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Full text of "Sussex archaeological collections relating to the history and antiquities of the county"

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SiMFOMD-WWERSirif-lJISRARY 



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SUSSEX 



accljacologtcal Collections, 



lUtL^tlNa TO THK 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF TIIE COUNTY. 



rL-pj.raiivi> it 



JTIk Sussex arrljfifclogical Sofirlg, 




•' .-■-. V..: 


VOL, VIIL 

:• : ■ ■•• : • : 
; -.■ . . -• 

LONDON; 


- ', 

• • * ' ■ • - 


JOHN 


RUSSELL 


SMITH, 


36, 


so no SQUAfiE. 




KRCCULVI, 





691626 









LOKDOHi 
TUGKKB 4KO CO,, nuHma, ruBT'i nAcm, ottowd truvT. 



CONTENTS. 



PAfil 

Anniud fieport --...,.,.,,. ix 

U>t of Members ,.....,,,,., liii 

Boks of the Bociet; ....,.,..., ivi 

1. Qenetlogical (femoir of the Family of Bcrase. B7 Mabr AifTORT 

LowBB, Esq., F.a^ X 

2, BruB of Jobo Wybome, A.D. 1190, lately diACOVered in Ticdiunt Church. 

Bj the Rev, Chablbb Gauttt .17 

9. On Sedgwick Castle. By the Ber. Enwi^it Tt7BFIB .... 31 

4< Burdbrd Abbey, ita Fortunea and Miafortooea, with aome partlculara of 

the FremoDatratenaiaji Order, By W. S. Biaauw, E«q., F,SA. . 41 

S- The Fanuliee of Bnwee of Cheaworth, and Hoo. By W. Dinuuj<T 

COOFVB, Esq., F.8.A ff7 

6. BKtncIa &om the Steyning Cburcb-Book. By the Bcv. T. Uehl^d IdS 

7- ^otLoee of tho Abbey of Bobertabridge^ By the Ber. Qsoboe Mil£B 

Cooper 141 

8. Bimetoa, The Grant of part of a Wood in Coaltborgstial by Ealdwulf, 

HeretogB of tha South Saxons^ dated from the Hill of Biohchandouiu^ 

A.i>. 791. By W. H. BLiiuw.Esq., F.S.A 177 

9. On the Saion College of Bosbam. By the Ber. Edwaiu) Tusmot . . 189 

10. Noticea of Winobelaea in and after the Fifteenth Ce&tury. By Williau 

DtjAU^rr C00P2B, Esq., F^A 201 

11. On the Church at Worth. By Wasroir SrnjEiujf Waijoad. Baq., F.3A. 235 

12. Ettracte&omthe"Iter Suiseiienae" of Bt, JohnBnrtoD. Translated by 

W. H. Bui.uw, Esq,, F^.A. £60 

ISoUt and Queriee, (Sae ConitntM) 2€Q 

Botice 279 



VI CONTENTS. 

CU«logil0 of A&tdquiti«a e^bited in the HuHom formed during th« Anmiftl 

U«Dting of tha Archnological loHtltute at Chichester in Jul; 18&3 . 281 

Antiquities brought from foreign oountriea ....,., 28L 

Eu-lj British, Boman, Bomauo-Brjtuh, and othOT Antiquities . . £84 

Mfldien] Antiquities 298 

Uunidps] Antiquities, PlatA, Ac., of the City of Chichester . , , 814 

Medieval Armour and Afms , .....,,. BIB 

PaintiDgf, Worka of Art, Plana, Ao. ....>,« 318 

Medieral SealB 325 

Autograph Letters and Docnmenta 334 

Sepulohnl BrsBies ,...,,...,. 337 

ContioenUl Snftsea And BUbs 840 

iHItXX . , 346 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



DirecHom to Binder. 



Platv oF Bnss of John W^bune 



tofice page 17 



Tilee of Durefbrd Abbey (ooloured) . , - - — pago 61 

Hoo Tomb, at Honham ...'.,— page 128 

Worth Ohorch, jyon 8.E. — pBge 236 

— Interior and Ground Finn . . < ^ page 241 

Egyptian Ark (coloured Iflhograph) , , . . — page Z8L 

Municipal Globular Lantern of Ghicheflter ... — page 315 

Seolj of Lewes Priory — page 827 

W00I>CT7tB- FAOS 

Arms of Scrase . 1 

BlatcJUi^ltm CImrch 4, 18 

BedffiBick CattU, Flan 39 

WaU 40 

DuT^crd Ahhty^ Fragmente . 54, G6 

Tile 61 

Bu^-Stick 76 

Sooth Front M 

Eoat Front 95 

Mooummtal Slone .,,.....,. 96 

8eal of W. de Hoo 106 

Bed of Thomas Hoo 126 

Oarred Figure plAjing On the Tirginals 120 

Mob^rUbridgo Abbey, Bov lil 

Common Seal and Counter Seal 148 

Crypt l^ 

Soulh-Eftflt View 14B 

GroondPUn U7 

^IiUrior of the Chapel 148 

Interior of Chapel . , 158 

Seal of Aimed de B, Martin 156 

fiefectOT7 164 

Beoeu 166 

Sflftl of Abbot I7l 

Two carved Slabs, and Felham Arrns 172 

Angel supporting Shield, and Armorial Tilo ..... 173 

Large Boss . . . 176 

Btauion Hill ^ .... 186 

Queers EUsaleih*t Prayer Sook 225 

Worth Chitrch, Pilaeters 289 

Chanoel'Aroh 841 

Font 244 

BroHXS Celt, ^c. .269 

Beta of 8. MalUng College .270 

PiUar-Piaeina at E. HothLj 272 



WVXJIKXTS IN CATAIjOOUE OF CHICHESTEE 
MUSEUM, 

TAAM 

ILurstkMidVroiiMDiKk 286 

T»o hrvtaic Oeki* SB^ 

AusNkU ¥<Mtrj iid <Ji*w »l W«tBr(t»l« 889 

iUlM AKB-Uokd SH 

fc<«*CuU »9i 

IdCliWuuHJ 299 

Gold £flliqu»rf Cmu BOS 

f iuw fw J>nu|^liU 80$ 

Uitry Himd-Uw 804 

Gold Xr*ii*il J^niocL - . . 805 

Caock-W»bc^ vf Kjjog CiuriM I 809 

Buih Cviditvti^ 810 

Inn Aim , 810 

WmM^tTvgti 816 

fl(«a8kulkiip 818 

T^rtwd Dill It BiabopttoDO Chorch . 888 

B«alof Eulof Hiintk; &S8 

Bnl of fliibdwnfTT of ClilcboiUr , ■ f . . . , , , ftw^ 

flnl of Bt HAf7*> HMpit&l at Chichcater 880 

Seal of Lftdj Juis Gt^— Silver Blng— Seal of Earl of Derbj . . > , 88S 

Sal Elia rarvikim— Beal HatUd' Bloaii 384 

Parement Tile from B«acbamwell ....-->,, 388 

Felham Buoklo Brick 330 

Bepulchral £ffig7 on Tilea ^3 



REPORT. 



I 
I 
I 

I 



P 



^ 



A SEVENTH Volume of the Susspix Archm^hgical OfU^dions wns atJiIed t-o 
cur library shelves in February 1855, and tbe Kiglitb is so far ailvauceJ Lliat 
it may be confidently eiip'ored in Februjiry 195G. 

AltUoiigli the gLiicrul uitt'WHt ciccitcd hy tbo objects of the Society Los 
■wollen the number of Ita Members, so thai no considerable increase can be 
expwted, — and we have also to lament tke loss of some njerabcre of dialin- 
giiisiied eminence, — jct tbirtj-live new names hnve been added during tbc 
^^ear, and tUe total iiuiuher aou ouiouuts to 576 mrmbera^ 

Vie muy trocp in many Hin-ptions an incren-^ing oajri(>ty to respeet hnd 
preserve tue DDliquities of tbe County, aa has been notably the case in some 
recent dbeoveries, A tDOiimucntul brus^ hiia been lately i]i(|K)£edj whiciL had 
l)Gen concealed under the floor of Tioehurst Church, repre^ntlng a knight and 
Ins two wives. Aa the coatarac of the knight appears to be that of n (*entury 
earlier than his death, in U90, it geenis to prove that there were, in that 
remote period, peraons not scrupulous in appropriating to their deecft^ed friend 
the efligy of some forgotten predecessor. A remarkable piscuia, of early date, 
Ima bi?cn alao lotely cxtricultd from the dinucol wall of Koat Ilothly Clmrchj 
in which it bad been iiumurcd. Notices of both ihcae objects will be found 
in tbe Eighth Volume. A large deposit of many hundred Roman coins has 
hivn at'cidcntally dug up near Storringtoiu Another circimistanee of jfreal 
iiiterr^t latdy OL^urri^d^ wbi^[i u salt; bj uuctiun wua iijuile of tUt^ site of Lewea 
PrioTy, by wliich tiio ruuie r^m itL- risk of total dL-slnictiou. Ffkrtuimtely, 
however^ tlic purchaser was Mr. Jolni IHakcrt a j^ntlenian peculbrly woU 
udaptwl, by bis active and disiaUirt'sLcd zcid, to be the guardian of such A 
sUf, and, in the abort pi'rfod since his possession, he has made exttiisivc 
excavations among the rude iicopa, nnd cleared much of the cacumbnincea 
from the ujtsoary. At a time ivlicD su many churches and ancient buildings 
fite in tlie bands of restorers, tliis forms an honourable e^tamplc to others in 
auaikr positions. 

The General Annual Mwting was held at Horsham, on July IS, 1855 ^ 
and an tfus ocrasion the many members and tliJ^ir friends who assembled, 
jirofited materially by the prompt kindness of Mr. Liutot, who, in coa- 
scq^nence of the previous wet we^ither hadng reudercil tbe intended dinner 
lu teiita imprjivLk'uble, uouverted an uarinbbed building of hb own, in a few 
hijiiTs, into n eomino^hou* diiung-room for thtlr uae. Tbe libcmliCy nl^o of the 
Literary nud ScienliticSociUy ofHor^ham, in devoting their rooms to the nie<it- 
ing of the Society, deserves especial gmtitude; and 'mder the auspices of tlie 
Hon. Robert Curzon, as phaiminn, the proceedings gnv^: general satiafaelfon. 
Tlie intcrostiu;^ Church of Wortli was also viaitud on the same day, and its 
Hridiiteetura] features were kiridly pointeil out by W. Durrani Cooper, Ksq., 
and W. S. Walfonl, Esq. The Committee have the satisfaction of inclmling 
in the forthcoming volume a more detailed account of its pcailiiu' structure 
than has iiitlmrto bteo published. 

After the meeling had been addressed, from the ehair, by tlie Hon. lioburt 



BBPO-RT. 



CurzoiL, oil i\\p. advniitages of ArohoBology^ and on the j>ucii]ijir r^-BOurces mul 
tharacleristica of Suaaex id Ibat rcapwt, papers were read — 

On Sudgwict Cwtlc, by thf Ecth Edward Tixraer. 

Kslraoty from Ur. Johii Uurtyn'a Ifor SixaBciienHe, bj W. H. Blaauw, Esq. 

Ou Jtobi^rtot riJgo Abbcj, hj the Rop, O. M. Cooper. 

Noticofl 00 tlio StTasD Fniiuly, by M. A. I/jwcr, Eiq. 

Anobot Ai^FOunla of the QiuroliwArdciia of Steyniug, bj the Her, T, Mnlknd, 

Epuoopfll VidiUiions of Eoaeboroe Miuuierj, and the Corrodi« of Durorortl Abboy» 

hy W. n. Itluiuw, Eifij. 
The Mmiument-4 of Thoiuna BraoBe ind Lord Hoo, m Honhnm OUurcb, bj^W. 

DiuTtLLit Coop^, Eflq. 

At the temporary Muaeum in tbe TownhflUj among other objecta there 
were exhibited, by the kind coatrilmtions of frii^uds, the following : — 

Eiuuuelkid shrinu and reliqojiry of tlio eli^vcnlU or twelfth century, roprrtmting in 
front tho legend of BU Edmund^ a Saiod Hue; nodL'Ql k'vjtber mtVeif nitU 
wortpil TnelAltiiT bAndri «nd look ^ siudII mora of the Juvenile bodyguard of 
Nnpoleon, "King of Roma — fiy the San. S. Curion. 

Entraeilod roliqiiary from Shtpiey Cliurph. — B^ Sir Ckarlea Merrill Smrrtifty Sort. 

Mojnivp broDEO door-kiiocki'P and dcwr-hanfULt^ of Ycmotiui wof k | Orioatnl (TDDOnaaiFf 
elnborakily uUiid,— 5y C. Scr<ue Dickint^ Esq. 

Antiquiliei found in 1S40 at Runpor Nuunpry : — Copper mlt rhalicc^ cnemoiled wilh 
lieod ai the SuTiDur aa^ cf llirtv angpl^ oa the cup^ iLnd witli (b(t four Svangcllatt 
on tho fool : a iToniUltnl flinl of lead; K^ret^loth in wliicb b body had bwn 
wnpped; rosary cif lirgu brads of ambor and ji^t; h BitinU crufiUix of gold; ft 
oirvidar aiJvcF bFooL'ii, inpmbiM), avb uauia ihQp hazaq, \ia^. i^ found in on 
oak coffin.— £^ Ruhert H. Birai, Etq. 

VartouH Roman Hnticiuitba from Bi^or ind alsewbcre: — Fmgaienta of pottery 
0lnrj|i>cdj i^TaO -, broAir libulit , boiii' piii» -, bruu£D ring4 ^ due ItU'a ; ixjlub — 
of Aiilonmua Piu*, friim Ciiiehentor — of QuintidQa, from liignor — Uomiciftn ind 
Vrapneian, from Jjlinfold, Ae.— iVoffl Jfr. 2", i/uByiuoorf, Jtwtkam. 

Bronze cult, fonEid ni Rovthoak ^ nnHont Aodding-ringf inriDribcd Insidct "A TC'Ttnoflfl 

wife pri'fltTvoth lifi.'," found nt Hurstpiorpoinl; bankiioto for t^ropcnoe, "Mow 

Bank, Horehflni, SuBftoi." — By Mr. S^fpherd. 
Eubbitig or u lrnis«« luli^Iv Touud At Tu'tiliurBl Church, of John Wjrbimio and his two 

wipes, liilO.—By the Rev. C. Oeant. 
Numriroiii cojnti and trodi^men'a tokens-^IFy Mr. Brown*^ Mr, Dmdeney^ ond Mr. 

Shepherd. 
Lftdj's dHiB af gold vid tUvor brooade j gentteman'^ cap ^ btofk silk boh*j vtth rilTir 

ulock, of the time of Qawi^ Anno. — By Mr. Naifaud. 
Oil paiatinc-n — Adoralfou of Mii^i, by Qenrd Douw ! Interior of Church, by Peter 

NoefH,— £y W. A. Camrnerfll^ S^fj. 

The Chairman, the Hon. H, Ciir/on, explained many of the nioal lui- 
port4xnt obj(*ct5 in this MuHcuni; and ut llic; Church of Horshmn, ofttnvjirdg 
viaileil. a concise hiatory of \U foundation and architecture was given by the 
Rev, Mr, Hodgaon. the rector; and of the tombs of Braoac aud Hoo, by 
W. Purrant Copper, Eaq. 

A Mu^fimnof iiitcreating objecta or Art aud Antiquities hadng been fonaed, 
in August, at Worthini^. priiieLpiJIy by tbe v.rfltotig oxertioOH of the Rev. W, 
R4:'ad mid the Rpt. F. Allen Piggott, the Cornmilli^e eonddered that it would 
be ugreeidjle to their membera to have an opportimity of visitintr it. They 
occorilingly jippoiuied H General Meeting there on Ihiiraday, September 6, 
The meinbcra of ibe Society who nltendeil were welcomed with the greatert 



RCTOHT. 



XI 



S, anil wore Ili^IiIv gnilifiM viUi rni iiiHiirolion of tlit vnripil (jlij;'Cla 
ia tlu? Towiihul!, The Higli SherilT, fieorge Coreitf GiliBon, Est^,, 
pivsiilej at the meeting, where — 

Wr, T40iTor r«id i'llra'tri from Ibfi priTat*! jnornnl flf Uptit^ MUIw, of Winkingliurit, 
Mr- BioiiU^ read exlr»etti from tbo t^itivit of iho gocHU beloncine lo tbe £ni^ht 

T(nn|>Un in tto udehbouthood of Worthing in tlie time of £flwitrd 1 1, Trom ft 

US, in Iho British Muieum. 
SorTH" b?(vutifTil pholoETftl'hft of nomtmonwaiit CmUc^ Prv^ioT CaatL>, Wakphtirtt 

Huufi^, Worth Clmrdi. East Grinpk^id CoUf|ro, A*,, wrro nth J oitwl nt tJic mwling, 

hDvinf b.wn libiTfiUj pnHeDr«] hj JJr, DiikiaDnd, who Uad rcOontlf ocoopLvd Ili*> 

olBtv of Iloflorarj" Pholof^rapher lo Iht* Socictj. 
The following dormtions hflvn been recciviul during the year : — 

ProHwdLDgi of the KUkonnj Arclifrilo^irid Society. 

Journal of Cbfvter ArL'}iaii>lo|rical Soiiel^yt port 3. 

Papani of Korfolk md Norwich Sonidj, rol. iv, part 3. 

PnxeedingB of tho Roj&l Irish Aotdomy. 

ProtTf:d]ng» of llic Sqci^C^ d« Anlquurca dts In yormaudb, S iirrftisoiUi pu U. le 

Proft^AHniT ChArmti, 
ProceefUngf of Ihc douicricuhire Society, 
H«cord» of Burkin^haiiishLTti, parl4 1, 2, 3, 4. 

ProLvodiuc* of thf E'lH-'K A r{:h«cD]D^cai Soc-ittT- 

BiographiHOfMrH Butlott, Ur. WiUsoti, &b. — fVr>n Joiji^nMoiH ifirg., F.S^. 



Tbe Acooonts for the yaa 1855 have been examiaed, and appear oa 

foUows ; — 



1S5S, RECETpra. 


£ #, 


rf. 


BaknM in hntid, Jnu. 1, 1655 


58 la 


3 


Annual 3ub»cirLptik>n6 . 


3fi3 





Life ComiKiBitiona 

Bouks Aotd - . . . 


20 





17 1 


8 


Dividdbdi on Thnw per Cimt, 






ToneaU . , . . 


3 19 


B 


BepiTTEii^t on account for- 






merlr advnnocd for repiin 






of Lewea Ca»Ue . 


50 







401 11 


7 


Eipcn^B . . , . 


3^3 1^ 


1 



I Balaiirr in ^iiknila of TrBOAurcr, 

Jon. 1^ IBOG . . . £17 IG 6 



PiTBTlWTa. £ ff. d, 

LewFB Oullo— £ r. cf. 

BepuirPfHiiriiian 11 18 5 

DavL'T and Son 27 B tO| 

Jo!i. bnvc; .20 4 3 

T,iC-PBPBonfl37 II 54 127 S 11 
Tn!En and mtes 3 IB 10 
ConlHiglftwcofte, 

liiKn, Imd ftnii- 

dnf» , , 13 2 6 17 1 4 
J. Eunwll Smilh, for printing 

and bindiiip Vul- Vll , 159 18 
Arljale,pBil!¥ for Val. VIII— 
Mr. Dullman £13 15 O 
Mr. rtting . 26 10 40 3 
AdTcrtiMTTcnU . . . 12 15 6 
pBTTvlf, poftnge BiampSi *Eld 

lundries . * 4 14 6 

Frinling lir>kBtH andclrcultrij 

and ftatiatif^rT - . D 5 3 

Horsham m^^tmg, jrHirrn^yB., 

0[nnibuw lo Worth, dinnCT 

tiblrs, clerk, and suudrj 

Cipt'UBM . . , , 10 18 H 

OTBrpaul in error, retunud . 2 O 



£383 IS 1 



lU RBPOET. 

The visitors to the Castle during the year 1855 were unusually numerous, 
amoimtiag to S651, including members. 

Lewes Castle Account : — 

1865> RsCEiPts. £ «, d. 

Bftlance, Jon. 1, 1S55 , . 45 7 11 
Beceired . . . 138 18 9 



1S4 6 8 
Pftid 159 13 8 



Balance <m 3tn. 1, 1856 . £24 13 



FAYlOVTTfl. 

Two jetn' rant . 
R«pud gencml accomit 
Wagee of ke«per . 
Tuee, Doalv, and sondiiea 



£ 


f> 


<^ 


61 








60 








87 16 


9 


7 16 11 



£159 13 8. 



Besides the amount of £132. 15«. lid. invested in the Three per Cent. 
Consols, there is in stock a Urge number of the former Tolumes published 
by the Society, the value of which may be estimated at £100. 

W. H. BLAAUW, Hon. Sec. 
BaiOHiiAiTD, January 1, 1856. 



NOTICES, 



The reprint of Vol. I, at 10*., and the Vols. IV, V, Vl, and VII, at 7*- 
each, may be had, on application, by Members. Vols. II and III are out 
of print. 

It is intended to make arrangements for holding the General Anuoal 
Meeting, in the summer of 1856, probably on Thursday, July 3, at Bodiam 
Castle, and for including visita to Echingham Church and Bobertsbridge 
Abbey on the ocoaaion. 



^M^m ^icfiacolosical ^ocietp. 



patron. 

nifl Gmco tlw 
DlTKK Of ElCHVOKI>, 

Lord Lieutenniit and 
CuAtoft Rot. 



The MiBQFi9 CAaiutJf, K.O, 

The Eaue, of Ai^cndel anp Subiibt. 

Tlw EiBL 01- BUKLINOTOK. 

Tbo EiBL OF CnicuEBiBa. 
T}ic Ka.rl DELAWiua. 

Tlic Einr. of SiiECtiEU]. 

LOBD VlHCOtST GlQE. 

LotI> TjLl-BlVF J>H \1>LABn>Kp F.SrA. 

The Lord Uishop of CHionteTEa. 

The Lord Bihsop or Oxroitit, F.8.A. 

Lo£i> AQTyocE. 

Lour CouuE^TEn. 

Ilj^lii Hon, Tiiuuj^ Husknti. 

Hou. ilEjfRr liHiND, M,P- 

Tiie IIdh. RoBttKT CcBJSOif, Jun, 

Hon, Hcsar FiTt-aoY, M.P. 

Sir JoQN P. BoiLEAC, Bart-, F.aA. 

Bir C. M. BriLELELL, Burt., M..P. 




Ilift Gmoe the 
Duke or Noktolk, 

Earl Mu-«]uL 



8ir JoEH TiLUEBsSHBi,XET,Bar1.tM.P» 

Bflor- Admiral SirHK^'BT Shi pfnkh, Bart- 
SirTuoMAa Mahton WlLSos, Eart. 
air Hkjoiy Ellis, K.il., RB.S.. F.aA, 
ThtVtiry Et^vMln: Dejs op CnicuKamt, 
ReT. Df. Hawteev, Prov.of Et<Jn, F.S.A, 

The Vonerablc Arclidcnoon GftBUBTT. 

HcT, John Goaiwo, Wiston. 

RcT- H. WellESlev, f -1>., Frinoipal of 

Ncn Tun IliJl, OEforcl. 
JoEX COBCETT^ Eiq., M r. 

W, R. SeTUOEIB FlTZOEHALD, EBq.* U,P. 

C. Hat Feewen, Ewj.. M.P. 
AreFUTUB Eluot FciiBit, Esq, M.P* 
P. NoHTH, Esq-j M,P. 

P- P. ROBERTBOM, Eb^-, M.P. 

Jon> LftlTToN, E»q-» F-S.A., Ac, Ac. 

ALEXAJrj>EB J. BEnBSFOQD HoPB, Esq., 

RS.A. 
I Axbeet Way, Esq., F-3.A., Hoil Sec, of 



Bir SranALD D, Scott, Bart., F.8.A- 
J- T- AucRLABU, Esq-, FJi*,A. 
R, W. BtHNrOttE, Eaq. 

Rev. IIeathcote Caa£P10W. 
Rtf*. G, M. CooPEii, 
Mnjor-OtfiPral F. DA.TiBa. 
BcT, E. Eedle. 
WiLUAic Floo, Eiq-, F,S.A- 



JUEI3 Ilui-bUj Esq, 

Rot, Dr, HotLiNP, Frcwntor of CH' 
Uarc Amtoss LowEi, Em,. F.a,A, 

KcF.M,ALO¥SlFHTlEEKlT,F.K.B.^Mi.A, 
RCY, W, TUBNTB, 



BTrtasurn.— Geo. Moliwbci, Esq., Old Bank, Levrea. 
RanoratD £icrclam,— V. il- Blaacw^ Esq., P.S.A,, Bcechlimd, Ucliileld. 



Rev. G. H. WooD^ Cluchcster. 
Rev. G, A, CLAHE!0?f, Ambi-rley. 
Rer. R. HjJMJOtr Ghkent:, Rognte. 
Mr, J. PuiLMT5> Wurtliinfi- [Brighton^ 
J. H. FlCfcFOHi*, Eaq-T M.D., M.EJ-A., 
Rer. T. MEDi-iNEi, Stiyning- 
W- BofiREH, E*q., Jun., Cofffbld, 
Ri'V. Cajiev BouKEii, nuret Pierpoint- 
Rcr. T- A, MaiieT!LV. Cuckfiey. 
Mr. W. Habtet, F.9.A,, Levea, 
Rcr, O-GiOaT, Uckfiria. 



Mr. J- M. RiCHAElBoN, Timhridgfl Wclli. 
UE»fiv SiVAfOS9, Esq., £§eaford, 

A. WulTEUJB, Esq., EftBlbmime- 

G. MnxER, Esq., Hailshom. 
Rpv. J- Gould, Burw»hh 
Mr. P. W, TirHHrflST, KhUIp. 
W. BeckwITH, Ejfq,^ HankLuritt 
T. BofiB, E^q., tlAfitingfl. 

CuABLEs HirEfi, E»q-« Ryo- 

Ur. J. Ru£&£iJ« Skjtit, Soho SquAre. 



XIV 



8U88BS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETT, 



M"^. — The • prffJUed dnolM lAft Cbrnpownrfcrj. 



Earl of Arundel and Surroy. 

Lord Ahmgi^, 

*Sir Robert SUaft<> Aitair, Bftrt. 

8ir J. U, AnTOii. Burt,, AviafQpL 

Mr- nmrb-n Adp, A^frifllon. 

Rp7. fl, Allm, Briglitoiu 

John Alfrce, ^^'^ bri^btoiL 

Kr- NclBon Andrews, llnatuigB^ 

Mr, T. ArkooU, LangimT. 

EeY.J.E^flhbT»B,A.,Frft.A.S-,Bri|Ktqii. 

Mlhs AlkyUB, Hustijietan, 

Th Altrcv, Eiq^ Bri^lOQ, 

W- W- Altroo, KKi^aftWtderof HmtiDgH. 

Mn. AucLkad, Lewefl. 

J. T. Auckland, Eaq., F.8.A., Lcw4s. 

Jobu Frtticii AuitcD, E»q-, Ciitr^ning. 

Earl of Biirlingtini, Compton PIaoc. 
•8[P John P. Boilcaii. Bart., F.S.A, 
8irC.M,BurTOll,Bt.,M.P.,KneppCMtIe, 
lTon> IIputj Brand, M.Ph, Gl^ntlu. 
BcT. E. W, Bwon, Ewbunt. 
Mr. O. P. Bacon, LtTW«. 
Hetitt Dailcjf Esq,, Codo SItccI. 
Rev. Etlffani Batii»lor, Chiddingfuld. 
Mr* Joi, BaQni»tfr, Hastings. 
K 3. Banks, Eaq., Rjo. 
Mr- John Bntih^^ HuLingH. 
Mr. Burbor, Wilhngfioti, 

F, Barrhard, Karj., Hor»l<^ Pl*>o. 
Donald Ban?tfly. Eaq,» Maylii'id, 
^dltCT O. Barktf, E*q.i Wurlliing. 
"W- BfttW, Eflq., Jon., Bright^m. 
SdffLrd llaugh. Esq., Liout^ BJi., Bait- 

bfumfc 
Mp. W. K. Bniler, Lt-ww. 

G, Bcnrd^ E«q.i Kottingde-nn. 
MiBe MnLJUlft iJcanl, Roltinj-^^ii, 
W. Beokwith- Kaq., Uiirnt Grocn. 
C- BelliiJ^liani, E^q^ Brigbton. 

MisB S. Bi^Uingham, Ryu. 

fV&nciB Ja0. BfUinghun, Esq., Boum, 

LintToln. 
Mr. T. BeiTj. Lbw«. 
BoT, Goorge Bolbuiw^ "Worth. 
Mi^B Bidliu^, HLi-Bluionroui.. 

t*W, H- Blaflu«, Ka^].. BoechluwL 
•Mra, Blaauw, Bpechland. 
*ULb9 Bloauir, BA<diUnd. [OxfoTd. 

•H. W. Gillinan Blasuw, Esq., CTh. Ch., 
B " ' " 
E 
J( 
: 



Her. Roll. BUkiston, Ashinglon Rectory. 

Bav. n- TbDmOH BliL^<ni, OuilJfonL. 

MiAfi Blake, BrJ^UtoTi. 

John Biakor, Eftij.^ LewCB. 

Ed^or Blukur, Ksq., I^ewp*. 

W,"L Blflkm*, Esq., Worlhlng. 

B. W. BienCDvra^ Eiiq.j The Hoakn* 



J, O. BJencowe, Esq,, Tlic Hooko. 

Ool. IjDnid&Lfl BoMnm, l<o>vi>F Rti«tin^ 

H. BoUopo, E*q,, Lo*tr Bfedjjig, 

EJword W, Bonhani, Eaq., C'abtu* 

MisA E. BonltDm, Chiulry. 

Mr. Edward Boon?^ Lowos. 

W. Burrer, E^q,, F.B.a., II*nfldd. 

W. Bomr, Eiq., JuTi,, Co*fi>ld. 

John Borrrr, Esq., Port«Udo, 

Nnl. Borrvr, Baq., Pskjuit. 

BeT. Carny Borrer, Hurat-Pierp^iol. 

Mrs. Bowdlor, Runcton, 

Clkarlep B-Jw^llcp^ Ebcj-, RiumlOD. 

Bev. F. A- Bon Ids, Singleton. 

Ker, W. Bt'odford, Storrington. 

Q. Burnelt Brandy E^^J-i BciiiilL 

C Bridg^r, Eikj., London, 

*Edn. Kynaeton Bridgi?r, Esq,, LondoD- 

Hct. Aid. 11. BridgDfl, Bonbatn. 

Wa»tt*J BrUco, Eaq.t Bi^hemia, IIa*tingB. 

Jolui BrkLun, JC^q.^ F-S-A',^-, London. 

Mr- Janif.'s Brood, Ij^wea, 

Rev- T, Brockmnn, Go™ Court. 

•Tbumna Bromlwond, Esq,, llolmbLieW, 

RcT. J, BroaJwDod, Ljuo, Eonbam. 

W. H. Brooke, Eaq. 

Rgt. Fi?lii Brown, ^topham, 

John Bruoe, Etiq., F.S.A., London. 

Rt-v. J. K, Bii(<k[and, D.D., PoHsenulvh, 

RJc^bBrd Rqnivjmb'', Esq ^ Brigbtonr 

Hov. W. BurtK-tl, TsnginHn?. 

Walter W. Burpfll,EHq-,WeBtGritiBteKl. 

Mr. Aldurmflii Cordj Hurrowa, Brighton. 

H. M. Burt, Eao., lx>nd£>n. 

Alfn^d BurEon, Esq., 8t. Loonard'ii> 

Decimui Burton, EsiL.. Loudou. 

Mr. E. Biit<-hGr, lioux-s. 

G. Slide Builcr, Esij. R/o. 

Mr. W. Button, Lonua. 

TKo Uarquu Carudcm, X,G., Bnjliam 

Abboj-. 
The Earl of CliidieBler, Stanmer. 
The Bivhop of C]ii4-h<»t<T. 
•Lord Colcbeatar, Kidbrook. 
I[on. R. Cnvoudish, Conipton Flaoc 
•Hoii.Koberl Cunon, Juii., Pai'liani Park. 
Tlio Very B*i-- the Buftii of Chiohcfltcr. 
John Cobbctt, Esq., M.P,, Loudon. 

Mra. Walt^ir Campbell, London. 

Wm. Gimpion, Eaq,, Dutnj. 

Iter. HuBtbf^off Campion, Wpstmestoii. 

RiJT. J> W, Candy, Little Hampton. 

Rrv. JamcH CarnL'gifi, St'aford. 

Mr- A- CapjM'nft'P, ilnBtirigp. 

Hcnrv CblU Enq,, Brighton. 

•W. Call, E(q., Bnghtoo. 



^^^^K SD33EX ARCH^OLOQICAL SOCIETT. ^^^^^^1 


&r. C W. C*fl«, Arlington. 


Rn-, R. K. Dertnii, C>At Blatcbrngton. ^^M 


Mr. Tt, OiatJleld, Lewi^. 


Mm- DoTLirell, Brigbton. ^^^^^| 


Mr. Alcxuidflr Cheale, Uckfidd. 


G. Si^raMe Dicken», Esq-, CooUiurfll. ^^^^^H 


Ciiicliealor Ijibrary Society. 


TiionuiB DJL-Iit% Ei^q, ^^^^H 


Tbomiu Cbirk, Ebq-^ Scn-iioikfl. 


RcT. HamiJtDii Dik?kfrj Seaforjil. ^^^^^| 


Rf* . Q-. A. Cleirlitfcrii, Aiuburlry. 


*C.W. Dilke,Eeq.,3][»ne3r,rwt]L0Eidtjii. ^^M 


Mr- J- }SartHT CliUbrd, Tunbridao WeHa. 


"0. Wcntwoiih DiLki.\ Esq. ^^^H 


Rubort Clulton, Btiq., RcLgnCe, 


W. Dilke, Esq., QiicUeAli^r. ^^^H 
Dr. D^ Bn^btoa. ^^^^H 


Henrj Cluttoti, Esq., Bcignlo, 


EdwAfd Cobb, ^^^-, L^^wca- 


HsDry Diion, Enq., Fr&akliUD. ^^^^H 
Ref. E. Dixon, Fvrrin^. ^^^^^H 


JoJm Colbalnb, K»q-, Bnghlon. 


Mr. J. ColbpMti, TunbriJge WcHi. 


Mfb, r. Dixon, Worthing. ^^^^^^| 


Ufa. CoL^ Ue»tmonoeui. 


Jtjhzi QeoTi^e DodsotL, Eivq., London. ^^^^H 


Robert ColP, Eflq., F.S-A,) London. 


C. Dorn«n, Esq., ^nnicols. ^^^^^H 


Rpv. J. Ciinfllfthlp, Rin^mcr. 


R«T. Stair Doiigbi*, AH^dr'n HAUne- ^^^^^H 


KeT- TflTQM C, Cook, Bnchlon. 
Ucuirj Cook, Eaq., BroitLlwAtar, 


Mr, John Dovker, Tanbrid^u Wolli. ^^^^H 


Aodrfitv J. Duylti, En^i-, Lewis, ^^H 
Mr. Jvbn Ducleney. L&wtf». tWelli- ^^H 
Robert Duncan, Esq., M.D,, Tonbnctge ^H 


Ebt. TUoma* Cooko, Brighton. 


Mr. II. E. Scott CoorabB, Rye. 


W.Durraut Coopar^Esij,. F-ti,A.,LoTiiL>n- 


Mr. Vf. Dyer, Little IlBinptaa. ^H 


Ffodcri^'k CoopiT, Eag,, AnjiideL 
Mra. W. H- Cooper, lirij;litoii. 


^^H 


Eflrl of E^ont, Cowdt7. [Evcniley, ^^M 


R<T, (>. llilpf Cc'Oj'Prj Wilmiogton- 


Riebt Hon, TliDfaaa Erakitic, Fir GnrVD, ^^^| 


RfT, Tullie Comthwflite, WilthaniBtow. 


6ir Ucnry EUU, K.D., F.R.S.. F.SX, ^H 


G. R- Comer, E^\., F.3.A., aourhwirk. 


Britieli MuHum. ^^^^^^ 


RflT. H. Cott<m'll. Brigblon Collpgp. 


R«v. Arthur Edini, Tioehimt. ^^^^^H 


a C. Courtbnppc, E«)., WUigb. 
Kflr. T- E. Cmllon, Wewick. 


Biclmrd Edmundfl, Esq., Worthing. ^^^^H 


T,Dver E<lwirdB, Eiq., Worthiiig. ^^^^H 


£dwurd S. Creiuj, E^q,^ London. 


Rev.'E. Eedlc, S. Bersl^.^. ^^^^H 


Mr, W. C. CrippB, Tunbridgo Vi'clifl- 


Mfljor-Geneml Ellicombt?, Wartliing. ^^^^^H 
Robert Elliott, E»q.j tliii'hifiter. ^^^^^^| 


BoT. P. G. Crotl*. MBlling Uouso. 
Jam» CrOflbjt Eaq.« London. 


Mr.^ Aldt-rmiLn Ellii, Brighten. ^^^^^H 


John Cro«bie, Esq., Hflilmgi. 


W.Smitb EE]i», Esq., Hunt-Ficrpomt. ^H 


Dr. CuDQlngbftm, HidlahiLiD. 


Rer. E, B. Ellmui^ Berniott. ^^^^H 


Mr. Jahn OunuHighoni, Lowes. 


Firdr^riek EllmATi, Eaq., Battle, ^^^^H 


H. MAKcalJ CurU.ns, Esq., WuidmiLl liilL 


Colond Elwaud, Clapton Frory. ^^^^^H 


Major Curteiv, Luadbmvi. 


Mi's- Elwrciqd, Clayton Priory. ^^^^^^B 




Mr. II. Miller EniHry, EiisLbaurnc. ^^H 


Eiri Dt'lflWBrp, Biickliuret. 


Mr- W- Eriirliab, Jun., itrigliton. ^^H 


Sir W. Dumvilln, Bart., Eastbowrna 


'Thatnai Eranh, Es^., Lj^irim^tvr. ^^^| 


Lady DotiiviUe, 


J.WflllerK.Eyton,EBq,,F.SA.,Ami»thiIl ^^^M 


Mr. Edff Ard Dakins, Feuibury. 


Square- ^^^^^^M 


George lyAlbiJic, Edi^., Lowub. 


^^^^^H 


V^y. Jo»o[>!i Dale, B^lnt^. 


W. R. Seymour Fitagerald, Esq., M,P. ^^^B 


R<iT. 0-. F. Dariiiil, AldiiigbDunie. 


Hon. Ilt:nry Fil^ruy, M,P. ^^^^| 


Goor^ Dorbv, Esq., Jun., Warblultm. 


C. Hay Frewvn, E^q., MP. ^H 


Rev. W. U, Db»^7. Chicliealor. 


A. Elliott FLiltor, K9<j., M.P-, Roao Bill. ^^H 


Mr. M'- Duvoy, Lowe*. 


Rev. S<-ptjinU9 Fairlfip, LurgirsalJ. ^^^^^H 


Mp. Jasepb Dnvfy, I*wtB. 


G. FnmiximbB, Esq., Bijhopston, ^^^^^| 


Mr. 'iTioreM Uovej, Southovcr. 


Mr. yi\ Famine, CU1C'. ^^^^1 


Mr. ThofDAfl Dflvey, L«wc«, 

Mr. E. J. DnHd, Tunbridgo Wclla. 


John Pi<t«pFeAron,E!q.,Ocknnd'-nHoiua- ^^^^H 
H. E. Yi^meM, Esq., WoTthing. ^H 


Worburtou Uavii^, Esq.^ J^mdori. 


Oeor^ F\i'U\ Elicj,, Aithunit Fnrk- ^^H 


Miyc*-G«ierel F DaviPR, DumOiurat. 


Jii.Field,EBq.,Doniiii9n,TunhrK^geWeIli. ^^H 


M™, F. Eft vie?, Pauehurftt. 


W- Fi^g, Esq., F,S.A., Lf^wi'd. ^H 


Jcbn Dny, Eehj., N"«wick. 


John F i I K^'vnJd , E^q., Co rpioalIaLt,3eafbrd.. ^^H 


W. AnaeM Day. E^q.. IladJow Hoiiw. 


lUv. \V. A, Fitzhiigh, Siiwt. ^^^M 


Mia* Dc&ltry, Bolnoru. 


W-U-Fitibu^b, Eftq., London. ^^^^H 


Mr. W. Ddvps, Tunbridgo WeUo. 


J. B. Flcl^hFT, Erq„ Worthing. ^^^^1 


E , S- Dendy , Esq, . Ron^i- Dra con , Aanmdfll . 
W- II. iJpUQdt, EBti, Woftbing, 


*John Cluirles FL'Icbt'r, Eaq., Dale Fork. ^^^H 


Rev. H, FoBlcr^ SdmestoTi. ^^| 



Xvi 808SEX ABCn^OLOGlCAL SOCIETT. ^^^^H 


A ugufitna W. FmrLkn^Efiii .^Brituh M UMiun. 


Her. J. Bum.<1l IlD:rl0y, CnUfleld. ^H 


•HuinphrojW.Fpwknd.Esi]., QiichwttT. 


IL Scott Qnjivftpdf E*q., Fdkiiigtoii. ^^M 

V,\ Abtou lliwl, Eb<i,, East QrinatHL ^H 


Pretlrric^ P. W. Ffi-Tiumi, lilf"q., London, 


Bor, P.FpeeiiHin, Millport, Oroenock. 


Mr- J Head, Li-irea- ^H 


G. French^ Eaq., KiHlea, liiwkKunt. 


R. 3. Hf^nning, Eim]., Tunbridge Wdla. ^H 


Thomna Fmwon, Ksq.j BrioknitU. 


Jiimos llonry, Eiq-, Bljukdowpr ^^^^^H 


MrW, F-FulW, Wt^rthing. 


G. E-UcDwoodf Kaq^ ^^^^M 


yi.Faenor, Esq., Bnghtoa- 


G llt'Uty^ K^-t C'bicht-ster. ^^^^H 




Mrs. Il<<pbai-ii^ The llooke. ^^^^^| 




Rev. F- nepbum, Cluilcf- ^H 


■Job. flepbuni, Ettq., TurviU PUoc. ^H 


O. Gutty. Kwi-. F(*lliridgo Pirli, 


JoAse Stonlinm JIcBai'll. Kiq,, B56. ^H 


Kerr. C.Gaunr, lAflelJ. 


■RsT. J. W. Hi'wtt, Bloxau. ^H 


F, ILGcll, Kkj-, Lcwtw. 


CUarlo* Hiok^, Eaq-T Ejt. ^H 


Tnigo Gcll. Eaq-, Lowei. 
Gi-ori^ Gent, L>iq,, Wilnijnglon. 


Mr. Kl^ HickB. Bvb. [Hoifbty. H 


Cliap]^ nill,E»fi., E-S-A-^Th^Boekih Wat ^1 


C U i Lbon , Entf ., Jl iol iiu 'tn Mtf i-nld, Vp pton . 


iToUn Qillmaii* Esq., Lo*n<4 ^^M 


Gordon M, IJdta^ Esq,, LanJon, ^^| 
B«T, IL Ilonr?. Fr3in)kld. ^H 


fiurwi>od G^'idlix't K^q,, Lowl'b. [Lodge. 


Mm, GaI^I■'l■, Xi'wLlii^bur, 


Ro*. H. R. Ifu&PC, B^'Tillpy, Fnrnboin- ^^M 


W">Oorh»m, E«i-, TiiiibrnJ^p', 


R^F. W, Hoan*, Onfcficld. CrawleT- ^1 


BiTv.iIolin U<inn^, \V intern Turk, 


Mr. T, Uollnniby, Tunbpid^ \V>il*. ^^^M 


W«. IT. II. Ooprinffj *'fthpd. 
Mr W-Oonlli-K, IIPMlUUdld. 


Rbt. Up. Hailflnd, BriglitOYi. ^^^^^H 


Rtfv. T. A. Holland, Fojningi. ^^^H 


Mp, C, it, OiiTi^h, Ifnilofl-nt. 


Mifls Eolliel, Midlmret- "^^^^H 


UiTV.-luiviili (Jould. ttijr^'ai?h. 


llonrj ITolTTian E^q.. East Hontlily. ^H 


Jimm Oow, KiL|, i''i>4Tl<Tft Turk, 


•Alfi, J. Bermforti Hope, E»q,, Bcdgbury ^M 
Gwrgu HujHT, E»q., TlivridiUL [Park. ^M 


J, Gnlmn;, Kik|., l^ritllxjiirtiiTp 


John (Imlinrn. Kpq , Hncldori. 


Jolm Ifopop, E»q,, Sliermaiiburf. ^| 


BdT.H.Hop.^r, Porttlndp. ^M 


Mr Wftlt/'i- r. GmnviUo, Upk^Uton. 


Bicliard llopcr, Esq-, London^ ^^^^^H 


W.G K.OrDtvrirko, Ekii,, Ifiim QOU0& 


Mr- T- Horlon, Levp-ra. ^^^^^| 


Iliigh IlUi^bea, Esq., Woodgnto, ^^^^^| 


Iliomn-i Orntc<ly, K"]., Cowfold. 
A, 8r UiToim, lilni],, Malliitic, 


Cftpl. lliill, B.N-, St. Loonftrd's. ^^^^B 


Mre. lluiiT, 3licnnanblirj Pflrk. ~^^| 


K(*v. IL llfldtloii Gri'<'iii-% Riipilu. 


BrmarLl ITntif^j'-llmii, E^q., Lcwcb. ^^^^^^ 


J, flrirrn^riw, lU^., CowWd, 


J. If, HEirdi^, Eiq , SoTithnmpton. ^^^^^^| 


Williiin Gmnor, Eiq., Uiutingd. 


Mrs- }lurdiB, SoiitliaiDplon- ^^^^H 




Eilwnrd Husspt, Esq., B<\itnpy Cnitla. ^^H 


Jobn nncikner, Bsq,, Islm^an. 


Rot. Arlliur ITiKueir, Ri:i1lingd(!aii. ^^M 


V'QliHD Hall. G*q,, Pinilmo, 


B. 0. ILu^iy, Eiq., F.SA., London. ^1 


W. lUll, KrK|,, Tunbridgo Wella. 


Ri-v. C. E. ITulf-hiuBQQ, Firlti. ^H 


W, UaU, Eaq-. BnKlH^^ix. 


Bflv, v. Hutdiin*on, West Deaa ^H 


BtT. 0. IlnlU, Lliii^ Ilfnningloti. 


BeT. Thomas llutdiijion, DilehUng. ^H 


John AleiariJ^r Unnki-'j, Esq,, Itnlcomlje. 


C. RodritT ITinUrj, Esq,, Qnwmbpidgo ^H 


Rt»- Luvrflon Vomon Hsrcourt, Nc^blIIi. 


Mr. C. II_Vde, Worlhine' [P'^''- H 


Au^ijituJ Uarv^ 1^^^ Ik^rarmonrem. 


Mr- SmgCT Hjfde, Worlliin^. ^| 


Ti. lIarn[rHr>^B» K'H., Tiiribrirl^o \W'I1b. 


^H 


Rot. J. Harifloii, Svitt^n PJatm, yi-aford. 


MrA- In^m, Ades, Ashcombe. ^H 


Et^^-JoliD Jlarmfln, TliPuboVli, Ilorts- 


Hiigb ItLgrani, Kitq., atiTjnliig. ^^^^H 


**l<*opy(* Ilnrringlnn, E*ij., NynjunB. 


^^^^^H 


^^ W. llirrii, Ebcj,, W<^rtllmg, 


Misa Jookson, BiigliLon. ^^^^^| 


^^M yV. II, Harrisou, Esq.^ Comlii'rwtll- 


Mr, IT- ildTi-cv-f -Tan.. Lrirca. j^^^^H 


^H F UnrtwfflU E^q., London. 


Mr W. Jenntr, L«H«e. ^^^^^| 


^H Mp. \Villu«n JTarrey, F,S,A.. Ltwes. 


W. Jollondji, Esq., Bux*ljalk ^H 


^H Itrv. O. B. Uat Unnd, Wnrbl^toll. 


TU\-- J. Jollands. ^^| 


^^1 *fti-v. K. lljiwkmB, Lutiberhupsl' 


Kdw. Jobn^QDi Esq., ChiL'btntcf- [ITt7USS. ^H 


^H M.lftjwoort IInpLtnf,K»q., Hi^orPurk. 


Bi-T. E. Lullmmi JoliDdon, Brndi^rlou H 


^^^ 'lU*, Ht. Hnwlrrj, Provost of Elou, 


B^r- E. H, Jolinflor^ ^ 


I V.H.&.. 


Jcbo JoUBB, Esq., FldHiuig. [diilp, i 


■ R*j*. J. BjnvU H^ylfj, Bngbtling. 

B^ - 


Ktv. Hctirj Joues, MotUuu-in-LongdBLi- ^ 



^^^^^^^ StiaaEK ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETT. xvit ^H 


Rpv, X E. Judaon, LindBcld 


Kdt. T. Meillnn'), Steyuing. ^^^^| 


Mr, Robert lull. Tunbrnle* Walls. 


Miflfl Mdnl, Henfivld Lodge. ^^^H 


W. Pi/lLLll KcU, RiHi-, Ltfwoi. 


Ruberl MLTL^rr, Enij,, SfddkacOmbo. ^^^^^^| 


Mr. S. P, Kell, Battle, 


Mifls Mvrncka, Runoton. ^^^^^| 


Murtimer lu-tflon^ Esq,, Tolliiiigfoii, 


FranoiB Mewbum, Esq,, DarlinglaQ. ^^^^^H 


Mm. Philip KrDiji, Folklngtoa l'lAoe> 


Rot. W. MicUell, ErigLton. ^^^^H 


Mre, Kitifi, Coafcs. 


H. ti. Mintj, Esq., Pc-tersGoId. ^^M 


Ucnrv King, Kiq., Majfleid. 
R^v, MoitB Xm^>, Lung Crik^iilL 


WilliaraTo*nl*yMitf»>rd, Eaq^PilteHill. ^^^M 


Tbiimna Kirg^ Ksq.y Jud., Bncliton- 


Ofyjrge MoLineui, E^q,, Lcw». ^^^^^H 


Rcv. H. M. Kirby, MajfioiJ. 


Fre^WiL'k Mohneui, Csq-^ Lo?^. ^^^^^H 


W. Kirlpnirick, K^q., Brighton. 


W. Coiirl^nay M-irlmd.Ea^]., Court I^idga. ^^^^^B 


Joseph Knight, Eeq.| East La^atit. 


Mr», Monk, Li-woa, ^^^| 




lFL<nry Mctun, Er^q,, M-D-, BrJ^Utun. ^^^^^H 


Sir Cliarlea M. Ijunb. Bart., Beauport, 


Frederick Mor(,>an, E^., lleiiihrld. ^^^^^| 


Mr. Wm. Luutbe, Lewes. [ton. 


Mra. Mostyn, Brighton. ^^^^^H 


Rov. L K. Munn^ AaliburnUnm. ^^^^^H 


Q. H. LftTiCi K*q-, Wealininatur. 


F. F. Lingbiij], Enq., Ilndlines- 


^^^^^H 


Q. m. Lanpndflu, K^-^^, Tuubnilga WcUb. 


*T1lo Duko of fTorTolt, K.G. ^^^^| 


ReT, IL LntliikLD, Fittlcworlh. 


Rt'T, ChariM ^S\ A, NspitT, Wislon. ^^^^^H 


T. b\ pI. Lmiflin, Eflq,, Itri^liton. 


}1. F. >Bpper, E^\., Uuildrord* ^^^^M 
R«v. W. L. Nk^hols B«Ih. ^^^H 


'WdliaiD Lnn', Ksq-^ Briglilon. 


Jaiura Lavrrencp, K^q-, Battlo- 


0. J. KieholiOD, Eaq,, Homsey. ^^^^^| 


Charkitf Lanrctic^i »i]-, Buille. 


Mrs, yicholHon, Lcwea. ^^^^^| 


J. "WiM Jjiwsojt, E-iq., CflmbsrweU- 


Mr. J. KoalfH. Chitliiiu^ly. ^^^^^^| 


ll«T» W, Leea, TunbriJge WcUj. 


Cnpt. Nobl^ Foirat, Lcdgf^ MiireBlluIii, ^^^^^| 
Fix'ik'riLk ^urih, Esq., MJ'.. ITafitijigi. ^^^^H 


n. E- Lrgj^E, Gaq,, Lnvaut. 


Rov, H. Le^» Lavuit. 


Rt-r, W, Nourpfi, Clnpham. ^^^^^| 


Jjpwca Library. 


Th E. NoyeB, Esq., London. ^^^^^B 


•ThoraM Lawin, Esq., IBdd. 


Ti Horbt^rt NDy9B,Eflq.,JuD-, HomvOffldc- ^^H 


ReT. Jo[m Lev, Wildron. 


^^H 


J. Lindridge,Eiq., Hasting*. 


■Tht^Bi^hopof Oxford, VicpPrea.Scic. Ant. ^^| 


Lt.-Col. &. K- Carr Llojd, Lancing. 


P-0'Ca]lAg1inii,Kiiq.,St.Lttauatd'i-oii-SeB. ^^U 


Miss Tylnijj Lung, Aibtjurue Plaiv. 


Rer, John QIivi^, Udlingly. ^^H 


Mii^^EiDmaTTlDr^Long, Albourtie FJaoo. 


Qeorgf Olliter, Esc{., Kingston, Worthing. ^^H 


St*plirn Lowiiell, Enq., Ltiwon. 


Mn. W. OILiuEn-, Courtlnncla, ^^1 


Mr. M. A. Lower, F.S-A., Lewes. 


Rot- AugUBlus Or1ebar,FnmdiAh, co.Bcdf, ^^^| 


Mr, R, W, LoffiT^ Lewi"B, 


*K. L. Onuerod, Keq.^ M.D^, Brigtiton. ^^^^H 


J, 0, Luxford, Esq,, Hii;bara> 


Mr- W. Oaboru, Arundel. ^^^^^| 


Rev. G. Luifordj IVIplmti], 


Archdaacon W, Bruori! OtEor, Cowfold* ^^^^^| 


ilr. John Lucu, liongi. 


'Frcdpric Ourry, Esq,, F.StA., London, ^^^H 




Henry TraT^rs Oweiij Esi;-, Frauklands, ^^H 


Hon. FraitciH 0. MoUncui, Earls Court, 


Lindfleld. ^^M 


Lady Miller, Frojl* Park. 


^^H 


Mrn. Mabbct, GouLhoTer, Lewes. 


Sir Worrdbiae Parish, K(., St. Lronard'a- ^^H 


Rov, T. A. Maberlj, Cuckfiad. 


Edwardllenuuni? Paget, E?q.,L^t.Lpondrd'a. ^^^| 


'Rev. J. Onuauney M*Carogtt#r, Xutliurat- 


Henry Ppdvit^lr^ E^q., Horaham. ^^^^^^^ 


John M&erflP, Eaq., Lowep, 


Colond Paine, Patcliain. ^^^^^M 


F, Uaaninj:, Esg., L«iiTiiingtom. 


Mifas Paine, BrightJio. ^^^^^^H 


Rpv. C. R. Mniining, Diab, 


ComeljiLa Pnini', E>k|,, Jun.^ Surbtton, ^^^^^H 


J. H. MarUiitiJ. Esq., D.C-L., Batli. 


W- D. FaiuD, Eaq., Kf^ieate. ^^^^^H 


W. N. MunhuU, Etiq., LoudoiL. 


llr- AU'iamtor Pajjic, Hantingf. ^^^^^^H 


Mr. ThomM Martin. Clitfc. 


T, Fapillon^ Esi]-, Crowhiirat Park- ^^^^^^H 


Philip Martiiii'uu, Esq-, Fuirlight Loiigf. 


Rer- Ojarles Purker. BcdiAui- ^^^^^| 


Mr. W- lJjxvlt]j Mason, Cliiirhcslor, 


Edmird Parkinson^ Eoi^r UrigliEun- ^^^^^^| 


Jamea MaaqUtTLL-r, Erq,, Brighton, 


Rev, M. Parringlont Chidie^tn'. ^^^^^H 


Joseph Mflver, Eaq,, F.S.A., Li¥*^rpgyh 


Riyv, Edivard Parry, Battle^ ^^H 


Lifful. Col- McQueen, Cliailc^. 


Mir- J. L- FancLns, Lev^s. ^^^H 


Mrs. McQuLt-i), CliaiU^j. 


Mr. C. Pnrtons, L^wes, ^^^^^M 


Mrs. Majo, Flumpton- 


Henry Futon, Esq-| WiMtdean. ^^^^^| 



XVIII 



Srssra ASCflfOLOGlCAL SOCIBTT. 



Hrcrr Penfnld, Em]-, BH^Ioil 

fin, H, P>;4)«^, OuMtfii^. 

Jobn PhiUipfl, Kn^^ Hwbo^ 

M Jobn Phillipt, Wofthioc. 

RiffJurd Fhl1}vt, £n]^ OffT)flm."Bn£litoo. 

J. n, Fiftfoni. Es-, M l>, M BI^ 

Rj-r. It W. fWpclt^^ KuCbobf™-. 

R«T, Frvudt Albn F^pitt, Wortfamg. 
Mtu Pilkingiott, SlMpvkpk^ 
R«r. C. Pilloi^toR, CUdkMlv. 

•B«. r. Pitmaii, EastboiinjA 

K«T. W. Pliiotm^l, nontalE^TiML 

K, PoUuU, E*ii-, Britfh^yi- 

Uf*,. PoBlUrlliHiiilu, lUninf. 
iUt- T, Bfcirn Powrii, Ncwirt 
K^-*. \ViU>*ni I\}wi-Ik, Xn-iok, 
Jniiin D- PoifcU. K«|,, Newi^fc- 

CIuf1i>* PoMctt, Kifec),, Sprlillturst 

It**. J. P. iVmer, l*Iaar\Vight> 

Ur. JcMf-|ih l*iix<^n| BmDflhlfj. 
Kft. John rmu 8*cUltfttMnnb«. 

C, Priiuv, K^^i, Jan.. Uckfldd. 

Tfiv Diiko [>r Ittohnioml. K.O. 
Pnrrt0kl'\Ro(»rt«an,K«4,M.P.,Hutaip. 
R <}. lUiXT, K«i|., CliirhrvUr. 
Hi'T ^VMUAnl UmJ. WoHliinf. 
li^'V. H. U'l'ki^ ,\ iiffnumuir, 

LI. llilKiiii Uj<<liiiTilii4rri« K»i^, iWlaiulji, 
Mr J ^1. U.-'hiir>li>.iM, Ti]n1>hil^i^ WVllo 
■rifiriiui'l UinLfirilt. ICio , HUnJ^nmr, Aiituii, 
J'lhji Kl"liiiinri, Khi,, Loi, Ijrttva< 
Jbi K rtMiilnli-. r.thiitfltjTi, 
*ll«f. IpUU ll-lN'rlanii, lUi*r, 

Ml W K. It'll , hnKl»'"ii. 

1'- J' I U'H,i4, ll.iJ., N»«loll. 

t,im VV Jt>'|ij>r« |U| , Jliivliim, 

41 ii..*.im^ i'l'l . I U'lFI, 
' flu-*, V"l, Uitmiht^t, 
W' ' M...-.I- 1 

i' J' i')4iim Ijiiilifif, 

|4 J < I I II 






I i'*li*|| 



"nMTf HtffWf'W. 



Hjisr S«ad)nB, Wftihmeton. 
r. T. 8mi^, Ekj^ Alfri«on. 

Idnnd Em* Scott, W. Bn>1]loti. 
X D. Soott, Em|^ PdekbADi Qrove. 
Moattn D. Seott. X«q^ BnghKm. 
fivr. TboDM Bovlt, f tdnn^add. 
O. ficHffSii, Kh^ HMtA^. 

X J. ffiMW, Kvq-, CbirLnW, 

BcT. E. J. Sdwjn, Bbu-klrath. 

Ww^ai8atMMw£»q^Curkfldd Paiir.- 

VilBMA fielOT, ^, WKiWaJL 

W. Diw Lucv ShHiwTill, Ew., FurliEhft 

Jobn fib«^ E«q^ TunbridH Vdk. 

HttcvlM Owp*, Eaq^ 0>Uuidi,B«ldlM- 
combe. 

B«v. Jobn Slim, CkxLr fi»tfin. 

Fmocn Sberi^ Kn|^ TDDbnd^ Welk, 

T. D. Slwpwd, E«q^ FuIkinjtoD, 

RvT, O. ^LiAmt, Amrnrt. 

BcT. a. Cr^tcm Shiffiier, iluju«j. 

wkkihin. 

J' T- 5JiDeaf Efq^ Bri^hroD- 

Hoirr Simmonti, E«q,, SaTiJTd. 

T. Foi SimpBon, E^q., Titnbridn Wdk. 

Bct- H- W. t<imp«n, BeihJlL 

J- H- Sbitpr, Esq. Kr-ick Pirk. 

Miu SUtor, Nevii.-k Park. 

Wdlimm ^Utc^, E«j., Lobdozt. 

I!. L. SniBle, Ksq., A»hurM Lod^' 

RcT. J. SdDAltpiocf, Chiolittter. 

CliarW SiiiUh, Esq., Bja 

Sftjimcl Smith, E*^., ChaimrD Dam. 

W, F.»niw Smithr, E»q., BH^btou, 

AHluir Smilli, Knq,, Pai HiU Pnrk- 

F™nciB emilli, E»q., SoU Ilill. 

Her. Gavin aiiiiib, LL.D., RoliingdeiD, 

Ro», Hcnrr Sruilli, D*nanorth. 

thom^t SiuiDi, Kftj., Tuiibridge Well*. 

Mr- J, Rm-i-II ?ar»ii!i, Lon,iou. 

Mr. Jaliii tfrcjirh, L<*wii. 

MjiIIJiow tihoiili-, KiH|,, Uiii'biwtef, 

Ki*T, .TiniHfili Siirlnin, Hi-i^liiniL 

Wr, H. SciiiIIu'i-lI,'Ii, }lniWinni, 

Ml". J, H. f<juiii|.'j, nriifUtou. 

JO, Htimfuni, JC-ii,, MJnuiibim- 

Hi'T, 10, NUiiill^bL M^il., Prorao 

Jr*!* A. Hr«i.1, Ovlnffilmn. 

W H||.>]ri„iri, ICi*!., T,iii.. norahuiL 

Mr J>i||ii Htimnin^, Ij«w(ia^ 

W Jf; Hi-w*-um, iC-j,, 'I'uiibridg* WflUfc 

M>t)jFp U H|L^ri.|i«c>ii. T.miruM Wood, 

J P MiLilwall, ttiq^^BttOo. 



^^^^H »U8S£X ARCa^OLOOtCAL SOCIETY. TIV ^^^H 


Min Stone, HortmioDoeiu. 


G. H. M. Wiigner, Esq., St. IfOnard'H. ^^^H 
Jobn lli?nrj Wagner, Eftq-, SoddlcHC^onibQ. ^^^^H 


Brr. Jobu StreMtJmld, Uokflflld. 


Kev. S.. 3. SuLton, Hype. 


*W. &. IVairurd, E:i>]., F.B.A-, LondgD. ^^^^M 


MiM StmPi LiDil£eld. 


•W. H, Wnll. E^q., PFDtburv, ^^^H 




Rc7. W. Wu[ling4!r, Tunbridgo WfllEfl. ^^^^H 


I^rd Talbot do MalaKid?. 


Michael WaH!*, Esq., Mnjgcld. ^^^^H 


Hon. Mr$. Tliooiftft, West Wifrkham. 


S. .Tevkea Warabey, Esq., Brighton. ^^^^H 


Sir CliarlflB Tuylor, Bart., HoUTcomb*. 


WiiUam WanHcy, Esq., E-S.A.^ Bognor. ^^^^H 


Ubt. J. C. \V. TMLar. 


Her. W. Watkins, C^icbml^, ^^^^H 


W, Tanner, Em., Fal'^hflm. 

B«T. Kalpli B. Tuthani, Dftliinglon. 


Robert Wattd, E^q-, Battle. ^^^^1 


Jamoa Watts, E^q., BatUf. ^^^^H 


John Terry, Eaq., "Briglilon. 


«Arb<irt ^Vnj. E^q., F.S.A., Wonham. ^^^^H 


FrcBHian TlioniOA, Esq., Ralton. 


G. Biib Wfbb, Eeq.^ London- ^^^^^| 


W, Brodrick Tlioino&, E*q- 


Frederick ■\VebjT''r, E*q., Buttle Abbey. ^^^^H 


Hev. Arlbiir Thnmftp. Ri>ttir;^deiiu. 


Mr«. Weinkes. Hursl-Pieriioiiit- ^^H 


IUt- R, ThontEioiL, MiJ Lavant, 


•RJL'liatd Wcekos, E^q,, FIursl-PiBrpoiut. ^^^^M 


W. ThoniBDii, EBq.j SydcnJianii 


GL^rec Werkcfl, Eaq., nu.ret-Pierpoint. ^^^^^^| 
R^, W- W<>guc]in, South Stok& ^^^^1 


Thomas ThiiTston, Esq,, Aflhfard- 
Frederii^k Tiarhumt, Ebcj., Hutings. 


Hamflon Weir, E^q., Piickham. ^^^^H 


llr. F. \V. Tic^oliuFst, Buttle, 


Rtfv- H-WcUcalpy,D.D.,PrincipnIofNew ^^M 


J. Tillcj, Esq., Burmub. 


Inn Uall, Oxford- _^^^H 


IW. M. Aiovaiufi Tienicf , F-KhS-iKS-A. 


G. F- Wf^t, l!:Bq., Pinner. ^^^H 


Mr- Haatj Whitlfly, Tuabridgo WvUa. ^^^^H 
R^, W. \VltuoIeT. ^^^^1 


IUt, F. EmPBt Tower, Eirkbj ItaUorj. 


MiM Tourle, LurgcabolL 


K. WobBt^r WliiitloT, Esq., Ridgu. ^^^^H 


•J. J. ToTirle. Eiq., Tendon 


AlTml Whittmnn^ E&q., Eabtboiimo. ^^^^^^| 


RipjLord Trew, Esq,, Stpjning, 


T, WhitlifM, Ee^., Lpwn- ^^^H 


Juho Tribe, Esq.^ Steyning, 


On^rgo ^^ liilDdd, E^q,, Lcwt-a. ^^^^^H 


W. Foard Trilw, Esq.. Worthioff. 


Ri^T. 3p4?iLeer D. Wikle, Flet<:hiiig. ^^^^^| 


R^T. T. T^ooh^ Brighton. 


Rl*v. C'alob ^Yillumg, NeAvhATen. ^^^^^^M 


B, Tmttcr, Emj-, Twj TorJ Lodge. 


Ruv. W- DoHjitfl WiU>>> ElHiod. ^^^^H 


Her, J. C. TuHhtU, Edburton. 


J. Ifevetjon ^ ilion^ Em]., Worth. ^^^^^H 


Misa Tuppcn. LinditQld. 


R. Wo11a»ton, Eeq-, Eei^t^. ^^^^1 


UartiR Firquliar Tupp^r, Esq-, Albury. 


11. Wooil, Edq., DviDgdedn. ^^^^^^| 


Rot. H. Turner, MBn^field. 


G&OTge Wood, Esq., Loveis. ^^^^^H 


Bar, TbomoH R- Tum<.-r, llanJhnm- 


fioiLrT Wood, Eaq.^ Tunbridge Wi^Ha. ^^^^^H 


Bff7- W- Turner, Boigrcva 


John WixkU Esq., Bit'k^lond PIbop, ^^^^^| 


J, Singer Turn LT, Esq., Cbinkin, Seifard. 
NiChoUa Tyacte, Eaq,, M,D., ChiobcBtcr- 


Bev, Q. n. Wooda, Sbopiryke Koiue. ^^^^^H 


Jo5«pli Woods, Esq., r^'wes. ^^^^^H 




Mra- WorHlnard, Udhnglv- ^^^^^H 


MrH. EdiDund TAllaiifrf} Brightt^i. 


Miae P- Woodward, Ui:kfiidd. ^^^^1 


Re¥. E. VenfibUtt Bum^hurcb. 


C, A. AVooIley, Esq., Lewca. ^^^^1 


Enieno Essex Vidnl, Esq., HallBltan. 


Mra. \^'oollgar. Len«. ^^^^^| 


H«T. F. Vtnoeiit, aiinfold. 


Rlt. J- G. Wreiiob, D-C.L., Sulehurat ^^^H 


Bert, T. S. Vogan, WnlbcrtoD. 


ThoiDfu Wrighl, Eaq-, F.S.A-, Brompton. ^^^| 




RpT. John J- P- Wyalt, Ha^tJ^r, Bagi^hot, ^H 
*Hugb P?nf(dd Wyalt, Ei^q,, CiBBbury. ^H 


Earl Waliii^groT6, [PlaCD- 


Ltdj Viot^rii Lcng Wdleetej, Albourae 


^^^^^^ 


Hod. and Rev- HegiaiUd SackiiUo Wi^itj 


Tbomas Young, Eeq-, Ciimb«nveUj ^^^^^H 


Withy ham. 
BawBger Lady Webflt.pr, Batllfl, 


Kev. James Young, UeaibHdd. ^^^^^H 


Edmund Yonng, EiMir, Sloyning. ^^^^^^| 
R<;t. Jidian Young, Fairli^btn ^^^^^| 


Sir t. Marjoa Wiison, Barl., Seflrloa. 


Ur- Jouph Wagboo, Buxtod. 


Tbonuu BlackmBD Young, Kiq-i Hutingf. ^^^^H 


5?cnorart 


f&tmhtrs, ^^H 


R. Broton, KBq>. PeTonHj- 


Mr. Tijomas Outon, Levee. ^^^^^| 


M^ Charma, Pr^sideat d« AuiiquaircB do 


M. I'Abbe Cochet, Diej^pe. ^^^^1 


yormandie, Cbdd- 


Cbartirs Roauh Smith, Eaq-, F^.A., ^^^^1 


HuiibWdcbDi&inond»Eaq..M.D., Hono- 


^^^^^^1 


rary Pbot^graphnr, W nods worth. 


Hot. F. SpurroJl, ralkbnrn. ^^^H 



XX 



SUSSEX ARCBJEOLOGICAL SOCIKTI- 



L That Ibo Soricty »hAll aroid oil lopioi of religiona or poliiiMl contporcray, and 
tWI ivniAm iDtlepoDclent, Ihough viJling to oo-opepfttf with uniUar Socdetioa hy fiiend' 
cojDm Lin icat ic □ . 

2. TiiAr the Soclrty shnU can>i*t of Momben and HoRonuy Membera, 

3. THir randidiitM for uliniB»^ian be propoMi &nd seconded bjtwo Mpmlwrv of I 
SoPLol^, bTid rieotod at ■□; Mnting of ike Ccmmitio^ or- st a GeDaral MeeUiig^ 
bltck ball in Hw to cxi-JudOp 

4. Tqat tlie Annual Sub«?riptioQ of Ten ShUlinga ahall botome dup on tbe Ist 
of Jnnuarjt cir £& be pni^t in liru ihi-ivuf, ab n fXrtupOfltJoii fur Uf& ^ubscripliciii 

be paid fit Ilie Lcw^ Old Bank, or bj Post'oilli^ order, to Oiosas Uauascr^c* 
Esq^, TreABurrr, Loni-B Old Bonk, or to aof of the Local SecivUnes. 

&. That Mombera of either lioute of ForJiAmcnt flhUl^ on tK<coming Hnnbcrfl of Iba 
Hof-ti-iy, bi> pliuHsl DiL thp lilt of Vice-PrNidonra, fcoJ olao 4Ui:1i ollipr pflTtona B> II10 
Sociulf maj di'Iennino, 

6. TuAT tlio AfHiiri of the Society he fondurtod bj 4 Ccmniitlfi; of Mnnagrmput, to 
c?ti[iBiBl oflhe Pulroiif the I'Tceidexit, Vifc-Prcoidciil«, ITonoroTT SttTctorr, Lc^ial Stforo- 
tariespii Treosuivr, and nut Lva than twelve otlier Mi'titben, who shall be cho»cn at thi 
Gmieral Annutd Mivtiug ; three Members of suoh ComTtiitiec to form a Qtjorum, 

7. That at erery Meeting of the SocioiF, or of the Commitlco, iho rcsoluiionfl of 
the rnajurirjr prra^mt »hal] bs bindings thoitgn all j«monB vnhtled \a vote he nut pmmF-_ 

8. TiTAT n Qmend MooCinR of tho So<?idy bo beld aimnollv, in July or Augunt, u 
niT boa|n>oint«(lby th(<Oon)ni]ttoi>^at someplsivrendGredintcrGBtiDgby its Antiqm1j«i 
Or jlifliiTiciil AoauisifllioHB, in *hc Easlom mid Wealern Djvisiouaof tho County altn^ 
iui4^y I ADch Omi^rit] Mupfing to hitre powrr to miki^ ^uuh nltorationa in the Rules 04 
a fUHjorilj msij dctDrmlun, oa notice Ibcreof being ono month pj-evtouily givBQ to th4r| 
Ctiinrnittn*. 

&. TiT*T n 9|iPdinl Qi»TiPr*il Hnrfiog Tnny ho tTtmrmmfil hj the Swrotflry on thi 
pftjuiiition in writing of fire Memhvn, and either Iho Pnlron, Presidflnt, or two VJco* 
l^midoiiii, A^vif^inif tho Bubjfxt To bo brought forward fur dnriaion at auch Mcetingi 
and Buch suhjcot onlj' to bo then eoniidoHd. 

10. Tii*T Iho Commitleo Ixavo power to admit without ballot^ on tho nominntion of 
Iwo Meinbofflj any L^iy wlio may bo drairoiiB of becoming a Meniber of the J^odety* 

ll* Tn*i' ibo Comniiltw have pwwpr to appoint as Honorary Member any person, 
inohiding fur^igntn. Likely (o ]>ro]nolo tSte interc?h1a of Ibo Society, s»i-]i Bonomiy 
MoiiW not to nny any dubncnptkon^ nnd nut la liavo the right of voting in tha 
ftAira iiT Uiu Society, and Lo bi' »ubJL*<:it to rrr-ulBction ojiiiually, 

Ifl. TOil'f Ihe Oommittpo 1f« 1*111 ptiwcreJ to aitpainl any Hornlwr Lof-al Sfvrofoiy for 
tho l^wn or diitnct vhcrv ho iniiy reaide, iu ordiT lo fncilitfttp tIi^ collection of aocurato 
Jnfonnallon hm Io thi* ohji\:ts of loonl inlOfCit, and for the roceipt of Huhacriptiona, and 
iki di-lnhiitiDii "f CimidJira arid BooLi; and I hat autli Local Sthrn^arlea ho tr-f^cio 
Mi"iiLm of Iht* CoinmilUi^ 

13- TlliT Mfvtingi for Lho purpoao of n^diog pnpors, tho exhibition of antiquitioit 
or Ihi' dU^MMJon of Bubjpctft coiiiicotod LhtrV"ith| bu hdd at suoh timea aud phuev oa 
iha Coiiiinittw nny doterminiv 

U> That the Seon^tarr ahatl kt^rp n roeord of the procMdiiigfft of tho Society, to b« I 
oominunkmbxl (o tho Uouural Meetmg. 

iVrxma ilniroua of bocoiuing Membcirfl of Ibo Soojefy are requnted to ooromunicato ] 
with A Hwrclnrf. 



o 



4 



iimtj: iErtSatolauical Collections. 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR Oi?' THE FAMILY 
OF SCRASE. 

m MASK ANTONY LOWEH, M.A,, V.SA. 



FiBTLT n^I? AT HOBSH^lVj l^LY 13^ lfiS5> 




Ac;coRr»iNo to an ancient tradition presrrved in this family, 
and aanctioncfl in the official booltsof the Heralds, the Scrases 
came from Denmark, and held lands in Sussex before, and at 
the time of, the Conquest. So far, however, as I have been 
able to investigate the matter, I find no documentary evidence 
of this statement, Domesday Book and other early records of 
the Norman period make no mention of the name. 

It is asserted in Horafield's Tlistory of Sussex, that from 
1282 to 1284, Nicholas de Scrase was high-sheritf of the 
county (Horsf. vol. ii, page 264) j but in the list of sheriffs, as 
usually printed, the name of Nicholas de Gfaa occurs as the 
holder of the shrievalty in the 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, and 
13th yeara of King Edward the First. A Walter le Gra« or 
Grace also was sheriff in 10th and 11th Edward II. At 
an earlier period, John Cras appears as a contributor to the 
subsidy granted to the king in 1296, as an inhabitant of 

vur. 1 



GEXEALOGICAL ICZMOTS Of 



Hwr, iwnr Brighton. It ia not at all improbable, however, 
that the nsines variously written de Gras, le Gras, and Cms 
iiiaj hare been identical, and that the more modem Scras or 
Seme iJ^ a corruption or modi^catioo of it. It has also been 
nggested that the latter may possibly be a contraction of 
the great Xorman appellative of Scares or d'Escnres- The 
tradition of the ante-Norman origin of the family is not to 
(k- wholly disregarded i Tradition is acknowledged by all true 
antiquaries as but an "uncertain voice," but still research 
aomelinjcs remarkably confirms the authenticity of oral lesli- 
mony; and the legal maxim, "De oon apparenlibus et de 
Hon eiEisteutibus cadem est ratio," does not apply to this 
sort of inquiries. It is not therefore necessary to deprive on 
ancient Sussex race of its cherished belief, and I shall certainly 
not undcrtjike the onu^ probaiidi of their not being as old as 
the rude but romantic ages of Guthrum, Sweyn, or Canute, 

A good degree of antiquity may however be safely attri- 
buted to the family of Scrase, In the Inquisitiones Nonariun 
of lemp. Edward III (1341), John Scras was one of the pa- 
rishioners of Plumpton who nmdc the return of the " ninths" 
of sheaves, fleeces, and lambs for that parish to the rojal com- 
missioners, as a sidiaidy towards carrying on the war with 
rrance ; and it ia reuiarkable that from that date — the earliest 
which I have been able with certainty to attach to the name — 
the main stock an*! the priacipal branches of the family have 
ever had their chief habitat on, and in the immediate vicinity 
of, the South Downs ; a district which, as I have elsewhere ^ 
had occasion to observe, possesses^ in a remarkable degree, 
the quality of retaining its denizens throughout a long series 
of generations, and fixing thom, as by some unconquerable 
apell, within its charminE limits. 



charming 

" N'tscio tjiifL nntaJc aolum dulccdlnp captoB 
Ducit, et immemorea noti ainit ease sni/' 



OjnlnbuUoiu to Litcroturo, p. 160. 



I 



It is chiefly in the parishes immediately northward and 
westward of Brighton that we find the family located from 
the fifteenth ccntnry almost to the present day. Ilaiigleton, 
West BIntehington, Preston, Pateham. Pyecombe, and the 
neighbouring parishes, have been for some centuries their 
residences- 



I 




THE FAMILT OF SCKASE. 3 

The pedigree of Scrasc, as rccsignized by heraldic aiithririty, 
coramenccs mth HycLard Scras. who, from a document here- 
after to be quoted at leogth, appears to have held the office of 
'' Valet lo the Crown" (yalcift/s atl Coronatft) nnd^T 'Edwtujd 
the Fourth. The word valet or valettm has undergone con- 
siderable degradatioD : it was Dot anciently applied as now to 
a servant holding the position of a personal attendant upon a 
luan of fortune, but to "young gcntleoieu of great descent 
and Quality "^ who attended upon the person of the king. 
This kj'chard Scras resided at liangletou,^ and was buried 
at Preston, near Brighton, where some years since was disco- 
vered a brass plate inscribed with a memorial for himself^ his 
son, and grandson, thus : — 

" l^m Igrt!) iiurirt ISncftarli Scrascr latt of ?^an= 

gclton ©entclma to1}irf]c Tsirt in ti)€ grate 

cf our lortc goti one, X499- 

"I^CTC Igrtl) burirt JSgrtjacti Scrascf of Ulftri)ing= 

ton (Scullnna iuijirijE fiirt in n' gfarc of our 

lorb go5 one. 1319, 

'*5lcre Igttt Iiurirt ©TjtoarO 5rr^rr of Hrc^inj. 
ton iSnitelma toijo 5ic6 in f j^^rr of o' Uni 1579."* 

The reason why Preston was ficlected b» the burul-pjaoe of 
the family seems to have been, that the church (the remains of 
which still exist within the anibitd'ibeiii«K>r-ltt*ijsc)of Wist 
BIfttchington was, if not uEteriv drtfoiltfd, at least iq ^ 
ruinous condition. At what perinS imae service ccas*^ to 
be celebrated in tins building I aflDOt clerorer. Hot^Hd 
(//mA S^j^.te.T, vol I pgtge liS)man that il vm stiDdij^ 
in 1724, that it consisted of A'Mrtft aad soQth cAuicd (tj 



* Jaflob'a Law "D'te^OBatj^ m 
" TflJel, VBlc*!t, or V*iiicC* Ob 

Lyilclton, »s>akii>( of 

defect of ihf Crovrte^ « 
of \\\G Kin^, X\vfW tW 



^fa»«f &VW 




GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OP 



with a atceple containing live bells/' He adds that only 
" the outside walls are uow in existence ;" but the slightest 
exaaiinfttioii of these walla shows clearly enough that the 
church consisted of a uave, with a chancel of equal width, and 
no tower. The western end has two Norman windows, aud 
there are two windows and a doorway of later date in the 
south wall.^ In the Visitation of Bishop Bower, made in the 




very yenr mentioned hy Horsfield^ there is no entry whatever 
relating to the church, which provea that it was not then 
made use of for sacred purposes. Mr» Rowland, in his 
privately-priuted History of (he Familt/ of iV^r/// (1830), says, 
" No duty has been done for nearly two centuries." Accord- 
ing to the tradition of their descendanls, the Scrases adhered 
to the ancient faith some time after the Reformation, and as 
the tenants of the mansion, and those of some half-dozen 
dependent cottages, couatiluted the entire population of the 
parish, it is not hkely tliat any pains would bo taki^n to 
maintain the fabric, especially when so many churches existed 
within the compnss of two or three miles. Tlie parish has 
long been ccclesiaatically united with Brighton. 



I 

I 



* Tbe nalU measure eilerTiany^ ntxrat 
G7 feet bj £1. Tbe i!<QgrDTiiig 4t tlio «od 



of ttiia pa[H>r U a Bouih-wosf riov of the 



THE FAMTLT 07 eCftASE, 



A few words may here be said of the manor-house, so long 
identified with the history of the Scrases. The remains have 
beeij 80 much altered to suit the taste and convenience of suc- 
cessive occupants that little can be inftjrrcd as to its original 
form and dimensious. The principal indications of antiquity 
are, the relics of a trefoil-headed window on the north side, 
and a bnttress at the north-west angle. A projection 
northwards is traditionally said to have been the chnpel in 
which the Scrases of old performed their devotions. On the 
aoulh side of the house is an ancient well, two hundred and 
forty feet in depth, the wheel of which is made to revolve by 
the introduction of a donkey, after the manner of a squirrel in 
its cage. 

Mr. Rowlond, in quoting the inscriptioaa cited above 
(which he erroneously states to have been dug up in West 
Blatchingtou church), remarks, that "it is a curious fact that 
the Scrase family have been from that period always tenants 
of the farm. The present Mrs. Tlodaon is the graTid-daughter 
of a Scrasc, and her relation, Mr. Scraac, occupies also the 
adjoining farm of Lord Abergavenny at Potcham, A3 the 
Ncvills becJimo proprietors in 1435, it is highly probable that 
the ancestors of the present tenants were tenants to the ilhis- 
trious Beauehamps, before the Nevills acquired it by 
marriage. It may be presumed that no other landlord in 
England conld show a tenantcy of such antiquity/'* 

Richard Seraa, the son of the " valcttua," settled at West 
Blatchingtou, under a devise for the term of fifty-seven years, 
of the manor of Blatchington-Weyfidd, from George Lord 
Abergavenny. In 27th Henry VIII this nobleman died 
seized of the manor, which was afterwards rcconveycd to 
Edward the son of Richard Scrase, whose descendants con- 
tinued to reside upon it for several generations. 

This Edward Serase, who is styled '* of Bletehington- 
Weyfield, Gentleman," made his will 25th April 157fi- He 
du-ects his body to be buried in the church of Preston, and in 
consideration thereof gives to that church thirteen shillings 
and four pence. To the parish of Hove he gives ten shillings. 
To John his younger son he bequeaths £20 a year out of his 



* Soinfi litigation arose out of this 
leaec- See Proveediifffii in CIia»cety (PubL 



fi«0 ToL i, A. r a, 32, and S. b. IS. 



6 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF 



farm of Blekhington as long as his mtereat therein remains. 
To Agnes his wife he gives 10. 13^, 4ff. yearly in iidtlitJon toall 
bia copjholtlt*; and to Joaoc DeuLuiu his deugliter £20. He 
constitutes Ins ekkst son Ricltard Scrase liis residuary k-gatec, 
and assigns hia wardship till 21 to Edward Covert, of the 
Middle Temple, Gentleman, The witncasea ore Thomas 
Bcardc, Rd. Goatcr, Hen. Avery, and Rafe Beard, 

Agnes Scrasc {of Hove), the widovr of Edward, made her 
will Cth March, 32 Eliz., and it waa proved 10th Oct. 1590, 
She directs her burial in Proston church. Among her 
kiikdred she enumerates, John the son of Richard her son, 
her daughters Riekton, Denhani, and Dennis Borrage. She 
appoints Barlmra Voggins' her sole executrix, and her sons 
Rit^hard Scrase and Bartholomew Biirrage overseers of her 
wilL 

Richard Scrase, the only son of this pair, succeeded his 

father at Blatchington, and married Julian, daughter of 

Tuppin, a memher of a very old Sussex family, who, like the 
Scrases themselves, seem to have had the *' bounds of their 
habitation '* circumscribed by the limits of the South Downs,* 
IVom this match proceeded a numerous progeny ; the eldest 
male memher of which, according to a fashion very prevalent 
in those times, received hia mother's surname as a baptismal 
appellation. Like hia ancestors he held the manor of 
Blfttcbijigtou-Weyfield under a lease from the Lords 
Abergavenny. He was a country gentleman of good estima- 
tion, and married Susan or Susanna, one of the coheiresses of 
Mr. Hay (or Hayes) of Herstmonceux, a ciidct of the ancient 
family of Kay of Robertsbridge, and subsequently of 
Glyndbourne, near Lewes. (See Pedigree in liorsfield's 
Lewcfi, vol, ii, and Berry's Geneah^iea.) The family had 
long been "gentlemeji of coat armour/' but, until the year 
1G16, they had used noCrest, Mr. Tuppin Scrase, to remedy 
this defect, made an application to the College of Arais, and 



' A lamily of Pogguie r«aiJed in Iho 
B^oiuing poriih vT Aldriiiglon at thim 
p«rio(L 

■ An curly individual of tbis TifluiewsB 
WUlmm TupjTi, clcrinin, ricar of EiiBt 
D*an| ppflr Eiislhoiirnt, limy. Ilenrj I"V. 
Many otlicrs in liittr tiraffs <iiMiii- in the 
pariirwa of Briglilon, NovbHTcn, &c. &c 



At Ibc present daj lliere are Mvpral oemx- 

Ejiug a rvfipecUble position LutbDCOuntj, 
lit the nJAJority havt^ sunk to t lower 
gmde, anti, inQuencod by tlie *'NeBcio quft 
ELulcodin*?," odlu^re to Clic Suiith Down 
hi[]s in Ibi? u^ufid hut unainbilioufi aphero 
of sb(?phtr<lfl t and right Ikithfu! and ox- 
n^Uent oa&i ILh."^ nrv gunemllj fouaii tolw. 



I 



THE FAMILY OF 8CBABB. 



the following interesting " Grant" (transcribed from the ori- 
ginal in the possession of Charles Scrusc-DickcnB, Esq.) is the 
result :— 

"To ALL and singular persons to whonio thela proBcnts 
shall comej William Segar, Garter principall King of Armes 
of Englishmen, Bendeth hia due coniendai-ona and greeting. 
Knowe yee that aunciently from tht* lu-gyning yt hath byn a 
custorae and is yet used in nil countries and eomonwealthea 
well governed, that the hearing of certeyn inarkes in sheilds 
(coinonlye called amies) have hyn and aro the onlye sigiies and 
demonstracons either of prowess and valour atchyred in tyraes 
of warre, or for good liie, hahility, and civlll conversacon in 
tymcs of peace. Among the which nomber I fjiide Tuppyn 
ScHAS of Blechingtou in the county of Sussex^ Gent. ^Vhoc 
bearclh for his Coate Armour, Jsure a DolpMne Argmt, the 
fynSy fjtjlh, and tof/lc, gold, between three S^calhps of the same, 
and was the sonne and heire of Richard, that was the sonne of 
Edward, the sonne of Richard whoc was the sonne and heire 
of Richard Scras of Hangleton in the county of Sussex afore- 
said and styled Valetfm ad Corona^ih Did Rfifis Edwardi 
Quarti, and sealed with a Dolphine, as by ccrtein hia Deeds 
and Eviileaces appeareth. Nowo forasrauche as the said 
Tuppjn Scras wantcth, for aa ornament vuto his said coate 
of Armcs, a convenient Crcast or Cognizance fltt to be borne, 
Hee hath requested mee the said Garter to appoynt hym 
suche a one as hee raaye lawfully bcare witlionte wrong-doing 
or prciudiac to any person or persons whatsoever; which 
according to hia request I have accomplished and grauntcd in 
tlie xuaiuicr and forme following, viz ; o?t a hcalme and wreathe 
of his cQuIlors, a falcon volant proper^ Ijcaked and 7tfembercd 
with her hells Ofy ^ifindif}^ on the stock of a tree,aiof/t which a 
^aie is tic^ned, with this motto ; volendo [dc\ reptilia 
SPERNO, signifying that noble and generous mynds will not 
fitoope to base and vile tliingea. All which amies and crenst 
depicted in the Margcnt, I the said Garter doe by theis pre- 
sents testifye. confirme, and grant vnto the said Tuppyn Scras 
and to his yssue for ever. And that it shalbelawfullfor hym 
and them to vsc, beare, and shewe forthe the same in signett, 
sheild, ensignc, or otherwise, at their free liberty and pleasnre. 
In Witness wherof I have herevnto sett my hand and sc^Ie 



8 



MBMOm OF 



of office y" xiiij*'* dnyc August an'*- Dni, IClfi, nnd in the foi 
tenth yeare of the rayne of our Sovcraigii Lord Jatucs, by the 
Grnce of God King of Great Brittaync ffrancc and Ireland,^ 
Defender of the faith et, c. 

"William Segar, Garter' 

The adoption by Mr. Scras of the motto, J'olanclo reptHia 
^ernOj probably took its rise from some event or circumstance 
now forgotten. Taken conjointly M-ith the singular crest, it 
may fairly be reckoned a "curiosity of heraldry/' In the sym- 
bolism of the heraldric art the falcon wb.& typical of courage. 
"This bird/' saya Master Guillim, "ia very bold and hardy, 
and of great stomach ; for she encountreth snd grapleth with 
fowls much greater than herself, invading and assailing them 
with her brest and feet." A free rendering of tbe aentimentj 
conveyed by the motto would be i — 

"JFroni all that's cratolinn, mtati, or ha$c, 
E taftc inbtsnant ttiflljtf 1«otIj Scrasr!" 

A younger brother of Tuppin Scraae was John Scrase, gen- 
tleman, of Hove, a parish adjacent to Biatchington. All that 
I kuow of him is recorded in his will,° the substance of which 
is as follows I — He gives his body to be buried iu the church 
of Preston, " amongst myne Ancestors, wftoe have honoured it 
with wealth}/ end<mments. ' He further directs 3?. 4<^. to be 
given to the said church, and to the poor of Hove Gs. Sd. " to 
be divided between nine of the poorest." To hia dearly- 
beloved wife Elizabeth, he bequeaths all his plate and jewels, 
furniture and ready-money, but in the event of her remarriage 
all these valuables are to go to his son Join, " as yf they were 
standers (hcir-Iooms) to the House.*' He gives to his 
daughter Mary, £200. 6tf. 8^/, ; Anne, £208. 6^. 8di Elizabeth, 
£233. 13*. A-d,: the first and second to receive their portions 
at the age of 23 ; tbe third at that of 2i — an crmngemeut ^J 
whieh appears somewhat capricious and unreasonable. To ^H 
his son John he gives all his lands in Hove, '* as indeed they 
descend unto him,'' with the woods, underwoods, bams and 
other buildings, with all rents, reversions, houses, &c., to him 
and his heirs. In case of failure of issue from his said son^ 

" Provpd At I^wvi etb Jane I51». It H dotod lliU Sept. L617. 



THE PAMILT OP fiCRABE. 9 

the testator gives the reversion of hia property in the 
following order : — 

" To George Scrase, gent, my brother, and his heirs. 

" Henry Scraac. gent, and his heirs (degree of kindred not 
mentioned), 

"William Scrase^citizen of London, my brotUer, and his heirs. 

" Edward Scrase, gent, my brother, and his heirs. 

" Walter Scrase, gent, my brother, and his heirs. 

" Richard Scrase, citizen and merchant of London, my 
brother, and his heirs;" 
the reversionist to pay eight hundred pounds to his three 
daughters. He directs that his loving wife shall have the 
use of the chamber " next the Sea-side/' and half the house iu 
common with his bod, during her widowhood. As overseers 
of his will, he names his " naturall and loving father Master 
Richard Scrase of Blachiugton/' his friend Master John Biahe 
of Piecombe, Master Walter Dobell of Falmer, jun',. Tuppin 
Scrase. and Henry Alderton. The will is *' Sealed with my ^ 
sealc, written w'^ myue owne hand." I have exjiuiincd the 
original document, which is written iu a good and clerkly 
fityle of penmanship. 

Tuppin Scraa had three sods, Richftrd, WilHnm, and Henry, 
Richard, the eldest, remained at Blatchington, and Henry, 
the youngest, mariied a daughter of — Goring of Highdeu, 
but whether he hfld any issue docs not appear. 

William Scras, the second son, settled at Anniogton in the 
parish of BotolpVs* In tbo nave of Botolph's church, near 
the entrance-door, is the following inscription to his memory, 
surmounted by the arms, crest, and motto of Scrase ; — 

"Here ltbtii the body or Cap'» 

WiLLIAlV SCKAS OF THES PAHI8B 

Wno WA3 INTBEIIED TUB TWENTV 

aSVEXTII DAT OP Seftembeb, 1GS3. 

AOED SIXTY inaEE. 

And also raANCEH his 

WITE WHO WAa B^-HIED 
XOTEUBEa THE TUTRD, 1B81." 



Captain Scras was succeeded at Annington by bis eldest, 
and apparently only surviving, son William, who died in 1713. 
His wife, who died some years previously, is thus comme- 

vni. 2 



10 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF 



morated on & slab of Sussex marble on the floor witlibi the 
coiumunion raiU at Botolphs i — 

"HeEE LTETH the BODl Of ' 

MaBY ScnA8 BELtCT OF 
CiPT, EDWAttD GottJNQ 

the only daughter op 
Hen'ey Li^tot of Bolny 

WIFE oy \>'". SON OF THE 

LATE CaFT. W". ScBAS 

WMD DEPAfiTED THIS LTPE 

lULY Y» 27" lfi91 IN Y^ 15^ 

YEAR OF HEtt AOE/' 

The only daughter and heiress of thia match, married Natr 
Tredcroft, Es([. of Horsham, in whose descendants the repre- 
sentation of lliia branch of the family is now vested, and who 
accordingly quarter the arms of Scraso. 

From Rachnrd, the eldest son of Tuppin Scras, descended a 
numerous progeny. His marrifigc is not recorded, so far as I 
can discover, iu the register either of Preston, Brighton, or 
Hove, where numerous entries of other earlier and later 
members of the family occur. The well-known irregularity in 
the keeping of parochial registers during the Civil Wsirs, and 
the fact that some branches of the family, in tlie latter half of 
the seventeenth century, forsook the communion of the Church 
of England, and that others made no wills, would have caused 
an hiatus in the line of descent, which is however rendered 
sufficiently certain by the attestation of Charles Scraae, Esq. of 
Brighton, cited on Ptdigree No. L 

William Scrase, eldest son of Richard, had, with other issue, 
William of Stanmer, who was buried at St. Nicholas'^ Brighton, 
where the following inscription occurs upon an altar-tomb 
ornamented with the family arms : — 

"HsBB tTETH William Scbasb, Gekt. late op St/nwes, who 
DJED 22^" OF NovV 1726. Elizabetu his wjee died 17^^ 
August, 173£, and was bceied at Stanueb." 

At Stanmer is a mural monument to the memory of 
Elizabeth Scrase (foruicriy Ilarisou) with the arms of Serasc, 

The eldest sou of this marriage was Chariet Scrase, Esq., of 
Brighton, who, in May 1771, purchased of Mr. Henry Sparrow 
a moiety of the manor of Brighton, which, by his will dated 



THB FAUILT OP SCRA89. 



11 



1791, he bequeathed to his eldtst grandson, Charles Dickins, 
Esq., on condition of his taking the najne and arms of Scrase 
in conjunction with those of his own lanjily. On the 20th 
May, 1743, Mr. S. cxhihitcd the confirmation of his armoriiil 
bearings, as made to liisgrvat-great -grandfather Tuppin Scras, 
at the Coliege of Arms, and in the records of that esljiblish- 
raent is this uote : — " This is a true copy of the orijrinal under 

tthe seal of said Garter, now lu the custody of Mr, Charles 
Scrase, Attomey-auLaw. — Examined 20th May 1743. by us, 
Stephen Martin Leake, ClarenceiH, and Charles Townle^/* 
Mr. Scrase died in 17^:3, and was buried at Brighton, where 
the following inscription to his memory remains: — ■ 
Jtjm: Scraae. 



" On the Doftb siJe of this ohcrcli li* interred the remsm* of CharW 
Scnise, Esq. who died on the 13'*' day of J&nuaiy \1%%, in the 
34^ year of his age. 

" In 1742 he married Sarahs the only daughter of Richard Turner, Eaq,, 
by whom he hut issue two daughter?, Surob Dickiiu and EUuvbcth 
Smith, who have crecLed tbia tablet to the memory of their mudi 
loved and respected Fflther/' 



In accordance with the terms of tbe will above mentioned 
the estate, name, and arms of the family desanded to Charles 
(Scroae) Dickins, Esq,, whose only son, Charlca Scraac Dickiiis, 
Esq., of Coolkurst in Horsham^ now iuberits them, and is the 
existing representative of the eldest hue of Scro&e, being the 
eleventh in lineal descent from Eychord Scras, Vahtlus ad 
Corottam to Kiug Edward the Fourth. 

Of the other descendants of Richard Scrase a tolerably 
copious account will be foimd in the tabular Pedigree No, II. 

I have said that some of the Scraaes of the neventeenth cen- 
tury ceased to hold comnumion with the Established Church. 
In the early days of Quakerism, Waller Scrase of Preslon, for- 
merly of West Blatchington. joined that sect. Id hiis will 
dated 1718, and proved at Lewes, he describes himself as 
" aged and infirme," and desires to be buried " in the burjing- 
place of the people called Quakers tn Rottingdeane, near kis 
relaliojis tr/to lye buried there." He gives an annuity to 
Barbara, daughter of John Gold of Bazedean (Balsdean); and 
to his kinsman Charles Scrase, late of Blatchington, now of 
Brighton, he gives his lands, &c. at Blatchiugton called 



I- 



19 



GEVRALOGTCAL 



lOiR OT 



Lukner s Croft, and hie messuage and tenement at Preston. 
I cannot connect this individual with the pedigree. Another 
instance of nonconformity occurs in Henry Scrase of Withdean^ 
who from some religious scruple did not cause his children to 
be baptized. In 1730, two years after his decease, his whole 
farnily of seven children, varying in age from twenty-two to 
eight years, conformed to that rite in Preston church on one 
day, 16lh Aug. They are described as children of Mr. Heniy 
Scrase and Mary his wife, and to the entry is aifixcd a note ; 
" Tliese persons were all born at Withdean in the parish of 
Patcliam." 

Early in the seventeenth centiu^y, a branch of the family 
were settled at Pangdean in Pyecombe, of which property they 
were lessees* I cannot connect them with the parent stock, 
ftltliougli from the respectability of their position they were 
probably descended from the Vahttm ad C(/ro/iam. Several 
members of this branch were buried in Pyecombe church, 
where some almost defaced inscriptions to their m 
remain. See Pedigree No. III. 

- Still earlier, a branch of the Scrases were located at ^yiP 
raington. All that ia known of them is contained in Pedi- 
gree No, IV. Other branches arc, or have been, resident iu 
the parifihcs of Cuckfield, Ditchllng, Brighton, Wivdsficld, 
Hamaoy, Barcombe, Flctchiug, St. John s Lewes, Westhothly. 
Clayton, Ardingly, and Palmer. 

The following detached notes of persons probably connected 
with the principal family will add to the completeness of this 
genealogical sketch. 

1526. Edmuad Scraee W09 rector of Woodraancote on the presentation of 
Thofl. Docwra, lord-prior of St. Jolm of Jeniaalem. — Cartwright'a 
Bramher, 2SG. 

1551, Riehard Gcffry» by will deted 1651, and prored nt TjCwca tic next 
year, ordcra his body to be buried in Clayton Cburch, and names, 
oicong otbcr children, Margaret tbe wife of John Scrasu. ^^m 

Par. Jieffiater uf Bri^hCcm. ^| 

MARRiA<iE. — Mr. RioWd Scrag* and Elizabolb Cook, 1649. 

B4FTISM8-— Eliz. dr, of Richard S. H\9. Simn.dr. of do.. Gent. Ifi23. 
Aone, dr. of Mr. 'Edw^. 5, 1624. Ohildjcn of George S.. Gent., 
viz. Clement, 1637: Susan, 1633; Richard, 1629; John, 1636 i 
Mary, 1638 , George, 1G3« ; Rjcbm^l. son of Richard S., Oent., 
IflaS^Mflrj, dr. of Mr, John S., 1678: Phikdelphin. dr, 
ChftTlea and Samh 3., 17^2. 



M 

iu 

Id, 




THE FAMILY OF SCBASE- 



13 



EiTEtALs,— Mr. Ricliard S.. 1635, Clcnlent^ eon of George S., 1S27. 

WiUiain Scras, 1626- Richard, bou of Ridiard S,, Gent,, ltJ2B. 

George, mu of Mr. George 3-, 1626. Mr. John Scrae, 1703. 
1638i John Scraa of Blftchingtoiij nad EU^abutb Scmao, married at SompUi^, 

1638. 
1676- Mr. Jobi Pickering of Westham, and Mrs. Borbaia Scras, murrd. at 

All 8aintt^i Lewes. 
1G6T. Heary, aoo of Mr. Richard S. of EtatchicgtoD, bari<xl at Palchain^ 

AdminUtroUonii granted at Lcwcs. 

16S6. To the gooiU of Eliz. 3. formerly of Hove, to Richard 3. her Husband- 
One of the sureties is Richard S. of Falmer. 

1691* To tlic goods of KicWd $. late of Blelclington, to hia widow Aud 9, 
One of the suretiea is Walter S, of Bktchiugton, 

1693. To the goods of Edw. 9. of Hove, to Mary hia wife. 

1695. To the ^ods of Joho S. \d\£ of BUtctmigtou, tlT Hia next brother 
Richard S. of Falmer. 

1704, TVill of Riehnrd 3. of Henfield, Gent.; prOTCd at Lewes. 1709. 
Mentioufl hia daiira. Elizabeth nnd Mary ; to the fbnner he givoe 
Ms land called CnLiiniares. 

1716. Ricliard S erase, Gent., inarried Catherine Hanson, Stanmer Regialer. 




-. , i.. 



1 mnat express my obligations for oaaiatonoe received in the compilation of 
this Paper, lo Miaa fsflbi^lla Scmse, W. Coiirthope. Esq., Somerset Herald ; 
the Bev. Edw. Turner, the Rev. Walter Kelly, Miss Penfold, C. S, Dickiira, 
Eaq., and cspcdally to Charles Gibbon, Esq,. Rrefunond Herald, who had 
niude coQsiderabk collcctious ou tlie subject, which he kindly jibccd et my 
diflpoaol. 



14 



GENSALOGICAL HEUDJB OF 



I. Scras or Srrasf, 

oEiHHcfil Ulatriiingtoti, 
Sunington, Brigtiton, Jfer, 



tkmui of CoiUAriDour, nad Volft to thcOown, temp 
£d». IV ; diud 1499 j buriod in Pretlon Churdk. 



TARD 



RTCHA&D SCKAH, of BUtt-hingtOD, Gtdl 
Ump. UqilTIIIj bur.in PrcBtoQCh., 1519. 



Bichu^ StTOB, of BlatcEi- — Mtu^ i bur. at 
ingtOQ ; bar. at FnatuD, Freaton, 1&5S. 
SKdw.Vl. 



KDWABD SCBA3,of Bl&tcUugton, Qnit 
Will dAted 1576 ; bur, in FrMlon Church. 



kdo.; 



mar. 
BioklDEk. 



Jane i iqht. 



DcnuUj roar, 
Barth BoFnue, 



E1CHARD SOaAS, of Blatchmgtoii,G©nt.i 
? bur, fttpFeitot],lG£e. 



Gent.; 

Tiv. iex7» 



I 



Bufliinj da.andcO»ieir^-Ttll*Pl:N SCBAS, of Bltttd^ington, 



of. , HajjOfHeratiuoD' 
O0UI, oOh 3ii0Bex> 



buried at Freaton, 1634; eldest ftoa 
uid heir. 



Buntit dd. da^— ' 
Kdw«rd Blak^, 

of J'oHaluJe^ 

a quo BLAXEA 

of PORTS. 

LAUE. 



!. Mary ; mar, 

Rii}, Rjindi, 
Boctor uf Hut- 
JleJdi btfit.at 



S. Bdilh i inar. 

Geo. BifdforJy 

of Loadoo. 



lAB 



4. Dontbj. EIOHARD SCRAS, ^ 

of BlBtoLingtoii, Qi-Dt.j 
bapt, at SalfiliurBti 
161A): BOD uid heir. 



CHARLES 
BCBAS. 



JOHN SCRAS. 
See page 16, 



RICHARD 

HUKAS. 

Sat page 15.* 



WILLIAM SCEAS, = 

Genl.; vir. 1673; 

f>ld»t BOD. nUf-hildrcn, 

Richard, John, R^ry, 

and Mar^, bapt, at 

Pmton, 1674-1685. 



Mil 
Ricbard S. 
John 9. 
Heur> a. 
Mu7 8. 



da,i 



Wn^LlAMaCRASR. ofSpftford, ^liaiVth. da. of Hiat and Cath. 



afl'Twanla of Stannipr, Gent. ; mar, 

at All SmntB, Lc-woh, 1707 1 ob- 1729 ; 

bu. it Brighton, U- 1' Eldest boil 



HariBon^ of Lewia, aud sisler of 
Cbua. ilajisiio, of Sutton, Eaq-i 
ob. 1733. M. 1. Stanmur CburDh. 



I 
WiUiamS,; 

bapt. at Seafcrd, 
1707 i bu. Dt 
Fahnor, 171B. 



ILES 



CHARLEa 8CRA8E,Enc].,Attompjat Jav^.^ 
bapt, at Seaford, l709 i Town Clerk of Seaford, 
1733^ bou^lit a moiuLy oflheMnaorofBricbtfiQ, 
1771, whiohby liis will. 1791, hu bequpatLcd U> 
bia granduoD, Chaj-W UickiuSjEHj. Died 1792- 



Barah ; 

only da. of 

Ed. Turner, Eaq. j 

mar. 1742. 



"Tappj^ Sfrai lind ftfoo WiLliin Scrai, cf Anaington, 

■mi) bJclianl Scmv, of DIcuhinctoa, CicnL 

"ViUiBm Scraie, of [AuninKlon, nnr] Slfijnjng. hud 
i««o ■□ onlj dtti)[ht<r, wLo aurricd W^Ui, Trc*kro(V of 
Bontmm, ICiq. 

"RialunL ]imd una WUlkan, lll«hvd, Cbarlo. Ud 
riprry " (Qp. Join, ffctlitri>f Iltiur^ ?> 

"Willinin kul litLt WJIIiitm &7ue. of Staniwr. vho 
illiril, bhj «u Imrinl nt QngbloD. m 173£, ieaving juua 
Chirli'i Amv^ Aud uthrr eluldiru.*' 

Siq-i *o.l7W, p*a«C&iHc*«». ftif. 



I" 



ELIiaboth, young, dft. & 
co-beir-i in*r.W. Smith, 
of London, Esq. Died 
without iasucp 



Sarah, dder dftugh 
tor aod coheiraaa> 



r 



CEAKLES Dickina, Bft^rwardB, by his 
Orondfnthcr'i Will, 1731, CHARLEB- 
SCEASE'DICKINS, Esq. : bom 176 K. 



CHABLES-S0RA9E-DICK1N3. Esq., on\ 
olnld,iiow (1865) of Coulhursl, Ilomhani 



stm of Twpfkm &nc d^~ 



f1TaBTT>g 





Henrj 

b«ii ITS?, 
b>pt.l790. 








Wiliiam _ - Uuj ; 
Scivr, 

of 
With- 

udAl- 

booTTte i 

born 

1763; 

ob. 1827. 



Bdwtfd ri>:^i^ ^?i. 



dLof 


SCTVK. of £t.-TW- T --A 


John 


Br^ilc :f li. :c 


Buirer, 


Pl^A- i-* P*--*- 1— ■p' 


or 


RiQ^TTL-r; bo- ITT: : T%7^- 


Dilch- 


bo,3T«6^ ob.l3&S. :r.--. :f 


ling. 


ob. 18^3. £^:cn 




S«tf (A,) i^^:.^ 




FbilulHpL*— WiDivn Iwssff, 






□rfud;!-^ E*=^ 



E-. ?^ 



"■"-<>-' 






1 ■ 

iMbelU; 


FrancU 


^^ John 


B<;rm>4>, of 


Sdlinghmnii 


Dilchljjjg ^ 


ofBj^ 


^=Francw, cla. 


Banker. 


oilhoaumer. 


^ 


of Old Land, 




in Kejmer, 




& P. 1866. 


' Bicliard 


1 
Anne- 


BCHM, 


filltftS^- 





Mt-r- 


ifcTti-lr---rffc 


?L-*l 


SCT*W, 


— *--,-- 


r.i— ^ 


i-jT 


^fear»b. 


T-fcr,^. 


n ' r - ;^. 


i "rt __ 


dA.of 


-f 


V.' ' 


: 


' CojiptrJ- 


BfLfiue. 







Eluftboth, dft^of 

p . , Gomngb, 

of . . . , . . Idt wife. 



(A.) 
Edwud ScnM, _ Sanh, da- of Ttajton 



of 
Broyle. 



PrnjiieT of Lcvca , 
' 2cd wifc. 



George Serue,- 

of Lnre^ Silt- 

feofi,=CaRm, 

da. of 



Himry S., of South- 

amptoD ^;p^Elii. 

Woroeiter, of Loiig 

Buckby^ co. 

Northampton* 



I 1 I I 

Tnj' Samuel Etlviu Ajdu^- 

Urn s, e. a. 



Har- 
hat, 
■oar, 
F«t«r 
Pa«'J«i. 



BtTdh. L-juuA- 



1« 



GENEALOGICAL MEMOIR OF 



IL 



ill IPatcbam, ^ 



Seepage 14, down to Bichardy 

filCHABD SCEA9, = 

of W- Blmtflhington. I 



LLl 



WILLIAM SCRA3E, 
ddcfit son. Sm xtuve 14. 



JOHN 9CRAS, G^'nt-, of Wmt B!ato!iington. ^PhUippo. 
WiU tUtod 1712 i provwl 1716> | 



to hi« father. 



Hoorj Scrase, Oent,, of 
Wilhdtian, in f &tctiuDs 

Wm 1723-1T29 r 
nur. lioeiiAC dated L706, 

(LOWM.J 



Mar; ^ ila. of . , . If ant^har, of 

troslon. Sold lands, aft-er do- 

n4ie of her husband, to Lie 

Uncle, Rjelinrd Scro^e, of 

Sunt, famtarlj of Fajjgdeui. 



Barbara ^ Ji 

Gold, of HalBi 
in fiottJ.ngd««n. 



— Biohnrd 



WiJiatn 



Mary ; John tjcnus, of Anna Kemp, of ^ 

bo. 1708, Pfltolmrni W1711, OvingilpBr, lut w,j 

bs.lT30. ba. I730i mar. ma.at Ilure, 1716 

Martha Robena, bu. at Patcbanii 

but died S.F. 17fik 



of Witbdcati ; 

lK"rnl7M, 

b»pt. 1730 I 

died 1790. 



Scraa^j ^Suninnah Webb| 



of Preflton i 

tear, nb 

FatehaiDi 

175B. 



WiJiatn 

bo, 1716» 
ba, 1730. 



Rirbd. 

9.1 

bapt. 

1719. 

Marri 

di«I 

inf. 

L7W. 



<:iharh!a 

of Ditch' 

baptized 
176^k 



^ Sarah 
Pink, 

of 
Li^n- 
don. 



4^, 



bom 1747 
ob. 1635 

Gont., 

of 

SadJleecoQib, 



Barbara ■ 

ob. 1S34, 

ffit. 85j 

Holling- 

divb, 

of 

Flmnp- 

tUD. 



fiusannah % 

ob, 1845, 

»t. 90i 

= John 

Marchant, 

of 
perch inff, 

in 
£db Ill-Ion. 



I 
John SarBM,_^ 
of 
Borubam, 

in 
Wirlliiig J 
bom iT&d; 
died 1S30. 



dn. of 

John 
Gorringi^ 

of 
EiagitoD 

Qmt 



Ann** 
Kemp. 

Charlos 



JoliQ ^= EliMbolh, 
SiTraa«, da. of 

of Harrj 

DitcLUng. Attn^, 

B.r, of 

Diloh- 

litjgp 



Williiim 

of 

Frbton 

rlace: 

TIT, 1855. 



-_ Bnrah, 
da. of 
John 
Marchant, 

of 
Perching. 



Marj 



Ri chard _ Emma, 

Scrase, | da. of 

af 

Eut 

Dean : 

diM 

1S54. 



Wood- 

haroAj 

of 

Liilling- 

ton. 



JanF^ 

mar. 

Eiclmnl 

Marcliant, 

of 
Porcbingp 



John 
Scraae, 
oal<f 
Bmu 



Sarah IsabeUa 
3. S. 



Harrwtte S. ; 
^=^ "WUIiam 
Nevrbtidt of 
Biwlnater, 



Ellaa 



E[DnjB 



Fannj 



Eathcrioe 

i 



ElivbDtbi EdwEU-d 3., 

mar, of Laughlon, 

W. PwBninglon. 1066. S.F. 



T 



I 



I \ \ 

Btuaaiuh. Peaning^ Sophia ThomaB HtmiyS-i Hom^S.^ 

tonS, I mar. 9.^ ah, in ob. ob. 

ob. 13M. S. Pajae. America, young- joimg. 



J 



THB PAHILT OP 8GRASE. 

atm of Tt^in Scraa, Gent. 



15* 



CHAELES 
8CRA3E. 



RICHABD SCBASE, Gent^ lat« of Tangdetni, in Fjaoomba ; 

sftorw&rdft of HuTBt Pierpoint. Will 1730-1733. = 



Snsanniih ; 

^DadI. Beard, of 

flottingdean. 



Muy ; dfk and heireu, 

mar. st Clayton. 1705| to 

Sichard whltpayno, 

of Hunt-Pierpaiiit. 



I 



Henry 

Scrue; 
bom 1722, 
Uptn 1730, 



Qarban: 
bom 1710, 
l«pl. 1730; 

=^Wni.Kop<T9, 
ofPatchaiDfGiit. 



I 
SuBoniuiIi ; 
l>o.l717,ba. I730j 
ma. Bt NpwtiDLb?r, 
l7*5,toJo.Attree, 
of DitcliHng, 3ent. 



Bichard Whitpaync^ to whom hii 
modfather, Rich. Scraw, bequeathed 
fau Manor of Fakyaa, in Hunt-PLo^ 
point ; romajnder to hia j'oungcr bro- 
thers } remainder to the SoraM ikmilj. 



Wilham . 
Scraae, 

of 

With- 

dean 

■ndAl- 

boume i 

bom 

1763; 

oh. 1827. 



I 



-Mary; 


E^Jnard 


Thomas - 


-Fhikdel- 


do, of 


ScrasSf of 


Scraw, 


phia; 
du. of 


John 


Brojlo 


of 


BoiTcr, 


Plaeo, in 


Falcham; 




of 


KingmiT^ 


bo. 1771 ; 


Fani- 


Ditt'h- 


bo. 1766^ 


oh. 1855, 


coinb, of 


ling. 


ob, 1823. 




Blfltch- 




5^ (A) 




ington. 




MoiP. 








FhiUdetphift^^Williani Tuner, 


■ 




of FiUcham, Esq. 



Jane; 

ob, 
18^H 

at. 83. 



KAtherine^ 
bo. 1762 I 
mar. U. 
Fackham, 

of 
lindilcld. 



IsaboUa; 
bo. 1768; 

mar. 
CharlBB 

Stibj, 

of 
BodmilL 



Sarah; 
bo. 1769; 

mar. 

Sicbard 

Saiby, 

of 
W«t- 
Dean. 



1 

lubella; 


Francia 


Wiliam 


1 
Marr, 


Sarah-! jouua, 


^ John 


Scmws of 


Scrss^, 


married 


Diarried 


Bcilinfham, 
ofEje, 


Bitch iing ; 


= Sarah, 


T. Beat, 


H. Bridger, 


^Francoa, dA. 


dft. of 


of 


Ei^., of 


Bajiker, 


ofTho-Turner, 


, . . Coppard. 


Brighton. 


Buckcnbam, 


'V 


of Old Laudf 

in Eejmer, 
&P. 1855. 






in Old 
Shoreham. 


Bichard 


Anne- 




SorMo. 


EliiaS.- 






r- 



Suaannah, 

married 

n.WilliQgton, 

of 

London. 



Elifabcth, dfl. of 

. . , Gorriagb, 

of lit wlfi-\ 



(A,) 
^ Edward SoraBcij _ Borah, da- ofTrajton 



of 

Brojle- 



Payne, of Lewai. 
2zid wife. 



QoorgeScrue^ 
of LewM, Sur- 
geon.^ Clara, 

da. of 
John&iUnian- 



HonryS^ofBouth- 

ampton ;;^=Elii;. 

Worcester, of Loog 

Euckbj, CO. 

Northampton. 



Traj- Samuel Edwlu Amdia. Har- Sarah. LooiHu 
ton S. S. S. riot, 

Foter 
Fagden- 



16» 



THS FAHILT Of SCKASI. 



Si 



?=£■: 



Ih- 




■s^ 



'.> 







flfll:— 

— tn '^ -^ H 




-lis 



I" 



I- 

i 

h 



■s 

I 

Ok 






OJ 



I 












5 . 
I- 



4 

I 

<3 



a 



5 



O 

1-5 



K" 



3 o 



»ej 



ox THE 

BRASS OF JOHN WYBARtfE, A.D. 1490, LATELY 
DISCOVERED IN TICEHURST CHURCH; 

WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF 1II3 FAMILY AND OB TUB CBURCH, 

Ur THl?: REV, CHARLES GAUNT, ISFIKLD 



June 



An interesting Brass was brought to light 
in consequence of the repairs anJ rcstorntion of the rectonal 
cbftnccl of Ticchurst Church, hy the Rev. J, Coastable, as 
lessee under the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, ftuJ has 
revived the name of a family once of coq sequence in that pariah^ 
long extinct there, although perhaps represented by those who 
still bear the same name hi humbler sphere in the bordering 
county. 

Judging from the very decayed state of the floor of the 
chancel on its removal, and the date of the last niouumcntal 
slab found by the side of it being 1 710, the brass now dis- 
covered must probably have been concealed for considerably 
above a ceatury- It represents, or is meant to represent, the 
figure of John Wybarne Arniiger, who died February 16, in 
the 5th year of Henry VIL a,d. 1490 ; and, urdonbtcdiy, it 
represents his two wives, Edith and Agnes, wLose very dispro- 
portionate heights may be accounted for by the width of the slab 
ou which the three tigurcs are placed, being only 2 It. 3 in,, so 
that had the ladies been represented of a stature in proportion 
to the male figure, they would have looked Uke May-poles. 

A brass escutcheon, heater-shaped (as are those in and 
about the porch), is gone from its stone matru; above the 
knight's helmet, so that no heraldic bearuigs i-emain ; and the 
slab Las been for a long time, probably pi^evioua to or at the 
time of laying the old floor, broken asunder, as well as the 



Vill. 



ib 



BRASS OX JjHN WYflARNE, 



taller brass of the three, othcr\™e they are all in a good state 
of prcaervation. The inscription is aa follows: — 

- . . Orate pi-o Aiabua Joliis M'ybaiuc Ainiigi Erlithe et 
Ag;tLctia Consortu buarum qui qiiidem JoKcs obiit sexto decimo 
(lie Ffhniiirii An^io Rigiii Regis Heiirici Septimi quinto, 
(juorura Aiabus propicictur deus AmS. 

The knight, or nither esquire (he he who lie may), appears 
m the mixed armour of the Cauiail period, which Mr. Boutell 
confines to no later period than 140!) ; and tbia brass does not 
certainly bear any very marked resemblance to any one of a 
later period than 1417 or 1424 — upwards of seventy years 
previous to Wybarne s death. 

There is a very slight variation, hut no discrepancy with the 
fashion of that period, iu the dress of the tM^o ladies. Their 
head-dress is that generally worn in thelatterpartof Henry VIl's 
and the early part of Henry Vlll's leign, and resembles the 
head-dress attributed to Ehzabeth of York, Queen of Henry VIL 
Tbey have each caffs turned over, slightly worked or of fur : the 
principal diflerence is in the patterns of the waist cinctures, or 
sashes (to use a modern term), and their long pendent single 
ends, which are fastened to the short but broader end by an 
open clasp or buckle, showing the under pattern crossing- 
It M'ill however, of course, even on a cursory view, be seen 
that there is a great discrepancy between the date of John 
Wybarue's death and the character of the armour worn by 
the knight No explanation can be given which shall clear 
away all objections that have been raised against its being a. 
brass made after 1490 j but wc may give to a party suspected 
of the surreptitious usurpation of a by-gono monument, the 
benefit of any plausible conjectures ; as, that the brass being 
apparently the almost exact copy of a neighbouring one of an 
older date, it might have been intended to represent John 
Wybarne in a knightly dress not quite obsolete in his earliest 
days, which he might have worn as a stripling, and still 
regarded as the type of early prowess; for we must bear in 
mind that we have no record of his age at bis death, and, for 
aught we know, he might have numbered a centnry of years, 
so that in 1410 he woidd have been twenty years of age; but, 
setting aside such a possibility, he might have possessed his 
father's or elder brother's fthe Rhodian Knight) camail, and 



LATCLT DISCOTIKID IS 



CBCT csrwm. 



19 




h&TC Tora it, w Dot qinte «bI of 
tics, and tbcnfare it miglit Iwe 

for eonobliiig his toeiDCJfT. 

Nov, Mra. Agnes WybuDc, tke i 
trix of John Wrbame, or n^cr kcr 
responsible for this momunenul reootd ; nod ther kvrr 
aappoeed by some to haTe apprapmCcd tbe figBfe of 
deceased knight, and fJaced b; hb «fe tht " 
figures of his two wi\i^, with an mso^rtian {■*■*■■■ Jr to 
period, imploriDg for meicy and panlan, 
would have rendered particnbrijr mtetmwrj tor i 

As the will of the £air Agnea. desmng a stooe to be boo^tt 
for her husband's grave, is daledtvdw jean after fail 
i( seems certain that do sDckmoaiuBUit hadbecai aoi ' 
to that time; and we mast th tnA r c efcMgchcr 
or thrifty executors with the ranity of igyicM i iu gtbc detM a aeJ 
head of the family as a knight of rery oUen time : or indeed 
otrr hero himself might ooC Ustc been free from this infirmity of 
ihc love of monumental glofy, and, being ambitioaji that pot* 
terity should look upon him as a Tery ancient htro of bygone 
and stirring times, h^ might on the loss of his first oife Edith, 
the partner of his chivalrous days, have hinLself seated and 
eaused to be executed this and his fir^t wife's brass, T^ ppove 
that brasses did not always sjTichroniz« in their costume with 
the date of the decease, tlie brass at Wotton-nnder-Edge 
shows Thomas Lord Berkeley to be more in the armour of 
the period of its sculpture, viz. 1392, than that which was 
coming into use some time before his death in 141 7J which 
may be evident by companBg it with that of Sir John Hard' 
rcsham in Lingfield Church. We are told also^ that both 
the figure of Lord Berkeley and Margaret his Lady were 
probably engraved at the death of Lady Berkeley in 1392, 
And this is not a singular case of a preiiiatnre preparation of 
a brasSj which might be as a memento v/on ; for Sir John de 
Cohhnm, who died in 1407, had his brass laid down about 
13G7, about forty years before his death ; 

llos cgoiml vtrsus poaui niibi Minus, i)l *asrt 
Uinc pn^viBa milii tnartts imago mcrt' 



I Pint? armonp ^<'inm(>ni?«T nhnul H"^ ' Bj Mf. Bmrtci], xd. i. p, Wi 



so 



BBA89 Of JOHN WTBARXE, 



If ve nail the Ticcliurat bmaa down to the procrustcan date 
to which it& armour is atrictlj appropriate, wo must nssign it 
to Qii cm coeval, if not prior, to the age of the chancel itself, 
which 13 ill an early, but not the very earliest, character of the 
Perpendicular style ; but if we will rathc^r take the trouble of 
comparing it with several brasses of various dates, we may 
suppose it to have been chosen from some capriciousness of 
taste or other reason, aa not being in all respects outrageously 
at variance with the innovations of armour that had been in- 
troduced, and which an engraver might consider as a degene- 
rate type of antiquity too modern for biin to copy, observing, 
as he would, that the armour of the fifteenth century presented 
many more iniuute and fanciful changes than that of any other 
period. It certainly is not, however, an uncommon case that 
a brass should be appropriated; for there is an instance at 
Laughton, in Lincolnshire, of a knight's brass of 1405 being 
adopted by the Dalisons in a.d. 1543. 

Sir Humphrey Stanley, a.d. 1506, in Westminster Abbey, 
\vears moil and round sollerets, characters of two distinct 
periods. And though an insignificant or capricious mark to 
designate the actunl time of a brass being worked and dedi- 
cated to the memory of its subject^ yet the introduction of 
flowers and grass as a ground, instead of an animal, on wlijch 
the feet rested, became more geneml after a.d, 145U, and, as 
being more easily cut than an animal, was adopted and appears 
as the principal difference in the two brasses of AVybarne 
at Ticehurf^t, and the Echingharu brass, which might very 
naturally have served as a pattern. The iuference^ which will 
strike a casual observer in seeing the Wybarne brass, as ably 
delineated by Mr. Utting, by the side of that of Sir William 
de Echiugham of a.d. 13S7, as it is accurately restored in 
Bouteirs Moiijimenial Brosffcs^ by the supply of a pointed 
■baacinet, &c., may be not an improbable one j and it need not 
be any great stretch of credulity to suppose that the artist, 
employed to engrave the figure of Wybarne as a knight of 
the fifteenth century, selected as his type diat of a knight in 
the church of the noighbonring parish, whose style of armour 
being continned from the fourteentli Tar into the fifteenth 
century, witli more or less variation, he might consider quite 
appropriate enough. 



LATELV DISCOVERKD IN TTCFHUftST CliraCll, 



31 



On tho wlinlp, in order to ehtcidotc an intprpating point of 
local cliroiiology, though without positive evidence, we iikaylkO]>Q 
that oiir Ticeliurst Urass was not surreptitiously usurped by 
some robber of tombs. Agnes Wybarne does not (as waa 
usual) give any directions in bcr will for providing any brasses, 
but, as will be presently seen from the will lUclf, tiijoins '' licr 
executors to bye a convenient stone to Iny upon her luishand'a 
grave and myne in the chuncel of Tyseherst/' At whatever 
period, therefore, this brass waa executed, it may have been 
copied by the artist, under the direction of some one of the 
family, fioni the tigurc in the neighbouring church of Eching- 
ham; and it is not very dissimilar to Sir William Kienley a 
brass at Hurstnionecnx^ and well calculated to represent to 
the then widowed, and, let us hope, now exculpated, Agnes 
Wybarne, the best beau id^al she had seen of a gallant knight 
in days of yore. 

The lady's character would also be saved by another sup- 
position, which might be suggested by the words of her will, 
— that no "convenient stone"' bad been in fact laid on her 
husband's grave until after her d<*iith. 

To pass from this dis^iussion, it may be more generally 
interesting to trace, as far as may be from alight records, the 
coimcction bttween the locality of Ticeliurst and thi: peraouH 
who in Hfe wore the antique costume wc have been consider- 
ing, and whose remains still rest in the chancel of the pariah 
church. 

The principal infonnation has been derived from the kind- 
ness of the Sonierf'et Herald, William Courthope, Ksq., and 
may be best conveyed in the very words of hie lettera, hcgin- 
ning with one to G. C. Courthope, Eaq., of Wbiligh : — 

ColUge qf Arms, June 18, 18GB, 
Mt oearSir,— I can now give you some insight to the his- 
tory of John Wybarne, whosn monniuental rrmains ynu have 
discovered. He was the son of John Wyhame, of Ilawkwell 
in Pembiiry, county Kent, and the brother of Sir Nicholas 
Wyliurue, a knight of Rhodes. He was probably the only 
one of bis family (in direct hue of descent) who died at Tice- 
hurst. He wai* possessed of considerable property in the parish, 
the principal of which was Mapcsden; and he died in 1489 or 



u 



BRASS OF JOHN WYBARNE, 





about that time, whilst Ae was building a house mljoitting to 
(iecktfrch. In tliia house he directed that a priest should have 
a free lodging, provided he sjitig a '' De profiiiidis" for his 
soul every night before he went to bed ; and he was u bene- 
factor to the cLurch, not onlj' in money left for its repairs, 
hut in directing ohita, &c,, for fhc welfare of his soul, lie 
had two wives : Edith, near to whom he directed to be buried; 
and Agnes, who survived him. He had n numerous family ; 
but his son and heir left Tiecbiirst and went to live at 
Bayhiim, and bis descendants aftL*rwards settled at Baj'hfill in 
Pembury. Aniongat the estates of this John Wybame were 
lanJs at Biiekling-liill in Wadbiirst, which were sold by his 
great-grandsons, and eventually eaine into the possession of 
your family, and the title-deeds of which are amnngst those I 
arranged for your father The only temporary residence of 
the family in the parish, accounts for the name being so little 
known; but there 18 not the smallest chance of his having had 
anything to do with the founding of the church, which was 
long before his time. He was a great benefactor to it, and no 
more, I shall be glad to have a rubbing of the brass, or copy 
of the inscription, if your local antiquaries can decipher it. 
One of hia two wives was a Miss Hide ; and he had a brother 
or son Anthony {a man of less note), who died at Ticeburst in 
152S, making his will oa the day of the Seven Sleepers in 
that year, and providing also handsomely for the welfare of 
his soul. 

Believe me, &c,, 

William Courtrope, 
Somerset. 



Subsequently to this letter, 1 have been favoured with an- 
other, ilatcd Jnly 0, from the Souierset Herald, saying that 
" he wished he had imparted more, for the man's will is a 
most curious document, and he was the last of his line who 
adhered to the ancient faith. Ilis son's will is Protestant, and 
not half so interesting to an antiquary," And he adds, "My 
impression is, that the family fell into obscurity about the 
beginning of the seventeenth century, and the descendants of 
our John arc probably to bo found amongst the labouring men 
of Pepwghur^ {Pembury) or the neighbourhood.'* 



LATKLV DISCOVERED IN TICEHURST CHURCH. 



23 



The following letter from ihe sBiiie gentleman to nie will 
give some further account of John W'^barue, und introduce hia 
genealogy : — 

CitlUtfe of Arms, Sftpt. 14, 1855. 

Mt dear Sib, — 1 am sorry I cau send you so littlo in 
regard to Wybanie, and [ cmi te!I nothiiifr more about Sir 
Nicbolas. There dots not appcfir to be either will or iu(|ui- 
gition for him ; nor do 1 tiud him named in the History of ihe 
KtnghtH of Malh, although there is one which purports to give 
all the Dames of the members, 

Agnes, the second wife and widow of John Wybame, was 
the individual to whom we avG indebted for the momiraent in 
Ticehurst chancel- She directs *' her exors to bye a con- 
venient stone to laye upon my husband John Wybarne's 
grave, and myne, io the chantx4 of Tyscherst." 

She directs to be buriud there, before the image of our 
Lady, and to the " dayes of her owteburyiiig and monthca- 
dny," she gives 20 marks, " that is to suy (for) a preat*s sing- 
ingi and in almes to poor people/' She also gives " ijlb, of 
wax tapers to brcnne before my hcrse, und after to be left to 
brcunc aforo the sacrament, and another afore the high 
crucifix ; the residue afore our blessed Lady/* She gives her 
Bon Nicholas "a gowne of crymsyn that was her fader's, and 
fiu'red with martins, two grele brasse pots that v^'^re his 
faders, and a cheyoo of golde, to the entent he should give 
40*. towards buying a suit of vestments," She gives '* Agnca 
Shoswell, her goddaur, a gowne furred with white minever, 
aad a litill gilt girdill." 

She also directs that an honest priest should sing 2^ years 
atTysehcrst for her soul, the souls of her two huabEinds,&c. 

In answer to another part of your letter {respecting the 
existence of an old house near the church), I have no informa- 
tiou touching the removal of this house, 

I am, dcEU' Sir, yours faithfully, 

William Courtuope, 

T^ R^. C. Qannt. Soinenet. 



u 



miASS up JOHN WTBARNE. 






s 

O 

"a. 5 



a I 






J 



D 

J3 

I 

i 



i 



M 






& 






o 
o 

M 











- E & ~ 5 I 




E El 

=3=1 aH3^£5 



r^3 



■■a 



43^^l 



Is 1 



-^'X 



^8 
■£.1 






aS 



■=•3 



--<- 



CATELT DISCOVERED TV TICEHrMT CKTFRrH, 



i 



Ii] atldition to the^e particulars, the name of " Wybame ' 

occurs in acvcral deeds belonging to G, C. Gourthopc, Esq,, 
relative to his property in WudUurst and Ticcliurbt ; and from 
the Catalogue of Oie Churters^ arranged b}- Mr. William 
Gourthopc, it appears that — 



C Jo 

"A.D. 1556,3 or gt 
Mnj 3K J John 



ihn LoTysliothe of Watilmrat fn'ho was probably the son 
grandson of Jou[i, wLo in 1471 ib numcil i\& niduw ciF 
Lfvv^botlie of Mjkrtleu) ^nmla on anuuily to Jolm 
jbflrae of l*epmgbury. 

A<D. Ifi71, C AAVilliata Wyburne rccdTcaadeeil of sale from aWilUaiti 
Mar, 1. \ Upton, who is Dumcd la 



A,D. 1573, 

Nop. 13 






A Decree of CbauRTy^ 



4 



John Wjbame of PepinglHir\, co. of Kent, Gent., j^nts 

4,D. 15B0,1 to hia two MIEI3 Edivard aitiU>t'or^«Mm uiiTmiij^or^A. 13ff. W> 

Mfiy S6. J issuing out of a tciLcmcul QUtl iuudsat BucUing-Utll, in Wad* 
( liurst. 

A,i>. 1593. f Willinm VVyburae of Bayhall, in Pepingbury, Qeut., eella 
Dec. 14< iproptrtj in Wadlmrsl- 



AD IflOl ( Wllinm W^bame of BnyhaU, and Edward Wybnnie 
Mnv 1 1 Settle, Gent,, arc joined in suffering a recovt-rj' and 
^ " ( for their estate in Wadhnrst as nbovei" 



eof 
HuaJ 



Tho following lias been communicated to mc by Mr. Nor- 
wood, of Willcsborougb : — - 

Philipott, under OrpinfftoM, sajs, " Croflon, once a place of iiiueh ^udeur 

1 AfiU ^"^^ populacj, b still A nianour, whkb it Uttd fLiidriitly nhcu it ivfls 

lb(* iulieriJanr^ of /fVAowrw, a fnniily. in elder tiintH. of high rstrrm, 

1300. Itfllph deWibourne held Inuds in several plnceaiti Kent (ab hvdei^d.i 

thi-n in jK>3SPssion of ^Vitioume of llalkwdl), temp. Kilw;in1 L 
1847. Ajid ill SOUi EJward III, Julm du W^bounir paid uid for eevcrnl 
landg flt ihe nviking rif ibi- Blnc^k Princff Knigh!. They rHin- 
qniftbed tlie jjropcrly of Crofion in tlie end of Edwjird III, by sale, to Sir 
Kobert Rdbiap. 



"1525. 

frobBUIj 
twforc Iljit 



Hnlkwell was granlftl to John Wyboume, who was scjiti^il at 
Ctdverden (in Peoibur^), whitlicr the fanjUy arrived from Croltimj 
in Oqiii^Dii" froiu biui deaccndcd Ilcnjnraia M'yLoiirn, who 
marrieil Blandi, daYighlerof Sir John Pliilipoll, of SouthnniploMj 
and died about 1650. 

Henry YlII gronled Ba>lian in Pembtiry, or Pcpinbiiry. to 
William Wvbvirn, Wviug IIk'u at Culvcrden, who sold it to Tboaiae 
Saekville, Lord liLickhvir^t (ami il wns probably Ldword, fourtli Earl 
Dorsot, who sold it to Uol>crt Aiuherat, Es^h). 



'I54fl. 



iG 



BRASS OF JOHN WTBilRNE, 



" The Wylx)nrne property dcacended to the two daughters of JohuWjboumi", 
wha inametl It. Berklry ond P. Jonea. 

" Hiirria, p, i'A^, and Hosted, undor Orpington and Peinbury, copy from 
Pliilipolt; but iicitbcr gives any occount of the family aller the decease of 
Bl^ich, widow of Benjamin. He evidently died S. P., Bs hia widow inherilcJ 
liis property,'* 

Hasted mentions a family of Wybornc to have lived or 
held lands in scvcial parishes in £ast Kent, " and if they 
were descendants of those inquired about/* Mr, Norwood 
says, " it is likely I was aeqnainted with the lost ?mle repre- 
sentative who lived in this parish^ Willesborough, forty years 
ago, and died unmarried; as also a brother. Their names 
were John and William Wyborn/' 

From subsequent inquiry, and inl'ormation kindly supplied 
by B, Iluaej Ilunt, Esq,, it ap|}ears tliat in the 14th year of 
Henry VII, the heirs of one Wybarnc held of the manor of 
Hamnierden, of which Mr. Courthope is now lord, certain 
lauds called Wytherenden ; and that, in the 27th year of 
Elizabeth, John VVybournc, Esq. held lands of the samo 
nmnur. I also find, from an old survey supposed to have been 
uindi: about the year 1611, that Edward Wybarni^ lii^ld lands 
called the Church Fields and Stumblett. Mr. Hunt adds, 
that in the time of Elisabeth, although there avus generally a 
large aitcnduncc of the tenants uf the manor at the court, yet 
that the Wybarnc of thai day did not attend, and that occa- 
sionally the presence of others of the family is noticed ; from 
which it may be inferred that tlio family was probably then 
one holding a considerable position. 

From a rental of Sir Henry Sidney's property, f^n-por^ 
Queen Elizahelh, in the possession of Mr. M. A. Lower, the 
following extracts have been kindly supplied fxi nie, and they 
contribute a few more particulars of John Wybaruc's territo- 
rial connection with Sussex, about a d. 15S0 : — 

"John Wybamo, Eaqiure, hohlytk ffrdyo one J' ... .., t a e 

mesmi^ ODe Imme one mylhouse Qiid certain l»i^<la) ^*^J^^;^ l^^^^ f 

called uTflylniffa i-ontp, by estiiumun otie hundred 1 i* ,i ^- * ' 

. T,* ,° , °, -' ., , I for an aiirvicea. 

acres m Tyfleliurati^ and paith [>r aiinnm. ^ 

The same Jolin ^Vvbflnle b<ildyth Ifrelye eertaiul i. -i - j-i r 
lan-ls caned Pycotta'iu Tysdierst contg. by mi- \ ^;',"^^ ^"'^ ^J'^J.lor 

Both BM in the Borow^i ^i HnthlyRh pncel of the munor of EobertsbnJge}/' 



• 



LATELY DISCOVEREU IN TICEIIURST CFirRCll. 



27 



It will be remeniberoJ, that ih ta statffl thnt Jnhn Wybnriie 
died in 1190, " whilst he was builfliiig a house ndjuiiiing to 
(ithe church." aiul that in this house he directed that a priest 
should have a free lodging, provided he sang a " De pro- 
fuodis for his soul cverv night before he went to bed." 
Now, it may be a suhjcct of curiosity to an arcliasoIogiBt, and 
not devoid of inten^st to the good folks of Ticehurst, to specu- 
late on the very building which John Wybarne directed, three 
monthd before his death, to be built as a lodging for a priest, 
being still in existence. 

hupiiry, as well as ioBpection, has been made, as to any 
remains of a building near the church- The only marks, and 
thc7 are very slight, of there having been any foundations of a 
building near, but detached from the church itself, are in the 
field on the east of the churchyard, between the wall and a 
pond. Nor are there any bre[dta or projections whatever in 
the walls of the church, showing any junction with the church 
masonry, except that to which maybe veiy plausibly assigned 
the priest's house or lodging, erected, or that wan behig erected, 
by John Wybiune nl his death. As we know the building 
did exist, if the present hypothesis is rejected, we shall be at a 
loss to account for its entire disappearancCj unless the former 
parsonage be considered to he the work in question of John 
Wybarne ; and that could scarcely be described as adjoining 
the chnrcb, or a very convenient lodging for a priest whose 
duty it was to say nightly mass. 

If we refer to the Glossary of Arclitecfnre, under the title 
of Parvise (by some considered as a corruption of the word 
Paradise), we shall find it sometimes denoting a room over a 
church porch, used as a school or library, or perhaps a room 
for the muniments, plate, and vestments of the church. In 
the example before ua» thi^ parvis was aecnred by iron bars, 
and an oak door, 3i inches thick, with a very large old 
double-bolted lock. Sometimes it served as a dwelling-room. 

Now, there is nothing inconsistent in supposing tliat John 
Wybarne built the present north porch of the church of 
Ticehurat, for the character of its architecture is in keeping 
with the period when he might have erected it, and in identi- 
fying it with the house he had in hand at hia death* It is 
adjoiniog to the church. It is about 10 feet stpiare, and a 



28 



BEASS OF JOHN WYBARNE. 



littie over, and about 6 feel high ; and 1ms still the marks of 
stairs ami doorway of en/rattca into the church iiscff, thus 
atfording. from the priest's lodging, the most easy access for 
him to tlie tiltar, for the purpose of saying masses for its 
founder's soulj either at all hours of the night, or, as was 
specially directed, before he went to bed in this very conve- 
nient dormitory. He would not require an altar and its 
accompanying piscina in this room, for he could easily resort 
to them m the cliurch. 

There is an open window, at present with iron grating before 
it, but at tliat time it might have been glazed. Inmicdiatt'ly 
below its sill, and resting on the point of the doorway ai'ch, is 
a semi-hexagonal niche of the date of Henrj VII, which seems 
to have been an inserlioii^as Iht; upper string-course moulding 
is apparently interrupted. The whole porch however, inde- 
pendent of its supposed conneclion with John Wybariie and 
his priest of the then dominant faitli, is a very good specimen 
of a parviae and niche in its areliitectural character; audit 
cannot he better appropriutcJ, afttr its intended reparation, 
than as a vestry fur the use of a priest of the reformed 
church. 

Allusion was made to John Wjbarne's not having been 
instrumental in founding the church of Ticehurst, and indeed 
its general architectural style alanips it with a date somewhat 
previous to Ilia age, but we are told he was a great benefactor 
to tlie church, and he might have contributed largely, if not 
entirely, to the fldorning of it with stained gloss, of which so 
many goodly specimens remain, both in the great chancel 
windows as well as in those of the Whiligh and Pashley 
chancels, and which, by the kind permission of Mr. Courthope 
and Mr. Wethercll, will he concentrated and arranged by 
Messrs. Powell, in the large east window. There are some 
grounds for giving our John the credit of this exquisite adorn- 
ment of the church, so beautiful even in its shattered state, by 
the appearance in a coloured roundel of the letter W, applicable, 
it is true, as an initial of William Warhaui, Archbishop of 
Canterbury at tliat period. The arms of William de Eclung- 
ham also- appear in this window as well as on the centre boss 
ofthegroiuofthe vaulting of the porch; and these arms might 
have been (as was not unusual) derived from some of the 



LATELY DISCOVERED IN TICEHTRST CIIURCH- 



30 



knigliU of Eclitiigliam to Wybarne, iinder whom he held in 



fee 



Willi 



pcrliapsj and not have been the sole bennng ol VVJliam 
de Eehitighaui, whose date of 13S7 will not synchronize with 
the windows. 

Of the Stained Glass remaining, a very sbort and incomplete 
notice may suffice. 

A Virgin nnd two Children as one subject — another virgin 
holding a paliu-brancli orsa^ptrc, over which is a figure pniy- 
ing at an altar Two angels, the ruby and azure of whose 
wings are most striking. The first person in the Trinity ap- 
pears holding a globe, and a very fine old head below itj but 
the two angels holding chains, and tossing over their shoulders 
thuribles, are perfect. A hand grasping a very beautiful 
crosier is all that remains of a uiitrcd figure. One label 
bears the name of (Ejrftiel ^ro; which are the only old 
English letters remaining to be noticed. Thexe is also 
St. Christopher bearing Christ. A double triangle, emblem 
of the Trinity, and several perfect canopies, as well as frag- 
ments of various borders, &c., will fully repay a careful 
examination. We cannot however quit our injj>erfcct 
description of this stained glass without noticing an almost 
uninjured and most singular delineation of a subject, in 
which appears two fiends, one drawing and the other push- 
ing mto a large caUlron» suspenJed amidst the flames of 
purgatory, several souls in n waggon or car ; and amongst 
these figiues, which are ten in number, may be seen the Pope 
with his triple crown, a king crowned, and a mitred bishop. 
Such n subject might lead us to suppose that the Papacy was 
here prematurely aimed at ; but this was not an uncommon 
mode of depicting the judgmcutday and it*^ rcstdts ; and that 
the day of judgment was here intended to he set forth as a 
warning both to priest and people, appears elearly from the 
nluioat perfect figure of an avenging angel bearing a pointed 
sword reversed upon the shonlder, a very exquisitely drawn 
and symmetrical fignre.aa is also that of other angels blowing 
trumpets, to wliieh may be added, as tyjies of the last awful 
day, several single figures rising from their tombs. 

These fragments of stained glass appear to be of the time 
of Henry V, or the early part of the reign of Henry VL 



80 



BRASS OF JOHN W1BAUNK, 



nje Bfiiiic old floor iu the chancel conccaletl, together with 
Wybflrnc's slab, two other monumental shibs, all wliich will bi; 
replaced and in sight. 

On tlie smallu'st slab, which ia 2 ft. 2 in. by 1 ft. 3 in., is the 
following inscription : — 

"Here reatetli the boJj of Bol>crt Coles, aon of T)r. QSbert Oulesaud 
iLTnry bia wifp, vho dep^irLed tLiH life Uie 14th of Sejitcmb(^r 1G97, Aged 

On the other, which is a very large slab — G ft. (i in. by 
3 ft. 4 in., is thu followujg macription : — 

"Here Ija the body of Miiry^ Rdict of Mylea Kdgar, Gontlciiiflij, 
Daugbter of Thouma Woodcock of Newtimber. She Jied 7 Jn!y 1710 
in t]ie aTlli >t'iir of lier nge- 

''The utwvt named MjlesEd^nr and also her former huabnnd Wiiliain 
llartridgc, Gcut. of ja roriah, lys both interred likowiaL- in ja Chiiocell/* 

A gquare-slinpcd squint, or hagioscope, opening from the 
Pashley or southern chancel into the great chanci-l, was also 
laid open to view at the same time with the above ; together 
with a very elegant small pi^cioa having a trefoil head. 

Much more might be added on the architectural beauties of 
thcChnrch of Ticchurst, which sf.nn(ls on a spot commanding 
a most enchanting prospect. It may be satisfactory also to 
leam that a church so deserving of admiration is shortly to 
be restored in nnisoii \y\t\\ the great chancel; but the pecu- 
liar character of the clerestory windows will not only attract 
the scrutinizing observation of the arrha?ologist as to their 
precise original form, but they will require and, we hope, 
receive the care of the architect (Mr Slater) and masons to 
restore them correctly, and retidcr this church as good an 
example of the Perpendicular style as any iu this district. 



ON SEDGWICK CASTLK 
BY TUE REV, EDWARD TUHNEH. 



HJlAll At UUUBlLAMj JILT 13, 18B&> 



This Castle was situated about two miles and n half from 
Hor&ham, eastward, in tLat detached part of the pansli of 
Broadwater which lies between Horsham and Nuthurat. It 
was one of those minor castellated buildings, the small dimen* 
sions of which would seem to imply that lliej could not have 
bet-n the principal residences of theu' owners, but occosional 
places of resort oidy. Of these smaller castles, the annains 
of several interesting examples nrc to be found in this county, 
and the sites of others may be traced ; the early history and 
8ubse4ucnt desceut of which, for want of that free access to 
public records and documents which we of the present <lay 
happily possess, have been heretofore involved in great 
obscurity and doubt. Our county historians have enlight- 
ened us but little on these points. The conclusion they seem 
to have arrived at, from an investigation of their general fea-, 
tures and character, and from the occasional notices which 
they met with of them, is, that they were the orighuil resi- 
dences of the Norman barons; and that, as they obtained 
greater possessions and larger castles, these smaller ones wore 
abandoned and suffered to go to decay. Allogother disre- 
garding the fact, that upon these lordships — at all events, 
upon those of Pevcnsey and Brambcr and Arundel, if not 
upon all — the barons, to whom they were assigned after the 
Conquest, found castles upon them already erected for their 
use» which they proceeded at once to occupy ; and that these 
minor castles are for the most part, as kr as we have a know- 
Icflge of their history, of a somewhat later date than the 
castlea by which they are supposed to have been superseded. 
Tlmt some of these castles were used as hunting seats by the 
lords of the haronial castles to which they were kuown to have 
been appendant, there can, I think, be no doubt. These 



32 



SEDGWICK CASTLE. 



baronial residences being situated in the southern portion of 
the county, and the manors attachijcl to them running for 
manj' miles in a northerly direction, they would, as men 
devoted to the chase, nnhirally provide themselves with resi- 
dences in distant manors, to enable them to pursue with 
greater facility their favourite pastime. Such, doubtless, was 
Verdley Castle, the ruins of which are still to be seen in a 
wood in the parish of Femherst. Camden, speaking of the 
remote situation of this castle in his day, says of it, that it 
was "known only to those that hunt the marten cat." The 
Earls of Arundel had their hunting-seats in the extensive 
forest tracts of Stunstcad and Charlton. And that the castle 
of Knepp also is to be regarded in the same light, the large 
sporting establishment of men and dogs sliown, by the docu- 
ments relating to this castle published in the third volume of 
our Collections, to have been kept np here in the time of King 
John, sufficiently testify. They prove it to have been used as 
a hunting-scat by the Braosc family, the lords of the castle of 
Branibcr, to winch it waa appendant. The barons of Pevcnsey 
bad their hunting-scats at Hartfield and Maresficld, For 
though no ruins exist in either of these localities similap to 
those which are to be seen at Verdley and Knepp, there is a 
field to the north of the village of Hm-ttield called '' tfie Castle 
Field/' the unevemirRs nf the surface of which, and a large 
mound standing al>out the centre of it, dearly show that a 
small cfistle nnce stood on this Rpnt» the foundations of which 
might possibly, if aenrched for, still be discovered beneath the 
surface. With regard to the hunting-seat in Maresfield, traces 
of it may still be seen iu what is now a wooded tract of 
Ashdown Forest called " the Vetchery." That this was the 
occasional residence of royalty, "the Chase of Ashdon" or, 
as it was called after it was eaclosed by John-a-Gannt, "Lan- 
caster Great Pai'k/' being a favourite royal sporting district, 
we have documentary evidence^ to prove, Edward II con- 
cludes a deed, ''diversas concessiones abbati et canonicis de 
BL-geham " (Bfijliam Abbey) " factas contirmans," as follows : 
"liata per man urn nostram apud Marsticld;" and a writ 
issued by the same king, reqiiirmg the mayor and bailiffs of 
Wincheisea to search their ports fur suspected persons, ia also 

1 Monait. AngL, toI. vi, part 3, p. 9H ; Pal. 6 Mw. Ill, p. 230. 



SEDGWICK CASTLE. 



S8 



I 



Marsficld.^ T\m former of these deeds ia dated the 
23ril and the latter the 24th of September 13JC. I have met 
too with cliarters of Edward III, dated from the same place. 
King John is said to have made this hunting-seat a frequent 
]jlaee of residence. To it wjia attached a free chapel, an 
accoinit of which wi)l be found ainoug tlie Notes and Qneriea 
at the end of volume. 

From the circumstance, that these uiiuor castles were all of 
them moiited, some with a single, this of Sedgwick with a 
double fosse, it has beeu farther inferred, that they were 
built with aouie reference to the personal secimty of theli' 
owners in times of danger. As the baronial residences, to 
which they were for the most part appendant, were situated 
near to the sea, which circumstance would render them liable 
to be attacked in case of foreign irivnsion, these minor castles 
woidd be safe places to retire to, during these or any similiar 
times of hostile emergency, situated as they were in remote 
parts of a vast trackless forest, 

Uut, to come to the more immediate subject of my present 
memoir. The castle of Sedgwick diflVrs in this material respect 
from the other minor castles of Sussex, that it was not, as far 
as 1 have been able to discover, originally appendant to any 
other castle, but au entirely independent residence. For rather 
more than two centuries and a half after the Norman conquest, 
it appears to have bclougcd to it family known by the some- 
what oppmbrious title of "Ic Salvage," ''Salvagius," or in plain 
English, " the savage," a title prohiibly derived from the wild 
aod erratic, not to say ferocious, dispositions and habits of 
him to whom it was first assigned. The tcnn Solvagius is not 
to be found in any classic writer that 1 am acquainted vpith , 
nor does Ainsworth coudcaccnd to notice it. For its meaning 
I am indebted to the charter rolls of the 1st of John, wlicrc 
a wild cat is called '' Sdvagins Catus." And this is the only 
ingtancQ of its use that I have met with, except as ignobly 
connected with these Sedgwick lords. 

Bat from whatever cause tbis family obtained this unen- 
viable (i;jsignatiou, tliey were the early lords of Broadwater: 
and appear to have had considerable possessions in the rape 
of Bramber. The Robert of Domesday, who is represented 

' HTmer^i Fad., toI. ki, p. S42; Ccwppi^fl WintrhtOiKii, p. 66. 

VITT- 5 



.S4 



SEDtJV'tCK CASTI.E 



aa liokliiig Broadwater anrf Onlingi^s (Worthing), was, there 
cai^ bv little doubt, Rubevt le Savngc ; and il is equally pro- 
bable tbfit llie same Robert is alluded to as holding Lancing 
md Asbington of William cle lirnose, with whom he might 
liave been connected by birth or marriage, and wliom he 
probably accompanied fit>m ^'o^maudy to this country. The 
similarity of their coats of nrnis^ sccnis to imply a relation- 
ship by blood or alliance^ Of the first three of his descend- 
ants — all of them Robert Ic Savage — I have beon able to find 
no other tnention than is to be derived from the enrly charters 
of the lords of Bramber, jnirticulavly those relating to the Priory 
of Sele ; among the attesting witnesses of which their names 
oeeiir. Of the fifth Robert le Savage, Maddux, in his JJi^toty 
uf life F.rclieqitct\ states, that in the year wSl, he gave 2U*. 
to King John to be allowed to have bis plaint in the King's 
Com't against John le Combe on account of iho mamagc of 
his daughter Agnes, which this Robert claimed to be in his 
gift:* a singnlar feudal privilege. 

The only child of this Robert was a daughter named 
Hnwisu, who married — 1st, John de Gaddesden, who appears 
to have been a resident of Shorehani, and to have had pro- 
perty in different parts of the rajje of Brambtr, and M'ho waa 
for three years sheriff of Sussex during the reign of Hrnrj llli 
and »dly, a dc Nevill. In an early document'^ relating to 
Sedgwick, [lawisa le Savage is described as having carried this 
manor to the funncr of these two busbimds. In 1263, William 
dc Braosc, being from his unthrifty habits in need of money, 
determined to supply his wants by exonerating various estates 
held und^r hiai from the claim of murage.^ And this led to 
a final concord between her and this William, by which, for 
the sum of Of) marks, which was rather less than one-third of 
the whole sum ln3 was empoweivd to raise, the lands of her 
manor in Broadwater were to be acquitted of this charge upon 
them for ever. In this deed ^ she is described as " Haivisa de 



^ I am iTidf.-bt«l Id Ur, 'EXYi», oriTiirBt' 
parpoint, For ntiu flaggoatioii. 

* Mdg. Rot^ Rik:, 1, Bui. 1& h. Siiosoxia, 
Mncklox Eio. In lIjIb aiici rU the oarlicr 
cloodfl r^lAting lo i\\a fikniily, tbej vco 

^ Pbcit. io Jiir. t-t A»i&., 7 Hdw, T. 



6 Ppd nn-. 62 H- Tfl, Miiracfl wu 
Ihfl right which WiG lord peHstaBcd of tai- 
in^ i«la]Ha \uM imilerLmi Tur iIjc n-pBir 
of hi* Cflstla, 

' Tho dcfd Lfl in tbo CUaptor-hQuvc, 
WoAluiinetia-. 



SEDGWICK CASTLK. 



35 



Nevilt, quondam uxor JoliQiiiiis de Gattesden." She died, 
according to tlit Towei- Records (in wiintyearia not mentioned, 
hut from the hqn'tsitio Post Mortpm No. 84, we learn tbat it 
was toivards the close of the reign of Henry III), seized of the 
manor of Rroadwntcr, valued at £52. 0.?. ^d. [ler annum ; also 
of the manor of (lalkesbourne, now called Hawkesbourne, in 
Horsham; Goring^orGnriiiglea, in Shipley; and South Lancing 
and Lyons, near Broadwater; as well as of the advowson of 
Itchingfield. What is now the manor of Durrington ^ also 
belonged from an early period to this hnuily ; a moiety of the 
tithes of which were conferred by Robert le Savage on the 
Priory of Sele aljout the ycur 1130, Robert, the father of 
this llawisa, is described in the Testa dt^ Nt*mH as possessing 
four knights* fees hi Broadwater. That this family held an 
important position in the rape of Bramber is, I think, shown 
by the fact, that this Robert was selected by the gnardian of 
William de Braose, during his minority, under an order of 
Henry HI, as custosof the castles of Bramber, Knapp, and 
Pevensey, which were supposed to be placed in jeopardy by 
the breaking out of a war witli t>ance. lie had also thccliarge 
of the honour of Knapp and Urambcr, belonging to John de 
Braose.^ 

The manor and castle of Sedgwick conthiued in the family 
ofle Savage till the year 1375, when John le Savage exchanged 
them with William de Braose for other lands ^^ held under the 
honour of Branibei'; and this exchange was subsequently cou- 
Qraied by his son Robert li; Savage. The vahie of the manor 
at the time this exchange took place was £17. 12». %iJ. The 
manor and castle had previously been the subject of a dispute 
between this John le Savage and William de Braose. By 
some means or othcr^ probably during the confusion occasioned 
by the prosecution of the Barona' war, they had fallen into the 
hands of John de Maunscl j on whose dt-ath abroad, William do 
Braose claimed them as having thereby escheated to him. 



" Ka \\^s\s not metiUoned ju n ai'pa' 
rnto DiAiior for Ivo cvntLiripa nfV-cr the 
Coiujii^Ft, it wiu pr.rbablj/ iiu^luiTi-iI diiriiij 
tbHl ptirloit Ln tho mauor uf Brood iruter. 

" Sec Krinp CviLl^ Docuuifnl* \ Sifs^rx 
ArA> CoU-BCliott, Vol V, p^ UL. 

^° WbAt Unda tliON were 1 htrd not 
bacn Bfcl« to dJAcoror; biii u I llnH n 



Tliatnoa Sa^ngu JeRcrihed, in 133^, u of 
niirijact fBijiibuakP),oiii' of i*\y jwirka Ui 
Ihi? npighbourlioodof Uonliam Motiging 
to Ih© Inrds of Brambor, wb tiibjt r^'igon- 
■bljr c^UDl:ludo tlmL th? Lands included in J 
tliia park tfc tho "otht-r lurnl* " hiyraf 
dliiflH to. 



Sfl 



SEDGWICK CASTLE. 



This led to a suit ^^ between them iii 1 200, which was "decided 

in favour of Jobo le Savage. Oar honorary secretary/" 
speaking, in his history of this war, of this John de Mauiisel, 
ami the circumstances which led to his dying abroad, says, 
" The fate of this man is as remarkable an instance of fallcTi 
greatness ns the Wolsey of later times. lie who had often 
refused bishoi:>ricks. both on accoimt of the greater value of 
the benefices which he held, and also because it would liave 
interfered with his free manner of living, now» after all his 
splendour, died abroad in the greatest poverty iind wretched- 
ness. All bis property, includiug the maiisioti of Sedgwick, 
which he had license to cmhattle in 1259, was granted to 
Simon dei\Ioijtfort,jiin- After the battle of Evesham, Sedgwick 
was ngain claimed and re[>ossesscd by John le Savage."'^ 

At the death of William de Braoae in 1290, the manor and 
cjistle of Sedgwick, with other manors and estates, passed to 
his son William by Isabel ^* the first of bis three wives.^^ 
At the death of this second William without male issue in 
1320, the Sussex estates were divided. The buuour and 
castle uf Brandjcr descended to the elder of bis two d^uighters ; 
and the mauora of Sedgwick, "Washiugton, and Pindun were 
settled on the issue of Mary,^^ his father's third wife, Under 
this ftmuigcmcnt Scdgwirk descended to Richard dc Braosej 
the eldest son of this Mary; and, as he died without iasue, 
it then passed to his brolhcr P^^tcr. From this Peter it 
descended to his eon Thomas; whose son of the same name 
iidieritcd it of him; as his children died diu'ing their minority 
without issue, Sedgwick went through the heirs of the Says, 
Ho^rons, St. Picrrea, Cokeseys, and Grevilles to the De Mow- 
bniys, 03 descended from Aliva de Braose, who in 1298 
married John de I\lowhray ; and it continnrd in the faniibes 
of de Mnwhmy and Howard until the attaiudrr of Tiioiiios, 
fourth Dnke of Norfolk of the Howards, in 1672. 

Chesworth, in the parish of Horsham, had been one of the 



" Platii, Abn?v., Gl TTm. TTT. 

" Blflfluw's BflfOUJ^' Wnr^ p. 06. 

1^ Rof. Put, 47 Hen. III. 

'* TliiB lifllffil v/n9 i\w dnuglifcr of Q-il- 
bcrl di- Clans Earl of Ofuiioester, nnJ 
niece of Oitberl Mjh^IibI, Earl of Peni- 
broLe. ThadUM)nc| witbwu Agnetijdaugli- 
Xvt of Nicholiu cli' Mo«b, 



^ See Pedigree of BraoFP, poat. 

" 'This MiPj wns Ihe dnu^hter of 
Willijini, Lord Ifont of Hnmlnko. and 
nflpr the (Li?flth of Bmo&e ^!lo Pi'inarried 
a rinntBgenDl, viz. Thomna df Ilrulln?rltni 
Karl of Norfolk: BubacijiiGndy 1o tbo 
d«oni of hue ttecontl liupband she EDumed, 

tbirdlv, Buli^Ii da CotLmm, 



SEDGWICK CASTLE, 



37 



resldnticosof the Brnose family .^^ Here died, in the year 1395, 
Thomas Lord Braose, whose infant children were the Inst of 
the possessors of Seilgwick of that name; he wns buried in 
Horsham church, mid his moiiiuiient, surmounted hy a fidl- 
leiigth tignre of him in the military garb of the reign of 
Richard II, is noticed in & subsequent article in this vohime. 
There is an excellent eugtaviug of the figure, from a drawing 
by Sir S, Merricks, in Cartwright's History of i&e liapc uf 
Bramhr. 

Chesworth subsequently became one of the residences of 
the Dukes of Norfolk before they married the Fitz- Alans and 
became Earls of Arundel. In December 1541, on the sup- 
position that Anne of Cievcs, after her divorce, had a child, 
and that the Duchess of Norfolk (Agnes Tilney, wife of Thomas, 
second duke of the Howard f'anidy) could give important 
evidence, Dr. Peter was ordered hy the Earl of Southnraptou 
and Sir John Wriothesley to Horsham,^^ Ou December 6th 
the council gave an order for locking up all things in her 
! grace's hoiise (Cheaworlh) at Horsham ;^^ on theOlh this order 
was extended to her other houses, and also to the house of her 
daughter. Lady Bridgewater ; hut the council in London sub- 
sequently wrote to tlie council with the King, that when they 
wrote thai Dn Peter should go HorsLani^ he being out of the 
town, tbey sent thither in \m stead his Majesty's solicitor, who 
])ut all things there in order, and upiiointcd Mr. Carell, *'dwell- 
iug hy, to have an eye daily to the same."^ On the 3rd 
Nov, 154S, the duke wrote from Newcastle to Sir Thomas 
Wriotheslcy, requesting that a letter therein enclosed might 
be sent with diligence to bis servants at Horsham, to cause 
them to make provision for his bouse (Chesworth) to be Ivcpt 
there that winter, " intending not to be far from the court for 
that wiutcr/*^^ Here was born the foiu'th duke, Thomas, 
■who wns attainted in 1573 ; it was in this house that he waa 
arrested ; and here it was tlmt^ secreted between the timbers 
and the slates of the roof, the evidences of his treasonable 



'^ lnl2ai,WmiiHB,tli^"Bonof JoliiiOu 
BniOBo, oblauiefl a diartcr of free uirTf^a 
in oU hu luiiJi M Chc^noHb, a« well ae 
tillier p«rt« of Uif rap« of Bminber, ttQWx 

Edvr&rd I, in relurtL for biB GiJclity lo 



Heurj IIT, during bU k>ug Aod Unn- 
pTfiluouA rpign. 

» Siflfc Vayen, toL i, p, 606. 

" lb- GOV), DoU. 

" Uj. 706. ^ Ib-¥oLT,p. 216, 



as 



SEDGWICK CASTLE- 



conjtpirncy, concealed probubly by mi accomplice, are said to 
have been tbund,^^ Cheswortli is dow a lanubousu, retaining 
but few traces of tbe ancient edifice. 

The duke's estates having been forfeiteih Sedgwick was 
granted in 1574 to Sir Thomas Seymour, on whose nttainder, 
two years after, it was conferred on Sir Tboiuas Fynes, from 
whom it passed to the Carrylls of Shipley and Westgrinstead ; 
whicb family held it under the crown until 1705, when it was 
purchased by Sir John Bennet, Kt., aerjeant-at-law, who, 
having considerably improved tbe estate, sobi it to Charles 
l)uke of Ricliniond i at wliosc death in 1750 it was purchased 
by Joseph Tudor; who, dying in 17S6, bcqoeathed it to hia 
nephew Wilbain Nelthorpc; whose nephew James Tudor 
Kelthorpe, Lisq., is the present possessor. 

Although the portion of the parish of Broadwater on wliieh 
the casllc stood consists at present of 150 acres only, it 
appears by a deed of the 19th of Edward U.tliat there was a 
park htre of 400 acres ;^ the demesne lands of this manor, 
therefore, must have extended into tbe adjoining parishes of 
Nutburst and Ilorsbam. By a survey of the lands in the 
manor of Cheswortb, made in lOOS, Sedgwick Park is 
stated to cori^^ist of 0»4 acres. ^* These demesne laiida were 
held ujider the barons of Braniber os tbe superior Iurd» 
in fee- 

At what time the castle was suffered to fall into a stiite of 
decay, 1 have been unable to discover. But it probably hap- 
pened some time during ita popseasion by the dc Braoac family; 
who, having otlicr residences, would not be likely to keep this 
up. Till of late years, tbe raius were overgrown by coppice 
wood, and quite shut out from public view. This tbe present 
possfssor has, in a great measure, cleared away, and they are 
now in his paddock, and easily accessible. The form of tbe 
caetle was circular; the outer wall being about 300 yards in 
circumference. It was surrounded by an inner and outer 
moat, tbe water of the inner moat washing the walla, which 
spread gradually at their foundation, so as to form a secure 



» CflrlwrwIieaRflpcofnmmlier, p.335. 

* Snluffick manor. 1 Mi>len*lirjiini, 
unui parvus oontinons 400 acToa. — 2Utfr 
SetortU, 90. 



'* Tliifl BUTTcj IS in tlic poABepeion of 
Sir CImrlcB Al EunvJI, UacT. [miacdh 
JitelT after till* cDuiplalicm or it, SiiJgwicfc 
Purl HOB diiparbcd. 



40 



BEDQ1V1CK CASTLE. 



pains, be satisFactorily traced, notwithstanding the mass of 
rubbish M'lucli has nccuuiiilatetl behveeii its partition walls. 
In one of these walls, on the east side, tliere is some curious 
herring-bone masonry, formed of tilea about the thickness of 
common roof tiles, but much Imger, 




The approach to the castle on tlie south-east side still re- 
mains ; and on the north-west side is an outlet which appears 
to have been used aa a road to the well; which consists of a 
baain beautifully constructed of large blocks of hewn stone in 
steps. This well is called " the Nun s Well/' why, it would 
be somewhat difficult to say, us the castle was never occnpied 
as a religious houau. It is also sometimes called St. Mary's 
Well, a name often given to fountains of pui'e water. This 
well is situated about thirty yards from the outer moat. The 
form of the windows of this castle might he ascertained by a 
cai'cful cxamiuation of the broken pieces of sf one, of which they 
were constructed, now lying about the castle walls. For it 
is to the credit of the despoilers of this interesting relic of a 
minor castle, that when, in breaking up its walls for the sake 
of the material which they so readily afford for building or 
road purposes, they found any wrought stone, they appear 
to have carefully preserved it. 

I cannot conclude without an acknowledgment of the obli- 
gations I am under to Mr. Robert Shepherd of Horsham, for 
the very accurate plan and drawing of the remains of this 
castle, which he has been so good as to prepare for me, and 
from which the engraved illustrations of ray paper are made. 



I 



DUREFORD ABBEY— ITS FORTUNES AND 
MISFORTUNES; 



WITH SOME PARTICULARS OP THE PREMONSTRATENSTAS 
ORDEB IN ENGLAND, 

BY W. H. BLAAUW, ESQ., MA., P^S.A. 



BfiAI> nf TiMT XT ItOMBi3£t JITX-T IS, 1SC6. 



ALTHOtQH the Abbey of Dureford was founded in the twelfth 
century, and flourished ueaily four hundred years^ there ia 
nothing of national importance in its history^ from its origin 
to its final suppression. Being placed near the extreme north- 
west boundary of Sussex, and not bearing even the name of 
a parish, its position has been often confusedly considered as 
in Ilampstiire. Its rcsoiu'ces were too slender to auLhonse its 
iibbot, as in other cases, boldly to confront kings ur to tlefy 
bishops, nor was he ever summoned to give his advice to 
Parliament ; he maintained no ostentfltions nvahy with the 
feudal lords of the land, nor did he compensate this inferiority 
by any conspicuous love of art or literature. The fame of 
many such monasteries has been preserved fresh to our days 
bv the architectural beauty of their ruius^ but Dureford Abbey, 
though once well provided with all the arrangements con- 
venient for rebgious devotion aud seclusion, has been for the 
last three centuries utterly ellaccd, and its very existence 
Dearly forgotten. The notices of it by Lcland and Dugdale 
are so scanty, that the latter supplies the name of but one 
abbot. 

There being then nothing of historical importance connected 
with its fortunes, its very insignificance may better adapt it 
as the means of following out the normal progress of a small 
monastery, and, by making the sketch on a confined canvas, 
we may more easily trace the incidents common to many 

ger pictures. While admiring the pious motives of the 



vin. 



G 



4S 



DURKFORU \fiBEY, 



founder and benefactors, we may Wrn much of the manners 

and feelings of the timfis, the varying forma of tennre, and the 
mimerons formalities and concurrent nssents required for the 
validity of every grant. We may notice its gradual enrich- 
ment by friends and neighbours, and the skilful method by 
which the canons converted every new acquisition into a 
reason for a future oae. The even tenor of its way was indeed 
marked with few incidents ; and tliongli honourccl by the visit 
of a king at one time, and at another half ruined by fim, the 
simple annals of DureFord Abbey record nothing generally 
beyond the gifts of pious neighbours, and thu series of obscu 
abbots. 

A manuscript in the British Museum (Vcspas. E. xxiii 
consisting of 223 pages of vellum, contains ancient copies of 
the charters md deeds relating to it \ and from tliia chartulary, 
frequent assistance will Ijc here drawn^ alt references being 
made to it by the numher of the page, without repeating the- 
description of the MS, " 

Papal sanction had been given, A,n. 1119> to a new order o; 
Augustinian monks, which had been established at the Con- 
vent of Premonstre, three leagues west from Laon in Picanly, 
'* in order," to use the words of tlicir abbot, " that the painful 
mortification of monks might be found united to the hoiyau^^ 
devout religion of priests,"* ^| 

The legendiiry history of St. Tvorherl's Vision, andhia founda- 
tion of this order, has nh-eady been recorded in a previous 
volume.^ In cor re spon deuce and subjection to Preiuonstre, 
muny similar mouiislcrica of White Canons had been already 
founded in England before Henry de Iloesc, Iliiscy, or llosatu9, | 
aahcisvarioualj n/inicd, settled a small community of Prcmon- 
stratensian Cnnons. ia the early part of the reign of Henry II, 
at Durcford, in the parish of Rogatc, just wilhiu the limits of 
West Sussex. 

The sitimtion was an agreeable one, on a sunny eleva- 
tion gradually sloping down southward to the left bank 
of a emiiU att'eam, au affluent of the Arun. The shelter of 
the woody hills en com passing Petersfield, whose market was 



niy 
of I 

y. 

.J1 



•ancltt it devuXn rcligio clericUruHL" — 



' Bj OiP RpT, G, M, CVif'pcr, in hiA 
pnper on OUchftui, Sutsex Arch. CoUea 
tiooM, V. 1E6. 



DUREPORD ADDEY. 



48 



not two miles off, and a mill near at lumd, increased ita coin 
veniences, together witli the gardens and fishponds within its 
own enclosure. These latter, with a few carved stones and 
broken tiles, alone remain now to niin-k the spot. 

The numerous monasteries founded by Norman chiefs after 
tlic Conqnest resulted perhaps from an implied condition 
attached to the liberal grants of English domains made to 
them by the king. Certainly the White Canons, though of 
such recent orighi, rapidly nudliplied. Nine Premonstra- 
tensian abbeys had been estaldislicd before that of Dureford, 
and twenty others followed before the year 1200, though only 
three were sabsequently addedn 

Newhouse, in Lincohishire, was the first, founded in 1 146 ; 
Welbcck,co. Notts, loundc^d in 1153 by Richard le Flamang, 
afterwards became the head of the order, Ihougli St. Rade- 
gund, near Dover, represented it by its ubbot in Parliament, 
and Torr, co. Devon, became the richest of its brethren, 
Bayham, the most important in Sussex, arose in 1200, after 
which date only Hales Owen, Tichficid, and Wendling followed. 

We can trace by T)urcford the maimer in which some links 
were connected in this chain of monastic piety which girded 
the land. Serlo, the first abbot at Ntfwhouse,^ had Influence 
enough, soon after his own establish merit, to procure a grant 
of laad at Well)eclt to Berengar, who tliere eatabhshed another 
mouastery. About twelve years later, Bereugar received the 
first grant of the site at Dnreford for a similar purpose. 

The register* of the order has preserved to us a proud 
boast of its 322 monasteries, distributed in thirty provinces, 
of which England contained thirty-one, each having an abbot, 
prior, and sub-prior. The auccesaiou of the English houses 
was displayed by their annalist in the form of a gonealugical 
tree with as much precisiou and vanity as a baronial pedigreCj 
the birth and offspring of each being duly noted and arranged 
thns in famihes. Could he have foreseen their dissolution, a 
very brief space of perhaps ten years would have comprised 
the date of all their deaths. 



' Ita bmrfactors, ndlw ilf Atbinj and 866 i "per <?onaiUun] DotQini Bvplijui* 

hU wife llawjjiiu, npihjiii((?d jimviT? ihi'rp Afabnti!* di' NeuUiiB." 872. 

fop Uj« »otiI of Willuua <lii ,Ubmi, who * Sloano MSa, 4031, pp. 10, 5-11- 
had gi^on the feo of llic loil, JfoMotf. ti* 



44 



DUBBPCRD AHBKr. 



Prrmonilre. 

T 
I 



T 



in Noraundj, Bi. Kadtgande or Bmboie, U93. Bi!ghAai, 1300. 



T 



Ahivjtt, Hl Aeathfl, Wpllbock, BurljogB, Solbj or Wflford, 
1147. 1152. 1153. 1154. 1156. 



I 

Opoxton 






J 



li 



LiTondoiL, Blnnchtfland, Cokenaad, 
11.. berorcllSO. t. Hen. IL 



I 



Hornby, 
aoelL 



Ilirppa or St'hop. 



I 



I 



I 1 I r I 

BAgnebjr, Lojtoa, BniitilitL'r, ^«t Biirchurii Torre, Curerord, HolfS Owflo. 
117£. 1183. 1183. use. 1196. t.E.Julm. ISIS. 



T 



12U. 



TJobfielcl, 
1231. 



TnUiun, macb 
before 1291. 






It will be remarked that in this genealogy too late a date 
ia erroneously given to Dureford, and that Bylegh, ita only 
dnughter. is not mentioned. The seniority of convents of the 
order wns directed to follow the dates of theii foundations, and 
ill this rank Dureford was considered the twenty-seventh. 

TIk; family of tlie foundi-r, Henry Ilosee, seeuis to have 
been originally seated in Normandy ; but lands in AViltshire, 
Shropshire, llanipsbire, and Kent, as well as in Sussex^ were 
afterwards lirld by various bmriches. 

A niilo north from Rouen, le IIosu (now called !e Iloussel) 
wns n tief in the parish of Grand QueviUy ; and this was held 
by Henry de la HoS3e,of the honour of Morcton, the earldom 
of I'rince John, before he was king, on the tenure of performing 
th« olfice of butler to the king in the duchy. Pour leagues to 
the noith of Rouen is also thu parish of la Houssaye Burcnger; 
ni]d this tatter nuaie may indicate that Abbot Bcrengar, before 
alluded to, rnaj have also apiiiiig from tlience, and, aa a former 



DUREVORD ABBEY. 



46 



at or friend, have eccorapaiiied the founder of "Dureforfl to 
id. The family of Prince John's first wifn was Qniong 
the earlier benefactors to the abbey, 

Wc must accept, oti the aathority of the Roll of Battle 
Abbey, with eiicb great or small confidence as may he left 
to that document after Mr. Hunter's criticism, the fact that 
" Kusee" was one of the invadmg army of Normans recorded 
in it. There are many notices of the hmWy in Bi/iuli Scacoarii 
Nortaan : with Mr. Stapletoii's Preface. Vol. i, p. cxxviii: — 
" Henricus de la llossc tenet terram suam de la Ilosse, et de 
Kevilli et de Rothomago, &c. de Rege pro qua debet Eervitium 
Bouteleric." On the same anthorily we have Osbert de la 
Heuaein 1172, in the bailiwick of Ilosa, ii,p.clxxxix,Tastinus 
de liouseio in 1180, i, p. cxxxiv, Henry de la Heuze in 11S9 
paying £7. 7^. ^d. for the pannage of the l^orest of LiUebonne, 
ij, p, cxxvii, and llalph Hose having land in the baili\rick of 
Caux, ii, p. cxlvu. The lief of Heuase, in the bailiwick of 
Moreton, Is described as having been rendered valueless by 
civil war in 1203, ii, p, ccxiix. 

The pedigree of the family of Hussey has been given in 
Dugdale*9 Baronoge, i, p. 632, which is copied in DaJlaway'a 
Eap*i of Chichester, p. 189 ; Sir R. Colt Hoare's Handretls of 
Amhrmhurif^ p 90, of Branch and Dale^ p^ 31 ; Biink's Baronia 
ConceutrataX^-'^^^'t Atkyns's Gloucf3h'r8L^.^^b\ Hutcbina's 
_Ztoj'ff('/,ii, p. G2, as certified by the llemlds' College in 1590; 
Add AISS. No, 571 1, pp. 37, 33 ; HavL MSS. No. 1390 for 
"PiifUationof Shrop^hir^; and Nos. 1550 — 1190 for York and 
Lincoln branches. These authorities do not all concur \ bnt 
it is only necessary on the present occasion to refer to those 
members of the family who were connected with Durcford 
AbboyT and of these many arc named in the chartidnry and 
public documents who do not appear in any of the pedigrees 
above referred to. Dugdnle and, in the latter part> Banks have 
been principally consulted in the following tiible, hut in which 
it has not been possible to connect the earlier members of the 
family by linear descent on good authority. 



IInn7(ij)iiaAr.l,KUal»lhdeBohaa}^AjKlHjni. Bicl»n|- Eluabctlu 





Cbwtinoiim^tit,8ii'II.LoTd^2d,SirBogCTLevtnor. Katherinc: m.SLrE^EnildBmj. 

EliMbf(btin'I,John,iDiiorLd.Brajj2,AiilliOP7,bro,toLd,Wiiid>or. Agnwj m. John 

WtLUAM (a) i^fTccd, in 11B5, with the Prior of Both, os to Innd formerly hclJ 
by liin fulb^r, wilnP3*Mil by Henry tIoe*e rtiid his brother Rodlii^rl, nnj 
by AhmUji Hocbc and Uia brothera. — Maddox^ Form. Anglic, c. 136. 
At p, 1 60, i« u k'ftse givea by Hodbert, soq of Walkelin, witot^at^d by 
hJA Bon OilbiTt. 

Hrxkv df Hoebk (ft\ foimjer of Piireford Ablw^y in llfifi, beld lands in 
Norinnmiy iiiKlcr Prince John, atlerwanis Kii^, Had tivo oooa, 
//pM/^ iind Oeoffiy. 

littiux(r}, the rldeftl e^^H, benefactor toDurefonl on Ihc day or its dedication; 

iiiurriod OUmetttina, duughtt:r of Jolm Port. Hod two boos, f^'ilHaa 
nnd Qffifrtf- 
0E0H'HTf(rf),'*rmiid son orilieiirat-Qnmedir«iry,heH lands of Adam Port in 
CO, IWkg H4U, wnsSUenif ofOifordshire 117^.-^0/.^'/^. Justice 
lliiicriml 1 l8iJ i benofactor lo St. Denis Abbey near Bouthnmpton for 
Uir HiMil rif K-itif^ H**nry H, &c. the dw^il buing witnessed bv " Aildrie, 
Prior of P«reford/' and by Heury, Gilbert, WUimm de Ba* Hubert, 



DUKEFOftD ADBBY. 



47 



unci Walter, nil }l<M^BGA.—MadrIor, Formnl. ^jy^'c. c, 411, p, S48, 
He married Gttndrad, daughter of William, arconii Enr) ile Warren, 
who Burvivf^d him, and as widow, paid 2O0 marcs tn har^ the ward- 
Bhip of lier son ; she rcjinimed Roger tie Newburgb, Earl of Warwick, 
1 133-53). Had two eodb, Efnr^ iiiid Unff^^ de SUple/ord. 

William {*»), eldest son oi Henry and QejnerUina. had his luncU restored to 
him in 1217, after their fieisiu by King Jo\in.^Rot. Clous. 30'1. He 
married Margareia^ and with her hdd Sturtoo, co, Warwick, — Mot. 
Fin. i, 79- Had two sons, Htnrg diid Uuhcri. ' 

HXKHT (/), eldost son of Qmffry nnrl Gnndrpit, held lands in "Wilta and Siihsps, 
of which Henry 11 ilispoHs^aaed him; died ui 1213-4, Had one i^on, 
H(^Ar^, who ]md livery of his luiids iu Wilts 1S13-4, act! from him 
desci'nil the Hiueya <if S/tn^shtre. 

Walter ue Staplefobd (y), second soa of Gcojjy QTid Oifttdretf, gave landa 
to Dureford in 1169, Hb lands iii IreUud were confiscutt^d, but 
restored to Imn iu 1217- 

HcNETof Uerting (A), eldest aon of fTiUiam amUfa?";7flrf/*i, wa3 put into pos- 
aeaaion of *' ihc Abbey of Dureford, within hia fee, and the renta and 
]at\'h of hm lirothrr Hubert,'* iu 1 20S. by ordprs to TKoamft Ksturmy 
and Adam Tisun. Adam do Portu was bail for lum as to the Kinj^'s 
dues. — Rot. Chut. llOfi, Henry w named in the Chariulary* f. 34, 
us " the tUirU " of that name. He married Cecilia, and with luT Itud 
fleiein of I he Muaor of Elin^ps. eo, Southampton, in 1921 {Rot. Claua. 

470), and the Sheriff distrained lira, iu 1222, to take Ideawortb into 
tb(^ Iviog's hiimls (438 h). An Inquisition as to hi« right of buntiag 
hares and foves took place in 1223 {RiU. Clam. 53G). In 1219, it 
was notiiicd to the Sheriff nf Wilta that " Mttnr^f son af Jf^iilism 
Hose" hull paid a fine of 50 marci to the King for the lands wbieU 
had belonged to Geoffry Iluae in FiclieMen and Stiipellotd (Jbi. 
Fin. i, 36), as " conMart/^iiitten-i ef hfrres Ualfridi," ]\m\ 2D marcs for 
couiirmation, 1353. — Hot- Fin. vi, 134. llnd a son, MuthciD. 

HUBE&T(rj, spcorid son q^ ii''il}'iffin iiXu\Mtif{ffiyeta, iiii aHivesohlitr iu rjommand 
of Wallingford Caatle 122*^, and of Mrjuuioiilli, vvldth he repaiicd out 
of the rents of the honour of Mouraonth.— /e<>i. C/ffw* 566, G7G, 5S3, 
59i, flOB. H« had tlie wardslup and marriage of Roger, son of 
Henry, in Dorset and Southampton, ia 1324, given liira (voL ii, 4), nnd 
the landa of William Pipiird in Det'on were given Lim " to supi>ort 
himself In the king^B service." He served in Gnseony in 1226, and 
a suit oguinst him in the King's Eeaeh about StupLeford w^ii.s rus^ 
pcnded on occount of tia absenci-, on the pinrantec of Henry Hotsc 
(ii, 04). He seems to havt been employed in Suasci, nnd received 
orders to release some ships laden with wijie and merehandlse which 
be hod detained at Winehelsen. — Pp. 62U, (345, He marrietl //arryjifl, 
widow of Wilbani Pautulf, in 1234 ; ^he wojs sued for a debt of 7 inares 
dnt from her former husband.— ^/j^. FIk. \, 5fi5- 

HuflH ij) held lands in Ireland, and was excused in 1 207 a fine of 200 marca 
and 2 palfreys for a manor of his father Walter, — Rot. Claus. 96. His 
Innils were distrained for a debt of 400 mares in 1213.—.^/. Claua^ 
iSfl. Seisin was again given Um Juno 30, 1315. — Itot Clam. 23^. 
In 123fi, Hagl received a quit-claim for a fine of 500 marc-s. — 
Rot.Clam.W, IQl. 



48 



DDAEFORD ABBEY. 



MiTni;iw(t), Ron of Hntry and Cet^lra. The hinU of Ifeniy Hiieso in 9«aMT, 
Wilts, Qnd Notts, were dire.ctcd, April 1, 1235, to be Uiken into the 
King's bamla on his death, llmrj, brother of Hubert, imdertook to 
siiti&fy tht; Kiuj us to iK-hla, April 3, 1235.— TPo^, Fin. ii, 15S. 
"Son and heir of Honr^' Hugp " puid, April 9, 1335, a fine of BOO 

marcs to the King for the seisin of his father's Ifitida held in capiie in 
"Wilts, — Rol. Fin. i, i79. Hia lands in Suasex were directed to be 
taken into tliC Kings hnnds, Feb, H, 1253.— ^^ i=T«. ii, 152. 
Died 12B4-5, — Banks. John Mmin-'ffil pnid for tho wmdahip ond 
mnrriage.^^^ ii. 154. Hia lands paid n fine of 50 mnri-a in 1249. 
—Rot. i>H-ii, 67. Held three military fees m the honour of Arundel- 
- TeU. Nevill. 

ll£NaT {f). son Kit dtfaUhem, a minor at his falher'a death, Puid line of 600 
miircs for |iL*i wardship in ^t-i9.^Rf^f. Fin.n,(il. Married, in l2Bft-3, 
Joan, daughter of Alard le Fleming, who hidd Sa])erton as heir to 
John le Fleming, Sheriff of Glostershire.— i^o^. Fal. 37 Hfn. Hi, m. 
£0, He had lieensc, in 12fi6, to krenellate hia mansion At Harting 
(qiinndain plac^am terrtc apiid manoriuni suiun de HArtiag). — Jiot. 
Fat. 50 Hen. I[l, m. 20. Hcdd the nninor of Herting with market 
nnd Tree wnrron in \^1^-\.^RoL Pat In 1280, he held for a dme 
the hindaof Kok'rtdeGrevequcrinKent, — Hot. Fat. Hp look the side 
of theDflrons against the Kingin the dvil wflts. Die*l 1 SSO- OtJ. — Banks. 

Hekry (m), son of Ilfttr^ and Jotiv, snccetided ict- 2't, mid had liverj of hie 
landa. Married hahella, who survived hinij And had douer in Harting, 
PolbfjToughj and Levant. SLunmoned to Furbameut from 1203^4 to 
IS32, when he died-— Sfin^ff. 

Henuv(«), son o{ H^rjf and IntbeUn, succeeded let. 30. Kotherine, his 
second wife, aurvived him. In 1333, he held the manor of Herting, 
and the tenement uf Full Court,— ib^. Pat. In 1337, as *'chivulEr/' 
Ije held Iwo parts of tlie manor and fee of Robert Couk of Herting. 
Summoned to Parliomcnt from IS37 to 1340, wh^n he died on 
July 21. Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey 1338-9 and 1340; patron of 
Diu"eford Ahbej'. 

Mathew (or Mark){o), eon of the ahovo-namodi/f*n/y, died before his father. 

Hehkt (/r), eldc&t son ot Matth^tQ and Margaret^ aucceciled cet. 6, and bad 
livery of hw lanils 1383-4, wbpn he died. Married, in 134.7. 1, 
Elizabeth de Bohun i 2, Anehorrt, who dietl 133'J-90. 

ilfi>nY (j), ibe eldest son, had, in 1 429-30, free warren in Herting manor 
confinned to biui, " mtliti conaimguineo et bercdi Mathei Huse," Ds in 
Chart. 36 Hen. ill {\%h\-^).—RoL PaL ob. a.r. 

During the reign of Ktcg Jolm, many of the Hoese family 
were hi rebellion, and tlieir lauds were seised into the King's 
hands. In 121 7, we have notices of these lands bt:ing restored to 
Mcniy lloese (whose lands and chattels had beeu confiscated 
Jiine^i, 1205 — Gof. C/at/s. 3i)) in Gloucestershire, Somerset, 
Southampton, Wilts, Notts^ Bucks, giving bim "tlie same seisin 
as he had on the day he left the service of King John . , . . ashe 
hsu now returned to our service and fealty, and done homfige to 



DUREFORJ) ABBEY. 



40 



us" — Bof. Clam. 301 ; to^^/^// Hoeseand WilJiomY{o€'%^., in 
Dorset anfl Somerset — Sol. Claits. 304; to Waller, \\'\\o\\^\A 
land at Trentlmm, co, Staflorct in 1 169 — Mapi. ItoL Pip.^nud 
"in Ultonia'* (Ulster) nil his return to Allegiance, tJerei-ersvi — 
Mot. Clans. ;i08 b. IHs son Htfr/h received a qnit ckiin in 
1220 for an old debt of 4(10 marcs due from liis father to 
King John in Ireland — Eol. Clan^. ii, 161 ?■ to Jlt/rl/wlometv, 
iu Oxfordshire and Bedfordsliire — Jlol. ChuN. 306 i» 334. b\ 
to Rk-hard—Rot. Claas. 211. Gcoffrj/ had been disseised 
of his fee in 1213, and hia lands in Wilts were granted, 
April 7, 1217, to Jonrdain dc DucSol. Clans. 305, 

Henry de Hoese had received u grant from the feudal lord, 
the Earl of Arundel, of land aniouutinjc to two knights* fees in 
Herting; and it was on a portion of this domain that the 
convent of Dureford was established. 

Among the many docmnents in the chartulary of the abbey, 
it is remarkable that the original grant of the founder is not 
extant ; but we learn its nature by the recital in the contirma- 
tory charter of Plilary, Bishop of Chichester (U50-1 169) that 

" Htnry dtt Hoesc hnd nith liia ssscnt granted to Berenfror, Abbot ol' 
Welbcck, certain land at DiiTefonl, in ortlcr to buil<! a jilnce for religion, and 

to Rstabliah thorc Reefxilnr Canr>nB of the Pri:nioiiatraton»jan Ordi?r, that liP 

had cnriclieJ It with matiy possc&siojis, anJ cliatlt'is niovi^abli; and iinnioveable, 
and that thfi Bishop had therefore taken the said gift and eatabiiflhraeut of the 
Order into his own haniis, to defend mid protect, and ronaonobly to luainlnlii, 
in uJi lUflttL-ra belungiug to bi> dBce, ns alrenJv uouljnuol by Rojui Charltr."^ 

The confirmatory charter of the king must indeal have been 
given before a.d 1162 ; for among the witnesses to a charter of 
Henry II, granting "to the lepers of Harting and their house 
established hy Menry Iloese" the pmiJoge of a fair for three 
daya at the feast of St. John the Baptist, were " the Chancellor, 
Thomas {a Becket, 1154—1102), William my brother {Earl 
iif Pokfmt^ wjko died at Rome^ 11 C3), and William de Braose'* 
— (f. 3) Mo/ta^L App. 3, Another charter of Henry II, dated 
at Marlborough, allows the "Abbot of Uurt-ford and the canons 
there serving God" freedom from lulls on roads and bridges, 
guarding the privilege by a £5 penalty on dlstnrbcrs ; and this 
was witnessed by William de Hum, constable; Roger Bigot; 
William, son of Adeliza (the second Earl Albini)^Chart. f. 3. 

The original design may huvc been to connect the Abbey 

^ Chaftulnrj, t. 30. MouDBtloon, Ajip. r. 

VIII. 7 



BO 



DUEEPOED ABBEY. 



with the Hospital of Lopera foundeil here by Itenry de Hoese, 
or Roreiigar may have intended to make IJiireford a cell to 
Welbeck ; for in an early docunietit of the time of Henry II, 
'* AiLDRtr, Prior of Dureford/* appears as the first witness to 
a grant of land to the monastery of St, Denys, on the river 
Itchen, given by Geoffry Hoesc {lIomtm\ and severftl others of 
his family, namely, Henry, Gilbert, William, Hosatus de Bs, 
Hubert, Walter, and William, William the clerk of Froxtield.*^ 
This arrangement, at any rate, did not continue long, as we 
find in thenext episcopal charter, that of Bishop John (1173 — * 
1180], the name of Robert, as abbot of Dureford, 

"John, by the grace of God, Bishop of Cbicheater, to all tho aona of 
Mother Cliurch, to whom the pres&nl Charter may oome, greeting lu Cliriat. 

*' Although our wish is to respect tlif^ righla of all muii, ji'L on: wk more 
strictly bound towards those coniiuHtwl ia our oare, who, by tlieir consecration 
lo reli^on, oiid tbe swect-smellinp reputation of pious devotion, are proved to 
be continually, and with ore accord, fighting for Christ, onJ we must, with a 
more attentive an:victy, watch, leat their rights gbould be in ttny way impaired, 

" Wherefore, by the consent of our Chapttrr, wo hftvc confirmed to our dcur 

son Robert, Abbol of Dereford, aiul \m bo'tbrfu there serving God, and all 
their sucetssors cnuonicaJly appoinletl, tbe churt^h of tbe Holy Mother of God 
find always Virgin Mary, and of St. Joba the JJaptist at Uureford, in which 
they ore devoted to divine services, with alt ita appurtenances, an<l we take 
them undor tte prDtectiou of tht" Holy Trinity and of ourselves, thinking it 
riglit lo apccify tbeni in these words \ by the gift of Henry Hose the site 
itself, which i« ealleti Durefard, with its curtilegeasmarked out by the position 
of tlie boundaries {ctim odjaceitfm shU^ sicat iertJiinorHni designttt poitUio H 
eti//t itf/vraeHtiit)^ uud with the additione which Heary Hose the yoiiugfit, his 
heir, has given them, ajs his det'd Antnesseth : by tbe gift of Geraagan imdhis 
wife, that land which Alwyn ISulluc baa held ; by thft gift of Walter Hose de 
Stapulfonl, the land which Wallet the wheelwright I, retf-rTj^t) has held. These 

and all othtr [;ifts which may rcaatmubly nnd justly he offered to them hereafter 
in our Dioeesi% We grant and eoalinn ta bf for evtir prnfitable lo their use. 
Moreover, as lo the Indulgence granted lo tbcru by tbe privilege of ihe Roman 
Chflir, that any person of tl^e Piocese of ChiclieVtcr wlio niay choose to be 
buried among^ them {apnd i/wwj), nnh"fis he has b*'en eieomtniiuieated or 
interdietetl, might be there freely buri<?d. We oaaenl, reserving lioivever the 
cotapeusntion due to that ch)Lrch from which the dead body shidl have bwn 
removed. — Witnesses" — f. SO. 

We may here observe the wise foresight of Abbot Robert, 
thua inducing the Diocoaan not only to confirm past gifts, 
but to promise Ids sanction to all (utiire bfjnefactionSt and 
these accordingly soon came. Tbe succeeding Bishop, 
Seffrid 11. (1 ISO— 1204), professing *' to follow the footsteps 

' Mjuij^AT, Fnmitd. Angl. p. 248. 



DUHKFOHD ABBKY> 



51 



cf Bishop John, after duly conaidering the piety and honesty 
of the said canons^as wellas the slendeiTiessof their receipts, * 
confirmed many fresh gifts, made in the few years elapsed 
since tliose by LLe two Henry Iloesea and Walter Hoesf^. 
The donors were [jriiicipally the landowners of the neighbour- 
hood — Alan de Zuche. Wilhain St. John, Williatn dc Ellcsted, 
Simon de Waira, Ralph Sanzaver, Wilham AUar, William 
Waissebre, Hugh Baci, Robert AgDill, Alan St, George; 
besides men of high station, sueh as, Jocehn^ warder of 
Anmdc! Castle, who both in Ins own [f. 50), and also in the 
confirmatory charter of Kiag Henry H (f. 1), is described as 
"brother to the Queen" (Adeliza, widow of Heniy I, re- 
married to William, Earl of Arundel}. The King's confirmation 
was witnessed by Richard Tocliffc, Bishop of Winchester ; 
Peter de Leia, Bishop of St. David's ; and by " GeofiVy my 
son, Chancellor." This was Geofiry Plantsgenet, son of fair 
Rosamond, Archbishop of York and Chancellor in 1183 — 
U S9 ; and the grant must therefore have been given between 
those two dates. William de Braose gave them a tun of red 
wine for masses, and the saltpan Herdopnre; William, Earl of 
Arundel (1170 — 119G), charged land with the payment of a 
silver marc ; and *' Richard the parson of Eilcst^de, with the 
consent of his brother Robert, ' had given the canons the 
tithes of the laud at Wyhuse, on condition of their presenting 
to his own church annually at Michaelmas half a pound of 
incense. 

Building was probably gohig on at the abbey about this 
time, and William le Vcsaelir, knight, provided them with a 
quarry at Wyhus {(. G5). Another of this family afterwards 
gave them all his land at de la Holme for the rent of a pair 
of white gloves (jfuKi/ipar alharum cirot/ic'e€irttm) at Easter, or 
one penny j and even this penny was soon remitted (fF, 68, 69, 
70). The estate at Wyhus was made more complete by Urao 
de Lintes giving them the pasturage there ; by Robert de 
Vilirs giving up to thera the encroachment they had made 
in the adjoining marsh (f. 72] ; and by Alan de St. George, 
who gave them legal right "to the encroachment they had 
made near hia land at Wyhus in hia common pasture, as far 
as he or hia heirs conld do so," but annexing a remarkable 
condition which evidences his opinion of the grasping spirit of 



S2 



DUaKFOllD AUiSEV. 



those he had to dciil with, " that they should be incapable of 
receiving anything more in future from himself or bis heirs " 
{ea co/we^ilione quod ipsi 8?ii d me vd heredibus nteis plus in 
pofiferftm itott pomhd accipere, and stipulating also for a con- 
venient road through the enclosure (f. 7i). 

The gil'ts of Henry Hoese the younger having been of uo 
less iiuportauLT Ihau those of his father, he lias been frequently 
cousidei'od ns the founder; but his charter^ takes care, before 
reciting Ids own, expressly to confirm liis father's gifts. These 
cousisted of the site and mill of Diircford, the meadow from the 
county boundiiry to the britlgCj witli abundant pasture and fuel, 
the land of VureatStauden, with the chapel there, and a third 
of the tithes of the domain at Standen, with some land and 
reclaimed land {ussart), on condition of providing ornaments, 
vestments, and lights for this chapel, and also a fit resident 
priest acceptable to the donor and his heirs (f, IS), also tithes 
uf bis pannage, and all the tilhes of cheese from his domain 
pastures in Herting, except one piece of cheese belongiug to 
the church of Herting, 

He then enumerates his own grants, incideutally proving 
that the church of the abbey had not been completed and fledi- 
catcd in In* fiithi^r's time. In another charter, indeed (f. 10), 
he grants the canons any quarry or marl-pit, wherever ihey 
may be found ui his manor, to build the abbey {ad tibbaciam 
cofwtncGnrlain.) '* Moreover I have given, " he snys," in pure 
and perpetual alms, to endow the said church of Dureford on 
the day of its dedication," a rent of 25«, from the mill of 
Haggcbcden, in return for which the canons undertook (row- 
ceaacrtint) to oflcr a daily moss on the newly consecrated altar 
of the Holy Cross, and keep a lamp burning night and day 
before? tho high altar, lie gave also on this solemn occasion 
all his wood on tht; west of the London road from Dureford 
to Styngel, and conflrmed Ills wife's gifts which she enjoyed 
in Viht^ro mariifif/io from her father's fee, nlohn de Port, by 
whieh he secured a daily mass of St. Mary before her altar. 
He had at first made a grant which proved so inconvenient, 
that he now commuted it for 15j*. rrnt, chargnd on a mill at 
Littleton, His object appears tn have been to provide food 
tor the canons, and he bad originally granted them every 

' ChftiHul^ f- 7 I *^<^ in Manatt- App- i. 



DUREPORD ABBEY. 



5S 



tenth quurter of corn used in his household, wherever he 
iiiigUt bi^j auJ tlie tenth of all tbe Dieat in his larder. The 1 5ff, 
were to be spent in the kitchen of" the refectory by two canons 
selected for the purpose. After contirmiug also the gifts of 
others iu his fee, including Stathorp from Walter Hoese, he 
concluded by " enjoiiung all his heirs and his liegemen to 
love, protect, and maintain the church," and "corroborated 
the deed by his scnl, for the souls of King Henry cud King 
Richard, of W'illiam, Erirl of Arundt-l, of his father, mother, 
himself, hia wife, and children, bis predecessors and succeflsors ; 
the witnesses being Seffrid, Bishop of Chichester (Oct. 1180 
— 12U4): Christopher,'* Abbot of Waverleyi Robert, Abbot of 
Leiston* ; Giiido, I'riorof Southwick^^; R, Prior of St, Denis; 
R., Archdeacon of Snrrpyi Adam de Port, H. de Perci, William 
de Alta Ripa, R. Sanzaver, and others/' 

Judging from the date of Abbot Christopher, and the 
mention of King Richard, Ijii^ deed must have been given 
between the ycai-a IISO and 1196, and most probably on the 
very day when these great ecclesiastics were assembled for 
the consecration of the church. It was an im])ortnnt cou- 
cession that this deed sanctioned the gifts of the liegemen, 
as no profits derived from land could otherwise have been 
withdrawn from the feudal lord. 

Previous to this, the charter of Wiliiam, Earl of Arundel, 
who died in 1176, had spoken of "the canons regular of 
Herting/* with no mention of Dui'eford (f 44). 

Two silver marcs a year were given for the mass of St. 
Mary before alluded to, at the feast of St. Michael, by William, 
Earl de Warenne (f. 45), 

Although we have already noticed grants of stone quarries 
to build the abbey, yet the destruction of all the buildings 
has been so complete, that their form and extent, acd the 
dates of their construction, are wholly unknown. It was, of 
course, one of the first cares of the convent to advance the 
building of their church so as to admit of its solemn dedica- 
tion, and this seems to have occurred before the end of the 



■ CbriBtopherhadbwnAbbotofBrnem, 
and surcojued (ho monk^ Honrj of Chi< 
(<|k«tar, fc Abbot of WnTtrlcy, in Murray. 
Ho wn^ remoTed frum hu ofllw in 1106- 

' Tho FrcmoiuitrklcnsLan CAnt^iis oF 



LeLflton, in StiflbDc, were fou&dod m tbe 
ywr 1182- 

^ Tlie Auguatinuiu Oa&ou of S^uUi- 
hii>k, (wuntj of Hulls, wen foimdMl m 
1133. 



S4 



UUREFOKU ABBKV. 



twelfth century. There were probably ndditiom to it, or 
allerationa made subsequeotly ; but of these the only traces 
we BOW have are a few dispersed mouldirgs and capitals 
of stone, which appear to belong to the thirteenth century, 
except one of a crocketcd pediment apparently of a later date. 
The active energy and kindness of Richard G, P^Minty, Esq.. 
of Petersfield, have searched out these relics, and furnished 
drawings, from some of which the woodcuts are taken. There 
are also remaining the curved foliage of the bosa of a vault in 
high relief but much defaced, and the half figure of a man as a 
corbel supporting a flat stone i a large heavy stone mortar also 
is lying in the garden, 16^ inches across the bowl and 12 inches 
high, in which perhaps the pepper, mustard, cumin, and other 
condiments of the conventual kitchen were formerly pounded. 




DUllEVOUT) AUliEY. 



56 





Among the early benefactors lo tho abbey were the suc- 
cessive Earls of Gloucester ; Enrl William (1147-1173); and 
his Countess Hawysift gave itpart of the moor towards Fcters- 
field, and three acres near it, as well as freedom from toll for 
all their purchases of food and clothing in the market there^ 
{quietanciam de ovrnibus acatis mis qua? pertinent ad vicium el 
Vftififtim Hhrma^ f. 190). Their daughter Isabella and her 
husljfliid, John, Earl of Morton, afterwards king, " for the sake 
of holy piety " [diviM pietatis i/i^flrt/^, confirmed Ihi8(f. 191). 
Earls William, Gilbert, GeofFry, and AJmeric followed the 
example, the latter addiag the graut of a certain encroachment 
bttweeii the abbey's assart and his own, and of a tenement in 
Mapulderbam of 10^ acres of land, pannage for ten piga, and 
all the mill at Chalfuertti, with a piece of timber (^/^^^/wz/ffw/ffwi) 
annually from hia wood to repair the mill, requiring only 1 lb. 
of cumiu at Michaelmas as rent (ff, 192-197, 179). The 
Countess llawysia, when a widow, ht the express purpose of 
masses at Nutstede {ad ho^tias rra codem loco co/fsccrandas) for 
the soul of her Intc husband, whose anniversary waa accord- 
ingly to be kept, had given Ifi acres of assart there, and the 
liberty of pasturing the oxen of the convent with those of her 
domain, when they came lo plough there (f, l(i8). 

This territory of the abbey at Nutstede was afterwards 
augmented by the distresses of their neiglibours. GeofFry 
Cook {eocus) and his wife Eve, when in need, gave them up a 



ik 



V^AWMM 4»UT. 



. L..iL lI^,.... r^u iL!. i.i«i4^ 14^ aiuC9 being paid down, and four 

i\-4fX, ill colli [H'lisa lion (iff gersfma in mat^/io 

. uuU tt^Aiu were tlioy obliged to have recourse to 

k'.iiwv vif thv Pftuoiis, surrendering on one occasion 

' d aci'VkS tor £d. rent and 20 silver niarca, ^' to free 

Uit^ lifciiil hv'iM tlui hands of tlic Jews/' Anoth<?r arrc was 

added lt> thi» b_v their son Gwido (ff. IIQ-M^). The same 

iuoti\o " to get fr£>c from debt to the Jews/' also induced 

Peter Crtiepi and his wife Matihla to give up some land at 

a utated for 1 6 mares paid down, and half a pound of cumin 

(f. 179). 

On May 11, 1204, at Southwick, Simon, the elect Bishop 
of Chichester, delivered tlie Charter of King John, confirmatory 
of all previous grants to Dnreford. This was witnessed by 
Herbert Poore, Hishop of Salisbury ; Philip Poietit»rs, Bishop 
of Durham ; Geoffrey Fit7 Piers, Karl of Essex; William 
Longespee, Earl of Salisbury; Henry de Bohun, Earl of 
Hereford ; William de Wurennc, and others (f 4). 

The important gift of the church of St. Bartholomew at 
Rogiite was also made by the charter of Ht^nry Hoese the 
younger, " as far as a lay person could make such a grant" 
(f.l7; J/o/;«^/,^/j/;.ivO, reserving, however, the annuity of 35^. 
to the foreign monks of Say; and Dureford never acquired 
any other church. He made an exchange with the abbey, 
giving it some lands, "with the wood of Bikenor, in Mapul- 
derhftm^ sufficient for the support of two canons, who were to 
say two masses daily for the family of Iloese/'and receiving 
back from his father's grant what hu describes as " a close in 
Dureford where is a garden aud my residence" {ihahvufi^ 
mem]" f. £4. This grant of Rogate Church was, made with 
the consent of his wife Cecilia, and liis son Henry, the thu'd 
of that Damn, and was afterwards sanctioned by three bishops 
of Chichester — Seifrid II, who "consideri^d the piety and 
the honesty of the canons, as well as the slenderness of their 
rent" (f. 33); Simon de Welles, ''who had in view their 
religioti and poverty" (f. 31); ami Richard Poor. A sub- 
sequent dispute, however, arose as to the right of presentation 
to the church, upon the death of Hubert Hoese, rector of 
Rogate, which Bishop Ralph determined hi favour of Henry 



nURBFORD ADBEV. 



67 



ITocse (f 34). The confirmatory charter of Archlnshop 
Richard Wethershed (1220-31] included Rogate church 
among all the other grants made " to liis beloved son Robert, 
Abhot of Dureford,*nnd the hrrthrcn there serving God" 
(f. 35). The date of this charter, however, seems at too long 
an interval from the earliest mention of Abbot Robert to 
ailow ua to suppose him then living ; but there is no record 
of bis death. 

Some of the lands of the convent belonging to Rogate 
cliurch lay in the parish of llerting, on which Giles, the rector, 
claimed tithes. A comprotuise of this dispute was arranged 
in 12Si4, on the feast of St Mark, by the arbilralioa of 
William de Ra}Tiesham, the bishop's official, who sent his 
award to R., the rector of Lovington, A., canon of Chichester, 
and R. de Westbiirton, rector of Lintes [Lhich./our mhs 8. B. 
/torn Df/rrford), deciding that no tithes should be paid except 
on the Heccrofte (f. IM). 

In one of his charters, Henry Hoese says, " I have given 
with my body [ctfm corpore vwo) for the support of the brethren 
in the infirmary/' certain houses, an assart, and a sheep-farm 
{quodtlftm mmrfum ei barkeriam^ mam\ which niakeait proba- 
ble thitt this benefactor uas buried within the convent which 
he had done so much to establish (ff. 18, 10). 

Henry Husee the third gave the canons the area which 
they had enclosed on the east side of the mill de la Hurst 
(f 29). 

After Robert, the Chartulary presents the name of William 
as Abbot of Divrcford. 

In 1337, he agreed to let aomc pasture between Graffhara 
and Ileyshot to Henry, son of Henry de Port (f. 57) ; and in 
November 1238, the grant by Geoff'ry Hoese of the third part 
of a fee in Eblynton wa^ confirmed by the Justices in West- 
minster to Abbot William and the convent, who, in return, 
undertook to rememher his kinsman Henry Hoese in all their 
church offices and prayers {rectyni IL If. i)i mt^itlv'i offlcHn ei 
oratmMus tn ecchttia) (f. 141). 

On the estate devolving upon Matthew Hoese. deeds of 
exchange look place between hira and William on April 20, 



bi-rUicibiuali-DJia idouetu: pncdii vpecka 
VIIT. 



etiom mm Hgro ; tdtvcx, bf^r-bix, berbU, 
brabis," — DocAVOKi 



68 



DUREFORD \BBET. 



1^36 ; and again, in 1243, an exchange of lands was agreed 
upon, one of the conditions being tliat the convent should pay 
him as rent a pair of gilt shoes {par calceormn deauraforum) 
(f,22), ThesaniPparties had dealingsn^ain in 1344, Theright 
of the canons to the tenth portion of all the bread, meat, and 
fish, wine, beer, and cider, nscd iu the very honse of Matthew 
lloese, as enjoined by a previous grant, thongh commuted 
by the original grantor for a money payment, as we have seen, 
appears to have been revived ; and we may easily presume 
it to have been found extremely vexatious and inconvenient- 
Its formal surrender was now made before the Justices Jollan 
de Hemle nnd John de Cobehnm in the King's Court at 
Westminster, and was balancud by a gmnt of 5^ oxliides, 5 
acres of land, 20 acres of meadow at \^d. rent, 21b. of wax^ 
and 1 lb. of cumin. The tenth cheese was, liowcvcr, retained 
by the abbey {except lOlb. allowed free to Matthew Iloese 
as ^* Lord of Hcrtiiig"), as also the paniinge for their swine, 
and the liability to provide a fitting chnplain for Hcrting 
(f. 130). The supply of wax was incrcaGcd by another donor, 
Robert de Walegrei do Staunton, who gave Rome land in 
T rotton to the abbey, and also a pound of wax for the feast 
of St. Michael, 

The next abbot to whose documents dates are given was 
Vai.estine, under whom the convent cnnfinnnd to enlarge its 
possessions. Matthew [loese wasinflaenccd tn grant leave to 
make such fishponds aa might hr. needed on his monr, to nut 
a watercourse to them through his lands, and to enclose them 
with ditch and hedge {f, 22). Valentink also appears in 
other leases, signed by the parties alternately with their seals ^^ 
(ff.04, 10:3), 

A hospital or laaar-housc had been established in Hei'ting 
by Henry lloese, the founder of Dureford, with the sanction 
of the Albinis, who appear to have been early henefoctors 
(before 1140) to the cnief of such houses. Burton Lazars,^* 
in LeiceatiTshirc. One of the first donors to these lepers 
[leproais) of St. Lazarus was Agnes, wife of Hugh Gimdevillc, 
who, with coijsent of her husband, "out of her pure inherit- 
ance," gave them " four acres in Upton^ in Est Horting." for 

IB «iHiuiQ eartain cyrompLiitum sipl- " HiohoU* Idioat^T, u,p 1, 373* 

111 nottm alt^rriBtim oonnrmBtimuM/' 



DUREFOftD ABBEY. 



59 



the redemption of the souls of ber relations and forefathera, 
William of the Hospitikl ■ Ralph, Archdiacon of Wiuchestec 
(a, D, 117]); Karl Roger de Clare, and Richard hig brother; 
Richard de Caiiiville, William de Caisneto, and others, con- 
firmed this (f. 145). At the feast of St. Michael in 1212, 
"Brother Michael, Master of the House of Lazarus in Eng- 
land, and its convents," gave Ilemy Hocae a quit-claim of 
all his authority in Ilertiiig (f. 145, the MS. is imperfect). 
As the lands of the hospital were principally in TJplon and 
Est Hurting, the convent perhaps became jealous of a rival 
power so near them. Abbot VALiiNTi>E succeeded in buying 
up all their land by a payment of six score marcs (£80) made 
to "Ten'icus Alemannus,'^ by the grace of God the humble 
Master of the very poor soldiery of the House of St. LazaruB 
of Jerusalem and the brethren of the said house dwelling in 
England/' This sale had been sanctioned by a general Chapter 
held at Burton, the money to be applied to the purchase of 
other lands (f, 106). An action was brought against Dure- 
ford alter this sale by Walter de Upton, aa the feudal lord; 
but the convent s defence was that it had been put into lawful 
seisin of the land by a lute Earl of Arundel ; and at the assizes 
at Lewes in lii48-9, this plea was allowed (f. 133). In order 
to complete this acquisition, Abbot Valentji^b also exchanged 
the convent's lands at Stanligh for some lands held in Ilerting 
of the brethren of St, Lazar, by John» Prior of the neighbouring 
monastery of Wolinebmcrc ^^ (f. 107). The interests of other 
tenants "of tho hospital wore in like manner bought up, and 
fresh leases given them by Uureford. Abbot Valentikk took 
care also to secure the sanction of Walter de Upton and his 
wife Matilda to these changes in his fee, by paying them 
seven marcs in the King's Court at Lewes, November 12, 
1248 Cf. 13S). 

The last-dated transaction of Abbot Valkntink was the 
formal record in the King's Court at Westminster, in June, 



^ Tliu nune do«a not occur m tbe 
UoiuBt, ri, 633. 

^* The Monsat. vi, 6S0, does not ^ta 
the ni&tue of lliia prior. l.iiiclim<To is \ha 
name of ihe ppri»h iir n-kicli (he prrory of 

Sliulbr^' Au, aixd bj lUu latt«r u&mo it 
la more usunUj known, 

^ Uevry Tik« uhI KoWt de Kulle, 



ftnd Walter Tylxfl» in 1261 \ Haurj Pm 
ond Robprl floriM, vho lipid lutnl nT. Up- 
ton, grniited bini hj '^Brother Oabcrt, 
Ilie Uuniblo inA»tt?r nnil winlen uf iiw 
lioiiHoof 3t. LfliEiruB ot Burton" (H'. 113, 
lU, 116,109)' MaAtorOabert'fl TiDmema; 
bu added io Lite MoiiutiooLij jij fi3fl. 



mrEBFOBU ABBEY. 



I'lfil, uf tliu K''^!' ^'f f^iir acres of land end three of wood in 

SViirttbolU:, mantiul Ui Duiufunl by Henry le Chauncclir and 

" IN wifu Cix'ilitt, 111 return Ibr which the canons engaged to pay 

1ll>. of |ir|yji!r hinl II pair of wlut« gloves, or one penny in 

|i*'(i tliiiR'of, UH (cut at MiehiRhuiis, and to remember the 

i\mm'% in all tlivir pmyt-rs (f, 15G, f. UjO). 

'riio JiJiUiorM of M:i|)][;ilurliam and Petersfieid had been 

iviuin \2\7-H hy Kirliard, liarl of Gloucester, to his brother 

"illimn disChue, and in 12j8, when the lives of both brothers 

IwnriJ ijininrilliHl by llin triwielitrrouB poison of Walter de Scotuey, 

||t Utiik mn\ olH-ri on WiNiimi^wljo, nftcr his death ut Rother- 

Mi\. wuft lirnu^lit to a (<mvu*^ ux Dnrtford Abbey, where he 

'Wua piobrdily |)luiHid in biinour by the side of Henry llocse. 

Ill liM, variiiUH kuuiII grnnts were made to the abbey. 

For thu lunil of Hn»ccln>K:, f^ivun them by Henry Tripet, the 

^CUinonM uiTi> to piVrtrnl n wax raiidle of lib. weight on every 

[ luaot uf St. t ioorgti to Ihr Claiivh of Trotton ; and this is duly 

rfiiuinliHl by Miirttor Riihanl, rector of that parish, and by 

TlmmuH, tbo Hon and hrir of John St- George, who received 

B(U. IVir hm ei»n tin motion [\\ SI). Sir Ralph Saniaver, at the 

tibiut uf St. Vvivx ud Vim-uhi (Kug- Ut), on the receipt of six 

' tilviT inaiTM, Norure<l for tht^m a gift of John de la Here's land 

at Uipii^loy ; anil this grant waA honoured on the same day by 

tlir ruidlrnuitory snal of the great Simon de Montfort, Earl of 

ljoi<vHler for which six silver mares were paid him, and a 

rent of IIU. promised to him nnd his heirs (f. 94). 

Aiiionir the nitaiis of testifying their gratitude to their 
many ht^aefactora, besides "admitting them and their heirs to 
all rejiirnibrances and prayers in their church," the canons of 
Diu'tjrurd adopted the expedient of displaying then' armorial 
bearinf;s on the encaustic tiles of their pavement. I must 
ngnin thankfully acknowledge the able aAsistanee afforded by 
Mr. Minty in laboriously collecting and arranging specimt^ns 
of the broken tiles, which have been from lime to time dug 
up near a barn in the adjoining farmyard, or scattered else- 
wnere. Many of these are very inti^retiting, as bearing the 
arms of Ihe founder and principal benefactors of the abbey; 
and by the kindness and liberality of the present proprietor, 
the llev. William Lcgge, these have been collected for the 

^* Viooeol'a Brwiic, from Boot of To*fkjbiirj» t-d. I<ia3. |k 220. 




'^ 



&UIIEFORD ABB£r> 



61 



Instrahon of this memoir, and specimens of tliem will be 

p^ deposited in the Society's Museum at Lewes. The cxpe- 

PBTienced skill of \V. S. Walford, Esq., and Augustus W. Frauks. 

Esq., lias enahled the artist to represent in their restored form 

the fifteen tiles on the opposite page, though foiirul in mutilated 

fragments. The original tilea measured G inches square. 

1 No. 1 represents the arms of France (three flturs-de-Iis) 
^K betwixt two birds. This tile has been printed as No. 21 
^B in Mr- J, G, Nichols' E<£amphs of EncaiisVic T'Jq^^ from 
^p Warblington Church. 
^2. A two-headed eagle on a lozenge. 

S. A two-Leaded eagle, charged on the breast wnth a shield, 
bearing a lion rampant. This, as well as No. 2, was pro- 
bably a compliment to Richard, King of the Romans. 
It is No. 20 of Mr. Nichols , from Warblington, 
4. A fine heraldic tile, from which one coat is missing. The 
three remaining are — 

1- A lion rampant, probably for Fitz-AUen. 

2. On a chief two mullets — St. John- 

3. On a chief three roundles — Camoys. 
The bases of these shields point to the corners of the tile. 

U. A smaller tile than the rest, being 5^ inches sr)Uarc, It 
has two coats repeated opposite to one auother — 
1. Three chevrons — Clare. 

3. Three bars — though the ermine chief is not 
shown— probably Ilussey, 
This ia No. 19 of Mr, Nichols' from Warblington. 

There is also an imperfect fragment of one tile here given, 
which has the appearance of representing coats of arms ; but 
the heraldry is iodistiiict, and the shields 
moy be merely oniamental devices ; si- 
milar instances occur in other medieval 
works of art. Besides the tiles above 
noticed as having been found at War- 
hUngton, in Hampshire, fonr others simi- 
lar to those at Um"i;ford occur at Ituriton. 
in the same county. The ornamental 
patterns are peculiarly elaborate, too much 

perhaps to produce much effect as a pavement. They 




63 



DCREFORD ABDEV, 



resemble in style those in the Chapter House at Weatminstcr, 
and sonic of tnoae from Chcrtscy, The some patterns occur 
at WorLlingtoii, East Sheea. St. Cross, and Winchester. 

The next abbot whose name we can trace m the cliartulary, 
after an interval of some years, ia John ; and this Christian 
name is attached to all the docntueiits dated between 1363 
and 1286; but wc cannot fix his election or his death, and 
indeed there may have been two abbots of the same name in 
thia space of time. 

The transaction of 1263 was of a singular character, and 
marks thi; skill of the canoiia of Dureford in turning to account 
their own encroachments. Though they had without authority 
enlarged their own enclosure of the moor near their house, 
Henry de Ferring and his wife Amicia bound themselves ou 
August 1, 12C3, not to claim this back, and to guarantee it to 
them, if the consent of the bishop and of the vicar of Rogate 
could be obtained to their building a domestic chapel at their 
owu expense (f. 100). " Brother Jons, by the patience of 
God, Abbct of Dureford," ratified this excellent bargain *'on 
the day of St. CecQia the Virgin (Nov, 22) 1263," and allowed 
"au oratory to be constructed by Simon de Ferring and hia 
wife within their hall at Weuliam,'^ in which divine offices 
might be celebrated by a Chrialiau chaplain when they 
wished," on condition that tbey and all their hotisehold should 
attend the parish church of Kogate four times a year, at 
Cliriatnias, Easter, and the feasts of St, Barthubnicw and of 
the Dedication, and should thert on uath promise to pay their 
offerings to the vicar, under penalty of the oratory being 
interdicted (f, 101). 

On their great festival of St. John the Baptist this year, 
Philip Watelyc of Herting borrowed of the abbey 32*. 4d. 
on his pledging to it bis meadow and houses at Byfield for 
seven years, after which time all right to the property whs to 
lapse to the abbey, il' the loan were not repaid. This clauee 
took etFect accordingly in favour of the abbey in 1270 (f. 121), 

'* Robert, the rector of Mapledurliam,*" agreed with the 
convent in August 1265, as to tithes on their gardens, "ex- 
cept the old garden which lies within the enclosure of the 
monastery, on which no tithes had ever yet been paid ; " and 



DUREFORD ABBEY. 



()3 



HpTiry, the rector of Staunton, made a similar agreement that 
year for the small tithes of Brokeshole in Trottoii [t 40). 

The manor of Soiinewort.h in Hampshire was hclcl on the 
service of providing one soldier, and consisted of " 53 acres 
of land, 16 of wood, and 2 of meadow in Mapiildram/' as 
appeared in a suit at the Winchester assise, January, 1256 
{f. 16G); and of this manor the abbey became possessed in 
1267, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hereford, 
had granted it to Roger Loveday, with the reservation of the 
due feudal services, and also a pair of gold shoes at Easter as 
rent, This was at Christmas given over lo the abbey by Roger 
Loveday on payment of 24 marca a year with penalty of 
distraint. From this burden^ however, it was soon relieved, 
Roger Loveday giving a quit-claim, and the generous carl also, 
" moved by piety and for the welfare of his soul, and desirous 
of promoting the good of the convent of Uureford, released 
the payment," and contented himself with the gold shoes 
■ without the aioney. Duplicates duly sealed of tins deed were 
agreed to be kept by Abbot John aud Roger Loveday by an 
indenture dated at Dureford, 17 Kal^ April (March 17)^ 1267 
(f. IfiS). 

A chum of Richard de Denemede, and the interest of John 
de la More at Sonneworth, were brought up by Abbot John 
(ff, 103, 1G4)» Every grant seemed always to be the fore* 
runner of others iu the same neighbourhood, William, son 
of Otway, gave "for the support of the canons lying in the 
infirmary, land at Somieworth, and pasture for 100 sheep, 
12 oscn, and 4 cows in his own pafituro, a portion of grnsa 
{vGstttranf). and autticicnt fuel {J^tfaill) from his wood • , . . 
for an annua! payment of \^d. and not more" (f, 147). The 
fiame donor afterwards enlarged his grant, under the pressure 
of need, by two yardlands at Sonncworth at 12^. ront, and 
another on the road to Challon (r^flM?/otf .'^ at 4*. rent, "for 
which grant and confirmation/' he says» "the canons have given 
niG, in my great need, to release nie from the hands of the Jews, 
22 silver marcs (£14. 13*. 4rf.) and a palfrey, and 40 ewes, 
.and 50 wethcra, and 50 land)s, and have also given my wife 
'Johanna a golden ring and 2j.> to my heir Ralph another 
golden ring, and to my son Simon a silver brooch {Jnnaculmtt) 
and y\d., and to my son Robert y'viy (f 147.) 



m 



DURBPORD ABBEY, 



This propitiation of all the parties interested by small gifts 
was an expedient to imply their assent to the deed- A rent- 
charge of 2*. which the same parties had given to " William, 
son of Master Thomas de Cbalton, formerly rector of that 
place/' was bought up hy the convent paying 2 marcs (ff. 149, 
154), The third Wilhnm de Albini, Earl of Snasex,^ confirmed 
this (f. 154), aa did also Ralph the son, who added, on the 
receipt nf 12 marcs from the convent, '' brushwood to mend 
hedges from ihcwQod(cfai/8turam adsepes clar/dem/as in bosco)" 
Ralph's credit seems to have been bad, forGwydo de Merlane, 
to whom he owed ten pounda and forty pence, or 20 acres of 
land, with 2^. rent in his manor of Soimeworth, tninsrerred 
the debt to Diireford Abbey (f, lofi). After acquiring by 
gift or purchase tlic riffhtsof several other parlies (if. llC-120, 
131) in llerting, a solcnm deed of confirmation was given 
to the convent on the feast of the Holy Trinity 1271, war- 
ranted by William Husee, Robert Ic Fankencr, Roger de la 
Futte, Phihp Whatelcy, John de la More, William Brnn, Henry 
Whitside, Robert Samson, and others^ who had all previously 
enjoyed some rights of property in Westllartmg; and to this 
was added the sanction of "Sir Ilenry Hiisee.Lord of Harting," 
with his license to enclose and build upon the land (f. 132), 

About 120S), another light was provided for the church on 
St. John's day by Gervase de Alrnoditon.who for this special 
purpose gave a rent-charge of 2ff, a year ** for the benefit of 
his own soul and that of his wife Oselie" (f, 54). 

It was very important to the convect to obtain fidl pos- 
session of the manor of Rogate, and tbb object seems to 
have been effected in the year 1270 hy Abbot John. Sir 
Thomas Paniel bad purchased for 30 marcs all the rights of 
John Boun, son and heir of Franco dc Boun (the Bohnns of 
Midhurst), on the easy condition of prest^nting a rose annually 
at the feast of St. John the Baptist, Juno 2jth (f. 135), fortu- 
nately a season when even in those days of rnde horticulture, 
roses were not scarce ; and when Sir Thomas Parnel transferred 
all his right to the abbey, the feudal lord, John dc St. John, 
renounced in its favour "all his rent in the manor, with the 
homages, services, wards, reliefs, escheats, and all other privi- 
leges," retaining only the same pleasant tenure of a rose in 

" " Will^miu ConuM Subhhiid toroiUB." 



« 



DDTlEFOar ADDEY- 



fio 



Itne. Hia chnplain, Valentine, was empowered to act as his 
attorney in pulling the abbot and convent into full seisin of 
this gift, and to n-qnire all the tenauts to consider them in 
future as their lords (f, 97). 

The gradual absorption of Burroiinfling property by the 
convent still continued from the gifts of pcrsouR not other- 
wise important. The family of La Dene had property in 
Mapulderhain, and Johanna, wife of Alcbrand de Hoctoue, 
gave the convent a rent of 20^. arising from a tenement there, 
the gift of her father, John de la Dene. This was dniy 
certified in the King s Court at Westminster, on the morrow 
of All Souls, 1270, by Abbot John, Alebrand, and Roburt de 
la Dene (f, 173). Gilbert tie la Dene had in March 1257, 
given liatf his land at Tackelye, and Richard de la Dene all 
his moor called Fordwode, and Roger Loveday transferred the 
rent of half a marc in Mapiilderham, which he Lad purchased 
from William tic la Dene and his wife Anastasia, to Abbot 
Jonv and the convent (f, 1S2), 

Abont 1270, Henry le Chalvers gave the convent some 
important privileges for a rent of 3^. and a payment of two 
marcs ; the meadow of Holemede, with a leatl of water {cut/i 
dncfii Q(/ite)f and a croft enclosed by ditch and hedge, with 
all the grass {euvi fota vestura), and a free road to go and 
return as far aa Tiikdy, the course of which road could only 
be changed by their consent for one equally convenient.'^' 
Henry de Chalvers, apparently the son, increased this gift by 
four measured acres of Longniede, between the land of Genftry 
the cook and the water which conies from Peterafield* Con- 
Btanlia his wife receiviid 2^. in compensation {ifi ffermmn) for 
this, and 14^h 4(/. was paid him in ready money, lieaidcs 3^. Orf, 
rent. 

The lords of Bramher were frequent benefactors. By a 
deed dated at Dnreford, May 23, 12C9, William de Broosc, 
for thirty silver marcs, granted the convent a water-mill, with 
four acres of meadow, and common pasture for six animals in 
the proper season in the wood of Rrokcswode, in West Grin- 
Bted (f. 46) ; and on the vigil of St. Jamca (April 29), 1290, 



tmdi ubi et fnmulls ct aliu suis o1 mme 
et coroflitiibriqijnlrtlit* elTeiatiom' nli[t>ia 
VIIK 



luqUG in Tnki^lti; pdr IIiuaM ct fli^ rodi* 
nd ptfllAnarn Bciuile df* Hniing od Pi^teri' 
fi*-ld" (C 183}- 

9 



66 



DfREPORD ABDET. 



flt Chichefltefi he made an excliaoge " for lands in bia park at 
Pindone" (f, 46). " On examining the indigence {i-j}spi'c(a 
indigeidia) of the canons," he gave them a saltpan and the 
mill of Tarcurtcys; but his Bon afterwards exchanged this for 
another saltpan near the castle of Braniber (f. 49). This 
gdvti occasion to the gift of the quarter of another saltpan at 
Bedelmingcton from Hugh Buci. confirmed by \V. dc Braosc 
(f. 50). Juliana de rb, daughtor of Philip de Braose, waa 
alBo a iKsncfactor. 

The friendly supijort of the Hocses \ras always at hand, and 
fairly fnlfdkd the hijiinctions of the founder of the abbey, 
(Ju Nuvenibcr 10, 127l)> after receiving from William Hoese 
u grant of half an aero above the niarl-pit {supervutrleriajn)^ 
near i^inifcld. in West Harting, for the welfare of the soula 
of th(i ilnnor luid hia wife, the canons took the opportunity to 
ohiflin his sanction to various encroachments which the con- 
vent had been gradually making. *'JonN, by the patience 
of (iod, Abbot of Dnreford/' was a party to an amicable 
ngrccincnl {tandem amabUiter conscutiunt) to drop all plaints 
uj(ainst \Villium Hoese, who, in return, granted to the con- 
vent a (init-clnuu of all their cncroochments, which they had 
nuulc hy Mir ditch round their garden on the south side of 
tini water of Uureford, and by the ditch near his meadow. 
La Uiirbred (reserving only the rights of common pasture 
after the hay had been carried), and rcnonnced in their favour 
all his claims in Eldcland, and the sheep-farm {bercheria) 
which they had constructed on the hills at West llarting. In 
grateful acknowledgment of all which substantial gains, Ahbot 
John presented one goshawk {unum os/ercuvi) to William 
Hoese (f. 133). 

Numerous instances occur iu the chartulary, of Abbot 
John having successfully pushed forward his boundaries 
by enclosing convenient portions adjacent. About 1208^ 
he procured the sanction of Henry Russell of Rogate for 
the encroachment made before the house of the late Hcniy 
le Child (f. 105). Roger Ic Jay similarly gave up a croft 
lying betwccu hia own door and the convent's land of La 
Wiasc (f 102); and Peter de Stuchelithc gave up all his 
land up to the ditch of the canons (f, 89), and, with the assent 
of his wife Agnes, he also permitted Aufrid, the chaplain of 



DURErORD ABB&Y. 



67 



Ferring, to give them up a croft near his house {f. 90}» A 
lease of 7^ acres Lad been given them by Walter de Frilande, 
at a rent of 1 lb. of cumin ; but even from this slight return 
they were soon relieved, and a quit-claim for the cumin 
given them (ff. 89, 92, 93). Another encroachment by a 
ditch round "the East Ryefelde" was also permitted by 
William Hoese, aa the lord of West Harting Cf- 94). The 
lord of Heyshot, John de Percy, was glad (March 6, 1276) 
to exchange his lands near Longmede for a meadow near the 

farden of his own house which belonged to the convent ; and 
oubtless the exchange was profitable to Dureford. Isabella 
de Bmis, mother of William de Perci, had given the field of 
Thopeley, held by the priest of ToUiton, for the sou! of her 
husband Henry; and this, in 1279, was leased out by Abbot 
JoHN(ff, 01,62, CO). 

The unexhausted and inexhaustible fund of the prayers of 
the pious abbot and canons was a most efficacious means of 
exchange in procuring fresh gifts. In the year 1271, Gilbert 
de la Sale and Tiobert le Taupenor granted two acres in 
West Harting to Abbot John, in return for which he liberally 
received them and their heirs into all remembrances and 
prayers withni his church {rccepit eo8 in singulis be^nefidu et 
orationibifs) [f. 137). On the morrow of St, Michael, in 
12bl, Abbot John deputed "brother John Qnyck" to be 
a party, at Winchester, before Solomon de Ross and other 
justices, to the legal sanction of the grant to Durefordof 
7^ acres in Mapulderham by Robert jUdwyne and hia wife 
Amicia, whom the convent promised always to include in 
their prayers (f 171). 

Another canon, brother Henry Ferre, had, a few years 
sooner, furuislied evidence of the aspiring claims of Diu-eford 
in a difiFereiit manner. The jury of the Hundred of Porchester, 
in 1274-5, had reported that he with many others had taken 
14 old sheets of lead from the church of Porchester Castle 
{cepenrnt in ccchsia caalri de Porcf^sfre ami panno^ de plumbo 
fveieres), and had carried tliem off by night, Wc arc left 
without any further explanation of this seemingly lawless 
appropriation. 

The Hundred jury recorded at this time that the Abbot of 
Diu^ford had waiTcn in the vill of Uureford^ and claimed 



es 



DDREFOED ABBEY. 



the same in the lIuDtlred of Wcstbury,^ but thoy professed 
themselvcB igaoront on what grounds. King Henry III had 
indeed granted the ahbot in 1351-2 free warren in his manors 
of Harthig^ Tratingtoii, and Tindeii in Sussex, of Maple Uiir- 
•ham and Suneworth in Hampshirej aud of Eblinton, county of 
WiJts- 

It was about this time that by the charity of Ralph de 
Tomi, his wife Matilda de Derbye, and their son John, " the 
vill of Bristhalmestone/* by their gift of " a ynrdland, with the 
]iorsons on it and a cottage there," wns made to provide a 
burning laoap and a wax candle^ at the cost of \i(I. each, and 
to pay for a daily mass for tho dead at the altar of St. Cathe- 
rine ftt Dureford (f. 47, 4S). 

Thi? Mortiuain Act of Edward I endeavoured to put a check 
upon the landed acquisitions of monastic houses ; but these 
Restrictions were easOy broken ; indeed the same king, by his 
Charter, doted Clipston, March 10, 1^74, so far exempted 
Dui-eford Abbey as to permit its receiving land to the annual 
value of £20, in order to support two chaplains, one secular 
and the other a canon, out of the 500 mai'cs bequeathed by 
Henry do Guildeford and paid by his executors [f, 203). 
Other donors were equally permitted. On July 11, 1275, 
Richard Aldwyne gave a messuage and 24 acres of land, and 
4 acres of alders {ahcti) in Mapuldcrham; and Richard 
Martin gave five acres in Sonmiworth to be in the abbot's 
fee {qtte sit dej'eodo AOboiis) t 197- By a royal letter from 
York, Dec, 2, liS3, otber very considerable gifts to Dureford 
received similar sanction, notwithstanding the Mortmain Act. 
" Richard de Rudehani, the parson of the church of Stoke, 
and Walter de Yping, gave tbe convent 4 messuages, 350^ 
acres of land, 8^ of meadow, 10 of alders, 13s, hcL reut in 
Mapuldeiliam ; and the gift of a messuage, 26 acres of land, 
1 acre of meadow, 4 of moor, by Richard Adchele, was valued, 
by the King's cscheator beyond Trent, Rieliard de Clare, at 
103*. 4f/., in part satisfaction of the £20 aUowed" (fl. 221. 204), 
The estimate perhaps was purposely lowered, in order to favour 
the convent. In 1318, many other gnmts followed, of land 
at Burilou and VVestertoD, from tbe same liberal "parson of 
Stoke*' (f. 212); and uf 31 acres from John de Brndcfurd 
^ Hot. Hundred, 3 ^dvt. 1, 11, yp. 2U, SlO, 21U. 



DrUEFOllD ABBEY. 



00 



(f, 209) ; of land from Peter de la Chaumbre (f. 217) ; and of 
land in MiipulderLam, from Hugli Dandcle (f, 20G), 

The laat dated deed of Abbot Joii\ was a lease of some 
land at Chitliurst, signed at Dureford on St. Georges day 
(April 23) 12Sfi, in which the tenant undertook to close and 
guard tlie abbot's wood, la Wyke (f. 95). 

The remote situation of Dureford occasionally caused its 
omission when the king applied to other monasteries of the 
same order for their prayers and masses on behalf of his 
deceased relations. This was the case in 1296, when Edward I 
wrote from Aberdeen ou the death of his brother Udmuiid ; in 
1300, on the occasion of his cousin Edmund Duke of Corn- 
wEiU's death; and in 1305, when the French queen^ sister- 
in-law to the English Queen Margaret, died. (Ryaicr's Jb^t/,) 
Ou the occasion however of levying an aid ^^purjillv marier" 
in 1289, the king sent the abbot of Dureford the customary 
writ for his contribution.^ 

The valiuitioii of the convent's property prepared for taxa- 
tion about tbis time, has been partly handed down to us by 
an entry in the ctiarlulary (f. 144) : — 

"TLe clkurcU of the jnanaskTj of Dtrforde, taied A.r. 1392. 
Ill the bishoprick of Wbubester — ^i- j, d. 

Allblte . . . . 100 acres . . . , 27 
Sonnewerthe, , . . 200 „ - ... B 13 ft 
Dvcham .... 180 ,,,,,, I) 56 3 
Wtstoii , . . . 240 „ , , . . 5 2 
gundhiiTBt . . . . 8U 1, . . . . 2U 
Li: Htnth . . , . 108 „ . . ■. , B 20 

Also the Tannery, valued at 40 

Also in tilt? county uf VVini-hegttr— 

In rents valuerl ai 

8unL of Ihi: ivhuk Taluatioa in the ) 
bUhoprick of Wun?he5ler j 

Of which tte tenth h £6'^ ^i<^', — iiumcly, SSjt, 0\tl^ for one moicly, Jinil 
Sft*, i\id. for thn i>ther moiety. 
" [n the hishoprick of S^tliahnry — 

For tcuemunta in Okeburne and Uuryn^on, for moiety 3#. 9irf. ; snia of 
nUlhe tenth 7*, G\d. 

*' In tiie biaLopriclc of Chichester, by the Valuation Roll b the TreaauTy of 
ChichesUr — li a. d. 

For what it has in Ilerting 6 IC 6 

For what it hiia in Bcrtone at Dfrfbrde ,.3175 

And for Rypfcld mid Wyko uud Wyhojnec . 17 10 " 
« 18 Edw- 1. MKldoi Eicbeq. i, 600 j. 



E Si 
28 14i 




The MS. has been here dipped off; but in another page 
(t 83), written in another hand, there is what appears to be a 
conclusion, 

a. *. 4, 

" Sum of all lb(? ta<rn1.ioD (toftM laxarttlnU) in tlie 
biaboprick of Cliicheatcr, ZUi. lOi, Id. 

Mideliurst, for EemporQliljii's 47 SJ 

And for tbc churth of Rog;at3 814 



I 



Total Bum of tbe t^nth , . 3 tf J 
" Temporalities of the monastery of Pureforde in tlie biaboprick of SalisljUTy, 
Zli. \hs. bd. ; of whicl &t morca 2«. bid. are paid, and an equal sum they 
, owe for 6rf. on every mnro. 

" Tc-mporQlitiea in t)ie biflhopnck of ChichcBterj 39ft. lOv. hd, ; olno in the 
bUhopriek of Winton, 42 morra l^tf" 

The above valuation in the diocese oF Winchester is nearly 
identical with that in Pope Nicholas' Tasation at the same 
period, which includes "a raUl valued at £3. Gs. M." not 
specified in the Chartulary; and in the Chichester diocese, 
"Rypfeld** appears as "Rippislie," and rects fram Rogatc and 
Harting valued at £12. 4f. 9c/. are added, making a total of 
£23. 10^. 10^. 

After this array of figures preparatory to undei^oing taxa- 
tion, the recording canou bursts out in a jubilant strain with 
Latia verse, to note down that the painful operation had been 
eucccssfuUy en dure d- 

" fersus, res audita perit Ht^a scnpta tjmnet. Be it remembered, that the 
abljot and convent of Durrfordc liavc paid \.v. Mcc ninety-three and four to 
(lur Lr>rd thfi King for the above particulnra in the whole to the amoant of 
Tiii\ siiis. viiiirf,, namely, for t^^mporalities in the bislioprick of Salisbury in 
those years ixiviii^, iii|^H, also for temporalities ia the bisUoprick of Win- 
chester xiiii/i. xvd" 

After the latest dated charter of Abbot John in 1286, we 
have but one authentic record during a long inten-al. At the 
General Chapter of the Premonstratensian Order, in July 
1310, OsBEitT appeared as Abbot of Dureford among his 
bi-other abbots, and look his share iu their resolutions.^"* 

This Council of the English Abbots of the Order marks an 
important epoch iu its histor)" ; and, as the authority of the 
Crown and the influence of the Papal Court became involved 



DUREFOAD ABBEY. 



71 



in tlie matter then disputed, it may be well to trace ita 
nature. 

Pope Innocent^ had specially exempted the English abbeys 
of the Order from all visitation, except that of Premoustro; 
and in virtue of this supremacy, "l\x& province of England" 
bad annually paid a money-tribute to this parent monastery. 
Any such payment to aliens however had now become illegal 
by the recent statute of Carlialc, January 1307. A'VTien there- 
fore Adam the abbot of Premonstrc, in 1310j made his requi- 
sition upon the English houses for the usual tax for that year, 
and for some in arrear, they naturally took alarm at their 
ambiguous position, and all the abbots of the order (except 
those of Bayham and St.Radcgund) met at Lincoln on July 23, 
to take measures in common as to their conflicting duties 
towards their father abbot and their kiug. The two abbots 
of Langdon and SuUeby were there appointed as proctors to 
proceed to Premonstre, with full powers to explain *' how they 
were prohibited by the law, a copy of which ihey had ah'cady 
Bcnt {penes voa habetis)^ and the transgression of which would 
make them exiles and traitors. They wished their default of 

Eayment to be considered not as voluntary or contemptuous, 
ut as the re&idt of theii' reverence of the law/" To this 
remonstrance were affixed the names and seals of the following 
"Brother abbots: — Thomm of Ncwhous, Juhi of Alnewicjk, 
John of Welbcck, AVilliam de Brackley of Croxton, Rkhard 
of Barling, Roy^r of St. Agatha (ffa^i^), Walter dc IHage of 
llolea Owen, WiUiam Ilorsley of Dale, John of Deauchief, 
William of Hagncby, Alan of Leyton, Oshert of Derford^ 
William of Neubon, fFilliajn of Lavenden,"^ 

The Abbot Superior and the Chapter General of Premonstre 
were by no means willing to accept these excuses, or submit 
to the threatened loss of revenue. Thoy pronounced all the 
Enghsh abbots contumacious^ and strictly commanded them 
to pay the tax {talUani) within fifteen days after the next 
Easter, on pain of excommunication. The proctors were ordered 
to report this to the English abbots before Christmas ; and 
they accordingly summoned a chapter of the order to meet 



ft Dtigdale'ff Monut., vi, 8G3, 

in itAlioa not beinir in rhi^&le^i 



riftiiB of Ibvw abbtyp. 



72 



DDREFORD ABBEV- 



atLiDcotn on October IS, 1310. The king.ou the other Iiaiitl, 
expressly forbade the proctors to collect any part of the tax^ 
by a lt?tter datfd from Berwick, Nov. 10, 1310- The coiu- 
nmnds of Abbot Adnm were duly laid before their brother 
abbots by the proctors ; aud though hia seals attached were 
Bcrupuloualy examined and minutely certified by a notary, yet 
the resolution to refuse payment was firmly maintained.^ 

The authority of the hw of England over any foreign juris- 
diction has ever been upheld by the state, and on tliia occasion 
Edward 11 renewed his proliibition on May 7, 1311. This 
was however too important a point for Premonstrc to yield ; 
eo that in due course, in 131:?, the abbot solemnly excom- 
niunicated al! the English abbots for their contuuiacy, and 
revoked all indulgences {ffratiaft) from their houses, except 
from St. Rfldeginule, whirh aj>peara to have made its peace 
apErt from its fellows. Rayhain Abbey, which hiid at first 
Bent no representative to the clmpter, had einee derlared that 
" it was unnatural, and was no duty of children to enrich their 
parents/' although Peter, now abbot of Premonstre, wrote a 
begging letter, pleading for some money to repair his recent 
losses by the Uukc of Orleaus.^^ 

Both parties then applied to the Court of Rome for a 
decision ; and while it was yet in suspense, the English proctor 
wrote to warn the abbots of the rumour that the Aljlxit of 
Premonstre had bought the favour of the Vo^g {ut dicilar^ 
Cfmposiiit) by 10,000 florins, and that of the cardinals by 
100 to each, concluding however with a stout rcliauce on the 
justice of his cause, "but 1 hope nevertheless to succeed'* 
iflcdcredo bcnefacere, valeh)?^ This confidence was not unre- 
warded ; and on March 7, 1312, the cardinal appointed by 
Pope Clement V to decide upon the case decreed at Vienne 



^ 81oano> ftlSa 4WM. ff. £9, 30, 32 j 
as to l)w Aoal-*, f, 3fl- Sii nhlmtP tucjI ^' in 
Ihe DOW fhotiibia-'* of Burling Abbc^, and 
?iainiiii-tl tbi! »oalA to Lliti (wf? IclLcr^ of 
AbbotAclnm, " OilCft^?und spal cncrcMi 
wax, fttid in the middle of llie spqI there 
ant, da If in a ntcill {ijtta^ in eat^dra) a 
t^'rtaiu S^uro, in lh« likLiicH^ ofabi^hopi 
Imviitg Itia right htx\d mia^'d as fcr ble^fi- 
ing, and iu llio Ictl La held t!ic fiaritiiral 
■IiUT. On Iho right aids nna written 
BABCTUe, and on i\ie left iPOT^iUfUS, 



tha ioHeriptinn round vhioh aeaj is Siait- 

LlIM AfitlATrU PkfVOKSTfiATPNBIN CAV\- 

ITTLI. The utbj^r k-ltor \a stamiicd vtiHi a 
long hnU, oil ^rm^u wju," uml a flimilmr 
Q^ifu ia dL'acribcd, vitb a £(-iUl' m hia 
ri^ht, and liolding a ocrlain boo^ btiFoTQ 
iiij breoflt in hia lea haiid, ntlb lliu in- 

ecription, Sioillusi AnniTia Fbemoh- 

>• ^loanc MS. 41131, IT. 41, 66. 
» Id., f. 67, 



UURKFORD ABDET. 



7S 



that the Abbot of Premoiistrc had imposed taxes contrary to 
the statutes of the ordei% being without the consent of the 
abbots, imd without cause shown ; and that on his visitation 
of the EngUsh abbeys he had been too burdensome by his 
manner of ti-avelHng, and by the number of his attendants; 
that he had received and extorted from them countless money 
on pretext of his visitation, beyond the sufficient victuals usudly 
presented to Visitors {in ei^ecHonum cA. Jamiliantm itumero in 
plurimuiit oneronus, TPcipifmdo etiam et t'^xtcirqut^ndo ah ips-ia 
peouniaiu i///iu/itcratam. ratione vtsitalioms hvjus idtra compe- 
tentia victnalm exJiidcri vrntriniibiis coimida.)^* 

This award was too strong to lie resisted : and the baffled 
abbot felt compelled on Feb. 12, 1313, to authorise the Abbot 
of Langdon to absolve his opponents from his excommuuica- 
tioQ,^* A few years later, in 1316, a compromise took place, 
by which it was agreed, that "on account of the expensive 
and penlous passage of the sea," the province of England 
shoidd in future he represented by a proxy at the Gcuenil 
Councils of Premoastre ; and that the abbot visitor, either in 
person or by proxy, should every fifth year be provided with 
the usual means of travelling, bat not with the expenses of 
the passage over, and with the necessaries of life for himself 
and his party only, and should have no power to depose 
abbots. ^^ 

As no money was to be got, the abbots of Premonalre do not 
appear to have visited England in person after this epoch, but 
to have deputed some English abbot to act for them ; and we 
have instances of the heads of Biiyham, Shap, and Welbeck 
being thus selected. The honour seems to have created some 
intLTiial jealousy in the order ; for we have letters of the abbot 
of Darling canvassing others to attend the chapter, " lest the 
Abbot of Welbeck should entice fresh privileges for himself 
by flattery or threats/'^ and vaunting " his own aubmisaion 
for the sake of peace nndcr the affronts of his pompons, proud, 
and inordinate words against him, which contain little truth " 
[per i'vrbu stfa pomposa et claia ac inordtntda que v/if/f/j^ coii' 
linent verffafem),^^ 

Great exertions seem to have been made by Dureford to 

* 13., f. 61. ^^ W,, f. 68. " Id,, r 59. 

a ld.,f. 65. ^ Tcl.,r. 71. 

viii. 10 



74 



DllRErOBD ABBKY. 



raise money early in the fourteenth century, and the grant of 
a corrody or right of maintenance for life on the food of the 
convent whs the readiest menus uf doing so, "On the 
Monday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr 
(July 7), 1321, John, by the patience uf God Abbot of Dure- 
ford/' for such was now again the abbot's name, granted to 
John le Mareschal of Guldcforde and Joanna de Kyngenodc 
his wife, a corrody in the abbey, for their hvcs or the survivor 
of ihcni, consisting of "two white conventiuil luavea of the 
the same boulting and flour {tie cor/nti buUvllo cf /rtimmh) 
which the abbot and the convent have, and two loaves of 
seconds, and tivo flagons of conventual beer, and one flagon 
of second uuxturc, and tor compnnage^^ 6^. 8(/- yearly ns long 
as they lived, A site was also grnntt^d them witliin the abbey 
on the west from their entrance gate of a certain bridge 
called llarforJ, with a certain portion of tlie curtilegr, as 
included within marks and boundaries, togetlier with litter 
and fuel snfficient for their condition, and also every night 
fonr candles, which they call Paris candles, sixteen of which 
make the weight of a pound {sutffuHs nocfilnfs 4 canddas quas 
diafnt Pc/nscandlcif qitarum IG Jhcie/i/ pojtd//.*t 1 Uhre)^ and 
hay, with one peck of bruised oats {aveiie minute) nightly for 
a horse, only however while ihcy are dwelling within the 
abbey, and four bushels of flour and four bushels of salt 
annually ; and they shall have free common pasturage for six 
pigs and two cows," and shall keep the house in good repair- 
tor these advantages, the convent received 100 marcs in real 
money, and John and Joanna were to be for ever included in 
their prayers, promising in good faith to be ever friendly and 
special helpers in advancing the interests of Dureford and its 
church {nmicafjf It's et 8p€cin(e» fore coddjutorf^s) f. IDS, 

Another corrody seems to have been granted near this 
time by Abbot John to Richard le Peyntour of Okford, by 
which he was to be entitled to "one white loaf called a 
niiehc*^ and a gallon of conventual beer, or cider when the 



^ Co lunn linage, Fr, " mPSt, ooflfos, 
viotiinl*, all kiodfl of food cicept broad 
ntirl flrinty," — Ccvtob4TE, 

* " For Im Lhat hatli mJUilieB twebo. 



Li'tpLI) more atonse and morflbrioli, 
TltBD Llooth hft that JH chi(*h/' 

ClTiUCETJ, Somavnt of Bore, B5S5. 

" Mira poiiitur pro pnno inoduK> qui 

fit in ruriia niflgiAtromm Tel in monaa- 



DURKPORU ABBEV. 



75 



beer faileJ, or one i>eiiiiy, and a dish from tlie kitchen, with a 
pittance {tfHUin alhuni. jmnem vocatmn vncie et 1 gahnGiH cer- 
visie ^CQiivcidf/Qlis vel cisere cum cervisi-Q dvfaerit aut vnum 
denarhtm. ct 1 feriing de coqtiina ctvm pifffiivia vel IQs.), 
and a yearly coat of t!ie same cloth as tlmt used by the free 
servants of the convent, or 10^-, with fuel and candles bs 
needed^' (f. 201). 

Soou after tiie grant of these corrodies, another abbot bad 
succeeded; and we find *' brother Thomas, by the patience 
of God, Abbot of Dureford/* resorting to the same expedient 
to assist him in meeting the expenses of the convent. In 
March li2S, the common seal was at&xed in chapter to a 
corroriy to John Cook {coco) of llauekly^ in consideration of 
forty pounds sterling, iind an annual payment of 10s. for the 
repairs of the church (ad emendationem ccclme nofitre). This 
secured food and lodfuing to John Cook for his life; "every 
day a while loaf called miche, nnd a black loaf called 
seconds {seeds.), and a gallon of conventual beer, or cider, or 
wine, or a penny when both are deficient, and from the 
kitchen ns nmcli as is given to a canon uf our churuh, but 
always from the conventual kitchen, granting him moreover 
an nrcii within the f;ate of the abbey to huikl thereupon a 
decent house for himself^ at his own expense, suitable to bis 
condition, and two loads of wood from our wood yearly, as 
much as may be carried by two horses to his home in onr 
abbey, and two lbs. of suet candies {de candeli^ dc ccjjo)^^'^ 

The candles bete stipulated were probably like those still 
in use in dniriea nnd farm-hitchcns in the neighbourhood of 
Dureford and other parts of Sussex, made of the pith of 
rushes <lipped in tallow. When used they were fixed in an 
iron frame of simple construction, and lield in their place 
and upright position by a rude spring on the aide. The 
woodcut, from a drawing of R G, P, Minty, Esq., represents 
one of these rush-sticks in his possession. Scinches high, and 
will best explain their form and nature. Tliey often have 



teriU,'' (Yocsbulnrium bn-Viloquuni, Af- Dli?t. 1611-) Tho word in alili found in 

genLl4!)3.) *^Mii?ho,aQiiemancftJ>t, which the Diet, dis I'Acad'^aiie, "pain du erD9' 

id olliofwiflo tinned pain d» fh/tpitfBy a seiir medioorc, pefiaiiL au moms uiw Inrre 

iliu-' »hiUi liard'kucailed nndlljt luoachrt, lH iiUctqKcroib di:;LK." 

weigbiug ftbovit 16 i^uoces." {Culgravo'a ■' Copu pro ceba, tiuf, Fr., tuct- 



7« 



DL'REFORD ABBEV. 



a hook to hang tliem on a wall or cliiiiiiicj' -piece, and the 
haae is frecjueiitly n mere block of wood, letter GS of 

White's Si'lhomc (which is but seven 
mites distant from Uurcford) de- 
scribeR the mode of making these 
cheap lights, hy stripping off the 
peel (after softening them in water) 
Jronj the common rushes {juncm 
ront^hviprahfft), leaving only one 
iinrrow rib for siip])ort. Afttr being 
bleached on tlie grass, and dried in 
the sun, they are clijiped into scald- 
ing grease. The common bulnish 
{mrpm lacuslris) is also now in use 
for the purpose, and, being larger, 
is split to form two or tliree candles. 
Where bees are kept, a little wax is 
added. A long rush will bnrn 
nearly nn hour. 

This corrody was 'Uo continue 
\nthont any diminution whatever; 
but John Cook was bound not to 
alienate, sell, or give it away, hut to keep it for liiraself, or 
forfeit ali" {l\mi 

The liberty here given to a stranger to build a house for 
himself within the precincts of the abbey is unusual, but of 
course the profitable reversion Tvas looked for. 

There weis still a want of money, which the £40 paid 
down did uoc fully satisly, and the very next day Abbot 
Thomas and the convent borrowed "fourscore pounds ster- 
ling" from Henry rie Eston of East Tisterl, ''for the benefit of 
the church and its release from difficulties" {ud ardtm veifocia 
eccicsie ei uiUifnti'm t'^i-jjeriiendn). This m^us to be re|)aid hy 
£20 yearly, and fur such repiiyment they pledged "all their 
gofjds uiovcahic and immoveable wherever they might be 
found" (f. 195), 

In the following year a memorable incident in the annnis 
of the abbey occurred, when King EJwnrd II visited it, and 
dated from hcucc a letter to the Pope concerning (jascouy. 
In hid journey from Petworth to Porchcster, the king lodged 




ft t^* ^-3-^= 



I 



DUREFORD ABBEY. 



77 



\ here on Saturday, September 8, 1324, on which day the 
expensea cf his household nmoiintecl to £10. C*, Ojrf.^ 

The royal visit does not seem to have bronglit increased 
prosperity, and p^^rhapa the receptimi of a king may Imve 
brought its own burdens. At any rate, money was atill 
wanted, and for this purpose the bounty of the rounder*a 
descendants was now called into action. Walter Hoese came 
forward in fulfilment of his ancestor's injunctions, and gave 
100 marcs (£06, 13^. 4d.) for the permanent good of the 
convent (hi ntUitatem donms ?/o^fre se-ti vfonasU'vli nostri per- 
petuam)^ and a new canonry was in consequence founded. 
"At Dureford, on the day of Saints Fabian and Sebastian (Jan. 
20) in tht! year of our Lord 13:i7, Thomas, by divine permis- 
sion, Abbot of Dureford," made a solumu agreement^" with 
the Abbot of Hyde, giving to him, or in his default to the 
Prior of Hyde, the right of presenting '*to a chantry in the 
abbey church of Dureford a fit person as a canon and brother 
of Dureford," with preference to the kindred of Walter Hoese 
{preiGritis aliis citius athniffetur). The duties assigned to this 
new canon were to pray for the founder and his wife while 
alive, and after their deaths to perform daily the full service 
of the dead for the benefit of their sonls and those of their 
ancestors, and of idl benefactors at the altar of St. Katharine ; 
and Dureford undertook to admit him, when duly appointed, 
Without inipt^dhnc^nt. Not only were the seals of the abbey 
and of Walter Hoese alternately ullixed to this deed, but 
also, at the request of the latter, the conventual seal of the 
Abbot of Iljde. mtnesscdby '* Sir Henry Husec, Sir Ralph de 
Cjimoya -, Sir Edward dc St. Johu, Knight ; Hemy of llavonte, 
Jordan le Hayward (called of Havonte), Richard le Butelyr, 
and others." 

Soon after this, a fresh disaster occurred to increase the 
ditficnities of the abbey. John de Langton, Bishop of Chi- 
chester (between 1333 aud 1337), wrote from Aldingbnrne 
to Adam de Orleton, Bishop of Winchester, explaining '* that 
Dureford monastery hnd been reduced to extreme poyprty, 
owing to robbci-s invading it as enemies^ both by the firing 
their house and goods, aa well as by their plunder {per pre- 



" StftMv ^PvA, Catl*eHttmj TI, 50, 



» Hiu-lei-n MS, 1761, t 162. 



78 



DCREl'ORD ABDET. 



dones ipsiim hostiHtcr invadenfes^ tarn per incej^dium domus ffl^ 
rerum- saarnm.quavi per ^poliatiofwm eorttndem). From special 
aflPection, the bialiop prufesaed linving long l>eeii moved to 
compassion by thoir penury {impht), and he, for snth reason, 
requested the ndvowson of Coiiipton Church to he givea , 
them" (f. 201), It appears that soon afterwards they became i 
poasessed of half the manor of Comptou, uciir Guildford, 
(20Edw. m, p. 2. m. 23). 

The king's conimissioiiers, who came round in 1340 to 
assess the parishes for taxation, reported that the ninth part 
of the sheaves, fleeces, and lambs from ttic lands of the Abbot 
of Lurefurd in Rogate were that year worth 26^. Hi/., and iu 
Hertyag 27s- 8f/. {Nonarum Inq., p. 364.) 

When the Black Prhice, as the sovereign's eldest son, was 
about to receive knighthood, a distraint was made upon 
Dureford Abbey, which Lad objected to pay the feudal dues 
usual on such an occasion. Among the Rolls of Parliament, 
13-17-8, is found a petition to Edward 111 and his Council 
from "ses p*)vre3 chapel)us Fabbe et covent de Dureford/' 
referring to the original free gift of Henry Hoese, duly con- 
firmed by King Henry II, with alt the privilegi^s and free 
customs belonging to the land as in frunk-almoign, by virtue 
of which they ought to be freed from the grievous charges 
imposed on theiu by the kiug^s collectors. In \\Vi answer the 
king acknowledged the claim, and released the buds, as held 
"en pure ctperpctuel aluioigne."*'* 

The canons were successful iu maintaining their 
also on another opportnuity. Besides the gift of half his 
land in Ebljnton by Geoft'ry Hose (F. 141), which Sir Hubert 
llosee had conflrmed, they had received in l:i43-4, from 
Matthew lIoscc, half the mauor of Chydeston, in Kent j but 
of this tln^y had been violently dispossessed in 1354, and they 
were obliged to appeal to the law, when a Keutish jury 
restored it to them, with £22 tLS damages (f. 142). 

On the eve of the great conventnal feast of St. John the 
Baptist in 13G1, Abbot John atte Re was in authority at 
Dureford*^ (f, 14^) ; and it was probably in his time tliat his 



rights 



" Bot. Fftrl.. ya. 67, 21.32. Ed". UL 

*^ Tlie documeot Ia unperftsjt, but rt- 

ccirdA Adam dc K:iJ<;aclc:, of FroxHoldr 



and P. ELdeheate, coming to 'domiDiiA 
JoniJi'^fES ATTB Rfi, abboa de Dun-ford.' 



DUREFOitD ADDET. 



79 



convent was nppoiDtcd to collect the clcricd! subsidy in the 
archdeaconry of Lewes in 1380, whilo Robcrtsbildge Ahbcy 
filled the same office id the Lewes archdeaconry.^ The 
church of Rogate is there valued among the spiiituahties of 
the abbey at sixteen marca, on which the subsidy is rnted at 
21^. 4^, Of its tempomhties, the manor of Herling is 
valued at £C. 16^. 6d. ; that of Bertone (Buriton) at 77*. 9rf. ; 
at Hipsle, Wyhoiise. and Wyke, nt 17*. 10/^. ; mid nt Rogate 
and Hartihg, from rents £12. 4*. 1)//.— total £2:L Uw. lO/ 
As the poverty of the convent had been lately sn manifest, it 
is remarkable to find the collcL-tion of a tax committed to its 
agency, but we may fairly suppose some profit to have been 
thereby derived to the collectors. 

At Michaelmas 1387, the canons surveyed their lands, and 
recorded thus the extent of a portion of them : — 

"Lantls raeusurcd at Borton, at the feaat of St. Miciinel, 10 Rjc. II ; — 
Tit the it(^ld cjilled Bi^^^cfeld ara «... 33 acres 

i.l. KobiiiffoU Hi 

„ id. Cumlvlfeld IR 

ill. BHt's^Md 17i 

,/ id. Dmiie As^ieys . . , , 6 

In the gnrdens of Unlhous 5 

In Lewes Pyke S 

At Hertford brigge — 

At Hcrting, incnavired nt ofluie lime — 

In IVcondesfeld 8 acrea 

In BronifddQ 9$ anil 1 perch 

In anoihnr field cnlled BreftlU Pyginej . . 5 

la Lhe Jii'hl iit;ir the Virani^ Ijt and 1 perch 

In hia two ^rufu l^iQg IkIow ..... SJ jind 3 pi^n-hea 

Also LiL Loselcy £4 and 1 perch " 

After thus ascertaining their worldly property, the pious 
canons proceeded in due tbroi to put down also their spiritual 
advantages at the aaine place, though by what number of 
Ave Manas, or Pater Xosters, or luasses, such a long Lxenip- 
tion of days aud years from the pains of purgatory was to be 
earned, has not been transmitted to us. 

It u ■ 

'"Sum of the days ufTudulgtncf at Buriton dccc- iiii. sv. (895,000 i/*^*), 
tumma ^ieriirn tndulg^nt'}*^ apnd Bar Hon. 

** Sum of the years, mmcccclu years, 20 duya." — f. 84, 



so 



DCREFOaD ABBEV. 



After another blank intervti], oiir next evidence presents 
John Ultinge as abbot elect, who, on January 22, 1404, 
received the ustml benediction of the Uishop of Cliicbcsttr, as 
is duly noted iu the Episcopal liegistry j and the same aiitlio- 
ritj has also preserved to us the name of Nicholas iiAiM]i- 
KYNG applying for the same blessing as having been elected 
Abbot olDiirelordoa August 1 1, 14ih—^py.ii.pp. 112, 147, 

A disastrous event occurred in 1417, by lightning. "The 

vestibule/' pmbably a tower at the west end, Wjis struck and 
burnt> with the eight bells in it. The efforts made to replace 
the bells caused the following entry as a uicmurandiun in the 
chartulary, and presents us again with ^'Joun Ultt.ng as nomi- 
nated abbot" (perhaps some kinsman of his namesake), who 
Imd been transfeiTcd from beiu+^ a canon uf Bylegh iii Essex^ 
a s[uiJl uionastery urigiaally fouudinl at Great Parndun^ and 
transferred to Hjlegh iu 1130 by Robert Man tell; it was con- 
sidered as a cell to Dureford, as we shall presently see. 

"Bella newly jnnilt nller the burning of On: vcstilaulc with t-iijlil brass bells 
barut by lightning, l>y Sir JoIlii Ultyn;^, noiiiinate*! Aljbot of this clmrcb, 
fumierly profuascJ cuiion of tbt momialcry uf HjU^be, m [he year uf our Lortl 
Ills, namely, the ne\l yrar nftpr tin* snid burning. 

Of which the groftt beU WJ-igbft , - . . sUiii avt. 

„ the aecond wHt^ha xj 

„ the tliird weighs ix\ 

the fourth wdghs viifr 

Suifl {of Ihg /our hclU) Kill owl. — de partfo potid&re Jtlvii cwt.joutl 

„ the lifth hell weighs .... \i 

Sam of all the bells [de mi/iore pondsre) xlbs cwt, STtri \\}."[^vMS.)'^ 

It will be observed that John Ultyng is here termed 
"nominated abbot/* so that he was probably at this period 
awaiting the death of Abbot Nicholm, fully lo succeed him, 
having been so appoinled by an exercise of papal or other 
authority. 

The historical traces of the abbots become fewer in later 
times; and we eannot with certainty give a name to tlit^ Abbot 

** Thi» flntry, imperfectly giyiii by 
DallivDy, miiA thui, and in in H diilbreut 
band from \\\c o\hf.'V documents : '* Cim- 
pani" no^it^r Eacle poi^t ctimbustioueni 

Vfr'^ttlbuU CUUI Uutlf t'UllipUlklH uiitLo cuni' 

buAlia ox fulgoro por dvmiaLim Joliannrm 



Ultjng Abbftt^m proriHum hujua occlfsie, 

priiiiuiu LiiitomL'mn [irufcaautu inonnslinii 
do EyIeBbc a. dn:. millcfijmo ctT^c"™ oi'luvo 
dccimOi viz. prGi.iirio unno poat cumbua- 
tionc-iii predictiuu" (f. S3). 



DUKEFORD A.BUEY, 



81 



of Dupeford, though it waa probably John Ultyng who, on 

oil Junt^ 12. 14:^0, accompanied eIoIiii Powle, Abbot of Hales 
Owen, on his visitation to Tichficid Abbey, as a cell to his 
own, both owning the same founder. Bishop Peter dc Rnpi- 
bus.^* Tichficid had lately lost its head, or, as John 
Powie expressed it, " our daughter house {domus voatra fiiiola) 
WHS deprived of the comfort of a pastor." They joiutly took 
au inventory, among the most remarkable objects in which 
was " ft great text (the Gospels), silver-gilt, witli a large beryl, 
and atahle of the dead inserted" {AfonaaL vi, 231), in which 
hst of those for whom the prayers of Chriatian friends were 
desired,^^ the Abbot of Durcford may have read with regret 
the name of his late neighbour and fellow abbot freshly 
entered. 

The following entry in the Episeopal Register, E. lOS, 
seems to refer to a person ordained for some service in the 
abbey charcli, or at Rogatc: — 

"Secular Deacons : Williara Palmer of the Diocese of CUiclicatcr, on tlie 
title (arl tituUmi) of the abbot and convent of Durcford ou Ihc lust duy of 
February 1*38." 

Thomas, Abbot of Bayham, as commissioner of John, 
Abbot of Premonstre, on April 8, 1454, held a meeting in his 
own abbey, at which the Abbots of Uureford^ Ticlifield, and 
Bylcgh were present, and they then summoned a ehapter 
general to aascmhle in the Dominican church of Northampton 
on July 10 following (f. 81). Before long, however, a new 
abbot, Sjmon, had become head of Preraonstre, who super- 
seded the Abbot of Bayham, and appointed Richard Redman, 
the Abbot of Ileppa [S/iap), in his place (f 80), Assuming 
thus the authority of father abbot, which he retained for a 
\ery long period, on Sept, 11, 1456, he warned the Abbot of 
Welbcck of his intended visitaliun, and ordered him lo collect 
the tax with all arrears {ialiiam pro reirQactia annis) — f, 84. 
On these demands, John, the Abbot of Beauchief, considted 
Welbcck " for his aago aadde counscll" {f. 85), and an oppn- 



li»m *\c noede had witiii^^ a cWtor of 
TichJ]t.<1d in tlic timn of Eing StiphLn, 
Itot- ^i^acc. Konn. xcrnL 



*■ JW kiinli B " mflrtilogium/' cvr '* ne- 
CTologiurti," of the monastery of S, Hyp- 
poljCfl in Bajmuodl Dueilii Eioerpta 
gcoeaiog, ht§1(>r]fr. foJia» Lipi. 1725. 

n 



ti2 



DCREFORD ABBRT. 



Bition was ngain organized to resist this renewal of taxation. 
WbcQ therefore the Abbot of Shap called a general chapter 
of the order on June 11,1459, in the church of St, Augustine 
at Lincoln, the assembled abbots resolved that qo requi- 
sitions for money should be valid unless agreed to bjr the 
Majority of the chapter (f. 93), which indeed appears to have 
been the ground of the cardinal's judgment on the same point 
in 1313, as before mentioned. 

We know very little of " brother Walter, by the patience 
of God Abbot of Pureford," who died in 1465. When he 
commenced his abbacy is uurecorded, and the only document 
reporting his doings la the grant of a corrody to Sir Ileniy de 
Basing, chaplain. This was to give him " seven white loafs 
called luichas, and 7 gallons of conventual beer, and 14 black 
bafe called sec:oiid3/' to be received from the cellarer vreekly, 
or tlie double quantity every fortnight^ with liberty to take it 
away, and with free access to a chest, which the convent 
undertook to place within their house. What sum of money 
was advanced to procure this cotrody does not appear; but a 
weekly fine of lid. was imposed on the convent if it failed in 
its supply. Henry do Basing was moreover formally acknow- 
ledged by the deed aa a spiritual brother, and he engaged to 
be the convent's special friend and counsctlor {amictiui et 
fipet^ialem /ore co?tsitl/orem) — f. 199. This may, perhaps, im- 
ply his ability to assist them by his legal knowledge, and so 
may account for his paying no money. 

That Abbot Wai.ter vacated his abbacy by death, on 
November 20, 1465, we learn by a letter, dated December 2, 
from the prior, who had thus become the temporary head of 
the house. ^ 

This opportunity may be taken of describing in some de- 
tail the preliminary forms of the election of Walter's suc- 
cessor, ia order that the respective rights of the founder, the 
father abbot, and the convent may be better understood, as 
well as the ceremonial and caution accompanying the choice. 

The first step was the burial, previous to which no election 
was valid; and of this, therefore, the prior, writing in the 
chapter-house, and appending the common seal of the house, 
oflicially informed " tueir reverend and dreaded father abbot 

*" SLoane MSB. 4S35, page 11. R«g. Fn-m., £ JDl a. 



nUREI^RD ABBET. 



88 



of Wclbeck [quo dcfuncto et corpore €jm^ ut dpcuit^ ecdenaitice 
iradtlo at'ptdhut;)'^ in order that a successor might be ap- 
pointed, and he also sent the late abbot's qcrIj oa in duty 
bound {sicut ienentur). 

The patron, representing the family of the founder, wns at 
this time Nicholas Ilusoy ; and his letter, given below, betrays 
a wholesome dread of the delay which might arise if the 
election d(.^pencled on the presence of the Abbot of Welbeck. 
He accordingly begged him to transfer hia right to the Abbot 
of Tic hfield, perhaps a personal friend, at any rate a neighbour 
within reach. 

His letter/^ an early specimen of a private "sqwyer's" 
English correspondence, nins thus: — 

" To the wjrachypfull aud revtreiit FimIlt \w God llie Al^lot of Wtlbeke, 

'*!. Worwhjijfuli and reverente Fwdyr in God, y rwomranurnle me untoyou, 

and irheras tlie AUby of Durefordtr, nhicli la of my rimdacion, witlnD tlio 

Dioces of Chychestre, is desolate and voyde of an Hede by the deth of Walter, 

kLc Abbot lhtre» whose aowie God nasoyle, 

*'2. WUfiicfor pleaylh yowre gudc Fndyrhodo to commyto yowrc Coramyasion 
to the Abbot of Tychcfelde, that the convent of the sayile howse of Duroforde 
nmy proceed in dtclioti to cotifermethe Act« of the saydp Abbot of Tyclitfelde 
in all haaCy wyae jxjssybdi, for diverse causys of grele ncde and poverte lljat 
the &tydi^ Hows ia in ut Ihya tymc bo dyverse wronger and V\ess. aa my 
sorvnuntj herer of tliis T^ltyir, shall more pinynely informc yowe in my hebnlF, 
to wloime I pvay you to tijle tredencG> with oghte ellya that hyt lykc youe 
to commaundu in Ibis Conine, whyclie shall be reUy at all times witt the 
Grace of God, who hafe yow in his kepjnge. 

■* 3. I ipryt© at Dareford with lylell Laysoor, tbo ii day of Dccembra laet 
passyd, "by jowre ornie. 

*' Nicholas Husb, Sqwyer/* 

The " berer of this lettyir " of the prior and the squire was 
one of the brethren, Kobert Kyppyng, and the request was 
fiuccessfnh The father abbot despatched a eonmiission, "au- 
thorisiug the canons to administer the spiritualities and tcm- 

Eoralities of the abbey, inasmuch as he was himself impeded 
y diverse difficult business from coming in person ;" he 
enjoined them to exercise their government duly and pru- 
dently, to write down all paymt-nts and receipts, so as to 
account hereafter to him and to the future abbot, and at the 
Bfline time he required all persons concerned to obey and 
assist them. 

'7 8loftasM3.4&S5,f.ia. HepH.Prcni., the Mons#ti-wi,v.fl3r. whm thw WnltfT 
f. 104 a. Tho letlpr hu buni pnntud in U Ihi* tmlj ab[><>t tiiiiiic<d. 



u 



mnZfOB-D ABBET. 



The deed delegating his authority to the Abbot of Tichfield, 
us rc<[iiested, is dutcd Decetiiher 8, 1405, so that the founder 
had no reaaon to complam of delay, in this* after piously 
" greeting his friend and very dear fellow-abbot," he explained 
to him that "the urgent business of hia own monastery, as 
well as infirmity of body, prevented him from personally ful- 
filling his paternal duties of supplying the place of the late 
abbot, brotlier Walter, of pious memory. In reliance there- 
fore upon his discretion, fidelity, and zeal for the order, he 
urged him immediately {instaviissime) to go with his prior or 
flub-prior to Dureford, and there, ^rith his full jurisdiction, in 
the customary way {at maris est), to elect an abliot according 
tuthe privilegcft and statutes of the order, and to induct him, 
when elected, into corporal possession of the church of Dure- 
ford and all its appurtenances, by touching the bell-ropes, 
installing him into the abbot's stall {per iachm cordanrm cam' 
pnnarnni i/iducafif*^ infffalhnics cumhm in staVani abba(lfi), and 
causing all the canons and brethren to offer liim inonual 
obedience {pre^tari: obcdientiam mamiahvi)^* which was the 
form of homage, performed kneeling, by placing the hands 
within tho handa of the superior. Should any resist, com- 
puUion was to be used, either by Gcclesiastic&l censures, or, if 
neceaaary, by even calling in the arm of the civil pow^r. He 
required thL^m finftlly to report their proceedings to him by 
letter and mesanngcr,*^ 

The '* mnnnal oMtmce " here recpdrcd may be best under- 
stood by quoting Cokes translation of Littleton's Tenures, 
Bcction S5, describing the ceremony of doing homage : — 
" Wlicn the tenant shall nmkE; homage to hia lord, he shall 
be ungirt, and his head uncovered, and his lord shall sit. aiid 
the tenant shall kneel before him on both his knees, and hold 
Lis hands jointly together between the hands of his lord, and 
shall say thus: *I become your man from tins day forward of 
life and limb, and of earthly worship, and unto you shall be 
true and faithful, to liold of you, — saving the faith that I owe 
unto our soveraign lord the king/ and then the lord so sitting 
shall kiss him." 

The cautious formalities of election, Btrictly prescribed by 



U\, L II. 



dchepobd abbey. 



68 



the statutes of the order, present us witL a vivid picture of 
the seene, and we muat suppose that they were duly followed 
oil this occasion. Whatever hcnrt-buniings may have been 
excited by the preference of the elected brother, the choice was 
always, by a double election, luaile with quiet solemnity and 
deliberation. 

On the canons aasembling, the father abbot, or his com- 
raissioner, first inquired whether any were absent, or had left 
their votes with a proxy, after which the commission was read, 
and the hymn Feni Creator Spiritus sung. After reading 
also the statute regulating elections, two electors were chosen 
from their own body, who proceeded to choose either ihrec or 
five brethren, to whom the actual election of an abbot was 
intrusted. When the selection had been thus made, they 
were to announce the result in secret to the father abbot, who, 
on repairing to the chapter-house, asked the person so named 
whether he consented to take the office upon hira. AJl then 
quitted the chapter-house, to oscertain if forms had been duly 
observed, and to scrutinise the life and morals of the elected, 
examining him personally, eapecially as to his leamiug {mavime 
de iifnafiirn). They nli then re-entered llie chapter-house, 
and the result of the examination was publicly proclaimed, 
witli an inviution to all persona objecting. They then re* 
paired to the church, singing Te Deum^ followed by the coUecif 
^'Pretcfide Dovmie^''^^ with a canticle, before tlic new abbot was 
eolciunly led to bis stall. On returning again to the chapter- 
house, the canons made obedience to their new abbot, and 
placed before his feet the keys, and delivered to him the seal 
of the abbot {ti-adafur stlti sigUh/m aMf^^t-v), apparently the same 
seal which the prior had sent to Wclheck when the vacantly 
occurred. Finally the father ubbot declared the election com- 
pleted, after which tho elected wus to apply to the diocesan 
bishop for his blessing {suam benedivfionem siisceptarns).^ 

Even after any abbot had been thus chosen, he might he 



" '^Pri:tencIf,PaiaiiiD|r»uiuliH ul Tamu- 
l&bun liUB di;ttemm ce1«!»ttH aiuitij, ut to 
toto mrdo perquirant, et quod digao poa> 
tul&nt aesi>quitntar, pL^r dooiiTiuin aofitrnin 

ia fouml among ^' Piiibipurft onkitfout vt 



nztqucHten AC0iiDtuiUL^4 de ^Urc a ung tjnq 
cftthotique," in tlxn '* Heurra n I'uMipu tie 
Bomu tjut au long 9%.t\i rjun Evquvrir 
nouvcUL^mC't impniQfce n Pfiru, par Oillul 
HardouTTi;' 1G05. 
"> Id., r. 13. 



66 DUllErOKD ABBEr, 

set aside by the subsequent discovery of certain circum- 
fitancc53. Twenty causes calculated to nullify the election are 
Bpecified : some related to ite form and purity, as — if the body 
of the former aI>bot had not btieu buried — if there had been 
any corrupt dealings with the candidate or his friends — if it 
took place under the pressure of popular clamour {»( fiat ad 
clamorem populi) — if it took place clandestinely — or if any 
person takiug pai't in it were disqualified by excotnniuaication 
or interdict. Other reasons refer to the pei-son elected, as — if 
he were base-bom {von de U'ffifimo fhoro) — if he were im- 
leamed {si 9it ydeota, hoc est^ illiteralm) — or if he lived dis- 
reputably {si sit in/toneste vite)}^ 

We have, however, no record to tell us the name of the 
abbot who passed through this ordeal of election as successor 
to AValter. It is, indeed, probable that the bearer of the 
letters to Welbeck was himself the person chosen. We cer- 
tainly find Robert KvppypjG as abbot afterwards, during the 
reign of Henry VII, when there were nine canons in his 
housc.^^ Old age had probably disabled him, after his loug 
abbacy in 1501j for he then voluntarily withdrevi' from his 
office, and thus made room for his successor, Robert York, 
who Lad been a canon ofTiipliolme, iii Lincolnshire, previous 
to his election. This distant bouse had been founded, about 
the same time as Dureford, for the same order, and the canons 
of Dureford had probably become acquainted with his qua- 
liBcatioDs for his new dignity. Such interchange between 
canons of the same order was not unfrequent. In a gencr^ 
chapter of the Premonstratensian order, in 1478, it was 
decreed, among other matters, that — 

'* Robert Watton, Canon of Bariyng, aliall be perpetual professed Cnnon of 
Durefofde — also Walttr SpiT, Canon of ToiTe, sliaU be seul out {emiitHvf) 
to the mocaHtery of Dureford for a time during the pleasure of the Lord 
flicbard. Bishop of St. Asaph/' " 

Though the first reads like a promotion, the second entry 
has much the an* of punishment and exile, rusticating the 
wrongdoer from the warm luxury of Uevonahire to the remote 
penury of Sussex. 






£r. Mas, GS-^, ml. 3«7, 
"^ SJtwneM^S. 4d36.f, 95. 



DUHEVORD ABBEY. 



At the visitation of 1478, the same Richurd Redman,*** 
whose appointment in 1458 has heen noticed, appeared bs 
Sishop of St. Asaph, and we afterwards meet again with him 
in 1504 as Bishop of Ely, so that he held his authority na 
CommissioDcr of Premonstre for nearly half a century. He 
had prepared, as visitor in 1478, a series of eighteen ques- 
tions to each of the abbeys of his order; and ArcLaeologista 
would have gained much useful information, if full answers 
had been returned and preserved to us. In the case of 
Durcford, it will bo seen that blanks arc left opposite to many 
of the queries ; — 

"1. Wliat is the name ormuaesof 
your moimslerj ? 

3. Ill whnt couaty? 

3. In what dioueae siliiatt^d? 

4. In what day, iiiontb, and ycor 
founded ? 

5. B_v whom or by whftt persona 
founded P 

6. To what fialnt or saiiitd dedi' 
caleil? 

7. Who is jour Father Ablitit, or, 
in other words, of what monnstfiry i* 
your church {ecclnaia) a dnughter? 

S. On what day did the canons of 
that mother (^huri^h first come to 
your ramiastery? 

9. Who was the fint abbot of 
your monastery ? 

10, IVhuE Hmrchea or rrligioua 
lioiucB arc daughters to your niooos- 
tery? 



1. The Convent of Ihireford* 

S, In the county of Suases. 

3. In CLioheater diocese. 

4. In thi: time of King John^ tliut 
is, Irnfon: A,C. 1217. 

5. It waa founded by Ilcnry de 
lloese, 

6. In honour of St. John the Bap* 
tiflt, and of the Blessed Mary. 

7- The Abljot of Welbeck is our 
Father Abbot. 



IL What cells arc there to your 
monasttiry P 

12. How many parish chitrchea 
ore uppropriated to ^oiur house? 

13. By nhat curalea or vieara are 
those cliurchea aervcdP 

11. How many chitntrica have 
jouP 

IB. By what curalts arc tlicy 
cd? 



9. 

1(1. Its daughter is the monaatery 

of l^ykgh or Mcbliiri^ (Maldoii), 
vsWicii was at firat daugiiter of Ni^w- 
houae. 

IL 

IS. It has one churcli. 

13, Tlie curate only is aetndnr. 

14. 

IS. 



^* Ru-liBP^ H<>diiLati, educated bL Cdiu' 
briilge, »iw at i\nt tho abbot of Sliap. 
IwcouiL* bidhop of St. Aflflpli in 1471^ of 



Xx^ifff in 1108, nnd of EU m IGO], H« 
di(<d Aiigunt 25, 1505, HUd waa buried in 
bin own catboUreiJ. 



88 



DlTREtORD ABBES', 



10. IIdw many abbots bavc you 16, 

had? 

n. Your patron (poiifljjfl^roniur)? 11. Nicliolaa Husje ia founder or 

patron. 
16. >YIio is now your abbot? IB. 



u u 



The vague and iiiacciirato answer to the fourth query ia 
remarkable, for we Iiave shown documentary evidence of the 
fouadatioii in Henry IFa time, which tbe canons miglit and 
ought to have known. The canons of Durtford had retained 
no tradition of their first abbot, or even of the number of 
such heads of tlicir own house. The tenth answer claims 
JBylcgh as its daughter, but ofiera no explanation of such a 
pedigree, aa to the time or motive of its transtcrenco from 
Newhouae. 

RouERT York applied to his diocesan bishop for the cns- 
toniary benediction ; and, as the form of doing so illustrates 
the nature of the dependence of Diireford upon Wclbeek, it 
may be here given from the Episcopal Register, T). !)2, for the 
Latin transcript of which I am indebted to the able assistance 
of Mr, Seaman of Chichester ; — 

" Let it be remcmbctrwl that on tl»e 20lb Jay of the month of Muruh Jn tlic 
year of onr Lor^l l&Ol, there nppoarcJ personally Ibc religious man Brother 

Robert Yuuk, Canon li*'p;iilar of the PremoEiatraten&ian OrtliTof tbe moiioa- 
t*My of tilt Blea3<?d Mary of Tu[>h*jluiu in the dioctae of Lincoln, circled hs 
Abbot of the monastery of St. John \hc Bjkptbt of Puivforde of the aAtne 
rreraoMtratenaian Ordpr, and eonlimied by the rpligioue man Brtjtbor 
Eobert,'^ Abbot of the mormstpry of Welbeck, Fatlit-r of the said Order, as 
by bia Icttera to that purpose has been evidently catabhahed {comtahat ei 
coMifti) before the Reverend Father in Chris* aacl Lord, the Lord Edward,^'' 
by riivioG pennisaioji, Bishop of ChlchcBtcr, m the Chiipd within his lUQiiot 
of Aldyngbonie, tlien and Ihurc petitioninfr for the gift of Benediction to he 
bestowed upon him by the said Itevcrend Father. 

*' Inflflinvieh aa ihe Beverend Father immediately appointed him the follow- 
ing duj at Llie ninth liour of the forenoon of the Biiid dnj to rectivi? auc-li a 
gift of Brnedictitin, at whldi d:iy and hour opciimrig. the fiuid Revcrc-fid 
Father, in the aforesaid Chupel, clolhed in hia pontifieal robes, solemnly 
imparted to the snid RoBEur YonsE, then utid there the gift of Benediction, 
as the custom ia, mon^over Jifler the preiniaes had been performed, the same 
Lord Robert immediately offered subrQlssicui and obt^diciicc [siiljt-ciiitrtei/i el 

phedicHclam prestitit) to the add Lord iu the IbUeu-ingfijrin of words; "In the 



^ Sloflno MSS. 49S4. p. &4. Id., p, 15, 
f. 117 flif, IQb, 

" Thid Abbot Robert u not iaBnti0ncd 
ID tho MoDBAicon. 



^ Sdirard Storr, Bishop of Cftrliale, 
li7B, died l&Od. 



iJURErORD ADBEYp 



61) 



nnme of God, amerj. T, hmtliPr TinnEKT YonKEi AMint of the Mnnasteiy 
of St. Jolm tlie Bnptist of i>(irufonl, of i\\u i'reniODBtmlensiftn Order, in llie 
dioceac of Cliichcsttr, promise always to cxliibit aubmiaaioii, revt-rence, tmii 
oledience, as ordaiin-d bj the Uulj FBtbiir^j »ccordin|i; to liie role of 
St. AugiwtiHo, to )'0Ui the Reverend FatlieT hi Christ, £dwnrd BisLup cif 
Cliidirattr, and to jour successors ctuionically flubstUiited, ami to the Holy 
Ste of tl:e Cliiirdi of Cliichtattr, siivuig the privilffje» gnmlcd to our OrdT 
bj the Jiol^v Sci% ildiI J subscribe this with my oivn hQiid/ oud he mode a 
ctoaa in the maoDcr writtf:n bcncQtb> ^ 

" To all the sons of Holy Wotbor Chwrcb, who may citamine Ibc present 
letters, Edward, by Divir^e penniasion^ Bishop of Cliicbester, Greeting ixi Llie 
Saviour of ulU 1 wiab it to be l)rou£rht to tbi? notice of you h11 by these prt^sctds, 
that whereoa it liaa breti aiul is duly provided for his eliurcb iu tbi; mounsttry of 
Ihti Bleaacd Virj^ia Mary and of St. John tlii^ BypList of Dun-ford of tb? l*n> 
uioji&tratensinn OiJer, lat^'ly vae!*nt anrl deprived of the <'OiieolBtion of thHr 
Pualor by (lie voliifdnry cei*Bion of 8ir Robert Kepijinj;;, lately Abbot of the 
Bank', by Brother Robeht Yobke, n religion* man ami ciinou of the same 
Ordtr in Ibe inonaitery of the Blessed Mary of Tupholme in the iliccesu of 
Lincoln, hcing cnooidefJly elected joci-ording to theatfltutea and privileges <iftbo 
saline Order, oa Abbot of thcBaidmonaat^ryofDureford, aiultrontirnitJ, as baa 
b+M^u evidently proved, andis proved by the lett/'rs of iJio itligioua man Brolber 
Kobert Abbot of Widbeek, sufficiently aulboriat'd with reijiect to the preniiacfl 
Oh Fnthtr of tiie nforeaaid Ordt^r, directed and prPaented to na conccnuiig 
Ihi-ae matters ; We therefore, wishing to fullil nu our part wbEiterer belongs 
to our oflicc eoTieerm!!*; the Beiiedietion of the aaiue abbot eli^et and continued, 
by our pontifical authority, duly impart the ^ift of Benediction accustomed to 
be iujphrted to ubbota, upon the same Brother Kobekt Youke, lbu3 elected 
ami coidirmfd as ahbot of the said luoiiastury of Durefortl ujion tbe 30tb day 
of M.ireb, in tbe year of our Lord nbovc written in ibi* chapel of our Manor 
of AMyiigbume, all matters being observed and prarlised which arc rc(|uiR^d 
by fonu mid the cualoiu of the church for tbe Boleuinity of sueb nii office, and 

we have thtfn nud IhtTC solemnly bieasc;d Idio. Iu tcstiiuony of which onr 
Seal has been appended to thtae pn*>tenta. Given on iW. clay and place 
aforesaid in the year of tie Lord ISOl, and iii the 34th year of our Trana- 
iBtion." 



After this ofEciul proof of tbt' ockuowledgtid autliorit^ ui 
Welbcck over Durcforcl Abbey, besides othe? instauces pre- 
viously adduced, it is remarkable tbut there is no trace ot' it 
in Dugdale's J/offfT^//cr?ff, Dor of the power of visitatiou dele- 
gated to an English abbot of the order by the parent house of 
Premonatre. 

It was probably in Abbot Robert Yoeke's time that the last 
recorded general chapter of the order took plaec in 1604, as atcII 
as the last visitation in 1500, The former was callcd-togctbcr 
by the letters of the same long-lived Richard Redtnan, then 
Bishop of Ely. to the abbots of the order* Writing from bis 



Vlll. 



15 



90 



DUEEFORD ABBET, 



palace at Ely, May 20, 1504, he required "their persona] 
nttctaduncc at the church of the Friara Minor, at Nottiiighaiu, 
on August 5, at the capitidar hour, namely, the ninth hour/' 
and Btrictly enjoined "each abbot to brmg his pastoral staff, 
with a ceremonial cope (aim capa solvntHi)^ id order to walk 
in procession there," itnd each corrcspoodcut is "corefidly 
desired to pny the bearer of the letter/'^ 

IHfflnitio is the word apjiUcd to the decision taken on dis- 
puted points at these chapters, and in many cases tlioy refer 
only to tbe irregularities of dress, in which the Prenionstra- 
tensian canons sometimes indulged. We have not many 
notices however of them. In the chapter genera] of 13 IG, 
" the sisters of the order were forbidden to leave their con- 
vents, as they had been used to do {exire con^t/erwrmif), on 
account of the great scandal that bad arisen from it." In that 
of 1454, the principal object of attention was dress. 

"Inasmuch as a great want of conformity (ma^na dij- 
fortiiifm) ill our dress, namely, the wearing rochets, and the 
variety of capes and hats {copkiornM et ptleoi'tim), begets the 
greatest scandal to our order, although the wearers allege in 
their defcocc tlmt they are authorised by apostolical authority 
to use the dress of Black Canons and to wear rochets from 
time immemorial, even though contrary to the statutes of the 
order, It is ordained, in order to produce uuiforniity, that 
every one should wear rochets while celebrating divine service, 
and that at other times, and when riding, under monastic 
capes {sub capis cfaffsfrn/iiusj^BwA that the prelates should be 
allowed to wear black hats {pUits niffris)" ^" 

When the Abbot of Premonstre used to exercise his right 
of visitation in person, there was a stated form of address by 
which he commenced the proceedings, in which he extolled 
"his own house as the mother and mistress {mater el mnffistra) 
of all the others, who were as daughters committed by the 
Pope to his authority/'^ We have refeixed to the statistical 
questions asked in 1473 ; but on other occasions they are less 
important, as — "* 1 . ^A'hethe^ the canons should appear in albis 
at the proci^ssions in honor of patrons? 2. Whetlii-r Ihe abbot 
shall have his feet washed on Cena Durnini by the prior, as 



" Slooae MSS. ^35, f. 00. 



Id., f. 16. 



« Sloaao MSS, 4935, IT. 59, 83. 



DUREFOKD AUBEY. 



61 



the convent hy the abbot? {atn/m Jbbas haheblt pedes suoa 
Joios in Ci'ita Domitn, sicut convvntfis ah Ahbaic^^^^^ 

How these tlifficullies were decided, or what opinion the 
abbot of Durcfortl held on them, has not been transmitted to us. 

The loat visitation of Btireford and its sister abbeys which 
we can trnce was in 1506, by Thomas Wilkinson, Abbot of 
Weibeck, duly deputed by Prcmonstre. The account of his 
route explains the arrangement by which the visitor was on 
these occasions forwarded on from abbey to abbey, each having 
its assigned length of journey to provide for. It was on 
account of the expenses of these progresses {^eveciime8)\k\\A 
serioas complaints had been formerly made, and sumptuary 
regulations made. 

After visiting the abbeys of the order in the north of Eng- 
land, the proposed route was to take the visitor to Exeter on 
the 23d day, **by the favour of God assisting," and after a 
stay there during pleasure he was to resume bis chcuit from 
thence on September 8th, reach Basingstoke on the 13tli, aud 
remain the three next days " with the king then there." 

'•Sept- la. At Winfheatcr. «t tbpoipeiiseofthe Abbrt orTiohfddc. 
19- Witli the Bishop of Winchester. 

20. At Tichfelde, at aupper tune (Aora c&tt). 

21. To vliii. 

22. To (lecitb {fliffiniris), 
33. At Dtrftirdt nC supper timu. 
£4, To Ttait and decide, 

25. At Arumlel, ul Ihc «xpetkae of the Abbot of Dur/oril^. 
AG. At Lowys, at the tM|K-n90 of tho Abbot of Boj^lumi, 

27. At BcyhaiD, at supper timu. 

28. To visit. 
33. To decide, 
30. At Aahforth. at the expense of St. HadrgutLde, 

• » « « » 

6. At Kochtster, at tbe espense of tbe Abbot of Rylef^h, 

7. At Byivrirn, nt the expense of tlie Abbot of Byle^4. 

8. At Dyley ut supper time* 

9. To Tifiit and decide, and paaa the niglit at ColcheBter."** 



■Oct. 



Up to this time a dormant supremacy in Pre?nonstre had 
been acknowledged; bnt the strong liands of Henry VIII 
soon broke off this slight connection entirely. By Ills deed, 
dated at Knoll, Ang. 5, 1512, he referred with no small joy (//oa 



« Id,, r. J7. 



"^ M,» r SIR. 



DCRKFORU ABBEY. 



mediorriftY ^audcntcs) to the Pope having recently abolished 
all the jurisdiction, visitfttion, and supremacy exercised by 

■the Fn-iK'h Abbey of PrcmoiiatiX' over the Englieh convents of 
the order, nud having transferrL'd such powers to tbc abbey 
of VVclbeck. The king accordingly confurued this, a|ipolntcd 
the abbot one of his chaplains, aud gave liim autliority to 

* apprehend such monks as had thrown off their frocks, as 

» apostates and fugitives {pro coptione apmhtarum ei /uyi- 
tivon/m), wherever they miglit be fouud.*^ 

The fate of Diireford was now approaclniig, and was not 
averted by the removal of the nominal supremacy of Pre- 
nionstre- A few gifts still dropped in from pious friends. 
Ill 1519-20, John Coopor, of Ilarting, bequeathed 40*. to the 

f convent; but probably the last gift it wns destined to n^ceive 
was from John Goring, who, in 1521, bequeathed 40s. to the 
Prior of Dnreford.^ 

When HoEiERT Yorke died is unknown; aud the name of 

■ the next abbot which occurs is that of John Sympson, des- 
tined to be the last of the scries. Under hini the abbey 

• came to the end conmiou to all the houses of ils order in 
England. Abbot John Sympson was invited to give his 
opinion on the dangerous question of the king's divorce, then 

»iu agitation, and his vote was given by the proxy of the Abbot 
of Tichfield, at the meeting of bishops aud abbots, which took 
place in the chapter of St. Paurs, April 5. 1533.°^ 

After a survey by the King's Comniiasioners, who valued 

■ it3 income at £108. 13*. yrf., the site of the abbey was 
granted to Sir William Fitzwilliam in 1357. The fraudulent 
abstractiou of the conventual property, which occasioned, in 

■ 1541, a judicial inciuiry into the conduct of the late abbot, 
H has been already detailed on a former occasion.*^ Four of 
I the last canons of Durcford appeared as witnesses — William 
f Synipson, the abbot's brother; John W^ukelyn, petty canon 

of St. Paura; John Hecpe of Steep, near Pclerstield, and 
IJeiiry Dunte of Priorsdcne, The Commissioner, Sir Edward 
Mervyn, re|)ortcd that many sheep and some church vest- 
ments of crimson velvet iiad been privately misappropriated 

« Rva*!r's Fmi.. vi, pnvt 1, T 35. "* Fuiafs'ri Wr>]j>,T, fi- 201, 

' Bape uf At-uiiikl, p. £61. 



DUREFORll ABBET. 



OS 



by the abbot John Sympson had dealt with the conventual 
proi}erty on its forcible seizure by the cruwii in a manner 
probfibly sanctioned both by his brethren, aud by the general 
opinion nnd practice of other convents in similar circiiinstances. 

With tliis iHacreditflble scene of pecnlatitfn the ciu'tain finally 
fell upon all the monastic nctora of Durefurd Abbey, except 
that in 1553 there yet survived one of thtj former occupants, 
William liurton, who had been incumbent of a chantry here, 
and was then enjoying a state pcnaion of £G. 13#. 4rf. a year.^ 

A grant of the site in fee farm was in 1544-5 given to 
Sir Edward Mervyn, Knight.'^ and in the beginning of Philip 
and Mary's reign, his heir, "Henry Marvyn, holding the late 
site of the monastery of Dureford and of others in Sussex," 
was called upon to sliow by what title he held them,*^ There 
may at that time have been some intention of its restoration, 
but of this there is no further evidence. 

A similar inquiry as to title took place in 1010-7, when 
Bishop Thonias Bilaon was called upon to defend it from 
seizure by the crown, and the descendants of his heirs have 
continued to hold land in this neighhourhood.^" 

On the dissolution of the conventual establishment, its civil 
poj*sc35ors soon deprived the site of all the distinctive marks 
of its former purpose. The principal buildings, including the 
cturch, were cEFcctnally destroyed. No one can now, with 
nny probability, trace wlicrc the "michcs and black loafs" were 
baked, or the conventual beer brewed. The chapter-house, 
where so many profitable corrodies were signed, and so many 
anxious elections for abbots decided, is utterly gone, unless 
the broken tiles occasionally found may mark its whereabouts ; 
nor need we look for the chambers and the hall where a king 
once lodged and banqueted, and the Pather Abbot was wont 
to arrive at " supper tinie." The annual " white gloves/' or 
"gold shoes/' or "rose in June/' are no longer reqnired : 
while, on the other hand, the significant restriction of Alan de 
St. George, disabling the canons '' from receiving more from 
himself or his heirs/' has been fulfilled beyond his meaning. 
Cattle and swine may now roam over the spots where so many 



" Willis'B Hiat. Abbfji. ii. 237. 
* Add. him. 571)0, C S13, frum H^giiil. 
Crown Grants. 



■* Fiisc'li. E««pd-, I BTid 3 PhUip aod 

Mnrj, rot, 47' 

^ Trin. lUcord, 11 Jaa. T, rot, 8, 



geueratlons of pious worsliippera knelt before the altars of 
'' the Holy Cross " " St. Mary/' or " St, Catherine ;" and the 
TOQtiy lamps and candles which the donors intended la bnrn 
*' night and day for ever" before thein^ are ftU put out, IVo 
old rusty keys, a few foundations near a bam, some scattered 
stones of carved nionldiags, souic of which are incrusted in 
modem walls, have been found, and there is a tradition that 
the east window of Rogate charch was taken from the ruins 
of the abbey. 

Of all the great and good, who may have been here byried, 
one monumental stone aloue, probably of the thirteenth cen- 
tury, remains, placed upright in a modern wall. From this 
all name and date are etfaced, though, as if in mockery, the 
vorda "virpie viemorie'' still remain legible on it. The 
formula of inviting the prayers of the pious for the repose of 
the soul of this now forgotten Christmn, imperfectly trace- 
able, seems to have run thus: — '^xt fi£piiUuS fSE tit pir 

mrmortt , . , . anima ejus per miscricorliiam IBei 
rrquUscat in pace, amen, (See woodcut, p. 96.) 




^ouUi Ytftwt D( DuTffonl Fnurj- 



DUREFOHD ABBET. 



95 



Some part of the ancient structure seeras to have been 
converted into a dwcUing-hoosc, and of thb drawings, now in 
the British JInscum, wero taken in 17S3, hy S, Hh Grimm."^* 
From copies of these the nccompanjing woodcuts have been 
made; but no remains of such a building now exist, and it 
must have been wholly demolished by the proprietor, Lord 
Stawel], two years after the views were taken by Grimm, to 
make way for the modern farm-house which now occupies the 
Bite, and on the east front of which is Inscribed, "L'" S. 17S4,*' 

No impression of any seal of Dureford Abbey has been 
found. 




The following Abbots of Diu-cford have been noticed in 
these pages ; but the scriea, though much fuller than any pre* 
viousl^' ctjllected, is probably yet incomplete, 

Aildnc, Prior of Dureford, I'um Henry IL 

Uobert, Abbot of Darefotd 1173-80. 1204, 1229, 

William, U3fl-37, 1342, 1244, 

Valeutiue, 12t8, 1353, 

John, 1363, 12fi7, 1270, 1271. 1279, 1381, 1380. 

Oabert, 1310, 

John, 132L 

Thcmoa, 1333. 1327. 

John atteHc. 13G4. 

^ Aad. AfSS, G07&,p. 28, formtDg pari of tlu Sum-11 CutUoluFii. 



M 



DUREFOBD ABnS):. 



Joliii Ultinge, 1404. 

Nidioks BuUk'kmg, UU. 

Jt>Ii[i ntyug. 141S. 

Winter, U65, 

Robert Kvppvng, reaigncd 1B01> 

RoWrL YorW. UOl. 

Jobn SympiKiD, aurrenclerc*! 1534, 

NoTB.— Since the deacription of the tile No 4, jit p. Gl, waa printcJ, aii 
entire tile has been found at tbc Society of Anticjaancs, from ^VarMirgtou, 
hy tfliich it appears lliut the fourth c^ missing coat of arms is tlut of 



^Tpiqf'^viga):^ 




UiMiBitKjuUl Sdina ia DurvfiKd Ablioj 



Thf FAillLIES OF BRiVOSE ov Cheswobth, 
AND HOO, 

BY WILLIAM DUERANT COOPEH. F.S.A. 



fiEAC AT HOBSHASi, JllLT 12, ISfiB. 



The tombs of Braosc and of Hoo, on either side of the 
chancel, are the most interesting antiquariau remains in this 
church of Horsham, One commemorates the last lord of the 
CliesM'orth* branch of the noble and powerful Braose family ; 
and the other is stated byPhilpot and Griimii tu Ije the tomb 
of the ouly lord of the knightly famUy of IIoo, and an ancestor 
of Queen Eliiiiheth j although I am inchned to think thiit the 
MS. collections in the CoUejge of Arms, which slate that Lord 
Hoo was buried at Battle Abbey, are correct, and that the 
tomb at Horsham was erected to the memory of his half- 
brother, Thomas Hoo. Much historical interest however 
attaches to the men, of whom Sussex may well be proud, 
and whose memories are sought to be preserved by those 
stately memorials. There have been many genealogical 
difficulticfi with reference to both, which, with the assistance 
of Sir Charles George Young, Garter; T. W. King, Esq., 
York Herald ; and Walter Nelson, Esq., of the Public Record 
Office, I bcbeve that I shall be able to remove, referruig to 
pubUc documents, many of which have never been noticed in 
any pnbUshed account of either family. 

And first, of Braose^ of Chesworih. 
There has been considerable confusion in the accounts of 
descent of the Braose property subsequently to the death of 



' It ia nearly certain that C1ic9^orLh 
n-ob tlii^ tiouAa At vJjkcb Eilwikrd II wu 
L-iiUTtJLiued oa S«p1:. 4<, 13^ Sef^ SHgsex 

dt- BnwM would have bfen bis Lost. 
VIIL 



' TliPiiiiplj pi-'ilitjrctof BruoBoorDnuu- 
bi^r I1114 bccu prioltid iii the Sumus Atrk. 
CotlecUont, vol. V, p, 5, aad in Crui- 
wrigUt'* fiapcj of Bnnubcr. 

13 



98 



FAMILY OF BRAOSE. 



WtLLiAM DE BraosEj lord of Bramber and tiower, who died 
1 9 Edw, II (1320), leaving two daughters and heirs : — 

1. Ai.ivA, who married first John de Mowbriiy, and after- 
wardF* Richard dc Pcshale, and who succeeded to the castle 
and manor of Bramber, and the manors of Horsham, Shorham, 
Knapp, and Bcauhussuii in Sussex; and 

2. Joan, who married James dc Bolmn of MidLurst. 
Upon the death of this WiUiaui, the male luic was continued 

through his half-brother Peter, till the eldest branch of that 
line became extinct, on the death of Thomas the infant son 
of TiioHAs DE Braose, who resided at Chcsworth, and who 
lies buried under the tomb on the Bonth side of the chancel 
in Ilorshmn church. In 13!)5, a sad calamity overtook the 
femily. The father died 2d September, 19 Rich. 11^ aged 
forty-two years, lenving as his survivor, his widow, Margaret, 
and two children, viz., Thomas, of the age of seven days only 
on his fathers death, and who died on 7th of the followuig 
month, October ; and one ^langhter JnA?^. who whb two years 
andahalf old when her father died, and became heiress to lier 
brother, surviving him however only three days, and dying 
October 10, 1395, as appears by the inquisition on the death 
of Tliomas de Braose, or Brcwesc, their father, taken at 
Horsham, October 22, 1395.^ The tomb no doubt contains 
the bodies of the children as well as of the father. 

By this inquisition, it appears that Thomas dc Brcwese,* at 
the time of his death, owned in Sussex the manor of Bydlyng- 
ton, held as of the barony of Bramber by knight's service ; 
£4. 8s. d^d. rents of assize in Horaliani and Snthurst, for- 
merly pora^l of the manor of Seggwick, held of the Earl 
Marshal ; and 2s. 9rf, rents of assise in Horsham, formerly part 
of the manor of Chcsworth, held of John Ilalsham as of his 
manor of Appelsbam, Thomas de Braose had previously 
executed a feofTmeut of " Chersworthc and Seghwyke, ' 



» Inq. Carl. Ho, Eidi*, 19 BHi. H, 

au 8 and 9. 

* B;dtioddaMatIlD9ham,4aEaw.ni 
(137^), made betwmn Er^tni, nho vat 
me []iLii|{bl«T of Roger Moniiiu^p Snrl of 
March,nndwii3lbcntlic widow ofrhoHiftft, 
Bon of l*ci€T dc Bmoac of Uie one part, 

Temrhit^ and John, paraon of tlio church 
Dt'TliarDey,orihv vbbdx purt, llie nuuiors. 



do,, of Ahich b«r eon Tlioinaa thtta died 

tfued, had bften BpLtledf Hftei" her death, 
upon her children, Thomiu do Brtfouae, 
Potcr, ELizabctfi, niul Johtmno, and the 

hoirfi of Ihirir hoiliiw aiicrvs-iiTply, ivif U ro- 

mnindor lo the riplit licire of fiir TliomsB 
Er'ou6q, Km. Add. MSS. GTOS, p. 321, 
Thi^ n>in&irLdL'r took i^tVixt, la all tlie 
cliildren fiorac'd in tho deed aaer Thomae 
du?d befuro 1395, S.P- 



FAMILY OP BRAOSE. 



99 



manors in Sussex, in (rust for Margaret Lis wife. He held 
also the nianora of Manyngfdd Brewose in Wilts ; half of 
Bromlegh, worth £10, 2s. Sd. a year, and also the manors of 
Imworth, held of Thomas Earl of Kent, and of Bocham Pnrva, 
worth ICO^. a year, all in Surrey; Tettebury manor, Glou- 
cestershire ; together with a messuage and land at Wyrthorp, 
Yorkshire; and lands called Gaatones, held of the Earl of 
Staftbrd, and Canipiones Downe in Little Bocham, also in 
Surrey. On the death of this Thomas and Ins children, the 
jury found that Ehzabcth, then the wife of Sir William Heron, 
Knighl, was cousin and nearest heir. Margaret, the wife of 
Thomas Braose, is stated in the pedigree printed by Cart- 
wright to have heen the daughter of John Berkeley. Sir 
John Berkeley however was her tliird husband, and she held 
Tetteburj' during her life **as of the enduwment of Thotnas 
Brewca, Knight, licr late first husband."^ 

To her aflectionate remembrance of her first husband and 
their children, wc probably owe the erection of the elegant 
tomb. It has been fully described by Sir Samuel Mcyrick in 
Cartwriglit's ^fl/j-? of Jtrawit^r, where the recumbent figure ia 
engraved- Drawings by Grimm of tomb and figure arc also 
ill the Biurell MSS. (No. 5673). It is only necessary to add 
that portions of the workmanship of the ample camail may stLII 
be traced, and that under the arms there are remains of colours. 
The workmanship of the tomb seems to me to he foreign: 
the only stone of a like chamrter in the ncighbonrhnod is the 
Eeigatc tire-slonc; and llie whole appears to be very simOai' 
to the Arundel tomb in Chichester Catiiedral. 

Ladv Heron was the only daughter of William Sai, who 
married Beatrix de Brags e. sister of Thomas dc Brewose, on 
whom the intiuisition was taken .^ She married first, at the 
early age of sixteen, Sir John de Falvesle, Knt, ; and on 13th 
September, 1389, they made a feoffment of Buxted manor 
(which she had derived from her brother John Say on his 
death, 5'.i*.) toTlioniaa Brcwea, Kut., Thomas Sackville, Knt., 
Walter Ualyngmgge, and others.^ After the death of Falvesle 



* Pardon of nllonfltirin fnr MuTg*n"t 
Berkeley, Rot- Pat,, 30ih Wot., 3* Heiin 
VI (l^iS), furL 1, m. 23; iiof in pimlttl 
niluTiclar, tilie married eecomny SirWiU 
IJam Buri>Gat.iHT, bj whom fllio cUpu liod 



chilclpcn, Hut noiip by Sir J. Bi-rlipU^, 

* Inq. p.m. 6urri?7 and 3u43i"i, 19 
TlHi. II, m. ft nnJ ^ 

^ AJd, S!SS. 570S. p, 100. Btw alau 
Hortfleld'a L*wcb, tvI. h, p. ^. 



100 



FAMILY or BEAOSE. 



(drm 1302), she remarried Sir William ITeronn She did not 
long keep tlic Cheavrorth and Surrey property thus acquired; 
for ahc died i^itliout issue, on July 8, 1399 {2!i Rich. II), 
a>t. thirty-two, only four years after her cousins. It seems, 
from her second husband's will, that she had settled the pro- 
perty of her mother's family (after Heron's death) on the heir 
of Braose, and died seized to herself and her Hglit heirs, the 
Says, in Sussex only of the Say jnanora of Hames (holden of 
ttfce Eflrl of Arjindfl hy the service of a knight's fee, and named 
from her family ITam-say), Rocksfetle, and Streate, l>j virtue 
of a fine levied to her use. Her second husband entered and 
held these lands till he died October 31. 1404. On two in- 
quisitions in Sussex, taken at Steyning on February 28, 1405, 
and atDitchcning on March 28 following/ her heirs were found 
lobe, — 1, William de Clinton, chev., souofWUliam de Clinton, 
chev., son of John de Clinton, Knight, and Idonea his wife, 
aunt of the said Elizabeth; 2, Maria, the wife of Otho de 
Worthingtou, set. thirty- four, and MatUda her sister, aet- twenty- 
eight, daughters of Thomas de Aldon, Knight, and Elizabeth 
his wife, second aunt of the said Elizabeth ; and 3, Roger de 
Fienles, who would be twenty years of age on the feast of the 
Exaltation of the Cross then next (September 14), son of 
William de Fienles, son of William de Fienles and Joan his 
wife, third aunt of the said Elizabeth, and on September 20, 
6 Henry IV, the custody of his lands in Sussex, &c., was con- 
signed to Sir John Pelham.* 

Gfio&oB Breweb or Brewsic was in possession of Ches* 
worth, and the other property late of Thomas de Braosc, in 
1411-12 (13 Hen. IV), when the subsidy of G*. Bd. in the 
pound on all who had above £20 a year in land was collected,^"* 
He died without issue, on Innocents' day, December 28, 
1418,^^ seizedof the manor of Bromley, Surrey, by the service 
of a knight's fee ; and Counlcrshall, which ho held for lifo 
by the service of a rose ; and he held jointly with his wife 
Elizabeth, and their heira. Little Bockham, and also the 
Sussex manors j^^ and it was thereupon found that Hugh 



* Jnq. p. m. Hcnrj IT, on Kli^ab^th 
Heron, nni] also on Sir W. Heron. Corlt. 
Ho. Ride MSS. 

• Add. MS9- &-1S6, fol. TO. 

"> Subftidv R"ll CirlL no. Rido M3S. 
ChcawoTtli And Scdgviiik. vt^rc both wortU 
lOOf. a year. In the wune roU, John 



JtrcwH held "^WtiiDatou, worth £20 n 
jrari MnnPfllrn. worth£lOj tnd ilyen, 
wortli £5. 134- 4J. 

^' Inq. nt Sotithwarlij 13th FchvOBf^, 
fi Henry V, CarL Ho. Ride MS8. 



PArflLY'OP' BRXOfefi. 



' '2or ■ 



Cokeaey, son and heir of Walkr Cokesey, was hia coushi and 
next litir ;*^ being son of Walter, son of Isahd, avIio was wife 
of Walter Cokesey, daughter of Agnea, wife of Urianus de 
St. Pierre, sister of the said Georee Brewse, who in tho 
pardon of alienation of Tettcbury^* in 1445, is further 
descrilied aa son of John Brcwes, a brother of Thomas Brewea, 
who died in 13GL tlje fatlier of Thomas Brewcs, whose widow 
had romaiTiGd Sir John Berkeley. EUzabcth^ the widow of 
George Brewes, had an assignment of dower out of his lands 
in Horsham, Crawley, Rou^hey, and Noteburst, Susses, find 
also in Bromley, Surrey,^^ and having married Thomas 
Slyfeld, she died Angnat 24, 1433.** 

The property of Chesworth, Sejrgewink, and Rydlington, in 
Snssex, passi^^d from this Hdhh Cokkaey to Sir John Greville, 
son of his sister Joice (who had married John Greville of 
Campden) ; he died 24th August! 480,^^ leaving an only son, 
Thomas Greville alias Cokesey, then of the age of twenty-eight 
years, but who died without issue on the 14th June 1498. 

On the death of this Sir Thomas GRE\nLLE, Thoraa-s Earl 
of Surrey, and Sir Maurice Berkeley (brother and heir uf 
William, late Marqais of Berkeley), on the 18th June 1498, 
as cousins and heirs of George Brewsc {the brother of Agnes), 
had special Uvery of these estates, which thereupon became 
reunited to the estates of the Braose family.^'* It is stated in 
Collins that the estates were in the following Easter term 
divided between the families ; but a diligent search at West- 
minster has failed to find the document referred to by Collins. 

These estates, on the death of the great heiress, Ann 
Mowbray, had come to the Berkeleys, who had married 
Isabel, and The HowARns, who had married Margaret, 
daughters and ultimately coheirs of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, 
oi the family of Mowbray. 



" Ho wna then IWingj but Db, 9 nonry 
T, 11)21, Tnri. Bucks uii Bed^; bU 
vifo IV lift ik-ad. 

^ OnNovcMnbcr20,14,lS(24ni"r.VT), 
thiTOwa^ a fiBntoQ for alii'TiiLtion cf Totlo- 
burf, GlouwatCTBhiro, gratileri lo Mnr- 
gjiivt Berkeley, who, it ■■ fllHt<Kl,b[i'l it bj 
the eodtufinent of Sir Th*:*Tna? Brew**, 
Kniglit, Ler laU* fir^t liusbfiTirl, lo wboLJi 
it dime by mbiritrinf^? from Sir Rn|ih 
Gdlcoftp^, Knight, the kinsmiin anii heir 
of lbs poiit Sir Tbomnn, vtt, tho ton of 



Waltfr CokpaiTf-, (be Htm of T«i1x'l, the 
dflugbterof AgnGS, llie Hint*T of tivoret', 
tlie Hon of Jcjhii, Iho brotbor of TbomaH, 
tLo fatlicr of tho aniil Tboniaa Brewa. 
Rot. Put. 24 Hen, VI, paTt 1, m. E3. 

" Inq-lOHon.Vtoa Hfn.TI, Cftrlt. 
Ha. TEidp 

^* Inq. ]i. m. 12th Not-, 11 Hen, VI, 
Cnrlt, Ho. Kute. 

'J Inq. Iftkfln at Kingston, 20 Eilw. rV. 

" Coil. Top, Olid Qen., voL vi, p, 71. 




Lnnl uf Dfbtiiekt and QuipVirri 

ob. 16 Hi-n. IH, bj fJl from hone. 

Qee Smscj Arch. Coll., 

TOJ. T, pp- 5, ISa, 



da. of Llcwctj-n *!> JcrwOrl 

Prince of North WBJtsi ;^' 

romnr. 

81r Willinm Ctiflbrd, 



Liabel, 
da. of Gflbort 

de CI ore, 
E, or Giouc. 



EIleo- ^ Wiliiftm ^ 
\Kthj deUraoBtj 
d.AJi.of yb> 1J2W, 

mood 
2d ttil't.^ 



^WilLiam de Braosi? i: 
burit'd nL 

Fiadon, 1290, 



do. of 

Thomm do 

hf lilt oil. 

IkX wifo> 



d*. of 

dti MocIb. 
2d vile. 



Beatr 
da-AliHtvsB 

of Jolin do 
St. EEoriti. 
1st wife. 



T=Sir 



ir GileH:= 



dcBnoso; 
ob. 13U5, 



I 
^/ipcr do 
£raos<t 1 

mftr. 1298. 
JoUn do 

Mawbmj ; 
remnr. 

Kitthard da 
P»liiiLe : 
coheirws. 



Joii* do 
mar. 

cohfires*. 



Lucj,Bolo 

dn^ find 

hinr«BB 

of Iwr 

raollier ; 

mu-. ^b- 

Moltrbvara. 



Mnnd, 
da, of 

dc Witney, 
2d wife. 



wiijd Fin doQj 4c, 
ob. boforo 



John do Maud, 

liord of htirwfl, 

SuakillgbsTD, mar. 



Tnomu de = BeiLriif 



ton und 
hoiFi tot, 

3 yokn, 
33Edi«J. 



Wm. 
Fromo, 

of 
■VTood- 

land*^ 
Dorset. 



o^rner of 
Chtiawortli, 
Ar. i ff-t. \H at 
fat hf^r's death; 
flum, to Pnri. 
1343 ki 1354.: 
ob. 136X- 



da, of RogoF 

Mortimer, 
Earl of March, 
Andnidowof 

Edward 
Plarttugonct ; 
ob. 7RiGb.IL 



John, - 


= EliEn- 


Tlionafl di! ^ 


»tL.«& 


b^lh, 


lin-wi-fl. KL 


»k 


da- of 


ipL. 15 at 


flilhet-'fl 


Edward 


d«atb uF 


deatli i 


do 


brother ; 


ob. 


Mon- 


0b.23cpt, 


aPcb, 


iBgU. 


1306, 4Et, 


1308. 




4i3:bu.at 


S.P. 




ILonbam. 



Mitrgarst, 
dti- of . . , . . , 

remar. Sir Win. 

k tben Sir John 
BerltL'U'j, of Eiv 

vcratDDi',OliJUi:.i 

Bud ob. IH&." 



Peter, 
Eliu- 
both, 

J OKU) 

bU ob. 
S.P. 

before 
1395. 



l3«itriideBra0Be,=p Wiliiani, 

bein^a I'f Iter I Lord Bttf- 

brothor and his 

childniTi^ wbu 

ilied 1395. 

fnq. p- m. 

10 Rifb, II, 

Siir. ODii SUAB. 



I 

Tkomtii de Braoso, 

or Bn>iroA ; 

7 di^s i^Id 

■t father' » detttb i 

ob. 7 Oct. lays, 

an ioliiat. 



Jufl* de BrBOaf, John, John da ^ ^/iffflieiA," ^ Sir 

orRivwcssi Lord Falroola, nrl, 16 Willinm 

ttt. 21 fcaT9 Snv ; Lord on death of 

on fftllnjr'i death : ob. Sajj her brother; 

oh. 10 O.'t. lass, 5. P. Ipit boirwa, 

ut InbaL 1:1S3, liuFibfiTid. bb vail of 

in hii ob.lffivj^ Thomaa 

nmiuritj. 1 !192 ; do Hmoiw* 

bu. in Ei» of bia two 

Priorj, I'hiidreii. 

Lcwee. Oh. BthJuly, 
13tl9, S.P. 



de 
lleroji. ' 

Snd 

buaband^ 
ub. I 
31 Got. I 
I'lOl. 



" CfliitrewifwBBalordabip,bBloDBing to 
the Priiiee of Wales. 

"fli'oKotiocoftholiwtThomiairno,p.l23. 

" The nomo of hot lalh«r ib not giTi-n in 
the MS- PechgTveB in Coll. of ArmB. In 
John Smythe'a MS. Litph nt thn Bfrkdi^ya, 

in Coll. of Anns (vol. ii, p, 371). Sir John 
Bi-rkele'rifl detepibHlnaof Bevcrston Oi^tb, 
andjuJiaviiit: imrrivd^ Hiirvii v, Mni'gnrrt, the 



widow of Sir Thomai Bn?ouse, ef Tetbury, 
wLo flUTTircd him 17 yc*ra, and bj wliom 

\ie liad no issue. 

'^ Uuth hinbftndu of tiiia Eliiabetb Vi'ro 
HUmmoned " jure lUioriB," 04 Lord 3flj. On 
Ihi* dnatb of Hir Williom Heron Lard S ij, 
Roger, son and hair of William deFienuL'a, 
WBB one heir. Sw Dag, Bur, vol. i, n>. 5ir^ 
7aOi vol, ii. I'. 173. 



i 



FAUILV OF B1U0S£. 



103 



Mutt, da. of WQlittm do Boo^ 

^romar'lit, Tbomna iltf BrotherUm, 

EsTl of Norfolk ( 

3Td wHd. 



AgncB =p 



Potor do Bnwse, 
heir of lib brother 

ob, 13ia. 
laq. &£:dw,II. 



of 
WeatuMon. 



dn, of 
Sir Roger 



Jolm da Brecroiw, 

Knt, of Leigli,= 

Bot- "[>at. 
21 U.^on Vr. 



ffit Pct*jr =T= 
lud ^nrnt cf 
Wtttnpflloii, 

oh. 13B0, 



Mnrgwt 

Braoic ; 



Jahftnna, 

grand' dji. of 

Adam do 
SttiEiifonii 
And t\n. of 
Sir JoUu 
Wi-vdou. 



John; 
fitutu, 

ob. 
A P. 



Brotfpfti romar. 



Affnfa,^= Vn- 



ob. 

1418. 



Thomna 
SJyfddi 

ob. 24 
AugTial, 

1433. 



Brew(H 

bt-irou 

of bur 

bi-otlier. 




nil us 

do 

St. 

Picrro. 



JoliD — 

de 

Brewjsj 

ob. 

29 No?, 

I42fi. 

bu, nt 
Wistoii. 



da. of 

TliomaB, 

Lonl 

Poyninifp, 

lit wm% 

Biid aai J 



Wioiliaui. 



Iiobcl dc St. PitTre * ^8Lr Wsltor, son & bcir of 



tJiUy uhild. 



J 



WaltwCokewr — 



lugb Cokeft-T J 

Oh. ap. 



fiir John 



Joim Cotnioy, 
rdioB Bcaui:liAiiip. 



Sir Huflh Cokeicy j 
ol>. 9Uuti»V> 



-J- John Gwvillii, 
of CDJapdtui, 



di< UrtuiHt 
»*U tHi nl 
d«tb (jf 
brotlipr I 
iIlivi wid< 
flfS-r 
llutfb 

of Widtj^n 1 
ob HIO, 

TolT,p.7. 



T 



dlci =r 



oK S4 August, lidO, (_ 



ob. 14 JnnH, 1498- S.F. 



^ Tliifl John ia BmmeonBly dMcribiHl oa 
UiOBOn (ifWiliiiinof \YHitn*aton,orWlnloQ, 
in tb(! MSS,, Coll. of Arjos^YinceiLt^BChfloa, 

E,225jPnd QloTcr^t QuatrefoLl, ^.42^ vlwre^ 
DWflveT, in a laU;r liaitd, tbLi John is oor- 

roctiy stated to bo tho son of Peter, who 



died 131 £ Tbo mode in wtuoh OluSiwortb. 
&■?. |iwBcUt cuiiHriDB Iho Fcdi|£rve prlnlea 
aborci Oi do alec tb« InquimtionB P.M.^ nn 
the Brnoa and xho QrcvilleB, and Iho T*<lfi- 
bui7 Pardon, Bot. Pat, 2-i Uvtt^ Vl» part 1, 
m. 23. 



" See Pbilpot's A MS., ColL Arma, pp. 70-75, for Pedigrpw of Sl Picrro and Ookoaeit. 



104 



FAMILY OF HOO, 



HOO, 



The family of Hoo had a Saxon origin, and was settled in 
Kent. In the Te^tftrs Ifoffemis^ a MS. written h'wj^^ Hen. I, 
there is a Saxon will of Brightricus and J^^lswithe his wife, 
from wliieh it app(>ars that one Edrich de Ho wa3 living in 
Kent in the time of Odo llie Archbishop, Find several of the 
name were donors to the Church of St. Andrew,^ 

They spread over many counties, At the end of the reign 
of King John, or at the commencement of that of Henry UL 
they were seated in Bedfordshire ; and they were eai'Iy found 
also at Munustolce, in Hampshire. Peter Le Neve, in a MS. 
note in Chauncy*s Hcrfford^hire, m the library of the Society 
of Antic|uarie3, p. BIO, is of opinion that the upper part of the 
pedigree down to Robert, who married Fitzwaryn, has no 
authority ; but the first seal, now engraved, gives an anthority 
for the mairiage of his father M'ith a daughter of Alexander Earl 
of Andeviile; and I print the pedigree entire from Harl, MS, 
881, p. 75, collated with Vincent, B, ii (p. 18G), among the 
MSS. in the College of Arms. The Hertfordshire branch, 
which merged into the Keatcs, is descended, according to 
Philpot, from Eleanor Wmgfleld, the second wife of Sir William 
Hoo, whilst Ciulterbuck, vol. iii, p. 73, incorrectly miLkes the 
descent from the first wife, Alice St. Omer; this could not 
hflve betiu accordijig to the Bedfordshire InqiiisitioiJ,3Hen,VlI, 
No. 48, which I now give for the first lime. Blomefield, 
in hia Norfolk, vol. x, p, 40, niakea William Hoo of Wisset, 
Norfolk, and Richard Hoo of BIyburgh, younger sone of Sir 
William and hia wife Alice, nnd brothei-s by the whole hlood 
of Lord Hoo. This also is incorrect j the Hoos of Seaming, 
Norfolk, were descended from Robert Hoo, who in 1418 
(6 Henry V), purchased Maltlaster, Norfolk.^ 

In the year 1292, Robeet dk Hoo, who married Beatrix 
de Andeviile, obtained a grant of free warren in his demesne 
lands in Knebworth and Harpenden, Herts, together with a 
fair of three days, and a weekly market, in Kncbwortli ; 
and also free warren in Hartford-Hoo, Stopeslcy, and Maiden, 
Beds: Clopton, Camh. ; and Livethorpe, Oxon.^ It would 



1 USS-oFGJrBymotidaB'Ewaflf Haru 
MS, 381, p. 77. 
^ Hod q&.'^ in toi at Cbaiiter Houae, 



Wefltiniiutn'. 

3 Clull^rbiiok's Horla, fol. 1, p. 30fi. 
*nd vol. ii, p. 37s. 



FAMILY OF JIOO- 



106 



seem cerfftin, therefore, that he Iiad no tlemesne lands in 
Suasex ; uor have I been Rbk- to find any trace in our county 
of Iiis son Robert, who nmrried Ikwiso Fitzwarrea, and died 
in 13i0. 

The earliest notice I have discovered of the name in Sussex 
18 in 1324 (IS Edward II}, when William atte IIoo owned 
the manor of Woolbeeding.* 

SiaTnuMAs im lloo, Ivnt., son of the last-mentioned Robert, 
married Isabel, only child and heiress of John de St. Lcgcr, who 
died in 1320, seized of large estates in Sussex, Nortliiinipton- 
shire, and Herts. She was horn on 2 jtli Muy 131U, at Ilotcot, 
in Northamptonshire, and there baptized,^ Her father died 
when sLe was ouly seven years of age,*^ leaving her his great 
estate!} in Northamptonshire, Herts, and Susses. Her wardship 
had beca granted tu Roger Mortimer Earl uf March, and was 
by Lira deadai^d to Richard St. Leger.'^ When she was only 
Iwcive years of ugt, an iinjiilsiliou was taken to know whether 
she was of fall age; and wheashe was only fifteen (DtliEdw.JlI)* 
she was already the wife of Thomas de Hoo. Two years 
afterwards her husband obtained grants of free warren, not 
only in his own pntrimoniut lordaliips of Hoo, Stopealey, and 
Wheat ham stead, Hcrts^^but also grants, in respect of his wife's 
Sussex estates, of a yearly fair, and weekly market on Tues- 
days, in the manor of Wartliug. and also fairs of tliree days 
each in the manors of Buckstcpc end Dallington ; and in 
1356 (30 Edw. HI), a grant of free warren in all his manors 
in this county, ^^ He was sheriff of Surrey and Sussex for 
six years, \iz. 1348, 9, and 60, and again in 1356, 7, and S; 
he was also escheator for both these counties, ^^ and repre- 
aeuted the county of Bedford in Pai'bament-^' He had also 
land at IIoo, in this county ; for on 6th May 1 372, by a feoff- 
ment there dated, he and his wife made a grant to William 

thi'ee acres of land called Not- 



Nott of a messuage and 



• Col. Tmi- ad Quod Dniu. p. 2S0- 
> Bot, Pflt. Inn, tak^ bI Towi^eni^r, 
£0 June, 7 Edw, 111. Tiir pouulip pro- 

uunciation of the iiaiiio wujj and in Votk- 

iliiro uliU IB, " SfllUn|>or," huiipo the titk of 
Ibe old MuntrjilHTioetiinQof ^'SiilliiLgfr'fl 
Round," pivcTi ici W- CimpijpU'fl '* I'opulnr 
JluMc of Uii^ Oldon Tunc, p. Sfl. 

" Hot, pm. I.iq, lattn ai OtUcf, 23 
ficpt., 30 Edff. TI, No. 23. 

VIII, 



T Tu(j. aEdw. in, Ko-Sl. 

' Hoi. Pflt. Inq, laken at TuwecfiUjr, 
9 Edward Til, No. 21 ; writ dated from 
York, 3lBt Mblt, to tlic ahrriU" of North- 

oiiL|tton, to di^livcr oti>r the c^Ut^, ihe 
buLtig thfn ihu wifi* of T. Uix». 

fl ClutturbocV, vol. 1, p, 306, 

'" Cfll, RoLPii!.,p, 221. 

" Curl, Ho. RidcMSS. 

^ WiUii. Not. Pirl. 

14 



106 



FAMILY CF HOO, 



tjsloud in IIoo.'^ lie died 18th Sept. 1380, and was buried 
III St. Albans, leaving his wife Biiniving: who died 2nd July 
1393» and wna huiicd with licr hnsband; having obtained in 
1390 (14 Rich. II) a confirmution of the grants of fairs, free 
warren, &c. in the Sussex lands to herself and her heirs,** 
They had two sons — 

John 1!oo of Knebworlh, who died S.P., and 
Sir WiiiLiAM Hoo, Kiit., who wna a man of considerable 
importance during the reigiia of Edward III, Riehard II, 
and Henry IV. Hl^ was a legatee under the will of Sir 
Thomas Wingfiold (of the Suffolk family), bearing date 
17th July 1378 ;'* but the first notice I find of his public 
services was in the year 1370, on the ISth of May, in which 
year (44 Edward III) he had an allowance of £40 for his 
wages \vhilst lie was in the king*a service at Calais.'^ In 
1387, he assisttid Michael dc la Pole Earl of Snffolk to escape 
in the disguise of a *' Flemish poulterer," with his beard 
shaved, and to reach Calais ou his flight from the imminent 
danger then tlireatening liim from those in opposition to the 
Courl,^^ In the same year, Hoo was made keeper or captain 
of the caatle of Oye» in tlje marches of Picardy ; and on 
1st October 13S7, being about to pi'occed to the Holy City 
of Jerusalem, and possibly absent for two years, he obtained 
the king's license to appoint his son William, or his brother. 




or any other sufficient person, as his deputy keeper diu'iug his 
absence,^^ He seems to have been continued in his keeper- 



^* Balile \bUi-y RwctrJft, p. 62. 
" Cal. Hot. Pftt., p, 221. 

« AiiBti&, Order of il.oGarl*r,¥ol.i, p, 223. 



" PniiitiutjTitio I*9uo B>11, p. ]3G. 
*' Vita BioaHi II ttiU- ncmjic) p. 00. 
^^ Rym. Fa'd., vol. iit, put *, p. IS. 



FAMILY OF HOO, 



107 



sliip of Oye daring the remnin(l(T of the reign of Richard, 
being jearly reappointed: the counterpart of ihe indenture, 
dated 16th Nov. 1392 (Ifith Rich. 11), states his reappoint- 
ment from the following July, with q garrison of ten inen-at- 
arms, each paid ^d. a day for wages ; and 30 archers on foot. 
paid 6rf. a day each : his own salary being £ 1 a quarter, by 
the king's favour; ^* and to this indeiitm'e is appended the 
seal wc engrave. 

In February 1398, he was in England, and appeared before 
a jury siunmoned at Wcsthain, to inquire into the non-repair 
of the banks in the marsh from Borham-bridge, through those 
knds of Sir WiUiam Hoo which were situated between the 
lands of the Abbot of Bcgeham near the bridge, and the lands 
of Stephen Plasted,-^ the bank having gone to decay through 
the neglect of the owners of the property -^^ 

The appointment in l^icardy was not renewed on the acces- 
sion of llenr}' IV ; for among the proceedings of tlie Privy 
Council in May 1402 (3 Hen. IV) is a memorandum tospeak 
to the king for Sir William Hoo 'touching the restitution of the 
caatlc of Oyc/''" He was nevertheless occupied by his new 
sovereign in state matters of great trust. On 12th March 
1405 {0th Henry \Y) he M'as one of the auibassadoi-a from 
Eiighnd to treat with tlioae of Margaret Ducbesa of Bur- 
gundy relative to the affaiis of the Low Counlnes, and a treaty 
of merchandise with Flanders. ^^ On 3d July in the nest year he 
was appointed, with Sir \Vm. Aston, lieutenant of Calais, and 
five others, to treat with the agents of John Duke of Burgundy 
for a general abstinence from war, and for a treaty to regulate 
the morchandiflc and fishing between the two countries.** 
And on 5th October following he was one of the persons 
appointed to negotiate with France a treaty to secure the free 
passage of the sea'^ being at that time serving in the garrison 
of Calais under John Earl of Somerset, the captain there. 
On 8th May 1407. he was nppolntetb with three others, to 
treat on behalf of Heniy with the deputies of the Duke of 



" Hari. Charier, 51 G. S. 

* Dupd, EnibantiTi^^ pp. *I2, tU. 

^' Ici 1399 be wupntroQ of the church 
of Wiflton. 

^ Mbolu,ProD.of Friv;Couiioil,vo1.i, 
p. 183. 



^ Rjm. Fajd., toI. iv^ pt. l,p. 79- 

'■ iG., p. 99j uriil Nk*k)lrifl, I'roLfedineB 

ofPriTjCouiiuil, vo\. i, p. 292, whpTOtho 

instrucliona aru priutixl. 

^ %m. FccJ., Tol. ir, part 1, p. lOS. 



108 



FAMJLY OF HOO. 



Biirguiuly concerning the publication of tbc treaty of mer- 
cbnuts conchiilctl between the two countries;^ nnd tlie letter 
from the foiir English deputies, with tlicir scaU atfi^ed, to the 
deputies of the duke, dated 14th June 1407, is pi'eacrvcd 
amonfc the AddilionQl MSS, in the British Mmcum.^ Tlirc 



rce 



among 

years later ho was nppoiatccl on another coinmiasion of a like 
chni'actor; but having been delayed in England, anotlier per- 
son was on 12th May 1410,^ appointed in his place, Hia 
atreitglh was fading him, and the knight, who for forty years 
had faithfully served three sovereigns, died on the 2i2d Nov. 
1410, at the ripe age of seventy-five years. He was twice 
married? the first wife being Aliee, daughter and coheir of 
Thonms de St.Omer, and on the side of her mother, Petronilla, 
eoheireaa of Nicholas Lord de Malmaynes, who brought him 
the property of Mulkebcrton, or Mulbarton, in Norfolk, and 
by whom he had Thomas, mentioned below; John, who in 
1438 joined with his nephew, Thomas, in releasing lauds at 
Wurtling, sold by his brother. Sir Thomas, to Sir Roger 
Fynes, Knt. {RoL Chm. Glh Henry VI, m. 8), and died S.P,-, 
possibly a William, who must also have died S.P?^ \ and one 
daughter, Margaret, who married the wealtliy Thomas St. Clerc, 
from which marriage tlic family of Gage is descended,^ The 
Becond wife was Eleanor, daughter of Sir John Wingfield ; 
and by her he had another son, Thomas, from whom the Hert- 
fordshire braueli is stated to have been descended ; she sur- 
vived her husband, and when the subsidy of 6^, ^d. in the 
pound on every person having £20 a year in hind was collected 
in lath Ilcnry IV, 1411-12, she held the manor of Wartling, 



" Bjm. FukI toL it, pt. J, p, 118. 

■ Rym. Fo)d-, vol- ir, parf 1, p. 169- 
" Kjin. Fa?d. vol. iii^ port 4-, p. 10. Ah 
tlie dobconrlKnri of the tiniiglitpr Margiipet 
VTiiTo ullimali'lf tht Lein of TlionuisHoo, 
who difd in 11^6, xhvn tim bonofoundQ- 
tion for the dtnLvat i^f Iho Uoo famllj 
of Scnminj! in ^orTolk fiMm Hiiotbcr son, 
Rii'lmrcl iTuo, 1'1-U>, up elnled in lUo pe» 
liiiircc publishtJ by Pnrfciii, in liJa coriti- 
ouflliaii of JSlumi^EtlJ'fl Norfolk (vol. v, 
p. 1056). Tlinv 19 no I'vkinii'o to cohticcI 

thy Scuming Gimilj with iJie Sussex. Xho 
deedj mlaliDg to tbo Uooa of SmrDin^ 



finci Burnhflm in f be CbapUr HousP^^Vcst- 
QiuiBlor, uiukc it uppour \\\ni (licit ninxta- 
tor wna a llobwl lloo, Ibi' puit'bodCT, in 
tith nunry V, of U)6 «tato tX Miltjuter 
in KuHolk. 

■■Sb" Jobn Q^ge Tuarrifd KIpiDor, one of 
Ib^ claugbttirs iicd cobeiree^'^. Thumafl 
St. Ok<re died bcizLxl of Imtds Jo SuiTolk. 
CBnibridgi*, LeiPtfttiirfthiro, niicka, Oson, 
trill iSiirn^j, aud of Euiidti \u Ili'i^btuo, 
TorJ-inc, OuLTingtoii, KxcfU', LaTtipham, 
Ni?viO]iliBm, nraUilrlt-La^Vt NotcWm. oud 
B rigbllichii ston, j u ^ uikk , Ti ucciit' a 5ua». ; 
MSii. CoU. of AriDB, p, ^9. 



PAMILY OP HOO- 



109 



an(J rentft, lands, nnd tenements in Warbulton and Bockstcpe, 
worth £G0 ptir annuin.^^ 

The arnia on the escutcheons and on the seal of Sir William 
Hoo now engraved, are : — 
D t^r f^" Or, a fcsse azurs, for ^Wt*y/Vfe 

'' Aauro a fcsse between six cross crosslets or, for 
Sl.Omcr. 



. ( 3, Azuro a fret argent^ a chief gu., for St.Lc^er. 



^ ' Aaurc three dexter hands 2 & 1 or (they should 
be sinister, but ai'e reversed on the seal), for 
Malmayjiea. 
In the centre are — 

The Arms of Hoo — quarterly Sa and ar., and the 
Crv^t a grittiu crowned with wings displayed. 
The motto '*Bifn aqiert" (well-gotten), an early instance 
of a punning motto; and between the arms of St. Leger and 
Maluiaynea is an Old English ^H, surmouated by a cro^vn. 

Sir William lloo presented to the living of Mulbarton in 
1307, and rebuilt the church and tower. In the chancel of 
this church he and his lii-st wife were buried- lie had 
adorned the windows with portraits of himself, of his wife 
Alice, and of her fa[iiily, and thuir arms, Bloincfield,^' 
writing jji 170&, says, that till lately one of the north win- 
dows had in it the picture of Sir Thomas de St. Omcr on his 
knees, in arnionri with liis sword on his side and his arms on 
hia siircoat, and his lady in the same posture behind him, 
with the arras of St. Omer and Mahnains ; and his daughter 
Alice behind them. Opposite was Sir AVilliam Hoo and his 
wife Alice, in the same posture, Ovur the former were the 
arms of Malnmins; over the latter were St. Omers Firms ^ at 
the top of the window were the anns of IIoo, and at the 
bottom this inscription : — 

— ^Uj pour lEj almcjlEoitsicnr SCIjomns Scntotnifris 
Gt )3ainc ^cviuflU sa JFtmmc. 

The Hon, Tbomas Hod, by Alice St. Omcr^ was knighted in 
1405 (6 Henry IV}, in his father's hfetimc, and was present 



31 SaUiii^ AoU forSuiBa, Cult. Hu. 



» Norfolk, ToL Jii, p. GL. 



110 



FAMILY OP HOO, 



anf] fought nt the battle of Agincoiirt, on St. Crispin's day, 
25th Octohrr 1415. being the only knight in the retinue of 
Thomas Lord Camoys, who commanded the left wiog of the 
army on that memorable day; and whose retinue was composed 
entirely of Sussex men»^ lu the enrolment of liis account 
ill the Pipe Scries among the Carlton House Ride MSS.. the 
return is distinctly njarked Sussex, and the names of the 
whole retinue are given. Lord Camoys" waf;es were 4^. a day 
for himself; 2^. a day for his knight. Sir Thomas Hoo; 27 
men-at-arma at 12fi?. a day; and 00 archers at Gd. a day: 
the whole sum payable to Camoya from tlie Exchcciucr for 
wages being £302. 8*- 4^/,, and a further sum of £10. Ss. 4rf. 
for a third part of the redemption of divers prisouers. On 
25th June 14211 (8th Henry V), Sir Thomas Hoo was ap- 
pointed, with Hugh Halsham and Robert Lord Poynings, by 
the king's council, for the safe and secure conduct of the Duke 
of Bourbon, the king's priaoner, from the seaport, where he 
should be received on board ship, to be taken to France into 
the king's presence. Sir Thomas having with him nineteen 
men-at-arms and forty archers.'*' He died 23d August 1420; 
haviug, like his latht-r, married hvo wives, by each of whom 
he hud also a son Thomas, a circumstance which bus created 
most of the dilliculty la tracing the family history. The first 
wife was daughter and heir of Thomas Felton of the county 
of Huntingdon," who died in 1400 ; and his second, Eliza- 
beth, daughter and coheiress of AVilliani dc Echingham,^ who 
survived her husband, and remarried Sir Thomas Lcwknor. 

Thomas (afterwards Lord) Hoo was the son by the first wife, 
Camden calls him " the noble Baron Hoo/' and he rendered 
very eminent services to his sovcreignj aliko as a soldier and a 
lawyer. In early life he was esquire of the chamber to 
Thomas Duke of Exeter, in whose retinue he probably went 
into France in 1419, and who, by his will dated 29th 
December 142G, left him one of his {the duke's) "coursers, 
rallod Dunnc."'^' In 1431, Hoo was one of the feoffees of the 
large estates of William de ia Pole Earl of SiiBulk,'^ with 



■ In Kicolw' Agincourt, p. 342, Iho 
^unly of TiATii'ii^tu!' u nroogl^ placed, 
uaiiut Lord Caniova' retinue. 

» DoTDu^a Pfil ttoU, p. 363. 



"^ DugdnJc hu c&llud tior, in error, tlia 
flrsl wilo of hereon Thomaa. 
» HiiH.MS, 381, p. 75. 
^ T«l. Vcl> p. 310. 
>* Cotton CluLrton, xiij, 33- 



FAUILT OF HOO. 



Ill 



whom he acted in all public matters j but of the earlier hfo 
I Imvc found uo notice ; nor can I fiud any record of tho 
services which, immediately after the death of the Duke of 
Bedford, Regent of France^ led to tho appointment of Thomas 
Hoo, on 1st October 1435, as Keeper of the Seals, aud hia 
subsecjuent elevation, on lathDceeuibcr 143fi, to the dignity 
of Chancellor of France,^^ which he continued to fill, with 
some intermissions, till Oct. 1, 1449. The ChnTirt-llnr of France 
in 14il5 was Louis de Luxembourg, Bishop of Tlierouenne 
in Frnuce, and afterwards of Kly in England; and the policy 
of tliis appointment of Hoo has been strongly questioned in 
a work of authority attributed to Lord Bronghain,'"" wherein 
he describes the Duke of York as wholly devoid of the pru- 
dence and wary circumspection which, joined to his singular 
firmness, had enabled his predecessor (Bedford) to maintain 
a lioUI over the conquered country when surrounded by such 
complicated difficulties, and says, that while the distracted 
councils of the English regency, and the ofEcial forms of com- 
pleting his appointment, iletained him above half a year, ho 
committed the great indiscretion of removing the Chancellor 
Therouenne to make way for an "English favoiu'itc/' and 
thus "alienated the House of Luxembourg at a time tv'hen 
the loss of all other support made its countenance of peculiar 
importance." If however the dale of lloo's first appoint- 
mcnt as Keeper given by Du Chesiic be correct, it could 
scarcely have been the sole act of York, for the Parliament 
which named him Regent did not meet till 10th October, 
and the evidence of Luxembourg's disgust is not very clear, 
Dm"ijig the Duke of York's delay in England, the Chancellor 
[Luxembourg), with Lord Willoughby, tried to appease the 
people of Paris; failing in which, they retired to the Bastile 
of St. Anthony, which they defended for ten days with their 
small company, till, finding no aid arrive, they, on the 13th 
Ajiril 1430, yielded it up on the terms that they and theirs, 
with their baggage, should return to llouen, tUcn tUc seat 
of government.^* It is probable that the absence of the 
Chancellor at Paris led to the necessity of appointing a 
keeper at Rouen. In tho year 1436, Luxembourg was made 



P.44S. 



Houw of LannuteTf p. 320. 
*^ Holmahi-d, p, 613. 



112 



FAMILY OF HOO. 



Archbishop of Rouen, receiving a cardinara hat in 1439. 
Occtisioiially, during the time of lioos occupation elsewhere, 
Luxembourg still acted as Chaucdior. Writs dated 6th and 
ISth l^tibmary 1430, iu refcrciicu to the affairs of his relative, 
Jacfjuellue, the Dowager Duchess of Bedford, were addressed 
to hiiu jia still Cliancellon*^ In 1438 also, he was made 
Bislio^ of Ely> and m the same year he acted as Cbuucellor 
in France, Moreover, in tlic patent of the king, dated from 
Eltliam, 9th September ]44iJ, authorizing the Duke of York 
and others to negotiate a peace, not only is Luxcnjboiu'g styled 
"our Chancellor in France," but he 13 asaociatcd in the embassy 
with ThoDi£\s IIoo,*^ and be made his will by the title of Chan- 
cellor,** on 1 5th September 1 43S, being then at Rouen, though 
he subsequently retired to the episcopal palace at HatHctd, 
Herts, where he died/* Tliere sct-ms also good reason lo he 
found for tlie apjjointment of a soldier rather than an cede- 
pi&stic, in the disturbed state of the country ; nor have the 
occupations of the bench and the camp been found, even in 
present times, wholly incompatible- Iu the lime of the late 
war, Erakine was colonel of a volmitcer regiment of lawyers, 
and the present Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and more 
than one of "her Majesty's counsel learned in the law," have 
served in the army, — whilst another Queen's counsel, and 
late Attorney-General, once served as a niidshipmau- 

Bnt whatever may have led to the appointment of IToo, it 
is certain that his military services were called into requisi- 
tion, and were successful. Net withsf^m cling the recently 
signed treaty of Arras, the Normans of the country of Caux, 
being, according to Hall's Cfiromcle,^ '* somewhat heartened 
by the death of the Puke of Bedford, began a new rebellion, 
and slow divers Knglishmen, and robbed many pretty towns, 
■ft^hich were of King Henry's fashion and part ; and took 
the town of Harflcur by assault, and divers other towns. The 
Lord Talbot, being advertised of this rebellion, sent for the 
Lord Scales, Sir Thomas Kiriell, and the Lord IIoo, which 
afflicted and plagued the people of Caux, that they slew above 



** Rytn. Fa>d. vol v, pp. 2S, 36. 

« Ibidjj. 115. 

*■ Du ChCBnp, p. ^MH, whero 4 i?opy of 
of llu* will iri^vHii. Hi^ tUrpi'tc'il hidHtnly 
to be buritt] in Iho cnthednkJ of Notre 



I]|iiEk4>^ Hi Rouen, if be died them. 

^ Qi^ died llih Sijptcmlwr 1^1, and 
W03 buried nt EIt. 

« Hall, 13 Hm. VF, fol. 18 n, 1. W, 



FAWiLr OP noo. 



113 



five thousand persons, and burnt all the towns and villagea 
in the country not being walled, so timt in that pnrt was 
neither habitation nor tillage, for all the people fled into 
Britiinny, and all the heaats of the country wcn^ hruugbt to 
Caudebec, where a good sheep was sold for an English penny, 
and a cow for twelve pence." According to Curte,*^ 20,000 
peasants committed horrible ravages, till the country was so 
wasted that they could not subsist, and were forced to disband 
ard seek for bread in other provinces by like depredations. 

The expenses paid out of the English Exchequer in main- 
taining the forces in Normandy were very considerable. On 
24lh May 143G, £100 were paid to the Chancellor of the 
king **ia hia kingdom of France/' in part of 1500 nohles 
which the king directed to be given hiiu, " by the advice and 
assent of his council, in part payment of the fees zmd rewards 
of 300 men-iit-ai'ms and 900 archers lately in the service of 
the king lu his kingdom of Pnuice," for the term of St, John 
tile Duptist in the preceding year : on the sunie day, the farther 
Bum of £170. I65, Hr^» was delivered to the same Chancellor 
in part payment of the fees and rewards of 200 men-at-arma 
and 600 archers, lately retained for the custody of the kingdom 
of Prance, for the same term of St. John the Baptist ; and also 
the sum of £129. 12^. in payment of the like number of men- 
at-arms and archers for ^lichaeluifis term, of the llth year of 
Henry VL*** To the Chancellor also was paid on ^5th 
September 1436^ the large sum of £006. 13-*. 4d/. on tho 
seiz»U'e and recovery of St, Valery-**' 

During the whole period of Hoo's chancellorship, the toils 
of war contended with the labours of the bench. The ruhng 

JjoweTB in England were not slow in granting full rewards 
or these public services. In 1 439, a grant was ma<ie to him 
of the fee of the castle, and the lordship, harony, and honour 
of Hastings, The reward proved an incitement to renewed 
exertions. In the spring of that year, a large expedition was 
fitted out in England under Richard Duke of York, John 
Lord Sondes, and John Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury, The 
forces of Talbot were embarked at Wiuchelsea, After they 



*f Bookiii, p-712, 
« 1^uDEoil,i£oa*HoaKM&S,(EuLcr) 
U Hco. VL 
VIII. 



*^ [bit!, Tho Gltancclbr to wliom llu!«e 
Hoo bung ouLy as yoK bwpiir, 

15 



114 



FAMILY OF HOO. 



had landed, Sir Thomaa Hoo was sent by Talbot to the 
Captain of Mantes, and to the Lioutcnant at Pontoisc, to 
incroaso the garrison of Vernon;^ and in 1440 and 1441, 
Sir Thonifts was bimaell" BailiflF anil Captain of Mantes, re- 
ceiving on 13th Jidy 1440 a sum of Iti liv. 9 sols, tournois i^^ 
and on 13th October llll, he had the fnrther sum of lOG )iv, 
2 sols. 1 den. toiirn., bt^ing then lat^s Cuptaiii and Bailiff 
there :^* he had been transferred to the command of Vcrnueil 
to succeed Neville Lord Falconbridgc, who, on 18th Nov. 
1441, received pay for 20 moimtcd men-at-arms and 00 
archers under his command there, until the new Captain 
(Sir T. Hoo) took possession.^ Sir Thomas waa at the same 
time Master of Ostel. lie was knighted in this year, and 
received from the crown a grant of £40 a year out of the 
revenues of Norfolk for life for his large expenses and 
special services in the kings wars.^ It appears by the 
King^s Letters Patent, dated from Rouen, 2Gth January 
1443/° that he was not long in winning his spurs, or rather 
wearing them like a knight ; for he hud gone to Ronen with 
Sir Francis dc Surieune, Knight of the Garter, called " the 
Arragonian," and described by Monstrclct as " a great captain 
of the King of England in those parts of I'^'auce under his 
dominion/' though he had in 1438 surrendered Moiitorgia for 
a consideration." These two knights proposed to the Duke 
of York a scheme for taking the tov^-n and fortress of tialardon 
on the terms that the two knights shonid have charge of the 
place, if taken, and pay for the nien-at-nrms and archers : the 
booty to be divided between the two knights ; Su Thomas to 
be reimbursed his expenses; but the two to find always 250 
men for the king's service. The scheme was approved and 
adopted ; the treasurers were ordered to cause the receiver- 
general to pay for the force accordingly. Success attended the 
enterprise, and on 24th July 1443 the treaaiircrs directed the 
receiver to pay Suriemie his half of the expense of VZU men- 
at-arms and 330 archers "retained for tbe safeguard of the 

" Additional OiaHprfl, Brit. Mhb. ChaowLor in October 1440. That town 



No. ^15^ hy whirh it nr'!"^" ^'^"^ ^ ^^~ 
crimed 30 §d1h for tht' jouroey, 

** n>„ Ho. iieii. 

* lb.. No. 581. DiiChwine isin «ror 
m etaLiitg Ihnt Hixi whs appoint^] io be 
UoTcruoruf Miutefl, nliuu he otBwd lobv 



had fill™ bcron* TToij cpftseil t/> hij Cl«n- 
celior. 

" Add. ChartiTs, No, 1203. 

'* Dujr- Bar. 

" Adiiitional CbartcFfl, No. 463. 

"^ Outdj Bi>oL xii. 



FAMILY OF HOO. 



IIB 



town and fortress of Galardon, reduced to the king's obfi- 
dience," coMimeucing from the day of the surrender of the place 
up to Michaelmas then next, and thence quarterly." 

Diplomatic services were now required of Sir Thomas; 
and, on 3th September 144-5, he who had been successful as 
a soldier, was appointed one of the commissioners, at whose 
head was the Duke of York, and among them Luxembourg, 
again styled Chancellor of IVuuce, to treat of peace with the 
commissioners of Charles of France ;^^ and, at a court holden 
at Kltham on 9th October, the commission was confirmed, 
A truce of sevei-ai months was the result. Sir Thomas was 
in the renewed commission uncler his friend the Earl of 
Suffolk, appointed on I ItU Feb. 1 444, to renew the attempt, 
under the mediation of the Dui^hess of Burgundy, to complete 
ft truce or treaty of peace/" which ended in the treaty for a 
truce for Lwenty-two mouths, ajjrecdto at Tours on 25tb May. 
ratified on 27th June 1444, and continued till 1st April 1450.™* 
The payments to Sir Thomas Hoo on this embassy are among 
the Issue Rolls of the ExcUe<juer. Hctmibarktd on 22d April 
on board thu ship of W!dtt;r Pliilpot, called the Mary, of South- 
ampton, and returned by the ship of Itoburt Dolling called the 
3fary, of Cherbourg, cnch of whom received £15.^^ Sir Thomas 
received iOe, a day for his fees fi"uuj 2id April to 27th June, 
anf] his costs and expenses, amountiug to £134,'^ It was 
during these negotiations that Suflolk arranged the marriage 
between Henry and Margaret of Anjou; and in August, Sir 
Thomas Hoo was sent with Robert Lord Roos and Garter King 
at ArjOB from the King to " his most dear consort " Marg/irct,"^ 
proving liow much Hoo was in the confidence of Saflolk and 
of the Cardinal of Winchester The appointment was dated 
6th July 1414, and IIoo {having on 33J July drawn a sum 
of £91, paid by the hands rif Stephen Kyrkby, his chaplain, 
in advance of his wages of 40*. a day, being a knight, and 
the further sum of £26, 13s. 4^/. on account of hia expenses)," 



AJi Chortflrs, No, 167. 
f B.ym. Fii^i., toI. v, part l,p. 115- 
'lb., p. 133. 
» Cfcrtn.', Book ^i, p. 721. 
»* laano Kon, RolU Hoafo M3S„aOth 
Bfptflinbw (Easier) 23 Ucq, \L 

«2 Ih. (Kfuiw). IGlli July. 22H™-TT, 
I (Eaalor) ^iOth Julj, 23 lien. VI. 



"^fl AnflTip, T^L i. p, 338- 

« MSS- C&rlt. Hu, Rid^. Nuncioa. 
The Earl of SuU'oLk^e {my wu 1^3. (k. 8d. 
n (iaj: otliursarl*, andiibiohopuinployml 
ill embBfi«c4 in tbo same reign, hacl pimjliir 
Bum a, whilst a doctoi of Iaw4 bad but 20f. 
n iinj. 

* lBauflRoUMa.(Eiiator)23Hci;>VI. 



lie 



FAMILY or HOO. 



started on his enibassy on 22d August, and remained in attend* 
anco on Margaret until the landing in England, 11th April 
1445, being a period of halF a year and fifly-one days, lor 
which he received in the whole the sum of £4Sfi as his wages 
alone-°^ On tlie 5th Novemher 1444, the Earl and Countess 
(afterwards Duke and Duchess) of Suffolk started from Fug- 
land ; and in the same month the duke, as proxy of the king, 
espoused Margaret at Tours, and five niontha afttirwards es- 
corted the future Queen to our shores- They were absent for 
157 days5 

The unhappy and unfortunate marriage was solemnized at 
Tichtield on Sid April 1445, and iui mediately afterwards Sir 
ThoniJia lloo received from his sovereign the fullest reward for 
his delieute services, for the king endeavoured by a new grant 
to contirra to him the Icffdship of Hastings, about which there 
had been and continued to be a dispute with the Pelharas.*^ 
On 11th July 1445, according to the Black Book, Sir Thomas 
was elected into the noble Order of the Garter, at a Chapter 
said lo have been holdeu at the Lion at Brentford f^ and he 
was undoubt.edly placed in his stall on IGth August 1440;^^ 
and finally he was created a baron on (ith June 14-iy, with 
remainder to Im heirs male, by the title of Baron lloo, of 
lloo, in the county of Beclfurd, and of Hastings, in the 
county of Suasex.^^ 

In the mean time he had resumed the governorship of 
Mantes, receiving in that capacity on 4th April 1445 the sum 
of 200 livres toumoia,^^ and being directed lo receive subse- 
quently 3400 livres tournois due to him as such bailiff ami 
captuiu, out of S0,000 granted to the knig by the estates of 
Normandy." On 5tU l3eeember 1440, he was named by the 
kiug to treat aguiu with the ambussadors of Chailes VII for 
a further truce; and in the agreement made between the 
ambassadors of the two kings at the Priory of St. Julher's, 
between Mantca and Meulent, on the 15th of the same month, 
Sir Thomas, then atyled Chancellor of France, woh the amlms- 

" Garll . Ho. Ritk- MS, Soshcj: AnA. CitlltctiuRW, vol, IIj p. 102 ; 

^ Thr? jay of tbp Eurl and CoujitPsa vol. TV, p. 15L 
logelhiT Mflfi £4. lOj, ti duj, fii^d tJie *• Analifl, Iiitrodn, p. SS. 

^holn BUin puvablc to (iipui vmn il*Oa '^ \h.^ vol. It, p. 131. 

Ibilic Roll MS., SOLh July (EoaU^r), 7^ A^tdiEioiiii] U35., No. 6£98, p. 309. 

£3 HtTi. W, ^ Additi.>nrl CU&rtora. 

■» Oil. Hoi. Tal^ 53 Om, VI. p, 28R " lb., No. B53. 



I 



PAM[LY OP HOO, 



117 



sador for the King of Englnnd, whilst the Count de Durois 
and Simon Charles, " President en la Chanibre des Comptcs," 
acted for Charles,'^* Sir Thomaa was absent, attending to hia 
official duties in Normandy, by the king's command, on 
St. George's eve, in both the years 1448 and 1449; and in 
the latter year he was stil! governor of Mantes, though not 
actually in the town when it fell into the hands of Charles 
in his campaign against the English. Monstrelet"^ says, 
that during the rime of the truce, the English garrisons 
of Mantes, Vernueil, and Largiog had gone on the high road 
between Orleans and Paris, and had robbed and murdered all 
passengers and merchants that fell in their way. On 26th 
August 1449, the King, Charles, left Chartres, and summoned 
Mantes to surrender; ami the Counts Unnois and St. Pol, 
arriving with 500 or 600 men the same day, summoned the 
inliahitants to return to their obedience. They at first refused 
for fear of the garrison; and the Lieutenant- General Laving 
ordered preparations for an immediate attack, " the inhahitonts 
noticed this, but were fearful that the English garrison, amount- 
ing to 200 men, under Sir Thomaa Hou, Kut,, and Chancellor 
of the King of England in thtjae parts, would make a defence : 
he was not indeed in the town; but his Lieutenant, Thomas 
de St, Barbe, bailiff of the place, was present ;" and the inha- 
bitants, having seized a portion of the town called Port au 
Saint, forced him to accept a capitulation. 

The affairs of the King of England on the Continent were 
indeed in a gloomy state* The truce of Tours was allowed to 
expire without any of those preparations on the part of the 
Enghsh which the French had been making : nearly all the 
towns in Normandy fell or were surrendered to the French 
king. Before the expiration however of the truce, the then 
Ilegent Somerset in 14-19 sent over the Abbot of Gloucester, 
and Lord Hastings, the Chancellor, with a credence to the 
Government and Parliament of England to let the king know 
of the " doubtful ami danguroue disposition of France." The 
abbot opened the matter of the credence to Parliament, but 
no efficient steps were takon^^ 

On 1st October 1449, Lord IIoo and Hastings ceased to be 



'' Da OliunPip. US. 



^ £ot. PuL vol. T, p. Ii7. 



118 



FAMILY OP nOO. 



Chancellor iu Fmiice, He returned to England, and was 
rcgulai'Iy summoned to Parliament from tliia dote, 27thHcii.VI, 
till lus\ltifttlh Diigdale gives 3i^t lien. VI (1453) us the 
last summons ; but in the proceedings of the Privy Council 
on 24th May 1454, he waa one of the peers who pleaded tliat 
they were so sick and feeble, that they would not attend the 
Parliament which had met at Reading and been adjourned to 
Westminster; and the council, having found hia allegation to 
be proved, fined him £20, being only half the nmount he 
would otherwise have been liable to."^ His patron and friend 
had been killed ; and Lord Hoo does not seem to have Lad 
much heart to support the then dominant authorities, who 
had taken the government out of the king's hands, and 
had named the Uuke of York as Regent ; for on :34th July 
1454, hia lordship was charged with having once more 
absented himself when the Parliament had met again [on 25th 
June]» and he was commanded lo attend in the following 
Octoher,'^ 

He might indeed have had on the second occasion as valid 
an excuse as on the first, for he happily did not survive to 
witness the defeat of his royal master at the battle of St. Albans 
in May 1455, having died on 13th February 1455,^^ 

He also, like his father and grandfather, married twice, but 
had no male issue by either wife. His iirst wife was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Nicholas Wychiiigliam, by whom he had an only 
child :— 

Anna, aged thirty years at her father's death, and then 
married to Sir Geofirv Hulleyn,^ who was ancestor of Queen 
Elizabeth. Lady Bulleju, the daughter, died 2 Rich, 111, and 
was buried at Norwich. 

The second wife, who survived Lord Hoo, and remarried 
James Lawrence, was a daughter and heiress of Lionel Lord 
WelleSj by whom he left thiec daughters ; viz. ; — 

1, Another Anna, aet. seven at h<^r father's death, after- 
wards the wife of Sii- Roger Copley/^ of Roughey. 



^ NicolaSj Acta and PrMeedingi of 
Pri*T Council, vol. xi, pn 1^1. 

^ Inq. p. m, 33 Hpd. VI, Sussei. 
" Sir WUlifliii Hoo *ooiuji to bnvi'hnJ 
tL Butor Aua, not mentit^iwd in ihu piMii' 



greea, for in the win of Sir GcoflVj 
JluUi'vn, 11 June, l'lti3, a Ic'gat? ifl giv^a 
^' to DaniD Ann Iloo, my I'oinin, u uun, 
ot Berltin^;'— Ttjat. Vet., p. 300, 

t" It is worlbj of cole, thftt the onlj 
l«gtil work puUiflifld b; Jolui SJtigL-ton 



FAMILY OF OOO. 



119 



2, EleanoUj ret. five at her father's dcoth, who married 
first, Thomas EciiiNGirAM, and he dying S.l*., ehe remarried 
Sir James Carew, of Beddington, and 

3, Elizabeth, aet, four at ht?r father's deaths who married 
first, Thomas Massingberg, citizen and mercer of London, and 
secondly John Devenish, of Hellingly.^^ 

All these four daughters left mnle issue. 

On the day preceding his death, Lord Hoo made his will 
uii{ler his seal, copious extracts from which exist among the 
MSS. at the College of Arms,^"' and are printed with some 
omissions and errors in Nicolas' Test. Velust.;^ but there arc 
evidently several parts of the will left out in the MS., including 
the important point — the appointment of the executors. 

The Testament of TnE Lord Hoo. — I, Thomas Hoo, 
Kni/tjht, Loud nfWoQ, ami o/ Hastings, the xijth daye of 
february the yere of King Henry the sixt the xxxiij, beyng in 
good myiule make this my wyll and ordeuaunce after the 
fourme that folowith: ftyrst y will that myue flcoffys and 
uiyn executors ordeyn xx^' marks wourth lond of ycrely 
valUie, theye to geve it In to mortmayn to the abbot and 
covent of batail and to their successors or to geneue theym 
money as myne executors can agree w^ tbeyra, they to fynd 
two nionkes synggyng Iniperpetuile at saint Benyngnys^ 
awtyr In the sayd Abliey for me and myn awncetoui's, and ' 
for such personnes as niync executors wyll ordeyne. — Item, 
I wyll that my feoffys of the reuersion of the maners of 
WarCeling, bukstcpc (Waldron), and brokesmayle (Burwaah), 
which my lady lewkenore my mother in lawe hath tcrmc of 
her lyffe that my ileofys make or do to be made a sufficient 
and a sure estate of percell of the sayd maners lends and 
tent:meuta to the yerely value aboue all charges of x\" to my 
brother Thomas Hon and tu his Eyrys male of his body law- 
fully begotten^ the rcmaynder theiof to my right heyres. 
And yf hit so he that myn Eyres can agree, my sayd brother 
with other londys to the value of xx^' li yerely aboue all 



Ooplc-T (Lord LjndUanl) wns Ibe "Cnso 
of d Uoublci Rttarn for ilui Borough of 
Ilorahfiin," ISOG. wlicn Vinccumt pAlmin'- 
4t<in waa a caDdid^U? and uu^eaU'd, 

'^ Inq, ji. ID. 3miK«, 33 Hm. VL ami 
HirL M3. SSI. 



» M3. J, rij, fol. eu 

" Vol. I, p. 273. 

"* Sl nf-nignui wiu tlir api>4tle orBm:'- 
gundj, where Lho IIooV skill in diplo- 
iniiiij had btvn emrcised. Tlio prlli' 



120 



FAMILY OF IIOO. 



ehargys to hym and to his Eyres male, that then the sayd 
XX*' li wourth londe of the sayd macers of Werllyng, Bukstepe, 
and Brokeamnylc, be to my right eyres ; and also I wyll that 
the overpluce of the sayd niuutrs af wcrtliug, bukattiif, iiud 
brokcsmayll, after the decesc uf my lady my mother be kept 
styll Li fleoffys hondes into the lyme my dettes be (myed and 
my wyll and ordeuauce be fully pcrfourmcd; And tliat thaune 
Dame Allanor ray wytl' have hit terme of her lyfie, the re- 
maynder tberof to my right ^yi^s. Item, I wyll aa for 
bastings rape that hit be sold by my ifeotfys, and the money 
thcrot' to be dysposcd by myn cxccutours to the mariagc of 
my doughters, and that my brother bye hit afore any other 
man yf hyxn lysL^ 

Item, I wyll that myn executours paye to my lord Welles, 
my wyves father, tmj' markes, with that he make or doo to be 
made a sufficient and a sure astate of miners, londes, and 
tenements to the yerely valla of c marks abuve all charges 
to Alyenor my wyffe, terme of hor lyff ; and yf hit so be that 
the sayd Lord Welles will not make a suer and a sufficient 
aatate of the sayd mancrs, londea. and tenements, to the yerely 
valbi of c marks to the sayd Aliaiinr, that then I wyll my 
brother Thomas Hoo sue a statute of the stapill^^ of a m' li 
ageyust the sayd Lord Welles; and tliat the sayd money 
therof commyng be disposed byiny wyffe and my said brother. 
Jtem, Iwyll thatAjine my doughtcr Alyanor, and Elymbcth,^ 
have to their marraige a m" marks, and that they be rulyd, 
^uveruyd, and marj-ed by the discrecion of my wyffe and 
Thomas Hoo my brother, and that the sayd m*" marks be 
divided betwixt my sayd doughtei's by the discrecion of my 
wyBe and of my sayd brother. Item, I wyll that Johnne*' 
have to her maryage, yf she be rutyd after myn cxccutonra, 
xx\ and my wyflc to fynd her til she be maryed. Item, 
I wjU that Bellamy Ooodes and Mnrgarete bis wyft' \V of 
annuite, terme of lytf, out of the mancr of Coiemo.^ Jtem, 
I wyll that Hue Flynl have xx' of annuyte, terme of his lyffe, 



" Tlifl portionB pnntfd in ttallcfl ara 
eilher umitttid or mutpnntcd ui tlie Xuit. 

^ The statute of ff7 EdvanJ III, o. ff, 
vhkh DUbblLHl Janda to bo K'a&t till tho 
renU lud wtieQed dHbta Acknowlodgi'd lo 
be due. 



^ Tht^ae were the three dnughkra by 
t^s anxjoditife; Iht>daL:ghter by the itrab 
wnA alrtidy rnArried. 

^ Probflbly a Borftnt, mifitBiwn for 
Ihu flral daughfer of deoiafiud wiJV, hj 

^ CookcnuJ-Hoo, HtirlB. 



FAMILT OF HOO, 



ISl 



of the maner of Offley,^^ Itm, I wyll flint. Richard 
Goodyeunc have xx' of aniiuitc, tcrme of his !)ll', mil of the 
mancr of Mulberton.^ Item, I wyll timt robert Wr/w^s liiwe 
xs' of aniniite, tcniie of liis lytic, out of tlir niiiitrr at' llu(i,"*J 
It£M, I wyll that Willju Collvii have xx' of miinnlL-, k^rjuc of I 
his lyBe, out of the maiier of OtHcy, Itkm, / '/;//// fhrti Juhnx 
Sccok havf X'jf of a/iJtuifi^, termff of his If/ff'^ <'itt of tin' unr/wr 
of Iloo. Item, I wyll that John llnrdy hiivn his fynilyiig 
during his lyff by the discrccioii of my wytTe. J wyll tliat 
Jane the noricc he rewarded hy niy wyffs discsrccion. Itkm, 

1 wy \\ that John J^qt/eiffpn- \xAwii In WrTTE-NKssa 

wherof to this my present Wyll Indented I liavi- put to iny 
scale of myn arnies, wryltyri the daye and yerc above ft^yd. 

The exeeutors umucd in thu will were his wife rJli^am^r, ajid 
his half-brother, Thoiuau IIoo; but they reuouiiced, und lellera 
uf ndiuirji&t ration with the will annexed were granted at 
Lauibeth on 7th December 1455, to Riehard Li^wkitor, iijf 
appears by an entry in the register of Archbishop Thomaa 
Boiirchier (fol. 30), bnt there is no copy of thu will/"'* - 

Owing probably to the diatnrbed slate ol" tluj eouritry, th«i 
arrangement with Battle Abbey was not earned out till HSO, 
twenty-five years after the death ; but the option Mtjggi^^ted 
in the will as to discharging the lands in Siihwx from tliu 
entnil on the brother Thomas and his heirs, waa adopted wluji 
the youngeat daughter Klizahetb came of age; and iteeord- 
ingly, by a feoffment dated 10th December, 1,1th Kdward IV 
(1473), the manors of OfHey ard Coclcem-hoo (llertx), nnd the 
manor of Hoo in Luton (Beds), holden of William J^tanley, 
Knl„ were settled upon Thomas IIoo and hin heh» male, and 
in default thereof on his niece, Anne, the wife of (icoffry 
BuUeyii, and her heirs male,*^ The manor of Wartliiig in 
Susses, thereupon came in the divifiioii of the estates after the 
death of the widow, to Eleanor, the wife of Sir Jainen Cttri-w.*' 
It was however forfeited to the crown on the attainder of hin 

* W 2 Hm. Vn. iWdtL, Jlo. 4tt, ind 

midf hdr «f 9klvb CWvw, of Bad- 
rtin^iitn t vd ht ITli iba fspn «f iHim 
M99 CmhOv vnv ^»«Pff thma vt 4^0 

CWw Ulj, MM hf PW4r I^ Vm. 
10 



** OAn St. Ixger, Hcru, 

*■ LnUn, Bedi. 

M Amoac Ote i««vt» of tU> Ank- 
btfLop Ibew are wpwvf OM^viOtof 
pfrvoqa wbo died in tlw ^™— * of 
Karwifih, whilsl dial «<v m* ticinli k«| 
I c0UkJ Bad no dUicn otMttd at logUL 



123 



FAMILY or noo. 



grandson Sir Nicholas Carew, and in 1543 was purchased 
by James Gage,^ of Bentley, the great-grandson of Margaret, 
the daughter of Sir William Hoo, who married Thomas 
St, Clere.^ 

The rape of Hastings was not purchased by Thomas Hoo, 
the half-hrothcr, but was sold^ by him, Nicholas Huasce, and 
the other feoffees, in 1461 (1st Edward IV), to William, Lord 
Hastings, as being held of the gift of Sir John Pelhain. It 
was found on the inquisition taken at Battle^^ on 28th April 
1465, after Lord Hoos and Hastings' death, that he did not 
hold any land of the crown in Sussex, but that Sir John 
Pelham, Knt., had by his charter given to William Pole Mar- 
quess of Suffolk, Sir Thomas Lewknor, Knt., Thomas IIoo, 
and others, the rape of Hastings, of which they were seized in 
demesne as of fee ; and by another inquisition taken before 
the sheriff" at Lewes on lUth April 145S'^^ (36 Henry VI) it 
was found that this lordship of Hastings, &c. of which Sir 
John Pelham, Knt, died seized, was held of the king in chief 
by the service of two knigbts* fees and a half, and was worth 
100 marks yearly. 

The usual hearing of Lord Hoo and Hastings was Hqq and 
St. Omer quarterly, with Si. Lager on an escutcheon of pretence, 
which were on his plate as Knight of the Garter, hnpaling i 
Erm. on a chief aa. three crosses patee nr., for Wtjvhinyham^ 
the first wife; find afterwards: Or, a lion rampant sa. (it 
shoald have been with a double tail) for Welles. He did 
not wear the griffin as it appears on his grandfather's and 
his half-brother's scale as a crest, but a bull statant quarterly 
Ea. and ar. homed or.^"^^ The Hertfordshire branch of the 
family bore for their crest ; a maiden's head ppr. hair or. 
banded guJ^ 

The half-brother Thomas Hoo married early,Alice, daughter 
of Nicholas TIrrey, of Rusper in Sussex, who was burgess for 
Horsham in 1415, and of his wife Wilhelmina, daughter, and 
one of the three chUdren of Sir Thomas Bnrcestre, by Margaret, 

"" CirL Ho. Ride MSS. 



^ Applicition of Oigo to purehasei 
Inv. in AugtiK-at&tioii OBioe, 21 April, 
14, JLtix. Till. 

^ loq. p.TH- Bodi, 3 neQ.VlI, No.4S. 

^ Rot. CL 1 EdvF. IV., 5mkj Arch. 
ColUctitng, yo\. II, p. 163. 

™ Inq. p,m. Susi, 33 Uvn. TI. 



"^ Vinceut'H KnighU of tho Garter, 
MSa. OuU. df Amu. Thi- arms of (ho 
viTft of IbE Hooi, from Ihp OriflitliB to 
the Wickinghami^, ar« eoiblBZOUod ia 
Hoi-l. MS, lBl,f. 78. 

'"=■ Philpoi'anertB; MS3,CoU.DfArms, 



FAHILT OF HOO. 



123 



the widow of the S!r Thomas BrewesCj whose tomb is on the 
opposite side of the chnncel in Horsham rlmrt^h : and thuB 
the families of Braosc and of Hoo, united in life, are not in 
death or memorials parted. 

In 1427, a fine was levied by John Michelgrove and others, 
by which Roughey was settled on Thomas Hoo and his wife ; 
and in 1428, they had conveyed to them lands in Horsham 
and Itchingfield, on which Godfrey Bolleyn and Thomas 
Bolleyn, clerk, had levied a fine. 

In 144G and 1448, Thomas Hoo represented the county of 
Sussex in Parliament ; in 1454, he was one of the commis- 
sioners, together with Richard, abhot of Battle, and others, to 
repair the banks of PeveuseyMarsh^^; end on 14tb May 1455, 
immediately after his brother's death, he was appointed one of 
the seven comnuaaioners in Susses to raise money for the de- 
fence of Calais.^"^ 

Thomas Hoo showed as much devoted attachment to his 
sovereign and Queen Margaret as had been displayed by hia 
noble brother The rude, undisciplined, and plundering, yet 
bold and venturous, northern army, under the Earl of Northum- 
berland and Lord CUfFord, in company with Margaret and the 
prince, her sou, flushed by their receut success at Wakefield, 
advanced to the abbey and town of St. Albans, and on Shrove 
Tuesday, 17th Feb. 1461, attacked the forces of Wai'wick and 
Norfolk, who had brought the king with their army. The 
northerns at once forced their way to the Market Cross, and 
after a temporary repulse they rallied for a greater conflict in 
St. Peter*s-street, and then, having driven tiie southern men 
before them out of the town, they renewed the fierce conflict 
in the plain called Bamet Heath, Ihoroaghly repulsed the 
southerns, and, killing 2500, turned the flight of 20,000 men 
into a complete rout, till the pursuit was stopped only by the 
sudden darkness of night. The southern chiefs, who had been 
with the king (finding that he had no spirit, nor determina' 
tion, nor countenance, nor address, to put life and animation 
irto the people on hia side, but rather that his heart was on 
the other side, and leant towards the queen, his wife) " pro- 
viding prematurely for their own escape,'* withdrew them- 

^ Dugd.Emb„p. 101, 

"* Niitobi, Proo. of Prwj Ooundl, toI vi, p. 240- 



124 



FAMILY OF HOO. 



selves from their sovereign^ leaving him almost defenceless. 
When all this had happened, there went to the king, eajs 
tho chronicler, John de Whet ham stcde/"^ an esquire learned 
in the \mv, and sufficiently elo[|uent, "safh facrntJtts,'' cnlled 
Thomas Hoo byname. lie suggested to his royal lunater, 
that, considering the position in which he stood (how indeed 
he stood ahnost fllonCj witliout lenders, without commanders, 
without standard-bearers, or figliting men, and even with- 
out any other men-at-nrms adhering to his side sufficient for 
the safe custody of his person), he ahonid send some fit man 
to the army of the north, antl to the lords in command of it, 
to sig;nify to them, not only for the cauBes before mentioned, 
but also because he now knew better their good will towards 
hira, that he was wilhng to associate himself in one commou 
cause with tliem, and wasieady to come to them, and to remain 
with tlicni, as he had |)reviously remained under the control of 
the southern lords. The advice was adopted, Thomas IIoo 
himself vnia sent on the mission; and going to the Earl of 
Northumberland, to whom he was best known, and opening 
the royal pleasure to hnn, the tarl brought to him severnl other 
lords, who soon conducted the king himselflo the nearest tent, 
which was Lord Clifford s, and then, going out for the Queen 
and the Prince, ltd them both into the king's presence. Henry 
displayed unaffected joy at the meeting ; he embraced them in 
his arms, returning thanks to God for allowing his wife to 
escape all dangers and all enemies, and to have thus gained a 
happy triumph: and, the king having knighted the young 
prince, the royal party set out for the abbey of St. Albans, where 
the abbot and monks received them witli all honour, and led 
them amidst hymns and chants to the high altar, and the 
ehrinc containing the holy relics {/ereh'Uiu)^ and thence to 
their apartments. Lingard ihinke that if Henry coidd have 
advanced directly upon London, his throne might have been 
eaved. But he was powerless over the northern men. Not- 
witltstanding the king's proclaitjation, published at the instntice 
of the abbot, the northern lords were unable to restrain 
their border followers from repeating the rapine, plundering, 
Hnd excesses wliieh had ehanicterised their march this side of 
the Trent, and were ultimately obligcrl to withdraw again to 
K« WbMlMUu^ p. BOO. 



FAMILY OF BOO, 



126 



the nortli, wlicre the Inst throe days of March saw the arms 
of Edward cotnpletoly successful; and the battle of Towton 
deprived IIoo of further opportunity to serve Ht-nry. 

For some yeai-s Hoo seems to have retired from public life, 
but returned to it in 1472, when he represented Horsham. 

Eight years afterwnrds, he carried out the directions in his 
brother's will, in the arrangements with the abbot and convent 
of Battle; and accordingly, by deed of gift dated 21st Septem- 
ber 1480, he granted to Johu,abhot of the monastery of Battle, 
and the convent thereof, yearly rents of twenty marks, arising 
from lands, tenements, Sc, in the manor of Rowghey, in the 
parish of Horsham and Rowspar, and lands called Malcrbys, 
Ilurstlonds, Gevelotts, and Fosters^ in Rowspar, which manor 
was late Walter Urrey's, Esquire; from iand, messuages, &c.» 
ill Horsham; a messuage and ten acres called Edwardes', 
purchased of Thomas Ilortlo and Jehu Cloterwyn ; from lands 
called Miistots, purchased of William Cloterwyn ; from lands 
called Gawlron, purchased of John Gawtron ; from lands, &c., 
purchased of William Waller, Jamea Booewike, and John 
Migliell ; from land purchased of the fcoftees of John fiDeano ; 
from meadow'land, comprising seven acres, called Tm-nomes 
and Ayiewins, purchased of William Miller the dder, Hiid 
William Wiilkr the younger; from lands and tenements, ntar 
Rowghey, purclKised of the feoffoes and executors of the will 
nf Henry Botiler, that is to say, the meadow of ten acres called 
Klliotis, tw^;Ive acres called Cokhuntisgrove, lands, wood, &c. ; 
forty acres called Hothlanda; five acres called Scgrymcsi a mes- 
suage and garden, purchased of Robert Stanys ; ^^'' other mes- 
suages and gardens, called Old Clotorwyna, purchased of Thoa. 
IlorCle; lands purchased of William Lower, son of Walter 
Lower i lands and tenements, purchnsed of Alicia Reyner; 
lands, &c. called Langherat, purchased of George Brykisj six 
acres called Redynsmore and Brynchelersmede ; the lands and 
tenements called tlie Old Park and the Home Park; hnuls, 
tenements, and manors, purchased of John (Mowhrny) Duke of 
Norfolk, then held by fine in the Court of the King, comprising 
one hundi'ed acres called Goldstaple, eight acres called Alkes- 
^fclde, near Roughey ; and of the manors of Shapwic Kgle, 
on, and Wcstmarden, in Sussex; lands called Croftes- 

^non to whom ui innuiljwu given hj Loni IIdo'i vriLL S« ODt^i p. ISt. 



T88 



FAMILY OP KOO. 



lond in the pnrisli of Bosegrove ; lands called Wattislonds, in 
the parish of Farlegh, &c. : — for the maintaining of two monks 
within the monastery of Battle^ to celebrate at the obsequiea, 
and to all future times, in the church of tie said irionastory, 
to pray for the salvation of the soul of Sir Thomas Hoo, Knt,, 
late lord of Hoc, and of Ha'itiiigs, deceased; for the good 
state and tlie health of the souls of the donor, and of Alicia 
his wife ; and of the sonls of Walter Urrey, Esqnire, father of 
the said Alicia, and '' Willme/' mother of the said Alicia, then 
deceased ; as also of all parents, friends, benefactors, and km, 
of the said Thonma Hoo, Esquire, and Alicia his wife.^* 

The greatest portion of the property tlius settled had not 
belonged to Lord Hoo ; and from this circumstance, together 
with the long interval which had elapsed, it may be presumed 
that there had been much ti*ouble in obeying the pious inten- 
tion of the noble baron. 

On 22nd January 1481 {20 EdwardlV), Thomaslloo made 
a feofiment of all his share in the manor of Wartling, and of 
Frcnchcourt, Farlegh, Pytte, Hoseland, Stobeyncs, and Cates- 
feilde, in Sussex, and of all other his lands in the rapes of 
Hastings and Peveuscy, to Edward (Storey) Bishop of Chi- 
chester; John [Morton) Bishop of Ely; Thomas Arundel, Knt,, 
Lord Mautravera, Thomas Vaughau, Thomas St. Leger^ Knt., 
and several others ;^**^ to this feoffment is aflixed his seal. 




and from a pen-and-ink sketch in the MSS- of the College of 
Arms the accompanying facsimile is made. 

W8 BbU. Abk RertP^lp, i>. 123. 

'" M39. Coll. of Anns, Nich. Chnrlw, Unu- fd. 36. 



PAMILT OF IIOO. 



127 



The siipportera are two harpies. Tlie same s<?al, saya 
Le Neve, was nppciided to a testification made by Thomas 
Hoo of his pedigree from Sir Robert Hoo and Hawisc 
Fitzwaiyn. 

Thc family temp. Rich, II (1379) were lords of the manor 
and patrons of the church of Ockley in Surrey,**" which in the 
time of Edward I had belonged to Nicholas de Malmnynes ■, 
and in 14fe0, these were held hy Thomas lloo.'^* On lOtliFcb. 
1483, ho was also found to be surviving trustee of Sir Heniy 
Percy.^^ He was of sufficient eminence to be in all the com- 
missions of the peace, and of Oyer and Terminer, issued for 
Sussex by Richard III, by whom be was also made one of the 
commissioners of array in this county for the defence of the 
kmgdom " against the rebels," and of the sea-coast agamst 
anticipated foreign invasions.**' He died, without leaving any 
issue, on 8th October 14S6 ;*** and by the inquisitions taken 
in November following at Hertford, and at Dunstable for 
the county of Beds, it was found that on his death his cousin. 
Sir William Bulleyn, then of the Hge of 36 years, had entered 
upon the manors of Offlcy, Cokeni-hoo, and Hoo, in Luton, 
under the feoffment of lOth December 1473 ; and the Bed. 
fordshire jury find that his coheirs were — 

1. His cousin, Elizabeth Lewk>ob, the wife of Richard 
Lewknor, daughter of MAaoARET St. Clcre, sister of Thomas 
Hoo, Knt., father of the said Thomas Hoo, then aged 50 years 
and upwards. 

2. William Gace, aged 40, son of Alianor, another 
daughter of the said Margaret St. Clere; and 

3. Miles HARcornr, age IS years, son of Edith, the wife 
of Richard Harcourt, another daughter of the said Margaret.^^^ 

From the Sussex inrjuisition, taken at Lindfield, on the 
28th October 1487, Thomas Hoo seems to have been a trouble- 
some friend of the Browns: for John Brown, Htmy Ashbourne, 



'™ Hftnniag and Brmj, toI, ii, p- 1G6-6, 
"1 Cnl. Inq. p,m-, p. 47B. 
"J Mmining nnd Bniy^ toL iii, p. 118> 
LiJ 9th Rt|>E:rrt at Keeper of Rccunb, 
pp, 17, Ac. 'ki and KH. 

'" Writ* ibr Liii^ui«iL!Hjiiri wiTi" soiit inLr 

2Hea.VLI; audit jfillierafu^t^-iduut that 



tKe date ofthedmth inlheSiiBWi Gndinff, 
2Sd Not., ia au iTror-, as is nleo \h.e fina- 
ins tlul Sir WilUun BuUcjn was hia 
htiir ; thai findiag, iBdefd, ia vrrillm an 
&n enuure. 

'^ Thin Kfargan^t ia iiuL uuliDdd iii niij 
of the nrirtfld i>bdigr«« of fi<w» uor are 
bvr cliudrai. 



128 



FAMILY OP HOO- 



and others, being feoffees to the use of George Brown 
Eliznbeth bis wife, of Shapwick-Eagle, Coiuptoii, bolden of Lbe 
Earl of Aruudel, and West Mardcn (all of which had been 
included by Tbonias Hoo in his graut to Battle Abbey), and 
of the park of Fitticworth in Susse?;, had been dissdacd by 
Thomas Hoo: George Brown havi.ig died, Ids widow bad re- 
entered a portion of the estates ; but ihc Bi-owns had been 
effectually disseizGd of Grovelcscient, otherwise Wynd, in 
Hastings, and thirty messuages in Winchelsea, Pett, and Rye^ 
by Tliomaa Hoo. 

It ia stated by PhQpot that a William Hoo, Esq., died 
2 Sept. 14(i5, and had i\ slab under the communion table in 
llorshaui Chiirch, with the amis uf IIuo hnpfdiiffj a fesse. He 
may have been a son of Thomas, dying in bis fntlicr'e bfe- 
timci although I have found no evidence to identify him. 

With 'J^homos Hoo thcrtiforc expired the last of the nude 
line of the IIoo family in Sussex. 

The title of Lord Hastings, which had bceu borne by the 
IIoos, was conferred by Edward IV as one of his first acta 
after he had assumed the Ihrone in 1 1-61, upon his Chamber- 
lain, William Hastings, who, as we have seen, immcthately 
piirchnsed of the former Lord Hastings* feoffees the castle and 
rape from which his title was derived. ^ 

The male lines of the Boleyns, the Copleys, the Carews 
(the name has been assumed by the Throguiortons), and the 
Devenishes, who married the four daughters and cohebesses 
of Lord Hoo, have also become extinct. ^ 

The chief seat of the Hoos was in the parish of Paurs 
Waldcn, Herts : of their residence close by Wartling Wood, 
in Sussex, I can trace no remains. 



i 



The tomb, which is engraved from a drawing made in 1781, 
by Grimm, for Sir William Burrell, is sitnated on tlie south 
side of the Roughey chantry, which it separates from the 
chancel. It is an altar tomb of Purbeck trarble ; the slab at 
the top is plaiu, and has never had Guy inscription or brass j 
a brass inscription ran round the edge and within spcndles, 
similar to those in the seal of Sir William ; on each side of the 
base of the tomb were brass shields of arms ; hut the escutchco; 




128 



PAMILT OT BOO. 



and others, being feoffees to the use of Gecrge lire 
" llfcMiffl nf Slinmrirl' FnrV rnmn*^«>-^«M| 



m 



Um 



rui 



'*'' 



tAUILY OF HOO. 



129 



and inscriptiona had been tjiken awny before the visitation of 
Philpol and Owen in 1G34. The testeru is groined, and is 
supported by four marble pillars ; at each comer of the cornice 
on the eastern end is a lion's head : they seem to be origiuals, 
and are still in good preservation. The other portions of the 
cornice arc dclmaed Gothic, very rudely carved. In the centre 
on the south aide is a boss with the figure of a woman playing 
on the virginals. 




In other bosses are oak-leaves in a circle, with acorns at the 
four corners; three lilies, emblematical of the Annunciation, 
or three poppies, emblematical of Death ; at the west end arc 
the figures of men holding acroUs ; all of these appear to be 
of later date than the main part of the tomb — as late indeed 
as the time of Elizabeth, apparently confirming the tradition 
that the tomb of her relative was repaired by tae order of the 
qaeen after one of her Sussex journeys. 

These monuments are strong illustrations of the truth of 
quaint Sir Thomas Rm^^nes words, that *' Gravestones tell 
truth scarce 40 years ; gpnerntions pass whilst some trees 
stand; and old families last not three oaks/' The Braose 
and the Hoo are gone, and, in the words of our last and 
greatest Sussex poet, — 

"Obliviou will steal silently 
The remnant of their ftuDc." 

viu. 17 



130 



FAMILY Of HOO. 



a 



11-- 



" i ^ 



11! 









I 






[\~ 



&4 
lii 






II- — 



1^ 




PAMTl-Y OP HOO. 



131 




^n3 

o a » 

^ ,H ■-< B -] ,w 

-^ «,3 SI 



:s 



fc5s| 



bo 
□3 



1^" H 2 -^ rH 












ifi.^: 



s-§i 
















1^ ^ss 









, «- 




EC 3 » 



EXTRACTS FROM THE STEYNING 
CIIURCH-BOOK. 

DT THE REV. THOMAS MEDL-VND. 



ftJC^D At BOBflHAM, JFLT 12, 1855> 



I 



The following extracts are made from an old boolc which 
is kept in tho clinrch clicst at Stoyiiing, mid is still in use for 
entering the, jearly acr:oiinta of tlic churchwardens, and any 
other important matters connected with the chnrch. Some 
extracts from the parish records, relating to the demolition of 
the church, have been givea in a former vohinie (V. p. 121), 
and it baa hecu thouglit that additional extracts might now 
prove iuterestiiig, as they refer to some obsolete customs of 
the olden timc. 

The first entry, which is still legible, is the following, and 
it stands on a page by itself : — 
"tbb rentall of lands pertetnyng to the CBUaCH. 

"R^ of thomaa benett of cliaiicton for a gate place 
It. for the lampe huida ^ . , . 

It. of Mr. Sherley for ii shoppes 
It, of thomas parson's shoppc 
It- of ii shoppes in the hands of peter peto 
It. of John Lock's hous 
It, of Peter Farnfold for iiii acres of pastiir 
ground, and ii acres of arable gronnd^ 
It, of my lady of Sion ^ ... 

It. of Wylem Pellett for a shoppe , 



9 


a. 
iiii 


VI 


vni 




Vlll 




VI 


111 


nil 


11 




viii 
xiti 


iv 




VI 



' These landj were in Ihe psriali of 
West Orinstcad, nnd it ia probable (Lnt 
tbr vnxi. li^Lts nflrrwards uflnii-'<i ware 
DFDvidcd, in purl at li-aat. from \hia zvtiUil- 
Ttiej arv aun aLianalcJ fn?m the puridli, 
B> am nl! the sh^jpe OJtd hoiisfla h«« dhu- 

' Ttu> tiknd «1iQ belongs to \hc paruJi, 



and the pasture land U let for mors than 
£* per Jtcm. During tho time of tho 
|^n:al R^'birlliuii it Ana ap^iropriaU.'O by una 
of l\w Fflnkfold familv ; bi^t h oommUaion 
WM i*sa«3 from llie Court of CbnnL«ry, 
ID tha nagn of CLuries 11, wluch obliged 
him lo n«tore it. 
■ After tba Buppreaflion of the aUoa 



EXTRACTS PROM STETNINQ CHURCH BOOK. 



133 



After this there commences the regular entry of the church 
aceoiiTits; but the entries are comparatively of little interest 
after the reigns of Heiirj VIII and Edward VI, except that in 
the time of Charles I, there is entered at full length, " The 
solemn League aiid Covenant/' to which are affixed the names 
of seventy-eight of the inhabitants, and the marks of sixty 
others. This appears a large number of male adults for a 
place like Steyning, but it is impossible now to ascertain what 
proportion it bore to the whole population. 

"COMPUTUS BCOLMIE DE StErNTNQ. 

** A.D. 1B19. The accomptc of Jamys Pellett and Willyam 
Parson, late wardens of the churche of Stenyng, made the yerc 
of our Lorde m.iiiii. six., the xiii day of the monethe of may 
byfore the cuiett and the churchwardens then beyng, and all 
things accomptyd and allowyd, ther reniaynythe clerely to the 
sayd churche xxv5. vit/.,and soo the saydeJamys and Willyam 
to be clerely dischargyd and acquitt. 

"The same day and yere come Rychard Pellett and Willyam 
Gardener, hit wardens of the kyng play,'' and in lyk manner 
made ther accompt for the time of U yere, and all thynga ac- 



prioricflf tliQ brgo property &I Steyning, 
vvbicU had belonged totlinNonuQU Abbey 
of FeC(Linp» WBi gTunlpd to Itii* fthbo^ of 
SioD, and the amount huTV tital^d appears 
to hAT(? bt^Ti tho jnrl^ aiunpuLd by thu 
abbi«a (ovffirdfl Lho support of thei^hurch. 
• Tlii§ '^kyiig-plBy*' appears to bsFo 
belungoil to tlie popidar sporta of III* 
time, and to havi* beon conducted by 
fomo Ifader appgiutod for tbir oooDftioti^ 
uid botLDurtd for tb*^ nonce wil^ tin? litlo 
of king. Thtro werp, for inatance, tbe 
King of MaF| tbe King of ilia Benn, tho 
Lofd of Murule, kc. There ntre %[§o 
till? three Kiuifs of Cologne, by whiah titlo 
wertr doeigniited the three ni*o men, or 

tnngi, whom iho fHipiTatitiiiiit n?Ti-n*O0© 
of the Tixidiili! a^ had proamtotl to thia 
rank. Thu BubJLVl is treated ijf hi Sir II. 
Ellifl'e edition of Brand's Popular Anti- 
quities (London, 1SI3, pp. 212, 213), and 
OXtncU BTU given from iho ^huiYrhvrar- 
df'm' BCOOuntBof KinsiIon-upon'Thnmtv. 
TIk' cotts of till? kynghnoi (orkyug-gunn^) 
and Rubin ^odv ak givt'n in on« entry 
(2+ Htfinry VIH, Itiu* flhowinfj a connee- 
tion between Cbo two. In Cuatea'a Hia- 
torj orRudtng (1802, 4to) we £nd also 



the following iioliuea in cburclinordmB' 
acL^UQtit in dJuatratioii of thjfl aubjeet : — 

*'p. 214, St. Ijiwruiirt pu-i*h^ 
1499. It. recf^ of the gaderyog of Robyn 
Hod, iU», 
It. rpc^oflhflgndeTTngoftheftrago 

ptsy, iTii*. 
It, pfly" Tor horwmete iu the horsya 
for tlip KyngB of CoIcd ou May- 
day ^ vii d. 
p, 37a, 8t. Gil«> parisli. 
1535, Of tUekyne-pky aX Whitrantide, 

Tl would njijHiop tliiit thifl kyng-play 
wikA got up nt coiisidtrablfl e]ipvnpp:, and 
tho profile dmted from ii pnid by war- 
doTifl Bppoinf«id forlhiB piirpoio luto tho 
trewury of tho ebureh. 

Nareo'e OloH^nry reprcscnta thp king- 
oaniD BB eihibitjii^ (bo pogntnt of IIlh 
Thrse longft of CoJogue. 

Similar g&mtffl wnro nlso ciltibitfld la 
njonattmes. Jo the accouula of tha 
priory of FineTiall, county of JJurbttin, ap- 
p<?ftrF. inll&S, ihiH mtij, '*ui ludin Domini 
Pricrjfl HIT*, riiirf." Again^ in 1489, 
"iui iurlia domini rnotia luiia," — Dr, 
Raino'a od., p. ooii. 



134 



EXTEACTS PHOM 8TEYNING CHURCH BOOK, 



coniptjd and allowyd, thcr reraayuythe clerely to the sayd 
churche iii/t. vik iiiirf., and so the said Ricbaid and M^illyam 
to be cicrcly cUscIiargyd and acquitt, 

**Tlie sauic day and ycre came thomas Gooffe and Wyllyam 
patcbyng, waidcns of tbe lygt* of the salulacyon of our lady, 
and have delyveryd unto y* churche boxe clerely, thcr lygt 
dyschargyd, iis." 

'* A.D. 1520. The syxt day of the raonethe of february the 
yere of our Lord m.iiiii.xx'' came John toruar, aod delyvered 
of snche uiony a^^ h^ hod in hys haudvs of the chnrche of 
Stenyng x\s,, and so the sayd Johu torner to be clerely dya- 
cbargyd- 

"Tbc same day and ycre cnnie Anne heneft, the lone^ of 
robcrtt bcnott, and delyvrjd of suche nioiiy as she liadd yu 
hyr handys of the sayd chvu'che iiii*., and so the sayd Anne 
benett to hp clerely dysrliargyd. 

"Tlie same diiy and ycit came John Spensnr glover, and 
delyvryd soche inony as he hadd yn hys handys of sent 
crystofcr's lygt — xxiis. iii</., ard so tbe siiyd John Spcnsar to 
be clerely dischargyd. 

" The same day and ycre came Janiis Pdlett and John Goff, 
and di'lyvryd tbe inony of ibe kyng ale' in to the churche 
box, xxxiiily. yu/., aud so tbe said jamis and juhu to be clerely 
dischargyd-*' 



* lliu light of tlit^ 8»lulBtif>n of our 
Lady, and uRervtO'ilA tlu' hfi^hU of Ht, 
ChrialopUcr and St- Pi'lor, *ppflu»" roliira 
been vfnx IjXjWrp, uruvideJ ritbin' from ihe 
pUurch fund*, or fmni loine jnous beqiiral 
or ftubKi?ripE.ion, and li^lilotl brfoiv llio 
altan of the Virgin and the reapcftjvo 
tainta, cilhcr on Uieir jjarlioulnr frHsl-clnya 
or fj^ru grettcr length of time. It nnuld 
apjwir noweViT, froui its bt'iug tonmil 
tlio 'Mi^Ut uf t^o 3 nl 111 fit ion," iUdL fhin 
pdTlitfuUr light waa kpjit Imniuig uulj on 
Ihtf diij Bot Ppart Tor Ihia fc^Uval ; and 
l^iiM wm nrubofilj ihu caec alaa vtltii iha 
lighlB of tlie Sftinls. TUowc li^hta appoar 
lo linvi? boeD |^Ulm.hI utidtT llie chargv of 
WBrdcna appQinlE'-ci ftjr thts piirpose, wlio 
tVcoiYPd dip ofltHut'ii iniicii", und nflcr- 
WATdi paid Elie nin':fUbt xiiio llu^ church 
boi. in ihi' t^hiLri'llwnrtloD^' n^^'nuiilv of 
l)ii.' pariBli of Confold, b^v iJu' Vi'iKirublo 
ArchdrMOnOtlf r{ fSunexArck. CollfcUona, 
Yof II, p. !11T). urp t-ntrii^ ttf oow# tiL^- 
luQ^g lu thai pnr-jflh, to «U]iplj tajH-^n 



ID honour of St. CftlheHne, St. Anlliotjy, 
and our Lndj; and (here nrt- varioua cn- 
tricis (tf nioa^T paid for nai to lotdhtf rur-li 

" Widaw ; or it mnj refer to monpy 
bn^iitathed (up & ** loan." Sai kq enlr^ in 
i.V. 15'IC, fttp. 13G. 

' Thi' kiiig-iile doofi nut appear to have 
bwn comieeled with thoking-ptiif, but lo 
Ijato been ale brew«l for the feia( of 
l-lie I^p^phnnV- We «v« aftoriviiTilB fuur 
lyrehea mirouiilnl for by tlie wardens of 
th<* king-A^e, on nie evo of tlie Epiphany, 
-Khk^h wiTC prutablj bought fpr t hi: due 
o^lubratioD of the fpost. Tuoyoun^ mm 
ofthp pariah were **jfiftrtj cbojwu bj (hpir 
Inflt ton^go«pp to bi< nardtnfl, whu, dmdmg 
tlic lufk, inalkU collerliopi amon^ the |ja' 
riaUioncr* of wholewver proviwou it 
pLoaflt'lh thpni voluntunly lo heitoH," — 
Caivy'a Sut-vey <.f CurHO-ttti^ p. Ca, in 

Thu r.>Uo«iii^ qfilii-ti^il iitnct fmm 

■n oLI auiliur of t1iL' time of £LijEabt?th, 



EXTRACTS PROM SPETNING CHURCH BOOK, 



135 



" A,D. 1521. The yere of our lorde m.iuii.xxi^' tie xi'^ day 
of fi^bruary cauie id John Gftloshcr and Robcilt butt, wardens 
of the lyght of Sent Peter, and made ther accouipt of the sejd 
lygt and aU thyngs accomtyd and alowyd ther remaynyth 
clerely in the hoiidys of the seyd John and robert \wr. viiirf. 

"The same day and yere came yn Roger biirdfold, John 
bode the yon', and wyllyara pike, wardens of the kyng ale, 
and liave delyvryd ynto the churche boxe all things ac- 
coniptyd and allowyd clerely xxxiitiiA. xrf., and so the seyd 
rog', John, and wyllyni to be clerely dyschargyd for the fyrst 
yere, the w^ inony was delyvryd unto the brethren warduns, 
tha beyng wyllyam pellett and John godirey/' 

" A,D» 1522p The v day nf January the yere of our Lord 
m.iiiii.xxii. came John bode the yong" and wyllyam pike 
wardens of the kyng ale, and have made accompt for iiii 
torches bogt with the mony savyd the second yere to y" sum 
of xixn*., and so the seyd John and wyllyam to be clerely dis- 
chargyd for the second yere." 

" A,D. 1541. The vi daye of Jannari in the xxxii yere off 
the rayne of kyng henry tlie viii, cfluie John Hylton and John 
turner, wardens off the chiu'che of Stenyug, and hathe made 
ther accomptes, and so the aayd wardens be clerely dischargyd. 

*'The same daye and yere came Ryc^. farnfold the yonger 
and pnyd to the churche wardens for iili acres off lond lyyug 
upon the howe iv^. v\\id., and for ii acres lyyng in pcrate's 
forlong ii*. iiiirf." 

"A.u. 1545. Memorandum. Tlic v'^ day of Apryll in the 
xxxvi'^ yere of tht: rayue of uui" Soverayue Lord Henry the 



quoted ITI Strutt'^ Sports and Ptixfiff^eK 
of ihe- Prvfth of Eaglirtd (410 atiitiou, 
IBlOa P- 3^)i ^il^ fijilain lor whnt piir- 
poM th& ftlj^ v*a6 bfi'Witi : — 

^* In CPTIJUD ttiwnea where ilruDknn 
BarohiH bfAra hvuf, Hgainat ClinBtDiaai 
ftnd EDatcr^ Whitmnday, or (kjidc other 
\\ros^ (he churchwu-dcHA, for io Y\\€j call 
tb(?]n» of C7<*i7 parUb. iviih ilie consent of 
Uio whule pariah, providu lidf a siM>rg or 
tvri.'nr'ia qimrtim of luziult^ nlufrvof »i}uil' 

they buj of Vtiv eburclio aiookii, nnd »ome 
ii giren to them of thu pttnabianen tbeiD- 
hItoqj OTory oiio oonforring eoTnawhitt, 
aooordmg lo lua abibty, which maiQl 
being miidc into very etniiig ale or becTi 



is Sit to sale dtLc^r in tbo Dliureb or in 
»orud oLber placd a^iit^iL-d Itj Uiit pur- 
pfiBU. Tbet^p \«'b(-i] tbi» luppitation, tbia 
nuflbcappo, na thcj call It. tbia Doolae of 
lift', i« ti\ abrojich, n't*!! Is he \.\\ai con ^ 
the noonoat 1o it, biieJ sponllB Lbu iDa«t at 
itj for be is counted the godlicat luui of 
nil the rest, and moat in God'a favour, 
bccfluio it iif appnt upon tho cburoli for 
Booth- If oik hv Irue, nbiek IbryMk_v,tbi<y 
bcatun ihnl uiuur^ which in uub Lb-Tebj 

fordie rcpain* of their ebureht-i uidc'liap- 
peU^ they buy bookra for tho scrvio^ 
cuppa foiT ibis oolcbmtion of tbc odctb- 
mcitti surplosa^ far Sir Jobi], and Bueh 
other uoCijHsariL'e," &X. 



ise 



EXTRACTB FROM STErNING CHCRCH BOOK, 



Eigbte, by the grace of God of Englonde, ffrauiice, and of 
Irelftncle Kjiig, Deffcndcr of tbe ff&ithe, and in rigbte supremo 
hedde of the Chiirchc of Englonde and Trelonde, came Thomas 
Parson andTliomasGoff, wardens of the Churchc of Steiiyng, 
and hath made tlieir accompts, and so the saide wardens hath 
brought clcTely into the churche boxe savyd by tlie churche 
ale* xxxs. id., and so the saide wardens be clerely dischargyd 
from all reckonynge, and so remainyth at this day \mli. iiij*. ijd. 
whereof deUveryd the same daye to James Pellett and Edwarde 
Parson, churchwardens, xw'w. \md. 

"It. Tbe saide James Pellett owytb to the Chnrche vii 
bushclles of lyme, and Wyllyam Pellett tbe yonger owyth a 
carten of bors'ham atone/' 

"a.d- 1546. M^. The xii daye of Januarii in the xxxvil"' 
ycrc of the raync of Sovcrayne lord kyng Henri the viii"^, by 
the grace of God of yngland, fransc, andYerland, defender of 
the faythe and of the churobe of ynglaiid and also Yerland, 
Buprcm hede, came James Pellett and EdwEird Parson, wardens 
of the churche of Stenyng, and hathe made tber accompta, and 
so tbe said wardens hathe brotbe clerely in to the cburche 
boxe savyd by the churcbe ale xxix*. vrf,, and so the sayd 
wardens be clerely dyschargyd for all reVynynge, and so tber 
remaynyth at thys daye y'uli^ xs. id. in the chnrche boxe- 

" M^ Matthew Curtmell owyth for wylliam gravisend 
buryyng for y' churche vift.wiud.; also y' vicar owyth xxxviw. 

" M*^. Ye same daye and yere canje John Beniict, and pajd 
to the churcbwardcns for bis father's bequcthe iij^. viijrf/ 

" A.D. 1547, M'^. the xv^^ day of Apryll in the ffyrst yere of 
the raignc of ourSovcrayn Lord Kynge Edward tbe VI, came 
Thomas Holland and Jamea Porya, wardens of the cburche of 
Stcnyng for the yere past, and so tbe said wardens brought 
clerely in to the churche boxe for tbe churche ale kx\\s. mc/.oq, 
and so tber remaynetli at this daye in tbe churche bose 
lij». viiirf. oy, and so the said wardens be dischargyd. 



■ We maj here traw tlu' frridusl rro- 
grp4« of tliQ R^'fiiirniDtion. TliP king-nln lA 

now termed tiic ollan:l^a]f^ Bud the cm- 
tom sonoB to hsva bom ehonly diai^oiL- 
tincud ■ltoe«ther. It was, in fa^-l, abao- 
lutelj forbidden in 1603, together irilh 
other pro fail e aud DUiivrBtiliouB pracLiuw, 
bj the 88th Canon :— 



"The chnroh warden a orqufstmen^ md 

thainuiiii^tAntSf ihnti niiflpr no p]aTn,rpatlBp 
banquete, Ruppera, chirch-file», drinldDgi, 
lompornl cs>urtH or Iwt?, iHj'jurieaj or or\j 
ether profane n^^J^g^. (o he \p.pt in the 
church, chnpol, or churcbjard," Ac &c. 



EXTKACT3 FROM STEYNINO CHDRCR BOOK, 



137 



" M*» that John Gravesdon owetli to the churche boxe that 
he receveyd to by a iiewe cross. Ss.^ 

" M^ that Matthewe Curtmyll owethe to the churche for 
the burying of Wvlliiiiu Graviscnd, vi^. viiif/. 

" M ^ that John Waidyn luid Jane hya wyff hathe gyvcn and 
(lely veryd unto the wardeus aforesaid to the use of the churche 
all particulars as hereafter followeth : — 
Inipniiiis a cbrisiuatory.^** 
It. ill alter clothes of drap." 
It. a howselyiig towell of drap.^^ 
It. ii gret caiidclstyks aud u small of Latyn. 
It, xiii wypyiig napkynB. 
" It. a Brj'depaist, which is iu the custody of her Brother 
Rychard Ffariiffold, to the intent tliat the said Richard flbld 
hath of them that boroweth it for the reparaciona of the 
chuichc, viiif/., ^ad hi! to accompt yerely at the churche 
rcckeuyng. 

" M^. the same yere John Marnctt of Loudon gave the same 
ycrc ii desk clothes for the chaccelL 

" It. Sir'^ Owen, Chaimtry prcat, hathe gyven to the churche 
the same yere a stole." 

With respect to the '' Bryde-paist " mentioued above, some 



• Hare again wo luav observe the pro- 
grets ef the rtTormt^d liodrme? and proo- 

tiDoft. TliL^ arDBB thaC wAd to Hatd been 
purdioaed id no lone'er ni-eUcd. 

'° Chrjffniilory. '*A Tcesd «hi-re Ihe 
DliFibiu IB Jit-p1/^ Biullia. The du-iBiQ wu 
ft miiturc of oil and baUant, conteorated 
by the biebop on Eutfir ere, for the 
entuing jenr, nnd und ftt bipLiim, con- 
firmnlLont eitremo unctioiii &g. 

" Drop. "aolh,wooll™cloUi,"BaLllip, 
^ The " howflf^ljin^ tovcU^' wbs used 
for poperiug the ooEiflwrftlni elemerits, 
oallod tho *'touiwl." Thui, m ElMc'n 
HomiljF for Eaater Suriday, it ia said, 
"lli§ ptt'i) Bpiritual bodj, which wp call 

til* hiJHxel, u gHthoivd of lusiif oorni, 

vitbout blood and bone:, without timb," 
Ab. Dedo, Hiflt. &cc\. notu Whoelocj, 
p. 402, 

So communlcanta wont callofi hewtP- 
Ungaytopte. ThuH, in the Certili{.^to of 
Surrey ofBt Boryan. in Cornwall, £ Ed- 
word \\ (AugmoDtArJoii Office), tJiere i* 
b mDinorandum '^thot tlip« U niiJ^i- "^ 

saidc pariflLie churche oihtnoHUx 
VIIU 



the n ombre of li hundred/' Mi»aiiicon 

DiaeesU ExijitettrU, bj G. Oliver, D.D^, 

p. 13, Exctor, 1846, foLio. 

" Thufl wofl I, Ble<?ping, bj a bcother'ii bftild, 
or Life, of croffHj of queen at ouee des' 

pHtcli'd : 
Cut offevtm in the bloBBOiOB of my sin, 
t/nhottserdt dlfappointpd, unanel'd/' 

In Lehnd's CoUectan^a, toL Ii, is a 
pnper, bj J, Lcwia, nuniflter, of Margate, 
on rhe djSer«nt artictoa of furniture in thu 
Roman Calholic cljurcheH, and among 
thDta aro ciiumcmti:<l, ** 2. ToTrpb, calli^d 

houeling towels. Of theae there vrero 
thrve. Thua the rubrio upon the mafta- 
b<x>k ftppoinldj ' Hoe a]t«iv Dporiatur 

1ribu0 mappia ecu toualeia mundts,' vix. 
the upper one oblong, and rcaehing to 
tboeround i thoothprtwo shoHoT, ot onu 
of them doubted, tbcee were all to bo 
blesacEl bj thii bifihofj or bjr vmw ona 
who had powur to do so." 

" An ijj»t«n?e of ihc title " Sir," giT*ii 

»r* iliQ pricaJa, oa "6ir Hugh,*" in tho 

Wii^ei of Wijidjor. 

18 



1S8 



EXTKACT3 FROM STETNING CUURCH BOOK. 



observations may be required in explanatioTi. — Dr, Rock, in 
Lis Church of our Fathers^ vol, iii, p. 2, 174, on the Bridal 
Mass, quotes the following : — '* Thre oroements longe prin- 
cipslly to a wyfc — a rynge on her finger, a broche ou her 
breste, aud a garlonde on Ucr hede : tLt; garloiide betokenethe 
gladjiesse and tlio dignitie of the sacrameut of wtdloke- ' 
Thua Chaucer describes Grisilde when adomed as a bride — 

" A ooromiG oa liire bed lliey have ydrcsaed, 
And BoLtc biro full of noucbca grct and BmaL^'' 

Clarke^ Tate, v. 82S7- 

It was in pursuance of this ancient custom that parishes at 
this period kept ornaments for a bride, to be let out at wed- 
dings j but the word " bryde-paist" is not often to be met 
with, and the custom doca not appear to have continued long. 
In the roll of expenses on the marriage of Sir Gcr\'a8 Clifton 
of Clifton, Notts, in 1 530 {printed at the end of the Forme of 
Giryy p. 166), the bride was provided with ''black velvet 
bonnits, every bonnit 17*-, and three boxes to carry them in, 
and fhrev pasts Qf/.'* In Coates' History of Beodinff, p. 225, 
in the churchwardens' accounts of the parish of St. Lawrence 
in 1561. an entry occurs: — ^*^ Tiryde Post. Item, received of 
John Ratlleye vi?. viii^/' In the inventory of the church pro- 
perty of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in 1540, occurs, "Paid 
to a goldsmith's wife of London for a cerclett to marry maydena 
in, iii/y. \8. " and in 1564, *' Cerclet for brydca. Item, one 
paai for brydes set with perle and stone.'' (Sec Brand's 
Popular Avfiq.) In Machyn's IHnry (published by the Caradeu 
Society), p. 240, it is recorded, " 1560, the 13 day of Jul); 
was mared in Sant Mary Wolmar's in Lumbard Street, iii 
dowthers of Master Atkynson the skrevener in ther here and 
goodly pastes with chaiues and perle and stones ;" and in the 
Glossarial Index, p. 463 of the same volume, is a quotation 
from Palsgrave's Be/at rcissement de la Langnt Francaise 
(1530), ''PGfite for a lady or woman^ unes paces/' AVith the 
same meaning, Richelel's Dkiimmry (1759) gives "Passe 
(cincinnus) teruie de faiseuse de bonnets — c'est im devant de 
bonuft de fcmme/' 

The term "paste " has been overlooked by glossarists, but 
it seems to have an affinity with " passeracnt," lace, and to be 
derived, like it, fmui "passer, to draw or stiaiu through," 



EXTBACTB FROM STETNINO CHUftCH BOOK. 



139 



deacriptive of the process of makiog the thin plates or threads 
of gold or other metal necessary for lace or tinsel. Em- 
broidcrcra to this day use tho tcrma " plato/' "pearl/' and 
*' passings/' for tlieir materials. SirThomaaMore, m his S't/jj- 

flicacion of Sorci^Btiaiide ^nnol&iQ (p. 288 of his works, folio, 
1557), mentions "^aste^" among other ornaments of female 
attire : — *' With gay gownys and gay kyrtolsj and niuch waste 
in apparel], rynges and owchis, with partelettes and pastis 
garnished with perle." 

To check this '* waste in apparell'* a remarkable sumptuary 
law was passed by Parliament in 1541-2 (stat. 33 Hen.VlII, 
c. 5)» professing in its preamble to be *' for the brede and 
encrease of horses for the defence of this realme," and enact- 
ing that a certain number of horses, " three years old and in 
Leyght 14 Landfalls," should be compulsorily kept by various 
persons according to their rank and means. Au archbishop 
or duke was to keep seven, and other peers and bishops in pro- 
portion. After which occurs this clause : " And all and every 
person temporall not afore meucyoned, whos wiff shall ware 
any goun of sylke, or whos wiiJ' shall ware any TVenche bood 
or bonnet of velvet with any habiliment, 7^^^/, or egg of gold, 
pcric, or stone, or any chayne of gold about thcr nckks or in 
ther partletts, or in any apparell of ther bodie, shall after the 
Feast of St. Michael, 1555, have, fyndc, kepe, susteyne, and 
maynteyne, one trotting horse for the saddle upon pain of 
£10 forfeit." The result of this law would therefore be, that 
if a lady were fortunate enough to have a "past " to wear, 
her husband was compelled to keep a riding-horse for her. 

A striking instance of a "pasU' " being worn by ladies of 
high degree, as well as by brides in country parishes^ may be 
seen in the account of Lady Jane Grey's execution (CAronide 
0/ Qticcji Jc/ie, edited by J. G. Nichols, Esq., for the Camden 
Society, p. 58) ; — " Then she stode up and gave niiatrlsTylncy 
her gloves and Imndkcrcher, and her hook to maistcr Bruges, 
tho Lyvctcnantc's brother; forthwith she untycd her gown. 
The hangman went to her to help her of therewith \ then she 
desyred him to let her alone, turning towardea her two gen- 
tlewomen, who helped her off therwith, and also with her 

Jroae jjaafif and neckercher, giving to her a fayre handkercber 
to knytte about her eyes/' 

Sir Harris Nicolas, in a note on this passage (p, xci), is 



140 



EXTRACTS rnOM STETNING CHtTRCB BOOK. 



iDclined to interpret "frose paast" as "fronts-piece;*' and 
Mr. Nichols, finding the words altered by Foxe {Acta and 
Monuments) into " frowes past," considers them to mean 
" a matronly head-dress." An oruameiit however of frosted 
silver or tinsel may not improbably be intruded, "frose" being 
naed in the sense of what is now termed "frosted." 

"ad. 1548. M''. The xiii daye of Febniarii in the second 
yere of the rajTie of our Sovrane Lord Kyng Edward the VI, 
came Rich^. Famfold and WylU'° Pellet the ch^ wardens of 
the churche of Stenyng for the yere paat, and so the said 
wardens broghte clcrely to the churche boxc for the chnrche 
ale xxvi*., and so ther remaynelh in the churche boxe at this 
daye £vi. vs. viiirf., and so the sayd wardens be clerely 
dyschargyd. 

"M^That Rychard Famfold broght to the churche box, 
and payd for the bryd past the same yere \s. v\]d'' 

*' AD. 1540. On the vi^"" day of Marche in thethyrdeyerfi of 
Ihe raigne of our Sovrayne Lord Kyuge Edward the VI"*, came 
Thomas Booker, one of the churchwardens of Stenyng for the 
yere past, and brought clerely to the churclie boxe for the 
churche ale xxj?., and so ther remaynith in the churche boxc 
at this day vi angells of golde, and in silver xxviii^. ivrf., and 
so the said wardens be discharged." 

"May 1, 1553. Tlie same day and ycrc came the sayd 
Rychard Famfold, and brought in for the brydc past xii^.'* 

On a sheet in the middle of the book, which has been 
bound up out of its proper place, is an account of the letting 
of the churche lauds by feoffees on the lOth September, in 
the 30th year of Henry VIU (A.D. 1538); but the only entry 
which has in it anything peculiar is the following : — 

"Also the same daye and yearc before written the said 
feoffees have granted to Mr, Richard Famfold of Gatewycke 
two crofts, called George's Crofts, for the space and time of 
viii yearcs, conditionally that he should kepe yearly from Maii 
day till Michaelmus day xii kine for the poore occupiers of 
Stenyng, they payiuge to him yXid, a peace every yearu fwr 
every cowc. And the saide Richard coveiiantyth to breake 
up all the saydo ficorgc's Crofts withyn the space of the saydo 
eightc yerea." 



NOTICES OF THE ABBEY OP EODERTSDRmOE. 
BY TIIE HEV. OEORQE MILES COOPER. 




tnu from Ihc; Clmpel Rour. 

In my examinnlion of the records belonging to this moit»8- 
tery, I have dt^rivcd assistance from the previous inquiries 
of the Rev. E. Vcnablus, who having undertaken to be its 
historian, hut being unfortunately prcvtjntcd from completing 
his design, has allowed mo to benefit by the result of his 
hkbours. A supply of matter, not hitherto made public, has 
also been very ohliginply placed in my hands by the Rev. 
G, R, Boissicr, consisting of nearly two hundred deeds of 
conveyance aod other documents relating to the abbey, acci- 
dentally discovered, a few years since, as that genlleinnn was 
passing tlirough a neglected room in Pensliurst Castle. A 
seal protniding itself from a heap of rubbish, led to an inves- 
tigation wliich brought to light n large number of parchments 
and papers, whose existence had been for a long time unknown 
or forgotten, Mr. Boissier subsequently cleaned and arranged 
them for the late Lord De Lisle, the noble owner of the 
caatte, and lias permitted me to use liia traiiscripta for the 
piu^ioses of the present essay, of which indeed they will be 
found to furnish the principal materials. These deeds, there 



144 



NOTICES OP THE ABBET OF ROBERTS BRIDGE. 



aecms decisive against this opinion, vfhich indeed is ecnrcely 
tenable on other grounds, iJnleaa a river be crossed by one 
bridge only, there is nothing distinctive in a name derived 
froLo the stream itself. London-bridge and Westminster- 
bridge are intelligible terms ; but Thames-bridge would be 
a vague desiguation, applicable with equal propriety to either, 
or to any other bridge over that renowned river. Sir William 
Burrell,^ while admitting " Robertsbridge " to be the oldest 
form of the name eitant, still inclines to thiak that the original 
was ** Rotherbridge :'* — not indeed from the river, which in 
the Sa.i'Oft Chronicle is called ** Limenc," but Eroin the cattle 
that passed over it, viz., oxen, cows, steers, and heifers, which 
were anciently called Rother beasts.^ 

He quotes however a passage from Guil. Pictaviensia (in 
his Gesla GinUidmi Ducis, p. 199)i as possibly relating to 
a person who gave name to the bridge and hamlet. It is 
to the effect, that wliUc Duke William lay at Hastings, he 
received a message from a man of good substance, who was 
settled in those parts, but by birth a Norman/ Roberf, son 
of a noble woman named Guimare, and the duke's kinsman, 
warning him to be upon his guard, and not rashJy encounter 
Harold and his numerous forces, but rather to remain for a 
time within his entrenclunents. 

The hamlet of Robertsbridge lies in the parish of Sale- 
hurst, where several small streams uniting flow ou towards 
the beautiful ruins of Bodiham Castk\ about four miles below. 
Formerly, tins river had its outlet between Lydd and Romney, 
until the great storm in 12S7, mentioned by Camden, which 
drove the sea over the marshes of that district and caused a 
vast destruction both of life and property, altogether diverted 
the latter part of its coiu'se, stopping up its old mouth and 
forcing it to find a new and more direct passage into the sea 
at Rye» 

K little to the oast of the hamlet, about a stone's cast frona 
the south bank of the river, stand the remains of our venera- 
ble abbey, whose situation must originally have resembled 
tiiat of another Cistercian house, the Abbey of Stonelcy, in 



< Add, MSS. 634^ rda. &29 luid 74.7. 
* St^tex drcfk. Coileciioiu, VIl, 236, 
11.20. 



* *' Finium iUonuD inquilinua, zutione 



yoTicES OP THE ABUKY OF RonKHTsniuntjr.. 



145 



Warwickshire^ which Sir William Diigdnle dcscriboa lus Be- 
Iccted by the monks because it was remote from public ronds, 
vritli a thick wood on the north, nnd almost environed by a 
riven' After t!ic common fjitc of such biiikliiiga, it is now 
converted into a farm-house, liaving tlie ciypt nearly perfect, 



-^'^X 




hut little else of which the form or use can clearly be dis- 
cerned. Great part of the old Btriictiire liiifi been dcstrojcd 
froiu the foundation; a small portion of broken walls, btilong- 
iiig to the chapel and unapplied to any modem purpose, 
still totters to its fall ; whilsj. nn ndjoiniiig frngment, which 
displays some remains of the floistt-r firclies, is converted into 
an oflst'housci but such n disconnection of parts prevails as 
to render it difficnit, if not impossible, to form any precise 
notion of what the house was in the days of its prosperity- 
Of these last-mentioned portions a sufficient impression may 
be conveyed by the accompanjing sketch, which I owe to 
my friend, J. S. Raven, Esq., of St, Leonard's-on-Sea, ITie 
sparrow, who has asserted from the days of Dnvid nn heredi- 
tary claim for shelter in sacred edifices, has found, it will be 
seen, a place where she may lay her young in the conical 



* Hilt, of Warwickshire, p, 170. 



VIII. 



19 



14G ^OTICES OF THE ABBEY OF EOBERTSBRIDGB, 

thatched roof> so pictureaque, albeit so incoiigruoualy united 
with tUc broken relics of Gothic arcliitecture. 




Views of the exterior (p. 14S) of the chapel and of the. refec- 
tory (p- 164), after drawings by Grimm taken in 1783,exhibiting 
much more of tho buildings than now exists, have been kindly 
contributed by Mrs. Blaauw; while for original drawings of 
the interior of tlic chapel as it now appears (p. l&3)j of two 
bosses which formerly ornamented the chnpel roof {pp. 141, 
176), of the arches of tho crypt (p, 145), of a recess in the re- 
fectory (p. ICG), and an armorial tile (p. 173), 1 am indebted 
to the obliginf^ courtesy of Mrs» Wrench : these will he found 
dispersed through my essay. Dr. Wrench has also favoured 
mc with a very cxnct grouud-plan, showing accurately tlic re- 
lative position and distances of snch parts of the buildings as 
nru still left, with certain dotted foundations ; anything further 
would he mere conjecture. A fragment of carved stone, once 
forming apparently the central capital from which two noblo 
arches sprang, now laid on its side, dischftrgca the inglorious 
ofHcc of a flowerpot in the farm-house garden. 




C.=i ----^- 






Oeflnyd 



The origlna] cndowDieDt coDsiated of all tbc lands, tenc* 
ments, men, and senices, which the founder held of 
de St. Martin and his heirs in the rape of Hastings, To i 
were soon added other lands and mauorS; given by va 
benefactors or purcliased by the monVa themselves, in the 
oeighbouring parishes of " Pette," " Gcstal " (GueatUng),. 
" Ileikelshom/' PlaydoD, and Iden. One of the earliest bei>&*( 
factors was Alicia Countess of Eu (Augi), daughter of Adcliza^ 
Queen of Uenry I, who, after the death of that monorcfaf 
married, secondly, William de Albini, thereby conveying to 
him the earldom of Arundel, which had been settled upoili 
her in dower.* Alicia, the offspring of tliU onion, bccaiDe 
the wife of John Connt of En, in Normandy ; and, being Idl 
a widow, wafl married again to Alured de St. Martin, tli9i 
foonder of oar abbey : this explains the interest »be tooic in 
its wel&re. This lady, {or the soars health of her fetber and 
mother, her deceased first hogband, her brother and siften, 
gare to the abbey Sneling of Soei^te (Snargale in Kettt) 



us 



NOTICKa OF THE ABflKY OV ROB^RTSDRIDOK. 



and hiB family, with his tenement of Sncrgateaiid its appurte- 
nances, whirh formed pnit nf her free dowry.^ and Mas there- 
fore at lier disposal; ^vllli oilier lauds belonging to hA, for 
the maiiUcnanue of hospitality. Among the witnesses to this 
(Iced of gift are Henry Earl of Eu (her son), Robert his brother, 
Alured dc St, Martin [her husband), Sanson uf Geslling, and 
Stephen de St Martin, 

This Henry Earl of Eu gave to the monastery Werth 
(Wertham), with the valley (Cuinbam) acijoiuitig to his forest 
of Bnghtliug (Bristlinga), eUcwhere deseribed as "Cum- 
deune;''^ and conlirnis an agreement respecting these lands 
made between the monks and Ringer of Nortlnaui (Jli/f^e- 
riififi fie Nordid). By Another charter he concedes, as an 
hereditary possession, the whole feofi' of Foddande, which the 




Xitaiq- of CbftpsI* HDbcTli^iiiJji^ 



monks had pnrchnsed of Reginald de Meinys and Matilda his 
wife, and of Ingeran dc Krcssenvillc. In tlic Monasticon, 
" I'^uUandes " ai'o srad to be in Sclyeconibe and Ewburst • I 
find them subse^piently stated In eonliiin together 244 acres. 
It appears ineidenliilly from another dfwnnicnt^ that the carl 
added to these gifts a pmbtuid in Jhe Olnirch of St. Mary, of 
Hastings* In ennsetinenco of tins bcnelicence, which was 



* Tlii'rti nny in nri|ftit liik^ Imn Trtplhii, 

iwwrnllnl Cln^lHiiil JJniii Wiii'tfii nii- 
detitlj U|>iicrnnilNHl"'AViTlPKv Onhfl 



otmlninOiHoirc. A,D. 1580) *U^ul Ifjirtj- 
1(111 wn'ii vT wood; it sUU retum tbe 
iiuiiv of CvoiiilHtou, 



NOTICES OF THE ABUEY OF ROBKBT& BRIDGE. 



149 



the more acceptable because their " nhhey waa huilt in a 
sterile place'* — whicli, by the way, seems a common complaint 
on tlie part of the " religious" — the brethren, with Dioiiyaius 
their abbot, by a formal deed, concede to him, as well in life 
as in deatb, all the benefits of their prayers, and full participa- 
tion in all their services by which he could be profited, either 
here or in purgatory hereafter, and farther engage that the 
illustrious countess, his mother, '' the foundress of their abbey," 
should also participate iu all their orisons and services for ever- 

John Earl of Eu, another son of Alicia, confirnis them 
(arc. A.D. 1195) in quiet possession of all grants made to 
them by his predecesaora, and otber estates previously acquired 
in his barony by gift or purchase ; among which ore mentioned 
tenements in Pett, Setelscumbe^ " Farlcga" (Fairliglil), Kattes- 
feld, Bromhelle, and Dallirgton. Among the witnesses to this 
charter is " Amfredus (Humphrey) dc Dene/' another member 
of the family noticed in the Smsex Arch. Collecfwus, III, 23, 
as being connected with West Dean and Ickleshnm. 

One of these parishes, Bromhill, anciently of considerable 
opulation, has almost ceased to exist, from damages sustained 
)y repeated inroads of the sea. It was situated between Rye 
and Lydd, partly in Kent and partly in Sussex, the church being 
in the latter county ; and contained several portions of marsh- 
land belonging to our monastery ; but the great storm of 1 287 
submerged its lands, sweeping away both men and cattle, and 
destroying its church, of which the site is at present marked 
by a heap of boulders and a few fragments of cut stone, 
AVhat remains in Sussex of this unfortunate parish consists 
only of a small quantity of pasture land, and the whole popu- 
lation is reduced to about eighty. 

This John dying without issue, his niece Alicia, daughter 
and heir of Earl Henry, and wife of Ralph de Yssodnn, or 
Osyndon,^ becajiie Countess of Eu, In 1215, Ralph granted 
the monks a deed of confiimation, in which Alured dc St. 
Martino is called the founder. From this deed it appears 
that the land at Farlega was bought of Thomas de St. Leger ; 
that at Seddlescombe, of Gilbert, son of Genceline ; and that 
Werth, Combe, Ruwindene, (also belonging to the monastery, 



r. 



■ Tha manor of " Ofljnden *' was ia 
Kontf and campri.'hirn(tocl a good deal oT 
property in tlii^ "ilennii" of Osyndtn^ in 
Iho puiab of ^Joudliurvt, ftud in variou« 



venJi-n, nnwkliunt, ana BtoutS in thu 



KOTTCM OF THE ADBET OF RODKRTSBETBOE* 



and otherwise epcit Rowcndca or Rundcan), were all m the 
pariati of Briglitling.*^ 

Another deed of the same Kalph Odsigna them free padtiiragc 
ID his forest of Worth for their bullocka, sheep, and hogs.- 
The eoal is a mounted kiiight, sword in hand — the common 
device of all scnls till ahout a.Dh 12 IS, — ^wilh the legend 
SIGILL, RADULFI DE ISSONDUN COMITIS D'EO, 
Reverse, thi5 arms — a shield, barry of five. 

After the death of her husband, this second Countess 
Alicia (a,d. 1325) gave lo the abbey the right of pasturage in 
her forest of Burgherae (Burwasli) for 20 ojien, as many cows 
with their calves, and mares with their foals. By a second 
deed in 1241, she added the mill of Winham with the mill- 
pond and all things appertaining thereunto: this seems to 
have been in Brighlting.^* 

Other members of the founder's family were also bene- 
factors : William de St. Martin, who gave lands and rents ; 
Walter — who speaks of himself as the son of Geffrey, 
who parted with bia feoft' of " Walilond"^^ to Aimed, in ex- 
change for certain lands in Normandy — confirma Alured's 
grant of it to the monks ; and Roger gives his confirmation 
to an agreement which they had made with one Randulph de 
Ethend. 

The family of St, Leodegarius, who were settled at Fairlight 
and Dallington,held under the Countess Alicia three knights' 
fees and a half, and bad a charter of free warren. Thomas 
and Geffrey St. I^egcr appear in the list of benefactors : the 
former giving " ail his pasture of Farleghe which he held iu 
his possession on the day in which the monastery was finished, 
\.u. 1170," for a quit-rent of half a mark of silver ; the latter, 
grandson of Thomas, all his marsb-land in the feoff of Soker* 
nesac in the bog below Rye {/// worn suifer Eiam), lying 
between the land of Robert de Crevequer^^ and Winchclse, 



^ Boimden oontAitwd (L-Ti. 1580) 79 
Bcrcfl of wood aodS of iwture. "Itl^on- 
dev vood" fltm ru£ta in BrigbtUsg^ on 
the conltnffl of Burna^h. 

" Vido MoTioaliooti, No. 10. 

^ Tliid A^lK^ard afftM'wariiLeafl^'WaUand 
MerBo," in the mriBb of lv7cliureh. 

'^ Thin Vha tfw frroLtdHOD of Kobvrt dc 
CrevoqUiTj b 1>i'nD^ctcT of Lcnoe PrioiTi 
^u. 1119. IlJ9 turn Euuon, Joining lu 



thd rebdlion Against Jt>bn towanVA the 
CTid of that king's reign, incurred Uie fm^ 
feitLro of his ettok^; but. buiog afLor- 
warda nstored to favour, ha marrtcMl 
Ikfuude, daiightirr of Wdliam do Abriocb 

far do A^erencJiffl, in SormttiHij) — q 
ftmily lo be montionod btircaficr in con- 
Dectiotimtb tbiflabbc^, (Sui DiigdKle'H 
UfiToiiagc^ i, 691<) 



"Notices o1 



[ITSBRIDOE. 



151 



and between the great flctc*^ {flcinm) which reaches as far as 
Rje and the water of Chcne. Hendcart, the widow of Johu 
dc St- Legcr, and mother of Geffrey, " being moved to please 
the monks of Robcrtsbridgc touching her dowry in the feoff 
of Farleio," renounces all claim tliereto, and resigns it to thera 
in peace and without cavil for three marks and a half of silver. 

Socknirsh is still the name of a farm in Brightling, Roger 
de Sokenerse, or Swokencrae, appears as a grantor in two and 
aa a witness in five deeds ; William de Sokenerse as witness 
in nine> The former describes himself as son of William de 
St.Leger. Before the adoption of sumamea, when individuals 
were designated frnm their properties or places of residence, 
relationships are sometimea difficult to perceive. Thus Ralph 
de Ickelshani was brother to Robert de DeneJ* and [m we 
shall presently see) William dc Monceux was son of Waleran 
de llerstc. The Sokenerscs held the manor of Soavc under 
the Abbot of St. Augustine, in Canterbury. 

A good husband, one Alan Pollard, sells to the monks a 
piece of land called Lcgingett for five marks and (wo golden 
allies for his vife : the albe being a vestmcDt of fine white 
linen, worn by officiating priests and women of quality, which 
had tight sleeves, and was sometimes embroidered with gold, 
or otherwise decorated. 

Another Sussex family of note, the Lnnsfords, who derived 
their name from a property so called in the parish of Ecliing- 
ham, have their signatures added as witnesses to no fewer 
than twenty-nine of these deeds ; and they make nmny con- 
cessions to the abbot and monks, Hugo gives one acre of 
his meadow at Luiidresford, at the dedication of their chui-eh 
and towards ita endowment, near the fountain in the said 
meadow and on its south side, Matilda, his dinighter mid 
heir, in her widowhood, grants another acre lying north of the 
pool and alder-bed adjacent to the acre given by her father, 
with right of way through the land called Postcrncham, near 
" the giiildhonac of Lundrcsford.*' By another deed she adds 
a tenement in Henherst, near the forest of the Earl of Ku, over 
against Blakcbroc,^'' for a quit -rent of G^., to be " paid yearly 



^' Flett id Iho Uftmci still giycnjn ihe 
lale of Sheppjaniiolaowbtre, 1o ett(Tip.jve 
pines of ebtillow brackish nnter near Ibu 
atn- 



^' Smaea: Arch. GjUffioas,JU, 32. 

"* This LUclbruofc »ua in BrigUlling. 
Idod of tki! Bame ahmB was alio iTi Wwt' 
field, of ivhicb cerlaJu brooltlaud, called 



153 



NOTICES OF TnE ABBRY OF ROBFRTflRHIDGE. 



at the abbey-gate on Michadmna day." Jolm de Lnnsford 
guarantees the above two aeres of meadow given by his uncle 
lliigh and cousin Matilda j and gives two acres and a quarter 
adjoining. Lastly, Adclia, formerly wife of Richard, son of 
Hugo de Lunstbrd, resigns in [jcrpetuity all her tenement of 
Ilolbem/^ reserving to herself a life interest. 

Several deeds relate to the nianor of Possingworth, in 
Waldron, by one of which it is conveyed by John, son of 
Lawrence de " Possyngewerse/* the last owner of the family 
named after the estate, to Sir William Harengaud'^ and 
Margery hi?^ wife; bj whom it is aft(;rwards given to their 
fhiughtcr Margery and her lieirs^ with rcniaiudcr to Alicia 
(another daughter) and her heii^. Margery afterwards (a, D, 
1333, G Edw, III) conveys it to Wm. Stamynden of Lanibor- 
licrst, and Roger Lnkct of Bleeliynton, ncor Scfford ; which 
conveyance was confirmed by Thomas^ son and heir of Sir 
John Harengaud. In 133 I, Stamynden surrendered to Laket 
ali right and title to the estate ; and in 1336, Lnket assigned 
it to the Abbey of Robertsbriilge, together with a rent of 
iv shillings and v pence farthing, which John de Maryhara paid 
for another tenement in Wnldron, called '* Atte Watero."^^ 

The name of Walilond appears in twenty-six deeds relating 
to small pieces of property made over to the monastery; and 
Ralph de Ilerliindennc confirms to the monks the posisession 
of Cnoke in Oxcncile, of Wokele, Fuggclbroc, and Ydenne, 
with certain lands w^hich " Gilbertua Cinerarius"^ held in his 
lordship. 

Several members of the Hcrtsmonceux family appear as 
principals or witnesses in these documents. In one of them, 
Idonia de Ilerste gives a formal acknowledgment thab she 
had received from Aliired de St. Martin "all her rent for 
Promhelle (Brorahill) — to wit 6d. Stirling, which Ahired used 
to pay her annually — for xiij years together, reckoning from 



" Kyrbjcs/* was tif^metime pnrppl. Uen- 
Kiirtl, from \tt proiimily. must linvo tepu 
oithiT in Bri^hllinc orBurwujh -, tlioiiRh 
tbe Den ^o cnihd van m SEapl^^hursL^ iha 
niicicnt BODt of A fniDJlj (lampd frota it, 
wU*) had nUo Hiiotbcr oatato in "Wcod- 
ciiorcb- 

^ YcODif^of thi9rinmp,othtmue Kol- 
bon nnd Rolbonipp Hred in Wilmington 



early in llio sLTpntoontli a^ntury j at pPo- 
i^nt ii i* unknown. 

'^ The ncriiigautlB were cOnnccl<(l wilh 
tbe fuDiily of do D^tia, and Biw't-ccded to 
tbeir projMjrlv -, thej worp Bottled At Wi'st 

l3«Lii and l4!kl«bai]i, 

'^ Pominpwortb now belongs to Morgan 
Tltonma, Kiq, 

" The Lntitiitod form of thp namp 
"Aahburaei'.*^ 



NOTICES OP TflE ABBEY OF aOBERTSBRlDOfi. 



163 



the first feaat of St. Michael after the coronation of King 
Richard." As Richard I was crowned Sept, 3, 11S9, the 
date of this acquiltance must have been a.u. 1202. This 
teneracDt of Proiuhelic, with its vUiaiiis, rents, and appurte- 
nances, she, about the same time, conferred upon our nbbot 
and convent, as appears from the original charter in the 
British Museuiu, for the same quit-rent of sixpence; and we 
have here a confirmation of his mother's grant by her son, 
William dc Hcrstc, with » stipulation that ** for thle grant and 
confirmation the soidmonkB should concede to him a comnion 
beneficial interest in the house, and a participation in all the 
prayers which they should make in their house for ever/' 




The grant is again confirmed by his son, William de Monceu\, 
about the time wheu one of the two, probably in consequence 
of Ronic intermarriage betwi-en the familiea of Herst and 
MonceuXt gave to their seat the compound name of Herstmon- 
ceux, which it has ever since retained. 

Walter de Scotni, one of a family residing at Scotney Castle, 
in the parish of Lamberhurst, confirms in two deeds certain 
lands^^ in his feoff bought by the monls of Gilbert, the son of 
Genceline, and of Reginald de Mainers and Matilda his wife ; 



*• Probably in Ljdd Of Brarnhfll, where 
tbv Sootm^i hjhd ■ muior, aavr c*U«t 

Till- 



BIPtdimj^CourtpCompruiDgparU of both 
tKoM pcuvbcfli 

20 



164 



NOTICES OF THE ABBEY OF KODEBTSBRIDQE. 



which confirmation is repeated by Peter de Scotai almost m 
the same Avords, This Wulter was accuaud of giving poison 
to Uiclmrd Earl of Gloucester, and his brother, William de 
Clare, from the effects of which William died : being tried 
and found guilty upon thia ficcusotiou, he was executed at 
WinclicBter A,D. 1259.22 

Robert do Clotiugcham^ asaigna a rent of two sluUings 
paid by William the Collier (le Cohere) for a tenement called 
Curtingliope, in wliicb we may perhaps see the source from 
whence the highly-respected Sussex family of Courtbope have 
derived their name. 

The Alards of Winchelsea, an opulent family whose beati* 
tiful monuments in the church of St/fhomas were viewed 
with BO much admiration at the anniversary meeting of the 
Sussex Archfeological Society in the summer of 1854, occur 
in these documents. James, son and heir of Gervase Alard^ 
(a,d. 1339), appoints Robert Marchant, of Rye, his attorney 
for putting the abbot and convent of Robertsbridge into seizin 
of certain land, agreeably to a charter in their poasesaioa ; and 
John, Abbot of Robertsbridge, &c., grants to Robert Alard, 
son of Robert Alard, of Wynchcisc, a lease of this land dated 
" from our Abbey of Robertsbridge ou the day of the blessed 
Martyr Wangclitte"^ in the xiv year of the reign of Edward III 
(lJi41) ; Thomas atte Nassa, the mayor of Rye, Robert Alar- 
cbant, and six others being witnesses. 

We have also a lease to Geffrey Cade for forty years of a 
tenement belonging to the abbot and convent in the lo^™ of 
Rye, with a quay (caja) attached to it. at an annual rent of 
X shillings ; GefTrey engaging to keep the tenement in good 
repair, and " Lht religious " to do the sauke to the (]uay, and 
to defend him against all charges that might be made against 
him by the people of the town. 

Renger dc Watbngetunc gives the monks seven perches of 
land in mdth and twelve in length, to enlarge their vineyard 



« 9ep Mfllt. WcatoL, pp. 2S0 Bod 2S2 ; 
tlao Dugdole'a Ban>nago, p. 676. 

* A Sir Boberl du ClaluieUum wbs & 
btticfAetor lo »lio Kni;(hlfl TprnplorB at 
■oiDo tiino aiil^wociunl tf» the jew 1134. 

'^ Tile Aianlq lidd tho manor of Snor- 

pt6: Ihu Gtfnuati Alikrd wtid ^^Adiiurulof 



thflW™teniSflBi,"34Edw.r(A.i>.l303). 
^ There is manift^tlj some error in tho 

trauetTipt of thia iiniiK^, on there la no Bunh 
Saint found in nrij oalDiidar, and ihon jb 
no opporlunity Dow to refer io tbe an- 
giuU MS. St. We*ce^aui* d^v nu the 
28th 8q>tffnilx.T, 



KOTICE3 OF TSB ABBET OF R0B&RT9BR1DQ£. 



155 



at Fudilande (in Ewliurst) and make an outer ditch thereto. 
Petroncllft Tdfidt releases to them a field called Fairfcld,^ in 
the village of Robcrtsbrklgo. 

It appears from a confirmatory charter of Edward III, that 
Cecilia de Albrincia in her widowhood, with the consent of 
her son William, fissigned to our abbey her capital messuage 
and manor of Sutton, near Seaford, though the deed and con- 
veyance 13 not in tlie Sidney Collection. Tliere is however 
one wherein this Willinm de Averanchis (as his name is spelt 
on the seal) gives otlier lands to one Lacford {/orf, Latchford) 
at the same Sutton, for the yearly rent of j lb. of cumin, and 
l-20th part of a knight's fee. This nobleman, being involved 
in the disputes bctvpeen King John and his harona, was im- 
prisoned, and only obtained bis liberty by selling some of liis 
property.^' An original deed of William de A verancb is, con- 
firming his mother's grant to the monks — and adding to it 
"Dennam que vocatur 'omble"" (Low Dean?) — is in the 
British Museum,^ to which several names of note are attached 
in witness, as AVilliam Eai-1 of Warren, William Earl of 
Sussex, Gilbert de Aquila, Simon of Eehingham and William 
his brother, William de Munccaus, Kicbai'd de Cumbe, Walter 
de l)ene, and others* 

It would seem that the abbey property at Sutton was in 
some danger of forfcilure from this baron*s proceedings \ for 
early in the next reign (1221) the monks were confirmed in 
their possession of the manor and its appurtenances by Henry 
the Thinh^ 

The above are some of tbc most remarkable among the 
title-deeds discovered at Penshurst, 

In the collection of charters, relating to many different 
individnaln and monastic bodies, presented to the British 
Museum by Lord Frederick Campbell, arc sevcnty-niue which 
relate to Robertsbridge, chiefly conveyances of property in 



* Iq ft H3. i»Dt^ isiro. i.D. 1580), 
iWa entry ocean r "Tlie profiyu of Chi* 
ffjjjTc ItoldL^n in two aeTerall fiVJdc&j colleiJ 
Syi'i jffi^refddfs^ veorlv, Bl tlio ffoaal^ of 
tlitf U-jJljwiAjJ fUuly Cri^M, Srpt- 11), 
ootnLiiunibu* anoia, ya worths p^ nno" 

■7 Dugtl. Baronage, i, 4G7^ 

" Lord F. Ounpbel]'* M89., w, 2.— 



A letter from the Ti^ndon, earnostEy uk- 
Iiig ilie ihroc Drtt of thtioe personLgitE to 
bo witneasoa to iheir donl^ of <!on7oyjinpi\ 
tnav litJ fieon in tlie Sumej: Arch. CoiU-c- 
tio'fut, VI, 111. 

* ThH oipreenion '^Sullon juitft 3e- 
fordiftm" proFea thnl thia was oot Stidtun^ 
in tbo rapo of Anindvl, u eD[kpo«od 
Oartsrright, p. 2«. 



m 



NOTICES OP IDE A.BBET OF ROBERTSBBJDOE. 



" Promehill/' One of them (oil, 5) gives the consent and 
ratification of Henry Earl of Eu aiid Alured de St. Martiii to 
a composition between the Prior of Christ's Church, Canter- 
bury, and the Abbot of Robertsbridgo, about a piece of marsh- 
land between the embankment (Wailaiu) belonging to the 
monks and Oxney (Oseneiam) : it has the seals of the earl 
and oar foimder^ annexed to it^and iu tolerable preservation^ 




Foandar'i 8c^. 



Another is a grant by Mnriota^ relict of John Bcynald, of 
Wynchelse, of her right (by reason of dower) in four semes 
(quarters) of wheat and one of oata, arising nnniially out of a 
miU at"rromhulle/' a.d. 1335 (8 Edward III). 

Some of the impressions of seals in this collection nre 
remarkably well defined find beautifid ; particularly that of 
Ydont-a de Herste — a full-length female figure with banging 
sleeves, having a bird in her left hand, and in lier right the 

X 

In later documents I find mention of '*Blackstocke," in 
Hellingly, a farm belonging to tho momistery, and rented 
(9 Eliz.) at £3. 0*. fid, by Thomas Tayloun it is now the 
property of the Earl of Chichester, and bears the snnic name. 
There occur also several names indicative of former monastic 
tenure, — as "Conventlands '* at Holmysliorstj in Burwash ; 

" ObUginglj copied for mv bj Mr. Ad&, of Milton Uoiirt. 



NOTICES 0? THK ABBET OF EOBEBTS BRIDGE, 



157 



" ffryer Lande," iii the parishea of Orlastone, Sjiave, and 
Ivychurchj iu *' Roiopiieyiaershe ;" aud " Abbotsbmke," in 
Sulchurst. The manor of Maplesden, in the parish of '*BeTiyn- 
dcQ " aud deu of Maplesden, waa also part of their possessions 
— with a family of that name among the copyholders; and 
likewise tlie manor of Lambcrhuret. 

This abbey appears to have had its full share of litigation 
arising out of disputed rights and dubious claims, there being 
among the Penshurst MSSh many compromises and legal 
decisions for the settlement of such disputes. 

In one case (a.d- 1273) the convent comes off with great 
.triumph, for their opponent is reduced to make the following 
' abject submission : — '* To all the faithful in Chriat, &c. Yon 
will imderatand that I, Wdliam Godfrey (Godefridus), raised 
a very unjust suit against the Abbot and Convent of Roberts- 
bridge concerning a right of way to a certain marsh in the 
parish of Stane.^' Moved at length with compunction for my 
offence and my very grievous crime, I have withdrawn the 
action, acknowledging for myself and my heirs that I had no 

i"ust ground for it ; and, while touching the sacred scriptures, 
have sworn that never by me or any one appointed by me, 
nor by any counsel or help of mine, shall any controversy be 
again raised on this subject/' Generally, however, these 
contests ended in an agreement that one party should hold 
the lands or tenements in question, subject to such a payment 
as was considered to be a fair equivalent for the right possessed 
in them by the other. 

One of the most lengthj' suits mentioned was carried on 
for eight years with the abbey by Herbert de Burgherse 
(Durwash), and afterwards by hia son Reginald, about 100 
acres of land in Burwash; beginning iu 34 Hen. Ill (a.d. 1250), 
it was not finished till the parties met before the Queen at 
Westminster, and a compromise was aiadc ; " and thus peace 
was established in tlie presence of our Lady the Queen ontho 
morning following Advent Sunday, and in the 42d year of 
the reign of King Henry.^^ 



^ Stono^ in tlio hundred of Oiqpj, 
Kent, ProbiibJy tlie vxme marsh waa the 
But^ectof tht^ a^pcizii^ut just meniiouoJ 
A* ratified b^ thu Knrl nf Eu and Aliin<] 
St. MiUtin, This mar^li vaa tel b; tho 
ftbboi and ooQTent (2& Hen. YIII) for £& 



ill, h40. 
^ ^'Inpre&ufkCiAdommei3«gini\*' QttMn 

H^lo&nor hart t^io custody of the Gruut Seal 
in 12i>S'4, diirm^ Uio khig'ti abwnoe m 
G^aacony, twing Lbo oiilj Icmaki to whom 



158 



NOTICES OP THE ABBEY OP ROBERTSBRlDGE, 



In 1327, the abbot brought his action against Ralph de 
Camoys, for seizing and canyiEg off, at a place called " Sabine- 
land/ in the parish of Chiddinglegh,^ three heifers — which 
the defendant alleged were justly distrained upon for homage 
due to him from the abbot, but not rendered. This Rape of 
the Sabinea was tried " at the court held at the Castle-gate of 
Pevouse/* but was not decided till ten years later; when at 
the same court, and at the command of Robert dc Sassi, 
constable of the said castle — sittuigaDd administering justice 
in his gate like the judges of old time — it was decreed that 
the abbot should hold of the said Ralph his messuage and 
land by feoffment and suit at the Court of 'Toxhunte," de 
tribtts septimanis in tres sejiHwatias"^^ but by no other service 
or payment as claimed. This being agreed to by the said 
Ralph and his attorney, it was then farther decreed that 
Ralph should reimburse the abbot for the injury done him, 
besides paying all the coats of the suit. 

Sometimes it woidd look as if the abbot were the aggressor, 
for in the Ilaylcy Papers ^ is preserved a presentment of 
John Godcwyn, abbot {clrc, a.d. 1507), William Brykendcn^ 
William Austen, William Pypcsdcn, monka of Robertsbridge, 
and five yeomen of the same placc,^^ charging tbcm with 
having gathered together ^^ divers malefactors and digturbors 



it wma G^er ofnoiaUj cntrUfltod. Tlift Lnd/ 
KcepDf profliili^ jn'reoniny an jndy<" lit Uie 
Aola Kt-'gifli though (nct'Drdin^ to Lord 
OampbelL) no record of htV JudiiTifLl drH^i- 
eioaa ia knoirri to eiJat, The dat^uf this 
dotiUQiont Ktuiii Uy alion* llmt ahe occa- 
nouaU; took p&rt iu the Admin ietratioD 
of jii9tie« after Ler reBignatioQ of the 
"ClBTiaEcgDE.'^ 

^ I cannot find hdt Iracw of "Sabinc- 
knd/' Thi] <>onvptit lind in Waidron nnd 
Ohiddingly, twit Sar%n^y cnllod Enut nud 
Vt'esl Dern^j a natne of woodland origio ; 
for oar Etaion anMaLora cnlli^l " Ueome '* 
OP "DL*me" nlncm frejjiipniftd hj t.hnwild 
deniipna of IneioiVBt, "Deor" being their 
vord for a croolureyflriTttafwfi?; whcnuo 
Our " dixT,'^ A.9 pu(?h cn?at urm - prefer 
lonely and retired Bpola, "di'ma" cumo in 
Old En^liah to Biguifj *' uci'ulliis^'' ** nt- 
oreliu." {JttK. Efji/Pi^ Ma^.) Waldtrne 
itfldf phunlj dtrivua iTs name from (he 
mama taurovy nod u vroa Don wild and. 



■ilraQ in ita lupvct beyond meal pliiOei in 

lilt' no'ghbourliood, '* Kiltiu'et*'," llie 
appellation of another bqijvU iKirUon of 
landa, UTODrs in like manner of the 
fortat. 

" The anmU manor of Foihunl ia iu 
the iwriab of Wildron. 

^ Thift flfoma to be the l^?chnifaJ ei- 

finngion for the customary oi^rrifo duo 
Fom tberillaia to his lord of ali^^adancQ 
aE his L*ourt Iield every three weckB^ for 
tho purpoBPfl of iuatic**. 

» Add. MSS,6351, f. 75. 

^ The nain^B of tlicafichampionsof tho 
dimrb^ wlio may perhaps hnyc deflCcnd- 
»tiFA Ijring BtRobcHabridgo, wcreTboitLSB 
MeetJmU, John Goodgroom, Woodward 
flharpp. John MotM^ and Bisbert Tuyler. 

^ "Aggregulis llbaquamplu^bllJ'^^flle■ 
fBcl'U^ib■IB i^t pni^is dill Iti-'giB [hL'rtiirbor 
toribu» noltow modo gut-rrino arpaiuqnc, 
Tiddlioct glarliiH baculu oulttrUia ct JUiis 
annipf'* Ac &o. 



NOTICES OF TBB ABBEY OF R0BERTBB&1DGB, 



159 



of the Icing's peace, and riotously and in warlike manner and 
array, to wit, with swords, slaves, knivt-s, and other arms, 
fordbly entered the house of one Gcdard Oxenbrigge,^ at 
Northfaridgi-, iu the pariah of S[Jehurst, ou the Gth dny of 
August, in the 13th year of the king's reign (Henry VII or 
Henr>' VIIL I think the fonner) and then and there dug and 
obstructed the course of a rivulet called Lyme, and given it 
another direction. 

In these acts of violence, however, the abbot was outdone 
by his nt'ighbours, both lay and clerical, whose oppri'ssiona 
had been carried so far aa to render an early appeal to Fope 
Honorius ill necessary for his prott^tion. The papal decree 
issued in consequence is dated at Viterbo, in the fourth year 
of his pontificate {a.d. 1220, or 4 Henry 111), and addressed 
to the dignitaries of the English Church. This decree is 
recited in two of the Peiishurst MSS- ; and one iiistiinco is 
recorded in which it was put in force. The Abbot of Lesnes*** 
and the Prior of Rochester, acting under the pope's mandate, 
called before theui a kick, WilUuin de Pertlirgton, iu 12:28, 
and " having summoni-d a jury of prudent men," condemned 
him in the parish church of Dcrteford to pay the monks x marks 
damages, with l shillings expenses, and xl shillings for their 
loss of time. 

It might perhaps be owing rather to internal dishonesty 
than to external violence, but, if wc may judge from one 
instance upon record, the abbey books shared the fate of the 
abbey lands ; at the same time, this instance curiously ehowa 
how well the monks had attniued their object of secluding 
themselves and their house from the observation of the world. 
In the Bodleian Library may still be seen a MS. volume bear- 
ing this inscription i~" This book belongs to St. Mary of 
Robertsbridge : whosoever shall steal it, or sell it, or in auy way 



" Thpfo V a (ftrrahauw eiill' called 
Oxmbridge, in th(< pAri«h of TJuu, wlijch 

gaTQ iintnr to tina £aaii\v^ nliurw priiiciual 
rcaii]L<iic« nos nl Brcdc, irh^re aonu' of 
thoir nionuTQpnlfl Tvinaui.—liorBU^ld, i, 
pp. 50-1 and 515. 

* Iha abbey of Wettwoud m Loanw, 
In Xhs pBJuli of £nlli, near Dartrord, WM 



rounded by lUobard de Luor, i.D. IITB, 
awl bfilon^t-d to llio AiiBtiu Cnnonii. U 

noH imti of lliL- miiicir houpn tfrouled %o 
AVolaov. 17 Hen. Villi '"id lU C*Utw 
i\ow form part of Uio rndoWOiDnt of 
St. ButUolamcv'B Hoapitbl, fliwlhltold. 



160 



NOTICES OP THE ABBEY OF BO BERTS BaTDGE. 



alienate it from this house, or mutilate it, let liioi be anathema 
uiaranathfl/' A subsequent possessor {fin: 1327), alariuetl ut 
this formidable curse, relieves his conBcicncc by inserting as 
follows: — " 1, John, Bishop of Exeter, X-ftouj not miere the 
o/oi-^mid ftoff^e is, nor did I steal this book, but acquired it 
in a lawful way,"^' 

That our abbey did not escape the common cxQCtion of 
forced loans, we have ccrtEiin evidence. lu 1315 (8 Edw. II) 
it appears in Rymer"*^ as one of a long list of religious houses 
from which various sums were required to aid the king in a 
war with Scotland — Robertsbridge having to furnish £40. 
Dnring the reign of Henry IV (a.d. 1399-1413), a similar 
demand was made, as we gather from a supplicatory letter 
written by the abbot to the king's coimcil, in answer to one 
which he had received from Simon Blakeboume, Serjeaut-at- 
Arms, conveying the king's commands.^ The sum demanded 
is not mentioned ; but the abbot strenuously pleads extreme 
poverty on behalf of himself and his brethren,^^ which rendered 
them utterly unable out of their own resources to satisfy the 
royal demands. He promises however to do his best to raise 
the money among his foreign friends, so far as his credit could 
go,''* and transmit it for the king's use, 

A royal pardon of 14 Henry VI {July 17, 1436) acquits 
the abbot not only of all infringements of the statute law of 
which an upright man might unintentionally be guilty, but of 
other gross crimes which we cannot suppose that he had 
committed, but which were then» I presume, included as 
words of course in instruments of this natiu'e. " All kinds of 
robberies, murders, rapes of women, rebellions, insurrections, 
fdonies, conspiracies/* &c., are among the offences condoned, 



^ Mi«n9nd'» Dark Agra, j\ 370, Mr. 
Biwiuw Ima Hlready in'rodtiwd this rikw- 
doto lo tho notice of Siisafi ArchiEolo- 
eiBta I but I OBunot iMfnuD &D]n TDcntioii' 

ing it Ki*ro in connection wltb our " icm 
inoognita." 

^ FiBfJpra, ill, 513. 

^ This ii a paper dooument, No. 3871, 
in tho Chapter lloufle, comnmnicated bj 
Mr Elaauw, Tt ii* witlioiit dati? of jear; 
but, OB BIatkbum*B nimu owur* in 
otlior dnltfd dutumeiila of Bimilar uhuao- 



Ut in Uw reign of Honrj TT, it must haTu 
been written during the porioj abore 
aeeJgDcd. 

** Be Epcaka of thota OS ^'anfiDtu, 

arrerw, et impororiB," " par lea granM et 
importable* ooatagea " thty bad been put 
to- 

** "Selonp k poair do mon rAet^ Mmw." 
For (Lis word see Jacob in verb, and 
Svngf-jj Afck, ColUciiom, VIT, p. 66, 



^rOTlCSB OF THE A3B£T OP ROBERTSBRIDOE. 



181 



" provided tliey were committed prior to September 2, in the 
tenth year*' of this kbigs reigu. 

Several licenacs occur, granted (probalily with raore reason) 
by Edw. II ic UOO, and by Edward III in 1332, for iiifrac- 
tions of the law of mortmain, and autliorising the convent to 
acfjuirc lands and tenomenta to the value of £100 a year, in 
consideration of thL^ great losses it hud Buatained by inunda- 
tions of the sea in the mEtrsh-lands of Rie, Wynchelsej and 
Bronihi!) ; and apeeinlly allo^ving tlieni to become possessed, 
tlirongh the gift of William de Eehinghani,^^ of the churches 
of Salherst, Odynierc, and Mundefeld, then valued at fifty 
marks annually, in pEirt satisfaction of the £100 land and rents 
above allowed. 

These churches, with two carucates of land called Dadilond 
in Yweherste, were attached to the prebend of Salehurst in 
the colkgiflte church of St. Mary at Hastings, founded by 
Henry Earl of En, in the reign of Henry the First. The col- 
lef^e consisted of a dean or warden, and several secular canons. 
Being at first in the patronage of the Earls of Eu, it fell into 
the king's hands with the barony of Hastings, and was thence- 
forth considered as a royal free chapel, in which the canons 
were appointed by the crown. Sir William of Echingham's 
grant occasioned at first some collision of interests between 
the abbot and the prebendary for the time being ; and one 
Vinccntius, who appears to have held the stall of Salehurst, 
formally agrees to relinquish his claim to the lands " called 
Badilond in Yweherste," which formed the body of his 
prebend, upon certain conditions. To remove difficulties, 
several royal mandates of Edward II and Edward III were 
issued, and covenants were made between the college and 
the abbot. 

At chapters held by Walter dc Lindregges in 1337i and 
afterwards by John Wade (in 1344), his successor in the 
wardenship, these mandates were read and acquiesced in j 



" Th]« inan*fi son and hHr, SlmDn do 

EchiDghttm, gnintod to the monks of 
SotwrlHbridge dl that \fftU*ivourBe be- 
Itteeii hia fw of Snlaliursl and O^bam. 

and B pi^>pertj wbich had beiii granlwl 
lo thoiu bj tn UDoeator of hia of tcio umo 

viir^ 



imnH (iemp. Him. ITT), but had Binw 
been in dispute (eoe Dugd. Uaronngp, ii, 
GO) i and ilso thi^ fishery (piaiTuniun) 
wKifh lh«y btild of tha h.olf% of llobert 
d*j RuundLii at the jcairly n*nt oj throe 
pence^ (Hajlej OoUauliona^ f. T4.) 

21 



162 



NOTICES OF THE ABBEY OP KOBERTSBRIDGE. 



and it was fiually resolved tiiat the Abbot of Robertabridge 
and Ilia successors should bave, as the king retjulred, a stall as 
canon in the choir oF thtir cburcb^ and u. ^lace in their chapter, 
in virtue of his prebend of Salchurst. At the same time, pro- 
vislou was made for the payment of vicara for the several 
cbarchca annexed to the probends^ out of a commou fund | 
appropriated for that purpose. It ia not without interest to ' 
know that Thoniaa a BeckeH was once dean or warden of this 
college at Hastings. The chapel appears to have stood within 
the precincts of the castle, where some small remains of it may 
yet be seen. .^H 

Notwithstanding its early losses, the revenue of our monas- ^ 
tery was not inconsiderable. Pope Nicholas' Taxation (a.d. 
1291) shows it to have then been estimated at £109. 4j. 2d.-, 
and four years before it was surrendered to the king (30 
Hen. VIII), it was found to be £272. 9#. 

In the interim we have, among the documents preserved at 
Penshurst, a eoniplete aecount of receipts and eitpenditurc for 
the year ending 25th Mareh 141S (5 & 6 Hen. V), as rendered 
in quarterly periods by John Othewy (Ottaway), the convent 
bursar. From this we find that the actual receipts for that 
year were £108. 13^. 7Jrf., whilst the expenses amounted to 
£122. 10*. S^f/., showing an excess of expenditure above 
income of £13. Ifi^. S^o', But, as in the preceding year he 
bad left a balance in hand of £H. 13j< lir/., we must not 
conclude that this unfavourable financial statement conveys a 
fair impression of the bui'sar's management. It will be 
observed that the income in 1418, contrary to one's natural 
CApectatiou, falls a little short of what it was in 1291, not- 
withstanding any acquisitions of property iu the intervening 
period. This no doubt must be explained by the repeated 
damages sustained by its lands near the scacoast. In the 
estimate for Pope Nicholas' Taxation it tuay also have hap- 
pened that Buffiei;;nt allowance was not made for the real 
detriment occasioned by the storm of 12S7- 

From this statement of accounts I will only give one quar- 
ter's receipts complete, as showing the soarccs of the con- 
ventual revenue ; and a selection from the expenditure of such 
items as are curious, either as indicating the prices of co 



NOTICES OP TIIF. ABBEY t>F R0BERT8DRIDGE, 



lOS 



luodities in those daya, or tliiowmg light upon the habits of 
the times. 

From Cliristraaa-day 1417, to Lady-day 141Sj the receipts 
were as follows : — 



From Lambcrhorat (rent of land and miUs) 
Woderove*' .... 

Madrcabotii (in Bcckle^) 
Wertbe (in Brightling), 
Po3ayng:wert!ie (in WalJron)- 
Odyliam ...... 

Fotber {atiaa Fothennerabe, in Becklev) . 
Iha Park Tannt-rj- (Tannnria Je Park) , 
Popeshurst (in Salehunt nud Moiiutlield) 
WyiJinmfordc {alias Wjcliam, in BriglitliQg) 
Odymere (I'ddiiiitr) .... 

PcplL^sham (iti Bcxliill) . 
Mondefeld (Mmintfield) 

rent of houet-lenonta at Wodcrove . - . . 

Master William ilie prical,** for liis tabic between the 

Nativity of our Lord and the end of Easter . , 



a quarter's n;nt 
rijtto 
ditto 
ditto 
ditto 
ditto 

auto 

ditto 
ditto 
ditto 
do. & Ga. ^J. orrcora 
ditto 



J. 



3 

13 

13 

U 



16 
U 

9 




4 
4 

B 

a 

B 

1 
Q 



n 

n 



n 10 a 



£21 5 Gl 



Besides their rents, certain casual sources of income are 
inserted in these accounts, of wliich the last item above is an 
instanccp Other instances are — 

From Sir Roger ffenya (Fiennea) for y quartera of wlieat , ,114 
„ sale of two horsra . . . , . . . 1 13 4 

tj the Lady of Eodyham, for the picoe of land called freymcd 

(frinr'a mead) , . , . . . . ,010 

„ Mafltcr pet^r Icvpiych, rector of Adelborg,** for one montb, 

and Ilia Bervauts . . . . , . .16 3 

with various other sums for copsewood, timber, pasturage, &c. 
sold to different individuals. For this reason^ and because 
some of tho rents were paid half-yearly and others quarterly^ 
the quarter's income vanes considerably in amount. 

■^ WoodroreiBinthepiuifthrfEbenDy, wheat, 10 m. of bAi-ley, S buAhclB of 

OxnBv liuiidred : next to Rohertiibridffe, muBlard-ftftM, 120t* rwdi, nnd tlie iecping 

it wnn tlic-ir mriBl TnlLintib mani^r. Tn of thF«« hnnoifromlhefeflr^l of ^KGeATga 

26 Hearj VIll, the abbot and caziTflnI (A[ir]| 23) to Uint of AQ Sninls (Nor, ]), 

dtTDUwd tUiB manor wilh ita appiirie' Alter Ibe aidnffySf it paBatii llirougli 

nancM nnd rojnlli?^, int-luding th« bwiiih vnrioufl biuidft, till it cuno to the Loidt 

and cygnr-ts on ita waten, to Edir«rd Lc De^punavr. 

GoilfFi'j of Apnldore, for thirlj J««ra) itt " Thne aitDOT t« have t»eri BqjalimBT* 

* jearlf rent of £5. 1S#. Ad^, 10 qn* of at ths abbe ^"ir boeird. 



or ROBBftTSBRIDQB. 



\ufehiMl ^ ftwifc 'rf V l ^ mUbmt, tke fullowing ar^ some of 



>ttMM(:- 



^fctirifctti lihtty.-hwpmgio 



£ «. </. 



^-' 




^^ 



ctc^quvter) 13 



U. 



^Ub VAVVM v4 ^ Vbk>4 <fg>wtfaiilp, knd to tlic 1cing*« 
«i^I^Cm^|II»JMimv<v^^ 

^^^KtVi* \>*w? (IW bumr) to Wyiiol,rl«i 
^Jt^C^ IV^ ^^ •wapmK « labourer, for iy Jnya 

VwM\^ ^tf ttw abbot 

'. ^^iirt[i|n'nbuB Xii) 
. . ;^ 4^i&rtcr ; LD eaoli of the other 



5 4 



11 

1 10 

] 







1 

7 



8 
6 


9"ll 
3 » 






551.'^' 






5 

4 

9 10 

3 3 

13 

14 4 



jsjt VjVBrfra w lUtktff utio Um IbIa of Oxuj. 



NOTICES OF TUB ABBBT 0\t ROBERTdBRIDGB. 

£ a. d. 
Fourteen yards of " blanckel *' bought fnr the abbot . , 1 Ifi 

Seven ytirJs of "faldyng" bought for ditto - < .068 

Green clolL bought hy the Kector of hawkbcrat . , . 1 10 fi 
1 lb> of cinnamon and " gnlunga " (somfl kind of Indian spice) .031 
WiD-SncpprlSiiapeJforcovenngthewellofthecauseway (*'calccti") 6 
For beU-olapptrs ^ and other iron impkmcut^ (*'plectria et aliia 

femimcnlis*') - * 

One bushel of musiurd^sced (I bz de scmiiie Oenapij) . . S 

GiTf!n to the Rector of Ywhuret 6 8 

A horse bought of John Corsle . . . . .110 1 

Pay ofehepberd (" opilioniB") at TjBehnretd, n-ith repaire of the 

fold there 15 10 

Mending saddles and bridles, with new stirrups *' (alygerophis) .046 
'^Siuaia"^* bought for my Lord Archbishop and other gneets . S 
Given to the Ld. Archbishop's cooVa - < . ■ .034 

The abbot's eipenaes to Wodcrove Jind. Boiley , . 12 4 

Uending bam at Madreabam 3 4 

Poidoff from theaccount of Jobc Whiton,**ceUarer,nnno8 HertV 8 17 8 
Ditto from Llie accoimt of Wm. Balayle, btirsar . . 1 It 

Bjtto diUo of TboB, St^ne, aub-cellarer . . ,509 

GilbCTt hamioea' pension (foT a half year) . , , . 6 S 
Shoca ^' bought for i^s, and for tbe abbot . . 14 6 

For mating towella" 4 

Paper bought for Ibc audit {p temp' compoti) - . .004 

Wine and " sinsia" bought for ShroTe-tide,^ and for gueata .067 

Necessaries for my lord Abbot 8 8 

Given to the brethren of Rye, the servants of Sir John Pelhnm» 

and other vbitora 3 10 

Expenses of Henry Wybtle (hod. '* Whibbley") and Thoa. Stokkcr 

to \VyncheUe and Odymer at different times - .032 

Mending messuages at B[>lEard . . , , 2 3 10 

Oneempty pipe (pipa) bought of Thoa. Ketyl. h . » Z 

Collecting Toda and "w-ytbys" 1 

Serge (or coara^ doth) for the liaJ] ^' . . ' . .008 

Paid the auhcellarer for the tablti of Master William tbe prJeat .034 
Stipend of Stephen Ion, shepherd at Tjseliurstc . . .0100 

***TbflglosBarialnwBnuieof**plcclrQm,'* *• *'8olutiiin de pede cooipoli," appa- 

Hz, B cotkrpar^ hardl}' coniiflU vilh t]io reatl^ the balimt:« of an ouUUndiitg oc- 

gm¥itj of uxilusLuaticfl. I havo iherefbre couut. 

preferred to [ransIatA it na abovo, ^ ^^In caltiollii OEDi>tit ad dona et pro 

*^ FromtlBSftion '*Btignn,'Mo mount, ahbate "—probably for ** caJi?ftiliV" <^ 

and *'rAp," & ropo. (Vide Junius, Ctjm. "^ oalDumentia/' 

Angl. s. '^Btirrop." OuiSusbci rapet arc *• *'Iii manut'gijft fact" — Manatorgiom 

coDjucturad to Wo derived their ixarae — togilla cum qu» tergitiu" manua. — Vrt. 

from a rough ifii>de of meaiLiritig Eaiid bj Oloiflr 

ropfli, aa now bj chttina. ^ *' CftrnipriviuiQ " — Shrovp-Tuosdnv, 

*• X'hiB (luUcBcy I cannot identifr* It tha Ust day on whieh fleah nught be 

ifl charged alru ui the ncrt qunrtor on a eatpn — ohserved ba n fiHtivnl. 

feaet-daj, ^ It ma; ba a miflrcading frotn ^' *' In aagii eraptU pro aula," 
a couiraction of tenina^ cervmOj tioor — 
or ptiT-hapB iC vraa ginger. 



» - 



164 



NOTICES OF TBE ABBEY OF ROBEfiTSBBIDGE, 




lurcclgrTH Iluh«tibiid)t0. 



Among the items of expenditure^ the following are some of 
the most remarkable : — 



Proviftiou for the PommoTi tfiMo nnrl for lio^piljilify, " In rompnnng:io 

coQTentus et hospitii" (tbt- regiilnr clinrge for each quarter) 

For clolhing of eight monks for the ^venr [this occurs half-yearly, 

in two Bunis oT £3. 80. 4,d. und £2. l%9.] 
Given lo the -lervfint of the Abl>ol of Stratfofdp, and to the Idng^a 
Talet3 (valettifl Joniiui rep;i8) ..,,,,' 
For ODC speclook, with ij was-li^liU (cerU) , , > . 
The cTtpenaea o( Brother John Otlewy (the bursar) to Wynclielse 
The pny of Win. Bycho (Bieh ?) apparently n labourer, for iy days 
Pension paid to the castle of Ilftfltinga (half-yearly) . 
For pewter veesclls [" pewt wesaell ") bought of John Becrt 
One horse bought of John Anerly for the ahbot , , , 

The abbot's cxpenacs to ChichoBtor nod Smalydo*' 
Given to the poor brettren of Christ (pauperibua Xli) 

[Thia charge occiira in every tpjarter ; in ench of the other 
three it is U.] 
For ij pipes of wipe ,-.,-,,. 
A. brief praeurcjl for the rector of Warbylton 
GiA'cn to his clerk, the kind's meagcnger, and others . 
To the reapeis of the niJinor . . . . . . 

Kepaid lo the Hub-ecllnrer for bacon sold {"pro bacon wndiio") . 
" In rata '* of oxir Lord the Popc» for ij yeara . , - > 



£ ff. 


d. 


13 





6 


4 


3 


U 


1 


1 





7 


1 





1 A 


B 


n 


S 


] 10 





1 b" 


11 


3 


6 


5 





4 


(1 


9 


10 


B 


3 


13 


fl 


U 


4 



• SmnlUiylh, a bnmh't belonging io 
T«ni«Td«i, vherv IB A paaaoge dtct the 



Rother into tho Idc of Omf^. 



* • 




NOTICES OF THR ABBEY OK RO BE RTd BRIDGE. 



Fourtoen yarils of '* blancltei ** bought for the ahbol _ 

Sevpu yortls of " falJynp" bought for ditto 

Grctn cJotli bought by the RpcLor of Lowkherst 

} lb. of cinnaitson and " ^unga*' (some km4 of Indian spice) 

Win,STieppf;(Snnpe)forcoveTing the well of the couscwajr ("calmti") 

For beil-clflpp«ra ^ md other iron implDmcnta f* plectris «t aliia 

FemiiDpntis ") , . , . . . . 

One buAhel of miistard-aeed (1 bz de semiac Oeitapij) . . 
Oiyen to tte Bcdor of ^whurat ...... 

A horet bought of John Corslc ,,..,. 1 
Pqj of shepherd f ' opiliotiis") at Tysehuiatfi, with TQipairs of the 

fold there 

Memling aeddles and bridles, with new stirrups ^^ (stygerophb) . 

* Sinsia" ^' bought for my Lnrd Archbishop and other giieal* . 

Given to the Ld. ArchbishopS cooks 

The abbot's cJtpc^nses to Woderove and Boiley 

blfuding bAru at Mtidreahairi 

Piucl otr from the oocount of John Whiton^*^ celhirer, anno 3 Ilea. V 

Ditto from the ocoount of Wm, Batayle, bursar 

Ditlo ditto of Thos. Stone, sub-cellarer 

GUlxrrt hEUomcs' pcuAion (fcr n half year) 

Sho4^^* bought for gifts, imd for the abbot 

For making towclls *' . 

Paiicr bought for the audit (p temp' compotj) 

WuiB and ''ainsia" bought for Shiove-tide,^ and foi 

Nfloesauica for my lord Abbot . . . 

GiTen to the brethreQ of Rye, the aervantfl of Sir John Pelham, 

and other visiton 

Expenses of Hcary Mybble [bod. "Whibbley") and Thoa. Stokker 

Ui IfTyiichclw; mid Odynicr at diflcreitt tiinca . . 

Hending mesfluagca at Bokard ...,,,& 
One empty pipe (pipa) bought c^ Thoa. Ketyl . . , . 

CoHecting rods ud '' v,^h\s " 

Scr^ (or ooane cloth) for the hall « . ' . , 

Pnidihe soboeUarer for 1 he table of Master William the prie«t - 
Stipend of Stepht^u Ion, sbepherd at l^aehorste . . 



1C5 

a. d. 

16 D 

6 8 

10 A 

Z \ 

a 

4 

2 

6 8 

10 I 

15 10 



gaeals 



4 
S 
3 

n 





4 

3 4 
17 B 

li 

g 

e 3 

u « 



t s 
3 in 

S 2 

a in 
% 



1 


8 

10 



' Dipglui— jkl nuMiiuig vf ** plcttnua,** 

tfL • wS jg ai', li«idl J ooniiita with kha 
tiiihj rf fnrtiMiMtirn Ihat«tb«n6jm 
^j ibJ U i' I i J 111 ■■■imliln it ■•■1k7t& 

ind "np^" An»p«. (Firfc Jumoi^ Ktyn. 

conyMtand to MW derirvd tikair BMne 
from ■ rnn^li fciilnnf iiiMniiii^hiTlij 

tert^y. ' It mm§ ba a aind^ fron 
a conMrtioa of a^r^i'da, wrwWt, boar — 
or poriup* It w** ffi<«<*- 



^ "SolutDin dft pedfl DompvCi,*' BppB* 
TCotlj the balvifc of ia ootrtanding •> 

^ " Is TiilrrUM «D ptia id dima fA pro 
abbaEa"— probaUy for *'eaL«obi/* or 



iJMlifj- It 



M «Iaiiiitm'CT*ftrt"^MaartflaM i 
— togOla evm q<ia tcrgitor maovi. — VA ^ 
Glow. 

" * Chn up wgi am "— ghrorg^'TtitaJiy^ 
tiia but dar oa vUdi flirii nbl (• ' 
■ <4iTaJ ^ a fcidfj, ^^ 

■r * b i^ 4Mptk pro adb.-* 



188 



NOTICES OF THE ABBET OP ROB EETS BRIDGE. 



Acconling to the annie aiitliority, "Glassye borowe." in the 
parislit's of Bockley and Pcasniarsh, was parcel of the manor 
of Robertsbridge ; aa also Holmesherst in Burwash, containiJig 
eleven tenementa. 

In tracing the property of thia abbey, I have received much 
aid from a MS. account of the estate of the Rij!:ht Hon. Sir 
Henry Sidney, Knight of the Garter and Lord President of 
Wales in the time of Queen Elizabeth. As it is noted in a 
meniorandimi afterwards made, that Sir Henry died in 1590, 
the date of this MS. is probably a few years earlier. His 
daughter Maiy was married to Heniy Earl of Pembroke, a 
lady rendered famous by the " Arcadia," which her brother 
Sir Pbilip wrote for her amusement at Wilton, during Ijis 
compulsory fieclusion at that seat of hifi brother-in-law, the 
penalty of his challenge to Lord Oxford. Being corrected by 
Lis yister, it acquired the title of "The Countess of Pembroke's 
Arcadia/' Bnt, however famous in its day, that work will 
scarcely now confer upon her so much celebrity as she has 
permanently gained by Ben Jonson's noble epitaph, with 
which her fame is impcrishably united.*^ This MS. com- 
mences with a schedule of lands appropriated by Sir Henry 
for his daughter's jointure, and contains a very exact and 
detailed account of many portions of his estate. A doubt has 
been entertained whether that portion which formerly belonged 
to the abbey of Robertsbridge was or was not included in tliis 
jointure. If it were so, the circumstance woidd be singular; 
for in my notice of Michelham Priory I had occasion to record 
that the endowments of that ancient foundation, about a cen- 
tury later, formed part of the jointure of another Countess of 
Pembroke, Anne Clifford, a woman scarcely less celebrated, 
and perhaps personally more remarkable, than Mary Sidney .^'^ 
Be this however as it may, as a minute and faithful record of 



*" Thoae'i *o ^^ knovm, yet, since it 
ii alio fiH uniTfrBollj and deeervedJ; ad' 

miFodi th« grtitler members of our Sraripty 
Bt leul wiW perLaps forgJTo me for bring' 
ing it onoe more to their reiNjUection ^ 

UadcmonEh iUis sablo IioirAC 
liM IIlq eubjer-t of ilU xenc. 



Sydi\efa eiAtori PfTmbroko's mother. 
JJentti ! ere tliou Imat elam anothOT, 
Learned, &ip, nnd gond aa ihe^ 

Tima nhaU throv a dui at Ihoe. 
^ StMOf Arch. Collectioftt, VI, 161. 



NOTICES OF THK ABBEV OF HOBFRTS BRIDGE, 



169 



tlie abbey property at no great distance of time froiu its sup- 
pression^ it is a relic of considerable interest. Fairly written, 
and in excellent couditiou, it has fortunately falluii into the 
bandit of Mr, Lower, a gentleman who w ell kJiows how to appre- 
ciate its wurth and ensure its preservation. Other omuurs and 
tenements than those of our abbey arc mentioned in it, one 
of which^ " Ilyalden,"^ a capital mansion " containing within 
the mote ij acres," deserves perhaps a passing remark as in- 
volving a rcminisceiice of the hero of ZutpLcu. The tenant, 
William Blount, holds the game, mill, and herbage of the pork 
of lialden, which park is inclosed with pale, and contains five 
ponds, viz, ; — 



My laclye's ponde, next to the mylne 
My lorde's ponde, next the same . 
Afr, Pliiliip's ponde, next the same 

Mr. Robert's 

Mr. Thomas', next the same 



nj acres 
iiij acres 
j acre 
\ an acre 
^ an acre 



In connection with the large ponds common in these parts 
of Kent and Sussex, I find French names both of persons and 
lands, indicating the fact of artificers of that nation having 
taken part in the manufacture of iron, for which the weald 
was once so famous."^ The following reservation, appended 
to a list of " demcane lands of Robertsbridge '* let to various 
tenants, touches upon the same subject i- — "Tlie lorde of the 
Bttidc manor holdith in his ownc handea The Yron fibrge with 
certeiu of the demeanes called the ffurnace ponds conteyning 
xiiij aerea overflowed, the fforg-pond conteyning ix acres 
overflowed, with the profytt and flcllinge of ail the M'ood 
lyahle to the same." So in a lease of the demesne lands 
of the manor of Lamberhurst, a like reservation is made 
of the woods, underwoods, and trees, with liberty (for llio 
lord) to fell, cole, and carry away the same, the lessee being 
allowed to " take sufiieient honsbote, plowbote, wayuebote. 



*> This must not be confounded with 
HiKlillaUli^iiibt-iiiu ■ laajiQT in the poriftb 
of RoUendwi. Tne Iioubc and grounds 
#CTO otico m the oooutiatiDD of Eiug 

llctiiy Vin, -nho miutci Sir John Dukcr, 
liifl ATl-omey-Ountrdl, Iteepw of hie pork, 
garden, waUra, fiflhmra, tc, Ix wm 



aflenrnrds granted by Quwn Klizabel h to 
Sir Uuiirj Sidne^'H ]lii]d<<n-]jJm'<.' Las Jong 
since boen du|mrkcd, and is now ncitbing 
mare thnn & targa faniiLciuw. 

" Vide Shwj; Arch. CoUtclwHs, 11, 
p. 183, &<r. 

12 



170 



NOTICES 0? THE ABBEY OF KOBERTSBKlDGfi, 



and hedgbote/' i. e. wood enough for his hearth, ploughs, 
waggons, and hedges. 

The families of Allfrey and Stonestrcct, now nearly related, 
and the former owning the site aud manor, appear as tenants 
in this record. Rycharde AUfray has three distinct copy- 
holds, and William Stonestrete ten. Tbc former also is said 
to "hold in fferme, by indenture dated in the lOth yeere of 
Elizabeth, certeync demeane landes," at the annual rent of 
vij pounds i and the latter held in like manner "the glene" 
(glen) and other parts of the demesnes at a rent of 
\jU. xiijfi. iiijrf. 

That part of the abbey property which passed to the Sidneys 
appears from theae papers to have been retained by them Idl 
the beginning of the eighteenth century, when it was pur- 
cbaaed by a Mr, Sambrooke. Its rental in 1631 is repre- 
sented to have been £965- 11^, 4f/- By Mr. Sambrooke it 
was afterwards sold to Sir Godfrey Webster. The site and 
lands adjacent are now the property of Edward Allfrey, Esq. 

From the deetls subjected to my inspection, and a few 
other soiirees, I have lieen enabled to glean the names of nine 
ahljots, in addition to the five (marked *) which are given io 
the MonadicQii. 



ABBOTS OF BOBEETSBEIDGE. 

KonyBiUB — probably the first nLbol . . . about 1 184 ' 

•ftilliam — intutioiied eho in the Pensliurst MSS. , , 1197 

Joliu — nflcrwartb prior of Boilej (Mmi, v, 450) . . in 1S16 

WaltCT , 1S6X 

Ttiomaa (Plac dc Quo War. S51, £1 Edw. I) . . . 1993 

Robert about 1300 

Nicholaa 1320 

•iUfln 1327 

Ji>bu 1340 

•DionyaJufi . . , > 1400 

JoLn UIO 

Jolm— not llie sitnie, for iu 1417-18 tbc abbot ia spoken of qb 

" nuper defuiicti'* 1436 

•John GooUwiu ,,.,,,,,, 1E07 

Tliomas Tajler 1534 

By the kindness of Mr. Bcllingham I am able to exhibit 
the Abbot's "Privy Seal/' It is engraved from a drawing by 
Howktt, taken in 183r>, from a seal of green wax attached to 



NOTICES or THE ABT 



O? ROBrafSBBTDGE. 



171 



a dateless deed of the fourteenth century. Of tlie seal the 
legend, is " SIgnum Abbntis Dc Ponte Roberti/' of llie re- 




seal, "Signiim Secrefi " The use of "Signnm" for Sigillum" 
is noticeable as unusual, though not without other cxaniples : 
hence our word "Signet." 

Thomas Tayler, the last abbot, surrendered his abbey to the 
king on the Gth of April 1539, when there was granted to him 
a pension of £50 a year, with small annual allowances to the 
monks, varying, it would aeera, accoriling to their offices and 
seniority.*^ The latter are said to have been eight in number 
at the dissolution, although Bishop Turner, upon the autliority 
of a MS. in the hbrary of Corpus Christi College, Cambrid^^e, 
alleges that there were twelve. We have seen that in 1417 
there were eight, and the probability is that this was the 
ordinary number, 

A few years ago there were several monumental remains 
lying about, which have since been unfortunately lost or 
destroyed. For drawings, preserving the forms of these, I 
have to thank the zeal and kindness of Mr. Lower. The 
woodcuts exhibit a fieuried cross raised on a slab, and also 
the indent of a brass, in which the central portion of an (elegant 
cross was probably occupied by the Virgin and Child. Besides ' 



•■In 1BE3, Tajbr wm li 
TBceipt of hJ8 penabn. A* 
TUotna^ Spmt, WUiuiQ h 



'-£6.13r.4d., £G, add 



172 



NOTICES OP THE ABBKY OP ROBEltTSDRIDGE. 



these, there was a fragmental stone inscribed in ancient cha- 
lacters, JfU jacft ^ills Br 33oD.&c.,api)arently one of the 





Bodiam family ; and also a carved fragment of a stone sliield. 
bearing two fleurs de Ha above a leopard s face. There are 




FtlhHTD A rnii. 



NOTICES OF THE ADDRi: OF KOnERTSBRIDOE. 



173 



also in voL III, Stmew JrcL Collertiom, pp. 213, 231, ii, 9, 
vroodcuts Qf stonca bearing the Pelhnm buckle, and anus, 
from <Irftwing9 of Mr, Lower> Some of 
these may pcrliapa have reference to the 
Sir John Pelham whom we have seen to 
bo a visitor at the ahboy iu 141Sj and 
who by a will dated February 8, 1429, 
directed bis body to be buried in 
Robertsbridge Abbey .^ Another frag- 
ment from Robortsbridge niny also be 
found ill \\\^Curiosiiiesi}f Heraldry.^. 141, 
an angel supporting a shield, oany, in 
chief three escallapa. 

Several tiles have been discovered among the ruins, hear- 
ing the arms of Warenne, Echingham, Lewknor, Ilarcourt. and 
others : one of which, lately presented to the British Muaeum 
by the Rev. Dr. Wrench, I have the pleasure of exhibiting as 
a specimen to my readers in the annexed engraving. 




^P 



AnnoriaJ T^- 



The abbey of Robertsbridge was thrice honoured hy a 
king's presence : having been visited, November 22, 1295, hy 
Edward I, during a short atay at Winchelsea; and again on the 
8th August 1297; also by Edward II, in his way from Bayham 

to Rattle, on the 27th August 1324 The latter monarch, an 
epicurean in taste, feasted (is has been recorded in these 

» Shimt ArA. CollectUmM^ IIT, 319. 



174 



NOTICES OF THE ABBEY OF KO3ERTSBRID0E. 



CoUections)^ upon the good things which on such occasiona 
flowed in from the neighbouring gentry and clergy in aid of 
the convent larder Beeves, pike and other freshwater fish, 
swans and heroQS, cheese, wine, and ale, were among the 
dainties wherewith kings in those days were regaled : his own 
fruit (of which he seems to have been particularly foud), with 
spices, sugar, and other delicacies not attainable in country 
retirements, followed the second Edward during his travels 
from place to place. Monasteries were then the statiotia of a 
royal progress, as the houses of tbe nobility at a later period. 

The abbots of this house appear to have been held in high 
estimation, and to have ehai'ed largely the royal confidence, if 
we may judge from the incidental mention with which we 
meet of their being eent on foreign missions and otherwiBe 
employed in business of moment. 

About the end of the twelfth century. Abbot William, with 
his brother of Boxley, went to Rome on the part of Hubert 
Archbishop of Canterbury, to obtain the Pope s settlement of 
the disputes between the primate and the monks of Canter- 
buiy» 

October 30. 1222 (7 Henry III) the king's treasurer is 
ordered to pay 10 marks to tbe Abbot of Robertsbridge, and 
40 to Master William de S^ Albino, for going as the king's 
messengers to Poitou, {Hot. Claus. i, 518.) Again, 26 May 
1224, fifty marks arc ordered to be paid to the Abbots of 
Robertsbridge and Boxley for gomg on the king's business to 
the court of Rome. (lb. 528,) Several payments are also ordered 
for persons sent to Robertsbridge with messages from the 
crown; and simUar paymenta will he observed in the extracts 
before givcn{atp.lC4)from the bursar's accounts in 1417. But 
the most remarkable instance is that recorded by llovcden,^ 
which certainly relates to a very memorable portion of English 
history. That writer tells us, that in the latter end of 1192, 
when it was rumoured that King Richard I had been made a 
prisoner in his return from the Holy Land, the Abbots of 
Robertsbridge and Boxley ^ were the lords justices sent into 



"i' 9ao Mr. BWuVh Rojal Jouraeyi in 
£luee«i, ia vab- \\ and vi, 

•• Pp. 72a, 725, 

^ TliiB muit huTe beon our flnt Dio- 
iijBiiu : the natne of llw Abbot of Boiloy 



i# not motitionfid in the MoDHBlieoB- 
Botweon thcne tvo CiBtarciaa housefl there 
■eema to havo beon froquCDt intarcourw. 
See Iho jtmrnera of the abbot and monka 
otpp, l66andlG6. 



NOTICES Of THE ABBEY OF BOBERTSBHEDOE. 



175 



Germany to asccrtmn the place of liis detention. Some ac- 
couiitg state that Richard, after having been first imprisoned 
by Tjeopold Duke of Austria in the castle of Durrenstein on 
the Dantibcj was subsequently confined by the emperor in tlie 
castle of Trifels, perched on a craggy eminence of the Voagea 
mountains immediately above the little town of Annweiler. 
After traversing great part of Germany, the abbots at last 
met with him at a village called Oxcfer in Bavaria, on his way 
to an audience i\ith the emperor to be held on Palm Suiulay, 
They were present at the agreement concluded between the 
emperor and king on the Thm-sday before Easter, 1193, and 
soon after returned to England, bringing with them the terms 
of this convention. 

It is on record also that the abbot and convent of Roberts- 
bridge were employed to collect from the clergy of the arch- 
deaconry of Lewes the subsidy granted in 1380 to Kicharil 
the SccondJ'^ 

With the exception of the foregomg particulars, all that 
concerned the monks of Robertsbridgc is buried in oblivion ; 
nor is it likely that we have lost much by the absence of 
further records, the occupations of cloister life being few and 
monotonous, and unconnected with ihe pursuits and deeds 
which claim public attt^ution. Indeed the memory of this 
house aud the honours of its abbots have faded into dim 
obscurity, aud both are wcllnigh forgotten. Where the 
solemu straina of dirgea and masses were formerly heard, 
silence now reigns unbroken ; and within once-hallowed walls, 
sacred employments have given place to secular. "Yet of such 
institutions it is well not altogether to lose sight, for in their 
day they were valuable and useful, and to reflecting minds 
the remembrance of them must ever be full of interest. When 
we survey their venerable remains, we are reminded of their 
great merit in mitigating the barbarity of nide and ignorant 
ages, in keeping alive the lamp of Icomlng amiclat surround- 
ing darkness, aud promoting a knowledge of the practical arts. 
In some of these, as, for instance, Architecture, they will not 
easily be surpassed. If owover open in some n!specls to objec- 
tion, it must be admitted that the power of the cler'" ^^at 
time the sole depositaries of book knowledge, an'' 

T^ SHMeiB Arch. Caution*, V. SSC 



17G 



NOTICES OF TUE ABUKT OF RODERTS BRIDGE. 



an undefined autliority from the nature of their |}i^feHBion — - 
liad a salutary effect in checking the warlike ferocity and social 
tyranny of the middle ages. The system however has passed 
away with the eircumstances whieh gave it birth; and its 
restoration could not now he in the same degree in harmony 
with the feelings of society, when the laity are as well educated 
as tile clergy, and wlien active duties are preferred to ascetic 
retirement. To attempt now the revival of the monastic 
Bysteru would be as hopelcsa an uudt^rtaking aa to resuscitate 
the defunct spirit of chivalry, or to organize a new series of 
the Crusades. A busier, and in some respects {let us hope) 
a wiser, age demands imperatively our participation in thej 
ordinary engageuicnts of life, and allows to no class of mcnJ 
an entire exemption. 




LufcrBiM^ 



BUNCTON. 

THE GEANT OF PART OB A WOOD m CEALTBOEGSTEAL BY 

EALDWULF. nEEETOGA OF THE SOUTH 8AX0KS, DATED 

FEOU THE HU'L OP BIQHCHA^POUNE, a.]i. 791. 

BY W, H. BLAAUW, ESQ.. M.A,, F.S.A. 



As the early condition of Sussex during the ages which 
succeeded its well-known conquest by Jilla and Cissa, in the 
tiftli century, however interesting, has been Uttle adverted to, 
it may be well to call atteation to some documents still extant, 
although not much consTdted, and which contain grants of land 
to the church from South Saxon chieftains in the seventh and 
eighth centuries. They will afford ua some explanation of the 
manner in which the territory was then occupied and governed, 
and may illualrule, by their local ap[>hcatit>n, the masterly 
sketches of the general history of those times, on which the 
learniog of Lappenberg and Kemble ^ have thrown so much 
recent light. 

It 13 stated by Lappenberg (i, 248), that " the importance 
of the kingdom of Sussex had been only due to the personoi 
character of /Ella, the first Bretwalda of Anglo-Saxon traditionj 
and to the valour of its rugged inhabitauts. As it had not 
been converted to Christianity, and had therefore no literary 
ecclesiastics to record even the names of its rulers, it sank 
Boon after the death of that prince into a state bordering on 
nonentity. They WL*re the vassals sometimes of Wcssex, 
sometimes of Mercia, Although j-Ethelweulh, the first 
Christian king of Sussex^ had received from Mercia the in- 
vestiture of the Isle of Wight and of the tribe of Meanwaras 
(in Hampshire, near the west borders of Sussex, where so many 
names stUl recall their memory), he may nevertheless be re- 
garded as the vassal of Wessex, as well as his successors. 



^ Lnpi>enborg'9 HUlor^ of Englund 
un[lcr [he Anglo-Saiun Kin^, Iran^UttH 
and udilcd hj Bciyamin Tliorjv, Est].. 
VIM, 



18-l5i Tb0 Buons in England, bf John 
Mitchell Epmblc, Eaq., ISiO. 

23 



BUNCTON, 



whether called heretogas (duces), kings, or under -kiogs/' In 
the exerciae of his authority in Sussex, j4ithelwealh had afforded 
AssiBtance to Eadric King of Kent; but they both Fell suc- 
cessively in battle when attacked by Ceadwealla of Wessex, 
who, on being exiled from thence, had taken refuge in the 
forests of And redes w aid, and had been converted to Christianity 
ty Wilfrid. Having gathered around him a considerable force, 
he took such a violent occupation of the country as to deprive 
Berhthun and ^Ihclhun, two ealdormen of Sussex, of all au- 
thority, and in revenge they succeeded for a time in displacing 
him. On the abdication however of Centwine,Ceadwcalla suc- 
ceeded as next heir to the throne. A.n, 6S5,whcn he immediately 
took vengeance on them. Berhthun fell in battle, *' and Sussex 
was partitioned into several smoll states or kingdoms under 
the supremacy of the King of Wessex," Lappenberg, i, 259> 

A deed of Ceadwealla, still remaining, uill illustrate this 
remnrlc ; and, as the original Latin text of this and the follow- 
ing charters has been printed in full by Mr. Kemble,^ it will 
be unnecessary to reproduce it here, as every scholar will be 
glad to consult with admiration and gratitude a work so full of 
authentic materials for the early history of England. A more 
summary and popular sketch of these ancient documents will 
be better suited to the present occasion. 

This deed of Ceadwealla of Wessex is of the date of August 3, 
A,T). 683, and "for the purpose of building a monastery at 
Selsey for the servants of God/' it grants "through the Bishop 
Wilfrid {per epi&copi/m) the laud which is called Aldingebume, 
and Lydesige vi ca/f^afos, and in Grinstedisgate vi, and in 
Mundhaiu viii, in Ambcrla and llohtun viii, and inWaldham 
iiii, that is to say, of xxxii tributaries [iTibutarionon) with the 
consent of Wilfrid the Archbishop, aud jl^thuald, Sub-king 
{sultrt'iftdi)** After describing the boundaries of the land 
given, it concludes thus ; — 

" + I, Wilfrid, the Bishop, confirm the larda given lae by the corroboration 
(roinr tr/YOwr)oftheCro S3 nf Christ — 7i iTthwnli],Arohbi shop— E^wnld, Bishop — 

+ \. Eadhcrht, Blahop, bovc consfnted nnd aiibscribcd J- I, EnldiUf, hcretoea 

of the South Saxons [dux Suth Saj:onum\ have [Mnscrnted and suhscribed.*'^ 



! 
I 



' Codpi niplymalicnH ^vi SaiDiiici, 
IVoin the MSS, in t\i& Rojculr? of Chi^ 
Chester CflJhedril. 

> Cod. Dipl. T, ch. !>0S, p. 82} from 



Reg. n, iTiii, r 40. Eeg. A, iviJi, f. 16, 
in ncorW idBnti'^a], bul tl» Bab-king is 
thon"Ecw&ld." 



BUNCTON, 



179 



We may remark that the small holdings of land are here 

called tributaries, and that the consent of the local chief 

tEaldulf is added to complete that of the King of Wessex. 

Wilfrid is styled indifferently bishop or archbishop, and, as 

having held the see of York, he was in fact both. 

With respect to the terras cassati and tribtitarii used in 
this, as well as mcmeutes and duo: which occur in other 
charters subsequently referred to, it is very satisfactory to be 
able to offer an explanation, throwing clear light upon the 
relation of the lords and tenants of land in these times, on the 
authority of the Rev, John Earle, the leai-ned Anglo-Saxon 
Professor at Oxford, All members of our Society who feel 
an interest in understanding the condition of Sussex in these 
remote times will not fail gratefully to appreciate the aid of hia 
valuable information. ''Caamfus, canatm, casata^ are equally 
expressions for the quantity of land which would maintain a 
family or household attached to a single house — casa, or cot; 
familia^fQmiliafus.faiu'iliQtus /errtf, are other equivalent terms 
for the land of a family. In Saxon this was called hiwisc 
hlffid, and abbreviated hid. See Glossary prefixed to voh iii 
of the Code^ Diplo-m,y under the word /nd. Manentes (and 
some other viiriatioua of tliis word) did uot differ from ai^mti^ 
uii:uuing land enough for a ftimUy to dtcdl on. The casmttis 
or nm/icnft was also colled ierra trlbutarii^ that is, the land of 
a single renter, and thus briefly iriiuiarins. In the charter 
1000 (see p. 181), Nuuna grants curtly * 20 renters' or 
tributaries, and an endorsement putting the grant into Saxon 
calls it ' -0 hides/ so that the Mde and the land of a tri- 
butary arc thus identified. This tribute or rent waa called 
in Saxon ^afol^ from the verb ' to give, gifan^ and consisted 
of personal service, labour done on the lord's land or road, or 
errand-goings or providing draught or carriage by the renter's 
beasts ; or produce in corn, ale, honey, &c. j or lastly, money. 
This kind of tenure was only partial in Saxon times, hut 
became universal afterwards under the feudalism of the 
Normans, The king then became the supreme tenant in 
aipitc, which in Saxon limes was never thought of. The 
absolute owners of laud were numerous in early times, and 
the basis seems to have been that of citizen-right. See 
Kemble's Saxons i/f England, cap. xi. The Latin expression 



180 



BUNCTOtf. 



dum in early Saioa times ia equivalent to hereto^a strictly and 
etymologically, ns both worda mean the leader of the military 
force, Fracticiilly it equuls GaUhrman, thuL is, lieutenant of 
tt portion of the country, one of whose functions waa to be 
hcfchffa or military chief in his district." 

The next document is of the date of a.d. 092, and presents 
us wtli a difierent set of names Id authority, though liohUug 
apparently the same relative rank as before. It ia a grant by 
NotUbclm King of the Suth Saxons, giving freely from his own 
possession {i/e mca propria possessions iibcafcr) to his siater 
Nothgith a portion of his land (which appears to be tho samo 
as in the former grant, but increased in qnartity to 38 cm- 
satos), in order to establish a monastery and build a church 
on it {ad consiniendum in ea monasterium baailicamque eri* 

*'Thi9 Clmrter wes wrilten id tlie year from the IncanmlTon 692. 
-|- I, Nuniift, King of the Sath Saxons {Suth Soxormm) have ctius^nled nnd 
BuhBchbed — -\- 1, WaLlma, King, hiive c*oQ3fiitrd nud sulracribi^d — ^+ I, 

Cocjir^id, King of ibi: WVsl Sivjous, Imvc conscnleil aud aubecribcd h 1, 

Ine, huve consfuted and subscribed with ny o^n iiuiid. — |- I, Aidltelin, Abbot 
have Bubscribed-^ + L Ilaguufi, Abbot, have subacribtd." "* 

As we thus have in the same document not only the sanc- 
tion of the King of Wessox, but also of Nothhelm and Nunna, 
two kings of South Saxons, we may reasonably value these latter 
re/^es as equivalent only to duces, heretogas, or enldornien, exer- 
cising authority in different parts of Sussex. The place is not 
named where the church is to he huiltj nor do the two abbots, 
whose consent was not required, but who appear as witnesses 
only, mention their monasteries ; but probably one of tliem be- 
longed to Selsey. The phrase of " subscribing with his own 
hand" may periiaps not imply with certainty that King Inc was 
able to write, but only that he made his cross. On another 
occasion a bishop of Winchester was so proud of his Latin 
and skill in writing, that he thus ambiguously styles himself, 
" Ego j^llfsinus Wiutoniensis ecelesie speculator proprio stylo 
caracteravi ;"^ and indeed many of the other witnesses in the 
same deed seem to have indulged in fantastically varying 
their affirmation, contrary to the usual staid practice ; — "I, 



* Cod. Dip], t, ch. WJD, p. 36, 



* Cod, DipL ch. TfiO. 



BBNCTON. 



181 



Eadgar, brother of the king, have quickly consented — Oda, 
the arch-prelate of the Dover church, have corroboialcd with 
a specimen of the dear Cross — I, Cenwald, am present with 
the heavenly sign — I, Oscytel, have agreed with a placable 
iiiind — I, Osulf, have not refused/* 

To return however to the documents relating to Sussex, 
Nunna, one of the sub-kings already mentioned, again appears 
in other charters. In one of the year 714 he says : — 

" I, T^^uQDa, King of tlie Sulh Saxmis, for thp welfare of my aciil, will pre 
some part of the tand undi^r my authority IjhHs met) to Jkudufrid and the 
brtthrL'U v^iio iiibubJt tUe ialmid culled Stolesi^^ wlitTc I wiali wy bodj' luay 
roal, that ii to any, in Uerotun uii titanptiten? and in BrocWshamsteiic iiii 

casiatos. and SiJlcahamstede iiii — — , in presence of the most ruverend 

Bishop EoUnu — h I jrEllielaljin, the king, have cona^inted and auUcribed — 
+ I ^Iheldrj'Ui, the Queen have eoownted/'^ 

In a later charter, AhD. 725, Nunna atylea himself " King of 
the Austral [Amtralium) Saxons/' and for the love of God and 
the heavenly country {cchstift jiairte) gives {afiribifo) the vene- 
rable Bishop Eadbirht certain lands — " xx tributaries,*' imper- 
fectly described m the mutilated MS., which ends thua : — 

" \f Niinriai Kiu^ the Grst fortify {muHUt) this with the sign of the? Cross of 

Christ \- \, Waltua, King;, have ixuisenttc! and aiihwribed — 1, Cwiimd, Kiag 

of the West Sasons, have confirmed (rexIf'tBt &ix&iium rohract)—^ I, End- 
birht. Bishop, coafinn the land gmntcdtoiiiewit^ the&ijjTiof theCrosaofChriat 
1 I, Int, have couaenttid axul vfrilteii [KtipH) with my own hand/'^ 

Nunna, King of the Suth Saxons, appears again as a bene- 
factor, probably to the same head of the Selsey monastery, 
where he wae to be buried^ granting " to the servant of God 
named Behrfrid four tributaries in Pipering, near the river 
Tarente, on condition thnt prayers eliould be offered up for 
him day and night by the servants of God," Behrfrid seema 
to have retired into the monastery, for the document eontinues, 
that he did not retain the gift, but in his old age ''having r<^h'ased 
himself from all secular affairs, wisliing to serve God only, and 
surrendering all his property with his own body {cum fff^metipso), 
EoJla receives the money and accepts the gift, with the coiiacnt 



* The nnidogy of tliLf vord witb tbo 
English mitHor, Ihs Sc^dLab manne.nld 
FrODoh mauiUl, all denrcd fi-om maiteOf 
Enfty be ivnur1r«d. 



T Cod, Dipl. ch. ErtM>, p. 41, 

* Id. ell. 1000. p, 43. 



182 



DUNCTON. 



of the brethren, and of our Kiog Nunnan of West Sussex 
(/l>ff/stf-yse.27V) — h Tliia my gift I, Nuima, King, have sub- 
scribed with my own hand, all my earls (cojtti/i6t/s) conaentiDg 
togelLer with me — + Osric, + Eadberht. H- I, Eolla, liave 
consented and subscribed — + I. lieown, have willingly con* 
Rented that this land of my jurisdiction, which my kinsfolk 
gave me, with the consent of King Niinna and Bishop Eolla 
(King jlithilbert and Bishops Sigfritl, Beorran^and Eccon aUo 
ansGnting), should he in their power while I am ahve, and that 
After my death they should have leave to possess and give to 
whomsoever they may please. — + The same land, I, Osmund, 
King, have redeemed at a price from my Earl Erran {pretio 
Tt'demi ab Erram aymiie meo) with the consent of our Bishop. 
— t Osa, iiishop."^ 

The grant of Innd next in date, August 3, 765, was made 
by Osmund, who docs not In this charter more distinctly 
describui himself, but who styles himself king in another, five 
yeara later. " At the request of his Ear] Walhere {rogahis a 
comife meo) he enables him to build a monastery on the land 
granted, which consisted of xii tributaries culled Fcrring, with 
all their appurtcnance8,in fields. woods^meadows^rivcrs.sprijigs, 
and woodland, Coponora and Titleshara." — "+ I, Osmund, 
have subscribed this grant with my own hand — + I, Osa, 
Bishop, have consented and subscribed/* &c.^^ 

Another grant of this Osmund, a.d, 770, shows him to 
have been one of the sub-kings, or heretogas (duces) of 
Sussex (the witnesses proving how numerous these were)fand 
was given at the request of his earl and his wife, Warbald 
and Tidburge. It put him ijito full possession of xv manors 
[man€7tcuim) to endow ''the church of the Blessed Peter the 
Apostle situated in a place calletl Ilancfeld." "*+ I, Osmund, 
King, have subscribed this grant with my own hand — + I, Osa, 
Archhishop — + I, Hedde, Bishop — + I, Eadljright, Bishop — 
+ I, OBa, with the above-named persons, willingly corraboratc 
this page {/ianc paginvlam mmtio) — I, Wilfrid, Bishop — I, 
Brodda, Heretoga {dn£) — + I, Berhtwald, Jlcrctoga — + I» 
Eadbald, Heretoga — + I, Esne, Heretoga — + I, Aldwlf, 
Heretoga."^* 

' Id. ch. 1001, p. 43. « Id. th. lOOe, p. 40. ^* Id. ch. 1009, p. 43. 



BUNOTOK. 



188 



Offa, the real Superior lord, again appears sanctioning a 
graat of^thelbert. King of South Saxona {SmmiVonum) in 
A,D. 774. Tlie purport of this charter, though imperfect, is to 
enable the venerable man Diozsan to build a inoiiustery by the 
gift of xviii manors {manentei^) in Wistrings, To this Seffrid, 
the Bishop, — Wyghere, — Beoha, — Wyga, appear as witiicsaca, 
followed by " I, Diozsan, in the hbertj of my right, will give 
to my dearest sister the land of this gift, which ^thelbert, 
King, has granted me, + I» Ofta the King, sign and confirox 
with my own hand — + I.Oaenedred (probably forCunuthrylh) 
the Queen, confirm and sign/''^ 

The same "/Etheiberht, King of the Austral Saxons/' con- 
firms another grant of halt" a tributary near the moor on the 
south siiie of Chichester, with Bishop Wilfrid as witness.*' 

After this, in a.d, 7?^0, comes a charier of Osbc," Heretoga 
of the South Saxons {ditx SufA Suxouum), drawn up at Selsey, 
It gave, " for the remedy of hia soul to the venerable church 
of St Peter the Apostle, that is, to God, the land called 
Eamleagh, Tielesora, with all their appurtenances/' Tlic 
crosses written in attestation were those of Oalac — Gialehere, 
Bishop— Eadwulf—" I, Offa, by the gift of God, King of the 
Mercians, have sanctioned tbe said land according lo the 
petition of Wethun, Bishop of the South Saxons, and will con- 
firm it with the sign of the Lord a cross," 

It will be remarked that the sanction of the King of Mercia, 
not of Wessex, seems at this period to have been requisite ; 
and that the bishop was the medium to bring the matter duly 
before him. This arrangement continued at the date, about 
A,D, 791, of a grant to Selsey by Efildwuif, iferetoga. Dux 
of Suth Sasons. '*Aldwlf, Ilereloga, who am the donor, have 
placed on it the aigu of the Holy Cross — + Gislchere, Bishop 
— Offa, King of the Mercians, on the petition of Weytun, 
Bishop, confirm thb wcNjdlaud (of 3 tributaries) and subscribe 
with the sign of the Holy Cross — I, Ealdfrid, King, have 
consented and subscribed/'** 

The same king of the Mercians, the same bishop, and the same 
heretoga, appear again in another charier of the same dale, 
791, which shall be here aivcn in full, not only aa dii^play- 



'given 



« Id- du loia 
** 1(L du 1011. 



" H.ch, 1012. 
■• Id. eh. lOlft 



184 



BUNCTON. 



ing the usual form of the grant, hut also ^s there will be much 
interest ia the uamcs of places introduced, those of the place 
where signed, and of the land given. The former may with 
great probability be identified, and tbe latter is remarkable as 
establishing at so early a period the use of the word "Borstal," 
Trhich has survived in coiumon parlance to this day in Sussex 
alone. 

" In the name of the Holy Saviour ; — all the things, in which 
wc busy ourselves for this present world, scarcely endure to 
our death, whereas what is done for eternal life ia preserved 
beyond death — Wherefore I, Ealdwulf, Heretoga of the South 
Saxons, have been minded to grant to Wethun, the Bishop, 
and to describe a certain portion of a wood of my jurisdiction, 
with the consent and license of Offa, King of the Angles, in 
the place called CmUborgsteal^ for tbe church of Saint Andrew, 
which is situated in the territory called Ferring. Moreover 
this wood is comprised within certain boundaries; on the 
western side, near the upper way which runs from the southern 
part towards the north, and in the other part is open country 
around. Whosoever may be willing to augaicnt and amplify 
the bounty of this small donation, may God augment his share 
in tlie book of life. But if, which God forbid, any one rely- 
ing on tjranuoua power should wish rashly to withhold or 
diminish it, let him know that on the trial of the terrible Dav 
of Judgement he will fall with horror into the hands of the 
living God. Moreover this has been transacted on Ike hill 
called Biokchandouns iu the year of our Lord Jcsu Christ, 791, 
all the persons namt^d and described beneath agreeing and 
confirming— ' 4 I, Ealtlwlf, who have niadi^ this gift^have lirst 
marked the sign of the Holy Cross. — + I, Eadelwlf, consent 
and subscribe."*^ 

*' + In noniinp saocli salvaloris. Omnia que secundum preaena seculam 

liibominuB, vis usque ntl niortoiii aurtidunt ; quod vero pro ctcn^n vita ngatur 
utique post mortem consi;rvfltur. I^lcirco ego Aldwlfoa tlux. Suth ^jisoimtn, 
n!i*juiiiiliikm silve poiteni juris mei Wetbuno epbcopo hrgiri alque dt^sirribt-'re 
curuUnm, cum conaiinau et Jicrnlia OlTe llegis Anglanmi, in loco qui dicitur 

Ccidlljorgati'id, ad eia^k'siflin sancti AiidrM qua; aiLJi eat m terra fjiic vocntiir 
I'Vrring. Hcc auLem ailva rcrtJa finilni** termiaatur : in ocfifi*!tilflli plnga 
jvixta fiuperiorein viain que cuirit ab iiustrali piirte usr|ue ail aepLetilriouem, 
vt in altera parte in drcuitu campestniL. Qui banc parvam douationis 

X W. ch, 1016.P. 53. 



BUNCTON. 



185 



TCiinifiMntiam rnigew et nmplificnre volaerit, migeat Dtns partpm ejus i[i 
libro vite. Si vero, quod abait, aliguia tyrjiouica fretus potestnte teinerarie 
tenerc ant minuere voWrit, sciat ae ru trcmeiulo eiaminiB judiVJo borriliiliter 
iiiddere ia manua dei vivKalis. Et lice uda aunt iii monte qui vocatur 
Biobchandoune nnno incaroatJoJiia ilomiiu nostri Jlieau Chrlsli Dccsai 
ciinetia aatipukntibus et confirmaEitibus uuminfttis atque infra deacriptis. 

^' Ego Eflldnlf qui doonvi primiun signum sancte cmcis expresai -| — Ego 
EadtlwlF consentio ct aubscribo H — ." 

As no localities havo teen hitherto naslgncfl for the resi- 
dence of this Sussex chieftain, or for the wood granted, we 
may endeavour to add them to Sussex topography. 

I venture therefore the suggestion that "Biohchandoune" is 
now known to us as *' Buucton/" and U is very gratifying to 
have received for it the assent of the very ablest Anglo-Saxon 
scholars. 

Situated a few miles from Ferring, for whose benefit the 
grant was made, about three miles west from where Saxon 
kings dwelt in their strongliold of Branjber, and two from 
Stoyning, the selected abode of St, Cuthman, where, accord- 
ing to Asscr, Ethelwulf King of Wessex was buried," Biincton 
was convenient for communication with the Downs, and looks 
up to the prominent point of them, crowned with the earthen 
entrenchmentsofChanctonbury, exactly opposite on the south, 
Altliough that camp had been occupied by the Romans, 
its natural advantages were not likely to be overlooked by 
sncceeding waniors. 

The hill, on the top of which Buncton Chapel stands, is 
now a portion of Ashington parish entirelj^ insulated witjiin 
that of Wiston, a fact which in itself seems to denote an 
important proprietor in old times (as again in the case of 
Sedgewick Castle, near Horsham), and it slopes gently into 
the Weald on all sides, except on the north-west, where it 
sinks more precipitously into a woody glen, through which 
runs a small brook. There is a gable-ended house, at the 
north-east foot of the hill, surrounded by a moat. The accom- 
panying woodcut of the steeper side from the uorth-west (for 
the drawing of which I am indebted to the Rev. Mr. Medland 
of Stcyning, whom I had the pleasure of accompanying to the 
spot) will sufHcicntly explain the position of the chapel on the 

^7 8w Vr. Mcdl&nd'A Paper, Stitiex Areh. Coflteiiont, V, p» IIG. 




of a Saxon chief, many Roman tiles appear, derived probably 
from the ruins of that Roman villn, the hypocaust of which were 
recently discovered hnlf a mile eastwardJ^ 

Mr. Earle, whom we have already had occasion to thank, 
has most kimUy favoured me with his opinion, thnt the con- 

^ traction of the uaiue into its modem appearance, '* the hill 
called Biohchandouae" of the eighth century now changed into 
"Iliincton/' is a prohable modernism, and that the original 
aame meant Birch Down, luslancca of similar compression 
■ ancient names arc readily foimd in this vicinity, where the 
Don cell ito line, Botechltounc, and Wistancstun of Domesday 
have become Uuncton, Burton, and Wiatun, while Buiictxjn 
appears there in an intermediate form as " Bongetune, with a 
wood of ten hogs." The identity of the names is also 
considered more than probable by the eminent Anglo-Saxon 
scholar^ Benjamin Thorpe, Esq., to whom I am much indebted 
for hia connnnnication on this and other points of this 
»ubj(jct, 

Bcuif; UniH authoriacd to cstabUsh onr chieftain of the 
South Saxom* on thu hill of Buncton, we must endeavour to 



■■ For Ml WMOunt vt llilt dfacwrorr in IH4S, wa Stuter Arck.Ccliec(ioiu,ll,Zl5. 



BUNCTON* 



187 



fiod "the place called Ccaltborgateal " within the probable 
extent of his territory. In this research neither the Rev. 
Henry Dixon, the present vicar of " the church of SL Andrew 
at Ferring/' nor the Rev. T. Medland of Steyning, have been 
able, by their local knowledge, to trace any name correspond- 
ing to " Cealtborgsteal." It ia however easy to recognise in 
this word tht; dtratiriptiou of one of those steep ways leading 
up the northern face of the Downs froia the Weald, which 
still familiarly retain the name of Borstals, and of which there 
arc several in the neighbourhood, and iudeed almost withiu 
sight of Buncton. Stcyning Borstal, Cbantry Borstal, Wash- 
ington Borstal, Amberley Borstal, arc thus situated; and of 
these Wnahitiglon Borstal, as the road which must in oil ogcs 
have been the easiest and most natural pass in the Downs, 
would seem to answer best to the description of " the upper 
road from south to north, lying on the west of tbe wood " 
given to Ferring. Mr, Dixou has also kindly pointed out 
another locality, a field of eighteen acres, four niilea from 
Ferring, and insulated in Angmering parish, the small tithes 
of which are received by the vicar of Ferring, while the pre- 
bend of Ferrhig in Chichester Cathedral is endowed with the 
great tithes.^^ This field, having on its west side an old road 
running north and south, may have some claims to be the 
gift in question in '* Ccaltborgstcal ;" but if so, it would be 
the only instance of any Borstal in Sussex being found on the 
southern slope of the Downs. 

The derivation of the word Borstal from the Saxon words 
beohr^ a hill, and sH^ele^ a steep ascent, has been already dis- 
cussed in a former volume,^ ou the occurrence of " Robert 
atte Borstalle" in the Subsidy Roll of the Rape of Lewea, 
A.D- 1290, and to this origin both Mr, Earle and Mr. Thorpe 
agi'ee. The latter quotes Lye's Dictio/iarj/, " Burgstal, 
burgstol, clivus, Cott. 209 ;" and in the present instance 
we may consider tlie prefix ceaU to signify cold, so that 
it was a part of the " Cold Borstal '^ which was granted by 
Adclwlf. Mr, Earle directs attention to the many cases in 

B In Domcsdjiy it u said, " the Bishop " See Sums Arch. Coll^ctiont, toI- II, 

nlds F(?nnges in domiiui; il hnd a wuud p. S^?, whpn lhi« pi^ilnrinriou uf llio 
'ige, and for lierbn^a otltj aovunth word wan siiggo#t*d by 8. W. Walfonlj 
\ 115- Xraiialot' iJomud. Et^.., and J. M. Kcmblo, £ig. 



188 



BUNCION. 



which the same form of "beohr" for hill has stereotyped 
itself Id Sussex names, as Cishury, Edburton {Ecff, bcohr^ fUM, 
town on the hill edge or side), Burpham, Burton, Bury, 
Chauctoubury, while Clultiiigtoii (Cilletuue, Childetune, in 
Domesday), may perhaps be au instance of the same prefix of i 
ceali now changed, as also Cold Waltham. 

The word Borstal seems to be implied in a passage of' 
Domesday (p. 13-i) relating to East Sussex — " EssewcUe 
Hundred — in Burgcstaltuue tcnuit Ulai unam virgatam, liher 
homo fuit" And the same word, applied to a steep hilly 
ascent, appears frequently in Textm Roffensis, referring to a 
locality in Kent still retaining auch name — "De Eoreslealle, 
Cocnuulf King of the Mercians gave 3 acres to Rochester," 
p- 96 i '^ Kenulfus Rex Merciorum dcdit Borehstalle," p, 152 ; \ 
" Rohertns de Borcstcalle omiicra auam deciniam de terra sua ' 
concessit S. Andreic a^tcrualiter/' p, 166. This latter instance 
resembles that in the Subsidy Koll of Sussex, before referred ^ 
(o, where the Borstal had given name to the person. A grant 
of land, with the ciistodj of Bemwood in the county of Bucks, 
was made by Edward the Confessor by the tenure of the Boratal 
horn.^^ The latter lialf of the word has clearly an analogy 
with the modem German ''stcigen,'' to ascend or mount, 
and "steig" in Norway means a ladder, as does "stee,"uBedl 
in the North of England, "Stile" seems used by Chancer iu an 
extended sense, as in some measure representing the country, 
in /.nntmcf with " sti'ect/' which is used to represent the 

*' la it swichc pent with him for to mete, 
I ehal him selce by stile and eke by strcte/' 



m contrast 
town : — 



^ 8m Eennett's FaJodi> Aatiq. p. 51i Blflunfa Tmure», p, *1- 



ON THE SAXON COLLEGE OF BOSHAM. 

BY THE TIEV. EDWAED TUIlNKn. 



KUD IT SRfCIinTZB, JULT 13^ 18&3. 



The exact date of tho fouDdation of tbin college is not 
known ; but that it was of Saxoa origio, and in existence 
previous to the year 6S1, we learn from tlie Venerable Bede,^ 
who tells us, that when St. Wilfrid arrived among the South 
Saxona about that time, he found a small and poor establish- 
ment of secular canons settled here under the government of 
an Irish monk named Eicul, who was probably an early 
Roman missionary. His words are, " Erat antcm ibi mo- 
nachus quidam de natione Scottorum,^ vocabulo Dicnl, habena 
Mouasteriolum permodicum in loco qnivocatur Boseiihamm/' 
Of this college, he further tells us, he had frequently beard 
from the priest Acca, who had known the monks of Bosham 
when under the presidency of Eappa, thereby making bis 
testimony of a Saxon monastery here more especially to be 
relied on» 

At the time of Wilfrid's arrival in Sussex, but httle had 
been done by Dicul and his associates towards enlightening 
this part of the county. ** In eo monasteriolo/' continues 
Bede, "fratres quinque vel sex in humili et paupere vita 
Domino famulantes; sed provincialium nullus eorum vel 
vitam Ecmulari, vel predicationem curabat audire/* Boscnham 
or Bosham was situated at the point of a small creek issuing 
out of Chichester Harbour on the one side, and on the con- 
fines of a large forest district on the other — " sylvis et inari 
circumdalum/' as Bede describes its position -, and hence its 
name, '* Boscn-ham," which Lye inierprets in his Sas^on Dic' 
tiottary, ''forte a sylva sumptum/' The inhabitants of this 

> Ec-olfsioat. EisL lib. ir, c. Id. 

^ Tlic SoioQ nnnaJuls npplf the l^mi ** Scaltu& " to the natire TrisU. 



190 



ON TBE SAXOK COLLEGE OF BOSIIAM. 



district consisted at this time principally of seafaring met 
and their families, who obtained their livehhood by fishing, 
Boscnham is one of the only five places in Sussex noted on 
the map attached to the Sacco^n C/ironicIe, 

Having established a conveDtual hermitage at this place, 
Diciil's first object would naturally be to provide a place for 
religious worship- It is not however until towards the dawn 
of tbe Norman era that we have uny direct evidence of a 
church here. The Bayeun; Tope&tri^ ,^^^^ us the first inti- 
mation of one. Under the head HAROLD DUX ANGLOR". 
ET SUI MILITES— EQUITANT AD BOSHAM, thii 
curiously-wrought historical record represents a church o( 
rude structure in the background, with Harold on horseback, 
having a hawk perched on hia fiat, in front. He is preceded 
by two horsemen with a greyhound running before thcni, and 
accompanied by five other horsemen, who were probably hia, 
"milites/' 

Harold s possessions in this neighbourhood extended over 
Ihe whole tract of country lying between Chichester and 
Havant. To these he succeeded at the death of his mother 
Gytlia, his father. Earl Godwin, having possessed himself o^ 
them by forcibly wresting them from Agilnorth Archbishop' 
of Canterbury ; for we may reject bs fabulous tbe monkish 
legend first broached by Wdtcr dc Mapes, and subsequently 
adopted by some of the earhcr historians,^ that he obtained 
them by takmg advantage of a mistaken expression, "da mihi! 
basiura " when requestuig the archbishop's benediction. 
Here Earl Godwin frequently resided, as did his sou Harold 
after him, who, during a sading exciu-sion of pleasure, ws 
driven from hence by a storm to the coast of Normandy/ 
where he contracted those engagements with Duke William, 
the breach of which is well known to have led to his invasic 
of this country. 

The site of Earl Godwin's and Harold's residence it would _ 
now be dilficult to identify, Dallaway* fixes it at Walton, J 
from the Saxon derivation of the name, "Vael-ton," *'oppidui 
vallatum/' and from there being vestiges of Roman earth^ 



^ "Williara of Mnluioiburj', p. 90; 
Hcnxyof Iluiilingdon, p, 366 i Bromp- 
ton, p. 8i7. &0. 



^ Hist, of Wraicm Soss^, ygl. i-- 



OS THE SAXON COLLEGE Of BOSHAH, 



191 



work3 still to be traced there, which he pupposea were thrown 
up by Vcspatiaii's army, and subsequently adopted by the 
Saxons; while others imagine that it was on Ihe north side 
of the churchyard of Boaham, where an ancient moat encloses 
a piece of ground of considerable size, at the southern ex* 
trcniity of which the present mauor-housf?, ei moderu brick- 
built structure, stands, and in front cf which is a hani, called 
"the gaol barn," which is erected on the remains of stone 
walls of considerable substance and of much antiquity. 

An additional proof of the Saxon origin of Bosham College 
may bo obtained from the Domesday Survey^ which states 
that an catablislnncnt of Benedictine canons had been fou3idcd 
here early in the Saxon times, and endowed with competent 
lands. 

After the death of Harold, the lordship of Bosham was 
seized by the Conqueror, and given by him to Osborn Bishop 
of Exeter, But having again become vested in the crown, it 
was granted by Henry I to William Warlewaate, Bishop of 
the same sec. who, having dissolved the college of Plympton^ 
in Devonsliire, on account of the irregular lives of its inmates, 
settled the same number of residents here, namely, a dean 
and fivG^ secular canons, reserving to himself and his suc- 
cessors the patronage of the deanery or provostship, and the 
appointment of the canons. He also retained to himself and 
thorn an exclusive jiu^isdiction over the whole college, which 
was much contested by the Bishops of Chichester 

A cii'cuaiBtantial account of one of these contests is to be 
found in the Register of Bishop llede,*^ where it is stated, that 
during the episcopacy of Bishop Langton (1305-37), Walter 
StapyTton Bishop of Exeter gave notice of his intention, as 
dean of the collegiate chapel of Bosham, to hold a visitation 
of this chapel, and the prebendaries were summoned to attend, 
Langton, questioning his right officially to visit in his diocese, 
sent a messenger, on the day on which he was expected to 
arrive at Bosham, to meet him on the borders of the county, 
near the village of Herting, whtrc he would enter the diocese 
of Chichestt^r, with a letter iuhibilmg him from holding such 

' Ttc Fl« Roll ofthel2c}i of Bdtfard ' S^-o ektraete »t tlic cQil of l)ic«a ro- 

ll mrntioBB bli conotiB bolongiug \^ Utia marka. 
Collisgc. 



192 



OK THK SAXON COLLKGK OF BOSHAM- 



visitatioDj under pain of excommunication . Regardless of 

this remonstrance, the Exeter diocesan pursued his journey to 
Boshani, and held his appointed visitation. Langton, when 
informed of this, was so exasperated at the slight tbus shown 
to himself and his autliority, that he lost no time iu carrying 
bis threat into execution. Taking with him the dean and 
some of the chapter of his own cathedral, and the messenger 
employed on the occasion, he went to tht; piu^ticuJar port of 
the cathedral church usually selected for such purpose, and 
there fulminated the sentence of excommujiication against 
him, The same sentence was also pronounced by authority of 
the dean in all the churches of the city of Chichester, as well 
as in those of Fishbourne, Rmnboldeswyche, and St. Pancros 
without the city gate, which were under his jurisdiction. 
This led to an adjustment of their differences by an arrange- 
ment that, for the future^ the entire patronage of this college 
should continue to he vested in the Bishops of Exeter, but 
that the privilege of visiting the college should be given to 
the Bishops of Chichester, who should have the same authority 
over the parochial prebendary as he had over any other in- 
cumbent of the diocese of Chichester. 

The church too of the Holy Trinity, at Boshani, claimed 
the usual pnvileges and immunities accorded to royal free 
chapels, namely, exemption from episcopal and archidiaconat 
supervision. It is called in the Patent Rolls, " Libera Capella 
et Prebenda Parochialig de Bosham."' Some further light is 
thrown on the history of this church, and the disputes it gave 
rise to, by an Inqiusition taken the 22d of Edward I, which 
states that the chapel of Bosham and its district was, from its 
first foundation, exempt from ordinary jurisdiction as a free 
chapel of the king, it having been founded by an ancestor of 
the king then on the throne, and being situated on land be- 
longing to him and his predecessors; that it was called the 
chapclry of Boshara ; that this exempt chapclry was given by 
Henry I to Warlewastc Bishop of Exeter, to be held freely by 
him and his successors; and that it remained go exempt to 
the time of Henry II, when the then Bishop of Exeter, by 
supplying with necessaries Thomas a Becket diuing the time 
he was in disgrace at court, so aroused the indignation of the 

? Ro(, Pat. 19 REoh. IT, p. 2, m. 37- 




ON THE SAXON COLLEGE OF BOSIIAM. 



193 



king, Ibat he seized the chapel and ita posseasions ; and they 
remained vested in the crown until a vicar of the chapel sub- 
mitted himself to the Authority of the Bishop of Chichester, as 
if independent of the king {quad indc/etistis a liiyv), and the 
Bishop of Chichester begun to exercise jurisdiction over the 
vicar. This aroused Henry II to regrant to the Bishops of 
Exeter his entire interest in and title to the chapelry of 
Boahuui, with all ila ancient rights and priviiegtis; and thus 
the canons and others officiuting in this chapelry, with their 
chattfls, again became exempt, as from time immemorial they 
had previously been, from ordinary jurisdiction ; and fi"om that 
time the Bishops of Exeter collated to the prebends, and in- 
stalled the prebendaries of thia chupcl, iiTcBpeetive of the con- 
cnrreuce of the Bishops of Chichester. 

The hundred and manor of Bosham also received great 
privileges and exemptions from the same king, some of which 
are still claimed and allowed, having Vieen confirmed by Janiesl. 
They are recited in an indenture of the 7th of Elizabeth, in 
which Lord Berkley, the lord of the manor, in the settlement 
of a dispute between him and the tenants, recognizes his 
manor as an ancient demesue sometime in the hands of 
Edward the Confessor, and as having been always go reputed 
and heldn 

The prebends of this church were named as of Walcton or 
Waltou, Chidiiam, Westbrookc, Funtingtor, and Applcdram. 
The endowment of each of these is to be learned from a 
sui-vey of this college among the records of the dean and 
chapter of Chichester, It is undated; but from some cir- 
cumstances noticed in it we are enabled to decide, that it 
must have been made previous to the year 164:s. The first 
college office mentioned is the sexton's, which was then en- 
dowed with a small tenement near the chiu-ch. No money 
value is put upon this. The prebend of Waleton, or Walton, 
was endowed with a messuage and lencmciil situated within 
the tithing of Walton, anciently the prebendal house, and 
with %T\ acres of tithe-free land, formerly the glebe land of 
the college, valued at £00. The prebend of Fnntington was 
endowed with the great and small tithes of the tithings of 
Puntington, and of East and West Ashhng, in the parish of 
Funtiugton, valued at £S9. The prebend of Chidham was 



VIII. 



S6 



194 



ON THE SAION COLLEGE OP BOSHAM. 



endowed with the tithes of com aod grain grown in the paris! 
of Chidham, valued at £00, The prebeud of Appledrain vr\ 
endowed with a small croft lying on the west side of the nu| 
lane, iu the parish of Appledrani^ and with all the great an^ 
small tithes accruing yearly within it^ together with two quar 
ters of barley due yearly from the tenant of the deanery fana 
valued at £40. 0^. SJ. The college also possessed generall; 
the great and small tithes of the several tithings of Bosliau] 
Walton, Westbrooke, Southwood, and oUrt parts of the pans] 
of Boshaiu, except a portion of the small tithes of tbea 
tithings, which belonged to the vicar of lloaham. These tithe 
were valued at £1G0. Total value of the prebcndal and co 
legiatc pi-opcrty. 1^409. G*. Sd. 

An earlier vduation of the college poascBsions states th 
name of the incumbent of each prebend at the time it w 
made, as well as its value, as follows : — 



FtcIkihI. 



iDCUfiihcnt 



VbIbc 

Mr 



Wftlytoa Thomas Southern 1 7 6 i 

Cbiilhftin Pirliard Rerlmun" SIS 

Weatbrooke Tlioinaa Clicyiiey 1 1 1 3 

ApplcdmiQ Thouiaa Bedyle H IG 



Total 



£76 1 



In the Nonte return the prebends arc valued at £53.6ff.8a 

By their ancient foundation charter, the denn and pre 
beudaries were requu-cd to expend o*. annually in donatio " 
to the poor. 

'riie stalls of the prebendaries, with their misereres, sti 
remain in the chancel of the church. They are of oak, an 
though probably of the date of Ileury VII, in a tolerable sta 
of preservation. At each end is ^fli'tir-de-Iis. 

The site of the college is on the south aide of the churci 
yard, wht'rc some detached parts of the Eincicnt buildings sti 
remain, A portion of these buildings was for many years occu 

Eied as the vicarage-house j but this the present incumboii 
as lutely taken dowTi, having erected a new vicurage-houa 
upon a different site. The moat perfect of these parts waa \ 
pointed-arch doorway, leading through the original fence w 



ON THE SAXON COLLEGE OF B08HAH. 



195 



into the enclosure in which the college atood ; and the remains 
of the wall itself, wLich was of stone and of great thickness, 
and which may be traced a considerable distance running east 
and west. An engraving of the old vicarage-houai? wUl be 
found in Eallaway s Ilifffor^ of Ihe Jiape of CInckestcr, 
"Within this enclosure lay for many years the head of a colossal 
figure, supposed by some to he the head of the Siixon god 
Woden, but by others the head of Trajan. Dallaway's opinion 
is tbat it belonged to a statue of St. Christopher, the patron 
saint of seafaring men- It was dug up near the church, and 
is now in the garden of the palace of Chichester. 

The architecture of the church will be so fully described in 
a work now preparing for publication, that nothing need be 
said of it here. I may however mention^ that upon the pre- 
sent incumbent opening the atone coSin in Ihc wall of the 
church, near the entrance to the crypt, which was supposed 
to contain the remains of a S^xon abbot, nothing was found 
except the bones of a mnii l}'ing under its Sussex marble slab 
covering. Tlua stone coffin appeared to have enclosed a wooden 
one with a roof-shaped lid. 

A MS. history of Bosham, written some time during the 
seventeenth century, states, that in the year 1G37, the inha- 
bitants pointed out to the writer, Mr- John Sniythe,® the 
foundations of an ancient building near the parish church, 
which from time immemorial had been called *'St. Bede's 
Chapel-*' It is described os "a small chapel not lai'ger in 
circuit than Bede maketh the cell of Dicul thereto adjoining 
to be," Tliis probably was the remains of the college chapel. 

On the north side of the chancel of the church, which was 
founded in 1280, there was a small chautry, which was en- 
dowed with 33 acres of land at Appledram, Ihe tax of which, 
according to the Nonte return, was valued at 8*. 

The college survived until the general dissolution of mo- 
nastic institutions by Henry VIII, at which period the canons 
were reduced to three. The college residence was first 
granted to Vincent Calmndy; but the prebcndal estates were 
retained by the crown until the Gth of Elizabeth, when they 
were granted to Sir Richard Sackville, at a reserved rent of 

■ Thifl Mr. ,1. Smjthe left Id M3- a life of the Bcrkloyi, Lor^ of Boaham, now iu 
lb? CoUt^go of Arms- 



Oy THE SAXON' COLLEGE 07 BOSHAH. 



£35, 6*. lOrf., who, in the same year, exchanged them and the 
mnnors of Eostergate and BLrdham Broiuer with the dean 
ind chapter of Cfaicheater for the lands of the dissolved prioiy 
of Wilmington- 

It appears from the Sancroft Papers, in the BodJeian Library, 
Oxford,* that by the alicnaiiou of the-se eslalee tlie collegiate 
church sustained so much damage that iU necessary repairs 
could no longer bu inflected. To meet this difficulty then, ft 
grant was made tt> it of the estate at Bo&ham, at that time 
under lease for tliree lives, at a reserved rentof i43, 10^., 
which left about£370 per annum dear to tbe church. But by 
a resolution of the dean and chapter, passed September 16th, 
1565, this arrangement was altered, and a determination come 
to, that thb lease should not be renewed, but that at its ex- 
piration the full value of the estate should be api>lied towards 
defraying the expenses of the church. In 1633 these lives had 
all fallen, and this arrangement should have taken effect ; but 
inst^^d of thi^, the estate was rbimed by Sir John Howell, of 
W rotham,ii]Keiit,Knt.,aman of considerable influence nt court, 
under the powers of a lease for ninety -nine years, purporting to 
have been granted to him by Sir Richard Sackvillc before the 
expiration of the previous one. The dean and chapter, naturally 
auapecting this lease to be a fo^fery, determined to test its 
validity in » court of law; but, before a decision had been 
obtained, tbe matter was finally settled at the suggestion and 
under the authority of the crown, by an i^;reement betweeu 
the litigating parties, that the snspceled lease should be can- 
celled, and a new one granted to the same tenant for three 
lives, under the ofiicial seal of the dean and chapter of 
Chichester. 

After the death of Sir John Howeil, the estate thus renewed 
passed to his widow ; but her right to possession was disputed 
by the heir-at-law, who^ for wain of fiinds to pn^ecute his 
tlaini, was coaij^elled to enter into a romproruiso with Lady 
Howell^ by which a fresh lease was granted to him out of 
feelings of compassion, as was then thought, but in reality 
through the inslrumeLktality of Pr. Ede, thf prctx*ntor of tbe 
church of Chichester, who hud clandestinely purchased his 
rights, and who, for the advanctnncnt of liis own interest, had 

* i^mMTt Mss^ lis. !>. in& 



ON TDK HXXOJi COLLEGE OF BOMAM. 



It? 



used his inHuctice with the deflii &nd chapter to bring aft 

amicable aiTangcuiciit. IjiuIlt the covenftDtji of tw i 
Qniiunl rent of JLiQO was rc&ervcd, to lie applied from time to 
time, as occnsion might require, in the reparalUiii of the bbric 
of tlic church of Busliam. And every d<.-ari and rcniilcntiiiry, 
in talciDg the oatli to observe the ttatuteH of tlu: church of 
Chichester generally, wua rct|uireil, by a statiuc paittted for 
that purpose, to muke special inciktion of uiiother fetutute, 
Liuding them not to procure or accept of aiiv coiiipcnaatiun 
for revoking it, which statute waa directed to (if regwten.'rd iu 
the n^gistry, as well of the dean and dinpti-r as of the biahopA 
of Chicheaterj end iu that of the Archtpiahop of Canterbury, 
that Micy might inf|uire into and ciifurce it^ atriet observance. 

The fiub3ct|ncnt posscasora of this estate wt-rc John IVuiik- 
laiid, ill right of hia wife, who was heir to Dr. Ede, and 
Richard Barwell, Ewi-, of Staustead Park, by purchflflu of 
Frankland, The lessee was bound to kce[> all the college 
buildings, including the chancL'la of Iloaham, Gludhnni, Apple- 
dram, and Funtington churches, in repair; also to ninke and 
deliver to the dean and chapter of Chichester, cveir tenth 
year, a true anr] perfect terrier of the glebes and lands, with 
their boundaries, and a list of the other profits of the college ; 
and to pay, besides the reserved rent, out of the prebend of 
Chidhaiu, to the vicar of Boshatii £4, as a yearly pennon; 
and to the archdeacon of Chichester 13*, 4^/. for [)rocurations ; 
out of each of the preK-nds of Chidhani and Walton, to the 
vicar of Chidham, 23^. 4^. ; out of the prebend of Walton, to 
Lord Berkley, \tl as lord of the manor of Bosham ; out of the 
prebend of Fiintington, to the ofKciating minister of the chapel 
of Ftintington, £G, 13^, 4rf.; and out of the prebend of Apple- 
dram, to the officiating curate of the chapel of Appledraui, £0. 
TheaMvas also due to the dean andchapterof Chichester a fee- 
farm rent of £35. Ct^., which was reserved to the crown in the 
lessee's patent of the grant of Uoshani, and by the crowo 
assigned to thebi. 

Many of the lands about the church, and in different partt 
of the parish, are still called by names denoting the particular 
benefit or purnose in the college or church to which the 
profits of such lands were applied. 

From the Bishops' Registers, we learn that the riglit of 



198- 



OK THB SAXON COLLEGB OF BOSBAH, 



presentation to Bosbam church has been exercised as foDows: 
— From 1-112 to 1535, bj the college of Bosltam ; from 1535 
to 1613, by the crown; and from 1613 to the present time^ 
by the dcjin and chapter of Chicbesler, Of the earlier pre- 
sentations we have no information. 

The Saxoji. Chronicle notices some important events which 
took place at Boaham from 1045 to 1049. 

In the year 1190, llerebertus de Bosham, an eminent 
native of this parish, who was secretary to Thomas a Becket, 
and present at his assassination, and who was made a cardinal 
by Pope Alexander III, wrole, in Latin, the life of this mar- 
tyred arclibishop, which became so popular that scarcely a 
religious house in England was without a copy of it. 

The dates of the several grants to the colltge are, as far 
I have been able lo ascertain them, as follows ; — 1205 (Cth of] 
John); 1283 (11th of Edw, I); 131^ (12th of Edw, II); 
1371 (44th of Edw. Ill); 13SG [9th of Rich. II), and 1406 
(7th of Hen. l\). 

The following deeds and documents are referred to in the 
preceding account i — 

" Inquisitio capta npud Brenibleshute, TOram Henrico dc SUnton, et •- 
&ui». &C.'. (lie Vi:rii'rU craalmo NnlLvitatis BKaie Muriu, auufi r. R. E, xif , et^ 
iDDdo vtaiunl K<lv;tnlua de Eas^elefgli, Motiaphua da Por&hute j Rol^Ttua Ae 
Norton, miliis ; lleTiric\i3 de llerlins. Minister, de com. Soasei ; Henriras Jg- 
Montcforti, miles; Robertua le Doel. ; Johannes Prodhi>inme, et Will, UumJ 
Minuter dti com. Surrej; Johannea Kandclf ; Juliannea de TjcbebomeJ' 
Jacobus de Norton, milites, et Rimrdus de Weatcote, Miuiater de com. 
Suthampton ; qui dicunt super sacrainentfl sua, et inlelligunt, quod cap*rUaiia 
dc Boacliani, t^'inpore prime fundationis fuit cxempta et imiuuai^, ul libem 
cepclla re^, ab orniu jurisdietione oitlinaria^ furidala et dotata per pro<^cni'| 
tores rt:guQi Anglic, el aituata in solio Domini Regis, qui tuiio leTnjior 
n-gnnvit. Et dicunt, ut ilia, ijuir tunc tempnris vo^abntur c^Aix^fliLrin i 
Boseham, nunc a t|uibusdam noaiiimtuT ecclcsia de Boaeliam. Dicunt ctuuu^l 
quwl diela capclluriu, a tempore prime fuiidatioiiis, fuit exemptn^ ut predi-1 
eiturt in maaibua IWguui, (juou^ouiujue quidam Rex coiitulit clielfiia enpel^ 
Inrium euidnm time ejiiseopo Esomrnsi, teneri siUi et suecOBaoribua euis, adc 
' libcH', BJcut R«goa earn tenuerunt. Et sic remansit cxcmpt-a in uianibn 
Eton. Epiacoponini ugqne ad teinpua Re;^ Heuriei II, quo tempore qiiitlom 
tune Eion. Episcopus udhcail Bealo Thome Marlyri, tunc in esilio posUo* 
Tulnitttrando ei in <^u{lju9ilam iieecetnriU. Ob quod idcu lUx Hctiricui, in 
niotus, eeiiri f<?cit cajjellariani preiUetnm^ eum iilus poascsaiooibus ad ean 
pertincutiboa, et sic reinnnsit dieta ccpellariii in iriaiubti^ Regum per loD 
tfmpom, Quibua cotnpcrtis^ quidam vicariua, ia dicta capellariii ininistr 



ON THE SAKON COLLErrE OF BOSHAU. 



109 



N 



quibusdam parotliiania dicte capllsric, aubjedt ae miuistrQlioDi time Epiacopi 
Cicest. ct ei fecit obedientiam, quaai imlHenaua a Rege. Et sic Episcopi 
CiccatrcnacB hue usq^ac jutiaiUctiouem oriiuiiriujii L-At'iL'ueriirit iu euuilem 
vicarium, et Rucwssores auoa dictara vjcarinm oltiiieiil*a. Et dicruni, c^uoil 
poatea Dorainns Rex Henricua, avus Doruiui Eegia xmn*?, concessit Episcopis 
Exoiiiep. quodoumpiL' {*/f) Buum dictc capellarie tie Boseliniu cum omnibuH 
juribua i:i UlmrtuLibua ad uaucli::[n capf:^liariaui uiiti^LtHue penZueulibu?». Et 
(licunt, r^viod oranes nononici ejusdeiu capellflrie, cum ceteria mimfltria, et 
tonim bonis, semper a tempOTe, tjuo non eilal memorio, fuerunt esempli vi 
iinnmnca a jurisdictione ordinarii dioersiiiLi. Et Epiij<]opu3 Eian. s€Tiip(;T 
wjutulit prclJtixUaSj et iustolluvil prrbcmJarioSj irrei|uisilti a5?jtnau ordidHrii 
(lioceflDTii. In qaonim testimonium prvJicLi jurAii huic m^uiBitiom sigilla 
auft appoauormit." (22 Edw, L 1294,) 

"....... qui dicunt super snctBtueutiirD suuiOt <juod aputJ Bo5C!bain, 

in Cboro Ecclc^ic sunt sox c&iioiilci aeculu.iv«, Lubciites sck pr4.'l>cndii0 diviana. 
Et dieuDt, quod Epiacopi Exon. ex eonceaaione Eegum Anglie, Prugenitorum 
Bt'^s nunc, confcmrit prcbendas illas, et cnnoaieos iDHtituuDt et deatituurit« 
cum fuerunt deatitUCDdi, et hoc propria nuctoritate. Et quod predJL'ti 
canoniei, aeu corurn prebende, uec bona sua projirio prcbfmlarum itionuu, vvl 
eorum tiiinistn, in Charo Kodesie de BoMham ministrautes, nnnquam per 
aliquem Arcbidiaconum Cicestrtn&cm prcdofessoruiu tUdi j\rchidiaeoni, (jui 
nunc eat, viaituti fiienint, nee aliquam jurisdiction em in cia exercuenint, 

quouacunijuc dii^tua Arcbidiueunu^t ct ejus officlaita, qui nunc sunt, tempore 
auo primo juri?^diptioiiera ordinnriam in prcfiictis ehoro, (^Jinnnicis, miruBtris, 
prebendia eiorcucruiit. Et dicunt, quod utius predictorum canonicorumj 
teneus prebuudam, que vowilur prebendu parochiaiis vicorii, in corpore eecksie 
t-unfcrl, et vitaii'iimi routlituit. In qiteni quidtui vic-ariuiu uuram aniumrum 
parocbianorum in corpire ecclesie eitra rhoro lialenlera predietua Arohidia- 
conua, et succL'Ssorcfl sui, Archidiaconi CiccstreoseSi jurisdictJouem ordinariuoi 
hucuaqoe eiercuemnt" (12 Edw. IL 1319.J 

The following extracts from the Episcopal Registers of the 
diocese [Bishop Rede's Register, No, 0) have reference to the 
dispute which arose between the Bishopa of Exuter and 
Chichester, on the subject of jurisdiction over the college, 
aJludeJ to at p. 191:— 

" Poalca die Paeche in st die. anno a?gifl nunc ivij (1323), veuenmt predict! 
RaduJphus de liyburgli, tt Willieluius atla See, per Thomam ThorjK, Attor- 
nntuui Huim], ct aimibtcr jurati, &c. Qui dieunt super sHcrmncnta &im, Cjuoj 
prcdit-tds Hjidulphna de %burgh, amio Regui Rc^gis nunc xvj" ad mniidatum 
Episcopi Esonien. Dtcaid'CapeUe de Bo&ebnm prcdicie, proponentis tt in. 
teadentis visitare candem CapdlujD, et Chorurn Prebendflriorum, et Mirdatros 
puniroonivit quuailjim Prebemlarios Capellc predicte ad compiTciiduiu corani 
entb'm Epiacopo et Decano ejusdcm Capclle iu \'i3itfitiune sua in Cflpeiln p^g, 

dicta die vt^neria in crastJno Epiphanie Domini anno aupm' " ' nuidc^tn 

Radidphua poatea, ad mandatum Jobaimia Epiacopi Ci nj^, 

iiiLioneia prediclonim prebeiidorionim, ex parte pr 



200 



ON THE SAXON COLLEGE OP BOSHAM- 



cani Cnpelle predicte per ipauin rai^iam revocavit, et ei pftrte ipsius Episoopi 
Cicfat. mbibiiit oiaikiu prc^U^uiliiriis, nc aliquis ipsorutn coram pri'fato Epis- 

copo E\oii,, Decntio Caprlle predinte, nd diem prodifUm coiiiporit ; el 'idctti 

HaduiphiiB rorajii prediclo Episcopo Exon, Docano, Ic, ad ilipm pretliclam 
compcn-ri? non nmiviL Et quoad predictmn Williehmuu alU- Spc Jicunt, 
quod Episoopua Ciceat. pempiens [jrcihrUim Epiaeupum Exon> Decainum, &c 
volentem Hndetn viaitare, uiiait ipsiun Will. Rttc Sec mim litcria ipMiia Episcoiii 
CitTSt. fid prpdidum Epijicoimin E\nn. venipnUtn veraiin Bo*ieh;uii pro 
viaitalioDe sua predii-ta fftcien^la. Qui qiiidera Will', die Mprt'urii in YiifiliH 
Epipliniiie butio suprailicto, obvpnit^ndo ipso Episwpo Kion. juiln Herl\ng, 
ciomiil ipatiin Episcopujji Eion., ex parlc predicti Episeopi Ciw^i^t., et ei 
iabibiiit, 9ub peua 4?xooiQiiiiinicfltiouiAj ne ajnid Kosehnm jicciHlcrct ad alitmjim 
Tisitnticnera in capella preiUcta Chorormn T re bemki riorum, K Miiiiatronjin 
fuuiendiitn. El diount, ([uod predicti WiUiflmiia d ltailulphu5^ jurisdicUoiiera 
ordinarinm in (Jiipi^lla predicta et in Choro PTtbL-riduriunim K miuiatroT^in 
cjiiBclcni in foriuo prtdieta, et noti alio moilo, centra banc pfobibitionem 

Rr^s, exercueniut. Et quod L'ompcrtura est per juratoa istos. quod predicti 
BadulphuH et Willielmue contra Domini Regis, Sic. Et panlictus Willidmua^J 
in boc, quod pr&lietum Episcopum Exon. Decanum, fitc.^ e\ parte predict^^| 
Episcopi Ciceat, monuit et inbibnit, &c. ^™ 

" Poatcn a die Pascbe in xv die anno Regui R**gis nunc xvy'^ vpnenmt 
predicti Dccanus et Copituluin per Thomain de Shaw uttomatum sunm, et 
similiter jurati, qui dicunt su|)er sacrnmcnia sua, quod Johannes EpUcopus 

Cictat. luiait quendani Willkdinuio ntte See cum iittris (psius Epiacopi ad 

Walt^nim EpiscHjpum Exon. Deeauum Hapfllo dp HoAcbam, venientf'm versua 

Boaeham, pro Copelh predicta et Choro Prebemtarioruiu et Miniatronim 

ejnsdera visltanda. Qui quidctn Williclraus die Mcrcurii in ^'ii^ilin Epijihanie 

Domini, aruio Rj-gia nunc svij" obveuit-iido prtditlo Epiaeopu Exon. juxta 

Kertytig, moQiiit ip^um Epi^copum E\on. Decanuni^ Sre,, et ex parte predioti 

Episco]ii Cicewt. ei inhibuit, gub perni exeommunicatiouia, ne npud Ho^ebam 

nceedoi'cl ad CiipeUam predictam ct Chorum Prebenilahonmi et Miuistroruni 

ejusdem viaitandam. Qiii qui dem Episcopua Exon, Decaiiiis. &c., nibilominus 

ful prcdictum Ciipelliim ooce^Bit, ct ibiticm die Vi.'neri3 in cruatiijo Epipbanic^J 

Domini, tunc pro?;imo setjUL-nte vlsitavit Et preJirtua Eplscopns Cic<:Bt^^| 

apud Cicpplrian) e?;istens, hoc p^^rcipiena, nasmnpti.s securn Decono et quibu»-^H 

dam canonicia Ciccalrie, et predicto WiUielmo atle See [tffattk m oriff,] codeoi 

die Vciicrifl ftCfieasujTiat wl qacndflm locuin in Ecck-sia Calbeimle Cioest, et 

ibidem, presenlibua dictis Bfcaun Cieest. et WiUielmo atte See, et quibuadnm 

aliia Canonicia Ciceat. statim super ipauin EpiBcopum Exon. senlentjain excom- 

miinicationia fulmmavit. Qiiaia qiiidcm aeuteutiam idem Dtcanua Eoclesie 

Ciceal. in Ecclcsiis Parocbiania Civitntis Ciceatrie, et Jii Etelesiis de Fiabboume, 

Ramlmldswycbp et Spneti Paneratii i'\ Porta Civitatia pi^edicle^ q*io sunt in 

jurisdictioue eju8d4?m Dei^ni, ad Mandatum Epiacopi Ciceat. pronuuduviL 

El dicunt, quod predidi Dt-canna et Capitulum Cicmt. nuliam juriadidionem 

onlinjirium in Cnpella pretlicta et Choro Prebcndnrum et MiniaUonun ejusdem 

contrn prubiLitioneux Ktif^iam excrcucrufit nisi tninea quod pre4ictua Dconnus 

dictani aentcntiam per Dominnm Epiacopiun CiecHt. iu ipauin Episijopiim 

Exon. Decarum Capelle predicte fuliniaataiu iid inaudatuin ejusduin EpisoOM 

CicesL pronunciavii, Ideo," &c- A.D, 1323. 



NOTICES OF WINCHELSEA IN AND AFfER THE 
FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 

BY WILLIAM DURTIANT COOPKR, FSA. 



The meeting holden at Wiiiclielsca in the summer of 1854, 
enabled me to call the attention of our members to some 
matters couucctcd with tins ancient town, which had been 
left unnoticed, or were but briefly referred to, in my His- 
tory; and I am anxious to place several facts on record 
which have come to my knowledge since 1850. 

Among the Carltou House Ridu' MSS. has bt:eii found a 
copy of the charters and many interesting extracts from 
the town records made on March 17, 1500-1, entitled "A 
Certificate of Wm. Egglestonc,' Mayor of the towiie and porte 
of New Wynchclsey, aud hia brethrcne, made by the co- 
mamidcmcut of William Lord Marquess of Wynchcstcr (Lord 
Treasurer of Inglandc), and Richard Sackvjle, KnL (Vico 
Treasurer), Sir Walter Mildmayc, Knt. (Chituccllor of the 
Exchequer), and Gilbert Genird (Attorney General of the 
Quene's Majesty), of all the writings yet ioimd in the towne 
of New AVyncheisey that do concern and toncbe the title of 
the Manor of Iham, as by o' liberties do declare the bounds 
thereof, to the Queue's Highness out of the Exchequer the 
6th March, 3 Elizahelh, 15fiO.'* The original Inspeximua 
Charters of 15th June, 5 Henry IV, and 14th Fehrnary. 
8 Henry IV, were then in existence, and also tlie charter 
dated at Westminster, 5th June, 3 Henry IV, to wall and 
ditch the town; and copies are transmitted. And in the 
Cotton MSS.^ there exist many materials for a fuller history 
of the town, whilst it was yet flourishing in that part of the 
reign of Henry VI which preceded the hist attack of the 
French, From this MS.^ as most worthy of extract, I give 



» He wnaM-P-for tlwlo»n,7 Edw.VI. - Jul:u», B. if. 



YIU. 



26 



202 



NOTICES OF WlNCHtLBEA 



the following curious and very early list* of the customa of i 
the town, indicating a large auiouut of trade in wine, &c. : — 

O^DINANCfiS OF THE TOWN AND UABBOUB) 
Ump. Hbh. VT, 

*■ Theia ben tlie ordynance made on Sunday,* 

the ixv dftv of Aprill, and Ihd yer of the 
reignc of tiiig I[. VI<*. y" V^ (1^27), 
ill the hundred ther held, 

" JJvri. Tliflt al manner strangers us well dyns>iia (deni^ca*) as fraunchyaed 
(J^hkh) pay tho uialitotc ^ of all mwauer merdiauudjsc Lkfltr the ordyuuunce 
of old tyme iisod and ai.'nsliim[*d. 

"0/th4 oU erpe*ws. — AJbo» that the coatts of wryttes nni retoums oF 
writes of sute of partye ben rcred [raised) of hem tUjit tliay boi take for, yf 
iLay be of ojieratiou m the franchise. 

" TAiit /to matt Imte no hoik leUhont Use of Mayf: — AI'W, yt ftU tnanner 
inerchaunJyae as well dcynaeins franchysed as nott franehysyd and Etran;?era 
comyng and bryngyng luerchondysc into j" havyn to sil iLcr merchaundice 
or yt will breke t!ier bulkoi It ia ordeiiyd and ifTerund by the Mayr, 
Ijayliff, Jurats^ iind all the coinonalte, tliat tlii? niaieter of \\xaX sdiyp &o ' 
oomyng in com to tie mayr and trulj ccrtefy be bis olhe bi.- oweLli to y" kyng 
and to y* town how moche chafer or mercbundyse is withiii bis seldp and 
whos they ben or perleyn to, and also y' commonalties clerke entre the 
nutyfltcr^a name and the schip with Ld aaid parccb of the mtrcbuuDdbe in 
yt coni^yiid aftfr the qiuintite of the maister*B knowlpge, and that CTeryj 
luaister of veasell thus c^imyug in by warned by bis host, who so be be, toi 
hohi and kepe this ordynance up on pnyn of losyng to the eyde (aid) of the| 
town ixfl. i juid to l}e rcrtd of i\\K H<;liip|* anil lueirbuuiidise by the uiayr, 

"•That Ttff tarrn ly no mercfiandhe ahov e*. — Alao^ tbnt no manner man by noJ 

manner chafer or niercbauuillae wilhiu the frauuebise, or coQiyng i[^ to tha 
frafuichise or faai'yii, of socbe chafer or mcrehaundise tbnt the valvie of it ei- 
cetiith the sum of nae^.that all manner chafer so browgbt iiito the fraunt^iisQi 
by load or be water to be aold exeedyne the aom nbo^o anyd be profered first \ 

if not BbHululcly pr?Ti7tit'^tVTaBktrj>twitliui 
oa strict IiiulIb hs the nc?cedBiticH of llio 
flock permitted. ThiTe were jwlitiona by 

tbi^clcrgy^ nnd procliimattoas by biAbups, 
agninat barbers kfloping tlioir fthoji* (tJipn, 
tbi' pn-at ptact'*of roaifH rorgosfli[ks) open 
on Sundaj (M"ilk. rnl. iii, pp. 362-358); 

aod ILohni^bed and Ornfion cbroiLicle tha 
failare af tUi* attempt in ihe citj of Lon- 
don (o flhut up vii^rualler^' hoiiteii, and ■ 
to pn^TCQt Hhoemakera and toilurs Eronv ' 
takii^g hoTue to tlioir cuBtoniPra on iho 
aniiHaj tba pTioea &nfl gitrTnont* thay hmd 

* Town dmja. Uy stnt. 25 BJw. I, 
c. 7i it wOH intorprcUd to b« a toll of , 
40«, for avi?ry sRok of wool, — (knutCa Law i 
I>ict. 1727, 



> JuUu9,B. ir, ful. 2tb. 

' The hundred court seemH to havu 
been uauaUy iiijld on the Sunday during 
tbifl nigii, and priflouera to haro been 
tried oa that day- In bia most valiiubla 
Abatract and [lluatrAtionn of the Roll of 
Bishop Swinficld, Iho Rer. John Webb 
shows, that at the close of tbi- tbirteeutL 
muE.ury tlio obfli^tTancc of tbe tiabbath 
wan bj no mnxn' itrict. It wbh an b 
duEifiny tbftt the bbhop made hin bow at 
court, Bnd^H'ularlniAmeBBn'Ba trruisacledr 
On a Sunday &\Aa i\\e bi^lkop^a nophi^n 
and ehaneellor of TTi^Hford, nndcr tha 
biihop'i own njuf^uiiltfred into u oonlmi-'t 
for borrowing money for the prclate'e ubo. 
To tha time of Henry VT Iiowitrep the 

cii^Tgj pad prebtcfl oiiiloaTOUTod to obtairi 

abcttCTobnimnceoflhi'Sabbath. Traffic, 




IS AND AFTKR THE FIFTEKWTH CENTURY, 



203 



tollieiaflyrandcommonaltjtoby, alwflVflTjaed that yfthtranyratid the com- 
monalty refuse tliat ciiafrr or nierchaunJise, Ihfit tben it shall bli leful for every 
mnn to by at hia owen lii^t. And cvtrry frfiiLcliiacil mnn bc^iig at tbe byiiig 
part with Ihp bynr after liis profH?rtye yf he claymfl piiHp, and wilh a strauiigc 
byot to bnvu halfe yf be will cbalaD^c to. And that tht^ ordyiians be kept, 
the Mnyr and Bayllff and Jurata, kc,, have eatablvslied U> be observed ujton 
puyii i>f \\s. io bi; ri-T<;d by the niayr at evi^ry tyme of bym us tbai iu soche 

wysc acnyiia thi? ordynans alTcinditb. 

" Tj^a^ no stranger sH no goth fo amthtr stranger. — Alao, that no strangtT i 
scl no gods to analbcr stranger^ yff any franchised man will chiynae parte, 

■*r* no stranger lejf no iryw a land nUAoHfe lew. — Also, it is ordyiiixi and 
nlFt^nacil that all atraungcra thui louden wyno within tbo FrauncbyBC, a^d achip 
it ogayn without tbe nmyor'a leve, that tbny pay for every ton wyne stbypix^d 
Hf^i^D or snbl Iti Ibe srhip or on lend to atraunger or fraunchiaed ij»., cicept 
it be sold to thi^ liole commonojty in grete, 

" T^at no Wronger sell no K^n without leve of the ma^or, — -AJbo, Ibnt no 
fltran^r eel no wyn so layd on land in psirrell without knowlRrbe at^d bvi* of 
the loayr aud eoraons bave refused tbr hole upon payn of xvj- to be rered of 
the bycr and (he seller in moiie at evtry lymc so offefidyng ngajnst tliia 
ordytianru by tbe nuiyr. 

"That no afranffe merehand Sfll na Wyn to anotk^ UrengS mtrchauMdff. — 

Also, that no Strang merchant sell no wyn within tlie fmnchysf to no 
stronger upon payn of xl*. of the seller, to be rered by the mayi witho»itfl 
leve of ihe inajr. 

'* Aho, thnt all tnannoT of goods, as vitaylu or m^elmndyse, tak<ni over tho 
fl« or brougbte into the franchj-se and siM or bowsed, and so as thai go<le 
is lomt'd to mercbaimdisc, llie vitelcr Iherof aehoU pay uialitote for thnt godc 
after thu qnautite as is of old tynie used. 

"AisOj it ia ord^i^ed by the [riu>T and coDuuonalty, that tbe common 
ueyghera, drowers^ or porters of the trjwn be ebarged by their olhis duly ami 
truly to certefye the mayor nnd the common clerbe*' it to entre, in tyme of 
byndage and all other tymya of the yer, from whom, wletber, ond how mocho 
vryuu, oyl, hony, wax, or any othpr nierchuuiidisa toun&d, pypyd, barelled, or 
bayled, that tliay cray up, m payn of fctrfate their oflyse, and ecbe of the 
porters to pny for that ofenae yj«. vi^t/., to be rered for defawte of eertflfying 
to the inayr. 

'* Also, that oU manner chafer, merpbaundise, and gods^wliat ever thay be, 
carnud in thr- iov/n and sold und rctuylcd by honds, pay malitotc ufl for fioche 
gods of old tyme used. 

" Also, that all men frauncbysed and devnayns holdyng opyn achoppc pny 
for Lis ?ehupp aft^r tlie quanlyte of the schopp ; and yf tliay'hold more thau 

on, pay fur jm tiiaiiy as c;vt^ry bolilt Q|Knd and severalty jiiirU'd. 

** Also, thnt ever^ man of tbe town Ihnt by<.'tb any corn oute of the toim or 
in the town, and selieth it agayn within Inglond,schall payof every some' Id. 



* TbotDiu Grert nu town pldrk ia 1427 
andtm 33 Hen^VI (1144) ; at Eastrr 1445, 
Tliomai] Wi'At viidi'ri of Hiurinf,'4 npiHiirH 

uhin fiuccespoj-, Co(lo[i,Jubufl,U.iT, p.73, 

' Thpseamc, suni.orhonfLoiul, r^uircd 

bj^ the Stntulc of Anaitu, temp. Edw. I, 

to bo a weight of lOOlb., by whtch so 



ninny aalLiblo nrticlM wptd mraHuPod or 
ttc-iglied, ftfljB the RcT. John Wohb 
(Koll of KtLHiard de SMrLiillnhJ, notr^ 
p. 116) " wnB n rude cQiifriTnuiv AuitrHl 
(0 miHsrablfl roods, u^ror vrliicb no irUvtii 
couZd Dukr waj, nnd biu bwn ftlwayi 
BdopL«d in mounUinouv dulrictfl," 1 



204 



NOTICES or WISCHELSEA 



"Also, that nomanforsUU no vitayle comvng into the lownward, upon payn ! 

of iijff. uiji», and forfBytyng of the same Fitnylla. 

"Abo,tbat no achapman atrounger atonU in the town m no plact but in the 
mtirkplt phiM, upon pain of iiiff, iiijf^,, and tlmt the oat of bym whiini hyin of \ 
tills onlyiiaunce, and that no acbupmnn cjiUed bawkera be tofercd no mor to 
go in the lomx lo aell their schafcr. 

'*AIso, tbct oil muiuier ecbupiiiori and artiTiaere that ht do freeman pay . 
doul>lc molitote, and that be couutroliyu^ of men uf the aaine croft. 

"Also, that no manner of slraungcr liold do srliojipe or craft nor mciobaun- 
dyae opyn in the town without levc of tlie oiayr over a yer and a tliiy, but 
he be made frcmac or make a fyne inth the mayr, taid bXsq pay Jouble 
motltote for kia sthufcr or art that he uacd- 

"And that tlie mayx that ia and for the tymc abidl be governing se aud 
ordayn that dJ go<le and old« OTdynaiinc^a afor lyme madt^ and now renewed 
Ijc hokteti, kept, anil suateyned, and that the pnyne afore singulcrly specyfyed 1 

be rtred uf Lhe brekcr* of the ordynaiiiices, aud that tlic uiajr octiinple of] 
them so nrPTpd, nml thnt he do didy niid opynly this GXuniHoti ; nnd for the I 

faute of hvQ of the aame payo at his acomptz to be eharj^ed witk the sanio 
payn and of hym to be rered. 

'* Also, it ia ordeyncd that evfry fyacher bote of Tyeardy comyi^g into tho | 
fraunohya pay al his first comyng in, to the eytle of the town v*. of fllprlyng, . 
and at every seoaou thflt icbe of ihein make and eome into the fraunehys, paf 
and d<.lyver to the mn)T of tlie town ijj raakerells, yf so maay he lq the bote, 
aa our men done (have done) witli them. 

" Also, that all roauncr atroungtrs or fraunchyacd seliyng bcUctts wltbin Uui] 
frannehyae pay lo the towu of every u' vodc so sold within the ^onehyse i 
withoute, id. 

"Also, of all manner schafer, as wai, bony, frute, sope, oyle, or otherj 
achefi^r tliut ia sold, pay of Ihe puwudc iiijr/, of that part ii noitc Ht^ndid by! 
thv oh] mall tote. 

" Also, that no common woman dwelle in no strete of the to^n, but in lliftl 
utuioat parte of the town, upon pay n of losing and payin;^ every quarter to tltel 
f owu her tyme aby Jyng ther in yis. viijrf., and xijrf. quarterly to the serjeanlc^ ' 
to rere it or pay it hymadf after he hathc knowledge j and that no eonm-ion 
woman he found walkyng in the town after ooperfeua^ upon paynof iiJA-iiy/i., , 
and that ache wher (wear) no bode within the town, upoo payn of losyng it, 

" Also, that no boehor ne other man throw no gore ne telth by syde tha ' 
wallifl, npon payii of iijj. iiijt^, to be rered of byiu tbut so ofTenditb thtreiu, 

" Also, thjit whftt man ran pro™ or etrlefy the mayr of any man tlmt rasted 
any Inst or dong into the hnvyn, the prover tberof j^hall liavc xijrf., and he that 
doth it to pay the sayd xijc/., and for Ihut affenee to pay to the town im, 

"UfK cojuiit. {Siindaif) iij die Appl, J" R. R. Htnrki Fin Jtr^y* {U40). 

"Also, that no aehyp ue vessL'll featen no rope on the common key, ne lay 

no(ne) above on lend to moor by, hut he pay for every rope ao lnyd on laud 

mftj ai1(1, thai thr roada oiud hure hetii 

bod iEirlccd, and iIlc hor^Gfi vvTj ind^Qbrt^nt, 
nhen 100 Ih. was a loail, vhjji^t at the 
prPMnl djij 1 he winner of pv'ry Derby, at 
Vhrce yiTBrs old, mid j-nnnjiigat full tir(V<l. 

c*m<a 119 lb. The anm er horsplgnrf, 



in 3us»ei, noir mcnnA a measura or loadof 
8 b[iBlid«, nbii^h, uf wheat, would weigh 
HOmo LHOlb., j>roroals 3^20 lb. 

^ The durfm ifl Btill toUed at &U^ 
CLomcul's, IIiiBiiiig*. 



IN ASD AFTUR THE FIFTEENTH CUNTDRV. 



205 



If^., what veasell so it be, at every tyme the vessel! remerith Ihcns and comithe 
agnyu. 

*' Also that cvoiy tiluu llmt OL^npyt^lb tliL* koj -pay vurfngc, tluit ie to oaj, 
for every tun wyn layd a Linrl oti the key, W.; for every tonn of other chafer, 
W. ; for every bate of iiij*:. and above. Id.; for every iij^ancl henethe, id.i for 
every Lerthcii tlint ij jiieii bur, idr^ for every liora!o<lf, id.\ for every whityne 
oi cort lotlc tli»t eoitiyLlie on tlit ki'v witL wlieU^Si ^d.; for stulage of iij'^' 
huletts, id. ; for every horse or grete beat aehypped or unwhypp«d tberj li.j 

for viij shepe. \d.i for every lode broght ivith jul hora of what gode sumcver 
it be, i^, 

" Also, tlint no vessdl ley abord tlie key on uo aide, but in tyme of ladyng 
or dyflcharging the anycl vcsacll in Icttyng of other vcsacla vcLclcra. And if it 
ly ledger to pay the wharfage at every tvTne iid. that the vesael! is remeveJ, 
Alwuy nvyacU that do veleler be It:tt ne uon other vess<ill to charge or Uya- 
cJiQi^e al tho kay where most ese may ben by color or favor for the ijd., bot 
that the veaaela he remeved at all tyme ncccasaryc and avaylc lo tlie vrarfnge." 

In the same reign ^ waa issued tliis proclamation, to regu- 
late the quiet atul sanitary state of tbc town : — 

"The Maire and Jurats of Wynclielse chargen and aunaunden in onr 
sovcrGigno lord the Kyogr'a bcbalf, thut no manuor ptraoiits or pcraouc, of 
what degre or condicion that they or he be, mnko any asemhltta, iiisorrtv- 
eiona, congrpgnciona, or nflyuitees, contrary to the statute thenippoa ordeyned 
and established, upon payne in the siime conteigned, 

''Also tliot no manner personc wiUun thia towne boldyug any hoslryc or 
otherffisp, Inggc any persone auapected, vaeahotrnd, n(^ estmnger, len^r than 
one nyght and one dny ivitboule a cause resonahle accordyii*^ to the statute, 
upon pa}Tic iu Ihe same statLite coriteigned, or ellis to gcve the malre of this 
scid Iowa enkiiowlechc therof, U[>oe payne of imprisonement. 

'* Item, tliat uo raanoer ptTsonea play at tenyse, dyfie, cjird*, (juoit^ aor nt 
the bowlya, nor at any other unlnwfull game in the strcte, nor at the towne 
gn-ne, upon payne of every pcrsoni? so founde playing ^Ijd., aa ofte us they 
soo play. 

" Item, that no manner pcraoncs lele their boggii to renno nt largn in tlip 
Btrets of this town eontrnrie to the annnient uaa^'a and cnstumcs aforetyme 
usyd and ocustnnicd, upon p^iyne of slcing of the same liogga. 

" Item, that al manner pcnones havyng any shepc. sutfre not them to roiOG 
at laL'Lff^ in the atrela, but only to kcpe thcia clo«c iii poature^ upon payu of 
every poll \d- to hf puyde withouten any pardon. 

'* Item, that all houchers stee ne selle any vmholaom ne corrupt vitaill, upon 
payne of every ndder '^ best so alayn iija. iiijr/,, and every other bent xyrf. ; 
nor that the said lioucbera kepe their viuiill upon iher stalls leager then it Iw 
good and hoUom for the King'a liege people, upon payne of impriaouaient. 

" Item, that no aianner (man) were ne here any sword, byllys, ne glevya, or 
any other unlefull wepyn^ upon payne of imprisoaenient and forfeiture of the 
same unlefull wepyn, 

" Item, that no manner pcraonc dwcUyng williiu thia town, being no fran- 



* Cotton, Jalin», B. iv, fol. 36. 



» Full'growQ» ftidshed, or folted. 



200 



NtJTiCKS OF WIVCHELSKA 



(jhiae^l troche any wync without liwnce of the maier, upon payne of tve 
pijw offfjne so hroclit^d iijs. iiijrf. 

" Item, tliat aU bouchtTa frotu liensfortb cast no blood oci otber cNDirupcioti 

of socUc beat aa tlic'y slcc in Mondaycz intiL^k^t, nc \i[toa Ibo pctidniitz of thi9 
town, nor in tbc slreta of the name, upon pjiyne of impriaonment, 

**ltcm, that fjo mnnner infln casl any dung, thiist, or caren ov^r the lov 
wftll, upnn payne of losyng uf iiijrf. and bys body to prison ; and that no maa 
make any duiigbylla ui tlii; streia nor ufbre theirt^ dooriat nt^r to cast auji 
caren in tlie slrets, upnn piiyne nf forfetiir of lijrf. ; and that every mna 
nvoyde all socbe duD^hilla as ben now in the atreta and afore theiie dooris b 
Whitsontyde n^xt ramyng, upon payn of losyng of vi*, viijtf. to be paid 
withoute any pardon, 

'* Item, thftt nil the bftkerfl of this town hako from hensforlh onys in the 
weke ferdyng " brede, yf ibey bake any what brede, upon p&yn of j'^d, ae ofte^ 
aa thei doo the contrie. 

" Item, thai no aian dyg nor undremyn any sand of the pendauiits, undn 
y" town walls, upon puyu of vjj. viij*/." 

CmitpUT^alion. — It is fratii the Cotton MS. that Sir Francia^ 
PalsE[rave^* took the inquisition, tried on Sunday, i4th April, 
13 Henry Vi (1435), on the death of Alycc Colynborough^ 
when Agues Archer was allowed to be cleared by the oath of 
CompiirgaHon of twelve out of thirty-six good and lawful men 
duly summoned ; but Sir Francis was unable to find thdi 
mode in which the jury were summoned. The same case 
mentioned in Egglestonc^s return as taken out of the parchJ 
ment book of the hundred court holden on Sunday, 24th 
April, before Thomas Thunder, Mayor ; and in the Cth claus 
of the Custuroul," the mode of summoning the juiy, and of 
proceeding, is thus given : — 

**AcqaUtonce of a Ft*lon. — It is ordained in the ii&oges of WincheJspji, that 
wlicn a uion oiig;ltt to be acqnilt^^d by thirty-aix men, that firat Ihr uames wf 
the thirty -ais tnen shall l>p di'livereil to the bniliff by the mun who is ap|>eaW, 
in wilting, and tliose thirty-six men ongbt to be called by their names ; and 
if any of thum^ when cnlled, be absent and answer uot, th^n ibc man that U 
appetiled ahall he put to dealb. And if tlity nil nppi-jir, aEid answer by name, 
the which being called then of Ihe king'a grace that shall be the beet twelrc 
of tl:e said thirty-sii men, ond the ffrate of the mayor and of Ibe sworn men, 
twelve, 90 that the mayor and bailiff of them nil chase twelve, the which left 
them^ to swear what the man, who is appealed, shnU swear on a boolc, that he 
13 not guilty of tiiat which bo is appealed of, na God him help, and the Holy 
Church, and ho kiss the book. After that the twelve men tiiat have been 
chosen to swear shall confirm the same oatb, that the man apne-aled made, 
and 80 the man appealed to qnit. If any of the twelve men wiibdraw tUeir 



^' ProtFiblj "fourlir' p!&bb, or 
moit n>uiuiun bra#ii bmd. 



iho '^ Jnlhia, B. iv, G7h,; App. to Ee 

Comnionn'uaUii, civil, 
" Cooper** WindhQlAn, p. 219- 



tS AND ATTEE THE FIFTEENTH CENTPRT, 207 

lanjfl, and will not sn'«iLr, Uien almll lie wlio U appenltU be jiut to liealU ^ 
unil if he he ni-qiiit,^ Lhen slinll the appllor be atfaclied, by his body, oud all 
bis goods, to the will of the king/' 

Shipping. — Tlie expeditions which sailed for the relief of 
Normatidy during the lust struggle to retain it m English 
Laiidf^, suited from Soutbamploii, Saudwicb, and Wiiicbelaca, 
and some of tlie ahipa of tbia port were emptojed in the 
eervice. At Southampton was employed, in 17 Ileniy VI, 
the Mary, 120 tons, William Morfote, owner, receiving 100*. ; 
whilst there were in the service of the Earl of Shrewsbury 
and tlic Duke of York witli their troops, the tbrmcr of whom 
embarked in the same year at Wiuchelaea ^^ — 



Tbc Mar^ 


IDU tOD9 


. llobort Johnson, utoster 


. Pay, M. 


GracaDieu 


50 „ 


. John Prntt j. 


„ &3-.4J. 


Peter 


70 . 


Rabert Briggenden „ 


„ fi3j- W- 



And in 20 Henry VI, the Earl of Shrewsbury again em- 
barked here, and GodthirdPulhara, the Muyor, was rL'inibursed 
the expenses ineurred by the town in keeping the forces here 
previously to their embarkation. 

Ed'ecidioiis. — Of old the persons condemned to death were 
to be executed in the Salt Morsh, on the north part of the 
town ; but EnwARD IV having, by the general charter of the 
Cinque Ports/^ granted a license to each port to set up 
a gallows, we tind that on lOlh February, 5 Edward IV 
(14G0), John Copeland, on being convicted before Thomas 
Thundefj Mayor, of felony, was sentenced to "be takeu to 
the prison of the king, by the middle of the King's-street^ aud 
to be thenee taken beyond the gate in the south marsh, and 
to be there suspended on the gallows by the neck till he was 
dead."^* The sentence was carried out ; luid this is the first 
recorded uae of what is still named the Gullows Piehl, over- 
looking the Pewea Matsh> The gate is curiously enough 
named, as in London, New-Gate. 

Beca^ofthc Town. — I have also to note additional evidence, 
that after the last attack by the French (14411), tlua nnfor- 
tunutc town very soon fell to decay. In the Supplementary 

'^ TflBii© EoU, Rolls House M3S., 17tb ^" EgglcBtone** lletum. 

Heu-VE, bLtr not rai»cd tiU Eubur, 21 "^ lb. 

Hon. VI. 



208 



NOTICEfi OP W1NCHKLBEA 



Tale to CliftHcer'fi Cftnterbtiry Talpn}"^ in the Merchant's Serom 
Talc, or the History of Bering, writtea towards the close of 
the fifteeuth century, we find the foUowiiig on the fall of once-J 
iinpDrtaut towns : — 

*' But silh that terrene things ben oat pcrdurabiU, 
No niet^aile is, though Rome be aomewhat varUbiLl 
Fro honour nnd fro well, aith hia frcDiiea paaaid ; 
hi rnuiiy aoDlhfr town u pa^rtd and ^-laaaid, 
Witliin IhfHe few ymfln na we mow se nt eve, 
Lo^ Sirs, here fast by Wynchelse and Ry/^ 

In the expedition of Ileury VIII againat France, 1545, the 

ships of the English fleet, in case of ditficnlty, proposed 
avail themselves of the roadstead at the Camtjer, under cove 
and protection afforded by the new castle. 

In this expedition^ on 10th Ang. 1545, there were employed] 
no Winchclsea boats, but the following boats of Rye^^ were! 
engaged : — 

FOR THE TASWAHDB, 

Tliomos Hobertes . . The Mary George . 140 tons &nd 115 men. ' 



AnclToivc Churclie 
Wiili;tm Plnkye 

Ithrk Joiison . 
John Brcdea , 
Jaiii^a JoLiaon . 
Dnvid North . 
John Emery . 



FOR THE WTNO. 

The Oeori/e ....<. 83 



Jhesun ..... 
Janas . , . . . 
Mart/ Gifonji! . . . 
Trivitit .... 
Mary Jtimes ^idther 



Oljver BurlOD 



and 
The Mary of nasCings 



37| 

30 
SO 

924' 
32 



Three boata of Rye had been also employed to watch the 
French coast ; and on 9th August, Lisle gives to Paget the 
account of how one master was chased after he liad seen six 
ships and one hundred other sail : — ''This ys one of Mie besteJ 
botes of Rye, and he that ya owner and capitnync in her, yai 
name ys Andrew Kyrke. I do think veryly, that the pour mav 
saw no leas than lie sheweth, for he ys notyd to he a very! 
honest true man."^* The king's ships with victuals wer 

" Porty goe., cd. T. WrigLt, ToL iJi, p. 216. t. 7«. 
' '^ 6t»te Paper», vol. i, 812. >« Ibid. 809. 



IN AND AFTER THE F[FTE£NTU CENTURY. 



209 



oft' Rye; and op 14tb September tlierc were discliarged with 
the boats of Rye, for their fishing, one hundred and fifty- 
two men. 

In tAe ihne of Elizabeth^ altlioiigh thu town was goiio 
wholly to decay, the iiilmbitaiits sought to extend tbcir 
privileged exeiuptions. On Soth April, 1582, Ilarberd 
Pelhani, Esq,, was eallcd before the council, and questioned 
why he refused to take on himself th(3 otfire of slieriff of 
Sussex ; and hu jiiatified his refujj^d bucausu he Lad hv\2\\ per- 
suaded that, fts he was then iuliabitiiig Wyiiclielsey within 
the liberty of the Cinque Porta, he was discharged by the 
choi'tcrs of the ports from all ofBces out of those liberties; 
but he now confessed he was wrong, and was thereupon dia- 
missed without punishment at that tiiiiOj "for that he had 

m before coninutted by the Lord Treasurer to the Mi^- 

laea, where he had remained a month and two daya;" 
hut Edmund Pelham, of Gray'a Inn, was committed to the 
Fleet for "boldness and oflence," in his defence of Ilarberd 
Pulham before tlie cnnncrL^ 

When the Spanish fleet was expected the inhabitants 
could not muster a veasel for the royal service, and made 
this return ?^ — 

" To the Rigbt Honorable Sir WUliflm Brookf of Ibe fflrooiise order of the 
Garter, kni^'ht, ouc of tlie most honorable Privy Council, Conslflbk of her 
Majeatie's Cttstlc of Dover; Lord Gobiiam, Lord Warden, djAnci-ler and 
AdmiiiiH of l.liL' duqe porta aiiJ tlieir mexubora, or to hb nEutenaiit, the tuubr 
Had jurats of Wynchtliey, with a\\ reverence, send greeting. 

" fTt/ar/if'heif us.: We have received a lelLrc dircded from your honor, toge- 
ther with n m^ndat from your sajd lieutenant, for the due eT[ectiLiage of tlie 
contents of the snyd kttre, and iheieiippoa we do ccrlefj and reionie uuto your 
honor that Ihtrc arc uot bclongiji<;c to the towoe of WLichdaey noy ahipps, 
burkes, or vessels, nor yet any masters and able niariivers therein, but ondy 
one aayler, liy name WilJiam Buxstane, which ys now in a voyage to Rochell/' 
Endorsed ; *'Tho anawere of the moior and jurats of Wyncbclatiy, under the 
sealc of olTicc of uinioralty there the v'^ day of February, A.*» B.. Eliaabctb 
xiiK^ A" Lai. 1636." 

At this time the return from other places was — 



Hastings 


abips, 15 


tons, 474 


masters, 1 B 


able-bodied mariacra, IOQ 


Byo . . . 


„ 4S 


. 


M 30 


U9 


Saniiwit'b 


r. +H 


„ laifl 






HyUie . . 


M 10 






B6 



^ Murdin'* BiAto Pfipor^ p. 371. 

» MeS., Statu PApor OlHiio, Domtatio^ 1687, b^o. fii3, 



VllI, 



27 



210 



HOTICEB OF WlNCflELSBA 



In August 1687, the following ships of the ports were 
appointed to serve her Majesty :^^- 









Wftffct KDd TEctult 


FortL Ships. 


Tdm. 


Ha. 


per monthr 




39fi 


249 


. je332 




190 


160 


21S 6 8 


80 tons, fc Diamond, 40} J * 


120 


95 


126 13 1 




40 


30 


40 


Hjthe 1 


60 
826 


50 

G84 


66 13 4 


TotalB ... 13 


. £778 13 4 



By the certificate of the Lord Warden, dated October 
the following were all the barks of the porta :^ — 



Sandwich 



^prU. 



Deal . . 
Walmcr . 
Bamsgate 
Dover . 



Mm^te. 
St, Peter's 
Birchingto 
HaatingB 



m (none) ) 



Bye (barlcea and boats) 



Brigbtlingsea 
Hjthe . . 
Lvdd . , 

WiuclieUea , 



Faversbam . 
Folkatone • 
New Romney 
Seafcrd , . 
Ferenoey 



Shjpt. 

40 

5 
4 

12 

26 



n 

20 



34 



12 

10 

8 

1 



FaKJcnlan of ToDDhge, 

Two being of 60 tons, and 
going down to 3 tona. 

Largest, G tons - . . . 

Of S tons each , , . . 

Banging from 19 to 5 tona . 

One of 120 tons, one of 100, 
and one of 70 tons* 

One of 40ton9,and one of 28. 

One of 42 tons, one of 37, 
three of 36, and the re- 
mainder down to 12 tons. 

TJU BUtting of Ood, of 30 
tons, was one ; and of the 
remainder, 22 boats with 
221 men and 140 boys 
were at T annoutb, fishing. 



7^ JbAn of 2 tons, of which 
Nicholas Penbongh and 
John LoTcU were masters, 
and Eobeit PevenHhe, John 
Brown, James Lever, and 
Nicholas Bamonficld, were 
able-bodied mariners. 



26 
4 







VuUn. 

40 

5 

% 
U 

26 

14 

88 



34 



16 
9 
8 



23 
9 






1587, 

Unibon. 

6S 

80 

6 

66 
150 

60 
136 

291 



47 
19 
%9 

4 



34 

36 









Totals , . 214 
» Has., state Paper Office, Domettie, 1587, No. 432- 



228 DS2 
» IHd,iro.46S. 



TN AND AFTJSa THE FIFTEENTH CESTUflT- 



2H 



And on 15th January 1595-6. a meeting was held at Rye 
to determine as to the division among the western ports of 
two ships out of the four of IGO tons each imposed on the 
porta for the Queen's service, when it was agreed that one 
ship of 160 tons should be prepared^ of which Rye was to 
bear the charge of 50 tons, Romney and Hastings 40 tons 
each, Wiiichclsea 15 tons, and Seaford 8 tons ; and £300 were 
ordered to be levied in Hastings for their expenses of the 
40 tons."* 

lit the Commonwealf/i we have the testimony of John 
Evelyn^ as to the complete ruin and melancholy state of the 
town. On 4tli June 1652, he says, " I went to Rie to meet 
her" (his wife), "wlierewas an embargo on occasion of the late 
conflict \y^^ the Holland fleete, the 2 nations being now in 
warr, and which made sailing very unsafe. On Whitsunday 
I went to the Church fW' is a very fairc one) and heard one 
of their Canters, who dismissed the assembly rudely and 
without any blessing.^ litre I stay'd till the 10th with no 
small impatience, when I walk'd over to survey the ruines of 
Winchi-lsoa, that ancient Cinq Port, which by the rcmaincs 
and ruines of ancient strcctcs and pubhc structures discovers 
it to have been formerly a considerable and large CItty, 
There ai^e to be scene vast caves and vaults, walls and towers, 
ruins and monasteries, and a sumptuous Church, in wbich 
ore some handsome monuments, ospccialy of the Templars 
buried just in the manner of those iu the Temple at London. 
This place being now all in ruhhish, and a few despicable 
hovells and cottages oiiely standing, hath yet a Major. The 
Sea w'^^ formcrley render'd it a rich and commodious port has 
now forsaken it," 

Tie Fair however, which was granted to John de Ghest- 
linges, one of the justices of the courts at Westminster,^ in 



" HitfltuigB CoppomTioQ Bccardfl. 

» Diary, od. 181S, toL i, jj- 359. 

** Most probably tbo Rev. Tlios. AUen, 
wlio was oni^ df the e^eeted minlnten. 
{CaUtay'e Life of Baxter, vol. ii, p.GyS.) 
ACVur \\\ti vi[»r, Thoa. Wivrreii, db given 
in Mr, Uoilowaj'B Eiat (Ry^ pn^c 527) 
undiT tlie da^t' tA 1619, Brian Tw^ni-, stin 
pf Dr. Tliufl, Twjij'*, Y-m vicar. Uq wan 
Ti^:ar on '»b July, leatl. and lifldfttnus- 
qinit fumifilicd tIIurLMS8.703,p. IflOb). 



Tlie vic<ange wn« ieqi]DBti>nHl fis>m him to 
John Beaton (Book of PI nod*; rid Winis- 
Icrfi), wliosi- Iwo sons, John HuaUm of 
Kirdilird, nml Nc^E'iiiinh ReaUm of Lttlle 
nor^UHl, wore qictod und^r i\vs Act of 
tJuiformity of 1000 {Lifif of Baxter, 
vol. ii, |i, 635). In I628^y, WUliom 
HuL-t, and in 1631, Abreyer Heibtfi', wetq 

miniBlcfB all Hji^ hut TfUetber vLoim or 

purattJB I itnoT not. 
^ Fofva' JudgM, tdI, ii, p, 350. 



212 



NOTICES or WINCHELBEA 



1 209, tu be bolden hi his fee near Old Winchcbea on 3rd May.' 
and the market, which was in 1215 transferrt'd into the old' 
tomi to be held before the church of the blessed Thomas,] 
were talifii to the new town. The fair was regularly lield on 
3rd May till tiu^ cliange of style, since which it has beeoi 
holden on 14th May, It must have been well attended down 
to thu close of the seventeenth century, Mr. Jeakc, jiin., in 
his IHafff (p.l80), says, '' 16'J4, May 3, 1 went to Winchclsca 
fair to speak to several debtors of my own and my ntolher'sl 
to pay ill their debts, and to inquire whether 1 could borrow 
any snuis. 1 met with Mr- Weekes, who promised to lend 
uiG £iOU next week> and Thomas Hnnt, who said be woald 
bring me £50 in part of the debt he owed me/' 

EccLESiASTH AL IIisTOHY — Mart/ Clianlt^. — I am enabled, 
by the kindness of Mr. Joseph Hunter, V-P. Soc. Ant., to give 
the dale and particnlars of the foundntion of this chantry. 
It was fuinulcd \\\ 1312 by Steplien Alard, son of Nicholas 
Alard and Isubul his wife, and in 1324 Cuptain and Admiral { 
uf the CiiKjuc Ports and of the king's westtrri fleet.^ The 
patronage w«3 in the Abbey of Laugalone, Kt-nt, in which 
it ri^maincd till the voluntary sarrtnder of tliat house 
Henry VIII, The Cartulary of Laugedone,^ among the 
CarlL Ho. Hide MSS., shows that hy indenture dated 23rd 
May 131-2 (TiicK(hy after of the feast of the Holy Trinity, 
5 Edward II), Eiiade between Willinm Abbot of Langedone of 
the one part, and Stephen Alard of Winch cl sea of the other 
part, it was agreed, in consideration of £:200 paid by Alard 
to the abbot, that the ni'cessary authority should be obtained, 
and that the abbot and bretlircn shoidd nmintain for over Iwo 
chaplains with filOyparly payment, to celebrate in tlie chapel 
of the Blessed Mary, in the chnrch of St. Thomas the Mar^r 
at WinL-lnlsea, and in the chantry by the said Stephen^ ther 
fonnded, daily service, that is, morning mass at the accuslomec 
hours, vespera and placebo and (Hr/f/e, for the souls of the' 
said Stephen and Nicholas his father, and Alice his wife, 
and Isabel his mother, and all his ancestors: the said 
Stephen tinding, for the first service, two chalices, two vest-j 



" Bot, Litt. Ckus, p. *37. 
" FoIb. I7l-17a. 



to my iTig^*l ron, ihnt thp st'cond inonu- 
tfy iru ercoUd (o Uii» Sirplicii ALltJ, 



IN ASD AFTEll THE FIFTKENTH CENTCftY, 



213 



nients, and one portifore,^^ nnd the abbot one missal, and 
bread, wine, and caudles ; alterwards the abbey was to find 
all bread, wine, vestments, ornaments, and necessaries of 
the cliuntry, and the abbot and his siiecessora were to be 
visitors. The nect^ssary authority was obtained in Trinity term, 
and on IDthJiine, 1313 (Thursday next after the feast of 
St. Bitrnabas), the abbot gave the bond of the ablay for pay- 
incnt of £10 a year to the chaplains, with powers of distress 
on the abbey manors of Lydncj and Enebroke. Alard also 
enfeofted the abbey, for tbe use of the chaplains, with a 
house lately belonging to his father, and formerly Jobnct'a 
(Itith quarter), the I'euffment being witnessed by William 
Semaii, William Pace, Vincent Herberd, Henry Pawlen, John 
lleynoldj Robert Alard, Benedict Aiard, John Colkyn, John 
de Giu'de, William de Bemcfelde, WiHiam de Swancombe, 
William Ixjteriht, and nmny otiifrs. 

On 20th December 1 130, William Skylle, who bad been 
mayor and member of |jarUameut, granted £2 a year to Sir 
John Ilylle aud Sir William Pyng^ite, then chagjlains of the 
cliantry or college of St. Nicholas, in tliu church of St.Thoraaa, 
for prayers for the soids of bis father William and Isabel his 
wifc» and fur the souls of all the faithful departed. ^^ 

In July l-llJil, the orraugcmcnta vero completed for the con- 
veyance of land given by John Salerne, who had also been mera- 
V-r for the town, one-third of the rent to be applied towards 
the sa^teiiancc of the church of St, Thomas the Martyr, another 
third towards the support of the church of St, Giles, and the 
rerriaitiing fliird towards thr n:pairs of tlie town-walls,^ 

III C'ardinfll Pole's Hook of Pensions, at Carlt. House Ride, 
2fith February, 2 and 'A Philip and iVtary (1556), there is 
noticed the pension of £B, 13*-, 4rf. to Oliver Stacey, late in- 
cund)ent of the eliantry at Wiachelsea. 

Famjlies, — O.vi^nhridgc^ of Ford Place, Brede; and Win- 
chelsea, — The facilities now offered by the Master of the Rolls 
for the exiuuination of puljlic recortis for literary purposes, 



^ MoTeahlo *flrtipo-booV or brcvijipj, 

" Cotton- MS-, Julius, U, \t. U\. 40. 

^ Dy, fola. 15 b, 17, His rfUl is dftled 

29tli Aray. 1133, Uia fcotTt'tH ircrr) Wit- 

Lum KiiFiJngliaiD, Ktibert Oi^Dbriil^'C, 

Joliu Ma}>j^^liiiri», Jul in Ui^ldc, imd 

John BeEynge \ Uo Idl two daugliu-n liiA 



iKiheirflj — Mnrgmut, miiFried ta Stephen 

ClinuEiipDj'TJC, and Joluiiini, mornf^d to 
M'illmQi CaiioTij M,r. Ibr Tho town in 
iniiinJ]t2G. iJoiliflTromli^loliaO, 
ftiid liimacEr u btneCitior to the tovru in 
6b]L IIdij. TI. 



214 



NOTICES O? WINCHELSEA 



and the pcnmasion given to me by Sir Francis Palgrave, the 
Deputy Keeper, have enubletl me to discover and give many 
particulars of this family which were heretofore beyond my 
reach {except at a cost loo heavy for a literary student). 
Mr. Thomas Krewen has lent me his eariy charters and deeds j 
the Court Rolls of BrightliDg have given me some particulars; 
and York Herald and Somerset Herald have so kindly aided 
my inquiries at tlie College of Arms that I am enabled to 
print a fuller and more perfect pedigree than is given by 
Berry in his Hants, If the authorities at the Prerogative 
Office in Doctoi-s' Commons would as freely open their stores, 
a very iutcreating family liistoi"j might be written, for there 
are wills of the Ojcnbridgea proved there, to procure office 
copies of which would require a heavy expense, iiici-cased from 
the very cause that the wills arc old, and therefore mainly of i 
literary interest;'^ and no extracts (except the date and names 
of executors) arc allowed to be taken. 

The family of Oxenbridge derived their name from Ackcn, 
Oaken, or Oxene-bridge. In the latter form (Oxencbrug) it 
occurs in a Saxon charter for Borsetsbire, given in Mr. Kemble's 
Coficv JJfjjlomaiieaSf Xo. 397 i and in the time of Edward III, 
m Sussex ; John de Oxenebrigge having been a juror on an 
Inquisition relating to the Kchiiighnnis taken Gth July 1339.^ 
The residence of this John, who ia the first of the family of 
whom 1 have found a notice in Sussex, was Atte Gate in 
Beckley, on the river Tillingham, a place about half way 
between Udimore and Beckley churches ; and the family name 
still exists in a farm of some hundred acres at Iden. In 1 34 1 . 
John was one of the jurors on the Nona; 'Inquisition ; and on 
6th January 1303, Geoffry, by a deed dated at Beckley, to 
which John Oxenbridge was a witness, released his right in a 
pasture in Beeklcy called Elysehregge to John Maynard,^ 

The family resided at Beckley till the time of Richard H, 
when one branch having, according to Leiand, married the 
heiress of Alard (the admiral) and assumed his arms; and 
having also purchased Ford Place in Brede of Joan atte Forde, 



*•* In Addition to th« willn mowi'ifpd hy 
me there gkuI in iho ofiira, wUh of tli^ 
foUuwljijy memly-re of tlio family^ ^^i 
John ind Oodfrej Oienbridgu (Reg. 
1&1I3-6), Thoniiw (1kg, I&Ol'B), Robert 



(R^- 1503-5), William (Hfg, IB49~64», 
Sir Robert fH«fi.lB73-t), aud John (Raj, 

» JiBirflEi:Mnehttm. p. 11. 

» Add. Charters. Brit. Mus. No, 971. 




IN AND AFTER THE FIFTEENTH CENTDRT. 



216 



removed thither. From the latter end of the fourteenth cen- 
tury, when they began thus to flourish, and throughout the 
whole of the fifteenth and the first half of the sixteenth cen- 
turies, when they were of considerable importance in Sussex, 
the Osenbridges were connected with Winchclsea. Here they 
had a town residence ; and both the houses of Friars here re- 
ceived their pious benefactions, though the Gray Friars was 
evidently the favourite house, receiving the Uirger bequests, 
iind having in 1497 the free return, under Adam Oxcnbridge'a 
will, of their chalice, which had been pledged to him for 30*. 
Members of the family filled uioat of the uflicea in the county, 
and acted as Commissioners of Embankment, Fuller (in hia 
Wodhim^ p. 113) mentions William Oxenbridge (of Beckley) 
and John Oxenbridge (of Sedleacombe) as Commissionera of 
Oaths for the county in 1433. 

Their brother, Robert Oj;enhfidge^ in 1404, owned property 
in Northiam, a part of which (the Parke nnd Bromfeld) ho 
conveyed to Henry Gotele in 1411 -^ in 1415 he was in the 
commiHsion of Array for Sussex ; in 1414, 1415, and 1421, he 
wa9 a Commisaioner for Embankments j on 2d Angnst 142fl, 
he was a feoffee for other property of the Gotelea ;^ on Nov, 
11, 1430, he was feoffee to uses of the will of John Saleme of 
Winchelaea;^ from 1st Dec. 1430 to Oth Hec, 1431, he was 
eacheator for the county;**^ in 7th Henry VI, he and William 
Oxenbridge were parties to a charter relating to land in Bekcn- 
ham;^^ and he held from the crown for his life, at a rent of £0^., 
the manor of Iham. We leam that he was dead on 6th Sep- 
tember 1433, and that his son Robert was his executor, by an 
inquisition taJien at Robertsbridge on that day, to inquire into 
the waste that had been committed at Iham by cntting down 
thirty oaks, which could not have been of great size, as the 
value was only 13s, 4rf.^ He probably married the heu'ess 
of the family of Ore, whose arms with their quartering for 
Hoplon have been since borne by the Oxenbridge family; and 
we know the name of the wife in every marriage later than 
this. 

Of his son, Robert Oxenbridge of Brede, and his property, 



" Ibid. 

« Julius, B.W, p. 426. 



" Carlt. Ho. Hide MSB, 
*' 'Ilflrl. ChflTlc^rs, 112. c. Up 
<* lEq., OnrJt. Ho. Bide, 



216 



NOTICES OF WINCHEL8EA 



we have particulars somewhat icorc ample. He was callcjl 
Jun". and Ins talher Sen', in 1419, in a charter rc'lating ta| 
WbitPeld Marsh. He purchased Bixle in 1459; in 1458 and 
1405 he was CommissiouL^r for Enibaiikmeiits, and in 1474 
for settling the ordinances of Romney Marsh. In 1459 he was 
jural of Winchclsea -."^^ and in 14S3 he was a freenmn residing 
at Brede. By lii& will dated 16th April 14S3, he directed his 
bodjf to be buried in the chapel of the Bltssed Virgin Mary, 
in the church of St, George at Erode, to the high altar of which 
he gave 6^> 8rf.,and to the church a missal, chalice, and set of J 
vestments. He also gave 20*, t^ the slyiuc of St. llichard at^ 
Chichester, and C*. fit/, each to the Friars Minors and Domi- 
nican Friars of Winchclsea, and to the Brothers of Rycj and 
appointed Anne his wife, and Thomas his sou, executors. 

In the k-3taracQt dated ISth October 14S:2, the testator 
mentions his wif^-'s brother Rnbcrt Lyvclodc;^* and he gave 
his house at Forth, and his laads in Rrodc and Udlniorc, to' 
his \vife for hfc, or till her second marriage, she keeping the 
chihh^n ; in case of her niairiagc she was to have an annuity 
of £20 a yiaar ; after her death or marriage, these lands were i 
given to his eon Thomas. To his son Adam, and Agnea hift 
wife, he gave his tenement in Southwark, called the White 
Horse. To his son fJodard his property in Winchclsea, and 
lands in Southvvark worth £10 a year. To his son Robert] 
he gave his lands in Ickleshain and Giieslling, purchased of j 
Henry Hall, Robert Alard, and John Paidyn. Robert waaT 
to pay Godard £4 yearly till he had lands. &c., in Southwark 
worth the £10 a year. Thomas was devisee of the residue of 
the property, and was to pay 10 marks a year to the testators 
son John (a clerk) till ho should obtain a benefice worth £10 
a year. The testator died on 9th March 1487, and was buried, 
according to his desire, lu the Lady Chapel. His will was 
proved at Lambeth by his widow and eldest son on lllh De-| 
ceojbcr 1488. She died on 27th February 1493-4, and was 
buried by the side of her husband. Jler figure, in graceful ] 
flowing robes, yet remains in a brass on the floor : the figure 
of her husband has however disappeared. The sliield of her 
arms also remains : on a sa/Her Jive Jtvur-dc-lis, the ventre in i 
pakj the others beiiJe^oa^a. 

"8 BaU. Abh. Bee. p. IIC. " Adam Livdode wds M.P. for Rjo in IM9. 



IN ANJ> APTEB THB FIPTEENTE CENTURV* 



217 



Thonias Omfihrulge^ the eldest son, was a lawyer of some 
noti!. He sectus at first to have been fully in the confidence 
of Richard III, for he was in all the Sussex commissions of 
the pence and array issued by that king;*^ but he afterwards 
gave in his adhesion to Ikiiry VII, and was elected one of the 
new serjeanta-atdaw on 10th September, Uth Henry VII," 
and the king and queen and chief lords dined on 10th No- 
vember at the Serjeants feast of that year, which was holden 
at the Bishop of Ely's palace in Holbomn^' 

There are some charters relating to him as tmstee of the 
Gunters,und as connected with the Fynes family, iu the Harh 
Charters (53 F, &-6, &cO, /ew/p- Hen. VII. 

By his will dated 12th Nov. 1190, and proved at Lambeth 
8th February following, be directed his body to be buried in 
holy sepulclire as it should please Almighty God, and gave 
13*. Ad. to the parson of the church of Brcdc towards the 
"glassing" of his chanceb He also gave an annuity of 10 
marks for seven years to Sir Robert Body, clerk, to sing 
masses and pray for him in the church of Brede, or in the 
chapel in his house of Forde. He gave to his wife Ajino his 
salteellars (silver-gilt), a gilt cup, and tiiree large powis** cups, 
pierced. He also gave a standing cop to his godson, Francis 
Fynes, provided his lord would he good lord to and assist the 
executors, to ensure which the cup was to he kept seven years 
after his decease by his executors ; to Master Thoraaa Fynes 
a cross, with a crucifix of gold; to lua brother Goddard his 
standing silver cup, with three angels; to his brother Robert 
a standing silver cup, grained, with a bird at the top, covered; 
to his brother John his crimson gown, furred with martens ; 
to his sister Margaret Cheync a large cup; and to his brother 
Robert his doublet of silk of his own wearing, and his gown 
of cotton, furred. He gave 10 marks to the repair of the 
bridge at Robertabridge ; 40^, towards the repairs of the 
roads between Ilcratc Cross and Rohcrtsbridge ; and 1 marks 
for repair of the roads betM'ecn Rye and Brede-high, He 



•* On 8th NoFcmbcr 11S3 he wm oho 
of (he caniiDi»aiotiura to take Lhc> ca^tJc of 
Bodiam frnm llip rvhcli ■ lie hud ttlso 
gTHDiod Co biTu tbo cufltorlj of K\\v lunda 
df Ririmrd, latcLonlDjicre, andlli? wiird- 
ebip and mnnTiiffeof Iho grflndson and 
LciFj Thoiiinfl j Aud ou LOtli April 14^ be 
VIII. 



waa in a »ppcuJ commi^tiion for triida in 
tbe Uiniiiip ports. — 9M Eep. of Uepul^ 
X.^«- of Puh. J?fr-,pp, IS. ai. 85, 104, 
107, 141, 146, '" Dug. ChfOQ. p. 75, 

*^ nolmaUod, p. 779| quotint; Slov. 

" Powjs, in Welsh, ia fliABUIoof being 
at rest, or flUtioiwrv. — Pugho'a Diet. 

2S 



218 



KOTICES OF WINCDELSEA 



also gave cattle or kine to his wife and to Lis servants, leaving 
likcu'iseto one the saddle and horse on which that servant rode. 
Heappointed theparfioiiof Brede, and his brothers Robert and 
Godaard, executors. And by his testaaicuthe Ijcmieatlied to 
his wife Anne his house at Ford and most of hia lands in 
Brede (except his newly inned marsh at Winchelsea Furry) till 
her second marriage, or till his heir male should reach twenty- 
four years of age, after which she was to have an annuity of [ 
£50 (being £30 more than his mothers jointure). He dis- 
posed of other property to his brothers, and among other 
estates the land purchased by him of Goddard, Thomas, John, 
and William, sons of George Oxenbridge. He also gave to 
his servant Thomas Loudeueyij*^ land at Fairllglit; and a 
messuage at Westiield, wilb a request that the theu tt^uatit 
should be allowed still to occupy it at the old rent. 

To the scijeant we are most probably indebted for the 
painted arms of the family which formerly existed in the 
windows of Brede church, and which arc now in the window 
over the Frcwcn pew in Northiam church. His eon (if any) 
could not have attained the jige of twenty-four years, for the 
Serjeant's brother Goddard succeeded to the property of Brede, i 
but 1 have not been able to find any Inquisition on the serjeant. 

The brother who died next was Admn Orrnbrid^e of Rye^ 
who, with his wife Agnes, on lOlh December 14^4, beefmie] 
lessees under the Priory of Hastings of land in Icklesham.^j 
By his will dated 26th September 14!)(), and proved atl 
Lambeth 4th November following, he directed bis body to{ 
be buried in our Lady's Cbapd at Rye, giving a sum to the' 
high altar there, and sums for the rcpamtions of Rye and 
Icklesham churches. He also left legacies to the Austiu 
Friars of Rye ; to the Friars of Lostenham,^^ and to the Grey 
Friars of Winchelsea, to whom he also left tbeir chalice 
pledged to him forSCi^. He mentions as legatees his daughter j 
Anne, and his sons Robert and John : to the sons, on attain-] 
ing twenty-one, he left property at Icklesham and Winchelaca^l 



» By hii »iU aatcd llth ApnJ 1511, 
thii TJioiULid Landciif^f b diar^cd Itis lnndd 
in PairLigbl, WoatfiL^lj, and fiaHJu^ v'\\.\\ 
13f. \d. far ten jfare for iin obit ; ami lis 
giTtt Z'Zt.Ad. \o m pjnoei (o sing divine 
■erric^o for liiA loiil mid all Christian «(mli 



in Bt-i^cIg cUuruh by tbe qnnrter ofi 

Bnrr. MSS. D697. 

" Add. Chnrtcra, Brit. Mtii. Ko, 974. ] 
*^ CarmolittB^ or White FriflPt of 

Hpnlimn, in Newendcn, Kent, foundai hr^ 

lln' AIl^Iidts. Nich. Aldier had iuiutmJ 

sn Osmbridge. 



IS AND AFTER TFIE I'IPTEEKTH CKNTURY. 



210 



but he devised his tciiemeDt called the White Horse iu 

Southwark, and his property in JScwington. and several 
parishes in Sussex, to his wife for Ufe, nnd then to bis &on 
Robert aud his heirs, with remainder to his son John ; and he 
appointed his wife Anne and hia brother John executors. 

Sir Gvddard OxenhridgQ, Kn(.j succeeded to the estate at 
Ford, and added not only largely to his own estate but to the 
position of his family by marrying — first, Elizabeth, daughter 
and coheir of Sir Thomas Echingham, Kiit. ; and, secondly, 
Annaj daughter of Sir Thomas Fyues, brother of Lord Daere. 
On his first marriage, the wife's share of the Echingham 
estates was conveyed to Sir Wilham Pclham, Knt^, Giles 
Fyiies, Richard Devenibh, and Christopher Hales, Esqra., 
Thomas Foster, gentleman, and John Bradford, as feoffees to 
the use of Su' Goddard and Elizabeth, and the heirs of their 
bodies. These estates couai&ted uf the manoi-s of Muiifeld, 
Etcliingham, and Salehurst, and lands in Munfeld, Glottynhaui, 
Etchingham, Ockkum^ Salehurst, Brighthng, Beckley, Crow- 
hurat, Cfttsficld, Burwash, Enham, and Udiniorc, together with 
thu patronage of the churth of Elcliinghani.^^ By the In- 
cpiisition p.m. it was found that the same feofi'ees held for him 
and his heira the manors of Forde, Euhain, and Gylc3, and 
lauds in Brede, Udimore, and Bnrwaiih, and also themjmors 
of Danehurst, Coscley, aud Otlingham, and lands iu Northiam, 
Peasniarsh,Playden, Salehurgt/ricehursE,\Vestfie!d, Ickleshaiu, 
and Moulicld; and that Sir Thonuis Fyiiys, Knt,, Lord Saye, 
Giles Fynj's, and Rohert Hall,^^ Estjuires, were feoffees to tlie 
use of Sir Goddard and his heirs of Suayleham, Gravehurst, 
Globys. and Corner in Guesthng. 

Sir Goddard was sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in 1606, 
1512, and 1519 ; and on 21th May 1522 he was one of the 
knights, &c. summoned to attend the Lord Legate (Wolsey) at 
Canterbury, aud formed part of the retinue of the Cardinal on 
the landing of the Emperor Charles V, at Dover, two days 
after,^ By his will dated 17th June 1530^ and proved at 
Lanibeth on 27th October 1531, Sir Goddard directed his body 



" Tuq, p,m-, tnltcn nt Lcwei, 7iU OcL 
23 HeD.VUl (1631). AanoQ^ tho jurors 
were Edmund Alfrcj, Tliomaa Dridgca, 
Juhu Onrlun, Itii'hani Bowjor, Jami^ 
OoUb, John VrfWv, an J John Hnnnon. 



" Kobort Hdll, of Itnslings, the owaur 
of lUltAEiil. iii EMthoathly. 

" Rv[n.Fffld.Ti,pt.l,p,20*iBuUflud 
Papcra, Cftoid. &OC- p. 1'i. 



IN AND APTEB THB PIPTMSTH CKNTT7RT. 221 

set forth at length. He gave to hia wife Dame Anne, his prin- 
cipal mansioii and tenement of Forth in the pariah of Brede, 
and other lands and tenements in Brede, and his other lands 
in Sussex (except such as he had by that hia will otherwise 
disposed of )» she paying yearly to Robert Oxcnbridge his son 
during her life 20 marks; and if she should marry, then 
Robert was to have such lands to him and his heira for ever, 
and was to pay his mother an annuity of 40 marks ; to John 
Bradford and Mai'garet his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, 
he gave a messuage and lands called Harries in Brede, con- 
tahiiiig tw(!nly ocre-s and in case of failure of heirs then to his 
son Robert ; to Riehard Red, his servant, lands lately occupied 
by John Cheseman ; and an annuity of 20*. to Daniel Dilgett, 
his servant. His executors were to stand possessed of his 
lands in Southwark and ehewhere in Surrey untQ his daugh- 
ters were majried i to William his son lie gave 20 marks 
a year to be paid out of the profits, the remainder bang ap- 
plied towards the marriage portions of daughters -, after all 
their marriages, William and his heirs were to have the 
Surrey estates ; the profits of Suaylliiuu and all his lands 
in Guestling and Icklesham, which John Toky then occu- 
pied at a rent £15, 6*. 8rf., and lands inOucsthng which John 
Bachelor occupied, he gave to his executors till his daughters 
were married for tlicir settlement, and then to his son William 
and his heirs; to his son (lobei-t and his heii-s he ga\e hia 
mcsfluage and garden in the town of Winchelsea ; he also 
devised to his executors the profits of all his lands and tene- 
ments in Rye^ Pleyden, and Beckley, Northiain, Ewhurst, 
Salchurst, Ticehurst, Burwash, Wcsiield. and Hastings, and 
in Icklesham and elsewhere in Sussex, towards the marriage of 
his daughters, and afterwards to his son Robert and his heirs 
(except his tenement called Gyles and other lands in Burwash, 
which he gave to William), £ach of his daughters was to 
have 100 marks for her dower over and above the marriage 
money to them willed by Master John Oxcnbridge, clerk," 
his brother. The profits of the lands were to lie apfilicd only if 
his personal estate should be insufficient after payment of bis 
debts. 

^ Od 23rd Feb, I&04, Uuter Jttha ohurFli of All Houli', in SbrUjngdon, In 
Oienbn(Ifft,LL.D., wu pn*Fnted bjr th« (tw ArrhiTM/viir7 of ItrrirLfnU— -Wood'a 
abboj uid coavect of Bnauo; to thtt Pn«U, OtOTi. «d. UUm. vul i, p. ISO, 



222 



NOTICES OF WJNCHELSEA 



The jurors found that the lands in Brede were held of the 
Abhess of Syon by the rent of £1L Is. Gd., aud that the laiicis 
in Odymer were holdeii of Sir Edward Grcy and others, and 
that Sir Goddnrd died on lOlh February (1531); that Anna 
the widow died 24th May (1531); and that Thomas the eldest 
son was thirty years of age and upwards. 

By the style of the architecture of the house at Bredo, and 
as he for the tirst time calls it Forde Place, it may be assumed 
that SirGoddard rebuilt the family mansion. The directions 
contained in his will as to the erection of a tomb were faith- 
fully cxccnted; and there stands against the south wall of the 
cbaacd of Forde Place his raised altar tomb m stone, nith his. 
figure lying on his back, his head resting on u helmet, bis 
hands clasped over liis breast, and a lion at his feet* On thi^ 
base of the tomb arc shields of the Oxenbridge arms; the sanio 
impaling Eckuighum , and the same impaling Ga. three escallop 
Bltclls ar. for Dacrc, above; and below Az. three Hons rampant, 
two and one ^ or, ior Fiencft ; the sinister side being in fact th 
2nd aud 4th quarters of a shield of Fienea and Dacrc, dimiJ 
diated. The date on the wall at the back is 1537, when tba 
tomb was probably erected. An excollcnt drawing taken jq 
1777. by Francis Grose, is iii the BurrellMSS ,Ko. 5697, p,40. 

Thomas Oxenhridge {the eldest son by the first wife) sur- 
vived his father only nine years; and by an Inqnisttion p,m. 
taken at Ecliinghani 15tb Jaly 1540, thejuroi's^' found that 
he held nothing of the king in capHe, but that he was seized 
in fee tail, that is to himself and the heirs of his body, and of 
a certain Elizabeth, lately bis wife, and doughter of a certain 
Sir George Puttenham, Knight, of the munors of Eehyngham 
andSalehurstiuthecounty of Sussex, belonging to the heirs of 
Thomas Echhigbam, Knt., deceased, by virtue of an indenture 
made between the said George Puttenham, Knt., of the one 
part, and the said Thomas Oxeiibridge and Goddard Oxen- 
bridge, Knt., his father; and of an act of Padiameut of t 
27th year of the king; and that the said Thomas had issui 
by the body of the said EHs^abeth his wife, one dangliter, 
Elizabeth, then alive (and who afterwards married Sir Robert, 
eldest son of Sir AVilliam Tirwhit of Kcttleby, in Lincoln 

W" The jumm wore TTcm-T Ppton, God- JtilmBenetI,Wm,B4iii?(t, Anthony Nnahj 
diPilCrotynUL-n, JohnBjDuc, ^c^.Coljn, TKotiuB OioabriJgi.-, BLopljen AmeAn, 

John Coljn, Thomu Fovle, Wm> I£uut, Mi^k Srabon, uid Tiiomaa Olacyer. 



IN AND AFTER THE FirXEBSTn CENTDRr, 



223 



shire); and that the said Elizabeth, the wife, about twelve 
years then since, clicd ; and that the said Thomas Oxeiihridge 
afterwflrda married a certain Faith Uevcnysh, daughter of 
Uicimrd Uevenysh,** and Ihat the said Ihomas miA Faith 
were seized of the inanora of Monfield and Glottyngliuni 
and divera messiiagea and lands in Monficld, Sulchurst, Crow- 
hurst, and BrightHng, and of 23*. reuta arising out of Great 
Okeham and Little Okeham, late Robert Pond's, and I'Viggctta 
and Hoddeubam, in the teniircof Thuinas Ifumphrcy; ajulof 
13^, 4ci- rcnta of assize out of divera tenenients called Suhucg^ 
in the tenure of Edmund Roberts in Saleburst ; and the jurorB 
said that the said Faith survived the said Thomas Oxeiibridge, 
and stiil survived at Huhcnden, Bucks ^ and they found that 
the said Thomas was also seized in dt-mesnc as of hia ftc of 
the manor of Gyles in Burwash ; and that all the said manors 
&c, (except the manor of Gyles} went to the heirs ot the said 
Thomas Echynghnui;" and that the said Thomas had by (1,^ 
said Faith a son and heir, Andrev^ Oxenhridge, who was still 
Ii\ing; and that aU the said manors, &c,, in Echingharyi 
Solehurst, Moiifeld, Glottinghani. Oekham, Crowhurat, and 
Brigiitling, were held of George Earl of Huntingdon, ^a 
of his rape and honour of Hastings, by knight's service j and 
that the said manor of Gyles was holden of William Wyborne 
as of his manor of Burwash by fealty, suit of court, Sec. ; a^ j 
further, that the manor?* of Echmgham and Salehurst were 
worth £50 a year clear, and the other lands (except Gylesj 
£40 a year, and the manor of Gyles 47*. 8(/. a year. 

The jurors also found that the said Thomas Oxenbridge 
died on the 28th March then last, and that the said Andrew 
his son, at the time of taking the inquest, was five yeai-s o|fi 
and upwards, and EUzabeth, his daughter, was eleven vears 
old and upwards. The sou Andrew was of Trinity College 
Cambridge, and public orator in 1 661 ; he afterwards became 
an LL.D,, and, adlienng to the Cathohc faith ard denying 
ihe Queen's supremacy, was in 1583 cemmitted with others 
to Wjsheach Castle, whence he was released on signing an 
ackuowIedgmeDt of the Queen's supremacy-**" 

«nl«l Maaler John Cookja toihe church 
Iff MiiideJfj, Kent.— Wood's FmVl, Oioq, 
TOl. i, p. 23, nole. 



Id Uid MS. pedigrwft ahe la wrongly 
Tiluil aa n third wife of Sir Goddiu'd 
n bridge, 

Od 6lh Ao^Mt 1626, ThoawB Oien- 
bndgfl and RolMrt Blrington had pro- 



^ I'his Bckaotrlfidgniettt 
Shyj'Cj'fl Annals Jii, pt. 1, f 



aH , 



224 



NOTICES OP WINCHELSEA 



Elizabeth Oxnfbnds^, the daughter of Sir Goddard Oxen- 
bridge, married, heforc the year 1546, Sir Robert Tirwliilt of , 
LeightoD, county of Huntingdon, second son of Sir Robert^ 
Tirwhitt, and brother of Sir Wimam Tirwhitt of Kettleby, 
county of Lincoln. In May 154G, Lady Tirwhitt was lady* 
in-waitmg on Queen Katharine Parr, to whom her husbandl 
was master of the horse^ and she was in attendance on the 
Queen at the time of her accouchement and fatal illness at 
Sudeley Castle, in September 1548. In 1546 the Duke of 
Norfolk appeals to Lady Tirwhitt as one of the suite of both 
his nieces, " whom it had pleased the King's Highness to 
marry/' to testify what malice both those nieces bore to him;"*! 
and on 17th Feb, 1549, the custody of the person of the Priuccsaj 
Elizabeth, and her good education and government, weroj 
committed by the council to Lady Tirwhitt, in consequence 
tbeujLHConductofMrs^KatluLrine Ashltjy,*^ Sii' Robert describes" 
hib wife a» " not sane (lennied) in divinity, but half a scrip- 
ture woman." John Field, in dedicating to her in 1577 
translation of the Treatise on Chnstinn lii^/ifeotisiiesi', callfl 
her hie *'vcrtuous and dear friend/' and praiaes her for her 
** forwardness, fidchty, and sincerity in the rehgion of JcsusJ 
Chriet;'^ and m 1574, there was printed in Ifimo, by H* 
Middelton for Christopher Barkefi ''Alornht^ a?tt! Eve7ttriff\ 
Praj/efy n-ifh flirrrs Psa/mes, Hifii/fes> and Mvditafions, made 
by the Lady Elizabeth '^Tirwhitt t*' at the end is printed the 
Litutiy. The arms of Oxenbridge are at the back of the title- 
page. Queen Elizabeth Imd a copy hound in gold anc 
enamelled, mentioned by Herbert (p. 1801-2), as then belong- 
ing to Mr. Ashhy- It wns lately in the Duke of Sussex's 
hbrary, and is now b the possession of George Keld, Esq,, 
of Ashurst Park, near Tunbridge Wells. On one cover iai 
enamelled the Raising of the Serpent by Moses, and on the^ 
other the Judgment of Solomon ; the binding is supposed to 
be by George Heriot, and is engraved in the GenfleinanB 
Magazine (vol Ixi^ pt. 1, p. 321) and Dibdin's Bibliomania 



^ Bll^lB^ Hiet. of £«fonii, lii, pt. 2, 
p. £59. 

• S« alao J. G, NichoU' Literary 
Rflxnaioa uf Eing I'ldwinJ VI, pogi- \\ \ 
Bupgt.1,7 PfljMiPs, HoTiit*, pp. 101—107; 
lOlw Orig, iell. l»t Ser. vol. ii, pp. 1&3, 



165. But it appcarft bj Ihe Princesa 

Eiiznbftti't Hoiuehold Bdob nl Hktafld 
(Cdmd. Soo. Muo. ToLii), in 1551 and 
1A52, lUat Mre- Asliluj was iviiii^rHU^l ■« 
allL-ndanL Lndy Tirwhill'i nariko 14 not 
□LDDtioued [n auj iiciQ during Elxr jiiur. 



IN AND AFTER THR HFTEENTH CENTURY. 



225 



(p. 330), nnd the front cover in the Ilhhfrated London Nncs 
of 6th April 18jO. To Herbert Ingram, Esq., I owe the 
accompanying woodcut, which is of the exact sixe of the 
original binding, and shows the loop through which passed 
the chaiu su^pcudiiig it to the girdle.^ 




Tlie prayers, &c., were reprinted in Thomas B{?nt]ey'a 77te 
Mofit/mt^it of Motroneft, piiblisliod in 1582. 

The following specimen of the writing shows that, if Lady 
Elizabeth were one of the earliest and one of the most pious, 
she waa also one of the most prosaic of om- Sussex poets :^ 

Jn Hymne of t!)r State oE all Slam's postrrilic. 

U am il)f truitc of aflams Ijanus. 
5rt)tcusti siiuif locftfti iti Sallicuis (janSs: 
BraliuicD to Bcatt), lijc rijiIOr of ire, 
St flaming hranS of inftmati fire, 
33ovnr S tuas unhrt ani hair, 
^iiti gpniti mg ttmc in soiotoe auli cart, 



* InAtMore'a portrait ofQueenMary 
<ha is reprpqvi'ted a» rearing in that wd^ 
fr hook or thi- Aame elze, moat probably 
■*J^f QMrtJw'* Fratftrs or Meiitatitmit 

VIII. 



wlurreiD tlw mjndc] u fltirrcd to Riifl^ tU 
aJDiutiaiiA herp," whidi were ctrmponcd bjr 

QiuMu SatbArine Pfli-r, taiii a cojiy ib 
bound at tli^ end of Mr. Fi&ld's volume- 

29 



22G 



NOTICES Of WIS CHELSEA 



auft s!)all rehirnt unto rtif l<ust. 
3liil be tJcpviurt of carnall lust, 
get ttiou iFatfier Bibst SmiS sent!, 
5:0 parton Ifjrm tiiat "aib offrni. 
^r laut ijim in t^r lijovlu oC mia!)t, 
JTliat toe bf tlcsficB in i)is siflijt 

^V Bobf^rt O^vmbrid^G (llie son of Sir GoiMard bj the second j 
wife) succeeded to the family estates at Brcde j but Lavirg 
aciiiiircd from Sir John Gate extensive estates at Priors Hus- 
borne ainlDuuley.m Hants, for which he was sheriff in 1 568, 
he seems to have removed from Sussex, and to have let his 
property nt Urcdc. The registers of Brcde commence in 1 559, 
and do not contain any entry of the baptism, marrioge,or burial 
of au Oxeiibridge.^ In 1539, Robert Oxcnhridge was one of 
the eommisBioners of Musters for the rape of Hastings;^ and in 
1551, sheriff of Susses. He represented East Grinstcad in parlia- 
mentinl547 and 1552,and the county of Sussex in 1554,1 555, 
and 1557. In 1556 he was made, by Mary, conatabie of the 
Tower of Ix)ndon, where, on 14th June 1555, he entertained ^ 
Father Sydnam, a Grey Friar of Greenwieh, after a sermon at 
Trinity Chnrch; aud thence in March 1550-7 he rode with Lord 
Stoiirtun and his lordship's four servants to their execution at ! 
Sniisbury for killing two Argylls (father and son).^ On 18th 
August 1557, he was one of the mourners at the funeral in 
London of John 111, King of Portugal,^^ He married Alice, 
one of the daughters of Thomas Fogge,Esq.,of Ash, in Kent, 
on whom he made a handsome settlement ; for by the In- 
quisition p.nx» taken at Winchester 5th March 1576, it was 
found that he died seized in demesne as of his fee of tho 
manor of llursborne, otherwise called Priors llui-sbornc, and- 
the park and lands in Hants, then lately belonging to Sirj 
John Gate, Knt., and of other lands and tenements there, 
which (by indenture made between the said Robert Oxen- 



^ Ex. inf. E«T«reiic1 Au^Btu* A^l^ard. 
Somo of tfao faoiilj remained in Suasti. 
Ill (he Burwiuh I^'g- nru b»})tL»]uA uf 
i>ight rhildron of John OserbriiJij^, 1559 
to 1G7S, and of tn-Lit cliiEflrrn of hii sou 
ThomftD, moB to IGBO, I Uko them ta 
ho d<^!ot'iirlrviila of tSi'orgj^ {ante, p. 21tt). 
llto BeiJiiU lU^. liDfi &^\xv^ in 1573-7S» 



* MSa Rclls ITouiB, A, G, Ifi. 

« Macliju'B DJfliT, pp. 108» 127-8. 

^ Ibid., p. 148. Inaiurt weri'Bddn)#*«l ' 
1o Sir Robert Oi^nbridgc, a» lieutouruit, 
from Iho coiincilR, Leld at Gn^enwioh, 
IGtti Jauuar; l5SC'7i anil nt Bichmoiid 
28l1i Jii[j l&ST, Muiule l^^ok, i^, inf., 
H. Beave, Esq., RS.A., Bo^iatrar, 



m AND AFTER THil FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 



227 



bridge of the one part, and John Gage of Firle, Esq,, 
William Scott of Mott, gent., John Wyborne of llawkewell, 
gent., Francis Kcmpe of Twyford^ gent., Edward Kenipu 
and John Stockman, of the other part, dated ^th June 1565), 
were demised for the terra of forty-one j^ears, if he should ho 
loug livCj and then for the same terui after his death, if his 
wife Alice sliuuld so long live and reniuin hi:* wid^jw, at u rent 
of £139. U. l\cl,, half of which was to be for the use of hia 
wife, aud the residue for her as guardian of lua son and bcir 
nntil h« shoidd come of age. It further appears that ou 21st 
June 1574, being then at Huraborne, ho made his will, giving 
his wife the Huraborne property for Ufe in hen of dower and 
thirds. The jury also found that by an indenture made be- 
tween Sir Robert Oxenbridge of the one part, and Sir Tbomoa 
White, Knight, of tlie other part, dated 10th April 15G5, and 
made on the marriage of Robert the son and heir, Sir Robert 
covenanted that he woidd convey land, &c., in the villages of 
Brede and Udimore, then in the occupation of JohnDcvenyshe, 
Beatrice Baye, Margaret Maunscr, John Woodhouse, Robert 
Lunsford, John Freehody, John Sherbold, and William Sneppe, 
to the sole use of Robert Oxenbridge the son, and Barbara 
his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, and in default to the 
use of said Robert and the heirs male of his body, with 
remainder to Sir Robert and the heirs of his body, with re- 
mainder to Andrew Oxenbridge, cousin of Sir Robert, with 
remainder to Sir Robert and Ids heirs general; and other 
premises in Brede and Udimore then in possession of John 
Atwater, Thomas Asted, William Ideu, John Iden, Thomas 
Devenyshe, Thomas Rigge, Alleyn Wekos, and Simon Prior 
Sen,, to the use of Sir Robert for life, and then to his son 
Robert and Barbara hia wife, with the same remainders 
over. The jiu-ors further say that on 10th April 15G5, 
Sir Robert w^as also seized to him and his heirs of the manors 
of Forde, Enham, and Goteley, and houses in llye, in the oc- 
cupation of Roger Squire, John Pope, and Juhu Braybrooke. 
The lands ut Brede and Udimore occupied of J.l)cvL'nyshe,&c„ 
were held of Vise. Moutagnc, aud were worth £lo» 8fl, Gd. 
a year, and the tenements in the possession of Alwntcr, &c., 
were held of Vise. Montague, the Loid Windsor, and Sir Rob. 
Tyrwhitt, Knt., and were worth £27 w^'* 2W, a ytar; and 




Robert 



iMdjOaah^gc 



oinnnb. 



158S, 



for OD ISth Scfttsbcr. l^SS, JMat Oaminife (the onl; 
an) bf IB d«Ihc ■■!£ faftmrn Mm of tke CMie part, and 
Gabrid Wftite Md Stafkn WUte of Oe otba pvt, demised 
totivH hft bads in Hiahog^c, tfces late m the oompatiaD oT 
AliDe Ik Biot^,fDr Ike Mc^aBar Im totve, of his wife 

Buban far kcr fife, if Ae ihorid ■■! mnMnied. lod if 

Dot, then to nbe ber an azmmtr of £60 a j^ear ; sabject to 
wUcb, and to the fafflowi^ aoMtki to hb ax jom^er sods, 
the mmwitj vent to Ua dfat ton Bolxtt : tbeae annoiues 
were, to Goddard £26. lit. 4tf. a j«r; Wmiam, £20; 
Hem;. £20 ; Gabrid, £30 ; BMwd, £20 ; and Jofan, £20, 
wheQ Ukt Aonld attain tbr respectire ^ea cf XmxAj jtars. 
And oa tbe In^joisition p.m. tdtcn at Andover, IStfa April 
1591, it was foand tbat, m additiim to the llunpsbire pro- 
pcrtr, lie was in poaemoD of tbe lands in Brodc, Udimare, 
and Rtc, latelj belonging to lus &thcr, and that hj his w^\ 
dated 21st Maj% 15S7, he left the whole of his Ilaota pro^l 
perty, and lands called Bangcs and Mabbauds in Brcde. to' 
his wife for Ufe, and thcv to hi^ eon Robert and his heirs 
male^ with remainders successively to his other dx sons and 
their heirs male, with the ultimate remainilei to his own right 
heirs ■ and Fordeand the remtunder of his property lo his son 
Robert and his heirs for ever; and also that he died at Hiisbome 
22nd January 161)1, leaving Barbara his widow; and tbat his 
son Robert was then twenty-two years old and upwards. 

Sir Robert Oxentrid^e. Kfit.. the eldest sou, who ninrried^ 
Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Sir Henry Cock of 
Broxbomnc, by indenture dated 2nd July, 1599, demised his 
estates in Hants to Sir Henry Cock, Edward Lewknor, Esq., 
and Edward Cason, for a term of years, to pay the rents to 
his wife for life, or whilst she remained unmarried, and in the 
event of her marriage to pay her an annuity of £74 a year* 
He was aheriff of Hants in 159C, During the long reign of 
I'llizalietli no member of the Oxeubridge family sat in parlia- 
mi^nt; but on the accession of James in 1603, Sir Kobcrt>| 



IN AND AFTER THE FIFTEENTH CENTCHV. 



239 



like bis grandfather, sat for the county of Haots, He died 
at Husbome on 28th May, 1616, seized in Sussex of the 
manors of Forde, Enham, and Goteley, and of lands in Brede, 
Udiaiore, Beckley, Peasmarsh, Northiam, Hwhurst, Sedles- 
conibe, Munfield, Westfield, Gueatling, Pett, Fairlight, and 
Icklcsham, held by John Sackville, Thomas Culpeper, Francis 
Kempe, Jordan, Butler, Sneppc, Fryman, Bishop, &c ., the 
Inquisition being taken at Winchester, 5th Sept. leiO,"^ 

He left five sons ; the eldest, RoOt^t^ was knighted at 
Newmarket 29tb November 1G1[), and sat in parliament for 
Whitchurch in 1620, and for the county of Hants in 1023. 
He and his brothers sold the \vhoIe of the Breiie property, 
and, as they all died without issue (in the hfetiinc of their 
mother, who survived till 1645), their sister Ursula became 
the heiress of the Herts property. She married iu 1637. Sir 
John Monson, ancestor of Lord Monson, who haa very kindly 
communicated to me several particulars of the Oxenliridgo 
family. There is a very nice portrait of Lady Ursula, by 
Cornelius Jaiison, among the Monson family pictures. 

I have not been able to identify with the Sussex family 
Daniel Oxenbridge of Daventry or hia son John, the zealous 
Nonconformist, who was removed from the tutorship of 
Magdalen Hall and the fellowship of Eton,® 



*• In tho book of St. Georne's lan«nd 
prtKjeediuga (llari. MS. Nq. 1368, p. 31) 
i< "TliB pFn«>Hlingi> of Jho finn'rall nftho 
RigM WorsliipfnU Sir KiibcrlOnenbndgo, 
ItTiight, on ThuTBilDj lUti aotli Juno IGIG, 
at Ilia houBfl at Hurebomc Prjom, in Ihc 
countye of Soutbumpton, wlio di'purtod 

Ihia iDurtuU lifd on Tutr^dAj tlic £6tb of 

May 1618:— 2«iDduclor6; poro men in 
gowucflT 48. Serea^ti io Stran^fftrt — ^Mr. 
Wm. Oitnibriilge'fl miHi Bnd G«u. llamonj 
TJLF' Kcmpo'i man and Air, Woodwardii'a 
mftn, Mr, I^mberl's man anti Mr. Fmn, 
njirKcU'a man, Mr. Jo. Kniglit^s man 
aod Sir WaJt^r Tiuhbome^fl nun, Sir 
Kicb. Ti^hboniD'a man. T^ie Miandert 
borriG by Mr. Frtm. Kenini^ ServonU 
to the ddunct t 0i?fiVcy Mill» and Williun 

Hi*lgoll,Daiijel] Wjnttond Tho. Pen loo, 

Henry PuclirJdgo and Willm. Brookor, 
JoApcr Mannings and ^~i<^bi>Laa Oraj, 
TJio. Atkinion and Tho. FfUdua, Ilontj 



HbH sen, Qentn la cioakei : Mr. Petor 
Koj« &nd Mr. Lambert Jiin., M.r. John 
Oianbrvgg and Mr. Godnrd Onjubregg, 
Mr, Edw- Woodward and Mr. Tho. Lam- 
biTi, Mf. Jubn KnigJit and Mr. Pran. 
JTarcwell, Sr Walter Tichbomt? and Sr 
Ri;'h. Tiiibbtimc i Mr, Elnjt*. Tickrr, find 
Dniolor Juhiisgn, preocbi'i ; Mr- Bii:lj. 
Oienbregg, Ibepcnow. .fleu/m and Cr«l, 
BEcbrnoud. Sxtordiaid Targe, aji^ coftla 
cT arfnrf, Wyndt'fiore — The Carpew — Mr. 
Bobt. Ojanbrigg, cUcifo mourner i Mr. 
Henry Oienbregg ind Mr, WiUm Otm- 
treffg, Mr. John OTonbrcgg and Mr. 
^iUm (tic) Oumbregg, m«»UntB to tho 
chL^fe mouroer — KatghLa^Oont. nitivout 
blarkB;' 

^ 6m Wood's Adi. Oion. cd-BlisaJU, 
p. lOaGj Baker*! Nortbamplonih. i, p, 
538; LipaooQjb«'iSucka- W> p. 486; US. 
CoUect> Coll. of Amt, E. I, p. ICO. 



&j 



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IN AND AFTER TflK FIFTEENTH CENTURY, 



233 



The pedigree is based on the Wills and Inqiiis. p.m., and 
the following MSS. at thtj College of Arms: — Vincent 121 
(Sussex), fol. 130; D. 13 (Vis, Sussex, 1570), fol, 400; D. 
28 [Vis. Dorset, 1(577)> fol. 33; L 10-107, and L 10-3U- 

Tlie jlnm of Oxenbridgo were Gti. a Ih/i Tampant ur. lan~ 
(/t(ctl sa. a hofdut'c vert ckaryed^ milk ci//k£ t^scallojj shdh or. : 
and tlic Crt&i a demi lion ramjmut ar. luttffued au., holdinff in 
his dexler paw an cacallop shell or. 

The quarferttigs of the lost knight were : — 1, Hofton ; 3, 

OUE; 3, FoaCE ; 4, BitOWNB 5 5, AllDNDEL; C, MALrR-WEltS ; 

7, Cock j 8, Hammond ; 9, Adam \ 10, Hoopke. 

Tftv Notorioua Wt'siotts. — The two Westons, Joseph and 
George, resided at the Friars, Winchelsea, for some months 
in the j^oars 17i^l-2, under the asj^umed names of William 
Johnson and Samuel Watson, They made a great display here, 
hut other parts of tho conntry Imd tlie advantage of their pre- 
aence. The Annual Begisier calls them " two most uotorions 
villains, who, for some years, have defranded the country by 
v:irious artful contrivances." They were at length captnred 
in Wardour-strcct, London,^" Mnrch 1 7, and finally committed^ 
April 17, 1782, for robbing the Bath and Bristol mail, between 
Maidenhead and llounslow, on the morning of January 29, 
1781, On July 2 (the day before the sessions) they, with thi-ce 
other felons, made their escape from Newgate, having been 
aided by the wives of the Wcstona, George however was re- 
taken in Smithfieldi and Joseph in Cock-lane, by John Davis, 
a porter, who was passing, and who was wounded in the check 
by a pistol fired by Joseph, They were both arraigned on J idyG 
lor the mad robbery, and acquitted ; but were again tried and 
convicted on the same day: George for forging an endorse- 
ment on a bank post-bill of " John Ward, at the ' Dun Horse* 
in the Borough or German town of Norfolk," the bill having 
been sent from Bristol on January 27, 1781, by the mad; 
and Joseph, under the Black Act (9 Geo. I, c. 23), for firing 
the pistol at Davis. They were identified as the Westons by 
a witness from Draycott, Staffordshire, who hud known theui 
from ihcii' bii'th as sons of a farmer named George Weston. 
They were executed at Tybuni on Septembers, 1782 ; and 



^ Jodcpli woa not, qn Ixoa bnii atuloil, 
oLnrcbwurdL'it in llh; j«ir. I'lio. MortUL 

VJII. 



and JuhiL Toton vere ciliuroliwnrik'iie 
IThW-Sl-sa. Ei, iflf. EtT- J. J. WiMl, 

30 



234 



KOTlCEfl 0> WINCH ELSBA. 



the GentJenmna Magazine (p, 431} contairs a fall account of 
their penitential behaviour at the execution^ and the proper way 
in which, being Catholics, they received the eonaolations of their 
faith. The magazine had before (p. 363) described them as ''two 
of the most artful villains that have appeared at any time in thia 
country, and have robbed the country of an immense sum,"'^ | 
Engraved portraits exist at Winchelsea and elsewhere- 

APDinONS TO LT3T3 OF MAYOJIS, 8tc. 
MATOHa. 



1354 KoliertLondonaisfDeriDgMSS.) 
I3fi5 Jolm Pettpvine (ib.) 
1378 William Skek (ib.) 
1433 JoKn Tamworth, also M,P. 

8flme ypBT (Cotton MS. Julius, 

B. iv'p. 41b.) 
1422-3 Thomas Tbumlyrfib. 41 b.) 
1425 Tbomaa Fysli (Eggleatone's 

Itpturn,) 
1430-31 Itogcr nlte Gate (Cotton 

MS., Juliufl, B. jv, p.40.) 
1431-2 John Godfrey (ib. 40 b,}. 
1432-3 The same (ib. 41.) 

1433 The same, elected Eust«rMou* 

day (ib. Gl b.) 
1433 Wm.Fyiich.elect.llihJime(ib.) 



1434-5 TliCBame fib. 50b,) 

1435-fl Thomna Thiindyr. b1-so M.P/ 

same year (Cotton MS. p, 53.) I 

1441 Go[larJPiilham(ib. 66 b). 

1442 Thonuia SyltoD (ib. 67b), 

1443 Th«Bixrae(ib, 71)- 

1444 Thomna Thundyr (ib. 72), 

1445 The anme (ib,) 
144tj Godnrd Pnlham (E^les. Ea.)l 
1449 The some (CotloQ MS. p. 72,) i 
14B7 Thomaa Syllon (Egglcst. Ret.) 
1433 John Syltfln (ib.) 
14S5 Thomas Thunder (ih.) 
1516 Robert Sparrow (Jeahe, p. 31), i 
1550-1 William Eggl«gtone (RetuzTV 

Carl. Ho. Ride MSS.) 



BAILIFF3. 



1309 Gerroia Alard (Dering MSS.) 
1314 Hcnf^' Ahrd (do.) 
1378 Wiiliam Willo (do.) 



1483 WiQinm Tunstall, water-bailiffl 

SGrnnla temp. Edward V,J 
Jarod. aoc.) 



BAILIFFS TO GREAT YAEMOUTH, 

1431 Roger Gate (Cotton MS,) 
1433 William Werihe (do.) 
1435 Willinm Fynch (do.) 



1441 Jolin Greneforde (Cotton MS.Jl 
11*3 Godurd Piilhjim (do.) 

1444-5 Hiehard Rfickthorne (do.) 



They were all jurats &t the times of their respective elections 



MEMBERa OP PAfiLTAlfENT. 



1431-2 William Morfot — Godard 

Pidhflm (Derinp; MSS.) 
1445 Thomas Thuuder, Jim, — Rich. 
Browne (do.) 



1446-7 WaiiflTT AlarJ-^ThoiuaB 
Sylton (Deriug MSS.) 

1453-4 Cirincus Pctjtt — Joaepli 
Beverley (and Dot ttm^p, 
Edward VI) (do.) 



^ Noln ADd Queries, tuL i, pp. £66, 3E>4, 392. 



ON THE CHURCH AT WORTH. 

BY W, S. WAXFOED, ESQ., F.SA. 



The village of Worth is in the hundred of ButtinghilL 
The parish ia extensive in proportion to the population. The 
church stands about a nule eastward of the Three Bridges 
station on the London and Brighton Railway, It liaa long 
been regarded as an object of curiosity, and supposed by 
some to be very old ; by others to occupy an ancient site, and 
to be, in part at least, of rare antiquity. When Sir W. Burrell 
visited it in 1775, his attention was arrested by the chancel 
arch, which he thought much older than the rest of the build- 
ing. In more recent times, an antiquity, which 1 apprehend 
it would be verj' difficult to prove, has sometimes been claimed, 
if not for the buildmg itself, yet for the site, as that of a very 
early Anglo-Saxon chmrh. The history of churches in this 
country, even when they are in all probability of earlier date 
than the Conquest, can rarely be carried back beyond the 
compilation of Domesday- Unfortimately for my present sub- 
ject, no mention of Worth — neither of the church, nor even 
of the place — can be discovered in that record. We have 
therefore no evidence from it as to whether a church did or 
did not exist there at that time. The non-mention in Domes- 
day of a church at any particular place is not conclusive that 
there waa not one. It waa no part of the design of that 
survey to comprise the churches. In some parts of it they 
arc entered; in others ihcy seem uniformly omitted, unless 
they had land belonging to them which fell within the iuquiiy 
of the Conqueror's commissioners* However in this case^ 
though other Sussex churcliCB are given, yet, since none of the 
lands in the parish can be identified, that no notice of the 
church can be discovered need not excite any doubt as to the 



236 



ON THE CHURCH AT WOBTO- 



exidtencG of otic, if it can be made probable by other meanar 
The earliest mention of a cliurcb at Worthy that 1 have met 
with, u in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas (c. 1291), but doubt^J 
less it had then been built many yi-nrs,^ The name of th^^ 
place ia Anglo-Saxon, and probably Saxon-Eiigllsh also. It 
signiHed a collection of houses, a street, a village, and some- 
times a principal residence with inferior houses about it for 
ilepentlcntsj as was most likclv the meaning in this instance. 
To such a residence a considerable quantity of land would be 
attached. Though the word occurs elsewhere alone as the 
name of a parish, it has almost universally some distinctive 
prefix to make it specific. With many such names of places 
all are familiar. It would be too much to infer an Anglo- 
Saxon origin for the parish from this designation. Il wns a 
portion of a considerable foreat which extended into other 
parishes. The district is stdl a forest country, pleasantly di- 
versified with hill aud valley ; and it is not iuipiobable that 
some of the wooded spots Avilhin it ore parts of the primeval 
bush, which, though often invaded by the axe, have ne^ 
been broken by the ploughshare, or clothed with herbe 
Such a country was well adapted for the plcfLSures of 
chase, and some Saxon cor/ m^y very probably have fixed 
abode at Worth. That its lords in somewhat later times took 
such pastime there we are not left to conjecture. Its imme- 
diate possessor aft^r the Conquest ia not certainly known, but 
it most likely soon became part of the honour or barony of 
Lewes. I have not found any mention of it even in the 
twelfth century. Rut when John deWarenne Earl of Surrey 
was summoned before the Justices in Eyre at Chichester in the 
7E(lw. 1(1275) to show by what authority he exercised rights 
of free warren and free chase in Worth, Ditchling, Clajdon^ 
Cuckfield, and a great many other places in Sussex, he pleaded 
that his father, William de Warenne Earl of Surrey, had held 
the barony nnd honour of Lewes, to which these rights were 
annexed, and had died seized of them, and that he, Earl John, 
was his heir, but, being under age at hia father's death, they 
had come into the hands of the king during his minority; 
yet they were given up to him after he came of age, and 
lie had done homage for them to the king. This plea was 

■ Boa ncto 3, nut page. 




ON THE CnURCB AT WORTH, 



237 



allowed.^ It is needless to add that the honour and barony 
of Lewes were in the De Warennes long before Earl Williiun's 
time. He succeeded his father, the former earl, in 1202,and 
died in 1240, leaving hia son Earl Jolm a minor of the age 
of five years,^ In tlic course of tliose proceedings the earl 
stated that he had parks at Worth, Cucktield, and Ditchling, 
and inquired whether the king claimed anything in them ; but 
his right to them was admitted by the counsel for the crown. 
He appears to have kept his parksand waiTensso well stocked 
with game, that complaints were made by the neighbours of 
the devastation of their corn.* Other acts are recorded whicli 
exhibit him as a very jealous guardian of his own foreat rights, 
though by no means duly mindful of tbosu of others. It is 
remarkabJE; that in the proceedings nguiust him, as they arc 
enrolled ao]ong the FlacUa de Qtto /f'arranio, Worth stands 
first, as if the most impoiiant of the numerous places in which 
he exercised the rights of free wnrrcn and chase, and also of 
those in which he Lad parks. The cnrl» whose title was so 
called in question, died in 1304, and was succeeded by hia 
grandson John, the last earl of the name of Warenne; wlio 
died without legitimate issue in 1347, seized of the manor of 
Worth, leaving his sister Alice, wile of Edmund Fit'z-Alan Earl 
of Arundel, his heir ; to which family of Fitz-AIan this manor 
and many others held by him in Sussex eventually passed, 
rotwith standing an arrangement that led to the snrn-nder of 
Ihem to the crown in 1) Edward IL The whole of the parish 
did not belong to this earl, since we find Sir Ralph Cobham, 
in 19 Edward II, died seized of a messuage and forty 
acres of land in it. In the Returns of the Lords of Town- 
ships. &c., for the purpose of effecting the military levies in 
9 Edward II, Worth and Crawley (an adjoinmg parish) are 
associated, and the Earl of Surrey (De Wareuue), Margaret 
wife of Michael Poining, and Giles de Plaiz, aro named as the 



* Pb*?iU de Quo Warranto, p. 760-1. 

■ WLlliiitQ Duvront Cooper, Esq-, lifla 
iiifomiec] ma that there ib is eomo votumo 
of the Uurrell t\*ilectionii & copy of nn 
tDqutqilion tifcen during tho minoritj pf 
ono of the Do Warennra, Ktrls af Surwy, 
in tlie retnm to which it compriBinl an 
HCfYtunt fif hiH forptts, and nivntiou u 
made in it of limber havrng been ex- 



pcndEKt flboui tho oliurcb at Wcrth. He 

boa kindly acamkcd Ht'rcra] tinici for t]io 
duPUiDf.'nt, (lut all Jiia ecdfiiToU]^, bh weh 
Of inj owii, tfl diacoior it havo bwvi un- 
■ iiocf4»fuJ. Thi" minority wu in nJt pn>- 
bibilit; Ibat of tfaiB Earl John, whicli 
CJtendixl from IZ-UMo 1256. 
* fioL Hundred, ii, p. 210. 



SS8 



ON THE CHURCH AT WORTH, 



lords and lady ; but it does not appear that either of the l 
two had aojthing in Worth. 

To revert to the church ; since both historical and docu- 
mentary testimony fails us for establishing its date, let us see 
what kind of a building it is, and what evidence is furnished 
by itself of the time of its erection. Having carefully in- 
spected it, and had the assistance of some architectural draw- 
ings wliich have been made for the Society by Mr, F, T. Doll- 
man, and of some photographs by Dr. Diamond, an honorary 
member, who is well known for his obliging readiness to give 
to the cause of arcbceology the aid of his surpassing skill in 
this new art, I will eudeavour to present a more complete 
description of this church thaa has, I bclievej yet appeared. 
It may be premised that it stands in a spacious churchyard, 
which is entered from the north-west by a Hchgatc of somo 
antiquity. Owing perhaps to the extent of the yard, and 
the paucity of inhabitants in past times, there has been no 
morkable accumulation of earth about the church, as is so 
times found to be the case where a church is of great age 
occupies a very old site. 

The church is cruciform ; comisting of a nave, with north 
and south transepts, and a chancel, setui-circular at the east 
end, and longer than is commonly found in Norman churches in 
proportion to the nave, (See plan, opposite p. 241 .) There is uo 
aisle or tower, nor any indication of there ever having been any. 
Over thcnorthtransept has been erected awoodcn bell-chamber, 
rising into a dwarf shingled spire, which rests on four wooden 
'uprights or supports within, and gives it the appearance of a 
low tower The walls of the nave and transepts are covered 
with plaster, both within and without ; and the chancel is also 
plastered within^ but without it is covered with thick white- 
wash, and appears to be built of roughly squared stones or 
rubble ; and the walls of the whole church are most likely of 
the same material. Externally the nave and transepts have 
stone quoins, except at the north-west corner of the former, 
where a buttress has been erected.^ These are of what may 
be called long-and-short work ; but the di&erence between 
the stones in size is not so great, nor the alternations of long 

* TlioDgh iQdLcatad in thQ plui, ao part of the nortli'iT^t quob, if it oxut, » noir 
TLiiblo. 




ON THE CrnJRCn AT WOETH. 



239 



id short so regular, os are commonly found in worV to 
^hich that name is applietl. More remarkable than these are 
a stringcourse and some pilaat^ra. The stringcourse is now 
defective, but was once carried, with little interniption, round 
the whole building, at rather more tlian half the height of 
the walls ; below this, and supporting it, while they rest on 
a projecting double course of stone now imperfect, but once 
probably running also round the building, and forming a 
base near the ground, are the pilasters, each about 14 inches 
wide by 3 deep, of long-and-short work as irregular as the 
quoins; and there are some fragments of others, os if the like 
had formerly existed all round at intervals of from five to six 
feet. The base in two stages, 
the upper receding, merits a 
passing remark ; for, rude as it 
IS, it reminds us of the gra- 
duated plinths in classical archi- 
tecture, from which it may have 
been derived through debased 
examples that once existed in 
this country, whether executed 
during the Roman occupation, 
or by the followers of Augustine, 
The situations of the pilasters 
of which there arc any remains 
and the slonc base are shown on 
the plan, and a cut of the two 
pilaators near the southwest cor- 
ner is here given. No certain 
trace of any pilaster appears 

abovi^ the stringcourse. The walls of the chancel arc lower 
than those of the nave ; but the roof is higher, being of 
sharper pitch- The stringcourse of the chancel is also pro- 
portionately lower [about sixteen inches) than that of the 
nave: on the latter it is chamfered, while on the fonner it 
Jippears to have been flat. Small portions only of it now 
ircnjain on the chancel: these are on the south and the north- 
i«ast sides. The stringcourse on each transept ia about its 
m width lower than that on the nave, and flat like that on 
chancel; and from it the roofs of the transepts spring, so 




240 



ON THE CHURCH AT WORTH. 



that, exclusively of the bell-chamber and spire, they are both 
much lower than the nave. The present roofs of the whole 
building are comparatively modem, aud slated with common 
elates, except of course the spire. Beside the buttress erected 
at the west end, flush with the north-west comer of the nave, 
in consequence probably of some sattlement, there are no 
less than six modern buttrcsaea about the east end, three of 
stone and three of brick, disfiguring the chancel; as if on 
two occasions apprehensions had prevailed as to its safety; 
and the wall under the east window, for a considerable heighlj 
has the additional support of a mass of masonry, battering or 
sloping outwarda nearly six feet at the base* This probably is 
of the same date as the stone buttresses, between two of which 
it is placed. At the south end of the south transept b a 
somewhat similar, though smaller, mass of masonry of earlier 
date than that just mentioned. Some have supposed it to b« 
part of the original foundation. But the quoins there arc of 
later date than the rest, and afford a strong inference that the 
south end of that transept has been rebuilt. It ia therefore 
more probable that this masonry waa an addition when that 
repair was executed. To such rough work it is ditHcult, if 
not impoaaible, to assign a date within any moderate liuiits. 
The buttresses and masses of masonry are indicated on the 
plan in hnear shading. 

There are two ancient doorways ; one at the west end, and 
another, much smaller, on the south side of the nave. These 
are in the snme style, and both are manifestly insertions. 
Their forms and mouldings arc alike, and seem referable to 
the early part of the fourteenth century. No unquestionable 
trace of any other doorway remains visible, but the plaster 
within aud without may fully aceount for tliis. Mr. Husaey 
has mentioned some traces of a small round-headed doorway, 
now filled up, as existing on the exterior between the south 
door and the west end.^ There is, from some cause, a faint 
semicircular mark on the plaster, such as the head of a 
gravestone placed against it miglit have left ; but I question 
whether any would be fountl in the masonry. Two stone 
brackets, one on each side of the west door, indicate that it 



* Noln oa Ohurcbu Id Kent, Suuei, and Sumy, p. 306- 



i 




GitotJND PLA^^ 



U'l rut i-'Tji.ii'JiT ni" i*itaT:i> 



HOIIth 



OiMI of 



WUO r 




1 





'.MUVa fi*Ji. #►*»«. 



k^ iTUryvrr- 





ON THE CaUECU AT WORTH. 



241 



once had a porch : th& south door has still one of wood, but 
of no great nntitjuity. 

Witliiu the walls, the uavo ia 51>^ foet hy 2fiJ, and the 
chancel, Uichiding the arehway connecting it with the uave, ia 
34 feet 9 inches by 21 feet. The chancel arch le very effective, 
botli from its aize and its proportions. It is 14 foet 1 inch 
in span, semicircular, and of a single order, measuring at its 
highest point from tlic floor 22 feet 5f inches. (See print 
opposite.) It springs, at the height of about 15J feet, from 
massive semicircular jambs or piers, with rcsuiarkahle imposts 




or capitals, each consisting of a flat cushion and a square 
fibficuB, with an intervening quarter-round moulding. (Sec the 
above cut.)^ On the western fact> of it was a double square 
hood-moulding, the under member being in lower relief than 
the upper ; of this member (the upper) only a small portion 
next the north capital remains. The eastern face has a single 
square hood-moidding, equal in width to the double one on 
the other. On the same face {i.e., the eaatem) is a bold half- 



' Wo nee JDdfrhl^d for tho dm^ng of 
tkis capital to Aloxiindor Ke«bJtt, Esq^i 
irboeo pendl fUmifliuJ the tlrawing of 
VIIT. 



the mnamaof the anmMit mflnor-bouBO 
ut OrowhuHt eDgnved in \d\. VIL 

31 



942 



OM THE CHCaCff AT WORTH- 



ronnd moulding, descending from enrh capital to the floo 
The piers and arch are about three feet ihick^exehisive nf iiiouI( 
ings, and tlie stones of which they are corstmcted exteii 
through the whole thickness. The work is deficient in the nea 
ncssand regularity which are characteristic of Norman masoiir 
There is a want of parftilclism and eimilarity ia parts whic 
should hnve been respectively parallel and alike- The t 
ca|)ita]s, though at first sight alike, will be found dissinii 
in their proportions and sectional lines, as if worked by 
fercut hands, without the ordinary care to secure liken 
where the design did not contemplate diversity. The intend 
horizontal lines of the north abacus slightly converge, and t 
half-round descending from the capital deviates considerab' 
from the perpendicular- These irrcgtdarities arc apparent i 
the cut. Oa removing part of the pewing next one of t; 
piers, no trace of any base was discovered. The floor of t 
eastern half of the chancel is raised four steps, and this ]m 
bably was so, if not originally, yet at least in the fifteen 
century ; for the east window, which is an insertion of thi 
period, is at an unusual height; and the piscina, which 
perpendicular, and a plain stone bench for sedilia under 
flat Tudor arch, correspond with the present elevation of th 
floor. 

The transepts, which, though much alike, do not exnctti 
correspond in proportions or position, arc respectively aboi; 
VJ by 14 feet within the wnlls, exclusive of the space und< 
the arches opening into thera from the nave. Those arche 
one of which (the south) is now much mutilated, were aboi 
8 feet 8 inches in span, semichcular, and sprang from squai 
jnmbs. They rise to 14 feet 7 inches above the floor, and an 
quite plain. The imposts should seem to have consisted < 
two members on each jamb, the upper projecting beyond th 
lower. They were in all probability both square and pei 
fectly plain, as if left in block ; and a plain square moiddin 
descended from them to the floor on the inner side in a co 
responding situation to the half-round on the cast face of t 
chancel arch. All these have been removed, with the exce: 
tion of small portions on the jambs of both transepts. Ti 
masonry is remarkable in places for its rudeness, small irrt 
gular stones being ki in among large ones. The jninhs aa 



Oy T»E CHrsCH AT WOETD. 



243 



[iposts of tbe arcli of the south transept have been to a great 
extent cut away, to occonimocldte the occupiers of eome pews 
within it, so as to give this arch a atraiige app^^oraDce ; but Us 
original form may be made out by comparing it with that on 
the north side. There is a Betnieirciuar arch of very goo<l 
masonry in the east wall of tbis transept, partly built up. 
Probably an altar may have stood there. These transept arcbes 
are about 9 feet west of the junction of tht: nave and chancel; 
and the transepts are, as has been mentioned, much lower 
than the nave. The entrances into them from the churchyard 
are modem. 

The windows are of various dates, and are all evidently 
insertions, unless a very small setnicircular-ht^ded window in 
the cast side of the north transept be original, lliere U no 
external splay to it, and it has little to indicate ita dale Ijcsidc 
its form and size. Such a window however might, I cfMiceive, 
be of any period, and therefore this majf U\i original. On the 
north side of the church are two small lancet windows above 
the stringcourse — one in the nave, nearly ojijKrftite the nrmth 
door ; and the other, somewhat larger, in the eliaiicel. I call 
them both lancets: the former is clearly so; and, though lite 
latter appears now with a fternicirculir head, the ii[)lfly. which 
is internal only, is pointed, and thi? htxtm forming thi^ hciul in 
modem, having been iiiscrlcri when the window waa reopened 
and glared with modern jiuiiitLnl gluss uhout l<:n yearn ugo, 
None of the otber windows arc munh, tf ut all, eurlj^^r tlinii 
tilt; fourteenth century : severzU arc uf the fifteenth. Among 
the latter is the east winiiow, which is a iniall one of thnnj 
lights, and, as has bet.ii ohscrvL-d, at an unuauat height. 
Among the former is r\ small window in the ftj)nce bttwccn 
the south transept and the chancel, on the jnuibn of winch 
and on the wall near It are sonic rcmnins of a diaper piilt^rn in 
colour. This window, und that in the north end vi the north 
transept, may be of the thirte^-nth century. The mowt re- 
markable window of the frjurteeiith rentiiry is that ovi*r tho 
west doorway, with which it apiK-ars to be cnn(rniporaneftiii, 
Both the doorwnys are in tlu' ilix-onitful ntyh', wilh ih*^ over- 
lapping roll tor a Ijood-mouhlini^, and nvf |>rohid»ly rcfiTablf? 
to about 1330. The liood^Tnimhlingcif the wiiidiiW ik ilin'cn-nt, 
and what might he thought some years later: the trtU'i'Ty 



2M 



ON THE CHUnCH AX WORTH. 



faowever is decorated, and in it is nn escutcheon with the : 
of l)e Warenne in glass of that time. These arc most like 
the coat of John dc Warcnuc Earl of Surrey, who succeeded l« 
thu earldom and to the lordship of Worth in 1304, and dk'd 
without legitimate issue in 1347. The window in the soath , 
tmiisept is a modem imitation of that just described, M 

The roof is flat and modern. It is ceiled and whitcwaslied n 

in the nave and panelled in the chancel, and has the appear- , 

ranee of having undergone some comparatively recent re|itiir. m 

The Font^ which stands near the south door, is curious: it " 
consists in reality of two fonts placed one upon the other. 
This is not suggested hy ita appearance, for the lower, which 
is I foot inches high, is not very unlike many supiHjrtsof 
fonts of the twelfth or thirteenth century, being apparently a , 




square resting on a short cylinder between four columns, on ft 
. flquaro base coniaion to all. The upper font is I foot 4:J inches 
riiigh, and nearly square, viz., 3 feet '2 inches by 2 feet, having 
tliree of the sides enriched with ornamental carving, and the 
fourth plain, as if designed to stand against a wall. The 
carviiigs, ofl it now stands, ai'e, on the south aide six pointed 



ON THE CUUBCH AT WORTH, 



245 



qiiatrcfoils, 3 atid 3; on the cast a double arcade of pointed 
iircheSj the lowt-r plain, the upper trifuUated ; and on tlie north 
a double cross molinc- There is nothing timt indicates any 
great diflerence of ilate between tlic two fonts : a iew years 
before and after the comincnceuicnt of the thirteenth century 
might probably aafficc for both. Opiuiona may even differ as 
to which is the carbcri but 1 think the lower one \vu3 first 
executed, and that the other may be as late as the early part of 
tlie reign of Hcury TIL It is not easy to account for such an 
arrangement. From the manner in wliieh tliey fit one on the 
other, without very obvious marks of inutilatiou to bring them 
to this state, the later might seem to have been designed for 
that purpose, the east and west sides of the upper (which are 
those farthest apart) being slightly chamfered at their bases to 
hrijig them even with the top of the lower font. But, on 
examination, I think it will be found that, the base of the 
arcade on the east side has been slightly cut away by the 
chamfer; and this may justify us in concladiug that the upper 
font was not designed foi' its present situation. 

Having described the church with some minuteness of 
dctaU, I proceed to consider what may be the date of it.' 
Mr. Eloxam, Mr. Sharpe, and otiicrs who have seen it, have 
come to the conclusion that it is substantially an Acglo-Saxon 
buiUling; and, what is rare, that there has been no deviation 
from the original ground-plan, though without doubt there 
have been great repairs at various times, anJ windows and 
doorways inserted, and the roof throughout rtpluced by a 
modern one. lu this opinioUj after a careful examination of 
what 1 believe to be the gromids of it, I am brought to 
acquiesce. Little is known of the early ecclL-sijistical archi- 
tecture of the Anglo-Saxons. As the companions and followers 
of Augustine erected chiu"ches of Btonc, no iloubt it was in tlie 
Roman style as then pracf ised in Italy, but with little, if niiy, 
ready-wrought materials at command, Bede, writing about 
730, contrasts the practice of the Christians of Scotland, who 
built them entirely' of wood [roborc Jtecfo), with that of the 
English, who built of slonc.'^ A [jortiou of the church at 
Jarrow, in which he officiated, is bdieved to remain. The 
style, gradually d^jbascd, became what is now culled Anglo- 

" Lib. ill, c. :£5. 



S46 



ON THE CHURCH AT WOETH. 



SftXOD. The domestic edifices of the Anglo-Saxons were chicfiF 
of wood ; and smaller cliurclies, where stone ivas scarct* tiud 
timber plentiful, were probably of that material. A taste for 
carpentry forms for decoration, even in stom\ appears Uy have 
grown up in this country befortj the Conquest. The pccU' 
Sarities of the Anglo-Saxon style have been noticed by several 
writers, and they are perhaps nowhere better stated than in 
the later cditiona of Mr. Bloxam's J^rincipleH of Gothic £cti€- 
mastical Architecture. 

Ill no part of thia church have I found any kind of con- 
struction or decoration peculiarly Nonjian, except pL-rhaps the 
arch in tlie east wall of the south transept, which seems later 
masonry than the transept arches. The most rcniarkabic in- 
dications of its being of Anglo-Saxon workumiislup are Itic 
quoins and pilasters, especially the latter. Narrow ribs of 
stone, giving the masonry the appearance of carpentry, occur 
on divers churclitjs believed to be Anglo-Saxon ; tind pilas* 
ti-'ra, having considerable resemblance to these, exist on the 
churches of Corhampton, Hants, and Stanton Lacy, Shrop* 
flhirc, wliich are generally held to belong to that period ; oud 
also, according to Mr. Sharpc, at Wolheding, in this county, 
which he considers to be Anglo-Saxon,^ Some of the pilAft- 
ters at Corliainpton, il' nut at Stunton Lacy, stlU rise to the 
roof, and it is not clear whether they were ever cut or tied 
midway by a stringcourse. At the present time there id no 
indisputable evidence of there having ever heeu any pilasters 
at Worth above the stringcourse. Over each pilaster of Um 
nave is a crack in the plaster, but that may he due to other 
causes thnn the existence of the remains of a pilaster there; 
and on the north side of the chancel, over tliat near the lancet 
window, is a disturbed appearance in the masonry, dimly seen 
through the whitewash, possibly occasioned by the removal of 
an upper pilastcrn If indeed any traces exist in the masoimr. 
they are covered by the plaster and whitewash. The chancel 
arch and the arches leading to the transepts are also ui favour 
of an ante-normu[i date. Beside their general character and 
the absence of Nornmn ornament, the large stones of which 
the chancel ^ch ia constructed^ its irregular masonry, the pccu- 

' 8rcFnH««dingi oftlie mwlingorclio p. 11. nt tha end uf vol. VXi of ihaa 
Aruhvological 1 unlit ulf at Cliichi-Bl^r, Coflfetions. 



ON THB CHTTBCH AT WORTI 



247 



liar capitals, the stgiian^ and double square Iiood-mouldings, 
the descending half-round, the ]jlmn jmnbs of the transept 
arches, their double square imposts, the descending square 
uiDuldiug, and the peculiar masonry of those jambs, nil accord 
with Anglo-Saxon architecture better than withNorniaa. The 
great length of ihc chancel in proportion to the nave ia re- 
markable, iind not usual m Norman churches ; but I place no 
reliance upon it, for the like ia found at Soiupliiig; where the 
position of tliecommuuication between the Angio-Sasou tower 
and the later nave is adverse to & supposition that tlie present 
nave and chancel occ^npy the site of the earlier church. ^*^ 

It may appear strange, that, if this church be Anglo-Saxon, 
there should be no unquestionable trace of any original door- 
way or window. But, as the original church must have had 
a doorway aud windows, this objeetion would be equally 
applicable to the assignment of any date to it prior to the 
thirteenth century ; yet the church is certainly older than that 
period, A comparison of the intervals of the pilasters on the 
south side mates it probable that an original doorway occupied 
the site of the present south door. The absence of all such 
traces may be accounted for, not only by the plaster and 
whitewash, but by both the doorways occupying the places of 
the former doorways, and some of the windows being enlarge- 
ments of those which preceded thcnu 

It has been noticed that the roofs of the transepts spring 
from the stringcourses. Seeing that the earliest windows in 
the nave and chancel arc lancets, and are above the string- 
course, and no pilaster appears tlierc, 1 have been led to con- 
sider whether it ia likely that the original roofs of the nave 
and chancel also sprang from the stringcourses, imd whdber 
the walls may not have been raised above the stringcourse iu 
the thirteenth century, and those lancet windows made in the 
new work. The walls of Stanlon Lacy Church do not appear 
to have ever been lower than these now are, and those of Cor- 
bampton but little so ; and, if the roofs of this nave and chaucid 
ever sprang from the stringcourses, they must have be<.'n low, 
especially the chancel, as the stringcourse on it ia not so high 
Q& that on the nave. Still it is remarkable, that the stving- 



** fico n ^lan t^tBomyting Cliurcli, ArahEol. Joomal, toL li, p. Ill, 



248 



ON THE CHURCH AT WORTD. 



course of the nave nnd llie capitals of the piers of the cLarcel 
arct arc nojirly on a level, ns if desigiini with refcreucT to 
each other ; aud, if the roof had a pitch not ^eatcr than might 
be expected on an Anglo-Saxon chiircli, there would have \icen 
ample room for that arch, ^vhich we have seen is 22 fwl 
> 6^ mchc9 in the opening above the floor, the radius being 
about 7 feet, and the pii-rs about 15-^ feet: add to whichi 
that the walls of Dnubam Chuixh, Suffolk, which ore reputed 
to he Anglo-Saxon, are, if I mistake not, no higher than these 
would be if they did not rise above the stringcourse. Und 
theae been raised, the upper part of the quoins would be latei 
than the lower j and at the south-west comer of the nave a 
few stones near the top, but no more, look later than the rest: 
on the other hand, however, the quoin at the south-east comer 
has all the appearance of being original to the present roof> and 
if this be so, the wall cannot have been raised as supirosed. 
On the whole, I am induced to think the walls are of their 
original height ; but, should indubitable traces of Bimilar 
pilasters ahove the stringcourse be hereafter discovered, the 
question would be settled beyond all reasonable doubt, 

A supposed difference in the stringcourse on the north side 
of the nave, and the absence of pilasters below it, led Mr 
Ilussey to conclude the north wall had been rebuilt, though 
on the old foundation* If so, it must in all probability have 
taken place when or before the lancet window was formed- 
But that stringcourse ia in fact chamfered like the one on IIk* 
south side, and in other respects bears a great resemblance to 
it, and is as near as may be of the same height, PilastoR 
have been removed, we know, either wholly or in pnrt, from 
other portions of the building, and therefore there is nothing 
improbable in supposing that those on the north aide of the 
nave may have been taken away when some great reparation 
was effected ; which may have been when the buttress uras 
erected at the north-west corner. Whatever traces of them 
remained would now be concealed by the plaster. 

In conclusion, I would observe, that though T concur in the 
opinion that this church is substantially Anglo-Saxon, I seo no 
good reason for believing it to be of earlier date than the first 
half of the eleventh century. I incline to think the nave and 
chancel were not built at once ; for the difference in the height 



ON THE curncH at worth. 



240 



of the stringcourses ti]ioii tlicm, not to uituitioD the variation 
in fnnt), eugj^csts thiit thu cluinctl was first crceted. Being a 
fortst country, tliere mav bave bten a tcniporaiy woodtn nave 
which was shortly afterwiirds replaced hy tbc prtscnt, for tlic 
interval cannot bave been long. The striugconrses on the 
transepts resemble thnt on the clinncci ; but then they were 
iicvPt fr^^e m\i\ independent strings, but were, I conceive, ori- 
ginnllj' introduced merely to carry the roofs, or at least to 
mark to the cjc the roof-benring lines. Etheldred II married 
in 1002 a Norman princess, who afterwoids became the 
queen of his successor Canute, She waa the mother of 
Edward the Confessor by Etheldred. A Nornittii influeTice 
in architecture began to be experienced, it is believed, in this 
island several years before the Conf|nest, and it Is said to 
have been encouraged I»y the Confessor, who bad spent some 
years in Normandy. Still, if the inacrihed stone found on 
the site of Deerhnrst Church, Gloucestershire, recorded the 
erection of that church," as seems most probable, the Anglo- 
Saxon peculiarities had not, it is manifest, become extinct at 
that period of the Confessors reign. Opinion will always 
outmu assignable evidence and logical inference; and, if I 
were required to state more definitely when I think this 
church was built, I should say that it was connucnced and 
the chancel completed, I eunceive, in the latter part of the 
troubled reign of Etheldred 11, or in the somewhat more 
quiet one of Canute, and the nave was added in the reign of 
Edward the Confessor, not long afttT hia accession. 

^' Cniiipamon Eo the Olouarj of Architcdurc, pi £G, 



vin. 



32 







hr (v.r--.:-.. ^w-. ."\k iLii'.r^ :^. i liZiir-Mi v-fars ago. *rot 
;iri ^j^/v..." ",f ;..i '>!ra>:*"-r,.u ..^iLi^ -.:- tiio *:cljict. portly in 

'I f.'-, ^-.rj f'liifii 'f.'-;- :;-."ii':r: ,i vj;r:: -v i<:r:*s the ctontrv so 
4|r,T(r fif/! '!,rf>'.l', •r.A* :f-.i ;-:an:r:il ici^^uir setms to have 
tl>/i»»^l»* !..,:,!!',: 'r**/,''i TO ia.p:*:: Vjii^'^chmj: of the same 
tUnr'\'^*r *'» 'W.'j ft'"'rx,;jt *o kLot his l'<j<Ai:e^'S through the 
S'i(a<* y rf*t,^|, ar.fl^ \,% o.;i\fiO-i;.j Li* " Eaaajiof a Traveller" in 
f#f*'lt imrl li'jhn. 'rf-/':i ;,iv i:i,;r''Ic^i anv I'rt^ji'.eDC or popular 
ir»t<r'"ijf"- "AJfti !■:■ r Jii-'irl:=, II'; avijweJ. indii-ed, his con* 
tMfpj'f. n'* **■'' ^It'Sii [ifi -*:ntly *!:■:, i^r the opinion of tbo$e who 
f^fiil'l n^'f Mh'lf rntjirifl hn f^^tin. Die natur^il n:sult ha^ been 
\\}i%\ liK fl'-^rrijfli'iri of ^^u^s'x Jiir;n fiTiJ manners has remained 
filtrfi'^f iihkri'iwri, ari'l, 'ilMioii^li wntt<;n with much liveliness 
nr»il cbrrw'Ipi'MH of ^h-^'TVution, n:'[uiri'?, ami, it is hoped, 
jiHtflW'Et Mp': pr'H' III i-tu-ijipr ro introrUicc it to wider notice, 

hr. JiJiii Ihirtop/n roniicctiriii with Ji^us^sex was only ncci- 
drnhfl, JI4 Ik- wa^ lioni, in I 'il'O, at WernbwortU in Devonshire, 
\\\uvv \m fiilliiT WMH TivAtjT. VVhilc yet only seventeen, he 
tt-Mil III OKfijnl, and wan rlectod u scholar of Corpus Christi 
rnllr^i\ and, \\\U'X hncoiniiif; lt,A., continued then: as tutor 
iPtii) UN*rk Ici'tiircT fi*r liftcen years, superintending also the 
rliih-iitlnti |m*HH. 

< lli^rfifiimiifr'iirt HtXfTt^unra fkUn \Ut pI J. Kivinglon, in Cfnn^crio Pnulino, 
NiMilmi»> A Rijii*i>tli>iiH% 'iVn^Kriimiitur, *-i*\. KlvUWr, Oion. udoClii. 
lltHPIr-Mllllkt-. Ijtiliilllil, pPTHirilMt ft|Mirl J. 



EXTftACTS FROM THE ITER SUSSEXIENSE. 



251 



Although not an Etonian by education, he was in the year 
1733 clecttid a Fttlow of Eton College, a favour he owed to 
having had many Etonians aa his pupils. When he went to 
take possession of the vicarage of Mapledurham, to which he 
had been appointed in 1734^ he found there Mrs, Littleton, 
the widow of the foriuer vicar, with her three daughters, and 
they were compassionately allowed Ijy bim to remain. This 
intimacy, after one of hla visitors, u neighbouring clergymanj 
had found the lady acting qs his barber and shaTing him^soon 
resulted in hia marrying lier. The daughters continued his 
guests even after his wife's death in 174S, and he then resided 
principally at Eton College. He seems to have acquired a 
nickname there, aa in a satirical pamphlet of 1 749, he is styled 
'* Jack of Eton, commonly called Jack tlio Giant." He took 
the degree of B.D. and D.D., and published many sermons. 
He became rector of Worplesbam in Surrey in 17GC; and 
dying at Eton on February LI, 1771, at the age of seventy- 
sis, was buried at the entrnncc of the inner chnpel of the 
college, Tliere is, bowever, no raonumontal record of him there. 

All Lis works were printed at Oxford, and occupy five 
volumes, of wbicb — 1st and 2nd arc Semions, 1764: 3rd. 
Remarks on Clarendon, 1744; 4th, Opimiala imficetltimra 
Tiimlo//ira, wiMiout date; 5th, Ojjmmhi MwHlama Mdrito- 
pi'omicG, 1771. This last contains voffouvTo^ /^^ A£T»i/iaTtf — 
oJoiTCp&uvTiJc pLcAfm^ffTrt — lierStmcj'icnse — {ino^nsa^ix;^ carmen 
episiolare — fliroJu/xiuvTo; ^f^fT^ifwcTj^, a Juarticy in France — a 
Lfrmcnlation over luH Bfmg Wife? 

Before passing on to his Sussex travels, this account of the 
author may be fitly concluded by the critical remarks, with 
which the learned Provost of Eton, Dr. Hawtrey, who had been 

S^c^sonaliy informed of the character of Dr. Burton by a late 
Etonian, remembering hiin as a contemporary, has been good 
enough to fnrnish tins brief sketch: — " He was a very re* 
markable man. Among the many very cm-ious MSS. be left, 
one was an 'Essay on Projected Improvements in Eton School/ 
never printed, ajid since lust. It is said that he grew unpo* 



T The dptiila of hfa lifo, jd Chulmcrs* 
Biogro|>hit'Bl Diflionnrj, sivi mahik lalen 
frijUJ B Mi'iiioir, wntieii hy liia fricnfl unci 
<yiii#in. Dr. Eftwnrd ULMiLtmmi Caitan of 
CiiriBt Cliurch, and published at the time. 



be la orrojiojuilj cirttnbeil n** "M.D. and 
AntiquHrji" and inniij mrditjil wtirlu ftro 
wroitglj nBCribed to hini. 



OF UR. JOHN BURTON. 



253 



and of the medicinni springs of Upsom, then in fashion, lie 
becomes the guest for two days of a distinguished family 
here, and on leaving tlieni breaks out into hearty gratitude to 
his hosts thus ; — " Oh ! Jupiter of frieudsbip, good-felbwahip 
and hospitality, preserve for ever Ilie house of the Bcauclcrks/'^ 
Dr. Burton thm describes the two roada leading down froai 
the chalk hills — one lo Reigate, the other to Dorking (tuv 
^^)/tiy'y\\v), both leading into Koilo-Surrej (as lie says the 
low Lountry might be fairly named, after the Asiatic KOiA^jsppjic), 
and onwards into "Susses, a ninddy^ fertile, and pastoral 
cuutitry, smooth and flat indeed, when seen from afar, hut 
not easy to ride or drive through ; so that, having thereby 
earned a bad name, it has passed into a by-word, and any 
dirticulty hard to get through, or i^truggle agauist, may, by a 
simile, bo called the Sussex bit of the road (to Tiaf^Vii^tectnv tuv 

lie then speaks of '* that shirking and runaway river the 
Molo"* (SvffOTTDr Krti xTsehS^x^TtMss AiTTffX^Ei), aud of the beauties 
of Hox Hill iz"^^ TP'c xu£^v5J5 taffsia), where "a certain fetid 
frngrnnee (Soe-al^^ rtq ^voap^ia) is spr<jad all aroundn" He cou- 
si(k^rs thnt part of the country so hilly and desert, that hard- 
working pinughniei] and herdsmen ought not to live ttiere, 
lest they shouhl be starved, but only those wonder-working 
and air-fed poets (6jaujtiaTupyoi hai tct^ctoauoi Tcxvjrtf who rave so 
finely about Parnassus. 

Uuring his visit to the top of Leith Hill, a violent storm 
of rain fell below him. without wetting him, so that when he 
came down, and continued his journey into Sussex, he asto- 
nished those he met 

" We then came to a certain village situated in the plain, 
and tlie principal man of the village (d /aj^»px»iO. very hospita- 
ble according to his own nianncr and breeding, met us very 
friendly, aud, touching our clothes, cried out, in wonder at 
tiieir being dry, ' Oh, master, where could you have come 
from to us, not to be wetted by such showers ?' * Neither by 
the plain, my good man, nor by the clouds, so it seems tbat I 
must have conic down from heaven, but whether by machinery 
or not, here I am, ready for dinner.' 

^ lu Z(Ti tTtiiptii, vat aipivTit nut (avk, rav rw UQtfia^jittv tmeov Cf u't ftm Sia^ 



OF DR. JOHN DUnTO?f. 



365 



for everywhere the usual fixjtmarks of oxen appeared, and we 
too, who were on horseback, going on zigzag almost like oxen 
at plongh ce^ffTfofiiSflv), advanced as if we were turning back, 
while we followed out all the twists of the roads. Not even 
now, thougli in summer time, is the wintry state of the roada 
got rid of; for the wet, retained even till now in this mud, is 
sometimes splashed upwards all of a sudden to the annoyance 
of travellers, Our horaea could not keep on their legs on 
account of these slippery antt rough parts of the roads, 
but sliding and tumbling on dieir way, nnd almost on tbeir 
haunches, with all their haste got on but slowly. Advancing 
in this manner for ahout eighty furlongs, without dust indeed, 
but not without dirt, we saw on our right, not far off, the 
lofty spire of a certain church constructed with Avoodcn tiles 
put together rather in atone- fashion.^ 

"Horsham itself now appeared to us the metropolis of all 
in the Weald of Anderida,*' ancient and populous, Tlie 
County Gaol and Assise Court^ are established there. The 
people of the country flock in at the yearly judicial nsscmblies, 
as also for the weekly market, where salesmen from London 
buy with ready money so many thousand of the ehinken race,^ 
Nor should this bo omitted (sinee, as wayfarers, we enjoyed 
its great convenience), that around the town, in tlie muddy 
district itself, a certain sandy and rideablc plain arises, about 
thirty furlongs in circumference, where a sort of treasure is 
found, precious from its rarity in the coimtry. From the 
quarries of stone there, they work out split slabs and use 
them histcad of tiles to roof their house-s.^ The town is 
therefore especially famous for these. In the bottom, that 
most slow-flowing of rivers, the Arun,^'^ in which trout thrives, 
flows down from hence towards the south, and, becoming 
navif^ablc about Arundel, falls lower downi into the sea. 

" We then prrjcecded through a forest which has its name 
from St. Leonard," extensive and easily travelled through. 



mfifvriv^ — p. SO. In comuioa pliru;\ 

^ citjfUMTJtpiov ro vrovSrijtioy Kat ro 
' m aXtKTpvavim rtvocf /ivpta &aa 



IfiTT'tpiH. 

Kai rai'Taii; tiv-n Kipa^mv ^(puifiivot m^; 

ApHV. 



256 



EXTRACTS FROU THE JTER SCgSEXlENSE 



After passing this, we fell agflin upon the especially impnssa 
Sussex roada j^* aiul tlic remaiuckTof this journey, tlioiigli 
itself a little one and short, appeared to us unreasonably 
letigtbcnod beyond med, and tlie ride was such as to hv 
thoroughly disagreable^ more especially to us who were un- 
used to such difflculties. The surface of the earth dea-ivoil 
and impeded us in our advnnce, for althongh apparentiv dry, 
and looking tinii, yet it entrapped us, as wo went on. into 
tumbles and much nmddiness, so that the day was aired? 
fading away when we arrived at the long-desired dwellin^'/'^ 
This was the rectory-honse of Slicrmaiibury (£^fp.av^HpJH 
where Dr. Burton's mother lived, as the wife of Dr. John Bear. 
He was of course warmly welcomed by the figetl rector. 







"venerable both by his aspect and hia priestly professia 
and thoroughly devout^ during all his life, both in mind ai 
ediicjitioa.*' Dr. Burton vouchsafes to say that he lived the 
in comfort ami moderation " not unplcaaaittly" (hk a^^Baii;). lb- 
then describes the habits of the country people, with some 
phrases us to thtir dialect rather pedniitic, but showing thnl 
bis ear had readily caught the peculiar intonatioD of Sue 
often laying the accent on the last syllable. 

'*Tlie men there, bs not being accustomed lo quit tJ 
homes for the sake of traffic, or any other pur])osc, gc 
live by themselves, and, being bom on the soil, eontinne 
refined. Nor does it Beem at all strange if, mixed up wilh so 
much mud, some sordidness should niso stani in aomc degree 
the frame of their minds. Their manners therefore ore n 
the most gentlemanlike or ngrecahle, but neither are thfl 
rjuite bnrbnrons.^^ hi their persons not corpulent, but rathfl 
spare and tliin^shaiiked ; in their diet generally frugal ; and id 
their cookery, being neither dainty nor expensive, they 
moat for pork, which indeed they prejjare skilfully, by st 
ing in brine. After being thus picklod, somewhat in th 
Egyptian manner, they shce it off wlien nnrcd, as the fat 
may want. Tliey also cook a certain lump of barley me 
looking much like mud itaelf, and hardened like iron.'"* offerin 
it at meals instead of bread. These you will tind universallj 



" H fAir **trtv t\tv9tQWTarm nit x°' 



aVTift bfioioTOTtiv fat miijfM rpow^r 



OP DE. JOHW BUBTON, 



357 



" Aa to their education and studits, what caa one say ? 
They do uot coiiceru themselves with litemture or philosojihy, 
for they consider such things to be onlyidUug, but they 
perscvci-c in paying uLteation to the whole art and practice of 
breeding cattle, and, being greedy of gain, and terrible over- 
renchcrs. ibcy despise everything else. They are very onibi- 
tious hereabouts to be reckoned the most BkilTul in rearing 
cattle, and sucli like, and tliey (ilough and drive waggons 
with oxen in preference to horses. Everybody has, one might 
say ironically, an ox in his mouth (Sovc ^t* yAw-rrfl),^^ for all 
their anxiety is about that. 

"In their dialect they are not very Attic, but neither are 
they Boeotian ; they do not speak very mincingly, as in tlie 
court fashion, but they do not lengthen out their vowels in 
the rustic fashion ; they stretch out some words in their pro- 
nunciation in the Ionic manner, while they make others hrojid 
in the Doric manner, and, dividing the syllables of the words, 
they raise their voice, as if accented, to a ahaip pitch, and 
moreover deliver all their words fluently and in a sort of sing- 
song,*** The more ahrill-toncJ they may be, the more valued 
they are; and ia church tticy sing psalms, by preference, not 
set to tlie old and simple tune, but as if in a tragic chorus, 
changing about with strophe and antistrophe and stanzas, 
with good measure, but yet there ia something offensive to 
my ears, when they bellow to excess, and bleat out some 
goatish noise with all their might.*' Tou would probably 
admire the women, if you saw them, as modest in connteniuice 
and fond of elegance in their dress, but, at the same time, 
fond of labour, and experienced in household matters ; both 
by nature and education better bred aad more intellectual 
generally than the men. 

" Corae now, my friend, I will set before you a sort of 
problem in Aristotle's fashion; — Why is it that the oxen, 
the swine, the women, and all other animals, are so long- 
legged in Sussex? May it be from the difficnlty of pulling 
the feet out of so much mud by the strength of the ankle. 



" Soi'C 'Ti yXwrrp ■ for tli^ iakBofhU 
Grwk j'ikci. Dr. Uurlon applied to fhopo, 
vlioBP Ulk TOfl of Dif7i,tht>prororb wljicli 
*iident!^ implied (ilonce piiii-'hapcd by 
l]ribeiy.Lhr>ccimb«anngtheimiigeofaZ]oz. 
VllI, 



'■ rdi <?j] fiXuc anirra happriS^v tat 
CowfTCt' tie vtptaiTtaCt '^^* '^^'''^ rptrof 

33 



25B 



EXTRACTS FROM TH£ ITEK StSSEXl£N8B 



that the muscles get stretched, as it were, and the bi 

leugtbenedP" *^ 

It will be more convenient here to include the fiirJ 

remarks of Dr. Burton on his Shermanbury relations j 

neighbours from his Latin letter,^* reporting another viaii 

hia inflrm parents. He f torts from Eton, and, noting! 

ciouda of dust on his way as what he had not expected 

Sussex, arrives by sunBct at the rectory ; — " In the porch 

inscribed the VirgUian motto, — - 

' Auilc, boipGs, contcmnerc opes, tt te quoque digmna 
Finge Deo, rebusque vcm uou aspcr cgonia,' 

How admirably fitting to the manners and fortunes 
Christian priest!" The venerable Dr. Beer is spoken ol 
much feeling : — 

" Here is a septuagenarian, fit to be reckoned ami 
theologians of the first rank, by his learning; — by his moi 
inferior to none in piety, faith, and primitive simplicity, 
nishcd with all the virtues which adorn a Christian pri 
by his fortunes, lo! this same man iu slendtir circumstai 
stuck aud buried iu that irresistible Sussex mud, iu a 
spot, for more than seven lustres,™ broken by bis years 
labours, and manifestly worn out as a soldier in Chr 
church, poor in the decline of his latter days, uurewar 
and aoon lo die among the triumphs of hia Christian warf 
look, I say, at this man, the sport of fortune, and I had all 
eaid, the reproach of his friends. How disgusted I iit 
diately felt with myself, when looking on him 1 how, iu c 
parison with him, I despised myself, sleek and fat with a i 
fed body, like a pig from the reverend herd.^* And he a 
"that he would rather hunger gloriously with his venei 
steplatlier than revel in unbought luxury as the guest of 
Pelhama." 



" aye le, trpotkijfia ri ffoi, at rav, Api- 

irai vtc. tat iwaiti^^ lai Z'^a rti aWa 
irapa rot^ Xaatnjlion: fianporrsikifTTipa 
ti^Tiv; Ji Jin Tn ? fcnva/nrtitlTiirOl' Tit*V 
yrvtwv tK Ttj njXui^^c TOJtrr¥, rni ilfp to 

iiaTiipiit&iii, icai ^Tt rn arrrta irrt/iacpif 
vttrt»ai.—V. 37. 

1' lUrr SusaeuoiAa- — Com. .^Imil. S. 



" En eatidem tenoi in ro, ot lo«> 

par lustm pluBqufioit uptem in iurlii 
futo tlJo SuvfifiKLUDai fk'Gium Atqoo 
turn.— 1*. 56. 

"' Ml* (litirliim el* b<Tto curatA outJ 
gUPiTif Gt quBflL iwerundo de gngd 
cum !— ifiio iff^uQi denlque, >*^ 
Bcnei, »plendide eHiirire laaUcm, ' 
PehUamiflarum cotLTiva iaompto Iu 
Udsri,— F. G6- 




OF DR. JOHN BDETOW, 



25D 



Dr. Bear lived, Lowevcr, ten years after this, survivin 
Ur Burton's niotlier some years. In ShermaBbury chiirc 
there remains the following monunaeut to their memory : — 

In memory ol' tlie truly ReF"*. 

John Hear, B.D, 

Rector of tills parish, sad rcatdcnl 

above 50 yeara, who died 

March 9. 1763, aged B8 years. 

A mnti of eicmplary pi^ty and learning, 

Ji jmblfc testimony of which the Clergy gave 

in choosing biin one of their 

JtepresealaUvea iu Conrocation. 

And of Maiy hia bi>lovp(l "Wife, 

wlio died April 23, 1755, 

Aged 80 jeftTS. 

Ttifl Lord grant onto them thnt they 
May flud Mi'roj in the Lord in th^t Uny, 



Thifl Monument waa erected 

Ly her sod, 

John Burton, I»,D. 
1767" 

A few more general remarks from the Latin letter may 
here be atlded before proceeding on the journey. 

" How great on all sides is the abundance of cattle, but 
how strange a sohtude of men ! and indeed, to speak plainly, 
tlie nature of the soil seems much better adapted to cattle 
than to men. 

"If you take an interest in Bucolics, admire the race of 
oxen, so sleek and gentlemanly, — look at those loins of beef 
wl41 worthy of knighthood, and of Lord Mayors' banquets;^ 
but you, who may hereafter have to manage a herd of pigs, — 
you, a refined judge of such forms, did you ever see anything 
more ungraceful tban the Sussex swine ? anything more 
bascbrod or ill-conditioned [invent/'Sfim ttirpim inhoncdiusque^ 
p. 5S)? Oh, never let such a creature come into your breed 
at Greenwich. 



^ Bourn gcatem fldmirum nttidjim 

piano Ot libflnUara : op Un-ga bouTn titqio 



Pc^ucetri flt Pnetorii iirhani n«npu 

nivaima. 



260 



EXTRACTS PROM THE TTER ftUSSEXlENSK 



"Behold those enviable ornaments of tbe countr)%the sq 
{Ula ruri^ dt'cora htvidettd/i^ Arwiffrro^^ — ni>t iinlecd sucli as 
your female asseoiblies admire, dressed up like monkeys, and 
talking nonsense, nor such as you might fancy flourishing in 
literary leisure, studious both of civil law and divinity, but 
unpolished and simple, skilled like the Patriarchs in Bucolics 
and Gcorgics alone, rustic both in their iiiannera and arrange- 
ments, and works — wholly ignorant both of licnilcmical dis- 
cipline Fuid your London courtesies. You should obser\e that 
the farmers of the better sort arc considered here as squires. 
These nicn however boast of honoiu'alile lineage, and, like 
oaks uniuug shrubs, buk down upon the rural vulgar* You 
would be surprised at tlie miuouth dignity of these men, and 
their palpably ludicroua pride ; nor will you be less surprised 
at the humility of their boon-companions {compotanfu/ffi), and 
the triumphs of their domineering spirit among the plaudits 
of the pothouse or kitchen; tbe awkward prodigahty and 
sordid luxury of their feasts; the inelegant roughness and 
dull hilarity of their conversation; their intercourse with 
servants and animals so assiduous, with clergymen or gentle- 
men so rare; being illiterate, they shun the lettered; being 
sols, the snber (sofjrioM bihaGttli). Their whole attention is 
given to get their cattle and everything else fat, their own 
intellect not excepted. Is this enough about the squires?^ 
Don't ask anything further about their women. They who 
understand Latin will feel that these remarks do not apply to 
them ; they who do not, I need not dread theu" abuse. 

" Tliis auiumer season has opened the exchange of hospi- 
talities, which the badness of the roads had long closed. Ou 
the invitation therefore of a certain reverend friend about 
four miles oti", we became the heroes of a kulicrous journey. 
We were carried in a Sussex cart or two-horse waggon, and 
while the driver on foot at our side (hove the horses with his 
whip, and a sort of discord*uit bellowing, we, like piisoners, 
turned back to back, were tossed forward, jolted asunder, and 
tumbled together {profrahfmfjr^ dif^fmhimMT, vQiiftiufbrnur). 
Oh ! what a novel vdiiele is this \ Oh I what m jumbling 



sidcnctf; IiemI it been tillierwinr, 1 ooiil:!, 
I Liunk, liavD Uvsd vet^ lw|]pklj in tlw 



Smiih^ p. SO. 



OP DR. JOnN BUMON. 



201 



the tottering carriage, defying sleep mdeed, but not un- 
pleasantly troublesome ! What involuntary langhtcr did it 
shake out of us ! Go on with your cleverness, oh Senators ! 
it ia due to your especial sagacity that we thus travel in a 
waggon." 

Dr. Burton explains in a note that a new tax had just been 
laid upon csirriages, and lie says their troubles were soon 
forgotten when they luet their old friends at their hospitable 
table. His poetical account"* however of similar dinners is 
much leas flattering, and may be thus roughly translated ; — 

'* Among ail caHhbom torcl my time 1 pflss 
With paraon-hatiiig farmers, and alua! 
Wiih plouiii&h a(|uire3, ameored willi no bookisli dual. 
Merry or sadly patient, ilwcll I must- 
At tirtiL-a thtSL- Snsacjs boora niy hiugh provoke. 
At tiiDeg in frowns my dt.'ej> dis^^iat I ctoakn 
Wearied with these^ axy tedium to beguile, 
My IritnJs the clergy do 1 seek owbile. 
Join 111 their jokrs, Ibcir wiedoni pmise, while they 
Gronn o'er anuill livmjra or a ciirnte'* pwy. 
Miu'h of Iht'ir talk, wliile o'er their wine they ait. 
Of tithErs and shL-aves, v/are more for eileace tit. 
'Tlie Church for ever ! kip, Liirrnh T Ibey shout, 
Wliilft I with filu'ers mix in Ihtir joyous rout,'** 

Revertnig bnck to his Greek Diaiy, we find that on leaving 
Shermanbury, Dr. Burton went south by a very had road till 
he got to the South Downs, on which he enjoyed the delight- 
fid ride and the fine views till he came to Lewes race-course, 
"in a most well-adapted spot, heing moderately sloping and 
curved. To these races do all the people of the country flock 
from every fjiiarter, and there is much competition among 
the fashionable, both the lookers on and those looked at—at 
night balls for the dancers, and other pleasures. That assem- 



»• '^Ad. Oul.GrwnawaT, A. M. Aula 
CorrmiB in Aj.-ad. Oion. Vioo-Prinoipulinii 
ftuiici riistioiiHlifl Bpielolfl.'' — V. liii. 

^ " 9auoxJ0BMa sgnoolfld is^ 

J-atatj viTorutn ttfirigfnuni p^ciifl, 

Pruhpudor! amtigLToa otonot, 
niittfHtii puLvere sordiilon, 
Laborc i'uiigOF, poL neqiia Aerio, 



Bed tiec joco»o, nempe riaum 

Srp(? moTent milii, aippa biI«B3- 
ErgD iaU faLlo Iffidia cloruxia 
Pnitrea rorbPTf a ; hlo «ApientEAiD 
Laudo ibceUm, t^I ■eronm : 

Et Deniaiji super atque GarhU 

Sacru l4?ijU{'Uti*e ibgiin siji'i^liu 
AdTnirpf ; — boua ! Eccfenia jJorvat 
Propino, et applernna aiinc™ 
Jura quuror ?ii>Juta cU-ri." — P. Liti, 



282 



EXTRACTS FROM THE ITKll SC8SEXIENSE 



blago uidced is very famous for the number and splendor 
tbe company, aud principally because of tiic high-born Pel" _ 
presiding there, who, as stewards, direct everything iii the moaft 
sumptuous fityle.'^ 

'* The town of Lewes» though small indeed if compari;d 
with 3ome we huvt% is prosperous, aud has abundance of ail 
things contributiug to the ueci^ssities, uses, or even pleasure 
of life, lying ill a very pleasant country, and placed on the 
riJgc of a hill between two valleys. There ia a continued 
»lopc dowu\i'nrds from west to cast aa far as the river, named 
the Ouse [Ovtir^ec], from whence perhaps the town dcrirca iU 
name, which, aa it flows along the pkin,cuts the town in two. 
It is navigable, and about si\ty furlongs off, falls into the sea, 
where the mouth of the harbour is called New Haven, Be- 
yond the river a hill risu-s abruptly, very white and steep, but 
BO overhanging aud overshadowing all lying around it^that lo 
a distant beholJer the houses below seem as if they had been 
dug out of it. Aud who would not admire the street leading 
down to the river! Standing on the ridge, you see on the 
right and the left a well-peopled valley, vessels going up and 
down, well-watered meadows, and workshops for whatever is 
needed for navigation. 

" I observe that the public buildings, being very old, are 
quite decayed and dirty, with nothing venerable or ornamental 
in tliem, hut very many of the houses of individuals are well 
designed and handsome. Among these the magazine of iron* 
raongory is the most complete and worth seeing. In it a 
marvellous preparation goes on of all things worked out of 
iron, such perhaps aa you would not find even in the iron- 
mongers* shops of London itself, Tbe master of tbe house 
kindly received us who were strangers, desirous of gralifjing 
us in every way, and he led us through the back of his house 
to gardens, marvellous in their height and arrangement ; for 
in this uneven and prccipitous situation enormous mounds 
are heaped and filled to a level, and parallel walks axe laid 
out upon them, loftier than all the houses arouud, so that, as 
if from a watchtower, we could from thence clearly sec all 
the environs to a distance, and vast and most beautiful thc^ 

* tvTaifOtt irpotfptimtntr oX tvyavttC riqXa^ifJai, «cu atravra x*'PH7^* Siotntir 



OK DE. JOUN BtlEtON. 



263 



were. These wonderful pnrdeiis seem estal dished on the 
mins of the ancient castle, for traces appear there of a great 
broken wall, loftyjowers^ an impassable dilchj and numerous 
fortifications advanced in front."^ 

This 13 not a very archa?ological account of Lewes Castle, 
but marks the uses to which the ruins were then turned by 
Mr. Harben, the great ironfounder of that time, whose house 
was to the west of the preaent County Hall Dr. Burton, in 
a note written subsequently, says, that this great iron factory 
hadalrcady disappeared, and that "accrtain ambitious citizen 
liad njodcroized the old parts, in order to make a paradise iu 
the desert and a palace in the ruins," p, 45. 

''Going down from thence to the inn, we ate our dinner as 
we ought — quietly, and then proceeding by the valleys and 
rideablc country towards the wcat, about seventy fiu'longs, 
we arrivL'd just as the day was fading at Brigbthchustono 
(B^**6»iXfi,ffTMV4y MWfitfv TjffJiflaXtfffffjav), a village on the seacoast, 
lying in a valley gradually sloping and yet deep. It la not 
indeed contemptible as to size, for it is thronged with people, 
though the inhabitants are mostly very needy and wretched 
in their mode of living, occupied in the employTnent of fisli- 
ing, robust in their bodies, laborious, skilled in all imiitieal 
crafts, andt as it is said, terrible cheats of the cuBtom-honse 
officers,^ The village ncai' the shore seemed to nie very 
miserable, — many houses here and there deserted, and traces 
of overthrown walla. For that most turbulent of all winds 
with us, the south-west, — 

' The stormy blast across the bouudleBs sea 
LilU high tlie waves, whilu Itemljles aU the eaiih 
Beneath hoorac Neptunt's hea^'-footed tread }' 

or, to speak in plain proae, the waves, at times dashing 
violently upon the shore, had faliakcn and loosened some of 
the rotten foundations, the ground above had given way, and 
all the dwellings on it had twen at once dragged down and 
thrown forward into the sea," p. 47. 

The wooden grotna, built to rctiiin the drift of the sea, as n 



^ Est! ra njc aMpowvXrw^ wii\niftf 
jitp •tiiiivirai ra tx^t fHyuXn ftl|Jt(r 






SUSSEX NOTES AND QUERIES, 



The Committee have much aatisfaction in observing the 
mimcroua contribiitiooa to this department of their voIitmCi 
which was commenced esperimeDtally last year, ODct hope : 
he enabled to continue it. 



OONTEHrS. 



1. JohnWft-k*^, 1695-^. 

2. IkU NoHon. 

8. Elllgiofl in I^L-lit Cburcli. 
4. Bronze CoU, &e.. {woodinfi. 

7. John DunstaL 

a StftlofSoulliMoIlinj 

9. LiueAge of JdIlq Selclisi. 



[Koodcti). 



10- Bopoogti Englinh- 

11, FUcma nt Eoat Holhly {«>0oJcW).J 

12, AjLckrct MunOi of lUe Oush 

13, St, Peter's do Yeteri FonU. 
11. Subsidy Roll of 12D6. 
IG. PAmlly of Lintott^ 
16. Bernard Lintat of HoraliAm, 
IT. 'Roamn Coihb at Stumnglun. 
18- Hoivohold Booke. 



1. John JFefkes, 1695-6. 

TUc following letter (tUe originnl of which ia in my posscaaion} was written 
by an anocstor of mine, who was tho won of Birhnrd Wei-lre-s of Ewhurst, b 
lliia coijiity. He woa born alxjut 1C02 at Tentcrdcn, where Tot some time 
his ancentors lived, — descended, it ia bclieTcil, from Kit^lmni Wcok<'s, proprietor 
of iron wnrlts lu Mouulfiehl, Susses, ia 1B74 (vide Stms^j: Arcfi. Oif/i^tiows, 
vol. 111). Hp Bwms, probably not very lonp after the dutp of the letter, fa 
linve quilted the fortunes and perita of nulitniy life, and ficttlod on his patri- 
moraul estate ; for, ia 1703, he married Jane, daughter of a Mr Boiirenunt 
a eonsiJerable Kentiah loEdowner, by whom he had three sons and one 
dnnghter. Thy Ittter is s^nled with a cout of onns— three arrows — whidi 
vere the nrma of the aii:;ieQt family of Unlea of Tentcrdeii, who dwelt thfTC 
for several generations, and wlio, it may therefore be supposed, were related 
to the writer of the letter. I ahould be obliged by any information to this 
oiFect, and conLtming tho Cuptiiin Burgiaa to whom it ia oddresatd, 

Rar^tpif^rpoiid. Geobgk Weebes. 

*'BEHSPonD, Fehrunry y* SQlh, 169B 

"Dear Grniidfiither, 

*' I and two of my Sarjeaats ore here priaoncrs, tnV&n upon suspieii 
i hnve sliewM loy i-oni miss ion, beating orders and w;imint to talte up 
Jesart^ira, but it would not prevaile. Therefore I shall desire you to api]^e 
\a Sir John Nowton^ or y^ CapUio, to write y" leuale word iniaginaUlc to 



ofi^l 



NOTES AND QUERIES, 



207 



JuaUcG Lide, to satigfie him ttat I am euch q persoii nnd Enaign to Auch a 
Itegimeat, for otherwise 1 slall bo fora-d to stay here or aent to prifluii. Pmy 
Jispatcli y= messenger a? soon aa posnihlt, for j" Justices stuy hert for our 
return. " I am your diitresMd Graudsoo, 

'*JoHw Weksbb, 
"For Cap'. John Burgisa, 
Btt his houac tn 

Kingawood, w^* flpeoda." 

3. Bell Norton. 

Laet winter, the late Geor^ Moliueux, Esq.* b&ving occasioo to moke some 
oltenvtiona in an apartment at hia residence in Saint Anoc'a, Lewes, reupeuiid 
two windowa which ha*l long h.'^w concenled by lath nnd piaster, Tlie gjjisa 
reimiiued perfect, and on one of the pflnea waa the foLowing inscription, 
evidently written, at the period to which the areat telonga, with the diamond 
ring of Bomu lounger -. — ■ 

"13 Sirptemb' 1720, 
"Bell Nortoii tumbled over in fi' Wm. Qagc'H Coach." 

Bv the kiodnesa of our Treaauier, the pane la now in my possession. 
The only Sir William Gage 1 cau diaeovor, &a living in 1720, waa not u 
mcmhcn? of Iho Pirlo family, but a TCproEcntaiiva of the Gag<^ of HeHgravc, 
CO. Suffolk, a collateral branch of Lord Viscount Gage's house, My query 
is. Who was Bell, Isahella, or Arabella Norton ? How she bei^amt an 
onnipmit of the buocet's coach may possibly be explnined by ueighbourhood 
or family coimcctiou ; why or how the lady " tumbled over, it would, I Ibsr, 
be uaeless to inquire. 

Marh Astont LovniB. 



3. Effigies in Ifitld Church, 

Thc9c two moniiincuta, the on« a cross-legged knight and the other a lady, 
have been asai^cd to Sir Jobn and Lady Held, They are pngmved m 
Carlwrighl's Jfjj'/'t' ^f liramber, p. 334, and tLc forinur also in i3(othard*a 
Mott.ump^ttil*Effifiea of Great Britain, p. 53. '*0n the shldd of the blight." 
says Mr, Cnrtwright, *'and on lis aurcoat, the late Mr. Stothard di^covertd 
some frag^mcnta of gilding and p.iint sufficient to ahow that hia aroiorial htar- 
ing was a bend or, wi^ a bordnre gnUi" The coat of Uiehl in the heiuldJc 
dii^Honarica differs widely from this, jia Jo the bairiiiga of Hie Fields and 
Athclds, with which Ifield would setm lo be aynoayraoiu* Sir John dc Ifield, 
rtio, Cartwright says, died in 1317, married Margaret, daughter and heiress 
'~ lir Heniy dc Apuldedield of Wcstcrliiim, in Kent, by whom he had three 
thtcrB, cohclreaacfl^ Margaret, married to Sir Stephen do Aaheway; 
Q*^, married to Sir Thimias de Foxley; and Joan. In NicUoh' 
pher and Genealoffint (port liii, pp. 8-10) is a long account of the 
uul oiliccs ol' Sir John de Uieid, or, aa he waa formerly called, John 
"^eld, wher'! it appears tiiat both he and hia wife Morg^irct wtrc 
'36. Tliid was cvidiiiitly the naiuti person who was returned as 
nights of Sussex, 1324, by the name of Joha d& Feldc ; and it ia 




26S 



N0T&8 ANU QrEAlES. 



lUercforu probable thaUlu: indlvidunla numod "attc Field," and '*De la Field,' 
lui'ntioned in CartwrigUt'a R^ipe oj' Bramber (p. 3), as veuders or puri 
<if Innd about timt period, a^D- 12 SI, 1313, were TrkUd to him j for itt 
inslnnce we find Sir John de llield und William Qttc Field porlies to fine* u 
the &o.nic parishi that of Tarring. Again [Staaex Arch. CollecfioM, Xl^ £20) 
*ve find John tie la Felde aod Itobert de la J'elde jurors in the hundred of 
Tjpcnokc m^i and (p. 218) at tlio *' intjueat of tbc Hundred of ToJtiiiore,*' 
tlie land of Sir Williani do Ifield, at Ifiold, \a reported aa woHIl £5 a ye-jir. 

It does not, at jirestnt, seem possible to make onl a conneclcil pedij^ree of 
this family, and to di^diirt their orifi;iTi; and there vill be idwuya a diilitndt} 
in so doingf ua there was also a roinLlj of I^old, of ItieM in Kent, 

With respect to the txnna or the effigy iibovy moutioned, it is eubinit 
wketiier, Irora probable partial obliteration of coloLurs, they bare not 
iniporfeclly decbhtretl. At the tira^ of the visilotion in 1634, omoi 
otlier couts in llorahoni Cljurch^ woe ooc — quarteriy of fonr ; 1, b&rry of aU 
or luid vert, a beud gulos (the well-known coat of PoyningsJ ■, i, barry of nil. 
ar^^ent and gulea, a beud anble within a bordnre (evidently a cadet of 
Poyidngs) ; 3 Et 4, gone. Now^ wltli the addition of the horry of six, the 
coat on the effigy la Ifield Cbureh would resenibk the arms of this prceumird 
cudot of Poyninga, except in tincturca. May not therefore one of the IfiM 
fannly (if the cfiig; he rightly iissigaed) lisre married a heiress of one of tlur 
I'oyninga fiunily? — a ciueiy sanctioned by the fact of considerable projiertyin 
the utighbouring parish of Crnwiey beiag owned by thai wealthy raoc. 

w. a Ei-Li 



mdl} 



4. Bronze CW/^ i^c. 



J 



By the kindiM^ss of the Rev. Henry Hopcr I hove been en&bkd to — -^ 
drawings of the three brouit objecla, which are here eograved, ono half U 
the oEifjiuul ^ize* 




s. 



NOTES AND QUEEIES. 



269 



' ' 1- A celt, one of Iwo tinrlly aimilnr, found by n flint.-f!ip|j;<*r in n liftb vnlley 
on Hanglctoti Down, about a tiuurU^r of n uuU^ b-E^ of Ihe Dyte 
trcnolij in the year 194S. 

2. A spear-Ueail, found m the aamc yeat, on land broken up for cultivation 

ailjdi'eDt to Ihi! sanie valley on Utmglftou Uowu, 

3. An arrow-bcftd, found near Pieoorabe during tbc couHlnicttoa of the 

B right uu KoUway- 

WlLLlAM FlOO. 



5. Sfheif Marl. 

In the third volume of the SitMCJf Arch. Cbiiecthna, Mr. JJlaauw nuhliabtd 
BCme li^ttp.rs intercfinuge^l betwei^n the Rishop of Chiohf-ster, Rnlph do Nevill, 
&nil bis stewartl, Simon de Scniia, early in tbe tJiirtcentU ctiitury. At 
pp. 63, 73, i^imon dc Scidis t4;lb hia pulroa that mntl bad bt!i^n carted from 
Selatyi wbtrie tt in fouud to be beat, m(trla ojilirmt, to mauure tbu soil at 
CutL-Jmiii. The question of the possibility of procuring ranrl at Seleey had 
bwu referred by Mr. Blaauw to Dr. Mantell, and tbe answer cf the gi^ologiit 
wtta to tlie (ffcd that "tlw mineral in qutatioa was not to be found at SeUej^; 
that uiarL w^a oidy to hv found on tlit^ north aide of the Dovrna, uud that it 
lay tbore, or cropped out btdow thi> ehalk etriktu." Dr, Mantull woa vjot 
acquainted with the uppermott etratum of the chotk, found on the south aide 
of the Dowa3, whit^h is usud for manure? all over the hundred of Manhood, 
and gcuf^rally brought from the pita constantly nov worked on that dide of 
tho Downs from Hainakcr to UpmiU'dcn ; and thia is tho marl in qucsttoa. 
In a geolo^cal inapection hlely made by mo of tlio country south of 
Chichcflter, 1 have dueovered, that altliough neither ehalk nor marl is lo he 
found at Selaey, yet Ihat by n remarkable "fault" (lechnically so called), or 
by ou onticlmal infieclion. tho laal-mcnlioncd stratum is brought to the 
surface in the north part of Siddlesham, the pariali ncT.! adjoining Si^laoy. 
There, aad in the adjoining pariah of Hounstou, both situated bel^^'cen Sclsey 
and Chieheater, are atil! extant old ntarl-pits; Euid it is from these, I am 
persuiwlfcd, the Bishop's peo^de ut Cukcluiiu drew their mnrl. The Bishcip's 
worthy seneichal, I duubt not, waa better acquainted with hia native Picardy 
than with the topc^raphy of tbe Manhood, aod thought that the carta went 
to Selaey, when they stopped abort at Siddicahfim. Iniay add, that 1 believe 
that these, and similar oh) mtirl-pits at Duuiiiugtoii, have heuu ubundoned hi 
eouflequeiioo of the difficulty of draining thero, aud bucause of the gri^aler 
purity of the mari to be had at the foot of the Downs. This conununicutioa, 
if di^(!med worthy of publication, may form au Bpi>eiiJix to the Ibnner curious 
coutribulioo to tho history of the practices of Mn^ieul f:iruihig in Sussex 
referred to. 



already 



P. J. Mauxin, 



6. Streat Place. 

The LatiiL iiiacriptioaa at Streat Place having been lately rearranged and 
restored, tlie i-oiojilete stnleiioe, ubieh wob Itft imperfect in the dcscriptiou, 
vol. IV, p. 1*5^ h 8, now appears to be thus : Qui non tdalpcccart catnponii 



270 



NOTES AND QUERlSfi- 



7, Johrt Vumtat, 

With reference to the familj' of lli& Susspi nrtiat, Jdliii Duiistal (refe; 
to in vol- V, p. 270, and toU VII, p- 66), on ejuly notice occurs iu the MS, 
Oharlulary of Duivford Priory, f. 77. 

" Ealph de Futelworlb and Ua wife Alicia gave to the Priory the land, 
Mogotulandc, which WiHiam Dunstald formerly hfld, with rutming wa*-" 
near, and with common pasture."* 

W. H. Blaauw- 

8» Seal of South MaUyng College. 

The seol of tliia Sason CoUege, here given, ia taken from an instrument ia 
the Chapter House, Wcstminsteri of the exiflteucc of which 1 was not awan: 





at the time 1 prepared for vol, V, p, 127, of our CoVecikna,_ an necount i 
this early religious house. It is of white was, and, aa aeen in tin? woodciil, 
very imperfect. All tbat remQina of the inscription round it is a lelltT or 
two of tho word cccUn^t although iu n book of drawioga of Sussex monastic 
wals mnde by Mr, Howlott ao lately a» 1824. and now in the posseasion of 
Mr. BeUinghaiii of Brightoii, a incinber of our Society, it appears much more 
entire, and with the inscription ^^Sigilt* coJtirMvae ceclie ....... de Mailing" 

but little effaced. The only missing words are probably "Si. MichaelU^* 
St. Michnel bring the eiiint to whom the college wns dtilicnted, and whose 
figure, with uplifted band3> ia douhllesa intended to be represented on it. 
It 18 much to be regretted, that for wniit of proper care in the custody of our 
ancieut records and documents, ao great u mutilation of im uiterestiDg seal, 
ai 19 here exemplified, ahoidd have been fiuffered to tako place in the i " 
Hpact of thirty years. 

Maresfit^id. Edwakd TtTRKEB. 



NOTES \ND QUERIESh 



271 



9. Lineage of John Seffiev. 

Cnrlwright (Rape qf Brambtr^ p. 5) gives the following Rcccnni of this, 
perhaps lh« gteateat of the *' worttiiefl'* of Soasei, and of his family: — ^'Thia 
emiocut man was bom December 16, 1534. The register of Tarring thus 
rE«jrda hia baptism : — ' 15S4, John, the sonoc of John Seldeu, the minstrell, 
wns bnptifltd tue si daj of Deo!mber_' His fnthor, us we leam from Aubrey 
(LetteT^^ voL ii, p. 530), waa a jeomaiJy man of about £40 a year, wlio 
played well on the violin, in which he took much delight, and by eicrcising 
of wlijdi, says Antony a Wood» he obtained Iiia wife Margaret, who was a 
woman of goo<l family, being the daughter of T. Bakar of Weat Preaton, in 
Eustiugton, of tho knightly family of that name in Kent. John 3elden the 
elder, and Margaret hia wife, were both hurie<l ot Tarring, the former Feb, 1, 
leie, and the latter Oct. 11, 1610. He died Nov, 3D, 165-1, possessed of 
property worth £tO,ftOD^ which be bequeathed to Uia executors, leaving only 
£100 to eai^h of hia nephews and nieces, ' telling liia intimate friends thnt he 
}iad nobody to m&kc hia heir but a milk mayd> and that such people did uot 
know whot to do with a great estate/ The name of Selden, though formerly 
in this [Tarring] uid the neighbouring parishes, id preamne^L to be extinct, 
Hia repr*?*ipntativaa, if any, aro the representativea of hia only sister Mary, 
who married John Barnard of Goring, by whom she bad Iwo sous, John and 
Thomas, and four daughters — Mary, wite of Roljert Douglas of Oaring; 
Saruh, wife of J. Chapman of Ifield; Joan, wife of Edward Mansfield of 
Ham, near Lewos; and Susan, mnrriftl to John Bode of Wiaton, The arma 
which he adopted nre on a fcsa between three swans' heada erased and gorged, 
three cinquefoils with the colours sable and or, altered from those of the 
Bakera of Sisainghurat in Kent, hia mother's family.'* 

No attempt ia Uere made to trace the origin of the name and family of 
Seldnn. The oecurrenee of the came elsewhere than in Tarring and the 
neighbourhood, or at an early period, or ns that of a locality ia Snssei, is not 
inquired loto. Had Mr. Cartwright however uoticed in the Burrell MSS- 
tlio flxtracts from tho register of Alcistoa in East Sueatx, where tho name of 
Sdtf^n ia nlso s]KiIt "Sellcn" and "Selden," he would probably in his 
account have meationed the eircumslanee, and perhaps have inspected the 
wills of persons so styled, and cinmined parish registers to ascertain if the 
aQccatry of John Scldtn were not identical with that of the ancient family of 
Selwyn of Friaton. But what he has left undone mny lie nf*eonipliBhod hy 
snmc Sussex genealogist of the present day, and, it would seem, with con- 
sidernblp ehnnct^s of a successful result. As a further guide to such an in* 
vcstigation, it may Ik bcrc reroarked, that in the register of Burwash the 
naioes of Sellyn aiid St?ld*!U occur, a« also that of Baker, and in the ceigh^ 
Louring parish of Sulehurst the narae nf Sclwin. In Berry's Kent Qtnealogm 
the conneclioa of the Bakers of Bustington with those of Sigsingburat is not 
noticed. 

Tho family of Selwyn {the origin of wliicb liaa hitherto been unknown) waa 
a branch of the great Yorkshire family of Salva^ne, whose first recorded 
ancestor waa " Riehard " de Cukenai, meationed in Domesday as a tenant of 
conaifleruble manors in Notla aud Yorkshire, and who waa son of Jocelyn the 
Tleming, who coinc in with the Couqueror. Tlic iinns of Selwyn arc o<'arly 
the same as those of Dawuay, a Yorkshire family, and were pmbably assumed 
by the Selwyna oa the marriage of a heiress of the Dawnaya. 



272 



NOTES AND ClUERlES, 



i%\ in 



The oplehnvt^il wit Goorge Selwiu, nnil Iho preaoul Bishop of 

ZcaEmi<]) nre dce^^cuded from q braacn of the Suawx Block which aoUtoil in 

Gloiiceatefsliire. 

Eurstpt^rpoinL W, 3. SllI 

10, CU»/om of Borough EngJuh. 

In the account of the customs of Borougli English, vol. VI, p. 170, 
niecwa9 made to the hmh\jft^^f Merchda wuli?rnm,'\\j\Y\n^ been establishdl 
in the Honour of Cluu, Itelongiiig lo the Earls of Ajoin Jclj and irgret was v\' 
pressed that tfce charier auppoaed to prove this wna not nr-rt^sible. Uanng 
now obiained a copy of the charh^r by the kindness of Mr. Salt, who h^ 
diflCDvered it Among the muniments of the Earl of Powys, I ran now state 
that the peculiar rights of ihc Lords of CIuHi which were released by \ht 
E&rl of Arundel in 1S5C-7, were only a monoy paymout on the nijuriogv of 
the teuant^s daugLter, or a fine or mulct imposed on those who should nobte 
the chastity of the Lord's Nief, and in that respect only could it bo eallod 
premium virginifatis. It wus similar lo the Anglo-Saxon Zeir in"e#4 and, Af 
rcspfjcta the fitio on raarriag^!, confounded with the MfrcAefa tnnJt^rvm. 'V\xf 
Earlof Arundcra clcfd therefore nfforda no evidence of ihc eustom haTiu" 
been anything other than a money payment; and I was anxious to sec it, :it ii 
is cited in some of the law hooks as an authority for the dEfijiition of Amahjr. 
The wofd in this Arundel Cbnrlr^r, which has caused flomc discussion, is, 
I presnme^ " Chcvngp/' whifh Rlouut or hia editor Bf^kwitli (rHs us wm i 
sort of poll money paid by the tenants to the lord in England, aomelinrcs 
eallcd, 1 beUevo, ''"Head Bilver," 

Annual 14, 1365. Oeoror 1L. Gobtcek, F.3JL 



11. Pillar Piscina at East Hotkbj Church. 

In October ISfiBj the wortmen, in pnlliug down the ehancel of Eul 
Hotldy Church (then luidcrgoiag rc-ercction), d»- 
corered, in the ihiekness of the fonudalion wall, 
whcro it had bcon ihiown in o^ mtrc mntcriij, the 
singular piUar-pisctQa, dehneated in the anooni* 
panyinj cut. The thme picws of which it is 
composed — capital, ahan.» imd hase^ — were du' 
located, though uninjured- It mciiaurrA ulioni 
3 feet in height, nnd tlip Ijasin ia 10 inches 
across. The shnft ie curiously moulded in the 
Kig-zag fashion, and, us well ns the cnpilal, 
eihibila uni|Qestioanbly Norma n work, Thr 
capital, or more proporjy speuking the basin, 
reficmblcft in general appearftuce the one dia- 
coTcred b^ me in 1 352, at Pevcnaey Caath-, and 
figured in vol. VI of Statiex ATcf*. CoUfctiont, 
pngo 990. The bnain and btvao arc square ^ iKc 
pillar hexagonal and perforated in ita length; tlu; 
aide formerly attached lo the wall being without 
ornament. Tlic stonework of three dimmutive 
yonnau windows, similarly thrown in na nibl 
WAD nlso hronglit to light at the sajne ttnte. 

Tho chnreh just now destroycj;! exhibited no 
traces of early arckitecturc. It wus probably 



i 




live 

no I 



NOTEB AND QUERIES. 



273 



built in the fifWnth century ; but from the indicut now discovered, it must 
have occupied the site of a Norman edifice. Tlie Eev> E. Lani^il:Je, the 
Bcctor^ busdouQ [iralsuvrortliy Hcrvii^ iii umaiiig tLia uL>Ji:et to tie pLTiuaBeatly 
fixed in the new chancel, whera, although no loD^r useful for ita origizuj 
porpOBC, it will remain, a piecing monuraeut of other days, and a tungibie 
proof of the early existence of a diiirch, respecting which there ia perhaps no 
other record. 

M&BE Ahtdny Lowu, 



12. AncierU Mouth qfthe On^e. 

Can any membcT of the Sodcty, or reader of tbe Smmc^ Arch, QjUediona^ 
oblige by inrorming tbe undersigned, who haA poaac&aioo of an old uiP 
ahoning tliA mouth of the harbour at tbe cliif-end, and vessels lyioo; in the 
Ouac in frout of tbe town at Seaford, as it formerly eusledP Bucb a map 
was seeu in tbe aetghbourhood only a few ye&ra since. 

Sea/ord. HXKEY SlUlfOHS. 

13. Chapel of SL Peter de Veteri Ponte, 

Tho ntnstion of thin eitinet chapel I was unable to point cut when 1 pro- 
pared for the Meeting of our Society at Hastings an nccount of the nncicnt 
bridge discovered at Bromber in the year 1830, with which it was connected, 
and from which il derived ita designatien of St. Peter's dc Vcteri Ponte, or 
Tipont. (See Jrckaol. CoUectkns, vol. II, p. 75). An eiaminatioa however 
of Ike deeds of the Priory of fiele, to whieu the church belonged, ouil which 
are among the reeorda in the Tower of Magdakn College, made during a re- 
eidence at Ojtford, througli the kind permieaion of its late venerable president, 
baa Binoo enabled me dDorty lo eaiabbah ita locality in Aunington, and to 
identify it with the ruins of li church which, if nt thia time no longer visible, 
were so witliin the memory of peraous now living iu its neighbourhood. The 
deed ahowing this is called *' a deuiyae of the Kectorie of St^ Feter't de Fekri 
FotUe^'* which ia stated to be "in FiU<i tk ATtnington et Buthipk^ juxta 
£remi^" by the Prior of Sele to William BisLop, Capellnrius, and Robert 
Dallyng^ Armiger, for a term of ajsty years, **pro grano piperi^t si petatur." 
Under one of tbe coveiumts of thia ffcmiao, the parties to whom it woa made 
wore boimd to keep tbe fiTsnmGS m KpdiCr *' cum Uramine trt c&nimto" It 
is dated August lat, 9th Edward IV. (1469.) 

On the south aide of tbe present Bramber bridge is a honae cridently of 
great antiquity, a lease of which I also found among the samp, Sele doou* 
meuUigrautcu to Fraucis Shirley of West Griostead, in which it is called "the 
CbappcU lloufie," no doubt from its eonnuction with the cliaptil of St. Mary, 
which stowl on the ancieut bridge. 

MaresJUld. Bet. Epwa&d Iuiineb^ 

14. Subsidy RoU of the Rape of Lewes, a,d, 1295. (Vol. II, p. 293.) 

"VillatadeNytLmbreHokkyng" This ia doubtless an error ; hx Bokkyng^ 
aa tnde«d it is so spelt in tbe neit column, of which Bolting is probably the 
modern form, beings as is well knownj the nume of a wide-»prcad race of 

viiL 35 



274 



iK/rm AND <)U£SI£S. 



8uasex yeomaoryi sc muuli bo tbat aJl the javdin-mm of a modem sheriff 
were BotUngs. Presently, p. S95, occurs tlie "villfltn do Bokkyn|^," wtioh 
b nowliere no^ to be round, not even, like many decnyed villages and hamku, 
as a fiirm-liouse. The hunJred of BuUiLighilT was no doubt umwd frcun ■ 
place so caUed, vhlok inde^^d was at SlonepoiiDd Gate, near the Hassock 
■totioa of tlic rajlwny, ivbcrc the Hundred -pound still cxiata, Burgcas Hiil, 
about two miles distant, wbicti tweuty years ago wa^ without b lioase near it, 
scrms destined to rival the doubtless ijnportant Saxon vill of Bokltyng Hill. 
In the Hundred Eolla^ though under its title it is apekt EuttynghiU^ yet else- 
where in the same record it is inciilcutally spelt " BooLingLill." 

JFyltcumhe, p. 293. John Boin^y of Boltiey, tev^. Edward IH, fmunfid 
Margaret, daughter of Kicholaa Wylcomb, Esq. 

BordallyD. 292. Thi» name is eouimoa iu other counties besides Suaicz. 
The Suiou Bore (a hil]) hus given name to fiimiUeSn In Keut, from lie time 
of Henry III, a family nimed de Bore or altc Bore, of Bore Placr, in 
Ghiddingalone, flourished for several generations. AVdliam atte Bore occun 
at an early puriod as a witness in the register of Lcwcs Triory, Thomai 
atte Boure was M-P. for Horahnin A.ii. 1320. It eventually toolc the fora 
of Bourer or Borer (juat oa at-Fenn bocomi? Fenner, and at-Grove, Grovcr), 
and ia to he found under that orthography ct an early period in West Sussei, 
from whence came the facnily of the late William Borrer, High Sheriff of 
Sussex. 

Villata de Bofghemafii p. 202, ia now Bormer, t. form near Falmer. 

IfodichmHt.jD. SQfin Lodie, Hodachrove. 

\illflta de Hurst, Bob. atte Emlk, p. S99. '' Knowl*a" tooth in Ilur*!- 
perpoint is ou an eminence. There \% also e farm called "Tot," Ihat stands 
on the declivity of a hill. " Will de EtlJcsley" (^t. 2BB), alias EJgerl^, gaw« 
name to farms called Great and Little Edgerley, the property of C. S. 
HnnniiigtoD, Escl 

Hundreda de WynedehamCj atte Godiie^le^ p, 300, the ondent form <rf 
Coetcdell, a fjimily whicli lived at Combe House mBulney, uad bore annSi 

Vilkta de Locfeld, p. 305. In an old taKntion ol the hundred of Street, 
whicih ia aaid to contain *' twelve burrowes" or patishee, Losfeld pays "ml 
ex consuctudincH" (Bun. MSS,) It was probably a place at an early period 
of some importance, as it seema lo have given its pjude to the hundreds of 
Lo3ificld-Doraet and Loxfield- Baker, but the name ia not to h<i found m nnj 
map. The family of Luxford of Westmeslon probahly took iU name from 
this now eittinct locality, 

Adam Pe Dobei^ p. 3Q&j in thia diitrict, waa evidently a progenitor of thf 
Dobcllfl. 

Tillata de T^nri^eld tt Burle, p. 306. There were once the hundreda of 
Lynd field- Arches and Burleigh- Arches. "Burle" is now a farm-house in 
Worth, near Crawley Down. Suggers is probably t!ie modem form of 
Ih Srt^^ertvrlh, p. 506, 

It is remarkable that the names of Smith, Wood, Thorp, kc., do &ot owai 



in this roU. 
Huntpierpomt. 



W, S. Etus. 



KOTES AND ^UEEIES. 



275 



15. Famify qfLintott, 

TTio ready Idu^esa with wliicU Mr. LintoLt of Horslaam granted tte use 
of lyiB warehousea for the dinner of the Siibspx AirKwologicnl Society in July 
hat, reminded several of tLe membera tliat his family name vm no uiiim- 
portant one in cotnectiou with Horsham and the conniy of Susses. Though 
not prepareJ tn go into full geneoJogical detaiJs, I hope the foUowing aolca 
will he acceptable. 

I am not a^tarc of thi? nutiquity of the family in Eogland, but it has always 
appeared to me probable that i( is of Norman ongia. Liatot is at present a 
vUla^ of 309 inhabitants ia the airondisaemeiLt of Dieppe, and a few miles 
S.S.W. of that town. There is aiao another Tillage of luntot in the arroa- 
fliflspment of Havre, 

A branch of the Ijntotte was connected vnih the parifth of Bobey in the 
seveatecntli centmy, when the daughter of MFh Henry Lintott married suc- 
cessively Capt. Bdw. Goringt and William Scrasc, Esq, See page 10 of this 
volume. On Nov. 29, 1723, John Anstia, Garter, and Sir John Vanbnigb, 
Clarencieux, Kinga of ArmSj granted to Thomas Liutott the fullowing Arttar 
"Sable, a Gate argent i on a Chief of the second three Falcons proper, 
Ijeaked, membt^red, and belled, or- Crest: a Falcon's head couped proper, 
Ijpated nr; gorged with a eollar erminois, between two wings diaplayprf and 
elevated argent, gutt^ azure.'* At the date of the grant Mr, Lintott retiided 
at Walburst in Cowfold, from whence he removrd lo the seat of Ockendean 
ia the same pariah. John Lintott, Esq,, his son, also ofCowfold, married 
the heirefls of John Dennett, Esq,, of Boluey Place, and ao acquired ihut 
estate. He left an only son, John Henry Llnlolt, Esq., who dying in 1804 
without issue or any collateral relations, left his preperty lo the Lepimrd 
family, the kindred of his wife, who still possess the original grant of urms. 
Thia gentleman was pmked high ahcriff of tLc county, hut declined scrvin;^ 
on account of ill liealth nnd nervous timidity. 

£etw{^en th<!se persons aad the Ltntutts of Horsham I cannot discover the 
connection which undoubtedly existed. The latter were for a long period 
iJcntiJied with the literaturt^ of the country as eminent puhlishcra in Loudon, 
A Joshua Lintot wn^i printer to the House of Common? 1708 to 111 0, His 
relative (probably a nephew) was the celehmted Bernard Lintott, who, in 
conjunction w'ith Tonsou and Taylor, held the esme office by appointment 
from the Hun. Spenct^r Coniplon, Speaker, in 171B, He waa bound appren- 
tice at Stationers Hail to Tho«. Lingard in 1090, as "Btirnahy, son of John 
Lintott, late of Horsham, Yeoman," On arriving at eminence as a publisher 
he changed his Christian name to Bernard, and dropped a "t" from his 
surname. Having acquired a decent competency, and added lohis patriniouy 
iu Sassci, he ^as deairoua of gentilitial diatinetiotiB, and applied lo Humphrey 
Wanley for asaistanee in tracing his pedigree. That cynical personage records 
the incident in his Diary thus: — "Toung Mr Linlol, the bookseller^ came 
inquii-ing afU-r Arms, who now, it seems, want to turn g^tlrf/Qiks. I could 
find none of their Dames." Perhaps It woa this aspiring diflpoaition which 
induced Pope to introduce him. with the epithet " lof^ Lintot," into the 

Mr. Linlot relinquished the cares of his business to his son, and, retiring to 
his native county wjia nominated high sheriff cf ^UAse^i in Kovcmbcr 1735, 
but died before taking odiee, Feb. 3» 1736^ at tlie ngc of si^tty-one. His son. 




276 



NOTES AND QUBEIES. 



Una 




Henry IiLntot of Londou, priater, and of Soalhwater iu Horaham, who im 
diately upon hia father'a death vaa appointed to the ahrievalty, married Elha- 
betbi daughter of Sir John Aubrey, Bart., by whom he had su onEy daug'btet, 
CnthLTine. Thia lady, who carried on a lucrative buaincaa aa a Liw-prioter, 
having srn hcT partner Richardson the novelist, married in 1768, Sir Henry 
Fletcher, Bart. She died in 1816, Several junior branchea of the male lina 
etill aubsiift. 

On Budg^n's map of Snssfr. whiph ia adorned with the aniu of 
Sussex ^ntry, are two coats of the Lintols ; one being that given above, aU' 
the other, that of the Horsham family, which appears to be — ''Aj^;ent, a Liou 
mnpatilf P^^J W^ fcsK, gules aad sable ;" but I wUl not vouch for T' 
coirectaeu of this bla^oti i and the dictionaries of arms do not give it, 

lI^aK A^rosT Lowkb, F,S,A- 

16, Bemerd lAniot, of Hortham. 

Baniiiby Bernard Linlol (for bo ho deacribea himself in hia will, and eo he 
u called tn at least oqc contemporary satire] vas bom in the ;ear 16TG, it is 
said at llorshiim in Susses.* We Ursl hear of hiin as a bookseller in the yeat 
ie»3, when his name U found on the imprints of Crowne's CaHgHla and 
VonLrugli'a Refapitt aa *' Bcniard Lintott, at the Cross Kvys iu St. Ktaxtin's 
Lane, near Ixing Acre." Bow long he remained in St. Mnrtiu's Ijine I am 
not aware, but I find thjit he had removed to Fleet Street at least as early na 
1707, in whicb year 1 find him nt tlie sign of " the Croaa Keya and Crown, 
nest Nando *a Coffee Houstjntfir Temple Bar." Ntuido'a was the first ho ma i 
in Fleet Sireet east of louer Ttmple Lane, ^^| 

His curly dealiag^ were with tlrumatic authors, with Farquhar and Cibbg^H 
FifUen pmitas was for some jears his usual price of a play. From tliia be 
advanced to fifty guineas, or rather fifty pounds — Ibe sum he pfdd lo Edmmid 
Smith for his PAavfra and SijtpolUns, and to Howe for hie Jane Short. He 

made other dramaiie stritks in point of price. For Kowc"s /and Shtftt ho 
gave £75. G*,, and for Gibber's Non-Juror^l^^^. 

Seeing the success of Tousou nilb his volume? of Poetical Ki^ceUanies; 
knoi^n aa Dr^don'a MUoelUnitt^ he in 171S published a volume oi"MU(vi' 
taneous Pormit. and TravslationJt, by several hands/^ in which appearetl the 
first sketch of " Tke Bape of (he Lock^'" with other poems, by Pope. Tlii* 
was Pope's first connection with Lintot, with whom liis dealings were after- 
words to become so iniportaut. The IHtceUany was afterwarda enlarged to 
two voiiinieH, ivns frequently reprinted, and was called by the publisher 
"Mr, Vo]ic'9 MUcelkn^r 

At the end of bis first MisceUtmjf ia s list of hia publications, with their 
prices, and occasioned remarks of bis own. What he in}s of au ^njtwr to 
Tr/rpp affords a sample of hia style : " N,B, It eoat the nsition near a million 
of money, besides tlie loss of a ministry, to silence Dr. SnchevercU for three 
years; Mr. Tmj^p in oae controversy, which will cost my reader but eight- 
pence, is silcnc^ed for ev*r." 

Some of hia best publiealiona may be briefly mentioned. Edmund Smilk'fl 
Poem cn the deatb of John Pbihps; Gay's Trtcia,- Fenton's Poems; Broome's 
Pocma; Christopher Pitt's Poems; Somcrvile'a Poems; Hiirle's Poems; 
Bennia's Remarks on Popt'i £uai/ on VriticUm; Urry'a £ditioDof Cbaucoi^ 



N0TE3 AND QUERIBB. 



277 



ntid \\ii most famous publication. Pope's 7hmtlatbn$ qf tJis lUaJ and 

Ufly addressed a copy of vetse* to him, "On a Miscellany ofPomi" and 
Pcjpe lias dL'scTibt^I a journty with |iim to Oiford iii a pruittd Ictlpr to Lord 
Burlington rtplete with humour, Lictot, in a MSAeiiet to the popt Rroonie, 
desonb^s it aa '*a merry ktter" He ia also mentioned by Swift in hia 
Map90ffff on Poetry, and in the verses on hie own death. Toung hoa intro- 
duced him into his Fourth Satire, 

In hia vd!, made 17th Peceniber 1730, ho desires to be hurii^d in the 
parish where lie dies, unless he should die in London, nnd then in the Temple 
Churchyard. Hia iimerul expeiisea were not to exceed £30. He liied 
Sd Februflry 1735-6.^ He was a large man, but no portrait of him exists, 

Xiotot Icfl on only 9aD, Henry, who cnnnot be said to have succeeded bim 
in bis busmcaSr though his name is found affixed to some of the reprints of 
his father's copyrigbla that were likely to be remunerative. He married in 
1730f Elizabetn Aubrey, second daughter of Sir John Aubrey of Borstal, 
Bucks, Bart., by vhom Lc had ui only child, Catherine, married to Sir Henry 
Flcteher of Aibley Park, in the wnunty of Surrey. I have not discovered 
when Henry Lintot died^ but his sole heiress, LaJy Fletcher, died in 1815, 
ngcil eigbty-fife years. She is buried in the cburcb of Walton-on-Thamcs, 
when; a muuuiimnl to bcr oud to ber husband is to be seen. 

Peter CLnKifJCHAii, F.S.A.. 

[ThcBB valuable notes on a character of so much literary celebrity, kindly 
written by Mr. P. Cuniiinghnra for the nee of the Soeit^ty, have been for- 
warded by Mr. W, Purraut Cooper, et whose request they were prepared.] 

' In the hArdlj-Fougbt eteotion contest fcr Suaacx in May, ITOG, vhmi Sir 'Gearj 
PoftL^iej, a WoaUr'm min, uiil JoKn Uorbj Trtwor of Gljndo in the Eoat, bolh por- 
0onal attd politii^ rriendfi of Lord Halifai, stood oppoeird bj tht Hon. IfL'nrT Lumley, 
« Westtrn, And Sir George Porker^ nn Kaitfrii uum, the two Kojstem cindidalfli wero 
fktcttd. On (his ooctfiiou John Lintott, vhom I title (o ba fhi- falher of lhi< book- 
edlor, Toled w & freeholder in Bolney for thf< Buceeeeful candnJatiip, Henry Linlott 
\oioiJ u frwjhulJcr in Twiroliam, and ThoniB§ Linkilt, geal-, and another John Lintoll, 
for Cowfold — M3- Poll Book, porefl W. D. C 

^ ScATchPS in ihia Homhiun, Covfold, and Bolm^ Ilogial^rt, by the Iter. J- F. 
HodgHn, the Teiierable Are^ideocan Otter, and Ihu Ber. J. Dale, and by myself at 
the Tomple Cliurch, X^otidca, Iiatb laiL?d to Und an entry of the buriKl-— W, D. O. 






17- Roman Coins at Storrington. 



On the !3d of September 1355, a lar^ number of Komnn coma was found 
in the parish of Storrington. Ilavlng visited the spot a short time since, I 
foruard the following uute of them, more detailed parliculurs iKiug reserved 
for n future uccofiiou. 

At the northern point of Buck or Bog Common, in the pariah of Storrington, 
an nged widow named Sheplierd has a soiall property, called Bedford, couaist- 
inf^ of a few acres of land with two cottages, in one of whicti she resides. At 
the back of this, towards the Qorth-coat, and within a very fc^r yards of the 
building, is a email sjiring, or> as it is [ocdly culled, a "dippi/tff-koie," &nd this 
hnvbg, from the dryness of the season, required cleaoing out and deepeuing, it 



278 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



was during this operation that a portion of the earth on the south side, about 
Ihiat or fuui feet above the surface of the waterj fell away, and a hiiulII, t^d, 
and much decayed elra-tree waa throivn down. In tlie earth tbus loosened % 
Inr^ number of Roman coins were found, Mrs^ Shepherd informed me that 
there were eighteen hundred : she bos still a few. With the exception of a very 
few, thej are all &mail brass of the Lower Empire, and I understand there aie 
about thirteeu typca. Thi^ bulk of these coJns wct^ forwarded for cxaminatiori ta 
thcBriliah Museum, hut have been nstiinied, and are now in the hands of the 
Ref. Mr, Beck, the curate of Pulborough, from which place Mrs, Shepherd's 
house is aboul two miles distant in a south -easterly dircctionj and consequently 
the some distauce from the Boman rood from Rcgaum (CHicnESTfia) to 
Loudinium (London), 
Iflwi, Jaauary^ 1SS5. WiLLiAM TiGG, F.S.A, 



IS. Household Books. 



Hie Boot of Orders and Rules of Anthony Viaoount Montage in 1595, 
which was published in our seventh volume, edited by Sir Sibbdd Scott, wiL, 
we doubt not» be in the rcL-ollectian of mosl of our r^ers. Those who nay 
be desirouB of Cilendiug- tbelr accjuaintanc* with the domestic arraagemeotA 
of a nobleman at that period, may refer with adv&ntatce to another book of i 
Bimilar kind eompUod in 1605-6, which was comuiunicated to the Society of 
Antiquaries by Sir Joseph Banks in 1 80O, and is published in the thirteenth 
volume of the j4rchiToiojia, pp. 315-383, It is entitled "^ Breoial^ totn^img 
(he Order and Govemmente qf a NobleitunCa kouKt leUk the Officer*, tktirt 
places and cktriiget as particularly apearethe.*' On e comparison of the two 
books they oill be found to eiplain each other in many particular. The 
latler lh less copious on the aubjoct of the ofiicera' duties, but it coatoiaa an 
ample list of gross provisional fowl, nnd fish in sensoTi, with a dielaiy for 
dinner and supper every month throughout the year, and also directions for 
the eidture and mauagcmenL of the demesnes. 

W^ 3. WALPoau, F.3,A. 



I 



N0T£8 AKD <tU£BIE8. 279 

NoTB. — In GODsequence of the interest attached to the 
Catalogue of the MuBeum temporarily collected at Chichester 
in 1863, the Committee have been anxious not to delay its 
publication, as promised to the Members of the Sussex 
Aiclueological Society, and have included it in the present 
volume. For this purpose several communications have been 
necessarily postponed :-*— 

An account of aome Roman remains discovered on the 
DovniB in 1828, by John Britton, Esq. 

Episcopal Injunction to Boxgrove Priory in 1518, by Rev. 
W. Tomer. 

Episcopal Visitations of Eaaebome Priory, by W. H. 
Blaauv, Esq. 

Notices of the iamily of Miller of Burghill and Winking- 
hurst, by M, A. Lower, Esq, 

The Free Chapel of Maresfield, and Dudeney Chapel (re- 
ferred to at p. 33 of thU volume), by Bev. E. Turner. 



CATALOGUE OF ANTIQUITIES 

BXHIBTTEU IH THE UUSELM FOKMED DUEING THE AKSPAL 

MEETUSa OF THE ARCIL«0L001CAL raSTITFTE, 

HELD AT CHICIIBSTEH, IN JULY. 18 5 8. 



AniU/uitles br&ught from Foreign Countries, cmiprising Ancient 
0/fJtcU, Egyptian, Greek, and Hoinati, not nonHtcltd imik 
Britain. 



ft 



Two Chests or Arks of aycamore wood, fouud in tombs at Thebes, 
in l^gypt. The more aiicietit of these objects appeorfi, by t}ie biero- 
glyphics painted on one aide, to have been made^ in the reig^u of 
Anieuophia I, who died b,c. 1550; it is consequently of a period 
nearly sixty yenra earbei' than that to which the ark of the cove- 
nant made by Bezalecl (l^^xodns 3:xxvii] is assigned (b.c, I^IDI). 
It was UJded to contain images of the Egyptian deities and other 
sacred objects. The hicrc^Iyphirs, painted in a light-blue colour, 
relate that this ark was dedicated by a priestess of Ammou and 

Amenophis, the judf^e of Tbebes, to the ^'odclcas Nepthye, 

Osiris, and Ifila. The second ark is of inferior iutereat: it is of 
smaUer dimensions, pauited blacky the hieroglyphics on one side 
beiug in yellow: they record a dedication to Osiria, lord of the 
region of the dead. Tlic date of this ark is uuccrtnin, oa no royal 
name appears on it ; it ia however not less ancient than eix hundred 
years l^fore the Christiun era, and it may be of as remote a period 
as B.C. 1300, being that to which moi^t of the tombs near the place 
where it was found, are to he aflsigucd. On a wall of the temple of 
Medinet Abn, nt Thebes, there is a representation of a proeeaaion 
in which an ark of this kind ia carried on two poles, in like manner 
as the ark of the covenant described in th» lx>ok of Eitodus,^ 

Two tablets of the dark red granite of Momit Sinai, on which 
inscribed the Ten CommandmentB, the first four on one of them. 



' See Am{>r(i full ni-durmt of rh»P ra- 
ZDArkablo re1iquefl| in tbe addreaa di^livered 
bj tlw Hon. Bobert Cunan at tlB Cbi' 
, VIII, 



36 



282 



ARCH^OLOGICAL INSTITUTE 



i 



an(1 six on the other tablet* The writiDg is od both sides of 
tablets, in accordance with the description given in Cxodiis 
15, ami is in the ancient Samaritan character. The tablets are an- 
cient, hut the writing is not considered to be oF anj" great antiquity. 
Tliey measure aboxit tivelve inches in height, and are rounded at t 
top Hke certain tablets fonnd in Egypt,^ 

A rod or walking'Staff, cut from the tree growing in the gardi 
of the monastery of St- Cathenae, at the foot of Mount Sinai, and 
which, according to the legend, grew from the rod with which 
Moses smote the Red Sea to prr-parc a passage for the children of 
Israel, and afterwanls smote the rock in the desert of Zin. (Nam- 
bera xx, II.) The tree is a Jarge shrub resembling the lilac, mih 
a golden coloured bark. The species to ^hich it belongs has not 
been ascertained. 

An alabaster vase for ointment, with a cover, found in a tomh in 
Epyjjt, a[id still containing the iitiguent deposited in it. This is 
an example of the small ungnentary vases anciently made at Ala> 
bastron, in Upper Egypt, mostly of the material there found and 
which thence received the name of alabaster- It is interesting as 
an illastration of the passage in the Gospels rej^arding the "ala- 
baster box of very precious ointment" with which Mary anointctl 
the feet of our Lord. (Matt, xxvi, 7 ; Mark xir, 3 ; John lii, 3.) 
The date of this vase has been assigned to the fii'st century ex.* 

A silver horn, worn by the females of note amongst the Drnsei 
on Mouat Lebanon j it is the distinctive mark of the married state, 
Tlie veil^ or covercluef, is thrown over it. To this faahiou it has 
been fluppoBcd tliat certain poaaagee of the Prophets aud Psalms J 
refer, in which allusion is made to the horn being exalted, H 

Three early Chrietian reliquca from the Catacombs at Rome, " 
comprising a fragment of cue of tLc large tiles with -which the 
bodies are there closed up : it bears a circular imprcsaed mark 
with the Christian monogram formed of the Greek 
letters X and P conabined, around which is the name 
cLAvniAKA, supposed to be the name of the 1tdjf^| 
there iuterred. about the second or third centnry of i 
the Christian era. Similar impressed tiles are pre- i 
served in the Museum of Christian Antiquities in the A'aticaa, — A.H 
bronze lamp with the cross on the handle, and a terra-eotta lamp " 
beariug the Christian symlx)! of a fish, in low relief on the upper 




mr&IUM AT 



£SS 




&ide. (Compare i Ump gri«o bj Ana^^ Bl^ ^ ! 
Otv, 6'Arw/. lib. i, p. &4 ; bb- a, p. 601) 

A Greek helmet of rcf^ pr^xAd fin, m ^ Ml 
Dal fa^eniiig hy two hootft, a |ftir e£ \^ 
the vhole of hronie, from the Tcna £ 
Naples. 

A volume of fragmento of carij MS8-, i 
a MS. found in a tomb at Alexaadni, 
A.D. 815. It waa STippoeed to be the toob of 
MS.tobetheGo^pelwrittOLbjrhkovBlMBi. T^MS. 
emts, the facsimile tberdove pnanf ■ wUttiomd lalcnA 
The Hon. RiAtrt Cmriom, Jm. ; Jrom hg 
ol PtHmm Pm±, Smm^. 

Roman fictile IwBps^ImM^ fima Italy: o«0 Wv* tbr pottcv^a 
mark— CLABivs; one, of red we, fciuDil near Bmb, i» vlv^ai c; 
also a Ten' dimi&Qtive Etniccaa rae ; pcriiaM of mmAc fsiVMiat; 
a model, in pepmno, of tbe Tomb of tbe Srififli; laJ » aoid «f 
the city of Jerufialem,— 3/r. H. if\ Fredamd- 

Modcl of a fiepulchrai charabcr d i acgr t wJ a Magas OnBdii^ 
showing the arran^mcut of tbe i 
appUaoccft around the corpoc. — Sy-J. C Ciarke-Jrrw4tt, Bofi, 

A bronze Greek helmet, a bronze greave, asd two 
brought &om Greece. Tbe helm^ \^m the naaal, and IJm aite «M 
formed so afi to protect the ekeeks ; tbe margia U eflafaonCjHf 
ornamented t it re«emb)e« one from Pampdi in ilia Ooodfidi CcMM 
Armory. (Skel ton's //^^/r. vol. i, pi, 4i.) A br-jftsaflatatfl^ fvyv*- 
aenting Mercury seated on a rock- It formed part tA %u imf/;rtAai 
discovery of antiqoe workaof art at Paramythia m Kpfma, f^ wbJdi 
great part came into Pajnc KuJjflit** collection, of^ in ilia BrHM 
Museum, Engraved by the Dilettaoti Society, *oi. ii, p(. W. TTmi 
rock which forms the base is a rcatoratkon b/ Klaainau.— Af^ /. 
Htyvjood HawkinSy Bigni/r Park. 

A gold plate, found amongst tlift rtiirui of ('nttrritw, lw^«f#f• 
Alexandria and Rosctta, aad bt-ariug a Greek inMrriirtM^ii vbidi 
records the dedication of a temple to Oiria by PtoUwiy KOfTtfalWv 
(247-222 Bx) The in»cripti^*ri tiaa been thiia «i^iia«l t— Kin* 
Ptolemy (sou) of Ptolemy and Aniinoe,ileifl«llircl1irCTi,»f»dOil«« 
Berenite, the sisttir and wife of him, (ilcditalt) tbi»t«»ipl'^ t^'OitrK 
Thia inscription was dcpoailed bot« *jf viirii\M (*«/<, 

of opaque blue and griea colour ■• ''•""' '*♦" 



i 



284 



AUCB^OLOGLCAL INSTITCTE 



preserved, and were sent for examination. They are about a qua 
of an incli ill thickue!^, but the surfaces are not quite iinirora 
This valuable meinohal was sent by Mebemet AH, Governor of 
E^ypt, as a present to &ir Sidney Smith, and subsequently caaie 
into the possession of the late Earl of Guilford, It is now preserved 
at Sheffield Place, Susj«;x.— 77^' Enrl of Sheffiekl. m 

An inscribed tablet of wbite marble, a Climtiau memorial ftu^^ 
an interment in tlie Catacombs of San Lorenzo, at Rome. — Mf. tf\ 
J. Bcrnhard Smith. 

Circular bronze brooch, said to have been found in Fraoce, And 
rcprcacDting a figure cathrooed, holding a Victory j the whok 
evidently copied from a medalHoti of the Lower Empire^ eucU as 
that of PriBcuH Attains, a.i>. 400-il(i, engraved in Atenuau's Roptart j 
Coins, vol. ii, pL H, The inseription is blundered, hut evideetly^l 
intended to read — invitta roma VTBRii femx, Coidp and medal- " 
lions were often nioimtrd (cr use as omamenta, both during thi^ 
later times of the Empire, and by the Anglo- Saxons^ This brooch, 
probably a relique of the fifth century, is now in the British 
Museum, Figured iu ArchtBoloffia^ vol. xsxv, page 493. — Mr, A. W. ^ 
Franks. 

Early British Antifjuities, Roman Antiquities discovered in Sritaia,l 
Romatto-BrilM, and other Antiquities of the earlier Pericdt^ 



A celt of mottled flint, found in trenching ground near HorDdeoji, 
Haatfl. Len^h, eight inchcj^; greatest i^idth, about two inoheSn 
From its dimeuaioos it may have sen'ed as the head of a spear A 
quantity of conglomerate of smftll atones and irony matter, which 
apparently had undergone the action of fire, was found near it.— A 
bronze palstave with the side-loop, found at Retberfield Park, near 
Alton, Hants. — A Roman flanged roofing tile, found uear Uomdean 
in a field known by the name " Bosvil" ; it had been used for 0oor- 
in§;, OS occasionally found in Roman buikUtigs; the impresa of the 
fuui of a cut appeared iu severtil places on thiB tile, and on a frag- 
ment of another found at the same tiuic is the print of a dog's foot, 
— A amall Roman ulta of grey warC; found in gardcJi-grouiid at 
Rowland's Caatle, Hants ; imd iiincteen brass Imperial coins, thtctly 
of Conataus and Conatantius, part of a con silk roble numlx^ found 
in ploughing near the same place ; tbc coina were in au um^ which 
waa bri>ken- — Many Koman vestiges may be traced aruaud thut 



MC8EDM AT CUlCHESTEll. 1853. 



285 



ullage; and Ibe curious intrenched moiiiid known as "the Castle," 
now in great pai't destroyed m quarryioj; chulk, sbowe a stratum of 
black mould full of fragments of Koman pottery, Samian vessels, 
&c.— A'ir J, C. Clttrke-Jtrvoise, Bart. 

A large flint celt, found in dredging on the coast of Saa»es, 
towards the western parts of the county. Lengtli, nine inches; 
greatest width, three inches, — The Rez\ F. Leiceskr, Hoyting. 

A flint celt, found on Pyeccmibc Hill, Sussex ; another celt, de- 
acril>ed aa of granite, from Westmeston j and a flint celt, oae of eight 
found in 1803j deposited side by aide, on Clayton HilL Length 
nearly twelve inches. The largest of the eight measured thirteen 
iuehes. Auothcr from the camp on Wolsonl^ury Hill, Aloo a 
hroQzc palstave from the Devil's Djkcj and auulher irom Clayton; 
a socketed celt from DitchlJng, and a pair of brocze armlets found 
on Pyccombc Hill, of the peculiar looped form, reaembliug those 
found on HoUingbury Hill by Dr. Mautcll, another pair found in 
Sueaex by the Utc Mr. P. Dixon (Sustea? Arch. Coti. Vol. II, p. 265), 
and a pair, in possesaion of Mr, Crawball, Stagslmw Close House, 
N^orthumberland, fuund as auppoaed in the south of England, and 
exhibited in the MnscTim of the Institute at the Newcastle Meeting, 
1852. A singular little urn of the class described by Sir R. Colt 
Hoare as thuribles. The lower part is formed with diagonal slits all 
round, and the upper part and inner margin of the rim rudely orna- 
mented with impressed lines. Height, two incbea and a half; dia- 
meter, three iiiebcB and a quarter. In form Jt resembles the little 
vase found at Winterhourne [Ancient Wilta, pi. 13). It was found 
on Clayton Hill, and contained a pendant ornament of bright blue 
vitrified paste, almost identical with the porcelain of which nnmer- 





386 



AECH.^10 LOGICAL INBTITUTE 



ona Egyptian aiitiquitiea are formed. (See woodcuts, original si 
Two aimiJar objects were found with iutenneiitB on the Downs ntar 
Briglitou ; one of them is amongst Dr Maoteira collections, uowin 
tbe British Mii&eum, and is figured in Horsfield's Lewes, p. 44, pi. iiL 
A bronze disk of miknown use, in diameter nearly three iacbca. 
Found on Wolsoobiir}', or Wolatonbury, Hill, a commanding po>i* 
tion about eight miles north of Brighton^ witb an intrenched work 
and a tumulus on its sumroit/ A large perforated disk of FitUQc 
(diameter, four iitcbcs and a half ^ tbickueaa, nearly one Inch aud a 
half i diameter of perforation, one inch and three -eighth a), its iu4_ 
unknown, from the same place. A flat head of chj^y, or a sptndl&^| 
whirlj found near Pulborougli ; and a bronso spcar-hcod, froEQ ' 
Lewca Brooks. — Mrs. Weeks, Hurst Picrpotnt. 

Two bronze celts, one of them fiocketed, the other of lumetiil 




^^^^^yjHa^jjjr^j'*^^'' 



type, illufltratiug the trnofiition to the palstave, and engmved 
chevTOiiy lines. The sides also are curiously wrought and engraved. 
Length six iuc^hea and a quartcp. (See woodcuts.) Both found new 
Lewes. — SrV Hem-y S/iiff/ieVj Bart. 

Tlie moiety of an oval jierfornted object of stoup, of unknown uae. 
found in digging flints near Alcifiton, Sussex, in 1822. When per- 
fect it measured about three inches and a half by two inches and a 
quarter, and greatest thickness one inch and a <|uarler. — A gold 
armlet, with dilated ends, found on the beach near Eastbourne. 
It is of the same class as the gold armlets fouad therej under 
Beachy Head, in 180C, with brouze ecUs, part of a bronze sword, &c., 

* St*e b ptan of the farLEvu, oiid boLoe of Komui CoicH, ka^ found t1i«tv^ <?«■'. 
Mag. ToL 76, ii, p. 900. 



MOSKtM AT Cnirill-STKR. 1853. 



287 



f?Tigraved Arthffohgia, voh xvi, p. 3fi3- Tt clnscly resembles also 
those found near Palcham, Susses, witli urns and bones [Arc/ifpoL 
Journal, vol. vi, page 59, where one is figured), — The Hon. Mrs. 
T/iomtis. 

Tlie moieties of two moulds of brotizej found near Bangor, intended 
for caatinn; palstaves (fi^ired Arch. Joum. vol. vi, p> 386) ; a palstave 
found with them: they were in the Stowe collection. A bronze 
axe-hcad, found at Akclcy, Bucks ; socketed celts, found in Kent ; 
bronze celts and palstaves from Swaffliam and from a moor near 
Riclimond. — Tfie Hon. Richard Net'Uie. 

A flint celt, found in SusseSj and a celt of basalt, from Canada, 
iotcrestiug as an example for compnnson with stone reliques of the 
earlier periods found in Europe.— iJ^\ Tyacke, Chichester, 

Several eaily antiquities of stone and of bronze, found in Sussex, 
especially a stone pestle, supposed to have been used for pounding 
food ; it might have served as a elub, in dose conflict. Length 
eleven inches and a half, dinmcter two inches. It was Found in 1835, 
in digging gravel on Nutbournc Common, ui the pariah of Pnlbo- 
rough, Sussex, near certain tumuli aud supposed sitea of priraitivo 
habitationaj and it lay in the mould, about eighteen inches deep, 
above and distinct fi*om the grnvel. Objects of this kiud are ex- 
ceedingly rare; oae very aimilar to this was found on the west 
shore of Holyhead Island; another, of green-stone, found near 
Carlisle, length 16 inches, was in the posscs-%ion of the late Afr- C- 
Hodgson, of that place. A Bpear-head and a knife, both of flint, 
found at Pulborough, and presented witli tlic pestle by Mr. P. J. 
Martin, of that plaee. Portion of a large stone celt, a bronze sock- 
eted celt, &c. Several Roman urns and reUqiies found at various 
times at Chichester. The most remarkable of them ia a bottle of 
brown ware, with white ornaments in " slip " ; of the pottery made 
near Fordingbridge, in the New Forest. It ia figured in Journal 
Arch. Assoc, vol. iv, page 158. Compare Archfeo/opa, vol. xxxv, 
pL 3, fig, L Also several bronze celts, an armlet, and a Made- 
weapon, from Ireland. A smsU one-handled bowl formed of a 
material like steatite ; it was found upon the farm of iCiiu-ara, Inver- 
nenB-shire, in trenching at a spot whcix^, according to tradition, 
a battle took place, and there are many irregular cairas around the 
place. Diameter three inches and a half, height two inches and a 
half. A corded ornamentj rudely cut, nms thrice njuiid the bowl, 
Tliie curious object, found on the e«tate» of the Duke of Richmond. 



2 S3 



AUCR BIOLOGICAL INBTITITTE 



waa presented, with the Irish antiqiittiea, bj hU Grace to 
Chester Museum. A similar stone bowl hoe been founii la the ] 
of Man- (Sec other eiEmples of these so-ciiUed "Druidical patent," 
foimd in Scotlmul, Wilswu's Prehtsioric j4niinh, p. 148; /Vocerrt 
irtffn of the An/itjuaries of Scoilaadf vol, ij p, 115.} — Tyke ChicAttter 
PhUonophicat Society and Mechanic^ InsliMe. 

A liat oval implement af stouCj pierced to receive a bandit^ \ 
broken bead of amber- coloured plaasj spotted with opaque while; 
two broken bronze armlets (?) of tbe peculiar loo|x:d type, similar tn 
tboae found bj- Dr. Mautoll ou HoUingbuiy Hill, »e»r Brigfaictt 
[Arch. Journal, vol. v, p. 325], and by Mr, Dixon, in the same pwl 
of Sussex (figured in Sussfis Arck. Coll. Vol. II, p_ 205). A stmiltf 
pair of bronze objects, found on Pyecombe Hill, Susses, wa* eilii- 
bited ftlso in the Museum by Mrs. Weeks* (Noticed supmS} A 
maj^f^ive bronsie ar:iilct, and two liron^c fibulae. The whole of tlj(*f 
reliquea were found in Surrey, and were iu the possession of tbe late 
Mr Acabrose Glover, of ReiRate. The tibul© were found utWoldiuje' 
hara» and are figured in Manuicg and Bray's SuiTey, vol. ii, pi. it, 
—Mr. T. Hurt, Bm/ate. 

A collection of Roman reseela and reliquea found in a large se- 
pulcbrd ciat of stone at Weatergate, near Chicliester, in Fob. 1*^50. 
It was found on the lawn in front of the drawing-room windows x£ 
Mr. Shiffner'a residence. The cist, a^ also the cavity viihin, i< 
rectangTilan Tbe dimensions of the cist are thirty-acvcn inches bT 
thirty inches and a half; height, twenty inches; depth within, sk* 
tccii inches J the thickness of the aides, three inches and a quarter li 
is formed of a single block of sandstone, liroufclit, as supposed, from 
tbe neighbourhood of Pulljorough, Sussex. The lid measures nine 
irteliea in thickness. Witbiu this cist were found burnt hiinuui 
bonca in BCpulohral voacla ; nTimcrouB fragments of very trausp 
glass, possibly the remains of some largn^ vase or osHorinm ; an 
gucntary of gWe, height two inobes aiul three quarters; nn opf^ 
lanap of white ware, similar to those found in a like cist at Aviafo 
fra^Cmenta of lefither, probably remains of tbe shoes deposited, tt*l 
other insta.nces ; a broken spcculnm, apparently of aqoare form, < 
very banl and brittle ct^mpoimd metal ; numerous pieces of iron 
much decayed, and a piece of bronze, poaaibly the remmiift of sfmc 
small coffer; two remnrkahle bronze fibulw!, enriched with hritdti 
blue and yellow enamel ; a bronze ring and an iron ring, each about 
one inch diameter; a bronze conical perforated object, which may 



290 



ABCH.fiOLOGlCAL INSTITUTE 



liflTO served as a button ; and five email Hat lirops of blue glaas, 
probably used as fictitious gems, to Le mouutcd in oieta) scttuigH* 
Tlierc was alao a j^ortion of dark Imma-ii bair found attuclieii to d*o 
fipecalom. Around tlic cist were plac^, aruidflt Qoiae lai^c dintSr 
Bcveral jugs, ciipsj saucers^ patcne, Sec,, of Trhitiah ware, portly tingod 
with red, — eomc of which were perfect, but the surlacea decayed j 
also n large quantity of fragiuciits of pottery* Of the more perfect 
vessels, the lamp and glass bottle, representations are here gtren. 
These intereatiiig RrLti(juitie» were presented, at the close of the 
meeting at Chichester, to the British Museum,^ — Mr. Thottnu 
Shiffner. 

Twelve Roman anrei^ in fine preservation, found at Cakeham, 
near Chichester. They comprise coins of Coiiatanlius {four),Mag- 
Deutius, Julianua II, Vaicutiuian (five), and Magnus Maximus, who 
waB beheaded by order of Theodosius, a,d. 388. — Mrs. Gorham, 

Roman vessels of pottery and glass, with other reliques found in 
a aepulcliral stone cist of rectangular form, found, 181 7, at AWsfard 
Hill, near Arundel, Sussex. The cist measures three feet nine 
inches by two feet two inches; the height, one foot ten Inches, 
thickness of the sides, three inches and a half; depth of the cavity, 
twelve inches. In eacli comer at one end is a small rounded 
bracket, or projecting shelf, fonned in hollowing out the blocki 
which is of the lower green-sand formation of the aeighbourhood 
of Petworth, possibly from the Fittleworth quarries. The discovery 
occurred in filing hurdles for sheep, the crow-bar meetiug an 
obstacle at about six inches under the surface. This proved to be 
the lid of the cist, eight iachea thick. WitUhi was found a large 
square bottle of thick glass, twelve inches high, with one handle; 
it was filled with burnt boueSj and stood in the middle of a remark- 
able group of funereal vessels, of coarse light-red ware. These com- 
prisedj three small one-handled jugs ; twohasins like large brcAk&st 
cups, placed insaucere; six round dishes of coarse ware, and nine of 
smaller size; nine cups, of various sizes; two candlesticks with 
nozzles ; a round saucer with one handle, the margin engrailed all 
round whilst the clay was soft; in this was a smooth oval white 
pebble, like a pigeon's egg. In another saucer was a black round 
stone, of the size of a nutmeg; another contained an oy&ter-shell ; 

morUJar^ cluiDiber of brick, at RoughUD, 



I 

I 

I 



* 9eis moliier form of hho BPpiiltliral 
faiind ut Binstcjkd, UnrttF, ArcU. Jovrnal^ 

tol.ix, p. 12. A ftimilar deposit of urnB, 



I 



BulFolk (Gfl*r Miiij.iJ!, 100, &21), 



UUSBUM AT CHfCHBSTEa. 18B3. 



201 



an^ near it, in one of the dialiee, was a small two-hfltidled globular 
glass ampulla, precisely aimilar to one found at Worthing l>y the 
late Mr, P» Dixon, with a Koman iEtcnneut. In foiir of the smaller 
dishes were frugments of white calcined hone. On each of the 
brackets, in the angles^ was placed an open lamp of earthenware, 
like a wide shallow cream-jug; and at the opposite end of the cist 
were the soles of a pair of shoes, of small size, studded all over with 
hci agonal -headed brooae nails." Several of the objects here de- 
scribed are now lost : the large urn and nineteen specimens of the 
pottery were exhibited. Also a second atone cist, found at Avisford, 
much broken, and a jug of grey ware with one handle, full of burnt 
bones; the surface slightly ornamented with scored lines; height, 
eleven inches and a half. The whole of these Roman reliques were 
presented, at the close of the meetings to the Museum of the Chi- 
chester Philoflopliical Society and Mccliaiiica' Institute, — The Lady 
Eli£:abeth Rcynell , Avisford House ^ 

Roman pottery, found in East Street, Chichester, in digging the 
foundations for Mr. M&soa's honae j fra^mcotB of " Samian" ware, 
omboBscd with figures, and plain ? also portions of coarse Romaiio- 
Britisb ware, eomc of which are rudely ornamented in an unuBUnl 
manner with rows of round impressed markings between parallel 
bands. Roman tt^nsGlated pavement extends under great part of the 
adjacent churchyard and chnrch of St. Andrew, and also iu Mr. 
Mason's garden, at a depth of four or five feet. — Mr. W, Hnyley 
Mason. 

Roman pottery, portions of Samian and other wares, discovered 
in Chichester Cathedral, iu forming a vault, — Mr^ Joseph Butlirr^ 

Portion of a fine Samian bowl, with ornaments in low relief. 
Pound on the north side of Chichester ; it was formerly in the posaes- 
sionof Mr. King, the Chichester antiquary. Samian cup and patera, 
a jug of white ware, and other Roman pottery, found at Chichester. 
—Mr. R. Elliot. 



' An nccouiit odh'ih diKOXtrrj \a pren 
hy Dnllawmj-, Uuttofy ^ Sn^reiPt Tol. H, 
Eapi' of Apuniii'l,ttddilion%p.367H wiUi a 
pliile bjr Mr. Kirjg, showing Ihf arrangi?- 
tni'Dt Of Llifl miTHcroufl Dfaj4:<4«t« Kilhiu llio 
ciaL Anotber sepulthral dsl, with aimilar 
depuijl, nu Toandnt Donmgloii, auuex 
(DoUavdj, ToL i, adclitinmi to p. £4). A 
■tone ciflt, found At Soiitliileot, Keiil, in 

iSOSi coritaiiiDd Iwu irm?) nod two pair 
or hi^Jik omanictited aAiiilnli (ArcAira- 
loifia, vol.iii, ^. SS, pl.3fl). Tlio remaius 



of ahoM thioltly »rt with nails were found 

at WorlhiiL^^ bj Mr. DiioD, willi a Roman 
intt'mieot {Gfohffvof Sut^T, ji.Ah). The 
inU'ri^flUng ptnle by Ihe late liJr-l\ Einfl 
may by obToined Jrom Mr, Mufton, *t 
Cliichesti^r; and be ftupplJLM] nn etcbnig 
from hii origioal dnivriDg, gitcn in Air, 
Roidph Smtlh'A Caflfetama AntiquH, toI- i, 
p. 123. Mr. King tbsK ilativ UiM thcns 
Wds a lirackct ami Ijtmp U; ladi of tbo 
four angles flithiii thu cisi, but thJA 
appi^OTd to bo an error. 



£92 



ARCH^OLOQICAL IVSTITUTK 



A remarkable gald ring, found near the IU:iiaaQ villa at Bignor. 
Sussex ; it U csquisitely wrought willi cbaae^l work, fila^^rce, and 
globular ornaments. It is set with an intaglio, a figure of a war- 
rior holding a buckler before him, and apparentl)^ ascending a 
height. This is one of the finest ejamples of Roman art in the 
precious metals hitherto found in England. Figured in L7§oii^ 
Britannia Humana. — Mr. J. Heywood Hawktna, Bignar Park. 

Yases of thin glares, and sei-eral small fictile vessels of the Bomau 
period, found at Chilgrove, in the pariah of Wc*tdcaii, near Chj- 
chcater, ia 1845. The field whcrc they were disinterred was anblc 
land, long in cultiTation, and the reliqucft lay &X a depth o/ abont 
two feet. Several humaa skeletons were found, in good pn^ser^'ation, 
especially the skull of a young female, about fifteen years old, Bj 
her side lay a glass vesael^ two tinger-ringa, and three broaK 
armlets, (Figured Arch/vohi/ia, vol. ii\\\, plate ix.) Several otW 
armleta of metal were found. A portion of the upper part of a gljui 
vessel, with its flat base, waa found : the former has the surfiice 
reticulated with threads of glass attached to it ; the fonu seems to 
have been a toll tumbler; diameter of the rim, two inches and fivn- 
eightha; of the foot, one inch and three quarters* Also a bronjc 
palstave, and a bead of vitreous paste, found in Sussex. A memoir 
on the discoveries at Chilgrove has been given by the Rev> L. 
Vernon Harcourt in the Ardtccohgia, cited above. — Mr. W. Lvy* 
land Woods f Chilgrove* 

Bronze gpcar-hcadj id unusually tine preserration, and a ttfooie 
hlofle weapon, found about 1817 in draining at Sheet, a hamlet on 
the river Kothcr, near Fctersfield, Hants, and close to the bootuLa- 
riea of that county and Sussex. The blatie (leugth fifteen inches) 
is of a type comimratively rare in this country, although often found 
in Ireland, Stone moulds for casting weapons of this form have 
however been found in Devonshire, and arc figured in jircktroL 
Journat, vol. Lx, p. 185. — Mr. Stovefd, Sltdhotn f/at/, Midhxcrst* 

Two bronze hladea, found in 1819, in a borrow at Ahliiigiton, in 
the pariah of Fighi^ldean, WOts, with hoars' hisks, and small deer's 
horns, which show tmcee of having been cut by acme sharp took 
One of the hlades Tneaanrea seven inches and a half hy two inches 
and three-eighths, greatest width; the other is only three inches in 
length. In the same barrow were fouud sepulchral cista containing 
burut earth, a quantity of teeth of various animals, and other 
remains. Similar bronze blades found ia Wiltfehire, are giv^n hy 




MTJBEtiM AT CHICn£STER. 1853. 



SS3 



Sir R.C. lloare, Ane, fVills, vol i, plates xi, ixTiii, xxxiv. — Mr, 
Dyke Foare, 

A javelin-head of flmt, found near Swaffham, Norfolk j brouze 
celtsj a palstave of uneomnion form witlioiit aiiy stop-ridge, aiid a 
bronze apear, from Swairhami also numerous em^dl antiquities of 
bronze, buckles, broochts, pina, armletSj beads of glass, &c., found 
on the aaudy tract near Wangford and Lakcaheath, Suffolk. Ro- 
man coins and reliqucs are often found tbcrc. (See the account of 
that curious locality, jirch. Joumalj vol. x, page 353.} — The Rev, 
J. Grevillc Chester, 

A collection of stone celts of various siies and formsj javelin or 
lance beads of flinty and bronze palstaveu, all fouad iu Ireland. — 
The Lord Talbot tic Mulahide, 

A bronze bit for a bridle, found ia a bog in Ireland, and two of 
the singular bruuzc objects rcscnibling a large epur, eupjjoscd to 
bavc been attached to the beudatatl of a bridle. TLcy \rf!n! Jib- 
covered at Ralieen, county of Roscommon. These remarkable 
relicjuea have been found only in Ireland. (See one figured in 
Goiigh's edition of Camden's Britannia^ vol. iv, pKxv.} — The Hon- 
Mra. CampbelL 

Two arrow-heads of flint, found in Glen Avon, BanfTebire, and 
called "elf-bolts" by the Scottish peasantry, being regarded aa 
charms against elfin sprites and witchcraft. Tliey are formed 
with great skill and symmetry. One is an example of the simple 
primitive and It-af-shaped point- the other is barbed, and bas a 
tang between the barbs for insertion in the cleft shaft. (Of popular 
superstitions relating to these objects in North Britain, see Dr, 
Wilson's PrtftiMoric Annah of SvoUand, page 124, and Dalyell's 
Darker Superstitions of Scotland^ pp. 354, iJ58.) — The Duke of 
Richmtmd; who presented them to the InstUvte. 

Two stone wcaponsj found in Scotland, one of them a maul or 
aie-head of unusual and massive dimensions. It is perforated for 
a haft ; the length is ei^ht iueLe:^ and u half; greatest breadth, five 
inches and a half; greatest Lbi^ktiCbti, l^vo inchcH uud three- eighth a. 
(Sec woodcut.) This ponderous weapon, formed of a piece of 
stratified rock, ^aa foimd in one of the three trenches ivKich aur- 
round the top of the bill called " Cumming's Camp," at Earra, 
county of Aberdeen, and oAcn termed a Pictiah fortreBs. The other 
is a celt of more ordiuary form : one end biua a cutting edge, the 
other is aharply pointed. Length, nine inches. It was found in a 



294 



ARCH-EOLOGICAL I>9TITITE 



"Druidical circle' 
Kinff, 



in tlie same part of Scotknd.^T^ Rt:v. S. IT, 




AntiqiiiticB of various periorla, chiefly from the cTten&ive fbrtfetfil 
on Hamdcn Hill, near Tlche^tter, Somerset (area, 210 acres), com- 
prising an arrow-hrad of white quartz, found there about 1 820 [srt 
woodcut) — the form is umiBUal in England; a 
pointed implement of bone, supposed to haie 
been used as an arrow-head [compare Worwae, 
Copenhagen Museum, figa. 55, 58) ; two bov- 
shaped hronzc fibulte, of Roman character; a 
dimioutive Roman liroiize lamp; a bronze spear- 
head; three iron arrow or javelin heads; iron 
implements^ found with supposed portion* of a 
chariot, as tires of wheels, &c>, in 1840, and a 
bronze ornament^ which had jjossibly been at- 
tached to the harness or to Ihe chariot.^ TLey 
arc precisely similar to two found on Hamdea 
Hill, about 1823, with iron tires, fragments of chaiiots, &c., and 
figured in ArcfuEolot^ia, vol. xxii^ pi, vi, p, ■%\ ; where an account 
of that discovery ia givcu by Sir R.Colt HoarCj with a plan of the 
fortress. — A bronze paletave, with a loop at each side, siiuilar to oac 
found iu Ireland, and in Lord Talbot's collection (figured in ArxK 
Journal, vol, ii, p. 191) it was found In 1842, in a field ncftr Soath 
Petherton, Somerset ; and tliree hrouzc celts, found at Wigboroqgh, 
near the same plaeSj in 1830. A diminutive silver die, ia the fona 
of a man seated in a crouching attitude : the pi])^ l>eing marked oa 




' Mr. Nomfl pointed out tbat m Sir 
Q."WnkiiiRon'fl Antwnt Ki/yp(iai$t, toL i, 
Urat forice, pogo 31£, »□ object uf aunilar 



form appi^n, placed on Ihc Jivnen <mr 
ilte wilhi?ffl of tliP ImrBea, aud tuppoirtii^ 
ft boll. 



HU3EUM AT CHICBESTER. 1863. 



295 



the hear!, hart, and 



. other parts of the body. Thi 



vanom other parts of tne hody. This ciinous 
little object ig regarded as Itotnaii, similar dice Laving been founrl 
in a Roman tomb at Marseiliea. The place where it was found ia 
not however known, A similar die is in Lord Londeaborongh'a 
Museum, (See ^flnuU•s of Soc, of Antiquaries, voh ii, p. 18.) Also 
a specimen of pcnaiinular ring-money, iisetl at the present time as 
cuirency in the interior of Africa, and interesting for comparison 
with the objects of gold, of precisely similar formj often found in 
Ireland, and of which likewise examples have occurred in Sussex. 
It is a ring of iron, with dilated blunt ends, and of dimenaionB 
suited for an armlet. Iron epecimeiia are rare; this was brought 
from Cape Palmas, in 1851, hy a person who had it direct from a 
native merchant, who had recently arrived from the interior of 
Africa.^ — Mr. Henry Norrist 5c/i., South Petherton. 

Collectbu of rcliquea found in a "FictH* Houae," at Kettlehurn, 
county of CaithneaSj a remarkable circular building, of which the 
eite waa cjplorcd in 1853. They consist of a hone comb, bron^ 
tweezers, spindle stones, balls, and other objects of bone, email 
qucms, disks of stone, &c, A grouTid-plau, with represeatations of 
some of these ancient rcliquea, is given in the Arth. Joam. vol. i, 
p. 211.— Mr. A.M. RhimL 

A bronze socketed celt, with peculiar markings at the sidee^ 
found near Lewes. — Mr. W. If. AUree. 

A bronze socketed celt^ in remarkable preservation, found in 1849, 
at a depth of twenty feet, on St» Catherine's Hill, near Guildford, 
Surrey. — Mr. Bohert Fitch. 

A bronze eockctcd celt, found in the parish of Lymnc, Kent — a 
good esaraple — length, five inches; a " Samian" saucer and small 
cup, and a small globu]aruni (Saxon?), found at Mersliara, near 
Ashford ; a bottle of Roman grey ware, curiously scored, and a glass 
cup found with it, about 1830, at Lymnc (both are engra^'cd in 
Mr. Roach Smith's ^n/i^«i;^ejo/Wit7i6or&uj/i and Lymne, p. 2G3); 
also a bronze buckle and sijuare ornament of a belt, found near 
the last, with Saxon interments (figured ibid., p. 261) j a bronze 
gilt fibula, found on the hill, on the road from Folkestone to Dover, 
with a human skeleton, remuiua of armour, and other objects; a 



^ Soe »n iccount of manilliM, or rii^^- iiu»ia of »n iron mnTJillii, Biid of on*' of 

mone;, inHnufDt<lurod n( Birmiitgbnm Tor mixed n^tal m Ilia memoir on TknoLia 

the African miirkel,^rt*A. .^iffli-ii.vjLiii, ijpi-s* of Irish "fiing-monpy," Tta^i. 

u. 17l^i Bir y^' Dothtun givuB ropr»euta- Svi/al Irith A^ttd.^ vol, xtU, p.Ol. 



S96 



ARCHAEOLOGICAL IKSTJTCTB 



AmalL stone hexagonal mortar, with one handle, said to have hem 
found in the Isle of Shcppcy. — Mr, W. HilU, Museum, Chirhtsitr^ 

A diminutive barbell arrow-bfatl, of wlutc fliiit, found ou a 
tamuluB at WectiDg, Norfolk, A gold peutUut uroAOicnt, fotuid al 
Falgrave, Suifolk, engraved in Proctedlnt^s of Suffolk Inst, of Arch, 
vol, ii, page 88; Arch, Journal, vol. ix, p, 107, — The Rev. C. R. 
Manniag, 

A large asaomblflgc of Koman antiquitiefi, found in cxeaTationa At 
Cironoeeter, comprising ornaineiits and implements of metal, drsw- 
iags of " Samian " and other pottery, and varioua vestiges of aoeienl 
CoRiviTfM. — Professor Buckman. 

Collefrtion of antiquities of the Saxon period, fonnd at Quairin^- 
tonj Lincolnfihirc^ consisting of small clasps, tweezers, a brnoic 
rcliqne of unknown use, resembling a T-shaped latch-key, pcrfbnled 
at oue end for suspension. A similar object, of bronze, found at 
West Stow Heath, Suffolk, is figured in Frocetdings of the Pf't^si 
Suffolk Arch. Inst., vol. i, p. 32S, pi. v, where it ia classed amongst 
Bo-called " girdle hangers," A relique of iron, of analogous fon^^ 
found at the same place^ is also figured^ p1> ii ; another, found ^H 
Ilartlip, Kent, with Roman rcmainSj is given in Mr, Koach Smith's 
Cailectiomj vol. ii, plate vii ; aad one from the Saxon cemetery a! 
Little WLlbrabam, ia ligured in Mr. Neville's Saxon Obiequk$, 
pi. ixxix. Mr Roacli Smith describea that found at Itartlip as a 
key, a variety of the darns laconica. (Rich, Coinpnnion to t/ifr LaitM 
Dictionary f v. Ciavin.) Also two urns, of the Sa^on period, found 
in Lincolnshire. — T%e Rev, E. TroUope; prejtenied by Mm to tik 
British Museum. 

A brooch in form of a serpent, ingeniously cm bowed so as to form 
a kind of knot. It waa found, aa stated, at the Saxon ccmctcrr, 
Pairford, GloucesterBhirc, where bo extensive o collection of rcliqud 
of the Saxon period have been disinterred by Mr, Wylio, ■ The 
body is formed of a slender tube of retieulateil work, of brass or 
some mixed metal : the diminutive lozenge- shaped aperture* repre^ 
sent the scales, and arc fitted with black and white enamcL IIib 
antiquity of this remarkable little ornament has been questioned, 
nothing similar having been found witli Saxon or other remains.-:: 
ProfesHor Buckman, 

Two earthen vessels, found in 1R51, cmbetided in the waU 
St, Olave'a Church, Cliichcster, placed over the arch of the 
window, on their sides, the mouths facing inwards tovarda 



MUSEUM AT CHTCHE6TEK. — 1853. 



297 



churchp Oue measurcfl about ten inches and a half diameter; 
height, eight inches and a half; diameter of mouthy eight inchea* 
The other, now much broken, was cousidcrably larger, diameter 
poaaibly fourteen or fifteen inches; height, eleven inches. They are 
of coarse red ware, and were probably formed to serve as cooking 
pota, the bottom hanng considerable convexityj so as to bed well 
amongst the hot ashes. This eurioua discovery is dcRcribed by the 
Hev. P- Freeman, Sussex' Arch. Coll., Vob Vj p. 223 ; he auppOHcd 
them to be Roman, but the ware has no resembJuuce to that of 
Roman times. Large naU-tiles were fouud in the masonry, which 
gave probability to the suppoaitioti ; mid it was suggested thnt the 
ashes of martyrs might have beeri enclosed in these va^cs in early 
times, and the veaaeU presc'rved when the coet wall was raised mid 
a new window inserted. Au earthen pot, of similar form and 
waiv, was found diirifig repairs atStoekbury Church, Kent, by Mr. 
Richard Hussey: it was plaeed immediately under the pavement. 
A similar pot was likewise found in 1838, with two stone coffins, 
near the old Cemetery Gate, to the cast of St. Anselm's Chapel, 
Canterbury Cathedral. The vase was full of human bones, and 
was placed between the coffins; it measured eighteen inches greatest 
diameter; height, thirtfen inches. It is possible that in medieval 
times the remaina of persons dying in foreign parte were occca- 
sionally brought home in these ossnarioj to be deposited near their 
kindred. — Mr. Ijikson, Churchwardtn of St. Olave's. 

A massive riag of baked clay, found in Hurst Pierpoint Churi-h- 
yard. Diaraeterj four inches and a half; thicknesSj one inch and 
three-quarters; diameter of central aperture, one inch and three- 
quarters. The period to which objeets of this kind belong has not 
been asecrtaincd, and their use is not known. In the Hon. R. 
Neville's Museum, at Audley End, there arc such rings, found near 
Saffron Waldcu and Bourn Bridge. See one, found near Roman 
lemaias at Castorj Artia' Durobrivts^ pi. 29; it ia of precisely the 
eameaizeas thatfrom IlurstPicrjioiut, but itdlffera in being marked 
with three equidistant impressions round the rim. Mr. Nightingale, 
of Wilton, has one of exactly the same sijie, found in the churchyard 
there. They have been auppoaed to be Avcighte, or poealbly stands 
in which funeral torches were placed when arranged around the bier. 
They may have sen'etl for some game, like quoits. Other exainple*, 
found with Roman remains near Abingdon, are noticed, Jonrii. Arch. 
Assoc. voL iv, p. 404. — Th^ R^. Caret/ Barren', Hurst Pterpoini. 

VMT. 38 



Z9S 



AltCH-'EOLOQiCAL JN8TITPTE 



Pragmenta t>f pottery, of varioua periods, comprising &omc con- 
sidered to be Roman; a Email pcnaunular ring-brooch of broruCr 
possibly Anglo-Sftson J and two remarkable cbeasmeti of jet, au|i- 
poecU to be a kuight and a pawD (see woodcuta), date alx>iit the ,,, 
tenth century? All these oljjt^cts were found in excavations at t)i4^M 
tumnlua knrtwu a^ the Mote Hill, Warrington, of wbicb a (i<^tailea^ 
aot^ount ia given in the Proceedings of tfte Historic Society of Lan- 
cmhirt. Session v, 1852-53, page 59. The brooch belongs to tli 
Warrington Museum. — Jameft Knutnck, M.D.JVcrrin^loUfhywi 
the Qccoiitpanykiff iUustratioHs have been kindly presented. 





Medieval Ant\{jn\ties, cofnpr'mnrj Sacred Omaments^ Spechni 
Goldsiiiiths' Work, Ettameh and Works in Meta/, Per» 
Ornaments, and Objects of Domestic Use. 

A crucifix of champlevS cuamcl, probably of the work of Linic 
eleventh century, nu e:caraplc of t!ie most aueicut fomi of tbc ' 
cnicifixj with the crowHj long robe, and four nails, the feet as well 
aa the hands being attached to the cross separately. Thi« type 
hears much reaemblanec to the Volto Hanio at Tjucc/l, a crucifix sftiil 
to have bpen brought from the Holy Laud a,d. 780, and traditionally 
believed to have been the work of Nicodemus. — A processional cro« 
of enamelled copper, eleventh or twelfth century : the crucifix has 
only a partial covering of drapery; the feet, aa in tbe earlier type, 
are attached separately.— A crucifix of brass, originally gilt: 
fifteenth century. The figure of our Lord has only a cloth round 
the loiuaj the feet are fastened to tbe cross by a single nail only. 
Found at Wiggonholt, Sussex. — A fine reliquary or ckasae of ca** 




MUSEUM AT CniCHEBTEtt. 1853, 



melled vork, probably of Limoges, iu lino preservation. It is 
believed to liave been presented by St, Louia, King of Franco, to 
the Abbey Church of St. DenU» After the desecration and plunder 
of the cliurch in the Kevolutionj it came into the posacaaion of Mr. 
Deckford ; and at the Fouthill sale it waa purchased by Anue, 
Countess of Newburgli. It was prcseuted by lier to tlie Hon. Robert 
Curzon, jua. — A smaller cAojje of enamelled work, twelfth century, 
—Four largo oval cnatucU, by Pierre Courtoia or Courteya, of 
Limoges, 1550-1568. The colours arc tranaparont and very bril- 
liant, the eSects partly heightonod hy gold. Dtmeusionaj fourteeti 
inches by ten iiich(» and a quarter. They bear the artiat'a initials, 
P. C- Tliese fiup p]aques reprenent the four seaaonsr — Hunting, with 
the zodiacal sign Taurus; Harvest, with the sign Virgo; Picking 
grapesj Libra; and killing awine, Capricorn. 

Specimens of plate: — A ailvcr-gilt vase and cover, date about 
1450; two silver-gilt tazzaa, bearing date 1521; two large silver 
candlesticks, date about 1580; a large silver salver, date 1629, of 
very rich workmanship, designed by Bidingcr. It belonged to Pope 
Leo XII. Also a pair of large silver sconces, from a Begnine convent 
in Flanders, seventeenth century, — The Hon. Robert Curzon^ Jun. 

A crimson velvet cope, richly embroidered with gold and silk. 
Amongst the figures on the orfrcy arc St. Bartholomew, St 
Ursula, St Jamea the Less, St. Helena, and St. Andrew, On the 
hood arc the Virgin and St. John the Evangeliat* The velvet is 
embroidered with seraphioi standing on wheels, and a scroll under 
each inscribed, " Da gloriam deo ;" double-headed eagles, _;7«/r# dt 
lys^ and large ftowcrs, &c. Date about 1450. This fine old 
English vestment waa formerly preserved at Cauford, Dorset^ the 
seat of the Webbs, an ancient Boman Catholic family. There waa 
an old chapel atLaclieU to tUc house- The estate came into the 
possession of Lord dc Mauley, "who presented the cope to Lady 
Ncwburg;h. It h^is since been preserved at Slindon Honsc, Sussex, 
— The Dowager L<tdy Nevjltttrgh. 

Ancient rcltt^ucs, found June 3 and July 16, 1820, in stone 
coffins, betweca the piers of the north and south arches of the choir, 
Chichester Cathedral. These coffins, four in number, prenously 
concealed by piers, contained the remains of some of tlie earlier 
bishops; each coffin was formed of u single block of Sussei marble, 
wider at the head than at the feet> On their lida, which were flat 
and polished, lying about six inches below the pavement, a crosier 



300 



ABCa^OLOGICAL INSTITUTE 



tliej 



wn« ropreecQtcd, placed dtagotiiLUy, in tbe eamo direction as Uiej 
were actually found deposited witUla the coffm, across the skei 
the volute of the crosier resting on the left shoulder. On 
coffia-lid thorc bad been an inscription, and the crosier placd[> 
erect. In the coffin under the first arch on the north side, hj a 
skeleton aaddst the remaina of episcopal vestments, the orfrcp of 
which were well preserved; the right hmd lay as if grasping the 
woodcTi crosier, of which the head and pommel were of jet, A kIvct 
chalice gilt within, and a paten, in the centre of which w» 
engraved a hand in the gcature of benediction, between a crescent 
and a star, lay on the left shoulder; on the tbumb-booe of the 
right hand was a ^Id ring, set with a gnostic gem ; and at the feet 
was B high wooden heel of one of the shoes, enclosed in leather 
This was supposed to be the tomb of Bishop Seffride, who died in 
llfiL la another collin were tbe remains, as it has been conjectured, 
of his ftuccesaor Bishop Hiliiryj who died in 116i*. The Bkeiel^D 
lay amidst decaying vcstraenta ; the crosier placed, a* before de- 
scribed, across the bodyj ibc volute resting on the left shoulder; i 
portion of the npper part, to which the volute was attached, is 
ivory, curiously sculptured. On the right shoulder lay a siivei 
chalice, purcel-gilt, and a pulcu, in the centre of which ia engra^Tii 
the Ai/nut DH. A pluiu gold ring, aet with a sapplurc, was foaod 
on the thumb-bone of the right hand. Ia a third co£d> oaraclVp 
that on which the crosier was represented crect| tiimilar rcm^a^ 
appeared ; the crosier lay parallol to the right aide; a gold ring, aei 
with a sapphire and five small emcrakk, was found on a finger- 
bone of the right hand^ but there was no ohaliee nor pateu. The*^ 
rings, the rlialicea, and ppinoipal objccta above noticed, have herB 
carefully preserved, and were entrusted for exhibition in the 
Museum. Also a pewter chalice and paten, foiuid in a coffin in thi 
cathedral ; and a leaden cruciform plate, found September 1830, i 
the huriaUgrooud called the Paradise, within the cloisters, 
mcaanres seven inches and a half by five inches, and bears the 
foUowiniT absolution (here given in exiertso) : — "Abaolvimus tc 
Godefride cpiscopc rice Sancti Petri principis apostolorum rai 
dominns dedit ligandi at(|ue solvcudi potestatem, nt quantum tua 
expetit accusatio et ad uos pcrtiacat rcmissio sit tibi deus redemptor 
ompnis saliis omnium peccatorum tnomm pius iudultor. Amen. 
VII Kal, Octobris in FesiiWtate sancti Firmini episcopi et maniris 
obiit Godelridus epiacopns Ciceetrensifi. Ipso die V. lunic ftut." 



ei^^ 



i 
1 



MrSBCM AT CHICHESTER, — 1853. 



301 



Near the place \rherc this plate lay had been found, about 1836, 
a atotie coUiu, wliick may Iiavc contained the remains of Bi^bop 
Goclefridufi, He died a,d» 1088. Two plates representing the 
interesting reliquea above noticed, and the ioscribcd cix>ss, were 
engraved by the late Mr, T. King, and may be obtaiued from Mr- 
Hayley Mawu, at Cliichester. An account of the latter is g^ven, 
ArchtBuhgic, vol. xsiii, page 419. Also a portion of an ancient 
memorial, probably of an ecclcsiaatic : two hands holduig a heart, 
on which ia the sacred monogram, lj)C, It was found in the catbc- 
dnJ^^TAe Dean and Chaptet^ of Chic/tenter. 

Powtor clialice and paten, found in the grave of an occlcaiafitic 
at the Franciscan Priory, CLichcdtcr, in escavationB, AugiiEt 1835. 
The aite is now known a« the Priory Park. — The C/dcftester PhUo- 
sophical Society^ 

A email Rnsso-Greek diptych, or folding tablet, of enamelled braas, 
found alx)Ut the year 1830, at M-crston, near Chiebeater. On the 
deiter leaf ib the Virgin with the infant Saviour, and two aaiats 
below in an attitude of veneration ; on tbe other leaf, St.Nicliolas 
between tbc Saviour and the Virgin. Ou the outside appear the 
emblems of the Passion. The field is enamelled dark and light 
blue alternatelyj on all the four sides of this diptych. Its size, when 
closed, is about one iueh and a c^uaiier square. — Mr^ George Dendi/, 
Chichester. 

A small RuBso-Grcck triptych of enamelled brass. The central 
subject ii the Crucifixion ; on each of the folding leaves are three 
small corapartmcnts, with demi-tigurca of saints. On a small pro- 
jecting tablet, athxcd to the upper margin over the crucifix, is the 
head of Our Lord, either the Verujn Icon, or the Vcmicle. The 
size whca closed is about two inches wide by two inches and a 
quarter high. — Mr. Ht'nry Norris, Sen. 

Facsimiles of the two sides of a silver reliquary, found attached 
by a cUaiu to the ueck uf h skclctoe, disinterred during the removed 
of Old St Punatau'ft Church, Fleet Street, Loadon, iu 1831. The 
subjects are St. George, and St Helena bearing the True Cress, 
This curious erica f/jion, of Greek or Ilusso-Greck workmanship, was 
in the muBGum of tholato Dean of St. Patrick's, andisfiguied Geni. 
Maff., vol. xix, N.B. p. 490, See also Arch. Joam. voL r, p. 166, — 
Mr. J. O. IVeatwood. 

Sculptured ivory tablet, early twelfth century. The subject is Our 
Lord with the Virgin Mary and St. John. — TheRev. IValier Sntyd^ 



303 



AKCn^OLOGlCAL IKBTITDTE 



A reliquaty in the form of a pectoral croas, formed of two gold 
plates, enriched with euamel embedded, or cloi^nn^, ia filagree, and 
sot ill silver gilt, Ou oue side appears tlie Saviour on the crosi) 
barbarously' ilcfaccdj and demi-Hgurcs of tho Yirgin odcI St. JoIid, 
On the other aide i» sceu the Virgla, full length, with St. Johiif St. 
Paul, St, Peter, and St, Audrcw, Date, nintL or tenth century. fSa 
a detailed aceouat by Mr. Franks, Arch. Journ., vol. xiii, p, 5*J,) 
Tliis precious c:tample of "Byzantine" work waa in the Debnitf* 
CoUcetiou.— The head of a crosier, of the enamelled work o£JAmcgot, 
thirteenth eentury, — Mr, Alexander Beresford Ilc^te. 




A (}edcstQl rcQcmbling a phkct candlestick, of enamelled tnct«l, 
of Roman O'Celtic work, of the same class of cnaincle as the taae 
found in one of the Bartlow tamuh [Arc/npoto</iaj vol. xx^-i, pK 35), 
and Bpecimens in Mr. Neville's Museum, It was obtained trom 
France, and la now in Mr, Magniac's Cnllertion. Height, thriee 
inehcB. Five priket eandleslicks of enamelled copper, with heraldic 
decorations, stated to have been purchased in Italy. A rich baldrick 
of fiiivcr, parcel-gilt» obtained in Belgium. It is probably au om^ 
ment worn by a Udy, and appears to he Flemish work, siitfieiktli 
century.— itfr. H^ Farrer, 



MrSEUM AT CHICHK8TER.'^1953, 



303 



Shrine fipiirea of gilt bronae, Irish work, tenth or cle^'cnth cen- 
tury ; a bisliop and nn abtot. Facsimiles of the remarkable orna- 
mental work of the Cross of Cong, a production of Irish art, a.d, 
1123, in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy, Also electro- 
types of ten sniall figures afiked to the ahrinc of St. Manclian, with 
casta of ornamental work ou the ends of the shrine, Irish work, 
probably of the early part of the twelfth century. The originals 
are of bronze gilt, — Mr. Alexander Nesbitt. 

A pair of tripod priket candlesticks of enataelled metal, twelfth 
century. An enamelled tablet of metal, of the work of Liiaogca, 
thirteenth century, an example of very brill iaot colouring; also a 
crosier-head enamelled, fine specimens of the champlevi process. — 
A brass case, or pendant ornament, to oontain one of the hallowed 
wax tablets known as the Agnus Dei, diatributed to pilgrims at 
Rome; fourteenth century; and a pair of plates of gilt brass, chased 
in very low relief, probably the decorations of a sorvice-book ; on 
one apiiears the omcifijt, with the Vir^n and St. John ; on the other 
is St, Bartholomew: fourteenth century, Diracneions, eight iochea 
and a half by fue inohea and a quarter. — Tlte Ret\ IValter Snet/d. 

Fragments of a glass lamp of \'ery elegant form, from the mosqne 
of Sultan Hasisan at Cairo, built in the year 13C3, and where he 
was buried* His tomb bears date I3G5. Mr. Curzon considers 
these lamps, supposed to be of Syrian manufacture, as probably 
some of the most ancient medieval examples of ornamental glass 
existing; they bear the Sultan's name. The decoration is appUcd 
to the surface in blue, red, and green cnamclj with gilding. — Mr. 
J. Night in ffule. 

Sculptured piece for the game of tables or 
of draughts, probably formed of vralrua tooth. 
Found in the precinct of the Cistercian monas- 
tery of Ardchattan, Argyllshire. The device 
carved upon it is an eagle (?) pluming itself, 
(See woodcut, size of the original.) Date, 
thirteenth century. The disk is unfortunately 
imperfect: the thickness is a quarter of an 
inch- — Mr. Cosmo Innes. 

Sculptured ivory cruaicr; the head is of the 
earlier part of the fourteenth century, but the crockets aurroujiding 
it hare been renewed. It has bccu traditionally regarded as a paa- 
toral staff used by Cardinal Wolficy- — Mr, A, Bcrc^Jord Hope. 




S04 



ARCn.EOLOClCAL INSTITUTE 



Sculptured ivory mirror-case, on which arc represented a yotm^ 
Udy aiul gentlenifiii playing at chess. Date, about 1320. (See 
voodcut.) Four grotesque aTuraali are plarcrl around the disk, Oo 
the reverac is n shitllow cavity which received the mirror, prolnblj 
of polialied steel. Several beautiful mirror-caaes of irory, prcserred 
in continental collections, have been moulded by Mr. Nesbitt, and 
form part of the series to be obtained from the Arundel Sodetr. — 
The Hon. Robert Cttr^on, Jun, 




Sculptured ivory, one of the covere of a set of wax tablets (p^- 
tares) used for writing with a pointcl or styhs. Thefiuhject rcpro- 
Benl€'^ is the Nativity; the reverse is slightly hollowed out, to 
receive the wax, — Mr. G. Godwin. 



MUSEUM AT CHICHESTER. 1853, 



305 



Sculptured ivory pas j date fifteenth century. — Mr. H, Norris, Sen, 

Medallion portraits, sculptured in ivory— Charles Leiiox^ second 
Duke of Iticlimoud, born 1701j iuBcribed — iuannhs mh^ioaanos 
KnoJBl, aud Louisa, hU aister, nia^rried to JamcB, third Eaxl of 
Berkeley. It bears tlie date 1711.— rAe Dukt of Rkhuwnd, 

Two smaU acuiptureil figures of ivoiy, chii/ue vtnto work, St. 
Jobn thcBoptUt aud St Jobu the Evangelist — Mr. //. W, Freeiaad^ 

Two sculptured taUlcta of alabaster, probably PrencL, from tbc 
medicvid alabaster works at Laguy near Paris, aixtecnth century. 
Tbo BubjectB arCj Our Lord crowned with Thorns, aud the Descent 
From the CrosB. — The B^, F^ Leicester. 

A small sculptured tablet of alabaster^ partly gilded. It probably 
repreaenta the Good SaraaritaUj porlrayed as a courtly gentleman 
in m[?dieval costume, quitting the inn and giving money to tbe 
host, who wears a turban and oriental dress. Below is a mark of 
the artist, or possessor of the tablet, and the initials LT. Probably 
aculjjturcd at Lagay, abtecuth ccntnry- — Hav. M, Pfirrvir/ton. 

Two riug-bi'ooches of gold, found in Sussei: on one of them is 
inscribed— 3 oliannCS : est: nomcit : clU5 ; 
on the other— *al, bot. SbCStC, al (all 
for the be^t, all), A gokl ring found 
at Godshillj Poyniugs, engraved with the 
posy — par iOUf fOD ; and within the hoop 
— it. If. "OU also an impression from a 
beautifiU gold trefoil -sha|x;d brooch, of the 
fifteenth centurj', found in 1811, near 
Brighton Place, Brigbton- It ia inscribed 

— m. rspflir. ma, boc. cnourr.— ^/^J, 

fVetks, Hurst Pitrpoint. 

A gold ring-brooeh, originally enamelled ; diameter one inch aud 
a sixteenth. On one side is the initial S four times rei>eatcd, with 
quatrefoilcd ornaments alternately. On the other side is ihe poey, 
— anior: nibogr SclacS: rl: iOUE. Date, early fifteenth cen- 
tury. This brooch, one of tbe most beautiful examples of its class, 
ifl traditionally believed to have been worn hy Cromwell at the 
battle of Dunbar; it was accompanied by a pair of small silver 
studs, supposed to have been worn by the Protector, but they hear 
tbe head of Queen Annc- — A gold betulcd ring, found at lied Dick, 
near Pcvcnscy, in 181G. — A silver ring, parcel gilt, fifteenth cen- 
tury, with figures of St. CUristopher aud St. Uaibara on the facets; 

VI n 31> 




306 



A RCH^O LOGICAL INSTITUTE 



A guUl ring, pn>huh!y Rujieo-Qreek, wiOi an inscripton on tlic^ inner 
Bid**, found ncur Chichc^atcr ; and a gold betrothal ring, from Orf 
same lociility, iiiacribcd within — '^ If louebe tmc^ ray minds t<5 jou/' 
— 77j,- fhn.Mra. Thomas. 

Stitart rcliquea, comprising four plain goH bucklca^ worn ac- 
cordiui; to tradition, by Charles I, and a fine linen ahirt, richJy 
embroidered round the neck, wristbands, front, ecams, 8:^, beliovcJ 
to have brcti irorn by the king; a Bilvcr cup and saucer, chojsod in 
rcbef in oriental style, flower*, fniil, 8;c. ; also a large silver spoon, 
eaid to have been used by Charles II it hen a child; the gold watch, 
worn by him, made by " Quare, London'' ; oval silver medallioaa, 
by Simon, portraits of Charles I and Henrietta Maria; aUo a gold 
ring set with a miniature portrait of the old Pretender. — A sjgnet 1 
ring of goldj set with an emerald surrouuded by brilliants, aud 
engi-aved with the initials — C. L, uaited as cipherj under a coronci- 
Thia ring belonged to the Duchess of Portsmouth, the initials being 
doubtless those of her name, Louisa, and the King's. This Ijeaulifiil 
ring may be supposed to have been presented hy Charles U. The 
king, as appears by the imprei^tiion of a seal on a note addressed 
" For the Duchcase of Portsmouth," from Newmarkcij now amongst 
the Royal Letlera al Ooodw<xjd, hod a signet of nearly the aamc 
Biac, with the initials C. L. under a royal crown, the letters united by 
a true-love knot. — A ricbl_v euaraclled gold watch, by " Dcselianncs, 
Loudun," aLipi>oBcd lo have belonged to the Duchess of PortsmouthK^ 
A gold watch, by *' Graham, London," and the royal cipher on 
the caae, worn by George 1. A gold heart-shaped Scoltiab brooch, 
iu9Cnhed within — *' I.G. Whyl. lyf. is. mya. my, heart. ia> thine." 
— A betrothal ring, formed of three hoops, which intortwiue and fi' 
together ingeniously so as to compose one ring- The inner side* 
bear the following in^ription: — i{i qvniL, hart. is. mvnb.it. sauiV- 

THVKE. AND. EVIR. 8ALBE. — ^ HART. Btt. CYTfD. HAVR. U&. IN. UYMD. 

AS. 1. UAVK. THK. It was found about 1830, at Achindou Cafiile. 
"Given to me by Alexander, Duke of GordQU, — E.Gordon/' — Hu 
Grace the Dttke of Richmond. 

A small gold ritig-brooch, fourteenth century, found in the 
garble as of Lavant Hoiiee, Sussex. The diametei is about throe 
quarters of an inch. Inscribed on one side — mvn Qvcaxtioixo, and 
on the other — e pres elvivg. — A brass ring, with a racrchanf* 
mark^ ploufjhud up near West Lavant Cliureh. — Mr. C. Dftrritm. 

A gold heart-shaped peudaut onianicnt, euankellcd, found at 



4 
4 



MU3E0M AT ClIICliESTtR. — 1853. 



307 



DuQston, LincolashircH Onopenlngit^oitoneBideiaeeeiiSt, IMcr, 
and on the other St. Jlarbara, engraved on sma]! flat plates which 
close the two divisions of the heart. The outeide is beautifully 
oruamciitcd with ciiiqucfoila of red euamcl enclosed by a band of 
white enamel and gold stars. — A plain gold betrothal ring, en- 
graved witb a posy inside. — Mr. J. H. Hawkins, Bryjujr Park. 

Gold ring found iu Rockingham Forestj inscribed with these sup- 
posed taliamaaic worda^^ artrv: gptta : madros; adkos,, and on 
the inside — ^ ydrob: oniioa : toebal. A brass signet ringj and a 
eilver ring, fifteenth century, with the initial I, under a crown, — 
The Rev, E. Troihpe. 

A brass ring^brooehj found near Corhridge, fi I am or^n shire. Oa 
the flat surfaces are engraved in large capitals — t^ intsis nazarews, 
and irff AVE MARIA aoACiA. Diameter, one inch and three quarters ; 
date, fourteenth century. — A flat brooch of silver, of the same size 
and form, found near Abingdon, and inscribed — iF.Bva nazarevvs, 
18 figured Jowrwu/ Arch, Assoc. \oL\x, pw4. These inscriptions 
were doubdcsa regarded as possessing a certain talismanic virtue, — 
Mr. W. R. Deere Salmofi. 

A small bronze hexagonal box or capsule formed apparently to 
be worn suspended or attached to the person; it opened with a 
hiugc, and in the cavity within was found a small round flint, such 
as occur commonly near the ebalk strata in Sussex, It was found 
in the Vicarage garden, Walberton, near Aruudeh This object 
had probably been used as a physical charm, like the tstiteit or 
eagle-atone, anciently much esteemed in childbirth, and worn tied 
to the arm; or the lapis nephridcus, bound on the wrist of the left 
hand, as a remedy for calculus, ^TAc Rt:v, G. S. Voffan. 

Two curfews of brass, or latten metal, formerly preserved at 
HUnaker House, Sussex, and now at Goodwood. Their date may 
be assigned to the reign of James T. One measures fourteen 
inches high, diameter nineteen incliesj the other, aiitcen inches 
wid a half by twenty-six inches. In form they precisely resemble 
that engraved in the Antiqu. Reperloryj vol. i, p. 3, which belonged 
to the Itev. W. Goatling of Canterbury, and was subsequently in 
Horace Walpole'a possession. It was purphaaed by Mr. William 
Knight, at the Strawlieny Hill sale. Another, now in the Cau- 
terbury Musewm, was in the ancient residence of the TJering family 
at New Shelve House, Kent. Another, obtained in London in 
1842, is figured in Journal Arch. Asa,, vol iv, p. 171, where a fidl 



308 



ABCU.EOLOOTCAL IN9T1TCTK 



ocrouDt of tlie curfew is giTcm bj Mr. Sycr Crnnitig. See who 
Hiitcliui^ou^s Durham, vol i, p. 102- M, Dc Vi^e, at Ghent, h 
a curfew of earthenware, orttamcnted with flowere^ fruit, &c in 
coloured barboi'mt; it bears the date 1G06; there is also another of 
earthenware iu the Mu)»euni at Boulog^ne. — The Duke of Rirhawnd. 

A covered salt of crystal, mounted in silver-gilt, and findj 
chased; date about 1550» — A set of painted frtiit-trcuchers, of thiii 
wood, in tUc original box which bears the arms of Oueen Elizabeth. 
On each ia a flower or device with a **po&ic," or rliyming stanza, ^j 
and scripture teits^ relutiag to some subject of moral admonitioa ^^k 
These (|uaint trenchcra measure hvc laches and a quarter diamelcT,^^ 
one side being plain, the other imintcd and varmshcd; and ihcF 
were doubtless iiecd in the sixteenth and seTCntecnth centuries, in 
the dessert of fruit, sweetmeats, &c.j served after dinner. (See i 
notice of these "treeu platters," Arch^ Journ. vohiUj p. 353.) — ^Stf 
J. C. Ciarke-Jervtjise, Bart. 

A pair of ailvcr-gilt suuGTers, enamelled with Uie royal anna J 
those of Cardinal Bainbridge, Archbishop of VorW, jxjisoued at 
Rome, 1514. lie waa made a cardinal by Pope JnHus U, in 1511, 
for his eerricca in persuading Hem^ VIII to take part with ihcj 
Pope agidmt Louis Xll, {See Archa^oL Jouj*n. vol. s, y. \ 72^ where 
tliifl bcantiftiL apocimen of ancient plate la figured.) — Mr* Ht:ndrr»uH. 

A folding hat, formed of thin slijK of ivory curioualy intcrwovrn, 
and when open presenting the appeaniure of a small paraaol, wkiUE ' 
it eouhl be readily folded up like a fart. It had been traditionaUr 
handed down as having been worn by Qneen Elizabeth, and prts 
scTVcd beyond memory in the family of the late Mr, Ambiuse 
Glover, of Relocate. The probability that this singnlar reliqne of 
old costume might have belonged to Elizalicth, may derive some 
coa6rmatiou from the fact that she avoided the use of any head- 
covering which might throw a strong shadow on her promineutly 
marked features, strictly enjoining that her portraits should be 
painted as in "an open garden light." This ingenious hal, from 
the semi- translucent quality of the ivory, would throw scarcctv anT 
shadow. It is recorded that she particularly dishked wind* 
weathcrj and loved to walk iu a mild calm rain, with an umbr^lU 
over her bea<i." Hats of this fashion were worn in her reign, and 
appear in some contemporary representations of female costume. — 
Mk T.HarL 

■ 8rc r>e Foe'a TVw titrovffh Qreai Britain, flcooimt of Wiiwbor, toi ii, p. 67, 



MUSEUM AT cmcnESTEa. — 1853. 



soy 



The silver cluck-watch given by Charles I to Mr. (afcrwanlM 
Sir Thomaa) Herbert, as the king wus going to tbe place of 
cxecutiou. The iocideiit is related in Sir Thomas's Memoirs, p> 




310 



arhh^ological institute 



120. Tlie movement liaa been someirhat modemisefl ; the on^fo 
mechanism was hj " Edward East, London/' whose uaJDo ti 
engraved iasidej and he is mentioned as the kin^s wat^^lmoke 
ThU iatercsting rclique came, by intermamsge with the Herbcr 
into the possession of the family of its present possessor. (Sec 
more full account, with representations of the elaborately engraved' 
case, the key, &c., Sussex Arch. Coll. voL III, page 103,) Also two 
silver-gilt bowls, which, a.3 supposed, had beca made for James I, 
whose initiala oud arms they bcar^ with the date 1610. They 
purchased at the sale of the Duke of York's plate. It U poaaibli 
timt the design may have been taken from an original bowl of llmf" 
period; these however, as shown hy the assay letter, were made m 
1824. (Quaint devices and moral sentcDCCB appear upon them; tb 
stag lodgctl, the ostrich with a horacshoe in its beak^ porcnpinf^ 
W7veni, griffin, boar, S:c., as they are found on certain wooden eupft 
of the earlier part of the seventeenth century. — Mr* ff- Towniey 
Mitfurd, PiUhiU. 

A rujih candlestick, auch aa were for«^ 
merly ui^ed in Su&sei, attached to an ircii 
standard affixed tu a block of wood^ Aba 
niiothcr contrivance of the eame kind, 
adapted for audpcnsion to a c]iinincy-pioc«,| 
and Btill used in rural districts in SusaesJ 
for burning dipped rushes as a homd^j 
Euhstituto for candles. Rush candle.sticki 
are stdl in geueral use in North Wale*. 
They are mostly formed with nippers to 
hold the rush at an angle of -35^, and a 
fimdl nozzle for a candle. Also a pair of 
Sussex tobacco- tongs, date 1725. — The 
Hon. Robert Carson, Jun, 

Pilgrim's staff, curioualy engraved with 
Bubjects from the history of Our Lord, anJ 
the Passion.— JAe Rev.K Mitchell, 

Bronze key, with a quatrefoilcd handled 
found at Barcombc, Sussex. — The Rt^c. K\ 
Spiirrelh 

The ancient iron key of the "Chapter House," Chichester Ca-j 
thedrah — The Dean and Chapter. 

Seven iron keys, foand at various times in the grounds of the 




MUSEUM AT CUlClTEaTEH. 1853. 



311 



Prioryj Lewes, Also a small stimip-iron with a Bwivel ring for 
attachment to the leather. — Mr. IKAUree. 

All iron lock of curious construction, found near Cakeham, 
Sussex, and an iron lock from Bramber Castle, — Mr. R. Efliot. 

Several medieval keys of brass nnd iron, of ornamental workman- 
ship: four of them found at liaydor, near Sleford, Lincolnshire, 
under the roots of an aged oakj another found in the walls of 
Sleford Church ; an iron lock and key, and a globular padlock : all 
found in Lincolnsliirc. — T/it ReiK E. Troliope* 

An iron thumh-screWj Trom llaluaker House, near Chichester. 
Scerepresentationsiof the&e iiuplemcntsof torture, aaid to have been 
first used in Russia, in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annah of Scot- 
hnd, page 690^ Skelton's Goodrich Court juratory, plate 66, — Mr> 
llumphrej/Sf 

A lenden figure of a bird, probably a dove with win^ expanded, 
found in Lewes river, Sussex, near the bridge. Objects of this 
kind have bocu associated wnth Roman remains, and Mr. Neville 
has one, found at Chesterford in the Boro' Field : other examples 
have been found in Cambridgeshire; two at ValJe Crueia Abbey, 
and one hy Mr. Inskip, of ShelTord. (See Mr, Neville's Antiqna 
Kj^hrata: plXso Jottrvaf Arch, ^ss.^ vol. lii, page 177.) Tliey are 
usually pierced with two holes through the body, probably for a 
cord; they show traces of gilding or silvering and of paint. The 
form l>cars no resemblance to the Roman eagle* They may have 
been counterpoises for a lamp or other object suspended in a church 
or elsewhere, — Mrs. Weeks. 

A silver pin, parcel gilt, with a globular head ornamented with 
filagree ivork. Found in taking down an old house at Kilcot, near 
TV^ootton Underedge, Gloucestershire, — The Rev. B. R. Perkins. 

A chasing in silver, representing the Adoration of the Shep- 
herds, date early sixteenth century; and a round ornament of gilt 
metal, cast and chased; the subject is the Circumcision. — The Rev. 
F, Leictrster. 

Horubook for teachiog children their letters, sometimes called 
an "Abece." It is mounted in silver, the back engriived, and dis- 
plays, under a covering of horn, the black-letter alptiabct, small 
letttTs, preceded hy a cruaa, the vowels, the black-letter capitoJ^s, 
syUables of two letters, &c. ; " In the [mine of the Father, of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghoat, ainen ." and The Lord's Prayer. Peachanj, 
in hia IVorth of a Pcnnt/j written in the reign of Charles I, says — 




" For a penny you may buy the hardest book iu the world, aod 
which, at some lime or other, hath poscil the grcateftt clerke in tha 
Land, tiz., au horubook ; tlic making up of w liich im^loyetlj nhum 
thirtv trades," A horubook, with a portrait of CUarIca I, i« in 
Air. Bateman's Museum, Lombcrdale House, Derbyshire, vid is 
figured in hia Caiahjue of Antiquities, if c, )^a^ 192. — Sir H<9ry 
SkiffntfT, Bart, 

Two hornbooks, ooe of them with afi^irure of Cliarlee I on hone- 
bick, the ether of the lime of Charles II, niid aD " Aboce " of tht 
same description atid form, but vaniiahed instead of lieing oovcfvd 
with horn, — A pair of embroiderred gloves, described ha worn by 
tliieen Anne on the occaflion of her visit to Chriat Chiireli, Oifofd, 
August 26lh, \70±^Mr. J. O. Htiitt/ood. 

Gold ring, fi&id to have been found in one of the pien of 0\i 
London Bridge. On the facet is a figure of St. Catherine, originftUy 
euamcUed ; on the hoop \& engjaved — ij< i. tTUSt- ill. flOl3 ; fifteenth 
ecntury. — Gold betrothal rings, found at Bosham. Within tht 
hoop are engraved the foUowing posies : — ''Tho far apart» yett near 
in heart,"— "In thee I fiud Content of mind,"— .Vr. C. T HaUtt^ 

A pair of lady'a glovcsj of fine Spanish leather, with embrotderfd 
cuffs. Date, eighteenth century, — The Rei: Waiter Sneyd, 

A double drinking-cup of silver, date about 1080, sometimei 
dcscribal as a "puzzle cap," It ia in the form of a female, ia the 
costume of the reign of Charles II ; her body forma the larger cnpi 
aud with her arms upraised she holds a smaller one over her lic*d. 
The latter turns between her handft on pivots, so th.it, with some 
little difficulty, both the larger and thcftmaller receptacle might l* 
tilled simultaucously and drunk off without Hpilliug, The Duke of 
Hamiltou haa a good example uf this quaiut kind of double cuji, 
which was sometimes termed a '* Moll Thompson," Mr, Shaw hm 
figured one in his Dressts and Dciorat ions, \i^Qf:ttc topi. \)Z, vol. ii, 
—Mrs. Gifbert, 

A richJ^ wrought girdle of silver, parccl-gitt, from the Canton of 
Appen2ellj Swilncrland. Theac ornaments are preserved as heir- 
looms, to be obtained only on the extinction of a family io that 
locality, — The Rev. F. Leicester. 

A large jar with two small handles, in form similar to the butter- 
pots used iu the West of Englnud. It was dug up in the chiircli' 
jardatChawton, near Alton, Hants, nnd belongs to Mr, J. CleincDto, 
ofAltoQ. Hutchins mentions in the Htntory of Dm-svt^ that, in 



MUSEUM AT CniCUESTEH.^ — 1853. 



313 



enlarging the vault of the Drax family, at Charboroiigh in that 
county, tweuty-two pola of rcA ware, like butter-pots, measuring 
eleven inches in height, were found two feet under the floor, and 
bcncfttli them lay eleven skeletons. TbcBCwere rather smaller than 
the jar found at Chawton; they Mere empty, and it was supposed 
that they had contained the hearts and tlie viscera of the eleven 
persons there interred, deposited singly in these separate receptacles, 
—Mr.RG.P.Mhdij. 

A " puzzle-jug," of old English manufacture, mottled brown atone 
ware; a painted Delft dish, and other specimens of porcelain and 
pottery, including two resembling the productions of the old manu- 
facture by Hartley and Green, at Leeds ; formed with open work, the 
edges gilt. Also a dish of Chinese porcelain, made in the '* Ching- 
hwa" period, or a,d. l'l€6 to 1*88, — Mr»^ i'V, Hayltnj Maioti, 
Chichtsier^ 

A four-handled tyg, or wassailing cup, of red glazed ware, 
with ornameuts laid on in relief in yellowbh slip or bitrbotine. 
Fhur9 tJe lys occur amongst the ornaments. Date, seventeenth 
century. From Lingficld, Surrey. The intention of these drinks 
ing vessels was, that four pcrflone, drinking togetljcr, and each 
using a separate handle, brought their mouths to different parte 
of the rim. — The Chichester Philosophical Socieiy and Mcchanie^ 
Institute. 

A four-Handled tyg, of durk glazed ware, omatncnted with bosses, 
&c., in relief, in yellow har/jotine. It bears the initials L W, ; the 
date 1659, ^flenrde Itjtt, &c. Height, fve inohes and a half; dia- 
meter of the mouth, five inches. See examples of this kind of ware, 
Ciitalogite of British Pottenj, f^'C, Museum of Economic Geology, 
p. 117.— Mr. H. IK Frepltind. 

A smull bottle for sack, of white enamelled pottery, English Delft, 
probably made at Lambeth, dated 1618, The Hon. Robert Curzon 
has a similar vessel for sack, dated 1650; and in the Norwich 
Museum there are three — Sack. 1650. M^hit. 1C49, Claeet. 
16i8. — A bowl of English earthenware, in imitation of the Dutch 
manufactures of Dcift ; the decorations in blue, consisting of hunt- 
ing subjects. Within is a medallion portrait of William Duke of 
Cumberland, son of George IT, commander- in- chief of the forces. 
He commanded at Fontcnoy and CullodeUj and died 1765. The 
portrait is surrounded by a trophy of flags and military insignia, 
and is accompanied by these line® : — 

Till. 40 



314 ARCH«OLOOICAL INSTITUTE 

" William thfi Princely Youth witb Traneport Bee, 
He chainB tb' Opprcasorj 8cl& the Oppressed Free, 
Hail, Frieud of Albion and i>f Liberty ! " 

Mr. A, W, Frank*. 

Municipal Insignia, Plate^ l^c, of the City of Chichester. 

The silrer-pilt mace of the city of Chichester; it measured fear 
feet in length ; weight, 120 ounces. On the head^ whieh bears no 
erchcd crown, are the lion, thiatle, harp, and fieur de hjs^ as also the 
royal arms in the reign of Charlee II, the period to which the 
mace may be asaigned. — The mayor's official stick; it is mounted 
with gohl, richly chased j amongst the ornamenta are imper- 
sonationa of the Four Seasons. On the top is a large crystal, aa a 
pommel, surrounded by amclhysts. — The bailiff's official stick; it 
has a richly wrought silver mounting, and crystal head. — The mace 
and the whole of the corporatioo plate, amounting to 650 ounces, 
irere sold by auction, 9th August, 1830, when the above-mentioned 
and some other ohjects were purchased by certain worthy and loyal 
citizens, who formed a local club or fraternity for their preser^atiou, 
dcaiguated &8 "The Mace Society," The municipal insignia arc 
their property, and are annually committed to the charge of 
civic authorities, — The Mayor and Corporation. 

Two silver cups — *' Of the guift of loauc Barnehamj Weeddowe, 
in lanuarie, 1592 " The city arms are engraved upon Ihem. The 
annual letter of the Assay-office (o) indicates that they were matle in 
1591, (Sec Mr» Morgan's Tables, Arch. Journal, vol. x, p, 35.)| 
Also a standing silver cup, '*The gift of Mr. William Madgwick, 
165-i/' The aaaay mark shows that it was made in 1652. A 
covered tanltard (year-letter a, and Britannia, dale 1717); and six 
Bmall octagonal salts (c aad d, and Britannia, 1718, 171*^), — The 
Mace Society f Chichester. 

A silver mace, p:ircel-gilt, found in an old house in Chichester, 
where it had probably been secreted- It had been one of the smaller 
city macca. It terminates in a scm.i- globular head, arouad wbich is 
a crown, and within the crown the arn^a of James I within a garter. 
There were formerly four scrjcants at mace amongst the municipal 
ofHciala of Chichester- The mayor's gerjeant carried the great 
mace (still in use) ; and three small maees were carried by the 
bailiff's Serjeant, the portreeve's, and the customer's serjeants- 
This was one of them. Auother, as it is believed, esista in private 
hands. — Mr. ITamphr^»j Chichester. 



MUSECU AT CniCHESTER. — 1853, 315 

Ancient globular lantern, of horn set in a light frame of metal, 
emigaed with a royal crown, and carried on a pole ; it i» one of the 




MTTSEUM AT CniCBESTETt. — 1863. 



315 



Ancicut (■lobular lantern, of horn set in & light frame of metal, 

'~Lguejl witb a royal crowu, and carried on a |>ole; it ia one of the 

ie luntinariea which accomjianicd the luayor at night through 

3 streets of Chichefiter. This, n-hich measorca niorc than two feet 

diameter, was the municipal moon, and followed in the procca- 

>n i the sun was rather larger, and took the lead. lu winter the 

Ji and moon were in attendance at the gates of the choir, at the 

ose of evening serricej to eseort the mnyor through tlie nave on 

Ls aecustomed visit to the bishop, at the palace adjoining the 

athedral. Large horn lanterns of this fashion were carried in old 

imes before the coaches of distinguished persons, when travelling 

it Tiight, or returning from late festivities. Two "moons" are 

preserved at Knowle, which were thus uacd by tte Earl of Dorset 

early in the seventeenth century, and other examples cxiat la old 

Gouutry houses- — Mr.Mason^ Chichester. 

Medieval Armour and Antu, ^c. 

A spear-hcad of iron, found in the valley of St. Clair^ where the 
victory of Crecy vas won by the troops of Edward 111 over the 
army of Philip de Valois, August 2Cth, 1346. Given to Henry 
Cowen, Esq, 73d Regt. in 1815. Length, twelve inches; greatest 
breadth of blade, one inch and an eighth. — A miniature brass dag, 
sixteenth century, a toy for a child; length, three inches and three 
quarters. — An iron thumb-acrew, said to be a rclique of the Spanish 
Armada^ — A small stecl-roweUed spur, ingeniously contrived to be 
atlixed to a shoe, by mcan^ of a small plate, litting over the heel- 
leather, and a screw to make all tight* — Drawings of the ancient 
ordnance taken up by Mesra. Dcanc at Spithend in 183G; — a gun 
formed of ireii bars, welded together, and secured by iron hoops ; it 
was fised in a solid bed of elni ; length of the gun, nine feet six 
iuchca ; it wfLs loaded with a stone shut -j also tno brass gnne (rom 
the wreck of the Mary Rote; one made in 1535, by Robert and 
John Owyn; and a 32-poundcr from the wreck of the Royal 
George. These aketebca were sent by Mr. James Powell, of Porte- 
mouth, a few days after the discovery, and he stated that Govemmcut 
had ordered the immediate removid of the guns to London, — Mr, 
H. }V. Fre^hnd. 

A leng'sklrted hauberk of chain-mail, found in the vaults f 
eastle near Tiispruek, with several wcapona, a mattel dejf^ 
has long sleeves, and the edges both of the sleeves ft' 



SIC 



ABCn^OLOOtOAL INBTITCTE 



finiBbed witli a rou of brass rings. Every row of Hugs 
is rivGU:d and welded. At the neck is attaclied a tiat brass rin^, otil 
which is stamped 4< fiaUS ■ - -i probably the name of tie makei- 
It is wroaj^lit with remarkable skill, and is in |>crfect preeervatioa 
Date^ fifteenth cciiturj, — An iron onDi of Italian workuiaoaliipa. „ 



date about 1420, and conBtmctcd with great ingeniiity to supply the 
loss of the left hand, (See noticca of other objects of this kind,^ 
Arch. Journai^ vol \, p.B-i,) An Italian fencer's target, of wi)odJ 
covered with red leather; it has a book in ihmt for suspension to- 




tho guard of the sword* Bate, sixteenth oeohiry. This is the 
tarfffx di puffvo of the Italian writers on the art of Uefencp. 
Dimensions, eleven inebeB by ten iiicbea, A cirnilar targpt, once 
the property of Edwnrd f.'oiirtenay, ereatrfl Earl of Devon by Mary 
in 1553. It baa the original velvet lining, find bears the mott<^— ' 
t/bi lapsiis, fjrtidffcL An Italian sntldle, sixteenth century, covcrofl 
with red velvet, and a Mameluke saddle, with holsters, hc-iul^tall, and 
breastplate of ailver-gilt, red velvet housing, &c-, aitd iron stirnipa- 
Also a pair of pistols in the holsters, with the locks, barrels, and 




MUSEUM AT cinc«E6TEa, — 1853, 



317 



stoclts wholly covered with silver plakr, tlic whole forming a flplendid 
display of oriental e<iuipmeat. — An ancient Turkish praying-carpet 
of velvet, richly embroidered with gold- — The Hon^ Roiert Cur;ron, 
Jun., Parham Park^ 

Iron arrow-lieada, phcous^ javelin-headB^ and forked heads, pro- 
bably for crosabow bolts; foaud in exc&vatioDs at Cirencester. — 
Proft»sor Burkirtan. 

A cap-a-pi^ suit of armour of gigantic aize, from the collection of 
the Graf Obiers von Barfus, in Rheniah Prusraa. The brea;9tplatc 
is globoBC, and has las makia engraved npon it; tht? gorget has a 
large chain engraved round it, and the lasj^eta, which are each in 
one piece, are abo engraved. The width round the shoulders of 
this suit is four feet tivo inches; the weigtit, 631b. IJatc about 
1470. — A siut of kuight's armour tj\iin S|jHiUj witli all the additional 
pieces for the tournament. The tilting helmet is screwed on to the 
breastplate, bo ua to render the head perfectly immoveable, — A 
circular Bteel Hliicld, having a piatol In the c^iLtrCj with a small 
grating over it. The pistol loads at the breech and fires with a 
ni»Lchlock, This \rad described as one of thirty-seven shitilda 
which were in the Tower of London in 1483, when Kicbard III 
caused an inventory of the stores to be taken. From the collection 
at Uplands, Hants. —Mr. Jubn Beardmore. 

He;idpiecc from the fuuerul achievcmont placed over the tomb 
of the iirst Lord Montague, ia Cowdray Chnreb, Susses. He died 
in 1592. This helmet was thrown aside duriag the "restoration" 
of Oie church.— S»> SihUdd B. Scott, Bart. 

Headpiece with triplo-l>arred defence for the face; such as waa 
worn by the hnrgobusiera in 10-1-3. Compare ISkclton's Goodrich 
Court Anncry, pL 42, figs, 4, 5. — A Spanish powder-flask, formed 
of the horn of an ox, on which is carved, with emblems of the 
Passion and other devices, the repreaentation of a bnll-fight. It is 
inscribed— ME lao Sebastian homero. From the late Dr. Notf a 
collection. — A silver-mounted couteau de cha^ite, with handle of 
mother-o' -pearl. — Mr, Charles Dorritn. 

Armour and arms of Tanons periods, comprising two maces, temp, 
Henry VII, one embossed and engraved ; a mace, sixteenth century, 
the head of open work, the handle spirally worked ; and a mazutlU^ 
temp. Edward VI- A ponderous hewlpiece from Florence, sup- 
posed to hare been used for torture ; and a curious aecretiim, or privy 
skullcap of steel, ingeuiously hinged together, so as to fold up mid 






1 1^^ 



be carried about Ihe person, ready for an cracrgency- (See 
cut.) Bridle-bits, siiurs, several broad-swords, aeventeenlli ctm 
one of tbcm with a flamboyant blade, from Old ^\'oodstock Hoos^ 
temp. Charles II; a baugcr, or hunting-sword, ttmp. Jatnes I, tht 

blade etched, the hilt of 
oxidised steol fretted and 
studded with silver, — A 
German hunting-hatclicl, 
for britt ling or cutting up 
Ihi! stag. The blade ia 
ctclif^d on both aides, the 
fiubjecta being tLc stjig >t 
bay,9peared by tbchuiiWir, 
and a gcatlcED&n and Udy 
conversing; with o 
moji inscri^tioa, and 
date 1675. {Arch. Jottm. 
voLviii, p. 93,] A powder- 
flask of hard wood, inlaid in circles and atuds^ with ivorj^ and brtM. 
A powder meaj^nreof oicidiaed steel, inlaid with silver. Pim^hiued 
at Jaffa.— Afr- TV. J. Bemhnrd Smith. 

Painiings, JVorks of Arif TopographicGt Drawings^ PfanM, ^tT 

Two early productions of Italian art, pamlings in temjtera, on' 
panel — the Nativity, and the Presentation in the Temple, Tliry 
are works of the Florentine school, early fifteenth centnry, and 
have Ijccn attributed to Liica Signorclli, who painted the Fall of J 
the Aiigcls, and other works, at Orvieto. Possibly they axe modi*' 
ficationa of the compositions of Gaddi.— T^e Rev. H. Mitchett, Vicar 
of Bosham, 

Two ancient paintinga from "the Queeu'a Room," Amberley 
Castle, Sussex, an ancient residence of the Bishops of Chichester^ 
built by Bishop Ucde alxmt 1377. A large upper chamber or hall, 
part of the buildings erected by Robert Shcrbom, Bishop of Chi- 
chester 1508-36, displays some curious decorations of that time- 
On the upper panels of the wainscot were painted, in tempera, % 
series of female half-leugth figures ia miHtary cosinme, holduig 
escutcheons. The^e paintings, supposed to represent the Sibyla, or 
to he impersonations of certain foreign towns, &c.j have been atlxi- 
butcd to Theodore Bernardl, a painter of Amsterdanij who came to 



MUSEUM AT CHICHESTER. 1B53. 



319 



Efi gland, it fs stated, in 1519, ami pointed two large piphxrea in 
Chichester Cathedral, as al*o the portraits of the bishops. Sic. Ten 
of the figvires at Amberley remain; the head-dressea, details of 
armour, kc, arc very curious. One of these Amazona bears a bow 
and arrow* The escutchcona, of tho form termed a bouche, are 
charged with the following bearings : — 1. Or, a crowned lion ram- 
pant regardant, between three hearts. 2. Arg. a lion rampant 8a. 
3. Gu. tlirce female heads* 4, Gw. three female heads, on a bor- 
dure or, twelve (?) hearts .tm. 5. Gu. three female heads, impaling 
cz. twelve billets or, 6, Or, a lion rampant parti az. and gu., on vox 
eacuteheon over all, gu. three female heads, 7» Az. ten hawks' 
hella or^ on a bordure gu.^ eight {?) female heads. 8. Gu. three 
thrones or. On oae of the panels are the initials R. S, in the span- 
driUj probably for Robert Sherborn. — Tht Rev.Leveson Vermn 
Harcourtj by kind permission of the Bishop. 

An interesting portrait on panelj fifteenth century, representing 
a middle-^^ed lady, in picturesque costume, especially the head- 
dress, formed with numerous lappets over a coverchief ; the barbc 
covers her chin; her gown ia of criraaon, her mantle of eloth of 
gold. Over the head is inBcribed—^lijatJCHj liofuf EJclSoljrSinf. 
It is probably EU^ubctb, heiress of the Emperor Sigismond, Kin g 
of Bohemia, She espoused, io 1422, the Emperor Aibert, King of 
Bohemia iu her right, and after his death she gave birth to Ladis- 
las, who succeeded oa King of Bohemia, She died in 1447, The 
painting measures fourteen iaehce and a half by ton inches and a 
half.— JV/r*. Giibert, The Palace, Chichester. 

Fainting by Albert Durcr. The Virgin and Infant Saviour ; 
two nngck on the wijig above hold a rich crown over the head of 
the Virgin : a landscape fills the background. The subject thus 
treated waa engraved by Durer; bnt the Virgin wears a coronal of 
flowcra on her head, which does not ocrciir iu the painting. Pur- 
chased from the late Lord Mulgrave'a Collection. — Sir William 
Knighton, Bart. 

Portrait of a young lady, in remarkable coslnmc, sLxtecnlh 
century. She has a black ailk faille with lace edging tlirown over 
her head; a falling raff, ycllow-starclied; her gown is whitCj with 
hands of black lace, and embroidered with pierced and flaming 
hearts, wcepin;^ eyes, coronets, Sec. On panel, supposed to be by 
Sabastian Riccl, who resided some years in England. It wa:4 pur- 
cliaaed at the entrance lodge to Halnaker Park, and probably had 




belonged to the Cauntess of Derby, wlio resided there, and ciied 
1752.— T^Ae Re}\ Charles Alcock. ' 

Painting by an unknown artiat, sixteenth ceatnry, representing 
the Court of AVarde and Liveries, Lord Burghley presiding; he 
was ma><t4!r of the Court from the beginning of the reign of Klizabeth 
till his death, 1598. The Court was in Wefttmimter Hall, bthiuil 
the Court of Chancery ; the precise position is well shown in S anil- 
ford's plan, given in the Coronation uj James JI^ page 103. TTii* 
curious memorial waa eugraved by Vcrtue in 1747^ for the Society 
of Antiquaries, and given in Vttitaia Monum^, voLi, with a detailed 
description and account of the persons of note whose portmita 
occur in the picture. The costume and all the accessories sre 
finished with much care : over Burgliley*s bend appear the ro; 
arms, with the dragon and greyhound as supporters- The pain 
is described as being executed on a large skio of parchment, nearly 
a yard square, — A small painting, said to represent Crotnwell in bis 
quarters the night before t}ie battle of Nnsehy ; he is in a baflT coat 
and slfiuched hat, smoking and drinkiog. Supposed to hare been 
painted by CSeneral Lambert, whose performancea in art, especi^y 
in representing flowers, arc mentioned by Walpole. He was a 
great cncourf^crorart, and his son, John Lambert, painted portraits. 
It ia possible that this little painting may be by his hand. — A re- 
markable miniature portrait of Charles 1I> in ffOJiache, said to be 
by Cooper. Another portrait of the king, mounted on a tortoise- 
shell snuff-box : it is executed in pencil (or pen and ink ?) with 
extraordinary delicacy ; and may be the work of Daenckarts, a 
painter and engraver who produced several portraits of Charles II, 
especially one formerly at Strawberry Hill, in whieh the Court 
gardener appears presenting to the king the lirst pineapple groim 
in this country, — Portrait of Ninon de TEncIos, probably after 
Mignard. Her name is written on the back, with Ibc following note: 
— ''Donn^ par elle m^meiVillarceaux aon amantcnl664; a^ 
do 42 ana, Morte le 17 5bre, 170fi, agee de 90 ans 5 mois." — ^Two 
engravings of the " Darnlcy Picture," engraved ]>y Vertue for^the 
Society of Aati*iiiariea; the original, found iu thcCafitte of Aubiga^j 
in France, may still be seen at Goodwood, and a duplicate^ not 
however idontical in all particulars, is in the Royal CoUecliun at 
Windsor Caatlc.^" — His Grace the IhtAc of Richviond. 






odlt. DvlUvr*}, roL i, p. a06. ilio pLotun 






MUSEtM AT CmCOESTEft, 1863, 



S21 



Plan of the circular intrencliDient on St. Roche's Hill, commonly 
called Rook's Hill, about a mile froui Goodwood. This sun'cy was 
made probably iibout 1700^ aud it fthowa the position of a ruined 
building of which the traces have nearly disappeared. The area of 
the camp is about five acres. See a representation of it by the late 
Mr. T. King, in Maeou'B Goodwood, p, 173. — Hut Grace the Drtkn 0/ 
Richmond* 

Plati of the cireidar intrenchment in Ilayliug Island, known &s 
Tunor-bury (area about aeven acres aud a half); from actu.1l sur- 
vey aud measuremeat speeially made on occasiou of the mectiug 
of the Institute. This fortress, which appears to have heeu noticed 
only in the History of the Iluitiired 0/ Ba.'n/iere, pnvalcly printed, 
is situated in a position very judiciously chosen, originally sur- 
rounded on thi-cc sides by tidal inlctA, on the western aide of the 
great cetuary vhicli forms Chichester Harbour. It is supposed to 
be a Sason work. — T/m Rev, C Hardy, Vicar of Hai/lrny, 

Colonxcd drawing, representing the tessclatcd pavement found 
in 1850 at Uplynic, Devon. The design comprises guillochcs of 
blue, red, aud white tesaeraa^ lotus-leiLvcs, and a central compart- 
ment of remarkable design, composeil of four intersecting eireles 
with a hexagon in the centre. Sec an account of the discovery, 
ArchtBoL Jourti. vol xi, p. 49. — The Rev. G. Tucker, Rector of 
Miiabury. 

Unpublished engraving, representing the remains of one of the 
Roman gates of Chichester (aEGNVM), from a sketch iji the Burrell 
ColleetiouB, British Museum, A more finished drawing by Grimm 
exists in the Bodleian, amongst Cough's Collection*?,— '*Tbeeaat aide 
of the west gate," drawn 1782. Also an unpublished ctclung, tliree 
Roman inscriptions found at Chichester; one of them, found iu a 
cellar in Eaj^t Street, at the corner of St. Martin's Lane, is a tablet 
dedicated to Nero (ligurcd in Camden, cd, Gough, vol. i, plate xy, 
p, :i77) ; another, found in 1 823 in North Street, is the lower portion 
of an altar dedicated by Lucullus, son of Amminus; the third ia a 
votive tablet to Jupiter, dedicated by C. Sallnstius LucuUus, pro- 
pnctor of Britain after the recall of Agiicola, "pro salute Imp, Csea. 
Domitiani Aug.*'— rAe Rev. B. R. Perkins. 

Eight coloured tracings of mural paintings discovered on the cjv^t 
wall of St.Olavc'a Church, Chichester, during rcpaira in 1851. The 
priacipal feature was a band of painting which comprised thirteen 
compartments, cont^ning figures of saiiitSj and in the centre the 

VIII, 41 



sas 



ARCn^BOLOaiCAL INSTITUTE 



Coroiuitiou of the Virgin. The figures measure about fifteen inchea 
iu height* These and other mura) decoration* fouod at the aame 
time are rcj>reacutcd iu Susxej: Arvh* CoU, vol- V, pag« 213, with a 
dctttilcd account of the diacovcry- The paintings may be assigood^j 
to the thirteeuth century. — Mr.Bcatson. ^H 




Drawing represent- 
ing the vertical dial 
on the south side of 
Bi«hopatone Church, 
Su^seXj placed over the 
«o-caUed SaxoQ poreh. 
It bears the name of 
EA E>Ric, possibly the 
maker, (See an ac- 
count of the church, 
Sfi^ser Arch, CoU. vol. 
II, p, 272; and of the 
dial, Arch, Journal.yoL 
xi, p.6O0 Similar ver- 
tical dials of early date 
cxistat KirWdale,York- 
ahire, and at the neigh- 
bouring church of Great 
Edstone, The latter, 
figured in Dr» Youiig'a 
Hi3(. of IVhitby, vol. ii, 
p. 747, bears, like that 
at Dishopstonej the 
name of the maker.^^ 
Mr. IV. Ftgg, Lewes. 



4 

4 
4 



I 



Engraving by Basire from the painting of the Siege of Boulogne 
by Henry YIII, in 1544. Publifihed by the Society of A-utiquaries 
with four other engravings from historical paintings, all of which 
were at Cowdray, Susses, and were destroyed by fire, 25 Sept. 1739. 
— Also a letter from Lord Montague, dated, Sept. 178-^, ^ving 
the Society permission to copy the painting of the Proccaaion of 
Kdward VIj at Cowdray, but no other without leave. — Sir Slbbald _ 
D. Scott, Bart. H 

Two drawings ehowiag the east and west ends of the choir of^^ 
Chichester Cathedral, previously to the altcratious made about 1829, 



MUSEUM AT CmCHESTElt. 1853. 



323 



aud before the painting vaa ohliteraled from the ceilings; also a 
view of the west end of the nave. — Mr. Joseph BnU^^r. 

Plan of the coikveutual cLurch and buildings of Beaulieu Abbey, 
HampshirGj showing the results of recent excavations. — The Rev. F, 
Baker. 

Drawing of a sculptured tablet found in 1844uuder the pavement 
at Rnstin^on Church, Suasex, by the Vicar, Ibe Rev. J. C. Green. 
The design, much defaced, appears to have been a cniciiis. To one 
limb of the eross is suspended a scourge, to the other a rod ; on the 
dexter aide waa a female figure kneelijig at a desk, with three children 
behind her ; on the other side, a man in armour and a tabard, with 
Lis flona behind him, Datej Bixtcentb century; dimensions, two 
feet eight inches by two feet four inches. It may be a memorial of 
one of the Dawtrey family (De Alta Ripa], who held the manor of 
Preston iu the parl»li of Rustiugton, — Miss Anttalan G. Atkymf. 

View of Chichester Croaa, a paintiug executed about 1790 by 
William Pcther, the ekilful mcKKotinto engraver, who appear* to 
have been in flomo manner connected with Chichester, or to have 
pnreued his art there. In 1765 he painted a^d engraved the por- 
traits of the three brothers Smith, painter* of eonaidcrable note, 
natives of Chieheater, — Mr. /f, W. Duddea, Chichester. 

Model of Chichester Cross. — Mr. II. W. FrefJand. 

Coloured drawing by the late Thomas King, a talented artifit and 
antiquary of Chichester, representing the maral paintiug iu the 
Bishop's Chapel at Chichester, discovered in 1829, The subject is 
the Virgin and infant Saviour, a work of the thirteenth century- 
An engraring was published by Mr. King-^* — Mr. T. IViir/iskurst, 
Chichester. 

Fifteen drawings, representing esamples of domestic architecture 
in Sussex. They comprised views of Bramblctye HousCj and of the 
vaults; Paxbill, in the parish of Lindficld, the ancient residence of 
the Board family [Siissej: Arch. Call vol. VI, p. 197) ; Wakehurst 
Place, built by Sir Edward Culpeper, 151)0, and its pictnresqne 
hall; Gravctye House; Bolcbrake, the residence of the Sackvillcs, 
and originally the seat of the Dalyngmdgea, it la one of the earliest 
brick buildings in llie county; Langhton Place, built h^j^-l, a re- 
markable example of brickwork (dcsLTibed, Stisstx Arch. CvltecCwJis, 



" Thtft anr] ol.h.T yiJiiablB andquaiian 
plali* bj tlw late TLouiiA Kbg were ptu^ 



ohesttir, from tthom unpKaBioaa moj be 



324 



A ftCH.f:0 LOGICAL [NSTinTTS 



vol. VIIj p. 64) ; Slaugham Place, the seat of the Covert family; 
East Mascalls, iu the purish of Lindlield. — Mn. DavieM. 

TJirec water-colour drawijige^ represenring WakeLurst Place aod 
Slaugham Pliicc, Su&sex, — Mrs*Biuanw. 

PciitftjLiQ ufdrawiugs, illustrative of Sussex typography Bt>d a&tt* 
quitica : — Roman toweta and reniniiis cicavatmi nt Pcveiiaey C*»lic ; 
Roman villa discovered at Eaatbourae; artrliitectutal subjects 
ancient houaes, &c> at tlofltings; grt'at hall, refectory, crypt^ &c. 
Battle Abbey ; Battle Church, its mural [»aiutiage and arcliitectural 
features; Stcyniiigj Wistoii Hall, Cowdray and iU mural paiiitiug^; 
li iiratmoDCcaux Castle^ Shulbrod Pnory,aud niiu^l paiatiugs; ali^cr 
numerous anciont remains found during the rebuilding of Londou 
Bridge.— iWv\ »; H. Brooke. 

Model of the ancient palace of tlie Archbishops of Canterbury, 
Mayfield Place, S\is8ct. It represents a section of the buildings, 
showing the " Queen's Chamber " and more modem portions of the 
residence, iThereia Queen Elizabeth was entertained by Sir Thoinas 
Grcf'liam. This model wsls cut ^ith a knife from a solid slab of oak, 
and was the work of several years. Although not to be regarded a* 
minutely accurate, it ia not without interest, hanng been executed 
on the sjjot some years since, and the progress of decay having 
adranced rapidly since that time. See Areh. Joum, vol. x, p.76;{ 
and the account of Mayficld, Sa^sex Arch. ColL vol. II, p. !^L— ] 
Mr. H. GreeUf Knutsford. 

Illuminated MS. Ilorce, fifteenth century, French art. — T7oodcul»1 
of the siUecnth century, representing achievements of the Emperor 
Mfljtimihan. — Maps of the counties of England and Wales, hy 
Cbristuphcr Siiston, dated 1575-79; the latter date occurs on the 
title with a curious portrait of Ebeabcth, to whom the work eecnu 
to have been dedicated. — Sir J. C. Clarke -JeiToise, Bart^ 

Three illuminated service books, fourteenth century, firomi 
Gordt>n Cnstle* A MS. French poem, fourteenth oeutury, " Le 
Songe du Pelerinage de Vie Humaine;'' with numerous outline . 
drawings esccntc*! with the pen, and of curious character. A fins] 
copy of the iclinographies, " IJrbium precipuamm totius mundi," 
&c,, by George Eraiin, presented hy llcnry Rauzoviua in 1590 ti>l 
James VI, King of Scots. The costumes introduced on the plates 
are interesting; amongst the views v-aloaMe to the English auti*J 
quary is that of Canterbury. — Tli€ Duke of BicfiiHOJid. 
Coloured tracing from a mural painting disco\«red in St. Johu'i 



MUSEUM AT CHICHESTER. 1853. 



825 



Cliurcli, Winchester. It represents St. FranciB, Figured, Journal 
Arch. Assoc, vol. \x, p. 8. — Painted glass of Early English character 
Irom the same church, acut by permission of the incumbout and 
churchwardens. — T/ie Rev. W. IL Ghujut- 

Drawing of a singular cruciform oninmcut, inlaid on the oak 
commnnion-table at Kcston, Kent. — The Riv. C. Hardy, 

Yqwt amall paiLtings relating to legends of the Virgin, and mira- 
culous intcrpositioua» Possibly executed iu Spain, or in Sonth 
Ajucrica. Described as from Mailing Abbey, KcDt. llieir date is 
later than tlic Reformation. ^The Rev. H. J. Ritsh, Jan. 

An oval miniature, sixteenth century ; a (gentleman about thirty 
yeai"9 of age ; he nppearis in a richly trimmed shirt open at the neck j 
with his left haud he holds a jewelled medallion suspeuLled to a 
chaiu roiuid his ueck. The ^hol^ backgrpunEl appeal^ iji Sauies- 
— A miniature, the portraitj assappoaed, of Ferdinand 11, Emperor 
of Germany, IGIO. — A crystal rcliquoiy, worn about the neck; it 
contains two miniatures — the Yirpiu on one aide, St. Mary Mag- 
dalene on tlio other. Small reliqiree are ect round the enameUcd 
frame, French art. These objects were formerly, as auppoaed, in 
the peaseasion of the Courtenay family at Powderliam Castle. — Mr. 
IV. Cottrtetiatj Mnrlnnd. 

Series of dra;riugs illustrative of the ancient hunting-eeat of the 
Emperor Fi-ederic 11, 'X'astel del Monte," near Ardria, in Apidia. 
See Arch. Jotmt. vol. xi, p. 65. — 77ie Hon. W, Fooi Slranfprays. 

Matrices and Impressions cf Medieval Seats. 

Collection of Sussex seals: — Casts of the seals of the Sussex 
Cinque Porta, which have been fully described by Mr. M, A, Lower, 
Sunsej^ Arch, CofL, vol. I, page 14. (See the accompanying plateaO 
No.l, Commonseal of the Port of Hastings. Obv. aahip, bearing 
banners of the rojal arms and those of the porta, apparently running 
down an enemy's vessel, which is about to founder; a mailed head 
amidst the waves seems U\ he the representative of the discomfited 
crew. Rev,, St. ■Vlichacl oTcrcomiug the dragon. — No. 2. Rye- Obv> 
a ship with banners of the cross of St^ George. Rev. a church 
within an embattled wall, probably St, Mary's, Rye: in the centre 
is a tinner anil spire, under which, as iu a niche, appear the Yii'gin 
and infant Saviour. The legend ia the angelical salulation. — No. 3, 
Seaford, An eagie rising on the wing, with ita Lead tm^ied back. 
^A'lth this is used aa a couutcrecal a matrix of much later date. 



326 



ARCHfiOLOOlCAL ISSTITUTB 



uucd 

"4 



probaWy made in 15-14, when acha^rterwaA granted by Hcnrv 
It dispUja a thpee-mastod ship, and the legend^ with sv-TTo^■(^, 
cnvKCiTox, Sutton aud Chintiag were townships withiu the j 
diction of Seaford- — No. 4. Pc\-enBey- Obv. a ship, a most curiooi 
example, Dcarly identical iK itii dct^iU with the seal of Wiudielaea, 
hut of nide execution. Rev. two ships, in one of them an epiacopd 
figure, probably St Nicholas, patron saint of matiucra and of ibf 
church of Pevensey, — No, 5, Wmchclsca, Obv, a ship. Tttf 
CDUUtcraeal ia a very rich design, apparently representing a church i 
it is an arcEule in which appear St. Giles (t^c« repeated) and ihe 
Martyrdom of St. Thomas of Canterbury: the two chief churclie* 
iu AVinchctsea beiug dedicated to those saiata. The couutersed 
now used is a modem imitation of the original, said to have been 
stolen during au electioneering squabble, and to be still retained 
hy an inhabitant of WiucLelsea. The figure here given has 
engraved from an impression of the original. The Legend 
Leouine distich — ^ egidio: tqome: lavdvm : flebs: canti 
p(ro)me: ne: sit: in: angaria Gaex: svvs : akne: via- 
interpretation of theae lines has been much discussed; see Ihtr. 
Lower's translation, Stigse^ CoU.y vol. I, p, 24. Also the seats of the 
chief oilicers of the five Suascs ports. (Sec plate.) — No. G, The 
Ma^or of llostiuga, a seal of the timea of Elizabeth, by whom the 
bailiff of that to^m was elevated to the miiyoralty : it deserves notice 
that oil this Bcal the armia of the porta are given incorrectly, the 
juidiUc lion not being dimidiated ; and the eamc error appoors on 
the smftll modern seal actually used as the town seal. — No. 7, Rye. 
No, 8. The bailiff of Seaford ; the vagle here again appears, hut in 
more usual heraldic form. — No. 9, The Portreeve of Pevensey ; 
matrix is now in the |H>sse3sion of luigo Thomas, Esq- The dcsi 
is curious : upon a diapered ground are two ostrich feathers uudefj 
a coronet, described by Mr. Lower as the badge of the duchy 
Lancaster, Pevensey having been granted to John of Gauul bf 
Edward 111 in 1370, The aealis however of a later period. The 
legend deserves notice,— S: tt^ CllStum, SclU of. tf|C. pcrte, 
cf, ^^CTflfiC. The letter S* here found in the place of an initial 
cross is probably to be referred to tie livery of the Duke of Lan*^- 
caater,thecollarof SS.— No. 10, The Mayor of \Viuchelsea.—TheB^M| 
eeals had been imi)crfectly described, and a few of them engravod^^ 
by Boys, in lis Hilton/ of Sandivich}'- — Seals of Lcwea Priory {see 

" Cnsli from an; of thi'U 9i<aU, ba d^o bo obtainaJ ffom Ur.Befldj, Ko.3, 0t 
thOM of the JCoDUilj Cmquc Purtfl, tnsy Uotolph'B Lane, Cdioluridga. 




te^ai 



MUflEUM AT CHICnE3TEIl, 1853. 



827 



the accompanyTiiy: plates), of which a full description is given hy 
MnlJlaauvv in Suitsex Arch. Cofl., vol, IIj p. 20: — No. 1. Common 
seal of the priory and convent. It had been imagined tliat the 
obverse, A», had been made fifty or sixty years later than the revenue, 
and that the design portrayed the grant by Eichard 11 of the lord- 
ehip of Lewca and patronage of the priory to Thomas Mowbray, 
Earl of Nottingbam, in J3U7. This supposition however, to which 
an erroneous reading of the legend acroaa the seal had given some 
conntcuanec, namely, IFarienale instead of Martiriak decu.f^ seems 
to he incorrect.^* The two portions of the seal seem to be of the 
same date, the obverse representing the Martyrdom of St. Fancras, 
and in the tabernacle work above, Diocletian, who ordered him to 
be hIiuh j the reverse displaying the patron saints of tJ»e priory, the 
Virgin, St. Peter, St. Pancras, and St. Paul. As a valuable sup- 
plement to thcac Susacs seals, a plate is here ^vcn, engraved from 
dra^Tuiga by Howtctt, in tJio collection of the late Mr, Calcy; 
repreEcntinjj, No, 2, the seal of John (Gain or de Janitura?) prior 
of Lcwea in 13-13; No, 3, the seal and countereeal of Stephca, 
prior in 1218;^* and No, 4, the more ancient conventual seal, 
representing the Martyrdom of St. Pancras. — Mr, R. Ready. 

The upper moiety of a brass seal of Bo^grave Priory, Siisscn, 
preserved amongst the muniments at GoodwoOfl, aa part of the 
evideaeea relating to the lands once belonging to that monastery, and 
now in the pcascssionofthe Duke of Richmond, The seal, of pointed 
oral formj represented the Virgin seated with the infant Saviour; 
a star of sis points appears on each aide of the figure, of which the 
upper part remains. ITiere is no eauopy, nor any other ornament 
in the field of the seal. The following letters of the legend remain; 
ij< sioill' : SA, — and the termination of the name of the Priory — 
(iRAVA ; The matrix is neatly bisected, and the edge carefully 
pubshed off. It might be supposed that some division of the 
possessions of the religious house took place after the Dissolution, 
and that a moiety of the seal accompanied either series of title- 
deeds. The seal is of larger dimensions, and wholly different to 
that of which an impression is preserved at Carlton Bide, attached 
to a conventual lease, 24 Henry VIII. '^ — Matrix of pewter or 

■^ ^iwaes Arck. Colt., to). Ill, p. 202. nsl, Sfffih/mi dc li=i, uid the^eur if^ Tyt 

Clompnru the priticiam* in OenC- J/oy., vns Koaaidnn^l alluBiT^ to hia ninDfl, de 

fol- JlUU, V-B. p. 503. Lit. Till.- imiDt: uim, lionerur be rvad — 

'* In SwiKJ! Arch. ColL, vol. 11, p. 19, II'*i, for Umi or ifc'iry. 

U WW propoiwi to miJ oo tto coimtar- ^ Mufuut. A*gt. edit. Oiicy, toL r. 



MUSEUM AT CHICHESTER- 1853. 



329 



^^SN 




them, as of otbor digditarica^ and a siroilar [privilege appears origi- 
nally to have belonged to the suli-dcanciy of Cliicheetcr, In the 
Vnhr Ecclesiasturus, temjt. Henry Vlll, vol, i, p. "296, the '* Firma 
parochie sub-diaconatus Ciecstr.'' may be foundj giving a de- 
acriptioii of the lands and the amount of rental. The seal, of 
pointed ovaJ form, meoaurea one inch and a 
tjuarter by four-fifths of an inch; it bears the 
li;gcnd^ *a' svbd£cani cickstrie. In the upper 
part appears a dcini-figure of St. Pcterj the patron 
saint of the cathedral; and below is a derai- 
figurc of an ecclesiastic, whose lianda are raised 
in supplication. The matrix ia in the pofises- 
BJon of the Bcv, Thomas Mozlcy, wlio was rector 
of Cholderton at the time of its discovery. 
Impression from the seal of James I, for writs 
of the Court of Common Pleas (pro Brevibus coram Jasticiariie). 
Dark hro^m wax. — Impression from t>ie seal of Richard Montague, 
bishop of Chichoater 1 fi28, translated to Norwich in 1638: pointed 
oval ; it displays a figure in armour of pseud o -classical eharacter, 
bearing an oval shield charged witli a lion rampant, not his heraldic 
l»caring. ^ sigillvm, ricardi. movntagv. episcopi. cicebtren. 
The matrix was fouiid amoogBt old nsetal. — The Chichester Philo- 
mphival Society. 

Silver matrix of the town seal of Chichester : it is of pointed oval 
form; the device is an eagle with wings raised and holding a flair 
de lys in its beak. In the field is a flaming star of eight rajs. — 
>J* BioiLLVM. civivM. cicKSTBiE. Fouptccnth ccutnry.^* — Oval silver 
seal of St. Mary^a Hospital, Chichester j an escutcheon of the arms 
of the city (Arg^ guttfe de pois, on a chief indented ^/c* a lion 
passanfguardant or.) ^the seale. op. the. wardenb^of- the. nos- 
piTALL. OF. ST. MARIES. IN. CHiCHESTftE. On tliG rcvcrse tlicrc IS a 
handle, and the arms of Chichester, as before, engraved with the 
name — Gulielmus Stamper Maior^ Anno Demiiu 1657. Dimen- 
sions, three inches by two inches and a quarter. — There is also a 
more modern seal of tlie city, of which an impression was exhibited ; 
the matrix is circular; diameter three inches and cjuartcrj the device 
la an embattled gateway, with three turrets j the portcullla appears 
in the gate, and over it an escutcheon of the city arms, aa before : 

Of thia floJolhcTflwlh of Chic^esior, King, of which impwspiona may bo par- 

rlinftcd ffftm Mp- W, lliijlpj MiMrt. 



n plato VM ongmvod bj the Intu Mf. T 



VIII. 



43 



MUSEUM AT CHICUEfilEE, — 1853. 



331 



» 



work over her head is a demi-figure with milrc and croaier, the 
hand raised in benediction; and below ia a like demi-figure, the 
hands joined in aupptication. Ou the dester Btde of this last is an 
escutcheon chargt^d irith tno ke^s in soltire ; and on the sinifitcr side 
an escntcheon with three hands :—Si5illum IXobtrtf EpM. aSt(n= 
ciS^ {'t) The name of the ace hiis not bcca deciphered: it may be read, 
ValU'HcU or PasctJisis. It has he suggested that tlic seal may have 
becu used by ilobert Ejiiscopwt Gradei^slt, who occurs amongat the 
chot't^pineopi, sufira^na of Norwich, 1426-46^ in Wharton's list, — 
Mr. E. W. JohnJton^ Chapter Clerk. 

ImprceBion from the oHicial seal of the Peculiar of the Archbiahop 
of Canterbury at Lewes, Pointed, oralj sisteenth century. The 
device is an angel, seen full faeCj wings upraised; under the feet 
are the word a — piat ivstitia, and over the head — rvat c^rlvm. 
Around the margin — sigil. FftAV. aingsted, ll, bacc, pecv. ivh, 
CANT. IN. COMIT. svsseXh C0MI3S. — Mr. W. Figp^ F.S.A,, Lcwts. 

The origiual matrix of the conventual seal of Southwick Priory, 
Hanta, the moat complicated and remarkable example of ita clasa io 
this country. Its curious conatructiou aud the mode of adapting the 
various parts of the matrix have been explained by Sir F. Madden, 
with representatioua of every part, Archwoloijia, vol. xsiii, p. 371, It 
has been preserved with the title-deeds relating to the lands formerly 
lK)saesflcd by the monastery. — Mr.J.Bonhnm Carter. 

Sulphur casts, chiefly from personal scals^ part of the large col- 
lecttoua foimed by the late Mr. Calcy. Amongst them are the privy 
seal of Philippiij Quecu of Englaudj described as fi'om the matrix; 
seals of Kicliard, Earl of Arundel, 45 Edw. Ill ; llumphiey, Earl 
of Hereford, 45 Edw. Ill; Ilcnry Percy, 4o Edw. Ill; Hugh 
Courtenay, Earlof DcvoUj 9 Henry V; Richard, Duke of Ciloucester, 
as Admiral of Englaud, from a matrix iu possession of Rev» James 
Parken, Bainpton, Devon j and the first great beal of Ueury VIU, 
hciug the samt which had been used t. Henry Vllj with a di&tiiicfcivc 
addition, Al&o original impressions of the great scala of Henry III 
and llcniy IV. — Mr. It. A. C. Aifstvti, 

Braas matrix of the acal of Richard Clitherowe^ admiral for the 
west coasts, oppoint^id 7 Henry IV^ 1106, Purchased from the 
Strawberry Hill collection. Wolpolc'a Desc^'iption ^f Strajcberr// 
Hill, page Gb—Tiie Rev, Df. Biiss. 

A small steel seal, engraved by Simon, Tlie impress is the 
severed head of Sir Hairy Vane, beheaded June \A-, 1C62. — Mr. J. 
Hendtrson. 



MUSEUM AT C£IICHESTER. — 1853. 



333 



Wisby, iu the inland of Gottlandj in the Baltic. They compriBe ais 
large brass seals of guilds anciently eiieting in that town, which 
was iL place of extfusive commerce in medieval times. The tevcnth, 
a small pcrBouul seal of Bilvcr, bciug that of Brother Gerard uf 
Gottluiidj of tbe DoaunicaiL order^ waa accidentally obtained m 
Caadia by a Wisby trader, who received it in part payment for a 
freight of copper. These seals arc described and figured, Arch, 
jQum. vol. xii, p, 256.^7^ fltff , F. SptirreiL 

Four small brass matrieea of seals, fourteenth century. A bird 
Hying, ^ puiVE sv. A ship, the mainiiad furled, a': willelmi: 
cftowK. A fleur de ly9, ■{< cRani: fehenti, A bird with a branch 
in the beak, * svm binr dolo. Also a seal of the fifteenth century, 
two birds on a foliated »tera. — Imprraaions from the great seals of 
Elizabeth, James I, Charles I, George 11, and George III; seal of 
the Court of Augmentations^ ttfinp. Henry VIII, and E_\che*jucr 
seal, tenip. Elizabeth. Imprcssionof the seal of the Nabob of Arcot, 
appended to a letter addressed to George III \ it ia on red wax, 
diameter Hve inches; there is no dewe, only an inscription in 
oriental character.— iV/r. H. IV. Freelajid. 

A small hexagonal brasa seal, fourteenth century; the device 
ia a ship, with sail furled,—^ r' ovill' coitehel. ObtsJneil at 
Lyrane, Kent. — Brass signet rings, fifteenth century: one of them 
with a merchant's mark ; on another are the initials R.M. united by 
a true-love knot. Impressions of the seal of Henry IV for writs 
of the Court of Common Pleas, " pro brcvibus coram justicimiis ;" 
(lai'k grceii wax ; of the ofheial seal of the bailiflfs of Komney Marsh ; 
the device is a church, and beneath is a blank eecutcheon. Legend 
— EOMNY. MARSH. Eograved in Boys' Hisi. of Sandwtc/i, plaie of 
seals at p» 809, llg, 7. Tlic matrix, described as of ivory, is stated to 
l>e lost. — Also au impression from a round matrix, fumid in 180G at 
11^ the, three feet dci!p, in forming the Military Canal. It beara an 
escutcheon charged with four fusils in fceae, and between their 
points, both in chief oJid in base, arc thi'cc bezants. — * s. dks. 
cunthak; m: g: decuevi^ione. Four tecuth century. This is tUo 
bcariug of a family in Brittany, thus given by FaUiot — -" Cheveigne 
en BretagDCjdc sable Jl quatre fuaeea mise en fasee d'or, occompog- 
necs do six besans de mesme." Science dea Arfioiriei, p. 677. — 
Mr. WUliam JJilh, Museum, Chichoster, 

\xoi\ matrJA, a seal of ouc of the Dukes of Richmond and Lennox. 
'Hie shield is sinrouuded by a garter. It has not Iweu ascertaiued. 



334 



ARCa^OLOOlCAl. iNSTITtTB 



wlii-tticr it were tlie seal of Lodovick Stuart, created IMte c/ hA- 
mond in 1G:23; James Stuart, created duke in 1641, or Cliiib 
Stuart, wlio died ia 1672, All of these were kniglitB of tlu GirUT 
Tfaoseal is oval; quarterly, 1 and 4, Aubignjr; 3 andS^Sounfll 
Damlcy; oq a surtout Lennox, AVithout cre«t or mi^m tni;! 
ducal coronnt U placed above the garter. — J/r. A. JV. Ftai^ 

« Leaden matruE, found dtuiii^ i?piin 
ofStockbur>' Ciiureh, Keiit: di£« Ilu^ 
tecnth century. The device is % &}«« 
or star, {See woodcut.) * s'lLii ni 

WtLLELMI FASWIKIM. (Xr>til»d lOOft 

fiillj^ in Arch. Journal, roh x, jxSW,— 
Mr. H, Hit$gey. 

Impresfiion from a leadeu waiy d 
|)oiuted oval form, found in IS&I luir 
tlie northern entrance of the Bano 
cnclofiure at Fcvcn»cy Castle. The ttrar 
iaacresceut and star; the legend ^aimu'. 
MATiLu'. DLosii. It lias not been aver 
tained whether ebc was of the saraf fumjr 
as Stephen dc ISlos, who occurs early in the 
thinei^nth eeutury as a trader to Percnsey. 
SiUisex Arch. Coit. Toh V, p, 205.— Ifr 
Mark Antony Lmotr, F.S.A, 

Impression from a 5Cnl found QQthesili 
of the Cistercian monastery of Pipewcfl, 
Noi^haraptoushirei It la of pointed otiI 
form; the ilcvite ia a ^cw/- dtr i^s. — if*'. 
will'i. cviTavoL'. DC FifiT. The la^t wuid 
uncertain. — Mr. Eihvirrd iiichardjton. 
Impre^ioQ from a braea mntrix found ia the pariah of Anjbcrlev, 
Sussex, and now iu the possession of Mr. W.Duke, at Chichesler- 
It bears an csrutcheou of these arms, — on a bend a mullet pierced; 
over the shield a helm with a plume of five feathers as a ercat. Sup- 
poricrsj two wodewesca or wild men. — 5, ioljan gQTItOn. fatr, 
fifteenth century h — TTie Rtt\ G, A* Ciarkson, I'lcar of AtHbeHry. 

Autor^raph Letters, Original Docuttmits^ ifc, 

Collectiou of roynl nutographa, coinprieing letters of Mary Queen 
of 8cota, James, 1, Charles I, Charles II, James 11 and Lis Queen, 




MUSEUM AT CHICHESTER, — 1853, 



335 



Quecu AnjiG, and correspondence on affairs of statCj chiefly in the 
earlier pnrt of the lost ccutury ; a contemporary narrative of the 
Porteotia riots in Edinburgh, and miscellaneous historical papers from 
Gordon Castle. A eiirions letter from Voltaire to the Duke of Rich- 
mond, in English, alhidiog to Lis having sent a presentation copy of 
his fikfory of Sweden, aud introducing his old freind M. Tiriot to 
the Dukc- An autograph bill and recfflpt, by Angelica Kauffmaii, 
for pictures painted for the l>ukc of Gordon — Ulysses and Calypso, 
-^81; Venus, ^€26. 5s.; a portrait of the Duke, Jtc. — His Grace the 
Duke of Hichmond. 

Collection of royal autographs, comprising olograph letters of 
Hcury VIII, King of Euglaud j Elizabeth, Mary Queen of Scots^ 
Charles 1, the Emperor Charles V; Joho, King of France, written 
(luring hia captivity in England (135G-13C0; thi» letter la oid^ signed 
by the king); Francis 1, Henry 111, Henry IV, and Louis XIV, kings 
of France, and Catherine dc Mcdicia. The letter of Henry VIII, 
nddrcBsed to Anne Boleyn, wne formerlyj it is believed, in the col- 
lection at the Vatican; it was published, but imperfectly, in the 
HtiTlfian Mhcellany, vol. ui, p. 60. The letter of John King of 
France ia an autograph of the greatest rarity, none lieing presenTd 
in the NatioaaJ Collections, either in France or England. It is ad- 
dressed to his son Charles, Duke of Normandy, who succeeded as 
Charles VI, and relates to "nostre ame et feal chevalier secretaire 
maistre Pierre tie Lnbatut. — Donne il Windesores le xxvj. joiir de 
Novembre." Froissart relates, that about July 1357, the captive 
king and his suite were established at Windsor, and had liberty to 
hunt and take his pleasure there. The period of his residence at 
Windsor is not known. In 1395 the King was imprisoned in Hert- 
ford Castle, and removed thence to Somerton, Lincolnshire. Sec 
tlic oljscrvations hy M. Douct-d'Atcq, in his notes on the Roll of 
Exiienses of King John, Complt» de rArf/entcrte tits Eois de France^ 
p. 279.— -Ifr. P. (yCQllayhan. 

Three documents: — The d(ipH?ate copy of a grant by Henry VITI, 
of the manors of Kingston and Wyke, Sussex, late part of the pos- 
session of TcwkflburyAhhcj^ to Robert Palmer, merchant of Loudon. 
Dated 20 Oct. 32 Heary VIII (15 10).— Probate of the will of Allan 
Wyatt, of Houghton, Sussex, yeoman^ Jan. 6, 1593. — The Earl of 
Arundel and Surrey to Richard Evelyn, Esq- : — " Defeazance of a 
bargain and sale inrolled in Cane, of the moiety of the manors of 
Meeehiug aud Brighthclmatone in Suasex." 15 Dec. S4 Car. I, 




.^3« 



ARClLtOLOOlCAL INSTITUTE 



1(U8. Sigurd bv tlic Earl, Sir Kichard Onslow, and Sir WiiliiO! 
Plartcm^Jfr,// JV.Fretland. 

The will of Sir Da^Hd Owen, natural son of Owen Tmlor, irlo 
married Queon Catterine, tJie vidow of Henry V. A jiarcUmiiit 
roll of four ebcets and a lialf, signed on each sheet by iho tcetnl<T, 
and dated 20 Feb. 1529. There arc numerous intei-lincationf aiiJ 
enisVirpB, and it appears to bave been superseded by a wHll of lattr 
date {proved 13 May, 1542), of which a eopy exiat» at Doctors' 
Comtnotis. Sir David married the heiress of Cowdrav, !\ran, 
daughter and coheiress of Sir John Bofaun, of Midburst^ and riwrk 
long iu Sussex, llis torab and effigy exist in Easebome Chnreli, 
SiLimej: Arch, Coll. vol. VII, p, 22, where tlua will is published at 
leugth. — Book of Orders and Rules established by Anthoov, seo^ud 
Viscount Montague of Cowdray, for the better direetiou and govern- 
anco of Ilia household, with the duties of his officers and servants. 
Dated 1595. This remarkable iOustration of domestic manner* in 
old times has been edited by Sir Sibbald D. Scott, Bartn, for the 
Sussex Arch, Coil vol. VU, p^ 272. These valuable documcotf 
were probably saved from the fire at Cowdray, 25 Sept. 1703,— 
Mr. Aiexander Jiroicn, Easehornt Priory, 

Two parish registers, being those of Ilayling Northwood, in the 
Island of Haylmg, Hants; one of the volumes con) prises the period 
from 1571 to 1C49, the other from 1653 to 1723,— T^e Rev. CharUt 
Hardy, Vtcur of Haylmtj. 

Original application, bigncd by Charles I, addressed to WiUiaui 
Knight^ of Strcete, llanipsbire, demanding subsidy money tu the 
amouitt of £20 by way of loan, "or the value thereof in pUtVp 
toncht plate at five ehillings, untoucht plate at foure shilUugv 
fourc pence, per oimce." Given at the Court at Oxford, 14 Feb> 
1CI3, by the advice of the memhcra of both Houses assembled 
Oxfordn — The Hamjishire Museum, IVinchester. 

Blank commission from Prince Charles, as Captain-Ocni 
the Forces, to levy a regiment of foot in Sussex, nominating 
bearer Colonel of the same; dated 24th Charles I, the la^t of hia 
reign. It bears the autograph of the Prince. — Hie Earl of Sheffieitf^ 

County Boll or Register of the Gentry and Ma^istrftte* of Susspi 
who took the oath of allegiance to the Uouae of Hanover on the 
accession of George II, in H27- It is remarkable that some per- 
sons of note iu the county make their cross marks, at the side qf 
wliich the names are recorded.— Sir Sibbald D. Scott, Bart. 



nblcd^^ 




MUfiEDM AT CH1CHE8TZR. 1853. 



Arabic MS. the Life of Mahomet, a MS, written at Medina, 
and " Makaniat el Hariri ;" the Koran, a tine specimen of Kuasian 
typography; the Coafession of Augaburgh, 1549, with notes in the 
handwriting of Mclancthou, and a woodcut portrait of Frederic of 
Sasonyj Luther's Trans littion of the New Testament, printed in his 
lifetime by Hana Lufft at Wittenberg; al&o a volume of fac- 
aimilca of autographs of the Reformers, — Mr. H. W^ Frecland. 

Sepulchral Brasses, Pavement Tiies, Architectural OmariWHts. 

Collection of rubbings from sepulchral bntaaea (effigies) existing 
in llampahire. The memorials of this kind in that county arc 
comparatively httle known, and have been carefully coUeetMl by 
Mr. K, Ubadell> of Portsmouth, who haa also met with many ioscrip- 
tious on metal, without elTigiea. Bauhiu Brocaa, aud Lis siebcr 
Margaret, date about 1325, Sherhoom, — Two male effigies, date 
al>out 1325j King's Sombourne. — John de Campedcn, 1383, St, 
CroB3, WiDchcater; also a priest, unknowa, and Thomae LawuC| 
1518.— Thomaa Ailwaid, 1413^ liav ant,— Robert Warham and 
Elizabeth hie wife, 1487, Church Oakley; the parents of Arch- 
bishop Warliam. — Bernard Brocas, 1483 ; Sir John Brocaa, 1492, 
Sherboum. — A gentleman and Ha wife, date about 1470 ; an effigy 
ill armour, with aii children, 15(X)j a female figare with eight 
children ; an effigy in civil coatume, i~ Hen. ^^II ; and Margaretta 
Pye, IfiSG, a corpse shrouded, Odiham. — Richard Carter anti hia 
wife Alys, 1529, Bramley. — John White, Esq., in armour, 1548, and 
Kateryne bis wife, 1567, Soutbwick, — A female effigy, with three 
children, Alton.— Raffe Smalpage, 1568, Warhlington,— 3fr, R. H. 
a Ubsdeil. 

Rubbing from a aepulchral slab in Piayden Church, near Rye, 
Suascx. The casks, with the erosaed mash-stick aad fork which 
appear upon it, indicate that it is the memorial of a brewer; and 
the inscription in Flemish has been read thus, — 3BiCr id btgtabl 
erornclis Soctmanns biht bocr 6c jitU ; i.e., " Here is interred 
Cornelius Zoctmann, prjiy for the soul/' The same formala request- 
ing prayers for the dead occurs on tombs at Bruges and other Bel- 
gian towns. Dale, fifteenth century, Mr. Nesbitt brought before 
the Archxological Inatitute, in 1H50, this and another riemish slab 
in All Saints' Church, Haatings^ and observed that the material is 
a hard blue-grey marble, not the common Sussex marble, but the 
carbooiferoua limestone of the hills near Liege, and of the banks of 

Till. 43 



^38 



A BC 11 -EO LOGICAL IN'STITCTE 



Mr. 



tlie Mcusc, This evidence of imjiortatioii of sepulchral slabs frtim 
Flanders dcscr\ca notice. [^rcA, Jbarrt«/, toU rii, p, 289.) — Mr* 
Mark Antony Lower, F.S.A, 

Rubbing in colours JVoiu the brass of Richnrd Wantcle, nesx 
eaat end of tlic eoutli aisle in AralKrlcy Churcli> Saaacx. Ho 6iid 
in 1 12 1. Tbo arms on the tabard — Vi^tf tlirce lions faced Arg^^ liare 
boon descril>od as enamelled, but the colour appears to be some hard 
paste, not vitrified. Engraved by Stolhard, 3/ontim. Effiffies^ p. 
— The Hei\ G. A. Clarkson. 

Three decorative ptivement tilen, examples of French mannfaetnrcv 
early in the sixteenth century, and supposed to have been riadc at 
Ncufcb^tcl, in Normandy. They occur frequently at Rouco and 
other parls of that province, but arc Tcry rare in England. The 
designs are imprcsBed on the clay, which is very compact and well 
burnt ; a bright transparent coloured ^laae, of which numerous 
varieties occur in France, was laid over the work, and, the colour 
appearing more fidl and dark in the hoUowa, shows the design rery 
eilcetively. These lilea are of Renaissance character; they Trere 
found on the site of an old mansion at Keymer, in the parish of 
Marcafield, Sussex, (Presented to the British Museum,) — TJtcB^. 
E. Turner. ^ 

Decorative pavenient tile, of the same French manufacture. It^| 
had formed part of the pavement near the altar in Hurst Pier|ioint 
Church- — T/te Rev. Carey Borrer. 

Inscribed pavement tile, the design in slight relief, found in tin 
Church of Beac^hamwell, T^Torfolk- Probably manufactured at Baw- 
aey, near Lynn. It bears the inscription, -\- Orate pro anima rn, ^J 
Nich'ide Stowe, Ticaril Nicholais de Stowewa;8 vicar of Snettisham,^| 
Norfolk, in 1-350, and it is jirobablc that tlic tiles were originally '■ 
fabricated to form a memorial in the pavemcat . 
of the church where he wna intcnxd. Sitnilarj 
tiles have been found at Nortii Crcakc, Stanhoc, I 
and Ca&tle Acre. See a notice by the lUrv. J. [ 
Lee Warner, Norfolk Arch, vol. i, page 373. — I 
Mr. A. IV. Fravk3. 

Ten decorative pavement tiles, from Side- 
hurst Church, Sussex, Date, fourteonth century. Amongst tlie 
designs arc a fimr de ftfs, the Cliristian emblem of a fish, the fox 
and goose, also some heraldic bearings, a cheeky coat (Warren ?), and 
a tile of elaborate work charged with four escutchcone — 1, Cheeky;] 







M[J5£CM AT CU1CJ1K3T£B< 1853. 



331) 



2, Fretty, probably the coat of Etcliingbam ; 3^ tbre^ bars, in 
chief three escallops (Bajoua ?), s. coat which occurs with those of 
Etcliiiigham and Colepepcr on theweat porch of Solehurat Church, 
and amon^t the remains of Robert abridge Abbey, in that pariBh; 
4, three chevTona, Lewknor, — 7'he Rev, J. G- tVrejich, LL.D., Vicar 
of SalehiiTitt. 

A detx)rati\"e brick, probably of Flemish manufacture, with the 
head of the Emperor Charles V in proiile, moulded in higli relief; 
it was found in 1800, with several others, in pulling dovn the party 
wall of some old houses ia Tower Street, Loudon, See a notice of 
another piece of moulded tena-cotta, with the head of Charles V, 
foimd in Loudon, -^/-f/^/oa/Vi.voL li, p. 286» — Mr, l\Hart, I^rf/ale. 

Casts from decorative brickwork at Laughtou Place, Sussex, re- 
built by Sir William Pelbam in 153-1. An account of this curious 
mansion is given, Sussea: Arch* Coil. vol. VII, p. 228. A complete 
model of one of the windows was eshiblted, and a cast from a block 
of glazed brick, bearing the IVlham hml^^G of the buckle and the date 
of the building. — Mr. B/aauw, 




340 



ARCH^Ol.OGICAL INSTITCTE 



Tlic coUcctiona vhich have bc€n described were, by the fci 
jiermissioQ of the Council of the Chicheat^ Philosophical Society 
aiid Mechanics' Institute, arranged in their great Meeting Koom, 
at t1i€ Mu&eum in South Street. An citensiiTe collection of rub- 
bings &om sepulchral brawcs and Incited alabs euating in GennauTr 
Poland, France, and Belgium, the result of the indefatigable rcsr-nrch 
of Wr» Alcsander Ncabitt, having been kindiy brought for eilnbi- 
tioDj for whichj owing to their large dimensions, space was inade- 
quate, a supplementary Museum wae formed, by pemusaion of the 
Mayor and Cor]>oralion, at the GuilJhiLll in the Priory Park, the 
ancient Chnpel of the Grey Friflrs, foundt^d in the reign of Heu. Ill, 
near the Korth Gate, In this building those interesting forwgn 
bmssed, of whicJi tho entire sories had never before been exhibited, 
were arranged by Mr. Neabitt, according to the following dnnno* 
lo^cal liftt. 



Sf'jmlchraf Braases and Incised Slab9 existing on the Comihm^ 



I 



>litre-H 



Bamberg, in BaTaria; Cathedral.— Otho> Bishop of Bamberg, «*^j 
1 192. Incised slab with an efligy, described Arch. Joum, voL i^^| 
p. 190. ^^ 

Lnon, in France ; Temple Church. — A chaplain of the order of the 
Temple, ob. 1268, Incised alabj a cross fiory without an efligj. 
Described Arch. Joum. vol. ix, p, 383. 

St. Quentin, in France; Collegiate Church, — Dame Mehuia Pat 
iote, ofi. 1272. Incised slab with effigy. Described w4rcA.J( 
vol ix, p. 383. 

Liibei-k, North Germany ; Cathedral, — Burkhardj Bishop of Liibeck, 
ob. 1317, Brass plate, on which ia represented also Bishop 
■Tohannea de Mill, ob. 1350. Described Arch.Jmrn. vol ut, 
p. 291. A representation of this rich memorial of two prelatei 
of the eee of Liibeck ia given by Dr- Deccke in his Denhnulen 
tfer bitdeade KHiiSte in Liibtckj with engravings also of portion^ 
full si^e. 

Mtau^f in France; Cathedral. — Jcban Hose, citizen of Meaux^ 
t^fl. 1328j and his wife, oi, 1307, Described and figured Arch, 
Joum. vol, iij p. 384, Ineiacd slab, the cfiigies of white stone 
or alabaster inlaid on a dark-coloured stone, 

Schn^erin, in North Germany ; Cathedral. — Lndolph von Bulow, 
BiMiop op Schwerin, ob. 1339. BrasSn 



4 



MUSEUM AT CHICHESTKB,-^1853. 



341 



Paderharny in Prussian WeatphaliR ; Cathc<lral — Beniliard von 

Lippe, Bishop of Padcrborn, ob. 1310» Described Anh. Joum. 

TohiXj p,201. Bra^. 
Schwerin; Cathedral, — Heinrich von Bulow, Bishop of Schwerin, 

ob. 1347, Braes. 
LUieck ; Cathedraln — Henry Bockholt, Bishop of Liibeck, ob, 1347. 

Arch. Joum. vol. ii, p, 202. Brass. 
Lubeck; Cathedral. Johannes dcMUI, Bishop of Liibeck, oA, 1350. 

(See tbe account of tbe brass of Bishop Burkhard, o^, 1317» 

supra.] 
Liibeck; St. Mary's. — A borgher of Liibeck, od. circa 1350, No 

inacriptioQ. Brass. Arch. Jfmrft, vol. i^tj p. 296. 
Paderbom; Cathedral. — Henry Spiegel v, Dessenberg, Bishop of 

Paderbom, ob, 1380, Arch, Jaum. vol. i\, p. 203, Brass. 
Paderbom ; Cathedral. — Bobertor Rupert, touof Robert William, 

Duke of Julich and Berg, Bishop of Paderbonij t>&. 1 SD'i, Arch, 

Joum. vol. is, p. 203. Brass. 
Bamberg ; Cathedral. — Lambert vou Broun, Bishop of Bamberg, 

ob. 1309. Figured Arch. Joum, vol. is, p, 204. Bntse^ half- 
length effigy- 
Gadebusch, Mecklenburg. — Helena of Brunswiek, second wife [in 

1396) of Albert, Duke of Meeklenburg and Kiug of Sweden, 

ob. circa 1400. Arch.Jimm^YolAx, p-2fH. BraHS. 
Poften, Prussian Poland ; Cathedral. — A canon of Posen, date earlier 

half of the fifteenth century. Arch. Journ. vol. x, p. 252, Braaa, 
Bruffe^^ Belgium ; Cathedral. — Maerthi heere van der EapeUe, ob. 

144i. Arch. Journ. To\.viif\}.J^9. Brass, effigy in armour. 
Breslau, Prussia; Cathedrd. — Peter of Nowagh, Bishop of Breslau, 

ob. 1 4'56. Arch. Joum, vol. xij p. 1 70. Brass, partly in very low 

relief. 
Liibcckj St, Katharine's Church. — John Lunehorch, burgomaster, 

ob. 1461, commemorating also another person of the same name, 

who died in 1 474, One effigy only. Arch. Journ. vol x, p. 16&. 

Brass. 
Bamberg^ Cathedral. — George, Count of Lowenfitcin, canon of Bam- 
berg, ob, 1464. Arch. Journ. vol. x, p. 1C8. Braes. 
Meissen, Saxony; Cathedral.— Frederick the Quiet, Duke of Saxony, 

ob. 1464. Arch. Joum. vol. s, p. 108. Brass. 
Naumlmrg, Saxony; Cathedral. — Theuderic von Buck enafort, Biabop 

of Kaumbur^, ob. 140G. Arch. Jtrurn. vol.x, p. 109. Bra!»s< 



313 



ARCHJOLOGICAX liNSTITVTB 



Bamberg ; Cathedral, — A person probably of the family of ScliciA 

Ton Limburg, and canon of Bamberg, ob, circa 1470. Figured 

Arch. Jfjam. vol. X, p. 103, Bra^. 
Vracuw; Poland; Domuii cans' Cli arch. — Jotn Korilcnflky, rfi^^o- 

of the Palatinate of Cracow, oi, 1471. Figured Arch. Jonrt^ 

voliU, p. 113. iDctscd slab- 
PoscTii Cathedral, — Lucas dc Gorta, Palatine of Posen, o^. 1475, 

Arch. Jtfum^ vol. Xj p. 249. Figured ia Count Raczyiiski'e Jfjjwni- 

nienia Ptltlkopohki. Brass, effigy in armour- 
Poten; CathoJm!. — Andrew Bninski, Bishop of Poaen, od. 147flL 

Ai'ch. Journ. vol. x, p. 250. Brass. 
Gneseti, Pnisaian Poland; Cathedral. — James Sienienski, An^hl; 

of Gaeacn, Primate of Polaad, ob. 14^0. Arch. Juurnol, Totj 

p,25L Brass. 
Breslau; Cathedral. — Rudolph, BUhop of Brealau, 06, 1482, At 

Joum. voLxi, p. 173. Brass, in very low relief, 
Posin; Cathedi"al. — Vriclis dc Gorka, Biahop of Poscn, o&, 14 

Arch, Joum. vol, x, p. 252. Brass. 
CorletnUe, Belg^uoi {actually ia tbc Museum of Economic Geology 

in London). — Lodewyc Corteville, ob. 1504, and his wife. Brass. 
Cracow,' Cathedral. — Frederick, sixth son of Caaimir IV, King of 

Poland, Cardinal Archbishop of Gneaen and Bishop of Cracow, 
oit. 1503. Memorial placed in 1510 by his brother Sigismui 

King of Poland. Arch. Joum. vol. li, p. l?!- Brass, 
Erfurt; Catbcdral, — Johan von Heriiigen, canon of Erfurt, eft. 

1505. Arch, Joum. vol. xi, p. 170. Brass. 
Afeistttn ; Cathedral. — Zdcna (Sidonia), daughter of George of Po 

diebrad, Kiug of Bohemia, and wife of Albert, Duke of Saxony, 

ob. 1510. ArcA. Jottrn. vol.xi, p. 290. Brass. 
Jii-it^ts, Belgium. — J. dc Lierherke, ob. 151B, and lis wife. Braaa!' 
Imou^ Franco i Cathedral. — Philippe Lifaans, canon of Laou, oh. 

15S2- Arch. Jout^i. vol. is, p. 381. Bt-oss, 
Laon; Temple Church. — Pierre Spifamc. Knight of the order of St 

John. One of the kaights present at Rhodes iu 1 522 ia so namod. 

Figured Arch. Joum, vol. ix, p. 114. Incised slab; a cross, haud 

issuing from clouds are crossed over it. 
Meissen; Cathedral. — Frederick, Duke of Saxony, ob. 1539. Br 
Liidnri ; Cathedral. — John Tydemau, Bishop of Liibeck, oA. 1561. 

Arch. Joro'n. vol.xi, p. 2tU. Brass. 
Lubcck; Marien-kirchc.— Gotthard v. Hoveln, oi. 1571, Brasa. 



MUBEtn* AT CHICHESTER. 1853. 



S43 



JTr. Ncabitt cshibitctl with these foreign mcmonalfi a rabbiug 
from tho sepulchral effigy incised or impresflcd on throe !aj*gc glazed 
tiles, ux Lingfield Church, Surrey, Afch. Journ. vol. vi, p» 177, 



4 t >M Jf » >aK \ 







344 ARCH^OLOGICAL INBTITCTR. 

Date, early sixteenth century. Each tile measures fifteen indies 
■qaare. The accompanying voodcut represents this ciuiona aepid* 
chral memorial, vhicb is of rude design; nothing of the same 
description appears hitherto to have been fbimd in England. 

A rubbing from a sepulchral slab of cast iron at Crowhurst, 
Surrey, a shrouded figure of Anne Forster (in orig. L for F), and 
small figures of her two sons and two daughters. The inscription 
records that she was daughter and heiress of Thomas Oayne^ord, 
and died in 1591< A casting &om the same mould (figores, in- 
scription, &c.} occurs on an iron chimney-back at Baynards, 
Ewhurst, with the royal arms, and date 1593 ; and it ia stated that 
others existed in the neighbonrhoodi Manning and Bray, Hi»t, 
qf Surrey, vol ii, p, 369, Crowhurst adjoins the boundaries of 
Sussex^ See Mr. M. A, Lower's notices of Sussex iron- works, and 
of sepulchral slabs of cast iron, Sussex Arch^eol. CoU, vol. IIj 
p. 199. 

Mr. Nesbitt exhibited also three rubbings from the embroidered 
altar-cloth in St. Mary's zur Wiese, at Soeat in Westphalia, Date 
circa 1350. Arch. Jou^i^ vol. ix, p. 188, 



INDEX TO VOL. VIIL 



Abrincu, WiUum d^ 160, a, 18 1 Oocilu, 
IGS. 

Aocoanti, A""^f^ ii> xii 

^Ik, 177. 

Aildrio^ Prior of Dureford, &0, 

Alard DvmiJ;, 1&4, a. ^; chMnUj, 212, 
213, 21V 

Amabjr, 272. 

Aimrngton^ 278- 

Aims of ScTwe, 1, 7- Wybame, 24j 
Hoew, 46 i Hoo, 106, 109, 12B» 126, 
127; Pelhun, 172; Oienbridge, 216, 
218; FiBiWB« Dacro, SS2; LondencjB, 
232 i Ifldd, 268 ; Lintott, 275, 276. 

BajhamAbbej, 72,81. 

Bear, Dr. John, 258, 259. 

Bwbett, Thomaa k, 162. 

Biobcbandoune, 184. 

Blatchiugtoii cburcb in ruiaa, 4, 13, 

Bobun of MidhuTDt, 64, 98. 

Bokkyng, 274- 

Bonjuffb Engliflb, 272. 

BorstaX 187, 188, 274. 

BMbam, 189—200; mQa»t«fT, 1B9, 190 ; 
Harold, 190; TiBitation by Bishop of 
Eiet*r, 191, 192 ; cbapebr, 192 ; pre- 
beads, 193, 194 ; loa» of eetaUfl, 196 
—197 ; documeatii, 198, 199, 200- 

Boh on Hoo tomb, 129 ; at Boborta bridge, 
141, 146, 176. 

BraoM, of Sedgowick, 35, 36 ; gronU to 
DurefordAbbej, 66,66i ofCheaworth, 
97, 103 ; tomb of Thomu, 99 i George, 
100; pedigns, 102, 103. 

BrGdo,2l3,2l7,218, 222, 

Broadwater, 38. 

Bromhill, 149, 152, 161. 

Bronze celt, »pear, urow-head, 268^ 

BnatbelmHtone, 68, Z63. 
Till, 



" Brjdflpatat," put, pwte, puwe, fro«e 
paait, 137—140. 

Bullejn, Sir Geoffry, 118 ; Sir William, 
127. 

BonctoD, 184, 185, 186. 

Buriton, 79. 

Burton, Dr, John's, Iter Suueii^nw, 2S0 
—265 ; his works, 251 ; joumoj fn>m 
Oxford to Btone Street, 254 ; Honhtira, 
255; Shennanbui7,256 ; Suftux maa- 
iier»i food, 256 ; dialect and singing, 
257 ; loDg legs, 256 ; <Ml\e and swine, 
259 ; Bquiros, 360 j joumoy in eart, 
260 ; olergy, 261 ; Lowes nos, iron- 
foimdrj, cAfltlc, 261, 262, 263^ Brigh- 
ton, 263 ; Shoraham, 261 ; Satmj, 265. 

Bjlogh, 43-87. 



C. 

Gamojs, Thomu Lord, 110; Balph de, 

15S. 
Candlo*, Pari*, 74; BUet, 75. 
C&BBBti, 17S. 179. 
CendweaJla, 17S,179. 
CeftltborgstoO, 184, 1S7. 
Cbaptere of FremoutrateEuiAn Order, 89, 

90. 
Chaucer, 188, 208. 
Cbesworth, 86, 37 ; search at, 37 ; arrest 

of Duke of Norfolk at, 37, 97, 98, 101. 
ChruEnatoTj, 137. 
Cokwley, 101. 
Companago, 74, □. 35, 164. 
CorhamptOQ church, 246. 
Corrodies, 74, 75. 
Corerfeus, 204, □. 8^ 
Crevequer, Bobert de, 160, n- 13- 
Curtiagbope, 154. 



D. 



Danny, 265. 
Diffinitio, 90. 



u 



346 



IXDEX. 



DausUt, John, B70. 

Dureford Abbe^^ 41—96 j order of Pre- 
monfltrpf 42 j Uenry da Hooe tho 
founder'4 fiimiLj, 44—49 i founded b^ 
fore 11G3, 49 i Trior Aildric, Abbot 
Boberl, GO ; gmnts by Hoctm, 53, 56 j 
•rchitecturol fnginiiiitA, &4| Bb; Abbot 
WtUiam, 57 ; Abbot VulcntLnfl, £8, 59, 
GO I Luar Uoubp, 53, 59 ^ tilM with 
coate of arms, 61 ; Abbot John, 62, 65, 
66; Tbluation in 1292, 69, 70; Abbot 
Oabort, 70 ; diapute with Prcmonslre, 
71.72,73; oorroJiwgraHtcd, 74,75,83; 
Abbot John, 74; Abbot Thomas, 76; 

Elundcrcd and buml, 73; taxofl for 
ibck Priacc'fl knighthood, 7H ; Abbot 
John fttto Eo, 78; John Ultinge. 80; 
Abbot Nichohia Bsldekjn?, 60 ; belk 
atnick hj lightnings 60 i Abbot Sir Jolin 
Ultjng, SO ; Abbot Walter, 82 j dw- 
tion of abbota, 82, 83, 61, 85 ; Abbot's 
■eal, 83, 86 ; Robert Kyppjng, 86 i 
Robert York, 86: his benodiclion bj' 
the biahop,88, 89 ; circuit of viftit at ion, 
91; BuprcmacjofrremonfllroaboliBhed, 
82; Abbot Sympaon'i embezElemen 1,92: 
Tir pie memorie, 94» 96 ; tiat of abbot^ 

Ealdwlf, grant bj, 184, 185. 

Schingham, IGl, n. 46; arma, 222, 223. 

Election of abbots, 82—85; cauacs vitia- 
ting, 86- 

Eu, Ahfia Counteea of, 147 ; Eart Heniy. 
148; K^l John, 149i EarlRalpb, 149. 
150; CounU-«a Alicia, 140, 

Erertitmea, 73, 91- 

Eictor, ViaitalioQ of Boshniu by Biehop 
of, 191, 1U;J. IDS. 19y, 20U. 

F. 

Famfold, 132, 137. 140. 
FenKng brcih', 2<'Hi, ti. 11. 
Fcmnp, 184, 1S5, 187. 
Font of Wonfi clmrfli. 211. 
Ford*^ riac.', Urtdc, r^-^. 

G. 

Gage, Sir John, 10^ ; Jaim-P, 122 ; ^Vil- 
UniTi, 11^7 ; .Sir Wiltijin'e cojuh, 2G7. 

GflMlC^i liuliiwflll) -ifo, 

G^T:^^ml]l, Til'y, (15. 

Gl(n^^r^tr r, ;.'r,nili liv Hjirl? of, 55, itO. 

Gtx'villi', idiiis Ci^lii'-^y, liO, U>1 



H. 

Halden, 169, n. 63. 

Hereto^ of South SAXons; ISaldiil^ l7Si 
Nothbetm, Nuiii]% W*thna, Ounnnd, 
Brodila, Borhtwald, Eadbald, Eaiv, 
Aldfflf, ^thetbert, Oda<vZ«idfrid, 180, 
181, 18B, 1S3. 

Ilentaioncaiuic fwuily, 152. 

Herting, 49 ; cheese belouging to, 6E, 58, 
64,66. 

HocM family, 41 — 49; grants to Dnre- 
ford Abbc^, 49, 50, 56, 57, 66 ; anu 
on tile«, 61 ; Walter, 77 1 Nicholaa, S3. 

Hoo family, 97, 104 — 131 ; Sir Thomas, 
105 ; Sir William, liis e»1, 106 ; Tbo- 
mms log, 110 ; Tboaui^ Lord Hot), 
Chancellor of France^ HO— 118 r ba 
will, 119—121; arms, 122; Tbonai, 
122^ bmI, 126; tomb, 128,139; pedi- 
gree, 130- 

Hortham, tomba at, 100 ; town, 253. 

Hothiy, pillar piacinft at, 372, 

HoujiAold books, 278. 

HowBoljng tovdl, i37t n. 12. 

I. 

ISeld monumontfl, 267. 
Iron forge, 169. 

J. 

Jooelin, warder of Arundol, 51. 

K. 

Kyng-play, 133, d. 4. 
Kyng-ale, 134, n, 7 ; 136, n. 8. 
Kyppjng, Eobcrt, 84, 80. 

L. 

LangtOTJ, Biflhop of Ciiicbcster, 191, 192, 

200. 
Lazar House in Herting, 58, 59. 
Ltwca Priory, it j races and town, 261. 
Lcwknor, 127. 
I.ii'hgatc, 238. 

Li^ihts in Slivning church, 134, ti. 5, 135. 
LinTod, U, lit; fjiniilyj ui-mi*^ nanu-, 275 > 

BcniJii\l. tho bouk-i'lUr, L?7C, 277. 
Luutfoi'd family, grunts of, 151, 1G3. 

ai. 

Miililolo, 202. n. 5. 
Mfilliiii- Colh'gi' St'ol, 270- 
J!iiutiit,'», IW. 



JNDfiX, 



347 



Ifanu&l obedience^ &4. 

Mflplodurbua, 60, 62, 63, 65, 67, 68. 

M&rl at Belxy, 269. 

Miche, 74, n-36.7&. 

Mont ford, Simon do, 60. 

MoQumeutal elnb at Dur«ford, 94, 9G i at 

Robcrtabridgp, 172. 
Mortilogiiun, 81, □, 45. 



N. 



VoTtoa, Bull, 267. 
IfunV well, 40. 
If uUtode, 6C. ^ 

OrdiiiKicea of WinabelBOS 202, 203, 204, 

205. 
Oiue, ancient mouth of nrer, 273. 
Oxcnbridge family, 213—233 ; at Becklj, 

214; atWincheU«,216i Eobcrt,21fi; 
Thomas, 217 j Adam, 218; 3ir God- 
dord, 219; Thomas, 222; Eluabetb, 
224^ Sir Robert, 226 J Sir Eobert, 228 J 
hia funoml, 229, n. 68j pfldigiee, 230, 
231, 232, 

P. 

Fhltt, Qaeen Kathorine, £24, 225. 

Pedigrws— ScraBo, 14, 15, 16, 15*, 16* ; 
AVybame, 22; Huoa^, 44 ^ Braose, 
102; Koo, 130, 131j Oianbndge, 230, 
231, 232. 

Felham, Harberd, 209; fiunil/, 261- 

Pelirtt, 132. 133, 136. 

Pombroke, Mary CpantoBB, 168. 

Pemburv, Wjbamei of, 21. 

Perci, l!de.67- 

Piscina at E- Hothly, ii, 272. 

Plan of Sedflewick Ca^llt, 39 ; of Roberts- 
bridge Abbi^, 147 ; of Worlli church, 
2-41. 

Pleclrw, 165. 

Porchestcr, lead taken from, 67. 

Port, John dc, 52. 

PoBBJng worth, 152- 

PremoQi»tre, 42 -, its momuterie* m Eng- 
land, 43, 44, 90; difinut« vilh the 
English abbejH of its order, 71, 72,73 ; 
scflla, 73 ; taii-s, 81 ; chaptura of the 
order, 89, 90; BU£>rvmacT abolished, 
91, 92. 

B. 

Eicliard Redmoo, Abbot and Bishop, 81, 
86, 67 ; his cightcon qiicetioua on Tiei- 
tatioD, 87, 89. 

Bidder, for rolhcr, 205, n. 10. 



Robertsbrtd^ Abbey, 141—176 ; Bobert 
de 3. Martin, 142; seals, 143 j <T;pt, 
I4fi; cloister, 146; plan, 147; chapel, 
146, 15S ; benefactors ; Ck>unta of Eu, 
147—150; Lunsford, Ifil, 1&2; Hsnt- 
monmaux, 152, 163 ; Scotni, 153 ; 
Alard, 154; wal of AJureddoSt. Mar- 
tin, 156 ; lawAuitB, 157, 158 ; riot, 159 ; 
book belonging to, 159 ; eioctiooa, 160; 
Schingham, 161; receipts, 162, 163; 
oipensofl for three mouths, 164, 165, 
166 ; refectory, 16-4 ; recosa in, 166 ; 
rerrtal, 167; lijitof abbots, 170; abbob'a 
seaj, 171 ; nionumEMttal remains, 171, 
172; royal Tiaits, 173. 

BogaCe church, 56, 57, 94 ; mojior, 64- 

BomaOj road, 254; coins, i, 277, 

Buflh-stiok, 75. 

BnepoT, enamelled cup, brooch, Ac., i. 

S. 

St. Ooro, 108, 127. 

St. Leger, ThoKia*, QdSrej, 160 ; Williajn 
de Sokenerte, 151. 

St. Martin, Robert, Alured, 142, 147, 148, 
160, 152 J GefFry, 147. 

St. Omer, 109, 121. 

SaTagc fiunily, 33, 34. 

Scotney, 153. 

Scraee, family of, 1 — 16; br«M at Preston, 
8; Blatctungton church and manor- 
house, 5, 13; grant of creat in 1616^ 
motto, 7; villof JohnBcrase,8; monu- 
ments at St. Botolph\ 10 ; at Brighton, 
11 ; Quakers, 11 ; pedigree of Sc^rase of 
Biatdainglon, 14^ 16| of Withdewi, 16, 
15*; ofPyecombe, 16». 

Seals, of Prflmoaetre, 72,n. 27; of abbot*, 
83, 85 ; of Sir W. de Hoo, 106, 109 j 
Thomas Hoo, 126; RobtTtabridge Ab- 
bey, 143 i Alured de St. Martin, 156; 
Abbot of Bobertabridgi^ 171; South 
Mailing College', 270, 

Sedgewick 4!astlo, 31—40 ; hunting Hata 
at Verdly, Kncpp, Vetchery, Mares- 
fitfld; Suragea, lords ofBroEidwattr,33; 
Braos«:e, 35, 3G ; ChcsvortJi, 36, 37; 

Eark, 38; ground plan, 39; herring- 
one mi)sonT7, 40, 185. 
Selden, Uneage of John, 271. 
Selsey, 178, 180, 181, 183 ; marl, 269. 
Sliiploy reliquary, i, 
Slioreham, bribery at, 264. 
Sidney, 142, 1G8. 
Some, 203, □. 7. 

South Saxon chiefs, duj^rex-htreioffit,l7Q. 
Stanton Locj church, 2MJ. 
Stcjiiing ehuruhmardous* accounts, 132— 
140. 



34S 



INDEX- 



Stone Street, SfiS. 

Storrineton, coifis foond at, S77' 

fitimt Plnce, 269. 

fitjgPTOphU, 165, n. GI. 

Subiidy roll, 273, 274 ; Bokkjnft WtIc- 

Oiumbe, Bontdil, Godatodeks Lodeld ; 

Sutton, 156. 



T. 

TannTA trf half-o-pound of Inwiue, 51 ; bj 
ft pair of gilt bIiocs, 58, G3 ^ bj a pound 
OtwBXj 58; ono poimd of popper, and 
ft pair of white gloFn, 60 ; a vox candL?, 
60 ; ft roM in Juno, 64 1 by ft goshawk, 
66. 

Tludftmaa, 56. 

Ticcburtt, Wybftnw bnas found at^ ix, 
IT i pftiriso, £7 ; stftined glass, 29 i 
TDonumenti, 30. 

TiohSeld Abbey, 81, 83, 

Tiks found at Bureford A-bbty, 61 ; ftt 
Bobert»bridge Abbey, 173. 

Tributarii,l79, 180. 

Tappiu family, 6, n. B. 

Tynrhitt, Lady Elicabeth, her Book of 
Fnyars, 221, 225 j bymn, 225. 



Welbcck, Abbot of, B7, 89, 91. 

Wenham, privato chapel at, 62. 
Weston E, Joseph and Q«orge, hanged, 233. 
Wil&id, 178, 179, 189. 
Wills of John Scraae, 8; Agnc* Wybomc, 

23 i Thomaft Lord Hoo, 119; Oxen- 

bridgo, jroMtf*, 216—228. 



WincbolMft, notioos o^ 201 — 234 ^ crii' 
n&nocfl, t. Hen. VI, 202 — 205 ; pfocb' 
mation, 205, 206 ; jnij, 206 ; *hjmiia^ 
207, 208, 210, £11 ; gtOlows-fielet 207, 
HarberdPclliam,209; d«Cfty, 206, 211 j 
Alard chantry, 212, 213 ^ Oxenbiidge 
&may, 213—233; WeaUms executvl, 
233 ; mayors, members, bailiffs, 2M. 

Worth church, ix, 235 — 219 ; not mm' 
tioned in Donuvdaj, £36 ; free mrra 
exerdBed by Earts De Wuvnno, 236, 
237; liohgntc, 23S; church dtMoribed, 
23B i ptlutcrs on atepa, 239 ; doorvfty^ 
240; dioncd arch, 241 ; traoAepta, 241 1 
windows, 243 ; font, 244 i compand 
with Corbanaptou and Stftnton Laey, 
246; Dunham, 248; nroUblfl 4^ 
249. 

Worthing museum, cL 

Wybome, John, bnsa oH ir, 17 — 30 j 
macriptioj], 18; coetiune, 18; Bimihr 
to that of W. Da Eohinghftm ; hia pa- 
rentage, 21, 1^ 23; pedigreA and 
&mily, 22—26, 223, ZS^i pwTUft of 
Tioehurat chord), 27. 



T^ettuB ad ooronam, 3. 

Tiaitfttiono, queationa at, 67. 

Terdly Castlo, 32. 

Toten Ponte, Chapel de, 27S. 



r. 



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TiiOKUa SuauT, 1641- ISmo (^ fufiW <nt Abp. Lau*^, fovr very curwuw vuoJciU 

\ TaeflimLld of ihi vcrj nrt ori^iud fidilloo, irbich v>liJ it Bindky'a ulf ror £13, 

CARTW RIGHT. — Memoirt at the Life, Wriling^ ind MechBtiifal lurentionB of 
Eilmund Curtwrigbl, D^D,, F.n.t?,, inrnmior ^f tKa Pover ikiom, ^-u. Foat &To, 
ra-jracings, tdt, £*. SlA (oriffUat pfke 10*- tW.) 

T70R3tf AN-^— The Autobiogrnphy ind Pnrsonil Dlnrj of Dr. flimon Totnua, iho 
JL CeK-brotod Astrologer, 1552-1G02, from unpubiiplifld MS3. in tlio Afllmiolein Mu- 
scuro, Olfard. Edited bj J. O. UiLUWELL. STnaU -tlo, jeuvd. 5j. 

OnJf lEK) capin priviitclf firinted. IlinU rom a njmitaTiion Iq Dr. Dm*J Dj^f/, [iTintGd bf Uji Cuniln 
ftuclPtj, wbo ilw prlnttd U»j work but iJlerwtjai eQ]H]>rriicd it 

EtCHAKDSON, — Eitnwta &x>m tho Literary and Sciwitifio CoircflpondfTipe of 
EicLard HiLhardion, IT.D,, F.B.9,, of Brk^rlaj, VarksHre. EditijJ by Dawao!! 
TUUT^UUi Eaij. S'l*! pp- 530, pofCraH amd pfatei o/ lirlcrUg l£itilj clutA; 7*' Qd, 

'Hill iihTti^ Lumeiiinv vD^n in p, AQil rnnliunq mirh ^gliip^mli rpiktiu? It w* pnnLcil Tit Bfrtitlfl rir* 
Cii^'irms m&itrr r«p«cttn;i; Ihe &l&le biilI pEVirrrti of ntluibn iriilji lutUivfiiKiihct fSli4Cmix-T,«)r Eihlufl 
L'^ibmv if-i iiii-^y nt tLnt-.QU'itwt ojid OitMRit TjIfii- HalEv ihd AJEpici tkii^D faiuid Ujc<r WD* mro tiui tew 



\V Jomi. Cmlibe, Sir il. n*^y, tullod.^ir S 



Ibir tc,LiJ Great Gritvn.jLihii^ Ite flrtt Lulf of -.ho roltecl.oui 

T IFE, POETRY, AND LETTERS of EBENEZER ELLIOTT, 

-L* tho Corn Lflrt EhyimT (of ShoOleld)- EdiTod by !iia Sou-in-ljiw, Joujf Wiiuas, 
^t 9vo, c?oM^ {art inlfratinj toluau). St. (Originfil price 7*. 6^,) 

SCOTT. — EtItbcIs from tho Ldler-Coolc ofWiLLiiM ScoTT, Father of the LoHf 
Slowell and Eldoo, with Notes oil thor Family HJ&tory and PflJigrw, By M. A* 
JticnAnDaas, Tofl 8to, teved. iff, 6«/> 

ALCUIN OF BRITAIN — Tho Lifo of iJtTiln, the Lcanied Aiiglo a^on, sad 
-* *■ AjtibiusAdor from Kin^ OiTa, to tho EmpiTur Charl^-oiagruk By D, F. Loac*if. 
Tnmaloted by Sle^^ l2ino, pp. 230, tr^^i. 2j. {QrigiMlprUa G*.) 

TITESLEY. — NorraliTo of a Ecnurkablo TrtnsMtioti in \h^ Early Life of John 
^ " Wcibyt noTT fint printod from a MS. in the Bntiah Museuoin 8n}, ^nrnJ. £«. 

AT«rTCiirbilBlo^'ca(TBlrbL<ttTe<'u JW t^mt liia lAiuckHucri it rivti ncurloui iul^blEaLDtbo tBrlrccacuiiif 
of Ue BIfllbfliUl*. Itia cutirrl? uidnoi™ Id nil \feilcy'lWoBrBplicrf. ' 

rpHE CONNECTION OF WALES *ith the Eirty 3ci™«, of E^ffiMnd, 
-■' iJufllratcd in tho ilecioira of Dr. liobirt KtcorJ?, (Ijo jjr^t Writer on Aritliinrtic, 
Ocomeiry, Aalroriomy, dc-, in tJie EngJiali LangiLig?< By J, 0. 1LiuJWBLL> CtCi 
taced. Jit 







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John RtiaacU Smith, 36, Soho Sguart, London. 



ANALECTA ANGLO-SAXON ICA.^Belerrioni. in Pra« and Ve™, from 
■^*- Anjrlo-Saion Liliradire, with bd Introductory Elhnologicol fleanv, ani rfote% 
Criliwl mid Exrlfi^^tory, By f-OCia F, KupflTBiH, oTUifl UniTeraitj orGruueiu 8 thick 
Tula, post Bto» cloth. 11*. [original price 16*.) 



Imifiiiilju iHirh ii Diiu'ltr['i> ^ man: fi||i_v n\i\ivi- 

ruli:iL Jii^ilwUiL-b fuibdiLui nnt'c)i-[trli[ii:[]ii of wlioi 
lav <IaJy Ihink. auO f^-iih. imilwTklA. No Kitifii-fliqiKn. 
iJnTi'Iiirci, iliu^Lltef ]|,nLoruiL of Aogto-^jiiim, can 



havBft tbDnHj^hlfDrrK-Ctil^orbiiDiiniirLOfrirMaqiiK; 
vliilr thn Lanstunec iEt4:Lf, Iq uj nni^imit of llir lunar 
YnTualtlr 'lid IhTtt'^I^ii;; vorhfl prc*cr\iTil m i1, luar 
in tniiinuiUPti oE vorUi, ftEii-niciJi of upiLtiion, MUd 
gnuumalioiJ jifeckiLon, vie %\K\\ UiD iDQdcru (iirmuu 

TNTHOPUCTION TO ANGLO-SAXON UEADING j ^mj.riaiDj 

*- ^MrieA ITomilv or tlip Birtliiia}' of SL Gregorj, with a copifpUA GUi8f<iu7, i*L Bj 
I. LiSOLET, F-L-S." 13U10, 4'/&ifi, 2a. Grf. 

£]fncr'i W'tMt^y u rrmnrk'khlD Tcir thvul; of cwnpodtEoi, vid inUrcttio^ utctlmf TurUi Aa^ttu'i olHkB 
lA the " I -nail uf tbp An if lea-" 

A NGLO-SAXON \'ERSION OF TIIE LIFE OF ST. GUTHLAC, 

'^*' npnnit of Cmyland. rrintod, for the li«t tinie^ from n MS. in the Cottoninn 
tibrarj, witha Tninala'inu nnd Nuica. Dj CuABLBflWTCLiFFKQoouTriH, ILA,, FuUow 
of CathoriiLE^ HoU, Ounbridfp. ISmo, rf^^i, &f. 

ANGLO-SAXON LEGENDS OF ST. ANDREW AND ST, 

'^*- VERONICA, now first printed, with EngliBli tnmflliliottfl gn the opposite pnge. B/ 
0. W, G\ioa*iiv, M.A. Sto, #riffEi. U- Oci- 

A NGLO-SAXON VERSION OF THE IIEXAMERON OP ST, 

-**■ BASIL, nnd t.hfl Anglo-Sniou RfMnaios of St. Bci^il'fi AdmoTiifin ad Filiiim 
S|>iTiliuil^m ; non lint prinh-d {rom A1S3. Id tLe Bodleian Lilirarr, uitli h Tnm^iUon ftnd 
JJote*, Bj tLe Rev, IL W. Nohjhah, 8»u, flECO.xi* Eoitiom, e'uhir/rfd, Kteod. 'U. 

ANGLO-SAXON VERSION OF THE HOLY GOSPELS. 

"- Ed^lpd from tho origiuid US3. B; BettjauIs Tddofb, I^S.A- ¥oti ^^o, ciatA. 

A NGLO-SAXON VERSION OF THE STORY OF APOLLO- 

-^*- NirS OF TYBE i— upon tthich is fonndt'd tlie PLij of Peripl«, irttnbuted to 
8h;ikoRp«tro ;— from 4 MS., with nTnmslatiou and Glouary- -Bj BkNJaUIn Tlic&fl 
12mo,ciotJL 4t.^. (orii/inai price 6m.) 

A NALECTA ANGLO-SAX0NICA.-A Selcotion in Prose and Terre. from 
-^*- An^lo-SaiDH Auiliors uf Tariuun agi-s, with a GJoeArj- By Be>juiin Tiioki-b, 
73. A. A naoedHio», tpUh eumcliott^ and improvaiiuais. Pcut Avo, f/ofA S«. ioriaiMul 
pri<v 12j.) 

pOPULAB TREATISES ON SCIENCE, »riHBQduringtheMiddbAff«v 

-'■ m Anglr-'Sajon, AngLj-^'onnin, and English. Edited by TlioS- WliauT, M J^ 
6f o, cfoth, 3*. 

ran/™/.— AiiADCii,-?«iiOBTrcafr«aD Ajtmncflfljr mnf!.!^. hV «BA««/jJn» of tU tU tfw,h^ieal dtna 

dci CnnlUlff lij i'kilUnf]iL dcTJinUU lax firt' ynalrj IruLu- ailCBCT: iiinW ||ifl KUfl^ LiI|;[]dU MtMral Ll*C* 
tn^i 4 ffrt'UfVJBH I '->'"*■'[/ taina^l* to I'ktLiia^ttt. Q^ (lit Sil'qis, Ulte tvficit pita of Ike tiud im Jif 

"pRACMENT OP ^LFRIC'S ANGLO-SAXON GRAMMAR^ 

^ MW\q\ GlfHuofT, ind n Poem on the Soul nnd Bndj of llitJ Xlltli Ct'utiiry. di^ 
OOTered among the AivliiTufl of Worcener CalLcdfaL Bj Sic Tbooub Poiu/Ifb, Bart. 
FoL, riUTAi^LE roi^xiiD, fotftfJ. If. Gff. 

OKELTON'S (Jolm, f oifl ZdiH-mri rfo iZiwy FTJ/J Forfica] Works : tfioBowgeof 
*^ Court. Colin Clout, Wjij come jo not to Court ? (his wlpb™t*>d Satire nn WoLwy), 
Phillip dpiLrrow, EUsour BumiDiii^, &c. ; villi Noted flJid LJJcp Bv tho Ber. A, Dtos. 
B *ol=, Beo, cfoM. lii. (i-rijina^iwi™ jEl. 12j.) 



'The iriiwer.lhEaltHn^PDfirt.tlirmLiLilityfifbfilui- 
EniiirF, ItK'auJjLcilTof bii wiLfc.nndlhf pcirrrlorigka- 
fdJrr oilkJaicHUJi^^DiBElfSkdiaQDDroftlenifiBtuLtr^ 
cnJiDiry 4rilun of uij; agi^ or couuLrjr"— ^^^v^Ar^. 

" i^k^lOU 4 a CDTtnai, Hblc lud r«inbrkbblB wnter, 
vlih iUoiif teojfs HTfin <ir Itomov. unil hmc imi- 
funuon; hclJUlB*in<lrrrti] cammtDdoF tlic Encliih 
luipii^ifld ow vbu vu tfTictliLD tui tun, lir«* 



fmd aniJiintnl nf Bnltiu * lie iiUuIitit ivi^ frecEj 
V hit HT^lnt^aih ci'mum nbt ninriVi >iIo DoiumlfBBit 
■nd. Dkortt^'L-rH linil IIie liuUih^iud \o riArcl, m no ven 
nild IrmiA, nn Ihe minaen ■i>i:i lidd of Csnliiiu 
V'uljL^. Wf- ctimot hvJp ccnslddnn^ SkftLon u la 
DTTLamrDt or hii uwq lint, ud ■ hvacdtctor (otbuM 
«bo cono uAtr bun." 



Vahahh and Merestimt/ Hook*, VnUhh^H or S^d In 



lAimONAKV OF ARCUAIC AXD PKONTNCIAL WO: 

<^ Olhilrtr rtinun^ rrvnriB» ui4 Abciciut CmtoRtii, Cnom the tUvQ '^ f^ 

%m^mm aIvit M.4» Burta irrr - -> v< ii« «f« not ** ^ M"^l tm ■JtitJ llc«v^maa«— 

ftnUMioAitkU^) lUUHrAUr m. luAntcal by ctvBAln prtowtf hiH ^ MiM 

I ASSAYS ON THE LITERATURE, POPULAK SUPFBS 
-^ noNS, mil UjsLorj of ETigland in the Uidd]« Ageri, Bj TnoK^tji Wuobt, 
F-B^ ! tuLt. [HHt 8to. eUjjHmttjf pntU^df cArfA, 16«^ 



^ml«B JSjrtrj III Cliiuipjiii i-Cnir "'nw<rfml 

1 I II fiT T -| 1^ ' 

VILI 6u til- .<L. 

tX nn Uir I . c% 

And (UUI COULUI.MD * JUt Ul' 1. U;^ lh> A- <^«l if^* 



^ Xl^. Advcmruv^ i>r Urnmrdftti 



"PARLY HISTORY OF FREEMASONftY IN EXGLAMX 

■^ lUiulTilffl bj w £nffU*h Poem of tb« XlVth C«ituP9, »-ith No(*». Bj JO 

UtkB puliliCAiHia U rM^Di: miiii»vil. bu <in:fd, u llMivell bu ruc^uil^ rc*iKit tin: d*w ftfaWOkVl 
Bfuwdbj IhefHlur lit bmijiif bcrtk Iru^iAled iim> liinnAcd ita al^UT br ibc kMiUd* ar«*^rfMMMl 
Qmui, Ubl of 111 b*r)nf ^uKbril ■ flHitii) DJtUoQ» nmri fJoHiyr" — lAitfmrf ^Mtit*, ' 

rrORRENT OF PORTUGAL; "^tx Knglbh M^rit^ K<fa,ati«, wrw Ail pib- 

*■ ImhpiU ffoiD *n iiiii((i»> MS. of tJwj XT»t tVnItu^, |jr«*vrvcd io tl« Clwt^aai LilnA 
ftt ^Unclu^lcr. EcLtod bv J. O. H^iuwm, kc Post l^vo, ciot\ um^brm ^nlk jbfrt^ 



|M af wi^ Kn^liita nrlmid nrn^hiKn, (IIl] iq ia- 

VeW» bill EUu ^^Utfran Giztttt 

"* liifrary I'u/xktilj', ■nj oii« both wElcoRia vh) 
lef*ifAliIc loUii^riii>'r [ifhiBck-HlcrcJLoK TI|ou|h 



Pftitlj IkIuh^ »lU *^ufl Jin, 

laijHiitaiH-e. Tt ibr fcm-raJ >-vjj,-r n 1,^ 



wi to hfl lEif nrbst ■liib Portni S^flPiu Tomer'* tliwUfld: Cu/t^ 
niu ill Hit EdeUbU Ud- Htiuif^ uE En[LI^ UmiiuUc lv«irj^ \i^ M b Sl^ 



TTARKOU'ING OF HELL; l MimdP P3at,»rtti™ in tLo Rdgn ofKd-nd 
-'-■^ 11, now Grs; |iubIiftiK?J frnm the Origin*) in tJip liriTiali Muwimi, hifh a Blotbin 
Rwdinfi, lELn>JuL-lJon,ttudSf)U?B_ Bjc jAMtaUacHAiU UalLIWeli, Kmj., i'Jtls^ F-Si, 

Till ronmu p^ra h RippoHd to Ih- lEif nrbst 
■ptLiBii-u uf ■JmuHic oonpwuutiu ----■' -" 

Hruu'a Umuit^rB «Diii.'iutam>k Vu 

T^UG*E POETlCAj ScWtPii-oei of Old En^Ual, popular Poelfv,dlu.UiHifi[;( 

■^ * Maiuicni atiJ Aria of the XVdi Ocnturj. Eilitird hv J. O. ILalutfcll. l*tai KiQ 

{jH^V loo voyiei prhfui, flotM^ b*. \ 

Cuiiiy'iii—i:u[\it li\;u'M't Ttituicur; Iht |}c> Lobf, lUnn VtUih't TddI; Boiiiunt cf lU^ivRi 

A NECDOTA LlTER.AJllA ; n CoU«tior» of Short rocm* ib EngJuh, UUu, 
-**■ &ud FrtTicJi, lUiJiilniliio of t\\e LUimitun- miJ iJiatorrof Rihgloiiil irj (Tip XIIIili 
CVuLuiy; arid mjrr caiM^vinU^ of C7m CouiUtiuii Euid U^uinm of Ujf diilV^rciil Cla»«a 
Societj. hj T, WikiuiiT, U.A,, F,S.A., *Lo- b» u^ t7iii«, o«-^j 230 jtrinir^d. 7#, GJ. 

pOPULAR ERRORS IX ENGLI?IJ GRAMMAR, partiruiarfj 
Kuirigj. with a eohurcd ftvAluvitroa vi iU '* &^ci HtsUiaaa." Cti. 



John Rjissell Sjmih, 36, So/to Square, London. 

EARLY MYSTERIES, and other latin PftemjofthoXTHh and XT TrrbiwnturlB^ 
Edited, from oriffinal MS9, in thy BiiKsh Mu9L»am, nnd thv UhnaioB of Oxford, 
Cambridge, Tftpi*, bad Vieonfl, by Tuoa. Witioar, M.A-, F-S-.l. Svo. 6rf'> !■■ 6cJ. 

''DcHiJra tbe ciuicriia ■pcomrv of \ht dniiu-tic DaUii: m'^ple of NcrMk^ wrmen h/ ii Uaal if Peiee- 
itjitD o! MiJdJc-Ap; U^mlj. Mr. Wngfii Lba gii/eB Lmoujli, und MBivirfd in tlin Mmif iUlc W Jjlm tf 



twit roiipuilUObt m iLc Njirrktii* [LIf.inc VcreA fl 
fikVDuriLC raouuffl ■( ihal pcnoJ^ in (Ui? CwiiiAlLi 
BbImuhih Jiql llieCvED of I'LtDlii Dli'ivft«i^wlbirli l-na 
aLiukiif cnflnrctidDbeLvcflnUH-ClniJi.MlniiilMiiliLF- 
iigv Lkfcntatej hbw rvniirk>bl« !:hiii}-rir-al Kl<;riiie« 



5t. OiQi-f^ *ltd. Wtliy, «oiii<- ipripTktlj' Bikil •,1't-a grin.-- 
rul tuu^ fruui « Mx uiUic Anuiilci C(iLkcU>n» mlucJi 
ftiTuril B viry fxLiLiriklile yJra of ilic lyric p^tr; nr 
fliir clcnnl tottlJiiiitT%."—G^tUnian.'j JUagtAi^t. 



T>ARA MATHEMATICA; or»CollwticmofTr™tiBWontliaMalhBmaticattnd 
"^ Suljpct* coTiawtod with them, from aSciont iooditod MS3, By J. 0. HiUJWKLi^ 
6w, Seconu EuirioM, doth. ^. 

Cbii/nfi.— JDhinnii tit Sacro-PoHu TranBiru de 
Arte tiumoiuidji UQlhod mcd bi Eln^lBnil id thB 
FinHDth Ccnlury for Ukinr t^ ALtitmi^ of a St^c^ilf : 
Trr-jiiLBF ciD the NoBuntkn of AUfviitiii Trraliicon 
Gluii'HrtrOpLjn]Pilrpc«ea.bTn^ Boimc; JoIiodhii 
Ra1>}iiiJcQim'-ti*CDDiiiUBUna:TvaTih3B»lutvuiB 
tilt tiraf uf Ui^ Witv It LondoD Brd^tiUKl tLd 



pannon of Uormllvbt. bam i V3, of Lbs Tliirtcnitb 
Centurji on llio >]eiiiiif«tiDa of Kri>:hli Ami !li»- 
tuicci; Alexs]idn do Vibu Dd CATrti^Eiit'' .^l^nntmnL 
rrpfue (oA Citlriidjir orAlnmnHrL f^tr If^lJ, Jo^inmi 

Earl/ A^^^^'H'^*. bj iCe Eibuir, fo, kc 



PHILOLOGICAL PROOFS of the Origioa] Uaitj and Recent Origin of th* 
-^ Human Bade, di-riTed from a Comparison of the Langiingea of Euragie, A^ia, Afric«, 
■nd America. J3j A. J^ Jounat. Svo, clvth, &f- {ori^ijui /rru:« 12,1. Gi^.J 

Printed it Ihr sn^^if ition of Dr, Fnchitrd. tonhoic wofltaUwiU bcfnundi ouful iupp!eni«L 
A ME RI CAN IS MS. —A Dit-Lionary of ImmcmuBmi. A Gk«stti-y of Words Uid 
-^ FJirBBe»coIloquiaUju8edinUwUniledatatcs. BjJ,B.JiAKTUTT. TluckBro,cto/A,lS^ 
"PHILOLOGICAL GRAMMAR, faundod upon Engtah, BUd framed from » 
■^ romjiariBaD af more thqn Siitr TjB*i:;Tm.^*fli, bt^inir •?! Tntrcidm^tion to the Scit*™* of 
Gramnaar, JUid a lifjlp to Ormnm&ra of uU Lau^na^^ »p«.'iBl]y Engtiali, Lntin, ou'l Greek. 
By Ilitf Eev, W. fiAb^'ES, B. D., author of iL*? '^ Aut'lo-SaxoQ BaUCiifl," ''UurBet 
UiaLect^'' kc YoA Sto, in tk^ jyre*3. 



^robmttal Bialcrts of ^nglanH. 

"DIBLIGGILAPUICAL LIST of ail tha Worts whirb liavD b«Ti publi»bpd 
-'-' towardi illufltrating Llic Provincial Dtalerta of Englun J- Bj JoVit Ersaau. SuiIH* 
PoatSvo. If. 

- Vtrjr HTTiEXBbM to lOfb u proHTuip Tbe stud; of imr praHnrkil didtcti, or irc coUoClvl w«ti n tlwl 
Cur^uia lulrjccL WfiTujrcunliaLjrccojumuiiil lE tu nirlicc."— J/rfn<^hrjtii 

IJALLIWELL'S HISTORICAL SKETCH OP THE PRO- 

^^ VllSClAL II1ALEC15 OF E.NCJLAKD- lUtxstmiHl bj nimicrou^ Eiamplw, 
{rxtractedJ'rOmt^IiitrottiteUofi io t^ Dictionary of Aft^ni^ and FftKif-iat li''arda.) flvo. £i^ 

GLOSSARY OF PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL WORDS USED 
IN ENGLAJID I bj F, Gao^B, F.S.A- ; with which in now mmrpumted the 3uT- 
FL£BUNT, b; Sahdel PfooB, F-S,A, Ton 3td, c£oM. 'b^ €c£. 

Tbi^utihiy ufaPrcviDciKtGlaataiytoiEliimnDidF- vi»iirj Wrntirrly ■ wark or iLiiiftrmcbTLiin Grms 
iirauHof uDilirtUnttLiiit DuruiCJCDE potts, li lo ddi- uki] I^whra rautUbUr iclcrrcd Ei> idTimU'i "JmUi' 
vcifUlv urlDLf wltd^ed, that ID tntrr luloa pnufuTil via's DlcLoubit-" 

CORNWALL.— Sjwdaiens of Conusli Protiocinl Dialflct, collected and arranged hy VscJM 

jA2i TaEE^OiiDi.B, ivitb 4oiTie lolrcdnctorj Hemarkeond n Qlounrjby an Anriquariaa 

Friend, al*o a St'lL'ttion of Sotiga »ad other Pi«MB coiiiic<*ted with CorawoU. P«t 

Bto. Wi£A ciirioiu portrait of DoUif PetUrtaih^ Clothe 44. 
CHBaHIRE. — AtCfrnpt at a GJcuarf of acme words uboA in OboAhLn. Bj BOOKB 

WnJlBAHAU, F.A.S., Ac. 12mQ, irft. «j. 6d. (firiffiaal pr'vyj 6#.) 
DEVONSinBE-— A Devonshire Dialt^guo in Four Parts, {h^ Mrs, Palmkh. sitter to Sir 

Joshua Eiynolda^ with Glosiarj b; tbe Bcr, J. PfLiLiifTS, of Mcmhury^ Derail. 

13cH>, cloth. £f . 6i. 
POESET,— Poems of Rural Life, in the Bonet Bialact, vith a Diisertation ind Glotaarj, 

B^ the But, Wilmah Bissia, BJ)> SsGOifi> EuiticKj enlarged a»d eomeUd, 

rojal l^mo, cloi^. lOf, 

A flin-puehL (pclinR LlntJ^p]^yt^l^l^^^lUl^^l^llev■^i1TO■ Barat-. Oic " Cenllcttun'i Hi^joiiha" for iVfrraUer, 
IipLcca iu Utia \i-lHn.K^; Li£4:',r4liii^ lu i-jmr {nlLu au- lOM, pre a ravlu'iir uf Uic I'irsi Libtnu Aunjt ^jij^ea 
Ltiitijc Lai appeared ti^ti^ Lu it mnctf Lhc time ul Oi liuflk 



John Russell Smithj 36, So^o Sgaare, London. 



arcljacolosp. 



AECHj^IOLOGrTCAL INDEX to Eamainsof Antifjuilj of thn Cdtio, Hochmk^ 
BritUh, aiuH Anglo- Saion Period", by JoiiM YoN'flE A cebh iir, *>//<** and S&ertfitty 
^ fill Society of Antiqaanfj. Bto^ illtutrated ufith nvtnennu enffravtnge, compHfing 
mptBordt <lf Jii^ ^tatdred objects, cloth. 15t. 

mv»— UmB — f^wnrdi— Spron — KniTfi— Dmbnoflt if 
Shki.'Idi — Biiclltn-'mulie— BftUR — Bur Puu — 
Rhudt &r- Sj' kjc ke 

Titr [TivriAhi irf A^Tonimji fufnr ia irliEnM 
Rnroin). Tlit GEO^mi^tkirril Tiblci of Pt^^lt.iit, Lba 
NoTiriA. unit Itic Itinikam of Hicp^kp nr OUf- 
ctHTi^Jt, lu^thirr with i cLubJhi'il Index r^ Itie m- 
Tcnliof the A)iCB.iai.oaiA ^V^U-iLonuj uegivn 



ThEft wark, fhaavh inlffjtdfd u ui inlriMlufd'Tn and 
m gmdo 10 ihe iluJv of our eiirlj Eintjqiulin, inK, it ii 
fanpnl, bIiui T^rnvr n? Kmr-e u ■ bu>k tit ectwenct la 
tl4 pnctienl Aiclivnlagut. The cddEfhU vb u foU 

iDWfl- 

Paet J. Crmc Peufjfj.— Tmnnlt, or BBrrtF** 
Hid CuniR— Crontlrchs— Scpiilrhra] Cbvh— iWrlifn^ 
Slonu — Slouc Drclira, &r Sur — Oljjtrli diirovifrrd la 
GeltiBSiFpiilrhfa— Unu— Bcadj—Wapou^Implc- 
iKDti, AlCt 

FiiT [t. ItoMAno-BKiTTSH PiiioD-— Tmnqli of 
Ulo fUiniADD-Bn'ifti ?i.'rinil — Uurikl hIiffi of Itn Ro- 
met— PiifFnirEilB — Cunpi — Viftds— Si-puli'lirnl 
ldE:DUEiirmi — aL-|iuLclinU Inicnpiirtni — IlLdinitoFy to' 
kcriptinufl — CDruDcmantjve lnicniiiiniii — AktEm^* 
Umi^Glan VPMli^filJuJic — ftxruiUie— Coin*— 
CnJn-lanlllda, kt. he. 

Fast UL APQLo-SAiflH FmoD^Tnnmh— De- 
iBiluii Liat of Qbjccti duForeKil m An^ii-Saioa Bar- 



"One of Hit flnri wuU ctaXl fndipiEiit Antiqnair- 
ia Ihi^ ruciLty uf compKrijufi, nuH hirt u ii furujihcd 
Liiu «l cuie gluirt- Tbi! pliTn, indrfd, lin-in ih^ laort 
vALuiLl>lr ^aii of the hoOk. b4Ui h; thru- number BiHi 
the judiruiiii ickoion of lypri ibd tianigiira vtitcli 
i]ie> coiiUkla, Ic 1> a ixoK wtilcb wc ran, on tl\i h- 
Hun!. laCelj ind ■Brmhr riu^amiijead Uj ill bLd ub 
liktfcdLeil IP IJie uitLqiuilEa of Uulf natlfo laaiL"' 
Lifrmry GoitUl- 

"pEMAINS OF PAGAN SAXONDOM.principrOly fromTurauUbEn- 

-^^ glnad, dra^m from ihi ongilula. Described oiid UluBtrated hj J. Y, AxEBHAtf, 

DIRECTIONS FOR THE PRESERVATION OF ENGLISH 
AXriQUlTlES, <»pedally those of tlw Three Firat Perioda j Of HiflU ior tlia In- 
mperiented. Bj J< Y, Ajurkita. 

A HDaJI Ir&ct for dutnlm linn^ il Due ihHUug jtcr dr»Eflfi, uefb] to ^vo to aieAnLon, plovjlimm, Iv-, wbo *» 
nfrl to iIhItoj anjctn (Jicy And if uit uf prurioni metnl- 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL, s^o.joh. 2.3.4. 

■^*- B, 6. £1. Is. eiKh ; uid toi. 1 jmi commuted. Kith an extra quantity qfUttffr-pntr 
aiidjitata. £l. Hi. 6d. 

J. R SroiEh havirks b«D ippointed Fublnbcr to He AicliviJngial AnociatiDD, their rBblic&Lioni luj bt 
libl u^tiiui LD fui-un. 

"DRITISH ARCII^OLOGICAL ASSOCIATION.— A Report of th. 

-*-' Proceeding of tlic British Arclipcologicttl Aseocintion, at the Wortwarpr Sc»ioa. 
Augustf 1848. By A. J. BuNClJi- Thick 8vo, utith engracimfs^ chih. £\. \a. 

■yURBATIM REPORT of the ProDOcdingB at » Bjwcinl Gi-noral M«ling of thC 
" Bntiflh Archffologicnl Aiaocifltion, held at the TLeotre of tlie Wwtflm Litimuy 
InstitutioTi, Sth MbkJ;, 1845, T. J, PeltiRrew, Eiq^ in tbaCLair. With »» Introduotion 
by Thouab Wbtght. Svo, j^K«t^, Ij. 6d, 

A mirincL hiA(oiy of Ui« dLvuioa bL^twfeo Ibt Aidmlogiei] AitociBtioD aad ImttuTfi. 

A NTIQUARIAN ETCHING CLUB— Th* Pubii<atio™ .:^r tU Anti- 

-^*- quariiui Elchinp Club^ for the year ISl^, coi\sUimg a/b^platei t^ Ckurcfutt Fontt, 
Caitiei, and otktr AnHqnarieiit nhJfHt. 4tf>, hoard*, si. 



for th« y^Bf IB&O, cofifaiVn^ GGp^M. 4to, hdt. 1Q$. 
for the year ISSI, fonfahinff 70p!atet. 4to, 6^, 10«, 



YESTIGES OF THE ANTIQUITIES OF DERBYSHIRE, 

' and the Si-pulcliml Uaagta of itJi Tolmhilnuts, fe>m the roost Eomote A^ to th* 
BeTarnmciOQ, By Tuohab Saieuah, 'Eaq.f of YclgTHTe, D^rbyabirp. In onit ktatdwovm 
vttL Bfo, wiih HiiiJHroHj woodeuU qf TuatiU and ifunr cottt^nijf OroMot, Tomli, A'e^ 
eioiJk, nr. 194a 

AN ESSAY ON THE ROMAN \aLLAS of tie Aiigustan Age, th«r 
*^ Arciiiieictural Dwpowtion and Enritlimi'nta, nin] on the remftLns of Boman JJomoa 
tic Ec)ilin!<i dincovj^ri'd in Gtivat Britun. By Tnoius Moui.it. firo, S ftatrt, eittA, 
4r- 6d. {oriffnalpria 8l) 



John ^tssell Smith, 36, Soho Square^ London. 



pOINS OP THE ROMANS RELATING TO BRITAIN, 

nllargcd, Svo, unVA ;/£ jftfj attd woodaiU. IQa. 6(f. 

Hie'TnT lit Knmiimaiia'afl'' vtt naarded bylUa liBhfilMhTeryiLQdpntfCRim ltili«i1i]bFfimnll4?d, 

Fnnch In^tiLnlF Id ilia annioT Tor tUii wdtL jidI nt-Tvl; Ajr ctLCir p;irticu]BJ cnini, Sal tlvo (orfmiM 

"Ur ALrniiDn'iTojLinic tfuEiLniiii« nuUce dT tfifiT^ masUilDHblclo nJlvhDareiaicrcffeil m tJic BaiuiitH 

kuwii vanfl)<,iiiilh rupioiu lOndntkupi, and 14 pub- Qhtult Hulflrj."— Jrcito^iM^ Jeunnt. 

"M' tJMISMATlC ILLUSTRATIONS of the l^amtijt Fortio™ of ih^ NEW 
■*■" TESTAMENT. By J. Y, Aitermaw, Sfo, nKneroM wooJ«ii#yh>ni iA« onffiaai 

4CiiV in vnriouf fiuhUo and pnvata coUeeiiQin, ololh. Sr- 
Hr. AlormriiL To him mure tFioD lo any oLlcr hriog 



_ B.lidiieLbe jinlfe of liiviu^ canvtrtcd TDuKitudu 
touelavfiDf inliiiiiBriahKiiceirrh. Tnlitm ik^hUovb 
the plenunt drhr ot jd EDiimrCi^'e Bcqiiipnliiite, ant 
onLv "ilh Ibe trrAiii:tiil miucj,' ol Ancitr.t Gretru md 
Rom?, Iiut with the unre ItnTJiAroUfl, thca^h ani leift 
in^ereiiLQp^rnin 'rf oni tir\ivit Macory. And lo bm 
DOLT tspccLoIly, tilt cnute ofrclki^imi cun bring its Cri- 

ATUI^USMATIC CHRONICLE 



I-^ iSLlMlSMATIO aOCifiTY, 
at 8v- €<i- per Kun^bcr. 

nrii ii the only RtirrVirr of Nimulsmtfc tnUlflr 
(PMB FVrrpDblLilLFJiii Cadimd. 

It eoiiUjCfl papriH un cmut snd qciIaJi, of all tga 



inta Bt mnmcndabnn to livlit ihrcmi apOD R0I31 
VriL, thron^li ibc aatdjnin offbc onniFhtDhaiUiia- 
tarn." Tte New TnTumrbl haf, it H]ip«rt in lh« 
cam^tiga <1 Uit G'Apt^Ji nucl Ac^. do leit tliui U 
alliEtioni U Ihf foirinfC If Gr»c:e, Koda. udJudB&i 
■Dd Uimr bcBLitiTiLLIy engnTFd. mnil JUAhU; 4^ 
KTihed, giTp Mr. AJEcmiBn ab oppartvUtT of Krriq| 
the friod muiB of Uulb m thq iriT of bli pefloUu 
avocjiLiOD.''^-t*Mrci fl/" Etfflmd Jovrual. 

AND JOURNAL OF THE 

£ditod b; J. Y. AseoUan, fubliahed Qoarterl; 



ud rnuhltiei, W the flnt NnmisiBBtilli of Ihfl daj, 
hath t;n^Luli and Hffnp. 
Odd [jikl9 Ilk :i>FntlQ[E Bets. 

LIST OF TOKENS ISSUED BY WILTSHIRE TRADESMEN, 
m the aoTOTtoenth Centuij, Bj J. T, Aeebmaw, 8vo, pfflf«, sncerf, U 6d 

T ECTURE5 ON THE COINAGE OF THE GREEKS AND 

-*^ E0UAN3, DelisBTcd in tljc UoLvflrjilj' of Oiford, Bj Edwaeh CakdwelLj DJ>^ 
Prbcipal of St. AJban'* Ha^ and ProEoasgf of Andeal Ristory. 8to, cloth. 4^* 
fyriewtlpriai 8*. 6rf.) 

AN OLLA PODRIDA, OT Scraps NuiniBmotip, jLntiquarum, and LiteMpy. By 
"^ RtciiABD SAJwrnTtL, E«]., of Cork, RojbI 8vo, maiiy fiaf« ontj porirgilSta 
kamdaome volume, fbivatSliT PbiNTED, ;£ri^ £1. lis, 6^, 

CoDU[nLik''L«UmcD Ibecalnngc or lElU; UcniDlr ITt^Bud ■ C^tti of Ebff MlvtDfEielor; Ci^iDf Hdht^ 

of ThAiu.ii U^oii, jun , 'inlUe C<»rDD3liaD anil (riiiL^ Ll!; Saion uil Ab^lo-NoriDU Cdmi; qlteniTt lo 

IiaII Mrdilj, l^ua^^mi Mcdrtit Cui^is T-iiiDd at i'cm' IccMe Cobri llu^lp^#pcill4!d by Huijibg^ Uid uthn 

VKrtb; t^fkUTt aoiE |j4^il];-Utou FciULuur Il^nnr VII- pinen oa Coliu Ud TDptj[nphical uid OeuHKigiCll 

Dubbin Qfutli, Tluce CfkiM~pa, Ibi u>ck:uI Arnii uf aurpjcctt. 

OBSERYATIONS ON A UNIQUE CUFIC GOLD COIN of th* 
Ffllimilo ryuustj. By h. Lokws. Svo, engraving^ «B*tt 1#. 

HAND-BOOK OF ENGLISH COINS, from the anquert to Tictflria. 
By L. JkwITT. 12mo, 11 ptalcs, cloik. Ix. 

XJISTORY OF THE COINS OF CUNOBELINE o^a of «« 4KCTENT 



Coposraplip* 



JOURNEY TO BERESFORD HALL, IN DERBYSHIBB, 

•* the Seal of CitaaLb^ Cottok, E&q., Iho celehfated Author and AngW. By 
W. Ai.BXAi'tiiiu, F,S.A.> FX.9., Uto E«pcr of tbo Printa in the British Masoanit 
Crown 4Id, ptinltd on tinted ptj-prr, wiiJi a tpiriied fro'iii''frieef, reprenenUng WaUojtaitd 
hii adopUd Son Cotton i* iht Fiihin^'htauet and vf^actte Uilepa^e, ctoik. bt, 

DolioiEFd u the Auflcri orGiFBt DiibuD and tbo rofknit "^Airoa bdI CoEtnm (Haht^ otlylOO priaLcd. 

I^RAPHIC AND HISTORICAL SKETCH of the Anhquiii« of Toin«, 
^^ Devon, By W. CfillON, F.S.A, £iluUl 4to^ /m voDt^fVli, vUtk, Gr, {cnj^iiwl 









VahlMt mud Tnlert*fim^ 

CAMBRIDGE.— Billon cui^ j«m 

UlSTOKY AND ANTIQUITIES 
' ^ Itm. 3^KM Dnonan X Tab, M 

IJKLFS TO HEREFORD HISTO 

AMnnI of iIm i Bowrt -CocU Braing^* C(Mb| 

*4 tito Vi«« W rf Itfi^wvM laiiiiBj^ prnMM : 

fll9T0RT OP PORTSMOUTH, 

'^ SOrtBSEiH Bd QOSPOIGT. Bj Oaj 

NOTES ON THE CHURCHES in i 
TrmfT_li I |1 ta Domadn Book, « 
Jii— Ji rf thy fluriehiy Hflwonib aid o ^ 

I/KVriSJI CUSTOMS— Cw« 

JV tarf «cwr lMMUataulomih,utb0O3il 



fJtSTOBYAKD ANTIQUITIE 



UIStOBT A2^ ANTlQUmsS 
«l ^ "^ ■iMi7«r d» Bn*«k of Balliiigtoa ftad'] 

HtS^TORT OP THE TOWN OP Ul 



ACCOUNT OP TH£ ROMAN 

UlSTORT OF ROMNEY MARSH, 
^' ■> l«X wilfc > Dim igWiPi ott ttiegr"-' " 

CRITICAL DraSEBTATION «> Ptx^ 



VOLESSTONB HERT SSKPBNT^ 



HJ^^^XCBOOC of LEICESTER, Bj J 



llUmWX AN» A>TlQUrnES OP 1 



«ii4« vik 4*vi>^r««»A*o 



^BC9£S^ 



John Russell Smithy 36^ Soho Square, London, 



HISTOEY AND ANTiaUITIES OP GAINSBOROUGH>Lm- 
calnshire. By Asakc Stase. 'Thick Sfo, Skcond Editiott, she&tlt rniabovt), 
elitth. 9e, (oriffinal priee £1- l^)'LA.aac FlfEB, rojal Svo, cloiU, 1^. 

HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE TOWN OF LAN- 
CASTBEL CuLUpil^ &gm AutbEaliu aourcea. By the Ber. Bobest filupHOV, 
8to. eloth. e*. 

T*f EMOKIALS OF THE VICARAGE HOUSE AND GARDEN 

ITX Qp ^L SAINTS, King'H-Lvnn j with a LUt of the Vicarfl. and b quaotity of 
OthtTT useful infonnatiati. By J. N, C'ElAUTiCC Bva^^^mr Bn^raiiin^Sj Mtned.^ 2d. 6a- 

DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF THE RUINS OF LIVEDEN, 
near Oandlp, Northamptonshire; with Hiatopicfll Notices of iheFflinily ofTrcaham, 
and ir« cocmcrtlun inth tho Guupowdor Plot By TuoAiAa BeiL. Four plates and 

T> EPRINTS OF RARE TRACTS, uxd InT^ts d" Andmt JTanoflmpts. Ac. 
**' chiefly illustrativo of (heHifitoi? wid Biotmphy of llie Northern Coimtiei. BsiD- 
TXPriXY FaiyXED (M thick papery loiik facsimile titles^ initial ietttrs in colowri, ^c.^ 

TOfiHtKO 7 TOJ^,, pO«tl BtO, COAirL£TB, «i^ ynvroi ^if^« ifW^ FuH^n^, htU. £5> C<. 

niii Collrclurn CDQpriara iu> Iflu thu AS TrtuU of thft ibOiL inttrciLiiiE 1iind.cdjttd hf M A. DjEhtiMBvp, 
■tfitBA b* ii^vFEiil DnliiitBrtui Id Iha nDrUierD fdijeiIici. OdIjt 1<XJ i^opin c4 tLe ColLcrUDti Verr ptluihI, whidi 
in ill lOlfl bj Ulci pnutEr. 

"DIVER TYNE.— Plea and Defence of the Rfayor and BuTgeasW of Newcaatta 
-i-l' Dgoinst thu MdcToTent ociTuetitioTLfi of Oirdiner, (author of ** Eiigland^a Gri^^Tanco 
on the Coal Trade,") 1G53; vrith Appendit of Unpublished Dcx-umDntB respoctinfi tha 
BiTCr Tjne. By JU, A. KiCHABPaoM- 8vo, {oat^ l&O printed.) 2j. 

qiOPOGRAPHICAL MEMORANDUMS for the County of OifonL By 

NOTICES OP THE HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OP 
rSLIP. Oiou. By J. O- HituwBLL, 8to, {only SOfrwfcrf,) totted. 1*. 

HISTORY OP BANBURY, in OifordBhire^ including Copious Hiitorical and 
Anliqunrian Nottcea of (he Neighbourhood By Ajjbed BeseliT. Thick 9t<^ 
664 chteitf priAted pige», with €0 u^oodc^AUfen^rated » tho Jlrat stifle tjf art^ htf O-JetMCi^ 
of Q^ord. \As. {pnginil price £1, 5j.) 

-nie nEifhboirrhooiJ of Eanburj i* cguiUy ricli in 
BtiLuli, lU^nmn, ^jhqh, Ni>niian, tnJ £ngli<h Anli- 



iniiticfl.<if ill whicli Ur BceiWUu'^Lca r{f:vlarly 
elcufdi'vC'Linla Bjnibur^ hrilji nn imp^hrtinf flncA 
Ip tlif yairiTy ol'tlic PiTliamrulnry Wai- ofthc Soveo- 
lMn*h rrtiliiry, xaA wiit Ilia ^tCHV "^ Oie JFrtLLt KotEJe 

of Edgchiir. BDdortb« uDporfoEil ]i|f}iL ul Cropn^ily 
GuJgi- KilaEin^tfk the flvcnTi of (liat pmbd. Ihd 



BnLhor hu follxted ft gnat bodj of loeol JBranvibn 
cf tli* moaE iDTrr<^iiinj( kind B^ iv mcuLi Thr tout 
ntrinltlc pAfl of Edr. QL^ciluy'fl fork, la lut nai^xoA 
of thf nniacrCa* mt JTWti n* caily I'iiui'Jiei, vbkcb 
diOTsctenid Iba baubuy tHatncL/' — ri' Atelm> 

Olid Parti U compEclD wpics. If, Oil. uiatcsd of 

HISTORY OF WITNEY, with Noti«s of the Neighbouring PariahEa and 
HimldsmOifordpliire. By the E«t, J>. GilbB, ionuMly Fellow of QC, Oxford, 
flTO^jj/affj, cloC\ (oh(j 160priirfcd-) 6#. 

HISTORY OF THE PARISH AND TOWN OF BAMPTON, 
in Oiiopdshire, with tho nislncl; and Hsmlpt* belonging ta it. By tha Eor, 
Dr, Giles. 8vo, platat, 8£C0Nr> Editiox, ctoih. 7j. &/. 

"PAUCONBERGE MEMORIAL.— An Account of Hcnrj FftuconWge, LL.D, 
-^ of Bccclcs, in Suffolk, and of the cndowiDail prodded hy bu will lo cmtjirmgo 
Learning enJ ibe IneLruction of Youth -, nith Kc^Im and InL-idenlal BiographiL-^l Skpti?hafc 
By S. W, RlX, Pot 4U>, Mf^ (HM^y got up, wii^ 30 jii^rflFjfl^ir qf Oid Mou*a, fiwi^ 
AMto<fraphtt Amu, ^.^ fi^. B#.— Liuoi Fai-eb, 7t. 6d. (teet #kw oopiis PttiNTm.) 

/^oni^ili^VaMfoiAmfa irfOldfD Tine. II. Fnu- trrniaii olRrlhTl ^pUTO*. Eut. V^mmrDf Dr. JoH^fc 
tOahcTt'' of Itrrrki. IIL ydaivDL«rj;c Lod^jviticnt. Artiuld Dit lt,iuu>D I'nnifr. of Vareiuuih), ]*tirliaaUn 
rv.FDnranbcrKQkiKlLcmia- V. Atpc^^^ui. PddijfTFei, dT the iuLieonbUh^c Trait Eitala.Lc. h£. 

SUSSEX ARCILEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS, iUusmnBig the Hi., 
tory and Antiquities of tha Conniy, pahliahed by the Sobboi Arohffiulogical Sodety. 
Gfo, ptatfxtndiKwioulttClot^ TiJ. J, 10*-; VoLll,l&*.j VoLIUjlO*.; Vol, IV^ IW.; 
VoL V, 111. 



John Rusadl Smiih, 36, Soh^ Square, London. 



MONT SAINT-MICHEL.— Hutoire st DCTCripltnn do Mont St, Michd en 
KonnBndip, Icitc, par Ileriflier^ dwein* par Bouci publics par Bourdon. Folio^ 
150 pp-i and 13 leautifv^l plalef^tj^ceuted in tinM hthosrapht/, leather back,mtciit. £U. 2«. 
A buidaODia valnue, iaLBrCHting la (ha AFctulircB mil ^cliBokoKiBt- 

GENOA; ^th Eflioiirke on tho CJua&te, and its Ipfluence upon Inralid«, Bj 
Hahax Jones Bitnvsit, M-P- IStdo, ctoU, 4i. 



CURIOSITIES OF HERALDRY, with lUuBtrations from Old English 
WritfipH, Bj Mare Awtony Lowei^ MA,, Autbor of *'Ei*riyp on Englinh Sup* 
names;" vtth UUfmiikiUsA S%ile-jias^, and mtswroiLv eii^naintftfron ifcjiyru by the Author, 
&Y0, cUtt^ Ite. 



"Tbn ]iTVi0Ttt VDlmnA'ii toiJy fc worUiy uqiwl (la 
tht '9rBNA]iKv';Lit (Ite iDEDf curiQiu odlI HdtJr^mnAD 
hoF, ^Irmlni^r w^Tt r'ninrtHhle (urtii tuid JulellifriLire, 
■nth a fiLnJ ij^iLTDUBin^ :triFci1{>Ld acJ LUkutraLLiu, tbul 
thn nmltr ii nlniiMit iiirrinKd to Hod Hub tao hu 
tanrdH much, wUilai Iib tpiKUrd to 1m pumiB^f 
tUDTB FDlcrfjiJTiinfiit. TLe tub u « plEuIng thiit wv 
■arcelydrcuDofiUBlFrluigTBluBi nnJit leema u it 
iaqpucD wUh Ibo nuutlcuU^TJudiioclrN'eTljciplaEn 
fti poinU ud niiom lU tatiduh iDjim, Itis wliiria dc- 
BM^a w«ni iDtcndrd for i ttlublibn from atady, rat^PT 



than an anpfe cmuiltan at in flXtnarAiniur mid WiH 
Tu-BcU cnaldpin wbich prDdnad \ht mnti imjxirtAiil 
clfi^rt upun thfr miDtia imd luibjta of miuhiiiiL"— 
Liiffary fitctttt. 

'^Mr. L<:FH'tr'> work ii linth ronoiii and iinitrqrfi^ 
•mhiXf Ibr miHiiEr of kTi trtudiiriiL u tu luviEini,' and 
piipular, ihbt tUe fliilijrd tu i»hic}i « mrm, »'hifh 
■nony We hiLfiEnii had Uk> ^^ood rcRBon To facAiiLcr 
neoitrc nnil dnikToBTalilA. UHumpa, ODiltir thr luuulid 
(be viTili^r, lite nat-cltj □! fictmn wiUi (be ua^nnnH 
of UiiUtncoJ Ifiith,"— .ifMfti*ii"i^ 

PEDIGREES OF THE NOBILITY AND GENTRY OF HERT- 

-■- FORDSBIRE. By Wiliiam Bekiev, Ute, uid for Cftwn jeara, Rjgiatoring Clork 
ilk the College of AmiBj »itLur of thi* " Enir jclopnclia Hcraldica," £lg^ &e. Folu>, (untj 
1E5 pnnt«i^ £1- 5j, (ofi^uw^prkw £1. 10*.) 

GENEALOGICAL AND HERALDIC HISTORY OF THE 
EXTINCT AUD DGRIIAKT BAEO^'ETCIEa of England, Irelan^l, and Scot- 
land, Bj J. BcTBES, Eaq^ Mt^diuu 6va^ Skcojcd Eoinorfi 638 chaeitf j^rinUd ^a^ett m 
dottLU vohmm, vrith abovt lOOG arnij eit^vved on mood, Jliu portrait of JaUSH I, aiui 
itlumitafed title-}>age^ cUlh. 10*, (ori^jWjiWrt £l- 9*-) 



Thi» irorliciip*iriJ 'to uticmiou nf ihc aui^ar for 
jean, cfiiLi|iniL'9 ucarli a ItiLiLLuniL InnitJi'-a, 



tttiYu or rcprcncnlBtircB rtiH fidabag, wilh ckb<nFe 
nnd DiJQnLedtiLrLilac/Lheallia&MHtdiieTeincaCi, and 

lirElUibH^ |Kiii;ri|E]ObaftDi£«fI>tJ«D,bOlatk« Guhuflt 

tviiit JaXeiit penod. 



UTcmt jean, cfiiLi|iniL'9 ucarli a ItiLiLLund InnitJi'-a, 
in IliB kiu^dum, ucli ckmcil iluwn Lit fTi n[jiciieDL- 

"PNGLISH SURNAMES. An Eeaaj on FamUy Nomendoturo, HiBtoPieal, 
-'-^ EljnialogitTil, and Huinurousj vith BC¥flral illnstrativo Appcndiecfl. By MaMX 
AffTOMY LowEB, M.A. 2 Yola., poat 8to, Thied KniTroN, B?ii.iaasD, looodcutt, cioUL 

m. 



Thia new and mDrh iDipravtd EdlUoa, brstdn ■ 
great CDliirBenieDt of tlie Cbaplera. citnUmcd id tbe 
pfeviow HTiiiitDfi, cumiirlifi icrErnl Llmi axeenUicFi 
naw, tofoth^r unTh >niFi oit Scottiali, IrtiEi, tnd 
Tfotman Sunmuji'a. Ibe "Alditiuniil FiotimkuAB." 
tmdcB Ihe ailiclis nt Reboacit AUuaii« Ajiut^ nad 
thcTtDlL uf LatttfL Alibi; J. omTdtb diiarj-) uIaiu on ^mi 
■JgDA, mid ReniJirka op CLriiiian tiaeia. wiLh > 
ro^jLaui Irvirci kJ ailCi; ibeuTuLiL bumn ThuclrB- 
turm rrndLT " En|ituU Suj-aftmei " nlber b new wurlc 
Xbaa a Dcif cdiiiiia, 

"Arunoiu.Eii?v]kiuiu,4ndaniaHiiuba[ih, Mirl/mer 
bnaga Kiiudcral'lt] bncvledge to Pcnr, boib in hia 
gannnl buUny Ot the ate of^uniaiiiH in EngUud. 



atd in Uii cliapLen on ibe diflercDt np Id vbtth 
pirticoLu- cluict of nsma hvt gr-Euioted fnna. 
Duneiurpltcei acenjinucini, dj^nllico, udlcna, inVMtnal 
ud mcnul qoiliun, &c."-^^i'rt*lur^ 

"i/Li. LoireT bu goue to <vrtrl[ in LbtEraD spMtttf 
anltqutrlfrD dinmv^ry. itnd a moit ^iiiTiiiLn? juid in- 
■LnicUie hook Lt hn* pri>dncfLl-"-^JJrry4Jiiii iiiraS4^ 

"A ruruuii narV, an J i^ut Up, n>CE?c*?r, wiLh Ihfll 
omiDtudnliLe nUciilion To i>j<]irr Aud l^po^atLj ^iucll 
Ib ctTiall» to ini^o ■ Look 'likk llit lj'C '-.-.-■ 
M( LoKcr liai fu-un ' Ai aLTriil TiTulof l&n^nnLgn. 
anil hu 'lek'ii mi.re ttan O'C ' ll^rapa.' He boti U- 
Btnicrtt mod eaUnaiDBr"— Jujtn Ball. 



INDEX TO THE PEDIGREES AND ARMSoontunedinthflHrnilda' 

-*- Viaitatioufl and otficr Quiiealof,'iciJ MunitJCripU in tho Brlti»h Museum. Bj 
"R^BlM^^ofili^ M'invncnpi DfpnrftntHL &vo. clael^ printed in dotUi/e coIumtNi. /'loth. l&i. 



An indiapmialilf work Lo ihoie enira|rrd in Ouhta- 

Floe toUu PuigReaaDJ fl^i af nearly 40jxi!» of i}io 
Geaf rj "t Fcalnnd, i^'ir Ri^idpnoH i.^ Lili4iin^iiitK- 
In^lhe diflncE'nl raniiUeB or the BJtam dathc m Diij 
eanntv), lu reranlFd by th* HtnlfU in ibar VuLiife* 
Uou uctwren tlto yeui \5iB lo ICSA^ 

"Thiswcrli vUl bo tferTBCf^rtUbie to bU who hiiTe 
oecLiLon lo cjiiunlne Ue USS ollndEd to, whtUtDrfar 



■tudy, UTtUKmenl, or prufrntuEinlly; tJioic v!io han 
eaponcnced iba toiiiijEiiD liFxiiir uf itnrrl.ine, wrlli 
IbchelpiRilf oriljeeiishTip VDiyiniprrf^rr Ciitii1oj!ii», 
4jan ■lipT'Jf^^ld tttii [Wrarvi-ranFa uid [iri'u.~al4; ci^ 
DUoatbdTi ntfcaiirv l/i praiuLTflUCli an Iadc( 'M LEiat 
Jiul |iuhili4li'<d liyafr riiDii^ it vl|I I10 «[■ iniljiP|>cn- 
nlitc tL>ni[FniiinEi li> the l.ibrnijr iMt i^ :ill tiuiienit 
in i;eELi-ii f I ^f L fiiJ iinitiutt mtd Lttca ?|il;il^'J iti Ilk* 
Ili<tort at Landed rroi-crty," — Jmtusl of jlrii49' 
iMical'lniZttvltfot SififBitr, 1 fi4S. 



John Russell Smith, 36, Soho Square, London, 



\ popular ^3ocni?, Calts. anti ^iipcrstttions. 

THE NURSERY RHYMES OF ENGLAND, oofet^d ^k^Hj from 
Oral Trfldiiion. EdiUnl by J, O, Hxli.iwell. The For bth Edition o.iln^ud. 
Trith 3S Dwifrna, by W, B, Scott, Director of the School of Dttsign, IfevicQ^U-oii'Tjfnf. 
12(DO, illnminated dat^, ffiU lefftet. 



'it.Gd. 



*'II|uiirnLQii»i anil ben thcj ami d"" pkTuTPB, 
which llie [hrtr-VLar olde undontuml tpffurc ILicir 
A.B,C indwIiiclilbcflftvilim-yBirnldilJicaUooit 
BwfIUi the tLn'ts"— iif^mrsr WiCfJJE. 

"W« dfc puraiiuJtJ ihat thf very ryiieil of theaa 
JingTM,lBles,MUrl-vniia,po«sMtftiiriJn':iQ>Jiirnijliun 
murltluriM powei i Mtl that m tnfauiij 4Cid Eiuli' clula- 



bood 1 iprinlilm: at andeni numcry lore a »nrth 

■ hicli urc now u dalj msi fmtfiillj i.-umrmJ \\y «- 

tpffliir/ fiulttic, iiiBrc*riiLV»rifco[rrf:niiniiiifiil Turlho 
ri'miiny |iu>iLbc. Tlic wcptIi i>*"H>rll.y ot Ibe mtntirt 
or ilic poitulOT intiquiiry."— I^i/'j alag, 

POPULAR RHYMES AND NURSERY TALES, with Hi^toriod 
Eiucidatioos. By J. O. HituWELL, 12mo, cfofA. 4i. fti. 
TLii *En iTiicrcHLDe ^i-l'umfl c^p U.d T™liuof*ia Proverb RLiymE, PlnfM. »nii VamiUa, SBpcnbOrt 

nLD SONGS AND BALLADS -A Litllo Uoolt oi Songti nnd BalbdB, 
" gathorwl &om Ancient Musiu Koolm, MS. ouil Triiittd. bj E. F. Riuqaitlt, 

LLD E S A., ^., 'l»fanUff printed in ^st Svo, pp. i^^y, half moroaeo. Ss. 

"Dr. ILmMult Uu he<j. <Lt -ome .p^ii> lo «>Ui:ct Oiir -orO. of the Smg- *Uich ii«d Ui ddigtiL lb* 

KblLlCB ^J[ f'trlucT tlUlEH." — Alloa- 

ROBIN HOOD.— Tho EobiD Hood GaflandBondBftUada, with tin Tale of "Tha 
Little OoBte," a aUection of aU thn Poemfl. Souga. and BdibuU relating to Ihu 
MlBbrated YMTiiim ; to which i» pruQiod bU Uistorj. f.c>Qi Documoni* hitherto u°™™^ 
By J. AL GnTOit, F.S-A. 2 soL^i. 8vo, wiM wmWoM* fine tpoodmti^ 6^^ ^ ±airkoU, 
ftriro clca. £1, 1j- {oriffinal price £1. 10*-) 

Two Ttry bftfliliorat vtrlunin, At fuf llic driwiDj-iwim Ubl*. 

BALLAD KOMANCES, Bj a. H. aoavst, E»q., Autlior of "Orim," Ao- 
ISino, pp, 2 iS, -^JtJ^A. 3f- (ori^^ina/ price 6». 6rf-) 

dCftriplloHr Kr florud ihcHild imtem mora Palrj 
Tulcdi *n luinw iMQc 1u Pi|iul ttiHi uucB Uic ddjiijr 



ConUtiiiDg the N'^ihto Henri, « Eahfimian Lcgeod^ 
: of Sauictbud Abbey, i tmUid UhruikJclE 



IbeMaak _ ._ 

of Hid ilaUi of Hm^ Joho ^ tbo Efanc Km^lics nf 
09iDFlDtt» K FurjTali>: l^B DiitlBd OE lielom nr Mie 
Pfluionof Andrc-jCoPO; Tctfdflelwt, nWelalilAErndi 
Kgu Cnnalui, a ji^lUbij <iI Uia At^bL Auch i tiiQ Ekfe 
of the WniiJifludB, n ChJlil'i Stor^- 
" E*mF fancy lif tbo mniL altondnaE nud pJclumqmr 



" The fipciiing pnnm iii tfm T^jlump is m ino uue, ft 
li piiTillril IV ^hulilo ]li;^t,' liii-E UDt oulr m titlt 
but in trcbiiQcut well luliuu* tlimjic i>f Uunuwii 



Silt HUGH OP LINCOLN; or an EinuiuiatioQ of > ourion* TraditJou 
respecting tho JEW3. willi a Notice of the Popular Poetry comwotfld irith it. By 
the Rbt, a. Eujjk, LL-D- Bvo, S*. 

ESSAY ON THE ARCH/EOLOGY OF OUH POPULAR 
PDRASES AND Nl'RSERY EHYALES. By J. B. Keb. 2 ^ohi. ISmo. «■» 
eioth, 4d. (orijiflfli prw 12*,) 

A Vdrb wUirh hcu mcL «ith miirh nSiuo aiiiflaB tho 
rtt^tn'rM, tiuT llij^Mi vim All. Um\ nr phiLi il^i^rul pur- 
ailIh wl]| ri'uij JL noir il ii ui hi; hjil ni ii rcry lad- 



gofilplnir nutter. The inthnr't ntlrirpt ii lo emWk 
F^cry Lhm; I'rom Uii^ DuLirh. whirli ha Ldiow «u Uit 
bnic LuigiiKge ni IbB Aiykf^SEiiOD. 



GOTHAM. 

iB. 



]lfERRY TALES OP THE WISE MEN OP 

^^ EiLtod by JiiiEa OHCHAaD Halltwilt^ Esq, F.S-A- Poat 8ro. 

ThdBDiaka UD iqpjiaid to liAie L*m curjk|jr)*rcl in " Jb Lb« iJine •,t Henry ilitf CiEljlh, mJ nt^er,' aijt 
tilcnHyparLDri^e liKCfinthn'ntar^-ljf Dr Ajiilmw inl '^'rt'^'"ll. "il »« nrcounifJii bwk Jiill uf wil Uii 
Bardc^iDc vtli'kDDun ^r'Kcn^liJj' of Mirry A.i^cinr miivli hj mJujljirt ojtd g^uUi-iaibr" 

OAINT PATRICK'S PURGATORY; an Esaay on tb« L^mda of Hell, 
^ purgatory, and Pftmdigc, current during tho Middle Agca. By Tnoiiifl Wbishx, 
M.A., F-a.A., J;c Foflt **ro, c/t«. 6*. 

"ll musl bfl flli^tnPd IhiJt lhi4 im nut u m^rc ae- Iht hrit inTrodnrtiM to Dbdln thcil hoi yet T>eufL pnlK 
count flf ^t. PtUkti'i rorgnLnrj. bnl a riiia|il?lft li\irii"—!itrtjry tltu/lle. 

h^t^nryliiihB\lf^Ddtlal^tiIp^•n^i\is^nwI'i^t^JYlI tnihfl " TlUt hiieh^-ltb to be h cnrimu and cvra mmiAifur 

biiLrji-cr, fi'Uai UF cuLest TlmtB reBfu>''i f^nnt al^l US^. Ixvik on ilro Ain^iEir fuVijtd at Pat'^.yi'uy. m wLiefi 
uvrlloafujin <ild priatol honlu, Mnir'kvtr. a ria- Ibc iillc uuJfcnfTai diCJunanf fUjiciiEiuirn <i;? iIiuai 
lifncea a iLU^iir chapUr of Ijtcnuy liiirnry uLtcJ !<> Vh! tir^i ijtfi^LiT-t| nt ti|!n, pnd llrn ■ipj]LjL^}ni nti^ini 
by WuriuD ind ill funDCTTTjUTrt tfjlh vrlUEii ve att tt deJuruif llie mixiJ choritfu' at Uu: uft in fiiii^ 
ftciiuutedi ood vo UkiolL nt mij bU. thai itlonu Ibey pr«^aaal"— ^Ki^er. 



Voimahle md Mrrr^tms Bookg, Pnhihhr^ or AJ./ At 



NOBLE AXP RKXO^VNKT* HISTOIIY OP GUY, EAfiLM 
WAltWlCK, vvM^iiMftj » Tiill u>d Tn« Ai-coaitt of hid c^^ ^^ «! 

pHILOSOPliV OF \iYlC\\CKM^,(Cki^wiart>9fauCm^i 



ACTOIIMT OP THE TRIAL, CONFESSION, AND CSS* 

WONDERFUL DISCOATUY OP THE WITCHCRAFTS W 
MAUOARLT AJiil l^niLT? FLOWEtl, Doyebten. of Jcu Jiow^. wBot 
nMtoir), uccutrd tt liinoiln, tor »nrr<fm|F tbonueiv^a Acton in the DcsUonatf 
L»rd BoWi^ Sou ol the ILot^t of RkilUnd, iras. 8tq. U. 



BibliosrapSp, 



TJinUOTHECA MAT^UIGALLVNA.— A BibiiogriphMMi Aammirfib 

-'^ Muitnl uiJ P<rftical \\'u)k* jJiibliBhcd in EnfiLiDd duriog the Sixtcvmli «Dd ft<^ 
UeiiUi CmliirU'*, under ilii- Tu1i-b of iliJri^^als, BiUcU^ ArtVflL Uu]£oiie;Uk A^ k^ it 
Kdwiw>F. KiMo*ri.T. 1X1).. F.S.A 8so. c/<j/A. 6*. -^ —> — -™-*-*^ -J 

U iT^fil»«rl4««{iIlKohiLEfEuDid»ir^l>e<d bj Abi4, CAtalQ^iu of Lj^cml Pottry tf CW Art * iM 

THE MANDSCRrPT RARITIES OP THE UNI\"EitSrnr OP 
CAMElUDGli. By J- 0, Haujwell, F,B.S. Sto, &<i#, 3i (rrnjw^ |tfc 

OOME ACCOUNT OF THE POPULAR TRACTS, fo«,*rtr a tb 

■^ Libi»ijofCapUmOoi,ofOo¥enliy, Ll>. ISJS- B^ J. O, ittiuwEu^ 3^^ 
GO frkuttd^ texed. It, 

CATALOGUE OP THE CONTENTS OP THE CODEX HOt- 
BROOKl-\JsUS. (ASoieutiQ^rMS.) By Dr. John Hqibrook, Jla^uv of Scftto'l 

ACCOUNT OF THE VERNON MANUSCRIPT, AVdnmrf 

**- Eflriy Ensliah Pcwtri', pn*ervcd iu liiu BodWa litrary. Bj J. O. Haxuhkk 
8t{>, on/fr 50 pri»lcd. If. 

IBLIOTHECA CANTIANA. 



TJIBLIOTHECA CANTIANA. ABibliog«pbbii Account of«i;»th«ta 

■^ |mbli>ta\! 00 iliB Hi-ii>rv, Topography, Ajiiiquilirfl, Cuatoma. and F*mn, rw^u. 
of tho Cors-TY of Ksst. w.tU BioffraphiW >oU-*. By Jo«s RpaaEi.^ i^l!?^?* 
biHidiOine Svo Toluoie, pp. 37l», t^ f^o plata t^yncnniUi <^Aukmra»Ju 0/S3«libJ 
.£■»/«> tyi-iUru, 61L (or^iM^yrkw 14*,)— LuIob f^fHi lOw. 6^ W *> ^■™" 

iWistcUanics. 

TVTEW FACTS AND VERUICATIONS OF 4XCII:NT RRI 

J-l TISH UISTOEV. Bj tU 2o>-. Bealb I'o.i-^ a«. ,wM «lff^«.>j,., rf^ 

rpHOMAS SPROTT'S (» m<mt 0/ CM^, Hr«. lasO) Clmmide of Vrate 

A w>d ti.D«d Uiitory. l-mn^Uled from tl,,, orig.„„J MS., on IS p«vh»,cn. a.».i. 

iniHoncco, accoinfaiiini wHA an exact Facirlmile of iheetiCir* Codtr 37 jferf Im7 
nmid morocco cat, tuiv ilLLt mlsiED, very auiuiu. £2. 3r. ' •"^ft' 

fpONSTALL (Ciit!il«rt, fljiA*,;, o/Ci,rAa,»), iScrmun praiplujd on PJm SbhAiT 

163a. ^?l,Lo u"^','™^ ''^"' '*^""'"' "'^'"'"'" ■^•"' '*• "" ■^'""^ <^/ Jl*«^'^ 



John Russell Smith, 36, Soho Sguare, London. 



LAPPENBEKti'5 HISTORY OF ENGIjAND, under mo Aneto-Saioo 
Rings, TraiislalcJ bj Uenj. Tnours, uilA Addiiiotu and CorrcctiouM, byihoAaiUor 
flui Translator, 2 ^ola. 8vo» WofA. J2j. (ori^in<tt j'fice £1. U.) 

' Df modem »riVtlnniniMlrQiicllcdlollJtlllil£>rj Ihc luflt ftndiiirriT puiilein ppnrlrtlLnpthf IrsbTTinth 
*f Lii^litEiil b; l«ppru>»'r](. ILe um flJ ^lufh. mora t/ miy LditLiaA Jiiil'ji'v."--"A'f^^i0 ^^r^/ vhJ jaw 

tOFliculjirlf iactojunniDTi ivilbtliG IntntLuL on pivrn ^Itlit ■■ J^r UtfA-Mtiit Hiiglait^t ten Lr. Rsiiui^ 
ylttnrpv uid»iirh?il by triAt thiHCBcbolnn. 4ilvrdi rauli"—]ft'l^n. IHBL 

LETTERS OF THE KINGS OF ENGLAND, i«o«;frjf«»f?«toi from 
tbc originaJ^ in RotbI Arohires, and from olhtT aulhenliv HoiircesT privnti! at wp]l m 
putlic, Edi(i-<1 "itli liistorical lotroitutstion and Notna, bj J. O. JJalliwcll, Twq 
UlNlHiOUE voii'UEe, poftt 8vo, wntJt poriraiU qf Ile»ry VU£ and Charlea I, dvlh, 8f. 
(origitial jtria £l It.) 

TliPBc TL>i'jD]c> form « goad couiiPUikiB to EUU*! 
OnffiDil 1^1 Lcn 

Ttr rH>llf'linii tnmBri^n fnr thf *Mt limt lAc Idtd 
IctLcra of ileuij liie VLll. toAncc nukva iDacDm- 
pMe fumi. h1li''Ii ma; ht ta^nrdr-i] <»Fpiinj»i oi iLe 
DKKt iiniriilu JiK'uniEiiU or tW ^luJ Uml fjovc Hc- 



DKKt iinpiilu JlK'UniEllU < 
umilffrl Lu nuT titun, tht ttricB "i l?Ui:n of Eil- 
WviJ VI KiU ^r [iiunil vcn tnLerustiup; tpctLnk^mof 
mmtHdiEiLth. sonic tif tlit letter* uNhiiu-bI. Ijjllifrto 
unpuliliiLfd. throw iij!;Moii ih( murdir iff U^itIhi^^, 
und pn.vf (n'jjiiiJ ■ (loubt Ihc K.LJ1L' Hiis mipLictliil 
JEI it ED lointuTrkumJuuir^'aiuJ uupteasiLDt haj: but 



bd ]rn<^ in tic Dnkeor Hurl: iii^bTii arc oTHiviHEiit 
Biapikr nntuiXi onI» ima^iiv^ a Inrtr fi-iini i to 
Vmi^kto liLi iiniikETiiiTt,»ri'rr'i]iL&iehrLnvlliiii; "Uj 
(in.a*cul bpd ilcarcitaj, l>;ctiiii|^ blesno^.Ueibmo 
on tJiT lieort-rouEBDndHll rljiup" rnLnCliiir-li* tuS 
Ibe liukc o( ILuc^inclium'B Joumcr mlo ^pdUi hat 
ncvei bc-D tiLrcjix u ruljij LlltutrrLted <» il !■ Ijk rb 
iIofunwiJUfkitL ui ihiiirork. vlm^iJio tpduUntli' 
tery i'ilj-hfus lelEtrh fruin tlie Uiiic diuJ DueUru ifl 
Bin kih^U/nu 10 JjuiiL-i I. l^rtht'c ^ttiiPttialcom 



ALES- — RorAJi VifliiB AND TBOanffBapB to WiLEa, uid the Bordor Countim 
of CnrpniBEj SAtov, HkrefouU, ami MosHomi, Trom Jii!iii.*' Ctnnr, ia Queen 



VicloriA, induttin^ a iurdiitl Uutory of tho Coiuitir ajicj rco|jli», ]iiirtii:tilflrlv of llie Imd 
Ing Fniiiiliea vlio i'oin-hi during (Iio Civil Worn i.if CJiorloB I., thi? lultrr Jrau'i M.S3. oeTor 
Li?lorc publuliGd- By EnWAltD FftRltr- A Laniho\ae Ito totmne, Kith man^ wood 
£/i^apinffa, and Jlne porlrait of the i^ueen, cl</th. £1. 1*. 

HUNTER'S (Rev, Joaeph) HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL 
TRACTS. Toflt Eto, S», G^, each. 



iV. ^'liD Itolliii lli-ru. " Ouliin Hrxn] " IiLi prrujiJ 



! Agiftfniirt; Bcantriljutina, lowiLrdi im tulhi'iitic 
Llilof Uir CamnuLiidcn Df tlie Eu^Lih likut m Iv-uf 
tlrnry Ut" hltti't Ei[M:Ji1ioa- 

II. OiUefiKini coiLi^cniii]^ the Foundrn of NeV 
I^lriaoalh, tliD AjBt ColoJiutt oT Ntw EagJmd. 

A UCHERY, — Tlie Scimce of An.'hcr^, aliewioe tfa nlHiiLtj to Horaldrj, and cmm- 
-^ biluiet of Attflinment. Bj A. V. HAiitiaas. Bvo, jtwi, ir 
TLLUSTRATIONS OF EATING, d^playmg the OmnivorouB ChaPAfter of 
-"- Uiin, &nd cxtibiling tlio Nulivod uf Torioiu C&UDtiiu qC fi^diuc-lmio, By ii B^Lf- 
ElTEB. Fcap. 6to, wi/A v0ot^^. £«. 

■PLEMENTS OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE; bmng * Tnm«Ltbn of 

-■-^ tlio Third Part i>f aojrboifl's " Tmitc ElementAir^ de in Construction de« A'aifibeaui." 
Uj J, K, StelanqSi ConjjnrujJcr, Jl,Ii. Bvo, n-tf&Jivc larjr Jvlding pitite* t:lijih ba 

TECTURES ON NAVAL AHCHITECTUHEi boing .1,. s.b,t.n™ of 
-*-* llioBQ deliTcred at Ihe United Service Institution. By K, GiBi>ufEfi FiBujujcitftL' 
Coaunimder, il.N. bvo, plaiet, dolh. Si. (id. ' 

BotL tb«ia VtrLu ■U'C jmliiiihcil id tU<]B[nLllD;t of tUa " U'aVn SyafCfH,*' 

NEW YORK IN THE \"EAU I6L50, ^iibPimnBof ehi-Cit> Mdr^ru 
ihc; thro eii^ted. B^v tho Ber- JoHir Muj^a, Itowjli-d printed. 
2t-Gd. {ari^Hirl price 'U.Gd.) 

THOUGHTS IN VERSE FOR THE AFFLICTED. ByaCorMmY 
OlTUATH. SqUiUiJ 12mo, JpfC^. 1». 

"pOEMS, pnHlj fif Eural Life, in NnlLonol Enelinb- Bt tha Eev, WauAH Bahsej, 
■'- aiiUigf of ** Pooms in thcj Djrsti Uialecl." l£ino, cloth. 



09 

6vo, Uv, 



6j. 



TAIFS AND STRAYS, A CoUculioa of Poctiy. l2mo, ofl/y 2S0 ^iflfftf, 
chUjly fur prcjientiy 8et.oed. Lt, 6rf- 

JIRROUR OF JUSTICES, i^TitCcnan^inidJym the old Frcni'}., long bi^foro 
■^'■■- llin Conquffll, and many lliiiign nddcd bv Aj^natw HousK, Translated b? W 
HCQiiiB, of Graj'* Tnn. 12mo. c/o^A- 2j, "^ 

A GUiluUt^ lALmatui^ aul amkeuuc troktiit uii lucimt Ca^luh Ut. 







Valuable and Jnterfaiinff Books, PubiisTted or Sold By 



pONTRIRUTIONS TO LITERATURE HISTORICAL. AS- 

^ TigUARtAN, and METRICAL, Bj lUnE A^TOTfr Loitbb^ M J.. liX 

Author of "EtKftVB un KiigLfik fiiinuoieii" " CurioaiLia of HeniUn/' Ac PiMttl% 

1 On Lixal NommrlAtuTV- 

2 On ihi? Baltic of 1]]Uti»^a, «n KLftorual Eomja 

3 The L>~^rd Da^^fr, lits oi^umfid end ; n BalLnd. 

4 Uuloriflal aad Archnclo^r'a] Klmoir on the Iron "^Tot-k* vf llv? SmiA 

of Enf-land, vntM mmtrifH^ Htust rations, 

6 Wim^hrlica'p IJpUvn-onois or thi* tilout Alibotof Battav)^ ; in Ttirm Fyci& 
B TKc South Dovns, n Skdch i Uuloruiil, An«tfdotic^ itud X><wcri^litih 

7 On Ye« TrCM in Clitiroli-jftpds, 

8 A Ljttd Oeitf of a Greau Ede i • plfacaimt BftUada. 

9 A Di^ivurw of GiTipjiliigj. 

10 An AnliqnDrian PtLsriiuAge in Normuidy, iiriUk it^odcmtM. 

11 AliBCoUkncn, Ac &x. kc^ 



undine in Ihli vnlnioD. Hr Lovcr> jokri nn 
nf fte uldvd-^aa h*tU tht plHiAHLn'<« of on in- 
U^tmrr,— Inn, OB tTw vboli. m aeUdiii mccl *itt 
Bknre rfwIbUtn tati^Dnnan nvfl thin Lhitt. Muit 
fif tl;riv ItB'B hrea pnntnl clan-hrrB, Cick, oa ihi 
fl<mtli iH^wnt. ntnttitni tLfhnlof tke nnr tattla. 
Tttc ftiil^^tir Ji «L li»'tnp<iiith« *uie vipftP«e of IbfW 
ehuLL Pkitfti Itc iitrqki yntit knintriciikrt if ilifl 

no'^t'i,— i^f Hie fh>lk4rft aid Irufn^a of old iTnvt 
*liiul] ■'kD «Li-j>iiji| iniijiknl the tenucilrred irlibbb- 
taitl', nji4lb.if i\.'- Litl'iPH-n] ufncAtioaaw^Lrh icnda 
frirhriL.^I n^nik? ■[•□UiiUimriH of liltio ml cimL— 

}1mi nf Hkfl ptprra iq tliji Tiiliimfi haie Hlrfiid' 
■ipiivamL in pciijJiralJ, bid u tlie CoUecliiPiu oT 



thfl ?«uan AivhvoTnpril Soa^ty Tin «rt vtf 
nmrth; or ^willK pnnirJ m « ft>llp-I«iJ font- Ita 
■rcniini of Ui«ltBlElB 4]f HB-iTtBiTi ami thw vf^^ 
DB the s..LLibn-n Imri n'mLp c'rrit±iiii ni>r(«i'*f k» 
tanml vninr, m nd<ljiii>n to ilmr Imroi tfif0#M w 
aiDiiFii4>ii with UtD ij^^*^m|rUjr luiij iirli^nViDi( 
Siuin AmitL^ Ihi- p]ijtt.'rrL U'lV p^ii-ttJ fur Ibr iM 
tiinrtb4i.on tlirSonlTi lk<*-ut ■•Tltrco^ikE LknT-icUi( 
ADii wtJI \ft FEiiJ vuii raiirh in' ' ' ttf 

inforrnntinD if coctiuat uiui il,^ ..( b 

H^Lirli ill! uTitten- Ihtnr nfr .;^» 

frnpvJnDi offr^cpy, ui*J h<ir^ji ' M 

Aoi'inif Uit mlnii C4>ntfihuUuit^ ^ 

pii]>rr i>ii Lonl NuihtiiciBliiri: i -^^ 

■D|:p^ciiM]S Ai^r;^^l.llcr jl i» <4f 
a^nablE uiJ mitraci:vc irKiJiEi^^ 



TTANDBOOK to the LIBRARY of tlie BRITISH MtrSEI^^, 

^ '- ooTiUuninc b brit-f Hiatorj of il* Formnlion, and of Ihc Toriouj CoU<^-li'>fifl rf 
which it is conipoapd j DescDptione nf Ibo t'alnloguea in prewnt uAe ; riniarjd Li*U of 
ilie Mnatitcviplfi, &c.; nnd b tsj-iety of InfnmwTlrin ijid^j^cnsBble for the *'Bcacfrn" 
at lliat InatitutioD ; wrth oOttio Account of Ihd priuciptil Public: Libr&ri^v in LondoiL 
Bj Rtciia£1> Sims, of the Depfirtroent of Manuscripts, Conxpiler of the " Ind« to 

tha Huvldft' Vifitiitinnft." fin^U 8vo, pp- 4S6, mtk map and pfaa, eiotA, 5# 



It iriU bd foond % vcn lurfnl wort; to eioy 
Uurarj ficiBOD « pnbUc uiUtatw* is »U puU <r 
tlir world. 

What Ur AhEodid IViitrE>, tbe knricT ti tbi 
dr|i4inDenl ni jirJiil''*^ t»i^>k*, b4I_*» rmgil 1* donf. 
Ur RichBiO Situ4, of the Uiipuliai^nt uf tbfl nma- 



Ubrarj nr the Bnliib Miurom U n vtrr fOVw*- 
hrntiTt tnd (UvtrULtbrc volume 1 hBrtucKtutt 
«|jitiiii rf "Ff^DDpUBftf IhcCoblentt uf thcr Ihrall 
UuKuiu" LrnuiD iDi: — I anDat np<fi ^n an « ^t- 
Urtli rJiCion ''ftbt Ha*ii-iv>t. buT il ifcvtird Inlv 
Ii)iir<il t>y (lit diJci'f tip SjuobtJt, ■ml I vcutunn 
prfdirL for it a wide curiLktiun — Jfr. fdUv* 



A GRAMMAR of BRITISH HERALDRY, «m>uUiig of "BUfw- 

-'*- and " MDrBhulIJnR," wi(h br InlroduDtiuin.*i> The Rise and PrtigreM of SjiatKilt 
and Knai^ns, Bj tha RfT. W- SLOiSS ETina, B-A, 8vo, vHh 26 ptaitt, eomprui^ 

One q( ibD treff iairDductloni ever pubUlhcil- 

A PLEA FOR THE ANTIQUITY OF HEBALDBY, wiHi m 

-**- Attempt to Eipound itaTtieoiynndKludcbilBitBliielorj- JjjW.Sil.tm tuLii 
Etq., of the Midaio 'Icinplu- 8tD, jpueJ, U 6tf 

A FEW NOTES ON SEAKESPEABE, irithO(*WiOn»lReniark<an 
-'^ ihi' Erumidjitioiia of the MBmiscript-Concctpr in Mr. CoUiec'* copy of the foUo^ 
1632. By the lioT. Ai.Eiasdb& Dyci. 870, clalk 5* 



Ur, Djfp'i NciM sro prcnlnrlj rlelipljtfiil. rroio 
n(idiD)iDof only fLinooff'^u^HTJlcn, bill HiarjiigthfiiB 



bu cnihlcd hhn [u etrifll Lben. AD that hi Tw 
(cmrdrtl IB »«iluablfl. "We iM-l bia Iit1]« «#}■■■« 



John Russeit Smithy 36, Solto Square^ London. 



A FEW WOBDS IN REPLY TO MR. DYCE'S " FEW NOTES 

■^■- ON SHAEESPEARE," By fhe fic^. Joaprn UcKinn, 8to,™Mrf. U 

rpHE GRLMALDI SHAKESPEARE— HotanndEmBudiitioniDnib* 

-^ PifljB of ShnkctpenTM from a reoontlj-fUacoTe^ annoUtod copy by the late 
JoaiFH Griuiu)!, Eiq., Comedian. 6t[), ai/v. If 

L A humDoroiu Squib on Lbe htn ShakopBin Emfiiditlou. 

OHAKESPEARE'S \^KSIFlCATION und itflflprarentlrrPguliritio* 

^-^ rxplauied hy Exainplea from i^rtrlr and lafe EiigUeh Writ4T(t^ Bj the-' late 
Wtiliah Sidmst Walebh, fonruTlj Fellow of Trinity CoUege, Cunbridfe; edited 
bj W- Hawson LETT^uii, Esq, Fcp. 8fo, c^^4. 6*, 

Fa philological grammar, g«und«InponErglUl»»flBdfi>nTnsd 
''*■ from tk mmpBiiflon of moro than SUty XflnguajjcB, Bang an Introduetinn 
Ut tho Su*ion» ol' Gmmmnrt of nlj Lanirimj^, csppciillj EoijliBh, Ifltin, and Greek. 
By the R^.W. BaHnhs, B.D-, of Bl, Joliu'a CoUcgii, CnmbridgE?. AuflirFrof" Poom* 

mtliB roTMl Dialed," *' Auglo Shod Ddfctus," Sx^ 6vo, pp, 323, doti, 9» 
fpIM BOBBIN'S LANCASHIRE DIALECT, ^thhwEiiymf* end 

"'' j\n cnUr^Ff) GTofl&nry of Worda uhd PlimK», v»e^ hv the RumI Pn|nilBtion of 
South LaiLCJuUiro. By Sauch^ Baxpobj), IZmo, the anioQEi cdicion, H</tki 3f G^i 



■RHITANNIC RESEARCUES : «. Hbw F«tfl and BecliBrali™ of 
^^ Anpimt Briliflti Tlirtoiy. By tho HflT. Bbals PobTK, W-A- 870, (pp. 413) 
viM njp^<ipm^j, f^o(A. IE}/ 



Tilt ittlhoT of Ihiafohmc Tnn]r jtutljr tWm 

«nili[ Tur <VDA]H|fffilp|>- lUBrUinp, ^n>l EmlQiLr^. 
uid, abort Ti[l, ■iriJiLK faiLb lb Uig in:<r»[ anil im- 
p.hri.tni'e iif t»Lf tttl'jrct. . . . ^ . Op vp.r-L^na 
pninli liu hfli Gii''n lie ul^ljiLaiid infiirmiLliuii irnl 
ATTurrli^'L p» m'w Ml**, irir ^hich »■ »ro bound to 
Ihuil him- Ihr Lwly {.f Iha bL>ok u fnllnicd ^J a 
Trrjr Hfinjili'li^ mJ^i, to aa in miilvr rH'f«vnn< Ut 
■Dj pari vftt ntjr -. Uiii wu rht siurmccbiiELr^ on 
mount of tia rnnllifuriniiMncvi nf tba in[Licii 
tnalid. the nrtelj of iirnoni iDraUuhtil, nnil Lhff 
But worka rf untfld — Jilinhntmjirt. ^, 1^1 

Tn« Itfv. BuJe Poale liu Ion; fi'm tmiwiL to 
UtlguuictaionDDT Ihc U;it1 irnd nf nM th-ii' vho 
lure EluddHtc' ibr nrlknt imuah of Elii* munrrT. 
Kv i«JL prutioJ UBD, liu iDfFUinlcfl for liJmtcU 
btonuu>rDlfl nod cDinuscriiiU, ud frr h>Tr in Ihd 
tawTfr-auucil fdame Uu Irnlti ttf biuj' ftart' pa- 



tletil ttndj. Hut iilii«la wWch 1^ ofcapj &fl 

of llie pniKdpil Dritiah powm brf.m Hit Uomna 
funr|iicol— under Ihp fci'nrLii di^Hil n n m. ""il alru^ 

Slin^ unnifccti'iilly n^niii^t |he Aniilo'SaKin rarit; 
Tbr ^'■jrnpliTirf A'nr]>-ir Bnlain. a. Ab lri¥rs- 
tignli' D of llii; AfifJcnt Rrilub TU>T'"in"'i, Gtl'Jfla 
ua N>n[iLiri, ftH'l Ihi- TTHiK (Llnrtue R liili pbroui- 
'elrra, * Tlkdnncitmiluiniininunicmiiif llicCritio 
jmriiHli ntid. !b»i.lv, wna cum^iw mJ. intcrcitmi 
Di>ti«i rtC llic oriT Untitl* cburrii. Sir. Vi^ip baa 
Dri{ biufhrj rn mbkrii vliich hh'D rt'ci'iiul nrjch 
mtiyDUiih fforn oihm, si^P in *a*f* nhr'n: !ir hrul 
■kPipTlNiip nrvr Iei tiSa. Hnil lUn \dijmc muBt bo 
TfprJiJ. ilirrrforr "* nn sulirriy bp* p-iIIitihjU iif 
djiHivvri'^l niir| dnkr^unt icituint toilhrnw Ughl 
m thcilurLnlv* «HI ;it Ibt earlinl puitiOL ul iiui 



nOINS OF CUNOBELINE and of the ANCIENT BRITONS. 

^-^ B7 the Rer. ItxiLJ P&aTE, B.CX. 8vo, p^ui***, o/iti man^ hjooJchJj, cf&^A (^"'j 
40^rt£>fl. JC1.8J 



T> ARONIA ANGLIA CONCENTRATA : or a Conoeniraiion of all 

-'-' the Buroiii« ratli-d Bnmnif?? in Fiw, tliriTing their Ori^ri" fi-oiii Wril of Sum- 
niooa, and not from nny »i>rcit^e Liiuiti^ CrtafioiT, •*howinfj ihe J^-'rt'iit atiii Line of 
Heirabip, m well tu tb^jso FiiOiilifB mcnLioned by Sir Willinm Diir'tiaic, rtt of thosu 
*horo tfiBt n?lc>imt<>d nuthnr hnii niriiltc.l toiiafii?'"; in^TVippiirJ wiih I[ilfr?Bline?^fi*i«^ 
and Eipbinntoi? Et^markd, Whereto in added lln* Proofs of PndiamfolJiTy Siitmg 
iroiD thv Hiicn of Edward 1 lo Queen Auup; also Ghj/iarff qf J}crnant Efgi^. 
Scolch, and iriih J'eera^e Tilhf, vitA tvftrtac^ to pnnmed niJiUnff Heir*. By Sir 
^< C. Bamcb- S tqIs- 410, ctolh. £3 3x sov omjihn fok I&j 



DiOr of ill' " IVinrisnl ■ucl flilinft PtcranF," uml 

rlirj\i'pcn\ pDnoilK aii^hl 1i» ■r'-liTp ■ njpy wbtlr 



ft"D»ii Smiin, Rtiit tJi": luainliiULfli of tLc Urttcruf 
Nrice <?r<kiLA K'i'iiir'**, duiLiii^iiiiEiiDi ihobQ Kim 
had idAui ul louiil Lkuffh 



Vahahh an/i fntereittitiff Brooks, PttlUfihed or SotJ ly 



II 



JJuoks. 



KTROSPECTIVE UK\IEW (S.-w Soriw)- ronHMifi^ of Criti^™ ' 



Vul. 1, Hfo, p[i, 4;M, c^A. \KH Ski 

CtnTTBWTB OF Kd. 7« 

1 $if WiUiiiin I}iiTenriLnt, Poet [jSiinvta nnil Drtttnatut, IC73, 

5 Cfloko'a '*Poor Mmi'* CMf," IGlfl. 
a Olil KngUHli I^tliT-wriiine i Anpil Da/a English SivretAij, 15^3; 

W. l^iilwooirft Euemj of IdlfTha»t'. 
4 The OEil FnclLM of Qftrdiiung ^ TLos. EIjtL'a Qnofo And riMMont 

6 Kit>»liih I'iflilJE'a! Son|) aai] Sntin^, from King John to Gvor^ L 
6 MeiUv^nl Tra^ellt-TA in ihe IIj[j Lqul). 
9 TIld Allit^iilnu LotloR, bj LorJ llArdvrifk« «id OlUnv. 
8 Tlio WritJTipj ol" Waco Ihu T^oll^^^c. 
A^BCDOTA LiTHttAlflA.— iN^py's Dipwtioiia For Ihp DupmiitiOD 

li» LiiiTAFy^ A Lrg<?(irtMrj Pi»iii of tins 15r1i Cminf-y, lbs fitoi^ 
Lud at Falnioulli, iu Curcwfill: both now first pruiWiJL 

CoaTKSTS OF Ho. VL 
1 DnTtori'* FolTotbtoit. 
fl Penn^v No Cro» IVo Crown, 

3 Luitjbanlii'a FflrAinbulalioti offfciit. 

4 PI(ilorto|iliy of lliij Tdbb lu tho Tuaa of Charl* 1, 

5 Itu^ia imJ.-r Pclcr the Gr.-at, 

6 Lirn nnii Warkj of Loluid, Iho Anrlquaiy- 

7 ihu Dwty of Good Manuera. 

8 3U-|>hcn'p EMa^ea ntid Cbw*B<Tter»pl6l5- 

A5ioiH:rti Lii^UABJi. — Tlut CkUd of ISrutow, a Untried Lt-gouL 



U tiilriiilriLlani>pl]riplBCi.'anAlIrdiD anr prnotlU 
fxil Liii'racurt, auil ilih nm ituntiHT La itrr^ uUi- 
fogliirvr Tiic piijyj* arc vnricd mJ tnLFmlJDj;, nol 
(tHi'rlLiiit 111 lIiE (tit^luv k^ioo lEkurl] Inrum^ fuf TSc 
dc[ii<nil teadiT, tiul iliriwiny lunii'icDt rncjirclt oillJ 
ii]ilbBl.cv oil l|t<: I'tI oi il»-i iinLi:ra ki ilifliujatilL 
tLir iirlLclu /rum ripre cpli*mpmJ rcticTTj of piiaa:nj( 
ii>UlL[ati-»it- Ld the prrti-rcEut (ba oJitor hj« 
1-lDf ll.B 



li ia our Jfii^u to ifk'rl, ln>ulbii (j<t bcl 



tDiiilcTTflmnliTn mdcrtj ve vban liTbrlbRlbiB 
from rirnr la lime, etii^i qh ivrinu braHtiqi/ 
tltc IIUtdliitd uf flviucE ilAjAt £biiLuIl or fonawii 
vt bIlqII ^ireirniunit of rirc unf ntrtra* bouif ; 
|puJnL oul AiiJ VHei^ fi>r" bj J 'pcnulic4 fiinn furiuftrn 
Diillion ; onJ iFil the knuvlHrv uij i^ieul'Ii* nf 
Qib^nlAjB " Ihs it»rpn 'V Kcll carnVU out la (bia 
hUmCiFr. ami will, ia dnulil, bv fiu llitr Unrlnpcd •• 
Uie wQfk vdmocfla. It ialolir pu t>f n L rd g ■■> ru.»Jjj 
tt 4TerjrD0rJtf>tcprin,uiikinl}, »c hato boJwgii^ 



llEMAINS OF PAGAN SAXONDOM, prinri™ilj fann T-miuli h 

YoMOE AKKfljiiT*. Fdloff mid Secretary of tha Bociety of AEtiqiiariea. Aco, p^tU 
1 to II. 2j 6rf *dci {Pt. 10 I* /Atf prw*), 

1\\.c platcA arc julniimhly rttfuLnl by Hr. BjuirF» and coloucd iiDdn the dEjcctim of Uia AbUkT' 
lUm^tirk veJL uurtlir tlii; ooLdfloltLD ArrbvuEuiiibL 

WILTSHIRE TALES, lUajtmtir* of It^i Mnntjm.Cujlora^.ndDUIfvt 
of thttt audA<]Ji>mLngCouQtws. By JoQxToN^E Ai££UU\?f^ 12t]H>, rfoM. S«6rf 

We wih ronrhiiEr "iTb 4 fliiunle, Ijat henrtj IT- 
C'lLtFtiLiiiljiEiuii u/ n Ijiltc bnnk *l4i'r}t id b ?tujitwir- 
cui, for til? tIn>[irrLrB of 1-hri iLortn, u it u in- 
l>-rdlinp )■■ > ]iii!iun uf nidfle idmuiuti. — TaJ/t^j 

Vkm( of CliO pruviikriiiLtniip I'uLar Li> lliii cdunlj 
uul IbP ilLftlrLi'lt of nlhrr i^'tiJiiliii t^riikkf 011 hi 
DUrthtra botiluEi, and puiiHB tLc nJiIiLiaaal rixoDi- 



mrnilnl>an i^pmnvinQ rLe olj inn^ land 1^ iln 
to uljK-h \\xty bTC lung;H vUitli ar-i aUIJ l.i iHrkoMlt 
aL Eiii^ai barvnt hoiuca aq J qi li^r mm^ mk^iiin — 
(Itc vull-knikwu " llf rr'f v lirqiiL t'l i>tkr mtfoirir* 
idJ > " \ pie upcrn lite penr trrp lo[i" nmoiix t^ 
rrMT. Uudi to iLhj ^IiiE(i'u^iii(, lli^n^rirr^ ma/X te lb* 
fifncraJ n:'4iJer, Wm butik h ill intcmtiu 1 



TTISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OP THE TOWN OP 

■*"*' MAELBORODOU, md more gfncrally of the enliro HuitdrcJ of SdUi^ in 

T^'UULiro. By J.iA}J93 ^VAl^LII^^ Eaq. TLiik 6fO, ■n/otfciifj, ^£ci£A. lt# 

Thia TDlBDia ilaunlju n purtiiw bf Tilla DDtgccapiBdlfj &r B.C-llwn bsj 4(hol 



John Rasstll Smithj 36^ Soha Square, London. 

S;iUILLA ECCLESI.E IIIBKBNIC^ ILLUSTKATA. ni« 

BiOHiitD Cauuield, A,B. 8to. Ptrt 1— CxfluBt and Ekj-y, mUt 12 fl«yroiwij*j 

T jLSTEK JOTTRNAL OF ARCIL^OLOGT: wnrfurtrf und^ tho 

^^ luperinttTKlt'iiiw of A Committee of Arcliitt^logiBie nt Bi^'ITiist. HanclBoiiifLir 
priiilfd in -H<i, tuil/i enffraciwix. F^iLfi^ficii quarterltf. A'^itudt Stibtcriftioi\ 13#, 
(JVuf aald in jiu^^fd Aiu.) No*. 1 io h are roadjf, 

DESCUIFTIVE CATALOGUE OF THE COLLECTIOK OP 
ANTIQUITIES* and other Objects nUutrnliTt' of Iri'li Ui^lai j. ^hib^tcd in 

Die Qi^lTnst MiuL^um, ni the Meeting of tlto Eritish Aaswuti^i, Bup. UJ&2, with 
AiiCiijiLuri&ii Notes, Qva, imcai. It 6d 

ANTIQUITIES OF SHROPSHIRE. By the Rot. r, w. Evton, 

■'*■ Ri^ctor of RjtOD, Royal Svo, mtU piittM. PaitsItolJI. ^ eacJt. i'ub- 
T\,c Wcrb will utcod At [art (D Are n>1ann 4r vHhdm- h'l buik! tiin Uie mbllciiloii d/ bv 

ANTIQUITIES OF THE BOROUGH OF I.KKDS, .i^^ibcH 

^* ami lUuBlmlad. By JiHEfl WittDSLL, Eshj. SvOj IG ^''j(Mi mvatl^ coloured. 
7* GJ— UutWR PAl-Ett. 13* 

TTISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY 

^"^ of SiLLEV* in CriTrn, Yorkshire, iti FounJntion RnU Bpnefuciorj, Ablxtta, 
pDH»M4ioQd, Compotii4» kud nijsolntioTi, find iti exijtiug iMTiuaiiu. EJibnl bj 

A DESCRIPTIVE ACCOLfNT OF LIVERPOOL, « it™ during 
the JbbI Quarter of the EijfhietntU Ccnlury, I77S— 1800. By RioniitD 
BboOKB^ Eaq.^ F.S.A- A hondfloma toL Royal Sto^ u-iVA /i^i«irci/itrtu, Wo^A. £1. 5« 

Iq «rli1jiinTi la ipronnjil4nu relatiirc bi (he Public tlih«1, rspcctinir Uic Fuwiir*. Etal»i1r, uulAmDH- 

BiiJilint^, ^<raritUn. bikJ Ct'mmvru of the Tiiwn^ mtmi ur crio InfiqlnlJinTi uT LUcrfKurt iluim^ Uiat 

ll*u Kiirk raiiUiQ' 4iiiaF ririoui uuJ inlFrfttuj^ (chod. wilfa Viewt uJ iLiFul^bc LiJiUi'd- 
pAi-UcuLan, wbirL lUTCDflVU Iihd prrrkiLiiljr puti- 

A GUIDE TO LYNTON AND PLACES ADJACENT, IN 

-t»- KORTII DE^'ON, intlinling Ilfracombu. I3j T. H- CtKivat ISinu, & ptalv^^ 
Old M'ip oj Narth Ducot^ doth. Hf €ii 

XTISTORY OF GREAT YAR3\I0UTH, c<.nt.ini«a tiie Orii;in, Fouo- 

- Jnliun, and Hinrory of ihaJ Anci.-fit foraii^h ; and jqi A<-'<HJU]tt uf lia Gf\i-rn- 

mtinl, Incxjrpornlion, Liberties, mid FninphisiMi willi a Ik-Boriplion of UiePublio 
Biiddjn^ Cliurch«5» ContenlApOnd t'tbfr &i'|j^cua Ooilbob of tho Middle Agc«, £<.■, 
Compiled by Henuy Mahumtp, Town Clerk tcm}i. Qiuvn Fh^uiSrth, KHilpJ by 
CoxKLKB John TALaua, F-HA. Tbiak voLj post Ito^ pp. 4&6, with 11 illHalratwt4, 

A RCHJCOLOGICAL MINE, ■ MagMine in wlurfi win he conpris^^ 
■^*- the llial^jry of K<.Tit, foimdi/d on tixe bnai* of lliiitpd. iiy A. J. DvJiEla. Bvo, 
PflTt« 1 to 12. PttLluktd Miii^thli/. Srf forA 

T)UNCUMB'S (Rev. John) HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES 

^^ of tlie County of Bircfbrd. £ voU* ^tOj ^orlrait* atid yfifirti, kc^s vm ho'irtft. 

£1. 4« HiTf^fi.r't, ISfH-ia 

Tiiii {■IhemlrHfalortoflli* CraaiT j ^T»(Hilicd TdlurM^ irhlct arewnbUnglD all Ike SulacriLcn* 

iLcd Wl lilbjlfSCj 4lHl UU llJU bi lilt :^CuUil 



John Riisfi&n Smithy Sfi^ Soho Square^ EfOndon, 



WISTOBY OF OREGON AND CALIFORNIA .nd the <^ 

IcmU'nn on tlio >orth Wfal tViiwt of Aromt*. af^Mznpanicd br « 0«qe!^ 
pliicil View and ilup atul a riuTiilHT of ProoTa uid DLnif mti^na of tUc liiMtfaj. '|y 
BOBEKT Gaek.^jdow, i^f-anan q/" f Atf Ihpartri^eid of State of tk& L'niUddUt^ 
O^bifk Sfo, j-auui Mif, nfofA. 61 (pub. «t I6f) 

;CTIST0RY of angling literature, ^a cm lf.ttm«. 

^"^ ncrTod wilb Ftih and Fi^hrrB from IbL'turlie-L iwriod, to wtiicb is AdilvJl 
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(oeartj radj). 

CHRISTMASTIDE, l^ Fttlory, Peetiritira, Md Carols. Bj Waturt 
Sa^dT9, B»q., F,8.A,, in ohq hutd^oma yoL 8vo« iLLrsroATCP wnfl W 

PtdFEn^U &rc kclrcled £rfiED niunrroiia wr^ai 
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knmriiitt Hii nulniBli irc prcaenicd wiUpil 

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,W5r IMTORTSD. 
TTISTOIRE DE L'ARCHITECTURE SACREE dn <ia*triJme « 

^'^ diiiome sifelu drua Ira a-noicns rvecQ« do Gkxbtb* LArfij.ltirK el Slow, Fif 
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A TEPr RSVkRikSlS COOE, AHI} TOSTE a:aJE KOTICI OF T3B ABCmrtO^ 
T3B AbCUJKOLOOIBT, jOD rUH AETlBt. 

r^OPENHAGEN— THE TRAVELLER'S HANDBOOK TO 

^ COPEWUAOKN and H? Environs. Bj AsouciTica. ISmo. »i'fA farpa Jf^ 
^ ^TdfijH'J, i^^dA Q^ CojituAaffeii, and Vinot. 12mr>i cfuf A Sr 

ANTIGUEDADES PERUANAS, por Mabuso tturARno de Ritwo^ 
Dirvctor del Xus^o Sachnai dt Lima, v Dr, JoiM DiKOO db T&CHC»I 
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nuaaer pecaliu Ui U^o fcniMauit ^U4h of Kitf- 

ESSAI HISTORIQUE PHILOSOPHIQUE c^ Tiit^rwqun ™ 
lea Danet^fl des Mopt*- Par E, H. LANr.LOis ; siUTi d'une Irfltre dc L-'ber. ei 
UHE nolo di' DL'jjjiin^ nur k mflini* anji^l, public (iqi- Fotti^pt Dnwdtr, StoIs^ rujij Sra^ 

LAUOMATNE, oiT HISTOIRE, LANGUE. LITTERATURE, 
OROGRAPHIE, stat.iiliqua des Petiplee de la Langvie d'Or, Adrialiena, T«l- 
bques, i*l M.old*»e*, iwiuaiSi iOu» Le nom ds Komauii- Pap J. A. Vaii.la&t,3 tDis.STa 

\rOYAGES, Eulfllions, ct Mnmoirra oripinnuTr ponr m-rir a rHirioiro ^ 
la Llt?CcniTprta dr: rAuicrique, public pour lo premiere loia m Fran(^ai». Pip 
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<l -nlniSh TnLlrcUDD nf raxlr *Q^TtBu niiJ Hnt-isnt -la SviUi AmcrH i alw trnu^Uvu of uipHbUali4i 
S^^attlj Idas,, priiKifiDUy rrlA'iUK t^Olii uidMB* Hei^co. 



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