into the countrie to begge was taken at Oldcleeue and 
committed to pson for robbinge of a barne, And at the assises 
followinge Discharged, Wandringe againe was taken at Wemdon, 
by Bridgwater, and againe committed to prison, for breakinge of 
a howse theare at tyme of Diuine service, yet by mercy shewed 
againe freed. In this meane tyme one Whole yere is ended 
whereappon, he stoutlie vrgeth to inhabite w th vs in Mynehead, 



86 &<mur$ct (Quarter 



A place fallen into greate povertie by meanes of the late sicknes, 
the Dearth of corne, fire and other such disaster accidents 
happeninge to the same town, And further wee certified yo r 
good worPP 5 that this Raphe and his wyfTe, are people verie vnfit 
to be suffered to wander ffor theire practize is nothinge els but 
begginge, stealing (and w th reuence [reverence] be yt spoken) 
quarrellinge and Raylinge, they beinge younge valiant and 
stronge vse no honest arte or labour at all to gett theire lyvinge. 
In consideracon whereof, maie yt please yo r good worPP 3 to take 
some course w th them that the poore place be not troubled w th 
them, And wee shall eft bee bound to pray for yo r prosperitie 
As knoweth th'Almightie, vnto whose good graces wee commend 
you, Mynehead this vij th of July, 1613. 

22. Order made at the Sessions referring the hearing and 
ordering of this cause to Sir John Windham, Kt. George Luttrell, 
and John Trevelyan, Esq r , or to any two of them /th July, 
1613. 

Orders made at the Sessions at Taunton xj James I. 

23. The humble petition of ffrancys ffursey to the Justices at 
the same Sessions that whereas James Greedy and Joane his 
wife of Milverton, etc. people of lewd conversation and naughty 
demeanor have cunningly and by their wicked persuasions enticed 
and drawn one Valentine ffursey of Halse, etc., a very simple 
and plain fellow from his dwelling house and have conveyed him 
to live in some place, unknown to any of his friends, and before 
his departure have seized upon all the goods that he had not 
leaving to your supplt his wife and a child which she hath the 
meat and drink left in the house at his departure nor to his 
wife her wearing apparel, etc. Asks for such order against 
Greedy and his wife that your poor suppliant be relieved and her 
wrongs redressed, etc. 

24. An order made the I5th day of June, 1613, by John 
Symes and Robert CurTe, Esq res on two men for the payment of 
3^. a week each for the maintenance of a child born in the parish 
of Kingston. 



(Quarter ^tggtons Sfttcortts. 87 



25. An order made the 6th of July 1612 by Sir Thomas 
Phelyppes and Sir Edward Hext relieving the parish of Huish 
from the keeping of a child that was born there. 

26. Petition of Arthur Jeffery one of the Collectors of the 
poor of the parish of Bledon against the keeping by that parish 
of one Ralfe Bennett and his wife an old impotent man being a 
Smyth by his profession or trade, who was for ten years or more 
quietly settled in a dwelling house of his own within the parish 
of Hutton, aud who had worked in Bledon about one year and 
then departed again, etc. 

27. An order made the 24th of March, 1612, by Sir Edward 
Hext and John Symcocks, Esqre., for the keeping of Dyna 
HelHer a base woman child born in the parish of Baltonsbury. 

28. An order made by John Symes and Thomas Warre, 
Esq res . for the keeping and bringing up of a woman child laid 
down at the Spittle horse near Taunton [in the parish of 
Munckton]. Indorsed Orders Taunton undecimo. 

29. Letter dated the I3th of April, 1613, written by John 
Maye, Esq re . to his " very loving cosen Mr. Thomas Warr, Esq r . 
at Ivelchester," respecting the tithingman in Felton, etc. 

30. Order made at the General Sessions held at Wells the 
1 2th day of January, loth James I. [1612-3] tnat the matter of 
the petition of John Yorke and divers others the inhabitants of the 
tithing of ffelton, viz., that Richard Kinge, William Horte and 
Richard Griffin do refuse to take upon them the office of tithing- 
man be referred unto Sir Hugh Smith and Sir Edward Gorgs, 
Knights, John Maye, Joseph Rattle, Esquiers or to any two of 
them, etc. 

Order made by the Court [xj] on the finding of these 
Justices, etc. 

31. Articles exhibited against Stevin Billstone als Lurtins of 
the parish of Cloverd, I4th April, 1613. 



88 &omtttiet 



For selling drink without licence and harbouring bad 
characters. 

32. Orders that Leonard Millard of Evercreech a man very 
aged and lame in one of his hands should have and hold his 
cottage with the garden plot if he could procure the leave of 
John Penny the owner of the ground. 



32^. Order made [xj] that John Hurford, Richard Hygdon, 
thelder, Richard Higdon the younger, Gyles Lockyer, W m . Cutler 
and Andrew Raynd of the parish of Broad Marston should take 
upon them the keeping of one Richard Hygdon of Broad 
Marston son of W m . Higdon, deceased, who is now " luniticke " 
by means whereof he doth offend and wrong many of his neigh- 
bours there dwelling to their great trouble, and " greeffe," etc., in 
his own house if they can rule him there or otherwise that they 
shall cause him to be sent unto the Bridewell by virtue of this 
order, etc. ; to take an inventory of all his goods and chattels and 
that they may sell or otherwise dispose of the said goods for and 
towards the relief of the said " luniticke," etc. 

32$. Order made that Pawle Deemes of Kingsbury a very 
poor man (who had procured leave under the hand and seal of 
Edward Rogers, Esq r . being now lord of the said manor) to build 
a house at some convenient place within the said manor, etc. 

" Orders to be entered of Ivelchester xj." 

33. An order made the 2/th day of February, loth James I. 
for the keeping of a child born in the parish of Donyatt, Geo. 
Speke, Henry Walrond, Chrystofer Preston. 

34. An order made by Sir Thomas Phyllippes, Kt. and Henry 
Walrond, Esqre. for the keeping of a child born in the parish ol 
Ashill Ilmister the 2Oth day of March, 1612-3. 

35. Application and permission given (with the consent of 
Edward Rogers, Esq re , Lord of the Manor) to Pawle Deemes, 
being a very poor man and having a wife and four children and 



domntfet Quarter ^egsitomJ SftecorBS. 89 

who was born within the parish of Kingsbury to build a house 
there. 

Church Wardens for this yeare A no. Dni. 1612, is John 
Clarke and Roberte Bragge. 

Thomas Lavor signurrn 

G. R. Georgy Radbird I Q f h 

syned Johnanes Stuckey [ 

John Ostler. J 

36. Petition by Leonard Millerd, a man very aged and lame 
in one of his hands so that he is not able to labour and work for 
his living as he hath done to the maintenance of himself, his 
poor wife and children, etc., for licence to continue in a poor 
house, a cottage, erected upon a plot of ground of one John 
Fennys in the parish of Euerchrich who had given his consent 
etc. 

37. Somerset. xv die Septembris, 1612. 

" Whereas there hath bene a Commission awarded out of his 
Maty es high Court of Chancery vpon the statute made for 
reformacon of misimployment of Lands geven to Charytable 
vses directed vnto S r John Portman, Knyght and Barronett, 
Thomas Warr, John Symes Esq rs and others his Mat tes Justices 
of peace in this County, vppon execution of the same Comission 
it appeareth vnto the sayd Comissioners vpon the oaths of 
certen examynats that one Humfry Quyck late of West- 
mounckton in the said County decessed heretofore hath taken 
away and imbeseled such wrytings and evydencs as did concerne 
the ordering and governynge of the Almes howse in West- 
mounckton in the said County of Soifisett comonly called the 
Spittle howse And for as much as it appeared vnto the sayd 
Comissioners in licke mann! that thelection of the Governor of 
the same howse for the tyme being and the poore ther placed 
and the ording therof haue bene by the Consent of too Justics 
of Peace ther next adioynyng and the Church Wardens and 
Overseers for the poor of the sayd pish of Westmounckton yt is 
therfore nowe ordered at the Genlall Sessions by the Consents of 
the whole bench that fTrome hencefourth the said election and 
ordering of the said howse and people togeuther w th the 

N 



90 



revenewes thervnto belonging shall be by Consents of too 
Justics of peace ther next adioynyng for the tyme being and 
the church Wardens and overseers of the poore of the pish of 
Westmounckton aforesayd for the tyme being, And that one 
George Orchard is in lick mann! nowe elected to be the 
Governer of the howse and famyly ther and so to contynewe at 
the will and pleasure of the sayd Justics, Church Wardens and 
overseers behaveing hymself orderly." 

Intraf. 

John Portman, Nich. Halswell, 

Robert Hopton, Tho. Sowth worth, 

John ffravncis, Natha Still. 
Robrt. Cuff, 

38. Order made that all differences between John Gover and 
Margery Copstone who by virtue of an attachment had violently 
thrust the said Gover out of possession and had detained all his 
goods who although when the said Copstone had indicted the 
said Gover at the last Assizes for felony the bill was found by 
the grand Jury ignoramus, should be heard etc. by S r . Thomas 
Phelipps, S r . Edward Hext and Christofer Preston, Esqre. 
General Sessions at Ilchester 13 th April, n James I. 

39. A recognizance taken at Wivelescombe before John 
ffravncis and Humfrey Windham Esq rs . the i6 th of Dec. 
10 th James I., against keeping an Alehouse [name obliterated]. 

40. An order made the 9 th of January, 1612, by Henry 
Walrond and Cristofer Preston, Esqre. for the keeping of a child 
born in the parish of Chard. 

41. An order made the 8 th of October, 1612, by Henry 
Walrond, John Symes, Chrystofer Preston, Esqre. for the 
keeping of a child born in the parish of Chard. 

42. An order made at Netherham the i8 th of October, 1612, 
by Sir Edw. Hext. and Robert Cuff, Esqre. for the keeping of 
Margery Moone born in the parish of Othery. 



(Quarter Jtalum* 3Ucortte. 91 



43. Ordered that licence is graunted to Richard Councell of 
Wedmore to buy butter and cheese w th in the same Countie and 
to be a Comon badger of butter and cheese according to the 
statute and the same to sell in Wilts, Hampton, and Devon and 
to return out of the s d Counties w th three horses. 

Order made at the Sessions referring the question of the 
place of settlement of Margaret Jones to Mr. May and Mr. 
Rattle. 

44. " To the Wo r11 Thomas Warre Esquire and the rest of his 
Ma ties Justices of the peace nowe att Bench. 

The humble petition of John Pearce of Midsomer Norton, 
etc., atte a pettye Sessions holden att Pensforde in the absence 
of yo r peticoner (he beinge a tipler, licensed) your said Peticoner 
was presented for selling lesse then an ale quarte for a pennye of 
his best beere contrary to the Statute, And afterwards at the 
quarter Sessions last holden att Taunton by meanes of that 
prsentm 1 he was discharged from Tiplinge, for the space of three 
years. 

He humblie praieth for that he was absent at the tyme of 
the presentment (And beinge ignorant in traversinge the said 
presentment the same beinge altogether vntrue) And for that 
also the house wherein he Dwelleth hath ben a vsuall victuallinge 
house by the space of Thirtie yeres past and himselfe the 
Prince's Bailefe there That the examinacon of this cause maie be 
referred for better manifestinge the truth thereof," etc. 

" This is referred to S r . Thomas Bridgs, Kt, and James Bisse 
esquier wheather he be fitt to tipple or noe." 

45. Order made at the General Sessions at Wells, 12 th of 
January, 10 James I., that 10 in addition to the 10 previously 
ordered to be paid to William Linterne and Nicholas Mabstone 
of the Town of Glaston Clothiers towards repairing of their 
loss sustained by fire should be paid to them. 

Maur. Barkeley, E. Gorgs, John Maye, Fra. Baber, Tho. 
Hughes, Tho. Sowthworth. 

46. Order made upon the petition of Christopher Smalland 



92 ^onurScr Quarter ^rs^tons 



of Mychell Creech who was maimed in Ireland for the payment 
to him of forty shillings out of the hospital money, etc. 

Nich. Halswell, Tho. Warre, James Bysse, Robert Cuffe, 
John Maye, Tho. Symcocks. 

47. Articles of misdemeanor to be objected against Elizabeth 
Leaker the supposed wife of Atewell Leaker of Aishotte, etc. 

Imprimis sythens the last Sessions the said Elizabeth hath 
sworn the peace at London against divers honest and peable 
men and namely against Arthur Thorne, Charles Crosse, gent, 
Willm Solamon and Silfeter Hodges and hath thereupon 
procured process against the said parties and hath sythens caused 
some of them to be thereupon arrested who have entered into 
bonds for their appearance in the Crown Office, etc. 

48. " Articles to be obiected against Henrie Bendell of the 
pishe of Westburie in the countie aforesaide Tipler. 

Imprimis the saide Henrie Bendell hathe sold ale and kept a 
tipling howse for the space of one yere and half notwith- 
standing that he had no license so to doe and S r John 
Rodney Knight in his life time did affirme that he 
should have no license of him because he knew him a 
man unfit for the same, and also dwellethe oute of the 
towne in the fild, out of the most vsuall way for travellers. 

Itm he dothe not keepe the assise of breade and -ale 
according to the statute, and hath refused to serue the 
poore for theire redie mony, when he hathe had bothe 
ale and breade in his howse. 

Itm he hathe vsually kept in his howse the children and 
servants of the inhabitants of the saide pishe of West- 
bury aswell by night as in the time of Devine seruice 
on the Sondaies and holydayes, and they haue bin there 
so longe that they haue fowght and comitted bludshed 
to the greate disturbance of the neere neighbo rs . 

Itm the saide Bendell hathe bin complained of at the pettie 
Sessions and no reformacon had, and sithens he hath 
bin complained to the right Wo 11 M r Doctor James and 
M r Maye : and althowghe M r May hathe bounde him 
over to the quart. Sessions yet he hathe continued his 



(Quarter $*&iiong 3&ecor&s. 93 



disorders in his howse as toofore ; And now lately 
before Christmas last (it is credibly reported) that one 
Walter Holmes and John Browning that came lately 
out of the gayle were entertained in his howse and 
shortly after that the saide Holmes stole oxen and is 
againe sent to the gayle. 

Yo r humble orators 

John Hardwiche sen. 
John Boulting 

in the names of sundry the inhabitants of 

Westbury aforesaide." 

49. Petition of the parishioners of North Cheriton stating 
that the said parish had been before that time overcharged and 
too highly rated towards the maintenance and relief of the 
maimed soldiers and hospitals. Pray that the examination of 
this cause may be referred to the hearing of the next Justices 
there next adjoining etc. Referred to S r Mawrice Barkeley 
and M r . Swanton. 

50. A Petition of the Churchwardens and Overseers of 
Compton Bushop to the Justices of the Peace assembled at 
Wells complaining that one Margarett Jones, late of Cheddar, 
spinster, had been sent from Wells to them although she had 
never dwelt within their parish, nor never was known to be 
there above two nights together and that above two years past 
etc. Referred to M r . May and M r . Rattle. 

51. Certificate by Tho. Bracke and Will Reeve, Church- 
wardens of Chedder, that William Martin the Younger had put 
in security to discharge the parishioners of Chedder of the child 
of Vrsula Virgin. 

52. Petition of William Marten the younger of Chedder to 
the Justices assembled at Wells stating that about Christmas 
last 4< was twelve moneth " he took to wife one Elizabeth 
Davedge widow who at the time of her intermarriage with your 
petitioner had one little child of the age of three years. And 
about Whit-Sunday last the said Elizabeth died leaving the 



94 &onuwfet (Quarter 



said child vnto your petitioner, who is so poor that he is not by 
any means able to relieve the said child etc., humbly desireth 
that some order may be taken that the said child may be 
relieved by the said parish of Chedder or elsewhere, or else that 
the uncles of the child " being verie ritch men " may be ordered 
to keep the same child otherwise the child is like to perish for 
want etc. 

53. Petition to the Justices at these present Sessions of 
James Hurde a poor labourer stating that for these two years 
last past he had dwelt in the parish of Westcrenmore " in a 
house w ch he hired for his monie," and had taken great pains to 
maintain himself his wife and two children wherewith he never 
yet charged the said parish nor hopeth ever to do. And yet the 
parishioners and churchwardens there, Do "indeauo 1 "" and 
threaten to turn your petitioner out of their parish unless he will 
put in sufficient sureties not to charge the said parish which he 
cannot by reason he is but a poor Labourer etc. Humbly 
requests that he may quietly inhabit in the said parish so long 
as he does not charge the same otherwise he and his family are 
like to perish. 

54. Certificate by " we whose names are vnder written of the 
prishe of Westone Super mare " that the child the which John 
Lock the bearer hereof was bound over for etc., is dead and was 
buried in the said parish of Weston sup mare the 5th day of 
October last past etc. Dated nth day of January 1612. 

William Crowse Curat. 
George MMall. 



John Leveredge. 

55. Petition of John Yeorke and divers other of the 
inhabitants of the Tything of ffelton to Sir Morrice Barkeley 
Knt. and the rest of the Justices at the Sessions at Wells 
complaining that Richard King Willm Horte and Richard 
Griffen had refused to take upon them the office of Tythingman 



(Quarter g>e$3t'on$ tfterorte. 95 



to the intollerable trouble and charge of the rest of the 
inhabitants etc., requests that the Justices near adjoining to have 
the hearing of the matter. 

Referred to S r Hugh Smith and Sir Edward Gorgs Knights, 
John Maye and Joseph Rattle Esquiers etc. 

56. Petition of John Cox late of Saltfoord, ffuller who since 
he was three years old been dwelling there being about xxxviij 
years etc., "John Goodding at our Lawe daie at Kainsham Did 
amerce my Land Lord in xl s for the voiding of which my Land 
Lord Thomas Shute did : after he had put me out of his 
Mills " etc., then being destitute and voyd of a howse could not 
gett any one for my mony by meanes wherof I was constrained 
to forsake the pish which hath byne my vtter vndoing " etc., 
in most humble manner do intreate your worships to be good 
unto me a poor man etc. To Sir Thomas Bridgs Kt. 
M r ffraunces Barber and all the rest etc. Anno Dni 1612 John 
Cox, Robert Tebbetts, Thomas Shute, Robert Tebett, John 
Welche, Thomas Goodhine, John Psonns. Referred to Sir 
Thomas Bridgs and Sir Edward Gorgs Knights etc. 

57. Letter from William Skoriar or Skoryier, Governor of the 
house of Correction at Taunton, to " Ser Edward Hext, Ser 
Nycolas Halswell, Knyghts, Thomas Ware, Crystover preston, 
John Symes, Robert Coffe, esquyers, geve thes." 

" Ryght worshipfuls my Dutye in moste Hymble wysse Done 
may it pleasse youe that at the ffunerall of my Honorable and 
espesyall good ffrende Ser John portemane, youer wills weare 
that I showld putt youe in mynde of then my p r sente estate as 
was then by my Surgane geven to youe to vnderstand by meanes 
of agrevos Hurte w ch I Reseved, that I coulde not atende youer 
worshipps at this sessyons to doe my Dutye as I showlde have 
Done, maye it please youer to servaye the acownt w ch Heare 
with all youe shall Reseave of x u w ch was delyvered vnto M r 
Thomas ffysher of Tanto, and master Thomas Whit one of the 
Constables of the Hundred of Tanton, thaye beinge apoynted 
for the Reedyfyinge of the house of Corectyone in Tato to be 
over seers apoynted by Ser John portmane, Knight and baronet 
and John Syms, esquyer, the sayed Howse beinge so fare Rone 



96 ^ottwtfct (Quarter &t4*itm& 



in to Reparatyone by means of the late Governer before my 
selfe, that hade not Ser John portmane and M r Symes spedylye 
taken order for the Reparynge of the sayed Howse all the 
Cheffeste Rooms Had fallen to the grownde thearfore yf it shall 
please youer worships for the endinge of the worke begone, to 
geve youer order for the delyverye of X H more to the sayed 
overseers, M r ffysher and M r white, frome the treasurer of the 
Hospitas w ch is Ser Henrye Haully, it wilbe verye benyfysall 
for the contrye, and I shalbe the better able to doe my dutye, 
for nowe I have toe onlye Roomes that I cane detayne anye 
pryssoners that youer worships shall send me, and thesse toe 
Roomes are as yeat verye symple, but hopinge of youer worships 
futherance and favor in this my petyssyon, I hope it shalbe to 
all youer good lykings and to the subpressyone of vagrante and 
ydle Rogs, this not Dowtinge of all youer worships favor, I 
leave youe all to the protectyone of the moste Higheste I will 
praye Daylye for all youer Healths to his good pleassure. 
Taunton this xijth day of Januarye, 1612, youer servante to 
be comanded to all dutye. 

Willyam Skoryer." 

58. The account of the money paid for the repairs done at 
the House of Correction at Taunton in the year 1612, referred in 
the preceding letter. 

59. Right wo r s let it please yo u to be auertised that there is 
inhabitinge amongste vs in the pish of Henton, one Elizabeth 
Busher, wiffe of one Robert Busher of lewde life and conuer- 
sacon, As namely the mother of diuers basse children, the 
suspected maintainer of incontinencie in her owne house, the 
continuall Disturber of her neighbo r s quietnes and threatninge 
of mischieffe against them, And lastlie both reputed and feared 
to be a dangerous witch thorow the vntimely Death of men, 
woemen and children w ch she hath hated, threatned and handled 
as by divers Articles p r ferrcd against her, to this wo r s bench may 
be pceaved, And when as att the last Secions at Taunton thorow 
the late comminge to the Secions of M r . John ffarewell, Justice 
of the peace, who then bound her ouer And had the Articles 



Quarter fon$ Becortte. 97 



of her misdemeanure in his possession, She was thorow frind- 
ship called vpon and Dismiste without exarninacon or hearinge, 
w th condicon that she should humble her selfe to one William 
Bennett, an honest liver whom she had much abused, And live 
little more sober and better governed w ch command she hath so 
much transgressed, that insteede of repentance she hath agravated 
more mischieffe against him and other her neighbo rs . And hath 
of late contemned the Justice warrant And railed at the officers 
w ch come to execute it vpon her, And so doth Hue about woods 
and obscure places w l hout obedience to the lawes of god and 
this land, And to the terrour of her neighbo rs , Theirefore we 
humbly beseeche that some expresse course may be taken by 
the consente of the whole benche for her apprehendinge and 
punishmente, And so we reffer the Dew consideracon to yo r 
wor s graue vnderstandinges. 

Y rs wo r s at command, 

Willm. Horton, esq r , William Write, Constable, 

Tobias Horton, esq r , John fflower, Tythingman, 

John Horton, gent, Roger Davys, 

Nichus Hobbs, gent, Edw : Poyner, 

Richard Jeffery, 

Witta Jeffery, 

Richard Symes. 

Warrant for good behaviour against Elizabeth Busher. 

60. Application by John Vile to Sir Edward Hexte, Kt. 
and the rest of his Majestie's Justices, that Edmond Vile, son 
of William Vile of Stratton, who was about two years since 
apprenticed to John Hobman of Barrington Taylor for seven 
years, might be released from his apprenticeship, his master 
having run away. 

Consent given " in regard that his M r is runneth is pved 
by oath," etc. 

61. Petition by the churchwardens, overseers and others of 
the parish of Weare, to the Justices at their Sessions, that 
"our poor neighbours John Paens," having a wife and five 
small children, etc., who with his father-in-law John ffowler 

O 



98 



of the parish of Badgwoorth had given a bond to Richard 
ffuller, of the borough of Axbridge, gent, for 14. and by the 
extraordinary death of the said John ffbwler had to pay the 
same, while the wife of the said John ffowler had charge but her 
self and having a living of the " valuer " of xxx li Acres by 
estimation yearly worth xvj/z. or thereabouts per annum : They 
therefore pray your worships that she may allow yearly towards 
the maintenance of this his great charge, such allowance as your 
worships shall think fit, etc. 

Signed by the churchwardens and other inhabitants. 



<&uarUr ^e&elumd ilUojrfcs. 99 



REGISTER NO. I. 

A folio volume of 430 leaves. The contents extend from 
the Taunton Sessions (July) 1613 to Bridgwater (Michaelmas) 
1620, inclusive. The first and last leaves are very defective, and 
part of the beginning is lost altogether, how much cannot now 
be told. 



TAUNTON (JULY), 1613. 

All that remains of the work of the Taunton Sessions are 
some orders set down below, which have been supplemented by 
some other orders contained in a rough minute book. 

1. Bastardy order on John Marler and William Warren of 
Ruishton, made by John Symes and Robert Cuffe, I5th June, 
1613. 

2. Bastardy order on John King of Baltonsbury, made by 
Sir Edw. Hext and Thomas Symcockes, 24th March, 1612-3. 

3. Bastardy order on Richard Alvyn of Pytminster, made by 
Sir Tho. Phelippes and Sir Edw. Hext, 6th July, 1613. 

4. Result of a reference made from the last Taunton Sessions 
concerning the parentage of a woman child laid down at the 
Spittle house near Taunton. Christian Courte sometime called 
Andrewes is the mother, and Alexander Andrewes of West 
Hatch is the father, on whom a bastardy order is made by John 
Symes and Thomas Warr. 

5. Emme Carter the wife of Richard Carter of Frome being 
now lunatic whereby her neighbours stand greatly in doubt lest 



ioo J^omtrsrt (Quarter 



she should put in practice some mischievous attempt to set on 
fire where she dwelleth : Ordered that she shall be sent to the 
House of Correction at Ivelchester where she ought to be kept 
in such manner as the law requireth for all such dangerous and 
disordered persons. 

6. The examination of the settlement of Rafe Sennett on 
the petition of Arthur Jeffery one of the collectors of the poor 
in Bleadon is referred to John Maye, Nathaniell Still and John 
Rattle, esquiers, or any two of them, to order and determine 
therein. 



Additional Orders made at the Taunton Quarter Sessions, 
1613. Taken from rough Minute Book No. I. 

7. (i) Richard Hollway to be discharged of his office of 
tithingmanship [of Claford] and another to be chosen by the 
next Justices. [5.7?., xvi, 6.] 



8. (2) The Justices of peace within their several limits shall 
call before them all the tipplers and appoint them to sell 
according to the standard of Winchester. 

9. (3) Mr. Edward Popham to be Treasurer of the Hospitals 
of the easter division, and Mr. Brereton for the west division. 

10. (4) The Constables to see the statute for Rogues and 
Vagabonds put in due execution, and that the said Constables 
give notice to all the inhabitants within their several limits that 
they apprehend all such suspected persons coming to their doors 
begging and carry them to the next officer, and the constables 
to answer upon their oaths whether they execute their office duly 
at the [ ]. 

11. (5) It being questioned this Sessions whether a covenant 
servant for one year departing out of his service at the end of 
the same year and going to service to another Master in another 
parish, and after while he is in his second service he happen to 
be maimed, by what parish he ought to be maintained, either 



>omn*let (Quarter }t&&fon& i&tcatftg. TOI 

where he served the year before, or where he was maimed. To 
be argued at the next Sessions. 

12. (6) Richard Mogridge of Carhampton shall pay to the 
overseers of Dunster six pence for every week sithence the birth 
of the base child of Mary Edbrooke until this Sessions ; and if 
he refuse to perform this order, to be bound to the good 
behaviour by the next Justice. 

13. (7) An order set down by [ ] and Sir 
N. Halswellfor ten pounds to be paid to provide for repairing 
the House of Correction at Taunton by a reference from the last 
Sessions. [S.R., xvi, 57 : Letter from Will. Skoriar governor 
of the House, 12 Jan. 1612-3 ; No. 58, account of money paid 
for repairs in 1612.] 

14. (8) Marmaduke Vye shall have 3/3". 6sh. 8</ for keeping 
John Parker a child born in the gaol of Ivelchester, whose 
mother was hanged for cutting of purses, the money to be paid 
at this Taunton Sessions for one year past ; and is to have 
hereafter 4/2'. a year to be paid quarterly by the Treasurer of the 
maimed soldiers until further order be taken. 

T. Philips. Edw. Hext. 

Nich. Halswell. Edward Rogers. 

Tho. Warre. 



ORDERS MADE AT BRIDGWATER SESSIONS, [SEPTEMBER] 
ii JAMES [1613]. 

[ The list of Justices present is defective^ 

1. Ordered as Henry Waters was last settled by the space of 
two years at Aller, that he shall be there placed and provided for. 
[S.R., xvi, 12.] 

2. Ordered that William Searell shall make his abode at 
Aller. 



102 



3. Ordered that Sir Edward Hext, knt. shall take surety of 
Cuthbert Searle of Langport never to tipple again, and that his 
alehouse be suppressed. 

4. Ordered that if the inhabitants of all such parishes as 
are ordered to contribute to the repair of Stanmores Bridge do 
bring a certificate that they have paid their money at which they 
were taxed by the Commissioners of Sewers, that then the 
presentments remaining on record shall be discharged and also 
all the amercements issued. 

5. Whereas Edith Bowen widow of Wrington standeth 
indicted not only of barretry and battery, but is also complained 
of for divers other misdemeanours : Ordered that if she offend 
again, Mr. Maye and Mr. Rattle provide for her to be whipped 
at a cart tail, or otherwise punished, as they shall think fit. 
[S.R., xvi, ii.] 

6. Ordered that Thomas Burd, being a prisoner in the gaol 
for want of sureties of the good behaviour, be not delivered 
until he find sureties of subsidy men of three pounds in 
land or five pounds in goods to appear at the next Sessions, and 
to wear irons until he be so bailed, for that he did misdemean 
himself in the face of the Court. [S.R., xvi, I, 3, 72.] 

7. Ordered that a warrant of the good behaviour be made 
against Arthur Towills because that when all matters of contro- 
versy between him and William Avery had been referred to Sir 
John Mallett and Sir Nicholas Halswell, knts. and Edward 
Rogers, esq. and the said Avery punished, he procured an 
attachment out of the Crown office of the good behaviour 
against the said Avery for the same matters. 

8. Ordered that the settling of John Doben be referred to 
Sir John Mallett, knt., and Edw. Rogers, esq. 

9. Whereas the worshipfulls of the whole Bench understand 
that Robert son of William Coles never dwelt in the parish of 
Stokeland [Bristol], but was born at Kilton, and as one of the 
poor was apprenticed with John Crosse of that place ; yet now 



(Quarter g>egstons 3&ecoit(. 103 



of late has been by Sir John Wyndham, knt, and John Trexilian 
esq., sent to Stokeland : Ordered that the said Robert Coles be 
forthwith conveyed to Kilton there to be set on work, and thereof 
fail you not at your peril. Given under my hand at the said 
Sessions. [No signature.] 

10. On the information of the most part of the sufficientest 
inhabitants of the borough of Mynehead, that on the 2ist of 
May last the house of Margeret Lewes, widow, was burnt down 
with goods to the value of fifty pounds, to her great discomfort 
and utter undoing : ordered that she shall be paid five pounds 
by the Treasurer of the hospitals of the west division. [5,^., 
xvi, 13.] 

11. Ordered that the highway leading from Holway lane 
to Robert Sherford's house be repaired at the charge of the 
parishioners of Taunton Magdalen and St. James equally until 
Taunton Sessions next, and then to be judicially heard and 
ordered accordingly. 

12. Ordered that the cause of bastardy between John 
Shepherd of Lockeinge and Elizabeth Chedsey be referred to 
John Maye and Nathanael Still, esquires. 

13. On a certificate of divers of the inhabitants of Mynehead 
that on the 2ist of May last the house of George Myles was 
burnt down to his utter undoing : Ordered that he shall have 
ten pounds, five to be paid at the Wells sessions and five at the 
Ivelchester sessions. 

Jo. Mallett, Ed. Hext, Nich. Halswell, Joh. Bridges, Ed. 
Rogers, Tho. Warre, Jo. Trevilyan. [S'.A*., xvi, 9.] 

14. On the sufficient testimony of divers inhabitants of 
Holford that John Harsell tippler doth keep in his house many 
misdemeanors and ill orders, to the great disturbance and grief 
of his neighbours : Ordered that the said John Harsell be 
suppressed from selling of ale, and that the Constable or con- 
stables of Whitby Hundred shall take away his licence. 

xvi, 9a.] 



104 ^omerSft (Quarter 



1 5. Ordered that if any two persons settled in any parish by 
the space of one year or upwards, being not impotent, shall 
intermarry, that the churchwardens or overseers of the poor shall 
not be anyway bound to provide them a house until they shall 
become impotent and not able to relieve themselves. But if 
they being married and able to provide them a house that the 
churchwardens nor any other shall lay any tax upon any that 
shall so let them a house, or sell them a plot to build upon. 
[S.R., xvi, 10.] 

16. Upon motion of Mr. Luttrell against Hugh Dyer als 
Lawrance for abusing and " mayming " of his apprentice William 
Stodden, and for selling corrupt meat : Referred to Sir John 
Mallett and Sir Nicholas Halswell knts. for the discharging of 
the said apprentice, and a precept be awarded for Hill. 

17. Order made at Yard by Sir John Wyndham knt. and 
John Trevelian esq.-on the 29th day of July, 1613. 

John Nation of Catworsh, the father, shall pay six pence 
weekly to the churchwardens of Huish Champflower for the 
support of the child. 

Johan Cordinge of Huish, the mother, shall keep and main- 
tain the child, or otherwise be committed to the House of 
Correction at Taunton for a year. [S.R., xvi, 7.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS on the nth, 1 2th, and 
1 3th days January, ii James [1613-4], before Sir Thomas 
Bridges, Sir Thomas Phelippes, Sir Edward Hext, Knts., 
Dr. Francis James, D.D., one of the Masters of the Court of 
Chancery, Thomas Warre, Robert Hopton, Richard Warre, 
Thomas Hughes, John Farwell, Christopher Preston, 
Francis Baber, James Bisse, William Swanton, John Symes, 
Thomas Southworth, and Joseph Rattle, esquires. 

i. Ordered that Reginald Lowde shall have a yearly pension 
of five marks from the Treasurer of the maymed soldiers, to be 
paid quarterly. 



&omrr0tt (Quarter d regions' Btforfc^. 105 

2. Ordered that twenty pounds shall be paid yearly equally 
by the Treasurers of both divisions towards the maintenance of 
the House of Correction at Ivelchester. 

3. The assuring of the amercements of the County Court 
Books is referred to ( ) Warre, John Symes, and Robert 
Cuffe, esquires, or any two of them. 

4. Ordered that if any licence be granted to Edward Smith 
for to carry or buy butter, that it shall be suppressed. 

5. Ordered that Mr. Richard Rovvswell shall enter his 
traverse at this Sessions to prosecute the same with effect at the 
next, and to attend Mr. Baron Snigge in the meantime. 

6. Ordered that Margery Stocke of Breane shall be dis- 
charged of the presentment made against her by the Constables 
of Bempstone Hundred at the Assizes at Chard the 24th July, 
1612, for that she did brew but two barrels of beer for such 
workmen as did work at the sea walls for Mr. Thomas Band. 

7. On complaint by Agnes Powe that although she was born 
and hath ever lived at Worle, yet the parishioners will not suffer 
her there to abide : Ordered that she shall be settled and 
provided for, and set to work according to the Statute. 

8. On the petition of Thomas Wheddon that he hath lost the 
use of his right arm and his left hand in the service of the King 
of Denmark : Ordered that the Treasurer for the maimed 
soldiers shall pay him ten shillings towards his relief and main- 
tenance to bring him to London. 

9. Ordered that all Alehouses upon Mendip shall be 
suppressed. 

10. Whereas Thomas Witchwell of Donkerton hath been 
presenter! at the Assizes for building a cottage contrary to the 
Statute : Ordered that he shall attend Mr. Hopton and 
Mr. Bisse for his placing between Camerton and Donkerton. 

P 



106 om*r0*t Quarter jtrttion* 



11. Whereas the two parishes of Old Cleeve and St. Decu- 
man's were before this time presented for the decay of Kensford 
Bridge within the Hundred of Williton and Freemaners, and 
that it hath been shown at this Sessions that the bridge ought to 
be repaired only by Mr. Edmund Windham esq. by reason of 
his tenure of some land adjoining. And further it doth appear 
that the said bridge was repaired by the said Mr. Windham 
before Michaelmas last according to an order made at the 
Assizes by the Lord Chief Baron at Chard the I4th of July last 
past : It is now ordered that the said presentment shall be 
discharged, and all issues thereupon arisen shall not be 
extracted. 

12. On a complaint by the churchwardens of Winford that 
Agnes Burdges [or Burges], widow, who hath relief of the said 
parish out of the poor man's box, hath received in her house 
John Gabriell and her daughter Joane Burges, said to be man 
and wife, but rather 'accounted vagrant persons, and the said 
Joan hath had one bastard very chargeable to the parish, and 
there is another said to be the child of the said Gabriell : Referred 
to Sir Hugh Smyth and Sir Edward Gorges knts., John Maye 
and Joseph Rattle esquires, or any two of them, to determine 
an order hereof. [S.R., xix, 5.] 

13. On complaint that John Bendell of Westbury, being the 
reputed father of the child of Joane Boultinge, doth refuse to 
pay any allowance towards the relief of the child, whereby John 
Boultinge, the father of Joane, standeth charged with the 
keeping thereof : Referred to Francis James, doctor of the lawes, 
and Thomas Southworth esquires to order and determine 
therein. 

14. Whereas a controversy touching the execution of the 
office of tithingman in Felton was referred to Sir Hugh Smyth 
and Sir Edward Gorges knts., John Maye and Joseph Rattle 
esquires, or any two of them, to determine, and whereas Sir Hugh 
Smyth was not acquainted with the examination of the said 
cause on which an order was made : Ordered that the examina- 
tion shall be referred to the said Sir Hugh Smyth and Sir 



Quarter &**0um* 3Ucorte. 107 



Edward Gorges knts., and John Maye esq. or any two of them, 
whereof Sir Hugh Smyth to be one, to make an order before 
Easter next. And that Wallis the new tithyngman shall 
continue until further order be taken. [S.R., xvi, 29, 30, 55.] 

15. The law ordaining that stock of money should be levied 
in this County as well for the relief of hospitals and spital 
houses as for the relief of such as take great losse by fire or 
otherwise, and for such other charitable uses as to our discre- 
tion shall seem meetest, whereupon some of us, the Justices of 
the said County, finding that there was good store of money 
remaining in the hands of the Treasurer for the hospitals, 
thought good to dispose thereof otherwise than by express 
words of the Statute was ordained ; and now being occasioned by 
reason of the great misery and want of relief of the prisoners 
within our gaol, and in both our houses of correction, and for 
that the poor towns of Ileminster and Dunster have of late 
taken very great loss by fire, we are enforced to look more 
strictly to the distribution of those monies according to the 
intent and meaning of the law than in former time we have 
done : [We] have therefore at this our assembly at our Sessions 
at Wells, ordered that the Treasurers] of our Hospitals shall 
not from henceforth pay any monies out of their stock accord- 
ing to former order, until such time as such monies as have been 
ordered to be paid to the relief of our hospital and spital houses, 
and such monies as are ordered to be paid for the relief of the 
prisoners in the gaol and the houses of correction, and also such 
other monies as shall be at this Sessions are hereafter ordered 
to be given to the relief of Ilminster, Dunster, or such like charit- 
able uses, which was the true intent and meaning of the makers 
of that law, be satisfied. This we do order to be performed 
notwithstanding any order heretofore made to the contrary 
until such time as upon a farther conference upon due con- 
sideration had we shall alter the same. [S.R., xix, 8.] 

1 6. Whereas heretofore the Treasurers for the maimed 
soldiers made information that their stock was not able for 
all the duties allowed by the Justices, it was then ordered 
that the Treasurers of the hospitals for the eastern division 



io8 &onurget (Quartet 



should pay twenty pounds to the said stock : and for that at 
this time there are greater sums to pay out of the stock of the 
hospitals of the western division than the stock will yield : it is 
ordered that the treasurer of the maimed soldiers shall now pay 
to John LufTe, constable of the town of Ilminster, twenty 
pounds towards their losses by fire in " lewe " of the said 
twenty pounds allowed to them out of the stock of the hospitals 
of the west division. 

And it is farther ordered that the Treasurer of the hospitals of 
the wester division shall pay to the said John LufTe ten pounds 
more as soon as it shall come into their hands. [S.A',, xix, 11.] 

17. Whereas at the last Bridgwater Sessions, the case of 
the base born child of Edith Godwin, late of Chard, was referred 
to Sir George Speke and Sir Thomas Phelippes, Knts., they 
now certify that after great charges incurred by the town of 
Chard, the mother having deserted her child and fled away, 
it doth plainly appear that Robert Barkeley, " sheere grinder," 
of Chard is the reputed father, and that they have ordered him 
to pay ten pounds in part of the charge that the said town hath 
been at for their travelling, nourishing, and bringing up of the said 
child, and then to be discharged of the said child for ever. 
Dated 10 Nov. 1613. [S.R., xix, 9.] 

1 8. Order made by Sir Thomas Phelippes and Sir Edward 
Hext, knts., the 23th of June, 1613. 

Henry Dawe of Langport, cutler, the reputed father, shall 
pay six pence weekly for the support of the child, and enter 
into bond with two sufficient securities for the performance of 
the order. 

Elizabeth Stuckey of Mochelney, the mother of the child 
Dorothy, shall be on Saturday next, about twelve of the clock, 
whipped at Langport up and down the market until her back 
be bloody. [S.R., xix, 10.] 

19. On complaint of the overseers of Wedmore that Isabel 
Day hath had five base children, and for some of them hath never 
reputed any father, and doth live very idly, and is very trouble- 
some to her neighbours on any small occasion ; and that 



&oitm'5tt Quarter ^ess^toits' iftcrortte. 109 

Margaret Bath hath two base children and hath reputed no 
father for the last born : Ordered that the two women be forthwith 
committed to the Bridewell at Ivelchester to remain there until 
farther order ; and that the said seven children shall be provided 
for by the parishioners of Wedmore. [vS*../?., xix, 4.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT IVELCHESTER on the 3rd, 4th 
and 5th days of May, 12 James [1614], before Sir Edward 
Hext, knt., Thomas Warr, Robert Hopton, Alexander 
Ewens, John Symes, James Bysse, William Swanton, 
Christopher Preston, and Joseph Rattle, esquires. 

1. Ordered that the inhabitants of Minehead shall maintain 
the wife and seven children of Raph Tucker, a very poor man, 
who has lain in the gaol at Ivelchester this six weeks, whereby 
his family are like to perish of famine. [S.ft., xvi, 21 a, 22, xix, 

13.] 

2. On a petition from the inhabitants of Charlton Mackarell 
that the highways within the manor of Tucks Gary and Lights 
Gary are in great decay and very founderous : Ordered that 
those who have ground within the said manor, not ploughlands, 
nor those inhabiting, shall pay yearly two pence for every acre 
to the overseers of the highways ; which if they refuse, they 
shall be bound over to the next Sessions to answer their con- 
tempt. [S.R., xix, 12, 17, 26.] 

3. Ordered that Edward Hillinge of Barrowe in the parish 
of Charlton Musgrove shall build a house there, having already 
obtained licence from Francis Dyer, esq., lord of the manor of 
Barrowe. 

Robert Hopton, Jo. Symes, Jo. Rattle, James Bisse, Will. 
Swanton, Christ. Preston. [S.R., xix, 21, 32.] 

4. On a petition from Phillip Perry, of Evercreech, carpenter, 
subscribed under the hands of the most sufficient men of the said 
parish : Ordered that the house he hath already built on a piece 



no domrnlct 



of the waste of the said manor by permission of the officers of 
Lord Graye, lord of the manor, shall continue and remain. 
[S.R., xix, 34.] 

5. On the information of the constables of Bawdripp that 
the causeway between the east gate of Bridgwater and Crane 
bridge is now fallen in great decay to the great hurt and annoyance 
of the country, and like to be in a more great decay unless it be 
forthwith amended : Ordered that all the inhabitants of 
Bawdripp, Chedzey, Puriton, Wolavington, Cosington, Murlinch, 
Chealton [Chilton Polden], Edington, Cattcott, Stowell, Shap- 
wick, Ashcott, and Soutten [Mallett], who keep ploughs shall 
bring before Whitsontide next, two wain loads of good stones 
and lay them where the weywardens of the said way shall 
appoint. And those who are joined with a partner for the 
keeping of a whole plough shall likwise join together and bring 
two loads. Further the parish of Bridgwater shall break the 
stones and lay them in such manner and sort as in former 
times hath been done. 

Penalty for failure to obey, three shillings and four pence. 
Lastly, if any plough shall hereafter go loaden upon the said 
causeway shall pay six shillings and eight pence, of which half 
shall be given to the maintenance of the road, and half to the 
poor of Bridgwater. [S.R., xix, 40.] 

6. On the petition of the inhabitants of Hornebloten : 
Ordered that Hercules Speere with his wife and children be sent 
back to West Bradley, then to be settled and provided for. 

7. The examination of the controversy touching Mary, 
daughter of Giles Yewens of Burnham, lately bound apprentice 
to Anthony Player, who hath now sent her back with the forty 
shillings received with her, is referred to Mr. May and Mr. 
Rattle. [S.R., xix, 36.] 

8. Whereas Isabell Day of Wedmore lately committed to 
the Bridewell at Ivelchester [Wells Sess. 1613-4, No. 19] till she 
should reform, and yet doth still continue in her former course 
of ill life : and it is now ordered that she do stay there for one 



(Quarter de00ion0 &ecortf3. m 



whole year, and before her discharge be bound with sufficient 
sureties to the good behaviour. And whereas two of her children 
have money at use and yet are chargeable to the said parish 
of Wedmore, the examination thereof is referred to John May 
and Joseph Rattle, esquires. [S.R., xix, 33.] 

9. Whereas John Evans of Claverton hath been presented 
by the jury at the leet or law day held for the liberty of 
Hampton and Claverton, as at sundry times before, to be 
one of the constables for the said liberty, which he refuseth to 
perform : Ordered that he should make his personal appearance 
before Mr. Robert Hopton and Mr. James Bisse and take the 
oath for the performance of the said office ; or on his refusal 
to be bound over to the next Sessions that there may be such 
course taken with him as unto the Justices shall appertain. 
[S.R., xix, 31.] 

10. On the petition of Phillip Every, a very poor man, we 
have granted him to build a house on the waste of Evercreech, 
he having obtained licence from the Right Honourable the 
Lord Gray, lord of the manor. 

Robert Hopton, Alex. Ewens, Jo. Symes, Will. Swanton, 
Ja. Bysse, Christ. Preston. 

11. Ordered that the old orders shall stand in force con- 
cerning the tythingman of Felton [Wells Sess. 1613-4, No. 14] 
until the Judges be made acquainted with it and given their 
censure therein. [S.y?., xix, 35.] 



12. Ordered that the controversy between the parishioners of 
Compton Dando and William Clapton concerning the Cunniger 
[rabbit warren] be referred to Sir Tho. Bridges, Mr. May, and 
Mr. Rattle. [S.R., xix, 37.] 

13. Ordered that Lyonell Still shall continue his cottage 
built upon the waste of Chisselborrowe, his petition showing 
that he hath obtained leave of the lady of the manor. 
ISM., xix, 38.] 



T 12 domenlet (Buarttr 



14. Ordered that Clement Fryday shall build him a cottage 
on the waste of Milborn Port, a certificate showing that he hath 
obtained licence of the Honourable the Earl of Hertford. 
[S.R., xix, 39-] 

15. As it appeareth to the Court that Hugh Dyer of 
Stogursey butcher hath lately beaten misused and evil intreated 
his apprentice William Stodden in such violent manner that he 
is in danger forever to be maimed in one of his arms, and is 
likely to sustain more mischief if he remain ; the said apprentice 
is hereby discharged. [Bridgevvater Sess. 1613, No. 16, S.R., xix, 

43.] 

1 6. Order made by Sir Thomas Phelyppes knt., and 
Alexander Ewens esq., the 24th Oct., 11 James [1613]. 

Henry Moon of West Coker, the supposed father shall pay 
ninepence weekly to the overseers for the support of the child, 
and shall give security to observe this order. 

Elizabeth Lewes of West Coker, the mother shall bring up 
her man child until it shall be taken from her by the said father 
and placed elsewhere. [5\^., xix, 41.] 



17. Order made by Thomas Hughes and Thomas Southworth 
esquires, the I2th April, 12 James [1614]. 

Robert Cullinge of West Pennard tailor, the reputed father, 
having already paid to John Fry the elder, William Jeines, John 
Greimsteed, William Walter, Thomas Hoiskins and Andrew 
Hurd, churchwardens and overseers of the said parish three 
pounds and ten shillings to provide a stock for the child and to 
discharge the parish, and do ratify and confirm the same. 

Johan Brodripp, the mother is to keep the child without 
receiving any allowance from the parish except in extreme 
necessity, or in default to pay sixpence weekly ; and shall put 
in bond with sufficient security for the performance of this 
order. 

The said Johan shall for her part be conveyed to Wells and 
on the next market day be openly whipped at the cost and 
charges of the parishioners of West Pennard. And as there is 
no certain ground or vehement presumption to inflict the like 



Quarter &t$$io\\3 2ftefor&$. 113 



upon the reputed father, he is left to the judgement of the 
Ordinary. [S.R., xix, 42.] 

1 8. Order made by Alexander Ewens, John Farwell, and 
William Swanton esquires, the 23rd April, 12 James [1614]. 

Henry Creech of Mudford, the reputed father shall pay twelve 
pence weekly to the churchwardens and collectors of the poor 
every Saboth day after evening prayer. 

Dorothy Wootten the known mother of Henry the base 
child shall keep the child. 

Both parents shall enter into bonds of twenty pounds to 
perform this order. 

The said Dorothy Wootten shall be openly whipped at Evell 
[Yeovil] on the market day after the next Ivelchester Sessions. 

Note. At this Sessions this order was altered ; and it is now 
ordered that John Collens shall pay half the weekly sum ordered 
to be paid by Creech. [S.ft., xix, 28, 44.] 

19. Order made by Dr. Francis James and Thomas 
Southworth esq., the I5th January, i6i3~[4]. ^ 

John Beadle of Westbury husbandman, being " as yet for 
ought appeareth unto us " the reputed father shall pay weekly 
eight pence, for the raising of a stock for the apprenticing of the 
child. 

Johann Boulton, the mother, shall nurse and bring up the 
child, and both parents are to give sufficient sureties for the 
performance of this order. \S.R., xix, 45, 56.] 

Copy of certificate that John Beadle [or Bendle] has given 
security. 

Thos. Hardwicke, Richard Churchowse, churchwardens. 
Jo. Hardwicke ju., William Clement, Jeffery Govie, 
overseers. 

20. Whereas William Hurd hath been several times sent by 
warrant from Sir Edward Hext to the overseers of East 
Chinnock where he was born to be there placed, and yet they 
have refused to receive him and sent him back to his grand- 
mother at Long Sutton who is not of ability to keep him : 

Q 



Ordered that if the overseers still refuse to receive him, Sir 
Edward Hext shall bind them over to the next Sessions to 
answer their complaint. [S.R., xix, 27.] 

21. Whereas William Crafte and his wife have been 
heretofore taken as tenants of a house by William Clarke of 
Eastfield in the parish of Chisselborowe within the tithyng of 
Chinnock, in which house their two children were born ; whom 
they have left, and are gone away. And whereas the overseers 
with the consent of Sir George Speke and Christopher Preston 
have ordered that the said Clarke should take the eldest child 
as an apprentice, and he refusing, was bound over to this 
Sessions. Now on his consenting to perform the order, he is 
released. [S.R., xix, 47.] 

22. Licence to Thomas Phippen of Bawdripp, a very poor 
man, to inhabit a cottage newly erected by himself with the 
leave of the lord of the manor, without four acres of land being 
thereto laid. 

23. The petition preferred by Thomas Pearce is to be 
examined by Sir Thomas Bridges knt., James Bysse and Joseph 
Rattle, who are to license him as in former time or else to dis- 
miss him, and in the meantime to continue as before. 

Edw. Hext, Rich. Warre, Jo. Symes, Henry Walrond, Alex. 
Ewens, Rob. Hopton, Christopher Preston, Tho. Warre, 
Will. Swanton, Jos. Rattle. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT TAUNTON the i9th, 20th and 
2 1st days of July, 12 James [1614], before Sir Nicholas 
Halswell, Sir Edward Hext, Sir Thomas Phellipps, knts., 
Thomas Warr, Edward Rogers, Humfry Windham, John 
Frauncis, Robert Hopton, John Symes, John Farewell, 
James Bysse, Christopher Preston, Robert Cuffe, and Joseph 
Rattle, esquires. 

i. Ordered that Sir George Speke, Sir Thomas Phelipps 
shall account, and Sir George Farwell for his father, for the 



(Quarter &twiim* 2&ortte. 115 



time that they were treasurers of the hospitals before Sir Nicholas 
Halswell and Mr. Rogers, before the next Sessions, upon pain 
of fines for non-performance. 

2. Whereas Isabell Day hath nominated fathers for her three 
base children [Wells Sess. 1613-4, No. 19], and Christopher 
Latcham one of the suspected fathers, hath taken divers goods 
of the said Isabell and will not allow anything for the support of 
the children : Ordered that examination of the whole be referred 
to Dr. James and two of the next Justices adjoining. [6j?., 
xix, 68-71.] 

3. Whereas on the appeal of John Carse from an order of 
Sir John Windham, Roger Standly was suspected to be the 
father of the child of Alice Burd, and he hath departed away not 
answering the matter : The determining thereof is deferred to 
the next Sessions. [5.7?., xix, 67.] 

4. Ordered that Christopher Smalland shall have out of the 
hospital money of the west division forty shillings, as soon as 
the treasurer shall have so much in his hands. [5.J?., xix, 70.] 

5. On an appeal from the inhabitants of Kingsbury the weekly 
contribution of Thomas Pittard for the support of the two 
children of Elizabeth Harcombe is raised from eight to twelve 
pence. [S.R., xix, 51, 63, 83.] 

6. Christopher Nacion, having brought a certificate that he 
hath the consent of the whole parish of Corfe, shall erect a 
cottage on the waste there so that he obtained the consent of 
the lord of the soil. [S.R., xix, 64, 65.] 

7. On an appeal at this Sessions the cause between William 
Randall and Susan Abbott is referred to the next Sessions. 
[S.R., xix, 6 1.] 

8. On a petition of Nicholas Dibbance and John Stirridge of 
Dichett that whereas they have lived there honestly for six or 
seven years in the houses of James Morse, yet he is now 
amerced by the parishioners in ten pounds for the avoiding of 



n6 domntfet (Quarter 



the said petitioners : Ordered in regard they have so long con- 
tinued there that by law they ought not to be removed, that 
James Morse be discharged of the said amercement, and the 
said petitioners to continue in the houses. [5.^., xix, 60, 62.] 



9. Raignold Davidge the son of Robert Davidge of Gregory- 
stoke, who was lately bound apprentice to William and Eliza 
Eason of Taunton, having complained to Richard Warr and 
John Symes, esquires, that he had not sufficient meat and drink 
and other necessaries fitting for an apprentice. Ordered that 
after examination had he be discharged from his said master and 
dame, and the indenture of apprenticeship be void. [S.R., xix, 
66.] 

10. A repetition of the order No. 2 of this Sessions, with the 
name of John Tutton added as in controversy with Christopher 
Latcham. 

[Three bastardy orders, S.R., xix, 48, 50, 52, should have been 
entered here.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT BRIDG WATER the 2oth, 2ist, and 
22nd of September, 12 James [1614], before Sir John 
Mallett, Sir Maurice Berkeley, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Sir Edward Hext, Sir Francis Heale, 
knts., Thomas Warr, Edward Rogers, Edward Popham, 
John Trevillian, Barnabe Lewis, Robert Cuffe, Thomas 
Brereton, Thomas Southworth, and Joseph Rattle, esquires. 

ORDERS. 

I. John Gill to be discharged from his apprenticeship with 
William Spritte of Stogursey and be bound apprentice to John 
Rowe of Stawley. Sir John Mallett, knt., and Sir Nicholas 
Halswell, knt, shall send for the sayd William Spritte and shall 
suppresse him from his tipplinge without license. 



(Quarter $*ggumg 3&ecortJ3. 117 



2. William Kendall having made proof that he is not the 
father of the base-born child of Susan Abbott of Closworth, but 
that Danyell Coombstocke is, it is referred to Sir George Speake, 
knt, and John Powlett, esq., to examine the said cause and to 
make an order therein. [S.R., xix, 49.] 

3. Whereas there is a difference touchinge the repaires of 
the highwayes at Taunton Magdalen and St. James parishe in a 
street there called Estridge, whoe ought to repaire the same 
wayes. It is therefore ordered that the parishioners of St. James 
shall joyne with the parishioners of Taunton Magdalen and that 
at Taunton Sessions next when it is determined whoe ought to 
repaire the same that that parishe which ought to repaire the 
said highwayes shall. 

4. Whereas there is a difference touching a base child born at 
Burnett in this county but begotten at Sodbury in Gloucester- 
shire, which was brought to Marston Biggott and layde in a barne 
there as it is supposed, it is ordered that Sir Thomas Bridgs, knt., 
Sir John Horner, knt., and Robert Hopton, Esq., or any two of 
them to inquire into the matter and if it be the same childe, to 
order and appointe where it shall be placed and provided for. 
[S.R., xix, 98.] 

5. Mr. Bragge Vicar of Curland and his wife, in regard he 
hathe been vicar there above five yeares, shall have his abode 
and continuance and be settled there. 

6. Sir John Wyndham, knt., and John Trevellyan, Esqr. 
are to examine into the cause of bastardy for John Safrin and to 
certify the same at the next Sessions. 

7. Sir Nicholas Halswell, knt, Sir Francis Heale, knt., and 
Edward Rogers, Esq., to inquire whoe is the reputed father of 
the base-born child of Elinor Lame Johand. 

8. The parishioners of Camerton are to repaire to Sir Thomas 
Bridges, knt., and Edward Popham, Esq. to be ordered by them 
what they shall yeald weekeley towards the releife of John 
Launsdon duringe the time that he shall remaine in Bridewell. 



n8 &omtr0et (Quarter 



9. John Cade shall give $os/i. a piece to Johane Lechland for 
two children of which he is the reputed father, and shall apparell 
them when they are apprenticed ; and as for the arrerages 
which is behind towards the releafe of the said children accord- 
inge to a former order, he shall referr himselfe to the orderinge 
and determining of Humphrey Wyndham, Esq. and John Symes, 
Esq., which if he do perform he shall be discharged and freed 
from the said children for ever hereafter. 

10. As by the petition of the inhabitants of Mylverton it 
appeareth that Richard Ceeke of M. is a very poore man and 
hathe no house to receave himself and family, it is ordered that 
he shall have a convenient place to erect a house by the consent 
of the lord of the manor, and that the house so built shall 
remaine and continue. [S.R., xix, 85, 87.] 

TI. Whereas James Farre who served in the warres in the 
time of her late Majesty Queen Elizabeth and received divers 
hurts in his body hath presented a petition on to the King asking 
for releife, which petition hath been referred to Henry Walrond, 
Esq., and John Pawlett, Esq., to take such order for him as 
should be agreable to the statute ; and whereas Sir Walter 
Bollor, knt. his late captain and Sir William Wade, knt, Muster 
Master generall have certified that James Farre was soe hurt, it 
is hereby ordered that he shall receive 40.5/2. yearely by quarterly 
payments at each Sessions, the first payment to be made now. 

Maur. Barkeley, Nich. Halswell, Edw. Hext, Thos. Bridges, 
Francis Hele, Ed. Rogers, Tho. Warre. [S.R., xix, 88, 
96.] 

12. Order made by John Maye, Esq., and Joseph Rattle, 

Esq., after an inquiry held at Wedmore, 2nd day of September, 

1614, touching Johanna a base-born child of Isabell Daye, 

according to an order made at the Sessions held at Taunton : 

Inprimis : As before making the order at Taunton so now 

again we have examined diverse witnesses by whose 

testimony and upon examination of the cause and 

circumstances thereof it appeareth to us that Christopher 

Latcham is the father of the child, and that John Tutton 



(Quarter $tumg HUcorttS. 119 



of Wedmore hath been wrongfully charged in this 
matter ; we therefore order that Christopher Latcham 
shall pay to the churchwardens and overseers twelve 
pence every Sunday after Morning Prayer, and shall 
pay arrearage from the birth of the said child, and that 
this payment shall continue until she can be bound 
apprentice. 

Item, that the Isabell Day, after her release from the house 
of Bridewell, where she now remaineth for her punish- 
ment, for this bastard and four other bastards which she 
formerly hath, shall keep the child if the authorities 
think her able to do so in regard of her health without 
receiving or having any allowance out of the said con- 
tribution of the reputed father ; and if she refuse to 
keep the child, then to pay twelve pence a week to the 
authorities. 

Item, that both the said parties shall put in sufficient 
sureties either by bond or otherwise to the best liking 
of the churchwardens and overseers for the performance 
of this our order. 

John Maye, Jos. Rattle. [S.R., xix, IOO.] 

13. Whereas the said Christopher Latcham hath appealed 
unto this Court for some imperfections in the same order to be 
received ; and it is now ordered that it stand until the next 
General Sessions when the said C. Latcham and John Tutton 
shall produce their witnesses and according to the best proofs on 
that behalf order shall be taken. [S.R., xix, 92.] 

14. Forasmuch as at the Court Leet or Law holden for the 
manor of Taunton Deane the 1st Sept. 1614, the jury presented 
that the great stoninge bridge at Shutterne called Fleet Bridge 
was in decay and hath great need to be speedily repayred, that 
it lay within the parish of St. Mary Magdalen in Taunton, but 
they had no evidence by whome it ought to be repayred. It is 
ordered that the Parish of St. Mary Magdalene shall repaire it. 
[S.R., xix, 91.] 



i2o domtrlet (Quarter 



SOMERSET. GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT 
WELLS, loth, nth, I2th,and I3thdays of January, 12 James 
[1614-5]. Before Sir James Ley, Sir John Mallett, Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Sir Thomas Bridges, Sir Edward Hext, 
and Sir Francis Heale, Knights : John Pawlett, Robert 
Hopton, Edward Rogers, Edward Popham, Thomas 
Hughes, Christopher Preston, Francis Baber, James Bysse, 
Barnabas Lewis, Thomas Warre, Thomas Brereton, Thomas 
Southworth, and Joseph Rattle, Esquires. 

ORDERS. 

1. Whereas John Wright of Langford Budville hath 
appealed unto us from the strictness of an order made by John 
Frauncis and Humphrey Wyndham Esquires, requiring him to 
pay xiiij pence weekly for the maintenance of the base born 
child of Martha Pirry, which was made upon the information of 
the said Martha Pirry and her friends only, the said J. W. not 
being present, nor the said Justices knowing his state but being 
informed that he was of farre greater ability than indeed he 
appeared unto us to be, we now reduce it to viij pence per week 
until the next General Sessions, where it shall be continued if 
not otherwise altered. [S.R., xx, 8.] 

2. Wyne to pay backe 5 pounds wrongfully retained by him 
of Parsons upon an arrest, and the parties to give mutual 
releases. 

3. Sir John Mallett, knt. Thomas Warre and Thomas 
Brereton, Esquires, or any two of them shall bind over Clarke 
and Maye to appear at the next General Sessions with good 
sureties in a good sum of money, and in the mean time to keep 
the peace one to the other. 

4. Whereas Lewis Lyninge of Marke is presented to keep 
a common tippling house without license, which he allegeth to 
be an ancient inn : John Maye and Joseph Rattle, Esquires, 



&mnrri*t (Quarter ^r&umg Mrcovtte. 121 



are to send for the ancient men of Marck and examine into 
the truth of the allegation ; and to certifie at the next Sessions 
when the case is to be tried. 

5. Whereas the Constables and Jurors of the Hundred of 
Bempstone have presented that there are too many tipplers in 
Wedmore and Marke : John Maye, Nathaniel Still, and Joseph 
Rattle, Esquires, three of the Justices within that limit shall 
examine into the truth thereof, and suppresse such as they find 
to be superfluous from keeping of tippling houses. 

6. Whereas Thomas Ingham of Compton Dando gent, was 
ordered by Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq. 
to enter into a bond with the churchwardens and overseers of 
the same parish with sureties to pay viij^. weekly towards the 
maintenance of the base-born child of Margaret Addlames until 
it should be bound apprentice, and whereas he hath not 
performed the order but is conveyed away from hence by his 
father's means : It is therefore ordered that William Ingham his 
father shall be bound to the good behaviour unless he will enter 
into bond that his son shall perform the said order. [5.^?., xx, 3.] 

7. Upon full and deliberate hearing of the cause of bastardy 
now in difference between Christopher Latcham and John Tutton, 
and upon due examination of all the witnesses produced on 
both sides : It is conceived by the Justices present that C. 
Latcham is the reputed father of the last base-born child of 
Isabell Day : It is therefore ordered that the first order made by 
Jos. Rattle and John Maye shall stand ; that the corporal 
punishment of the said C. Latcham shall be respited until 
further order ; that Isabell Day shall forthwith be whipped in 
Wells ; and that C. Latcham before Wednesday next shall give 
bond for the due performance of the order before Jos. Rattle, 
Esq., or in default shall be bound over to the next General 
Sessions. 

8. Ordered that the order made at the last Sessions (B'water 
No. 2) between Abbott and Rendall shall remain in force until 
the next General Sessions when the parties shall attend. 

R 



122 ^omertfet (Suarter &t**ismfl 



9. The overseers of Palton having petitioned this Court 
concerning William Heale a poor "decripet" man borne in 
Palton, but removed to Camerton for the space of three and a 
half years, and now returned to P. for the space of half a year 
on the ground that P. is over burthened with poor people, Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Knt., and Francis Baber Esq. shall order and 
appoint when W. Heale shall be placed and provided for. [S.R., 

XX, 22.] 

10. Whereas Nicholas Webbe hath petitioned that whereas 
he hath been married and dwelt at Woolverton four years and 
upwards in the house of Agnis Willsheere his mother-in-law, now 
Mr. Horton the lord of the Manor will not permitt Webbe, his 
wife and his child to inhabit there any longer : Robert Hopton 
and James Bysse, Esquires, shall acquaint Mr. Horton there- 
with, and shall determine and appoint the abode of N. Webbe 
as they shall think fit. [S.R., xx, 24.] 

11. Whereas the parishioners of Sparkford have petitioned 
that John Lachmore of S. is a very poor man with a wife and 
many small children and hath no house to entertain himself and 
his family : It is ordered that J. Lachmore with the consent of 
the lord of the manor shall have a convenient place to erect and 
build a house for habitation. [S.R., xx, 28.] 

12. Whereas the overseers and churchwardens of Chilcompton 
have petitioned that Mathias Griffen, who hath no certain place 
of abode or dwellinge to their knowledge but is a wanderer from 
place to place, hath married a lewd woman the daughter of a very 
poor man named Robins dwelling in a house built upon the lord's 
waste for the poor there, wherein there are two or three " coopells " 
besides the said Griffin ; and that the said Griffin not longer after 
his marriage ran away leaving his wife whose child was born 
within three months of the marriage ; but cometh to her again 
allways by night, refusing to provide for her elsewhere : Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq. are to order and 
appoint where Griffin and his wife shall be settled and provided 
for. [S.R., xx, 26.] 



(Quarter dtfgimtf iftwijrtte. 123 



13. Whereas Richard Pearce hath petitioned on behalf of the 
parishioners of Pilton that after Nathaniel French of Shepton 
Mallet, fellmaker had received Walter Brooke as an apprentice ; 
he allowed him to be vagrant from Whitsunday last until the 
eighth day of January when he was brought from tithing to 
tithing unto Pilton the place of his birth, notwithstanding that 
N. French had with the apprentice the value of x\s/i. : Ordered 
that Mr. Doctor James and Thomas Hughes, Esq. shall send for 
N. F., W. B., and R. P. and upon examination to set down and 
make an order herein. [S.R., xx, 23.] 

14. Whereas the Earl of Hertford, lord of the manor of 
Chellington (Chillington) hath granted a voyd place for erecting 
a house for the poor of the said parish which has been built by 
the overseers and some of the parish ; and the overseers to pay 
for the cost have levied a rate according to the rate for the relief 
of the poor there allowed by Sir Thomas Phelippes, Knt, and 
Christopher Preston, Esq. ; yet notwithstanding Wm. Stuckey, 
Thomas Marshall, and Henry Trott do refuse to pay the same 
as appeareth by the petition of the overseers : It is ordered that 
those persons or any other do refuse to pay that the two next 
justices within that limit shall call before them such as refuse 
and bind them over unto the next General Sessions. [Sj?., xx 

25.1 

15. As it appeareth unto the Justices that Robert Carsley of 
Taunton dyer hath incited John Marlem his apprentice to 
unlawful actions and to committ " theevery " : It is ordered by 
the Bench that the apprentice be forthwith discharged, and that 
all contracts and agreements made shall be frustrate and of none 
effect. 

1 6. Whereas the overseers of Lamiatt complain that Edmund 
Hixe of West Pennard hath brought in and settled one James 
Mann as his under-tenant on a promise to hold the parish harm- 
less from any charge which might come from his presence and 
to remove him if required which the said Hicks (sic) now 
refuseth to perform : the examination thereof is referred to Sir 
Maurice Barkley, Knt, Robert Hopton and James Bisse, 



124 &omn-fet (Quarter 



Esquires, or to any two of them to order and determine the said 
difference or controversy. 

17. Order that Robert Hopton and James Bysse, Esquires, 
or either of them shall as soone as conveniently may be " suere " 
Phillipp Tibbett of Inglescombe to execute the office of tithyng- 
man for one whole year then following. 

1 8. Referred to Sir John Mallett, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Knts. 
Thomas Warre, John Symes, Thomas Brereton, Esquires, or any 
two of them to view the house of Correction at Taunton, and to 
take such moneys for the present reparations thereof as shall be 
thought fitt until the next General Sessions. 

19. Powell Day having petitioned that whereas about seven 
years ago order was taken at the Wells Sessions to provide him 
a house at Burnett where he was borne, which order is not now to 
be found, and the petitioner by reason of much sickness on himself 
and his wife is grown in great poverty and distress, and by that 
means has no certain place of abode at St. George's where he 
now dwelleth, is like to lie in the open street with his wife and 
child : the examination thereof is referred to Sir Thomas Bridges 
Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq. to take some lawful course for his 
relief, and farther to take especial care that the petitioner and 
his family be not constrained to lie in the streets, especially for 
that his wife is very sick and weak. [5.7?., xx, 29.] 

20. Whereas a certificate has been presented by the Mayor, 
Aldermen, Constables and Overseers of the Borough of Axbridge 
that there are three ancient Inns within the said Borough, and 
that the innkeepers are greatly impoverished by reason that 
Edward Gallwey, John Colston, Robert Larder, and Peter 
Butcher, who inhabit in the next street adjoining to the 
Burrough, but outside the liberties have built stables there and 
on every market day and at other fetch the horses of travellers 
forth of the Burrough and place them in their stables and take 
money for their standing and meat ; and that the said Edward 
Gallwey and John Robinson, John Robinson and William 
Norcott do keep disorderly tippling-houses in west street to the 



(Quarter ^fstetonsi 3iimrtJg. 125 



great prejudice of the ancient inns : Examination of this cause 
is referred to John Maye and Joseph Rattle Esquires, who shall 
call before them the said parties and order and determine the 
same ; and if any shall refuse to be ordered, they shall be bound 
over to the next General Sessions. [5.7?., xx, 18.] 



21. Whereas Thomas Seaward of East Wells hath petitioned 
that about ten days last past one Elizabeth Burges was lodged 
in his house by his wife during his absence, but was put forth on 
his return, then she left her child with a woman there and 
departed and was never since heard of by reason whereof 
Seaward is compelled to keep the child : Order that the base 
child be forthwith sent to Mark, the place where it was born, to 
be received and provided for until they can place it at [ ] 
in Gloucestershire where it was begotten. [5./?., xx, 13.] 

22. Upon the information of some of the inhabitants of 
Midsomer Norton that divers cottages are erected and built up 
within the parish in which are placed diverse and many tenants 
and under-tenants people very poore and of lewd disposition 
which do much offend and annoy the inhabitants of the same 
parish, and very like to be a great charge : Ordered that Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Knt, Francis Baber and Barnaby Lewis, 
Esquires, or any two of them, shall call before them the parties 
offending, and if thought fit, to bind them over to the next 
General Sessions to answer the premisses. [S.J?., xx, /.] 

23. Whereas William Lane has petitioned that he was born 
and hath always dwelt in Rodney Stoke, but being a man 
of small ability was never able to buy him a house of his own, 
but has always dwelt in hired houses which now he can no longer 
obtain for his money, as all the houses in the manor are sold ; 
whereupon he is inforced to buy a* small plot of ground to build 
upon, which he hath procured of one of the lords of the manor ; 
but in respect he is not able to buy four acres of land to lay there- 
unto according to the .statute, the inhabitants will not suffer him 
to build, neither let him a house for his money : Referred to 
Francis James, Doctor of the law, Thomas Hughes, and Thomas 
Southworth, Esquires, to order and appoint whether he shall 
erect the house on the plot of ground or no. [5.^., xx, 9.] 



24. Complaint having been made by John Stibbes against 
John Wansbury that whereas J. W. bargained with him for 
certain goods and chattells to the sum of xxviiij pounds and 
rented a tenement of his at x pounds by the year, for which he 
oweth two years' rent, and moreover promised to pay certain 
monies for the said J. S. where he did owe the same which he 
hath not performed, but only paid xvij//. out of xliv//. ; yet 
notwithstanding he giveth out speeches that the said J. S. 
indebted to the said J. W. : It is referred to Robert Hopton Esq., 
to examine the matters above specified, and to order and 
determine the same. [5.7?., xx, n.] 



25. Complaint having been made by Roger Clarcke that 
whereas he pawned two heifers to John Wansbury of Cloford for 
his security for the payment of iiij//., which was to be paid at 
Michaelmas last, which sum was tendered at the day and time 
according to the covenant ; yet J. Wansbury would not receive 
the money but hath driven away and detains the two heifers, 
being worth vj//., viijs/i., m}d. : Ordered that the said R. Clarcke 
shall pay the sum of iv//., xsh., and that J. Wansbury shall 
redeliver the two heifers. [S.R., xx, 12.] 

26. Whereas John Reeves hath complained that John 
Wansbury detains from him two bonds, the principal amounting 
to xx//., and upwards, which he hath paid in ground and cattle 
at a day long since past, as he can prove by one Roger Clarcke, 
under a pretence of a replevyn out of the Hundred Court took 
and drove away from the grounds of the said Reeves, one mare 
of the price of iij//., and two kyne of the price of viij//., and 
thence locked them up in his barn, and afterwards drove the 
kyne to Stratton when he put them in the backside of one 
Ambrose Pointinge never showing any replevyn, yet detained 
them twelve days, riding the mare to divers markets during that 
time ; and further under the pretence of vij//., debt which will be 
due unto him from the said Robert Reeves at the Feast of 
Pentecost come twelve month doth wrongfully molest one John 
Coxe who holdeth certain grounds of Reeves (the said Wansbury 
having no right at all in the said grounds) : Referred to Robert 
Hopton and James Bisse Esquires to examine the causes and 



J^omersiet (Quarter $e00um0 3&ecor&(. 127 

order and determine the same, and if J. Wansbury shall refuse, 
to bind him over to the next Sessions. [S.R., xx, 10, where the 
petitioner is called Robert.] 

27. Whereas in the third year of His Majesty's reign .an 
order was made at Wells for John Churley of Stawley husband- 
man to give security for the discharge of that parish (from the 
maintenance) of the base child of Johane Brewer ; and 
afterwards Nicholas Brewer grandfather of the child gave ten 
pounds for its use and benefit to John Govyer, Richard Potter, 
and Andrew Barby : it is now referred to Sir Francis Popham 
Knt., Thomas Warre and Thomas Brereton, Esquires to call 
before them the parties named above and to take order to secure 
the money to the parish. [5.^., xx, 14, 32.] 



28. Whereas Nicholas Willoughby gent, has been appointed 
the King's Woodward by Patent and ought to be in that respect 
daily attending on his Majesty's service, and has also received 
letters from his Majesty's Council for the performance of some 
service touching his office : The Justices therefore discharge 
him from the office of Constable within the Hundred of 
Horethorne for which he was elected, and do appoint Christopher 
Foster gent, to serve that office for that they account him to be 
the fittest man for that service. [5.7?., xx, 33.] 

29. Upon a petition exhibited by Edward Chicke of North 
Petherton and a certificate made by Sir Nicholas Halswell Knt., 
and Robert Cuffe Esq., of his great losses by fire : It is ordered 
that he do receive out of the hospitall money of treasurer for 
the hospitals of the wester division six pounds thirteen shillings 
and eight pence. Nich. Halswell. Ed. Hext. Francis Hele. 
Tho. Warre. James Bysse. Robert Cuffe. [S.R., xx, 34.] 

30. Whereas Richard Crewe late of Twiverton was bound 
over to appear at this Sessions and did not appear, but affidavit 
was made by John Harvord that he was in the prison at Bath, 
where he standeth indicted and many misdemeanours proved 
against him : the keeper of the prison is ordered before the 
delivery of the said R. Crewe to bring him before a Justice to 



128 $omertt Quarter 



find very sufficient security or sureties of subsidy men for his 
good behaviour and appearance at the next Sessions. [S.R., xx, 

30.] 

31. Referred to Francis James Doctor of the law, John Maye 
and Joseph Rattle Esquires to inquire into the differences 
between Nicholas Tyke and his wife and Christopher Wale [of 
Clewer in Wedmore,] who shall certify at the next General 
Sessions how they find the same. [S.^., xx, 4, 36.] 



32. On a petition by Robert Pearce that having married and 
being desirous to live private with his wife he hath by his hard 
labour bought a house in Langport, but that the parishioners 
will not suffer him to dwell there. It is ordered that he shall 
live there if he will make a chimney in the house before he dwell 
in it that the parishioners may not be endangered by fire. [S.R., 
xx, 31.] 

33. Whereas Elizabeth Tucker daughter of Raffe T. of 
Minehead was born at Weston in Zoyland, whereupon . the 
inhabitants of Minehead have gone about to make her, being a 
poor lame child, chargeable to Weston ; and the parishioners of 
Weston assert that she was born at Weston while her mother 
was travelling through the village to Minehead where they have 
lived for three years and upwards : It is referred to Sir Nicholas 
Hals well, and Sir Francis Heale Knts., Edward Rogers, Robert 
Cuffe Esquires to order and appoint when the child shall be 
settled and provided for. [S.R., xx, 16, 35.] 

34. By consent of John Browne keeper of the house of 
Correction and of John Bayly Gaoler, it is ordered that John 
Brown who now is keeper of the Ho. of Correction shall keep 
all such persons as now stand committed to the said House or 
shall be ; and for that purpose he shall have the use of such 
rooms in the house commonly called the Gaol and House of 
Correction as follows : Vizt. The two under rooms on the right 
hand of the Gaol called the Common Gaol, with the little court 
adjoyning ; and the sheriff and his keeper of the gaol shall have 
the residue of the said house for the keeping of the prisoners ; 



129 



and liberty for the prisoners to repair unto the house of office 
with an under-keeper in that court ; Saving that the gallery may 
be used by two servants of the gaoler to lodge in the night time, 
and the use thereof otherwise to belong to the said Joh'n Browne 
and his servants. It is further ordered that the said John 
Brown his servants and prisoners shall have ingress and egress 
at the gate of the said house into the said two lower rooms from 
six to five of the clock between this and Candlemas, and 
afterwards from five to six, and not after or before. Also that 
the sheriff and Gaoler shall have the under rooms in the old gaol 
for the prisoners. Also that the said John Brown and his son 
Christopher shall enter into bond of one thousand pounds to the 
said John Bayly to save him and his heirs harmless from all losses 
and damages which may happen concerning the said gaol and 
prisoners by their means. This order to have continuance until 
" thend of Easter Quarter Sessions and to thend of the yeare " if 
the Justices shall not then alter the same. Lastly it is ordered 
that the Justices that shall be at the next Sessions may view the 
said Gaol and assign out such rooms for the house of correction 
and they shall think fit, and shall also agree upon convenient 
ways both for the house of correction and the gaol, and that 
then consideration may be had for such costs as the said John 
Brown hath laid out in newe building part of the said gaol. 
[S.R., xx, 41.] 

35. Upon some special causes now shown unto the Court, it 
is ordered that John Trapnell be discharged of his apprenticeship 
to William Morgan of Taunton, the rather that his master 
refuseth to take him on account of some misdeameanor, yet 
nevertheless it is ordered that Thos. Warre, John Symes, and 
Thos. Brereton, Esquires, shall examine the said causes ; and that 
this order shall remain in the hands of the said Thomas Warre 
until they have examined the same ; when he is to deliver it if 
they shall so think it fit. [S.R., xx, 21.] 

36. Certificate from Sir John Wyndham and Sir Francis 
Heale, Knts., and John Trevelian Esq., touching the parentage 
of the base-born child of Edith Williams of Bicknoller on an 
order made at the Bridgwater Sessions (No. 6). 

S 



130 ^omn-tfet (Quarter 



After hearing and examining the matters suggested before 
the Bench and referred to us, we find by several confessions 
taken before several persons both before and after the delivery 
of the safd Edith Williams, as also upon vehement presumptions 
gathered out of the confession of John Escott, that he is the 
father of the said child ; and that John SafTyn and John Rudge 
had in suspicion by Mr. doctor James for incontinent living 
whether to crime or other matter suggested before him, that they 
are clear of the fact for any matter of proof that might be made 
before us. Albeit we have examined Christopher Sandford and 
Elizabeth his wife and John Williams brother of the said Edith 
otherwise then the said Christopher affirmeth he hath heard a 
report that the said Edith should say that the saidjohn SafTyn had 
sought her company two years sithence, and the said Elizabeth 
Sandford saith that Stone the apparitor told her that John 
Sweeting of the town of Bicknaller thelder had informed Mr. doctor 
James that Edith Williams had confessed to the said Elizabeth 
that John Saffyn was the father of her child, which the said 
Elizabeth doth deny. And that John Williams in respect of a 
warrant of the good behaviour procured by John Saffyn and 
John Rudge against him did publish that Edith had said that 
the said Saffyn had sought her company, which otherwise he 
saith he would not have done had it not been in respect of the 
said warrant. Further, Stone being examined touching this 
information to Dr. James how it should grow or arise, saith he 
knoweth not. 

John Wyndham. Francis Heale. John Trevelian. 

An order made at Watchet by the above Justices on ipth 
Dec., 1614. John Escott als Adhames shall put in sufficient 
sureties to the churchwardens or overseers of Bicknaller for the 
payment of such sums as have already been paid by the 
overseers from the birth of the child, and for its maintenance 
until it be apprenticed or otherwise provided for. 

Item. We do order on behalf of the said Edith Williams 
that as soon as she may be found and apprehended, she 
shall be committed to the house of correction for one 
whole year, according to the Statute. 



(Quarter dtfgfomf tftecartos. 131 



Lastly. This order to remain in force until further order 
be taken by us or the next General Sessions. [S.-/?., 
xx, 37, 38.] 

John Wyndham. John Trevelyan. 

37. An order made by Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt, and Francis 
Baber, Esq., on the I4th June, 12 James (1614) touching the 
base born child of Margaret Adhames of Compton Dando, of 
which she confesseth that Thomas Ingham, gent, is the father. 

Inprimis we order that Thomas Ingham shall from the day 
of the birth of the said child pay viij pence weekly to 
the overseers and churchwardens, until the child be 
bound apprentice or otherwise provided for, every 
Sunday after thend of morning prayer. 

We do order that the mother shall keep the child without 
charging the said parish if she shall be found fit and 
able ; and if she refuse then she shall pay viii pence 
weekly to the overseers. 

As soon as this order has been made known to the parents, 
they shall put in good bond with sureties for the dis- 
charge of the parish and for the payment of the money. 

Item. We do lastly order that the said Margaret Addames 
(sic) shall be conveyed by the tithyngman of Compton 
to the town of Pensford on the next market day after 
the publication of this our order ; and be stripped from 
the shoulders to the waist and whipped about the market 
for an example to others to avoid the like offence. 
And as there is no certain ground or .vehement pre- 
sumption to inflict the same punishment on the reputed 
father, we therefore leave him to the judgement of the 
ordinary in that case to deal with him. 

Thomas Bridges. Fra. Baber. [5.^?., xx, 39.] 

38. An order set down and established by Thos. Bridges, 
Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq. touching the base-born child of 
Magdalen Fewell of Burnett, late of Old Sodbury in Gloucester- 
shire, where she was in service with Roger Hbrton, gent, by 



132 ^oimrget (Quarter j&t$&io\\ 



Nathaniel Abbott, at that time in the same service, who is charged 
to be the father of the child. 

Inprimis. We do order that Nath. Abbott to pay ten pence 
weekly to the overseers and churchwardens of Burnett 
for the relief and maintenance of the poor, which sum 
is to be paid every Sunday in church after morning 
prayer, until the child is able to maintain itself. 

Item. We do order Thomas Kinton of Marston Biggott, 
being the deputy tithyngman of Mar. B., when Magdalen 
Powell was committed to the house of correction by 
Robert Hopton, esq., for the wilful and negligent 
escape of the said Magdalen, to pay weekly the sum 
of vi pence, and x shillings, the same to be paid to the 
overseers in the parish church there every Sunday after 
morning prayer with tharrerages after the rate of 
vi pence weekly from the 7th day of October last past. 

Item. The said Magdalen Fewell shall keep the child, or in 
case of refusal pay vi pence weekly for his maintenance. 

We do likewise order that the said Magdalen Fewell for her 
further punishment shall be by the officers of Burnett stript 
naked from her middle upwards and by them shall be two 
several times whipped until her body be " bluddy " in manner 
and form following, vizt, the first at Penceford upon the next 
market day after she shall be taken, the second and last time at 
Burnet, to be done by the overseers of B. next after such time 
as she shall be apprehended by the said officers ; and if either 
of the said parties shall refuse to abide this our said order, to be 
brought before us by the tithyngman that we may proceed 
against them according to the law. 

Thomas Bridges. Fra. Baber. [S.R., xx, 40.] 

39. Forasmuch as it appeareth unto us that Thomas Harte 
of Ilminster, groome, is the reputed father of the base-born 
child of Johane Elforde of Crewkerne ; and forasmuch as we 
are to set downe order as well for the punishing of offenders as 
the relieving and keeping of the said child : We do order the 
said Thomas to pay six pence weekly, or otherwise take the said 
child and keep it, and further to enter into bond with sufficient 



(Quarter &*4dton4 JfttcortisL 133 



sureties unto the parish of Creukerne for the performance of 
this our order, Dated the 29th day of October, 1614. [S.R., 
xx, 42.] 

G. Speke. Jo. Poulett. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT ILCHESTER the iSth, ipth, and 
2Oth days of April, 13 James (1615), Before Sir Edward 
Hext, Sir Thomas Phelippes, Sir Francis Heale, Knts., 
Francis James, Doctor of laws, John Powlett, Thomas Warre, 
Alexander Ewens, Robert Hopton, John Farewell, Edward 
Popham, William Swanton, James Bysse, Thomas South- 
worth, Joseph Rattle, and Barnabe Lewis, Esquires. 

1. Edmund Pynny of Brodway was at this Sessions 
committed by the Bench for that being convented for scanda- 
lizing a minister, to prosecute his traverse upon an indictment 
for interrupting the said minister at divine service, and the 
parties which should give evidence against him for the same 
not being present, the Justices thought fit to continue him to 
the next Sessions following, whereupon the said Pynny in 
very disordered manner in the Courte said the Justices dealt 
hardly with him, for which cause they committed him. 

2. Forasmuch as the overseers and other the inhabitants 
and tenants of North Curry have certified that Robert Seely 
[Ceelie in the certificate] of Lilsdon in the said parish, is a very 
poor man, and the lord of the manor hath given licence to him to 
build a house on the lord's waste of the said manor without laying 
four acres of land thereto, it is ordered at this Sessions that the 
house so built shall stand and remain, the Statute in that 
behalfe provided in any wise notwithstanding. [5.7?., xx, 79.] 

3. Forasmuch as an order was made at the last General 
Sessions held at Ilchester that the Causeway between the East- 
gate of Bridgewater and Crane Bridge should be repaired by 
the several parishes named in the order. Now the inhabitants 



134 dommiet (Quarter &*&$tong 



of Baudripp petition that the inhabitants of Chedsey, Chelton, 
Murlinch, Stowell, Sutton, Shapwick and Aishcott do refuse to 
perform the said order : Ordered that Sir Nicholas Halswell, 
Sir Francis Heale, Knts., and Edward Rogers, Esq., or any two 
of them shall call before them all such as do refuse, and shall 
order all such as shall make default of the same for the perform- 
ance thereof. [S.R., xx, 62.] 

4. Richard Knight of Staple Fitzpaine hath appeared and 
sworn that he hath served George Taylor, Thos. Davis als 
Welshman, Richard Nocholes, Addam Hussie, John Hitch, 
William Beere, Thos. Thorne, Mark Knight, and John Helliar 
with subpoenas returnable at [ ] Sessions last past, 
upon information depending in this Court against them for 
brewing contrary to the Statute, and they have not yet appeared : 
It is ordered that attachment be awarded against them 
returnable at the next Sessions. 

5. The inhabitants of Chilcompton having complained 
that an order was made by Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt., and 
Francis Baber, Esq., on them to receive and provide for 
Katherine Freinde, late servant unto William Caple, Esq., 
because she was found to be with child there, whereas the child 
was begotten before at Midsomer Norton : It is now ordered that 
for this cause the said Katherine shall be sent to Midsomer 
Norton to be provided for. [6\^., xx, 71.] 



6. Whereas there is a difference touching the base child of 
Katherine Wosdell, whereof one John Burge is accused by her 
to be the father, and one John Bigge is also accused by her of 
bringing money from John Burge, and by other indirect courses 
to procure her to free the said Burge from the said child : The 
examination of the causes above specified is referred to Robert 
Hopton and James Bysse, Esquires, who shall certify their 
findings to the next Sessions. 

7. The case of John Wright who is the reputed father of 
the child of Martha Firry, is referred over to the next 
Sessions. 



(Quarter ^eStftonsl i&ecorttg. 135 



8. On a petition of the inhabitants of Leigh (on Mendip) 
that Mr. Thos. Bridges and his son, with other his tenants 
there have received divers inmates and undertenants into many 
houses and small cottages there, contrary to the law ; and the 
said Mr. Bridges hath taken away the ground belonging to 
sundry tenements there, selling the houses only to poor men, 
which is likely to breed a great charge to the inhabitants : the 
Examination thereof is referred to Robert Hopton, Edward 
Popham, and James Bysse, Esquires, To order and determine 
the same. 

9. Upon a petition of John Popham of Bawdripp that in regard 
of his poverty, Edward Tynte, Esq. did about two years last 
past, freely give unto him a ruinous old house with a garden 
plot adjoining in Pawlett ; which was parcel of a tenement 
afterwards sold by Mr. Tynte to Hugh Bowne ; whom Mr. 
Tynte did acquaint with his said gift and would have excepted 
the same but that Bowne faithfully promised before many 
witnesses that the petitioner should have the same for his life : 
notwithstanding Bowne hath now pulled down the house and 
denyeth him to enjoy the same. Ordered that Sir Nicholas 
Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, Knts., and Edward Rogers, Esq., 
or any two of them to examine and order and determine the same. 
[S.R., xx, 67.] 

10. It is referred to John Maye and Joseph Rattle, Esquires, 
to order where Michael Phelippes of Henton Bluett shall be 
settled to inhabit. 

1 1. On a petition presented by William Porter of Eddington, 
a very poor and impotent old man, that he hath for the most 
part of his life dwelt at Eddington, where he hath two pence 
allowed him weekly > but in regard of his great poverty and 
inability of body was inforced for his better relief about a 
fortnight sithence to visit some of his friends at Shapwick, where 
he received there alms, and being* there taken by William 
Constable, one of the Constables of the Hundred of Whitleighe, 
was by his direction grievously whipped there and sent to 
Chedseye : It is referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis 



136 Somerset <&uart*r 



Heale, Knts., Edward Rogers, and Robert Cuffe, Esquires, to 
take order for the relief of the petitioner, and also to call the 
said constable before them for the whipping, and to bind him 
over to the next Sessions then to answer the same, if they shall 
think fit. [S.R., xx, 52.] 

12. Whereas Stephen Shackell, late of West Coker, is the 
reputed father of the base child of Isatt Lyas a very poor widow 
with two other children who liveth by the parish, and whereas 
the said Stephen has sold his estate and is gone into Ireland 
before any order was made ; but hath taken bond of Thos. Smyth 
and Francis Sherwood of West Coker for the payment of iv 
pounds at our Lady day last past, as appeareth by a petition : 
It is ordered that Smyth and Sherwood do pay the said sum 
unto the next General Sessions, or else pay the interest thereof 
unto the churchwardens and overseers for the use and main- 
tenance of the said Isatt Lyas, or if they refuse, to be bound 
over to the next General Sessions, to answer this contempt. 
Jt., xx, 64.] 



1 3. On the petition of George Bradshaw that he hath lived 
as an apprentice unto Robert Tanner at Ayshell, blacksmith, 
for seven years, and hath dwelt there almost four years more as 
a covenante servant with the said Tanner : It is now ordered 
that he shall be suffered to inhabit at A. if he can get a house, 
and that any such person as shall receive him there shall not 
anyway be damnified for the same, either by any " payne " or 
otherwise, in regard he hath so long time dwelled there, and 
ought not to be removed thence by due course of law. 

14. It is ordered at this present Sessions that whereas by a 
former order William Randall being adjudged the father of the 
base child of Susan Abbott was taxed to a weekly payment for 
the same ; and at the next Sessions (held at Taunton) after the 
order was made Randall being aggrieved with the order ap- 
pealed, which appeal was heard at the Bridgewater Sessions, 
when after long hearing of the same cause, it was ordered that 
the said Randall was not the father of the child, but should be 
discharged thereof, and his bond redelivered. But it appeared 



(Quarter &e$u)n 2&ecor&g. 137 



that Daniel Combstock was the father ; which order so made at 
Bridgewater being misentered by the clerk contrary to the 
direction of the Court, and that mistaking by the clerk openly 
confessed in Court, and being now questioned at the Sessions, 
and the Justices that were present at their ordering of the said 
cause at B. which now attended at this Sessions well remem- 
bering their said order. It was at this present Sessions at 
Ivelchester by the \yhole Court of Sessions reformed, requiring 
the same former order to be amended according to their intention 
and direction of the Court. 

Tho. Phelipps, Edward Hext, Francis Heale, Tho. Warre 
James Byss, John Farwell, Christopher Preston, 
Barnaby Lewis. 

[Bridgewater orders No. 2 : the clerk omitted " not " which 
has been added in another hand. S.R., xx, 53, 84, 85.] 

15. Forasmuch as there are divers petitions now preferred 
unto the Justices of the Peace at this present Sessions for taking 
poor men tenants to their houses who are settled in sundry 
parishes, and by due course of law ought not to be removed 
thence. Yet notwithstanding divers Lords in sundry manors 
set down " paynes " in their Courts for the removing of such as 
have lawfully taken houses in to relieve themselves and their 
poor families. And forasmuch as it appeareth by the petition 
of Richard Addames that he hath dwelt in East Pennard by the 
space of twelve years, having a wife and five children, and about 
two years since entered into the house of John Coward there, 
and liveth honestly by his labour, who is now presented at the 
Law day for suffering the said Addames to dwell in his house, 
and hath a day given him there under a " paine " for his removal, 
whereby the said Addames is removed thence, having no other 
house to go unto or cover his head : It is therefore ordered that 
the said Richard Addames (in regard that he hath been dwelling 
there this twelve years, and cannot by law be removed thence) 
shall continue there and that it shall be lawful for him to take 
any house in the parish not inhabited, and that the " paynes " 
already past shall be stayed and not be distrained for, and that 
there shall be no more " paynes " given ; and farther that no 

T 



138 JtamtHttt (Quarter 



other persons or persons within this county who are so settled 
that by law they cannot be removed, shall be " payned " by any 
Lord or Lords of manors to remove such tenants from their 
lawful dwellings, that so by their labours and industries they 
may honestly get their livings to the better disburdening of all 
parishes to be at any charge with them. [S.R., xx, 54, 70.] 

1 6. Forasmuch as a letter has been received from the Lords 
his Majesty's Council requiring them to relieve Captain Thomas 
Francklyne, who hath received many hurts and wounds in the 
service of her late Majesty of famous memory, out of such money 
as should be collected for the relief of maimed soldiers : It is 
ordered that the said captain shall have x pounds only allowed 
and paid by the treasurer for the maimed soldiers in consideration 
he shall be contented to free and discharge the County of 
Somerset from any farther allowance or pension to him as a 
maimed soldier. [S.R., xx, 83.] 

Tho. Phelipps, Edward Hext, Francis Heale, Tho. Warre, 
Alex. Ewens, Robt. Hopton, Xtopher Preston. 

[xx, 69, the letter bears the signatures of T. Ellesmere, Cane. 
T. SufTolke, Lenox, E. Wotton, Raphe Wiriwood, Fulke Grevyll, 
Tho. Lake ; 68 is Francklyn's receipt. In the letter the name is 
Frankham.] 

17. Whereas Sir Edward Hext, Knt, heretofore made 
an order on John Parker requiring him to pay monthly two 
shillings and eightpence to John Chambers towards the educating 
of the base child of Johane Chambers, until she should be of the 
full age of fourteen years, or either order be taken : We do now 
order the said Parker to pay to the said John Chambers v 
pounds in full discharge of the said former order, and [Chambers] 
to deliver the bond or otherwise to deliver the said child to the 
said John Parker. 

Maurice Barckley, Ed. Hext, Franc. Heale, James Byss, 
Barnaby Lewis. [S.R., xx, 63.] 

1 8. Whereas Adrian West hath presented a petition that he 
hath been resident in Martock for six years and hath rented a 



139 



house for two years without the lett or contradiction of any 
parishioner, and without the relief of the same parish is able to 
maintain himself and his charge by his honest endeavour and 
labour : It is therefore ordered that the said Adrian West (in 
regard that he hath obtained a lawful settlement) shall be 
resident and settled in the said parish, and that none shall be 
troubled with any " paynes " forfeited or to be forfeited by any in 
the Leet or other Court for not removing the said Adrian W. 
out of their house. [S.R., xx, 59, 60.] 

19. Whereas it appeareth by the petition of the inhabitants 
of Eddington within the parish of Murlinch that one Anne 
Welchman als Weeles widow hath six poor children whereof two 
are already well placed in London by the inhabitants aforesaid ; 
and three were born at Badgeworth, and one at Eddington : It 
is ordered that the settling of the three born at Badgeworth shall 
be referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell and Francis Heale, Knts., 
Edward Rogers, Edward Popham and Robert Cuffe, Esquires, 
or to any three of them. [S.R., xx, 55, 57, 61.] 

20. An order concerning the base-born child of Mary Lyde 
of Chedsey ; made by Sir Francis Heale, Knt, and Edward 
Rogers, Esq., at Cannington the i6th day of April, 1615. 

Inprimis. As it appeareth by the accusation of the said 
Mary Lyde that John Francklin of Chedsey, husband- 
man, is the reputed father of the said child, he is hereby 
ordered to pay twelve pence weekly to the church- 
wardens and overseers of Chedsey until farther order 
be taken. 

Item. The said John Francklin shall give sufficient security 
by bond unto the churchwardens- for the performance 
of the said order ; and the money shall remain as a 
stock in their hands to be from time to time accoump- 
tant for the same, for the sustentation and relief of the 
said child as necessity shall require, and they in their 
discretion shall think fit. 

Lastly. The said Mary Lyde shall herself keep her child ; 
and for the offence herein shall suffer punishment of 
whipping until her body be bloody ; and the Constable 



140 >om*$et g&uarUr 



or Tythingman of the place where she is most abiding 
do or cause the same to be done. 

Francis Heale, Edward Rogers. [5.7?., xx, 80.] 

21. Fees for the Clarke of the market to be taken for the 
execution of his office, set down in Trinity Term, 41 Elizabeth 
(1599).- 

First. For sealing every new bushel, for entering 
the same with their name and dwelling place 
of the owner thereof m]d. 

Item. For sealing every half-bushel, etc. i]d. 

Item. For new sealing every lesser measure or 

weight, etc. ]d. 

Item. For recording every " victular's " name, his 
dwelling place, and for viewing and examina- 
tion of every particular ale and beer measures 
be they never so many, and for entering the 
same. ]d. 

Item. For recording every Innholder's name and 

dwelling place, etc. ]d. 

Item. For recording the names and dwelling 
places of every butcher, grocer, mercer, 
chandler, draper, clothier, and other artificer, 
entering of their weights, ells and yards, trying 
and examining the same, and for entering and 
examining of all their beams and balances. \]d. 

Item. For new sealing of every ell or yard at 

both ends, etc. i\d. 

Item. For trying and examining every lesser 
measure, formerly sealed, entering the same, 
etc. ob. 

Item. For trying and examining every bushel, 

formerly sealed, etc. ]d. 

Item. For the trying and examination of every 
weight or measure of any person or persons that 
shall be found repugnant unto her Majesty's 
Standard who shall sell any commodities by 
a lesser weight or measure, or shall buy any 



onur*et Quarter e&ton4 ^ecortls;. 141 



commodity by a greater weight or measure to 

the " deceipt " of the subject. \]d. 

An order from the Chief Justices that this table of fees, 
approved by them " shall be recorded by the Clarke of the peece 
within every County of this Realme by the Speciall Command- 
ment of every Justice of Peece being Custos Rotulorum of the 
same Countye or by his or there deputie." [5.A*., xx, 50.] 

22. Whereas there was heretofore a reference made from 
the Sessions unto Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt., Jas. Bysse and Joseph 
Rattle, Esquires, or two of them for the examining of witnesses 
in a cause of complaint against John Pearce, of Midsomer 
Norton, concerning his selling of ale and his unfitness ; and Sir 
Thos. Bridges and Mr. Bysse have since certified that he is 
a very fit man ; and therefore the said Pearce was in open court 
at Ivelchester now twelve months past licensed again to sell ale : 
Notwithstanding that, there have since been taken from him 
by distresses the sum of fifty shillings, and the said Pearce 
convented before Francis Baber and Barnaby Lewes, Esquires, 
and by them bound over to this Sessions : It is now ordered 
that a new examination of all the several differences and mis- 
deamours of the said Pearce which hath passed concerning him 
during the twelve months last past be again referred to the said 
Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt., Edward Popham and James Bysse, 
Esquires, the said Barnaby Lewis, Esq., to " wyne " with them if 
he will, and to certify the Court back again the next Sessions. 

[See Bridgwater Sessions, Orders No. 2 of this year 1615 ; 
S.R., xx, 49, 50.] 

23. Whereas there are now many differences between 
Edmund Dirrick of Ubly and others concerning diverse matters 
alleged against the said Dirricke : Ordered that the matter be 
referred to Francis James, doctor of the Law and one of the 
masters of the Chancery. Thos. Southworth and Jos. Rattle, 
Esquires, or any two of them, to order and determine the same, 
and further that the parties on both sides shall be bound in several 
obligations each to other to abide the award and arbitrament 
made therein. [6\^., xix, 99.] 



142 &omntfrt (Quarter ^r$$iou$ fttcortf*. 



24. Whereas Gregory Tucker of Bawdripp, a very poor man, 
hath obtained license from the lord of the manor with the con- 
sent of the tenants to erect a cottage for himself on a parcel of 
ground already granted for that purpose : Ordered that the said 
Tucker may erect a cottage for habitation, although there be 
not four acres of land laid unto the same according to the 
Statute. 



GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON, the 
nth, 1 2th, I3th and 1 4th days of July, 13 James (1615), 
before Sir Maurice Barckley, John Mallett, Hugh Smythe, 
Nicholas Halswell, John Windham, Edward Hext, Thomas 
Phelipp, Knts., John Powlett, Edward Rogers, Thomas 
Warr, John Francis, John Trevelian, John Symes, Edward 
Popham, John Maye, James Bysse, Thomas Brereton, Robert 
Cuffe, and Barnaby Lewis, Esquires. 

i. Whereas at this present Sessions great complaint hath 
been made by Hugh Ball against John Fawkner, gent, for that 
they being joint-tenants or tenants in common of a certain 
messuage and farm in Charlton Mackrell, yet for thirty years 
and upwards the possessors and that from whom the said 
Fawkner claimeth have made partition of the grounds and 
" howseinges " of the said farm and each party hath known his own 
from the other ; that the said Ball hath upon his known part 
used better manurance and husbandry than the said Fawkner 
and his predecessors upon his and their part have done, and hath 
also this present year sown many more acres of corn than the 
other. That the said Fawkner now upon the sudden meaning 
to defeat the said partition so long possessed in severalty and 
quietness, having eaten up all the grass upon his part, and 
mowed the other grass and converted it to hay, and securely 
possessed himself of the same, hath of late entered upon the said 
several grounds so long sithence divided and enjoyed by the 
said Ball. The Court therefore seeking therefore to provide for 
the preservation of the peace hath thought fit and doth order 
that Sir Edward Hext and Sir Thomas Phelipps, Knts., do take 



domerltt <&uartn* J^etfStonS S&ccortfg. 143 

such course that the King's peace may be preserved, and that 
the said Ball may secure his said crops, and that no spoil by 
beasts or other waste by Fawkner or his adherents or procurement 
may be suffered to be committed on that part of the premisses 
so enjoyed by Ball, nor by Ball on that part enjoyed by the said 
Fawkner to the best of their power until the law shall otherwise 
decide the same or such other order shall be taken. 

Ed. Hext, Nich. Halswell, Edw. Popham, Tho. Warre, John 
Francis, James Bysse, Christopher Preston, Tho. 
Southworth, Tho. Brereton. [.S.A*., xxii, 48.] 



2. William At this Sessions it is ordered that in regard 
Scorrier. the keeper of the gaol is suffered to keep in 

prisoners in the house of correction, that the 
said keeper shall allow unto the keeper of the house of correction 
twelve pence for every prisoner committed now at this Sessions 
out of his fees which he shall receive of the said prisoners for 
that the said keeper of the house of correction hath provided 
his house fit for the keeping of the said prisoners during the said 
Sessions. [S.R., xx, 68.] 

3. Whereas Thomas North was at this Sessions bound over 
to appear upon suspicion of killing his wife about twenty years 
sithence, who was only accused by one Moyses Warren without 
any proofs at all, between whom are many suits depending, 
whereupon it was conceived to be followed maliciously by the 
said Warren : Ordered that Sir George Speake, Sir Thos. 
Phelipps, Knts., John Powlett and Christopher Preston, Esquires, 
or any two of them, do examine into the matters concerning the 
death of North's wife as well as all the other differences between 
the said parties, and to take such course therein as they shall 
think fit, and to bind over either of them refusing to perform 
their order therein. 

4. The Muster Having received from our honourable Lord 

Master. Lieutenant a letter directed unto him 

from his Majesty wherein it doth not only 

approve of his " elleccion " of our Muster Master but also doth 

authorize him to take some present order for the levying of his 



144 ^omntftt (uavttr $Mttum* 

pay being fifty pounds yearly and the arrereages thereof, which 
letter his lordship having commended unto us his Majesty's 
justices of this county, and requiring us to levy the same as to 
our discretions shall seem meetest, and finding that he is 
" unpayed " of one hundred and twelve pounds, and that there 
is none so equal a course as to levy the same after a hundred 
rate, I wish you not to fail to levy within your hundred the sum 
of [ ], and the same to return unto me within these ten days, 
and hereof I require you not to fail as you tender his Majesty's 
service, and will answer the contrary at your peril. 

Fra. Popham, Maur. Barckley, Hugh Smyth, Edward Hext, 
Nicho. Halswell, Tho. Phelippes, John Windham, 
Francis Heale, Edw. Rogers, John Powlett, Tho. Warre, 
John Symes, Edw. Popham, Rob. Hopton, John 
Trevelian, Natha. Sty 11, James Byss, Robert Cuffe. 

5. Brewers in It is at this present Sessions ordered by the 

Taunton. Court that no Innkeeper or Alehousekeeper 
shall brew any beer or ale to sell again, but 
that they take the same from the now Common Brewers, vizt. 
Mr. Robert Hill, John Thompson, Tristram Gardner, and 
Nicholas Smalle, being allowed this Sessions, who are to make 
good and wholesome beer at three pence the gallon, to be spent 
now or to be keptstalle as the Innkeeper or Tippler will bespeak 
it, the said Brewers not exceeding the rate of three pence the 
gallon. And that every barrel or vessel shall be kept sweet and 
wholesome, aud to be marked on their heads how much they do 
contain. If any beer be brewed unwholesomely or otherwise 
defective, and not in the default of the drawer, that thereupon 
just complaint made to any one Justice of the Peace and 
approved and so approved as allowed by him, the Brewer shall 
receive the same back again and supply them with good and 
wholesome beer. 

Edward Hext, Tho. Warr, Christopher Preston, Tho. 
Brereton. 

6. On the petition of Margaret Thayer of Abbots " Ley " 
that she hath been married to her husband John Thayer for 
twenty-three years whereby he got all the living and mainten- 



145 



ance he hath, which he holdeth for his life only and hath thereby 
much increased his estate, yet notwithstanding he (by some ill 
imaginations and conceits against his wife by the setting on of 
some lewd persons) hath threatened to destroy his wife and hath 
sold away all his goods and let out the said living, whereby the 
said Margaret is by reason of her age in a miserable estate and 
had perished for want of food had not John Priest, who married 
her daughter, relieved her, he also not receiving part of the living 
promised to him on his marriage. Referred to Sir Edward 
Gorges, Knt, to examine the causes above specified, and to 
order and determine the same. And if John Thayer refuses 
to perform such order, to bind him over to the next Sessions to 
answer the premisses. [S.R., xx, I.] 

7. Petition of the overseers of the parish of West Coker that 
whereas Stephen Shackle the reputed father of the base born 
child of Isatt Foster, widow, is now by the persuasion of one 
Thos. Kinge of the same parish gone out of the country, whereby 
the said child is very chargeable to the said parish. Referred to 
John Powlett and Christopher Preston, Esquires, to examine the 
cause and to order and take course for the relief of the child, 
[S.R., xxii. 4. See Ilchester Sess., Order No. 12, 1615.] 

8. Licence for Thomas Orchard of Widcombe parish where 
he hath lived for twenty years, being a very poor man without a 
house to receive and succour himself his wife and children, yet 
hath the consent and goodwill of the inhabitants as appeareth 
by their certificate, to erect a cottage upon a plot of waste land 
provided he may obtain leave of the lord of the manor. [5.^., 
xxiv, ii, 13; xx, 63, 64.] 

9. Whereas there is a cottage already built in the parish of 
Greinton for one Samuel Hull, a very poor man, but of honest 
and good behaviour as appeareth by a certificate, who holdeth 
the same by copy of Court Roll. Ordered that the said cottage 
so built shall stand although there be not four acres of land laid 
to the same. [S.R., xix, I ; xx, 66.] 

10. On a petition by Johane Sibly that one William Hacker 
of Kingsbury shoemaker hath many ways abused his apprentice 

U 



146 g>ommiet (Quarter 



her son George, by extraordinary ill courses : Ordered that Sir 
George Speke, Knt, and Christopher Preston, Esq. shall examine 
and determine the same, the apprentice to stay with his mother 
until the said Justices have set down their order herein which 
the said Hacker in open court consented unto. [5.7?., xx, 65, 



11. John Wright the reputed father of the base born child 
of Martha Pirry is ordered to take away the child from the parish 
of Langford Budvyle and keep it, and further within a fortnight 
to give security to discharge the parish of all costs and charges 
incurred since the birth of the child unto this day and until he 
take it away, which charges are to be paid within one month. 

12. At this Sessions it is ordered that the examination of the 
cause touching the base born child of Katherine Woosdall wife 
of Henry Woosdall whereof John Burges is by her accused to be 
the father, and one John Bigges also charged by her for procur- 
ing her to free the said J. Burges from the said child by indirect 
courses, shall be committed to the hearing of Sir Maurice 
Barckley and Sir Thos. Bridges, Knts., Robert Hopton and 
Edward Popham, Esquires, or any two of them ; but all the said 
Justices to have notice given them of the time and place of the 
meeting by the -said Burges or Bigges ; arid further the Justices 
shall examine a supposed receipt of a felon by the said Burges 
and a cause touching the said John Bigges concerning the not 
executing of a warrant delivered to him by James Bysse, Esq. 
concerning the placing of the said K. Woosdall. [S.R., xxii, 1 1.] 

\See Ilchester Sessions, Order No. 6, 1615.] 

13. Order that the Churchwardens and Overseers of Wridg- 
lington [Writhlington] shall place and maintain Katherine 
Woosdall and her child until farther order be taken. 

14. Composition It is ordered that all the Composition 

Money. money out of the Western Division shall 
be paid as anciently it hath been paid, and 

that the four pounds which hath been usually paid out of the 
Hundreds of Whitley Cannington and some other Hundreds in 
ease of the Hundreds pf Milverton and the four western tithings 



<uart*r ^e&ltons! iftecortrg. 147 



for their charge of composition, which said four pounds is to be 
paid to the said Hundreds of Milverton and the four western 
tithings rateably after the rate of levying of men and money 
for other his Majesty's service by the Hundreds of Whitley 
and Cannington and the other hundreds as aforesaid, unless the 
Hundreds of Williton and Freemanors and the Hundred 
of Carhampton do show good cause to the contrary at the next 
Sessions. 

15. Ordered that all differences between the parishioners of 
Dowtlinge and one [ ] Hayward be referred to the 

hearing of Thomas Hughes and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, 
who are to order and determine the same before the next 
Sessions. 

1 6. Whereas there hath been and yet is a difference between 
the parishes of Mynehead and Weston touching the settling of 
one Elizabeth Tucker, daughter of Ralph Tucker, born at 
Weston : It is now ordered that the full hearing of the cause be 
referred to the next Sessions to be finally settled. 

See Wells Sessions 1615, Order No. 33. 

17. Ordered that Mr. John Maye, Nathaniell Still and Joseph 
Rattle, Esquires, or two of them, shall take order for laying the 
charge of keeping the base-born child of Joan Lewis and discharg- 
ing the parish upon John Coxe the elder of Sanford father of the 
reputed father of the said child, John Boyse and John Lusher of 
Uphill, for conveying away the reputed father until the same be 
brought back again. 

1 8. Upon a petition by Richard Longe of Taunton merchant 
that he is seised of and in one orchard and three acres of land 
called St. Poles adjoining to the Burrough of Taunton which he 
doubteth is not full four acres upon which he desireth to build a 
convenient house for habitation, and upon just respect by us 
conceived : We do order that the said Richard Longe shall 
erect and build a competent mansion and dwelling house. 

Franc. Popham, Edw. Hext, Nich. Halswell, Edw. Popham 
Tho. Warr, Jos. Symes, Tho. Southworth. 



148 ^omenfet (uarter^wWton* 



19. Order that Thomas Parsons of Middleseye, husbandman, 
father of Margaret the base-born child of Sid well Fysher do pay 
six pence weekly to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the 
said parish for the maintenance of the said child until he shall 
take and keep it, entering into bond with two sureties in the sum 
of twenty pounds for the true payment of the said weekly 
allowance ; and that the said Sidwell Fysher shall breed up and 
keep the child upon the weekly allowance. Made the 8th day 
of February, i6i4(-5). [S.R., xx, 6.] 

Nich. Halswell. Edw. Hext. 

20. Order that Joseph Androwes of Maperton, yeoman, 
having been found by the confession of Julyan Harte, and the 
testimony of divers credible and honest women to be the father 
of the bastard child of the said Julyan, do pay eight pence 
weekly unto the Collectors for the poor of the said parish upon 
every Saboth day immediately after Morning Prayer towards the 
sustentation and bringing up of the said child, from the day of 
the birth being the 9th of April ; that the said Julyan do 
continually breed up, foster and keep the said child until it 
shall be placed out : further that the said Jos. Androwes and 
Julyan Harte with one security do enter into bond in twenty 
marks to hold the parish harmless of all charges ; first day of 
May, 1615. [S.R., xx, 69.] 

Alex. Ewens. John Farewell. 

21. Order that Thomas Higdon of Shapwicke, tailor, being 
accused by Margaret Champion as the father of her base-born 
child, do pay sixpence weekly to the Overseers of the poor of 
Shapwick, to be kept in stock and employed according to their 
discretion for the relief, maintenance and education of the said 
child, until farther order be given : 

Item. Thos. Higdon shall become bound with two 
sufficient sureties to perform the said order. 

Item. Margaret Champion shall at her own proper costs 
keep and educate the said child, or presently put in 
security unto the Churchwardens to pay weekly towards 
the relief of the child six pence. 



(Suarttr Wtona Iform'te. 149 



Item. That this order shall continue until farther order be 
taken therein according to the Statute. [S.R. y xx, 
70.] 
Nich. Halswell. Edw. Hext Robert Cuffe. 

22. After hearing of the matter of bastardy alleged by Rebecca 
Moore of Huish Champflower touching her base born child 
against John Marsh the younger who hath confessed that he is 
the father : We do order that upon notice given to him of this 
our order he shall put in bonds with sufficient sureties to the 
churchwardens and overseers of the said parish will and 
sufficiently to maintain, sustain and provide for the said child. 

Item. We do order on the part of the said Rebecca Moore 
that she shall be forthwith committed unto the House of 
Correction in Taunton there to remain, be set to work 
and punished, according to the orders of the said house 
for one whole year according to the Statute : dated the 
6th of May, 1615. [S.R., xx, 89.] 

John Windham. John Trevelyan. 

23. Order that whereas John Trapnell late of Taunton, 
apothecary, appeareth by manifest proofs to be father of the 
base-born child of Johane Merrick, he do pay to the Church- 
wardens and Overseers of St. James (Taunton) the sum of 
twelve pence weekly for keeping the said child, and shall likewise 
pay eighteen shillings before the iQth day of this April next, 
which sum is manifestly provided to be expended for the relief of 
the said child. Further that the said Trapnell shall give security 
to the Churchwardens and Overseers to preserve this our order. 
[SJ?., xx, 88.] 

Tho. Warre. Tho. Brewton (sic). 



BRIDG WATER : GENERAL SESSIONS held the ipth, 20th, and 
2 ist days of September, 13 James (1615) Before Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Sir Edward Hext, Sir Francis Heale, 
Knts., Edward Rogers, George Luttrell, Edward Popham, 



150 



Thomas Warr, Francis James, Doctor of laws, James Bisse, 
Robert CufTe, Christopher Preston, John Maye, and Thomas 
Southworth, Esquires. 

1. Whereas an order was made that John Powell the reputed 
father of John the base-born child of Christian Middleton should 
pay to the overseers of North Petherton three pounds, which 
was accordingly paid ; and the said child is now well placed 
with Mr. Warre : It is now ordered that the overseers shall pay 
over the said money to Mr. Warre for the use of the said child ; 
and in regard they have had the money in their hands for sixteen 
years, the overseers shall pay for the money if two Justices shall 
think fit. [S.R., xxii, 19.] 

2. Ordered by the Court that William Pearce shall have 
licence to tipple until my lord chief Baron do take other order, 
and that the recognizance by him forfeited shall be respited. 
[S.R., xxii, 49.] 

3. Ordered that the case of the base-born child of Joan 
Crosse of Nettlecombe whereof John Chibbett is the reputed 
father shall be referred to the hearing and determining of the 
two next Justices in that limit, who shall also examine the lewd- 
ness of the said Joane as well touching the naming of another 
father for the said child as otherwise. 

4. Whereas there is now a matter in difference between 
Edward Wastfeild and William Lillywhite touching the tearing 
of a bond wherein the said Lillywhite and one W T ebbe stood 
bounden unto the said Wastefeild, for which cause the said 
Lillywhite hath been already bound over unto two Sessions : It 
is now ordered that the examination thereof shall be referred to 
Sir Hugh Smyth, Sir Edward Gorges, Knts., and John Maye 
and Francis Baber, Esquires, or any three of them, whereof the 
said Mr. Baber to be one. 

5. A letter to the Justices of Devon. 

Whereas one John Williames dwelling -at Nether Stowey, 
being charged to be the reputed father of the base-born child of 



15 



Anne Davy fled into your county of Devon, whereby one John 
North, who was bound for his appearance, is now chargeable 
with keeping the child ; and whereas the said North prosecuted 
the said Williames into your County, and procured a warrant 
from Mr. Walcombe, whereby the said Williames was 
apprehended and in the custody of John Soper constable of 
Chidly, who took his master's word for his being forthcoming, 
but the said Williames was conveyed away: Our desires unto 
you therefore that you will be pleased to give aid unto this 
bearer for the apprehending of the said Williames, or otherwise 
to take such course with the said constable that he may bring 
the said Williames to the next Sessions. 

6. Forasmuch as it hath been made manifest in open Court 
that Nicholas Hamon apprentice unto Thomas Ilverton of 
Taunton, weaver, hath been of late greatly abused by his master, 
and hath received small knowledge in his trade, whereupon he is 
inforced to reform unto his parents, who must return him or 
otherwise he must be utterly undone : We do hereby order him to 
be discharged of his apprenticeship and to take his benefit in 
preference with some other man who may better instruct him. 
Given at Bridgwater Sessions. 

Fr. Popham. Nich. Halswell. Tho. Warre. Ed. Popham. 

7. Whereas at the last Wells Sessions the question of the 
settlement of Elizabeth Tucker was referred to certain Justices 
who have found that her settlement is at Minehead in regard 
that her father was dwelling there at the time of her birth and 
three years 'before, and have therefore made an order accordingly 
unless the inhabitants of Minehead should show cause to the 
contrary before the next Sessions following the making of the 
said order : The said order is now confirmed and to continue 
until the Justices who made the order shall alter it. [.S.^., xxii, 

22.] 

8. Ordered that Katherine Wosdall shall be sent unto 
Hatchbury [Heytesbury] in the county of Wilts to be received 
and provided for in regard she was then last settled by the space 
of a year, 



152 Somerset (Quarter dt&lfontf i&erortte. 

9. Whereas Simon Ingram was at this Sessions indicted and 
found guilty for erecting a cottage and not laying thereto four 
acres of land according to the Statute, the Court notwithstanding 
hath thought it fit that Sir John Wyndham, Knt, and John 
Trevilian, Esq., together with the parishioners of Stogumber shall 
repair to the place where the cottage is built, and if they find 
that it may stand with conveniency and so return their answer 
at the next Sessions, then the said Simon is to be licensed by 
the Sessions for the inhabiting of the said cottage. [S.R., xxii, 
41.] 

10. Whereas there is a difference between the parishes of 
Crocombe arid Wivelescombe touching the placing as well as 
the settling of Agnes Hill now with child begotten at Crocombe, 
as is alleged, where she cannot be received : Referred to four 
Justices living nearest the two parishes, who shall examine 
witnesses and report to the next Sessions. [5.^., xxii, 25.] 



II. Composition Ordered that the four pounds now in 

Money. controversy between the Hundreds 

(Taunton Sess. 1615, No. 14) be paid 

to Sir Francis Popham this year for the relief of Milverton 
Hundred and the four western tithings, and that the examination 
thereof be referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell, Knt, Mr. Baber, 
Mr. Symes, Mr, Bysse, Mr. Brereton, and Mr. Still, or any four 
of them, to be examined ^by Taunton Sessions next. The 
Justices are to meet first at Wellington Thursday in Whitson 
week next, at Dunster Friday following, and so at Orchard then 
next following for the better informing themselves of the estate 
of the country. And if they do not meet and make a final 
order before the Taunton Sessions, then the next year the four 
pounds to be paid unto Sir John Wyndham and Mr. Luttrell or 
one of them for the relief of the Hundreds of Carhampton and 
Williton and Freemanors, if it be not ordered to the contrary at 
the Taunton Sessions. And if the Justices do not meet and the 
default of the meeting of the Hundreds of Carhampton etc., they 
are to lose the four pounds, and so with regard to Milverton 
Hundred etc., if it be their default, 



(uarter &t$3ion$ ifocortftf. 153 



12. Ordered that Edward Popham Esq., shall be the 
Treasurer of the maimed soldiers in this county for the year to 
come ; and that James Bysse and Robert Cuffe Esquires do take 
the account of [ .] 

1 3. Whereas on a petition from the inhabitants of Eddington 
the question of the settlement and relieving of three children of 
the widow Anne Welchman als Weeles was referred to certain 
Justices (as in the order) ; who ordered the three children to be 
sent to Badgworth where they were born : Now notwithstanding 
this order, upon good cause shown by the parishioners of 
Badgworth, it is thought fit that these three children be sent back 
to Eddington, when their mother now and by a long time hath 
inhabited, to be received and provided for, unless the parishioners 
of Eddington do show good cause to the contrary at or before 
the next General Sessions. [Ilchester Sess., 1615, No. 19.] 

14. Petition by Dominicke Fisher of Bridgwater that by a 
fire at Stogumber " the 2Oth of May last was twelvemonth " he 
hath sustained great loss and is driven into great necessity and 
want : Ordered that the Treasurer for the hospitals of the 
wester division shall pay to the said Fisher vi pounds, yi\\\sh. and 
iiijW., towards his relief when the same shall come into stock. 
., xxii, 32.] 



15. Licence for John Bulpaine of Dunwear in the parish of 
Bridgwater, who is a very poor man with great charge of wife and 
children without a house, and hath obtained leave from Edward 
Popham lord of the manor with the consent of the parishioners 
then to erect a cottage upon some waste plot of ground to 
build the cottage aforesaid without laying thereto four acres of 
land according to the Statute. [S.R., xxii, 44.] 

1 6. Whereas there is x pounds required by Mr. Dupper out 
of this county towards the furnishing of her Majesty with beer 
casks at Bath : Ordered that the Treasurer for the maimed 
soldiers shall pay the said sum, and this county to be freed from 
any farther charge of purveyance of casks for her Majesty. 
[S.R., xxii, 43.] 



154 J^otmrjlet (Quarter 



[Anne of Denmark in 1613 made a progress to Bath, where 
the Queen's Bath was named in her honour, and to Bristol 
whence she departed in tears saying that " she never knew she 
was a Queen till she came to Bristol." This journey was 
estimated by Chamberlain as likely to cost 3O,ooo/., D.N.B., I, 
435-] 



17. Licence for John Standfast labourer, of Hutton, where he 
hath dwelt for twenty-five years, but having a wife and child is 
destitute of a house, and hath obtained the consent of Sir 
Edmond Ludlow, Knt, and Nathanaell Still, Esq., lords of the 
manor and divers of the parishioners, to build a cottage with the 
said manor, the Statute to the contrary notwithstanding. [5.^., 
xxii, 13, 14.] 

19. Order made by Robert Cuffe and Edward Popham 
Esquires touching the relief of the base born child of Johane 
Williams late of Puriton, made the 2Oth of September, 1615. 

Firstly: as it appeareth from the accusation of the said 
Johane as by other circumstances and proofs that John 
Bishopp of Puriton, yeoman, is the father of the said 
child, he is ordered to pay viii pence weekly to the 
churchwardens and overseers for the necessary relief 
and maintenance of the said child and parish. 

Item ; he is to enter into bond with two sufficient sureties 
in the sum of x pounds for the performance of the order, 
the money to remain as a stock in the hands of the 
churchwardens, who shall be accountable for the same, 
for the sustentation of the said child. 

Lastly : the said Johane Williams shall her own self keep 
and maintain her bastard child as long as she shall be 
able ; and for her offence therein shall suffer punish- 
ment of whipping at Puriton until her body be bloody, 
and that the constable or tithyngman then shall do or 
cause to be done. [S.R., xxii, 12.] 

Ed. Popham. Robert Cuffe. 



(Suavter idtteion* ffocortf*;. 155 



20. John Bishop doth hold himself aggrieved by this order 
and at this present Sessions doth appear unto the Court for a 
remedy therein. 

[See Wells Sess. 1615-6, Order 39.] 

21. Order made by John Maye, Nathanaell Still, and Joseph 
Rattle, Esquires, touching the base born child of Johane Lewis 
of Hutton, spinster, and John Cox the younger of Sampford in 
Winscombe, husbandman. 

Imprimis. The said John Cox to pay viii pence weekly to 
the Churchwardens on Sunday after Morning Prayer, 
the money to be reserved for a stock to be raised for 
the said child. 

Item. The said Johane Lewis to keep the child herself, 
or else to pay twelve pence weekly to the Church- 
wardens. 

Item. For the punishment of the said Johane Lewis for 
that it appeareth that there was a contract of matri- 
mony agreed upon between the said parties and the 
" bands " of matrimony therefore published accordingly 
we therefore forebear to set down any order of 
whipping, but do refer her punishment therein to be 
censured by the ecclesiastical laws. 

Lastly. For the reputed father in that it doth not plainly 
appear but the confession of the mother that he is 
guilty of the said offence, we do likewise leave him to 
be censured by the ecclesiastical laws. [S.R., xxii, 

10.] 

John Maye. Joseph Rattle. 

22. Order made by Alexander Ewens and John Farewell, 
Esquires, concerning the bastard child of Margaret Perry, 
spinster, of which child one John Haway of Yarlington the 
elder, husbandman, is the father as by their voluntary confessions 
before divers honest persons doth appear. 

Inprimis. The said Margaret Perry shall keep the child 
until it shall be able to be placed in some fit and convenient 
service. 



156 &onur4et Quarto 



The said John Haway shall pay eight pence weekly unto the 
overseers of Charlton Horethorne upon every " Saboth " day 
immediately after morning prayer, to use and take such careful 
and charitable means whereby the child may be orderly used and 
brought up, and the inhabitants of Charlton discharged and held 
harmless. 

The said John Haway and Margaret Perry and either of 
them with one sufficient surety besides themselves shall enter 
into bond of xx pounds to the overseers for the performance of 
this order. Dated nth day of September, 1615. [S.R., xxii, 

53-] 

Alex. Ewens. John Farwell. 

23. Whereas divers trifling and small suits are now depending 
between Thomas Napper gent, of the one part, and Thomas 
Hopkins, late one of the hundred of Tintenhull, and divers others 
of the parishioners of Tintenhull of the other part, as well in this 
present Sessions as also in the Ecclesiastical Courts at Wells, 
whereby great sums of money are likely to be spent and wasted 
to the impoverishment of divers persons ; And for that all the 
parties made this present day humble suit unto this Court, that 
the said differences might by licence of this Court and of the 
Ecclesiastical Court be ended and determined in a quiet and 
peaceable course if it might be : 

It is therefore ordered and the Court was pleased to license, 
the said parties to make a final end of all the said small matters 
and controversies that doth not in any wise concern any title or 
interest of lands, tithes, or debts, and therefore by the consent of 
all parties this Court hath ordered that Sir Robert Phelips Knt, 
out of the parties own submission, shall make a final end of the 
said controversies (and by the consent of Mr. Doctor James, 
being present [in] court), if he may at certifie the court at the 
next Sessions to be holden for this county, what end he hath 
made between the said parties, whereupon the Court will take such 
course as they shall think fit for the causes now depending in 
this said court. And if the said Sir Robert Phelippes cannot 
make an end between them, the Court desireth him to certifie at 
the next Sessions in whose default the same is, and thereupon to 
proceed upon the Indictments. 



Quarter Jbtt&itmt tfofortte. 157 



SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS the pth, roth, i ith and i2th days of 
January, 13 James (1615-6), before Sir James Ley, Knt, 
Attorney of the Court of Wards and Liveries, Sir Maurice 
Barkeley, Thomas Bridges, Edward Hext, and John Horner, 
Knts., Francis James, Doctor of Laws, Robert Hopton, 
Thomas Hughes, John Farwell, Christopher Preston, 
Francis Baber, Nathanael Still, Barnaby Lewis, James 
Bysse, Thomas Simcox, and Thomas Southworth, Esquires. 

ORDERS. 

1. Whereas the Court is informed that Thomas Churchouse 
is the reputed father of two base-born children of one Mary 
Gibbes, and that John Byfield is the reputed father of a third 
base child of the said Gibbs, who, after the birth of the said 
child four years ago, immediately fled the country and hath 
forborne the same since ; and where also it is informed that by 
some lewd practice used by the said Churchhouse and others, 
one William Hext is accused to be the father of the two last 
born children, who has prayed that all the premises might be 
examined : Ordered that all the parties shall at some convenient 
time attend John Maye and Nathanael Still, Esquires, who are 
appointed to examine the same cause and to make such order 
as in their good discretion shall be thought fit. [S.R., xxv, 38.] 

2. Ordered that "in regard there was cause shown to the 
contrary by the parishioners of Edington " the three children of 
the widow Welchman, als. Weels, lately sent back from Badg- 
worth, shall be received, kept, and provided for at Edington, 
according to the former made at Bridgwater. 

[The clerk has evidently omitted " no " before cause.] 

3. Whereas Richard Gellicombe standeth indicted and 
presented for a common tippling house without licence at 
Croscombe where he now dwelleth, and at Binder where he 
lately dwelt ; and for that he allegeth his house at Croscombe to 
be an ancient inn, giving proofs which were not sufficient to give 



158 J&omer&t (Quarter 



the Court due satisfaction : It is referred to Robert Hopton and 
Thomas Southworth, Esquires, to call before them some parish- 
ioners of Croscombe to examine whether the house be an ancient 
inn or not, and also to examine touching his tippling without 
licence at Binder, and to certifie the Court at the next Wells 
Sessions how they find it, binding over the said Gellicombe and 
such as give evidence therein to the said Sessions. 

4. On the petition of John Sealy of Spaxton, subscribed by 
Mr. Powell and others the inhabitants there, that he has had 
great losses by reason of a fire which consumed his house and 
all his goods : It is ordered that the Treasurer of the Hospitals 
of the Western Division shall pay him five pounds towards his 
relief and maintenance of himself and his family. [S.R., xxiv, 
", 35-] 

5. Whereas complaint hath been lately made unto some of 
the Justices that John Sheppard als. Blewitt and Edward 
Gallway the elder for some abuses by them done in levying of 
money upon and by the estreats of the County Court book, 
whereupon they were bound over to the good behaviour and to 
appear at this present Sessions; and for that the said John 
Sheppard with Edward Gallway the younger and John White 
were at this Sessions indicted for the unlawful taking and 
driving of seven kyne of William Wotton for the levying of 
certain forfeitures and amercements estreated against the said 
Wotton out of the County Court (as they allege), whereby they 
justify the taking of the said kyne : It is now referred to Francis 
James, doctor of the law, and Thos. Southworth, Esq., to examine 
the said causes, including that of two other kyne distrained from 
Richard James by the same authority, and to order what and 
how much money shall be taken of the said Wotton and James 
if they shall find the amercements to be according to the Statute, 
and if otherwise then to bind over all the parties which were at 
the doing thereof to the next Sessions. 

6. Order that Richard Arnold als. Taylor shall be released 
out of prison, for that he hath " layon " there above a year, and 
cannot find sureties in respect of his poverty to discharge the 



159 



parish of a base-born child whereof he is father ; and farther 
that he shall be no more troubled for the same offence unless he 
shall be found to be sufficient and of ability. 

7. Order that Walter Younge may erect a cottage at Othe in 
the manor of Aller upon" a plot of ground 80 feet in breadth and 
1 20 feet in length, late in the tenure of one Fort, widow, if he 
procure licence from the lord of the manor, although he do not 
lay four acres of land thereto according to the Statute. 

8. Whereas there was an order made at the last Sessions at 
Taunton to allow Thomas Orchard to build a cottage at 
Witcombe, as he had obtained the consent of the inhabitants 
given in a certificate now in Court, conditionally upon obtaining 
licence of the lord of the manor since obtained, which order 
some of the inhabitants do refuse to be bound by, alleging that 
they were compelled to that certificate as appeareth by another 
certificate : Ordered that Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt, Edward 
Popham, and James Bisse, Esquires, shall examine this cause and 
take order therein ; also examine whether the Court were abused 
by any of the certificates, and bind over the guilty parties. To 
certifie at the next Sessions how they find this cause to be. 
[S.R., xxiv, ii, 12, licence of Hughe Sexey ; No. 13, order of the 
Court ; No. 14, inhabitants' complaint ; final order, xxv, 98.] 

9. Another order (confirming one made at Wells 1614-5, 
No. 6), on Thos. Ingham of Compton Dando for the maintenance 
of the base-born child of Margaret Oddams. [5.^?., xxiv, ii, 26.] 

10. Forasmuch as William Newborne hath in open court 
confessed his fault for hunting in the park of Lady Stallenge, 
being formerly convicted upon an indictment and judgment 
given, in which it was ordered amongst other things that he 
should be bound to the good behaviour for seven years ; and 
John Marshfield, gent, also prosecuted for Lady Stallenge, having 
informed the Court that he hath given satisfaction, and that 
therefore he is contented that Newborne shall be released of his 
good behaviour : The Court doth order that the recognizance 
taken accordingly shall be made void and discharged. 



160 ^onuttJet (wartev ejtoml 



[Lady Stallenge was Florence, widow of Christopher Kenn 
of Kenn, and wife of Sir Nicholas Stallenge (pb. roth Jan., 1605, 
M.I., Kenn), of Yatton : Coll. Ill, 592, 617.] 

u. Order that Robert Hopton and Edward Popham, 
Esquires, shall examine Henry Woodsall (when he can be found) 
touching his wife's base-born child, and if they think fit to bind 
him and one Burge over to the next Sessions. 

12. Whereas there have been several orders made for the 
placing of Katherine Woosdall both in Wriglington in this 
county and in Hatchbury in Wilts., notwithstanding which 
orders she cannot be received in either place and is like to 
perish, wherefore the Justices examining the cause openly in 
Court this Sessions did order that the said Katherine shall be 
placed in Wriglington, there to be relieved if she be impotent, 
and if not then to be set on work ; and if they shall refuse to 
receive her, then Edward Popham and James Bysse, Esquires, 
shall examine the cause, and if they think fit, bind over the 
parties refusing to the next Sessions. 

13. Ordered. that in respect Anne Goldinge is a young 
woman and well able to work for her living, and her father a 
man of good ability, that she shall have house room provided 
for her by the inhabitants of Woolley ; or if there be no house 
to receive her, that her father do erect one for her there, which 
if he refuse to perform, that Robert Hopton and Edward 
Popham, Esquires, may call him before them to order and 
determine the same. [S*R., xxiv, ii, 23, 39.] 

14. Whereas Richard Hollway was bound by recognizance 
to appear at this Sessions, and hath presented a petition that 
there are sundry executions against him in the sheriff s hands, 
so that if he should appear he would be arrested, which would 
tend to his utter undoing : It is referred to Robert Hopton and 
James Bisse, Esquires, to send for the said Hollway and examine 
the cause of his binding over, and thereupon to take order 
therein. [5.^., xxiv, ii, 22.] 



(Quarter ^estetonsi i&ecorfcjl. 161 



15. Order that the Treasurers of the Hospitals shall forth- 
with pay over unto the Under-Sheriff the sum of forty shillings 
already due unto the Marshallsey, and nine shillings more due 
for charges through their neglect in payment thereof. 

1 6. Whereas the Jury of the Hundred of Bempstone do 
desire that some of the tipplers in the parish of Wedmore might 
be suppressed, for that they are too many, being six in number, 
and they account one or two to be sufficient : Ordered that the 
Justices of the same limit do examine who are the fittest men to 
be tipplers and to licence them, and to suppress the rest. 

17. Upon good cause shown it is ordered that Thomas 
Maggs shall go back again from Pill where he now dwelleth to 
Lovington where he hath formerly for a long time dwelt ; yet 
he may make his best profit and benefit of his house in Pill, so 
as he doth not place above one tenant or household in the said 
house ; and if the parishioners of Lovington shall refuse to 
receive him, that the next Justice within that limit may bind 
over such as do refuse to the next Sessions. [>SJ?., xxiv, ii, 37.] 

1 8. From the petition of Dorothy Webbe and Thomas 
Tayler of Langridge it appeareth that the said Tayler about 
two years past bought of Mr. Lawrence Waldron of Langridge 
a little cottage for three lives, but cannot yet have possession for 
four years, during which time it was formerly set, by reason 
whereof the parishioners of L. will not suffer him and his wife 
in the meantime to inhabit in the parish, although the 
said Dorothy Webbe is ready to give the parish sufficient bond 
to discharge them of any charge that may happen : Referred 
to Robert Hopton and James Bysse, Esquires, to examine the 
cause, and order and to determine the same. [5.^., xxiv, 
ii, 30.] 

19. Whereas a petition hath been presented from the church- 
wardens and overseers of the poor of Chewton, that George 
Cowper, Esq., who enjoyeth the tithes and profits of the 
parsonage of Chewton, and Mr. Anthony Eaglesfield, vicar of 
the parish, refuse to pay their share of the poor rate : Referred 

y 



1 62 ^omertftt (Quarter 



to Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq., to order 
and determine the same, and to take course therein according 
to the Statute. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 33.] 

20. Whereas one Alexander Gunham, a poor maimed soldier, 
hath hitherto had a yearly allowance of forty shillings, by which 
said payment he is not able to relieve himself in respect of his 
many wounds, whereby he is enforced to crave a greater allow- 
ance : It is therefore ordered that the Treasurer for the maimed 
soldiers shall henceforth pay him the sum of three pounds by 
quarterly payments, so as the said Gunham do never again 
require a greater allowance, on pain of forfeiture of the said 
three pounds. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 48.] 

21. Whereas John Willis of Rodney Stoke has appealed 
from an order made by John Maye and Joseph Rattle, Esquires, 
requiring him as the reputed father to contribute to the relief 
of the base-born child of Johane Jennings : It is referred to be 
examined at the next Sessions for that the said order is not yet 
certified in this Court. 

22. Ordered that the estreats of the County Court book 
during Sir John Horner his year shall be examined by Francis 
James, Doctor of the law, Thos. Hughes and Thos. South- 
worth, Esquires, or any two of them. 

Sir John Horner was sheriff 1616-7. 

23. On a petition preferred by William Lane that he hath 
lived for twenty years in Stoke Rodney without being chargeable 
to the parish, but now having received some hurts in his limbs 
is not able to work, whereupon the overseers have carried him to 
Draycott in the parish of Cheddar, and have laid him in a small 
cottage, whereof they allege he owneth one-third part, which is 
but four feet or thereabouts in breadth ; and on another petition 
by the overseers of Cheddar : Ordered that the overseers of 
Stoke Rodney shall forthwith fetch back Will. Lane to their 
parish, when with his wife and child he shall be received, kept, 
and relieved (in respect he hath for so long time dwelt there) 
until they do show good cause to the contrary. [../?., xxiv, ii, 
10, 25.] 



(Quarter jdt&&ion& Jtieou'tteL 163 



24. On a petition from the parishioners of Keynsham that a 
bridge called Downe bridge in the said parish is very founder- 
ous and much fallen in decay to the great danger of all people 
travelling over the same : Referred to Sir Hugh Smith and Sir 
Thos. Bridges, Knts., Edward Popham, Francis Baber, James 
Bysse, and Will. Capell, Esquires, or any four of them, to 
examine and see whether the said town, or the hundred, or part 
of the same, are to repair the said bridge, and thereupon to 
order and determine the same according to the Statute. [S.R., 
xxiv, ii, 34.] 

25. Whereas the parishioners of Midsomer Norton have 
alleged that William Panter, son of William Panter, the reputed 
father of the base-born child of Katheryn Fryn, has been 
conveyed away by his said father to avoid discharging the parish 
of the cost of the said child, whereby they have had to maintain 
the child since the birth thereof : Ordered that Sir Thos. Bridges, 
Knt., Francis Baber and Edward Popham, Esquires, shall call 
before them the said Will. Panter the father and cause him to 
bring his son to give security, or else give security himself ; and 
if he do refuse, then to bind him over to the next General 
Sessions. 

26. Copy of an order made at Wells, 6 James [1608-9]. 
Whereas the Court hath been credibly informed that the 

inhabitants of Somerton are much overburdened with impotent 
and distressed poor people, as the said town and parish cannot 
relieve and maintain without their over great and intolerable 
charge ; in consideration thereof the adjoining parishes of Long 
Sutton, Kingsdon, Awler, and Yevelton shall each pay twenty 
shillings to the overseers and churchwardens of Somerton by 
the collectors of the poor of the aforesaid parishes, the first 
payment to begin at the Feast of the Annunciation of our Lady 
next following. 

Edw. White, clericus pacis. 

27. Whereas complaint was now made that some of the said 
parishioners are behind in payment of the same, examination 
thereof is referred to Sir Edward Hext, Knt M who is to call 



164 $oimi'&t Quarter 



before him such as are or shall be behind in their payments, and 
bind them over to the next General Sessions. 

28. On a petition from the inhabitants of Salford that they 
have many poor that want houses, and two poor widows, 
the one having six small children and the other five, who do 
want houses : Ordered that the house already built for the relief 
of the poor within the said parish shall be enlarged and built 
bigger, according to the discretion of the overseers and other 
the parishioners, and that they do make an equal rate for the 
same upon the inhabitants according to their abilities and 
estates. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 42.] 

29. Order that Robert Poole of Cud worth shall pay unto 
Henry Gullocke 53^/2. and 4</. at Lady day next. 

30. Forasmuch as by a letter subscribed by Sir William 
Waad, Knt, Muster master general of England, it appeareth 
that Anthony Rosewcll hath served as a soldier in sundry 
services, as may appear also by a certificate under the hands 
of several captains under whom he served, whereby he hath 
received many wounds and is maimed in one hand : Ordered 
that the said Anthony shall have ten pounds allowed him by the 
Treasurer of the maimed soldiers, so that he doth not at -any 
time hereafter procure a yearly payment or pension out of this 
County ; and if so, then this ten pounds to be deducted out of 
the said yearly pension. [vS.^., xxiv, ii, 29.] 

[For Waad, see D.N.B., Iviii, p. 401, where this office is not 
mentioned.] 

31. Whereas one of the churchwardens and the overseers of 
Weston near Bath have placed one Alice Nevil, a widow with 
child, in a cottage built upon parcel of the demesnes of Weston, 
without the consent of John Kerrie, Esq., holder of the demesne 
by Letters patent of the late Queen Elizabeth, as appeareth by 
a petition now preferred to the Court : Ordered that the view 
and examination of the premises shall be referred to Sir Thos. 
Bridges, Knt., Robert Hopton and James Bysse, Esquires, to 
take such course as shall seem to them requisite. [5.^., xxiv, 
', 47, 49-] 



(Ohtarter ^es$tonsl J&mirBs. 165 



32. Whereas William Godfrey did serve as a soldier in the 
time of the late Queen's Majesty, in which service he received 
divers hurts and maims in his body, by reason whereof he cannot 
maintain himself, his wife and family, as appeareth by a letter 
from Sir Will. Waad [see order No. 30 above] : Ordered that he 
shall be allowed him a yearly pension of forty shillings quarterly 
by the Treasurer for the maimed soldiers, the first payment to 
commence at this Sessions. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 44.] 

33. On the petition of the parishioners and overseers of 
Horsington that there is a base-born child of Frances Codd, 
supposed to have been born at Horsington, but by the confession 
of the said Frances on her death-bed, born at Cucklington ; now 
by reason of some doubt of the place of the birth of the said 
child, that it may be referred to two of his Majesty's Justices 
next adjoyning : Ordered that the settling of the child shall be 
referred to John Farwell, Barnaby Lewiss and W T ill. Swanton, 
Esquires, or to any two of them. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 45, 46.] 

34. Licence for Thomas Watts of East Pennard to build a 
cottage on a small plot of ground which he hath purchased, 
although he is not able to lay four acres of land thereto, in 
consideration that he hath lived sixteen years there. [S.R., 
xxiv, ii, 32.] 

35. Whereas Sir Richard Coxe, Knt, Clerk of the Green 
Cloth, directed his warrant unto the constables of the Hundred 
of Brewton for the providing of twenty carts for the Queen's 
Majesty's service whiles she was at Bath, and the constables 
have sent unto the tithings of Brewham and Redly nch for so 
much money as was before by them paid, according to a,n equal 
rate made by consent of the whole hundred ; yet notwithstanding 
the said tithings are behind in payment : Ordered that Sir 
Maurice Barkele, Knt., and Robert Hopton, Esq., shall make a 
rate for the payment of the said money, and shall certify their 
proceedings therein to Sir Richard Coxe if the money so assessed 
be not then paid. [S.R. y xxiv, ii, 36.] 

See note to Order 16, Bridg water Sess., 1615. 



1 66 &omer4*t Quarter 



36. Upon a petition of Nicholas Yeomans, a poor man who 
is a " musitian " dwelling with his wife and- children in Hutton, 
and hath lately travelled to the house of one Marten, and other 
places not above two or three miles from Hutton, to such 
persons as have sent for him, and did in short time return home 
orderly again, for which he is now like to be dealt with according 
to the Statute of Rogues and Vagabonds, which to avoid he hath 
left the said parish : The Court conceiving the said Yeomans 
not to be within the compass of the said Statute hath ordered 
that the said Yeomans, upon his submission to Mr. Still, be no 
farther troubled for the said matter by the constables, tithing- 
man, or other officers. 

37. On a petition by Robert Warre that he did rent a 
tenement of one Thomas Attway of Weston in Zoyland, where 
he hath dwelt this nine yeares, till now the said Attway was 
ordered in the manor court to remove him by a [certain] day 
then given under pain of five pounds, whereby he is destitute of 
a house, and is constrained to lay his goods in a neighbour's 
barn where they are in danger of stealing : Ordered that the 
said Warre shall abide in the said house according to his 
agreement, and the said Attway shall not be distrained for any 
amercement in the said manor court. [5j?., xxiv, ii, 31.] 



38. Whereas there is now a difference between the inhabitants 
of the tithing of Castle Cary and the parishioners of North 
Cadbury touching the payment of tithing rate, vizt. for military 
expenses and suchlike, for which the inhabitants of Castle Cary 
would have the occupiers of certain grounds in Foscum to join 
with them, but the inhabitants of North Cadbury do deny in 
respect it hath always been joined with their tithing : Ordered 
that they who enjoy the grounds in Foscum aforesaid shall join 
with Cadbury for military and muster expenses as formerly, and 
with the tithing of Castle Gary as they have in like manner 
formerly done until good causes be shown to the contrary. 
[S.R., xxiv, ii, 40.] 

39. Copy of a warrant to the officers of Puriton. 

Whereas John Bishop of Puriton refuseth to pay the sum of 
eight pence weekly towards the support of the base-born child 



(Quarter ^e&tfons Meoirtos, 167 



of Johane Williams on an order by Edward Popham and Robert 
Cuffe, Esquires : These are therefore in his Majesty's name to 
will and require you and every of you to whom it shall appertain 
that upon receipt thereof you bring, or cause to be brought, him 
the said John Bishop before one of his Majesty's justices, then 
and there to give sufficient security for the said order, which if 
he shall then refuse to perform, that then he may be committed 
by the said Justice to the King's Majesty's Gaol until he perform 
the same. And hereof fail you not as you will answer the 
contrary at your peril. 

40. On a complaint by Agnes Singer that whereas about two 
years since she had certain broadcloth stolen out of her tucking 
mill, part of which was found in the house of Katherine 
Broadshawe and Johane Broadshawe, for which they were bound 
to the next gaol delivery, whereupon they are since fled out of 
the country ; yet they have commenced several actions against 
the said Agnes for the cloth, which actions she believeth to be 
maintained by one Mrs. Baynard wife of Mr. Captain Baynard, 
in respect she hath in behalf of the said Katherine and Johane 
offered for money to end the said suits : Referred to Robert 
Hopton and James Bysse, Esquires, to confer with the said Mr. 
Baynard and his wife touching the same, and to determine it if 
they can, and if they cannot end it; then to certifie the Court 
thereof; and also to call before them one John Davies of 
Wanstrowe and, if they find cause, to bind him over to the next 
Sessions for not serving a warrant directed to him as constable 
there for the apprehending of the said Johane ; and moreover to 
examine some abuses offered to the said Agnes and others by 
Richard Phelippes and Wm. Allen for taking of extraordinary 
fees as bailiffs for the arresting of the said Johane and Katherine. 
., xxiv, ii, 41.] 



41. On a complaint of Thomas Morris of Hynxstridge that 
he is overcharged and rated towards the relief of the poor, more 
than others of his worth and ability : Ordered that he shall not 
be compelled to pay above four shillings yearly, according to a 
former order made by some of the Justices upon a reference 
heretofore made unto them for the same purpose, and that the 



1 68 &omer!et (Quarter 



Justices now dwelling in the said limits do not grant or make 
forth any of their warrants to distrain for more than the four 
shillings by the year. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 54.] 

42. On a petition by Robert Burges, late constable of the 
Hundred of Keynsham, that during the time of his said office 
he did disburse certain sums of money for the Queen's Majesty's 
provision at Bristol and Bath, and at her removal from thence 
according to the command of the Clerk of the green cloth ; and 
that he cannot procure the inhabitants of Keynsham Hundred 
to make a rate whereby he may be paid : Referred to Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Knt, and Francis Baber, Esq., to make the 
rate and also to bind such as refuse to pay the said rate to the 
next Sessions, or otherwise to certify their names unto the said 
Clerk of the green cloth. [S.R., xxiv, ii, 43.] 

43. Whereas at the last Sessions [Bridgwater, No. 23] there 
was an order made that the causes then depending between 
Thomas Napper of the one part and Thos. Hopkins, Ambrose 
Bishop, John Trott, Nicholas Hopkins, Thos. Hopkins his 
brother, John Weaver, Zacary Rice, Nathanael Davye, John 
Ostler, John Wilkins the elder, and John Priddle the younger, 
of Tintinhull, should be referred to Sir Robert Phelippes, Knt., 
to end and determine ; and whereas he hath not made any end 
between the parties : Ordered, on the humble suit of both 
parties, that Sir Robert Phelippes and Sir Edward Hext, Knts., 
shall determine and end all the differences, and that the said 
Thos. Napper and Thos. Hopkins on behalf of the other parties, 
shall enter into bond each to other now presently before the end 
of this present Sessions in the sum of one hundred pounds to 
stand to, abide, and keep the award ; the said judgement so to 
be made by the first of April, to be certified unto this Court. 

45. An order made by George Luttrell and John Trevilian, 

Esquires, at Old Cleeve on 3rd day of January, 1615-6, for the 

relief of the base-born child of Elizabeth Praunce of Mynehead, 

of which John Blake of the same parish is the reputed father. 

Imprimis. After a full hearing we do order the said John 

Blake, being a very poor man, is only charged by the 



(Quarter &t$$ion$ SHetm-fts. 169 

said Elizabeth to be the father and who in our opinion 
hath been faulty in that kind, to pay six pence weekly 
to the churchwardens and overseers of Mynehead for 
the relief of the said child, the payment to begin from 
the birth of the child until he be bound apprentice ; the 
father to enter into bond with sufficient sureties to the 
overseers for the due performance of this order, or 
otherwise he be committed to the common gaol of this 
county there to remain without bail or mainprise until 
he perform our said order. 

Item. That the said Elizabeth do her uttermost endeavour 
to maintain the child without charge unto the parish, 
otherwise she be brought before us to be committed to 
the house of correction of the county there to be 
punished and set on work during one whole year ; and 
for her corporal punishment that she be openly whipped 
at the " foord " within the said parish of Mynehead to- 
morrow next being Thursday in the afternoon. 

Lastly. That this order shall continue until further order 
be taken in open Sessions. 

The above named John Blake hath entered into bond with 
sufficient sureties. [S.R., xxiv, i, 46.] 

George Luttrell. John Trevelian. 

46. An order made by John Frauncis and Humfrey 
Windham, Esquires, at Wyveliscombe the third of November, 
[1615], according to the statute made in the eighteenth year of 
Queen Elizabeth, for the base-born child of Margaret Browne, 
late of Wellington, of which child it fully appeareth that 
Thomas Chaplyn of Wellington is the reputed father. 

First. The said Thos. Chaplyn shall pay six pence for each 
week since the birth of the child to the said Margaret 
within one month from the date of this order. 

Secondly. He shall pay eight pence weekly from the above 
date until the child be able to get her living. 

Thirdly. This payment shall be made on Sunday after 
Divine service in the forenoon to the churchwardens of 
Wellington at or upon the Communion table in the 



1 70 ^otwrset (uarttt 



church, to be paid unto the said Margaret as long as 
she shall keep or find the child. And if she shall 
fortune not to keep it, then to be paid to such as do 
keep it. 

Fourthly. The said Margaret if she fortune not to keep the 
child, shall pay six pence weekly unto the churchwardens 
for the child. 

Finally. For his and her corporal punishment which by 
virtue of the said Statute is to be inflicted ; that the 
said Thomas within one month upon some Sunday 
after divine service ended in the forenoon in the 
churchyard at Wellington before the whole congrega- 
tion, then and there assembled, openly and publickly 
confess his said fault ; and if he fail, then to answer 
his contempt at the next General Sessions. And that 
the said Margaret shall be forthwith openly whipped. 
[S.R., xxiv, i, 45.] 

The parishioners have subscribed that he hath given security 
to discharge the parish. 

John Frauncis. Humfrey Windham. 

47. A similar order to the above, made by the same Justices 
on the I /th November, 1615, in regard to the base-born child of 
Christopher Boobyer of Kittesford, and Mary Roe of Langford 
Budville. 

The reputed father is to pay two pence to the date of the 
said order, and four pence afterwards, which sum is to be paid by 
the mother if she fortune not to keep the child herself. 

Finally. It is ordered for his and her corporal punishment 
that he and she shall severally upon one or several Sundays 
within six weeks of this order in the churchyard of the several 
parishes wherein he and she now dwell before some competent 
number of the better sort of the said parishes confess and 
acknowledge their fault and offence, with asking the forgiveness 
of God for the same, protesting they are sorry for it, and will 
never therein offend again. And if he or she shall fail therein, 
that he or she shall be openly whipped. [S.R., xxiv, i, 47.] 

John Frauncis. Humfrey Windham. 



(Quarter j$t&&iQ\\$ UUrortte. 171 



48. Order by Sir John Wyndham, Knt, and John Trevelian, 
Esq., touching the base-born child of Agnes Mullis of Chipstable 
of which William Sedgeborowe is the reputed father. 

Upon hearing of this matter of bastardy and the 
circumstances thereof with the allegations and proofs on each 
side it appeareth very probable unto us that the said William 
Sedgborowe is the father of the child ; and we do order him 
henceforth at his own proper costs and charges to keep and 
maintain the child. 

On behalf of the said Agnes we do order her to be forthwith 
committed to the house of Correction at Taunton, there to 
remain, be punished, seen, and set on work during one whole 
year. 

This order to remain until further order be taken either at the 
next General Sessions or by us. [5.7?., xxiv, ii, I.] 

John Wyndham. John Trevelian. 

49. List of the jurors within the hundreds of Frome, 
Winterstoke, Kilmersdon, Keynsham, and Chewe, who did not 
appear upon summons, and were fined five shillings each. 

List of those summoned on the grand jury and did not 
appear : Elizeus Lacy of Rowberrow, gent. ; Percival Pacye of 
Bleadon, gent. ; Richard Gay of Newton St. Lowe, gent. ; Richard 
Walrond of Langridge, gent. ; Robert Jones of Corston gent. ; 
Thomas Blanchard of Batheston, gent. ; fined forty shillings 
each. 

From the outgoings of the lands of the parishioners of 
Cannyngton, i$sk. 4</., also from St. Mary Magdalene in 
Taunton, losk ; Puriton, losk. ; Wollavington, losh. ; Car- 
hampton, losh. ; From the lands of the inhabitants of the 
hundred of Williton and Freemanors, los. ; from the parish- 
ioners of Brushford, losh. ; from the inhabitants of the hundred 
of Carhampton, iosh,, from the parishioners of the parish of 
Withiepoole, iosk.\ from the parishioners of the parish of 
Winsford, losh. 

Bartholomew Michell, knt, sheriff. 



172 Jtomer&t (uarttr 



SESSIONS HELD AT IVELCHESTER the igih (seg.) days of April 
14 James (1616), before Sir Robert Phelipps, Sir Nicholas 
Halswell, Sir Edward Hext, Knts., John Paulett, Thomas 
Warr, Robert Hopton, Christopher Preston, William 
Swanton, Thomas Southworth, and Barnaby Lewis, 
Esquires. 



ORDERS. 

1. Ordered that the difference between Mr. Will. Rendall, 
Thomas Slade, Ellis Collins, and Richard Rocke of Closeworthe, 
touching a bond detained by Slade, Collins and Rocke from 
Rendall, contrary to a former order of this Court, be referred to 
Sir Robert Phelipps for examination and ordering. [5.7?., xxv, 
89, 90, 91.] 

2. Whereas complaint hath been made by Hugh Atwell of 
Glaston that Thomas Danyell and Robert Danyell of Glaston 
do keep and harbour in their houses Alice the daughter of the 
said Thomas and now the wife of the said Hugh, contrary to the 
good will of him the said Hugh, as well as two kyne promised 
in part of his wife's portion and divers other goods which 
were the said Hugh's before his marriage : Referred to Thos. 
Southworth, Esq., to send for all the parties on both sides, 
to examine the causes, and to determine the same if he can ; 
but if not, to certify the Court at the next Sessions how he 
findeth it. [S.R., xxiv, i, 12.] 

3. Whereas there was a former reference made at Ivelchester 
Sessions last concerning the differences between Edmund 
Dirricke of Ubley and Henry Rodford and others ; and though 
the said Dirricke tendered his bond of 200/2'. according to the 
said order, the others refused to enter into bond, as appeareth by 
a certificate from the justices appointed to hear and determine the 
same : It is now ordered that the same differences shall be 
referred to Thos. Southworth and Joseph Rattle Esquires to hear 



173 



and bind over the parties each to other, and to certify at the next 
Sessions what they shall do therein, and in whom any default 
shall be. 

[Ilchester order 23 ; 1615 ; S.R., xxiv, i, 13.] 

4. On a petition from John Davyes of Litton that whereas 
he procured a warrant from Sir Henry Mountague and the 
Justices of Assiscs for the taking of one Thos. Hippisleye for 
some abuses by him committed whereby the said Thomas hath 
been taken, since which time one Henry brother of the said 
Thomas hath given out speeches that he will kill the said Davyes 
and run him through with his sword whereby he standeth in fear 
of his life : Referred to Sir John Horner, Knt, Robert Hopton 
and Edward Popham, Esquires, to send for the said Henry, aud 
if they shall find cause, to bind him over to the next Assises to 
answer the premises. [6^., xxiv, i, 19.] 

5. Whereas the order made at the last Wells Sessions (No. 
31) touching the settlement of Alice Nevell at Weston near 
Bath has been defeated by Mr. Kirry, and the Justices to whom 
it was referred have not met in consideration of their several 
occasions otherwise : The matter is now referred to Sir Thos. 
Bridges, Sir John Horner, Knts., Robert Hopton, Edward 
Popham, and James Bisse, Esquires, or any three of them, near 
unto adjoining in respect that many of the parishioners that are 
to give evidence therein are aged men and not able to travel far 
from home. [S.R., xxiv, i, 16; xxv, 97.] 

6. Leave for William Molome of Chilton Cantilo, who hath 
lived there for fifty years or more, and hath obtained permission 
from Mr. Parham, lord of the manor and the parishioners, to 
build a house on the waste land, although there be not four acres 
of land laid thereto. [S../?., xxiv, i, 25, 30.] 

7. Discharge of Stephen Ottes from his apprenticeship with 
William Dryer of Taunton, weaver, in respect that he hath not 
been taught his trade but kept at other work. 

8. Whereas there have been divers former references both 
from the Judges of Assise and from this Court unto Sir Maurice 



174 ^omentet (Quarter 



Barkeley, Knt, to examine certain differences between Richard 
Dibbens and John Petty and others concerning a forcible entry 
and divers orders made therein : It is now desired that Sir 
Maurice Barkeley would send for all the parties and examine 
who hath broken or refused to perform the last order made by 
the Judges of Assise. [.S.^., xxiv, i, 9.] 



9. The question of the paternity of the base-born child of 
Elizabeth Haynes begotten at Evill (Yeovil), but born in Dorset, 
which is altogether denied by Richard Grobham, is referred to 
John Powlett and Christopher Preston, Esquires, who are to 
certify this Court at the next Sessions how they find it. [5.7?., 
xxiv, i, 25a.] 

10. Whereas by a former order the inhabitants of Ilminster, 
in regard of their great losses by fire, are to receive by the hands 
of John Luffe ten pounds over and above twenty pounds which 
they have formerly received from the Treasurers of the Wester 
Division : It is ordered in respect of the within named Erasmus 
Pirry his losses, that the said sum of ten pounds shall be paid to 
him direct to his own use. [S.A*., xxiv, i, 26, 27, which is the 
Vicar's letter of commendation.] 

Nich. Halswell. Ro. Phelipps. Robert Hopton. 

Tho. Warre. Christopher Preston. Tho. Southworth. 

11. Upon a petition from the overseers and churchwardens of 
Walton, licence is granted to John Lyde, if he can obtain leave 
of the lord of the manor, to build a house there without four 
acres of land. [S.R., xxiv, i, 29.] 

12. Upon a petition from the inhabitants of Chilton Cantilo, 
William Marsh, inhabitant there for ten years, who hath obtained 
the leave of William Parham, Esq., lord of the manor, licence is 
granted to enable him to build a house on the waste without 
four acres of land. [S.R., xxiv, i, 28, 31, 32.] 

13. On a petition of the chiefest of the inhabitants of Chard 
that there are many tipplers who do all brew their own beer by 
reason whereof they doubt that wood and other fuel will in short 



Quarter &t&$itm& Jfocartte. 175 



time become very scarce and dear, and whereas there is such 
strong drink brewed that drunkenness and much other incon- 
veniences doth thereby ensue so that God is much dishonoured 
by reason thereof: Ordered that one Richard Munday of Chard 
shall from henceforth be licenced as a common brewer, and that 
he only and none else shall brew beer and ale to be sold in the 
said town, according to the Statute. [.S./c*., xxiv, i, 34, 35.] 

14. Whereas by a letter from Sir William Wade and by a 
certificate from the parishioners of Holcombe, it appeareth that 
William Strong hath done good service to her late Majesty in 
the wars whereby he hath lost the use of one arm, and that he is 
a very poor man with a wife and five small children : It is 
ordered that he shall have five marks yearly from the Treasurer 
for the maimed soldiers, the first half-yearly payment to be made 
at this present Sessions. [S.R., xxiv, i, 36, 37.] 

15. Whereas Christopher Taylor gave his word unto the 
parishioners of Trent and to Mr. Gerrard of the same place that 
William Taylor, the reputed father of the base-born child of 
Margaret Hibdich, that he would either marry the said Margaret 
or else discharge the parish, yet notwithstanding the said 
Christopher was bound over to this Sessions : It is referred to 
Sir Robert Phelippes, Knt., and Alexander Ewens, Esq., to 
examine and take such course as they shall think fit. 

See Taunton Sess. 1616, No. 24. 

I5a. Bastardy order not completed, see No. 19. 

1 6. With reference to the order made at Wells 1615-6, No. 26, 
concerning the contributions to be made by certain parishes 
towards the relief of the poor at Somerton being 360 in number, 
a petition hath been presented by the overseers of Somerton that 
the inhabitants of Long Sutton do utterly refuse to pay ; and 
that Mr. Prenie, gent., having lately purchased the parsonage of 
Somerton of the yearly value of 300/2'. and being indifferently 
taxed to pay %sh. monthly, doth refuse to pay and threateneth 
the overseers that if they do distrain him he will make them 



176 ^omrr^ct (Quarter &t*sion* 



spend 40/2.. And the inhabitants of Long Sutton have also 
preferred a petition that they have to relieve daily to the number 
of 60 poor whereof 16 fell to the parish this year being fatherless 
children, and 80 more that have neither house nor anything else 
but their hands to relieve them ; and that the rates to relieve 
their said poor are almost half as much more as in former times 
it hath been and yet will not be sufficient : It is now referred to 
Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward Hext, Knts., to examine 
and order if they can whether the said parish of Long Sutton 
shall continue to pay the taxation for the relief of the poor at 
Somerton or otherwise be freed thereof, and also to order the 
said Mr. Prenie to pay the monthly rate if they can, but if not to 
certify the Court at the next Sessions how they find it. 
[Somerton petition, S.R., xxiv, i, 24 ; Long Sutton petition, 
., xxiv, i, 23.] 



17. Order made by Sir Trios. Bridges, Knt, and Francis 
Baber, Esq. 

Imp. That John Bush of Temple (cloud), the reputed 
father, do pay ten pence weekly to the overseers of the 
poor of Cameley for the relief and maintenance of 
the poor, until the child be able to earn his own 
living. 

Item. That Margery Webb, the mother, shall keep the 
child herself, if she shall be thought fit, without 
receiving anything for the same ; and if she refuse to 
pay six pence weekly. And both parents to put in 
sufficient assurance to the overseers by bonds with 
sufficient sureties for the performance of this our 
order. 

Item. The said Margery Webb for her further punishment 
shall be by the officers of Cameley stript naked from 
the middle upwards, and whipt until her back be 
" bloudy " two several times : the first a.t Pensford 
the next market day, the second at Cameley the 
Monday then next following. [5./L., xxiv, i, 33.] 

Thomas Bridges. Fra. Baber. 



(Quarter j$e$$i(m$ 3&ecorlf(. 177 



1 8. Order taken by the undersigned the 24th of February, 

1615(6). 

Inpr. John Barnard of Puriton, the reputed father of the 
child, shall pay six pence weekly to the churchwardens 
and overseers of Puriton for the relief of the child. 

Item. The said J. Barnard shall become bound by 
obligation with two sufficient sureties in the sum of ten 
pounds to pay the said weekly tax. 

Item. Christian Lambert the mother, shall by her own 
labours and industry keep, educate, and maintain her 
said bastard child : and for her offence herein and 
example of others, she shall be whipped from the girdle 
upwards, at Puriton aforesaid. [S.R., xxiv, i, 11.] 

Nich. Halswell. Frauncis Hele. Edw. Popham. 

Edward Rogers. Robert Cufif. 

19. Order that James Hooper of Merriott, yeoman, 
being the reputed father of the bastard man child of Mary 
Langdon of the same place, shall pay eighteen pence weekly to 
the churchwardens and overseers of that place until he do take 
the child and discharge the parish concerning the same. [S.R., 
xxiv, i, 10.] 

G. Speke. Jo. Poulett. 

20. Order made by the undersigned the 23rd day of January, 
1616. 

Imp. Thomas Blake, the reputed father, shall pay ten pence 
weekly to the churchwardens of Clyvedon, this money 
to be reserved for a stock to be raised for the child. 

Item. That Mary Gaynard, the mother of the child, shall 
keep the child herself without having any allowance out 
of the said stock, or in any way to be burdensome to 
the said parish. But if she refuse to keep the said 
child, then to pay twelve pence weekly. 

Item. Both the said parties shall put in sufficient sureties 
either by bond or otherwise for the performance of this 
order. 

2 A 



178 Stanur&t (SuarUr 



Item. For the punishment of the said Mary Gaynard as soon 
as she shall be able to travel abroad, she shall be brought 
by the churchwardens to the constables or tithyngmen 
of the parish of Clyvedon, and to be openly whipped in 
some convenient place, and this to be so done as it may 
be for example of others to avoid the like offence. 

Lastly. For the reputed father in that it doth not plainly 
appear but by the confession of the mother that he is 
guilty of the same offence, we do leave him to be 
censured by the ecclesiastical lawes of the Church. 

Hugh Smyth. Jos. Rattle. [S.R., xxiv, i. 6.] 

21. The return of John Maye and Nathaniel Still, Esquires, 
to an order of this Court made at Wells the 9th Jan., 1615(6), 
No. I (q.v.). 

After notice given to the parties to attend before us at 
Axbridge the I5th day of March, only William Hixe (in the 
former order Hext), and some with him appeared, but none for 
the other party, whereupon we examined such proofes as were 
then present, and do certify : 

Firstly. It appeareth by a warrant yet extant, under the 
hands of John Addams and Joseph Maye, Esquires, 
dated ipth Sept., 1618 (sic), that Thomas Churchowse 
was accused by Mary Guibes to be the father of two of 
her base-born children. 

Secondly. She about four years since accused one John 
Byfeeld of Mark to be the father of a third base child, 
whereupon she was called into the ecclesiastical court 
for the same, upon which the said Byfeeld fled, and is 
not yet to be heard of in these parts. 

So there hath been no question of these matters till about 
six months since, when Mary Guibes came to me, 
Nathanall Still, and accused William Hixe. 

Further, Francis, wife of George Guilling of Mark, deposeth 
that the said Mary Guibes said that she could not find 
in her heart to charge the said William Hixe any 
longer to be the father of her children. 

John Maye. Nath. Still. [S.R., xxiv, i, 5.] 



rter &twitm8 l&eoirttd. 179 



22. Order made by Sir John Windham, Knt, and John 
Trevelian, Esq., at Yeard the 8th of Feb., 1615(6). 

Thomas Trobridge, the reputed father, is forthwith to put in 
bond with very good securities to hold the parishioners of 
Nettlecombe harmless with regard to the base-born child of 
Mary Frost. 

The said Mary Frost shall be forthwith committed to the 
House of Correction at Taunton for one whole year to be 
punished, seen, and set on work. [S.R., xxiv, i, 3.] 

Thos. Trobridge hath put in very good security John 
Windham, John Trevelian. 

23. Whereas one John Feare, an impotent man, aged near 
70 years, was born at Chew, where he lived 30 years and served 
as a trained soldier ; then bought a little tenement at Cameley 
and lived there six years ; after that sold the tenement and 
returned to Chew, and was there entertained by his brother 
Walter, working for and with him as his partner at Mendip in 
leadworks, being maintained by him in diet, lodging, and timber 
for the said work, and had also the profit of his work until 
February last, when he was sent by Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt, and 
Francis Baber, Esq., by a warrant to the parish of Cameley from 
Chew aforesaid, as appeareth by a petition from the inhabitants 
of Cameley aforesaid : Referred to Robert Hopton, John Maye, 
Thomas Hughes, and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, to examine 
and determine whether the said John Feare shall be relieved at 
Cameley or otherwise, and to certify the Court at the next 
Sessions what their opinions are concerning the same. 



SESSIONS HELD AT TAUNTON the third and fourth days of July, 
14 James (1616), before Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Edward 
Hext, Sir Francis Heale, Knts., Thomas Warr, John 
Frauncis, John Symes, Edward Popham, Francis Baber, 
Thomas Brereton, Robert Cufte, Christopher Preston, 
Joseph Rattle, and William Capell, Esquires. 



180 ^ommtet Quarter 



1. Upon complaint made by divers inhabitants of Martock 
that Richard Clarke, gent, and Alice Hurde, widow, deny to pay 
towards the relief of the poor for certain grounds called 
Hammerkes, and upon pregnant proof that the possessors of 
these grounds have paid during forty years sithence ; and upon 
evidence that Sir Edward Phelippes, knt, late Master of the 
Rolls, had made an order on William Hurde, late possessor of 
the said grounds, to pay a taxation then raised : Ordered that 
the said Richard Clarke and Alice Hurde shall forthwith pay all 
arrerages of the taxation, and all other to be imposed upon 
them with the rest of the parish of Martock. [5.J?., xxv, 86.] 

2. Whereas William Phelipps als. Tayler of Pitmister hath 
been bound over to appear at two several Sessions for publishing 
vile, unseemly, scandalous, and untrue speeches against one 
Mary Gill of Pitmister ; for which on his open acknowledgement 
of the same in Court he was ordered to make public confession 
and to ask forgiveness of the same in the parish church on 
Sunday next at Morning Prayer ; which if he shall refuse to do 
or shall do not sincerely but after a scoffing manner, then he 
shall be bound over to the next Sessions to answer his neglect 
and contempt. 

3. Whereas one Edward Jones of Taunton was disabled of 
his licence as tippler by Thomas Warr and Thomas Brereton 
for his misdemeanours therein ; now in respect he hath been 
unlicensed for three years, and hath tendered very sufficient 
sureties for keeping the articles of a tippler, he shall again be 
licensed as long as he shall keep himself and his house in good 
order, and no longer. [S.R., xxv, 79.] 

4. On the petition of Ursula Coxe, widow, that she hath 
heretofore dwelt in Kingston Seymour in good estate, until by 
reason of the inundation of the sea in all that country she lost 
all her estate to the value of 80/2'. and upwards, by reason of 
which she was enforced to depart to her father at Curry Mallet, 
where she was born, and there continued with him four years, 
and three years since his death ; yet now the inhabitants will 
not permit her to inhabit there, whereby she hath of late been 



(Quarter &t$$ioii Sfttrortis!. 181 



forced to " lie " in the open streets in great extremity of thunder 
and lightning : Referred to Sir George Speke, Sir Thos. Phelipps, 
Knts., and Christopher Preston, Esq., to order and appoint where 
the said Ursula Coxe shall be settled and provided for. [5.^., 
xxv, 71.] 

5. Whereas before this time it appeared unto us by letters 
from Coronell Cycell, late general in the warres in the Low 
Countries, that Francis Northover, gent, was prest into the said 
wars, and did good service there for many years, in which he 
received a " maihme." We do therefore grant unto him the 
annuity or yearly pension of ten pounds, to be paid quarterly by 
the Treasurer of the maimed soldiers. 

Francis Popham, Nich. Halswell, Robt. Phelipps, Tho. 
Phelippes, Edw. Hext, Francis Heale, Edward Popham, Joseph 
Rattle. [SJt. y xxv, 70.] 

Colonel Sir Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon, grandson 
of Burghley, " achieved a high reputation for valour and conduct." 
[D.N.B., ix. 395.] 

6. Whereas by a petition preferred to this Court by the 
inhabitants of Edington at the Ilchester Sessions 13 James 
(1615, No. 19), the question of the placing of three poor children 
was referred to certain justices, who made an order that they 
should be transferred to Badgworth ; and whereas at the last 
Bridgwater Sessions (1615, No. 13), on good causes shown by 
the inhabitants of Badgworth, it was ordered that the said three 
children should be sent back to Edington, unless the inhabitants 
should show good cause to the contrary at or before the next 
Sessions, which from want of notice (as they allege) they did 
not do ; but as they have moved the Court at the present 
Sessions, and both parties have been heard, the original order is 
now to be carried out ; but for that the mother with the said 
children went into " Walls " from Badgworth and there continued 
about one year, and then returned back again and were received 
at Edington ; whether the mother and children so returned 
from " Walles " were as vagrant persons or as poor people is not 
by any direct proofs made known unto the Court : Ordered that 
the inhabitants of Badgworth shall at the next Sessions make it 



1 82 &onuirget (Quarter 

appear how the said mother and children were taken when they 
came to Edington, and if they then fail therein that the original 
order shall stand irrevocable without altering. 

This was confirmed at Bridgwater, next Sessions, No. 6. 

7. Walter Mugleworth is at this Sessions " idable " to be a 
Tipler, and his licence and articles taken from him. [S.R., 
xxv, 57a.] 

8. It is ordered that Sir Hugh Smyth shall send for John 
Goslett and suppress his Alehouse. [S./?., xxiv, i, 8.] 

9. On a petition from William Lonye that Robert Vyninge, 
in consideration of his great poverty and age, about three years 
sithence bestowed a small plot of ground upon him for three 
lives to enable him to build a cottage thereon, which he hath 
done ; but of late the said Vyninge hath been admonished to 
avoid the said Lonye from his cottage unless he can add four 
acres of land thereunto, which on account of his poverty he 
cannot do: Ordered and desired that Barnaby Lewis and 
William Swanton, Esquires, will take order therein according 
to equity and conscience. [S.R., xxv, 3.] 

10. Whereas John Aishe hath been bound to the peace at 
the instance of Robert Merefield and to appear at this Sessions ; 
and for that it now appeareth that there are many differences 
depending between the said parties : They are referred unto 
John Powlett and Christopher Preston, Esquires, to examine and 
to certify at the next Sessions how they find it. 

11. Ordered that William Ingham shall repair unto Francis 
Baber, Esq., within a fortnight of this Sessions to perform an 
order made for the discharge of Compton Dando from the 
keeping of a base-born child, whereof Thomas Ingham his son 
is the reputed father, and conveyed away by William Ingham ; 
and to bring a certificate thereof from the said Mr. Baber, and 
then to be discharged of his recognizance. 

12. Whereas Robert Pirry, William Martin and Robert 
Verier of Killsdon (rectius Lillsdon) within the Hundred 



Quarter ^e3Jum$ 3ft*covte. 183 



of North Curry were by the Constables of the same Hundred 
appointed on Monday night last to watch according to the laws, 
and whereas the said watchmen were about eleven of the clock in 
the same night disturbed and much abused, by Henry Fivian, 
Thomas Lumbard, John Musgrove, and William Gibbs in most 
contemptuous and rude manner, as by a petition more plainly 
appeareth. Ordered that examination thereof shall be referred 
to the two next Justices thereunto adjoining, who may bind over 
the said parties to the next Sessions if they find cause, or other- 
wise determine the same. [5.7?., xxv. 65.] 



13. Upon a petition from the inhabitants of Salford (Saltford), 
that they have been for a long time taxed to a yearly payment 
of five shillings to St. Thomas in Pensford in relief of their poor, 
and that they are much more burdened with poor people than 
they were formerly, and less able to pay the yearly taxation 
than the inhabitants of other parishes near adjoining not so 
burdened. Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges and Francis Baber, 
Esq., who shall call before them the inhabitants of Salford, and 
shall free them of the said taxation, imposing it upon other 
parishes, if they shall think fit. [S.R., xxv, 55.] 

14. Whereas Gyles Capell of Mudford hath by order paid 
eight pence weekly for the support of the base-born child of Mary 
Browne, whereof his son Thomas is the reputed father ; now he 
is discharged from the said order, in respect that he doth hence- 
forth keep the child himself, and give sufficient security unto the 
parishioners of Tintinhull, where the child was born, for the dis- 
charge of the said parish ; and it is further ordered that the said 
George (sic) Browne shall not detain the said child any longer 
but deliver him to the said Gyles Capell. 

15. Whereas question hath been made and trouble hath 
grown unto the inhabitants of Radington concerning the settling 
of Symon Burrage, a tailor, lately unlawfully received and 
sustained by Humfry Brownsford, miller, upon marriage had with 
Mary Sealy, his daughter-in-law of the same parish, whether the 
Mary ought to go with her husband. Upon certificate of Sir 
John Wyndham, Knt., and John Trevelyan, Esq., it is ordered 



184 &omtn*et (Quarter 



that the tithyngman of Radington shall convey the said Symon 
Burrage and Mary his wife to the parish of Upton and deliver 
them over to the churchwardens and overseers there, to be 
received, settled and set on work as poor people of the said parish, 
being the place where the said Symon had made his last abode 
for the most part of three years before the making of this order. 
[S.R., xxv, 32.] 

1 6. Certificate upon a former order for the four pounds in 
controversy between Carhampton and the four western tithyngs. 

According to an order made at Bridgwater 1615 (No. n, 
citing Taunton Sessions 1615, No. 14), we the undersigned on 
Thursday, 23rd May, called before us at Wellington the officers, 
constables, and inhabitants of Milverton and the four western 
tithings, when it appeared by the examination of many ancient 
constables and other substantial inhabitants that about 28 
years past when the Justices first compounded for this whole 
county with the officers of the Greencloth of the late Queen, 
it was ordered that Milverton and the four tithings should 
pay the sum of three oxen and three sheep, and the hundreds 
of Whitley, Petherton, Cannington, Andersfield, Huntspill and 
Puriton, should pay four pounds, in regard of the quantity of 
feeding and grazing grounds, towards the relief of Milverton 
(&c.). We farther received a particular of every parish showing 
the number of acres of grazing and feeding grounds, and found 
them to be very small ; and it appeared that the said ancient rate 
was paid without any contradiction the space of 25 years. We 
further according to the order met at Dunster and Orchard, and 
in our view did conceive that there was a good quantity of 
grazing and feeding grounds ; and the gentlemen of Carhampton 
did not meet according to the order. All which we do certify, 
conceiving that the four pounds in question should continue to 
be paid as in ancient times. 

Fra. Baber. Tho. Brereton. 

17. Order in accordance with the foregoing, unless the Justices 
of the other side do procure a meeting before Taunton Sessions 
next and give notice thereof to Sir Francis Popham, or at the 
said Sessions show very sufficient cause to the contrary, and so 



(Quarter ^rggtons i&eotrltt. 185 



make a final end and settle it as it was twenty-five years before 
together. 

1 8. Order that Robert Hixe of Newton St. Loe, who, having 
been chosen constable of the Hundred of Wellow at the last 
Law-day court, doth refuse to serve ; shall upon sight hereof 
come to the next court of the said Hundred and there be sworn 
for the execution of his office ; or otherwise be bound to the 
next Assizes. 

19. Whereas the inhabitants of the Hundred of Wellow 
complain that they are surcharged with the furnishing of twenty 
men for the trained company over and above their proportion : 
Ordered and desired that Sir Hugh Smyth and Sir Thomas 
Bridges, Knts., Robert Hopton, Edward Popham, John Maye, 
Francis Baber, and James Bysse, Esquires, or any four of them, 
shall examine the matter, and compose and end it, or otherwise 
to certify their opinions to the next Sessions ; and that all the 
said Justices have several notice of this order for the better 
appointing of them. 

20. Ordered that Humfry Windham and John Francis, 
Esquires, do make an order for the settling of the base-born 
child of Dorothy Winter, whereof Walter Wellarke of Laurence 
Lydeard is the reputed father. 

21. Whereas Thomas Macye of Winsham hath presented a 
petition subscribed by the most part of the parishioners 
and borderers of Winsham showing that the said Macye, his 
wife and five children were all born and' bred there, and ever 
behaved themselves very well, and by hard labour maintained 
themselves ; and now he is fallen lame and impotent ; he now 
asketh licence to build a cottage, already begun, on the waste, 
having obtained leave of Richard Meredith, Dean of Wells, 
lord of the manor : Ordered that he be licensed to erect the 
said cottage. And whereas it was alleged that one John 
Bynneye of Winsham openly opposeth himself and pulleth 
down the said building so set up : It is also ordered that if he shall 
molest any more the said Macye, he is to be bound over to the 
next Sessions to answer his contempt [S.R., xxv, 82, 83.] 

2 B 



1 86 $om*r**t (Quarter 



22. Upon complaint made that Nicholas Warren of Buckland 
(St. Mary) hath newly erected a cottage upon the forest side, 
which is suspected to be much prejudicial unto his Majesty's 
game in the said forest of Nerocke by harbouring and receiving 
disorderly and idle fellows. And for that the said Nicholas 
allegeth that it is an ancient dwelling house and no new erected 
cottage : Ordered that Sir George Speke, Knt, and Christopher 
Preston, Esq., shall view the said cottage and call such parties 
as they shall think fit before them ; and if they find it to be a 
new erected cottage contrary to the statute, that then according 
to the law they give order for pulling down the said cottage ; 
and if they find the said Warren obstinate, to bind him over to 
the next Sessions. 

23. Touching the settling of one John Feare (Ilchester 
1616, No. 23), Robert Hopton and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, 
on the 27th May held an examination where those of Cameley 
proved very sufficiently by several proofs whereby they were 
satisfied both in law and conscience that the said Feare ought 
to be returned and settled at Chew as they hereby certify ; yet 
now on the allegation of Francis Baber, Esq., that neither 
Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt, nor himself were at the examination as 
was intended by reason of their absence from home, and chiefly 
that it is pretended that those of Chew have some other effect- 
ual proofs ; and upon Mr. Baber's promise that the matter 
shall be finally ended as it shall be ordered at the next General 
Sessions or before by the Justices named below, and that they 
of Chew shall repay to the overseers of Cameley sixpence per 
every week henceforth if the matter shall be so decided : Ordered 
that Sir Thomas Bridges, Robert Hopton, Thomas Southworth, 
or any two of them, shall meet at Chewton shortly after the next 
Assizes, settle the said Feare, and certify to the next Sessions 
their doing or opinions in the cause. 

24. Order made on the 3<Dth of June, 1616. That Margaret 
Hebdich of Trent shall continually breed up, foster, and keep 
her base-born child until it can be placed to service. That 
William Taylor, woollen weaver, of Weeke, co. Dorset, the 
reputed father, shall pay eight pence weekly to the overseers of 



(Quarter $rt0um0 HUcortte. 187 



Trent every Sunday after Morning Prayer. That if the said 
Margaret will not keep her child, then she shall also pay the 
sum of eight pence weekly. That both parties shall give 
sufBcient security to the overseers for the performance of this 
order. [S.R., xxv, 46.] 

Ro. Phelipps. Alex. Ewens. 

See Ilchester Sess. 1616, No. 15. 

25. Whereas John Gregory and Thomas Gregory have 
already been bound over unto two sessions for hunting and 
killing of deer in the Lady Montgomery her park, and that 
there was no prosecution against them at this present Sessions : 
It is referred unto Sir John Horner, Knt, and Robert Hopton, 
Esq., to send for the said parties, examine the said cause, to take 
such course therein as they shall think requisite, and to bind them 
over to the next Sessions if they shall think requisite. 

26. Order made on the 2/th of April, 1616. That Clement 
Vax of Merriott, husbandman, the reputed father of the base-born 
child of Anne Gilbart of the same place, shall pay four pence 
weekly to the overseers and churchwardens for the relief of the 
said child. That the mother shall receive the said four pence 
as long as she do keep it ; but if she refuse to keep it, then 
to pay four pence weekly. That the said Clement shall enter 
into bond for the performance of this order. [vS.7?., xxv, 44.] 

G. Speke. Jo. Powlett. 

27. Order made on the 8th of June, 1616. That Roger Hill 
of Estchinnock, yeoman, the reputed father of the base man 
child of Sara Bryant of Dolish, shall pay six pence weekly from 
the birth of the said child to the overseers of Dolish aforesaid, 
and shall enter into bond with sufficient securities for the due 
payment thereof; that the said Sara Bryant shall keep the child 
and receive six pence weekly. Lastly that the said Sara Bryant^ 
shall be openly whipped this present day in the market at' 
Ilminster. [S.R., xxv, 76, 85.] 

G. Speke. Jo. Poulett. 



1 88 J^omeirset (Quarter 



28. Whereas the overseers of Gamely on the i6th of May 
last convented the overseers of Midsomer Norton and Francis 
Mandrel I of Gamely before Francis Baber, Esq., concerning 
the removing of one John Mosley, long and of late time Vicar 
of Midsomer Norton, an aged, blind, impotent man, whom 
Fran. Mandrell hath received and doth retain in his house at 
Cameley ; and that Mr. Baber then made an order either that 
Mr. Mandrell should deliver the said Mosley to the overseers 
of Midsomer N. or else give good security to the overseers of 
Gamely to save the said parish harmless ; and whereas 
Mandrell hath not performed the said order, but allegeth that 
he hath tendered sufficient security which was not accepted. 
Ordered that he forthwith give sufficient securities in such sum 
as Fran. Baber, Esq., and Barnaby Lewis, Esq. (if he be of 
that division), who shall certify at the next Sessions their 
doings or opinions therein, that further order may be taken if 
need be. 

John Mosley was Vicar of M. N. 1578-1615. 

29. Order that if Richard Lewis of Dundry, Clerk, shall 
give sufficient security to the churchwardens of Hutton, for 
the discharge of the base-born child of his daughter Joane, 
for which John Coxe the younger was ordered to pay eight 
pence weekly to the overseers of Hutton aforesaid ; that then 
the sum of eight pence shall be paid to him. [S.X., xxv, 4.] 

30. Whereas there was a former reference from the Ilchester 
Sessions, 1615 (No. 23), concerning the differences between 
Edmund Dirricke of Ubley, and Henry Rodford with others, to 
Francis James, Doctor of the law, deceased, Thos. Southworth 
and Joseph Rattle, Esquires, to hear and determine the same ; 
and whereas at an appointed time and place both parties 
appeared, but Rodford with others refused to enter into bond 
according to the said order, as appeareth by a certificate of the 
said Justices : It is however thought fit to refer the said differ- 
ences again to Thos. Southworth and Joseph Rattles, Esquires, to 
hear and order the same, to bind over the parties each to other in 
sufficient obligations, and to certify at the next Sessions what 
they shall do therein, and in whom any default shall be. 



J*>omersrt (Quarter jtrtsitms 3&tcorte. 189 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT BRIDGE WATER the i/th, i8th, 
and I Qth days of September, 14 James (1616), before Sir 
Robert Phelippes, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Edward Hext, 
Sir Francis Heale, Knts., Edward Rogers, Thomas Warre, 
George Lutterell, Edward Popham, Nathanael Still, James 
Bisse, Christopher Preston, Thomas Brereton, and Robert 
Cuffe, Esquires. 

1. Ordered that the attachment made against Richard North 
of Ilmister for using the trade of a baker shall not be made 
until Ivelchester next. 

2. Order that the examination of the abuses and wrongs done 
unto Mrs. Crooch by one Richard Cottle be referred to Edward 
Popham, Esq., who shall bind over the said Cottle to the next 
Sessions if he see cause. 

3. Whereas there is a difference between the inhabitants of 
Glaston and the parishioners of Wilton touching the settling of 
John Coxe, son of Jerome Coxe, dec. : After hearing and 
examining the same, ordered that the said John Coxe shall be 
settled at Glaston, until the inhabitants do show cause to the 
contrary in open court. [5J., xxv, 19, 35.] 



4. Whereas Grace Ingram, the mother of a base-born child, 
was by Sir John Wyndham, Knt, and John Trevilian, Esq., 
committed to the House of Correction in Taunton, and there to 
be punished and set on work during the space of one year : It is 
now ordered that the constables or tithyngman where the said 
Grace dwelleth shall see her punished according to the effect of 
the order. 

5. Licence is granted to Robert Musgrove of West Monkton 
to erect two houses under one roof upon parcel of the waste of 
Richard Warre, Esq., to the use of the poor people of the said 
parish, vizt, to John Jeane and his wife and one Johane Warman 
during their lives. [Xft., xxv, 16, 28.] 



1 90 $om*r&t Quarter 



6. Whereas some difficulty hath arisen in regard to the 
levying of 50/2'. paid yearly unto Captain Samuel Norton, Esq., 
for his service of Muster-master within this county ; and 
whereas the Lord Lieutenant of this County is pleased to 
procure sufficient warrant for the levying which cannot instantly 
be done : Ordered that the Treasurer for the maimed soldiers 
shall for this time only disburse 50/2'. now due to the said Capt. 
Norton to be delivered again when the warrant has been 
obtained. [5.7?., xxv, 26, 56.] 

7. Whereas one John Palmer hath been sent from Tytherly 
in Hampshire to Barkely in this County, where he was born : 
It is now ordered that the said Palmer shall be sent back again 
to Tytherley, in regard he was there last set on work and 
settled as a covenant servant, when he became impotent. 
[S.R., xxv, 29.] 

8. Whereas upon the differences between the inhabitants of 
Martock and Mr. Richard Clark of Long Sutton, an order was 
made (Taunton Sess. 1616, No. i) : It is now again ordered upon 
full hearing thereof that the said Clark and Alice Kurd his 
mother-in-law do pay according to that order within a fortnight 
after this Sessions, or upon refusal to be bound to the good 
behaviour by Sir Robert Phelipps or Sir Edward Hext, Knts. 
[S.R., xxv, 52.] 

9. With reference to the differences between Long Sutton 
and Somerton touching the relief of the poor, and to Mr. Prenie's 
refusal to pay his proportion (Wells Sess. 1615-6, No. 26; 
Ilchester Sess. 1616, No. 16) : Ordered by the Court that Long 
Sutton and Mr. Prenie do pay all levies and arrerages until next 
Ilchester Sessions. 

10. Ordered that Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward Hext 
shall call before them Thomas Rugge and his wife, and to order 
them and set them at quiet, and if they find either of them 
unreasonable, to bind the refuser over to the next Sessions. 

11. After a hearing anew of the cause between the 
parishioners of Badgworth and Edington : Ordered that the 



(Quarter J^egstontf J&ecortttf. 191 



former order (Taunton 1616, No. 6) stand and be in force final 
and irrevocable. 

12. Whereas Roger Baker of He- Abbotts hath lost by fire 
40/2'., and is but a poor man with a wife and six poor children : 
Ordered by the Court that he do receive five pounds from the 
Treasurer of the Hospitals of the western division. [S.R., xxv, 
36.] 

Nich. Halswell, Rob. Phelipps, Ed. Hext, Fr. Heale, Thos. 
Warre, Nath. Still. 

13. Ordered that all the differences between Edward Riche 
and John Lucas be referred to the hearing of John Colles, Esq., 
and that he shall concord all matters between them if he can. 

14. At this Sessions Robert Cuffe, Esq., is elected Treasurer 
for the maimed soldiers for this year to come. 

15. Whereas the order made at the last Taunton Sessions 
(No. 15), concerning the settling of Symon Burrage and Mary 
his wife, at Upton, has not yet been carried out, the tithyngman 
of Raddington is now ordered to do so, and if the churchwardens 
and overseers of Upton do not at the next Sessions show good 
cause to the contrary, then the said Simon and his wife to 
remain there perpetually. [S.R., xxvii, i, 47.] 

1 6. Referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, 
Knts., and Edward Rogers, Esq., to order and appoint whether 
or no John Cavell with his wife and children shall be sent to 
Doddington, where he formerly lived for three years, and that 
his dwelling in the meantime shall not be prejudicial to the 
parishioners of Spaxton ; and farther that the order which they 
shall make shall be certified at the next Taunton Sessions. 

17. Referred to Sir Robert Phelippes, Knt, to end and 
determine all differences whatsoever now depending between 
Richard Alvyn of Drayton and Gartrude Hill. [S.R., xxv, 24.] 



192 ^omentet (Quarter 



1 8. Upon a certificate from the parishioners of North 
Petherton licence is granted to John Addams to build a cottage 
there on some part of the waste, upon leave being obtained from 
Edward Popham, Esq., though four acres of land be not laid there- 
unto. [S.R., xxv, 25.] 

19. Ordered that Thomas Warre and Thomas Brereton, 
Esquires, shall take course for the placing and settling of John 
Banell with his wife and children in Cotherstone, for that he was 
born and always dwelt there within the said parish. [S.R., xxv, 
21.] 

20. Upon good cause shown, it is ordered that Hugh Kerle 
and his wife shall be sent from Pawlett where they now remain 
to Othery where he was born, there to be settled and provided 
for continually, except the parishioners there do show cause to 
the contrary at the next Sessions. 

21. The opinion of the Court for the settling of poor people. 
The opinion of the Court is that wheresoever any man with his 
wife and children shall be lawfully settled and continue by the 
space of a year, and the husband then die, the wife and children 
shall be there settled continually afterwards. 

And when a man hath been in covenant or settled a year 
from the place of his birth, and if there he hath any mishap and 
then become maimed he shall then be relieved, and not sent to 
the place of his birth. 

22. Whereas the inhabitants of Montague have petitioned that 
they have received great losses by fire which Sir Robert 
Phelippes, Knr., dwelling in the same town doth value at seven 
hundred pounds ; the Court desireth the Justices of Peace in 
their several divisions will treat with the inhabitants in their 
divisions, persuading them to bestow their willing benevolence 
towards the relief of the said inhabitants ; and to cause to be 
returned to the next General Sessions such benevolence to be 
collected or to certify their doing therein. [5.^., xxv, 22, 
schedule of names and amounts.] 



(Quarter J^esgums Iftecortte. 193 



23. On a petition from William Gunnell that his son Robert 
was a year sithence bound apprentice for seven years to Thomas 
Coombes of Trucketts hill in Nunney, a musician ; but that the 
said Coombes being in debt hath left this County and gone into 
service, so that Robert Gunnell is left upon the charge of his 
father who is a poore Almes man in the Almes house of Wells : 
Ordered that the said Robert be discharged of his apprenticeship 
and be free to enter the service of another person. [5./?., xxv, 
30, 31-] 

24. Whereas Francis Maundrell hath not fulfilled the order 
made upon him at the last Taunton Sessions (1616, No. 28) : 
Ordered that within ten days of this order being shown to him, 
he shall convey John Mosley late Vicar of Midsomer Norton to 
that place, to be by the overseers of the poor settled and relieved ; 
and that the constables of the Hundred of Chewton shall if need 
be assist the said Maundrell. [^.^., xxv, 37.] 

25. 'Touching the settling of John Feare (Ilchester 1616, 
No. 23 ; Taunton 1616, No. 23), whereas Sir Thomas Bridges could 
not be at leisure to join in the examination thereof with Robert 
Hopton and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, unto whom it was 
referred ; now ordered that John Maye, Esq., may if he please 
join himself with the two others, and that they meet at Chewton 
to examine the cause, and to certify to the next Court their 
doing or opinions in the cause. [5.^., xxv, 37.] 

26. Ordered that the Composition shall hold, that Justices of 
Peace within this county shall take such course for the levying 
thereof in their several divisions as to them shall seem requisite 
and fit. 



27. Whereas Thomas Matchfield alias Harper of Mark was 
bound over to this present Sessions for divers misdemeanours 
and abuses as shown in certain articles : Ordered that Joseph 
Rattle, Esq., shall examine the truth of the said articles and 
shall make certificate thereof unto the next Sessions. 

2 C 



194 J&mnentet (Quarter &t$$ion$ 



28. Order made at Cannington the 2Oth of February, 1615-6, 
by the undersigned : 

Inprimis. That William Jenninges of Trull, husbandman, 
the reputed father of Joane Lacy the base child of 
Joane Lacy of Puriton, shall pay eight pence weekly 
the churchwardens and overseers of Puriton, from the 
birth of the said child until further order be taken. 

Item. That the said Jennings shall forthwith put in 
sufficient security as well for the payment of the said 
weekly charge as for the discharge of the said parish. 

Lastly. That the said Joane Lacy shall her own self keep the 
said child, and for the offence shall suffer punishment 
of whipping, and that the constables or tithyngman 
of Puriton shall do or cause the same to be done. [S.R., 
xxv, 39.] 

Nich. Halswell, Francis Hele, Edward Rogers. 

29. Order made at Old Clive the 3<Dth of May, 1616, by the 
undersigned. 

Inprimis. Whereas Richard Perry late of Tyverton, fuller, 
is the reputed father of the base-born child of Grace 
Ingram of Dulverton, he is to pay from the birth of the 
child to this present date four pence weekly ; from this 
present date for one whole year twelve pence weekly ; 
and thenceforth ninepence weekly until the said child 
shall be bound out as apprentice or otherwise provided 
for ; the money to be received by the churchwardens 
and overseers of Dulverton, and the said Perry to be 
bound with sufficient sureties for the performance of 
this order. 

Item. That the said Grace Ingram be brought before us 
by the constable of Dulverton to be committed to 
the House of Correction at Taunton to be punished 
and set on work for one whole year ; and afterwards 
pay the weekly sum of three pence for the better 
relief of the said child. 

John Wyndham. John Trevilian. 



(Quarter J^esgumtf l&ecorte. 195 



30. Whereas Daniell Diggenson hath been often bound over 
unto the Sessions for many misdemeanours which are supposed to 
be grounded upon certain differences between him and Gregory 
Grave and one Fawsit and Richard Parsons, and the said 
Diggenson being now again convented by the other parties, they 
did all desire that the said differences might be referred to Robert 
Cufife and Robert Brereton, Esquires, to end if they could : The 
Court therefore desireth them to examine the same accordingly. 
and the said misdemeanours, and to certify this Court at the next 
General Sessions how they find it. 

31. The cause now depending between the parishioners of 
Long Sutton and Somerton (No. 9 of this Sessions) is 
adjourned to the next Ilchester Sessions ; the parishioners of 
Long Sutton in the meantime to pay the arrerages and the rate 
previously made. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS the i4th, i5th, and i6th 
days of January, 14 James (1616-7) before Sir Robert 
Phelippes, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Thomas Bridges, Sir 
John Horner, Sir Francis Heale, and Sir Edward Rodney, 
Knights, Thomas Warre, John Maye, Edward Popham, 
Francis Baber, James Bysse, William Capell, William 
Swanton, Thomas Symcoxe, and Thomas Southworth, 
Esquires. 

1. Whereas the Keeper of the House of Correction at 
Taunton hath a yearly allowance of 20 marks for the setting of 
poor people on work, and that there is no other stock or -allow- 
ance : Ordered that he be paid 2O//'. yearly for this purpose by 
the Treasurer for the Hospitals of the western division ; and 
that a similar sum be paid to the keeper of the House of 
Correction at Ivelchester. 

2. Upon petition by the parishioners of Croscombe, Agnes 
Stone and her base-born child is to be sent to Shepton Mallett, 
to be there received and maintained. 



196 >ommfet Quarter 



3. Upon petition by John Hedges of Willmington that he 
hath by a fire lost 40/2'. : Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt, 
and Francis Baber, Esq., to examine the loss and certify the 
same at the next Sessions, when the Court will order what shall 
be allowed him. 

4. Upon good cause shown : Ordered that William 
Whitehead and his wife shall continue settled at Beckington in 
any house for their money ; and that the lord of the manor or 
overseers molesting or laying any charge on them shall be bound 
over to answer their contempt. And that such as have affronted 
Sir James Ley herein be bound to their good behaviour. [5.A*., 
xxvii, ii, 28.] 

5. Upon a certificate subscribed by some of the inhabitants 
of West Pennard : Ordered that Thomas Redwood, who hath 
dwelt there for seven years and now dwelleth in the house of 
Thomasine West, widow, for which she hath been by some 
complained or presented, shall continue in the same house, or in 
any other there that he can rent for his money. 

6. Whereas there is a difference between some of the 
parishioners of Weston in Zoyland and AndrewTllary, who hath 
always for the most part of his life time dwelt there, and now 
renteth a house, which is disliked by some for that he ought not to 
be settled there: Referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis 
Heale, Knts., and Edmund Rogers, Esq., to examine and order 
where the said Illary shall live, and to certify their opinions 
touching the same at the next Sessions. 

7. Whereas tne parishioners of Westbury hath petitioned 
that they may, not be charged with John Keene and his family 
in respect they have not been dwelling in the parish : Referred 
to Sir John Horner, Sir Edward Rodney, Knts., John Maye, 
Robert Hopton, and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, or any three 
of them, to examine and order where the said Keene shall be 
placed, or otherwise to certify their doing and opinion to the 
next Sessions. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 6.] 



Somerset g&uarttr >i&um0 3&tcor&g. 197 

8. On a complaint from the churchwardens and overseers of 
Congersbury that John Smythes, gent, of Wrington, hath placed 
in certain mills in Congersbury a poor old man and his wife, who 
they fear will become chargeable and therefore desire that he 
will give security or else remove them : Referred to Sir Edward 
Rodney, Knt, John Maye and Will. Capell, Esq., to examine 
and take such course as shall seem expedient. [5J?., xxvii, ii, 
32.] 

9. Whereas William Pitman, one of the overseers of Castle 
Cary, was bound by Mr. Ewens to this Sessions for not perform- 
ing of his office and for other misdemeanours, and thinking that 
Mr. Ewens was not in the Commission of the Peace did not 
appear : Referred to Sir Robert Phelippes, Knt, Robert Hopton 
and William Swanton, Esquires, or any two of them, to examine 
and take such course as shall seem requisite. 

10. Ordered that if it shall appear that John Seagar hath sold 
his pension which he had allowed him as a maimed soldier, that 
he shall be utterly put by and disallowed to have any pension ; 
but if otherwise then at the next Sessions to be ordered what he 
shall have. 

11. Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt, Robert Hopton, 
Edward Popham and James Bisse, Esquires, to examine the 
difference between Bath and Shepton Mallett touching the 
placing of Elizabeth Whittell and her child, and to take such 
speedy cause for present settling as shall seem requisite and 
just. 

12. Upon good cause now shown, it is ordered that Andrew 
Illary shall continue at Weston until further order shall be 
taken. 

13. Referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, 
Knts., Edward Rogers and Robert Cuffe, Esquires, to inquire 
again into the difference between Othery and Pawlett touching 
the placing of Hugh Kerle and his wife ; and to see whether the 
said Kearle (sic) became as a vagrant after he was put from 



198 J^ommtet (Quarter 



Pawlett or whether by the means of the parishioners there he 
became as a rogue or vagrant : and to order where they shall be 
settled. 

14. Whereas the Court is informed that Henry Weadon of 
Killmington is a very poor man with wife and family, without a 
house which he cannot afford to buy and for want thereof is 
like to " lye " in the open street, unless he may take some part of 
a house as under tenant, which Mr. Hargell lord of the manor 
will not give way thereunto : Ordered that Mr. Hargell shall 
suffer the said Weadon to take a house there for his money 
without molestation. [5.^., xxvii, ii, 10.] 

15. Ordered that the apprenticeship of Thomas Hill to 
Joseph Bithesea of Shepton Mallett, clothier, be cancelled though 
the term of seven years is not yet expired. 

Edw. Rodney. Robt. Hopton Jo. Maye. 

1 6. The cause of bastardy now in difference between 
Charleton Horethorne and Yarlington, is referred to Robert 
Hopton and William Swanton, Esquires, to take such course 
therein as they shall think fit. 

17. A final order touching the settling of John Feare in 
Chew. 

As it appeareth by two certificates made by Robert Hopton 
and Thomas Southworth, Esquires, wherein they stand satisfied 
that by law and conscience the said Feare ought to be settled in 
Chew ; as also upon the examination of the said Feare upon his 
oath confessing he had been maintained in Chew about 19 years 
(see Ilch., 1616, No. 23); also upon the production of the records 
in the Ecclesiastical Court under the Register, Mr. Edward 
Lewishe his hand, the first dated 1603 importing the presentment 
by the churchwardens of Chew of the said Feare for not 
receiving the Communion, the second in 1615 by the church- 
wardens of the said Feare for not coming to the church : The 
Court now orders the said John Feare to be removed from 
Carneley to Chew to be there relieved and maintained in 
charitable manner : Unless the said Robert Hopton and Thos. 



<uarter J^essumS JfiecortfS. 199 



Southworth, Esquires, shall before the next Sessions receive 
such proofs from the parish of Chew as shall make them alter 
their opinions. Lastly the parishioners of Chew shall pay to 
Cameley the six pence a week which they have paid to the said 
Feare since the second of June last according to the order made 
at Taunton Sessions. [.S.J?., xxvii, ii, 22.] 



1 8. On the petition of Phillipp Humfries that he hath a long 
time lived in the parish of Dunhead [Downhead] in a very poor 
cottage, which is now ruinated and fallen in decay, and he 
cannot replace and build it up again on account of his poverty : 
Desired that James Bysse, Esq., will call the parishioners before 
him to persuade them to procure a place for the said Humfries 
to dwell, and to certify at the next Sessions what he hath done 
therein. 

19. Memorandum that this present day in open Sessions .all 
matters in difference between Robert Bisgood and Robert 
Hullicke of Linge, by their mutual assent and assumpsit in an 
lOO/z. each to other, are referred to the award of Mr. Henry 
Chicke of West Newton and Thomas Bennett of Linge. 

20. Upon the petition of Richard Thorne, subscribed by the 
inhabitants of Sparkford, he is licensed to build a house there 
without four acres of land, seeing he hath obtained licence for 
the same of the Lady Rogers, landlady of the said manor. 

., xxvii, ii, 4.] 



21. The two orders made at Taunton (No. 15) and Bridg- 
water Sessions last (No. 15), concerning the removal of Symon 
Barrage with his wife and child, and after full hearing of both 
parties in open court, are again ordered and finally decreed. 
And if the churchwardens and overseers of Upton shall refuse to 
settle them, then the next Justices of the Peace in the same 
limit shall bind them over to the next Sessions to answer their 
contempt herein. [.S.A'., xxvii, ii, 9.] 



22. Alehouses. Ordered that the Justices of Peace shall 
between this and the next Assises advise and see what and how 



200 



many alehouses in their several limits are disorderly and fit to 
be suppressed, and thereupon to suppress them. And such as 
they themselves cannot lawfully suppress, to acquaint the Judges 
thereof at the same Assises, and [to procure] order and warrant 
from them to suppress the same. 

23. Upon a petition from the inhabitants of Stanton Drew 
that they are at present charged with a yearly payment of eight 
shillings for the relief of the poor of Pensford ; and that they are 
now charged with many far more great taxes and payments for 
the relief of their own poor people (who are much increased) ; 
and therefore desire to be relieved of the said payment : 
Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt., and Francis Baber, Esq., 
to examine the said cause, and to take such course therein as 
they shall think fit. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 18.] 

24. Whereas there was a reference from the Lords of the 
Privy Council unto the Justices of Peace, thereby willing and 
requiring them speedily to examine certain misdemeanours 
contained in an information preferred unto them by George 
Woolridge against Emanuell Sandis, Gent. ; whereupon the said 
Mr. Sandis was bound over to this Sessions and did appear, and 
the said Woolridge was willed to attend with his witnesses and 
made default therein : Ordered that Sir Thomas Phelipps, Sir 
Robert Phelipps, Sir George Speke, Sir Edward Hext, Knts., 
and Christopher Preston, Esq., or any three of them, shall call 
the parties before them, examine the said misdemeanours, and 
certify at the next Sessions how they find it. 

25. On a certificate subscribed by many of the inhabitants of 
the parish of Baltonsborough, who are lords of the manor, that 
they have with one assent given licence to William Sheppard, a 
poor man, to build a house upon some parcel of the waste : 
Ordered that the said Sheppard may erect the house which he 
hath already begun, although there be not four acres of land 
laid thereto. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 3.] 

26. On complaint from the overseers and churchwardens of 
Clutton that John Maggs the elder hath conveyed away John 



Quarter &t3itm$ Iftecor&g. 201 



Maggs the younger, his son, who is the reputed father of a 
bastard child, whereby the said child is like to be chargeable : 
Desired that Francis Baber, Esq. will bind over the elder Maggs 
unto the next Sessions, unless in the meantime he bring in his 
son to give security to the parish for the said child. [S.R., 
xxvii, ii, i.] 

27. Upon complaint by the parishioners of Kingston Seamor 
that there are 2,700 acres of ground therein, whereof 2,000 acres 
are enjoyed by strangers which dwell far distant ; by means 
whereof when any payment is to be made for the King's 
Majesty, it is more worth to gather the same than the money 
cometh unto. And further that there are many poor people 
there (by reason it lyeth against the sea, it being thereby subject 
to drowning) that are not of ability to discharge such payments 
and perform such service as heretofore: Ordered that all such as 
take to farm and hold any grounds therein shall answer the 
services and pay the duties due, or otherwise be bound over to 
the next Sessions. And it is referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, 
Knt. and Francis Baber, Esq. to examine the same and to set 
down an order which they shall certify to the Court at the next 
Sessions. [5.^., xxvii, ii, n.] 



28. Referred to Sir Francis Heale, Knt. and John Frauncis, 
Esq., to examine what losses [ ] of Lideard hath 
sustained by fire, who are to certify at the next Sessions, when 
the Court will appoint what he shall be allowed towards the 
said losses. 

29. Referred to Sir Maurice Barkely, Sir John Horner, Knts., 
Robert Hopton and William Swanton, Esquires, or any three of 
them, to see what pension or allowance William Barter of 
Henstridge is worthy to have, and to certify their opinions at 
the next Sessions. 

30. Ordered that Christian Lynton shall be now openly 
whipped, for that she hath a bastard, and hath often threatened 
to run away and leave it to the parish where she dwelleth. 
[S.R., xxv, 93.] 

2 p 



202 



31. An order made by Sir Thos. Bridges, Knt. and Frauncis 
Baber, Esq. Richard Sage of Stanton Drew, the reputed father 
of the child, is to pay ten pence weekly from the birth of the 
child until he can earn his own living. 

Elizabeth Webb of Stanton Drew, the mother, is to keep the 
said child without receiving anything for the same ; and if she 
refuse, to pay six pence weekly to the overseers and church- 
wardens. 

Both parties to give assurance to the overseers by bond of 
sufficient securities for the discharge of the said parish. 

The said Elizabeth Webb is to be whipt firstly at Pensford 
on the next market day after the publication of this order, and 
at Stanton Drew on the Monday next following. [5.7?., 
xxvii, ii, 42.] 

32. An order made by John Maye and Joseph Rattle, 
Esquires, dated 2/th November, 1615. 

John Willis of Rodney Stoke, husbandman, the reputed 
father of the child, is to pay six pence weekly from the birth of 
the said child until it can be put out. This money to remain 
for a stock for the placing of the said child. 

Joane Jeninges of Rodney Stoke, the mother, shall keep the 
child without having any allowance. And on her refusal, to pay 
twelve pence weekly. 

Both parties to enter into bond or otherwise to the best 
liking of the churchwardens and overseers for the performance 
of this order. 

The said Joane Jenings as soon as she shall be able to travel 
abroad, shall be brought to the next market town and openly 
whipped through the said town on the market day. And this 
is to be done as that it may be for the example of others to 
avoid the like offence. [5.^., xxvii, ii, 45.] 

33. An order made by Sir Frauncis Popham, Knt, and 
Humfry Windham, Esq., at Wiveliscombe, the /th August 
[1616]. 

Hugh Nott of Ashbrittle, the reputed father of the child, 
shall pay six pence weekly to the churchwardens, the said 



Quarter ea*umj| &ecorte. 203 



money to be paid after divine service ended in the morning at 
or upon the Communion Table. 

Johane Rockwell, of Ashbrittle, the mother, shall receive the 
said six pence so long as she shall keep the child ; and if she 
shall fortune not to keep it, then the money to be paid to those 
who do keep it. And the said Johane shall pay weekly six 
pence during that time. 

The said Johane for her corporal punishment shall be well 
whipped in the parish of Ashbrittle for her said offence. [5.7?., 
xxvii, ii, 44.] 

34. Order made by John Trevilian and George Lutterell at 
Old Cleeve, the 29th October, 1616. 

John Norman of Nurcott in the parish of Winsford, husband- 
man, reputed father of the child, shall pay eight pence weekly to 
the churchwardens of Winsford ; and Elizabeth Coppener of 
Winsford, the mother, shall pay seven pence weekly towards the 
maintenance of the said child. 

The said John Norman shall enter into bond with two 
sufficient securities for the payment of the weekly sums imposed 
on him and the said Elizabeth. 

If the said Elizabeth shall neglect this order, or else care- 
fully to provide for the said child, she shall be committed to the 
House of Correction according to the law. And for her corporal 
punishment she shall be openly whipped next Saturday after 
evening prayer by the constable or tithyngman in some con- 
venient place near the parish church. [5.7?., xxvii, ii, 43.] 



35. The Court having evidence that Mary Bowden, widow, 
hath dwelt in Burcott in the parish of St. Cuthbert Wells above 
five years, and hath not since been settled in any other place, so 
that she ought then to be settled and not removed : Ordered 
that she shall be settled at Burcott, and have a house for her 
money to dwell in. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 46.] 



204 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT IVELCHESTER on the 29th and 
3Oth days of April and the first day of May 15 James 
[1617], before Robert Phelippes [omitted : The following 
justices signed orders made at this Sessions Nicholas 
Halswell, Thomas Phelippes, Robert Phelippes, Francis 
Heale, Edward Hext, John Horner, Knts., Robert Hopton, 
Edward Popham, Thomas Southworth, James Bisse, 
William Swanton, Thomas Symcoks, Esqs.] 

i. On the petition of John Baker and Mary and Jane, his 
daughters, poor impotent and lame people, that the relief 
heretofore paid to them by the village of Lotsham green is now 
withheld by Thomas Cooper the collector of the poor, who also 
threatened! and raileth upon them with very unchristianlike 
speeches : Ordered that Robert Hopton and Thomas Symcocks, 
Esquires, shall call the said Cooper before them and order him to 
pay a convenient and competent sum for their relief, and if they 
see cause to bind him over to the next Sessions for his contempt. 
xxvii, ii, 71.] 



2. On the petition of Anthony Lyster that ten years last past 
Anthony his son was accused to be the father of the base child 
of Joan Hardyn, which child since the death shortly after of 
both parents, he the said Anthony had kept almost to his utter 
undoing ; and that he hath now bound the said child apprentice 
to John Jeanes of Martock, tailor, with a promise of five pounds, 
which by reason of his poverty he cannot perform ; so that the 
child is like to become chargeable to the parish of Middlezoy where 
he was born, unless the parishioners there will pay the same or 
a greater part : Ordered that Sir Edward Hext and Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Knts., shall examine and bind the parties 
named to stand to any agreement they do make. [S.R., xxvii, 
", 65.] 

3. On the petition of Margaret Dauken that she was born at 
South Petherton, but now liveth in Martock, where of late she 
fell blind and deaf and cannot maintain herself, and therefore 



(Quarter j$t$&im\$ t&ecorttel. 205 



the inhabitants of South Petherton refuse to receive her : 
Ordered that Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Thomas Phelipps, 
Knts., shall examine the cause, and order the settling of the said 
Margaret as they shall find fit. [vS./?., xxvii, i, 29.] 

4. Licence to Henry Graye upon his petition to erect a house 
at North Stoke without four acres of land laid thereunto, so as 
he procure leave of the lord of the manor. 

5. Whereas the inhabitants of St. Thomas in Pensford are 
charged with the keeping of the base child of Agnes Prickett, of 
which James Bisse is thought to be the reputed father ; and 
they are so over-burdened with poor people : Ordered that 
the examination thereof be referred to the two next Justices 
of that limit, to take such course as they shall think requisite, 
and to certify the same at the next Sessions. 

6. Order that the manor of Draycott shall be rated with the 
Hundred of Tintinhull in all payments as the Hundred is 
chargeable, unless they show cause to the contrary at the next 
Sessions. [5.^., xxvii, ii, 63.] Draycott is in the parish of 
Limington, which is in the Hundred of Stone. As early as 1327 
(Excheq. Lay Subsid.) Draycott is reckoned under Tintinhull 
Hundred. 

7. Whereas Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt, and Francis Baber, 
Esq., have certified to the Court that John Hedges of Priston 
and Willmington hath lost by fire to the value of 
48/2'., losh., &d. : Ordered that the said John Hedges shall have 
five pounds from the treasurer of the easter division. [S.R., 
xxvii, ii, 59.] 

8. Ordered that Robert Hopton and William Swanton, 
Esquires, shall appoint where William Prince, of Combe Abbas, 
with his wife and child shall be settled, and to certify their 
doings and opinions therein at the next Sessions. 

9. On the petition of Francis Hopkins, of Avington 
(Alvington) in the parish of Brempton (Brimpton Devercy) that 



206 



he is a very poor man with a great charge of children and hath 
lived there so long that he cannot be put out by law, and hath 
gotten leave of the lord of the manor and the parishioners of 
Avington : Licence to him to build a house within the said 
parish of Avington aforesaid. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 67.] 

10. Referred to Sir Edward Hext, Knt., to end all the 
differences now depending between William Fry and William 
Rowe if he can, and or otherwise to certify to the next General 
Sessions how he find it. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 57.] 

11. Roger Rew of Ashbrittle, his licence taken from him. 
and to tipple no more. [S.R., xvii, ii, 51.] 

John Jerman of Thorn St. Margaret, the like. [S.R., xxvii, 

ii, 87.] 

John Whitticke of Evell (Yeovil), the like. [S.R., xxvii, 

, 73-] 

12. As it is doubtful whether the house in which Robert 
Keeping do dwell is in the parishes of Brodmerston [Marston 
Magna] or West Camel, the issue shall be tried by jury at the 
Common Law. 

13. Ordered that the house that William Browning hath 
built at Kingsdon by the consent of the lord of the manor and 
the parishioners shall continue, if he hath accordingly obtained 
licence of the lord of the manor. 

14. On cbmplaint by the overseers and churchwardens of 
Elme, that two years since Robert Marchant of Frome received 
into his house at Elme John Church with his family, and that 
now the man hath gone out of the country, and Marchant hath 
turned the woman and children out of the house whereby they 
are like to become very chargeable : Ordered that the said 
Marchant shall be only wholly taxed for the discharge of the 
said parish ; and that Sir John Homer, Knt., and Robert 
Hopton, Esq., shall examine where the said woman shall be 
provided for, and to take such order touching Marchant as shall 
seem requisite. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 83.] 



$om*ttf*t (Quarter &t**ion* 3&tcort4. '207 



15. Ordered that the cottage built by Tomsyn Tompsey 
upon the waste of Kingsdon by the consent of Lord Arundell, 
lord of the manor, and the parishioners, shall continue. [S.R., 
xxvii, ii, 84.] 

1 6. Order made at Wiveliscombe the 7th of August, 
14 James [1616.] 

[Already given under Wells, 1616-7, No. 38]. [S.R., xxvii, 
ii, 68.] 

17. Order made at Yarde the I7th of February, 1616-7. 
John Jeanes of Dulverton, the reputed father of the child, 

so soon as he may be apprehended, shall put in a bond with 
sufficient securities to take away the said child and keep it 
without burden or charge to the parish. 

Julian Venner of Dulverton, the mother of the child, shall 
keep the child, until John Jeanes be apprehended, without charge : 
and shall also be whipped through the town of Dulverton by the 
officers there on the next market day. [S.J?., xxvii, ii, 69.] 

John Wyndham. John Trevelyan. 

1 8. Order made the 1st of March, 1616-7. 

Anthony Aller of Henton St. George, husbandman, the 
reputed father, shall pay twelve pence weekly from the 
birth of the child, to be employed and disposed of as the 
churchwardens shall think fit ; the said Anthony to be bound 
with sufficient securities unto the churchwardens and overseers 
for the due performance of the said payment. Mary Pearce of 
Henton St. George, the mother of the said child, to maintain 
the said child by her own industry and labour so far as she shall 
be able. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 58.] 

George Speke. Tho. Phelypes. 

19. Ordered that a House of Correction shall be erected 
within the east part of this shire, and that the Justices of the 
easter division, or six of them, shall " indet " and appoint a 
place for such House of Correction and the means for building 
of the same and certify their agreement therein at the next 
Sessions to be held at Bridgwater, 



208 domntfet (Suarter 



20. On a petition from Julian Stone, widow, of Charleton 
Horethorne, subscribed by the parishioners, that she hath with 
the consent of the lord of the manor erected a cottage, but by 
reason of her poverty is not able to lay four acres of land there- 
unto : Ordered that notwithstanding this the cottage shall remain 
for habitation. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 85.] 

21. Ordered that John Crosse shall have five pounds allowed 
him for his losses by fire from the Treasurer of the hospitals of the 
wester division, if there be so much in the stock. 

Nich. Halswell, Tho. Phelippes, Ro. Phelippes, Francis 
Heale, Robert Hopton, Edw. Popham, Thomas South- 
worth, James Bysse. 

22. Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt. and Francis Baber, Esq. to 
examine a certificate touching a cause of bastardy against the 
son of William Ingham, whether the parish be duly and orderly 
secured and discharged, as information hath been given to the 
Court on behalf of the parish to the contrary. And if security 
hath not been given, to bind over the said Ingham to the next 
Sessions ; but if he hath secured the said parish, then he 
and his recognizances now forfeited to be discharged. 

23. Ordered that John Seagar shall receive of the Treasurer 
of the Maimed soldiers forty shillings in full satisfaction of such 
pension as he claimeth to have out of this County, in regard 
whereof he doth promise never to claim any again. 

Tho. Phelipes, Edw. Hext, Ro. Phelipes, John Horner, 
Robert Hopton, Will. Swanton, Thomas Symcoks, 
James Bysse, Thomas Southworth. 

24. Forasmuch as it appeareth to this Court that Robert 
Popham hath received many hurts in his Majesty's wars 
whereby he is utterly disabled to relieve himself; it is ordered 
that he shall have vi 11 ., xiij^., and \\\]d. in full satisfaction of 
all demands to be had as a pension for a maimed soldier. 

., xxvii, ii, 76.] 

Ro. Phelipps, Edw. Hext, John Horner, Robert Hopton, 
Tho. Symoks, Tho. Southworth, James Bisse, 



(Suarter ^estetons 2&ecor&. 209 



25. Ordered that Henry Gaye, who was born at North Stoke 
and there ever sithence remained, and is a hard labouring man 
with a charge of wife and children, in respect he hath obtained 
leave of the lord of the manor and the parishioners, may build 
a cottage upon the waste of the manor. [5.^., xxvii, ii, 86.] 

26. The cause of the settlement of John Keen and his family, 
which at the last Sessions [Wells, 1616-7, No. 7] was 
referred to certain Justices, but could not be settled because 
three of them could not conveniently meet together at any one 
time, is now referred to the same justices, or any two of them, 
who are to meet at Wells and to certify their doings therein at 
the next General Sessions. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT TAUNTON on the 22nd, 23rd 
and 24th days of July, 15 James (1617), before Francis 
Popham, Nicholas Halswell, Robert Phelipps, Edward 
Hext, John Windham, Knights, Thomas Southworth, John 
Trevelian, Edward Popham, John Francis, John Symes, 
Christopher Preston, Thomas Symcoxe, William Caple and 
James Clarke, Esquires. 

1. In regard to a cause of bastardy referred at the last 
Sessions to Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward Hext ; they 
have ordered that Thomas Sampson, the reputed father, and 
Thomas Hatkins (who hath lived incontinently with the mother 
of the child) shall pay either of them four pence weekly to 
the churchwardens of Martock until the parish is discharged 
of the said child. And although the said Thomas Hatkins did 
appeal at this Sessions against the said order : It is thought fit 
that the said order shall continue. [See No. 15.] 

2. Ordered that the cottage built by John Prukett upon 
parcel of the wastes of the manor of Barton David shall stand, 
though there be not four acres of land laid thereunto, so as 
the said Prukett do procure licence from the lord of the manor. 
[SJ?., xxvii, ii, 101.] 

2 E 



210 donurstet Quarter 



3. On a petition that William Trezareof Ilmister [Ilminster], 
who three years since received a poor child from Puckington as 
an apprentice with two suits of clothes and forty shillings, doth 
cruelly beat and wrong the said apprentice : Referred to Sir 
George Speke and Sir Thomas Phelipps to examine, and if 
found true to order the said Trezare to redeliver the said clothes 
and money and to discharge the said apprentice ; and on his 
refusal, to bind him over to the next Sessions. 

4. Touching the differences between John Harley and his 
apprentice John Lissent, which were referred to Thomas Warre 
and Thomas Brereton, Esquires, and an order made which is 
now in dispute : It is ordered by the Court after a full and 
deliberate hearing of both sides and their witnesses that 
the said John Lissent shall presently go to his said master 
and dwell as his apprentice during his time yet to come. 

Francis Popham, Nich. Halswell, Edw. Hext, Jo. Symes, 
Thomas Symcocke, Edw. Popham, Tho. Southworth, 
Robt. Cuffe, Will. Capell. 

6. Whereas at the last Sessions holden at Ilchester [No. 22] 
the churchwardens and overseers of Compton Dando gave a 
certificate that they had received from William Ingham, the 
father, the money and security required ; the examination of 
which was referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, Knt. and Francis 
Baber, Esq., who have given in a certificate that the inhabit- 
ants are truly satisfied : Notwithstanding Will. Walton, gent, 
did constantly affirm that the parish was not sufficiently secured. 
The matter is therefore again referred to the said Justices 
to ascertain if the said certificate is correct. Further as the 
Court doth conceive that either the said Will. Walton or Will. 
Ingham hath abused and wronged the Court by false information : 
Ordered that they shall bind over to the good behaviour him whom 
upon examination they shall find to have wronged the Court, 
and make certificate at the next Sessions. [S.R., xxvii, i, 13.] 

7. Whereas it was ordered long heretofore that the parish of 
Long Sutton should pay twenty shillings yearly to Somerton 
towards the relief of their poor, which afterwards they appealed 



omer*et Quarter deftfum* taecortlg. 211 

against; upon hearing of both sides often times in Court, it is at 
this Sessions ordered that Long Sutton shall only pay ten 
shillings yearly. 

8. An order made the 2Oth day of July, 1617. 

Inprimis. Nicholas Ruddock, the reputed father, shall pay 
eight pence weekly from the birth of the child, whereof 
six pence to be paid to Katherine Cajnker, the mother, 
for the support of the child, and two pence to be paid 
to the overseers of the poor of St. John's in Glaston 
[bury], to remain in their hands to make up a stock 
for binding the said child an apprentice. 

Item. The said Katherine shall keep the child with the 
six pence. 

Item. The said N. Ruddock and K. Canker shall be both 
whipped through the high street of Glaston until their 
" bodies shall be bloody," and there shall be during 
the time of their whipping two fiddles playing before 
them in regard to make known their lewdness in 
begetting the said base child upon the Sabbath day 
coming from dancing. 

Item. Both parties shall put in sufficient security to perform 
all the contents of this order. [6\^., xxvii, i, 36.] 

Robert Wright. Tho. Southworth. 

9. An order made at Wyveliscombe the 27th June, 1617. 
Roger Ham wood of Wellington, the reputed father, shall pay 
eight pence weekly from the making of the said order to the 
churchwardens of Wellington to be by them paid to the mother 
so long as she shall keep the child. 

Anne Bagwell the mother shall keep the child, or in default 
pay six pence weekly to the churchwardens. 

The said Anne Bagwell shall for her offence be well whipped in 
the town of Wellington. [S.R., xxvii, i, 2, 5.] 

Humphrey Windham. Jo. Colles. 

0. Ordered that the cottage built by Edward Masters upon 
parcell of the wastes of the manor of South Brewham shall 



212 J^omtrSet <&uartn* 



stand although there be not four acres of land laid thereunto, 
so as the said Masters do procure licence from the lord of the 
manor. [^S./c*., xxvii, ii, 97.] 



ii. Ordered that the cottage built at Milton by Thomas Cox 
with the consent of the lord of the manor and the parishioners 
shall continue for habitation, although in respect of his poverty 
he cannot lay four acres of land thereunto. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 
96.] 

1 2. Ordered that William Zane shall be whipped according 
to the order set down by Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward 
Hext ; and for that Anne West, who charged the said William 
to be the reputed father of her child for which he received the 
punishment as aforesaid, is alleged to be again with child, where- 
upon it was ordered that the said William should be bound over 
to the good behaviour until the allegation was proved ; where- 
upon the said William delivered a Supersedeas unto the Court 
from the King's Bench which was allowed him : Yet notwith- 
standing in regard that afterwards the said William at the time 
he received his punishment threatened the prosecutors of the 
cause very sharply : It is also ordered upon his contempt and 
great misdemeanours after the delivery of the said Supersedeas 
that the said William shall be committed for one month and 
bound to the good behaviour with two sureties. [See also 
No, 17 ; S.R., xxvii, ii, 75.] 

13. Certificate from Robert Hopton and William Swanton 
that according to an order made at the last Ilchester Sessions 
[No. 8] they have appointed that William Prince with his wife 
and child of Combe Abbas shall be settled at Misterton in the 
parish of Crewkerne, where he was last resident by the space of 
two whole years as covenant servant with John Quier. [$../?., 
xxvii, i, 1 8, 19.] 

14. Certificate from Sir Thomas Bridges and Francis Baber 
that the parishioners of Compton Dando are sufficiently secured 
by William Ingham. [Ilchester Sessions, No. 22.] 



(Quarter ^eggfomf i&ecortte. 213 



5. An order made by Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward 
Hext the I4th of May, 1617, concerning the base-born child of 
Margaret Pearll of Martock. [Details given in No. I. S.R., 
xxvii, ii, 95.] 

16. An order made by Sir Edward Hext and Thomas 
Symcockes, Esq. the igth of July, 1617, concerning the base- 
born child of Alice Helliar of Balstonbury [Baltonsborough]. 

John Brooks alias Baker of Lympsham, labourer, the reputed 
father of the said child named George Helliar shall weekly pay 
sixpence until he shall take the child himself; further he and his 
father shall be bound to the Churchwardens in the sum of twenty 
pounds for the weekly payment. And for that the said Alee 
Helliar hath heretofore had a bastard child, and hath been 
committed to the House of Correction at Ivelchester for one 
whole year, and hath " eftsoonest " offended again : she shall 
again be committed to the said House until she put in good 
security for her good behaviour. [6 1 ./?., xxvii, ii, 94.] 

17. An order made by Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward 
Hext the 9th of June, 1617, touching the base-born child of 
Anne West of Long Sutton. 

Forasmuch as it appeareth by most infallible presumptions 
and manifest proofs that William Zane of Long Sutton, horse- 
breaker, is the reputed father of the child, and in regard he hath 
at many several times with many protestations and vows promised 
to marry her in the presence of the father, mother and brother 
of the said Anne West, and at another time received ten pounds 
in the way of marriage, being her whole stock and means ; also 
the said Anne being cited to Wells and making default was 
excommunicated, and about a fortnight since she riding for her 
state to Wells, the said Zane rode along with her, and by the 
way took a book from his pocket and sware by the same book 
that if she would deny him and nominate another father for her 
child he would marry her before Michaelmas : Ordered that the 
said Zane shall pay two shillings weekly from the birth of the child 
until he take and keep it, of which two shillings and four pence 
are to remain in the hands of the churchwardens of Long Sutton ; 
and that the said William Zane and Anne West shall receive 



214 ^omenfrt Quarter &twion& 



punishment of whipping at the next Sessions at Taunton ; also 
that the said Zane shall repay the sum of ten pounds or else 
marry her according to his promise. [See No. 12. S.R., xxvii, 
, 93-] 

1 8. Order made by Sir Nicholas Halswell and Robert Cuffe, 
Esq., the 3Oth of June, 1616, touching the two base-born children 
of Cicelly Lyde late of Somcrton. 

Thomas Chinn late of Shapwick, miller, the reputed father of 
the said children, shall pay weekly ten pence to the overseers of 
Shapwick for the necessary relief and maintenance of the children ; 
and to give security for the said payment. 

The said Cicely Lyde to keep the children, or on refusal to 
be committed to the House of Correction. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 92.] 

19. Order made at Pensford by Sir Thomas Bridges and 
Francis Baber, Esq., the I2th of July, 1617, touching the base- 
born child of Agnes Prickett deceased. 

James Bisse of Penceford, yeoman, the reputed father of the 
said child, in consideration that it hath been very chargeable to 
the inhabitants, as appeareth by their " poores " book and other 
accompts, shall pay four pounds forty shillings at Michaelmas 
and forty shillings at Lady Day next following, for money 
already disbursed ; and shall enter into sufficient bond with 
securities to keep and save harmless the said parish. And if 
the said Bisse shall find out and prove another father, as he 
allegeth he can, then the said four pounds to be repaid. [5.^., 
xxvii, ii, 91.] 

20. An order made by Sir John Windham and John 
Trevelyan, Esq., on the 26th of May, 1617, touching the base- 
born child of Agnes Gymlett of the parish of f ]. 

Whereas Richard Wheddon is the father of the child, for 
the discharge of the said parish and the meet sustentation of the 
child, the parties being of " sufficiency," the said Agnes 
Gymlett shall pay to the overseers of the said parish of Williton 
twelve pence weekly, to continue until she shall give sufficient 
security to hold the said parish harmless. The said Richard 
Wheddon to be bound in the same manner. 



$omen(it Quarter &t3*itm& HkcorfcS. 215 

Their corporal punishment to be inflicted for their misde- 
meanours in this kind we overpass by this order, forasmuch as 
they have been enjoined to penance and punishment by eccle- 
siastical censure given heretofore. [.S.7?., xxvii, ii, 90.] 

21. An order made by Sir John Windham and John 
Trevelyan, Esq., the 26th of May, 1617, touching the base-born 
child of Johan Webber of Huishchampflower. 

Richard James of the same parish, the reputed father, shall 
forthwith pay to the churchwardens and overseers of the same 
three pounds, there to remain until the said Richard shall put 
in some more sufficient security ; and shall also pay eight pence 
weekly to the same. 

Johan Webber shall keep and maintain the child without 
charge or burden to the said parish ; and for her corporal punish- 
ment shall be openly whipped in the said parish by the constables 
or other officers there. 

22. James Clarke, Esq., Treasurer of the Hospital for the 
wester division, Henry Nevell, Gent., for the easter division. 

23. Upon the oath of Peter Wills of Nettlecombe that 
Edward Jones did appear at the last sessions : Ordered that his 
recognizance shall be discharged. [S.R., xxvii, i, 6.] 

24. Upon oath by William Morgan that a Recognizance 
certified by Mr. Warr to the last Sessions was mistaken, and 
that John Martin who was therein bound did acknowledge the 
said recognizance to appear at the last Sessions, and did appear : 
Ordered that the said Recognizance shall be discharged. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT BRIDGWATER on the i4th, i5th, 
1 6th days of September, 1617, before Sir Edward Hext, Sir 
John Windham, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, 
Sir Edward Rodney, Knights, John Francis, Thomas 
Southworth, Edward Rogers, Edward Popham, Christopher 



2i6 $omer*t (Quarter 



Preston, James Bisse, William Swanton, Hugh Pyne, John 
Symes, Robert Cuffe, Esquires. 

1. Robert Warre of Weston in Zoyland shall continue there, 
as in the opinion of the Court he is a parishioner. [S.R., 
xxvii, i, 60.] 

2. Licence for Hugh Trubbes of Enmore, with the consent 
of the lord of the manor and the inhabitants to erect a cottage 
on the waste, although there be not four acres of land laid 
thereto. [S.R., xxvii, i, 63.] 

3. Similar licence for James Woodland of Aishcott. [S.R., 
xxvii, i, 59.] 

4. Similar licence for Thomas Ward of Weston. [S.R., 
xxvii, i, 73.] 

5. Whereas Heale bridge in the parish of Bradford in the 
hundred of Taunton and Taunton Deane is now of late fallen 
greatly in decay, and for that it is [not]* certainly known by whom 
the said bridge should be repaired, it doth fall more and more 
in decay, and the said parish is amerced for not repairing the 
same: Referred to John Symes, James Clercke, .and Robert 
Cuffe, esquires, to order and appoint by whom the said bridge 
shall be repaired. [S.R., xxvii, i, 66.] 

6. On a petition from the inhabitants of Downhead within 
the parish of Dowltinge, that about Whitsuntide last twelve- 
month, one Michell, a collier, came to Downhead, and under- 
taking to make " charcke coale " continued there in a wood as 
an unknown person for a whole year, and being joined by his 
wife and a child being born in the wood, he hath of late lived 
with James West : Ordered that the said Michell with his family 
be forthwith moved to the place where he was born or did last 
dwell. [S.R., xxvii, i, 62.] 



* This seems required by the context. 



omttt(et (Quarter J^t'onS &ecortte. 217 

7. Ordered that the Keeper of the House of Correction at 
Taunton shall have five pounds from the Treasurer of the 
Hospitals of the wester division ; and it is referred to John 
Symes and James Clarcke, esquires, to appoint how and in what 
manner the same shall be employed, and to whom it shall be 
delivered. 

8. Whereas David Shetter did give ten pounds to the 
inhabitants of Sutton Mallett, to remain with them for ever on 
condition that they should maintain him as long as he shall live ; 
and whereas the money was delivered to Baldwyn Mallett, gent., 
deceased, then collector for the poor for the said parish, which 
money is now in the hands of John Mallett, his executor, as 
they allege, who utterly denieth the same : The cause is 
referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell and Sir Francis Hele, knts., 
Edward Rogers and Robert Cuffe, esquires, or to any two of 
them, to examine and make an order, and to bind over those 
who refuse to perform the said order to the next Sessions. [S.R., 
xxvii, i, 82.] 

9. Whereas at the last Taunton Sessions Marmaduke 
Jennings, Esq., was presented for not repairing a certain 
market way in Curry Revell from Crastland gate to the west 
end of the same lane : Ordered that the matter be referred to 
the next Ilchester Sessions, when Mr. Jennings is to warn the 
parties who made the presentment to appear and prosecute the 
same. 

10. Whereas there is a question how the fifty pounds yearly 
paid to the Muster-master by virtue of his Majesty's letters for 
his service in mustering the trained bands is to be levied : 
Ordered that it be raised by a tithyng rate in every Hundred, 
to be raised by the constables of the Hundred by a warrant to 
be sent to them by the Justices of the several limits in the 
County. [S.R., xxvii, i, 81.] 

11. The form of the warrant for the same to be issued by the 
Justices to the Constables of the Hundreds. It recites that 
Captain Samuel Norton has been appointed by the Lord 

2 F 



2i8 ^onurtfet (Quarter Station* 



Lieutenant, and his choice confirmed by the King ; and that 
Humfry Smyth is to receive the money, which is to be paid to 
the Justice before the feast of All Saints. 

12. Licence for the house heretofore erected by John Cole 
of Shapwick, with the consent of the parishioners and of the lord 
of the manor, to remain, although there be not four acres of land 
laid thereto. [5.^., xxvii, i, 78.] 

13. On a difference between the parishes of Trull and 
Bradford as to the settlement of Edward Pursey : Referred to 
John Symes, Thomas Brereton, and James Clercke, esquires, to 
call before them both sides, and after examination, to make an 
order. [5.^?., xxvii, i, 61.] 



14. Ordered that Thomas Bower be bound to his good 
behaviour for speaking insolent words to Sir Edward Hext since 
the 26th of August last notwithstanding a supersedeas delivered 
into the Court, for that his words were in contempt of the 
Justices of this County and of the Bench. 

15. On the humble petition of Richard Hucker of East- 
bower in the parish of Bridgwater, labourer, now by reason of 
old age and impotency unable to get his own living, licence is 
given for him to build a house on a piece of ground purchased 
from William Huckmore, esq., although there be not four acres 
of land, as his petition is confirmed by a certificate from divers 
of the inhabitants of East Bower. [5.7?., xxvii, i, 69.] 

1 6. Order made by Sir Edward Hext, knt, and Thomas 
Symcocks, esq., the I5th day of September, 1617. 

Reighnold Wraye, husbandman, of Kingweston, the reputed 
father of Clement Wray als. Hutton, and Luce Hutton, the 
mother, shall pay ten pence and eight pence respectively to the 
overseers of Kingweston for the relief of the child, of which 
money two pence is to be kept for a stock to apprentice the 
child when it shall be twelve years of age. Farther the two 
parents shall be bound with sufficient sureties in twenty pounds 
for the performance of this order. [5.^., xxvii, i, 76.] 



219 



17. Order made by Humfry Windham and John Colles, 
esquires, at Wyveliscombe the 27th of June, 1617. 

Phillip Tompson of Combflory, miller, the reputed father, 
shall forthwith pay to Agnes Fortte, the mother of the child, of 
Wyveliscombe, six pence for every week since the birth of the 
said child, in respect he hath neither paid nor given anything; 
and henceforth ten pence weekly. 

The said Agnes Fortte shall for her offence be well whipped 
at Wyveliscombe upon a market day. 

Footnote that the churchwardens have taken bond for the 
payment of the money. [5.^., xxvii, i, 84.] 



1 8. Order made by Sir Nicholas Halswell and Edward 
Popham, esq., the I7th of September [1617]. 

John Hayes the elder of North Petherton, the reputed father, 
to pay six pence weekly to the overseers and churchwardens of 
North Petherton for the relief of the child. 

Aleise Campe, the mother, to keep her child Katherine, or 
pay six pence weekly ; and for her offence to be well whipped. 
[S.R., xxvii, i, 83.] 

19. Whereas Hercules Pulline of Charlton Horethorne was 
convented at this Sessions for building a cottage contrary to the 
statute ; and whereas a certificate of Charlton parishioners states 
that he hath lived there for twenty years and is a hard labouring 
man and very orderly : Ordered that the said cottage shall 
continue, so that he hath obtained the licence of the lord of the 
manor, as stated in the certificate. [5./?., xxvii, i, 87, 88.] 



20. A similar order in the case of Henry Pennye of Charlton 
Horethorne in the same position. [As above.] 

21. A similar order in the case of John Collens of Charlton 
Horethorne in the same position. [As above.] 



220 J^onuvSH Quarter 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS the i3th, i4th i5th, and 
1 6th days of January 15 James [1617-8] before the Reverend 
Father in Christ Arthur [Lake] Bishop of Bath and Wells, 
Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Thomas Bridges, Sir John 
Horner, Sir Edward Rodney, knts., the Rev. Robert 
Wright, D.D., the Rev. Gerard Wood, D.D., Archdeacon 
of Wells, Thomas Hughes, Thomas Southworth, Edward 
Popham, John Maye, Francis Baber, Christopher Preston, 
James Bisse, William Swanton, Hugh Pyne, John Symes, 
Thomas Symcocks, Thomas Wyndham, Joseph Rattle, 
William Caple [Capell], Edward Taynte [Tynte], esquires. 

1. The pension of 40 shillings made to William Godfrey, a 
maimed soldier, is, in consideration of his miserable estate, 
augmented to five marks, to begin at this present Sessions. 

2. According to a former order made and agreed on touching 
the answering of all letters, proclamations and such like from the 
lords of the privy Counsel for and concerning any general 
matters for this County : Sir Edward Rodney, knt., and John 
Maye, esq., are appointed for the easter division, and Edward 
Popham and John Symes, esquires, for the wester division, 
for this year to come. 

3. On an appeal by John Evered against a weekly payment of 
six pence in a bastardy order made by Sir Francis Hele, knt., 
and Edward Rogers, esq., the last day of December 1617: As 
there is no proof but only the bare accusation of Alice Gould 
the mother, and many witnesses produced to charge William 
Wembridge of Burnham : Ordered that the said order be utterly 
void and frustrate, and that the said Wembridge shall make the 
like payment to the churchwardens of Stockland Bristol, until 
the child be seven years old, and that the said Alice be whipped. 
[S.R., xxviii, 10, 34.] 

4. Whereas there was a reference heretofore unto certain 
Justices by whom the bridge called Heale bridge should be 
maintained : It is now ordered that there shall be no process 



(Quarter &e$$iQ\\4 l&ecorte. 221 



made forth touching the same for that it cannot be amended till 
the spring of the year. 

5. Thomas Symons and Edmund Symons, querents, and 
Peter Parsons, William Panter, sen., and Will. Panter, jun., 
defendants. 

Whereas Peter Parsons was bound over to appear at this 
Sessions for that being tithingman of Midsomer Norton he 
neglected to serve a warrant for the apprehension of Will. 
Panter, jun. ; and whereas by a letter from Sir Thomas Seamer, 
knt, justice of the peace in the county of Gloucester, it appeareth 
that the said Will. Panter being the reputed father of the child 
of Anne Turner, did before the birth of the child arrange with 
Thomas Symons to convey the said A. Turner from Keynsham 
into Wales or Ireland ; and on the journey the child being born 
at Aust the said T. Symons was committed to the gaol at 
Gloucester as being the reputed father ; and further the said 
Will. Panter, jun., and Peter Parsons became bounden to 
Edmund Symons and the said Thos. Symons to save them 
harmless against the parish of Aust ; and also the said Will. 
Panter, jun., gave false information that the name of the mother 
was Ann Sloper instead of Ann Turner, and that he and Will. 
Panter, sen., were parties to the conveying away of the said Ann 
Turner ; and that the said Peter Parsons hath a counter-bond 
of the said Will. Panter, jun., for saving him harmless in the 
premises : Ordered that the said Peter Parsons be forthwith 
delivered to William Hay ward, one of the constables of the 
hundred of Keynsham, to be delivered within six days to the 
constables of the nearest hundred of Gloucestershire, who shall 
bring him before Sir Thomas Seamer, knt, and Richard Barklej^, 
esq. ; and that warrants be issued against Will. Panter, sen., 
and Will. Panter, jun., to bring them also before the said justices, 
to be dealt with according to the law. 

6. Whereas Francis Whittington was at this Sessions 
continued to his good behaviour and also bound to appear at the 
next Assizes ; now on the information of Sir Richard Gififord, 
knt, that the King's Majesty is pleased to assume the considera- 
tion and hearing of the cause, the said Francis is discharged of 



222 ^omrmt (Quarter &*00tottf 



the good behaviour and appearance, and no recognizance shall 
be certified until his Majesty's pleasure be further known. 

7. Whereas Richard Crosse was born and married at 
Cucklington, where he had five children, and about one year 
sithence he rented a tenement at Staverdale where after his 
removal he died ; and then his widow Mary and her children 
returned to Cucklington, where now the inhabitants will not 
suffer them to continue : Referred to James Bysse and William 
Swanton, esquires, to take order therein at their discretion, and to 
certify their finding at the next Sessions. [S../?., xxviii, 31.] 

8. Referrad to Sir Thomas Bridges, knt, Francis Baber, 
Thomas Southworth, and Edward Tainte, esquires, or any three 
of them, fo enquire whether the bastard child of Erne Sweete 
shall remain at Compton Martin or at Chewe Magna, where it 
now is. Certificate to be made to the next Sessions. 

9. On a petition in the name of the greater part of the most 
sufficient inhabitants of Crescombe that there might be no 
license granted to any one to keep any tippling house there : it 
is thought fit and ordered that all the alehouses or tippling 
houses in Crescombe shall be suppressed, and no license granted 
to any one there but only Thomas Delton, who hath a license 
now granted to him to tipple there. [5.^., xxviii, n.] 



10. Whereas Giles Hemmen of Winscombe, blacksmith, hath 
the consent of the inhabitants (as appeareth by certificate), and 
of one John Coxe, gent., who holdeth certain lands and tene- 
ments in fee there, to build a cottage on a plot of ground near 
the highway, a place called Hardberie, within the said parish : 
Ordered that the cottage may continue, although there be not 
four acres of land laid thereto, provided he doth procure such 
license aforesaid from the lord of the soyle. [S.R., xxxiii, I.] 

1 1 . Whereas Robert Godwyn, gent., doth refuse to pay the 
tithing rate of Wookey (of which place he holdeth the parsonage, 
as his father before him), and hath not shown any good cause 
to excuse or acquit himself : Ordered that he shall henceforth 



(Suarter ^esJgtouS ItiUcorttt. 223 



pay the said rate until he can show good cause to the contrary. 
[S.R., xxviii, 6.] 

12. Whereas Nathanaell Still, esq., hath lately bound over 
to the Sessions Alice Elme, late of Broad Chalke in Wiltshire, 
mother of a base child born at Shorscombe in the parish of 
Wellovv, whereof she accuseth William Bigge to be the father, 
who cannot now be found ; and for that the said Alice hath left 
her child in the night at the house of William Wookey in 
Chewton, where she never dwelt ; by reason thereof the child is 
now chargeable to the said parish : Referred to the two next 
Justices adjoining to Shorscombe to examine and enquire, and 
to certify the truth thereof and their opinions to the next 
Sessions. 

13. Whereas Thomas Hellyer, gent., brought unto us letters 
from the lords of the Counsell for his assistance in carnage 
of Salt peeter, and complaineth that divers persons whose names 
he doth not relate do refuse to help him as they aught : Agreed 
that the said Thos. Hellyer shall bring unto us within our several 
limits the names of such who refuse, that we upon examination 
of the refusal and default may show our forwardness in the said 
service for the said Hellyer. 

14. Whereas on the 2Oth day of December last past Richard 
Brookman of Stanton Drewe received great loss by fire : 
Ordered that 53 shillings and 4 pence be paid by the Treasurer 
for the hospitals of the easter division to the overseers of Stanton 
Drewe towards the rebuilding of the house and the relieving of 
the said Brookman. [S.R., xxviii, 3.] 

15. Whereas Joane Skotten als. Edgell, the wife of John 
Edgell of Sand, in the parish of Wedmore, is a lunatic and not 
well in her wits whereby it is doubted that she will do very much 
mischief and set on many dangerous attempts ; and for that it 
is much suspected that she did lately set on fire the house of 
William Phippen of Sand to the value of 50 pounds and upwards : 
Ordered for the better prevention of greater dangers which may 
ensue that the said Joane shall be sent to the House of Cor- 



224 J^omertfet (Quarter &t&4itmi 

rection at Ivelchester, where she is to be received and kept 
according to the law appointed for such persons ; and that the 
parishioners of Wedmore to pay two shillings weekly to the 
Keeper of the House for her relief. \_S. A'., xxviii, 5.] 

1 6. Whereas there is a difference between the parishioners 
of Childcompton and Stone Easton touching the settling of 
Henry Allen : Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, knt, Francis 
Baber, William Capell, and Edward Teynt, esquires, or any three 
of them, to call before them some of the parishioners of both 
parishes, and to order and appoint in what place Plenry Allen 
ought by law to be settled. [S.R., xxviii, 42.] 

17. Whereas oath hath been made and a certificate (shown), 
that Thomas Downe of Charlton Horethorne is licensed to keep 
an ale-house, where there hath been many disorders, and that 
the house standeth upon the parsonage ground which is of 
good yearly value and rented by the said Downe, and that the 
house standeth at one end of the town very unfit for a tippling 
house ; and further that a daughter of the said Downe was lately 
delivered of a base child without the help of any woman, which 
child was found dead and full grown : Ordered that the said Ale 
house shall be suppressed, and the two next Justices to send for 
the said Downe and take up his licence from him ; and farther 
to examine the matter touching the birth of the child. [S.R., 
xxviii, 12, 47.] 

1 8. Whereas about Easter last a base child was born at 
North Barrow of which Edith Lewis is the mother and John 
Rowswell of West Lidford the reputed father, and thereupon a 
warrant was granted by Thomas Symcox, esq., against Rowswell, 
who was delivered to William Eavell of Lidford, sworn tithyng- 
man (as deputy for Andrew Whitehead) to be conveyed to his 
Majesty's gaol at Ivelchester until he had given security to 
discharge the said parish of the said child ; and for that the said 
Eavell suffered the said Rowswell to escape (who is now fled the 
country), for which contempt of justice a warrant of the good 
behaviour was granted against the said Eavell at the last sessions 
held at Ivelchester, since which time he happened to die and 



225 



never answered the same : It is now ordered that the parishioners 
of Barrow shall keep the child until the reputed father be 
apprehended. 

19. On a petition from the parishioners of Pitcombe that 
about four years since Humfry Langier received into his house 
his wife's sister Sara Clifford, who hath had a base child likely 
to be chargeable to the parish, and it is alleged that Humfry 
received goods and chattels to the value of 12 pounds with the 
said Sara : Referred to James Bisse and William Swanton, 
esquires, to call before them the said Humfry and so many of the 
parishioners as they shall think requisite, and to certify their 
doings therein to the next Sessions. 

20. Whereas the parishioners of St. George's (Easton in 
Gordano) have appealed against an order of Sir Hugh Smyth, 
knt., settling Elizabeth Sanfield, widow there : It is now thought 
fit that the said Elizabeth shall be sent to Clyvedon to be 
received, relieved, and maintained. [SJ?., xxviii, 44.] 

21. On a certificate from Sir Thomas Thynne, knt, lord of 
the manor of Walton, and a petition in the name of all the 
parishioners of Walton : ordered that a cottage to be built by 
Rowland Moore shall remain and continue although there be not 
four acres of land attached. [S.R., xxviii, 4.] 

22. Ordered that the assuring of the County Court book 
shall be referred to Sir George Speke, knt., and Christopher 
Preston, esq., during the time that John Powlet, esq., was sheriff. 

23. Ordered that there shall be no process made forth against 
those that ought to repair Exbridge. 

24. Ordered that the alehouse of Annacletey Plumbly at 
Westbury be from henceforth suppressed. [S.R., xxviii, 33.] 

25. Whereas there are differences between John Carter and 
his wife Jane about allowing of her maintenance : Ordered that 
he shall allow her twelve pence weekly and houseroom, and that 

2 G 



226 $om*tt!et (Suarter 



her brother shall give security that the said Jane shall live 
quietly with her said husband or else she shall be sent to the 
House of Correction. 

26. Order made on the I4th November, 1617, by Sir Thomas 
Bridges, knt, and Frances Baber, esq. 

John Hort (or Haurt) of Chewton, husbandman, reputed 
father of the child, pay ten pence weekly to the overseers of 
Chewton until the child be old enough to earn his own living. 

Isabel Hannam of Chewton, the mother, to keep the child 
herself or otherwise to pay six pence weekly. 

Both parties to enter into bond with sufficient securities for 
the performance of this order. 

Isabell Hannam to be whipped two several times, the first at 
Pensford next market day after the order and again at Chewton 
the Monday next following. [5./?., xxviii, 41.] 

Thomas Bridges. Francis Baber. 

27. Order made on the 1 5th of January, 1617-8, by Sir Nicholas 
Halswell, knt, Edward Popham and Robert Cuffe, esquires. 

The matter having been referred to us at the last Sessions at 
Bridgwater, and witnesses and probable circumstances having 
been examined, we do find that Matthew Sully of Bridgwater 
is the father of the base child of Maud Sully of Haygrove in the 
said parish, deceased, and we do order him to pay eight pence 
weekly from the birth of the child, and to give sufficient security 
for the performance of the order. [*../?., xxviii, 40.] 

Nich. Halswell. Ed. Popham. Ro. Cuffe. 

28. Heading of another Bastardy order, not completed. 
Thomas Botham of Wedmore by Hext and Symcocks. [S.R., 
xxviii, 39.] 

[S.R., xxviii, 35-38, other bastardy orders not entered here.] 



Quarter $*ftjum* ^Ucorte. 227 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT IVELCHESTER the nth, isth 
and 1 6th days of April, 16 James [1618], before Sir Edward 
Hext, Knight, Thomas Southworth, Francis Baber, Edward 
Popham, William Swanton, Christopher Preston, James 
Bysse, Nathanaell Still and James Kyrton, Esquires. 

1. Ordered that the difference whether the manor of Draycott 
be within the Hundred of Stone or within the Hundred of 
Tintenhull shall be heard at Ivelchester Sessions next where all 
parties are to attend at their perils ; in the mean time the former 
orders to stand, and the order then to be made to be final. 

2. With reference to the order made concerning Joane Edgill 
of Stone in Wedmore [see Wells Sess. 1617-8, No. 15], whereas 
John Edgill the husband hath preferred a petition subscribed by 
many of the parishioners of Wedmore that William Phippen 
prosecuted the cause out of malice, and that the said Joane was 
not nor is lunatic as the said Phippen suggested, so that the said 
parishioners are driven to a needless charge : Ordered that the 
said order [No. 15] shall be void and the said Joane discharged 
of her imprisonment so long as she shall carry herself quietly 
and orderly. [5.7?., xviii, 60.] 

3. Ordered upon many reasons and good causes that William 
Mantle be discharged from his apprenticeship with Spencer 
Ryves, late of Crewkerne, goldsmith. 

4. An order made at Ivelchester in 13 James [No. 18] con- 
cerning the residence of Adrian West at Martock do stand and 
continue, so that he may remain in any house that he can rent 
for his money. 

5. On a petition from the inhabitants of Stoke St. Michael 
als. Stoke Lane that of late by reason of many " colemines " 
which are set to work in the country there near adjoining, there 
is so much travelling that way that the highways there are much 
in decay and grown very founderous ; so that the inhabitants 



228 J^omerSet (Quarter ^estetontf 



there are much charged with the repairing of the same, and are 
very likely to be far more charged, as also by the pains and 
amercements which they are likely to sustain for not repairing 
the same, so that the inhabitants desire that the tithing of 
Dowltinge (of which Stokelane is parcel) may contribute 
towards the repairs aforesaid : Ordered that the inhabitants of 
Dowltinge shall join and contribute to the charges unless they 
show cause to the contrary at the next Sessions. [S.7?., xxviii, 

55.] 

6. Whereas there is a difference between the inhabitants of 
Broadmerston [Marston Magna] about the repairing of the 
highways which are very founderous and bad, as appeareth by 
a petition from some part of the inhabitants who have preferred 
a course and certain rate for the carriage of stone for the repairs, 
which is opposed by some other part of the inhabitants : 
Referred to James Bysse and William Swanton, esquires, to call 
before them some of the parties on either side and to order a 
course according to the statute for repairing highways ; and if 
any refuse to certify their names to the next Sessions. [5.7?., 
xxx, i.] 

7. On a petition from the inhabitants of Weston Bampfeild 
that Henry Martin is very burdensome to the parish and the 
bordering parishes in regard of his lunacy, and that he hath a 
stock of 40 pounds or thereabouts in other men's hands who 
allow little or nothing for a maintenance, but suffer him to 
wander about the country : Referred to James Bysse and 
William Swanton, esquires, to order and settle a course whereby 
the said Martin may be settled and his stock employed for his 
maintenance. [5.7?., xxviii, 68,] 



8. Nothing having been done in the matter of suppressing 
the alehouse of Thomas Downe [see Wells Sess., 1617-8, No. 17], 
and the said Downe traversing the accusations made ; the cause 
is now referred to Sir George Speke, knt, James Bysse and 
William Swanton, esquires, or any two of them, to examine and 
do therein as they shall think fit, and to certify the next Sessions 
how they find it. 



(Quarter J^eggumsi 3EUcorti3. 229 



9. Whereas the churchwardens of Tintenhull are charged 
with the payment of maimed soldiers and hospital money, and 
whereas they know not how to levy and raise the same in- 
diferently according to every man's ability unless by a tithing 
rate : Ordered that the said money be rated, collected and levied 
after a tithing rate. [S.R., xxviii, 61.] 

10. Sir Edward Rodney, knt., and Thomas South worth, esq., 
are to examine the cause why Nicholas Teeke, jun., of Wedmore, 
doth refuse to contribute towards the relief of the poor, for 
which he has been bound over to this Sessions by the overseers. 

11. Whereas one Alice Hay ward was lately settled in service 
at Kingston Deverill in Wilts, and there had a child, and hath 
since come to Maperton in this county : now on the petition of 
the inhabitants who fear that she will become chargeable it is 
ordered that they do convey the said Alice to Kingston Deverill 
where she ought to be received and provided for. 

12. On a petition from the inhabitants of Pitcombe that 
Luce Pitman, a very poor impotent woman, hath been long 
chargeable to the parish, and of late the greatest part of the 
inhabitants have agreed that the overseers should raise eight 
pounds and four shillings for the placing of the said Luce in the 
hospital at Brewton, yet some of the inhabitants do refuse to pay 
anything: Referred to James Bysse and William Swanton, 
esquires, to examine the said cause, and to bind over any who 
refuse to pay to the next Sessions. [S.R., xxx, 20, 21.] 

1 3. Ordered that John Fludd and John Kingsland of Nether 
Stoay [Stowey], and all other persons licensed now or hereafter 
to sell beer there, shall buy the same from Richard Jenninges, 
who at this Sessions is allowed to be a common brewer for the 
said town, and enjoined to be always sufficiently provided to 
furnish them with good and wholesome beer. [5.7?., xxviii, 62.] 

14. Whereas there is and hath been for a long time many 
differences between Robert Mogg and his wife so that he 
refuseth her any maintenance, although in her right he enjoyeth 



230 $onurdtt (Quarter 



a tenement worth 10 pounds by the year, as by a certificate from 
the inhabitants of Doulting doth appear : Referred to Thomas 
Southworth, James Bysse and James Kyrton, esquires, to examine 
the said cause, and order and determine the same if they can ; 
and if Mogg refuse to abide their order, to bind him over to the 
next Sessions. [S.R., xxx, 26, 27.] 

15. Whereas Elizabeth Gilbert lately lived at Sherborne for 
one year and more before the feast of St. Michael and there was 
begotten with child ; and hath now come unto West Camel, 
where the parishioners do account that she ought not to remain, 
but have often sent her to Sherborne where the inhabitants 
refuse to receive her so that the said Elizabeth yet remaineth at 
West Camel : Ordered that the parishioners do forthwith convey 
the said Elizabeth to Sherborne where the Court doth conceive 
by law she ought to be received, settled and provided for. 

1 6. Whereas there is a difference between the inhabitants of 
the town of Stowey and of the town of Bridgwater touching the 
settlement of Margaret, widow of William Powlett and her 
children ; and that there was an order made by Sir John 
Windham, knt, and John Trevellian, esq., that they should be 
settled at Bridgwater where the inhabitants refuse to receive 
them as may appear by a petition from the inhabitants of 
Stowey : Ordered that the said order shall stand until Bridg- 
water shall show good cause to the contrary in some open 
Sessions to be holden for this county. [R.S., xxx, 31.] 

17. Whereas Elizabeth Twytt was lately settled in service 
at Congersbury with one John Irishe, and was there begotten 
with child ; and then went to Barrow to the house of 'a kinsman 
where the child was born, so that the parishioners are at a charge 
for their relief, whereof they complain : Ordered that the said 
Elizabeth and her child shall be sent to Congersbury ; and 
further as whereas there is an order made by John Maye and 
Joseph Rattle, esquires, that the reputed father should pay eight 
pence weekly, that this weekly payment from the birth of the 
child shall be paid to the overseers of Barrow until the said 
Elizabeth is removed to Congersbury. [S.R., xxx, 30.] 



(Quarter ^cSStoitS 3&tcortt3. 231 



1 8. Licence to Symon Hixe of Castle Gary to build a 
cottage so as he get leave of the lord of the manor, upon a 
petition by the inhabitants there. [S.R., xxx, 33.] 

19. The like to Richard Olliver of Horsington to continue a 
cottage already built,' on a petition from the inhabitants that it 
was built by leave of the lord of the manor. [S.R., xxvii, i, 14 ; 
xxx, 12.] 

20. The like to John Michell of Henstridge to continue his 
cottage already built by the consent of Sir John Daccombe and 
the inhabitants, as appeareth by his petition together with a 
certificate from William Swanton, esq. [5.^., xxx, 17.] 



21. The like to Richard Hunt of Wollavington to build a 
cottage, so as he obtain leave of the lord of the manor, upon a 
petition from the inhabitants. [S.J?., xxx, 23.] 

22. William Moore being bound to appear here in a cause of 
bastardy and an order therein made and certified, he doth now 
appeal from the said order. [See /<?.$/ No. 27.] 

23. Licence to Thomas Knight of Combe St. Nicholas to be 
a badger of barley and to convert it into malt and the same to 
sell in Charde and Ilmister markets. [5.^., xxx, 4.] 

24. With regard to the petition of the parishioners of 
Chewton concerning the deserted child of Alice Elme [Wells 
Sess. 1617-8, No. 12] which was referred to the two justices next 
to Shorscombe, the parishioners of Chewton do now allege that 
they could not procure any two of the said justices to meet 
conveniently since the last Sessions : Referred again to the two 
next Justices and Sir Thomas Bridges, knt, Francis Baber and 
Nathanael Styll, esquires, or any two of them, to examine the 
said cause and take such course therein as to them shall seem 
requisite. And if the inhabitants of Chewton shall be freed from 
the charge of the said child, then they shall be repaid their 
charges by the parishioners of that place where the child shall 
be maintained, 



232 &omerget (Quarter 



25. On the appeal of William Moore of Blagdon against an 
order made by Sir Ed ward Rodney, knt, and John Maye to pay 
six pence weekly for the support of the child of Elizabeth 
Robbins of Priddy, " charging one other to be the father : " 
Referred to Sir Edward Rodney, Knt., and John Maye, esq., to 
re-examine the said cause and the proofs on both sides, and to 
certify their doings to the next Sessions. 

26. An order made by Sir Francis Heale, knt., and Edward 
Rogers, esq., the Qth of February, 1617-8. 

Anthony Gillinge of Wollavington shall pay eight pence 
weekly to the churchwardens of that parish, to be kept as a stock 
and applied to the necessity of the child ; and shall enter into 
security for the due performance of this order. 

Agnes Barrett, the mother of the child, shall keep the child 
herself ; and for her offence therein shall be whipped by the 
constable or tithyngman of the parish. 

27. The order against which William Moore appealed ; 

No. 25. 

28. An order made by Sir Thomas Phelipps and Sir Edward 
Hext, knts., the I2th day of April, 1618. 

Edward Laver of Martock, yeoman, shall pay twelve pence 
weekly for the support of the child Margaret, daughter of Ann 
Knight, widow, and shall be bound with sufficient securities in 
twenty pounds for the performance of this order. And as the 
said Ann Knight hath been of lewd conversation before this last 
offence, she shall receive punishment according to the Statute. 

29. An order made at Old Cleeve the 8th day of April, 1618, 
by George Luttrell and John Trevelian, esquires. 

John Winter, the reputed father of the child, shall pay weekly 
sixteen pence to the overseers of the parish of Timberscombe 
where the child was born ; and shall put in good and sufficient 
securities unto the authorities of Timberscombe, and of Car- 
hampton where the child was begotten, or otherwise be com- 
mitted to the common gaol within this County. 



Corner &tt (Quarter **iton4 Ifocorte. 233 

As Priscilla Spurrier, the mother of the child, now languisheth 
by reason of extreme sickness, as soon as she shall be able safely 
to travel, to be brought before the said Justices to receive such 
punishment as by law is required. 

30. An order made the 8th day of April, 1618, by George 
Luttrell and John Trevelian, esquires. 

John Vicary of Dulverton, the reputed father, to pay four 
pence weekly to the churchwardens and overseers of Cutcombe, 
and enter into bond with sufficient securities, or else be committed 
to the Common Gaol. 

Joan Viccary, the mother of the child, shall endeavour herself 
to the uttermost of her power to cherish, nourish, and maintain 
her child or else be committed to the house of Correction. And 
for her corporal punishment she is to be whipped by the officer 
of Cutcombe or his sufficient deputy in the market place of 
Dunster on Friday the I3th day of this present month about 
ten of the clock in the forenoon. 

31. An order made the nth day of April, 1618, by John May 
and Nathanael Still, esquires. 

Christopher Locke, the reputed father, shall pay six pence 
weekly to the churchwardens and overseers of East Brent, the 
money to be kept for a stock for the placing of the child. 

Joane Eale, the mother of the child, to keep it herself, or else 
pay the weekly sum of twelve pence. 

Both parties to put in sufficient security unto the officers for 
the performance of this order. 

The said Joane Eale shall be publickly whipped at the nearest 
market town on the next market day. 

As it doth not plainly appear but by the confession of the 
mother that the said Christopher Locke is guilty of the said 
offence, he is left to be farther ordered herein by the Ecclesiastical 
laws. 

32. An order made on a reference from the last Sessions being 
a difference between John Symes and Richard Brangwell, by 
James Bysse and William S wanton, esquires, the I3th day of 
April, 1618. 

2 H 



234 ^omenfet (Quarter 



" Finding in our own consciences upon due examination of 
the said cause according to divers proofs at Brewton on Saturday 
last " that Richard Brangwell is the very true reputed father of 
the base child of Anne Stephens, he is to pay eight pence 
weekly to the overseers of Evercreech. 

Anne Stephens, the known mother of the child, shall nourish 
and breed it up until it shall be able to serve a master. 

Both parties to enter into bond to perform this order. 

The said Anne Stephens to receive due punishment by 
whipping as the law requireth. [SJ?., xxx, 5.] 

33. An order made on the 26th day of January, 15 James 
[1617-8], by John Maye and Francis Baber, esquires. 

John Guillinge, the reputed father, shall pay six pence weekly 
to the churchwardens of Compton Martin, the said money to be 
reserved for a stock for the placing of the child. 

Agnes Nye, the mother of the child, of Bickfold in Compton 
Martin, shall keep the child herself without receiving any allow- 
ance out of the said stock or otherwise to be burdensome to the 
said parish, and if she refuse then to pay twelve pence weekly. 

Both parties to put in sufficient surety by bond or otherwise 
for the performance of this order. 

For the punishment of the said Agnes Nye, she shall be 
brought by the overseers and churchwardens to the nearest 
market town and there be stripped from the neck to the girdle 
and openly whipped on a market day. 

As the reputed father doth not confess the said fact, he is 
left to be further ordered therein by the Ecclesiastical Laws. 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT TAUNTON the 7th, 8th, and 9th 
days of July, 1618, before Sir Robert Phelipps, Sir Edward 
Hext, Sir Francis Heale, knts., John Francis, Thomas 
Southworth, Edward Popham, John Coles, Francis Baber, 
Christopher Preston, James Bysse, John Symes, Thomas 
Symcocks, James Clarke, Thomas Windham, and Thomas 
Brereton, esquires. 



(Quarter $*&umd ifttcorte. 235 



1. Thomas Windham, esq., is at this Sessions appointed 
Treasurer of the Hospitals for the west division, and Edward 
Barckley, esq., for the east division. 

And Christopher Preston and Thomas Symcocks, esquires, 
to take the account of James Clarke, esq., late Treasurer for the 
west division. 

2. Whereas William Engram, a very old man, hath appealed 
against an order made by Sir Nicholas Halswell, knt, and 
Robert Cuffe, esq., that he should pay eight pence weekly for the 
support of the child of Mary Cheade : It is now ordered that 
he shall pay four pence, and John Hacker, a young man, shall 
pay four pence of the said sum. Either party refusing to be 
bound over to the next Sessions. [No. 23.] 

3. On a petition by the inhabitants of the town of Evell 
[Yeovil] that the number of Alehouses doth far exceed that for 
which they have occasion : Ordered that there shall be only 
nine allowed within the burrough and two without, and those to 
be kept by such persons as by Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir 
Edward Hext, knts., justices for that limit, shall be thought fit ; 
who have likewise order from this Sessions to suppress the 
others. [S./?., xxx, 59.] 

4. Upon complaint of the inhabitants of Durston that of late 
they have been charged with the payment of 19 shillings and 
6 pence towards the relief of the hospitals and maimed soldiers 
instead of 9 shillings and 9 pence yearly ; and that the Constable 
of North Petherton had from time to time received the same at 
the hands of the churchwardens of Durston, which overcharge 
was thought unreasonable, and the more in regard that the 
parish of North Petherton, being far greater, is charged but with 
39 shillings: the Court being desirous to be satisfied how 
Durston came to be charged double and to ease them of it, do 
order that Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, knts., and 
Robert Cuffe, esq., or any two of them shall hear and examine 
the proofs and allegations, and shall set down such indifferent 
order for the easing of Durston, and to certify the same at the 
next Sessions. 



236 ^ommlet Quarter 



5. On a 'petition from the inhabitants of Stringston that 
Joane Sage, who for divers years hath lived in service at 
Stogursey, was on the third day of May delivered of a base child 
in an outhouse at Stringston, whereof she nominated one 
Richard Matthew of Stogursey to be the reputed father ; and 
that the said Joane was on her recovery sent by pass to Stogursey 
where she stayed on a short time, but is now wandering about 
the country, and doth intend (as they are informed) to return to 
Stringston : Ordered that the said Joane and her child shall be 
settled and provided for at Stogursey. [S.R., xxx, 38.] 

6. Whereas John Puddy was not long since sent from 
Huntspill to Wells as a vagrant and from thence sent back 
again : upon motion made at this present Sessions it is ordered 
that the consideration of the cause shall be referred unto the next 
Wells Sessions when the Court will take such order as to justice 
and law shall appertain. [S.R., xxx, 48.] 

7. On a petition from Justian Crosse, late bailiff of Milverton, 
that during the said office he disbursed 3 pounds 16 shillings and 
one penny which he cannot receive again of the inhabitants of 
the said burrough : Referred to Humfry Windham and John 
Colles, esquires, to examine the said cause, and take such course 
as they shall think fit. [S.R., xxx, 51.] 

8. Whereas the constables and inhabitants of Martock 
complain that there have been many alehouses lately set up to 
the great annoyance of the most part of the said inhabitants : 
Ordered that besides the Inn there shall be only two alehouses to 
be kept by persons thought fit by Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir 
Edward Hext, knts. [S.R., xxx, 72.] 

9. Ordered by the Bench that the churchwardens and 
overseers of Wyvelscombe shall make a new rate for the relief 
of the poor this year, the rate to be tendered to two justices 
in or near the place for the allowance and confirmation 
thereof. 



(Jluarttr ^estet'ontf 3fUcoi*tf$. 237 



10. On a petition by Henry Bulpayne that he hath had great 
loss by reason of the inundation of the fresh water last year : 
Ordered that he receive 20 shillings from the Treasurer of the 
Hospitals for the west division. [S.R., xxx, 49, 50.] 

11. Ordered that Richard Russell and his wife shall continue 
at Philipp's Norton in any house they can procure for their 
money until the Justices of that limit shall take other course for 
their settling. [S.R., xxx, 47.] 

12. Whereas there was a reference at the last Ivelchester 
Sessions to Sir Robert Phelipps and Sir Edward Hext, knts., 
concerning the placing of William Wytherell, where it appeared 
that he was not lawfully settled at Stoke under Hambdon, where 
he then was and yet remaineth, whereupon he was ordered to be 
whipped and sent by pass to Dolishe [Dowlish] in this county. 
And now he has married Grace, daughter of John Bushop of 
Stoke, a very poor man, whereby the parishioners of Stoke are 
like to be charged with the keeping of the said Wytherell, his 
wife being with child : Ordered that he and his wife be forthwith 
sent to Dolishe to be received and settled. 

13. On complaint made by the parishioners of Stoke under 
Hambdon that John Baunton, Thomas Baker, and Thomas 
Brayne will not maintain their hedges at the hill there, by reason 
of which the sheep going upon the hill do break into their corn 
fields to their great hindrance and losses ; for which they cannot 
procure remedy, for that they have not had any court these two 
or three years last past : Referred to Sir Robert Phelipps, knt, 
to call before him the said parties, and to order and determine 
the cause as he shall think fit. [5.^., xxx, 70.] 



14. On a petition from Richard Perram of Chew Magna, 
labourer, that he hath no convenient place where to live or abide, 
for that he is a maimed soldier : Referred to Sir Thomas 
Bridges, knt., and Francis Baber, esq., to examine the same, and 
to do therein as to them shall seem most convenient for and 
concerning the same. [.S../2., xxx, 71.] 



238 $om*r0et 



15. On a petition from the inhabitants of Cheddon that they 
have so many poor people that they are not well able to relieve 
them, and therefore desire that some of the parishes near of 
better ability might be ordered to help and ease them therein : 
Referred to the nearest Justices to take such course therein as 
shall seem requisite and wise. [5.^., xxx, 37.] 



1 6. Whereas there is difference between John Hawker of 
Curry Mallet, husbandman, and Tomsin Lumbard* of the same, 
touching certain monies in his hands, of which he promised to 
allow the said Tomsin the use of six pounds, and was thereupon 
discharged of any farther trouble, but now utterly refuseth to 
give any allowance at all: Referred to Sir Robert Phelipps, knt, 
and Christopher Preston, esq., to examine the said differences 
and to do therein as they shall think fit. 

17. Whereas certain Hundreds were taxed for the levying of 
money for the relief of the infected of the plague in the town 
of Minehed, which money should have been paid over unto the 
High Constables of every Hundred, but is not as yet fully levied ; 
and whereas one Francis Pearce of the same town, by the 
appointment of the Justices near adjoining did undertake to 
victual and provide the necessaries of life for the infected people 
for which there yet remaineth due and unpaid twenty pounds or 
thereabouts : Ordered that the Justices of the limits near shall 
examine all accounts and to certify at the next Sessions what 
money is uncollected or unjustly delayed by any persons 
employed for the relief of the said infected people, that farther 
order may be then taken for the satisfying of the said Francis 
Pearce. 

1 8. Concerning the matters alleged against Thomas Downe 
of Charlton Horethorne [Wells, 1618 ; No. 17] : Sir George Speke, 
knt., and James Bysse, esq., do certify that at one only time a 
man was found drunk upon a Sunday, for which the man was 
punished according to the Statute (but not proven that he was 
made drunk in Downe's house), and some others found drinking 
on another Sunday, both which offences were committed long 



(Quarter &t&io\'i$ t&ecortte. 239 



sithence ; that the house stood remote, and that there was one 
inn and one other alehouse in the town of Charlton ; that the 
said Downe had brought a certificate subscribed by the most of 
the inhabitants that he hath ever lived orderly and kept his 
house in good order, and always used the poor people well in his 
measure and in uttering good and wholesome beer, while the 
other alehouse keeper being a very poor man is not always 
well supplied : Ordered that the said Thomas Downe be con- 
tinued a tippler for this year, and to take a licence from the 
Court, and so after as he shall behave himself. 

19. Whereas Roger Osborne, blacksmith, hath lately come 
to Taunton with a great charge of children, and hath set up a 
forge in the market place near the house of Robert Moggridge, 
to the nuisance and damage of his neighbours : Ordered that 
he shall forthwith pull down the said forge, and also give 
good security before the third day of August next for the 
discharging of his said charge of children, or else to be sent to 
Cardiff from whence he came. 

20. Whereas Thomas Lambert a/s. Wilkins was bound over 
by Robert Wright, D.D., to Ivelchester Sessions and continued 
to this present Sessions, because he is accused by Mary Collins 
to be the reputed father of her base child, and the said Lambert 
goeth about to prove John Collins, father of the said Mary 
Collins, to be the father of the said child : Referred to Robert 
Wright, D.D., and Thomas Southworth, esq., to hear and take 
such course as shall seem requisite ; and in the meantime 
Lambert to be discharged of his appearance at the Sessions. 

21. Order made by Sir Edward Hext, knt, and Thomas 
Symcocks, esq., the 2Oth day of June, 1618. 

William Creese, of Puddimore Milton, husbandman, the 
father of Mary Walter, the base child of Ellinor Walter, spinster 
of the same place, who is now dead, shall pay one shilling 
weekly for the support of the same, and shall be bound with 
sufficient sureties in the sum of twenty pounds, or else to take 
the child and free the parish of any charge that may grow unto 
them thereby. [S.R., xxx, 68.] 



240 



22. Order made by Sir George Speke, knt, and Christopher 
Preston, esq., the 25th day of April, 1618. 

John Hill of Ludney in the parish of Kingston [Kingstone 
nr. Ilminster], labourer, the reputed father, shall pay six pence 
weekly for the maintenance of the child, and become bound for 
the performance of this order. 

Katherine Whittenole of Kingston, the mother of the child, 
shall by her own industry maintain the child so far as she shall 
be able. [S.R., xxx, 67.] 

23. Order made by Sir Nicholas Halswell, knt, and Robert 
Cuffe, esq., the i6th day of February, 1617-8. 

William Engram of Durston, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay eight pence weekly for the relief of the child, 
and shall be bound with sufficient securities in twenty pounds for 
the discharge of the obligation. 

Mary Cheade, the mother of the child, shall keep, educate, 
and maintain the same ; and if she refuse, being well able to do 
so, she shall immediately be conveyed to the House of Correction. 
And for her offence herein she shall be well whipped at Durston 
from the girdle upwards until her body be bloody. [See No. 2 
of this Sessions, S.R., xxx, 66.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT BRIDGWATER on the isth, i6th, 
and 1 7th days of September, 16 James [1618], before Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Sir Robert Phelipps, Sir Edward Hext, 
Sir John Windham, Sir Francis Heale, Sir Edward Rodney, 
knts., Thomas Southworth, George Luttrell, Edward Rogers, 
John Maye, Hugh Pyne, Edward Popham, John Symes, 
James Bisse, Robert Cufife, Thomas Brereton, James 
Clarcke, and Thomas Windham, esquires. 

I. Ordered that the parishioners of Donyhead [Downhead] 
shall provide a house for Phillipp Humfris to dwell in, according 
to the order made at Wells Sessions last twelvemonth [No. 18, 



(Quarter $*44fon0 3Ucortt3. 241 



Wells 1616-7], or show cause to the contrary at the next 
Sessions. 

2. Whereas the cause between John Hawker and Thomasine 
Lumbard [Taunton, 1618, No. 16] was referred to Sir Robert 
Phelippes, knt, and Christopher Preston, esq., who bound over 
the said Hawker to this Sessions for some contempt in the 
same : The cause is now referred to Hugh Pyne, esq., who is to 
set down an order therein, and if the said Hawker do refuse to 
perform the same, to bind him over to the next Sessions. 

3. Ordered that the cause of bastardy between Thomas 
Baker and Mary Anstice be referred to John Symes and 
Christopher Preston, esquires, to examine who is the father of 
the child, and to take requisite order therein. 

4. Ordered that the cause of bastardy alleged by Chanty 
Smocke against Thomas Shalder be referred to John Symes and 
Thomas Brereton, esquires, who are to take such order therein, 
as well for the whipping of the said Shalder (if they shall think 
fit) as shall seem requisite. 

5. Ordered that all issues by the several Hundreds and 
Boroughs on which there are now process upon an indictment 
for not repairing of Fleet bridge shall be stayed and not 
estreated. 

6. Ordered that all issues against the parishioners of Hill- 
farrance on which there are now process for not repairing of the 
highway shall be stayed and not estreated. 

7. Ordered that if any Justice of Peace within this County 
shall grant any licence for keeping of tippling [houses] in any 
other Justice's liberty or limit, that the same licence shall be 
suppressed and made void. 

8. Whereas heretofore on complaint made of abuses com- 
mitted in the warrens of Cothelstone and elsewhere in the 
western division, a warrant was granted by certain justices of 

2 I 



242 $om*r&t (Quarter 



taking of hayes [i.e. nets], ferrets, and dogs of such as have 
offended ; and whereas the said warrant hath remained dormant 
for six years, but hath now been executed upon Thomas Milton, 
of West Bagborough, without cause as he pretendeth : Ordered 
that John Symes, esq., shall examine the whole state of this 
cause, and certify his proceedings therein at the next General 
Sessions. 

9. On a petition of David Shutter touching certain money in 
the hands of Mr. John Mallett as executor of his brother Bawden 
Mallett : Order that Mr. Mallett shall repay the money ; and 
if he shall refuse to do so, then Shutter shall repair to some 
Justice of the Peace, who shall bind Mr. Mallett over to the next 
Sessions, unless he can show good cause to the contrary. [5 1 ./?., 
xxx, 94.] 

10. Henry Cotterell having as a maimed soldier a pension of 
four marks, has now taken in lieu and discharge of the said pension 
the sum of six pounds. [5.7?., xxx, 92, is his petition to the 
King, with an order from the Court at Theobald, 22 June, 1618, 
endorsed thereon. No. 93.] 

Robt. Phelipps. Nich. Halswell. Francis Hele. John 
Maye. John Symes. Hugh Pyne. 

11. Ordered that William Clu be suppressed in Langport, 
and a warrant of the good behaviour granted against him. 

12. Ordered that [ ] Sweet of Martock be suppressed, 
and a warrant of the good behaviour granted against him with 
sureties of five pounds " in subsidy (men) of the last subsidy." 

13. Order made at Taunton the I5th day of July, 1618, by 
John Symes and Thomas Brereton, esquires. 

Whereas by the examination of divers witnesses and by 
vehement suspicions it appeared that John Haine of Long 
Sutton, husbandman, is the reputed father of the child of Anne 
Chillcott, late of Milverton ; and that after the birth of the child 
at North Curry, the mother went to Long Sutton and left her 
child there, and hath fled away, and cannot be apprehended ; 
whereupon the reputed father not being then known, the child 



Quarter &tteion$ fatcort*. 243 



was returned to North Curry to the great charge of the inhabit- 
ants there : We do now order the said John Hayne to pay forty- 
seven shillings to the overseers of North Curry, and to take 
away the said child and keep it himself. [SJ?., xxx, 99.] 

14. Order made by Sir Robert Phelippes and Sir Edward 
Hext, knts., the loth day of September, 1618. 

John Randall of Odcombe, husbandman, the reputed father, 
is to pay eight pence weekly unless he shall otherwise sufficiently 
discharge the said parish of the child. 

Elizabeth Knight, the mother of the child, shall always keep 
and bring it up. [S.R., xxx, ioa] 

15. Order made by Sir Thomas Drewe, knt, and William 
Wallrond, esq., of Devonshire, the fourth day of September, 1618. 

Robert Rainsbury of Stawley, weaver, the father, shall pay six 
pence weekly to the churchwardens of Cleyhidon in co. Devon 
until the child shall be seven years old. 

Agnes Brenfeild, the mother, shall receive the said money and 
shall supply all other charges and maintenance of the said child. 
And for her punishment shall receive whipping the next market 
day at Cullompton in the open view of the congregation then 
and there assembled. [S.R., xxx, 74, 101.] 

1 6. Order made by Humfry Wyndham and John Coles, 
esquires, at Wivelescombe the third of September, 1618. 

John Combeare, the father, shall forthwith pay to Agnes 
Jeffery of Wellington, the mother of the child, sixpence for each 
week since the birth of the child for that he hath not paid nor 
given anything. Arid shall henceforth pay seven pence until 
the child shall get her own living. 

The said payment shall be given to the said Agnes Jeffery 
so long as she shall keep the child, or in default pay six pence 
weekly. And for her punishment she shall be openly whipped 
in Wellington on a market day within one month. [S.R., xxx, 

TO2.] 



244 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS on the nth, i2th, i3th, 
I4th, and I5th days of January 16 James [1618-9], before 
the Reverend Father in Christ Arthur [Lake] Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, Sir Francis Popham, Sir Hugh Smith, Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Sir Thomas Bridges, Sir Robert 
Phelippes, Sir John Horner, Sir Henry Barkeley, Sir Francis 
Hele, and Sir James Kirton, knights, Robert Wright, D.D., 
Gerard Wood, D.D., Thomas Southworth, Robert Hopton, 
John Maye, Francis Baber, James Bisse, Nathanael Still, 
Hugh Pyne, Robert CufTe, Joseph Rattle, John Merefield, 
and Edward Taynt [Tynte], esquires. 

1. Ordered that the Justices shall call the Constables of 
every Hundred within their several limits to a perfect account 
what they have done touching the order made for the levying of 
the money for the Muster master ; and that the Justices do take 
present course for the payment of the money already levied, and 
for the collecting of the residue ; and that such persons as refuse 
shall be bound over to the next Sessions to answer their 
contempt. 

2. Ordered that Sir John Horner, knt, Robert Hopton, 
Francis Baber, and William Capell, esquires, shall examine the 
differences between the parishioners of Emborowe and John 
Marchant and his mother, to order and determine the same, 
certifying their doings therein to the next Sessions. 

3. Confirmation of a former order giving permission to 
Timothy Sellwood of Brislington, by the consent of the 
parishioners and of the lord of the manor, to erect a house with 
half an acre of land adjoining. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 18.] 

4. In consideration of his losse from fire, George Mills is to 
receive fifty shillings from the Treasurer of the Hospitals of the 
western division. [5.^., iv, 112, antel\ 



Quartet $*&t(m0 3liUcor&$. 245 



5. According to a former order [Wells 1617-8, No. 2], 
touching the answering of all letters, proclamations, and such 
like, from the Lords of the Privy Council, Sir John Homer, 
Sir Henry Barkeley, knts., and Matthew Ewens, esq., are 
appointed for the east division ; and Sir George Speke, 
Sir Edward Hext, knts., and Thomas Brereton, esq., for the 
west division. 

6. Whereas at the last Wells Sessions [1617-8, No. 19], the 
difference between the parishioners of Pitcombe and Humfry 
Langier was referred to two Justices, and an order made. But 
the said order being lost, the said Humfry refuseth to perform 
the same. It is therefore referred to Sir Henry Barkeley, knt, 
and James Bisse, esq., to order the same according to their 
discretions ; and if the said Humfry refuseth to perform the 
same, then to bind him over to the next Sessions to answer for 
his contempt. 

7. On consideration of the difference between the parishioners 
of Compton Martin and of Blagdon touching the settling of 
William Norvale and Mary his wife, who were last settled in 
Blagdon for two years : Ordered that they be received and 
provided for at that place. 

8. On a motion by Richard Gregory concerning some lewd 
practise and behaviour that one Henry Ley of Wellington 
should attempt with one William Michell of the same, labourer, 
against the said Gregory : Referred to Humfry Wyndham and 
John Coles, esquires, to examine and to certify their doings 
therein at the next Sessions. 

9. The settling of Richard Wills is referred ta Sir Robert 
Phelippes, knt. 

10. Ordered that the money for the repairing of Heale 
bridge shall be paid according to the former order therein 
heretofore made. 



246 



11. On complaint by the parishioners of Keynsham it is 
ordered that Elizabeth Zealy of Hutton, whose child was 
born at Keynsham while she was travelling that way, shall 
be forthwith sent to Hutton where the child was begotten. 

12. According to a former order William Witherell shall be 
settled at Dolishe [Dowlish], and if a denial be made of the 
receipt of them there, the offenders are to be bound over to the 
next Sessions. Farther desired that Sir Robert Phelippes, knt, 
will examine whether Stephen Clarcke of Norton subter 
Hambdon with his family shall be settled, and to make an 
order. [vS.7?., xxxii, ii, 22.] 

13. On a petition preferred in the names of the lord and the 
tenants of Upton, Hugh Aishe, an honest painfull labouring poor 
man with charge of wife and children, has license for his cottage 
lately builded to remain, although there be not four acres of land 
laid thereto. [S./?., xxxii, ii, 32, 33.] 

14. The difference between Thomas Day and Christopher 
Latcham, touching a bond now in the hands of the said 
Latcham, is referred to John Maye, esq., who is to determine the 
same if he can. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 36.] 

15. On the petition of John Griffen of Lottisham's Green in 
the parish of Dichett, cordwainer, a very poor man with a wife 
and five children, license is granted him to build a cottage on 
the waste of John Cooper, who is seised in fee of certain lands 
there though there be not four acres of land, provided he obtain 
leave of the said John Cooper and of the parishioners of Dichett. 

xxxii, ii, 4.] 



1 6. On the petition of John Banwell of Stowey, a license is 
granted on the same terms as above. [S.K., xxxii, rt, 21.] 

17. Upon hearing of the cause of bastardy now in difference 
between William Moore and Thomas Willmott als. Bowltridge 
[ ] : ordered that Moore pay weekly six pence and Willmott 

two pence for the relief of the child of Elizabeth Robbins. 



Quarter J&r&ton* BccortJs. 247 



1 8. Touching the house for keeping the records. 

Be it known that through the great care and charge of his 
Majesty's Justices of the Peace of this County, a strong and 
convenient room adjoining to the Cathedral Church of Wells, by 
the consent of the Dean and Chapter there, is provided for the 
safe keeping of the Indictments, Inrollment of deeds, and other 
Records of the Sessions of this County, there to remain for ever 
hereafter, whosoever shall happen to be Clerk of the Peace, to the 
intent that such records may be extant hereafter upon all 
occasions at all times ; and that any purchaser of lands may (if 
they please) with more ease and less charge than in other offices 
in roll their conveyances in this county being acknowledged 
before any the Justices and the Clerk of the Peace of this county 
according to the Statute in that behalf, the Inrolment thereof 
to be safely kept in the safe room. 

19. Two Justices to view the same house every year to see 
the placing of the records. 

Forasmuch as Sir James Ley, knt, Custos Rotulorum of this 
County and other his Majesty's Justices of the Peace of this 
County have heretofore procured a room of the Dean and 
Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Wells adjoining to the 
same Church for the safe custody of the records of the Sessions 
of this County ; and the same room at the charge of this 
County is made fit and convenient for the same purpose, and 
the records accordingly therein placed : it is now thought fit 
that two Justices shall view the said room whether the records 
are well disposed of in the same ; and that the Clerk of the 
Peace at all times hereafter for the time being shall forthwith 
after the inrolment of any deed bring the same inrolment into 
the same room ; Arid also all other records of the Sessions as 
soon as the same become out of use there, to remain in the same 
room to be extant upon all occasions and all times : And it is 
desired that two of the Justices, to be appointed every Sessions 
to be holden at Wells for the better preservation and safe 
keeping of the said records, will from time to time and at all 
times hereafter examine the due and honest performance by the 
Clerk of the Peace for the time being ; Lastly it is ordered that 



248 ^omerSet (Quarter 

this order shall be published and made known for the good of 
the Country. 

[S.R.y xxx, 108, is the draft order for collecting 24/2', the cost 
of fitting up the room. The matter was first mooted at the 
Wells Sessions, 14 James, 1616-7.] 

20. Whereas there is a difference between the inhabitants of 
Evererich and the tithing of Chesterblade touching the payment 
of the hospital and maimed soldiers' money and other tithing 
rates, hitherto paid according to an indifferent tithing rate, but 
now refused by the inhabitants of Chesterblade : Referred to 
Sir Henry Barkeley, knt, and Robert Hopton, esq., to examine 
parties on either side, and to make an order. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 
350 

21. Whereas James Edwards was taken as a vagrant and 
wandering person in Stokelane [i.e., Stoke St. Michael], and after 
punishment sent to Hinton Mary in Dorset, where he was born, 
but was sent back to Stokelane, and being returned again, the 
inhabitants of Hinton procured an order from a General 
Sessions of Dorset for the removal back again of the said 
Edwards : Ordered on complaint of the inhabitants of Stoke- 
lane that the said Edwards be sent back to Hinton Mary for 
that by law he ought to be there settled and provided for. \_S.R., 
xxxii, ii, 9, ii.] 

22. On a petition from most of the inhabitants of Worle 
that there are two alehouses " where they allege there needeth not 
any," and that there is very much disorder, and many great 
abuses and wrongs done in them, to the great disturbance, charge 
and loss of the inhabitants of Worle, who now desire that the 
said two alehouses might be suppressed : ordered that the two 
houses shall accordingly be suppressed and put down, and the 
licenses, if they have any, taken from the owners. [S.R., xxxii, 
ii, I.] 

23. Whereas Humfry Wootten, gent, by his last will did 
give 3 pounds, 6sh. t and 8 pence to remain for ever as a stock in 



J^omertfet Quarter jbt$&itm HUcortte. 249 

the hands of the overseers for the poor of Rympton, to be em- 
ployed for their benefit and use ; and whereas William Payne, 
one of the overseers for the last year, received the money but 
utterly refuseth to give any benefit or allowance ; and the over- 
seers for this year also give forth speeches that they will not 
allow anything out of the increase, so that the poor are not like 
to have the benefit, but the overseers will make a gain thereof 
contrary to the will : Desired by the court that Sir Robert 
Phelippes, knt, will call the parties before him, and take such 
course as shall to him seem requisite and fit. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 23.] 

24. Certificate of John Symes, esq., dated the I ith of January, 
1618-9, concerning the complaint of Thomas Milton [Bridgwater 
Sess. 1618, No. 8.] 

The warrant was granted about four years last past, and 
executed about a year last past by the said Thomas Drake and 
others upon John Nation of Cothellstone, husbandman, who was 
then taking of conies in his own grounds with hayes [i.e., nets], 
which were proved to be the property of the said Thomas 
Milton, and lent by him to Nation ; whereuppon the said hayes 
were forthwith delivered by the said Drake to the said Milton in 
the presence of Mr. Symes. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 15, 16.] 

25. Report of John Symes and Christopher Preston, esquires, 
concerning a case of disputed paternity referred to them at the 
last Bridgwater Sessions [1618, No. 3], made at Chard nth Jan., 
1618-9. 

That William Wrench is the father of the child of Mary 
Anstice, and that Thomas Baker was falsely accused. [5.^., 
xxxii, ii, 13.] 

26. Order made by John Maye, Joseph Rattle, and William 
Capell, esquires, the i6th August, 1618. 

Robert Borowe of Bytsham [Biddisham] shall pay eight 
pence weekly to be used for the relief of the child, and for a 
stock to set him out ; and shall put in sufficient sureties for 
the performance of this order. 

Margaret Daye, late of Bytsham, the mother of the child, is 
now deceased, 

2 K 



250 J^onurtfet (Quarter 



Robert Borowe is to be censured by the Ecclesiastical Laws. 
[S.R., xxxii, ii, 12.] 

27. Order made by Sir Edward Hext, knt, and Hugh Pyne, 
esq., the 28th of December, 1618. 

George Rodbert of Borrowe in the parish of Kingsbury, 
husbandman, the father of Mary, daughter of Cicily Podger 
of Hambridge, in the parish of Curry Revell, shall pay ten 
pence weekly for the support of the child until it shall be twelve 
years of age ; and shall be bound with sufficient sureties in 
twenty pounds for the performance of this order. [S.R., xxxii, 
ii, 14.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT IVELCHESTER the 6th, /th, and 
8th days of April, 1619, before Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir 
Robert Phelipps, Sir Edward Hext, Sir Edward Rodney, 
Sir Henry Barckley, knts., John Powlett, Thomas South- 
worth, John Symes, Hugh Pyne, James Bysse, Christopher 
Preston, John Merefeild, Matthew Ewens, James Farewell, 
and Marmaduke Jennings, esquires. 

1. Ordered that Elizabeth Craste and her child shall be 
settled at Milborne Port, where she was settled for four years, 
although the child was born and the mother churched at 
Somerton, as they will answer the contrary at their peril. 

2. Ordered that the money for Heale bridge shall be 
presently brought in and paid, according to the former order 
therein made by all the constables of the hundreds that are 
behind for the same, upon notice of this order at their peril. 
Published in open court. 

3. Ordered upon complaint of Joane, the wife of Andrew 
Milles, now prisoner in Ivelchester gaol, that the overseers of 
Stowell shall take his " living " \t.e. y holding] into their hands, 
and to manure it, and to give the said Andrew sufficient main- 
tenance and the" 1 residue to his wife and children, 



j>om(Ts'et (Quarter 



4. Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, knt, and Francis Baber, 
esq., to make an order for the maintenance of Elizabeth Taunton's 
child, whereof Robert Forde is the reputed father. 

5. The appeal of James Clegg from an order made on him 
as the reputed father of the child of Agnes Chilcott is deferred 
to the next Sessions. 

6. Referred to Sir Edward Hext and Mr. Thos. Symcockes 
to order the differences between Mr. William Bull of Wells and 
Mr. Walton of Shapwick. 

7. William Longe sworn at this Sessions constable for this 
year next ensuing for Tintinhull hundred. 

8. Whereas there have been several orders made concerning 
the manor of Draycott, and all the parties concerned were not 
present at this Sessions : The question is referred to Sir Robert 
Phelipps, Sir Edward Hext, and Sir Henry Barkley, knts., and 
Matthew Ewens, esq., or any three of them, to examine and 
certify at the next Sessions their proceedings ; and also to 
examine in what hundred Hescombe is. 

9. Whereas at the last Ivelchester Sessions, 16 James [1618, 
No. 6] the difference concerning the highways at Broadmerston 
[Marston Magna] was referred to James Bysse and William 
Swanton, esquires, and Mr. Swanton is now dead before settling 
the difference : It is now referred to Sir Henry Barkley, knt., and 
James Bysse, esq. [5.7?., xxxii, ii, 64.] 

10. James, son of William Spencer of Draycott, is discharged 
of his apprenticeship with John Peers, late of Cardeiffe in 
Glamorganshire, feltmaker, who hath gone out of the country. 
[S.R., xxxii, ii, 69, 70.] 

11. On the petition of the inhabitants of Milborne Port, that 
some have received certain inmates there, who are very likely to 
be much chargeable to the said parish : Referred to Sir Henry 



ommlrt (Quarter 



Barkley, knt, and Matthew Ewens, esq., to examine the cause, 
and to take order therein at their discretions. [5.7?., xxxii, ii, 
60.] 

12. Ordered that all the inhabitants of the parish of Shepton 
Mallett shall from henceforth watch the beacon of Rybery, and 
join now in the reparations of the same beacon, even as all other 
parishioners or inhabitants of liberties do now or heretofore have 
done. And that every person refusing shall answer for their 
contempt at the next Sessions. 

13. On the petition of Thomas Howse that he hath lived at 
Cheddar for a year and a half as the under-tenant of William 
Boole, and hath paid his rent when due ; yet, notwithstanding, 
the said Boole hath forcibly broke into his house on the last 
day of March last past, and doth detain it with his goods : 
Referred to Sir Edward Rodney, knt, and John Maye, esq., 
to examine the cause, and to take order not only for the 
delivery of the goods, but also for the settling of the petitioner 
and his wife. [5.7?., xxxii, ii, 61.] 

14. Order made the 7th April, 1619, by Sir Robert Phelipps, 
knt, and John Merrifeild, esq. 

John Annsell als. Channler of Stockwood in Dorset, yeoman, 
the reputed father, shall pay eight pence every Sunday after 
Evening prayer to the churchwardens of Yevill, until the child 
be twelve years of age ; and also be bound in twenty pounds 
with two sufficient securities. 

Judith Abbot of Yevill, the mother of the child, shall keep it 
or pay in default six pence weekly. 

15. Order made the 3Oth day of [ ] 1619, by Sir 
Edward Hext, knt, and Marmaduke Jennings, esq. 

Francis Gillet of Curryrevell, the reputed father, shall pay- 
four pence weekly until the child is twelve years of age, and 
enter into bond for the performance of this order. 

Alice Peeters of Curryrevell, the mother of the child, shall 
for her offence be whipped in Langport on market day. 



uarter &t&&ion& tfrecorlfsS. 253 



16. Order made at Nettlecombe the 5th April, 1619, by Sir 
John Windham, knt, John Trevelyan and Thomas Windham, 
esquires. 

John Bacon, the reputed father, shall take and maintain 
the child, and put in sufficient security to save the parish of 
Stogumber harmless. 

Frances Baker, of the same place, the mother, is committed 
to the House of Correction for one whole year according to the 
statute made 7 James [I]. 

17. Order made the 3ist March, 1619, by Sir Francis Hele, 
knt, and Edward Rogers, esq. 

Thomas Dudderidge of Overstowey, the reputed father, shall 
pay eight pence weekly to the churchwardens of Overstowey, 
and within ten days put in sufficient security for the performance 
of this order. 

Margaret Stamford of Overstowey shall keep her child 
Salathiel ; and for a punishment shall be whipped by the 
constable or tithingman of Overstowey aforesaid. 

1 8. Order made the 27th January, 1618-9, by John Treve- 
liarn and Thomas Windham, esquires. 

George Burgesse of Winsford, the reputed father, shall pay 
three pence weekly, and give security for the payment, or in 
default be committed to the Ilchester gaol, there to remain until 
he shall willingly do the same. 

Elizabeth Sulley of Winsford shall keep the child herself, 
and put in security for the discharge of the said parish, or if she 
refuse, to be sent to the House of Correction. 

19. Order made by Sir John Windham, knt., John Trevelian 
and Thomas Windham, esquires, the 24th of March, 1618-9. 

George Hill, the reputed father, shall pay at the rate of 
fourteen pence weekly from the birth of the child to the overseers 
of Dulverton, where the child was born and now is, and a similar 
sum weekly until it be bound an apprentice. This payment 
is in some relief but not in full discharge of the said parish, 
because the parishioners suffered Christian Denner of Skilgate, 
the mother, to escape, never seeking to have any order, albeit 



254 J^omenfet (Quarter 



they know her to be poor and a wanderer abroad long before 
she came to Dulverton. 

20. Order made at Midsomer Norton the 30th March, 1619, 
on the reference of certain matters. [Order No. 2, Wells 
Sessions, 1618-9.] 

Upon the examination of the differences between the 
parishioners of Enborrow and James Haiball and Margaret his 
wife, and of divers witnesses, it is found that divers incumbrances 
have happened to the said parish by reason of children born in 
their house by sundry incumbrances to the said parish, as also 
the unfit repair to the house by sundry strangers from remote 
parts, and of a child lately born there, of which Johane Clarke, 
their covenant servant, is the mother, and Thomas Worthington 
is the father, who hath fled out of the country ; and whereas 
Margaret Haiball had the government of the house, her husband 
living at Wells, and hath promised three pounds for the dis- 
charge of the parish of the last base child. We do order that 
the said James Haiball do pay to the overseers of Enborrow, 
three pounds six shillings at once and fourteen shillings more at 
Michaelmas ; that Thomas Worthington, as soon as he shall be 
found, shall pay twelve pence weekly to the overseers, who shall 
out of this payment repay the money to Haiball. 

The said Johane Clark keep her child herself and shall be 
whipped by the tithyngman or his deputy. Thomas Worthington 
is left to the censure of the ecclesiastical laws. 

John Homer, Robert Hopton, Francis Baber, William 
Capell. [S.R., xxxii, ii, 2 : petition against Hayball's 
house ; xxx, ii, 48, 75.] 

21. Order made by John Poulett and John Merrifeild, the 
5th of April, 17 James [1619]. 

William Bowden of Dinnington, baker, the reputed father, 
shall pay eight pence weekly, and give good security to the 
overseers of Georgehinton [Hinton St. George], for the perform- 
ance of this order. 

Johane Serchwell, the mother, shall keep and maintain her 
child until it be apprenticed or able to get her own living. 



<ttart*r $*&um0 tfocortte. 255 



22. Order made by John Trevelian and Thomas Windham, 
esquires, the 2nd of December, 1618. 

John Wrentmore of Wiveliscombe, the reputed father, shall 
pay seven pence weekly to the overseers of Luxborrow, and give 
good security, or in default be committed to the common gaol. 

Johane Bickham, the mother, shall be sent to the House of 
Correction at Taunton for one year. 

23. Order made at Wiveliscombe the 3ist of March, 1619, by 
Humfry Wyndham and John Colles, esquires. 

On the evidence of the midwife, constable and overseers of 
Milverton that Agnes Chilcott did charge James Clagge of 
Lymmington to be the father of her child, he was warned to 
attend for the clearing of himself, but did not come and the 
messenger was greatly abused. He was therefore ordered to 
pay nine pence weekly, and Agnes Chilcott was committed to 
the House of Correction. [No. 5.] 

Agnes Chilcott hath upon her oath freed James Clagge 
before the whole bench at Ivelchester. 

24. With regard to the petition from Weston Bampfeild 
[Ilchester Sess., 1618, No. 7.], it is ordered that Raynoll Hillard 
and others, having in their hands the money of Henry Martins, a 
lunatic, shall enter into .bond with one surety with the overseers 
of the said parish for the payment of the said money six months 
after the date of the said bonds, paying interest at the rate of 
ten pounds in the hundred per annum every six months ; and 
the overseers to employ the said interest towards the mainten- 
ance of the said Henry Martins. 

25. On the complaint of the parishioners of Bawdrip that 
certain parishioners do refuse to repair the causeway between the 
east gate of Bridgwater and Cranebridge according to an order 
made at the Ivelchester Sessions, 12 James [1614, No. 5] : Ordered 
that those refusing shall be bound over by any Justice of the 
Peace to answer for their contempt at the next Sessions. 
xxxii, i, 9.] 



256 J^omertfet (Quarter &t&6ism& 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT TAUNTON on the 29th and 
3Oth days of June and the 1st of July, 17 James [1619], 
before Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Robert Phelipps, Sir 
Edward Hext, and Sir Edward Rodney, knts., Thomas 
Southworth, John Symes, John Maye, Robert Cuffe, 
Thomas Brereton, James Clarke, Thomas Windham, and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esquires. 

1. On complaint by the overseers of Chewton that there are 
many cottages lately built there : Ordered that none shall be 
allowed to be erected without the consent of the lords of the 
manor and the parishioners with confirmation thereof in open 
court* [S.R., xxxii, i, 1,2, 3, 4.] 

2. As it appeareth by a letter from the Lords of the Council 
as by the knowledge of the Justices that Captain Francis Kirton 
hath performed many great and worthy services in the wars both 
in the realm of England, the Low Countries and elsewhere, and 
hath received many wounds and is maimed in his right arm : 
Ordered that he receive a yearly pension of twenty pounds by 
quarterly payments, to begin at this Session. [S.R., xxxii, i, 1 3.] 

Nich. Halswell, Edward Rodney, John Symes, John May, 
Ja. Clarke, Robert Cuffe, Marmaduke Jennings. [S.fi., 
xxxii, i, 7. The letter bears the autographs of G. Cant. 
Fr. Verulam Cane., E. Worcester, Pembroke, T. 
Arundel, H. Southampton, J. Digbye, Geo. Calvert, G. 
Carew, T. Edmondes, J. Cary, Robert Naunton, Jul. 
Caesar.] 

3. It is now ordered that the former orders concerning the 
repairs of the causeway between the east gate of Bridgwater and 
Cranebridge shall be frustrated and made void, as after hearing 
of both parties, it doth appear that the inhabitants of Bridgwater 
and Bawdripp ought to repair the said causeway. [Ilchester, 
1614, No. 5 ; Ilch. 1619, No. 25, S.R., xxxii, i, 9.] 



(Quarter de&tottf l&eajrte. 257 



4. Frances Baker of Stogumber is discharged from the House 
of Correction, on giving bond to John Bacon to pay twelve 
shillings yearly towards the maintenance of their child. 
[Ilchester Sess. 1619, No. 16, S.R., xxxii, i. 51.] 

5. Referred to Sir George Speake, John Powlett, and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esquires, to enquire into the differences 
between Will. Duncke als. Hellier, and John Hobman, and to 
certify their doings at the next Sessions. 

6. Margaret Legge, having become an idiot, and having 
other infirmities, is discharged from her apprenticeship with 
Gabriel Westover and Joan, his wife, who are to pay thirty 
shillings to the overseers of the parish in Taunton where the 
said Margaret, as being her birthplace, is to be provided for. 
[S.R. t xxxii, i, 21.] 

7. On a certificate from Nicholas Sydenham, gent, lord of 
the manor of Langford Budvile, that he hath given leave to the 
churchwardens and overseers to erect a house for the relief of 
the poor there upon the waste of the said manor : Ordered that 
the house may be built, although there be not four acres of land 
laid thereto. [S.R., xxxii, i, 10.] 

8. Whereas at the last Ilchester Sessions James Hayball's 
tippling house at Greenwoore was advised to be suppressed ; 
and the said Hayball hath in contempt let the house to John 
Helpes, who maintaineth tippling in the said house : Ordered 
that the house be suppressed, and that a warrant of the good 
behaviour be made against the inhabitants of the said house. 
[S.R., xxxii, i, 8.] 

9. Whereas there is a difference between the parishioners of 
Stanton Prior and William Richmand touching a house began to 
be built for the relief of the poor with the consent of most of the 
parishioners : It is referred to Sir Thomas Bridges, John May, 
Thomas Southworth, and Francis Baber, esquires, or any two of 
them, to examine and set down an order, finding in whose land 
the house is built [5.7?., xxxii, i, 12.] 

2 L 



258 ^omeniet Quarter &t**itm& 



10. Report by Sir Henry Barkleigh and Matthew Ewens, 
esq., that they find that Arthur Hide of Milborne Port is of good 
report and ready to take his oath that he is innocent, and that 
the woman, Johan Holway, by the course of her life appeareth 
to be of no credit ; but that they leave the matter to the better 
judgments of the Bench ; 28th June, 1619. [5.A*., xxxii, ii, 30.] 

11. Richard Davis, esq., to be Treasurer of the hospitals for 
the east division, and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., for the west. 
Robert Cuffe and Marmaduke Jennings, esquires, to take the 
account of the old treasurers. 

12. After hearing the appeal of James Clegg [Ilch. Sess. 1619, 
Nos. 5, 23], the order heretofore made shall be in all points void 
and of none effect ; and that Thomas Milton shall pay six pence 
weekly and Agnes Chilcott three pence for the support of the 
child. 

13. The recognizance of Pyke is respited to the next Sessions, 
as he did not appear here after he was bound by Sir Robert 
Phelipps. 

14. Michael Webber is discharged of his apprenticeship to 
John Stybbes, who is run out of the country, and is at liberty to 
serve any other man. 

15. If the executors of Robert Band [Baund] do refuse to 
pay to Francis Pearce of Mynehead the sum of twelve pounds 
sixteen shillings and nine pence, being what was left in his hands 
after building the pest house and victualling the infected people 
there, as appeareth by the certificate of John Trevelyan and 
Thomas Windham, esquires, the parties are to be bound to 
the next Sessions to answer their refusal. [Taunton Sess. 1618, 
No. 17 ; S.R., xxxii, i, 32.] 

1 6. Order made at Taunton the 23rd of June, 1619, by John 
Symes and Thomas Brereton, esquires. 

Robert Whitehead of North Curry, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay eight pence weekly, of which part is for the 



(Quarter $*&ton 3fUfor&jgf. 259 



relief and education and part for a stock towards the placing of 
the child. And he shall also enter into bond with security for 
the performance of this order. 

Agnes Yeard, the mother, shall keep the child, having such 
contribution from the said payment as shall be thought fit. 
[S.R., xxxii, i, 33.] 

17. Order made at Ilmister the I4th of April, 1619, by 
Sir George Speke, John Powlett, and Thomas Phillipes. 

George Humfry of Sevington, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay twelve pence weekly for the support of the male 
child of Margaret Edmonds of the same place, until it be bound 
apprentice. [vS.^., xxxii, i, 34.] 



1 8. Order made the 28th June, 1619, by Sir Robert Phillipps 
and Sir Edward Hext, knts. 

William Brodford als. Bayley of Puddimore Milton, husband- 
man, the reputed father, shall pay twelve pence weekly to the 
overseers of Long Sutton for the support of the child (until he 
shall take the same) of Mary Clarke of Long Sutton ; and shall 
enter into bond of twenty pounds to perform this order. [S.R., 
xxxii, i, 35.] 

19. The examination of the cause now in question between 
Chedder and Henton Blewett als. Colde Henton, touching the 
settling of Thomas Howse and Dorothy, his wife, is referred to 
Sir Edward Rodney, knt, and John May, esq., to determine the 
same, or to certify their opinions at the next Sessions. 

20. The examination of the cause now in question between 
Pitney and Long Sutton, touching the settling of William Feilde, 
with his wife and children, is to be tried at the next Sessions. 
In the meantime Fielde to remain with them at Pitney, or else 
pay six pence weekly towards their relief, and Pitney men to 
receive him. 



260 Jtamttfet Quarter &*ft$um0 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT BRIDGWATER the i4th, i5th and 
1 6th days of September, 17 James (1619), before Sir Edward 
Hext, Sir Robert Phelippes, Sir Edward Rodney, knts., 
Robert Wrighte, D.D., Thomas Southworth, Edward Rogers, 
George Luttrell, John Maye, John Symes, Hugh Pyne, 
Christopher Preston, Robert CufTe, James Clercke, Thomas 
Wyndham, Thomas Brereton, Marmaduke Jennings, 
Edward Tynte, John Merefeilde, and Edward Lancaster, 
esquires. 

1. The quarter's pension due to [ ] Webb of Kainsham 
as a maimed soldier is to be detained until the next Wells 
Sessions, when if Sir Thomas Bridges and Mr. Baber, or either 
of them, shall certify that he hath committed such misdemeanours 
and contempts of which he is accused, the pension shall be 
wholly taken from him. 

2. Although the Justices deny to grant and allow Richard 
Corbett any pension out of the maimed soldier's stock, for that 
they cannot find that he hath any way deserved the same ; yet 
in respect of his poverty twenty shillings is to be paid to him 
to bring him out of the country. 

3. Referred to Sir Thomas Bridges and Sir John Horner, 
knts., Robert Hopton and William Capelle, esquires, or any two 
of them, to examine the causes alleged by the parishioners of 
Empborowe [Emborough] against John Hillppes, who, with his 
wife and family, is lately come into a house at Greenwore within 
the said parish ; and if the house shall continue for habitation, 
yea or no, and if the man and his family shall continue there or 
not. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 3.] 

4. Referred to Robert Hopton and James Farwell, esquires, 
to order and determine the differences between Henry Smart 
and his wife, if they can, and to bind over either of them that 
refuse to perform the order. 



(Quarter j$t$\Qi\3 IGUairtfl. 261 



5. Ordered that all the Treasurers of the hospital and 
maimed soldiers' money that are in " arrerages " shall be called 
to an account what monies they have in their hands, and that 
their accounts shall be from henceforth kept with the records of 
the Sessions, that the Justices may still know what money is in 
the stock at all times. 

6. On the certificate of the right worshipful Robert Wrighte, 
D.D., canon residentiary of Wells, that Thomas Androwes hath 
leave of the Dean and Chapter to build a house on the west of 
their manor of Knapp in North Curry ; and also upon the request 
of divers parishioners the said Thomas Androwes hath licence 
to build a house, though there be not four acres of land laid 
thereto. [S.R., xxxii, i, 47.] 

7. Whereas the parishioners of Pitney have appeared and 
have failed to prove that William Feild with his wife and family 
ought to be relieved at Long Button [Taunton Sess. 1619, 
No. 20] : It is ordered that they shall continue at Pitney ; and 
further that the said Feild shall pay four pence every week to the 
overseers until he shall keep his eldest child at his- own charge. 
[S.K., xxxii, i, 55.] 

8. Referred to Sir Francis Hele, knt, and Robert Cuffe, Esq., 
to examine the particulars of a letter written to the said Sir 
Francis Hele, touching Christopher Smalland, and to make 
a certificate at the next Sessions. 

9. On a petition from William Davies, Clerke, William 
Masters, Richard Stevens and Dorothy his wife, a warrant of the 
good behaviour shall be awarded against Richard Newman of 
Wrentage [in North Curry] and all proceedings on an indictment 
preferred by the said Newman against the said petitioners shall 
be stayed until he be apprehended to answer what was informed 
against him at this Sessions. [S.^., xxxii, i, 53.] 

10. On a certificate and personal information of Sir Edward 
Rodney and John Maye, esq., it is ordered that Thomas Howse 
and his wife shall be conveyed to Henton Blewett, als. Colde 



262 ^ommlet Quarter &twitm& 



Henton, there to betake and set themselves to labour according 
to the law. [Taunton Sess. 1619, No. 19 ; S.R., xxxii, i, 52.] 

11. On a petition of John Mountyer, that whereas he hath 
been married and settled at Milton Cleveden for two years last 
past, the inhabitants there now go about to put him out of his 
house : Ordered that he shall quietly continue there, unless the 
inhabitants show good cause to the contrary at the next Sessions. 
[S.R., xxxii, i, 59.] 

12. Sir Edward Rodney, knt, is elected Treasurer for the 
maimed soldiers for this year to come. 

13. At this Sessions it is agreed upon that the composition 
shall hold for this county, and that in every limit special care shall 
be taken by the Justices in their several divisions that there be 
order taken for indifferent rates to be set on every man according 
to his means and estate, and that on complaint made by any 
that find themselves aggrieved, there be redress had by the Justices 
of the limit, and that no ancient prescription hold against the rule 
of discretion and good conscience. 

14. Referred to John Coles and Edward Lancaster, esquires, 
to examine the misdemeanours supposed to be committed by 
William Robbins, late deputy clerk of the market in the 
Milverton and adjacent hundreds, and to certify what they find 
at the next Sessions. 

15. Order made the i6th August, 1619, by Sir Thomas 
Bridges, knt., and Francis Baber, esq. 

Robert Ford of Kaynsham, tanner, the reputed father, shall 
pay twelve pence weekly ; and Elizabeth Taunton, the mother, 
shall keep the child without receiving any allowance, or in 
default pay six pence weekly. Both parties to put in sufficient 
assurance for the performance of this order. And whereas it 
appeared at the examination of the cause that there were diverse 
motions of marriage between the parties, and that they have 
received punishment by the ecclesiastical laws, corporal punish- 
ment of the said Elizabeth is foreborn. [Sj?., xxxii, i, 46, 75.] 



Quarter &eMong Ifocorttg. 263 



1 6. Order made at Minehead the 2nd August, 1619, by 
George Luttrell, John Trevilian, and Thomas Wyndham, 
esquires. 

Whereas Andrew Strong, late of Sellworthie, carpenter, is the 
reputed father, and Joan Hopkins, the mother, has been conveyed 
to Wales before she could have any punishment, and the parish- 
ioners of Sellworthie are now willing to accept of some reason- 
able matter from the said Andrew towards the relief of the 
child in respect of his poverty, hoping he will prove an honest 
man hereafter ; he is ordered to pay six pence weekly, and give 
good security for the same. And the said Joan Hopkins on her 
apprehension be committed to the House of Correction to receive 
such condign punishment as the law prescribeth. [5.^., xxxii, 
i, 45-] 

17. Order made the nth September, 1619, by Sir James 
Kyrton, knt., and James Farwell, esq. 

Nicholas Rogers the younger, of Stony Stoke, weaver, the 
reputed father, shall pay to the churchwardens, etc., of Cuckling- 
ton, ten pence weekly. Susan Marshe, the mother, to receive the 
money and keep the child, or on refusal to pay four pence weekly. 
And for good causes shown to us, William Fearce of Galhampton, 
weaver, shall also pay four pence weekly for the relief of the said 
child. William Pearce and Nicholas Rogers to give good 
security for the performance of this order. [5.^., xxxii, i, 44.] 

1 8. Order made by Sir George Speke and Sir Thomas 
Phelippes, knts., the i6th August, 1619. 

Whereas George Humfrie of Seavington Upton, husbandman, 
the reputed father, has been conveyed away by Richard and 
John Dun of Seavington Michael to some place to us unknown : 
the said Richard and John are each of them to pay six pence 
weekly to the churchwardens, etc., of Seavington Mary, and be 
bound in good security, until they bring forth the said George 
Humfrie. Margaret Edmonds, the mother, shall by her own 
industry keep the child so far as she is able. [S.R., xxxii, i, 
41.] 

19. Order made the i6th of July, 1619, by Sir Robert 
Phelippes and Sir Edward Hext, knts, 



264 domtttfet <&uarter 



George Cribbe, John Dyer and William Pype, all of Whit- 
combe in the parish of Martock, husbandmen, are each of them 
to pay six pence weekly for the relief of the base-born child of 
Joane Farmun ; and to enter into good security in twenty pounds 
each to perform this order. [S.R., xxxii, i, 76.] 

20. Order made the 6th of August, 1619, by Humfry 
Wyndham and John Coles, esquires. 

Thomas Nation, the reputed father, shall pay before the feast 
of St. Bartholomew to the churchwardens of Lidiard Episcopi 
six pence for every week since the birth of the child for that he 
hath not paid anything as yet ; and shall pay nine pence weekly 
from the date of this order. 

Mary Tucker, the mother, as well as for this offence as for the 
having of two former base children, shall be sent to the House 
of Correction for one whole year. [5.^., xxxii, i, 79.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS HELD AT WELLS the nth, i2th, i3th, 
1 4th and i$th days of January, 17 James [1619-20], before 
the Right Reverend Arthur [Lake] Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, Sir Francis Popham, Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir 
Thomas Bridges, Sir Robert Phelippes, Sir John Horner, 
Sir Henry Barkeley, Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Thomas 
Hughes, knts., Robert Wright, D.D., Gerard Wood, D.D., 
Robert Hopton, Edward Popham, John Maye, James Bisse, 
Marmaduke Jennings, Thomas Southworth, Matthew Ewens, 
James Clerke, William Capell, James Farwell, Edward 
Tynte, Richard Davies, and Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

[These orders are taken from the rough Minute Book 
1616-1624; the Order- Book being deficient^ 

i. Both the Richmans to be bound to the good behaviour 
and to pay their rates towards the building of a cottage as they are 
taxed with the rest of the parishioners of Stanton Prior, [See 
No. 24 of this Sess.] 



Quarter $*&um0 Btforfcie!. 265 



2. Milton [Clevedqn] is to provide for Mountyer, his children, 
because they were born there. Mountier and his wife to stay at 
Kilmington till farther order. [Repeated in 21. S.R., xxxv, ii, 
34, 41, 42, 43 (letter of Mr. Raynon).] 

3. The examination of certain abuses and misdemeanours 
committed by the clerk of the market and his deputies within 
the hundred of Milverton and other hundreds in the western 
parts is by the Court referred to John Coles, John Symes, Robert 
Cufife and Edward Lancaster, esquires, or any three or two of 
them, who are thereupon to certify their doings and opinions 
therein at the next Sessions. 

4. At this Sessions for the answering of the Counsell's letters 
[Privy Council], Baronet Phillipps and Mr. Coles for the wester 
division ; Sir Thomas Bridges and Mr. Capell for the easter 
division are appointed this year. 

5. Nicholas Staple of Locking is licensed to be a common 
badger of butter and cheese within this county to be sold in 
Wilts, Hamps., Dorset and Devon for one year, with four 
horses. 

6. Whereas the overseers and churchwardens of Cletworthy 
[Clatworthy] hold 20/2. belonging to John Comes the younger, 
an impotent person, who wishes to live at Wiveliscombe with 
his brother-in-law Robert Goodman ; and whereas the said 
Goodman is willing to receive him if he may have the 20/2'. for 
his own use : Ordered that the money may be paid, on a bond 
being given that the money shall be repaid if the said Comes 
return through any defect or ill usage of the said Goodman. 
[S.R., xxxv, ii, 9, 10, 73, 74.] 

7. Warrant for the good behaviour granted against William 
Cape of Wellington, constable, because he doth not execute a 
warrant, one for hurting another although he is daily in his 
company ; and the like against Thomas Bull for ill words in the 
same business, 

2 M 



266 Somerset Quarter 



8. The assuring of the County Court book in Sir Thomas 
Newton's year is referred to Sir Edward Rodney and Mr. 
Southworth. 

9. Warrant for the good behaviour against John Underwood 
of Evercreech for his disobedience and tongue to Mr. Francis 
Kirton at the muster. 

10. Mr. Ewens to pay one-half of the charge and the parish 
of Butleigh the other, till the woman can be found out farther to 
examine it. [See No. 22.] 

n. The recognizance of one bound to give evidence against 
one Vincent to be stayed, [on the application of] Mr. Hopton. 

12. Referred to Sir Henry Barkeley, Mr. Ewens, and Mr. 
Farwell to examine about William White. 

1 3. Thomas Tanner of Milverton, yeoman, is bound in 20/2*. 
with condition for his licence to shoot in a hand gun according 
to the statute. [33 Hen. VIII., c. 6.] 

14. Andrew Haverfild of Milverton, yeoman, is bound in 20/2. 
with condition to use his licence to shoot in a hand gun according 
to the statute. 

15. Licence granted to Richard Eyres of Chewton (the lord 
of the manor consenting with the churchwardens and steward) 
to build a house for habitation at the charges of the said Eyres 
and his friend ; the churchwardens and steward to appoint the 
plea. [Cancelled and entered in a more formal manner 
in 1 6.] 

17. On the petition of Thompson Reede of Chewton Mendipp, 
widow, a poor aged lame and impotent person, it is ordered that 
the churchwardens and overseers shall provide a house for her to 
succour and harbour herself therein, that she be not compelled 
to make any further complaint for the same. [5.7?., xxxv, ii, 

36.] 



(Quarter &tt*ism& tfooirte. 267 



1 8. On the petition of Joseph Starr and other inhabitants of 
Yeavell that Roger Ward of the same town hath lately sold unto 
seven or eight several persons a piece of ground not above three- 
quarters of an acre lying in a cornfield of Yeavell to build eight 
houses upon ; and one person hath already built a house, and 
the others are very active therein, by reason whereof, the 
petitioners have sustained many damages as they allege : 
Ordered that the building shall be stayed ; and that Sir Robert 
Phelippes will be pleased to examine the said premisses and to 
bind over to the next Sessions all such as shall go forward in 
the same building in contempt of this order. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 

35.] 

19. Susan Dredge, late covenant servant with one Henry 
Clercke at East Pennard, is to be sent there from Ditcheat where 
she now remaineth in respect she was begotten with child by 
Richard Lide at East Pennard aforesaid. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 6.] 

20. Licence granted to Tristram Laurence of Northover, to 
buy barley and oats to convert into malt for twelve bushells 
weekly of barley and oats for one year. 

21. Same as No. 2. 

22. After hearing of a cause of bastardy now in difference 
between Mr. Will. Ewens of Butleigh, and the parishioners of 
the same, it is ordered that Mr. Ewens do pay one-half of the 
cost of maintenance of the child and the inhabitants of Butleigh 
the other half, until Charity Lovedon, the mother, be found out 
and apprehended, whereby farther examination and order may 
be taken therein. 

23. Elizabeth Churcheyeard, widow, and her children are, on 
the petition of the overseers of Dowltinge, to be sent to 
Wincaulton to be received and provided for, unless the 
inhabitants show good cause to the contrary to Sir Henry 
Barkeley, knt., and Robert Hopton, esq., before the next General 
Sessions. [5.^., xxxv, ii, 4.] 



24. Upon hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishioners of Stanton Prior and John Richman of the same 



2 68 &omcrftt (Quarter 



clerk [in Holy Orders] and Will. Richman of the same, gent., 
touching the erecting of a house for the relief of the poor at 
Stanton : Ordered that John and Will. Richman shall pay all 
such monies as they are severally rated and taxed for the 
erecting of the said house. 

[Bastardy Orders sent to this Sessions will be found in S.R., 
xxxv, ii, 12, 13.] 



ILCHESTER, 1 8 JAMES, l62O. 

[The earlier parts of the proceedings including list of Justices 
present, and the Kalendar, are missing. The Kalendar will be 
found in S.R., xxxv, ii, 80.] 

1. Whereas William Hayle of Sanford Orcas, a very poor 
old man blind and crippled doth receive a very small relief from 
the overseers, and hath been relieved by his brother Thomas 
Hale of the same place, a poor man, not able to bear such a 
charge any longer, having impoverished himself thereby : 
Ordered and desired that Sir Henry Barckley, knt, and Matthew 
Ewens, esq., shall call the overseers before them, and order them 
to allow reasonable relief to the said Will. Hayle ; and farther 
to do therein as they shall think fit. [SJ?., xxxv, ii, 75.] 

2. John Parsons the younger, of Farmborowe, shall between 
this and the Feast of St. John Baptist next give sufficient security 
by bond or otherwise to the churchwardens and overseers of the 
said parish to discharge them from any charge which may 
happen from the said Parsons or any other which he hath brought 
or shall bring into the parish. In default to be bound over to 
the next Sessions to answer his contempt therein. 

3. Peter Bushe of Evercreech, gent, to deliver unto Susan, 
wife of John Locke, to the use of the said John the possession of 
a house at Evercreech which he now detaineth within convenient 
time. If he refuseth to be bound over to the next Sessions to 
answer the premisses. 



(Quarter ^estetmts &ecor&s. 269 



4. Tobye Mead shall quietly continue at Shepton Beauchamp 
in any house that he can rent for his money, so as he give 
security to the approval and liking of Baronet Phellips to the 
parishioners of Shepton B. to discharge them from any charge 
that may hereafter arise by his means. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 44.] 

5. Upon hearing the differences between John Merritt and 
Robert Tayler of Littleton, the court orders that Robert T. pay 
to John M. forthwith twenty pounds, and that all the differences 
now depending between them be referred to two of their 
neighbours to be fully determined, and moreover that the parties 
give mutual releases each to other. 

6. The order made at the last Wells Sessions touching the 
placing of John Mountyer with his wife and children shall stand 
in force until good cause be shown to the contrary in some open 
Sessions in respect that no material thing was now alleged by 
the parishioners of Killmington to induce the Court to alter their 
former order. 

7. A house of correction shall be erected within the eastern 
part of this shire ; and the justices of peace of the caster division 
or any six or more of them shall meet and appoint a place for 
the house and the means for building of the same, and to certify 
their agreement at the next Taunton or Bridgwater Sessions. 

8. Upon the petition of the inhabitants of Aller, ordered that 
all persons holding any ground in the parish shall pay pro- 
portionately all such taxes, rates and payments, as the inhabitants 
do pay. 

Thomas Phellips, Robert Phellips, Henry Barckley, Thomas 
Southworth, Christopher Preston, Matthew Ewens, Robert Cuffe, 
John Menfield, James Farewell, Edward Lancaster. [S.R., xxxv, 
ii, 49.] 

9. Forty shillings the remainder of a greater sum laid out for 
the apprehending of Thomas Pocock and others of Gregorystoke 
shall be collected and gathered of the inhabitants of North Curry 
Hundred by an indifferent rate to be made for that purpose. 



270 ^onurget (Quarter dt&umtf 



10. Whereas a petition hath been made to the Bench by the 
overseers of Clatworthy on behalf of the inhabitants of C. : all 
the parties concerned are to appear at the next general Sessions 
at Taimton, when the Court will hear the differences and take 
order ; and in the mean time the parish to reserve the twenty 
pounds unless sufficient security be given for the discharge of the 
said parish. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 73, 74.] 

11. On a petition to this Court by Joane Harvye of Evell 
(Yeovil) that whereas Barbara wife of John Gaylard of Mountague 
[Montacute] did covenant to send her three daughters to the said 
Joan to be taught to make bonelace for one year, they receiving 
two shillings and sixpence weekly for their maintenance ; that 
the parents had taken away the children when the best part of 
the year was coming on, they then being able to do some service 
and earn some money by their trade for the said Joane : desired 
that Sir Robert Phelippes, knt, will examine the parties and bind 
over to the next Sessions those found faulty therein, if he think 
fit. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 83.] 

12. Order made by Sir Henry Barckley, knt, Matthew Ewens 
and James Farwell, esquires, the i6th Oct. last [1619]. 

Peter Rugge of Weston Banfield the reputed father shall pay 
eight pence weekly until the child is seven years of age ; and 
shall also pay six shillings for the nine weeks between the birth 
of the child and the date of this order. 

Edith Parker the mother is to keep the child ; and for her 
offence is to be stripped bare from the waist upwards and whipped 
about the parish of Weston B. on St. John (Evangelist's) day 
after morning prayer. 

Both parents to give security to discharge the parish of the 
said child. [S./?., xxxv, ii, 76.] 

1 3. Order made by John Paulett and John Merefeild, esquires, 
the 20th April, 1620. 

Walter Burridge of Mysterton butcher, the father of the child 
of Grace Hilborne late of Creukerne deceased, shall pay eight 
pence weekly to the collectors of the poor of Crewkerne with all 
arrerage, until he shall otherwise discharge the said parish. And 



(Quarter ^csstons' Mtrovtis'. 271 



also give sufficient security to perform the said order. [S.R., 
xxxv, ii, 77.] 

14. Order made by George Luttrell, Thomas Wyndham, 
and Edward Lancaster, esquires, at Dunster the 5th February 
[1619-20]. 

On the confession of Mary Ewens the mother of the twin 
children, the examination of several witnesses, and the confession 
of Roger Maye the father that he hath already done penance for 
this fact in the parish church of Mynehead by order of the 
spiritual court testified by several parishioners, we do order, 

Roger Maye shall pay sixteen pence weekly to the overseers 
for the support of the children until they can be apprenticed, and 
shall give security for the performance or otherwise be committed 
to the common gaol there to remain without bail or mainprise, 
until he shall perform the same. Mary Ewens the mother shall 
do her uttermost endeavour to nourish and bring up the children 
or otherwise be committed to the house of correction. [S.R., xxxv, 
ii, 78.] 

15. Order made by John Poulett and John Merefeild, esquires, 
the 29th Sept., 1619. 

William Forde of Crewkerne the reputed father shall pay 
fourteen pence weekly, with all arrerage at the same rate, to the 
churchwardens every Sunday after evening prayer. Elizabeth 
Wheadon of C. the mother shall keep the child, receiving the 
said weekly payment. The said W. Forde shall give due 
security for the discharge of the parish. [S.R., xxxv, ii, 79.] 

1 6. Francis Baber, esq., is desired to cause whereof Thomas 
Hippisley of Chewton was bound over to this Sessions concerning 
the child of Edith Newbery, to determine the same if he can, 
and to certify his doing and opinion at the next Sessions. In 
the meantime the child to be sent unto Castle of Bristol to be 
received until farther order be taken. [5.^?., xxxv, ii, 92, 93.] 



17. Sir Thomas Bridges, knt.,and Robert Hopton and Francis 
Baber, esquires, are desired to examine whether the several 
cottages built a,t Midsorner Norton by John Hawkins, Will, 



272 ^onuraet (JHuarttr de&eiumd 



Davies, Henry Nevell, and Will. Sallesbury be builded contrary 
to the statute or not, and to make certificate thereof at the next 
Sessions. 

1 8. On a petition from the churchwardens and overseers of 
Chewton that there is a place or hamlet called Greene Oare farm 
reputed to be within the said parish for that the inhabitants do 
and have continually time out of mind, used to christen, marry 
and bury and resort to church at Chewton, notwithstanding the 
inhabitants of Green Oare refuse to pay or contribute to such 
rates and payments as they are assessed and rated by the 
parishioners of Chewton towards the church and poor, for that 
they pretend they are not within the parish : Desired by the 
Court that the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, Sir Edward Rodney, knt., Robert Hopton and Thomas 
Southworth, esquires, or any two of them will be pleased to 
examine the premisses and to set down an order therein. [5.7?., 
xxxv, ii, 94.] 

19. Sir Hugh Smith, knt, and Edward Tynte, esq., are desired 
to examine the business for which John Hasell of Bedminster 
was bound over to this Sessions ; and to order and determine 
the same, or otherwise to certify their doings and opinions therein 
at the next Sessions. [5.7?., xxxv, i, 4.] 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON on the i8th, i9th 
and 2Oth days of July 18 James (1620) before Sir Henry 
Portman, Baronet, SirNicholas Halswell, Sir Robert Phelipps, 
Sir Edward Hext, Sir Francis Heale, Sir Edward Rodney, 
knights, John Powlett, Thomas Southworth, Edward Rogers, 
John Symes, Francis Baber, Christopher Preston, Robert 
Cuffe, Thomas Brereton, George Brown, James Clarke, 
Matthew Ewens, Thomas Windham, .Marmaduke Jennings, 
Gawen Mallett, Richard Davies, and Edward Lancaster, 
esquires. 

I. All amerciaments concerning Heale bridge [in Bradford 
Parish] shall be stayed according to former orders therein made ; 



&omtttl*t (Quarter &tg$ion& ifttcortte. 273 

and it is referred to John Symes, Thomas Brereton and James 
Clarke, esquires, or any two of them, to examine and see if the 
said bridge be amended according to the former orders, and to 
examine likewise if there hath been any issues levied for the said 
bridge, and to do therein as law requireth. [vS.^., xxxv, i, 
40.] 

2. Whereas there hath been difference and controversy 
between the churchwardens and overseers of Clatworthy and 
Robert Goodman of Wiveliscombe concerning the keeping of 
John Comer the younger an impotent person and of twenty 
pounds now in the hands of the churchwardens, and several orders 
made ; all which have been read and the parties heard at large : 
Ordered that the parishioners shall keep the said Comer and the 
said money, unless the said Goodman shall become bound with 
sufficient securities to keep the said Comer and to discharge and 
free the parish of him. [../?., xxxv, i, 37, 38.] 



3. The young child which was found under a hedge in April 
last in the parish of Cutcombe is to be forthwith conveyed to 
Penmarke in Wales (where it was born) at the charge of those 
that were appointed to guard the supposed father to gaol. 

4. Whereas it appeareth that Minehead is often charged by 
reason of country towns with the maintenance of diverse Irish 
rogues and vagabonds which are sent thither to be transported 
into Ireland : Ordered that the tithying where such offenders 
are apprehended shall have the charge for their conveyance to 
Minehead, and that such necessary charges as shall be laid out 
afterwards for their relief and transportation be allowed out of 
the monies collected for the Hospitals for this time. 

5. Richard Wilkes als. Wheeler shall pay to George Morris 
six pounds for that he detaineth from the said Morris and Annis 
his wife goods to the value of sixteen pounds by virtue of a 
deed of gift made in trust to the said Richard by Thomas 
Hammon father of the said Annis, as appeareth by a certificate 
under the hands of Sir Thos. Bridges, Francis Baber, and 
Edward Tynte, esquires. And on his refusal the said Richard 

2 N 



274 j&omenfct (Quarter 



shall be bound over to the good behaviour until he shall satisfy 
the said six pounds. [5.7?., xxxv, i, 26.] 

6. Whereas it hath been ordered in open Sessions that the 
house of James Hayball at Green Oare upon Mendip be sup- 
pressed from tippling, and yet notwithstanding the occupiers of 
the said house continue to tipple without licence : Ordered that a 
warrant of the good behaviour be granted against Peter Bush, 
tenant of the said house, who doth keep a tippling house there 
contrary to the said orders and in contempt of the justices of this 
Court. [S.R., xxxv, i, 17, 25.] 

7. William Willmott of Penceford shall have 53^. ^d. paid 
to him by the Treasurer of the Hospitals of both divisions 
equally towards his losses by fire. [5.7?., xxxv, i, 28.] 

Nicholas Halswell, Edward Hext, Robert Phelipps, John 
Powlett, Francis Heale, Thomas Southworth, John 
Symes. 

8. On a petition from the inhabitants of Ballsborowe [Baltons- 
borough] that the parson and other farmers who have certain 
grounds within the said parish of a good value pay nothing 
towards the repairing of the highways leading to many great 
market towns, which are very founderous and bad, and that the 
said parson whose parsonage is of very good value is at no 
charge for repairing the chancel of the church : The said farmers 
and parson shall pay rateably with the rest of the parish towards 
the repairing of the roads, and the parson is to pay in like 
manner towards the repairing of the church unless they show 
very good cause to the contrary at the next Sessions. [5.7?., 
xxxv, i, i.] 

9. Robert Cooke shall have ten shillings allowed him by 
the Treasurer of the maimed soldiers towards his present relief 
for the hurts sustained by him in the late Queen's Majesty's 
service. 

Nicholas Halswell, Henry Portman, Robert Phelipps, John 
Powlett, Edward Hext, Edward Popham, 



(Quarter ^essums MrcortJ^. 275 



10, Ordered that one Clive shall have his pension taken from 
him, and shall not receive the same any longer, upon the cause 
now alleged by Sir Edward Rodney, knt, and John Pawlett, 
esq. 

n. Upon the petition of Guy Somer of Lillsdon in the 
parish of North Curry, and upon the certificate of Mrs. Joane 
Connocke, widow, lady of the manor of Lillsdon : Ordered that 
he may build a cottage on some part of the waste of the manor 
which cottage is to remain for ever to the use of the poor of 
Lillsdon, although there be not four acres of land laid thereunto. 
[S.R., xxxv, i, 1 8, 19.] 

12. Upon the petition of Henry Pittard a maimed soldier, it 
is ordered that his pension of 40^. be increased to 53^. and ^d. 
to be paid quarterly by the Treasurer of the maimed soldiers. 

Edward Hext, Robert Phelipps, Thomas Southworth, John 
Symes, Francis Baber, Marmaduke Jennings, Edward 
Lancaster. [vS 1 .^., xxxv, i, 30.] 



13. Whereas there is a difference between Adrien Howse 
and Nicholas Howse concerning a tenement whereupon an 
indictment was preferred at this Sessions for a forceable entry 
and detaining ; how by the consent of all parties John Symes and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esquires, are to order the possession of 
the tenement and the mean profits until the title be tried, and 
then to order the possession according to right. 

14. Whereas there is a difference between the parish of 
Milverton and James Clegge of Lymmington about the base 
child of Agnes Chilcott, and after an open hearing and examin- 
ing in open Court the said Clegge was discharged ; notwithstand- 
ing upon the farther complaint of the parish of Milverton, the 
Court will be pleased to examine the same at the next Sessions 
and make a final order therein. [5.^., xxxv, i, 72.] 



15. Matthew Ewens, esq., is appointed Treasurer of the 
Hospitals for the caster division, and Gawen Mallett, esq., for the 
west division. 



276 



And Francis Baber and Thomas Wyndham, esquires, are 
appointed to take the account of the last Treasurers. 

1 6. Alexander Howe has been elected to the office of 
constable of the Hundred of Kingsbury West and duly sworn. 

[At this place a leaf has been torn out of the order book, 
but on examination of the rough Minute Book the following 
order only appears to be omitted. It is therefore probable that 
the rest of the missing leaf was filled with bastardy orders as in 
the case of the following pages.] 

i6a. On a certificate under the hand and seal of Emanuell 
Sandys of South Petherton, gent, that he hath given leave to 
Richard Gill to erect a cottage upon parcel of his land ; the 
said cottage is hereby allowed to be erected. Although there be 
not four acres of land laid thereunto, so as the said Gill obtain 
the consent of the inhabitants of South Petherton. [S.R., xxxv, 
i, 53, 58.] 

17. Order made the 3ist May, 1620, by Sir Henry Barkley, 
knt, and James Farwell, esq., touching Mary, the base child of 
Agnes Browne, born at Gesper, in the county of Somerset, lying 
within the parish of Sturton in the county of Wilts. 

Humfry Langer of Bruham, innholder, the reputed father, 
shall pay eight pence weekly to the churchwardens and over- 
seers of Gesper after morning prayer at Sturton, including all 
arrerage from the birth of the child ; and shall also enter into 
bond to discharge the parish. 

Agnes Browne, the mother, shall keep the child ; and for her 
farther punishment shall be openly whipt at Bruton on the 
1st July being market day and at Bruham on the 4th July. 
[S.jR., xxxv, i, 46.] 

1 8. Order made the I2th July, 1620, by Sir Thomas Hughes, 
knt., and Thomas Southworth, esq. 

Mary Woburne of Coleford shall keep her child at her own 
charge ; Stephen Ruddle of Lighe, [Leigh on Mendip] collier, 
shall pay to the collectors of the poor for the parish of Stoke 



277 



Lane, six pence weekly towards the finding of the child and 
binding of her apprentice. 

The said Mary shall be whipped at the place where the child 
was born ; and the father having confessed to the fact shall be 
whipped also. [S.^., xxxv, i, 45.] 

19. Order made the ipth July, 1620, by John Symes and 
Robert Cuffe, esquires. 

John Sheppard of Linge, husbandman, the reputed father, 
shall pay eight pence a week since the birth of the child, to be 
paid monthly to the churchwardens and overseers of North 
Curry at the parish church ; and to give sufficient security for 
the performance of this order. Mary Guddridge of North Curry 
shall keep and maintain her child, being relieved by the church- 
wardens as need shall require. [5.^., xxxv, i, 31.] 

20. Order made by Thomas Wyndham and Edward Lan- 
caster, esquires, the 6th July, 1620. 

Agnes Milton of Exton the mother shall keep her child until 
the fourth of March next, and then Roger Pearce of Winsford 
the reputed father, who confesseth the same, shall keep the same 
and discharge the said parish of Exton from all burden or charge. 
., xxxv, i, 24.] 



21. Order made the I3th Juhe, 1620, by Sir Henry Barkley, 
knt, and Robert Hopton, esq. 

Richard Lane of Lovington, the reputed father, labourer, 
shall pay six pence w ekly unto the overseers of Evercreech in the 
church porch every Sabbath day after evening prayer to be 
employed for the use of the child for raising of a stock or other- 
wise. 

Mary Stevens shall keep the child herself if she be found 
able : and as soon as she shall be found strong of body, she shall 
be whipped until her body be bloody upon a market day publicly 
in Bruton about one of the clock in . the afternoon to be an 
example to others to avoid the like offence. 

The father and mother shall give security to perform this our 
order. [6*.^., xxxv, i, 9, 10.] 



278 ^ommfet Quarter 



22. Order made i6th July, 1620, by Sir Robert Phelipps, knt, 
and John Merefield, esq. 

William Jenkyns of Yevill, the reputed father shall pay eight 
pence weekly to the overseers of Yevill for the relief of the said 
child. 

Julian Pryde, widow, the mother, shall keep and bring up 
the child. 

Jenkyns shall enter into bond of 20/2'. with two sufficient 
securities to perform this order. [5.7?., xxxv, i, 13.] 

23. Order made the loth of May, 1620, by Sir John 
Wyndham, knt., Thomas Wyndham and Edward Lancaster, 
esquires. 

Roger Hooper of Wiveliscombe, shoemaker, the reputed 
father shall forthwith pay to the churchwardens and overseers of 
Brumpton Raph ten shillings which has been already laid out for 
the relief of the child ; and shall enter into bond within fourteen 
days of notice of this order to take the child and hereafter keep 
the same. 

Elizabeth Plaise of Brumpton now remaining in the house of 
correction in Taunton shall there continue according to our 
mittimus wherewith she was sent. [S.R., xxxv, i, 2.] 

24. Order made at Wiveliscombe the i/th of July, 1620, by 
Humfry Wyndham and John Colles, esquires. 

Thomas Hill of Wiveliscombe the reputed father shall pay 
ten pence to the churchwardens in the church there at or upon 
the Communion Table after divine service ended in the forenoon, 
to be paid to the mother or other person in charge of the child. 
And also eight pence for each week from the birth of the said 
child. 

Agnes Licester the mother shall keep the child or pay six 
pence weekly. 

Finally, for that it is alleged the said Thomas will fly and 
not perform this order, that he shall stand bound in recogni- 
zance from Sessions to Sessions until certificate be made by us or 
one of us that he hath given security with sureties for perform- 
ance of the said order, and discharge of the parish of Wivelis- 
combe. 



Quarter d*0*ion* t&ecorte. 279 



BRIDGWATER SESSIONS, 1620. 

\This portion of the book is in a bad condition, and much of it 
has perished, including the greater part of the list of justices 
presentl\ 

ORDERS. 

1. Thomas Windham, esq. chosen treasurer for the maimed 
soldiers for this year, and Marmaduke Jennings and Edward 
Lancaster, esquires, to take the account of Sir Edward Rodney, 
knt., the last treasurer. 

2. With regard to the renewed complaint by the parish of 
Milverton concerning James Clegg, it is now ordered that the 
discharge given to Clegg, at the last Taunton Sessions, shall in 
all points stand in effect without farther trouble to the said 
Clegg. 

3. Thomas Power to have ten shillings from the treasurer of 
the maimed soldiers in regard of some " maihme " he hath 
received in the war as he allegeth, whereby he shall be utterly 
barred from the having of any other pension out of this county. 

4. Edward Thomas of Milton, shall have forty shillings now 
paid him by the treasurer of the maimed soldiers in respect that 
he hath lost his left hand heretofore at a muster for which he 
was allowed four pounds, and this second payment to be in full 
satisfaction. 

Robert Phelipps, Edward Hext, Tho. Hughes, Edward 
Popham, Tho. Southworth, Robt. Cuffe, Ja. Clarke. 

5. Anne Laty is to be sent to Wells (when she was begotten 
with child), there to remain, unless cause be shown to the 
contrary at the next Sessions, 



280 ^otmrtfet (Quarter 



6. Agnes Houlder in margin. The order has perished, and it 
is not entered in the rough book. 

7. The appeal from an order made at the last Sessions con- 
cerning the highways and chancel of Baltisborowe [Baltons- 
borough] is adjourned to the next Illchester Sessions in regard all 
the parties were not now present. The farmers and parson to 
give notice of this order to the parishioners at their peril. 

8. Upon the petition of Christopher Daye and John 
Saunders of Stone Easton, the Court desires the two next 
Justices to examine whether the place whereon the petitioners 
have erected a cottage is fitting or no, and whether the same be 
built with the licence of the lord of the soil and the consent of 
the inhabitants, and to certify their opinion therein at the next 
Sessions. [S.R., xxxv, i, 69.] 

9. Upon hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishioners of Mark and Southbrent touching the settling of 
Robert Manshipp : ordered that he remain and continue at 
Southbrent, for that the Court doth as yet conceive that there 
he was last settled. 

And the two next Justices are to call the parishes before 
them, and to certify how they find it at the next Sessions that a 
final order may be made therein. [This last paragraph from the 
rough book. S.R., xxxv, i, 60.] 

10. On the information of Powell Daye that he was last 
settled at Kelston by the space of two years and a half, and hath 
since then never been settled elsewhere, but hath travelled up 
and down to settle himself, and hath now procured a reference 
from his Majesty about his settling : ordered that the said Daye 
shall remain at Kellston where the parishioners shall provide 
him a house for his money, or else to set him to work according 
to the law. [This is taken from the rough book. S.R., xxxv, i, 
63, is the petition to the King, endorsed with the royal command 
that it be attended to : from the Court at Salisbury, 8th August, 
1620, by John Suckling.] 



(Quarter jdt3$ion$ 2&ecortfg. 281 



n. Margin. An order to be published at this Sessions : . . . 
neglected. It is therefore in open Court now ordered that the 
Justices of Peace within their several divisions do deliver unto 
the Sheriff before the first day of November next a true note of 
all the freeholders within their several divisions to the end the 
sheriff may make a perfect book of their freeholders and deliver 
the same book unto the Clerk of the Assizes before the end of 
Michaelmas Term next that the service hereafter may be better 
performed. 

Laur. Tanfeild. Richard Hutton. 

12. Robert Jennings elected constable of the Hundred of 
Milverton is sworn in. 

Bastardy Orders probably entered at this Sessions : S.R., 
xxxv, ii, 95 ; i, 8. 

S.R., xxxv, i, 52. Christopher Smalland to have forty 
shillings from the Treasurer of the wester division, in considera 
tion of wounds received in Ireland. [S.R., xxxix, 30, 31.] 

S.R., xxxv, i, 55. Henry Babson to build a cottage at 
Priddie, though there be not four acres of land laid thereto. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT WELLS the 9th, loth, nth 
and 1 2th days of January, 18 James (1620-1), before Sir 
Henry Portman, Baronet, Sir Henry Barckley and Edward 
Rodney, knts., John Powlett, Robert Hopton, Thomas 
Southworth, Francis Baber, James Bysse, Thomas Windham, 
Edward Tynte, James Farewell, and Marmaduke Jennings, 
esquires. 

i. Sir Edward Gorges and Edward Tynte, esq., are appointed 
to answer such letters as shall come from the Lords of his 
Majesty's Council for the caster division ; and Sir John Windham, 
knt., and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., for the wester division, 
according to an order made at Wells, 1609. [S.R., xxxix, 81.] 

2 O 



282 Stamntfet (JEuartn* &t$&ion$ 



2. Edward Rogers and Robert CufFe, esquires, shall examine 
and " assewer " the " extrets " and amerciaments of the County 
Court book for the last year in the time of John Trevelian, esq., 
his " sheriffweeke." 

3. The cottage erected by Daye and Sanders is licensed by 
the lord of the soil, and the consent of the parishioners, also 
being erected in a very convenient place : it is therefore thought 
fit to be allowed, provided Hugh Halswell give consent, who 
claimeth some of the waste. [See No. 23 of this Sessions.] 

Francis Baber. James Bysse. Hugh Halswell. 

4. Whereas the Justices of the Peace of the several divisions 
have received the contributions into their hands for the King 
and Queen of Bohemia : it is now ordered that they shall pay 
the same to John Powlett, esq., who may pay over the same to 
the Ambassador of Bohemia, according to the request in his 
letter to the said Mr. Powlett. 

Henr. Portman, Robert Hopton, Edward Popham, Edward 
Tynte, Ric. Davies, James Bysse, Thomas Southworth, 
Henry Barckley, Francis Baber, Marmaduke Jennings, 
Edw. Lancaster, Jas. Farewell. 

5. Whereas Thomas Coxe, tithingman of Milton Clevedon, 
has informed the Court that there are 54^. and 10 pence 
owing to him from divers inhabitants for a rate made for the 
charge of the Muster, and such other occasions : all such as are 
behind in payment are to be convented before Sir Henry 
Barckley, who is desired to bind over all such as still refuse to 
the next Sessions. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 9.] 

6. Sir John Horner, knt, Robert Hopton, Francis Baber, and 
James Bysse, esquires, or any two of them, are desired to 
examine the petition of William Busher of Compton Dando ; 
and either order that he shall have a certain place of abode, or 
else certify their doings and opinions therein at the next 
Sessions. 



(Quarter &t**iim* ifocorte. 283 



7. The parishioners of Kelston have informed the Court that 
Powell Daye ordered to be settled there is a very unruly, disor- 
dered person, who cannot be trusted with any work ; also he 
hath a reversion of a tenement in Burnett, worth at the least a 
hundred pounds to be sold ; and he hath heretofore been ordered 
to be settled at St. George [Easton-in-Gordano]. It is now ordered 
that the overseers of the three parishes aforesaid shall attend at 
the next Ivelchester Sessions, when a final order shall be made ; 
and in the meantime Daye shall remain at Kelston and get his 
work where he can. [,S.^., xxxvii, ii, 41.] 



8. Whereas John Harbyn, esq., is chosen constable of the 
Hundred of Stone and Catisaish : ordered on good causes shown 
to the Court that he be discharged of the said office ; and that 
John Jacobb of Evell [Yeovil] be chosen constable in his room. 

9. Edward Orenge, esq., to pay one-third of the rates for the 
poor on that part of a farm in the parish of Buckland [Dinham] 
which he hath taken at a rack-rent from Mrs. Elizabeth Upton ; 
and Mrs. Upton in regard of the rack-rent shall pay two parts 
of the rates. [S.^., xxxvii, ii, 43.] 



10. On a petition of Richard Frye of Street, that he is a 
very poor man with a great charge of six small children, which 
are fit to be bound apprentice according to the orders heretofore 
taken by the Judges of Assize and Justices of Peace ; yet they 
are still remaining on his hands, and he can get no relief of the 
parish : Desired that the two next Justices of the Peace shall 
call Frye and the overseers and such others of the said parish 
as they shall think fit before them ; and to settle and bind forth 
such of the said children and take such further order herein as 
they shall think fit. [S.R., xxxvii, ii, 4.] 

11. On the petition of Mr. John Midlam of Axbridge, Sir 
Francis Heale and Edward Rogers, esq., are desired to call 
before them John Smyth, eldest son of Robert and Mary Smyth, 
his wife deceased, and to take such course that he may in some 
convenient time deliver up the portions of the younger children 
into some sufficient men's hands, or give security for the payment 



284 &omm{et (Quarter 



thereof when they come to years of discretion, as also for their 
present relief and maintenance. And farther to certify their 
doings at the next Sessions. [S.A*., xxxvii, ii, 3.] 

12. Sir Henry Barkley is desired to examine the petition of 
the inhabitants of Kilmington about the difference between 
them and Milton Clevedon concerning the placing of John 
Mountyer, his wife and children, and to order and determine the 
same if he can ; and if not, to certify his opinion therein to the 
next Sessions. [5.7?., xxxvii, ii, 44.] 

13. On the petition of Richard Rogers, John Cooke, and 
William Nevill of Berrowe, that by reason of a fire there on 
the 24th November last, they amongst others sustained much 
loss to their utter undoing unless they be relieved by the 
charitable benevolence of some well-disposed persons : John 
Maye and Joseph Rattle, esquires, are desired to examine the 
value of every man's losses, and whether they are utterly undone ; 
and to make certificate thereof at the next Sessions. [S.R., 
xxxvii, ii, I.] 

14. As it appears to the Court by a passe under the hand 
and seal of the Earl of Ormonth [Ormond], that Clement 
Stokes of Shepton Mallet was pressed for a soldier in the time 
of the late wars in Ireland, where he served six years under the 
said Earl, and there received divers hurts and maims, by reason 
of which now in his old age he is unable to maintain himself 
and family : Ordered that he shall have forty shillings yearly 
from the Treasurer of the maimed soldiers. [vS.^., xxxvii, ii, 
46, 470 

Henry Portman, Henry Berkley, Edward Rodney, John 
Powlett, Francis Baber, Robert Hopton, Ric. Davies, 
John Maye. 

15. On the petition of John Davies that he hath lived as an 
apprentice for seven years with John Combe of Elm, tayler, 
since which time he hath married a. wife in Chew Magna, yet 
now he cannot be quietly admitted to inhabit a house in Elm, 
nor in Chew Magna, nor in Chewstoke where he was born 



(Quarter &rt*itm* iecm-ti(. 285 



Robert Hopton, Francis Baber, and James Bysse, esquires, or 
any two of them, are desired to examine the said cause, and to 
order and determine the same if they can, or to certify their 
doings and opinions therein at the next Sessions. [5.7?., xxxvii, 
ii, 15.] 

1 6. Order made the 2ist October, 1620, by Sir Edward 
Hext, knt, and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., the two next justices 
to Compton Dunden. John Collins, butcher, and Dorothy 
Wootton, both of Compton, the parents of the child, are to pay 
six pence and two pence respectively for the relief of the said 
child to the churchwardens and overseers ; and further to give 
good security for the performance of this order. [SJ?., xxxvii, 
ii, 36.] 

17. Order made the I2th August, 1620, by Hugh Pyne and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esquires. 

Richard Evens of Ivelchester, labourer, the reputed father of 
the child, shall pay eight pence weekly to the churchwardens of 
Fivehead after Evening Prayer until the child be apprenticed. 
He shall also give bond with sufficient sureties for the perform- 
ance of this order. 

Joane Loscombe of Fivehead, the mother, shall nourish and 
keep her child ; and shall receive correction by whipping within 
the said parish at such convenient time as the churchwardens 
and overseers shall think fit. [S.R., xxvii, ii, 23.] 

1 8. Order made the i6th September, 1620, by Sir Henry 
Barklegh, knt, and James Farewell, esq. 

Giles Illin of Charlton Musgrove, "tayler," the reputed father, 
shall pay four pence weekly every Sabbath day after Morning 
Prayer for the relief of the child ; and give good security for the 
payment. 

Joane Williams of Charlton Musgrove, the mother, shall keep 
the child ; and shall be whipt by the constable or tithyngman or 
by their deputy until her body, bare from the girdle upwards, be 
bloody. [5.7?., xxxvii, ii, 16.] 

19. Whereas there is a difference between the parishioners of 
Lovington, Shepton Mountague and Gallington [Galhampton in 



286 ^ommfet (Quarter $*40um4 



North Cadbury] about the settling of William Giles, an old 
impotent man ; upon some cause shown it is ordered that he 
remain at Gallington with Mr. Morren. And Sir Henry 
Barkley, knt, Matthew Ewens and James Farewell, esquires, or 
any two of them, shall call the overseers and Will. Gyles, or such 
others as they think fit ; and unless they order to the contrary, 
the said Gyles shall remain at Gallington. 

20. It being alleged at this Sessions that William Smyth of 
Wedmore hath married the widow of Ralphe Holle of Dichett, 
whose three children received maintenance from their grand- 
father as long as he should live, and the said Smyth is a very 
disorderly fellow like to be chargeable to Dichett if he remain 
there : Ordered that Smyth and his wife be sent to Wedmore 
there to remain, unless the parish shall give security to Dichett 
to discharge them of any farther charge to be brought upon them 
by Smyth and his wife ; and the three children to remain at 
Dichett and have their yearly maintenance. [5.^., xxxvii, ii, 6.] 

21. Upon hearing of the difference between the parishioners 
of Shepton Mallet and Doddington, it is ordered that Roger 
Burges shall be sent to Doddington, where he was born, there to 
be received and provided for until the parishioners show good 
cause to the contrary ; since John Burges the father is not of 
sufficient means and ability to maintain himself, but would want 
himself were he not maintained by John Barnard, gent. 

22. Whereas there is a difference between the parishioners of 
Beniger, Nunney, and Stanton Drewe, touching the settling of 
Edward Marchant : Sir John Horner, knt, Francis Baber and 
James Bysse, esquires, are desired to call before them the parties 
on all sides, and to examine and determine the same : and if 
they cannot, to certify their opinions therein at the next General 
Sessions. 

23. On a certificate from Francis Baber and James Bysse, 
esquires, concerning a cottage built by Daye and Saunders at 
Stone Easton [Bridgwater Sess. 1620, No. 8]: Ordered that the 
cottage so built shall continue although there be not four acres 
laid thereunto. [See No. 3 of this Sessions. S.R., xxxvii, ii, 19, 20.] 



(Quarter $e0um0 Hfocortts. 287 



24. On a certificate from Sir Edward Rodney, knt, and 
Nathaniel Still, esq., that Robert Manshipp was last settled in 
South Brent : Ordered that he shall be settled there according 
to the certificate, as also according to the opinion of the Justices 
at Bridgwater where the cause was openly heard with the proofs 
on both sides. [S.R., xxxvii, ii, 9.] 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT IVELCHESTER on the loth, 
nth and I2th days of April, 19 James [1621], before Sir 
Robert Phelipps, Sir Edward Hext, Sir Henry Barckley, Sir 
Edward Rodney, knts., John Powlett, Thomas Southworth, 
John Stowell, John Symes, Hugh Pyne, Matthew Ewens, 
Edward Tynte, James Bysse, Marmaduke Jennings, John 
Merefield and Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

1. John Miller to pay Dorothy Miller 26sk. &d. at Midsummer 
next, and 6sh. 8d. every quarter day following, according to a 
former order had between them in the presence of Christopher 
Preston, esq., and to deliver up the bed and bedstead ; on refusal 
to be bound over to his good behaviour to the next Sessions. 

2. Upon the petition of the parishioners of Weston in 
Zoyland touching the placing of Christabell Hodge : Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, knt., Edward Popham and Robert Cuffe, 
esquires, or any two of them, to examine and determine in what 
parish the said Hodge ought to be settled ; or if they cannot, to 
certify their opinions therein at the next Sessions. [S.R., 
xxxvii, i, 44.] 

3. Upon hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishioners of Wrington and Congersbury : ordered that the 
base child of Mary Bussell shall be relieved at Congersbury where 
it was born. 

4. Upon full hearing of the cause of Powell Daye in open 
Court, it is ordered that he shall be settled at St. George's 



288 J^omereltt (Quarter 



[Easton-in-Gordano], where the parishioners shall provide him a 
house for his money that he may there set himself to work 
according to the law ; and if he shall at any time hereafter 
wander and travel abroad as formerly he hath used to do, then 
by Sir Hugh Smyth, knt, or Edward Tynte, esq., upon complaint 
he shall be committed to the House of Correction, there to be set 
on work according to the law. [5.^., xxxvii, i, 26.] 



5. All proceedings at the Sessions between William 
Walrond, esq., and the parishioners of Ilbruers touching a 
cottage built there shall be stayed, in that the parties are now 
at the Common Law. 

6. Sir Edward Gorges, knt., and Edward Tynte, esq., are 
desired to examine the truth of certain articles now preferred 
against Jenkin Davies, Clerke, and to certify their opinions 
therein at the next Sessions. 

7. On the certificate and relation now made unto the Court 
by Sir Henry Barkley, knt., and Matthew Ewens, esq., touching 
the settling of William Gyles [Wells Sess., 1620-1, No. 19]: 
ordered that he be sent with this order to Shepton Mountague 
there to be received and set on work. 

8. Sir Robert Phelipps, knt, is desired to examine the 
petition of the inhabitants of the Hundred of Houndesborowe, 
Barwicke and Coker, who account themselves over-burdened and 
charged in their payments towards the Composition money, and 
to certify his doings and opinion therein at the next General 
Sessions. [5.^., xxxvii, i, 14.] 



9. Upon sight of this order Thomas White of Tuttells, in the 
tything of Dowlting, who was presented at a law-day liolden 
for the Hundred of Whitstone the Thursday after Michaelmas 
last to be tythingman of the said tything for the year next 
following, is to repair to the two next Justices and there take 
his oath for the execution of the said office ; which if he shall 
refuse to do, he shall be bound to answer the premisses at the 
next General Sessions, and in the meantime to be of the good 
behaviour. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 7.] 



Somerset <&uartcr j$t$m\$ t&ecovtte. 289 

'-io. John Davies to be settled at Elm until the parishioners 
do show good cause to the contrary, in that it doth not now 
appear that he was ever quietly settled elsewhere since his 
apprenticeship there. [Wells Sess. 1620-1, No. 15. S.R., xxxvii, 
I 43-] 

11. All the differences between Nicholas Harvie, esq., and 
William Horte, his servant, and Thomas Smarte, clerke, are 
referred to the examination and determination of William 
Capell and John Smethes, esquires. 

12. Sir John Homer, knt., and Robert Hopton, esq., are 
desired to examine the petition of the inhabitants of Whatly, 
touching the placing of John Cayford. 

13. Order made the Qth April, 1621, by Sir George Speake, 
knt, and Marmaduke Jennings, esq. 

Andrew Markes of South Petherton, groom, the reputed 
father, is to pay one shilling weekly from the birth of Hester, 
base child of Johane Gregge of the same place, for the education 
and bringing up of the child, to the overseers every Sunday 
afternoon in the porch of the church. And he shall be bound 
with two sureties for the performance of this order. [S.ft., 
xxxvii, i, 32.] 

14. Order made the 9th April, 1621, by Sir Edward Hext, 
knt., and Marmaduke Jennings, esq. 

William Hobbes of Charlton Mackrell, miller, the reputed 
father, shall pay six pence weekly for the support of the child, 
and Agnes Moone, the mother, shall receive the money and 
keep the child ; and for her offence shall be severely whipped 
till her body be bloudy, [S.R., xxxvii, i, 31.] 

15. Order made the nth April, 1621, by Sir Robert Phelipps, 
knt., and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., the justices dwelling in or 
near the division where the parish church of Lymmington doth 
lye. 

Angell Smyth of Ilchester, the reputed father of the base 
child of Ellinor Pelly of Lymmington, shall pay forty shillings 

2 P 



290 $mn*rget Quarter 



to the overseers and churchwardens of the said parish in full 
recompense of such weekly payments as by the law the said 
Angell may be charged withal. And John Hedges, gent, John 
Ley, Thomas Lokier, and James Clegge, overseers and sub- 
stantial inhabitants, do agree to this order. [5.^?., xxxvii, 
i, 24.] 

1 6. Order made the 6th of April, 1621, by John Symes and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esquires. 

Whereas Thomas Langdon of Holcombe Rogus in Devon 
caused Mary Cole to be conveyed thence to Barrington, where 
her child was born, of which she accuseth Stephen Poole of 
Wellington, shoemaker, to be the father, who is now fled out of 
this country : We do order that the said Langdon shall forth- 
with give bond, with one other sufficient security, in forty pounds, 
to discharge the parish from any charges that may arise from 
the said child. And Pasche Stuckey, Gervys Betty, and the 
overseers of the poor of Barrington, with other substantial 
inhabitants, do agree to this order. [5.^., xxxvii, i, 19.] 

17. Order made the 2/th of March, 1621, by John Maye and 
Nathaniel Styll, esquires. 

Thomas Jourdan of Eastbrente, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay six pence weekly to the overseers and church- 
wardens of Winscombe at the end of morning prayer at the 
parish church, the money to be reserved as a stock for placing 
the child. Johan Stocke, the mother, shall keep the child, or 
else pay one shilling weekly, to be employed as the other money. 
Both parties to put in sufficient surety to perform this order. 
The mother, as soon as she shall be able to travel abroad, to be 
brought to the next market town and then stripped from the 
neck to the girdle and openly whipped, for an example of others 
to avoid the like offence. As the father is found guilty only on 
the confession of the mother, " we do forbeare to order hym any 
farther than before he is ordered." [5.^., xxxvii, i, 5.] 

1 8. Order made the 7th of April, 1621, by John Maye and 
Joseph Rattle, esquires, 



(Suartn* $*s4fon* t&ecorte. 291 



Symon Taylor, the supposed father, shall pay six pence 
weekly to the churchwardens and collectors for the poor of 
Congresbury from the birth of the child. Elizabeth Baker, the 
mother, shall keep her child without having any relief, or on 
refusal pay one shilling weekly. Both parties shall become 
bound for the performance of this order. 

Elizabeth Baker be whipped at the nearest market town 
from the girdle upwards, "and that we be certified of the 
execution." 

We leave Symon Taylor to be proceeded against in regard 
of punishment in the ecclesiastical Court. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 4.] 

19. Order made the 9th of April, 1621, by John Maye and 
Nathaniell Styll, esquires. 

John Neades of Hutton, husbandman, the reputed father, 
shall pay six pence weekly after the end of morning prayer, the 
money to be reserved for a stock for the placing of the child. 
Margaret Bagnall, the mother, shall keep her child, or, if she 
refuse, pay twelve pence weekly. Both parties to enter into 
bond for the performance of this order. The mother to be 
whipped through the nearest market town as soon as she shall 
be able to travel abroad. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 3.] 

20. Order made the 8th of April, i62i,byGawin Mallett and 
Edward Lancaster, esquires, at Milverton. 

Nicholas Parris of Langford Budville, carpenter, the reputed 
father, shall, at his own proper costs and charges, maintain and 
bring up the child, and save harmless the now and hereafter 
parishioners of Milverton by giving a bond of 20/2. to the church- 
wardens and overseers. 

Francys Coram, the mother, shall be sent to the House of 
Correction at Taunton, there to remain for one whole year, and 
not to be delivered from thence but according to the Statute 
made in the seventh year of the King's Majesty. [7 and 8 
Jac. I., c. 4. S.R., xxxvii, ii, 62.] 

21. By virtue of a reference from the last Wells Sessions 
[No. 6] concerning the settling of William Busher, labourer, it 
was found on examination that he hath worked in divers places 



292 $ommitt Quarter 



in Somerset and Gloucestershire, so that it cannot be found 
where he was lawfully last settled, and being now impotent we 
make an order, with consent of the overseers of Marksbury, 
where he was born, and of Compton Dando, where he was 
married, and of Busher and his wife, and of her parents : 
Busher shall return to Marksbury, there to live and work or be 
relieved by the parish ; Busher's wife to remain with her parents, 
and be relieved by the parishioners if she become chargeable or 
be enforced to return to her husband. " Which we commend to 
the consideration of the Justices as they in their wisdom shall 
think fit." 

Francis Baber. James Bysse. [S.R., xxxvii, ii, 63.] 

22. According to an order made at the last Wells Sessions 
[No. 19] we called before us the parishioners of North Cadbury 
and Shepton Mountague, as also William Gyles and James 
Morren, his late master, when we were earnestly entreated by the 
inhabitants of Shepton that, forasmuch as Sir Robert Gorges 
and others, the greatest payers within their parish, were not then 
in the county, and could not be made acquainted with the 
business, we would only set down the truth thereof and refer the 
judgment to the Justices ; which in regard we thought their 
motion reasonable and the matter not unworthy your considera- 
tion, we assented unto as may appear by this which followeth. 
., xxxvii, i, 22, 23.] 

Henry Barckley. Matth. Ewens. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON the 3rd, 4th, and 
5th days of July, 19 James [1621], before Sir Robert 
Phelipps, Sir Edward Hext, Sir John Windham, Sir Henry 
Hawley, knts., Thomas Southworth, John Symes, John 
Colles, John Stawell, Thomas Brereton, Francis Baber, 
Christopher Preston, James Bysse, Robert Cuffe, George 
Browne, Thomas Windham, Marmaduke Jennings, and 
Edward Lancaster, esquires. 



(Quarter $t&(ton0 3&ttotftt. 293 



ORDERS, TAUNTON SESSIONS, 1621. 

1. Sir Robert Phelippes to be Treasurer for the Hospitals for 
the wester division ; Sir Henry Barckley for the caster. 

James Bysse and Edward Lancaster to take the account of 
the last Treasurers. 

2. On the information of the inhabitants of the burrowe and 
parish of Taunton Magdalen, that there are certain amerciaments 
estreated out from the Court of Sessions upon some of the 
inhabitants aforesaid for a decayed highway called " Eastreate," 
and that there is levied on the goods of Lewis Pope, gent., one of 
the inhabitants, 4$s/i. 8<^., and a like sum on those of Charles 
Wyther ; and likewise there is paid to Christopher Browne, gent, 
the Clerk of the Peace for the discharging of peace preces in the 
same business 2%sh. ; and there is demanded a levy upon the 
general charge of the said burrowe and parish for hospital money, 
relief of maimed soldiers, sending of prisoners to the gaol, and 
for provision of powder in time of muster and training of soldiers, 
3/i. $sh. 2d. And whereas there has been time out of mind an 
Auger hole, sluce, gutter, or channell at the higher end of High 
street at Poole wall for the conveying of water into the said 
street, and by means the said channell doth run under the 
ground for a good distance, for want of repairing the water 
cannot have his passage, and the charge for doing it will not be 
so little as 3/2. 6sh. 8df., (which) cannot be raised but by a general 
rate, and the total is 1 2 /*. ush. 2d.\ Ordered that Andrew 
Hendley, esq., and Thomas Chicke, the now constables of the 
said Burrowe, shall pay and make a general rate upon all the 
inhabitants to raise the money ; and Jasper Chaplin and 
Walter Underwood are appointed surveyors and overseers for 
mending the sluice with the highway thereabouts. [S.R., 
xxxix, 34, petit, of C. Wyther.] 

3. Whereas there have been great complaints heretofore 
made touching the repair of the King's Highway called East 
street, from the east gate of Taunton almost to the Hospital of 
St. Margaret's called the Spittle ; and that there are diverse 



294 



issues estreated out of the Court of Sessions, pretending that 
inhabitants of St. Mary Magdalen should wholly repair the 
street, and that the inhabitants of St. James parish should not 
be chargeable further than the dropping of their " Evyes " 
[eaves] ; and the Court is informed that both parishes ought to 
join in an equal rate for the repairing of the street: Ordered 
that John Stawell, John Symes, George Browne and Thomas 
Brereton, esquires, or any two of them, be requested to hear and 
determine the matters in controversy, calling any persons whom 
it may concern to testify the truth either by circumstance or other 
testimony, at or before the 2Oth September next, to the end 
they may procure peace and quietness between the two parishes ; 
of which order and proceeding they are desired to make certificate 
at the next Sessions, which shall be for one binding and to 
be performed without contradiction by both parties. 

4. Upon the petition of William Macye that he let a spare 
house at Gregorystoke to Richard Buckland on condition that 
if the inhabitants should not allow of the same, then he should 
yield quiet possession ; yet, although the parishioners altogether 
dislike and disallow it, he would not perform the condition ; and 
when the said Macye on the 3rd July took quiet possession, the 
wife of the said Buckland violently brake Open the door upon 
him and thrust him forth again : Referred to Sir Edward Hext, 
knt., and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., to settle a course between 
them if they can, or to bind Buckland over to the next Sessions 
if he refuse to perform their order. [5.^., xxxix, 4, 36.] 



5. Christopher Smalland, in respect of his " maihme " great 
want and distress mentioned in his petition, shall have forty 
shillings out of the Hospital money for the wester division. 

6. Clement Doddrell of Shepton Mallett, in respect of the 
many grievous and dangerous wounds and mayhmes received in 
the Irish wars as appeareth by his petition, shall have forty 
shillings from the Treasurer of the maimed soldiers. [S.R., 
xxxix, 29.] 

7. On the petition of John Merriot that where he standeth 
engaged in a bond to the overseers of Glaston(bury) for the 



(Quarter $*00um4 2&ecortf$. 295 



discharge of a base-born child, for which William Hull, the 
reputed father, did promise to pay a sum of money and to free 
the petitioner : Referred to Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Thomas 
Hughes, knts., and Thomas Southworth, esq., to examine the 
truth of the business, and to settle a course, if they can, whereby 
the said Merriot might be released of his bond. [S.R., xxxix, 
6.] 

8. On a petition showing that where there hath been a 
county collection for the repairing of Heale bridge, some of the 
money has not yet been paid in, whereby the work is not 
finished, but likely to fall into decay again : Referred to John 
Symes, John Collis, Thomas Brereton, Robert Cuffe and Edward 
Lancaster, esquires, or any four of them, to examine what money 
is not collected, or collected and not paid in ; and also to call 
George Dynham, who was appointed overseer of the said work, 
to an account of what money he hath received and how he hath 
disbursed and employed the same, and farther to do therein as 
they shall think fit. [S.R., xxxix, 12.] 

9. On a petition of Amias Crosse of Sampford Arundell, that 
he had an apprentice put unto him from Bradford by the consent 
of the Justices of that " Lymitt," and that two years after the 
parishioners of Sampford Arundell put another apprentice on 
him, being an old man of eighty years ; and on his refusal, as 
there were others of greater ability who had no apprentice, 
imposed on him a rate of twelve pence weekly : Ordered that 
the said Crosse shall be discharged of the second apprentice 
and also of the weekly payment. [S.R., xxxix, 7.] 

10. On complaint made of many abuses and disorders that 
are kept in the Inn and Alehouses at Evercreech, and of the 
unfitness of the people and place for that there are market 
towns on either side within two miles : Referred to Sir Henry 
Barkley and Robert Hopton, esq., to call the said parties before 
them with some of the chiefest inhabitants, and examine the 
said abuses and disorders ; and if they see cause to suppress 
them from tippling any longer and to certify their proceedings 
therein at the next Sessions, 



296 &mnerg*t (Quarter 



11. Upon hearing the difference between North Cheriton 
and Compton Pauncefoott, it is ordered that William Whyte, 
with his wife and children shall be forthwith sent from Cheriton 
to Compton, there to be received according to the former order 
made by Sir Henry Barkley and Sir James Kirton, until the 
parishioners show good cause to the contrary unto the said Sir 
Henry Barkley and Matthew Ewens, esq., who have full power 
and authority to sett a final order in the same. 

12. Whereas at Bridgvvater Sessions last there were Issues 
returned upon diverse jurors within the Hundred of Kingsbury, 
for not appearing in a jury upon a traverse then to be tried ; 
and for that it now appeareth upon examination of the baylifTe 
of the Hundred, that they had no warning, whereby the Court 
conceiveth that the parties were wronged, and desireth they 
may be eased of their issues being returned forfeited, if it may 
be. 

13. Whereas the inhabitants of Elme did appear to show 
cause why John Davyes should not be settled there, and the 
contrary parties not present : Referred to Sir John Horner, 
Thomas Southworth, Francis Baber, and James Bysse, esquires, 
to call all the parties before them and examine the said differ- 
ence and at the next Sessions to certify their opinions that 
the Court may make a final order. 

14. Whereas George Knight, the reputed father of the base 
child of Christable Hodge, who was bound to appear at the last 
Ivelchester Sessions did there forfeit his recognizance, and that 
it is now alleged that he is fled the country at the instigation 
of Hugh Curie, his master, who hath some of his goods remain- 
ing in his hands to discharge the sureties of the said Knight, 
whereby the child remaineth upon the charge of the parish of 
Weston [Zoyland] : Referred to Sir Nicholas Halswell to call 
Curie and the overseers of Weston and such other witnesses as 
can testify anything before him, to examine the truth thereof, 
and if he see cause, to bind Curie to the next Sessions or other- 
wise settle an order ; and certify his proceedings at the next 
Sessions. [5.^?., xxxvii, i, 44.] 



Quarter d*04um Sftecortte. 297 



15. Whereas William Hutchins of Henton St. George, 
farrier, was at the Ivelchester Sessions committed to the gaol for 
six months for abusing Mr. Richard Gove, parson of the parish ; 
now on the request of Mr. Gove that the punishment may be 
mitigated, it is ordered that if Hutchins will submit himself to. 
the said Mr. Gove before John Pawlett, esq., and give security for 
his appearance at the next General Sessions, then he shall be dis- 
charged of his further imprisonment. [vS\^., xxxvii, i, 33, Articles 
of misdemeanour ; xxxix, 54, certif. of submission.] 

16. On a petition by the inhabitants of the burrowe of 
Taunton that there have not been any butts within the parishes 
of St. James and Hillbishoppes these many years : Ordered 
that the said parishioners shall forthwith make and set up butts, 
and maintain them, or otherwise proceedings will be taken against 
the refusers. [5.^., xxxix, 10.] 

17. On a petition from the churchwardens of Trull, together 
with the overseers and " sydemen " and diverse other inhabitants 
to be allowed to erect two cottages for the use of the poor of the 
parish upon some waste ground of the lord of the manor, the 
Bishop of Winton, lord of the manor of Taunton Deane, who 
hath given his consent ; consent is given by this Court. [S.R., 
xxxix, 13.] 

1 8. Order made the i6th June, 1621, by Sir Edward 
Hext and Marmaduke Jennings, esq. 

Thomas Wallis, junior, of High Ham, husbandman, shall 
pay six pence weekly from the birth of the child until it shall be 
twelve years of age to the churchwardens and overseers of High 
Ham, and shall be bound with sufficient sureties for the perform- 
ance of this order. 

Susan Wallys, the mother, is to receive the weekly payment 
and keep the child ; " and for this her notorious offence to be 
severely whipped to put her in mind how she doth offend in the 
like hereafter. [5.^., xxxix, 14.] 

19. Order made the 8th May, 1621, by Sir Henry Hawley 
and John Stawell, esq. 

2 Q 



298 



James Poole of Norton Fitzwarren, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay eight pence weekly to the churchwardens and 
overseers of Norton, and shall be bound with sufficient sureties 
for the performance of this order. Agnes Bristell, the mother, 
shall keep her child ; and shall on Sunday next after Evening 
prayer, be whipped severely through the street of the said parish 
by the tythingman or by one appointed by him. [S.R., xxxix, 
5-] 

20. Order made the 28th June, 1621, by John Maye, and 
Nathaniell Still, esquires. 

Thomas Androes of Winscombe, yeoman, the reputed father, 
shall pay eight pence weekly to the churchwardens and over- 
seers of Winscombe from the birth of the child until it can get 
his own living, the money" to be reserved for a stock to be raised 
for placing the said child. 

Joane Clarke, the mother, shall keep the child without any 
allowance, or pay twelve pence weekly from the time of refusal. 

Both parties to put in sufficient sureties for the performance 
of this order. 

The mother is to be brought to the next market town, and 
there to be stripped from the neck to the girdle and openly 
whipped. The father is left to be ordered by the ecclesiastical 
laws. [5.^., xxx vii, i, 49.] 



21. Order made at Watchett the 2nd June, 1621, by Sir 
John Wyndham and George Luttrell, esq. 

Laurence Cridland of Stogumber, husbandman, the reputed 
father, " which we are induced to believe partly because the said 
Cridland failed in making his purgation in the Spiritual Court," 
shall pay fourteen pence weekly to the churchwardens and over- 
seers of Stogumber, to be employed for the relief of the child. 

Elizabeth Phelpps, the mother, shall pay six pence, or in 
default foster, succour, and cherish her said child without any 
charge to the parish. Both parties to put in sufficient sureties 
for the performance of this order. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 48.] 

22. Order made the 24th June, 1621, by Sir Robert Phellipps 
and John Merefeild, esq. 



$omntfet K&uartn: ^etfBtmttf 3&ecort)f3. 299 

Robert Balch of Chesilborough, husbandman, the reputed 
father, in regard Joane Beard, the mother, of Lopen, is a very 
poor woman, shall from the birth of the child be at all charges 
for the sustaining and education of the child ; and shall enter 
into bond with two sufficient sureties to the overseers and 
churchwardens of Chesilborough to keep them harmless, and to 
perform this order. [S.R., xxxvii, i, 46, 47.] 

23. Order made at Dunster the 28th of June, 1621, by George 
Luttrell and Thomas Wyndham, esquires. 

George Williams 01 Crocombe, tanner, the reputed father, 
shall pay twelve pence weekly for the relief of the child, and 
discharge of the said parish, until it shall be bound apprentice. 

Joane Dawe, the mother, shall bring up her child or other- 
wise pay four pence weekly, as with the other payment, to 
the churchwardens and overseers, to whom they shall both give 
good security for the performance of this order. [5.^., xxxvii, 
i, 42.] 

24. Order made at Milverton the 8th of June, 1621, by 
Gawyn Mallett and Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

Christopher Gorton of Tolland, the reputed father, shall pay 
within ten days of this order to the mother of the child, Elizabeth 
Martin of Milverton, eight pence for each week since the birth 
of the child, for that he hath not paid nor given anything as yet. 
And shall at his own proper costs and charges keep the child, 
and give a bond of 40/2'. to the overseers and churchwardens of 
Milverton to keep them harmless. 

Elizabeth Martyn shall be committed unto the House of 
Correction at Taunton for one whole year to be punished and 
set on work ; and not to be delivered but according to the form 
of the Statute of 7 James. [SJ., xxxvii, i, 41.] 



25. On an appeal by Andrew Markes against an order made 
on him and certified at the last Sessions [Ilchester, No. 13]; it 
is now ordered that William Backe of Merriott, being the reputed 
father of the child, shall pay eight pence weekly to the overseers 
of South Petherton. And whereas the said Andrew Markes 
hath been taken very suspiciously at other times with Joane 



300 $om*r0rt (Quarter 



Gregg the mother, it is ordered that he pay four pence weekly 
for the relief and to make up some stock for the binding the 
child apprentice. 

The said Joane Gregg to remain in the House of Correction 
until farther order be taken for her. 

26. Whereas William Stowre cannot bring sufficient matter 
to ground an indictment against Henry Dabbinett for a supposed 
perjury in the Hundred Court of South Petherton : Sir George 
Speake and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., are desired to call the 
said parties before them, and after examination, to do as they 
shall think fit. 

27. On a petition of the churchwardens and overseers of 
Marke that there are many poor people there which are already 
and more every day likely to be chargeable by reason that there 
are so many children which are very "idely" brought up, so that 
the richer sort are likely to be overburdened with poor people 
unless some speedy course be taken for prevention thereof ; and 
that the churchwardens and overseers and divers substantial men 
of the parish have met together and appointed five masters to 
take as many children into their service whereof the masters 
were content, but two, Robert Graye and Thomas Clerke utterly 
deny to take any of the children : Ordered that Sir Edward 
Rodney and John Maye will be pleased to call all the parties 
before them, and after examination to take such course therein 
as they shall think fit according to law. 

28. Edward Tynte and William Capell, esquires, are desired 
to call before them John Vermouth his wife and children, and 
Richard Evans and his wife, and examine the many differences 
between them, and determine the same, if they can ; or if not, 
to certify their doings and opinions therein at the next 
Sessions. 

29. Upon the petition of Christopher Browne, executor of 
his father John Browne, late keeper of his Majesty's Gaol of 
Ivelchester, with a note of some particular charges laid forth by 
the said John Browne about the repairing of the said gaol, which 



(Suarter ^essionS Efiecortte. 301 



amount to 32/2'. 6sk. %d. : Ordered that the Treasurers of the 
Hospitals shall pay equally the sum of thirty-two pounds, 
" feefteen " [sic] pounds to be paid now, and the like sum to be 
paid at the next Wells Sessions. [S.R., xxxix, 40, 78.] 

Robert Phelipps. Henry Hawley. Christopher Preston. 

Edward Hext. John Stawell. Rich. Davies. 

Tho. Southworth. John Symes. James Bysse. 

John Colles. Tho. Brereton. James Farewell. 

Tho. Windham. Robert Cuffe. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT BRIDG WATER i8th, i9th and 
2Oth September, 19 James [1621], before Sir Edward Hext, 
Sir Francis Heale, Sir Edward Rodney, Sir John Horner, 
Sir Thomas Hughes, Sir Henry Hawley, Sir John Wyndham, 
knts., Thomas Southworth, John Symes, George Luttrell, 
Edward Popham, Hugh Pyne, Thomas Brereton, Thomas 
Windham, Robert Cuffe, Marmaduke Jennings, Christopher 
Preston, John Maye, James Bysse, John Merefeild, and 
Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

1. Sir Hugh Smyth is chosen Treasurer for the " Maihymed " 
soldiers for this year to come ; and John Maye and Marmaduke 
Jenninges, esquires, to take the account of the last Treasurer. 

2. Upon a full and open hearing of the cause in difference 
between Chewstoke and Elme : John Davies shall be settled at 
Chewstoke, for there he ought by law to be settled. 

3. Thomas Harrys having presented a petition subscribed by 
the greater part of the parishioners of Aishcott ; licence is 
granted that he may erect a cotttage en the waste of the said 
manor, though there be not four acres of land laid thereto. 

., xxxix, 62.] 



4. Desired that the Right Reverend Father in God Arthur, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells will be pleased to examine the 
differences between John Churchiss, clerk, and Simon Steevens, 
clerk, and to order and determine the same. [S.R., xxxix, 58.] 



3 02 



5. Upon hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishioners of Compton Martyn and Eastharptry, it is ordered 
that John Cannard be sent to Compton there to remain until 
good cause be shown to the contrary. 

6. When there have been diverse issues lost by the in- 
habitants of Williton Hundred for not repairing a bridge, which 
were estreated forth of this Court, and levied by the Sheriff upon 
Thomas Dawe only, whereas it was through the default- of the 
whole Hundred : Ordered that the Constable of the Hundred 
shall forthwith make a rate whereby the said issues may be paid 
by the whole Hundred. 

7. On the petition of Margery Sybley, a very poor woman, 
that she hath ever lived in the parish of II brewers, and for the 
last seven years in a house allotted her by the parish, but of late 
is put out of it, whereby she is utterly destitute : Hugh Pyne 
and Marmaduke Jennings, esquires, or one of them, are desired 
to call some of the inhabitants before them, and cause them to 
provide a convenient place for her to abide in, if they see cause. 
[S.R., xxxix, 73.] 



8. Mr. Cuffe and Mr. Lancaster have certified that the 
Hundreds underwritten are behind in their payment of the 
county rate for the repair of Heale bridge ; and it is ordered 
that the Constables of the said Hundreds shall forthwith levy 
the rate required. [S.R., xxxix, 72.] 



sh. d. 



Crewkerne, H 

Coker and Barwick 

North Curry 

North Petherton 1 
Bridgwater, B. J 
The widdowe Holcombe 

of the same 

Williton and Freemanors 
Glaston xii hides 

Stone with Evill 

Cannington, H 



6 
10 



16 8 



10 

20 
13 



Norton Ferres 

Brewton ... 

Wells forum 

Horethorne 

Tintenhull 

Hareclief and Bedminster 

Portbury 

Hampton and Claverton 



sh. d. 



II 


8 

8 


20 


o 


I 

7 
ter 60 
60 


2 

6 





n 20 






(Quarter $*44um0 Ifttcortte. 303 



9. Where there have been many orders and references 
heretofore concerning the settling of William White with his wife 
and children ; now upon full hearing of the cause, it is ordered 
that he shall be sent to Compton Pauncefoot, and North Cheriton 
absolutely discharged of them. [S.A*., xxxix, 70.] 

10. The Treasurer of the Hospitals of the east division shall 
pay twenty pounds to John Maye, esquire ; and he is to 
distribute it among the poor inhabitants of Berrowe, who 
suffered great loss by fire on the 24th November last. 

11. William Walton, an infant, the son of William Walton, 
lately brought from Pointington to Catcott to be nursed, where 
it may become chargeable, is to be forthwith returned to 
Pointington, where it was born. [S.R., xxxix, 86.] 

12. Whereas it is alleged that one Kingsbury, the wife of 
one Kingsbury, has been received into her mother's house at 
Chewton, while her husband lives elsewhere : Ordered that if she 
remain there her brother with her husband, or some other 
indifferent man, shall give security to the overseers to free the 
parish of any charge that may arise. 

13. Order made the 2ist July, 1621, by Sir Thomas Hughes 
and Thomas Southworth, esquire. 

John Cover, the elder, husbandman, shall pay six pence 
weekly to the parish of St. Benedict's in Glaston for the support 
of his base child, whose mother is Elizabeth Pumfrye. [S.R., 
xxxix, 69.] 

14. Order made the 9th April, 1621, by Sir Edward Rodney 
and John Maye, esq. 

Crispian Leache of Wedmore, husbandman, shall pay six 
pence weekly to the overseers of Wedmore after the end of 
Morning prayer, the money to be reserved for a stock to 
apprentice the child. 

Isabell Thorne, the mother, is to keep her child without 
receiving any allowance, or pay twelve pence weekly. Both 



304 ^omer^tt Quarter 



parties to give sufficient security for the performance of this 
order. 

The said Isabell is to be whipt through the next market 
town that others may avoid the like offence. As the father is 
only found so by the confession of the mother, no farther order 
is made for him. [5.^., xxxix, 68.] 

15. Order made the 25th August, 1621, by Sir Thomas 
Phelipps and George Speake, esq. 

John Sacer [also Sawcer] of Ivellchester, the reputed father, 
shall pay twelve pence weekly to the overseers and church- 
wardens of the town of South Petherton for the relief and 
maintenance of the child ; and shall enter into bond with 
sufficient sureties for the performance of this order. 

Dorothy Hutchins, the mother, shall keep and educate her 
child so far as she shall be able. [S.R., xxxix, 61.] 

1 6. Order made the 2 5 th August, 1 62 1 , by Sir Thomas Phelipps 
and George Speke, esq. 

John Ellis als. Litchett, late of South Petherton, shoemaker, 
shall pay twelve pence weekly from the birth of the child to the 
overseers and churchwardens of the town of South Petherton ; 
and shall become bound with sufficient sureties in twenty pounds 
for the performance of this order. 

Mary Edmonds als. Palmer, the mother shall, by her own 
industry and labour, educate and maintain her child. [_S.R., 
xxxix, 60.] 

17. Order made the 25th August, 1621, by Sir Thomas 
Phelipps and George Speke, esq. 

Lawrence Podger of Mydney [in Drayton parish] yeoman, 
the reputed father, shall pay twelve pence weekly from the birth 
of the child to the overseers and churchwardens of the town of 
South Petherton ; and shall become bound with sufficient sureties 
in twenty pounds for the performance of this order. 

Alice Hollande, the mother, shall, by her own industry and 
labour, educate and maintain her child. [5J?., xxxix, 59.] 



1 8. Order made the 6th June, 1621, by John Maye and 
Nathaniell Styll, esquires. 



(Quarter ^e^tonsi i&tcorte. 305 



Nicholas Graye, husbandman, the reputed father, shall pay 
six pence to the churchwardens and overseers of Marke every 
Sunday after the end of Morning Prayer, which money is to be 
reserved for a stock for the placing of the said child. 

Joan Brice, the mother, shall keep her child without receiving 
any relief, or in default pay twelve pence weekly. Both parties 
to give good security for the performance of this order. 

Joan Brice is to be brought, as soon as she shall be able to 
travel, to the next market town, and there openly whipt. As 
the reputed father is only convicted on the confession of the 
mother " we do forbear further to order him." [S.R., xxxix, 56.] 

19. Order made the 26th July, 1621, by John Maye, 
Nathaniell Styll, William Capell, and Joseph Rattle, esquires, 
assigned for the County. 

Whereas Mary Smithes, upon the several examinations, has 
accused two men, Henry Larrance of Wrington, yeoman, and 
Timothy Tuckey of South Brent, husbandman, and the said 
Larrance is gone out of the country, and therefore not likely to 
be free of the matter, and the said Tuckey is preferred by the 
mother : They are both ordered to pay six pence weekly, to be 
reserved for a stock for placing out the child, and they are also 
with the mother to put in sufficient surety to the churchwardens 
of Weere for the performance of this order. 

Mary Smithes, the mother, is to keep her child, and for her 
punishment to be openly whipped in the nearest market town 
as soon as she shall be able to travel. [S.R., xxxix, 55.] 

20. The certificate of John Maye and Joseph Rattle, esquires, 
assigned at the last Wells Sessions [No. 13] to enquire into 
losses by fire at Berrowe. 

On the evidence of William Frye, Thomas Warde, Hugh 
Gould, Richard Borough, Thomas Owen, and Hugh Sidnam it 
appeareth that Richard Rogers lost his dwelling-house with all 
belonging, which to replace will cost one hundred //., also eight 
loads of barley worth ten li., nine loads of wheat worth twenty 
marks, and five loads of hay worth five pounds, and household 
stuff worth twenty marks. He is a very poor man, who hath a 
small living worth ten pounds, lately bought out of the lord's 

2 K 



306 &omen?et (Suarter 



hands, and he standeth enabled to diverse persons for the 
purchase money, and hath a wife and three small children. 

John Ceek, a very poor man with a wife and two small 
children, had his hired house burnt with all his household stuff 
therein to the value of ten pounds, and hath nothing* left to 
relieve himself and his family. 

William Nevell, a very poor man and old, had his hired 
house burned down with all his goods to the value of ten pounds 
or thereabouts. 

The fire happened at Berrowe about St. Andrewes tide last. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT WELLS the 8th, 9th, loth 
and nth days of January, 19 James [1621-2] before Sir 
Nicholas Halswell, Sir John Horner, Sir Henry Barkley, 
Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Thomas Hughes, knts., Robert 
Wright, D.D., Gerard Wood, D.D., John Maye, John 
Stawell, Francis Baber, James Bysse, Hugh Pyne, Edward 
Tynte, William Caple, Richard Davys, and Edward 
Lancaster, esquires. 

1. John Maye and Richard Davies are appointed to answer 
the letters that may be received from the Lords of His Majesty's 
Council for the easter division ; and Sir Henry Hawley and 
Edward Lancaster, esq., for the wester division. 

2. John Symes and Christopher Preston, esquires, shall 
examine and assure the estreats and amerciaments of the 
County Court book for the last year in the time of Henry 
Headley, esq., his " shreifeweeke." 

3. On a petition of Robert Butt, with a certificate from Sir 
Henry Berckley, Matthew Ewens, esq., and the parishioners of 
North Cadbury, that he hath had great loss by reason of a 
fearful accident of fire last Candlemas : Ordered that the 
Treasurer of the Hospitals for the easter division do pay the said 
Butt five marks. [S../?., xli, ii, 10, u, 12.] 



307 



4. On a petition of the inhabitants of West Lydford, John 
Harbyn, gent., is ordered to pay all such tything rates as he is 
taxed within the said parish unless he show good cause to the 
contrary at the next Sessions. [5.^., xli, ii, 22.] 

5. On the petition of Thomas Frye and John Smith of 
Lullington that they have these many years executed the office 
of tythingman there, for that the rest of the inhabitants do refuse 
to undergo the office : Sir John Horner and Robert Hopton, 
esq., are desired to call before them the said parishioners, and 
to certify their doings and opinions at the next Sessions. [5.^., 
xli, ii, 29.] 

6. On the appeal of Timothy Tuckey against a bastardy 
order [Bridgwater Sessions, 1621, No. 19]; the order is declared 
void, and Henry Laurence shall bear the whole charge. 

7. Whereas of late time certain inhabitants of Whitstone 
Hundred have gone about to lay the office of tythingman upon 
many that are never chargeable therewith, but account themselves 
exempt : Ordered that those who have usually executed the 
office shall be only charged until they show cause to the 
contrary, and farther order be taken. [5.^., xli, ii, 27.] 

8. The treasurer of the maimed soldiers shall pay all arrears 
due unto Richard Gill, a maimed soldier, to William Drewse of 
North Bradley in Wilts, and shall continue to pay the pension 
to him as long as the said Gill shall be living. 

Nich. Halswell, John Horner, John Stawell, Ric. Davies, 
Edward Tynte, Hugh Pyne, Edward Lancaster. 

9. Arthur Raymond, keeper of the Common Gaol of Ivelchester 
is to have also the keeping of the House of Correction there ; 
and Richard Browne late keeper of the House is upon sight of 
this order to deliver over all the prisoners now in his custody, 
together with all documents relating to their committals. The 
treasurers of the Hospitals are to pay five pounds between 
them for repairs to the Gaol and House of Correction ; and 
Mr. Thomas Gould of Northover and Mr, William Beaton of 



308 j$omtt8tt (Quarter 



Ivelchester are desired to see the bestowing and disbursing 
thereof. The ten pounds and five pounds due and to be paid at 
this Sessions towards the relief of the prisoners in both the 
Gaol and the House shall be paid, 8//, losh. to Richard Browne, 
and 6/z. losh. to Arthur Raymod, by agreement and consent of 
both parties. 

10. Margaret Prewet to be settled at Filton als. Whitchurch, 
there to remain until better cause appear to this Court in open 
Sessions ; towards whose placing there Mr. Prewet hath 
promised forty shillings, which the Court expecteth he shall 
perform. [S.R., xli, ii, 21.] 

11. Richard Carter is allowed twenty-five shillings to be paid 
quarterly by the treasurer of the maimed soldiers, in respect of 
his service, being once pressed into France and another time into 
Ireland in the late Queen's reign, and of his service lately in 
Bohemia where he sustained many wounds, bruises, and hurts. 

Edw. Rodney, John Horner, Tho. Hughes, Edward Tynte, 
James Bysse, Fran. Baber, Jo. Maye, Ric. Davies. 

12. William Hole, having presented a petition subscribed by 
the parishioners of Hornebloton, has leave to erect a house upon 
parcel of an acre of land there, for as he doth procure licence 
from Thomas Dampier, gent, lord of the fee of the said premises. 
[S.R., xli, ii, 55.] 

13. On the petition of William Panter, Nathaniel Saunders, 
Clement Cogswell and Edmond Saunds [overseers of Kainsham], 
that eight years ago Thomas Carter and his wife died intestate, 
leaving six small children and forty pounds of goods ; and that 
William Byde with others, overseers, then hired William Flatcher 
to go to London to take the administration of the goods, by 
virtue thereof Byde and Flatcher became possessed of the said 
goods ; and whereas 'Byde is now dead and John his son is his 
executor : Referred to Francis Baber and William Capell, esquires, 
with the consent of the said Byde in open Court, to call all the 
parties before them, and to take such order concerning the goods 
as they shall think fit. [S.R., xli, ii, 50.] 



(Suavter $*ggfon SfUcorlte. 309 



14. Whereas the jury of the Hundred of Bempstone hath 
presented that Mark bridge within the parish of Mark is in 
decay, and ought to be repaired by the lords of East Brent, 
South Brent, Lympsham and Berrowe ; but the Court was at 
this present Sessions informed that the repairing of the bridge 
doth not belong to any of the said lords : Desired that Sir Edward 
Rodney, John Maye and Nathaniell Styll, esquires, or any two 
of them, will examine by whom the bridge ought to be repaired, 
and certify the same at the next Sessions. [S../?., xli, ii, 48.] 

15. The order made at the last Taunton Sessions [No. 9] 
concerning the complaint of Amias Crosse against the parish- 
ioners of Samford Arundell to remain in force until good cause 
be shown to the contrary ; and in the meantime the three next 
justices of peace thereunto adjoining, or any two of them, are 
desired to examine the said cause, and if they see cause to 
certify the Court. [S.R., xli, ii, 34.] 

1 6. Upon a certificate from the inhabitants of Bruharn that 
John Parrott of that place hath obtained licence from Charles 
Barkeley, esq., lord of the manor of North Bruham to set up a 
cottage upon the waste there, " it is at this Sessions given way 
unto by the Court " that the said Parrott may build, although 
there be not four acres of land laid thereunto. [S.R., xli, ii, 
33-] 

17. On an appeal by Edward Jane against an order of 
bastardy [see No. 19] ; and proof now made of a combination to 
accuse Jane, and that Thomas Danyell of Creech is the reputed 
father ; it is ordered that the former order be void, and that 
Danyell pay twelve pence weekly for the support of the child. 

1 8. On an appeal by the parishioners of Compton Martyn 
against the settlement of John Cannard [Bridgwater Sess., 1621, 
No. 5], in that they were not privy to, nor present at, the making 
of the order, and that they had divers aged witnesses material in 
the cause, who were not able to travel far from home : Desired 
that John Maye, Francis Baber and William Capell, esquires, 
will call all parties with their witnesses before them, and after 



310 &omen!et 



examination certify at the next Sessions where of right he ought 
to be settled. [S.R., xli, ii, 15, 16.] 

19. Order made 28th June, 1621, by Robert Cuffe and 
Thomas Brereton, esquires. 

Edward Jane of Michell Creech, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay twelve pence weekly : and shall give sufficient 
security by obligation in twenty pounds for the performance thereof. 

Mary Pyne, the mother of the child, shall be and continue in 
the House of Correction in Taunton for one whole year. [S.R., 
xli, ii, 13.] 

20. Statement sent from Kentsford the I7th September, 1621, 
by George Luttrell and Thomas Windham. 

Whereas Gilbert Thorne of Nettlecombe, tanner, was accused 
to be the father of the child of John Davies ; but after an examina- 
tion held at Watchet, on Saturday last, we found no evidence 
against him except her accusation, and it was very apparent that 
John Howe of Cannington was the father, both by his previous 
conduct, and also by his endeavour to get the girl to go firstly to 
Wales, and afterwards to Devonshire, which she refused, fearing 
some mischief was intended against her ; we therefore desire that 
Thorne may be discharged from his attendance at the Quarter 
Sessions, and we will shortly convent him and Howe face to face, 
and make such an order therein as we shall think fit. [S.R., 
xli, ii, 7.] 

21. Order made at Taunton the 2istDec., 1621, by Sir Henry 
Hawley and Robert Cuffe, esq. 

William Kellway of Gregorystoke, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay six pence weekly to the churchwardens and 
overseers, to be reserved for this binding of the child to an 
apprentice, and shall give security in twenty pounds for the 
performance thereof. 

Margaret Kinglake, the mother, shall keep and educate her 
child ; or in default shall be committed to his Majesty's Bridewell 
in Taunton for one whole year. [5.7?., xli, ii, 5.] 



22. Order made the 22nd Dec., 1621, by John Symes, Thomas 
Brereton, and George Browne, esquires. 



(Quarter dtfgfomf SEUcorte. 311 



Richard Hinde of Hilbishoppes, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay eight pence weekly from the birth of the child, 
for the relief and education thereof; and shall give sufficient 
security for the discharge of the parish. Katherine Rolston, the 
mother, shall keep her child according to this order. [S.R., xli, 
, 4-] 

23. Order made at Taunton the 8th October, 1621, by Sir 
Henry Hawley and Robert CufTe, esq. 

James Martyne of Durston, the reputed father, shall pay 
eight pence weekly from this date : and shall put in good and 
sufficient bond and security for the performance of this order. 

Rachell Plenty, the mother, of Durston, shall keep and 
educate her child, or in default she shall be sent to the House of 
Correction at Taunton for one whole year. 

24. Order made the 2nd Jan., 1621-2, by John Powlett and 
John Merefeild, esquires. 

Henry Smith of Crewkerne, innholder, the reputed father, 
shall pay twelve pence weekly from the birth of the child ; and 
shall be bound with sufficient securities for the performance of 
this order. 

Martha Abraham, the mother, shall, by her own industry and 
labour, educate and maintain her child so far as she shall be 
able. 

25. Order made at Wachett the 5th December, 1621, by 
George Luttrell and Thomas Wyndham, esquires. 

William Clatworthy of Cutcombe, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay fifteen pence weekly from the birth of the child 
to the churchwardens and overseers of Exford ; and shall be 
bound with good security for the payment thereof. 

Emmot Grange, the mother, shall bring up her child, or in 
default be committed to the House of Correction according to 
the Law. [S.R., xli, ii, 38, 39.] 



312 >onurSet (Quarter 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT IVELCHESTER soth April, 
1st and 2nd May, 20 James [1622] before Sir Edward Hext, 
Sir Henry Barckley, Sir Francis Heale, Sir Edward Rodney, 
knts., Robert Hopton, Thomas Southworth, Edward Popham, 
Francis Baber, Hugh Pyne, Matthew Ewens, Christopher 
Preston, James Bysse, Richard Davis, John Merefeild, 
James Farewell, and Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

1. As there is no cause now shown to the Court by the 
parishioners of Sampford Arundell, nor any certificate made by 
the Justices upon the reference in the cause of Amyas [Amice] 
Crosse: the former order made at last Taunton Sessions [1621, 
No. 9] shall in all points continue. [S.R., xli, ii, 93.] 

2. Richard Warren now remaining in the hospital at Langport 
shall forthwith remove, or on complaint to Sir Edward Hext he 
shall be sent to the House of Correction. [S.R., xli,ii, 23 ; i, 86, 
87.] 

3. Elizabeth Barows has leave to erect a house on some part 
of the waste of the manor of Hornbloton, so that she obtained 
the consent of the lord of the manor, and the inhabitants there 
are to allow something towards the building of the same, without 
they can show sufficient cause to the contrary to Sir Henry 
Barkley, knt. 

4. Whereas there have been many pains taken by some 
Justices and other Commissioners of Sewers touching the repair- 
ing and new-building of Borowe-bridge, which the inhabitants of 
divers parishes near did agree to perform with stone ; and that it. 
now appeareth that the bridge will be far more conveniently 
erected with timber, as it hath ever been heretofore, for with 
stone it is likely to prove very prejudicial to the country and the 
owners of land near unto ; and whereas the Court doth consider 
that the bridge should be repaired by order of the Sessions rather 
than by the Commissioners of Sewers : Ordered, with the consent 
of the parishes of Weston, Middlezoy, Othery, Grinton, Morlinch, 



(Quarter derfrffon* t&ecorte. 313 



Aishcott, Chedsay, and North Petherton, that a rate be forthwith 
levied to pay for the erecting, and that four overseers be appointed 
to receive and pay all monies laid out and to be spent, as Sir 
Edward Hext and Marmaduke Jennings, esq., shall think fit ; and 
that the bridge be sufficiently finished for the passage of boats 
under the arches and carriages over the same by Bartholomew 
Day next. [S.R., xli, ii, 90.] 

5. Although a certificate has been received from the justices 
desired to enquire into the settlement of John Cannard [Taunton, 
1621-2, No. 1 8] that they consider East Harptree to be his proper 
settlement, in that his wife has an interest in a tenement there ; 
yet, as it now appears that his wife has no right in the said 
tenement at all, the Court orders that Cannard and his wife shall 
be forthwith sent to Compton Martin as decreed in the former 
order. [Bridgwater, 1621, No. 5, S.R., xli, ii, 82.] 

6. On a petition of the inhabitants of Shepton Mountague, 
ordered that Agnes, widow of one Hartrey, shall be sent back to 
Bruton to be then settled. [S.R., xli, ii, 88.] 

7. Twenty shillings is to be paid to Thomas Evered, Christo- 
pher Smalland and Robert Popham, and ten shillings to Thomas 
Style, from the stock of the money of the maimed soldiers, for 
that they received many hurts in the wars of her late Majesty 
Queen Elizabeth. [S.R., xli, ii, 85.] 

Edward Hext, Henry Berkeley, Francis Heale, Tho. 
Southworth, Matthew Ewens, James Bysse, James 
Farewell. 

8. John Maltravers of South Petherton, shall have nine pound 
yearly out of the benefit of the tenement of his brother Peter, a 
weak mazed man not able to govern himself, to maintain the 
said Peter, and the residue to Melia Peter's wife ; and if any 
opposition be made therein, John is to complain to the next 
Justice to take such course as he shall think fit. [S.R., xli, ii, 

2 S 



314 ^omettfet (Quarter 



9. John Maye and William Caple, esquires, are desired to 
enquire into the appeal of Henry Lawrence of Wrington, against 
a bastardy order made upon him at the Wells Sessions. [1621-2, 
No. 6, S.R., xli, i, 27.] 

10. On the humble petition of the parishioners of Muchelney 
that they placed John Chappell, an impotent person there born, 
in the Almeshouse of Langport, who departed thence, and served 
divers persons in Huish for seven years ; ordered that he shall 
remain in Huish until good cause be shown to the contrary. 
[S.R., xlii, ii, 81 ; xli, i, 20.] 

1 1. The overseers of Ilbrewers shall forthwith provide a house 
for Margery Sybley to live in until the next Sessions ; when, if 
they do not show good cause to the contrary, they are to provide 
her a house that she may labour for her living as long as she 
shall be able. [S.R., xli, ii, 64.] 

12. John Symes, John Colles, and Robert Cuffe, esquire, are 
desired to enquire into the truth of the petition presented by the 
most sufficientest men of Trull against the building of two 
cottages there for the poor, in that there are enough cottages there 
already, and that the site is unfitting ; and to certify their doings 
and opinions therein at the next General Sessions, and in the 
mean time the cottages to be stayed. [Taunton, 1621, No. 17, 
S.R., xli, ii, 66.] 

13. Order made the 30th March, 1622, by Sir Thomas Hughes 
and Tho. Southworth, esquires. 

Christopher Stiverd, the reputed father, shall pay four pence 
weekly to the overseers of Walton ; and shall be openly whipped 
in the said parish. Mary Huchleburge, the mother, shall bring 
up her child until it be seven years of age ; and shall be openly 
whipped in the said parish. We reserve' power to increase the 
weekly payment if Stiverd shall appear to be able to bear a 
better rate. [S.R., xli, i, 12.] 

14. Order made at Wiveliscombe the 3ist March, 1622, by 
Sir Henry Hawley, knt, and Edward Lancaster, esquire. 



Quarter &tttioi\* Jteirte. 315 



John Knight, the reputed father, of Hillfarrence, shall pay six 
pence to the overseers and churchwardens of Hillfarrence every 
Sunday after Divine Service, or if there be no service before three 
o'clock in the afternoon ; and shall be bound with sufficient 
sureties to that effect. 

Isott Jorman, the mother, shall receive the said payment, and 
keep her child, or on refusal, to be sent to the House of 
Correction at Taunton for one whole year. [S.R., xli, i, 75, 
76.] 

1 5. William Cleye of Langport Westover shall be suppressed 
from keeping a tippling house any longer. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON, the 23rd, 24th 
and 25th days of July, 20 James [1622] before Sir Thomas 
Phelipps, Baronet Sir Edward Hext, Sir Francis Heale, and 
Edward Popham, Thomas Southworth, John Symes, John 
Stawell, Thomas Brereton, Christopher Preston, James 
Bysse, Robert Cuffe, George Browne, Edward Lancaster, 
Thomas Windham, Richard Davyes, esquires. 

1. The inhabitants of all the tythings of Murlinch shall 
forthwith make an indifferent rate to levy the money required 
for Burrowebridge ; and any person refusing to make or pay the 
rate shall on complaint to Sir Edward Hext be bound over to 
the next Sessions to answer his contempt therein. 

2. The difference between Wiveliscombe and Nettlecombe 
and St. Decuman's touching the placing of John Upton is referred 
to the two next Justices to take such cause therein as they think 
requisite, and to certfy their opinions at the next Sessions. [S.R., 
xli, i, 19.] 

3. Copy of order made concerning Petherton Park and 
Newton Placie. Whereas complaint is made unto us at this 
Sessions holden at Bridgwater i/th Sept., 1595, by the inhabit- 
ants yf Newton Placy, that they being parcel of the tything of 
Exton are charged with taxations ,and impositions laid upon them 



316 $om*r&t (Quarter 



for his Majesty's service their whole living not above 600 acres of 
ground ; and being informed that Petherton Park within the 
tything of Newton being 1 100 acres of ground doth not con- 
tribute any portion of money towards the said surcharge : 
Ordered that henceforth in any tything rate laid out upon 
Newton Placie that the Park of Petherton shall be at one-half 
of all such charge. 

George Siddenham, Edward Hext, John Colles, Alexander 
Popham, John Courte. 

4. It is now again thought fit and ordered that John Wroth, 
esquire, occupier of Petherton Park, shall contribute in any 
tything rate for his Majesty's service according to the above 
order, and also to pay all such monies as are behind for three or 
four years or more. 

5. Watch and Ward shall continue in every parish in this 
county ; and the Justices of Peace in every limit shall order the 
same for the continuance thereof as they shall think fit in their 
discretions according to the greatness and quantity of every 
parish. 

6. John Oldman shall remain in West Bagborwe in any 
house he can get for his money ; and Thomas Milton shall give 
bond in xx/z. to the churchwardens and overseers to save the 
parish harmless from any charge that may arise by reason of the 
said Oldman, for that Milton did give his word to that purpose 
when he received the said Oldman into his house ; and on his 
refusal he shall be bound to the good behaviour until he give the 
security ordered. 

7. The clothiers of the caster division are forthwith to meet 
together, and likewise those of the wester division, to make an 
indifferent rate for such monies as have been expended by Mr. 
Nathanial Barnard and Samuel Westcombe in respect of their 
attendance on the Lords of the Privy Council touching the 
redress of the decay of clothing, according to an order agreed on 
at Somerton the 20th April last past by Marmaduke Jennings, 
esquire, High Sheriff and divers Justice of Peace, according to 



&om*ttl*t Quarter &t*&iimt ifocoirfctf. 317 

the tenor of letters from the Council for that purpose. The rate 
so made to be speedily levied and paid over ; and those refusing 
to be bound over by the nearest Justices of the limit to answer 
their neglect therein. [S.R., xli, i, 37.] 

8. Upon complaint that John Brooke is erecting a cottage 
upon Fleet-bridge in the borough of Taunton, to the annoyance 
of the inhabitants and decay of the bridge lately repaired : 
Ordered that Brooke and all others shall desist, and remove so 
much as is already built up ; and that Mr. Lewis Pope shall repay 
to Brooke forty shillings which he paid for the ground upon 
which to build the said cottage. 

9. Whereas Richard Warren hath not obeyed the order made 
at the last Sessions [Ilchester, 1622, No. 2] to leave the hospital 
at Langport, and to go to Lyng when he ought to be settled : 
Ordered that Marmaduke Jennings, esquire, now High Sheriff 
and one of the feoffees of the said hospital, will forthwith put the 
said Warren with his wife and children forth of the said hospital 
and send them with a copy of this order to Lyng. [S.R., xli, i, 



10. On the petition of the overseers of Pytminster, that about 
five years since the Hundred of Taunton and Taunton Deane, 
were taxed for the support of the poor of Taunton St. James, 
and that this yearly payment is fifty-five shillings ; and that now 
Pytminster is much impoverished and overcharged with poor 
people so as it is like to pray the aid and help of other parishes : 
John Collis and George Browne, esquires, are desired to call before 
them the said parishioners, and after examination to certify 
whether they think it fit that the said parish should be relieved 
of the said tax or not. [S.R., xli, i, 41.] 

11. Whereas heretofore divers issues were lost by the 
inhabitants of the Hundreds of Williton and Freemanors for not 
repairing Longe Acre bridge within the said hundred ; which 
issues were levied on Thomas Dawe of Huish Champflower, who 
was to be repaid by a general rate on the whole Hundred 
[Bridgwater, 1621, No. 6]; and whereas there are four pounds 



318 s?onui - sct gunner Session t3 



now remaining in the hands of the Constables of Carhampton 
Hundred of the money levied for the said bridge, with which it is 
thought fit that the issues levied on Dawe shall be satisfied : 
The examination and ordering of the premisses are referred to 
Sir John Windham and Thomas Windham, esquires, who are 
desired to take course therein for the relief of the said Dawe as 
they shall think meet. 

12. The Treasurer of the maimed soldiers shall forthwith pay 
to William Matthew 40^., to Andrew Phelipps 2osk. 1 to John 
Avery 30^., to Thomas Everett 2cxr/*., to Robert Cooke 2Qsh. t for 
their present relief, until the Court shall further consider their 
petition at the next Taunton Sessions. [S.R., xli, i, 14.] 

Edward Hext, Thomas Southworth, Edward Popham, 
Francis Heale, John Symes, James Bysse. 

1 3. Upon complaint by the parishioners of St. James near 
Taunton that divers persons in the Hundred of Taunton and 
Taunton Deane do refuse to pay the rate made for the relief of 
the poor in the said parish by an order in open Sessions [see 10 
of this Session] : Ordered that all refusing to pay shall be bound 
to the good behaviour and to answer their contempt at the next 
Sessions ; and farther John Symes and Thomas Brereton, 
esquires, who made the former rate, are desired to make a new 
rate if they see occasion. [S.^., xli, i, 22.] 



14. On a petition by the inhabitants of Porlock that they 
have disbursed 48^. ^d. in relieving and transporting certain poor 
Irish who were landed on the sea beach at Porlock, and presently 
the master of the barque departed before he was known : referred 
to the Justices of that limit to enquire into the truth of the 
petition as also how much Minehead has lately laid out in the 
like case ; and at the next Sessions to make a certificate where- 
upon the Court will order the money to be repaid by the 
treasurers of the hospitals. [6*.^., xli, i, 23.] 

15. Order made the 8th July, 1622, by Nathaniel Styll and 
William Caple, esquires. 



(Quarter &t0ton0 3&tcovtte. 319 



John Tucker of Mark, the reputed father, shall pay eight 
pence weekly from the date of this order for the support of the 
child ; and the said Tucker his executors administrators and 
assigns, shall pay seven pounds on the 1st April, 1629, for the 
use, better maintenance, and preferment of the said child. 

Beaton Monday, the mother, shall keep the child herself 
without receiving any relief, if the churchwardens consider her 
able, or if she refuse pay twelve pence weekly. Both parents 
shall enter into bond with sufficient security for the performance 
of this order. 

The mother is to be whipped in the next market town, and 
certificate to be made of the performance thereof. [S.R., xli, i, 
46.] 

1 6. Order made the 8th July, 1622, by [Nathanael Still and 
Will. Capell, esquires.] 

John Fudge, the reputed father, shall pay to the church- 
wardens and overseers of Wedmore eight pence every Sabbath 
day after morning prayer. Susan Bunn shall keep her child with- 
out receiving any relief if she be thought able, or on refusal pay 
twelve pence weekly. Both parents to give sufficient securities 
for the performance of this order. The mother to be openly 
whipped in the next market town, and certificate made of the 
performance thereof. [vS.^., xli, i, 47.] 



17. Robert Cuffe and Thomas Windham, esquires, are 
desired to examine whether there hath been anciently a tithing 
man in the hamlet of Langridge in the parish of Brushford, or 
whether there ought to be one there for the better performance 
of his Majesty's service, and in that case to swear a sufficient 
man of that hamlet to do the office, to be continued henceforth 
by the inhabitance in their several towns. Also to enquire 
whether there be cause to have a petty constable in the parish, 
and if they find it convenient, to make choice of one sufficient 
man, and to give him his oath accordingly. 



320 $om*ttfet 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT BRIDGWATER the ist, 2nd 
and 3rd October, 20 James [1622] before Sir Edward Hext, 
Sir Nicholas Halswell, Sir Francis Heale, Sir Edward 
Rodney, Sir Henry Hawley, Thomas Southworth, Edward 
Popham, James Bisse, Robert Cuffe, Edward Tynte, Richard 
Davys and Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

1. Sir Henry Hawley chosen to be Treasurer of the maimed 
soldiers ; and James Bysse and Edward Lancaster, esquires, to 
take the account of the last Treasurer. 

2. All maulsters within this county shall be licensed in open 
Sessions, and all others shall be suppressed. 

3. Whereas it is alleged that it will cost much money to 
repair the causeways leading to Bridgwater from Crane bridge and 
from Petherton Heathfield, and that they are much spoiled and 
decayed by means of extraordinary wayne carriages passing 
over them : Ordered that if any plough or ploughs shall go 
laden with any carriage upon the said causeways, the owner shall 
pay five shillings, to be and for repairing the same, or on refusal 
be bound over to the next Sessions. [5.^., xli, i, 77.] 

4. The inhabitants of all the tythings and borough of 
Milverton shall contribute to the payment of conveying such 
prisoners to the gaol as have not sufficient of their own to pay 
the charges. [S.R., xli, i, 76.] 

5. Mr. Lancaster having in person certified that he and Mr. 
Colles had examined the cause of Jane Upham, and found that 
she ought to be settled at St. Decuman's, the Court doth order 
her to be sent there and provided for. 

6. On the petition of John Phillipps of Oathe in the parish 
of Aller that he hath lived there for four years without any 
disturbance, having given a bond for the discharge of the said 
parish, yet now the parishioners or tenants of the said manor of 
Aller do seek to put him out : Ordered that he is to remain 



(Quarter J9t$4ion$ tHecorte. 321 



there with his wife and children, and if any refuse to obey, then 
upon complaint to any justice within this county, they shall be 
bound over to the next Sessions to answer this contempt. [S.R., 
xli, i, 72.] 

7. Upon complaint of the parishioners of East and South 
Brent that, whereas they have at their great charge repaired the 
causeway called Abbots Causeway in the parish of Mark, the 
inhabitants near to with their carriages and carts do much spoil, 
so that it is like to become founderous again in short time : the 
two next justices are desired to take such course with the said 
inhabitants that they do not pass over it with their carriages and 
carts any more. 

8. Whereas it was agreed at the meeting at Somerton the 
2Oth April last to allow the Clothiers' representations, Nathaniell 
Barnard and Samuel Whitcombe, five shillings each for every 
day they were absent, which amounts to eight pounds for the 
said Whitcombe and to seven pounds ten shillings for the said 
Barnard, of which sum they still stand unsatisfied : We do 
desire the constables of the Hundreds before the 2Oth November 
next, to demand payment of every weaving woollen loombes that 
every clothier doth keep or kept at the time of the agreement ; 
the sums so collected to be paid to James Byss, esq., for the 
caster division, and to John Symes and Edward Lancaster, 
esquires, for the wester division. Any refusing to answer at the 
next Sessions for their contempt. [S.R., xli, i, 70.] 

Ed. Hext, Nich. Halswell, Fran. Heale, Henry Hawley, Ed. 
Popham, Tho. Southworth, James Bysse, R. Cuffe, Ric. 
Davyes, Ed. Lancaster. 

9. Certificate from Robert Cuffe and Thomas Windham, 
esquires, that they find that a petty constable will be most 
necessary and expedient for Brushford parish ; and that they 
have elected and sworn in William Lyddon to the office for the 
year following. Dated at Wiveliscombe 2nd September, 1622. 
[S.R., xli, i, 66.] 

10. Order made 3<Dth September, 1622, by Nathanael Still 
and [ ]. John Wookey, the reputed father, shall pay 

2 T 



322 >ommiet (Quarter dtstfiottf 



eight pence to the churchwardens and overseers of Burneham 
every Sabbath day after morning prayer, from the birth of the 
child until he can earn his own living. 

Sicely Lane, the mother, shall keep her child, without any 
relief from the parish, or any other maintenance from the 
reputed father ; or on refusal shall pay twelve pence weekly. 

Both parties shall enter into bond with sufficient sureties for 
the performance of this order. 

For punishment the mother shall be stripped and whipped in 
the most public place within the said parish. As the father is 
convicted only on the confession of the mother, he is left to the 
censure of the ecclesiastical laws. [5.^., xli, i, 82.] 

11. Order made the 30th September, 1622, by Sir Edward 
Hext and John Stawell, esq. 

George Cribb, of Wytcombe, in the parish of Martock, 
husbandman, the reputed father, shall pay six pence weekly 
until the child is twelve years of age, or until he take charge of 
the child himself; and shall be bound with sufficient sureties for 
the performance of this order. 

Joane Farneham, in that she hath had a bastard before and 
never punished for the same, shall be committed to the House 
of Correction forthwith, there to remain until the same Justices 
enlarge her ; and then to maintain her child, or pay six pence 
weekly. [S.R., xli, i, 54.] 

12. Order made the ipth September, 1622, by Sir Henry 
Barkley and Matthew Ewens, esq. John Kendoll, the reputed 
father, shall pay twelve pence weekly to the overseers of Castle 
Cary every Sabbath after evening prayer in the church porch ; 
and shall pay four shillings for the time since the birth of the 
child, to be laid out in clothes for the same. Both parents to 
give security to discharge the parish. 

Mary Needles (Neederles), in that she hath had a bastard 
before and therefore seemeth to be more lewd, is committed to 
the House of Correction for one whole year, and to pay out of 
her labour four pence weekly for the relief of the said child. 
[S.R., xli, i, 88.] 



J^omertfet (Suatter jbtwiont ItiUoirttg. 323 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT WELLS the i4th, i5th, i6th, 
and 1 7th days of January 20 James [1622-3,] before Arthur 
Lake) Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, Sir John Horner, 
Sir Henry Berkley, Sir Francis Hele, Sir Edward Rodney, 
and Sir Henry Hawley, knts., the Rev. Gerard Wood, D.D., 
John Pawlett, Robert Hopton, Thomas Southworth, Francis 
Baber, James Bisse, Thomas Wyndham, William Capell, 
James Farwell, Edward Tynte, Richard Davies, Edward 
Lancaster, and Richard Cole, esquires. 

1. An order in accordance with the finding of the certificate 
given below, that the cottages to be built for the poor at Trull 
stand to their use, and that the parishioners of Trull and the 
inhabitants shall not hereafter be any more troubled for the 
same cottages. 

Fran. Heale. Gerr. Wood. Tho. Southworth. Ed. 
Lancaster. 

2. Certificate from the undersigned that though they could 
by no means conveniently carry out the wishes of the Court 
[Ilchester Sess., 1622, No. 12] by reason of the uncertainty of 
their meetings and divers other great occasions, yet they had 
taken an exact view, and examined the greater part and most 
sufficient men of the parish, and find that all the doubts, 
objections, and grievances do proceed more out of a wilful and 
froward disposition than any just cause of complaint ; and that 
in their opinion it is a necessary work, there being a great number 
of poor people there, and the place very fitting. [S,R., xliii, ii, 
17, 1 8.] 

John Colles. Tho. Brereton. John Symes. 

3. Whereas at the last Assizes a petition was presented by 
the inhabitants of Froome unto Sir Lawrence Tanfield, Lord 
Chief Baron of the Exchequer, for some relief for the poor of the 
said town much impoverished by reason of the decay of clothing ; 
and whereas the Chief Baron desired the Justices of the Peace to 
take the same into their " consideration " : Ordered that the 



324 



Treasurer of the Hospitals of the easter division shall pay one 
pound quarterly to the Constable of the Hundred of Froome, to 
be by them paid over unto some sufficient inhabitants of the 
said town, and distributed according as need shall require. This 
payment to continue until it shall be otherwise ordered. [S.R., 
xliii, ii, 34.] 

Henry Berkley. Henry Hawley. Francis Heale. Ed. 
Rodney. Tho. Southworth, et multi alii. 

4. The assuring of the extreats of the County Court of 
Marmaduke Jennings, esq., late Sheriff, is referred unto Sir 
Edward Hext and John Stowell, esq. 

5. All owners or occupiers of land in the parish of Witcombe 
near Bath shall be chargeable to the repair of the highways there, 
as well as the inhabitants and parishioners ; and upon complaint 
that any refuse, the Justices will take such course as by law they 
may. 

Hen. Hawley. Tho. Southworth. Robt. Hopton. Fran. 
Heale. Fran. Baber. James Bysse. 

6. Upon long discourse of the matter in controversy at this 
Sessions between the parishes of Nunney and Whatley touching 
the placing of Richard Hoddinott: Ordered that he shall be 
settled at Whatley, in that he was there apprenticed for seven 
years. 

Fr. Heale. Robt. Hopton. Tho. Southworth. James 
Bysse. 

7. Upon long debating of the controversy at this Sessions 
between the parishioners of Mark and the Lords of South Brent, 
Lympsham, East Brent, and Berrowe concerning the repairing of 
the ancient stone bridge called Mark bridge now in decay ; and 
being very ambiguous which party ought to repair the same : It 
is ordered in full court, in regard of present necessity, that Mark 
shall before the 24th June next repair the bridge in all defects ; 
and if they can show cause by any sufficient and lawful process 
at another Sessions that they ought not, and who ought to do it ; 



(Quarter uKton JfocortJjL 325 



then that party shall repay the money and also be charged with 
the same for ever. 

Henry Hawley. Fran. Heale. Edw. Rodney. Tho. 
Southworth. Gerard Wood. 

8. Whereas Robert Baker of Wellington was at the last 
General Sessions holden at Taunton licensed to keep a common 
tippling house for one year ; now for that the Court is informed 
that the Justices of that Division being then present were not 
any way acquainted with the grant of the licence, neither gave 
any consent thereto, the said Baker having been formerly 
suppressed, and therefore ought not by law to be licensed : 
This Court doth therefore order that the said Baker be forthwith 
suppressed, and that no one be licensed in his stead without the 
general consent of the Justices of that Division. 

Edw. Rodney. Henry Hawley. Tho. Southworth. Edw. 
Tynte. 

9. Whereas Thomas Harvie of Pensford is questioned for 
keeping a common " hostery " or stable there without warrant : 
Referred to Sir Francis Popham, Francis Baber and William 
Caple, esquires, whom the Court doth desire to take some pains 
and to do therein as they shall seem fit. 

Henry Hawley. Fran. Heele. Edw. Rodney. Tho. 
Southworth. 

10. Sir Edward Hext and John Stawell, esq., are desired by 
the Court to mediate the differences between Thomas Baker and 
Richard Baker his son concerning certain monies and reckonings, 
if they can ; or otherwise to do therein as to them shall seem 
fit. 

Henry Hawley. Edw. Rodney. Henry Barkeley. 

11. Whereas John Baker was apprenticed to John Ashman of 
Wells, linendraper, who .has now given up his trading and 
departed to places unknown, and whereas by law no person may 
harbour any man's apprentice until he be first discharged : Ordered 



326 ^onurs'ft (Quarter & teams' 



that the said Baker be discharged, and be at liberty to place 
himself elsewhere. [5.7?., xliii, ii, 15.] 

Edw. Rodney. Jo. Powlett. Hen. Hawley. Edw. Tynte. 
Wm. Caple. Jas. Bisse. Tho. Windham. Ed. Lancaster. 

12. Order made the 8th January, 1622-3, by Nathanael Still 
and William Caple, esquires. 

John Wall of Weare, the reputed father, shall pay eight 
pence weekly, from the birth of the child, to the overseers and 
churchwardens of Weare every Sabbath day after morning 
prayer. 

Mary Evans, the mother, shall keep her own child, or other- 
wise pay twelve pence weekly for the support of the same. 
Both parties are to enter into bond with sufficient sureties for the 
performance of this order. 

For a further punishment the said Mary Evans is to be 
publickly whipped in the nearest market town. The father is to 
be censured by the laws ecclesiastical of this land. [S.R., xliii, 
ii, 16.] 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT IVELCHESTER the 22nd, 
23rd and 24th days of April, 21 James (1623) before Sir 
Robert Phelipps, Sir Henry Barkley, Sir John Horner, 
Thomas Southworth, John Symes, Hugh Pyne, Thomas 
Windham, James Bysse, James Farewell, and Edward 
Lancaster, esquires. 

i. William Cleye of Langport Westover, Roger Kewer of 
North Curry, and Francis Bastable to be suppressed from 
keeping tippling-houses any longer, in that it appeareth on oath 
that they suffered Thomas Rose of Curry Revell, and Veanes, 
the wife of John Andrewes of Wellington, to commit adultery 
in their houses, as well as many other misdemeanours proved 
against William Cleye, and his insolent behaviour in Court 
towards Mr. Pyne, saying that whatsoever he should say, the 
Clerk of the Peace and some other should swear to it to be true. 



J^ommftt (Quarter j&t3ion$ 3&eeortts. 327 

Farther they are to enter into recognizances with good sureties 
not to tipple any more. 

2. Touching the differences between the parishes of Foscott 
and Inglescombe about the settling of William Smyth and his 
wife : A case is to be truly drawn between them and shown to 
the Judges of Assize for their opinion ; and in the meantime the 
parties to remain at Foscott. 

3. The order made at the last Bridgwater Sessions [1622, 
No. 8] concerning the Clothiers' rate is confirmed ; and John 
Symes and Edward Lancaster, esquires, are desired to make 
forth their warrants to the Constables of the western division 
for the due execution of the said order. 

4. Whereas Dame Elizabeth Berkley of Brewton is rated at 
fifty shillings for the composition money for the provision of His 
Majesty's Household : Ordered and decreed that this payment 
shall free her and her son Charles Berkley, esq., from all taxa- 
tions and compositions as above, from Norwood Park in the same 
county, and for all her other lands in the eastern division ; until 
further order to the contrary be made at some General Sessions. 

5. The appeal of John Sayer of Ban well against a taxation 
made upon him by the overseers of Worle for receiving Thomas 
Davies into the said parish by the consent of the Justices of that 
limit is dismissed ; and he is ordered to pay the money 39^. 
forthwith, unless any part be mitigated and underrated by John 
Maye and Nathaniell Still, esquires, unto whom the consideration 
is referred. 

6. On a certificate from William Lottisham, esq., and Andrew 
Walton, gent., lords of the manor of Lottisham Green, that at 
the special request of the tenants there, they have granted 
licence to them to choose a place for erecting a cottage for 
Katharine Baker, widow, so that it be not above fifteen feet in 
breadth and thirty feet in length : Ordered that the cottage may 
be built although there be not four acres of land laid thereto, 
[S.R., xliii, ii, 40.] 



328 Somerset (Quarter 



7. On the humble petition of Roger Wood, John Tucker, 
Reyginold Woodall, and Giles Mitchell of Yevel, as also on the 
humble request of the Portreeve, Burgesses, Ministers, and other 
inhabitants of Yevell, that upon the 23rd December last past, 
the houses of the said petitioners were burnt to the ground with 
goods to the value of 200/2'., whereby they are utterly undone : 
Ordered that the four petitioners shall have 20/2'. from the 
Treasurer of the Hospitals of the western division, to be divided 
among them according to the discretion of the next Justices of 
Peace. [S.R., xliii, i, 14.] 

8. The order made at the last Sessions concerning the repair- 
ing of Mark bridge to stand until the next Sessions, when all 
parties concerned are to attend, and the Court will make a final 
order. 

9. On the humble petition of Richard Hickes of Castle Cary, 
that on the 1st March last past, his house and goods were 
destroyed by fire, to his utter undoing, as also by a certificate 
from John Taunton, minister, Anthonie Abarrow, and other 
inhabitants of the said parish : Ordered that the petitioner do 
receive lolt. from the Treasurer of the Hospitals for the eastern 
division. [S./?., xliii, ii, 53.] 

10. Whereas there hath been some difference between the 
inhabitants of Kingweston, Barton [St. David] and Kington 
[Mandeville] concerning their tithing rate, wherein the inhabi- 
tants of Kington conceive themselves much wronged : Sir Henry 
Berkley and James Farewell, esq., are desired to call all parties 
before them, and to take such order therein as the cause requireth. 

11. Upon the petition of the inhabitants of Worle, that they 
are much overcharged towards the maimed soldiers, hospitals, 
and other charitable uses, and that they desire the Court to take 
some course towards their case by the adjacent parishes : 
Referred to Sir Edward Rodney and John May, esq., to examine 
and order the same as they shall think fit. [S.R., xliii, ii, 46.] 

12. Upon the petition of John Patten of West Chinnock, 
showing that his covenant servant, Katherine Brown, has been 



Quarter de&tffon* tfocorttji. 329 



delivered of a base child in his house, and, the reputed father 
having fled, he is like to be charged with the said Brown and her 
child: Referred to Sir Edward Hext, one of His Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace and Quorum, to examine the matter and 
order the same. [S.-fc, xliii, ii, 38.] 



13. Order made the 3rd April, 1623, by Ralph Barlow, D.D., 
Dean of Wells, and Gerald Wood, D.D., Archdeacon of Wells. 

Richard Markes of Doulting, blacksmith, the reputed father, 
shall pay sixpence weekly to the churchwardens and overseers 
of Evercreech, to be paid every Sunday after morning prayer. 

John Burbidge, the mother, shall keep her child without 
receiving any relief, unless in the case of extreme necessity ; or, 
on her refusal, she shall pay sixpence weekly in like manner. 
Any monies received to remain in the hands of the overseers for 
a stock to place the child out. Both parties to enter into bond 
with good sureties for the performance of this order. [S.R., 
xliii, ii, 56.] 

14. Order made at Axbridge the 4th March, 1622-3, by Sir 
Edward Rodney and John May, esq. 

John Crocker of Wedmore, husbandman, the reputed father, 
shall from the birth of the child pay sixpence weekly to the 
churchwardens and overseers of Wedmore every Sunday after 
the end of morning prayer, which payment is to be reserved for 
a stock for placing out the child. 

Joane Shortt, the mother, to keep her child without receiving 
any allowance ; or, on her refusal, to pay twelve pence weekly. 
Both parties to put in sufficient securities by bond or otherwise 
to the best liking of the overseers for the performance of this 
order. 

The said mother to be whipped at the next market town on 
a market day, as an example to others to avoid the like offence. 

As the offence of the father doth not appear but by the 
confession of the mother, he is left to be dealt with by the 
ecclesiastical laws. [S.R., xliii, ii, 44.] 

15. Whereas there is diversity of opinion lately risen amongst 
the Justices of this County, touching the settling and removing 

2 U 



330 domentet (Quarter SttMion* 



of people likely to be chargeable unto those parishes where they 
come to inhabit ; and for that the determining of this particular 
doth much import the good order and government of the County : 
It is now thought fit at this Sessions to desire Sir Robert 
Phelipps, knt, and Hugh Pyne, esq., to attend the Lord Chief 
Baron and Mr. Justice Hutton this next Term, and presenting unto 
them the state of the business, humbly to crave their opinion 
and resolution therein ; by which means may be concluded the 
present difference, and their direction may serve for a rule of our 
future proceedings. 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON, the isth, i6th, 
1 7th and i8th days of July, 21 James [1623], before Sir 
Edward Hext, Sir Henry Hawley, Thomas Southworth, 
John Stawell, John Maye, John Symes, Thomas Brereton, 
Robert CufTe, Marmaduke Jennings, George Browne and 
Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

i. Upon the motion of the inhabitants of Long Sutton con- 
cerning the settling of William Neighbours with his wife and 
children ; and by a pass from the Mayor and Justices of Wells, 
it appears that he dwelt for one whole year at Somerton, which 
is the last settled place whither he ought by law to return : 
Ordered that they shall forthwith be sent to Somerton to remain 
until the inhabitants show good cause to the contrary in open 
and General Sessions, and in the presence of the inhabitants of 
Long Sutton. [5.^., xliii, i, 7.] 



2. Upon certificate from Mr. May and Mr. Still concerning 
the taxation of John Sayer made at the last Ilchester Sessions 
[No. 5] : he is ordered to utterly and freely avoid Davis out of 
the parish of Worle before the 29th September next, or else pay 
the money ; and in default be bound over to answer his con- 
tempt. [S.R., xliii, i, 28.] 



Quarter $*&ion0 2Ucm-te. 331 



3. Whereas at the last Ivelchester Sessions Matthew Sulley 
of North Petherton was indicted for building a cottage there 
contrary to the Statute, when he was fined and ordered to pull 
it down ; yet in contempt of all justice he continued still the 
same cottage : A warrant of the good behaviour be granted 
against him, and the Constable of the Hundred to see the said 
cottage pulled down. \_S.R., xliii, i, 12.] 

4. Whereas John Smith was of late remaining at Newton St. 
Lowe, having come as a mere stranger out of Derbyshire, as it 
should seem for some notorious misdemeanour, with a woman 
whom he challengeth for his wife, but cannot give any account 
where they were married ; and for that he hath misbehaved 
himself in many respects : Ordered that he be sent to Burlow 
[gu. Barlow] in Derby to be left with the officers of that place. 
[S.R., xliii, ii, 73.] 

5. For diverse Reasons shown to this Court the tithing of 
Badialton parcel of the parish of Milverton is exempted from 
any payments to be required under an order made at Bridg- 
water, 1622. [No. 4.] 

6. Upon a certificate from the Portreeve, burgesses and other 
inhabitants of the borough of Yevell, that there are many small 
cottages erected, contrary to the Statute, greatly increasing the 
number of poor people already being relieved out of the common 
stock, far surmounting the liability of the said inhabitants ; and 
these strangers once settled do tear and spoil other men's hedges ; 
and other cottages to be erected, to the public prejudice and 
annoyance of the inhabitants : Referred to Sir Robert Phillipps 
to take such course for the speedy redress of the said grievances 
as the law requireth ; and in the meantime all erecting of 
cottages to surcease. [S.R., xliii, i, 2 ; xliv. 43, 45.] 

7. Upon long debating and full hearing of the controversy 
between the inhabitants of Weare and Loxton concerning the 
placing of Katherine Councell, widow, an impotent and distracted 
person : Ordered that she be settled and provided for in Weare. 
[S.R., xliii, ii, 74, 75.] 



332 J^omevtfet Quarter 



8. Upon a petition of Richard Bowdridge of Taunton St. 
James, butcher, showing certain wrongs and injuries offered to 
him by Robert Ballafonte, and John Elliot, gent., being now 
County Clerk for this county concerning an attachment awarded 
by Elliot at the suit of the said Ballafonte : Referred to John 
Symes and Thomas Brereton, esquires, to examine and order the 
same, and to testify their opinions therein at the next Sessions. 
[S.R., xliii, ii, 71.] 

9. Upon a petition from the inhabitants of West Munckton 
that a certain stone bridge called the farther Bathe Poole Bridge 
is now in great decay for want of reparations, and very dangerous ; 
being a great thoroughfare way, the greatest in those parts, and 
must be repaired speedily ; and for that it is unknown whether 
it should be repaired by the County or some particular parishes 
or private persons : Referred to Sir Henry Hawley and John 
Symes, Thomas Brereton, Robert Cuffe and George Browne, 
esquires, or to any four of them, to take some speedy course for 
the levying of monies for the repairing of the said bridge, and to 
certify at the next Sessions what they have done in and about 
the said work. [S.R., xliii, i, 21.] 

10. The difference between the parishes of Abbot's Leigh and 
Wraxall touching the settling of Robert Whatley is referred to 
John Poulet, John May, Richard Davies and Richard Cole, 
esquires, or to any three of them, whom this Court doth desire 
to take some pains in the examination, and to end it if they can ; 
or otherwise to certify their opinions at the next Sessions. 

11. Whereas Sir Edward Rodney and John May, esquires, 
have examined the complaint preferred by the parishioners of 
Worle [Ilchester, 1623, No. ii], and find that they had good 
cause for complaint concerning hospital money and others ; and 
thereupon decreed, as Banwell doth contain about 4,000 acres of 
land, meadow and pasture, Worle 2,000 acres, and Kewstoke 
2,000 acres, and the total yearly payment of all three parishes 
doth amount to 3/2'. 6sk. id. ; that henceforth Banwell pay one- 
half, and Worle and Kewstoke pay the other half, provided that 
the grange and farm of Woodspring in Kewstoke, containing 



l&ecorto. 333 



300 acres at the least, and 200 acres now called outlandes, 
which hath not heretofore paid, but upon what grounds the 
Justices are ignorant of, do likewise bear equal rate ; and whereas 
no good cause has shown at this Sessions against this order : 
The Court doth order that this shall stand and the parties 
perform the same, unless they show good cause at the next 
Sessions. [5J?., xliii, i, 20.] 

12. Whereas the petition of the parishioners of Beere Crocombe 
preferred at the last Ivelchester Sessions \not entered} concerning 
the settling of William Southfield was referred to John Symes, 
esquire, who could do nothing therein for that the parties did 
not prosecute their said order ; and the petitioners have again 
appeared at this Court with further evidence : Referred to Hugh 
Pyne and Marmaduke Jennings, esquires, to hear and determine 
the matter if they can ; and the petitioners to give notice to all 
parties and parishes concerned of the meeting of the said Justices 
[S.R., xliii, i, 18.] 

13. Upon the humble petition of the parishioners of Mudford 
concerning a difference between the parishes of Rympton, 
Poyntington and Mudford concerning the settling of Henry 
Hollwaie and his wife ; according to the said petition Sir Robert 
Phillippes and Sir Henry Berklie are desired to take some pains 
in examining and appeasing the said difference. [*../?., xliii, i, 
I9-] 

14. Order made the I2th July, 1623, by Nathaniel Styll and 
William Caple, esquires. 

William Tincknell of Wedmore, the reputed father, shall pay 
eight pence weekly from the birth of the child every Sabbath 
day after morning prayer, until he be able to earn his own 
living. 

Hester Bunn, the mother, shall keep her child, or else pay 
twelve pence weekly. Both parties to enter into bond with 
sufficient sureties for the performance of this order. The mother 
to be publickly whipped in the next market town. The father 
being convicted only by the confession of the mother, is left to 
be dealt with by the laws ecclesiastical. [S.R., xliii, i, 29.] 



334 ^onurs'ct (Shiavta* S^s'tons" 3i\tforli<i. 

15. The difference between the parishes of Milverton and 
Wiveliscombe touching the placing of George Culverlenghe is 
referred to John Symes and Robert Cuffe, esquires, to examine 
and determine the same, and to certify their opinions at the next 
Sessions. 1 

1 6. Cole, esquire, is chosen Treasurer of the Hospitals 

for the caster division, and William Walrond for the west 
division. Sir Henry Hawley and John Maye, esquires, shall take 
the account of the last Treasurers. 

17. Joane Slade coming with a pass from London to North 
Petherton is to be sent to Gravesende in Kent, from tithing to 
tything ; for that she hath been absent sixteen years, and lived 
in or about London, and last settled at Gravesende one whole 
year and more, and thirty days allowed her to be there. 

1 8. Whereas the Hundred of Brent doth pretend that they 
are exempted from their appearance or service at the Sessions 
by some charter granted to the Abbot of Glaston ; who notwith- 
standing doing their service at the assizes, it was thought fit by 
the Court that they should likewise appear, and do their service 
at the General Sessions in regard they now are freed from any 
service of the Abbot of Glaston, and His Majesty's service neg- 
lected in the said Hundred : Thomas Southworth and Edward 
Tynet are desired to peruse such writings or charters as they 
pretend they have for their exemption, and at the next Sessions 
to certify their opinions, when the Court will consider what is fit 
to be done. [S jv?., xliii, i, 46.] 



J^omertfet (Quarter de&timd &ecorte. 335 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT BRIDGWATER the 
3Oth September, the 1st and 2nd October, 21 James [1623], 
before Sir Thomas Phelipps, Baronet, Sir Robert Phelipps, 
Sir Edward Hext, Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Thomas Hughes, 
Thomas Southworth, Edward Rogers, Hugh Pyne, John 
Symes, William Francis, Robert CufFe, Marmaduke 
Jennings, Thomas Windham, William Walrond, and 
Edward Lancaster, esquires. 

1. William Caple, esq., is elected Treasurer of the maimed 
soldiers for the year to come, and Sir Edward Rodney and 
Marmaduke Jennings, esq., to take the account of the last 
Treasurer. 

2. Whereas the overseers of Sparkford were bound to this 
Sessions for refusing to provide for Agnes Clearcke, who hath 
long dwelt there, and they pretend that she hath a house of her 
own at North Cadbury, and so ought to live there, which the 
parishioners of that place deny, in that the house is let on lease 
to her son John Chamberline : It is now ordered that the said 
Agnes Clearcke be forthwith sent with this order to Sparkford, 
there to be received and provided for ; and if the overseers 
refuse to perform this order, then they are to answer their 
contempt at the next Sessions. [S.R., xliii, i, 62.] 

3. Upon information given that John Hilpe, born at Weston- 
super-Mare and there living till he had two children born, 
did eight years since remove to Worle, and there continue till 
St. James' Day, 1622, when he returned to Weston, and always 
paid the taxes imposed upon him ; being now chargeable to 
either parish, and did of late hire a house in Weston, where the 
parishioners refused to retain him, and did also hire a house in 
Worle, and there he could not be received. And the parish of 
Weston hath taxed him in twelve pence weekly, and Mary Fortt, 
in whose house he liveth, is taxed at five shillings weekly towards 
the relief of the poor, which taxation is conceived to be for the 
avoiding of the said Hilpe from Weston : Sir Edward Rodney 



33 6 &onfet Quarter 



and John May, esq., are desired to hear the said cause, and to 
take such order for the settling of the said Hilpe and mitigation 
of the said taxation as they shall think meet. 

4. Upon full hearing of the cause concerning Langport 
Almeshouse and Richard Warren, by order of Sir Laurence 
Tanfield, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, one of the Judges of 
Assize: The order made at the Taunton Sessions [1621, No. 9] 
shall stand, and the said Warren, with his wife and family, shall 
be forthwith sent to Linge, where the overseers are to provide 
them a house for their money if they are not of ability, or 
otherwise provide for them and set them on work. 

5. Upon the petition of Sara Hewlett, wife of Richard 
Howlet, Elizabeth and Briget Hughes, her daughters, setting 
forth diverse grievances and abuses done by Oliver Powell, a 
baylifife, and desiring that examination may be made by 
Sir Edward Rodney and Thomas Southworth, esq., which the 
Court doth hold very convenient, and doth desire the said 
Justices to grant their warrant against the said Powell to appear 
before them, or to bind him over to the next Sessions if they 
think fit. [S.R., xliii, i, 53.] 

6. Upon the petition of Christopher Haddon of Wellington 
that Francis [Frances] Hill, his apprentice, doth little or no 
service, but doth remain away and wander about the country, 
and being brought home doth run away again, and her mother, 
Francis Hill, doth affirm that if her daughter be sent to the 
House of Correction she will hang herself, and the said maid 
also saith that she will hang or drown herself rather than live 
with the said Haddon : Referred to William Francis and Edward 
Lancaster, esquires, who are desired to take some pains in the 
examination of the premises, and to certify their opinions at the 
next Sessions. [S.R., xliii, i, 51.] 

7. Upon the humble petition of Mary, wife of William 
Wootton of Curland, that they with their family have lived one 
whole year and upwards at Curland without any charging the 
parish ; yet now the parishioners, fearing that they will become 



(Quarter $e&um0 Ifttoirte. 337 



chargeable, the said Wootton having become impotent by reason 
of age and sickness, have put them forth of their house, and, in 
most unchristianlike manner, suffer them to dwell under a hedge : 
Ordered that the churchwardens and overseers shall receive them 
into the parish until they shall show good cause to the contrary 
at a General Quarter Sessions in the presence of the said 
Wootton or his wife. [5J?., xliii, i, 50.] 

At Wells Sessions cause was shown that they ought not to 
dwell at Curland ideo hie ordo vacat. 

8. On a certificate from Hugh Pyne and Marmaduke 
Jennings, esquires, it is ordered that William Southfield, with 
his wife and family, be settled at Chard and set on work 
according to the statute. [Taunton Sess. 1623, No. 12, S.R., 
xliii, i, 60.] 

9. Order made by George Luttrell and Thomas Windham, 
esquires. 

Whereas Alice Sellicke, at the time of the birth of her child, 
confessed to her mother only that Howell Morgan, being her 
mother's servant, was the father, " which we are scarce induced 
to believe yet forasmuch as the said Howell hath confessed that 
he hath only kissed her and utterly denieth the fact," he shall 
pay three pence weekly to the overseers of Hilne until the child 
be seven years of age. 

Whereas this is the second offence of the said Alice, and her 
friends are of good ability, she shall bring up the child herself 
or otherwise be committed to the House of Correction according 
to law. [S.R., xliii, i, 63, 66.] 

10. Certificate from John Powlett, Richard Davies, and 
Richard Cole, esquires, that in the cause of the settling of 
Robert Whatley [Taunton, 1623, No. 10], Sir Robert Gorges 
undertaking for Wraxall and George Norton, esq., for Leighe 
[Abbots Leigh] to stand to their order, by ancient evidences it 
appeareth that a water-mill, wherein the said Whatley late 
dwelt, is within the parish of Wraxall, and therefore he shall be 
relieved by that parish : Dated I9th Sept., 1623. [S.R., xliii, 
i, 77} 

2 X 



338 &onur*t (Quarter 



11. Order made the 25th September, 1623, by Sir Edward 
Hext and John Stawell, esq. 

Francis Alford of Laurence Lydyard, butcher, the reputed 
father, shall pay four pence weekly from the birth of the child 
to the churchwardens and overseers of Huish \qu. Episcopi], to 
be paid over to Johan Sawtell, the mother, who shall keep her 
child until the said Francis Alford shall take the child and keep 
it. And he shall be bound with good sureties in 20 to perform 
this order. And whereas the said Johan is of lewd life and 
unhonest conversation, having had formerly two bastards, she 
is to be severely whipped until her body be bloody. [vS.7?., 
xliii, i, 79.] 

12. Order made the 5th August, 1623, by Sir Edward Hext 
and John Stawell, esq. 

Thomas Hatch of Hurcott in the parish of Somerton, 
husbandman, the reputed father, shall pay six pence weekly 
from the birth of the child until it be fourteen years of age, or 
until he shall take the child himself. And he shall be bound 
with sufficient sureties for the performance of this order. Johane 
Stuffey, the mother, shall be severely [whipped] through 
Somerton on a market day, and shall receive the said money 
and keep her child. [vS./?., xliii, i, 78.] 

13. Order made the i6th July, 1623, by Sir Henry Hawley 
and Robert CufTe, esq. 

Abraham Coles of Wembdon, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay one shilling and four pence weekly for the relief 
of the said child, whose mother is Agnes, the now wife of Robert 
Hancocke, and then widow of Humphrey Coles of Wembdon. 
And he shall be bound with sufficient sureties, himself in the 
sum of twenty pounds, for the performance of this order. [S.R., 
xliii, i, 80.] 



(Quarter $1001011* Jfocorto. 339 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT WELLS the isth, i4th, i5th, 
and i6th days of January, 21 James [1623-4] before Arthur 
[Lake] Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, Sir Henry Berkeley, 
Sir Edward Rodney, Sir Thomas Hughes, Richard Barlow, 
Dean of Wells, Gerard Word, D.D., Paul Godwyn, D.D., 
John Pawlett, Robert Hopton, John Maye, Francis Baber, 
Thomas Southworth, James Bisse, William Capell, Richard 
Davies, Edward Lancaster, and John Cole, esquires. 

1 . Whereas Thomasine Tarr, widow, lived at Winsford a long 
time but was lately delivered of a child at Brumpton Regis, 
where she died, but had given security to the overseers for saving 
the said parish harmless, yet notwithstanding the overseers sent 
the child to Winsford : Ordered that the child shall be returned 
back again to Brumpton Regis, unless good cause be shown to 
the contrary. 

2. On a petition from the parishioners of Kingston Seymer 
that the most part of the lands there are held by out-dwellers, 
who either keep them in their own lands or let them to poor 
under-tenants who keep no plough nor do any work about the 
highways, whereby they are become very founderous : Ordered 
that every out-dweller with forty acres shall find a plough to 
help in the reparations, and out-dwellers with less shall con- 
tribute proportionately ; and Francis Baber, Edward Tynte, and 
William Caple, esquires, or any two of them are desired to take 
notice whether this order be performed. [vS./?., xliv, 8.] 

3. John Metford to take the office of a tithingman in Merriott 
or to be bound to the next Sessions, on the petition of John 
Michel. 

4. On the petition of the churchwardens and overseers of 
Hutton that Agnes Longe of Banwell, widow, has forty pounds 
by the year at least, and yet denieth any relief to her poor 
daughter living at Hutton, very sickly, with five small children in 
great necessity : Ordered that the said Agnes shall allow them 
one shilling every week. [S.^., xliv, 9.] 



34 ^onui'sct (Quarter 



5. Stephen Bartlett and Mary his wife to be sent to Dunweare 
in the parish of Bridgwater, where they were married and last 
dwelt by the space of one whole year, unless good cause be 
shown to the contrary by the inhabitants of Bridgwater, at an 
open General Sessions in the presence of some inhabitants of 
Shapwick ; and John Pollard the younger, of Shapwick, shall 
forthwith pay to the overseers of Bridgwater by the consent of 
the said Stephen so much of his wife's portion as is now in the 
hands of the said Pollard. 

6. The parishioners of Lottisham may erect a cottage for 
Katherine Baker in such place of the waste as the Lords of the 
Manor have already appointed. 

7. All malsters are to.be suppressed, and none to be licensed 
but by the Justices of their limits, and they to licence none but 
such as they will answer for. 

8. Upon hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishioners of Batcombe and Castle Gary, it is ordered that 
Francis Powell shall be sent to Batcombe to be provided for, as 
it appears that he was last settled there as a covenant servant 
for one whole year. 

9. On the petition of William Wootton and Mary his wife, 
John May, Nathanaell Still and William Caple are desired to 
inquire in what parish they ought to be settled, and to order 
and determine the same if they can ; and if not, to certify 
their opinions therein at the next Sessions. [5.^., xliv, 31.] 



10. On the petition of the inhabitants of the Hundred of 
Batheforum that a bridge at Freshford is much in decay for want 
of reparation and like to grow very prejudicial to His Majesty's 
liege people, and that it is not known certainly what persons or 
lands ought to be charged with the reparation : Sir John Horner, 
Sir Robert Hopton, James Bisse and William Caple, esquires, are 
desired to call before them the inhabitants of the said Hundred, 
or so many of them as they shall think fit, examine the premises, 



(Quarter &t&4iim& t&tcortt*. 341 



and determine the same if they can ; or if not to certify their 
opinions at the next Sessions. [S.R., xliv, 30.] 

11. Francis Baber and William Caple, esquires, are desired to 
examine the difference between William Heale of the one part 
and Robert Kinge and Walter Blynman of the other part, 
touching certain wages in difference, and determine the same if 
they can ; and if not to certify to the next Sessions that such 
course may be taken as in justice is requisite. 

12. On the petition of the inhabitants of Witcombe that the 
parish is very poor, not containing above ten households able to 
do His Majesty's service, and the greater part of the revenues is 
in the hands of strangers, who neither supply any office belong- 
ing to His Majesty or Church, nor contribute to any charges 
incident to the same whereby the inhabitants are scarce ever 
free from one office or other : Ordered that all holders of lands 
or tenements there shall henceforth undergo anS execute all 
offices whatsoever as have been anciently used in their said lands 
or tenements, either by themselves or sufficient deputies, as it 
shall by indifferent election happen to them ; further, all occupiers 
of a ploughland more or less shall provide ploughs, workmen, 
and other necessaries proportionably for repairing the highways. 
Lastly, all issues forfeited by the parishioners for not repairing 
the highways shall be stayed until next Michaelmas Sessions 
upon the parishioners are to make affidavit of their reparations, 
or otherwise the said issues to be estreated. [S.R., xliv, 28.] 

1 3. On information that Thomas Wyatt of Preston is become a 
very lewd and dangerous person not fitting to live at liberty for 
fear of doing hurt and injury to the King's subjects: For the 
preventing of such mischiefs the said Wyatt is to be forthwith 
conveyed with this order to the House of Correction for this 
county, there to be safely kept and set on work until further 
order be taken ; and the said parish is to allow him maintenance 
if his labour is not sufficient to relieve him. [S.R., xliv, 20, 25.] 

14. Whereas John Edgell late of Swainesweeke, the reputed 
father of the child of Rebecca Davies, is fled away, and Agnes 
Davies, the mother of the said Rebecca, hath procured divers 



342 ^omerSet (Quarter de0*i<m4 



warrants for his apprehension, but hath been hindered by indirect 
courses used by Humphry, brother of the said John, and by 
Henry Merefield his father-in-law, and whereas the said Humphry 
did offer in the Court six pounds ten shillings to the said Agnes 
for her charges in keeping the child and for discharge of his 
brother which she would not accept : It is desired that Nathanael 
Still, esq., will be pleased to call all the parties before him, and 
end the difference if he can, and to bind over all refusing to 
perform his order to the next Sessions. [S.R., xliv, 33.] 

15. Upon long debating of the difference between the in- 
habitants of Bedminster and Brislington touching the settling 
of John Mearyweather : Ordered that he shall be settled at 
Bedminster. 

16. On the petition of the inhabitants of the tithyings of 
Rodstocke [Radstock], Babington and Holcombe, within the 
Hundred of Kilmersdon, that the said three tythings are very 
small and do contain only the fourth part of the said Hundred, 
yet though there are only two high constables the steward and 
bailiff do yearly appoint one of the said constables to be chosen 
out of one of the said tythings whereas it ought to be only once 
in four years : It is thought fit and ordered that the said two 
constables shall be chosen yearly indifferently out of the whole 
body of the Hundred, without limiting their election of one 
constable yearly out of the said three tythings. [S.R., xliv, 14.] 

17. On the humble petition of the inhabitants of Henton 
Blewet, and upon long hearing of the difference expressed in 
the said petition : Ordered that Edward Howe with his wife 
and children be forthwith removed from Henton to Chewton. 
[Mendip, S.R., xliv, 17]. 

1 8. An order made by Sir Henry Hawley and Farwell, esq., 
by virtue of a reference made to them at the last Ivelchester 
Sessions touching the examination of the tything rate between 
Barton [St. David], Kinton [Mandeville], Kingweston [is] con- 
firmed by this Court, and all persons as shall hereafter continue 1 

1 Something omitted, perhaps " to resist." 



$onur0et (Quarter ^e$3ton$ ifrecortts. 343 

the said order are upon complaint to be bound to the next 
Sessions to answer their contempt therein. 

19. On a certificate from Hugh Godsall and Thomas Lester, 
constables of the town of Taunton, that Thomas Turnor was 
bound apprentice to John Macie of Taunton, mercer, for eight 
years of which five years is served, and the said Macie is much 
decayed in his estate and the statute of Bankrupt sued out against 
him : Ordered that the said Turnor be discharged of his apprentice- 
ship and be at liberty to serve elsewhere. [S.R., xliv, 15.] 



GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT IVELCHESTER 
on the 6th, /th, and 8th April, 22 James [1624], before Sir 
John Horner, Sir Henry Berkeley, Paul Godwyn, D.D., 
James Bisse, Marmaduke Jennings, Robert Cuffe, Matthew 
Ewens, Thomas Windham, James Farwell, Thomas South- 
worth, Anthony Stocker, John Harbyn, and Edward Lan- 
caster, esquires. 

1. The five pounds now to be paid by the Treasurer of the 
Hospitals of the caster division to the Keeper of the House of 
Correction for this last quarter shall be paid to Mr. Richard 
Brown, now Keeper, and to Richard Hayes, late Keeper, to be 
equally divided between them. 

Thomas Southworth, Henry Barkeley, James Bysse, Pa. 
Godwyn, Marmaduke Jennings, Edward Lancaster. 

2. On further consideration of the settlement of John Merry- 
weather [Wells 1623-4, No. 15], for that information was given 
to Mr. Justice Hutton at the last assizes that the said Merry- 
weather in January, 1618, continued at Bedminster above a year, 
and then departed to Brislington and rented a house ; whereupon 
the overseers on complaint obtained an order that he should 
avoid the same, who notwithstanding, did continue for two years 
and a half, whereupon Mr. Justice Hutton declared that he ought 
to be settled at Brislington ; yet for that it appeared at Wells 



344 mnenfet (Quarter 



that the said Merryweather came to Brislington about Alhallow- 
tide 1620, and at Ladyday was ordered to avoid the parish within 
twenty days, and on his refusal was again complained of at a 
Petty Sessions held at Pensford and by Sir Francis Popham, 
Francis Baber, and William Capell, esquires, and again ordered 
to depart for that it appeared he enforced himself into the parish ; 
and at Wells, upon a judicial hearing of a full bench, it being 
shown he was always interrupted by the overseers in his abode 
there, he was ordered to Bedminster, which order we do maintain 
having power as we take it according to the law upon hearing to 
settle business of this quality. [S.R., xlvii, 23.] 

Tho. Southworth, James Bisse, Henry Barkeley, Pa. Godwyn, 
Edward Lancaster. 

3. On an appeal by John Macey against an order of the last 
Wells Sessions [No. 19], the order then made is suspended, and 
both parties are to attend at the next Sessions with their deter- 
mination of the difference, it in the meantime Robert Cuffe and 
George Brown, esquires, who are entreated by the Court to take 
some pains herein, cannot mediate some good end between them. 

4. It is ordered that no Churchales be hereafter used within 
this County. 

5. A House of Correction shall be erected and built up at 
Shepton Mallet for the easter part of the county ; and the sum 
of one hundred and threescore pounds, with threescore more for 
the fitting and finishing of the said house and for passing the 
assurance of the same, be forthwith raised by a tything rate from 
all the hundreds of the easter division ; and the money so collected 
be forthwith delivered to Sir John Horner and Robert Hopton, 
esq., to be by them employed accordingly. 

6. On information that Richard Tucker, the bailiff or under- 
bailiff of Froome Hundred, hath wrongfully taken and unjustly 
detaineth certain goods of Joane the wife of Edward Deare : Sir 
John Horner and Robert Hopton, esq., are desired to enquire 
whether the information is true, and either to end the grievance, 
or to certify the Court at the next Sessions. 



omettf*t (Quarter ^wtftons 3focortr$. 345 

7. Sir John Horner, Robert Hopton, and William Capell 
esquires, are desired to examine all the differences and contro- 
versies between Christopher Truckwell, Thomas Reeves, Margaret 
Barrett, Richard Cornish, and others, of the one part, and John 
Haysame, of the other side ; and to order and determine them if 
they can, and if not, to certify at the next Sessions their opinions 
therein. 

8. Certificate by the undersigned that they have examined 
the inhabitants of Bathforum Hundred, and find that the bridge 
at Freshford now in decay was built by the Abbot of Bath and the 
Prior of Henton [Charterhouse] with the benevolence of the whole 
County, two men being appointed by the said Abbot and Prior 
in " disgoysed " habit to collect and gather the charitable contri- 
butions of the whole county and all others who would contribute, 
by which means the bridge was built and hath continued firm 
until this present, the time that it was built being about one 
hundred years past ; and therefore they think it fit that it should 
be repaired by the whole county. [Wells, 1623-4, No. 10. S.R., 
xlvii, 8, 9.] 

At Froome the 2nd of April, 1624, John Horner and James 
Bisse. 

9. Order made the nth February, 1623-4, by Sir George 
Speke and William Walrond, esq. 

Robert Smalecorne of Combe St. Nicholas, labourer, shall 
pay eight pence weekly from the birth of the child to the overseers 
and churchwardens of Buckeland St. Mary ; and shall be bound 
with sufficient sureties in twenty pounds for the performance of 
this order. Purtesey Stacy shall maintain and educate her child 
so far as she shall be able. [S.R., xlvii, 18.] 

10. Whereas William Walrond, lord of the manor of Ilbrewers 
hath, at the earnest desire of divers inhabitants, given leave to 
Simon Exon, a poor aged man, to erect a cottage upon a parcel 
of the waste called Weechgreen, the Court is pleased to give way 
to the said Simon to erect a cottage for himself and Elizabeth, 
his wife, during their lives, although there be not four acres of 
land laid thereto. [5./u, xlvii, 22.] 

2 Y 



346 &omewfet Quarter 



1 1. Licence to Paul Hallett to erect a cottage upon the waste 
of the manor of Halsebere Plucknett, upon certificate from 
Richard Keylway, steward of the manor, that the inhabitants 
have given their consent, [S.R., xlvii, II.] 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT TAUNTON the 29th and 30th 
June, and 1st July, 22 James [1624], before Sir Robert 
Phelipps, Sir John Horner ; Thomas Southworth, John 
Symes, Thomas Brereton, Robert Cuffe, Marmaduke 
Jennings, William Walrond, Thomas Windham, Edward 
Lancaster and John Harbyn, esquires. 

1. The humble petition of John Wynpene and Robert 
Wynpene, showing that the said John being bound unto Tobie 
Bigge in 13/2'., for the payment of 6li. los/t., and arrested by the 
bailiffs for non-payment thereof, did compound with the said 
Bigge, yet he was detained by the said bailiffs until he had given 
them 2Os&., and promised 2Os/i. more : all which grievance is referred 
to Sir John Horner and Robert Hopton, esq., or either of them, to 
examine and take such course as shall seem fit. [S.R., xlviii, 37.] 

2. William Francis, esq., high sheriff, and John Stawell, esq., 
are desired to call before them the inhabitants of Bushopps 
Lidiard and Kingston and examine the difference concerning 
the settling of John Trott, born at Kingston ; and if it shall 
appear that he ought to be placed in any other parish, then both 
the said parishes to contribute to the charge laid out by Kingston 
heretofore. 

3. Upon full hearing of the cause in difference between the 
parishes of Taunton Magdalen and Hibuishopp [Bishops Hull] 
touching the placing of Andrew Strong with his wife and family ; 
it is ordered that he be settled at Hilbuishopps where he was last 
settled by the space of two years, 



omttftt Quarter &n&itm& ifcecorte. 347 

4. All malsters within the County be suppressed, and all 
licences formerly granted for the making of malt be made frustrate 
and void ; and further, no licence shall be granted except in open 
Sessions and in the presence of one Justice at the least of the 
same division wherein the person to be licensed dwelleth. 

5. Licence to Robert Backe of Abbotts He, labourer, being a 
poor man born in the parish, on his humble petition to erect a 
cottage on the waste of the manor, without four acres of land, 
so as he hath obtained leave and licence of the lord of the 
manor, and the consent of the inhabitants. [SJ?., xlviii, 35.] 

6. Upon the humble petition of the overseers of Somerton 
that the town being already overburdened with poor people, 
Phillip Tilly, who is now in gaol at Ivelchester for debt, doth 
endeavour wholly to turn off upon the said town his five children, 
although he hath certain leases and goods of good value : Ordered 
that the overseers shall rate and tax the occupiers of the said 
Tyllies estate towards the relief of the said children. [S.R., 
xlviii, 30.] 

7. John May and William Capell, esquires, are desired to call 
before them the overseers of Puxton and Robert Floyde of 
Wrington, taylor, and examine touching the abusing of Henry 
Harrison, apprentice to the said Floyde, and such monies as he 
hath received with him, and to order and determine the same if 
they can, or else to certify their opinions at the next General 
Sessions. 

8. Upon full hearing and long debating of the matter in 
controversy between the parishioners of Timberscombe and 
Carhampton touching the settling of Philip Thorne, an impotent 
person, born at Timberscombe : Ordered that the said Philip be 
sent to Carhampton, for that it appeareth he was lawfully settled 
there for one whole year and more. 

9. The Treasurer of the Hospitals for the caster division shall 
forthwith pay forty pounds to Sir John Horner for the settling 



348 domntftt (Quarter 



and establishing of the House of Correction at Shepton Mallet. 
[S.R., xlviii, 14.] 

Robert Philipps, Thomas Brereton, Thomas South worth, 

Thomas Windham, Robert Cuffe, Edward Lancaster, 

John Symes, Marmaduke Jennings. 

10. Upon hearing of the appeal of John Macey of Taunton 
against an order made at the Wells Sessions [1623-4, No. 19] ; 
it is ordered that Thomas Turner, his apprentice, be absolutely 
discharged of his said apprenticeship. [vS.^?., xlviii, 24.] 

John Horner, Thomas Southworth, Robert Cuffe, Edward 
Lancaster, Thomas Brereton. 

11. Order made by John Symes, Robert Cuffe, and Thomas 
Brereton, esquires. 

Henry Crooke of Stoake St. Mary, husbandman, the reputed 
father, shall pay eight pence weekly from the birth of the child, 
and shall become bound with sufficient sureties unto the church- 
wardens of Stoake aforesaid for the performance of this order. 
Joane Templer, the mother, shall by herself keep and maintain 
her said child. [S.R., xlviii, 12.] 

12. Order made the 28th June, 1624, by Nathaniell Still and 
William Capell, esquires. 

Richard Barber of Berrowe, butcher, the reputed father, shall 
pay eight pence every Sabbath day after Morning Prayer to the 
churchwardens and overseers of Berrowe from the birth of the 
child until it be seven years of age. 

Bridget Browne, the mother, shall keep her child without 
receiving any relief from the parish,or else pay eight pence weekly. 

Both parties shall enter into bond with sufficient sureties for 
the performance of this order. 

The mother is to be publickly whipped in the next market 
town till her body be bloudy. The father, as his guilt only 
appeareth by the confession of the mother, is left to be dealt 
with by the lawes ecclesiastical of this land. [S.R., xlviii, 33.] 



$onurstt (Quarter $eldtong KJUcortisf. 349 



SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT BRIDGWATER the 5th, 6th, 
and 7th days of October, 22 James [1624], before Sir Robert 
Phelippes, Sir Thomas Wroth, Sir Edward Rodney, and 
Thomas Southworth, Edward Rogers, Marmaduke Jennings, 
John Symes, Robert CufTe, Thomas Windham, William 
Capell, Anthony Stocker, Richard Davies, George Browne, 
Edward Lancaster, and Richard Cole, esquires. 

1. Mr. Amies Harvy of Chelton [Chilton-upon-Polden], 
chosen constable of Whitley Hundred, being found insufficient 
from inability of body, is discharged ; and another is to be chosen 
in his stead, who shall be brought before the next Justice 
adjoining to the said Hundred to take his oath of office. 

2. Whereas the house in Ivelchester commonly called the 
new gaol was built at the great and general charge of this 
County, to remain for the use thereof : It is in respect thereof 
and for divers other causes now thought fit and ordered that the 
House of Correction, which is kept in part of the said house 
shall be divided from the residue, which is now used as a gaol ; 
and from henceforth every Sheriff shall make an acknowledg- 
ment that the same house properly belongs to this County, and 
shall pay the sum of ten shillings yearly to the Treasurer of the 
Hospitals of the west division as an acknowledgment for such 
rooms as are now employed for the gaol. And the charge of 
the dividing and parting of the rooms for the House of Correction 
from those used for the gaol shall be paid by the said Treasurer, 
who shall pay into the hands of Thomas Gould, gent, and 
William Beaton 6li. i $sk. ^d. in part of the said charges, and the 
remainder at the next Sessions, when the said parties shall 
bring in a just accompt of the same charges in particular. And 
it is ordered that John Furnis is to keep the House of Correction, 
and to receive such allowance as hath heretofore been paid. 
[S.R., xlix, 39.] 

Robert Phelippes, Thomas Wroth, John Symes, George 
Brown, Richard Cole, Gawen Mallett, Robert Cuffe. 



350 jomn-fft Quarter ci$tons McrorOs. 

3. Whereas the Court is informed that there are divers 
disorderly and unruly persons inhabiting in and about South 
Petherton that do not only disobey but resist all authority and 
execution of Justice, and that the said persons do daily increase 
their company and are like to take so great a head that unless 
there be some speedy course taken for the prevention of them, 
no officer there will be able to execute his office : It is ordered 
that a warrant of the good behaviour shall be awarded against 
all these unruly persons ; and the Court doth desire Marmaduke 
Jennings, esq., to cause the said warrant to be forthwith 
executed by the constables and officers of the said town of 
South Petherton to prevent such farther mischief as may ensue. 
And if the said officers shall neglect or refuse the same, they 
are to be bound to the next Sessions to answer their contempt. 

4. With regard to the difference between the inhabitants of 
Salcofnbe in Devon and Broomefeild concerning the settling of 
Tacie Binford, as it appears that she lately dwelt at Salcombe 
with her grandmother, one Bowyer, widow, now dead, for two 
or three years, and since then hath remained up and down the 
country : It is ordered that the said Tacye be returned to 
Salcombe to be provided for. 

5. Whereas Stephen Dycke, tythingman of Winscombe, was 
by a mittimus appointed to convey William Vinsent of the same 
to Ivelchester gaol for want of sureties in a bastardy order, and 
then permitted the said Vinsent to escape, whereby the base 
child is likely to be chargeable to the said parish : John May, 
Nathanaell Still, and William Capell, esquires, or any two of 
them, are desired to call before them the churchwardens and 
overseers of Winscombe and the said Stephen, and, after 
examination, to charge the said Stephen with a weekly payment, 
to continue until the said William Vinsent be brought forth to 
give bond to discharge the said parish. 

6. Andrew Phelippes of Ubly, in respect of his hurts and 
maymes sustained in the wars in Ireland in the time of his 
Present Majesty as well as in the time of the late Queen, as 
appeareth by his petition, is to receive 20s/i. from the Treasurer 



(Quarter g>e&ions t&ecortfs. 351 



of the Maymed Soldiers towards his present necessity. 
xlix, 6.] 

7. Order made by Thomas Brereton and George Browne, 
esquires. 

Thomas Towninge of West Hatch, baker, the reputed father, 
shall pay twelve pence weekly from the birth of the child to the 
overseers and churchwardens of North Curry, and shall be bound 
in 20/z. with sureties to discharge the said parish. [5.7?., 
xlix, 31.] 

8. It is now ordered by the Justices of Peace here present 
that there shall be three Houses of Correction in this County, 
at Shepton Mallett, Ivelchester, and Taunton, whereunto those 
several Hundreds and Liberties shall contribute : 

Taunton : Taunton and Taunton Deane with the borough, 
Milverton, the four wester tythings, Huntspill and Puriton, 
Whitly, North Petherton, with borough of Bridgwater, Canning- 
ton, Andersfeild, Williton, and Freemanors, Carhampton, and 
part of Abdick and Bulstone as it hath usually heretofore been. 

Ivelchester, if the House of Correction may conveniently be 
divided from the gaol : Pitney and Langport, with the island of 
Mochelney, Kingsbury East, Martocke, Creukerne, Hounds- 
borough, Abdick and Bulstone (the other part not before rated), 
South Petherton, Tintenhull, with borough of Ivelchester and 
manor of Northovor, Barwick, Coker, Somerton, Stone, with 
borough of Yeovell, Catishash. 

Shepton Mallett: Hartcliffe and Bedminster, Portbury, 
Keynsham, Bath forum, Hampton and Claverton, Chewe, 
Wells forum, Winterstoake, Bempstone, Brent with Wrington, 
Froome, Kilmersdon, Wellowe, Chewton, Whitstone, Hore- 
thorne, Breweton, Norton Ferris, the Twelve Hides of Glaston. 

Further orders for the government of the said Houses shall 
be referred to the next Wells Sessions. 

Thomas Southworth, Ro. Hopton, Geo. Brown, Rich. Cole, 
Edward Lancaster, Rice Davies. 

9. Whereas Thomas Francombe hath been a petitioner to 
this Court for some relief for losses and disbursements sustained 



352 ^omerset (Quarter 



and laid forth in the service of his Prince and country, as he 
allegeth : Ordered that he shall have three pounds from the 
Treasurer of the Hospitals of the wester division, and henceforth 
he is not to trouble any Sessions in this county concerning his 
said former suit. 

10. Order made the 27th September, 1624, by John Symes 
and Marmaduke Jennings, esquires. 

William Scose, late of Gregorystoake, husbandman, the 
reputed father, shall pay twelve pence weekly from the birth of 
the child to the churchwardens and overseers of Gregorystoake 
every Sabbath day immediately after evening prayer, and give 
bond with sufficient sureties for the performance of this order. 
[S.R., xlix, 24.] 

[Nothing is set down concerning Joane Darch, the mother.] 

11. Licence to Phellipp Davie of Brompton Ralfe on his 
petition to build a cottage on the waste of the manor, he having 
obtained the consent of Arthur Mallet, esq., lord of the manor, 
and a certificate under the hands of the greatest part of the 
parishioners there. [S.R., xlix, n.] 

12. John Hurwood of Burnham is granted ten pounds, to be 
paid by the Treasurer of the Hospitals of the easter division in 
two equal parts, in consideration of his great losses by fire, 
almost to his utter undoing. [5.^?., xlix, 8 ; 9, a note of his 
goods.] 

13. Whereas this Court is informed that the western part of 
this County, and especially about the town of Taunton, are much 
pestered with great numbers of wandering and disorderly 
persons who do much annoy the country ; and that by reason 
of age and unfitness of William Storier, now master of the 
House of Correction, the service is much neglected to the great 
prejudice of the country : Ordered that the said Storier be forth- 
with removed, and one Jacob Steyte, a man recommended by 
the Justices of that limit now present, be placed in his stead, 
and receive from the Treasurer of the " Westerne Lymitts " the 
sum formerly paid to Storier. And for further enlargement of 



domttfet Quarter $*&ton0 i&tcorfcg. 353 

the said pension, that the said service may be the better discharged, 
the sum of thirty-five pounds yearly shall be levied out of the 
Hundreds contributing to the said House [as in No. 8], to be 
raised by a usual rate by warrant from the Justices of the 
several limits, and paid over to the said Treasurer, and by him 
paid to the Master of the House. [5.7?., xlix, 7.] 

Robert Phelipps, Thomas Wroth, Edward Rodney, Thomas 
Windham, Edward Lancaster, Tho. Southworth, Geo. 
Browne, Robert Cuffe, Rice Davis. 

14. Whereas the overseers and churchwardens of East 
Quantoxhead do refuse to obey a warrant concerning the 
settling there of Jeane Colverwell, signed by Sir Nicholas 
Halswell and Robert Cuffe, esq., the nth April last past : after 
due consideration it is resolved that the said Jeane be sent with 
this order to East Quantoxhead, and there left with the said 
churchwardens and overseers whom this County doth require 
to receive her. And as it is expedient that the bastard should 
follow the mother, it is further ordered that the said child be 
likewise conveyed with the mother. [-S./?., xlix, 25.] 



"GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE HELD AT WELLS the 
nth, I2th, I3th, and I4th January, 22 James [1624-5], 
before the Right Rev. Arthur [Lake], Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, Sir William Button, knt. and baronet, Sir Robert 
Phelipps, Sir John Horner, Sir Henry Barkley, Sir Edward 
Rodney, Sir Thomas Hughes, Sir George Young, knts. ; 
Ralph Barlow, Dean of Wells, Gerard Wood, D.D., Paul 
Godwyn, D.D., Thomas Southworth, Robert Hopton, John 
May, James Bisse, Francis Baber, James Farwell, Edward 
Tynte, William Capell, William Walrond, Richard Davies 
Marmaduke Jennings, Anthony Stocker, Edward Lancaster 
and Richard Cole, esquires. 

I. Sir Edward Rodney is desired by the Court to examine 
the differences between William Dando and John Willcokes 

2 Z 



354 



and if he cannot determine the same, to certify his opinions at 
the next Sessions. 

2. On the petition of John Walter of Batcombe, who hath a 
charge of a wife and six small children, and on the request of 
the lords of the manor and of the inhabitants thereof, licence is 
granted to him to erect a cottage there, though he hath not four 
acres laid thereto. [S.R., Hi, 47.] 

3. On the petition of Gyles Hillinge of Charlton Musgrove, 
who hath a charge of a wife and six small children, and on the 
request of the inhabitants of the said parish, licence is granted 
to him to erect a cottage upon the waste of the manor of Barrow 
Marsh, if he procure licence from the lord of the manor, though 
he be not able to lay four acres thereto. [S.J?., lii, 32.] 

4. Whereas John Ozen, by the consent of John May, esq., 
and John Cannon, gent., lords of the manor of Blagdon, hath 
built a cottage there, this Court cloth license him to continue 
there during the full term of twenty-one years, fully to be 
complete and ended, though there be not four acres of land 
thereto, so that he procure the consent of the inhabitants of the 
said manor. [5.^?., lii, 23.] 

5. For that there hath been much difference, and at this 
.present Sessions, Indictments depending for the repairing of 
Mark bridge, at which Sessions a writ of Certiorari has been 
brought by the officers of the lords of the manors of East 
Brent, South Brent, Lympsham, and Berrow, and allowed ; and 
for that the bridge is much in decay to the great annoyance of 
the Country : It is thought fit, and consented to by all parties 
concerned, that the bridge shall be forthwith repaired by the 
equal costs and charges of the said lords and of the inhabitants 
of Mark ; and the party found liable at the Trial for the repair 
of the said bridge shall repay to the other party all their con- 
tributions thereto. [S.R., lii, 9, petit, of Mark parish.] 

6. On the petition of John Pukeringe of Felton, Innkeeper, it 
is ordered that William House of the same place, Tippler, shall 



355 



be suppressed from and at the end and expiration of the licence 
now granted to him for that purpose. [5.^., Hi, 14.] 



7. Order made the 30th June by John Symes and Thomas 
Brereton, esquires. George Kelson of Bristol, brewer, the 
reputed father, shall forthwith take away and maintain the base 
child himself at his own proper costs and charges, and also shall 
be bound with sufficient sureties to the churchwardens and over- 
seers of St. Mary Magdalene, Taunton, where the said child was 
born, that it shall not become burdensome at any future time. 

Ann Wells als. Webb, the mother, shall for her offence be 
openly whipped in the street of Taunton. [S.R., Hi, 42.] 

8. Ordered at this present Sessions that all the Justices of 
Peace of the eastern division within this County, or any six of 
them, shall meet at Shepton Mallet the first day of February 
next, there to consider of the ordering, contriving and finishing 
of the House of Correction there ; and that then all those that have 
received any monies towards the said House shall bring them in. 

Geo. Younge, John Maye, Tho. Southworth, John Horner, 
Robert Hopton, Gerald Wood, William Walrond. 

9. Ordered this day, the nth January, 1624-5, that all the 
inhabitants and occupiers of lands within the Hundreds and 
Liberties under-named, shall contribute towards the erecting of 
the House of Correction at Shepton Mallet, and any person 
refusing shall be bound over to the next Sessions to answer their 
contempt therein. 

Horethorne, Norton Ferris, Brewton, Whitstone, Glaston 
Twelvehides, Wells forum and the City, Chewe, Chewton, Kil- 
mersdon, Wellowe, Bath forum, Froome, Keynsham, Hartcliffe 
and Bedminster, Portbury, Bempstone, Brent with Wrington, 
Winterstoke, Hampton and Claverton, Mells and Leigh, Henton 
and Norton. 

Tho. Southworth, Gerald Wood, John Horner, Robert 
Hopton, Geo. Young, William Walrond, Edward Tynte, 
Rich. Cole, Rice Davies, William Capell. 



356 ^ommirt (Quarter >t$tottJ 



10. On the petition of Agnes Exden of Sutton in Wilts, that 
she, being the grandmother on the father's side of a base child, 
born at Stoke Lane in this County, hath brought it up to her 
great charge and hindrance, and that widow Serrill of Evill 
[Yeovil], being grandmother of the child on the mother's side, 
who is of good ability as it is reported, doth very unnaturally 
refuse to help to support the said child : Ordered that the said 
Serrill shall pay nine pence weekly towards the support of the 
child, or on her refusal she shall take the child herself, and then 
Agnes Exden shall pay nine pence weekly. And the woman 
who is to pay the nine pence shall give security to the other. 
[S.R., Hi, 31.] 

11. Whereas George Haule of Dundry did heretofore receive 
into his house at Stowey as an under-tenant, Thomas Fowler, 
for which the tenants of the manor did present the said Haule, 
who did promise to save the parish harmless from the said 
Fowler : Ordered that the said Fowler shall be settled at Stowey, 
and the said Haule shall perform his promise, in that by his 
means the said Fowler has been settled at Stowey for four years 
and cannot be removed by law. 

12. Whereas it appeareth by presentment that Stanmore 
Bridge is greatly decayed and dangerous for travellers, and 
whereas it likewise appeareth by an ancient order under the 
hands of Sir Nicholas Halswell and Robert CufTe, esq., and 
others, Commissioners of Sewers, that the said bridge ought to 
be repaired at the costs of the inhabitants of Aller, High Ham, 
Heywsh, Dray ton, [ Curryrivell, Gregorystoake, North Curry, 
Taunton, Langport, and West Hatch : Ordered that the inhabi- 
tants of the said parishes shall repair or make new the said 
bridge before the 3<Dth May next, and shall by that date collect 
and pay such sums of money as shall be proportionately rated 
and imposed upon them, or shall at the next Sessions show 
sufficient cause to the contrary. 

13. Sir John Horner and Robert Hopton and James Bysse, 
esquires, are desired to call before them the inhabitants of the 
tythings of Bath Forum Hundred, and to examine the premisses 



&onwiet Quarter &l$um$ &eforte. 357 

of the petition presented by some of the tythings, that they are 
over-rated and can get no relief, and to order the same if they 
can, or if not, to certify their opinions therein at the next 
Sessions. [S.R., Hi, 10.] 

14. Order made the I2th January, 1624-5, by Sir Henry 
Barkeley and James Farwell, esq. 

Maurice Stevens als. Hooper, of Brewton, the reputed father, 
shall pay eight pence weekly from the birth of the child to the 
overseers and churchwardens of Brewton, which sum shall be 
paid every Sunday in the south porch of the parish church after 
Morning Prayer. Elizabeth Bugden of Brewton, the mother, 
shall keep the child herself, or otherwise pay six pence weekly 
towards the support of the said child. 

Both parties shall give bonds with two sufficient sureties for 
the performance of this order. [5.^., lii, 26, 27.] 



15. Whereas there was a reference to William Francis and 
John Stawell, esquires, concerning the settling of John Trott, an 
impotent man, who have certified that they found him to be last 
settled at Tolland, in respect he there served an apprenticeship 
of seven years ; and now it appeareth that none of the inhabi- 
tants of Tolland were called or warned to be before the said 
Justices at the time of examination : The Court doth desire the 
said Mr. Francis and Mr. Stawell, Thomas Brereton and Gawen 
Mallet, esquires, or any two of them, to call the overseers and 
others of Tolland before them to hear what they can say or 
allege for themselves why the said Trott should not be there 
settled. [S.R., lii, 25.] 

i'6. Whereas Edward Burt with his wife and child was quietly 
settled at Northover for one whole year, yet now is lately gone 
to West Lydford, intending there to inhabit : the Court doth 
conceive that by the law he ought to be removed to Northover, 
and there settled in regard of his former abode. 



INDEX. 

The names of places are arranged tinder modern spelling according to the 
fost Office Directory. 



A. 



Abarrowe, Anthony, 18, 67, 328. 
Abbas Combe. See Temple Combe. 
Abbots Causeway, 321. 
Abbots Leigh, 70, 144, 332, 337. 
Abbott, George (Archb. Cant.), 256; 

Judith, 252 ; Marie, 50 ; Nathaniel, 

132; Susan, 115, 117, 121, 136; 

Thomas, 50. 

Abdick and Bulstone Hundred, 350. 
Abraham, Martha, 310. 
Acary (Gary), John, I. . x 
Adams (Addams), John, 3, 7, II, 12, 18, 

45, 49, 5 1 , 177* 192 ; Richard, 137 ; 

William, 13, 33. 
Addecote, Thomas, 73. 
Addison, J., Spectator, xxxvii. 
Addlames (Adhames), Margaret, 121, 

13*. !59- 

Aishe, Hugh, 246 ; John, 182. 

Aisholt, 92. 

Aishton, William, 81. 

Alehouse (tippling), 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 18, 26, 
36, 38, 46, 59, 78, 81, 82, 90, 91, 92, 
99, 102, 103, 105, 116, 120, 121, 124, 
141, 144, 157, 161, 175, 180, 182, 199, 

222, 224, 225, 229, 235, 236, 239, 24 F, 

248, 257, 274, 295, 326, 354. See 

also Inn, Victualling-house. 
Ales. See Churchales. 
Alford, Francis, 338. 
Allen, Henry, 84, 85, 224 ; Richard, 66 ; 

William, 167. 
Aller, Anthony, 207. 
Aller (Auler), 29, 33, 83, IOI, 159, 163, 

269, 320, 356. 



Allin, , 6. 

Allyn(e), Hugh, 38 ; Thomas, 39.. 

Almshouses (hospitals), 61, 83, 87, 89, 
99, 193, 293, 312, 314, 336. 

Alphington, 76. 

Alvington, 205, 206. 

Alvyn, Richard, 99, 191. 

Andersfield Hundred, 20, 184, 351. 

Andrewes (Androwes, Androes), Alex- 
ander, 99; John, 326; Joseph, 147; 
Lancelot, Bp. Winton, 297 ; Thomas, 
161, 298 ; Veanes, 326. 

Anne of Denmark, 154. 

Annsell als. Channler, John, 252. 

Anstice, Mary, 241, 249. 

Apprentices, xxxii, 8, 21, 24, 97, no, 
116, 123, 129, 136, 145, 151, 173, 193, 

2O4, 2IO, 227, 251, 257, 258, 270, 283, 

295, 347- 

Archdeacon of Wells' Court, 158. 
Arnold, John, 64. 
Arnold^. Taylor, Richard, 158. 
Arundell, Lord, 207, 256. 
Ash (near Martock), 55. 
Ashbrittle, 30, 202, 203, 206. 
Ashcott, no, 134, 216, 301, 313. 
Ashill, 88, 136. 
Ashman, John, 325. 
Atherstone, 81. 
Atkins, Alexander, 14 ; Charity, 58 ; 

John, 65 ; Thomas, 14. 
Atthayes Richard, 45. 
Attway, Thomas, 166. 
Attwell, Alice, 172 ; Anthony, 31 ; 

Hugh, 172 ; Richard, 31 ; William, 

31. 
Audley, Joseph, 56, 61. 



3 6 



Aust, 221. 

Avery, John, 318; Richard, 21, 23; 

Susan, 21, 24 ; William, 102. 
Axbridge, 2, 23, 30, 51, 98, 124, 178, 

283. 

Axe water, 62. 
Axeminster, 5. 
Axmouth, 32. 
Ayshwood, Henry, 72. 



B. 



Babbe, John, 16. 
Babcary, 59. 

Baber, Francis, 6, 7, 12, 14, 15, 32, 33, 
34, 35,49, S 2 , 68, 70, 77, 78, 79, 80, 

91, 95, 104, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 

131, 134, 141, 150, 152, 157, 163, 176, 

179, 182, 183, 184, 185, 1 86, 1 88, 195, 

196, 2OO, 2OI, 2O2, 2O5, 2O8, 2IO, 212, 
214, 220, 222, 224, 226, 227, 23 t, 234, 
237, 244, 251, 254, 257, 260, 262, 271, 
272, 273, 275, 276, 28l, 282, 284, 285, 
286, 292, 296, 306, 308, 309, 312, 323, 

324,325,338,341, 344,353- 
Babington, 342. 
Babson, Henry, 281. 
Backe, Robert, 347 ; William, 299. 
Backwell, 9, 30. 

Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, 256. 
Bacon, John, 253, 257. 
Badgworth, 98, 139, 153, 157, 181, 190. 
Bagborough West, 242, 316. 
Bagnall, Margaret, 291. 
Bagwell, Anne, 211. 
Baker, Elizabeth, 291 ; Frances, 253, 

257 ; Jane, 204,; John, 204, 325, 326; 

Katharine, 327, 340 ; Mary, 204 ; 

Richard, 325 ; Robert, 325 ; Roger, 

191 ; Thomas, 237, 241, 249, 325. 
Baker's Churchale, 6. 
Balche, James, 74, 76 ; Robert, 299. 
Bale, Tristram, 6. 

Ball(e), Abraham, 70 ; Hugh, 142, 143. 
Ballafonte, Robert, 24, 332. (Bollefont.) 
Balshmores bridge, 26. 
Baltonsborough, 87, 99, 200, 213, 274, 

280. 

Band, Robert, 258 ; Thomas, 105. 
Banell, John, 192. 



Banwell, 327, 332, 339. 
Banwell, John, 246 ; Thomas, 62. 
Barber (Barbour), Edward, 44 ; Peter, 

12, 20, 21 ; Richard, 62, 348. 
Barby, Andrew, 127. 
Barde, Giles, 78. 

Barkeley, Robert, 108. See also Berkeley. 
Barlow (Derbyshire), 331. 
Barlow, Ralph, 329, 339, 353. 
Barnard, John, 177, 286 ; Nathaniel, 

316, 321. 

Barnes, Thomas, 64. 
Barowes, Elizabeth, 312. 
Barrett, Agnes, 232 ; Margaret, 345. 
Barrington, 19, 71, 97, 289, 290. 
Barrow, 230. 
Barrow (in Charlton Musgrove), 109, 

354- 

Barrow, North, 224, 225. 
Barry, John, 77. 
Barter, William, 201. 
Bartherum, Humphrie, 29. 
Bartlett, Mary, 340 ; Richard, 64 ; 

Robert, 72 ; Stephen, 340. 
Barton St. David, 209, 328, 342. 
Barwick, 50. 
Bastable, Francis, 326. 
Bastards, xxxii. 
Batcombe, 340, 354. 
Bath, 67, 127, 153, 154, 165, 168, 197. 
Bath, Abbot of, 345. 
Bathforum Hundred, 340, 345, 351, 

355, 356. 

Bath, Margaret, 109. 
Bathealton (Badialton), 331. 
Batheaston, 171. 
Bathpoole bridge, 332. 
Batt, John, 67 ; Robert, 61. 
Baunton, John, 237. 
Bawdripp, no, 114, 134, 135, 142, 255, 

256. 

Bayley, John, 25, 128, 129. 
Baynard, Captain, 167 ; Mrs., 167. 
Beaks, William, n. 
Beale, Matthew, 60. 
Beaminster, 52. 
Bear-baitings, 7- 
Beajde, James, 63 ; Joane, 299 ; John, 

5- 

Beaton, William, 307, 349. 
Beckington, 196. 



361 



Becknell, Henry, 83 ; Nicholas, 24, 40. 

Bedminster, 342, 343, 344. 

Bedminster with Hartcliffe Hundred, 30. 

Beer, William, 134. 

Beercrocombe, 333. 

Bempstone Hundred, 2, 105, 121, 161, 

39, 35 1 , 355- 

Bendell, Henry, 92; John, 106, 113. 

Bennett, Alexander, 63 ; Elizabeth, 63 ; 
Ralph, 87 ; Thomas, 199 ; William, 
58, 97- 

Berkeley (Barkeley), Charles, 309, 327 ; 
Elizabeth, 327 ; Edward, 235 ; Henry, 
244, 245, 248, 250, 251, 252, 258, 
264, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 276, 
277, 281, 282, 284, 285, 286, 287, 
288, 292, 293, 295, 296, 306, 312, 
313, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 328, 
333, 339, 343, 344, 353, 357 ; Maurice, 
14, 32, 71, 78, 93, 94, 116, 118, 123, 
138, 142, 144, 146, 157, 165, 174, 

2OI. 

Berkley, 77, 78, 190. 

Berrow, 62, 284, 303, 305, 306, 309, 

324, 348, 354- 
Bery, George, 64. 
Best, William, 40. 
Betty, Gervis, 290. 
Beynon, Robert, xxxviii. 
Bickenhall (Bicknell), 66. 
Bickfold (in Compton Martin), 234. 
Bickham, Johane, 255. 
Bicknoller (Bicknaller), 60, 78, 129, 130. 
Bidales, 7. 
Biddisham, 249. 
Bidgood, Robert, 57. 
Bigge, Tobye, 346 ; William, 223. 

Biggs, > 6 3 ; J ohn , !34, 146. 

Billstone ah. Lurtins, Stephen, 87. 

Bilson, Thos., Bp. Winton, 79. 

Bindon, Matthew, 68. 

Binegar, 286. 

Binford ; Tacie, 350. 

Bisgoed, Robert, 199. 

Bishop, Ambrose, 168 ; John, 6, 154, 

155, 166, 167. 

Bishop's Court at Wells, 44. 
Bishop's Hull (Hillbishopes), 297, 311, 

346. 
Bishop's Lydiard, 20, 22, 25, 51, 80, 

81, 264, 346. 



Bisse, James, i, 43, 55, 68, 81, 91, 92, 

IO4, IO5, IO9, III, 114, I 2O, 122, 
123, 124, 126, 127, 133, 134, 135, 137, 
138, 141-144, 146, 150, 152, 153, 157, 

159-164, 167, 168, 173, 185, 189, 195, 
197, 199, 204, 205, 208,214,216,220, 

222, 225, 227-230, 233, 234, 238, 
240, 244, 245, 2.50, 251, 264, 28l, 282, 
285, 286, 287, 292, 293, 296, 301, 306, 
308, 312, 313, 315, 318, 323, 324, 326, 

338, 340, 343, 344, 345, 353, 356. 
Bisse, Richard, 31. 
Bithesea, Joseph, 198. 
Blackaller (John), 31. 
Blackleech, John, 67. 
Blackmore, Lewis, 31. 
Blagdon, 232, 245, 254. 
Blake, John, 168, 169 ; Thomas, 177, 
Blancharde, Thomas, 171 ; William, 

34- 

Bleadon, 87, 100, 171. 
Bloxsford, 37. 
Blynman, Walter, 341. 
Bockill, John, 68. 

Bohemia, 308 ; King and Queen of, 282. 
Bollam, John, 58. 
Bollefonte. See Bellafonte. 
Bollor, Walter, 118. 
Bonham, Robert, 68, 70. 
Boobyer, Christopher, 170. 
Boole, William, 252. 
Boone, John, 52. 
Borough, Richard, 305. 
Borowe bridge. See Burrow. 
Borowe, Robert, 249, 250. 
Botham, Thomas, 226. 
Boult, Elinor, 62. 
Boulting, Joane, 106, 113; John, 93, 

1 06. 

Bowber, John, 72 ; Robert, 72. 
Bowden, John, 6 ; Mary, 203 ; William, 

254- 

Bowdridge, Richard, 332. 
Bowen, Edith, 82, 102. 
Bower, East, 218. 
Bower, Thomas, 218. 
Bowne, Hugh, 135. 
Bowyer, " one," 350. 
Boyse, John, 147 ; Robert, 67. 
Bracke, Thomas, 93. 
Bradfield. See Broadfield. 



362 



Bradford, 216, 218, 272, 295. 

Bradford als. Bayley, William, 259. 

Bradford, Robert, 85. 

Bradley, North (Wilts), 307. 

Bradley, West, no. 

Bradsavv, Oliver, 67. 

Bradshaw, George, 136. 

Bragge, M., 117, Robert, 89. 

Braine(y), Thomas, 6, 237. 

Brangwell, Richard, 233, 234. 

Breane, 62, 105. 

Breathers, Joan, 58. 

Brenfield, Agnes, 243. 

Brent, East, 233, 290, 309, 321, 324, 

Brent, Hundred, 334, 351, 355. 

Brent, South, 280, 287, 305, 309, 321, 

324, 354- 

Brereton, Thomas, 85, 100, 116, 120, 124, 
127, 129, 142, 143, 144, 149, 152, 179, 
180, 184, 189, 192, 195, 210, 218, 234, 
240, 241, 242, 245, 256, 258, 260, 272, 
273, 292, 294, 295, 301, 310, 315, 318, 
323, 330, 332, 346, 348, 35i, 355. 
357- 

Brewer, Johane, 127 ; Nicholas, 127. 

Brewham, 71, 165, 276, 309; North, 
309 ; South, 211. 

Brewing, 39, 105, 144, 174, 229, 267, 
320, 340, 347. 

Brewton. See Bruton. 

Brice, Joan, 305. 

Briddian, Durstoun, 51. 

Bridewell, xliii, 1, 117, 119. 

Bridges, xxxix, xl, 6, 26, 33, 45, 47, 
48, 55, 56, 69, 102, 106, 119, 163, 216, 

220, 225, 241, 245, 250, 272, 295. 302, 

309, 312, 313, 315, 317, 318, 324, 328, 

33 2 340, 345. 354, 356. 
Bridges, John, 103 ; Thomas, 68, 69, 77, 
78, 80, 82, 91, 95, 104, in, 114, 116, 

117, Il8, I2O, 121, 122, 124, 125, 131, 
134, 135, 141, 146, 157, 159, 162, 163, 

164, 168, 171, 176, 179, 183, 185, 186, 

193. 195, 196, 197, 200, 201, 202, 205, 
2O8, 2IO, 212, 214, 220,222, 224, 226, 
231, 237, 244, 251, 257, 260, 262, 264, 
265, 271. 

Bridgwater, 5, 20, 42, 52, 85, no, 133, 
153, 218, 226, 230, 255, 256, 302, 
320, 340, 351. 



Brimpton Deverey, 205. 

Brislington, 4, 50, 244, 342, 343, 344. 

Bristell, Agnes, 298. 

Bristol, 15, 21, 154, 168, 271, 355. 

Bristowe, John, 43. 

Broad Chalk. See Chalke. 

Broad Marston. See Marston Magna. 

Broadfield Down, 45. 

Broadshaw, Johane, 167 ; Katherine, 
167. 

Broadway, 133. 

Brocke, John, 64. 

Brodford. 

Brodlenche, 23. 

Brodripp, Johane, 1 12. 

Brokes als. Thome, Abraham, 1. 

Brompton, Ralph, 278, 352. 

Brompton Regis, 339. 

Brooke, Charles, 26, 27 ; Walter, 123. 

Brookman, Richard, 223. 

Brooks als. Baker, John, 213. 

Broomfield, 350. 

Brounsford, Humfry, 183. 

Brown, Agnes, 276 ; Bridget, 348 ; 
Christopher, 40, 41, 70, 76, 129, 293, 
300; George, 183, 272, 292, 294, 310, 
3i5 317, 33> 332, 344. 349, 35 1, 
353 5 Johane, 64 ; John, 14, 16, 70, 
128, 129, 300, 317; Katherine, 328, 
329; Margaret, 169, 170; Mary, 183; 
Nicholas, 83 ; Richard, 307, 308, 343. 

Browning, John, 93 ; William, 206. 

Brushford, 171, 319, 321. 

Bruton, 1, II, 14, 48, 59, 62, 63, 229, 
234, 276, 277, 313, 327, 357. 

Bruton Hundred, 165, 302, 351, 355. 

Bryant, Sara, 187. 

Buckland Dinham, 55, 68, 283. 

Buckland, Richard, 294. 

Buckland St. Mary, 72, 186, 345. 

Buckland, West, 5, II, 19, 20, 72. 

Bud, William, 64. 

Bugden, Elizabeth, 357. 

Bull, Alexander, 64 ; Thomas, 265 ; 
William, 251. 

Bull-baiting, 6, 7. 

Bulpaine, Henry, 237 ; John, 153. 

Bunn, Hester, 333 ; Susan, 319. 

Burbidge, John, 329. 

Burcott, 203. 

Burde, Alice, 115 ; Thomas, 80, 81, 102. 



363 



Burdge (Barge), " one,'' 4 ; , 63. 
Burges (Burgesse), Agnes, 106 ; Elizabeth, 

125 ; George, 253 ; Joane, 106 ; John, 

134, 146, 160, 286; Robert, 168 ; 

Roger, 286. 
Burland, David, 63. 
Burley, Eleanor, 5. 
Burnett, 117, 124, 131, 132, 283. 
Burnham, no, 220, 322, 352. 
Barrage, Mary, 184, 191 ; Symon, 183, 

184, 191, 199. 
Burridge, Walter, 270. 
Burrow (in Kingsbury), 250. 
Burrow bridge, 312, 315. 
Burt, Edward, 357 ; John, 34, 64. 
Bury common, 34. 
Bush, John, 176 ; Peter, 268, 274. 
Busher, Elizabeth, li, 96, 97 ; Robert, 

96 ; William, 282, 291, 292. 
Bushopp, " one," 4 ; John, 237. 
Bussell, Mary, 287. 
Butcher, Peter, 124. 
Butleigh, 266, 267. 
Butt, Robert, 306. 
Butters, Richard, 64. 
Button, William, 353. 
Byde, William, 308. 
Byfield, John, 157, 178. 
Byflete, Mary, 75. 
Bynneye, John, 185. 



C. 



Cable, Thomas, 84. 

Cadbury, North, 18, 67, 166, 286, 292, 

306, 335. 

Cade (Cadde), John, 24, 34, 44, 51, 118. 
Caesar, Julius, 256. 
Callwey, Peter, 39. 
Calvert, George, 256. 
Camel, Queen, 18, 26, 72. 
Camel, West, 71, 206, 230. 
Cameley, xlix, 176, 179, 186, 188, 198, 

199. 

Camerton, 105, 117, 122. 
Campe, Aleis, 219; Kalherine, 219. 
Canker, {Catherine, 211. 
Cannard, John, 302, 309, 313. 
Cannington, 139, 171, 194, 310. 



Cannington Hundred, 10, 20, 146, 147, 
184, 302, 351. 

Cannon, John, 354. 

Cape, Laurence, 73 ; William, 265. 

Capell (Caple) ; Gyles, 183 ; Thomas 
183 ; William, 134, 163, 179, 195, 197, 
209, 210, 220, 224, 244, 249, 254, 
260, 264, 265, 289, 300, 305, 306, 
308, 309, 314, 318, 319, 323, 325, 
326, 333, 335, 339, 34O, 341, 344, 
345, 347-350, 353, 355- 

Capes' lands, 64. 

Cardiff, 239, 251. 

Carew, G., 256. 

I Carhampton, 101, 171, 184, 232, 347. 
j Carhampton Hundred, I, 20, 45, 47, 66, 

147, 152, 171, 318, 351. 
| Carpenter, Humffrey, 64; Thomas, n. 

Carre, Nicholas, 65. 

Carse, John, 115. 

Carsley, Robert, 123. 

Carte, Griffin, 43 ; Marie, 43. 

Carter, Emma, 99 ; Jane, 225, 226 ; 
John, 225 ; Richard, 99, 308 ; Thomas, 
308. 

' Gary, D., 256. 
| Castle, 271. 

| Castle Gary, 18, 166, 167, 197, 231, 
322, 328, 340. 

Catash (Catteraishe) Hundred, 18, 283, 

351. 

Catcott, 110,303. 

Catford, John, 65. 

Cattern. See St. Catherine. 

Catworsh, 104. 

Causeway. See Road. 

Cavell, John, 191. 

Cayford, John, 289. 

Cecil, "Coronell," 181. 

Ceeke, John, 306 ; Richard, 118. 

Ceelie. See Seely. 

Certiorari, writ of, 354. 

Chalcroft, Margerie, 17, 18, 29 ; William, 

29. 

: Chalk, Broad, 223. 
,' Chamberline, John, 335. 

Chambers, Johane, 138; John, 138. 
| Champion, Margaret, 148. 
: Champneys, Mr., 34; Henry, 50. 
I Chaplin, Jasper, 293 ; Roger, 2, 85 ; 
Thomas, 169. 



3 6 4 



Chappell, John, 314. 

Chard, 42, 44, 50, 90, 105, 106, 108, 

174, 175, 231, 249, 337. 
Charitable Donations, xxxiii, 23. 27, 84, 

89, 217, 242, 248. 
Charlton, 32. 
Charlton Horethorne, 48, 156, 198, 208, 

219, 224,- 238, 239. 
Charlton Mackarell, 109, 142, 289. 
Charlton Musgrove, 38, 109, 285, 354. 
Charterhouse Hinton. See Hinton. 
Cheade, Mary, 235, 240. 
Chear, bow, 56. 

Cheddar, 93, 94, 162, 238, 252, 259. 
Chedsey, Elizabeth, 103. 
Chedzey, 65, no, 134, 135, 139, 313. 
Cheriton, 76 ; North, 93, 296, 303. 
Chesterblade, 248. 
Chew Hundred, 171, 351, 355. 
Chew Magna, 4, 6, II, 13, 14, 52, 80, 

179, 1 86, 198, 199, 222, 237, 284. 
Chewstoke, 284, 301. 
Chewton, 4, n, 14, 15, 161, 186, 223, 

226, 231, 256, 266, 271, 272, 303, 

342. 

Chewton Hundred, 193, 351, 355. 
Chibbett, John, 150. 
Chicke, Edward, 127 ; George, 61 ; 

Henry, 61, 199 ; John, 62 ; Thomas, 

293- 

Chidley, 151. 

Chilcompton, 41, 122, 134, 224. 
Chilcott, Agnes, 251, 255, 258, 275; 

Anne, 242 ; Robert, 65. 
Chillington, 123. 
Chilthorne, 53. 
Chilton Cantelo, 173, 174. 
Chilton Polden, no, 134, 349. 
Chinn, Thomas, 214. 
Chinnock, East, 23, 27, 28, 113, 187. 
Chinnock, West, xlvi, 114, 328. 
Chipstable, 171. 

Chiselborough, I, in, 114, 299. 
Church, John, 206. 
Churchales, xlvii, 5, 6, 7, 75, 344. 
Churchiss, John, 301. 
Churchouse, Richard, 113; Thomas, 

157, 178. 

Churchyard, Elizabeth, 267. 
Churley, John, 64, 127. 
Clapton, William, in. 



Clarke (Clark, Clerk), , 120; Agnes, 
335 ; Alice, I ; Henry, 267 ; James, 

4, 10, 34, 51, 209, 215, 218, 234, 235, 
240, 256, 260, 264, 272, 273, 279 ; 
Joane, 298 ; Johane, 254 ; John, 89 ; 
Mary, 259; Richard, 180, 190; 
Roger, 126 ; Stephen, 246 ; Thomas, 

5, 300; William, 114. 
Clatworthy, 265, 270, 273. 
Clatworthy, William, 311. 
Clavell, Mr., 55 ; John, 64. 
Clavelshay, Edward, 46. 
Claverton, in. 

Cleeve. See OldCleeve. 
Clegg, James, 251, 255, 258, 275, 279, 290. 
Clement, William, 36, 113. 
Clerk of the Peace, xxix. 
Clerke-ales, 7. 
Clevedon, 177, 178. 
Clewer (in Wedmore), 128. 
Cleye, William, 315, 326. 
Cleyhanger, 31. 
Cleyhidon, 243. 
Clifford, Sara, 225. 
Clive, one, 275. 
Cloford, 6, 45, 8 1, 87, 126. 
Closworth, 117, 172. 
Clothing trade, xlii, 316, 321, 323, 327. 
Clu, William, 242. 
Glutton, 200. 
Clyes Mead, 26. 
Coal-mines, 216, 227. 
Codd, Frances, 165. 
Cogan, William, 64. 
Cogswell, Clement, 308. 
Coker, Robert, 64 ; Thomas, 28. 
Coker, West, 71, 112, 136, 145. 
Colborne, Katherine, 64. 
Cold Henton. See Hinton Blewett. 
I Cole, John, 13, 64, 218 ; Mary, 290 ; 
Richard, 323, 332, 334, 337, 349, 351, 

353, 355- 
Coleford, 276. 
Coles, Abraham, 338 ; Agnes, 338 ; 

Humphrey, 338 ; William, 102, 103. 
Colestile, 26. 
Colles, John, 191, 211, 219, 234, 236, 

243, 245, 255, 262, 264, 265, 278, 292, 

295, 301, 314, 316, 317, 320, 323, 339. 
Colli(e)ns, Ellis, 172; John, 113, 219, 

239, 285 ; Mary, 239 ; Richard, 47. 



365 



Colman, Robert, 64. 

Colston, John, 124. 

Combe, Florey, 219. 

Combe, John, 62, 284 ; William, 36. 

Combe St. Nicholas, 59, 73, 231, 345. 

Combeare, John, 243. 

Comer, James, 73 ; John (Comers), 265, 

273 ; Richard, 64, 327. 
Commission of the Peace, and Quorum, 

xxiii. 
Composition Money, xli, 32, 146, 147, 

152, 165, 168, 184, 193, 262, 288, 

327. 
Compton Dando, in, 121, 131, 159, 

182, 210, 212, 282, 292. 
Compton Dunden, 285. 
Compton Durvyle, 60. 
Compton Episcopi, 79, 93. 
Compton Martin, 222, 234, 245, 302, 

309 3I3- 

Compton Pauncefoot, 296, 303. 
Comstock, Marmaduke, 4. 
Congresbury, 197, 230, 287, 291. 
Connocke, Joan, 275. 
Constable, William, 135. 
Contempt of Court, xxxi, 133, 218. 
Cooke, Edward, 78 ; George, 64. 
Cooke, John, 284 ; Robert, 274, 318. 
Coombes, Thomas, 193. 
Coombstocke, Daniel, 117, 137. 
Cooper, John, 37, 246 ; Thomas, 204. 
Coppenor, Elizabeth, 203. 
Copstone, Margaret, 90. 
Coram, Frances, 291. 
Corbett, Richard, 260. 
Cordinge, Johane, 104 ; Robert, 58. 
Corfe, 77, 115. 

Cornishe, , 4 ; Richard, 345. 
Correction, Houses of, xliii. See under 

Ilchester, Shepton Mallet, Taunton. 
Corston, 171. 
Gorton Denham, 18. 
Cossington, 1 10. 
Cothelstone, 192, 242, 249. 
Cotterell, Henry, 242. 
Cottington, Henry, 40. 
Cottle, Richard, 189. 
Couch, Walter, 28. 

Councell, Katherine, 331 ; Richard, 81. 
County clerk, 332. 
Couper. See Cooper. 



Court, Christian, 99 ; Henry, 65 ; John, 

316. 

Coward, John, 137. 
Cowper, George, 161. 
Cox(e), Jerome, 189 ; John, 38, 95, 126, 

I47> 155, 188, 189, 222; Richard, 

165 ; Thomas, 212, 282 ; Ursula, 180, 

181. 

Crafte, William, 114. 
Cranebridge, no, 113, 255, 256, 320. 
Grange, Emmot, 311. 
Cranmore, West, 94. 
Craste, Elizabeth, 250. 
Crastland gate, 217. 
Creech, 72. 
Creech, Henry, 113. 
Creech St. Michael, 56, 92, 309, 310. 
Greedy, James, xlix ; Joane, xlix. 
Creese, Robert, 31 ; William, 339. 
Crewe, Richard, 127. 
Crewkerne, 84, 132, 133, 212, 227, 270, 

271, 311. 

Crewkerne Hundred, 302, 351. 
Cribbe, George, 264, 322. 
Cricket St. Thomas, 15. 
Cridland, George, 51 ; Laurence, 298. 
Crocumbe, William, 25. 
Crooch, Mrs., 189. 
Crooke, Henry, 248. 
Crooker, John, 329. 
Croscombe, 157, 158, 195, 222. 
Crosse, Mr., 15 ; Amias, 295, 309, 312 ; 

Charles, 92; Joane, 150; John, 102, 

208; Mary, 222; Richard, 16, 21, 

222. 

Crouther, William, 58. 

Crowcombe, 152, 299. 

Crowse, William, 94. 

Cucklington, 165, 222, 263. 

Cuckone Cleeves, 15. 

Cud worth, 164. 

Cuffe, Robert, 22, 26, 49, 53, 54, 57, 
86, 90, 92, 95, 99, 105, 114, 116, 
127, 128, 136, 139, 142, 144, 149, 
I5> I53 154, 167, 177, 179, 189, 191, 
195, 197, 210, 214, 216, 217, 226, 235, 
240, 244, 256, 258, 260, 261, 265, 
267, 272, 277, 279, 282, 287, 292, 

295> 3 OI > 32, 3 IO > Si'jS^SJSi 3*9* 
320, 321, 330, 332, 334, 335, 338, 343, 
344,346,348,349,353,356. 



3 66 



Cullinge, Robert, 112. 

Cullompton, 64, 243. 

Culverlenghe, George, 334. 

Curland, 117, 336. 

Curie, Hugh, 296. 

Curry Mallett, 59, 180, 238. 

Curry, North, 15, 16, 21, 133, 243, 258, 

261, 273, 277, 326, 351, 356. 
Curry, North, Hundred, 20, 66, 183, 

269, 302. 
Curry Rivel, 4. 29, 81, 83, 217, 250, 252, 

326, 35 6 - 
Gustos Rotulorum, xviii, xix, xxix, 141, 

247. 

Cutcombe, 79, 233, 273, 311. 
Cutler, William, 88. 
Cycell. See Cecil. 



D. 



Dabinet, Henry, 300. 

Daccombe, John, 231. 

Dagg, John, 8. 

Dalton, Michael ; Country Justice, xxxi. 

Dampier, Thomas, 308. 

Dancy, John, 55. 

Dando, William, 353. 

Danyell, Robert, 172; Thomas, 172, 

309. 

Dare, William, 52. 

Darch, Joan, 352. 

Dauken, Margaret, 204, 205. 

Davidge, Elizabeth, 93 ; John, 85 ; 
Raignold, 116; Robert, 116. 

Davie (Davy), Ann, 151 ; Nathanael, 
1 68 ; Philip, 352. 

Davies (Davis, Davys), Agnes, 341, 342; 
Jenkyn, 288; John, 62, 167, 173,284, 
289, 296, 301, 310; Rebecca, 341 ; 
Richard, 258, 264, 272, 282, 284, 301, 
30 6 > 307> 308, 312, 315, 320, 321, 323, 
332, 337, 339, 349, 35', 3535 Roger, 
97; Thomas, 327, 330; William, 261, 
272. 

Davis ah. Welchman, Thomas, 134. 

Dawe, Henry, 108, Joan, 299 ; Thomas, 
302, 317, 318. 

Dawes, Jacob, 61 ; William, 67. 

Day (Daie), , 282, 286 ; Christopher, 
280; Isabel, 108, no, 115, 118, 119, 



121 ; John, 94 ; Margaret, 249 ; 

Powell, 124, 280, 283, 287 ; Thomas, 

246. 

Deanes, Edmond, 47. 
Deare, Edward, 344 ; Joane, 344 ; 

Deemes, Paul, 88. 
Delton, Thomas, 222. 
Democke, Henry, 25. 
Denmark, 105. 
Denner, Christian, 253. 
Denscombe, John, 63. 
Devonshire, xli, 3, 91, 150, 151, 243, 

265, 310. 

i Deyer, Edward, 17. 
Dibbens(ce), Nicholas, 115; Richard, 

174. 

Dickes, William, 78. 
Digbye, D., 256. 
Diggenson, Daniel, 195. 
Dinder, 157, 158. 
Dinnington, 59, 224. 
Dirricke, Edmund, 141, 172, 188. 
Discove, n. 

Ditcheat, 115, 246, 267, 286. 
Doben, John, 102. 
Doddrell, Clement, 294. 
Dodington, 191, 286. 
Dolling (Dolinge), John, 63. 
Don'nton, Hugh, 64. 
Donyat, 88. 

Doodridge, Gertrude, 33. 
Dorset, 174, 248, 265. 
Doughtie, John, 76. 
Doulting, 147, 216, 228, 230, 267, 288, 

329- 

Dower, Robert, 23. 
Dowlish, 187, 237, 246. 
Downe bridge, 163. 
Downe, Thomas, 224, 228, 238, 239. 
Downhead, 199, 216, 241. 
Downton, Richard, 64. 
Drake, Lawrence, 46 ; Thomas, 249. 
Draper, Henry, 21, 23. 
Draycott (in Cheddar), 162. 
Draycott (in Limington), 205, 227, 251. 
Drayton, 191, 356. 
Dredge, Susan, 267. 
Drewe, Thomas, 243. 
Drewse, William, 307. 
Drink Traffic, xliv. See Alehouse 

Brewing, Inn. 



367 



Dryer, William, 173. 

Dudderidge, George, 253. 

Dulverton, 65, 194, 207, 233, 253, 254. 

Dun, John, 263 ; Richard, 263. 

Duncke ah. Hellier, William, 257. 

Dundry, 188, 356. 

Dunkerton, 105. 

Dunster, I, 12, 66, 70, 101, 107, 1.52, 

184, 233, 271, 299. 
Dun wear, 153, 340. 
Dupper, Mr., 153. 
Durborrowe, John, 29. 
Durleigh, 73. 
Durston, 235, 240, 311. 
Dycke, Stephen, 350. 
Dyer, Francis, 109 ; John, 264. 
Dyer ah. Lawrence, Hugh, 104, 112. 
Dynham, George, 295. 



E. 



Eaglesfield, Anthony, 161. 

Eale, Joan, 233. 

Eason, Eliza, 116; William, 116. 

Eastfield (in Chiselborough), 114. 

Easton in Gordane (St. George's), 69, 

124, 125, 283, 287, 288. 
Eavell, William, 224. 
Echyngham, Robert de, xxvii, n. 
Edbrooke, Mary, 101. 
Edgell, Humfrey, 342 ; Jane, 227 ; 

John, 223, 227, 341, 342. 
Edington, no, 135, 139, I53> 1 57, l8l > 

182, 190. 

Edmonds, Margaret, 259, 263 ; T., 256. 
Edmonds ah. Palmer, Mary, 304. 
Ednye, William, 52. 
Edwards, George, 36 ; James, 248. 
Eernes, Mary, 33. 
Egford bridge, 68. 
Elford, Johane, 132. 

Eriesmere, Thomas (Egerton), Lord, 138. 
Elliot, Jeffrey, I ; John, 332. 
Ellis ah. Litchett, John, 304. 
Ellis, Richard, 46. 
Elm, 206, 284, 289, 296, 301. 
Elme, Alice, 223, 231. 
Else worth, John, 33. 
Elsworthy, 58. 
Elworthy, Richard, 72. 



Emborough, 31, 244, 254, 260. 

Englishcombe (Ingles-), 124, 327. 

Engram, William, 235, 240. 

Enmore, 21, 23, 24, 216. 

Escott ah. Adhames, John, 130. 

Essex, 3. 

Estridge (East reach in Taunton), 117, 

293- 

Estwall, 76. (East Wells.) 
Etwalls, 76. 
Evans, one, 52 ; John, ill ; Mary, 326 ; 

Richard, 285, 300. 
Evercreech, I, 7, 10, n, 42, 88, 89, 

109, ill, 234, 248, 266, 268, 277, 

295- 

Evered (Everett), John, 220 ; Thomas, 
313, 3i8. 

Every, Philip, in. 

Evill, Julian, 8 1. 

Ewens, Alexander, 8, 18, 38, 48, 49, 
5> 52, 54, 59, 66, 67, 71, 72, 74, 109, 
111-114, 133, 138, 148, 155, 156, 175, 
187, 197 ; Mary, 271 ; Matthew, 245, 
250, 251, 252, 258, 264, 266-270, 272, 
275, 286, 287, 288, 292, 296, 306, 312, 
313, 322, 343. 

Exbridge, 225. 

Exden, Agnes, 356. 

Exford, 311. 

Exon, Simon, 345. 

Exton, 277, 315. 

Exton, William, 69. 

Eyres, Richard, 266. 



F. 



Fallowes, Edward, 77. 

Farewell, George, xxv, 4, 10, 19, 28, 
114; James, 250, 260, 263, 264, 266, 
269, 270, 276, 281, 282, 285, 286, 
301, 312, 313, 323, 326, 328, 342, 
343, 353, 357 5 John, 3, 7, 8, 10, 14, 
18, 36, 48, 50, 52, 54, 66, 71, 72, 74, 
79,96, 104, 113, 114, 133, 137, 148, 
155, 156, 157, 165. 

Farmborough, 268. 

Farneham (Farmun), Joane, 264, 322. 

Farre, James, 118. 

Farrow, George, 42. 
; Farthinge, Hugh, 24. 



3 68 



tern*. 



Fathers, Edward, 8. 

Fausett, Henry, 44. 

Fawkner, John, 142, 143. 

Fawsit, "one," 195. 

Feare, John, 179, 186, 193, 198, 199 ; 

Richard, 4, II, 13, 14, 22; Walter, 

179. 
Felton (tything in Winford), 87, 94, 106, 

iii,354- 

Ferrybee, Thomas, 75. 
Fewell, Magdalen, 131, 132. 
Fielde, William, 259, 261. 
Filton (Whitchurch), 308. 
Fisher, Mr., 83, Dominick, 153 ; Thomas, 

95, 96. 

Fitzhead, 34, 44, 69. 

Fivehead, 285. 

Fivian, Henry, 183. 

Flatcher, William, 308. 

Fleet bridge, 119, 241, 317. 

Flemyng, Thomas, 63. 

Floods, 1 80, 237. 

Flower, John, 97. 

Floyde, Robert, 347. 

Fludd, John, 229. 

Fooke, William, 10. 

Forde (Foorde), Robert, 257, 262; 
Thomas, 61 ; William, 64, 271. 

Forscott (Foscott), 327. 

Fort (Forth), widow, 159-; Agnes, 219; 
Mary, 335. 

Foscum, 1 66. 

Foster, Christopher, 127 ; Henry, 31 ; 
Isatt, 145. 

Fowder, John, 64. 

Fowler, John, 97, 98 ; Thomas, 356. 

France, 79, 308. 

Francis, John, 19, 21, 34, 50-53, 65, 71, 
80,90, 114, 120, 142, 143, 169, 170, 
179, 185, 201, 209, 215, 234 ; Richard, 
68 ; Thomas, 64 ; William, 335, 336, 

346, 357- 

Francklyne, John, 139; Thomas, 138. 
Francombe, Thomas, 351. 
Freinde, Katherine, 134, 163. 
French, George, 57 ; Nathaniel, 123 ; 

William, xlvi. 
Freshford, 340, 345. 
Frome, 40, 77, 99, 206, 323. 
Frome Hundred, 44, 77, 171, 324, 344, 

351, 355- 



Frost, Mary, 179. 

Fry(e), Edward, 45; John, 73, 112; 

Richard, 233 ; Thomas, 307 ; William, 

62, 64, 206, 305. 
Fryday, Clement, 112. 
Fryn, Katherine. See Freinde. 
Fudge, John, 319. 
Fuller, Richard, 98. 
Furbor, David, 10, n. 
Furnis, John, 349. 
Fursey, Frances, 86 ; Valentine, 86. 
Fysher, Margaret, 148 ; Sidwell, 148. 



G. 



Gabriell, John, 106. 

Galhampton, 263, 285, 286. 

Galhampton, John, 61. 

Gallwey, Edward, 124, 158. 

Gamblinge, John, 50. 

Ganfield, George, 54. 

Gapper, William, 81. 

Gardner, Johane, 64 ; Tristam, 144. 

Gasper, 276. 

Gay(e), Henry, 209 : Richard, 171. 

Gaylard, Barbara, 270; John, 270. 

Gaynard, Mary, 177, 178. 

Geffrey, Thomas, 44. 

Gellicombe, Richard, 157, 158. 

Gerard, Mr., 175 ; John, 6. 

Gibbens, Thomas, 84, 85. 

Gibbs, Mr., 37, 41; Mary, 157, 178; 

William, 183. 
Gifford(e), Henry, 64 ; Richard, 221 ; 

Thomas, 64. 
Gilbert, Anne, 187 ; Cadwallader, 67 ; 

Elizabeth, 230; Maurice, 6, 8, 10, 26, 

27, 48. 

Giles, William, 286, 288, 292. 
Gill, widow, 64 ; John, 116 ; Mary, 180 ; 

Richard, 276, 307. 
Gillet, Francis, 252. 
Gillinge, Anthony, 232; Frances, 178; 

George, 178 ; John, 234 ; Thomas, 

62. 
Glaston(bury), 9, 10, 12, 13, 20, 49, 61, 

91, 172, 189, 211, 294, 303. 
Glastonbury, Abbot of, 334. 
Glaston Twelve Hides, 302, 351, 355. 
Gloucester, 221. 



369 



Gloucestershire, 125, 292. 

Glover, Henry, 63. 

Godd, Robert, 85. 

Godfrey, William, 165, 220. 

Godsall, Hugh, 343. 

Godwin, Edith, 108 ; Paul, 339, 343, 

344, 353 J Robert, 222. 
Goldinge, Anne, 160. 
Golet, Jasper, 64. 
Goodall, Richard, 31. 
Goodhinde, John, 84 ; Thomas, 95, 
Goodinge, John, 95 ; Robert, 65. 
Goodland, William, 37. 
Goodman, Elizabeth, 9 ; Robert, 265, 

273. 
Gorges, Edward, n, 18, 75, 87, 91, 95, 

106, 107, 145, 150, 281, 288 ; Robert, 

292, 337- 

Gorton, Christopher, 299. 
Goslett, John, 182. 
Gotfrie, Augustine, 48. 
Gould (Goold), Alice, 220 ; Hugh, 62, 

305 ; Isaac, 62 ; Robert, 62 ; Thomas, 

57, 5 8 , 59, 62, 307, 349. 
Gove, John, 303 ; Richard, 297. 
Cover, John, 31, 90. 
Govie, Jeffery, 113. 
Govyer, John, 127. 
Grave, Gregory, 195. 
Gravesend, 334. 
Gray, Lord, no, in ; one, 62; Henry, 

205 ; Nicholas, 305 ; Robert, 300. 
Greedy, James, 86 ; Joane, 86 [Greedy]. 
Green Ore (Oare), 3, 14, 257, 260, 272, 

274. 
Greene, Mr., of Milton Clevedon, xxxviii, 

xxxix. 

Gregge, Hester, 289 ; Johane, 289, 300. 
Gregoristoke. See Stoke St. Gregory. 
Gregory, Arthur, 78 ; John, xlvii, 78, 

187 ; Richard, 245 ; Thomas, 187 ; 

William, 37. 
Greimsteed, John, 112. 
Greinton, 145, 312. 
Greville, Fulke) 138. 
Griffin, Benjamin, 62 ; John, 246 ; 

Matthew, 122 ; Richard, 87, 94 ; 

William, 13. 
Grinham, George, 41. 
Grobham, Richard, 174. 
Guddridge, Mary, 277. 



Gullocke, Henry, 164. 

Gunham, Alexander, 162. 

Gunnell, Robert, 193 ; William, 193. 

Gunston, Giles, 24. 

Guppy, John, 9 ; Pasche, 9. 

Gurnett, Joan, 70. 

Gymlett, Agnes, 214. 



II. 



Hacker, John, 235 ; Richard, 83 ; 
William, 145, 146. 

Hackett, Robert, 42. 

Hackinges, Joan, 38. 

Haddon, Christopher, 336. 

Maine. See Hayne. 

Hall, John, xlix ; Mary, xlix. 

Hallett, Paul, 346. 

Halse, 86. 

Halswell, Hugh, 49, 282 ; Nicholas, 22, 
26, 32, 53, 54, 57, 74, 77, 79, 82, 90, 
92, 95, 101-104, 114-118, 120, 124, 
127, 128, 134, 135, 139, 142, 143, 144, 
147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 172, 174, 177, 
179, 181, 189, 191, 194-197, 204, 208, 

209, 210, 214, 215, 217, 219, 220, 226, 
235, 240, 242, 244, 250, 264, 272, 274, 
287, 296, 306, 307, 320, 321, 353,356. 

Ham, High, 356. 

Ham, Nether, 53, 90. 

Hambridge, 250. 

Hamilton, A.H.A; Quarter Sessions, 

Elizabeth to Anne, xxvii, xli. 
Hammerkes, 180. 
Ham(m)on, Nicholas, 151 ; Thomas 

273- 
Hampton and Claverton Liberty, in, 

302, 351, 355- 
Hamwood, Roger, 211. 
Hancock, Agnes, 338 ; Robert, 338. 
Haninge, Edith, 47. 
Hannam, Isabell, 226. 
Hants, 2, 91, 265. 
Harbyn, John, 283, 307, 343, 346. 
Harcom.be, Elizabeth, 115. 
Hardberie, 222. 
Hardwick, John, 31, 93, 113 ; Thomas 

"3- 

Hardyn, Jean, 204. 
Ilarford, Matthew, 72. 



37 



Harley, John, 210. 

Harptree, East, 302, 313. 

Harris, Fortune, 14, 16 ; John, 17; 

Thomas, 301 ; William, 15. 
Harrison, Henry, 347 ; William, 45. 
ILirsell, John, 82, 103. 
Hartcliffe and Bedminster Hundred, 351, 

355- 
Harte, Alexander, 30, 31 ; Julyan, 148; 

Thomas, 132. 

Hartgill, Mr., 198 ; John, 36. 
Hartrey, Agnes ; 313. 
Harvard, John, 127. 
Harvye, Amies, 349 ; Joan, 270 ; 

Nicholas, 289 ; Thomas, 325. 
Haryngton, John, 32, 33, 49, 55. 
Haselbury Plucknctt, 17, 21, 23, 346. 
Hasell, John, 272. 
Hatch, Thomas, 338. 
Hatch, West, 22, 26, 99, 351, 356. 
Hatkins, John, 209. 
Haule, George, 356. 
Haverfild, Andrew, 266. 
Haviland, Matthew, 16. 
Haway, John, 155, 156. 
Hawker, James, 73 ; John, 238, 241. 
Hawkins, John, 271. 
Ilawley, Henry, 61, 77, 96, 292, 297, 

301, 306, 310, 311, 314, 320, 321, 

323-326, 330, 332, 334, 338, 342. 
Hayball, James, 3, 4, 254, 257, 274; 

Margaret, 254. 
Hayes, Christian, I ; John, 219 ; Richard, 

343- 

Haygrove, 226. 

Hayle, Thomas, 268 ; William, 268. 

Hayne(s) (Maine), Dorothy, 15; Eliza- 
beth, 174 ; George, 47 ; John, 242, 243. 

Haysame, John, 345. 

Hayward, , 147 ; Alice, 229 ; William, 

221. 

Head wall, 26. 

Heale bridge, 216, 220, 244, 250, 272, 
295, 302. 

Heale, Francis, 116-118, 120, 127-130, 
133-140, 144, 149, 177. 179. 181, 189, 
191, 194-197. 201, 204, 208, 215, 217, 

220, 232, 234, 235, 240, 242, 244, 253, 

261, 272, 274, 283, 301, 312, 313, 315, 

318, 320, 321, 323-325 ; William, 
122, 341. 



; Hearinge, William, 16. 

i Hebdyche (Ilibdich), Margaret, 175, 

1 86, 187 ; Richard, 64. 
i Hedges, John, 196, 205, 290. 
| Hellier (Hellyer, Hillier), Alice, 213,; 
Dyna, 87; George, 213; John, 134; 
Nicholas, 42, Thomas, 223 ; William, 
10, 42. 

Ilellon, Mary, 28. 
Helpes (Hillpes, Ililpe). John, 257, 260, 

335. 336. 

Hendborowe, Arthur, 44. 

Hendley, Andrew, 293 ; Henry, 306. 

Henstridge, 10, 167, 201, 231. 

Henstridge, Robert, 36. 

Henton, 96. 

Ilerne, John, 10. 

Hertford, Earl of, 112, 123. 

Heskins, George, 78. 

Hestercombe, 38. 

Hewish. See Huish. 

Hext, Edward, 4, 6, 32, 37, 38, 42, 47, 
49. 52-55. 60, 65, 66, 70, 74, 77, 79, 
80, 82, 87,90, 95, 97, 99, 101-104, 
108, 109, 113, 114, 116, 118, 120, 127, 

133. 137, i3 8 . M2-I44, 147-149. 157. 
163, 168, 172, 176, 179, 181, 189-191, 

200, 204, 206, 208-210, 212, 213, 215, 

218, 226, 227, 232, 234-237, 239, 240, 

243, 245, 250-252, 256, 259, 260, 263, 
272, 274, 275, 279, 285, 287, 289, 292, 
294, 297, 301, 312, 3I3.3I5.3I6, 3l8, 

320-321, 324, 325, 329, 330, 335, 338 ; 
William, 157, 178. 
I Ileyte&bury, 57, 151, 160. 
! Hickes. See Hix. 
Hide, Arthur, 258. 
Higdon, Richard, 88; Thomas, 148; 

William, 88. 
| Hilborne, Grace, 270. 
j Hill, , 63, 104; Agnes, 152; Frances, 
62, 336 ; George, 253 ; Gertrude, 191 ; 
Hugh, 52 ; John, 42, 240 ; Robert, 44, 
144 ; Roger, 187 ; Thomas, 49, 198, 
278 ; William, 5. 
Hillard, Raynold, 255. 
Hillfarrance, 241, 315. 
Hillier. See Hellier. 
Hillinge, Edward, 109 ; Gyles, 354. 
Hilne, 337. 
Hilpe. See Helpe. 



Hinde, Richard, 311. 

Hinton and Norton Liberty, 355. 

Hinton Blewett, 135, 259, 261, 262, 342. 

Hinton Charterhouse, 68 ; Prior of, 345. 

Hinton St. George, I, 207, 254, 297. 

Hinton St. Mary, 248. 

Hippisley, Henry, 173 ; Thomas, 173, 
271. 

Hitch, John, 134. 

Hitt, William, 57. 

Hix(e), Edmund, 123 ; Johane, 23, 30 ; 
Richard, 328 ; Robert, 185 ; Symon, 
231. 

Hobbes, Nicholas, 97 ; Thomas, 63, 84, 
William, 289. 

Hobman, John, 97, 257. 

Hoddinott, Richard, 324. 

Hodge(s), Christabell, 287, 296 ; Eliza- 
beth, 12; Silfeter, 92; Thomas, 62. 

Hoiskins, Thomas, 112. 

Holbrooke, 36. 

Holcombe, 175, 342. 

Holcombe, widow, 302. 

Holcombe Rogus, 290. 

Hole, William, 308. 

Holford, 82, 103. 

Holland, Agnes, 22, 25 ; Alice, 304. 

Holle, Ralph, 286. 

Hollway, Henry, 333 ; Johane, 258 ; 
Richard, 81, 100, 160. 

Holmes, Walter, 93. 

Holway Lane, 103. 

Homes, , 63. 

Hooper, James, 177; Roger, 278. 

Hoose. See Howse. 

Hop, Robert, 23. 

Hopkins, Alice, 10, 14 ; Francis, 205 ; 
Joan, 263 ; John, 56 ; Nicholas, 1 68 ; 
Thomas, 56, 156, 168. 

Hopper, Edward, 18. 

Hopton, Robert, 49, 81, 90, 104, 105, 
109, in, 114, 117, 120, 122-124, 126, 
132-135, 138, 144, 146, 157, 158, 160, 
161, 164, 165, 167, 172-174, 179, 185- 
l8 7 193, 196-198, 201, 204-206, 208, 

212, 244, 248, 254, 260, 264, 266, 267, 
271, 272, 277, 28l, 282, 284, 285, 289, 

295, 307, 312, 323, 324, 339, 340, 344- 
346, 35i, 353, 355, 356. 
Horethorne Hundred, 13, 127, 302, 351, 
355- 



Ilornblotton, no, 308, 312. 

Homer, John, 117, 157, 162, 173, 187, 

195, 196, 2OI, 2O4, 2O6, 2O8, 22O, 244, 
245, 254, 260, 264, 282, 286, 289, 296, 
301, 306-308, 323, 326, 340, 343-348, 

353, 355, 356 ; Thomas, 5, 6, 44, 45, 
49, 68. 

Horsey, William, 17. 

Horsington, 165, 231. 

Horte, John, 226 ; William, 87, 94, 
289. 

Ilorton, Mr., 122 ; John, 97 ; Tobias, 
97 ; William, 97. 

Hospitals. See Almshouses. 

Hospitals, Treasurer of, xxxiv, 13, 22, 
32, 35 49, 74, 77, 92, 93, 9$. 100, 
103, 107, 108, 115, 127, 153, 158, 161, 
174, 191, 195, 205, 215, 217, 223, 229, 
235, 237, 244, 248, 258, 261, 
273-276, 293, 294, 301, 303, 306,307, 
317, 318, 324, 328, 334, 343, 347, 349, 

352. 

Moulder, Agnes, 280. 
Houndsborough Hundred, 288, 302, 

35 1 - 

Howe, Alexander, 276, Edward, 342 ; 
Henry, 64 ; John, 64, 310. 

llowell, Johane, 54. 

i Howlett, Bridget, 336 ; Elizabeth, 336 ; 
Richard, 336 ; Sara, 336. 

Howse, Adrien, 275 ; Dorothy, 259 ; 
Nicholas, 275 ; Robert, 30 ; Thomas, 
252, 259, 261 ; William, 354. 

Hoyell, John, 58. 

Hucker, John, 61 ; Richard, 218. 

Huckleburge, Mary, 314. 

Huckmore, William, 218. 

Hughes, Thomas, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 20, 
31, 36, 46, 47, 49, 91, 104, 112, 120, 
123, 125, 147, 157, 162, 179, 220,264, 
276, 279, 295, 301, 303, 308, 314, 335, 

339, 353- 
Huish, 338. 
Huish Champflower, 81, 104, 149, 215, 

317. 
Huish Episcopi, 53, 54, 65, 83, 87, 314, 

356. 

lluish, Robert, 85. 
Hull, 62. 

Hull, Samuel, 145 ; William, 295. 
Hullicke, Robert, 199. 



372 



Humfries, George, 259, 263 ; Philip, 

199, 241. 

Hundred rate, xli. 
Hunt, Henry, 84 ; Richard, 231. 
Huntspill, 13, 236. 
Huntspill Hundred, 20, 184, 351. 
Hurcott (Seavington St. Mary), 81. 
Hurcott (Somerton), 338. 
Hurde, Alice, 180, 190; Andrew, 112; 

James, 94; William, 113, 180. 
Hurford, John, 88. 
Hurman, Elizabeth, 20. 
Hurwood, John, 352. 
Hussie, Adam, 134, 

Hutchins, Dorothy, 304 ; William, 297. 
Hutton, 87, 154, 155, 166, 188,246,291,- 

339- 
Hutton, Mr. Justice, 330, 343 ; Luce, 

218 ; Richard, 281. 
Hyckes. See Hix. 



I. 



Ilchester (Ivelchester), xxv, 2, 6, 8, 36, 
38, 55. 58, 59, 62, 72, 285, 289, 304, 

35 1 - 

Ilchester Bridewell, 109, no. 
Ilchester Gaol, 101, 109, 128, 224, 250, 

253, 300, 307, 308, 347, 349, 35, 

35 1 - 
Ilchester, House of Correction, 100, 128, 

195, 213, 224, 307, 308, 349, 351. 
Illary, Andrew, 196, 197 ; Joane, 28. 
lllin, Giles, 285. 
Ilminster, 12, 18, 107, 108, 132, 174, 

187, 189, 210. 
Ilton, 6, 
Ilverton, 151. 
Ingbie, Richard, 43. 
Ingham, Thomas, 121, 131, 159, 182; 

William, 182, 208, 210, 212. 
Inglescombe. See Englishcombe. 
Ingram, Grace, 189, 194 ; John, 50 ; 

Simon, 152. 
Inn(-keeper), 63, 76, 120, 124, 144, 157, 

295, 354- 

Ireland, 35, 48, 79, 221, 273, 308. 
Irish "poor," 318. 
Irishe, John, 73, 230. 
Isle Abbotts, 191, 347. 



Isle Brewers, 288, 302, 314, 345. 
Ivelton. See Yeovilton. 



J- 



Jacobb, John, 76, 283. 

James, Edward, 35 ; Francis, 3, 7, 9, 10, 
13, 14, 17, 18, 20, 31, 36, 43, 49, 50, 
92, 104, 106, 113, 115, 123, 125, 128, 
130, 133, 141, 150, 156-158, 162, 188 ; 
Henry, 56 ; John, 74 ; Richard, 215. 

Jane, Edward, 309, 310. 

Jarves, Thomas, 6. 

Jeane(s), John, 189, 204. 

Jeffrey, Agnes, 243 ; Arthur, 87, 100 ; 
Richard, 97 ; Thomas, 4 ; William, 

97; 

Jeffries, Augustine, 33. 

Jeines, William, 112. 

Jellett, Bryan, 14. 

Jenkins, John, 21, 23 ; William, 64, 
278. 

Jennings, Johane, 162, 202 ; John, 50 ; 
Marmaduke, xxvii, 217, 250, 252, 256, 
258, 260, 264, 272, 275, 279, 281, 282, 
285, 287, 289, 290, 292, 294, 297, 300- 
302, 313, 316, 317, 324, 330, 333, 335, 

337, 343, 346, 348-350, 352, 353; 

Richard, 229; Robert, 10, 1 6, 83, 

281 ; William, 194. 
Jerman, John, 206. 
Jerrard, Robert, 55. 
johand, Elinor Lame, 117. 
Jones, Edward, 180, 215 ; Jasper, 5 ; 

Margaret, 91, 93 ; Melchide, 56 ; 

Robert, 171. 
Jorman, Isott, 315. 
Jourdan, Thomas, 290. 
Joyce, Matthew, 10, n. 
Justices of the Peace, xvii, xviii. 



K. 

Kay ford, John, 40. 
Keape, William, 61. 
Keeche, John, 73. 
Keeme House, 26. 
Keen, John, 196, 209. 
Keeping, Robert, 206. 



373 



Keinton Mandeville, 54, 328, 342. 

Kellie, Martin, 65. 

Kellway (Keylway), Richard, 346 ; 

Thomas, 15 ; William, 8, 310. 
Kelson, George, 355. 
Kelston, 280, 283. 
Kendoll, John, 322. 
Kenn, 160. 

Kenn, Christopher, 2, 160; Florence, 160. 
Kentsford, 106, 310. 
Kerle, Hugh, 192, 197. 
Kerley, Thomas, 8. 
Kete, Henry, 64. 
Kewer, Roger, 326. 
Kewstake, 332. 
Keynsham, 12, 32, 33, 48, 50, 68, 69, 95, 

163, 221, 246, 260, 262, 308. 

Keynsham Hundred, 12, 32, 168, 171, 

221, 35i 355- 

Kilmersdon Hundred, 171, 342, 351, 355. 
Kilmington, 36, 52, 198, 269, 284. 
Kilton, 102, 103. 
King, John, 38, 99; Ralph, 38; 

Richard, 87, 94 ; Robert, 341 ; 

Thomas, 145. 

Kinglake, John, 77 ; Margaret, 310. 
Kingsbury, 88, 89, 115, 145. 
Kingsbury Episcopi, 6, 10, 14, 19, 250. 
Kingsbury, East, Hundred, 296, 351. 
Kingsbury, one, 303 ; Richard, 85 ; 

William, 28. 
Kingsbury, West, Hundred, 20, 152, 276, 

35 1 - 

Kingsdon, 33, 60, 163, 206, 207. 
Kingsland, John, 229. 
Kingston, 26, 346. 
Kingston Deverill, 229. 
Kingston Seymour, 180, 201, 339. 
Kingstone, 81, 240. 
Kingweston, 218, 328, 342. 
Kinton, Thomas, 132. 
Kirle, George, 29. 
Kirrie, John, 164, 173. 
Kirton, Francis, 256, 266 ; James, 227, 

230, 244, 263, 296. 
Kittisford, 170. 
Knapp, 261. 
Knight, Ann, 232 ; Elizabeth, 243 ; 

George, 296; John, 315; Margaret, 

232; Mark, 134; Richard, 134; 

Thomas, 231. 



Lachmore, John, 122. 
Lacy, Eliseus, 171 ; Joane, 194. 
Lake, Arthur, Bp. B. and W., 220, 244, 
264, 272, 301, 323, 339, 353; John, 
44 ; Thomas, 138. 
Lambard, William, Irenarcha, xviii, 

xix. 

Lambert, Christian, 177. 
Lambert ah. Wilkins, Thomas, 239. 
Lambrooke, 19. 
Lamyat, 123. 

Lancaster, Edward, 260, 262, 264, 265, 
269, 271, 272, 275, 277-279, 282, 287, 
291-293, 295, 299, 301, 302, 306, 307, 
312, 314, 315,320, 321, 323, 326, 327, 
330> 335 336, 339, 343, 344, 346, 348, 
349, 35i, 353- 
Lane, Richard, 277 ; Robert, 31 ; 

Sicely, 322 ; William, 125, 162. 
Langdon, Mary, 177 5 Thomas, 290. 
Langford Budville, 120, 146, 170, 257, 

291. 

Lang(i)er, Humfry, 225, 245, 276. 
Langport, xxvii, 25, 29, 45, 83, 102, 
. 108, 128, 242, 252, 312, 315, 317, 326, 
336,351,356. 
Langridge, lot, 171. 
Langridge (in Brushford), 319. 
Langton, James, 4. 
Languishe, Robert, 84. 
Larder, Robert, 124. 
Latcham, Christopher, 115, 116, 118, 

119, 121, 246. 
Latman, Edward, 54. 
Laty, Anne, 279. 
Launsdon, John, 117. 
Laurance, Henry, 305, 307, 314; 

Thomas, 10 ; Tristram, 267. 
Lavor, Edward, 232 ; Thomas, 89. 
Leache, Crispian, 303. 
Leachland, Johane, 34, 118; William, 

52. 

Leaker, Atewell, 92 ; Elizabeth, 92. 
Legge, Margaret, 257. 
Leigh on Mendip, 135, 276. 
Lennox, Duke of, 138. 
Lester, Thomas, 343. 
Letheatt, William, 18, 29. 
Leveredge, John, 94. 



374 



Leversedge, Edmund, 40, 41. 

Lewis, Barnabas, xxvi, 116, 120, 125, 

133. 137, J 38, 141, M2, 157, 165, 172, 

182, 1 88 ; Edith, 224; Edward, 198; 

Elizabeth, 112; Joan, 147, 155; 

Margaret, 83, 103 ; Richard, 188. 
Lewokings, Richard, 84. 
Ley, Henry, 245 ; James, 120, 157, 196, 

247 ; John, 290. 
Licester, Agnes, 278. 
Lide. See Lyde. 
Lights. See Lyte. 
Lillesdon, 133, 182, 275. 
Lilly white, William, 150. 
Limington, 10, 14, 205, 255, 275, 289. 
Limit (of Justices), xxvi, 20, 29, 100, 

200, 237, 241, 244, 262, 281, 282, 289, 

295> 316-318, 340, 347, 352. 
Linge, Anthony, 62. 
Linterne, William, 91. 
Lissent, John, 210. 
Littleton, 269. 
Litton, 173. 
Lock, Christopher, 233 ; John, 94, 268 ; 

Susan, 268. 
Locking, 103, 265. 
Lockyer, Giles, 88 ; John, 32, 56 ; 

Thomas, 290. 
Lombard, John, 73 ; Thomas, 183 ; 

Tomsine, 238, 241. 
London, 139, 308, 344. 
Long Acre bridge, 317. 
Longe, Agnes, 339 ; Jane, 60 ; Richard, 

147 ; William, 251. 
Longe, William, 182. 
Loove, Robert, 62. 
Lopen, 299. 
Lord Lieutenant, xxviii, xxix, 143, 190, 

218. 

Loscombe, Joan, 285. 
Lott, Thomas, 77. 

Lottisham Green, 204, 246, 327, 340. 
Lottisham, William, 327. 
Lovedon, Charity, 267, 
Lovington, 161, 277, 285. 
Low Countries, 181, 256. 
Lowde, Reginald, 104. 
Loxton, 63, 331. 
Lucas, John, 191. 
Luccock, Elynor, 10. 
Luccombe, 15, 19, 30. 



Ludlow, Edmond, 154 ; Gabriell, 46. 

Ludney. 240. 

Luffe, John, 108, 174. 

Lullington, 307. 

Lumbard. See Lombard. r 

Lunacy, xxxii, 88, 99, 100, 223, 227, 
228, 255, 257, 331. 

Lusher, John, 147. 

Luttrell, George, 5, 12, 15, 19, 30, 33, 
45, 86, 104, 149, 152, 168, 169, 189, 
203, 232, 233, 240, 260, 263, 271, 
298,299, 301, 310, 311, 337. 

Lyas, Isatt, 136. 

Lyddon, William, 321. 

Lyde, Cicelly, 214; John, 174; Mary, 
139 ; Richard, 267 ; William, 48. 

Lydeard, 201. 

Lydeard St. Lawrence, 185, 338. 

Lyder, John, 15, 21. 

Lydford, West, 1 8, 224, 307, 357. 

Lye, Jane, 67 ; William, 67. 

Lyminge, John, 3. 

Lympsham, 68, 71, 213, 309, 324, 354. 

Lyng, 57, 199, 277, 317, 336. 

Lyninge, Lewis, 120. 

Lynton, Christian, 201. 

Lyster, Anthony, 204. 

Lytes, Gary, 109. 



M. 



Mabstone, Nicholas, 91. 

Macy, Annis, 32 ; John, 343, 344, 348 ; 
Thomas, 185 ; William, 194. 

Maggs, John, 200, 201. 

Malct (Malett, Mallet, Mallett), Arthur, 
352 ; Bawden, 81, 217, 242 ; Gawen, 
272, 274,291, 299, 349, 357; John, 
13, 54, 77, 82, 102-104, 116, 120, 124, 
142, 217, 242. 

Malster, 320, 340, 347. 

Maltravers, John, 313; Melia, 313; 
Peter, xxxiii, 313. 

Mandrell, Francis, 188, 193. 

Mann, James, 123. 

Manshipp, Robert, 280, 287. 

Manswell, Edmund, 79. 

Mantle, William, 227. 

Maperton, 228. 

Mapley, Emanuel, 31. 



fntoqr. 



375 



Marchant, Edward, 286 ; John, 244 ; 

Robert, 206. 
Mardir, Nicholas, 73. 
Mark, 48, 68, 120, 121, 125, 178, 193, 

280, 300, 305, 309, 319, 321, 324, 328, 

354- 

Market, Clerk of the, 140. 
Marks, Andrew, 289, 299 ; Richard, 

329 ; William, 63. 
Marksbury, 292. 
Marlem, John, 123. 
Marler, John, 99. 
Maron, William, 62. 
Marsh, John, 69, 149 ; Susan, 263 ; 

Thomas, 5, 6 ; William, 174. 
Marshall, John, 83 ; Thomas, 123 ; 

William, 94. 

Marshalsea prison, xxxv, 161. 
Marshfield, John, 159. 
Marston Bigot, 117, 132. 
Marston Magna, 66, 88, 206, 228, 251. 
Martin, one, 166 ; Elizabeth, 299 ; 

Henry, 228, 255; James, 311 ; John, 

215 ; William, 64, 93, 182. 
Martock, 138, 180, 190, 204, 209, 213, 

227, 232, 236, 242, 264, 322, 351. 
Martock Hundred, 351. 
Maryne, John, 80, 81. 
Mashbery, 32. 
Masters, Edward, 21 1, 212; William, 

261. 

Matchfield ah. Harper, Thomas, 193. 
Matthew, Edmond, 76 ; Richard, 236 ; 

William, 318. 
Maunsell, Benjamin, 32. 
Maye, John, 2, 7, 11, 18, 22, 51, 71, 75, 

76, 79, 80, 83, 87, 91-93, 95, 100, 

102, 103, 106, 107, no, in, 118-121, 

125, 128, 135, 142, 147, 150, 155, 157, 

162, 178, 179, 185, 193, 195-198, 202, 
220, 230, 232-234, 240, 242, 244, 246, 
249, 252, 256, 257, 259-261,264, 284, 
290, 291, 298, 300, 301, 303, 306, 

308, 309, 3M, 327-330, 332, 334, 
336, 339, 340, 347, 350, 353-355; 
Roger, 271. 

Meade, Peter, 70 ; Toby, 269, 

Medre, Roger, 40. 

Meggs, John, 78. 

Mells, 8, 44. 

Melis and Leigh Liberty, 355. 



Mendip (Forest Hill), 3, 4, 7, 11, 12, 15, 

31, 105, 179. 
Mere (Wilts.), 6. 
Meredith, Richard, 185. 
Merefield, Henry, 342 ; John, 244, 250, 

252, 254, 260, 269-271, 278, 287, 298, 

301, 311, 312; Robert, 182. 
Mer(r)ick, Hugh, 12, 14; Johane, 149. 
Merriot, John, 294, 295. 
Merriott, 14, 177, 187, 299, 339. 
Merritt, John, 269. 
Merryett, Richard. 53. 
Merryweather, John, 342-344. 
Melford, John, 339. 
Michell (Creech), creek, 56, 92. 
Michell (Mitchell), one, 216; Bar- 
tholomew, 76, 171 ; George, 64 ; 

Giles, 328 ; John, 231 ; William, 245. 
Middelton, Christian, 150; John, 24. 
Middleney (Drayton), 304. 
Middlezoy, 16, 17, 53, 148, 204, 312. 
Midlam, John, 283. 
Midsomer Norton, 35, 41, 78, 91, 125, 

134, 141, 163, 188, 193, 221, 254, 

271. 

Milborne Port, 6, 112, 250, 251, 258. 
Miles Burrowe, 74. 
Millard, James, 57 ; Katherine, 36 ; 

Leonard, 88, 89. 

Miller, Dorothy, 287 ; John, 287. 
Mills, Andrew, 250 ; George, 244. 
Milton, 212, 279. 
Milton, Agnes, 277 ; John, 63 ; Thomas, 

242, 249, 258, 316. 
Milton Clevcdon, xxxviii, 262, 265, 282, 

284. 

Milton (Dorset), 44. 
Milton Puddimore, 239, 259. 
Milverton, 50, 52, 53, 65, 86, 118, 236, 

242, 255, 266, 275, 279, 291, 299, 

320, 331, 334- 
Milverton Hundred, 20, 146, 147, 152, 

184, 262, 265, 281, 351. 
Minehead, xxxiii, 12, 35, 66, 82, 83, 85, 

86, 103, 109, 128, 147, 151, 168, 169, 

238, 258, 263, 27!, 273, 318. 
Misterton, 212, 270. 
Mitchell. See Michell. 
Mogg, Robert, 229, 230. 
Moggridge, Richard, 101 ; Robert, 239. 
Molome, William, 173. 



376 



Monday, Beaton, 319; Richard, xlvii, 

175- 

Monkton, West, 87, 89, 90, 189, 332. 
Montacute, 192, 270. 
Montgomery, Lady, 173. 
Moodye, William, 78. 
Moone, Agnes, 289 ; Henry, 1 1 2 ; 

Margery, 90. 
Moore (More), George, 58; Henry, 16 ; 

John, 36 ; Margery, 2 ; Rebecca, 149 ; 

Rowland, 225 ; Thomas, 57 ; William, 

231, 232, 246. 

Moorlinch, 81, no, 134, 139, 312, 315. 
Moreland, 22, 26. 
Moreland, Richard, 54. 
Morgan, Howell, 337 ; Richard, 62 ; 

Thomas, 69, 70; William, 129, 215. 
Morren, James, 286, 292. 
Morris, Annis, 273 ; George, 273 ; 

Thomas, 10, 167 ; William, 65. 
Morse, James, 115, 116; John, 84. 
Mosley, John, 188, 193. 
Mould (Mowthe) bridge, 45, 47. 
Mountague, Henry, 173. 
Mountyer, John, xxxviii, 262, 265, 269, 

284. 

Muchelney, 25, 53, 83, 108, 314, 351. 
Mudford, 31, 59, 113, 183, 333. 
Mugleworth, Walter, 182. 
Mullett, Ralph, 64. 
Mullis, Agnes, 171. 
Musgrove, John, 183 ; Robert, 189. 
Muster Master, xlii, 143, 190, 217, 244, 

288, 293. 

Mydney. See Middleney. 
Mylekarde, Robert, 30. 
Mylles, George, 35, 82, 103. 



N. 



Napper, Thomas, 56, 156, 168. 

Nation, Christopher, 115; John, 104, 

249; Matthew, 81 ; Thomas, 264; 

William, 65. 
Naunton, Robert, 256. 
Neade, Thomas, 52. 
Neades, John, 291. 
Needles (Neederles), Mary, 322. 
Neele, Richard, 76. 
Neighbours, William, 330. 



Neroche Forest, 186: 

Nethellyng, Thomas, 6. 

Nether Ham, 53, 90. 

Nettlecombe, 150, 179, 215, 253, 310, 

315. 

Nevil, Alice, 164, 173; Henry, 215, 

272 ; William, 284, 306. 
Newbery, Edith, 271. 
Newbrough, Roger, 77. 
Neweborne, William, 75, 159. 
Newman, John, 16, 17 ; Richard, 261. 
Newson St. Loe, 35, 171, 185, 331. 
Newton, 3. 

Newton Placy, 315, 316. 
Newton, Thomas, 266. 
Newton, West, 61, 199. 
Nocholes, Richard, 134. 
Norcott, William, 124. 
Norman, John, 9, 203. 
North, John, 151; Richard, 189; 

Thomas, 143. 
Northover, 58, 59, 72, 267, 307, 351, 

357- 

Northover, Francis, 181. 
Norton, 83. 

Norton Ferris Hundred, 302, 351, 355. 
Norton Fitzwarren, 298. 
Norton, George, 337 ; Samuel, 7> 190. 
Norton-sub- Hamdon, 41, 246. 
Norton St. Philip, 41, 68, 237. 
Norvale, William, 245. 
Norwood Park, 327. 
Nott, Hugh, 202. 
Nunney, 8, 193, 324. 
Nunney, Robert, 8 1. 
Nurcombe, Richard, 33. 
Nurcott, 203. 
Nurse, John, 38. 
Nye, Agnes, 234. 



O. 



Oathe, 29, 159, 320. 

Odcombe, 56, 61, 243. 

Old Cleave, 68, 85, 106, 168, 194, 203, 

232. 

Old Sodbury, 131. 
Oldman, John, 316. 
Oliver, Henry, 68 ; Richard, 231. 
Orchard, 47, 152, 184. 



fnfcejr. 



377 



Orchard, George, 90; Thomas, 145, 

159. 

Orchard, Wyndham, xxviii. 
Orenge, Edward, 283. 
Ormond, Earl of, 284. 
Osborne, Roger, 239. 
Ostler, John, 89, 168. 
Othery, 17, 53, 62, 90, 192, 197, 312. 
Ottes, Stephen, 173. 
Owen, Thomas, 305. 
Ozen, John, 354. 



P. 



Packer, John, 64. 

Pacye, Percival, 171. 

Paens, John, 97. 

Pagoose, Thomas, 68. 

Palmer, Mr., 36, 47; Humphrey, 31; 

John, 31, 190 ; William, 61, 62. 
Palton. See Paulton. 
Panter, William, 163, 221, 308. 
Parham, Mr., 173, 174. 
Parker, Edith, 279 ; John, 101, 138 ; 

Richard, 48. 
Parrett (river), 22. 
Parris, Nicholas, 291. 
Parris ah. Dourt, William, 50. 
Parrott/John, 309. 
Parsley, Mary, 10, 81. 
Parsons, , 120; John, 95, 268; 

Richard, 195 ; Robert, 64; Thomas, 

148. 

Partridge, John, 41. 
Passemore, Katherine, 65. 
Patten, John, 328. 
Patye, Thomas, 64. 
Paulton, 122. 

Pawlett, 135, 192, 197, 198, 
Payne (Payen), John, 52 ; William, 13, 

249. 
Pearce (Pearse, Perce), Francis, 238, 

258; James, 5, 12; John, 78, 91, 

141 ; Mary, 207 ; Richard, 85, 123 ; 

Robert, 128; Roger, 277; Thomas, 

114; William, 54, 150, 263. 
Pearll, Margaret, 213. 
Peers, John, 42, 251. 
Peeters, Alice, 252. 
Pelly, Ellinor, 289. 



Pembroke, Earl of, xxix, 256. 

Penmark, 273. 

Pennard, East, 50, 67, 68, 137, 165, 

267. 

Pennard, West, 112, 123, 196. 
Pennell, Johane, 32. 
Penny, Henry, 219 ; John, 88, 89, 112. 
Pensford, 68, 78, 91, 131, 132, 176, 183, 

200, 205, 214, 226, 274, 325, 344. 
Pepping, Symon, 78. 
Percy, widow, 64. 
Perram, Richard, 237. 
Perrott, North, 41, 58. 
Perrott, South, 37. 
Perry, Margaret, 155, 156 ; Philip, 109; 

Richard, 194. 
Pery, William, 64. 
Peter, Joan, 57. 
Petherton bridge, 55- 
Petherton Heathfield, 26, 320. 
Petherton, North, 22, 26, 49, 6r, 65, 

127, 150, 192, 219, 235, 313, 33i,334< 
Petherton, North, Hundred, 20, 184, 

302, 351- 

Petherton Park, 315, 316. 
Petherton, South, 10, 55, 60, 204, 205, 

276, 289, 299, 300, 304, 313, 350. 
Petherton, South, Hundred, 351. 
Petty, John, 174, 

Petty Sessions, xxvi, 36, 78, 91, 92, 344. 
Phelippes ah. Tayler, William, 180. 
Phelipps, Andrew, 318, 350; Edward, 

16, 17, 37, 3 8 > 44, 54, 61, 64, 180 ; 

Elizabeth, 298; John, 320; Michael, 

135 ; Richard, 167 ; Robert, 174, 175, 

181, 187, 189-192, 195, 197, 200, 204, 

2O5, 2OS, 2O9, 212, 213, 234-238, 240- 
246, 249-252, 256, 258-260, 263, 264, 
267, 269, 270, 272, 274, 275, 278, 
279, 287-289, 292, 293, 298, 301, 304, 

326, 330, 331, 333, 335, 346, 348, 349, 
353 ; Thomas, 3, 4, 14, 17-19, 21, 23, 
28, 38, 46, 49, 50, 55, 56, 59, 60, 65, 
66, 71, 74, 77, 81, 87, 88, 90, 99, 101, 
104, 108, 112, 114, 123, 133, 137, 138, 
142-144, 156, 168, 172, 176, 181, 200, 
204, 205, 207, 208, 210, 232, 259, 263, 
265, 269, 315, 335. 

Phelpes, John, 41 ; Richard, 60. 

Phippen, Thomas, 114; William, 223, 
227. 



378 



Pike, Henry, 17; , 258. 

Pill, 161. 

Pilton, ii, 36, 54, 123. 

Pinder, Gabriel, 67. 

Pine. See Pyne. 

Pirry, Erasmus, 174; Martha, 120, 134, 

146 ; Robert, 182. 
Pitcombe, 225, 229, 245. 
Pitman, Lucy, 229 ; Richard, 49 ; 

William, 197. 
.Pitminster, 99, 180, 317. 
Pitney, 46, 259, 261. 
Pitney Hundred, 351. 
Pittard, Henry, 275 ; Mary, 14 ; Thomas, 

US- 

Plague, xxxiv, 238, 258. 
Plaise, Elizabeth, 278. 
Player, Anthony, no. 
Plenty, John, 75 ; Rachell, 311. 
Plumbly, Anaclety, 225 ; William, 34. 
Pocock, Thomas, 269 ; William, 29. 
Podger, Cicely, 250 ; Edward, 56 ; 

Laurence, 304 ; Robert, 57-59, 67. 
Podymore, Milton. See Milton, P. 
Pointinge, Ambrose, 126. 
Pollard, Henry, 28 ; John, 340. 
Poole wall, 293. 
Poole, James, 208 ; Robert, 164 ; 

Stephen, 290 ; Thomas, 81 ; Walter, 

63- 

Poor, xxx, xxxvi. 
Pope, Agnes, 12; Lewis, 293, 317; 

Robert, 56. 
Popham, Alexander, 316 ; Edward, 68, 

100, 116, 117, 120, 133, 139, 141-144, 

146, 147, 149, 151, 153, 154, 159, 
160, 163, 167, 173, 177,179,181, 185, 
189, 192, 195, 197, 204, 208-210, 215, 

219, 220, 226, 227, 234, 240, 264, 274, 

279, 282, 287, 301, 312, 315, 318, 320, 

321; Francis, 13, 34, 53, 127, 144, 

147, 151, 152, 181, 184,202,210,244, 
264, 325, 344; John, xliii, 135; 
Robert, 208, 313 ; Walter, 64. 

Porch, John, 68. 

Porlock, 318. 

Portbury Hundred, 302, 351, 355. 

Porter, Henry, 7 ; Marmaduke, 6 1 ; 

William, 135. 
Portman, Henry, 272, 274, 281, 282, 

384; John, r-, 17, 21-23, 26-28, 32, 



42, 47, 49, 52, 56, 66, 67, 71, 74, 77- 
79, 89, 90, 95, 96. 

Potter, Richard, 127. 

Poulett (Powlett), Anthony, I ; John, 
117, 118, 120, 133, 142-145, 172, 174, 
177, 182, 187, 225, 250, 254, 257; 259, 
270-272, 274, 275, 281, 282, 284, 287, 

297, 3", 3 2 3, 326, 332, 337, 339; 

Margaret, 230; William, 230. 
Powdelton, 37. 
Powe, Agnes, 105. 
Powell, Mr., 158; Francis, 340; Oliver, 

336. 

Power, Thomas, 67, 279. 
Powne, Agnes, 29 ; Bettrice, 28. 
Poyner, Edward, 97. 
Poyntington, 81, 303, 333. 
Pratt, George, 61. 
Praunce, Elizabeth, 168, 169. 
Prenie, Mr., 175, 176, 190. 
Prest, John, 63. 
Preston, 43, 341. 
Preston, Christopher, 7, 10, 14, 17-19, 

23, 28, 50, 59, 71, 74, 88, 90, 104, 

IO9, III, 114, I2O, 123, 137, 138, 

143-146, 150, 157, 172, 174, 179, 181, 
182, 186, 189, 200, 209, 216, 220, 225, 
227, 234, 235, 238, 240, 241, 249, 250, 
260, 269, 272, 289, 292, 301, 306, 312, 

3i5- 

Prewet, Mr., 308 ; Margaret, 308. 
Pricket, .Old, 6 ; Agnes, 205, 214; John, 

209. 

Priddle, John, 168. 
Priddy, 51, 232, 281. 
Priest, John, 145. 
Prince, Hugh, 9, 13, 20; William, 205, 

212. 

Fringe, Thomas, 73. 

Priston, 205. 

Privy Council, xiv, 138, 202, 220, 245, 

256, 265, 281, 306, 316, 317. 
Prockter, Thomas, 56. 
Prowse, George, 64. 
Pryde, Julian, 278. 
Puckington, 10, 81, 210. 
Puddy, John, 236. 
Pukeringe, John, 354- 
Pullyne, Hercules, 219 ; Jonadab, 78. 
Pulman, James, 72. 
Pumfrye, Elizabeth, 303, 



379 



Puriton, no, 154, 166, 171, 177, 194. 

Purse Caundle, 59. 

Pursey, Edward, 218. 

Purveyance, xlii, 153. 

Puxton, 347. 

Pyne, Hugh, 216, 220, 240-242, 244, 
250, 260, 285, 287, 301, 302, 306, 
307, 312, 326, 330, 333, 335, 337 ; 
John, 6, 7, 10, 14, 16, 18, 19, 29, 36- 
38, 42, 52-54, 64 ; Mary, 310. 

Pynny, Edmund, 133. 

Pype, William, 264. 



Q. 



Quantockshead, East, 353. 

Quarter Sessions, Rise of, xvii, xviii, 

xxiv ; Business at, xxviii. 
Quarter Sessions Records, xviii, xix, 247, 

248. 

Quier, John, 212. 
Quorum, xxiii, xxiv. 
Quyck, Humfry, 89. 
Quyerke, George, 83. 



R. 



Rabbets, Joane, 59 ; John, 54; Samuel, 
64. 

Rack house, 74. 

Rackliffe, Hundred, 9. 

Radbird, George, 87, 250. 

Raddington, 183, 184, 191. 

Radlet, 10. 

Radstock, 342. 

Rainsbury, Robert, 243. 

Ramsey, William, 73- 

Randall, John, 243 ; William, 115, 117, 
121, 136, 172. 

Rasedowne, 6. 

Rates and Appeals, xli. 

Rattle, Joseph, 75, 80, 83, 87, 91, 93, 
95, 100, 102, 104, 1 06, 109, in, 114, 
116, 118-121, 125, 128, 133, 135, 141, 
147, 155, 162, 172, 178, 179, 181, 188, 
193, 202, 220, 230, 244, 

SOS- 

Rawlins, Edith, 32. 
Raymond, Arthur, 307, 308. 



Raynd, Andrew, 88. 

Read bridge, 26. 

Records, County, xviii, 247, 261. 

Redwood, Thomas, 196. 

Reede, Thompson, 266. 

Reeve(s), John, 126 ; Robert, 126 
Thomas, 345 ; William, 93. 

Rew, Roger, 206. 

Reynolds, James, 52. 

Rice, Zachary, 168. 

Riche, Edward, 191. 

Richman (-mand, -mond), John, 264, 
267, William, 34, 50, 257, 264, 268. 

Rimpton, 249, 333. 

Road (causeway, highway, king's high- 
way, market way, street, wain way, 
way), xxxix, 2, 12, 22, 26, 55, 58, 59, 

81, 103, 109, 110, 117, 133, 217, 227, 

228, 241, 251, 255, 256,274, 280, 293, 
294, 320, 321, 324, 341. 

Robbes, Mary, 69, 70 ; Thomas, 69, 70. 
Robins, , 122; Elizabeth, 232, 246 

William, 262. 
Robinson, John, 124. 
Rocke, Richard, 172. 
Rockehead, 12. 
Rockwell, Johane, 203. 
Rodbert. See Radbird. 
Rodford, .Henry, 172, 188. 
Rodney, Edward, 195-198, 215, 220, 

229, 232, 240, 250, 252, 256, 259- 
262, 264, 266, 272, 275, 279, 281, 
284, 287, 295, 300, 301, 303, 306, 
308, 309, 312, 320, 323, 325, 326, 
328, 329, 332, 335, 336, 339, 349, 
353; John, 7, 9, 13, 14, 20, 22, 31, 
32, 36, 42, 46, 49, 50, 54, 67, 72, 73, 
92 ; Mary, 10. 

Rodwaye, John, 68. 
Roe, Mary, 170. 

Rogers, Lady, 199 ; Edmund, 77, 196 ; 
Edward, 13, 49. 53. 54. 57. 65, 80, 

82, 88, 101-103, 114-118, 120, 128, 
134-136, 139, 140, 142, 144, 149. 177. 
189, 191, 194, 197. 2I 5. 2I 7. 232, 
240, 253, 260, 272, 282, 283, 335, 
349 ; John, 94 ; Nicholas, 263 ; 
Richard, 284, 305. 

Rogers als. Lokyer, William, 10, 14. 
Rolston, Katherine, 311. 
Rose, Thomas, 326. 



3 8o 



Rosewell, Anthony, 164. 

Rosseter, Edward, 73. 

Rowberrow, 171. 

Rowe, John, 116 ; William, 206. 

Rowswell, John, 59, 224 ; Richard, 105. 

Ruddle, Stephen, 276. 

Ruddock, Nicholas, 311. 

Rudge, John, 130. 

Rugge, Peter, 270; Thomas, 190. 

Runnye, John, 26, 27. 

Russe, John, 18. 

Russell, Richard, 237 ; William, 46. 

Rybery, 252, 

Rydon, George, 62 ; John, 62. 

Ryves, John, 64 ; Spencer, 227. 



S. 



Sacer, John, 304. 

Saffin, John, 60, 117, 130. 

Safforde, George, 64. 

Sage, Joan, xlix, 236 ; Richard, 202. 

St. Catherine (Catterne), 35. 

St. Decumans, 29, 54, 315, 320. 

St. Georges. See Easton in Gordano. 

St. Poles (Taunton), 147. 

Salcombe, 350. 

Salisbury, 280. 

Sallesbury, William, 272. 

Saltford, 95, 164, 183. 

Saltpetre, 223. 

Samborne, Barnabas, 32, 33, 35, 49. 

Sampford Arundel, 52, 53, 295, 309, 

312. 

Sampson, Thomas, 209. 
Sandford, Christopher, 130; Elizabeth, 

130. 

Sandford Orcas, 55, 268. 
Sandys, Emmanuel, 200, 276. 
Sanfield, Elizabeth, 225. 
Sanford (Winscombe), '147, 155. 
Sarkley, Richard, 221. 
Saunders, , 282, 286 ; Edmond, 308 ; 

John, 280 ; Nathaniel, 308 ; Simon, 

52 ; William, 64. 
Savidge, George, 37 ; Henry, 37. 
Saward, John, 5- 
Sawtell, Johane, 338. 
Say, William, 79. 
Sayer, John, 327, 330. 



Scalter, Alexander, 4. 

Scorier (Skorier), William, xliii, 95, 96, 

101, 143, 352. 
Scose, William, 352. 
Scriven, Elizabeth, 14. 
Scudgell, one, 4. 
Seager, John, 197, 208. 
Sealey, John, 158; Mary, 183. 
Seaman, William, 22, 25. 
Seamer, Thomas, 221. 
Searell, William, 101. 
Searle, Cuthbert, 102 ; Roger, 67. 
Seavington St. Mary, 46. 
Seavington, Upton, 259, 263. 
Seaward, Thomas, 125. 
Sedgeborowe, William, 171. 
Seeley, Richard, 67 ; Robert, 67, 133. 
Seire, Richard, 43. 
Seller, John, 73. 
Sellicke, Alice, 337. 
Sellocke ah. Honiball, Elizabeth, 51. 
Sellwood, Timothy, 244. 
Selworthy, 263. 
Sely, John, 64. 
Sennett, Ralph, 100. 
Serchwell, Johane, 254. 
Serrill, widow, 356. 
Settlement, opinion on, xxx, 137, 138, 

192, 330. 

Sewers, Commissioners of, 102, 312. 
Sexey, Hugh, 159. 
Shackell, Stephen, 136, 145. 
Shalder, Thomas, 78, 79, 241. 
Shapwick, no, 134, 135, 148, 214, 218, 

251, 340. 

Sheppard als. Blewitt, John, 158. 
Sheppard (Shepperd), , 63 ; John, 

103, 277 ; Richard, 35 ; William, 

200. 

Shepton Beauchamp, 269. 
Shepton Mallet, 2, II, 63, 123, 195, 

197, 198, 252, 284, 286, 294. 
Shepton Mallet, House of Correction, 

xliv, 207, 209, 344, 348, 351, 355. 
Shepton Montague, 16, 285, 292, 313. 
Sherborne, 6, 59, 230. 
Sherford (Shirford), widow, 64 ; Robert, 

103. 

Shervy, Robert, 21, 24. 
Sherwood, Francis, 136. 
Shelter, David, 217, 242. 



Shortt, Joane, 329. 

Shoscombe, 223, 231. 

Shute, Thomas, 95. 

Shutterne (Taunton), 119. 

Sibley, George, 146 ; Humphrey, 58 ; 
Johane, 145 ; Margery, 302, 314. 

Sidnam. See Sydenham. 

Sille, Sander, 56. 

Sindercombe, Peter, 80. 

Singer, Agnes, 167. 

Sittynges, John, 49. 

Skadsgatt, 26. 

Skilgate, 253. 

Skotton als. Edgell, Joane, 223. 

Skryne, one, 6. 

Skymerton, xlix. To-day Skimmerton. 

Slade, George, 23, 27 ; Jeane, 334 ; 
Robert, 28; Thomas, 172; William, 
66. 

Slocombe, Thomas, 24 ; Walter, 153. 

Sloper* Ann, 221. 

Smalecorne, Robert, 345. 

Smalland, Christopher, 91, 115, 261, 
281, 294, 313. 

Smalle, Nicholas, 144. 

Smart, Henry, 36, 260 ; Thomas, 289. 

Smith (Smyth, Smeth), Angell, 289, 
290 ; Edward, 105 ; Hugh, 13, 75, 87, 
95, 106, 107, 142, 144, 150, 163, 178, 
182, 185, 225, 244, 272, 288, 301 ; 
Humfry, 218 ; Jeffrey, 22, 26 ; John, 
16, 283, 307, 331 ; Mary, 283 ; 
Robert, 16, 283 ; Thomas, xxviii, 
136 ; William, 286, 327. 

Smithes (Smethes), John, 197, 289; 
Mary, 305. _ 

Smocke, Charity, 241. 

Snigge, George, 13, 30, 105. 

Snow, Alee, 28. 

Sodbury, 117. 

Sodbury, Old, 131. 

Soldiers, Maimed, Treasurer of, xxxv, 
7, 23, 56, 61, 79, 93, 101, 104, 105, 
107, 138, 153, 162, 164, 165, 175, 190, 
191, 197, 208, 220, 229, 235, 237,242, 
248, 256, 260-262, 274, 275, 279, 281, 
284, 293, 294, 301, 308, 313, 318, 320, 
328, 335 35i- 

Solomon, William, 92. 

Somer, Guy, 275 ; William, 75. 

Somers, Robert, 62. 



Somerton, 33, 66, 163, 175, 176, 190, 
195, 210, 214, 250, 321, 330, 338, 347. 

Somerton Hundred, 351. 

Sonde (in Wedmore), 223, 227. 

Soper, John, 151. 

Southampton, Earl of, 256. 

Southfield, William, 333, 337. 

South worth, Thomas, 90, 91, 104, 1 06, 
112, 113, 116, 120, 125, 133, 141, 143, 
147, 150, 157, 158, 162, 172, 174, 179, 
186, 188, 193, 195, 196, 198, 199,204, 

208-211, 215, 220, 222, 227, 229, 230, 
234, 239, 240, 244, 250, 256, 257, 260, 
264, 266, 269, 272, 274, 276, 279, 28l, 
282, 287, 292, 295, 296, 301, 303, 312- 

315, 318, 320, 321, 323-326, 330, 334- 
336, 339, 343, 346-348, 349, 35', 353, 
355- 

Sowthy, Margaret, 64. 

Sparkford, 122, 199, 335. 

Spaxton, 10, 158, 191. 

Speere, Hercules, no. 

Speke, George, 10, 55, 59, 60, 81, 88, 
108, 114, 117, 133, 143, 146, 177, 181, 
186, 187, 207, 210, 225, 228,238, 240, 
245, 257, 259, 263, 289, 300, 304, 345. 

Spencer, James, 251 ; William, 251. 

Spital House, 87, 99. See Aims-House. 

Spritte, William, 116, 

Spurle, Humfry, 25. 

Spurrier, Priscilla, 233. 

Stacey, Purtesey, 345. 

Stalleng, Florence, 160 ; Nicholas, 160 ; 
Robert, 21, 22, 25. 

Stamford, Margaret, 253 ; Salathiel, 253. 

Standfast, John, 154. 

Standley, Roger, 115. 

Stanmores bridge, 102, 356. 

Stanton Drew, 200, 202, 223, 286. 

Stanton Prior, 34, 50, 257, 264, 267, 268. 

Staple, Fitzpaine, 67, 134. 

Staple, Nicholas, 265. 

Staplegrove, 77. 

Starkeye, Richard, 61 ; Roger, 61. 

Starr, Joseph, 267. 

Stavordale, 222. 

Stawell (Stowell), no, 134. 

Stawell, John, 287, 292, 294, 297, 301, 
306, 307, 315, 322, 324, 325, 330, 338, 
346, 357- 

Stawley, 30, 31, 64, 116, 127, 243. 



38* 



Stephens (Stevens), Anne, 234 ; Dorothy, 
261 ; Mary, 277 ; Richard, 261 ; 
Simon, 301. 

Steres, Laurence, 64. 

Stevens als. Hooper, Maurice, 357. 

Steyte, Jacob, 352. 

Stibbes, John, 126. 

Stickland, Humphrey, 64. 

Still, John, Bp. B. and W., 7, 9; 
Lionel, ill ; Nathaniel, 71, 79, 90, 
100, 103, 121, 144, 147, 152, 154, 155, 
157, 1 66, 178, 189, 191, 223, 227, 231, 
233, 244, 287, 290,291, 298, 304, 305, 
309, 318, 319, 321, 326, 327, 330, 333, 
340, 344. 

Stirridge, John, 115. 

Stiverd, Christopher, 314. 

Stocke, Johane, 290 ; Margery, 105. 

Stocker, Anthony, 343, 349, 353 ; John, 
7, 12, 14, 15, 22, 32-35, 44. 

Stockland Bristol, 102, 103, 220. 

Stockman, John, 73 ; Richard, 73 ; 
Ursula, 73. 

Stockwood, 252. 

Stodden, William, 104, 112. 

Stodgell, John, 61. 

Stoford, 50. 

Stogumber, 60, 152, 153, 253, 257, 298. 

Stogursey, 53, 63, 72, 112, 11 6, 236. 

Stoke, North, 205 , 209. 

Stoke Rodney, 125, 162, 202. 

Stoke St. Gregory, 6, 74, 77, 116, 269, 
294, 3io, 352, 356. 

Stoke St. Mary, 348. 

Stoke St. Michael (Stoke Lane), 227, 
228, 248, 276, 356. 

Stoke-sub-Hamdon, 237. 

Stokes, Clement, 284; Thomas, 31. 

Ston Easton, 224, 280, 286. 

Stone, th'apparitor, 130; Agnes, 195; 
John, 3, 68 ^Julian, 208. 

Stone Hundred, 205, 227, 283, 302, 351. 

Stony Stoke, 263. 

Storier. See Scorier. 

Story, Henry, 58. 

Stoure, William, 300. 

Stourton, 276. 

Stowell, 250. 

Stowey, 57, 230, 246, 356. 

Stowey, Nether, 150, 229. 

Stowey, Over, 253.. 



Stowey, William, 79. 

Stratton, I, 97, 126. 

Stratton on the Fosse, 66. 

Street, 2, 283. 

Streette, Nicholas, 67. 

Stringston, 236. 

Strong, Andrew, 263, 346,; William, 175. 

Strowde, James, 63 ; John, 2, 64 ; 

Thomas, 9. 
Stuckey, Dorothy, 108 ; Elizabeth, 108 ; 

Pasche, 290; William, 123. 
Stuffey, Johane, 338. 
Sturminster, 6. 
Stut, William, 64. 
Stybbes, John, 258. 
Style, Thomas, 313. 
Suckling, John, 280. 
Suffolk, Earl of, 138. 
Sully, Elizabeth, 253 ; Matthew, 226, 

331 ; Maud, 226. 

Supersedeas, Writ of, 60, 212, 218. 
Sutton (Wilts), 356. 
Sutton, Long, 33, 113, 163, 175, 176, 

190, 195, 210, 211, 213, 242, 243, 259, 

261, 330. 

Sutton Mallet, 81, no, 134, 217. 
Swainswick, 341. 
Swanton, William, 71, 75, 78, 93, 104, 

109, in, 113, 114, 133, 172, 182, 195, 

197, 198, 2O4,2O5, 2O8, 212, 2l6, 22O, 
222, 225, 227-229, 231, 233, 251. 

Swayne, Roger, 62 ; Thomas, 46. 
Sweet, , 242 ; Eme, 222 ; John, 73. 
Sweeting, Giles, 78 ; John, 78, 130. 
Sydenham, George, 316; Hugh, 305; 

Nicholas, 257 ; William, 62. 
Syle, Richard, 64. 
Symcocks, John, 87 ; Thomas, 92, 99, 

157, 195, 204, 208, 210, 213, 2l8, 220, 

224, 226, 234, 235, 239, 251. 

Syme, Bartholomew, 62. 

Symes, John, xxv, 67, 71, 74, 86, 87, 
89, 90, 95. 96, 99, 104, 105, 109, ill, 
114, 116, 118, 124, 129, 142, 144, 147, 
152, 179, 209, 210, 216-218, 220, 233, 
234, 240-242, 249, 250, 256, 258, 265, 
272-275, 277, 287, 292, 294, 295, 301, 
306, 310, 314, 315, 318, 321, 323, 326, 

327, 330, 332-335 346, 348, 349, 352, 
355 ; Richard, 97. 
Symons, Edmund, 221 ; Thomas, 221. 



383 



T. 



Tanfield, Laurence, 44, 63, 281, 323, 

330, 336. 

Tanner, Robert, 136; Thomas, 266. 

Tarr, Thomasine, 339. 

Taunton, 4, 20, 23, 28, 42, 51, 56, 69, 
72, 99, 103, 116, 117, 119, 123, 129, 
144, 147, 149, 151, 171, 173, i 80, 
239, 257, 293, 294, 297, 311, 317, 
343, 346, 348, 352, 355, 356. 

Taunton Deane, Hundred of, 20, 216, 
297> 317, 3i8, 351. 

Taunton, Elizabeth, 251, 262 ; John, 328. 

Taunton, House of Correction, 9, 20, 95, 
96, 101, 104, 124, 149, 171, 179, 189, 
194, 195, 217, 255, 278, 291, 299, 
310, 311, 315, 351, 252. 

Taunton St. James, 28, 29, 71, 84, 103, 
117, 149, 294, 297, 317, 318. 

Taylor, Barbara, 28 ; Christopher, 175 ; 
George, 134; Mary, 23 ; Richard, 23, 
27 ; Robert, 269 ; Symon, 291 ; 
Thomas, 161 ; William, 175, 186. 

Tebbetts, Robert, 95. 

Teeke, Nicholas, 229. 

Temple(cloud), xlix, 176. 

Templecombe (Abbas), 205, 212. 

Templecombe (-man), Stephen, I. 

Templer, Joane, 348 ; John, 26. 

Thayer, John, 144, 145 ; Margaret, 144, 

145- 
Thomas, Alice, I ; Edward, 279 ; James, 

62. 

Thompson, John, 144. 
Thorne, Arthur, 92; Gilbert, 310; 

Isabel, 303, 304 ; Philip, 347 ; 

Richard, 199 ; Thomas, 134. 
Thorne (Coffin), 10. 
Thorne St. Margaret, 206. 
Thruston, James, 79. 
Thynne, Thomas, 49, 225. 
Tibbett, Philip, 124. 
Tilly, Philip, 347. 
Timberscombe, 232, 347. 
Tincknell, William, 333. 
Tintinhull, 14, 55, 156, 168, 183, 229. 
Tintinhull Hundred, 205, 227, 251, 302, 

35 1 - 

Tipping, Richard, 43 ; Thomas, 43. 
Tippling Houses. See Alehouses. 



Tirrell, William, 85. 

Tiverton, 194. 

Tolland, 299, 357. 

Tompsey, Tomsyn, 207. 

Tompson, Philip, 219. 

Toms, John, 38. 

Tones, Robert, 81. 

Tovy, Richard, 42. 

Tower Hill, 15. 

Towills, Arthur, 102. 

Towninge, Thomas, 351. 

Trained Company, 179, 185. 

Trapnell, John, 129, 149. 

Traske, Thomas, 5, 6. 

Treble, Hugh, 38. 

Trent, 1, 175, 186, 187. 

Trevelyan, John, 19, 30, 33, 45, 54, 81, 
82, 86, 103, 104, 116, 117, 129-131, 
142, 144, 149, 152, 169, 171, 179, 183, 
189, 194, 203, 207, 209, 214, 215, 230, 
232, 233, 253, 255, 258 263, 282. 

Trezare, William, 210. 

Triggle, Richard, 76. 

Trobridge, John, 66 ; Thomas, 179. 

Trott, Henry, 123 ; John, 62, 168, 346, 

357- 

Troute, Robert, 65. 
Trubbes, Hugh, 216. 
Trucketts Hill (Nunney), 193. 
Truckwell, Christopher, 345. 
Trull, 10, 16, 194, 218, 297, 314, 323. 
Tucker, Elizabeth, 128, 147 ; Gregory, 

142; John, 63, 319, 328; Mary, 264; 

Ralph, 85, 86, 109, 128, 147 ; John, 

63, 3 l8 , 3 2 8 : i 63- 
Tucker als. Parker, John, 84. 
Tuckey, Timothy, 305, 307. 
Tucks Gary, 109. 
Turner, Ann, 221 ; Giles, 76 ; Joan, 76 ; 

Thomas, 343, 348. 
Tutells (Doulting), 288. 
Tuthill, Edward, 79. 
Tutton, John, 116, 118, 119, 121. 
Twerton,'i27- 
Twytt, Elizabeth, 230. 
Tyke, Nicholas, 128. 
Tynte, Edward, 135, 220, 224, 244, 260, 

264, 272, 273, 281, 282, 287, 288, 

300, 306-308, 320, 323, 325, 326, 

334, 339, 353, 355- 
Tytherley, 190. 



u. 



Ubley, 141, 172, 188, 350. 
Underwood, Geoffrey, 42 ; John, 266 

Walter, 293. 
Upham, Jane, 320. 
Uphill, 9, 62, 147. 
Upton, 184, 191, 199, 246. 
Upton, Elizabeth, 283; John, 315. 



V. 



Vallis, 40. 

Vax, Clement, 187. 

Venner, Julian, 207. 

Verier, Robert, 182. 

Vicary, Joan, 233 ; John, 233. 

Victualling House, 26, 91. 

Vigars, John, 69. 

Vile (Vyle), Edmond, 97 ; John, 10, 97 

William, 97. 

Vincent, one, 266 ; William, 42, 350. 
Vininge, Robert, 182. 
Virgin, Andrew, 5, 8 ; Ursula, 93. 
Vowles, Agnes, 68. 
Vye, Marmaduke, 101. 



W. 

Waad, William, 118, 164, 165, 175. 

Walcombe, Mr., 151. 

Walden, John, 137. 

Wale, Christopher, 137. 

Wales, 221, 263, 310. 

Walker, Edward, 69. 

Wall, John, 326. 

Wallis, , 107 ; Susan, 297 ; Thomas, 

297. 

Walls, 181. 
Walrond, Henry, 7, 10, 14, 18, 19, 37, 

50, 59, 66, 71, 74, 77, 88, 90, 114, 

118; Laurence, 161 ; Richard, 171; 

William, 243, 288, 334, 335, 345, 346, 

353, 355- 
Walter, Eleanor, 239 ; John, 354 ; 

Mary, 239 ; Robert, 23 j Roger, 1 1 ; 

William, 112. 
Walton, 49, 55, 75, 80, 174, 225, 314. 



Walton, Mr., 251 ; Andrew, 327 ; 

William, 210, 303. 
Wansbury, John, 126, 127. 
Wanstrow, 38, 39, 167. 
Ward, Roger, 267 ; Thomas, 216. 
Warman, John, 85 ; Johane, 189. 
Warre, John, 38; Richard, 104, 114, 

1 1 6, 189; Robert, 166, 216; Thomas, 

59, 63, 74, 78, 79, 82, 84, 87, 89, 91, 
92, 95, 99, 101, 103, 104, 109, 114, 
116, 118, 120, 124, 127, 129, 133, 137, 
138, 142-144, M7, I49-I5I, 172, 174, 
179, 1 80, 189, 191, 192, 195, 210, 215. 

Warren, Moyses, 143 ; Nicholas, 186 ; 

Richard, xxvii, 312, 317, 336. 
Wastfield, Edward, 150. 
Watch and Ward, 316. 
Watches, 6. 

Watchet, 130, 298, 310, 311. 
Watercome, Joane, 28. 
Waters, Anna, n ; Henry, 83, 101. 
Watts, John, 65, 81 ; Richard, 63; 

Silvester, 5, 8 ; Thomas, 165. 
Waylond, William, 40, 41. 
Weadon, Elizabeth, 271 ; Henry, 198. 
Weare, 2, 97, 305, 326, 331. 
Weaver ah. Chappie, John, 68. 
Weaver, John, 64, 168. 
Weaver, als. Tucker, John, 39. 
Webb, , 150, 260; Dorothy, 161 ; 

Elizabeth, 202; Joane, 10, n ; John, 

1 6 ; Nicholas, 122. 
Webber, Charles, 15, 30; Johan, 215; 

Michael, 258. 
Wedmore, 17, 18, 29, 51, 80, 91, 108- 

iii, 118, 119, 121, 161, 223, 224, 

226, 227, 229, 286, 303, 319, 329, 

333- 

Weechgreen, 345. 
Weeke (Dorset), 186. 
Wellarke, Walter, 185. 
Wellington, 20, 21, 24, 39, 64, 71-73, 

79, 152, 169, 170, 184, 211, 243, 245, 

265, 290, 325, 326, 336. 
Wellow, 68, 223. 
Wellow Hundred, 185, 351, 355. 
Wells, 2, 4, 7, 9, 10, 13, 15, 22, 33, 46, 

60, 93, 112, 121, 152, 193, 203, 213, 
236, 247, 251, 261, 279, 325, 330. 

Wells, East, 125. 

Wells Hundred, 7, 31, 76, 302, 351, 355. 



385 



Wells ah. Webb, Ann, 355. 

Welsh, John, 95. 

Welshman, Silvester, 28. 

Welshman ah. Weeles, Anne, 139, 153, 

157, 181, 190. 
Welsowey, Richard, 78. 
Wembdon, 85, 338. 
Wembridge, William, 220. 
West, Adrian, 138, 139, 225; Agnes, 

4; Anne, 212, 213; Henry, 28; 

James, 216 ; Thomasine, 196. 
Westbrook, Davy, 78. 
Westbury, 92, 93, 106, 113, 196, 225. 
Westcombe, Samuel, 316, 321. 
Wested, Leonard, 37. 
Weston, 147, 216. 
Weston (near Bath), 164, 173. 
Weston Barapfylde, 228, 255, 270. 
Weston-super-Mare, 58, 94, 335. 
Weston Zoyland, 128, 166, 196, 197, 

216, 287, 296, 312. 
Westover, Gabriel, 257 ; Joan, 257. 
Whatley, 289, 324. 
Whatley, Robert, 332, 337. 
Wheddon, Richard, 214; Thomas, 105. 
Whippie, John, 84. 
Whitchurch, 84. 
Whitcombe. See Westcombe. 
White (Whyte, Whitt), , 15 ; Edward, 

35, 38, 42, 43, 45, 46, 60, 69, 76, 163 

(also Wicks and Wykes) ; John, 158 ; 

Richard, 48 ; Robert, 28 ; Thomas, 

95, 96, 288 ; William, 266, 296, 303. 
Whitehead, Andrew, 224 ; Robert, 258 ; 

William, 196. 
Whitelackington, 81. 
Whitell, Elizabeth, 197. 
Whiting, John, 30 ; Robert, 5 1 ; 

Thomas, 51. 
Whitley Hundred, 20, 82, 103, 135, 146, 

184, 349, 351. 

Whitstone Hundred, 288, 307, 351, 355. 
Whittenole, Katherine, 240. 
Whittington, Francis, 321. 
Whittocke, John, 77, 206. 
Wicke (Milborne Port), 71. 
Widcombe (near Bath), 145, 159, 324, 

341- 
Wilcox (Willcockes), Joan, 78; John, 

353 ; Susan, 8 ; Thomas, 78. 
Wilkes ah. Wheeler, Richard, 273. 



Wilkins, John, 168. 

Williams, Edith, 129, 130; George, 299, 

Joane, 154, 285 ; John, 130, 150, 151 ; 

Margaret, 50. 
Willis, , 68 ; John, 162. 
Williton, 28, 214. 
Williton Hundred, 2, 20, 45, 47, 106, 

171, 302, 317, 351. 

Willoughby, Lionel, 76 ; Nicholas, 127. 
Wills, Peter, 215 ; Richard, 245. 
Willsheere, Agnes, 122. 
Wilmington, 34, 50, 196, 205. 
Wilmott, Thomas, 31 ; William, 274. 
Wilmott ah. Bowltridge, Thomas, 246. 
Wilton, 139. 
Wilts(hire), 2, 9, 265. 
Wincanton, 14, 16, 50, 59, 267. 
Windham. See Wyndham. 
Windsford, 5, 12, 171, 203, 253, 277, 

339- 

Winford, 75, 106. 

Winscombe, 23, 30, 84, 155, 222, 290, 

298, 350. 
Winsham, 185. 

Winter, Dorothy, 185 ; John, 232. 
Winterstoke Hundred, n, 171, 351, 355. 
Win wood, Ralph, 138. 
Witch, suspected, 96. 
Witchwell, Thomas, 105. 
Witcombe (Gorton Denham), 6. 
Witcombe (Martock), 264, 322. 
Withers, Walter, 36, 46. 
Withy poole, 171. 
Wiveliscombe, 20, 53, 58, 65, 90, 169, 

202, 211, 219, 236, 243, 255, 265, 273, 

3i5> 334- 

Woburne, Mary, 276, 277. 

Wodd, Anthony, 81. 

Wood, An, 64 ; John, 67 ; Gerard, 220, 
244, 264, 306, 323, 325, 329, 339, 353, 
355 ; Robert, 73 ; Roger, 328. 

Woodall, Reginald, 328. 

Woodland, James, 216. 

Woodruff, Roger, 74. 

Woodwardsales, 7. 

Wookey, 8, 222. 

Wookey, John, 321. 

Woolavington, 13, no, 171, 232. 

Wooley, John, 69. 

Woolley, 1 60. 

Woolridge, George, 200. 



386 



Woolverton, 122. 

Wootton Courtney, 33. 

Wootton (North ?), 64. 

Wootton (Wotton), Dorothy, 113; E., 

138; Henry, 113; Humfrey, 248; 

Mary, 336, 370; William, 158, 336, 

337, 340. 

Worcester, Earl of, 256. 
Worcombe, John, 63. 
Wordan, Humfrey, 64. 
Workey, William, 223. 
Worle, 105, 248, 327, 328, 330, 332, 

335- 

Wornall (Bucks), 43. 
Worthington, Thomas, 254. 
Wosdall, Henry, 146, 160 ; Katherine, 

134, 146, 151, 160. 
Wrantage, 261. 
Wraxall, 332, 337. 
Wray als. Hutton, Clement, 218. 
Wraye, Reignold, 218. 
Wrench, William, 249. 
Wrentmore, John, 79, 255. 
Wright, John, 120, 134, 146 ; Robert, 

211, 220, 239, 244, 260, 261, 264, 

306 ; William, 97. 
Wrington, 82, 83, 102, 197, 287, 305, 

3H, 347- 

Writhlington, 146, 160. 
Wroth, John, 316; Thomas, 349, 353. 
Wyatt, Thomas, 341. 
Wyllys, ,13. 
Wyndham, Edmund, 106 ; Humfrey, 19, 

21, 30, 34, 50, S 2 , 53, 65, 71, 80, 90,. 

114, Il8, 120, 169, 170, 185, 202, 
211, 219, 236, 243, 245, 255, 264, 

278 ; John, xxvii, xxxvi, 5, 33, 47, 54, 
57, 63, 65, 81, 85, 86, 103, 104, 115, 



117, 129-131, 144, 149, 152, 171, 
179, 183, 189, 194, 207, 209, 214, 
215, 230, 240, 253, 278, 281, 292, 
298, 301, 318; Thomas, 220, 234, 
235, 240, 253, 255, 256, 258, 260, 
271, 272, 277-279, 281, 292, 299, 
301, 310, 311, 315, 318, 319, 321, 
323, 326, 336, 337, 343, 346, 348, 
353- 

Wyne, , 120. 

Wynn, John, 68. 

Wynpenne, John, 346 ; Robert, 346. 

Wyther, Charles, 293. 

Wytherell, Grace, 237 ; William, 237, 
246. 



Y. 



Yard, Agnes, 259 ; John, 31. 

Yarde, 54, 81, 104, 179, 207. 

Yarlington, 155, 198. 

Yea, David, 58. 

Yeomans, Nicholas, 166. 

Yeorke, John, 94. 

Yeovil (Evill), 5, 47, 54, 59, 7', "3, 

174, 206, 235, 252, 267, 270, 278, 

283, 328, 331, 351, 356. 
Yeovilton (Evilton), xlvii, 33, 163. 
Yermouth, John, 300. 
Yewens, Giles, no. 
Young, George, 353, 355; John, 27; 

Walter, 159. 



Zane, William, 212-214. 
Zealy, Elizabeth, 246. 



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