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Full text of "Synthetic organic chemicals"

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TT. H. StfPT. OF TX)CTJMENTS 






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UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1961 



TC Publication 72 




RECENT REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON SYNTHETIC 

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1956 (Rept. No. 200, 2d ser., 
1957), 65^ 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1957 (Rept. No. 203, 2d ser., 
1958), 60^ 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1958 (Rept. No. 205, 2d ser., 
1959), $1.00 

*Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1959 (Rept. No. 206, 2d ser., 
1960) 

Synthetic Organic Chemicals, United States Production and Sales, 1960 (TC Publication 34, 
1961), $1.25 



NOTE. — The report preceded by an asterisk (*) is out of print. The other reports listed may be purchased from 
the Superintendent of Docunients, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C See inside back cover 
for additional reports. All U.S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be 
consulted in the official depository libraries throughout the United States. 



UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 



SYNTHETIC 
ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

United States Production 
and Sales, 1961 



UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF 
SECTION 332 OF THE TARIFF 
ACT OF 1930, AS AMENDED 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1962 



TC PubUcation 72 




UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Ben Dorfman, Chairman 
Joseph E. Talbot 
Walter R. Schreiber 
Glenn W. Sutton 
William E. Dowling 

DoNN N. Bent, Secretary- 



Boston Public Library 
Superin tendent of D ocuments 

OCT 2 6 1962 

DEPOSITORY 

Address all communications 

UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION 

Washington 25, D.C. 



HI' I 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. Price $1.25 



CONTENTS 



Page 



I 



Introduction v 

Summary vii 

PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, AND CRUDES 
DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

Tars 1 

Tar crudes 2 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 4 

PART II. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND FINISHED 
SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 7 

Cyclic intermediates 10 

Dye s 14 

T one r s and lake s 26 

Medicinal chemicals 31 

Flavor and perfume materials 35 

Plastics and resin materials 36 

Rubber -processing chemicals 40 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 42 

Plasticizers 43 

Surface -active agents 45 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 49 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals 51 

PART m. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

Tar crudes 57 

Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion 58 

Cyclic intermediates 60 

Dyes 88 

Toners and lakes 113 

Medicinal Chemicals 117 

Flavor and perfume materials 135 

Plastics and resin materials 141 

Rubber -processing chemicals 144 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 147 

Plasticizers 148 

Surface -active agents 151 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 163 

Miscellaneous synthetic organic chennicals 168 

Directory of manufacturers 196 

APPENDIXES 

A. U.S. imports of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 214 

B. Glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates 215 

C. Cross-reference list of Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes 233 



I 



Introduction 

This is the forty-fifth annual report of the U.S. Tariff Commission on domestic production 
and sales of synthetic organic chemicals and the raw materials from which they are made. The 
report presents statistics for 1961 on production and sales of crude organic chemicals derived 
from coal, natural gas, and petroleum; of intermediates; and of finished synthetic organic chem- 
ical products. The finished products are grouped according to their principal use--dyes, toners 
and lakes, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, plastics and resin materials, 
rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers, plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and 
other organic agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous chemicals. The use classifications of 
finished synthetic organic chemicals are based principally on the manufacturers' annual reports 
to the Tariff Commission; other sources include trade associations, the chemical literature, 
chemical dictionaries, encyclopedias, and consultants in the chemical industry. With a few ex- 
ceptions, the report does not cover organic chemicals (such as wood- distillation products, essen- 
tial oils, and naval stores) that are derived from natural (vegetable) sources by simple extraction 
or distillation. The Commission has compiled the statistics presented in this report from infor- 
mation supplied by the 722 primary manufacturers listed in part III. 

This report incorporates a number of changes based on suggestions made by the Committee 
on Chemicals of the Advisory Council on Federal Reports. The most important of these changes 
is the replacement of the numerical identification code previously used to identify manufacturers, 
by an alphabetical code. Each reporting company has been assigned an identification symbol con- 
sisting of a combination of not more than three capital letters, selected in most instances with 
the approval of the manufacturer. The identification symbols are permanent and, except for such 
changes as may be necessary, will be used in all future reports in this series. Important changes 
first incorporated in the Commission's 1958 report and continued in this report include the larger 
format, certain revisions of the basic definitions, and adoption of the new Colour Index classifica- 
tion and terminology for dyes and toners and lakes. This report, like the 1958, 1959, and I960 
reports, includes data on only those individual chemicals for which the volume of production or 
sales in the year covered exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of sales exceeded $1,000. 

The raw materials referred to in this report are obtained from coal, crude petroleum, 
natural gas, and certain other natural materials, such as vegetable oils, fats, rosin, and grains. 
Crude organic chemicals are derived from coal by thermal decomposition, from petroleum and 
natural gas by catalytic cracking and by distillation or absorption, and from other natural sources 
by fermentation. Production of these crude organic chemicals is the first step in the manufacture 
of synthetic organic chemicals. From these crudes, intermediates are obtained by synthesis or 
refining; most of the intermediates are then converted into finished chemical products, such as 
medicinal chemicals, plastics and resin materials, and dyes. Intermediates usually are not sold 
directly to the ultimate consumer, but are used by the producing companies themselves--or by 
other industrial concerns --in their manufacturing processes. 

In this report, the statistics on production of the individual chemicals reported by manufac- 
turers include the total output of the connpanies' plants, i.e., the quantities produced for con- 
sumption within the producing plants, as well as the quantities produced for sale. The quantities 
reported as produced, therefore, generally exceed the quantities reported as sold. Some of these 
differences, however, are attributable to changes in inventories. As specified in the reporting 
instructions that the Commission sends to manufacturers, and as used in this report, production 
and sales (unless otherwise specifically indicated) are defined as follows: 

Production is the total quantity of a commodity made available by original manufacture only. It is 
the sum (expressed in terms of 100-percent active ingredient unless otherwise specified) of the 
quantities of a commodity- - 

(1) Produced, separated, and consumed in the sanne plant or establishment (a com - 

modify is considered to be separated when it is isolated from the reaction system 
and/or when it is weighed, analyzed, or otherwise measured). Byproducts and 
coproducts not classified as waste materials are also included; 

(2) Produced and transferred to other plants or establishments of the same firm; 

(3) Produced and sold to other firms (including production for others under toll agree- 

ments' ); and 

(4) Produced and held in stock. 



' A toll agreement is an agreement between two firms, under which one firm furnishes the raw materials and pays the processing costs 
and the other firm prepares the finished product and returns it to the first firm. 



vi INTRODUCTION 

Production excludes -- 

(1) Purification of a commodity unless specifically requested in the reporting instruc- 

tions; 

(2) Intermediate products that are formed in the manufacturing process but are not 

isolated from the reaction system- -that is, not weighed, analyzed, or otherwise 
measured; and 

(3) Materials that are used in the process but are recovered for reuse or sale; and 

waste products that have no economic significance. 

Sales are defined as actual sales of commodities by original manufacturers only. Sales include-- 

(1) Shipments of commodities for domestic use and for export, or segregation in a ware- 

house when title has passed to the purchaser in a bona fide sale; 

(2) Shipments of a commodity produced by others under toll agreements; and 

(3) Shipments to subsidiary or affiliated companies. 

Sales exclude -- 

(1) All intracompany transfers within a corporate entity; 

(2) All sales of purchased commodities; and 

(3) All shipments of a commodity produced /or o^ers under toll agreements. 

The value of a sale is the net selling value, f. o.b. plant or warehouse, or delivered value, 
whichever represents the normal industry practice. 

Data on the chemicals covered in this report are usually given in terms of undiluted mate- 
rials. Products that assay 95 percent pure or more are considered to be 100 percent pure. The 
principal exceptions are the statistics on dyes and a few solvents, which are reported in terms 
of commercial concentrations; the statistics on certain plastics and resins, which are reported 
on a dry basis; and the data on sales of antibiotics, which are reported on the basis of specific 
conditions mentioned in the section on medicinal chemicals. The report specifically notes those 
products for which the statistics are reported in terms of commercial concentrations. 

The average unit values of sales for groups of products shown in the tables accompanying 
this report are weighted averages for products which vary widely in unit values and in the 
qiiantities sold. 

In this report, statistics are presented in as great detail as is possible without revealing 
the operations of individual producers. Statistics for an individual chemical or group of chem- 
icals are not given if there are fewer than three producers. Moreover, even when there are 
three or more producers, statistics are not given if there is any possibility that their publica- 
tion would violate the statutory provisions relating to unlawful disclosure of information ac- 
cepted in confidence by the Commission. i 

Statistics on tars and tar crudes include data furnished directly to the Tariff Commission 
by distillers of coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar; data furnished to the Division of 
Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, by coke-oven operators; and data furnished to the 
American Gas Association by producers of water-gas tar and oil-gas tar. 

Statistics on U.S. imports in 1961 of coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products 
that entered under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930 are given in appendix A. 
Appendix B is a glossary of the common, or trivial, nannes of coal-tar intermediates usually 
encountered in the trade, together with their equivalent standard (or Chemical Abstracts ) names. 
Appendix C is a cross-reference list of the Colour Index and common names of toners and lakes. 

This report does not contain the section on the number of trained research workers em- 
ployed, and the cost of research in the synthetic organic chemical industry, which appeared 
as appendix B in previous reports. The Bureau of the Census, in cooperation with the National 
Education Association, now compiles comprehensive statistics on individual research (U. S. 
Bureau of the Census, Survey of Industrial Research and Development , I960 (preliminary)). 



«Sec. 5, U.S.C. 139b and sec. 18. U.S.C. 1905. 



Summary 

Combined production of all synthetic organic chemicals, tars, tar crudes, and crude prod- 
ucts from petroleum and natural gas in 1961 was 100, 670 million pounds--an increase of 4. 1 
percent over the output in I960 (see table 1). Sales of these materials in 1961, which totaled 
58, 356 million pounds, valued at $7, 980 million, were 5. 1 percent larger than in I960 in terms 
of quantity and 6. 3 percent larger in terms of value. These figures include data on production 
and sales of chemicals measured at several successive steps in the manufacturing process, and 
therefore they necessarily contain some duplication. 

In 1961, production of all synthetic organic chemicals, including cyclic intermediates and 
finished chemical products, totaled 56, 183 million pounds, or 4. 1 percent more than the output 
in i960. The production of flavor and perfume materials (64 million pounds) was 16.4 percent 
larger in 1961 than in I960; that of surface-active agents (1,729 million pounds) was 12.9 percent 
larger; and that of plastics and resin materials (6, 709 million pounds) was 9. 2 percent larger. 

The output of most of the other groups of synthetic organic chemicals also increased in 1961 
from i960. Production of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals (700 million 
pounds) was 8. percent greater; that of coal-tar dyes (167 million pounds) was 7. 1 percent 
greater; that of cyclic intermediates (10, 275 million pounds) was 7. percent greater; that of 
plasticizers (630 million pounds) was 4.7 percent greater; that of medicinal chemicals (118 mil- 
lion pounds) was 3. 5 percent greater; that of rubber-processing chemicals (205 million pounds) 
was 2. 5 percent greater; and that of miscellaneous chemicals (32, 744 million pounds) was 2. 6 
percent greater. Production of two groups of synthetic organic chemicals was smaller in I96I 
than in I960. Output of toners and lakes (35 million pounds) declined 12. 5 percent, and output of 
elastomers (2, 807 million pounds) declined 4. 9 percent. 

TABLE 1. --Synthetic organic chemicals and their raw materials: U.S. production and sales, i960 and 1961 



Chemical 



Production 



1960 



1961 



Increase 

or 
decrease 
(-), 1961 
over 1960-^ 



Sales 



(Jiantity 



1960 



1961 



Increase 

or 
decrease 
(-). 1961 
over 1960^ 



Value 



1960 



1961 



Increase 

or 

decrease 

(-), 1961 

over 1960 ■■■ 



Grand total 

Tar 

Tar crudes 

Crude products from petroleum and 
natural gas 

Synthetic organic chemicals, total - 

Intermediates 

Dyes 

Toners and lakes 

Medicinal chemicals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

Plastics and resin materials 

Rubber-processing chemicals 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 

Plasticizers 

Surface-active agents 

Pesticides and other organic 

agricultural chemicals 

Miscellaneous chemicals 



Mi 1 1 ion 
pounds 

96,729 



Mi llion 
pounds 

100,670 



Percent 



A-.l 



Mi llion 
pounds 

55,538 



Mi 1 1 ion 
pounds 

58,356 



Percent 
5.1 



Million 
dollars 

7,507 



Million 
dollars 

7,980 



Percent 

6.3 



7,094 
9,536 

26, U7 

53,952 



9,602 

156 
40 

lU 

55 

6,143 

200 
2,952 

602 
1,532 

648 
31,908 



6,499 
9,425 

28,563 

56,183 



-8.4 
-1.2 



9.2 



4.1 



3,333 

5,771 

17,674 



10,275 

167 

35 

118 

64 

6,709 

205 

2,807 

630 

1,729 

700 
32,744 



7.0 

7.1 

-12.5 

3.5 

16.4 
9.2 
2.5 

-4.9 
4.7 

12.9 

8.0 
2.6 



3,964 

148 

33 

83 

47 

5,347 

153 

2,551 

500 

1,399 

570 
13,960 



3,266 
5,565 

18,513 

31,012 



-2.0 
-3.6 

4.7 

7.8 



4,103 

158 

29 

92 

55 

5,989 

156 

2,565 

536 

1,583 

612 
15,134 



3 

6 
-12 

4 
17 
12 

2 



7.2 
13.2 



43 

154 



648 



6,662 



7.4 
8.4 



622 
192 

64 
557 

60 
1,653 
101 
698 
149 
278 

262 

2,026 



42 

147 

644 
7,147 



-2.3 
-4.5 



-0.6 



7.3 



621 

213 

66 

577 

68 

1,710 

104 

717 

155 

292 

303 
2,321 



-0.2 
10.9 

3 

3 
13 

3 

3 



2.7 
4.0 
5.0 

15.6 
14.6 



Percentages calculated from figures rounded to thousands. 



I 



VII 



PART I. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF TARS, TAR CRUDES, 
AND CRUDES DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



Tars 



Coal tar is produced chiefly by the steel industry as a byproduct of the manufacture of coke; 
water-gas tar and oil-gas tar are produced by the fuel-gas industry. Production of coal tar, 
therefore, depends on the demand for steel; production of water-gas and oil-gas tar reflects the 
consumption of nnanufactured gas for industrial and household use. Water-gas and oil-gas tars 
have properties intermediate between those of petroleum asphalts and coal tars. Petroleum as- 
phalts are not usually considered to be raw materials for chemicals. 

The quantity of tar produced in the United States from all sources in 1961 was 650 million 
gallons, or 8.4 percent less than the 709 million gallons produced in I960. Of the total quantity 
produced in 1961, 633 million gallons was coal tar and 17 million gallons was water-gas and oil- 
gas tar (see table 2). 



TABLE 2. --Tar: U.S. production and consumption, 1960 and 1961 

[in thousands of gallons] 



Product 



1960 



1961 



PRODUCTION 
Total 

Water-gas and oil-gas tar''' 

Coal tar from coke-oven byproduct plants^ 

CONSUMPTION 
Total— - - - - 

Tar consumed by distillation, total 

Coal tar distilled or topped by coke-oven operators^ 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar distilled by producers and tar 
distillers^ 

Tar consumed chiefly as fuel^ * 

Tar consumed otherwise than by distillation or as fuel, total 

Coal tar consumed at coke-oven plants for roads and upkeep^ 

Coal tar, water-gas tar, and oil-gas tar processed at tar refineries, 
crude tar consumed for upkeep at such refineries, and tar consimied in 
mnldng gas and in special-purpose tar blends' 



709,360 



21,800 
687,560 



721,190 



616,105 



275,310 

3«5,795 

85, U6 



7U 



19,225 



649,878 



16,500 
633,378 



634,769 



603,724 



276,965 
326,759 

16,810 
14,235 



939 



13,296 



Reported to the American Gas Association. 
^ Reported to the U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

^ Reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. Represents tar purchased from companies operating coke ovens and gas- 
retort plants and distilled by companies operating tar-distillation plants. 

Figures show the amount of coal tar sold or consumed as fuel by coke-oven operators. No data were reported on 
water-gas and oil-gas tar consumed as fuel. 

' Reported to the American Gas Association and to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



Total consumption of tar in 1961 amounted to 635 million gallons, of which 604 million gal- 
lons was consumed by distillation, 17 million gallons as fuel, and 14 rnillion gallons in mis- 
cellaneous uses. 



2 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

Tar Crudes 

Tar crudes are obtained from coke-oven gas and by distilling coal tar, water-gas tar, and 
oil-gas tar. The most important tar crudes are benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, and 
creosote oil. Some of the products produced from coal tar are identical with those produced 
from petroleum and natural gas. Data for materials derived fronn these latter sources are, for 
the most part, included in or with the statistics for materials derived from coal tar, which are 
shown in tables 3 and 4A.^ 

Total domestic production of industrial and specification grades of benzene in 1961 amounted 
to 545 million gallons -- 19. 3 percent more than the 457 million gallons reported for I960. These 
totals include data for benzene produced from tars, light oil, and petroleum. Sales of benzene 
by coke-oven operators and petroleum operators in 1961 amounted to 421 nnillion gallons, valued 
at $134 million, compared with 377 million gallons, valued at $118 million, in I960. In 1961 the 
output of toluene from all sources (including material produced for use in blending in aviation 
fuel) amounted to 260 million gallons --5. 3 percent less than the 274 million gallons reported for 
I960. Sales of toluene in 1961 were 163 million gallons, valued at $33 million, compared with 
200 million gallons, valued at $39 million, in I960. The output of xylene in 1961 (including that 
produced for blending in motor fuels) was 257 million gallons, compared with 282 million gallons 
in I960. More than 96 percent of the xylene produced in 1961 was obtained from petroleum 
sources. 



TABLE 3 . --Tar and tar crudes: Summary of U.S. production of specified products, average 1950-54, 

annual 1960 and 1961 



Chemical 



Unit 

of 

quantity 



Average 
1950-54 



1960 



1961 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1961 over 
1950-54 



1961 over 
1960 



Tar^ 

Benzene:^ 

Tar distillers^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleian operators 

Total - 

Toluene : 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Xylene : 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Total 

Naphthalene, crude (solidifying at 
less than 79° C.)' 

Creosote oil (Dead oil)'' 



1,000 gal- 



,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 

,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 
,000 gal- 

,000 lb— 
,000 gal- 



876,070 

41,389 

163,356 

46,635 



251,380 

7,497 
32,981 
80,725 



709,360 

12,787 
135,327 
309,210 



457,324 

3,232 

30,399 

240,768 



649,878 

12,355 
120,205 
412,819 



Percent 

-25.8 

-70.2 
-26.4 
785.2 



Percent 



-8.4 

-3.4 

-11.2 

33.5 



545,379 

3,131 

28,407 

* 228,330 



117.0 

-58.2 
-13.9 
182.8 



19.3 

-3.1 
-6.6 
-5.2 



121,203 

1,373 

9,028 

78,188 



88,589 

307,537 
109,946 



274,399 

369 
8,076 
* 274^017 



282,462 

517,039 
82,004 



259,868 

547 

7,564 

* 249,228 



114.4 

-60.2 
-16.2 
218.8 



-5.3 

48.2 
-6.3 
-9.0 



257,339 

^ 497,165 
77,195 



190.5 



61.7 
-29.8 



-8.9 



-3.8 
-5.9 



^ Includes data for oil-gas, water-gas, and gas-retort tar reported to the American Gas Association and for coal 
tar reported to the Division of Bitianinous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. 

^ Includes data for motor-grade benzene in 1950-54. Separate statistics on production of motor-grade benzene have 
not been published since 1954. Production in recent years, if any, has been negligible. 

^ Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

* Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels . 

' Figures include production by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and represent combined data for the com- 
mercial grades of naphthalene to avoid disclosure of the operations of individual companies. Because of conversion 
between grades, the figures may include some duplication. 

'' Includes petroleum-derived naphthalene. 

'' Includes data for creosote oil produced by tar distillers and coke-oven operators and used only in wood preserv- 
ing. Data for production of creosote oil in coal-tar solution have been excluded because the figures for 1950-54 are 
not comparable with the figures for 1960 and 1961. Production figures for 1950-54 are for the distillate sold or 
consumed as such; and, for 1960 and 1961, the production of the distillate is on a lOO-percent-creosote basis. 

Production of crude naphthalene in 1961 (including petroleum -derived naphthalene) amounted 
to 497 million pounds, compared with 517 million pounds in I960. Sales of naphthalene in 1961 
were 299 million pounds, valued at $18 million, compared with 310 million pounds, valued at 
$16 million, in 1960. In 1961 the output of creosote oil (lOO-percent creosote basis), used prin- 
cipally in wood preserving, was 88 million gallons, connpared with 93 million gallons in I960. 
Production of road tar in 1961 was 57 million gallons, compared with 63 million gallons in I960. 



^ See also table 4B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



TAR CRUDES 



TABLE 4A. —Tar crudes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all tar crudes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are 
used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported.) 
Table <4B in pt. Ill lists separately all products for which data on production or sales were reported and iden- 
tifies the manufacturers reporting to the U.S. Tariff Commission] 



Product 



Unit 
of 
quantity 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Crude light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Intermediate light oil: Coke-oven operators 

Light-oil distillates: 

Benzene, specification and industrial grades, total- 
Tar distillers^ 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Toluene, all grades, total^ 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Xylene, totaP 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Petroleum operators 

Solvent naphtha, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Other light-oil distillates, total 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Pyridine crude bases (dry basis) 

Naphthalene, crude (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators), total* 

Solidifying at-- 

Less than 74° C 

VA" C. to less than 76° C - — 

76° C. to less than 79° c' 

Crude tar-acid oils: 

Tar distillers 

Coke-oven operators 

Creosote oil (Dead oil) (tar distillers and coke-oven 

operators) (IOO56 creosote basis), total' 

Distillate as such (lOOjt creosote basis) 

Creosote content of coal-tar solution (100^ creosote 
basis) 

All other distillate products' 

Tar, road 

Tar (crude and refined) for other uses* 

Pitch of tar: 
Soft and medium (water softening points less than 

110° F., and 110" F. to 160 °F. ASTM 061-2-;) ■ 

Hard (water softening point above 160° F.) 

Pitch-of-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 lb— 



1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 
1,000 lb— 



1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 



1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 

1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 
1,000 gal- 



1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 
1,000 tons 



2U,003 
4,07 

5<i5,379 

12,355 

120,205 

412,819 

259,868 

3,131 

28,407 

228,330 

257,339 

547 

7,564 

249,228 

9,149 

4,633 

4,516 

7,584 

3,045 

4,539 

836 



497,165 



19,278 

20,428 

457,459 



757 
28,981 



87,758 



77,195 

10,563 

23,690 
57,210 
28,697 



1,356 

689 

13 



18,519 
4,345 



113,272 

307,739 

162,850 

2,649 

27,421 

132,780 

124,047 

490 

7,281 

116,276 

8,355 

3,971 

4,384 

5,220 

2,719 

2,501 



299,127 



19,007 

11,140 

268,980 



475 
28,615 



69,357 

9,772 

U,137 
56,286 



622 
513 



1.000 
dol lars 
3,249 
663 



34,774 

99,348 

32,588 

677 

5,938 

25,973 

27,558 

169 

1,922 

25,467 

2,029 

923 

1,106 

909 

501 

408 



18,241 



642 

517 
17,082 



190 
6,835 



14,582 

3,127 

2,660 
9,371 



20,871 
22,179 



^ Unit value per gallon, pound, or ton, as specified. 

Includes data for benzene produced from imported crude light oil. 

Includes data for material produced for use in blending motor fuels. 

Statistics represent combined data for the commercial grades of naphthalene. Because of conversion of naphtha- 
lene from one grade to another, the figures may include some duplication. 
' Includes petroleum-derived naphthalene. 

Statistics include data only for creosote oil sold for, or used in, wood preserving. In 1961, production of cre- 
osote in coal-tar solution (100^ solution basis) amounted to 16,518 thousand gallons; sales were 16,261 thousand 
gallons, valued at 3,127 thousand dollars, with a unit value of $0.19 per gallon. 

Includes data for crude cresylic acid and neutral oils produced by tar distillers, and for crude sodium pheno- 
late produced by coke-oven operators . 

Includes data for tar used for paint, pipe covering, saturating, and other uses. 

Note. — Statistics for materials produced in coke and gas-retort ovens are coii?)iled by the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior. Statistics for materials produced in tar and petroleum re- 
fineries are con5)iled by the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



4 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

Some of the products included in the statistics in table 4A are derived from other products 
for which data are also included in the table. The statistics, therefore, involve considerable 
duplication, and for this reason no group totals or grand totals are given. After duplication has 
been elinninated insofar as possible, it is estimated that the net value of the output of these 
products and of tar burned as fuel was $440 million in 1961, compared with $413 million in I960 
and $360 million in 1959. 

Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 

Crude products that are derived from petroleum and natural gas are related to the inter- 
mediates and finished products made from such crudes in much the same way that crude prod- 
ucts derived from the distillation of coal tar are related to their intermediates and finished 
products. Many of the crude products derived from petroleum are identical with those derived 
fronn coal tar (e.g., benzene, toluene, and xylene). Considerable duplication exists in the sta- 
tistics on the production and sales of petroleum crudes because some of these crude chemicals 
are converted to other crude products derived from petroleum and because data on sonne produc- 
tion and sales are reported at successive stages in the conversion processes (see table 5A^). 
Notwithstanding these duplications, the statistics are sufficiently accurate to indicate trends in 
the industry and to serve as a basis for general comparison. Many of the crude products for 
which data are included in the statistics may be used either as fuel or as basic materials from 
which to derive other chemicals, depending on prevailing economic conditions. In this report, 
every effort has been made to exclude data on materials that are used as fuels. However, data 
are included on toluene and xylene which are not used directly as fuel but in blending aviation 
and motor-grade gasolines. 



TABLE 5A. — Crtide products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are the crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which any reported 
data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published or where no data were reported.,) Table 5B in pt. Ill lists separately all products from 
p'etroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which data on production or sales were reported and identi- 
fies the manufacturer of each ] 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value-'' 



Grand total- 



ARQMATICS AND MAPHTHENES^ 



Total- 



Alkyl aromatios, distillates, and solvents- 



Benzene (1 and 2 ), total- 
Benzene, 1° 

Benzene, 2 



Cresylic acid, crude 

Naphthenic acids, total- 
Acid No. 150-199 

Acid No. 225-2-^9 

All other 



Toluene, all grades, total- 
Nitration grade, 1° 

Pure commercial grade, 2 
All other^ - — 



Xylenes, mixed, total- 

3° and 5° 

All other^ 



All other aromatios and naphthenes*- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

poufids 

28,562,694 



8,476,445 



1,868,992 
3,025,963 



2,365,911 
660,052 

24,520 

27,830 



3,573 

4,105 

20,152 

1,653,109 



1,133,531 
217,562 
302,016 

1,796,933 



909,758 
887,175 

79,098 



1.000 

pounds 

18,513,151 



1,000 
dollars 
644,336 



5,709,345 



171,349 



1,556,959 
2,255,727 



16,326 



99,348 



1,984,290 
271,437 

12,004 

13,001 



89,003 
10,345 

384 

1,399 



3,607 
3,697 
5,697 

961,327 



377 
365 
657 

25,973 



769,807 

80,820 

110,700 

838,350 



401,179 
437,171 

71,977 



20,889 
2,218 
2,866 

25,467 



12,019 
13,448 

2,452 



Per 
pound 
$0,035 



.030 



.010 



.044 



.045 
.038 



.032 
.108 



.105 
.099 
.115 

.027 



.027 
.027 
.026 

.030 



.030 
.031 

.034 



See also table 58, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 

TABLE 5A. --Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion: U.S. production 

and sales, i96i— Continued 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value'"' 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Total - 

Ca hydrocarbons, total 

Acetylene' 

Ethane 

Ethylene 

C3 hydrocarbons: 

Propane 

Propylene 

Ci hydrocarbons, total 

1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers) 

Butadiene and butylene fractions 

n-Butane 

1-Butene 

1-Butene and 2-butene mixture^ 

Isobutane 

Isobutylene 

All other' 

C5 hydrocarbons' 

All other aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, total- 

Diisobutylene (Diisobutene) 

1-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Nonene (Tripropylene) 

Polybutene' 

Hydrocarbon derivatives"""" 

All other^^- - 



1,000 

pounds 

20,086,249 



1,000 
pounds 
12,803,806 



1,000 
dollars 

472,987 



Per 
pound 

$0,037 



6,729,414 



170,877 

902,752 

5,655,785 



3,156,238 
2,674,596 

5,416,625 



3,739,592 



172,765 



.046 



1,910,920 

454,254 

971,121 

21,330 

1,318,863 

369,903 

300,483 

69,751 

98,269 

2,011,107 



378,973 
3,360,619 



2,613,987 
1,483,036 

3,250,826 



28,689 
416,341 
164,996 
105,919 

12,406 
1,282,756 



1,125,328 

64,825 

561,919 

7,586 

1,013,370 

225,123 

203,319 

49,356 

71,942 

1,644,423 



3,425 
169,340 



31,937 
36,009 

183,958 



26,233 

209,442 

105,826 

82,388 

9,031 

1,211,503 



131,456 
1,727 
6,642 
457 
32,276 
3,246 
6,758 
1,396 

2,269 

46,049 



.009 
.050 



.012 
.024 

.057 
.117 
.027 
.012 
.060 
.032 
.014 
.033 
.028 



1,756 
6,967 
3,851 
5,904 
2,958 
24,613 



.032 

■ 028 
.067 
.033 
.036 
.072 
.328 
.020 



■"• Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ The chemical raw materials designated as aromatics are in some cases identical with those obtained from the dis- 
tillation of coal tar. However, the statistics given in the table above relate only to such materials as are derived 
from petroleum and natural gas. Statistics on aromatic chemicals from all sources are given in table 4A. 

^ Includes toluene and xj-lene used as solvents, as well as that which is blended in aviation and motor gasolines. 

* Includes data for 90-peroent benzene, sodium cresylate, l,4-methano-2,5-cyclopentadiene, mixed pyridines, sodium 
carbolate and phenate, and miscellaneous cyclic hydrocarbons. Statistics on naphthalene from petroleum are combined 
with those for coal-tar naphthalene, and are given in table 4A. 

' The total production of acetylene from all sources in 1961, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, 
amounted to 801,293 thousand pounds (acetylene production figures converted from cubic feet to pounds as follows: 
1 cu. ft. weighs 0.06897 lb. at 60° F. and 1 atmosphere pressure). 

' The statistics represent principally the butene content of crude refinery gases from which butadiene is manu- 
factured. 

' Includes data for 2-butene, mixed butylenes, and mixed olefins. 

' Includes data for isoprene, pentanes, pentenes, and C5 hydrocarbon mixtures. 

' Includes compounds having a molecular weight of 3,000 or less. 
'■° Includes data for di-tert-butyldisulfide, miscellaneous mercaptans, and aliphatic acids. 

^^ Includes data for methane, propane-propylene mixture, hexanes, heptanes and heptenes, octanes, eicosane, and 
hydrocarbon mixtures. 



The output of crude products derived from petroleum and natural gas as a group amounted 
to 28, 563 nnillion pounds in 1961, or 9.2 percent more than the 26, 147 million pounds reported 
for 1960. The larger output in 1961 is accounted for chiefl-y by increased production of benzene, 
ethylene, propane, propylene, and 1 -butene and 2-butene mixtures. Sales of crude chemicals 
from petroleum in 1961 were 18,513 million pounds, valued at $644 million, compared with 
17,674 nnillion pounds, valued at $648 million, in I960. 



6 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

The output of all aromatic and naphthenic products amounted to 8,476 million pounds in 1961, 
compared with 7, 587 million pounds in I960. Sales in 1961, which amounted to 5, 709 million 
pounds, valued at $171 million, were 253 million pounds larger, and valued at $16 million more, 
than those in I960. Benzene was produced from petroleum sources in substantially greater quan- 
tities in 1961 than in I960, and production of naphthenic acids was 16.9 percent larger. The out- 
put of 1° and 2° benzene from petroleum amounted to 3,026 million pounds in 1961 --33. 5 percent 
more than the 2,267 million pounds produced in I960. The output of toluene in 1961 was 1,653 
million pounds --5. 2 percent less than the 1,743 million pounds produced in I960. Production of 
xylene was 1,797 million pounds in 1961, compared with 1,976 million pounds in I960. These 
figures include toluene and xylene used in blends in aviation and motor -grade gasolines. The out- 
put of naphthenic acids amounted to 28 million pounds in 1961, compared with 24 million pounds 
in i960. Production of cresylic acid in 1961--25 million pounds--was 32.7 percent less than 
in I960. 

Production of all aliphatic hydrocarbons and derivatives from petroleum and natural gas was 
20,086 million pounds in 1961, compared with 18,560 million pounds in I960. Sales of theseprod- 
ucts were 12,803 million pounds, valued at $473 million, in 1961, compared with 12,217 million 
pounds, valued at $493 million, in I960. The statistics on production of acetylene (table 5A) in- 
clude only acetylene produced from natural gas and used as a raw material in the production of 
other chemicals. Total production of acetylene (principally from calcium carbide), as reported 
to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, amounted to 801 million pounds in 1961, compared with 713 
million pounds in I960 (see footnote 5, table 5A, for conversion factor). Production of ethylene 
was 5,656 million pounds in 1961, or 3.8 percent more than the 5,448 million pounds produced 
in 1960. The output of propane and propylene was 5,831 million pounds in 1961 --7. 7 percent 
more than the 5, 414 million pounds produced in I960. Production of 1, 3 -butadiene, one of the 
principal ingredients of S -type synthetic rubber, was 1,911 million pounds in 1961, compared 
with 1,883 million pounds in I960. The output of 1, 3 -butadiene in 1961 --the largest on record-- 
was 1.5 percent more than that in I960. 



PART n. PRODUCTION AND SALES OF INTERMEDIATES AND 
FINISHED SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, BY GROUPS 

General 



On the basis of their principal uses, the synthetic organic chemicals covered in this report 
are classified either as intermediates or as finished products. Finished products, in turn, are 
grouped as follows: Dyes, toners and lakes, medicinal chemicals, flavor and perfume materials, 
plastics and resin materials, rubber-processing chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rubbers), 
plasticizers, surface-active agents, pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals, and 
miscellaneous synthetic organic chemicals. Most of these groups are further subdivided, accord- 
ing to chennical classes, into cyclic and acyclic compounds. As most of the intermediates are 
used in the manufacture of finished products, aggregate figures that cover both intermediates 
and finished products necessarily include much duplication. 

Total production of synthetic organic chemicals (intermediates and finished products com- 
bined) in 1961 was 56, 183 million pounds, or 4. 1 percent more than the output of 53, 952 million 
pounds reported for I960 (see table 6). Sales of synthetic organic chemicals in 1961 amounted to 
31, 012 million pounds, valued at $7, 147 million, compared with 28, 760 million pounds, valued 
at $6, 662 million in I960. Production of all cyclic products (intermediates and finished products 
combined) in 1961 totaled 18, 679 million pounds, or 4. 8 percent more than the 17, 818 million 
pounds produced in I960. The output of acyclic organic chemicals in 1961 amounted to 37,504 
million pounds--3. 8 percent more than the 36, 134 million pounds reported for I960. 



TABLE 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 

products, average 1950-54, annual 1960 and 1961 

[production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average 
1950-5-; 



1960 



1961 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1961 over 
1950-54 



1961 over 
1960 



Organic chemicals, cyclic and acyclic, 
grand total : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Cyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic, total: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

1. Intermediates, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

2. Dyes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

3. Toners and Lakes, Cyclic 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



26,708,705 

l'l,'i90,020 

3,692,368 

8,727,657 
5,552,600 
1,9U,275 

17,981,048 
8,937,420 
1,778,093 



4,281,640 

1,699,407 

305,623 



167,359 
157,224 
173,198 



43,501 
38,197 
53,144 



53,952,190 

28,760,172 

6,662,095 

17,817,908 

10,734,631 

3,236,796 

36,134,282 

18,025,541 

3,425,299 



9,602,147 

3,964,213 

622,414 



155,896 
147,738 
192,107 



40,238 
32,687 
64,264 



56,183,265 

31,012,471 

7,147,440 

18,679,248 

11,183,127 

3,304,167 

37,504,017 

19,829,344 

3,843,273 



10,275,933 

4,103,457 

620,542 



166,550 
158,351 
213,078 



35,062 
29,472 
66,322 



Percent 
110.4 
114.0 
93.6 

114.0 



101. 
72, 

108, 
121, 
116, 



140.0 
141.5 
103.0 



-.5 

.7 

23.0 



-19.4 

-22.8 

24.8 



Percent 



4.1 
7.8 
7.3 

4.8 
4.2 

2.1 

3.8 

10.0 
12.2 



7.0 
3.5 
-.3 



6.8 

7.2 

10.9 



-12.9 

-9.8 

3.2 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 6 . —Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1950-54, annual 1960 and i96i— Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



i4. Medicinal Chemicals 



qyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value - 



5. Flavor and Perfume Materials 



qyclic: 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



6. Plastics and Besin Materials 



cyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value - 



7. Bubber-Processing Chemicals 



Cyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 
Acyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



8. Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



CJrcllc : 
Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 

Acycllo : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value - 



9. Plasticizers 



Qyclic : 
Production — 

Sales 

Sales value - 

Acyclic : 

Production — 

Sales 

Sales value- 



Average 
1950-54 



51,761 

41,915 

398,867 

12,670 
10,294 
26,091 



18,689 
15,936 
22,854 

12,312 
11,881 
19,556 



1,450,115 

1,194,058 

323,776 

1,055,800 
968,602 
416,943 



110,695 
82,154 
43,607 

20,301 
16,734 
12,064 



1,228,997 

1,243, U9 

288,960 

461,334 
451,966 
177,098 



206,042 

159,831 

54,381 

71,021 
56,523 
23,557 



1960 



76,519 

55,042 

521,486 

37,299 
32,897 
35,445 



33,027 
25,781 
37,393 

22,261 
21,280 
22,710 



2,716,094 

2,227,866 

627,516 

3,426,555 
3,118,928 
1,025,272 



170,465 

130,155 

84,563 

29,294 
22,381 
16,475 



2,283,190 

1,949,089 

469,258 

669,200 
601,618 
229,163 



444,744 
384,094 
103,308 

157,391 

116,188 

45,296 



1961 



80,973 

61,322 

540,592 

36,576 
31,168 
36,169 



36,746 
28,581 
40,148 

26,815 
26,109 
27,684 



2,828,509 

2,348,926 

633,594 

3,881,141 
3,640,420 
1,077,285 



173,698 

134,888 

89, 188 

31,396 
20,780 
15,161 



2,117,859 

1,911,649 

461,666 

688,672 
653,189 
254,934 



473,581 
405,835 
106,119 

156,134 

130,233 

48,495 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1961 over 
1950-54 



Percent 

56.4 
46.3 
35.5 

188.7 

202.8 

38.6 



96.6 
79.3 
75.7 

117.8 

119.8 

41.6 



95.1 
96.7 
95.7 

267.6 
275.8 
158.4 



56.9 
64.2 

104.5 

54.7 
24.2 
25.7 



72.3 
53.8 
59.8 

49.3 
44.5 
44.0 



129.8 

153.9 

95.1 

119.8 
130.4 
105.9 



1961 over 
1960 



Percent 



5.8 

11.4 

3.7 

-1.9 

-5.3 

2.0 



11.3 

10.9 

7.4 

20.5 
22.7 
21.9 



4.1 

5.4 
1.0 

13.3 

16.7 

5.1 



1.9 
3.6 
5.5 

7.2 
-7.2 
-8.0 



-7.2 
-1.9 
-1.6 

2.9 

8.6 
11.2 



GENERAL 



TABLE 6. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Summary of U.S. production and sales of intermediates and finished 
products, average 1950-54, annual 1960 and i56i --Continued 

[Production and sales in thousands of pounds; sales value in thousands of dollars] 



Chemical 



Average 
1950-54 



1960 



1961 



Increase, or decrease (-) 



1961 over 
1950-54 



1961 over 
1960 



10. Surface-Active Agents 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value — 

11. Pesticides and Other 
Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

Cyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

12. Miscellaneous 

Cyclic: 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 

Acyclic : 

Production 

Sales 

Sales value 



510,747 

418,230 

76,622 

300,822 

262,223 

65,955 



336,457 
277,501 
103,029 

52,022 
45,721 
17,794 



321,654 

224,998 

70,21A 

15,994,766 
7,113,476 
1,019,035 



977,197 
927,300 
146,960 

555,030 
472,120 
131,186 



525,485 
455,377 
202,870 

122,310 

115,020 

58,919 



792,906 
435,289 
164,657 

31,114,942 

13,525,109 

1,860,833 



1,149,519 

1,085,581 

149,301 

579,786 
497,868 
142,290 



571,683 
484,182 
237,586 

128,016 

127,735 

65,369 



769,135 
430,883 
146,031 

31,975,481 

14,701,842 

2,175,886 



Percent 
125.1 
159.6 
94.9 

92.7 

89.9 

115.7 



69.9 

74.5 

130.6 

146.1 
179.4 
267.4 



139.1 

91.5 

108.0 

99.9 
106.7 
113.5 



Percent 

17.6 

17.1 

1.6 

4.5 
5.5 
8.5 



8.8 
6.3 

17.1 

4.7 
11.1 
10.9 



-3.0 

-1.0 

-11.3 

2.8 

8.7 

16.9 



The following tabulation shows, by chemical groups, the number of companies that reported 
production in 1961 of one or more of the chemicals included in the groups listed in table 6: 



Hunber 
Chenical group of 

companies 

Intermediates " 1''9 

Dyes 52 

Toners and lakes " 42 

Medicinal chemicals 115 

Flavor and perfume materials 51 

Plaitlct and resin materials 280 



Kumber 

Chenical eroup j' . 

* '^ coaparnes 

Rubber-processing chemicals 33 

Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) 23 

Plasticizers 54 

Surface -active agents 161 

Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals 81 

Miscellaneous chemicals 299 



658234 O - 62 



10 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 



Cyclic Intermediates 

Cyclic intermediates are synthetic organic chemicals derived principally from coal-tar 
crudes produced by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of coal and from petroleum and natural 
gas. Most cyclic intermediates are used in the manufacture of more advanced synthetic organic 
chemicals and finished products, such as dyes, medicinal chemicals, elastomers (synthetic rub- 
bers), pesticides, and plastics and resin materials. Some intermediates, however, are sold as 
end products without further processing. For example, refined naphthalene may be used as a 
raw material in the manufacture of 2-naphthol or of other more advanced intermediates, or it 
may be packaged and sold as a moth repellent or as a deodorant. In general, the way in which 
the greater part of the output of a given chemical is consumed determines its use classification 
in this report. Table 7A ^ gives statistics on production and sales of cyclic intermediates in 1961. 
Individual statistics given in the table represent more than 80 percent of the total quantity of in- 
termediates produced. Since many of the intermediates included in the statistics represent suc- 
cessive steps in production, the totals necessarily include considerable duplication. In 1961 about 
two-fifths of the total output of cyclic intermediates was sold; the rest was consumed chiefly by 
the producing plants in the manufacture of more advanced intermediates and finished products. 

Total production of cyclic intermediates in 196l--10,276 million pounds - -was the largest on 
record, and was 10.7 percent larger than the output of 9,602 million pounds reported for I960. 
The larger output of cyclic intermediates in 1961 was attributable to increased demand by a num- 
ber of industries that consume large quantities of intermediates, particularly those industries 
that produce dyes and plasticizers . Sales of cyclic intermediates in 1961 amounted to 4, 103 mil- 
lion pounds, valued at $621 million, compared with 3,964 million pounds, valued at $622million, 
in 1960. In terms of quantity, sales of cyclic intermediates in 1961 were 3.5 percent larger than 
those in I960 and, in terms of value, 0.3 percent smaller. 

TABLE 1 A. —Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all cyclic intermediates for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 

(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 7B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all cyclic intermediates for which data on production or sales 
were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each. Appendix B lists alphabetically all the important common 
names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the corresponding staniard (Chemu;(d Abstracts) 
name under which data are presented in tables 7A and 7B] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value-"- 



Total 

Acetanilide, tech 

^' -Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine) 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

1-Minoanthraquinone and salt 

2-Aiiiinoanthraquinone and salt 

b-Amino-Sj^V'-azodi (benzenesulfonic acid) 

l-Amino-<i-benzamidoanthraquinone 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Amino-i-bromo-S-anthraquinonesulfonic acid and sodium salt' 

2-Amino-l-bromo-3-chloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-2-bromo-4- hydroxy anthraqui none 

1- Ami no-5-chloroanthraqui none 

2-Amino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

o-( 3- Amino-i-ohlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

6- Amino-'i-chloro-l-phenol-2- sulfonic acid 

2-Araino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

b-Amino-A-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 

pounds 

10,275,933 



1,000 
pounds 

-4,103,457 



1,000 
dol lars 
620,542 



Per 

pound 

$0.15 



2,252 

336 

12 

75 

1,479 

573 
78 
43 
20 

219 
27 
69 

104 

40 

68 

33 

1,059 

79 



1,849 
125 



559 
194 



.30 
1.55 



88 



350 



3.98 



177 



221 



1.25 



1 See also table 7B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the niianufactureis; appendix A, which shows im- 
ports of intermediates and related products during 1959-61; and appendix B, which is a glossary of synonymous names of cyclic intermediates. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 7A. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



4'-Amino-N-methylacetaidlide 

2-Ainino-l,5-naphthalenedi sulfonic acid 

3-Aiiino-l,5-naphtlialenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid)- 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

7-Aiiino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

2-Mino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Laurent's acid) 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

6-Anino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (Broenner's acid) 

8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 

8-Amino-2-naphthol 

8-Anino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (H acid), monosodium salt- 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-'4-sulfonic acid (1,2,'4-acid) 

6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt 

7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium salt 

2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amlno-'i-nitrophenol 

2- Ami no- l-phenol-4.- sulfonamide 

2- Amino- l-phenol-4- sulfonic acid 

p-(p-Amlnophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

l-(m-Amlnophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxyllc acid 

4-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03K=1] 

6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1] 

5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [SG3H=l] 

Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Anilinomethanesulfonic acid and salt 

8-Anillno-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Phenyl peri acid) 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

o-Anisidine 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid 

Anthranillc acid ( o-Aminobenzoic acid) 

Anthraquinone , 100%- 

1, 5-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

l,5(and l,8)-Anthraqulnonedisulfonic acid and salt 

1,8-Anthraquinonedlsulfonic acid, potassium salt 

2,6-Anthraquinonedlsulfonic acid and salt 

1-Anthraquinonesulfonic acid and salt 

N,N'-(1,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilio acid 

Anthrarufin (1, 5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Benzaldehyde, tech 

l-Benzamido-5-chloro anthraquinone 

7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzoic acid, tech 

o-Benzoylbenzolc acid 

['i,';'-Bi-7H-ben2[de]anthracen]-7,7'-dione— - 

1,4-Bls p.- anthraqulnonylamino] anthraquinone 

^,'t'-Bls[diethylamlno]ben2ophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

'i,<i'-Bls[dimethylamino]benzophenone (Miohler'e ketone) 

3-Bromo-7H-benz[de] anthracer.-7-one (Bromobenzanthrone) 

o-Chloroanillne 

l-Chloro anthraquinone 

2- Chloro anthraquinone 

o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

Chlorobenzene, mono- 

o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinltrobenzene (Dinitrochlorobenzene) 

6-Chlorometanilic acid . 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqulnone 

2-Chloro-'i-nltroaniline (o-Chloro-p-nitroanillne) 

'i-Chloro-2-nitroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nitroanillne) 

l-Chloro-5-nitroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1.000 
pounds 

lA 

43 

189 

614 

574 

2,235 

47 

120 

61 

266 

220 

103 

2,777 

1,129 

377 

316 

54 

60 

40 

107 

227 

27 

238 

221 

32 

131 

122,702 

241 

176 

40 

1,408 

305 

500 

3,808 

683 

430 

AAA 

419 

2,583 

45 

190 

3,025 

66 

1,704 

909 

9,836 

6,186 

398 

105 

87 

107 

242 

215 

242 

573 

409 

542,368 

995 

6,761 

19 

232 

426 

315 

131 

17, 177 



Sales 



Quantity 




1.000 
pounds 



23 



94 
9 



476 



494 
349 



765 



680 



848 



180 



1.000 
dollars 



24 



133 
11 



333 



359 
377 



143 



975 



779 



149 



Unit 
value-"- 



Per 
pound 



$1.04 



1.41 
1.22 



.16 



.73 
1.08 



0.41 



.21 



.07 



.83 



.12 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 7A. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, J96i —Continued 



Chemical 



l-Chloro-2(and 4) -nitrobenzene ( Chloronltrobenzenes , o- and p-)- 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlo acid and sodium salt 

"i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

<4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

o-(4-Chloro-3-nltrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

2-Chloroquinizarin 

a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

"i-Chloro-o-toluldlne [nH2=1] and hydrochloride 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]and hydrochloride 



Cresols, total^ 

o- and p-Cresols 

(m,p)-Cresol, total- 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

(o,m,p)-Cresol-' 



Production 



Cresylic acid, refined, total^- 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 



Cumene 

Cyanuric chloride 

Cyclohexane 

Cyclohexylamine 

l,4-Diaminoanthraq\iinone 

2,6-Dlamlnoanthraquinone 

'ijS-Diaminoanthrarufin 

2,'i-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid[S03 H?l] 

<i,4'-Diamino-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2,'t-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

A, 5 '-Dibenzamldo-1, l' -iminodianthraquinone 

1,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-7-one 

2,5-Diohloroanillne and hydrochloride [ NH2=l] 

1,5-Dichloroanthraquinone 

1,8-Dichloroanthraquinone 

o-Diohlorobenzene 

p-Dlchlorobenzene 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,5-Dichloro-'i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

l,'i-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene ( Nitro-p-dichlorobenzene ) 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [ S03H=1] 

Dicyclopentadlene and oyclopentadiene 

N,N-Diethylaniline- 

6,7-Dlhydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dlhydroxydlbenzanthrone) 

m-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3'-Dlmethoxybenzidine 

N,N-Dlmethylanillne 

2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-nltrosoanillne 

<i,5-Dlnltrochrysazin 

2,4-Dinltrophenol, tech 

A,<i'-Dinltro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonlc acid 

1,5-Diphenoxyanthraqulnone 

l,4-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

Dodeoylbenzene'* 

N-Ethylanlllne, refined 

2-(N-Ethylanlllno)ethanol 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonlc acid 



1,000 

pounds 

7,494 

139 

245 

180 

129 

96 

34 

24, 159 

116 

335 

60,728 



Sales 



Quantity 



18,619 
27,580 
10,758 
16,822 
14,529 

61,251 



37,893 
23,358 

292,362 

6,819 

700,969 

4,146 

58 

191 

37 

96' 

1,535 

29 

147 

162 

266 

414 

121 

169 

29,609 

81,979 

1,889 

2U 

56 

628 

55 

16,877 

1,164 

473 

375 

246 

367 

9,078 

118 

82 

106 

945 

2,352 

51 

59 

488,554 

424 

37 

604 



1,000 
pounds 



5,492 

111 

58,726 
17,425 
25,530 
8,550 
16,980 
15,771 

45,194 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 



33,531 
11,663 



439,615 



26,248 
62,844 



414 



343 
5,618 



443,203 
202 



1,135 

152 

11,221 



5,666 
3,444 
1,232 
2,212 
2,111 

5,213 



3,952 
1,261 



22,136 



2,516 
6,116 



497 


.56 


1,104 


2.67 


694 


'" 2.02 


1,410 


.25 



44,114 
113 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



Per 
pound 



$0.21 

1.37 

.19 



.33 
.13 
.14 
.13 
.13 

.12 



.12 
.11 



.05 



.10 
.10 



.10 
.56 



See footnotes at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 
TABLE 1 A. —Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, i96i— Continued 



13 



Chemical 



, Ethylbenzene 

N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonio acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetaiiiide 

1,1' -Iiiiinobis_[4-aminoanthraquinone] 

6,6'-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

l,l'-Iminobis[4-nitroanthraquinone] 

l,l'-Iminodianthraqiiinone (Dianthrimide) 

Isooyanic acid, "i-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

A,<i'-Isopropylidenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 

Isoviolanthrone (Isodlbenzanthrone) 

Leuco-l,'i-diaiiiinoanthraqmnone 

Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9, lO-Anthratetrol) 

Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

Ifetamlic acid (m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid) 

1-Methylaminoanthraquinone 

"i,'4'-Methylenebis [N,N-diethylaniline] 

<l,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] (Methane base) 

2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid- 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (Developer Z) 

a-Methylstyrene 



Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. 
From domestic crude naphthalene- 
From imported crude naphthalene- 



or above (refined flake), total- 



1,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

Naphthionic acid ("i-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) and disodium salt 

2-Naphthcl-6-sulfonic acid (Sohaeffer's acid) and sodium salt 

l-Naphthol-8-sulfonlc acid sultone (1,8-Naphthosultone) 

Naphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

2- (Naphthylthio) acetic acid 

Nicotinonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

m-Nitroaniline 

<l-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=1] 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonio acid 

Nitrobenzene 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1] 

5-Nitro-o-toluidine [NHj^l] — 

2-Nitro-p-toluidine [NH2=l] 

16-Nitroviolanthrone 

Nonylphenol 

l-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3-ylamino)anthraquinone 

l,l'-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthracen-3,9-ylenedilmino)dianthraquinone 

5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxyllc acid 

5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid (Pyrazolone T) 

Phenol, total^ 

Natural, total 

From coal tar, total 

82%-8A% 

Other 

From petroleum 

Synthetic, total 

From cumene 

Other synthetic 







Sales 














Quantity 


Value 


Unit 
value ■■■ 


1.000 


i.OOO 


1.000 


Per 


pounds 


pounds 


dollars 


pound 


1,936,338 


35,019 


2,032 


$0.06 


lUl 


• • • 


... 


... 


132 


. > . 


... 




UO 


• • • 






3,138 


■ • • 


... 


... 


25 


■ ■ • 


... 


... 


137 


< • • 






U 


■ • • 






120 


> • • 






111 


• • • 






68,405 


67,791 


44,780 


.66 


45,780 


26,319 


7,134 


.27 


69 


• • * 


... 


... 


251 


• • • 






74 


• • • 






73 


> • • 






900 




... 




80 








41 








1,160 


* • • 






94 


• ■ • 


. . • 




98 


14 


29 


2.07 


274 


226 


401 


1.77 


9,900 


2,917 


426 


.15 


56,662 


• ■ > 


... 


... 


25,015 


9,281 


1,407 


.15 


31,647 


... 


... 


... 


61 








509 




• • * 


... 


1,077 


37 


28 


.76 


382 




• • • • 




20 




• • • 




651 








38 


■ • • 






1,799 


• ■ • 






148 




• • * 


... 




11 


22 


2.00 


131 




• ■ • 


... 


28 




■ • • 


... 


126 


. > • 


■ • • 




184,558 


6,686 


730 


.11 


2,011 


1,332 


570 


.43 


497 


• • • 


* • • 


• • • 


3,894 


* • ■ 






176 


• • • 




> • • 


1,152 


602 


745 


1.24 


48 


• • • 






50,939 


17,242 


2,743 


.16 


235 




... 




434 








73 


• • • 






22 


... 


... 


... 


778,989 


334,135 


48,174 


.14 


47,678 


46,913 


6,509 


.U 


35,192 


34,768 


4,786 


.lA 


4,406 


4,562 


618 


.14 


30,786 


30,206 


4,168 


.U 


12,486 


12,145 


1,723 


.U 


731,311 


287,222 


41,665 


.U 


188,583 


83,960 


12,205 


.15 


542,728 


203,262 


29,460 


.lA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7A. — Cyclic intermediates: U.S. production and sales, i96i--Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value^ 



l-Phenol-<i-sulfonio acid 

p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride- 

m-Phenylenediamine 

Phthalic anhydride 

Picolines, total' 

2-Picoline (a-Picoline) 

All other 

Piperidine 

Propiophenone 

2° Pyridine' 

yuinaldine 

(Juinizarin 

Salicylic acid, tech 

Styrene, all grades 

Terephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

Tetrabromo-8,16-pyTanthrenedione 

3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz [de]anthracen-7-one] 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonic acid 

o-(p-Toluoyl)benzoio acid 

4- ( o-Tolylazo ) -o-toluidine ( o-Aminoazotoluene ) 

a, a, a -Triohlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea 

Violanthrone (Dibenzanthrone) 

o-Xylene 

p-Xylene 

All other cyclic intermediates 



1,000 
pounds 

3,&il 
141 

1,408 
379,847 



2,214 



289 

279 

3,176 

12 

1,308 

1,761,584 

38 

81 

■474 

449 

372 

228 

285 

318,316 

247,914 

1,859,057 



1,000 
pounds 
5,013 



224,713 
1,603 



1.000 
dollars 

937 



39,621 



Per 
pound 



915 



548 
1,055 



2,899 



1,968 

996,001 

70,151 



1,989 



423 



250,913 
219,359 
627,758 



237 
678 



2,239 



745 

106,369 

25,387 



300 



86 



12,112 

29,111 

181,471 



).19 



.18 
.57 



.64 



.77 



.38 

.11 
.36 



.15 



.20 



.05 
.13 
.29 



■'■ Unit values calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, Department of the Interior, and for tar and petroleum refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. 
Tariff Commission. 

^ Includes some mixed cresols. Figures include (o,m,p)-cresol from coal tar and from petroleum. 

* Includes keryl-type benzenes . 

' Includes data for coke ovens and gas-retort ovens, reported to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of 
Mines, Department of the Interior, and for tar refineries and other producers, reported to the U.S. Tariff Commission. 



In 1961, production of two of the largest volume intermediates exceeded 1 billion pounds each 
for the sixth successive year. The output of ethylbenzene totaled 1,936 million pounds (16.6 per- 
cent more than in I960) and that of styrene, 1, 762 million pounds (1. percent more than in I960). 
Ethylbenzene is used almost entirely in the manufacture of styrene, which, in turn, is used al- 
most entirely in the manufacture of plastics materials and synthetic rubber. The output of other 
large -volume intermediates in 1961 compared with the output in I960 as follows: Cyclohexane, 
24. 3 percent larger; phenol, 0. 8 percent larger; phthalic anhydride, 5. 3 percent smaller; and 
monochlorobenzene, 10.4 percent smaller. Production of dodecylbenzene in 1961 was slightly 
smaller than in I960; that of naphthalene was 8. 8 percent smaller. Production of orthoxylene, 
which was first reported separately in 1959, amounted to 318 million pounds in 1961, compared 
with 139 million pounds in 1960--representing an increase of 129. 5 percent. 



Dyes 

Dyes are synthetic organic chemicals derived from cyclic intermediates. About three - 
fourths of the dyes consumed in the United States are used by the textile industry to dye natural 
and synthetic fibers or fabrics; the rest are used chiefly by the industries that produce organic 
pigments, paper, and leather. Of the several thousand different synthetic dyes that are known, 
more than two thousand are manufactured by one or more domestic producers. The large number 



DYES 



15 



of dyes results from the many different types of materials to which dyes are applied, the dif- 
ferent conditions of service for which dyes, are required, and the costs that a particular use can 
bear. Dyes are sold as pastes, powders, lumps, and solutions; concentrations vary from 6 per- 
cent to 100 percent. The concentration, form, and purity of a dye is determined largely by the 
use for which it is intended. 

Table 8A shows U.S. production and sales of dyes in 1961, total and by individual dyes, 
using the new Colour Index classification and terminology which was used for the first time in 
the Commission's 1958 report. 

Total domestic production of dyes in 1961 amounted to 167 million pounds--6.8 percent 
more than the 156 million pounds produced in I960, but 1. 7 percent less than the 170 million 
pounds reported for 1959. Sales of dyes in 1961 amounted to 158 million pounds, valued at $213 
million, compared with 148 million pounds, valued at $192 million, in I960. In terms of quantity, 
sales of dyes in 1961 were 7. 2 percent larger than those in I960, and in terms of value, 10. 9 
percent larger. 

For many important individual low- and medium -priced dyes for which statistics are given 
in table 8A, production was larger in 1961 than in I960. The output of Direct Black 38 (Direct 
Black EW) was 6.0 million pounds in 1961, or 7.3 percent more than the 5.6 million 
pounds produced in 1960; that of Vat Green 1 was 4.9 million pounds, or 96.6 percent 

TABLE 8A. —Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all coal-tar dyes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table 8B in pt. Ill lists all dyes for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies 
the manufacturer of each] 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



Grand total 

ACID DYES 

Total 

Acid yellow dyes, total 

Acid Yellow 3 

Acid Yellow 11 

Acid Yellow 17 

Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 36 -■ 

Acid Yellow A-0 

Acid Yellow A2 

Acid Yellow AA 

Acid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 73 

Acid Yellow 99 

All other 

Acid orange dyes, total 

Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 7 

Acid Orange 8 

Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 24 

Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 74 

All other 

Acid red dyes, total 

Acid Red 1 

Acid Red 4 

Acid Red 14 -- • 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
166,550 



1,000 
pounds 

158,351 



1,000 
dot lars 
213,078 



Per 
pound 



$1.35 



15,135 



14,464 



27,268 



1.89 



1,905 



31 

18 

283 

234 

210 

91 

15 

16 

95 

43 
869 

2,364 



1,598 



25 
875 
370 
280 
420 

42 
352 

2,153 



35 

24 

294 

199 

230 

73 

19 

18 

66 

62 

58 

520 

2,217 



3,457 



2.16 



"22" 
785 
331 
280 
427 
17 
44 
309 

1,878 



121 

47 

608 

439 

333 

200 

36 

55 

134 

146 

122 

1,216 

2,901 



3.46 
1.96 
2.07 
2.21 
1.45 
2.74 
1.89 
3.06 
2.03 
2.35 
2.10 
2.3^ 

1.31 



55 
644 
336 
365 
607 
44 
97 
753 

3,633 



2.29 
.82 
1.02 
1.30 
1.42 
2.59 
2.20 
2.44 

1.93 



301 
57 
55 



360 
69 
49 



382 

121 

72 



1.06 
1.75 
1.47 



See also table 8B, pt. 01, which lists these products and identifies the manufacturers, and appendix A (uble 24), which shows i 
pons of dyes during 1959-61. 



16 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Rye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value-"- 



ACID DYES— Continued 

Acid red dyes — Continued 

Acid Red 17 

Acid Red 18 

Acid Red 26 

Acid Red 37 

Acid Red 73 

Acid Red 85 

Acid Red 87 

Acid Red 88 

Acid Red 89 

Acid Red lU 

Acid Red 115 

Acid Red 137 

Acid Red 151 

Acid Red 182— 

Acid Red 186 

All other 

Acid violet dyes, total 

Acid Violet 1 

Acid Violet 3 -- 

Acid Violet 7 

Acid Violet 12 

Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 43 

All other 

Acid blue dyes, total 

Acid Blue 7 

Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 22 

Acid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 4-0 

Acid Blue 41 . 

Acid Blue 43 

Acid Blue 45 

Acid Blue 59 

Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 90 

Acid Blue 104 

Acid Blue 158 and 158A 

All other 

Acid green dyes, total 

Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 9 

Acid Green 12 

Acid Green 16 

Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 25 

Acid Green 50 

All other 

Acid brovm dyes, total 

Acid Brown 14 

All other 

Acid black dyes, total 

Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 24 

Acid Black 48-- 

Acid Black 52 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



110 
119 

32 
205 

60 

81 
39 

41 

120 
17 
21 

895 

430 



23 

68 
32 

57 

250 
2,463 



117 
530 

45 

87 

33 

632 



111 
908 



638 



120 
32 
20 

171 

106 
189 
754 



411 
343 

4,428 



1,959 

98 

35 

332 

2,004 



1,000 
pounds 



31 

131 

118 

31 

221 

76 

54 

88 

24 

49 

16 

121 

11 

23 

15 

391 

451 



1,000 
dollars 

41 

14^ 

128 

69 

467 

124 

121 

142 

41 

96 

25 

392 

23 

75 

38 

1,132 

946 



36 
133 
91 
31 
47 
12 
101 

2,412 



105 

538 

29 

51 

12 

65 

27 

522 

17 

20 

U 

20 

148 

844 

607 



153 
23 

140 
38 

101 
46 

106 

666 



335 
331 

4,635 



2,033 

102 

37 

2,463 



65 
282 
128 

47 
106 

43 
275 

6.807 



331 

649 

103 

263 

47 

220 

148 

1,696 

60 

137 

U7 

63 

320 

2,623 

1,577 



"159 
99 

432 
72 

364 
78 

343 

1,443 



465 
978 

6,504 



2,296 
174 
193 

'3,841 



DYES 



\7 



TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 
Azoic Compositions 

Total 

Azoic Yellow 1 

Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic red dyes, total 

Azoic Red 1 

Azoic Red 2 

Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Red 16 

All other 

Azoic Violet 1 

Azoic blue dyes, total 

Azoic Blue 3 

All other 

Azoic brown dyes, total 

Azoic Brown 9 

All other 

Azoic black dyes 

All other azoic compositions 

Azoic Diazo Components, Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Total 

Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 12, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, base 

All other azoic diazo components, bases 

Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 

Total 

Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 6, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 11, salt 

Azoic Diazo -Component 12, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 36, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 42, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 48, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

All other azoic diazo components, salts 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 



2,260 



67 
59 
89 

675 



130 
82 

298 
12 

153 

42 
128 



54 
74 



273 



143 
130 

871 
56 



686 



Sales 



Quantity 



38 


• • • 


• • • 


33 


• • • 


■ ■ • 


59 


57 


64 


191 


210 


239 




58 


139 


163 


139 


222 


43 


49 


99 


159 


187 


329 



1,776 



1,000 
pounds 



2,035 



68 
53 
73 

571 



118 
63 

231 
13 

146 

33 
131 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 



50 
81 



234 



116 
118 

812 
60 



700 



1,709 



9 


10 


13 


368 


346 


262 


53 


53 


66 


29 


25 


27 


44 


40 


39 


131 


132 


90 




31 


55 


103 


99 


113 


350 


372 


274 


19 


19 


58 


203 


194 


215 


133 


136 


246 


10 


7 


20 


70 


61 


84 


65 


53 


159 


189 


131 


266 



3,653 



80 
104 
137 

852 



199 
106 
288 
24 
235 

123 

242 



76 
166 



544 



364 
180 

1,405 
166 



1,092 



1,987 



18 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 

Azoic Coupling Components 
a^aphthol AS and derivatives) 

Total 

Azoic Coupling Component 2 

Azoic Coupling Component 3 

Azoic Coupling Component 4 

Azoic Coupling Component 5 

Azoic Coupling Component 7 

Azoic Coupling Component 12 

Azoic Coupling Component 13 

Azoic Coupling Component 14 

Azoic Coupling Component 17 

Azoic Coupling Component 18 

Azoic Coupling Component 19 

Azoic Coupling Component 20 

Azoic Coupling Component 21 

Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 34 

Azoic Coupling Component 35 

All other azoic coupling components 

BASIC DYES 

Total 

Basic Yellow 2 

Basic orange dyes, total 

Basic Orange 1 

Basic Orange 2 

All other 

Basic Red 2 

Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 3 

Basic Violet 4 

Basic blue dyes, total 

Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 7 

Basic Blue 9 

Basic Blue 26 

All other 

Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 4 

Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 4 

All other basic dyes — . 

DIRECT DYES 

Total - — 

Direct yellow dyes, total 

Direct Yellow 4 

Direct Yellow 5 

Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 8 

Direct Yellow 11 

Direct Yellow 12— 



1,000 
pounds 

2,316 



375 

12 

7 

68 

437 

80 

30 

129 

163 

530 

71 
64 

51 

33 

266 



7,396 



635 



760 



130 
492 
138 

153 

1,148 

986 

70 

962 



22 
140 
432 

58 
310 

75 

414 

24^ 

489 

1,460 



22,818 



4,075 



320 
801 



558 
337 



1.000 
pounds 

2,216 



1,000 
dol lars 

4,306 



16 

11 

65 

480 

87 

35 

106 

136 

486 

4 

50 

42 

19 

41 

34 

604 



6,372 



549 

736 

441 
151 

158 

812 

943 

66 

733 



22 
103 
274 

62 
272 

70 

413 

222 

569 

1,101 



23,404 



4,015 



333 
89 

827 
22 

566 

303 



47 

18 

182 

880 

266 

131 

202 

256 

596 

24 

100 

93 

53 

97 

134 

1,227 



14,824 



1,211 
1,181 



153 
488 
540 

461 
1,094 
1,812 

197 

2,288 

— wr 

368 

620 

189 

1,024 

248 

1,139 

300 

711 

4,182 



35,144 



7,612 



406 

1,311 

71 

691 

723 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DYES 



19 



TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i96i— Continued 



Dye 



Direct yellow dyes- 
Direct Yellow 26- 
Direot Yellow 28- 
Direct Yellow 29- 
Direot Yellow 4i- 
Direct Yellow 50- 
All other 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 



•Continued 



Direct orange dyes, total- 
Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 15 

Direct Orange 26 

Direct Orange 29 

Direct Orange 3A- 

Direct Orange 37 

Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 72 

Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 102 

All other 



Direct red dyes, total 

Direct Red 1 

Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 10 

Direct Red 13 

Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 23 

Direct Red 24 

Direct Red 26 

Direct Red 28 

Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 37—- -- 

Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 79 

Direct Red 80 

Direct Red 81 

Direct Red 83 

Direct Red 8^4 

Direct Red 122 

Direct Red 123 

Direct Red 127 and 127A- 

Direot Red U9 

Direct Red 152 

All other 



Direct violet dyes, total- 
Direct Violet 1 

Direct Violet 9 

Direct Violet U 

Direct Violet 22 

All other 



Direct blue dyes, total- 
Direct Blue 1 

Direct Blue 2 

Direct Blue 6 

Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue W 

Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 22 

Direct Blue 24 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 



Quantity 



223 

65 

-407 

188 

1,176 

1,548 



T9- 

123 

139 

19 

104 

47 

62 

147 

101 

51 

158 

578 

2,466 



75 

386 

11 

36 

12 

211 

153 

51 

UO 

14 

65 

28 

23 

232 

247 

194 

94 



11 

10 

465 

190 



74 



105 



4,088 



207" 
1,423 

359 
45 
86 

14 



1.000 
pounds 



7 
216 

68 

366 

199 

1,019 

1,477 



TT 
95 

148 
27 
51 
94 
48 
56 

152 
93 
58 

136 

506 

2,488 



102 

362 

16 

59 

18 

217 

146 

54 

140 

15 

66 

26 

26 

213 

229 

163 

91 

19 

21 

8 

4 

17 

7 

469 

177 



"TT 

66 

12 

7 

79 



210 
1,587 

345 
52 
84 
38 
18 
22 



Sales 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 



17 
432 

95 

645 

364 

2,174 

3,622 



140 
172 
59 
108 
217 
127 
126 
370 
308 
175 
382 
1,400 

5,417 



T6J 

588 

24 

98 

37 

490 

307 

151 

177 

55 

161 

78 

92 

465 

473 

435 

151 

43 

104 

20 

14 

54 

33 

1,204 

529 

TT 

165 

19 

12 

307 

6,161 



TtT 

1,402 
199 
104 
73 
40 
44 
33 



Unit 
value^ 



Per 
pound 



$2.43 
2.00 
1.40 
1.76 
1.83 
2.13 

2.45 



1.47 



,16 
19 
12 
31 
65 
25 
43 
31 
02 
2.81 
2.77 



2.18 



1.62 
1.50 
1.66 
2.06 
2.26 
2.10 
2.80 
1.26 
3.67 
2.44 
3.00 
3.54 
2.18 
2.07 
2.67 
1.66 
2.26 
4.95 
2.50 
3.50 
3.18 
4.71 
2.57 

2.99 



"TTDD" 
2.50 
1.58 
1.71 
3.89 

1.43 



2.25 

.88 

.58 

2.00 

.87 

1.05 

2.44 

1.50 



See footnotes at end of table. 



20 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 8A. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, i96i~ Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 

Direct blue dyes — Continued 

Direct Blue 25 

Direct Blue 26 

Direct Blue 67 

Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 76 

Direct Blue 78 ^— 

Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 86 

Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 120 and 120A 

Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 151 

All other 

Direct green dyes, total 

Direct Green 1 

Direct Green 6 

Direct Green 38 

All other 

Direct brown dyes, total 

Direct Brown 1 and lA 

Direct Brown 2 

Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 31 

Direct Brown 7"4 

Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 111 

Direct Brown 154 

All other 

Direct black dyes, total 

Direct Black 4 

Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 37~- 

Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 71 

Direct Black 78 

Direct Black 80 

All other 

DISPERSE DYES 

Total — 

Disperse yellow dyes, total 

Disperse Yellow 3 

Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 37 

All other 

Disperse orange dyes, total 

Disperse Orange 3 

Disperse Orange 5 

Disperse Orange 17 

All other 

Disperse red dyes, total 

Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 13 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



17 



45 
127 

42 
178 
553 
117 

37 

58 

783 
786 



152 
356 

288 

1,400 



291 

180 

28 

90 

43 

351 

70 

135 

212 

8,265 



219 

68 

430 

5,963 



65 
837 
603 



7,970 



1,197 



391 
58 
101 
106 
541 

551 



^S2 

54 

177 

238 



137 
34 
19 



1.000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



30 

4 

16 

56 

118 

56 

192 

520 

118 

72 

80 

20 

667 

805 



117 

434 

9 

245 

1,552 



333 

171 

39 

91 

45 

426 

79 

145 

223 

8,585 



243 

86 

410 

8 

6,231 

82 

3 

86 

868 

568 



7,183 



1,061 



375 
29 

106 
82 

469 

512 



55 
148 
241 



141 
42 

17 



78 
6 

72 
151 
U9 
159 
302 
922 
205 
156 
202 

27 
1,364 



129 

511 

36 

877 

2,201 



260 
42 
243 
69 
306 
277 
207 
453 

8,049 



226 

119 

364 

11 

4,979 

219 

6 

170 

922 

1,033 



17,354 



2,595 

7BB" 

108 

169 

161 

1,369 

944 



114 
118 
161 
551 



217 
49 
23 



DYES 
TABLE BA. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



21 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



DISPERSE DIES—Contlnued 

Disperse red dyes — Continued 

Disperse Red 15 

Disperse Red 17 

All other 

Disperse violet dyes, total 

Disperse Violet 1 

Disperse Violet A- 

All other 

Disperse blue dyes, total 

Disperse Blue 1 

Disperse Blue 3 

Disperse Blue 7 

All other 

Disperse Black 1 

Disperse Black 9 

All other disperse dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Fiber-reactive dyes, total 

FLUORESCE^f^ BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Total - 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 68 

All other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Total 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total - - 

FD&C Blue No. 1 — - 

FDScC Red No. 2 

FD&C Red No. 3 

FD&C Red No. 4 

FD&C Yellow No. 5 - 

FD&C Yellow No. 6 

All other food, drug, and cosmetic dyes 

Drug and Cosmetic and External Drag 
and Cosmetic Dyes 

Total — - — 

D6C Orange No. 4 

D&C Red No. 7 

D&C Red No. 19 - 

D&C Red No. 21 - -■ 

D&C Red No. 36- - - -- 

D&C Yellow No. 5 — - - 

All other drug and cosmetic and external drug and cosmetic 
dyes 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



74 
877 



292 



40 

30 

222 

3,075 



305 

881 

231 

1,658 

219 

1,122 

373 



1,197 



9,756 



72 
9,684 



2,525 



2,254 



271 



19 
12 

232 



1,000 
pouruis 



1,000 
dol lars 



92 

85 

680 

259 



25 

39 

195 

2,746 



283 

816 

190 

1,457 

251 

1,043 

254 



993 



9,1U 



68 
9,046 



2,270 



2,020 



48 


45 


557 


623 


576 


1,879 


43 


38 


610 


400 


305 


1,536 


595 


554 


1,855 


513 


466 


1,531 


32 


36 


450 



250 



8 
8 
16 
44 
12 
19 

143 



254 

96 

2,363 

762 



93 
146 
523 

8,084 



1,020 
1,352 
1,177 
4,535 

338 

1,039 

590 



4,172 



20,772 



794 
19,978 



9,514 



8,418 



1,096 



40 
28 
71 
155 
41 
47 

71A 



22 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 
TABLE 8A. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



MORDANT DYES 

Total 

Mordant yellow dyes, total 

Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 5 

Mordant Yellow 8 

Mordant Yellow 10 

Mordant Yellow 16 

All other 

Mordant orange dyes, total 

Mordant Orange 1 

All other 

Mordant Red 3 

Mordant Red 7 

Mordant blue dyes, total 

Mordant Blue 1 

Mordant Blue 9 

All other 

Mordant brown dyes, total 

Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 33 

Mordant Brown 40 

All other 

Mordant black dyes, total 

Mordant Black 1 

Mordant Black 11 

Mordant Black 13 

Mordant Black 17 

Mordant Black 38 

All other 

All other mordant dyes 

SOLVENT DYES 

Total 

Solvent yellow dyes, total 

Solvent Yellow 2 

Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow lA 

Solvent Yellow "47 

All other 

Solvent orange dyes, total 

Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 7 

All other 

Solvent red dyes, total 

Solvent Red 24 

Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 49 

All other 

Solvent Violet 8 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 

3,864 



172 



41 



131 



62 



35 
27 



11 
41 



103 



34 

63 

6 

213 



25 

7 
181 

3,210 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,964 

96 

878 

25 

247 

52 



6,477 



1,200 



22 

911 

50 

217 

252 



18 
103 
131 

957 



581 

234 

27 

115 

258 



1,000 
pounds 

4,096 



203 



41 
9 
10 
16 
10 
117 

77 



27 
50 



12 

47 



102 



42 
47 
13 

258 



57 

35 

U 

152 

3,327 



IT 
2,231 

78 
697 

24 
283 

70 



5,550 



Value 



Unit 
value ■*■ 



1,000 
dollars 

5,291 



792 



30 
43 

531 
39 

149 

235 



13 
104 
118 

752 



368 

239 

22 

123 

226 



306 



52 
23 
16 
15 
17 
183 

137 



43 
94 



36 
97 



273 



139 
93 

41 

573 



127 
64 
38 

344 

3.637 



20 

2,130 

218 

708 

89 
472 

232 



9,210 



1,497 



70 
648 
178 
553 

553 



31 
170 
352 

1,693 



666 
435 
139 
453 

363 



Per 
pound 



DYES 



23 



TABLE 8A. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



SOLVENT DYES—Continued 

Solvent blue dyes, total 

Solvent Blue 4 

Solvent Blue 38 

All other 

Solvent green dyes, total 

Solvent Green 1 

Solvent Green 3 

All other 

All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DYES 

Total— 

Solubilized Sulfur Yellow 2 

Sulfur Red 1 

Sulfur Red 6 

Sulfur Blue 7 

Sulfur Blue 15 — 

Sulfur Green 2 

Sulfur Brown 10 

Sulfur Black 1 

All other sulfur dyes 

VAT DYES 

Total- 

Vat yellow dyes, total 

Vat Yellow 2, 8-l/2%- 

Vat Yellow A, 12-1/2%--- 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 4, 37-1/296 

All other 

Vat orange dyes, total 

Vat Orange 1, 20% 

Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 26% 

Vat Orange 2, 12% 

Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2%- 

Vat Orange "1, 6%- 

Vat Orange 5, 10%— 

Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30%- 

Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 15, 10% 

All other 

Vat Red 1, 13% 

Vat Red 13, 11%- 

Vat Red 15, 10%- 

Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Vat Violet 2, 20% -— 

Vat Violet 9, 12% 

Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% --- 

Vat Violet 17, 12-1/2*- 

Vat Blue 1, 209^ 

Vat Blue 4, 10%- - 

Vat Blue 5, 16^^ 

Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3'^ 

Solubilized Vat Blue 6, 17-1/2*- — 

Vat Blue U, 8-1/3* 

Vat Blue 18, 13 »■ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 



412 



66 
137 
209 

73 



11 
AA 
18 

3,325 



34,055 



18 

54 

186 

10 

73 

1,540 

32,174 



48,187 



3,962 



2,223 

904 

8 

827 

2,572 



480 

11 

465 

65 
241 
4 
238 
546 
522 

486 
88 

504 
122 
154 
695 
103 

337 
366 
2,390 
24 
260 
745 



1,000 
pounds 



412 



1,000 
dollars 

1,907 



156 
256 



68 



12 
38 
18 

3,065 



32,362 



10 

12 

41 

180 

16 

18 

61 

1,575 

30,449 



45,802 



3,553 



2,013 

840 

6 

694 

2,123 



402 
10 

378 

123 
47 

2U 

111 
522 
316 

380 

96 

173 

442 

86 

113 

552 

53 

6,481 

119 

359 

2,422 

223 
704 



763 
1,144 

318 



34 

204 

80 

2,879 



8,673 



5 

10 

76 

165 

34 

43 

78 

569 

7,693 



49,386 



5,152 



2,125 

1,014 

40 

1,973 



1,199 
70 
892 
276 
149 
325 

298 
1,127 
1,068 

668 
293 
163 

1,000 
211 
431 

1,334 
180 

1,671 
196 
336 

2,868 

274 
1,221 



24 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE SA. --Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Bye 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■'• 



VAT DYES— Continued 



U%- 



Vat Blue 20, 

Vat Green 1, 6% 

Solubilized Vat Green 1, 12-1/2%- 

Vat Green 3, 10% 

Solubilized Vat Green 3, 26% 

Vat Green 8, 8-3/2% 

Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 



Vat brown dyes, total 

Vat Brown 1, IW- 

Vat Brown 3, 11% 

Vat Brown 5, 13% 

Vat Brown 20, 10-1/2%- 
All other 



1.000 
pounds 

499 

4,899 

40 

2,729 

10 

2,167 

812 

3,912 



1,000 
pounds 

662 
4,978 

2,395 

10 

1,203 

743 

3,802 



Vat black dyes, total 

Solubilized Vat Black 1, 27-1/2%-- 

Vat Black 25, 12-1/2% 

Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% — 

All other 



1,007 

1,264 

293 

73 

1,275 

7,513 



All other vat dyes- 
All other dyes^ 



3,447 

920 

3,146 

12,798 

132 



893 

1,249 

292 

131 

1,237 

7,047 



1,000 
dollars 

984 
3,547 

1,753 

62 

1,204 

690 

6,807 



Per 
pound 



$1.49 
.71 

.73 
6.20 
1.00 

.93 

1.79 



1,513 

1,932 

430 

288 

2,644 

8,134 



1.69 
1.55 
1.47 
2.20 
2.14 

1.15 



2,984 

869 

3,188 

7,083 

81 



39 
2,758 
1,176 
4,161 

4,803 

432 



6.50 

.92 

1.35 

1.31 

.66 

5.33 



^ Calculated from rounded figures . 

^ Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyes, and miscellaneous dyes. 

more than the 2.5 million pounds reported £or I960. Other important dyes whose output was sub- 
stantially larger in 1961 than in I960 were Vat Green 8 (65.2 percent); Disperse Blue 3 
(65.3 percent); Disperse Black 9 (47.8 percent); Mordant Black 17 (46.6 percent); Vat Black 25 
(36. 1 percent); Vat Yellow 2 (33.6 percent); Acid Black 1 (22.0 percent); and Basic Violet l(l5.8 
percent). 

On the other hand, the output of a few important dyes was smaller in 1961 than in I960. Pro- 
duction of Direct Blue 2 in 1961 was 1. 4 million pounds - -25. 5 percent less than the 1.9 million 
pounds reported for I960. The output of Vat Orange 15 was 26.9 percent smaller in 1961 than in 
1960; that of Vat Black 27 was 22. 1 percent smaller; that of Vat Brown 3 was 8.4 percent 
smaller; and that of Vat Green 3 was 5.8 percent smaller. 

Table 9 summarizes production and sales of dyes in 1961, by class of application. Four 
classes of dyes accounted for 72.2 percent of the total output of dyes in 1961. Vat dyes accounted 
for 28.9 percent of the total; sulfur dyes, for 20.5 percent; direct dyes, for 13.7 percent; and 
acid dyes, for 9. 1 percent. In 1961 the output of three of the four major classes was larger than 
that in I960. Production of sulfur dyes was 9.8 percent larger; acid dyes, 5.8 percent larger; 
and vat dyes, 3. 5 percent larger. Production of direct dyes was 1. 1 percent smaller in 1961 
than in I960. 

The output of two classes of dyes increased substantially in 1961. The production of fluo- 
rescent brightening agents was 9.8 nnillion pounds in 1961, or 30 percent more than the output 
of 7. 5 million pounds in I960. Production of fiber -reactive dyes was 1.2 million pounds in 1961, 
or 311 percent more than the 291,000 pounds in I960. Of the remaining classes, the output of 
disperse dyes was 21.7 percent larger in 1961 than in I960; basic dyes, 9.6 percent larger; 
food, drug, and cosmetic dyes, 4.5 percent larger; and the azoic dyes and components, 1.8 
percent larger. The output of mordant dyes, on the other hand, was 2.8 percent smaller in 1961 
than in I960. There was no significant change in the output of solvent dyes. 

Table 10 shows production and sales of dyes in 1961 by chennical class. In 1961 four chemi- 
cal classes of dyes accounted for more than 75 percent of all the dyes produced: Azo dyes 



DYES 



25 



TABLE 9. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, by class of application, 1961 



Class of application 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Total- — 

Acid 

Azoic dyes and components: 

Azoic compositions 

Azoic diazo components, bases (Fast color bases) 

Azoic diazo components, salts (Fast color salts) 

Azoic coupling components (Naphthol AS and derivatives) 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Food, drug, and cosmetic colors 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat — - 

All other^ - 



1,000 
pounds 
166,560 



1.000 
pounds 
158,351 



1,000 
dol lars 
213,078 



Per 
pound 

$1.35 



15,135 

2,260 

686 

1,776 

2,316 

7,396 

22,818 

7,970 

1,197 

9,756 

2,525 

3,864. 

6,477 

34,055 

48,187 

132 



14,464 

2,035 

700 

1,709 

2,216 

6,372 

23,404 

7,183 

993 

9,114 

2,270 

4,096 

5,550 

32,362 

45,802 

81 



27,268 

3,653 

1,092 

1,987 

4,306 

14,824 

35,144 

17,354 

4,172 

20,772 

9,514 

5,291 

9,210 

8,673 

49,386 

432 



1.89 

1.80 
1.56 
1.16 
1.94 
2.33 
1,50 
2.42 
4.20 
2.28 
4.19 
1.29 
1.66 
.27 
1.08 
5.33 



Calculated from rounded figures. 
^ Includes oxidation bases, ingrain dyee, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for these groups of dyes may not be 
published separately because publication would disclose information received in confidence. 

TABLE 10. — Coal-tar dyes: U.S. production and sales, by chemical class, 1961 



Chemical class 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value^ 



Total 

Acridine 

Ami no ketone 

Anthraquinone — 

Azo, total 

Monoazo 

Disazo 

Trisazo 

Polyazo 

Not specified- 

Azoic 

Indigoid 

Ketone imlne 

Nitro -- 

Oxazine 

Phthalocyanlne - ■ 

Qui no line 

Stilbene 

Sulfur^ 

Thiazine 

Thiazole 

Triarylmethane -■ 

Xanthene 

All other^ 



1,000 
pounds 
166,550 



1,000 
pounds 
158,351 



1,000 
dollars 
213,078 



Per 
pound 



$1.35 



33 

69 

38,937 

44,929 



14,445 

13,498 

9,332 

1,207 

6,447 

7,038 

6,792 

649 

484 

80 

834 

153 

9,766 

34,055 

432 

349 

5,327 

1,279 

15,344 



40 

47 

35,144 

44,549 



13,945 

13,556 

9,928 

1,147 

5,973 

6,660 

8,074 

561 

438 

53 

798 

174 

9,181 

32,362 

275 

373 

4,524 

584 

14,514 



102 

280 

60,291 

74,426 



26,837 
22,608 
10,509 
2,049 
12,423 

11,038 

4,464 

1,246 

905 

183 

2,091 

733 

19,851 

8,673 

623 

800 

10,736 

2,785 

13,851 



2.55 
5.96 
1.72 

1.67 



1.92 
1.67 
1.06 
1.79 
2.08 

1.66 

.55 

2.22 

2.07 

3.45 

2.62 

4.21 

2.16 

.27 

2.27 

2.14 

2.37 

4.77 

.95 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Does not include vat sulfur dyes. 

' Includes azine, coumarin, hydroxyketone , methine, nitroso, vat sulfur, and miscellaneous dyes. Statistics for 
these groups of dyes may not be published separately because publication would disclose information received in 
confidence. 



658234 O - 62 ' 



26 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

accounted for 27.0 percent of the total; anthraquinone dyes, for Z3.4 percent; sulfur dyes (not 
including vat sulfur dyes), for 20.4 percent; and stilbene dyes, for 5.9 percent. The output of 
each of these four classes was larger in 1961 than in I960; that of anthraquinone dyes was 14. 9 
percent larger; that of stilbene dyes, 13.3 percent larger; that of sulfur dyes, 9.8 percent 
larger; and that of azo dyes, 2. 5 percent larger. Production of all but three of the remaining 
important chemical classes--the indigoid dyes, thiazole dyes, and nitro dyes--was larger in 
1961 than in I960. The output of phthalocyanine dyes was 71.3 percent larger in 1961 than in 
I96O; thiazine dyes, 60.6 percent larger; triarylmethane dyes, 11.7 percent larger; and 
xanthene dyes, 5. 2 percent larger. In terms of value of sales, the most important classes of 
dyes in I96I were the azo dyes ($74.4 million), the anthraquinone dyes ($60.3 million), the 
stilbene dyes ($19.9 million), and the azoic dyes ($11.0 million). 

Toners and Lakes 

As the terms are used in this report, toners and lakes are synthetic organic pigments. 
They are used in paints and related products, in printing inks, and in plastics and resin ma- 
terials. 

Statistics on production and sales of all lakes and toners in 1961 are given in table llA.^ 
Statistics on sales of a few selected pigments by commercial forms (dry full-strength fornn, 
dry extended form, dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions, and flushed colors) are given in 
table 12. Individual lakes and toners are identified in this report by the names used in the sec- 
ond edition of the Colour Index rather than by their common names. "^ 

Separate data were not collected for production and sales of extended toners in 1961. In- 
stead, data were collected for production and sales of all toners, full- strength and extended, in 
terms of full-strength toner content. Because of this change, caution should be used in com- 
paring data for 1961 with those for earlier years. Production of toners for 1961 should be com- 
pared with the total quantity of production of full-strength toners plus the toner content of pro- 
duction of extended toners for earlier years. Quantity of sales of toners for 196 1 should be 
compared with the total quantity of sales of full-strength toners plus the estimated toner content 
of sales of extended toners for earlier years. Value data are not strictly comparable, since 
values of toners for 1961 exclude the value of any extenders, as well as any additional process- 
ing and packaging costs of the dry extended form over the dry full-strength form. Values of 
toners for 1961 should, therefore, be somewhat smaller than those reported for previous years. 
It is believed however, that any differences in value are relatively small, both in the overall 
totals and in the totals for individual toners, so that comparison should be valid in most in- 
stances. 

Total production of lakes and toners in 1961, including toner content of extended toners, 
was 35. 1 million pounds --3. 2 percent less than the 36.2 million pounds produced in I960 and 
7.2 percent less than the 37.8 million pounds produced in 1959. Total sales of lakes and toners 
in 1961, including toner content of extended toners, amounted to 29.5 million pounds, valued at 
$66. 3 million, compared with an estimated 28. 8 million pounds, valued at $64. 3 nnillion, in 
1960, and an estimated 28.9 million pounds, valued at $65.6 million, in 1959. In terms of quan- 
tity, sales of lakes and toners in 1961 were 2.2 percent larger than in 1960, and 1.9 percent 
larger than in 1959; in terms of value, sales in 1961 were 3.2 percent larger than in I960, and 
1.0 percent larger than in 1959. 

Production of toners in 1961 amounted to 31.4 million pounds- -2.0 percent less than the 
32.0 million pounds reported for I960. Sales in 1961 were 26.4 million pounds, valued at $63.2 
million, compared with an estimated 25.7 million pounds, valued at $60.8 million, in I960. 
Sales in 1961 were thus 2.6 percent larger than in I960, in terms of quantity, and 4.0 percent 
larger, in terms of value. Production of red toners in 1961 amounted to 15.8 million pounds, or 
50. 5 percent of the total output of toners. The individual toners produced in the largest quantities 
in 1961 were Pigment Red 49, barium toner, 3. 1 million pounds; Pignnent Blue 15, alpha form, 
2.6 million pounds; Pigment Yellow 12, 2.5 million pounds; Pigment Green 7, 2.3 million 
pounds; and Pigment Red 3, 2. 1 million pounds. 



See also table IIB, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of lakes and toners during the years 1959-61. 

^ See appendix C, which lists the common names of all the pigments mentioned in this report. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



27 



Production of lakes totaled 3.7 million pounds in 1961, or 12.3 percent less than the 4.2 
inillion reported for I960. Sales of lakes in 1961 amounted to 3. 1 million pounds, valued at $3. 1 
million, compared with sales in I960 of 3.1 million pounds , valued at $3.5 million. Sales in 1961 
were thus approxinnately the same as those in I960, in terms of quantity, but 11.2 percent 
smaller, in terms of value. Pigment Blue 24, with an output of 1.9 million pounds, was the lake 
produced in largest quantity in 1961. 

Table 12 gives data on sales by commercial forms for each of 16 selected pigments or groups 
of pigments. Pigment Yellow 12, Pigment Red 90, Pigment Blue 19, and Pigment Blue 24 were 
sold principally in flushed form. The remaining 12 pigments or groups of pigments for which data 
are shown were sold principally in dry full-strength form. 



TABLE llA. --Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

Listed below are all toners and lakes for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. (Leaders 
are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were 
reported.) Table IIB in pt. Ill lists all toners and lakes for v.'hioh data on production or sales were reported and 
identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■'• 



Grand total 

TONERS 

Total—- 

Yellow toners, total 

Hansa yellows, total 

Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680 

Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 

Other Hansa yellows 

Benzidine yellows : 

Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100— — 

Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

All other 

Orange toners, total 

Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

All other 

Red toners, total 

Naphthol reds, total 

Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 

Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 - 

Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 

Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350 — 

Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 - - 

Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 - 

Other naphthol reds 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light— 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120— --■ 

Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085- --■ 

Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 ■ 

Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

Barium toner 

Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 ■ 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner- 



1,000 
pounds 

35,062 



31,366 



4,736 
9ZT 
601 
120 
222 

2,541 

70 

945 

168 

69 

616 



154 

83 

123 

256 

15,835 



636 

50 

91 

6 

72 

10 

123 

108 

176 

238 

390 

2,071 

303 

107 

1,844 

3,077 

1,317 

321 

614 

1,585 



1,000 
pounds 
29,472 



1,000 
dot tars 

66,322 



26,355 



3,288 



661 

433 

77 

151 

1,674 

32 

739 

151 

31 

539 



147 

76 

110 

206 

13,409 



463 
38 
37 
6 
62 
10 

119 
94 
97 

213 

346 
1,424 

279 

89 

1,715 

2,806 

1,250 

327 

573 

1,323 



63,223 



8,040 



1,720 
983 
193 
544 

3,620 
99 

1,855 
507 
239 

1,849 



234 
243 
324 

1,048 



1,694 

98 

193 

21 

190 

34 

350 

355 

453 

269 

427 

2,326 
383 
400 

3,208 

2,787 

1,274 

335 

833 

1,664 



Per 
pound 



$2.25 



2.40 



2.45 



2.60 
2.27 
2.51 
3.60 

2.16 
3.09 
2.51 
3.36 
7.71 

3.43 



1.59 
3.20 
2.95 
5.09 

1.89 



3.66 
2.58 
5.22 
3.50 
3.06 
3.40 
2.94 
3.78 
4.67 
1.26 
1.23 
1.63 
1.37 
4.49 
1.87 

.99 
1.02 
1.02 
1.45 
1.26 



See footnotes at end of table. 



28 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE llA,— Toners and lakes: U.S. production and sales, i 961 —Continued 



Product 



Production 



S^les 



Quantity- 



Value 



Unit 
value^ 



TONERS— Continued 

Red toners — Continued 

Pigment Red 5A, C.I. U 830, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 57, C.I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

Pigment .Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA— -^ 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 

All other 

Violet toners, total 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA — 

All other 

Blue toners, total 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA 

Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA— 

Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, fugitive, PMA, and PTA- 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA 

Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A 

Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 

All other 

Green toners: 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA 

Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PMA 

Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and 49 005, PTA— 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, fugitive, and PMA 

Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

Pigment Green 8, C.I. 10 006 

Brown toners, total 

Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, fugitive, and PMA 

All other 

All other toners^ 

LAKES 

Total 

Yellow lakes 

Orange lakes 

Red lakes: 

Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 

Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000 

(Acid red 26), C.I. 16 150 

Violet lakes, total 

Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 - 

All other 

Blue lakes: Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090 

Black lakes: (Natural black 3), C.I. 75 291 

All other lakes-' 



1,000 
pounds 



681 

40 

121 

123 

1,126 

1,241 

1,062 



67 
415 
318 

35 
163 



147 

32 

7 

11 

51 

2,609 

1,319 

1,753 

48 

216 



10 

7 

54 

44 

11 

5 

2,316 

255 

73 



4 
69 



149 



3,696 



169 
431 

171 
69 

575 

129 



122 

7 

1,922 

95 

135 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dollars 



63 
660 

36 

124 

103 

585 

1,030 

985 



61 

60 

400 

278 

39 

147' 

5,484 



150 

31 

7 

11 

54 

11 

2,162 

1,192 

1,683 

183 



7 

49 

51 

10 

5 

2,126 

204 



47 



4 
43 



143 



3,117 



169 
419 

143 

64 

578 

116 



111 
5 

1,426 

89 

113 



145 

1,004 

70 

731 

662 

1,065 

6,053 

3,332 



181 
322 
580 
856 
166 
1,227 

16,515 



761 

177 

18 

72 

411 

109 

6,199 

3,658 

4,082 

1,028 



44 

26 

245 

337 

32 

32 

6,416 

286 

156 



12 
144 



583 



3,099 



233 
165 

220 
218 
255 

297 



285 
12 

1,409 

82 

220 



Per 
pound 



•■- Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes all black toners and all other green toners . 

' Includes all green lakes, all other blue lakes, and all other red lakes. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



29 



TABLE 12.— U.S. sales of selected dry full-strength colors, dry extended colors , 
dry dispersions, aqueous dispersions,, and flushed colors, 1961 



Selected pigments by oommeroial forms 



Sales 



Quantity ■"■ 



Value 



Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090, total 

Dry i\4.1-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions^ 

Aqueous dispersions* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100; Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095; and 
Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105; total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions^ 

Aqueous dispersions'' . 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner^ — '■ 

Aqueous dispersions* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Red A8, C.I. 15 865, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions^ - 
Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, barium toner, total 

Dry full-stren^h toner 

Dry extended toner, dry dispersions, and aqueous dispersions^ * — 
Flushed color 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, calcium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry dispersions-' 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color^ 

Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630, sodium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed oolor^ 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585, barium toner, total 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry dispersions-' - 
Flushed color 

Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner^ 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed oolor^ 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner-' 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color' 

Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, permanent (PMA and PTA), total- 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner . 

Dry dispersions and aqueous dispersions-' * 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions' 

Aqueous dispersions* 

Flushed color 

Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form, total— — — 

Dry full-strength toner, dry extended toner, and dry disperslons'- 
Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color' 

Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A, total 

Dry full-strength toner and dry extended toner' 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color' 



1,000 
pounds 

1,674 



"657" 
50 
7 
930 



922 



663 
41 

140 
78 

1,424 



1,009 

46 

369 

1,715 



1,647 
68 

2,806 



1,905 

27 

874 

1,250 



1,078 
172 

327 



243 
84 

1,323 



935 
388 

585 



77 
508 

400 



269 
131 

317 



197 
16 
11 
93 



1,312 
309 
385 
156 

1,192 



755 
437 

1,683 



143 
1,540 



1,000 
dollars 

3,953 



1,377 

179 

15 

2,382 



1,798 
131 
366 
212 

2,376 



1,630 

97 

649 



3,236 
141 

2,781 



1,866 
33 
882 



1,102 
225 

347 



250 
97 



1,173 
545 

1,094 



133 
961 

623 



400 
223 

1,068 



641 

107 

33 

287 



3,690 

1,287 

1,110 

478 



2,425 
1,248 

4,209 



361 
3,848 



See footnotes at end of table. 



30 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Selected pigments ty corameroial forms 



Sales 



Quantity ■"■ 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



Pigment Blue 2A, C.I. « 090, total 

Dry lake 

Aqueous dispersions* and flushed color^- 

Pigment Green 7, C.I. V-i 260, total 

Dry full-strength toner 

Dry extended toner and dry dispersions^- 

Aqueous dispersions* 

Flushed color 



1,000 
pounds 



1,000 
dol lars 



186 
1,2^0 

2,126 



1,769 



1,294 
506 
282 



176 
1,593 

7,156 
3,893 
2,179 

UO 



Per 
pound 



$1.2A 



.95 
1.28 



3.37 



3.01 
4.31 
3.35 
3.18 



■"■ Quantity of the various commercial forms is given in terms of dry full-strength toner (or diy lake) content. 
^ Calculated from rounded figures . 

5 Se'parate data on these commercial forms may not be published without revealing the operations of individual 
companies . 

* Includes presscake. 

Note. — The C.I. (Colour Index) numbers shown in this report are the identifying numbers given in the second edition 
of the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstio (including phosphotungstomolybdic) 
acids, respectively. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 31 

Medicinal Chemicals 

In this report, medicinal chemicals are divided into three major groups: (1) benzenoid com- 
pounds, derived principally from coal tar; (2) alicyclic and heterocyclic compounds, usually de- 
rived from vegetable products and animal tissues, but sometimes also from coal tar; and (3) 
acyclic compounds, usually derived from petroleum and from natural gas, or from grain by 
fermentation. For the purpose of this report, antibiotics prepared by synthetic or by biological 
processes are considered to be medicinal chemicals. 

Statistics on the production of medicinal chemicals are in terms of 100-percent content of the 
medicinal chemical itself, exclusive of all diluents or other materials used in mixing or com- 
pounding tablets, solutions, and suspensions, for consumer use. Except for the antibiotics, the 
statistics on sales include only that part of the original (primary) production that was sold in un- 
diluted or uncompounded form. Sales of antibiotics include all forms- -diluted or undiluted- -in 
bulk or in packages. 

In 1961 total production of all the medicinal chemicals covered in this report amounted to 
117.5 million pounds (see table 13A^), or 3.3 percent more than the output of 113.8 million 
pounds reported for I960. Total sales of medicinal chemicals in 1961 amounted to 92. 5 million 
pounds, valued at $576. 8 million, compared with sales in I960 of 87. 9 million pounds, valued at 
$556. 9 million. 

Production of all cyclic medicinal chemicals in 1961 amounted to 81. million pounds. Of 
this quantity, 53.0 million pounds consisted of benzenoid medicinal chemicals, and 27.9 million 
pounds of alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinal chemicals. Production of acyclic medicinal chem- 
icals was 36. 6 million pounds in 1961, compared with 37. 3 million pounds in I960. In terms of 
quantity, acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) was the most important medicinal chemical produced in 
I96I. The output in that year was 22. 7 million pounds, compared with 23. 6 million pounds in 
i960. Production of salicylic acid in 1961 announted to 9. 7 million pounds, compared with 9. 3 
million pounds in I960. Sales of salicylic acid in 1961 amounted to 8.3 million pounds, valued at 
$3.3 million, compared with 7.9 million pounds, valued at $3. 1 million, in I960. 

In terms of value, the antibiotics- -as a group--were the most important medicinal chemicals 
produced in 1961. Total production in 1961 of antibiotics for human or veterinary use was 3. 3 
million pounds, or 11.5 percent more than the 3.0 million pounds reported for I960. Sales of 
antibiotics for human or veterinary use in 1961--2. 7 million pounds, valued at $313. 3 million-- 
were 17.4 percent larger than those in I960, in terms of quantity, and 3.2 percent smaller, in 
terms of value. Production of penicillin salts for human or veterinary use in 1961 amounted to 
649 trillion international units, compared with 498 trillion international units in I960. Sales of 
such salts in 1961 totaled 520 trillion international units, valued at $58.3 nnillion, compared 
with 387 trillion international units, valued at $53.4 million, in I960. Production of dihydrostrep- 
tomycin amounted to 388, 000 pounds in 1961, compared with 392, 000 pounds in I960; sales in 
I96I were 418,000 pounds, valued at $7.9 million, compared with 363,000 pounds, valued at 
$8.2 million, in I960. The output of streptomycin in I96I amounted to 635,000 pounds, compared 
with 605, 000 pounds reported for I960. Production of neomycin base amounted to 40, 000 pounds 
in I96I; sales were 41,000 pounds, valued at $4.4 million. Production of tetracycline was 
391, 000 pounds in 1961, compared with 287, 000 pounds in I960; sales were 276, 000 pounds, 
valued at $68.7 million. Production in 1961 of antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food 
preservation, and crop spraying, totaled 1.8 million pounds, compared with the 1.2 million pounds 
reported for I960. Sales of these products in 1961 amounted to 1.7 million pounds, valued at 
$45. 4 million. 

Among the other important groups of medicinal chemicals produced in I96I were the vita- 
mins. In 1961 the combined production of vitamins--as a group--was 12. 6 million pounds, com- 
pared with 11.1 million pounds in 1960. Sales of all vitamins in 1961 totaled 10 million pounds, 
valued at $76. million, compared with 8. million pounds, valued at $68. 7 million, in I960, In 
terms of quantity, the 1961 output of some of the more important vitamins was as follows: As- 
corbic acid and derivatives, 6. 5 million pounds; niacin, 2. 3 million pounds; pantothenic acid and 
derivatives, 1. 1 million pounds; niacinamide, 724,000 pounds; riboflavin, 596,000 pounds; and 
vitamin A (alcohol and esters), 422, 000 pounds (407 trillion U. S. P. units). In terms of value of 
sales, vitamin A (alcohol and esters) was the most important product in the vitamin group. Sales 
of this nnedicinal chemical in 1961 totaled 392, 000 pounds, valued at $27. 6 million. Sales of as- 
corbic acid were 3.7 million pounds, valued at $10. 1 million; those of vitamin B^^, were 1,310 
pounds, valued at $9.7 million. 

Production of sulfa drugs in 1961 amounted to 4. 2 nnillion pounds, compared with 5. 1 million 
pounds in I960, and 5. 8 nnillion pounds in 1959. Production of all tranquilizers was 1.4 million 
pounds in 1961--239, 000 pounds more than the output in I960. By far the nnost important tran- 
quilizer was 2-methyl-2-n-propyl- 1, 3-propanediol dicarbamate, production of which totaled 1. 2 
million pounds; sales amounted to 1.0 million pounds, valued at $3. 1 million. 



See also table 13B, pt. ID, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of coal-tar medicinal chemicals and pharmaceuticals during the years 1959-61. 



32 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13A. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 



[ Listed below are all synthetic organic medicinal chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may 
be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or 
where no data were reported.) Table 13B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all medicinal chemicals for which data on 
production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Chemical 



Production""" 



Sales ^ 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value-' 



Grand total 

MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC 

Total - 

Benzenoid 

Total - 

Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) 

Acetylsalicylic acid, aluminum basic salt 

Amino acids 

Antihistamines 

Bismuth subgallate 

Dyes, medicinal 

a, a'-Diethyl-^,^'-stilbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

A'-Hydroxyacetanilide 

3-(o-Jfethoxyphenoxy-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl guaiacyl 

ether) 

Salicylic acid 

Salicylic acid salts 

Sulfa drugs, total ■ — 

N-Sulfanilylacetamlde (Sulfacetamide) 

All other 

Sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agents, total 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

d-N,a-Dimethylphenethylamlne hydrochloride 

a-(Isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol 

Methy-aminoethanoloatechol, racemic 

a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base 

Norephedrine (Phenylpropanolamine) hydrochloride 

Phenylephrine hydrochloride 

All other 

3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a -glyceryl ether) 

Vitamin K (Menadione) 

All other benzenoid medicinal chemicals 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 

Total 

Alkaloids and related products 

Antibiotics for human or veterinary use, total 

Bacitracin 

Dihydrostreptomycin 

Neomycin, base 

Penicillin salts, total* 

dl-a-Phenoxyethylpenlcillin 

Potassium penicillin G 

Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin G 

All other 

Streptomycin 

Tetracycline 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
117,549 



80,973 



53,031 



22,668 

1 
75 
25 
34 

257 

14 

9,723 

601 

4,181 



19 
4,162 

231 



(') 



36 
67 
35 
90 

27 

15 

15,179 



27,942 



23 



3,311 



388 

40 

1,102 

24 

285 

614 

37 

142 

635 

391 

747 



1,000 
pounds 
92,490 



61,322 



42,208 



20,113 
22 

1 

20 
26 

7 



8,292 
682 



163 



(=) 



58 
37 
61 



4 
12,878 



19,114 



20 
2,734 



5 

418 

41 

907 

216 
551 
34 
106 
438 
276 
649 



1,000 
dollars 
576,761 



540,592 



49,646 



10,969 
49 
15 

75 

1,080 

237 



3,266 
541 



3,500 



88 
11 
45 

499 

2,000 

849 



35 
29,879 



490,946 



2,520 
313,297 



1,422 

7,947 

4,427 

58,255 

12,482 

12,159 

900 

32,714 

7,856 

68,677 

164,713 



Per 
pounc^ 

$6.24 



8.82 



1.18 



.55 

2.23 

15.00 

3.75 
41.54 
33.86 



.39 
.79 



21.47 



8.00 
14.67 



8.60 
54.00 
13.92 



8.75 
2.32 



25.69 



126.00 



114.59 



284.40 

19.01 

107.98 

.51 



(') 



17.94 
248.83 
253.80 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 
TABLE 13A. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



33 



Chemical 



Sales'^ 



Production ■"■ 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



MEHICIMAL CHEMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic- -Continued 

Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preservation, 

and crop spraying, total 

Procaine penicillin G 

All other 

Antihistamines, total 

2- [p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylnTninoethyl)benzyl] pyridine 

maleate 

2- [3- (Diinethylamlno)-l-phenylpropyl] -pyridine maleate 

All other 

Barbituric acid derivatives, total 

5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barblturic acid (Secobarbital) 

and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-lsopentylbarbiturlc acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturie acid 

(Pentobarbital) 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barblturlc acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarblturic acid (Phenobarbltal) (Luminal) 

5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturlc acid, sodium salt ■ 

All other > 

Bile acids and salts, total 

Ketocholanic acids 

All other 

Caffeine, natural and synthetic 

Camphoric acid 

5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol ( lodochlorohydroxyquinoline ) — 

Dihydrocodelnone bitartrate 

5,7-Dliodo-8-quinolinol 

Hormones : 

Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Prednisone 

Hydantoln derivatives , — 

Imidazoline derivatives 

Plperazine 

Piperazine derivatives, total 

Plperazine adlpate 

Plperazine citrate 

Piperazine hydrochloride ' 

Piperazine phosphate 

All other 

Theophylline base and derivatives, total 

Theophylline ethylenedlamlne (Aminophylllne) 

All other 

Tranquilizers 

Vitamins, total 

A (alcohol and esters), from all sources 

B2 (Riboflavin) (lOOjt) 

Bi2 All grades 

D2 (Irradiated ergosterol) 

D3 (Irradiated sterol) 

Niacin (Nicotinic acid) including animal feed grade 

Niacinamide 

All other 

All other alicyclic and heterocyclic medicinal chemicals — 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

1.819 



1,572 
172 



14 

8 

150 

700 



227 

11 

462 

311 



2A 
287 

2,130 
11 
20 

36 

13 

4 

170 

1 

1,549 

2,564 



81 

157 

581 

218 

1,527 

87 



""J2" 
45 

244 



4.994 
9 — 



422 

596 

10 1 

'■'■ 1 
12 3 

2,307 
724 
940 

9,783 



1,000 
pounds 
1,667 



1,000 
dol lars 

45,416 



239 
1,428 

102 



7 

8 

87 

407 



25 
10 

6 

25 

228 

9 
104 

149 



149 

1,983 

8 

1 

16 

8 

1 

53 

1 

1,042 

2,505 



87 

171 

534 

194 

1,519 



4,249 



-9-392 

493 

10 1 

^^ 1 
" 1 

1,979 
649 
733 

4,161 



1,946 
43,470 

3,256 



579 

373 

2,304 

1,903 



168 
53 

34 
148 
629 

37 
834 

1,495 



1,495 

4,444 

34 

237 

55 

3,024 
601 

361 

51 

1,461 

2,755 



193 
690 
291 

1,583 



330 



58.848 



27,600 

5,441 

9,739 

227 

388 

2,766 

1,655 

11,032 

50,858 



Per 
pound 
$27.24 



8.14 
30.44 

31.92 



82.71 
46.63 
26.48 

4.68 



6.72 
5.30 

5.67 
5.92 
2.76 
4.11 
8.02 

10.03 



10.03 

2.24 

4.25 

237.00 

3.44 

378.00 

601.00 

6.81 

51.00 

1.40 

1.10 



1.01 
1.13 
1.29 
1.04 
1.04 



47. U 



13.85 



70.41 

11.04 

9,739.00 

227.00 

388.00 

1.40 

2.55 

15.05 

12.22 



34 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 13A. — Medicinal chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production ■"■ 



Sales'^ 



Quantity- 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Amino acids, total 

1(+) -Lysine hydrochloride 

All other 

Choline bi tartrate 

Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed, and for 

use as an intennediate 

Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Gluconic acid salts: Calcium gluconate 

Pantolactone, racemic 

Succinylcholine dichlorlde 

Tranquilizers : 2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol 
dlcarbamate 

Vitamins, total 

Ascorbic acid and derivatives, total 

Ascorbic acid 

All other 

Pantothenic acid and derivatives, total 

Pantothenic acid, dl-caloiimi salt 

All other 

All other acyclic medicinal chemicals 



1,000 
pounds 
36,576 



1,000 
pounds 
31,168 



1,000 
do I lars 
36,169 



Per 
pound 



16 



5,945 



5,105 



5,945 

172 

18,687 

65 

767 

142 

4 

1,159 
7,566 



296 
4,809 

161 

16.959 

64 

586 



1,011 
5,718 



7,305 



1.43 



6,497 
5,174 
1,323 
1,069 
856 
213 

2,069 



4,790 
3,682 
1,108 

928 

781 

147 

1,564 I 



1,282 
6,023 

146 

3,771 

60 

345 



3,089 
17,110 



;.33 
L.25 

.91 

.22 
.94 
.59 



3.06 
2.99 



13,334 
10,134 
3,200 
3,776 
2,295 
1,481 

4,343 



2.78 
2.75 
2.89 
4.07 
2.94 
10.07 

2.78 



""• Tlie data on production are those for medicinal chemicals in bulk; they do not include finished preparations, 
such as tablets, capsules, and ampoules, which are manufactured from bulk medicinal chemicals. 

^ Except for antibiotics, sales include only that part of the original production which is sold in undiluted or 
uncompounded form, including that sold in bulk and that sold in packages (tablets, ampoules, etc.). Sales of antibi- 
otics include all forms (both undiluted or uncompounded and diluted or compounded) , including that sold in bulk and 
that sold in packages. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

* Sales of a -(isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol amounted to 278 pounds. 

' Production and sales of methj'lamlnoethanolcatechol, racemic, totaled 340 pounds and 338 pounds, respectively. 

* Reported production and sales in 1961 of penicillin salts in terms of international (U.S. P.) units are shown in 
the following tabulation (the conversions to international (U.S. P.) units for all penicillin salts, except procaine 
penicillin G, are based on the penicillin G standard established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, i.e., 
1,667 units per milligram; procaine penicillin G conversion is based on 1,000 international (U.S. P.) units per 
milligram) : 



Chemical 


Production 


Sales 


Quantity 


Value 


Unit value 




Bil lion inter- 
national units 
648,578 


Billion inter- 
national units 
519,923 


1,000 
dollars 
58,255 


Per billion 
international units 
$112.05 




dl-a-Phenoxyethyl penicillin — 
Potassium penicillin G 


17,9gl 
215,186 
278,369 

28,265 
108,777 


163,342 

250,095 

25,594 

80,892 


12,482 

12,159 

900 

32,714 


76.42 
48.62 




35.16 


All ri+ViPT- _ _ 


404.42 







' Commercial sales are based on international (U.S. P.) units. 

' The reported production of procaine penicillin G, used principally for animal feed supplements, amounted to ap- 
proximately 112 trillion units, in 1961. 

' Quantities reported in units have been converted to pounds by iising as a conversion factor the average number of 
international U.S. P. units per pound for the medicinal grade, as determined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administra- 
tion. Production of vitamin A alcohol and esters from all sources totaled 407,000 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 
377,000 billion U.S. P. units. 
^° Production of vitamin B12, all grades, totaled 1,310 pounds; sales totaled 1,167 pounds. 

'■^ Production of vitamin Dj totaled 12,480 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 10,832 billion U.S. P. units. Calcu- 
lated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 688 pounds, and sales totaled 597 pounds. 

^^ Production of vitamin D3 totaled 53,465 billion U.S. P. units; sales totaled 21,634 billion U.S. P. units. Calcu- 
lated at the rate of 18.14 billion units per pound, production totaled 2,947 pounds, and sales totaled 1,193 pounds. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



35 



Flavor and Perfume Materials 

Flavor and perfume materials are chemicals--with desirable flavors or odors--that are 
used in the manufacture of foods, beverages, cosmetics, and soaps, and to disguise unpleasant 
odors in industrial products. This report includes data on materials derived from natural prod- 
ucts by actual chemical processes and from coal tar; it does not include data on purely natural 
products, such as floral essences, essential oils, and other materials that are obtained by 
simple extraction or by distillation from natural vegetable and animal sources. 

The flavor and perfume materials covered in this report are grouped as either cyclic or 
acyclic materials, according to their chemical structure. Cyclic materials are further classi- 
fied as (1) benzenoid and naphthalenoid, and (2) terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic. Statistics 
on production and sales of flavor and perfume materials in 1961 are given in table 14A. 6 

Production of flavor and perfume materials in 1961 amounted to 64 million pounds--15 per- 
cent more than the output of 55 million pounds in 1960. Sales in 1961 amounted to 55 million 
pounds, valued at $68 million, compared with 47 million pounds, valued at $60 million, in 1960. 

Production of cyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1961 amounted to 37 million pounds-- 
11 percent more than the 33 million pounds reported for I960. Sales of cyclic flavor and per- 
fume materials in 1961 were 29 million pounds, valued at $40 million, compared with 26 million 
pounds, valued at $37 million, in I960. The individual chemical in the cyclic group that was 
produced in the greatest volume in 1961 was methyl salicylate (4 million pounds). 

The output of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1961 amounted to 27 million pounds-- 
20 percent more than the 22 million pounds reported for I960. By far the most important of the 
acyclic materials was monosodium glutamate, production of which totaled 26 million pounds. 
Sales of acyclic flavor and perfume materials in 1961 amounted to 26 million pounds, valued at 
$28 million, compared with 21 million pounds, valued at $23 million, in I960. 



TABLE 14A. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all synthetic organic flavor and perfume materials for which any reported data on production or 
sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished or where no data were reported.) Table 14B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all flavor and perfume materials 
for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Material 



Grand total 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC 

Total- — 

Benzenoid and Naphthalenoid 
Total - — 

Anethole (p-Propenylanisole) 

p-Anlsaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde) 

Benzophenone^ 

Benzyl acetate 

Benzyl alcohol^ ■' 

Benzyl clnnamate 

Benzyl propionate 

Cinnamaldehyde 

Cinnamyl acetate 

Cinnamyl alcohol 

Eugenol 

Isobutyl phenylacetate 

Isoeugenol 

Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropyl-oc-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen aldehyde 

i'-Methoxyacetophenone 

a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

a-Vethylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

a-Pentylcinnamaldehyde (a -Amylcinnamaldehyde) 

Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl Isobutyrate 

Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyla -toluate) 

"i-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

All other benzenoid and naphthalenoid materials 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1.000 
pounds 
63,561 



36,746 



17,544 



1,082 
494 

1,175 

1,476 

5 

15 

871 

8 

206 

263 

30 

97 

398 

162 



14 

4,057 

406 

48 

5 

7 
6,725 



Sales 



Quantity 



1,000 
pounds 
54,690 



28,581 



15,816 



1,109 

418 

271 

1,050 

1,429 

3 

12 

689 

6 

U7 

233 

32 

81 

391 

8 

23 

9 

4,000 

367 

50 

3 

3 

7 

5,475 



Value 



1.000 
dol lars 
67,832 



40,148 



18,183 



629 
649 
262 
482 
632 
9 

14 
494 

16 
205 
460 

31 
242 
266 

20 

25 

16 

2,213 

538 

56 

7 

10 

29 

10,878 



Unit 
value ^ 



Per 
pound 



$1.24 



1.40 



1.15 



.57 
1.55 

.96 

.46 

.44 
3.44 
1.20 

.72 
2.41 
1.39 
1.97 

.98 
3.00 

.68 

2.33 
1.09 
1.77 
.55 
1.47 
1.13 
2.27 
3.61 
3.87 
1.99 



See also tabic 14B, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers, and table 24 in appendix A, 
which shows imports of coal-tar flavor and perfume materials during the years 1959-61. 



36 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 14A. — Flavor and perfume materials: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIAI3, CYCLIC—Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 
Total 

Cedrol 

Cedryl acetate 

Citral (Geranial) 

Citronellol 

Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl formate 

Coumarin 

Essential oils, chemically modified, total 

Ethyl oxyhydrate 

All other 

Geraniol 

Geranyl acetate 

Hydrocoumarin (3,4-Dihydrocoumarin) 

Hydroxyoitronellal 

Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl aoetal 

lonones 

Isobomyl acetate 

Linalool 

Linalyl acetate 

Menthol, synthetic, tech. and U.S. P.-' 

Methylionones 

Nerol 

Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

Rhodinol 

Terpineols 

Terpinyl acetate 

Vetivenyl acetate : 

All other terpenoid, heterocyclic, and alicyclic materials 

FLAVOR AMD PERFUME MATERIAI3, ACYCLIC 
Total - 

Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate) 

3,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol 

Ethyl butyrate 

Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodium glutamate) 

i-Hydroxyundecanoic acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undecalactone) 

Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Octanal ( Caprylaldehyde ) 

n-Octyl isobutyrate 

All other acyclic materials 

•'■ Calculated from the unrounded figures. 
^ Includes some technical grade. 
^ Includes some medicinal grade. 



1,000 
pounds 
19,202 



103- 
87 
89 

«3 
11 
17 

732 

226 



33 
193 

578 

29 

17 

265 

5 

265 

1,231 

243 

269 

AAA 

326 

234 

16 

3,438 

624 

19 

9,441 



26,815 



20 

6 

246 

25,839 

42 



662 



1,000 
pounds 
12,765 



1,000 
del lars 
21,965 



74 
86 

349 
10' 
17 

754 

217 



33 
184 

517 

28 

16 

274 

4 

176 

937 

224 

212 

370 

317 

13 

207 

13 

3,001 

586 

12 

4,351 



26,109 



18 

3 

203 

25,236 

5 

45 

1 

6 

592 



169 

416 

655 

20 

44 

2,015 

224 



31 
193 

670 

48 

66 

1,182 

22 

807 

381 

587 

648 

1,971 

1,726 

90 

483 

477 

792 

295 

304 

7,873 



27,684 



63 

8 

143 

26,154 

27 

37 

6 

8 

1,238 



Per 
pound 



$1.72 



2 


29 


4.83 


1.88 


1 


89 


2 


66 


2 


67 


1 


03 




93 


1 


05 


1 


29 


1 


70 


4 


18 


4 


31 


5 


.41 


4 


.58 




.41 


2 


.62 


3 


.05 


5 


.33 


5 


.44 


6 


.96 


2 


.33 


36 


.27 




.26 




.50 


25 


.27 


1 


.81 



1.06 



3.40 
2.66 

.70 
1.04 
5.25 

.81 
5.08 
1.27 
2.09 



Plastics and Resin Materials 



Plastics and resin materials are condensation or polymerization products of organic chemi- 
cals containing necessary fillers, plasticizers , and extenders. At some stage in their manu- 
facture they exist in such physical condition that they can be shaped or processed by the 
application of heat and pressure. Some types of plastics may be molded, cast, or extruded 
into finished or semifinished forms. Other types are used as adhesives, for the treatment of 
textiles and paper, and for protective coatings. Still other types of plastics materials may be 
processed into sheets, rods, and tubes, which are further manufactured into finished articles. 
Except for vinyl resins, the statistics given in the following tables are based on the total weight 
of the materials, excluding liquids. Statistics for vinyl resins are given on the basis of resin 
content. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



37 



Statistics on production and sales of plastics and resins in 1961 are given in table ISA' ac- 
cording to chennical composition, and in table 16 according to broad end uses. In 1961 total U.S. 
production of synthetic plastics and resin materials (except cellulosics) amounted to 6, 710 
nrjillion pounds, or 9 percent more than the 6, 143 million pounds reported for I960. Sales 
announted to 5, 989 rnillion pounds, valued at $1 , 71 1 million, in 1961, compared with 5, 347 
million pounds, valued at $1,653 million, in I960. 

Total production of benzenoid plastics and resins was 2,829 million pounds in 1961 --slightly 
larger than the output of 2, 716 million pounds reported for 1960. Sales in 1961 amounted to 
2, 349 million pounds, valued at $634 nnillion. Of the benzenoid group, styrene resins were pro- 
duced in the largest volume in 1961, as in previous years. The output of styrene resins in 1961 
was 1, 145 million pounds; sales totaled 1,079 million pounds, valued at $282 million. Second in 



TABLE ISA. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by chemical composition, 1961 

[ftiantitles and values are given in terms of the total weight of the materials (dry basis). Listed below are all 
plastics and resin materials for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. Table 15B in pt. 
Ill lists all plastics and resin materials for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the 
manufacturer of each ] 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value^ 



Grand total 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATEBLALS, BENZENOID 

Total — - 

Coumarone-indene and petroleiim polymer resins 

Epoxy resins : 

Unmodified (condensation products of phenol and deriva^ 

tives with epoxy compounds) 

Modified (with hardening agents and esterified with 
fatty acids) 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Unmodified, total 

Cresols-formaldehyde 

Cresylic acid-fonnaldehyde 

Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde 

Resorcinol- formaldehyde 

All other 

Jfodified, total 

Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin) 

Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and 

other tar-acid resins (hard resins) 

All other 

Phthalic alkyd resins, total 

Unmodified 

Jfodified- 

Polyester resins-' 

Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

Styrene resins, total 

Polystyrene 

Styrene-aliyd polyesters (for protective coatings) 

Styrene-butadiene copolymer (containing 50 5S or more 

styrene), total 

Latexes 

Other 

Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer — •' 

All other styrene resins 

All other benzenoid plastics and resin materials* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 pounds, 
dry basis ^ 
6,709,750 



1,000 pounds, 
dry basis * 
5,989, S'Ve 



2,828,609 



281,032 



60,411 

9,691 

665,092 



540,971 
14,883 
11,079 

465,801 

9,894 

39,314 

124,121 

65,008 

37,758 
21,355 

447,554 



320,332 
127,222 

193,221 
11,646 

1,145,421 



743,587 
25,305 

173,316 

140,321 

32,995 

ia,476 

182,737 

14,541 



1.000 
do I lars 
1,710,879 



2,348,926 



265,213 



55,479 

1,723 

544,178 



472,917 

13,322 

4,166 

421,805 

8,522 

25,102 

71,261 

21,019 

32,832 
17,410 

200^335 



142,613 
57,722 

180,185 
9,050 

1,079,090 



721,044 
18,263 

153,290 

132,688 

20,602 

20,503 

165,990 

13,673 



633,594 



26,473 

34,279 
1,112 



129,611 
4,094 
1,606 

112,778 

3,494 

7,639 

19,764 

5,109 

8,903 
5,752 

65,001 



45,616 
19,385 

62,174 
6,242 

281,756 



156,569 
6,669 

42,613 
35,495 
7,118 
12,203 
63,702 

7,182 



Per 
pound 



$0.29 



.27 
.10 



.62 

.65 

.27 
.27 
.31 
.39 
.27 
.41 
.30 
.28 



.24 

.27 

.33 

.32 
.32 
.34 

.34 
.69 

.26 
.22 
.37 

.28 
.27 
.35 
.60 
.38 

.53 



' See alio table 15B, pt. m, which llstj these products according to chemical coinposltion, and identifies the manufacturers. 



38 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 15A. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by chemical composition, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value''' 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 
Total 



1,000 

pounds 

3,881,U1 



1,000 
pounds 
3,640,«0 



1,000 
dot lars 
1,077,285 



Per 
pound 



$0.30 



Acetone- formaldehyde resins- 



AUsyd resins, except phthalio, total 

Unmodified 

Modified, total 

Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleic and 

fumario acids only (hard resins) 

All other 



511 



93,995 



Dicyandiamide resins- 
Polyamide resins 



Polyethylene resins, total- 

High-pressure process 

Low-pressure process 

Polypropylene resins 



38,506 
55,489 

43,655 
11,834 

1,789 
53,067 

1,606,345 



462 



67,844 



154 



23,794 



.33 



.35 



Rosin modifications, total 

Rosin adduct resins 

Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified (ester gums), total - 

Esterified with glycerol 

Esterified with other alcohols (methanol, glycols, 

pentaerythritol, etc. ) 

All other 



Silicone resins- 



Urea and melamine resins, total- 

Iifelamine-formaldehyde type 

Urea- formaldehyde type 



Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins (resin content), total — 

Polyvinyl acetate 

Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50? 

or more polyvinyl chloride), total 

Polyvinyl chloride 

Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

All other 

All other vinyl resins' 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials* 



1,319,629 
286,716 

96,760 



29,665 
38,179 

29,959 
8,220 

1,866 
34,917 

1,581,970 



2,327 
58,787 
26,954 

31,833 
17,579 

7,791 
439,991 



134,485 
305,506 

1,260,070 



163,975 
31,783 

977,254 

677,500 

283,403 

16,351 

87,058 

242,129 



1,318,581 
263,389 

57,386 
72,804 



12,742 
11,052 

8,154 
2,898 

623 
33,291 

387,797 



.43 
.29 

.27 
.35 

.33 
.95 

.25 



1,624 
54,876 
25,062 

29,814 
16,304 

6,629 
383,593 



118,603 
264,990 

1,2U,799 



142,052 
26,566 

965,810 

668,201 

286,860 

10,749 

77,371 

221,150 



303,916 
83,881 

21,782 
15,534 



370 
11,588 
5,513 

6,075 
3,576 

16,888 
107,372 



50,755 
56,617 



45,419 
16,673 

186,741 
119,567 

64,700 
2,474 

57,863 

163,354 



.23 
• 32 

.38 

.21 



.23 
.21 
.22 

.20 

.22 

2.55 
.28 



.43 
.21 



.25 



.32 
.63 

.19 
.18 
.23 
.23 
.63 

.74 



■'' Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ For the purposes of this report, "dry basis" is defined as the total weight of the material, including resin, 
plastioizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding water, solvents, and other liquid diluents. 

^ For the purposes of this report, polyester resins include unsaturated alkyds copolymerized with monomers such as 
styrene, and polyallyl resins such as diallyl phthalate and allyl diglycol carbonate. Styrene-aliyd polyesters for 
protective coatings are included under "Styrene resins." 

* Includes data for aniline-formaldehyde, toluenesulf onamide , and other benzenoid plastics and resin materials not 
specifically classified. 

' Includes data for polyvinyl alcohol, butyral, and formal, and for copolymers containing less than 50% polyvinyl 
chloride. 

* Includes data for acrylic and other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials. 

volume of output in the benzenoid group in 1961 were the phenolic and other tar-acid resins. 
Production of these resins in 1961 ■was 665 million pounds; sales amounted to 544 million pounds, 
valued at $149 million. The phthalic alkyd resins, used principally in the manufacture of protec- 
tive coatings, were third in volume of production in the benzenoid group; production in 1961 
amounted to 447 million pounds. The output of epoxy resins m 1961 was 70 million pounds; that 
of polyester resins was 193 million pounds. 

Production of nonbenzenoid plastics and resins in 1961 amounted to 3,881 million pounds, 
compared with the 3,427 million pounds reported for I960. Sales of these resins in 1961 
amounted to 3, 640 million pounds, valued at $1,077 million, compared with 3, 119 million pounds 
valued at $1,025 million, in 1960. Of the nonbenzenoid group, polyethylene resins were produced 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



39 



in the largest volume in 1961. The output of polyethylene resins amounted to 1, 606 million pounds 
in 1961, compared with 1,337 million pounds in 1960. Sales of polyethylene resins in 196l totaled 
1, 582 million pounds, valued at $388 million, compared with 1, 195 million pounds, valued at 
$343 million, in I960. In this report, statistics are given for production and sales of polyethylene 
resins produced by both the high-pressure and the low-pressure processes. The output of vinyl 
resins in 196l, which ranked next to that of polyethylene resins, amounted to 1, 260 million 
pounds, compared with 1 , 203 million pounds in 1960. Sales of vinyl resins in 1961 totaled 1,212 
million pounds, valued at $307 million, compared with 1, 130 million pounds, valued at $329 
million in I960. 



TABLE 16. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by classes and uses, 1961 

[In thousands of pounds, dry basis-'-] 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Cellulose plastics, total 

Cellulose acetate and mixed esters: 

Sheets, continuous, under 0.003 gage 

Sheets, continuous, 0.003 gage and over ■ 

All other sheets, rods, and tubes (including other cellulose plastics) 

Molding and extrusion materials (including other celliilcse plastics) 

Nitrocellulose sheets, rods, and tubes 

Phenolic and other tar-acid resins, total 

Maiding materials 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Coated and bonded abrasives 

Friction materials 

Thermal insulation 

Plywood 

Fibrous and granulated wood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coatings : 

Unmodified 

Modified, except by rosin 

Rosin esters modified by phenolic and other tar-acid resins (hard resins) 

Resins for all other uses 

Urea and melamine resins, total 

Textile-treating and textile-coating resins 

Paper- treating and paper-coating resins 

Bonding and adhesive resins for — 

Laminating 

Plywood 

All other bonding and adhesive uses 

Protective coating resins, straight and modified 

Resins for all other uses, including molding 

Styrene resins, total 

Molding materials : 

Straight polystyrene 

All other 

Protective coating resins, straight and modified^ 

Textile and paper treating and coating resins 

Resins for all other uses 

Vinyl and vinyl copolymer (resin content), total 

Polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins (containing 50% or more polyvinyl chloride) 
for-- 
Film (under 0.010 gage) 

Sheeting (0.010 gage and over) 

Molding and extrusion 

Textile and paper treating and coating 

Flooring 

Protective coatings 

All other uses 

All other vinyl resins for — 

Adhesives 

Protective coatings 

All other uses 

See footnotes at end of table. 



147,750 



144,292 



19,813 


19,692 


29,806 


28,388 


7,688 


8,327 


89,426 


86,824 


1,017 


1,061 


665,092 


544,178 


213,653 


195,842 


78,843 


47,390 


16,638 


14,571 


20,451 


18,140 


87,001 


44,886 


64,099 


53,585 


13,929 


13,466 


68,153 


66,206 


19,936 


16,069 


7,134 


3,511 


26,378 


23,885 


48,877 


46,627 


439,991 


383,593 


52,633 


47,236 


42,608 


29,916 


38,496 


30,003 


99,282 


93,001 


56,094 


44,137 


40,907 


26,425 


109,971 


112,875 


1,145,421 


1,079,090 


375,581 


312,810 


442,818 


393,949 


79,644 


65,236 


70,642 


58,210 


176,736 


248,885 


1,260,070 


1,211,799 



89,945 
147,480 
309,797 

72,296 
184,916 

36,415 
124,961 

74,391 

40,169 

131,429 



40 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 16. — Plastics and resin materials: U.S. production and sales, by classes and uses, 1961 — Continued 

[In thousands of pounds, dry basis'''] 



Material 



Production 



Sales 



Alkyd resins, total 

For protective coatings: 
Phthalio anhydride types : 

Unmodified 

Jfodified 

Polybasic acid types : 

Unmodified 

Itodified (except by rosin) ■? 

Rosin esters modified with aaleic and fumaric acids only (hard resins) - 
For all other uses 



Hosin esters: 

Unmodified (ester gvuus) for protective coatings 

All other modifications for protective coatings and other uses- 

Coumarone-indene and petroleum polymer resins 



Polyester resins, total 

For protective coatings- 
For reinforced plastics- 
For all other uses 



Polyethylene resins, total - 

For film and sheeting 

Jtolding materials 

Extrusion materials 

For all other iises 

For export 



Polyprqpylene- 



Epoxy resins, total 

For protective coatings 

For all other uses, including reinforced plasties- 



Silicone resins 

Miscellaneous plastics and resin materials^- 



5'H,'W9 



319,789 
125,864 

12,334 
12,743 
42,591 
28,128 

22,335 

56,358 

281,032 

193,221 



3,817 
153,657 
35,747 

1,606,345 



96,760 
70,102 



20,321 
49,781 

7,791 
323,683 



268,179 



140,791 
56,792 

4,611 

8,109 

29,960 

27,916 

20,383 

52,421 

265,213 

180,185 



3,627 
145,744 
30,814 

1,581,970 



544,559 
252,313 
181,457 
290,618 
313,023 

57,386 

57,202 



26,170 
31,032 

6,629 

281,118 



■'' For the purposes of this report, "dry basis" is defined as the total weight of the material, including that of 
resin, plasticizers, fillers, extenders, colors, and stabilizers, and excluding that of water, solvents, and other 
liquid diluents. 

* Includes data for styrene-alkyd polyester resins. 

^ Includes data for acrylic, toluenesulfonamide, and other plastics and resin materials. 

Note. — The figures in the above table are based on the Tariff Commission's monthly reports on the production and 
sales of synthetic plastics and resin materials. While the group totals are in substantial agreement with those 
given in table 15A, the data are partially estljsated, and may not be correlated exactly with those given in that 
table. The data given in 'Che above table are more nearly conjilete than those given in -the Tariff Commission's re- 
lease for January 1962, which gave a summation of the data reported by months for 1961. Changes in classification 
and an increase in coverage on some products may result in differences between the detail figures given in 'the above 
table and those given in the January 1962 release. 



The output of urea and melamine resins in 1961 was 440 million pounds. Sales of these res- 
ins amounted to 384 million pounds, valued at $107 million. Other important resins in the non- 
benzenoid group are the acrylic, polyamide, polypropylene, silicone, and nonphthalic alkyd 
resins. 

The statistics shown in table 16 for the production and sales of plastics and resins, by uses, 
were compiled principally from the Tariff Commission's monthly surveys on production and 
sales of synthetii plastics and resin materials. The largest single use reported for plastics 
materials in 1961, as in previous years, was for the molding and extrusion of finished and semi- 
finished articles. Other important uses for which statistics are shown are for adhesives, treat- 
ment of textiles and paper, protective coatings, and bonding materials. 

Production of cellulose plastics as a group amounted to 148 million pounds in 1961. Sales in 
1961 were 144 million pounds, compared with 140 million pounds in I960. 

Rubber-Processing Chemicals 

Rubber-processing chemicals are organic compounds that are added to natural and syn- 
thetic rubbers to give them qualities necessary for their conversion into finished rubber goods. 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



41 



In this report, statistics are given for cyclic and acyclic compounds, by use--such as accelera- 
tors, antioxidants, and peptizers. Statistics on production and sales of rubber -processing chem- 
icals in 1961 are given in table 17A.^ 

Production of rubber -processing chemicals as a group in 1961 amounted to 205 million 
pounds, or 2. 7 percent more than the 200 million pounds reported for 1960. The larger total 
output of rubber-processing chemicals in 1961 is attributable principally to increased production 
of amino antioxidants. Sales of rubber-processing chemicals in 1961 amounted to 156 million 
pounds, valued at $104 million, compared with 153 million pounds, valued at $101 million, in 
1960. 

The output of cyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 1961 amounted to 174 million pounds, 
or 1. 9 percent more than the 171 million pounds reported for 1960. Sales in 1961 were 135 
million pounds, valued at $89 million, compared with 130 million pounds, valued at $85 million, 
in 1960. Of the total output of cyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 1961, accelerators ac- 
counted for 38, 1 percent and antioxidants, for 46.8 percent. Production of antioxidants, which 
amounted to 81.3 million pounds in 1961, included 66. 8 million pounds of amino compounds and 
14. 5 million pounds of hydroxy compounds. In 1960 the output of amino antioxidants amounted 
to 60. 5 million pounds and that of hydroxy antioxidants, to 15. 7 million pounds. Sales of amino 
antioxidants in 1961 were 55.9 million pounds, valued at $36.0 million; sales of hydroxy anti- 
oxidants were 10. million pounds, valued at $9. 7 million. 

Production of acyclic rubber-processing chemicals in 1961 amounted to 31.4 million pounds, 
compared with the 29.3 million pounds reported for I960. Sales in 1961 totaled 20.8 million 
pounds, valued at $ 1 5. 2 million, compared with 22. 4 million pounds, valued at $ 16. 5 million, 
in 1960. Accelerators, principally dithiocarbamic acid derivatives and tetramethylthiuram sul- 
fides, accounted for about 55.7 percent of the output of acyclic rubber -processing chemicals in 
1961. Peptizers and modifiers--chiefly dodecyl mercaptans --together with blowing agents and 
lubricating and conditioning agents, accounted for 44. 3 percent of the output in the acyclic group. 

TABLE 17A. — Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 



[listed below are all rubber-processing chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted In confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 17B In pt. Ill lists separately all rubber-processing chemicals for which data on pro- 
duction or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Grand total 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Accelerators, total 

Aldehyde-amines 

Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives- 

Thlazole derivatives, total 

N-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

2,2 '-Dlthiobis(ben2othiazole) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole 

All other^ - • 

All Other accelerators 

Antioxidants (amino and hydroxy compounds), "total'' 

Amino compounds, total 

N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenedlamlne 

All other 

l^roxy compounds, total 

Phenol, alkylated 

All other 

N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Peptizers 

All other cyclic rubber-processing chemicals* 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Production 



1,000 
pounds 

205,09"i 



173,698 



66,213 



1,956 

319 

55,27-4 

7,358 
16,6*; 

6,442 
24,780 

8,664 

81,337 



66,868 

2,058 

64,810 

14,469 

7,363 

7,106 

2,148 

4,015 

19,985 



Sales 



CJiantlty 



1.000 
pounds 

155,668 



134,888 



44,548 



1,564 
209 

34,484 
5,782 
9,822 
4,108 

14,772 
8,291 

65,923 



55,881 

1,854 

54,027 

10,042 

3,393 

6,649 

1,787 

3,869 

18,761 



Value 



1,000 
dollars 
104,349 



89,188 



27,434 



1,396 
343 
19,008 
3,836 
4,923 
1,698 
8,551 
6,687 



36,034 
1,666 

34,368 
9,710 
1,919 
7,791 

1,023 

2,889 

12,098 



Unit Talue^ 



Pe 
pound 



$0.67 



.66 



.62 

"739 

1.64 
.55 
.66 

.50 
.41 
.58 
.81 

.69 



.64 
.90 
.6. 
.97 
.57 
L.17 

.57 
.75 
.64 



^ See also table 178, pt. EI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 

658234 O - 62 - 4 



42 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 17A. — Rubber-processing chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value ■"■ 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHMICALS, ACYCLIC 
Total 

Accelerators, total 

Dlthlooarbamic acid derivatives, total ^ 

Dibutyldithiocarbamio acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithiooarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Wjnethyldithlooarbandc acid, potassium salt-- 

Dlmethyldithiooarbamlc acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamio acid, zinc salt* 

All other 



1,000 
pounds 

31,396 



1,000 
pounds 

20,780 



1,000 
dol lars 

15,161 



Per 
pound 



$0.73 



17,A79 



Thiiirams, total ' 

Bis ( dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulf ide- 
Bis( dime thy Ithlocarbamoyl) sulfide — 

All other 

All other accelerators 



Dodecyl mercaptans 

All other acyclic rubber-processing chemicals* 



8,507 
776 
380 
242 

1,099 
6,010 

8,707 

1,135 

3,226 

265 

11,295 
2,622 



9,455 



.96 



4,544 

201 

423 
1,075 
2,845 

4,781 

3, IAS 

1,011 

622 

130 

9,256 
2,069 



4,392 

187 

199 

816 

3,190 

4,558 

2,906 

1,110 

542 

131 

4,147 
1,933 



.97 

.93 

.47 

.76 

1.12 

.95 
.92 

1.10 
.87 

1.01 

.45 
.93 



^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes small quantities produced and sold for uses other than rubber processing. 

^ Data on production and sales of aldehyde and acetone amine antioxidants are included below in "All other cyclic 
rubber-processing chemicals." 

* Includes aldehyde and acetone amines, blowing agents, inhibitors, modifiers, stabilizers, and tackifiers. 

' Data on dithlocarbamates included in this table are for materials used chiefly in the processing of natural and 
synthetic rubbers. Data on dithlocarbamates which are used chiefly as fungicides are reported in the section "Pesti- 
cides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals . " 

* Includes material iised as a pesticide (Ziram). Dimethyldithlocarbamlc acid, zinc salt is chiefly used as an ac- 
celerator. 

' Includes data for small amounts of tetramethylthiuram sulfides for uses other than in the processing of natural 
and synthetic rubbers. 

^ Includes blowing agents, peptizers, modifiers, and conditioning and lubricating agents. 

Elastomers (Ssmthetic Rubbers) 

The synthetic rubber industry in the United States had its beginning during World War II, and 
has continued to thrive since that time. The styrene -butadiene type, or S-type, rubber--which 
was the first to be developed--is a general-purpose material used in the manufacture of tires 
and other rubber goods; it is still the most important type of synthetic rubber, in terms of quan- 
tity produced. Several other types of synthetic rubbers are also produced in large quantities; 
among them are the polybutadiene -acrylonitrile, or N-type, the polybutadiene-isoprene type, or 
Butyl type, neoprene, and silicone elastomers. In 1961 the first significant production of stereo, 
or synthetic natural, rubbers was reported. 

The total output of all types of elastomers in the United States in 1961 amounted to 2,807 
million pounds--slightly less than the 2,952 million pounds reported for I960. Sales of elasto- 
mers covered by this report amounted to 2, 565 million pounds, valued at $717 million, in 1961, 
compared with 2, 551 million pounds, valued at $698 million, in I960. Statistics on the produc- 
tion and sales of elastomers are given in table 18A^. 

Production of cyclic elastomers, which consisted chiefly of the polybutadiene -styrene type 
(S-type), amounted to 2, 118 million pounds in 1961, compared with 2,283 million pounds in 1960. 
Sales of these elastomers amounted to 1, 912 million pounds, valued at $462 million, in 1961, 
compared with 1,949 million pounds, valued at $469 million, in I960. Production of polyurethane 
type elastomers in 1961 amounted to 13 million pounds. 

The output of acyclic elastomers, including N-type, neoprene, Butyl, silicone, and stereo 
rubbers, amounted to 689 million pounds in 1961, compared with the 669 million pounds reported 
for I960. Sales of these elastomers amounted to 653 million pounds, valued at $255 million, in 
1961, compared with 602 million pounds, valued at $229 million, in 1960. The output of silicone 
elastomers in 1961 amounted to 5.7 million pounds. 



' See also table 18B, part HI, which lists these products alphabetically and Identifies the manufacturers. 



ELASTOMERS 



43 



TABLE ISA.— Elastomers (synthetic rubbers): '■ U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which reported data on production or sales may be pub- 
lished. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no 
data were reported.) Table 18B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all elastomers for which data on production or 
sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each ] 



Product 



Production 



Grand total 

ELASTOMERS, CYCLIC 

Total - — 

Polybutadiene-styrene type (S-type) 

Polybutadlene-styrene-vlnylpyridine type- 
Polyurethane type 

ELASTOMERS, ACYCLIC 
Total - - 

Polybutadiene-acrylonitrile type (N-type) 

Polychloroprene type (Neoprene) 

Polyisobutylene-isoprene type (Butyl) 

Silicone elastomers 

All other acyclic elastomers* 



1,000 

pounds^ 

2,806,531 



2,117,859 



2,089,679 
15,121 
13,059 



688,672 



91,235 

265,50 

200,274. 

5,690 

125,930 



Sales 



ftiantity 



1.000 
pounds^ 
2,564,838 



1,911,649 



653,189 



78,928 



4,171 
570,090 



Value 



1.000 
dol lars 

716,600 



254,934 



38,761 



20,370 
195,803 



Unit 
value^ 



Per 
pound 



$0.28 



.24 



.39 



.49 



.34 



The term elastomers is defined as substances in bale, crumb, powder, latex, and other crude forms, which can 

be vulcanized or similarly processed into materials that can be stretched at 68° F. to at least twice their oriei 

nal length and, after having been so stretched and the stress removed, will return with force to approximately 
their original length. yi>^^j^^^o.u'=j^ 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 
•' Elastomer-content basis. 

* Includes data for the production and sales of polyalkalene sulfide, polybutadiene, and polylsobutylene elasto- 
mers, and natural rubber modifications; and for sales of neoprene and butyl elastomers. 

Note. --Statistics on the production of S-type, N-type, butyl, and neoprene elastomers were compiled in coopera- 
tion with the U.S. Bureau of the Census. v-uui^cm 



Plasticizers 

Plasticizers are organic chemicals that are added to synthetic plastics and resin materials 
to (1) improve workability daring fabrication; (2) extend or modify the natural properties of these 
resins; or (3) develop new, improved properties not present in the original resins. Plasticizers 
reduce the viscosity of the resins and make it easier to shape and form them at high tempera- 
tures and pressures. They also impart flexibility and other desirable properties to the finished 
product. Statistics on production and sales of plasticizers are given in table 19A.^° 

Total U.S. production of plasticizers in 1961 amounted to 630 million pounds--an increase 
of 4. 6 percent over the output of 602 million pounds reported for 1960. Sales in 1961 of the 
plasticizers covered in this report amounted to 536 million pounds, valued at $155 million, com- 
pared with 500 million pounds, valued at $149 million, in 1960. 

Production of cyclic plasticizers in 1951, which consisted chiefly of the esters of phthalic 
anhydride and phosphoric acid, amounted to 474 million pounds, compared with 445 million 
pounds in I960. Sales of cyclic plasticizers in 1961 amounted to 406 million pounds, valued at 
$106 million, compared with 384 million pounds, valued at $104 million, in 1960. 

Production of acyclic plasticizers in 1961 amounted to 156 million pounds, compared with 
157 million pounds in I960. Sales of acyclic plasticizers in 1961 amounted to 130 million pounds, 
valued at $48 million. Because of certain changes in reporting procedures, these figures are not 
strictly comparable with those for 1960 (116 million pounds, valued at $45 million). The princi- 
pal products included in the acyclic class are the esters of adipic, azelaic, oleic, sebacic, and 
stearic acids, epoxidized products, and complex linear polymeric plasticizers. 



10 



See also table 198, pt. III. which lists these products alphabetjcaUy and Identifies the manufacturers. 



44 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 19A. — Plasticizers: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all plasticizers for which reported data may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported 
data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data were reported. ) Table 19B in pt. Ill 
lists all plasticizers for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of 
each] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value-'' 



Grand total 

PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 
Total 

Phosphoric acid esters : 

Cresyl diphenyl phosphate^ 

Tricresyl phosphate^ 

Triphenyl phosphate 

Phthalic anhydride esters, total 

Butyl decyl phthalate 

Butyl octyl phthalate 

Dlbutyl phthalate 

Dicyclohexyl phthalate 

Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate) 

Diethyl phthalate 

Diisodecyl phthalate 

Dimethyl phthalate 

Dioctyl phthalates, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

Diiso-ootyl and mixed octyl phtlialates 

Ditridecyl phthalate 

Octyl decyl phthalates, total 

Iso-octyl Isodecyl phthalate 

n-Octyl n-decyl phthalate 

All other phthalic anhydride esters 

All other cyclic plasticizers^ 

PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Adipic acid esters, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

Diisobutyl adipate 

Diisodecyl adipate 

Diiso-octyl adipate 

Octyl decyl adipate 

All other 

Azelaic acid esters 

Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plasticizers 

Dlbutyl maleate 

Epoxidized soya and tall oil and epoxy stearates 

Glycerol monoricinoleate 

Oleic acid esters, total 

Butyl oleate 

Jfethyl oleate 

All other 

Phosphoric acid esters 

Sebaeic acid esters, total 

Dibutyl sebaoate 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



l.OQO 
pounds 
629,715 



4-73,581 



12,956 

24,637 

9,399 

376,511 



4,783 
15,997 
15,178 

5,557 

3,431 
17,332 
48,345 

4,121 

181,506 

138,330 

43,176 

2,747 
16,987 

4,235 
12,752 
60,527 

50,078 



156,134 



25,742 



8,478 
520 
5,514 
4,565 
5,042 
1,623 

7,335 
16,474 

5,372 

15,887 

367 

8,939 



1,827 
1,287 
5,825 

10,623 

11,500 



3,499 

7,434 

567 



1.000 
pounds 
536,068 



1,000 
do I lars 
154,614 



405,835 



13,293 

23,105 

3,307 

321,583 



4,631 
14,360 
13,435 

3,453 

2,917 
11,716 
36,936 

3,289 

161,535 

120,832 

40,703 

2,109 
15,145 

3,750 
11,395 
52,057 

44,547 



130,233 



20,538 



4,766 
113 
5,130 
4,255 
4,708 
1,566 

5,972 
12,893 

3,433 

15,345 

352 

4,903 



916 
3,987 
8,443 
9,181 



1,547 

7,085 

549 



106, U9 



3,411 
7,237 
1,249 

79,404 



1,089 
3,421 
3,665 
1,443 

720 
2,778 
8,896 

834 

37,461 

28,405 

9,056 

604 
4,130 

947 

3,183 

14,363 

14,818 



48,495 



7,518 



1,681 
44 
1,871 
1,552 
1,670 
700 

2,488 
4,811 

918 
4,932 

131 

1,288 



201 
1,087 
3,403 
5,371 



990 

4,061 

320 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE 19A. — Plasticizers: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



45 



Chemical 



Sales 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit value^ 



PLASTICIZERS, ACrCLIC—Continued 



Stearic acid esters, total- 

n-Butyl stearate 

All other — -. 



Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-oaprate)- 
All other acyclic plasticizers* 



1,000 
pounds 
7,366 



3,150 
4,216 

2,223 
4;, 306 



1,000 
pounds 
6,736 



1.000 
do I lars 

1,576 



Per 
pound 



$0.23 



2,784 
3,952 

1,969 
40,468 



681 
895 

687 
15,372 



.24 
.23 

.35 
.38 



■"■ Calculated from rounded figures. ^ Includes material produced for use as motor-fuel additive. 
^ Includes data for toluenesulf onamides , tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate, and other cyclic plasticizers. 
* Includes data for citric and aoetylcitric, tartaric, and ricinoleic acid esters, and for butyl n^ristate, 
glycerol and glycol esters of certain fatty acids, glycerol tripropionate, and other acyclic plasticizers. 



Surface -active Agents 

The surface -active agents covered in this report include synthetic organic detergents and 
wetting, emulsifying, and dispersing agents that function in either aqueous or nonaqueous sys- 
tems. Soaps, waxes, and plasticizers are not included. The data are reported in terms of 100- 
percent organic, surface -active ingredients, and thus exclude all inorganic salts, water, and 
other diluents. Originally developed as soap substitutes for the textile industry, surface -active 
agents have proved valuable in many other applications. A major part of the output of surface - 
active agents is consunned in the form of packaged household and industrial detergents. The re- 
mainder is used as wetting, dispersing, penetrating, and emulsifying agents in the processing of 
textiles and leather, in ore-flotation and oil-drilling operations, and in the manufacture of paints, 
agricultural sprays, lubricants, cosmetics, foods, pharmaceuticals, and many other products. 

Statistics on U.S. production and sales of surface-active agents in 1961 are given in table 
20A.^^ Total production of surface-active agents in 1961 amounted to 1,729 million pounds--12.9 
percent more than the 1, 532 million pounds produced in I960, and 15. percent more than the 
1, 504 million pounds produced in 1959. Sales in 1961 totaled 1, 583 million pounds, valued at 
$292 million, compared with 1, 399 million pounds, valued at $278 million, in 1960, and 1, 372 
million pounds, valued at $271 million, in 1959. Sales in 1961 were thus 13.2 percent larger 
than in I960 and 15.4 percent larger than in 1959, in terms of quantity, and 4.8 percent larger 
than in 1960 and 7. 5 percent larger than in 1959, in terms of value. 

Production of anionic materials in 1961 amounted to 1,238 million pounds, or 71.6 percent 
of total production of surface -active agents; sales of anionic materials were 1, 192 million 
pounds, valued at $173 million. Production of those surface -active agents which are generally 
considered nonionic amounted to 446 million pounds, or 25.8 percent of the total; sales were 349 
million pounds, valued at $93 million. Production of cationic and amphoteric materials amounted 
to 37 million pounds and 8 million pounds, respectively; sales of these two classes totaled 43 
million pounds, valued at $25 million. 

In this report surface-active agents have--for statistical purposes --been divided into benze- 
noid and non-benzenoid groups, instead of into cyclic and acyclic groups as in previous years. 
Although the statistical totals given for the benzenoid and non-benzenoid groups for 1961 are not 
strictly comparable with those shown for the cyclic and acyclic groups in previous years, the 
differences in the group totals are small, so that comparisons between the data are significant. 

Production of benzenoid surface -active agents in 1961 amounted to 1, 150 million pounds, or 
17.6 percent more than the 977 million pounds of cyclic surface -active agents reported for 1960. 
Sales of benzenoid surface-active agents in 1961 totaled 1,086 million pounds, valued at $149 
million, compared with sales of cyclic surface -active agents in 1960 of 927 million pounds, 
valued at $147 million. Of the benzenoid surface -active agents for which individual statistics are 
shown in the table, those produced in largest quantity were dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium 
salt, 319 million pounds; lignosulfonic acid, calcium salt, 227 million pounds; and nonylphenoxy- 
polyethoxyethanol, 108 million pounds. 

Production of nonbenzenoid surface -active agents in 1961 amounted to 580 million pounds, 
or 4. 5 percent more than the 555 million pounds of acyclic surface -active agents reported for 
1960. Sales of nonbenzenoid surface -active agents in 1961 totaled 498 million pounds, valued 
at $142 million, compared with the 472 million pounds, valued at $131 million, reported for 
sales of acyclic surface -active agents in 1960. Of the nonbenzenoid surface -active agents for 
which individual statistics are shown in the table, those produced in largest quantity were 
glycerol monostearate , 31 million pounds; coconut oil acids -diethanolamine condensate (amine/ 
acid ratio- 1/ 1), 17 million pounds; and dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt, 13 million pounds. 

■'■■'■ See also table 20B, pt. Ill, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the 

TTin m 1 f fl n t.i i rf^Tf^ . 



46 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 20 A. —Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1961^ 



[Listed below are all surfaoe-aotlve agents for which reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 20B in pt. Ill lists all surface-active agents for which data on production or sales were 
reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Chemical 



Production-"- 



Sales 



Quant ity-"- 



Value 



Grand total 

Amphoteric 

Anionic 

Cationic 

Nonionic 

BENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

Total - 

Amides, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not 

sulfated or sulfonated, total 

Allcylbenzyldimethyloctadecylammonium salts, total 

Benzyldimethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Benzyldodeoyldimethylammonium chloride 

Benzylhexadecyldimethylaramonium chloride 

All other 

Heterocyclic quaternary ammonium salts 

All other 

Esters and ethers, not sulfated or sulfonated, total 

Dodecylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Iso-octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Phenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

All other^ --- - 

Sulfated and sulfonated benzenoid surface-active agents, 
total 

Benzenesulfonates, total 

Benzene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates, total 

Toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

All other 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonio acid 

Dodeoylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonio acid, isopropylamlne salt--' 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonio acid, triethanolamine salt-' 

All other 

Other mono- and dlalkylbenzenesulfonates, total 

Deoylbenzenesulfonlc acid 

All other* 

Llgnosulfonates, total 

Lignosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

All other 

Naphthalenesulfonates, total 

Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid and sodium salt 

Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonio acid and sodium salt— 

IsopropyLnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

All other 

Phenols and ethoxylated phenols, sulfated, total 

Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

All other 

All other benzenoid surfaoe-aotlve agents, sulfated 
and sulfonated' 



1,000 
pounds 
1,729,305 



7,786 



1,237,99^ 



37,339 



4'i6,186 



1,149,519 



5,66^ 



3,462 

1,421 
671 

1,370 
398 

1,804 

186,305 



29,430 

1,768 

107,670 

1,413 

46,024 



582,688 
49,800 
10,245 
19,357 
20,198 

400,073 

65,770 

2,258 

319,320 

2,196 

10,529 

132,815 

1,291 

131,524 

325,743 

226,852 

98,891 

5,330 

557 

780 

428 

3,565 

39,635 

22,038 

17,597 

4,154 



1,000 
pounds 
1,583,449 



7,494 



1,191,705 



35,701 



348,549 



1,085,581 



5,241 



3,208 
103 

1,437 
657 

1,011 
315 

1,718 

152,689 



1,708 
82,544 

1,380 
67,057 



570,133 

10,265 
18,435 

392,629 
61,983 

3,806 

316,745 

2,093 

8,002 

148,804 

1,207 

147,597 

313,148 

216,537 

96,611 

4,222 

248 

397 

300 

3,277 

20,565 



19,583 



1,000 
dollars 
291,591 



4,523 



173,190 



20,615 



93,263 



149,301 



4,923 



2,929 
107 

1,328 
709 
785 
357 

1,637 

30,936 



383 
15,782 

635 
14,136 



88,423 

1,031 
1,787 

57,399 
15,224 

1,166 

38,957 

642 

1,410 

28,206 

199 

28,007 

10,499 

6,904 

3,595 

1,915 

90 

210 

U4 

1,471 

4,619 



7,986 



Per 
pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 
TABLE lOPi-.'-Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1961 ^--Continued 



47 



Chemical 



Production^ 



Sales 



IJiantity-'- 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

Total 

Amides, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not 

sulfated or sulfonated, total 

Acylated amino acids and polypeptides, total 

N-Lauroylsaroosine, sodium salt 

All other 

Alkanolnmi des , total 

Coconut oil acids-diethanolamlne condensate, total 

(Amine/acid ratio=l/l) 

(Amine/aoid ratlo=2/l) 

(All other ratios) 

Laurie acid-diethanolamine condensate 

Laurie acid-isopropanolamine condensate 

Oleic acid-diethanolamine condensate 

Oleic acid-hydroxyethylethylenediamine condensate 

Stearic acid-diethanolamine condensate 

Stearic acid-hydroxyethylethylenediamine condensate 

Stearic acid-monoethanolamine condensate 

All other 

Amides of ethylenedi amine, diethylenetriamine, and 

tetraethylenepentamine, total 

Oleic acid-dit'hylenetriamine condensate 

All other— 

Amine salts, total 

Amine acetates 

Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt 

All other 

Ethoxylated amides 

Ethoxylated amines, total 

N-Polyethoxyethyl (mixed alkyl) amine 

N-Polyethoxyethylrosinamine 

All other 

Heterocyclic amines and quaternary ammonium salts, total' 

2-Heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

All other 

Other amides, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, 

total 

Alley lethyldimethylammonium bromide 

Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide and chloride 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide 

All other*- — 

Carboxylic acid esters, not sulfated or sulfonated, total— 

Ethylene glycol and diethylene glycol esters, total 

Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

Diethylene glycol mono-oleate 

Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Ethylene glycol monostearate 

All other 

Glycerol esters, total 

Glycerol monococate 

Glycerol mono-oleate 

Glycerol monostearate 

All other 

Polyethylene glycol esters, total 

Polyethoxyethyl dllaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

All other 



i.OOO 
pounds 
579,786 



120,625 



3,255 

1,782 

1,-473 

86,945 

26,747 

17,450 

4,269 

5,028 

8,488 

1,603 

753 

2,602 

1,522 

2,193 

43,037 

2,173 

125 

2,048 

2,708 

2,228 

98 

382 

1,242 

1,709 
1,623 

2,019 

515 

1,504 

18,951 

84 

495 

83 

18,289 

90,115 



2,670 

629 

128 

1,043 

558 

312 

48,776 

445 

759 

31,356 

16,216 

17,168 

490 

1,790 

374 

2,433 

3,261 

2,806 

4,589 

1,425 



1,000 
pounds 
497,868 



1.000 
dollars 

142,290 



114,815 



2,597 

1,780 

817 

83,076 

24,270 

16,763 

2,692 

4,815 

8,354 

716 

1,387 

2,750 

120 

45,479 

1,744 

77 

1,667 

2,625 

2,187 

23 

415 

5,152 
1,154 

3,998 
1,844 

1,844 

17,777 

84 

438 

82 

17,173 

79,043 



2,150 

540 

80 

835 

559 

136 

45,919 

404 

509 

28,959 

16,047 

11,403 

452 

638 

360 

1,791 

1,948 

2,172 

3,066 

976 



47,258 



5,037 

4,636 

401 

28,707 

10,922 

5,721 

928 

4,273 

3,019 

242 

485 

1,805 

65 

12,169 

833 

24 

809 

1,070 

810 

9 

251 

2,419 
864 

1,555 
876 

876 

8,316 
102 
385 
197 

7,632 

26,311 



684 

170 

24 

246 

203 

41 

12,863 

102 

182 

7,617 

4,962 

4,046 

183 

226 

137 

751 

731 

888 

718 

412 



See footnotes at end of table. 



48 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 20A. — Surface-active agents: U.S. production and sales, 1961^ — Continued 



Chemical 



Production"'" 



Sales 



CJiantity""" 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

Carboxylic acid esters, rio"i, sulfated or sulfonated, — 
Continued 

Other carboxylic acid esters, total 

Methoxypolyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

1,2-Propanediol monostearate 

All other' - 

Ethers, not sulfated or sulfonated, total 

Polyethylene glycol ethers, total 

Polyethoxyetl^l castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl octadecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

All other 

All other ethers and thioethers 

Fatty acids, potassium and sodium salts, not sulfated or 
sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, potassium salt 

Oleic acid, sodium salt 

Stearic acid, potassiimi salt 

Tall oil acids, potassium salt 

Tallow acids, sodiimi salt 

All other 

Phosphoric and polyphosphoric acid esters, not sulfated 
or sulfonated 

Sulfated and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 

agents, total 

Dlcarboxylic acid amides and esters, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate 

All other 

Fats, oils, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated, 

total 

Castor oil, sulfonated 

Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Cod oil, sulfonated 

Lard, sulfonated 

Neatsfoot oil, sulfonated 

Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rice-bran oil, sulfonated 

Soybean oil, sulfonated 

Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Tall oil, sulfonated 

Tallow, sulfonated 

All other 

Other nonbenzenoid surface-active agents, sulfated and 

sulfonated, total 

Coconut oil acids-monoethanolamine condensate, 

sulfated, potassium salt 



1,000 
pounds 
21,501 

785 
20,671 

85,918 

60,168 

1,801 

49 

2,634 

7,523 

48,161 

25,750 



12,893 



87 
714 
1,315 
537 
3,883 
2,670 
3,687 



3,480 



266,755 



1,000 
pounds 

19,571 

43 

858 

18,670 

36,954 



1.000 
dot tars 

8,718 

23 

289 

8,406 

10,703 



14,640 
1,484 
1,420 
35 
2,323 
7,035 
2,343 

22,314 



12,462 



84 
367 
1,315 
528 
3,873 
2,665 
3,630 



2,454 



252,140 



4,900 


4,580 


2,950 


2,838 


2,632 


1,791 


2,062 


1,948 


1,159 


28,201 


19,190 


3,759 


7,174 


3,897 


1,126 


806 


483 


133 


1,889 


1,523 


217 


60 


• • • 


. • * 


1,051 


607 


122 


1,396 


1,304 


368 


679 


213 


50 


293 


267 


84 


5,002 


2,537 


464 


413 


393 


116 


8,108 


7,257 


898 


1,330 


709 


181 


33,654 


228,370 


47,278 


91 


89 


87 



4,851 

497 

700 

31 

1,174 

1,705 
744 

5,852 



2,507 



21 

54 

239 

89 

677 

282 

1,145 



1,524 



53,987 



Per 
pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



49 



Chemical 



Production-'- 



Sales 



Quantity-"- 



Value 



Unit 
value ^ 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

Sulfated and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 
agents — Continued 
OJher nonbenzenoid surface-active agents, sulfated and 
sulfonated — Continued 

Dodecyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

N-Methyl-N-oleoyltaurine 

Oleic acid, sulfonated 

n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

All other' 



1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


lounds 


pounds 


dol lars 


86-4 


851 


445 


73A 


660 


604 


12,752 


11,364 


6,362 


5,468 


4,356 


1,467 


1,031 


842 


274 


2,340 


2,225 


1,236 


2,378 


1,345 


501 


781 


724 


197 


207,215 


205,914 


36,105 



Per 



$0.52 
.92 
.56 
.34 
.33 
.56 
.37 
.27 
.18 



■"- All quantities are given in terms of 100-percent organic surface-active ingredient. 

^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Includes ethoxylated alkylphenols and small quantities of other benzenoid esters and ethers. 

* Includes tridecylbenzenesulfonates and salts of all other benzene-, toluene-, and xylenesulfonates. 

' Includes octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanesulfonic acid, sodium salt of water-soluble petroleumsulfonic acid, and 
sulfonated derivatives of biphenyl and of diphenyl ether. 

* Includes production of all other ethoxylated amines and sales of ethoxylated amides and of rosinaminopoly- 
ethoxyethanol. 

' Includes esters and ethoxylated esters of 1,2-propanediol and of polyhydric alcohols. 
^ Includes small quantities of benzenoid phosphates. 

' Includes sulfated and sulfonated acids, alcohols, alkanes, amides, amines, esters, ethers, and quaternary am- 
monium compounds . 



Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals 

This section of the report covers pesticides (fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and 
rodenticides) and other organic agricultural chemicals, such as plant hormones, seed disin- 
fectants, soil conditioners, and soil fumigants. The data are given in terms of 100-percent 
active material; they thus exclude such materials as diluents, emulsifiers, synergists, and 
wetting agents. Statistics on production and sales of pesticides and other organic agricultural 
chemicals in 1961 are given in table ZlA.-'-^ 

Production of pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals in 1961 amounted to 700 
nnilUon pounds - -about 8 percent more than the 648 million pounds reported for 1960. Sales in 
1961 were 612 million pounds, valued at $303 million, compared with 570 million pounds, valued 
at $262 million, in 1960. 

The output of cyclic pesticides and other chemicals included in the cyclic group amounted to 
572 million pounds in 196l--about 9 percent more than the 526 million pounds produced in I960. 
Sales in 1961 were 484 million pounds, valued at $238 million, compared with 455 million pounds, 
valued at $203 million, in I960. The chemical in this group which was produced in the greatest 
quantity in I96l--as in each year since it was first separately reported in 1944--was the in- 
secticide DDT. The output of this product in 1961 amounted to 171 million pounds, a record 
high. 

Production of acyclic pesticides and other acyclic organic agricultural chemicals in 1961 
amounted to 128 million pounds, compared with the 122 million pounds reported for I960. Sales 
in 1961 were 128 million pounds, valued at $65 million, compared with 115 nnillion pounds, 
valued at $59 million, in I960. 



12 



See also table 21B, pt. m, which lists these products alphabetically and identifles the manufacturers. 



50 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 21A. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which any reported data on production 
or sales may be published. (Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published or where no data were reported. ) Table 21B in pt. Ill lists all pesticides and other organic agricul- 
tural chemicals for which data on production or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each] 



Product 



Sales 



Production 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



Grand total 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAI^, CYCLIC 
Total 

Fungicides, total 

I'.tercury fungicides 

Naphthenlc acid, copper salt 

Pentaohlorophenol and sodium salt 

2,'i,5-Trichlorophenol and salts 

All other ■ 

Herbicides and other plant hormones, total 

Phenoxyacetio acid derivatives : 

(2, 'i-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,4-D) 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetlc acid esters and salts, 

total 

(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,4— Dlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid, dime thy la m1 ne salt- 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetio acid, iso-octyl ester 

(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, isopropyl ester 

All other 

(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid (2,<i,5-T) 

(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid esters and salts, 

total 

(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,'4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, iso-octyl ester- 
All other 

Phenylmercuiy acetate 

All other 

Infieoticides and rodentlcides , total 

Chlorinated insecticides, total 

Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride ) and 

lindane^ 

l,l,l-Trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) 

All other 

0,0-Diethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate 

(Parathion) 

0,0-Dimethyl O-(p-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate (Methyl 

parathion) 

All other^ 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHE^aCALS, ACYCLIC 

Total 

Fungicides and soil fumigants, total 

Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 

Dime thy Idithiocarbaitii c acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 

Ethylene bis(dithiocarbainic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

All other* 

Herbicides: Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

Insecticides 

All other 



1.000 
pounds 
699,699 



571,683 



83,130 



996 

1,551 

54,584 

10,866 

15,133 

120,608 



43,392 



367,945 



310,832 

25,080 
171,438 
114,314 

8,423 

18,527 
30,163 



128,016 



84,516 



12,892 
1,170 
3,091 
3,675 
8,313 

55,375 

345 
22,865 
20,290 



1,000 
pounds 
611,917 



484,182 



65,563 



900 
1,539 

45,947 
2,877 

14,300 

69,218 



16,735 



349,401 



300,352 

23,221 
162,641 
114,490 

7,4.23 

14,265 
27,361 



127,735 



89,355 



11,769 
1,721 
2,565 
3,738 
7,773 

61,789 

321 
19,696 
18,363 



1,000 
do I lars 
302,955 



237,586 



21,985 



2,352 
475 
8,566 
1,910 
8,682 

64,192 



5,147 



36,780 


27,630 


11,802 


4,117 


5,872 


2,334 


5,680 


4,899 


2,373 


3,064 


3,494 


1,399 


7,260 


3,929 


1,384 


16,659 


9,436 


4,312 


6,909 


2,637 


2,410 


7,795 


5,229 


5,086 


1,277 


• • • 


• • • 


843 


1,583 


1,489 


5,675 


3,646 


3,597 


547 


470 


2,630 


25,185 


16,517 


37,117 



151,409 



100,587 

3,907 
28,853 
67,827 

5,152 

10,965 
34,705 



65,369 



34,012 



5,149 

956 

857 

1,205 

4,489 

21,356 

330 
17,784 
13,243 



Per 
pound 



Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Production of the gamma isomer content in benzene hexachloride and lindane totaled 7.7 million pounds; sales 
amounted to 6.4 million pounds. 

' Includes some insect attractants and nematocldes. 

* Data on Ziram (dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt) are shown in table 17A, Rubber-Processing Chemicals. The 
1961 production of Ziram was 1,099,000 pounds; sales amounted to 1,075,000 pounds, valued at $816,000. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 51 

Miscellaneous Syntlietic Organic Chemicals 

As used in this report, the term "miscellaneous synthetic organic chennicals" refers to 
those products that are not included in the use groups covered in the preceding sections of the 
report. These miscellaneous chemicals, which account for about three-fifths of the output of 
all synthetic organic chemicals, include products that are employed in a great variety of uses; 
the number of chemicals used exclusively for only one purpose is not large. Among the prod- 
ucts covered are those used for gasoline and lubricating oil additives, paint driers, photo- 
graphic chemicals, tanning materials, flotation reagents, refrigerants, textile polymers, 
sequestering agents, organic fertilizers, antifreeze chemicals, solvents, and acyclic inter- 
mediates. 

Production of miscellaneous chemicals in 1961 amounted to 32. 7 billion pounds, or 2. 6 
percent more than the output of 31.9 billion pounds reported for I960. Sales of miscellaneous 
chemicals in 1961 amounted to 15.1 billion pounds, valued at $2.3 billion, compared with 14.0 
billion pounds, valued at $2.0 billion, in I960. Statistics on production and sales of miscel- 
laneous chemicals in 1961 are given in table 22A.''--' 

The total output of miscellaneous cyclic chemicals in 1961 was 769 million pounds, or 3.0 
percent less than the output of 793 million pounds reported for 1960. Sales in 1961 totaled 431 
million pounds, valued at $146 million, compared with 435 million pounds, valued at $165 mil- 
lion, in I960. The most important subgroup of cyclic compounds was the lubricating oil addi- 
tives, the output of which was 348 million pounds in 1961. 

Total production of miscellaneous acyclic chemicals in 1961 was 32.0 billion pounds--2. 8 
percent more than the output of 31.1 billion pounds reported for I960. Sales in 1961 totaled 14.7 
billion pounds, valued at $2.2 billion, compared with 13.5 billion pounds, valued at $1.9 billion, 
in 1960. 

Production of alcohols and halogenated hydrocarbons in 1961 each exceeded that of any of 
the use groups of synthetic organic chemicals except cyclic intermediates and plastics and 
resin materials. Production of monohydric, unsubstituted alcohols totaled 6. 2 billion pounds 
in 1961, or 1.0 percent more than the 6.1 billion pounds reported for I960. Alcohols are used 
as solvents, intermediates, and antifreeze materials, and for other purposes. Production of 
halogenated hydrocarbons totaled 5.4 billion pounds in 1961, about the same as in I960. Halo- 
genated hydrocarbons are used as solvents, intermediates, refrigerants, and aerosol propel- 
lants, and for other purposes. 

Individual miscellaneous chemicals the output of which exceeded 1 billion pounds in 1961 
were synthetic methanol (2.0 billion pounds in both 1961 and I960); formaldehyde (1.8 billion 
pounds, compared with 1.9 billion pounds in I960); urea (1.8 billion pounds, compared with 1.5 
billion pounds in I960); ethyl alcohol (1.7 billion pounds in each year); ethylene oxide (1.4 billion 
pounds, compared with 1.5 billion pounds); dichloroethane (1.4 billion pounds, compared with 
1.3 billion pounds); acetic anhydride (1.3 billion pounds, compared with 1.1 billion pounds); iso- 
propyl alcohol (1.2 billion pounds in each year); ethylene glycol (1.2 billion pounds, compared 
with 1.3 billion pounds); and vinyl chloride monomer (1.0 billion pounds in each year). 

13 

See also table 22B, pt. HI, which lists these products alphabetically and identifies the manufacturers. 



52 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 

[Listed below are all miscellaneous chemicals for which any reported data on production or sales may be published. 
(Leaders are used where the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published or where no data 
were reported.) Table 22B in pt. Ill lists alphabetically all miscellaneous chemicals for which data on production 
or sales were reported and identifies the manufacturer of each'] 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"■ 



Grand total 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CyCLIC 

Total 

Benzoic acid salts: Sodium benzoate, tech. and U.S.P — 

Benzoyl peroxide 

Cyclopropane 

2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol, total 

Food grade ' 

Tech 

Flotation reagents 

Gasoline additives, total^ 

N,N-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Disalicylidene-l,2-propanediamine 

All other 

Hexamethylenetetramlne, tech 

Lubricating oil and grease additives, total 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

Oil soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

All other 

Naphthenic acid salts, total ^ * 

Calcium naphthenate 

Cobalt naphthenate : 

Iron naphthenate 

Lead naphthenate 

Manganese naphthenate 

Zinc naphthenate 

All other 

Photographic chemicals, total 

Benzotriazole 

p-Diethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 

diethylani line) -zinc chloride 

All other 

Rosin acid salts' 

Salicylanilide 

Tall oil salts, total' 

Calcium tallate 

Cobalt tallate 

Copper tallate 

Lead tallate 

Manganese tallate 

Zinc tallate 

All other 

Tanning materials, synthetic, total 

2-Naphthalenesulfonio acid, formaldehyde condensate 

and salts 

All other 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 
32,7^4,616 



769,135 



5,652 

3,189 

191 

17,616 



4,487 
13,129 

6,033 

8,952 



■4,638 
1,376 
2,938 

28,253 

3<t7,995 



44,967 
107,215 

73,238 
122,575 

13,300 



1,162 

2,837 

106 

7,109 

1,215 

559 

312 

6,311 



18 

127 
6,166 

750 
192 

e,A5A 



259 

2,012 

86 

2,831 

734 

30 

502 

34,966 



31,274 
3,692 



1,000 
pounds 
15,132,725 



1,000 
do I lars 
2,321,917 



430,883 



5,297 

2,392 

166 



4,270 
10,554 



8,064 



4,775 
1,064 
2,225 

13,732 

197,970 



51,170 
146,800 

11,148 



1,035 
2,176 
116 
6,104 
888 
544 
285 

6,170 



18 

125 
6,027 

261 



5,864 



247 

1,839 

89 

2,541 

646 

21 

481 

34,127 



30,155 
3,972 



146,031 



1,810 
2,315 
2,502 



2,625 
5,324 



8,204 



4,709 
1,928 
1,567 

2,734 

41,167 



6,925 
34,242 

4,482 



"^57 

1,497 

38 

1,754 

373 

206 

157 

9,918 



93 

290 
9,535 

107 



2,075 



91 
929 

20 

706 

198 

6 

125 

6,955 



5,477 
1,478 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



53 



TABLE 22A.— Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, i96i~ Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity- 



Value 



Unit 
value ■'■ 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Textile chemicals other than surface-active agents-- 
All other miscellaneous cyclic chemicals 

MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC 

Total- - 

Acetaldehyde 

Acetic acid, synthetic 100$ 

Acetic acid salts, total 

Ammonium acetate 

Copper acetate 

Potassium acetate 

All other 

Acetic anhydride, 100^, from all sources 

Acetone, total 

From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acrylic acid 

Acrylonltrile 

Adipic acid 

Alcohols, monohydric, unsuhstituted, total 

Alcohols C9 or lower, total 

Amyl alcohols, unmixed 

Butyl alcohols, total 

Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

All other 

Ethyl alcohol, synthetic' 

Fusel oil, refined 

Iso-octyl alcohols 

Isopropyl alcohol 

Methanol, synthetic 

1- and 2-Octanol 

All other 

Alcohols Cio and higher, total 

Decyl alcohol 

1-Octadecanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

All other 

Amines, total 

Butylamine 

Coconut oil amine 

Diethylamine 

Dlmethylamine 

Dodecylamlne 

Methylamine, mono- 

Octadecylamine 

Tallow amine -'-■ 

Tallow amine, dihydrogenated 

Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Trimethylamlne 

All other 

Amyl acetates, 90jt 

Bis(2-ohloroethyl) ether (Dlchlorodiethyl ether) 

2-Butanone oxlme 

Butyl acetates, 90<^, total 

Iso 

Normal 

All other t 



1,000 
pounds 

2,765 
286,516 



31,975,481 



764,023 
18,570 



1,120 

105 

1,676 

15,669 

1,259,474 

749,575 



591,373 
158,202 

12,188 
249,527 



6,174,125 



5,892,650 

1,466 

599,693 

283,278 

316,415 

1,685,261 

476 

59,324 

1,188,672 

2,039,829 

6,867 

311,062 

281,475 

67, 193 

12,594 

201,688 

426,031 



1,013 

892 

5,135 

43,128 

1,280 

8,951 

582 

2,057 

1,709 

1,338 

10,393 

349,553 

9,515 

2,080 

114,576 



1,000 
pounds 

1,313 
129,555 



14,701,842 



1,000 
dol lars 
1,642 
54,171 



2,175,886 



78,393 
161,249 



1,048 

102 

1,587 

14,759 



458,400 



321,397 
137,003 



157,361 
49,896 



3,034,321 

1,597 

244,473 

176,095 

68,378 

935,406 

318 

51,011 

443,820 

1,155,746 

3,780 

198,170 

105,570 

48,540 

3,411 

53,619 



594 
1,036 

22,885 
1,135 
8,603 

1,879 

1,223 

79,950 

6,850 
8,861 
2,117 

98,014 



77,522 
37,054 



18,083 

70,879 

9,052 



6,518 
13,433 



393 

66 

326 

2,962 



28,519 



20, W5 
7,744 



27,632 
U,203 

219,118 



199, 132 

399 

30,932 

23,801 

7,131 

57, 116 

58 

8,712 

26,591 

41,564 

770 

32,990 

19,986 

8,505 

877 

10,604 

42,109 



328 
497 

5,581 

762 

1,608 

625 

455 

32,253 

1,172 

195 

1,743 

12,725 



2,100 
9,556 
1,069 



Per 
pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



54 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22A. — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■"• 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Butytic acid 

Carbon disulfide 

Cellulose esters and ethers, total 

Cellulose acetate 

Sodium oarboxymethylcellulose, lOOjd 

All other 

Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetlc acid, mono- 

Chloroacetic acid, ethyl ester 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine ( Dime thy laminoethyl 

chloride) hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-chlorohydrin) 

Dibutyl fumarate 

Didodecyl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Di ethylene glycol 

Diethyl malonate (Malonic ester) 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

Dipropylene glycol 

Dodeoenylsuccinio anhydride 

Epichlorohydrin 

Ethanolamines , total 

2-Aininoethaiiol (Monoethanolamine) 

2,2'-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl acrylate 

Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene oxide 

Ethyl ether, all grades 

Ethyl formate 

2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethyloaproic acid) salts, total 

Calcium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zinc 2-ethylhexanoate 

All other 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate 

Ethyl propionate 

Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 

surface-active agents, total 

Isopropyl myristate 

Isopropyl oleate 

Isopropyl palmitate 

All other 

Formaldehyde (37% by weight) 

Formic acid, 90%- 

Formic acid salts 

Fumaric acid 

Halogenated hydrocarbons, total 

1-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

Carbon tetrachloride 

Chlorinated paraffins, total 

35%-64% Chlorine - 

All other 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,000 
pounds 

545,686 



535,697 

47,604 

184,108 

71,207 

55,248 

1,477 

140 

20 

3,918 

432 

107,483 

894 

24,552 

1,380 

131,208 



44,916 
51,642 
34,650 

102,325 

62,644 

1,183,268 

1,355,957 

91,004 

122 

2,861 



527 

246 

132 

1,956 

24 

3,254 



1,179 
145 
678 

1,252 

1,752,395 
16,689 
23,225 

20,591 

5,361,846 



12 

852 

383,836 

37,363 

28,453 

8,910 



1.000 
pounds 

466 
440,382 



1,000 
dollars 

145 
19,296 

93,972 



41,665 
184,134 



46 



314 
74,547 

438 

829 
20,458 

598 
20,121 

112,572 



41,128 
38,359 
33,085 

31,629 

86,075 

19,671 

817,505 

128,072 

83,008 

154 

1,720 



101 
433 
2U 
95 
877 

712 



2,818 



1,183 

639 
996 

723,254 
16,059 

18,840 
2,810,107 



754 

335,324 

36,424 

27,621 

8,803 



18,984 
74,988 



76 



479 
9,436 

324 

593 
2,697 

288 
4,966 

23,163 



8,197 
8,406 
6,560 

5,666 

9,835 

6,290 

88,724 

17,025 

5,645 

50 

1,295 



61 

349 
94 
46 

745 

239 



974 



452 

214 
308 

23,633 
2,313 

4,073 
327,337 



292 

24,648 
4,821 
3,447 
1,374 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



55 



TABLE 22A.— Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, i96i — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLlC--Continued 

Halogenated hydrocarbons — Continued 

Chlorodifluoromethane 

Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride) 

Chloroform, total 

Tech 

U.S.P- 

Chloromethane (Methyl chloride) 

Dichlorodifluoromethane 

1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) 

Di chloromethane (Methylene chloride) 

1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 

Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

Tetrachloroethylene ( Per chloroethylene ) 

Trichloroethylene 

Trichlorofluoromethane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane 

Vinyl chloride, monomer (Chloroethylene) 

All other 

Isoascorbic acid 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt . 

Isopropyl acetate 

Isopropyl ether 

Lactic acid, 100%, total 

Edible and medicinal 

Technical 

Linoleic acid salts, total^ 

Calcium linoleate 

Lead linoleate 

All other 

Lubricating oil additives, total 

Phosphorodlthioates (Dithiophosphates) 

Sulfurlzed lard oil 

Sulfurized sperm oil 

All other 

Mfllelc anhydride 

Mercaptoacetic (Thioglycollo) acid derivatives, total-- 

Ammonium mercaptoacetate (Ammonium thioglycolate) 

All other 

2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

Methyl acetate 

Ootanoic acid (Capryllc acid) salts 

2-Octanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

Oleic acid salts' 

Oxalic acid 

Oxalic acid salts 

Pentaerythritol . 

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified, total- 

Tributyl phosphate 

All other 

Polyacrylio acid salts 

Polyethylene glycol 

Polypropylene glycol 

Propionic acid 



Production 



1.000 
pounds 

496,767 

77,315 

76,«6 

819 

105,118 

173,481 

1,368,467 

115,819 

37,746 

8,955 

225,120 

309,171 

90,934 

2,552 

1,043,983 

884,355 

247 

1,562 

38,803 

6,371 

5,485 



Sales 



Quantity 



4,195 
1,290 

492 



145 

11 

336 

261,187 



80,053 

1,053 

18,264 

161,817 

77,661 



1,241 
699 

17,709 

19,837 
372 
315 
329 

18,664 
5,177 

62,350 
3,661 

57,875 

13,554 

3,287 

10,267 

1,457 
31,447 
54,863 
30,634 



1,000 
pounds 

24,459 

185,225 

54,716 



45,413 
171,979 
442,747 
114,375 

22,442 

8,893 

225,399 

325,600 

87,210 

424,303 
304,844 



1,088 

32,429 

3,755 

5,437 



Value 



4,027 
1,410 

481 



146 

335 

107,056 



27,108 

2,808 
77,140 

41,838 



1,655 

11,853 

19,788 

350 

310 
19,353 

5,206 
50,345 

2,110 

8,287 
2,807 
5,480 

1,205 
26,662 
32,007 

9,979 



1,000 
dol lars 
17,133 
14,254 
5,501 



4,913 

51,345 

20,941 

10,862 

766 

5,392 
22,116 
32,931 
19,439 



34,229 
57,754 



2,333 

3,547 
239 

2,255 



1,858 
397 

152 



IS 

124 
24,219 



8,009 

503 
15,707 

9,070 

1,800 



1,800 

2,202 
902 
605 

219 

3,434 

1,292 

14,392 

1,676 



4,265 



1,352 
2,913 

1,569 
6,670 
6,926 
1,665 



Unit 
value'' 



Per 
pound 



See footnotes at end of table. 



56 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 1961 



TABLE 22A, — Miscellaneous chemicals: U.S. production and sales, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Production 



Sales 



Quantity 



Value 



Unit 
value ■'■ 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Propionic acid salt: Sodium propionate 

Propylene glycol (1,2-Propaiiediol) 

Propylene oxide 

Sequestering agents, total 

(Ethylenedlnltrllo)tetraacetio acid (Ethylenediamlne- 

tetraacetic acid) . 
(Ethylenedinitrllo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetlc acid, tetrasodium salt- 
(N-Hydroxyethyletliylenedinltrllo)triaoetlc acid, 

trisodlum salt. 
All other 

Sodium fonnaldehydesulfoxylate 

Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Stearic acid salts, total'' 

Aluminum stearates, total 

Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum stearate, other 

Ammonium stearate 

Barium stearate 

Calcium stearate 

Lead stearate 

Lithium stearate 

Magnesium stearate — 

Zinc stearate 

All other 

Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Trlethylene glycol 

Urea in compounds or mixtures (lOO;? hasls), total^ 

In feed compounds 

In liquid fertilizer 

In solid fertilizer 

All other 

Vinyl acetate, monomer 

Zinc fonnaldehydesulfoxylate 

All other miscellaneous acyclic chemicals 



1.000 
pounds 
4,555 
160,341 
374,153 

22,354 



2,756 

578 

11,072 
4,553 

3,395 

5,493 
4,268 

27,299 



5,298 

4,273 

1,025 

321 

294 

8,433 

441 

261 

1,088 

7,705 

3,458 

1,382 
30,183 

1,843,573 



203,010 
626,311 
842,670 
171, 582 

273,491 

1,223 

7,048,231 



1,000 
pounds 

4,695 

122,141 

35,655 

18,515 



1,564 

630 

9,015 
4,418 

2,888 

5,259 
3,585 

23,158 



1,000 
dol lars 
1,354 
14,702 
4,768 

6,915 



4,578 

3,722 

856 

323 

248 

7,591 

364 

254 

1,027 

6,283 

2,490 



23,984 
1,771,965 



774 

462 

3,108 
1,366 

1,205 

1,096 
1,062 

8,739 



1,741 

1,397 

344 

49 

96 

2,449 

133 

123 

430 

2,416 

1,302 



4,029 
'76,173 



214,769 
585,920 
829,559 
141,717 

168,903 

1,183 

2,209,578 



9,359 
24,651 
36,191 

5,972 

24,880 

495 

922,593 



Per 
pound 



$0.29 
.12 
.13 

.37 



T49 
.73 

.34 

.31 

.42 

.21 
.30 

.38 



T38 
.37 
.40 
.15 
.39 
.32 
.36 
.48 
.42 
.38 
.52 



.17 



.04 



.04 
.04 
.04 
.04 

.15 
.42 
.42 



^ Calculated from rounded figures. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of tricresyl phosphate. Statistics on tricresyl phosphate are given in 
the section "Plasticizers." 

Quantities are given on the basis of solid naphthenate, resinate, tallate, or llnoleate content. 

* Statistics exclude production and sales of copper naphthenate. Statistics on copper naphthenate are given in the 
section "Pesticides and Other Organic Agricultural Chemicals." 

' Statistics on production of ethyl alcohol from natural sources by fermentation are issued by the Alcohol Tax 
Unit, U.S. Internal Revenue Service. 

^ Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium oleate. Statistics on these oleates are included 
in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

Statistics exclude production and sales of potassium and sodium stearates. Statistics on these stearates are 
included in the section "Surface-Active Agents." 

* Production of urea in primary solution totaled 1,829,338 thousand pounds. 
Incliodes estimated values for sales of urea in nitrogen compounds. 



PART ni. ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INDIVIDUAL PRODUCTS, BY GROUPS, 
AND NAMES OF MANUFACTURERS 

This section of the report consists of (1) a series of tables that supplement the statistical in- 
formation given in parts I and II, and (2) a Directory of Manufacturers. The tables with numbers 
that include the letter "B" supplement the tables in part I or part II with numbers that include the 
letter "A"; for example, table 8B in part III supplements table 8A in part II. 

Each table in part III lists alphabetically the individual items in each group for which data on 
production or sales were reported for 1961. The tables include data on only those chemicals for 
which the volume of production or sales in 1961 exceeded 1,000 pounds or for which the value of 
sales exceeded $1, 000. Where separate statistics for an item are given in the tables in part I or 
part II, an asterisk (*) precedes the name of the item in the tables in part III. The manufacturers 
of each product are indicated by identification codes which are listed in the Directory of Manufac- 
turers (table 2 3). A few companies, however, have specifically requested that they not be identified 
as having produced or sold certain items. These manufacturers are indicated by a small letter "x" 
in the tables. 



Tar Crudes 



TABLE 4B. — Tar crudes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 

identified by manufacturer, 1961 

[Tar crudes for which separate statistics are given in table iA are marked below with an asterisk (*); products not 
so marked do not appear in table "iA because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. Table 23 identifies all U.S. 
producers of tar crudes (except producers that report to the Division of Bituminous Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines)] 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23)-'- 



»Crude light oil 

Light-oil distillates : 

»Benzene, specification and industrial grades 

*Toluene, specification and other grades 

*Xylene, all grades 

*Solvent naphtha 

All other light-oil distillates 

»Pyridine: Crude bases 

^Naphthalene, crude, solidifying at — 

»Less than 74° C 

*^ir° C. to less than 76° C- — 

»76° C. to less than 79° C 

Crude tar-acid oils having a tar-acid content of — 

5%to less than 24-% 

24% to 5135 

Cresylic acid, crude 

»Creosote oil (Dead oil): 

^Distillate as such 

*Creosote in coal-tar solution 

All other distillate products 

»Tar, road 

»Tar for other uses : 

Crude 

Refined 

Pitch of tar: 
*Soft and medium (water softening points less than 
110° F., and 110° F. to 160° F. ). 

»Hard (water softening point above 160° F. ) 

»Pitoh-of-tar coke and pitch emulsion 



CBT, RUR. 

ACP, ACY, COS, KPP. 

ACP, ACY, COS, KPP. 

ACP, ACY, KPP. 

ACY, KPT, NEV, PAl. 

ACP, KPP, NEV, PAI. 

ACP, KPT. 

COP, CRT. 

KPT, NEV, PAI. 

ACP, ACY, ASH, KFT, PRD, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, ACY, COP, RIL. 

ACP, KPT, NEV, RIL, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, PRD. 

ACP, ACY, CBT, COP, CRT, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, HUS, JEN, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, PAI. 

ACP, JEN, KPT, OLC, RIL, TAR. 

KPT, OLC, RIL, TAR. 

ACP, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR. 

ACP, CBT, COP, JEN, KPT, RIL, RUR, TAR, 

ACP, KPT, RIL, TAR. 

JEN, KPT, RIL, TAR. 



^ Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey, 
July 1962, entitled "Coke Producers in 1961." 



658234 O - 62 • 



57 



58 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1960 



Crude Products From Petroleum and Natural Gas for Chemical Conversion 



TABLE 5B. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer. 1961 

[Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which separate statistics are given in 
table 5A are marked below with an asterisk ( *) ; products not so marked do not appear in table 5A because the 
reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown 
below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with 
the designated pr'"'"ctl 



Product 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ARQMATICS AND NAPHTHENES 

*Alkyl aromatics, distillates, and solvents 

*Benzene (except motor grade): 

*Benzene, 1° 

»Benzene, 2° 

*Cresylic acid, crude 

*Naphthenic acids : 

Acid number less than 150 

»Acid number 150-199 

Acid number 200-224- 

*Aoid number 225-24-9 

Sodium carbolate and phenate, crude 

«Toluene : 

*Nitration grade, 1° 

»Pure commercial grade, 2° 

Solvent grade 

All other 

^Xylenes, mixed: 

Aviation grade 

»3° and 5° 

Ml other 

Ml other aromatics and naphthenes 

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS 

Ci hydrocarbon: Methane 

»C2 hydrocarbons: 

^Acetylene 

*Bthane 

»Ethylene 

Cz and C3 hydrocarbons, mixed 

C3 hydrocarbons: 
»Propane 

Propane -propylene mixture 

^Propylene 

*Ci hydrocarbons: 

»1,3-Butadiene, grade for rubbers (elastomers)- 

♦Butadiene and butylene fractions 

• *n-Butane 



ACC, AM), CCP, CSD, DUP, ELF, ENJ, FG, GOC, JCC, CMC, 
PAS, PLC, SM, SNT, VPT, WYN. 

APR, ASH, ATR, CCP, COS, CSD, DLH, DXS, ELP, ENJ, GOC, 
GRS, PLC, PLP, PRO, RIC, SHO, SNT, SOG, STH, SUN, 
VPT, TOC, TX. 

AMO, CO, DOW, SHO, SOC, SOI, UCC. 

AIR, PRD, PRO, RIC, SHO, SOI, UOG. 

SM, SUN, TX. 

ENJ, RIC, SM, SOC, SUN. 

RIC, SM, SOC. 

NOP, RIC, SHO, SM, SOC. 

MR, GOC. 

ASH, ATR, COS, DLH, ENJ, GOC, GRS, LEN, PRO, RIC, SHC, 

SHO, SIN, SNT, SOG, SUN, TOC, VPT. 
CSD, DOW, MON, SHO, SOG. 
ASH, CO, FG, PLP, SOI, TX, UCC. 
DLH, DXS, ELP, ENJ, SOC, SUN, TOC, VEL. 

CSD, SOC, SOG. 

ASH, CCP, DLH, ENJ, PRO, SIN, SNT, SUN. 

AMO, COS, DLH, ELP, ENJ, GRS, SHO, SOC, SOG, SOI, SUN, 

TOC, VPT. 
ENJ, LEN, MON, PLC, SHC, ai. 



CCP, PAN, SOI. 

ACY, DOW, G, MON, PPG, UCC, X. 
CCP, ENJ, PAN, PLC, SHC, SOI, 
CCP, DOW, DUP, EKX, ELP, ENJ, 

PET, PLC, RIC, SHC, SM, SOI, 
ENJ, SM. 

AMO, ASH, CCP, CSD, DLH, DXS, 
PRO, RIC, SHO, SIN, SM, SNT, 
USI. 

ELP, GOC, PLC, TX. 

ACP, ASH, CCP, DOW, EKX, ELP, 
RIC, SHC, SHO, SIN, SM, SOI, 

CPY, DOW, DUP, ELP, ENJ, FRS, 

SM, SOC, TUS, TXB, UCC. 
ACP, DOW, MON, PLC, SHC, SHO, 
CSD, DXS, ELP, OMC, PAN, PLC, 
SOC, SOG, SOI, UCC, USI. 



TX, UCC, USI. 
GOC, JCC, KPP, MON, OMC, 
TX, UCC, USI. 



ENJ, OMC, PAN, PLC, PLP, 
SOG, SOI, UCC, UOC, 



ENJ, JCC, MON, PEI, PLC, 
SUN, TXB, UCC, UOC. 

GGC, PET, PLC, PTT, SHC, 

SIN, SOC. 

PLP, PRO, SHO, SM, SNT, 



CRUDE PRODUCTS FROM PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 



59 



TABLE 5B. — Crude products from petroleum and natural gas for chemical conversion for which 
U^S. production or sales were reported, identified by manufacturer, i 967 —Continued 



Product 



ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS— Continued 

*Ct, hydrocarbons — Continued 
»1-Butene 

2-Butene 

»1-Butene and 2-butene mixture 

»Isobutaiie (2-Methylpropane) 

*Isobutylene (2-Methylpropene) 

All other 

«C5 hydrocarbons: 

Isopentane (2-MBthylbutane) 

Isoprene (2-Methyl-l,3-butadiene) 

n-Pentane 

All other 

Ce hydrocarbons: 

Dilsopropyl (2,3-Dimethylbutane) 

Hexane 

Neohexane (2,2-Dlmethylbutane) 

All other 

C7 hydrocarbons: 

n-Heptane 

Heptenes 

All other 

Cs hydrocarbons: 

»Diisobutylene ( Dilsobutene ) 

n-Octane 

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane (Iso-octane) 

All other 

Ifydrocarbons, C9 and above: 
*l-Dodecene (Tetrapropylene) 

Elcosane 

»Nonene ( Tripropylene ) 

*Polybutene 

Trilsobutylene 

All other 

*ifydrocarbon derivatives : 

tert-Butyl mercaptan (2-Methyl-2-propanethiol)- 

Dl-tert-butyl disulfide 

Ethyl mercaptan (Ethanethiol) 

Isopropyl mercaptan 

Methyl mercaptan (Me thane thiol) 

tert-Octyl mercaptan 

All other - 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ELP, PLC, PTT, TXB. 

PLC, PTT, TXB. 

AMO, CCP, ENJ, GOC, PLC, PRO, PTT, SHO, SOC, SOI, TX, 

TXB. 

CCP, DXS, ELP, QMC, PAN, PLC, SHO, SOI, UCC, USI, x. 

CCP, ENJ, PTT, SIN. 

JCC, OMC, PLC, SM, SOI, UCC, USI. 

CCP, CSD, PLC, SOI, STH. 

ENJ, PLC, SHC. 

PLC. 

ACP, ENJ, PAS, PLC, SOI, USI. 

PLC. 

ENJ, PLC, SOG. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

EKX, ENJ, PLC. 

CSD, ENJ, GOC, SOG. 
PLC. 

ATR, PTT, SHC, TX. 

ENJ, PLC. 

ENJ, PLC. 
PLC. 

ACC, AMO, CO, DXS, ENJ, GOC, MON, RIC, SNT, SOC, SUN, 

TX. 
ATR. 

AMO, ENJ, GOC, 



AMO, ENJ, GOC, RIC, SUN. 

CSD, SOC, SOI, TX. 

ATR, PTT. 

ACC, CO, DXS, EKX, ENJ, GOC, 

PAS, PLC. 



KEN, PLC, SNT, SOC, SOI. 



PAS 

PLC'. 

CSD, 

SOC. 

ACC, 

PLC. 

CSD, EKX, PAS, PLC, SOC. 



PAS, PLC, SOC. 
PAS. 



60 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic Intermediates 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediafes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 



[Cyclic intermediates for which separate statistics are given in table 7A are marked below with an asterisk (*); 
cyclic intermediates not so marked do not appear in table 7A because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies 
that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product. Appendix B lists alpha- 
betically all the important common names of cyclic intermediates usually encountered in the trade and gives the 
corresponding standard (Chemical Abstracts) name under which the manufacturers' identification codes are given in 
this table ] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Aceanthra[2,l-a]aceanthrylene-5,13-dlone 

8-Aoetamido-l-('i-acetamldo-2-hydroxy-5-nltrophenylazo)- 

2-na:^hthol. 
2-Aoetamido-3-chloroanthraqulnone 

*Acetanilide, tech 

Acetic acid, phenylester 

Aoetoacetanilide 

Acetoacet-o-anisidide 

o-Acetoacetotoluidide 

Acetone phenylhydrazone 

p-Acetophenetidide 

Acetophenone , tech 

p-Acetotoluidide 

3-(2-Acetamido-4-ajiiinophenylazo)-l,5-naphthalenedisul- 
f onic acid . 

N-Acetylanthranilic acid 

N-Acetylsulfanilyl chloride 

Alkylbenzene 

a-dl-5-Allyl-6-ijiiino-l-methyl-5-(l-methyl-2-pentynyl)- 
barbituric acid. 

N-Amidinoalanine -• 

Amino-aoeanthra[2,l-a]aoeanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3' -Aminoacetanilide 

M '-Aminoacetanilide (Acetyl -p-phenylenediamine) 

3 '-Amlnoacetophenone 

i '-Aminoaoetophenone 

*5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfoniG acid 

5(and 8) -Amino -8 (and 5)-p-aminophenylazo-2-naphthalene- 

sulfonic acid. 
l-Amlno-4-(3-amino-<4-sulfoanilino)-2-aiithraquinonesulfonic 

acid. 
l-Amino-'i-('i-amino-3-s\ilfoanilino)-2-anthraquinonesiilfonic 

acid. 
1-Amino ( 2-amino-7-sulf o-5-hydroxy-6-naphthylazo) -6-nitro- 

2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid 

»2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Amlno-p-anis amide 

3-Aniino-p-anisanilide 

»l-Amlnoanthraquinone and salt 

»2-Aiiiinoanthraqiilnone and salt 

l-Amino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

l-Amlno-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Ainlno-l-anthraquinonesulfonlc acid 

N-(<t-Aiiiino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(5-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

N-(8-Amino-l-anthraquinonyl)anthranllic acid 

A-Aminoantipyrine 

»6-Amino-3,'i'-azodi(benzenesulfonlc acid) 

8-Aminobenz[a]acridin-7(12H)-one 

»1 -Amino -A-benzamidoanthraquinone 



AHC. 








TRC. 








AHC, 


G. 






EKT, 


MRK, 


SW. 




KF. 








FMP, 


UCC. 






UCC. 








FMP, 


UCC. 






DUP. 








KPC. 








ACP, 


UCC. 






ACY, 


SDH. 






TRC. 








DUP. 








ACY, 


MRK. 






ATR. 








LIL. 








EK. 








AHC. 








TRC. 








DUP, 


G, JTC, 


MAC, TRC 


SDH. 








NES. 








CMG, 


DUP, 


TRC 


, YAW. 


TRC. 









TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, 

ALT, 

G. 

PCW. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

G. 

TRC. 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

SDW. 

CMG, 

NAC. 

ACY, 



NAC. 

CMG, DUP, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 



G, KPC, MEE, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



61 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



l-Amlno-S-'benzamldoanthraqulnone 

6-[p-(p-Aiiiinobenzamido)t>enzamldo]-l-naphthol-3-sulfoiiio 

acid. 
6-(m-Amlnotenzamldo)-l-naphthol-3-sulfom.o acid 

»6-(p-Amlnobenzainido)-l-naphthol-3-siilfonio acid 

2-Aiiilno-p-benzenedisulfonlc acld[S03H=l] 

5-Aiiiino-2(3H)-benzimldazolinone 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, tech 

p-Amlnobenzolc acid, diethylaminoethyl ester 

2-Aiiilno-6-benzothiazoleoarboxyllc aold 

2-(m-Ainlnobenzoyl)-o-acetam.sldlde 

2-Aiiu.no-l-(p-benzylthiophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

5(aiid 8)-Amlno-8(and 5)-bromo-l,6(and l,7)-anthra- 
qulnonedisulfonlc acid. 

»l-Amino-4-bromo-2-anthraqulnonesulfonlc aold and sodium 
salt. 

»2-Amlno-l-broino-3-chloroanthraquinone 

»l-Andno-2-bromo-4-hydroxyanthraqulnone 

l-Aiiilno-4-bromo-2-methylanthraqulnone 

l-Aiiilno-2-bromo-4-(p-toliildlno)aiithraqulnone 

"i-Aminocarvacrol 

*l-Ainlno-5-chloroaiithraquinone 

l-Ainino-5(and 8) -ohloroanthraquinone 

l-Amino-8-chloroanthraqulnone 

2-Aniino-l-chloroanthraquinone 

*2-Ainiiio-3-chloroanthraqxiinone 

^-Amino-b-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonainlde 

2-Amino-5-ohlorobenzophenone 

2-Amlno-6-ohlorobenzothiazole hydrochloride 

2-Amlno-5-chlorobenzoxazole 

»o-(3-Amlno-'4-ohlorobenzoyl)benzolc acid • 

2-Amino-5-chloro-'V-ethylbenzene 

2-Amlno-<<—chlorophenol 

»6-Amino-'4-chloro-l-phenol-2-sulfonlo acid 

3-Ajnino-6-ohloropyridazine 

»2-Amlno-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonio acid [S03H=l] 

»6-Amlno-<i-ohloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2-Amlno-p-cresol 

»l-AiQlno-2,<t-dibroinoanthraqulnone 

4 '-Mino-2 ',5'-dlethoxybenzanlllde 

5-Amlno-2-(2,3-dlhydro-2-oxobenzliiildazol-5-ylamino)- 
benzenesulfonlc acid. 

4'-Ajnino-2',5'-dimethoxybenzanilide 

3-Ainino-N,N-dimethyl-p-toluenesulfonamlde 

2-Amino-3,5-dinltro-N-ethylbenzenesulfonamlde 

3-Amlno-6-ethoxypyridazlne 

3-Aiiilno-9-ethylcarbazole 

p-Amlno-N-ethyl-N-l-naphthylbenz amide 

2-Amlno-N-ethyl-5-nltrobenzenesulfonanlllde 

2-Amlno-5-ethyl-l,3,<i-thladlazole 

3-C2-Amlnoethyl)-2-thlohydantoln 

5-Amlno-8- (p-hydroxyanilino) -2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid- 

l-Amlno-4-hydroxyanthraqulnone 

3-Amino-2-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2-Amino-4-hydroxybenzenearsonio acid 

8-[4-(8-Amino-l-hydroxy-3,6-disulfo-2-naphthylazo)-5- 
methoxy-o-tolylazo]-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonlo acid, 
benzenesulf onate . 
3-Amino-6-hydroxy-2-methylpheDazine (Tolazlne base) 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



AHC, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 
DUP. 

TRC. 

DUP, G, NAC, VPC. 

DUP, MAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

SDW. 

DUP. 

G. 

X. 

TRC. 

AHC, DUP, G, KPC, KAC, TRC. 

AHC, KPC, ma. 

DUP, G, KPC, TRC. 

AHC. 

AHC. 

FIN. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

AHC, G, KPC, MAY. 

ABB, TRC. 

LIL. 

DUP. 

X. 

AHC, G, KPC, MAY. 

ACY. 

G, MEE. 

CMC, G, NAC, TRC. 

ACY. 

ACY, HCC, sue, SW. 

DUP, G, HCC, SW. 

TRC. 

AHC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 

G. 

EKT. 

ACY. 

KPC. 

G. 

G. 

ACY. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

G. 

G, NAC. 

SDW. 

TRC. 



NAC. 



62 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



2-Amino-l' -hydroxy-5 '-nitroacetanilide 

6-Amlno-5 -( 2 -hydroxy -4-nitrophenylazo )-2 -naphthalene - 
sulfonic acid. 

5-Aininoisophthalio acid 

5-Aniino-2-(p-methoxyanilino)benzenesulfonlo acid 

N-(l-Amino-2-methoxy-4-anthraquinonyl )-p-toluene- 

sulfonamide. 
N- ( A -Ainino-3 -me thoxy-1 -anthraquinonyl ) -p -toluene - 
sulfonamide. 

5-Amino-6-meihoxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

m-(4-Amino-3-methoxyphenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

3-Ainino-6-methoxypyridazine 

1 -Amino-2 -me thoxy-4- ( p-toluenesulf onamido ) anthraquinone 

7-(4-Amino-5-methoxy-o-tolylazo)-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic 

acid. 
8 - ( 4-MinG -5 -me thoxy-o -tolylazo ) -1 -naphthol-3 , 6 -di sulf onic 
acid, benzenesulfonate. 

M'-Amino-N-methylacetanilide' 

l-Amino-2-methylanthraquinone 

4 '-Amino-5 '-methyl -m-benzanisidide 

'i-Amino-<i'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)-2,2'- 

stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amlno-5-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-p-toluene- 
sulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-7 -methyl -2 -phenazinol 

2-Amino-N-methyl-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

2-Anino-4.-methylpyrldine 

2-itaino-5-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-6-methylpyridine 

2-Amino-'l--methylpyrimidine (2-Amlno-4-methyldiazine) 

2-Amino-5-methyl-l,3,4-thiadiazole 

l-Amino-2 -methyl -4-(p-toluidino) anthraquinone 

l-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,14-trione 

•4-Amlnonaphth[2,3-o]acridan-5,8,l'i-trlone 

6-Mlnonaphth[2,3-c]acridan-5,8,l'i(13H)trione 

l(and 4)-Aminonaphth[2,3-c]acridine-5,8,14(13H)trione 

*2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonio acid 

»3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Cassella acid) 

3-Amlno-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

4-Amino-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonie acid 

4-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonio acid 

4-Amino-l,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

*6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino I acid) 

«7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (Amino G acid) 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid (o-Naphthionic acid) 

*2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Tobias acid) 

4(and 5)-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonlc acid 

*5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid (Laurent's acid) 

»5-Amlno-2-naphthalenesulfonio acid (1,6-Cleve's acid) 

5(and 8) -Amino-2 -naphthalenesulfonic acid (Cleve's acid, 
mixed). 

■»t6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfanic acid (Broenner's acid) 

6(and 7 )-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

*8-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid (Peri acid) 

*8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid (1,7-Cleve's acid) 



TRC. 






TRC. 






G. 






G. 






G. 






DUP. 






NAG, 


TRC. 




DUP, 


TRC. 




ACY. 






KPC. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






CMG, 


G, NAC. 




AHC, 


DUP. 




G. 






TRC. 






G. 






DUP. 






TRC. 






RIL. 






RIL. 






RIL. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






AHC. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






G. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


SDH, SW. 




G, NAC, TRC. 




TRC. 






NAC. 






DUP. 






BL. 






ACY, 


ALT, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC 


ACY, 


DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 




DUP. 






ACY, 


sue, SW, X. 




ACY, 


TRC. 




DUP, 


G, NAC. 




ALL, 


DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 




ALL, 


DUP, G, NAC. 




KLS, 


NAC, SNA, SW. 




DUP. 






DUP, 


G, NAC, SDC, TRC, 




ALL, 


DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 





CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



63 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

3-Anilno-l,3,6-naphthalenetrlsulfonic acid (Koch's acid)-- 
4-Amino-l,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid, ■4,5-sultam, 
trisodium salt. 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic acid 

5-Amino-l-naphthol 

5-Ainino-2-naphthol 

5(and 8)-Amino-2-naphthol 

*8-Amlno-2-naphthol 

8-Jtaiino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, benzenesulfonate- 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (2R acid), mono- 
sodium salt. 
*8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid (Hacid), 
monosodium salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid (Chicago acid) 
(2S acid), monosodium salt. 

»l-Amino-2-naphthol-i-sulfonic acid (1,2,'i-acid ) 

*6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (J acid), sodium salt- 
*7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Gamma acid), sodium 
salt. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid (S acid), sodium salt- 

3-Amino-5-(m-nitrobenEainido)-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

»2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

»2-Amino-'i-nitrophenol 

2-Amino-5-nitrophenol 

'i-Amino-2-nitrophenol 

6-Amino-'4-nitro-l-phenol-2 -sulfonic acid 

^-2-Amino-l-(p-nitrophenyl)-l,3-propanediol 

4-Amino-4' -nitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-nltrothiazole 

3'-Aminooxanilic acid 

4-'-Aminooxanilic acid 

p-Aminophenethyl alcohol 

5-Amino-2-o-phenetidinobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminophenol 

p-Aminophenol 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2,'i-dlsulfonio acid 

2-Amlno-l-phenol-4-methylsulfone 

»2-Amino-l-phenol-4-sulfonamide 

*2-Amlno-l-phenol-4-sulfonic acid 

a-Aminophenylacetic acid 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonlc acid 

»p-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonlc acid 

7-(4-Aminophenylazo)-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

5-(p-Aminophenylazo) salicylic acid 

2-(p-Aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole 

2 - ( p -Amlnopheny 1 ) -6 -me thy 1-7 -benzothiazolesulf onic acid 
and salt. 
»l-(m-Amlnophenyl )-5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-oarboxylic acid — 

2-Minopyridine 

2-Aminopyrimidlne 

5 -Aminosalicylic acid 

N-('i-Amlno-3-sulfoanthraquinonyl)anthranilic acid 

2-Amino-5-(p-sulfophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid 

2-Aminothiazole 

l-Amino-4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 

DUP, MEE, MAC. 

DUP. 

G. 

NAC. 

SDH. 

G. 

ALL, CMG, DUP, G, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP, MON, NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
ACY, BL, CM3, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 



NAC. 

G. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

NAC. 

VPC. 

CMG, 

PD. 

NAC, 

EKT. 

CMG. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

NAC. 

VPC. 

DUP, 

TRC. 

TRC. 

CMG, 

CWN, 

ICO. 

KPC, 

ACY, 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, 

DUP, 



DUP, NAC, TRC. 
G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



TRC. 
TRC. 



SDC, VPC. 



DUP, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 



CMG, DUP, G, MEE, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



NAC. 
TRC. 



DUP, TRC, VPC. 

NEP, RIL. 

ACY. 

KPC. 

G. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

G, KPC, TRC. 



64 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



l-Aniino-A-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraqulnonesulfonlo 
acid,, sodium salt. 

5-Jtaino-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

M-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [SO-jH=l] 

*6-Ainlno-iii-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

*5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino )benzenesulfonlc acid 

7-(4-Aiiino-o-tolylazo)-l,3-naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid 

7-(4-Amino-o-tolylazo )-l, 5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

A-C-i-Ainino-m-tolylazoi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

N-(4--Amlno-m-tolyl)-p-benzoquinoneiiiiine 

16-Aminovlolanthrone 

*2-Amlno-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [SOgH^l] 

*Aniline (Aniline oil) 

Aniline hydrochloride 

l-Anllino-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

2-Acillinoethanol ( Phenylethanolamine ) 

8-Anilino-5-(p-hydroxyanilino) -1-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

*Anilinomethanesulfonlc acid and salt 

*8-Anillno-l-naphthalenesulfom.c acid (Phenyl peri acid) — 

*6-Anlllno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl J acid) 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid (Phenyl gamma acid).- 

m-Anilinophenol 

o-Anisaldehyde 

Anisic acid 

o-Anlslc acid 

■x-o-Anlsidine 

p-Anlsidine 

o-Anlsldine nitrate 

*o-Anlsldinomethanesulfonlc acid- 

Anlsole, tech 

Anthracene, refined 

Anthraflavlc acid (2,6-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone) 

♦Anthranlllc acid (o-Amlnobenzoic acid) 

Anthranlllc acid, sodium salt 

Anthra [l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one ( J^razoleanthrone ) 

*Anthraqulnone, lOO''" 

2-Anthraqulnonecarboxyllo acid 

N, N '-( 1, 5-Anthraqulnone )dloxamlc acid 

*l,5-Aiithraquinonedisulfonic acid 

1, 5-Anthraqulnonedisulfonlc acid, disodium salt 

*l,5(and 1,8)-Anthraquinonedisulfonio acid and salt 

1,8-Anthraquinonedisulfonlo acid 

»l,8-Anthraquinonedlsulfonlc acid, potassium salt 

*2,6-Anthraquinonedisulfonic acid and salt 

*l-Anthraqulnonesulfonlc acid and salt 

2-Anthraqulnonesulfonlc acid and salt (Silver salt) 

9-( 1-Anthraquinonylamlno ) -3- [5 ( and 8 ) - ( 1-anthra- 
quinonylamlno )-l-anthraquinonylamino ]-7H-benz [de ] - 
anthr ac en-7 -one . 
1, 1' - Cl, 5 ( and 1,8) -Anthraquinonylenediamino]bisnaphth- 
[2,3-o]acrldan-5,8,lA-trione. 

»N, N'-(1,5-Anthraquinonylene)dianthranilio acid 

l-(l-Anthraqulnonyl)-l,2-hydrazinedlsulfonic acid, 
disodium salt. 

*Anthrarufln (1,5-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnoue ) 

Anthrone 



DUP. 

G. 

ACY 

DUP 

DUP' 

TRC 

TRC 

DUP 

dup! 

ACY 

ALT 

ACY 

ACY 

DUP 

UCC 

DUP 

ACY 

CMC 

AIT 

ACY 

G. 

ASL, 

HH. 

ACY 

ALL, 

DUP 

G. 

DUP 

DUP, 

acp! 

DUP 
DOW 
MEE 
DUP 
ACY 

acy' 

G, MEE. 



ACY 
DUP 
AHC 
DUP 
AHC 
ACY 
ACY 
ACY, 
DUp' 



DUP. 



DUP, G, MEE, MAC, SNA. 
NAC, SDH, SW. 
MAC, TRC. 



VPC. 

G, TRC. 

DUP, MAC, SDH, STG, WJ. 

DOW, DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 



DUP, KPC, MEE, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
DUP, G, NAC, SDC. 
CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 
CMG, DUP, NAG. 



DUP, KPC, MON. 
MON. 

G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
GIV, LIL. 

G. 

DUP, MEE, NAC. 

TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 
NAC. 



AHC, DUP, G, TRC. 



CMG, DUP, TRC. 



G, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, MEE, NAC, TRC. 
DUP, KPC. 



ACY, AHC, DUP, TRC. 
DUP. 

ACT, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 
AHC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



65 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Arsanllic acid and salt, tech 

'i','4' "-Azobis [4-bipheiiyloarboxyllc add] 

'4,'i-Azobis[p-phenylbenzoic acid] , 

3,3'-Azoxydianiline 

Barbituric acid 

»Benzaldehyde, tech 1 

Benz amide 

4-(4-Ben2Rm1 do-l-anthraquinonylamino )naphth [2,3-o] acridan- 
5,8,14.-trione. 

l-Benzamido-'i-brcaiioaiithraquinone 

l-Benzami do-4— chloroanthraquinone ^ 

*1-Ben2am1 do-5 -chloroanthraquinone 

l-(4-Benzamldo-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl )-3-(methyl-3- 

(2-sulfethyl )triazone) . 
2-(3-('i-Benzamido-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazoamide) 
[3 - ( "i-Benzamldo-e-methoxy-m-tolyl ) -l-methyltrlazen-3 -yl] - 
acetic acid. 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,5-dlsulfonlc acid 

8-Benzamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlo acid 

3-Ben2amido-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Benzamido-<*-(p-toluenesulfonamido)aiithraquinone 

Benzanilide 

»7H-Benz[de]anthracen-7-one (Benzanthrone) 

m-Benzenedisulfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonamide 

Benzenes\ilfonic acid 

Benzenesulfonic acid, n-propyl ester 

Benzenesulfonyl chloride 

Benzenethiol 

Benzhydrol ( Diphenylmethanol ) 

Benzidine base 

"Benzidine hydrochloride and sulfate 

Benzil (Blbenzoyl) 

Benzlllo acid 

2-Benzofuranacetonltrlle 

♦Benzoic acid, tech 

Benzoin 

Benzonltrile 

l,2,3-Benzotrlazln-A(lH)-one 

IH-Benzotrlazole 

2-Benzoyl-o-acetanisldlde 

Benzoylacetic aold, ethyl ester 

»o-Benzoylbenzoic acid 

Benzoyl chloride 

2-Benzoylpyrldlne 

2-Benzoyl-^-sulfobenzolc acid 

2-Benzoyl-4'-(p-toluenesulfonamido)aoetanlllde 

Benzylamine 

Benzyl disulfide 

Benzylethanolamine 

Benzyl ether (Dlbenzyl ether) 

4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic aold 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluldlne 

A-Benzylldinelmlnoantlpyrlne 

N-Benzylmethylamlne 

p-(Benzyloxy)phenol 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



AHC, ATL, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, PCO, TRC. 



ABB, WHL. 

DUP. 

G. 

VPC. 

KF. 

BPC, HN, TNP. 

MAY. 

DUP. 

KPC. 

DUP, G, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

G. 



G. 
G. 

G. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

ACY, 

KPC. 

NES. 

UPF. 

NES. 

NES. 

EVN. 

HEX. 

NAC. 

OWN, 

Lm. 

BPC, 

EK. 

ACC, 

BPC, 

TNP. 

MEE. 

MEE. 

EK. 

FMP. 

ACY, 

HK, 

RIL. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ICO, 

CCW. 

ms. 

BPC, 
MAC. 
DUP, 
SDW. 
ABB. 
EK. 



FIN, NAC, X. 

UM. 

HK, HN, KLK, MON, TNP. 
LBi. 



DUP, G, NAC. 
TNP. 



MLS. 

TBK. 
NAC. 



66 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Benzyl polysulfide 

Benzyltrlmethyl ammonium hydroxide 

it' ,W ' '-Bi-o-acetoaeetotoluidide 

3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyTazole-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione 

( Pyrazoleanthrone yellow). 

[3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthraoen]-7,7'-dione 

*["4,4'-Bi-7H-benzfde]anthracen]-7,7'-dione 

endo-cis-Bloyclo [2,2,l]hept-5-ene-2,3-dioarboxyllc 

anhydride . 

[l,l'-Blnaphthalene]-8,8'dioarboxylio acid 

Biphenyl 

2,2'-Biquinoline 

»1,4-Bis [l-anthraquincnylamlno]anthraquinone 

Ij'i-Bis fl-anthraqulnonylamino]anthraquinone and 

1 , 4-Bi s [ 5 -chloro- l-anthraq-ulnonylainino] anthraquinone 
(mixed) . 

1,5-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone 

a2 a 6-Bis [5-tert-butyl-6-hydroxy-m-tolyl]mesltol 

N, N'-Bls [l-chloro-2-anthraqulnonyl] -4 ' ,U' ' '-azobls- 

[<i-biphenylcarboxainide] . 

4.,<t'-Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol 

4.,<;'-Bls[dlethylamlno]ben2hydrol, 2,6-naphthalenedl- 

sulf onate . 
4,A'-Bls [dlethylamlno]benzhydrol salt, 2,7-naphthalene- 

disulfonic acid mixture. 

»4,<;'-Bis[dlethylamlno]benzophenone (Ethyl ketone base) 

K- [Bis(p-diethylamlnophenyl)methyl] -2,7-naphthalene- 

dlsulfonio acid, leuco form. 

'i,4.'-Bis[dimethylamlno]benzhydrol (haohler's hydrol) 

*4,4'-Bls[dimethylamlno]benzophenone (Michler's ketone) 

Bis [p-dimethylaminophenyl] methanesulf onlc acid and salt 

1,5-Bls [2,A-dlnitrophenoxy] -'i,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

l,5(and 1,8)-Bis [2,'i-dinitrophenoxy]-4,8(and <i,5)-dl- 

nitroanthraquinone . 

N,n' -Bis [2-hydroxyethyl] aniline 

N, N'-Bls [2 -hydroxys thyl]-m-toluidine 

l,3-Bls[hydroxymethyl] -4-imidazolin-2-one 

4,4'-Bis[p-hydrcxyphenylazo]-2,2'-stilbenedlsulfonic aoid-- 

4,4' -Bis [p-hydroxyphenyl] valeric acid 

Bis [p-nitrophenyl] ether 

Bis [m-phenoxyphenyl] ether 

m-Bis[m-phenoxyphenoxy] benzene 

2-Bromoacetophenone 

o-Bromo aniline 

p-Bromoaniline 

4-Bromoanisole 

«3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one ( Bromobenzanthrone ) 

Bromobenzene , mono 

p-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Bromobenzophenone 

Bromochlorobenzene 

6-Bromo-5-chlorobenzoxazolone 

2-Bromo-6-ohloro-4-nltroaniline 

2-Bromodibenzofuran 

2-Bromo-3 '-hydroxyaoetophenone 

5-Bromolsatin 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



HK. 

MLS. 

SDH. 

DUP, G, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, a, MAI, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

DUP, G. 

DOW, MON, UCC. 

EK. 

ACY, AHC, G, MAY, TRC. 

TRC. 



DUP. 
ACY. 
G. 

G, TRC. 
G. 

DUP. 

DSC, DUP, SDH. 
TRC. 

DSC, DUP, G, SDH. 

DSC, DUP, NAC, SDH. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

TRC. 
TRC. 
MRA. 
TRC. 
JNS. 

X. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

ICO. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

DOW. 

EK. 

ICO. 

DOW. 

MEE. 

KPC. 

G. 

SDH. 

G. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



67 



TABLE 7B. • 



■Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



l-Broino-4-(N-methylacetajnldo)aiithraqulnone — 

l-Bromo-'i-iiiethylamlnoantliraqulnone 

2-Bromo-3-iiiethylanthraquinone — 

3'-Bromo-'4'-methyl-2-biphenylcarboxyllo acid 

6-Bronio-3-iiiethyl-7H-dlbenz [f ,ij] isoquinollne- 
2,7(3H)-dlone. 

1-Bromonaphthalene 

"i-Bromonaphthallo anliydrlde 

2-Bronio-4-'nitroaoetophenone 

l-(9-Bromo-7-oxo-7H-benz [de] anthraoen-3-ylamino) - 
anthraqulnone . - 

m-Bromophenol 

p-Bromophenyl hexyl ether 

p-Bromophenyl methyl sulfide 

2-BromopyTidlne 

3-Bromopyrldine 

a-Bromo toluene 

m-Bromotoluene 

o-Bromotoluene 

p-Bromo toluene 

l-Bromo-2,4,6-triethylbenzene 

N-Butylacetanilide 

p-n-Butylamlnobenzolc acid, ethyl ester 

p-Butylanlline 

2-tert-Buty Ian thraqul none 

n-Butylbenzene 

sec-Butylbenzene 

tert-Butylbenzene 

p-tert-Butylbenzoio acid 

o-(p-tert-Butylbenzoyl)benzoio acid 

6-Butyl-m-cresol [OH=l] - - 

2-tert-Butyl-p-cresol 

2'-tert-Butyl-<»',6'-dimethylacetophenone 

2-tert-Butyl-4-ethylphenol — 

2-tert-Butyl-5-methylanlsole 

o-sec-Butylphenol 

p-sec-Butylphenol 

o-tert-Butylphenol 

p-tert-Butylphenol 

Butylphenols, mixed 

p-tert-Butyltoluene 

5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethylbenzene 

5-tert-Butyl-m-xylene 

Carbazole, refined 

p-(3-Carbazolylamino)phenol 

l-(<;-Carbonyl-o-anisyl)-3-methyl-3-(2-sulfethyl)triazene 

N, N'-Carbonylbis[i4-methoxymetanilic acid] — 

N,N'-Carbonylbis[';-methoxy-6-nitrometanllic acid] 

6^and 2)-Carboxybenzene-2(and 4)-diazo-l-oxide 

5 -(o-Carboxybenzoyl)-2-ohlorooxanilio acid 

3-Carboxy-2(and 4)-hydroxybenzenediazonlum sulfate 

3-Carboxymethyl-l-(';-ohloro-o-tolyl)-3-ethyltriazene 

3-Carboxymethyl-l-(5-ohloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyltria2ene 

o-(Carboxymethylthlo)ben2oio acid 

5-(o-Carboxyphenylsulfamoyl)anthranilic acid 

3-(2-Carboxy-4-sulfophenyl)-l-(2,5-dichlorophenyl)- 
3-ethyltrlazene . 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G. 

DUP, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

G. 

EK. 
G. 

NES. 
DUP. 

EK. 

ABB. 

EVN. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

DUP. 

UCC. 

ICO. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

PLC. 

SHC. 

DUP. 

KPT. 

ACY. 

GIV. 

ACY. 

GIV. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

TNA. 

DOW, 

UCP. 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV. 

SDC. 

DUP. 

G. 

G. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 



KPT, UCP. 



SHC. 



0, 

G. 

G. 

0. 

TRC 

G. 



NAC. 



68 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Chelidamic acid 

Chlorendic acid 

2 '-Chloroacetoacetanilide 

4 '-Chloroaoetophenone 

4-'-(Chloroacetyl)acetanilide 

m-Chloroaniline 

*o-Chloroaniline 

p-Chloroaniline 

2-(Chloroanilino)ethanol 

3-(o-Chloroanilino)proplonitrile 

5-Cliloro-o-anisldine [NH2=1] ( A-Chloro-o-nm' sldine 
[0CH3=1]). 

S-Chloro-o-anisidine hydrochloride 

4-Chloroanthranilio acid 

*l-Chloroanthraquinone 

»2-Chloroanthraquinone 

l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecar'boxylio aoldr 

3-Chloro-2^anthraquinonecarboxylic acid 

*o-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

p-Chlorobenz aldehyde 

Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one (Chlorobenzanthrone) 

»Chlorobenzene, mono 

l-Chlorobenzene-'i-methylsulfone 

A-Chlorobenzenesulfinic acid 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonajnide 

p-Chlorobenzenesulfonlc acid ■ 

"i— Chlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Chlorobenzenethiol 

o-Chlorobenzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzolc acid 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

«o-(p-Chlorobenzoyl) benzoic acid 

p-Chlorobenzoyl chloride 

a - (p-Chlorobenzyl ) -4-diethylaminoethoxy-'i ' -methyl- 
benzhydrol . 

A,4' -(o-Chlorobenzylidene)di-2,5-xylidine 

2-p-Chlorobenzylpyridine 

2'-Chloro-2,'i'-carbonyldibenzoic acid 

2-Chloro-5-(o-carboxyphenylsulfanioyl)benzoic acid 

Chloro-(p-chlorophenyl, phenyl) methane 

2-Chloro-5-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoic acid 

2-Chloro-l,"i-dibutoxy-5-nitrobenzene 

3-Chloro-2,'i-diethoxy aniline 

2-Chloro-l,<i-diethoxy-5-nitrobenzene 

2-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-4-nitro aniline 

N-(3-Chloro-9,10-dihydroxy-2-anthTyl)acetamide-bis [acid 
sulfate] . 

4'-Chloro-2',5'-diiiiethoxyacetoacetanilide 

A-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxy aniline 

5-Chloro-2,<i-dimethoxyaniline 

5-Chloro-4,7-dimethyl-3(2H)-thianaphthenone 

»l-Chloro-2,'4-dinitrobenzene (Dinltroehlorobenzene) 

l-Cliloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and 2-chloro-l,3-dinitrobenzene 
mixture. 

4-Chloro-2,5-dinltro- a,a,a -trlfluorotoluene 

3-Chlorodiphenylajiiine 

Chlorodiphenylme thane 



SDW. 

HK. 

FMP, UCC 

LIL, MEE. 

DUP. 

DUP, G. 

DUP, MON, NAG, VPC. 

DUP, MON. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

BUG, DUP, VPC. 

G. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAG, TRG. 

ACY, G, NAG, TEC. 

DUP. 

G. 

HN, NAG, SDH. 

HN. 

ACY, TRG. 

AGS, DOW, DUP, GGY, HK, HKD, MON, MTO, OMC, PPG. 

TRG. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

G. 

TRG. 

EVN, OTH. 

HN, SDH. 

HN. 

X. 

AHC, DUP, G, NAG, TRG. 
HN. 



G. 

RIL. 

G. 

TRG. 

OPC, TBK. 

TRC. 

G, MEE. 

KPC. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 

PGW. 

PCW. 

G, KLS, PCW. 

NAG. 

DUP, KPC, NAG, SDG. 

DUP. 

MEE. 

SK. 

TBK. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



69 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i56i —Continued 



Chemical 



a-Chloro-o( and/or p)-dodeoyltoluene [CH3=1] 

N-(2-Chloroetl^yl)-N-ethylaiiiline 

2-Chloro-N-ethyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonanillde 

a-Chloro( ethyl) toluene 

4-Chloro-3-hydrazinoben2ene8ulfonlo acid 

4-' -Chloro-2-hydroxy-4-inethoxytienzophenone 

5'-Chloro-3-hydroxy-2-naphthol-o-aiiisidide 

5-Chloro-4-lsopropylmetanilic acid 

4-Chlorometanllic acid 

5-Chlorometanilic add 

»6-Chlorometanillc acid 

5-Chloro-2-methoxybenzenediazoniuni chloride 

N-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo)saxcoslne 

»l-Chloro-2-methylanthraqulnone 

6-Chloro-A-methylbenzo-l,3-thiaza-2-thlonluin chloride 

6-Chloro-2-methyl-7-ohlorosulfamoyl-2H-l,2,A-benzo- 
thladiazln-3('iH)-one, 1,1-dioxide. 

^-(Chloromethyl)-l,2-dlmethylbenzene 

6-Chloro-2-niethyl-7- (N-methylsulfamoyl) -2H-l,2,'i- 
benzothiadlazin-3(4H)-one, 1,1-dloxlde. 

4--Chloro-N-methyl-3-nitrobenzene sulfonamide 

2-Chloro-5-(N-methylsulfamoyl) sulfanilamide 

4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzene- 
sulfonic acid. 

a-Chloro-o-methyltoluene 

a-Chloro-o(and p ) -methyltoluene 

o-Chloro-p-methyltoliiene 

Chloronaphthalenee 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-dleulfonio acid (Chloro H acid) 

9-Chloronaphtho[l,2-t]thiophen-3(2H)-one 

»2-Chloro-4-nitroanillne (o-Chloro-p-nltroanillne) 

«4-Chloro-2-nltroaniline (p-Chloro-o-nltroanillne) 

4-Chloro-2-nltroanlsole 

*1 -Chloro- 5 -nltroanthraqui none 

l-Chloro-5(and 8)-nitroanthraqulnone 

l-Chloro-8-nitroanthraquinone 

»l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene (Chloro-o-nitrobenzene) 

»l-Chloro-2(and 4) -nitrobenzene (Chloronitrobenzenes, o- 
and p-) . 

l-Chloro-3-nltrobenzene ( Chloro -m-nltrobenzene) 

l-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene (Chloro-p-nltrobenzene) 

2-Chloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfonamlde 

«4-Chloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonamlde 

'»-Chloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonanlllde 

»2-Chloro-5-nltrobenzenesulfonlc acid 

*2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

*4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

*4-Chloro-3-nltrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoio acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid 

*o-(4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid 

4-Chloro-2-nltrophenol 

4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid 

4-Chloro-3-nitrophenyl methyl sulfone 

2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene 

2-Chloro-6-nltrotoluene 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



OHO. 

DUP. 

G. 

BPC. 

G. 

ACY 

SDH. 

sw. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

G. 

ATL, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

ABB. 

BPC. 
ABB. 



TRC. 
ABB. 
DUP, G. 



NAC. 
MAC, SW. 

SDH. 

AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



BPC. 

BPC. 

BPC. 

ACY, 

G. 

G. 

ACY, 

DOW, 

DUP, 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

DUP, 



KPT. 



DOW, DUP, sue. 

DUP, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

VPC. 

DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



KPC, M3N. 
KPC, SDC. 



DUP, G, MON, 

DUP, G, KPC, MON. 

KPC. 

DUP, EKT, ICC, KPC, TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, CMG, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

KPC, NAC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, EKT, KPC, TRC. 

TRC. 

PCW. 

AHC, G, KPC, NAC. 

DUP, G. 

G, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 



70 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE ^B. --Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 --Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



A-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene 

4.-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene 

m-Chlorophenol 

o-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenol 

p-Chlorophenylaoetonitrile 

■i-Chloro-ct-phenyl-o-cresol 

4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamine 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

Chlorophenylsilanes 

4-Chlorophthalic acid 

Chlorophthalic anhydride 

N-'--(6-Chloro-3-pyTidazinyl)sulfanilainide 

2-Chloropyridine 

6-Chloroquinaldine 

»2-Chloroquinizarin 

7-Chloro-4-quinolinol 

4.. [(7-Chloro-4-quinolyl )amino] -a-diethylamino-o-cresol 
hydrochloride. 

6-Chloroquinophthalone 

"i-Chlororesorcinol 

2-Chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid 

8-Chloro theophylline 

2-Chlorothiaxanthenone 

m-Chloro toluene 

o-Chlorotoluene 

p-Chlorotoluene 

»a-Chlorotoluene (Benzyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-5-p-toluenesulfonamidoanthraquinone 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l] 

3-Chloro-p-toluidine [NH2=l] 

*4— Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l] and hydrochloride 

*5-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1] (4-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=1]) 

»5-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine sulfate [NH2=J 

N-(5-Chloro-o-tolylazo)sarco3ine 

o-(3-Chloro-p-tolyl)benzoio acid 

4-Chloro-o-tolylethyl xanthate 

("i-Chloro-o-tolylthio )acetic acid 

3-Chloro- a,a,a -trifluoro-6-nitro toluene 

't-Chloro-a,a, a -trifluoro-3-nitro toluene 1 

p-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluorotoluene 

"i-Chloro-a.a.oc-trifluoro-m-toluidine 

Chlorotriphenylmethane 

2-Chloro-p-xylene 

4-Chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonyl chloride 

<4-Chloro-3,5-xylenol 

A-Chloro-2,5-xylylthloacetic acid 

Chrysazin (1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone) 

Cinnamoyl chloride 

s-Collidine (2,4,6-Trimethylpyridine) 

»Cresols : ^ 

m-Cresol 

*o-Cresols : 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

*p-Cresol 

See footnote at end of table. 



DUP, 


KPC. 




DUP. 






EK. 






DOW, 


MON. 




DOW, 


MON. 




TBK. 






FMT. 






TRC. 






SPD. 






DUP, 


SW. 




HK, 


VION. 




ACY. 






FMT, 


NEP. 




DUP. 






AHC, 


HSH, NAG, TRC. 




SDW. 






PD. 






DUP. 






G, KPC. 




TRC. 






MAL. 






KF. 






HK. 






HN. 






HN. 






BPC, 


HK, HN, MON, TNP. 




AHC. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


KPC, NAG, PCW. 




BUG, 


DUP, KPC, NAG, SDH. 




ALL, 


ATL, AUG, BUG, DUP, KLS, SDH 


NAG. 






ATL, 


BUG. 




G. 






G. 






ACY, 


NAG. 




MEE. 






G, KPC, MEE. 




HK. 






KPC. 






EK. 






DUP. 






G, NAG. 




OTA. 






G, NAG. 




DUP, 


G. 




TBK. 






KPT, 


RIL. 




KPT. 






KPT, 


PRD. 




MER, 


PRD, SW. 




ACY, 


HPG, SW. 





CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



71 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Cresols, mixed : ■'■ 
*(m, p)-Cresol: 

»Fram coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*(o,m,p)-Cresol: 

From coal tar 

From petroleum 

2,3-Cresotic acid 

*Cresylic acid, refined i-"- 

*From coal tar 

*From petroleum 

*Curaene 

4- [(2-C!yanoethyl)ethylamino]-o-tolualdehyde 

p-[(2-Cyanoethyl)methylamino]benzaldehyde 

8-Cyano-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

Cyanuric acid (s-Triazene-2,'i, 6-triol) 

*Cyanurlc chloride 

»Cyclohexane 

Ij-i-Cyclohexaiiedicarboxylic acid, dimethyl ester 

1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride 

Cyclohexanol 

Cyclohexanone 

Cyclohexanone oxime 

Cyclohexene 

4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 

■4-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboxyllc anhydride 

*Cyclohexylamine 

Cyclohexyl-2-propanone 

Cyclopentene 

(2-Cyclopenten-l-yl)acetone 

p-Cymene 

Decylbenzene 

1,5 (and l,8)-Diacetamidoanthraquinone 

N.N-Diallylcamphoramic acid 

N',N^-Diallylmelamine 

*l,4-Diamlnoanthraquinone 

1,5-Dlamlnoanthraquinone 

1,5 (and 1,8)-Diaminoanthraquinone 

*2,6-Diaminoanthraquinone 

l,<V-Diamino-2,3-anthraquinonedicarbonitrile 

l,4-Diajnlno-2,3-anthraquinonedicarboximide 

MjS-Diaminoanthrariifin 

3,3'-Dlaminobenzanilide 

3,<4-Diajiilnobenzanilide 

*2,4-DiaininobenzeneEulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid [SOjH^l] 

4,^'-Diamino-2,2'-biphenyldisulfonlc acid 

3,7-Diaminodibenzothiophenedisulfonic acid, 5,5-dioxide, 
disodiura salt. 

l,'»-Dlamino-2,3-dichloroanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Diamino-4.,8(and 4,5 )-dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethj'lacrldine 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine sulfate 

'i,<i'-Diamino-5,5'-dimethyl-2,2 ' biphenyldisulfonic acid 

4,'i'-Diamino-3,3'-dijnethyltriphenylmethane 

See footnote at end of table. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACP, 


KPT, 


PRD. 








MER, 


PIT, 


PRD. 








ACP, 


KPT. 










PIT, 


PRD. 










DOW. 












ACP, 


ACY, 


KPT, 


PRD. 






MER, 


PIT, 


PRD, 


SHO, 


SM. 




ACP, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


PLC, 


SHC 


, SOC, TX. 


DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP, 


G. 










ACY. 












ACY, 


GGY, 


NIL. 








CO, 


DUP, 


EN J, 


GOC, 


PLC, 


PLP. 


DUP. 












NAC. 












CS, 


DOW, 


DUP, 


MON, 


NAC. 




CS, 


DUP, 


NAC. 








NAC, 


X. 










KF, 


PLC. 










CHO. 












NAC. 












ABB, 


EKT, 


MON, 


X. 






TBK, 


GIV. 










PLC. 












LIL. 












GID, 


HNW, 


HPC. 








NAC. 












KPC. 












WYT. 












ACY. 












DUP, 


G, NAC, TRC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


G, TRC. 






ACY, 


KPC. 










ACY, 


AHC, 


DUP, 


G, KPC, 


HAC, TRC, VPC 


DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP, 


G, ICC, NAC. 






TRC. 












DUP. 












DUP, 


G, NAC, TRC. 






TRC. 












TRC. 












ACY. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












DUP. 












KPC, 


TRC. 










ACY. 













72 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE IB. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961— Continued 



Chemical 



5,6-Diaiiilno-l-naphthalenesulfonio acid 

Ij-t-Diamino-S-nltroanthraqiiinone 

2,4.-Diandno-6-pheiiyl-s-triazene 

2,6-Diaminopyridlne 

M,4'-Dlamino-2,2'-stllbenedisulfoiilc acid 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [SOjH;!] 

<i,6-Diainino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

2,'i-Diaminotolylmethylmethane 

l,5-Dianilino-2,6-anthraquinonedicar'boxyliG acid 

»2,i-Dianilino-l-hydroxyantliraquinone 

o-Dianisidine 

l,2-Diantlironyl-l,2-ethanediol 

Dlarylguanidine 

1,5-Dlbenzamidoanthraquinone 

^-jg-Dibenzamido-S'j'ise'jV'-diphthaloylcarbazole 

MjS'-Dlbenzamido-ljl'-lminodlanthraquinone 

5,5'-Dibenzaiiiido-l,l'-lminodianthraqijlnone 

4.,5'-Dibeiizamido-'i'-methoxy-l,l'-iminodianthraquinone 

5',5"-Dibenzamido-l,l',4,l' ' -trianthrimide 

2-Dibenzofuranol 

Dibenzothiophene 

»l,5-Dibenzoylnaphthalene 

l',2 ',6 ',7'-DibenzpyTene-7,14--qulnone 

Dibenzylamine 

N, N'-Dibenzylethylenediamine 

NjN'-Dibenzylethylenediamine diacetate 

2,4'-Dibromoacetophenone 

»3,9-Dibromo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one 

m-Dibromobenzene 

o-Dibromobenzene 

p-Dibromobenzene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol 

2,6-Dibromo-4-nitrophenol 

X,Y-Dibromothlanthrene 

p-Dibuto3!ybenzene 

l,4-Dibutoxy-2-morphollno-5-nitrobenzene 

2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol 

»2,5-Dichloroaniline and hydrochloride [NH2=1] 

3,4-Dlchloroaniline 

»l,5-Dichloroanthraqulnone 

l,5(and l,8)-Dichloroanthraqulnone 

»l,8-Dlchloroanthraquinone 

4,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid 

3-(3,4-Dichlorobenzamido)-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one 

m-Dichlorobenzene 

*o-Dlchlorobenzene 

o(and p)-Dichlorobenzene 

«p-Dichlorobenzene 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G. 

G. 

RH, TNP. 

NEP, RIL. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

G. 

NAG. 

VPC. 

G, NAC. 

AHC, G, TRC. 

ALL. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

G, TRC. 

AHC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

ACY. 

G. 

AHC. 

G. 

Era. 

AHC, DUP, G, HST, KPC, TRC. 

AHC. 

MLS. 

¥YT. 

WYT. 

EK. 

AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

EK. 

EK. 

DOW. 

EK. 

MEE. 

TRC. 

MEE. 

X. 

DOW. 

ALL, DUP, NAC, SDH, VPC. 

DUP, MON. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, NAC, ' 

AHC, DUP, NAC. 

AHC, G, TRC 

G. 

EK. 

EK. 

ACS, CPD, DOW, 

r/lY, HKD. 



»3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base and salts 

2,'i-Dichlorobenzoic acid 

2,'i-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride 

2,3-Dichloro-5,6-dlcyanobenzoq\ainone 

8,l8-Dichloro-5,15-diethyl-5,15-dihydroindolo(3,2-b:3',2'-m) 
triphenodioxazine . 

Dichlorodiphenylsilane 

2',7'-Dichlorofluoresceln 



TRC. 



EK. 

EK. 

ACS, CPD, DOW, DUP, DVC, MON, OMC, PPG, SCC, SVT, WOI 

GGY, HKD. 

ACS, CPD, DOW, DUP, DVC, HK, MON, MTO, PPG, SCC, SVT, 

WOI. 
ALL, CWN, KI^, NAC, SDH, x. 
HN. 



HN 
HN. 
LIL. 
KPC. 



DCC, UCS. 



EK 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



73 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i— Continued 



Chemical 



2,5-Diohloro-<i-hydrazinotenzenesulfonio acid 

7,16-Dichloroindanthrene 

Diohloroisoviolanthrone 

^,4'-Diohloro-a-methylbenzhydrol 

»2,5-Dichloro-A-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 
sulfonlc acid. 

Dichloromethylphenylsilane 

»2,6-Dichloro-4-nitroaniline 

l,2-Diohloro-4-nitrobenzene 

*l,4-Dichloro-2-nitrobenzene (Nitro-p-diohlorobenzene) 

2,4-Dichlorophenol 

3,6-Dichloropyridazine 

4,7-Dichloroqulnoline 

*2,5-Dichlorosulfanilio acid [S03H=1] 

2,5-Dioliloro-A-sulfobenzenediazonium sulfate 

p,cc-Dichloro toluene 

a ,a -Dichlorotoluene (Benzal chloride) 

2,6-Dichlorotoluene 

2,4-Dichloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonaiiiido)-l-naphthol 

Dicyclohexylamine 

Dioyclohexyl-carbodlimide 

»Dicyclopentadiene and cyclopentadlene 

Dicyclopentadiene dioxide 

2,4-Di(l,l-dimethylpropyljphenol (Di-tert-amylphenol) 

2, 5-Diethoxy aniline 

2',5'-Diethoxybenzanilide 

p-Diethoxybenzene 

l,4-Diethoxy-2-morpholino-5-nitrobenzene 

2',5'-Diethoxy-4' -nitrobenzanilide 

l,4-Diethoxy-2-nltrobenzene 

p-Diethylamlnobenzaldehyde 

4-Diethylaminoethoxy-4' -methylbenzophenone 

a -(2-Diethylaiiilnoethyl) -a-phenylcyclohexane methanol, 
hydrochloride . 

a -Diethylamino-4' -hydroxy-m-acetotoluidide 

m-Diethylaminophenol (N,N-Diethyl-3-aminophenol) 

3-Diethylaminopropiophenone 

4-Diethylamlno-o-tolualdehyde 

»N,N-Diethylaniline 

N,N-Dlethyl-m-anisidine 

Diethylbenzene 

N,N-Dlethyloyclohexylamine 

N.N-Diethylmetanilic acid 

N ,N-^-Diethyl-4-methoxymetanilamide 

N,N-Diethyl-l-naphthylamlne 

N,N-Dlethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-anlsidlne hydrochloride 

N,N-Diethyl-4-nitroso-m-phenetidine 

N,N-Diethyl-m-phenetidine 

NjN-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamlne 

N,N-Diethyl-m-toluldine 

6,15-Dihydroanthraquinonazine 

2,3-Dihydro-4H-pyTan 

l,5(and l,8)-Dihydroxyanthraquinone 

3,4-Dihydroxybenzoio acid 

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone 

Dihydroxydinitroanthraquinone 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G. 

AHC. 

AHC. 

HEX. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G,,TRG, VPC. 



EiCT, G, KPO. 

MON. 

G, KPC, MAC, VPC. 

MON. 



DCC. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

DOW, 

ACY. 

SDW. 

CMG, DUP, G. 

TRC. 

HN. 

HK. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ABB, MON. 

KK. 

EN J, SHC, UCC. 

UCC. 

PAS. 

ALL. 

G. 

G. 

X. 

G. 
G. 
G, NAC. 

X. 

ACY. 

PD. 

ACY, DUP. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, NAC, SDH. 

DUP. 

DOW, KPP. 

DUP. 

DUP, G. 

G, PCW. 

DUP. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP, NAC. 

TRC. 

ftKO. 

DUP, NAC. 

AMB. 

EK. 

DUP. 



658234 O - 62 ■ 



74 



TABLE 7B. ■ 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

■ Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i 96i —Continued 



Chemical 



l,5-Dihydroxy-4,8-dinitroanthraquinone 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-'i-methoxybenzophenone 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonio acid (Chromotropic 

acid) . 

•6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2,2'-Dihydroxy-i-(octadecyloxy)benzophenone 

Dihydroxyphenylsulfonic acid 

»16,17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone (Dihydroxydibenzanthrone) 

N,N'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine 

2',4'-Diniethoxyacetophenone 

2,5-Dimethoxyaniline 

2,5-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

2',5'-Dimethoxybenzanilide 

«in-Dimethoxybenzene 

p-Dimethoxy benzene 

»3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 

3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine hydrochloride 

2,A-Dimethoxybenzoic acid . " 

l,l-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,'i'-biphenylene)bis [3-methyl-3-(2- 
sulfoethyl)triazene] . 

l,'i-Diiiiethoxy-2-nitrobenzene 

3,4-Dimethoxyphenethylaiiiine ( Homoveratry lamine ) 

( 3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid 

(3,'i-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetonitrile 

16,17-Diniethoxyviolanthrone 

p-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde 

o -Dime thy laminoethylphenol 

2 - [ ( 2 -Dime thy laminoethyl ) thenylamino] pyridine ( non- 

medicinal grade). 
o-(Dimethylaminomethyl)-p-butylphenol 

m-Dimethylaminophenol 

N-(p-Dimethylaminophenyl)-l,4-naphthoquinoneimine 

6-Dimethylaminoquinaldine 

»N,N-Dimethylaniline 

7,12-Dimethylbenz [a] anthracene 

N,N-Dimethylbenzylamine 

»2,2'-Dimethyl-l,l'-bianthraquinone 

2,';-Di(l-methylbutyl)phenol 

5,5-Dimethyl-l,3-cyclohexanedione 

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 

2 ',7'-Diinethylfluoran 

Dimethylhydantoin 

2,8-Dimethyl-13f!-hydroxy-9(13g)-ceroxe!none 

2,3-Dimethylindole 

■»N,N-Dimethyl-p-nitrosoanlline 

N,N-Dimethyl-3-nitro-p-toluenesulfonamide 

a,a-Dimethylphenethylamine 

a, a -Dimethylphene thy lamine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine monohydroohloride 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

2,5-Dimethyl-l-phenylpyrrole 

2, 5-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrrolecarboxy aldehyde 

1,4-Dimethylpiperazine 

p-(l,l-Dimethylpropyl)phenol 

N,N-Dlmethylsulfanllic acid 



Maniif acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC. 
ACY. 
HSH, 

FMT, 

ACY. 

WTU. 

ACY, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EKT, 

CWN. 

G. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

ALL, 

CWN. 

ACY, 

G. 

EKT. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

AHC, 

FIN. 

RH. 

ABB. 

RH. 
ACY. 

NAC. 

EK. 

ACY, 

EK. 

ICO, 

ACY, 

PAS. 

EKT. 

DUP, 

WLM. 

GLY. 

wm. 

DUP. 
ACY, 
G. 
x. 

X. 

NAC. 

EK. 

EK. 

X. 
X. 

JCC. 
PAS. 
G. 



NAC. 

G, IDC, NAC. 

AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

KLS. 



DUP, G, ICO, KPC. 

G. 

CWN, DUP, NAC, SDH. 

DUP. 



KPC, MAY, TRC. 



DSC, DUP, NAC, SDH. 

MLS, RH. 

AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



MDN. 



DUP, NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



75 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i —Continued 



Chemical 



2,4-Diid.troaiilline 

p-( 2, "t-Dlnltroanilino) phenol 

l,5(and l,8)-Dinltroaiithraquinone 

2,<i-Dinitro-N,N'-(l,5-anthraquinone)dloxamlo acid 

3,^'-Dinitrobenzanilide 

m-Dinitrobenzene 

2,4-Dinltrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid 

3,5-Dinitrobenzoyl chloride 

Dinitro(3,3'-bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione 

«4,5-Dinitrochrysazin 

2,'i-Dinitrocuiiiene 

4,<i'-Dinitrodibenzyl-2,2'-disulfonio acid, disodium salt— 
3',5'-Dinitro-2' -hydroxyacetanilide 

»2,4-Dinitrophenol, tech 

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine 

3,5-Dinitrosalicylic acid - 

p-Dinitrosobenzene 

»4,4'-Dinitro-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid 

2,'4-Dlnitrotoluene 

2,4-(and 2,6)-Dinitrotoluene 

3,5-Dinitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

Dipentene 

»l,5-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

l,5(and l,8)-Diphenoxyanthraquinone 

1,8-Diphenoxyaiithraquinone 

Diphenylacetic acid 

Diphenylaoetonitrlle, tech 

Diphenylamine 

6,8-Diphenylaiiiino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2,8-Tiiphenylanthraquinone-l' (S)2',5' (S)6'-dithiazole 

Diphenylcarbamoyl chloride 

a-d-l,2-Diphenyl-'i-diinethylamlno-2-hydroxy-3-methylbutane, 
camphor sulfonate. 

N,N '-Diphenylethylenediamine 

2,5-Diphenyloxazole 

l,3-Diphenyl-l,3-propanedione 

1,3-Diphenyltriazene 

2,5-Dithiobiurea 

Dithiodibenzoic acid , 

*l,'i-Di(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

l,5-Di(p-toluidlno)anthraquinone 

l,8-Di(p-toluidinojanthraquinone 

Divinylbenzene 

l,3-Di-2,6-xylylguanidine 

»Dodecylbenzene (includes keryl-type benzenes) 

Dodecylmethylbenzene 

Dodecylmethylbenzyl chloride 

Dodecylphenol 

Ethanediylidenetetraphenol ( Tetraphenolethane ) 

o-Ethoxybenzoio acid 

(o-Ethoxy benzoyl )acetonltrile 

6-Ethoxy-2-mercaptobenzothiazole 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene 

N -(6-Ethoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

3-Ethylamino-p-cresol 

3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY, KPC. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

ACY, KPC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, NAC. 

G, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, GAM. 

EK. 

DUP, MAY. 

AHC, DUP, EKT, G. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

DUP, KPC, NAC, SDC. 

EK. 

EK. 

FIN. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, SDH, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

G. 

GLD, HNW. 

AHC, DUP, G. 

DUP. 

AHC, EKT, G. 

BPC. 

KF. 

ACY, DOW, DUP. 

NAC. 

AHC. 

EK. 

LIL. 



DUP, RFC. 

EK. 

EK. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

MEE. 

AHC, CMG, G, NAC, TRC. 

AHC. 

AHC. 

DOW, KPP. 

ACY. 

ATR, CO, MON, NAC, SOC. 

RH. 

RH. 

G, RH, X. 

SHC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP. 



76 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



»N-Ethylanlllne, refined 

»2-(N-Ethylanilino)ethanol 

[ 2- (N-Ethylani lino) ethyl] trimethylnmninnium chloride 

(N-Ethylaiiilino)propionltrile 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-m-toluenesulfonlo acid 

»a-(N-Ethylanilino) -p-toluenesulfonlc acid 

N-Ethyl-p-anisldlne 

N-Ethylanthranilic acid 

2-Ethylanthraqulnone 

*Ethylbenzene 

o-(p-Ethylbenzoyl)l>enzoic acid 

N-Ethylcyclohexen-l-ylamlne 

l-Ethyl-2,4-dinitrobenzene 

2-Ethyl-2-N-ethylanllinoethanol 

N-Ethyl-1-naphthylamine 

N-Ethyl-N-1-naphthyl-p-nitrobenzamide, ethanol 

9-Ethyl-3-nitrooarbazole 

Ethyl p -oxoaraohidate 

p-Ethylphenol 

»N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylaiiiine 

2-Ethyl-2-phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester 

l-(o-Ethylphenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

5-Ethyl-2-picoline (2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine) (MEP) 

N-Ethyl-5-sulfoanthranilio acid 

6-Ethyl-l,l,4,<i-tetrainethyl-l,2,3,A-tetrahydronaphthalene 

N-Ethyl-m-toluidine — - - — - 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidlne 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidlnc)-l,2-propanediol 

3-(N-Ethyl-m-toluidino)propionltrile ^, 

a-(N-Ethyl-m-toluldino)-iii-toluenesiilfonic acid 

1-Ethynylcyclohexanol 

Fluoren-9-one 

l-Fluoro-2,'i-dinitrobenzene 

■4-Forniyl-m-benzenediEiilfonic acid 

m-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

■Ho-Formylbenzenesulfonlc acid (o-Sulfobenzaldehyde) 

Fur an 

Furfuryl alcohol 

Glyoouril 

Hexachlorobenzene 

Hexachlorocyolopentadiene 

Hexaohlorophenyl ether 

Hexamethylbenzene 

2, 2', 4, 4', 6, 6 '-Hexanitrodiphenylamine 

»p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Hydrazino-5-nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l] 

4-Hydrazlno-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Hydroabietyl alcohol 

Hydrobenz amide 

Hydroquinone , tech 

2 '-Hydroxyacetophenone 

3'-Hydroxyacetophenone 

"i ' -Hydroxyacetophenone 

3' -Hydroxyacetophenone benzoate 

1 -Hydroxy anthraquinone 

N-(3-Hydroxy-2-anthraqulnonyl)-l-nltro-2-anthraquinone 
carboxamide. 



ACY, DUP, NAC, SDH. 

DUP, EKT, TRC. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

G, ICC, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC, WJ. 

EKT. 

G, SDH. 

NAC. 

ACP, DOW, FG, KPP, MDN, SHC, SNT, TOC, UCC. 

G, NAC. 

MLS. 

DUP. 

RBC. 

nSC, DUP, NAC. 

G. 

KPC. 

x. 

ACY. 

DUP, NAC, SDH. 

BPC, MAL. 

TRC. 

UCC. 

G, SDH. 

GIV. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

DUP, EKT. 

DUP. 

AIR. 

EK. 

EK. 

G, SDH. 

G. 

G, ICC, NAC, SDH, VPC. 

DUP. 

OKO. 

FIN. 

DA, KPT, sec. 

HK, VEL. 

DOW. 

EK. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, G, SDH, STG. 

WJ. 

G. 

HPC. 

DUP. 

CaS, EKT. 

KF, PRR. 

SDH. 

PRR. 

SDH. 

TRC. 

G. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



77 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



3-Hydroxy-2-anthroic acid 

2^Hydroxy-llH-benzo[a]carbazole-3-carboxylic acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoio acid 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, butyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester 

4-Hydroxyooumarin 

3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)propionltrile 

3-(N-2-Hydroxyethylanilino)proplonltrile acetate 

N*-p-Hydroxyethyl-o-toluidine 

2-Hydroxy-a-'-,a^-mesitylenediol 

2-Hydroxy-<i-methoxybenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-'*-methoxy-5-sulfobenzophenone trihydrate 

<i-Hydroxy-^'-methylbenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylcinchoninic acid 

3-Hydroxy-2-methylcinchoninio acid 

N-Hydroxymethylphthalamide 

7-Hydroxy-l-naphthalenecarbamic acid, methyl eeter 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthanilide 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-l-naphthoic acid 

«3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (B.O.N.) 

l-Hydroxy-2-naphtholc acid, phenyl ester 

3-Hydroxy-3-naphtho-o-toluidide 

N-(2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamide 

*N-(7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl)acetamlde 

2-Hydroxy-4.-n-octoxybenzophenone 

2-Hydroxy-'4-sulfo-l-naphthalenediazonium hydroxide, inner 

salt. 
■4-Tm1 dazolin-2-one 

*1,1' -Tmi nobis [4--aminoanthr aquinone ] 

l,l'-Iminobis['i-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

1,1 '-Ilninobls[5-benzamidoanthraquinone] 

«6,6'-Imlnobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] 

»1,1 '-Iminobls[<i-nitroanthraq\unone] 

»1,1 '-Iminodlanthraquinone (Dianthrimide) 

2,2'-Iminodipyridine 

1,3-Indandione 

1-Indanone 

1-Iodonaphthalene 

Isatin 

Isatoic anhydride 

Isooyanlc acid, 3,3'-dlmethoxy-i,4-'-biphenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3' -dimethyl -4, 4'-biphenylene ester 

Isooyanic acid, 'i-(p-isocyanatophenoxy)-m-phenylene ester- 
Isocyanic acid, methylenebls[m-methyl-p-phenylene ester]-- 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester 

♦Isocyanic acid, A-methyl-m-phenylene ester 

Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester 

Isocyanic acid, polymethylene-polyphenylene ester 

Isooyanlc acid, m-tolylene ester 

Isoniootinic acid, methyl ester 

Isonitrosopropiophenone 

Isophorone 

Isophthallc acid (1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic acid) 

«4,'i'-Isopropylldenediphenol (Bisphenol A) 



G. 

G. 

HH. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

HN. 

ABB. 

ICC. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

x. 

G. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

TEC. 

PCW. 

G, NAC. 

BL. 

AUG, DUP, HN, NAC, PCW, SW. 

EK. 

KPC. 

TRC. 

CMG, G, TRC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 



MRA. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

AHC, 

DUP, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

RIL. 

PIC. 

EK. 

EK. 

NAC. 

MEE. 

CWN. 

CWN, 

DUP. 

NAC. 

MDB, 

DUP, 

ore. 

CWN. 

arc. 

RIL. 
ICO. 

ucc. 

ACC, 
DOW, 



AHC, CMG, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

MAY. 

G, TRC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, DUP, MAY, TRC. 

AHC, CMG, DUP, MAY, NAC, TRC. 



NAC. 



NAC. 



3, NAC. 



SOC. 
M3N, SHC. 



78 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 --Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



o-Isopropylphenol 

4-Isopropyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Isothiocyanic acid, phenyl ester 

»Isoviolanthrone (Isodibenzanthrone) 

»Leuoo-l,4-diaminoanthraquinone 

»Leuco quinizarin (1,4,9,10-Anthratetrol) 

*Leuco tetrahydroxyanthraqulnone 

2,<i-Lutidine 

2,6-Lutldine 

Mandelonltrlle 

Melamlne 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid 

«Metanllic acid (m-Amlnobenzenesulfonic acid) 

1-Methoxyanthraqulnone 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid 

N-(2-Methoxy-l-naphthyl)acetamlde 

A-Jfethoxy-3-nitrobenzanlllde 

'V-Methoxy-6-nitrometanllio acid 

p-(3-Methoxy-^-nitrophenylazo) aniline 

p-Methoxyphenylaoetio acid 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine (m-Diaminoanisole) 

5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine sulfate 

"i ' -Methoxypropiophenone 

N'''-(6-Methoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide 

l-(6-Methoxy-iii-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-(D-gluco-2,3,4,5,6- 
pentahydroxyhexyl ) triazene . 

»l-Methylamlnoanthraquinone 

l-Methylamino-4-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone 

N-Methylaniline 

2-(N-Methylanilino)ethanol 

3-(N-Methylanilino)propionitrile 

5-Methyl-o-anlsidine [NHa^l] 

N-Methylanthranilic acid 

2-Methylanthraquinone 

l-(3-Methyl-2-anthraqulnonylamino)-5-(7-oxo-7H- 
benz[de ] -anthracen-3-ylamino) anthraqulnone . 

3-Methylbenzo[f ]quinoline 

2-Methylbenzothiazole 

3-Methylbenzo[f ]quinoline-8,10-disulfonic acid 

N-Methylbenzylamlne 

Methyl benzyl ether 

3-Methylcholanthrene 

Methylcyolohexane 

Methylcyclohexenes, mixed 

N-Methylcyolohexylamine 

N -Methylene aniline 

"IjA'-Methylenebis [2-chloroaniline ] 

•";,4'-Methylenebis[N,N-diethylaniline] 

«4,<i'-MethylenebiB[N,N-dimethylaniline ] (Methane base) 

5,5 '-Methylenebls[toluene-2,'i-diaiiiine ] 

Methylenedlanlline 

Methylenedisalicylio acid 

l-Methyl-2-heptadecylbenzimidazole 

Methylnaphthalene , crude 

2-Methylnaphthalene 

N-Methyl-4.'-nitroacetanilide 



TNA. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, ICC, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, HSH, ICC, KPC, MAC, TRC. 

G, ICC, TRC. 

ACP, KPT. 

RIL. 

KF. 

ACY, RCI. 

MED. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G, MAC, TRC. 

G. 

ATL, G, PCO, VPC. 

TRC. 

PCW. 

DUP. 

KPC. 

OPC, TBK. 

VPC. 

VPC. 

LIL. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, G, KPC. 

G. 

ACY, DUP. 

G. 

DUP. 

BUC, DUP, TRC. 

G. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY, G. 

G. 

DUP. 

MI£. 

UCC. 

EK. 

DOW, PLC. 

PLC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DSC, DUP, G, SDH, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, G, KLK, NAC, SDH. 

DUP, NAC. 

ACY, DOW, NAC. 

HN. 

TRC. 

KPT, VEL. 

RIL. 

G, NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



79 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



N-Methyl-p-nltro aniline 

'i-Methyl-2-nitroanisole 

N-(5-Methyl-'>-nitro-o-anlsyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide 

»2-Methyl-l-nitroanthraquinone 

N-Methyl-2-nitro-l-phenol-A-sulfonaniide 

N-Methyl-N-nitroso-p-toluenesulfonamide 

2-Methyl-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylio anhydride 

m-{3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonaaiide 

m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

*p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic acid 

3 - ( 3-Methyl- 5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl) -1 , 5-naphthalene - 

dlsulfonic acid. 
4.-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl) -m-toluenesulfonic acid 
[SO3 H=l] . 

1-Methyl-l-phenylhydrazine 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-isoxaldecarboxylic acid (crude) 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-^-isoxazolecarboxylic acid 

5-Methyl-3-phenyl-'i-isoxazolecarboxylic acid hydrochloride- 

»3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoUn-5-one (Developer Z) 

Methylpropylcarbinylbarbituric acid 

'i'-('i-Methyl-2-pyrijnidinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide 

1-Methylpyrrole ■ 

»a-Methylstyrene 

2-Methylsulfonyl-'+-nitro aniline 

4-(Methylsulfonyl}-2-nitrophenol 

Methyltetrahydrobenzaldehyde 

5-Methyl-p-tolueneaulfon-o-anisidide 

3-Methyl-6-(p-toluidino)-7H-dibenz[f ,ij]isoquinoline- 
2,7(3H)-dione. 

3-Methyl-l-(p-tolyl)-2-pyrazolln-5-one 

e'-Methyl-A'-p-tolylsulfonamido-m-benzanisidide 

Naphth[2,3-C]acridine-5,8,U(13H)trione — 

^Naphthalene, solidifying at 79° C. or above (refined flake): 

»From domestic crude naphthalene 

»From imported crude naphthalene 

1,3-Naphthalenediol 

1,5-Naphthalenediol (1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene) 

*l,5-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

2,7-Naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

1-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfom.c acid 

2-Naphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride 

1,'4,5,8-Naphthalenetetracarboxylic acid 

1,3,6-Naphthalenetrisulfonic acid 

Naphthalic anhydride 

Naphthalimide 

»Naphthionic acid (4.-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

Naphthionic acid, sodium salt 

1-Naphthol (a-Naphthol) 

2-Naphthol, tech. (p-Naphthol)--- 

p-Naphtholbenzein 

l-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, monosodium salt 

l-Naphthol-3,8-dlsulfonic acid 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid (R acid) 

2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid, disodium salt 



G. 






DUP. 






G. 






AHG, 


DUP, 


G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 


TRC. 






EK. 






NAG. 






CMG, 


TRC. 




TRC. 






ACY, 


ALT, 


CMG, DUP, G, KPC, TRC 


TRC. 






CMG. 






EK. 






BPC. 






ICO. 






ICO. 






DOW, 


DUP, 


NAC, SDW, TRC, VPC. 


LIL. 






ACY. 






ASL. 






ACP, 


DOW, 


HPC. 


EKT. 






TRC. 






UCC. 






G. 






G. 






VPC. 






G. 






DUP. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


KPT, RIL, STN, SW. 


ACP, 


ACY, 


KPT, SW. 


EK. 






NAG. 






G, NAG, TRC. 


DUP, 


NAC. 




TRC. 






ACY, 


NAC. 




ACY. 






DUP, 


G. 




G, KPC. 




G, TRC. 




DUP, 


NAC. 




DUP, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


DUP, 


NAC. 




DUP, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


NAC, 


SW. 


EK. 






MAC, 


TRC. 




NAC. 






ATL. 






ACY, 


G, NAC, WJ. 



80 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



»2-Naplithol-6,8-disulfonic acid (G acid) 

2-Naphtlpl-6,8-disulfonlc acldj dipotaesium salt 

*2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid, dlsodlum salt 

2 -Naphthol-6-sulf onnml de 

2-Naphthol-6-aulfonamide, p-toluenesulfonate 

l-Naphtliol-2-sulfonic acid, potassium salt 

l-Naphthol -4 -sulfonic acid (Nevile & Winther's acid) 

l-'Naphthol-5-sulfonlo acid 

l-Napht'hol-S-sulfonlc acid 

»2-Naphttiol-6-sulfonlc acid (Schaeffer's acid) 

«2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthol-7-sulfonlc acid 

»l-Naplithol-8-sulfonlc acid sultohe (1,8-NaphthoBUltone) 

Iji-Naphthoqulnone 

Naphthostyri 1 ; 

*Naphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonlc acid 

1-Naphthylamlne (a-Naphthylamine) 

2-Naphthylamine (P -Naphthylamlne ) 

p-2-Naphthylamiiiophenol (N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) -2-naphthyl- 
amine). 

<<2-(Naplithyltlilo) acetic acid t 

»Nicotlnonitrile (3-Cyanopyridine) 

Nitro-aoeanthra[2,l-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione 

3' -Nitroacetanilide-- 

4' -Nitroacetanllide 

4' -Nitro-o-acetanisldlde 

2-Nitro-p-acetaiiisidlde 

3 ' -Nitroaoetophenone 

4' -Nitroacetophenone 

5'-Nitro-o-acetotoluldlde 

*m-Nitroan1 line 

o-Nitroanillne 

p-Nitroaniline 

3-Nitro-p-aiiisamlde 

2-Nltro-p-anlsldine [ NH2=l] 

«4-Nitro-o-aiilsldine [ NH2=l] 

»5-Nitro-o-aiiisidine [ NH2=1] 

5-Nitro-o-anisldine sulfate [ NH2= 1] - 

o-Nitroanlsole 

p-Nltroanisole 

1-Nltroanthraquinone 

1' -Nitroanthraqulnone-2 '-carboxyamlnoaceantlira[2,l-a]- 
ace anthrylene -5,13 -dione . 

*l-Nitro-2-anthraqulnonecarboxylic acid 

*5-Nitro-l-anthraqulnonesulfonic acid 

5(and 8)-Nitro-l-aiithraq.\ilnonesulfonic acid 

8-Nltro-l-anthraqulnonesulfonlo acid 

8-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulfonlo acid, sodium salt 

2-(l-Nitro-2-anthraqulnonyl)aiitlira[2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione- 

m-Nltrobenzaldehyde 

6-[p-(p-Nitrobenzamldo)benzamido]-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic 
acid. 

6-(m-Nitrobenzaiiildo)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid 

5-(p-Nitrobenzamldo) -l-naphtliol-3-sulfonic acid 

4'-Nltrobenzanlllde 

^Nitrobenzene 



ATL, DUP, TRC. 

G. 

ACY, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC, TRC. 

G, VPC. 

ACY, NAC, TRC. 

SW, TMS, WJ. 

DUP, SW. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, TRC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

AUG, KLS. 

G, NAC. 

ACY, G, KPC, VPC. 

von, NEP, RIL. 

AHC. 

KPC, TRC. 

G, MDN, TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP, SDH. 

ACY, SDH. 

NES. 

DUP. 

AUG, ACY, DUP, NAC, TRC. 

KPC, MDN. 

KPC, MDN, SDC. 

G. 

DUP, G. 

DUP, KPC, SDH. 

ACY, AUG, BUG, DUP, G, KLS. 

DUP. 

DUP, MDN. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

AHC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G, ma, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

NAC, TRC. 

DUP, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

DUP, SDH, NAC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

G. 

ACY, DUP, G, MDN, NAC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



81 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



m-Nitrobenzenesiilfonamide 

■Km-Nitrotenzenesulfonlc acid 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonio acid 

5'-Nitro-o-benzenesulfonotoluldlde 

m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Nitro-2(3H)-benzimidazolone 

m-Nitrobenzolc acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, propyl ester-^ 

m-Nitrobenzoyl chloride 

p-Nltrobenzoyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzyl alcohol 

"i'-Nitro-A-biphenylcarboxylio acid 

3-Nitro-<i-chloro-N,N-dimethylbenzenesulfonaiiude 

2-Nitro-p-cresol 

Nitrocyclohexane 

Nitrodiphenylamlne 

A-Nitro-6-(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-l-phenyl-4.-pyrazolylazo)- 
l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

l-Nltronaphthalene 

3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid 

8-Nitro-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

8(aiid 5)-Nitro-l(and 2)-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

■»7(and 8)-Nitronaphth[l,2]oxadiazole-5-sulfonic acid 

-i '-Nitrooxanilic acid 

p-Nitrophenethyl acetate -r 

Nitrophenethyl alcohol 

p-Nitrophenetole 

m-Nitrophenol 

o-Nitrophenol 

p-Nitrophenol 

p-Nltrophenylacetlc acid 

i'-(p-Nitrophenyl)acetophenone 

"i-Nltro-o-phenylenediamine 

p-Nitrophenylhydrazine 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic acld- 

"i-Nitrophthalimlde 

3(and 5)-NltroEalicylic acid 

2-Nitroso-l-naphthol 

p-Nitrosophenol 

p-Nltrostyrene 

2-r4-{A-Nitro-2-sulfostyryl)-3-sulfophenyl]-2H-naphtho- 
[l,2]trlazole-5-sUlfoiiio acid. 

m-Nltrotoluene 

o-Nltrotoluene 

p-Nitrotoluene 

Nitrotoluene mixtures 

S-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonanilide 

3-Nltro-p-toluenesulfonlo acid [S03H=1] 

»5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1] 

A'-Nitro-p-tolueneaulfono-o-toluidide 

5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonyl chloride 

4-Nltro-o-toluidine [ NHj^l] 

»5-Nitro-o-toluidlne [ NH2=1] 

«2-Nltro-p-toluidlne [ NH2=1] 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TRC. 

ACT, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, Mfi.Y, MEE, NAC. 

MRA.. 

DUP. 

G. 

EK. 

DUP. 

HK, SDH. 

DUP. 

ICO. 

HK. 

DUP, HK. 

DUP. 

DUP, G, TRC'. 

EKT. 

DUP, SW, TRC. 

X. 

ACY. 
TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

G, TRC. 

G. 

G. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

EK. 

DUP, VPC. 

DUP, G, MON, SDC, UPM. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK, G. 

EK. 

ACY, DUP, NAC, USR. 

CWN. 

TRC. 



DUP. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

G. 

CMG, 



NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 

TRC. 



ACY, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, SDH, TRC. 

G. 

G. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

ACY, 



G, KPC. 

KLS, KPC, SDH. 

DUP, NAC, SDH, SW. 



82 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC. CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



5-Nitro-2-p-toluidinobenzenesulfonio acid 

»16-Nitroviolanthrone 

<i-Nitro-m-xylene 

2 -Nltro-p -xylene 

Nitroxylenes , mixed ' 

2-tert-Nonyl-p-cresol 

Nonyl-dinonylphenol, mixture 

*Noiiylphenol 

Octylphenol 

Oxalacetic acid, diethyl ester, p-sulfophenylhydrazone 

6-0xo-6H-anthra[9,l]isothiazole-3-carbonyl chloride 

6-0xo-6H-aiithra[9,ll isothiazole-3-carboxylic acid. 

»l-{7-0xo-7H-benz [de] anthracen-3-ylamino)anthraquinone 

*l,l'-(7-0xo-7H-benz[de]anthraoen-3,9-ylenediimino)- 
dianthraquinone . 

*5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylic acid 

5-Oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-3-oarboxylio acid, ethyl ester- 
»5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic acid 
( Pyrazolone T ) . 

"ijA'-Oxydianiline 

Pentadecyltoluene 

1,1,3,3,5-Pentamethylindan 

PentyLnaphthalenes (Amylnaphthalenes) 

o-Pentylphenol (o-Amylphenol) 

p-tert-Pentylphenol 

3,'4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic acid 

3,4,9,10-Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide 

Phenethylamine 

Phenethylamine sulfate 

o-Phenetidine 

p-Phenetidine 

»Phenol : 
*Natural : 

»From coal tar: ^ 

U.S.P - 

39° C, m.p 

»82%-8.i;?. 

All other 

*From petroleum 

■^Synthetic : 

By caustic fusion: 

U.S.P 

From chlorobenzene by liquid-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P- 
From chlorobenzene by vapor-phase hydrolysis: U.S.P-- 

*From cumene 

*l-Phenol-'4-sulfonio acid 

l-(Phenothiazin-2-yl)-l-propanone 

2-Phenoxypropionic acid 

a-Phenoxypropionyl chloride 

Phenylacetamide 

Phenylacetic acid (a-Toluic acid) 

Phenylacetic acid, ethyl ester, tech 

Phenylacetic acid, potassium salt 

Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt 

Phenylacetonitrile (a-Tolunitrile) 

<i' -Phenylacetophenone 

See footnote at end of table. 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 




ACY, G, MAY, TRC. 


DUP. 




SDH. 




DUP, KAC. 




USE. 




JCC. 




ENJ, G, JCC, KIK, MDN, RH, UCP, 


DOW, RH. 




TRC. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ACY, AHC, 


DUP, G, TRC. 


ACY, AHC, 


DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC 


NAC, SDW, 


VPC. 


G. 




ALT, G, KPC. 


x. 




CO. 




GIV. 




PAS. 




PAS. 




KPT. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




MLS. 




MLS. 




MON. 




DOW, DUP, 


KPC, MDN. 


SDW. 




KPT, PRD. 




ACP, KPT, 


PRD. 


ACP, ACY, 


KPT, PRD. 


MER, PIT, 


PRD, SW. 


MAL, MON, 


RCI. 


DOW, HKD. 




UCP. 




ACP, HPC, 


SHC, SOC. 


DOW, MON, 


UPF. 


WYT. 




OPC. 




ICO, OPC. 




BPC. 




BPC, GIV, 


TBK. 


BPC, MAL, 


TBK. 


BPC, MDN, 


OPC, TBK. 


BPC. 




BPC, OPC, 


SDW, TBK. 


DUP, EK, 


G. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



83 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



N-Phenylanthranllic acid 

2-Pherylanthr [2,3]oxazole-5,10-dione 

»p-Phenylazoaniline (p-Aminoazobenzene) and hydrochloride--- 

p-Phenylazobenzoyl chloride 

A-Phenylazodiphenylamine 

"i-Phenylazo-l-naphthylamine 

a-Phenyl-o-cresol 

N-Phenyldibenzylamlne 

Phenyl disulfide 

N,N'-p-Phenylenebis [acetamide] 

«iii-Phenylenediamine 

o-Phenylenediamlne 

p-Phenylenediamine 

Phenyl ether (Diphenyl oxide) 

Phenylglycine, sodium salt 

5-Phenylhydantoin 

Phenylhydrazine 

Phenylhydrazine hydrochloride 

2,2'-(Phenylimlno)diethanol (Phenyldlethanolamine) 

Phenylmalonio acid, diethyl ester 

o-Phenylphenol 

o-Phenylphenol, chlorinated 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt 

p-Phenylphenol 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Phenylphosphorous acid 

Phenylphosphorous acid, sodium salt 

Phenyl-2-propanone 

Phenyl tetramer 

l-Phenyl-2-thiourea 

Phloroglucinol 

Phthalazlnone 

Phthalic acid 

Phthalic acid, disodium salt 

»Phthalio anhydride 

Phthalic anhydride residue 

Phthalide -— - 

Phthalimide - 

Phthalimide, potassium salt 

Phthalocyanine, iron derivative 

Phthalocyaninedisulfonic acid, copper derivative 

Phthalonitrile - - 

Phthaloyl chloride (Phthalyl chloride) --- — 

»Picolines : ^ 

»2-Plcoline (f -Plooline) - - 

3-Picoline (P-Picoline)— - 

-i-Picoline (Y-Picoline) 

Picollne {3 ,A-mixture) 

Ploolinic acid 

3-Plcolylamine 

Picramic acid and salt 

Picric acid (Trlnitrophenol) 

Piperazine mixture, crude 

»Plperidine 

3-Piperidinopropiophenone hydrochloride 

Polychlorobiphenyl 

See footnote at end of table. 



ABB. 




G. 




ACY, 


DUP, G, KPC, NAC. 


EK. 




EK. 




DUP. 




RBC. 




DUP. 




EK. 




ACT. 




ACY, 


DUP, G, NAC, PDC. 


rar, 


MEE, MRT, TRC. 


ACY, 


BFG, SW. 


DOW. 




DUP, 


NAC 


ABB. 




DOW. 




EK, 


FIN, G. 


DUP, 


EKT, KPC, UCC. 


BPC. 




DOW, 


RCI. 


DOW. 




DOW, 


RCI. 


DOW. 




DUP, 


USR. 


VIC. 




VIC. 




ORT, 


SK. 


SPD. 




EK. 




MRT. 




KPC. 




KF, 


MEE. 


MEE. 




ACC, 


ACP, ACY, KPT, MDN, NAC, PCC, RCI, SOC, SW, WTC 


SOC, 


SW. 


NAC. 




DOW, 


DUP, MEE, NAC, SFA. 


EK. 




DUP. 




TRC. 




ACP, 


G. 


M3N. 




ACP, 


KPT, RIL, UCC. 


RIL. 




RIL, 


UCC. 


ACP, 


KPT. 


NEP. 




RIL. 




DUP. 




DUP, 


NAC, SDC. 


JCC. 




ABB, 


DUP, MRK, RIL. 


ACY. 




MDN. 





84 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



Polydodecylbenzene 

Polyethylbenzene (80% Diethylbenzene ) 

Polypentadecyltoluene 

Potassium phenoxide 

Primuline base 

*Propiophenone 

n-Propylbenzene 

Pyranthrone 

Pyridine, refined :■"■ 

*2° Pyridine 

Other grades -.-■ 

2,5-Pyridinedicarbo3cylic acid, di-n-propyl ester 

Pyridine hydrochloride 

2-Pyridinemethanol 

2-Pyridinol 

3-Pyridinol 

2(lH)-Pyridone 

2-Pyrimidlnol 

•4 '-(Pyriiiiidinylsulfaiiioyl)acetanilide 

Pyromellitic acid 

Pyromellitic dianhydride 

Pyrrole 

Pyrrolidine 

2-Pyrrolldinone 

■•(Quinaldine 

<<Qtiinizarin 

2-Q\aliilzarlnaulfonlc acid 

Quinoline: 1° and 2° Quinoline 

2,4-Qviinolinediol 

ftuinoline yellow, base 

Quinophthalone 

Resorcinol, techr 

Resoroinol, monoacetate 

g-Resorcylic acid 

Rhodanine 

Salicylaldehyde 

*Salicylic acid, tech 

Salicylic acid, ammonium chromium complex 

Salicylic acid, sodium salt (crude) 

Salicylideneaminoguanidine oleate 

Sodium phenoxide 

Styphnio acid, lead salt 

*Styrene, all grades 

"i'-Sulfamoylacetanilide 

5-Sulfamoylanthranilic acid 

Sulfanilic acid (p-Aminobenzehesulfonic acid) and salt- 

A-Sulfoanthranilic acid 

5-Sulfoisophthalic acid, dimethyl ester 

A,A'-Sulfonyldianiline 

-4,<l'-Sulfonyldiphenol (4,<i-'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfone)-' 

4-Siilfophthalic acid 

Terephthalic acid 

Terephthalio acid dihydrazide 

■xTerephthalic acid, dimethyl ester 



CO. 




ucc. 




CO. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




KPC, 


IIL, OPC, TBK. 


EK. 




AHC. 




ACP, 


KPT, RIL. 


KPT. 




ASL. 




EK. 




RIL. 




NEP. 




HEP. 




Ewr. 




GGY. 




ACY. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ASL. 




ASL. 




G. 




ACY, 


DUP, KPT. 


ACY, 


AHC, CMG, DUP, EKT, G, HSH, ICC, JTC, KPC, MAY, 


MAC, TRC. 


NAC, 


PAT. 


ACP, 


EK, KPT. 


DUP. 




G, NAC. 


DUP. 




KPC. 




KPC. 




ACY, 


KPC, MEE. 


EK. 




HN. 




DOW, 


HN, M3N, PCW. 


TRC. 




DOW. 




DUP. 




DUP, 


FIN. 


REM. 




CSD, 


DOW, ELP, FG, KPP, MON, SHC, UCC. 


ACY. 




TRC. 




ACY, 


DUP, NAC. 


CMG, 


G, TRC. 


X. 




DUP. 




G, M3N, UPF. 


CWN. 




ACC, 


DUP, SOC. 


DUP. 




ACC, 


DUP, HPC. 



See footnote at end of table. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



85 



TABLE 7B. —Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i567— Continued 



Chemical 



Terephthalonltrlle 

Terphenyl (Phenylblphenyl) 

Tetraaminophthalocyanine, copper derivative 

Tetrabromophthalic anhydride 

*Tetrabromo-8,16-pyranthrenedione 

1,3,6,8-Tetrabromopyrene 

IjAjSjS-Tetrachloroanthraquinone 

1,2,4,5-Tetraohlorobenzene 

Tetrachlorodiphenol 

Tetrachloronitrobenzene 

Tetraohloropyrene 

a,a,2,6-Tetrachlorotoluene 

Tetraohloroviolanthrone 

Tetrahydrofuran 

Tetrahydro-2-methylfuran 

Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride 

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroquinoline 

l,<i,5,8-Tetrahydroxyanthraquinone 

l,4,5,8-TetraJd.sll',l" ,X' " ,1 ""-anthraquinonylamino] 
anthraquinone (Pentanthrimide) . 

Tetramethylblsphenol 

p-(l,l73,3-Tetramethylbutyl)phenol 

l,l,3,3-Tetramethyl-2-thlourea 

Tetranitrophthalocyanine, copper derivative 

2,<i,8,10-Tetraoxaspiro-5,5-uiidecane 

2-(2-Thenylaniino)pyrldine 

Thianthrene 

Thiaiithrene-X,Y-dicarboxylic acid 

Thianthrene-XjY-dinitrile 

p-Thioanisidine 

Thioanisole 

»3,3'-Thiobis[7H-benz[de]aiithracen-7-one] - — 

'ij'i'-Thiodiamline 

5,6'-Thiodiiiietanilic acid 

2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde 

o-Tolidlne 

o-Tolidine hydrochloride 

Toluene-2,'i-diaiiiine (4-m-Tolylenedianiine) 

Toluene-2,'4-disulfonlc acid 

o-Toluene sulfonamide 

o(and p)-Toluenesulfonamide 

p-Toluenesulfonamlde 

«o(and p)-Toluenesulfonlc acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, 2-chloroethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, ethyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate 

p-Toluenesulfono-o-toluidide 

o-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride 

a-Toluenethiol 

p-Toluhydroquinone (Methylhydroquinone ) 

m-Toluic acid 

o-Toluic acid 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



EK. 

ARA, ION. 

DUP. 

MCH. 

G, NAG, TEC. 

G. 

AHC, DUP, G, NAC. 

DOW, HK. 

ION. 

SDH. 

KPC. 

DUP. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

QKO. 

PTT. 

EK. 

ACY. 

AHC, DUP, NAC. 

ARK. 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

ABB. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

RBC. 

EVN, GAM. 

ACY, AHC, 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ABB. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP, EK. 

ACY, BL, 

G. 

MON. 

ACY. 

MON. 

MON, NAC, NES, SW, TN, UPF. 

ACY. 

G. 

ACY, AIL, NAC, VPC. 

AHC, M3N,VPC. 

UPF. 

G. 

MON. 

RBC. 
EKT. 
CWL. 
CWL. 



DUP, G, TRC. 



DUP, G, NAC, SDC, TRC. 



86 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



p-Toluic acid 

m-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine 

o-Toluidine hydrochloride 

p-Toluidine 

p-Toluidine hydrochloride 

Toluidines, mixed ; 

m-Toliiidinomethanesulfonic acid 

o-Toluidinomethanesulfonic acid 

8-(p-Toluidino) -1-naphthalenesulf onio acid 

*o-(p-Toluoyl)benzoio acid 

»'i-(o-Tolylazo)-o- toluldlne (o-Aminoazotoluene) 

'i-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine hydrochloride 

2,2 '-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol 

2,'i,6-Tribromophenol 

Tribromosalicylanllide 

1,2, 3 (and l,2,'i)-Trichlorobenzene 

l,2,<i-Trlchlorobenzene 

N,2,6-Trichloro-p-benzoquinone imine 

l,2,'4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene 

2,A,6-Trichlorophenylhydrazine 

l-(2,'t,6-Trichlorophenyl) -3- (4-nitroanilino) -2-pyrazolin- 

5 -one. 
Trichlorophenylsilane 

*a,a,a-Trichlorotoluene (Benzotrichloride) 

a,2,'i-Trichlorotoluene 

a,2,4(and a ,2,6)-Triohlorotoluene 

1,3,5-Triethylbenzene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-4-nitro-m-cresol 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-m-nitrotoluene 

a, a,a-Trifluoro toluene 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-m-toluidine 

a,a,a-Trifluoro-o-toluidine 

3,'t,5-Trimethoxybenzoic acid 

2,4,5-Trimethylaniline (Pseudooumidine) 

2,<t,6-Trimethylam.line 

l,2,i-Trimethylbenzene (Pseudocumene) 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-A^,'*-indolineacetaldehyde 

l,3,3-Trimethyl-2-methyleneinaoline 

Trimethylphenylammonium iodide 

1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene 

Triphenylmethanol 

2,'4,6-Tris [dimethylaminomethyl] phenol 

Tris(2-methyl-l-aziridinyl)phosphine oxide 

»6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] (J acid urea) 

Veratraldehyde (3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde) 

p-Vinylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

2-Vinylcyelohexene 

2,2'-Vinylenebis [benzimidazole] 

5-Vinyl-2-picoline (MVP) 

2-Vinylpyridine 

4-Vinylpyridine 

»Violanthrone ( Dibenzanthrone ) 

9-Xanthenecarboxylic acid 

m-Xylene 



MAC. 
MAC. 



NAC. 



VPC. 



DUP, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G, KPC, NAC, SDH. 

G. 



HK. 



CWL. 

DUP, 

DUP, 

ACY. 

DUP, 

EK. 

DUP. 

TRC, 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ACY, 

ACY, 

G. 

EKT, 

DOW. 

MEE. 

SVT. 

DOW, 

EK. 

ALL. 

MEE. 

EK. 



UCS. 

HK, HN, TNP. 

HN. 

BPC. 

DUP, SVT. 

MEE. 

MEE. 

HK. 

MEE. 

MEE. 

ICO. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

EN J, PLC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

EK. 

EK. 

RH. 

ICC 

ACY, ATI, BL, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

GIV, SLV. 

DUP. 

PLC. 

TRC. 

PLC. 

RIL. 

RIL. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, TRC. 

MAL. 

PLC, SOC. 



CYCLIC INTERMEDIATES 



87 



TABLE 7B. — Cyclic intermediates for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i --Continued 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 




ASH, CCP, CSD, DLH, ENJ, QRS, KPC, PLC, SIN, SNT, 

SOC, TOC. 
CSD, ENJ, SIN, SOC. 
EK. 
AC?, KPT. 

PIT, PRD. 
KPT, PIT, PRD. 
PCC, PRD. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

ACT. 

NAC. 

ACY, GAM, ICC, MED, MON, NAC. 




2,5-Xylenesulfonic acid 


Xylenols : 






Xylidines: 

2,4-Xylidine (m-4-Xylidlne) 

'i-Yvl "IHi no Cn-Yvl i Hi rifi "l 




L-iO S Yvl v1 fl-znl -n-tnl in*Hi-np> 







Does not include manufacturers' identification codes for producers that report to the Division of Bituminous 
Coal, U.S. Bureau of Mines. These producers are listed in the U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Industry Survey Coke 
Producers in 1961, July 1962. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Dyes 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1961 

[Dyes for which separate statistics are given in table 8A are marked below with an asterisk (»); dyes not so marked 
do not appear in table 8A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufac- 
turers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufacturer did not 
consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DXES 

*Aoid yellow dyes: 

Acid Yellow 1 

Acid Yellow 2 

»Acid Yellow 3 

Acid Yellow 4 

Acid Yellow 7 

Acid Yellow 9 

»Acid Yellow 11 

Acid Yellow 14 

*Acid Yellow 17 

»Acid Yellow 23 

Acid Yellow 25 -- 

Acid Yellow 29 

Acid Yellow 34 

Acid Yellow 35 

»Acid Yellow 36 

Acid Yellow 38 

*Aoid Yellow 40 

*Acid Yellow 42 

Acid Yellow 43 

»Acid Yellow 44 

»Aoid Yellow 54 

Acid Yellow 60 

Acid Yellow 63 

Acid Yellow 65 

«Acid Yellow 73 

Acid Yellow 76 

Acid Yellow 90 ' 

Acid Yellow 95 

»Acid Yellow 99 

Acid Yellow 113 

Acid Yellow 114 

Acid Yellow 124 -- 

Acid Yellow 127 

Acid Yellow 128 

Other acid yellow dyes 

»Aoid orange dyes: 

»Acid Orange 1 

Acid Orange 2 

Acid Orange 5 

Acid Orange 6 

»Acid Orange 7 

»Aoid Orange 8 

»Acid Orange 10 

Acid Orange 12 

Acid Orange 19 



ACY, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC. 

SDH. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

CMG, DUP, VPC. 

TRC. 

ACY, BKS, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, PCO, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, G, KPC, MRX, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

G, VPC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

VPC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, G, KPC, TRC, VPC. 

ATL. 

G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, BKS, CMG, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

NAC. 

KPC, NAC. 

TRC. 

NAC, NYC, SDH, SNA. 

TRC. 

NAC. 

CMG. 

CMG, 

TRC. 

CMG, 

DUP. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

ACY, ALT, BL, DUP, G, VPC. 



G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 
NAC, TRC. 



ALT, BKS, G, 

NAC, TRC. 

ACY. 

NAC. 

ACY, ATL, G, 

ACY, DUP, G, 



NAC. 



KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW, X. 
NAC, TRC. 

YAW. 



ACY, ATL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC 

NAC. 

G. 



DYES 



89 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. (traduction or sales voere reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in ,table 23) 



ACID DYES—Continued 

»Aoid orange dyes — Continued 

Acid Orange 20 

»Acid Orange 2A 

Acid Orange 28 

Acl(l Orange 31 

Acid Orange 32 

Acid Orahge 34 

Acid Orange 45 

Acid Orange 49 

Acid Orange 50 

Acid Orange 51 

Acid Orange 56 

»Acid Orange 60 

Acid Orange 62 

Acid Orange 63 

Acid Orange 64 

Acid Orange 69 

Acid Orange 72 

»Acid Orange 74 

Acid Orange 76 

Acid Orange 86 

Other acid orange dyes 

»Acid red dyes : 

»Acid Red 1 

»Aoid Red 4 

Acid Red 12 

«Acid Red U- - 

»Acid Red 17 

»Acld Red 18 

»Acld Red 26— 

Acid Red 27 

Acid Red 32 

Acid Red 33 

Acid Red 34 - — - 

Acid Red 35 - -- 

»Acid Red 37 --- 

Acid Red 39 

Acid Red 42 — 

Acid Red 51 

Acid Red 52 

Acid Red 57—- 

Acid Red 60-- - 

Acid Red 66 - -- 

«Acid Red 73 - --- 

Acid Red 76 - 

Acid Red 80 — 

»Acid Red 85 

»Acid Red 87 - 

»Acid Red 88 

»Acid Red 89 

Acid Red 92 

Acid Red 94 

Acid Red 97- 

Acid Red 99 

Acid Red 106 — 



MAC 

ACY 

NAC 

KPC 

VPC 

ACY 

NAC 

TRC 

KPC 

CMC 

G. 

CMC 

TRC 

G, 

DUP 

ACY 

G. 

CMC 

TRC 

NAC 

ACY 

ACY 
ATL 

G, 

DUP 

ACY 

ACY 

ACY 

NAC 

G, 

NAC 

DUP 

G, 

CMC 

NAC 

G. 

NYC 

G. 

TRC 

TRC 

KPC 

ACY 

NAC 

AHC 

ACY 

AMS 

ACY 

G 

NAC 

NYC 

G, 

CMG 

YAW 



DUP, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 



TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G. 

TRC. 
NAC. 



G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

ALT, ATL, TRC, VPC. 

BKS, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

CMG, DUP, G, TRC, VPC, YAW. 
NAC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

AIL, G, NAC, X. 

TRC. 
NAC. 

YAW. 

NAC. 
KPC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 



SDH. 



NAC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 



ALT, ATL, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

NAC, NYC, SDH. 

ATL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
KPC, TRC, VPC. 

NYC, VPC. 

TRC. 

NAC, TRC, VPC. 



638234 O 62 - 



90 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufaoturefs ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACID DTES-'Continued 

»Acid red dyes — Continued 

Acid Red 109 

Acid Red 113 

»Aoid Red 114 ■ 

»Aoid Red 115 

Acid Red 119 

Acid Red 133 

Acid Red 134 - • 

»Acid Red 137 

»Aoid Red 151 

Acid Red 162 

Acid Red 165 

Acid Red 167 

Acid Red 175 

Acid Red 178 

Acid Red 179 

»Acid Red 182 

Acid Red 183 - - ■ 

Acid Red 184 

»Acid Red 186 

Acid Red 189 — - 

Acid Red 190 

Acid Red 191 

Acid Red 194 

Acid Red 197- 

Acid Red 207— - 

Acid Red 212 

Acid Red 213 

Other acid red dyes 

»Acid violet dyes: 

*Acid Violet 1 

»Acid Violet 3 — 

Acid Violet 5 

Acid Violet 6 

»Acid Violet 7 

Acid Violet 9 

Acid Violet 11 

«Aoid Violet 12- 

Acid Violet 13—- - 

Acid Violet 14— - 

»Acid Violet 17 

Acid Violet 21 

Acid Violet 29 

Acid Violet 34 

»Acid Violet 43 

Acid Violet 49 

Acid Violet 56 

Acid Violet 58 

Acid Violet 76 

Other acid violet dyes 

»Acid blue dyes : 

Acid Blue 1 

•Acid Blue 7 

»Acid Blue 9 

Acid Blue 10 — 



VPC. 






DUP. 






ATL, 


DUP, 


G. 


G, NAC, THC. 


NAC. 






G. 






TRC, 


VPC. 




ACT, 


DUP, 


G, NAC, TRC. 


ACY, 


KPC, 


TRC, YAW. 


VPC. 






VPC. 






BKS, 


NAC, 


TRC. 


DUP. 






DUP. 






CMG, 


TRC. 




ACT, 


CMG, 


DUP, G, NAC. 


CMG, 


TRC. 




TRC. 






ACT, 


BKS, 


CMG, G, TRC. 


ACY. 






ACY. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






DUP, 


TRC. 




MAC. 






TRC. 






TRC. 






ACY, 


ALT, 


TRC, VPC. 


CMG, 


G, NAC, THC. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC, TRC. 


VPC. 






NAC. 






CMG, 


DUP, 


G, KPG, NAC, TRC 


NAC. 






G. 






DUP, 


G, TRC. 


DUP. 






TRC. 






DUP, 


G, SDH, TRC. 


DUP. 






HSH. 






AHC, 


NAC. 




AHC, 


DUP, 


HSH, NAC. 


ACY, 


NAC, 


SDH. 


G. 






G. 






NAC. 






ALT, 


CMG, 


DUP. 


G, NAC, SDH. 


ACY, 


G, NAC, SDH. 


G, NAC, SDH, VPC. 


KPC, 


NAC. 





DYES 



91 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list In table 23) 



ACID DYES — Continued 

»Acid blue dyes — Continued 

Acid Blue 13 

Acid Blue 15 

Acid Blue 18 

Acid Blue 20- 

»Acid Blue 22 

Acid Blue 23 

»Aoid Blue 25 

Acid Blue 26 

Acid Blue 27 

Acid Blue 29 

Acid Blue 3<i 

Acid Blue 35 

»Acid Blue 40 

»Acid Blue Al - - - 

»Acid Blue 43 

»Acid Blue 45 - 

Acid Blue 47 

Acid Blue 48 

Acid Blue 58 

»Acid Blue 59 — 

Acid Blue 62 

Acid Blue 63 - 

Acid Blue 67 

Acid Blue 69 -- 

Acid Blue 74— 

»Acid Blue 78 

Acid Blue 79 

Acid Blue 80 - 

Acid Blue 81 

Acid Blue 83 

Acid Blue 89 

■»Acid Blue 90 

Acid Blue 92 

Acid Blue 93 

Acid Blue 102 

»Acid Blue 104 

Acid Blue 110 

Acid Blue 113- 

Acid Blue 118 

Acid Blue 120 — 

Acid Blue 122 - 

Acid Blue 129— 

Acid Blue 137 

Acid Blue 145 

Acid Blue 154 

»Acid Blue 158 and 158A 

Acid Blue 159 - 

Acid Blue 165 

Acid Blue 179 - 

Other acid blue dyes 

••Acid green dyes: 

Acid Green 1 

»Acid Green 3 

Acid Green 5 

•Acid Green 9 



DUP. 

DUP, G. 

G. 

ACY, NAC. 

ACY, G, NYC. 

NAC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

G. 

PDC, YAW. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

AHC, G, NAC, TRC. 

CMG, G, NAC. 

ACY, G, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, DUP. 

sue. 

DUP. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

G, VPC. 

NAC. 

CMG, NAC. 

DUP, G. 

DUP, NAC. 

AHC, DUP, G, ICC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

AHC. 

G. 

MAC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

sue. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

NYC. 

CMG, DUP, G. 

G, NAC. 

G, KPC, NAC. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

ACY, BKS, CM3, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 

ALT, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, SDH, TRC, VPC. 

G. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC, VPC. 



92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 

TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 




Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in tatle 23) 



ACID DYES— Continued 

»Acid green dyes — Continued 

»Aoid Green 12 

«Acid Green 16 

*Acid Green 20 

Acid Green 22 

»Acid Green 25 

Acid Green 35 

Acid Green 41 

Acid Green <W 

*Acld Green 50 

Other acid green dyes 

*Acid brown dyes : 

Acid Brown 1 

Acid Brown 2 

Acid Brown 6 

*Acid Brown 14 

Acid Brown 19 

Acid Brown 22 

Acid Brown 28 

Acid Brown 29 

Acid Brown 31 

Acid Brown 42 

Acid Brown 45 

Acid Brown 96 

Acid Brown 97 

Acid Brown 98 

Acid Brown 152 

Acid Brown 158 

Acid Brown 223 

Acid Brown 273 

Other acid brown dyes 

^■Acid black dyes: 

*Acid Black 1 

Acid Black 2 

Acid Black 12 

Acid Black 16 

Acid Black 18 

»Acld Black 24 

Acid Black 26, 26A, and 26B 

Acid Black 41 

»Acld Black 48 

»Acld Black 52 

Acid Black 53 

Acid Black 58 

Acid Black 60 

Acid Black 92 

Acid Black 140 

Other acid black dyes 

AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS 
Azoic Compositions 

Azoic yellow dyes: 

*Azoic Yellow 1 

*Azoic Yellow 2 

Azoic Yellow 3 

Other azoic yellow dyes 



G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G, NAC, SDH, TRC. 

ATL, CMC, DUP, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

G, NAC. 

AHC, CMG, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

AHC, VPC. 

VPC. 

ACY, G, MAC, VPC. 

ALT, DUP, TRC, VPC. 



G. 
KPC. 

G. 

ACY, 

TRC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

DUP, 

G. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, 

G. 

G. 

G. 

ACY. 

ALT, 



DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 



NAC. 



TRC. 



DUP, G, VPC. 



ACY 

ACY 

NAC 

NAC 

NAC 

CMG 

DUP 

G 

ACY 

BKS 

NAC 

TRC 

TRC 

ACY 

G. 

ALT 



, ATL, BKS, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, SDH, TRC, YAW. 
, NAC. 



, DUP, G, NAC. 

, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

, AHC, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



, BL, CMG, DUP, G, TRC, VPC. 



ALL, ATL, BUC, G, HST, VPC. 

ALL, BUC, G, HST, x. 

ATL, G. 
BUC. 



DYES 



93 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AZOIC UraS AND COIPOHENTS— Continued 
Azoic Compos i t ions- -Continued 

Azoic orange dyes: 

»Azoic Orange 3 

Azoic Orange 4 

»Azolc red dyes: 

»Azoic Red 1 

»Azoic Red 2 

»Azoic Red 6 

Azoic Red 13 

Azoic Red 14 

Azoic Red 15 

«Azoic Red 16 

Azoic Red 73 

Azoic Red 74 

Other azoic red dyes 

Azoic violet dyes : 

»Azoic Violet 1 

Other azoic violet dyes 

»Azoic blue dyes: 

Azoic Blue 2 

»Azoic Blue 3 

Azoic Blue 4 

Azoic Blue 5 

Azoic Blue 6 

Azoic Blue 7 

Other azoic blue dyes 

Azoic green dyes : 

Azoic Green 1 

Other azoic green dyes 

»Azoic brown dyes : 

Azoic Brown 7 

»Azoic Brown 9 

Azoic Brown 10 

Azoic Brown 26 

Other azoic brown dyes 

»Azoio black dyes : 

Azoic Black 1 

Azoic Black 2 

Azoic Black 4 

Azoic Black 15 

Other azoic black dyes 

All other azoic oon^jositions 

Azoic Diazo Components , Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) 

Azoic Diazo Component 1, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 3, base 

*Azoic Diazo Component 4, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 5, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 8, base 

»Aaoic Diazo Coanponent 9, base 



ALL, ATL, BUC, G, HST, SNA, X. 
G. 

ALL, ATL, BUC, DUP, G, HST, VPC, x. 

ATL, AUG, BUC, DUP, G, x. 

ACY, ALL, ATL, AUG, BUC, DUP, G, HST, SNA, VPC, x. 

G. 

G. 

G. 

ATL, AUG, G. 

G. 

G. 

ATL, BUC, G, VPC. 



ATL, G, HST, 
G. 


SNA, VPC, X. 


G. 

ALL, ATL, 

G. 

G, HST. 

ATL, G. 

G. 

VPC. 


BUC, DUP, G, X. 


ATL, G. 
VPC. 






ATL. 

ATL, BUC, 
ATL, BUC, 
G. 
ATL, BUC, 


G, 

G. 

G, 


HST, VPC, X. 
VPC. 


G, HST 
ATL, DUP. 
ALL, ATL, 
G. 
ALL, ATL, 

X. 


G. 
G, 


VPC. 



SDH. 

ATL, KPC. 

SDH. 

ALL, G, SDH. 

AUG, G, SDH. 

DUP, KPC. 

DUP, KPC, VPC. 



94 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 1961 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AZOIC DYES AND COMPONENTS— Continued 

Azoic Diazo Components , Bases 
(Fast Color Bases) --Continued 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, base 

*Azoic Diazo Coi^onent 12, base 

»Azoic Diazo' Component 13, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 20, base 

»Azoic Diazo Component 28, base 

»Azoic Diazo Component 32, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 3<+, base 

Azoic Diazo Component 37, base 

Azoic Diazo Component A-1, base 

Azoic Diazo Component -42, base 

»Azoic Diazo Component 48, base 

Other azoic diazo components, bases 



Azoic Diazo Components, Salts 
(Fast Color Salts) 

»Azoic Diazo Component 1, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 2, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 3, salo 

Azoic Diazo Component 4, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 5, salt 

»AzOic Diazo Component 6, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 8, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 9, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 10, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 11, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 12, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 13, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Conq^onent 20, salt 

*Azoic Diazo Component 28, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 32, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 34, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 35, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 36, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 37, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 41, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Coii5)onent 42, salt 

Azoic Diazo Component 44, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 48, salt 

»Azoic Diazo Component 49, salt 

Other azoic diazo components, salts 

Azoic Coupling Components 
(tiaphthol AS and Derivatives) 

Azoic Coupling Component 1 

*Azoic Coupling Component 2 

»Azoic Coupling Component 3 : 

*Azoic Coupling Component 4 

*Azoic Coupling Component 5 

»Azoic Coupling Component 7 

Azoic Coupling Component 8 



AUG, G, VPC. 




ALL, DUP, 


KPC, SDH, VPC. 




AIL, AUG, 


DUP, G, KPC, SDH. 




ALL, G. 






ALL, AUG, 


G, KPC. 




ALL, ATL, 


AUG, BUC, DUP, G, KPC, 


SDH, SNA 


G. 






KPC. 






ALL, G. 






ALL, G. 






ALL, CWN, 


DUP, G, SNA. 




VPC. 







AUG, G, KPC. 

ALL, G. 

ALL, ATL, AUG, G, KPC, MAC, SDH, VPC. 

ALL, DUP. 

AUG, G, KPC, MAC, SDH, VPC. 

AUG, G, KPC. 

ALL, AUG, G, KPC, SDH. 

ALL, AUG, G, KPC, MAC, SDH, VPC. 

G, SDH. 

ALL, ATL, G, KPC, VPC. 

ALL, AUG, G, KPC, SDH, VPC. 

ALL, AUG, G, KPC, MAC, SDH, VPC. 

ALL, G, SDH. 

ALL, AUG, G, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

ALL, NAC. 

G. 

G. 

ALL, G, KPC, NAC. 

G, KPC. 

ALL, G. 

ALL, G, VPC. 

G. 

ALL, G, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

G, KPC, SDH. 

BUC, G. 



AUG. 

ACY, AUG, BUC, DUP, G, NAC, PCW. 

AUG, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

AUG, G, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

ALL, G, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

AUG, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

G, KPC, PCW. 



DYES 

TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



95 



Dye 



Manufacturers' identlfloatlon codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AZOIC DYES AND CCMPONENTS— Continued 

Azoic Coupling Components 
(Naphthol AS and Derivatives)- -Continued 

Azoic Coupling Component 10 

Azoic Coupling Component 11 

»Azoic Coupling Component 12 

»Azolc Coupling Component 13 

»Azolc Coupling Component 14 

Azoic Coupling Component 15 

Azoic Coupling Component 16 

»Azoic Coupling Component 17 

»Azoic Coupling Component 18 

»Azolc Coupling Component 19 

»Azoic Coupling Component 20 

»Azoio Coupling Component 21 

Azoic Coupling Component 23 

Azoic Co»5>ling Component 24 

»Azoic Coupling Component 29 

Azoic Coupling Component 33 

»Azolc Coupling Component 34 

»Azolc Coupling Component 35 

Azoic Coupling Component 36 

Azoic Cov5>llng Component 43 

Other azoic coupling oongjonents 

BASIC DYES 

Basic yellow dyes : 

Basic Yellow 1 

»Baslc Yellow 2 

Basic Yellow 5 

Basic Yellow 10 

Basic Yellow 11 

Basic Yellow 13 

Basic Yellow 15 

Basic Yellow 16 

Basic Yellow 26 

Basic Yellow 27 

Other basic yellow dyes 

»Basic orange dyes : 

»Basic Orange 1 

»Basic Orange 2 

Basic Orange 10 

Basic Orange 14 

Basic Orange 17 

Basic Orange 21 

Basic Orange 24 

Basic Orange 25 

Basic Orange 26 . 

Basic Orange 31 

Other basic orange dyes 

Basic red dyes: 

Basic Red 1 

"Basic Red 2 

Basic Red 9 . 

Basic Red 13 



PCW. 

G, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

ALL, AUG, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

ALL, G, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

ALL, ATL, AUG, BUC, G, KPC, MAC, PCW. 

G. 

G, SDH. 

ACY, ALL, AUG, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

ACY, ATL, AUG, BUC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, PCW. 

G, KPC, PCW, SDH. 

ALL, ATL, AUG, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

ALL, ATL, AUG, BUC, KPC, PCW. 

G, PCW. 

G, VPC. 

ATL, BUC, G, KPC, PCW. 

G. 

ALL, ATL, BUC, G, PCW. 

ALL, G, KPC, PCW. 

G. 

ALL, G. 

ATL, G, PCO. 



DUP. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

G. 

DUP, G. 

DUP, G. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

G. 



ACY, DUP, G, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, G, NAC. 

VPC. 

G, VPC. 

NAC. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

G. 

DUP, G. 
DUP, G, NAC. 
ACY, sue, SW. 
0. 



96 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



r>5re 



Manufaotiorers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BASIC DYES--Continued 

Basic red dyes — Continued 

Basic Red 14. 

Basic Red 15 

Basic Red 16 

Basic Red 17 

Basic Red 18 

Basic Red 20 

Basic Red 30 

Basic violet dyes: 

»Basic Violet 1 

Basic Violet 2 

*Basic Violet 3 

»Basic Violet 4- 

Basic Violet 5 

Basic Violet 7 

Basic Violet 10 

Basic Violet 13 

Basic Violet 14 

Basic Violet 15 

Basic Violet 16 

Basic Violet 18 

Other basic violet dyes 

*Basic blue dyes: 

»Basic Blue 1 

Basic Blue 3 

Basic Blue 4 

Basic Blue 5 

Basic Blue 6 

»Basic Blue 7 

»Basic Blue 9 

Basic Blue 11 

Basic Blue 21 

Basic Blue 22 

«Basic Blue 26 

Basic Blue 35 

Basic Blue 36 

Basic Blue 38 

Basic Blue 39 

Other basic blue dyes 

Basic green dyes: 

»Basic Green 1 

Basic Green 3 

*Basic Green 4 

Basic Green 5 

Other basic green dyes 

Basic brown dyes: 

»Basic Brown 1 

Basic Brown 2 

*Basic Brown 4 

Other basic brown dyes 

Basic black dye: Basic Black 3 



DUP, G, MAC. 


DUP, G. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ACY. 




ACY, DSC, 


G, NAC, sue. 


ACY. 




DSC, DUP, 


G, NAC, SDH. 


DSC, DUP, 


G, NAC. 


NAC. 




G. 




ACY, DUP, 


G, NAC. 


DSC. 




ACY, HYC. 




DUP. 




DUP.- 




DUP. 




ACY, G. 




DSC, G, NAC, SDH. 


G. 




DUP. 




DSC, SDH. 




ACY, NAC. 




DSC, DUP, 


G, NAC, SDH. 


ACY, G, NAC, SDH. 


DSC, DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




nSC, DUP, 


G, NAC, SDH. 


DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




ACY. 




ACY, E6C, 


DUP, NAC, SDH 


DUP. 




ACY, DSC, 


DUP, NAC, SDH 


DUP. 




ACY, DUP, 


G, NAC, TRC. 


G, NAC. 




ACY, DUP, 


G, NAC, TRC. 


DUP. 




G. 





DYES 



97 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DXES 

♦Direct yellow dyes: 

♦Direct Yellow A 

♦Direct Yellow 5 

♦Direct Yellow 6 

Direct Yellow 7 

♦Direct Yellow 8 

Direct Yellow 9 

♦Direct Yellow 11 

♦Direct Yellow 12 

Direct Yellow 19 

Direct Yellow 20 

Direct Yellow 23 

♦Direct Yellow 26 

Direct Yellow 27 

♦Direct Yellow 28 

♦Direct Yellow 29 

Direct Yellow 39 

Direct Yellow <il- - — 

♦Direct Yellow 44 

♦Direct Yellow 50 

Direct Yellow 59 

Direct Yellow 62— 

Direct Yellow 63— — 

Direct Yellow 64 — 

Direct Yellow 81- 

Direct Yellow 84 

Direct Yellow 107 

Direct Yellow 114 

Crther direct yellow dyes 

♦Direct orange dyes : 

♦Direct Orange 1 

Direct Orange 5 

♦Direct Orange 8 

Direct Orange 10 

Direct Orange 11 

♦Direct Orange 15 

♦Direct Orange 26 

♦Direct Orange 29 

♦Direct Orange 34 

♦Direct Orange 37 

Direct Orange 38 

♦Direct Orange 39 

Direct Orange 40 

Direct Orange 42 

Direct Orange 48 

Direct Orange 55 

Direct Orange 59 

Direct Orange 61 

Direct Orange 64 

Direct Orange 67 

Direct Orange 70 

♦Direct Orange 72 

♦Direct Orange 73 

Direct Orange 74 

Direct Orange 76 



ACY 


DUP, 


G, 


NAC, TRC. 


ACY 


G, NAC. 




ACY 


DUP, 


G, 


NAC, TRC. 


PCO 








G, ^ 


lAC, TRC. 




DUP 








ACY 


DUP, 


G, 


NAC, TRC. 


BKS 


DUP, 


G, 


NAC, TRC. 


TRC 








TRC 








DUP 








ALT 


DUP, 


G. 


NAC. 


G, I 


iAC. 






DUP 


G, MAC, 


PCO, TRC. 


DUP 


G, PCO. 




TRC 








ALT 


TRC. 






ALT 


BKS, 


CMG 


, DUP, G, NAC, PCO, TRC, 


BKS 


BL, 


DUP, 


G, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 


DUP 


NAC, 


PCC 


. 


G, ( 


JAC. 






DUP 








TRC 








BKS 


TRC. 






G, 1 


rRC. 






G. 








ACY 








ACY 


ALT, 


ATI 


, BKS, DUP, G, NAC, PCO, 


BKS 


CMG, 


KPC 


, NAC, TRC, VPC. 


KPC 


NAC. 






DUP 


G, NAC, 


TRC. 


KPC 


NAC. 






G. 








ACY 


DUP, 


G. 


NAC, TRC. 


ACY 


CMG, 


DUP 


, G, TRC, VPC. 


ATL 


BKS, 


NAC 


, TRC. 


ACY 


CMG, 


DUP 


, G, NAC. 


ACY 


CMG, 


DUP 


, G, TRC. 


HAC 








BKS 


CMG, 


DUF 


, G, TRC. 


DUP 








TRC 








DUP 








DUP 


NAC. 






G, I 


3UP. 






TRC 








VPC 








NAC 


VPC. 






TRC 








ACY 


ATL, 


BKS 


, BL, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC 


DUP 


G, NAC, 


TRC, VPC. 


DUP 


G. 






DUP 


NAC. 







98 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, J[96i--Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DTES—Continued 

•Direct orange dyes — Continued 

Direct Orange 78 

Direct Orange 79 

Direct Orange 80 

•Direct Orange 81 

Direct Orange 83 

Direct Orange 88 

•Direct Orange 102 

Other direct orange dyes 

•Direct red dyes: 

•Direct Red 1 

•Direct Red 2 

Direct Red 4 

Direct Red 5 

Direct Red 7 

•Direct Red 10 

•Direct Red 13 

•Direct Red 16 

Direct Red 20 

•Direct Red 23 

•Direct Red 24 

•Direct Red 26 

•Direct Red 28 

Direct Red 30 ^ 

•Direct Red 31 

Direct Red 32- - 

•Direct Red 37 

•Direct Red 39 

Direct Red 45 

Direct Red 46 

Direct Red 47 

Direct Red 53 

Direct Red 62 

Direct Red 72 

Direct Red 73 

•Direct Red 75 

Direct Red 76 

•Direct Red 79 

•Direct Red 80 

•Direct Red 81 

•Direct Red 83 

•Direct Red 84 

Direct Red 94 

Direct Red 99 

Direct Red 100 

Direct Red 111 

Direct Red 117 

Direct Red 120 

•Direct Red 122 

•Direct Red 123— - 

•Direct Red 127 and 127A 

Direct Red 139 

Direct Red 148- 

•Direct Red 149 

•Direct Red 152 — 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, VPC. 

DUP. 

DUP, VPC. 

DUP, G, NAC, VPC. 

G, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY, DUP, G. 

ALT, ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, lAW. 

ATL, DUP, NAC, TRC. 

ALT, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

NAC. 

YAW. 

ACY, AIL, KPC, NAC. 

ATL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

ATL, BKS, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

BKS, BL, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

G, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

BKS, DUP, NAC, TRC. 



ATL, 

DUP, 

ATL, 

VPC. 

ATL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

ACY, ATL, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

PCO. 

TRC. 

PCO. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

ACY, G, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, VPC. 

NAC. 

BKS, CMG, G, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

BKS, BL, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

ACY, ALT, BL, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ALT, ATL, BKS, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

TRC. 

G. 

DUP. 

G. 

CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

G, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

NAC, VPC. 

DUP, G, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, NAC. 



DYES 



99 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i— Continued 



Eijre 



DIBECT DYiS—Continued 

■i€)irect red dyes — Continued 

Direct Red 153 

Direct Red 155 

Direct Red 209 

'Other direct red dyes 

■"■Direct,. violet dyes: 

»Dlrecf Violet 1 -- 

Direct Violet 7 

»Direct Violet 9 

^Direct Violet U i 

»Direct Violet 22 

Direct Violet 30- - 

Direct Violet 47 - 

Direct Violet 48 

Direct Violet 49 

Direct Violet 51 

Direct Violet 60 

Direct Violet 67 

Direct Violet 68 

Other direct violet dyes 

»Direct blue dyes: 

»Direct Blue 1 

»Direct Blue 2 

Direct Blue 3 

♦Direct Blue 6 

■»Direct Blue 8 

Direct Blue 10 

♦Direct Blue 14 

♦Direct Blue 15 

Direct Blue 18 

Direct Blue 21 

♦Direct Blue 22 

♦Direct Blue 24 

♦Direct Blue 25 

♦Direct Blue 26 

Direct Blue 27 

Direct Blue 34 

Direct Blue 47 

Direct Blue 52 

Direct Blue 55 

Direct Blue 61 

Direct Blue 66 

♦Direct Blue 67 

♦Direct Blue 71 

Direct Blue 74 

Direct Blue 75 — - 

♦Direct Blue 76- 

♦Direct Blue 78- 

Direct Blue 79 — . 

♦Direct Blue 80 

Direct Blue 84 

♦Direct Blue 86 

♦Direct Blue 98 

Direct Blue 99 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MAC, VPC. 

G, VPC. 

TRC. 

ALT, BL, DUP, G, PCO, TRC. 

DUP, KPC, MAC, TRC. 

G, MAC. 

ATL, DUP, G, KPC, MAC, TRC. 

ATL, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

KPC. 

DUP, G. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

ALT. 

ACY, ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, BL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

NAC. 

ACY, ATL, BL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

ACY, ATL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

DUP. 

ATL, DUP, NAC, TRC. 

ATL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

G. 

TRC. 

ATL, DUP, NAC, TRC. 

BKS, DUP, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

ATL, DUP, TRC. 

DUP. 

VPC. 

ACY. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

YAW. 

DUP, VPC. 

DUP, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 

TRC. 

ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

ALT, ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, ATL, BL, CMG, DUP, G, ICC, KPC, NAC, TMS, TRC, 

VPC. 
ACY, ALT, ATL, BKS, G, ICC, KPC, NAC, STD, TRC, VPC. 
BL, G. 



100 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i- -Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DIRECT DYES--Continued 

■"Direct blue dyes — Continued 

Direct Blue 100 

Direct Blue 102 

Direct Blue lOA 

^Direct Blue 120 and 120A 

»Direct Blue 126 

Direct Blue 130 

Direct Blue 133 

Direct Blue 136 

Direct Blue 138— 

Direct Blue l<i3 ^ 

^Direct Blue 151 

Direct Blue 1-80 

Direct Blue 199 

Direct Blue 218 

Other direct blue dyes 

•Direct green dyes: 

*Direct Green 1 

»Dlrect Green 6 

Direct Green 8 

Direct Green 11 

Direct Green 12 

Direct Green 14 

Direct Green 15 

Direct Green 26 

Direct Green 27 

Direct Green 28 

•Direct Green 38 

Direct Green 39 

Direct Green 41 

Direct Green 45 

Direct Green 47 

Other direct green dyes 

•Direct brown dyes: 

•Direct Brown 1 

•Direct Brown lA 

•Direct Brown 2 

•Direct Brown 6 

Direct Brown 11 

Direct Brown 21 

Direct Brown 25 

Direct Brown 27 

Direct Brown 29 

•Direct Brown 31 -. 

Direct Brown 33 

Direct Brown 35 

Direct Brown 40 

Direct Brown 44 

Direct Brown 48 

Direct Brown 59 

•Direct Brown 74 

•Direct Brown 95 

Direct Brown 101 

Direct Brown 105 



BKS, 

CMG. 

DUP. 

ATL, 

DUP, 

NAC. 

G. 

G. 

G. 

DUP 

ATL 

BKS 

G. 

KPC 

ACY 

ACY 

ACY 

NAC 

NAC 

DUP 

NAC 

DUP 

NAC 

ATL 

THC 

DUP 

G. 

DUP 

VPC 

DUP 

ACY 

ACY 

TRC 

ACY 

ATL 

NAC 

DUP 

DUP 

G. 

MAC 

DUP 

DUP 

NAC 

DUP 



NAC, TRC. 



BKS, DUP, G, TRC. 
G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



G, NAC, TRC. 
TRC. 



ALT, ATL, BL, DUP, G, MAC, TRC, VPC. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
ATL, BKS, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 
TRC, YAW. 

NAC, TRC. 



TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 

G, TRC. 



G. 

ALT, ATL, X. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, G, NAC. 

YAW. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 



NAC. 



G, KPC, NAC, PCO, YAW. 
NAC. 

KPC. 



G, YAW. 

KPC. 

ACY 

DUP 

ALT 

G. 

DUP. 



KPC, NAC. 

ATL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, YAW. 



DYES 



101 



TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i~ Continued 



Dye 



DIRECT DYES— Continued 

»Direct brown dyes — Continued 

Direct Brovm 106 

»Dlrect Brown 111 

Direct Brown 112 

Direct Brown 125 

»Direot Brown 154 

Other direct brown dyes 

»Direct black dyes: 

Direct Black 3 

»Direot Black 4 

Direct Black 8 

*Direct Black 9 

Direct Black 17 

Direct Black 19 

»Direct Black 22 

Direct Black 36 

»Dlrect Black 37 

»Direct Black 38 

Direct Black 41 - - - 

Direct Black 44 

Direct Black 45 

"Direct Black 51 

Direct Black 55 

Direct Black 56 

Direct Black 61 

Direct Black 67 

"Direct Black 71 

Direct Black 74 

Direct Black 75 

"Direct Black 78 

"Direct Black 80 

Direct Black 109 

Direct Black 123— 

Other direct black dyes 

DISPERSE vres 

"Disperse yellow dyes: 

Disperse Yellow 1 

Disperse Yellow 2 

"Disperse Yellow 3 

"Disperse Yellow 5 

Disperse Yellow 8 

Disperse Yellow 11 

Disperse Yellow 17 

Disperse Yellow 23 

Disperse Yellow 28 

Disperse Yellow 31 

Disperse Yellow 32 

"Disperse Yellow 33 

Disperse Yellow 34 

"Disperse Yellow 37 

Disperse Yellow 42 

Disperse Yellow 45 

Disperse Yellow 54 

Other disperse yellow dyes 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G, NAC. 

DUP, G, TRC, VPC. 

NAC. 

G. 

DUP, G, TRC, YAW. 

ALT, ATL, BL, DUP, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

DUP. 

ATL, BKS, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

TRC. 

BKS, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

BKS, G, NAC, TRC. 

ATL, BKS, CMC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

KPC. 

DUP, KPC, NAC. 

ACY, ATL, BKS, BL, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

G. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

ATL, CMG, MAC. 

NAC. 

G. 

BKS, DUP, NAC, TRC. 

ATL, BKS, BL, G, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC, YAW. 

G. 

G. 

ACY, ALT, ATL, BL, G, NAC, YAW. 



G. 

DUP. 

DUP, 

EKT, 

DUP, 

NAC. 

KPC. 

DUP, 

KPC. 

G. 

DUP. 

EKT, 

EKT. 

EKT, 

DUP. 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP, 



EKT, G, HSH, ICC, KPC, NAC, SDH, STD, TRC. 

G, ICC. 

TRC. 



EKT. 



ICC, KPC. 
KPC, TRC. 

EKT, G, ICC, KPC. 



102 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE BB.— Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



DISPERSE DYES — Continued 



•Disperse orange dyes: 

•Disperse Orange 3 

•Disperse Orange 5 — - 

Disperse Orange 6 

Disperse Orange 16 

•Disperse Orange 17 

Disperse Orange 21 

Disperse Orange 25 

Disperse Orange 26 

Other disperse orange dyes— 
•Disperse red dyes: 

•Disperse Red 1 

Disperse Red <* 

•Disperse Red 5 

Disperse Red 7 

Disperse Red 9 

Disperse Red 11 

•Disperse Red 13 

Disperse Red 14 

•Disperse Red 15 

•Disperse Red 17 

Disperse Red 20 

Disperse Red 21 

Disperse Red 22 

Disperse Red 30 

Disperse Red 31 

Disperse Red 32 

Disperse Red 59 

Disperse Red 60 

Disperse Red 61 

Disperse Red 62 

Disperse Red 65 

Other disperse red dyes 

•Disperse violet dyes: 

•Disperse Violet 1 

•Disperse Violet 4 

Disperse Violet 8 

Disperse Violet 11 

Disperse Violet U 

Disperse Violet 18 

Disperse Violet 26 

Disperse Violet 27 

Other disperse violet dyes- 
•Disperse blue dyes: 

•Disperse Blue 1 

•Disperse Blue 3 

•Disperse Blue 7 

Disperse Blue 8 

Disperse Blue 9 

Disperse Blue 19 

Disperse Blue 27 

Disperse Blue 59 

Disperse Blue 60 

Disperse Blue 61 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, 
EKT, 
KPC. 
KPC. 
EKT, 
TRC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
EKT, 



EKT, G, ICC, KPC, STD, TRC. 
G, KPC. 



HSH, ICC, STD. 



ICC, NAC. 



TRC. 



DUP, KPC. 

G, KPC. 

G, ICC, KPC. 



ICC, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

HSH, ICC, KPC, SDH, STD, TRC. 



DUP, EKT, G, ICC, KPC, SDH, STD, TRC 

G, ICC. 

EKT, G, HSH, ICC, KPC, NAC, STD 

KPC. 

ACY, 

DUP, 

DUP, 

KPC. 

G, HSH, 

EKT, G, 

NAC. 

EKT. 

KPC. 

EKT, 

ICC. 

G. 

DUP, G. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, EKT, ICC, TRC 



TRC. 



DUP, 

DUP, 

G. 

EKT, 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EKT, 



ICC, 
ICC, 



KPC, STD, TRC. 
KPC, NAC. 



NAC. 



G, ICC. 



G, KPC, TRC. 

EKT, G, HSH, 

G, ICC, KPC, 

DUP. 

G, ICC. 

KPC. 

EKT. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 



ICC, KPC, NAC, STD, TRC. 
NAC, TRC. 



DYES 



103 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DISPERSE DTES—Continued 

•Disperse blue dyes — Continued 

Disperse Blue 62 

Disperse Blue 63 

Disperse Blue (A 

Disperse Blue 67 

Other disperse blue dyes 

Disperse brown dyes 

Disperse black dyes : 

^Disperse Black 1 

Disperse Black 2 

Disperse Black 6 

Disperse Black 7 

•Disperse Black 9 

Other disperse black dyes 

FIBER-REACTIVE DYES 

Reactive yellow dyes: 

Reactive Yellow 2 

Reactive Yellow 3 

Reactive Yellow 6 

Other reactive yellow dyes 

Reactive orange dyes: 

Reactive Orange 2 

Other reactive orange dyes 

Reactive red dyes: 

Reactive Red 4 

Other reactive red dyes 

Reactive violet dyes: 

Reactive Violet 2 

Other reactive violet dyes 

Reactive blue dyes: 

Reactive Blue 2 

Reactive Blue 5 

Reactive Blue 7 

Other reactive blue dyes 

Reactive brown dye: Reactive Brown 1 

Reactive black dyes: 

Reactive Black 1 

Other reactive black dyes 

FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 1 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 2 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent <V 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 6 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 8 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 9 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 22 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 24 ^ 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 25 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 30 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 33 



DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

EKT, G, ICC, NAC, VPC. 

DUP, EKT, ICC. 

DUP, G, KPC, TRC. 

DUP, KPC, TRC. 

DUP, KPC. 

G, YAW. 

DUP, EKT, G, KPC, NAC. 

DUP, EKT, ICC, YAW. 



TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 
AHC, HST. 

TRC. 
AHC, HST. 

TRC. 
AHC, HST. 

TRC. 
HST. 

TRC. 
TRC. 
TRC. 

AHC, HST. 
TRC. 

TRC. 
HST. 



GGY. 

FBC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, TRC. 

GGY. 

GGY. 

G. 

ACY, DUP. 

DUP, G. 

G. 



104 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



Manufaotiirers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENING AGENTS— Continued 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 34- 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 37 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 45 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 46 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 49 

Fluorescent Bi-ightening Agent 52 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 54 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 65 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 66 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 67 

^Fluorescent Brightening Agent 68 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 71 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 75 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 102 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 103 

Fluorescent Brightening Agent 125 

Other fluorescent brightening agents 

FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS 

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Dyes 

»FD&C Blue No. 1 

FDScC Blue No. 2 

FE&C Green No. 1 

FD&C Green No. 2 

FD&C Green No. 3 

*FDScC Red No. 2 - — 

»FD&C Red No. 3- - 

*FD&C Red No. 4 

FD&C Violet No. 1 

»FD&C Yellow No. 5 — 

»FDiS:C Yellow No. 6 — - 

Drug and Cosmetic Dyes 

D&C Black No. 1 - 

D&C Blue No. 1 — 

D&C Blue No. 6 

D&C Blue No. 7 

D&C Blue No. 9 

D&C Green No. 5 

D&C Green No. 6 

D&C Green No. 8 

D&C Orange No. 3 

»D&C Orange No. 4 

D&C Orange No. 5 

D&C Orange No. 10 

D&C Orange No. 14 

D&C Orange No. 15 

D&C Orange No. 17 

D&C Red No. 2— - — 

D&C Red No. 3- — 

DScC Red No. 6 



DUP. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

GGY. 

S. 

S. 

GGY. 

TRC. 

SDH. 

FBC, 

ACY, 

ACY, 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

ACY, 



CCW, SDH. 
G. 



CCW, G, GGY, S, TRC, VPC. 



BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, WJ. 

KON, NAC. 

KON, NAC, WJ. 

NAC, SDH, WJ. 

WJ. 

BAT, KON, MAC, SDH, STG, WJ. 

BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG. 

BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG, WJ. 

KON, NAC. 

KON, NAC, SDH, STG, WJ. 

BAT, KON, NAC, SDH, STG, WJ. 



KON, NAC, YAW. 

KON. 

KON, NAC. 

KON. 

NAC. 

KON. 

HSH, KON. 

KON, SDH. 

KON. 

KON, SNA, TMS. 

KON, TMS. 

TMS. 

TMS. 

SNA. 

KON, SNA. 

KON, SNA. 

KON, SNA. 

SNA, TMS. 



DYES 

TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



105 



Dye 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC COLORS— Continued 
Drug and Cosmetic /)yes- -Continued 

»D8:C Red No. 7 

D&C Red No. 8 

D&C Red No. 9 — 

DiC Red No. 10 - 

niC Red No. 11 - 

D&C Red No. 12 - 

D&C Red No. 13 

»D&C Red No. 19 - 

»D»C Red No. 21 - 

D&C Red No. 22 

D&C Red No. 27 

D&C Red No. 28 

nScC Red No. 30 - 

D&C Red No. 31 — 

D&C Red No. 3<t-- 

D&C Red No. 35-- — 

»D&C Red No. 36 

D&C Violet No. 2- - — 

«D&C Yellow No. 5 

D&C Yellow No. 6 

D&C Yellow No. 7 - - 

D&C Yellow No. 10 

D&C Yellow No. 11 

Drug and Costnetic Dyes, External 

Ext. D6C Orange No. 3 

Ext. D&C Red No. 2 — — 

Ext. D&C Red No. 8 

Ext. D&C Red No. 13 — 

Ext. D&C Red No. 15 

Ext. D&C Violet No. 2 — 

Ext. D&C Yellow No. 1 

Ext. n&C Yellow No. 5— — - - 

Ext. D&C Yellow No. 7 — 

INGRAIN DYES 

Ingrain Blue 2 

MORDANT DYES 

»Mordant yellow dyes : 

»Mordant Yellow 1 

Mordant Yellow 3 

»Mordant Yellow 5 

»Mordant Yellow 8 ' 

♦Mordant Yellow 10 

Mordant Yellow \A 

♦Mordant Yellow 16 

Mordant Yellow 18 

Mordant Yellow 20 



KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON. 






SNA, 


TMS. 




KON. 






KON. 






KON, 


SNA. 




KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


SNA. 






KON, 


SUA, 


TMS 


KON. 






KON, 


SNA, 


TMS 


KON. 






KON, 


TMS. 




MAC. 






KON. 







KON. 

TMS. 

KON. 

KON. 

KON, MAC. 

HSH, KON. 

KON. 

KON. 

KON. 



VPC. 



ACY, ATL, G, PDC, TRC. 

NAC. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

PDC. 

NAC, TRC. 



658234 O - 62 - 8 



106 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



ManuTacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MORDANT DYES— Continued 

»Mordant yellow dyes — Continued 

Mordant Yellow 26 

Mordant Yellow 29 

Mordant Yellow 30 

Mordant Yellow 36 

Other mordant yellow dyes 

*Mordant orange dyes : 

»Mordant Orange 1 

Mordant Orange 4 

Mordant Orange 6 

Mordant Orange 8 

Mordant Orange 30 

Mordant red dyes : 

^Mordant Red 3 

Mordant Red 5 

Mordant Red 6 

■"■Mordant Red 7 

Mordant Red 9 

Mordant Red 11 

Mordant Red 36 

Mordant Red 59 

Mordant violet dyes: 

Mordant Violet 5 

Mordant Violet 11 

Mordant Violet 20 

»Mordant blue dyes: 

«Mordant Blue 1 

Mordant Blue 3 

Mordant Blue 7 

■xMordant Blue 9 

Mordant Blue 13 

Mordant Blue 32 

Mordant green dyes: 

Mordant Green 9 

Mordant Green 11 

Mordant Green 17 

Mordant Green 36 

Other mordant green dyes 

■»Mordant brown dyes: 

»Mordant Brown 1 

Mordant Brown 12 

Mordant Brown 13 

Mordant Brown 15 

Mordant Brown 17 

Mordant Brown 18 

Mordant Brown 19 

Mordant Brown 21 • 

«Mordant Brown 33 

*Mordant Brown 4-0 

Mordant Brown 50 

Mordant Brown 63 

Mordant Brown 70 



NAC, VPC. 

G. 

TRC. 

G. 

G. 

ACY, G, KPC, PDC, TRC. 

G, VPC. 

G, TRC. 

NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

ACY, G, KPC, NAC. 

NAC. 

G. 

ACY, CMG, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

G, MRX, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, KPC, NAC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

NAC. 

G. 

G. 

DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

TRC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

HSH, NAC. 

CMG. 

NAC. 

ACY. 

G. 

DUP, PDC. 

NAC. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, YAW. 

PDC. 

NAC. 

G, VPC. 

G, NAC. 

DUP, NAC. 

G, TRC. 

G. 

DUP, NAC, TRC. 

CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP, PDC. 



DYES 



107 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



MORDANT DYES— Continued 

•Mordant black dyes : 

•Mordant Black 1 

Mordant Black 3 

Mordant Black 5 

Mordant Black 7 

Mordant Black 8 

Mordant Black 9 

•Mordant Black 11 

•Mordant Black 13 

Mordant Black 16 

•Mordant Black 17 

Mordant Black 26 

Mordant Black 33 

•Mordant Black 38 

OXIDATION BASES 

Oxidation Base 8 and 8A 

Oxidation Base 22 

Oxidation Base 25 

Other oxidation beises 

SOLVENT DIES 

•Solvent yellow dyes: 

Solvent Yellow 1 

•Solvent Yellow 2 

Solvent Yellow 3 

Solvent Yellow 13 

•Solvent Yellow 14 

Solvent Yellow 19 

Solvent Yellow 29 

Solvent Yellow 33 — 

Solvent Yellow 34 

Solvent Yellow 40 

Solvent Yellow 42 

Solvent Yellow 43 

Solvent Yellow 44 

Solvent Yellow 45 

•Solvent Yellow 47— 

Solvent Yellow 66 

Other solvent yellow dyes 

•Solvent orange dyes: 

Solvent Orange 2 

•Solvent Orange 3 

Solvent Orange 5 

•Solvent Orange 7 

Solvent Orange 20 

Solvent Orange 23 

Solvent Orange 24 

Solvent Orange 25 

Solvent Orange 31 

Other solvent orange dyes 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAG, TRC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

G. 

VPC. 

G, NAC, VPC. 

ATL, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, G, HSH, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

G, NAC. 

ACY, CMC, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

HSH. 

CMG, DUP, G, NAC, TRC, VPC. 



ACY. 

ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY, CMG, PDC. 



ACY. 

ACY, DUP, FH, G, KPC, NAC, PAT. 

DUP, G, KPC, NAC, SDH. 

ACY, G, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, FH, G, KPC, ^JAC, PAT, SDH, TRC. 

G. 

G, NAC. 

ACY, NAC. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

NAC. 

G. 

G. 

DUP, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, G. 

ACY. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, PAT. 

NAC. 

ACY, G, NAC. 

G, TRC. 

ACY, G, NAC. 

ACY, G, NAC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

NAC. 

ACY, DSC, DUP, FH, KPC, PAT. 



108 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 8B. —Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



SOLVENT DYES-'Continued 



»Solvent red dyes: 

Solvent Red 8 

Solvent Red 22 

^Solvent Red 2^ 

^Solvent Red 26 

Solvent Red 27 

Solvent Red 33 

Solvent Red 3i, 

Solvent Red 35 

Solvent Red 40 

*Solvent Red 4-9 

Solvent Red 52 

Solvent Red 60 

Solvent Red 63 

Solvent Red 65 

Solvent Red 68 

Solvent Red 69 

Solvent Red 80 

Other solvent red dyes 

Solvent violet dyes: 

^Solvent Violet 8 

Solvent Violet 9 

Solvent Violet 13 

Solvent Violet 14 

Other solvent violet dyes- 
*Solvent blue dyes: 



♦Solvent Blue 4 

Solvent Blue 5 

Solvent Blue 7 

Solvent Blue 9 

Solvent Blue 11 

Solvent Blue 12 

Solvent Blue 16 

Solvent Blue 30 

Solvent Blue 31 

Solvent Blue 32 

Solvent Blue 34 

Solvent Blue 36 

Solvent Blue 37 

♦Solvent Blue 38 

Solvent Blue 43 

Other solvent blue dyes — 
♦Solvent green dyes: 

♦Solvent Green 1 

Solvent Green 2 

♦Solvent Green 3 

Solvent Green 10 

Solvent Green 11 

Other solvent green dyes- 
Solvent brown dyes: 

Solvent Brown 11 

Solvent Brown 12 

Solvent Brown 17 

Solvent Brown 19 

Solvent Brown 20 

Solvent Brown 21 

Other solvent brown dyes- 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G. 


G. 


ACY, DUP, FH, G, MAC, PAT, SDH. 


ACY, KPC, MAC. 


NAC. 


DUP. 


DUP. 


G. 


G. 


ACY, DUP, G, NAC. 


G, KPC. 


NAG. 


NAC. 


NAC. 


NAC. 


DUP. 


ACY. 


ACY, DSC, DUP, FH, G, PAT, VPC 


ACY, DSC, NAC. 


DSC. 


HSH, KPC, NAC. 


AHC. 


DSC, PAT. 


DSC, DUP, G, NAC, NYC, SDH. 


DSC. 


ACY, NAC. 


G. 


G. 


DUP, NAC. 


NAC. 


NAC. 


NAC. 


KPC. 


DUP. 


DUP, NAC. 


DUP. 


ACY, CMG, DUP, NAC. 


NAC. 


ACY, DSC, G, KPC, NAC, PAT. 


ACY, DSC, SDH. 


G. 


ACY, AHC, G, HSH, KPC, NAC 


DUP. 


DUP. 


DSC, NAC. 


G. 


G. 


DUP. 


DUP. 


ACY, DUP. 


NAC. 


ACY, ESC, FH, PAT. 



DYES 



109 



TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Eye 



SOLVENT DYES— Continued 

Solvent black dyes : 

Solvent Black 3 

Solvent Black 5 

Solvent Black 7 

Sblvent Black 12 

Solvent Black 13 

Solvent Black 17---. 

Solvent Black 19 

Solvent Black 24 

Other solvent black dyes 

All other solvent dyes 

SULFUR DIES 

Sulfur yellow dyes : 

Sulfur Yellow 2 

»Solubilized sulfur Yellow 2 

Sulfur Yellow 3 

Sulfur Yellow 4 

Sulfur orange dye: Sulfur Orange 1 

Sulfur red dyes: 

»Sulfur Red 1 

»Sulfur Red 6 

Sulfur Red 8 

Sulfur blue dyes: 

Sulfur Blue 5 

^Sulfur Blue 7 

Solubilized Sulfur Blue 7 

Sulfur Blue 9 

Sulfur Blue 10 

Sulfur Blue 11 

Sulfur Blue 13— 

Solubilized Sulfur Blue 13 

»Sulfur Blue 15 

Other sulfur blue dyes 

Sulfur green dyes: 

Sulfur Green 1 

«Sulfur Green 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Green 2 

Sulfur Green 3 

Sulfur Green 8 

Sulfur Green 11 

Sulfur Green 14 

Sulfur Green 16 

Sulfur Green 28 

Sulfur brown dyes: 

Sulfur Brown 3 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 3 

»Sulfur Brown 10 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 10 

Sulfur Brown 14 

Sulfur Brown 20 

Sulfur Brown 26 

Sulfur Brown 30 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MAC. 

ACY, NAC. 

AGY, NAC. 

NAC. 

MAC. 

DUP. 

G. 

DUP. 

ACY, DSC, m. 

PAT. 



ACY, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


AUG, 


NAC. 


AUG. 






DUP, 


SDC. 




SDC. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


DUP. 






ACY. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC, SDC 


ACY, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


ACY, 


NAC. 




TRC. 






DUP, 


NAC. 




ACY, 


NAC. 




ACY. 






ACY, 


DUP, 


NAC. 


NAC. 






NAC. 






DUP, 


NAC, 


SDC. 


SDC. 






NAC. 






AUG. 






DUP. 






DUP. 






AUG. 






AUG. 






SDC. 






SDC. 






AUG, 


DUP, 


NAC, SDC 


SDC. 






ACY. 






DUP. 






NAC. 






ACY. 







]10 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 8B. --Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. productirm or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



SULFUR DYES'-Continued 

Sulfur brovm dyes — Continued 

Sulfur Brown 33 

Sulfur Brown 37 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 37 

Sulfur Brown 39 

Sulfur Brown AO 

Sulfur Brown 43 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 43 

Sulfur Brown 44 

Solubilized Sulfur Brown 44 

Sulfur Brown 45 

Sulfur Brown 50 

Sulfur Brown 76 

Other sulfur brown dyes 

Sulfur black dyes: 

»Sulfur Black 1 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 1 

Sulfur Black 2 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 2 

Sulfur Black 6 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 6 

Sulfur Black 10— 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 10— 

Sulfur Black 11 

Solubilized Sulfur Black 11 

VAT DYES 

»Vat yellow dyes : 

Vat Yellow 1, 12-l/2f,- 

*Vat Yellow 2, 8-l/2?t — - 

Solubilized Vat Yellow 2, 23f, 

Vat Yellow 3, 12-1/25^ — 

*Vat Yellow 4, 12-1/2% 

»Solubilized Vat Yellow 4, 37-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 10, 10% 

Vat Yellow 13, 6-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 14, 12-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 15, 11-1/2K 

Vat Yellow 16, 16-2/3% 

Vat Yellow 21, 9-1/2% 

Vat Yellow 22, 10%- 

Vat Yellow 34 

Vat Yellow 41 

Other vat yellow dyes 

»Vat orange dyes : 

»Vat Orange 1, 20% 

^Solubilized Vat Orange 1, 26% 

»Vat Orange 2, 12% 

»Vat Orange 3, 13-1/2% 

»Vat Orange 4, 6% 

»Vat Orange 5, 10% 

»Solubilized Vat Orange 5, 30% 

Vat Orange 7, ll%— — — 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY. 
SDC. 
SDC. 
DUP. 
DUP. 
MAC. 
MAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
NAC. 
MAC. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



ACY, DUP, 


NAC, SDC 


ACY, NAC, 


SDC. 


DUP, NAC. 




ACY, NAC. 




G. 




NAC. 




ACY, DUP. 




ACY, NAC. 




G, SDC. 




SDC. 





NAC. 

ACY, AHC, ATL, DUP, G, HST, KPC, NAC, PCO, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, G. 

DUP, KPC, NAC. 

ACY, AHC, CMC, G, HST, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

G. 

AHC. 

TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP. 

DUP, PCO. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

G, MAY, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, CMG, G, HST, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, CMG, DUP, G, NAC. 

ACY, DUP, HST, KPC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

G, HST, TRC. 



DYES 



111 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



r^ 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VAT DYES—Continued 

»Vat orange dyes — Continued 

»Vat Orange 9, 12% 

Vat Orange 11, 6% 

»Vat Orange 15, 10% 

Vat Orange 23 

Vat Orange 2A 

Other vat orange dyes 

Vat red dyes: 

»Vat Red 1, 13% 

Solubilized Vat Red 1, 37% 

Vat Red 10, 18% 

Solubilized Vat Red 10, 31%- — 

Vat Red 12, 8-1/2% 

»Vat Red 13, 11% — 

Vat Red U, 10% 

»Vat Red 15, lOr 

Vat Red 16, 11% -- 

Vat Red 17, 10% 

Vat Red 27, 7-1/2% 

Vat Red 29, 18% 

Vat Red 32, 20% 

Vat Red 35, 12-1/2V 

Vat Red -41, 20% 

Vat Red AA, 177 

Vat Red 52 - 

Vat Red 53 

Other vat red dyes 

Vat violet dyes: 

»Vat Violet 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Violet 1, 26% 

»Vat Violet 2, 20% 

Vat Violet 3, 15% 

Solubilized Vat Violet 3, 43% 

»Vat Violet 9, 12% 

Vat Violet 12, 10% 

»Vat Violet 13, 6-1/4% 

Vat Violet 14, 12-1/2% 

»Vat Violet 17, 12-1/2%-— - 

Other vat violet dyes 

Vat blue dyes : 

»Vat Blue 1, 207 

Solubilized Vat Blue 1, 25% 

Vat Blue 3, 16% — 

»Vat Blue 4, 10% 

»Vat Blue 5, 16%- --- 

Solubilized Vat Blue 5, 38% 

»Vat Blue 6, 8-1/3% - 

»Solubilized Vat Blue 6, 17-1/2% 

Vat Blue 7, 12-1/2% 

Solubilized Vat Blue 9, 35% 

»Vat Blue 14, 8-1/3% 

Vat Blue 16, 16% 

»Vat Blue 18, 13%—- 

»Vat Blue 20, 14% 

Vat Blue 35, 20% 



ACY, AHC, CMC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, VPC. 

ACY, DUP, HST, KPC, NAC. 

G, HST. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

G. 

DUP. 

DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

G, HST. 

G, HST, KPC, TRC. 

DUP. 

G. 

DUP. 

G, NAC. 

G, NAC. 

G, NAC, TRC. 

HST. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, G. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, G. 

ACY, DUP, G, HST, NAC, VPC. 

G, HST, NAC. 

G. 

AHC, DUP, G, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP, G, NAC. 

NAC. 

DOW, DUP, NAC. 

G. 

HST. 

ACY, DUP, G. 

ATL, DUP, HST, NAC, VPC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

NAC. 

G. 

DUP, G, NAC, TRC. 

ACY, DUP, NAC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, TRC. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, PCO, TRC. 

DUP. 



112 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 8B. — Coal-tar dyes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Dye 



VAT DYES— Continued 

Vat blue dyes — Continued 

Vat Blue 39, 12% 

Vat Blue 43 

Vat Blue 60 

Vat Blue 61 

Other vat blue dyes 

Vat green dyes: 

»Vat Green 1, 6% 

»Solubilized Vat Green 1, 12-1/2% 

»Vat Green 3, 10% 

»Solubllized Vat Green '3, 26% 

»Vat Green 8, 8-^2% 

*Vat Green 9, 12-1/2% 

Vat Green 15 

Vat Green 18, 8% 

Vat Green 19, 13% 

Vat Green 20, 6% - 

»Vat brown dyes: 

»Vat Brown 1, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 1, 17% 

»Vat Brown 3, 11% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 3, 17% 

»Vat Brown 5, 13% 

Solubilized Vat Brown 5, 11% 

Vat Brown 6 

Vat Brown 11, 12% 

Vat Brown 12, 12-1/25^ 

Vat Brown 13, 17% 

Vat Brown U, 12% 

»Vat Brown 20, 10-1/2% 

Vat Brown 25, 11-1/2% 

Vat Brown 29, 13% 

Vat Brown 31, 28% 

Vat Brown 38, 20%- 

Vat Brown 40, 14% 

Vat Brown 51 

Other vat brown dyes 

*Vat black dyes: 

Vat Black 1 - 

♦Solubilized Vat Black 1, 27-1/2% 

Vat Black 9, 16% 

Vat Black 11, 17-1/2% 

Vat Black 13, 14% 

Vat Black 14, 11-1/2% 

Vat Black 17, 16% 

Vat Black 18, 15-1/2% — 

Vat Black 21, 18-1/2% 

Vat Black 22, 19% 

»Vat Black 25, 12-1/2%— 

Vat Black 26, 24% — 

*Vat Black 27, 12-1/2% 

Vat Black 29, 12-1/2% — 

Vat Black 30 

Vat Black 36 

Other vat black dyes 

All other dyes 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



G. 

DUP, SDC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, G, NAG. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MA5C, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, G, HST. 

AHC, DUP, G, NAC, 

ACY, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, SDC, TRC. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

AHC, G. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC, VPC. 

AHC. 

ACY, DUP, G, HST, KPC, NAC, VPC. 

G. 

TRC. 

MAY. 

DUP, NAC. 

MAY. 

HST. 

CMG. DUP, G, KPC, NAC. 

G. 

ACY. 

KPC. 

AHC. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP, KPC, MAY, NAC, SDC, TRC, VPC. 

G. 

AHC, G, HST. 

ACY, G, NAC, TRC. 

ACY. 

DUP, NAC. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

G, NAC. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

NAC. 

ACY, AHC, CMG, DUP, G, KPC, MAY, NAC, TRC. 

TRC. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

ACY, AHC, DUP, G, NAC, SDC, TRC, VPC. 

WLM, X. ^_^ 



TONERS AND LAKES 
Toners and Lakes 



113 



TABLE IIB.— Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 



[Toners and lakes for which separate statistics are given in table llA are marked below with an asterisk (»); prod- 
ucts not so marked do not appear in table llA because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be 
published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manu- 
facturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Product 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS 

*Yellow toners: 
»Hansa yellows: 

^Pigment Yellow 1, C.I. 11 680— 

^Pigment Yellow 3, C.I. 11 710 — 

Pigment Yellow ^, C.I. 11 665 - — 

Pigment Yellow 5, C.I. 11 660— 

Pigment Yellow 6, C.I. 11 670 

Pigment Yellow 9, C.I. 11 720— 

Pigment Yellow ^9, C.I. 11 765 

All other Hansa yellows 

Benzidine yellows: 

*Pigment Yellow 12, C.I. 21 090 

*Pigment Yellow 13, C.I. 21 100 

^Pigment Yellow 14, C.I. 21 095 

»Pigment Yellow 17, C.I. 21 105 

Other benzidine yellows 

Pigment Yellow 16, C.I. 20 040 

Pigment Yellow 18, C.I. 49 005 

CBasic Yellow 2), C.I. 41 000, fugitive. 

(Vat Yellow 1), C.I. 70 600 

(Vat Yellow 20), C.I. 68 420 

All other 

«Orange toners: 

Pigment Orange 1, C.I. 11 725 ■ 

Pigment Orange 2, C.I. 12 060 

»Pigment Orange 5, C.I. 12 075 

Pigment Orange 9 

^Pigment Orange 13, C.I. 21 110 

Pigment Orange 15, C.I. 21 130 

»Pigment Orange 16, C.I. 21 160 

(Vat Orange 3), C.I. 59 300 

(Vat Orange 7). C.I. 71 105 ■ 

All other 

*Red toners: 
*Naphthol reds: 

»Pigment Red 2, C.I. 12 310 ■ 

^Pigment Red 5, C.I. 12 490 

Pigment Red 7, C.I. 12 420 • 

Pigment Red 9, C.I. 12 460 

Pigment Red 10, C.I. 12 440 - 

»Pigment Red 13, C.I. 12 395 



ACY, AHC, AMS, DUP, EAK, FCL, G, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

KON, PPG, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 

HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, PPG, S, SNA, SW. 

HSH, SNA. 
IMP. 

CIK, IMP. 
SNA. 
AHC. 

HCC, KCW, SDH, SW, WDC, X. 

ACY, AMS, DUP, FCL, G, HAR, HCC, HSH, ICC, IMP, KON, 

LVY, MRX, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 

FCL, G, HAR, ICC, IMP, ROM, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ACY, PilE, DUP, G, HAR, HCC, HSH, HST, ICC, IMP, KON, 

MRX, ROM, S, SDH, SNA, SW, X. 

ACY, AMS, HSH, ICC, IMP, SDH, SNA, SW. 

ICC, SW, X. 
HST. 
IMP. 
MRX. 
HAR. 

HAR, TRC. 

ACY, SW, X. 

HAR, KCW, SNA. 

CC, FCL, IMP, SDH, SUC, SW. 

ACY, EAK, HSH, IMP, SNA, SUC, SW. 

DUP. 

ACY, AMS, CC, DUP, G, HAR, ICC, IMP, KON, S, SNA, SW. 

HAR. 

CC, DUP, G, HAR, HST, ICC, IMP, S, SNA, SW. 

HAR, TRC. 

ICC, TRC. 

ICC, KON, SDH, SW. 



EAK, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, KCW, KON, S, SW. 

AHC, G, HAR, HST, ICC, IMP, ROM, S, SNA, SW. 

AHC, S. 

DUP, IMP. 

KCW. 

HAR, IMP, KCW. 



See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



114 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE IIB. — Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Product 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



TONERS— Continued 
»Red toners — Continued 
^Naphthol reds — Continued 

Pigment Red 14, C.I. 12 380 

Pigment Red 15, C.I. 12 465 

^Pigment Red 17, C.I. 12 390 

^Pigment Red 18, C.I. 12 350— 

Pigment Red 19, C.I. 12 400— — — ■ 

♦Pigment Red 22, C.I. 12 315 

♦Pigment Red 23, C.I. 12 355 - - 

Pigment Red 31, C.I. 12 360 

All other naphthol reds 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, dark 

♦Pigment Red 1, C.I. 12 070, light- 

♦Pigment Red 3, C.I. 12 120 

♦Pigment Red 4, C.I. 12 085 — 

Pigment Red 6, C.I. 12 090 

♦Pigment Red 38, C.I. 21 120 

Pigment Red 40, C.I. 12 170 

Pigment Red 41, C.I. 21 200 - - 

♦Pigment Red 48, C.I. 15 865 

♦Pigment Red 49, C.I. 15 630: 

♦Bariim toner 

♦Calcium toner 

♦Sodium salt 

All other Pigment Red 49 toners 

♦Pigment Red 52, C.I. 15 860 - • 

Pigment Red 53, C.I. 15 585: 
♦Barium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 54, C.I. 14 830: 

♦Calcium toner 

Sodium salt 

Pigment Red 55, C.I. 15 820 

♦Pigment Red 57, C. I. 15 850, calcium toner 

Pigment Red 58, C.I. 15 825 

♦Pigment Red 63, C.I. 15 880 

Pigment Red 64, C.I. 15 800 ■ 

Pigment Red 78 

Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, fugitive 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PMA 

♦Pigment Red 81, C.I. 45 160, PTA- ■ 

Pigment Red 87, CI'. 73 310 — ■ 

Pigment Red 88 

See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations 



DUP, HAR. 

DUP. 

ACX, BLN, FCL, ICC, IMP, S, SNA, SW. 

HAR, HSH, IMP, SW. 

DUP, HAH. 

ACY, DUP, FCL, HAR, IMP, MRX, SNA, SW. 

ACY, DUP, FCL, G, HAR, HCC, ICC, IMP, S, SNA, SUC, SW. 

ICC, SNA. 

DUP, ICC, KCW, SDH, SW, X. 

ACY, AMS, CIK, FCL, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, LVY, 

SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, CIK, EAK, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, PPG, SDH, SNA, 

SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, APC, BLN, CIK, DUP, EAK, FCL, HAM, HAR, HCC, HSH, 

IMP, KCW, KON, MRX, PPG, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, WDC. 
ACY, AMS, FCL, HCC, HSH, IMP, KON, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, 

SW, WDC. 
DUP, HCC, SW. 
G, HAR, ICC, SNA, SW. 
IMP. 

DUP, G, HAR. 
ACY, AMS, BLN, CC, DUP, FCL, G, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

KON, LVY, S, SNA, SW, UHL, WDC. 

ACY, AMS, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, PPG, SDH, SNA, 

SUC, SW, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, CC, CIK, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, 

PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
ACY, AMS, CC, CIK, FCL, HCC, KON, SDH, SUC, SW, 
KON. 
AMS, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, SUC, SW. 

ACYj ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, 

MRX, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
HAR, KON. 

IMP, MRX, SDH. 

G. 

DUP, HAR. 

ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, DUP, FCL, HAR, HCC, HSH, IMP, 

KON, LVY, S, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW. 
DUP, IMP. 

FCL, HAR, HSH, IMP, SNA, SW. 
HAR. 
DUP. 
BLN. 
BLN, CC, DUP, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, MGR, MRX, NYC, 

S, SNA. 
ACY, AMS, BLN, CC, DUP, EAK, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, 

MGR, MRX, S, SDH, SNA. 
HAR. 
HAR. 



TONERS AND LAKES 



115 



TABLE IIB. 



-Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Product 



TONERS- - Continued 

*Red toners — Continued 

^Pigment Red 90, C.I. 45 380 — 

Pigment Red 123 

(Vat Red 10), C.I. 67 000 - 

(Vat Red 29), C.I. 71 lAO 

All other 

*Violet toners: 

Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, fugitive 

^Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PMA - 

^Pigment Violet 1, C.I. 45 170, PTA 

»Plgment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, fugitive 

»Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PMA 

»Pigment Violet 3, C.I. 42 535, PTA- 

(Vat Violet 1), C.I. 60 010 

(Vat Violet 2), C.I. 73 385 

(Vat Violet 3), C.I. 73 395 — 

All other 

»Blue toners: 

*Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PMA- 

»Pigment Blue 1, C.I. 42 595, PTA- 

♦Pigment Blue 2, C.I, 44 045, fugitive 

♦Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PMA- 

♦Pigment Blue 2, C.I. 44 045, PTA- 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PMA- — 

Pigment Blue 3, C.I. 42 140, PTA 

Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PMA 

♦Pigment Blue 9, C.I. 42 025, PTA- 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. 44 040, PMA 

Pigment Blue 10, C.I. AA 040, PTA 

♦Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PMA— 

♦Pigment Blue 14, C.I. 42 600, PTA 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, alpha form 

♦Pigment Blue 15, C.I. 74 160, beta form 

♦Pigment Blue 19, C.I. 42 750A- — - 

Pigment Blue 22, C.I. 69 810— 

♦Pigment Blue 25, C.I. 21 180 - 

(Basic Blue 7), C.I. 42 595, PTA — 

(Vat Blue 6), C.I. 69 825 • 

(Vat Blue 21), C.I. 67 920— — 

All other 

Green toners: 

♦Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PMA • 

♦Pigment Green 1, C.I. 42 040, PTA - • 

♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PMA- 
♦Pigment Green 2, C.I. 42 040 and C.I. 49 005, PTA- 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, fugitive 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PMA 

♦Pigment Green 4, C.I. 42 000, PTA 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY, 
HAR. 
HAR. 
HAR. 
DUP, 



AMS, FCL, ICC, IMP, LVY, NYC, SDH, SNA. 



HAM, HAR, HCC, SW, x. 



NYC. 

EAL, FCL, HCC, IMP, KON, 



BLN, UHL. 

ADC, BLN, CC, IMP, LVR, MRX, 

ACY, AMS, BLN, CC, CIK, DUP, 

MGR, MRX, S, SDH, SNA. 
ACY, ADC, AMS, BLN, HCC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, NYC, 

SDH, sue, UHL. 
AMS, BLN, CC, CIK, DUP, EAK, HCC, IMP, KON, LVR, LVY, 

MGR, MRX, NYC, PPG, SDH, SNA, SUC, SW, UHL. 
ACY, AMS, CC, HCC, IMP, KON, MRX, SNA, SW. 
DUP. 
HAR. 
HAR. 
ACY, G, HAR, ICC, SW. 



ADC, 


BLN, CC, DUP, EAK, HCC, IMP, KON, LVR. 


LVY, USSR, 


MRX, NYC, SDH, SNA, SW, UHL. 




AMS, 


CC, HAR, IMP, MQR, SNA, SW. 




BLN, 


MGR, MRX, 




CC, 


LVR. 




HAM. 






MGR. 






MRX. 






IMP, 


MRX, NYC. 




BLN, 


CC, IMP, MGR, MRX, SDH. 




IMP, 


LVH, SDH. 




IMP. 






CC. 


DUP, IMP, NYC. 




CC, 


DUP, NYC. 




ACY, 


AHC, DUP, G, HAR, ICC, IMP, PCC, SNA, 


SUC, SW, 


IMS, TRC. 




ACY, 


ADC, DUP, IMP, KON, LVY, SNA, SUC, SW, 


IMS. 


ACY, 


ERD, NYC, SUC, SW. 




DUP, 


IMP, TRC. 




DUP, 


G, HAR, ICC. 




DUP. 






DUP, 


TRC. 




HAR. 






HAR, 


ICC, SDH, X. 




BLN, 


CC, IMP, MGR, MRX, NYC, UHL. 




BLN, 


IMP, MGR, SDH. 




ADC, 


CC, CIK, IMP, LVY, MGR, MRX, SDH, SNA, 


UHL. 


ACY, 


AMS, BLN, CC, DUP, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX, 


SDH. 


BLN, 


CC. 




ADC, 
ACY, 


BLN. 

AMS, IMP, MIR, SNA. 





See note at end of table for definition of abbreviations. 



116 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE IIB, — Toners and lakes for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Product 



TONERS — Continued 

Green toners — Continued 

•Pigment Green 7, C.I. 74 260 

•Pigment Green 8, C. I. 10 006 

Pigment Green 10, C.I. 12 775 

•Brown toners: 

Pigment Brown 1, C.I. 12 480 

Pigment Brown 2, C.I. 12 071 

•Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, fugitive 

•Pigment Brown 3, C.I. 21 010, PMA 

Pigment Brown 5, C.I. 15 800 

(Vat Brown 3), C.I. 69 015 

All other 

Black toners: 

Pigment Black 1, C.I. 50 440 

All other 

LAKES 

•Yellow lakes: 

(Acid Yellow l) , C.I. 10 316 

(Acid Yellow 3), C.I. 47 005 

(Acid Yellow 23), C.I. 19 140 

(Natural Yellow 10), C.I. 75 720 

•Orange lakes: 

Pigment Orange 17, C.I. 15 510 

(Acid Orange 8), C.I. 15 575 

All t>ther 

Red lakes: 

•Pigment Red 60, C.I. 16 105 — 

•Pigment Red 83, C.I. 58 000— - 

(Acid Red 17), C.I. 16 180— — 

(Acid Red 25), C.I. 16 050 

•(Acid Red 26), C.I. 16 150 ^ 

(Acid Red 27), C.I. 16 185 

(Natural Red 4), C.I. 75 470— — 

(Natural Red 24), C.I. 75 280- - 

All other 

•Violet lakes: 

•Pigment Violet 5, C.I. 58 055 - ■ 

Pigment Violet 20, C.I. 58 225- - 

(Acid Violet 17), C.I. 42 650 

Blue lakes: 

Pigment Blue 17, C.I. 74 180 - - 

•Pigment Blue 24, C.I. 42 090— - 

(Acid Blue 104), C.I. 42 735 

All other 

Green lakes: 

(Acid Green 3), C.I. 42 085 — 

All other 

•Black lakes: (Natural Black 3), C.I. 75 291 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
( according to list in table 23) 



ACY, DUP, G, HAR, PCC, SNA, SUC, SW, IMS. 
DUP, EAK, G, HSH, IMP, KCW, SNA, SW, 
DUP. 

AHC. 

SDH. 

KON. 

BLN, HAR, KCW. 

HAR, SNA. 

G. 

HAH, HSH, ICC, MGR, SDH, SW. 

SNA. 

BLN, CC, HAM, UHL. 



CPC, IMP. 

IMP, LVR. 

HAH, IMP, KON, MGR, MRX. 

IMP. 



CIK, CPC, IMP, KCW, 

IMP. 

APC, HAM. 



MGR. 



BLN, DUP, HCC, HSH, KON, MRX, SNA, SW. 

IMP, KON, MRX, PPG, SNA, SW, UHL. 

IMP, PPG, WDC. 

KON. 

CPC, EAK, HAM, IMP, KCW, SNA, UHL. 

KON. 

KON. 

IMP. 

APC, S, X. 

BLN, DUP, HAR, HSH, IMP, SNA. 

SW. 

BLN, HCC. 

BLN, CPC. 

ADC, AMS, BLN, CIK, ICC, IMP, KON, LVY, MGR, 

SDH, SNA. 
CPC, KCW. 
LVR. 

BLN, CPC. 

APC. 

CPC, KON, NYC. 



Note.— The C.I. Colour index numbers shown in this report are the identifying codes given in the second edition of 
the Colour Index. 

When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from which the 
pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

The abbreviations PMA and PTA stand for phosphomolybdic and phosphotungstic (including phosphotungstomoOybdlc) 
acids, respectively. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



117 



Medicinal Chemicals 



TABLE IZB.— Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, 
identified by manufacturer, 1961 

[Medicinal chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 13A in pt. II are marked below with an aster- 
isk ( *) ; medicinal chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 13A because the reported data are accepted in 
confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An 
X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 
Benzenoid 

3-Acetamldo-4^-hydroxydlthiobenzenearseno>Js acid, 3- 
hydroxypropylene ester. 

Acetarsone (N-Acetyl-4.-hydroxy-m-arsanllic acid) 
(Stovarsol) . 

Acetylglycol salicylate 

»Acetylsalicyllc acid (Aspirin) 

»Acetylsalicyllc acid, aluminum basic salt 

*Amlno acids: 

3,5-DiiodotyToslne 

dl-Phenylalanlne 

1-Tyrosine 

p-Amlnobenzoic acid and derivatives: 

p-Aminobenzoic acid 

Benzocalne (Ethyl p-aminobenzoate) 

Benzocalne, ethoxylated 

Butacalne base 

Butacaine sulfate 

n-Butyl p-amlnobenzoate 

Di (n-butyl p-amlnobenzoate ) trinitrophenol 

2-Dlethylaminoethyl 'l-amino-2-propoxybenzoate hydro- 
chloride . 

Isobutyl p-aminobenzoate (Cycloform) 

Procaine base and salts: 

Procaine acetate 

Procaine base 

Procaine hydrochloride 

Propyl p-amlnobenzoate 

Tetracaine (2-Dlmethylaminoethyl p-butylamlnobenzoate) 

base. 
Tetracaine hydrochloride 

p-Aminobenzoic acid salts: 

Potassium p-amlnobenzoate 

Sodium p-amlnobenzoate 

"4 -Aminosalicylic acid 

^-Aminosalicylic acid salts: 

Calcium ^-aminosalicylate 

Potassium <i-aminosallcylate 

Sodium ^-aminosalicylate 

p-Anlsoin (4,4'-DimethoxybenzolnJ 

Anthranllic acid, cadmium salt 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in. table 23) 



EN. 

SDW. 

ICO. 

CFC, DOW, MI£, MDN, NOR, SDG. 

ABB, SCH, SFA. 



EK. 




SDW. 




PEN. 




LEM, 


PYL. 


ABB, 


LEM, MIL 


BPC. 




ABB. 




ABB. 




ABB, 


ICO. 


ABB. 




SDW. 




ICO. 




RIK. 




LEM, 


MTL. 


ABB, 


LEM. 


ICO. 




ICO. 




ICO, 


SDW. 


GAN, 


LEM. 


CAN, 


LEM. 


MLS, 


PD. 


MLS. 




HEX, 


MLS. 


MLS. 




SPC. 




MAL. 





118 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

Benzeno id-- Continued 

»Antihlstamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy)-N,N-dimethyIethylamine hydrochloride-- 
Bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride 

1- ( p -Chlorobenzhydryl ) -<V- ( 3 -methy Ibenzyl ) piperazine 
(Meclizine) dihydrochloride . 

N,N-Dimethyl-2-(o-methyl-a-phenylbenzyloxy)ethylamine 
citrate. 

N,N-Dimethyl-2-(o-methyl-o-phenylbenzyloxy)ethylamine 
hydrochloride . 

N,N-Dimethyl-2-(a-phenyl-o-tolyloxy)ethylainine 
dihydrogen citrate. 

Benzaldehyde 

Benzoic acid 

Benzoic acid salt: Lithium benzoate 

»Bismuth subgallate 

Bismuth subsalicylate 

N,N '-Bis(3-nitrobenzenesuIfonyl)ethylenediamine 

Bis(3-nitrophenyl) disulfide 

l-Butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea 

Carbamic acid, S-hydroxyphenethyl ester 

Carbamic acid, 2-hydroxy-2-phenylbutyl ester 

p-Carbamidobenzenearsonic acid 

Chloramine B (N-Chlorobenzenesulfonamide, sodium 

derivative ) . 
Chloramine T (N-Chloro-p-toluenes\ilfonamide, sodium 

derivative ) . 
2- ( 2-Chlorophenyl ) -2- ( "i-chlorophenyl ) -1 ,l-dichloroethane- 
3-(p-Chlorophenylsulfonyl) -1-propylurea 

Chlorothymol 

l-Cyclohexyl-3-diethylamino-l-phenyl-l-propanol ethiodide 

Desoxyanisoin 

2,5-Diaminotoluene sulfate 

4,5-Dichloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide 

a-Diethylamino-2,6-acetoxylidide '■ 

1- [p-(P -Diethylaminoethoxy)phenyl] -l-p-tolyl-2-(p-chloro- 

phenyl) ethanol . 

2-Diethylaminoethyl 4-ethoxybenzoate hydrochloride 

2-Diethylaminoethyl fluorene-9-carboxylate hydrochloride-' 

2-Diethylaminopropiophenone 

3,'i-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid 

trans -a- ( •i-Dimethylaminocyclohexyl) - a, a-di ( 2-thienyl) - 

methanol methobromide . 

4-DimethyIamino-2,2-diphenylbutyramide ethobromide 

a-d-4-Dimethylamino-l,2-diphenyl-3-methyl-2-propoxybutane 

hydrochloride . 
4- ( 2-Dimethylaminoethoxy ) -N- ( 3 ,4 , 5-trimethoxybenzoyl) - 

benzylamine hydrochloride. 

N,2-Dimethyl-2-phenylsucciniinide 

Dimethyl-p-toluidine 

3,5-Dinitrobenzamide 

Diphenylacetyldi ethylaminoethanol hydrochloride 



PD. 
PD. 
PFZ. 

RIK. 

RIK. 

BRS. 

HN. 

MON. 

MYW. 

BKC, MAL, PEN. 

MAL, NOR, PEN. 

SAL. 

ACY. 

HST, X. 

ARP. 

ARP. 

LIL, PYL, RSA, WHL. 

NES. 

MON. 

EDC. 

PFZ. 

OPC. 

ACY. 

SPC. 

EK. 

MRK. 

AST. 

BKC. 

ICO. 
SRL. 
BKC. 
LIL. 
SCH. 

ICO. 
LIL. 

HOF. 

PD. 

EK, PYL. 

SAL. 

CEP. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



119 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINAL CHEMICA1£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Bemenoid — Continued 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

p-(Di-N-propylsulfajiiyl) benzoic acid 

»Dyes, medicinal: 

Acriflavine (3,6-Diamino-lO-methylaorldine chloride) 

2,4— Diamino-'i'-ethoxyazobenzene hydrochloride 

Gentian violet 

Merbromin (Dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, sodium salt) 

Methylene blue 

Pyr\d.nium chloride pamoate 

Pyrvinium methyl sulfate 

Scarlet red (Phenol red) 

Other 

Estrogens, nonsteroid: 

3,4-Bis(p-acetoxyphenyl)-2,4-hexadiene 

3,4-Bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2,3-hexadiene dlacetate 

Chlorotrianlsene 

4,4'-(l,2-Dlethylethylene)diphenol 

•aja'-Dlethyl-'l.^'-stilbenediol (Diethylstilbestrol) 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-diphenyldipropylamine 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-dlphenyldipropylamine citrate 

N-Ethyl-3,3'-dlphenyldlpropylamlne hydrochloride 

Ethylmercurithlosalicylio acid 

Ethy2taercurithlosalicyllo acid, sodium salt 

a-Ethyl-a-methylsucclnimlde 

a-Ethyl-a-phenylglutarimide (Doriden) 

Ethyl salicylate carbonate 

Gallic acid 

Glycol monosalicylate 

Guaiacol, liquid and crystalline 

Hexylreeorcinol 

M' -Hydroxyacetanllide 

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters: 

n-Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (Butoben) 

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate 

o-(p-Hydroxybenzoyl) benzoic acid 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)gentlsamide 

2,2'-(2-Hydroxyethylimlno)bls[N-(a,a-dimethylphenethyl)- 
N-methylaoetamlde] . 

Hydroxymercuri-4-nitro-o-oresol anhydride 

"i-Hydroxy-S-nitrobenzenearsonlc acid 

Mandellc acid (Phenylglyoollc acid) 

Mandellc acid, calcium salt 

2-Methoxyethyl p-methoxyoinnamate 

»3-(o-Methoxyphenoxy)-l,2-propanediol (Glyceryl gualaoyl 
ether). 

2-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-l,3-lndandlone 

N-Methyl-2-phenylsuccinlmlde 

2-Naphthol (P-Naphthol)— 

Neostigmine bromide 



Maniif acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list ih table 23) 



CP. 
MRK. 

NAC. 
KON. 

NAC, SDH. 
HYN. 
ACY, NAC. 

X. 

x. 

NAC. 
NAC. 

SCH. 

MI£. 

BKC. 

SPC. 

ABB, LIL, SPC. 

SPC. 

SPC. 

SPC. 

LIL. 

LIL, PYL. 

PD. 

CBP. 

ICO, PD. 

MAL. 

ICO, RDA. 

HN, MDN. 

HEX, MRK. 

ABB, MLS, NEP. 

HN, ICO. 

HN. 

HN, ICO, PYL. 

HN, ICO, PYL. 

LIL. 

ICO. 

WYT. 

ABB. 
SAL. 
MAL. 
MAL. 
GIV. 
GAN, HEX, ICO. 

SCH. 
PD. 
ACY. 
HEX, MED. 



120 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codea 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC --Continued 

Benzeno id- -Continued 

Neostigmine methyl sulfate 

p-Nitrobenzenearsonic acid 

Phenacaine [(Di-p-ethoxyphenyl)acetamidlne] hydrochloride -- 

Phenacetin (Acetophenetidin) 

Phenacetylurea 

Phenolphthalein 

Phenolsulfonic acid salts: 

Aluminum phenolsulfonate 

Ammonium phenolsulfonate 

Calcium phenolsulfonate 

Sodium phenolsulfonate 

Zinc phenolsulfonate 

2-Phenyl-tert-hutylamine resin complex 

2-Phenylethylhydrazine dihydrogen sulfate 

Phenylhendecenoic acid 

2-Phenyl-l,3-indandione 

P-Phenylisopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 

Phenyl mercuric derivatives: 
o-Chloromercurlphenol (o-Hydroxyphenylmercuric chloride) 

Phenylmerourlc acetate 

Phenylmercuric benzoate 

Phenylmerciiric borate 

Phenylmercuric nitrate 

l-(2H)-Phthalazone — 

Pyrogallic acid 

Resoroinol 

Resorcinol, bismuth salt 

Resorcinol, dimethyl ether 

Resorcinol monoacetate 

Resorcinol monobenzoate 

Roentgenographlo contrast media: 

3-Acetamido-2,'+,6-trilodobenzoic acid and sodium salt 

(Acetrlzoate sodium) . 
3-(3-Amino-2,'i,6-triiodophenyl) -2-ethylpropionic acid 

( lodopanoic acid ) . 
3,5-Diapetamido-2,'t,6-triiodobenzoic acid, sodium salt 

(Sodium diatrlzoate) . 
3,5-Dipropionamido-2,4.,6-triiodobenzoic acid and sodium 
salt (Sodium diprotrizoate) . 

Ethyl (iodophenyl)hendecanoate 

Sodium o-iodohippurate dihydrate 

Sallcylamide 

^Salicylic acid 

^Salicylic acid salts: 

Calclimi salicylate 

Magnesium salicylate 

Mercuric salicylate 

Potassium salicylate 

Sodium salicylate 

Strontium salicylate 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 



HEX, 


MED. 




SAL. 






GAN, 


SDW. 




DOW, 


M3N. 




ABB. 






MDN. 






MAL. 






SAL. 






MAL. 






MAL, 


SAL. 




MAL. 






X. 






NEP. 






EK. 






GAN, 


SPC. 




LKL. 






MIL. 






WRC. 






MIL, 


WRC. 




WRC. 






MTL, 


WRC. 




MAC, 


SDH. 




MAL. 






LEM. 






NEP. 






ASL. 






EK. 


FIN. 




EKT. 






MAL. 






SDW. 






SDW. 






MAL. 






X. 






MAL. 






CFC, 


X. 




CFG, 


DOW, HN, MDN, 


SDH 


DOW. 






MAL. 






MAL, 


MIL. 




X. 






DOW, 


HN, MDN. 




MAL. 






DOW, 


MAL, PEN. 





MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



121 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Matnif acturers ' identification codes 
(according to liet in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Bcnzcno id- -Continued 

Sodium antimony ( III )-biB(catechol-2,'4-disulfonate) 
(Fouadin). 

Sodium benzyl succinate 

8-Succinoylfluoranthene 

*Sulfa drugs: 

6-Acetajnldo-4-hydroxy-3-C'4' -sulf amoylphenylazo) -2,7- 
naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid, disodium salt. 

N^-Aeetyl-3,A-d1mRthyl-5-sulfanilamidoisoxazole 

N^-Acetylsulfamethoxypyridazine 

^'-(Acetyleulfamoyl)phthalanilic acid 

Benzoylsulfanllamlde 

Benzoylsulfanllamlde, sodium salt 

p-Benzylnmi nobenzenesulf onamide 

N'*' - ( 2 , 6-Dimethoxy-A-pyrl m1 dinyl ) sulfanilamide 

N-"-- (3, 4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) sulfanilamide 

N^-{5-Ethyl-l,3,'i-thladiazol-2-yl)sulfanilamide — 

N^-( 5-Methyl-3-i30xazolyl) sulf aiiilflmi de 

N^-(5-Methyl-l,3,'i-thiadlazol-2-yl)sulfanilamide 

4' - ( p-Nitrophenylflulf amoyl ) acetanl lide ( N* -Acetyl -N-"- - 
( 4-ni trophenyl ) sulf anilnml de ) . 

p-Nitrosulfathiazole 

Sulf abromomethazlne , sodium salt 

Sulfadiazine 

Sulfadiazine, sodium salt 

Sulfaguanidine 

Sulfamerazine 

Sulf amerazine , sodium salt 

Sulfamethazine 

Sulfamethoxypyrldazine 

Sulfanilamide (p-Aminobenzenesulf onamide) 

Sulf anilani lide— 

»N-Sulfanilylacetamide (Sulfacetamide) 

N-Sulfanilylacetamlde, sodium salt 

Sulfapyridine 

Siilfapyridine, sodium salt 

Sulfaqiilnoxallne 

Sulfasuxidine (Succinylsulfathiazole) 

Sulfathiazole 

Sulfathiazole, sodium salt 

[Sulfonylbis(p-phenylenimino)] dimethanesulfinlc acid, 
disodium salt. 

'i'-(2-Thiazolylsulfamoyl)phthalanlllc acid 

•Sympathomimetic (Adrenergic) agents: 

d-N-Benzyl-N,a-dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

3,4--Dihydroxynorephedrlne (3,4-Dihydroxyphenylpropanol- 
amine) hydrochloride. 

N,a-Dimethylphenethylamlne (Desoxyephedrine) base 

1-N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine 

«N,a-Dlmethylphenethylamlne hydrochloride 

«d-N,a-Dimethylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

*x-(l3opropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol 
(Isoproterenol) . 



SDW. 

LEM. 
SRL. 

SDW. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

LEM, MRK. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

SDW. 

HOF. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

SAL. 

SDW. 

MRK. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

MRK. 

SAL. 

ACY, LEM, PYL, SCH. 

LEM, SCH. 

ACY, MRK. 

ACY, MRK. 

MRK. 

MRK. 

ACY, MRK. 

ACY, MRK. 

ABB. 

LEM. 



X. 






SDW. 






HEX, 


PRR. 




ABB. 






GAN, 


HEX, 


PRR 


ABB, 


GAN, 


HEX 


ABB, 


GAH, 


SPC 



SS8234 O - 62 - 9 



122 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 13B. -Medicinal chemicals fcrr which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 196i~Contlnued 



Chemioal 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzeno id- -Continued 

^Sympathomimetic (Adrenergic) agents -Continued 

o-Methoxy-N,a-diiaetliylphenethylamne [l-(o-Methoxyphenyl) 
2-methylamnopropane] hydrochloride (Methoxyphenamine) . 

4<Methylamlnoethanolcateohol, racemic— ..-.-— 

a-d-MethylaminoethyDbenzyl alcohol ( Pseudoephedrme ) 

hydrochloride . 
a-(l-Methylaiiilnoethyl)benzyl alcohol sulfate—- --''" 
N- [2-{3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl)isopropyIl -a-aminomethyl- 
protocatechuyl alcohol hydrochloride. 

»a-Methylphenethylamine (Amphetamine) base 

a-Methylphenethylamine salts: 

a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride 

a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

a-Methylphenethylamine tannate 

d^-Methylphenethylamine (Dextroamphetamine) base 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine salts: 

d- a-Methylphenethylamine hydrochloride ^ 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine phosphate 

d-a-Methylphenethylamine sulfate 

»Norephedrine (Phenylpropanolamine) hydrochloride 

trans -2-Phenylcyclopropylamine sulfate 

1-Phenylephrine base 

♦Phenylephrine hydrochloride ' 

1-Phenylephrine tannate 

Tannin albuminate (Tannalbin) 

Thiosalicylic acid """"I' 

Thymol- 



Thymol iodide "" """ , 

*3-o-Toloxy-l,2-propanediol (o-Cresyl a -glyceryl ether) - 

Vitamins: 

Ki (2-Methyl-3-phytyl-l,4-naphthoquinone)— - — - 

«K3 (Menadione) (2-Methyl-l,'i-naphthoquinone) 

K3 (Menadione sodium bisulfite) 

K4 (2-Methyl-l,4-naphthalenediol diacetate and 

diphosphate, tetrasodium salt). 
K5 (4-Amino-2-methyl-l-naphthol) 



Alicyclic and Heterocyclic 



2-Aoetamido-5-nitrothlazole 

5-Acetamido-l,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamlde- 

Adenine (6-Aminopurine) 

Adenine hydrochloride 

Adenine sulfate 

Adenosine 

Adenosine-5-phosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid 

Adenosinetriphosphoric acid, salt 

Adenylic acid 

♦Alkaloids and related products: 

Berberine hydrochloride 

Colchicine 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MLS. 



DOD, SDW, VB. 




BUR, GAN. 




GAN, MRK. 




LKL. 


- 


HEX, ORT, PRR, 


SK. 


HEX. 




HEX. 




PRR. 




HEX. 




PRR. 




PRR. 




HEX, PRR, SK. 




GAM, HEX, ICO, 


NEP, ORT 


X. 




GAN. 




GAN, HEX, SDW, 


SPC. 


X. 




PYL. 




LIL. 




GIV, HNW, OPC. 




MAL. 




BKL, HEX, ICO. 




MRK. 




ABB, HET, HFT. 




ABB, HET. 




HOF. 





FD. 



ACY, 


PYL. 


ACY. 




ACY, 


KF. 


SBR. 




KF. 




SBR. 




PBS, 


SBR 


SBR. 




PBS, 


SBR 


SBR. 




ABB, 


PEN 


ABB, 


PEN 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



123 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to, list in table 23) 



MEDICINIAL CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC --Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic-'Continued 

•Alkaloids and related products — Continued 

Digitalis glucoside: Digitonin 

Eserine salicylate 

Ethylmorphine hydrochloride 

Homatropine 

Homatropine hydrobromide 

Homatropine methyl bromide 

Hydrastine 

Hydrastine hydrochloride 

Lobelia sulfate 

d-3-Methoxy-N-methylmorphinaii hydrobromide 

Quinidine sulfate 

Rauwolfia serpentina (Alseroxylon) fraction 

Reserpine 

Tubocurarine 

Veratrum viride (Alkavervir) 

Amino acids: 

dl-Acetyltryptophane 

dl -Tryptophane 

3- (2-Aminobutyl) indole acetate 

2-Amino-5-nitrothiazole 

3-Amino-2-oxa3olidinone 

l-[(4.-Amino-2-propyl-5-pyrijiiidinyl)methyl] -2-picolinium 
chloride hydrochloride. 

2-Aminopurine-6-thiol 

•Antibiotics for human or veterinary use: 

•Bacitracin 

Chloramphenicol 

7-Chloro-6-demethyltetracycline 

Chlortetracycline hydrochloride 

Cyoloheximide 

Cycloserine 

•Dlhydrostreptomyoin 

Erythromycin 

Fumagillin 

Gramicidin 

•Neomycin, base 

Novobiocin 

Nystatin 

Oleandomycin 

Oleandomycin triacetate 

Oxytetraoycline hydrochloride 

Paromomycin 

•Penicillin salts: 

Benzathine penicillin G 

Benzathine penicillin V 

Chloroprocalne penicillin 

Hydrabamine penicillin V 

Penicillin V 

•dl-a-Phenoxyethylpeniclllin 

•Potassium penicillin G 



PEN. 




PEN. 




MAL, MRK. 




HEX, SPC. 




SPC. 




EN, HEX, SPC. 




PEN. 




PEN. 




ABB. 




HOF. 




HEX. 




RIK. 




PEN. 




ABB, QMS. 




PEN, RIK. 




SDW. 




SDW. 




X. 




ACY. 




NOR. 




MRK. 




BUR. 




COM, PBS, PEN, 


PFZ. 


PD. 




ACY. 




ACY. 




UP J. 




COM. 




LIL, MRK, OMS, 


PFZ. 


ABB, LIL. 




ABB. 




BAX, PEN. 




ACY, MRK, OMS, 


PEN, PFZ, UPJ. 


MRK, X. 




OMS. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




PFZ. 




X. 




PFZ, WYT. 




WYT. 




UP J. 




ABB. 




LIL. 




BRS, QMS, PFZ. 




ABB, BRS, LIL, 


MRK, QMS, PFZ, WYT 



124 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE IZB.— Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and //eferocyc He- -Continued 

•Antibiotics for human or veterinary use — Continued 
■^Penicillin salts — Continued 

Potassium penicillin V 

•Procaine penicillin G 

Sodium 2,6-dimethoxyphenylpenioillin 

Sodium methylphenylisoxazolylpenicillin 

•Sodium penicillin G 

Sodium penicillin 

Polymixin B sulfate 

Ristocetin 

•Streptomycin 

•Tetracycline 

Thiostrepton 

Tyrothricin 

Vlomycin 

Other 

•Antibiotics for animal feed supplements, food preserva- 
tion, and crop spraying: 

Aterrimin 

Bacitracin 

Chlortetracyoline hydrochloride 

Hygromycin B 

Novobiocin mixture 

Oxytetracycline hydrochloride 

Penicillin salts: 

B.enzathine penicillin G 

•Procaine penicillin G 

Streptomycin 

•Antihistamines : 

2-(Benzhydryloxy) -N,N-dimethylethylamine 8-ohloro- 

theophyllinate . 
2- [Benzyl (2-dimethylamlnoethyl) amino] pyridine citrate — 
2-[Benzyl(2-dimethylaminoethyl) amino] pyridine hydro- 
chloride. 
2- [1- (p-Bromophenyl) -3-dlmethylaminopropyl] pyridine 

( Parabromidylamine ) maleate. 
1 - ( 4-Chlorobenzhydryl) --i- (p-tert-butylbenzyl ) piperazine 

dihydrochloride . 
l-(4-Chlorobenzhydryl) -4-methylpiperazine hydrochloride- 
2-[p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylaminoethoxy)benzyl] pyridine 

maleate. 
2-[p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylamlnoethoxy)benzyl] pyridine 

tartrate. 
•2- [p-Chloro-a- ( 2-dimethylaminoethyl)benzyl] pyridine 

maleate. 
d-2-[p-Chloro-a-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)benzyl] pyridine 

maleate. 
l-(p-Chlorophenyl ) -2-phenyl-'i-pyrrolidyl-l-butene 

diphosphate, hydrobromide and hydrochloride. 
2- [a - (2-Dimethylaminoethoxy ) -a-methylbenzylj pyridine 

succinate ( 2-(Methyl-2 '-dimethylaminoethoxybenzyl) - 

pyridine succinate). 



ABB, LIL. 

ABB, LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ, WYT. 

BRS. 

BRS. 

MRK, QMS, PFZ. 

UP J. 

PFZ. 

ABB. 

LIL, MRK, QMS, PFZ. 

ACY, BRS, PFZ. 

OMS. 

BAX, PEN. 

PFZ. 

BRS, LIL, OMS. 



IMC. 
COM, 
ACY. 
LIL. 

X. 

PFZ. 

PFZ 

ABB, 

MRK, 

SRL. 

CBP. 
CBP. 

SCH. 

PFZ. 

ABB, 
SCH. 



GPR, IMC, PBS, PEN. 



LIL, MRK, OMS, PFZ. 
PFZ. 



BUR. 



HEX, SCH, X. 

SCH. 

LIL. 

BKC. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



125 



TABLE 13B. --Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC- -Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic- -Contijn}e6 

♦Antihistamines — Continued 

2- ( 1 - [2 -.( 2-Dlmethylaiiiinoethyl ) inden-3-yl] ethyl )pyridine 

maleate . 
2- [(2-Dimethylainlnoethyl) (p-methoxybenzyl) amino] pyridine 

maleate. 
2- [(2-Dlmetbylaiiiinoethyl) (p-metho}[yhenzyl) amino] 
pyrimldine (N,N-Dimethyl-N '-p-methoxyhenzyl-N,2- 
pyrimidylethylenediamine ) . 
2- [(2-Dlmethylaminoethyl)thenylamino]pyridine fumarate 
( N ,N-Dimethyl-N ' , 2-pyridyl-N ', 2-thenylethylenediamine 
fumarate J . 
2- [(2-Dlmethylamlnoethyl)thenylamino] pyridine hydrochlo- 
ride (N,N-Dimethyl-N',2-pyridyl-N ',2-thenylethylene- 
diamine hydrochloride). 
2-[(2-Dimethylaminoethyl)thenylamino] pyridine o-(p- 
hydroxybenzoyl)'benzoate . 

*2- [3-(Diiiiethylaiiiino)-l-phenylpropyll pyridine maleate 

10-(2-Dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine hydrochloride 

N,N-Dimethyl-N '-(2-pyrldyl) -N '-( 5-chloro-2-thenyl) - 
ethylenedlamine citrate. 

Phenind amine 

Bacterial and fungal enzymes 

*Bar'bituxic acid derivatives: 

5-Allyl-5-sec-butylbarbituric acid 

5-Allyl-5-(2-cyclopenten-l-yl)barbituric acid and salt 

5-Allyl-5-isobutylbarblturlc acid and salt 

«5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)barbituric acid (Secobarbital) 
and salt. 
5-Allyl-5-(l-methylbutyl)-2-thlobarbituric acid, sodium 
salt (Thiamylal) . 

5-Eeo-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid 

5-sec-Butyl-5-ethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dimethylbarbituric acid 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-l,5-dlmethylbarbiturio acid, sodium 
salt. 

5-(l-Cyclohexen-l-yl)-5-ethylbarblturic acid and salt 

5,5-Dlethylbarbituric acid (Barbital) 

5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid, sodium salt 

5,5-Dlethyl-l-methylbarblturic acid 

«5-Ethyl-5-isopentylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-isopropylbarbituric acid and salt 

5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-l-butenyl)barbitxu'ic acid 

*5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barbiturlo acid (Pento- 
barbital) . 
»5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)barblturlc acid, sodium salt- 
5-Ethyl-5-(l-methyl-n-butyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid and 

salt. 
5-Ethyl-l-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (Mephobarbltal)- 

5-Ethyl-5-n-pentylbarbiturlc acid, sodium salt 

♦S-Ethyl-S-phenylbarblturlc acid (Phenobarbital) 

»5-Ethyl-5-phenylbarbiturio acid, sodium salt 

1- [2-(Benzylcarbajiioyl)ethyl] -2-isonlootinoylhydrazine 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



CBP. 
MRK. 
NEP. 

ABB, MON. 

ABB, SDW. 

LIL. 



HEX, 


SCH, 


X. 




MON, 


WYT. 






ACY. 








HOF. 








BAX. 








SDW. 








GAN. 








GAN. 








BLS, 


BPC, 


GAH, 


LIL. 


PD. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




SDW. 








SDW. 








SDW. 








GAN. 








GAN. 








ABB. 








BPC, 


GAN, 


LIL. 




ABB. 








X. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN. 




ABB. 








SDW. 








BPC. 








ABB, 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, SDW 


BPC, 


GAN, 


MAL, 


SDW. 


PFZ. 









126 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Alicyclic ajvi Heterocyclic--ContiJniieA 

3-Benzyl-3,4-dlhydro-6-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-l,2,'i-benzo- 

tiiiadiazlne-V-sulfonamide, 1,1-dioxlde (Benzhydroflu- 

methiazide) . 
3-Benzylthiomethyl-6-chloro-2H-l,2,'i-benzothiadiazine-7- 

sulfonamlde, 1,1-dioxide. 
*Bile acids and salts: 

Bile salts, natural conjugated, unoxidized 

Bilirubin 

Cholic acid 

Dihydrooholic acid 

Dihydrooholic acid, sodium salt 

Desoxycholic acid 

*Ketocholanic acids 

Ox bile extract 

N- [Bis(2,2-dimethyl-l-aziridinyl)phosphinyl] carbamate, 

ethyl ester. 

Bromocaniphor , mono 

"i- [3-(p-Butoxyphenoxy)propyll morpholine hydrochloride 

(Pramoxine) . 
a-Butyloxycinchoninic acid diethylethylenedlamlde and 

hydrochloride . 
A-n-Butyl-2-p-hydroxyphenyl-l-phenyl-3 , 5-pyrazolidinedione 

«Caffeine, natural 

■"Caffeine, synthetic 

Caffeine derivatives, natural and synthetic: 

Caffeine citrate 

Caffeine sodium benzoate 

Caagjhor, synthetic, U.S.P 

"Camphoric acid 

Camphoric anhydride 

Caifihosulfonic acid 

Camphoaulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Carboxymethylcellulose, sodium salt 

N- [3-(Carboxymethylmercaptomercuri)-2-methoxypropyl] - 

a-camphoramate, disodium salt. 

Cellulose, oxidized 

6-Chloro-2H-l,2,A-benzothladiazine-7-sulfonainide, 1,1- 

dioxide . 

5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone 

6-Chloro-3-(chloromethyl)-3,'i-dihydro-2-methyl-2H-l,2,4- 

benzothiadiazine-7-sulf onamide , 1 , 1-dioxide . 
6-Chloro-3-dlchloromethyl-3,4-dihydro-l,2,4-benzothiadia- 

zine-7-sulfonamlde, 1, 1-dioxide. 

7-Chloro-4-(4-diethylamino-l-methylbutylainino)qulnoline 

6-Chloro-3,4-dlhydro-2H-l,2,'i-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfona- 

mide, 1, 1-dioxide. 
6-Chloro-3,'i-dihydro-2-methyl-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethylthio- 

methyl)-l,2,A-benzothladiazine-7-sulf onamide, 1, 1-dioxide. 
7-Chloro-4- ('i- [ethyl ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) amino] -1-methylbutyl- 

amino)quinoline sulfate. 
*5-Chloro-7-iodo-8-quinolinol (lodocholorohydroxyquinollne)- 
7-Chloro-3-methyl-l,2,4-benzothladiazine, 1, 1-dioxide 



QMS. 



PFZ. 



LIL. 

PFN. 

DRG, SRL, WIL. 

MRK, WIL. 

WIL. 

DRG, MRK, WIL. 

MRK, SRL, WIL. 

ABB. 



DOW, MAI, PEN. 
ABB. 

GBP. 

GGY. 

GNF, MYW. 
MON, PFZ. 

MAL, MRK. 

MAL. 

HNW. 

FIN, PRR, PYL. 

FIN. 

PRR, PYL. 

PYL. 

GBP. 

WYT. 

EKT. 
MRK. 

X. 

ABB. 

SGH. 

SDW. 
GBP, MRK. 

PFZ. 

SDW. 

CBP, LEM, MTL, PYL. 
SCH. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



127 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC —Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic — Continued 

2-(A-Chlorophenyl)tetrahydro-3-methyl-'+H-l,3-thlazin- 
4-one, 1,1-dloxide. 

'♦-(7-Cliloro-A-qulnolylaiiilno)-a-diethylamino-o-cresol 

3-(4-Chloro-3-sulfamoylphenyl)-3-hydroxyphthaliiiildine 

2-Chlorothiophene 

Coenzyme A 

Cozymase 

a-Cyclohexyl-a-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol 

Cyolopentanol 

Cyclopentyl bromide 

l-Cyclopentyl-2-methylpropylamine (Cyclopentamine) hydro- 
chloride . 
o^Cyclopentyl-2-thlophenylglyoolio acid, 2-diethylamino- 
ethyl eater methobromlde . 

Dextran 

2,4.-Diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimldine 

2,6-Dianilno-3-phenylazopyridine hydrochloride 

ii,7-Dichloroquinoline 

Dlethylaminocarbethoxyblcyclohexyl (Dicyclomine) hydro- 
chloride. 
6-(2-Diethylaiiiinoethoxy)-2-dlmethylaminobenzothiazole 

hydrochloride. 
l-Dlethylcarbamyl-<i-methylpiperazine dihydrogen citrate — 

3,3-Diethyl-5-methyl-2,'i-plperidinedione 

«Dlhydrooodelnone bitartrate 

Dihydrohydroxycodeinone hydrochloride 

3,';-Dihydro-6-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-l,2,'i-benzothladiazlne- 

7-sulfonamlde, 1,1-dioxide. 
3,5-Diiodo-'4-pyridone-N-acetic acid, diethanolamlne salt— 

»5,7-Diiodo-8-quinolinol 

6,7-Dimethoxy-l- (4-etho3ty-3-methoxybenzyl ) -3-methylquino- 
line phosphate (Dioxyline phosphate) . 

p , a-Dimethylbenzy 1 camphorate, diethanolamlne salt 

( [(2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-3-pyrazoline~i-yl)methyl] - 
amino)methaneBUlfonic acid, sodium salt (Dipyxone). 

3,A-Dimethyl-2-phenylmorpholine 

N , N -Dimethyl -4-piperidy lidene -1 , 1 -d iphenylme thane , 
methylsulfate (Diphemanil methylsulf ate ) . 

N-(2,6-Dioxo-3-piperidyl)phthalimide 

5-Ethyl-3,5-dimethyl-2,'4-oxazolidlnedione 

Ethyl l-methyl-'i-phenylisonipecotate 

l-Ethyl-3-(5-nitro-2-thiazolyl)urea 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate methobromlde 

N-Ethyl-3-piperidyl diphenylacetate hydrochloride 

Ethynyl cyclohexyl carbamate 

Fructose (Levulose) 

Galactose 

Heparin sodium 

Hesperidin methyl chalcone 

1-Hexadeoylpyrldinium chloride 

Hexahydro-l-methyl-4-phenylazepine-'*-carboxylic acid, 

ethyl ester, citrate salt. 
Hexamethylenetetramine 



SDW. 

PD. 

GGY. 

GAM. 

PBS. 

PBS. 

ACY, SDW. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

LIL. 

SDW. 

COM, PHR. 
HUE. 

HOF, NEP. 
SDH, SFA. 
BKC. 

HOF. 

ACY. 

HOF. 

EN, MAL, MRK, PEN. 

EN. 

QMS. 

SDW. 

LEM, MIL, PYL, RSA, SRL. 

LIL. 

X. 

SDW. 



SCH. 

BKC. 

ABB. 

SDW, WYT. 

MRK. 

LKL. 

LKL. 

LIL. 

DLL 

PFN. 

ABB, RIK. 

SKG. 

GAN, HEX, ICO. 

WYT. 

HN. 



128 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B.-~ Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Het€rocyclic--Contij\ued 

Hexamethylenetetramine anhydromethylene citrate 

Hexamethylenetetramine mandelate 

Hexokinase 

Hexosediphosphoric acid salt: Calcium hexosediphosphate — 
Hormones (steroid): 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

21-Desoxy-9a-fluoro-6a-methylprednisolone 

Dexamethasone 

Dexamethasone acetate 

9a,llp-Dichloro-17,21-dihydroxy-l,<i-pregnadiene- 
3,20-dione 21-acetate. 

Dienediol 

Estradiol-3-tienzoate 

Estradiol-3,17-dipropionate 

Estrogenic substance 

9<*-Fluorohydrocortlsone acetate 

9a-Fluoroprednlsolone 

Fluoxymesterone 

^Hydrocortisone alcohol and acetate 

Hydrocortisone diethylaminoacetate hydrochloride 

17P-Hydroxy-3-androstanone benzoate 

17-Hydroxy-ll-dehydrocortioosterone (Cortisone) and 
acetate. 

21-Hydroxypregnane-3,20-dione, sodium hemisucoinate 

11-a -Hydroxyprogesterone 

17-a-Methyl-17-|3-hydroxyandrostane-l,'4-diene-3-one 

Methylprednisolone 

Piperazine estrone sulfate 

Prednisolone 

♦Prednisone 

<;-Pregnen-16a-methyl-17a,21-diol-3,20-dione 21-acetate— 

Progesterone 

Sitosterol B 

Triamcinolone 

Trienediol 

»Hydantoin derivatives: 

Allantoin (5-Ureidohydantoin) 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin 

5,5-Diphenylhydantoin, sodium salt 

3-Ethyl-5-phenylhydantoin 

N-(5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene)-l-amlnohydantoin 

1-Hydrazinonaphthalazine hydrochloride 

3-Hydroxy-l-methylpyridinium bromide dimethylcarbamate 

8-Hydroxyquinollne-5-sulfonic acid 

4,5-Imidazoledicarboxamlde (Glycarbylamide) 

♦Imidazoline derivatives : 

2-Benzyl-2-inildazoline (Tolazoline) hydrochloride 

l-Methyl-2-undecyl-3-benzylimidazolium bromide 

«-2-(l,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-l-naphthyl)-2-imidazoline 
hydrochloride . 

lodoantipyrine 

2-Iodoethyl-l,3-dioxolane-A-methanol 



SDW. 

HEP, PTL. 

PBS. 

SHR. 

ARP, ORG, WIL. 

X. 

MRK, SCH. 

SCH. 

SCH. 

UP J. 

ORG. 

ORG. 

ORG. 

UPJ. 

UP J. 

UPJ. 

MRK, PFZ, UPJ. 

PFZ. 

ORG. 

INI, MRK, SCH, UPJ. 

PFZ. 
UPJ. 
CBP. 

X. 

ABB. 

MRK, UPJ. 
MRK, SCH, UPJ. 
INI. 

X. 

UPJ. 
ACY, OMS. 

UPJ. 

FIN, FMF, HFT, SPC. 

PD. 

PD, PYL. 

ABB. 

NOR. 

CBP. 

HOF. 

LEM. 

MRK. 

ORT, SPC. 

LIL. 

PFZ. 

MAL. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



129 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i 9 62— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic ami //eferocyc/ ic--Contlnued 

Isonicotinio acid hydrazide 

1-Isopentylcyclohexanecarboxylio acid, 2-diethylaminoethyl 

ester. 

Maltose — 

Menthyl salicylate 

homo-Menthyl salicylate 

6-Mercaptopurine 

6-Methoxy-8-aminoqulnoline 

P-Methoxy-y-hydroxymercuric propylamide of camphoric acid, 

sodium salt with theophylline. 

Methoxyoximeroxiripropylsucoinyl urea 

5-(o-Methoxyphenoxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone 

2-Methylbenzothlazole 

oc-Methyloyclopentaneethylamlne 

2-Methyl-l,2-di-3-pyTidyl-l-propanone 

3,3'-Methylenebis['>-hydroxycoumarin] 

3-Methyl-2-phenylmorphollne hydrochloride 

N-Methyl-3-piperldylbenzilate methobromide 

10- [(l-Methyl-3-piperidyl)methyl]phenothlazine 

hydrochloride (Mepazlne) . 
3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl benzoate (Piperocaine) 

hydrochloride . 

3-(2-Methyl-l-piperidyl)propyl p-cyclohexyloxybenzoate 

2-Methyl-3-o-tolyl-4(3H)-quinazolinone 

Nikethamide (Coramine) 

5-Nltro-2-furaldehyde diacetate 

5-Nitro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone 

5-Nitro-2-fural semloxamazone 

N-(5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene)-3-amino-2-oxazolidene 

Nucleic acid 

Nucleic acid salts 

Pamaquine (N-Diethylaminoisopentyl-8-amino-6-metho3(y- 

quinollne) . 

Papaverine hydrochloride, synthetic 

Phenothiazine 

a-Phenylcyclohexaneglycolic acid, l-methyl-l,4,5,6-tetra- 

hydro-2-pyrimidinemethanol ester. 
1-Phenyloyclopentylcarboxylic acid, 2-(2-diethylamino- 

ethoxy) ethyl ester. 

Phytic acid-- - 

Phytic acid, calcium salt 

»Piperazine 

»Piperazine derivatives: 

N-Benzhydryl-N''"-methylpiperazlne base and hydrochloride-- 

N-(P-Cyclohexyl-P-hydroxy-P-phenyl) ethyl -N'-methyl- 
piperazine methosulf ate . 

Dimethylaminoethyl-4-methylpiperazine 

N-(P,P -Dlphenyl-P -hydroxy) ethyl-N'-methylpiperazine 
dihydrochloride . 

N-Methylplperazlne 

»Piperazine adipate 

Piperazlne calcium ethylenediamlne tetraacetate (Perin)-- 



RIL. 
BKC. 

PFN. 
ICO. 
ICO. 
BUR. 
GAM. 
FIN. 

LKL. 

ACY. 

FMT. 

LIL. 

CBP. 

ABB, FIN. 

GGY. 

LKL. 

NEP. 

LIL. 

LIL. 
BPC. 
CBP. 
NOR. 
NOR. 
NOR. 
NOR. 
SBR. 
SBR. 
SDW. 

LIL. 
CLV. 
PFZ. 

PFZ. 

STA. 
STA. 
DOW, HOU, JCC, UCC. 

BUR. 
ABB. 

UCC. 
ABB. 

UCC. 

JCC, PYL, RDA. 

EN. 



130 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i962— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI5, CYCLIC— Continued 
Alicyclic and Heterocyclic--Ca\tUi\Jed 

»Piperazine derivatives- -Continued 

»Piperazine citrate 

Piperazine dihydrochloride 

Piperazine eutectic 

Piperazine hexahydrate 

»Piperazine hydrochloride 

"■Piperazine phosphate 

Piperazine sulfate solution 

Piperazine tartrate 

sym-N-Tetramethylpiperazlne diiodide 

Podophyllin powder 

Primaquine ( 8- (<i-Amlno-l-methylbutylamino ) -6-methoxy- 
qulnoline ) phosphate . 

6-Propyl-2-thiouracil 

Pyrazlnamide 

2-Pyrldinemethanol tartrate 

Quinaorlne (Atebrln) (2-Methoxy-6-chloro-9-diethylamino- 

pentylaminoacridine ) . 
8-Quinolinol (8-Hydroxyquinollne) salts and esters: 

8-Quinolinol base 

8-(iuinollnol benzoate 

8-Quinollnol citrate 

8-Qulnolinol sulfate (Qulnosol) 

Rutin 

Terpinol hydrate 

Theobromine derivatives : 

Theobromine sodium acetate 

Theobromine sodium salicylate 

■xTheophylline base and derivatives: 

Theophylline aminoisobutanol 

Theophylline, anhydrous 

Theophylline chollnate 

♦Theophylline ethylenedlamlne (Aminophylline) 

Theophylline ethylenedlamlne, sodium blphosphate 

Theophylline magnesium 

Theophylline methoxyoximerciiripropyl succinylurea 

Theophylline monoethanolamine 

Theophylline sodium acetate 

2-(4-Thlazolyl)benzlmidazole 

2-Thlouracil 

"Tranquilizers ( including benzenoid ) : 

•4- [2-(2-Acetylphenothlazin-10-yl)propyl] plperazlne- 

ethanol . 
l-(p-Chlorobenzhydryl)-<i- [2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyll - 

dlethylenedlamlne dihydrochloride. 
l-(p-Chlorobenzhydryl)-4- [2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl] - 

dlethylenedlamlne pamoate. 
2-Chloro-10-( 3-dimethylamlnopropyl )phenothiazlne 

( Chlorpromazine ) hydrochloride . 
7-Chloro-2-methylamlno-5-phenyl-3H-l,4-benzodlazepine- 

4-oxide hydrochloride. 
2-Chloro-lO- [3-(l-methyl-A-plperazinyl)propyl]pheno- 
thlazine dimaleate. 



JCC, 


PYL, 


RDA, RSA 


DOW, 


PYL, 


WHL. 


JCC. 






JCC, 


PYL, 


RDA. 


DOW, 


JCC, 


RDA. 


JCC, 


PYL, 


RDA, WHL 


JCC. 






PYL. 






PYL. 






ABB. 






PD. 






ACY, 


PYL. 




MRK. 






HOF. 






SDW. 






GAM, 


LEM, 


MIL. 


GAM. 






QAM. 






GAM, 


MTL, 


PYL. 


PEN. 






PEN. 






MAL. 






MAL. 






GAN. 






GA^. 






NEP. 






GAN, 


LEM, 


SRL. 


GAN. 






MAL. 






LKL. 






LIL. 






MAL. 






MRK. 






ACY. 







SCH. 



PFZ. 



PFZ. 



SK. 



HOF. 



SK. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



131 



TABLE 13B. 



-Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i96i~ Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

Alicyclic and //eterocycIic--ContljTued 

^Tranquilizers (including benzenoid) — Continued 

4- [3-(2-Chloro-10-phenothiazinyl)propyl] -1-piperazine- 
ethano,!. 

2-(p-Chlorciphenyl)-3-methyl-2,3-butanedlol 

10-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazlne (Promazine) 
hydrochloride. 

a-(4-Piperidyl)benzhydrol (Azacyclonol) hydrochloride 

6-(Trlfluoromethyl)-l,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide, 

1,1-dioxide. 
2-Trifluoromethyl-10-(3-dimethylaiDinopropyl)pheno- 

thiazine (Triflupromazine) hydrochloride. 
4-(3- [2-(Trifluoromethyl)-10-phenothiazinyl] propyl) - 
l-piperazineethanol dihydrochloride. 

3,5,5-Trlmethyl-2,'4-oxazolidinedione 

Triphosphopyridlne nucleotide 

3-Tropanol (Tropine) 

Tropine benzhydryl ether methanesulfonate 

Uric acid 

Uridine 

Uridine triphosphate 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone iodine complex polymer 

»Vitamlns : 

*A, from all sources: 

A acetate 

A acetate (feed grade) 

A alcohol 

A ester (natural) 

A palmitate 

A palmitate (feed supplement) 

p-Carotene 

Bi (Thiamin derivatives) : 

(Thiamin hydrochloride) 

(Thiamin nitrate) 

(Riboflavin-5' -phosphate, monosodium salt) (100%) 

»(Riboflavin for human consumption) (100%) 

*( Riboflavin for animal and poultry consumption) (100^- 
Bfi (Pyridoxine) 

»Bi2, lOOf.: 

Feed grade 

Pharmaceutical quality 

U.S. P. Crystalline - - - 

»D2 (Irradiated ergosterol) 

^Dj (Irradiated animal sterol) 

E (a-Tocopherol) 

E (a-Tocopherol acetate) 

Biotin-- - — 

Folic acid 

Inositol 

»Niacin (Nicotinic acid) 

♦Niacinamide 



SCH. 
LIL. 

wrr. 

BKC. 
QMS. 

QMS. 

QMS, SCH. 

ABB. 
PBS. 
SPC. 

X. 

FMF. 
SBR. 

PBS, SBR. 
G. 



CW, EK, HOF, MRK, PFZ. 

HOF. 

CW. 

CW. 

EK, HOF, MRK, PFZ. 

EK, HOF, PFZ. 

HOF. 

HOF, MRK. 
HOF, MRK. 

HOF. 

HOF, MRK. 

COM, GPR, HOF, MRK, PBS. 

HOF, MRK. 



COM, 
IMC, 
MRK. 
DGS, 
DGS, 
HOF. 
HOF. 
HOF. 
ACY, 
STA. 
ABB, 
ABB, 



GPR, IMC, MRK, PBS. 
MRK. 

DLI, GNM, VTM. 
DLI, NOP, VTM. 



UP J. 

ACP, KPT, MRK, NOP, RIL, SCR. 
MRK, NEP, RIL, SCR. 



132 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i 961— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, CYCLIC --Continued 

Alicyclic and Heterocyclic--Contin\je6 

«Vitainins — Continued 

Niacinamide hydrochloride 

^Nicotinic acid (animal feed) 

Nicotinic acid, sodium salt 

Xylose 

5-(3,5-Xylyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone 

All other 

MEDICINAL CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC 

Acetylcarhromal (l-Acetyl-3-(2-bromo-2-ethylbutyryl)urea) 

Acetylcholine bromide 

Acetylcholine chloride 

Acetylmethlonine 

Acetyl-p-methylcholine chloride 

»Amino acids: 

dl- Alanine (dl-a- Alanine) 

P-Alanine 

Arginine free base 

Arginine glutamate 

1 (+) -Arginine hydrochloride 

dl-Aspartic acid 

Glutamic acid and salts: 

l(+) -Glutamic acid 

l(+) -Glutamic acid hydrochloride 

1(+) -Glutamic acid, monoanimonium salt 

1(+) -Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

Glycine (Aminoacetic acid) 

Glycine hydrochloride 

2-Hydroxy-'4-(methylthio)butyric acid, calcium salt 

1-Isoleucine 

*l(+) -Lysine hydrochloride 

dl-Methionine 

Methionine (animal feed grade) 

dl-Threonine 

dl-Valine 

Amino acid mixtures 

Amyl nitrite (Isoamyl nitrite) 

Betaine base 

Betaine hydrochloride 

Bromoform (Tribromomethane) 

Calcium lactophosphate 

Calcium succinate 

Carbromal (3-(2-Bromo-2-ethylbutyryl)\irea) 

Chloretone (tert-Trichlorobutyl alcohol) 

3-Chloromercuri-2-methoxypropylurea 

P -Chloroviny lethylethynyl carbinol 

Choline and salts: 

Choline bicarbonate 

■^Choline bitartrate 

^Choline chloride, for animal and poultry feed, and for 
use as an intermediate. 



NEP. 






KPT, 


MRK, 


NEP, RIL 


MRK, 


NEP. 




PEN. 






ACY. 






SRL. 






MLS. 






EK, 


PYL. 




MRK, 


PYL. 




DOW. 






RSA. 






DOW. 






ABB, 


BFG, 


NOP. 


GNM. 






GNM. 






GNM. 






HEX, 


NAG. 




IMC. 






IMC, 


LEM. 




GNM. 






IMC. 






BPC, 


DOW. 




EK. 






DUP. 






DOW. 






DUP, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


DOW, 


LEM. 




DOW. 






DOW. 






DOW. 






ABB, 


CUT, 


STA. 


MAI. 






HFT. 






HFT, 


LEM. 




DOW. 






MAL. 






LEM, 


PEN. 




MLS. 






BPC, 


PD. 




LKL. 






ABB. 






COM. 






ACY, 


CFC, 


HFT. 


COM, 


HFT, 


RH. 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS 



133 



TABLE 13 B. 



■Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MEDICINAL CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Choline and salts--Continued 

Choline chloride, medicinal grade only 

*Choline dihydrogen citrate 

Tri choline citrate 

Cyanoaeetic acid hydrazlde 

Di(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuoclnate 

2-Dimethylaminoethanol bitartrate 

Di vinyl ether 

Ethyl carbamate (Urethane) 

2-Ethyl-cis-crotonylurea 

Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 

Ethylenediamine dilodide 

Ethyl iodide 

Ethyl nitrite 

Gluconic acid salts: 

Ammonium gluconate 

Calcium gluooheptonate 

^Calcium gluconate 

Copper gluconate 

Iron (ferrous) gluconate 

MagnesiuxQ gluconate 

Manganese gluconate 

Potassium gluconate 

Sodium gluconate 

Gluoono -6 -lactone 

Glucosamine hydrochloride 

dl-Glutamine 

Glutathione (oxidized) 

Glutathione (reduced) 

Hendecenoic acid salts: 

Calcium hendecenoate 

Zinc hendecenoate 

Hexamethyldiaminoisopropanol diiodide 

Hexamethylenebis [trimethylammonlum chloride] (Hexameth- 
onium chloride) . 

2-Hydroxy-<i-methylisobutyrlc acid, calcium salt 

Iodoform 

lodomethanesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

Iron (ferrous) oxalate 

a-Ketoglutario acid 

Lactic acid salts (medicinal grades only): Iron (ferrous) 
lactate. 

Lecithin 

Magnesium citrate 

Magnesium hydrogen aspartate 

Methyl glucamine 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 

»Pantolactone (2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, 
Y-lactone) (racemic). 
d-Pantolactone (d-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, 
Y-lactone) . 

Potassium hydrogen aspartate 

2-Propylvaleric acid and bismuth salt-- 

Sodium bismuth triglycolamate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



CFC, HFT. 
ACY, CFC, HFT. 
ACY, CFC. 
KF. 
ACY. 

X. 

MRK. 
FMP. 
MLS. 
WHL. 
PYL. 
FMT. 
MAL. 

PFZ. 

PFN. 

DLI, MAL, PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

DLI, PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

LIL. 

SBR. 

SBR. 

WTM. 

vm. 

SDW. 
HEX. 

MDN. 

MAL, PEN. 

SDW. 

BKL. 

LIL. 

MAL. 

UP J. 
MAL. 
VTT. 
ABB. 
ABB. 
ABB, CKL, PD. 

PD. 

WYT. 

X. 
X. 



134 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 13B. — Medicinal chemicals for which U.S. /traduction or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i~ Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MEDICINAL CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Sodium morrhuate -- 

Sodium 3,3-pentamethylene-4-hydroxybutyrate 

Sodium succinate 

Sodium tartrate 

*Suocinylcl)ollne dichloride 

Tetramethylammonium chloride 

Tetramethylammonium hydroxide 

Thiosemlcarbazide 

Tranquilizers : 

2-Methyl-2-sec-butyl-l,3-propanediol dicarbamate 

»2-Methyl-2-n-propyl-l,3-propanediol dicarbamate 

2,2,2-Tribromoethanol 

»Vltaminfi : 

*Ascorbic acid and derivatives: 

♦Ascorbic acid 

Ascorbic acid, calcium salt 

Ascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Ascorbyl palmitate 

♦Pantothenic acid and derivatives: 

Pantothenic acid 

Pantothenic acid, d-calcium salt 

♦Pantothenic acid, dl-calciura salt 

Pantothenic acid, sodium salt 

d-Pantothenyl alcohol (a,Y-Dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxy- 

propyl)-P,p -dime thy Ibutyramide) . 
dl-Pantothenyl alcohol 



FIN. 






NEP. 






PEN. 






MAL. 






ABB, 


BUR, 


SDW. 


ASL, 


EK, 


RSA. 


RSA. 






rar. 


PYL. 




X. 






ABB, 


BKL, 


ICO, PEN, X. 


SDW. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






HOF, 


MRK, 


PFZ. 


PFZ. 






DLL 






ACY, 


MRK, 


PD, X. 


ABB, 


CKL, 


HFT, LIL, MRK, NOP 


PD. 






HOF. 







HOF. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 
Flavor and Perfume Materials 



135 



TABLE 14B. —Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Flavor and perfume materials for which separate statistics are given in table UA are marked below with an asterisk 
(»); those not so marked do not appear in table UA because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MAfERIAI^, CYCLIC 

Benzenoid and !^aphthalenoid 

2' -Aoe'tonaphthone (Methyl p -naphthyl ketone) 

Acetophenone 

7-Acetyl-6-ethyl -1,1,4, "i-tetramethyl -1,2,3, -i-tetrahydro- 
naphthalene . 

4-Allylveratrole (Eugenyl methyl ether) 

Amyl cinnamate 

p-tert-AnQrl cyclohexanone 

*Anethole (p-Propenylanisole) 

*p-Anlsaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde ) 

Anisole (Methyl phenyl ether) 

Anlsyl acetate 

Anisyl alcohol 

*Benzophenone 

*Benzyl acetate 

"Benzyl alcohol 

Benzyl benzoate 

Benzyl butyrate 

»Benzyl cinnamate 

Benzyl ether 

Benzyl formate 

Benzyl isoeugenyl ether 

Benzyl isopentyl ether 

Benzyl phenylaoetate ( Benzyl a -toluate ) 

»Benzyl propionate 

Benzyl salicylate 

a -Bromostyrene 

4'-tert-Butyl-2',6'-dimethyl-3',5'-dinitroacetophenone 

(Musk ketone). 
6-tert-Butyl-3-methyl-2,4-dinitroanisole (Musk ambrette) — 
p-tert-Butyl-a-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (a-Methyl-P-(p- 

tert-butylphenyl )propionaldehyde ). 
5-tert-Butyl-l,2,3-trimethyl-A,6-dinitrobenzene (5-tert- 
Butyl-'i, 6-dinitrohemimellitene ) . 

5-tert-Butyl-2,'V,6-trinltro-m-xylene (Musk xylol) 

Carvacrol (2-p-Cymenol ) 

»Clnnamaldehyde 

Cinnamic acid 

»Clnnamyl acetate 

*ClnnaJByl alcohol 

Cinnamyl anthranilate 

Cinnamyl formate 

Cinnamyl Isovalerate , 

trans -Decahydro-2-naphthol 

p,a-Dimethylbenzyl alcohol (p-Methylphenylmethylcarbinol )~ 
a,a-Dlmethylphenethyl acetate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


ICO, 


TBK 








TBK. 












X. 












FB. 


GIV, 


GLD, 


HNW, 


HPC, 


UNO. 


GIV, 


ICO, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






GIV. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


ICO, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






GIV, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK. 






BPC, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


SHL, 


TBK 


TNP, VLY 


GIV, 


MON, 


OPC, 


TBK, 


TNP. 




FB, 


TBK. 










GIV, 


ICO, 


TBK. 








OPC, 


SHL. 










TBK. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










GIV. 












TBK. 












FB, 


GIV, 


OPC, 


TBK, 


VLY, 


VPC. 


GIV, 


IFF, 


OPC, 


TBK. 






TBK. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












GIV. 












FB, GIV, 


DPC, 


TBK. 






BPC. 












FB, GIV, 


IBK. 








FB, GIV, 


no, 


RDA, 


TBK. 




FEL, 


GIV. 










TBK. 












TBK. 












IFF. 












GIV. 












GIV, 


IFF, 


TBK. 









136 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 14B. —Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid and Naphthaienoid--Contlnued 

a,a -Dimethylphenethyl alcohol 

a,a-Diinethyl-3-phenyl-l-propanol 

<i,6-Dinitrol-l,l,3,3,5-pentamethylindan 

Diphenylmethane 

Dipropylene glycol salicylate 

l-Ethoxy-2-hydroxy-A-propenyl benzene 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene (Etl^l P-naphthyl ether) 

Ethyl anisate 

Ethyl anthranilate 

Ethyl benzoate 

Ethyl oinnamate 

Ethyl a, g-epoxy-p-methylhydrocinnamate 

2-Ethylhexyl salicylate 

Ethyl P -phenylglycidate 

Ethylvanillin 

*Eugenol 

Hexylcinnamaldehyde 

Hydratropaldehyde (a -Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

Ifydratropaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

Ifydrocinnamaldehyde (3-Phenylpropionaldehyde) 

2-Hydroxypropyl p-N, N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl) aminobenzoate 

Isobutyl cinnamate 

*isobutyl phenylacetate (Isobutyl a-toluate) 

Isobutyl salicylate 

*Isoeugenol 

Isoeugenyl acetate 

»Isopentyl salicylate (Amyl salicylate) 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde ( Cumaldehyde ) 

*p-Isopropyl-oc-methylhydrocinnamaldehyde (Cyclamen aldehyde 

*4.-Methoxyaoetophenone 

2-Methoxynaphthalene (Methyl P-naphthyl ether) 

4-(a-Methoxyphenyl) butanone 

p-Methylacetophenone (Methyl p-tolyl ketone) 

p-Methylanisole (p-Cresyl methyl ether) 

Methyl anthranilate 

Methyl benzoate 

*a-Methylbenzyl acetate 

p-Methylbenzyl acetate 

*a-Methylcinnamaldehyde 

Methyl cinnamate 

Methyl cinnamyl alcohol— 

Methyl N-methylanthranilate (Dimethyl anthranilate) 

Methyl phenylacetate (Methyl a -toluate) 

*Methyl salicylate (Synthetic wintergreen oil) 

»a-Pentyloinnamaldehyde (a-Amylcinnamaldehyde) 

*Phenethyl acetate 

Phenethyl alcohol 

»Phenetl:^l isobutyrate 

Phenethyl isovalerate 

Phenethyl methacrylate 

»Phenethyl phenylacetate (Phenethyl a-toluate) 

Phenethyl salicylate 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



IFF, TBK. 

IFF, TBK. 

GIV. 

TBK. 

SHL. 

SHL. 

GIV, TBK. 

ICO. 

FB, MT. 

TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, TBK, VPC. 

FEL. 

GIV, TBK. 

MON. 

FB, GIV, ICO, LUE, NEO, PEN, RT, TBK, UNG, VIY. 

GIV, IFF, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

SHL. 

TBK. 

FB, GIV, MYW, OPC, TBK, VIY. 

FB, TBK. 

FB, GIV, SHL, TBK, VLY. 

TBK. 

FB, GIV, ICO, OPC, TBK. 

GIV, VPC. 

GIV, OPC, RDA, TBK, VPC. 

GIV, ICO, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

TBK. 

OPC, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

FB, DOW, GIV, MEE, OPC, UNG. 

HN, TBK. 

FB, GIV, TBK. 

ICO. 

GIV, VLY, VPC. 

ICO, TBK. 

TBK. 

GIV, OPC. 

GIV, TBK. 

CFC, DOW, HN, MON, PEN. 

GIV, IFF, NEO, RDA, TBK, VLY. 

GIV, IFF, NEO. 

GIV, IFF, OPC. 

GIV, IFF, TBK, VPC. 

GIV. 

GIV., 

GIV, IFF, TBK. 

IFF, TBK. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



137 



TABLE 14B. ~-Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AM) PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Benzenoid and l^aphthaleno id- -Cfmtlmed 

2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate 

Phenylacetaldehyde (a -Tolualdehyde ) 

Phenylacetaldehyde, dimethyl acetal 

o-Phenylanisole (2-Methoxybiphenyl) 

4— Phenyl -3-buten-2-one (Benzylidene acetone) 

Phenylethyl cinnamate 

3-Phenyl-l-propanol (Hydrooinnamic alcohol) 

3-Phenyl-l-propyl acetate 

M-Propenylveratrole (Isoeugenyl methyl ether) 

Salioylaldehyde 

Styrolyl acetate 

l,2,3,6-Tetrahydro-2,3,5-trimethylbenzaldehyde 

p-Tolualdehyde (p-Methylbenzaldehyde) 

p-Tolyl acetate (p-Cresyl acetate) 

p-Tolyl isobutyrate (p-Cresyl isobutyrate) 

p-Tolyl phenylacetate (p-Cresyl a -toluate ) 

a-(Trichloromethyl)benzyl acetate (Rosetone) 

Trimethyl tetrahydro benzylidene acetone 

Vanillin — - 

Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic 

Allyl ionone 

Amyris acetate 

Bomyl acetate 

A-tert-Butylcyolohexanol 

-i-tert-Butylcyclohexyl acetate 

Carvone (Carvol ) 

Caryophyllene 

Cedranone 

»Cedrol 

*Cedryl acetate 

»Citral (Geranial) 

Citronellal 

»Citronellol 

*Citronellyl acetate 

Citronellyl butyrate 

*Citronellyl formate 

Citronellyl isobutyrate 

Citronellyl oxyacetaldehyde 

Citronellyl propionate 

*Coumarin «■ 

Cyolopentanone 

Dihydroterpinyl acetate 

•Essential oils, chemically modified: 

Citronella oil, acetone condensation product 

Cltronella oil, aoetylated 

Clove stem oil, aoetylated 

•Ethyl oxyhydrate 

Guaiao wood acetate 

Lavandin, acetylated 

Rosemary oil, acetylated 



GIV, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, IFF. 

FB, TBK. 

TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, ICO, TBK. 

DOW. 

FB. 

IFF. 

HN. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, IFF. 

GIV, TBK. 

ICO, OPC, TBK. 

X. 

MON, SLV. 



GIV, 

TBK. 

FEL, 

IFF. 

DOW, 

FB, 

GIV, 

TBK. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

FB, 

FB, 

FB, 

GIV, 

GIV. 

GIV, 

GIV, 

IFF, 

IFF. 

DOW, 

ARA. 

GIV. 

CP. 

FB. 

FB. 

FEL, FLO, UJE, RT, VND, VPC. 

FB, TBK. 

FEL. 

FB, UNG. 



IFF. 

GIV. 

IFF, VPC. 
FRM, OPC. 
GLD. 

IFF, OPC, TBK, UNG, VLY. 

IFF, NEO, TBK, UNG. 
GIV, LUE, NEO, RT, TBK, UNG. 
GIV, IFF, TBK. 
GIV, GLD, ICO, IFF, OPC, TBK, VLY. 

IFF, TBK, VLY. 

IFF, TBK. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

MON, NEO, RDA, TBK. 



658234 O - 62 - 10 



138 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 14B. —Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, and Alicyclic--Cantiiiue(i 

*Essential oils, chemically modified — Continued 

Sassafras oil, hydrogenated 

Spike lavender oil, acetylated 

a-Furfural mercaptan 

*<jeraniol 

"Geranyl acetate 

Geranyl butyrate 

Geranyl formate 

Geranyl isovalerate 

Geranyl phenylaoetate (Geranyl a-toluate) 

2-Hexyl-2-cyclopenten-l-one 

*f^roooumarin ( 3 , 4— Dihydroooumarin ) 

»Ifydroxycitronellal 

«Hydroxycitronellal, dimethyl acetal 

4_(,4.Hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-3-cyolohexene-l-carboxalde 
hyde. 

Indole 

*Ionones : 

a-Ionone 

P -lonone 

lonone (a- and P-) 

Isobomeol (Isobomyl alcohol) 

*Isobomyl acetate 

Isobutylfuryl propionate 

Isobutylquinoline 

Isopropylquinoline 

Isopulegol 

Isosafrole 

d-Limonene 

*Linalool 

*Linalyl acetate 

Linalyl cinnamate 

Linalyl isobutyrate 

i<Menthol, synthetic: 

Tech 

U.S.P - — - 

Menthone 

Menthyl acetate 

6-Methylcoumarin 

*Methylionones : 

Methyl- o-ionone 

Methyl- p-ionone 

Methyllonone (a- and P-) 

Methyl-Y-ionone 

Metl^rl-S-ionone 

7-Methyl-3-methylene-l,6-oc.tadiene 

»Nerol 

Nopyl acetate 

Phellandrene 

»Piperonal (Heliotropin) 

Pseudolinalyl acetate (%roenyl acetate, principally) — 



GIV. 

FB, UNG. 

RT. 

FB, GIV, GLD, IFF, OPC, SHL, TBK, UNG, VLY. 

FEL, GIV, IFF, NEO, TBK, UNG, VLY. 

GIV. 

GIV, TBK, VLY. 

FB. 

GIV, TBK. 

IFF. 

FB, GIV, ICO, TBK. 

GIV, GLD, OPC, NEO, TBK, VLY. 

FB, GIV, TBK. 

IFF. 

DOW, GIV. 

GIV, MYW, TBK. 

MYW, NEO, TBK. 

GIV, IFF, MYW, NEO, TBK, UNG, VLY. 

RDA, TBK. 

GIV, OPC, RDA, TBK, UNG. 

VPC. 

IFF. 

FMT. 

GIV, VLY. 

GIV. 

FLA, RT, SKG. 

FB, FEL, GIV, GLD, HOF, IFF, NEO, SHL, TBK, UNG. 

DOW, FB, GIV, GLD, HOF, NEO, SHL, TBK, UNG. 

TBK. 

GIV, TBK. 

GIV, ICO. 

GIV, GLD, HNW, NEO. 

GIV, HNW, NEO. 

GIV. 

GIV. 

GIV, IFF, MYW, NEO, VLY. 

IFF. 

GIV, MYW, TBK, VLY. 

TBK. 

TBK. 

IFF. 

GLD, IFF, TBK. 

DOW, SHL, VLY. 

ICO. 

GIV, NEO, OPC, SHL, TBK. 

IFF. 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS 



139 



TABLE 14B. --Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i- -Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23 ) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, CYCLIC— Continued 
Terpenoid, Heterocyclic, one/ 41 icyc/ic- -Continued 

»Rhodlnol 

Rhodinyl acetate 

Rhodinyl formate 

Safrole 

Santalol 

Santalyl acetate 

Sweeteners, synthetic: 

Cyolohexanesulfamic acid 

Cyclohexanesulfamic acid, calcium salt 

Cyclohexanesulfamio acid, sodium salt 

Saccharin 

Saccharin, ammonium salt 

Saccharin, calcium salt 

Saccharin, sodium salt 

*Terpineols : 

a-Terpineol 

P-Terpineol 

Terpineol (a- andg-) 

Terpinol hydrate (Terpin hydrate), tech 

*Terpinyl acetate 

Terpinyl propionate 

Tetrahydro alloocimenol 

3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexanol 

Vertofix (Acetyl oedrene, principally) 

Vetivenol 

»Vetivenyl acetate 

FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIALS, ACYCLIC 

Allyl heptanoate (Allyl enanthate) 

»Allyl hexanoate (Allyl caproate ) 

Allyl Isothiocyanate (Synthetic mustard oil) 

Ai:ijl sulfide (Diallyl sulfide) 

Butyl butyrate 

Butyl isovalerate 

Butyrone (Di-n-propyl ketone) 

Decanal ( Capraldehyde ) (Cio) 

(i)-Decenol 

Diethyl sebacate (Ethyl sebacate) 

Diethyl succinate 

Diethyl tridecanedioate (Ethylene brassylate ) 

Dihexyl fumarate 

3,6-Dlmethyl-3-octanol 

»3,7-Dimethyl-l-octanol — 

Dimethyl succinate 

»Ethyl butyrate 

Ethyl decylate 

Ethyl heptanoate (Ethyl enanthate) 

Ethyl hexanoate (Ethyl caproate) 

Ethyl isovalerate 

Ethyl levulinate 

Ethyl myrlstate 



FB, 


FEL, 


GIV, 


IFF, 


LUE, 


NEO, RDA, SHL, UNO 


FB, 


GIV, 


IFF. 








GIV. 












FB, 


GIV, 


PEN. 








GIV, 


IFF. 










GIV. 












ABB. 












ABB. 












ABB. 












MEE, 


MON. 










MEE. 












MEE. 












MEE, 


MON. 










GLD, 


HNW, 


HPC 








HNW. 












GIV, 


NEO. 










HPC. 












GIV, 


HNW, 


OPC 


RDA 


TBK 


UNG. 


GIV, 


TBK. 










x. 












ICO, 


OPC. 










x. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










FB, 


GIV, 


IFF, 


NEO, 


TBK, 


VLY. 


DOW, 


TBK. 










DOW, 


FB, 


GIV, 


TBK. 






ICO, 


MRT, 


OPC. 








DOW, 


RT. 










TBK. 












TBK. 












TBK. 












GIV, 


TBK. 










X. 












FEL, 


TBK. 










TBK, 


UCC. 










RDA, 


TBK. 










FB. 












AIR. 












GIV, 


IFF, 


TBK. 








ICO. 












FB, 


NW, RT, TBK. 






TBK. 












FEL, 


TBK. 










FB, 


NW, TBK. 








FB, 


TBK. 










FMT. 












GIV. 













140 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 14B. --Flavor and perfume materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i— Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



FLAVOR AND PERFUME MATERIAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Ethyl nonanoate (Ethyl pelargonate) 

Glutamic acid, monopotassium salt 

*Glutamic acid, monosodium salt (Monosodimn glutamate)-- 

Heptanal ( Enanthaldehyde ) (C7) 

Heptyl ether (Enanthic ether) — 

Hexyl acetate 

3-Hydroxy-2-butanone (Aoetoin) 

4-ltfdroxynonanoic acid, y -lactone (y -Nonalactone) 

4-Ifydroxyoctanoio acid, Y -lactone (Y -Ootalaotone ) 

»<i-Ifydroxyundeoanoio acid, Y -lactone (Y-Undecalactone)-- 
Isobutyl butyrate 

»Isopentyl butyrate (Amyl butyrate) 

Isopentyl formate (Amyl formate) 

Isopentyl heptanoate (Amyl oaproate) 

Isopentyl isovalerate (Amyl isovalerate) 

Lauraldehyde (Dodeoyl aldehyde) (C12) 

6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one 

Methyl propionate 

2-Methylundecanal (2-Methylnonylacetaldehyde) . 

Nonanal ( Pelargonaldehyde ) (C9) 

Nonanol 

Nonyl acetate 

Nonynol acetate, isomeric (Tepyl acetate) 

Octanal (Caprylaldehyde) (Cs) 

»Octanol 

n-Octyl acetate 

"n-Octyl isobutyrate 

Tridecanedioate 

Trimethylundeoenal 

Undecanal (Hendecanaldehyde) (Cn) 

Undecenal (Hendeoenaldehyde) 

Valerolactone 



TBK. 






GRW. 






CCM, 


GHW, 


HPC, IMC, MRK, PFZ 


BAG, 


WTM. 




TBK. 






TBK. 






FMT. 






GIV, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


TBK. 




FB, 


GIV, 


TBK. 


FB, 


TBK. 




FB, 


GIV, 


NW, RT, TBK. 


FB, 


TBK. 




FEL. 






FB, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


TBK. 




GIV. 






FB. 






GIV, 


TBK, 


VPC. 


GIV, 


TBK. 




TBK. 






TBK. 






IFF, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


IFF, 


TBK. 


TBK. 






FB, 


TBK. 




FB, 


ICO, 


TBK. 


VLY. 






VPC. 






GIV, 


TBK. 




GIV, 


TBK. 




GIV. 







PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 
Plastics and Resin Materials 



141 



TABLE 15B. --Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Plasties and resin materials for which separate statistics are given in table 15A are markefl below with an asterisk 
(»); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 15A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIAIS, BENZENOID 

•Coumarone-indene resins 

Epoxy resins: 

»Unmodified 

^Modified 

•Petroleum polymer and condensation resins 

•Phenolic and other tar-acid resins: 
•Unmodified: 
•Cresols- formaldehyde 

•Cresylic acid-formaldehyde 

»Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde 



•Resorcinol-formaldehyde 

•All other unmodified phenolic and other tar-acid resins 

•Modified: 

•Phenol(and substituted phenols) -formaldehyde with 

modifiers (except rosin). 
•Rosin and rosin esters modified with phenolic and other 

tar-acid resins (hard resins). 

•All other modified phenolic and other tar-acid resins — 

•Phthalic alkyd resins: 

•Unmodified 



•Modified- 



ACP, DSO, ICF, NEV, NSP, PAI. 

CBA, DOW, JOD, KPT, RCI, SHC, UCP. 

ACP, AMF, ARO, BEN, CM, CPL, CPV, DSO, EW, PRE, OLD, 

GRV, HYC, ICF, IOC, ISO, JOB, JNS, MCC, MID, MNP, 

MRW, OSB, PFP, PPG, HAB, RCI, RED, SHC, SRH, SVC, 

SW, UCP, WAS. 
ACC, CFX, DSO, ENJ, ICF, KPI, MCA, MID, NEV, NSP, PAI, 

VEL, VSV. 



BOR, CD, EW, ICF, MON, NVF, RAB, RCI, SCN, UCP, VAR. 

CAT, CD, EW, FOM, ICF, RCD, SCN, SPL, TAY, UCP, VAR. 

ABS, ACP, ADM, AMR, ARK, BGC, BME, BOR, CAT, CD, DSO, 
EW, FOM, GE, GRG, HER, HKD, HVG, ICF, INL, IRI, 
KRM, MCA, MID, MON, MRB, NCI, NVF, PFP, PLS, PYR, 
PYZ, RAB, RCI, RGC, RH, SCN, SHA, SIM, SPL, SW, SYR, 
SYV, UCP, VAR, WCA, WEV, WRD, x. 

AMR, BOR, CAT, KPC, MID, MMM, NTC, PGU, RCI, SCN. 

ACP, BOR, CAT, CD, DA, GE, GEI, ICF, KND, RAB, RCD, 
RGC, SPL, UCP, WAS. 

ABS, ACP, ACR, ADM, AKL, CAT, EW, GE, ICF, OCF, OSB, 

RAB, RCI, REZ, RH, SCN, SNC, UCP. 
ACP, ADM, AKL, BOR, CD, CIK, CPV, DAV, DPP, DSO, FCD, 

FRP, GIL, HKD, HPC, KRM, NCI, RCI, RH, SCN, SHA, 

SW, WAS. 
ADM, CBC, EVM, GE, GRV, JNS, KPC, NPP, PPG, RCI, REZ, 

SCN, UCP, VSV, WAS, X. 

ABR, ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, AMK, APV, ARO, BAL, BEN, 
BOY, BRU, CIK, CM, CPL, CPV, DAV, DSO, DUN, DUP, 
EW, FAR, FBR, FCD, FLW, FRE, FSH, GEI, GIL, GLD, 
GRV, HAN, HPC, HfiS, ICF, JAM, JOB, JOD, JWL, KEL, 
KPV, KYN, LON, MCC, MCW, MID, MNP, MR, MRW, NCI, 
NON, ONX, ORO, OSB, PFP, PPG, PRT, RCI, RED, REL, 
RH, RMC, SCF, SCN, SED, SIP, SPP, SRR, STT, SVC, 
SW, TV, UCP, VTV, WAS, WEV, WPC. 

ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, APV, ARO, BAL, BEN, BOY, CIK, CM, 
CPV, DAV, DSO, DUN, DUP, EW, FLW, FMP, FRE, GEI, 
GIL, GLD, GRG, GRV, HPC, ICF, JOB, JOD, JSC, JWL, 
KRM, KYN, LON, MCC, MCW, MID, MMM, MNP, MR, MRW, 
NON, NTL, ORO, OSB, PER, PFP, PPG, PRT, QCP, RCI, 
REL, RH, RMC, SCF, SCN, SED, SIP, SPP, SRR, STT, 
SVC, SW, TV, VTV, WAS, WEV, WPC. 



142 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 15B ."Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, BENZENOID— Continued 
*Polyester resins 

*Polyurethane and diisocyanate resins 

^Styrene and styrene derivative polymer and copolymer 
resins : 
»PolystyTene 

«Styrene-aliyd polyesters (for protective coatings) 

»Styrene-tutadiene copolymer: 

*Latexes 

»A11 other 

^Styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer 

»A11 other styrene and styrene derivative polymer and 
copolymer resins. 

Toluenesulfonamide resins 

All other benzenold plastics and resin materials 

PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS, NONBENZENOID 

»Acetone- formaldehyde resins 

Acrylic resins: 

Polymethylmethacrylate resins 

All other acrylic resins 

»Alkyd resins (except phthalic): 

»Unmodified 



■Htodifled: 

»Rosin and rosin esters, modified with maleic and 
fumaric acids only (hard resins). 



»A11 other modified alkyd resins 

»Dicyandiamide resins 

»Polyamide resins 

Polyohloroethylene and polyfluoroethylene resins- 

*Polyethylene resins: 

»High-pressure process 

»Low-pressure process 



ACP, ACR, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMK, AMR, APD, BOR, BRR, CEL, 
CIK, COR, CPV, DA, DAV, DSO, EPC, EW, FMP, FRE, GEI, 
OLD, GRG, GRV, GYR, HKD, HYC, ICF, INM, JNS, MCW, 
MFG, MDB, ORO, OSB, PFP, PLU, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, 
SCN, SW, USR, UTR, VAL, WTC, x. 

ACB, ACP, ADM, AMF, ARK, BFG, CWN, DSO, DUP, FRE, GLD, 
GPM, IPI, ISO, MOB, NOP, PEL, PFP, PYR, RCI, SFC, 
WPC, WTC. 



ACP, ATL, BEA, BPL, CSD, DOW, FG, GOR, GRP, KPP, M3N, 

MPL, NSP, PCI, PLA, RCC, SHC, SOL, TIC, UBS, UCP, 

UNC, WAS. 
ACP, ACY, ADM, APV, ARO, BOR, CPV, DSO, DUP, EW, FCD, 

FRE, GLD, GRV, ICF, JOB, KEL, MCW, PPG, RCI, REL, 

RH, SCN, SPP, SW. 

DOW, nSO, FIR, GLD, GNT, GRD, GYR, KPP, MON, USR. 
BFG, DSO, ENJ, FI, FIR, GYR, JOD, MON, PPG, USR. 
DA, DOW, IOC, POL, RH. 
ACY, APV, AHO, AIL, BFG, CAT, CSD, DOW, DUP, ENJ, FIR, 

FRE, GLD, GNT, GYR, JNS, JSC, MCB, MON, NCI, ONX, 

PAI, PLA, RH, RUB, SHC, SW, UCP, USR. 
U3N. 
ACP, AKL, BKC, DUP, GLD, IOC, NEV, NOP, NVF, RH. 



ACY, GLD, IOC, RCI, UCP. 

ACO, ARO, CAT, DOW, DSO, DUP, GLD, ICF, POL, RCI, RH, 

SAH, USP. 
ACY, APV, CAT, DOW, DSO, DUP, GLD, GLX, GNX, GRV, ICF, 

JNS, JSC, MEE, PCI, PII, PPG, RCI, RH, TRC, UCP, 

VAL, WIC. 

ACP, ACY, ADM, AKL, AMF, APV, BAL, BEN, CM, CPV, DSO, 
DUP, EW, FBR, FLW, FRE, GEI, GLD, GRV, HPC, ICF, 
MCC, MCW, MR, ORO, OSB, PPG, PRT, RCI, RH, SPP, SRR, 
SW, TV, WTC. 

ACP, ADM, AKL, APV, CBY, CM, CPT, CPV, DAV, DPP, DSO, 
FAR, FBR, FCD, FLW, FRP, GIL, GLD, GRV, HPC, ICF, 
JOD, KRM, MCC, MR, NCI, ORO, OSB, PPG, RCI, RED, 
REL, RH, SCF, SCN, SHA, SW, TV, WAS. 

ADM, AMR, APV, CIK, CPV, FBR, FCD, FLW, FSH, GEI, GLD, 
GRV, ICF, KYN, LON, MCW, MMM, ORO, OSB, PPG, RCI, 
REL, RH, RMC, RUB, SIP, STT, SW, UCP, VTV, WEV. 

ACY, APX, DEP, GGY, JSC, MRA, NOP, HPC, TRC, VAL, WIC. 

BCI, DUP, FG, FI, FIR, GNM, NAC, SPN. 

DUP, FIR, MMM. 

ACP, CEL, DOW, DUP, EKX, GRP, KPP, MON, SPN, UCC, USI. 
ACP, CEL, DOW, DUP, GGC, GRP, HPC, KPP, MON, PLC, UCC. 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIALS 



143 



TABLE 15B. — Plastics and resin materials for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Material 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICS AND RESIN MATERIAIS, NONBENZENOID— Continued 

»Polypropylene resins 

Polyterpene resins 

wRosin modifications: 

»Rosin adduct resins 

»Rosin and rosin esters, unmodified: 

»Esterified with glycerol 

»Esterified with other alcohols 

»A11 other rosin modifications 

»Silicone resins 

»Urea and melamine resins: 

»Melamine- formaldehyde type 

»Urea- formaldehyde type 



»Vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins: 

•Polyvinyl acetate 

•Polyvinyl alcohol 

Polyvinyl butyral 

•Polyvinyl chloride and copolymers: 

•Polyvinyl chloride 

•Polyvinyl chloride-acetate copolymer 

•All other polyvinyl chloride and copolymer resins 

Polyvinyl chloride-vinylldene chloride copolymer 

Polyvinyl formal 

All other vinyl and vinyl copolymer resins 

All other nonbenzenoid plastics and resin materials — 



AVS, DOW, EKX, ENJ, FIR, HFC. 
AGP, PAI, SCN. 

ACP, AIM, BEN, CIK, CPV, DPP, GRV, JOB, OSB, SCN, SW. 

ACP, ADM, AKL, APV, CBY, CIK, CPV, DAV, DPP, FCD, FRP, 

GIL, HPC, KRM, MCC, NCI, RCI. 
ACP, ADM, CBY, CPV, DPP, DSO, FAR, FRP, GLD, HPC, 

MCC, MMM, MEW, NCI, OSB, RCI, SCN, SRR. 
ACP, AKL, APV, BOR, DPP, DUN, FCD, FRP, HPC, ICF, JNS, 

MMM, ONX, PPG, SW, UCP, VSV. 
ACP, DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ACP, ACY, APV, CAP, CAT, CDF, COL, CPV, CRC, DAN, DUP, 
FOM, GLD, JOD, MON, MRA, NPP, PPG, RCI, REL, RH, 
RFC, SW, TRC, WRD. 

ACP, ACY, AMR, APX, AV, BGC, BOR, BRR, BRY, CAP, CAT, 
CDF, CPV, CRC, DA, DAN, DEP, DUP, FOM, GDN, GGY, 
GLD, GRV, HNC, HPC, HRT, IPR, JSC, MDP, MMM, MON, 
MRA, NTC, ONX, PC, PGU, PPG, QCP, RCI, REL, RH, 
RFC, S, SFA, SIM, SNW, SOR, SW, SYT, SYV, UPL, USO, 
VAL, VAR, WIC, WON, WRD, x, x. 

ACP, AML, BFG, BOR, BOY, CEL, COL, DAN, DAV, DSO, DUP, 
FLH, GLD, GRD, HAN, HNC, JOD, JSC, MCC, MRN, NSC, 
ONX, PCI, PII, QCP, RCI, RH, RPC, SH, SNM, SRC, SW, 
UCC, VAL, WIC, X. 

BOR, COL, DUP, SRC, UCC. 

DUP, SRC. 

ATU, BFG, CRY, CUC, DA, DOW, ESC, FCP, FIR, GNT, GYR, 

MON, PNT, RUB, THC, UCC, USR. 
ATU, BFG, BOR, CRY, CUC, DA, FCP, FIR, KYS, »«3N, RUB, 

UCC. 
DUP, FIR, GRA, GYR, RUB. 
BFG, DOW, GLD, MMM. 
ACP, SRC. 

APV, BEN, DUP, G, GLD, MR, PII, PPG, SYR. 
ACP, BEN, BOR, CPV, DA, DSO, DUP, GE, GLD, GLY, GRD, 

HAP, HPC, HVG, ICF, KRM, MOB, MON, PLU, PPG, RCI, 

TRC, UCP, VAR. 



144 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Rubber-Processing Chemicals 



TABLE MB.—Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Rubber-processing chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 17A are marked below wltn an asterisk 
(»); chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 17A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and 
may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that 
the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAI^, CYCLIC 

^Accelerators : 
»Aldehyde-amines : 

Acetaldehyde-aniline 

n-Butyraldehyde-aniline 

Butyraldehyde-butylidene -aniline 

N,N'-Dibutyldithioadipamlde 

^,■4' -Dithiodimorpholine 

a-Ethyl-P -propylacrylanllide 

Formaldehyde -p-toluidine (Methylene-p-toluldine ) 

Heptaldehyde -aniline 

Triethyltrimethylenetriamine 

p-Benzoquinone dioxime 

Dibenzoyl-p-quinonedioxime 

Dibenzylamine 

Di-N-pentamethylenethiuram tetrasulfide 

»Dithlocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibenzyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dibenzyldithiooarbamio acid, zinc salt 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, N,N-dimethylcyclo- 

hexylamine salt. 
Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, diphenylguanidine salt- 
Dimethylethylene diphenyldithiocarbamic acid, lead 
salt. 

2,4-Dlnitrophenyl diraethyldithiocarbamate 

Plperidineoarbodithioic acid, piperidinium- 
potassium salts. 
Guanidines : 

Dicatechol borate, di-o-tolylguanidine salt 

Diphenylguanidine 

Diphenylguanidine phthalate 

Di-o-tolylguanidine 

1,2,3-Triphenylguanidine 

2-Imidazoline-2-thiol 

Poly-p-dinitrosobenzene 

«Thiazole derivatives: 

2-Benzothiazyl-N,N-diethylthlocarbamoyl sulfide 

l,3-Bis(2-benzothiazolylmercaptomethyl)urea 

N-tert-Butyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

•>^-Cyclohexyl-2-benzothlazolesulfenamide 

N,N-Diisopropyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

N-(2,6-Dimethylmorpholino)-2-benzothiazolesulfena- 
mlde. 

*2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole) 

*2-Mercaptobenzothlazole 

2-Mercaptobenzothlazole, sodium salt -.___—-. 



USR. 

DUP, MDN, USR. 

MDN. 

DUP. 

MON. 

ceo. 

DUP. 

USR. 

USR. 

DUP, MAC, USR. 

USR. 

USR. 

DUP, VNC. 

USR. 
USR. 
MON. 

CCO. 

ceo. 

USR. 
DUP. 



DUP. 

ACY. 

MDN. 

ACY, DUP. 

NAC. 

DUP. 

CWN, DUP. 

PAS. 

MON. 

MDN. 

ACY, BFG, MDN, USR. 

ACY. 

MON. 

ACY, BFG, GYR, MDN, USR. 
ACY, GYR, MDN, URS. 
ACY, GYR, MON. 



RUBBER -PROCESSING CHEMICALS 



145 



TABLE ns.— Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Accelerators — Continued 

♦Thiazole derivatives — Continued 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, zinc salt 

4-Morpholinyl-2-benzothiazyl disulfide 

N-Oxydiethylene-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide 

Thiazoline-2-thiol 

All other cyclic accelerators 

Antioxidants : 

Aldehyde- and acetone-amines: 

Acetaldehyde-aniline hydrochloride 

Aldol-a-naphthylamine condensation 

Diphenylamine -acetone 

Phenyl-2-naphthylamine-acetone 

♦Amino and hydroxy compounds: 
♦Amino compounds: 

p-Anllinophenol 

N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

Diarylarylene diamines, mixed 

N,N '-Di ( l-ethyl-3-methylpentyl) -p-phenylenediamine• 
l,2-Dihydro-6-dodecyl-2,2,A-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-6-ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline 

l,2-Dihydro-2,2,'i-trimethylquinoline 

p,p'-Dimethoxydiphenylamine 

N,N'-Di(l-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 

'4,'»'-Dioctyldiphenylamine 

N,N'-Di-2-octyl-p-phenylenediamine 

JJ,N'-Diphenylethj-lenediamine 

*N,N'-Diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

N,N'-Diphenyl-l,3-propanediamine 

N,N -Dl-o-tolylethylenediamlne 

p-Isopropoxydiphenylamine 

N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 

4-,4-'-Methylenediaiiiline 

Octyldiphenylamine 

Octyldlphenylamine, alkylated 

Octyldiphenylamine mixture (mono-, nonyl- and di-)- 

N -Phenyl -1-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine 

Tetramethyldiphenylethylenediamine 

p-(p-Toluenesulfonamido)diphenylamlne 

♦Hydroxy compounds: 

p-Benzyloxyphenol 

'4,i'-Butylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 

2,5-Di(l,l-dimethylpropyl)hydroquinone 

N-Lauroyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-p-cresol) 

2,2'-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol) 

♦Phenol, alkylated 

Phenol, hindered 

Phenol, styrenated 

N-Stearoyl-p-aminophenol 

2,2'-Thlobis('i,6-di-sec-amylphenol) 

4,4'-Thiobis(6-tert-butyl-m-cresol) 



ACY, 


GYR, USR. 




X. 






ACY, 


MON. 




ACY. 






DUP, 


VNC. 




USR. 






BFG. 






BFG, 


USR. 




USR. 






BFG. 






USR. 






GYR. 






BFG, 


EKT, UPM. 




MDN. 






MON. 






BFG, 


MON. 




DUP. 






EKI, 


UPM. 




BFG. 






BFG. 






BFG. 






CCO, 


NOP. 




BFG, 


DUP, USR. 




CCO. 






CCO. 






BFG. 






MON, 


USR. 




USR. 






USR. 






PAS. 






BFG. 






DUP. 






BFG, 


DUP. 




NOP. 






USR. 






BFG. 






MON. 






MON. 






MLS. 






ACY. 






ACY. 






BFG, 


CCO, GYR, MEE, PAS, 


USR 


DUP. 






BFG, 


GYR. 




MLS. 






MON. 






MON. 







146 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 17B. — Rubber-processing chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



RUBBER-PROCESSING GHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Blowing agents: 

N,N'-Dlmethyl-N,N'-dinitrosoterephthalaniide 

Dinitrosopentamethylenetetramine 

p,p'-Oxybis(benzenesulfonhydrazide) 

Inhibitors, modifiers, and stabilizers: 

Dicresyl disulfide 

N,"4-Dinitroso-N-methylamline 

*N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 

Nonyl phenyl phosphites, mixed 

*Peptizers: 

Aryl mercaptans 

2-Benzainidothiophene, zinc salt 

2',2"'-Dithiobis(benzanilide) 

Dixylyl disulfides, mixed 

2-Naphthalene thiol 

Pentaohlorobenzenethiol 

Pentachlorobenzenethiol, zinc salt 

Thiocresol 

Thiophenol 

Xylenethiol 

Taokifiers: p-tert-Amylphenol sulfide 

RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC 

•"Accelerators : 

n-But yr aldehyde -butylamine ■ 

Di-n-butylammonium oleate 

*Dithiocarbamic acid derivatives: 

Dibutyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

*Dibutyldithlocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

Diethyldithlocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyldithlocarbamic acid, tellurium salt 

*Diethyldithiocarbamio acid, zinc salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, bismuth salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, copper salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, lead salt 

^Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, potassium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, selenium salt 

*Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 

Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt and sodium 
polysulfide. 

♦Dimethyldithiocarbamic acid, zinc salt 

All other 

«Thiurams: 

Bis (dibutylthiocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Bis (diethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide 

«Bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl)disulfide 

*Bis(dimethylthlocarbamoyl) sulfide 

Thiuram blend 

Xanthates and sulfides: 

Di-n-butylxantho disulfide 

Di-isopropylxantho disulfide 

Zinc dibutylxanthate 



DUP. 

AHC, DUP, NPI. 

USR. 

USR. 

MON. 

BFG, GYR, USR. 

USR. 

PIT. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

DUP, PIT. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

PIT. 

PIT. 

DUP. 

PAS. 



DUP. 
DUP. 



DUP, USR, VNC. 

DUP, GYR, PAS, RBC, USR, 

VNC. 



VNC. 



USR. 






VNC. 






GYR, PAS, 


USR, 


VNC. 


VNC. 






VNC. 






VNC. 






GYR, PAS, 


USR. 




VNC. 






BFG, DUP, 


GYR, 


PAS, X. 


BFG, GNT, 


USR. 




DUP, FMN, 


GYR, 


PAS, RBC, USR, WRC, 


PAS, VNC, 


X. 





USR. 

DUP, GYR, PAS. 

BFG, CLY, DUP, GYR, MON, PAS, RBC, USR, VNC. 

DUP, GYR, USR. 

VNC. 

USR. 
BFG. 
USR. 



ELASTOMERS (SYNTHETIC RUBBERS) 



147 



Chemical 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


RUBBER-PROCESSING CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Accelerators- -Continued 

All other acyclic accelerators: 

3-Ethyl-l,l-di]iiethyl-2-thiourea 

Ethylenediamine carbamate 


VNC. 
DUP. 
TKL. 
VNC. 

NPI, USR. 
SW. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP. 

PLC. 

HK, PAS, PLC. 

USR. 

TKL, USR. 


l,l,3-Trimethyl-2-thlourea 

Blowing agents: 


Urea-biuret mixture 

Conditioning and lubricating agents: 

Methyl stearyl-lO-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Mono- and dialliyl acid phosphates, mixed 

Mono- and dialkyl phosphate ammonium salts, mixed 

Peptizers and modifiers: 

Alkyl mercaptans, mixed 


Zinc laurate 

All other - 



Elastomers (Synthetic Rubbers) 



TABLE 18B. --Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Elastomers (synthetic rubbers) for which separate statistics are given in table ISA are marked below with an as- 
terisk (») ; products not so marked do not appear in table ISA because the reported data are accepted in confidence 
and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23] 



Product 


Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 


ELASTCMERS, CYCLIC 


ASY, BFG, CPY, FIR, FRS, GGC, GNT, GYR, HER, ILC, PLC, 

SHC, TUS, UHC, USR. 
BFG, FIR, GNT, GYR, PLC, USR. 
BFG, DUP, GNT, NOP, TKL, USR. 

BFG, TKL. 

FRS, GYR, PLC, SHC, TKL. 

BFG, FIR, FRS, GYR, ILC, TKL, USR. 

DUP. 

EN J. 

TKL. 

GYR, HPC. 

DCC, SPD, UCS. 

ASY, DUP, ENJ, GYR, SHC, x. 






ELASTCMERS, ACYCLIC 












Reaction products of natural rubber 


All othpf -- - 





148 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Plasticizers 



TABLE 19B.-- Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Plasticizers for which separate statistics are given in table 19A are marked below with an asterisk (»); products 
not so marked do not appear in table 19A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not be pub- 
lished. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the manufac- 
turer did not consent to his identification with the designated product ] 



Chemical 



PLASTICIZERS, CYCLIC 

Coumarone-indene plasticizer 

N-Cyclohexyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Dibenzyl sebacate 

Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 

Di-tert-octylphenyl ether 

Diphenyl cyclohexane, o-, m-, p- 

Dipropanediol dibenzoate 

N-Ethyl-p-toluenesulfonamide 

Isopropylidenediphenoxypropanol 

Naphthalene, alkylated 

Phosphoric acid esters : 

»Cresyl diphenyl phosphate 

Dibutyl phenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl mono-o-xenyl phosphate 

Diphenyl octyl phosphate 

Methyl diphenyl phosphate 

Tri(p-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate 

<tTricresyl phosphate 

«Triphenyl phosphate 

All other phosphoric acid esters 

»Phthalic anhydride esters: 

Butyl benzyl phthalate 

Butyl cyclohexyl phthalate 

»Butyl decyl phthalate 

»Butyl octyl phthalate 

Butyl phthalyl butyl glyoolate 

Di(2-butoxyethyl) phthalate 

*Dlbutyl phthalate 

»Dlcyclohexyl phthalate 

»Didecanoyl phthalate (Dicapryl phthalate) 

Diethylene glycol phthalate 

Di ( ethylhexyl ) hexahydrophthalate 

»Di ethyl phthalate 

Di-n-hexyl phthalate 

»Diisodeoyl phthalate 

Di ( 2-methoxyethyl ) phthalate 

»Dlmethyl phthalate 

Dinonyl phthalate 

»Dioctyl phthalates: 

»Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 

*Diiso-octyl and mixed octyl phthalates- 

Di-n-ootyl phthalate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NEV. 
MON. 
WTH. 
TNP. 
DOW. 
MON. 
TNP. 
MON. 
DOW. 
ACC. 



CEL, 


FMP, 


KLK, MON, 


MIR, 


SPP. 




MON. 












DOW. 












MON. 












MON. 












DOW. 












CEL, 


FMP, 


KLK, MON, 


WTR. 






CEL, 


DOW, 


EK, MON, 


MIR. 






DOW, 


MON. 










GRH, 


MON. 










ACP. 












ACP, 


GRH, 


KLK, PCC, 


RUB, 


THC. 




ACP, 


EKT, 


FCP, GRH, 


MON, 


NPI, 


PCC, 


MON, 


NOP. 










DUP, 


FMP, 


GRH, KES. 








ACP, 


COM, 


DEC, EKT, 


FMP, 


GRD, 


GRH, 


HUB, SW 


, WTC, WTH 


. 






ACP, 


DUP, 


FMP, GRH, 


MON. 






ACP, 


GRH, 


WTH. 








ARK. 












UCC. 












DUP, 


EKT, 


GRH, KF, 


KLK, 


MON. 




ACP, 


CCA. 










ACP, 


BFG, 


DEC, EKT, 


GRH, 


KES, 


M)N, 


THC, UCC, WTH. 








DUP, 


EKT, 


FMP, GRH. 








ACP, 


DUP, 


EKT, GRH, 


KF, 


KLK, 


MON. 


DEC. 













UCC. 



HAL, KLK, MON, PFZ, 



PCC, PFZ, ROS, RUB, 



ACP, BFG, DEC, DUP, EKT, FCP, GRH, MON, NPI, PCC, PFZ, 

ROS, RUB, SW, THC, UCC, WTC, WTH. 
ACP, BFG, DEC, EKT, FCP, GDL, GRH, KLK, MON, PCC, ROS, 

RUB, THC, WTH. 
KLK, THC. 



PLASTICIZERS 



149 



TABLE 19B.—Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were repwted, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZEflS, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Phthallc anhydride esters — Continued 

Diphenyl phthalate 

*Ditrldecyi phthalate 

Ethyl, and methyl phthalyl ethyl glyoolate 

«Octyl decyl phthalates: 

»Iso-octyl isodecyl phthalate 

*n-Ootyl n-deoyl phthalate 

All other phthalio anhydride esters 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl oleate 

Toluenesiolfonamide, o-, p- mixture 

All other cyclic plastioizers 

PLASTICIZEBS, ACYCLIC 

*Adipic acid esters: 

Di(2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl) adipate 

»Dl(2-ethylhexyl) adipate 

»Diisobutyl adipate 

»Diisodecyl adipate 

*Diiso-octyl adipate 

*Octyl decyl adipate 

All other adipic acid esters 

♦Azelaic acid esters: 

Dl(2-ethylhexyl) azelate 

Diisobutyl azelate 

Diiso-octyl azelate 

All other azelaic acid esters 

N-Butyl mjrristate-, 

Castor oil maleate 

■^Complex linear polyesters and polymeric plastioizers- 

Di ( 2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethyl )me thane 

»Dibutyl maleate 

Diethylene glycol dinonanoate 

Diiso-octyl diglycolate 

»Epoxidized soya and tall oil, and epoxy stearates 

Glycerol pelargonate 

Glyceryl tripropionate 

Glycol pelargonate 

Isodecyl nonanoate (Isodecyl pelargonate) 

Isopropyl myristate 

Laurie acid esters 

»01eio acid esters: 

2-Butoxyethyl oleate 

»Butyl oleate 

Glycerol trioleate 

»Methyl oleate 

All other oleic acid esters 

Palmitic acid esters: 

Iso-octyl palmitate 

All other palmitic acid esters 



MON. 

ACP, BFG, DEC, GRH, HFC, MON, PCC, RUB. 

MON. 

ACP, BFG, GRH, PCC, PFZ, RUB, THC, UCC. 

ACP, DEC, FMP, GRH, HPC, KLK, MON, PCC, PFZ, THC. 

ACP, ARG, DEC, DUP, EK, FCP, FMP, HAL, HPC, M3N, PFZ, 

UOC. 
CCW, EMR. 
MON. 
AV, EKT, TKL, TNP, UCC. 



FMP, TKL. 

DEC, EKT, FCP, FMP, GRH, HAL, MON, PCC, RH, RUB, THC, 

UCC, WTH. 
DEC, FMP, GRD, HAL, KES. 
ACP, BFG, DEC, FMP, GRH, LEH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RH, RUB, 

THC, UCC, WTH. 
ACP, BFG, DEC, FCP, FMP, GRH, HAL, KLK, LEH, MON, PCC, 

PFZ, RH, RUB. 
ACP, BFG, DEC, FMP, GRH, LEH, MON, PCC, PFZ, RUB, THC. 
DEC, GRH, KES, PCC, TKL. 

DEC, DUP, EKT, EMR, FCP, HAL, LEH, PFZ. 

EKT, HAL. 

EMR, GDL, LEH. 

ACP, EMR, LEH, PFZ. 

AHC, KES. 

RH. 

EMR, MON, PFZ, RH, RUB, UCC, x. 

TKL. 

DEC, DUP, GRD, MON, RUB. 

EMR, LEH, RUB. 

CCA, FCP, FMP. 

ARG, BAG, CCW, IMP, ROS, UCC. 

EMR. 

EKT. 

EMR. 

EMR, LEH. 

DRW. 

FOR, HAL, KES. 

HAL, KES. 

AHC, FMP, HAL, KES, NOP, RH, RUB, WTH. 

DRW, EMR. 

AHC, EMR, FOR, NOP. 

AHC, EMR, FMP, RH. 

KLK, RUB. 
EKT, FOR. 



150 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 19B. — Plasticizers for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PLASTICIZERS, ACYCLIC—Continued 

♦Phosphoric acid esters 

Polyethylene glycol di-2-ethyIhexoate 

Ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters: 

n- Butyl acetylricinoleate 

Butyl ricinoleate 

*Glycerol monoriclnoleate 

All other ricinoleic and acetylricinoleic acid esters 
*Sebacic acid esters: 

*Dibutyl sebacate 

*Di ( 2-ethylhexyl ) sebacate 

All other sebaoic acid esters 

♦Stearic acid esters: 

*n-Butyl stearate 

All other stearic acid esters 

Tributyl acetylcitrate 

»Triethylene glycol di(caprylate-caprate) 

Triethylene glycol di-2-ethylbutyrate 

All other acyclic plasticizers 



EKT, FMP, SFA, UCC. 
UCC, X. 

BAG, DEC. 

BAG, DEC. 

BAC, CCW, GLY, HAL, NOP. 

BAG, DEC, NOP, x. 

DEC, EKT, GRD, GRH, HAL, RH, WTH. 

DEC, GRD, GRH, HAL, PCC, PFZ, RH, RUB, WTH. 

DEC, GRH, LEH, NOP, RH, RUB. 

AHC, HAL, KES, NOP, RUB, SGP, WTH. 

BAG, CCW, DEC, DRW, FMP, HK, HPG, KES, NOP, RH, ROS. 
PFZ. 

DRW, FOR, GRH, HAL, RUB. 
UCC. 

AGP, BAG, DUP, EKT, EKX, EMR, FMP, HAL, HPG, KES, PGG, 
PFZ, RH, ROS, RUB, UCC, x. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



151 



TABLE 20B. —Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 

[Surface-active agents for which separate statistics are given in table 20A are marked below ?ri.th an asterisk (*) ; 
products not so marked do not appear in table 20A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may not 
be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BENZENOID SUEFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

»Amides, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not sulfated 
or sulfonated: 
*AlJcylbenzyldimethylammonium salts : 

Benzyloooodimethylaramonium chloride 

»Benzy Idime thy loc tadecy lammonium chloride 

Benzyldimethy Itetradecylammonlum chloride 

»Ben2;yldodecyldimethy lammonium chloride 

»Benzylhexadecyldimethy lammonium chloride 

Benzyl(hydrogenated tallow) dime thy lammonium chloride 

Benzyltrimethy lammonium chloride 

(Mixed alkyl) benzyldimethy lammoniiim chloride 

Alkyl ( ethy Ibenzyl ) dimethy lammonium chloride 

N-Benzyl-N, N-bis ( 2-hydroxyethyl) -N- ( 2-ootadeoanamido- 
methoxyethyl)ammonium chloride. 
Benzyl(polyethoxyethyl)bis(tall oil ami doethyl ) ammonium 
chloride. 

Benzyl(polyethoxyethylcoco)dimethylaramonium chloride 

( 3, 'i-Dichlorobenzyl)dodecyldimethy lammonium chloride 

(Dimethy Ibenzyl )dodecyldime thy lammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl)diethyl(2-hydroxyethyl)ammonium ohloride-- 
(Dodeoylbenzyl) (2-hydroxyethyl) dimethy lammonium chloride- 

(Dodecy Ibenzyl) triethylammonium chloride 

(Dodecylbenzyl)trime thy lammonium chloride 

(Dodecylmethy Ibenzyl) trimethy lammonium chloride 

( Ethoxybenzy 1 ) dimethyl ( oc tylc resoxy ) ammonium chloride 

( Ethoxybenzy 1 ) dimethyl ( oc tylphenoxy ) ammonium chloride 

^Heterocyclic quaternary ammonium salts: 

Benzyl-2-heptadecyl-l-( 2-hydroxyethyl) imidazolinium 
chloride. 

2-Dodecylisoquinolinium bromide 

l-Dodeoylpyridinium chloride 

1-Hexadecylpyridinium bromide 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-l,2-diphenylethylenediamine 

All other 

»Ethers and carboxylio acid esters, not sulfated or 
sulfonated: 

Acetylphenol-formaldehyde polyethoxyethanol 

Castor oil phthalate polyester 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoxypolyethoxyethyl butyl ether 

Octadecyl phthalate, potassium salt 

Pentylphenol-f ormaldehyde polyethoxyethanol 

Pentylphenol-formaldehyde polyoxyalkylene tall oil ester- 
Phenols and alkylphenols, ethoxylated: 

Diisobutylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Dinonylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

*Dodecylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

«Iso-octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

(Mixed alkyl)phenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

•Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

n-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

»Phenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Tetradecylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol 

Xyloxypolyethoxyethanol 



APD. 

APX, ITX, ONX, RET. 

ITX. 

EC, DEP, FIN, ITX, ONX, PCS, HH, SDH. 

BC, FIN, ONX, RH. 

ARC, GNM. 

CCM. 

FIN, RH. 

ONX. 

TRC. 

APD. 

G. 

ONX, SD». 

ONX. 

OHO. 

PCS. 

ITX, PC. 

BC, UVC. 

RH. 

RH. 

RH. 

PCS. 

BC, ITX, ONX. 

BC, HK. 

FIN. 

APX. 

PCS. 



SDW. 

APD. 

RH. 

TRC. 

APD. 

APD. 



G, RH. 

G, JCC, PCS. 

G, MON, PCS, UCC. 

DRW, G, NOP, QMC. 

RH. 

AHC, APD, CLY, DOW, DRW, G, HPC, JCC, MON, CMC, PCS, 

RH, STP, TRC, UCC, VIS. 
G. 

APD, FBC, G, NOP, UCC. 
ORO, PCS. 
THC, VIS. 



152 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 20B.-- Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemioal 



BENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

*Ethers and oarboxylio acid esters, not sulfated or 
sulfonated — Continued 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil phthalate polyester 

Sorbitolpolyoxyalkylene phthalate stearate 

Tridecylpolyethoxyethyl benzoate 

Phosphoric and polyphosphorio acid esters, not sulfated or 
sulfonated : 

Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl phosphate 

All other 

♦Sulfated and sulfonated benzenoid surface-active agents: 
*Benzenesiilf onates : 

♦Benzene-, 'toluene-, and xylenesulfonates : 

Benzenesulfonlc acid, sodium salt 

p-Toluenesulfonio acid, hexadecyltrimethylamnonium 
salt. 

Toluenesulfonlc acid, potassium salt 

*Toluenesulfonio acid, sodium salt 

}!ylenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

}fylenesulfonic acid, potassium salt 

♦Xylenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

*Dodecylbenzenesulf onates : 

Dodeoylbenzenesulfonamide 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, ammonium salt 

»Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, cyelohexylamine salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, isopropylamine salt 

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, mixed aliylamine salts- 

*Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

♦Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, triethanolamine salt 

♦Other mono- and dialkylbenzenesulfonates : 

♦Decylbenzenesulfonlc acid 

Deoylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Didodecylbenzenesulfonio acid 

Nonylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pentylbenzenesulfonio acid, sodiiim salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonio acid, ammonium salt 

Tridecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

♦Lignosulfonates : 

Lignosulfonic acid, aluminum salt 

Lignosulfonio acid, ammonium salt 

♦Lignosulfonic acid, calcium salt 

Lignosulfonic acid, chromium salt 

Lignosulfonio acid, magnesium salt 

Lignosulfonic acid, sodium salt 

♦Naphthalenesulf onates : 

Benzylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid 

♦Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

♦Butylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Dibutylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Didodecylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

♦Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonlc acid 

♦Diisopropylnaphthalenesulfonlo acid, sodium salt 



MEinuf acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



APD. 
APD. 
CMC. 



TCC. 

X. 



UPF. 
FIN. 

MCT, NES, RCD, WTU. 

CO, NES, PIL, STP, WTU. 

WTU. 

NES. 

CO, MfW, NES, PIL, RCD, STP, WTU. 

MAH. 

CI, CO, LEV, MDN, MfW, NAC, NOP, PIL, PHX, RCD, SOC, 

STP, TDC, TN, WTU. 
MYW, PRX, WTU. 
RCD, RH, STP, VIS. 
G. 

APD, ATR, PCS, RCD, SNW, STP. 
PCS. 
AHC, ML, ATR, CO, CTL, DEP, EMK, HLI, HRT, LEV, MDN, 

NAC, NOP, PG, PIL, PRX, RCD, SOC, TN, WIC, WTU. 
AML, ATR, CO, CTL, HLI, NAC, PCS, PIL, RCD, SOS, STP, 

TN. 

EFH, HLI, SCO, STP. 

MON. 

CO. 

WTU. 

MDN. 

WTU. 

PHX. 

CP, PRX, RCD, WTU. 

MAR. 

CRZ. 

CWP, INP, LEf, LFC, MAHj PSF. 

MAH. 

LFC, MAE. 

CRZ, INP, MAR, WVA. 

G. 

CMS, G, PFZ, SCP. 

GGY. 

CI, G, MRA, S. 

PFZ. 

DUP, G, GRD, WTU. 

PFZ. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



153 



TABLE 20B. —Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961— Continued 



Chemical 



BENZENOID SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

^Sulfated and sulfonated benzenoid surface-active agents — 
Continued 
*Naphthalenesulf onates — Continued 

»Isopropylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Methylenebis(2-naphthalenesulfonic acid) 

Mxed alkylnaphthalenesulfonic acid, sodium salt 

Pentylnaphthalenesulfonic acid 

Tetrahydronaphthalenesulfonic acid 

*Phenols and ethoxylated phenols, sulfated: 

Dodecylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

*Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Nonylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

n-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethyl sulfate 

Trichlorophenol sulfate, ethanolamine salt 

*A11 other benzenoid surface-active agents, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 

Butylhydroxybiphenylsulfonic acid 

N-Dodecylbenzyl-N-methyl taurine, sodium salt 

Dodecyldipheryloxidedisulfonic acid, sodium salt 

N-^fethylheptadecylbenzimidazolinesulfonic acid, sodium 
salt. 

Octylphenoxypol;srethoxyethanesulfonlc acid 

Petroleumsulfonic acid, water soluble (acid layer), 
sodium salt. 

NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

*Amldes, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not sulfated 

or sulfonated: 
Acyclic quaternary ammonium salts : 
*Alkylethyldimethylammonium salts: 

Ethyldimethyloctadecenylammonium bromide 

Ethyldimethylsoya-ammonium bromide 

Ethylhexadeoyldimethylammonium bromide 

Alkyltrimethylammonium salts : 

Cocotrimethylammonium chloride — 

»Dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide 

»Dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

»Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide 

Hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride 

( I^drogenated tallow) trimethylammonium chloride 

Trlmethyloctadecylammonium chloride 

Trimethylsoya-ammonium chloride 

Trimethyl tallow ammonium chloride 

Dialkyldimethylajnmonium salts : 

Dicocodimethylammonium chloride 

Didodecyldimethylammonlum bromide 

Di(hydrogenated tallow) dime thy lammonium chloride 

Dlmethyldioctadecylammonlum chloride 

Dimethyldisoya-ammonium chloride 

Triallsylmethy lammonium salts : 

htethyltri(mlxed aliyl) ammonium chloride 

Ifethyltriocty lammonium chloride 

Other acyclic quaternary ammonium salts : 

Cocomethyldl(polyethoxyethyl) ammonium chloride 

Decylbetaine 

Dodecyl(epoxypropyl)dimethy lammonium chloride 

Hexadecylbetaine 

2-iiydroxye thy Idlme thy Is tearamidqpropy lammonium nitrate 



J&nufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BRY, DUP, NAC, NOP, ONX. 

DUP. 

UDI. 

ONX. 

DUP. 

G, LEV. 

G, OMC, RCD, STP. 

Mm. 

RH. 
G. 



ICO, RBC. 
ORO. 
DOW. 
TRC. 

RH. 

SIN, SON. 



ITX. 




BC. 




FIN, 


ONX. 


ARC. 




DUP. 




ARC, 


GNM. 


AHC, 


DUP, FIN. 


ARC. 




ARC. 




ARC. 




ARC. 




ARC, 


GNM. 


ARC, 


GNM. 


ONX. 




ARC, 


FOR, GNM, ONX 


PG. 




ARC. 




GNM. 




GNM. 




ARC. 




DUP. 




TRC. 




DUP. 




ACY. 





658234 O - 62 - 11 



154 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 20B.— Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE- ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

*Amides, amines, and quatemaiy ammonium salts, not sulfated 
or sulfonated — Continued 
»Aoylated amino acids and polypeptides : 

N- [2-( Carboxyme thy lamino ) ethyl] -N-(2-hydroxyethyl) 
coconut oil amide. 

N-Coooylsarcosine 

N-(2-lfydroxyethyl)-N-(2-stearamidoethyl) glycine 

N-Lauroylpolypeptide 

*N-Lauroylsarcosine, sodiiim salt 

N-Oleoylpolypeptide 

N-Oleoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

Polypeptide 

Stearamide of carboxymethylpolyoxyethylenediethylene- 
triamine. 

N-Stearoylsarcosine, sodium salt 

»Alkanolamides : 

Diethanolamine condensates : 

Caprio acid 

Castor oil acids 

*Coconut oil acids : 

*(amine/acid ratio =1/1) 

«(Amine/acid ratio =2/1) 

«(A11 other ratios) 

♦Laurie acid 

*01eic acid 

♦Stearic acid 

Tall oil acids 

Tallow acids 

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine condensates : 

Coconut oil acids 

♦Oleic acid 

Palm oil acids 

♦Stearic acid 

Isopropanolami ne condensates : 

Coconut oil acids 

♦Laurie acid 

J^istic acid 

Ifonoethanolamine condensates : 

Coconut oil acids 

Laurie acid 

Oleic acid 

♦Stearic acid 

Alkylated amino acids : 

N-( Coconut oil )-e -alanine 

N-Dodecyl-3-iminodipropionic acid 

N-Octadecyl-p-alanine, sodium salt 

N-Tallow-3-iminodipropionic acid 

♦Amides of ethylenediamine , diethylenetriamine, and 
tetraethylenepentamine : 
Adipic and stearic acids-diethylenetriamine condensate-- 

Coconut oil acids-diethylenetriamine condensate 

Oleic acid-diethylenetriamine acetate condensate 

♦Oleic acid-diethylenetriamine condensate 



TCC. 

GGY. 

G. 

MfW. 

CP, GGY, ONX. 

MfW. 

G, GGY. 

MYW. 

APX. 

G, GGY. 



GGY, PCS. 
PCS. 



APX, CP, EFH, EMK, GGY, HRT, JHG, KAL, KNP, MDA, NOP, 

ONX, PC, PCS, PG, RCD, STP, UVC, VAL, VND, WTU. 
AML, BSC, DEP, HLI, MDA, MRV, NOP, PCS, PNX, QCP, RCD, 

SNW, TCC, TRC, UVC, WTU. 
CCL, CTL, DEX, DRW, JOR, JRG, LEV, LUR, MRA, PCS, 

RCD, IXC. 
DRW, HLI, NOP, PCS, PG, RCD, WTU. 
CCW, GGY, MRA, NOP, PCS, SCP, STP. 
AML, APX, BSC, EMR, G, GGY, JOR, MRA, NOP, ONX, QCP, 

SNW, TXC, VAL, WTU. 
EFH. 
PG. 

DEX, NOP. 

CI, NOP, SOC, X. 

SCP. 

AHC, AML, APX, CHP, CI, DEP, DEX, G, HRT, MRA, NOP, 
ONX, S, SCP, SNW, WTU. 



LEV, 
ARC, 
WTU. 


RCD, 
PCS, 


STP. 
WTU. 








APX, 

WTU. 
FBC. 
EFH, 


DEP, 
PCS, 


HRT, 

STP, 


PCS, 
UVC. 


PG, UVC, 


VND 


GNM. 
GNM. 
DUP. 
GNM. 












APX. 
APX, 
PCS 
APD, 


NOP. 
HDG, 


PCS. 









SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

TABLE 20B.~ Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i-- Continued 



155 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

«Aiiildes, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not sulfated 
or sulfonated — Continued 
»Amides of ethylenediamine, diethylenetriamlne, and 
tetraetliylenepentamine — Continued 

Pelargonic acid-tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

Stearic acid-diethylenetriamine condensate 

Stearic acid-ethylenediamine condensate 

Stearic acid-tetraethylenepentamine condensate 

»Amine salts : 
»Amine acetates: 

Coconut oil amine acetate 

Hydrogenated tallow amine acetate 

Octadecylamlne acetate 

Ootylamine acetate 

Oleylamine acetate 

Soya-amine acetate 

Tallow amine acetate 

Tallow diethanolamine acetate 

Coconut oil acid, triethanolamine salt 

Naphthenic acids, N-tallow propylenediamine salt 

»01eic acid, triethanolamine salt 

Stearic acid, N-polyethoxyethylethylenediamine salt 

Stearic acid, N,N, N',N'-tetra]d.s (2-hydroxyethyl) 
ethylenediamine salt. 

Stearic acid, triethanolamine salt 

»Ethoxylated amides : 

Coconut oil acids-diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 

ethoxylated. 
Fatty acid-aliylenediamine condensate, polyethoxylated— 
Ifydrogenated tallow acids-monoethanolamine condensate, 

polyethoxylated. 
Oleic aoid-monoethanolamine condensate, polyethoxylated- 
Steario acid-diethylenetriamine condensate, poly- 
ethoxylated. 
Stearic aoid-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine conden- 
sate, monoethoxylated. 
Stearic acid-N-(2-hydro3tyethyl)ethylenediaiiiine conden- 
sate, polyethoxylated. 
Stearic acid-isopropanolamine condensate, poly- 
ethoxylated. 
*Ethoxylated amines: 

N-Polyethoxyethylcocoamine 

»N-Polyethoxyethyl mixed allsylamine 

N-Polyethoxyethyloctadecenylamine 

N-Polyethoxyethyloctadeoylamine 

N-Polyethoxye thy Ipolye thy lenepoly amine 

»N-Polyethoxyethylrosinamine 

N-Polyethoxyethylsoya-amine 

N-Polyethoxyethyltallowamine 

N-Polyethoxyethyl-N-tallowtrimethylenediamine 

*Heterocyclic amines and quaternary ammonium salts : 

Decylimidazoline 

l-Bthyl-2-heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethylimidazoliniura 
bromide. 

2-HeptadeceiTyl-4,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-oxazoline 

»2-Heptadecenyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecenyl-<4-hydroxymethyl-4.-methyl-2-oxazoline 

2-Heptadecenyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-l-hydroxyethyl-2-imidazoline 

2-Heptadecyl-2-imidazoline 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-nonyl-2-imidazoline 



AHC. 



APX, 


NOP, 


ONX, QCP, TRG, UVC 


CCW. 






AHC, 


ONX, 


UVC. 


ARC. 






ARC. 






ACY, 


ARC, 


GNM. 


ARC. 






GNM. 






ARC. 






ARC, 


GNM. 




PG. 






PG. 






APD. 






DOM, 


HDG, 


NOP, SRR, TCC. 


APD. 






AHC. 






HDG, 


TCC. 




TCC. 






G. 






ARC. 






ARC, 


WTU. 




APX, 


TCC, 


TRC. 



TCC. 



TCC. 



PCS. 



APD, 


ARC. 


APD, 


G, NOP, PCS, RH, TRC 


G. 




ARC. 




VIS. 




APD, 


HPC, PCS, VIS. 


ARC. 




ARC, 


TCH. 


ARC. 




PCS. 




BC. 




COM- 




APD, 


BC, GGY, UVC. 


COM. 




HDG, 


PCS. 


GGY, 


UVC. 


SCO. 




GGY. 





156 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 20B, — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

♦Amides, amines, and quaternary ammonium salts, not siilfated 
or sulfonated — Continued 
♦Heterocyclic amines and quaternary ammonium salts — 
Continued 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-tridecyllmldazollum chloride 

l-Hydroxyethyl-2-undecyl-2-imldazollne 

Nonylimldazollnlum hydroxyethyl sodium monoaoetate 
chloride . 

Oxazallne, substituted 

Rlclnoleyllmldazoline 

Roslnpolyamidoimidazoline 

Other amides and amines: 

N, N-Bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -2- (octadecanamidomethoxy) 

ethylamine . 
N, N-Bls ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) -2- ( octadecanamidomethoxy) 
ethylamlne-melamine ether condensate. 

Cottonseed oil mixed amines 

N-(2-Diethylamlnoethyl) stearamide 

N,N-Diethylethylenebisoctadecanamlde 

N-(3-Dlmethylamlnopropyl) oleamlde 

Dlstearamlde of N-(2-Cyanoethyl)dlethylenetriamlne 

Dodecyldlethylenetriamlne 

Hydroxyethyltrihydroxypropylethylenedl amine 

Miscellaneous oleamides 

Stearoylblguanidine hydrochloride 

N,N,N ',N'-Tetraklshydroxyethyl (polyoxyethyl- 
enepolyoxypropylene ) ethylenediamine. 
*Carboxylic acid esters, not sulfated or sulfonated: 
Anhydrosorbitol esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol dioleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monolaurate 

Anhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Anhydrosorbitol monopalmltate 

Anhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Anhydrosorbitol tall oil ester 

Anhydrosorbitol tetrastearate 

Anhydrosorbitol trioleate ■ 

Anhydrosorbitol trirlcinoleate 

Anhydrosorbitol tristearate 

♦Ethylene glycol and dlethylene glycol esters: 

♦Diethylene glycol monolaurate 

♦Dlethylene glycol mono-oleate 

♦Diethylene glycol monostearate 

Dlethylene glycol tall oil ester 

Ethylene glycol dlstearate 

Ethylene glycol mono-oleate 

♦Ethylene glycol monostearate 

♦Glycerol esters : 

Glycerol diaoetyltartrate monostearate 

Glycerol diester of lard 

Glycerol dioleate 

Glycerol distearate 

Glycerol ester of hydrogenated fatty acids 

Glycerol maleate mono-oleate 



GGY. 






GGY, 


UVC. 




PCS. 






NOP, 


UVC. 




PCS. 






GRD, 


PCS, 


UVC. 


TRC. 






TRC. 






GNM. 






CBP. 






SNW. 






CCW, 


DUP, 


SNW. 


TRC. 






FIN. 






VIS. 






CCW. 






G. 






VIS, 


WYN. 




APD. 






APD, 


PCS. 




APD, 


HDG, 


PCS. 


APD. 






APD, 


PCS. 




APD. 






APD. 






APD, 


HDG. 




APD. 






APD. 







CCW, GLY, HAL, HDG, KAL, KES, NOP, PCS. 

EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES. 

AML, CCW, CP, GLY, HAL, KES, NOP, PC, PCS, QCP, UVC, 

VAL, VND. 
HDG, QCP. 
KES. 

CCW, EFH. 
GLY, HAL, KES, KNP, NSP, PCS, VND. 

PCS. 

PCS. 

KES. 

KES, PCS. 

EMR. 

NOP. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



157 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales Tvere reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 —Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

■»Carboxylic acid esters, not sulfated or sulfonated — 
Continued 
"Glycerol esters — Continued 

Glycerol monocaprylate 

"Glycerol mono(coconut oil)ester 

Glycerol monoester of cottonseed oil acids 

Glycerol monoester of edible fats and oils 

Glycerol monoester of lard 

Glycerol monolaurate 

"Glycerol mono-oleate 

"Glycerol monostearate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol esters : 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol castor oil ester — 

Polyethoxyethylanliydrosorbitol monolaurate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol monostearate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol trioleate 

Polyethoxyethylanhydrosorbitol tristearat e 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol esters : 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol beeswax ester 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol hexaoleate 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol hexa(tall oil) ester 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol lanolin ester 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol monostearate 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol pentalaur ate 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol penta(tall oil) ester 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol tetra(laurate, oleate) 

Polyethoxyethylsorbitol tetra(tall oil) ester 

"Polyethylene glycol esters: 

Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

•Polyethoxyethyl dilaurate 

"Polyethoxyethyl dioleate 

"Polyethoxyethyl distearate 

"Polyethoxyethyl monolaurate 

"Polyethoxyethyl mono-oleate 

Polyethoxyethyl monopalmitate 

Polyethoxyethyl monoricinoleate 

"Polyethoxyethyl monostearate 

Polyethoxyethyl resin ester 

Polyethoxyethyl sesqui( coconut oil)ester 

"Polyethoxyethyl tall oil ester 

Polyethoxyethyl tallow ester 



KES. 

CP, DRW, HAL, HDG, JRG, VND. 

LEV, PCS. 

x. 

GLY, X. 

DRW, KES, KNP. 

CCW, DRW, EEK, EMR, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, PAR, PCS, STP, 

UVC, VND, X. 
APD, APX, CCW, CI, CP, CRC, DEX, DHW, GLY, HAL, KES, 

LUR, MRA, NOP, NSP, NW, PC, PCS, PG, TCC, UVC, VND, 

X, X, 

APD. 

APD, PCS, TCH. 

APD, HDG, PCS, TCH. 

APD, TCH. 

APD, TCH. 

APD. 

APD, TCH. 

APD, TCH. 

APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 
APD. 

G, GGY, KES, NOP, UVC. 

NOP, PG, UVC. 

DEX, EKH, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, KES, PCS, UVC. 

CI, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, KES, NOP, OTH, PCS, SPP, UVC. 

GLY, KES, PCS, QCP, UVC. 

ARC, BSC, CCA, DRW, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, JOR, KES, KNP, 

NOP, PCS, QCP, SYC. 
AHC, ARC, CCA, CI, DEX, DRW, EFH, G, GGY, GLY, HAL, 

HDG, KES, NOP, ONX, PAR, PCS, QCP, SPP, SYC, TCH, UVC, 
APD. 

KES, NOP. 
AHC, AML, APD, ARC, DEX, DRW, G, GGY, GLY, HAL, HDG, 

JOR, KES, KNP, NOP, ONX, PC, PCS, PD, RH, UVC. 
APD, QCP, VIS. 
JRG. 
AML, APD, APX, ARC, DRW, EFH, KES, HDG, HON, NOP, 0MB, 

PCS, TCH, UVC. 
SOS, TCH. 



158 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 20B. — Surface -active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i —Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SUHFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

wCartoxylic acid esters, not sulfated or sulfonated — 
Continued 
Propylene glycol esters: 

1,2-Propanediol distearate 

1,2-Propanediol inono(oooonut oil)ester 

1,2-Propanediol monolaurate 

1,2-Propanediol mono-oleate 

»l,2-Propanediol monostearate 

Other esters: 

Anhydrosorbitol glycerol monolaiirate 

Diisobutylene maleate 

Disorbitolpropoxypropylethoxyethyl dlglycollate 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl distearate 

Glucose polyethoxyethyl oleate 

*Methoxypolyethoxyethyl coconut oil ester 

Methyl glucoside laurate 

Methyl glucoside oleate 

Pentaerythritol distetirate 

Polyethoxyethyl Isoctyl adipate 

Polyoxyallsylene diglycollate 

PolyoxyaUsylene naphthenate 

1,2-Propanediol polyethoxyethyl stearate 

Tridecylpolyethoxyethyl carbonate, sodium salt 

*Ethers, not sulfated or sulfonated: 
^Polyethylene glycol ethers: 

Polyethoxyethyl butyl ether 

»Polyethoxyethyl castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl decyl ether 

^Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl hexadecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl hexadecyl, octadecenyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl hydrogenated castor oil ether 

Polyethoxyethyl lanolin ether 

*Polyethoxyetnyl octadecyl ether 

♦Polyethoxyethyl oleyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl rosin ether 

♦Polyethoxyethyl tridecyl ether 

Polyethoxyethyl trimethylnonyl ether 

All other 

*Other ethers and thioethers: 

Di (polyethoxyethyl) -tert-acetylene glycol 

Di(polyethoxyethyl) polyoxypropylene glycol ether 

Mixed polyethylene glycol-polypropylene glycol ether 

Polyethoxyethyl tert-dodecyl thioether 

Propylpolyethoxyethyl polyoxypropylene glycol ether- 

Tridecylpolypropoxypolyethoxy ethanol 

♦Fatty acids, potassium and sodium salts, not sulfated or 
sulfonated : 

Castor oil acids, potassium salt 

Castor oil acids, sodium salt 

♦Coconut oil acids, potassium salt 

Com oil acids, potassium salt 

Com oil acids, sodium salt 



PCS. 

CP. 

CP, HAL, KES. 

HAL, KES. 

CCW, CP, HAL, KES, PCS, PG. 

APD. 

RH. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

DRW, JOR, o^a. 

HDG. 

HDG. 

VAL. 

PFZ. 

APD. 

APD. 

APD. 

X. 



AHC, APD, DRW, NOP, PCS, TCH, VIS. 

AHC, PCS. 

AAC, APD, DRW, DUP, G, JCC, PCS, UCC. 

ARC, TRC. 

AHC. 

APD. 

APD, VIS. 

AAC, APD, G, TRC. 

AAC, APD, DRW, DUP, G, NOP, TRC. 

APD, X. 

AAC, AHC, APD, DRW, ETC, G, JCC, MON, OMC, PCS, UCC, 

VIS. 
UCC. 
JCC. 

AIR. 

PCS, VIS, WYN. 

UCC. 

EFH, MON, PAS. 

APD. 

PCS. 



OTT, WHI. 

MRV. 

DRW, LUR, OTT, PCH. 

PCH. 

LUR. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 



159 



TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

*Fatty acids, potassium and sodium salts, not sulfated or 
sulfonated — Continued 
Laurie acid, potassium salt 

Laurie acid, sodium salt — 

Mixed vegetable fatty acids, potassiiBn salt 

»01eic acid, potassium salt 

»01eic acid, sodium salt 

Olive oil acids, sodium salt 

Peanut oil acids, potassium salt 

Rosin acids, sodium salt 

Soya foots fatty acids, potassium salt 

Soybean oil acids, potassium salt 

•Stearic acid, potassium salt 

Stearic acid, sodium salt 

*TaH oil acids, potassiiim salt 

Tall oil acids, sodium salt 

Tallow acids, potassium salt 

«Tallow acids, sodium salt 

All other 

•Phosphoric and polyphosphorio acid esters, not sulfated 
or sulfonated: 

Allcyl phosphates, diethanolamlne salt 

Decyl, octyl phosphate 

Dodecylpolyethoxyethyl polyphosphate 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphate, sodiiim salt 

2-Ethylhexyl polyphosphate 

Hexyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

2-Hydroxyethyldimethyl(stearamidopropyl) ammonium 
dihydrogen phosphate. 

Mixed mono- and dlalkyl acid phosphate 

Ootadecenyl phosphate 

Octyl phosphate, alkylamine salt 

Octyl polyphosphate 

Octyl polyphosphate, potassium salt 

Octyl polyphosphate, sodium salt 

Triallsylphosphate 

All other 

•Sulfated and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 
agents : 
Acids, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Acetyloleic acid, sulfonated 

•Oleic acid, sulfonated (Sulfonated red oil) 

Riclnoleic acid, sulfonated 

Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Decyl octyl sulfate blend 

Decyl sulfate ; 

Decyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

3,9-Dlethyl-6-tridecyl sulfate 

Dodecyl sulfate, 2-nmi no-2-methylpropanol salt 

•Dodeoyl sulfate, ammonium salt 

•Dodecyl sulfate, diethanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, N,N-dlethylcyclohexylamlne salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, isopropanolamine salt 

Dodecyl sulfate, magnesium salt 



BSC, 


DRW, 


NOP. 






DEP. 










PCH. 










AML, 


BSC, 


DAN, 


EFH, 


NOP, OTH, OTT, PCH, QCP, S, SHP, 


WBG. 








DEP, 


LUR, 


MHV, 


NOP, 


QCP, WBG. 


LUE, 


OTT. 








SLC. 










mk, 


QCP. 








PCH. 










KAL, 


OTT. 








DEX, 


DRW, 


QCP, 


VAL. 




LEV, 


MAL, 


NOP. 






BSC, 


CON, 


KAL, 


LUR, 


OTT, PCH, PCS, PNX, QCP, WHI. 


DEX, 


NOP, 


QCP. 






OTT. 










BSW, 


CON, 


LUR, 


NOP, 


QCP. 


AML, 


MON, 


SLC, 


WHI. 




DUP. 










UVC. 










VIC. 










UCC, 


UVC. 








BEA. 










DEX. 










ACY. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










DUP. 










BEA. 










DEX. 










VIC. 










VIC. 










VIC, 


X. 









DUP. 

ACT, ACY, AHC, DEX, DRW, G, LUR, MRA, MRV, NOP, PC, PFZ, 

QCP, SCO, SON, SWT, TN, WHI, WHW. 
DRW, NOP. 



PCS. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
UCC. 
DUP. 
AAC, 
AAC, 
DUP. 
JRG, 
AAC. 



ONX, PCS. 



DUP, ONX, PCS. ROD, STP. 
DUP, HLI, ONX, PCS, STP. 



PCS. 



160 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 20B. — Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

»Sulfated and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 
agents — Continued 
Alcohols, sulfated and sulfonated — Continued 

Dodecyl sulfate, potassium salt 

»Dodeoyl sulfate, sodium salt 

*Dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

2-Ethylhexyl sulfate 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-4-imdecyl sulfate 

Hexadecyl, octadecenyl sulfate 

Hexadeoyl sulfate 

9-Ootadecenyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate 

Octadecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Octadecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt 

Octyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tetradecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Amines, fatty acid amides, and quaternary ammonium 
salts, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Alkanolamides , sulfated: 

Coconut oil acids-isopropanolamine condensate, 
sulfated, sodium salt. 
»Coconut oil ae ids -monoethanolami ne condensate, 
sulfated, potassium salt. 
Coconut oil aoids-monoethanolamine condensate, 
sulfated, sodiimi salt. 

Laiiric aoid-isopropanolamine condensate, sulfated 

Neatsfoot oil acids -monoethanolamine condensate, 
sulfated, ammonium salt. 

Oleic acid-monoethanolamine condensate, sulfated 

Stearic acid-hydroxyethylethylenediamine condensate, 

methyl sulfate salt. 
Stearic acid-monoethanolamine condensate, sulfated — 
Heterocyclic amines and quaternary ammonium salts, 
sulfated and sulfonated: 
Caproylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 
l-Ethyl-2-heptadecenyl imidazolinium ethyl sulfate — 

N-Ethyl-n-hexadecyl morpholiniimi ethyl sulfate 

Lauroyl-5-ethoxycycloimidine, disodium ethionate 

Lauroylethyl-5-hydroxycycloimidlne, sodium ethylate, 

sodium ethionate. 
Stearoylethyl-5-hydroxycloimidine, sodium ethylate, 
sodium ethionate. 
Taurine derivatives: 

N-Cyclohexyl-M-palmltoyl taurine 

*N-Methyl-N-oleoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-palmitoyl taurine 

N-Methyl-N-tallow taurine 

Other amines, fatty acid amides, and quaternary 
ammonium salts, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Aliylethyldimethylammonium ethosulfate 

N-(Alliylsulfonyl)glycine, sodium salt 

Dimethyldioctadecylammonium methylsulfate 

Ethoxylated mixed primary amines, sulfated 

N-Hydroxyethyl-N, N ', N '-tris (hydroxypropyl)ethylene- 

diamine distearate methylsulfate. 
N, N, N ', N '-Tetrakis - ( 2-hydroxypropyl )ethylenediamine 

diolea'te methylsulfate. 
All other 



PG. 

DUP, HLI, HLN, ONX, PCS, PG, RCD, RET, STP, SYC. 

DUP, KLI, HLN, ONX, PCS, PG, RCD, RET, STP. 

PCS, UCC. 



DUP. 

DUP, EMK, ONX, PG. 



JRG, 
AAC, 
AAC, 
AAC, 
UCC. 
CMG. 
AAC, 
DUP. 
AAC, 

X. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
ONX. 
AAC. 



APX. 

DEX, EMK, HRT, ONX. 

AML, DEP. 

PCS. 
APX. 

SCP. 
DUP. 

NOP. 

MIR. 

APD. 
APD. 
MIR. 
MIR. 

MIR. 



CRC, DEP, DRW, G, HRT, MRA, NOP, VAL, WIC. 

G. 

LEV. 



X. 

G. 

ONX. 
RH. 
DUP. 

DUP. 

EMR, PCS, TCC, X. 



SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS 

TABLE 20B. — Surface-active. agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 —Continued 



161 



Chenioal 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NONBENZENOID SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

•Sulfated and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 
agents — Continued 
»Dioarboxylic acid amides and esters, sulfated and 
sulfonated: 

Bis-sulfosuooinate ester of tallow monoglyceride 

Bis(tridecyl)sulfosucoinate, sodium salt 

Didecanoyl sulfosuocinate, sodium salt 

*Di(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate 

Dihexyl sulfosuccinate 

Dipentyl sulfosuccinate, sodium salt 

N-(2-Hydro)!yethyl) tallow sulfosucoinamide 

n-Octadecyl-n-disodiumsuccino disodium sulfosuccinate- 

N-Ootadecylsulfosuccinamide, disodium salt 

Ethers, sulfated and sulfonated: 

2-Hexyloxyethyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

Polyethoxyethyl dodecyl sulfate, triethanolamine salt- 

Polyethoxyethyl ootadeoyl sulfate 

Poljrethoxyethyl tridecyl sulfate, sodium salt 

All other 

»Fats, oils, and waxes, sulfated and sulfonated: 
Animal fats and oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Grease, other than wool, sulfonated 

»Lard, sulfonated 

»Neatsfoot oil, sulfonated 

»Tallow, sulfonated 

Wool grease, sulfonated 

All other 

Fish and marine animal oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 

»Cod oil, sulfonated 

Herring oil, sulfonated 

»Sperm oil, sulfonated 

Whale oil, sulfonated 

All other 

»Tall oil, sulfonated 

Vegetable oils, sulfated and sulfonated: 
*Castor oil, sulfonated 

•Coconut oil, sulfonated 

Cottonseed oil, sulfonated 

Linseed oil, sulfonated 

Mustard seed oil, sulfonated 

•Peanut oil, sulfonated 

Rapeseed oil, sulfonated 

•Rloe-bran oil, sulfonated 

•Soybean oil, sulfonated 

All other 



ACT. 

ACY. 

RH. 

ACY, AHC, CRC, CST, EMK, GGY, HRT, MOA, MRA, PC, QCP, 

RCD. 
ACY, DAN, MOA. 
ACY. 
SCP. 
ACY. 
ACY. 

DEX. 

AAC, PCS, PG. 

PG. 

DUP. 

AAC. 

X. 



NOP, WHW. 

APX, EFH, FBC, WAW. 

ACT, APX, FBC, KAL, LEA, LUR, MRD, NOP, OTT, PC, SNW, 

WHW. 
ACT, ACT, AHC, BRY, CRC, DRW, EFH, FRR, GTS, LEA, LUR, 

MRA, MRD, NOP, ONX, OTT, PC, SCP, SID, SON, SOS, 

WHI, WHW. 
WHI. 
WHI. 

ACT, DRW, FBC, MRD, NOP, OTT, S, WAW, WHI, WHW. 

NOP. 

ACT, CI, DRW, FBC, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, MRD, NOP, ONX, 

OTT, QCP, RTC, S, SON, SWT, WAW, WHI, WHW. 
KNG. 

AML, SCO. 
ACY, AHC, APX, QCP, WHW. 

AAE, ACT, ACY, AHC, AML, APX, BRY, BSC, CI, DEX, DRW, 
DUP, FBC, G, HRT, KAL, KNG, LEA, LUR, MRA, MRD, MRV, 
NOP, ONX, OTT, PC, ROY, S, SCO, SCP, SLC, SON, SWT, 
WHI, WHW. 

ACY, LEA, LUR, MRD, NOP, RTC, WHW. 

NOP, RTC. 

LEA. 

LUR, NOP. 

ACY, AHC, LEA, NOP, SCP, SLC, SOS. 

LEA, NOP. 

DRW, EFH, HRT, KNG, LUR, NOP, OTT, QCP. 

DRW, HRT, KAL, LEA, MRD, ONX. 

FRR. 



162 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 20B. Surface-active agents for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 —Continued 



Chemical 



NONBENZENOID SDRFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS— Continued 

»Sulf ated . and sulfonated nonbenzenoid surface-active 
agents — Continued 
Fatty acid esters, sulfated and sulfonated: 

Butyl ethylene glycol sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulfo-oleate 

n-Butyl sulforicinoleate 

Coconut oil isethionate 

Coconut oil isethionate, sodium salt 

Dodecyl sulfoacetate 

Ethyl sulfo-oleate 

Glycerol mono(coconut oil)ester, sulfated, ammonium 

salt. 
Glycerol mono(coconut oil)ester, sulfated, sodium salt- 

G]jcerol tri( sulfo-oleate) 

»Isopropyl sulfo-oleate 

Laui'oyl-2-hydroxy-l-proDanesulfonic acid 

Methyl, ethyl, propyl sulfo-oleate 

Methyl sulfo-oleate 

Oleic ester of sodiimi isethionate 

*n-Propyl sulfo-oleate 

Other nonbenzenoid surface-active agents, sulfated and 
sulfonated : 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acids 

Mixed alkanesulfonic acids, sodium salt 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



AHC, AML, NOP, ONX, PC. 

DEC, NOP. 

DHW. 

G, LEV. 

NAC. 

KAL. 

CP. 

CP. 

DRW, MRV, NOP, SCP. 

AHC, BRY, DEX, EMR, HRT, LUR, QCP, SON. 

SDH. 

NOP. 

AHC. 

G. 

ACY, BSC, EFH, LEA, MRV. 



TN. 
DUP. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



163 



TABLE 21B. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1961 



[Pesticides and other organic agricultiiral chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 21A are marked 
below with an asterisk (»); products not so marked do not appear in table 21A because the reported data are ac- 
cepted in confidence and may not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from 
table 23. An X signifies that the manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated 
products ] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AMD OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC 

»Fungicides: 

2,6-Bis(dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexanone 

5-Chloro-2-mercaptobenzothiazole, laurylpyridinium salt- 

2,'4-Dichloro-6-(o-chloroanilino)-s-triazine 

2,3-Dichloro-l,'l-naphthoquinone (Dichlone) 

3,5-Dimethyltetrahydro-2H,l,3,5-thiadiazine-2-thione 

Diphenylammonium propionate 

2-Heptadecyl-2-lmldazoline acetate (Glyodin) 

2-Mercaptobenzothiazole, monoethanolamine salt 

•Mercury fungicides: 

2-Chloro-4-(hydroxymercuri)phenol 

N-(Ethylmercuri)-p-toluenesulfonanllide 

Ij-i, 5,6,7, 7-Hexaohloro-N-( ethylmercurl) -5-norbomane- 
2,3-dicarboximide. 

4-(Hydroxymercuri)-2-nitrophenol 

8-(Methylmercurioxy)quinoline 

2-(Phenylmercuriamino)ethyl acetate 

N-Phenylmercuriformamide 

Phenylmercuryammonium acetate 

Phenylmercury hydroxide 

Phenylmercury lactate 

Phenylmercury naphthenate 

Phenylmercury oleate 

Phenylmercury propionate 

2- ( l-Methylheptyl ) -<i, 6-dinitrophenyl orotonate 
( Karathane ) . 

»Naphthenlc acid, copper salt 

*Pentachlorophenol 

•Pentachlorophenol, sodium salt 

8-Quinolinol ( 8-Hydroxyquinoline ) , copper salt 

2,3,''.,6-Tetrachlorophenol 

2,3,'i,6-Tetraohlorophenol, sodium salt 

Tetrachloro-p-quinone (Chloranil) 

N-Trichloromethylthio-<V-cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide 
(Captan) . 

Trichloromethylthiophthalimide 

»2,<i,5 Trichlorophenol 

«2,A,5-Trichlorophenol, ethanolamlne salt 

•2,^,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt 

2,'i,6-Triohlorophenol 

2,i,6-Trichlorophenol, potassium salt 

•Herbicides and other plant hormones: 

l-n-Butyl-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-l-methylurea 

2-sec-Butyl-^,6-dinitrophenol 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol, ammonium salt 

2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol, triethanolamine salt 

2-Chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine 

'i-Chloro-2-butynyl m-chlorooarbanilate 

2-Chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine 



MTL. 

VNC. 

CHG. 

USR. 

SF. 

MTL. 

UCC. 

VNC. 

DUP. 
DUP. 
RBC. 

DUP. 
MIL. 
CLY. 
VIN. 
GUA, 
QUA, 
GUA, 
HNX, 
CLY, 
MIL. 
RH. 



SCI. 

MTL, WRC. 

WRC. 

MTL. 

GUA, HNX, MTL, TRO. 



CCA, FER, HSH, HNX, MLD, SOC, SHR, TGL, TRO, WTO. 

DOW, FRO, MON, RCI. 

DOW, MON, RCI. 

GAM, HiOC. 

DOW. 

DOW. 

USR. 

CHO. 

CHO. 

DA, DOW, HK. 

DOW, G. 

DOW, MON. 

DA, DOW. 

CLY. 

DUP. 

DOW, FMN. 
FMN. 

CIS, DOW, FMN. 

GGY. 

SPN. 

GGY. 



164 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 21B,— Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, I96i— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Her'bicides and other plant hormones — Continued 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea (CMU) 

3-(p-Chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea trichloroacetate 

3,6-Diohloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid 

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea 

3,4-Dichloropropionanilide 

l,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione (Malelc hydrazide) 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea 

l,l-Dimethyl-3-phenylurea trichloroacetate 

Dimethyl tetrachloroterephthalate 

"ije-Dinitro-o-cresol 

'4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol, sodium salt (Sinox) 

Diphenylacetonitrile 

Gibberellic acid 

Indolebutyric acid 

Isopropyl carbanilate (Isopropyl N-phenylcarbamate) 

Isopropyl 3-chlorocarbanilate (Isopropyl N-(3-chloro- 

phenyl) carbamate) (CIPC). 
1-Naphthaleneacetio acid and derivatives: 

1-Naphthaleneacetamide 

1-Naphthaleneacetio acid 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester 

1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, sodium salt 

2-Naphthyloxyaoetic acid 

N-1-Naphthylphthalamic acid 

7-Oxabicyclo [2.2.1] heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, 

disodium salt. 
Phenoxyacetic acid derivatives : 

(4-Chloro-o-phenoxy)acetic acid, potassium salt 

f4-Chloro-o-tolyloxy) acetic acid 

*( 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid (2,'4-D) 

»(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid esters and salts: 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, butoxyethoxypropyl 

ester. 
(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl ester 
(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, butoxypolypropyl- 
eneglycol ester. 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester 

(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, sec-butyl ester 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, dimethylamine salt- 
( 2, "i-Dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid, ethanolamine and 
isopropanolamine salt. 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, ethyl ester 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetlc acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester- 

»(2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic .acid, iso-octyl ester 

■»(2,'4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, isopropyl ester 

(2,'i-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, lithiimi salt 

(2,'*-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, sodium salt 

■»(2,'i,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,<i,5-T) 

»(2,<»,5-Trichlorophenoxy) acetic acid esters and salts: 
(2,^,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, butoxyethoxy- 
propyl ester. 
(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, 2-butoxyethyl 
ester. 



DUP. 
ACG. 
VEL. 
DUP. 

X. 

ACY, USR. 

DUP. 

ACG. 

DA. 

FMN. 

FMN. 

LIL. 

ABB, MRK, PFZ. 

AHA. 

BMP, PPG. 

PPG. 



AMC. 

AMC, COK. 
AMC, COK. 
AMC, BKL. 
BKL. 
USR. 
PAS. 



GTH. 










CHC, 


DOW. 








CHC, 


CIS, 


DA, 


DOW, 


MON, X. 


DA. 










AMC. 










DOW. 










AMC, 


DA, 


DOW, 


MON, 


Rnr. 


CHC, 


MON. 








AMC, 


CHC, 


DA, 


DOW, 


RIV, X. 


DOW. 










AMC. 










DA. 










CHC, 


CIS, 


DOW 


, MON 


, HIV. 


AMC, 


CHC, 


DA, 


DOW, 


MON, RIV 


GTH, 


LCA. 








DOW. 










BKL, 


CIS, 


DA, 


DOW, 


MON. 



DA. 



AMC. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



165 



TABLE 21B.— Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES MD OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICALS, CYCLIC— Continued 

♦Herbicides and other plant hormones — Continued 
Phenoxyacetlc acid deriva;tiveE — Continued 
»(2,4,5-Triohlorophenoxy)acetio acid esters and salts — 
Continued 

(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)aoetic acid, butoxypoly- 
propyleneglyool ester. 
»(2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid, n-butyl ester — 
J2,'i,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid, sec-butyl ester- 
(2,<i,5-Trlchlorophenoxy)acetic acid, 2-ethylhexyl 
ester. 
»(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, iso-ootyl ester- 
(2,'V,5-Triohlorophenoxy)acetlo acid, isopropyl ester- 
(2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxy)acetlc acid, triethylamine 
salt. 

»Phenylmercury acetate 

Polychlorodlcyclopentadiene isomers 

N-Tolylphthalamlc acid 

Tributyl-2,'»-dlchlorobenzylphosphonlum chloride 

(2,'i, 5-Trlchlorophenoxy )propionlc acid 

Tris(2,'i-dichlorophenoxyethyl) phosphite 

Zinc cyclohexylamlne complex 

Insect attraotants: 

4.-(p-Acetoxyphenyl)-2-butanone 

sec-Butyl 4(and 5)-chloro-2-methylcyclohexanecarboxylate- 
tert-Butyl <i(and 5)-chloro-2-iiiethylcyclohexanecarboxylate 
»Insecticides: 

Allethrin (Allyl homolog of Cinerin I) 

Benzyl thiocyanate 

♦Chlorinated insecticides : 

l,l-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-nitrobutane 

l,l-Bls(p-ohlorophenyl)-2-nltropropane 

2- (p-tert-Butylphenoxy) -l-methylethyl-2-ohloroethyl 
sulfite (Aramite). 

p-Chlorophenyl p-chlorobenzenesulfonate ■ 

p-Chlorophenyl 2,'t,5-trichlorophenyl sulfone 

<i,A'-Dichlorobenzilic acid 

l,l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD) 

l,l-Dichloro-2,2-bis(p-ethylphenyl) ethane 

4,i4'-Dichloro-a-methylbenzhydrol 

<i,'i'-Dlchloro-a-(trichloromethyl)benzhydrol 

Heptachloro-tetrahydro-methanoindene (Heptachlor) 

♦Hexachlorocyclohexane (Benzene hexachloride) 

»Hexachlorocyclohexane, 100%Y-isomer (Lindane) 

Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, endo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Endrin). 
Hexachloro-epoxy-octahydro-endo, exo-dimethano- 

naphthalene (Dieldrin) . 
Hexachloro-hexahydro-endo, exo-dimethanonaphthalene 
(Aldrin). 



DOW. 

DA, DOW, MON, RIV. 

MON. 
DA. 

CHC, CIS, DOW, MON, RIV. 

DA, MDN. 

DOW. 

BKM, CLY, GUA, MTL, SCI, TRO, WRC. 

VEL. 

USR. 

VC. 

DOW. 

USR. 

BFG. 

TBK. 

TBK. 
TBK. 

BPC. 
HK. 

COM. 
COM. 
USR. 

DA, DOW. 

FMP. 

GGY. 

ACQ, PIC, RH. 

RH. 

ARA. 

RH. 

VEL. 

DA, FRO, HK, PPG, SF. 

HK. 

SHC, VEL. 

SHC. 

SHC. 



166 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 21B. --Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC— Continued 

»Insecticides — Continued 

*Chlorinated Insecticides — Continued 

Octachloro-tetrahydro-methanolndan (Chlordan) 

Toxaphene (Chlorinated can^ihene) 

»l,l,l-Trlohloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) 

1,1, l-Triohloro-2, 2-bis (p-methoxyphenyl)ethane 
(Methoxychlor ) . 

N,N-Diethyltoluamlde 

Isobomyl thiocyanatoacetate (Thanlte) 

1-Naphthyl methylcarbamate 

Organophosphorus insecticides : 

0-3 ( Chloro-4-methylumbelIlf erone ) 0, 0-dlethylphos- 

phorothioate . 
S-(p-Chlorophenylthio)methyl 0,0-diethyl phosphoro- 

dithioate. 
0,0-Diethyl 0- (2-isopropyl-'i-methyl-6-pyriinidlnyl) 
phosphorothioate (Diazlnon) . 
*O,0-Diethyl O-(p-nltrophenyl) phosphorothioate 

(Parathion) . 
»0,0-Dimethyl O-(p-nltrophenyl) phosphorothioate 
(Methyl parathion) . 
0, 0-Dimethyl S- (4-oxo-l, 2 , 3-benzotriazin-3 (AH) - 

ylmethyl) phosphorodithioate. 
0,0-Dlmethyl 0-(2,'i,5-trlchlorophenyl)phosphorothloate 
(Ronnel) . 

p-Dioxane-2,3-dlyl ethyl phosphorodithioate 

0-Ethyl 0-(p-nitrophenyl)phenyl phosphorothioate (EPN)- 
Nematocides: 0-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl) 0,0-dlethyl phosphoro- 
thioate . 
»Rodenticides : 

3-(Aoetonylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycouiiiarin (Warfarin) 

2-Pivaloyl-l,3-indandione 

PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC 

•Fungicides : 

Bis-l,4-bromoaoetoxybutene-2 

Cadmium succinate 

»Dimethyldithiocarbamlc acid, ferric salt (Ferbam) 

Dlmethyldithiocarbamic acid, manganese salt 

Disodium cyanodithloimidocarbonate 

Dodecylguanidine acetate 

Ethylene bis(dlthiocarbamic acid), diammonium salt 

»Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), disodium salt (Nabam)- 
Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamic acid), manganese salt 
(Manzate) . 

»Ethylene bis(dithlocarbamic acid), zinc salt (Zineb) 

3-Ethyl-(mercurithio)-l,2-propanediol 

Ethylmercury acetate 

Ethylmercury chloride 

Ethylmercury phosphate 

Hydroxyethylmercury acetate 

Methanearsonic acid, calciiom salt 

2-Methoxyethylmereury acetate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



VEL. 




HPC. 




ACG, 


DA, CCG, LEB, 


DUP. 




CWL, 


HPC. 


BKC, 


HPC. 


UCC. 




ORG. 




SF. 




GGY. 




ACY, 


AMP, MON. 


AMP, 


MON, SHC, VIC 


CHG. 




DOW. 




HPC. 




VIC. 




VC. 




ABB, 


PEN. 


MOT, 


PIC. 



YIN. 
MAL. 
DUP, 
FMN. 
BKM. 
ACY. 
CIS, 
CIS, 
CIS, 

CIS, 
DUP. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
DUP. 
WRC. 
VIN. 
WRC. 



FMN, RBC, WRC. 

RBC. 

DUP, FMN, RBC, RH. 

DUP, RH. 

DUP, FMN, RH. 
MTL. 



PESTICIDES AND OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS 



167 



TABLE 21B. — Pesticides and other organic agricultural chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were 

reported, identified by manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



PESTICIDES AMD OTHER ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL 
CHEMICAI5, ACYCLIC—Continued 

♦Fungicides — Continued 

Methylmercury hydroxide 

Methylmeroury nitrile 

Propanearsinic acid, calcium salt 

Gameticides: a, p -Dichloroisobutyrio acid, sodium salt 

♦Herbicides and other plant hormones: 

Cacodylic acid 

2-Chloroallyl diethyldithiocarbamate 

N,N-Diallyl-2-chloroacetamide 

2,3-Dichloroallyl diisopropyl thioot_bamate 

2,2-Dichloropropioiiic acid, sodium salt 

Diethyl dithiobis(thionofoniiate) 

0,0-Dimethyl 2,2, 2-trichloro-l-n-butyryloxyethyl 
phosphonate . 

Ethyl N,N-di-n-prqpylthiocarbamate 

Hexachloroacetone 

*Methanearsonic acid, disodium salt 

Methane arsonic acid, dodecyl- and octylammonium salts 

S-Propylbutylethylthiocarbamate 

S,S,S-Tributyl phosphorotrithioate 

Tributyl phosphorotrithioite 

Trichloroacetic acid, sodium salt (TCA) 

♦Insecticides: 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate 

Metaldehyde 

Organophosphorus insecticides: 

S-(l,2-Bis(ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl) 0,0-dimethyl phos- 
phorodithioate (Malathion). 

2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate (DDVP) 

0,0-Diethyl S-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl ] phosphorodithioate-- 

0,0-Diethyl 0-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl ] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Diethyl S-[2-(ethylthio)ethyl ] phosphorothioate 

0,0-Diethyl S-(ethylthio)methyl phosphorodithioate 

0,0-Diethyl phosphorochloridothioate 

Diethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

0,0-Dimethyl S-2-(ethylsulfinyl)ethyl phosphoro- 
dithioate. 

0,0-Dimethyl phosphorochloridothioate 

Dimethyl phosphorochloridothionate 

Ethyl pyrophosphate (Tetraethyl pyrophosphate) (TEPP)-- 
Methyl 3-hydroxycrotonoyl dimethyl phosphate (Phosdrin) 
O,O,0'-Tetraethyl-S,S'-methylerebis phosphoro- 
dithioate (Ethlon) . 

2-Thiocyanatoethyl laurate 

♦Rodenticides : Sodium fluoroacetate 

»Soil conditioners: Polyaorylonitrile, hydrolyzed, sodium 

salt. 
♦Soil fumigants: 

♦Bromomethane (Methyl bromide) 

Chloroplcrin 

♦l,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropane 

1,3-Dichloropropene, 1,2-Dichloropropane (D-D mixture) 

N-Methyldithiocarbamic acid, sodium salt 



MRT. 




WRC. 




VIN. 




X. 




ASL. 




MON. 




MON. 




MON. 




DOW. 




RBC. 




CHG. 




SF. 




ACG. 




ASL, CLY, VIN. 




VIN. 




SF. 




CHG. 




VC. 




DOW, MON. 




RH. 




COM. 




ACY. 




MTR, SHC. 




CHG. 




CHG. 




CHG. 




ACY. 




MON. 




VIC. 




CHG. 




MON. 




VIC. 




AMP, X. 




SHC. 




MP. 




RH. 




RBC. 




ACY, X. 




AMP, DOW, GLC, 


KLK, MCH 


DOW, IMC. 




AMP, DOW, SHC. 




DOW. 




DOW, SHC. 




DUP, SF. 





168 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 



[ Misoellaneous chemicals for which separate statistics are given in table 22A are marked with an asterisk (»); 
chemicals not so marked do not appear in table 22A because the reported data are accepted in confidence and may 
not be published. Manufacturers' identification codes shown below are taken from table 23. An x signifies that the 
manufacturer did not consent to his identification with the designated product] 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list instable 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC 

Adenine and adenosine derivatives 

Adenosine phosphates- -i 

2-Aminobenzothiazole 

l-(2-Ajiiinoethyl)piperazine 

Ammonium caseinate 

Barium octylphenate 

Benzoic acid salts: 

Aluminum benzoate 

Cadmium di(p-tert-butyl benzoate) 

Calcium benzoate 

*Sodium benzoate, tech 

»Sodium benzoate, U.S.P 

Tributyltin benzoate 

p-Benzoquinone (p-Quinone) 

Benzothiazole -. 

«Benzoyl peroxide 

Benzoylresorcinol 

p-Benzylaminophenol hydrochloride 

Biological stains 

Bis(2,4-dichlorobenzoyl) peroxide 

Boron fluoride -phenol complex 

a- [2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy] -4,5-methylenedioxy-2- 
propyltoluene ( Piperonyl butoxide ) . 

Butyl benzoate 

p-tert-Butylbenzoic acid, barium bis-salt 

2 (and 3)-tert-Butyl-<i-methoxyphenol 

tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate 

"i-tert-Butylpyrocatechol 

Calcium stearyl-2-lactylate 

Camphene 

Centralite-1 (N,N'-Diethyl-N,N'-diphenylurea) 

Chemical indicators 

Chemical reagents 

Chlorinated terphenyls 

5-Chlorobenzotriazole 

o-Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile 

2-Chloro-3-toluenesulfonylproplonitrile 

Chlorophyllin, sodium-potassium-oopper 

Cumene hydroperoxide 

Cyclohexanone peroxide 

Cyolohexene-l,2-dicarboxylic acid (Tetrahydrophthalic acid), 
disubstituted, polyester salts: 

Barium salt 

Barium cadmium salt 

Cadmium salt 

1,4-Cyclohexylenedimethanol 

Cyclopentanepropionic acid 

^Cyclopropane 

Cytidine and derivatives 

Cytidine phosphates 

Decahydronaphthalene (Decalin) 

Decyl diphenyl phosphite 



SBR. 
PBS. 
FMT. 
JCC. 
OTH. 
ROS. 

G. 
x. 

HN. 

HN, TUP. 

HK, HN, MON, TNP. 

X. 

EKT. 

ACT. 

CAD, OXY, SDH, WTL. 

G. 

EK. 

HLC, NAC. 

CAD. 

ACQ. 

FMP. 

KLK. 

CCA. 

EKT, UPM. 

WTL. 

DOW. 

MEE. 

GLD, HPC. 

PAS. 

EK, 

ACG, 

KPT 

MEE. 

GAM. 

MON. 

KCH. 

HPC. 

CAD, WTL. 



DEC. 

DEC. 

DEC. 

EKT. 

ARA. 

MAL, OH, QMS, TAE. 

SBR. 

PBS. 

DUP. 

HKP. 



HLC, LAM, NAC. 

. ARA, EK, FIN, GFS, HLC, LAM, MAL, NAC, PIC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



169 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales tvere reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, CYCLIC— Continued 

Deoxyribonucleic acid 

l,'*-Dlazabicyclo[2.2.2] octane (Triethylenediamine) 

Diazodinitrophenol 

l,3-Dibromo-5,5-dlmethylhydantoin 

*2 , 6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol : 

*Food grade 

»Tech 

2,5-Di-tert-butylhydroquinone 

l,3-Dichloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

p-(Diohlorosulfamoyl)benzoic acid (Halazone) 

Dichloro-5-triazine-2,'i,6(lH,3H,5H)trione 

(Dichloroisocyanuric acid). 
Dichloro-5-triazine-2,3,6(lH,3H,5H)trione, potassium salt-- 

Dichloro-5-trlazine-2,<i,6(lH,3H,5H)trione, sodium salt 

Dicyclohexylammonium nitrite 

N,N'-Dlcyclohexylcarbodllmide 

Dicyolopentadienyliron 

Didecyl phenyl phosphite 

1,4-Diethoxybenzene 

2,2 '-Di hydroxy --ij-i'-dlmethoxybenzophenone 

2,6-Dihydroxylsonlootinic acid (2,6-Dlhydroxy-4-carboxy- 
pyridine) . 

3,5-Dllodosalioylic acid 

Diisopropylene benzene hydroperoxide 

p-Dimethoxybenzene (Dimethyl ether of hydroquinone ) 

2,6-Dimethoxybenzoic acid 

4,4-Dinitrocarbanilide-4,6-dimethyl-2-pyriinidinol 

Dloxane (1,4-Diethylene oxide) 

Diphenyl hydrogen phosphite 

Diphenyloxazole 

Diphosphopyrldlne nucleotide derivatives 

l,2-Epoxy-3-phenoxypropane (Glyoidyl phenyl ether) 

6-Ethoxy-m-anol (Propenylmethylguaethol) 

5-Ethyl-10,10-diphenylphenazaEiline 

Ethylenedlaminebis[o-hydroxyphenylacetic acid], monosodlum 
ferric salt. 

2-Ethylhexyl octylphenyl phosphite 

2-Ethylhexyl tallate 

Ethyl hydrocaffeate 

4-Ethylmorphollne 

Fenchone 

»Flotation reagents: 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid (Dioreeylthiophosphoric 
acid). 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, ammonium salt 

Dicresylphosphorodithioic acid, sodium salt 

2,2'-Dimethylthiocarbanilide (Dl-o-tolylthiourea) 

Rosin amines 

Thiocarbanilide (Diphenylthlourea) 

Furan derivatives: 

2-Furaldehyde (Fvtrfural) 

2-Furoio acid 

Tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol 

Gallic acid, tech 

^Gasoline additives: 

N,N'-Bis(l,4-dimethylpentyl) -p-phenylenediamlne 

2,6-Dl-tert-butylphenol 



SBR. 
HOU. 
HPC. 
ARA. 

CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

BFG, CAT, EKT, HPC, KPT, SHC. 

EKT. 

GLY. 

ABB. 

MON. 

M3N. 

MDN. 

OMC. 

ACY. 

TNA. 

HKP. 

EKT. 

G. 

EK. 

MRT. 

HPC. 

ASL, EKT, ICO. 

LCA. 

MRK. 

DOW, UCC. 

HKP. 

ARA. 

PBS. 

SHC. 

ICO. 

MRK. 

GGY. 

VC. 
UCC. 
ICO. 

JCC, UCC. 
HNW. 

ACY. 

ACY. 

KCU. 

ACY, DUP. 

HPC. 

ACY, MDN, NAC. 

QKO. 
tJKO. 
QKO. 
MAL. 

EKT. 
TNA. 



6S8234 O - 62 - 12 



170 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Cheifiical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAIS, CYCLIC--Continued 

• Oasoline additives — Continued 

»N,N'-Di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamlne 

NjN'-Diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine 

*N,N'-Disalioylidene-l,2-propaiiediamlne 

Methylcyclopentadienylmaiiganese trioarbonyl 

2,2'-Thiobis[6-tert-butylphenol] 

All other 

Glyceryl p-aminobenzcate 

Guanosine 

Guanosine phosphates 

Hesperidin 

*Hexamethylenetetr ami ne , tech 

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 

Hydroxymethyl-5,5-dimethylhydantoin 

2-(2'-Hydroxy-5 '-methylphenyljbenzotriazole 

2-Iniidazolidinethione (l,3-Ethylene-2-thiourea) 

Inosine 

Inosine phosphates 

Isopropylcresols 

Lemon bioflavonoid 

*Lubricating oil and grease additives: 

Chlorosulfurized and sulfurized compounds: 

Alicyclic compounds, sulfiirized 

Heterocyclic compounds, sulfurized 

Tall oil ester, sulfurized 

Terpenes, sulfurized 

Liquid disulfide 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonates: 

Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, ammonium salt 

*011-soluble petroleum sulfonate, barium salt 

«Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt 

*Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt 

Phenol salts: 

Barium salt of dodecylphenol 

Barium salt of nonylphenol 

Barium salts of other alkylphenols 

Calcium salt of octylphenol-formaldehyde 

Calciijm salt of polypropylphenol 

Calcium salts of other alkylphenols 

All other 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) 

All other 

p-Menthane 

8-p-Menthyl hydroperoxide 

A-Methoxyphenol 

Methylbenzylphenol mixture 

o-Methylbenzylamine 

2,2'-Methylenebis L6-tert-butylphenol] 

2,2'-Methylenebis [4-chlorophenol] (Dichlorophene) 

<t,<l'-Methylenebis r2,6-di-tert-butylphenol] 

2,2'-Methylenebis [3,'4,6-trichlorophenol] (Hexachlorophene^ 
2,2'-Methylenedi-p-cresol (Bis(5-methyl-2-hydroxyphenyl) 
methane ) . 

Methylglucoside 

"i-Methylmorpholine 

Methyl phenyl phosphates 

l-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone, monomer 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP, EKT, UPM. 

DUP. 

DUP, EKT, SOI, SPP, THA, TX, UPM. 

TNA. 

CAT. 

EKT, UPM. 

VND. 

SBR. 

PBS. 

SKG. 

BOR, DUP, HKD, HN, PLS, UCP. 

G. 

GLY. 

GGY. 

PAS. 

SBR. 

PBS. 

CP, GIV. 

SKG. 



SIN, SOI. 

ORO. 

LUB. 

LUB. 

HK. 

SIN. 

ATR, CO, LUB, SIN, SON, x. 

CO, LUB, ORO, SHO, SOI, SON. 

CO, ENJ, MOR, NOP, PAR, SHO, SOC, SOI, SON, SUN, TX. 



X. 

CCA, 
LUB. 
SHC. 
ORO. 
ENJ, 
ACY, 
ORO, 
ENJ, 
HNW, 
HNW, 
ASL, 
DOW. 
ALB. 
CAT. 
GIV. 
SHC. 
GIV. 
GIV. 



CRN. 

JCC, UCC. 
TNA. 

a. 



ENJ. 



LUB, SIN. 

ENJ, LUB, ORO, SIN, TNA. 

X. 

ORO, SPP, TNA, VC, X. 

HPC. 

HPC. 

EKT, ICO. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



171 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales toere reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHIMICAI^, CYCLIC— Continued 

Methyl terpinyl ether 

Morpholine 

Morphollne oleate 

Morpholine salt of p-toluenesulfonlc acid 

»Naphthenic acid salts: 

Aluminum naphthenate 

Barium naphthenate 

Cadmium naphthenate 

*Calcium naphthenate 

Chromium naphthenate 

Cobalt lead manganese naphthenate 

■xCobalt naphthenate 

»Iron naphthenate 

*Lead naphthenate 

Lithium naphthenate 

Magnesium methoxynaphthenate 

^Manganese naphthenate 

Uevcury naphthenate 

Nickel naphthenate 

Rare earths naphthenate 

Sodium naphthenate 

Strontium naphthenate 

*Zino naphthenate 

Nicotinamide mononucleotide 

Organic mercury compounds: 

Phenyl mercuric borate 

Pyridyl mercuric acetate 

Phenolthiosulfonic acid 

2-Phenoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether) 

2-(2-Phenoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol phenyl ether)- 

Phenyl acid phosphate 

2,2 '-(p-Phenyleneoxy)diethanol (2,2-Paraphenyl- 
enedioxydiethanol) . 

Phenylmagneslum bromide 

^-Phenylmorpholine 

5-Phosphorylribose-l-pyrophosphate 

^Photographic chemicals: 

N-(2-Aoetamldophenethyl)-l-hydroxy-2-naphthamide 

2-(<i-Amino-N-ethyl-m-toluidino)ethyl sulfate 

3-Amino-6-methoxy-o-cresol hydrochloride (2-Methyl-6- 
methoxy-4-aminophenol hydrochloride) . 

3-Amino-l,2,<i-trlazole (5-Amino-l,3,4-trlazole) 

»Benzotriazole 

Catechol (Pyrocatechln) 

5-Chlorobenzotriazole 

3-Chloro— 4-diethylaminobenzenediazonlum chloride 

(p-Diazo-2-ohloro-N,N-diethylanillne) - zinc chloride. 

Chlorohydroqulnone • 

2,A-Diaminophenol dihydrochlorlde (Amidol) 

2,5-Diethoxy-'i-morphollnobenzenediazonium chloride 
(l-N-htorphollne-4-dlazo-2,5-diethoxybenzene) - zinc 
chloride. 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



HPC. 
JCC, 
PCH. 
AMB. 



UCC. 



HSH. 

CCA, QCP. 

CCA. 

CCA, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, TRO, ffTC. 

HNX. 

HNX, HSH. 

CCA, CCC, CCW, CS, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, 

SW, TRO, ffrc. 
CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, SOC, SRR, WTC. 
CCA, CCC, CCW, HNX, HSH, MLD, QCP, SHP, SOC, SPP, SW, 

SRR, SW, TRO, WTC. 
CCA. 
SPP. 
CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SOC, SPP, SRR, SW, TRO, 

WTC. 
MTL. 
CCA. 

CCA, HNX. 
CCA. 
CCA. 

CCA, CCC, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SOC, SRR, SW, TRO, WTC. 
PBS. 

WRC. 

MAL. 

G. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW. 

VC. 

EKT. 

AHA. 
UCC. 
PBS. 

EKT. 
EKT. 

X. 

FMT. 

EK, FW, MEE, MRT. 

KPC. 

FMT. 

FMT. 

EK. 

VPC. 

IDC. 



172 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC--Continued 

■x-Photographic chemicals — Continued 

»p-Diethylamlnobenzenediazonlum chloride (p-Diazo-N,N- 
dlethylanlline) - zinc chloride. 

N,N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamlne hydrochloride 

N,N-Dlethyltoluene-2,5-diamine, monohydrochloride 

2,5-Dihydroxyhenzenesulfonic acid 

p -Dime thy laminobenzenediazonium chloride (p-Diazo- 

N,N-dimethylanillne) - zinc chloride. 
p-(N-Ethylbenzlmido)benzenediazonium chloride (p-Dlazo- 

N-benzyl-N-ethylaniline) - zinc chloride. 
p-[ Ethyl( 2-hydroxyethyl) amino] benzenedlazonium chloride 
(p-Diazo-N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylanlline) - zinc chloride 

N-Ethyl-N-hydroxyethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate 

N-Ethyl -N - (p -methanesulf onamidoethyl ) toluene -2,5 -diamine 
sulfate . 

Hydroquinone (Hydroqirlnol) 

p- [ (2-Hydroxyethyl)methylamino]benzenediazonium chloride 
(p-Dlazo-N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylanlline) - zinc 
chloride. 
3 -Hydroxy -N- ( 2-hydroxyethyl ) -2-naphthamide 
(P-Oxynaphthoicmonoethanolamide) . 

5-Hydroxy-7-methyl-l,3,<t-trlazoindollzine 

N-(p-Hydroxyphenyl) glycine 

l-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)urea 

4-Isopropoxy-l-naphthol 

■4-Methoxy-l-naphthol t 

p-Methylaminophenol sulfate (Metol) 

5-Methylbenzotriazole 

1-Methylbenzoxazole 

1-Methylnaphthoxazole 

6-Nitrobenzimidazole 

Phenylhydroquinone 

Phenyl-5-mercaptotetrazole 

l-Phenyl-3-pyrazolldone 

4-Phenylpyrocatechol 

•4,4.' -Thiodlresorcinol (Diresorcyl sulfide) 

All other 

Phthallo acid, lead salt, dibasic 

Phthalocyanine disulfonic acid, cobalt salt 

Phthalooyanine disulfonic aold, copper salt 

Plnene 

Polyethylene terephthalate 

Propyl gallate 

Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) 

»Rosln acid salts: 

Aluminum reslnate 

Calcium resinate 

Calcium zinc resinate 

Copper resinate 

Iron resinate 

Lead resinate 

Manganese resinate 

Zinc resinate 

»Salicylanilide 

Salicylanilide, polybrominated 

Salicylic acid, lead salt-- 

Salicylic acid, trlbutyltln salt 



FMT, G, IDC, MRT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

EK. 

FMT, IDC. 

FMI, MRT. 

FMI, IDC. 

IDC. 

EKT. 

CRS, EKT. 
FMT, IDC. 

FMT. 

FMT. 
IDC. 
FMT. 
MEE. 

X. 

EK, HSH. 

EK, 

FMT. 

FMI. 

EK, FMT. 

ACY. 

FMT. 

GGY. 

X. 

BKC. 

FMT, X. 

NTL. 

NAC. 

NAG. 

OLD, HPC. 

DUP, EK. 

EKT, FIN, HN. 

HSH, MAL. 



JMS, 
JMS, 
JOD. 
JMS. 
JMS. 
HSH, 
JMS, 
JMS, 
DUP, 
FIN. 
NTL. 



MAL. 
SW. 



JMS, SRR. 

SHE. 

SW. 

FIN, MEE, ICN, PCW. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



173 



TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CYCLIC —Continued 

Silicones 

Stearyl-2-laotylic acid 

Sulfosalloylio acid 

Sodium cresoxlde (Cresyllc acid, sodium salt) 

Tall oil fatty acid chloride 

«Tall oil salts (Linoleic -rosin acid salts): 

Barium zinc tallate 

«Caloium tallate 

«Cobalt tallate 

*Copper tallate 

Iron tallate 

Lead manganese tallate 

»Lead tallate 

ffManganese tallate 

Zinc glyceryl tallate 

»Zinc tallate 

Tannic acid 

•Tanning materials, synthetic: 

Hydroxytoluenesulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 
(Cresol-formaldehyde sulfonate), sodium salt. 
»2-Naphthalenesulfonio acid, formaldehyde condensate and 
salts. 

2-Naphtholsulfonlc acid, formaldehyde condensate 

l-Phenol-2-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

l-Phenol-4-sulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate 

Styrene maleic anhydride interpolymer, partial sodium 

salt. 
Sulfonyldlphenolsulfonic acid, formaldehyde condensate — 

2-Terpinoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol terpinyl ether) 

1,2,3,'i-Tetrahydronaphthalene (Tetralin) 

Tetrahydro-2 -naphthylmethy lidyne - 1 -octadecenylpyrimidine — 

Tetrahydrothiophene 

Tetraphenylhutadiene 

Textile chemicals, other than surface-active agents: 

N-Benzyl(and N,N-di'benzylj-p-sulfanilic acid 

1 , 3 -Bis ( hydroxymethyl ) -2-imidazolidone ( Dimethy lol 
ethylene urea). 

Heptadeoyl-N-methylbenzimidazole 

1- [(Octadecyloxy )methyl] pyridinium chloride " 

Phenol, sulfurated 

Protalbinic acid 

Tetrahydro-3,5-bis(methoxymethyl)-4H-l,3,5-oxadiazin-'i- 
one. 

2,2','*j'^'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 

All other 

2,2 '-Thiobls [4-chlorophenol] 

2,2 '-Thiobis [<i,6-dichlorophenol] — 

Thymidine phosphates 

o-Tolylbiguanide 

3,4,4' -Trichlorocarbanilide 

Trichloromelamine 

l,3,5-Trlchloro-5-trlazine-2,'i,6(lH,3H,5H)trione (Trichloro 
isocyanuric acid). 

Tri-(m,p) -cresyl borate 

3,'«,5-Trimethoxybenzoic acid 

s-Trioxane 



Maniif acturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DCC, SPD. 

MEE. 

FIN, MDN, MRK. 

DEX, GOC. 

G. 



HSH. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
HSH. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA. 
CCA, 
MAL. 



HNX, MLD, TRO, WTC. 

CCC, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SHR, TRO, WTC. 

HNX, SHP. 

HNX, MCA, SRH, WTC. 

CCC, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

CCC, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHE, SRR, TRO, WTC. 

HNX, HSH. 



G, GGY. 

GRD, NAC, NOP, NYC, RH. 

NOP. 

NOP, RH. 
NOP. 
DUP. 

G. 
HPC. 

DUP. 

SPP. 

>ffiT, ORO, PAS. 

ARA. 

G. 
ACY, x. 

TRC. 

DUP. 

G. 

CMG. 

DEX. 

G. 

SNW. 

GIV, OPC. 

CAT, KDN, SDH. 

PBS. 

M3N. 

MON. 

x. 

MON. 

USB. 

KF. 

CEL. 



174 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, CyCLIC--Continued 

Triphenyl phosphite 

Triphenylphosphorus 

Triphenyltin chloride 

Vinyl cyclohexenedioxide 

Uridine 

Uridine phosphates 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone, monomer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyTrolidinone, polymer 

l-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone - vinyl acetate copolymer 

NCSCELLAHEOUS CHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC 

*Acetaldehyde 

Acetamide 

Acetamidine hydrochloride 

2-Acetamldoethanol (N-A.cetylethanolamine) 

Aoethydrazide trimethylammonium chloride 

»Acetic acid, synthetic, 100"? 

*Aoetic acid salts: 

Aluminum acetate 

AluminiJm subacetate 

»Ammonium acetate 

Barium acetate 

Cadmium acetate 

Calcium acetate 

Chromium acetate 

Cobalt acetate 

*Copper acetate 

Lead acetate 

Lead subacetate 

Lead tetraacetate 

Magnesiimi acetate 

Manganese acetate 

Mercuric acetate 

Nickel acetate 

*Potassium acetate 

Silver acetate 

Sodium acetate 

Zinc acetate 

»Acetie anhydride, LOO'S 

From acetaldehyde 

From ethylene 

From recovered acetic acid by the vapor-phase process 
From acetic acid (other than recovered) by the vapor- 
phase process. 
Acetin: 

Mono 

Tri — 

Aoetoacetic acid, sodium salt 

»Acetone: 

By fermentation 

From cimiene 

»From isopropyl alcohol 

All other 

Acetone semicarbazone 

Acetone, sodium bisulfite 

Acetonitrile 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



HK, HKP, MDN. 
MET. 

X. 

ucc. 

SBR. 

PBS. 

G. 

G. 

G. 



BFG, CEL, COM, DUP, EKT, HPC, 

ACG. 

MRK. 

RBC. 

ARA 

CEL, COM, EKT, HPC, PUB, UCC, 



MDN, PUB, SHC, UCC. 



ACY, UCC. 






MAL. 






ACG, BKG, 


IjlAL. 




ACG, BKC, 


MAL. 




ACG, MAL. 






ACG, BKC, 


MAL. 




ACY. 






HSH, SHP. 






ACG, BKC, 


UCC. 




ACG, BKC, 


SRR, 


sw. 


ACG, BKC, 


G. 




ARA. 






ACG, BKC. 






HSH, SHP. 






ACG, BKC, 


MAL. 




HSH, SHP. 






ACG, BKC, 


CWL, 


MAL, UCC. 


MAL. 






ACG, BKC, 


CEL, 


EKT, MAL, 


ACG, BKC, 


HSH, 


MAL, UCC. 


HPC. 






UCC. 






CEL. 






CEL, EKT. 






KES. 






EKT. 






UCC. 






PUB. 






ACP, HPC, 


SHC, 


SOC. 


EKT, EN J, 


SHC, 


UCC. 


CEL. 






NOR. 






Fwr. 






EKX, UCC. 







UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



175 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1967— Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



NaSCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Acetyl chloride 

Acetyl peroxide 

Acrolein (Acrylaldehyde) 

»Aorylic acid 

Acrylic monomers not specifically listed 

»Acrylonitrile 

*Adipic acid 

Adipic acid, ethylene glycol -propylene glycol ester — 

Adiponitrile 

^Alcohols, monohydric, unsubstituted: 
»Aloohols G9 or lower: 

Allyl alcohol 

Anyl alcohols: 
«Unmixed : 

Isopentyl alcohol (Isoamyl alcohol) 

2-Methyl-2-butanol (tert-Amyl alcohol) 

2-Pentanol 

3-Pentanol 

Mixed: 

*Fusel oil, refined 

Other than fiisel oil: 

Primary mixed 

Secondary mixed 

Other 

*Butyl alcohols: 
Primary : 

Iso (Isopropyloarbinol) 

^Normal (n-Propylcarbinol) 

Secondary (Methylethylcarbinol) 

Tertiary (Triraethylcarbinol) 

Mixed 

2,6-Dimethyl-^-heptanol (Diisobutyloarbinol) 

»Ethyl alcohol, synthetic 

2-Ethyl-l-butanol (sec-Hexyl alcohol) 

2-Ethyl-l-hexanol 

Hexyl alcohol 

l-Hexyn-3-ol 

3-Hexyn-2-ol 

*Iso-octyl alcohols 

»Isopropyl alcohol 

^Methanol, synthetic 

2-Methyl-3-butyn-2-ol 

3-Methyl-3-pentanol 

4.-Methyl-2-pentanol (l-Methylisobutylcarbinol) — 

3-Methyl-l-pentyn-3-ol (Methylparafynol) 

2-Ivtethyl-2-propen-l-ol (Methallyl alcohol) 

»1-Ootanol 

«2-0ctanol 

Octanols, mixed 

Propyl alcohol (Propanol) 

2-Propyn-l-ol 

All other 

•Alcohols Cio and higher: 

»Decyl alcohols 

3,9-Diethyl-O-tridecanol 

Dodecyl alcohol (Lauryi alcohol) 

7-Ethyl-2-methyl-'i-hendecanol 



TBK. 

WTL. 

CEL, SHC, UCC. 

BFQ, NTL, RH, UCC. 

RH. 

ACY, BFG, DUP, M3N, SOH, UCC. 

CS, DUP, MON, NAC. 

PFZ. 

CS, DUP. 



DOW, SHC. 



FB, YIS", USI. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

UCC. 

COM, FMP, PUB, USI. 

EKX, PAS, UCC. 

PAS. 

PAS. 



CEL, 

CEL, 

ENJ, 

SHC. 

CEL, 

UCC. 

EKX, 

UCC. 

CEL, 

EH J, 

AIR. 

LIL. 

EKX, 

ENJ, 

ACN, 

AIR. 

AIR. 

SHC, 

AIR. 

BPC. 

DUP. 

RH, 

PG. 

CEL, 

0. 

CEL, 

DUP, 
UCC. 
DUP, 
UCC. 



EKT, EKX, UCC, X. 
DUP, EKX, PUB, UCC. 

SHC. 

EKX. 

ENJ, HPC, SHC, UCC, USI, x. 

EKX, UCC. 
UCC. 



ENJ, GOC, SOI, UCC. 

SHC, UCC. 

CEL, COM, DUP, ESC, HPC, MDN, SPN, UCC, x. 



UCC. 

iTH. 

DUP, UCC. 
EKX. 

ENJ, GOC, PG, RH, SOI 
PG, RH. 



, UCC. 



176 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961— Continued 



Chemical 



Manxifaoturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Alcohols, monohydrio, \msubstituted — Continued 
*Alcohols Cio 3^<i higher- -Continued 

5-Ethyl-2-nonanol 

1-Hexadecanol (Cetyl alcohol) 

*1-Ootadeoanol (Stearyl alcohol) 

cis-9-Octadecen-l-ol (Oleyl alcohol) 

1-Trideoanol 

2,6,8-Trimethyl-4.-nonanol 

All other 

Aldol (Acetaldol) - 

Alkylene oxides, mixed 

Alkyl sulfides, mixed 

Allyl cyanide 

l-Allyl-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-thiourea (N-p-Hydroxyethyl- 
N '-allylthiourea) . 

Allyl isothiocyanate, nonflavoring grade 

Allyl methacrylate 

l-(Allyloxy)-2,3-epoxypropane (Allyl glyoidyl ether) 

3-(Allyloxy)-l,2-propanediol (Allyl glyceryl ether) 

Aluminum isopropoxide (Aluminum isopropylate ) 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) phosphate 

Amidinourea (Guanylurea) sulfate 

♦Amines : 

*Butyl amine 

tert-Butylamine 

Coco diamine 

♦Coconut oil amine 

N-Coco-l,3-propanediamine 

Diallylamine 

Dibutylamine 

♦Diethylamine 

Diethylamine hydrochloride 

Diethylenetrlamine 

N.N-Diethylethylenediamine 

N ,N"'"-Diethyl-l,4--pentanediainine (Novoldiamine) 

N,N-Diethyl-l,3-propanediamine 

Diisopropylamine 

♦Dimethylamine 

Dimethylamine alltyl and fatty derivatives 

Dimethylamine sulfate 

N, N- Dime thy Ihexadecylamine 

Dlmethylmyrystylamine 

N,N-Dimethylootadecylamine (Stearyldimethylamine) 

N,N-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediaiiiine 

Dipentylamine ( Di amylamine ) 

Dipropylamine 

Dipropylenetriamine 

Disoya amine 

♦Dodeoylamine 

Ethylamine 

Ethylenediamine 

Ethylenediamine dihydrochloride 

Ethylenediamine sulfate 

Hexadecylamine 

1,6-Hexanedi amine (Hexamethylenediamine) 



DUP, RH. 
DUP, PG. 
DUP. 



DUP, GOC, PG, RH. 



IDC. 



UCC. 
ADM, 
ADM, 
ADM, 
EN J. 
UCC. 
ADM, 
UCC. 
DOW. 
ORO. 
RBC. 
FMT, 

ICO. 
SAH. 
SHC. 
SHC. 
SFA. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



EKT, PAS, UCC. 

MDN, RH. 

ADM. 

AM, ARC, FOR, GNM. 

GNM. 

SHC. 

PAS, UCC. 

DUP, PAS, UCC. 

BKL. 

DOW, UCC. 

ALB, COK. 

SDH. 

UCC. 

PAS, UCC. 

COM, DUP, PAS, RH. 

ARC, BC, X. 

RH. 

ONX. 

BC. 

ARC. 

UCC. 

PAS. 

PAS, UCC. 

UCC. 

ARC. 

ARC, FOR, GNM. 

PAS, UCC. 

DOW, UCC. 

BKC. 

EK. 

ADM, GNM. 

CS, DUP. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



177 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

^Amines- -Continued 

3,3'-Iininobispropylainine 

Isobutylamine 

Isopentylamine 

Isopropylamine 

«Methylaiuine, mono- 

Ootadecylamine 

Octylamine 

Oleylamine 

Pentylamine (Monoamylamine) 

Primary amines, mixed 

1,2-Propanediamine (Propylenedi amine) 

1,3-Propanediamlne 

Propylamine 

Soybean oil amine 

*Tallow amine 

«Tallow amine, dihydrogenated 

i<Tallow amine, hydrogenated 

Tallow diamine 

Tallow dimethylquatemaryamine, dihydrogenated 

Tallow methylamines , dihydrogenated 

N-Tallow-l,3-propanediamine 

Tetraethylenepentamine 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethyl-l,3-butanediamine 

N,N,N',N'-Tetramethylethylenediamine 

Triallylamine 

Tributylamine 

Tricaprylylamine 

Tridodeoylamine 

Triethylamine 

Triethylenetetramine 

«Trimethylamine 

Trimethylenediamine fatty derivatives 

Trimethylethylenediamine 

Tripentylamine 

Tripropylamine 

All other 

Amine acid reaction products 

2-Amino-l-butanol 

1-Aminoethanol (Acetaldehyde ammonia) 

2-Aminoethanol (Monoethanolamine) sulfite 

Aminoethoxypropylsilane 

2-(2-Aminoethylamino)ethanol (Aminoethylethanolamine) — 

2-Amino-2-ethyl-l,3-propanediol 

Aminoguanidine bicarbonate 

2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-l,3-propanediol (Tris (hydroxy 
methyl ) aminomethane ) . 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol 

2-Amino-2-methyl-l-propanol 

3-Amino-l-propanol 

»Amyl acetates, 90%: 

Amyl acetate (n-Pentyl acetate) 

Isopentyl acetate (Isoamyl acetate) 

Mixed 

Azelaic acid 

2 ,2 '-Azobis [ 2-me-thylproplonitrile ] (a ,a'-Azodiisobutyro- 
nitrile). 



Manuf actiirers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



UCC. 

PAS. 

ALB. 

PAS, 

COM, 

AM, 

ARC, 

ARC, 

PAS. 

RH. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

PAS, 

ARC. 

ADM, 

ADM, 

ADM, 

ADM. 

ADM. 

AM, 

GNM. 

DOW, 

UCC. 

RH. 

SHC. 

PAS. 
GUM. 

GNM. 
PAS, 
DOW, 

COM, 
ARC, 

RH. 

PAS. 

PAS. 

ALB, 

SHC. 

COM. 

TBK. 

SUM. 

UCS. 

DOW, 

COM. 

TRJ. 

COM. 

COM. 
COM. 
UCC. 

COM, 

FB, 

PAS, 

EMR. 

WST. 



UCC. 

DUP, PAS, RH. 
ARC, GNM. 
RH, UCC. 
FOR, GNM. 



UCC. 

ARC, FOR, GNM. 
ARC, FOR, GNM. 
ARC, FOR, GNM. 



ARC, GNM. 
UCC. 



UCC. 

UCC. 

DUP, PAS, RH. 

FOR. 



ARC, EK, GNM, HAP. 



UCC. 



TBK. 

m. 

PUB, UCC. 



178 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS GHEMICAIS, ACYCLIC --Continued 

Barbituric acid 

Barbituric acid, sodium salt 

Behenamide (Docosanamide) 

Behenic aoid 

Bis[2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene glycol 

dibutyl ether) . 
Bis(2-butoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol di-n-butyl 

ether ) . 

Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane (Dichloroethylformal) 

«Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (Dichlorodiethyl ether) 

Bis(2-chloro-l-methylethyl) ether (Dichloroisopropyl ether) 

Bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-heptyl) maleate 

Bis(dodecyltrimethylaminoniimi) polythionate 

Bis(2-ethoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol diethyl ether)- 

Bis(hydroxyethyl) ether butynediol 

l,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)urea (Dimethylolurea) 

Bis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl] ether (Tetraethylene glycol 

dimethyl ether) . 
Bis (2-methoxyethyl) ether (Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

Bis(tributyltin) oxide 

Bis(trichloromethyl) sulfone 

Biuret 

Boric acid esters: 

Trihexylene glycol biborate 

All other 

Boron alcoholate 

Boron fluoride ethyl ether complex 

Boron trifluoride monoethylamine complex 

Brom'al 

N-Bromoacetamide 

2-Bromododecanoic aoid (a-Bromolauric acid) 

N-Bromosuooinimide (Succinibromimide) 

l,2(and l,3)-Butanediol (Butylene glycol) 

l,4--Butanediol 

2,3-Butanediol (2,3-Butylene glycol) 

2,3-Butanedione 2-oxime 

2-Butanone (Methyl ethyl ketonej 

Butanone mixture 

»2-Butanone oxime 

2-Butanone peroxide 

2-Butene-l,4-diol 

3-Buten-2-one (Methyl vinyl ketonej 

l-Butoxy-2,3-epoxypropane (Butyl glyoidyl ether) 

2-Butoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether) 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monobutyl 

ether) . 
2-[2-(2-Butoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monobutyl ether). 

2-(2-Butoxyethoxy) ethyl acetate 

l-Butoxyethoxy-2-propanol 

2-Butoxyethyl acetate 

»Butyl acetates, 90%: 

»Iso 

»Normal 

Secondary 

Tertiary 

Mixed 



ABB. 
ABB. 
HND. 
ADM. 
RBC. 

DOW, UCC. 

TKL. 

DOW, JCC, OMC, WYN. 

DOW, JCC, WYN 

G. 

BKC, PAS. 

UCC. 

G. 

DUP, X. 

ASL. 

ASL. 
x. 

SF. 
SW. 

USB. 

USB. 

SFA. 

ACG. 

ACG. 

SDW. 

ARA. 

DUP. 

ARA, SDW. 

GEL. 

G. 

UCC. 

EK. 

EN J, SHC, UCC. 

CEL. 

ALB, CCA, NAC, TRO. 

CAD, SHC, WTL. 

G. 

PFZ. 

SHC. 

OMC, UCC. 

OMC, UCC 

DOW, OMC. 



UCC. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




CEL, 


EKT, PAS, UCC. 


CEL, 


COM, EKT, PUB, UCC 


ENJ, 


HPC, PUB, SHC. 


RH. 




CEL. 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 

TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



179 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Butyl acrylate 

Butylene oxide 

Butyl ether (Di-n-butyl ether) 

tert-Butyl hydroperoxide 

2,2'-(Butyliinino)diethanol (N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)butyl 
amine) . 

Butyl isocyanate 

Butyl lactate 

Butyllithium 

seo-Butyllithium 

Butylmagnesium chloride 

tert-Butyl peroxide (Di-tert-butyl peroxide) 

tert-Butyl peroxyacetate 

tert-Butyl peroxyisobutyrate 

1-Butyne (Ethylacetylene) 

2-Butyne-l,4-diol 

Butyraldehyde 

Butyraldehyde oxime 

*Butyrio acid 

Butyric anhydride 

Butyrolactone 

Butyronitrile 

Butyryl chloride 

«Carbon disulfide 

"Cellulose esters: 

"Cellulose acetate 

Cellulose acetate butyrate 

Cellulose acetate propionate 

Cellulose propionate 

Nitrocellulose (Cellulose nitrate) 

All other 

"Cellulose ethers: 

Ethylcellulose 

Ethylhydromethylcellulose 

Hydroxyethylcellulose 

Methylcellulo&e 

"Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, 100% 

Sodium oarboxymethylhydroxyethylcellulose 

"Chloral (Trichloroacetaldehyde) 

Chloroacetamide 

"Chloroacetic acid, mono- 

Chloroacetic acid, mono, derivatives: 

Butyl chloroacetate 

"Ethyl chloroacetate 

Methyl chloroacetate 

Sodium chloroacetate 

Chloroacetonitrlle 

Chloroacetyl chloride 

»2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylethylamine (Dimethylaminoethyl 
chloride) hydrochloride. 

2-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

3-Chloro-N,N-dimethylpropylamine hydrochloride 

2-Chloroethanol (Ethylene chlorohydrin) 

2-(2-Chloroethoxy)ethyl 2-chloroethyl ether (Triethylene 
glycol diohloride). 

2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 

4-Chloro-3-hydroxybutyronitrile 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



CEL, UCC. 
DOW, UCC. 
EK, UCC. 
CAD, SHC, WTL. 
PAS. 

CWN. 

COM. 

AMP. 

LCA. 

ARA. 

SHC, WTL. 

WTL. 

WTL. 

AIR. 

G. 

CEL, EKX, UCC. 

NAC. 

CEL, EKT, UCC. 

EKT, UCC. 

G. 

EKX. 

HK, TBK. 

ACG, BKI, FMW, OLH, PAS, PPG, SF. 

AV, CEL, DUP, EKT. 

EKT. 

EKT. 

CEL. 

DUP, HPC. 

EK. 



DOW, 


HPC. 








HPC. 










HPC, 


UCC. 








DOW. 










BUK, 


DUP, 


HPC 


WYN. 




BUK, 


HPC. 








DA. 


FM*, 


GGY, 


MTO. 




BPC. 










BPC, 


BUK, 


DOW, 


HPC, 


M3N 


MON. 










DOW, 


KF, 


MON. 






DOW, 


KF. 








DOW. 










BPC. 










DOW. 










ABB, 


GAM, 


MCH, 


NES, 


WYT 


WYT. 










MCH. 










OMC, 


UCC. 








UCC. 










UCC. 










EK. 











180 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Contlnued 

Chloromalelc anhydride 

Chloromethojtjrpropylmerourio acetate 

Chloromethyl methyl ether 

l-Chloro-l-penten-3-one (P-Chlorovinyl ethyl ketone)-- 

»3-Chloro-l,2-propanediol (Glycerol a-cMorohydrin) 

2-Chloro-l-propanol 

Chloro-2-propanone ( Chloroacetone ) 

3-Chloropropionic acid 

N-Chlorosuccinimide (Succinichlorimlde) 

2-Chlorotriethylamine hydrochloride 

Chlorotrimethylsilane 

Citric acid 

Citric acid salts: 

Ammonium citrate 

Barium citrate 

Calcium citrate 

Ferric ammonium citrate 

Ferric citrate 

Ferrous calcium citrate 

Manganese citrate 

Potassium citrate 

Sodium citrate 

Coconitrile 

Coconut oil amide 

Crotonaldehyde 

Crotonic acid (2-Butenoic acid) 

2-Cyanoaoetamide 

Cyanoaoetic acid 

n-Decane 

1,10-Decanediol 

Decanoic acid (Caprio acid) 

Decanoyl peroxide 

1-Decene 

2,3-Dibromo-l-propanol 

l,2-Dit>utoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dl-n-butyl ether) 

2-Dibutylaminoethanol 

Dibutyl ammonium laurate 

«Di butyl fumarate 

Dibutylmethoxytin fDibutyl tin methoxide) 

l,3-Dibutyl-2-thiourea 

Dibutyltin compounds ; 

Dibutyltin bis(isooctyl mercaptoacetate) 

Dibutyltin bis(lauryl meroaptide) 

Dibutyltin dichloride 

Dibutyltin dilaurate 

Dibutyltin maleate 

Dibutyltin mercaptopropionate 

Dibutyltin oxide 

All other 

Dichloroaoetaldehyde 

Dichloroacetic acid 

Dichloroacetyl chloride 

Dichlorodimethylsilane 

Dichlorohydrogenmethylsilane 

Dichloromethylvinylsilane 

l,3-Dichloro-2-propanol 

2,3-Dichloropropanol 



RBC. 

SCI. 

EK, HK, X. 

ABB. 

EKT, EVN, ICO. 

BPC. 

BPC, EK, 

Dow, LIL. 

NAC. 

MCH. 

UCS. 

BZ, MLS, 

PFZ. 



GAM. 



PFZ. 



PFZ. 



PFZ. 
MLS, 

KES. 
EKT, 



PFZ. 



UCC. 



MAL, 

SW. 

PFZ. 

MAL, 

MAL. 

BKL. 

MAL. 

MAL, 

MAL, 

FOR. 

AHC, 

CEL, 

EKT. 

KF. 

KF. 

HM3f. 

NEP. 

FOR. 

CAD. 

HMY. 

DUP. 

DOW, 

PAS. 

UCC. 

DEC, M3N, RUB. 

CCA. 

PAS. 



CCA, MLD, X. 
CCA, X. 
CCA. 

X. 



UCC. 



FMW. 

DOW, 

EK. 

UCS. 

UCS. 

DCC. 

PRR. 

UCC. 



KF. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



18] 



TABLE 22B, —Miscellanemis chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC --Continued 



»Didodecyl 3,3'-thiodipropionate 

Diethoxydimethylsilane 

Diethyl aoetol 

Diethylaluininum chloride 

Diethyl allyliBopentylmalonate 

2-Diethylajiiinoethanol 

2- ( 2-DiethylaTn1 noethoxy ) ethanol 

2-Dlethylaiainoethyl methaorylate 

Diethylaminopropionamide 

Diethyl seo-butylethylmalonate 

Diethyl butylmalonate 

Diethyl sec-butylmalonate 

2,2-Diethylbutyric acid (Triethylaoetic acid) 

Diethylcarbamoyl chloride 

Diethyl carbonate (Ethyl carbonate) 

Diethyl diethylmalonate (Diethyl malonlo ester) 

»Diethylene glycol 

Diethylene glycol chloroformate 

Diethyl (ethoxymethylene)malonate 

Diethyl ethylisopentylmalonate 

Diethyl ethylmalonate (Ethyl malonic ester) 

Dietl^rl ethyl(l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Di-2-ethyl-l-hexyl fumarate 

Di-2-ethyl-l-hexyl maleate 

N,N-Diethylhydroxylainine oxalate 

N,N-Diethylhydroxylaiiiine sulfate 

Diethyl maleate 

♦Diethylmalonate (Malonic ester) 

Dietl^l (l-methylbutyl)malonate 

Diethyl methylmalonate 

Diethyl oxalate (Ethyl oxalate) 

Diethylthiophosphoryl chloride 

l,3-Diethyl-2-thlourea - --. 

Diglycolic acid 

2,'4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyric acid, Y -lactone (Panto- 
laotone) . 

l,3-Dihydroxy-2-propanone 

Diiscieoyl fumarate 

Dliso-ootyl fumarate 

2-Diisopropylaminoethanol 

Dlisopropylammonium nitrite 

Diisopropyl peroxydicarbonate (Isopropyl percarbonate) 

Dimethoxyethane (Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether) 

N,N-Dimethylacetamide 

»2-Dimethylaminoethanol 

3-Dimethylaminopropionitrile 

Dimethylcarbamuyl chloride 

N-(1,1-Diraethyldecyl)methylenimine 

N,N-Dimethylformainide 

Dimethylglyoxime 

2,5-Dimethyl-2,5-hexanedlol -- 

2,5-Dimethyl-3-hexyne-2,5-diol 

1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 

Dimethyl malonate 

3,6-Dimethyl-4-octyne-3,6-dlol 

Di(4-methyl-2-pentyl) maleate 

2,2-Dimethyl-l,3-propanediol (Neopentyl glycol) 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY, 
UCS. 
UCC. 
TNA. 
EPS. 
PAS, 
PAS. 
DUP. 
DUP, 
ABB. 
BPC. 
ABB. 
BPC. 
GAM. 

Dm, 

BPC, 



CCA, EVN, HAB. 



UCC. 



FMP. 
LIL. 



ACN, CAU, DOW, G, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 
PPG. 
-KF. 

BPC, LIL. 
LIL. 
ABB. 
RUB. 
QCP. 
EK. 
EK. 

ACY, UCC. 
ABB, KF, LIL. 
ABB, LIL. 
BPC. 

BPC, FMP. 
ACY. 
PAS. 
DUP. 
ACY. 

ABB, BAX, PFZ. 

RUB. 

RUB. 

PAS, UCC. 

OMC. 

PPG. 

ARA, ASL, OMC 

DUP. 

PAS, RH, UCC. 

ACY. 

GAM. 

SPP. 

DUP. 

EK. 

AIR. 

AIR. 

FMP, FMW. 

KF. 

AIR. 

RUB. 

EKX. 



182 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer , 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC- -Continued 

Dimethyl sulfoxide 

Dimethyltin compounds 

1,3-Dimethylurea 

Dioctyl maleate 

l,3-Dioctyl-2-thiourea 

Dioctyltin oxide 

*Dipropylene glycol 

Ditridecyl fumarate 

n-Dodecane 

1-Dodecene 

*Dodecenylsuccinio anhydride 

Dodecylnitrile 

*Epichlorohydrin 

Eruc amide 

Erucic acid 

Ethanedithiol 

*Ethanolamines : 

*2-Amlnoethanol (Monoethanolamine) 

»2,2 '-Iminodiethanol (Diethanolamine) 

*2,2',2" -Nitrilotriethanol (Triethanolamine) 

Ethanolamine salt with formaldehyde 

*2-Ethoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether) 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol (Diethylene glycol monoethyl 
ether ) . 

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethyl acetate 

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate 

3-Ethoxypropionitrile 

l-Ethoxy-l,3,3-trimethoxypropane 

*Ethyl acetate, 85% 

Ethyl acetoacetate 

»Ethyl aery late 

Ethylalimiinum dichloride 

Ethylaluminum sesquichloride 

2-Ethylaminoethanol (Ethylmonoethanolamine) 

Ethyl bromoacetate 

2-Ethylbutyr aldehyde 

2-Ethylbutyric acid (Diethylaoetic acid) 

Ethyl carbamate 

Ethyl chloroformate 

Ethyl 3-(chlorofoniiyl)propionate (p -Carbethoxypropionyl 
chloride) . 

Ethyl cyanoacetate 

Ethylene, from ethyl alcohol 

Ethylene carbonate 

*Ethylene glycol 

Ethylene glycol diacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

♦Ethylene oxide 

»Ethyl ether: 

Absolute 

Tech 

U.S.P 

*Ethyl formate 

2-Ethylhexanal (a -Ethylcaproaldehyde) 

2-Ethyl-l,3-hexanediol 

2-Ethylhexanoio acid (a-Ethyloaprolo acid) 



CRZ. 






X. 






PAS 






DEC, RUB. 






PAS. 






X. 






GEL, DOW, 


JCC, 


OMC, UCC. 


RUE. 






HMY. 






HMI. 






HMY, MON, 


NAC. 




FOR. 






DOW, SHC, 


UCC. 




ADM, FIN. 






ADM. 






RBC, TKL. 






ACN, DOW, 


JCC, 


OMC, UCC. 


ACN, DOW, 


JCC, 


OMC, UCC. 


ACN, DOW, 


JCC, 


OMC, UCC. 


RH. 






DOW, OMC, 


UCC. 




DOW, OMC, 


UCC. 




UCC. 






EKT, OMC, 


UCC. 




ACY. 






KF. 






CEL, COM, 


EKT, 


ENJ, HPC, PUB, SRC, UCC 


FMP, UCC. 






CEL, RH, 


UCC. 




TNA. 






TMA. 






PAS, UCC. 






DOW. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






FMP. 






FMP. 






ABB. 







KF. 

OH. 

DOW, JCC. 

ACN, CAU, CEL, DOW, DUP, ENJ, G, HGH, JCC, OMC, UGC, 

WYN. 
UCC. 
SAR. 
ACN, CAU, DOW, G, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

MAL. 

ENJ, HPC, UCC, USI. 

MAL, OMS. 

COM, FB, TBK, UCC. 

EKX, UCC. 

UGC. 

EKT, UCC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



183 



TABLE 22B. ■ 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i 962— Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHE^fl:CA^S, ACYCLIC— Continued 

»2-Ethylhexanoic acid (a-Ethylcaproic acid) salts: 

Alumnum 2-ethylhexanoate 

Barium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate 

«Caloium 2-ethyLhexanoate 

«Cobalt 2-ethylhexanoate 

Copper 2-ethylhexanoate 

Iron 2-ethylhexanoate 

*Lead 2-ethylhexanoate 

Lithium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Manganese 2-ethylhexanoate 

Potassium 2-ethylhexanoate 

Rare earths 2-ethylhexanoate 

Strontium 2-ethyIhexanoate 

»Zino 2-ethylhexanoate 

Zirconium 2-ethylhexanoate 

»2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acetate—- 

2-Ethyl-l-hexyl acrylate 

Ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-methylbutyrate (Ethyl a-hydroxyisovalerate 
2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl) -1,3-propanediol (Trimethylol- 
propane ) . 

2-Ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl) -1,3-propanediol esters 

2,2'-(Ethylimino)diethanol (N,N-Bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)- 
ethylamine j . 

2-Ethylisohexyl acetate 

Ethyl lactate 

Ethylmagnesium bromide 

Ethylmagnesium chloride 

2-(Ethylmercapto)ethanol 

Ethyl polysiloxanes 

»Ethyl propionate 

Ethyl propyl nitrate 

Ethyl silicate (Tetraethoxysilane) 

Ethyl sulfate (Diethyl sulfate) 

Ethyl vinyl ether 

Fats and oils, chemically modified: 

Castor oil, dehydrated or hydrogenated 

Castor oil, phosphated 

Lard oil, nitrated 

Vegetable oils, brominated 

Fatty acids, chemically modified: 

a-Bromo(laurio-steario) acids 

Castor oil fatty acids, dehydrated 

All other 

»Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents: 

Butyl palmitate 

Ethyl stearate 

Hexadeoyl stearate 

»Isopropyl myristate 

»Isopropyl oleate 

»Isopropyl palmitate 

Isopropyl stearate 

Methyl decanoate 

Methyl ester of coconut oil 

Methyl ester of lard oil 

Methyl esters of tallow 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ROS. 

HNX, HSH, SRR, SW, WTC. 

CCW, HNX, HSH, MLD, SHP, SRR, SW, WC. 

SRR. 

HNX, HSH, NTL, SHP, SRR, SW, WTC. 

HNX, SW. 



HNX, HSH, ROS, SRR, WTC, x. 

HNX. 

EKT, UCC. 

UCC. 



WTC. 
CCA. 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA, 
CCA. 
CCA, 

mc. 

CCA, 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA. 

CCA, 

CCA, 

DEC, 

CEL, 

RH. 

CEL. 

CEL. 
PAS. 



EKT. 

KF. 

ARA. 

ARA. 

PAS. 

SFA. 

FB, NW, TBK. 

TNA. 

MTR, SFA, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

BAC. 
VIC. 
SPP. 
DOM, RT. 



DUP. 
BAC. 
RH, RT. 



NOP. 
ICO. 
KES. 
AHC, 
AHC, 
AHC, 
KES. 
FOR. 
FOR. 
CCW. 
FOR. 



GIV, KES, PRP. 

KES, PRP. 

DRW, GIV, KES, PRP. 



184 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 1961 



TABLE 22B. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

*Fatty acid esters, not included with plasticizers or 
surface-active agents — Continued 

Methyl 12-hydroxystearate 

Methyl myristate 

Methyl ootanoate 

Pentaerythritol monostearate 

1,2-Propylene glycol dioleate 

Vinyl stearate, monomer and polymer 

All other 

Flotation reagents: 

Isopropyl ethylthionocarbamate 

Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Potassium dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium di-sec-butyl diethyl phosphorodithioate — 

Sodium di-sec-butyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diethyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodixim dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Sodium ethyl(and methyl) phosphorodithioates 

Xanthates : 

Potassium n-butylxanthate 

Potassium seo-butylxanthate 

Potassium ethylxanthate 

Potassium hexylxanthate 

Potassium isopropylxanthate 

Potassium pentylxanthates 

Potassium sec-pentylxanthate 

Sodium n-butylxanthate 

Sodium sec-Butylxanthate 

Sodixira ethylxanthate 

Sodium isopropylxanthate 

All other 

*Formaldehyde , 37% by weight 

Formamide 

*Formic acid, gO^, 

»Formic acid salts: 

Aluminum formate 

Ammonium formate 

Calcium formate 

Chromic formate 

Lead formate 

Nickel formate 

Sodium formate, refined 

Sodium formate, tech 

ThallouB formate 

*Fumario acid 

Fumaric acid, lead salt (Tetrabasio) 

Gluconic acid, tech 

Glucose pentaacetate 

Glutaric acid 

Glycerol, synthetic 

Glycerol tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

Glycine (Amlnoacetic acid), tech 

Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



BAC. 
FOR. 
FOR. 

X. 

DRW. 
AIR. 
RT, X. 

DOW. 

ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 
ACY. 



USR. 








DOW. 








ACY, 


DOW. 






DOW. 








DOW. 








ACY, 


DOW. 






DOW. 








KCC, 


USR. 






ACY, 


DOW. 






ACY, 


DOW. 






ACY, 


DOW. 






ACY, 


DOW. 






ACN, 


BOR, 


CEL, 


COM, DUP, 


RH 


, SPN 


, TRJ 


, UCP. 


DUP. 








DUP, 


HN, 


MAL, 


VIC. 


SNW, 


VIC, 


UCC. 




ACG, 


HEX. 






TRJ. 








MAC. 








NTL. 








HSH. 








ACG, 


RFC. 






HN, 


HPC. 






EK. 








BZ, 


HN, MON, NAC, PCC. 


NTL. 








DLI, 


PFZ. 






BKL. 








CS, 


EK. 






DOW, 


SHC. 






JCC, 


UCC, 


WYN. 




BPC. 








BPC. 









HKD, HN, HPC, KF, M3N, RCI, 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



185 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMCALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Glyoollo acid (Hydroxyacetic acid) 

Glyoolic acid, aluminum salt 

Glyoolonitrile 

Glycoxal 

Guanidine hydrochloride 

i-Guanyl-l-isonltrosoguanyl-l-tetrazene 

*Halogenated hydrocarbons : 

*l-Bromobutane (n-Butyl bromide) 

2-Bromobutane (sec-Butyl bromide) 

Bromochloromethane 

l-Bromo-3-chloropropane (Trimethylenechlorobromide ) - 

*Bromoethane (Ethyl bromide) 

l-Bromohexadecane (Cetyl bromide) 

l-Bromohexane (n-Hexyl bromide) 

l-Bromo-octadecane 

1-Bromopentajie (n-Amyl bromide) 

2-Bromopentane ( 1-Methylbutyl bromide) 

l-Bromopropane (n-Propyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropene (Allyl bromide) 

3-Bromopropyne 

Bromotrichloromethane 

Bromotrifluoromethane 

*Carbon tetrachloride 

«Chlorinated paraffins: 

Less than 35% chlorine 

»35%-&i% chlorine 

65% or more chlorine 

1-Chlorobutane (n-Butyl chloride) 

2-Chlorobutane 

l-Chloro-l,l-difluoroe thane ' 

«ChlorodifluDromethane 

*Chloroethane (Ethyl chloride): 

Tech 

U.S.P— 

■»Chloroform; 

*Tech 

»U.S.P 

«Chloromethane (Methyl chloride): 

Crude 

Refined (Refrigerant grade) 

l-Chloro-3-methylbutane (Isoamyl chloride) 

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl chloride) 

3-Chloro-2-methylpropene (Methallyl chloride) 

Chloropentanes, mixed isomers 

2-Chloropropane (Isopropyl chloride) 

3-Chloropropene (Allyl chloride) 

l-Chloro-5,5,7,7-tetramethyl-2-octene 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, (Trifluorovinyl chloride)-- 

Chlorotrifluoroethylene, polymerized 

Chlorotrif luoromethane 

Dibromodifluoromethane 

1,2-Dibromoethane (Ethylene dibromide) 

Dibromomethane (Methylene bromide) 

l,2-Dibromo-l,l, 2, 2-tetraf luoromethane 

2,3-Dichloro-l,3-butadiene, brominated polymer 

1,^-Diohlorobutane 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 




TRC. 




ACY. 




UCC. 




ACY. 




REM. 




DOW, 


EK, MCH. 


ABB, 


BPC. 


DOW. 




DOW, 


MCH. 


DOW, 


GLC, MCH. 


MCH. 




BPC. 




DUP, 


G. 


DOW. 




ABB, 


LIL. 


DOW, 


EK. 


DOW. 




G. 




DOW. 




DOW, 


DUP. 


ACG, 


ACS, DA, DOW, FMW, FRO, PPG, SF 


HK. 




CCH, 


DA, DVC, HK, HPC, KPT, WOI. 


DA, 


DVC, WOI. 


PUB, 


UCC. 


NES. 




ACG. 




ACG, 


DUP, PAS, UCC. 


AME, 


DOW, DUP, HPC, TNA, USI. 


DOW, 


SHC. 



ACS, DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, KLK, SF. 
ACS, DA, DOW. 

ASL, DCC, KLK, SPD, TNA. 

ACS, DA, DOW, DUP, TNA. 

LIL. 

EK. 

FMP. 

PAS. 

DOW. 

DOW, SHC. 

X. 

ACG. 

ACG, HK. 

ACG, DUP, PAS. 

DOW, DUP. 

AMP, DOW, ETD, FMW, GLC, MCH, TNA. 

DOW. 

DUP. 

CWN. 

DUP. 



658234 O - 62 - 13 



186 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI£, ACYCLIC--Contlnued 

■»Halogenated hydrocarbons - -Continued 

»Dichlorodifluoromethane 

»1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene diohloride) 

Dichlorofluoromethane 

»Dichlorome thane (Methylene chloride) 

Dichloropentanes, mixed isomers 

*l,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichlorlde) 

2,3-Dichloropropene 

»Dichlorotetrafluoroethane 

1,1-Difluoroethane 

1,1-Difluoroethylene 

Difluorotetrachloroethane 

Diiodomethane (Methylene iodide) 

Hexaf luoropropylene , monomer 

lodoethane (Ethyl iodide), tech 

Iodoform (Triiodomethane) 

lodomethane (Methyl iodide), tech 

2-Iodopropane 

1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane (Acetylene tetrabromlde)--- 
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane (Acetylene tetrachloride)- 

«Tetr aohloroethylene ( Perchloroethy lene ) 

Tetrafluoroethylene, monomer 

Tetrafluoroethylene polymer (Teflon) 

Tetrafluoromethane 

1,1,1-Trichloroe thane (Methyl chloroform) 

1,1,2-Triohloroethane (Vinyl trichloride) 

*Trichloroethylene 

»Triohlorofluoromethane 

»l,2,3-Trichloropropane 

1,2,3-Trichloropropene 

Triohlorotrifluoroethane 

*Vinyl chloride, monomer ( Chloroethylene ) 

Vinyl fluoride 

Vinylidene chloride, monomer (1,1-Dichloroethylene) 

Vinylidene fluoride 

All other 

2-Heptanone (Methyl amyl ketone) 

3-Heptanone (Ethyl butyl ketone) 

1-Heptene 

Hexadecane 

1-Hexadecene 

Hexadecenylsucoinic anhydride 

Hexadlenal 

Hexa(2-ethylbutoxy)diEiloxane 

Hexamethyleneadipamide 

2,5-Hexanedione (Ace tony lace tone) 

1,2,6-Hexanetriol 

1,2,6-Hexanetriol octanoate 

Hexanoic acid (Caproic acid) 

5-Hexen-2-one (Allylacetone) 

Hexyl ether 

2-(Hexyloxy)ethanol (Ethylene glycol hexyl ether) 

Hydraorylonitrile (Ethylene cyanohydrin) 

Hydrazine and salts 

2-Hydrazinoethanol— 

2-Hydroxy-2-methylbutyric acid - 



ACG, DUP, PAS, UCC. 

AME, DA, DOW, JCC, MON, CMC, PPG, RH, TNA, UCC, VVYN. 

ACG. 

ACS, DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, KLK, SF. 

PAS. 

DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

UCC. 

ACG, DUP, PAS. 

ACG. 

ACG. 

DUP. 

NTB, SDW, x. 

DUP. 

EK. 

NTB. 

EK. 

EK. 

DOW. 

DUP, PPG. 

DA, DOW, DUP, FRO, PPG, SF, TTX. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DUP. 

DOW. 

DOW, UCC. 

DOW, DUP, HK, PPG, TTX. 

ACG, DUP, PAS, UCC. 

DOW, SHC, UCC. 

DOW. 

ACG, DUP, PAS, UCC. 

ACS, AME, BFG, CUC, DOW, GNT, GYR, MON, TNA, UCC, USR. 

DUP. 

DOW, TNA. 

DUP. 

EK, HMY, LIL, RH, SDH, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

HMY. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

CS. 

RBC. 

UCC. 

KES. 

FB, TBK. 

FMP. 

CEL, UCC. 

UCC. 

UCC. 

FMT, OMC. 

NOR. 

BPC. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



187 



TABLE 22B. --Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



I/ianuf acturers ' Identification codes 
(according to list in table 23; 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICAI^, ACYCLIC—Continued 

2-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-l,3-propanediol (Trimethylol- 

ethane ) . 
2-CHydroxymethyl)-2-nitro-l,3-propanediol (Tris(hydroxy- 

methyl)nitromethane) . 
N-(Hydroxymethyl)octadecananiide (N-Hydroxymethylstearamide) 

A-Hydroxy-'i-methyl-2-pentanone (Diacetone alcohol) 

(Hydroxymethyl)urea (Methylol-urea) 

3,3 '-Iminodipropionitrile 

lodomethylmercury iodide 

Isethionic acid (2-Hydroxyethanesulfonic acid) 

»Isoascorbic acid 

Isoascorbic acid, sodium salt 

Isobutyl isobutyrate 

Isobutyl vinyl ether 

Isobutyraldehyde 

Isobutyric acid and anhydride 

Isobutyric acid, zinc salt 

Isobutyronitrile 

Isodeoaldehyde, mixed isomers 

Isodecanoic acid, mixed isomers 

Isodecyl aery late 

Iso-octanoic acid, mixed isomers 

Isopropanolamines : 

l-Amino-2-propanol (Monoisopropanolamlne) 

l,l'-Iminodi-2-propanol (Diisopropanolamine) 

1,1', 1 "-Nitrilotri-2-propanol (Triisopropanolamine) 

»Isopropyl acetate 

2-Isopropylaminoethanol 

Isopropyl chloroformate 

»Isopropyl ether 

Isovalerone (Diisobutyl ketone) 

Isovaleryl chloride 

Itaconic acid (Methylenesuccinio acid) 

»Lactic acid, IOO56: 

»Edible 

'•Medicinal 

•Technical 

Lactic acid salts: 

Aluminum sodium chlorohydroxylactate 

Calcium lactate 

Sodium zirconium lactate 

Zirconium lactate 

Lactic anhydride 

Lactide (3,6-Dimethyl-2,5-p-dioxanedione) 

Laurie acid salts 

Lauroyl chloride 

Lauxoyl peroxide 

Levulinic acid 

♦Linoleic acid salts: 

•Calcium linole^te 

Cobalt linoleate 

Copper linoleate 

Iron linoleate 

»Lead linoleate 

Lead manganese linoleate 

Manganese linoleate 



TRJ. 



COM. 



DUP. 






SHC, 


UCC. 




DUP. 






Acy. 






NTB. 






G. 






MLS, 


MRK, PFZ. 




BAX, 


MLS, MRK, PFZ. 




EKX. 






UCC. 






EKX, 


UCC. 




EKT. 






EKT. 






EKX. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






DOW, 


UCC. 




DOW, 


UCC. 




DOW, 


UCC. 




EKT, 


ENJ, HPC, PUB, SHC, 


UCC 


PAS. 






FMP, 


PPG. 




ENJ, 


SHC, UCC. 




UCC. 






TBK. 






PFZ. 






AMZ, 


CLN, DUP. 




DUP. 






AMZ, 


CLN, DUP. 




REH. 






AMZ, 


SHF. 




tlTL. 






HTL. 






FB. 






CLN. 






ccw. 






G, HK, MDN, TBK, WTC. 




CAD, 


OTL. 




^0. 






CCA, 


LEF, SHP, SRR. 




SHP, 


SRR. 




TRO, 


WTC. 




HSH. 






SDH, 


SHP, SRR. 




SDH, 


SRR. 




SHP. 







188 



SYNTHEIJCLORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



NCSCELLAMEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



»Lubrica1,ing oil additives: 

Chloronaphtha xanthate 

Chlorosulf uri zed hydrocarbon 

Chlorosulfiirized lard oil 

Chlorosulfurized sperm oil ■^ 

High-moleoular-weight hydrocarbons and their phosphonis 
derivatives. 

Lauryl and diethylaminoethyl polymethacrylates 

Oxidized hydrocarbons 

*Phosphorodithioates (Dithiophosphates) : 

Barium alkyl phosphorodithioates 

Barium dioctyl phosphorodithioate 

Barium polyisobutylene phosphorodithioate 

Nickel zinc alkyl phosphorodithioates 

Zinc alkyl phosphorodithioates 

Zinc di{butylhexyl) phosphorodithioate 

Zinc dihexyl phosphorodithioate 

Zinc diisopropyl phosphorodithioate 

Zinc hexyl isopropyl phosphorodithioate 

All other 

Phosphorosulfurized compounds 

Sulfurized butenes 

»Sulfurized lard oil . 

Sulfurized methyl oleate 

»Sulfurized sperm oil 

Tetradeoyl selenide 

All other 

Magnesium methylate 

Maleic acid 

Maleic acid, tribasio lead salt 

«Maleic anhydride 

Malic acid 

Malonamide 

Malonic acid 

Malononitrile 

Mannitol 

Mannitol hexanitrate 

Mercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) 

«Jfercaptoacetic acid (Thioglycolic acid) derivatives: 
2-Aiiiinoethyl meroaptoaoetate (Monoethanolamine thip- 
glycolate). 

»Aiiimonium mercaptoacetate (Ammonium thioglyoolate ) 

Antimony mercaptoacetate 

Calcium mercaptoacetate 

Dibutyltin mercaptoacetate 

Ethylene glycol dimercaptoacetate 

Iso-octyl mercaptoacetate 

Sodium mercaptoacetate 

Mercaptoethanol 

3-Mercapto-l,2-propanediol (Thioglyoerol) 

P-Mercaptopropionic acid 

Mesityl oxide 

Metal soaps of oxidized hydrocarbons 

Methacrylamide 

Methacrylate monomers, above methyl 

Methacryllc acid 

Methacryloyl chloride 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MDN. 
EN J. 
CCW. 
CCW. 
SOI. 

DUP. 
ALX. 



LUB, 


X. 


ACY. 




X. 




SIN. 




EN J, 


LUB. 


ORO. 




MON, 


SIN. 


ACY. 




ACY, 


X. 


ENJ, 


LUB. 


EN J, 


SIN. 


LUB. 




CCW, 


GOC, SIN, SOI. 


SIN. 




CCW, 


LUB, QCP, SIN, SOI, WBG. 


ORO. 




CCW, 


EKX, ENJ, HK, LUB, MON, OMC, ORO, SIN, X 


MRT, 


SFA. 


NAC, 


PFN, UCC. 


NTL. 




ACY, 


HN, MDN, NAC, PCC, PTT, RCI, SOC. 


EK, 


NAC. 


KF. 




KF. 




KF. 




APD. 




APD. 




EVN. 




EVN, 


HAB, RET. 


EVN, 


HAB, HLN, RET, SUM. 


CCA. 




EVN. 




CCA. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




EVN. 




UCC. 




EVN. 




EVN 




SHC 


UCC. 


ALX 




RH. 




DUP 




DUP 


RH. 


BKC 





MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



189 



TABLE 22B. 



—Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i56i— Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Methanesulfonio aoid 

«-2-Methoxyethanol (Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether) 

2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethaiiol (Diethylene glycol monomethyl 

ether) . 
2- [2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethanol (Triethylene glycol 

monomethyl ether) . 
2-(2-Methoxyethoxy)ethyl 2-methoxyethyl ether (Triethylene 

glycol dimethyl ether) . 

2-Methoxyethyl acetate 

4-Methoxy-4-methyl-2-pentanol 

•4-Methoxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone 

Methoxypolyethylene glycol 

l-Methoxy-2-propanol 

3-Methoxypropionitrile 

3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propanol (Dipropylene glycol methyl 

ether) . 
3- [3-(3-Methoxypropoxy)propoxy]propanol ( Tripropy lene 

glycol methyl ether) . 

N-Methylacetamlde 

«Methyl acetate 

Methyl acetoacetate 

Methyl acrylate, monomer 

Methylal (Dimethoxymethane) 

Methylaluminum sesquichloride 

2-Methylaminoethanol (N-Methylethanolamine) 

Methyl borate 

Methyl borate azeotrope methanol 

2-Methyl-l-buten-3-yne (Isopropenylacetylene) 

Methyl butynoxyethanol 

Methyl carbamate 

Methyl chloroformate 

Methyl cyanoacetate 

Methyl 2-cyanoacrylate 

Methyl dichloroacetate 

N,N'-Methylenebisacrylamide 

N,N'-Methylenebisoctadecanamide 

Methyl ether (Dimethyl ether) 

Methyl ethyl carbamate (Methyl urethane) 

Methyl formate 

N-Methylglucamlne 

Methyl glycolate (Methyl hydroxyacetate) 

Methyl hexanoate (Methyl oaproate) 

5-Methyl-2-hexanone (Methyl isoamyl ketone) 

2,2'-(Methyllmino)diethanol (Methyl diethanolamine) 

2-Methyllactonitrile (Acetone cyanohydrin) 

Methylmagnesium bromide 

Methylmagneslum iodide 

Methyl methacrylate, monomer 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l, 3 -propanediol 

2-Methyl-2-nitro-l-propanol 

2-Methyl-2,'4-pentanediol (Hexylene glycol) 

<l-Methyl-2-pentanone (Methyl isobutyl ketone) 

<i-Methyl-2-pentanone oxime (Methylisobutyl ketoxime) 

'4-Methyl-2-pentyl acetate 

Methylpolyethanolamine 

2-Methyl-2-propyl-l,3-propanediol 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



EK, PAS. 




DOW, OMC, UCC. 




DOW, OMC, UCC. 




DOW, OMC, UCC 




ASL. 




UCC. 




SHC. 




SHC. 




JCC, UCC. 




DOW. 




ACY. 




DOW. 




DOW. 




EK. 




AIR, BOR, ICO, SRC, 


UCC 


UCC. 




CEL, RH. 




CEL. 




TRA. 




UCC. 




CAL, MHI, SFA. 




HUC. 




AIR. 




AIR. 




FMP. 




DLM. 




KF. 




EKT. 




KF, PD. 




ACY. 




ARC. 




COM, DUP, 




BKL. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




DUP. 




FOR. 




UCC. 




UCC. 




DUP, RH. 




ARA, CEL. 




ARA. 




DUP, RH, USP. 




COM. 




COM. 




SHC, UCC. 




SHC, UCC. 




ALB. 




PUB, SHC, UCC. 





ICO. 



190 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 22B, -Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 796i— Continued 



1 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 



Methyl sulfate (Dimethyl sulfate) — - 

Methyl sulfide (Dimethyl sulfide) — 

N-Methyltaurine - Z'W 

2-Methylvaleraldehyde ( 2-Methylpentaldehyde ) - 

2-Methylvalerio acid 



Methyl vinyl ether - " "7 J" 

Mucochloric acid (2,3-Diohloro-3-formylaorylio aoid) 

Naringin 

Nitriminobispropionio aoid 

Nitroethane 

Nitromethane 

1-Nitropropane 

2-Nitropropane 

Nonanoio aoid (Pelargonio aoid) 

Nylon (Polyhexamethylene adipamlde) 

1-Ootadeoene 

Octadeoyl isooyanate 

n-Octane " 

1-Ootanethiol (n-Ootyl meroaptan) 

Ootanoio acid (Caprylio acid) 

«Octanoio aoid (Caprylio aoid) salts: 

Aluminum octanoate 

Barium octanoate 

Cadmium octanoate 

Stannous octanoate 

Zinc octanoate 

«2-Ootanone (Hexyl methyl ketone) 

3-Octanone (Amyl ethyl ketone) 

Ootanoyl chloride 

1-Ootene . 

l-(and 2-)0ctene - """ 

2-Ootene 

Ootenylsuccinio anhydride 

Oleamide (Ootadeoene amide) 

*01eio aoid salts: 

Aluminum oleate 

Barium zino oleate 

Cobalt oleate 

Copper oleate 

Dlethylamlne oleate 

Lead oleate 

Stannous oleate 

Oleonitrile 

Oleoyl chloride 

«Oxalic acid 

Oxalic aoid salts: 

Ammonium oxalate 

Calcium oxalate 

Ferric ammonium oxalate 

Ferric oxalate 

Ferric sodium oxalate 

Potassium binoxalate 

Potassium oxalate 

Sodium binoxalate 

Sodium oxalate 

Stannous oxalate 

Oxalyl chloride 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



DUP. 

CRZ. 

G. 

UCC. 

UGC. 

G. 

EK. 

SKG. 

ACY. 

COM. 

COM. 

COM. 

COM. 

EMR. 

CS, DUP. 

HMY. 

MOB. 

HMY. 

PAS. 

FOR. 

LEF, NOP. 

CCW. 

CCW. 

WTC. 

BKC. 

ACP, EICI, TBK, WTH. 

SHC. 

HK, TBK. 

HMY. 

WTH. 

ACP. 

HMY. 

ARC, FIN, HND. 

MAL, WTC. 

HSH. 

CCW. 

SHP, SRH, WTC. 

WTC. 

SHP, WTC. 

X. 

ARC, 
DEP, 
ACG, 



FOR, GNM. 

G, WTH. 

HK, MAL, PFZ, VIC. 



ACG, BKC, PFZ. 

VIC. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

PFZ. 

BKC. 

ACG, BKC, PFZ. 

VIC. 

ACG, BKC, MAL, VIC. 

X. 

EK. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



191 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

Oxidized hydrocarbon mixtures, other than lubricating oil 
additives. 

2-Oxohexamethylenimne (Caprolaotam) 

Palmitic acid salts: 

Aluminum palmitate 

Zinc palmitate 

Palmitoyl chloride 

Paraformaldehyde 

Paraldehyde (Paracetaldehyde) 

»Pentaerythritol 

Pentaerythritol, di- and tri- 

»Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

2,4-Pentanedione (Acetylacetone) 

2,<*-Pentanedione derivatives 

Pentanone (Methyl propyl ketone) 

3-Pentanone (Diethyl ketone) 

Pentyl nitrate (Anyl nitrate) 

Perchloromethanethiol ( Perchloromethyl mercaptan) 

Peroxyacetic acid 

*Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) 

♦Phosphorus acid esters, not elsewhere specified (See also 

Plasticizers, Surface -Active Agents, Pesticides, Flota- 
tion reagents, and Lubricating oil additives): 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate 

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphite 

Butyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Chloropropyl thiophosphate 

Di butyl butylphosphonate 

Didodecyl hydrogen phosphate 

Diethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite 

Dimethyl methylphosphonate 

Dodeoyl phosphates (mono) 

2-Ethylhexyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Ethyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Iso-octyl phosphate (mono and di) 

Isopentyl octyl hydrogen phosphate 

Methyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Octyl phosphates (mono and di) 

Pentyl phosphates (Mono and diamyl phosphates) 

«Tri butyl phosphate 

Tributyl phosphite 

Tributyl trlthiophosphate 

Tridecyl phosphite 

Trietl^fl phosphite 

Triisobutyl phosphate 

Triiso-octyl phosphite 

Trimethyl phosphate 

Trlmethyl phosphite 

Trioctadecyl phosphate 

Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate 

Trls(2-chloroethyl) phosphite 

Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate 

Tris (Dichloropropyl) phosphate 

Trls(2-ethylhexyl) phosphite 

All other 



ALX. 



DUP, 


NAC. 




LEF, 


NOP, 


WTC. 


ACY, 


LEF, 


NOP, WTC. 


G, TBK. 




CEL, 


DUP, 


HN. 


UCC. 






COM, 


DCI, 


NH, HPC, RCI, TRJ 


HPC. 






APD, 


DUP, 


HPC, TRJ. 


UCC. 






MAK. 






UCC. 






UCC. 






TNA. 






CHO. 






FMB. 






DM, 


DUP, 


NAC, PPG, SWC. 


UCC, 


VC. 




VC. 






vc. 


VIC. 




TNA. 






VC. 






DUP. 






VC. 






VC. 






VC. 






VIC. 






VIC. 






VIC. 






VC. 






VC. 






HK, 


VIC. 




DUP. 






HK. 


VIC. 




CEL, 


COM, 


FMP. 


VC. 






KLK. 






HKP. 






VC. 






EKT, 


KMP. 




VC. 






TNA. 






VC. 






IOC. 






CEL, 


ENJ, 


UCC. 


VC. 






DUP, 


MCH. 




CEL. 






HKP, 


VC. 




MDN, 


VC. 





)92 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC' CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. —Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, 1961 — Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLAMEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

Pimelio acid (Heptanedioic acid) 

Pine oil, synthetic 

Polyacrylamide 

Polyacrylic acid 

*Polyacrylic acid salts: 

Ammonium polyacrylate 

Sodium polyacrylate 

All other 

Polyacrylonitrile 

Polyethoxyethylhexitol 

PolyethoxyetlQTlsorbitol 

Polyethoxyethyl stearyl ether 

«Polyethylene glycol 

Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Polyethylene glycol maleate 

Polyethylene oxide 

Polyethylene polysulfide 

Polygalacturonio acid 

Polyglycerol 

Polyglycols, ethylene glycol and glycol ethers, mixtures 

Polyisobutylene succinic anhydride 

Polyoxypropylene ethers 

Polypropoxyglucose 

Polypropoxysorbitol 

*Polypropylene glycol 

Polytetramethylene glycol 

1,3-Propanediol (Trimethylene glycol) 

Propionaldehyde 

*Propionic acid 

Propionic acid salts: 

Calcium propionate 

*Sodium propionate 

Zinc propionate 

Propionic anhydride 

Propionitrile 

Propionyl chloride 

Propyl acetate 

Propylene carbonate 

*Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) 

Propylene glycol, mixed ethers 

♦Propylene oxide 

m- Propyl isocyanate 

Propyl 4-methylvalerate (Propyl isocaproate) 

Propyl nitrate 

Propyne (Methylaoetylene) 

Pyruvaldehyde 

Rare sugars 

Ricinolamide 

Ricinoleic acid, calcium salt 

Sarcoslne (N-Methylaminoacetic acid) 

Sarcosine, sodixim salt 

Sebacic acid 

Sebacoyl chloride 

Semicarbazide base and hydrochloride 

Semioxamazide 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



ACY. 
CBY. 
ACY. 
BFG, 



NOP. 



NOP. 
JOR, 
GRD. 



RH. 



BFG, 

BFG, 

BFG, 

DUP. 

TCH. 

APD. 

G. 

ACN, DOW, JCC, CMC, UCC, WYW. 

SAR. 

CCA. 

UCC. 

BFG. 

SKG. 

CP, DRW, WTC. 

DOW. 

PFZ. 

WYN. 

APD. 

APD. 

ACS, APD, DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

DUP. 

RBC. 

EKX, 

CEL, 



UCC. 
COM, 



DUP, EKT, UCC. 



CEL, DUP. 

CEL, DUP, UCC. 

BKC. 

CEL, EKT, UCC. 

RBC, UCC. 

ABB, EK, TBK. 

CEL, PUB, UCC. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 

CEL, DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, x. 

DOW. 

CEL, DOW, JCC, OMC, UCC, WYN. 

CWN. 

COM. 

TNA. 

AIR. 

UCC. 

PFN. 

TKL. 

BAC. 

ATL, DUP, G, HMP, VPC. 

GGY. 

WTH, x. 

EK, TBK. 

FMT. 

NOR. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



193 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i-- Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC--Continued 

«Sequestering agents: 

CDiethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, monosodium 
hydrogen ferric salt. 

(Diethylenetrinitrilo)pentaacetic acid, sodium salt 

N,N-Dihydroxyethylglycine, sodium salt 

*(EthylenedlnitrlIo)tetraacetio acid (Ethylenediamine- 
tetraaoetic acid). 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, dihydrogen disodium 
salt. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetic acid, dipotassium salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium calcium 

salt. 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium copper salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, disodium zinc salt, 
dihydrate. 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraaoetic acid, manganese salt 

(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monohydrogen 
trisodium salt. 
»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, monosodium iron salt- 
(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrapotassium salt-- 

»(Ethylenedinitrilo)tetraacetic acid, tetrasodium salt 

Glucoheptonic acid, sodium salt 

Hexahydroxyheptanoic acid, sodium salt 

(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triaoetio acid 

*(N-Hydroxyethylethylenedinitrilo)triacetio acid, trisodium 
salt. 

Nitrilotriacetic acid, tripotassium salt 

Sodium salts of sugar acids 

All other 

Silicones 

Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate 

Sodium ethyl oxalacetate 

Sodium formaldehydebisulfite 

»Sodium formaldehydesulfoxylate 

»Sodium methoxide (Sodium methylate) 

Sodium polypeotate 

Sodium sorbitol borate 

Sorbic acid (2,4-Hexadienoic acid), and potassium and 
sodium salts. 

Sorbitol 

Sorbitol, tri(polyoxypropylene) ether 

Soybean oil acyl chloride salt of sodium lysalbinate 

Stearamide (Ootadecane amide) 

»Stearic acid salts: 
^Aluminum stearates : 

Aluminum monostearate 

^Aluminum distearate 

Aluminum tristearate 

*Ammonium s tear ate 

•Barium stearate 

Cadmium stearate 

*Calcium stearate 

Cobalt stearate 

Ferric stearate 



RFC. 
GGY. 

DOW, 
DOW, 
DOW, 



GGY, HMP. 
GGY, HMP. 
G, GGY, GLY, HMP, RFC, VIC. 



DOW, EK, GGY, HMP, RFC. 

EK. 
DOW. 



GGY. 
GGY. 

GGY, 
GGY, 

DOW, 
GGY. 
ACY, 
WIG. 
PCW. 
GGY. 
DOW, 

GGY. 

PEN. 

RFC. 

DCC, 

EK. 

FMP. 

ACG, 

NOP, 

HSH, 

SKG. 

APD. 

UCC. 

APD, 
UCC. 
LMI. 
ADM, 



RFC. 
HMP, RFC. 

GGY, GLY, HMP, MDA, RFC. 

DOW, G, GGY, GLY, HMP, HRT, M3A, NOP, RFC, TCC. 

GGY, HMP, MOA, RFC, TCC. 
EK, ORO, SFD. 



EK. 

RH, ROY. 

KF, OMC, RBC, X. 



MRK. 



DUP, FIN, HHD. 



LEF, MAL, NOP, SYP. 

ACY, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, FRF, SYP, WTC. 

ACY, HNX, LEF, MAL, NOP, FRF, SYP, WTC. 

DEX, FRR, LEF, NOP, WTC. 

LEF, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

NOP, WTC. 

ACY, CCW, HNX, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, FRF, SYP, WTC. 

WTC. 

WTC. 



194 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 22B. — Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 

manufacturer, i96i-- Continued 



Chemical 



Manufacturers' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



MISCELLAJffiOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC— Continued 

♦Stearic acid salts — Continued 

»Lead stearate 

Lead stearate, dibasic 

Lithium hydroxystearate 

*Lithiijm stearate 

•!<Magnesium stearate 

Nickel stearate 

*Zinc stearate 

All other 

Stearonltrile (Octadeoauenltrile) 

Stearoyl chloride 

Succinic acid 

Succinic acid, sodium salt 

Succinic anhydride 

Succinlmide 

Succinonitrile 

Suocinyl peroxide 

Sucrose octa-aoetate 

»Tallow amide, hydrogenated 

Tallow fatty acyl chloride 

Tallow nitrile 

Tartaric acid salts, nonmedicinal 

1,1,3,3-Tetraethoxypropane 

Tetra-2-ethylbutyl 2-ethylhexyl ortho-silicate 

Tetraethylene glycol 

Tetraethylene glycol dimethacrylate 

Tetraethyllead 

Tetraethyl orthosilicate 

Tetrafattytetramide of triethylenetetramine 

Tetrahydroxysuccinic acid (Dioxytartaric acid) 

Tetr akis ( hydroxymethyl ) phosphonium chloride 

N,N,N ',N'-Tetrald.s(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylenediamine--- 

Tetramethyl(and ethyl) lead 

Tetramethylguanidine 

Tetramethyllead 

Tetraoctyl orthosilicate 

2,'i,8,10-Tetraoxaspiro-5,5-uiidecane 

Tetrapropenyl succinic acid 

Thioacetamide 

2,2'-Thiodiethanol (Thlodiethylene glycol) 

Thiodipropionic acid 

3,3'-Thiodipropionitrile 

Titanic acid esters 

Triallyl cyanurate 

Tributyltin chloride 

Trichloroacetyl chloride 

Trichloroethylsilane (Ethyl silicone trichloride) 

Trichloromethylsilane 

Trichloro-octadecylsilane 

Triohloropentylsilane 

Trichlorovinylsilane 



HSH, LEF, NOP, NTL, WTC. 

NOP, NTL, WTC. 

WTC. 

FTE, LEF, NOP, PRP, SYP, WTC. 

ACY, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PRP, SYP, OTC. 

WTC. 

ACY, CCW, HNX, HSH, JTC, LEF, MAL, NOP, PLS, PRP, 

SYP, WTC. 
APD. 
GNM. 
G, WTC. 
ARA, CS, NAC. 
MAL. 
NAC. 

ARA, NAC. 
ACY. 
WTL. 
UCC. 

ADM, ARC, HND. 
G. 

FOR, GNM. 
PFZ. 
KF. 
UCC. 

DOW, JCC, UCC. 
SAR. 

DUP, HCH, TNA. 
UCC. 
DCH. 
ACY. 
HK. 

M3N, WYN. 
DUP. 
ACY. 

DUP, HCH, TNA. 
MON. 
EK. 

X. 

EK. 

UCC. 

EVN. 

ACY, HAB. 

DUP. 

ACY. 

X. 

EK. 

UCS. 

DCC. 

DCC. 

UCS. 

DCC, UCS. 



MISCELLANEOUS SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS 



195 



TABLE 22B. 



-Miscellaneous chemicals for which U.S. production or sales were reported, identified by 
manufacturer, i96i-- Continued 



Chemical 



MISCELLANEOUS CHEMICALS, ACYCLIC - -Continued 

Trlethoxyethylsilane 

Triethoxyvlnylsilane 

Triethyl aoetylcitrate 

Triethylaluminum 

Trlethyltoron 

«Triethylene glycol 

Triethylene glycol dlmethacrylate 

Triethylene glycol siilfate 

Triethyl orthoacetate 

Triethyl orthoformate 

Triethyl orthoproplonate 

Trlfluoroacetic anhydride 

Trlisobutylaluminum 

Trimethoxyboroxine 

Trlmethylaluminum 

2,6,S-Trlinethyl-4-nonanone 

Trimethyl orthoacetate 

Trimethyl orthoformate 

2,2,4--Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol 

2,2,'i-Trimethyl-l,3-pentanediol monoisobutyrate 

Trimethylpentenyl isobutyrate 

Tri-n-ootylphosphine oxide 

l,2,6-Tri(polypropoxypropyl)hexane 

Tripropylene glycol 

2-Undecanone 

Undecenoic acid (Undecylenio acid) 

»Urea in compounds or mixtures, 100/6: 

»In feed compounds 

»In liquid fertilizer 

»In solid fertilizer 

In plastics 

All other 

Urea peroxide 

Urea-urethane copolymer 

Valeraldehyde 

Valeric acid 

«Vinyl acetate, monomer 

»Zlno formaldehydesulfoxylate 



Manufacturers ' identification codes 
(according to list in table 23) 



UCS. 

ucs. 

JCC, 

TNA. 

TNA. 

ACN, 

SAR. 

PCS. 

KF. 

KF. 

KF. 

EK. 

TNA. 

CAL. 

TNA. 

UCC. 

EK. 

KF. 

EKX. 

EKX. 

EKX. 

EK. 

UCC. 

DOW, 

TBK. 

BAC. 



PFZ. 



CAU, DOW, G, OMC, UCC. 



UCC. 



ACN, DUP, GCC, JDC, MDN, MSC, SNO, SOH. 

ACN, CFA, DUP, GCC, HPC, JDC, M3N, MSC, SNI, SNO, 

SOH, SPN. 
ACN, DUP, GCC, HPC, JDC, M3N, MSC, SHC, SNO, SOH, 

SPN. 
DUP, k)N. 

ACN, DUP, HPC, MON, MSC, SNO, SOH. 
FMB. 
DUP. 
UCC. 
UCC. 

AIR, CEL, DUP, PCA, UCC. 
NOP, RH, ROY. 



196 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Directory of Manufacturers 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the companies that report their production of synthetic 
organic chemicals to the U.S. Tariff Commission. The name of each manufacturer is preceded 
by an alphabetical identification symbol. These identification symbols consist of not more than 
three capital letters, and usually bear a relation to the company name. In most instances the as- 
signed symbols were approved by the companies they identify. 

For 1961, the Directory of Manufacturers lists 722 primary manufacturers (see table 23). 
Some of the companies that report production of synthetic organic chemicals do not sell the 
materials, but consume their entire output in further nnanufacturing. 

The Directory of Manufacturers lists the reporting companies in two ways: Section 1 lists 
them in alphabetical order by identification symbols. Section 2 lists the reporting companies in 
alphabetical order by company name, and gives the corresponding identification symbol and the 
company address. 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1961 

SECTION 1. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY CODE 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manuTacturers that reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commisaion 
for 1961 are listed below in the order of their identification codes as used in tables in pt. III. Sec. 2 of this 
table lists these manufacturers alphabetically and gives their office address] 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


AAC 


Alcolac Chemical Corp. 


ARX 


Armstrong Cork Co. 




AAE 


American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc. 


ARO 


Martin-Marietta Co. , Arco Co. Div. 




ABB 


Abbott Laboratories 


ARP 


Armour & Co. , Aimour Pharmaceutical Co. Div. 




ABR 


Andrew Brovm Co. 


ASH 


Ashland Oil & Refining Co. 




ABS 


American Braie Shoe Co. , American Brakeblok Dlv. 


ASL 


Ansul Chemical Co. 




ACB 


Allied Chemical Corp., Barrett Div. 


AST 


Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc. 




ACC 


Amoco Chemicals Corp. 


ASY 


American Synthetic Rubber Corp. 




ACG 


Allied Chemical Corp., General Chemical Div. 


ATL 


Atlantic Chemical Corp. , and Ifecromol Dlv. 




ACN 


Allied Chemical Corp., Nitrogen Div. 


ATR 


Atlantic Refining Co. 




ACO 


Acralite Co., Inc., Acco Polymers Div. 


ATU 


Atlantic Tubing & Rubber Co. 




ACP 


Allied Chemical Corp., Plastics Div. 


AUG 


Aug\ista Chemical Co. 




ACR 


Acme Resin Corp. 


AV 


American Viscose Corp. 




ACS 


Allied Chemical Corp. , Solvay Process Div. 


AVS 


AviSun Corp. 




ACT 


Arthur C. Trask Co. 








ACY 


American Qyanamid Co. 


BAC 


Baker Castor Oil Co. 




ADC 


Ad- Co Color Corp. 


BAL 


Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp. 




ADM 


Archer-Daniels-Mdland Co. 


BAT 


Bates Chemical Co. 




AHC 


Arnold, Hofftnan & Co., Inc. 


BAX 


Baxter Laboratories, Inc., .Vallerstein Co. Div. 




AIR 


Air Reduction Co., Inc., Air Reduction Chemical 


BC 


Barlow Chemical Corp. 






& Carbide Co. Div. 


BCI 


Belding Chemical Industries 




AKL 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Aliydol Laboratories 


BCN 


Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc. 






Div. 


BEA 


Beacon Chemical Industries, Inc. 




ALB 


Ames Laboratories, Inc. 


BEN 


Bennett's 




ALL 


Alliance Color & Chemical Co. 


BFG 


B. F. Goodrich Co. , B. F. Goodrich Chemical Co. 


Div. 


ALT 


Crompton & Khowles Corp., Althouse Chemical Co. 


BGC 


Balfour, Guthrie & Co., Ltd., Chemical Div. 






Div. 


BIS 


Bios Laboratories, Inc. ^ 




ALX 


Alox Corp. 


BKC 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co. 




Am 


American Bio-Synthetics Corp. 


BKL 


Berkeley Chemical Corp. 




AMD 


Amchem Products, Inc. 


BKM 


Buckman Laboratories, Inc. 




AME 


American Chemical Corp. 


BKS 


Berkshire Color & Chemical Co. 




AMF 


Martin-Marietta Co. , Ferbert-Sohorndorfer Co. 


BKT 


J. T. Baker Chemical Co., Taylor Chemical Div. 






Div. 


BL 


Belle Chemical Co., Inc. 




AMK 


American Alkyd Industries 


BLN 


Brooklyn Color Works, Inc. 




AML 


Amalgamated Chemical Corp. 


BLS 


Stanley Blackman Laboratories, Inc. 




AMD 


American Oil Co. (Texas) 


BME 


Bendix Corp., Marshall- Eclipse Div. 




AMP 


American Potash & Chemical Corp. 


BOR 


Borden Chemical Co. 




AMR 


tfartin-Marietta Co., Adhesive, Resin & Chemical 


BOY 


Walter N. Boysen Co. 






Div. 


BPC 


Benzol Products Co. 




AMS 


Martin-Marietta Co., Ridgway Color & Chemical 


BPL 


Brand Plastics Co. 






Co. Div. 


BRR 


Broivn Co., Resi-Chem Div. 




AMZ 


American Maize Products Co. 


BRS 


Bristol-Meyers Co. , Bristol Laboratories Div. 




APC 


;^pleton Coated Paper Co. 


BRU 


M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc. 




APD 


Atlas Chemical Industries, Inc. 


BRY 


Bryant Chemical Corp. 




APR 


Atlas Processing Co. 


BSC 


Burkart-Schier Chemical Co. 




APV 


Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc. 


BSW 


Original Bradford Soap Works, Inc. 




APX 


;^ex Chemical Co., Inc. 


BUC 


Blackman- Uhler Chemical Co. 




ARA 


Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc. 


BUK 


Buckeye Cellulose Corp. 




ARC 


Armour & Co. , Armour Industrial Chemical Co. Div. 


BUR 


Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc. 




ARG 


Argua Chemical Corp. 


BZ 


Bzura Chemical Co., Inc. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



197 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of company 


CAD 


Cadet Chendcal Corp. 


DA 


Diamond Alkali Co., and Western Div. 




CAL 


Callery Chemical Go. 


DAN 


Dan River Mills, Inc. 




CAP 


Capital Plastics, Inc. 


DAY 


Consolidated Chem. & Coatings Co., H.B. Davis 


Co. 


CAT 


Catalin Corp. of America 




Div. 




CAU 


Calcasieu Chemical Corp. 


DCC 


Dow Coming Corp. 




CBA 


Ciba Corp. , Giba Products Co. Edv. 


DGH 


Dearborn Chemical Co. 




CBC 


Coos Bay Timber Go. 


DCI 


Delaware Chemicals, Inc. 




CBP 


Giba Corp., Glba Pharmaceutical Go. Div. 


DEC 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc., Deecy Products Co. 


Div. 


CBT 


Samuel Cabot, Inc. 


DEP 


DePaul Chemical Co., Inc. 




CBY 


Crosby Chemicals, Inc. 


DEX 


Dexter Chemical Corp. 




CC 


Collway Colors, Inc. 


DOS 


Douglas Chemical Corp. 




CCA 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc., Advance Solvents 


DLH 


Delhi-Taylor Oil Corp. 






& Chemical Div. 


DLI 


Dawe ' s Laboratories , Inc . 




CCC 


Chase Chemical Corp. 


DLM 


Delmar Chemical Co., Inc. 




CCH 


Pearsall Chemical Go. 


DLT 


Delta Chemical Works, Inc. 




CCL 


Charlotte Chemical laboratories 


DOD 


Donald A. Dodd 




ceo 


Ghemico, Inc. 


DOM 


Dominion Products, Inc. 




CCP 


Crown Central Petroleum Corp. 


DOW 


Dow Chemical Co. 




CCW 


Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc. 


DPP 


Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc. 




CD 


Continental- Diamond Fibre Corp. 


DRG 


Drug Processors, Inc. 




CDF 


Concord-Danan Co. 


DRW 


Drew Chemical Corp. 




CEL 


Celanese Corp. of America: 


DSC 


Dye Specialties, Inc. 






Celanese Chemical Co. Div. 


DSO 


DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Inc. 






Celanese Polymer Go. Div. 


DUN 


Frank W. Dunne Co. 




CFA 


Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 


DUP 


E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc. 




CFC 


Rexall Chemical Co. - Kearny 


DVC 


Dover Chemical Co. 




CFX 


Chemfax, Inc. 


DXS 


Sunray DX Oil Co. 




CHC 


Chipman Chemical Co., Inc. 




' 




CHG 


Chemagro, Corp. 


EAK 


J. S. & W. R. Fflkins, Inc. 




CHO 


Stauffer Chemical Co., CalMo Chemicals 


EDC 


Edcan Laboratories 






Div. 


EDY 


Eddys tone l&nufacturing Co. 




CHP 


Chemical Products Corp. (New Jersey) 


EFH 


E. F. Houghton & Co. 




CI 


Colloids, Inc. 


EK 


Eastman Kodak Co. 




CIK 


California Ink Co. , Inc. 


EKT 


Eastman Kodak Co., Tennessee Eastman Go. Div. 




CIS 


Chemical Insecticide Corp. 


EKX 


Eastman Kodak Co., Texas Eastman Co. Div. 




CKL 


Chemlek laboratories. Inc. 


ELP 


El Paso Natural Gas Products Co. 




CLN 


Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Corn Processing 


EMK 


Emkay Chemical Co. 






Co. Div. 


EMR 


Qnery Industries, Inc. 




CLV 


Clover Chemical Go. 


EN 


Endo Laboratories, Inc. 




CLY 


W. A. Cleary Corp. 


ENJ 


Enjay Chemical Co. 




CM 


Caipenter-Morton Go. 


EPC 


Epoxylite Corp. 




CM3 


Chemical Ifenufacturing Co., Inc. 


ERD 


Erdmann Chemical Co., Inc. 




CO 


Continental Oil Co. 


ESC 


Escambia Chemical Corp. 




COK 


Cockerille Chemicals, Inc. 


ETD 


Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co. 




COM 


Commercial Solvents Corp. 


EVM 


Everledge Manufacturing, Inc. 




CON 


Concord Chemical Co., Inc. 


EVN 


Evans Chemetics, Inc. 




COP 


Coopers Creek Chemical Corp. 


EW 


Westinghouse Electric Corp. 




COR 


Commercial Resins Corp. 








COS 


Coastwise Petroleum Co. 


FAR 


Famow, Inc . 




CP 


Colgate-Palmolive Co. 


FB 


Fritzsche Bros., Inc. 




CPC 


Childs Pulp Colors, Inc. 


FBC 


Fiber Chemical Corp. 




CPD 


Chemical Products Corp. (Georgia) 


FBR 


Fibreboard Paper Products Corp. 




GPL 


Reliance Varnish Co., Coast Paint & 


FGD 


France, Campbell & Darling, Inc. 






lacquer Go. Div. 


FGL 


Federal Color Laboratories, Inc. 




CPT 


Consolidated Paint Go. 


FCP 


J. P. Frank Chemical & Plastic Corp. 




CPV 


Cook Paint &. Varnish Co. 


FEL 


Felton Chemical Co., Inc. 




CPY 


Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp. 


FER 


Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div. 




CHC 


Crown Chemical Corp. 


FG 


Foster-Grant Co., Inc. 




CRN 


Com Products Go. 


FH 


Foster-Heaton Go. 




CRS 


Garus Chemical Co., Inc. 


FI 


Fiberfil, Inc. 




CRT 


Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc. 


FIN 


Fine Organics, Inc. 




CHlf 


Gary Chemicals, Inc. 


FIR 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. , Firestone Plasti 


OB Co. 


CRZ 


Crown Zellerbach Corp. , Chemical Products M.v. 




Div. 




CS 


Chemstrand Corp. 


FLA 


Florida Chemical Co., Inc. 




CSD 


Cosden Petroleum Corp. 


FLH 


H. B. Fuller Co. 




CST 


Charles S. Tanner Co. 


FLO 


Florasynth Laboratories, Inc. 




CTL 


Continental Chemical Co. 


FLW 


W. P. Fuller & Co. 




cue 


Cumberland Chemical Corp. 


FMB 


FMC Corp. , Beoco Chemical Div. 




CUT 


Gutter Laboratories, Inc. 


FMF 


Schuylkill Chemical Go. 




CW 


Collett-Week Corp. 


FMN 


FMC Corp. , Niagara Chemical Div. 




CWL 


Cowles Chemical Go. 


FMP 


FMC Corp. , Chemicals & Plastics Div. 




CWN 


Carwin Co. 


FMT 


Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc. 




CWP 


Consolidated Water Power & Paper Co. 


FMW 


FMC Corp., Chemical Div. 





198 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Code 


Name of oonpany 


Code 


Name of company 


FOM 


Formica Corp. 


HMP 


Hampshire Chemical Corp. 




FOR 


Foremost Food & Chemical Co. 


HMY 


Humphrey- Wilkinson, Inc. 




FRE 


Freeman Qiemioal Corp. 


HN 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp. 




FRM 


Farmers ' Cheniical Co. 


HNC 


H & N Chemical Co. 




FRO 


Vulcan Materials Co., Frontier Chemical Co. 
Div. 


HND 


National Dairy Products Corp., Hmnko Products 
Chemical Div. 




FRP 


Filtered Rosin Products Co. 


HNW 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp. , Newport Industries 


FRR 


Estate of W. U. Farrington 




Div. 




FRS 


Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Firestone Syn- 


HNX 


Heyden Newport Chemical Corp., Nuodex Products 


Div. 




thetic Rubber & Latex Co. Div. 


HOF 


Hoffmann-LaRoche, Inc. 




FSH 


Frisch & Co., Inc. 


HOU 


Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., Houdry Process 


Corp., 


FTE 


Foote Mineral Co. 


HPC 


Div. 
Hercules Powder Co. 




G 


General Aniline & Film Corp. 


HRS 


Harris Standard Paint Co. 




GAM 


Gamma Chemical Corp. 


HRT 


Hart Products Corp. 




GAN 


GEine's Chemical Works, Inc. 


HSH 


Harshaw Chemical Co. 




GCC 


W. R. Grace & Co. , Nitrogen Products Div. 


HST 


Hoechst Chemical Corp. 




GDL 


Gordon-Laoey Chemical Products Co., Inc. 


HUC 


Hukill Chemical Corp. 




GDN 


Gordon Chemicals, Inc. 


HUS 


Husky Oil Co. 




GE 


General Electric Co., Chemical Materials Dept. 


HVG 


Haveg Industries, Inc., Resin & Compound Div. 




GEI 


General Electric Co., Insulating Materials 


HYC 


Hysol Corp. 






Dept. 


HYN 


HS/nson, Westoott & Dunning, Inc. 




GFS 


G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co. 








GGC 


Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Inc. 


ICC 


Interchemlcal Corp., Color & Chemicals Div. 




GGY 


Geigy Chemical Corp. 


ICF 


Interchemlcal Corp., Finishes Div. 




GIL 


Oilman Paint & Varnish Co. 


ICO 


Interchemlcal Corp., Organic Chemicals Dept. 




GIV 


Givaudan Corp. 


IDC 


Industrial Qyestuff Co. 




GLC 


Great Lakes Chemical Corp. 


IFF 


International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc. 




GLD 


Glldden Co. 


ILC 


International Latex Corp. 




GLX 


Glasflex, Inc. 


IMC 


International Minerals & Chemical Corp. 




GLY 


Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc., Glyoo Chemicals 


IMP 


Hercules Powder Co. , Imperial Color & Chemical 


Dept. 




Div. 


INI 


Intermediates, Inc. 




GNF 


General Foods Corp. , Maxwell House Div. 


INL 


Inland Steel Container Co. 




GNM 


General Mills, Inc. 


INM 


Industrial Marine Chemical Co. 




GUT 


General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div. 


INP 


International Paper Co. 




GNX 


General Latex & Chemical Corp. 


IOC 


Pfaudler Perrautlt, Inc., lonac Chemical Co. Div. 


GOC 


Gulf Oil Corp. 


IPI 


Isocyanate Products, Inc. 




GOR 


Gordon Chemical Co., Inc. 


IPR 


Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc. 




GPM 


General Plastics Manufacturing Co. 


IRC 


International Resistance Co. 




GPR 


Grain Processing Corp. 


IRI 


Ironsides Co. 




GRA 


Great American Plastics Co. 


ISO 


iBochem Resins Co. 




GRD 


W. R. Grace & Co., Dewey & Almy Chemical Div. 


ITX 


Intex Chemical Corp- 




GRG 


P. D. George Co. 








GRH 


W. R. Grace & Co. , Hatco Chemical Div. 


JAM 


Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co. 




GRP 


W. R. Grace & Co., Polymer Chemicals Div. 


JCC 


Jefferson Chemical Co. , Inc. 




GRS 


Great Southern Chemical Corp. 


JDC 


John Deere Chemical Co. 




GRV 


Grand Rapids Varnish Corp. 


JEN 


Jennis on- Wright Corp. 




GRW 


Great Western Sugar Co. 


JMS 


J. Meyer & Sons, Inc. 




GTH 


Guth Chemical Co. 


JNS 


S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. 




GTS 


Greenwood Textile Supply Co. 


JOB 


Jones-Blair Paint Co. 




GUA 


Guard Chemical Co., Inc. 


JOD 


Jones-Dabney Co. 




GYR 


Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. 


JOR 
JRG 


W, H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
Andrew Jergens Co. 




HAB 


Halby Products Co., Inc. 


JSC 


Jersey State Chemical Co. 




HAL 


C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois 


JTC 


Joseph Turner & Co. 




HAM 


Hampden Color & Chemical Co. 


JWL 


Jewel Paint & Varnish Co. 




HAN 


Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc. 








HAP 


Hexcel Products, Inc., Applied Plastics Div. 


KAL 


Kail Manufacturing Co. 




HAH 


Allied Chemical Corp., National Aniline Div., 


KCC 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Chlno Mines Div. 






Harmon Color Works 


KCH 


Keystone Chemurglc Corp. 




HOC 


Holland Color & Chemical Co. 


KCU 


Kennecott Copper Corp., Utah Copper Div. 




HCH 


Houston Chemical Corp. 


KCW 


Keystone Color Works, Inc. 




HDG 


Hodag Chemical Corp. 


KEL 


Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp. 




HER 


Heresite & Chemical Co. 


KEN 


Kendall Refining Co. 




HET 


Heterochemical Corp. 


KE3 


Kessler Chemical Co., Inc. 




HEX 


Hexagon Laboratories, Inc. 


KF 


Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc. 




HFT 


Hoffman- Taff, Inc. 


KK 


K & K Laboratories, Inc. 




HK 


Hooker Chemical Corp. 


KLK 


Kolker Chemical Corp. 




HKD 


Hooker Chemical Corp., Durez Plastics Div. 


KLS 


Kllsdonk Chemical Corp. 




HKP 


Hooker Chemical Corp. , Phosphorus Div. 


KND 


Knoedler Chemical Co. 




HLC 


Hartman-Leddon Co. 


KNG 


0. L. King & Co. 




HLI 


Haag Laboratories, Inc. 


KNP 


Knapp Products, Inc. 




HLN 


Helene Curtis Industries, Inc. 


KON 


H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc. 





DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



199 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of' company 


KPC 


Koppers Co., Inc., Chemicals & Eyestuffs Dlv. 


MTL 


Metalsalts Corp. 


KPI 


Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc. 


MTO 


Montrose Chemical Corp. of California 


KPP 


Koppers Co., Inc., Plastics Dlv. 


MTR 


Baldwin-Montrose Chemical Co., Inc., Montrose 


KPT 


Koppers Co., Inc., Tar Products Div. 




Chemical Div. 


KPV 


Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp. 


MYW 


Stepan Chemical Co. , Maywood Chemical Works Div. 


KRM 


Lawter Chemicals, Inc., Krumbhaar Resin Div. 






EfN 


i^anize Paints, Inc. 


NAC 


Allied Chemical Corp., National Aniline Div. 


lOfS 


Keysor Chemical Co. 


NCI 


Nelio Chemicals, Inc. 






NEO 


Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc. 


LAM 


LaMDtte Chemical Products Co. 


NEP 


Nepera Chemical Co. Inc. 


LCA 


Lithium Corp. of America, Inc. 


NES 


Nease Chemical Co., Inc. 


LEA 


Leatex Chemical Co. 


NEV 


Neville Chemical Co. 


LEB 


Lebanon Chemical Corp. 


NIL 


Nilok Chemicals, Inc. 


LEF 


LeffingweU Chemical Co. 


NON 


A. P. Nonweiler Co. 


LEH 


Lehigh Chemical Co. 


NOP 


Nopco Chemical Co., Inc. 


Laj 


B. L. T<»mlfe & Co., Inc. 


NOR 


Norwich Pharmacal Co. 


LEN 


Leonard Refineries, Inc. 


NPI 


National Polychemicals , Inc. 


LEV 


Lever Brothers Co. 


NPP 


National Plastic Products Co., Inc. 


LIL 


EU Ull^r & Co. 


NSC 


National Starch & Chemical Coip. 


LKL 


Lakeside Laboratories, Inc. 


NSP 


Alabama Binder & Chemical Corp. 


LKT 


St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States Yeast & 


NTB 


National Biochemical Co. 




Chemical Div. 


NTC 


National Casein Co. 


LMI 


Lawrence Mills, Inc. 


NTL 


National Lead Co. 


LON 


Martin- J&rietta Corp., Charles R, Long, Jr. 


NVF 


National Vulcanized Fibre Co. 




Co. Div. 


NW 


Northwestern Chemical Co. 


LPC 


Lignin Products Co. 


NYC 


American Eyewood Co., Inc., New York Color & 


LUB 


lAibrizol Corp. 




Chemical Co., Div. 


LUE 


George Lueders & Co. 






LUR 


Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co. 


OCF 


Owens-Coming Fiberglas Corp. 


LVR 


C. Lever Co., Inc. 


OH 


Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co. 


LVY 


Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc. 


OLC 


Old Colony Tar Co., Inc. 






OLH 


Old Hickory Chemical Co. 


MAH 


J&her Color & Chemical Co. 


0MB 


Olln Mathleson Chemical Corp., Blockson Chemical Co. 


MAK 


MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc. 




Div. 


MAL 


Malllnckrodt Chemical Works 


OMC 


Olln Mathleson Chemical Corp. 


MAR 


American Can Co., Jfarathon Div. 


OMS 


Olln Mathleson Chemical Corp., E. R. Squibb & Sons 


MAY 


Otto B. May, Inc. 




Div. 


MCA 


Masonite Corp., Alpine Chemical Div. 


ONX 


Onyx Chemical Coip. 


MCB 


Borg-Wamer Corp. , Marbon Chemical Div. 


OPC 


Orbis Products Corp. 


MCC 


McCloskey Varnish Co. 


ORG 


Organlcs, Inc. 


MCH 


Michigan Chemical Corp. 


ORO 


California Chemical Co., Oronlte Div. 


MCW 


M;Whorter Chemicals, Inc. 


CRT 


Ortho Chemical Corp. 


MDP 


Maryland Plastics, Inc. 


OSB 


C. J. Osbom Co. 


MED 


Medical Chemical Corp. 


OTA 


Ottawa Chemical Co. 


MEE 


Maumee Chemical Co. 


OTC 


Ott Chemical Co. 


MER 


Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Jfcrlchem Co. Div. 


OTH 


California Chemical Co., Ortho Dlv. 


MET 


Metal Sc Thermit Corp. 


OTT 


Ottol Oil Co. 


MFC 


MDlded Fiber Glass Body Co., Resin Div. 


OXY 


Oxy Chemical Co. 


M5R 


Magruder Color Co., Inc. 






MHI 


Metal }fydrides. Inc. 


PAI 


Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp. 


MID 


Midland Industrial Finishes Co. 


PAN 


Pan American Petroleum Corp. 


MIR 


Mlranol Chemical Co., Inc. 


PAR 


Pennsylvania Refining Co. 


MLD 


Metalead Products Corp. 


PAS 


Pennsalt Chemicals Corp. 


MLS 


Miles Laboratories, Inc. 


PAT 


Patent Chemicals, Inc. 


MMM 


Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. 


PBS 


Pabst Brevfing Co. 


MNP 


Minnesota Paints, Inc. 


PC 


Proctor Chemical Co., Inc. 


MOA 


ffona Industries, Inc. 


PCA 


Pacific Carbide & Alloys Co. 


MDB 


Mobay Chemical Co. 


PCC 


Pittsburgh Chemical Co. 


MDN 


Ifcnsanto Chemical Co. 


PCH 


Peerless Chemical Co. 


MDR 


Mineral Oil Refining Co. 


PCI 


Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc. 


MOT 


Motomco, Inc. 


PCC 


Peerless Color Co., Inc. 


MPL 


Massachusetts Plastic Corp. 


PCS 


Process Chemicals Co. 


MR 


Benjamin Maore & Co. 


PCW 


Pfister Chemical Works 


MRA 


Kfetro- Atlantic, Inc. 


PD 


Parke, Davis & Co. 


MRB 


Marblette Corp. 


PDC 


Poughkeepsie Eyestuff Corp. 


MRD 


Marden-Wild Corp. 


PEL 


Pelron Corp. 


MRK 


Msrck & Co., Inc. 


PEN 


S. B. Penick & Co. 


MRU 


Mamingstar Paisley, Inc. 


PER 


Perry & Derrick Co. 


MRT 


Morton Chemical Co. 


PET 


Petroleum Chemicals, Inc. 


MRV 


Marlowe-Van Loan Corp. 


PFN 


Pfanstiehl laboratories. Inc. 


MRW 


Morwear Paint Co. 


PFP 


Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co. 


MRX 


Max Marx Color & Chemical Co. 


PFZ 


Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc. 


MSC 


Mississippi Chemical Corp. 







200 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Code 


Name of oongiary 


Code 


Name of company 


PG 


Procter & Gamble Co. , Procter & Gamble Ifanu- 


SCP 


Standard Chemical Products, Inc. 




facturing Co. Div. 


SCR 


R. P. Scherer Corp. 


PGU 


Perkins Glue Co. 


SDC 


Martin-Marietta Co. , Southern Dyestuff Co. Div. 


PHR 


Pharmachem Corp. 


SDG 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Glenbrook Laboratories Div. 


PIC 


Pierce Chemical Co. 


SDH 


Sterling Drug, Inc. , Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div. 


PII 


Polymer Industries, Inc. 


SDW 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Winthrop Laboratories Div. 


PIL 


Pilot Chemical Co. of California 


SED 


Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co. 


PIT 


Pitt-Consol Chemical Co. 


SF 


Stauffer Chemical Co. 


PLA 


Plastics Corp. of America 


SFA 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Anderson Chemical Co. Div. 


PLC 


Phillips Chemical Co. 


SFC 


Stalil Finish Co. 


PLP 


Phillips Petroleum Co. 


SH 


Stein, Hall & Co., Inc. 


PLS 


Plastics Engineering Co. 


SHA 


Shanco Plastics & Chemicals, Inc. 


PLU 


plumb Chemical Corp. 


SHC 


Shell Oil Co., Shell Chemical Co. Div. 


PNT 


Pantasote Co. 


SHF 


National Dairy Products Corp. , Sheffield Chemical 


PNX 


Phoenix Oil Co. 




Co. Div. 


POL 


Polymer Corp. 


SHL 


Shulton, Inc. 


PPG 


Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 


SHO 


Shell Oil Co. 


PRD 


Productol Co. 


SHP 


Shepherd Chemical Co. 


PRO 


Pure Oil Co. 


SID 


George F. Siddall Co., Inc. 


PHP 


M. W. Parsons-Plymouth, Inc. 


SIM 


Simpson Timber Co. 


PRR 


L. Perrigo Co. 


SIN 


Sinclair Refining Co. 


PRT 


Pratt & Lambert, Inc. 


SIP 


James B. Sipe & Co. 


PRX 


Purex Corp., Ltd. 


SK 


Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 


PSP 


Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co. 


SKG 


Siinkist Growers, Inc. 


PTT 


Petro-Tex Chemical Corp. 


SLC 


Soluol Chemical Co., Inc. 


PUB 


Publioker Industries, Inc. 


SLV 


Sterling Drug, Inc., Salvo Chemical Div. 


PYL 


Polychemical Laboratories, Inc. 


SM 


Socony MDbil Oil Co., Inc., Mabil Oil Co. Div. 


PYH 


Poly Resins 


SNA 


Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. Div. of Sun Chemical Corp. 


PYZ 


Polyrez Co., Inc. 


SNC 


Sonoco Products Co. 






SNI 


Southern Nitrogen Co., Inc. 


QCP 


Quaker Chemical Products Corp. 


SNM 


J&nsum Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc. 


QKO 


Quaker Oats Co. 


SNO 


SunOlln Chemical Co. 






SNT 


Suntide Refining Co. 


RAB 


Raybestos-hfanhattan, Inc., Raybestos Div. 


SNW 


Sun Chemical Corp. , Warwick Chemical Co. Div. 


RBC 


Roberts Chemicals, Inc. 


SOC 


Standard Oil Co. of California, Western Operations, 


RCC 


Rexall Chemical Co. 




Inc. 


RCD 


Richardson Co. 


SOG 


Signal Oil & Gas Co. 


RCI 


Reichhold Chemicals, Inc. 


SOH 


Solar Nitrogen Chemicals, Inc., Sohlo Chemical Co., 


RDA 


Rhodia, Inc. 




Agent 


RED 


Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc. 


SOI 


American Oil Co. (Maryland) 


REH 


Reheis Co., Inc. 


SOL 


Solar Chemical Corp. 


REL 


Reliance Varnish Co. 


SON 


Sonnebom Chemical & Refining Corp. 


REM 


Remington Arms Co., Inc. 


SOR 


Southern Resin Glue Co. 


RET 


Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div. 


SOS 


Southern Sizing Co. 


REZ 


Rezolin, Inc. 


SPC 


Chemetron Corp., Specific Pharmaceuticals, Chemical 


RGC 


Rogers Corp. 




Products Div. 


RH 


Rohm & Haas Co. 


SPD 


General Electric Co., Silicone Products Dept. 


RIG 


Richfield Oil Corp. 


SPL 


Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc. 


RIK 


Riker Laboratories, Inc. 


SPN 


Spencer Chemical Co. 


RIL 


Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. 


SPP 


Socony Paint Products Co. 


RIV 


Riverdale Chemical Co. 


SRC 


Shawinigan Resins Corp. 


RMC 


Rinshed-Mason Co. 


SKL 


G. D. Searle & Co. 


HOC 


Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co. 


SRR 


Fred'k A. Stresen-Reuter, Inc. 


ROM 


Roma Chemical Corp. 


STA 


A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co. 


ROS 


Rosett Chemicals, Inc. 


STD 


Standard Dyestuff Corp. 


ROY 


Royce Chemical Co. 


STG 


Wm. J. Stange Co. 


RPC 


Refined Products Co. 


STH 


South Hampton Co. 


RSA 


R. S. A. Corp. 


STN 


Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc. 


RT 


F. Ritter & Co. 


STP 


Stepan Cheioical Co. 


RTC 


Ritter Chemical Co., Inc. 


STT 


Standard T Chemical Co., Inc. 


RUB 


Rubber Corp. of America 


sue 


Standard Ultramarine & Color Co. 


HUR 


Ruberoid Co. 


SUM 


Summit Chemical Products Corp. 






SUN 


Sun Oil Co. 


S 


Sandoz, Inc. 


SVC 


Sullivan Varnish Co. 


SAL 


Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 


SVT 


Solvent Chemical Co., Inc. 


SAR 


Sartomer Resins, Inc. 


SW 


Sherwin-Williams Co. 


SBR 


Schwartz Bioresearoh, Inc. 


SWC 


S & W Chemical Co., Inc. 


sec 


Standard Chlorine Chemical Co., Inc. 


SWT 


Swift & Co. 


SCF 


Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc. 


SYC 


Synthetic Chemicals, Inc. 


SCH 


Schering Corp. 


SYP 


i^thetic Products Co. 


SCI 


Stecker Chemicals, Inc. 


SYR 


^moo Resins, Inc. 


SCN 


Schenectady Chemicals, Inc. 


SYT 


Synthron, Inc. 


SCO 


Soholler Bros . , Inc . 


SYV 


Synvar Corp. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 



201 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Code 


Name of company 


Code 


Name of can^iany 


TAE 


Thomas A. Edison Industries, JfcGraw-Edlson Co. 


UTR 


Utah Resin Co., Inc. 




Dlv. 


UVC 


Universal Chemicals Corp. 


TAR 


Wltoo Chemloal Co., Inc., Tar Distilling Co., 








Inc. niv. 


VAL 


Valchem 


TJUC 


Taylor Fibre Co. 


VAR 


Reiohhold Chemicals, Inc., Varcum Chemloal Div. 


TBK 


Trubek Laboratories, Inc. 


VB 


Vermilye-Bell 


TCC 


Tanatex Chemical Corp. 


VC 


Virginia- CaroUnn Chemical- Corp. 


TCH 


Try Ion Chemical Corp. 


VEL 


Velsicol Chemical Corp. 


TDC 


Diversey Corp. 


VIC 


Stauffer Chemical Co., Victor Chemical Works Div. 


TGL 


Triangle Chemical Co. 


VIN 


Vineland Chemical Co. 


THC 


Thompson Chemloal Co. 


VIS 


Nalco Chemical Co., Visco Products Co. Div. 


TIC 


Tioonderoga Chemical Corp. 


VU 


Chem-Fleur, Inc. 


TKL 


Thiokol Chemical Corp. 


VHC 


Vanderbllt Chemical Corp. 


TMS 


Sterling Drug Inc., Thomasset Colors Div. 


VND 


Van Ejrk & Co., Inc. 


TN 


Tennessee Corp. 


VPC 


Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp. 


TNA 


Ethyl Corp. 


VPT 


Viokers Petroleum Co., Inc. 


TNP 


Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp. 


VSV 


Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Dlv. 


TOO 


Tenneco Oil Co. 


VTM 


Vitamins, Inc. 


TRC 


Toms River Chemical Corp. 


VTV 


Vita-Var Corp. 


TRJ 


Trojan Powder Co. 






TRO 


Troy Chemical Co. 


WAS 


T. F. Washburn Co. 


TXX 


Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. 


WAW 


W. A. Wood Co. 


TUS 


Texas-U.S. Chemical Co. 


WBG 


White & Bagley Co. 


TV 


Tousey Varnish Co. 


WCA 


West Coast Adhesives Co. 


TX 


Texaco, Inc. 


WDC 


Western Dry Color Co. 


TXB 


Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp. 


WEV 


Geo. D. Wetherill Varnish Co. 


TXC 


Tex Chemical Co. 


WHI 


White & Hodges, Inc. 






WHL 


Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc. 


UBS 


A.E. Staley Manufacturing Co., UBS Chemical 


WHW 


Whlttemore-Wright Co., Inc. 




Co. Dlv. 


WIC 


Wloa Co., Inc. 


UCC 


Union Carbide Corp., Union Carbide Chemicals 


WIL 


Wilson & Co., Inc., Wilson Laboratories Div. 




Co. Div. 


WJ 


Wamer-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co. 


UCP 


Union Carbide Corp., Union Carbide Plastics Co. 


WLM 


Wilmot Sc Cassidy, Inc. 




Div. 


WOI 


Western Organios, Inc. 


UCS 


Union Carbide Corp., Silicones Div. 


WON 


Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co. 


UDI 


Universal Detergents, Inc. & Petrochemicals Co. 


WPC 


Warren Paint & Color Co. 


UHL 


Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc. 


WRC 


Wood Ridge Chemical Corp. 


UNC 


United Cork Companies 


WRD 


Weyerhaeuser Co., Wood Products Div. 


UNO 


Ungerer & Co. 


WST 


Westville Chemical Corp. 


UOC 


Union Oil Co. of California 


WTC 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc. 


UPF 


United States Pipe & Foundry Co. 


WTH 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc., Harchem Div. 


UPJ 


Upjohn Co. 


WTL 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc., Luoidol Dlv. 


UPL 


United States Plywood Corp. 


WTM 


Wallace & Tieman, Inc. 


UPM 


Universal Oil Products Co. 


WTU 


Witco Chemical Co., Inc., Ultra Chemical Works, 


URC 


United Rubber & Chemical Co. 




Inc. Dlv. 


USB 


U.S. Borax Research Corp. 


WVA 


West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Polyohemloals Div. 


USI 


National Distillers & Ghemioal Corp., U.S. 


WIN 


Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 




Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 


WYT 


American Home Products Corp., l^eth Laboratories, 


USO 


U.S. Oil Co. 




Inc. Div. 


USP 


U.S. Plastic & Chemical Corp. 






USR 


U.S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical Div. 


YAW 


Young Aniline Works, Inc. 



658234 O - 62 - 14 



202 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 

SECTION 2. ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY BY COMPANY 

[Names of synthetic organic chemical manufacturers thai, reported production or sales to the U.S. Tariff Commission 
for 1961 are listed below alphabetically, together with their identification codes as used in tables in pt. III. 
Sec. 1 of this table lists these manufacturers in the order of their identification codes ] 



Name of company 



Office address 



Abbott Laboratories 

Acme Resin Corp 

Aoralite Co., Inc., Aoco Polymers Div- 

Ad-Co Color Corp 

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., Houdry 

Process Corp., Div. 
Air Reduction Co., Inc., Air Reduction 
Chemical & Carbide Co. Div. 

Alabama Binder & Chemical Corp 

Aloolao Chemical Corp 

Alliance Color & Chemical Co 

Allied Chemical Corp: 

Barrett Div 

General Chemical Div 

National Aniline Div 

Harmon Color Works 

Nitrogen Div 

Plastics Div 

Solvay Process Div 

Alox Corp 

Amalgamated Chemical Corp 

Amohem Products, Ino 

American Alkyd Industries 

American Aniline & Extract Co., Inc 

American Bio-Synthetics Corp 

American Brake Shoe Co., American 
Brakeblok Div. 

American Can Co., Marathon Div 

American Chemical Corp 

American Cyanamid Co 

American Dyewood Co., Inc., New York 

Color & Chemical Co. Div. 
American Home Products Corp., Wyeth 
Laboratories, Inc. Div. 

American Maize Products Co 

American Oil Co. (Maryland) 

American Oil Co. (Texas) 

American Potash & Chemical Corp 

American Synthetic Rubber Corp 

American Viscose Corp 

Ames Laboratories, Inc 

Amoco Chemicals Corp 

Ansbacher-Siegle Corp. Div. of Sun 
Chemical Corp. 

Ansul Chemical Co 

Apex Chemical Co., Inc 

i^pleton Coated Paper Co 

Arapahoe Chemicals, Inc 

Archer-Daniels-Midland Co 

Argus Chemical Corp 

Armour & Co: 

Armour Industrial Chemical Co. Div — 

Armour Pharmaceutical Co. Div 

Armstrong Cork Co 

Armstrong Paint & Varnish Works, Inc — 

Arnold, Hoffman & Co., Ino 

Ashland Oil & Refining Co 

Astra Pharmaceutical Products, Inc 

Atlantic Chemical Corp 

Macromol Div 

Atlantic Refining Co 

Atlantic Tubing & Rubber Co 

Atlas Chemical Industries, Ino 

Atlas Processing Co 

Augusta Chemical Co 

AviSun Corp 



14th St. and Sheridan Rd., N. Chicago, 111. 

1401 Circle Ave., Forest Park, 111. 

59 Kent St., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

1528 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 



150 E. ^d St., New York 17, N.Y., 

Cleveland 5, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 3179, Tuscaloosa, Ala. 
3440 Fairfield Rd., Baltimore 26, 
33 Avenue P, Newark 5, N.J. 



and 6626 Union Ave. 



Md. 



40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

40 Rector St., New York 6, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 271, Syracuse 1, N.Y. 

3943 Buffalo Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

Ontario and Rorer Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

Brookslde Ave., Ambler, Pa. 

Broad and 14th St., Carlstadt, N.J. 

Venango and F Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

710 W. National Ave., Milwaukee 4, Wis. 

P.O. Box 21, Birmingham, Mich. 

Menasha, Wis. 

2112 E. 223d St., Long Beach 10, Calif. 

BerdanAve., Wayne, N.J. 

374 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

P.O. Box 8299, Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

250 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

910 South Michigan Ave., Chicago 80, 111. 

P.O. Box 6110-A, Chicago 80, 111. 

3000 W. 6th St., Los Angeles 5, Calif. 

P.O. Box 360, Loiilsville 1, Ky. 

1617 Pennsylvania Blvd., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 

200 Rock Lane, Milford, Conn. 

130 E. Randolph Dr., Chicago 1, 111. 

92 Chestnut Ave,, Staten Island 5, N.Y. 

Marinette, Wis. 

200 S. 1st St., Elizabethport 1, N.J. 

825 E. Wisconsin Ave., Appleton, Wis. 

2855 Walnut St., Boulder, Colo. 

700 Investors Bldg., Minneapolis 40, Minn. 

633 Court St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

P.O. Box 511, Kankakee, 111. 

W. Liberty St., Lancaster, Pa. 

1330 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

55 Canal St., Providence 1, R.I. 

1401 Winchester Ave., Ashland, Ky. 

7 Neponset St., Worcester 6, Mass. 

153 Prospect St., Passaic, N.J. 

153 Prospect St., Passaic, N.J. 

260 S. Broad St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

Mill St., Cranston 5, R.I. 

New Murphy Rd. and Concord Pike, Wilmington 99, Del. 

P.O. Box 1786, 3546 Midway St., Shreveport, La. 

P.O. Box 660, Augusta, Ga. 

1345 Chestnut St., Philadelphia 7, Pa. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic (organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



203 



Name of company 



Office address 



Baker Castor Oil Co 

J. T. Baker Chemical Co 

Taylor Div 

Baldwin-Montrose Chemical Co., Inc., 

Montrose Chemical Div. 
Balfour, Guthrie & Co., Ltd., Chemical 
Div. 

Baltimore Paint & Chemical Corp 

Barlow Chemical Corp 

Bates Chemical Co 

Baxter Laboratories, Inc., Wallersteln 
Co. Div. 

Beacon Chemical Industries, Ino 

Beech-Nut Life Savers, Inc 

Belding Chemical Industries 

Belle Chemical Co., Inc 

Bendix Corp., Marshall-Eclipse Div 

Bennett 's 

Benzol Products Co 

Berkeley Chemical Corp 

Berkshire Color & Chemical Co 

Bios Laboratories, Inc 

Stanley Blackman Laboratories, Inc 

Blackman-Uhler Chemical Co 

Borden Chemical Co 

Borg-Wamer Corp., Marbon Chemical Dlv- 

Walter N. Boyseu Co 

Brand Plastics Co 

Bristol-Meyers Co., Bristol Labora- 
tories Div. 

Brooklyn Color Works, Inc 

Brown Co., Resl-Chem Div 

Andrew Brown Co 

M. A. Bruder & Sons, Inc 

Bryant Chemical Corp 

Buckeye Cellulose Corp 

Buckman Laboratories, Inc 

Burkart-Schier Chemical Co 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. (U.S.A.), Inc- 
Bzura Chemical Co., Inc 

Samuel Cabot, Inc 

Cadet Chemical Corp 

Calcasieu Chemical Corp 

California Chemical Co.: 

Oronite Div 

Ortho Div 

California Ink Co., Inc 

Callery Chemical Co 

Capital Plastics, Inc 

Carlisle Chemical Works, Inc 

Advance Solvents & Chemical Div 

Carpenter-Morton Co 

Carus Chemical Co., Inc 

Carwin Co 

Cary Chemicals, Ino 

Catalin Corp. of America 

Celanese Corp. of America: 

Celanese Chemical Co. Div 

Celanese Polymer Co. Div 

Charlotte Chemical Laboratories 

Chase Chemical Corp 

Chemagro Corp 

Chemetron Corp., Specific Pharmaceu- 
ticals, Chemical Product Div. 

Chemfax, Inc 

Chem-Fleur, Inc 

Chemical Insecticide Corp 

Chemical Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Chemical Products Corp. (Georgia) 

Chemical Products Corp. (New Jersey) -- 

Chemlco, Inc 

Chemlek Laboratories, Inc 



"iO Avenue A, Bayonne, N.J. 
600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N.J. 
600 N. Broad St., Phillipsburg, N.J. 
100 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

P.O. Box 1627, Tacoma 1, Wash. 

2325 Annapolis Ave., Baltimore 30, Md. 
Barlow Lane, Osslnlng, N.Y. 
Soottdale Rd., Lansdowne, Pa. 
Morton Grove, 111. 

33-51 ftlchdale Ave., Cambridge UQ, Mass. 

Canajoharie, N.Y. 

U07 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

534 Pearl St., Reading, Pa. 

P.O. Box 538, Troy, N.Y. 

65 W. 1st S. Salt Lake City 1, Utah. 

237 South St., Newark 14, N.J. 

11 Summit Ave., Berkeley Heights, N.J. 

12th and Bern St., Reading, Pa. 

17 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 

Wesley St., S. Hackensack, N.J. 

P.O. Box 1869, Spartanburg,. S.C. 

350 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 68, Washington, W. Va. 

1001 42d St., Oakland 8, Calif. 

8400 Willow Springs Rd., Willow Springs, 111. 

P.O. Box 657, Syracuse 1, N.Y. 

Morgan and Norman Aves., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

100 E. Broadway, Swanton, Ohio. 

5431 District Blvd., Los Angeles 22, Calif. 

52d St. and Grays Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 

6 North St., N. Qulncy 71, Mass. 

2899 Jackson Ave., Memphis 8, Tenn. 

1256 N. McLean, Memphis 8, Tenn. 

1228 Chestnut St., Chattanooga 2, Tenn. 

1 Scarsdale Rd., Tuckahoe 7, N.Y. 

Keyport, N.J. 

246 Summer St., Boston 10, Mass. 
2153 Lockport-Olcott Rd., Burt, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, La. 

200 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. 

Lucas and Ortho Way, Richmond, Calif. 

545 Sansome St., San Francisco 11, Calif. 

Callery, Pa. 

250 Mill St., Rochester 14, N.Y. 

West St., Reading 15, Ohio. 

500 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick, N.J. 

376 3d St., Everett 49, Mass. 

1375 8th St., LaSalle, 111. 

Stiles Lane, North Haven, Conn. 

P.O. Box 38, E. Brunswick, N.J. 

1 Park Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

522 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 

74A Broad St., Newark 2, N.J. 

4840 Old Pine vi lie Rd., Charlotte 1, N.C. 

3527 Smallman St., Pittsburgh 1, Pa. 

P.O. Box 4913, Station "F", Kansas City 20, Mo. 

386 Park Ave. S., New York 16, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 763, Gulfport, Miss. 

200 Pulaski St., Newark, N.J. 

30 Whitman Ave., Metuohen, N.J. 

Megonoto Rd., Ashland, Mass. 

P.O. Box 815, Cartersville, Ga. 

McBride and Lackawanna Ave., W. Paterson, N.J. 

2508 E. Bailey Rd., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

4040 W. 123d St., Alsip 58, 111. 



204 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1961— Contimied 



Name of company 



Office address 



Chemstrand Corp 

Childs Pulp Colors, Ino 

Chipman Chemical Co., Inc 

Ciba Corporation: 

Ciba Pharmaceutical Co. Div 

Ciba Products Co. Div 

W. A. Cleary Corp 

Clover Chemical Co 

Coastwise Petroleum Co 

Cockerille Chemicals, Inc 

Colgate-Palmolive Co 

Collett-Week Corp 

Colloids, Inc 

Collway Colors, Inc 

Commercial Resins Corp ^ 

Commercial Solvents Corp 

Concord Chemical Co., Inc 

Concord-Danan Co 

Consolidated Chemical & Coatings Co., 

H. B. Davis Co. Div. 

Consolidated Paint Co t — 

Consolidated Water Power & Paper Co 

Continental Chemical Co 

Continental-Diamond Fibre Corp 

Continental Oil Co 

Cook Paint & Varnish Co 

Cooperative Farm Chemicals Association 

Coopers Creek Chemical Corp 

Coos Bay Timber Co 

Copolymer Rubber & Chemical Corp 

Com Products Co 

Cosden Petroleum Corp 

Cowles Chemical Co 

Crompton & Knowles Corp., Althouse 

Chemical Co. Div. 

Crosby Chemicals, Inc 

Crown Central Petroleum Corp 

Crown Chemical Corp 

Crown Tar & Chemical Works, Inc 

Crown Zellerbaoh Corp., Chemical 

Products Div. 

Cumberland Chemical Corp 

Cutter Laboratories, Inc 

Dan River Mills, Inc 

Dawe's Laboratories, Inc 

Dearborn Chemical Co 

John Deere Chemical Co 

Delaware Chemicals, Ino 

Delhi-Taylor Oil Corp 

Delmar Chemical Co., Inc 

Delta Chemical Works, Inc 

DePaul Chemical Co., Inc 

DeSoto Chemical Coatings, Ino 

Detrex Chemical Industries, Ino 

Dexter Chemical Corp 

Diamond Alkali Co 

Western Div 

Diversey Corp 

Dixie Pine Products Co., Inc 

Donald A. Dodd 

Dominion Products, Inc 

Douglas Chemical Corp 

Dover Chemical Co 

Dow Chemical Co 

Dow Coming Corp 

Drew Chemical Coiy 

Drug Processors, Inc 

Frank W. Dunne Co 

E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Inc 

Dye Specialties, Inc 



350 5th Ave., New York 1, N.Y. 
42 Summit St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 309, Bound Brook, N.J. 

556 Morris Ave., Summit, N.J. 

Route 208, Fair Lawn, N.J. 

P.O. Box 749, New Brunswick, N.J. 

360 Regis Rd., Pittsburgh 36, Pa. 

1127 Munsey Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. 

Greenwood, Va. 

300 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

Quimby St., Ossining 12, N.Y. 

394 Frelinghuysen Ave., Newark 14, N.J. 

15 Market St., Paterson 1, N.J. 

1250 W. 7th St., St. Paul 2, Minn. 

260 Madison Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

205 S. 2d St., Camden 1, N.J. 

3475 3d Ave., New York 56, N.Y. 

Bush and Severn St., Baltimore 30, Md. 

3101 E. 11th St., Los Angeles 23, Calif. 

Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. 

270 Clifton Blvd., Clifton, N.J. 

70 S. Chapel St., Newark, Del. 

1300 Main, Houston 1, Tex. 

1412 Knox N. Kansas City 16, Mo. 

P.O. Box 80, Lawrence, Kans. 

River Rd., W. Conshohocken, Pa. 

P.O. Box 869, Coos Bay, Oreg. 

P.O. Box 2591, Baton Rouge 1, La. 

717 5th Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 1311, Big Spring, Tex. 

12000 Shaker Blvd., Cleveland 20, Ohio. 

500 Pear St., Reading, Pa. 

Picayune, Miss. 

American Bldg., Baltimore 2, Md. 
240 India St., Providence 3, R.I. 
900 Wewatta St., Denver 4, Colo. 
Camas , Wash . 

150 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

4th and Parker Sts., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

Danville, Va. 

4800 S. Richmond St., Chicago 32, 111. 

Rm. 375, Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54, 111. 

Pryor, Okla. 

726 King St., Wilmington, Del. 

P.O. Box 4067, Corpus Christ!, Tex. 

P.O. Box 108, Elkton, Md. 

23 W. 60th St., New York 23, N.Y. 

44-27 Purvis St., Long Island 1, N.Y. 

1350 S. Kostner Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

P.O. Box 501, Detroit 32, Mich. 

845 Edgewater Rd., New York 59, N.Y. 

300 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 

1901 Spring St., Redwood, Calif. 

212 W. Monroe St., Chicago 6, 111. 

P.O. Box 470, Hattiesburg, Miss. 

Rt. 5, Box 621, Everett, Wash. 

10-40 44th Dr., Long Island 1, N.Y. 

1624 Darrow Ave., Evanston, 111. 

15th and Davis Sts., Dover, Ohio. 

Main St., Midland, Mich. 

P.O. Box 592, Midland, Mich. 

15 E. 26th St., New York 10, N.Y. 

1219 E. Church St., Adrian, Mich. 

1007 41st St., Oakland 8, Calif. 

10th and Market Sts'., Wilmington 98, Del. 

26 Journal Sq., Jersey City 6, N.J. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



205 



Najne of company 



Office address 



J. S. Sc W. R. EakiQS, Inc 

Eastman Kodak Co 

Tennessee Eastman Co. Div 

Texas Eastman Co. Dlv 

Edcan Laboratories 

Eddystone Manufacturing Co 

Thomas A. Edison Industries, McGraw- 
Edison Co. Div. 

El Paso Natural Gas Products Co 

Emery Industries, Inc 

Emkay Chemical Co 

Endo Laboratories, Inc 

Enjay Chemical Co 

Epoxylite Corp 

Erdmann Chemical Co., Inc 

Escambia Chemical Corp 

Ethyl Corp 

Ethyl-Dow Chemical Co 

Evans Chemetics, Inc 

Everledge Manufacturing, Inc 

Fairmount Chemical Co., Inc 

Farmers' Chemical Co 

Famow, Inc 

Estate of W. U. Farrington 

Federal Color Laboratories, Inc 

Felton Chemical Co., Inc 

Ferro Corp., Ferro Chemical Div 

Fiber Chemical Corp 

Fiberfil, Inc 

Fibreboard Paper Products Corp 

Filtered Rosin Products Co 

Fine Organics, Inc 

Firestone Tire Sc Rubber Co.: 

Firestone Plastics Co. Div 

Firestone Synthetic Rubber & Latex 
Co. Div. 

Florasynth Laboratories, Inc 

Florida Chemical Co., Inc 

FMC Corporation: 

Becco Chemical Div 

Chemical Div 

Chemicals & Plastics Div 

Niagara Chemical Div 

Foote Mineral Co 

Foremost Food & Chemical Co 

Formica Corp 

Foster-Grant Co., Inc 

Foster-Heaton Co 

France, Campbell & Darling, Inc 

J. P. Frank Chemical & Plastic Corp 

Freeman Chemical Corp 

Frisch & Co., Inc 

Fritzsche Bros., Inc 

H. B. Fuller Co 

W. P. Fuller & Co 

Gamma Chemical Corp 

Gane's Chemical Works, Inc 

Geigy Chemical Corp 

General Aniline Sc Film Corp 

General Electric Co.: 

Chemical Materials Dept 

Insulating Materials Dept 

Silicone Products Dept 

General Foods Corp., Maxwell House Div- 

General Latex & Chemical Corp 

General Mills, Inc 

General Plastics Manufacturing Co 

General Tire & Rubber Co., Chemical Div 

P. D. George Co 

Gllman Paint & Varnish Co 



55 Berry St., Brooklyn 11, N.Y. 
3-43 State St., Rochester A, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 511, Kingsport, Tenn. 
P.O. Box 2068, Longview, Tex. 
10 Pine St., S. Newark, Conn. 
P.O. Box A71, Wilmington 99, Del. 
120 S. LaSalle St., Chicago 3, 111. 

P.O. Box 1161, El Paso, Tex. 

4300 Carew Tower, Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 

319 2d St., Elizabethport, N.J. 

iA-^0 101st St., Richmond Hill 18, N.Y. 

15 W. 51st St., New York 19, N.Y. 

I'i28 N. Tyler Ave., S. El Monte, Calif. 

66 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

P.O. Box 467, Pensacola, Fla. 

100 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

Midland, Mich. 

250 E. 43d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 178, Harrison City, Pa. 

117 Blanchard St., Newark 5, N.J. 

P.O. Box 591, Kalamazoo, Mich. 

4-83 48th Ave., Long Island 1, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 389, E. Greenwich, R.I. 

4526 Chickering Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 

599 Johnson Ave., Brooklyn 37, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 349, Bedford, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 218, Matawan, N.J. 

Fox Farm Road, Warsaw, Ind. 

P.O. Box 4314, Oakland 23, Calif. 

P.O. Box 179, Baxley, Ga. 

205 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

P.O. Box 690, Pottstown, Pa. 

381 W. Wilbeth Rd., Akron 1, Ohio. 

900 Van Nest Ave., New York 62, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 997, Lake Alfred, Fla. 

Sawyer Ave. and River Rd., Tonawanda, N.Y. 

161 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

1701 Patapsco Ave., Baltimore 26, Md., and P.O. Box 98, 

Nitro, W. Va. 
100 Niagara St., Middleport, N.Y. 
Rt. 100, Exton, Pa. 
P.O. Box 599, Oakland 4, Calif. 
4614 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 32, Ohio. 
289 N. Main St., Leominster, Mass. 

16 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 

N. Michigan Ave., Kenilworth, N.J. 

5410 Avenue U, Brooklyn 34, N.Y. 

222 E. Main St., Port Washington, Wis. 

88 E. 11th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 

76 9th Ave., New York 11, N.Y. 

4819 Industrial Ct., Cincinnati 17, Ohio. 

450 E. Grand Ave., S. San Francisco, Calif. 

355 Lexington Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
535 5th Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 430, Yonkers, N.Y. 
435 Hudson St., New York 14, N.Y. 



, Pittsfield, Mass. 
Schenectady 6, N.Y. 



1 Plastics Ave. 

1 Campbell Rd., 

Waterford, N.Y. 

1125 Hudson St., Hoboken, N.J. 

666 Main St., Cambridge 39, Mass. 

9200 Wayzata Blvd., Minneapolis 26, Minn. 

3481 S. 35th St., Tacoma 9, Wash. 

1708 Englewood Ave., Akron 9, Ohio. 

5200 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 

W. 8th and Pine Sts., Chattanooga 1, Tenn. 



206 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, i96i--Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Givaudan Corp 

Glasflex, Ino 

Glldden Co 

B. F. Goodrich Co., B. F. Goodrich 
Chemical Co. Div. 

Goodrich-Gulf Chemicals, Ino 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co 

Gordon Chemical Co., Ino 

Gordon Chemicals, Ino 

Gordon- Laoey Chemical Products Co., Ino 
W. R. Grace & Co.: 

Dewey & Almy Chemical Div 

Hatoo Chemical Div 

Nitrogen Products Div 

Polymer Chemicals Div 

Grain Processing Corp 

Grand Rapids Varnish Corp 

Great American Plastics Co 

Great Lakes Chemical Corp 

Great Southern Chemical Corp 

Great Western Sugar Co 

Greenwood Textile Supply Co 

Guard Chemical Co., Ino 

Gulf Oil Corp -— 

Guth Chemical Co 



Ino- 



H & N Chemical Co 

Haag Laboratories, Ino 

Halby Products Co., Ino 

C. P. Hall Co. of Illinois— - 
Hampton Color S: Chemical Co — 

Hampshire Chemical Corp 

Hanna Paint Manufacturing Co. 

Harris Standard Paint Co 

Harshaw Chemical Co 

Hart Products Corp 

Hartman-Leddon Co 

Haveg Industries, Inc., Resin Sc 

Compound Div. 

Helene Curtis Industries, Inc 

Hercules Powder Co 

Imperial Color Sc Chemical Dept 

Heresite & Chemical Co 

Heteroohemioal Corp 

Hexagon Laboratories, Ino 

Hexoel Products, Inc., Applied 

Plastics Div. 
Heyden Nevrport Chemical Corp 

Newport Industries Div 

Nuodex Products Div 

Hodag Chemical Corp 

Hoeohst Chemical Corp 

Hoffmann-LaRoohe, Ino 

Hoffman-Taff, Inc 

Holland Color & Chemical Co 

Hooker Chemical Corp 

Durez Plastics Div 

Phosphorus Div 

E. F. Houghton & Co 

Housi,on Chemical Corp 

Chas. L. Huisking & Co., Inc., Glyco 

Chemicals Div.- 

Hukill Chemical Corp 

Humphrey-Wilkinson, Inc 

Husky Oil Co 

Hynson, Westcott & Dunning, Inc 

Hysol Corp 



109-201 Delawanna Ave., Delawanna, N.J. 

« W. AVth St., New York, N.Y. 

900 Union Commerce Bldg., Cleveland 14, Ohio. 

3135 Euclid Ave., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

1717 E. 9th St., Cleveland U, Ohio. 
11^4 E. Market St., Akron 16, Ohio. 
88 Webster St., Worcester 3, Mass. 
P.O. Box 52, Carlstadt, N. J. 
57-02 'i8th St., Maspeth 78, N.Y. 

62 Whittenmore Ave., Cambridge 40, Mass. 

King George Post Rd., P.O. Box 27, Fords, N.J. 

147 Jefferson, Memphis 7, Tenn. 

225 Allwood Rd., Clifton, N.J. 

1600 Oregon St., Muscatine, Iowa. 

1350 Steele Ave., SW., Grand Rapids 2, Mich-. 

650 Water St., Fitohburg, Mass. 

2024 Filer City Rd., Filer City, Mich. 

P.O. Box 4166, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

P.O. Box 5308, Terminal Annex, Denver 17, Colo. 

27 Meadow St., Warwick, R.I. 

N. Water St., Ossining, N.Y. 

P.O. Drawer 2100, Houston 1, Tex. 

850 Weed St., Chicago 22, 111. 

88 Bleeker St., Paterson 4, N.J. 
■p.O. Box 117, Blue Island, 111. 
P.O. Box 366, Wilmington 99, Del. 
5245 W. 73d St., Chicago 38, 111. 
5 Albany St., Springfield 1, Mass. 
Poisson Ave., Nashua, N.H. 
1313 Windsor, Ave., Columbus 16, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 1381, Tampa 1, Fla. 
1945 E. 97th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio 
1440 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 
60th and Woodland Ave., Philadelphia 43, Pa. 
Plastics Park, Wilmington 8, Del. 



4401 W. North Ave., Chicago 39, 111. 
910 Hercules Tower, Wilmington 99, Del 
P.O. Box 231, Glens Falls, N.Y. 
822 S. 14th St., Manitowoc, Wis. 
Ill E. Hawthorne Ave., Valley Stream, 
3536 Peartree Ave., New York 69, N.Y. 
130 Penn St., El Segundo, Calif. 



N.Y. 



N.Y. 



111. 



Industrial Dyestuff Co 

Industrial Marine Chemical Co- 
I Inland Steel Container Co 



342 Madison Ave., New York 17, 

P.O. Box 911, Pensaoola, Fla. 

830 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N.J. 

7247 N. Central Park Ave., Skokie, 

129 Quidnick St., W. Warwick, R.I. 

324 Kingsland Rd., Nutley 10, N.J. 

P.O. Box 1246, Springfield, Mo. 

492 Douglas Ave., Holland, Mich. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, 

Walck Rd., N. Tonawanda, N.Y. 

Buffalo Ave. and 47th St., Niagara Falls, N 

303 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

200 Madison Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

417 5th Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

2533 Broadway Ave., Cleveland 13, Ohio. 

Devine St., N. Haven, Conn. 

P.O. Box 380, Cody, Wyo. 

Charles and Chase Sts., Baltimore 1, Md. 

1100 Seneca Ave., Olean, N. Y. 

Massasoit Ave., E. Providence 14, R.I. 

P.O. Box 2344, Fort Worth, Tex. 

6532 S. Menard Ave., Chicago 38, 111. 



N.Y. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



207 



Name of company 



Office address 



Interohemlcal Corp.: 

Color & Chemicals Div 

Finishes Div 

Organic Chemicals Dept 

Intermediates, Inc ; 

International Flavors & Fragrances, 

Inc. 

International Latex Corp 

International Minerals & Chemical Corp 

International Paper Co 

International Resistance Co 

Inter-Pacific Resins, Inc 

Intex Chemical Corp 

Ironsides Co 

Isochem Resins Co 

Isocyanate Products, Inc 

Jamestown Paint & Varnish Co 

Jefferson Chemical Co., Inc 

Jefferson Lake Sulphur Co., Merichem 

Co. Div. 

Jennison-Wright Corp 

Andrew Jergens Co 

Jersey State Chemical Co 

Jewel Paint & Varnish Co 

S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc 

Jones-Blair Paint Co 

Jones-Dabney Co 

W. H. & F. Jordan, Jr. Manufacturing 

Co., Inc. 

K & K Laboratories, Inc 

Kali Manufacturing Co 

Kay-Fries Chemicals, Inc 

Kelly-Pickering Chemical Corp 

Kendall Refining Co 

Kennecott Copper Corp . : 

Chino Mines Div 

Utah Copper Div 

Kenrich Petrochemicals, Inc 

Kessler Chemical Co., Inc 

Keysor Chemical Co 

Keystone Chemurgic Corp 

Keystone Color Works, Inc 

Keystone Paint & Varnish Corp 

Kilsdonk Chemical Corp 

0. L. King & Co 

Knapp Products, Inc 

Knoedler Chemical Co 

H. Kohnstamm & Co., Inc 

Kolker Chemical Corp 

Koppers Co., Inc.: 

Chemicals & Dyestuffs Div 

Plastics Div 

Tar Products Div 

Kyanize Paints, Inc 

Lakeside Laboratories, Inc 

LaMotte Chemical Products Co 

Laurel Soap Manufacturing Co 

Lawrence Mills, Inc 

Lawter Chemicals, Inc., Krumbhaar 
Resin Div. 

Leatex Chemical Co 

Lebanon Chemical Corp 

Leffingwell Chemical Co 

Lehigh Chemical Co 

B. L. Lemke & Co., Inc 

Leonard Refineries, Inc 

Lever Brothers Co 

C. Lever Co., Inc 

Fred'k H. Levey Co., Inc 

Lignln Products Co 



150 Wagar aw Rd . , Hawthorne , N.J. 
224 McWhorter St., Newark 1, N.J. 
P.O. Box, 8, Rt. 17, Carlstadt, N.J. 
P.O. Box 1503, Joliet, 111. 
521 W. 57th St., New York 19, N.Y, 

Playtex Park, Dov^r, Del. 

5401 Old Orchard Rd., Skokie, 111. 

220 E. <i2d St., New York 17, N.Y. 
401 N. Broad St., Philadelphia 8, Pa. 
P.O. Box 445, Sweet Home, .Oreg. 

165 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

270 W. Mound St., Columbus 15, Ohio. 

221 Oak St., Providence 9, R.I. 

900 Wilmington Rd., New Castle, Del. 

108 Main St., Jamestown, Pa. 
P.O. Box 303, Houston 1, Tex. 
1914 Haden Rd., Houston 15, Tex. 

P.O. Box 4187, Station E, Toledo 9, Ohio. 

2535 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati 14, Ohio. 

59 Lee Ave., Haledon, N.J. 

345 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 

1525 Howe St., Racine, Wis. 

6969 Denton Dr., Dallas 35, Tex. 

1481 S. 11th St., Louisville 8, Ky. 

2126 E. Somerset St., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 



177-10 93d Ave., Jamaica 33, N. Y. 
427 E. Moyer St., Philadelphia 25, Pa. 
180 Madison Ave.., New York 16, N.Y. 
956 Bransten Rd., Sa-. Carlos, Calif. 
1177 Kendall Ave., Bradford, Pa. 

Hurley, N. Mex. 

P.O. Box 1650, Salt Lake City 10, Utah. 

57-02 48th St., Maspeth 78, N.Y. 

State Rd. and Cottman Ave., Philadelphia 35, Pa. 

26000 Bouquet Canyon Rd., Saugus, Calif. 

R.D. #2, Bethlehem, Pa. 

151 W. Gay Ave., York, Pa. 

71 Otsego St., Brooklyn 31, N.Y. 

101 Canal St., Lock Haven, Pa. 

640 Oilman St., Berkeley 10, Calif. 

180 Hamilton Ave., Lodi, N.J. 

651 High St. Lancaster, Pa. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 13, N.Y. 

600 Doremus Ave . , Newark 5 , N.J. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 

Koppers Bldg., 430 7th Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. 
2d and Boston Sts., Everett 49, Mass. 

1707 E. North Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

Chestertown, Md. 

Thompson and Tioga Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

19 S. Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 

3550 Touhy Ave., Chicago 45, 111. 

2722 N Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

P.O. Box 532, Lebanon, Pa. 

10523 Santa Gertrudes Rd., Whittier, Calif. 

P.O. Box 120, Chestertown, Md. 

199 Main St., Lodi, N.J. 

E. Superior St., Alma, Mich. 

390 Park Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

Howard and Huntington Sts., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 960, Erie, Pa. 



208 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Eli Lilly & Co — 

Lithium Corp. of America, Inc 

Lubrizol Corp 

George Lueders & Co 

MacKenzie Chemical Works, Inc 

Magruder Color Co., Inc 

Maher Color & Chemical Co 

Mallinckrodt Chemical Works 

Mansun Paint Manufacturing Co., Inc 

Martlette Corp 

Marden-Wild Corp 

Marlowe-Van Loan Corp 

Martin-Marietta Co. : 

Adhesive, Resin & Chemical Div 

Arco Div 

Ferbert-Schomdorfer Co. Div 

Charles R. Long, Jr. Co. Div 

Ridguay Color & Chemical Co. Div 

Southern Dyestuff Co. Div 

Max Marx Color & Chemical Co 

Maryland Plastics, Inc 

Masonite Corp, Alpine Chemical Div 

Massachusetts Plastic Corp 

Maumee Chemical Co 

Otto B. May, Inc 

MoCloskey Varnish Co 

MoWhorter Chemicals, Inc 

Medical Chemicals Corp 

Merck & Co., Inc 

Metalead Products Corp 

Metal Hydrides, Inc 

Metalsalts Corp 

Metal & Thermit Corp 

Metro-Atlantic, Inc 

J. Meyer & Sons, Inc 

Michigan Chemical Corp 

Midland Industrial Finishes Co 

Miles Laboratories, Inc 

Mineral Oil Refining Co 

Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co 

Minnesota Paints, Inc 

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc 

Mississippi Chemical Corp 

Mobay Chemical Co 

Molded Fiber Glass Body Co., Resin Div- 

Mona Industries, Inc 

Monsanto Chemical Co.: 

Organic Chemical Div 

Plastics Div 

Western Div 

Montrose Chemical Corp. of California- 
Benjamin Moore & Co 

Momingstar Paisley, Inc 

Morton Chemical Co 

Morwear Paint Co 

Motomco, Inc 

Nalco Chemical Co., Visco Products 

Co. Div. 
National Biochemical Co 

National Casein Co 

National Dairy Products Corp.; 

Humko Products Chemical Div 

Sheffield Chemical Co. Div 

National Distillers & Chemical Corp., 
U.S. Industrial Chemicals Co. Div. 

National Lead Co 

National Plastic Products Co., Inc 

National Polyohemicals, Inc 

National Starch & Chemical Corp 



1^0 S. Alabama St., Indianapolis 6, Ind. 
500 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 
Cleveland 17, Ohio. 
427 Washington St., New York 13, N.Y. 

1 Cordello Ave., Central Islip, L.I., N.Y. 
2385 Richmond Terrace, Staten Island 2, N.Y. 
1700 N. Elston Ave., Chicago 22, 111. 
3600 N. 2d St., St. Louis 7, Mo. 
4-0 Industrial Rd., Lodi, N.J. 
37-31 30th St., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 
500 Columbia St., Somerville 43, Mass, 
1511 Joshua Circle, High Point, N.C. 

42 S. 3d St., Newark, Ohio, and 3400 13th Ave., S.W., 

Seattle 4, Wash. 
7301 Bessemer Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio. 
12815 ELnwood Ave., Cleveland 11, Ohio. 
1630 W. Hill St., Louisville 10, Ky. 
75 Front St., Ridgway, Pa. 
P.O. Box 10098, Charlotte 1, N.C. 
192 Colt St., Irvington 11, N.J. 
251 E. Central Ave., Federalsburg, Md. 
P.O. Box 101, Gulfport, Miss. 
Ludlow, Mass . 

1310 Expressway Dr., Toledo 8, Ohio. 
52 Amsterdam St., Newark 5, N.J. 
7600 State Rd., Philadelphia 36, Pa. 
1645 S. Kilboum Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 
4122 W. Grand Ave., Chicago 51, 111. 
Lincoln Ave., Rahway, N.J. 
2901 Park Blvd., Palo Alto, Calif. 
12-24 Congress St., Beverly, Mass. 
200 Wagaraw Rd., Hawthorne, N.J. 
Woodbridge Rd. and Randolph Ave., Rahway, N.J. 
2072 Smith St., Centerdale 11, R.I. 
4321 N. 4th St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 
500 N. Bankson St., St. Louis, Mich. 
E. Water St., Waukegan, 111. 
1127 ^fcrrtle St., Elkhart, Ind. 
P.O. Drawer C, Dickinson 1, Tex. 
900 Bush Ave., St. Paul 1, Minn. 
1101 S. 3d St., Minneapolis 15, Minn. 
277 Colt St., Irvington 11, N.J. 
P.O. Box 563, Yazoo City, Miss. 
Penn Lincoln Parkway, W. Pittsburgh 5, Pa. 
4601 Benefit Ave., Ashtabula, Ohio. 
65 E. 23d St., Paterson 17, N.J. 

800 N. Lindbergh Blvd., St. Louis 66, Mo. 

812 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 2, Mass., and P.O. Box 1311, 

Texas City, Tex. 
P.O. Box 120, Santa Clara, Calif. 
500 S. Virgil Ave., Los Angeles 5, Calif. 
548 5th Ave., New York 36, N.Y. 
1770 Canalport Ave., Chicago 16, 111. 

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 
568 14th St., Oakland 12, Calif. 
89 Terminal Ave., Clark, N.J. 

P.O. Box 87, Sugar Land, Tex. 

3127 W. Lake St., Chicago 12, 111. 
601 W. 80th St., Chicago 20, 111. 

Sterick Bldg., Memphis 1, Tenn. 

P.O. Box 630, Norwich, N.Y. 

99 Park Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

111 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. 
Odenton, Md. 

Eames St., Wilmington, Mass. 
750 3d Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23. —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1961— Continued 



209 



Name of company 



Office address 






National Vulcanized Fibre Co 

Nease Chemical Co., Ino 

Nelio Chemicals, Inc 

Nepera Chemical Co., Ino 

Neville Chemical Co 

Nilok Chemicals, Inc 

A. P. Nonweiler Co 

Nopco Chemical Co., Inc 

Norda Essential Oil & Chemical Co., Inc 

Northwestern Chemical Co 

Norwich Pharmacal Co 

Ohio Chemical & Surgical Equipment Co — 

Old Colony Tar Co., Inc 

Old Hickory Chemical Co 

Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp 

Blockson Chemical Co. Div 

E. R. Squibb & Sons Div 

Onyx Chemical Corp 

Orbis Products Corp 

Organics, Ino 

Original Bradford Soap Works, Ino 

Ortho Chemical Corp 

C. J. Osborn Co 

Ottawa Chemical Co 

Ott Chemical Co 

Ottol Oil Co — 

Owens-Coming Fiberglas Corp 

Oxy Chemical Co 

Pabst Brewing Co 

Pacific Carbide & Alloys Co 

Pan American Petroleum Corp 

Pantasote Co 

Parke, Davis & Co 

M. W. Parsons-Plymouth, Inc 

Patent Chemicals, Ino 

Pearsall Chemical Co 

Peerless Chemical Co 

Peerless Color Co., Ino 

Pelron Corp 

S. B. Penick & Co 

Pennsalt Chemicals Corp 

Pennsylvania Industrial Chemical Corp — 

Pennsylvania Refining Co . 

Perkins Glue Co 

L. Perrigo Co 

Perry & Derrick Co 

Petroleum Chemicals, Inc 

Petro-Tex Chemical Corp 

Pfanstiehl Laboratories, Inc 

Pfaudler Permutit, Inc., lonao 

Chemical Co. Div. 

Pfister Chemical Works 

Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc 

Pharmaohem Corp 

Phelan-Faust Paint Manufacturing Co 

Phelan's Resins & Plastics Div 

Phillips Chemical Co 

Phillips Petroleum Co 

Phoenix Oil Co 

Pierce Chemical Co 

Pilot Chemical Co. of California 

Pitt-Consol Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Chemical Co 

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co 

Plastics Corp. of America 

Plastics Engineering Co 

Plumb Chemical Corp 

Polyohemical Laboratories, Inc 

Polymer Corp 

Polymer Industries, Ino 



1000 Beach St., Wilmin^on, Del. 
P.O. Box 221, State College, Pa. 
2051 Lane Ave., Jacksonville 5, Fla. 
Rt. 17 and Averill Ave., Harriman, N.Y. 
Neville Island, Pittsburgh 25, Pa. 
2000 College Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 1007, Oshkosh, Wis. 
60 Park PI., Newark 2, N.J. 

600 W. 26th St., New York 1, N.Y. 
120 N. Aurora St., W. Chicago, 111. 
17 Eaton Ave., Norwich, N.Y. 

l-iOO E. Washington Ave., Madison 10, Wis. 

P.O. Box 305, Paramus, N.J. 

P.O. Box 3-408, Richmond 3<i, Va. 

P.O. Box 1996, Baltimore 3, Md., and <V60 Park Ave. 

New York 22, N.Y. 
Joliet, 111. 
745 5th Ave., New York 22, N.Y. 

190 Warren St., Jersey City 2, N. J. 

601 W. 26th St, New York 1, N.Y. 
1724 Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 
200 Providence St., W. Warwick, R.I. 
52-20 37th St., Long Island City 1, N.Y. 
1301 W. Blancke St., Linden, N.J. 

700 N. Wheeling St., Toledo 5, Ohio. 
500 Agard Rd., Muskegon, Mich. 
455 Cortlandt St., Belleville 9, N. J. 
National Bank Bldg., Toledo 1, Ohio. 
P.O. Box 41, Nixon, N.J. 

917 W. Juneau Ave., Milwaukee 1, Wis. 

P.O. Box 5607, Portland 17, Oreg. 

P.O. Box 591, Tulsa 2, Okla. 

26 Jefferson St., Passaic, N.J. 

Foot of Jos. Campau, Detroit 32, Mich. 

100 Church St., New York 8, N.Y. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N.J. 

P.O. Box 108, Phillipsburg, N.J. 

3850 Oakman Blvd., Detroit 4, Mich. 

P.O. Box 267, Passaic, N.J. 

7847 W. 47th St., Lyons, 111. 

100 Church St., New York, N.Y. 

3 Penn Center, Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

120 State St., Box 240, Clalrton, Pa. 

Commonwealth Bank & Trust Co. Bldg., Butler, Pa. 

632 Cannon Ave., Lansdale, Pa. 

Allegan, Mich. 

2510 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 1522, Lake Charles, La. 

P.O. Box 2584, Houston 1, Tex. 

1219 Glen Rock Ave., Waukegan, 111. 

Birmingham, N.J. 

Linden Ave., Ridgefleld, N.J. 

235 E. 42d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

Broad and Wood Sts., Bethlehem, Pa. 

932 Loughborough Ave., St. Louis 11, Mo. 

P.O. Box 189, Burlington, Iowa. 

Adams Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. 

Adams Bldg., Bartlesville, Okla. 

9505 Cassius Ave., Cleveland 5, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 117, Rookford, 111. 

11756 Burke St., Santa Fe Springs, Calif. 

191 Doremus Ave., Newark 5, N. J. 
200 Grant Bldg., Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 
1 Gateway Center, Pittsburgh 22, Pa. 
700 Canal St., Box 1158, Stamford, Conn. 
1607 Geele Ave., Sheboygan, Wis. 

4837 James St., Philadelphia 37, Pa. 
490 Hunts Point Ave., New .York 59, N.Y. 
2120 Fairmont Ave., Reading, Pa. 
Viaduct Rd., Springdale, Conn. 



210 SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1961 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Poly Resins 

Polyrez Co., Inc 

Polyvinyl Chemicals, Inc 

Poughieepsie Dyestuff Corp 

Pratt & Lambert, Inc 

Process Chemicals Co 

Procter & Gamble Co., Procter & Gamble 
Manufacturing Co. Div. 

Proctor Chemical Co., Inc 

Productol Co 

Publicker Industries, Inc 

Puget Sound Pulp & Timber Co 

Pure Oil Co 

Purex Corp., Ltd 

Quaker Chemical Products Corp 

Quaker Oats Co 

R. S. A. Corp 

Raybestos-Manhattan, Inc., Raybestos 
Div. 

Rayette, Inc., Chemical Div 

Red Spot Paint & Varnish Co., Inc 

Refined Products Co 

Reheis Company, Inc 

Reiohhold Chemicals, Inc 

Alkydol Laboratories Div 

Deecy Products Co. Div 

Varcum Chemical Div 

Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp 

Reliance Varnish Co 

Coast Paint & Lacquer Co. Div 

Remington Arms Co., Inc 

Rexall Chemical Co 

Rexall Chemical Co. - Kearny 

Rezolin, Inc 

Rhodia, Inc 

Richardson Co 

Richfield Oil Corp 

Riker Laboratories, Inc 

Rinshed-Mason Co 

F. Ritter & Co 

Ritter Chemical Co., Inc 

Riverdale Chemical Co 

Roberts Chemicals, Inc 

Rook Hill Printing & Finishing Co 

Rogers Corp 

Rohm & Haas Co 

Roma Chemical Corp 

Rosett Chemicals, Inc 

Royce Chemical Co 

Rubber CoiTp. of America 

Ruberoid Co 

S & W Chemical Co., Inc 

St. Regis Paper Co., Lake States 
Yeast & Chemical Div. 

Dr. Salsbury's Laboratories 

Sandoz, Inc 

Sartomer Resins, Inc 

Schaefer Varnish Co., Inc 

Schenectady Chemicals, Inc 

R. P. Soberer Corp 

Sobering Corp 

Soholler Bros., Inc 

Schuylkill Chemical Co- 

Schwarz Bioresearch, Inc 

G. D. Searle & Co 

Seidlitz Paint & Varnish Co 

Shanoo Plastics & Chemicals, Inc 

Shawlnlgan Resins Corp 



11655 Wicks St., Sun Valley, Calif. 

So. Columbia St., Woodbury, N.J. 

26 Howley St., Peabody, Mass. 

77 N. Water St., Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 

75 Tonawanda St., Buffalo 7, N.Y. 

8733 S. Dice Rd., Sante Fe Springs, Calif. 

301 E. 6th St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio. 

P.O. Box 399, Salisbury, N.C. 

All S. Hill St., Los Angeles 13, Calif. 

1429 Walnut St., Philadelphia 2, Pa. 

300 Laurel St., Bellingham, Wash. 

200 E. Gulf Rd., Palatine, 111. 

5101 Clark Ave., Lakewood, Calif. 

Elm, Lime, and Sandy Sts., Conshohooken, Pa. 
Merchandise Mart Plaza, Chicago 54-, 111. 

690 Saw Mill River Rd., Ardsley, N.Y. 
P.O. Box 1021, Bridgeport 2, Conn. 

261 E. 5th St., St. Paul 1, Minn. 

110 Main St., Evansville 8, Ind. 

624 Schuyler Ave., Lyndhurst, N.J. 

235 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, N.J. 

525 N. Broadway, White Plains, N.Y. 

7738 W. 61st PI., Summit, 111. 

120 Potter St., Cambridge 42, Mass. 

Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

1615 Merchants Bank Bldg., Indianapolis 4, Ind. 

4730 Crittenden Dr., Louisville 9, Ky. 

P.O. Box 1113, Houston 1, Tex. 

939 Barnum Ave., Bridgeport 2, Conn. 

8480 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

1106 Harrison Ave., Kearny, N.J. 

1651 18th St., Santa Monica, Calif. 

60 E. 56th St., New York 22, N.Y. 

27th Ave. and Lake St., Melrose Park, 111., and 100 New St., 

Paterson, N.J. 
555 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. 
19901 Nordhoff St., Northridge, Calif. 
5935 Milford Ave., Detroit 10, Mich. 
4001 Goodwin Ave., Los Angeles 39, Calif. 
403 W. Main St., Amsterdam, N.Y. 
220 E. 17th St., Chicago Heights, 111. 
P.O. Box 546, Nitro, W. Va. 
Rock Hill, S.C. 
Mill St., Rogers, Conn. 

222 W. Washington Sq., Philadelphia 5, Pa. 
900 Passaic Ave., E. Newark, N.J. 
84 Waydell St., Newark 5, N.J. 
Carlton Ave., Carlton Hill, N.J. 
New South Rd., Hlcksville, N.Y. 
733 3d Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 995, LaPorte, Tex. 

603 W. Davenport St., Rhinelander, Wis. 

500 Gilbert St., Charles City, Iowa. 

61-63 Van Dam St., New York 13, N.Y. 

32d and Spring Garden Sts., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

15th and Magnolia Sts., Louisville 10, Ky. 

Congress St. and 10th Ave., Schenectady 1, N.Y. 

9425 Grinnell Ave., Detroit 13, Mich. 

1011 Morris Ave., Union, N.J. 

Collins and Westmoreland Sts., Philadelphia 34, Pa. 

2346 W. Sedgley Ave., Philadelphia 32, Pa. 

Mountain View Ave., Orangeburg, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 5110, Chicago 80, 111. 

18th and Garfield, Kansas City 10, Mo. 

2716 Kenmore Ave., Tonawanda, N.Y. 

644 Monsanto Ave., Springfield 1, Mass. 



J 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 211 

TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, 1961 — Continued 



Name of company 



Office address 



Shell Oil Co - 

Shell Chemical Co. Dlv 

Shepherd Chemical Co 

Sherwin-Williams Co 

Shulton, Inc 

George F. Siddall Co., Inc 

Signal Oil & Gas Co 

Simpson Timber Co 

Sinclair Refining Co 

James B. Sipe & Co 

G. Frederick Smith Chemical Co 

Smith, Kline & French Laboratories 

Socony Mobile Oil Co., Inc., Mobile 
Oil Co. Div. 

Socony Paint Products Co 

Solar Nitrogen Chemicals, Inc., Sohio 
Chemical Co., Agent. 

Solar Chemical Corp 

Soluol Chemical Co., Inc 

Solvent Chemical Co., Inc 

Sonnebom Chemical & Refining Corp 

Sonoco Products Co 

Southern Nitrogen Co., Inc 

Southern Resin Glue Co 

Southern Sizing Co 

South Hampton Co 

Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc 

Spencer Chemical Co 

Stahl Finish Co- — - 

A. E. Staley Manufacturing Co 

UBS Chemical Co. Div. 
Standard Brands, Inc., Clinton Com 
Processing Co. Div. 

Standard Chemical Products, Inc 

Standard Chlorine Chemical Co.,- Inc — 

Standard Dyestuff Corp 

Standard Naphthalene Products Co., Inc 
Standard Oil Co. of California, 
Western Operations, Inc. 

Standard T Chemical Co., Inc 

Standard Ultramarine & Color Co 

Wm. J. Stange Co 

Stauffer Chemical Co 

Anderson Chemical Co. -Div 

Calhio Chemicals Div 

Victor Chemical Works Div 

Stecker Chemicaln, Inc 

Stein, Hall & Co., Inc 

Stepan Chemical Co 

Maywood Chemical Works Div 

Sterling Drug, Inc.: 

Glenbrook Laboratories Div 

Hilton-Davis Chemical Co. Div 

Salvo Chemical Dlv- 

Thomasset Colors Div 

Winthrop Laboratories Div 

Fred'k A. Stresen-Reuter, Inc 

Sullivan Varnish Co 

Summit Chemical Products Corp 

Sun Chemical Corp., Warwick Chemical 
Co. Div. 

Sunkist Growers, Inc 

Sun Oil Co- - 

SunOlin Chemical Co 

Sunray DX Oil Co 

Suntide Refining Co-- 

Swift & Co 

Synco Resins, Inc 

Synthetic Chemicals, Inc 

Synthetic Products Co 

Synthron, Inc 

Synvar Corp 



50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. 

50 W. 50th St., New York 20, N.Y. 

2803 Highland Ave., Cincinnati 12, Ohio. 

•101 Prospect Ave., N.W., Cleveland 1, Ohio. 

697 Rt. ^6, Clifton, N.J. 

P.O. Box 925, Spartanburg, S.C. 

P.O. Box 5008, Harrisburg Station, Houston 12, Tex. 

2301 N. Columbia Blvd., Portland 17, Oreg. 

600 5th Ave., New York 20, N.Y. 

P.O. Box 8010, Pittsburgh 16, Pa. 

867 McKlnley Ave., Columbus 22, Ohio. 

1500 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia 1, Pa. 

612 S. Flower St., Los Angeles 5<i, Calif., and P.O. Box 3311, 

Beaumont, Tex. 
Metuchen, N.J. 
55';A Guildhall Bldg., Cleveland 15, Ohio. 

29 Fuller St., Leominster, Mass. 

Green Hill and Market Sts., W. Warwick, R.I. 

341 Commercial St., Maiden ■48, Mass. 
300 Park Ave. S., New York 10, N.Y. 
Hartsville, S.C. 

P.O. Box 246, Savannah, Ga. 
P.O. Box 352, Fayetteville, N.C. 
3056 SE. Main St., East Point, Ga. 
P.O. Box 6966, Houston 5, Texas. 
310 Wheeler St., Tonawanda, N.Y. 
610 Dwight Bldg., Kansas City 5, Mo. 
26 Howley St., Peabody, Mass. 
22d and Eldorado Sts., Decatur, 111. 

Clinton, Iowa. 

1301 Jefferson St., Hoboken, N.J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 
19 E. 5th St., Paterson 4, N.J. 
115 Jacobus Ave., S. Kearny, N.J. 
225 Bush St., San Francisco 20, Calif. 

2600 Richmond Ter., Staten Island 3, M.Y. 
P.O. Box 2166, Huntington 18, W. Va. 

342 N. Western Ave., Chicago 12, 111. 
380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
380 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
155 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago 6, 111. 

45 N. Broad St., Rldgewood, N.J. 
285 Madison Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 
Edens and Wlnnetka, Northfield, 111. 
100 W. Hunter Ave., Maywood, N.J. 

1450 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

2235 Langdon Farm Rd., Cincinnati 37, Ohio. 

Rothschild, Wis. 

120 Lister Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

1450 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 

400 W. Roosevelt Ave., Bensenville, 111. 

410 N. Hart St., Chicago 22, 111. 

11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

Wood River Junction, R.I. 

707 W. 5th St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 

1608 Walnut St., Philadelphia 3, Pa. 

P.O. Box 381 Tulsa 2, Okla. 

P.O. Box 658, Corpus Christi, Tex. 

115 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago 4, 111. 

Henry St., Bethel, Conn. 

335 McLean Blvd., Paterson 4, N.J. 

1636 Wayside Rd., Cleveland 20, Ohio. 

Ryan Ave., Ashton, R.I. 

726 King St., Wilmington 99, Del. 



2)2 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS. 1961 
TABLE 23. — Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers , 1961 — Continued 



Name of con^sany 



Office address 



Tanatex Chemical Corp 

Chas. S. Tanner Co 

Taylor Fibre Co 

Tenneoo Oil Co ■ 

Tennessee Corp 

Tennessee Products & Chemical Corp 

Texacoy Inc 

Texas Butadiene & Chemical Corp 

Texas-U.S. Chemical Co 

Tex Chemical Co 

Thiokol Chemical Corp ■ 

Thompson Chemical Co 

Ticonderoga Chemical Corp 

Toms River Chemical Corp 

Tousey Varnish Co 

Arthur C. Trask Co 

Triangle Chemical Co 

Trojan Powder Co 

Troy Chemical Co -.— 

Trubek Laboratories, Inc 

Trylon Chemical Corp 

Joseph Turner & Co 

Paul Uhlich & Co., Inc 

Ungerer & Co 

Union Carbide Corp.: 

Union Carbide Chemicals Co. Div 

Union Carbide Plastics Co. Div 

Silicones Div 

Union Oil Co. of California 

United Cork Companies 

United Rubber & Chemical Co 

U.S. Borax Research Corp 

U.S. Oil Co 

United States Pipe & Foundry Co 

U.S. Plastic & Chemical Corp 

United States Plywood Corp 

U.S. Rubber Co., Naugatuck Chemical Div 

Universal Chemicals Corp 

Universal Detergents, Inc. and Petro- 
chemicals Co. 

Universal Oil Products Co 

Upjohn Co 

Utah Resin Co., Inc 

Valchem 

Valentine Sugars, Inc., Valite Div 

Vanderbilt Chemical Corp 

Van Dyk & Co., Inc 

Velsicol Chemical Corp 

Vermi lye-Bell 

Verona-Pharma Chemical Corp 

Vickers Petroleum Co., Inc 

Vlneland Chemical Co 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corp 

Vitamins, Inc 

Vita-Var Corp 

Vulcan Materials Co., Frontier Chemical 
Co Div. 

Wallace & Tieman, Inc 

Harchem Div 

Lucidol Div 

Wamer-Jenkinson Manufacturing Co 

Warren Paint & Color Co 

T. F. Washburn Co 

West Coast Adhesives Co 

Western Dry Color Co 

Western Organics, Inc 

Westinghouse Electric Corp 

Westville Chemical Corp 

West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co., Poly- 
chemicals Div. 



Belleville Turnpike, Kearny, N.J. 

250 S. Water St., Providence, R.I. 

P.O. Boi 471, Norristown, Pa. 

P.O. Box 18, Houston, Tex. 

61 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y. 

2611 West End Ave., Nashville 5, Tenn. 

135 E. ^d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

1801 Bank of the Southwest Bldg., Houston 2, Tex. 

P.O. Box 667, Port Neches, Tex. 

20-21 Wagaraw Rd., Fair Lawn, N.J. 

P.O. Box 27, Bristol, Pa. 

90 Mendor Ave., Pawtucket, R.I. 

P.O. Box 11, Leominster, Mass. 

P.O. Box 71, Toms River, N.J. 

520 W. 25th St., Chicago 16, 111. 

327 S. LaSalle St., Chicago A, 111. 

206 Lower Elm St., Macon, Ga. 

17 N. 7th St., Allentown, Pa. 

338 Wilson Ave., Newark 5, N.J. 

State Highway 17, E. Rutherford, N.J. 

P.O. Box 5101, Greenville, S.C. 

P.O. Box 88, Ridgefield, N.J. 

90 West St., New York 6, N.Y. 

161 Avenue of the Americas, New York 13, N.Y. 

270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

270 Park Ave., New York 17, N.Y. 

4.61 S. Boylston St., Los Angeles 17, Calif. 

Central Ave., Kearny, N.J. 

P.O. Box 149, Baytown, Tex. 

630 Shatto PI., Los Angeles 5, Calif. 

P.O. Box 307, Providence, R.I. 

3300 1st Ave. N., Birmingham 2, Ala. 

Lake and Whitman Aves., Metuchen, N.J. 

P.O. Box 1688, Redding, Calif. 

1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York 20, N.Y. 

48 Hunt St., Central Falls, R.I. 

1825 E. Spring St., Long Beach 6, Calif. 

30 Algonquin Rd., Des Plaines, 111. 
301 Henrietta St., Kalamazoo 99, Mich. 
418 Kearns Bldg., Salt Lake City 1, Utah. 

1407 Broadway, New York 18, N.Y. 
726 Whitney Bldg., New Orleans 2, La. 
230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. 
11 William St., Belleville 9, N.J. 
330 E. Grand Ave., Chicago 11, 111. 
21707 Bothell Way, Bothell, Wash. 
P.O. Box 385, Union, N. J. 
P.O. Box 2240, Wichita 1, Kans. 
W. Wheat Rd., Vineland, N.J. 
401 E. Main St., Richmond 6, Va. 
809 W. 58th St., Chicago 21, 111. 
10 Commerce Ct., Newark 2, N.J. 
P.O. Box 545, Wichita 1, Kans. 



25 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

25 Main St., Belleville 9, N.J. 

1740 Military Rd., Buffalo 5, N.Y. 

2526 Baldwin St., St. Louis 6, Mo. 

700 Wedgewood Ave., Nashville 2, Tenn. 

2244 Elston Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

11104 NW. Front Ave., Portland 10, Oreg. 

600 W. 52d St., Chicago 9, 111. 

12800 E. Imperial Hwy., Sante Fe Springs, Calif. 

P.O. Box 146, Pittsburgh 30, Pa. 

Route 110, Monroe, Conn. 

230 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y. 



DIRECTORY OF MANUFACTURERS 
TABLE 23 . —Synthetic organic chemicals: Directory of manufacturers, i56i— Continued 



213 



Code 



Name of company 



Office address 



WEV Geo. D. Wetherill Vamlsh Co 

WHD Weyerhaeuser Co., Wood Products Div- 

WBG White & Bagley Co 

WHI White & Hodges, Ino-- 

WHL Whitmoyer Laboratories, Inc 

WHW Whittemore-Wright Co., Inc 

WIG Wlca Co., Inc 

WUJ Wilmot & Cassidy, Ino 

WIL Wilson & Co., Inc., Wilson Labora- 
tories Div. 

WTC Witoo Chemical Co., Ino 

TAR Tar Distilling Co., Ino. Div 

WTU Ultra Chemical Works, Ino. Div 

WAW W. A. Wood Co 

WHC Wood Ridge Chemical Corp 

WON Woonsocket Color & Chemical Co 

WYN Wyandotte Chemicals Corp 

YAW Young Aniline Works, Ino 



Haddon Ave. and White Horse Pike, Camden 3, N. 

So. Palmetto St., Marshfield, Wis. 

100 Foster St., Worcester 8, Mass. 

576 Lawrence St., Lowell, Mass. 

19 N. Railroad St., J^yerstown, Pa. 

62 Alford St., Boston 29, Mass. 

P.O. Box 506, Charlotte, N.C. 

108 Provost St., Brooklyn 22, N.Y. 

4221 S. Western Blvd., Chicago 9, 111. 

122 E. «d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

122 E. ';2d St., New York 17, N.Y. 

2 Wood St., Paterson 4, N. J. 

108 Spring St., Everett 4-9, Mass. 

Park PI. E., Wood Ridge, N.J. 

176 Sunnyside Ave., Woonsocket, R.I. 

1609 Biddle Ave., Wyandotte, Mich. 

2731 Boston St., Baltimore 24, Md. 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 

APPENDIXES 

A. U.S. Imports of Coal -Tar Intermediates 
and Finished Coal -Tar Products 

Table 24 summarizes, for the period 1959-61, U.S. imports of coal-tar products dutiable 
under paragraphs 27 and 28 of the Tariff Act of 1930. The data, which were obtained by analyz- 
ing invoices covering imports through all U.S. customs districts, are given in detail in a separ- 
ate report of the Tariff Commission. 

In 1961, general imports of coal-tar chemicals entered under paragraph 27 totaled 19. 
million pounds, with a foreign invoice value of $ 12. 3 million, compared with imports of 19.8 
million pounds, valued at $11.5 million, in I960. Most of the coal-tar chemicals imported in 
1961 were declared to be competitive (duty based on "American selling price"). In terms of 
quantity, about 45 percent of the total imports of these products in 1961 came from West Ger- 
many; imports from that country amounted to 8. 5 million pounds, compared with 7. 6 million 
pounds in I960. Imports from Japan in 1961 amounted to 2.6 nnillion pounds, compared with 
876, 000 pounds in I960. Imports from the United Kingdom totaled 2. 1 million pounds in 1961, 
compared with 2.0 million pounds in I960. In 1961 sizable quantities of products that are dutiable 
under paragraph 27 were also imported from Switzerland (1, 900, 000 pounds), Italy (1, 261, 000 
pounds), Denmark (833, 000 pounds), France (687, 000 pounds), Belgium (400, 000 pounds), the 



TABLE 24^-- Coal-tar intermediates and finished coal-tar products: U.S. general imports, classified by use, 

1959-61 



Product 



1959 



Quantity- 



Fore ign 

invoice 

value 



1960 



Quantity 



Foreign 

invoice 

value 



1961 



Quantity 



Foreign 

invoice 
value 



Intermediates^ 

Finished coal-tar products, total 

Dyes, total 

Acid 

Azoic compositions 

Basic 

Direct 

Disperse 

Fiber-reactive 

Fluorescent brightening agents 

Ingrain 

Mordant 

Solvent 

Sulfur 

Vat - - 

All other 

Synthetic organic pigments (toners and 

lakes) 

Medicinals and pharmaceuticals 

Flavor and perfume materials 

All other ' 



1.000 
pounds 
28,8^2 

11,259 



"27251 
1,117 

24 
462 
917 

94 
170 
280 

64 
169 

32 

20 
888 

14 

202 
2,305 

559 
3,942 



1.000 
dollars 

14,033 

21,901 



7,867 

2,391 

48 

777 

1,921 

215 

494 

416 

154 

312 

104 

15 

987 

33 

401 

10, 676 

865 

2,092 



1.000 
pounds 

19,806 

12,299 

J7T353 

1,135 

11 

379 

769 

124 

265 

296 

6 

194 

28 

11 

809 

26 

203 
2,106 

749 
5,188 



1,000 
dol lars 

11,491 

22,209 



7,619 

2,471 

20 

599 

1,692 

312 

735 

454 

20 

335 

82 

8 

874 

17 

562 

10,350 

1,226 

2,452 



1,000 
pounds 

19,029 

12,393 



5,152 

1,313 

5 

439 

771 

177 

1,003 

424 

20 

112 

55 

4 

702 

127 

278 
2,579 

779 
3,605 



1,000 
do I lars 
12,339 

25,950 

11,060 

2,938 

12 

812 

1,640 

403 

2,716 

936 

125 

238 

172 

3 

845 

220 

803 

10,885 

1,339 

1,863 



^ Includes small quantities of organic pesticides and agricultural chemicals, rubber-processing chemicals, and 
surface-active agents. 

Source: Compiled from the records of the U.S. Bureau of Customs. 



^ U.S. Tariff Commission, Imports of Coal-Tar Products, 1961, 1962 [processed]. 



214 



APPENDIXES 215 

Netherlands (290, 000 pounds), Canada (171, 000 pounds), and Sweden ( 169, 000 pounds). Smaller 
quantities came from Poland (15, 000 pounds) and Norway (4, 000 pounds). 

The most important individual intermediates imported in 1961 were phthalic anhydride, 
acetoacetanilide, Bisphenol A, adipic acid, 4, 4'-diamino-2, 2' -stilbenedisulfonic acid, and 
gamma acid. In 1961, imports of phthalic anhydride, which totaled 4. 9 million pounds, came 
principally from Japan, West Germany, and Italy; imports of acetoacetanilide, which amounted 
to 745, 000 pounds, came from the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and West Germany. Imports of 
Bisphenol A, which came from West Germany, totaled 686,000 pounds in 1961, and imports of 
adipic acid, which also came from West Germany, amounted to 496, 000 pounds. Imports of 
4, 4' -diamino-2, 2' -stilbenedisulfonic acid, which came principally from the United Kingdom and 
the Netherlands, totaled 456, 000 pounds. Imports of gamma acid, which totaled 393, 000 pounds, 
came from West Germany, Italy, France, and the Netherlands. Among the other important in- 
dividual chemicals imported, 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) came from Denmark 
and the United Kingdom; refined naphthalene, from West Germany, Japan, Switzerland, Canada, 
and Belgium; and anthraquinone, from the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and West Germany. 
Maleic anhydride came principally from Japan and Canada. West Gernnany was the source of all 
the H acid and benzidine hydrochloride. 

Imports in 1961 of all finished coal-tar products that are dutiable under paragraph 28 com- 
prised 2, 027 items, with a total weight of 12.4 million pounds and a foreign invoice value of 
$25. 9 million. In I960, imports consisted of 1, 770 items, with a total weight of 12. 3 million 
pounds and a foreign invoice value of $22. 2 million. In 1961, coal-tar dyes were the most im- 
portant group of finished coal-tar products imported. Imports of dyes amounted to $11.1 million 
(foreign invoice value), or 42. 6 percent of the value of all imports under paragraph 28. In I960, 
imports of dyes (excluding synthetic organic pigments) amounted to $7.6 million (foreign invoice 
value), or 34 percent of the value of all imports under paragraph 28. 

Imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals, the next most important group of products en- 
tered under paragraph 28 in 1961, were 22 percent larger in that year than in I960 and 12 percent 
larger than in 1959. In 1961, imports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals were valued at $10.9 
million (foreign invoice value), or 42 percent of total imports under paragraph 28. In I960, im- 
ports of medicinals and pharmaceuticals were valued at $10. 4 million, or 47 percent of total im- 
ports under paragraph 28. In 1961, imports of synthetic organic pigments (toners and lakes) 
were valued at $803, 000, compared with $562, 000 in I960. Imports of flavor and perfume ma- 
terials in 1961 ($1, 339, 000) were 9 percent greater than those in I960 ($ 1, 226, 000). In 1961, 
imports of other coal-tar products entered under paragraph 28 (chiefly synthetic resins) were 24 
percent smaller than in I960; imports of such products were valued at $1.9 million in 1961, 
compared with $2. 5 million in I960. 

B. Glossary of Synonymous Names of Cyclic Intermediates 

Many cyclic intermediates are known in the chemical industry and trade by a variety of 
names. Individuals in the industry and trade frequently are not acquainted with all the synony- 
mous names for a given product. To bring together the synonymous names for each product, 
the tables on intermediates in this report (table 7A in pt. II and table 7B in pt. Ill) show the 
standard name, in accordance with the system used by Chemical Abstracts; the standard name is 
frequently followed by the most common synonymous name in parentheses. 

In this report, as in previous reports in this series, the Tariff Commission has included 
a glossary of synonymous nannes of cyclic intermediates. This glossary, which was originally 
connpiled at the suggestion of the Industry Advisory Committee on Government Reports, is in- 
tended to serve principally as an index to the standard names used in the statistical tables on 
intermediates. The first column of the glossary lists alphabetically the common, or trivial, 
names usually encountered in the trade. The second column gives the corresponding standard 
(Chemical Abstracts) names, under which the data are presented in tables 7A and 7B. 



216 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names 



Gammon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Acedianthrone 

1,2-Acenaphthenedione 

A-Acetamido-2-amlnoplienol hydrochloride 

p-Acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

5-Acetamldo-2-hydroxybenzoic acid 

l-Acetamido-2-methoxynaphthalene 

l-Acetamido-2-naphthol 

l-Acetamldo-7-naphthol 

2-Acetamido-'i-nitrophenol 

5-Acetamido-orthanilic acid 

Acetanilide-p-sulfonic acid 

Acetanilid sulfon chloride 

Acetate leuco violet 

p-Acetoacetchloranilide 

Acetoacet-o-chloroanilide 

o-Acetoacetochloroanilide 

Acetoaceto-1-naphthylamide 

N-Acetoaoeto-1-naphthylamlne 

m-Acetoacetoxylidide 

Acetoacet-o-toluidlde 

Acetoacet-o-toluidine 

Acetoacetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetoacetyl benzidine 

Acetyl-p-amino-o-amlnophenol hydrochloride 

l-Acetyi-3-(4-ainino-m-anieyl)urea 

Aeetylamlno Cleve's acid 

N-Acetyl-l-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

Acetyl-o-anisidine 

Acetyl-p-anisidine 

Acetyldiaminoanthraquinone 

Acetyl-2,'<-diaminophenol hydrochloride 

Acetyl H acid 

Acetyl-ljA-naphthalenediamine-eCand 7)-sulfonic acids 

Acetyl-p-nitro-o-aminophenol 

Acetyl-m-phenylenediamine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine 

Acetyl-p-phenylenedi amine sulfate 

N*-Acetyl-N-'--2-pyrimidinylsulf anilamide 

Acetylsulfadiazine 

Acetylsulf amerazine 

Acetylsulf amethazine 

N'"' -Acetylsulf anilamide 

N*-Acetylsulf anilamide 

2-(N*-Acetylsulfanilamido)thiazole 

Acetylsulfathlazole 

N*-Aoetyl-2-sulfo-p-phenylenediamine 

N-Acetyl-o-toluldine 

1,2,A-Acid 

Ami chin 

m-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate 

m-Aminoacetophenone 

6-(p-Aminoanilino)metanilic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene 

Aminoazobenzene disulfo acid 

Aminoazobenzene-3,'i-disulf onic acid 

p-Aminoazobenzene hydrochloride 

Aminoazobenzene -m- sulfonic acid 

Aminoazobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Aminoazotoluene 

o-Aminoazotoluene sulfate 

A-Aminoazotoluene-'i-sulfonic acid and salt 

o-Aminoazotoluenesulfonic acid and salt 



Aceanthra[ 2,1-a] aceanthrylene-5,13-dione. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

3 '-Amino-'i '-hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride . 

N-Acetylsulf anilyl chloride . 

5-Acetamidosalicylic acid. 

N - ( 2 -Methoxy- 1-naphthy 1 ) ac et amide . 

N- (2-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl) acet amide . 

N- ( 7-Hydroxy-l-naphthyl ) acetamide . 

2 -Hydroxy-5 -nitroacetanllide. 

■i- Af.ptnTTii r^n-?-nTn^T1nhPTl7.pT1pf!1l^ ■f'nTl^ c. acid. 

N-Acetylsulfanilic acid. 

N-Acetylsulf anilyl chloride. 

1 , A-Di aniino- 2 , 3-dihydroanthraquinone . 

4-'-Chloroacetoacetanilide. 

2 ' -Chloroacetoacet ani lide . 

2'-Chloroacetoacetanillde. 

N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide. 

N-1-Naphthylacetoacetamide . 

2 j-i'-Acetoacetoxylidide. 
o-Acetoacetotoluidide . 

o- Acetoacetotoluidide . 

o-Acetoacetanisidide. 

4- ,4 -Biacetoacetanilide. 

3' -Amlno-'i' -hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 

l-Acetyl-3-(<4-amlno-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

5-Acetamido-5-amlno-2(and 3)-naphthalene6ulfonic acid. 

8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid. 

o-Acetanisidide, 

p-Acetanisidide . 

l,5(or 1,8 ) -Dlacetamidoanthraqulnone . 

3 -krdjiO-A -hydroxyacetanilide hydrochloride. 
8-Acetamido-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Acetamido-5-amino-2(and 3 ) -naphthalenesulf onic acid. 
2'-Hydroxy-5' -nitroacetanllide. 

3 '-Aminoacetanilide . 

^'-Aminoacetanilide . 

p-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

<+ '- (2-Pyrimidiiiylsulf amoyl) acetanilide . 

'i'-(2-PyTimidinylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

4.'_(^-Methyl-2-pyrimidinylsulfamoyl)acetanilide. 

4 -(4.,6-Dimethyl-2-pyrimidinylsulfamoyl) acetanilide. 

N-Sulf anilylacetamlde . 

4'-Sulf amoylacetanilide. 

•4' -( 2-Thiazolylsu If amoyl ) acetanilide . 

-^ '-( 2-Thiazolylsu If amoyl ) acetanilide . 

5-Acetamido-2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid. 

o-Acetotoluidide, 

l-Amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid. 

8-Amino-6-methoxyquinoline . 

3 '-Aminoacetanilide . 

A -Aminoacetanilide. 

4. '-Aminoacetanilide sulfate. 

3 -Aminoacetophenone . 

5-Amino-2-(p-aiiilnoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Phenylazoaniline . 

G-Amino-SjA'-azcxiiTbenzenesulfonic acid] . 

6-Amino-3,<i'-azodl[benzenesulfonic acid]. 

p-Phenylazoanlline hydrochloride. 

m-(p-Aminophenylazo)benzenesulfonic acid, 

p- (p-Aminophenylazo )benzenesulf onic acid . 

<;-(o-Tolylazo)-o-toluidine. [NH2=1] • 

-i-Co-Tolylazoj-o-toluidine sulfate. 

4-(4-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 
'i-(A-Amino-m-tolylazo)-m-toluenesulfonic acid and 

salt. 



J 



APPENDIX B 



217 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names --Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



Aminoazoxylenetoluidine 

p-Aminobenzenearsonic acid 

3-Amlnobenzenesulfonanilide 

"i-Amlnobenzenesulfonanilide 

m-Aminobenzenesulfonic acid 

p-Amlnobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Aminobenzoic acid 

m-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Aminobenzoyl I(or J) acid 

p-Amlnobenzoyl-m-phenylenediamine 

o-Amlnobiphenyl 

2-Aminobiphenyl 

A-Aminobiphenyl 

l-Amlno-A-bromoanthraquinone-2,5-disulfonic acid- 

l-Amino-2-bromo-'+-(p-toluidine)anthraquinone 

3-Amino-N-butyl-p-anisolesulfonamide 

p-Anilno-N-(n-butyl) phenol 

2-Amino-<i -chloroacetanilide 



5-Amlno-2-chlorobenzenesulfom.c acid- 
s' Amino-3-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid- 
S-Amino-'i-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid- 

2-Amino-'i— chlorobenzoic acid 

3-Amino-6-chlorobenzoio acid 

Aminochlorodiphenyl 

Amlnochlorodiphenyl ether- 
Aminochlorodiphenyl ether- 



CH3=1]- 
CH3=1]- 
CH3=1]- 
CH3=1]- 



2-Amino-3-chlorotoluene 
2-Amino-'i-chlorotoluene 
2 - Amino-5 -chlorotoluene 
2-Amlno-6-chlorotoluene 
2-Amino-5-chlorotoluene hydrochloride - 

m-Amlno-p-oresol [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresol methyl ether [CH3=l] 

3-Amino-p-cresyl methyl ether 

omega- Ami no-psi-cumene 

u-Amino-i/'-cumene 

Aminodichlorobenzenesulf onic acid 

2-Amino-l,'i-diethoxybenzene 

2-Amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride 

p- Aminoethylani line 

A-Amlno-l,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

2- Amino- 1 , •i-dimethoxybenzene 

p-Aminodimethylaniline 

p-Aminodimethylanillne sulfate 

2-Amlno-'i,6-dinitrophenol and salt 

o-Arainodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenyl 

p-Aminodiphenylamine 

A-Aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonlc acid 

Aminodiphenyl ether 

A-Aminoethoxyethylaniline 

Amino G acid 

2-Amino-A-hydroxybenzenearsonic acid 

Amino I{or J) acid 

p-Amino-N-isobutylphenol 

'i-Amlno-2-methylanisole [CH30=l] -— 

A-Amlno-4'-(3-methyl-5-pyTazolone)-2,2'-stilbenedl- 
eulfonlc acid. 

'V-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid 

2-Amlnonaphthalene-3,6,8-trisulfonic acid- 

8-Amino-l-naphthoic lactam 

l-itanlno-7-naphthol 

l-ABlno-8-naphthol-2,<i-dlsulfonlc acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid 

l-Amlno-8-naphthol-<i-,6-dl6ulfonlc acid 

2-Aiiilno-8-naphthol-3,6-dleulfonic acid 

4-AJBlno-5-n4phthol-l,3-dlsulfonlc acid 

658234 O - 62 - 15 



S03H=ll. 
S03H=1]. 
S03H=1]. 



4-(2,'i-Xylylazo)-o-toluidine [NH2=1]. 

Arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 

Metanilanilide . 

Sulf anilanilide. 

Metanilic acid [ SO3H = 1] . 

Sulfanilio acid [S03H=lJ. 

Anthranilic acid [COOH=l]. 

6-(m-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6-(p-Aminobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

2, A, 4 -Triaminobenzophenone. 

2-Biphenylamlne . 

2-Biphenylamine . 

4-Biphenylamine . 

5- Amino -8-bromo-l,6-anthraquinonedisulf onic acid. 

l-Amlno-2-bromo-A-(p-toluidino)anthraquinone. 

N-"- -Buty 1-4-methoxymet ani lamide [ SO2NH2 =1 ] . 

p-Buty laminophenol . 

^ -Chloroglycinanilide. 

6-Ghlorometanllio acid 

5-Chlorometanilic acid 

A-Chlorometanilic acid 

A-Chloroanthranilic acid [C00H=1 ]. 

5-Amlno-2-chlorobenzoic acid. 

Chloro-2-(or 3, or -i ) -biphenylamlne . 

5-Chloro-2-phenoxyaniline . 

p-(p-Chlorophenoxy) aniline 

6-Chloro-o-toluidine [ NH2=ll. 

S-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1 . 

"i-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=1 . 

3-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

-i-Chloro-o-toluidine hydrochloride . 

2-Amino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidlne [NH2=1]. 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l] . 

2,'4-Dijnethylbenzylamine . 

2,A-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid. 

2,5 -Diethoxyani line . 

N ,N'-Diethyltoluene-2,5-diamine hydrochloride. 

N, N-Diethyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

A - Aminox anthopu rpu rin . 

2 , 5 -Dimethoxy ani line . 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamlne. 

N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamlne sulfate. 

Picramlc acid and salt. 

2-Biphenylamine . 

4-Biphenylamine . 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine . 

5-Amino-2-anllinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

p-Phenoxy aniline . 

2-(p-Amino-N-ethylanillno)ethanol. 

7- Amino- 1,3-naphthalenedlsulf onic acid. 

"i-Hydroxy-o-arsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 

6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisuLfonic acid. 

(p-Isobutylamlno)phenol. 

3-Methyl-p-anisidine [NH2=i]. 

4'-Amlno-'i'-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-2,2'- 

stilbenedisulfonic acid. 
Naphthionic acid. 

7-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 
Naphthostyril. 
8-Amlno-2-naphthol. 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-dlsulfonlc acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 



218 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



/;-Aiiilno-5-naphthol-l,7-dlsulfonic acid 

5-Ajid.no-i-naphthol-2,7-dlsulfonic acid 

6-Ainino-4-naphthol-2,7-dlsulfonic acid 

l-Amino-8-naphthol-A-suIfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-naphthol-7-sulfonic acid 

2-Amino-6-naphthol-8-sulfonic acid 

2-ABiino-8-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid 

A-Araino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonlc acid 

A-Aiiiino-5-naphthol-l-sulfonic acid 

6-Amino-<i-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

7-Aniino-3-naphthol-l-sulfonlc add 

7-Amlno-4-naphthol-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Jtaino-4--nltroanisole [ CH3O = 1 ] 

2-Amlno-5-nltroanisole 

2-Amlno-6-nitroanisole 

<i-Amino-3-nitroam.sole 

4-Amlno-'i-nltrodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-<i-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

2-Aminophenetole [C2H50=l] 

Aminophenol sulf amide 

o-Aminophenol-p-sxilfonamide 

o-Minophenol-p-sulfonic acid 

m-Aminophenylcarboxypyrazolone 

l-(m-Aminophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

Aminophenylphenyl ether 

m-Aminophenylpyrazolonecarboxylic acid 

l-(m-Aminoplienyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid--- 

p-Aminophenyl-p-tolylaminesulfonic acid 

2-Amlno-4-(3H)-pyrimidone 

Amino R acid 

5-Aminosaligenin-2-methyl ether 

6-Amino-3- (p-toluenesulf one ) amlno-4-methoxytoluene' 

3'-Amlno-(p-toluenesulfone)ethoxytoluene 

2-Aminotoluene-5-sulfonic acid 

N-C'V-Amino-m-tolylj-p-qulnone tmine 

(i)-Amino-l,2,'i-trlmethylbenzene 

Amlnoviolanthrene 

Amylnaphthalenes 

o-Amylphenol 

p-sec-Amylphenol 

p-tert-Amylphenol 

Anillne-2,'i-disulfonic acid 

Aniline-2,5-disulfonic acid 

Aniline oil 

Aniline salt 

Aniline-m- sulfonic acid 

Aniline-p-sulfonic acid 

Aniline-omega-sulfonic acid 

4-Anillno-A'-hydroxydiphenylamine 

6-Anllinometanllic acid 

2-Aniside-<i-acetylurea 

o-Anisidine nitrate 

2-Anisidine-4-sulfobutylamide 

o-Anisldine-p-sulfonic acid 

2-(m-Anlsyl)-4-chloroanthraiillic acid 

N-(p-Anisyl)-'i-chloroanthranilic acid 

N-(m-Anlsyl)-A-chloroanthranillc acid 

(x-(p-Anisyl)-a-ethyl-p-methoxyacetophenone 

a-(p-Anisyl)-p-methoxyacetophenone 

N-(p-Anisyl)-'4-nitroanthranllic acid 

N-(p-Anisyl)-p-phenylenediamine 

1,2-Anthrapyridine 

Anthraquinonylaminoanthraquinone 

l,<i,9,10-Anthratetrol - - 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonlc acid. 
8-Ainlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlc acid. 
g-Amlno-l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid. 
6-Anilno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

•Ajnlno-2-naphthol-<i-sxilfonlc acid. 

■Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid. 

•Amlno-2-naphthol-4--sulfonlc acid. 

•Amino-l-naphthol-S-sulfonlc acid. 

•Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

Amino -2 -naphthol -4 -sulfonic acid. 

Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 



•Nltro-o-anlsidine 
•Nitro-o-anisldine 
•Nitro-o-anisidine 
■Nitro-p-anisldlne 



NH2=l]- 
'NH2=i]. 

NH2=l]. 

NH2=l]. 
(p-Aminoanillno)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid. 
•Aniino-4-nltro-l-phenol-2-sulfonlc acid. 
•Phenetidine [NH2=l]. 
•Amino- l-phenol-4-sulfonamlde . 
•Amino-l-phenol-4-sulf onamide . 
•Amlno-l-phenol-4— sulfonic acid. 
■(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
- (m-Aminophenyl)-3-raethyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one . 

■Phenoxyaniline . 
■(m-Aminophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 

-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxyllc 



1- (m-Aminophenyl 

acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 

Isocytoslne. 

3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonlc acid. 

5-Amino-2-methoxybenzyl alcohol. 

4-'-Amino-5'-methyl-p-toluenesulfon-o-anlsidide 

3-Methyl-N-(p-toluenesulfono)-p-phenetiiine. 

A-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 

N- (4- Araino-m-tolyl ) -p-benzoquinone Imine . 

2 , 4-Dimethylbenzylamine . 

16-Aminoviolanthrone . 

Pentylnaphthalenes . 

o-Pentylphenol. 

p- ( 1-Methylbutyl )phenol . 

p- ( 1 , l-Dlmethylpropyl ) phenol . 

4-Amino-m-benzenedisulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-p-benzenedisulfonlc acid. 

Aniline. 

Aniline hydrochloride. 

Metanillc acid [SOaH^l]. 

Sulfanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anlllnomethanesulfonic acid. 

p-(p-Anilinoanilino)phenol. 

5-Amino-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetyl-3-(4-ajnino-3-methoxyphenyl)urea. 

^(or 5)-Nitro-o-anleidlne [NH2=1]. 

N-'--Butyl-<i-methoxymetanilamide. 

'V-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l] 



C00H=11 . 
C00H=1] , 
C00H=1] , 



4-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranlllc acid 
A-Chloro-N- (p-methoxyphenyl ) anthranillc acid 
<;-Chloro-N-(m-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid ^ 
2-Ethyl-4' -methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 
4' -Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 
N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-4-nltroanthranilic acid. 
N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-p-phenylenedi amine. 
Naphtho [2,3-h] quinollne . 
l,l'-Irainodianthraquinone. 
Leucoquinlzarin. 



APPENDIX B 



219 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



A-Antipyrlnecarboxylic acid 

p,p'-Azobis(N,N-dimethylaniline hydrochloride) 

4-,4'-Azobisd ipheny lamine 

Azohydroxy aniline 

Azoxyaniline 

m,m'-Azoxybisaniline 

Benzal chloride 

Benzaldehydedisulfonic acid 

Benzaldehydemonosulfonic acid 

l-(4-Benzamido-l-anthraquinonylimino)-5-benzamido- 

anthraquinone . 
2-[3-(A-Benzamido-2,5-diethoxyphenyl)-l-methyldiazo 

amino ]ethanesu If onic acid. 
N- ('i-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl ) -N-methyldlazo- 

taurine. 
3- (4- Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl )-3-su If oe thyl-1- 

methyltriazene . 
[ 3-(A-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyldiazo- 

aminol acetic acid. 
[ 3-('4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-N-methyldiazo]- 

glycine. 

Benz anthrone 

Benzanthronedianthraquinonyldiimide 

Benzeneazobenzene 

Benzene- 1,3-dicarboxylic acid 

p-Benzenedicarboxylic acid 

1,3,5-Benzenetriol 

Benzidine disulfonic acid 

2,2'-Benzidinedisulfonic acid 

Benzidine sulfonic acid 

Benz [cdlindol-2(lH) -one 

Benzocaine (nonmedlcinal grade) 

2-Benzofurylcyanomethyl ketone 

2H-l-Benzopyran-2-one 

1,2-Benzopyrone 

Benzotrlchloride 

Benzoylacetanilide 

a-Benzoylacetanillde 

l-Benzoylamino-'4-aminoanthraquinone 

2-BenZoylamlno-l,<i-diethoxybenzene 

2-Benzoylamino-l,<i-dimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrodimethoxybenzene 

5-Benzoylamino-2-nitrohydroquinone, diethyl ester-- 

Benzoyl J acid 

2-Benzoylthiophene 

j)(-Benzylacetamide 

ra-Benzyl-p-aminophenol hydrochloride 

Benzyl chloride 

o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol 

Benzyl cyanide 

N-Benzyl-ethylaniline 

N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-p-nitrosoaniline 

3-Benzyl-7-hydroxy-A-methylcouniarln 

Benzylidineacetophenone 

A-Benzylidineaminoantipyrine 

Benzyl mercaptan 

p-Benzylphenylcarbamate 

p,p'-Biacetoacetanilide 

Bibenzal 

Bibenzoyl 

Bibenzylidene 

o-Bipheny lamine 

Biphenylene oxide 

p,p'-Bis(acetoacetanilide) 



Antipyric acid. 

p-Dimethylaminobenzenediazonium chloride . 
p-Anillnobenzenediazonium chloride, 
p- (p-Aminophenylazo)phenol . 
3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 
3,3' -Azoxydianiline. 



a,a-Dichlorotoluene . 

4— Formyl-m-benzenedisulf onic acid . 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 

4,5' -Dibenzamido-l, l' -iminodianthraquinone . 

2- [3- (4-Benzaniido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl )-l-methy 1- 

triazen-3-yllethanesulfonlc acid. 
2- [3- (4-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl )-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 
2- [3- (4-Benzamido-2, 5-diethoxyphenyl )-l-methyl- 

triazen-3-yl] ethanesulf onic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-5-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
[3-(4-Benzamido-6-methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen- 

3-yl] acetic acid. 
7H-Benz[de] anthracen-7-one . 
3,9-Bis [l-anthraquinonylamino] -7H-benz [de] anthracen- 

7-one . 
Azobenzene . 
Isophthalic acid. 
Terephthalic acid. 
Phloroglucinol . 

4,4^-Diamino-2,2^-biphenyldisulfonic acid. 
4,4 -Diamino-2,2 -blphenyldisulfonic acid. 
4,4 -Diamino-3-biphenylsulfonic acid. 
Haphthostyrll. 

p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
2-Benzofuranacetonitrile . 
Coumarin. 
Coumarin. 

a, a, a -Trichlorotoluene . 
2-Benzoylacetanilide. 
2-Benzoylacetanilide . 
l-Amino-4-benzamidoanthraquinone . 
2 ',5 '-Diethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 
2 ', 5 '-Dlmethoxy-4 '-nitrobenzanilide . 
2 ', 5 '-Diethoxy-4 '-nltrobenzanillde . 
6-Benzamido-l-naphthql-3-sulfonic acid, 
Phenyl-2-thienyl ketone. 
Hydrocinnamamide . 

4-Amino- a-phenyl-m-cresol hydrochloride. 
a-Chlorotoluene . 

4-Chloro-a-phenyl-o-oresol [ OH=l] . 
Phenylacetonitrile. 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamlne . 
N-Ethyl-N-(p-nitrosophenyl)benzylamine. 
3-Benzyl-4-methyluinbelllf erone . 
Chalcone . 

4-Benzylideneiminoantipyrine . 
a-Toluenethlol . 
a-Phenyl-p-cresol carbamate. 
4',4 ' "-Biacetoacetanilide . 
Stilbene . 
Benzil. 
Stilbene. 
2-Biphenylamlne . 
Dlbenzofuran . 
4 ',4 " '-Biacetoacetanilide . 



220 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N,N'-Bis(acetoacetyl)benzidine 

l,3-Bis('4-biphenyl)-2-thiourea 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)aniline - 

N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl-m-toluidine) 

2,2'-Bis('i-hydroxyphenyl)propane 

N,N'-Bis-6-(l-naphthol-3-sulfonic aoid)urea- 

Blsphenol A 

Bisphenol B 

Bisphenol C 

Bisphenol G 

3,3'-Bitolylene-4,'4'-diisocyanate 



B.O.N 

Broenner's acid 

Bromamine acid 

p-Bromoacet amidoanthraquinone 

Bromobenzanthrone 

2-Bromobiphenylene oxide 

p- Broraomethy laminoanthraquinone 

A-Bromo-N-raethyl-l,9-anthrapyridone- 



a-Brorao-p-nit roacetophenone 

Bromoquinizarin 

o-(3-Bromo-p-tolyl)benzoic acid 

6-tert-Butyl-2,4-dimethylacetophenone 

n-Butyl-p-nitrobenzoate 



p-Carboxybenzenesulfonamide 

3-Carboxy-<i-hydroxyacetanilide 

3-(Carboxyraethyl)-l-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3- 

methy It ri azene . 

(o-Carboxyphenyl) acetic acid 

Cassella acid 

Chicago acid 

Chlorinated cresols 

2-Chloro-3-acetaniino-9,10-anthrahydroquinone acid 

ester. 

2-Chloro-3-acetaminoanthraquinone 

2-Chloro-3-acetaralno-9,10-dihydroxyanthracene-9,10- 

disulfonic acid ester. 

o-Chloroacet oacet ani lide 

Chloroacetylarsanllic acid 

5-Chloro-2-aminoanisole [CH30=l] 

A-Chloro-2-amino-6-benzenesulfonic acid 

6-Chloro-3-aminobenzotrifluoride 

Chloroaminophenol 

2-Chloro-'4-aminotoluene [CH3=1] 

3-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [CH3=1] 

5-Chloro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3=1] 

m-Chloroanlline-o-sulfonIc acid 

p-Chloroanillne-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Chloroaniline-o-suLfonic acid 

"i-Chloro-o-anisldine [ CH30=1] — 

5-Chloro-o-anisidine [ CH30=1] - 

3-Chloro-2-anthracenecarboxyllc acid 

2-Chloroanthraquinone-3-carboxylic acid 

Chloroarsaoetin 

2-Chlorobenzaldehyde-5-sulfonic acid 

<i-Chlorobenzaldehyde-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Chloro-S-benzamideantliraquinone 

Chlorobenzanthrone 

-i-Chlorobenzotrifluoride 

Chlorobenzyl cyanide 

l-Chloro-2-carboxyanthraquinone 

p-Chloro-m-cresol [ CH3=1] 

2-Chloro-l,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

Chloro H acid 

5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline 

3-Chloro-3'-methoxy-6-dlphenylamineoarboxylic acid-- 



A',A" '-Biacetoacetanilide . 

4 , A ' -Diphenylthioc arbani lide . 

2, 2 ' - ( Phenyltmlno )diethanol . 

2,2'- (m-Tolylimino ) diethanol . 

4-,4'-Isopropylidlnediphenol. 

6,6'-Ureylenebis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid ]. 

<i,4-'-Isopropylidinediphenol. 

2,2 '-Bis (<4-hydroxyphenyl) butane . 

A, 4 -Isopropylldinedi-o-cresol. 

A,A'-Isopropylidinebis [2-isopropylphenol] . 

Isocyanlc acid, (3,3 '-dimethyl -4-, -i '-biphenylene ester. 

3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

l-Amino-4-brQmo-2-anthraquinonesulfonic acid. 

l-Acetamido-'i-bromoanthraquinone . 

3-Bromo-7H-benz [de] anthraoen-7-one . 

2-Bromodibenzofuran. 

4-Bromo-l-methylaminoanthraquinone . 

6-Bromo-3-methyl-7H-dibenz[f,ij]lsoquinoline-2,7(3H)- 

dione. 
2-Bramo-'V '-nltroacetophenone. 
2-Bromoquinizarin. 

3 '-Bromo-'^ '-methyl-2-biphenylcarboxylic acid. 
2 '-tert-Butyl-'i ',6 '-dimethylacetophenone . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-butyl ester. 



p-Sulfamoylbenzoic acid. 

5-Acetamidosalicylio acid. 

N- ( 5 -Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

a -Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonlc acid. 
Cresols, chlorinated. 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradlol- 

9,10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2-Acetainido-3-chloroanthraqiiinone . 
2-Acetamido-3-chloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-anthradiol-9, 

10-disulfonic acid, diethyl ester. 
2' -Chloroacetoacetanilide. 
N-Acetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [ As03H2=l] . 
A-Chloro-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
5-Chlorometanilic acid [ S03H=l] . 
6-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-m-toluidine [NH2=1] • 
2-Amino-'4-chlorophenol . 
3-Chloro-p-toluldine rNH2=l]. 
6-Chloro-o-toluidine NH2=l] • 
A-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]- 
2-Amino-6-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
6-Chlorametanilic acid. 
2-Amino-5-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-anisidine [ NH2 =1 ] . 
4-Chloro-o-anlsidine [NH2=l]. 
3-Chloro-2-anthroic acid. 
3-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
N-Aoetyl-2-chloroarsanilic acid [As03H2=l]. 
4-Chloro-3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-2-formylbenzenesulfonic acid. 
l-Benzamido-5-chloroanthraquinone. 
Chloro-7H-benz [de] anthracen-7-one. 
<;-Chloro-«,a,a-trifluorotoluene. 
(p-Chlorophenyl)acetonitrile. 
l-Chloro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid. 
6-Chloro-m-cresol [OH=l] . 
2-Chloroquinizarin . 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-8-quinolinol . 
4-Chloro-N-(in-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid [C00H=1]. 



APPENDIX B 



221 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous wawes— Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



3-Chloro-4.'-methoxy-6-diphenylaminecarboxyllc acid 

ix-Chloro-2-methoxy-5-nitrotoluene 

[3-(5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-l-raethyldlazoaiiiino] - 
acetic acid. 

Chloromethylanthraquinone 

o-Chloro-p-nitro aniline 

p-Chloro-o-nitro aniline 

Chloro-o-nitrobenzene 

■i-Chloro-S-nitrobenzotrifluoride 

A-Chloro-2-nitro-l-phenol-6-sulfonic acid 

<i-Chloro-2-nltrophenyl ether 

2-Chlorophenol 

<i-Chlorophenol 

Chlorophenylhydrazine-p-sulfonlc acid 

l-(m-Chlorophenyl)*-3 -methyl -5 -pyrazolone 

2-Chloro-o-phenyl phenol 

l-{6-Chloro-'4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

l-(2-Chloro-'4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

l-(6-Chloro-3-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone 

o-Chloro-p-toluene sodium sulfonate 

'i-Chlorotoluene-2-suLfonic acid 

m-Chlorotoluenethioglycolic acid 

A-Chloro-o-toluidine [CH3=l] - -- 

5-Chloro-2-toluidine [CH3=l] 

5-Chloro-o-toluidine [CHs^l] — 

o-Chloro-m-toluidine-p-sulfonlc acid 

2-Chloro-p-toluldine-5-sulfom.c acid 

2-Chloro-5-toluldlne-4-sulfonic acid 

A-Chloro-o-tolylmercaptoacetic acid 

l-(5-Chloro-o-tolyl)-3-methyl-3-triazeneacetlc acid — 

Chlorotolylthioglycolic acid 

Chloro-sym-xylenol 

Chloroxylidenesulfonic acid 

'♦-Chloro-2,5-xylylmercaptoaoetic acid 

Chromotropic acid 

Cinnamene 

1,6-Cleve 's acid 

1,7-Cleve's acid - 

Cleve's acid, mixed 

m-Cresidine 

Cresldlne or p-Cresldine 

m-Cresol methyl ether 

m-Cresolsulfonic acid 

o-Cresotic acid 

Y-Cresotlc acid 

o-Cresotinic acid 

Cresyldisulfide 

m-Cresyl methyl ether 

Cumaldehyde 

psi-Cumene 

psi-Cumidine 

Cumlnaldehyde 

2-CyanopyTidine 

3-CyanopyFidine 

A-Cyanopyridine 

Dahl's acid — - 

Dehydrothlo-p-toluidlne 

Desoxyanisoin 

Developer Z 

3,6-Dlaminoacridine 



'i-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid. 

2-(Chloromethyl)-<i-nitroanisole [CH30=d] . 

N- ( 5-Chloro-2-methoxyphenylazo ) -N-methylglycine . 

l-Chloro-2-methylanthraquinone . 
2-Chloro -4— nitro aniline. 
'i-Chloro-2-nitroaniline. 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
4-Chloro-a,a,a-trifluoro-3-nitrotoluene. 
'4-Chloro-6-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulf onic acid . 
l-('i-Chloro-2-nitrophenoxy)benzene. 
o-Chlorophenol . 
p-Chlorophenol . 

'4-Chloro-3-hydrazinobenzenesuLf onic acid . 
l-(m-Chlorophenyl)-3-methyl-2-pyrazolln-5-one. 
2-Chloro-5-phenylphenol. 

5-Chloro-'i-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
•4-Chloro-3-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyra20lin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid, sodium salt [S03H=l]. 
5-Chloro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(■l-Chloro-o-tolylthio ) acetic acid . 
5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NH2=l]. 
"NH2=1]. 
NH2=ll. 



S03H=1]. 
S03H=1]. 
S03H=1] . 



A-Chloro-o-toluldine 

'i-Chloro-o-toluldine 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

6-Amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

2-Amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

('V-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 

N- (5-Chloro-o-tolyl ) -N-methylglycine . 

(A-Chloro-o-tolylthio) acetic acid. 

A-Chloro-3, 5-xylenol . 

6-Amino-3-chloro-2,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

(4-Ghloro-2,5-xylylthio) acetic acid. 

■4, 5-Dihydroxy-2, 7-naphthalenedlsulf onic acid . 

Styrene . 

5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 

8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Methyl-p-anlsidine [ NH2=l] • 

5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] . 

m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 

5 -Hydroxy-m- toluene sulfonic acid [ S03H=l]. 

2,3-Cresotic acid. 

2,'i-Cresotic acid. 

2,3-Cresotic acid. 

p-Tolyl disulfide. 

m-Methylanisole [CH30=l]. 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 

1,2,'i-Trimethylbenzene. 

2,'i,5-Trimethylaniline. 

p-Isopropylbenzaldehyde . 

Picolinonitrile. 

Nicotinonitrile . 

Isonicotinonitrlle . 



5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-(p-Amlnophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole. 
A '-Methoxy-2- (p-methoxyphenyl ) acetophenone . 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one. 
Proflavine base. 



658234 O - 62 - le 



222 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



m-Diaminoanisole 

3,3'-Diaminoazoxybenzene 

2,2 '-Diamino-5,5'-bi-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

4,4 '-Diamino-1,1' -dianthraquinonylamine 

'V,'i'-Diamino-l,l'-dianthrimide 

Diamino-'i,'4 '-dibenzoyl-1,1 -dianthraquinoneimine 

Diamino-4,5'-dibenzoyl-l,l' -dianthraquinonylamine 

l,'4-Diamino-2,3-dihydroxyanthraquinone 

3,6-Diamino-2,7-dimethylacridine hydrochloride 

<4,<*'-Diamino-2,2'-dimethylbiphenyl 

4,4'-Diamino-2,2 -dimethyldiphenylmethane 

4,4- -Diaminodiphenyl 

4.4 '-Diaminodiphenylamine-2-sulf onic acid 

p,p -Diaminodiphenylmethane 

p , p -Di aminodipheny Isu Ifide 

3.3 -Diaminodiphenyl urea 

Di(p-aminophenyl) sulfide 

l,3-Di(m-aminophenyl)urea 

2,6-Diarainotoluene-4-sulfonic acid 

Diamylphenol 

l,5-Dianilinoanthraquinone-o,o' -dicarboxylic acid 

o-Dianisidine 

l,2-Di-p-anisyl-l,2-ethanediol 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexane 

2,4-Di(p-anisyl)-3-ethylhexene 

a,p-Dianisylglycol 

3,4-Di(p-anlsyl)hexane 

1,1 '-Dianthraquinoneimine 

1,1 '-Dianthraquinonylamine 

Dianthrimide 

Diazoaminobenzene 

Diazobenzene chloride 

4 . 5 -Dibenzamido- 1,1'- aminodi anthr aquinone 

5 , 5 -Dibenzamido- 1 , 1 • -iminodianthraquinone- 

Dibenzanthrone 

2 , 2 -Dibenzanthronyl 

13,13-Dibenzanthronyl 

Dibenzopyran 

Dibenzopyrrole 

Dibenzoyl 

4,5-Dibenzoylamidodianthraquinonylamine 

4.4 -Dibenzoyldiamino-l,l'-dianthrimide 

Dibenzyl ' 

Dibenzyl aniline 

Dibenzyl disulphide 

Dibenzyl ether 

Dibenzyl sodium sulfanilate 

Dlbromoaminoanthraqulnone 

7,16-Dibromd-6,15-dihydro-5,9,14,18-anthrazinetetrone 

p-Dibromodihydroxynaphthalene 

2,6-Dibromo-l,5-dihydroxynaphthalene 

4,5-Dibromo-l,8-dihydroxynaphthalene 

1,4-Dichloro aniline 

2,5-Dlchloroaniline-4-sulfonlc acid 

l,5-Dlchloro-4,8-anthraquinonedisulfonlc acid 

l,8-Dichloro-4,5-anthraqulnonedisulfonic acid 

2,6-Dichlorobenzalchloride 

o,o'-Dichlorobenzidine 

3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine base 

m,m'-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzyl chloride 

2,4-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,6-Dichlorobenzylidene chloride 

2,5-Dichlorophenylhydrazinesulfonic acid 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxyllc acid 



5-Methoxy-m-phenylenediamine . 

3,3 '-Azoxydianiline. 

2,2'-Diamino-5,5 -dimethyl-3,3 -biphenyldisulfonic 

acid. 
1,1 -Imlnobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] . 
1,1 -Iminobis[4-aminoanthraquinone] . 
1,1 -Iminobis[4-benzamidoanthraquinone]. 
4,5 -Dibenzamido-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
1,4-Diaminohystazarin. 
Acridine yellow. 
m-Tolidine . 

4,4 -Methylenedi (m-toluidine ) . 
Benzidine. 

5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
4,4'-Methylenedianiline. 
4,4 -Thiodianiline. 

3.3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 

4.4 -Thiodianiline. 

3,3 -Diaminocarbanilide. 

3,5-Diamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid. 

2,4-Dipentylphenol. 

l,5-Dianilino-2,6-anthraquinonedicarboxylic acid. 

3,3 '-Dimethoxybenzidine . 

1, 2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl ) - 1, 2-ethanediol . 

2,4-Di(p-raethoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexane. 

2,4-Di(p-methoxyphenyl)-3-ethylhexene. 

1, 2-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )-l, 2-ethanediol. 

3,4-Di (p-methoxyphenyl )hexane . 

1,1'- Iminodi anthr aquinone . 

1,1 -Iminodianthraquinone. 

1,1 -Iminodianthraquinone. 

1, 3-Diphenyltriazene . 

Benzenediazonium chloride. 

4.5 -Dibenzamido-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
1,1 -Imlnobis[5-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 
Viol anthr one . 

(4,4^-Bi-7H-benz[de] anthracen)-7,7^-dione. 
(3,3'-Bi-7H-benz[de]anthracen)-7,7'-dione. 
Xanthene^ 
Carbazole. 
Benzil. 

4,5 '-Dibenzamido-1,1 -iminodianthraquinone. 
l,l'-Iminobis [4-benzamidoanthraquinone] . 
Bibenzyl. 

N-Phenyldlbenzylamine . 
Benzyl disulfide. 
Benzyl ether. 

N,N-Dibenzylsulfanilic acid, sodium salt. 
l-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone . 
7, 16-Dibromoindanthrene . 
4,5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 
2,6-Dibromo-l,5-naphthalenediol. 
4,5-Dibromo-l,8-naphthalenediol. 
2 , 5-Dichloroaniline . 
2,5-Dichlorosulfanilic acid [S03=l]. 
4,8-Dichloro-l,5-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid. 
4,5-Dichloro-l,8-anthraquinonedisulfonic acid, 
a , a , 2 , 6-Tetrachlorotoluene . 
'i,'i' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
3,3' -Dichlorobenzidine . 
2, 2 '-Dichlorobenzidine hydrochloride, 
a, 2 ,4-Trichlorotoluene . 
a, a,2,4-Tetrachlorotoluene. 

tx, a, 2, 6-Tetrachlorotoluene. j 

2,5-Dichloro-4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid. I 

l-(2,5-Dichlorophenyl) -5-oxo-2-pyrazollne-3-carboxylic " 
acid. 



J 



APPENDIX B 



223 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2,5-Dlchloro-'i-sulfobenzenedlazohydroxide 

l-(2,5-Dlchloro-4-sulfophenyl)-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone- 

2,'i-Dlchloro-5-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-l-naphthol 

Dlcresyldisulfide 

Dicyclohexyl 

Diethanolanillne 

Dlethanol-m-toluldlne 

l,<i-Diethoxybenzene 

N-(2,5-Dlethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)benzamlde 

N-(2,5-Diethoxyphenol)benzamlde 

Dlethylanlline-m-sulfonic acid 

Diformyl-m-tolylenediamlne 

1,2-Dlhydroacenaphthylene 

9,10-Dlhydroacrldlne 

l,<i-Dlhydro-'4-oxo-2,6-pyTidlnedicarboxyllc acid 

1,3-Dlhydroxyanthraqulnone 

1,4-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

1,5-Dil^roxyanthraqulnone 

1,8-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

2,6-Dihydroxyanthraqulnone 

2,A-Dlhydroxybenzolc acid 

Dlhydroxybiphenyl 

2,3-Dihydroxy-l,'4-diamlnoanthraquinone 

Dlhydroxydibenzanthrone 

5,5 '-Dthydroxydi-2-naphthylamine-7,7 '-disulfonlc acid 

IjS-Dlhydroxy-'ijS-dlnltroanthraqulnone 

p,p '-Dlhydroxydiphenyldimethylmethane 

i,,U -Dlhydroxydlphenylsulfone 

5,5-Dlliydroxy-7,7'-dlsulfonic-2,2'-dlnaphthylamlne— - 

Dlhydroxyethylanlline 

N,N-Dl(p-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Dlhydroxyethyl-3-toluidine 

N,N-Di(P-hydroxyethyl)-m-toluldlne — 

3' ,A' -Dlhydroxy-2-methylaminoacetophenone 

1,5-Dlhydroxynaphthalene 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene 

l,8-Dlhydroxynaphthalene-3,5-dlsulfonlc acid 

l,8-Dihydroxynaphthalene-4-sulfonlc acid 

2,3-Dihydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonlc acid 

P-Di-p-hydroxyphenylpropane 

7,8-Diketoaoenaphthene 

2 , 3 -Dime thoxybenz aldehyde 

3,4-Dimethoxybenzaldehyde 

o-Dimethoxybenzene 

1,2-Dimethoxybenzene 

3,3 '-Dlmethoxybenzidine-4,A'-diisocyanate 

A,<i' -Dimethoxybenzoin 

p,p'-Dimethoxybenzoylphenylcarbinol 

3,'i-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol 

3,3 '-Dlmethoxy-4,A '-blphenylbis [3-methyl-3- 

triazeneethanesulfonic acid] . 
N,N'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,'i'-blphenylenebisazo)bis(N- 

methyltaurine) . 
2,2'-[3,3'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-';,A'-biphenylene)bis(l- 

methyldiazoamino)] di(ethanesulfonic acid). 
l,l'-(3,3'-Dimethoxy-';,';'-biphenylene)bis(3-methyl-3- 

(sulfoethyl)trlazene) . 

Di-p-methoxyethylchalcone 

■4,4' -Diraethoxy-a-hydroxy-a-phenylacetone 

N- ( 2, O-Dlmethoxy-A-nltrophenyl )benzamide 

N-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)benzamide 

Dimethylacetanlllde 

Diraethylarainoacetylcatechol 

'i-Dimethylamino-2,3-dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5- 

one. 



2,6-Dlchloro-'i-hydroxydiazobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Dlchloro-';-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolln-l-yl) 

benzenesulfonic acid. 
N- (6, 8-Dlchloro-5-hydroxy-l-naphthyl) -p-toluene- 

suLfonamlde [ S02NH2=1] . 
p-Tolyl disulfide. 
Bicyclohexyl. 

2,2 ^-(Phenyllmlno)diethanol. 
2,2 '-(m-Tolyllmino)dlethanol. 
p-Dlethoxybenzene . 
2 ',5 '-Diethoxy-^ '-nitrobenzanlllde. 
2 ,5 -Diethoxybenzanilide . 
N.N-Diethylmetanlllc acid [S03H=l]. 
N*,N'-Dlformyltoluene-2,5-dlamine [CH3=1] . 
Acenaphthene . 
Acrldan. 

Chelidamic acid. 
Xanthopu rpu rin . 
Quinizarin. 
Anthraiufin. 
Chrysazln. 
Anthraflavlc acid. 
P-Resorcylic acid, 
Biphenol. 

1,'^-Dlamlnohyetazarin. 
16, 17-Dihydroxyviolanthrone . 
6,6 -Tminobis^ l-naphthol-3-sulf onie acid], 
A , 8-Dlnlt roanthraruf in . 
<i,'i^-Isopropylidenedlphenol. 
4,4 ^-Sulf onyldlphenol. 

6,6^-Imlnobls[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid). 
2 , 2/- ( Phenylimino ) diethanol . 
2 , 2' - ( Phenyllmino ) diethanol . 
2,2'-(m-Tolylimino)diethanol. 
2,2'- (m-Tolyllmlno ) diethanol . 
Adrenalone . 

1 , 5-Naphthalenediol . 

2,3-Naphthalenediol. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfanic acid. 

4,5-Dihydroxy-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

6,7-Dihydroxy-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid . 

4,4'- Isopropylidlnediphenol . 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

o-Veratraldehyde . 

Veratraldehyde . 

Veratrole. 

Veratrole. 

Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dlmethoxy-4,4'-blphenylene 
ester. 

p-Anlsoin. 

p-Anisoin. 

Veratryl alcohol. 

3,3 '-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-raethyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltrlazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

3,3'-Dimethoxy-4,4'-bis[ 3-methyl-3-sulfoethyltriazen- 
1-yl] biphenyl. 

a-Ethyl-4,4'-dimethoxychalcone. 

p-Anisoln. 

2 ', 5' -Dlmethoxy-4 '-nitrobenzanlllde . 

2 ',5 '-Dimethoxybenzanilide. 

Acetoxylidide. 

3 ',4 '-Dihydroxy-2-dimethylaminoacetophenone. 

Arainopyrine . 



224 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Commoii name 



N,N-Dimethyl-3-aininophenol 

Dimethylaniline 

Dimethylbenzene 

2 'jA-Dimethylbenzenesulfonanilide 

2,2'-Dimethylbenzidine 

3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine 

2,<t-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylaoetophenone — 

l,3-Dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene 

2,7-Dimethylceroxanol 

Dimethyldianthraquinonyl 

2,2'-J)imethyl-l,l-dianthraqainonylanilne 

DimethyLhydroresorcinol 

3 , 3 '-Dimethy 1-4 , A- '-methylenedipheny 1 i s ocy anat e - 



Dimethyl-a-naphthylamine 

2,3-Dimethyl-5-oxo-l-phenyl-3-pyTazoline-4-oarboxylio 

acid. 

2,3-Dimethyl-l-phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

2,7-Dimethylquinoline 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,l',2',3'-Liii]perylene-9,18-dione- — 
Dinaphtho [l,2,3-cd,3 ',2 ',1 '-lin]perylene-5, 10-dione— 

IjA-Dinitrobenzene 

2,'i-Dinitrobenzene 

Dinitrochlorobenzene 

Dinltrochlorobenzenesulfonic acid 

3,5-Dinitro-<i-ohlorobenzolo acid 

2,6-Diiiitro-4-chlorophenol 

Dinitro-o-cyolohexylphenol 

4,4'-Dinitro-l,l'-dianthraquiiionylamiiie 

Dinltrodibenzanthronyl 

Dinitrohydroxydiphenylamine 

Dinitrotetrame-thyldiamlnodiphenylmethane 

2,4-Diiutrotoluenesulfoiiic acid 

1,2-Dioxoacenaphthene 

Dioxy S acid 

Diphenol 

Diphenyl 

2,4-Diphenylamine-l-hydroxyanthraquinone 

2,'i-Diphenylamlno-l-oxyanthraquinone 

Diphenylcarbazide 

Dlphenylene i ml ne 

Diphenylene oxide 

Diphenyl epsilon acid 

Diphenyl ether ■ 

Diphenyl ketone 

Diphenylmethanol 

Diphenyl oxide 

l,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-l-one 

Diphenyl silicon dichloride 

1,3-Diphenylurea 

N,N-Diphenylurea 

sym-Diphenylurea 

Dipyrazoledianthrone 

1,3-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

1,4-Di-p-toluidineanthraquinone 

l,3-Di(p-tolylamino)anthraquinone 

Ij'i-Di-p-tolylamliioanthraquinone 

S-Dlxenylthiourea 

IXirene 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



N-Ethanol-N-ethyl-'i-nitrosoaniline- 

2-Ethanolpyridine 

2-Ethoxy aniline 

4-Ethoxyaniline 

_2-Ethoxy-6-sulfonaphthalene 

Ethyl-p-amlnobenzoate 



m- (Dimethylamlno )phenol . 

Xylidine. 

Xylene . 

p-Toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 

m-Tolidine . 

o-Tolidine . 

2 '-tert-Eutyl-4' , 6 '-dimethylacetophenone . 

5-tert-Butyl-m- xylene . 

2, 8-Dimethyl-13b-hydroxy-9 ( 13b ) -ceroxenone . 

2, 2'-Dimethyl-l, I'-bianthraquinone . 

l/l'-Iminobis [2-methylanthraquinone] . 

Dimethyl-1, 3-cyclohexanedione . 

Isocyanic acid, 2,2'-dimethyl-4,4-'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
N, N-Dimethyl-1-naphthylamlne . 
Antipyric acid. 

Antipyrine . 

m-Toluquinaldine . 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Violanthrone . 

p-Dinitrobenzene . 

m-Dinitrobenzene . 

l-Chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene . 

4-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

A-Chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

4-Chloro-2,6-dinitrophenol [OH=l]. 

2-Cyclahexyl-<i,6-dinitrophenol [ OH=l] . 

1, 1 '-Iminobis [4-nitroanthraquinone ] . ^ 

Dinltro(3,3 '-bi-7H-benz[de] anthracene) -7,7 -dione. 

p-(2,4-Dlnitroanilino)phenol. 

4,4'-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethyl-2-nitroaniline] . 

3,5-Dinitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Acenaphthenequinone . 

4 , 5 -Dihydroxy- 1-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

Biphenol. 

Biphenyl. 

2,'i-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone. 

2,4-Dianilino-l-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

1, 5-Diphenylcarbohydrazide . 

Carbazole. 

Dibenzofuran. 

8-Diphenylamino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 

Phenyl ether. 

Benzophenone . 

Benzhydrol. 

Phenyl ether. 

Chalcone . 

Dichlorophenylsilane . 

Carbanllide. 

Carbanilide. 

Carbanilide. 

[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6'(2H,2'H)-dione. 

1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
l,4-Di(p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
1, 3-Di (p-toluidino) anthraquinone . 
1,4-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
A-j-i'-Diphenylthiocarbanilide . 
l,2,'i,5-Tetramethylbenzene. 



2- ( N-Ethyl-4-nitrosoanilino ) ethanol . 
2-Pyridlneethanol . 
o-Phenetidine [NHg^l]. 
p-Phenetidine [NH2=l]. 
6-Ethoxy-2-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 
p-Aminobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 



APPENDIX B 



225 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Cliemical Abstracts) name 



Ethyl-o-amlno-p-oresol 

Ethylanlllne (mono) 

N,N-Ethylbenzylaniline 

Ethylbenzylanilinesulfonic acid 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidine 

Ethylbenzyl-m-toluidino-o-sulfonlc acid 

Ethyleneglycol monophenylether 

Ethyl hydrol- 

N-Ethyl-N-(P-hydroxyethyl) aniline 

Ethyl ketone base 

2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)diazoainino] -5- 

sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine 

p-Ethylnitrobenzene 

Ethyl -p-nitrobenzoate 

Ethyl-p-nitrobenzoylacetate 

Ethyl phenyl ether 

Ethylsulfobenzylanillne 

N-Ethyl-o-toluidlne-p-sulfonio acid 

Fast red TR base- 

p-Formylaniline 

p-Formyl-N,N-diethylaniline 

<i-Formyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one 

G acid 

Gamma acid 

Gamma disulfo acid 

Glycerolmonoethylaniline 

H acid 

Halocrln 

Hexahydrobenzoic acid 

Hexahydropyrldine 

Homophthalic acid 

a-m-Homosalicylic acid 

p-Homosalicylic acid 

Homoveratric acid 

o-Homoveratrlc acid 

Homoveratronitrile 

Homoveratrylamlne 

1,2-1,2-Hydrazinedibromoanthraquinone 

Hydrol 

Hydroquinone dimethyl ether 

l-Hydroxy-4-aminoanthraquinone 

7-Hyd roxy coumarin 

A-Hydroxydiphenol 

P-Hydroxyethyl-o-chloro aniline 

Hydroxyethylethylaniline 

Hydroxyethylmethylaniline 

N-(p-Hydroxyethyl)-N-methylaniline 

Hydro xyethyl-3-toluidine 

2-Hydroxymetanllic acid 

«4-Hydroxymetanllic acid 

2-Hydroxy-3-raethoxybenzaldehyde 

2-Hydroxy-3-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-A-methylbenzoic acid 

2-Hydroxy-5-methylbenzoic acid 

7-Hyd roxy-A-methylcoumarin 

2-Hydroxy-5-nitrometanilic acid--. 

A-Hydroxy-S-nitrometanilic acid — 

2-Hydroxyphenetole 

p-Hydroxyphenylarsonic acid 



3-Ethylamino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
N-Ethylaniline. 
N-Ethyl-N-phenylbenzylamine . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesuironic acid [S03H=1]. 
N-Benzyl-N-ethyl-m-toluidine [ NH2=l]. 
4-(N-Benzyl-N-ethylamino)-o-toluenesulfonic acid 

[S03H=l]. 
2-Phenoxyethanol . 
A, A -Bis[diethylamino]benzhydrol. 
2-(N-Ethylanllino)ethanol. 
A,U -Bis[diethylamino]benzophenone. 
2-[l-Ethyl-3-(2-methoxy-5-nitrophenyl)triazen-3- 

yl]-5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Ethyl-2-picoline . 
l-Ethyl-A-nitrobenzene . 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, ethyl ester. 
p-Nitrobenzoylacetic acid, ethyl ester. 
Phenetole . 

a-(N-Ethylanilino)-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
3-Ethylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 



A-Chloro-o-toluidine [NH2=l]. 

p-Aminobenzaldehyde . 

p- (Diethylamino)benzaldehyde . 

5 -Oxo-3 -pyr azoline -4- - carboxaldehyde . 



2-Naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid, 
7-Amlno-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
3- (N-Ethylanilino ) -1, 2-propanediol . 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 

6,9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine. 

Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. 

Piperidine. 

<x-Carboxy-o-toluic acid. 

2,-i-Cresotic acid [C00H=l]. 

2,5-Cresotic acid [COOH=l] . 

(3,'+-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid. 

( 2, 3-Dimethoxyphenyl) acetic acid. 

( 3, A-Dimethoxyphenyl ) acetonitrile . 

3,'i-Dimethoxyphenethylamlne . 

7, 16-Dibromoindanthrene . 

^,U -Bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrol. 

p-Dimethoxybenzene . 

l-Amino-4-hydroxyanthraquinone . 

Umbellif erone . 

p-Pheny Iphenol . 

2 - ( o-Chloroani lino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Bthylani lino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylanilino ) ethanol . 

2- ( N-Methylani lino ) ethanol . 

2- (m-Toluidino ) ethanol . 

6-Amino-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-l-phenol-A-sulfonic acid. 

o-Vanillin. 

2,3-Cresotic acid [ C0OH=l] . 

2,4-Cresotic acid [ C00H=l1 . 

2,5-Cresotic acid [ COOH=l] . 

A-Methylumbellif erone. 

6-Amlno-A-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 

2-Amino-6-nitro-l-phenol-^-sulfonic acid. 

o-Ethoxyphenol . 

p-Hydroxybenzenearsonic acid [As03H2=:1]. 



226 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Hydroxyphenyl-n-butylamine 

3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)hydratropic acid 

N- (p-Hydroxyphenyl ) -2-naphthylamine 

P-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)-a-phenylpropionic acid 

3- (p-Hydroxyphenyl) -2-phenylpropionlc acid 

'i-Hydroxypyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid 

8-Hydroxyquinoline 

m-Hydroxytoluene 

o-Hydroxytoluene 

p-Hydroxytoluene 

6-Hydroxy-m-toluidtne [ NH2=l] 

2-Hydroxy-p-toluic acid 

I acid 

I acid imide 

2,2 '-(l,3-Indandione)quinoline 

Isobutyl p-nitrobenzoate 

Isodibenz anthrone 

p-Isopropylaniline 

Isopropylbenzene 

Isopropyl p-toluenesulfonate 

J acid 

J acid imide 

J acid urea 

K acid 

Koch 's acid 

Lake red G amine 

Laurent 's acid 

Lead styphnate 

Lead trinitroresorcinate 

Leuco-l,'i-di(methylamino)anthraquinone 

Methandrone 

Methane base 

Methane salt 

o-Methoxyacetanilide 

p-Methoxyacetanilide 

^--Methoxy-^'-aminodiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-^-aminodiphenylamine-2 -sulfonic acid 

Methoxyani line 

o-Methoxyanilinomethanesulfonic acid 

2-(o-Methoxyanilino)-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

o-Methoxyanilino-p-sulfonic acid 

Methoxybenzene 

p -Methoxybenzolc acid 

4-Methoxy-3 -chloro-6 -carboxydiphenylamine 

2-Methoxy-6,9-dichloroacridine 

4 -Methoxy-'4-nitrodiphenylajnine-2'-sulfonic acid — 
2-[3-(2-Methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-l-methyltriazeno] -5- 
sulfobenzoic acid. 

f-Methoxy-m-toluidine [CH3=1 ] 

6-Methoxy-m-toluidine [NH2=l] 

[ 3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid 

<i-Methyl-A-aminodiphenylamine-2-sulfonic acid 

Methylaminosulfobenzoic acid 

o-Me thy lani line 

Methylaniline (mono) 



p-Butylaminophenol . 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
p-2-Naphthylaminophenol . 
cx-Phenylphloretic acid. 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 

Ghelidamic acid. 

8-Quinolinol. 



m-Cresol 


0H=1]. 


o-Cresol OH=l] . 
p-Cresol OH=l] . 
2-Amino-p-cresol [OH=l]. 
2,4-Cresotic acid [C00H=1 



6-Amino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 

Quinophthalone . 

p-Nitrobenzoic acid, isobutyl ester. 

Isoviolanthrone . 

Cumidine . 

Cumene. 

p-Toluenesulfonic acid, isopropyl ester [S03H=l]. 



6-Amlno-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid. 

6,6 '-Iminobis [l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] . 

6,6'-Ureylenebis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid]. 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-3,5-disulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid. 



2-Amino-5-ohloro-p-toluenesulf onic acid [ S03H=1] . 

S-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

Styphnic acid, lead salt. 

1, •4-Dimethylamlno-9 , 10- anthradiol . 



3 ', 4 '-Dihydroxy-2- ( dimethylamino ) acetophenone . 

4,4 '-Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4 -Methylenebis [3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid]. 

o-Acetanisidide . 

p-Acetanisidide . 

N-(p-Methoxyphenyl)-p-phenylenediainlne. 

o-(4-Amlno-2-anisidino)benzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisidine [NH2=1 ]. 

o-Anisidinomethanesulfonic acid. 

2- ( o-Anisidino ) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid . 

4-Methoxymetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

Anisole. 

Anisic acid [COOH=l]. 

4-Chloro-N-(p-methoxyphenyl)anthranilic acid 

[C00H=l]. 
6 , 9-Dichloro-2-methoxyacridine . 

2- (p-Anlsidino) -5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid [S03H=l]. 
2- [3-(2-Methoxy-4-nltrophenyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl]- 

5-sulfobenzoic acid. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [NH2=l]. 
5-Methyl-o-anisidine [ NH2=l] • 
[3-(6-Methoxy-m-tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic 

acid. 
5-Amlno-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
N-Methyl-5-sulfoanthranilic acid. 
o-Toluidine [ NH2=l]. 
N-Methylaniline . 



APPENDIX B 



227 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Camnon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



2-Methyltienzanthrone 

Methylbenzoic acid 

Methylenebis(toluenedi amine) 

A^A'-Methylenebisfo-tolylisocyanate] 

Methylenedi-p-phenylenelsocyanate 

"iji-'-Methylenediphenylisocyanate 

Methylenedl-o-tolylene isocyanate 

a-Methyl-S-ethylpyridine (MEP) — 

4— Methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 

Methyl-p-hydroxy-m-nitrobenzoate 

l-Methyl-A- hydroxyquinolone 

3-Methyl-4-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
3-Methyl-l-(2-methyl-4-suli'ophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

N-(5-ffethyl-i-nitro-o-anisyl)-p-toluenesulfonamide-- 

2-Methyl-5-nitrodiphenylamine 

3-Methyl-l-(m-nitrophenyl)-5-pyTazolone 

m-Methylphenol 

o-Methylphenol 

p-Methylphenol 

4-Methyl-m-phenylenediisocyanate 

3-Methyl-l-phenyl-5-pyrazolone 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-3-sulfonic acid 

Methylphenylpyrazolone-A-sulfonic acid 

2-Methylplperidine 

'i-(3-Methyl-5-pyrazolone)-m-toluenesulfonic acid 

Methylpyridine 

2-Methylqu incline 

3-Methyl-l-(m-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazolin-5-one 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyra2olin-5-one 

Methylsulf ophenylpyrazolone , mixed 

3-Methyl-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone 

Methyl-p-toluenesulfonate 

P-Methylumbelliferone 

2-Methyl-5-vinylpyridine (MVP) 

Michler's hydrol 

Michler's ketone 

Monobromobenzene 

Monochlorobenzene 

Naphthalene sodium sulfonates 

Naphthalene-P-thioglycolio acid 

2(lH)-peri-Naphthazolone 

o-Naphthlonic acid 

a-Naphthol - 

P-Naphthol - 

l-Naphthol-8-chloro-3,6-disulfonlc acid 

2-Naphthol ethyl ether 

Naphthosulfochloride 

1,8-Naphthosultone 

Naphthylacetonitrile 

a-Naphthylamine 

P-Naphthylamine 

l-Naphthylaraine-3,6-disulfonlc acid 



2-Methyl-7H-ben2 [de] anthracen-7-one. 
p-Toluio acid [COOH=l]. 
5,5 -Methylenebis [toluene-2,4-dlamlne ]. 
Isocyanic acid, 3,3'-dimethyl-<V,4.'-methylenedl- 

phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, methylenedi-p-phenylene ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 3,3 '-dimethyl -^,<»'-methylenedi- 

phenylene ester. 
5-Bthyl-2-picoliiie . 
i-Methylumbellif erone . 

p-Hydroxy-m-nltrobenzoic acid, methyl ester. 
l-Methyl-4- ( IH ) -quinolone . 
A- (3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl ) -m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)-m-toluene- 

sulfonic acid. 
N-(5-Methyl-'>-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl)-p-toluene- 

sulfcnamide. 
5-Nitro-N-phenyl-o-toluidine [NH2=l] . 
3-Methyl-l- (m-nitrophenyl ) -2-pyrazolln-5-one . 
m-Cresol [ OH=l] . 
o-Cresol [0H=1]. 
p-Cresol [0H=1]. 

Isocyanic acid, A-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 
3-Methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyTazolin-5-one. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesuLfQnlc 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfQnic 

acid. 
2-Pipecoline . 
'i-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)-m-toluenesuLfonlc 

acid. 
Picoline. 
Quinaldine. 
m-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyTazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
m( and p ) - ( 3-Methyl-5 -oxo-2-pyrazolin- 1-yl )benzene- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonlc acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
'i-Methylumbellif erone . 
5-Vinyl-2-picoline . 
4,4' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzhydrol . 
4 , 4 ' -Bis [ dimethylamino] benzophenone . 
Bromobenzene . 
Chlorobenzene (mono). 



Naphthalenesulfonlc acids, sodium salt (mixed). 

(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 

Naphthostyril. 

l-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonlc acid. 

1-Naphthol. 

2-Naphthol. 

8-Chloro-l-naphthol-3,6-disulfonlo acid. 

2-Ethoxynaphthalene . 

1-Naphthalenesulfonyl chloride. 

l-Naphthol-8-sulf onlc acid sultone. 

Naphthaleneacetonitrile. 

1-Naphthylamine . 

2-Naphthylamlne . 

5-Anlno-2,7-naphthalenedlsulfonlc acid. 



228 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Canmon name 



l-Naphthylamine-3,8-disulfaiflc acid 

l-Naphthylainine-'i,7-dlsulfonic acid 

l-Naphttiylaniliie-4,8-dlsulfanlc acid 

2-Naphthylamine-l,5-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylainine-3,6-dleulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylaniine-4-,8-dlsulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylaniine-5,7-disulfonic acid 

2-Naphthylaiiiine-6,8-disulfaiiic acid 

l-Naphthylaiiilne-2-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylaniine-3-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-A-sulfonie acid 

l-NaphthylaEiine-5-sulfoiiic acid 

l-Naphtlyrlamine-6-sulfonic acid 

l-Naplithylaniine-6(aiid 7)-sulfonic acid 

l-Naphthylamine-7-sulfoiiic acid 

l-Naph"tl)ylaniine-8-sulfonic acid 

2-Naphthyl8iiiine-l-sulfcinic acid 

2-Naphthylamine-5-3uli'oiiic acid 

2-Naphtliylamine-6-sulfanic acid 

2-Naphthylaniine-8-sulfQiiic acid 

l-Naphtliylamine-3,6,8-trlsviLfonlc acid 

2-Naphthylaiiiine-3,6,8-trisulfQnic acid 

l-Naplithylainino-2-carboxylic acid anthraquinone 

1-Naphthylisocyanate 

a-Naphthyl isocyanate 

2-Naphtliylmercaptoacetic acid 

Naphthylmethanesulfonlc acid 

p-Naphthylthioglycolic acid 

Nevile & Winther's acid 

3-Nitro-<i-aininoaiiisole [ CH30=ll 

A-Nitro-2-aiii±aoanisole [ 0130=1 

5-Nitro-2-aminoanisole [ CH30=1 

6-Hitro-2-amiiioanisole [ CH30=1 

o-Nltro-p-aminophenol 

p-Nitro-o-aminophenol 

5-Nitro-o-amiiiophenol 

'i-Nitro-2-aminophenol-6-sulfQnlc acid 

6-Nltro-2-aminophenol-4-sulfonic acid 

<i-Nitro-"i'-amino-2-suLfodiphenylamine 

5-Nitro-2-aminotoluene [ CH3 =l] 

p-Nitroanlline-o-sulfonlc acid 

m-Nitro-p-anisidine rCH30=l 

3-Nitro-p-anlsidine ICH30=1 

4-Nitro-2-anisidine [ CH30=1 

5-Nitro-2-anisidtne [ CH30=1] 

2-Nitroaiiisole-'i-3ulfodiethylamide 

l-Nitroantliraquiaone-2-carboxylic acid 

Nit.robenzene-2,5-disulfonic acid 

l-Nitrobenzene-4-sulfonic acid 

2-NitrobenzenesuLfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid 

3-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride 

m-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

p-Nitrobenzoyl J acid 

m-Nitrochlorobenzene 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene 

2-Nitro-l-chlorobeiizene-4-sulfobutylamide 

2-Nitro-l-clilorobenzene-4-sulfodiethylamide 

o-Nitrochlorobenzene-p-sulfonic acid 

p-Nitrochlorobenzene-o-sulfonic acid 

3-Nitro-4-chloroben2oylbenzoic acid 

4-Nitro-6-chloro-l,3-dimethoxybenzene 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol 

2-Nitro-4-chlorophenol-6-sulfonic acid 

m-NltTo-p-chlorotoluene 

o-Nltro-p-chlorotoluene 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



S-Amino-l, 6-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
'i-Amino-l,6-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
A-Amino-ljS-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Amino-l,5-naphthalenedisulf onic acid . 
6-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l,3-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
l-Amino-2-napthalenesulConic acid. 
4-Mino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
Naphthionic acid. 

5-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5 (and 8)-Amino-2-naphthalenesuli'onic acid. 
8-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
6-Amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
7-Amlno-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
8-Amlno-l,3,6-naphthalenetrisulfQnic acid. 
7-Amlno-l, 3 , 6-naphthalenetrisulf onic acid . 
1- ( 1-Naphthylamino )-2-anthraquinonecarboxyllc acid . 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
Isocyanic acid, 1-naphthyl ester. 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
1-Naphthalenemethanesulfonic acid. 
(2-Naphthylthio) acetic acid. 
l-Naphthol-'i-sulfonic acid. 
2-Nitro-p-anisidine [ NH2 =1 1 • 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=i]' 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine [NH2=1 . 
3-Nitro-o-anisidine [nH2=i]. 
4-Amino-2-nitrophenol . 
2-Amino-4-nitrophenol . 
2-Aiiino-5-nitrophenol . 

6-Ainino-4-nitro-l-phenol-2-sulfonic acid. 
2-Amino-5-nitro-l-phenol-4-sulfonio acid. 
2-(p-Aminoanilino)-5-nltrobenzenesulfonic acid. 
4-Nitro-o-toluidine [NH2=i]. 
2-Amino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonic acid. 



2-Nitro-p-anisidine 
2-Nltro-p-anisidine 
5-Nitro-o-anisidine 
4-Nitro-o-anisidine 



NH2=1 . 
NH2=1] . 
NH2=l1 . 

NH2=1] . 
N , N-Diethyl-3-nitro-p-methoxybenzenesulf onamide . 

l-Nitro-2-anthraquinonecarboxylic acid . 
2-Nitro-p-ben2enedisulf onic acid . 
p-NitiNsbenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1 . 
o-Nltrobenzenesulfonic acid S03H=l]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
m-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride [S03Cl=l]. 
6-(m-Nitrobenzamido) -l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
6-(p-Nitrobenzamido)-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
l-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-2-nitrobenzene . 
l-Chloro-'i-nitrobenzene . 

N-Butyl-4-chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide. 
<i-Chloro-N,N-diethyl-3-nltrobenzenesulf onamide. 
<*-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid . 
2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzenesulf onic acid . 
o-(A-Chloro-3-nitrobenzoyl)benzoic acid. 
6-Chloro-l, 3-dlmethoxy-<V-nitrobenzene . 
4-Chloro-2-nitrophenol. 

A-Chloro-e-nitro-l-phenol-a-sulfonic acid. 
'4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene . 
'i-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 



APPENDIX B 



229 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Cannnon name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



p-Nltro-o-ohlorotoluene 

2-Nltro-'t-chlorotoluene 

m-Nltro-p-oresol [CH3=l] 

Nltrocresyl methyl ether 

Nitro-p-dlohlorotenzene 

o-Nltrodlphenyl 

p-Nitrodlphenyl 

"4-Nitro-2-dlphenylamlnesulfoaic acid 

4-Nltrodlphenylamlno-2-sulfonlc acid 

2-Nltrohydroquinone, diethyl ether 

2-Nltrohydroquinone, dimethyl ether 

3-Nitro-^-hydroxy-l-phenylarsonic acid 

6-Nltro-'^-methoxy-3-aminotoluene [CH3=l] 

2-Nitro-'i-methoxy-5-{p-toluenesulfonamido)toluene. 

4-Nitro-l-methylanillne 

l-Nitro-2-methylanthraquinone 

2-Nitronaphthalene-A,8-disulfcinlc acid 

7-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfQnlc acid 

4-NitronaphthaHc acid tolylimide 

2-Nitro-l-phenol-A,6-dlsulfonic acid 

3-Nitrophenylhydrazlne 

p-(p-Nitrophenylmercapto) aniline 

l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-oarboxylic acid-- 

Nitropyrazolonecarboxyllc acid 



p-Nitrosodiethylanillne 

p-Nitrosodimethylaniline 

Nitroso-P-naphthol 

3-Nitro-5-stearoylamino-p-toluenesulfonic acid- 



<V-Nltrotolueneanilide 

6-Nltro-3-(p-toluenesulfone)amino-'i-methoxytoluene- 



A -Nltro-p-toluenesulfone-o-tolulde- 

o-Nitrotoluenesulfonic acid 

p-Nitrotoluene-o-sulfonlc acid 



CH3=1 
'CH3=1 
CH3=1 
CH3=1 
CH3=1" 
CH3=1 



m-Nitro-o-toluidine 
m-Nitro-p-toluidine 
p-Nltro-o-toluidine 
3-Nitro-<V-toluidine 
4.-Nltro-2-toluidlne 
5-Nitro-2-toluidine 
Nitrotoluidine sulfone- 

e-Nitro-o-toluldine-A-sulfonic acid 

N-CA-Nitro-o-tolylj-p-toluenesulfonamide- 

5-Nltro-l,2,'i-trlchlorobenzene 

Nitroviolanthrene 

p-Nitro-o-xylene 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylene 

2-Nitro-l,'i-xylol 

4-Nitro-l,3-xylol— 



Orthanilio acid 

Oxalyl-p-nitro aniline 

Oxalyl-p-nltrophenylamine 

Oxalyl-m-phenyldiamine 

Oxalyl-p-phenyldiamlne 

4-0xo-AH-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid- 

2-Oxycarbazole 

a-Oxynaphtholc acid 

P-Oxynaphtholc acid 



Pent aanthramide - 



2-Chloro-4-nitrotoluene . 

't-Chloro-2-nitrotoluene . 

2-Nitro-p-cresol [OH=l] . 

A-Methyl-2-nitroanisole [CHjO=l]. 

l,4-Dlchloro-2-nltrobenzene . 

2-Nitrobiphenyl. 

A-Nitrobiphenyl . 

2-Anllino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1]. 

2-Anilino-5-nitrobenzenesulfonlc acid [S03H=1]. 

1 , 4-Dlethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

l,4-Dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzene . 

4-Hydroxy-3-nltrobenzenearsonlc acid. 

5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-anisidine [ NH2=l]. 

N-(5-Methyl-<t-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl)-p-toluenesulfon- 

amide. 
5-Nitro-o-toluidine [nHz^i]- 
2-Methyl-l-nltroanthraquincine . 
3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
3-Nitro-l,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid. 
A-Nitro-N- (p-tolyl)naphthalimide . 
6-Nitro-l-phenol-2,4-disulfonlc acid. 
m-Nitrophenylhydrazine . 
p- (p-NitrophenylthIo ) aniline . 
l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
l-(m-Nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
N , N-Diethyl-p-nitrosoaniline . 
N , N-Dtmethyl-p-nlt rosoani line . 
l-Nitroso-2-naphthol. 
3-Nltro-5-stearoylamido-p-toluenesulfonic acid 

[S03H=1]. 
S-Nitro-n-phenyl-o-toluldine [ NH2=l] . 
N- ( 5-Methyl-4-nitro-o-methoxyphenyl ) -p-toluene- 

sulfonamide. 
A -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 
3-Nitro-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Nitro-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

" ■ ■■ NH2=1]. 

'NH2=1]. 
NH2=1]. 
NH2=1]. 

NH2=1]. 
.NH2=1]. 

A '-Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide. 
4-Amino-5-nitro-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4' -Nitro-p-toluenesulf ono-o-toluidide . 
1, 2,4-Trichloro-5-nitrobenzene . 
16-Nitroviolanthrone . 
"^-Nitro-o-xylene . 
A-Nitro-m-xylene . 
2-Nitro-p-xylene . 
A-Nitro-m- xylene . 



o-Azninobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1]. 
A -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
<t -Nitrooxanilic acid. 
3 '-Aminooxanllide . 
4 '-Aminooxanllide . 
Chelidonic acid. 
2-Hydroxycarbazole. 
l-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 
3-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid. 



l,-;,5,8-Tetrakis[l',l",l"',l""-anthraquinonyl- 
amino] anthraquinone . 



^-Nitro-o-toluidine 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine 
5-Nltro-o-toluidine 
2-Nitro-p-toluidine 
5-Nitro-o-toluldine 
A-Nitro-o-toluidine 



230 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 






Common name 



Peri acid 

Phenethylene 

Phenol, sodium salt 

1-Phenylacetylcarbinol 

3-Phenylacrylophenone 

2-Phenylamine-5-naphthol-7-sulfonio acid 

2-Phenylamine-8-naphthol-6-sulfonio acid 

N-Phenylaniline 

Phenylarsonio acid 

N-Phenylazoaniline 

Phenylbiphenyl 

Phenyl bromide 

l-Phenyl-3-carboxy-5-pyrazolone-'i-sulfonic aoid- 



Phenyldiethanolamlne 

N,N '-p-Phenylenebis [acetamlde] 

ra-Phenylenediamlnedisulfonlc acid 

m-Phenylenediaminesulfonic acid 

p-Phenylenediaminesulfonio acid 

Phenylene nerol acid 

Phenylethanolamine 

Phenyl gamma acid 

Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid 

PhenyIhydrazine-2- sulfonic acid 

Phenylhydrazine-3-sulfonic acid 

N-Phenyl-N'-(P-hydroxyethyl)thiourea — 

Phenyl isocyanate 

Phenyl J acid 

Phenylmalonic ester 

Phenylmethanesulfonic acid 

Phenyl- P-naphthylamine 

N-Phenyl-l-naphthylamine-8-sulfonic acid 

a-Phenyl-P-('i-oxophenyl)propionic acid 

Phenyl peri acid 

N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamlnesulfonic acid 

l-Phenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester- 



Phenyl silicon chloride 

Phenyls tyryl ketone 

l-Phenyl-<i'-sulfo-5-pyTazolone-3-carboxylic acid 



Phthalyl chloride 

3-Piperidino-l-propanol 

Piperidinopropyl alcohol 

Potassium-3-chloro-6-carboxy-3'-methoxydiphenylamine- 



n-Propyl-p-nitrobenzoate 

Pseudocumene 

Pseudocumidine 

Purpuroxanthin 

Pyrazoleanthrone 

Pyrazoleanthrone yellow 

S-Pyrazolin-A-ylacetic acid- 

3 -Pyrazolone 

5-PyTazolone 

Pyrazolone G 



Pyrazolone T 

2-Pyridylethaiiol- 



R acid 

2R acid 

Red KB base 

Rhoduline acid- 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



8-Amino-l-naphthalenesulf onic acid . 

Styrene . 

Sodium phenoxide. 

l-Hydroxy-l-phenyl-2-propaiione. 

Ghalcone . 

6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 

7-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonlc acid. 

Diphenylamine . 

Benzenearsonic acid. 

1 , 3-Diphenylt ri azene . 

Terphenyl. 

Bromobenzene . 

5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
2 , 2 '- ( Pheny limine ) diethanol . 

N , N '- (p -Phenylene )bis [ acet amide ] . 
A,6-Diamino-m-benzenedisulfonlc acid. 
2,A-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
2,5-Diaminobenzenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amino-2-(p-aminoanilino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
2-Ani linoethanol . 

7-Anillno-l-naphthol-3-sulf onic acid . 
p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1 . 
o-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=1 . 
m-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
l-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-3-phenyl-2-thiourea. 
Isocyanic acid, phenyl ester. 
6-Anilino-l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid. 
Phenylmalonic acid, diethyl ester. 
a-Toluenesulf onic acid . 
N-Phenyl-2-naphthylamine . 
S-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid . 
a-Phenylphloretic acid. 
8-Anilino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 
5-Amlno-2-anilinobenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-0xo-l-phenyl-2-pyTazoline-3-carboxylic acid, 

ethyl ester. 
Trichlorophenylsilane . 
Chalone . 
5-0xo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 
Phthaloyl chloride. 
1-Piperidinepropanol . 
1-Plperidinepropanol. 
4-Chloro-N- (m-methoxyphenyl) anthranilic acid, 

potassium salt [COOH=l]. 
p-Nitrobenzoic acid, n-propyl ester. 
1, 2,4-Trimethylbenzene . 
2,';,5-Trimethylaniline. 
Xanthopurpurin . 

Anthra[l,9]pyrazol-6(2H)-one. ^ 
[3,3'-Bianthra[l,9]pyrazole]-6,6 (2H,2'H)-dicine. 
3-Pyrazoline-4-acetic acid. 
3-Pyrazolin-5-one. ^ 

2-Pyrazolin-5-one . 
p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonic 

acid. 
5-Oxo-l-(p-sulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylio 

acid. 
2 - Pyr i d ineethano 1 . 



2-Naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid. 
7-Amino-l-naphthol-3,6-dlsulfonic acid. 
5-Chloro-o-toluidlne [NH2=l]. 
6,6'-Iminobis[l-naphthol-3-sulfonic acid] , 



APPENDIX B 
Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



231 



Common name 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



S Acid— - - --- 

2S (SS) acid -- 

Schaeffer's acid 

Silver salt 

Sodium carbolate 

Sodium naphthionate 

Sodium phenate 

Sodium phenolate 

Sodlum-o-phenylphenolate 

Sodium tetrachlorophenolate 

Sodium trichlorophenolate 

Styrol— 

Sulfo BB acid- 

o-Sulfobenz aldehyde 

•i-Sulfo-o-benzoylbenzoic acid 

l-Sulfo-5-nitroanthraquinone 

Sulfophenylmethylpyrazolone 

l-Sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxyllc acid 



Tetraaminoditolylmethane 

Tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone 

Tetrachloroquinone 

Tetraethyldlamlnobenzhydrol 

Tet raethyldi aihinobenzophenone 

Tet raethyldiaminodlphenylmethane 

Tet raethyldi aminotriphenylmethane 

Tetrahydrophthalimlde 

Tetramethyldiaminoacridine hydrochloride 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzophenone 

Tetramethyldiaminobenzoylhydrol 

Tetramethyldiaminodiphenylmethane 

Tetramethyldiaminotriphenylmethane 

Thioaniline 

Thioanilinedisulfonlc acid 

p,p -Thiobis('i-amino-o-benzenesulfonic acid) 

Thiosalioylic acid 

Tobias acid 

a-Toluamide 

Toluene-Sj'i-diisocyanate 

p-Toluenesulfochloride 

A-Toluenesulfonamido-l-aminoanthraquinonesulfonic 
acid. 

P-Toluenesulfonic acid 

Toluene-2,'i,6-triol 

"t-Toluio acid 

a-Toluic acid 

ra-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

m-Toluidine-p-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

o-Toluidine-omega-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-m-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid 

p-Toluidine-o-sulfonic acid, isopropyl ester 

3-Toluidlne-6-sulfonic acid 

6-(p-Toluldino)metanilic acid 

a-Tolunitrile 

<i-Tolunltrile 

l,3-(p-Tolylamino)anthraquinone 

p-Tolyl-o-benzoic acid 

o-Tolylcarbinol 

Tolylenediamlne 

p-m-Tolylenediamine 

"i-m-Tolylenedi amine 



8-Amino-l-naphthol-5-sulf onic acid . 

8-Amino-l-naphthol-5,7-disulfonic acid. 

2-Naphthol-6-sulfonic acid. 

2-Anthraquinonesulfonio acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide . 

Maphthionlc acid, sodium salt. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

Sodium phenoxide. 

o-Phenylphenol, sodium salt. 

2,3,'4,6-Tetrachlorophenol, sodium salt. 

2,A,5-Trichlorophenol, sodium salt. 

Styrene . 

2-Benzoyl-'i-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

o-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

2-Benzoyl-<i-sulfobenzoic acid [COOH=l]. 

5-Nitro-l-anthraquinonesulf onic acid. 

p-(3-Methyl-5-oxo-2-pyrazolin-l-yl)benzenesulfonlc 

acid. 
5-0xo-l-(p-Eulfophenyl)-2-pyrazoline-3-carboxylic 

acid. 



5,5'-Methylenebis [toluene-2,'i-diamine] . 

Chloranil. 

Chloranil. 

4,-^ -Bis [diethylamino]benzhydrol. 

4,4 -Bis [diethylamino]benzophenone. 

<*,'4 -Methylenebis [N,N-diethylaniline] . 

■4, A -Benzylidenebis[N,N-diethylaniltne]. 

"i-Cyclohexene-l,2-dicarboximide. 

2,7-Bis[dimethylamino]acridine hydrochloride. 

'i,'i -Bis[dtmethylamlno]benzophenone. 

A, 4 -Bis [ diethylfimi no] benzhydrol . 

A, A -Methylenebis [N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4,4- -Benzylidinebis[N,N-dimethylaniline] . 

4-, 4 -Thiodianiline. 

6,6'-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

6,6 '-Thiodimetanilic acid [S03H=l]. 

o-Mercaptobenzoic acid [C00H=l]. 

2-Amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid. 

2-Phenylacetamide . 

Isocyanic acid, 4(and 2)-methyl-m-phenylene ester. 

p-Toluenesulfonyl chloride [S02Cl=l]. 

l-Amino-'+-(p-toluenesulfonamido)-2-anthraquinone- 

sulfonic acid. 
p-Toluenesulfonic acid, methyl ester [S03H=l]. 
2-Methylphloroglucinol. 
p-Toluic acid [COOH=l] . 
Phenylacetic acid. 

4-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
2-Amino-p-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=1 . 
'i-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
(o-Toluidino)methanesulfonic acid [ S03H=l]. 
6-Amino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-o-toluenesulfonio acid, isopropyl ester 

[S03H=l]. 
A-Amino-o-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
5-Amino-2-(p-toluidino)benzenesulfonic acid. 
Phenylacetonitrile . 
p-Tolunitrile . 

1, 3-Di (p-toluidino ) anthraquinone . 
o-(p-Tolyl)benzoic acid [COOH=l]. 
o-Methylbenzyl alcohol. 
Toluenedi amine . 
Toluene -2, 5 -diamine. 
Toluene-2,'i-diamine . 



232 



SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMICALS, 1961 



Cyclic intermediates: Glossary of synonymous names — Continued 



Common name 



S-m-Tolylenediamine 

m-Tolylenediaminesulfonic acid 

m-Tolylene diisocyanates 

[ 3- (p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazeno] acetic acid — 

Tolyl peri acid 

2,'4,6-Triaminobenzene trihydrochloride 

2,<i,6-Triaminotoluene trihydrochloride 

Trianthraquinonyldi-imide 

1,A-Trianthrimide 

Trichlorophenylsilicane 

1,2,'i-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

1,2,6-Trihydroxyanthraquinone 

2,<V,6-Trihydroxytoluene 

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 

2,A,6-Trimethylpyridine 

Trinitrophenol 

2,<t,6-Trinitroresorcin 

1,2,4-Trioxyanthraquinone 

l,3,5-Trlphenylhexahydro-8-trlazlne 

Triphenyl silicon chloride 



3,3 '-Ureyleneaniline- 



Vinylbenzene- 
Vinyltoluene- 
Violanthrene- 



Xeny lamina 

m-Xylidine acetate 

m-J^lidinesulTonic acid- 
Xylyl chloride 



Standard (Chemical Abstracts) name 



ToIuene-3,5-diamine . 

"ijb-Diamino-m-toluenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 

Isocyanic acid, <i(aiid2) -methyl -m-phenylene ester. 

[3-(p-Tolyl)-l-methyltriazen-3-yl] acetic acid. 

8- (p-Toluidino) -1-naphthalenesulf onic acid. 

1,3,5-Benzenetriamine trihydrochloride. 

Toluene-2,A,6-trlaTtilTie trihydrochloride. 

1,^-813 [l-anthraquinonylamino] anthraquinone . 

1,4^-Bis [l-anthraqulnonylainino] anthraquinone. 

Trichlorophenylsilone. 

Purpurin. 

Flavopurpurin. 

2-Methylphloroglucinol . 

Mesitylene . 

s-Collidine. 

Picric acid. 

Styphnic acid. 

Purpurin. 

Hexahydro-l,3,5-triphenyl-s-triazihe. 

Chlorotriphenylsilane . 

3 , 3 ' -Dl amlnoc arhanilide . 



Styrene . 

Methylstyrene. 

Dinaphtho[l,2,3-cd,3',2',l'-lm]perylene. 



A -Biphenylamine . 
2,'i-Xylidine acetate. 

2-Amino-3,5-xylenesulfonic acid [S03H=l]. 
4-Chloro-m- xylene . 



APPENDIX C 



233 



Co List of Colour Index and Common Names for Toners and Lakes 

In the Commission's reports for 1957 and earlier years, individual toners and lakes were 
identified by the names by which they were most commonly known in the literature and in the 
trade. Since 1958 they have been identified by the names used in the second edition of the Colour 
Index. 

The following list of all Colour Index names which appear in tables 1 lA and 12 of this report 
is appended for quick reference. The list gives the common names (and coupling connponents, 
in the case of azo pigments) for ea.ch Colour Index pigment listed. 



Toners and lakes: List o/ Colour Index and common names 



Colour Index name 



Common name 



Pigment Yellow 1-- 
Pigment Yellow 3-- 
Pigment Yellow 12- 
Pigment Yellow 13- 
Pigment Yellow U- 
Pigment Yellow 17- 
Pigment Orange 5-- 
Pigment Orange 13- 
Pigment Orange 16- 

Pigment Red 1 

Pigment Red 2 

Pigment Red 3 

Pigment Red 4 

Pigment Red 5 

Pigment Red 13 

Pigment Red 17 

Pigment Red 18 

Pigment Red 22 

Pigment Red 23 

Pigment Red 38 

Pigment Red 48 

Pigment Red 49 

Pigment Red 52 

Pigment Red 53 

Pigment Red 54 

Pigment Red 57 

Pigment Red 60 

Pigment Red 63 

Pigment Red 81 

Pigment Red 83 

Pigment Red 90 

(Acid Red 26) 

Pigment Violet 1-- 
Pigment Violet 3-- 
Pigment Violet 5-- 

Pigment Blue 1 

Pigment Blue 2 

Pigment Blue 9 

Pigment Blue 14--- 
Pigment Blue 15— 
Pigment Blue 19--- 
Pigment Blue 24--- 
Pigment Blue 25--- 
Pigment Green 1-— 
Pigment Green 2 — 
Pigment Green 4 — 
Pigment Green 7--- 
Pigment Green 8--- 
Pigment Brown 3 — 
(Natural Black 3)- 



Hansa Yellow G (2-nitro-p-toluidine and acetoacetanilide) . 

Hansa Yellow lOG (4-chloro-2-nitroaniline and o-chloroacetoacetanilide). 

Benzidine Yellow (3,3 '-diohlorobenzidine and acetoacetanilide). 

Benzidine Yellow (3,3 '-diohlorobenzidine and 2,4-aoetoacetoxylidide) . 

Benzidine Yellow (3,3 '-dichlorobenzidine and o-acetoaoetotoluidide) . 

Benzidine Yellow (3,3 '-dichlorobenzidine and o-acetoacetanisldide) . 

Dinitroanillne Orange (2,4-dinitroaniline and 2-naphthol) . 

Benzidine Orange (3,3 '-dichlorobenzidine and 3-methyl-l-phenyl-2-pyrazoUn-5-one) . 

Dianlsidine Orange (o-dianisidine and acetoacetanilide). 

Para Red (p-nitroaniline and 2-naphthol) . 

Naphthol Red (2,5-dichloroaBiline and Naphthol AS). 

Toluidine Red (2-nitro-p-toluidine and 2-naphthol). 

Chlorinated Para Red (2-ohloro-4-nitroaniline and 2-naphthol). 

Naphthol Red (N^,N^-diethyl-4-methoxymetanilamide and Naphthol AS-ITR). 

Naphthol Red (2-nitro-p-toluidine and Naphthol AS-D) . 

Naphthol Red (5-nitro-o- toluidine and Naphthol AS-D). 

Toluidine Maroon (2-nitro-p-toluidine and Naphthol AS-BS). 

Naphthol Red (5-nitro-o- toluidine and Naphthol AS). 

Naphthol Red (5-nitro-o-anisidine and Naphthol AS-BS). 

Pyrazolone Red (3,3 '-dichlorobenzidine and 5-oxo-l-phenyl-2-pyTa2oline-3-carboxylic 

acid, ethyl ester). 
Permanent Red 2B (6-amino-4-chloro-m-toluenesulfonio acid and 3 -hydroxy- 2 -naphthoic 

acid) . 
Llthol Red R (2-amino-l-naphthalenesulfonic acid and 2-naphthol). 
Lithol Red 2G-'- (2-amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic 

acid) . 
Red Lake C (2-amino-5-chloro-p-toluenesulfonic acid and 2-naphthol). 
Hello Bordeaux BL ( 1-naphthylamine and l-naphthol-5-sulfonic acid). 
Lithol Rubine B (6-amino-m-toluenesulfonio acid and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid). 
Pigment Scarlet 3B (anthranllic acid and 2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonio acid). 
BON Maroon (2-amino-l-naphthalenesuLfonlc acid and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoio acid). 
Rhod amine 6G. 
Alizarin Red B. 
Bromo Acid; Eosin. 

Scarlet 2R (2,4-xylidine and 2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid). 
Rhodamine B. 
Methyl Violet B. 
Helio Fast Rubine 4BL. 
Victoria Pure Blue BO. 
Victoria Blue B. 
Setoglauoine. 
Ethyl Violet. 
Phthalocyanine Blue. 
Alkali Blue. 
Peacock Blue Lake, 

Dianlsidine Blue (o-dianisidine and Naphthol AS). 
Brilliant Green. 

Brilliant Green and Thioflavine. 
Malachite Green. 
Phthalocyanine Green. 
Pigment Green B. 

Bismarck Brown R (toluene-2,4-dlamine). 
Logwood Black. 



■"• Lithol Red 2G has become generally accepted as the name for Pigment Red 52, although the 2d edition of the Colour 
Index lists this name for Pigment Red 69. 

Note. — When the name of a color is enclosed in parentheses, it indicates that this name is that of the dye from 
which the pigment can be made and that no name for the pigment itself is given in the Colour Index. 

V. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 O - 658234 



REPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION ON THE OPERATION OF THE 

TRADE AGREEMENTS PROGRAM 

*Operation of the Trade Agreements Program, June 1934 to April 1948 (Rept. No. 160, 2d ser., 1949): 
Part I. Summary 

Part II. History of the Trade Agreements Program 
Part III. Trade- Agreement Concessions Granted by the United States 
Part IV. Trade-Agreement Concessions Obtained by the United States 
Part V. Effects of the Trade Agreements Program on United States Trade 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Second Report, April 1948-March 1949 (Rept. No. 
163, 2d ser., 1950) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Third Report, April 1949-June 1950 (Rept. No. 172, 
2d ser., 1951) " 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Fourth Report, July 1950-June 1951 (Rept. No. 
174, 2d ser., 1952) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : Fifth Report, July 1951-June 1952 (Rept. No. 191, 
2d ser., 1954) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : Sixth Report, July 1952- June 1953 (Rept. No. 193, 
2d ser., 1954) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Seventh Report, July 1953- June 1954 (Rept. No. 
195, 2d ser., 1955) 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : Eighth Report, July 1954- June 1955 (Rept. No. 197, 
2d ser., 1956), 55^ 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: Ninth Report, July 1955-June 1956 (Rept. No. 199, 
2d ser., 1957) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : 10th Report, July 1956-June 1957 (Rept. No. 202, 
2d ser., 1959) 

•Operation of the Trade Agreements Program: 11th Report, July 1957-June 1958 (Rept. No. 204, 
2d ser., 1959) 

Operation of the Trade Agreements Program : 12th Report, July 1958-June 1959 (TC Publication 
9), 55f! 

fOperation of the Trade Agreements Program: 13th Report, July 1959-June 1960 (TC Publication 
51) 



NOTE. — The reports preceded by an asterisk (*) are out of print. Those followed by a price may be purchased 
from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Oflfice, Washington 25, D.C. The report 
preceded by a dagger (t) is in press and will be available shortly. See inside front cover for additional reports. 
All U.S. Tariff Commission reports reproduced by the Government Printing Office may be consulted in the official 
depository libraries throughout the United States. 




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