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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

University of Toronto 



http://www.archive.org/details/transacindex1v38nort 




TRANSACTIONS '^z' 



THE NORTH OF ENGLAND INSTFrUTE 
MINING AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 



Founded, 1852. 
Incokporated by Roval Charter, 1876. 



GENERAL & SUBJECT-MATTER INDICES. 

VOLS. I. TO XXXVIII.— 1852 to 1889. 



Edited by M. WALTON BROWN, Skcrrtauy. 



Newcastle-upon-Tynk : Published by the Institpte. 
Printed by Andrew Reid & Co., Limited, Newcasti.e-upon-Tynk 

11)02. 



/ 






CONTENTS. 



CONTENTS. 



II. 





FA(iE 


-General Indkx 


1 


■Subject-matter Index 


198 


I. — General 


198 


1. Associations, Institutions, etc 


198 


2. Education 


202 


3. Excursions 


202 


'i- Exhibitions 


203 


5. Memoirs 


203 


6. Presidential Addresses 


203 


7. Miscellaneous 


203 


II. — Geology 

1. General 


203 

203 


a. — Stratified Rocks 


203 


h. — Mineral Veins 


203 


c. — Seismology 


204 


d. — Earth-temperature 


204 


e. — Miscellaneous ... 


204 


2. Special Geology and Mineral Deposits (vc al-o 
VIII., X. and XIII.) 


VIL— 2, 

204 


a. — General 


204 


h. — Great Britain 


204 


General 


204 


England 

Cumberland 


204 

204 


Durham 


205 


Gloucestershire 


205 


Kent 


205 


Lancashire 


205 


Lincolnshire ... 


205 


Middlesex 


205 


Northumberland 


205 


Somerset 


206 


Sussex 


206 


Warwickshire 


206 


Yorkshire 


206 


Ireland 


207 


Scotland 


207 


Wales 


207 


c. — Europe 

General 


207 

207 


Austro-Hungary 


207 


Bohemia 


207 


Bosnia 


207 


Carinthia 


207 


Dalmatia 


207 


Galicia 


207 


Hungary 

Istria 


207 

207 


Moravia 


207 


Styria 

Transylvania 


207 

208 


Tyrol 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 


208 

208 

208 



IV 0ONTKNT8. 

1 1. — SuBJ Ecn - M ArriCK 1 n \>K\.—('uiiliinied. 
II. — Geology. Coittiu mil. 

'2. Specific (ieology and Miiicnil I'epoHits. ('uiitiiiiutl. 
Fraiii'L' 
CJeriiuiiiy 

Holland 

Italy 

Ijiixcinliurfj ... 
I'ortiifjal 
Uoiiiiiaiiia 
Russia 
Scandinavia 
Servia 
Spain 
Turkey 
(/. — Asia 

Anan\ 

Asia Minor 

China 

Corca 

India 

Persia 

Kussian Empire 

e. — Africa 

f. — America 

Argentine Republic 

IJra/.il 

Canada 

Chile 

Colombia 

French Guiana 

Mexico 

Newfoundland 

Pern 

San Domingo 

Trinidad 

United States of America 

General 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

California 

Colorado 

Dakota 

Georgia 

Louisiana 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota ... .... 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

Pennsylvania 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 



OONl'ENTS. 



II. — SuiiJEOT-MATTKK Inukx. — Continued. 
II. — Geology. —Condnned. 

2. Specific Geolof^y and Mineral Deposits.— Cov/inue'L paoe 

Veneznehi 213 

(J. — Australasia ... ... ... ... ... 213 

Australia 213 

General 213 

New South Wales 213 

Queensland ... ... ... ... ... 214 

South Australia ... ... ... ... 214 

Tasmania 214 

Victoria 214 

IJanka 214 

Borneo ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

New (Jaledonia ... ... ... ... ... 214 

New Zealand 214 

Sumatra ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

Timor 214 

3. Palaeontology ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

4. Litholog-y ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

III. — Mineralogy and Crystallograjihy ... ... ... ... 214 

lA''. — Chemical Investigations ... ... ... ... ... ... 215 

1. CJeneral 215 

2. Apparatus and Laboratory Appliances ... ... ... 215 

3. Methods of Analysis and Assaying ... ... ... 215 

4. Analyses ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 215 

5. Miscellaneous Investigations ... ... ... ... 215 

V. — Physical Investigations ... ... ... ... ... ... 215 

1. General ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 215 

2. Apparatus and Laboratory Appliances ... ... ... 215 

3. Testing Materials 215 

4. Meteorology ... ... ... ... ... ... 215 

5. Terrestrial Magnetism ... ... ... 216 

6. Calculating Machines and Instruir.ents ... ... ... 216 

VI. — Surveying and Levelling ... ... ... ... ... ... 216 

1. Methods and Appliances ... ... ... ... ... 216 

2. Cartograj)hy ... ... ... ... ... ... 216 

VII.— Mining Technology 216 

1. General 216 

2. Specific Districts and Mines {sec aL«) II., VIII., X. and 

XIII.) 217 

a. — General ... ... ... ... ... .•■ 217 

b.— Great Britain 217 

General 217 

England 217 

General ... ... ... ... ... 217 

Cornwall 217 

Cumberland 217 

Durham 217 

Gloucestershire 217 

Lancashire ... ... ... ... 217 

Monmouthshire ... ... ... ... 217 

Northumberland ... ... ... ... 217 

Nottinghamshire 218 

Staffordshire 218 

Yorkshire 218 

Wales 218 

r.— Europe 218 

General 218 

Axistro-Hungary ... ... ... ... 218 

Belgium 218 

France 218 

Germany 218 

Italy 219 

Portugal 219 

Roumania ... ... ... ... ... 219 



VI CONTENTS. 

II. — Subject- MATTER In'dkx.— Com/ihm«/. 

VII. — Mining 'Vvchuology.— Coiifiinirtl. 

'2. Specilic Disl lifts and Mines. Ci'iitiiiiiid. I'AOK 

IJiiHsia 210 

Sorvia 219 

Spain 219 

*/.— Asia 219 

Cliina 219 

Kfinilnsa . . 219 

iiidia 219 

.Malay I'cuinuulu ... ... ... 219 

Tcrsia 219 

#>.— Al'ricu 219 

f. — Anioiica 219 

Uoliviiv 219 

Canada 219 

I iiitfd SlaleH of AnuTita ... ... ... 219 

Iruguay 220 

;/. — .Vustralasia 230 

Anstralia 220 

New Soutli Wales 220 

Queensland 220 

Borneo 220 

Java 220 

New Caledonia 220 

.}. I'rospi'ctinfj and IJoring for Minerals ... ... ... 220 

1. Workinjr of Minerals (srr alsn VII. — 2) 220 

, 5. Drilling. Horinw Machines, Cutting Machines, Tools, etc. 221 

6. Hlasting. K.xplosives, {'uze, Stemming, etc. ... ... 222 

o.— General 222 

'*. — lv\j)losives, etc. ... . . ... ... ... 223 

r.— Fuze, etc 223 

(/. — Stemming, ete. ... ... ... ... ... 223 

7. Shaft Sinking, Tunnelling, etc 223 

8. Supporting Excavations ... ... ... ... ... 224 

9. Subsidences 224 

10. Surface .Vrrargcmonts ... ... ... ... ... 224 

11. Winding. IlauTing. Underground Transport and Appli- 

ances, Hopes, Horses and Signalling ... ... ... 224 

a. — Rope.=, etc. ... ... ... ... ... ... 224 

/..—Winding, etc. 225 

r.— Haulage, etc. 225 

(/. — Signalling, etc. ... ... ... ... ... 226 

'.—Horses, etc 226 

12. Lighting 226 

a. — General ... ... ... ... ... ... 226 

1). — Safety-lamps, etc. ... ... ... ... ... 227 

r. — Electric-lamps 227 

13. Ventilation and Appliances 228 

a. — General ... ... ... ... ... ... 228 

b. — Furnaces, Steam-jets, etc. ... ... ... 229 

r. — Mechanical Ventilators ... - 230 

f/. — Appliances ... ... ... ... ... ... 230 

14. Mine Gases and Testing Appliances {sec aho VII. — 12) 231 

a. — Mine Gases ... ... ... ... ... 231 

h. — Testing Appliances 232 

15. Coal-dust ... 232 

16. E.xplosions. Rescue, etc. ... ... ... ... ... 233 

17. Mine Fires and Spontaneous Combustion 234 

18. Drainage. Pumping, Dams, etc. ... ... ... 234 

19. Dressing Minerals, Crushing and Washing ... ... 235 

VIII. — Quarrying Technology 235 

IX.— Metallurgy 236 

1. General (-"tr al^o XI.) ... ... ... ... ... 236 

2. Metallurgical Works 236 

3. Combustion, Fuels, Heating, etc. 236 



CONTENTS. Vii 

II. — Subject-matter Index. — Gontinucd. 
IX. — Metallurgy. —Conliinicil. 

3. Coiiibu-stioii, Fuel.s, He;itiiig, etc. — Contiiiufjl. paoe 

a. — General ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.'J6 

b. — Briquctte-iucl Manufacture 236 

c. — Coke-ovens 2.36 

d. — Fuels 2.36 

e. — Gas-producers, etc. 236 

f. — Furnaces, etc. 2.36 

(/.—Refractory Materials 237 

A. — Caloriuietry and Pyrometry ... ... ... 237 

i. — Blowing-engiiU's ... ... ... ... ... 237 

/•. — Heating and Measurement of Ulast ... ... 237 

4. Iron Smelting ... ... ... ... ... ... 237 

a. — General ... ... ... ... ... ... 237 

h. — Production of Pig-iron ... ... ... ... 237 

c. — Foundry Practice and Pattern Making 237 

d. — Production of Wrought-iron ... ... ... 237 

e. — Production of Steel 237 

f. — Wrought-iron Products ... ... ... ... 237 

(/. — Steel Products 237 

5. Copper Smelting and E.xtraction ... ... ... ... 237 

6. Lead Smelting and Extraction ... ... ... ... 237 

7. Gold Extraction 237 

8. Sih'-er Smelting and Extraction ... ... ... ... 237 

9. Zinc Smelting and Extraction 237 

10. Tin Smelting and P^xtraction 237 

11. Production of other Metals, etc 237 

12. Electro-metallurgy 237 

13. Alloys 237 

14. Casting Metals 237 

15. Coinage 237 

X. — Salt-works, etc. 238 

XI. — Chemical Industries 2.38 

XII. — Ceramic and Glass Industries ... ... ... ... ... 2.38 

XIII. — Building Construction and Materials 238 

XIV.— Machinery 238 

1. General 238 

2. Engineering Works ... ... ... ... ... ... 238 

3. Boilers and Fittings 238 

a. — General 238 

h. — Boilers, etc. 2.39 

r. — Coverings for Boilers and Steam-pipes ... ... 239 

d. — Explosions ... ... ... ... ... ... 239 

e. — Furnaces ... ... ... ... ... ... 2.39 

/".—Strength of Materials 239 

7.— Testing Fuel 2,39 

'/(,. — Water and Treatment 2.39 

i. — Miscellaneous Fittings ... ... ... ... 239 

4. Steam-engines and Fittings ... ... ... ... 240 

5. Compressed Air ... ... ... ... ... ... 240 

6. Electric Generators, Motors, etc. 240 

7. Water Reservoirs, etc. ... ... ... ... ... 241 

8. Hydraulic Motors, etc 241 

9. Other Power Generators ... ... ... ... ... 241 

XV. — Electrical Investigations (.vpc al.fo VII. and XIV.— 6) 241 

10. Miscellaneous Machinery and Tools... ... ... ... 241 

XVI.— Navigation 241 

XVII.— Surface Transport 241 

XVIII.— Railways and Tramways (.we al<f> VII.— 11) 242 

XIX. — Administration and Statistics ... ... ... ... ... 242 

1. General 242 

2. Ambulance 242 

3. Customs Duties 242 

4. Laliour Conditions, Wages, etc ^ 242 

5. Legislation ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 242 



VIU 



C0NTKNT8. 



II. 



Sl'B.IE(T-MATTF.R InDEX. - Coutinwd. 








XIX. Atlininistrntion and StaliHtica. 


— Continntd. 


I'AOK 


(5. I-ocal Katiiijj ol Miiii-s, 


etc 


242 


7. Market I'ricis 




242 


H. Miiiiiifj IViiuros and I{( 


yalties 


242 


i). lU-lift Finid.x, Old Ape ] 


'ensions. Trades Unio 


ns, etc.... 242 


10. Sanitation and DiwiaHOH 


ol Workmen 


243 


11. Statistics 




243 


a. — Ooncral ... 






243 


h. — Great Hritain 






243 


c. — Ell rope 






243 


AuHtro-lIunga 
Belgium 


"■y 




243 

243 


France 






243 


(lermany 

Italy 

Portugal 






243 

243 

243 


Kussia 






244 


Scandinavia 






244 


Spain 
(1. — A.sia 






244 

244 


e. — Africa 






244 


f. — America 






244 


Chile 






244 


Nova Scotia 






244 


United States 


of America 




244 


fj. — An.stralasia 






244 


New Caledonia 






244 


Victoria 






244 


12. Transport and Charges 

13. Weights and Measures 






244 

244 


14. Patentfl 






244 



TJIANSACTIONS 

OF 

THE NOllTH OF ENGI.AWJ) INSTITUTE 

OK 

MINING AN]) MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 



I.— GENERAL INDEX. 

VOLS. I. T XXXVII I.— 1 8 5 2 to 18 ^ 1. 



Explanations. 

The Roman Letters refer to the Number of the Volume, and occasionally to 
the Number of the Page of Prefaces and Appendices, thus, p. viii., or j)]). v.-xiv. ; 
or to the Number of the Aj)pendix, thus, app. ii. ; and tlie Arabic Numeral to the 
Number of the Page. 

The — at the beginning of a line denotes the repetition of a woni ; and in the 
case of Names, it includes both tlie Christian Name ami the Surname. 

Discussions are printed in itdlicx. 



/ 



Abatement of smoke, xxxi. 175, Ifll-lO^^. 

Arbot safety-lamp, xi. KiO. 

Abbot's Clitf, shaft, xxxii. f). 

Abbotsbury, iron-ore deposit, xxxv. 1.39. 

Abbotsroyd colliery. New Zealand, 
xxxv. 204. 

Abdy coal-seam, v. 2.32, 233 et seq. 

Ai'.KL dynamite shells, xxxii. .'i?. 

Ap.el, Sir Fred. , inflammability of coal- 
dust, xxxiv. 251, 252. 

— , quoted, xxxi. 145, 146 ; xxxiii. 14. 

Abendstern, Klimmen, boring, xxvi. 23, 
24, 25 ; section, 22. 

Aberaman colliery, explosion, xxxiv. 303. 

, --rentilating-fans, xxvi. 154 ef seq. 

Aberdare, xxxi. 177, 179, 191. 

Aberdaw, xxv. 83, 88. 

Abnormal structure in anthracite, xxxv. 
abs., 57. 

Abrud river, xxxv. 82, 87. 

Abrudbanya, xxxv. 83, 89, 90. 

Abstraction of explosive gas from coal- 
mines, xviii. 151, l.')3, 157-162; plates 
xl.-xli. 

Abstracts of foreign papers, xvi. 1-2 ; 
xxxi. 75-76 ; and end of volumes xxxi.- 
xxxviii. 

papers, proposed, xii. 145. 

proceedings, viii. 173-174. 



(juoted, 



ix. 62 ; X. 
xviii. 180; 



Abyssinia, south, geology, xxxvi. abs. 9 
Acadia coal-seam, analyses, xxvii. 232. 
-, section, xxvii. 231. 

— colliery, xix. 125, 126, 130, 131. 

— mines, Londonderry, Nova Scotia. 
xxvi. 77. 

Acadian Charcoal Iron Co 

xiv. 22. 
Acadian ironworks, xix. 122. 

— series, xxxi. 155. 
Accidents, iv. 298, 302, 303 

19-20; XV. 255, 271-2S1 ; 
xxiii. 233. 

— , anthracite-mines, xxxi. 184. 

— , Belgian mines, xiv. 40. 

— , , regulations concerning, xxxiv. 

277-278. 

— , fire-damp, xxxiii. abs. 40, 67. 

— , gunpowder, xxxiii. 4 ; abs. 101. 

— , proportion in East Somersetshire coal- 
field, iv. 200-201. ■ 

— , steam apparatus, xxxiii. abs. 98, 

— , Warora colliery, xxxviii. 133-137. 

— , winding, xix. app. i. 18 <'t .vrr/. ; xxix. 
202-203, 215. 

— in blasting, xx. 222. 

British collieries, xxxii. app. 4-12. 

collieries, xxvii. 284 ; xxxv. 72 et 

seq., 207, 212-213. 



* The second editions of vols. i. an<l ii. have been indexed. 



GENERAL TXnrX TO TTl ANSACTTOVS. 



Accidents in mines, xv. 53-54, 'J85 ; xxv. 

19-2 104; xxviii. li)S ; xxxi aba. 1.2, 

:\, G, 36 ; XXXV. 241 •24'2: xxxviii. 30. 

271. 

, first reconlrd, xv. 1!H. 

, heiiils of enijuir\' into, i. 2311. 

, provintidii, i. 1.5 IS; v. 22S 229. 

— , Pru.ssitt, xxvii 50, 5.S ; xxxii. 

abs. 23. 
, table from 1743 un«l from 1800, 

i. 292. 

pit-shafts, X. 84-85, 93. 

using electric apparatus, xxxi v. 15- 

17. 

— — VVestphaliaii coal-mines, xxwi. abs. 

17. 

— to win(liii}^-ro])es, xxxv. abs. 5. 
Accounts, annual making Uf>, ix. 234. 
Accumulators, thivelier safety-lamp lock, 

XXX vi. 52-53 ; plate viii. 
— , electrical, xxxiv. 60 62. 
— , hydraulic riveters, xviii. 12, 16. 
Accuracy of planimeter, xxxii. abs. 70. 
AcHAED, Kd. , <|UOted, xxxii. abs. 82. 
— , safety -cage, xxxvii, abs. 70. 
Acheron river, coal-seam, analysis, xxxv. 

198. 

-, — — , section, xxxv. 198. 

Acid moisture, effect on iron-wire, viii. 

170, 180. 

— water in Cape Breton coalmines, xxvi. 
56 '-' •ffj. 

Acids, iictioii on cement, ix. 60, li^ietseq. 

Acklingtou dyke, xxv. 55. 

AcKKoYD. Wm.. Ackroyd & Best safety- 
lamp cleaning machine, xxxvii. 121- 
122 ; plate xxix. 

Acomb, xxiv. 76, 77, 82. 

— coal, xxxiii. 127, 136; xxxvii. 12. 

— colliery, xxviii. 3-4. 

, lightning in disused shaft, xxx. 41. 

Acre coal and limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
Act of Parliament for general drainage, 

proposed, v. 162, 163. 
Action of acids on cement, ix. 143 el 

neq. 
mine water, iv. 273-274, 275, 279- 

281. 

zinc in boilers, xxxii. abs. 10. 

Adalbert mine, Przibram, xxxv. 226. 

— shaft, Przil)iam, xxxiii. abs. 11. 
Adams, Mark, quoted, xxxiii. 81, 82. 
Adams, Thus., direct-acting spring safety- 
valve, xxi. 285-286 ; plate xlvi. 

Adams, W. H., quoted, xxxii. abs. 84; 

xxxiv. abs. 25. 
Adams and Brown*, quoted, xxxviii. 89. 
Adamson, — , quoted, xxxvii. 222. 
Adamson, Daniel, quoted, xxiv. 26 ; 

xxix. 92. 
— , application of countp/rhalanrim/ and 

expansimi to winding-enriine't, xxv. 208- 

209, 210-211. 
— , Linro/ nshire irwiitone, xxiv. 158- 

162, 163. 



AhcoCK rack and pinion, xxi. 271-272. 

Adderbury, Oxford, xxxv. 123. 

— , -, iron-ore out put, xxxv. 124. 

Addison pit, Towndey, direct-acting en- 
gine, XV. 157 '/ ■>•"/.; plates xxii.xxiv. 

Adelaide colliery. Bishop Auckland, 
working broken, xvi. 110. 

, , surveys, xx. 92. 

Adelsberg grotto, iv. 92, 94-95, 102- 105; 
views, iv. 106. 

.Aden, eartlupiakes, xxxvii. 56. 

Adgarlcy iron mines, xxxiv. 02-93 

Akii; niiniis' dial, xx. 25. 

Adits, xviii. 174, 177-178. 

A<lmission of air to coke-ovens, syst«Mii 
of, viii. 118-110. 

— - — cr)llifry engineers, xxiii. 65. 
non-members, viii. 10-20, 85. 

— to meetings of undervieweis and 
overmen, xi. 211-212. 

— — visitors, xi. 225. 

Adrianople, iii. 69. 

Advance in mining, etc., since 1875, xxxii. 
abs 33. 

Advertising of Transactions, iii. 235 ; iv. 
262. 

Aerial wire-ro|)e tramways, xxxv. abs. 
70-71. 

Aetites, xxv. G3. 

Afghan frontier, minerals, xxxiv. abs. 17- 

Africa, coal, xxxvii. abs. 63, 78. 

— , copper deposits, xxxiv. abs. 60. 

Afterdamp, in experiments with coal- 
dust, xxxiv. 243. 

Age and formation of coal, viii. 107, 185 ; 
xi. 163. 

— of Antrim iron-ore deposits, xxx. 
112-11.3. 

boilers, xxx. 82. 

coal, vi. 23, 38; xxx. 19. 

gold-bearing rocks, xxxi. 155-161. 

humatite-deposits, xxviii. 137-142; 

xxxi. 229-230. 
Huelva pyrites-deposits, xxxvii. 29, 

45, 40-50. 

Nova Scotian gypsum, xxx. 53-54. 

Pennsylvanian coal-field, xiii. 09- 

100, 157, 163-165. 

Tkvibuli coal, xxxvii. 09. 

Agecroft coUierv, endless chain, xv. 

90. 

, pumping-engine, xv. 22-23. 

Agent to Duke of Northumberland, ix. 

240. 
Agglomer<;s de St. Vaast, xxvii. 175. 
Agnes pit, xxviii. 128. 
Agriculture, xxii. 51-52. 
Agricultural Survey of Dumfries, quoted, 

^^ii. 159-160. 
Agriculturists, xxi. 243. 
AcuiLLON, L., quoted, xxxi. abs. 7, 14, 

17 ; xxxii. abs. 6. 
Aguillon and Pernolet, report on 

English fiery mines reviewed, xxxi. 5- 

27 : plates i.-xi. 



VOLUMES I. lO XXXVIII. 



Aid colliery, section, xi. 107- lOH. 

— crag, xxviii. 4. 

colliery, xxii. 122. 

, boring, 125-126. 

Aiket muir boring, section, xi. (il. 

Air, density in circulation, increase of, i. 

145; vii. 115, 129, 185. 
— , quality necessary to support life, ii. 

44. 
— , system of admission to coke-ovens, 

viii. 118, 119. 

— as a non-conductor, xxxii. 175, 178. 

— Balloon pit, section, xxvii. 97- 

— blast in coal-cleaning, xxxi. abs. 1 1 ; 
xxxvii. abs. 45. 

ore-dressing, xxxvi. abs. 22. 

Air-breathing apparatus, xxxi. 133-1.S4. 
Air-changes in upcast shafts, iv. 203. 
Air-compressLng machinery', xxii. 20-22, 

30-36, 71-79; xxviii. 43. 

, Anzin, xxvii. 269, 271-272. 

, Belgian mines, xxvii. 180-181. 

, Hurd and Simpson, xxiii. 109- 

110; plates xxxi. -xxxiii. 
, loss of pressure, xxxi. abs. 28- 

29, 31. 
, lubricated with light mineral 

oils, xxxviii. 3-12. 
, patents for, xxv. app. ii. 18- 

19. 
, Ryhope colliery, xxi. 73-82, and 

plates xiv.-xxii. 
, St. Vaast, Belgium, xxi. 199- 

218 ; plate xxxiii. 

— — — , Skelton Park mine, xxxi. 
105-107. 

Air-condenser, xxix. 77-78. 
Air-coursing, vii. 31 et seq., ()2etseq., 105 

et seq. 
Air-crossings, vii. 14, 36. 
, South Wales collieries, xxxi. 15 ; 

plate i. 
Air-currents, eflfective area, xxxii. abs. 

18-21. 
in mines, determination of velocities, 

X. 207-239, 241-242, 249-251. 
, experiments on resistance, 

xxxviii. 205-218 ; plates xi. -xxiii. 
— upcast shafts, heated, xiii. 53-56. 

— distributors, in coke-ovens, ix. 36, 
40, 45. 

— engines, v. 114; xxxvi. 143. 
, regenerators, xxxiii. abs. 88. 

— expansion, i. 84-85. 

Air-feed drill, Jeffrey, xxxviii. abs. 23. 
Air-friction, in ventilating-fans, xxxii. 
29 et .seq., 116 e^ seq.: plate vii. 

— — , loss of power from, xxxi. 94 et seq. , 
238 et seq. 

Air-heading, South Staffordshire, x. 186- 

187. 
Air-heaters for blast-furnaces, xxxiii. abs. 

89-90. 
Air-jigs, ore-dressing, xxxvi. abs. 20. 
Air of mines, moisture, xxxviii. abs. 34. 



Air of mines, physical state, iv. 8 et seq., 
203 et seq. 

— pressure, i. 87. 

a[)plied to purify coke, xxii. 12-13. 

Air-pump, in expansive [mmping-engine, 

xxiii. 0-7 ; plate viii. 
Air-pumps, iv. 292. 
Air-receiver, Ryhope, explosion, xxxii. 

179 ; xxxvi. 3-4. 
— , — , — , report, xxxvii. 197-217 ; 

plates xli.-xlix. 
Air-resistance, i. 97-102. 
Air-return, xii. 131. 
Air-splitting in mines, iii. 114-147, 331 

et seq. ; vi. 163 ; vii. 14 et seq., 36 et seq., 

44 et seq., 62 et seq., 105 et seq., 112- 

113; X. 139-140, 141, 164; xii. 95 et 

seq. ; xiii. 6 et seq. ; xix. 34-35. 
, none in Yorkshire collieries, xvii. 

112. 
Air-trows, x. 187. 

Air-trunk, diagram of, ii. 72 ; plate vi. 
Air-velocity in pipes, formulae for, iii. 

207-211. 

short tubes, iii. 82 et seq. , 349. 

Air vessels in pumping-engines, xxi. 92 et 

seq., 115-121, 154-157; plates xxvii.- 

xxix. 
Air-ways, relative ventilating power of, 

xxxiii. 93-94, 97-99. 
, specific resistances of, in mines, iii. 

1 54 et seq. , ]85 et seq. 
, Springwell colliery, xiii. 10, 11, 4S- 

50, 104-105 ; diagrams, facing 48. 
AiREY, Sir G. B., letter on density of 

the eai-th, iii. 58-59. 
Airless water in boilei's, xv. 7 et seq., 4'^ 

et seq. 
Airtight coal-bunkers, xxv. 123 et seq , 

178 et seq. 

— dress, ii. 86 et seq. 

AiTA, Dr. Luigi, quoted, xxvii. 3 et seq. 

AlTKEN, Henry, coke-ovens. Almond 
ironworks, xxiv. 97-99 ; plates xviii.-xx. 

— , extraction of oil and amnioniacal 
liquors in coking coal in ovens, xxix. 
81-84, 192-194, 195-166 ; plate v. 

— , inclination of boreholes, xxix. 192. 

Aix la Chapelle, experiments with coal- 
dust, xxxiv. 232 ; xxxvii. abs. 82. 

Akeld, XXX. 12-', 123. 

Alabama coal and iron, xxxiii. abs. 65. 

— coal-fields, xxxiv. abs. 23-24. 
Alabaster, xxx. 57. 

Alais coal-field, xxxv. abs. 31. 

— , map of, v. 27. 

Alarm-whistle-fioat, Turnbull, xi. 30, 

49. 
Alaska, cannel coal, xxxviii. abs. 19. 
Alaverdj" copper-deposits, xxxv. abs. 9. 
Albert, late Prince Consort, xi. 99. 
Albertite, xxiii. 1(58. 
Alberts, C, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 78. 
Albion mines, xix. 123-125, 12(i, 127, 130, 
131 : xxxi. abs. 7. 



(JKM'.UAI. 1M)I\ 1(1 ri{ WSAl riONS. 



Al.BY, — , <|iioU"(l, xxxvii. aha. .M). 
Ai.Dis, Pkok. W. S. , interniil stress in 

cyliiiilriottl iiml spliericjil duins, xxxii. 

201 Jl.J, '2'2] ■•2-2'2. 
— , (I'liilutt ri iitilttfiii'i/iiii, xxvii. ll.'t-llS. 
— , iniitlii'iniiticiil tlieory of Ainsler 

phininiftor, xxviii. 'JII "Jl't. 
Alilwarkf miiiii oollii-ry, i'X|)fiiMieiits 

witli HoutU'il^t'Jolmson safcty-liiiiip, 

xxxiv. IS7. 189. 
Alkx.xkkk, v., (jiiotcil, xxxviii alts. !).S-94. 
Alexaiuler coal-st-ams, section, xxviii. AT. 
Ai-KX.\Ni>KK ventilating-fan, xxxvi. al)8. 

46. 
Alfxanilria and ("airo railway, viii. 74. 
Alfreton l)last-finnat'es, waste of fuel, 

ix. ISiMHT. 
Aij;kk furnaeo, xiii. 1.'?/). 
Aljieria, iron-ores, xxxiv. ;il>s. \'^. 
Alija.sali, Anatolia, iii. (>3. 
Aljustnl, xxxvii. '29. 
Allan, Ireliuul, l>o^,' of, xii. .'U. 
Ai.I..\N,.)<»HN, pyrites -deposits of |>rovince 

of Huelva, xxxvii. 27-44 ; plates ii.-iv. 
Allanshaw colliery, broken workings, 

xxxi. 1(> ; j)late ii. 
Alleghany coal-field, iv. 1.S3 ; xii. 32. 
Allendale, xxxiv. 128, 129, 13); general 

sections, 13H. 
-- mines, xiii. 195, 190, 198. 
AUenheads, section, xiii. 18(> ; xviii. 178. 

— mines, temperature observations, xxxi. 
<)(), 7 1 , 72. 

Allen's Close, xxviii. 4, 5. 

— Oreen colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 
22, 23, 141. 

AUenshead, xxviii. 4, 5. 
AUerbv borehole, xxxiii. 129. 
AUerdian coal, ix. 203 ; xxxvii. 13. 

— colliery, xiii. 73. 

, west pit, plan of steam-jets, i. 238 ; 

plate xiii. 
Allhallows colliery, xxxiii. 132, 133, 140, 

142; section, 149. 
Alliance electric machine, xxxiv. 18. 
Allier coal-measures, xxxvi. abs. 10. 
Allison, T., quoted, xix. 194, 197; xxi. 

2:.4. 
Allowance of firing, xv. 213. 
Alluvial gold, xxxi. 161-163. 
Almaden, mines and works, xxxviii. abs. 

53, 54. 

— (juicksilver-mine, xxxii. abs. 50 ; 
xxxviii. abs. 8. 

Almerian lead-ores, xxxiii. abs. 37. 
Almond ironworks, Falkirk, coke-ovens, 

xxiv. 97-99; plates xviii. -xx. 
Alnwick, synopsis of strata, xxxvii. 13. 
Aloe ropes, xxxi. abs. 23. 
Alonsos branch railway, xxxiii. 228. 
Alosno copper-mines, xxxiv. abs. 63. 
Alpes maritimes, manganese-deposits, 

XXXV. aV)s. 42. 
Alphabetical list of collieries, ii. 284-287 ; 

abstract of, iii. app. 1 -8. 



Alps, perforation of, xxxii. abs. 38. 

— , Simpion tunnel, temj)erature, xxxi. 

abs. 44. 
— , 'J'auern, ^{old-tlistrict, xxxi. aba. 38. 
Alsatia, petroleum -deposits, xxxiv. abs. 

67. 
Alston, xxiv. 75-77, SO 82, 134-137. 14.". ; 

section, I3.'M34. 
— , anthracitic coal near, xxxvii. I'Jl. 
Alston moor, xiii. 114, 190, 191, 193-196; 

xiv. 45; xviii. 165-167, 173, 177; xxxi. 

218; xxxiv. 128-13(1; general section, 

136. 
Altenwald collier^', iron supports, xxxvii. 

1.37 139. 
Alteration of bye-laws, xxi. 82 ; xxxviii. 

76a, 761), 183-185. 

rul(!S, xxi. 82; xxvi. 131, 144. 

iron-ores, xxxv. 147-149, I5()-15(). 

limestone, xxvii. 74, 76-77, "8, S4. 

Alternating-current machines, xxxiv. 17 

(i s(fj. 

Altwasser coal, analysis, xxxvii. abs. 3. 
Alum shales, xxxii. .52. 

— works, xxxi. 56-57. 
Aluminium safety-lamp, ix. 255-'2.56. 

— wire-gauze, for safety-lamps, xi. 178- 
179. 

Alvensleben coal-seam, section, xxviii. 
56. 

Alwinton, xxx. 125, 126. 

Amadou smoke, air-velocity determina- 
tions by, x. 212-213. 

Amalgamation of gold, xxxi. 165-167 ; 
xxxv. 86, 91. 

mining institutes, xviii. 29, .32-33 ; 

xxxv. 243. 

— with Mining Association of Great 
liritain, xxxvi. 178. 

Amandus Flache silver-mines, xxxvi. 
abs. 37, 38. 

— silver-lode, xxxvii. abs. 2. 
Amasserah mines, iii. 66. 

— coal, iii. 69. 
Amble harbour, ii. 125. 
Amhonyrhia Triton, drawing, ix. 189. 
Ambulance, Fitzwilliam, xxxvii. 260. 

— classes, xxxi. 134. 

America, coal-measures and oil-produce, 
xxv. 101, 145-175; plates xlii.-xlix ; 
xxvi. 28, 31. 

— , Central, coal and iron, xxxv. abs. 32. 

— -, coal and iron production, iv. 125. 
— , coal production, vi. 67. 

■ — , coke, xxxv. abs. 37. 

— , English coal used, x. 41, 60. 

— , Illinois, coal, xxxv. abs. 32. 

— , Leadville, ore-deposits, xxxv. abs. 7. 

— , Louisiana, quicksilver, xxxv. alts. 41. 

— , .Massachusetts, metaniorphic coal- 
deposit, xxxv. abs. 40. 

— , natural gas, xxxvii. abs. 57-58. 

— , Nebraska, coal, xxxv. abs. 40. 

— , New Brunswick, antimon^ , xxxv. abs. 
24. 



VOLTIMKS I. TO XXXVIll. 



America, Noilli Carolina, coal-lields, 

XXXV. abs. '25. 
— , Punta Arenas, coal, xxxvii. al)S. 4/). 
— , South, coal production, xxxvii. abs. 

78. 
— , St. Louis tunnel, ventilation, xxxii. 

abs. 6.3. 
— , Tennessee, coal and iron, xxxv. abs. 8. 
— , Utah, iron, xxxv. abs. 49. 
American boring system, xxxv. 225. 

— borings, results, xxxviii. abs. 45. 

— collieries, fire-damp explosions, table, 
xxxi. 87. 

— lignites, xxv. 169. 

— mining and metallurgy, statistics, 
xxxii. abs. 33-;^5. 

— pumping-engines, duty of, xxi. 139. 
Ammonia from coke-oven gases, xii. 217 ; 

xxxii. abs. 44. 
Amnioniacal liquors, extraction of, in 
coke-manufacture, xxix. S1-S5, 192-197; 
plate V. 

— products of coking, xxii. 5-(). 
Ammonite zones, xxxv. 110, 113, 13S, 141. 
A)nmonite>i-se)nicostatii.s zone, xxx\'. 109; 

section, xxxv. 145. 
Ammonium sulphate, manufacture, xxii. 

5, 6. 
Amperemeter, xxxiv. 56-57. 
Amslkr planimeter, mathematical 

theory of, xxviii. 211-215. 
Amsterdam canal, xxxv. 229, 232. 
Amuri limestone, xxxv. 175. 
Anemia, miners, xxxii. abs. 52. 
Analyses, ankerite, xiv. 18 ; xxvi. 78. 
— , apatite, Canada, xxxvii. abs. 37- 

— , basalt, xxi. 254. 

— , — , Antrim, xxx. 111. 
— , basic-slag, France, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
— , bauxite, France, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
— , blanqiiillo, xxxvii. 34. 
— , blast-furnace chai'ges, Denain, xxvii. 
261. 

— , gases, ix. 137. 

— , brine, xiii. 18. 

— , cannel, iii. 17. 

— , cast-iron, iv. 135 ; xi. 22. 

• — , chalk, xiii. 126. 

— , cinder, Haswell, iii. 23 ; xii. 200. 

— , clay, xiii. 221. 

— , — , Berry, xxxvii. abs. 13. 

— , Cleveland ironstone, v. 210-212 ; xiii. 
130, 131 ; xxxii. 47, 49. 

-, coal, iii. 14, 15, 17, 23 ; iv. 130 ; v. 

30 ; vi. 30, 37, 48 ; xi. 171 ; xiii. 125 ; 

xxiv. 214 ; xxxi. 177. 
— , — , anthracite, iii. 23 ; xii, 174. 
-, — , — , Italy, xxxvii. abs. 2. 

, — , — , Slievardagh, xxvi. 40. 

, — , — , Wales, xxvi. 40. 
-- , — , Australia, iv. 191 ; vi. 4S, .50 ; 

xxxvii. 149. 
— , — , Austria, iv. 100. 
— , — , bituminous, xxvi. 40 ; xxxi. 177. 
— , — , Bristol, xxx. 18. 



Analyses, coal, caking, xiii. 219. 
-, Canada, xxvii. 215-241. 
-, cannel, Wales, xix. 78. 
■, Caucasus, xxxvii. 9U-9<. 
-, China, xxxvii. aba. 5, 18. 
-, coking, viii. 113. 
— , comparative, xxxi. 177. 
— , Dutch East Indies, xxxiv. abs. 43. 
— , Formosa, xxxiv. 76. 
— , France, v. 30 ; xxxvii. abs. 88. 
— , Gloucestershire, xxvii. 92, 91. 
— , household, xiii. 220. 
— , India, xxx. 15; xxxi. abs. 47 ; 
xxxii. 152; xxxvii. abs. 49 ; xxxviii. 
82, 85, 90. 

-, Italy, xxxvii. abs. 2, 37. 
, New South Wales, vi. 37; xxxviii. 
16. 

— , New Zealand, xxxv. 179-183, 185. 
186, 188, 190, 194-196, 198, 199, 202, 
204, 207, 209, 210. 

-, Newfoundland, xxiii. 173. 
-, North America, iv. 130, 133; 
xiii. 26, 27, 33. 
— , Nova Scotia, xix. 120, 121, 133- 
36, 158-160, 163; xxii. 142-144; xxiv. 
!13. 

— , Pennsylvania, xiii. 27, 33. 
— , Port Natal, xvii. 80. 
— , pyrites, xiii. 223. 
— , Roumelia, ii. 225. 
— , Russia, xxiv. 7, 8, 10; xxxvii. abs. 
94. 
— , Sarti, xxxviii. 82. 
— , Scotland, xxix. 192, 19;?. 
— , Silesia, xxxvii. abs. 3. 
— , South Wales, xxxviii. 89. 
— , Spain, Catalonia, xxxvi. 35, 36. 
— , steam, xiii. 220. 
— , — , Welsh, xxvi. 40. 
— , Styria, iv, 100. 
— , Sumatra, xxxvii. abs. 67. 
— , Tanfield, Cowpen, Haswell, iii. 
14, 23 ; xii. 200 ; xiii. 219, 220. 
— , Tasmania, vi. 37. 

— , Telwasa, xxxviii. SI. 
— , Turkey, iii. 73. 
— , Wardha, xxxviii. 85-88. 
— , white, iv. 191, 192. 
coal-ash, iii. 14, 15. 
coal-dusts, (Jerman, xxxiv. 232, 233. 
coal-gases, viii. 115. 
coal-measure waters, France, xxxv. 

djs. 1. 

coal-nodules. New South Wales, 
cxxvii. 149. 
coals, various, xxiv. 214. 

— and cokes, xii. 174, 199, 200. 
lignites, xxxiii. abs. 51. 

coke, iii. 23; viii. 125; xii. 174, 
199 ; xiii. 125 ; xxvi. 79. 

— , Northern F'rance, xxvii 261. 
— , Scotland, xxix. 193. 

— and waste gases, xxii. 91 
coke-ash, viii. 123. 



(.KNKUAl. INDIA 1(» TKANSAC 1 IONS. 



Analyses, colliery-water, xiii. 2*2(». 

, coiuliustihk' iiiiUcrials, xxxiii. ubs.Ti'i. 
— , c<)j>|iir jiyiiU-s, xiii. '2'H. 
— , iloloiiiitc, xxxvii. iil>s. li"). 

— , (lusl fruiii bliiHt furiitict'.s, xiii. Ki.'i. 
-, explosivis, xxxiii. iil»8. 8. 

— , liricliiy, iii. 13, 14 ; xiii. *2*2I. 

— , Hrc-(liiiii|i, i. 288 ; ii. 8. 

— , fiMKls, viinous, xxxii. UG. 

— , foivi' pig iron, xxiv. 27. 

— , fuels, xi. 171 ; xxvi. 'Ml 

— , fume, xiii. I'.VA. 

— , galena, xii. 20") ; xiii. 224. 

— , gas, explosive, Newliottle, xv. 101. 

— , -, inllannnahle, xii. I'JO, 201, 202. 

— , gases, i. S.'iG. 

— , — evolved from coal, xxv. 41. 

— , - occluded in coal-dust, xxxvii. 245, 

253, 254. 
— , — produced in coke-ovens, viii. 115. 
— , yielded by coal, xxvi. 35. 
— , gold. Nova Scotia, xxxi. 169. 
— , graphite, xi. 21, 171. 

— > a^'^y cast-iron on treatment with 
acitls, xi. 20, 21. 

- , gypsum, Nova Scotia, xxx. 58-60, 63. 
— , Henderson steel, xxxvii. abs. 65, 66. 
— , iron, glazy, xiii. 1.36. 

— , , various grades, xiii. 145, 146. 
— , iron-ores, iv. 135, i:<6 ; xxiv. 26, 28- 
30; xxvii. 132. 

— , , Berry, xxxvii. abs. 12. 

— , — — , French secondary, xxv. 75- 

77. 

— , , haematite, v. 10. 

— , , — , brown, xxvii. 1.S4, 136. 

- , . — , Cumberland, xiii. 146; xxx. 

29. 

— , , — , micaceous, xxvi. 77- 

— , , — , Pipulgaon, xxxviii. 166. 

— , , — , red, xxxi. 75, 83-85. 

— , , India, xxxviii. 166. 

— , , Lohara, xxxviii. I6f>. 

— , , Michigan, xxxvii. abs. 74. 

— , , Mississippi, xxxvii. abs. 6. 

— , , Spain, xxxvii. 30. 

— , — -, spathic, xxvi. 81 ; xxvii. 134. 

— , , specular, xxvi. 84. 

— , , titaniferous, xxvi. 72. 

— , , Virginia, xxxiv. abs. 21. 

— , -, Weardale, xiii. 144, 145. 

— , iron-pyrites. Walker, xii. 205 ; xiii. 

223. 
— , ironstone, iii. 24 ; xxiii. 208, 211-214. 
— , — , Cleveland, iii. 24 ; v. 210-212 ; 

xiU. 130, 131 ; xxxii. 47, 49. 
— , — , Consett, xiii. 146. 
— , --, Hareshaw, xiii. 146. 
— , — , Lincolnshire, xxxii. 47. 
— , — , magnetic, xiii. 144. 
— , — , Muirkirk haematite, v. 10. 
— , — , musselband, iii. 16; xiii. 221. 
— , — , Redesdale, xiii. 146. 
— , — , Rosedale, xxxii. 47. 
-, -, Soiith Wales, xxiiL 208, 211-214. 



Aualyses, ironstone, various, xiii. i:(l, 
1 39. 

, lignite, xi. 171- 

, liniesloiie, iii. 24 ; xiii. 126 ; xxi. 254, 
26.) 267, 269. 270 ; xxvi. 87. 
— , limestone, Deepdale, xxxii. 50. 
— , — , India, xxxviii. 166, 167- 
— , — , niagnesian, xiii. 222; xxi. 266, 

267, 209. 
- , limonite, xxvi. 76, 77, S4. 
--, magnetite, xxvi. 72, 75. 
— , metal blaiKjuillo, Spain, xxxvii. .34. 
— , — tubbing, xi. 20, 22 ; xii. 207 ; xiii. 

221. 
— , mine-waters, iv. 275 ; xxix. 53. 

, mineral grease, xii. 206. 
— , oats, xxxii. 156. 

, ores, xiv. 18-20. 
— , — , San I'ietro, xxxiv. 150. 
— , peat, xi. 171 ; xxvi. 39; xxxvii. abs. 

15, 16. 
-, phosphate, Sommu, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
— , pig iron, xiii. 1.37, 139 ; xxiv. 27; xxvi. 

73, 7« ; xxvii. 1.34. 
— , pyrites, France, xxxvii. abs. 71. 
— , -, Huelva, xxxvii. .30, iiO, 40. 
— , — , Virginia, xxiv. abs. 25. 
— , Redesdale limestone, xxii. 120. 
— , red oxide, xiv. 19. 
— , rocks, xxviii. 14, 110, HI, 122, 124, 

135-136. 
— , salt, Middlesbrough, xiii. 18. 
-, sandstones, iii. 16 ; xiii. 222 ; xxiv. 

154. 
— , scum, xiii. 136. 
— , shale, iii. 15, 16. 
— , — , Italy, xxxvii. abs. II. 
— , — , bituminous, xiii. 221. 
— , — , blue, xiii. 221. 
— , shell-ore, xiv. 20. 
— , siliceous deposits, Berry, xxxvii. 

abs. 12. 
— , slags," xiii. 131, 1.32, 140, 145. 
— , — , Fiance, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
— , — , Huelva, xxxvii. 33. 
— , sooty deposit from Hartley and 

Welsh coals, xiv. 55. 
— , steel. North America, xxxvii. abs. 

65, 66. 
— , sulphate of baryta, xii. 206. 
— , waste-heap. Buddies West Hartley, 

iii. 22. 
— , water, iv. 275 ; xii. 203, 204 ; xiii. 

226. 
— , — , Lake UUswater, xxiv. 51. 
— , wood, xxvi. 39. 
Anatolia, coal, iii. 61. 
Anclior coke-oven, ix. .'59-40, 50 ; sections 

and plan facing 36. 
Ancient British iron-workings, xxxiv. 84. 
— lead-mines, xviii. 171-172. 
Andalusia, gold, xxxv. abs. .35-36, 61-62. 
Andaman Isles, minerals, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Andermatt, xxxiii. 21, 23, 31, 34. 
Anderson, — , quoted, iii. app. 3, 8. 



VOLIMES I. TO XXXVlIl. 



Anueuson, Dk., quoted, iii. 11, "21. 
Andekkon, Oeo., letter on How of gas, 

iii. 217, 218. 
— , quoted, iii. 219 at seq., 330. 
Anderson, Jo)in, quoted, xxix. 180. 
Andekson, Hobt. , quoted, xv. 158. 
Anderson, Wm., ii. 77 et seq. 
— , aacensioual ventilation, viii. 12. 
--, chalybeate mine-waters, v. 22. 
— , death of, vii. 3. 

— , Hetton colliery-explosion, ix. 108-109. 
— , New South Wales coal-field, vi. 23. 
— , quoted, i. 2, 191 ; xv. 256. 
— , working and ventilation of coal-mines, 

vii. 54. 
— , working overlying and underlying 

coal-seams, v. 19. 
Anderton, Geo., quoted, xxxiii. 4. 
Andes, silver-ores, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
Andreae, a., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Andrews, Prof. E B., quoted, xxv. 229. 
Andrew's House colliery, xv. 238. 

, fixed engine, iii. 307-309. 

, haulage-experiments, iii. 254, 

265, 267, 307, 308. 
, plan of shaft-foot an<l engine, 

and plan and section of engine-plane, 

iii. facing 318. 

— — — , steam haulage experiments, 
V. 106. 

Anemometers, xxvii. 121 et ,seg. 

— , Biram, x. 216, 222, 226. 

— , Bongui, X. 237. 

— , Combes, x. 216, 228. 

— , complex, X. 239. 

— , Dickinson, ii. 82, 83, 85 ; x. 237 ; 

xvii. 4. 
— , experiments with, x. 208 ct seq., 214, 

227, 241-242, 249-251. 
— , friction, iii. 335 ; x. 214, 217, 219, 

227, 228, 233. 
— , Henant, x. 237, 238. 
— , Leslie, x. 239. 
— , Lind, X. 237. 
— , machine for testing, xxx. 276-277 ; 

plate xlviii. 
— , Osier, X. 236. 
— , pressure, x. 237-239. 
— , revolving, x. 216-236. 
— , — , used with telephonic ventilation 

tell-tale, xxviii. 68. 
— , Robinson, x. 236. 
— , Steward, x. 2.37. 
— , Whewell, x. 236. 

— in mines, iii. 166-167. 
Aneroid indicator, xv. 171. 
Angers, Silurian slates, xxxii. abs. 45. 
Anglers or angling lodes, xxxi. 157 ; 

section, 173. 
Anglo-French pneumatic tube, xxxiv. 

abs. 41-42. 
Anhydrite, xxx. 57-59. 
— , analysis, xxx. 59. 
Aniche Colliery Co., xxvii. 154-155. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xvi. 72-73. 



Aniche Colliery Co., mines, xxvii. 

17M73, 253.2,''j7 ; plates xxii., xxix. 
Animalcula; in water, xxiv. 91, 94. 
Anita mine, endless-chain, xxxiii. 188 

et ncj/. 
Anjou, c(jal-measures, xxxv. abs. 24. 
Ankek lubricator, xxvii. 9. 

— patent tub grea.ser, xxv. 218; plate Ixi. 
Ankerite, xiv. 18, 19; xxvi. 76, 77, 83. 
— , analysis, xxvi. 78. 

Annales des Travaux Publics, exchange 
with, xiii. 204. 

Annan, basins, viii. 156-158. 

Annandale, ix. 62. 

Annesley colliery, Nottinghamshire, long- 
wall working, xxi. 3-9, 104-111 ; plates 
i-iii. , XXV. -xxvi. 

Anniversary dinner, iii. 374; xi. 211,226. 

Annstead, great fault, xxxiii. 69-80; 
plate ii. 

— biun, xxxiii. 69 ; section, xxxiii. 
79. 

— rocks, xxxiii. 69, 78, 79. 

— sands, xxxiii. 77, 78, 80. 

Annual coal-production, statistics, xxxii. 
142-147. 

— I'eport, ii. pp. vii.-xi.; iii. pp. vi.-xiv. ; 
iv. pp. vi.-xiv.; v. pp. vii. -xiv. ; vi. pp. 
vii.-x.; vii. p. vii. et seq.; viii. pp. xi.- 
xviii. ; ix. pp. ix.-xviii. ; xi. pp. ix.-xvi. ; 
xii. pp. ix.-xvi. ; xiii. pp. v.-xii. ; xiv. 
pp. v.-xii.; xv. pp. v.-xii.; xvi. pp. v.- 
xii.; xvii. pp. v.-xii.; xviii. pp. v. -xiv. ; 
xix. pp. v.-xvi. ; xx. pp. v.-xviii. ; xxi. 
pp. v.-xii ; xxii. pp. v.-xiv. ; xxiii. pp. 
v.-xiv.; xxiv. pp. v.-xiv.; xxv. pp. v.- 
xiv.; xxvi. pp. v.-xiv.; xxvii. pp. vii.- 
xvi. ; xxviii. pp. vii. -xvi. ; xxix. pp. v.- 
xvi.; xxx. pp. v.-xvi. ; xxxi. pp. vii. -xvi. ; 
xxxii. pp. v.-xx. ; xxxiii. pp. v.-xiv.; 
xxxiv. pp. vii. -xvi. ; xxxv. pp. vii. -x\'i. ; 
xxxvi. pp. v.-xiv.: xxxvii. pp. v.-xiv.; 
xxxviii. pp. iii. -xii., 220-221. 

— values, minerals, xxi. 167. 

— yield, coal, China, xv. 70-73. 
Annuities to Belgian miners, xiii. 59 tt 

seq. ; xiv. 40. 
An.sell, G. F. , fire-damp indicator, xxvi. 

133. 
T-, fire and choke-damp indicators, xv. 

163, 165-173. 
— , method of indicating the presence of 

fire and choke-damp in coal-mines, xvi. 

2-3. 
— , quoted, xv. 288. 
Ansley, section, xxxiii. 162. 
Ansted, Prof., quoted, xi. 163-164, 167- 

169 ; xii. 32. 
Anthracite, iii. 21-23; iv. 129-130; vi. 75, 

77 ; xxiii. 210 ; xxvi. 29-31, 39, 43-47 ; 

xxvii. 153, 155, 157-160. 
— , Alston, xxxvii. 121. 
— , calorific value, xvii. 72. 
— , broken, weight per cubic foot, xxxviii. 

abs. 67. 



GKNEllAL INDIA Id TK A NS.\( I'lONS. 



Antlinii'ite, cuul ifnimi, Nmlli Aiin-iira, 
xiii. •2540, !ttl lOH, i:)7, lUJ KHi, •JOl'. 

- , , PuuuHylvHuiii, xxxiii. aim. 4'J, 

65. 

— , efTfct of viirying Iuiuik riilmc tui, 

XXV. 4'J. 
— , furiiiiition of, xi. 17-. 
— , gift of siKiiimn.s of, xiii. !•!). 
-, neliroithil .slriKtmr in, xxxv. alis. .")". 
— , Ituly, xxxvii. al)s. '2. 

— ami lime, Maurieiuie, xxxiii. ali 



85. 
ab» 



mctuiures, Pennsylvania, 
41. 

mines, I8^I•c, xxxii. ahs. 2!). 

, I'enn.sylvania, xxv. l.")l-l.")4, map, 
170 ; xxxi. ali.s. 1'2. 

— — , , lire-damp exjilo.sions, xxxi. 
85U1. 

— , South Wales, xxxi. 175 195; plates 

xxix. xxxii. 
-- production, xxxi. 17!MSI. 
Anti-explosive apparatus, boilers, iv. 

40. 
Antigonish coal-field, xix. i;^(M.'{7. 

— county, XXX. 55. 

Antimonv, annual production, xxi. ISO, 

196. 
— , N/ew Hrunswick, xxxv. abs. '24. 

— in coal-beds, xii. '205. 

— mine, xi. 76. 

— vein, (Uemlinning, xi. 66. 
Anticlinals, xxiii. '216; xxxi. 153, l.')4, 

156. 
Antrim, general section, xxx. IKi. 

— , iron-ores, xxx. 107-113 ; plates xxiii. - 
xxvi. ; xxxi. 47 ; xxxii. abs. l-'2. 

Anziu, coal-staiths, xxxii. abs. 8'2. 
Anzin Collikky Co., xxvii. 150-152, 

154. 
Anzin mines, xxvii. 173-176, '257, "264- 

•273 ; plates xxii.-xxiii., xxxi.-xxxiv. 

, earthquakes in, xxxviii. abs. 18. 

, Lemielle ventilator, v. 133. 

Aorere valley, xxxv. 185 ; section, xxxv. 

•2'20. 
,\patite, Canada, xxxiv. abs. 23 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 37. 
Aplerbeck, Coppre coke-ovens, xxii. 96. 
Apparatus for ventilation-experiments, 

i. 164 ; plate xii. 

— — working in noxious air, ii. 42 
et seq., 85-89 ; xxiv. 1*29 ; xxxi. 197. 

Appearance of iron-ore dej)Osits, xxxv. 

109, 110, 116, 119-1-23, r26, 128, 130, 

133, 140, 144. 
Apple river, xix. 117, 119. 
Ai'FLECAKTH, , DeuajTouzc apparatus 

for exploring dangerous gases, xxiv. 

1'29-130. 
Application of counter - balancing to 

winding-engines, xxv. 201. 
Applications of engine-power, section, v. 

122. 

gypsum, xxx. 64-65. 

jet, xxxi. 55-56, 205. 



Appointment of secretary, ix. (»6-67, 
•232.'233, •252-253 ; xi. 6; xii. N5 147 ; 
xvi. 1'28. 
Ari'ol.T coke-oven, xxii. 7, IS ; phites 

vii.xi. 
Apprenticeship system, xxi. '26, 4'2. 
Aqueous vapour, table of tensions, iii. 

180-184. 
Arakan oil-region, xxxvi. abs. II. 
Are lamps, xxxiv. *25 it siq. 
- - light, xxx. 150. 
Aik;.\1)Ian Ch.vkcoal Ikon Comi-any, 

viii. 124. 
Archbald, U.S.A., xiii. '26, *28, 31 ; sec- 
tion, 37-38. 
Akciikk, — , qiu)ted, xi. 216. 
AuciiKK, W.M., Lundliill colliery ex- 
plosion, V. '240. 
Akchik ani> RoitsoN, sprayer, xxxvi. 

99-102. 
Archurbick burn, sections, xi 71, 76, 189. 
Arche\("'que sliaft Aniclie, xxvii. 172. 
AuciiiiiALi), CiiAs., (iowrie mines, Cow 
Bay, Cape Breton, xxvi. 55-60 ; plate 
vii. 
Arching of roofs in Lancashire mines, 

xviii. 72-73. 
Architects, xxi. -243-244. 
Arctic climatal conditions, xiii. 179-18'2. 
Ardsley west mine, coal-cutting by com- 

])ressed air, xii. 63. 
Ardwick, xv. 15, 17. 
Arenaceous strata, boring in, x. 199. 
Akkndt, Cm., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 103. 
Ar<!.\ni) fireijars, xviii. 94. 
Argentiferous lead-ore, Sardinia, xxxvii. 

abs. 6. 
Argentine republic, petroleum, xxxvii. 

abs. 36. 
Argillites, xxxi. 152, 153. 
Argyrodite, xxxvi. abs. 41. 
AR(iVKororL(), — , (juoted, xxxv. aba. 8. 
Arisaig, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 84. 
Arizona, coal, xxxv. abs. 42. 
— , gold and silver, xxxiii. abs. '22. 
— , mining, xxxiii. abs. 66. 
Arkose, xxv. 69, 70. 

Arlberg tunnel, xxxiii. abs. 75 ; xxxiv. 
abs. 35 ; xxxv. '228-230. 

, temperature, xxxvii. abs. 61. 

Arlecdon iron-mines, xxxiv. 91. 
Arley ccjal-scam, x. 180. 

— mine, Burnley, arching of roofs, 
xviii. 72, 73. 

— wood, section, xxxiii. 162. 

Aki.,t, Anton, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 5. 

Akmfiki.u, Cha.s., quoted, xxxi. 55, 56. 

Akm.sthonu, Robert, quoted, xi. 43. 

ARMSTRONti, W., chalj'beate mine- 
waters, Northumberland and Durham, 
iv. 271-281 ; v. 22. 

— , cocd-cuttitKj machines, xiv. 126. 

— , direct -acting engine Towneley^ xv. 

295, 296 et -seq. 
— , ex-officio member of council, xv. 76. 



Von MKS I. TO XNXVllt. 



Armstuonc, W., MoitkiiHianiioiilh i-alli, ri/ 
explosion, ix. 251. 

-, quoted, i. 9; .\ii. 19, 20. 

— , relative value of the fuiiiace and 
steam-jet as ventilating powers, i. 165- 
183, 189 <t scq. 

— , report on safety-lamps, xxix. 155-15(5. 
, ventilating-furnaoes and tlieir elasti- 
city of action, ix. 70, 75-82. 

- , ventilation of underground boilers, 
xii. 79-84. 

-, vice-presidents, increased number, 

ix. 255. 
— , ivo7'kiii(i over-Zi/iiKj <ind aadar-lyiiKj 

coal-fCAims, V. 20-21. 
Armstrong, William, Jun., economical 

working of boilers in collieries, xxxviii. 

223 tt xeq. 
— , joint committal on inec/iaiiicid rciifi- 

lators, xxxvii. 184, 185. 
— , quoted, xxxviii. 44. 
Akmstkoncj, Lord, Cardift" 1874 meeting, 

xxiii. 177. 
— , compressed air, xxii. 34. 

- -, diamond drill, xxiii. 193. 
— , examinations, xxiv. 42. 

— , fiaseii occluded in coal, xxii. 29, 132- 

133, 136, 137. 
— , incorporation of institute, xxii. 23. 
— , marine engines, xxiv. 261-262. 
— , Pictou coal-field, xxii. 148-149. 
— , presidential address, xxii. 39-56. 
— , prosperity of institute, xxiv. 255. 
— , quoted, xiii. 47, 48, 198 ; xv. 261 ; 

xxxii. 199, 220 : xxxvii. 23, 24; xxxviii. 

29, 32. 
— , vote of thanks to South Wales Insti- 
tute, xxiv. 44. 
Armstrong and Co., Sir W. (i., quoted, 

xxii. 64, 69. 
Arndt, C, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 22. 
Arnold shaft, Dortmund, xxvii. 198. 
Arnould-Morison safety-lamp, xxix. 

128, and plate xviii. 
Arnould-Mueskler safety-lamp, xxix. 

125, and plates xvi. , xxi. 
Arond process for clearing Hre-damp, 

xxxvii. abs. 69. 
Arrangement of Cape Breton coal-seams, 

table, xxvii. 215. 
Arrears of subscriptions, vii. 181-182 ; 

xiii. 215-216 ; xiv. 1 ; xxxvi. 172-173. 
Arsenic, xiii. 225. 

- , annual production, xxi. 174, 184, 194. 

— and antimony, in coal-beds, xii. 205. 
Artesian borings in India, xxxi. abs. 

48. 

— wells, Cranston deep-boring appa- 
ratus for, XXX. 263-266; plates xlvi.- 
xlvii. 

— — , diamond borer for, xxxiii. abs. 90. 

, Saxony, xxxviii. absi 13-14. 

Articles of working contract, xxxi. 182- 

183 ^ 

ArtiHcial stones, xxiii. 158. 



Artro mine, xxxvi. 106, lOH, 112, 115; 

section, 118. 
AuiiNDKL, , (pioted, V. 229. 
Asbestos for coveiing steam-pipes, xxxi. 

77 et seq. 

wire, xxxiv. 46 

Ascensional ventilation, vii. 79-84 ; viii. 

9-13. 
Aschersleben, borings, xxx. 95 
Ash, coke, analysis of, viii. 123. 
" , Saarbriicken coal, analyses, xxviii. 

26, 27. 
— , Waroracoal, analysis, xxxviii. 90. 
— , , high percentage, xxxviii. 89. 

— island, New South Wales, vi. 44-45. 
AsuiiURNKR, Cii'S. A., quoted, xxxi. 

abs. 12, 39 ; xxxiii. abs. (iij ; xxxiv. 

abs. 21 ; xxxviii. abs. 64 
Ashburner, U.S.A., natural gas, xxxvii. 

abs. 57. 
Ashby de la Zouch canal, x. 123. 
Ashington and Morpeth, coal-seams, 

xxxvii. 7. 
Ashland, iv. 133. 
Ashton Aloss, boring, xxx. 104, 105. 

colliery, xxxv. 226. 

— , diamond rock-boring, xxxi. 43-44. 

— new pit, section, x. 101 ; xxvii. 97. 

AsHWORTii, James, improved safety- 
lamps of the Davy and Mueseler types, 
xxix. 144-155; plates xxii. -xxiii. 

Asip river, Sumatra, xxxvii. al)s. 67. 
Askam, xxviii. 220 ; section, 221. 

— mines, xxxi. 222, 223, 226 ; sections 
and plan, 237. 

Aspatria, viii. 151, 152; xi. 180; xxxiv, 
107, 133. 

— collieries, xiii. 88-89; xxxiii. 122, 123, 
125, 131, 132, 1.34, 138, 141, 142; sec- 
tions, xxxiii. 149. 

, No. 1 pit, section, xxxii. 337-338, 

356. 
, No, 3 pit, section, xxxii. 335-336, 

356. 
Asphyxia produced by choke-damp, ii. 7. 
Assam oil-region, xxxvi. abs. 11. 
Assays, Nova Scotian gold, xxxi. ].'i4, 

159, 168, 169. 

— , tailings, xxxi. 168-169. 

Assessment, xv. 259-260, 263. 

— of collieries, xxiii. 117-133, 137-141, 
145-152, 154-158. 

Assinee, geology of, xxxvi. abs. 10-11. 
Associate members, vii. 181 ; viii 19. 
Associated institutes, .xxxv. 242-243. 
Association for prevention of boiler-ex- 
plosions, iv. 1 13- 1 14. 
Association Parisienne ues Pro- 

PRIETAIRES D'AhI-AREILS A VaI'EUR, 

xxix. 29-30, 

AsSOtlATION rOUR LA SURVEILLANCE DES 

Chaudikres, xxix. 28-29. 
Asteu coal-seam, section, xxviii. 62. 
A'ifcrophi/llitvs eqnisctitormis (?), figured, 

vi. plate iii. facing 33. 



10 



(.iEXKUAl. l.\l)i;X lO TKANSACTIONS. 



AsTiKo/., F., <iuot«(l, xxxvii. 41. 
Asturiiis, coultiold, xxxvi. 41, I'iO. 
AtluTlon, coal MoaiiiH ut, xv. 14. 
- ooUiery, OriMiTod disconiiocling-luiuk, 

xi\. iii>i>. i. !■'<. 
Athlimu, britlgc «\cr Shaiuiou near, xxii. 

G.S, 65. 
Atkinson, — , v. KW. 
Atkinson, (Iko. Clayton, qiiotoil, xiii. 

Ill, 121. 
Atkinson, J., Jiri-itol r(xi/fii-/</, x. 11;"). 
Atkinson, John Holanu, quoted, xxxi. 

63, G4. 
— , coiri'latiim of coal-seams, xxxvii. 124. 
— , Sini/iijlif ekrtiic snl'i/i/ldinji, xxxvii. 

115. 
Atkinson, John Joh, v. 164; vi. ."i, 5 it .sw/. 

, alistrartion of ijns from roal-mintK, 

xviii. 152, 153. 
— , iKlm'ixaion of' uiiiier-fitwerii and orer- 

mm, xi. 211, "212. 
— , (i<f< of riKil-formationJi, xi. 141. 
— , aurtn.sional rtiitUatiov, viii. 12, 13. 
— , liinniiKjhdin mettiiuj, x. 243, 244. 
— , boiler ex2)tonons, xi. 214, 216, 217. 
— , linn-adoii roHieri/iixphxiou, viii. 168- 

170. 
— , cement walling, ix. 149. 
— , close-topped tubbing in pit-shafts, xi. 

9-17; xii. 19 et stq. 43, 45-47. 
— , ronl -ruttiiKj machine, xii. 50, 78. 
— , comparative consumption of fuel by 

ventilating furnaces and ventilating 

machines, vi. 135-150. 
— , Cook rentilafinij ajiparatus, xix. 20. 
— , COM ofptimpinij, xvii. 24, 26, 27. 
— , JhKjIish wattr-ijaui/c, xvii. 29, 30. 
— , dt-^tractive action of furnace-<j(ises, 

xii. 27. 
— , direct-actinf) engine at Towneley, xv. 

295 et seq. 
— , drift in coal-measures, xiii. 159, 160, 

167. 
— , eiuUe-Hs-chain and tail-rope committee, 

xiv. 134. 
— , enlargement of institute, xv. 79. 
— , exchange of proceedings, xiii. 13,204. 
— , extension of coal-measures, xiii. 203. 
— , gas at Strafford Main colliery, \\\\. 

Ill, 113. 
— , geological survey maps, viii. 171. 
— , geolo<iy of northern coal-field, xiii. 42, 

45, 46.' 
— , Hartley colliery accident, xi. 153-157; 

xii. 7 et seq. 
—, Iletton colliery -txplosimi, ix. 91, 92, 

164, et seq. 
— , increased number of vice-presidents, ix. 

254, 255. 
— , Jones and Bidder coal -breaking ma- 
chine, xix. 13, 97. 
— , lead-mining districts, xiv. 10, 12-14. 
— , Lloyd ventilating -fan, xix 7. t 
— , Lundhill colliery-explosion, vi. 121 

et seq. 



Atkinson, John Joit, Magucsian time- 
atone, xiii. 202. 

- , Midi/lrshro' salt, xiii. 93. 

— , milling in mountain linitsluiif, xix. 

95. 
— , Moiiknrnrmouth colliery-e.cplosion, ix. 

251. 

- , North Amirican anthracite-rtgion, 
xiii. 100, 101, 102, 103, 165. 

— , paradoxes in ventilation, xii. 85, 93- 
143 ; xiii. 6 it seq., 48, 51, 104, 105. 

— , practice tinth gas at blowers, iii. 230 
et seq. 

— , proportions in which air in mines dis- 
tributes itself, vi. 163-186 ; vii. 61, 67. 

— , quoted, iv. 77, 148, 203 it stq. ; vi. 
234 ; x. 14- 16 ; xv. 250, 277; xix. 2, 18, 
43, 229; xxiv. 170. 

— , h'amsi 1/ and Cooke signal-indicator, 
xix. 25, 98. 

— , relative ages of coal formations, xi.l41. 
, — importance of certain causes 
in producing changes of density in the 
air of mines as it progresses in circu- 
lating, vii. 115-126. 

— , remarks on T. .1. Taylor's paper on 
variations of densitj" of air in coal- 
mines, vii. 185-190, 191, et seq. 

— -, results obtained with Lemielle venti- 
lating-machine, vi. 234, 235. 

— , safety-lamp locks, xviii. 2. 
-, safety lamps, xii. 74. 

— , spontaneous combustion of coal , x. 177, 
179. 

— , steam boilers, xix. 9. 
-, strength of tubbing in shafts, ix. 
175-184. 

— , theory of ventilation of mines, iii. 55 
73-222 ; supplementary paper, 321-340 ; 
iv. 7. 

— , translation of his ))apers, xvii. 1. 

— , velocities of air-currents in mines, x. 
207-239, 241-242, 249, 250. 

— , ventilating-fan at Elsecar, xi. 89-98 ; 
xii. 27, 28. 

— , ventilating -furnaces, ix. 152-155, 156 
et seq. 

— , — , Grange colliery, vi. 228-234. 

— , ventilation, Hibernia colliery, xii. 
51-62. 

— , veiUilation-experiments, vii. 71-74 et 
seq. ; 107 et seq.; 133-167. 

— , — — , committee, xii. 18. 

— , , Haswell, vii. 131-132. 

— , ventilation of mines, iv. 5, 8, et seq.; 
vi. 157 et seq.; vii. 43, 45, 133-167, 184. 

— , Prussian jui^ies, xii. 47, 48. 

— , underground boilers, xiii. 4, 5. 

— , v:ash of Durham coal-field, xiv. 4-6. 

— , viorking and ventilation of coal-mines, 
vii. 31, 34, et seq., 43 et seq. 

Atkinson, Wm., lightning at Kimbles- 
worth colliery, xxx. 130. 

Atkix.son, W. N., light mineral oiln as 
lubricants, xxxviii. 10-11. 



VOLUMES 1. TO XXXVIII. 



11 



Atkinson, W. N., mechanical ejj'ic.t.s of 
hlonm-uid shots on mnlUation, xxvi. lOG- 
107. 

— , quoted, xxxviii. 177. 

— , Swefeelecf/ric .sa/cty-lamp, xxxviii. 18. 

Atlantic coast series, xxxi. 155. 

Atmospheric engine, x. 12*2. 

— motive power, viii. 75-76. 

— pressure, coal raised from great depths 

by, xxiii. 81-92 ; plate xxvi. 

, effects of, XXXV. abs. 34. 

and fire-damp, xxxvi. abs. 15, 28. 

Attendance of authors, xiii. 99. 

members, iv. 265, 266 ; xiii. 217 ; 

xvi. 42-43 ; xxi. 158. 
Attiiky, — , quoted, xii. 208. 
Attica, ore-bearing rocks, xxxiv. abs. 

67-68. 
Attwood, Chaki^es, quoted, v. 174-175 ; 

X. 10 ; xiii. 123, 144, 145. 
Attwood and Co., quoted, xxxiv. 93-95. 
Aubin, coal-field, xi. 168; xxxii. abs. 53 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 20. 
AuBRY, M., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 9. 
Auchenraith colliery , coal-cutting machine 

xxviii. 79. 
AucHY AV Bois Colliery Co., xxvii. 162. 
Auckland, New Zealand, coal - fields, 

XXXV. 178-182. 
— , , section, xxxv. 220. 

— district, seams, xxxvii. 6, 125. 

— valley, viii. 56, 58. 
AuDEMAR valve, xxiv. 261. 

— variable-expansion system, xxv. 205, 
and plate Iv. 

Audenshaw, boring, xxxi. 43-44. 

Aude steamer, experiments with, xxxv. 

abs. 23. 
Augsburg, boiler - experiments, xxxiii. 

abs. 77. 
August coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
Auriferous slate-deposits of Southern 

States, xxxi. abs. 39-40. 
Aurora, Heerlen, boring, xxvi. 23-25. 
— , — , section, xxvi. 20. 
Austen, G., quoted, xxvii. 66. 
Australian Agricultural Co., quoted, 

vi. 39, 44, 47. 
, No. 2 pit, section, xxxvii. 146 ; 

plate xxxiv. 
Australia, coal, ii. 227-230. 
— , — nodules, xxxvii. 145. 
— , — production, vi. 67, 68-69 ; xxxvi. 

abs. 78. 
— , collieries, xxxvii. 145. 



Australia, mineral statistics, xxxv. n\>». 

16. 
— , (Queensland, gold, xxxv. abs. 26. 
-, tin, xxxvii. al>s. 35-36. 
Austria, coal-supply, iv. 5"-63. 
— , map of, iv. 54. 

, mining statistics, xxxii. abs. 73, 7-''- 

76 ; xxxiii. abs. 73. 
— , boulders in coal, xxxv. abs. 22. 
— , coal production, xxxvii. abs. 78. 
— , ironstone, v. 96. 
Authority for quotations, vii. 2-5. 
Authors, attendance of, v. 8 ; xiii. 99, 

217. 
AuTissiKR, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 31. 
Automatic boring-apparatus, Jefferson, 

xxix. 235-240 ; plate xlvi. ; xxx. 83-88. 

— cut-outs for arc lamps, xxxiv. 55-56. 
feeding pump, IJaussin, xxxvii. abs. 68. 

— gates for winding-shafts, xxxvi. abs. 
23. 

— regulator for incandescent lamps, 
xxxiv. 53-54. 

— rotation of rock - drills abandoned, 
xxiii. 264. 

self-acting inclined planes, xxxv. 

abs. 64. 
- stops for wagons on inclined planes, 

xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Autun, permo-caboniferous rocks, xxxii. 

abs. 5. 
Auxiliary ventilation, xxxiv. abs. 3. 
Auzits coal-field, Avej^ron, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
Available coal, ii. 221 ; xxx. 14 ; xxxiv 

72-73. 
, British area, xxxii. 138-139, 141- 

142, 147-148. 

, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 177, 182, 183. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 153-154. 

— copper-ores, Maryland, xxxi. abs. 40. 

— iron-ore, xxxiii. 213, 230. 
Aveyron, Auzits coal-field, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
Avicula ironstone seam, xiii. 127 ; xxxv. 

115, 118 : sections, 145. 

, analysis, xxxv. 118. 

Awards of prizes for papers, xxxii. pp. 

viii. -xii. ; xxxiii. p. viii. ; xxxv. p. x. 
AjTshire, diamond rock-boring, xxx. 104. 

— district, XX. 132-135, 141. 146, 148-150. 
Ayrton, Prof., quoted, xxxviii. 37. 
Aytoun, Robert, quoted, x. 18 ; xiv. 110. 
— , safetv-cage and disengagino- catch x 

83-87, 89 it s,q. : xv. 108, 118. 
Azixcourt Colliery Co., xxvii. 156. 
Azov, sea of, xxxvii. 95, 100. 



Babbington colliery, Nottinghamshire, 
winning and working, x. 149-159. 

Babbit white metal, xxvi. 56-57, 60. 

Babu, L., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 15, 28. 

Bach, C. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 7. 

Bachmuth, Jekaterinoslaw, xxxiv. abs. 
61. 



I5ack pit, coal-seam, xix. 141, 142 • xxiv 

176, 177, 182, 189, 196. 206. 
Backbarrow forge, xxxiv. 89, 91. 
Backs, xi. 85 ; xxxi. 217. 
Backworth, low main coal-seam, viii 

23, !'7, 98, 99. 
— , coal in stair-grate furnaces, xix. 65. 



12 



(iKNKKVl. INDI'.X To IK ANSACTION'S. 



l?Ackwoith colliery, ii. 274 ; viii. 26. 

, C pit, section, fiicinj» viii. 33. 

, «li|» of strain, xxxviii. 201. 

, (!uil»iil ftui, xxxi. !M) itT. 

, horso8 uiul ponies, xxxii. lUii, 108. 

, ventilation, ii. 31-32. 

, — experimeiita, iii. 347 34 S ; vii. 

130. 
Biuoii Flitch ironsttme, x. 120. 
Hiiil iimncl, xix. 77, 7S, 79. 
UiuUlcsley colliery, explosion, xxxiii. ir)3. 
Bai)ON-Pascal,L., quoted, xxxiii. aba. H2. 
Bactk, —, (juoteti, xxxii. abs. 14. 
Halm shaft, Up|)er Silesia, xxvii. 192. 
Haii.k.s, (!., dtlntion ofiiijlnmmahltijiiMtK, 

xxvii. 290. 
- ,exptnmeiU'< irith rixtltlii^l, xxviii. 1(14, 

16;-). 

, iiitru.-<ioti of the irltiii si/I, xxvii. 300- 

303. 
— , quoteil, ix. 188, 213. 
Bailk-s, T., abstraction of exjdosive (jas 
from roal-mine.s, xix. 84. 

, dopjidt roke-oretis, xxii. 156. 
— , miniutj in inountain limestone, xix. 

108. 
— , Foirlir Itydraidic wiwlintj-year, 

xxiii. 3.5-36. 

, ijioloijii of Redendale district, xxiii. 43. 
Bailey, J., anu Culley, (1., quoted, 

xxxvii. 9. 
Bailey, Sam., steam-power for under- 
ground conveyance in South StafVord- 

shire coal and ironstone-mines, x. 2") 35. 
Bailey, T. H., Jtfferson boring-appa- 

ra/Ji-v, XXX. 86. 
Bailey ask Son, quoted, xxx. 131. 
Bainbridoe, E.mekson, conveyance of 

minerals by wire-tramway, xx. 3-16, 

217 ; plates i.-xxiv. 
— , Coppee patent coke-ovens and utiliza- 
tion of tlieir waste gases, xxii 81-103, 

104, 106-107 et seq., 154-155, 150 : plates 

XX. -xxx. 
— , counterbalancing nniullng -engines, xx. 

214-216, xxi. 219. 
— , difference between statical and 

dynamical pressure of water-columns 

in lifting-sets, xxi. 49-58, 94-95 et seq.: 

plates iv.-ix. 
— , Fowler hydraidic ivinding-gear, xxiii. 

35 et seq. 
— , lonipcall irorking at Annesley colliery, 

xxi. 106, 107. 
— , new calculator for working out cost of 

working, seUing-i)rices of coal per ton, 

percentages, etc., xxxiv. 139-142 ; 

plate xix. 
_^ _ description of safety-lamp, xxiii. 

15-20, 21 el seq.; plate x. 
— , quoted, xvi. 106 ; xvii. app. i. Set seq.; 

xxix. 99. 
— , safety-lamp to meet requirements of 

1888 Mines Regulation Act xxxvii. 75- 

78 ; plate xix. 



Bainbridoe, Kmkh.sos, tail-rope com- 
jnittn's report, xviii. 01, 62, 72 et seq. 

— , presiiitation to, xviii. 41. 

— , various modes of lubricating coal-tulm 
or corves, xxv. 215-222 ; plates Ix.- 
Ixix.; xxvii. 89; plate iii. 

Baines, Knw., Kjuoted, xxxiv. 91, 92. 

Baiui) coal cutting machine, xxviii. 80. 

Bakek, <iE()., ipioted, xxv. 6, 9. 

Bakkh, K. 1>. , (|Uoled, xxxv. abs. 10. 

Bakewell, !{., quoted, xxxvii. 19. 

Baku, oil-trade, xxxvii. 89, 95-96. 

— , i)etroleum-well8, xxxv. 223. 

Bal.ln, coi)per-extraction, xxxiv. abs. 4. 

Balance jtit.s, Wales, iii. 243-244. 

- puni])sfor gravity-])lanes, xxxvi. iibs. 6. 

— sheets, ii. jip. xv.-xvi. ; iii. pp. xiii.- 
xiv. ; iv. pp. xii.-xiv.; v. pj). xii. -xiv.; 
vi. pp. xii.-xiii.; vii. pp. xii.-xiv. ; viii. 
pp. xvi. -xviii. ; ix. pp. xvi. -xviii. ; xi. 
pp. xiii.-xvi. ; xii. pp. xiv. -xvi.; xiii. 
pp. x.-xii. ; xiv. pp. x.-xii. ; xv. pp. 
x.-xii. ; xvi. pp. x.-xii.; xvii. pp. x.-xii.; 
xviii. pp. xii.-xiv. ; xix. pp. xiv.-xvi. ; 
xx. pp. xvi. -xviii. ; xxi. pp. x.-xii. ; 
xxii. pp. xii.-xiv.; xxiii. py). xii.-xiv.; 
xxiv. jjp. xii -xiv. ; xxv. pp xii.-xiv.; 
xxvi. pp. xii.-xiv.; xxvii. pp. xiv.-xvi.; 
xxviii. pp. xiv.-xvi.; xxix. pp. xiv.- 
xvi.; xxx. pp. xiv.-xvi.; xxxi. pj). xiv.- 
xvi.; xxxii. pp. xvi. -XX.; xxxiii. pp. 
x.-xiv. ; xxxiv. pp. xii. -xvi. ; xxxv. j)p. 
xii. -xvi.; xxxvi. pp. x.-xiv.; xxxvii. 
pp. x.-xiv.; xxxviii. pp. viii. -xii. 

of mining institutes, xxxvi. 181- 

194. 
Baluacci, L. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
Baldauf, R. , quoted, xxxii. abs. 78. 
Balks, xxxviii. 55 
Balloon boiler, xxix. 93 et ■'<eq. ; plate vi. 

, Dudley, xxxii. 195 : plate xxvi. 

— , wagon, or brceches-tube-boilers, ex- 
plosions, xxix. 36, 38. 
Balloting for members, xxvi. 160. 
Ballylagan, xxx. Ill ; section, 113. 
Bamburgh or Bamborough, xxvi. 122, 

123 ; xxviii. 5 ; xxxvii. 50. 
— , Harkess rocks near, xxvi 121-129 ; 

plates .xviii. -xix. 
Banat, iron-ores, xxxvii. abs. 36. 
Banbury, boiler-explosion, xxxii. 195 ; 

plate xxvi. 
Banca, xxxiv. 68. 

Bandar coal-field, xxxviii. 80, ; plate iv. 
Bangka tin, xxxv. al>s. 57. 
Bank faces, length of, xix. 35-37. 
— working system in Yorkshire, xxxi. 

18. 
Bannockband coal-seam, sections, xxxiL 

323, 325, 326, 342, 348, 363, 366; 

xxxiii. 12.3, 124, 133, 143, 146; xxxiv. 

102. 
Bar-channeler, Saunders, xxxviii. abs. 20- 

21. 
Barakar coal, value, xxxviii. 161. 



VOUIMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



13 



Banikar group, xxxi. al)s. 47, 48 ; xxxviii. 

78. 
— series, xxxii. 150, li)]. 
Barka, a. a., quoted, xxxviii. (if). 
Bareelona harbour-works, xxxii. abs. 81. 
Barclay, Andr. , adraiiffu/i's oj mr- 

chanical reufikition., xix. 285-236. 
— , cut-off slide-valves, xx. 175-176. 
, overlianging beam-engine, xix. 211- 
212 ; plate xxxviii. 
— , pumping engines, xx. 1()9-173, 174; 

plates xlv. xlviii. 
Barclay Hills, ginney roads, xvii. app. 

i. plate xxi. 
Barcleugh coal-seam, xiii. 40. 
Bardon Hill, wire-tramway, xx. 4. 
~ Mills, xxiv. 76, 82. 
Bare coal-seam, xxxiii. 151 ; sections, 

162. 
Barium sulphate, xii. 206 ; xiii. 224. 
Barker, — , quoted, xxxii. 161, 162. 
Barking, wire-tramway, xx. 7 ; plate xix. 
Barkley, — , quoted, ii. 39 et seq. 
B4RKLEY, J. T., quoted, iii. 65. 
Barkoi coal-field, India, xxxvii. abs. 49. 
Barkus, J ah., safety-cage, xviii. 2. 
Barkus, W., ii. 5, 8, 51, 79, 81 ; vi. 2 

et seq., 13, 14. 
— , ascensional ventilation, viii. 10 et seq. 
— , hoiler-explosio7is, iv. 116, 117, 119. 
— , Cleveland ironstone, vi. 8, 12, 196. 
— , roal-mi7iiiifj in France, vii. 7. 
— , combined drainaye of mines, v. 163. 
— , duration ofnorihern coal-field, iii. 6. 
— , experiments to determine the relative 
value of the fiirnace and steam-jet as 
ventilating-powers, i. 195-202, 233-235, 
255. 
— , practice with gas at blowers, iii. 232, 

233. 
— , quoted, iii. 6 ; x. 13. 
— , round and small coal, v. 11. 
— , safetif-cacjes, viii. 7. 
— , sinMnij throngh sand, v. 149-150. 
— , ventilation and gases of coal-mines 
and the working of pillars, i. 239-249, 
261, 262. 
— , ventilation of mines, vi. 1 56 et seq. 
— , ivire-ro/-ies, viii. 15. 
— , workinq and rentilation of coal-mines, 

vii. 31, 32, 37 et seq, 56 et seq. 
—,■ — overly inq and underlyinq coal- 

seains, v. 17-18, 20. 
BAR7CUS, JXTN., Wjvi., hoUer-explosions, 

iv. 117, 118. 
Barley for horses, xxxii. 77-78. 
Barlow, — , quoted, xxxvii. 141, 222, 

224. 
Barmouth, xxxvi. 103, 104, 109, 110, 112. 
— , wire-tramway, xxxvi. 110. 
Barnes, Amos, quoted, xxxviii. 189. 
Barnes, Thus., quoted, xv. 214. 
Barnsley coal-seam, v. 233, 234 ; xxxv. 

227. 
— , sections, xxv. 17i 22. 



Barnsley collieries, Broadbent safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 6. 
1875 meeting, xxv. 10, 12. 

^, safety-lamp expeiiments, xvii. 2, 3. 

Barometer and tliermometer readings. 
1868-1869, xix. app. ii. 25, 36, 37; plates 
i.-viii. ; 1870, xx. app. i. 1-7 ; plates i.- 
iv. ; 1871, xxi. app. i. 1-7 ; plates i.-i v.; 

1872, xxii. app. i. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 

1873, xxiii. app. i. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 

1874, xxiv. app. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv.; 1875, 
xxv. app. i.1-7; plates i.-iv.; 1876, xxvi. 
app. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1877, xxvii. 
app. 307-313 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1878, xxviii. 
app. 257-263 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1879, 
xxix. app. 249-255 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1880, 
XXX. app. 293-299: plates i.-iv. ; 1881, 
xxxi. app. 249-255 ; j)lates i.-iv. ; 1882, 
xxxii. app. 371-377 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1883, 
xxxiii. app. 239-245 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1884, 
xxxiv. 309-315 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1885, 
xxxv. 247-253; plates i.-iv.; 1886, 
xxxvi. 225-231 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1887, 
xxxvii. 261-267 ; plates i -iv ; 1888, 
xxxviii. 229-2.35; plates i.-iv. 

— observations, Oaks colliery, 1867, xxv. 
34-38, 144 ; plates vi.-xxxv. 

, Seaham colliery, during sealing up 

of Maudlin seam, xxxii. 225-316 ; plates 
XXX. -xxxi. 

Barometric changes,- i. 276, 289-299 ; 
xxxiv. abs. 72 ; xxx\-i. 44 ; plate vi. 

and colliery explosions, v. 9. 

— influence on geysers, xxxii. abs. 84. 

— pressures, xxxi. 89. 

— — , formulae for converting, iii. 173- 
178. 

, variations in, iv. 9 et seq., 286 et 

seq. ; xxxiv. 142. 

— variations, influence on ventilation, 
xxxi. 25. 

Baron Maejrau shaft, Bohemia, xxvii. 194. 
Barrallier, — , quoted, xxxvii. 223. 
Barrasois coal-seam, xxiv. 178, 183, 191. 
Barrel quartz, xxxi. 156, 160. 

group, xxxi. 160; section, 173. 

Barrier, gas in goaf, viii. 12. 

Barriers in coal-mines, v. 138 et seq., 162, 

163 ; X. 21-22. 
— , pressure upon, vii. 58-59. 
Barrington colliery, swing-doors, i. 235- 

236. 
Barrois, Dr. Charles, quoted, xxv. 62 ; 

xxxvi. 37. 
Barrow, Richard, quoted, x. 118, 131. 
Barrow lead-mine, xxxiv. 123 124. 
Barrow-in-Furness 1883 meeting, xxxii. 

223 e/.s-c'/., 367-368. 
Barrow-wajs, iii. 242-243, 246. 
Barruela collier}', xxxvi. 118, 119. 
Barth, Karl, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 54 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 50. 
Bartlett, F. L., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 64. 
Barytes, annual production, xxi. 175, 1S5, 

195 ; xxvii. 22. 



u 



C.KNKKAI, T\ni\ TO TRANSACTIONS. 



179- 



62. 



Bm«ilt,xi. 129; xxiii. 160: xxx IdT, lOS, 

110, 112. 
— , aimlysfs, xxx. 111. 

— .tjiiiiny, xxi. 2r);i, 270. 
— , KowK-y, xxiii. lf»S. 

— .sections, xxxiii. 1 l.'i. 

—, Scottish colli fu'lil.s, xxiii. MU) 16i. 
llivaultic dyke, viii. HH, 119; ix. 191. 

— rocks, Ulster, xxxii. abs. 2. 
Bascoup colliery, natural pit, xxiii. 68- 

70 ; sections ami plana. sO, 96. 

— antl Mariemont mines, xxvii.l81-l.S3. 
Ha.scule hriil^es. xxii. 62, 71. 

Basel, hoilcr fuiny experiments, xxxiii. 

al>8. 7. 
Basement beds, carboniferous, xxxvii. .1. 

— conglomerate, xxxiv. 131. 
Basiaix, — , AND — Lkonako, (|Uoted, 

xxxi. aV>a. 1 1. 
Basic slag, manure, xxxvi. 149-150; 
xxxvii. abs. 31. 

— steel process, xxxvi. 149. 
Basseit, a., diamond-drill, xxiii. 

183, 186-196 ; ])lates. xxxvi.-xl. 
— , loHijwall irorkiinj, x. 141 et seq. 
— , q\ioted, xvi. 47. 
— , sn/ft>/-rn</t.i, xv. 117. 
Bassick "mine, (Colorado, xxxiii. abs. 
Bastard anthracite, xxxi. 177. 

— limestone, xxxi. 213-2ir). 
Bastier, T. \V., patent chain-pump, xv. 

34, .S5, 124-127,135-140, 147 155, and 

plate xxi.; xvi. 112, 13.3. 
Batavian coals, analyses, xxxiv. abs. 43. 
Bateman, , quoted, xxiv. 52, 53, 56, 

58, 59, 92. 
Bates, — , quoted, iii. app. 8. 
Batey, Jno., quoted, xxxvi. 47. 
Bcxtteriea, in stamp mills, xxxi. 165-167. 
— , secondary, xxxiv. 60-62. 
Battle of boiler-gauges, xi. 217. 

railway-guages, ix. 61-62. 

Bauer, Max, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Bauer, Th. von, coke-ovens, xxxvii. 

abs. 21. 
Bauekman, H., quoted, xxvii. 132. 
Baumann, F., quoted, xxxi. abs. 20, 

37 ; xxxiii. abs. 9 ; xxxiv. abs. 8. 
— , patent socket, xxxi. abs. 20, 21. 
Baure, M., quoted, xxxi. abs. 9; xxxv. 

abs. 47, 48. 
Bauxite, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
Bavaria, coal, vi. 90. 

— . mineral production, xxxii. abs. 58-59. 
— , tertiary coals, xxxv. abs. 15. 
Bavarian Boiler Insi'ECTIon Society, 

xxix. 34. 
Bavington whin dyke, xxiv. 1.39. 
Baj-emont, Lemielle ventilator, xvi. 63, 

70. 
Bay of Fundy, xxx. 64. 
Bayles, J. C, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 63. 
Bayrcuth, boring, xxx. 88. 
Beadnell, coal-seams, xxxiii. 72, 77. 

— dyke, map and section, xxxiii. 79. 



Beadnell limest<me, xxxiii. 72, 77, 80; 
seel ion, xxxiii. 76. 
main coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 

— stone close coal, xxxvii. 13, 19. 
windmill coal, xxxvii. 13, 19. 

Heai.E, - ,s/)(>utaiit(>ii.'< ramhii.'itiou ot'rmil, 

X. 179. 
Beam engines, old-fashioned, xv. 21, 

36.37. 

— pumping-engine, fracture of, Hartley, 
xi. 147 ; tliagram, facing 155. 

— , strength, xi. 153-157. 

Beamish colliery, xv. 208. 
Beani.anm), — , tpioted, X. 22. 

Bean LANDS, Artiii'R, improvements in 
undergi'ound surveying, xx. 81-100, 
102 104 (•/ seq., \(\[i-]\0 t;t stq.; plat*; 
xxxiv. 

, viinr-h rillimj, xx. 79. 
, mining surveys, iv. 264, 267-270. 

— — , iiro/es.sors of ('oUe.ije. of Science mule, 

meinlitrs of Institute, xxi. 47- 
— , true meridian, iv. 122. 
Beans, iv. 283-285. 

— for horses, xxxii. 74-75. 
]5ear mouths, xxxiv. 107. 

— river, Utah, coals, xxvii. 2.37-238. 
Bearers for hauling coal, iii. 242. 
Hearings, methods of obtaining, xx. 87 

et seq. 
Bearpark colliery, horses, xxxii. 108, 173- 

174. 

, plant, xxxvi. 217. 

Bearpot furnace, xxxiv. 91. 
Beattie smoke-consumer, xvii. 68. 
Beaufoy, Col., quoted, xxxvii. 223. 
Beaumont, — ■, quoted, ii. 199. 
Beaumont, Col., boring-machine, xxxii. 

6,228. 
— , channel tunnel, xxxii. 19-21. 
--, compressed-air locomotive, xxxii. 

8 55. 
— , 'diamond-drill, xxiii. 188-191, 192 et 

xeq. 
— , percussion-drill, xxxv. 227. 
— , quoted, xviii. 178; xxiii. 179; xxx. 96 

98 et Hcq.; xxxi. 41, 42; xxxii. 6-10, 

55-57. 
Beaumont, W. B., quoted, xiii. 195, 197, 

198 ; XX. 25 ; xxix. 107, 108.' 
Beaumont coal-seam, ii. 143, 216, 275 ; 

xxxvii. 6, 7 ; xxxviii. 196, 197. 

, nip out in, xxxviii. 53. 

, Wallsend, v. 1.36. 

Beauval, phosphates, xxxvii. abs. 31, 70. 
Bebside colliery, xv. 249. 

, plant, xxxvi. 203-204. 

Bech^, Sir H. de la, quoted, xv. 17. 
Beck, Alex., Legrand rhair- sleepers, 

xvii. .32. 
Beck, Dr. Richard, quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 13. 
Beck, Thos. A., quoted, xxxiv. 85. 
Beck mine. Lake Superior, xxiv. 244. 



VOLUMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



15 



Becker, (Jko. K. , (luotod, xxxiii. iibs. 

107. 
Bkcker, H., (juoted, xxxiii. ah.s. 17. 
Bcckhole mines, v. 'JOO. 

— ironworks, v. 215. 

Be(;(), Jean, ([uoted, xxxii. aV)H. 157 ; 

xxxiii. iihs. 26, 27. 
Bed-like deposits, xxxi. 219. 
hiwinatite-deposits, xxviii. 126-12S, 

section.s, 155. 
Bedded veins, xxviii. 121. 
Bedlinoton, Jno , quoted, xv. 222. 
Bedlington colliery, horses, xxxii. 109. 

, lime-cartridges, xxxiii. 16, 17. 

, plant, xxxvi. 204-205. 

— ironworks, v. 212; xiii. 123, 124. 

— stone, xii. 26. 

Bedminster colliery, sections, x. 101. 

Bedson, Prof. P. P., appendix to report 
on explosion of air-receiver, Ryhope, 
XXX vii. 205-212, 217. 

— , contribution to our knowledge of coal- 
dust, xxxvii. 245-256, 257-258 ; plate 
lii. 

— , r/a.9 in metalliferous: mines, xxxviii. 70. 
— , Lewis and Maurice firedamp-indica- 
tor, xxxvi. 76, 77. 

— , lifjht mineral oils as lubricants for air- 

comjjressing machinery, xxxviii. 7-9. 
— , quoted, xxxviii. 4, 10, 36. 
— , securitc, xxxvi. 82-83 et seq. 
— , testing of safety-lamps by Kreischer 

and Winkler, xxxv. 3-42, 43 ; plates 

i. -vi. 
Beehive coke-ovens, advantages of, xxvii. 

127. 

, cost of, xxii. 84. 

, experiments with, xxii. 99 103. 

, Falkirk, xxiv. 97-98 ; plate 

xviii. 
Beer wire-ropeway, xxxviii. abs. 2-3. 
Beevers, William, Lundhill colliery- 
explosion, V. 240. 
Beihilfe mine, Fi'eiberg, xxxi. abs. 45. 
Belcher, H. , quoted, v. 178. 
Belfield colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 21, 

140. 
Belgium, caissos de pre voyance, xiii. 41, 

57-68, 103-104, 157-158. 
— , carboniferous, xxxvii. abs. 63. 
— , coal, vi. <i6, 67, 90 ; xxxii. abs. 28. 
— , — , French duty on, x. 60. 
— , — deposits, viii. 107. 
— , — districts, ii. 222. 
— , — measui'es, xxxiv. abs. 68. 
— , — — , natural pits, xxiii. 67-80 ; 95- 

106; plates xviii. -xxv., xxvii. 
— , — mining statistics, xxxv. abs. 4, 43- 

45, 66-67. 
— , coal production, xxxvii. abs. 78. 
— , collieries, firedamp-explosions, table, 

xxxi 89. 
^, geological survey, xxxiii. abs. 106. 
— , hatchetine, xxxiv. abs. 78. 
— , lower coal measures, xxxi. abs. 43. 



Belgium, metallurgical statiHtics, xxxv. 

al)H. 46, 67, 68. 
-, mineral statisticH, xxxviii. al)8. 57-59. 
— , miners, condition of, xxxvi. ab.s. 29. 

, miners' relief-fund, xiv. 39 41, 69 70. 
-, mining in, xxxvi. abs. 30. 

, regulations, xxxiv. 265-283. 
~, pho.sphatic deposits, xxxiii. ab.s. 18; 

xxxiv. abs. 36. 

, royal academy, prize, ii. 3-5. 
— , safety-lamp commission, report, xxix. 

113-139 ; plates xiv.-xxi. 
— , section of central coal-basin, xx. 

plate liii. 
— , sinkings, xx. 189 et seq. 
— , steam trams, xxxiii. abs. 97. 
— and France, production of coal, iv. 287. 
Belknap coal-seam, xxxi. abs. 39. 
Bell, — , quoted, iii. app. 2-8. 
Bell, J., quoted, v. 35, 37. 
Bell, Jno., quoted, xiii. 127 , xxxviii. 

190. 
Bell, J. W. T., quoted, ii. 282. 
Bell, R. Bruce, education of mining 

engineer, xxi. 34, 35-36, 40-42. 
Bell, Uobt., quoted, xxxv. abs. 51. 
Bell, Sir Lowthian, abstraction of ex- 
plosive gas from coal-jnines, xviii. 152, 

153 ; xix. 95. 
— , aluminium safety-lamp, ix. 255, 256. 
— , Archer and Robson sprayer, xxxvi. 

100, 101. 
— , boiler explosions, xv. 44-47. 
— ,J. T. Gackett and B. McLaren, drawing 

of h'ltdage exhibits, xxxvii. 85. 
— , cement wailin/f, action of acids on, ix. 

148, 149. 
— , college of science, xx. 112. 
— , coal-dust, xxxvii. 258-259. 
— , coal-measures of Catalonia, xxxvi. 41, 

42. 
— , combustion of coal-qas to produce heat, 

xxiii. 112, 113. 
— , death of T. E. Harrison, xxxvii. 132- 

133. 
— , direct -acting pumping and unndin/- 

engines, xv. 121 et seq. 
— , Durham University Committee, ix. 

252. 
— , earth-movements and gases in inines, 

xxxvi. 121. 
—, earth-tremors, xxxvii. 65, 66, 67. 
— , election of president, xv. 75-76. 
— , electric safety-lamp with Schaiischieff 

battery, xxxvi. 92, 93. 
— , eMargement of institute, xv. 77 78, 80, 

293. 
— , experiments rvith coal-dust, xxxiv. 302. 
— , explosion of air-receiver, Ryhope, 

xxxvii. 216, 217. 
— , federation ofmininq institutes, xxxvii. 

155-157, 165," 172, 174 et seq. 
— , firing of boilers, xix. 68, 69. 
— , gas at Strafford Main colliery, xvii, 

106 et seq. 



10 



(iKN !■ I! \ I. l\lil\ In I Iv' \ \> \( I KINS. 



Hkll, Sik Ix)WT1UAN, ijiiir,tltMn .■iu/'tty- 

Inrnf), xxxvii. 7-. 
— , lltltun rii/lifri/ «:r/)losioii, i\. flO-KI, 

lO.'MOt), 1()") ft sn]. 
— , lii/ilniii/li- ihlf/.i, xxxvi. I'JI. 
— , iroii-iiKtiiii/iir/iir) , xiv. -S 
— . iron iimniifiictun-. Nortli of Kngland, 

xiii. lOyina. 

, /iifh/iiiini at ThnnUey lol/ii ri/, \x\\i. 

49" 
— , Iniujwnll irorkiiiif, xix. S7-SS. 
— , mnijiiisinn linuntour, xiv. Sli, 34. 
— , iiinni/iini'Sf orr.s, Miriniicthxhirr, 

xxxvi. IKi, 117. 

, iintiini/ fills, lidii'niin, xxiii. 7S, 79, 

SO. 105-106. 

, Xiir South Wnlix, rnnl nodiilt s, xxxvii. 

150. 
— , /n-ixiili lit, f/crfioii, xxxvi. 1. 

— , jiicsidi'iitial address, xxxvi. 131-160, 
1U4, im. 

— , , Lorif A I'm it mil I I's, xxii. r)7. 

— , jiri'sMttri; of i/as in rcxif, xxxii. .SIG. 
— , (luotcd, vii. 174 ; ix. 94, I'^O, '252 : 

xi. 178, 179; xxvi. '29; xxxviii. 30, 39. 

42. 
— , raisiiu/ coal hy nfmoxphcrtr pressure, 
■ x.xiii. 90. 
— , rnjiiil (li'te.rmination ofspeci/ir (jravities, 

xxxvi. 97, 98. 
— , reception of visitors, xxxvi. 125-126. 
— , rcjirintliKj of Transact ioiis, xxi. 288. 
— , ris'uination of T. W. /innniiK/, xxxvii, 

54, 129 et seq. 
— , rfA'i'iion oj 'JVnnxactioiis. xv. 47. 
— , liosedah. Ahhey iroiisfoue, xix. 199-200. 
— , stenm-hoilers, xviii. 109 it seq. 

— , Sirun impj'oveil electric saftty-lamp, 
xxxvi. 8-11, 55 e^ seq. 

— , technical education committee, xvii. 

65. 
— , traiutmission of power by team, xxxvi. 

29. 
— , luie of iron-supports in main roads of 

mines, xxxvii. 141-143. 
— , valedictory addres.s, xxxvii. 260. 
— , rentilntiu<i furvdces, ix. 157. 
— , vice-president, election, xviii. 86. 

— , vice-presidenti, ix. 255. 

— , vote ofthank.-i to T. E. Forster, xvii. 

114. 
— . Wood memorial hall, xix. 73, 74. 
Bkll, Thomas, gan in metalliferous mines, 

xxxviii. 71, 72. 
— , emdence on boiler explosion, iv. 46-47. 
— , mining accidents, India, xxxviii. 170. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamji, xxxviii. 182a, 

182b. 
— ■, quoted, xxv. 242. 
— , variations in faidtiiHi of coal, xxxviii. 

55-57. 
— , ventilation of mines, vi. 21. 
Bell, T. Huch, quoted, xxxvii. 141. 
Bell and Ritson safety-lamp, xvii. 38, 

40. 



Bkll ami 1'aktni;k.s, quoted, iii. app. 2-3. 
Bell Bkos., iiuoted, xxii. 4 et seq. ; 

xxviii. 105, 106; xxix. 84; xxx. 85, 

269 ; xxxi. 108 it s,q. ; xxxiii. 7, 8, 17 ; 

xxxvii. 221. 
Bkll-Colkman refrigerator, xxxiii. al>s. 

88. 
I5ELL, Hahi-k and Clki'cii, coko-ov«ii 

ap])aratus, xxviii. 105. 
Bell crank, in punipinj,' engines, xx. 174. 
— Knd, RoHcdalc, xxxv. 126 ; sectiun, 

145. 
i?ELL tcUplione, xxvii. 122, 123-124. 
Bellcroplion microniphalus, figured, vi. 

35 ; ))late iv. 
Bcdlies, iron ore, xxviii. 119, 123, 146; 

figures, 155. 
Bellingliani, xxviii. 5-6. 
— , boring .section, xi. 110-111. 

— ironworks, coke-ovens, ix. 51. 
Belnian Bank mines, v. 194. 

lielmez Hspiel, Spain, coal-field, xxxviii. 
abs. 55. 

— — , — , coal-mines, xxxiii. abs. 36. 
Belmont colliery, xv. 236. 

-- — , longwall working, xix. 86. 
, ventilation, vi. 167 et seq. 

— mines, v. 194. 
Belsay, xxviii. 6. 

— , synopsis of strata, xxxvii. 13. 
Belt lode, xxxi. 159, 168 ; section and 
plan, 173. 

— mine, xxxi. 158. 

Bench, coal-seam, xxxiii. 151. 

Bencliing, iv. J 97. 

]5ends, etlect of, iii. 3.50-351. 

— , — on air-currents, iv. 14. 

Benefit fund, v. 133. 

Ben(;al Coal Company, xxx. 4. 

Bengal earthquake, xxxv. abs. 34. 

Benks and bordgates, vi. 124 et seq., 

205 et seq. 
Bensham, low main coal-seam first 

wi'ouglit at, 1710; xv. 199. 

— coal-seam, it. 215-216, 274, 275, 277 ; 
iii. 8 ; xv. 215, 2.34 ; xxxvii. 6, 7, 126. 

, gas in, i. 2S0 ; v. 21. 

-— , , Boldon, xxx. 163, 194- 

209, 225 et seq. 
, , Harton, xxx. 163, 212- 

221, 225 et seq. 259. 

, rent value, v. 140. 

, sections, v. 119; xiii. 73-75, 

207, 209. 

, Wallsend, v. 136. 

- colliery explosion, xv. 198-199. 
Benson, T. W., alterations in bye-laws, 

xxxviii. 76b. 
— , diamond rock boring, xxx. 102-103 ; 

xxxi. 46. 
— , feeding and management of colliery 

horses, xxxii. Ill, 114, 163. 
— , hydraulic drills, Lumpnei/, xxxvi. 

72. 
— , KnrhurhaUcc coid-field, xxx. 24. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVITI. 



17 



Benson, T. W., mrnioir of T. ItJ. For.s/er, 

xiii. 10. 
— , quoted, xxiv. 78, 83 ; xxvii. 15. 
— , variations infaultiinj of coal, xxxviii. 

53. 
Benson, W., quoted, xxvii. 15, 16, 18. 

22. 
Bentabol, Hok. , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 3.5. 
Benthow, section, xxxiv. 137. 
Benton colliery, ii. 275 ; xv. 209-210. 
, pillar working, ix. 19, 32 ; plan of 

workings, facing ix. 19. 
Benton, Prof., federation of mining 

institutes, xxxvii. IttS, 178. 
Benwell, ii. 109. 

— colliery, xv. 214 ; xxxviii. 5.3. 
Benzine, as an illuminating agent, xxxv. 

5 ef seq. 

— safety-lamps, xxxviii. abs. 4. 
, Wolf, experiments with, xxxv. 

12-15, 25-28 ; plates ii.-iii. 

Bequests, T. Y. Hall, xix. 188. 

— , Stephenson, viii. 8-9, 81, 172-173; 
ix. 1, 15; xi. 223; xii. 12. 

Beraku coal-washing system, xxvii. 254, 
256. 

Beroaud, Au(;. , quoted, xxxv. abs. 5. 

Berrer and Co., W. quoted, xv. 1.52. 

Bergeron, Chas., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 43. 

Bergeron, .J., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 4. 

Berggeist boring, xxix. 69. 

Beki-ier, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 41. 

Bernaldez, F., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 47. 

Berkley, Cuthbert, vii. lOi), 107. 

— , admission of under-vieioers and over- 
men, xi. 211. 

— , age of coal foi-mations, xi. 141. 

— , agreement irith Natural History So- 
ciety, xi. 41, 42. 

— , appoin'ment of secretary, ix. 253. 

— , ascensional ventilation, viii. 11. 

— , Bastier chain-pump, xv. 137. 

— , British Association, xii. 71. 

— , , papers, xiii. 2. 

— , boiler explosion^, iv. 117, 118 ; xi. 209, 
214-215. 

— , Burradon colliery -explosion, viii. 138 ; 
ix. 56. 

— , cement walling, ix. 69. 

— , coal-field of Nova Scotia, xiv. 92. 

— , coal-mming in France, vii. 2. 

— , comhined drainage ofmiries, v. 163. 

— , conveyance of coal underground, xvi. 
49-50, 88-89, 90. . 

— , copyright of papers, v. 2. 

— , direct-acting engine at Towneley, xv. 
142. 

— , pumping and umiding-engines, 

XV. 32, .33, 121 etseq. 

— , drift in coal-measures, xiii. 166, 107. 

— , finance committee, ix. 2, 3. 

— , , report, ix. 65-68, 231 et seq. 

— , frequency of meetings, viii. 178. 

— , geo'oqy of northern coal-field, xiii. 
46, 47.' 



Berkley, Cuthbert, gift of trawiurtiMiM 

to assistant treasurer, xi. 226. 
— , Helton colliery-explosion , ix. 165. 
— , increased numher of vice-jjresidents, xi. 

224. 
— , institute museum, ix. 141. 
— , fjemielle ventilator, xix. 3. 
— , locus of extraordinary meeting, ix. 68. 
— , low main seam, viii. 106. 
— , LundhUl colliery -explosion, vi. 122. 
— , Manchester 1SG5 meeting, xiv. 91. 
— , manufacture of coke, ix. 3-6, 7, 4S 

et seq. 
— , miners' wages, xiii. 104. 
— , New South Wales coal-field, vi. 24 
— , paradoxes in i^entilation, xiii. 9 et seq , 

48-^0 etseq.. 105. 
— , ])arliamentary papers, iii. 320. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182. 
— , pillar -working, ix. 29. 
— , quoted, xxx. 31. 
— , rejjorts of meetings, viii 138-139. 

, safety cages, x. 93, 94 ; xi. 162. 
— , safety-lamps, xii. 74, 75. 
— , Stephenson bequest, xi. 223. 
— , tail ropes, xv. 81-88, 90, 143, 144. 

, underground conveyance, Cleveland. 

xvi. 93. 
— , ventilating furnaces, ix. 70, 149, 158. 
— , ventilation, Hibernia colliery, xii. 77- 
— , — of mines, vi. 161. 
— , ^vire ropes, » iii. 14, 15. 

— , working thin seams, v. 6. 
Bernician, xxvi. 49, 52. 

— limestones, xxxiii. 70-73. 

— sandstones, xxxiii. 71-73. 

— series, xxv. 231, and sections, xxv. 
238 ; xxx. 121 ef seq., and section, xxx. 
127 ; xxxiii. 69-70. 

, coals and limestones, xxxvii. 3, 4. 

10, 12-13. 

— shales, xxxiii. 71-73. 

Bernicourt pit, Aniche, xxvii. 173, 255. 
Berry, iron ore, xxxvii. abs. 13. 
Bertelli, — , quoted, xxxvii. 59. 
Berthelot, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. \'J. 
— , calorimetric bomb, xxxvii. abs. 86. 
Bertha pit, Brougliton Moor, section. 

xxxii. 330. 
Berthier process for purifjing cokp. 

xxii. 13. 
Berthierine, xxv. 68. 
Berthierite, xxv. 68, 72. 
Bertholet, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 48. 
Bertholet and Vieille, quoted, xxxi. 

abs. 8. 
Bertrand, Marcel, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

14. 
Berwick, coal-measures, xi. 103. 
— , old red sandstone, xii. 90. 

— and Newcastle railwav, viii. 71. 

— Hill colliery, ix. 207, 220-222. 
Berwig sandstone, xxiv. 154. 
Bess^ges, France, coal-mines and iron- 
works, V. 27-42. 



18 



(JKXKUAI, IXDKX To TRANSACTIONS. 



Hesstge.s cidlifiies, xxxii. alw. .').S. 
— nuiuiitain, si-ction, v. '29, HI, .S."). 
Hksskmkk, Sir Hknuv, ((untcil, viii. 

1-J4 ; xxvii. ]Xi. 
1U>SKMKK process, iiiodiHcut ioiiH in, 

xxxiii. ubs. 7() 
l?esseincr steivniLr, xxvi. 14(i. 
Hksskmkk storlworks, Doiiain, xxvii. 

'J.")7--G.S ; plate xxx. 
Hest, — , safety-cages, xv. 112. 
Hkst AM) At'KROYh safety lamp clean- 
ing machine, xxxvii. 1'21 I'J'J; plate 
xxix. 
Best Voiksliire boiler-tubes, xxx. 7*2, 82, 

and i)late xiii. 
liottstadt, section, xxviii. 65. 
lieust coal-seam, xxviii. 23 ; sections, 

-)*), 65. 
Bevel wheels, size of rolling circle, xxi. 

2S0-281. 
Bevington liusli, Liverpool, waterworks- 
engine, xxi. l.Sl-l.S-2, i;W '/ srr,. 
Bewclay, xxiv. 139 ; ])liin, 150. 
Bewick, J., vi. 13-14. 
— , Cleveland ironstone, vi. 189-191, 195- 

196. 
— , magnetic iroH-ttone, Rosedcde, vii. 92, 

95, 97. 
— , ore and ironstone of Rosedale Abbey, 

vi. 15-20, 189, 195, 196. 
— , quoted, vii. 88, 80, 92 ; xiii. 126, 127. 
— , lioxeAali' lioii-'ifoiie, vii 94 ff seq. 
Bewick, T. J., Antrim iron-ore-i, xxx. 

113 ; xxxi. 47. 
— , hallotini/ for mtmhtrs, xxvi. 160. 
— , carlioniferoiut roc k-t of Cumberland and 

Furnex-^, xxxiv. 137. 
— , channel tunnel, xxxii. 23. 
— , clu-sn/icalion of car}ioniferou-'<, xxvi. 

50, 51. 
— , correlation of coal-seain^ of Northum- 

herland, xxxvii. 23, 24, 25. 
— , Cmnherlandcoal-fielil, xxxiii. 135-136. 
— , diamond rock-boring, xxx. 9:M01, 

102 et seq.; xxxi. 41, 42. 
— , deep boring, xx. 221. 
— , federation of mininq inMit^Uen, xxxvii. 

159, 169-170. 
— , intrusion of the n-hin sill, xxvii. 80 

et seq. 
— , Jefferson horinq-apparatti-s, xxx. 85. 
— , Kind-Chaiidronhoring syiitem, xx. 201. 
— , limestonc-s, Northumberland, xxv. 48- 

51, 52, 57. 
— , Lhicolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 32. 
— , lithofracteiu', xx. 222. 
— , little limestone, xxiv. 80-81, 83. 
— , lonqiC'ill wortinq at East Hetton col- 
liery, xxvi. 66. 
— , memoir of Thomus Sopwith, xxix. C,5- 

111. 
— , mineral resources of North%imberland, 

xxx. 127 ; xxxi. 204. 
— , mining industrieH of Prussia, xxvii. 
64, 65. 



Bkwk'k, T. .T., mining in mountain lime- 
stone, xviii. 151, 1(>:MS2: xix. 92-95, 
102. 

— , luitiirni pits, liilifnim, xxiii. 76-78, 
80. 106. 

— , Newcastle water supijlj', xxiv. 85 <l 
seq. 

— , Northnmlyerlawl limestones, xxiv. 146- 
149. 

— , Nora Scotian iron-ores, xxvi. 88-89. 

— , I'liinsyliunian coal -measurers, xxvi. 
44-47. 

— , presidents address, E. F. Boyd, xx. 
221-222. 

— , , .John. Daglish, xxxv. 244. 

— , -pyrites deposits of HueJra, xxxvii. .'>0- 
51. 

—, quoted, v. 180. 182; xix. 194-196, 
198; XX. 222; xxiv. 11, 135-137; 
xxxvii. 10. 

— , revision of rules, xxiv. 131. 

— , — — afectinq honorary members, 
xxv. 103, 141-142". 

— , /{iissiaii coal-fields, xxiv. 19-22, 150. 

, selenitic plaster, xxiv. 1.52-154. 
— , spontaneous comhuslion of coal, xxv. 
126. 

— , Stephenson centenary, xxx. 134. 

— , underground surveying, xx. 101-102, 
106, lib. 

— , — temiierature, xxxi. 71-72, 204. 

— , valuation of 7nines, xxiii. 131. 

— , IVest Cumberland hematite-deposits, 
xxviii. 224-226, 229. 

Bkwick, Messk.s., quoted, v. 180, 182. 

Bkwick and Partners, quoted, xxxi. 
207. 

Bewicke Main colliery, xiii. 74, 75 ; sec- 
tion, xiii. 75. 

Bex, Vaud, salt-mines, combustil)le gas, 
xxxviii. 61-62. 

Beyer coal-seam, section, xxviii. 63. 

Bezenet colliery, winding-gear, xxxv. 
abs. 47-48. 

Bhaddoah coal-seams, xxx. 12-14, 16. 

, analyses, xxx. 16. 

Bibliography of English secondarj' iron- 
ores, xxxv. 105-106. 

Bicarbonate of iron, xxxi. 232. 

Bickershaw collier}-, ventilating fans, 

xxvii. 115. 
Bidder, — , quoted, ix. 60. 
Bidder, S. P. , Craig and Bidder electro- 
magnetic lock for safety-lamps, xix. 
15-16 ; plate v. 
— , Jones and Bidder machine for work- 
ing and breaking down coal, xix. 11-13, 
14, 96-98; plates iv. and xxiii.facing97. 
Biddlestonc Edge, xxx. 122. 
Bietschied, section, xxviii. 65. 
Big Bras d'Or, xxiv. 179, 191, 192. 

— Pond, Cape Breton, xxvi. 85. 

— Tracey coal-seam, xiii. 38. 

— vein, anthracite-seam, xxxi. 179, 189, 
190 ; section, xxxi. 195. 



VOLUMES I, TO XXXVITI. 



19 



Bigges Main pit, ii. '275, 27(). 

— , creeps in high main coal-seam, 

xix. IJFj. 
BiGLAND, J., direct-actiiKj pumpiii.t/ (ind, 

ivmding-eiigines, xv. 30. 
— , longwall ivorking, xvi. 109 ef, seq. 
— , quoted, xiii. 113, 114; xix. app. i. 

11. 
— , undetr/round -siirna/iiK/, xx. 111-112. 
Bigrigg, ixviii. 110, 113,' 115, 132, 134, 

136, and section, l'i5. 

— iron mines, xxxiv. 85, 87, 89, 9 ?. 
Bijawar iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
iUlbao, coal and coke imports, xxxii. 

abs. 82. 
— , harbour and river im])rovements, 

xxxiii. 231-235; sections, 235. 
— , iron-mines, xxxiii. 216; xxxvi. abs. 

48-51 ; xxxviii. abs. 25, 26. 
— , iron-ore deposits, xxx\'iii. abs. 18, 

25-26. 
— , district, xxxiii. 213-235 ; plates 

XX. -XXV. ; xxxiv. 190. 
Billy-fairplay, xxxi. 18:^. 
Billy-Montigny, visit to xxvii. 275. 
Bilston colliery, Cameron steam-pump, 

xvii. 93, 94. 
BiNNEY, E. \V., quoted, xi. 22, 62, 195 ; 

XV. 16; xxviii. 124, 125, 138-140, 142- 

143, 147, 148, 152. 
BiN\EY, W. H., quoted, xvi. 47. 
Binniehill splint coal, analysis, xxix. 

193. 
I'iNXS, C, qiioted. xix. app. i. 8, II, 17. 
BiNNS, Geo. J., coal-mining in New- 
Zealand, XXXV. 175-218. 
BiNSFELD, Paul, quoted, xxxviii abs. 

68. 
Biographical sketch, (ieorge and Robert 

Stephenson, viii. 33. 
BiRAM anemometer, x. 208 et i^eq., 2.')1 ; 

xxvii. 121 e^ seq. 

— ventilating fan, v. 260 ; xix 
plate xlii. ; xxxvii. 186. 

BiRBECK, — , quoted, xxiv. 36. 
Bird, F., quoted, xxxv. abs 59. 
Bird, ^^'. J., Burnett roller 

wedge and nicking machine, 

193-197 ; plate xxxvii. 
— , coal-getting with Ikirnett roller 

mining wedge and nicking machine, 

xxxv. 97-99, 100. 
— , comparative efficiency of non-con- 
ducting coverings for boilers and 

steam-pipes, xxxi. 77-85; xxxii. 35-41, 

175, 177-178. 
— , condensation in steam-pipes, xxix. 

7-14. 
— , danger of -spark's fiom pricJ:ers and 

stemimrs, xxxiii. 9, 61, 62. 
— , economical working of steam-boilers, 

xxxviii. 221-228. 
— , experiments wi/h roal-'liiM, xxviii. 165. 
— , federation of minimi institutes, xxxvi. 

199 



227 and 



mining 
xxxiv. 



Bird, \\ . ,]., los.s of life in coal-mines, 

xxxv. 71-78, 101. 
-, quoted, xxxviii. 39. 
— , Seaton Carew boring, xxxviii. 21-25. 
— , secur.'te, xxxvi. 82, 84. 
— , underground temperature, xxxi 72,73. 
— , use of iron supports in main roads of 

mines, xxxvii. 135-140, 141 <i sKp ; 

plates XXX. -xxxii. 
Birdhope Craig, xxviii. 6. 
Birkenhead, Dr. E. H., coal-entting 

machines, xiv. 125-126. 
— , safety cages, viii. 5-7 ; xv. 112, 116 

et seq. 
— , spojUaneous comlmstion of rnul, x. 

171-172. 
Birkenhead, Alfred dock swing bridge, 

xxii. 63-64 ; plate xv. 
— , casualties in coal cargoes, xxv. 135. 

— , corn warehouse dock, lift bridge, xxii. 
72 ; plate xix. 

— , Duke street bridge, xxii. 63, 64. 
BiRKETT, — , feedin<i of rolUery horses, 

xxxii. 16l-li52, 174. ' 
BiRKiNBiNE, John, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 8. 
BiRKiNSHAW, -, quoted, xxxvi. 133. 
Birks, xxviii. 129, 131, 136. 

— iron-mine, xxxiv 93. 
Birkshaw, xxviii. 6. 

Birmingham and London railwaj', viii. 
68, 69. 

Birmingham 1861 meeting, ix. 54, 68, 
84-86, .41,227-229,247; x. 1-2; mem- 
bers elected, ix. 249-2')0 ; papers, print 
ing of, ix. 253-254; xi. 57 ; expense of, 
xii. 145 ; discussion of papers, xi. 211 ; 
inaugural address at, x. 3-2"? ; conclu- 
sion, X. 243-246; 1886 (B.A.), xxxvi. 
61-63. 

BiRMiNOHAM Institution of Mechani- 
cal Engineers, thanks from, xviii. 
150. 

Birtley ironworks, v. 166-167, 178-179; 
xiii. Ill, 116 121, 124. 

, tubing from, x. 24S. 

— patent fuel works, xxxvi. 207. 
Biscay iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. r-6. 
BiscHOFF, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 89. 
Bischofswerder borehole, xxvii. 37- 
Bishop's Close colliery, coal-cutting ma- 
chine, xiv. 105, 123. 

Bishopthorpe, bridge over Ouse, xxii. 65. 
Bismarck shafts. Upper Silesia, xxvii. 

192. 
Bitchburn colliery, pillar workings, plan 

of workings, facing, viii. 92. 
Biteabout coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
Bitumen, iii. 64, 70 ; xxxviii. 61. 

— , deposits, Trinidad, xxxii. abs. 55. 
— , formation of, xi. 171. 
Bituminous coal, iv. 132 ; xxv. 82 ; xxvii. 
153, 155 it seq. 

— — , Pennsylvania, xxv. 154-155.- 
, pyrites in, xxxviii. abs. 71. 



20 



(iKNKHVI. INDIX Id IH \ NSACTIONS. 



Bituiniiioiis shiilf, iii. IH, 1."), 17, -0, 
•21. 

Itl.AlK BaU. C'dAI. ('OMTANV, XXXV. 19."). 

Bi..\fK, HAWTHttRN & Co., i»cn<luluin 
coimterbnlunce, xx. '20 7 'JOS ; plate 
Iviii. 

— , works, visit to, xxix. 77-7U. 

Black l)an.l, xxiii. '20\ '211. 

irou-orf, xxxiii. iil>s. "25. 

ironstone, xxvii. '230. 

— bed, xxiv. 134.1.S6. 

Black Boy coal district ii. 15'), 
colliery. Bishop Auckland, coal, v. 

19. 
— , haulage experiment, iii. 253 ; 

fixed engine at, ,S09-3i;i ; plan and 

section of engine plane, facing 3l8; 

plan and elevation of engine, facing 

318. 
, steam haulage experiments, v. 

lO.i-106. 

— chalk seam, Gloucestershire, xxvii. 94. 

— coal-seam, Pictou, Canada, section, 
xxvii. 2'H. 

, — , — , analyses, xxvii. '235. 

— Dent shale, xxxiii 7'2. 

— grit, xxxv. 175, 176. 

— gyf)suni, analysis, xxx. 58 

— Hills, Dakota, xxxiii. abs. 25. 
, — , mines, xxxiv. abs. 43-44. 

— jack, XXV. 81. 

— lead coal-seam, xiii. 40. 

— metal liand coal-seam, xxxiii. 1'22, 1.38. 

— muck, xxviii. 125. 
, analysis, xxxi. 225. 

— pasture stone, xxiv. 138 ; section, 150. 

— rake ironstone, x. 119. 

— river, xix. 119. 

— rock coal-seam, xxiv. 179, 183. 

— Sea fleet, iii. '233-234. 

— - ports, freight charges on coal, 
xxxvii. 95. 

— shale coal-seam, x. 119, 1*20, 127, 175. 

rake ironstone, x. 119. 

BLACKBrRN, — , coal-cntthiij machines, 

xiv. 127. 
Blackett, — , locomotive, Wylam, xii. 

176. 
Blackett, W., N. Wood, Amder-sok 

A>"D Philip.son, quoted, iii. app. 3. 
Blackett, jun., W. C, Simn unproved 

electric nafety-lamp, xxxvi. 9, 58. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182, 182a, 

182b. 
— , seciirite, xxxvi. 84. 
— , sunlight electric safety-lamp, xxxvii. 

115. 
Blackett level, xiii. 198; xiv. 11-12; 

xviii. 178. 
Blackheath, Virginia, colliery explosion, 

ii. 29. 
- coal, iv. 132 133. 
Blackhill coal seam, ix. 204, 214-216, 218, 

•224 ; xxxvii. 13, 20. 
Blacksmith coal-seam, xiii. 36, 37. 



Bi.ACKWKLL, J. K., quoted, iv. 59, 60 ; 

X. 15 ; XV '244, '255. 
~ , sjinntanrons romhustion of coal, x. 167 

el neq., 197. 
Bi.ACKWKLi., S. H , quoted, x. 26. 
Hlackwell colliery, (iuibal fan, xxvii. 
107. 

, safety-hook experiment, xxix. •217- 

Blaenavon, coke-ovens, xxix. 85. 
Bi.AKK, Wm. p., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 22 ; 

xxxiv, abs. 43; xxxv. abs. 49. 
Bi.AKK stone-crusher, xxx. 136-137 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 69. 
Bi.AKisn>N,('APT. T. \V., quoted, XV. 178. 
Blanehard great iron-band, xxvi. 82. 
Blanciikt, Z., sy.stem of raising coal 

fnmi great depths, xxiii. 81-9'2. 
Blandy, Jno. F., quoted, xxxiii. aba. 66. 
Blanfokd, Dr. W. T., quoted, xxxiv, abs. 

17 ; xxxvii. abs. 49, 
Blanquillo-speiss, analysis, xxxvii. 34. 
I'.lanzy mines, xxxi. abs. 9-10. 
- — , transmission of power, xxxii abs. 

13-14. 
Blast applied to coke-ovens, xxiv. 97-99 ; 
plates xviii. -XX. 

locomotives, viii. 51. 

Blast-furnaces, ii. 204-205, 237 ; v. 28, 35, 
elevation of, 36 ; xxiv. '26 : xxvi. 73. 

, air-heaters, xxxiii. abs. 89. 

, charcoal for, xxxiii. abs. 95. 

, cf)ke in, xxii. 14-15. 

-, effect of manganese in, xiii. 139. 

— • — , gases, xxxiv. abs. 12. 

, — , utilization of, xx. 163-167 ; 

plates xlii.-xliv. 

, improvements in, xxxv. 233. 

, number of, v. 215-216; tabular 

statement, '220. 

, output, iv. 99. 

, section, xiv. 22. 

, slag, cement, xxxv. abs. 20, 

, temperature of blast, xiii, 134, 

, Woodstock. New Brunswick, xiv. 

23 ; section, facing 22. 
Blasting, xxxi. 53 ; xxxiii. abs. 56. 
— , Cleveland, xxxiii. 7-9. 
— , Lancashire, xxvi. 101. 
— , Lumpsey mines, xxxvi. 70-71. 
— , patents applicable to, xix. app. iii. 

54-55. 
— , — connected with, xvii, app, ii. 61- 
67 ; plate ix. ; xxiii. app. ii. 20 ; xxv. 
app. ii. 23-'24. 
— , Plom and d'Andrimont system, 

xxxviii. abs. 65-66. 
— , Prussian mines, regulations, xxxv. 

170. 
— , substitutes for, xxxiii. abs. 91-92. 
^ materials, xxvii. 52-53 ; xxxv. 230 ; 

xxxvi. 79-86. 
— with distributed charges, xxxiii. abs. 

56. 
Blaydon, diverted boring, xxix. 191-192. 
— , main coal, iii. 17 ; i'l- colliery, xv. 237. 



Volumes i. to xxxviii. 



21 



Ulaydon, mechanical ventilation, xix. 236. 
liurn colliery, iii. I'A. 

— coal, quality, x. 50. 
Main colliery, xv. 237. 

lilea Wyke .sands, xxxv. 128. 

lileiberg lead-mines, iv. (il : xxxiii. abs. 

76. 
Blkibtreu, Dr. Hkrm, cjuoted, viii. 122. 
IJleicher, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 79. 
Bi.KiCHEKT wire tramway, xxxi. abs. 27; 

xxxiii. 220-222, elevation, 235. 
Blencow, xxxiv. 127-129; section, xxxiv. 

136. 
Blende, xxvii. 137. 
Blenkinsopp coal-seam, xxxiii. 127 

— colliery, exhaust steam, xxxvi. 25-26. 

— rack-wheel locomotive, viii. 48. 
Block House coal-seam. Cape Breton, 

xix. 146, 159 ; xxiv. 175, 176, 177, 

198, 204-205; section, 216. 
— , , section, analyses, and 

gas production, xxvii. 217. 

coUieiy, Cape Breton, xix. 145. 

, , analysis of water, xxix. 

53. 

mines, xxiv. 204-205. 

Blocking coal, xxv. 13-14, 15. 
Bloemeke, Conrad, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

78. 
Blomidon, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 161. 
Bloomiield bog-ore, xxvi. 74. 
Blossom pit, Hetton coUiei'y, ix. 95. 

— — , , ventilation experiments, 

vii. 65, 67, 108 et seq., 202. 

Blowers, carbon dioxide, xxxvii. abs. 

32-34, 72. 
— , centrifugal, experiments, xxxviii. abs. 

48-49. 

— , collieries, iii. app. 9 ; xxii. 131, 132, 
136 ; xxvi. 38 ; xxviii. 28. 

— , gas, xxxi. 10 ; xxxii. abs. 28. 

— , Pelton colliery, iii. 36 et seq. 

— , practice with gas, iii. 33-51 ; 229 

et seq., 236. 
Blowing-engines, Denain blast-furnaces, 

xxvii. 259-260. 
Blown-out shots, mechanical effects on 

ventilation, xxv. 2H9-248 ; plates Ixxi- 

Ixxiv; xxvi. lUl-107. 
Blow-off pipes for boilers, xi. 52-54, 217 ; 

diagram, facing 52. 
Bliicher coal-seam, xxvii. 186-187 ; xxviii. 

19, 22 ; sections, 65. 
Blue glass for examining gas-tlames, 

xxvii. 67 ef .svr/. 
for gas-indicators, xxvi. 135-137, 

142. 

— mountains, vi. 27-28. 

— rake ironstone, x 119. 

— shale, iii. 13, 15-16, 20. 

— stone, xxxvi. 107, 108, 111, 112, 113; 
sections, xxxvi. 1 18. 

Blyth and Hartley, coal-seams, xxxvii. 

7, 126. 
Tyne railway, coal traffic, x. 43. 



Blyth district, x. 42-44. 

harbour, x. 43. 
Board of Trade regulations, building of 

marine-tiigineb, xxiv. 11^ e/ Miq. 
- I'yn^ Commissioners, ix. 242. 
Hoars' backs, xxxi. 161. 
Boats, unloading of, xxxiii. abs. 81. 
BociiET, L., quoted, xxxv. abs. 70; 

xxxvi. abs. 17 ; xxxvii. abs. 3. 
Bochum, blasting with dynamite, xxxiv. 

214. 
Bockwa-Hohndorf colliery, xxxiv. abs. 

8-10. 
Bode patent furnaces, xxxv. 91-92. 
Bodovalle inclined plane, xxxiii. 22.'i. 
BoKUM, Dr. Aik;., quoted, xxxiii. aba. 

108. 
Boehm, Joh. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 75. 
Bog of Allan, section xii. 33. 
Bog.de houses, ix. 212. 
Boghall coal, xxxvii. 12. 
Boghead coal, xii. 178. 

, Autun, xxxii. abs. 5. 

Bogies, xxxiv. 9(5. 

Bogorodsky, Urals, coal analysis, xxxvii. 

abs. 94. 
Bohemia, coal-mines, xxvii. 192-194. 
- , coal-washing, xv. 128. 
— , earthquake, xxxvii. 56. 
— , Kaaden-Komstan tertiary bed?, 

xxxiii. abs. 17. 
— , lignites, gases in, xxii. 28. 
— , North, lignite mines, xxxii. abs. 

29. 
Biihmische Brod boring, xxx. 88, 99. 
Boiler accidents and their prevention, 

xxviii. 247-255; xxix. 23-51, 87-100; 

plates vi.-xiii. ; xxx. 71-82, 266-269; 

plates xiii.-xxii. 

— exolosions, iv. 39-53, 113 et "iq.; 
viii. 86 ; x. 20-21 ; xi. 27-56, 207-209, 
213-218 ; XV. 287 ; xxix. 36-47 ; xxxii. 
191-200, 2 6-223; plates xxiv.-xxix. 
xxxiii. abs. 3, 70, 71 ; xxxviii. .35. 

, causes of, .vv. 5-11, 43-47 ; xx. 53 

et seq., 116 e/ ■•<(([. 

, Friedenshiitte, xxxviii. abs. 25. 

, Hetton colliery, ix. 89-129, 160 

et seq. 

, record of, 1800-1870, xx. 53. 

, Seaton Burn, xi. 27, 54, 207--209, 

213-218. 

, Tursdale, ix. 163. 

, United Kingdom, xxviii. 248-250. 

, West Bromwich, x. 32. 

— feeding, differential steam pump for, 
xxiii 3 ; plate vi. 

— float, iv. 40, 1 40. 

— tlues, xviii. 121. 

, corrugated, xxxiv. abs. 7. 

— insurance companies, xxix. 24-25, 87 
et seq. 

— or engine tires, i. 139. 

— plating, deterioration of, xxxiii. abs. 
78. 



90 



(;kni:hvi. indi x io i k ansactio.vs. 



IJoilers, xviii. 1*21 l"Jl» ; plate xxxvi. ; 

xix. 9. .0-51 ; xx. -lU-GI tt Mti/., llli-l'JU 

r/ M>'7., phitcs xxvi. xxix., xxxv.; xxiii. 

•J.Sl. 
. , tiction of zinc in, xxxii. iibs. 10. 

, colliery, econoiuical wfukinj; <>f, 

xxxviii. •-'•J.S JiS. 
— , Coiiiisli, xix. ilTj-'JH) ; xx. i>'2. 

, lost ol repairs, xvii. iij>p. i. ."). 

- . evHporative perfornmiice of, xxxiii. 
ubs. 77. 

— , power, V. GS-10!). 

' , feutl iippjuiitus for coal-testing, Key- 

liaiii, xiv. 47-4S ; plates iv.-vii. 
— , tiling of, xix. G3-lJil ; plates xv. -xviii., 

•Jl.'» ; XXX. al)s. 7. 

, rst cost, xvii, app. i. 171. 
— , Harrison cast-iron, xvi. '.iO, 35-40, 

43 ; plates vi.-viii 
— , improvement in, xxxvi. 138. 
— , Lancashire c<)llieries, xv. 27, 41-42. 
— , murine, xxiv. IIS it ici/.: plates 

xxviii.-xxix. 
— , mechanical tiring, xviii. 107-118; 

plate xxxv. 

- , — stoking, xviii. 41 t/ snj., 51-55; 
x^cvii. 20"). 214. 

-, multituhular, first used, viii. G5. 

- , --, invention, viii. ()4. 

— , non-conducting coverings, xxxii. .'^5- 
41, 175-178. 

-, riveting of, xviii. 82-84. 
-, scale in, xviii. 116-120. 
-, Shaw marine, xxvi. K3-101 ; plates 

xi. xii. ; xxvii. 9-12. 
— , South Wales, xxiii. 231. 
— , ventilatifm of, underground, xii. 78- 
84 : diagrams facing 79, 81. 

- , Warora colliery, xxxviii. 109-110. 

- , water for, xxxviii. abs. GO-Gl. 
BoiNSKi, H. Z., geology of lower Congo, 

xxxviii. abs. 54. 
BoissE, — , quoted, iv. 292. 
Bolara, whin dyke, xxiv. 139. 
BoLcKOW AND Vacchax, qiiotcd, iii. app. 

7; v. 169, 185-187, 188, 212, 213; 

vi. 188, 190; xiii. 17, 116, 117, 123, 

124, 134, 152. 
Boldon colliery, electric bells, xxx. 36- 

37. 

, experiments on pressure of gas in 

coal, xxxii. 127-128. 

- — , Juckes patent tires, xvii. 67, 75. 

- — , plant, xxxvi. 208-209. 

— , pressure of gas in coal, xxx. 

194-209, 221 et wq., 246-251 ; plates 

xxxix. xlii. xliv. 
, scroll-drum, xxiii. 38; xxv. 201, 

and plate li. 
, section, xxx. 191-194; xxxvii. 

plate xl. 
, underground temperature, xxxi. 

66. 
Boldron limestone, xxi. 267-269. 
Bole, xxx. 107 -t -itq.; section, 113. 



Bole, analyses, xxx. 109. 
Bolivia, mining in, xxxiv. abs. 60. 
Boll, capacity of, xix. ISO </ <((/. 
lictltholes. South Statlortlshire, x. 187. 
Bui.ToN, H. H., (pioted, xix. app. i. 4, 
12, 17. 
! Bolton collieries, viii. l.'>2 ; xxxiii. 131, 
1.32, 133, 141, 146, 147 ; secti<nis, 149. 
I - colliery, section, xxxii. : 39, 35('. 
Bolton Heads, xxxi. 2.'2. 
.Manor, plan, viii. 141. 
— Hr)w colliery, xxxiv. 107. 
Bombay, ])ricc of coals, xxxviii. 160. 
BombshoU ore, xxxv. 184. 
ISonunelcien island, xxxiv. abs 46. 
BoNACosSA, A,, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 5. 
Bond, .John, Helton ro//ieri/ cx/ilosiuii, 

ix. 107-108. 
Bone, Algeria, gueissic rocks near, xxxiv. 

abs. 13. 
BoNci'i anemometer, x 208, 2.36. 
Bonin coal-seam, section, x xviii. 62. 
Boosbeck mines. Walker rock-drill, xxxi. 

108. 
Boot, Eskdale, xxviii. 118 ; section, 

xxviii. 155. 
Booth and Suoden safety-hook, xxix. 

211-212 and plate xliii. 
Bootle waterworks engine, xxi. 130 131, 

139 et Htq. 
Boratetiza, xxx. 60. 
B KDA, — , quoted, x. 230, 238. 
Bord and pillar system, ii. •J41 ; sketch, 
244, 245 ; description, 246, 248 ; iv. 
193, 197 ; xvi. 48 ; plate xi. ; xvii. 
57-58, 82, 108 et xeq. ; xxi. 107, 10!) ; 
xxviii. .38, 39; plans, 65; xxx. 2); 
xxxv. 236. 

, cost of, xvi. 65. 

, Saarbriicken coal-field, xxvii 

186-187. 

, Wai'ora, xxxviii. 127-129. 

— — - , Westphalia, xxvii. 195, 
198. 
Bord-end crossings, steel or timber, cost, 
xxxvii. 226, 227. 

stoppings, vii. 22, 34 et fnq. 

Bord-gate pillar system, x. 140. 
Bord-gates and benks, vi. 114 et seq., 

205 et fieq. 
Border Counties railway, ix., 242-243. 
— districts, geology of, xi. 60-63, 65, 

88 ; map, facing 65. 
Bordezac, section, v. 35. 
Bord.s, Dipton, ix. 21-23. 
— , Killingworth, ix 24, 32. 
— , Shildon Lodge colliery, viii. 93-94. 
— , Woodifield colliery, viii. 89 et .seq 
Bore trials, Prussia, xxxii. abs. 71. 
Borer for artesian wells, xxxiii. abs. 90. 
'■ Borers, xxi. 23. 

— , drawings of, ii. ; plate iv. 
! — , rotary, xxxii. abs. 56. 
Borehole coal-seam. New South Wales, 
xxxviii. 16. 



J 



Volumes i. to xxxviii. 



90 



Borehole coal-seam, New South Wales, 
coal nodules from, xxxvii. 145-150 ; 
plates xxxiii.-xxxvi. 

Boreholes, vii 90-92, 94 rt siuj. 

— , instrument for ascertaining inclina- 
tion of, xxix. 61-71, 189-192; plates 
iii.-iv. 

, method of tubing, x. 199-205, 247- 
249 ; section, facing 199. 

— , new uses, xxxvii. abs. 10-17- 

— , Saarbriicken coal-ticld, xxviii. 19. 

— , West Cumberland, xxviii. 116. 

Boring, America, results, xxxviii. abs. 
45. 

— , artesian, India, xxxi. abs. 48. 

— , chronological review, xxxii. abs. 76. 

— , diamond rock, xxxi. 40-47. 

— •, hand-power machines, xx. 05. 

— , improvements in, ii. 57-66. 
, India, cost of, xxxviii. 93-97. 

- , Kind-Chaudron system, xxi. 9-20. 
— , Kirklevington, x. 200 et seq., 248; 

section, facing 199. 
-, Salter's bridge, xxxviii. 189. 

— , Schladebach, xxxviii. abs. 1. 

— , Seaton Carew, section, xxxviii. 21-25. 
--, sub-Wealden, xxiii. 160. 

--, Warora, cost and speed of, xxxviii. 
93-97. 

— against water in coal-mines, xix. 171- 
176; plates xxxi. -xxxii. 

— and sinking, patents for, xxiii. app. ii. 
11-13; xxiv. app. ii. 10-12; xxv. app. 
ii. 10-12. 

— apparatus, Cranston, xxx. 261-266; 
plates xlvi.-xlvii. 

, diamond, xxx. 93-106. 

, Jefferson, xxx. 83-88. 

— — , — automatic, xxix. 235-240 ; 
plate xlvi. 

, W. Walker, xxxi. 108-109 ; plate 

xiii. 

— appliances, xviii. 178-179; xxxviii. 
36. 

— for petroleum, France, xxxv. abs. 27. 

- machines, Beaumont and Englishe, 
xxxii. 6-7 ; drawings, 23. 

, Dru, xxxii. abs. 67. 

, Friihlich, xxxviii. abs. 41. 

, Jaroliniek, xxxiii, abs. 74-94. 

— machinery, xiii. 18, 22-24 ; draw- 
ings, 22 ; xiv. 11-13. 

--- prices, ii. 65. 

— shot or other holes in mines, xx. 
65-70 ; plate xxx. 

— tools, fracture of, xxxiii. abs. 82. 

— under water, Kind-Chaudron system, 
XX. 187-202 ; plates liii.-lvi. 

— wells by water pressiirc. xxxiii. abs. 5. 

— with diamond drill, xxiii. 179-183, 
188-196 ; plates xxxvi.-xl. 

Villepigue perforator, xx. 65-70; 

plate xxx. 
Borings, xii. 176, 214; xx. 221; xxxv. 

224-226. 



Borings, ab.stract of. South Durham, 
xxxviii. 25. 

— and sinkings, proposed record, xiv. 
8-27 ; xvi. 6. 

BoHLASK huddle, xxx. 147 ; and plate 

xxxvii. 
Borneo, gold, xxxiii. abs. 18, 60. 
— , — mining, xxxii. abs. 2-.3. 
BoRNET hand-boring machine, xxxvii. 

117-120 ; plate xxviii. 
Borrowdale copper mines, xxxiv. 1 16,121. 

— graj)hite-mines, xxxiv. 116, 118, 119, 
120. 

— series, xxviii. 112; xxxi. 212; sec- 
tions, 237. 

Borstel coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
Boryslaw ozokerite, xxxvii. abs. 55 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 15-16. 
BosE, Pramatha Natii., ([uoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 17, 75. 
Bosnia, manganese, x.xxviii. abs. 66. 
B0.SWELL, Sam., //'(jhtniny at Kimblemoorth 

colliery, xxx. 129. 
Botes gold-mine, xxxv. 88. 
Bottom and top coal taken together, viii. 

90. 

— block, Cleveland, xxxv. 117 ; sec- 
tions, 145. 

— hard coal-seam, Deibyshire, x. 119. 

— limestone, xxii. 116, 118; xxviii. 5, 
113, 114, 126, 129, 134; sections, 
155; xxxiv. 127, 130, 131, sections, 
136. 

— seam, Cleveland, section, xxxv. 14.3. 

— soft coal-seam, Derbyshire, x. 1 19. 
BoTY safety-lamp, i. 308, 315 ; xxxiii. 

abs. 39 ; xxxviii. abs. 38-41. 

— — — , height of flame cap, xxxviii. 
181. 

B()TY-Ro8ENKkantz safety-lamp, experi- 
ments, xxxiv. 163. 

Boulby, section, v. 195. 

Boulder clay, xi. 85-88 ; xiii. 171-173 ; 
xxvii. 18; xxxi. 218-219; sections, 
237. 

Boulders in alluvial drift, Nova Scotia, 
xxxi. 161, 162. 

— — coal, Austria, xxxv. abs. 2.'?. 

— , Upper Silesia, xxxvii. abs. 62. 

Boulonnais coal-lield, xxvii. 143-144, 148- 
150 ; maps, 163 ; section, 163. 

BouLTON AND Watt engines, x. 122 ; 
xix. 208-209 ; plates xxxix.-xl. 

Boundary line between mountai • lime- 
stone and millstone grit, xiv. 43-45, 
71-71. 

— of southern coal-field, x. 75-79, 80-82. 
Bouquet he la Orye, — , quoted, xxxii. 

abs. 11. 
BoURiKZ, — , patent fuel, xxvii. 1S4. 
Bourne, Peter, <iuoted. xxxiii. 123. 
— , safety-lamp, xii. 43. 
Bouse, xviii. 176. 

Bot'SQUET, DU, — , quoted, xxxiii abs. 45. 
Bc.irssiNCAULT, , ([Uotcd, xxxiii. abs.52. 



24 



(;knf.|{ai. indkx to thansac tio.vs. 



HoiTAN, K. . i|UoU'<l, xxxi. al)8. -12. 
Huutfiir, Holgi ill louliniues, xxvii. 177. 
UorrinNY, , quoU'tl, xi. 4.S. 
Itiiiitilier coul-suain, xxiv. I9i!. 
HimvycoUiiM y, coinpreHseil-airnukcliinery, 

xxi. 1!»9-218 ; pliite xxxiii. 
HiiVKT, A. UK, (nmtiil, xxxiii. ul>«. 21. 
How hks, J. W., ([iiototl, xxxviii. tti)s. 07. 
BowKK electric coal-cutting iiiachiiie, 

xxxviii. 32-.'i;j. 
iJowKs, & Co., John, quuteil, iii. app. 3. 
Howes <|uarrv, xxi. 2.'>9. 
Howie tiil>, Ne castle, .-ize of, xix. 182- 

\h:\. 

Howling iron, strength of, xxix. 216. 
Btnvi.KKK, T. .1., ventilating fan, xxxi. 
'.i:M.4; plate xii 241-243; .\xxii. 24, 

::2, :«, iiG no, 120 121. 

BtiWMA.N, John, Seaton Hurn boiler ex- 
plosion, xi. 33-.S4. 

Bowman, J. K., (juoted, xi. 43. 

Bowness liorehole, xxxiii. 129. 

BowKoN, W. M., (luoted, XXXV. alis. 8. 

Box, Thos., (|U()teil, xxiv. 76. 

Boxes for ventilation exijeriments, vii. 
I!t4, 20i». 

Bovi), EiJWARD Fenwick, i. 227 et seq. ; 
ii. 5, 6, 8, 80 ; iii. 6. 

- , atistrurtioii of exploiivt gas from coal- 
mi iie-i, xix. 84. 

- , address, Glasgow 1870 meeting; xix. 
191. 

— , ttdcavlaqts of mechanical ventilation, 
xix. 233. ■ 

- , uircoinprexHintj nuchinery, Ryhope, 
xxi. 80, 82. 

— , air-rrs.self in pumping engines, xxi. 

154 el seq. 
— , a/>j)aratii-sfor micing breakage of coal, 

XXV. 262. 
— , appointment oj necretai-y, xii. 147. 
— , artificial .stone, xxiii. 159-160. 
— , ascensional ventilation, viii. 10 et tieq. 
— , Hainliridge safty-lamp, xxiii. 21, 

23-24 et seq. 
— , hoiler accidents, xix. 48. 
— , — explor^ions, xi. 208. 
— , boring against ivater in coal-miiien, xix. 

175, 176. 
— , Bristol cual-fiekl, x. 1 15, 1 16. 
— , carboniferous limestone series of 

North Northumberland, ix. 185-225. 
— , — rocks of Cumberland and Funiess, 

xxxiv. 137. 

— , of Scotland, xx. 155, 157. 

— , channel tunnel, xxxii. 22. 

— , Chesterfield coal-dust comm.ittee, xxix. 

21. 
— , chronicles of coal-trade, xvi. 5, 6. 
— , classijication if carboniferous, xiv. 71 ; 

XXV. 234-235 ; "xxvi. 52. 
--, coal-cutting machines, xii. 49 ; xvii. 

35. 
— . coal-gas as a heat- producer, xxiii. 

63. 



Bovi), KuwAHD KkNwick, coal measures 
and oil produce of Unite<l States, xxv. 
101, 145 17.">: xxvi. 28-31. 

— , coal- mining in China, xv. 1. 

- , - - yorlh Formosa, xxxiv. ll-l^i, 
79. 

, coal-washing (ifi/iaratns, xxix 170. 
— , comj/vcssid-air inachims, xxii. 73. 

- , condensation in slcam-pipts, xxix. 13, 
14. 

— , Cornish and other pumpiiuj -engines, 

xix. 219. 
--, counterlHilancing windinq-engims, xx. 

212,216. 

, Crag and Bidder saf(;ti/-lamji lock, 

xix. 16. 

, differential expansive pumping-engine, 

xxiii. 8, 12. 
-, direct-acting engini , Townelei/, xv. 140. 
— , drift in coal-measures, xiii. 158, 160. 

, duration of northern coal-field, iii. 6. 
— , education of mining tU'jini'ers, xxi. 38. 
- , enlargement oJ institute, xv. 79. 
— , enrolment of institute under limit cd 

UabiHty act, xxi. 72. 

- , examinations, xxiv. 42-43. 

— , excavating machinery, xx. 162. 

— , expansion gearing for winding-engines, 

xxix. 5. 
— , experiments ivith coai-dust, xxxiv. 

.307-308. 
— , feeders of water, v. 158. 
— , feeding of colliery horses, xxxii. 101. 
— , finng of steam-boilers, xix. 68. 
— , Flintshire cannd-seam, xix. 82, 83. 
— , Forbes gas indicator, xxix. 174. 

, gas, Strafford main colliery, xvii. 

57, 105, 107 e< seq. 
— , geology of northern coal-field, xiii. 42, 

43, 45, 46, 47. 

— , Redesdale district, xxiii. 41. 

— , })order districts, xi. 60-61, 196, 

197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205. 
— , Glasgow 1870 meeting, xx. 183-184. 
— , Gowrie mines. Cape Bretoii, xxvi. 60 

et seq. 
-, Grafton Jones coal-getting machine, 

xix. 243. 
— , Guibal ventilator, Frameries, xvi. 8. 
— , Hall, T. Y., scholarship and- technical 

education, xix. 188. 
— , hand-gear for reversing winding-en- 

gine-s, xxvi. 149. 
— , Harkess rocks, xxvi. 128-129. 
— , haulage, East Tanfield, xxix. 73. 
— , inaugural address, opening of Wood 

memorial hall, xxi. 223-234. 
— , inclination of boreholes, xxix. 71. 
— , incorporation of institute, xxvi. 53-54. 
— , increasel number of vice-presidents, 

xi. 224. 
— , internal stress in cylindrical and 

spherical dams, xxxii. 213. 
— , jet-inininy, xxxi. 58. 
— , joint meetiiig, 1872, xxi. 113, 157. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



25 



Boyd, Edward Fenwick, Jones and Bid- 
der cord -break in.(j machine, xix. 10, 13. 

Kind-Ghaiidron. l)orin(jny>item, xx. 199 
et seq. ; xxi. 9-10, V2et seq. 

Lancashire coal-field, xv. 16. 

Lerjrand chair sleepers, xvii. 32. 

Lemielle ventilator, xix. 4. 

levelling instruments, xxvii. 128, 129. 

Limburg coal-field, xxvi. 2;')-26, 27-28. 

limestones, Northumbeiiand, xxv. 51- 
52, 56-57. 

Lloyd ventilating fan, xix. 6, 7- 

loiK/wall, Last Iletton cnlUery, xxv. 
258,259. 

- working, xvi. 42 ; xix. 86 tt seq. ; 
xxi. 8-9. 

- — , Annesley colliery, xxi. 104 
et seq. 

Lundhill colliery-explosion, vi. 122, 
124, 126, 224. 

mechanical stoking, xviii. 97. 

- - effects of blown-out shots on ventila- 
tion, xxvi. 103 et seq. 

memorial portrait of Nicholas Wood, 
xiv. 104. 

minera firestone, xxiv. 154, 155. 

mineral oilicorks, xx. 183. 

milling college, iii. 346 ; ix. 252. 

mininq in mountain limestone, xviii. 
151 ; xix. 102, lO.^, 104, 105, 106, 107, 
108, 109, 110, 111. 

natural pits, Belgium, xxiii. 79. 

New South Wales coal-field, vi. 22. 

Northumherland liniestone-s, xxiv. 145, 
147, 147, 148, 149. 

Nova ScoTian gypsum, xxx. 67-68. 

oil on wire-gauze, xv. 145. 

paradoxes in ventilation, xiii. 14, 50 
et seq. 

Fennsylvanian coal-measures, xxvi. 
28-31, 43, 44, 46, 48. 

Pernolet and Aguillon's re2)ort, xxxi. 
29. 

Per, an iron-lode, Cornwall, xxvii. 
139-140. 

jyractice of mine levelling, xx. 79. 

presentation of books, iv. 265. 

president, election, xviii. 153-15.'). 

presidential address, xix. 41-56 ; xx. 
219-220. 

, G. B. Forsttr, xxxi. 143. 

, G. G. Greenwell, xxx. 270-271. 

, Lindsay Woo I, xxv. 198-199. 

pressure of gas in solid coal, xxx. 257, 
259. 

prosperity of institute, xxv. 250. 

quoted, ix. 52, 55, 250 ; x. 7 ; xi. 104, 
105, 129; xiii. 112; xxi. 227-228; 
xxxvi. 159 ; xxxvii. 10 ; xxxviii. 41,42. 

Hamsay and Gook signal-indicator, 
xix. 25. 

rating of coal-mines, xiv. 102 et seq. 

registration of colliery plans, xvi. 5, 6. 

report on Lindley and Hutton collec- 
tion, xxv. 1-3. 



Boyd, Edwakd Kknvvkk, report of rtdes 
committee, xix. 99, 100. 

revision of rule /f, xxi. 82. 

rivetting report, xxi. 20. 

liosedale Abbey ironstone, vii. 95; xix. 
199, 200. 

Russian coalfields, xxiv. 151. 

safety-cage report, xx. 80. 

■ — cages, viii; 7- 

— lamps, xii. 75. 
selenitic plaster, xxiv. 153. 
Shall) boiler, xxvi. 98, 100, 101. 
smoke consxuners, xvii. 75. 
spontaneous combustion of coal, x. 178; 

xxv. 117 e< seq. 

statical and dynamical pressure in, lift- 
ing t-ets, xxi. 58, Q\ et seq. 

steam boilers, xix. 9 ; xx. 61, 115-116, 
120 et seq. ; xxx. 268. 

sub- Wealden boring, xxiii. 160, 161. 

stdtscriptions in arreur, xiv. 1. 

systems of opening bridges, xxii. 72. 

testing of safety-lamps, xxxv. 43. 

thanks to Literary and Philosophical 
Society, xxi. 82. 

tubing boreholes through quicksands, 
c. 247 et seq. 

undergrownd conveyance in Gleueland, 
xvi. 92, 126. 

— surveying, xx. 45 et seq, 100-101. 

— temperature, xxxi. 72, 73. 
utilization of blast-furnace gases, xx. 

167. 
valuation of mines, xxiii. 154, 156, 158. 
ventilation of underground boilers, xii. 
78. 
vote of thanks to, v. 226. 
wash, Durham coal-field, xiii. 69-85 ; 
xiv. 4. 

West Cumberland hiematitc-deposits, 
xxviii. 226, 227-228. 
winding-engines, xxvi. 116-117- 
wire-ropes, viii. 15, 18. 

tramivays, xx. 217- 

Wood memorial hall, xix. 73, 74. 
Wood safety-lamp, xvii. 63. 
Boyd, R. F., telephonic ventilation tell-tale, 

xxviii. 68. 
Boyd, Willi.\m, air-compressing ma- 
chinery, Nyhope, xxi. 81. 
— , comparative cost of coal and j/cuv ftiel, 

xxiii. 61. 
— , Cornish and other jmmpinq-engines, 

xix. 220. 
— , ensilage, xxxii. 114- 115. 
— , engines, British mercuntih mariui , 

xxiv. 125-127, 250, 257-258, 260. 
— , regulations for membership, xxvi. 144. 
— , report of ruhs committee, xix. 101. 
— , rivetting, xviii. 3 e/ seq., 9-18, 82-84 ; 

plates i. -vi. 
^, S/iau^ marine boiler, xxvi. 98. 
— , smoke-consumers, xvii. 68, 73-74, 75. 
— , steam boilers, xviii. 112 et stq. ; xix. 
9 ; xx. 62, 120 tt seq. 



20 



GKXEHAl. INDIX TO TK.VNS ACTIONS. 



lk»Yi>, Wii.i.iAM, tail-rope com7ni(tee'>* 

ii/Htrt, xviii. 7^-79. 
— , iiiech(tniiai-stukiii<i, xviii. 41-4'2 «/ sitj., 

S9 *7 sti/. 
Hoyt'ii cuiil-seain, scctiKii, xxviii, 6.S. 
Im'Vlk's liiw, iii. 74. 
Uov.s employed in coal-haulugc, iii. -GO- 

•JUI. 
r.riliiiiit till lie -IhikI, xxvii. 14<!, 148. 
l".r;Kliyiiietoj>u.s Strzeleckii, figured, vi. 

|»liile i\. .■{.'». 
Hnidlnirv colliery, immping-engine xv. 

i'>K\i)i.KV, F. \V., nuoted, xxxvii. abs. 75. 

linulloy ironworks, v. 'Jl.S. 

1!k\i>v, , ((iiottd, xxxii. 4. 

UuAiiv, i! H., (jiioled, xxiv. 141-145. 

15KAINKK1), Ai.K. F., ijuoted, xxxvii. abs. 

G. 
Hkaivk, M., (juoted, xxxviii. abs. 26. 
IJriikes for winding-engines, hydraulic, 

xxxvii. abs. 4o-44. 

— -, Weuger, compressed air, xxxii. abs. 

56. 

Hkamwkli,, Sik F., quoted, xxxviii. 43. 

IJkamwki.i-, Hrcii, horizon of low main 
seiim in a i)ortion of Durham coalfield, 
xxxvii. 151 - 15.S ; plates xxxvii.-xl. 

iiKAMWEM., J., (juoted, xxviii. 211. 

IJran, objections to, xxxii. 7S. 

lirancepeth coal-seam, xiii. 42. 

— colliery, xv. 2.39. 
, horses, xxxii. 108. 

, Juckes patent fires, xviii. 109. 

, working, xvi. 111. 

— new colliery, plant, xxxvi. 217. 
Huande's JofKNAL, quoted, iii. 51. 
IJrandlehow lead-mine, xxxiv. 12.M24. 
Hkandlinc, Jno., quoted, xxxviii. 191. 
I>KANULiN(i, Rev. R. H., quoted, xxxviii. 

1 98. 
Bkanumnc, Hubt. W., quoted, xv. 244 ; 

xxxviii. 198. 
r>iiANULiN(!, Wm., quoted, xxxviii. 195. 
Ukanulings Executor-s, quoted, iii. 

app. 6. 
Brandling junction railway, xv. 238. 
Brandon colliery, horses, xxxii. 108. 

, ventilating experiments, xxvii. 

103e/.s«7. 
Brandt, — , hydraulic-drill, xxxvi. 72 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 34. 

— , patent hydraulic stone-borer, xxxi. 
abs. 27. 

Bkandt-Sclzek air-compressors, xxxi. 

abs. 45, 46. 
Brandy well hall, xxviii. 6. 
Branthwaite, xxxiv. 132, 133. 
Bras dOr lake, Cape Breton, xxx. 53. 

, , analysis of water, xxix 57. 

Braslyd coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Bi-ass, fusibility, xxiii. 56. 

— thill coal-seam, pillar working, ix. 
20 et utij. ; section, xiii. 77 ; xxxvii. G, 
152, 153. 



lirassvein anLiiraciteseain, xxxi. 179, 189. 

Brasses, xiii. 223. 

Bnissy i)and coal-seam, xxxiii. 13.3; sec- 
tion, xxxii. 327. 

Brattice, materials, ix. 70-71, 79. 

Braun coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 

BiiAV, , tpioted, xxxviii. 172. 

Braxton, viii. 151. 

Brazil, diamonds, xxxiii. abs. 29. 

— , - , accompanying minerals, xxxiv. 
abs. 38. 

, -, deposits, xxxiv. abs. 45. 
, - fc»r drilling, xxiii. 194. 
, mineral resources, xxxiii. abs. 21. 

Druzos coal-field, xxxi. abs. .'^9. 

Breaking of anthracites, xxxi. 189. 

beam. Hartley colliery, xi. 147. 

- - coal, apparatus for preventing, 
XXV. 261-2()2 ; plate Ixxvii. 

collieiy rope«, xxxi. abs. 17-19. 

electric safety lamp, xxxi. 118-119 

engine beams, xi. 147 ; xii. 5 <-/ ■■«'/. 

— — glass in safety-lamps, xxxvii. 75- 
76 ; xxxviii. 17. 

— links in pit chains, xi. 161. 

- — winding-rope, xxxii. abs. 80-81. 

— strain of steel liars, xviii. 13, 14. 

wire-ropes, vii. 212 et mt/. 

Breathing in noxious gases, Fleuss appara- 
tus, xxxi. 197-203 ; plates xxxiii. - 
xxxvi. 

Breccia xxviii. 11 ; .sections, 155. 

— gasiies, xxxiii. 165-167, 169-174, 
diagrams, 166 ; xxxiv. 167. 

Brecknockshire, coal production, xxxi. 

180. 
Bkeckon, J. R., Aitken coke-ovpjui, xxix. 

194-195. 
— , A'lf/f/ and Meiklejohu coal cut tin;/ 

niarhinex, xxviii. 192. 
Breckox, J. R., AND R. Dixon, coke 

ovens, ix. 12, 35-37, 48 et ,st(j. ; xxii. 8 ; 

plan, facing, ix. 35. 
Brecon Hill, section, xi. 64. 
Bkemkk, .J. N. , quoted, xxxviii. 61. 
Brendon iron-ores, xxviii. 221-222. 
Brenkburne iron and coal-works, v. 214. 
Bke^nkcke, L. , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 16. 
Bressux, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 72. 
Breton, — , (juoted. xxxvii. abs. 70. 
Briar Hill block-coal, xxv. 154, 155. ■ 

Briart, a., quoted, xxiii. 67, 102-104. ^ 
— , mechanical coal-screen, xxvii. 181-182, 

194. 
Bkiavionne, — , quoted, iv. 294, 3u4. 
Brick clays or earths, xxiv. 27 : xxx. 124 ; 

xxxii. 52. , _ 

— coal-seam, section, xxxii 333. ■ 

— stoppings, XV. 207. T 
Bricks, magnetic, xxxiii. abs. 54. 

— for circular coke-ovens, diagram of 
sizes, facing, viii. 133. ^ 

— made of coal-ashes, xxxiv. abs, 71. ■ 
Bridge pit, Wigan, compressed-air ma- ' 

chinery, xxi. 206. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



27 



Bridge pit, Wigan, endless-rope, xvii. 

app. i. 119-133; plates xlviii.-xlix. 
Bridges, viii. 74-75, 78-79; xxxv. 229, 

231. 

, design of, xxix. 184-185. 

, different systems of opening, xxii. 

Gl-72, 152; plates XV. -xix., xxxvi. 
BKiixiKWATEK Trust oolUeries, Owen 

safety-cage, xix. app. i. 4. 
BRKiiiT, — , saftty-ca<ft>i, xv. 114. 
Brighton, wire-tramway, xx. 4, e/ ntq.; 

plates ii.-v., ix., xvdi-xviii. 
Brine, iii. app. 9. 

— springs, xiii. 208-209 ; xxx. 59-60. 
Brinkburn, v. 214 ; xxviii. 6-7. 

— , ironstone-shale, xxxiii. 71. 
— , niain-seani, xxxvii. 13, 18. 
— , synopsis of strata, xxxvii. 13. 
— , top coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Briquettes, xxviii. 207. 
— , manufacture, xxxvi. 35, 41, 42 ; 
xxxviii. abs. 24. 

— manufactory, Westphalia, xxxii. abs. 
63. 

Brislington coal-seams, xxvii. 89 ; 

section 97- 
Bristol, coal-field, geology, xxvii. 87-97 ; 

plates vi.-ix. 
— , • , northern end, x. 97-104, 113 

tt .seq. 
— , , Somersetshire section, x. 105- 

111, 113 ef seq. ; map and section 

facing 97. 
— , mining school, v. 26. 
— , two feet coal-seam, analysis, xxx. 18. 
Britannia bridge, viii. 74. 
British anthracites, xxxi. 176. 
British Association, xx. 162. 
, earth-tremors committee, xxxvii. 

65. 

, 1862 proposed meeting, xi. 7- 

, 1863 meeting, Newcastle, xii. 3, 

18-19, 46, 69-72, 87-92 ; 1889 meeting, 

xxxviii. 47, 220. 
, 1886 meeting, conference, Birming- 
ham, xxxvi. 61-63. 

, printing of papers, xiii. 1-2, 3, 11. 

, reports, xxxi. 61, 63, 65. 

— — , thanks to institute, xiii. 3. 
British carboniferous insects, xxxiv. abs. 

65. 

— coal, prices in India xxxviii. 160-161. 
, production, iv. 300-301; xxxii. app. 

13-15. 
, statistics from 1851 to 1881, xxxii. 

app. 1-14. 
versus foreign coal, vi. 65, 67. 

— coal-fields, duration, xxxii. 135-148, 
213. 

— collieries, fire-damp explosions, tables, 
xxxi. 88, 90. 

— colonies, minerals, xi. app. 5-6. 

— Columbia, coals, xxviii. 236-241. 

— — , mineral statistics, xxxvii. abs. 
56. 



British iron-ore production, xxxv. 10.5, 
113, 119, 121, 123, 124, 127, 130, 133, 
1.35, 139, 141, 143, 145. 
mercantile marine, engines, xxiv. 105- 
127 ; plates xxi.-xxxi., 250-253, 256- 
262. 

— minerals, iv. 71 ; xi. app. 4-5. 

— shipping, xxxvi. 136-137. 

British Suciktv (-k Mininc STt;i)ENTs, 

xxxvi. 168. tables, 190- 191. 
Briton ferry, xxiii. 242. 
Brittany, silver-lead mines, xxxvii. abs.7. 

— , tin-deposits, xxxiv. abs. 44. 

Broad Cove, Cape Breton, xix. 138 ; xxiv. 

181; xxvii. 2:^8. 
Broad gauge railways, viii. 77; ix. 61. 
BuoAOiiENT, .J. C , patent safety-cage 

xvi. 31, 33-34, 87-88, 106, 128 ; plates 

iv.-v. ; xix. app. i. 5-7 ; plate vi. 
Broadwood quarry, section and plan, xxi. 

270. 
BK()rKr.ANK,WiM.,(iuoted, xxviii. 143,147. 
Bhockik, , clock work -lamp, xxxiv. 28. 
— , commutating-lamp, xxxiv. 33-35 ; 

plates vii.-viii. 
— , double carbon lamj), xxxiv. 35 ; 

plate viii. 
Brockley, New Zealand, analysis of coal, 

xxxv. 198. 

—, , coal-mine, xxxv. 197, 198. 

Brockram, xxxi. 219. 

Brockwell coal seam, ii 110, 144, 217, 

273 ; xiii. 42, 46, 47 ; xx. 95, 97 ; xxv. 

235, -'37 ; xxxiii. 137 ; xxxvii. 3. 6, 7, 

24, 125 et seq. 

, Browney, xxviii. 106. 

, coking coals, xxii. 8, 156. 

, explosion in, xxxiii. abs. 38. 

— • , longwall, xvi. ^5. 

, Redheugh coUieiy, faults in, 

xxxviii. 49 eJ seq.,- plates ii.-iii. 

, good coking coal, viii. 112. 

, pillar working, viii. 88 et stq. ; 

section, viii. 89. 

BRO(ii)EN, .Ias., quoted, xix. app. i. 3. 

Bro.ia, — , quoted, xxvii. 191. 

liioken ropes or chains, accidents from, 
xix. app. i. 18 et seq. 

— workings, xvi. 48, 110; xxxi. 16-17; 
plates ii. iii. iv. v. vi. 

, VVarora xxxviii. 121. 

Bromlee Lough, xxiv. 85, 88, 89. 

Bromley. by-Bow, Bastier chain-pump, 
XV. 124-125, 137. 

Bromwich, Heath pit, plan of wagon- 
ways and boilers, x. 32. 

Brongmart, Cii.\s., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 
17 ; xxxvii. abs. 86. 

Brooch coal-seam, x. 170. 

Broockmanx, Dr. K., quoted, xxxviii. 
179. 

Brook, E., quoted, xix app. i. 10, 15. 

Brookfield, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 76. 

Brooks, C. A., inft<iratioii of e.i/}n'<sioii 
for hnr of roo/liit/, iv. 182-184. 



2H 



GEXKHAI. INDF.X TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Kkihiks.W. a., (im.tttl, ii. 11411"); v. 175. 
liiiooKsuANK, , (|Ui>ti'(l, viii. 14."1, 149. 
Brnoinhill onlliiMv, x 44 4") ; xv. •245. 
, coulciiltiiig inucliiiif, xii. 4i), 50. 

— — ., coalsetmis, xxxvii. 7. 
, nip-out, xxxviii. 54. 

— — , tnmHini.s.sioii of power by steam, 
XXXV. 159 I(i(5 ; plate xxiii.; xxxvi. 13 
rl Mfif. 

Hi(H>iii Hou.sc, l)ji8ivlt, xxiv. i;i9. 
i^Kui'tMi, HKNNKTr H. , outbiifsts of gaa 

in inetulliferous mines, xxxviii. 59-70. 
Bkoich, Lionki,, Dwilish iratirtjiiKyt, 

xvii. '29, 30. 

, Hditliy rollii-f!/ acrideut, xii. 8 et ne.q. 

, horxf-jtoinr itfi 'orin'sh i'ii<jme-i,\v'\'\. 24. 
Hroughton Moor, viii. 150. 
collieries. xx<iii. 1'23, 137, 138, 1?9; 

xxxiv. 106, 109, no. 

, section.s, xxxii. .S30, 356. 

Bkowei.l, -, quoted, iv. 66, 100; xii. 202. 
Browkli. and Riciiaru.son, quoted, xv. 

101, 145. 
Brown, Amos P., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

74 ; xxxviii. al)s. 71. 
Brown, John, li<ihtnliitj, Cannock Chaie 

collkries, xxx. 131. 
— , rope-hanfftije, xxix. 71-72. 
—. Seaton Hum hoihr-txploxion, xi. 35. 
Brown, M. Walton, alttralion ot hi/t- 

I'air.s, xxxviii. 184. 
— , apparatus for rapid determination of 

specific gravities, xxxvi. 95-97 ; plate 

xiv. 
— , barometer and thermometer readings 

1888, xxxviii. 229-235 ; plates i.-iv. 
— , coal-ditit, xxxvii. 257- 
— , correlation of coal-seams of carboni- 
ferous formation of North of England, 

with notes on probable duration of 

coal-field, xxxvii. 3-21, 24, 25, 124, 

126 ; plate i. 
— , earth-movements and gases in mines, 

xxxvi. 43-44, 86, 120, 121. 
— , ex/Krimenfion resi.sfaiice to air -currents 

in minis, xxxviii. 218. 
— , experiments on Wolf safety-lamp, 

xxxiv. 293-294. 
— ,ft(ltrution ofin-stitutci, xxxvii. 155, 175. 
— , improved form of stifmoxrope, xxxvii. 

112. 
— , instruments for measuriwi i/as, xxxvii. 

66. 
— , joint committee on merhanical ventila- 
tors, xxxvii. 181 et seq. 
— , liqht miwral -oils as lubricants, xxxviii. 

9, 10, 12. 
— , Marsaut safety-lamp, xxxiv. 161-165, 

166, 167 ; plate xxxiv. 
— , mech nical ventilators, observations 

to be made and instructions to engin- 
eers, xxxvii. 189. 
— , observation of earth-shakes, xxxiii. 

179-183; xxxiv. 168-169, 170; xxxvii. 

66, 112. 



Brown, M. Walton, Pieler spirit-lamp 
a« a fire-damp intlicator, xxxviii. 177- 

181 ; plates v. -viii. 182, 182a. 

, (juoted, xxxii. 123; xxxiv. 293; 
xxxvii. 55, 101 ; xxxviii. 39. 
, report of committee on earbli-tremors 
a d their conne.tion witli Lssues of gas 
ill mines, xxxvii. .")5 .")7, 66. 

— , - — — - Kyhope air-receiver 
cxpio.sion, xxxvii. 197-204,215; plates 
xli.xlix. 

— , sicnrit-, xxxvi. 82. 

, Strun impnned electric safety-lamp, 
xxxvi. 57. 

— , Swete electric saftty-lamp, xxxviii. 18. 
, translation of E. Mallard's remarks 
on pressure of gas in solid coal, xxxii. 
123. 

, t raiislation of new mining regulations, ' 
Belgium, xxxiv. 265-283. 

-'- , — — Prussian regulations for man- 
agement f)f fiery mines, xxxv. 167-171. 

Brown, I)k. R., quoted, xxiii. 170 ; 
xxvii. 2:{8, 240. 

Brown, T. For.ster, diamond-drill, xxiii. 
196. 

— , fideration of minimi institutes xxxvii. 
164, 176, 177, 178, 179. 

--, joint committee on mechanical ventila- 
tors, xxxvii. 185. 

— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 31-32. 
— , quoted, xxiv. 8. 

— , Russian coal-fields, xxiv. 20-21. 
— , iSouth Wales coal-fields, xxiii. 197-256. 
Brown and Ada:ms, quoted, xxxviii. 89. 
Brown anil black rakes ironstone, x. 119. 

— ash coal, x. 172, 174, 182. 

— coal, Roumania, xxxvii. abs. 79. 
, spontaneous combustion, xxv. 179- 

182 ; plate 1. 

, Transylvania, xxxv. 88. 

— -- , Upper Rhine, ix. 71. 

— coal-mine near Dux, xxxiv. abs. 5. 

— ha;ii)atite, xxvii. 133, 1.34, 136. 137. 
Brownk. Sir B. C. , reception of visitors, 

xxxvi. 126-127. 
Browne, W. R,., quoted, xxi. 54. 
Browiiey boring, xxiii. 160, 161. 

— colliery, coke-ovens, xxvii. 127. 
, plant, xxxvi. 216. 

, visit to, xxviii. 105-106 

— river, borings near, xxx. 102. 
Brownrigo, Capt., quoted, vi. 23. 
Brownville, Nebraska, xxxv. abs. 40. 
Broxtow colliery, x. 150. 

Bruay, high resistance dam, xxxv. abs. 

5-6. 
Bruay Colliery Company, xxvii. 161. 
Bruce, Dr. J. C, quoted, viii. 47 ; 

XV. 176 ; xxxiv. 84, 99. 
Bruce, Geo. B., presidential address, 

Sir Lowthian Bell, xxxvi. 165. 
Briickenberg colliery, coal-dressing, xxix. 

164-170; plates xxviii.-xxxi 
Bruxel, I., quoted, viii. 76. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVTTI. 



•29 



Brunkt, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 82. 
Brnniier colliery, xxxv. 191-192. 

liKUNNLKOITNKK, PkOF. AU(!., quoted, 

XXXV. abs. 16. 
Brunton, Dickinson, quoted, xix. 93. 
Brunton colliery, xv. 207. 
Brunton locomotive, viii. 48. 

— patent borer, xix. 92-93. 

— ventilator, xix. 227, and plate xlii. 
'- -, Gelly Gare, xviii. 134. 

— quarry, section, xxiv. 150. 

Brush arc lamps, xxxiv. 30-32 ; plate 
vii. 

— dynamos, xxxiv. 13-17 ; plate iv. 
Brusselton Hill, viii. 56, 57- 

Bryant, E. R. , coul-measure.s, Cdtalonia, 

xxxvi. 41, 42. 
Bryce, Dr., carboniferous, Srot/aml, xx. 

XX. 156-157. 
Bryiiam, John, safety-hook, xix. app. i. 

15-16; plate xvi. ; xxix. 204, 212; 

plate xxxiv. 
Brvham, W. , quoted, xix. app. i. 16. 
Brynddu colliery, endless-chain, xvii. 

app. i. 142-144; plates lii.-liii. 
Brynn, safety-lamp experiments, xxix. 

146 et ■'<rq. 
Buchberg coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
- c lal-miiies, iv. 76-81, 90-91 ; view, 106. 
Buchum Valley, gold, xxxv. 87- 
Buck, S. M., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 23. 
Bucket door-piecea, breakage, xxi. 50- 

52, 64 e^ seq., 91, 96. 
Buckets, V. 51-52. 
— , Framwellgate colliery, wear of, xii. 

39. 
— , gutta-percha, xii. 39. 
Buckland Hollow coal-seam, x. 120. 
Buckley Lane colliery, Owen safety-cage, 

xix. app. i. 4. 
BucKMASTER, J. C. , technical education, 

xvii. 95-101, 102, 103, 104. 
BucKSTONE ventilation-register, x. 133. 
BuDDLE, John, proposed mining-record 

office, xii. 36-37. 
--, quoted, i. 282, 287, 301-302; ii. 

130; vii. 6; ix. 240: xii. 179, 186; 

xiii. 42, 46 ; xv. 145, 214, 218, 221- 

222, 224, 225, 228, 229-230, 231, 232, 

235; xvi. 6; xvii. 58, 82, 106; xix. 

180, 181, 184; xxv. 5, 8; xxx. 36; 

xxxi. 125, 126; xxx vii. 22, 125 ; 

xxxviii. 39, 42, 53. 
— , executors, quoted, iii. app. 4. 
Buddle's Hartley colliery, iii. 11, 22. 
Buddling-ores, xxx. 146-148 ; plates 

xxxvi. -XXX vii. 
Bueckinc;. H., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Buildings for institute, xvii. 31-32, 41, 

42, 55, 60. 
Neunkirchen coal-dust experiments, 

xxxiv. 223-226 ; plate xxxviii. 
Building-stones, xxiii. 215 ; xxx. 122 ; 

xxxiv. abs. 32. 
BuissoN, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 71. 



Jluisson coal-seam, xxxiv. aV)8. 37. 
Buitron j)yrites-deposit, xxxvii. 51. 
Bukowina, mining, xxxiv. abs. 51. 
Bulgaria, coals, xxxiii. abs. 20. 

, minerals, xxxv. abs. 50-51. 
Bulkhead, Hury reservoir, xxxiv 261- 

262. 
Bull coal-vein, section, ii. 255. 
— iron smelting process, xxxiii. abs. 72. 

- lodes, xxxi. 158; section, 173. 
Buller, New Zealand, coal-field, xxxv. 

187-188. 
Bullgill collieries, xxxiii. 129, 133, 134; 

sections, xxxii. 334-335, 356 ; xxxiii. 

149. 
Bullock Island, New South Wales, 

section, xxxvii. 146 ; plate xxxiv. 
Bully-(irenay colliery, xxvii. 159-160, 

279; plates xxxvi. -xxxvii. 
Bulman coal, ix. 204, 208, 209, 218, 22r), 

22:i, 224, 225; xxxvii. 13, 20. 

seam, xxx. 12."). 

Billow coal-seam, section, xxvii. 56. 
Bultfontein diamond-mine, xxxv. abs. 

18, 19. 
Bulwell plane, x. 154, 157, 158. 
Bunches, xxviii. 119, 1 120, 146; figures, 

x xviii, 155. 
Bundings, xviii. 175. 

Bunker Hill district, Broadbent safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 7. 

— ■ — , Ormerod disconnecting hook, 
xix. app. i. 13. 

BuNNiNCJ, Chas. Z., Brandt hydranlic- 

drill, xxxvi. 72. 
— , coal-mining, Warora, xxxviii. 77-169 : 

plates iv.-iv. bis. 
— , description of instrument for levelling 

underground, xxvii. 3-6, 7, 128 ; plates 

i.-ii. 
— , instrument for ascertaining inclina- 
tion of Vwreholes, xxix 61-70, 189, 

191 ; plates iii. -iv. 71. 
— , quoted, xxix. 91. 
— , securUe, xxxvi. 85. 
BuNNiNO, Theo Wood, abstracts of 

foreign papei's, xxxi. 75 76 
" , American coal and df reqion'<, xxv. 

101. 
— , appointed secretary, xvi. 128, 129. 
— , ballot inq for members, xxvi. 160. 
— , barometer and thermometer readings, 

1869, xix. app. ii. 25-37, plates i.-viii. ; 

1870, XX. app. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1871, 
xxi. app. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1872, xxii. 
app. 1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1873, xxiii app. 
1-7 ; plates i.-iv. ; 1874, xxiv. app. 1-7 : 
plates i.-iv. ; 1875, xxv. app. 1-7 ; plates 
i.-iv. ; 1876, xxvi. app. 1-7, : plates i.- 
iv. ; 1877, xxvii. app. 307-313 ; plates 
i.-iv. ; 1878, xxviii. app. 257-263 : 
plates i.-iv. ; 1879, xxix. app. 249-2.V) ; 
plates i.-iv. ; 1880, xxx. app. 293-299 : 
plates i.-iv. ; 1881 , xxxi. app 249-255; 
plates i.-iv. ; 1882, xxxii. app. 371-377 ; 



So 



CKNKK.VI. l.NDI.X It) TKANSACTIONS. 



(iliili's i.-iv. 
.■ll.'i ; pliitv.s i.-iv 



18M3, xxxiii. iipp. 'J.IU- 

iv. : 18S4, xxxiv. ."lOO- 

|.S8.'». XXXV. --MT •2.")M; 

!-':>-'_':n ; 



ISSO, XXX vi. 
18S7, xxxvii. '-'lil-'JOT 



pllltf8 I.-IV 

pliktcH i.-iv, 

pliitcH i.-iv. 
Hr\NiNu. TiiKo. \V(i(ii>, lUiincliet sys- 

tfiii of raising ooiil l)v iitiiio.sphfric 

preiwure, xxiii. 81-89, '{)0, i)'J ; plate 

xxvi. 
— , lioilfr tXfterimriifM, xxix. '.)!) 100. 
— , iiiMftrrlion, xxx. 2ti8. 
— , hrtrrin i/it-ihr-i nwt turlh-tn morn, 

xxxiv. 107,170.171. 
— , coa/-CHttiiiij mnrhiiif-i, xvii. 34-30. 
— , cofil ija-H iu< a hfiit-prmlnrer, xxiii. 62. 
— , Coriiith jiiiiiii)liiif-ni'/in< fSif/fimjsloiiis, 

xxi. .^S, 103. 
— , roiuiti ilinldiiriiii/ en<fin>'x, xxi. 218. 
— , -- iriiitiiiiij-i' Ill/ill fM, XXV. 209. 

, Cniiislon i/irjt l>orliit/-iii(irhlii< , xxx 

2«6. 
— , ilitection of injlammahli i/a-'<ts, xxvii. 

292. 

, Doiiiflnx xaj'ejy lamp, xxx v. 67. 
— , latth-mommnlx ami i/n.^r-i in miiipx, 

xxxvi. 121. 
— , engines used in Britisli mercantile 

inarino, xxiv. 105 124, 12.") ef ■•<ir/., 250- 

2.')3, 259, 200 ; plates xxi. -x xxi. 
— , experiments on board the Wear- 
dale, xviii. 105-106 ; plates xviii. -xxxiv. 
— , — — riveting, xviii. 10. 
— , — iri/h roa/-iln.f/, xxviii. 164, 165 ; 

xxxiv. 249, 250, .300. 
— , federation of mining institutes, xxxvi. 

167-197. 
— , Fletiss apparatus for breathing in 

noxious giises, xxxi 197-202 ; plates 

xxxiii. -xxxvi. 
— , (hiHoiray stnoh- consumer, xvii. 63. 
--, ;/a-s, Strajlhrd main colliery, xxv. 104. 
— , tjofiex orrliuled in coal, xxii. 1.37. 
— , Gowrie mines, Cape Breton, xxvi. 55- 

60, 61. 
— , incorporation o/iih^titiite, xxi. 289--90. 
— , Kintl-Chaiidronhorinij-\i/'<te)n, xxi, 18. 
--, ll'lhtninr/ in pit, Tanfield Moor, xxx. 

42.' 
— , Lewis and Manrice fire-dampj indica- 
tor, xxx^^. 76. 
— , lomjicall ivorkinrj, East Hetton colliery, 

xxvi. 66, 67. 
— , mechanical effects of hlon-n-ont shots on 

renfiJation, xxvi. 103 et scq 
— , meihanical stokim/, xviii. 44 46, 47, 

86-88, 89, '<se7. 
— , nt"r coal-basin, Dutch Linihnn/, xxvi. 

15-28. 
— , non-condnctini corerin;f for stea i - 

pipes, xxxii. 175. 
— , Nova Scotian iron-ores, xxvi. 89. 
— , ohservation-s at Seaham colliery during 

seaJiiuj up of Mniidlin seam, xxxii. 

314. 



BuNNiNi;, TiCKO. Wood, jiatonts con- 

iiect«'d with miiiihL; opi-ratioiiH, x\ii. 

.*i4, 54, app. ii. 3-72 ; plates i.-x. ; xviii. 

upp. 1-.S4 ; xix. ap|). iii. 39-.'J7 ; xx. 

upp. ii. 9-21 ; xxi. app. ii. 9-19 ; xxii. 

ajip. ii. !>-27 ; xxiii. app. ii. 9 24; 

xxiv. app. ii. 9 27 ; xxv. app. ii. 9-28. 
— , I'iilrr safety-la ni)), xxxiv. 285-289 ; 

plate xl. 
— , jiortable hydraulic riveter, xviii. 13 

et st(/., plates iv.-v. 
— , presentation to, xxxvii. 129 et sei/. 
— , pressure of gas in solid coal, xxxii. 

310. 
—.prevention of spontaneous combustion, 

xxv. 107-110, 123 et seq., 1311.32, 17M 

et SI' (J., ])late Iii. 
— , <|Uoted, XX xviii. 43, 220. 
— , reports f)n ex|)eriment3 witli steam 

coal, Keyham, xiv. 47-65. 

- , report on riveting, xxi. 67-69 ; plate 
xiii. 

— , It wisian coal-fields, xxiv., 151. 
— , seen rite, xxxvi. 85-86. 

— , Slui'i; marine boiler, xxvi. 98, 100. 

-, steam boilers, xvii. 108 et secj. 

- - , Sunli>/ht electric safety-lam)), xxxvii. 

115. ■ 
■ , Sicnn improved electric Hafety-lamp, 
xxxvi. 8 el seq,, 56 et seq. 

- , sajtty-lainps and shot- firlji;/, xxiv. 172. 
— , smoke-consinners, xvii. 67-68 et seq. 

— , South Wales anthracite, xxxi. 191- 

193. 

, Stephenson centenary, xxx. 133-1."',4. 
— . translation of reports on Neunkirchen 

experiments with coal-dust, xxxiv. 

199-245, 297-299; plate xxxviii. 
— , ralunfiou i if mines, xxiii. 150. 
— , vnitilation of mines, xxvi. 177, 178. 
— , Villepigue perforator, xx. 65-70 ; 

plate xxx. 
— , windiwj oM'jine with self-actinij rariahle 

expansion, xxvi. 116. 
— , Wolf safety-lamp, xxxiv. 291-294 ; 

plates xli-xlii. 
BuNSKN, Prof., quoted, xxxviii. 69. 
— , })urner, xxiii. 48 et seq. 
Bunter, xxviii. 1), 1213; sections, 

xxviii. 65. 
Burdon Main colliery, ii. 272 ; xv. 220. 
BuRDON, W. W., Barkus, Jun., andCo., 

quoted, app. iii. 6-7- 
Bureau, Ad., quoted, xxxv. abs. 24. 
BuRGiN dynamo, xxxiv. 12 ; plate iii. 
BuRLKKiH rock-drilling machines, xxi. 

253. 
BuRLixsoN', Jas. , quoted, vi. 187:188. 
Burmali, earthquake, xxxvii 56. 
— , petroleum, xxxvi. abs. 11. 
Burn, Jas., longwall ivorlinij at Annesley 

colliery, xxi. 111. 
— , tail-rope committee^ s report, xviii. 61, 

62. 
BuBNES, Sib Alex. , quoted, ii. 226. 



VOLl^MES I. TO XXXVIII. 



81 



BURNKTT, — , feeding of colliery horses, 

xxxii. 1(12. 
BnuNKTT composition for covering stetmi 

pi])es, xxxii. .S5 el scq. 

— roller mining-wedge and nicking-ma- 
chine, xxxiv. 193-198; xxxv. 97-101.; 
plate xxxvii. 

Burning coal in mounds, \iii. 1 \'.\. 

— mountain, xxviii. 22. 
Burnley, coal-seams, xv. 14. 

-- collieries, entlless-chain, xv. 94 ; xviii. 

61, 62. 
, friction of tubs, xvii. app. i. S7- 

88. 

, indirect-acting engines, xv. .33, 94. 

Burnoptield colliery, xv. 245. 

BuKNS, David, Ciunberlnnd cotil -field, 

xxxiii. 137. 
— , intrusion of whin sill, xxvii. 73-78, 

84-85, 297-299. 
— , qvioted, xxxi. 66, 72. 
— , supply of pure water anfl motive 

power to centres of population, xxviii. 

173-181. 
Burnswark Hill quarry, section, xi. 69. 
Burnwood coal and ironstone, section, ii. 

241, 246, 247. 
Burradon, xxviii. 7- 

— collierv, ii.' 277-278 ; viii. 26, 27 ; xv. 
253. 

, direct-acting engine, xv. 142. 

, explosion, viii. 85-86, 137-138, 161- 

170 ; plan facing 161 ; ix. 55-56. 

— to Whitley, viii., secti(m, facing .32. 
BuRRELL, - , (|Uoted, iii. app. 2 and 3, 
Burrows, Geo., LiindhiH ro'fien/-e.fji o- 

■son, V. 288. 
Burryport, xxiii. 243. 
Burslem, ii. 242-243. 
Burt, Thomas, E/lis Lerer prize for 

safety -I amps, xxxiv. 296. 
Burton Beck iron-mine, xxxiv. 93. 

— He id, section, v. 203. 
Biirtree dyke, xviii. 168, 169-170. 

— Pasture lead-mine, xix. 102, 103; xxiv. 
147. 

shaft, xxvii. 85 ; section, 299. 

Burtreeford dyke, xx\-. 52. 
Burwood seam, vi. 47. 
Bushel, weight of, various places, xix. 
177, 182-183. 



Bussey's (|uarry, xxi. 262. 

I>i;siiN, <)., quoted, xxxi. ali.s. 7. 

Hustyl)unk coal, ix. II. 

seam, xiii. 42, 46, 47 ; xxxvii, 6. 

126 ; xxxviii. 49, 50, 52, 56, 57. 
• — , Browney colliery, xxviii. 106. 

— ^ explosion, xxxiii. abs. 38. 

, good coking coal, viii. 1 12. 

, Kedheugh, faults, xxxviii. 49 

et xpq. ; ])lates ii.-iii. 
But(;heh, — , mechanical stoker, xx\ii. 

2()8-".'10fi^ ver/. ; plates xxvi.-xxvii. 
BiiTK, Marquis of. Executors, quoted, 

iii. app. 7-8. 
Bute docks, xxiii. 237, 239. 
Uutcland fell, xxii. ll,"!, 117. 
Butte, Montana, mining-district, xxxiv. 

abs. 66 ; xxxvii. abs. 5. 
Butterknowle colliery, xv. 179. 
~ dyke, ii. 111-112; iii. 7. 
— forty fatiioms dyke, xii. 156. 
Butterley boiler explosion, xxxii. 194 ; 

plate xxvi. 
BuTTERr.KY Company, longwall workincr. 

.). 
Butterley park colliery. King safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 9. 
, — disconnecting Iiook at, xix. 

app. i. 14. 
Butties, charter masters, x. 191-192. 
Butty system, ii. 244-245. 
Butylene, xxii. 27. 
Buxton, (J., quoted, xxxii. 189. 
Buxton, Wm., ventilation register and 

detector, x. 131, 133- Uio. 
Bye-laws, alteration, xxxviii. 76.\-76i! 

183-185. 
Bye-wash, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 261. 
Byer Moor, boiler-explosion, xi. 207-208 

214-215. 
Byers Green colliery, xv. 243. 

, Calow safety-cage, xvi. 24, 28. 

, utilization of gases from coke- 
ovens, xxii. 156, 157- 
Byreburn coal-seams, plan, xi. 74. 
Byreburnfoot, section, xi. 7-5. 
Byreburnside workings, section, xi. 75. 
BVRNK, A., quoted, V. 182. 
Byron colliery, Haltwliistle, Bowlker 

and \\ atson fan, xxxi. 100 ; xxxii 

26-27. 



C. 



Cacciatore seismometer, xxxiv. abs. 

65. 
Cackett, J. T., quoted, xxxvii. 85. 
Cadegal inclined j)lane, xxxv. alis. 64. 
(^adibona coal-tield, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Cadzow colliery, Guibal fan, xxvii. 107- 
Caermarthenshire, coal production, xxxi. 

180. 
Caerphilly, boring, xxx. 94. 
Caerwys,\xv. 82, 83, 86, 87. 



Cage-accident, Walker collie 
Cage-catches, xxx\ii. abs. 42 

abs. 16. 
Cage-kejjs, xxvii. M] ; figure 
Cages, X. 17-18. 53. 
— , Belgian pits, regulations 

268. 

, Clifton Hall colliery, 

{)late vii. 
— , Warora colliery, xxxviii 



rv, XI. 
-43 : XX 

, xxvii. 

, xxxiv. 

XV. 25, 

106. 



161. 
xviii. 

267- 
36 : 



82 



(iENERAI, INDIX Id ri{.\\>A( IIOXS. 



C'ail, RiniARn, Newcastle wiiU-r supply, 

xxiv. ">,"i.5lL 
('ail AM> Co., works, xxvii. '2~'2'2~'.i. 
Caii, and (ii-ovKR, safety -lamp, xvii. 

3840. 
Caillai'X, Alk., i|uoteil, xxv. 73, 75. 
("iiiroand AU'Xiindiia railway, viii. 74-75. 
C'aisses de pivvoviiiioe, Helgium, xiii. 41, 

57-68, 103104, loT-luS; xiv. 39-41, 

6970. 
Caistor, xxiv. '24. 
Cakiiig-ct>al not lialilt- to Hpoiitaneous 

comuustion, x. I6S, 173, 175. 17S. 
Calais to St. I'ol, section, xxxii. '23. 
Calamine, xxv. Si-8'2. 
Calamites, New South Wales, figured, 

vi., 34 ; plate iii. 

— in coal, xi. 173. 

Cahifius pyrites mine, xxxvii. 3'2. 
Caloiferous sandstone, MacLaren, xxv. 

'23'2-'233. 

series, xx. 132-140; xxx. 121, 123. 

Ciilcium chloride, gold extraction, xxxvii. 

al>s. 60. 

— phosphate, xii. 206. 

Calculations of growth of seams, xii. 

31-32. 
Calculator, Bainbridge, xxxiv. 139-142; 

and plate xix. 
Caldbeck, xxxi. 218. 

— Fell lead-mines, xxxiv. 119-120, 121. 
Caldside coal-seam, ix. 203 ; xxx. 124 ; 

xxxvii. 13, 19. 
Caldwell, NV., quoted, xxvi. 97. 
Caledonia colliery, xix. 142, 151, 159; 

xxiv. '203. 
California, cinnabar deposits, xxxiii. 

abs. 37. 
— , El Boleo, copper, xxxvi. abs. 7. 
— , geology, xxxiv. abs. 18. 
— , gold-bearing gravels, xxxv. abs. 41. 
— , New Almaden, quicksilver deposits, 

xxxviii. abs. 8. 

— pit, Wigan, accident, xvi. 33. 

, — , endless rope, xvii. app. i. 106- 

107 ; plates xli.-xlii. 
Callerton district, coal-seams, xxxvii. 7. 
Calmoutiers iron -ore, analysis, xxv. 75. 
Calorific power, French coals, xxxvii. 

abs. 87-88. 
, Hartley coal, xiv. 51-52, 57, 59, 

60, 64. 
, various coals, iv. 2S3 ; xii. 199 ; 

xiv. 49 ; xvii. 72, 74 et seq. 
, Welsh coals, xiv. 53, 57, 59. 

— value of coal, xii. 199. 
Calorimeters, Berthelot, xxxvii. abs. 87. 
— , Favre and Silbermann, xxxvii. abs. 

87. 
— , Thompson, xxxvii. abs. 86-87- 
Calow, J. T., disconnecting-hook, xix. 

app. i. 13-14 ; plate xv. 
— , safety-cage, xv. 108-120; plates xv. 

XX. ; xvi. 2.'1-3() ; xix. app. i. 7-9, 22- 

23 ; plate vii. 



Calvkkt, Pkok. Crac!K, desulpliurization 

process, viii. 121 ; ixii. 11. 
— , quotetl, xi. 21. 
CA.MBESSEuks, K., (juoted, xxxvi. abs. 

43. 
— , safety-lamp, xxxvi. abs. 43. 
Cambois colliery, horses, xxxii. 109. 

— , iniliarubber cushions for pit-pul- 
leys, XX. HO ; plate xxxiii. 

, plant, xxxvi. 205-206. 

, winding-engines, xv. 142. 

, wrouglit-iron beam, xvi. 128. 

Cambrian formation, xi. 130, 131. 

— --, manganese-ore, Morionethsliire, 
xxxvi. 103-117; plates xvi. -xix. 

Camekon, a. S., special steam-pump, 

xvii. 87-94, 113 ; plate vii. 
— , pump, Australia, xxxviii. 16 
Camerton, viii. 150; xxxiii. r24, 125, 134, 

139. 

— colliery, xxxiv. 110. 
Cammin borehole, xxvii. 38. 
Cami'ani, (i., Italian lignites, xxxvii 

abs. 37. 
Campanil haematite, xxxiii. 213, 214. 

, analyses, 215. 

Campbelton, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 179. 
Campbon cement, xxvi. abs. 23-24. 
Campliausen collieries, xxvii. 187 ; 

x.x.wii. abs. 79. 

, explosion, xxxiv. 245-246. 

, shafts, xxxii. abs. 66-67- 

Campion, John, quoted, xxxii. 53. 
(•amprodon, xxxvi. 38, 39 ; section, 

40. 
Cam stamps, xxx. 138 ; plate xxx. 
Canada, anthracite, xxvii. 236, 241. 
— , apatite, xxxiv. abs. 23 ; xxxvii. abs. 

37. 
— , clay-ironstone, analyses, xxvii. 2.30. 
— , coal production, xxxvii. abs. 78. 
— , coals, xxvii. 213-241. 
— , coke, analj'ses, xxvii. 230. 
— , frontier, xxiv. 237. j 

— , gold-bearing mispickel veins, xxxi. ■ 

abs. 41. ■ 

— , iron-ores, xxxvii. abs. 8. 
Canalization of rivers, xxxii. abs. 1 1 ; 

xxxv. 232-'_'3.3. 
Canal, underground, Orbo, xxxvi. 119. 
— , Derby and Nottingham, x. 121, 123. 
Canals, iv. 6r, 69 ; xxxv. 232-233. 
Casaval, Dr. Richard, quoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 62. 
Cancer coal, ix. 2 ;4 ; xxxvii. 13, 20. 
Candler, Thomas E. , method of survey- 
ing with the loose needle among rails, 

etc., xxxi. 33-40. 
— , Thompson centrifugal pulverizer, 

xxxiii. 107-120, and plate iv. 
Candles, electric, xxxiv. .39. 

— in mines, danger of, vii. 56. 

Cannel band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 
327-3.30, .3.32, - 333, 3.35, .348, 349 ; 
xxxiii. 133-135. 



VOLl'MKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



38 



Caniiel coal,' ii. 140-14S ; iii. 12, 17; iv. 
133. 

, Alaska, xxxviii. abs. 19. 

, gases yielded, xxvi. 35, 36. 

, New South Wales, vi. 4G. 

— — , not liable to spontaneous combus- 
tion, X. 175, 170. 

— — seam, xxxvii. 15. 

— pits, experiments, i. 66-68. 
Cannock and Rugeley, Guibal fan, xxvii. 

106, 107. 

— Chase collieries, Cooke ventilator, 
xxvi. 154. 

, (iuibal fan, xxvi. 167. 

, Kind-Chaudron system, xxx. 

45. 

— , lightning, xxx. 131. 

, Rammell ventilator, xxvi. 156. 

, rope-haulage, xxix. 71-72. 

Canobie or Canonbie, viii. 142-143, 155 

158, 159. 
— , boring, xi. 61. 
— , coal-field, xi. 117 ; plan and sections, 

75, 76 ; xiii. 44, 45 ; section, 44 ; xxxiii. 

130. 
— , coal-formation, xi. 60-63, 65-88. 

— colliery, section, xi. 78. 
Canterbury, New Zealand, coal-fields. 

XXXV. 196-200 ; section, 220. 
Canton, mines near, xv. 71. 
Cape Breton, coal-field, xix. 137-164; 

xxiv. 173-189. 

, coals, xxvii. 215-228. 

, geological map, facing xiv. 15. 

, Gowrie coal-field, xxvi. 55-62 ; 

plate vii. 

, iron-ores, xxvi. 85-86. 

, submarine coal, xxiv. 17.'^-189, and 

plate xxxiv. 
— • — , Sydney coal-field, xxiv. 191. 
Cape Canso, xxi. 151, 152. 
Cape of Good Hope, diamond mines, 

xxxiii. abs. 41. 
Capell, Rev. G. M., ventilating fan, 

xxxviii. abs. 9. 
Capital embarked in coal-trade, ii. 25 ; 

xxxiii. 229. 

— required, iv. 29. 

— sunk in canals, railways, and shipping, 
iv. 69, 72. 

collieries, iv. 56, 60, 68, 290, 294. 

, Great Northern coal-field, x. 

56. 
Capo Becco, manganese-mine, xxxiv. 145, 

149, 156 ; sections, xxxiv. 158. 

— Rosso, manganese-mine, xxxiv. 145, 
146, 156; plan and sections, 158. 

Captant piston, pump with, xxxviii. abs. 

70. 
Car House colliery, Rotherham, Schiele 

ventilator, xxx. 279. 
Caratal gold-fields, A'enezuela, xxxiv. 

abs. 46. 
Carbo- Devonian strata, xxxvi. 37 ; 

section, 40. 



Carbon, relation to gases in coke burning, 
viii. 115 ct HM/. 

— dioxide, blowers, xxxvii. alw. .'12-34 
72. 

, effects on respiration, ii. 7-10. 

in mines, xxix. 173-174, 175; 

xxxviii. 67-68. 

, outbursts, xxxii. abs. 28. 

used to prevent combustion, xxv. 

108, 116, 112.123 efseq., 178 H fieq. 
Carbon monoxide, xxxviii. abs. 55, 

, as a heat producer, xxiii. 113. 

, effects of, xii. 9 et, xeq. 

— - , experiments on flame, xxvii. 66-70. 

> formation, in furnaces, xix. 67. 

, New Hartley colliery, xi. 150 ; 

xxii. 11-202. 

, test for, xxxviii. abs. 55. 

Carbonaceous matter in altered lime- 
stone, xxvii. 77, 79, 299. 

Carlxjiiate of lime, pure, xxv. 83, 87. 

Carbouato de hierro, siderite, xxxiii, 213, 
214, 216. 

, — , analyses, 215. 

Carbondale, U.S.A., xiii. 29, 31. 

Carboniferous formation, xiv. 17. 

, North of England, correlation of 

coal-seams, xxxvii. 3-25, 123-128 ; plate 
i. 

— -, Scotland, xx. 131-157 ; plate 
xxxvh. 

, Western Liguria, xxxvii. abs. 2. 

— insects, xxxiv. abs. 65. 

— iron-ores, xxxv. 105. 

— limestone, iii. 22 ; x. 53 ; xi. 68-72, 103, 
126-127; XX. 140-144; xxv. 84-85; 
xxviii. 112-115, 125-128; sections, 155, 
2.'1 ; xxxi. 214-217 ; sections, 237 ; 
xxxii. 354 ; xxxiv. 126-127, 135 ; 
sections, 136. 

, coal, xxxiii. 123, 127, 13"i-136. 

, Cumberland, xi. 188. 

, mining, xix. 92-95, 102-111. 

, North Northumberland, ix. 185- 

225. 

— — , — of England, mining, xviii. 
150-151, 163-182; plates xiii. -xliv. 

, outcrop, Midlands, x. 118, 1.38. 

, South Durham and North York- 
shire, xxi. 251-270 ; plates xxxiv. -xli. 
series, Northumberland, xxviii. 3-7. 

— period, xi. 123-124, 131-1,33. 

— rocks, Cumberland and Euniess, 
xxxiv. 125-137; plates xiii. -xviii. 

, India, xxxviii, 78. 

, Nortiiern England, xxvi. 48-52. 

, Nortlunnbria, fossils xii. 207-231. 

— series, classification of, xiv. !) ct ■•<>■<]., 
34-36, 43-45. 

— spiders, xxxiv. abs. 61. 

— strata, xxxi. 212-218. 
, India, xxxii. 150. 

— system, larger divisions, Northumber- 
land, xxv. 225-237 ; plate Ixx ; xxvi. 
48-52. 



84 



tJKNKKAI. INDKX TO TUAVSACTIONS. 



CarliuniU', xxxili. hW.h. 1*4 : xxxvi. iihs. 

•27. 

, uiiitlyiiiH, xxxiii. uIih. {i4. 

, ux|M!riineiitM with, xxxviii alw. '2ii-28, 

'•7. 
CnrboiiizAtioii of oiik, xxxvi. aba I. 
Cnrliuiis for arc lights, xxxiv. 59 00. 
Carlmruttod hytliogen, inlliinunuliility of, 

i. •25«i. 

, light, ix. '20.'2i tt xeii. 

, — , Derby coIlicrit'H, x. \'1'1. 

, - , Soutli StJitTonlshirc, x. 1!»3. 

Carcanacuks, , (luotcil, xxxiii iibs. 1 10. 
Carihrt", xxiii. •j;W2.S7. 

— iiieetiiij;, xxiii. 177. 
Cardium, Kormusii, xxxiv. 82. 
Cakkus Brothkr-s, (juoteil, xxvi. 109. 
Carcii.i., I)avii>, (luotetl, xxv. 124. 
Caruim,, \Vm., tjuotetl, xiii. 112. 
Curiiithiu, g">lil, xxxiv. abs. 62. 

, iniiienvls, xxxv. abs. 16. 
— , tertiary coals, xxxvii. abs. Gl. 
Cariteth coal-seam, .sections, xi. 10."). 
Carl coal-seam, xxviii. 39 ; section, xxviii. 

59. 
Carling, Alsace, sinking, xx. r.t4. 
Carlinhow mines, gunpowder accident, 

xxxiiii. 8. 
Carlo Korle, xxxiv. H5, 148, l.")5. 
Carlowitz coal-seam, section, xxviii. {)4. 
Carlton, v. 203, 
Car.nall, R. von, quoted, ix. 54 ; letter 

from, 83-84. 
Carnot, Ad., (juoted, xxxv. ab.s. 1, 15. 
Carolina, North, coal-field.s,xxxv. aVis 25. 
Cakr, ('has., liuriadon colliery ex[)lo9ion, 

viii. 162-163 
— , quoted, XV.. 297- 

Carr, Wm. Cochran, quoted, xxviii. 86. 
Carr and Parts KR.S, quoted, iii. app. 5. 
Carr Bros. & Co., quoted, xi. 143 etneq. 
Carr disintegrator, xxvii. 199 ; xxviii. 

156, 158 ; xxxviii. 85. 
Carre refrigerators, xxxiii. abs. 88. 
C.VRRKTT, Marshall & Co., coal-ciUfing 

w<o/ij«<.<, xiv. 83, 119 et aeq. 
(Carriage of coal, iv. 284-285 291 ; xxiv. 

9. 
— gyp.sum, xxx. 65. 

ore, ii. 106. 

Carriages, coal-mines, friction, iii. 249- 

260. 
Carrington, T., iiire-tratiiwiiy.'i, xx. 217. 
("arrock Fell copper-mines, xxxiv. 120, 

122. 
Carrola, cavernous regions of, iv. 94. 
Carroll, Philii', quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

50. 
Carroll (Viuntv, copjior deposits, xxxi. 

abs. 40. 
Carr 's coal-seam, xxiv. 17^, 183, 194. 

— crag, section, xxi. 270. 

— cross vein, xviii. 170. 

Carrying capacity of ships, xxxvi. 138. 
Cartage of ore, Bilbao, xxxiii. 220. 



Carting of coal, co.st, iv. I9S, H99. 

Cartmel, xxxi. 229, 2.30. 

Cartritlges, lime, xxxii. 57- 

— , Bufuty, xxxvi. abs. 25. 

— , saml, xxxvii. abs. 7. 

— , water, xxxvi. abs. 25, 45. 

Cartsbog colliery, section, to .Sewing- 
shields, xviii., plate xliii. 

Garvin Collikrv Co., xxvii. 159. 

Carwinlayburn fault, section, xi. 80. 

Coacajo, xxxiv. abs. 47. 

Cascura, copper precipitate, xxxvii. 49. 

Ca.sekour.nk, C. T., (|uoted. xxxviii. 21. 

Casklla anemometers, xxx. 276, 277- 
278 ; xxxviii. 20(). 

Caah, soft black shale, xxxii. 322. 

< assop colliery, xv. 238, 255. 

Cast-iron Iwiiler, Harrison, xvi. 30, 35 
40; plates vi. -viii. ; 43. 

— props, in longwall working, xxi. 6, 
105 et tit//. ; ])late xxvi. 

- - rails, xii 194. 
Caste, Warora pitmen, xxxviii. 116. 
Castel, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 6 ; xxxviii. 

62. 
Castelnau — , DE, quoted, xxxii. abs. 

28 ; xxxvi. abs. 43. 
Caatelnuova, coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 2S. 

-, lignite, xxxvii. abs. .37. 
Castle Eden, coal-measures, vi. 11-12. 

colliery, xv. 239. 

, depths of shafts, xii. 19, 46-47. 

, horses, xxxii. 107, 172. 

, plant, xxxvi. 214. 

— , pumping-engine, xxi. 155, 157- 

, sectioiLs, xiii. 208, 209. 

, sinking, v. 158 ; xi. 12, 13. 

, ventilation, vi. 167 e/ Kcq. 

, — experiments, i. 206-207 : 

xii. 83. 
Castro- Urdiales, shipment of or«;s. 

xxxiii. •J().S.204. 
Catalogue of minerals, xi. ap|). 10-11. 
-proposed, vii. IISO. 
Catalonia, coal-measures, xxxvi. 33-42 ; 

plates ii.-v. 
Catches for cages, safety, xxxvii. abs. 42. 

— for inclines, xxxvii. abs. 30. 
Catchpins on engine beams, xii. 5, 6 et 

leq. 
C.\TEL1N, — DE, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Catrice apparatus for relighting locked 

safety- lam j).s, xxxvii. abs. 54. 
Catscope, xxxiv. 91. 
Caucasus, naptha, xxxvii. abs. 58. 

— , petroleum-industry, xxxiv. abs. 70-71- 
- — , sulphur, xxxiii. abs. 32. 

— , Tkiboulli coal-fiehl, xxxvii.- 89-100 : 

plates xxii. -xxvii. 
Caum, comb or coam, xxxii. 322. 
Causes, affecting northern coal tratle, xii. 

194-196- 

— of boiler explosions, xv. 5-11, 43-47 ; 
xxviii- 2.50 ; xxix. .30, 47, 48 e/ neq. : 
xxxii. 193-197, and plates xxvi. -xxvii. 



VOLCTMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



3r. 



Causes of explosion of Ryhopo air- 

reoeiver, xxxvii. 202-20.'?. 

explosions in mines, xxxi. ab.s. S. 

Causse d'Aveyron, seotion, xxv. 78. 

Cavershain samlstone, xxxv. 202. 

Caves in magnesian limestone, xxxiii. 

171-173. 
Cavities in altered limestone, xxvii. 70- 

77. 
Cawthorne, xxv. 13, 14, 15. 
Caythorpe, Lincolnshire, xxiv, 24, 28. 
— , — , iron ore deposits, xxxv. 119-121. 

— , — , , analysis, xxxv. 120. 

— , — , , general sections, xxxv. 

145. 

— , — , , output, xxxv. 121. 

Cayuela, blue schist, xxxvii. 84. 

Cely ii-on smelting process, xxxiii. abs. 

72 73. 
Celynen colliery, air-crossings, xxxi. 15; 

plate i. 

, Waddle fan, xxxvii. 183. 

, workings, xxxi. plate ix. 

Cement, beds, xxxi. 204. 

— , experiments, ix. 142-143, 144-147. 

— from blast furnace slag, xxxv. abs. 
20. 

— manufacture, xxiv. 82, 83 ; xxx. 64, 
124. 

stones, XX. 133; xxiv. 27; xxv. 82, 
S8 ; xxx. 123-124 ; section 127 ; xxxii. 
52. 

— tubbing, ix. 74, 182. 

— walling, ix. 6S.70, 73-74, 142-149, 173, 
176 et seq. ; sketch facing ix. 73. 

Cements, magnesian, xxxvi. abs. 23. 

— and mortars, permeability, xxxviii. 
abs. 21. 

Cennant Egryn brook, xxxvi. 104. 
Centenary, Stephenson, xxx. 133-134. 
Centennial exhibition, xxv. 101, 145. 

— gold veins, assay, xxxv. abs. 10. 
Central America, coal and iron, xxxv. 

abs. 32. 

— Belgian coal-field, xxxii. abs. 28. 

— Europe, mineral oils, xxxiii. abs. 29. 

— - Northumberland railway, xxxi. 203. 

204. 

— press swing bridge, xxii. 66-67 ; plate 
xvii. ; xxii. 152. 

— Russian coal-field, xxiv. 4-7 ; map, 22. 
Centrifugal blower, experiments, xxxviii. 

abs. 48-49. 

— fans, properties of, xviii. 135-136. 
J , regulator for, xxxv. abs. 72. 

— — , theory, xxxvii. abs. 51-52. 

— pulverizer, Thompson, xxxiii. 107-120 ; 
plate iv. 235-237. 

— ventilating machines, advantages of, 
xxvi. 161-184; plate xxvi.; xxvii. 107 
et xeq. 

Centring, suspended, xxxii. abs. 81. 
Cerberus dyke, xxviii. 21. 
Cerro de Mercado iron-ore, xxxiii. abs. 49. 
Cerussite, xxv. 83. 



Cctate Mare, Transylvania, xxxv. 83. 
Ceylon, proposed wire-tramway, xx. 4 tl 

ner/.; plates ii.-v. viii. x. xi. xx.-xxiii, 
Chabaud Latour pits, Anzin, xxvii. 268, 
CHAnK.\^'u, Ekn., (juoted, xxxv. abs. 3, 

20. 
Chain, counterbalance, xx. 208-21 1 ; plates 

lix.-lx. 
— , endless, xviii. 61-62, 72; xx. 3 nl itq. 
— . — , cost, xviii. 1\ et .vef/. 
— , — , Spain, xxxiii. 187-212; plates xvi.- 

xix. 
— , , system of, xvii. app. i. 54-92, 142- 

144, 153-159, 168, 170 et seq.; plates 

x.-xxxiv. xxxvi. Hi. liii. 

— pumps, X. 120. 

, Bastier, xv. 84-35, 124-127, 135- 

140, 147-155 ; plate xxi. ; xvi. ll.', 133. 

Chains, strength of, vii. 215 ei seq.: xi. 
161. 

Chair-sleepers, Legrand, xvii. 32 ; plate 
iv. 

Chaldron, weight of, xix. 178, 180, 181. 

Chalk, Shank quarry, viii. 149. 

— farm, viii. 68. 

Chalmeton, F., (juoted, xxxii. abs. 16. 
Chalon, p. F., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 28, 

29. 
Chalon KR, Sm Thus., quoted, xxxi. 56. 
Chalyl)eate mine-waters, iv. 271 ; v. 21- 

23. 
Chambers, — , SiltcHtone and Barnnley 

coal-seams, xxv. 20. 
Chambers, A. M., fedtratimt, of inininy 

instiniles, xxxvii, 163, 165, 173, 176. 
— , joint committee on mechanical venti- 
lators, xxxvii. 186. 
Chambers, Robt. , quoted, xxx\'i. 47. 
Chambli, Anatolia, iii. 63. 
Champion, Capt. , quoted, xxvii. 139. 
Chance, Dr., quoted, xxxi. 87-90, 91. 
Chance, H. M., quoted, xxxii. abs. 83; 

xxxv. abs. 25 ; xxxvii. abs. 57. 
Chance patent stone, xxiii. 158. 
Chanda coal-field, xxxvii. 77 et seq. 

xxxviii. 77, 80, 82, 84, 130, 153, 168, 

169. 
Chandler water-gauge, xi. 218. 
Change of character of coal-seams, xxiv 

8. 
Changes, chemical, iv. 279-281. 

— in classification, xxv. 233-234. 

— made in pumping machinerv, iv. 274- 
279. 

— of climate, xiii. 179-182, 183-184. 
densitj' of air in mines, iv. 9 et seq. , 

vii. 115-126, 129-131, 134 et seq. 
level of land, xiii. 182-Is3: xiv. 

2-3, 4, 

temi)erature in airwavs of mines 

iii. 87 rZ .ST7., 352. 
Ciiannel Tunnel, xxxii. 3-23 ; plates 

i.-vi. 55-57 ; xxxiii. abi. 47- 
Chansellk, J., quoted, xxix. 19; xxxiii. 

abs. 85 ; xxxv. abs. 29, 



:u\ 



<;k\kuai. iNur.x to transactions. 



(.'Invpl lUiik o.llury, xxxiv. 111-112. 

— rmiit i'< Nil .scum, xxiv. 193. 
Chu|K-lluwii cuUicries, l.'uppie coke-ovens 

xxii. S'2. 
CllAfEK, — ,quote«I, xxxii. abs. '> ; xxxvi. 

aim. 10, 37. 
C'iiu|iiii. I^kf Superior, iruii-iniiu*. xxxviii. 

iil.s. '2X'2M. 
CiiAi'MAN, W.M., iiuotetl, xii. 30, 37 ; xv. 

'J'23-'2*J4. 
Cmaiman locomotive, viii. 4S. 
Cluinictor of hteiiiiitite tle|>o8it8, xxviii. 

118-137 ; figures, 155. 

igneou.s rocks, xx. 155, 157. 

inhiibitanls, Formosa, xxxiv. 73. 

Nova Scotiaii coals, xxvii. 216 ttxtq. 

strata, iv. 291. 

Welsh people, xxiii. 2.S4. 

work]»eople, Russia, xxiv. 7. 

Characteristic fossils, xi. 68, 71, 76-77, 

SI ; XXV. 62-64, 66, 69. 70, 73-75 ; xxvi. 

75, S2 ; xxviii. 5, 13-17; xxxi. 155- 

156; xxxiii. 76-77; xxxv. 110, 117, 119, 

122, 127, 138, 141, 142. 
Chanicteri.stics of auriferous veins, xxxi. 

156-160. 

uatural jjits, xxiii. 68, 97. 

Charcoal, xiv. 22, 23. 

— , calorific value, xvii. 72. 

— blaot-fuiiiaces. xxxiii. abs. 95. 
, Derbyshire, x. 120-121. 

— iron, production, viii. 126, 127- 

— vein-coal, xxiii. 211. 

Charges on coal, ii. 193-194 ; iii. 66 ; 

iv. 138. 

traffic, viii. 60. 

Chargeur, Belgian coal-mines, xxvii. 177. 
Charging oil-shale retorts, apparatus, xx. 

180-1^2; plate xlix. 
Charleroi, iv. 296, 297, 298. 
— , coal, xxx^ii. abs. 88. 
Chakles, — , quoted, xxxiv. 22, 51. 
Charles pit, Waratah, xxxviii. 13-16; 

plate i. 
Charlestown, earthquake, xxxvii. 56. 
Charlox, — , quoted, xxxviii. 63. 
Charlotte coal-seam, section, xxviii. 59. 
Charlton, — , quoted, x. 125. 
Charlton, Dr., quoted, ii. 97. 
Charoisset, — , quoted, xxxi. abs. 10; 

xxxii. aV)S. 14 ; xxxiii. abs. 83. 
Charred coal, viii. 126-127. 
Charter for Institute, proposed, xxii. 2, 

23. 

— granted to Institute, xxvi. 53. 

— masters, South Staffordshire, x. 191- 
. 192. 

— and bye-laws of Institute, xxvii. pages 
xliii.-lv. 

Charters and grants, xxxiv. 85, 86, 116. 
Chastelain, — , Kind-Chaudron borinij 
ity-tfem, xxi. 19-20. 

— , quoted, xxi. 10 t( seq. 
Chat moss, viii. 59. 
Chatalalsy, Anatolia, iii. 66. 



Chatcrshaugh colliery, xv. 205, 207. 
CiiatliaMi din kyard, boring, xxx. 96. 
Chaltiilv I'olliery, pumping up|)arutu8, 

XV. 38-39. 
Chaiihron, , quoted, xxi. 10 »t .ttq. 
CuACssKLLK, , quoted, xxix. 19. 
CUAVANNE, , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
CuAVATTK, K., (|uoted, xxxii. abs. 51. 
(■havtor,s, - , «|uoleil, iii. app. 3. 
Cheap fuel, xxxvi. 131 132. 

— mining and milling, xxxvii. abs. 75-76. 
Cheapness of food, Transylvania, xxxv. 

89. 
Cheeks of veins, xviii. 166 ; xxviii. 120, 

121, 122. 
Che-Kiang, province of, xv. 68, 69, 70. 
Cheltenham, mineral water-feeders, v. 

158. 
Chemical changes, vii. 95, 101. 

— composition of foods, xxxii. 64-65 tl 
seq. 

— equations, iii. 21; xxxv. 147, 153. 

— reactions, xxxi. 231-232. 

— temperament of mines, xxxii. abs. 25. 
Cherra I'oonjee, coal, xxxviii. 158. 
Chert, XXV. 82, 87 ; xxxvii. 96, 147. 
Cheshire, coal, x. 66. 

Chesneau, — , Cureher lock for saftty- 

lamps, xxxvi. 53. 
— , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 68. 
Chester and Holyhead railway, viii. 74 

— Basin, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 163. 

— County, U.S.A., xxxi. abs. 43. 
Chester-le-Street boring, section, xiii. 76. 
Chesterfield canal, x. 121, 123. 

— County, Virginia, xxxiii. abs. 64. 
Chesterheld and Derhyshibe In- 
stitute, xxxvii. 157 tt seq. 

— , coal-dust explosions, xxix. 19-20. 
Chesterwood, xiii. 113. 

— black band, xxxvii. 12. 
Chestnut coal. xiii. 28. 
Chevallier, Prok., quoted, ix. 86-87, 

88. 
Chevallier, Temple, letters, vi. 201- 

202. 
Cheviot Hills, section, xi. 118; xiii. 43, 

44 ; XXV. 51-52, 55, 2.32, 23:^, 235, 237 ; 

xxx. 121, 122, 124-126 ; section, 127. 
Che\Ton, manganese-ore, analyses, xxxvi. 

114. 
— , , deposit, xxxvi. 105, 112. 

— , rhodochroisite, xxxiv. abs. 37. 
Chief iron-ore horizons, xxv. 60-61. 
Chiegnecto colliery, xix. 117-118, 121. 
Chile, copper, xxxii. abs. 51. 

— , natural ferric sulphates, xxxviii. 

abs. 2. 
Chilton colliery. Root ventilator, xxvi. 

171, 172 ; xxvii. 101 ; xxx. 284. 
Chimney, boiler, xxix. 94 ; plate x. 
— , damaged by lightning, xxxvi. 47, 48. 
— , Marsden, xxxiii. 170. 

— corner, Cape Breton, xix. 138-139 ; 
xxiv. 181. 



voijiMics I. TO xxxvni. 



Chimney with (xuihal fan, xiv. 77 ; xvi. 

18 e,t seq. ; xix. 2. 
(Jhiinneys, v. 50. 
China, ooal-inining, xv. 1, 67-74 ; jdaU; 

xiv. 
— , coal production, xxxvii. abs. 78. 
— , Formosa, coal- fiehls, xxxiv. 67-79, 190. 
— , iron and coal, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
— , Northern, coal-mining, xxxvii. abs. 

23-24. 

— band coal-seam, xxxiii. 122, 123, 124, 
139. 

— clay, XXX. 124. 

Chinese brick or eartli furnace, xxxvi. 
abs. 5. 

— coals, xxxvii. abs. 17-18. 

— gold mine, Borneo, xxxii. abs. 2-3. 

— ignorance, xxxiv. 73-74. 

— iron-ore, analysis, xxxiii. abs. 27. 

— method of working coal, xv. 178. 

— system of boring, ii. 58. 
Chirm coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 

Chloritic schist, xxxvi. 107-109, 111-113 ; 

diagrams, xxxvi. 118. 
Chocks, XXX. 20. 

— in pillar working, ix. 27, 29. 
Choffat, Paul, quoted, xxxv. abs. 30. 
Choi coals, xxxiv. abs. 18. 
Choke-damp, counteraction of, ii. 35-46, 

97 et seq. 
, Hartley colliery, deaths from, xii. 

14. 

, means of penetrating, ii. 7, 87, 99. 

, South Statfordsliire, x. 193, 194. 

indicator, Ansell, xv. 165. 

Choppington colliery, plant, xxxvi. 205. 
Chopwell boring, xxv. 23. 

— colliery, ii. 271, 273 ; xv. 212. 
Choushazar, Anatolia, iii. 64, 
Chromite, Andaman Isles, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Chromium, New Caledonia, xxxvii. abs. 

68. 
Chronicles and records, northern coal 

trade, xv. 175-281 ; xvi. 5-6. 
Chronology, xi. 163-166. 
Chubb, C. J., quoted, xix. 11, 62. 
Church, A. H., quoted, xxxvi. 115. 
Church, Jabez, improvements in coke- 
manufacture, ix. 45-47, 50-51. 
— , quoted, ix. 9, 11, 41. 
Cilli, Styria, iv. 64, 66, 76, 83-85 ; map, 

106 ; xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Cinder coal, iii. 21 ; xii. 200. 
Cinderhill colliery, Nottinghamshii'e, 

endless-rope, xvi. 105 ; xvii. app. i. 

114-116; plates xlvi-xlvii. 
, — , winning and working, x. 149- 

159 ; plan of workings, facing, 153. 
Cinder-ovens, xxiv. 105-111. 
Ciply, phosphate-tlcposits, xxxiii. abs. 18. 
Circassian coal-seams, xxiv. 151. 
Circular buddies, xxvii. 20; plate 22. 

— coke-ovens, viii. 114 et .svy/. ; ix. 6. 

— seams in boilers, xx. 59 et -seq. 



Circulation in cylindrical boiler.s, metliod 
of increasing, xx. 125-126 ; plate 
xxxv A. 

- in marine boilers, want of, xxiv. 1 19. 

— of air in mines, iii. 1 14-147. 
Circumferentor, use of, xx. 23 et se.q., 86 

e.t seq. ,111. 
Civil engineers, iv. 36 ; xxi. 244. 

— service examinations, xxiv. 40. 
Civilly, ironstone, x. 120. 
Clackmannan, colliery tire, xxv. 122. 
Clacks in pumping-engine, moile of 

changing, i. 216. 
Clamens, — , quoted, xxxi. abs. 9. 
Clandown, section, xxvii. 97. 
Clannv, Dr., quoted, viii. 42; xv. 238. 
— , safety-lamp, i. 30S, 315; ii. 52 rf 

■tt-q. ; X. 18-19; xxx. 153; xxxiv. 

165, 16t)-167 ; xxxv. 32 ; xxxviii. 37. 
— , — — , experiments, xv. 101, 102, 222 ; 

xvii. 2, 3, 18-19, .39; xxiii. 16 et .swy. 
Clapham, R. C, analysis of iron tubbing, 

xi. 20. 
— , boiling stones in tar, xi. 25. 
— , British Association, letter, xii. 69-70. 
— , loan of Lit. and Phil, rooms, xv. 

164. 
—, minerals and salts found in coal-pits, 

xiii. 219-226. 
— , technical education, xvii. 101-102. 
Clapham and Daglish, quoted, xii. 200, 

204-207. 
Clapton, boring, xxx. 94. 
Clarence and Hartlepool Junction rail- 

way, XV. 237- 

— iron works, v. 213. 
Clarenthal anticlinal, xxviii. 23. 
Claridge and Roper, desulphurization 

of coke, ix. 41-43 ; figures of coke-oven, 

facing 42. 
Clark, — , Butcher mechanical stoker, 

xxvii. 211. 
— , quoted, iii. app. 2. 
Clark, D. K., quoted, xxxii. 7. 
Clark, Geo., mechanical elFect of blown- 
out shots on ventilation, xxv. 239-248 ; 

plates Ixxi.lxxiv.; xxvi. 101-107. 
Clark, Prof., quoted, xviii. 116. 
Cl.\rk, Wm., Lambton pumpimj -engine, 

xxi. 95. 
Cl-A-RKe, C. F., quoted, xxxvii. 70. 
Clarke, Sir Jno., quoted, xxxiv. 104, 
Clarke, Rev. W. B., quoted, vi. 34. 
Clark's coal-seam, xxiv. 196, 197. 
Classification of carbonifei'ous strata, xiv. 

9et seq., 34-36, 43-45. 

— — French secondary strata, xxv. 59, 
73-75. 

Hiielva ores, xxxvii. 39-40. 

mine waters, iv. 271-272. 

• New Zealand coals, xxxv. 176-177. 

ore-deposits, xxxiv. abs. 66. 

seams, iv. 291. 

Classifiers, xxvii. 20 : plate 22. 
Claughton, Geo., quototi, xxxviii. 189. 



38 



(JKNEllAL INDFX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



(?liuiHth»l mining iiidustru-s, xxxiv. uhs. 

Chixlty, LiiK'uliishiir, xxiv. '24, W. 

— ) * I gwologioal niup, xxxv. I4r» ; sue- 

tiouH, 145. 

, iron-oro, aimly«i«, xxxv. 14.S. 

, , ilcp«)»itH, xxxv. 141-143. 

— , , (iiitpiit, xxw. 14.*^. 

Clay, Herry, aiiulysiH, xxxvii. iih.s. l.S. 

• -, tin*' iiiKl tire, iiiiinial pnului'tioii, xxi. 

17«. IS.-), 195. 
— , stiinniing cx|MMiim'iits, xxxiv. 227 et 

Httj., S05 it xeq. 

— coiil-Bcuin, V. 234. 

— Croft, thick c<iul, x. 195. 

— CJiosa, X. 123, 124. 
coUifiy, viii. 72-73. 

, Ciilow (li.sconiitjctiiig iiook, xix. 

app. i. 14. 

, — aafety-eiige, xix. app. i. 8. 

, Guibal fan, xxvi. 167; xxvii. 

107. 

, steam-brake, xix. aj)p. i. 17- 

^, Villepiguc jHM-forator, xx. 68. 

works, uxpausivf piunpiug-cngiiies, 

xxiii. 3, 6, 12 ; plate v. 
Clay-iidnstone, xxv. 83, 88 ; xxvi. 80, 86 ; 

xxviii. 22 ; sections, 65. 
Clay-slates, Italy, xxxvii. abs. 11. 
Clays, xxv. 82, 88-89; xxx. 108, 111, 

124, sections, 113. 
Clayton, .Ino., nuoted, xxxvi. 125-126. 
Clayton, Nathaniel, quoted, xv. 215. 
Cleadon waterworks, xi. 15. 
Cleaning coal, wind method, xxxi. 245- 

248 ; plates li.-li\'. 

— maciiine for safety-lamps, xxxvii. 121- 
122 ; plate xxix. 

Clearing a mine of fire-damp, xxxvii. ahs. 
69. 

Cleator, xxviii. 131. 

— , hsematite mines, explosions, xxxviii. 
70. 

Cleator Iron Co., xxviii. 131, 135. 

Cleator moor, viii. 153; xxxi. 218, 235; 
sections, 237 ; sections, xxxii. 323-324, 
356; xxxiii. 123. 124, 146. 

ironworks, xiii. 123, 146. 

Cl>EGG, — , quoted, ii. 222. 

Cleggswood colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 
19 et .seq., and plates i.-ii. 

Clementsport, Nova 8cotia, xiv. 20-21, 22 ; 
xxvi. 73, 74. 

Clench, J., quoted, xxiv. 30. 

Clennell, Wm., Hetton colliery explo- 
sion, ix. 113. 

Clermont, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 43 ; 
xxxvii. abs. 72. 

Cleveland, Duke of, patron of insti- 
tute, xvii. 55. 

Cleveland, blasting, xxxiii. 7-9. 

— , carriage of ore, ii. 106, 114. 

— , gas evolved from rocks, xxv. 105, 
124 ; xxxviii. 71. 

— , general sections, xxxv. 113, 145. 



Cleveland, iron-mines and ininiug, v. 

165 ; geological map, 174. 

, ironstone, iii. 24 ; iv. 59 ; v. 165 ; vi. 

lU ; XV. 244, 245. 

, — , aiialvBis, iii. 24. 
-, ironworks, v. 213. 
— , percentage of iron in ore, xxxii. 47. 
— , pillar working, viii. 87-96, 175-177- 
— , Steavenson hydraidic drill, xxxviii. 

36. 
— , steel 8nppf)rt8 for main roads, xxxvii. 

221-244 ; jdates l.-li. 
— , un<lergro(md conveyance, xvi. 92-94, 

95-100,125*/ .S7Y/. 
— , visit to, xxx. 269. 

— horses, xxxii. 173. 

— main seam, xiii. 127-129; xix. 195; 
xxxv. 114, 115, 118, 119, 125, 145; 
section, 145. 

, analysis, xxxii. 47, 49 ; xxxv. 

118. 
, output, xxxv. 1 19. 

meeting, xxxi. 1. 

— top seam, xiii. 128-129, 143-144; 
xxxii. 45, 48; xxxv. 124, 125. 

Cliflf mines, Saltburn, ('alow safety-cage, 
xix. app. i. 8. 

— Range, escarpment, xxiv. 27, 29, 30. 
Clifton, coal-seams at. xv. 14. 

— , Cumberland, xxxiii. 122, 124, 125, 
128, 138. 
, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 76. 

— collieries, xxxiv. 104-105. 

— Hall colliery, endless-chain, xvii. 
app. i. 89-92 ; plate xxxvii. 

, modified longwall, xvi. 47-58, 

110 ; plate x. 

, safety-cage, xv. 19, 30. 

, spiral drum, xx. 212 ; plate Ixi. 

, winding-engine, xv. 24-26 ; 

plates iii.-vii. 

— Moss colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 
22, 23. 

Climatal change, xiii. 183-184. 
Climate, in geological time, xiv. 4, 5. 
— , San Pietro, xxxiv. 145. 
Climatic conditions, Zwickau collieries, 

xxii. abs. 41-42. 
Clinton coal-seam, xiii. 38. 
Clints limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 125, 

128, 130, 134; sections, 155; xxxiv. 

126, 129; sections, 136. 
Clip-pulleys, xvi. 92 et .seq., 95 et seq., 

105, 125-127 ; model, 133; plates xvii. 

xix. xxi. xxii. 

, Sliireoaks, xvii. app. i. 98. - 

Clips, rope-haulage, xxviii. 243 et seq.; 

xxix. 72 et neq. 
Clisiophyllum turbioratum, drawing, ix. 

189. 
Cliviger colliery, endless-chain, x v. 92,93. 

, main levels arched, xviii. 72. 

Clockwork electric- lamps, xxxiv. 26-28, 

and ])late vii. 
Clod coal-seam, x. 119, 120. 



J 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



89 



Closeburn, borings, viii. 156, 157. 
Close-burning coal, vi. 76-77. 
Closehead, xxviii. 4-5. 
Close-tcjpped tubbing, -xi. 9-17 ; -xii. 19-25, 

43, 46-47. 
Closed axle-boxes, xxxi. abs. 37. 
( lump, Cleveland, xxxv. 116. 
Clutch electric-lamps, xxxiv. 30 tl .seq. 
Clutches, for attaching tubs, xxviii. 243 

ttscq.; xxix. 72-73. 
Clutha, New Zealand, coal-tield, xxxv. 

204-208. 
Clyde colliery, xix. 144. 

— mines, xxiv. 203-204. 

Coal, abnormal structure, xxxv. abs. 57. 

— , Alabama, xxxiii. abs. 65. 

— , Alais, xxxv. abs. 31. 

— , Alaska, cannel, xxxviii. abs. 19. 

— , analyses, xxvi. 39, 40. 

— , — , Canada, xxvii. 213-241. 

— , — , India, xxxi. abs. 47. 

— , — , Newfoundland, xviii. 24-27 ; xxiii. 

173. 
— , — , New Zealand, xxxii. abs. 84. 
— , — , Port Natal, xvii. 80. 
— , annual production, xxi. 168, i 78, 188. 
— , anthiacite, North America, xiii. 25-40. 
— , — , weight, etc., xxxviii. abs. 67. 
— , Anzin, varieties, xx^ni. 266. 

— , apparatus for saving breakage, xxv. 
261-26-' ; plate Ixxvii. 

— , Arizona, xxxv. abs. 41. 

— , Australia, xxxvii. 14", 146, 149. 

— , Austria, boulders in, xxxv. abs. 23. 

— , Bavaria, xxxv. abs. 15. 

— , Bulgaria, xxxiii. abs. 20. 

— , calorific values, iv. 283; v.lO ; xvii. 72. 

— , Canada, composition, etc., xxvii. 213- 

241. 
— , Carinthia, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
— , Central America, xxxv. abs. 32. 
— , Lhina, xxxiii. abs. 27- 
— , — , Kaiping, xxxvii. abs. 5. 
— , — , notes on, xxxvii. abs. 17. 
— , comparative values, xxxviii. 161. 
— , Dalmatia, xxxiii. abs. 34. 
— , East Africa, xxxiii. abs. 109. 
— , exhaustion of, xxx%-i. 143. 
— , faulting of, xxxviii. 49, 5S. 
— , formation of, xxxv. abs. 33. 
— , France, distribution, vi. 87, 88. 
— , — , heating power, xxxvii. abs. 87, 8S. 
— , — , imports and exports, xxvii. 151. 
— , gaseous products, viii. 115. 
— , gases enclosed in, xxxvii. 245-247, 

257-258. 
— , — produced by comVnistion, xxxi. 191. 
— , Great Britain and Ireland, dm-ation, 

xxxii. 135-148, 213. 
— , heat of combustion, xxxvi. abs. 26. 
— , Illinois, xxxv. abs. 32. 
— , India, consumption and supply, 

xxxviii. 157, plate iv. hit. 

— , — , distribution, xxxviii. 161, plate 
iv. his. 



Coal, India, Khasia liills, xxxiii. aba. 31. 

— , Kistna, xxxiii. aVjs. .'{0. 

— , prices, xxxviii. 160, 169. 

— , — of English, xxxviii. 160. 

Indo-Cliina, xxxiii. abs. 21. 

Istria, xxxiii. abs. 34. 

Italy, xxxiii. abs. 27. 

Kanawha, xxxiii. abs. 23. 

Madagascar, xxxviii. abs. 69. 

Massachusetts, metamorpbic deposit, 
xxxv. al)s. 40. 

Nebraska, xxxv. abs. 40. 

new and improved method of screen- 
ing and loading, xxi. 295-298. 

Newfoundland, analysis, xviii. 24. 27- 

Northumberland and Durham, upper 
and lower beds, xi. 101-138. 

Nova Scotia, specimens presented, 
xvi. 3. 

origin and formation, xi. 163 ; xii. 
31-34 ; xxxiii. abs. 19, 81 ; xxxvii. abs. 
47-48, 89. 

pebbles in, xxxvi. abs. 8. 

phosphorus in, xxxv. abs. 15. 

Port Natal, specimen presented, xvii. 
78, 80. 

pressure of gas in, xxx. 163-260; 
xxxii. 123-132. 

pyrites in, xxx\"ii. abs. 74-75 ; xxxviii. 
abs. 71. 

quality of, ii. 254. 

Rosedale Abbey district, xxxii. 52. 

Roumelia, iii. 61. 

round and small, v. 10-12. 

sections, ii. 240-243, 246, 247- 

Ser\aa, xxxviii. abs. 64. 

spontaneous combustion, xxv. 107-140, 

78-188; plate xlii. 1. 

, underground, x. 139, 161-165, 

167-182, 192-193, 197. 

Styria, mammalian remains, xxxvii. 
abs. 61. 

substitutes for, xxx\i. 144. 

Tennessee, xxxv. abs. 8. 

Trinidad, xxxiii. abs. 20. 

imder London, xxxiii. abs. 27. 

— sea, x\-iii. 23. 

iindergromid conveyance, x. 25-35, 
J7-39, 145, 1.57-159; x\i. 49-50, 53-56, 
88-91 ; plates xii. -xiii. 

used for iron manufacture, xiii. 110- 

11. 

varieties suitable for coking purposes, 
xxii. 82-84. 

vegetable origin, xxxvii. abs. 89-93. 

wrought by the Romans, xii. 161. 
— and bitumen-deposits, Trinidad, xxxii. 
abs. 55. 

coke, Rive de Cier, prices, xxxv 

abs. 28. 

, St. Etienne, xxxvi. abs. 31. 

, , prices, xxxii. abs. 12. 

iron production, U.S.A., iv. 1251.>8. 

lignite, analvses, xxxiii. abs. 31, 

51, 52. I OS. 



40 



OENEKAI. IMIKX TO TH A NSACTIONS. 



C<»al anil ineUiUiferouM miiu'.s mts, xxxii. 

oil |ir<Mliicf of Aiiuricii, xxv. 101, 
14.'»-17.'»: pUao« xliii. xlix. : xxvi. 11, 
•J«.H1. 

— umIics, umilyiH's, xxvii. '-"JO, •J"J4, '2'2i>, 
•233. 

, bricks, xxxiv. uLb. 71- 

lM.'Krin^,' bwU, Northirn HarU, xxxiii. 
u.\m. 17. 

brcikkiiig niachiiu', Jones and Hifhler, 
xix.ll-l4,lM» '.»H ; pliitcHiv., xxiii.-xxiv. 

— cargota, stiitistics of casualties, xxv. 
134.l:»G. 

— cleaning, apiMiratUH, xxxi. abs. \\V2; 
xxxii. abs. 44-4"). 

, dry, or wind method, xxxi. 245- 

24« ; platfs li.-liv. ; xxxvii. abs. 45. 
, Lens, xxvi. 139. 

— consumption, x. 1-3, 1*27. 
, France, vi. 65. 

, Northern France, xxvii. 1G6. 

— — , pumping-eugines, xxi. 127, 140- 
145. 

CoAi, Crkkk Coal Co., xxxv. 195. 
Coal-crusher-cleaner, Sottiaux, xxxvi. 

abs. 4."). 
Coal-crusliing machine, xiii. 27, 33. 
Coal-culting Committee, grant to, xvi. 1. 

— — machines, ii. 100; iii. app. 12; 
V. 7 ; X. 12 ; xii. 48-50, 183, 214 ; xiv. 
83-89, 105, 115e^^•e7., 135; plate Ixxii.; 
XV. 285. -i.^O ; xix. 46-47 ; xxii. 45 ; 
xxiii. 221-222; xxv. 196-197; xxvii. 
52 ; xxxi. 141 ; xxxviii. 32-34. 

_. , Davies, xix. 59-62 ; plates 

xi.-xiv. 
_ — — , Donesthorpe, Firth and 

Ridley, xii. 63-67, 78 ; diagram 

facing 64. 

, electric, xxxviii. abs. 6-7, 67-68. 

, patents for, xvii. 34-35. 

, Higg '^n^l Meiklejohn, xxviii. 

75-81, 165, 188-194; plate xv. 
, Waring, ii. 67-69, 70, 84, 100, 

102. 
, Watson and Dixon, xii. 49. 

— districts, northern, ii. 261-271- 

— drying apparatus, xxvii. 256-257- 

— dust, xxviii. 203, 206-207 ; xxxi. 27, 
145, 147, 149, abs. 7 ; xxxvii. 245-259 ; 
plate Iii. 

, favouring colliery explosions, xxv. 

244-245, 247. 
, experiments with, xx\aii. 85-103, 

156-166 ; plates xvi. -xvii. ; xxxiv. 

199-254, 297-308 ; plate xxxviii. ; 

xxxvii. 208-212, 249-253, abs. 50; 

xxxviii. 36. 

— , explosibihty, xxvi. 103 tt neq. 
^ ignition, xxxvi. abs. 13-15. 

. ^ record of explosions, xxviii. 97-98. 

and gas explosions, experimental, 

xxxvii. abs. 80-85. 
hellholfite, xxxvii. abs. 50. 



(!oal dust explosions, xxix. 17-21; xxxi. 
127-128 ; xxxiv. ubs. 78; xxxv. 241. 

— -- — , by dynamite, xxxv. abs. 54- 
56. 

— — , Kreiizgriibeii colliery, xxxvii. 
ubs. 79. 

— duty commission, xxxi. abs. 15-16. 

— engines, iv. 289, 292, 295, 296. 

— exchange, museum, iii. 371, 373. 
famines, xv. 188, 193-194,220. 

Coal-Helds, iv. 131-1.33. 

, Alal)ama, xxxiv. abs. 23. 

, Aubin, xxxii. abs. 53 ; xxxiii. abs. 

20. 

— -, Belgium, xxxii. abs. 28. 

, — , natural pits, xxiii. 67-80, 95 

106. 

, Blanzy, vi. 88. 

, Bristol, xxvii. 87-97 ; plates vi.-ix. 

, — , northern end, x. 97-104, 113. 

, Catalonia, xxxvi. abs. 61. 

, Caucasus, xxxvii. 89-103 ; plates 

xxii. -xxvii. 

, China, Formosa, xxxiv. 67-79, 190. 

, Creusot, vi. 88. 

, Cumberland, viii. 141-16(», 179, 

181, 196 ; xxxii. 319 ; xxxiii. 121. 
, — , probal)le extension under new 

red sandstone, xiii. 87-89, 16o, 202,203. 

, Dutch, Limburgh, xxvi. 15-25. 

, East Somerset, ii. 251-259 ; iii. 28. 

, ■ and Gloucestershire section, 

ii. 253. 

— — , Flintshire, cannel coal-seam, xix. 
75-83. 

, — and Denbighshire, xxv. 81, 86- 

89, 91-94, 96, 100. 

, France, vi. 73. 

, — , Auzits, xxxvii. abs. 4. 

, — , Gard, xxxii. 11. 

, Germunj-, xxxv. abs. 30. 

, Great Britain and Ireland, dura- 
tion, xxxii. 135. 

— , — Northern, boundaries, ii. 10 :- 
106, 186-188 ; map, 102. 

, , extent and probable dura- 
tion, ii. 103-230. 

, , geological description, xii. 

153-158. 

, , rivers, ports and harbours, 

x. 41-82. . 

, India, xxxvii. abs. 49 ; xxxviii. 

77-169. 

, — , Daltonganj, xxxii. 149. 

, — , Kurhurballee, xxx. 3-26. 

— . — , — , Langrin, xxxiv. abs. 16. 

, — , Raigarh-Hingir, xxxiv. abs. 15. 

, — , Umaria, xxxiii. abs. 31 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 16. 
, Italy, xxxvii. abs. 37. 

— — , Lancashire, xxxiii. abs. 100, 107. 

, — , leading features, xv. 13-17. 

, Loire, vi. 8v. 

, Mexico, xxxii. abs. 84. 

, Mure, xxxii. abs. 29. 



A 



VOLTJBtES I. TO XXXVITI. 



41 



Coal-fields, NewoaKtle, geology, xxxiii. 

lilts. 14. 
— , Nortli America, aiilhiaoite region, 

xiii. 25-40, 99-lO.S, l.")?, 1(5-'- KUi. '202. 

, — Carolina, xxxv. abs. 25. 

, — Stallbrdsliire, ii. 235-248 ; map 

234. 
, Northetu France, xxvii. 143-169; 

plates xviii.-Jtxi. ; xxxiv. abs. 26. 
, Northumberland and Durham, 

upper and lower beds, xi. 101-138. 

— — , JSlova Scotia, xix. 113-168 ; maps 
and sections, xxv.-xxx.; xxvi. plate viii. 

— — , Pennsylvania, xxxii. al)S. 83 ; 
xxxiv. abs. 21. 

, Pictou, xxii. 139-149 ; map, xxxiii.; 

plans, plates xxxiv., xxxv. 

, Portugal, xxxv. abs. 30. 

, Russia, xxiv. 3-22 ; plates i.-vii. ; 

xxxvii. abs. 93. 

— — , Saarbrucken, xxviii. 9-64. 
, Silesia, xxxvii. abs. 3. 

, Soekaboomi, xxxii. abs. 2 ; xxxiii. 

abs. 13. 

, South of France, xxxiv. abs. 24. 

, Mendip, x. 113, 114. 

, - Wales, vi. 22-25, 27-48 ; xxiii. 

197-256; plates xlii.-xlvi. 
, Spain, xxxiv. abs. 36 ; xxxviii. 

abs. 55. 

, — , Seo de Urgel, xxxiii. abs. 35. 

, Styria, Fohnsdorf, xxxviii. abs. 50. 

, Sweden, xxxv. abs. 32. 

— — , Sydney, xxiv. 191-216 ; plates 
xxxv., xxxvi. 

, Turkey, Hi. 54, 61-73, 124. 

, Valenciennes, vi. 88. 

— , Warwickshire, xxxiii. 151. 

— — , Westphalia, xxxiii. abs. 106 ; 
xxxviii. abs. 3. 

, Yorkshire, xxv. 13-20. 

— fitting, xxiii. 235. 
Coal-formations, AUier, xxxvi. abs. 10. 

— — , plants, xxxvi. abs. 9. 

— — , relative ages, viii. 107, 185-198. 
Coal-gas, analysis, viii. 115. 

, examination of, xxii. 25, 28, 1-9, 

136 ; xxv. 41-43. 

— — , explosions, France, xxxiii. aljs. 
68. 

, safety-lamp experiments, xxxv. 

23-24, 27-28, 31-32, 3+-35 et seq. 
as a heat-producer, xxiii. 47-63 ; 

plates xv.-xvii. 
Coal-getter, mechanical, Haswell colliery, 

xxxiii. 37-59 ; plate i. 
C'oal-gettiug, effect of working over or 

underlying seams, iv. 141-146; v. 15-17, 

18. 
, patents for, xvii. app. ii. 48-60 ; 

plates vii.-viii. ; xviii. app. 21-30; 

xix. app. iii. 51-54; xx. app. ii. 16-19; 

xxi. app. ii. 15-17 ; xxii. app. ii. 21-24 ; 

xxiii. app. ii. 18-19 ; xxiv. app. ii. 

21-22 ; xxv. app. ii. 21-22. 



Coal-getting, thin seams, iv. 193-201. 

— - by compre.ssed-air machines, xxi. 
79-80, 81. 

lime, xxxiii. 13-18, 5960. 

— — machines, Hunl and Simpson, 
xxiii. 107-108; plates xxviii. -xxx. 

— , Crafton Jones, xix. 86, 239, 

243 ; plates xliv.-xlvi. 
, wedging and nicking machine, 

xxxiv. 193-198 ; plate xxxvii. ; xxxv. 

97-101. 

— groups, xxiv. 73. 

— heading-machine, Stanley, xxxviii. 
158. 

— measure fish, new, xxxvii. abs. 86. 

insects, xxxiv. abs. 17, 61, 65. 

ironstone, xiii. 1)0-113. 

moUusca, vi. 34-35 ; plate iv. 

plants, vi. 33, 34 ; plate iii. ; xiii. 

26, 163-165 ; xxvii. 145 ; xxxiii. abs. 

17, 81 ; xxxvi. abs. 9, 10, 34, 35. 

— — shales, xiii. 220-221. 

— measures, vi. 1 1-12 ; xi. 72-78 ; xii. 
153-155, 157 ; xiii. 18, 21, 44, 93, 94, 
101-103, 202, 203 ; xiv. 28, 29, 30, 31, 
32, 33, 34; xv. 14, 15; xx. 145-146; 
xxiii. 172-176, 207-211 ; xxv. 85-87, 
94, 227; xxviii. 16-25, 115-117; sections, 
65, Ih;, 117, 155 ; xxxiv. 131-135; 
sections, 136; xxxvii. 3, 4, 6, 7, 127, 
128. 

— — , Anjou, xxxv. abs. 24. 

, Australia, ii. 232. 

, Belgium, xxxi. abs. 43. 

, — , extension, xxxiv. abs. 68. 

, Catalonia, xxxvi. 33-42, 86, 117- 

120 ; plates ii.-v. 
, minerals found in, xii. 204-207- 

— — , Newfoundlaml, xxxiii. 167-176. 
, Seaton Carew boring, xxxviii. 23 

et seq. 
, South of France, mineral spring. 

xxxii. abs. 4. 

, Styria, iv. 55-106. 

and lower carboniferous. Western 

Newfoundland, xxiii. 167-176; plate 

xxxv. 

— mine, Newcastle exhibition, xxxvi. 
222-223. 

Coal-mines, Belinez, xxxiii. abs. 36. 

, loss of life, xxxv. 71-78, 101. 

, minerals and salt, found in, xiii. 

219-226. 
-^ --, rating, xiv. 92, 93-95, 102-103, 

135; xxiii. 117-133, 137-141, 145-152, 

153-158. 
— , ventilation and gases, and working 

of pillars, i. 239. 
and ironworks, Besseges, France, 

v. 27-42. 

— mining, etc., xii. 149-218 ; xiii. 42. 
, Belgium, xxxv. abs. 4. 

, benzine lamps in, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

, China, xv. 1, 67-74; plate xiv.; 

xxxvii. abs. 23. 



4i» 



(JF.VKUAI. INDKX TO TllANSArTIOVS. 



CoHlininiii);, t'liiiilH-iliiiul mul North 
I^uictuthirt-, xxxiv. 99 Iir>. 

, Lower Silfsiik, xxxviii. ;il>.s. 17-l^i. 

— , Nuw Zcitlaiiil, XXXV. l7"">'^-0; 
plaU-it xxiv.-xxvi. 

— , Nortliirn KoriiioMii, xxmv. ()7-79, 
190; pliiU- xii. 

, pro^rfwt, Derhvsliirc ami Nottiiig- 

ImiiiHhire, x. 117-1-7, i'^l «' •"'/. 

— — , »tati«tics, <Jri'iil Britiiiii, xxxii. 
upp. ii. I -'25. 

— , VViuoni, xxxviii. 77-170 ; platoa 
iv.-iv. l>is. 

Coal-iHMlulis, New iSout'i Walt-.s, xxxvii. 
14;') ir>0 ; plates xxxiii.-xxxvi. 

— uutput, iv. r)G, 57, HS, 87. 
, India, xxxii. abs. 3. 

— owners, iv. 96-97. 

, report as to mining college, iv. 27. 

meeting, iv. '26. 

Coal-pit Heatli collieries, x. 99. 

oolliery, New Zealand, xxxv. 193. 

— pit.s, minerals and salts, xiii. '219-'2'26. 

— prmlucing districts of continent, mining 
in, xxvii. 171-'20l ; jtlates xxii.-xxv. 

— production, v. 1'2-I3; xiv. 17; xxiii. 
199, '201 ; XXV. 95, 96 ; xxviii. '29 ; xxx. 
15. 

, America, xxxii. abs. 33. 

, Aniche, xxvii. 17'2. 

, Anzin, xxvii. 174. 

— — , Belgium and France, iv. '287-305. 
, Bohemia, xxvii. 19'2. 

— — , Cumberland and North Lancashire, 
xxxiv. 10-2, 103, 105. 106, lOS, 114. 

, Mariemoiit, xxvii. 182. 

, Northumberland and Durham, xii. 

198. 

, Produits mines, xxvii. 176. 

, Prussia, xxxii. abs. "26. 

, Saarbriicken, xxvii. 18.i. 

, Silesia, xxvii. 19u. 

— -, South Staffordshire, x. 194. 
, statistics, xix. app. i. 19. 

, United King lorn, xxxii. app. 13. 

, Westphalia, xxvii. 194. 

and consumption, France, vi. 49-1 1 .'. 

of the world, xxxvii. abs. 78. 

— raising, great depths, Blanchet system, 
xxiii. 81-89, 90, 9-2. 

, patents, xvii. 54, app. ii. 6. 

— screen, Briart, xxvii. 181-182, 194. 
, Hick, xxi. -295-298; plates xlvii.- 

xlviii. 
, Schmitt, xxviii. 183-188, 208-209. 

— screening, apparatus for preventing 
breakage, xxv. '261-262 ; plate Ixxvii. 

, Reumaux method, xxvi. 139-142, 

and plate xxi. 
, spiral-sieve, xxxvii. abs. 18-19. 

— seams, ii. '252-'253, 255 ; section, iii. 
61, description, 63-66; iv. 76, 78-81; 
section, 106; v. '28, '29, 31, 216-217; 
sections, 119, 218 ; ix. 203-207 ; xi. 68, 
70-74 ; xxi. '256, 257 ; xxiv. 74-77, 140. 



I — 



Coal seams, cariionifcions, North of 
Knglancl, corridation, xxxvii. 3-'25, 
1'23.|'28 ; plate i. 

— , ellect produced by working away, 
over or nmlerlying seams, iv. 141-146. 

— — , Lancashiie, xv. 14 ; table, facing 
14. 

, thickness, xiii. '2t), .'13, 'M, 35, 40. 

, Tyne low main, peculiarities, viii. 

23-3 1, '97 -107. 

— staiths. XV. 179, 184 ; xxxii. abs. 81, 82. 

— statistics, xxxii. abs. 31, app. 1. 

— syndicate, xv. 199, '244. 
Coal-tar, ovens for making, viii. 112. 

— — , preservation of timber, xii. 37. 

jinnlucts, xxxv. '238. 

Coal-testing experiments, xxix. 99-100. 
Coal trade, northern, chronicles and re- 
cords. XV. 1 75- 181, 2J6, '271. 

Coal Tradk Associatio.n, connexion 

with, ix. 67, '233-'234. 
CoAi. Tkadk Co.mmittkk, iv. 26. 
Coal Trade nieeting, report, mining 

college, iii. '224-225 ; iv. 27- 
Coal-tubs, xxvii. 53-54; xxx. 4, 21; 

xxxiii. 156. 

, lubrication, xxvii. 8-9 ; plate iii. 

, small, viii. 120-121. 

— — , — , cost of, xiii. 131 ; diagram 
facing 131. 

— washers, felspar, xxxiv. abs. 58. 
-, Lemitjre, xxxvii. abs. 70. 

— washing, ajjparatus, plan, xii. '214. 
, Dortmund, xxvii. 196. 

, Ince Hall collieries, xv. 61-66 ; 

plate ix. 1'27-129, 14,3. 
, Liihrig method, xxix. 159-171 ; 

plates xxv.-xxxi. 
, settling ponds, xxxviii. abs. 12-13. 

— wedging machine, Grafton-Jones, xix. 
'239-'243 ; plates xliv.-xlvi. 

Coal- working, different modes, xviii. 24, 

■27. 219. 
, longwall, xvi. 4'2, 45 48, 107-112 ; 

xix. -27-37, 86-87. 
, Moira, system, x. 161-165, 167 ef 

seq.; xxxii. 181-190. 
, Northumberland and Durham, 

pillar system, ix. 16, 17-28, '29 d m<j. 
, South Durham and Cleveland, 

pillar system, viii. 87-96, 175-177- 
, — • Stall ordshire, thick or ten -yard 

seam, x. 183 196. 

— - committee, xix. 58 ; xx. 219. 
Coalbrook Dale, iii. 21, 23. 
Coalburg coal-seam. West Virginia, 

xxxiii. abs. 23. 
Coaly Hill dyke, ii. 110. 
Coanwood, coal-seams, xxxvii. 15. 
Coarse coal, iii. 13. 

— jiggers, Luhrig, xxix. 161-162; 
plate xxv. 

Coast-line, section, v. 195, 199. 
Coastley, Hexham, boring, xxx. 102-103. 
Coatham, borings, v. 217- 



VotUMES I. TO XXXVTTI. 



43 



Coating for telegraph-wires, xxxiii. al)s. 

45. 
Cobalt, New Caledonia, xxxvii. al)s. (iS. 

— and nickel, extraction, xxxv. alis. ',i[}. 
40. 

Cobaltite, analysis, xxxii. ahs. i. 
Cobeqiiid Bay to Londonderry, Nova 
Scotia, xiv. ; section facing 18. 

— Hills, Nova Scotia, xix. 117; xxvi. 
77. 

Cochin Ciiina, geology, xxxiv. abs. 20. 
Cochran K, Ciiari.ks, Limlmr;/ coal.fidd, 

xxvi. 2(5. 
Cochrane, Wili.iam, alMrartion of ex- 

plosire (jas from coal-mineM, xviii. 151. 
— , accidents in boiler-flues, ix. 162-163. 
— , advantages of mechanical ventilation, 

xix. 234-236. ' 
— , centrifugal action machines for 

the ventilation of mines, xxvi. 161-177, 

178 et seq. ; plate xxvi.; xxvii. 100. 
— , amendment of rule iv. xvii. 105. 
— , American coal and oil-regionn, xxv. 

168, 172, 173-174. 
— , Bainhridge fiafety-lamj), xxiii. 22, 

25. 
— , holler accidents, xxx. 81. 
— , Bowlker ventilating fan, xxxi. 240, 

241 ; xxxii. 24-26, 33. 

— , hye-prodticts of cohe manufactm-e, 
xxix. 84. 

— , centrifugal ventilators, xxvii. 108-110 
et seq. 

— , Channel Tunnel, xxii. 16, 18-19. 

— , coal-cutting machines, xiv. 105, 119 
et seq. ; xxviii. 193, 194. 

— , coal-mashing, xxix. 171. 
— , apparatus, xv. 65. 

— , coffering of shafts to keep hack water, 
xxvi. 8, 9. 

— , comparison of Guihal and Lemielle 
systems, xvi. 50-52, 57-85. 

— , Co2)pee coke-ovens, xxii. 104-105, 107. 

— , Cornish pumping -engine at Settling- 
stones, xxi. 58. 

— , cost of pumping, xvii. 27. 

— , coiinterhalancinq winding -engines, xx. 
214 ; XXV. 210, 214. 

— , danger of sparks from j'rickers and 
stemmers, xxxiii. 7- 

— , Davieif coal-cutting machine, xix. 62. 
— , day of meeting, xvi. 132. 

— , detection of injiammable </as<is, xxvii. 

291,293,294. 
--, direct-acting engine, Brancepeth, xv. 

297, 298. 
-, jiumping and winding -engines, 

XV. 35. 
— , duties of secretary, xvi. 23. 
— , economical uiorking of hoiters in 

collieries, xxxviii. 223. 
— , election of members, xxvi. 160. 
— , endless-chains and fail-rope-i committee, 

xiv. 114, 115. 
— , enlargement of Institute, xv. 79. 



(JocHRANK, William, examination of 

coal-gases^ xxv. 43. 
— , examinations, xxi v. 42. 
— , experiments II ith coal-dust, xxviii. 102. 

, federation ofiniuiiig institutes, xxxvii. 

165-166, 170' etse<i. 
-, fire-dani}) explosions, I'emisylvania, 

xxxi. 90-91. 
— , Flintshire cannel-seam, xix. 82. 
— , Fowler hydraulic wimiing-qear, xxiii. 

36, 40. ■ 
— , French northern coal-field, xxvii. 249. 
— , (j'lasgouj 1S7I> meeting, xix. 90-91. 
— , Guihal renlilator, xviii. 100. 
— , — — , Elswick colliery, xiv. 73-81. 

— , , Frameries, xvi. 7-8, 9. 

— , — and Lemielle ventilators, xvi. 

57 ; xviii. 139 ; xix. 2-3, 4. 
— , Harrison cast-iron boiler, xvi. 30, 

35-40, 43. 
— , Ile.tlon colliery -e.r])losion, ix., 92. 
— , illness of E. F. Boyd, xxi. 287-288. 
— , Institute lihrary, xv. 77- 
— , investiifation of Institute funds, xxii. 

134. 
— , Jefferson lioring -apparatus, xxx. 83 

et seq. 
— , joint conwiittee on mechanical venti- 
lators, xxxvii. 186-187, 188. 
— , Jones and Bidder coal - breaking 

7nachine, xix. 97. 
— , Lake Superior mining region, xxiv. 

248-249. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xvi. 30 ; xviii. 

58-60, 130-131, 139. 
— , Limburg coal-field, xxvi. 27, 28. 
— , limestoncA, Northumberland, xxv. 40. 
— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 32-33. 
— , Lloyd ventilating Jan, xix. 7-8. 
— , lim.girall nmrking, xix. 87- 
— , manufacture of coke, ix. 12, 50, 92. 
— , marhii (jigines, xxiv. 250. 
— , mechanical stoking, xviii. 90 et seq. 
— , mining in mountain limestone, xix. 

93. 
— , — industries of Prxissia, xxvii. 295. 
— , non-conducting covering for steam- 
pipes, xxxi. 84. 
— , observations at Seaham colliery during 

sealing up of Maudltn seam, xxxii. 312, 

316. 
— , I'evnsylvanian coal-measures, xxvi. 

29, 30, 31. 
— , printing of papers in advance, xvi. 

131, 132. 
— , professors of College of Sc'ence made 

members of Institute, xxi. 47. 
— , publication of the Watson sectio7hs, 

xxii. 134-135. 
— , pumping water, xvi. 133. 
— , quoted, xxviii. 86. 
— , rapid sinking, xxix. 247. 
— , remarks on the (Uiibal and Lemielle 

systems of ventilation, xviii. 139-147 ; 

plates x.cxvii. -xxxix. 



44 



(iF.NKlfAI. INDEX 1 O III \ NSAC IIONS. 



L'tMiiKANK, William, rrfninliiuj of Tran- 

Haitiuni, xxi. 'J88. 
-. ^*'J'J '•"'' Attiilfjohn cucdftUtimj 

mnchine, xxviii. 193, 194. 
— , Hoot ftuiUr. xxix. 99. 
— , KtiAKtaH r Mil- fields, xxiv. 1S.19, 2*2. 
— , mffly- amp/* and nhot-firiny, xxiv. 

&2. 67 ft sfij. 
— , Srhmitl rfi'olriiiij tpinil-itcreen, 

xxviii. IS8. 
— , ntcretariitl work at Maiirhe.ster 1SG5 

meetinij, xiv. 11*2. 
-, upoiitiiiifDiui coinbiMlion of coal, xxv. 

lis »•/ s<<^. 

, Menm hoi/rrn, xviii. 108 et sef/. ; xx. 

124. 128-129. 

— fSlrnii/th oftrroutjht-iron in romprexxion, 
XXX. 89, 90. 

— , ftunliijht electric xafety-lam}!, xxxvii. 

116. 
— , Swan electric mfety-lamp, xxxi. 119. 
— , tail-rope commitlte's report, xvi. 104- 

106. 
— , technical education, xvii. 65 ; xviii. 

6; xix. 188-189. 
— , Tkihonlli coal-field, xxxvii. 98-99. 
— , undtiijroimd siirreyiit'j, xx. 47- 
— , visit to Don ti, xxvii. 248-249. 

- , vote of thanks to Mr. Lindsay Wood, 
xxvii. 296. 

— , water a-i motive power, xxviii. 180. 
— , [Vest Cumberland luematite-deposits, 

xx\-iii. 229. 
Cochrane & Co., varnish for iron, xi. 

26. 

COCHRANK AND P.\RTNEKS, HON. A., 

quoted, iii. app. 2. 

Cochran's Hill, xxxi. 152, 153. 

Cook I^w quarry, xxv. 54. 

Cock play fault, xxii. 113, 117. 

CocKBUKN, — , quoted, viii. 149, 154. 

Cock BURN, Wi I LI AM. carboniferous lime- 
stone, South Durham and North 
Yorkshire, xxi. 2."i I -270. 

- , Cooke ventilating machine, xxvi. 
151-157 ; plates xxiii. -xxv. ; xxvii. 100. 

— , Grafton- J ones coal-rjetling machine, 

xix. 243. 
— , Gnihal and Waddle ventilators, xviii. 

100. 
— , longwcUl working, xvi. 109, 110, 111. 
— , mining in mowdain limestone, xix. 

111. 
— , steam boilers, xviii. 111. 
— , underground conveyance, Cleveland, 

xvi. 92 <-! seq., 95-100, 125, 126. 
CocKERiLL, M. J., quoted, xxii. 13. 
Cockermouth, xxxi. 218, 2.35 ; section, 

2.37; xxxiv. 127-129. 
Cooktield, coal-seams, xxxvii. 6, 126. 

— Fell colliery, xv. 181. 

wliui dyke, ii. 111-113; xii. 156; 

xiii. 45 ; xix. 105. 
Cockle shell limestone, xxxvii. 298. 
CocKsoN, Cha.s., quoted, xxxii. 31. 



(•...Ihill, xiu. 127, 128. 

— mines, v. 192- 194. 

('oi>K(iN safety-valve, xxxii. abs. 57. 
C(K5d Tali)M colliery, xix. 76, 79; xxv. 

99. 
Coetiicients, conductivity and radiation, 

iv. 178-179. 
— , resistance due to ateani in pipes, iii. 

211-212. 
CoK, tlos., l.nndhili colliery explosion, 

V. 241, 247, 250. 
ColFee roaster, Dakin, xxxii. 193-194 ; 

plate xxvi. 
CofFering of shafts to keep back water, 

xxvi. 3-11 ; plates i. iii. 
CoHKN, E., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 7 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Cohesive strength of cement, ix. 146. 
— iron and steel ropes and chains, 

vii. 211-217 ; viii. 13, 17. 
CoiGNKT, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 7, 9. 
Coke, R. C, quoted, xxv. 115. 
Coke, iii. 67 ; v. 33. 
— , analysis, viii. 23, 125. 
— , consumption, railways, ix. 12. 
— , cost in Italy, xxxviii. abs. 24. 
— , de-sulphurizing, ix. 41. 
— , early history of, xii. 164. 
— , enhanced price, xv. 143. 
— , formation, experiments with coal- 
dust, xxxiv. 242-243. 
— , natural, xxxiii. abs. 64. 
— , price, St. Etienne, xxxiv. abs. 50. 
Coke-filling apparatus, Browney colliery, 

xxviii 105. 
Coke for smelting, xxvi. 79. 

— from washed and unwashed coals, xii. 
38. 

— kilns, patent, viii. 113. 

— made in 1640, xii. 167. 

— manufacture, viii. 109-1.35; ix. 3-13, 
35-51; xxii. 3-20, 81-103, 152-157; 
plates i.-xiv. ; xxviii. 40, 42 ; xxx. 18- 
19 ; XXXV. 237 ; xxxviii. 40. 

, bye-products, xxix. 81-85, 192- 

197 ; plate v. 
, economy, xxvii. 127-128; plates 

xi.-xiv. 
, Newcastle and Durham districts, 

viii. 109-135. 

— — , — — , cost, viii. 134. 

, U.S.A., XXXV. abs. 37-38. 

, Westphalia, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

— ovens, ii. 209-210; xii. 175-176, 216- 
218; XV. 208, 215; xxiii. 231; xxxii. 
366; xxxviii. 40, 41. 

, Almond iionworks, Falkirk, xxiv. 

97-99 ; plates xviii. -xx. 

, ancient, diagram, facing viii. 189. 

, Appolt, xxii. 7, 18 ; plates vii.-xi. 

, Bauer, xxxvii. abs. 21. 

, Break on and DiX' n, ix. 35. 

, Browney colliery, xxviii. 105-106. 

— — , common round, viii. 114; dia- 
grams facing 114. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



ifi 



Coke ovens, Church, ix. 45. 

, Copp 'e, xxii. 81-108, 152-157 ; 

plates XX. -XXX. 

, cost of, xxix. 196. 

, Cuinhci'liuul, xxxiii. 126. 

, Dinning, Joseph, ix. 37. 

— — , gases, ammonia from, xxxii. abs.44. 
, — • produced, viii. 115-116. 

, history, viii. 111-112. 

— — , improvements, xxxiv. abs. 11, 12. 
, Mackworth, ix. 43. 

, method of loading, ix. 3-13, 35-51. 

, parallelogram form, viii. 117. 

, Pernolet, xxii. 4 et seq. ; plates 

i.-vi. 

, Produits, xxvii. 178-179. 

, Ramsay, xii. 218. 

— — , Rogers and Mackworth, ix. 44. 
, Semet, xxxiii. abs. 66. 

, South Wales, xxiii. 231. 

, waste heat, xii. 216. 

, Westphalia, xxvii. 199. 

, Wilkinson, xii. 217- 

- production, 1858, viii. 109. 
, estimated annual, viii. 128. 

— trade, xv. 243, 249, 250, 252 

— used on railways, ix. 12. 
Coking, xxxi. 190-191. 

— coal, xii. 139-141, 145, 157-161, 167, 
207-210 ; xii. 159, 161-162. 

— --, not liable to spontaneous com- 
bustion, X. 168, 173, 175, 178. 

— — district, Northumberland and Dur- 
ham, i. 274; ii. 156, 205, 267-271. 

— plant, cost. viii. 127, 130 et seq. 

— properties of Warora coal, nil. , xxxviii. 
86--7, 168. 

Col de Jou, xxxvi. 39, 40 ; plan 40 ; 

section 40. 
Cold rolled iron, experiments, viii. 13-14. 
Cole, W. R., death of, xxxii. 1. 
Coleby, XXXV. 180, 145. 

— shaft, section xxiv. 32. 

Coleman, J. J., mineral oil as a lubricant 

for machinery, xxi. 291-294. 
Coleorton coal-field, x. 162. 
CoLLADON, D., quoted, xxxii. abs. 47. 
CoLLEr.K OF Physical Science, iv. 3-4, 

23-32; ix. 86-89, 229-230, 251-252; 

XXV. 197-198 ; xxix. 102, 103 ; xxx. 

134 ; xxxi. 137 : xxxv. 242-243 ; xxxvi. 

158-160; xxxvii. 216 ; xxxviii. 41. 
— , Dean Lake's inaugural speech, xxi. 

a])p. iii. pp. ix.-xxii. 

— , professors elected members, xxi. 47, 
82. 

— , pro])osed, i. 217 et t<eq., 269; ii. 51, 

78, 93, 97 ; iii. 56-58, 223-225, 341-346 ; 

iv. 36; ix. S6-89, 229-230, 251-252; 

xi. 219-223. 

, report of committee, xx. j))). ix.- 

xiii., 112. 

, council, xxii. pp. vi., vii. 

Collieries, Hunter river district, vi. 38-48. 
— , number of, ii. 195, 201, 264-267, 269. 



Collieries, subscribing, number of, iii. 

225 ; iv. 3; xi. 212. 
Colliery boilers, ecf)nomicai working, 

xxxviii. 223-228. 

— bonds, XV. 208, 209, 21 1, 213, 216, 217- 
218, 254. 

— I)ranch railways, xxvii. 44. 

— cages, xxxiii. 156. 

— engineers' committee, report, xxiii. 
65. 

— explosions, xxvii. 284 ; xxviii. 206-207. 

, 1743-18.53, list, i. 291 et seq. 

, England, statistics, xxxi. 8. 

Colliery Guardian, quoted, ix. 251 ; 

xxxii. 29. 
Colliery horses, feeding and management, 
xxxii. 61-116, 154-174; plate xii. 

— legislation, xxxv. 212. 

— machinery, xxxi. 139-140. 

— management, xxxi. 137-138. 

— owners, Durham and Northumberland, 
list of, iv. 96, 97. 

— plans, etc., presented to institute, xvii. 
53-54. 

— railways, xiii. 30, 31. 

— ropes, Belgium, xxxi. abs. 18-19. 

, England, xxxi. abs. 19. 

, France, xxxi. abs. 17-18. 

, German}', xxxi. abs. 19. 

— rules, France, xxxi. abs. 14, 15. 

— warnings, xxxi. 129-130. 
, meteorological, xxxviii. 35. 

— waters, analyses, xxvii. 218 ; xxxv. 
abs. 1-2. 

Collierly colliery, xv. 178. 

Collingwood, New Zealand, coal, analysis, 

xxxv. 185. 

— , , — district, xxxv. 183-186. 

— , , Wallsend colliery, xxxv. 184- 

185 ; section, 184. 
Collins, — , quoted, xxxvii. 50. 
Collins coal-seam, analyses, xxvii. 227, 

228. 
, section, xxvii. 226. 

— mine, xix. 156, 157- 

CoLLOM patent jigger, xxx. 145-146 ; 

plates xxxiv. -xxxv. 
CoLLOT, L. , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
CoUycroft, section, xxxiii. 162. 
Colombia, journey to, viii. 57. 
Colorado, Bassick mine, xxxiii. abs. 62. 
— , Gilpin county mines, xxxiii. abs. 63. 
— , San Juan mining region, xxxiii. abs. 

63. 

— coal-fields, xxxi. abs. 41. 

— iron-ores, xxxiv. abs. 26. 

— ores, analyses, xxxv. abs. 7- 

— steamer, xviii. 43, 115. 
(Coloration of strata, xxxiii. 140-142. 

( Coloured glass for gas indicators, xxvi. 

135-136,^142. 
Colrat, - , quoted, xxxii. abs. 20, 53. 
CoLODON spray system, xxxv. 230-231. 
Colunmar basalt, xxx. 107, 108 : sections, 

113. 



4»; 



(JENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Col/illllH', XXXV. liT. 

ComlKTfdoutli- vviitilatoi , xxxii. nlm. 54. 
ConiW'iijjtol iniiu'H, winding n*^"'''- "xxv. 

til)8. 47. 
Cdmbkm, -, iiiifmoiiiftfi", iii. ItiO, 167; 

X. -JOS, *213./ >-7.. ■---'7. 
— , quutcl, ix. IS.S, 1S4. 
-, vi'iitiliitor, xvi. (30 tt ^n/. .• xix. •227. 
Coiiil>im<l .Iniinugc of luineti, v. 1.S9-14I, 

Ui'J U>4. 

— puiiipiiiL; ami wiinliMgengiiu', xix. 214. 
21"> ; plulf xxxix. 

CouibuatiMe iniueruls, uimlyses, xxxiii. 
abs. 52. 

, coinpiirisoii i>f, xxxiii. abs. 33. 

CoinbuHtioii, priMlucts, iii. .■l.")4 it st<i. 

— of coal, heat, xxxvi. abs. 26. 

— , spontaneous, at sea, xxv. 107- 

140, 178, IHS; XXXV. 180182, 207. 

, — , VVarora, xxxviii. 97-104. 

coal-gas to produoe heat, xxiii. 

47-63; plate.s xv.-xvii. 

— - explosive mixtures of gases, xxxiii. 
abs. 102. 

gases, XXXV. 10. 

— - pyrites, 8p<)ntaneous, xxxvii.abs. 71. 
Coniinentry coal-measures, fossil fish, 

xxxvii. abs. 86. 
Commercial results of longwall working, 

xxv. 2.")7-258. 
Commission on dynamite stores, report, 

xxxii. ab.s. 18. 
Commissioners of charities, quoted, v. 26 ; 

letter, 63. 
Commissiims, xxix. 107, 109. 
Committee on ventilation appointed, iv. 

21. 
Committees on mines, i. 17-20, 73, 236- 

237. 

, heads of enquiry, i. 258 et .seq. 

Communication by water, xxiv. 238-239. 
Commutating arc lamps, Brockie, xxxiv. 

.3.^-35 ; plates vii. -viii. 
Comox, Vancouver, coal-seams, analyses, 

xxvii. 240. 

— , — , , section, xxvii. 239. 

Compact blue purple haematite, xxxi. 225- 

227. 

, analyses, xxxi. 226. 

Comi)anies, joint stock, iv. 290. 
Comparative cost of coal cleaning, xxxi. 

abs. 11-12. 
electricity and compressed - air 

installations for transmission of power, 

xxxi. abs. 10. 
shaft-sinking systems, xxxv. abs. 

33. 
working thick and thin seams, 

iv. 19S-199. 

— efficiency of non-conducting coverings 
for boilers and steam pipes, xxxi. 77-85 ; 
xxxii. 35-41, 175-178. 

— pro<luctiveness of French and other 
coal-fields, vi. 57, 65, 66, 67-69. 

- sections, viii. 186, 188. 



Comparative statomenl of iron prodmid, 

iv. 57 60, 70. 
values of (lorman coals, xxxvii. aba. 

4647. 

Indian coals, xxxviii. 16!. 

Compari.son of analyses, iii. 17-20, 25. 
anininmetrr.s, x. 221 224, 227-228; 

diai^ram.s, fating 215, 228, 236. 

lielgian and English coal-mining, iv. 

300.:{01, :502. 

circles f)f revolution, in anemo- 

metry, x. 224-226 ; diagrams, facing 

215. 
coal, fire-clay, and ironstone pro- 

ductiou, British and Prussian, xxvii. 

58. 
governors, in anemomctry, x. 217- 

220. 

— — Guibal and Lemielle ventilator.s, 
xvi. 50 et .sr,'/., 57-85. 

machine and hand drilling, xxxi. 

abs. 24-26. 

— — Prussian and British mining 
accidents, xxvii. 51, 58-59. 

— — various coals, xxx. 17. 
Compass, disadvantages, xx. 98-99, 104. 
— , improved mode of reading, xx. 108 

112. 

— bearings, xxxi. 36-38. 

in boreholes, xxxi. 45-46. 
Compensation to mill-owners, etc., xxiv. 

87-88. 
Comi)leat Collier, extracts, xv. 200-201. 
Complex anemometers, x. 239. 
('omposition for covering steam-pipes, 

xxix. 13 ; xxxi. 78 et, xeq. 
— — , Wormahi, experiments 

with, xxxvi. 24. 

— of manganese-ores, xxxvi. 113-115. 
occluded gases, xxii. 26-27. 28, IDO. 

— — ironstone, vii. 89. 
Compound engines, xxxvi. 1.38-139. 

— marine-engines, xxiv. 110 tt seq. 

— pumping-engines, xix. 208 ; plate 
xxxix. ; xxiii. 3 et stq. ; plates i. -ii. 

— wound dynamos, xxxiv. 22-23. 
Compressed-air, brake, Weni.er, xxxii. 

abs. 56. 
, engines, xviii. 23. 

— — , locomotives, xxxii. 8-13, 55-57; 
drawings, 23. 

, machines, xxi. 73-82, 199-218; 

plates xiv.-Xxii., xxxiii. ; xxii. 20-22, 

30-36, 71-79. 

, motive jjower, xxxi. 140. 

, motors, xxv. 195-196. 

— — , sinking through (juicksand by. 
xxxvi. abs. 35. 

, Skelton Park mine, xxxi. 107)107. 

, transmi.ssion of, v. 114-116. 

, use of, xxxv. 2:^0-231. 

and hand-power drills, xxxi. abs. 

45. 

— lime, mining coal by, xxxi. 131 ; xxxiii. 
13-18, 59, 60, abs. 91, 92. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



47 



Compressed linio, blasting, xxxi. 1.31 ; 
xxxiii. abs. !)1, 92. 

— paper, steaiucr built of, xxxiii. 61. 
Coiiipreasing-engiiie, Siir.H-Longchain])a, 

xxi. 211-214. 
engines, xxxii. 364. 
Compression, strength of wrought-iron, 
xxix. 179-186, and plate xxxii. ; xxxii. 
180 ; xxxiii. 63-65. 

— of fossil fuels, xxxiv. abs. 46. 

— ventilation, xxxiv. abs. 49. 
Compressors, wet, with parabolic columns, 

xxxii. abs. 83. 

— in Harper safety-cage, xvi. 114-115; 
plates xxvi.-xxviii. 

CoMSTOCK, Theo. B., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

63. 
Comstock lode, xxxiii. abs. 107- 

— — , Pelton wheels and dynamos, 
xxxviii. abs. 20. 

Concave buddle, xxx. 147 ; plate xxxvi. 
Concessions, mining, Austria, iv. 77-78, 

80. 
— , — , Spain, xxxvii. 28. 
Concha incline, xxxiii. 223. 

— mines, sections, xxxiii. 235. 

— railways, xxxiii. 228. 
Concordia gold-mine, xxxv. 87, 89. 
Concrete backing for tubbing, Kind- 

Cliaudron system, xx. 193 et ■•ieq. ; 

xxi. 9 et seq. 
Concretionary basalt, xxx. 108. 
Concretions with plants, Westphalian 

coal, xxxvii. abs. 62-63. 
Condensation in steam-pipes, xxix. 7-14. 

— — , loss due to, xxxvi. 20-22. 

Condenser, Morton ejector, xxiii. 165- 

166 ; plate xxxiv. 
Condensers in connexion witli coke-ovens, 

xxii. 4. 

mineral oil-works, xx. 182-183. 

Contliments foi' horses, xxxii. 114, 115. 
Condition of Belgian miners, xxxvi. abs. 

29. 
pitmen, xxxv. 215-216. 

— - Prussian miners, xxvii. 45-49. 
Trausylvanian gold-miners, xxxv. 

89 -'JO. 

— for certificates, xxi. 26, 27, 32, 39, 
40. 

— of admission to College of Science, 

iv. 28-29. 
Con Iroz crest, xxvii. 146, 147, 148. 
Conducting })ipes, compressed-air, xxi. 

214-215. 

— power, coefficients, iv. 178-179. 
Conductivity of rocks xxxi. 68-69. 
Coiuluctors, lightning, xxxiii. 85 ef xeq. 

of flectricity, xxxiv. 3-4. 
Cone drum, xx. 21 I ; plate Ixi. 

- used in loading coke-ovens, ix. 5. 
Conegliano, (Jajarine well - sinking, 

xxxviii. 65. 
Conewood coal-tield, sections facing xi. 

114. 



Conference at British A.sHociation, Bir- 
mingham, 1886 meeting, xxxvi. 61-63. 

Congitz coal-mines, xxvii. 240. 

Congo, Lower, geology, xxxviii. abs. 18- 
19, 54. 

(Joniferaj, xxx. 19. 

(y'onishead priory, section, xxxi. 237. 

(Joniston, bloomery, xxxiv. 86, 89. 

— copper and lead-mines, xxxiv. 122, 
124. 

-- series, xxviii. 112, 123-124; sections, 

155 ; xxxi. 212, 237. 
Connection between earth movements and 

issues of gases in mines, xxxvi. 43-45, 

86, 120-121 ; plate vi. ; xxxvii. 55- 

67 ; plates viii.-xvii. 
Connections in electric lighting, xxxiv. 

42-54. 
Connellsville coke, xxv. 154. 
Conservancy, river Tyne, ii. 124. 
Consett, boiler-explosion, iv. 48-49. 

, coal-seams, xxxvii. 6, 125-126. 
— , ironstone, ii. 106; xiii. 146-147. 
-, ironworks, v. 168. 
Consett Ikon Company, quoted, iii. 

app. 6. 
Constanze coal-seam, sections, xxviii. 

59, 65. 
Construction of a dam, xxxv. abs. 5-6. 

boilers, xxx. 76-80. 

maps in relief, xxxviii. abs. 71. 

railways, iv. 88, 91, 94, 95 ; xvii. 

132-1.35. 

safety-lamps, xxxv. 6-7- 

shafts, tables, xxviii. 43-55. 

ventilating furnaces, ix. 131-140. 

Consumption of coal, vi. 56, 85-97 ; xxii. 

40-42, 52. 

, Indian railways, xxxviii. 157. 

, Russia, xxiv. 13-15. 

— , Saarbriicken district, xxviii. 42- 

43. 
fuel, Cornish and other engines, 

XV. 159-161. 
-- — — , furnace ventilation, iii. 100- 

114. 

limestone, xxi. 251-263. 

stores, Guibal ventilator, xxvi. 

171. 
Contact part of Hank, toothed wheels, 

xxi. 279 ; plate xliv. 

— with air, loss of heat, xxxvi. 17-19. 
Con tern] )oraneous igneous rocks, xx. 133, 

134, 136, 137, 140, 142, 14.3. 

Continent, mining in coal-producing dis- 
tricts, xxvii. 171-201; plates xxii. -xxv. 

Continental railways, ix. 58-59. 

Continuous iron rods in boring, objections 
to, ii. 59. 

Contortions in limestone, xxxiii. 75 ; 
sections, 75, 76 ; xxxvi. 40. 

— of strata, iii. 63 ; xxxvi. 106, lOS-109 ; 
sectit)ns, 1 18. 

Contoured mining plans, necessity for, 
XX. 21 tt seq., 75-76, 79, 101. 



48 



OKNEItAI. INllKX TO TllANSAlTIONS. 



Coiiliuct work, \Vi\ronv, raU-s, xxxviii. 

164-1(5.'). 
C'ont ruction of uitcjwt shaft, iv. If) tt xetj. ; 

vii. 190 >l if</. 
Contractors, native. Warora, xx.xviii. 113 

et xKi. 
Control-apparatus for winding-engines, 

xxxvii. alis. '2l-'2'2. 
("onulana laevigata, tigured, vi. .So ; 

plate iv. 

— quatlrisulcuta, xxviii. 5. 

— torta, figureil, vi. 3.5 ; ])latf iv. 
Convection" in liore-lioles, xxxi. 6.=), 66-67- 
Conversazione, Newcastle exhibition, 

xxxvi. 127. 
Convex buiUllc, xxx. 146-147; plate xxxvi. 
Conveyance of coals underground, iii. 239- 

31S ; V. 6.">-l Hi : x. 20: xvi. 49 50, 53-56, 

88-91 ; plates xii.-xiii. 

gold-ore, XXXV. ,S5-8(i, 87, 90. 

inineral.s Ijy wire tramways, xx. 3- 

16, 217 ; i)lates i.-xxiv. 
CoNyitK.\RK & I'lin.Mi's, quoted, ii. 256. 

COOUK. SiK .ISO., quoted, XXXV. 189. 

I ooK, Eii.NE.sT, quote<l, xxx. 24. 

Cook, H. V-ji-ob urnis, l\'()0<li/f<til,x\ii.\9. 

Cook & Co., quoted, iii. apji. 6. 

Cooke, John, Forht.'< iiiisliK/irator, 

xxix. 175. 
--, Iruirrie iniut.s, xxvi. 61. 
— , Httton saf'tly-lainji t.cperi7ntuts, xvii. 

60, 61. 
— , Kind-Chandrov horiiKj .fys'em, xxi. 10, 

16. 

— , Knrhnrhallee coaJ- field, xxx. 24. 
— , Lemielle ri-.utilator, xviii. 60. 

— , Oat< collierii-ej-plosions, xxv. 142,143. 
— , Pennsylvanian coal-mp.n.fin-e.s, xxvi. 46. 
— , pre-snire. of <ia.t in solid roal, xxx. 257- 
— , }>nmpi7i(ji'Vijiiifs, xx. 174. 

, Ramsey and Cooke signal indicator, 

xix. 21-24, 25, 26, 98 ; plates vii.-viii. 
, spontaneous comlni-stion of ro'U, xxv. 
131. 

— , sttam-hoiler.s, xx. 126, 127. 

— , steel-boilers, xxx. 268. 

— , underijround surveyinif xx. 47, 112. 
— , — temperature, xxxi. 72. 

— , ventilating apparatus, xix. 17-20; 
plate vi. ; xxvii. 100-104, I 17-118. 

, machine, xxvi. 151-157 : plates 

xxiii.-xxv. 
Cooke and Ram.sey signal indicator, xix. 

21-26, 98 ; plates vii.-viii. 
CooKsoN, Jos., quoted, xiii. 115 120. 

CooKSON, Ci'THBERTS & LlbOELL, (jUOted, 

iii. apj). (). 
Coohng law of, iv. 1.59 et seq. 182-184. 

— of coke, ix. 40, 42, 45, 46, 51. 

_. — condensation-water by artificial 

ventilation, xxxiii. abs. 1-2. 
Coomroof coal, xxxvii. 15. 
CooPEK, Phil., coal-cultiny machines, 

xiv. 1 1 6, 123 et seq. 
— , donation of fossils, xi. 177. 



C(»oi'EK, I'liil.., Hftlon siifeJi/Jdinj) ex/ieri' 

intnts, xvii. 61, 62. 
--, lomiindl irorkiiii/ AnneMey colliery, 

xxi. ios. 
-, outburst of lire-damp, Stralford main 

colliery, xvii. 43-51. 
Cooi'EK, Tilo.s., Liiiiilhill rulliery e.vp(osion, 

V. 248, 2.59-260. 
Cooper-eve coal-seam, ix. 205, 207-208, 

209, 216218, 219, 221, 223 ; xxiii. 43 ; 
'• xxx. 125 ; xxxvii. 13, 20. 
Coppa colliery, xix. 76, 80. 
CoPl'EE coke-ovens, xxii. 81-108, 152-157; 

plates XX.. xxx. ; xxxv. 237. 

, Aniche, xxvii. 254-255. 

, improvements in, xxxiv. abs. 

11-12. 
Chopper, xxi. 258, 262. 
— , ('hili, xxxii. abs. 51. 
— , Eastern Liguria, xxxv. abs. 7. 
— , El Boleo, xxxvi. abs. 7. 
— , Luxemburg, xxxiv. abs. 13. 

, Nova Scotia, xiv. 17- 
— , Trans-Caucasia, xxxv. abs. 9. 

— belt. South Mountain, Pennsylvania, 
xxxiv. abs. 24. 

— (lepo.sits, Carroll county, Maryluml. 
xxxi. abs. 40. 

, Italy, xxxiii. abs. .32. 

— , Leon, xxxiii. aV)S. 36. 

, St. (ienevieve, xxxiii. abs. 26. 

— — , South- West Africa, xxxiv. abs. 60. 

— — , Texas, xxxiii. abs. 51. 

— extraction, Marchese process, xxxvii. 
abs. 70. 

from pjrites, xxxviii. aV)S. 32. 

— gear ff)r explosives, xx. 222. 

— lixiviation, cost, xxxiv. abs. 4. 

— mines, Spain, xxxiv. abs. 63. 

— ore, annual production, xxi. 171, 181, 
191. 

— production, xxxiv. 120, 121, 122. 
. cost, xxxiii. abs. 26. 

— pyrites, xii. 205; xiii. 223-224; xxv. 
82. 

- smelting, xxiii. 247. 

stemmers, xx. 222 ; xxxiii. 10-11. 

Copperas, xiii. 225-226. 

Coprolite bed, xxiv. 30. 

Coprolite.s, xiii. 225. 

— , annual production, xxi. 175, 184, 194. 

Copyholds, XV. 204. 

Copyright of papers, v. 1-3, 225; xiii. 
13-14. 

Coquet, river, xi. 102, 103. 115; xxxvii. 
3, 16. 

CoQUiLLioN grisoumetre, fire-damp ana- 
lyser, exhibited, xxvii. 97 ; xxxii.- abs. 
6, 44. 

Coralline oolite, xxxv. 139. 

CoKBETT, V. W., observations at Seaham 
colliery during sealing up of maudlin 
coal-seam, xxxii. 225-310 ; plates 
xxx. -xxxi. 

— , quoted, xxxviii. 35. 



VOLTTMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



49 



CoRBKJNY, Bkossard de, (jiiotcd, xxxiii. 

abs. S. 
OoKBRiDCE, Wm., LiiikIIiHI (■(tllicry-cx- 

plosioii, Y. 237. 
Corbyii's Hall, boiler-explosion, xxxii. 

195 ; jjlate xxvi. 
Cords, lead-mining, xviii. 173. 
Corea, gold-mines, xxxviii. abs. 21-22. 
Cores, percentage obtained in boring, 

xxx. 93-98. 
Corfu, geology, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Corinth canal, xxxv. 229. 
Corliss engine, xxii. 43, 44 ; xxv. 213- 

214; plates Iviii.-lix.; xxvi. 110, 1 IG. 
Corn laws, effect on prices, xxxvi. 151. 
Cornet, F. L. , machines worked by 

compressed air, Belgian collieries, xxi. 

199-217 ; plate xxxiii. 

— , quoted, xxiii. 67, 96. 

Cornet and Briart, natural pits, 

Belgium, xxiii. 67-74. 
Cornet spray injector, xxvii. 180. 
Cornfield pit, Burnley, endless-chain, 

xvii. app. i. plate xxviii. 
Coi'nish and other pumping-engines, duty 

of, xix. 201-221 ; plates xxxviii. -xli. 

— boilers, xviii. 108 etseq., 121 e.t spq. ; 
XX. 51 et seq.; xxviii. 252 ; xxx. 74, 
75 ; plates xxi. -xxii. 

, explosions, xxix. 36, 37, 42, 94 et 

seq.; plate ix. 

— engines, xv. 27 et neq., 121 et seq., 142, 
159-161 ; xvii. 22 et seq.; xx. 169-170 et 
seq. ; xxiii. 7, 9 et se<j. ; xxxviii. 108. 

— pumping-engines, Settlingstones, xxi. 
59-66, 91-103 ; plates x.-xii. 

, velocity of stroke, xxi. 56-57. 

Cornwall, metalliferous mines xxvii. 

131-140 ; plates xv. -xvii. 
— , mining, xxx. 135. 
Cornwall Minerals Railway Co., 

xxvii. 133. 
Cornstone, xx. 132. 
Coroners' inquests, boiler-explosions, iv. 

42-49. 
Correlation of beds, vii. 95-99, 102, 103 ; 

xi. 125-129, 133; xxxiv. 125, 129, 130, 

135. 

— — carboniferous strata, xxv. 234 ; 
sections, 238. 

coal-measures, xxvi. 17- '8, 25-26. 

— — coal-seams, viii. 187-190 ; xxxii. 
340-343. 

, Northern England carbon- 
iferous, xxxvii. 3-25, 123-128 ; plate i. 

permian strata, xiii. 211. 

-- — strata, xiv. 44, 45 ; table, xx. 139, 
154 ; xxiii. 174-176; table, xxviii. 65; 
xxxi. 155, abs. 43 ; xxxvi. 34, 35. 

Corrosion of boiler-plates, xviii. 118 e( 
seq.; xx. 58 ; xxix. 54, 55. 

pumping-gear, xxix. 54, 55. 

Corrugated boiler-flues, xxxiv. abs. 7. 

— , Fox, xxx. 267. 

— lodes, xxxi. 156-157; section, 173. 



Corrugated tubes, F'ox, xxxii 217 218 

220. 
Cortrse, ]<]., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 14; 

xxxvii. abs. 14. 
Corundum for rock-drills, xxiii. 194-195. 
Corves, xii. 191-192; xv. 201, 206, 208; 

xxxiv. 104. 
— , lu])rication, xxv. 215-223 ; plates Ix.- 

Ixix. ; xxvii. 8-9 ; plate iii. 
Cosloo valley, description, iii. 64-65. 

— — , sections, iii. 61. 

(^ossham, Handel, Bristol roal-feld, x. 

113, 115, 116. 
— , dreat Northern coal-field, x. 81. 
— , longivall workimj, x. 142 e.t seq. 

, northern end of Bristol coal-field, x. 

97-104. 
-, quoted, v. 26 ; x. 8 ; xiii. 47 ; xxvii. 

87, 88, 92. 
— , safety -caqes, x. 90 el seq. 

— , spontaneous comhiistion of coal, x. 178- 
179. 

Cost of Aitken coking process, xxix. 
196. 

— — Bastier chain-pump, xv. 124, 154. 

beehive coke-oven, xxii. 84. 

bord and pillar, xxvi. 65. 

boring, ii. 61, 64, 66. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 93-97. 

— -- — against water in coal-mines, xix. 
175. 

Cameron steam-pump, xvii. 94. 

— — cement tubbing, ix. 74. 
clip-pulley, xvi. 92. 

coal, XV. 68, 69, 70, 71. 

— — — and coke as fuel, compared, 
xxii. 81. 

-■ — coal cutting, xxiii. 111. 

by machine, ii. 69. 

dressing, Briickenberg, xxix. 

169-170. 

production, xxxiv. 102, 106. 
washing, Ince Hall collieries, xv. 

62, 64, 128. 

cofferiiag shafts, xxvi. 8. 

coke, V. 33. 

manufacture, viii. 134 ; ix. 43, 49. 

coking plant, viii. 127, 130 etseq. 

Coppde coke-ovens, xxii. 87, 90 

et seq. 
Cranston boring -apparatus, xxx. 

265, 266. 
crushing auriferous-quartz, xxxi. 

166. 
ores, xxx. 137-138. 

— - different systems of boring, xxx. 88, 
98-100, 10:^ 10!=. 

— ventilation, xix. 231, 2 2. 

— — drainage of mines, v. 1 37 et seq. 
drawing coke, xxviii. 105. 

— - driving headings, longwall, xix. 
3^31. 

electric light, xxvii. 1S4. 

endless-chain system xviii. 61-62, 

72. 75. 



.'•u 



r.ENKUAI. INDl X l(» rUANSAlTIONS. 



CoBt of I'lulless-ohivin 8\»ti'iii. Spiiiii, 

xxxiii. •JO».-_M'.». 
-- — cxi-iiviitiiiii, \i\. !(,'?. 

fXtnic'lion, xxxi. lUl-lG."). 
, gold, xxxi. 164, 16.') ; xxxv. 91, 

92. 
fire-bw8, various |)atcnt, xviii. 93, 

94. 
FluUMM ii|)|HinitUM ikiiil liiiii|>, xxxi. 

201, •20-2. 

fuel, xiii. M, :V2. 

, Indian railwiiys, xxxviii. 157, 

161. 

for mine ventiliition, xix. "230. 

puniping-engint's, xix. '205, 

210 e/ wf/. 

— — furnace and niecluinical ventilation 
conuHired, xviii. 10*2. 

- - furni.shin;,' Wood nienuirial liall and 
Institute buildings, xx. ll.S-115. 
Grafton - Jones coal-wedging ma- 
chine, xix. 242-'24.S. 

— - - grathing buckets, v. 5'2. 
Guibal fan, xiv. 81. 

gypsiun jn'oduction, xxx. (i". 

Harrison boiler, xvi. ,37, 40. 

haulage, vi. 3 ef sc.ij.; xxxii. 14. 

— , Uideatham, xvi. 125-1-26. 

horses and ponies at various col- 
lieries, xxxii. 90-93, 106-110. 

iron frames for propping, xxvii. 188. 

— - iron-ore jH'oduction, xiii. 111-114, 
116, 121 : xxiii. 214-215; xxvi. 74, 78; 
xxvii. 1.35; xxxiii. 229 230. 

— — jigging ores, xxx. 145. 

— — Jones and Bidder coal-breaking 
machine, xix. 12, 13, 14. 

labour applied to haulage, xvii. app. 

i. 172-174. 

leading coals, x\ni. app. i. 5-0, 22, 

31, 40, 52-53, 64-65, 70, 75, 76. 81, 82, 
86, 92, 104, 116, 1.32-133, 1.37-138. 

Legrand chair-sleepers, xvii. 32. 

living, xxxvi. 151. 

longwall, xxAi. 65. 

■— , East Hetton, xxv. 225-227. 

lubricating tubs, xxv. 222. 

machine-drilling, xxxi. abs. 24-26, 

maintenance of haulage-plant, xvii. 

app. i. 174-176. 
sunlight electric safety-lamp, 

xxxvii. 114, 115. 
manganese-mining, xxxvi. 115. 

— — marine-boilers, xxvi. 100. 

mechanical stokers, xxvii. 207, 208, 

209. 

— — metal-tubbing, ix. 73-74 ; xxvi. 
11. 

mining, ii. 245-246 ; v. 31, 42 ; xiii. 

27, 29.32. 

non-conducting coverings for steam- 
pipes, xxxii. .35, 36, 38, 39. 

— — Northiunberland lakes water 
scheme, xxiv. 90. 



(.'ost of old winnings, (iosforth, \xx\iii. 

189 «/M'/. 
pig-iion, iv. 136: \. 31-35; xxxii. 

49. 

piti)roi>H, Warora, xxxviii. 1.30-182. 

8inkin;;H, xx. 187, 195-197. 

portable engine, xvi. 93. 

production, iv. 72, 73, 75, 83-84, 

89; vi. 7, 8, 100-10.) ; xxiv. 242, 243 ; 

xxv. 152, 153, UiO, 161 ; xxviii. 41. 

of iionstone, xxxii. 46. 

])ig-iron, iv. 136. 

pulverizing ores, xxx. 143, 144. 



1 35 tt neq. 
132. 



xvii. 24 



16- 



])um])ing, 

ei «£</. 

— , Newton Cap, xv 

engines, xx. 173. 

(juarrying, xxxiii. 218-219. 

— — railways, xxxiii. 226-228. 

— — raising coal, Derbyshire 
Nottinghamshire, x. 141. 

, South Staffordshire, : 

30, 31, 185 e^ ver/. 

— , Warora, xxxviii. 140. 

by various systems, xxiii. 88. 

— water, xxi. 139. 

repairs to boilers, xx. 51, 63. 

— — Rigg and Meiklujohn coal-cutting 
machine, xxviii. 78, 190-191. 

scroll-drum, xxi. 90. 

seismographs, xxxvii. 67- 

sinking, Gosforth new pit, xxxviii. 

191. 

, Hindley Field, xxix. 246. 

— , Kind-Chaudron system, xxi. 9, 

18. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 93. 

pits, x. 52-53, 76. 

stamping ores, xxx. 140-141, 142. 

steam-pipe coverings, various, xxxi. 

77, 78, 81-82. 
steel bord-end crossings, xxxvii. 

226. 

rail guides, xxxi. abs. 28-29. 

stores, Warora, xxxviii. 162-163. 

— — supports in main roatls of mines, 
xxxvii. 136 et se-q. 

Swan improved electric safety- 
lamp, xxxvi. 7. 

— — Swete electric safety - lamp, 
xxxviii. 17-18. 

Thompson pulverizer, xxxiii. 1)7. 

timber, Belgian mines, xxvii. 180. 

tunnels, Ijridges, and canals, xxxv. 

229. 

Ullswater scheme, xxiv. 53, 56, 58. 

underground haulage, Marley Hill, 

XV. 87-88. 
work, Warora, xxxviii. W^e.t seq., 

144 tt .leq. 

ventilating fans, xix. 6-7. 

Waddle fan, Warora, xxxviii. 112. 

wagonways, x\ii. app. i. 21, 29-30, 

.38-39, 51, 64, 69, 75, 76, 81, 85, 91, 92, 

103-104, 131-132, 137. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



r»i 



Cost of winding-ropes, (Jcrmany, xxxvii. 

ahs. •24.-2(). 

winnings, xv. '2'.iH, 239. 
— wiro-traniway system, xx. 1'2-1,5. 

wood crossings, xxxvii. 227. 

working, vi. 22 ; xxxi. 183-184. 

, coal-cutting machines, xiv. 88- 

89, 116, 128. 

, Hiielva mines, xxxvii. 36. 38. 39. 

, San Pietro mines, xxxiv. I;'j4, 

155, 158. 

— — — , thick and thiu seams, v. 6-7. 
, Waroia, xxxviii. 143-147. 

— sheet of anthracite colliery, xxxi. 184. 
Cottages, pitmen's, rating, xxiii. 131- 

132, 138-139, 148 et .ser/., 158. 
Cotter Heugh crag, firestone, xxiv. 155. 
Cottesmore, Rutland, geological map, 

xxxv. 145. 
— , — , iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 133-135. 

— , — , , analysis, xxxv. 134. 

— , — , , out])ut, xxxv. 135. 

— , — , , section, xxxv. 145. 

Couche du nord coal-seam, xxvii. 172. 
CouLSON, Wm., diamond rork-horiiui, xxx. 

105, 106; xxxi. 40-41. 

— , quoted, x. 243; xi. 148, 244; xii. 
10, 11, 19, 20, 22, 43, 46; xv. 263; 
xxi. 9. 

— , close-topped tubbing in pit-shafts, xi. 
9-17. 

Coulton, smithy, xxxiv. 86. 
Coume borehole, xxviii. 11. 
Council, ex-offirio members, xiv. 7-8 ; 

XV. 76. 
Counterbalancing and expansion applied 

to winding-engines, xx. 205-216; plates 
Ivii.-lxi. ; xxi. 85, 218-220 ; xxv. 201, 

214; plates li.-lix.; xxvi. 64. 

— winding-engines. Dud vveiler, xxvii. 187. 

, Westphalia, xxvii. 196-197. 

Countersinking rivets, xviii. 9. 
Courrieres, mines, xxvii. 274, 275-276. 
CouRRiERES Colliery Co., xxvii. 156- 

157. 
Course of the great whin sill, xxvii. 301 , 

302. 
Coursing air, xxxi. 125. 
Covered Guibal ventilator, Frameries, 

xvi. 13 e/! .sef/. 
Coverings for boilers and steam -pipes, 

non-conducting, xxxii. 35-41, 175-178. 

electric wires, xxxiv. 46-47. 

steam pipes, non-conducting, xxix. 

7-8 et ne<i. ; xxxi. 77-85. 
Cow bay, Nova Scotia, xix. 139, 145-148 ; 

-xxiv. 175-177, 191, 193, 197, 19S ; xxvi. 

55. 
Cowan, David, cut-off slide-valves, xx. 

176. 
— , mineral oil-works, xx. 177-183; 

plates xlix.-lii. 
Cowan, — , quoted, xxi. 44-45. 
CowEN, .HTN., Jos., quoted, xvii. 78. 
Cowpen, coal, xiii. 220. 



Cowpen collieiy, viii. 26. 

, clij) puUijy, xvi. 100. 

— ", lioises, xxxii. ]09. 

— — , plant, xxxvi. 203. 

— --, sectioii, xiii. 200. 

— pit, ii. 276. 
Cowper-eye seam, xxiii. 43. 

CowPER stoves, xiii. 134; xxxiii. abs. 

89. 
Cowpon Marsh, borings, xxxviii. 25. 
Cox, , quoted, viii. 116, 117. 123; ix. 10. 
Cox, S. HERiihKT, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

50; xxxiv. abs. 34; xxxv. 175, 177, 

181, 18.S, 185, 190, 196, 197, 199, 201, 

202, 204, 209. 
Cox (ireen sandstone, xii. 25-26 ; xiii. 

222. 
Cox Hill pit, xix. 156. 
Coxhoe colliery, xv. 240. 
Coxlodge collier}', Boulton and Watt 

engine, xix. 208. 
CoxoN, .James, quoted, xii. 20. 
CoxON, S. B., abntracf.ioii, of explosive yas 

from coal-mines, xviii. 153. 
-, ai)--(ompre>sfiinij machinery Ryhope, 

xxi. 81. 

— , Aitken coke-ovens, xxix. 84. 

— , boiler accidents and their prevention, 

xxix. 99. 
— , Caloio safety -cage, xvi. 28. 
— , electric safety -lamp with Schanschieft' 

battery, xxxvi. 89-92 ; plate xiii. 

— , mechanical stokimj, xviii. 114. 
— , securite, xxxvi. 79-82. 

— , ventihtion of mines, xxvi. 180. 
Crab Rock, xxviii. 137, 138 ; xxxi. 219. 
Crabs, v. 55-56 ; drawing, 57. 
Ci'achet and Picquery colli'.-ries, (Juibal 

fan, xvi. 6, II et sejj., plates i. -iii. 
Crag Lough, xxiv. 85, 88, 89. 
to Willimontswj'ke, xviii. section, 

plate xliii. 
Craggs, John, quoted, xxxiii. 82. 
Crags Hall colliery, ventilating-fans, 

xxvi. 155 et seq. 
Cragtieth sandstone, xiii. 222. 
Craig, — , quoted, viii. 193-194. 
Crak! and Biddhr safety-lamp lock, 

xix. 15-16 ; plate v. 
Crainimoor, section, v. 202. 
Cramlington colliery, xv. 263, 264. 

— to Hartley, section facing viii. 32. 
Ci'amming, educational, xxiv. 41, 42-43. 
Cramfton, — , quoted, xxxii. 13. 
Cr.^mpton furnace, xxvi. 105 e.f seij. 
Cran de retour, xxvii. 147. 
Cranberry or Craneberrv head seam, xix. 

152, 155 ; xxiv. 193. ' 

•-— coal property, xxiv. 179, 183. 

Crat<E, — , quoted, xxxi. 186. 

Crane l)oilers, explosions, xxix. 36. 38,95. 

Cr.^Nston, J. (t., deep boring machine, 

xxx. 263-266; plates xlvi.-xlvii. 
— , pneumatic rock-drill, xxix. 221-225 ; 

plates xliv.-xlv. 



r.KNKltM. I\I)i;X To TH\\SA(T1()N'S. 



135. 



11-2 



Cniw ooal-Ht'iini, li. 14"_' 14.H ; \xx. 1*25; 

xxxvii. 13, 'JO. 
Crawkokd, Tiios., quott'd, XV., '2r)9. 
("KAWFimi), T. W'., r.vprrimeiUs uithronl- 

,1,1st, xxxiv. 300, 304. 305. 
Criiwffinl coiil-seiiiii, section, xxx. '25. 
CniwKy colli MfHiii, xxiv. 179, IH3. 
(.'kkk, , qiiotid, viii. 39-40. 
I'lfo.sutc for lu'iitiii).; boilers, xxiii. 03. 
Creo.s(jtc«l timber, xxxvii. '244. 
Crt'ops ill coal iniiK's, vii. 23, 33 ef scif.; ix. 

18 tt ■<(■<{., 30 >t sf(/. ; xvii. 82, 106 et neq. 
Crotiict'«)-tertiarv series, xxxv. 175, 176, 

179, 180, ! 85,' 186. 
Cretttccous ctmls, xxxiii. abs. 31. 

— ores, XXV. 6'2-64. 

— rocks, gf)M, xxxiii. abs. 62. 
Crktikr, 1)r. H., qiioteil. xxxiv. abs. 43. 
Creusot or Crcuzot, xxxi. 190; xxxvii. 

abs. 31. 
— , iron supports in mines, xxxvii. 

— , Leniielle ventilator, xvi. 64-66. 
— , spherical dam, xxxii. 211-212. 

— and Blanzy, vi. 88. 
Crewe railway shops, xiv. 110. 
Cribbing, Lumpsey shafts, xxxi. II 

plate xvi. 
Cricket steamer, boiler explosion, xxxii. 

193 : plate xxvi. 
Crisp, Geo., litjhtnimj in pit, Tanfield 

Moor, xxx. 34-35. 
Crisi", Tiios., li(/h(nin(f in pit, Tanfield 

Moor, xxx. 33. 
Croft colliery, Whitehaven, section, 

xxxii. 324-.3'25. 

— pit, xxviii. 116; sections, 117, 155. 
Croissille, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 12. 
Cromhall coal-seams, xxvii.. 90, 9 ; 

section, 97. 
Cromtton clockwork lamp, xxxiv. '27, 

38 ; plate vii. 
Crdnk, Jus., sludge-pipe, xi. 217. 
Crone, S. C, hindliKj t ransartioiia, ix. 232. 
— , Brit iih a-ixorinl ion, xii 19. 
— , collection ofmodeln, xvi. 128. 
— , day ofmeetiwj, viii. 178. 
— , gas, Strafford Main colliery, xxv. 05. 
— , gases occluded in coal, xxii. 132, 133, 

136, 137. 
— , Goii-rie mines, xxvi. 61. 
— , longwcdl working, x\'i. 42. 

— , , .4 H?je'»7e.vco//('firy,xxi. 105,109-110. 

— , , East Hetton colliery, xxvi. 67, 68. 

— , mechanical -stoking, xviii. 80, 98. 

— , pillar working in the Northumberland 

and Durham collieries, ix. 16, 17-28. 

29 et seq. 
— , proposed extraordinary meetings, ix. 

54. 
— , quoted, xxxvid. 198-201. 
— , spontaneous comhnstion of coal, xxv. 

127-1'28. 
— , steam-boiler explosions, Seat on Bum, 

xi. 27-56, 207, 208, 213 et seq. 

— , steel -boilers, xxx. 268. 



Crone, S. C, idnning i>/ high niniii ro(d, 

(Jos/orth, xxxviii. 201. 
Crook, coal, cokenuumfacture, ix. 11. 
— , — , mode of working, ix. 32. 
— , coal-sfams, xxxvii. 6. 
— , section near, facing viii. 87. 
Crook liank colliery, haulage experiment, 

iii. 254. 
— , ventilati<»n experiments, vi. 183 

et seq. ; vii. 62, 73, 196*7 seq. 
, winding-engine experiments, v. 

99-102, 1('8-109. 
Crooke incandescent lamp, xxxiv. 42. 
Crookhall ironworks, v. 168. 
Crooks, for attaching tubs, xxix. 72-73. 
Crosby colliery, xxxiii. 128, 45, 146. 

— and Gilcrux collieries, xxxii. 352, 
353 ; sections, 356. 

Crcss, Rev. .1. E., quoted, xxxv. 110. 
Cross Fell, section, xxv. 238 ; xxvi. 48, 

50, 51. 
Cross-heading, ii. 244, 245. 
Crossby colliery, viii. 144-146, 152; xiii. 

87-88. 
Crossfield, xxxiv. 133, 134; section, 136. 
Cro.ssfield Company, xxviii. 114, 131, 

132, 134. 
Crossgates, boring, section, xxxi. 216. 
— , iron-mines, xxxi. 2'22, 225 ; xxxiv. 90, 

92, 93. 
Crossbill limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
Crossley, L. J., quoted, xxxii. 228. 
Crossley, W., quoted, xxi. 254. 
Crocdaoe, — , i. 189. 
Croudace, C. J., Cumberland coal-field, 

xxxiii. 136, 138. 
Crow band coal-seam, xxxiii. 133, 138, 

146; sections, xxxii. 330, 332, 333, 

348, 349. 
Crow-coal, xxxvii. 6, 20. 
Crowgarth iron-mine, xxxiv. 90-91. 
Crowther engine, xxiv. 250 et seq. 
Croxdale colliery, xv. 243. 
Crumbling of Warora coal, xxxviii. 103- 

104. 
Crummock colliery, xxxiv. 111. 
Crushing, resistance of materials, ix. 178 

et .seq. 

— ores, xxx. 135. 

— load, coke, xix. 88. 

, variovis coals, xix. 87. 

Crustacea, Formosa, xxxiv. 82. 
Cryj)tomorphite, analysis, xxx. 60. 
Crystal palace, pneumatic railway, xxiii. 

90. 
Crystallized gold, xxxv. 93. 
Crystals of native gold, xxxi. 15,9. 
Cubangui river, gold (?), xxxvii. abs. 63. 
Cuiller, Kind-Chaudron system, xxx. 

46. 
Cullercoats, xv. 191, 200. 
CuLLEY, G., AND J. Bailey, quoted, 

xxxvii. 9. 
Culvert, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 258-259. 
Cumberland, boring, xxx. 97. 103, 105. 



VOLUMES 1. TO XXXVI II. 



Cumberland, carboniferous, xxxiv. 125- 

137 ; plates xiii.-xviii. 
— , coal-fields, viii. 141-lGO; ix. 69; xix. 

114-122; xxxiii. 121-148; plates v. -vii. 
— , , structure, xxxii. 319-3G1; plates 

xxxii.-xxxvi. 
— , extension of northern coal-field, xiii. 

87-89, 166, 202-203. 
— , geology of, ix. 51-52, 54-55. 

— , part of, xi. 65 tt .s-e*/. 

— , haematite, iv. 59 ; xiii. 146. 

— , — mines, Cranston rock-drill, xxix. 

224. 
— , history of mining, xxxiv. 83-124. 
— , West, htematite-deposita, xxviii. H 9- 

154, 219-234 ; plates xviii. - xxxiii., 

xxxix.; XXX. 27-30, 113-118. 
CuMENGE, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 55 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 20. 
CuMMiNGS, C. L., bi-eccia gashes and earth 

shakes, xxxiii. I74. 
Cunsey forge, xxxiv. 89. 
Cup-valve, hydraulic, xx. 182; plate lii. 
Curbs or cribs, use of, xxxv. abs. 53-54. 
Curly cannel, xix. 77, 78, 80, 81 ; xxvi. 

30. 
CuRR, John, copy of Coal Viewer pre- 
sented, xxxi. 49. 
Curriculum of proposed college, i. 218 ; 

iv. 27-28. 
Curry, John, Hetton colliery explosion, 

ix. 102-103. 
CuRTER, Prof. V., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

58, 59. 
CuRTEK safety-lamp, xxxiii. abs. 58. 
Curtis, J. S., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 31. 
Curved vanes, ventilating fans, xix. 6, 7- 



CuKWKN, Jno. C, quoted, xxxiii. 125; 

xxxiv. 107, 109, 110. 
Cusel strata, xxviii. 15, 05. 
CuTH HERTS, ~, (juoteil, lii. app. (i. 
Cut-off apparatus for winding o;i^iiie8, 

XXV. 205-207, 208 tt. se<i. ; xxix. 5. 

— — slide-valves, xx. 175-170; plate 
xlvii. 

Cut-outs for arc-lamps, automatic, xxxiv. 

55-56. 
Cutter, Kind-Chaudron boring, xx. 190- 

191 ; plates liv.-lv. 
Cutting and bruising horses' provender, 

xxxii. 86-87, 163 tl st(j. 
CuvELiER lock for safety-lamps, xxxvi. 

51-54; plates vii. -viii.; xxxvii. abs. 1. 
CuYPER, Geo. de, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 33, 

80. 
Cwni Avon colliery, 'i'aibacii, Struvc 

ventilator, xxx. 282-283. 
Bychan, xxxvi. 106, 110, 112, 113. 
Cwm-y-Afon, xxxvi. 109, section 118. 
Cwmaman collieries, stables, xxxii. 96; 

plate xii. 

— Valley anthracite, xxxi. 189. 
Cwmsaerbran, Brunton ventilator, xix., 

plate xiii. 
Cycadacea, xxx. 19. 
Cylinder water-gauge, iv. 42. 
Cylindrical dams, internal stress, xxxii. 

201-213, 221-222. 
Cylinders, jacketing, xxiv. 124-126. 

— - for pumping-engines, xxiii. 3 ; plate ii. 
Cymmer colliery, electric-lighting xxxiv., 

52. 
CzvszKowsKi, Stephen, quoted, xxxiv. 
abs. 33. 



D'Allest, J., quoted, xxxv. abs. 22. 
D'AousT, ViRLET, quoted, xxxv. abs. 34, 

35. 
D'Halloy, D'Omalius, quoted, xxiii. 98, 

99. 
D'Oeynhausen, — , quoted, x. 199. 
— , slide, ii. 59. 

Dade silicate cotton, xxxii. 35 et s>q. 
Daddow, Harvies, quoted, xxv. 153. 
Daglish, John, Abbot sajyi/Jamp, xi. 

160. 
— , application of counterbalancing and 

expansion to winding-engines, xxv. 201- 

207, 208 et s,q. ; plates li.-lvii. 
— , barometers and thermometers, xxxiv. 

142. 

— , bindintj of Tranjiactions, ix. 232. 

- , boiler explosions, xi. 216 ; xxxii. 218. 
— , Bowlker rentilatiiig fan , xxxii. 26, 28. 
— , breccia (/ashes and earth shakes, xxxiii. 

174, 176.' 
— , British association, xii. 91. 
— , Broadbent safety-caiie, xvi. .SI, 33- 

34, 87, 88, 128. 



Daglish, John, Burnett minimj wedijt and 

nicking machine, xxxiv. 198 ; xxxv. 

101. 
— , calorific value of round and small 

coals, iv. 283. 
— , Calow safety -cage, xvi. 28, 29. 
— , Carboniferous rocks, Cnnibtr.'and and 

Furness, xxxiv. 136, 137. 

, cement ira/ling, ix. 69, 147, 149. 
— , classification of the Carlionit'i rous, xiv. 

35. 
— , close-topped tubbing, xii. 22. 
— , coal-cutting machines, xii. 63-6", 78; 

xiv. I 17 ef strj. 
~, coat-mininif, Nen' ZeaJand, xxxv. 

219-220. 
— , coke -manufacture, xxii. 20. 
— , compres^ed-aii" plant, Belgian 

collieries, xxi. 199-217, 218 *' sen.; 

plate xxxiii. ; xxii. 20, 30-36, 72-79. 
— , construction of ventilating furnaces, 

ix. 131-140. 
— , convevance of coal underground, xvi. 

49-50, 53-56, 89 tt stq. 



:)4 



GENEH.\1. I.N'DKX TO Tll.VNSACTIONS. 



l)Aiii.i-^ii, John, countcTlmliiiiciiig of 
wiiuliiie-engiiivs, xx. 'JUo-'Jl'J, "ilS tl 
«</. ,• pTuteH Ivii.-lxi. ; xxvi. G4. 
, Cuiiil>ti/iiii(l cixt/fit/il, xxxii. Sol), .SOI; 
xxxiii. 137. 

— , IhfiHih and Ford mfUy-lnmp, xvii. 
3vS, 40. 

.-, lulnirdtor, xxv. 217 ; pliite Ix. 

— , »/'«!/ niid.honr o/ innHiiiji, xi. --.'). 

— , ilestniotive uctioii of furnacc-gascs ill 

upcu8t shafts, xi. 19-'J() ; xii. 2.'), '26. 
■ , Ouiiijlittf xnl\ty-litmi>, xxxv. 6". 

— , inrlh trtmoiM, xxxiv. 169, 172. 
, t/r,tnr-li<jh/liiii, xxxiv. GM. 

■ — , tx-offiriu nil mill IS o/cmiuci/, xiv. 1. 
— , I xiiiiiliiiitiiuis, xxiv. 4.'i. 
— , L-x|>aiisiuii gearing for winiling-eu- 
giiiea, xxix. 8-5, G ; plate i. 

- , experiments on strength of ropes 
anil chains, vii. 211-217. 

— , — with coal-dust, xxxiv. 245, 250 

tt neq. 
— , txjifo'iioii of uir-rtctirer, Hyhopt, 

xxxvii. 21"), 21G. 
— , I j-lrit\ioii of cijiil-mtfiMures, xiii. 20.S. 
-./tile nit ion o/ iin'uiiii/ iii.stUnt^'i, xxxvii. 
155, 167-169, nOtf'seq. 
-, flit and chokt-damp huiicators, xv. 
16.3, 164. 

- ,j'iiqutncy of mill I iiifx, v'lW. 178. 
— , Furni.is hiimiUitf, xxxi. 2.S7. 

--, j/fw, Strafford mnin roll i< ry, xvii. 59. 

— , ijnuztkss .sdfity.lamp, xxxvii. 72. 

— , f]iolo(iy of northtru roal-fitid, xiii. 44, 

45, 46! 
— , Gnihal rtntilator, Frameries, xvi. 

7, 8, 10. 
— , Ilnrtlmj colliery uccidtnt, xii. 9. 
— , heating and economic values of coals, 

iv. 283-285. 
— , JIttton colliery explosion, ix. 116-122, 

164 el xeq. 
— , — nafety-lamp experiments, xvii. 2. 

, improvements in construction of water- 
gauge, XV. 103-105. 
— , injurious action on iron in upcast 

shafts, viii. 179-180. 
— , initilutt txcursioii, 1S8G, xxxv. 1-2. 
— , inlnution of the Whin .sill, xxvii. 80. 
— , joint committee on mechanical veutila- 

torM, xxxvii. 181 et seq. 
— ,Kind-Chaudron horiuij system, XX. 201. 
— , Ltmiell'i nntHutor, xviii. 59, 60. 
- ■, lightning, Kimbleswoilh colliei'y,xxx. 

129-130 ; plate xxix. 
— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 23-31, 

158. 

, louijnall icorkinij, En-sl Helton colliery, 

xxv. 2.58. 
— , loKsoflife in coal -mints, xxxv. 78, 10). 
— , strength in iron wire when 

heated, viii. 181-184. 
— , lov main seam, viii. 106. 
— , muifnesian limtxtone, xiii. 201, 202; 

xiv. 30-34. 



I>A<;i.isii, Jdiin, magneuiaii liinestone, 

Durham, xiii. 205-213. 
-, muriiii .tnijini'-s, xxiv. 2G0-2til. 
— . Mar-saiit Maftti/-lamp, xxxiv. 165, IGO, 

167. 
— , MiddliMhro' saJt, xiii. 94. 

, minerals and salts found in coal-pits, 

xiii. 219--J2G. 

, miniuij rolltgc, xi. 222. 
— , Monlcwtarmouth collieiy-ixjAonion, ix. 

251. 

- , new application of water-gauge, xvii. 
27-29, 41-42. 

, neu> thermometer indicator, xxxiv. 

142. 
— , Newcastle water .supj)ly, xxiv. 54. 
— , Nora Scotian iron-ons, xxvi. 88. 
— , ohservation.s at Seaham colliery durinij 

sealinq np of maiullin seam, xxxii. 

311. 
' , oil on n-ir< -i/auze, xvi. 91. 
— , paradoxes in ventilation, xii. 85, 93- 

143 ; xiii. 8 et neq., 14. 

- , I'ernolet and Ayuitlon'fi report, xxxi. 
2:J-29. 

— , pillar worliinij, ix. 29, 31. 

— , presents photographs, vii. 181. 

--, presidential address, xxxv. 223-244, 

245. 
— , presidential address, Sir Lowthian 

Bell, xxxvi. 164-165. 

- , , John Marley, xxxviii. 45-46. 

— , Prussian reijniations for manm/ement 

of fiery -mines, xxxv. 171-172. 
— , quoted, vii. 110, 147 ; x. 15; xii. 186, 

189, 200, 204, 205, 206, 207 ; xxxvii. 

16, 95 ; xxxviii. 42. 
— , Reuniaux method of cleaning coal, 

Lens, xxvi. 139-140, 141, 142 ; plate xxi. 

, report on Lindley and Hutton collec- 
tion, xxv. 1-3. 
— , round and small coal compared, v. 10, 

11. 
— , Routl(d<ii'-.Johnson safety-lamp, xxxiv. 

188-189, 190. 
— , safety-caijis, viii. 7, 8 ; x. 93 et .seq. 
— , safety -I amps, xii. 75. 

^, and shot-firinij, xxiv. 170. 

— , shrinkage of paper , xxxiv. 181 ; xxxv. 

45, 46. 
— , signals on engine- planes, xxiv. 167- 

- , South Wales anthracite, xxxi. 194. 

— , spontaneous combustion of coal, x. 178; 
xxv. 119-120. 

— , Stephenson bequest, xii. 12. 
— , stythe, xxxvi. 9. 

— , Swan electric safety-lamp, xxxv. 54- 

55, 62, 63. 
— , tail-rope committee's report, xviii. 73, 

76-77 et seq. 
— , technical education, xvii. 102, 104 ; 

xviii. 6. 
— , testing of safety -lamps, xxxv. 43, 44. 
— , Transylvanian gold-mining, xxxv. 93, 

94-95. 



J 



Volumes i. to xxxvin. 



55 



Daolish, John, /r(iii.wii.ssiou of power hi/ 

steam, xxxv. 165, 166. 
— , tinderi/roiiiid coiimyancty Pdton, xvi. 

101 et.ivq., 127. 
— , velocities of air currents in mines, x. 

207-239, 242, 251. 
— , ventilatiiuj farnacdK, ix. 70, 71, 131-14;), 

156 et aeq. 
— , rentilatioH, Seaham, xvi. 51. 
--, — of mines, vii. 192, 194; xxvii. 

179, l"80. 
— , — — underground boilers, xii. 78, 

79-84 ; xiii. 3 at seq. 
— , vote of thanks to Sir Lowthian licjl, 

xxxvii. 259-260. 
— , Whitehaven, collieries, xxxii. 367. 
— , wire ropes and chains, viii. 13 et seq. 
— , working and ventilation of coal-mines, 

vii. 39, 59. 
Dahlbusch, Westphalia, tubbing, xx. 

plate Ivi. 
Dahme borehole, xxvii. 38. 
Daily Mail, extracts, xxi. 27-29. 

— Telegraph, extract, xxv. 9-10. 
Daix, v., reception of visitors, xxxvi. 

160-163. 
Dakota, gold, xxxiii. abs. 25. 

- , tin, xxxiv. abs. 43-44. 
Dale Moor ironstone, x. 120. 
Dallison, Thos. , Lundhill colliery explo- 
sion, V. 240. 

Dalmatia, •lignite, xxxiii. abs. 34. 

Dalton, John, quoted, iii. 179 et seq. 

Dalton and Co., quoted, app. 6, iii. 

Dalton colliery, xv. 239. 

Daltonganj, Hindostan, xxxii. 149, 150. 

— , — , coal, xxxii. 152, 153. 

— , — , coal-field, xxxii. 149-154 ; plate 

xiii. 
Damage sustained by Ryhope air-receiver, 

xxxvii. 200-202. 
Damascened structure, xxxiv. 159. 
Damming, South Staffordshire, x. 190. 
Dams, construction of, xxxv. abs. 5-6. 
— , cylindrical and spherical, internal 

stress, xxxii. 201-213, 221-222. 
Dana, — , quoted, vi. 28. 
Danaite, xxxii. abs. 1. 
Dandot colliery, xxxviii. 158. 
Danger attending use of liglit mineral 

oils for lubricating air-compressing 

machinery, xxxviii. 3-12. 

— of sparks from prickers and stemmers, 
xxxiii. 3-12, 61-62. 

Dangerous gases, apparatus for ex])loring, 
xxiv. 129-130. 

Dangers attending use of electric appar- 
atus, xxxiv. 15-17. 

Daniel, Prof. -, quoted, xi. 20-21. 

Daniel \Vm., centrijnqal and other ven- 
tilators, xxvii. 112-113. 

- , quoted, xxvi. 154, 155, 163 et seq. 
Danks, — , quoted, xxii. 46-47. 
Danson, T. J., Schmitt rerolrinn s/,iral 

screen, xxviii. 208-209. 



Darcy, — , talde for iron pipeH, xxxi. 

aba. 30, 
Darley Mill Close miiiu, explosion, 

xxxviii. 59-60. 
Daulinoton, — , quoted, i. 06 et seq. 
Darlin(jton, Jame.s, Dtrttyshire coal- 

field, X. 139. 

-■-, spontaneous r.omhustion. of coal, x. 

167, 180. 
DAHMNaxoN, Joseph, quoted, xxv. 241. 
Darlin(;ton, Ralph, (juoted, xxv. 240. 
Darlington, Albert Hill ironworks, v. 213. 
Darwin, G., (juoted, xxxiii. 180. 
Dates of meeting, viii. 178. 
Daui'.ree, Prof. A., quoted, xxvii. 281 ; 

xxxi. abs. 14 ; xxx\'iii. 62. 
Daubuisson, — , quoted, iii. 'Set seq.; iv. 

19. 
Daussin automatic feeding pump, 

xxxvii. abs. (i8. 
Davey, Henry, differential expansive 

pumpingengine, xxiii. 3-8, 9-11 et seq., 

and plates i-ix. 
David, T. W. Edgewortii, quoted, 

XX. \ vii. abs. 35. 
David's coal-seam, xxiv. 178, 183. 
Davidson, Jas., quoted, xxviii. 136. 
Da VIES, D., quoted, xxxiv. 117. 
Davies coal-cutting machine, xix. 59-62 ; 

plates xi. -xiv. 
Davis circumferentor, xx. 24. 
Davison, A., Hartley colliery accident, 

xii. 12-15. 
Davison, Geo., Hetton colliery explosion, 

ix. 110-113. 
Davison, Easton and Co., quoted, iii. 

app. 8. 
Davison engine, ix. 93, 94, 9(5. 
Davison's Hartley coal, tested at Key- 
ham, xiv. 60 et seq. ; plates xxxii., 

xxxiv. -xxxvi. , xlvii. , Iii., Iv., Iviii. -lix., 

Ixi. -Ixiv., Ixvi. 
Davy, M., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 7- 
Davy, Sir Humphry, quoted, iii. 46-47 ; 

iv. 104-105 ; viii. 45-47 ; xii. 72, 73 ; 

XV. 223-225 : xxxv. 3, 4. 
— , safetj^-lamp, i. 305 et str/. ; ii. 52 

et seq. ; x. 18-19 ; xxiii. 16 et stq. ; 

XXX. 157; xxxiii. abs. 39; xxxvii. 156. 
— , — — , effects of shot-firing, xxiv. 

168 et se.q. 
— , , experiments with, xv. 101, 102, 

145 ; xvii. 2, 12-19, 39; xxix. 119: 

plate, xiv. ; xxix. 142, 143, 145 </ 

seq. ; xxxiv. 236 et seq. : xxxviii. 37, 

71, 177. 
— , , height of fiame-caj), xxxviii. 

181 ; plate vi. 

— , , objections to, x. 142, 143. 

— , , used in pilUir working, ix. 26- 

27. 
Davy's head coal-seam, xxiv. 177, 183. 

189, 194, 195. 
Dawkins, Puof. W. Boyd, quoted, xxxii. 

4. 



66 



OKNEUAL INDIX TO TRAXSACTIO.VS. 



ruw8*)s. Dr., quoted, ii. 97 : xxvii. '2.S6 ; 

<xx. M, 54, 51, G'2, 07 ; xxxi. 1;V2, 153, 

155. 
DawsoN, SiK Wm., iiuuteil, xix. 114, 117, 

1-20, 13.1, 13«, 151, 158, 1G3; xxiv. 173, 

178, 18-2; xxvi. 76, 80, S3. 
Day. — , tditradou of minimj mijiiieerit, 

xxi. 3637. 
D.\Y, St. ^ ohv v., adrnntaijis of mechan- 

inil nnfi/dfinii, xix. 236. 
))ay8 of meeting, i. ^'OT-'JOS, '269; xi. 

'i2o; xiv. 136: xvi. 1'27, 132. 
-, vote on, V. 64, '2*28. 
De Heere <liiimonil mine, xxxiii. abs. 4'2 ; 

XXXV. iiks. IS. 19. 
Dk I'.KRCNK & CoMi'.\NV, cjuoted, xxxvii. 

•>.>■■) 

De Kiuip Valley gold-fields, xxxviii. 171- 
175 : plates ix.-x. 

Dk Mkkitkns alternating-current ma- 
chine, xxxiv. IS ; i)late v. 

De Rossi seismograph, xxxvii. 59 ; 
plate xi. 

Dead bodies, precautions to be observed 
in removal, v. '26'2-264. 
coal-measures, xxxviii. 201. 

Deading, cost of, iv 198, 199. 

Deads, xviii. 175. 

Dkan Lake, inaugural address, College 
i>f Science, xxi. end of. 

Dean Moor collieries, xxxiv. 106. 

Deans and Moore, quoted, xxviii. lS9t/ 

SHI, 

Dearham, viii. 151 ; xxxiii. 123, 126. 
collieries, xxxiv. 110, 111, 112; sec- 
tions, xxxii. 333-334, 35fi. 

Death of Georbe Stei-henson, viii. 73. 

Robert Stei-henson, viii. 80. 

T. K. Harrison, xxxvii. 132-133. 

Deaths from explosion, xii. 1S5, 186. 

De-bituminization of coal, xxxi. 193-195. 

Dei!R.\t, - , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 23. 

Deceased members, x. 22-2.'^. 

Decker, Feku. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 78. 

Decomposition of steam, xxxii. 199 ; 
plate xxix. 

surface rocks, xxx. 7. 

water, boiler explosions, iv. 116- 

118. 

Decrease of ventilation, iv. 154-155. 

Dee gold mine, Queensland, xxxv. abs. 
26. 

l^eep and rise workings, ventilation, iii. 
.'•67-369 

— boring-machine, Cranston, xxx. 261- 
266 ; plates xlvi. -xlvii. 

coal-seam, Canada, section and 
analyses, xxvii. 231. 

— Duffrvn collier}-, Mountain Ash Nixon 
ventilator, xxx 280-282. 

— hard coal seam, Cinderhill, Xotting- 
ham, X. 149, 150. 

— mines, working of, vii. 16, 17. 

— river coal, analyses, xxxv. abs. 25. 

— shafts, xxxv. 226. 



Deep soft coal-seam, Cinderhill, Netting- j 
ham, X. 149, l.'>0. I 

— working.s, longwall, xix. 27-39 ; ■ 
plates ix.-x. 

Decpdale limestone, xxxii. 49-50. 

, analyses, xxxii. 50. 
Deepening shafts, xxxvii. abs. 58. 
Deepest part of northern coal-Held, iii. 6 

.f.s,,,. 

Deer Creek coal, analysis, xxxv. abs. 42. 

— Park mines, xxvii. 133, 13S-1.S9 ; plan, 
xxvii. 137 ; section, xxvii. 137. 

Dees. K. R., quoted, xxi. 289; xxii. 23. 
Deficiencies of Belgian system, iv. 304. 
Definition of anthracite, xxxi. 175-176. 
Dkcoiskk, —, quoted, ii. .')9, 62 ; x. 199 ; 

xxix. 2.35, 2.37 ; xxx. 83. 
Delaval, new colliery, plant, xxxvi. 202. 
Delaware and Hudson Canal Co., xiii. 

28.29. J 

Deleterious gases, ii. S-'O, 12 el neq. ; vii. ^ 

80 >■* -sir/. 

, coal-mines, iii. 40, 42, 45. 

, detection, xxxviii. abs. 68. 

, Hartley colliery, xi. 149 et seq. : 

xii. 8 tt stq. 
Deligny, — , quoted, xxxvii. 34. 
Delvaux, E., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 36. 
Demanet, Ch., quoted, xxxi. abs. 28; 

xxxiii. abs. 66. 
Dem.^net-Mueseler safety-lamp, xxix. 

123-124, 129 ; plates xv., xviii. 
Demeire, a., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 40. 
Denain, Lemielle ventilator, xvi. 79-81. 
iron and steelworks, xxvii. 257-263, 

272273 ; plate xxx. 
Denavrouze apparatus for exploring 

dangerous gases, xxiv. 129-1.30. 
Denbighshire, coal-field, xxv. 85-86, 95- 

96. 
— , collieries, list of, xxv. 96. 
— , metalliferous mines, list, xxv. 93. » 

Dennewitz coal-seam section, xx\aii. 63. 
Density, in air of mines, changes, iv. 9 

etseq. ; vii. 115-126, 129-131, \34etseq. 

— of intake and return currents, vii. 
75-76, 187 et ,stq. 

the earth, iii. 58-59 ; xv. 249. 

Denton, — , disengaging-hook, xix. app. 

i. 15 ; plate .xvi. 
Denton and Whitaker safety-cage, 

xix. app. i. -10 ; plate ix. 
Denton colliery, xv. 207. 
- district, seams, xxxvii. 7- 

low low-main coal-seam, xxxviii. 196. 
Denudation, xi. 85-88 ; xiii. 71, 72, 75-79, 

81-84; xxx. 5, 6, 64; xxxi. 153, 156. 
Deuwick, Big coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Departmental use of coal, France, vi. 85, 

89. 
Deposit, in pipes connected with Ryhope 

air-receiver, xxxvii. 199-200. 
Deposition of coal-measures, x. 11. 
Deprez, J., quoted, xxxii. abs. 28, 82. 
Dkprez, Marcel, quoted, xxxiv. 15, 24. 



VOUMKS i. TO XXXVtit. 



67 



Depth of borings, ii. 58 et .seq.; xxiii. 
186-187. 

mines, xviii. 177. 

oil wells, XXV. 158, 171, 172-173. 

river Tyne, xxxv. 232. 

— — I'ivers and harbours, x. 65. 

shafts, ii. 279 ; xxvii. 21, 22 ; xxviii. 

44-55. 

working!?, iv. 291, 294, 301. 

Deputy's safety-lamp, experiments with, 

xxxix. 119; plate xiv. 
Derbyshire, gas coal, calorific value, xvii. 

72. 
— , lead-mines, gas, xxxviii. 59, 67, 69. 
— , section, xxv. 238. 

— and Nottinghamsiiire coal-fields, maps, 
x. facing 117, 150; section facing 119. 

— — , progress of coal-mining, 

X. 117-127, 137 et seq. 
, longwall working, x. 127- 

131, 137 et mq. 
Derivation of word jet, xxxi. 51, 57. 
Derlen, section, xxviii 65. 
Des Rosiers coal-mine, accident, xxxiii. 

abs. 101. 
Desailly, L., quoted, xxxv. abs. 69, 72. 
Desbikf, p., quoted, xxxv. abs. 2. 
Desilverization of lead, xiii. 197. 
Destructive action of furnace gases in 

upcast shafts, x. 19-26 ; xii. 25-27. 
Desulphurization of coke, ix. 41-43, 46-47, 

50-51 ; xxii. 10-11, 90. 
Desvres, section, xxv. 77, 78. 
Detaching-hooks, xxvii. 55. 

, Walker, xxiv. 35-37 ; plate xii. 

Detection and measurement of inflam- 
mable gas, xxviii. 167-170 ; plate 

xxxiv. 

— of fire-dainp, xxxvi. 6-7, 73-77 ; plate 
xii. ; xxxvii abs. 45. 

— ■ — gas, in mines, xxxiv. 285-286 ; plate 

xl. 

, instruments for, xxix. 171-175. 

inflammable gas, xxvii. 65-70, 287- 

294 ; plate xxxix. 

— — — — in small quantities, xxvi. 
133-137 ; plate xx. 

noxious gases, apparatus for, xxxviii. 

abs. 68. 

Detei'mination of specific gravity, rapid, 
xxxvi. 95-98 ; plate xiv. 

Deutscher Kaiser pit, Westphalia, coal- 
dust, xxxiv. 206, 207. 

Development of coal-field, xxiii. 231-232. 

mining, iv. 299. 

railways, xxxiii. abs. 83. 

Rosedale iron-mines, xxxii. 45-49. 

Devereux, W. p., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 
25 ; xxxiv. abs. 26. 

Devisme, p.. safetj'-lamp lock, xiii. 2-3. 

Devonian rocks, xi. 122 ; xiv. 17, 19-21 ; 
xxvi. 73, 75, 76. 

Dewalque. G., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 37, 76, 
78 ; xxxvi. 105. 

Dewey, F. P., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 23,25. 



Diagonaler pfeilerbau, xxviii. 38-39. 

Diagrammatic section of the Bristol coal- 
field, xxvii. 97. 

Dial, miner's, xx. 23 «t wt/. 

Diameter of boilers, xi. '214. 

Diamond-bearing pegmatite, xxxvi. abs. 
37. 

Diamond borer, xviii. 178-179; xxxi. 
138-1,39 ; xxxiii. abs. 7, 90; xxxiv. 99. 

— coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— coal-seam, ix. 224. 

— deposits, Brazil, xxxiv. abs. 38, 45. 
■, South Africa, xxxiii. abs. 41, 48. 

drill, xxiii. 179-18.3, 1S8-196; xxxv. 
224, 225; plates xxxvi. -xl. 

— fields. South Afi'ica, xxxii. abs. 5. 

— mines, details of, xxxv. aba. 17- J 9. 

— production, South Africa, xxxvii. 
abs. 7. 

— rock-boring, xxx. S3, 84 et seq., 93- 
10() ; xxxi. 40-47. 

Diamond Rock Borinc; Company, xxiii. 

187. 
Diamond vein, anthracite seam, xxxi. 179. 
Diamonds, Brazilian, xxxiii. alss. 29. 
Dicido hydraulic lime, xxxiii. 205. 
Dick, A., quoted, xxiii. 211, 212. 
Dickinson, Joseph, i. 64 et seq.; ii. 200, 

202 ; iv. 303. 
— , anemometer, ii. 82-83 ; x. 208, 237- 

239, 241 ; xxvii. 121. 
-, — used in safety-lamp experiments, 

xvii. 4, 16. 
— , coal-cutfinq machines, xiv. 120. 
— , direct -actiiKj piwiping and windimj- 

tiKjines, XV. 30 et .seq. 
— , end/ess chains and tail-ropes committee, 

xiv. 113 et seq., 134. 
— , friction of anemometers, x. 241, 242. 
— , Hetlon colliery explosion, ix. 128-129. 
— , improred irater-gaiiqes, xv. 104-105. 
— , leading features of Lancashire coal- 
field, XV. 13-15, 16, 17. 
— , safety -cages, x. 94 et seq. ; x v. 115, 1)6. 
— , spontaneous combustion of coal, x. 179- 

180. 
— , tail-ropes, xv. 92-94 et seq. 
--, centilat on of mines, vii. 192-193. 
Dickinson, U. E., quoted, xxix. 148, l.)4. 
Dieukafait, — , quoted, xxxv. abs. 42. 
Dii'ves, xxvii. 144. 
Dillerence between statical and (h'uami- 

cal pressure, xxi. 49-58, 64-66, 91-103 ; 

plates iv.-ix. 
Difl'erent systems of opening bridge.-^, 

xxii. 61-72; xv-xix. 36. 
Differential barometer, iii. 168 it siq. 

— expansive pumping-engine, xxiii. 3- 
13 ; plates i.-ix 

— valve-gear, xxvi. 146. 

— water-gauge, iii. 168. 

Difficulties in Parliament, viii. 58, 59, 60, 
61. 

— of federation, xxxvi. 170, 173, 174. 
Digby Neck, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 72, 



6« 



OENKKAl. INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Dillv WLiglit, ix. '2:t.'2ii, :V2. 

l)il.sl>iii>{ c<Mil-wiiiii, m-oti<«ii, xxviii. 05. 

DiiiuiiMiiuiH hikI piiwi ts of siiijiK'-cylimlor 
■ litU'ifiiliiil i'Xi»iin.Hivf |iiuii|)iiij,'-i'iigiut'8, 
xxiii. ."> ; of lounHmiul, xxiii. (i. 

— ni IVmiii linlf, xxvii. 131, VX.\. 
Diiuiiit coal Itiisin, xxvii. U.'), 14(i. 
DiNiiKY |iulvirizor, xxx. I4'J; phitu 

xxxiii. 
DlsoiKK, -, <|U<)Uil, xxxvii. iihs. 71. 
Dioiitic <lykt'.s, xxxi. ir)M. 
Dip, wi.rkiiit! to, x. l.S8-i;W. 

luiil ri.so workings, ventilivtion, ii. 31 ; 

iii. .'UJT. 

— of coal iiiuosiircs in nortlici ii coiil-fielil, 
iii. a ft s/f/. 

CunilH-M-lund coal measures, xxxii. 
35*2..S.-|.S. 

— trouble, Polton, iii. 34 tt snj. 

— workings, physical state of air in, iv. 
'2r2r2 >t .s,7/. 

, pumping water from, xxi. 159- 

160 : plate xxxii. 
Dipliwys, xxxvi. 100, 111-113. 
Dipton colliery, pillar working, ix. Hi, 

18-'J0, "21 '/ -^7. , 33 ; plans anil section 

facing 18, 20. 
Uiputacion railway, xxxiii. 226-227. 
1)|K(K anti-ex])losivi' a])paratiis, iv. 40. 
Direct-acting force-puni])S, xxi. 56-58. 
pumj»ing and winding-engines, xv. 

19-42, 121-127, 140-143, 157-161, 294- 

299; plates i.-vii., xxii.-xxiv. 

engine, xix. 212-213; plate xxxviii. 

spring safety-valve, xxi. 285-286 ; 

plate xlvi. 

— current machines, xxxiv. 8-17 ; plates 
i.-v. 

Direction of dykes, xxxvi. 103-104. 

manganese lodes, xxxvi. 104. 

veins, xix. 105-106. 

Dirt beds, xxxv. 13, 14, 15. 

— liill.s, Canada, coal, analysis, xxvii. 237. 
Dirty habits of native pitmen, Warora. 

xxxviii. 118. 

— seam, New South Wales, vi. 39, 40. 
Discharge of water through pipes, iii. 

216-217. 
Discipline of Belgian colliers, xxxiv. 275. 
Disco antinacite, ii. 283. 
Disconnecting-hooks, xix. app. i. 12-17 ; 

plate.s xiv. -xvii. 

, Ormerod, xx. 81. 

Discovery of ironstone, v. 169-177. 
Discussion of papers, iii. 56, 233 ; v. 4-5, 

8, 226-227; xi. 139-140 ; xvi. 42-43, 131. 
Disengaging-catch, for safety-cages, x. 

83-96. 
DLsii-like h:ematite deposits, xxviii. 129- 

1.30; section, 155; xxxi. 221-222; 

figures, 237. 
Disinfecting powder, McDougall, v. 263, 

265. 
Dislocations, faults, xviii. 164-165, 166, 

168 ; XXV. 23-27, 104-106. 



Displacement ventilating nuichinos, xxvii. 

101-102, 107. 
Dissolution tlieory, xxiii. 101, 105-106. 
Distant indicators, ap]>aratus for reading, 

xxxviii. 72-73. 
Distillation products of coal, xxxv. 238. 
Diittilling a|>paratu8, Almaden, xxxii. 

abs. 50. 
Distington collieries, xxxiv. 110, 1.33. 

limestone, xxxii. 352, 354. 
Distribution of air in mines, vi. 163. 

— — workings, xxxi. 125. 
-- — coal in Britain, iv. 96-99. 

— Indian coal, xxxviii. 155, I6l-I('t2. 
internal friction in engines, xxxviii. 

abs. 36. 

Warora coal, xxxviii. 155-156 

Disturbances of earth's gravity, xxxiii. 

180. 
Disuse of gunpowder, xviii. 25-26. 

DlTT.MAK, I'KOF., quoted, xxix. 171. 

Diversion of funds, ix. 252. 

Divisibility of incandescent electric-light, 

xxx. 151. 
Division of air currents in mines, iii. 129 ; 

vi. 182. 

- — labour, xxiii. 225-227 ; xxvi. 65- 
66. 

Dixon, D. W., quoted, xxxvi. 70. 

Dixon, J no., quoted, xv. 264. 

Dixon, J. S., Cuinhtrland coal-fitid, 

xxxii. 360. 
— , n^rifitioii of risitof^, xxxvi. 164. 
Dixon, Rokert, coke-ovens, ix. 35, IIS. 
Dixon xsu Bkeckon, coke-oven, xxii. 8. 
Dobson, Samuel, (juoted, iii. 364 ; v. 9. 
Dock acconnnodation, South W ales, 

xxiii. 2.%, 237, 241, 242. 
Docks, Nortiiern coal- Held, ii. 186. 
Doddington dyke, ix. 192. 
DoDD, Michael, tran.ttiiii.'iioii of power ht/ 

■sfcdiii, xxxvi. 28. 
DouD, Miss, quoted, xxv. 6. 
I -ODDS, Jos., Bturadon co!/ieri/-exp/o.siuii; 

viii. 168. 
DoDDS, Ralph, quoted, viii. 40 ; xxxviii. 

195. 
Dogger series, xxxv. 113, 124, 125, 127, 

128. 
Doggies, overlookers, x. 191, 192. 
Dogtooth rake ironstone, x. 119. 
Dolerite dykes, xx. 149. 
Dolley tub, xxvii. 21. 
Dollying, xxvii. 21. 
Dolomitic conglomerate, xxvii. 89. 
Doman coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 57. 
DoMBRE, Louis, notes on coal-dust ex- 
plosions, xxix. 17-19. 
Domestic consumption, xxii. 42-43. 
— , saddle, or heating boilers, explosions, 

xxix. 36, 39. 
DoNESTHOKi'E, — , quoted, xiv. 120, 122 

et seij. 
DoNESTHOKPE AND Co., quotcd, xii. 183, 

214. 



i 



Volumes i. to xxxviii. 



5d 



DoNESTIIORrK, FlKTII ANU RiDLKY, COal- 

cuttiiig niachiiio, xii. G3-G7, 78. 
Doiietz coal-Held, xxiv. 8-9 ; xxxvii. 95, 

100. 
Donghus Dereh coal, iii. 63. 
Doors in mines, number, vii. 4; x. 139- 

140. 

— of boilers used at Keyhani, xiv. 58 ; 
plates vi. and vii. 

Doorways of coke-ovens, viii. 121; ix. 37 ; 

diagram, viii. facing 135. 

, cost, viii. 135. 

DoRMOY, E., quoted, vi. 133; xxvii. 143. 
DoRNiNG, El., taiZ-ropes, xv. 91. 
Dortmund coal district, winding-ropes, 

xxxi. abs. "21 -"24. 

— district, boreholes, xxvii. 38-39. 
, mineral production, xxxiv. abs. 1-3, 

53-54 ; XXXV. abs. 38-39 ; xxxvi. abs. 

b9-40. 

, mining produce, xxxviii. abs. 37-38. 

, — statistics, xxxvii. abs. 5*2-53. 

, shafts, xxvii. 195. 

Douai, France, xxvii. 245. 
Double-acting pump, Upleatham, xvi. 

125-126, and plate xx. 
rams, xv. 32-33. 

— beam condensing and non -condensing 
engines, xix. 209-210 ; plates xxxviii. - 
xl. 

— carbon lamp, Brockie, xxxiv. 35 ; 
plate viii. 

— combination safety-lamp, Routledge- 
Johuson, xxxiv. 183-190 ; plates 
XXXV. -xxxvi. 

— cylinder pumping-engine, xx. 170-174, 
and plates xlv., xlvi., xlviii. 

— difi'erential electric-lamp; xxxiv. 28, 
and plate vii. 

— flue boilers, xv. 27. 41-42 ; xxx. 74, 
75 ; plates xviii.-xx. 

— leaf swing-bridges, xxii. 67-68 ; 
plate xvii. 

— riveting of boilers, xxx. 81-82. 

— road stall, xxxi. 182 ; plan, 19r>. 

— shafts, xii. 4. 

— stall, working, xxxi. 18 ; plates viii-ix. 
DouBLEDAY, Thos. , iv. :->, 23, 108. 

— , adjourned mediiKj, ix. 3. 

— , uppointmeiit of serretarj/, xii. 147. 

— , causes of certain steam-boiler explo- 
sions, XV. 5-11, 43-44. 

— , memoir of Nicholas \\ ood, xv. 49-59. 

— , Natura/ HiMory Socitty (Kjrttmtnt, 
xi. 59. 

— , paradoxes in rtnti/ation, xiii. 14. 

— , printing of paptv^, vii. 27. 

■ — , quoted, ix. 85, 233, 235, 253 ; xxxvii. 
130. 

— , reprintimj of Transact ion.'i, xii. 45. 

Doubtful age of ironstone-deposits, xxv. 
61-62, 71. 

DouGAN, J., quoted, xix. 82. 

Douglas, John, patent safety-lamp, 
XXXV. 65-66, 67 ; plate viii. 



Douglas, T., alttrat.ion of liyt^JawH and 

ridt-s, xvi. 132 ; xxxviii. 183, 185. 
— , Archer and Holixoii. ximiiiir, xxxvi. 

101. 
— , coal-waiihimj apparatus, xv. 65, 128, 

129. 
— , dayt of meeting, xiv. 136 ; xvi. 127. 
— , endlexs chain and tai/.-rope cotnmittct, 

xiv. 134. 
— , Hetton safety -lamp experimtntu, xvii. 

62. 
— , Kind-Chaudron lioring nystem, xxi. 

10-11 et seq. 
— , .steam hoi/er-s, xviii. Ill et -seq. 

, taif.rape committee's rejjort, xviii. 80. 
— , nnilirgrouml conreyance, Cleveland, 

xvi. 92, 93, 127. 
DouRGts Colliery Co., xxvii. 156. 
DouviLLE, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Dove, (iEo. , evidence on boiler explosion, 

iv. 46. 
Dovenby Hall, viii. 151. 
Dover Straits, map and sections, xxxii. 

22. 
Dowke, xviii. 166. 
Dowlais works, xxiii. 246. 
Downcast shaft, temperatiu'e, iv. 210-21 1 

222. 
Downhill, Antrim, xxx. 107 ; section, 113. 

— quaxTy, Northumberland, Villepigue 
perforator, xx. 70. 

Downing, G. F., quoted, xxvi. 85. 
Dowson gas generator, xxxi. 190-191. 
Doyet colliery, winding-gear, xxxv. abs. 

48. 
Doyle, D., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Drag of a mine, iii. 93. 
tail-rope, with safety-cages, x. 86- 

87, 92. 
Drainage of coal-mines, v. 135. 

Chat moss, viii. 62. 

goaves, gas, vii. 79-84. 

mines, iii. 241, 242, 243 ; x. 50 ; 

xii. 179, 181 ; xv. 179, 187, 239-240, 

254. 
— , extended system, v. 135-141, 

162-164. 

Tyne coal-basin, ix. 243-244. 

Drama bitumen, iii. 70. 
Draw-bridges, xxii. 68-70 ; plates. 
Drawing coke from ovens, ix. 37, 39. 

— gear, for coke-ovens, viii. 117. 

— timber in mines, winch for, viii. 195. 
Dressants, rearing seams, xxvii. 173-179. 
Dressing coal, Bruckenberg, xxix. 164- 

170 ; plates xxviii.-xxxi. 

— ore-rolls in position, xxxviii. abs. 12. 
Drift or boulder clay. Cumberland, xi. So. 
wash, Dm-ham coal-tiold. xiii. 41- 

42,69-85,158-161, 166-167, 202; xiv. 
1-6. 

— ventilation, vii. 79 ; xii. 47-48, 77. 
Drifting, objections to use of, in boiler- 
construction, xi. 39. 

Drifton industrial school, xxxi. abs. 13, 



60 



GEXEltAL INDKX TO TKANSACTIONS. 



DnfU, XV. 179. 

l)ii^'j,'ith vfiii, xxxiv. l'_M-ll"J. 

i trill lioK-M, Uiiiipiiig, xxxiv. ubu. 29. 

l)rilU'.l hdlfs, III Ix.iler-pliites, xxiv. TJO 

rt •<t<l., — ri7 '' « '/. 

- — , rivuttiii>,' with, xxi. ()7-69; |»late xiii. 
I)rilliiig, iiiiiul, xxxi. 1U4, lilm. 'J-L 

- , iiifdmnicMl, xxxi. 107-110 ; plutc xiii., 
aha. 24. 

— boiler pUtes, xx. 117 '' <"/• : plate 
XXX v. 

iiiHcliineH, xxxii. :ili8. 43. 
Dkhi.on, , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Drills, Hraiiilt hylniulic, xxxvii. abs. 34. 
— , Cranston piuuinatic, xxix. '2'2\. 

, iliani.Mi.l, xxiii. 179-183, 18«.19l); 

plates xxxvi. -xl. 

- , liyilraulic, compressed-air aud hand- 
power, xxxi. abs. 45. 

- , Jellrey air-feed, xxxviii. aba. '23. 

— , Kind-C"hau(hon boring, xx. 190-191 ; 

plates liv.-lv. 

, Luaipsey. iiydraulic, xxxvi. 67-72, 121 ; 

plates ix.-xi. 
— , \Var.sop rock, xxiii. 259-264 ; plates 

xlvii-xlix. 
Drow.s, Du. T. M., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

64. 
Dri' |>ercussion boring-machine, xxxii. 

abs. 67- 
Drum screens, xxviii. 186 et ■•n-q. 
Drums, scroll, xxi. 85-90, 219 ; plates 

xxiii. -xxiv. ; xxiii. 36-39. 
Drunkenness of Wallachian miners, xxxv. 

89. 
Drury's Parson's Close, section, viii. 152. 
I ry coal bricks, xxvii. 35. 

— method of cleaning coal, xxxi. 245- 
248 ; plates li.-liv. 

— ore concentration, xxxvi. abs. 2')-22. 
Dryburn coal, xxxiii. 71 ; xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 

Dryden, Wm., Bttrradon coUitry-txiilo- 

■sioii, viii. 163. 
Drying of manganese-ores, xxxiv. 154, 

158. 
DiuAR, p., quoted, xxxii. abs. 28. 
DiBois, , water-gauge, xxxv. abs. 69. 
Driiois AND Francois, rock-drill, xxvii. 

176, 181. 
Duchy Peru mines, xxvii. 132, 137, sec- 
tion, 137. 
Duckett Hill quarry, xxi. 261 ; section, 

270. 
Duckmanton colliery, wood slides, x. 

125. 
Duddo basalt quarry, ix. 195, 209. 
Duddon furnace, xxxiv. 89, 91. 
Dudley, Dud, quoted, viii. 111. 
Dudley, W. L., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 29. 
Dudley Port trough fault, x. 196. 
Dudweiler, Jiigersfreude, colliery, xxviii. 

18-20, 47-48, sections, 60, 63-65 ; xxxii. 

abs. 66-67- 
— , mines, xxvii. 186-188. 



Dutfcoal, burnt with mechanical stokers, 

xxvii. 2011 (/ <"/. 
DullVyn coal, xxxi. 187188. 
Dufour compensating lever, xxxiii. abw. 

70. 
DUJAKDI.N, v., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 81. 
Df.U)L, Dh. , (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 83. 
DujuuR single lever, xxxiii. abs. 40. 

DUKK UK NoRTllI MItEULAND, qUOtcd, ix. 

230; xi. 220, 221. 
DuMAK, .Xi.i'ii., phosphorescent light for 

minis, xiv. 71- 
Dumas, Em., quoted, v. 27. 
DuMA.s, K. L. , ]{oriiet hand-boring ma- 
chine, xxxvii. 117-120: plate xxvii. 

, Cuvelier lock for safety-lamps, xxxvi. 

51-5.; ; plates vii.-viii. 
Di'MA.s AND BenoIt electric lighting 

uppiiratus, XXX. 149-150, 154. 
Duiiil) drift, vii. 81 ; xii. 112 <l ■■<nj. 
— , Cinderhill, x. 156. 

, Sliipluy, X. 129. 

Dumfries, boreholes, xxxiii. 130. 
Dumfriesshire, geology, viii. 155, 

xi. 65 tf -w/. 
DuMONT, Andrk, quoted, xxvi. 17- 
Dumphy's coal-seam, xxiv. 178, 

194. 
Dun limestone, .xxvii. 302 ; xxxvii. 

19. 

coal, xxxvii. 13. 

Duncan, Thos., quoted, xvi. 140; 

154. 
Duncan mine. Lake Superior, xxiv. 



157 ; 

183, 
13, 

xxi. 

244. 
DuNDoNAi.D, Loud, coal-tar ovens, viii. 

112. 
Dunedin, xxxv. 201, 202, 203, 204, 207. 
DuNKER, E. , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 1. 
Dunmore mines, U.S.A., xiii. 26, 37- 
Dunn, — , quoted, iii. 54 ; v. 133. 
Dunn, Ar<;hii!ALd, honorarium, viii. 20. 
— , quoted, iv. 29. 

— , Wood mtmonal hall, xvii. 31, 60. 
Dunn, Dr. J. T., quoted, xxvii. 66, 

299. 
— , Ryhope air receiver, explosion, 

xxxvii. 197. 
— , South Wnle-H anthracite, xxxi. 193. 
— , n-st of salt for laying coal-dtist, xxxi. 

150. 
Dunn, Matthi.\.s, i. 66, 192, 210 et seq., 

225 tt .ser/.,- 254 et mq., 258, 261 et -seq. ; 

ii. 7, 14 et ■•<tq.,bb, 78 et tiq., 98 et .itq.; 

iv. 31, 32, 112. 
— , annual dinner, iv 191. 
— , ascen-siow.ll rentilation, viii. 11, 13. 
— , Besseges coal-mines and ironworks, 

V. 27-42. 
— , Birminijham meetinq, 1861, ix. 86, 

248. 
— , boiler explosions, iv. 39-53, 113, 115 

et -seq. ; xi. 207-208, 209, 214. 
— , British As-socidlion, xii. 71. 
— , Burradon colliery explosion, viii. 138, 

139, 166-167 ; ix. 55. 



VOLTTMES T. TO XXXVIII. 



«1 



T)uNN, Matthias, cemeut inillinii, ix. 
149. 

close -topped iHlihivt/, xii. 20 e/ wy/. 

ronl-rnttitKi vtaehinoi, xii. 48, 50 ; xiv 
121. 

coal-fields of Ciimberlaiid, viii. 141- 
160; xi. 17!'-188; xiii. 87-89. 

(■oal,-iniiiiti<i, Fraiire, vii. 2, '.', 4-5, 7, 8. 

coal production, Belgium and France, 
iv. 287-.S05. 

comltined (Iratnai/e of mines, v. 162, 
163. 

ropyrujht of papers, v. 2, 3. 

Camher/and Has, xi. 195. 

destructive action of furnace gases, xii. 
25 et seq. 

discussion of papers, iii. 56. 

distrihution of papers, vii. 29. 

Erekli and Rodosto coal-fields, iii. 54, 
55. 

exttnsioH. of coal-measnres, xiii. 20.S. 

(ftoloify of Border districts, xi. 61, 62, 
63, 190, 195, 201. 

northern, coal-field, xiii. 45, 47. 

Helton colliery explosion, ix. 127-128, 
165. 

introduction of visitors, xi. 225. 

Jones safety -I nmp), xi. 160. 

low main. sKtv), viii. 105, 107- 

Lundldll colliery e.r.plo.^ion., vi. 121. 

magnedan limestone, xiii. 201. 

majinfac.t.ure of coke, ix. 6, 10, 50. 

Middlesbro' salt, xiii. 93, 97, 98. 

mining college, iii. 57, 58, 225, 343 et 
xeq. ; xi. 221. 

— in-tpectors reports, iii. 371-372. 

— .statistics, V. 12, 13. 

— surveys, iv. 264. 
Natural History .lociefy's agreement, 

■A. 6. 

New South Wales co'd-field, vi. 22, 
23, 24. 

& Began smoke-consumer, xi. 212. 

Ogden prize, ix. 89. 

paradoxes in ventilation, xiii. 10, 50, 
104. 

Penn.slyranian anthracite-re<iion, xiii. 
102, 103. 

pillar ivorking, viii. 176 ; ix. 32. 

presence of authors, xi. 140. 

presentation of books, iii. 371 ; xi. 212. 

probable extension of Cumberland 
coal-field, xiii. 87-89. 

quoted, xv. 207, 213, 214, 246 ; xxix. 
215. 

reports of meetings, viii. 173. 

roimd and ■miall coal, v. 11. 

safety -ca(/es, iii. 226; viii. 7, 8; xi. 161, 
162. 

sinking through sand, v. 150, 152. 

statistics, iv. 'l40, 264. 

ventilating fan, Elsecar, xii. 27, 28. 

ventilation of mines, iv. 10; vi. 154 ef 
seq., 222, 223. 
-, — — Prns.sian mines, xii. 47-48. 



Dunn, Matthias, voles of t honks to pre- 

.lident, iii. 374 ; iv. 265. 
— , n-orting and renlilalion of coni .milieu, 

vii. 31, 32 et seq., 53 et .sefp, \\;\^ |94_ 

, - of thick and thin cofiJ-Heams, v. 7. 
— , — overlying and underlying coal. 

.seams, v. 18, 19. 
Dunneiliolm boring, section, xxxi "IS 

214. 
])tinnin(!, Jos., coke-oven, description 

and figures, ix. 37-39. 
— , ((uoted, ix. 12. 

Duns Hill oi' Dunsil coal-seam, x. 1 18. 
Dunstan, John, Lnndhill coUiern-e riilo 

sion, V. 239-240. 
Duplex -pendulum seismograph, xxxvii. 

60-61, and jilate xii. 
Duppenweiler, section, xxviii. 65. 
Durability of Hartley coal, xiv. 64. 
Durand, J. B., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Dukand-Claye, L., quoted, xxxvi. abs 

23. 
Durango iron mountain, xxxiv. abs. 57. 
Durant, Henry, hand boring-machinc, 

xxxvii. abs. 57. 
Duration of anthracite coal-field xxxi 

180-181. 

boilers, xx. 63. 

Bristol coal-field, x. 102. 

coal, X. 47-48, 53, 61-62. 

coal-fields, iv. 82 ; xiii. 48 ; xv. 261 

289-291 ; xvi. 131 ; xviii. 22, 23-24 ; xix.' 

44-45 ; XX. 156 ; xxii. 52-56 ; xxv 9 

95-96 ; xxvii. 94, 95-96 ; xxx. 14-15. ' 
coal of Great Britain and Ireland 

xxxii. 135-148, 213. 

Cumberland coal-field, xxxiii. 127. 

Great Northern coal-field, ii 211 

222 ; X. 61 ; xii. 197 ; xxxvii. 4, 9. 

Juckes firebars, xviii. 94-9-5. 

manganese-deposits, xxxiv. 157-158. 

oil supply, xxv. 161-162 ; xxvi. 31. 

Durlian bay, xvii. 79. 

Durham, Earl of, quoted, iii. app. 1, 2. 

Durham, coal, extent, ii. 201. 

— , horizon of Low Main coal-seam, 

xxxvii. 151-153; plates xxxvii. -xl. 
— , magnesian limestone, xiii. 202 205- 

213 ; xiv. 28-34. 
— , synopsis of strata, xxxvii. 13. 

— and Bishop Auckland railway, xv. 251. 
Northumberland, glaciation, xiii. 

166, 169-185, 202. 
, upper and lower beds of coal, 

xi. 101-138. 
Sunderland railway, xv. 236; xxv 

6, 7. 

— coal-field, x. 48-53; xxvi. 16; section, 
28 ; plate iv. 

, drift, xiii. 41, 69-85, 158-161, 

166-167, 202. 

, sinkings, xiii. 106-107. 

— , wash, xiv. 1-6. 

— coast, breccia-gashes, xxxiii. 165-177 ; 
plates xii. -xiii. 



»52 



OENKRAl. I\ni X TO TRANSACTIONS. 



ht'KiiAM CorsTV (!oAi. Minim; Co., xv. 
'2A:, '2:iH. 

— junction rtiilwtiv, xv. 237. 
DruiiAM Univkrsity, ix. «7, •2'2\), '2:W ; 

xi. 'JIO, 220, 221 ; xvii. !»S ; xviii. 29, 

30,31,32. 

, mining college, vi. 201 ; vii. 30 ; 

viii. 20. 
Diirlmni waleiworks, Mulf-fceding fur- 

iiiicvfl, xviii. 39, itS. 
DiinenlKTg iMiruliolc, xxvii. 3S. 
Dust explosiona, cojil-miiies, xxxiv. abs. 

78-80. 

— — , precautions iiguinst, xxxv. ahs. 
46. 

— favouring explosion, xxvi. 103 t/ Mq. 

— in mines, laying of, xxxvi. 99-102 ; 
plate XV. 

, salt for laying, xxxi. 140-150. 

Diiston, xxxv. 137 ; section, 145. 

Dutch Liml)urg, coal-basin, xxvi. 14-28, 

and ])lates iv.-vi. 
Duties on coal, v. 60; x. 60 ; xv. 181, 

185, 1S6, 194, 196, 197, 233, 262 ; xxiv. 

211-112. 

gypsum, XXX. 66. 

Dutoit's Pan diamond-mine, xxxv. abs. 

18, 19. 
Duty of Cornish and other pumping- 

engines, xix. 201-221 ; plates xxxviii.- 

xli. 

engines, xxxvi. 141. 

pumping-engines, xxi. 139 it •«</. 

Dux brown coal-mine, xxxiv. abs. 5. 
Dykkrvn Mininc Co., xxxvi. 105, 113, 

115. 
Dyke, ninety fathom, v. 121. 
Dykes, iii. 7 ; vi. 19, 22, 191, 195 ; vii. 93- 

94, 100, 103; viii. 30, 148, 150, 151, 

152 ; ix. 189-197 ; x. 114, 115 ; xi. 130, 

131 ; xii. 155-157 ; xiii. 43, 45, 46, 47 ; 

xviii. 164, 166, 168, 169, 170; xxi. 252, 



253 254 ; xxiii. 43, 160, 161 ; xxiv. 78, 

137-140. 14<i, 148. 149; xxv. 50-51, 52, 

54, 55: xxvi. 43, 44, 45. 71, 77, 122. 

128; XXX. 7, 13, 14; xxxiii. 1.30, 170. 
Dykes, border district, xi. 82. 
— , fault.s, and fissures, viii. 191-191. 
— , gold deposits, xxxviii. 174. 
— , great northern coal-field, ii. 1 09 ; 

V. 121 ; ix. 189, 190; xii. 153. 
— , mountain limestone, xviii. 168. 
— , Roscdalc, vi. 20. 

and faults, ii. 108-113; xxviii. 10, IS, 

19, 20, 21 ; socti<.ns, 65. 
Dynainital pressure of water columns in 

lifting sets, xxi. 49-58; plates iv.-ix., 

64-66, 91-103. 
Dynamite, xxvii. 53 ; xxxi. 164 ; xxxii. 

abs. 82 ; xxxvii. abs. 45. 
— , Bohemian collieries, xxvii. 193. 
— , eHect on coal-dust, xxxiv. 214, 297, 

302-303. 
— , experiments, xxxviii. abs. 26-28, 57. 
— , explosion of coal-dust hy, xxxv. abs. 

54. 

, explosions, xxxii. 196. 
— , Lumpsey mines, xxxi. 112. 
— , utility, xxiii. 195-196. 

— shells, Abel, xxxii. 57. 

— stores, report, xxxii. abs. 18. 
Dynamometer exj)eriments, Bridge pit, 

Wigan, xvii. ap}). i. 128-129. 

, Gannow, xvii. app. i. 74. 

, Hapton Valley, xvii. app. i. 63, 69. 

, Meadow i)it, Wigan, xvii. aj))). i. 

137. 
, Murton, xvii. app. i. 49. 

— — , Rowley, xvii. aj)p. i. 85. 

— — , Sealiam, xvii. app. i. 18-21. 

— — , Shireoaks, xvii. app. i. 103. 
Djrnamos, (^omstock lode, xxxviii. abs. 20. 
— , electric, xxx. 154, 155; xxxiv. 7 tl xcq. 
Dvsoy, — , quoted, xiv. 105, 126. 



E. 



Eagle non-conducting cement, xxxii. 36 

et ■•«'/. 
Eakl of Sandwich, quoted, xxxviii. 65. 
Karly history of coal-mining, xii. 164. 
Earth movements, experiments, France. 

xxxvi. 43-J5, 86, 120-121 ; plate vi. 

— pillars, figure, xxx. 5, 6. 

— shakes, xxxiv. 168-172. 

and outbursts of fire-damp, xxxiii. 

179-183; plates xiv.-xv. ; xxxvi. abs. 
43-44. 

— tremors, xxxiii. 167-169, 179-183 ; 
table, 168 ; xxxvi. 62 ; xxxviii. abs. 
46. 

, report of committee, xxxvii. 55- 

67 ; plates viii. -xvii. ; xxxviii. 43. 

Earth's radiation, iv. 249 /■/ >«-q. 

Earthquakes, Anzin mines, xxxviii. 
abs. 18. 



Earthquakes, Bengal, July 14, 1885, 

xxxv. abs. 34. 
— , Bohemia, xxxvii. 56. 
— , Burmah, xxxvii. 56. 
— , (-harlcstown, xxxvii. 56. 
— , connexion with barometric changes, 

xxxiv. abs. 72. 
— , instructions for observations, xxxiv. 

168 ; abs. 76-77. 
— , Japan, xxxvii. 55, 56, 59. 
— , Nice, xxxvii. 56. 
— , Sty. Louis, xxxvii. 56. 
— , Sonora, xxxvi. abs. 44. 
— , surface, north of France, xxxv. abs. 34. 
— and collier^' explosions, table, xxxiii. 

182 ; diagram curves, 182. 

fire-damp in mines, xxxviii. abs. 18. 

Earthy minerals, annual production, xxi. 

187, 197. 



VOTJTMKS T. TO XXXVIIF. 



6S 



East Africa, coal, xxxiii. abs. 109. 

— coast ports, casuaUicH in coal -cargoes, 

XXV. i:u.i3r). 

— (4awl)er and Anlslcy ])its, Denton 
disengaging hook, xix. app. i. 15. 

Hetton colliery, horses, xxxii. 108. 
-- — — , longwall working, xxv. 251- 
260; j)lates Ixxv.-lxxvi. ; xxvi. 64-G9 ; 
plate vii«. 

— Holywell colliery, horses, xxxii. 110. 
■ , ventilation experiments, i. 203- 

205. 

— Howie colliery, experiments on steam 
pi])es, xxxvi. 14 et .seq. 

— India, coal-mining, Warora, xxxviii. 
77-109. 

— Indian coal, specimens, xix. 40. 
Kast Indian Railway Co., xxx. 3, 4, 8, 

12, 15, 18; xxxviii. 157-161. 

— , colliery, xxxviii. 158. 

East London waterworks, Cornish en- 
gines, xix. 207. 

, pumping, xvi. 136. 

— Minor pit, Hetton colliery, ix. 93 '/ 
■seq. 

— , , engme-plane, xvi. 54-55 ; 

plate xii. 

, - — , fixed engine, iii. 299-S03. 

• — , , jilan and section of engine- 

I^lane, iii. facing 318. 

, , rope friction experiments, 

iii. 284. 

, , ventilation experiments, 

vii. 65, 67, 110, 147 et mq. ; plan, 148, 
202. 

, , winding-engine experi- 
ments, V. 108. 

— river gypsum, analysis, xxx. 63. 

— Nova Scotia, xxvi. 79, 81, 83, 87 ; 
section, xxvi. 90. 

— Siberia, geology, xxxvi. abs. 8. 

— Somerset and Gloucestershire coal- 
field, section, ii. 253. 

coal-field, notes on, ii. 251. 

, number of workpeople, iv. 

200. 
, overlap, iii. 28-29. 

— Tanfield colliery, haulage, xxix. 73. 

— Tonquin, geology, xxxvi. abs. 36. 

— United States, iron-ores, xxxiv. abs. 
22. 

Eastcott, John, Bastier rhain-piimp, xv. 

155. 
Easton, J., i. 191 ; ii. 5, 7, 8, 9, 12. 
— , Cahio safety-cage, xvi. 27, 28, 29. 

— , Duinar electric light, xiv. 71. 

— , Guihal ventilator, Franieries, xvi. 7, 

10. 
— , quoted, i. 283 ; xxxviii. 57- 
Easton, Tiios., quoted, vi. 23. 
Easton colliery, section, x. 101. 
Eaton, Prof., quoted, iv. 129. 
Eaton, J. R., coal-gas: for healing boilers, 

xxiii. 113. 
Ebba's nook, xxxiii. 69, 70, 78. 



Ebb's Nook limestone, xxiv. 141 ; xxxiii. 

70. 
I'lbbw Vale works, xxiii. 246; xxxi. 177. 
EuKLMAN, — , quote<l, viji. 115. 

EcCLESrASTICAL CoM.MIS.SI ON EK.S, quoted, 

XV. 255-257. 
Eccleston colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 

21, 23. 
Echinodiscus bioculatus, Formosa, xxxiv. 

82. 

— bisperforatus, xxxiv. S2. 
Echunga gold-field, xxxv. abs. 24. 
EcoLE DEs Mines, Paris, xxvii. 281. 
Economic geology, India, xxxiv. abs. 75. 

— uses of coal-seams, xii. 159-163. 

— value, coals, iv. 284, 285. 
Economical advantages of mechanical 

ventilation, xix. 223-237 ; plates, xlii., 
xliii. 

— engineering, ix. 59-60. 

— working of boilers in collieries, xxxviii. 
223-228. 

mines, ii. 21 et seq. 

Economizer boilers, explosions, xxix. 30, 

39, 94. 
Economy in coal consumjition, xix. 52. 
coke manufacture, xxvii. 127-128; 

plates xi. -xiv. 

use of coal, xxii. 42, 43, 44, 49-50. 

working, x. 53. 

--of fuel, iron manufacture, xxxiii. abs. 

55. 

in pimiping-engines, xxiii. 7. 

pillar working, viii. 95-96. 

Eddies in mine-ventilation, xii. \0&et seq. 

Eden river, xxiv. 54. 

Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 

quoted, iii. 11, 20. 
Edinburgh University, xxi. 35. 
Edinburgh M^ater supply, xxiv. 57, 93. 
Edison dynamo, xxxiv. 12 ; plate iii. 
Edson, J. B., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 5. 
Education, northern coal-field, xxxvi. 

157 158. 
— , technical, xvii. 65, 95-104, 113 ; xviii. 

pp. ix.-xi., 3, 7, 149-150; xxiii. 60. 

— of miners, xxviii. 204. 

children, Belgium, xiii. 59 et stq. 

mining engineers, xxi. 21-46. 

Eelwell limestone, xxxvii. 13. 

— quarries, xxxiii. 75 ; section, 76. 

— upper and lower coals, xxxvii. 13. 
Effects of dislocation and deniulation, 

xxxii. 353-354. 

manganese, xiii. 139-140. 

mine workings, xxxv. abs. 62-64. 

— — seasons on fire-damp explosions, 
xxxi. 88, 89. 

shot-firing on safety-lamps, xxiv. 

65 (/.-rr/., 168-172. 
working overlying and underlying 

seams, v. 15-21. 
Efficiency, electrical and commercial, 

xxxiv. 19. 
Egg coal, xiii. 28, 33. 



t)l 



(iK.M-.ltAI INDl.X TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Kj{j{-enile<l iMiilors, xviii. l'2\ ft siij. ; xx. 

■49 »7 .s»(/. ; pliitf xxvii. ; xxxviii. '2'Hi, 

'.'•.'7. 
Ktii.KSToN, Dh. T., tjUKtril, xxxi. illis. 4"2. 
Kfirfiiioiit, xxxi. 'JIS, '2'Mi ; xxxiv. 85, 

S7. S5I, U*2. l'-'7, 130, 131 ; section, 

1315. 

KlIKKNWKUTIl, TroK. J. VoN, <lllOte(l, 

xxxiii. lilis. 7-, ytj ; xxxiv. al»s. 1'2. 
Kiglit yard liiiiestimo, xxviii. 7 ; xxxiii. 

71 ; xxxvii. 13. 
Kinliti'iii inch coal, xxxiii. 1.S9. 
Ki^'liti-entli century, coal-iiiining, xv. 

l!»S.-il5. 
KiKh-s, , ventilation of mines, (|U<)te(l, 

i. JIS. 
Kjictor condenser, Morton, xxiii. 165- 

H>() ; plate xxxiv. 
Kl Holto coi>|Kr -mine, xxxvi. abs. 7. 

Ilegato railway, xxxiii. '2'27. 
Kla.stic power of atiueoius vapour, iii. 180. 
Klasticity of indiaruhher, viii. 7-8. 
Klha, iron-ores, xxxvii. abs. 36. 
Ki.DKK, John, quoted, xxvi. 116. 
Klection, inspectors of mines as honorary 

mendjers, iv. '26'2-"263. 
— , members, ii. 77. 

-, officers, iv. 26-2 ; ix. 15, 53 ; xii. 92. 
— , president, xv. 75-77 ; xviii. 153. 
— , president and officers, 1888, xxxvii. 

220. 
— , \'ice-presidents, xii. 3, 17, 42-43; 

xviii. 85, 86. 
Electric apparatus, Murday, xxxviii. 71. 

— bell to safety-lamp, xxxii. abs. 62. 

— coal-cutting machines, xxxviii. 82, 34 ; 
abs. 6-7, 67-68. 

— firing, xxvii. 53. 

— gin, xxxi. abs. 10-11 ; xxxii. abs. 14. 

— fight, xxviii. 207; xxxi. 134-1.%; 
xxxiv. 3-63 ; plates i.-xi. ; xxxv. 2.39- 
241. 

, cost, xxxiii. abs. 78. 

, experiments, xxxiii. abs. 90. 

, Gradenberg works, xxxiii. abs. 96. 

— lighting, Gosson Lagasse, xxvii. 184. 
of mines, xiv. 71-72. 

— machinerj-, incline worked by, xxxvii. 
abs. 80. 

— — in mines, xxxiii. abs. 71 ; xxxiv. 
abs. 5-7. 

— safety-lamps, Maskelyne, xxxvii. 
113-116. 

, SchanschieflF, xxxvi. 87-93 ; 

plate xiii. 
, Swan, xxx. 149-159; plate 

xxxviii.; xxxi. 117-119 ; plate xxi. 
, — improved, xxxvi. 3-11, 55-59 ; 

plate i. 

— — -, — portable, xxxv. 51-64; 
plate vii. 

, Swete portable, xxxviii. 17-19. 

— seismoscope, xxxvii. 59. 

, Herschel non-gravitating, xxxvii. 

101-111 ; plate xxi. 



Klectric signals, xxiv. 1()5 167 ; xxxv. 
239. 

, Dudweiltr, xxvii. 186. 
- on underground engine-planes, xxiv. 
165-167. 

— transmission of power, xxviii. 179 ; 
xxxi. abs. 9-10; xxxii. abs. l:<.14, 28; 
xxxiii. abs. 82, 83, 103 ; xxxviii, abs. 
35. 

Klectricity, copper extraction by, xxxvii. 

abs. 70. 
— , incline worked by, xxxvii. aba. 80. 

, puritication of coke, ix. 9, 45 if »tq., 

51, 54. 
— , uses of, xxxv. 239. 
Electromagnetic lock for safety-lamps, 

Craig and iJidder, xix. 15-16 ; jdate v. 

— magnetism, xxxiv. 5 <t scr/. 

— magnets, xxxiv. 20. 

— motive force, xxxiv. 4. 
Elemore colliery, ix. 96. 

, coal-cutting machine, xxviii. 77-78, 

165. 
•, fixed engine, iii. 294-298 ; plan and 

.section of self-acting incline, faciiij^ 

318. 

, haulage experiments, iii. 252-25.S. 

, pressure of gas in coal, xxx. 1 4- 

166, 221 ft serj., 225-226; plates 

xxxix., xl.; xxxii. 127-128. 

, self-acting planes, iii. 271 et mq. 

, steam haulage experiments, v. 102- 

103. 
, ventilation experiments, vii. 64, 66 

tt seq.; ix. 135 ; xii. 82-83, 186-188. 
Elephant steamer, xxxi. 188. 
Elevation, furnaces, v. 36. 

— of land, xiii. 182-183. 

— — proposed college, frontispiece, iv. 
Eleven feet coal, sections, xi. 76, 78. 
Elf hills, XXV. 48, 50, 54 ; xxvii. 300. 

, basalt, xxiv. 139, 140, 146. 

quarrj', xxvi. 128. 

, section, xxiv. 151. 

Eliza pit, Bulgill, xxxiv. 113. 

Elizabethpol copper-deposits, xxxv. abs. 
9-10. 

Ell coal-seam, xxxiii. 151, 157, 158; sec- 
tions, 162. 

Ellen pit, Bulgill, section, xxxii. 335. 

EUenborough colliery, Maryport, xiii. 
87; xxxii. sections, 331-333, 356; 
xxxiii. 129, 131, 140, 142, 143 ; section, 
149. 

Elliot, G) oroe, Burradon colliery explo- 
sion, viii. 167-168. 

— , rha/yhtatk miiie ivatern, v. 23.- 

— , effect produced upon beds of coal 
by working away the overlying or 
underlying seams, iv. 141-146 ; v. 
15-17, 18 et .seq. 

— , extra ropies, viii. 97- 

— , inaugural address, xviii. 19-35. 

— , incorporation of iiistifute, xxi. 289. 

— , longwall working, xix. 37-39. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



05 



Elliot, George, LundhiU v.ollicry arci- 
dtnt and iniiic rcMtilation, vi. 214 c.t-seq. 

— , ejjd'iKion, v. 249 ci seq. 

— , methodn of Inhricatioii, xxv. 223. 

— , quoted, x. 13; xix. 188-189; xxxviii. 
31, 36, 42, 43. 

— , mfdy-lninps, i. 190 et mq., 255, 256, 
258, 259 et seq., 270. 

— , telegram from, xviii. 155. 

— , vote of thanks to president, v. 229. 

Elliott, -, quoted, ii. 38. 

Elliott, H. J. H., quoted, xxxv. abs. 
59. 

Elliott, Sam., evidence on boiler-explo- 
sion, iv. 49. 

Eloin safety-lamp, i. 308, 315, 317 ; 
xxiii. 20. 

, experiments, xvii. 19. 

Elphinstone-Vincent dynamo, xxxiv. 
17 ; plate v. 

Elsecar colliery, Biram ventilator xix., 
plate xlii. 

— — , boiler explosion, xxxii. 194 ; 
plate XX vi. 

, ventilating fan, xi. 89-98 ; dia- 
grams facing 90, 91, 92 ; xii. 27-29. 

Elstewyke, P^lswick collieries, xv. 178, 
183, 184. 

Elswick colliery, experiments with coal- 
dust, xxviii. 86-90. 

, Guibal ventilator, xiv. 73-81, and 

plates Ixix.-lxxi. 

■ — ■ — , Harrison boiler, xvi. 35 et seq. 

, Juckes firebars, xviii. 93-94. 

, pumping, xvii. 27. 

— works, coal-testing experiments, .xiv. 
48 et seq. 

, Corliss engine, xxv. 214 ; plate 

lix. 
, experiments with steam-coal, xviii. 

37. 
Elvan dyke, xxvii. 131. 
Elvet colliery, xiii. 78-79 ; section, 79. 
, Juckes firebars, xvii. 75. 

— moor, XV. 211. 

Elwen, T. L., experiments on resistance 

to air-currents in mines, xxxviii. 205- 

218 ; plates x.-xxii. 
Embankment, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 260. 
Emblkton,T. W., BariLslty 1S7o meethiq, 

xxv. 11. 
~ , hydraulic coal-cutting machine, xiv. 

72, 83-89, 115 e< seq. 

, (Jaks colliery explosions, xxv. 29-38, 

143, 144 ; plates vi.-Xxxvii. 

, reception of visitor!^, xxxvi. 164. 
— , Sifkstone and BaniJilei/ coal-'^eams, 

xxv. 20, 21. 

, winning of High Main coal, Gos- 

forth, xxxviii. 189-200, 202-203 ; plate 

xxiv. 
Kmery, Chas. E., quoted, xxxvi. 13. 
Gmeey, Robt., quoted, xxxiii. 82. 
Emery coal-seam, xxiv. 196, 197, 204, 

206-207. 



Emery cf)lliery, xxiv. 206-207. 
Emil coal-seam, section, xxviii. 56. 
Emma pit, Towneiey, puniping-engine, 

XV. 159-160, 298-299. 
E.MMo.vs, S. F., quoted, xxxiii. ab.s. 104 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 5. 
Employers persuaded to subscribe, xiii. 

216-217. 
Empty spaces in colliery workings, xviii. 

159. 
Encrinital limestones, xiv. 44-45. 
Encrinites, drawings, ix. 189. 
Endless-chain, xiv. Ill; xxxvi. 218. 
and tail-rope committee, xiv. 112 

et seq., 133-134 ; xvi. 1, 50. 
, preliminary report, xvi. 

104-106. 
• — , report, xvii. app. i. 1- 

177. 
haulage, xvii. app. i. 54, 150-158 ; 

XX. 3 et seq. ; xxix. 72 ; xxxi. 141 ; 

xxxiii. 225 ; abs. 84. 

, advantages, xvi. 104-105. 

, cost, xviii. 61-62, 71, 72. 

, Lancashire pits, xv. 89, 90 et seq. 

, Mariemont, xxvii. 182 ; xxxiii. 

abs. 84. 
, Spain, xxxiii. 187-212 ; plates 

xvi.-xix.; xxxiv. 190; xxxvii. 81-85; 

plate XX. 

— rope, xxxvi. 218-220, 221. 

, for unloading boats, xxxiii. abs. 81. 

haulage, xvii. 94, 117, 160, 163, 165. 

~, Channel tunnel, xxxii. 7-8. 

, Cleveland, xxxi. 110-111 ; plates 

xiv. -XV. 
, Spain, xxxiii. 225-226. 

— — system, compared with wire tram- 
ways, XX. W et seq. 

systems of haulage, iii. 308 ; xvii. 

app. i. 94, 117, 160, 163, 165, 167; 

xxviii. 240-241, 243-246 ; plate xli. 
Engelholm colliery, xxxv. abs. 32. 
Eiigerth shaft, Kladno, xxvii. 192. 
Engine-beam, Hartley colliery, strength 

of, xi. 154. 

— or main seam, ii. 275. 
Engine-planes, Bridge pit, Wigan, xvii. 

app. i. 121. 

, Brynddu, xvii. app. i. 143. 

, Cinderhill, xvii. apji. i. 115. 

, e.xi)erinients, v. 67 <t seq. 

— - , Hapton valley, xvii. app. i. 59. 

, Harraton, xvii. app. i. 34-35. 

, Hetton, xvi. 54-55. 

, Marley Hill, xv. 83 ; xvi. 56. 

, Mesnes, Ince, xvii. app. i. 140. 

, Moor pit, Wigan, xvii. apji. i. 139. 

— - , Murton, xvii. app. i. 43-44. 
— , Newsham, x\ ii. app. i. 109. 

— — , North Hetton, xvii. app. i. 7-9. 
, Pelton, xvi. 123. 

, Seahani, x^^. 55-56; xvii. app. i. 15. 

, Seaton Delaval, xvii. app. i. 25. 

, Shireoaks, xvii. app. i. 98-99. 

5 



I 



6G 



UENEUAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



— — , UpliHtliKin, xvi. l(Ki. 
Kii^iiicoriii^ e«luoutii)ii altiuitil, xxi. 3.S-34. 
Kiij;ineer», eolliciy, if|K)rt a» to 

a<lini8»iun, xxiii. ()5. 
Kiigiiu-8, Imultif^e, tir»t oo8t, xvii. app. i. 

I IT. 
— , iiiteriial frictiun, xxxviii. abs. 36. 
— , iiuirint-, xxiv. 10.)-1'J7 ; pliitee xxi.- 

xxxi.; '.V)0 -JM. -J^G -JG'J. 
— , wireroiKJ tiiiiii\viij-8, xx. ;">-(). 
Kngliiud, working i>f i'wvy iiiineM, xxxi. 

0~\) ; pliitc's i.-xi. 
Eni;lkk, I'kiik. - , quuted, xxxvi. aba. 

13. 
E.MiUiiii, C.viT., quoted, x'xxii. 6. 
Em:usii, .his., Smton Hum boiltr ex/>fo- 

.sion, xi. 27 --'8, 31.32. 
Eiiglisli and continental coal-fields, coni- 

p.irutive ages, viii. 107. 

— coal, vi. 8U, UX, 107. 

, prices in India, xxxviii. 160. 

and coke, liilbao, xxxii. aba. 82. 

— coal-tields, visit to, xxxii. iib.s. G8. 

— patent fuil, value of, xxxviii. 161. 

— secondai'y rocks, description, xxxv. 
106-108. 

, iron-ores, xxxv. 103-157 ; 

plates x.-xxii. 
Knlargenient of institute, xv. 3, 77-80, 

164, 293-295. 
Enneidale lake, water, xxiv. 54-55. 
Ensilage, xxxii. 114-115, 154. 
Kntrochal limestone, xxv. 67- 
Enumeration of strata, ix. 198-202; xiv. 

16-17. 

— — subjects treated of, x. 4-5. 
Eozoic rocks, xxv. 146, 168, 170. 
Epinac, Hottinguer pit, Blanchet system, 

xxiii. 82-87 ; plate xxvi. 
Epjiletou colliery, ix. 95, 108 ; xii. 187 ; 

xiii. 206, 212-213 ; sections, xiii. 206, 

212 ; plan, 212. 

, accident, v. 158-159. 

,electric- lighting, xxxiv. 54; plate xi. 

, engine-plane, plan and section, iii. 

facing 318. 
, experiments on pressure of gas in 

coal, XXX. 171-191, 222 e< .very., 227-245 ; 

plates xxxix., xl., xli., xliv. ; xxxii. 

127 128. 

, Hxed engine, iii. 287-290. 

, plan of ventiliitiun-furnace, ix. 

facing 131. 
— - — , roof, V. 19. 
, rope-friction experiments, iii. 282- 

283. 

, safety-iiimj) experiments, xvii. 17 

et acq. 

, scroll drum, xxv. 201. 

, sections, xiii. 206, 212; xxxvii. 

plates xxxix. -xl. 
, ventilation experiments, vii. 64- 

65, 66, 71, 108 tf stf/. ; ix. 133, 139; 

xii, 80, 83 ; xiii. 51 ; xxxi. 25. 



E]>pleton colliery, ventilation of under- 
ground boilers, xii. 83, 186, liS8. 
, workings, xxxi. 15 ; plate iv. 

— winning, v. 56 57. 

Etjuidislant planimeter, xxxii. abs. 79. 

Eijuiselacea, xxx. 19. 

Equisetiores in coal, xi. 173. 

Erekli, Anatolia, iii. 61 (WJ, 6M, 71-73; 

xxxvii. 95. 
— , — , coal district, map, iii. 61. 

— coul-lield, iii. 54 et stq. 
Ere wash canal, x. 121, 150. 
Eknst, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 59. 
Ernst Louise colliery, secti(jn, xxviii. 65. 
Erosions in iron-ore deposits, xxxiii. 214. 
EKKINtiTO.N, J No. Ei>w., quoted, ix. 59. 
Erzberg mines, iv. 63 ; xxxviii. 67- 
Escarpelle colliery, xxvii. 255. 

, eartiujuakes, xxxv. abs. 34-35. 

, Douai, Kind-Cliaudron sinkuig, 

XX. 194, 196-197. 
, leakage in shaft, xxi. 11. 

ESCAHI'ELLK CoLl-IEKY Co., XXvii. 156. 

Escoumps lia;niatite mine, xxxiii. iibs. 

30. 
Esk river, viii. 143. 

Eskdale, viii. 156, 158; xxviii. 110, 120. 
— , granite, xxviii. 110-111, 118-120 ; sic 

tions, 155. 
— , - , analysis, xxviii 111. 
— , h;ematite, xxx. 27-28. 
Eskett, xxxiv. 127, 12!), 131 ; sections, 

136. 
Eskett Iko.n Ore Co., xxviii. 134, 136. 
Eskett mines, xxviii. 114, 128, 129. 
EsTcouKT, W. C. quoted, xxvii. 205. 
Eston, xiii. 128, 130; xxxv. 114, 115, 

116, 117, 125; sections, 145. 

— branch railway, v. 189-190. 

— hills, v. 188-189. 

— iron-ores, analyses,xxiv. 28; xxxv. 117. 

— ironworks, v. 212. 

— junction, section, xxxv. 115. 

— mine-ore, xxiv. 28. 

— mines, Calow safety-cage, xvi. 24, 28, 
29. 

, endless-rope, xvii. app. i. 112-113 ; 

plate xlv. 

— , pillar-working, viii. 94, 95 ; sec- 
tion, 94 ; diagram facing 95. 

— Nalt, section, vii. 87- 

— old bank, section, xxxv. 115. 
Ethane, xxii. 27. 

Etherley colliery, electric signalling, 
xxiv. 165 167. 

, surveys, xx. 89-90. 

Eugen coal-seam, xxxv. abs. 23. 
Euomplialus, drawing, ix. 188. 
Eurekli coal-field, xxxvii. 95. 
European iron-ores, xxxiv. abs. 33. 

— railways, xxxvi. 1 5. 

Euston station and G.P.O., i>neuuiatic 

tube between, xxiii. 89. 
Evans, F. J., quoted, xxiii. 55, 63. 
EvAHS, Jos., quoted, xxi. 249. 



i 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



67 



KvANS, Thos., rnnZ-niffiiKi vnirhines, xiv. 

126. 

, quoted, xix. 233. 
— , ■tjioidaiii'Oii.'i comb)iHt,ion of coni , x. 179. 
Evaporative power of coal, xviii. Ill, 112, 

121-122. 

mineral -oils, xxxvi. abs. 46. 

— various coals, xxxi. 187, 188. 

Evenlode liver, XXXV. 123; section, 145. 
EvKNS, Tiios. , _/om/ com/iiittee on mtchuii- 

iccd rtntilatorx, xxxvii. 182, 187. 
Everett, Pbok. J. D., quoted, xxxi. 61, 

64, 65, 66, 71. 
Everton, Liverpool, waterworks engine, 

xxi. 131, 13;) et .seq. 
Evolution of carbon dioxide, xxvii. 74, 

80, 84, 297-298. 
EvRARi), Alf., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 43. 
Ewanrigg, viii. 150. 

— colliery, section, xxxii. 356. 

Ewes burn, expense of bridge, estimated, 

XXX viii. 192. 
EwiNG, Jno. Orr, quoted, xxi. 292. 
EwiNU, Pkof. J. A.,letter, earth tremors, 

xxxiv. 168-169. 
— , quoted, xxxvii. 55 et seq. 
Kx-offirio members of council, xiv. 1, 7-8; 

XV. 76; xxxviii. 183-185. 
Examination scheme, xxi. 39-40. 
Examinations, publicity or secrecy, 

xxiv. 39-44, 45. 
Excavating machinery, xx. 159-162 ; 

plates xxxvi. -xli. 
Exchange of proceedings, xiii. 13, 91-92. 
Excursions, xii. 88-90; 1886, xxxv. 1-2; 

1887, xxxvi. 201-223. 
Exhaustibilit}^ of coal, not considered in 

rating, xxiii. 140-141, 147, 154 ef seq. 
Exhaustion of coal supplj', xxxvi. 143. 
Exhaustive power of steam jets, i. 48- 

49. 
Exhibition, London, 1851, iii. 71 ; I862, 

xi. 227 tf seq. 
— , mining, Madrid, xxxiii. abs. 46. 
— , Newcastle-on-Tyne, xxxvi. 123, 167, 

218, 222, 223 ; xxxvii. abs. i. ; xxxviii. 

abs. 24. 
Expansion, self-acting variable, winding- 
engine with, xxvi. 109-117 ; plates 

xiii.-xvii. 
— , variable, Guinotte system, xxvii. 181, 

183. 

— and counterbalancing applied to 
winding-engines, xxv. 201-214; plates 
li.-lix. 

— gearing for winding-engines, xxix. 3-6 ; 
plate i. 

— of air, iii. 90 et .sr.7., 359 et seq. ; tables 
i. 84, 85. 

- steam, saving by, xxiv. 107-108. 

— valve, Barclay, xx. 175-176; plate 
xlvii. 

Expansive pumpingengine, ditlerential, 
xxiii. 3-1.3 ; }>lates i.-ix. 
I Expenditure of Institute, iv. 29. 



Experimental boiler exploHions, xxxii. 
197-198; plates xxvii. xxviii. 

— connnittee, xii. 18. 

- errors, xxxi. 62, 66-67. 
Experiments, coal, Keyhain, xiv. 47. 
— , coal cleaning, xxxi. alw. 1 1. 
— , coal-dust, xxviii. 85. 
— , explosions, xxxi. abs. 8. 
— , gas, xxvii. 66. 

— , Haswell colliery, contraction of upcast- 
shafts, iv. 15. 

— , lighting power of safety-lamps, i. 332. 
— , motive power, viii. 54-55. 

— , natural ventilation, i. 79. 

— , pit timljer, xii. 37. 

— , pressure of gas in solid coal, xxx. 

163-260; xxxii. 123-132, 311. 
— , resistance to air-currents in mines, 

xxxviii. 205-218 ; plates xi. -xxiii. 
— , safety-lamps, i. 252-256, 310-318; 

viii. 43-45 ; xv. 101 ; xxxiv. 187, 293. 
— , steam-jet, ventilation, i. 39-47, 54-56, 

71-164, 165-183, 195-207- 
— , ventilation, iv. 29'i ; vii. 62. 
— , wire-ropes, viii. 17. 
Explanation of lightning discharge, 

xxxvi. 48. 
Exploration licence, xix. 164. 

— of dangerous gases, xxiv. 129- 130. 

lodes at Rio Tinto, xxxvii. 46 <l si i/. 

Explosion.s, xv. 205, 208, 213, 237, 242, 

246, 253, 271-281. 
— , anthracite collieries, xxxi. 184. 
— , boilers, causes of, xv. 5 ; xx. 53. 
— , boilers and other vessels, xxxii. 

191-200; 216-221 ; plates xxiv.-xxix. 
— , Burradon colliery, viii. 85, 161-170 ; 

ix. 55, 56. 
— , coal-dust, xxviii. 97-98, 157 ; xxix. 

17-21 ; xxxiv. abs. 78 ; xxxvii. 79, 80- 

85. 
— , Durham district, xxxiii. abs. 38. 
— , Felling colliery, ii. 30. 
— , fire-damp, xxxvii. abs. 9, 26-28. 

— , , Erckli, iii. 65. 

— , ^ — , prevention, xxxii. abs. 28. 

— , , Prussia, 1861-1881, xxxii. abs. 

75. 
— , flour-dust, xxviii. 159-163. 
— , France, xxxiii. abs. 68. 
— , French fire-damp commission, xxxi. 

abs. 14. 
— , grain warehouse, Hameln, xxxvii. 

abs. 22. 
— , (Jreat Fenton colliery, xxxiii. 6. 
— , height of barometer on days of, i. 298. 
— , Hettoii colliery, ix. 89, 93- 129, 160- 171. 
— , lamp-black furnaces, xxxvi. abs. 13. 
-, Lundhill colli'jry, v. 231 274. 

— , Monkw earmouth coUierv, ix. 250 ; 
xi. 1. 

-, Newbottle colliery, xv. 09- 102, 144, 

145. 
— , Northumberland and Uiirham, from 

1743 and from 1800, i. 292. 



08 



(iKNEUAI. INDKX TO TKANSACTIOXS. 



KxploHioiiH, Oaka colliery, xxv. '29-3S, 

142 144. 
-, l't>nyg«"«»it; colliery, xxxii. nhn. 7. 
— , Hyli<>|H) iiir-roceiver, xxxviii. H-4 rf 

Mttf. 

-, — — — , report, xxxvii. lit?. -17; 

pliiteM xli.-xlix. 
— , 8nfi'ty-liimp.s, xii. 7*2, 73 tt .i<(/. 
— , St. Hilda lolliery, xv. 53. 
— , 8»ltiiiiiR'8, xxxviii. 61. 
— , Sfiili;iiii colliiiy. xxxii. uhs. 0. 
— , Statoii liuru colliery, viii. S(i. 

— , velocity of propagation, xxxi. abs. 8 ; 
xxxii. ubs. 1*2. 

— and iKirometric chunges, v. !). 

— in iiiinca, xxv. 19.S. 

, prevention of, xxxi. al»s. 7. 

— — — , Prussian royal couuniasiou, 
xxxi. nbs. IH. 

Kxploaive agent.s, xxxviii. 36. 

— conipoumls, patents, xvii. app. ii. 
61-(»7, and plate ix. ; xviii. app. 31-33; 
xix. apj). iii. ;")4-r»r) ; xx. apj). ii. 19-20; 
xxi. app. ii. 17-IH ; xxii. app. ii. 24-25 ; 
xxiii. app. ii. 20; xxiv. ap]». ii. 22 23 ; 
xxv. app. ii. 23-24 ; xxxvii. abs. 45, 
49, 50. 

— gas, abstraction, from coal-mines, xviii. 
151-153, 157-1152; plates xl.-xli. ; xix. 
4-85. 

— gases, incandescent lamps in, xxxvii. 
abs. 73. 

- mixtmes of gases, xxxiii. abs. 69-70, 

102 ; xxxv. 10-12. 

, proportions, xxvii. 292-293. 

, safety-lamp experiments, 

xxxv. 18 et seq. 



Kxplosives, xix. 47 ; xxxi. abs. 27, 164 
xxxii. al)8. 15 16 ; xxxvi. abs. 27. 
, analy.sis, xxxiii. abs. 8. 



, experunents, xxxiu. 
xxxviii. al)s. 26-28, 56-57 



abs. 11-13 



, ])rice, xxxiii. 219. 
— , relative power, xxxvi. abs. 48. 

- , uao of, in coal mines, xxxv. 241 242. 
— , , , Melgium, regulations 

for, xxxiv. 273-274. 
Exjiortalion of coal, vi. 82-83 ; x. 41, 43, 

6:<, 64, 66-71; XV. 178, 181. 187 tl saq., 

237, 243, 244, 247, 250, 257, 258 ; xix. 

122, 1.S3, 167 ; xxiii. 200, 202, 203, 238. 
coke, XV. 237 ; xxiii. 200, 202, 203, 

238, 

Nova Scotiaii gj'])sum, xxx. 65-66. 

Extent of coal-field, ii. 103 ; iii. 5, 54, 55 ; 

vi. 35-37; xiii. 93, 04, 95; xxiii. 203 204. 

mines, iv. 63-64. 

mining concessions, xxvii. 150, I5(», 

160, 161. 
Extension of coal measures, xxiii. 186. 

— — nortliern coal field, pi'obable, xiii. 
87-89, [(;(), 202 203. 

Extinction of fire, Lundhill colliery, v. 

248 if .ii'ij. 
Extra copies of Transactions, iii. 3 ; viii. 

97. 

, printing, vii. 28-29. 

Extraction of cobalt and nickel from 

manganiforous minerals, xxxv. abs. 39. 
copper from pyrites, xxxviii. abs. 

32. 

iron-ores, xiii. 129. 

manganese from ore, xxxvi. 115. 

Eyam registry, quoted, xxxviii. 60. 



F. 



Fari.\n, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 68. 
Fabre, G. , quoted, xxxii. abs. 52 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 14. 
Fabry ventilator, vi. 145 ; xi. 98 ; xvi. 

60 et seq. ; xix. 226. 
Face airing, vii. 11, 31. 
Factories Act, India, xxxviii. 113, 133. 
Fairbairn, Sir Wm., experiments on 

rivetting, xviii. 9. 
—, quoted, iv. 113 tt seq.; xi. 39, 154, 

216 : xii. 8 ; xxix. 181 ; xxx. 78 etseq., 

89 ; xxxii. 194-197. 
— , rivetting machine, xviii. 4. 
Falco ySanciio, J.,(iuoted,xxxii. abs.50. 
Falkirk, coke-ovensat Almond ironworks, 

near, xxiv. 97-99. 
Falling cliff, zinc-mine, xxxiii. abs. 23. 
FallowHeld, xxiv. 75, 76, 77, 82. ^ 
— lead mine, explosion, xxxviii. 72. 
False bedding, xxxv. 121, 143, and 

section, 145. 
Famp beds, xxiv. 135. 
Fan-engine, Pelton, exi)eriments, xvi. 

124 ; plates xxxiii. -xxxiv. 



Fan ventilation, xxxviii. abs. 22. 

, Elsecar, xii. 27. 

Fans, Alexandre, xxxvi. abs. 46. 

— , Bowlker, xxxi. 93-103, 238-243. 

--, centrifugal, xxxvii. abs. 51. 

— , (iuibal, xiv. 73-81 ; plates Ixix.- 

Ixxi. ; xvi. 6-10, 42; xxxviii. abs. 

6:i 
— , — and Lemielle, comparison, xvi. 

50, 57-85. 
— , Kley, xxxvi. abs. 28. 
— , Pelzer, xxxt. abs. 9. 
— , regulator for, xxxv. abs. 72. 
— , Ser centrifugal, xxxvi. abs. 1. 
— , — portable, xxxvii. abs. 32. 
— , underground, xxxxai. abs. 44. 

— , various, xi. 89, 90; xix. 22.S, 2.33; 
xxxviii. 31. 

Faraday, Prof. Michael, quoted, viii. 

13 ; xi. 45, 47 ; xiii. 101. 
Farewell address, G. C. Greenwell, xxx. 

269-271. 
, J. Daglish, xxxv. 223-245. 

— rock, xxiii. 209, 212. 



I 



VOLUMES 1. TO XXXVIII. 



f;9 



Farey, J., quoted, xxxviii. 60. 

Farinaux, , quoted, xxxv. aha. 20. 

Farkass, R. von, quoted, xxxv. ahs. "ifi. 

F'arnacres colliery, section, xiii. 73. 

Fanideilo, xxxv. 126. 

Farne islands, xxvi. 122, 129. 

Farnhani stone, xxiii. ISO. 

Farnley wood, ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 

el seq. 
Faro, Catalonia, coal, analysis, xxxvi. 

35. 
Farringdon Gurney, section, xxvii. 97- 
series, xxvii. 89, 90 ; section, xxvii. 

97. 
— or second series, x. 107-108. 
Fassett coal, ix. 203 ; xxvii. 302 ; xxx. 

124 ; xxxvii. 13, 19. 
Fast needle surveying, xxxi. 34, 35. 
Fatfield colliery, explosion, xv. 199-200, 

207, 208. 
Fauck, a., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 9G. 
Faultiness of niinei'al statistics, xxxv. 

127. 
Faulting of coal, variations, xxxviii. 

49-58 ; plates ii. -iii. 
Faults, ii. 254-256; xix. 118, 126-128, 

131, 198; XX. 150-151; xxii. 116-119; 

xxiii. 67, 71, 77, 215-216; xxiv. 

177, 179 ; xxvii. 146-148, 157 ; xxviii. 

128, 130, 131-132, 140-141, and figures, 

xxviii. 155; xxx. 5, 9, 11, 13; xxxi. 

158-160, 178, 179, 181, 193, 221, 223, 

233-235 ; xxxii. 5, 351-352; xxxiii. 125, 

129,130, 136-137, 153; xxxvi. 105, 106. 
— , Annstead, xxxiii. 69-80 ; plate ii. 
— , Besseges coal-field, v. 30. 
— , Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire coal- 
field, X. 151, 152. 
— , Dumfi-iesshire and Cumberland, xi. 

82-85. 
— , Eppleton colliery, section, xiii. 212 ; 

description, 213. 
— , Great Northern coal-field, ii. 109. 
— , Moira coal-field, x. 162, 163. 
— , South Staffoi'dshire coal-field, x. 195- 

196. 
— , study on, xxxviii. abs. 56. 
Fauna, magnesian limestone, xxi. 270. 
Faurk, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
Faure-SelIjON-Volkmar accumulator, 

xxxiv. 6 1 . 
Faovelle boring system, ii. 59-60. 
Faversham powder works, xxxi. 188. 
Fawcet coal-seam, ix. 203 ; xxvii. 302 ; 

xxx. 124; xxxvii. 13, 19. 
Fawler, Oxon., iron ore-deposits, xxxv. 

123-124 ; sections and map, 145. 

— , — , , analyses, xxxv. 124. 

— , — , , output, xxxv. 124. 

Fayol, Henri, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 81, 

85; xxxv. abs. 62; xxxvi. abs. I, 8, 

10 ; xxxvii. abs. 47. 
Fayre, — , (pioted, xxxviii. 104. 
Feabon, Jos., quoted, xxxviii. 131. 
Fedden, Fr., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 75. 



Federation of Mining InHtituteH, xviii. 

29, 32-33 ; xxxv. 243 ; xxxvi. 167-200 ; 

xxxvii. 155-179; xxxviii. 42-43, 76-76a, 

221. 
Fecd-ajjparatus for coal-testing, Key- 
ham, xiv. 48-49 ; plate iv. 
Feed-jug, boiler-mounting, xi. 49-50, 216 ; 

diagram, facing 50. 
Feeders of water, v. 44, 45, 47, 56-57, 

120, 123, 126, 128; xiii. 205, 206; xxxi. 

67, 157 ; xxxii. 5, 6. 

, Pelton colliery, iii. 44, 48. 

-, Ryhope, etc., v. 148 ct acq. 

Feeding and management of colliery 

Viorses, xxxii. 61-116,154-174 ; plate xii. 

— pump, Daussin automatic, xxxvii. 
abs. 68. 

Fees, iv. 29 ; xi. 222. 
— ; proposed, vii. 173-174. 
Feistmantel, Dr. 0., quoted, xxx. 3, 19. 
Felis Kirk or Felix Kirk, v. 206 ; xxxv. 

125 ; section, vii. 86. 
Felkington new pit, ix. 205, 218-220. 
Fell, John, loelcome to institute, Barrow, 

xxxii. 223. 
Fell Top limestone, xiii. 186 ; xiv. 9, 10, 

II, 13, 14, 35, 43, 44, 70; xviii. 169; 

xxiv. 74, 80 ; xxxiv. 130, and section, 

136; xxxvii. 12, 13. 
Felling colliery, xv. 212. 

, explosion, 1812 ; viii. 42. 

, plan of workings, ii. 33, plate i. 

, split air ventilation, i. 242. 

, waggons, xix. 182, 183. 

— ironworks, v. 213. 
Felspar, xxv. 82. 

— coal washers, xxxiv., abs. 58-60. 
Felstone dykes xxxvi. 39 ; section, 40. 
Female labour, xxx. 2J. 

, Belgian collieries, xxvii. 177-178. 

Fenham mines, xv. 181. 

— waterworks, xxiv. 89, 90. 
Fennema, R., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 67. 
Fenwick, Thos. , quoted, xv. 245. 
Ferdinand gold-mine, xxxv. 85. 
Ferfay Colliery Co., xxvii. 161. 
Ferkes coal-seams, xxvii. 149. 
Ferkes Colliery Co., xxvii. 162. 
Fernhill colliery, New Zealand, xxxv. 203. 
Ferrand, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 29. 
Ferranti - Thompson, alternating - cur- 
rent machine, xxxiv. 18 ; plate vi. 

Ferric sulphates, natural, Chile, xxxviii. 

abs. 2. 
Ferrie, Wm., utilization of blast-furnace 

gases, XX. 163-167 ; plates xiii. -xliv. 
Ferrie coking process, xxii. 18. 
Ferrous sulphate, xiii. 225-226. 

— — , action on boiler plating, xxxiii. 
abs. 78. 

Ferruginous beds, Ulster, xxxii. abs. 1. 

— oolite, xxv. 66, 67- 
Ferryhill coal-mines, xv. 179. 

— limestone, xxi. 265, 26S. 
Ffestiniog, xxxvi. 103, 104, 105. 



70 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Kibr«»iw iron boiler- platwi), xxx. 7-. 
KiKi.iusti it IMjvrr, iiuoU-tl, xxxiii. 0«l. 
KuTy Itiiiul oottl-Hi'iiiii, Moi'lioii, xxxii. '.i'21. 

— iiiiiicsi, lUlgium, rt';;iilati«>ius ifgiirdiiig, 
xxxiv. --'7 1 •-'7;«, -•7ti, -'S I --'h;*. 

— — , Eughniil, I'liiiolfl iiiiil Agiiilloa's 
ruport, xxxi. u '2ii ; plules i.xi. 

, ignition of ahotH, xxxvii. aba. 30. 

— — , IVuasia, regulations regarding, 
XXXV. I«7 17*2. 

FiKK, Du. (Jko. , safoty-lamp, i. 'Jdlt "270. 
Kife.shue ilislrict, xx. l.SS, U.S. 
Kiflli limestone, xxviii. H'.i, 114, I'2(J, 
rJl>, i:U ; section, I.'m : xxxiv. i'2G, 
l-.'ll : section, l.SG. 
Filioes, xxx. 19. 
FilioH river, iii. 66. 
Filtration tlieory, xiv. 'Jll, 3*2, Xi. 
Finance coinniittee, duties, ix. 'Jl-3. 

— , report, vi. pp. x.-xiv. ; ix. 65-67, 
•231-234; xii. 145 et ■^iq. ; ii. pp. xiii.- 
xvi. 
Finances of Institute, xxv. •249-250; xxvi. 

159 ; xxvii. "284. 
Fuie jiggers, Liihrig, xxix. 162-163; 

plate xxvi. 
Finedon, xxxv. 135, 136, 137 ; section, 

145. 
Fineness of dust as affecting explosions, 
xxxiv. ^208 ^t .s< q. 

gold, table, xxxi. 170. 

-, Transylvania, xxxv. 82. 

FiNEUSE, — , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 60. 
Finland, mineral statistics, xxxiii. abs.34. 
Fire, caused by heated air in upcast shafts, 

xiii. 53 ft M:<i. 104. 
— , VVarora colliery, xxxviii. 97-104. 
Fire- and choke-damp indicators, xv. 163, 

165-173; xvi. •2-3. 
Fire-bars, Jordan, xviii. 53 106, 114. 
Fires, underground, India, xxxviii. 97- 

104. 
Fire-brick lining, shafts, ix. 68, 69 ; x. 

153. 
— — — , upcast shafts, xi. 23 et seq. ; 

xii 25, 26. 
Fire-bricks used for Coppee coke-ovens, 
I txxii. ; plate xxx. 

Fire-clay. ii. 236 ; iii. 13, 19, 21 ; vi. 48 ; 
/xiii. 46; xxii. 116; xxiii. 215; xxv. 
. 8S-&9. 

, Hungarj-, xxxiv. abs. 2,3. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 91. 

, Woodifield colliery, viii. 91. 

Fire-damp, iii. 65 ; xxviii. '206. 

, accidents, Prussia, xxxiii. abs. 40-41. 

, analyser, xxxii. abs. 6. 

, clearing mine of, xxxvii. abs. 69. 

, detection, xxxvii. abs. 45. 

, escape-observations, xxxvi. 44 ; 

plate vi. 

, experiments, French commission, 

xxxi. abs. 14. 

, — , Prussian commission, xxxi. 

abs. 13 ; xxxvii. abs. 80-85. 



Firedamp, explosions, France, xxxvii. 
aba. 26-28. 

— -, — , prevention of, xxxii. abs. 28. 

— — , — , Prussia, 1861-1881, xxxii. abs. 
75. 

, France, xxxiii. 67 ; xxxvii. abs. 

26.-28. 

, ignition by sparks, xxxvi. abs. 41. 

, issue of, and atmospheric presaure, 

xxxvi. abs. '28. 

— , metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 59 r/ 

, outbursts foretold by earth-shakes, 

xxxiii. 179-183; plates xiv. -x v.; xxxiv. 

168 17'2. 
— , Pennsylvania, anthracite-mines 

xxxi. 85 91. 

, production, xxxv. al)8. 34. 

-— — , Reschit/a, xxxvii. abs. 9. 

, Strafford .Main, IJarnsley, outburst 

of, xvii. 4*2, 43-51, 55-60, 81-86, 106-113; 

plates v., vi. 
, subsistence at high tension, i. 276- 

299 ; ii. 1 1 et seq. 
, sudden outbursts, xxxvii. abs. 72. 

— - , variations in volume, xxxvii. abs. 
77. 

and barometric changes, i. '276 ; v. 9. 

earthquakes in mines, xxxviii. 

abs. 18. 
earth-shakes, xxxiii. 179-183 ; 

plates xiv., xv. 
FiKE-DAMP Commission, Prussia, xxxii. 

abs. 64. 
Fire-damp consuming lamp, xxxii. abs. 44. 
in mines, and earthquakes, xxxviii. 

abs. 18. 

— —indicators, xv. 163, 165-173, 288; 
xvi. 2, 3 ; xxvi. 133 ; xxvii. 67-68 <■/ 
.ser/.; xxxi. 1'28-1'29 ; xxxiv. 285-286; 
plate xl. ; xxxv. 62. 

, Ansell, XV. 165. 

, Lewis, xxxvi. 73-77 ; plate xii. 

, Liveing, xxxvii. 6-7. 

, Pieler spirit-lamp as, xxxviii. 

177- 182b ; plates v. -viii. 
Fire stink, x. 192, 196. 
Fires, boiler or engine, i. 139 et seq. 
— in mines, x. 180 ; xv. 205, 247. 
Firestone, Minera, xxiv. 154-155. 
Firing of steam boilers, xxix. 30. 

, economically considered, xix. 

] 63-69; plates XV. -xviii. 

— shots, system, xxxviii. abs. 62-63, 66. 
FiKKET, Ad., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
FiRMSTONE, Frank, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

29. 
First Eiuropean mine, Formosa, xxxiv. 

74-75 ; section, 74. 
First limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 126, 

127, P29, 130; sections, 155; xxxiv. 

1-26-128; sections, 136. i 

— pit, (iosforth, xxxviii. 190. ' 
Firth, Wm., cocd-cuttiny machines, xiv. 

I 105, 119 etseq. 



i 



A 



VOUTMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



71 



Firth of Forth to Tees, geological map, 
xii. facing 149. 

Fischbacli valley borehole, xxviii. 18-19. 

P^ish-pass, Hury rescrN'oir, xxxiv. 2(51. 

Fisiied rails, xxx. 33, 34, 30 at .smj. 

FisuEK, Rev. O., quoted, xxxi. 64, 65, 66. 

Fishes, fossil, in Commentry coal-mea- 
sures, xxxvii. abs. 8l). 

Fish-pond, section, xxvii. 97. 

Fitters, xv. 2()'2, 205-206. 

FiT7AV 1 1,1,1AM, Lady Alice, patent amlm- 
lance, xxxvii. 260. 

Five and lialf feet coal, sections, xi. 76, 78. 

Five feet band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 
323, 327, 342, 348. 

coal-seam, xxxiii. 123, 124, 133 ; 

sections, xi. 76, 78. 

— quarter coal-seam, ii. 144, 166, 214- 
215, 263, 264, 266, 275, 277, 279 ; iv. 
272, 273, 279; xiii. 42, 47; sections, 
V. 119; xiii. 73-75, 77, 208, 209; 
xxxvii. 6, 7, 15, 126. 

, Dipton, ix. 20 et see/. 

, nip-out, xxxviii. 53, 55. 

, pillar workings, viii. 92-93. 

— yard limestone, xiii. 186 ; xxxiv. 130 ; 
section, 136 ; xxxvii. 12, 13, 19. 

Fixed steam-engines, coal haulage, iii. 

275-280, 287-313. 
Flaggy Creek pit heading, survey, xxxviii. 

13-16 ; plate i. 
Flameless explosives committee, xxxviii. 

43, 220. 
Flames, coal-dust experiments, length, 

xxxiv. 206 et seq. 

— , , speed, xxxiv. 242. 

— , nature, xxxv. 3-4. 

— , safety-lamps, xxxv. 7 et neq. 

Flanged-flued boilei's, xxx. 75 ; plates 

xx.-xxi. 
Fi,ANNERY, — , quoted, xxxi. 187, 195. 
Flap, connecting boilers, iv. 118-119. 
Flash flues, xviii. 122. 
Flashing point, mineral-oil, xxxviii. 8 

et seq. 
Flat dams, xxxii. 222. 

— hemp ropes, xxvii. 178, 254 et seq. 

— Manilla hemp winding-ropes, xxxiv. 
abs. 55-56. 

— ore, xxviii. 129. 

— ropes, winding coil on coil, xx. 206- 
207, 213 et seq. ; plate Iviii. 

— wings, inferiority of ventilators with, 
xvi. 66-72. 

Flats, xxviii. 129. 

— in veins, xviii. 167. 

— of oie, xxxi. 219, 220. 
Flechinelle Colliery Co., xxvii. 162. 
Fleohner, Rudolf, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 4. 
Fleetham coal, xxxiii. 73 ; xxxvii. 13, 19. 
Fleitmann, Dr., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 10. 
Flenu coal-seams, iv. 289, 290. 
Fletcher, — , Cumberland coal-field, 

xxxiii. 122-126, 128, 136, 138, 140. 
— , quoted, xxx. 55, 56. 



Fletcher, H. quoted, xix, app. i. 5, 13, 

17 ; xxxiv. 86. 
Fletcher, Isaac, (juoted, xxxii. 359 ; 
xxxiii. 123, 130, 145; xxxiv. 100, 102, 
104. 
Fletcher pit, xxviii. 127, 136, 149; plan 

and section, 155. 
Fleuss, — , apparatus for breathing in 
noxious gases, xxxi. l't7-203 ; plates 
xxxiii. -xxxvi. ; xxxviii. 100. 
— , (juoted, xxxi. 133. 
Flimby Wood colliery, xxxiii. 131, 137, 

140, 145. 
Flint, J as., Lundhill coUiei'y exjiloxion, 

V. 240. 
Flint-masses, Mourage, xxi. 13. 
Flintshire, cannel coal-seam, xix. 75-83 : 

plates xix.-xxii. 
— , coal-field, xxv. 85, 94-95. 
— , collieries, list, xxv. 96. 
— , metalliferous mines, list, xxv. 92-93. 
— and Denbighshire, mineral resources, 

xxv. 81-100. 
Float, safety, for boilers, xi. 215-216. 
— , — , — — , Turnbull alarm whistle, 

xi. 30, 49. 
Flodden, xxx. 124. 
Flood and Daollsh safety-lamp, xvii. 

38, 40. 
Flooding of collieries, xiii. 97 ; xxv. 99- 
100; xxxiv. 111-112. 

Nanticoke mine, xxxv. abs. 56. 

Floods, XV. 211, 236, 246, 250. 

Flora, fossil, xxx. 19. 

— , la Grand'Combe, xxxvi. abs. 10. 

Flory, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 16. 

Flour-dust, explosions, xxix. 20. 

Flour - mills, Minneapolis, explosion, 

xxviii. 159-163. 
Flourens, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
Flued coke-ovens, experiments with, viii. 

129. 
Flues, boilers, xxix. 92-99. 
— , — , explosion, ix. 93 et seq., 160-163 

et seq. 
— , coke-ovens, viii. 117-118, 129; ix. 6, 
10 et seq., 35 et seq. 

— , , cost, viii. 1 33. 

Fluids, elastic, laws relating to, iii. 322, 

324. 
Fluor spar, annual production, xxi. 186, 

196. 
Flushing harbour, xxiv. 223, 224, 225, 

226 ; plan, 232. 
Fly-wheel on pumping-engines, xxi. 57, 

65-66, 91. 
Fohnsdorf, Styria, coal-tield, xxxviii. abs. 

50. 
Folkestone to St. Margaret's, section, 

xxxii. 22. 
F'oNTANNES, F., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 
1 24. 
1 Food, importation, xxxvi. 150, 151-153. 

— , statistics, xxxvi. t52-l53 
I Foot coal, xxxvii. 15. 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIOiNS. 



F(K»TK, R. Bri'ck, «iuotc'il, xxxiii. ahu. 

:W ; xxxiv. ftl)8. 15. 
Footc'H cottlmiiii', XXXV. LSI. 
KoKiit'-s, David, t|uuti(l, xxviii. 144, 148. 
KoRliE-S, I'lloK., iltlrrtioii uj' j/nv I'w rixlt- 

mints, xxix. I7I-I74, I7r). 
Force Cruj{ iiiiiie, xxxiv. I'J4. 
Korce-niiiiips, veiitihiti. n l»y, xii. 176. 
Force«l (Iriiuglit, xxxvi. 141. 
Forcett limustone, xxi. '-'(JS, '2(>'J. 

<iu»irry, xxi. 'J.'iU'JtiO ; Hi'i-lioii, -70. 

Fonl coiniium dyke, ix. 1!1'2. 

— intms dyke. ix. lO'J. 

Foreij^n iib«tiiiot8, xvi. 1-2; xxxi. 7«'>-76, 
and end of voIh. xxxi-xxxviii. 

— iintlinicites, xxxi. 176- 

— lx)iler in8|>ecti<)n .societies, xxix. 28-35. 

— boilers, inspection, xxviii. 253. 

— competition, xxxii. 140; xxxvi. 150- 
157. 

— hay, xxxii. 80. 

— minerals, xi. app. 6-9. 

— oats, injurious, xxxii. 73-74. 

— papers, abstracts of, xvi. 1-2; xxxi. 
75-76 ft sttj. ; and end of vols, xxxi.- 
xxxviii. 

FoREi,, F. A., i|Uoted, xxxviii. abs. 18. 

Forest of Dean, iron ores, xxviii. 221, 229. 

Form of luematite-depo.sits, xxxi. 219-223. 

Formation and origin of coal, xi. 163- 
175 ; xii. 31-34 ; xxv. KS-19 ; diagrams, 
22; XXXV. abs. 33; xxxvii. 15, 123- 
124. 

— of coal-bearing strata, xi. 166-170 ; 
xxiii. 167-169 ; xxvii. 146. 

gold-deposits, xxxi. abs. 42. 

Institute, report on, i. 1-2, 3-4. 

mineral-veins, xxxv. abs. 3. 

Formations, ii. 257. 

— , table, xxv. 73-75. 

Former classifications, xxv. 226-227. 

Formosa, coal, xvi. 74. 

— , coal-production, xxxiv. 75. 

— , Northern, coal-mining, xxxiv. 67-79, 

190 ; plate xii. 
— , — , fossils, xxxiv. 81-82. 
Formulje for air velocity in pipes, iii. 207- 

211. 
converting barometric pressures, 

iii. 173-178. 

horse-power of ventilation, xxxii. 15. 

• ventilation, i. 60-62. 

— relating to flow of gas through pipes, iii. 
212-216. 

FoKKEST, B. J., Bilbao iron-ore district, 

xxxiii. 213-235. 
FoRSTKK, — , Cleveland iromslcmt, vi. 9. 
FoKSTER, B. R., quoted, xxxi. abs. 31, 45. 
FoRSTER, G. B., ahslriu-tion of explosive 

(jan from coal-nmie-i, xviii. 151, 153; 

xix. 84. 
— , ahstracfs of foreign j>a}jers, xxxi. 76. 
— , accident at Eppleton, v. 158-159. 
— , age of coal formation.^, xi. 141. 
— , alteration-'i in bye-laivi, xxxviii. 76b. 



FoiLSTER, <J. U., Annnteail fdidt, xxxiii. 

80. 
— , anmud rtport, xxxviii. 221. 

, Harrow ISSS inettiw/, xxxii. 223-224. 
--, boiler ex pi o.iiuiiM, xxxii. 221. 
— , liowlktr renttlatiiii/ fait, xxxi. 238, 

243; xxxii. 32, 33. 
-, hrncia i/iishis tind earth shakiM, xxxiii. 

175, 176," 177, 1^3. 
— , liroailheiU nnfety-raije, xvi. 31. 
— , Jiuriietf roller mining indtje and nick 

iny tnarhinr, xxxv. 99, lOi), 101. 
— , Cidoir safely-cagi , xvi. 2S. 
— , Chaiiwl tunnel, xxxii. 16, 18, 23. 
— , rhr(tnlrli'.s of colli trade, xvi. 6. 
— , cla-sni/icalioii of c<irlioniferoiin, xiv. 71- 
— , ciud-cnttimj machine, xii. 48 et neq. 
— ,co<d mining in New Zealand, xxxv. 220. 

, conveyance of coal underground, xvi. 

91. 

— , cost of pumping, xvii. 24, 27. 
, Cumberland coal-field, xxxii. 357, 361 ; 
xxxiii. 121, 123, 128, 1.36, 148. 

-, danger of xparLs from prickem and 
utemmem, xxxiii. 9 et mrj., 61 

— , Dariex coal-cMltimj machine, xix. 61. 

— , detection of inflammable gax in small 
(pianlitiex, xxvi. 136. 

— , diamond rock boring, xxxi 46-47. 

— , drift in cocU-meannre.H, xiii. 159, 160. 

— , econo?nic</J working of boilers in col- 
lieries, xxxviii. 227-228. 

— , electric lighting, xxxiv. 62. 

— , endless chain in Spain, xxxiii. 212. 

— , experiments ivith coal-dvst, xxxiv. 306, 
307. 

— , explosion of air -receiver, Ryhope. 
xxxvii. 213. 

— , federation of Mining Instituleb, 
xxxviii. 76 a. 

— , feeding of colliery horses, xxxii. Ill, 
1.54, 160-161, 174. 

— , fire-damp explosions, Pennsylvania, 
xxxi. 91. 

— , Flaggy creek pit heading, xxxviii. 16. 

— , Fumess haematite, xxxi. 237, 238. 

— , gas at Strafford main colliery, xvii. 
.56 et seq., 113 ; xxv. 105. 

— , gauzeless safety-lamp, xxxvii. 72, 74. 

— , geology of Border districts, xi. 197, 201, 
202, 205. 

— , Glasgow 1870 meeting, xix. 90, 91. 

— , Hartlej' colliery accident, xi. 100, 
141-142, 143-157 ; xii. 3 et seep 

— , Helton colliery explosion, ix. 91. 

— , — safety-lamp experiments, xvii. 2, 
4, .34, 61. 

— , india-rubber for pulley carriages, xx. 
80 ; plate xxxiii. 

— , internal stress in cylindrical and sphe- 
rical dams, xxxii. 222. 

— , internationcU exhibition, 1862, xi. 3. 

— , jet mining, xxxi. 57, 58. 

— , Jones and Bidder coed-breaking ma- 
chine, xix. 97. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVITI. 



FoRSTER, G. U., Kind-Ghaudron Iwriii.;/ 
ny.sleM, xxi. 1 1 et seq. 

LemieUe ventilator, xviii. (JO, 61. 

liijht minerat oils ax luhrir(mtf<, xxxviii. 
10." 

lightninf] ill, pit, Went Thorideyrolliary, 
xxxiii. 92. 

Lloyd rejitilafivi/ fan, xix. 6-7. 

lumjirall ii'orking, xix. 87- 

ma<ine>ii(in limestone, xiv. 28, 29, ^^0, 
31, 32, 33, 34. 

, Durham, xiii. 205-213. 

me.chanical filokinij, xviii. 41 et .scry., 
89, 98. 

meetimfH of Institute, xxxi. 49-50. 

Middl'esbro' -salt, xiii. 93, 94, 96. 

miners^ waye.s, xiii. 158. 

mining coal by compresned lime, xxxiii. 
18. ■ 

— in moimtain limestone, xviii. 150- 
151 ; xix. 92, 94, 95, 105. 

non-conducting coveri^ig for steam- 
pipes, xxxi. 83, 85 ; xxxii. 178. 

overwinding, xxix. 229. 

Pease A: Partner's donation, xvii. 42. 

Pernolet and AguiUon's report, xxxi 
27-28. 

presents model of wrought-iron beam, 
xvi. 128. 

presidential address, xxxi. 123-142. 

pressure of gas in solid coal, xxxii. 
317. 

progress of Institute, xxxviii. 221. 

proposed committee on ventilators, 
xxvii. 119. 

proposed record of borings, xvi. 6. 

prosperity of Institute, xxxiii. 237- 

quoted, xii. 1 ; xiii. 100, 101, 103, 
224 ; XV. 142, 225 ; xxv. 9 ; xxxv. 241 ; 
xxxvii. 16 ; xxxviii. 35, 36. 

Ramsey and Cooke signal indicator, 
xix. 98. 

report of committee on smohe question, 
xviii. 37-39. 

revision of rides, xxvi. 131. 

safety-hooks, xxix. 230, 231. 

safety-lamp locks, xviii. 2. 

safety-lampis, xii. 75. 

shrinkage of paper, xxxv. 45. 

smoke consumers, xvii. 75. 

spontaneous combustion of coal, xxv. 
Il7 e< seq. 

steam-boilers, xviii. 108 et seq. 

steel supports for main roads in mines, 
xxxvii. 244. 

surveying with loose needle, xxxi. 40. 

Swan electric safety -lamp, xxxi. 115, 
.19; xxxv. 55-56, 63-64. 

— improved electric safety-lam}), xxxvi. 
i, 9, 10. 

Su-ete electric safety-lamp, xxxviii. 
17, 18, 19. 

tail-rope committee's report, xvi. 106 ; 
xviii. 61-62, 72 et seq. 

technical educntioii, xviii. 7- 



FoRSTicR, G. B., technir/d education, 

committee's report, xviii. 149-150. 
— , testing of safety-lamps, xxxv. 43. 
— , theory of Amslir jdanimeler, xxviii. 

216. 
— , Thompson centrifugal /ndverizer, 

xxxiii. 120, 236, 237! 
— , Iratismission of power \)y steam, xxxvi. 

28. 
— , underground conveyance, Cleveland, 

xvi. 92 et seq. 

—, , Pe/ton colliery, xvi. 102, 104. 

— , — temperature, xxxi. 71- 

— , use of salt for layinq coal-dust, xxxi. 

147. 150. 
— , variations in fiinltinq of coal, xxxviii. 

54, 57. 
— , visit to Clereland, xxxi. 115. 
— , vote if thanks to Sir Loivthian Bell, 

xxxvii. 259. 
— , Watson collection of colliery plans, 

xvii. 53-54. 
— , West Cumberland ha'matite-deposits, 

xxviii. 222. 
— , Wolf safety-lamp, xxxiv. 295. 
— , Wood memoricd hall, xvii. 31, 32 ; 

xix. 74. 
— , working main coal, Moira, xxxii. 221. 
FoRSTER, John Akch., quoted, xxx. lOli. 
FoRSTER, J. R., quoted, xxi. 118. 
FoRSTER, Richard breccia gashes and 

earth shakes, xxxiii. 174, 175-176, 177. 
— , experiments with coal-dust, xxxiv. 248- 

249. 
— , feeding of colliery horses, xxxii. 113- 

114. 
— , Haswdl mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 

55-56. 
— , mining coal by compressed lime, xxxiii. 

16-18. 
— , quoted, xxxiv. 167. 
FoRSTER, Thomas E., apjmntment of 

T. W. Bunning, xvi. 128. ' 

— , attendance of member.^, xvi. 42-43. 
— , Bastier chain-puni}), xv. 135 et seq. 
— , Burradon colliery e.vplosion, viii. 164- 

1C6. 
— , chronicles of coal trade, xvi. 6. 
— , chtssifcation of carboniferous, xiv. 70. 
— , coal-cutting machines, xiv. 116 et seq. 
— , committee on endless-chain and tail- 
rope, xiv. 112, 113 e^ seq. 
— , conveyance of coal underground, xvi. 

50. 
— , cost of pumping, xvii. 26, 27. 
— , days of meetings, xvi. 1 1 2. 
— , direct -actinq engine, Towneley, xv. 140 

etseq., 298. " 
— , enlargemeni of in.^ititute, xv. 78, 79. 
— , fire and choke-damp indicators, xv. 

163, 164; xvi. 2, 3. 
— , Galloway smoke consumer, xvii. 63. 
— , gas, Strafford main colliery, xvii. 42, 

56 et seq., 106 et seq. 
— , Guibal rentilator, xvi. 10. 



71 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



FoRSTKK, Thomas K., Uittim lollitry 

ruitiosiim, ix. \'l',i l'2iy. 
— , - tin/tit/ /aiii/i fxptniHuits, xvii. 2. 
— , iuauguriil tt<Ulrc«8, xv. "jM-'J-'iyJ. 

, inttriitititnuii uhiliiliuit, ISH,', xi. 3. 
— , JoiiiM unit HidiUr roallirutkimj via- 

chini', xix. 13. 
— , Leijrunil rhair Mtipirn, xvii. 3'2. 
— , loiujii^iU irorkinij, xvi. 107 it "tV- 
— , memoir, xxv. 5- 10. 

, ininiiiij ci>/Uyf, xi. '2*20, '2'2I, '2'2'.i. 
— , Ntwhotllf rollkiy iXplDn'um, xv. 14;'). 
— , preHident, election, xv. 70-77. 
— , prfniilential itildie.iM, Lnnt Ariiiifronij, 

xxii. 57. 
— , present of mwlel clip-pulley, xvi. 133. 
— , pro/uhHrd record of linriiiij'i, xvi. 6. 
— , propoaes Earl Vane as patron, xv. 

294. 
— , quoted, i. -2 : ii. '274 ; v. 249, 250 ; 

xiii. 216; xv. 257; xviii. 20, 21; 

xxxiii. 123; xxxv. 225 ; xxxvii. 9, 10; 

xxxviii. 31. 
— , itaftty-raije fomtni/tt<', xvi. 128. 
— , — caije-s, xvi. 106, 128. 
— , itnioke-roti.iumer.1, xvii. 69 tl stq. 
— , milhscription-i to l)u<titnte, xii. 148. 
— , tail-ro}ie.x, xv. 90 et seq., 144. 
— , technical education, xvii. l04. 
— , tuliinij horehole.-^, x. 249. 
— , uiulenjroiuid haitJaije, I'tlton,\vi. 127- 
— , vice-president, election, ix. 247. 
— , vote of thanks, xvii. 114. 

_, to E. F. lioyd, XX. 222. 

— , President, xi. 226. 

— , wash, Durham cofd-Jield, xiv. 6. 
— , Wood memorial hall, xvii. 31. 
FoRSTEK, J UN., T. E., coal nodules from 

the borehole seam, Newcastle, New 

South Wales, xxxvii. 145-150; plates 

xxxiii.-xxxvi. 
— , correlation of coai-seams. Northern 

En(jland, xxxvii. 126. 
— , r/a<j(ji/ creek jtii heading, xxxyiii. 16. 
— , /i</ht mineral oils o-s lidiricaiUs, xxxviii. 

12." 
— , Swete electric safety-lamp, xxxviii. 18. 
FoRSTEB, Westgarth, quoted, xxiv. 1 33, 

134. 
— , Section of Strata, xi. 135. 
FoR-sTER AND RoBiNSON, safety -hooks, 

xxix. 212. 
F()BSTER, Walker and Co., quoted, iii. 

app. 2. 
Forster pit, xix. 123. 
FoKSYTH, — , quoted, xxxii. 195. 
Forth bridge, xxxv. 229, 231. 
Fortune pit, (iosforth, xxxviii 190. 
Forty fathom dyke, xiii. 45, 46-47. 
Forty-five (ferromangauese), xxxvi. 115. 
Fossil fauna, vi. 34-35, 38. 

— flora, vi. 33-34; xii. 41; xxxv. 176, 
177, 204. 

, Lindleyand Hutton, v. 64. 

— fuels, compression, xxxiv. abs. 46. 



Fossil hydro-carbona, Scandinavia, xxxv. 
abs. 25. 

— trees, low main coal-seam, viii. 100. 
-- vegetable matter, xxxi. 225. 

— wood, xxxi. 216. 
Fossils, ix. 188 189; xii. 207-213; xxiii. 

251 253; xxiv. 7, 25, 27, 28; xxxi. 
216, 225, 228. 
— , bouhler clay, xiii. 172, 174. 

, Canonbie coal-formation, xi. 70, 71, 
77. 

— , characteristic, xix. 106. 
— , numfriesshire and (!umbcrlaii<l, xi. 

68, 71. 
— , four-fathom limestone, Noitliumbcr- 
land, xxiv. 142. 

— , (?) hii-matite, xxviii. 124-125, 139-140, 
226, 234. 

— , Lindley and Hutton collection, xxv. 
1-3 ; xxxii. 179. 

— , lists of, xxiv. 141-145, 149-150. 

— , metiiod of drawing, xxxiii. abs. 85. 

— , New South Wales, vi. 33, 34. 

— , North Formosa, xxxiv. 81. 

— , Nortiuimberland, ix. 1S8; xxiv. 142. 

— , presented by P. Cooper, xi. 177. 

— , Saarliruoken coal-field, xxviii. 13. 

— , South Wales coal- field, xxiii. 251. 

Foster, Prok. C. Le Neve, quoted, 

xxxvi. 104, 105 ; xxxviii. 64. 
FotiieR(;ill, B., quoted, viii. 125-126. 
F<)THEK(;iij^, J., spontaneous comlnistion 

of coal, xxv. 120 et seq. 
FoUGERAT, E. J., quoted, xxxii. aba. 

81. 
Foul coal, plan, xi. 74 ; sections, xi. 75. 
FouLLON, H. B. VON, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

35. 
Foundation, Durham College of Science, 

XX. pp. ix.-xiii., 112. 
— , Institute, xv. 54-55, 246. 
Four-decked cages, xxiii. 40. 
Four fathom limestone, xiii. 186; xxiv. 

134 et siq.; sections, xxiv. 150, 151 ; 

xxv. 48-5U, 53 ; section, 78 ; xxvii. 17, 

18; XXX. 123; xxxiii. 71, 74; xxxiv. 

130; section, 136; xxxvii. 12, 18. 

— feet anthracite seam, xxxi. 179. 
band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 

323, 327, 342, 348. 

— — coal-seam, xxxiii. 135, 139, 151 ; 
sections, 162; xxxiv. 132-135 ; sections, 
136. 

— mile creek, New South Wales, vi. 46, 
48. 

FouRDRiMEB, Edward, experiments on 

springs, viii. 7. 
— , quoted, x. 85 ; xv. 243. 
—, safety cage, xv. 108, 117, 118; xvi. 

106. 
Fourier,—, quoted, iv. 249. 
Fourlaws coal, xxii. 114-115; xxxvii. 12. 
Fourstones, xxvii. 15, 16 17. 

— coal, xxxvii. 12. 

— quarries, xxiv. 138. 



Volumes i. to xxxviii. 



75 



Fourteenth century, coal mining, xv. 

178-lHl. 
Fourth limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 126, 
I'iiS, I. '{4 ; sections, xxviii. 155 ; xxxiv. 
1'2G, 1-29; sections, i;«i. 
Fowey harbour, xxvii. 133. 
Fowi.KR, (_jiKO., apparatus for loading and 
unloailing pit-cages, xxiii. 29-41 ; plates 
xi.-xiv. 
— , hydraulic winding-gear, xxiii. 29-41 ; 
plates xi.-xiv. 
-, method of abstracting explosive gas 
from coal-mines, xviii. 152, 153, 157- 
162; plates xl.-xli.; xix. 84-85. 

— , working main coal-seam, Moira, 

X. 161-165. 

— , coal by longvvall, xix. 27-37, 

86, 87 ; plates, ix.-x. 
— , quoted, xx. 213, 214 ct seq.; xxi. 219. 
— , scroll drum, xxi. 85-90 ; plates xxiii. - 

xxiv. 
Fowler & Co., portable engine and 

pump, xvi. 92 et .seq. 
— , quoted, xxvi. 152. 
Fowler & Co., John, quoted, xxi. ^75. 
Fox corrugated flues, xxx. 267- 

tubes, xxxii. 217, 218, 220. 

Foxdalc lead mines, carbon dioxide, 

xxxviii. 67, 170. 
Frameries, Guibal fan, xvi. 6-10, 11-21, 

and plates i.-iii. 
Framwellgate colliery, xv. 238 ; section, 
xiii. 77. 

. Rammell ventilator, xix. 227-228 ; 

plate xlii. 

, sundry experiments, xii. 37-39. 

, ventilation, xxvii. 111. 

France, Alais, coal-fields, xxxv. abs. 31. 
— , AUier, co^-l formation, xxxvi. abs. 10. 
— , Anjou, coal-measures, xxxv. abs. 24. 
— , anthracite production, xxxi. abs. 34- 

35. 
— , Aubin coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 20. 
— , boring for petroleum, xxxv. abs. 27. 
— , Central, iron-ores, xxxvii. abs. 11-13. 
— , coal, ii. 22^. 
— , coal-fields, vi. 48, 73-84. 
— , coal-gas explosions, xxxiii. abs. 68. 
— , coal-measure waters, xxxii. abs. 4 ; 

xxxv. abs. 1-2. 
— , coal production, xxvii. 151, 152, 153, 
156, 157, 167, 169; xxxi. abs. 34-35; 
xxxii. abs. 36 ; xxxvii. abs. 78. 

— , and consumption, iv. 287 ; vi. 

49-112. 
— , coals, heating power, xxxvii. abs. 87, 

88. 
— , collieries, prcjfits, xxxii. abs. 39. 
- , duty on Belgian coal, x. 60. 
— , fire-damp connnission, xxxi. abs. 14. 
— , — — explosions, xxxiii. abs. 67 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 26-28. 
— , Fuveau, lignite basin, xxxiii. abs. 49. 
— , Grand' Combe, Hora of, xxxvi. abs. 10. 
— , importation of coal, vi. 52, 57, 60, 64. 



France, lignite prrxluction, xxxi. abs. 35. 
— , mineral statistics, xxxi. abs. 2, 34-35; 

xxxiii. abs. 99 ; xxxv. abs. 2-3. 
-, navy, coals used, xiv. 54. 

, Northern, coal-lield, xxvii. 143169; 

plates xviii. -xxi.; 249-252. 

, pelibles in coal, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
— , railways, rolling stock, xxxiii. ab.s. 4. 
--, — , statistics, xxxiii. abs. 5. 
— , St. Ktienne, prices of coal and coke, 

xxxvi. abs. 31. 
— , secondary iron-ores, xxv. 59-78 ; 

plates xxxix.-xl. 
— , seismological experiments, xxxvi. 43- 

45, 86, 120 121 ; plate vi. 
— , south, coal and iron-mine.-', v. 27. 
— , surface eartJKjuakes, xxxv. abs. 34. 
- , Vienne, mineral resources, xxxv. abs. 

29. 
— , visit, June, 1878, xxvii. 245-281, 283. 
— , wages of colliers, vi. 81. 
F'ranvois, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 1 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 18. 
Frank Mills mine, pulverizers, xxx. 145. 
Frankland, Dr., quoted, xxxi. 187. 
Frank land colliery, section, xiii. 77, 78. 
Fbantz hydraulic keps, xxxii. abs. 43. 
Frazer, Dr. Persifor, quoted, xxxi 
abs. 40, 41, 43 ; xxxiii. abs. 61 ; xxxiv. 
abs. 24; xxxv. abs. 10. 
Fraser AND Chalmers, quoted xxxi. 165. 
Free burning smithy coal, vi. 75-76. 

— falling boring apparatus, Jefferson, 
xxix. 235-240 ; plate xlvi. ; xxx. 83-88. 

— sulphuric acid, iv. 275-276. 
Freeland, F. T., quoted, xxxv. abs. 7. 
Freestone, xxv. 82, 89; xxxii. 51. 
Freezing process of sinking, xxxiv. abs. 72. 
Freiberg, Himmelsfiirst mine, carbon 

dioxide, xxxviii. 67. 
— , mining academy, xxxi. abs. 12-13. 
— , silver-mines, hydraulic macliinery, 

xxxiii. abs. 79. 
— , zinc blendes, xxxvi. abs. 41). 
Freights, charges on coal. Black Sea 

ports, xxxvii. 95. 
— , coal, ii. 158, 225 ; iv. 56, 69, 84-85 ; 

V. 39, 40, 41; xv. 70, 71, 180; .xix. 

122, 133, 162; xxxi. abs. 16; xxxiv. 

102. 
— , generally, x. 60. 
— , iron-ore, .xxxiv. 90. 
— , manganese-ore, xxxvi. 108, 110. 
— , mineral produce, xxv. 150, 174. 
— , ore, V. 209. 
Freigold, xxxv. 86, 87. 
Freischurf, xxxv. 84, 85. 
Frenimville boring system, ii. 59. 
Fre.my, — , quoted, xxxv. abs. 33. 
French Guyana, gold, xxxiii. abs. 16. 

— river. Nova Scotia, xxvi. SO. 
Frequency of meetings, ix. 3. 
Freser river, xxxvi. 33, 39. 
Fresh-air furnace, coke, xv. 143. 
Fresnes, coal discovered near, xxvii. 265. 



Id 



i:eneiiai. indkx to th vnsactions. 



Kkkitdkniikku smoki- cdiuli'iista-, xxxii. 

iJw. ").S. 
Friction, mv in ventilating fans, xxxi. 

101 104, 2:W it .«//.,• xxxii. 'J{» ./ xi-if., 

anil platu vii. 1 lU it mi if. 
— , aiienic>inuterH, dutt-rniination uf, x. 

210 Its,, I., •_>4l-'-'42, •J49-'2r)i. 
— , caniagCM in coal niin»'H, iii. '249-260. 
— , endless chain, xvii. app. i. SO. 
— , engini's. intirnal, xxxviii. alw. 3(5. 
— , loss of power l>y, xxxvi. lit it si,/. 
— , ro|H,'H, iii. 'JSI-'isCi. 
— , — , tixeil engine planes, iii. 'JS|.28(). 
— , , tail-rojH! ayateni, wiii. 77-7H. 
— , sheaves, v. 77- 
— , tnl».s, iii. 2.")l. 
— , — , IJriilgo pit, Wigan, xvii. a))p. i. 

129-131. 
— , - , Burnley collieries, xvii. app. i. 87. 
— , ventilation, co-ellicient, iii. 124. 
FrieilenshUtte, boilera explosion, xxxviii. 

abs. 25. 
Kriedriclisthal colliery, xxxi. abs. 37- 
Friedrieclisthai, t^uierschied colliery, 

xxxviii. 55. 
Fritz safety-cage system, xxvii. 55-56. 
Frizington, xxviii. 110, 126, 136; xxxiv. 

88, 89, 90, 95. 
Frodingham, xxiv. 25, 27, 30. 
— , iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 108-109. 

— , , sections, xxxv. 145. 

— , iron-ores, analyses, xxxv. Ill, 112. 
— ironstone, xxiv. 9-10, 26, 32. 
Fr')HIJCH rock-boring machine, xxxviii. 

abs. 41. 
Frome concentrator, xxxi. 169. 
Frosterly quarries, section, xxi. 270. 
Fbyak, Mark, Harkess rocks, near Bam- 

burgh, xxvi. 121-128 ; plates xviii.-xix. 
— , quoted, xxxviii. 80. 
Frykr, John, Bunadon colliery exjilo- 

.fioii, \4ii. 164. 
Fryupdale, v. 201 ; section, vii. 86. 
FncHs, Ei>M., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 21 ; 

xxxv. abs. 41 ; xxxvi. abs. 7. 
Fucoidal Greensands, xxxv. 176. 
Fuel, coal-gas, xxiii. 47-63 ; plates xv.- 

xvii. 
— , consumption, Cornish and other en- 
gines, XV. 157, 159-161. 
— , — , France, vi. 56. 
— , — , furnace ventilation, iii. 100-114. 
— , — , ventilation of mines, vi. 135-150. 
— , economy in iron manufacture, xxxiii. 

abs. 55. 
— , Indian railways, xxxviii. 157, 161. 
— , manufacture, patent, xxxiv. abs. 30. 
— , mineral oil, xxxvi. abs. 46. 
Fuerst Hardenberg colliery, breakage of 

winding-rope, xxxii. abs. 80. 
FuLGENCE, M. i)E, quoted, xxxv. abs. 9. 
Fulton, John, (juoted, xxxvii. abs. 74 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 31. 
Fulwell hills, xiii. 172, 174. 
FUMAT, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 8. 



Functions of delegates, xxxvi. 61-62. 
Fundy, bay of, to south mountains, sec 

tion, xiv. fating IS. 
Funfkirchen coal, age of, xxxvii. ab.^. 

62. 
FuRMAN, J. H., ([uoted, xxxiii. abs. 51. 
Furnace and boiler, proposed arrang< 

ment, xviii. 126. 
fan ventilation, xxxviii. abs. 22. 

— — mechanical ventilation, cost, com- 
pared, xviii. 102. 

steam jet, relative value, i. 71, 101, 

151, 165, 195, 200. 

— anthracite seam, xxxi. 179, 189. 

— bars, xix. 51-52. 

— boilers, explosions, xxix. .'{(}, 38, 94 
tl si'i/.; plates x.-xi. 

charges, xiv. 23. 

— coal-seam, x. 119; sections, xi. lO.'i. 
109; xiii. 40; xxii. 123; xxxvii. 12. 

— gases in upcast shafts, destructiv e 
action, xi. 19-26; xii. 25-27. 

shafts, ventilating pressure, xxxiii. !».'>, 

105. 
- ventilation i. 148 ; vii. 10 et wji. ; x. 

125, 129, 156 ; xix. 224-225, 234 id .sY-r/. 

, ell'ects, iii. 90 tt s,i/. 

, fuel consumption, iii. 100-1 14 ; vi. 

135-136. 

— — , Hibernia colliery, xii. 51 e/ seq. 

— — , in mines, xiii. 8 et seq, 50-51, 54 
etseq., 104-105. 

, objections, vi. 129-130. 

, Pelton colliery, xvi. 9-10, 11. 

.register, x. 133-135. 

, Seaham colliery, xvi. 51 ; xxxii. 

225-226 ; plates xxx.-xxxi. 
, Straflbrd Main, Barnsley, xvii. 48, 

60, 111-112, 113. 
Furnaces, cflects on wire-ropes, viii. 15. 
— , ventilation, xi. 94-95, 97- 
— , — , construction, ix. 131-140, 150-1()0. 
— , — , description, i. 75-76. 
-, — , experiments, i. 104 et neq., 165 

et seq., 195 et aeq., 203 et .seq. 
— , — , principles of action, i. 77-78. 

— and furnace-bars, xviii. 52, 53, 106, 
112, 114. 

Furness, xxxi. 211, 218, 233, 235 ; section, 

237 ; xxxiv. 130, 131 ; section, 136 ; 

xxxviii. 70. 
— , carboniferous rocks, xxxiv. 125-137 ; 

plates xiii. -xviii. 
— , haematite deposits, xxxi. 211-238; 

plates xxxvii. -1. 
— , mining in, xxxiv. 93. 
— , thick limestone, xxviii. 114-129. 

— Abbey, xxxiv. 85, 86. 
Furnishing committee, report, xx. 113. 
Fusible alloys, prevention of boiler exjjlo- 

sions, iv. 40 et seq. 

— cut-outs for arc lamps, xxxiv. 56. 
Future prospects of South Wales, xxiii. 

249. 
Fuveau lignite-basin, xxxiii. abs. 49. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



77 



Gabian, Hi'rault, xxxv. abs. 27. 
Oabuclia coal-seam, xxiv. 152. 
Gad, K. , (juoted, xxxviii. abs. 4fi 
Gagniures colliery, mineral spring, xxxii. 

abs. 4. 
Gaitroads, Moira, x. 162 ct seq. 
— , South Staffordshire, x. 184-186. 
Galdames and Lestao railway, xxxiii. 227. 
Galk, J. M., v.diicatioii of minini) 

eiK/ineer, xxi. 33, 34-35. 
Galena, xii. 205 ; xiii. 224 ; xxv. 83, 89- 

91. 
Galerie Camille, San Pietro, xxxiv. 146, 

153 ; plan and sections, 158. 

— Marie, San Pietro, xxxiv. 153 ; plan 
and section, 158. 

Galicia, bituminous-deposits, xxxv. abs. 9. 
— , ozokerite, xxxvii. abs. 39, 55-56. 
— , -- and petroleum, xxxviii. abs. 15-16. 
— , petroleum, xxxii. abs. 3. 
Gallinaria copper-mine, xxxv. abs. 7. 
Galloway, G. B., smoke consumer, xvii. 

63, 75. 
(iALiiOWAY, R. L., <ja.ses occluded in coal, 

xxii. 1:^6. 

— , prcfiure of (fas in solid coal, xxx. 
257. 

— , use of salt for- laying coal-dust, xxxi. 
147-149. 

Galloway, T. Lindsay, Ait ken coke- 
oi'ens, xxix. 84. 

— , description of an instrument for 
levelling undergrouiad, xxvii. 3-6, 7, 
129 ; plates i.-ii. 

— , endless-rope haulage, xxix. 73. 

— , Mueseler sajefy-lamp, xxix. 144. 

— , Pennsylvanian coal-measures, xxvi. 

— , present condition of mining in princi- 
pal coal-producing districts of the 
Continent, xxvii. 171-201 ; plates xxii. - 
xxv. 

— , quoted, xxviii. 81, 85 et seq. ; xxxi. 
68. 

— , Rigg and Meikhjohn coal-cutting 
machine, xxviii. 79-80. 

Galloway, Wm., experiments with coal- 
dust ill Germany, xxxiv. 245-248, 250 
et se(]., 300 et seq. 

— , laying coal-dust in. mines, xxxi. 147. 

— , quoted, xxxi. 69. 

— , safety -lam.jjs and shot-firing, xxiv. 
63-67, 68 et seq., 169 et seq. 

Galloway boilers, xviii. 121 et seq. ; 

xi.x. 9. 
Galton, Sik Douglas, quoted, xxxii. 11. 
Galton, Francis, quoted, xxxii. 198. 
Galvanic action in marine-engines, xxiv. 

119. 
Gandolfi, G., quoted, xxxviii. iiljs. 26, 

53, 55. 
Gannister beds, xxv. 228; xxvi. 50, 51, 

52 ; xxxvii. 3, 4, (.', 7, 15, 127-128. 



Gannow colliery, Burnley, eiidless-chain, 
xvii. app. i. 71-76; plates x., xxii.- 
xxiii. 

( I arbenne coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 

Gaiusutt's deposit, xix. 198, 200 ; xxxv. 
128 ; plan and sections, 145. 

(Jard, coal-field, xxxii. abs. 11. 

— , coal-mines and ironworks, v. 27. 

Gakd-Davy safety-lamp, experiments, 
xxxiv. 163, 164. 

Gardiner, Robt., Jletton colliery ex- 
plosion, ix. 108. 

Gardiner, Wm., Hetlon colliery ex- 
plosion, ix. 107. 

Gardiner colliery. Cape Breton, xix. 149 • 
xxiv. 207-208. 

, , analysis of water, xxix. 

54-55. 

Gardner, Matth., evidence on boiler 
explosion, iv. 49. 

Gardner, Ralph, quoted, xv. 190-191. 

Gardner coal-seams, xxiv. 177, 189, 196 
208. 

Garesfield, coal-seam, xiii. 46, 47. 

— and Prudhoe coal-seams, xxxvii. 7 
126. 

— colliery, xv. 216. 

Garfagnana coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Garforth, W. E., joint committee on 

mechanical ventilators, xxxvii. 187, 188. 
— , quoted, xix. app. i. 6. 
Garforth rivetting machine, xviii. 4. 
Garibaldi pumps, xxi. 160. 
Garmondsway Moor colliery, xv. 237. 
Garnett, Prof. W., economical working 

of boilers in collieries, xxxviii. 226- 

227. 
— , explosion of air-receiver at Ryhope, 

xxxvii. 215, 216. 
— , report on seismological instruments, 

xxxvii. 58-63, 64, 66-67. 
— , resistance to air currents in mines, 

xxxviii. 216 et seq. 
— , Swan electric safety-lamp, xxxv. 

59. 
<tarnier, H. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Garnier, Jules, quoted, xxxv. abs. 14 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 68. 
Gaxniierite, xxxv. abs. 14, 20. 
Garuock colliery, Swan lamp, .xxx. 154. 
Garpel and Whitehaugh quarries, liajina- 

tite, V. 10. 
Garran, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 81. 
Garre.\u, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 11. 
Gartsherrie coal-cutting machine, xxviii. 

79. 
(4as, light carbuictted hydrogen, in- 

tiammability, i. 256. 
— , absorption by different substances, 

xvii. 107. 
— , abstraction from goaves of coal- 
mines, xviii. 151. 



7« 



(.ENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



<fik«, intliiiMiimMc, (U'toction, xv. 165; 

xxvi. l.'W 137 ; \thav xx.; xxvii. 65- 

70. L'S7 -MM ; pliUv xxxix. : xxviii. 167- 

170 ; |)liit« xxxiv. 
-. iii8trumoiit8 for (Iftootitm, xxix. 171 

17'» ; xxxviii. lihs. 6S. 
-. Luii.Uiill Lolli.My. v. '237. 241. 
— , Moiikwfiiiiiiiinth, iv. 14*2. 
— , uiituriil, Ariurjca, xxxvii. iibs. 57 ; 

xxxviii. libs. 64. 
— , outbursts, xxxi. H-l.'i. 
— , — , Nutbrook, X. 126. 
— , pressure, in solid coal, xxix. 227 ; 

XXX. UM\ 260 : pliitt-s xxxix.-xlv. ; xxxii. 

12:M.S2, .si I, .SI 6-3 17. 
— , Stniiror.l Miiin colliery, xxv. 23-27, 

104-10<> ; plates ii.-v. 
— , test for carbonic oxide, xxxviii. ab.i. 

55. 
— , tensile force, v. 17. 

— at high tension in coal, i. 275 ; ii. 15 ; 
V. 17 f' ■'"'/• 

— blowers, iii. 33-51, 2*29 tt se(j., 236 ; 
xxxi. 10. 

— burner, Wallace, xxiii. 50 i-l seij. 

— check, Seaham colliery, xxxii. 227 
«/ .ic/. , 303 fJ ■111/. 

- cleared from mines by compreased-air, 
xxi. 79. 

— coal, xii. 159, 161. 
seam, ii. 144. 

— consumption, increase, xxxv. 238-239. 

— detector, xxxiv. 285-286 ; plate xl. 

— drifts, or draining goaves, vii. 79 84 ; 
viii. 10. 

— engines, xxxii. abs. 51 ; xxxv. 234- 
235. 

— evolved from coal, xi. 173, 175. 

— furnaces, xxiii. 53 et xeq. 

— generators, Siemens, xx. 180 ; plate 
1. ; xxxiii. abs. 87- 

— in metalliferous mines, outbursts, 
xxxviii. 59-72. 

mines, xviii. 26-27. 

— — — and earth tremors, report of 
committee, xxxvii. 55-67 ; plates viii.- 
xvii. 

— light, cost, xxxiii. abs. 78. 
lighting, improvements, xxxv. 237. 
hght.s, Cinderhill colliery, x. 158-159. 

— manufacture, small coals, v. 11. 

— producers, xxxv. 237. 
Gases, analyses, i. 3.S6 ; ii. 8. 

— , blitst-furnace, utilization, ix. 137 ; 

xiii. 140 ; xx. 163 167 ; plates xlii.- 

xliv. 
— , combustion, xxiii. 47 ; xxxv. 10 12. 

— , dangerous, Denayrouze apparatu.s for 
exploring in, xxiv. 129. 

— , tleleterious, H.irtley colliery, xi. 149 

tt >ii:q. ; xii. 8 tt ftij. 
— , destructive action in upcast shafts, 

xii. 25. 
— , detection and measurement, xxviii. 

X67. 



PfaBeB, dress for penetrating, ii. 77. 

— , expU)Mive mixtures, combustion, 

xxxiii. alis. 69, 102. 
— , formulae relative to flow tiirough 
pipes, iii. 212-216, 217 '' w/. 
, ignition by .s|)arks, xxxvi. alts. 41. 
, les.s in okl collieries, vii. 5. 
-, noxious, Kleuss apparatus for 
breatiiing in, xxxi. 197-203. 

— , Westphalian coal-mines, table, xxxvi. 
abs. 18. 

— in coal-dust, xxxvii. 247-249. 

— coal-mines, ii. 85; xii. 190, 201- 
203 ; xix. 46 ; xxxvi. 43, aba. 43. 
, origin, iii. 45-48. 

— — collieries, Warwickshire, xxxiii. 
153. 

cooling chambers, analysis, xxxvi. 

abs. 13. 
mines, i. 234 et ttq. ; ii. 2 et neq., 

12 et Ktq. 

— occluded by coal, xxii. 25-29, 129-133, 
135-137; xxv. 41-43; xxxvii. 245-247, 
257-258. 

various coals, xxvi. 35-38. 

— produced in coal combustion, xxxi. 
191-193. 

— coke-ovens, viii. 115-116. 

, temperature, xxix. 82. 

— used for heating purposes, xxii. 15 18, 
90-94. 

dash veins, xxviii. 119. 
(lashes, breccia, xxxiii. 166. 
(iate-roads, Derl)y collieries, x. 130-141. 

, Moira, x. 162 tt seq. 

, South StatTordshire, x. 184-186. 

(Jate.s, automatic, Porch, xxxvi. abs. 23. 
(lateshead, coal-mines, xv. 179, 180, 183, 

184-185. 
— , explosion, ix. 169. 
— , water-supply, xxiv. 85-95 ; plates 

xvi.-xvii. 
— , waterworks, pumping gear, xxi. 1 18 ; 

plate xxix. 

— Park ironworks, boilers, xi. 54. 

pumping engine, v. 163. 

(latherick colliery, ix. 224-225. 
<Jathering ground, proposed Newcastle 

water supplv, xxiv. 86, 87. 
Gauge, railway, viii. 57, 76-77- 

basin, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 262. 
Gauges, battlfe of, ix. 61. 
— , Indian railways, xxxviii. 157. 
Gault cla\% analysis, xxxii. 4. 
G.4USSOIN, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. .35. 
Gautikk, F., quoted, xxxv. abs. 39. 
(iauze, aluminium, xi. 178. 
— , propagation of flame through, 

xxxiii. abs. 39. 
— , safety-lamps, xii. 73. 

— , , Hall, i. 323 ; ii. 78. 

— , , oil and grease on, xvii. .5-8. 

Gauzeless safety-lamp, xxxvii. 69-74 ; 

plate xviii. 
Gavin, J. C., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIT. 



79 



Gawber Hall, vcntihitioii furnace, ix. 

80, 82. 
Gawthorpe coal-scam, xxv. 16, 17- 
Gay Lussac's law, iii. 75. 
(Jay stone-cutting process, xxxv. abs. 

2 1-22. 
Gayant coke-ovens and pit, xxvii. 254- 

255. 
Gays river, xxxi. 162, 163. 
Geikik, Sir Archibald, quoted, xx. 136, 

xxv. 233. 
Gkikie, Prof. J as., carboniferous 

formation of Scotland, xx. 131-154, 

155-156. 
Geinitz, Dk. — , quoted, xxxvi. 33. 
Geishler, Caucasian jet, xxxvii. 91. 
Gcislautern colliery, xxviii. 44, section, 

56. 
Gei.ssler tubes used for lighting mines, 

xiv. 72. 
Gelatine dynamite, composition, xxxiii. 

al).s. 8. 
Gellia Cadoxton, Swansea, steam coal, 

tested at Keyham, xiv. 49 tt stq. ; 

plates xiv., xviii. -xx. 
GcUy Gare collierj', Brunton ventilator, 

xviii. 134. 
(Jelsenkirclien, Consolidation mines, 

xxvii. 198. 
General Mining Association, viii. 21 ; 

xix. 113, 114, 115, 119, 122, 125, 151, 

155, 161 ; xxii. 139, 140, 145 ; xxiv. 177, 

178, 179, 194, 195, 196, 199, 200; xxvi. 

79-80. 
Geneialized section across Cumberland 

coal-field, xxxii. 356. 
Gentleman's Well, Cross Fell, xxviii. 

173. 
Geodic agates, xxx. 123. 
Geographical position of Catalonian coal- 
fields, xxxvi. 33-34. 
Geography of haematite-district, xxviii. 

110. ■ 

Geological boundaries and position of 
Salai'brticken coal-field, xxviii. 10-12. 

— character of coal-fields, x. 7-9. 

— description, Merionethshire i"ocks, 
xxxvi. 103-104. 

— , Northern coal-field, xii. 153-158. 

— features. North Wales, xxv. 84-91. 

— field-days, ]jroposed, xii. 37. 

— formations, Channel tunnel, xxxii. 4-6. 
, Cumberland coal-field, xxxii. 320- 

321. 

knowledge, xv. 52-53. 
— of Russia, xxiv. 3-4. 
maps, Bilbao iron-oi-e district, xxxiii. 
235. 

, Border counties and Durham, xii. 

149. 

, districts, xi. 64. 

, Bristol coal-field, xxvii. 96. 

, Cumberland, West, htematite dis- 
trict, xxviii. 155. 
, — , coal-field, xxxii. 356. 



Geological maps, Daltonganj coal-field, 

xxxii. 151. 
, Dover Straits, xxxii. 22. 

— — , English iron-ore districts, xxxv, 
145. 

, Flintshire, xxv. 102. 

, France, xxv. 78. 

, — , Northern coal-field, xxvii. 162. 

, Furness haematite district, xxxi 

236. 

, Great Britain, ix. 54. 

, Kurhurballee coal-field, xxx. 25. 

— — , Lincolnshire, mid., north and 
south, xxxv. 145. 

, Merionethshire, west, xxxvi. 118. 

, New Zealand, xxxv. 220. 

, North Lincolnshire, xxiv. 32. 

, North Northumberland, xxx. 127. 

, coast, xxxiii. 79. 

, North Wales coal-field, xix. 75. 

, Northants, xxxv. 145. 

, Nova Scotia, xiv. 16 ; xxvi. 90. 

, , gold-fields, xxxi. 172. 

, , Pictou county, xxvi. 90. 

-, Waverley gold disirict, xxxi. 



173. 



68. 



176. 



and New Brunswick, xxx. 

Oxfordshire, xxv. 145. 
Pennsylvania, coal-fields, xxv. 

Rosedale, xxxv. 145. 
Russia, xxiv. 22. 
Rutland, xxxv. 145. 
Saarbriicken coal-field, xxviii. 64. 
Sardinia, south west, xxxiv. 158. 
South Wales coal-field, end of vol. 



, Transylvanian Erzeebiree, xxxv 

82. as,. 

, United States, xxv. 176. 

, Warwickshire coal-field, xxxiii 

162. ' ■ 

, Yorksliire, xxi. 251. 

, - , North, xxxv. 145. 

— range of Nova Scotian iron-ores, xxvi 
71. 

— relations of secondary iron ores, 
France, xxv. 59-78; plates xxxviii.-xl.' 

Geological Society of Lonkon, quoted, 

xii. 146. 
Geological structure of Trans\lvauia, 

xxxv. 81-82. 

— survey, Belgium, xxxiii. abs. 106. 

, Newcastle district, xiii. 215. 

, Prussia, xxxii. abs. 71. 

, purchase of maps, viii. 171 ; ix. i\A. 

Geology, Abj'ssinia, Soutli, xxxvi. abs. 9. 
, Assinee, xxxvi. abs. 10. 

— , border districts, xi. 60-63, 65-88. 
, boundary between millstone grit and 
mountain limestone, xiv. 4.'i-45, 70. 

— , Bristol coal-field, xxvii. 87-97, and 
plates vi.-ix. 

— , California, xxxiv. abs. IS. 



80 



GEXERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Goolojjy, curhoiiifcrous liiiieHti>iit'H, North 

Northuii)l)crliiii(I, ix. IH5 'J'J.'i. 
— , C<H'hiii C'liiiiu, xxxiv. .ihs. '20. 
— , Conjjo, Lower, xxxviii. jihs. 18.19, 54. 
— , Corfu, xxxviii. abs. '2. 
— , ecoiioiiiic, xxxviii. .'Ut K). 

, giticiiition of Duiliiiiii iiixl Nurtli- 

uiiiiiirliiiiil, xiii. Uil) ISA. 
— , (Jolil Cou-st, xxxiii. ahs. 11). 
— , Hart/, xxxiii. hIks. 109. 
— , India, xxxiv. ahs. 75 ; xxxvii. ubs. 

48. 
— , Matlagascur, xxxvii. uhs. 14-15. 

— , magnesian limestone, Durham, xiii. 
20y2\:i. 

— , Newccislle coal-Held, xxxiii. aha. 14. 
— , Nortli of Kniiice ooiil-liild, xxvii. 

14;MH<J, •J4y-'_'5'_' ; ijlatesxviii.-xxi. 
— . North Northuinherland, xxx. 121- 

1*2*2 ; xxxiii. G9. 
— , northern coal-lield, xii. 153-158 ; xiii. 

4-2-48. 
— , Panama, Isthmus of , canal, xxxi. abs. 

4*2. 
— , practical aspects, xxxi. '241 "248. 

, Rede.silalc ironstone district, xxii. 

Ill -r2S; plates xxxi.-xxxii ; xxiii. 

4144. 

— , Koumania, xxxvii. abs. 78-79. 
— , Russia, xxiv. 3. 

— , hjcheninitz, xxxv. aba. 58. 

— , Siberia, East, xxxvi. aba. 8. 

— , some of ita practical aspects, xxi. 

241-248. 
— , South .Vfrica, diamond-mines, xxxv. 

abs. 17- 
— , Spain, xxxvii. abs. 8(5. 
— , Tasmania, xxxiv. abs. 3'2. 
— , Timor, xxxvii. aba. 67. 
— , Toncjuin, East, xxxvi. abs. 36. 
— , Wardha coal-field, xxxviii. 77 et stq. 

— , wash or drift, Durham coal-field, xiii. 
6-85, 202. 

Geordy safety-lamp, used in ])inar 
working, ix. •26-'27. 

George pit, Hetton, ventilation experi- 
ments, xii. 82-83. 

Georges coal-^eam, xxvii. 177. 

(»EoK(;i, — , quoted, xxxii. aljs. -17. 

Gerhard colliery, old steam-engine, xxxi. 
abs. 36. 

— Priiiz Wilhelni colliery, xxvii. 
185-186 ; xxviii. 45 ; sections, 59, 65. 

Germanium, xxxvi. al>s. 41. 

Germany, coal-fields, xxxv. abs. 30. 

— , coal-im|x>rts and exports, xxvii. 26, 

32. 
— , coal producliftn, total, xxvii. 26, 35, 

36. 
— , coal-screening, xxviii. 187-188. 

— , coals, comparative values, xxxvii. abs. i 
4647. 

— . — , gases in, xxii. 25, 26, 27. 

— , coke production, xxvii. 33. I 

— , Coppee coke-ovens, xxii. 96, 106-107. I 



Germany, cost of winding- ropes, xxxvii 

abs. *24-26. 
— , mineral statistics, xxxii. abs. (il ; 

xxxviii. abs. 33-34, 37 38. 
- , new explosives, xxxii. abs. 47. 

, petroleum wells, xxxii. abs. 60. 

, smelting, etc., xxxii. abs. 61. 
GkrkakI), , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 35. 
(iK.sNEK, A»K. , (juoted, xiii. '26. 
Geyser, Montrond, barometer, xxxii. 

abs. 84. 
(ihugus coal-tield, xxxviii. 80, 81, 82, 84, 

169. 
GiBB.s, W., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Gibson, — , quoted, viii. 158-159. 
GiHsoN, Roar., hloir.ojf jji/jen fur hoUtrs, 

xi. 54. 
Gm.soNE, Eu.M., Cumhirl Hid cuiil-fit/<Li, 

xi. 181, 184, 186. 

, geology of border districts, xi. 65- 

88, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194. 
— , quoted, xi. 60, (il, 62; xv. 17(» ; 

xxxvii. 9. 
GiKKAKi) injector, xvi. 36. 
(jiilbrow, xxxi. 228. 
Gilcruix colliery, viii. 147, 151 ; xxxiv. 

107, 111, 128, 129. 
Giles, J., (juoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Gilesgate Moor, Enclosure Act, xv. '22r>. 
Gilgarran, xxxiii. 1'22, 139 ; section, 148. 

— colliery, xxxiv. II 1, 133. 
GiLKES AND Co., turbines, xxxvi. 68. 
GiLLE AND Franeau, quoted, xvi. 11 d 

srq. 
(iiLMoRE, -, safety-cages, xv. 117. 
(JiLi'iN, Edwin, Cape Breton, submarine 

coal, xxiv. 173-190. 
— , composition and uses of Canadian 

coal.s, xxvii. 213-'241. 
— , gold-fields of Nova Scotia, xxxi. 

151-172. 
— , gypsum of Nova Scotia, xxx. 53-66. 

- . Newfoundland coal-measures, xxiii. 
167-176; plate xxxv. 

— , notes on Nova Scotia pit- waters, xxix. 

53-57. 
-, Nova Scotian iron-ores, xxvi. 71-88. 
— , Pictou coal-field, xxii. 139-148. 
— , quoted, xxxi. abs. 7 ; xxxv. abs. 49. 
(iiLi'iN, .ji'N., Edw., quoted, xxxii. abs. 

84 ; xxxiv. abs. 74. 
GiLi'iN, Jas., blow-off jjvpts for boilers, xi. 

53. 
Gilpin County mines, xxxiii. abs. 63. 
GiLROY, G., coal-washing apparatus, 

Ince, Wigan, xv. 61-62, 63 tl atq. 
— , quoted, xiv. 111. 
— , tail-roptft, XV. 89, 92 >-.t wq. 
— , vote of thanks to T. ¥j. Forster, xiv. 

131. 
Gin pit, xxxiv. 103. 
Ginuela, xxxi. 222, 223, 228 ; figures, 

237. 
Ginney roads, Clifton Hall, xvii. app. i. 

89 tt neq. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



81 



Ginney roads, (iannow, xvii. app. i. 71 

ft. xeq. 
, Hapton Valk;}', xvii. a])p. i. 57 '' 

•s-e^., 66 et saj. 
, Rowley, xvii. app. i. 77 et w/., 8- 

et seq. 
GiRARi), — , miscalculations, iii. 338-339, 

349. 
— , quoted, iii. 77. 
Giromagny copper - mine, explosion, 

xxxviii. 63. y 

Givor's ironworks, saving of fuel, xxxiii. 

abs. 55. 
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 173, 174, 

177, 191, 196 ; section, 216 

colliery, xix. 141-142. 

district, xix. 139, 140-144. 

mines, xxiv. 202-203. 

Glacial action, xiv. 3 4, 5, 6 ; xxv. 148. 
-- drift, xxxi. 161, 162. 

— striai, xiii. 169-170, 171, 175, 176- 
179, 181 ; xxxi. 161. 

Glaciated rock surface, xiii. 174-179. 

Glaciation of Durham and Northuml)er- 
land, xiii. 166, 169- 1S5, 202. 

Glaciers, xiii. 1 SO- 182. 

GLAnsTONE, W. K., quoted, xxi. 225-226, 
236, 237. 

Glag, xxxiii. 214. 

Glamorganshire, coal production, xxxi. 
180. 

Glasgow, Lord Provost, address of wel- 
come, 1870 meeting, xix. 190. 

Glasgow, boiler explosion, xxxii. 195, 
and plate xxvi. 

— , 1870 meeting, xix. 58, 89-91, 169-170, 
190-192 e/ .se(7. ; xx. 183-184. 

— , experiments on shot-firing and safety- 
lamps, xxiv. 67. 

Glasgow University, xxi. 29-30, 34. 

Glass, Ransome soluble, xi. 25. 

— in safety-lamps, xxxvi. 8. 

— — — — , breakage, xxxvii. 75-76 ; 
xxxviii. 17. 

— tubes, experiments on, viii. 44. 
Glasshouse Bridge ironworks, boilers xi. 

54. 

Glauconite, xxx. 125. 

Glazy iron, xiii. 136. 

Gleaston, xxxi. 218. 

Gleghorn, Geo., Hetton Golliery explo- 
sion, ix. 108. 

Glendinning antimony-mine, section, xi. 
67. 

Glendower colliery, U.S.A., section, xiii. 
34. 

Glendre, County Clare, manganese de- 
posit, xxxvi. 115. 

(jrlendue to Low Teppermoor, section, 
xviii., plate xliv. 

Glengarry, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 84. 

Globules, formation in boilers, iv. 46-47, 
115. 

Glossopteris Browniana, figured, vi. 33 ; 
plate iii. 



Gloucestershire coal-field, x. 6() • xxvii 
89, 90, 91-95 ; sections, 97. 

(JloVKK, ChA.S. , ■sjioiilmiioiin romhuxliou 

of coal, xxv. 121-123 cj, stij. 
Glovkr, Dr., safety-lamp, i. 187 e' >iffi-, 

309, 317. 
Glover and Cail, safety-lamp, xvii ,38 

40. 
Gmiclin —, quoted xi. 21. 
(iNEOH, G. , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 6. 
(ineisenau coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
Gneissoid rock.s, xxxi. 152, 153. 
Goaf, vii. 10 et seq., 35 el -seq., 44 el seq. 
— , Bitchburn, viii. 89. 
— , Kast Hetton, formation in longwall 

workings, xxv. 254. 
— , Monkwearmouth, iv. 141 el seq. 
— , packing of, x. 129, 145, 146. 
— , roads, xix. 30 el seq. 

— work, sketch, and description, ii. 247- 
248. 

Goathland, xxxv. 125 ; section, 145. 
Goaves, coal-mines, abstraction of explo- 
sive gas from, viii. 13 ; xviii. 151-153, 

157-162 ; plates xl.-xli. 
— , gas drifts for di-aining, vii. 79 et seq. 
Gob, xxxi. 181. 
Gob-road system, Moira, xxxii. 183 et 

seq. ; plates xvii-xviii. 
Goderich, Ontario, boring, xxx. 60, 63. 
Godfrey, Samuel, quoted, xiii. 18. 
GoDiLLOT, Geo. Alexis, quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 68. 
GoDiN, Arnold, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 13. 
GoDiN-MuESELER safety-lamp, xxix. 124, 

125-126; plates xv., xvi., xvii., xix. 

xxi. 
GoDLEY, — , evidence on Ijoiler explosion, 

iv. 48-49. 
Godwin- Austen, A. C, quoted, xxiii. 

186. 
Goedicke, Ed., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 13. 
Goenaga, L, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 36. 
GoETTiNO, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 10. 
GoFFiNT, J., lever for reversing engines, 

xxvi. 147. 
GoFFiNT ventilator, Lit^ge, xxx. 284-287 ; 

plates Ixiii.-lxv. 
Goggles, Denayrouze, xxxi. 197- 
Gold, Andalusia, xxxv. ahs. 35 61. 
— , Arizona, xxxiii. abs. 22. 
— , auriferous states, America, xxxi. 

abs. 39. 
— , Borneo, xxxiii. abs. 60. 
— , Carinthia, xxxiv. abs. 62. 

— , crt^taceous rocks, xxxiii. abs. 62. 
— , Chinese, in Borneo, xxxii. abs. 2. 
— , Cubangui river, xxxvii. abs. 63. 
— , Dakota, xxxiii. abs. 25. 

— , French Guyana, xxxiii. abs. 16. 

— , Mexioo, xxxv. abs. 10. 

— , New Zealand, xxxv. abs. 59. 

— , North Carolina, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

— , Norway, xxxiv. abs. 46. 

— , Nova Scotia, xiv. 16. 



81' 



tiENKHAI. INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Oohl, QiioeiiHlantl, xxxiv. ulm. 44 ; xxxv. 
alM. '26. 

— , S»n l)<>niin(,'o, xxxiii. iil>8. 'J3. 
— , Tyrol, xxxi. ul>8. .'IS. 

— , UniUjil Stiilo.s, xxxiii. iil>8. HI. 

— , wliui)|HT loilo, CoIuiikIo, xxxi. aba. 41. 

— aiul diuinoiulH, Soiitli Afrioii, xxxvii. 

iilM. 7- 

— - other miiHtii, Coroa, xxxviiL aba. 
21. 

OoM-bearing gravels, California, xxxv. 
aba. 41. 

— — mispickel veins, Marmora, Ontario, 
xxxi. 41. 

<;oUl Coast, geology, xxxiii. abs. 19. 

— (listric't of Tauern Alp.s, xxxi. abs. 
.38. 

— ilistricts, Transvaal, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
liold-extraction by calcium chloride, 

xxxvii. abs. tiO. 
(iold til-Ids, Di' Kaap valley, xxxviii. 

171.17i> ; plates ix.-x. 
, Mysore, xxxiii. abs. .32. 

— — , Nova Scotia, xxxi. l.')l-17"2; 
plates xxii-xxviii. 

, Venezuela, Caratal, xxxiv. abs. 40. 

Gold-lodes, xxiv. 245, 247-248. 
(Jold-iiiines, Spain, (iuadalajai'a, xxxiv. 

abs. .31. 
Gold-mining, xiii. 190, 191, 192, 193. 
, Corea, xxxviii. abs. 21-22. 

— — , Transylvania, xxxv. 81-95 ; plate 
ix. ; abs. 58 ; xxxviii. abs. 10-11. 

companies, xxxi. 1G3. 

Gold nuggets and placer deposits, for- 
mation, xxxi. abs. 42. 

— production, Nova Scotia, tables, xxxi. 
171, 172. 

, South Africa, xxxvii. abs. 7. 

, VV^est Borneo, xxxiii. abs. 18. 

— quartz, annual production, (ireat 
Britain, xxi. 187, 197. 

— washing, xxxv. 82. 

Golden quarry, South Africa, xxxviii. 172. 

— Treasure coal-mine, xxxv. 187. 

— Valley, xxvii. 93, 95; section, 97. 
Goldmire limestone, analysis, xxxi. 217. 
Goldscope mines, xxxiv. 121-123. 
G(»Li(!HTLY, W.M., quoted, xxxiv. 113. 
Gondwana system, xxxviii. 78 et .letj. 
Gonesse coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Goniometer, xxviii. 41. 

GoxoT, — , quoted, iv. 292-293. 
GoNZ.\LEZ, Wkn., quoted, xxxiv. abs. .36. 
GnoDFKLUiw, G. E., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 

44. 
GooDM.^N, Alf., mechanical St oMuq, xviii. 

47-48, 49. 
Goodwin', .Tos., quoted, xvi. 47. 
Gooi.DEN & Company, W. T., quoted 

xxxviii. .33. 
Goole, Aire and Calder canal V)ridge, 

xxii. 71. 
— , N. E.R. swing bridge near, xxii. 63, 

64-66 ; plate xv. 



GoRfKlx, I'Udi. 11., (]»u)ted, xxxiii. abs. 

29 ; xxxiv. abs. 3s, 4."». 
(JoRDoN, H. A., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
GuKixiN, , model pump, vi. 21. 
Gordon collierv, xv. 2.35. 
Gosfortii cdlliery, xv. 228, 249. 
, winning of high main coal, xxxviii. 

189-203; plate xxiv. 
Goshen, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 76. 
Go8.sKi.KT, I'kof. - -, Fr< iir/i N<iilli(rn 

ci>nl-li<hl, xxvii. 250-2.")2. 
— , (juoted, xxvii. 143, 149. 
Gosson-Lagasse mine, xxvii. 184. 
(xothite, xxviii. 136 ; section, 155. 
(Jottessegen colliery. Upper Silesia, iron 

supports, xxxvii. 140. 

— — , — — , wire-rope waggon-way, 
xxxvii. abs. 19-20. 

GoTi'iNO, A., (juoted, xxxvii. abs. 10 : 

xxxviii. abs. 64. 
Gouley mine, (Jermany, ventilation, 

xxxiv. 288-289. 

GOI'LICHAMBAROFF, S., qUOtcd, XXXiv. 

abs. 70, 
GouRV, A., (juoted, xxxiv. abs. 71. 
Govan colliery, compressed-air system 

and machinery, v. 114-116; xxi. 203. 
Government bf)reholes, xxvii. 37-38, 40. 
- grants iv. 25; vi. 203; vii. 182-183; 

viii. 21 ; ix. 86, 89 ; xvii. 99, 102. 

— inspection, xxv. 8. 

of boilers, xxix. 27-28, 88, el -leq. 

— mines, xxvii. 36-37- 

— mining grants, xxvii. 40. 
Governors, in anemometry, comparison 

of, X. 217-220 ; diagram, facing, 219. 
(!<)\v, .1., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Gowrie colliery, xix. 146, 147, 159. 

mines. Cow Baj', Cape Breton, xxiv. 

205-206 ; xxvi. 55-62 ; plate vii. 
Gr.ibill, L. R., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 62. 
Gradenberg works, electric light, xxxiii. 

abs. 96. 
Gradients, iv. 92, ix. 61. 
Grading boxes, Rittinger, xxix. 163-164, 

and plate xxvii. 
Graefe, —, quoted, xxxii. abs. 57. 
(iR.\KF, L. , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 44. 
Gk.\h.\m, Bart., .Sir J.vs., quoted, viii. 

141, 14.3. 
GRAH.A.M, Thos., quoted, XV. 165. 
Graillot, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 13, 

xxxiii. abs. 82. 
Grain warehouse, explosion, xxxvii. abs. 

22. 
Gramme alternating-current, xxxiv. IS : 

plate V. 

— machine, xxvii. 184; xxxiv. 8-10; 
plate i. 

Grand'Combe, xxxv. abs. 31. 

, coal, V. 39-41. 

Grand' Eury, C, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 19: 

xxxiv. abs. 16, 24. 
Grand Hornu, natural pits, xxiii. 71-74 ; 

sections and plans, 80, 96 



VOLUMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



83 



Grand Junction railway, ix. 58. 

— — waterworks, pumping, xvi. ]'M}. 

— lease, xv. 184-18;"). 
— coal-seam, xxxvii. 7. 

— Trunk railway, viii. 78. 
Grandidier and Rfk process for jjuri- 

fying coke, xxii. 12-13. 
Grange colliery, chair sleejjers, xvii. .S'2. 

, section, xiii. 77- 

. ventilation experiments, vi. 228- 

234; vii. 73, 112-113, 145. 
Grange Iron Co., safety-hook, xxix. 208 ; 

plate xxxix.; 213,215-216. 
Hranites, xxx. 122, 126. 
Granitic rocks, xxxi. 152-153, 160. 
Grant, J. H., Daltonganj coal-field, 

xxxii. 149-154. 
— , pi'esents East Indian coal, xix. 40. 
Grant and White safety-cage, xix. 

app. i. 11. 
Grants for passes, xvii. 99. 
Granville, Lord (juoted, v. 227-228. 
Grao Mogor, diamond deposits, xxxiv. 

abs. 45. 
Graphite-deposits, Pennsylvania, xxxi. 

abs. 43. 

— production, xxxiv. 120. 
Grasissa, coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Grasuchan, coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Grate coal, xiii. 28, 33. 

— for poor fuels, xxxvii. abs. 68-69. 
Grateau, E., letter from, xiii. 92. 
Gravel Hill mines, xxvii. 133, 136 ; 

section, 137. 
Gravel-ore, xxviii. 117. 
Gray, Jno. McFarlane, quoted, xxvi. 

93; xxix. 181. 
Grays, ii. 254. 
Grease applied to bare axle, system of 

lubrication, xxv. 216, 217-219; plates 

Ix.-lxiii. 
Grease on safety-lamp gauze, effects, 

xvii. 5. 
Greasing of pit tubs, xxxi. abs. 37. 
Great Bras d'Or, xix. 156, 157- 
-- Eritain, coal produced, 1852, vi. 66. 

— coal-measure fault, xxviii. 141. 

— Fallowfield vein, xxvii. 18. 

— fault, Annstead, xxxiii. 69-80. 
, Bristol coal-field, xxvii. 88. 

— Fenton colliery, gas fired by spark, 
xxxiii. 6. 

— limestone, xi. 104, 116; xiii. 186 ; 
xiv. 9, 10, 12 ; xxiv. 74, 80, 82, 83 ; 
xxiv. 134 at xeq. ; section, 150; xxv. 
47, 48, 53 ; xxvii. 16-18, 85, 299 ; xxx. 
123 ; xxxiii. 70, 74, 75 ; xxxiv. 130 ; 
section, 136 ; xxxvii. 12. 

— north and south fault, xxxi. 221. 

— northern coal-field, x. 41-82 ; map — 
facing 41. 

, boundaries, ii. 105-106; map 

facing 102. 

— North of England railway, xv. 238. 

— Pennine fault, xi. 103, 137. 



Great Permian fault, plan. xi. 75 ; 
sections, 76. 
Raniganj coal-field, xxx. 3, 4. 

— Ketallack mine, xxvii. 1,37; section, 
j)late xvi. 

— Southern railway, iv. 91 -94,95; map 106. 
- vein, Bristol coal-fielil, xxvii. 92, 97. 

— whin sill, ix. 192-194, 19(i, 197, 211- 
213; xi. 105, 116, 129; xiii. 186, 189; 
xix. 95, 102-104, 109-110; xxiv. 139, 
140, 145-149; xxv. 47, 49, 50 fl ser/. ; 
xxvi. 122 ; secti(ms, 124 (d wq. ; xxvii. 
17 ; sections, 79 ; xxviii. .5. 

— VVhittington coal, xxxvii. 12. 
, section, xxiv. 140. 

(ireatham, March House boring, xxxviii. 

25. 
Greaves, J. 0., quoted, xix. app. i. 7. 
Greece, mining industry, xxxv. abs. 8. 
Greeks, coal known to, xii. 164. 
Green, — , quoted, iii. app. 2. 
Green, Prof. A. H., Silkstone and 

Barnsley coal-seams, xxv. 13-19, 21. 
Green, G. , cokc-orens, ix. 50. 
— , Institute lihrary, xv. 77. 
— , longwall icorkimj, xvi. 42. 
— , mules ill pits, xxxii. 154, 155. 
— , prevention of boiler accidejit-s, xxx. 82. 
— , record of horimjn and colliery plans, 

xvi. 5, 6. 
— , specimens from Pictou, Nova Scotia, 

xvi. 3. 
— , *r«.s7j of Durham coal-field, xiv. 5, 6. 
Green, jun., Wm., Amencan coal and 

oil regions, xxv. 168. 
— , anthracite coal regions of North 

America, xiii. 9, 25-40. 
— , chronicles and records of northern 

coal trade, xv. 175-281 ; xvi. 5, 6. 
— , enlaigement of sphere and objects of 

Mining Institute, xii. 35-39. 
— , (jology of northern coal-field, xiii. 46. 

— , inconvenience of varj'ing weights and 
measures in the northern coal-field, 
xix. 177-186. 

— , origin and formation of coal, xi. 163- 
175 ; xii. 31. 

— , Pennsi/lraninn anthracite-re<iion , xiii. 
157, 163, 165, 202. 

-, quoted, xi. 212, 225 ; xii. 42. 
— , rating of coal-mines, xiv. 92. 
— , icash in Durham, .xiii. 160, 202. 
— , weights and measures used in coal 

trade, xix. 177-186. 
(ireen Close ironstone, x. 120 
Green food for horses, xxxii. 80-84, 114- 
115. 

— Island, New Zealand, cal-basin, xxxv. 
202. 

, coals, analyses, xxxv. 204. 

colliery, xxxv. 203. 

— Lane, Liverpool, waterworks engine, 
xxi. 136-137, 139 tt seq. 

— vein coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Greener, — , quoted, ix. 81. 



81 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



(iKKKNEK, •loHN, Hdhtniinj ill /lil, Tuiijidd 

MtH>r, XXX. .'W :U. 
Orkknkk, .1. H.. (luoied, xxiv. 166. 
(iKKKNKK, M., iinalysi«, HesBi-ges coal, v. 

CiKKE.NEK, TlU)S., lijistief clirtin-pump, 

XV. 136 W Mr,i. 147-155 : xvi. 133. 

, ilirn-l.urtiiui /iiimjtiitij niiil ii'iiii/itiff 

tnijiiK'M, XV. 1-4 if srij. 
(Jri'om-yes coiil, xxxvii. I'J. 
(Ikkkmiow, -, iimiKs, xiv. 'Mi. 
CreenlttwalU colliery, ix. 204, '209, '2*2*2- 

•2*23. 
(Jreeiilce Loul'Ii, xxiv. 8.1, SM, 89. 
(Ireeiilees coal, xxxvii. 1*2. 
tJreeiiock, experiments on wire-ropes, 

viii. 17. 
Gretnses coal, ix. '203; xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
Greenstone, xiii. 43. 

— dykes, xxxvi. 103- 104. 
Grke.swki.i., --, (luoted, viii. 188, 189. 
Gree.vwkll, (iE»>., nuoted, vii. 130. 
Greenwei.l, G. C, i. '213; ii. 7, 8, 17; 

vi. 2 tt .•<^7. 
— , Amenraii coul and o l-re(iio}hs, xxv. 

168, 174 ; xx\-i 39-48. 
— , nji/Kt ratlin /or jm rent ion of ovvr- 

roindiiiij, xxix. 2*27-'2*28. 
— , Ba-ftier chaiu-jtiimjj, xv. 135 et neq, 
— , boiler arcidciits, xxix. 48. 
— , and th'ir jirereiitioii, xxx. 267- 

268. 
— , Bristol coal-field, x. 105-111, 114-116. 
— , cement mi/liiui, ix. 69. 
— , ria-ssificittiou of carhoni/ej-on-i system, 

XX vi. 51-5*2. 
— , coal-diixl fXfjfanon-t, xxix. 20. 
— , coal-field of East Somerset, ii. '251-259. 
— , coal-jirodiiciiiif difl rirf-s of the Con- 
tinent, xxviii. 81. 
— , coal -iraxJiing ajt/xiratni, xv. 64, 143. 
— , colourinij of diuijramx and map«, ix. 

255. 
— , Cranston deep boring machine, xxx. 266. 
— , Davy safety-lamp, xxix. 154. 
— , death of J. T. Woodhon^e, xxviii. 70. 
— , Derliyshire cord- field and longwaJl 

working, x. 139 et seq. 
— , detection of inflammable gases, xxvii. 

289, 292. 
— , direct-acting engine, Towneley, xv. 

140 ef seq. 
— , — — pumping and winding -engines, 

XV. 30, 33. 
— , disciissioii of papers, viii. 175, 177. 
— , distribution of air in mines, vii. 105. 
— , duration of coal of (ireat Britain and 

Ireland, xxxii. 135-148, 213. 
— , expense of publication of sections and 

borings, xxvii. 141. 
— , experiments unth corjJ-diist, xxviii. 103 ; 

XX xiv. 300, 306. 
— , extemion of coal-mea-tures, xiii. 202, 

203. 



Gkeen'weli.,G. i^., fire-damp of coid -mini ■* 

in a stair of high Iiumou in situ, ii. 17. 
— , French northi rn coaJ-fulil, xxvii. 162. 
— , gasts ociliidid by coul, xxvi. 37, 38. 

, Greitl Xorlhi rncn<d-fii/d, x. 75, 76, 79. 
— , greater facility of ventilating dip 

than rise workings, ii. 31-34. 
--, incliniitiou of bon holi s, xxix. 70. 
— . inflammability of light carbuietted 

hydrogen ga.s, i. 256-257 ; tlisoussion, 

i. *258. 
— , inti rnal stress in cylindrical and 

spherical dams, xxxii. 213. 
— , intrusion of the ivhtn sill, xxvii. 78, 

82, 83, 300. 
— , lightning in />il, Kimblesworlh, xxx. 

13i-13'2. ■ 
— , , Tanfield Moor, xxx. 35-36, 

40 et seq. 
— , levelling instruments, xxvii. 6, 7. 
— , limestones, Northuviberlaiul, xxv. 

46, 57, 58. 
— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 32. 
— , magnesian limestone, xiii. *201. 
— , Manchester l8Co meeting, xiv. 91, 134. 
— , marine boilers, xxvii. 10. 
— , Marreco irater-gauge, xxviii. 73. 
— , merhtmical ifficts of blonm-oiU shots on 

ventilation, xxvi. 102 et seq. 
— , — stoking, xxvii. 209 et seq. 
— , memoir of T. E. Forster, xxv. 5-10. 
— , mineral re.wurces, Northumherland, 

xxx. 126, 1*27. 
- •, mining, Saarbriicken, xxviii. 64, 65, 

66, 67. 
— , — indwitries, Prussia, xxvii. 64, 295. 
— , — lecturer, xxix. 101-102. 
— , Monkwearmouth colliery erjAosion, ix. 

251. 
— , Xewbottle colliery explosion, xv. 144, 

145. 
— , North America, anthracite region, 

xiii. 99-100. 
— , N^ova Scotia, xiv. 92. 

— , , gyjjsum, xxx. 67. 

— , Oaks colliery explosions, xxv. 144. 
— , practice ivith gas at blowers, iii. 231 et 

seq. 
— , presentation of book, iii. 229. 
— , president, election, xxvii. 297. 
— , presidential address, xxviii. 197-208 ; 

xxx. 269--270, 27). 
— , pressure of gas in solid coal, xxx. 257, 

259-260. 
— , pi-inting of proceedings, Birmingham 

meeting, ix. l54. 
—.quoted, ii. 211-2.0; iii. 329^ 333; 

iv. 147 et stq.; v. 5 et seq., 218; vii. 

143, 146, 190 et seq., '209; x. 8, 61; 

xii. 72 ; xiii. 157, 163, 202 ; xvii. 5 ; 

xxiii. 217-218; xxiv. \Q9 et seq.; xxvi. 

28-31, 43, 48 ; xxxi. 222, 223 ; xxxvii. 

9, -24, 125 ; xxxviii. 42. 
— , rating of coal-mines, xiv. 92-95, 102, 

103; xxiii. U5-158. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



«r, 



Green WELL, G. C, remarks on antlira- 

cite, xxvi. 39-43; discussion, xxvi. 43-48. 
— , remarks on ventilation, vii. 105-107. 
— , A'?V/f/ and Meiklcjohii coal. - cuftiiKj 

machine, xxviii. 78-79. 
— , rope-haulaijc, xxix. 72. 
— , .safety -caijes, x. 94 ; xv. 113, IIG. 
— , safeiy-hookx, xxix. 229-230, 234. 
— , safety-lamps and shot-firing, xxiv. 

168. 
— , Schmitt revolviw) spiral .screen, 

xxviii. 208. 
— , .sinhin<i /hroiu/h sand, v. 151, 159. 
— , .smoke-con-sumtr.s, xvii. 69. 
— , Somersetshire section of Bristol coal- 
field, X. 105-111. 
— , .spon.taneoii,sco7iibii.stion of coal, X. 171, 

173, 178. 
— , Stephen.so7i, centenary, xxx. 134. 
— , Swan electric .safety-lamp, xxx. 158. 
— , tail-7'ope committee. s report, xviii. 71- 

72 et .seq. 
—, tail-ropes, xv. 81-88, 90. 
— , technical education, xvii. 102. 
— , telephonic veidilation. tell-tale, xxviii. 

67. 
— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 145-146. 
— , voitilating-furnace.s, ix. 70-71, 149-152. 
— , ventilation of 7yiine.s, i. 261 ; vi. 155, 

159, 160, 223. 
— , visit to Cleveland, xxx. 269. 
— , We.st Cmnherland ha>matite-depo.sit.s, 

xxviii. 219-222, 229, 234 ; xxx. 30. 
— , windhore protector and .suction 

regulcitor, xxx. 52. 
— , winding-ewjine with .self-acting variable 

expamsion, xxvi. 115. 
— , working of overlying and underlying 

coal-seam.s, v. 19. 
— , working of thin seams of coal, iv. 

193-201. 
Greenwood, John, JuN., quoted, xxxi. 

43. 
Greeny-grey iron-ore, xxxv. 126, 127 ; 

diagrams, 145. 
Gregson, Alderman, _^'oMi< meeting, xxi. 

221-222. 
Gregson furnace, xxvii. 205. 
Greig, 1)., .sttam-haulage, xvi. 104. 
Grenelle artesian well, ii. 62. 
Gresley, W. S., correlation of coal -.seams, 

Northern England, xxxvii. 123-124. 
— , two systems of working the main 

coal, Moira, xxxii. 181-190; plates 

xiv. -xxiii. 
Grey, C. H., Newcastle water supply, 

xxiv. 56. 
Grey, Sir George, letter from, xi. 99. 
— , quoted, v. 227-2J8 ; xiv. 68. 
Grey beds, xxxii. 322. 

— chalk, xxxii. 4, 5. 
, analysis, xxxii. 4. 

— river, coal-seams, xxxv. 191-195. 
railway, 191, 195. 

— seam, xxxvii. 7. 



Greymouth, New Zealand, coal iioid, 

xxxv. 191-196. 

, , coals, analyses, xxxv. 194, 19."). 

— , , harhoiir, xxxv. 191, 195. 

--, — , VVallsend colliery, xxxv. 1!>3- 

194. 
(ireyside and Stonecroft lead-mines, 

xxvii. 15-21 ; plate iv. 
Grevsouthen, viii. 151 ; xxxiii. 124, l.'i4, 

138, 139. 

— collieries, xxxiv. 108, 110; .sections, 
328-329, 356. 

(iriesborn beds, xxviii. 64, 65. 
(Iriff colliery, section, xxxiii. 162. 
(iRiFKiTH, (lEO., quoted, xii. 70. 
Griffith, Nathl. R. , coffering of shafts 

to keep back water, xxvi. 3 et seq.; 

plates i.-iii. 
-, Flintshire cannelseam, xix. 75-83. 

- , rope-haulage, xxix. 72-73. 
(Jriqualand West, diamond - deposits, 

xxxii. abs. 5. 
Grisoeul collieries, Belgium, xxvii. 179- 

181. 
(Jrisoumeter, xxvii 97 ; xxxii. abs. 6, 44. 
Grisoutite, experiments, xxxviii. abs. 

26-28, .57, 61-62. 
Grisst'e, Java, artesian well, xxxiv. abt. 

42. 
Groudeok, a. von, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

66. 
Groebe-Luermann gas generator, xxxiii. 

abs. 87. 
Grollmann coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
(Grooving in boilers, xx. 55, 58-59. 
Grosmont, section, vii. 86 ; xiii. 1 15, 122 ; 

xxxv. 114-116, 118, 119, 145. 
(rross-Schirma mine, explosion, xxxviii. 

64. 
Grossouvre, — DE, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

70 ; xxxiv. abs. 22 ; xxxvii. abs. 11. 
Grottington, xxiv. 138, 139 ; plan, 150. 
Ground, H. N., levelling in-strnmoits, 

xxvii. 6, 7. 
Grove seam, xxxvii. 7. 
Growing toirether of ore and ganguc, 

xxxi. '224-225, 230. 
(irowth of coal formations, xii. 31-32. 
Grubenmasson, xxxv. 84. 
(Jrnbenwald coal-seam, section, xxviii. 

57. 
Grund, Upper Harz mine, xxxviii. 64. 
Grundy, Robt. , ra})id sinking, xxix. 

246-247. 
— , quoted, xxix. 243. 
Gruner, E. , quoted, V. 30, 34, 37. 

xxxviii. abs. 18. 
GkUNER, S., (juated, xxiii. 81. 
Guadalajara gold-mines, xxxiv. aba. 31. 
Gueckelsberg borehole, xxviii. 19. 
Guembel, C. W., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

19. 
GuFFiE, W., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59, 
Guibal Thkophile, letter from xiii. 

91-92. 



86 



GEXF.KAL INDEX TO Tit A NS ACTIONS. 



(it'iH\i., Thkophilk, (|uotc(l. xxvi. 14r». 
, vintilatiiij; fans, xix. 'J.'l, •J'JS.'2*.M» ; 
phitf xlii. et xrti.; '"'^'' '^- : ""vi. l."!."), 
l.')7, 161, it ■Tf*/.; XXX. pliiti- 1. ; xxxi. '.)!< 
el •<»7., "239 'f xrii-: xxxii. '24 i/ ik/., 
IIG rtxtti.: xxxiv. abs. 49 ; xxxviii. \\\ 

— , , comimred witli I.emielle, xvi. 

57 ; xviii. 1.19 ; xix. "J-JS, 'i-'K. 

— , , covered, Frainerics, xvi. 6 et 

neq., 11 '21. 

— , , KUwick colliery, xiv. 73-81 ; 

plates Ixix.-lxxi. 

— , , experiments, xxxiii. abs. 56-57. 

-_, , Pclton colliery, xv. 8-10, 50 et 

Ktq., 57 85; xvi 6-10, 42; xviii. 99, 
10'2-104, 130, \:U >^l stq., 139 147. 

— , , table, xxiii. '2*23. 

— , , with conical inlet, xxxviii. abs. 

63. 
— , , working results, xxvii. 105 et 

aeq. 

— , , — , Anzin, xxvii. '269-279. 

Ouicbenbacli coal-seams, xxviii. 24 ; 

sections, 65. 
(lui.le-book. xii. 90-91. 
(luiile-clips for piston-rods, xxiv. 114; 

plate XXV. 
(Juide-rods for safety-cages, x. 85, 89 et 

neq. 

(Juides, ii. •22-'23. 
-- in pit shafts, xv. '2'27, '236. 
Gris.\RD, — , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 69. 
GuiNOTTE continuous indicator, xxv. "206 ; 
plate Ivi. 

— variable expansion system, xxv. 202, 
•20.-)-210; xxvi. 115: xxvu 181, 183. 

Guipiizcoa mines, xxxv. abs. 59-60. 
(iuisborough, xxxv. 1*25. 
Gt'LCHER arc lamp, xxxiv. .37.38. 

— dynamo, xxxiv. 12-13 ; plate iii. 
(Julf stream, xiv. 5. 

(iiLi.AND, J. K. , quoted, xxx. 101. 
(iullets in limestone, v. 148, 150, 155. 
( Til lis in iron -ore deposits, xxxv. 134 ; 

section, 145. 
Gully, — , quoted, iii. apj). 3. 



Gully seam, xxxviii. 15. 

(iun cotton, XV. '287. 

(!nnder.shi>lliu, tire-damp explosion, 

xxxviii. r)2, 69. 
Gt'NN, W.M., repoit on Ihiry reservoir, 

xxxiv. '255 '257. 
Giinnerton coal, xxxvii. 12. 
Gunnison County, Colorado, xxxi. aim. 

41. 
Gunpowder, blasting, xxxi. l.SO-131 ; 

xxxvi. 71-72. 
— , blasting experiments, xxv. 243-246. 
— , disii.se of, xviii. 25-'26. 
— , engines worked by, xiii. 5. 
— , introduced into pits, 1665, xv. 192. 
— , objections to, xxxiii. 37-38, 42, 56 

et xeq. 

— smf)ke, air-velocity determinations, 
X. '20.t-216 ; (liagriiiii facing 215. 

(JrNTHKR ventilating fan, xxvii. 116. 
(iiNTiiKR, F., quoted, -xxxii. abs. 79. 
GCruu, Dr. a., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

62. 
Gi'RNEY, Sir Goldsworthy, quoted, i. 

.38.39, 89, 90, 217; xv. 236, '238; 

xxv. 1'2'2. 
— , pressure-gauge, iii. 172. 
Gustav Adolpl) borehole, Dienslaken, 

xxix. 69, 70-71, 189-190. 
GrxHRiK, .J. Kennkth, instrument for 

ascertaining inclination of boreholes, 

xxix. 61-70; plates iii. -iv. 
CJuts, xxviii. 1'27, 150. 
Gutta-percha buckets, xii. 39. 

for covering wire, xxxiv. 47. 

(iutterby iron-mines, xxxiv. 92, 93. 
Gwendraethooal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 

— valley, xxxi. 178-179; section, 
195. 

Gya, Hindostan, xxxii. 149, 150. 

Gypsum, xxiii. 169-171, 187- 

— , Nova Scotia, xxx. 53-68 ; plate xii. 

— bearing beds, xxx. 54-55. 

— deposits, Catalonia, xxxvi. 38. 

— mills, xxx. 65. 

— production, xiv. 17. 



1 



Haase system of sinking through quick- 
sands, xxxviii. abs. 29-.30. 

Haast, Dr. J. VON., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 
.34. 

Haber, C, quoted, xxxi. abs. 24. 

Habets, a., (juoted, xxxviii. abs. 24, 25. 

Hackney, \V., (juoted, xxxviii. 86, 168. 

Hackworth, .J. \V., quoted, xv. 124, 1.39. 

Hackwurth, Timothy, quoted, viii. 50, 
51. 

Haddingtonshire district, xx. 137. 

Hade of veins, xviii. 166-167; xxvii. 
118-120, 1-23. 

Hadfieli) lubricator, xxv. '220-221 ; plate 
Ixvii. ; xxvii. 9 ; and plate iii. 



Hafodty mine^ xxxvi. 106, 109-110, 112, 

113, 11.5, 116; sections, 117, 118. 
Hagan, John, liyhtumg in pit, Taujitid 

Moor, xxx. 34. 
Hagbeck, section, xi. 72. 
Haggie, p., rating of coal-mineH, xiv. 92. 
Hagside colliery, puniping-engine, xv. 

22 23. 
Hahn, Gcst, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 79. 
Haidingerite, xxv. 68. 
Haigh, xxv. 16, 17- 
— Moor coal-seam, xiv. S3 et leq. 
Hainault, coal-field, statistics, xxxi. abs. 

4-6. 
— , coal-production, vi. 68. 



VOLTTMES I. TO XXXVTTT. 



87 



Hainault, district, iv. 2S9, 295, ixjli-'iOO. 

— , mine accidents, xiii. 6"2. 

— , natural pits, xxiii. 67-80, 95-106 ; 

plates xviii.-xxv., xxvii. 
— , work and wages, xiii. 61. 
Haines, Richard, /edenition of iniiiiii<i 

imtituttn, xxxvii. 'l61, 177, 178. 
Haining Rig coal-seam, sections, xi. 105, 

108, MO; xxii. 125. 
Hair felt, xxxi. 78 et .scq. ; xxxii. 35 tt 

fteq. 
Halbeath colliery, Corliss pumping- 

engine, xxv. 214 ; plate lix. 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 152, 161. 
Halkin, xxv. 81-8.3, 87, 8S. 
Hall, — , water blow-off valve, iv. 

40-42. 
Hall, Edw. W., Jletton colliery explo- 
sion, ix. 98. 
Hall, F. W., Cornish pumping-engine at 

Settlingstones, xxi. 59-64 ; plates 

x.-xii. 
— , quoted, xxvii. 15, 22. 
Hall, Henry, Gunthtr rentilatiiuj fann, 

xxvii. 115-116. 
— , mechanical effect of blown -out shots 

on ventilation, xxv. 239-248 ; plates 

Ixxi.-lxxiv. ; xxvi. 101 at. seq. 
— , mining at Sadrhrnckev., xxviii. 67. 
— , observations during sealing up of 

Maudlin, seam, Seaham colliery, xxxii. 

313-314. 
— , quoted, xxviii. 96 ; xxxiii. 4. 
— , rapid sinking, xxix. 243-246 ; plates 

xlvii. -xlviii. 
— , telephonic ventilation tell-tale, xxvii. 

121-124 ; xxviii. 67-68. 
Hall, Thomas Young, i. 189 et seq., 212, 

231, 255-256, 262, 270; ii. 296-297; 

ui. 5-7, 9, 54, 234. 
— , agreement vnth Natural History 

Society, xii. 42. 
— , arrears of .snhsc7-iptions, xiii. 216. 
- , bequest, xix. 188. 
— , Briti.sh. A.'i.'^oriatioii, xii. 72. 
— , claim for payment for illustrations, 

vii. 179 ; viii. 3. 
— , clo.'ie-topped fnhhing, xii. 21 et .scq. 
— , coal and iron production, United 

States, iv. 125-138. 
— , — cutting machine, xii. 49-50, 78. 
— , — measures, Styria, iv. 55-106. 
— , — production and consumption, 

France, vi. 49-112; vii. 2-4, 6-8, 

30. 
— , copyright of papers, v. 2, 3. 
— , cost of Mnrton innning, v. 148. 
— , destructive action of furnace (fa.fcs, xii. 

26. 
— , di.'itrihution. of jia/ier.s, vii. 29. 
— , drawings of lamps, ii. 9, 12 et ■•<eq. 
— , duration of no rt htm. coal-field, iii. 5 et 

seq., 226. 
— , Erekli and Rodosto coal-field, iii. 54, 

55, 234. 



Hall, Thomas Yoi'm;, extent and dura- 
tion of northern coal-Hold, ii. 103-2.'{0, 
261-283. 

, (/reat northern, coal -f eld, x. 73, 75- 
76, 81-82. 

, Hartley colliery accident, xii. 4 et seg. 
, 11 (Iton colliery explo-fion, ix. 168-169, 
171. 

— , improvements in colliery working.s 
and observations on safety-lamps, li. 
21-30. 

— , international exhibition, ISi;^, xi. 2-3. 

— , In..stifute museum, ix. 142. 

— , loiv main seam, viii. 99, 106. 

-, Lundhill colliery exjjlosion, vi. J2.")- 

126. 
— , Middlesbro' .■<alt, xiii. 93, 97. 
— , Xen- South Wales coed-field., vi. 22, 24. 
~ , observations on safety-lamps, ii. 26-30. 

— , penetrating dangerous gases, ii. 78 et 
seq. 85-89 ; 97 et seq. 

— , progress of coal-mining, China, xv. 
67-74. 

— , quoted, iii. app. 4 ; v. 175 ; viii. 112; 
ix. 68; xii. 174, 177, 192; xv. 236; 
xxiv. 129 ; xxxvii. 9. 

— , rivers and harbours, (ii-eat Northern 

coal-field, x. 41-72. 
— , safety -cages, viii. 8. 
— , safety-lamp for use of coal-miner.^, 

i. 323-336. 
— , ■mfety-lam]).'<, xii. 75, 76. 
— , scholarship founded, xix. 188. 
— , separate copies, v. 4. 

— , .-linl-ing through sand, v. 149, 157. 
— , rtnt Hating fan, Elsecar, xii. 28. 
— , ventdation, vii. 190. 

— , vater-gauge for hoUers, xi. 217-218. 

— , working and ventilation of coal-mines, 
vii. 32-33. 

— , — thick and thin seains, v. 5 et seq. 

Hall, Wm. , longirall n-orking, East Hetton 
colliery, xxv. 259, 260. 

Hall, W. F., Haswell meclianical coal- 
getter, xxxiii. 37-55, 59 ; plate i. 

— , management of colliery horst--:, xxxii. 
114, 163. 

— , quoted, xxvii. 233 ; xxxvii. 245 ; 
xxxviii. 4, 31. 

Hall and Son, quoted, xxxi. 18>\ 

Hall and Whitaker furnace, xviii. 42 
et seq., 52 et .seq. 

Hall safety-lamp, ii. 26 et ■•<e(i., 78 et seq. 

Hall smoke-consumer, xvii. 67. 

— surface condensers, xxiv. 109-110. 
Halliday lubricator, xxv. 219 ; plate 

Ixiii. 
Hallington coal, xxxvii. 12. 

— reservoir, xxiv. 19, 54, 58, 92. 
Hallstadt, first recorded fire-damp explo- 
sion, xxxviii. 62. 

Halse, Edw., manganese-deposit, San 

Pietro, xxxiv. 145-158. 
— , manganese-ore, Merionethshire, 

XXX vi. 103-116. 



88 



GKNKUAI. INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



IIai.skb, , ((iiotud, xxxvii. nliH. SO. 

niiliwlii!<llt«, xxiv. \lVu 

- - ironworks, v. 'J 14. 

Hainblctoii truiniiig grouiiil, v. '2Ul>. 

lluiiiflii, uxpluMiuu in grain wurehouse, 

xxxvii. abs. '22. 
Iliiniillon hunil ooal-suani, Hections, xxxii. 

.{•JS, Xn, MS ; xxxiii. I'JS, l.S'). 
II AMi'K, 1)k. \V. t|iu)leil, xxxiii. ubs. 8 
H.vNAKTE, (i., t|Uoif(l, xxxii. ttba. 83 ; 

xxxvii. aba. .'{J-'M. 
Hancock, , liriiith A.i.io<iafioii, xii. 91. 
Hamih'K, Jno., quoted, xxxvi. IfiS. 
Hand and niacliine riveting compared, 

XXI. GT-tiy. 
Hand-boring', xxxi. 46-47, l07-lO-< 

niacliiiies, xx. tj.'>.70 ; platu xxx. 

, Bornet, xxxvii. 117-120; platu 

xxviii. 

, Durant, xxxvii. abs. 57. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 95-97. 

Hand coal-si-ani, xxxvii. 7. 

Hand-gear for starting and reversing 

winiling-engines, xxvi. 145-149, plate 

xxii. 
Hiuiging cheek, xxviii. 128, 129, 140. 
Hiuikow, mines near, xv. 71. 
Hann safety-lamp, experiments, xviii. 

5 ; xxiii. 18 '/ vf/. 
Hannibal pit, Dortmimd, xxvii. 197. 
Hanover, mining i)roduce, xxxviii. abs. 

37. 

— pit, Dortmund, xxvii. 196. 
Hanrez coal-drying apparatus, xxvii. 

256-257. 
Hansa pit, Westphalia, coal-dust, 

xxxiv. '201 (I stfj. 
Hapton Valley colliery, endless-chain, 

xvii. app. i. 57-70; plates xi.-xii., 

xvi.-xx. 
Harbottle grits, xxiii. 42, 44. 
Harbour coal-seam, xix. 140 ^/ fc/. ; xxiv. 

177, 182, 196, 201-203. 

— — — , section, analyses, and gas 
production, xxvii. 215. 

— improvements, xvii. 79. 
Harbours, x. 41; xix. 13'J, 160-161 ; xxiv. 

182, 191,192, 200-203, 207,223-225. 
Hard coal, France, vi. 79-80. 
, Pelton, xxxvii. 6. 

— vein, xxvii. 92. 

H.\RDEN, Edw. B., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 
71. 

Harden, John H., (juoted, xxxviii. 
abs. 71. 

Hardenberg coal-seams, xxviii. 22 ; sec- 
tions, 59, 65. 

Hardening stone, xxxiii. abs. 45. 

Hardie, — , quoted, xxviii. 94. 

Hardinghem coal-seams, xxvii. 149-150. 

Hardinghem Colliery Company, xxvii. 
162. 

Hardness of coal, varying, v. 18 el seq. 

Hardy, }tlATiH., /ightniufj in pit, Tavfidd 
Moor, xxx. 35. 



Hardy coal-seam, ix. 204, 218, 220, 222, 
224; xxx. 125; xxxvii. 1 3, 20. 

Hari<y picks, Warora xxxviii. 119. 

Harecaslle colli< ry, dones and Bidder 
coal-bnaking machine, xix. 97. 

llareslicld colliery, xxxi. 147. 

Hareshaw Head coal-seam, sections, xi. 
105, 108, 110 ; xxii. 114 ; xxviii. 6, 

- ironstone, xi. i 15. 

- ironworks, v. 167; xiii. 122, 124; 
xxii. 125. 

Hargill hill seam, xxxvii. 127. 
Harureaves, Jno., (juoted, xv. 92. 
Harkess rocks, near Hamburgh, xxvi. 

121-129 ; plan, 130 ; plates xviii. -xix. ; 

sections, xxvi. 123-126, 130; xxvii. 

83-84. 
Harkness, Prok., quoted, xxviii. 137- 

138, 148. 
Harle, Wm., increased economy in coke, 

manufactured by mechanical meanx, 

x.<vii. 127-128; plates xi.-xiv. 
Harlech, xxxvi. 103, 105, 106 ; sections, 

118. 

mine, xxxvi. 107-108, 112, 113, 115. 
HAiniANT, E., quoted, xxxv. abs. 47. 
Harmby limestone, xxi. 266, 268. 
Harm eunies - M i'eseler safety - lamp, 

xix. 126-127; plate xvii. 
Harnes shipping basin and wharf, xxvii. 

274-275. 
Harpen Bergbau colliery, Coppee coke- 
ovens, xxii. 96. 
Hari'er, J. P., safety-cage, xvi. 106, 

113-116, 127. 
Harraton colliery, explosion, vii. 31. 

, Ormerod safety-hook, xx. 81. 

, tail-rope system, xvii. app. i. 32-40 ; 

plates vi.-vii. 
Harrington, xxxiv. 132, 133, 134. 

collieries, viii. 150 ; xxxii. 327, 356 ; 

xxxiii. 121, 126, 148; xxxiv. 106, 107, 

110, 132. 
— ironstone, xxxiv. 91. 
Harris, Mes.srs., quoted, xxiii. 179 tt 

seq. 
Harrisbur(! Intelligencer, quoted, 

iv. 131. 
Harrison, Joseph and John, quoted, 

iii. app. 7. 
Harrlson, Thomas E., death of, xxxvii. 

lo2-133. 

- , quoted, xxii. 64 ; xxix. 184. 
Harrison, W. S., quoted, xxxiii. 167, 

168. 
Harrison and Co., quoted, x. 44. 
Harrison cast-iron boiler, xvi. 30, 35- 

40, 43 ; plates vi.-viii. 
Harrison coal-cutting machine, xiv. 

105, 123, 126, 128. 
Harrogate, water, v. 158. 
Hartbushes colliery, sinking, xi. 16-17. 
Hartiiope, liEematite-vein, xxx. 125. 
Hartlepool, cement works, boring, xxxviii. 

25. 



Volumes t. to xxxvttt. 



89 



Hartlepool, dock and harbour, xv. 235. 
— , docks and railway, x. 54-55. 

, section, v. 195. 
Hartlepools, ii. 11(3-117. 
— , water-supply, xxx. 263 e/, seq. 
Hartley, — , <|Uotcd, xxiii. 63. 
Hartley, Ed., presentation of bocjks, 

xix. 91. 
Hartley, new colliery, plant, xxxvi. 203. 
— , old and new pits, viii. 24, 25. 

— coal, gases produced, xxxi. 191-192. 

— colliery, iii. 12; xiii. 96; section, 209 ; 
XV. 209, 255. 

, accident, xi. 100, 143-157; xii. 

3-15, 181, 201. 
, low main seam, viii. 25. 

— district, seams, xxxvii. 7. 

— main coal, Keyham experiments, xiv. 
plates xi., xii., xv. -xxx., liii., liv. 

Harton colliery, x. 48-49 ; xv. 242, 249. 
, coal-dust, experiments, xxviii. ; 

90-92, 96. 

, Guibal fan, xxvii. 105-107. 

, inflammable gas. xi. 14-15. 

, lightning, xxx. 37, 42-43, 44. 

, plant, xxxvi. 108. 

, pressure of gas in coal, xxx. 212- 

221, 223 (it .seq., 252-256; plates xxxix., 

xliii., xliv. ; xxxii. 127, 128. 

, section, xxx. 210-212. 

, sinking, xi. 14. 

, slip dyke, v. 151, 154. 

— --, water-feeders, v. 151 ; xii. 23, 24. 
Hartop, — , duration of Northtm coal- 
field, iii. 9, 10. 

Hartop, W., quoted, xi. 89. 

Hart coal-field. New Zealand, xxxiv. 

abs. 34. 
Hartt, Prof., quoted, xxxi. 155. 
Harvey, — , adrantagea of mechanical 

ventilation, xix. 236. 
Harvey and Co., Hayle, quoted, xxi. 

59, 154. 
Harvey coal, ii. 143, 216. 

— coal-seam, iii. 8, xiii. 42, 46 ; xxxvii. 6. 
, explosion in, xxxiii. abs. 38. 

, faults, Redheugh, xxxviii. 49 et 

seq. ; plates ii.iii 

, good for coking, viii. 112. 

, longwall working, xxv. 251 et seq. 

, sections, xiii. 72, 77, 209. 

Harwich boring, xxiii. 186. 

Harz, coal-bearing beds, xxxiii. abs. 17. 

— , geology, abs. xxxiii. 109. 

— .Rammelsbergmine, xxxviii. 66; abs. 38. 

— lead mines, iron supports, xxxvii. 136. 

— ventilators, iii. 112, 327, 336. 
Harze, Em. (E. Haven), quoted, xxxv. 

abs. 4 ; xxxvi. abs. 30. 

Hasslacher, a., ((uoted. xxxi. abs. 36, 
xxxii. abs. 22, 75, xxxiii. abs. 40, 74. 

Hastings Hartley coal, Keyham experi- 
ments, xiv. 60 et -seq. : plates xxxiii., 
xxxvii. -xxxix., xii. -xliv. , xlvi., Ix.-lxi., 
Ixv., Ixvii. 



Haswell coal, xiii. 220. 

mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 37^-59 ; 
plate i. 
Haswell Coal Co., xv. 239. 
-, quoted, iii. app. 2, 9. 
Haswell colliery, xv. 235 ; xxv. 6. 

— , cinder-coal, analyses, iii. 21, 23 ; 
xii. 200 ; xiii. 220. 

, damaged shafts, xii. 25. 

, experiments on engine planes, v. 

68-71, 103. 

, fire-damp, xvii. 109. 

— — , horses, xxxii. 107. 
— , issue of gas, i. 283. 

, plan, vii. 132. 

, self-registering gauge, xvii. 42. 

, ventilation, iii. 95, 96, 365-36li. 

— — , — experiments, iv. 15-17; vii. 
131-132, 145, 197. 

— — , — of brokens, xxxi. 16 ; plate 
iii. 

— winning, v. 57- 
Hatchens, xxvii. 96. 

Hatchetine, mineral, i. 241 ; ii. 101 ; xiii. 

224-225. 

, Belgium, xxxiv. abs. 78. 

Hatchways, spontaneous combustion of 

coal near, xxv. 110 et -seq., 178 et seq. 
Haton de la Goupilliere, — , quoted, 

xxxii. abs. 28. 
Hauet, a., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 43. 
Haug, Dk. E., quoted, xxxv. abs. 30. 
Haulage, xix. 162 ; xxxii. 7-14, 364, 365 ; 

xxxiii. 159-160, abs. 43, 75, 85 ; xxxiv. 

71, 72, 76. 

— , Cleveland, underground, xvi. 92-94 
95-100. 

— , coal, underground, xii. 191-193; xvi. 

49-50, 53-56, 88-91; plates xii.-xiii.; 

xxxv. 190. 
— , cost, comparative, xxxiv. abs. 6. 
— , endless-chain system, Spain, xxxvii. 

81-85 ; plate xx. 

— , — rope, Cleveland, xxxi. 110-111; 
plates xiv. -XV. 

— , Exhibits, Newcastle 1887 exhibition 

xxxvi. 87, 123, 218-2J1. 
— , experiments, iii. 239-318 ; v. 67 et seq. 
— , iron-ore, xxxiii. 219-226. 
-, Mariemont, xxvii. 182. 
~, Pelton, xvi. 101-104, 117-124, 125-127 ; 

plates xxx. -xxxiv. 

, report, tail-rope committee, xvii. app. 

i. 4-177. 
— , rope, xxix. 71-74 ; xxxv. abs. 47. 
— , — , methods, xxviii. 237-241, 243-246 : 

plates xl.-xli. 
— , rope and chain, Saarbrlicken, xxxii. 

abs. 65. 
— , South Wales, underground, xxiii. 

224. 
— , steam, x. 25-35, 37-39, 157-159. 
— , tail-rope, xv. 81-97, 14.S. 
— , underground, committee appointed, 

xxvii. 99. 



00 



GENEUAL INDEX To Tit A XS ACTIONS. 



Huulii}je, untleryrouinl, compressed-air 
imuliincry, xxi. 7.'i-H-', I5>!)«7.v'7. 
, Wiirorii, xxxviii. I'2.'M'J4. 
, wire rope, xxxviii. al)8. 70. 

— gear, xxvii. 151, 154, l.V), 158, UH. 
rc)|)e8, xxvii. 55. 

systoni, iv. (5). 
Hiiiiling eiigjiii'8, Hriilgi i>it, Wigan, 
iliineiisiona, xvii. apj). i. 119. 

— — , liryiiildu, (liniensions, xvii. app. i. 
142. 

, Cinder Hill, x. 157-159. 

, — — , dimen.sions, xvii. app. i. 

114. 

— — , Clifton Mull, diiiiensioiis, xvii. 
app. i. 90. 

, economy of, x. 37-39. 

— — , Kston mines, dimensions, xvii. 
app. i. 112. 

, (Jannow, ilimensions, xvii. app. i. 

72-73. 
, Hapton Valley, dimensions, xvii. 

app. i. 57, 6G-67. 
, Harraton, dimensions, xvii. app. i. 

32-33. 
, Heath pit, West 15romwich, x. 32- 

35. 
, Meadow pit, Wigan, dimensions, 

xvii. app. i. 135 
, Murton, dimensions, xvii. app. i. 

41-42. 

— — , Newsham, dimensions, xvii. 
app. i. lOS. 

, North Hetton, dimensions, xvii. 

app. i. 7. 

, Pelton, xvi. 118 ; plate xxx. 

, Rowley, dimensions, xvii. app. i. 

77, 83. 

, Sealiam, dimensions, xvii. app. i. 13. 

, .Seaton Dehival, dimensions, xvii. 

app. i. 23-24. 
, Shireoaks, dimensions, xvii. app. i. 

96. 
Haume, xxxi. 212, 233-235. 
— , limestone, analysis, xxxi. 217. 
Hannchwood colliery, section, xxxiii. 

162. 
Hax'I'T, Prof. L. M , quoted, xxxv. abs. 

10, xxxviii. abs. 21. 
Hauft, Theo., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 52. 
Hausmannite, xxviii. 136 ; section, 155. 
Haussk, K., quoted, xxxii. abs. 18. 
Haut Banc coal-seam, xxvii. 149. 
Haveluy pit, Anzin, xxvii. 176, 271-272. 
Haverton Hill, borings near, xxxviii. 25. 
Haveu, E. (E. Harze), quoted, xxxvi. 

abs. 30. 
Hawkesbury colliery, section, xxxiii. 162. 
Hawkeslev, — , (juoted, iii. 212 et seq., 

330. 
Hawkhill quarry, section, xiii. 175, 176. 
Hawkins, Dr. — , quotecl, v. 229. 
Hawks and Co., quoted, v. 50. 
Hawkshaw, Sir John, quoted, xxii. 65. 
Hawkshead, smithy, xxxiv. 86. 



Hawksley, Wii.n and ('o. , boili-rs, xxx. 

75. 
— , (juoted, xxix 92. 
Hawleliope coal-pits, Hfction, xi. 113. 
Hawn colliery, section, x. 195. 
Hawnby, vi. 188. 
Hawthorn, — , streiii/tli of irroiKjht-iron 

ill niiii/in'Kfiioii, xxix. 186. 
Hawthorn', Thomas, quoted, xxiv. 124. 
Hay for horses, xxxii. 78-80, 111- 1 12, 

161 it "III. 
Hayes, Kohert, Sttjihi hmiu lict/iics/, ix. 53. 
Hayhole, ii. 125. 

Haysiiaw moor, h-ad found, xviii. 171. 
Hazard colliery, IJelgium, xxvii. 184. 
Head, -, quoted, xxix. 92. 
He.vo, .]., Goriiisli (ind other piniijilni/- 

( iniiiiis, xix. 221. 
— , (jiioted, xviii. Ill, 112; xx. 57, 62. 
Headings in collieries, xxxiii. 159. 
Headlam, Dr., quoted, ix. 229-230 ; 

xxxviii. 198. 
Headways, Dipton, ix. 21-23. 

, Killingwortli, ix. 25. 

— , Seat on Hurn, ix. 27. 

, Shildon Lodge colliery, viii. 94. 
— , \Vf)oditi('id colliery, viii. 89 d. mf/. 
Heap burning, coal, viii. 112, 113. 
Heapstead, xxvii. 56. 
Heard, .ju.\., John, quoted, xxxvi. 

al)S. 20. 
Heat, effects on iron-wire, viii. 179-180, 

181-184. 

— , wire-ropes, viii. 14 et acq. 

— , rate of increase below surface, iv. 204. 
in steam at various pressures, xxxvi. 
142. 

— motors, xxxv. 235. 

— of combustion, xxxvi. 139. 
of coal, xxxvi. abs. 26. 

Heath pits, West Bromwich, plan aiul 
section of workings, facing, x. 32, 35 ; 
section of thick coal, facing, x. 184. 
Heathcote, Capt. , quoted, xxv. 137- 
Heating by furnace gases, xxxiv. abs. 12. 

— efficiency of coal and coke compared, 
viii. 124-126. 

— of electric wires, xxxiv. 44. 

— power of coal and gas, xxiii. 51, 55, 61 
tt seq. 

— round and small coal, v. 10-11. 

— • values, iv. 284. 

Heaviside, a. W., HqhtniiKj in pits, xxx. 
43-44. 

— , , Thornlty colliery, xxxvi. 48. 

Hebburn, boring at, i. 283. 

— colliery, ii. 278; xv. 213, 224; xxii. 
131, 136. 

— , Cornish pumping-engine, xix. 203- 
205 : plates xl.-xli. ; xxi. 65. 

, draining off fire-damp, i. 283-286. 

■ , gas, xii. 24. 

, irruption of gas, ii. 12. 

— fell seam, xxxvii. 6. 
Heckbarlev, section, xxxiv. 137. 



I 



VOLFMES T. TO XXXVTTT. 



91 



Hkckblr, Matth., experimPM.fs unth coal- 

dvM, xxxiv. .S04, 307. 
— , locks/or mf(lj/-lam))K, xxxvi. 54. 
-', longwall loorkiiuj, Eaut Hetlon coUitry, 

xxvi. 68. 
— , mechanical effects of blown-out shots on 

ventilation, xxvi. 106. 
— , quoted, xxxi. 66. 
— , Swan improved electric safety-lam ■, 

xxxvi. 57. 
Heckels, Richd. , boring against water in 

coal-mines, xix. 176. 
— , Daglish '^ifety-gange, xvii. 30. 
— , Hetton colliery explosion, ix. 125- 126. 
— , paradoxes in ventilation., xiii. 7 et seq. 
— , quoted, xxiii. 40. 
— , undergronnd surveying, xx. 47. 
— , upcast shafts and their heated air- 
currents, xiii. 53-56. 
— , ventilation of underground boilers, 

xiii. 4, 5. 
Hector, Sir Jas., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

50; xxxv. 175-177, 180, 182-185, 191, 

198, 202, 204. 
Hedley, Edw., Nova Scotian iron-mines 

and ironworks, xiv. 15-25. 
— , quoted, viii. 197. 
Hedley, John, miner's dial, xx. 25. 
— , mines and mining in North Stafford- 
shire coal-field, ii. 235-248. 
— , quoted, ix. 91, 169 ; xix. 55 ; xxix. 

201, 215. 
Hedley, Osbald, quoted, v. 7. 
Hedley, S. H., Fleuss apparatus for 

breathing in noxious gases, xxxi. 202- 

203. 
Hedley, Thus. F., valuation of mines 

for purposes of local taxation, xxiii. 

117-1.30, 131 etseq., 137-141. 
Hedley, William, Wylam, locomotive, 

viii. 48, 50, 51 ; xxxvi. 133, 134. 
— , quoted, xv. 221. 
Hedley, W. H., artificial stone, xxiii. 

159. 
— , correlation of coal-seams of northern 

England, xxxvii. 125-126. 
— , counterbalancing winding -engines, xxv. 

209. 
— , Cumberland coal-field, xxxii. 357. 
— , gas in metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 

70-71. 
• — , intrusion of the whin sill, xxvii. 82. 
— , limestones in Northumberland, xxv. 

56. 
— , "machines n-orked try compressed air, 

xxii. 78, 79. 
— , mining in mountain limestone, xix. 

105, lO'9-lll. 
— , presidential address, G. C. Green well, 

xxx. 271. 
-^, Reumaux inethod of cleaning coal, 

xxvi. 141-142. 
— , Eoutledge-Johnson safety-lamp, xxxiv. 

189. 
— , signals on engine- planes, xxiv. 167. 



Hedley, W. H., systems of working 

main, coal at Aloira, xxxii. 221. 
— , use of iron supports in main roads of 

mines, xxxvii. 142-143. 
— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 1. 32- 1.33, 1.10- 

151, 154, 155-156 r-/ .vftr/. 
— , variations in f aid ting of coal, xxxviii. 

55, 56. 
— , water as motive-]>ower, xxviii. 180. 
Height of flame-cap in Pieler spirit- 
lamp, xxxviii. 179-181 ; plates v.. viii. 
Heiligenwald coal-seam, section, xxviii. 

57. 
Heinitz colliery, xxvii. 188 ; xxviii. 52- 

54 ; sections, 61-62, 65. 
Heinrich, 0. J., quoted, xxxi. abs. 12. 
Heinrich coal-seam, xxvii. 186 ; sections, 

xxviii. 59, 65. 
Heinrich Gustav colliery, Dortmund, 

xxvii. 198. 
Hellhoffite, xxxvi. abs. 27; xxxvii. abs. 

45, 49-50. 
Helson, Cryriaque, quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 24. 
Hematite, xiv. 18, 19; xxiv. 246, 247- 

xxv. 82-83, 86-87 ; xxxi. 47. 
—, analyses, xxviii. 122, 124, 132, 133,137. 
— , — , Muirkirk, v. 10. 

— deposits, Furness, xxxi. 211-23S; 
plates xxxvii. -1. ; xxxiii. 121. 

, West Cumberland, xxviii. 109- 

154, 219-234; plates x viii. -xxxiii., 
xxxix. ; xxx. 27-30, 113-118. 

— mines, explosions, xxxviii. 70-71. 
Hemingfield pits, Elsecar colliery, venti- 

lating-fan, xi. 89-98. 
Henaut anemometer, x. 208, 238-239 ; 

drawings, facing, 238. 
Henderson, — , quoted, iii. app. 8 ; vi. 

23. 
Henderson, C. Handford, (juoted, xxiv. 

abs. 24. 
Henderson, Fanny, quoted, viii. 37. 
Henderson, Jas., quoted, xxxi. 33. 
Henderson mechanical stoker, xxxviii 

224, 225. 

— steel, xxxvii. abs. 65-66. 

Hendre colliery, xxv. 100; section, 10<). 
Hendi-ecerrig, xxxvi. Ill, 112, 113, 116. 
Henrich, Carl, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 56. 
Henrotte, J., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 51. 
Henshaw, Albert, quoted, xxx. 24. 
Henwood, Jory, quoted, xxxi. 62, 67 

70. 
Heniy pit, Broughton Moor, section, 

xxxii. 330. 

, Whitehaven, xxxiv. 113-114. 
, Workington, section, xxxii. 327- 

328. 
Heppel, — , xxi. 43. 
Hei'Pell, Thos., coke-ovens, xxii. 19. 
— , Cranston pmu mafic rock-drill, xxix. 

221-225; plates xliv. -xiv. 
Heppell, W., quoted, xxvii. 103. 
Hepple, Geo., quoted, v. 145. 



OE.VEUAI. INDKX TO TRAXSACTTONS. 



UkkaI'atii, \V.m . liiuilvsiH, white coal, 

iv. 191 iinj. 
HtKii-vr, , iiuhUmI, xxxviii. iil>s. {). 
Hfivlii'nbjich coal-aciun, stclioii, xxviii. 

Oo. 
Hirculei! tlyke, xxviii. '2'2. 
Hkkuakt kk Tin ry, I.. K. F., iiuoteil, 

xxxviii. I)."). 
IlKKi.Mi, Hl'uoi.i'M, «iuotoil, xxxii. abs. 

s:{. 
llirringsoliinidt nickel extracliou pro- 

cetts, XXXV. abs. 39-40. 
Honington culliery, plant, xxxvi. 215. 
Hkrsi'hei., Pk(»k. a. iS., Arrhtr and Hob- 

«(;/ s rnt/ir, xxxvi. 101. 

, Ji/iiiic/itt syiinn oJ'raUiuij vwil, xxiii. 

91-9-2. 

, cinilijas (Ui a hent-produ(<r, xxiii. 62. 
— , liniiijtr of .1/Mtrks from yvicktm and 

uttiniiuis, xxxiii. G-7. 

, detection of iiijluminnhle ijfi-t ill s-innll 

quantilit-s, xxvi. 136-137. 
— , ycusci, xxvii. 65-67, 70, 290 

el «eq. 

- , Uouijla-s .mj'tty-lamp, xxxv. 67. 

, fx/» riiniiit.'< with coal-duM, xxviii. 
102; xxxiv. 301. 
— , Fowler hydraulic winliiKj-ijtar, xxiii. 
36-38. 

, ijautt occluded in coal, xxii 28-29, 
129- 133. 

- , liaud-ijear for startimj nml n r< rsiiit/ 
'ri)idiiiij-i iKjiiiis, xxvi. 14.1-146, 149. 

— , improved form of seismoscope, xxxvii. 

101-1 1 1 and plate xxi. 

, iuclinatioii of horehofei, xxxix. 70. 
— , liiihtuiiKj in pit, Tanjitld Moor, xxx. 

37-40 tt -stq. 
— , — — — , West Thomley colliery, 

xxxiii. 88-89. 
— , marhiufs v;orked hy compreiied air, 

xxii. 21-22, 30-34, 35, 75-77 tl .seq. 

- , viechniiical cjf-cts of h/oioi-out shots on 
ventilation, xxvi. 102-103 ttseq. 

-- , observations '7 Seaham colliery durimj 

sealing up of Maudlin seam, xxxii. 312- 

313. 
— , pressure of ijas in solid coal, xxx. 2.1S- 

259 xxxii. 317. 
— , quoted, xxx. 155, 158-159 ; xxxi. 69 : 

xxxv. 231. 
— , rapid determination of specific gravi- 

fi's, xxxvi. 97-98. 
— , safniy-lavips and shot-firing, xxiv. 

171-172. 
— , securiie, xxxvi. 84-85. 
— , shrinkage of paper, xxxv. 46. 
— , s/jontaneous combustion of coal, xxv. 

128-129. 
— , statical and dynamical presstire in 

lifting sets, xxi. 97-99 ft/ seq. 
— , Swan electric safety-lamp, xxxi. 119; 

xxxv. 58. 
— , — imjrroved electric 8aftty-himp,xxx\i. 

58. 



HKR8(;nRL, Prof. A. S., transmission <;/" 

powi r l>y ■ilium, xxxv. 162 it seq. 
-, vent Hull niifiiHM, xxvii. 116. 
— , rentilntioH of mines, xxvi. 181-184. 

— , trinding-engiue with self-acting variable 
e^rjunision, xxvi. 114, 115. 

Hesket Newmarket, xxxiv. 130, 131. 
Hkssk, I)i;., t|U<)te<l, xxxii. abw. 41. 
Hesse, coal iiixduolion, xxxii. abs. 74. 
Hester pit, Hartley, accident, xi. l4.S- 

157 ; sections, facing 143 ; ])lanH of 

workings, facing 151, 153. 
Hetcliester, xxx. |J3. 
HKTHKRiN<iTON, Messks., (juoted, xvi. 

35 '/ siq. 
Hett dyke, ii. 110-112. 
Hetton, Northumberland, ninety fatli(jm 

dyke, ix. 192, HJ6. 
Hetton Coal Comvany, (juoted, iii. 

app. 2. 
Hetton colliery, v. 56 ; x. 16, 20-21 ; xii. 

186. 
, boilers, xi. 208. 

— — , coal-cutting machines, xiv. 105- 
118 ; xxii. 74, 75. 

, damaged shafts, vii. 25. 

, diagrams of ventilation, i. plates 

iv., vii. 
, evaporative power of boilers, xvi. 

98, 108. 

— — , experiments on furnaces, ix. 131. 

— — , pressure of gas in coal, xxxii. 

127-128. 

, explosion, ix. 89-92, 93-129. 

, fire-damp, xv. 167. 

, fixed engines, iii. 287-290, 294, 303. 

, haidage experiments, iii. 251-252, 

263-264, 284 ; xvii. app. i. 7. 
, method of working, vii. 59-60. 

— --, plan of boilers, furnaces, etc., 
facing, ix. 96. 

, workings, facing ix. 95. 

, pressure of gas in coal, xxx. 167- 

170, 223 et seq., 226 ; plates xxxix., xl. 

— — , railway, viii. 55 ; xv. 227. 

, Ransome soluble glass for tubbing, 

xi. 25. 

, roof, V. 19. 

, safetv-lamp experiments, xvii. 1-3, 

5 et seq.", 33-34, 37-40, 60-63 ; plates 

i.-ii. ; xxiii. 17 t^ seq. 

— — , steam haulage experiments, v. 98, 
108. 

, stone preservatives, xi. 2.'). 

, ventilation, iii. 94, 96, 136-137 ; ix. 

95; xii. 186, 188. 

— — , — , underground boilers, xii. 80, 
82-83. 

, — experiments, i. 94-96, 105, 106- 

114, 158-164 ; vii. 62 et seq., 196 et seq.; 

ix. I.S2 et .seq. 

— safety-lamp, xvii. 63. 
Heusweiler, section, xxviii. 65. 
Hewitt, Abraham, quoted, xxv. 149, 

1.50. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXX VIII. 



98 



Heworth colliery, engine experiments, 

ix. 170. 
, evaporative power of boilers, v. 

106. 
, steam haulage experiments, v. 85- 

92, 106-107. 

— dyke, ii. 110 ; xxxviii. 56. 
Hewing of coal, cost, iv. 197-198, 199. 
Hexham, boring near, xxxi. 4'J, 46. 

— , New South Wales, vi. 46. 
Heyrowsky, E. , quoted, xxxv. abs. 15. 
Heywood, — , quoted, xxxvi. 62. 
JHibernia colliery, Westphalia, sinking, 
xi. 15-16. 

— — , ventilation, xii. 51-62, 76-77 ; 
diagram facing 51. 

Hick, G. W., patent coal-screen, xxi. 

295-298 ; plates xlvii.-xlviii. 
Hicks, Prof. E. L., quoted, xxxv. abs. 

40. 
Hickson, J., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Hickson, J. S., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Hkjgs, Sam., safety-lamp, xvii. 1, 37- 

39. 
High cap nick, section, xi. 138. 

— force, xxi. 253 ; section, 138. 

— Furness, xxxi. 211. 

— haume, section, xxxi. 237. 

— level bridge, Newcastle, viii 75; 
section, xiii. 82. 

— main coal-seam, ii. 272, 274 et seq.; 
iii. 8 ; v. 136 tt seq. ; viii. 30, 102-103 ; 
xiv. 30; XV. 220, 224; xxxiii. 127; 
xxxvii. 6, 126. 

, drowned, i. 30 

, Hartley, xi. 144 tt seq. 

■ , pillar working, ix. 20, 24, et 

seq. ; section, facing 24. 
, winning of, Gosforth colliery, 

xxxviii. 189-203 ; plate xxiv. 

— park. Moor Green collieries, Waddle 
ventilator, xix. 233, 234. 

High-pressure steam, xxiv. 110 et seq; 
258 et seq. 

— — water-wheel, Comstock, xxxviii. 
abs. 20. 

High price of ironwork, xxxvi. 134-135. 
HiGSON, Jacob, Silkstone and Bariis/ey 

coal-seams, xxv. 20. 
HiGSON, Peter, direct-actimj pumping 

and winding -engines, xv. 31. 
— , safety -cages, xv. 111. 
Hikurangi coal-seams, xxxv. 180. 
HiLGER, E. , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 3. 
Hill, Geo., quoted, i. "J 40 <tseq. ; xxxviii. 

196, 197. 
Hillsboro', New Brunswick, xxiii. 168, 

169, 170 ; xxx. 56, 57, 65. 
HiLT, C, experiments with coal-dust at 

Neunkirchen, xxxiv. 199-221. 
— , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 28, 47 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 80. 
Himmelsfurst mine, Freiberg, gas, 

xxxviii. 67. 
HiNDE, Hodgson, quoted, xiii. 118. 



Hindley colliery, McGill di.sconnecting 
hook, xix. app. i. 17. 

— fiehl colliery, rapid sinking, xxix. 
243-247 ; plates xlvii.-xlviii. 

Hindu labourers, xxx. 21. 

Hindustan, diamond-bearing pegmatite, 
xxxvi. abs. 37. 

HiKN, (j. A., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 26. 

HiRSCH, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 45, 104 

Hirteler coal-seam, section, xxviii. 65. 

Hirwain, xxxi. 177. 

Hirzbach petroleum district, xxxiv. abs. 
67. 

Hirzweiler, sections, xxviii. 65. 

History and progress of French produc- 
tion of coal, vi. 51-72. 

— of alum trade, xxxi. 56-57. 

anthracite njining, xxxi. 176. 

coal and coke, xii. 164-167. 

formation, xx. 145-146. 

mining, xv. 67, 68. 

German coal-mining, xxvii. 25-29. 

gold. Nova Scotia, xxxi. 151-152. 

iron manufacture, xiii. 118-124. 

— — metal mining, Britain, xiii. 190- 
195. 

mining in Cumberland and North 

Lancashire, xxxiv. 83-124. 

— — North of England coal trade, 
quoted, iv. 288. 

Saarbrucken coal-field, xxviii. 9-10. 

San Pietro deposits, xxxiv. 1 55- 1 56. 

South Wales coal-field, xxiii. 197- 

198. 
Transylvanian gold-mining, xxxv. 

83-84. 

Warora coal-field, xxxviii. 84. 

Hitchcock, Prof. — , quoted, iii. 73. 

Hitches, xxii. 136. 

Hobb Hill, Cleveland, xxxv. 116 ; 

section, 115. 
Hobberlaw, Alnwick, iii. 24. 

— coal, xxxvii. 13, 19. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 19. 

, analysis, iii. 24. 

HocHSTRATE, H., quoted, xxxi. 245 ; 

abs. 11 ; xxxii. abs. 44. 
Hocking, J., quoted, xxx. 141. 
Hodbarrow, xxviii. 110, 114. 
Hodge seam, xxxvii. 7. 
HoD(!E8, A. D., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 39. 
HoDGiN, Fred., lightmng, Kim' lesirorfk 

colliery, xxx. 130. 
HoiHiKiNSON, Prof. Eaton, quoted, 

xxix. 179 tt seq. 
Hodgson, — , quoted, xxxvi. 158. 
Hodgson, Miss, quoted, xxviii. 124-125, 

139. 
Hodgson, Rev. — , quoted, viii. 46. 
Hodgson, Cil-vs., quoted, xx. 4, 7. 
HoD(!son wire tramway, xxxiii. 220- 

222 ; elevation, 235. 
HoEPFNER, Dr. C, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

60. 
Hoerde, Copp(?e coke-ovens, xxii. 96. 



94 



GENERAL IXDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



HiiKKMANS, v., «|Uote«l, xxvii. •237-'240. 

HoKMANN, Al> , <|»loU'll, XXXvii. ill)8. til. 

IhxiDKN safety '>i";ik»', x. '.H '.»i. 
Hoisting urrungfiiu'iits, modil, xxxviii. 

aim. 7-S. 
llol(U>r8 for electric l.-mips. xxxiv. 55 ; 

plate X. 
H«le liiiu", section, xxvii. 97. 
Holers, hewers, x. 1'28. 
Hni.cATK, -, (|iu)teil, xxxvi. 113, 114. 
Hoi.i.AM>, 1)|{. V. H., II innrni nf dead 

fuxlirs, V. -JC-i-JtU. 
HoM.AM>, Jno , (|UoIim1, xxxiv. al)S. iMt. 
Hollin c(.al. XXV. !tS). 
Holly Close, iroiustone, x. 1"20. 
Hollyltush vein, xxvii. !)2. 
Hul.MAN, S. , impniveil i)iinip-valve.s, 

xvii. 90-91 ; plate vii. 
Holnier coal-seam, xiii. SS. 
HoLMta* J. H. H., (juoted, xxxvii. 9. 
Holmes collir-ry, gas-Ulower, xvii. lOG. 
Hoi.T, , (]Uote(l, xxiv. 118. 
Hoi.T, Hknky, Lintdhill colli) ry i xji/nsioii. 

V. -.'48, •_'5:i. 
H»)i.T ANi> Bainbridoe lubricator, xxv. 

'2'2l ; plate Ixviii. 
Holwell. Leicester, iron-ore deposits, 

XXXV. 121.1'23 ; section, 14."). 

— , — . , analysis, xxxv. 122. 

— , -, — , output, xxxv. 123. 

Holy Island, limestone, analysis, iii. 24 ; 

xxxvii. 18. 
Holywell, Flintsliire, xxv. 82, 87, 88. 

— colliery, viii. 26 

— Reins seam, xxxvii. 7. 
Holzwickedc colliery, xxxii. ahs. 63-64. 
Home Secretaky, Mines Regulation Act, 

1S72, xxiv. .S9. 
Homebush colliery, New Zealand, xxxv. 

200; section, 200. 
Homer, Chas. J., direct-acting pumping 

and winding-engines, xv. 36, 38-39. 
Homer-sham, S. C, quoted, xiii. 18. 
Homestake, gold-vein, xxxiii. abs. 25. 
HoMKRAV, — , quoted, xxii. 7. 
Hone-(iay, Tonquin, coal-field, xxxvi. 

abs. 36. 
Honeycombed quartz, xxxviii. 173-174. 
Honeycrof t ironstone, x. 1 CO. 
Honeycrook works, xxxi. 207. 
Honorary membership, regulations, xxv. 

103, 141-142. 
Hood, Arch., mj'<ty-ci(i<.-<, x. 95. 
HooD, Walker, quoted, xxxi. 149. 
Hook, detaching. Walker, xxiv. 35-37 ; 

plate xii. 
Hooks disconnecting, xix. app. i. 12-17 ; 

plates xiv -xvii. 
Hoonan province, xv. 70. 
Hoosoy, Wm., quoted, xxxviii. 67. 
HoozE, .J. A., quoted, xxii. abs. 2 ; xxiii. 

abs. 13. 
Hop drying, xxxi. 185-186. 
Hoi'E, Ralph, H(ttnn ro//i>-ri/ explosion, 

ix. 107. 



Hoi'KiNsoN, , (juoted, xxxvi. 62. 
HoiTON, — , quoted, vi. 153. 
Horizon of coals, xx. 142, 143. 

— low main coal-seam, Duiluun, 
xxx\ii. 151-153; plates xxxvii. -xl. 

— Nova Scotian gypsum, xxx. 56-57. 
Horizontal-balance liiermometer, xxxiv. 

142. 

— Hues in coke-ovens, ix. 37-38, 45. 

— pendulum seismograph, xxxvii. 61-64 : 
plates xiii.-xvi. 

— l)ressure, xxxi. 156, 157. 
retorts, mineral oil, xx. 177 <'t scq. 

— rotative pumping-engines, xix. 213- 
214 ; plate xxxviii. 

— seam.>s in boilers, xx. 59 <! fif/. 
Horloz J*! Tilleur, Li6ge, Goffint ventilator. 

xxx. 2S4-287. 
Horn coal-seam, section, xxviii. 64. 
Horner, C. J., Om/ion-Jonex conl-(je.tliii(i 

ninr/iiiir, xix. 243. 
Hor.se gins, xxxiv. 94, 96, 103. 
Hor.se-kec;pers in collieries, xxxii. 88-89. 
Horse-power re(|uired in coal-haulagi-, 

xvii. app. i. 175-176. 
Horses, xxviii. 119; xxxi. 158. 
— , Cinderhill, x. 157, 159. 

— in collieries, iii. 262-270. 

— , feeding and management, xxxii. 

61-116, 154-174; plate xii. 

— - .South Staffordshire mines, x. 31, 
37-38. 

Horsley Wood coal-seam, xxxvii. 7. 
Horton, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 153. 
HosKOLD, H. D., quoted, xx. 23, 31, 87, 

93, 10.3. 
HosKYNs, — , death of, xxi. 83. 
Hostenbach colliery, section, xxviii. 

56. 
Hostmen, fellowship of, xv. 181, 186- 

188, 190-192, 194, 198, 199. 
Hot rolled iron, viii. 14. 
Hot water locomotives, xxxiii. abs. 

45. 
H6tel Louise, for miners, xxvii. 184. 
Hotham Street, Liverpool, waterworks 

engine, xxi. 1.33-1.34, 139 <-f .s.'.q. 
Hottinguer pit, Epinac, Blanchet system 

of raising coals, xxiii. 82-87 ; plate 

xxvi. 
Houghall colliery, xv. 239. 
Houghton colliery, air- ways, xiii. 11, 50. 

, plant, xxxvi. 216. 

, safety -cage, xx-ii. 114. 

, section, xxxvii ; plate xl. 

Hours of meeting, iii. 2.35-236, 374. 

labour, xxii. 40, 41 ; xxiv. 151. 

House stove for anthracite, xxxi. 18fi ; 

figuies, xxxi. 195. 
Household coal, ii. 1.37-138, 145-155 ; xii. 

15fl-160, 163; xiii. 220. 

, northern coal-field, iii. 7-8. 

district, ii. 265-267, 272. 

— purposes, use of anthracite, xxxi. 
186-187. 



VOLUMES T. TO XXXVIII. 



95 



Housing of North of Kiigland Mining 

[nsULute, i. 2(59; iii. 11, 47-48, -J.'U ; 

xvi. 41. 

specimens, v. '2'H\. 

HovEY, Rev. H. C, quoteil, xxxi. abs. 

7. 
How, Dr. H., quoted, xix. 1.34, 135, 158 ; 

xxvi. 72, 70, 78 ; xxvii. 220, 224 ; 

xxix. 56 ; xxx. 58, 60. 
HowAKD, W. F., Buxton venrilation 

register and detector, x. 133-135. 
— , f('(hratioii of miiiiiu/ instltnttfi, xxxvi. 

198-199; xxxvii. 163. 
— , ten years' mineral statistics, United 

Kingdom, xxi. lGl-198. 
— , practice in underground surveying 

and advocacy of contoured mining 

plans, XX. 19-45, plate xxv. and tables 

i.-v. ; 101, 104-105. 
— , quoted, xix. app. i. 8, 14. 
Howard boiler, xxix. 95 ; plate viii. 
HowAT multitubular safety-lamp, xxix. 

155, and plate xxiv. 
Howdon pit, proposed pumping-engine, 

V. 139. 
Howell, — , yeo/ogica/ Kurvei/, Tyne 

dlMrkf, xiii. 215. 
Howgill collieries, xxxiv. 103, 104, 109. 
Hovvlite, analysis, xxx. 60. 
Hovv.sE, R., anthracite, xiii. 157- 
— , boundary between millstone grit 

and mountain liinestone, xiv. 43-45. 
— , c/axxification of carhonifarous roch'^, 

xiv. 70", 71. 
— , coal-mining in China, xv. 1. 
^, drift in coa/-meaNure-s, xiii. 158-160, 

166, 167. 
— , gases occluded in coal, xxii. 131. 
— , glaciation of Durham and Northum- 
berland, xiii. 169-185. 
— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv 23-31. 
— , magnesian limextone, xiv. 29-32, 34. 
— , Middlefihro' salt, xiii. 93, 95-97. 
— , Minera firextone, xxiv. 155. 
— , Northu7nherland limestonex, xxiv. 146- 

147, 149, 150. 
— , Penhxylvanian anthracite region, xiii. 

157, 163, 165. 
— , quoted, xii. 146, 207-208; xxii. 119; 

xxiv. 141 ; xxxiii. 165, 170. 
— , Iiv.isian co(d-fieldx, xxiv. 151. 
— , wash of Durham coal -field, xiv. 4, 5, 6. 
HoYLAND, Jno. , Lnndhill colliery explo- 
sion, V. 247. 
HoYLE, R., quoted, viii. 110. 
HozAK, Jos., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 94. 
Hub coal-seam, xix. 140-142, 159; xxiv. 

177, 182, 189, 196, 202. 

, section and analysis, xxvii. 215. 

HuBBiSHAW, Wm., Lundhill colliery ex- 

jjlosinn, V. 239. 
Hucklow Edge vein, xxxviii. 60-61. 
Hucknall colliei'y, scroll-drum, xxiii. 38. 

HUDDLESTON, W. H. , qUOted, XXXV. 150, 

151. 



Hudson, , apparatus for prevention of 

oneriinnding, xxix. 228, 229. 
Hudson rivei- tunnel, xxxv. 228, 229 
Hud.son's Bay territory, minerals, xxx v. 

abs. 51-52. 
Huelgoat and Poullaouen mines, xxxvii. 

abs. 7-8. 
Huelva, pyrites deposits, xxxvii. 27-51, 

and plates ii.-vii. 
Hu(!(aN smoke-consumer, xvii. 67. 
Hughes, — , quoted, xxxviii. 78 el sen 

167. 
Huoheh, —, tail-ropes, xv. 89. 
Hu(iHES, Theodore W H., quoted, 

xxx. 3; xxxi. abs. 47, 48 ; xxxii. 149,' 

152, 153, abs. 3; xxxiii. abs. 31- 

xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Hull, Dr. Edw., quoted, x. 161, 162; 

xxi. 30-31 ; xxviii. 16 ; xxxiii. 1.30, 144.' 
Hull, hydraulic distribution of power 

xxviii. 180. 
— , swing bridges, xxii. 63, 67. 
Hulton, coal-seams, xv. 14. 
Humble, Jos., inclination of lioreholes 

xxix. 191-192. 
Humble, Stephen, safety-hooks xxix 

215 et seq., 206, 207, 231 ; plate 

xxxvii. 
Humboldt, Baron A. von, quoted xii 

32 ; XV. 6, 45. 
Hiimboldt coal-seam, section, xxviii. 64. 
Humidity of air at North Shields, xxxiv 

179. 
Humphrey Head, xxxi. 229, 230. 
Hundsriick, sketch map, xxviii. 10. 
Hungary, building stones, xxxiv. abs. 32. 
— , coal, xxxiv. abs. 57. 
---, tire-clay, xxxiv. abs. 23. 
— , mines, gas, xxxviii. 67. 
— , mining in, xxxv. abs. 26-27. 
— , petroleum, xxxiv. abs. 64 ; xxxv. 

abs. 65. 
Hunger clay, xxxi. 224. 
HunsburyHill, xxxv. 137 ; section, 145. 
Hunt, Robert mineral statistics, x. 71. 
— , quoted, iv. 30, 57, 67, 68, 301, 303; 

xi. 41 ; xxxi. 179; xxxviii. 35. 
— , spontaneous comhustion of coal, xxv 

184-186. 
— , testimonial, vii. 181. 
Hunt, Dr. T. Sterrv, quoted, xxx. 61 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 65 ; xxxiv. abs. 23. 
Huntcliffe colliery, ventilating - fans, 

xxvi. 155 et seq. 
Hunter, Jas., survey of Flaggy Creek 

pit-heading, xxxviii. 13-16 ; plate i. 
Hunter, Jas. C, reception of risifors, 

xxxvi. 164. 
Hunter, Wm., quoted, i. 2. 
Hunter river collieries, vi. 31 ; map of 

district, 36 ; sections, 45. 
Hunter stone-dressing machine, xxvii. 15. 
Hunting, Chas., feeding and manage- 
ment of colliery horses, xxxii. 61-116, 

154-174 ; plate xii. 



H6 



GENEHAI. INDIA T(» TRANSACTIONS. 



HrNTiiN, I^n'is, c|uotetl, v. 177. 

Huiiwick collit ry, xv. '2iV2. 

Hi Ki«, Kkkk., Hiinl ami Simpson coal- 

geltin>; uikI iiii-compii-.s.siiig iiuicliinery, 

xxiii. 107-1 1- ; plates xxviii. xxxii. 
Huronian st-rics, xxiv. 'JM. 
Hirst, Tiuks. (iR.\iN(iK, Cftneiit-uHtlllwj, 

ix. 17.S. 
— , /Iftton MufViij./itmp rA/Mtrimeiit-i, xvii. 

3334. 
— , pecuHaritieH of Tvn«' I^ow Main seam, 

viii. •Ili'M, <>7, IOd". 107. 
— , .juoU-.l, viii. IS.-), 1SM.191, 194,195; 

ix. 71. 
— , Hnf>ly-cni}f>, viii. 7. 
Hury reservoir, reports, xxxiv. 255-262 ; 

plate xxxix. 
HrsiiAsn pneumatic stamp.s, xxx. 138. 
Husk in various grains, weight, xxxii. 

72, 1 05. 
Hr.ssMANN <lrill, xxxi. abs. 26. 
HtTciiiNS, H., (iuote<l, xxxvii. abs. 73. 
HiTciiiNSoN, W M., tiuoted, xxxiv. 90, 

101, \0i. 
HrTtiiiNsoN apparatus for penetrating 

noxious atmnsplierts, ii. 42. 
Hrrr, , (luoled, iii. app. 3. 
HiTToN, Cai'T. — , quoted, xxxv. 175, 

197, 208, 209. 
HuTTON, Dr. — , quoted, ix. 193, 212; 

x. 230, 238. 
Hutton coal-seam, ii 107, 111-112, 130- 

131, 148-149. 154, 165-166, 174-181 ; 

iii. 8, 21, 23, 34, 46 ; iv. 141 >t s^tf. ,• v. 

18, 20, 53, 54; section, 119; xiii. 71, 

73-79, 106, 107, 206, 208, 209, 212, 

219, 220, 223, 224 ; xiv. 28-30, 33 ; xv. 

224. 234-236, 238, 239 

, Browney colliery, xxviii. 106. 

, coals from, xx. 97. 

, gas in, Eppleton, xxx. 163, 174- 

191, 225 e/ .v'7. 
, , Helton, xxx. 163, 169- 

170, 225 H s.q. 
, pillar working, Dipton, ix. 18, 

20 Ct SKI. 

Hutton, W., collection of fossils, xxxii. 

179. 
— , — — — , report of sub-committee, 

XXV. 1. 

— , Fossd Flora, purchase, iii. 373 ; v. 64, 

162, 225; viii. 85, 17:5. 
Hutton Lowcross mines, v. 192-194. 
Hutton Rudby, lias, x. 201. 
Hrxn.\M, HoRT, joint cotnmittee on 

iii'ihauir'U rfutUators, xxxvii. ISl, 

182 It seq. 



Hwch vein coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Hydraulic boring apparatus, .Jell'erson, 

xxix. 235-240 ; plate xlvi. ; xxx. 83- 

88. 

— brakes for wimling -engines, xxxvii. 
abs. 43-44. 

— coal-cutting macliine, xiv. 83-89, 115 
ct KKj., 135 ; i)late Ixxii. 

— coal-wfdging machine, (Jrafton 
Jonis, xix. 23i)-243 ; plates xliv.-xlvi. 

— drill, Brandt, xxx\ii. abs 34. 
, Cleveland, xxxviii. 36. 

, Lumpsey, xxxvi. 67-72, 121 ; plates 

ix.-xi. 

— engine, recijjrocating, xxiii. 3 ; plate 
vii. 

— keps, xxxii. abs. 43. 

, Lens, xxvii. 278 ; plate xxxv. 

— limestone, xxv. 83, 88. 

— machinery, xviii. 179-180. 

, in connexion witli swing-bridges, 

xxii. 64 ft .sey. 

— machines in silver-mines, xxxiii. abs. 
79. 

-pump, Sulzbach, xxvii. 189. 
-•- ram, Heumaux, xxxvi. abs. 16. 

— regulat(;r foi' winding-engines, xxvi. 
111-113; plate xvi. 

— riveting machines xviii. 3-4, 12-18, 82- 
81 ; ]>Iates ii.-\-. 

— steering gear, xxvi. 145-146. 

— testing of ropes and sockets, xxxi. 
abs. 20-21. 

- transmission of power, xxxi. abs. 
27. 

— winding gear. Fowler, xxiii. 29-41 ; 
plates xi.-xiv. 

Hydrocarbons evolved from coal, xxvi. 
35 et -se'j. 

Hydrochloric acid, coke washed with, 
xxii. 12. 

Hydro - electric machine, Lord Arm- 
strong, xxxii. 199, 217, 220 ; plate 
xxix. 

Hydrogen, formation in boilers, xi. 46 
et sifj. 

— sulphide in mines xxxviii. 64-67- 
Hygrometric condition of atmosphere, 

xxxv. abs. 46. 

— observations at North Shields, xxxiv. 
179. 

Hygroscopical testing of coke, xxii. 103. 
Hynd, H. Y., quoted, xxxi. 160. 
Hynd, Prof., quoted, xxiv. 179, 181, 

183 ; xxxi. 153, 155. 
Hypozoic period, xi. 122. 
Hysloi' winding-engine, xxxiv. 108. 



I. 



I'aNSOx, Jas., apparatus for prevention 
of overwinding, xxix. 187-188; plate 
xxxiii. 

Ice, action, xxxi. 161, 162. 



Ice, production in compressed-air 

machines, xxii. 21-22. 
Ichthyocoprolite, drawing, ix. 189. 
Ida shaft, Hohndorf. xxxiii, abs. 5-6, 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



97 



Igneous rocks, xxiii. 'J06. 

, Formosa, xxxiv. 07, CD, 78. 

Ignition by sparks, experiments, xxxvi. 
abs. 41-42. 

— of shots, Lauer friction -match, xxxvii. 
abs. 46. 

. — in fiery mines, xxxvii. abs. 30. 

— point of mineral-oil vapour, xxxviii. 8 
et seq. 

Illawarra coal district, vi. 29-30. 
Illing, C, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 21. 
Illinois coal, xxxv. abs. 32. 

— coal-field, xxv. abs. 156. 
Illuminating power of safety-lamps, xvii. 

61. 

Imperial Institute, meeting, xxxvi. 65. 

Import duties, iv. 287-288, 300 ; vi. 52, 
55, 108-111. 

Importation of coal, France, vi. 52-55, 59, 
61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 70, 84, 89-90. 

Imports, xxiii. 236, 239, 248, 249. 

— , iron, V. 40. 

Improved expansion-gearing for winding- 
engines, xxix. 3-6. 

— levelling staff, xxxv. 69. 

— safety-lamp, Hall, ii. 21. 

— transit, xxxvi. 153-154. 
Improvements, boring, ii. 57. 
- , boring-tools, xv. 286-287. 
— , colliery workings, ii. 21. 

— , mining machinery, Prussia, xxxii. 

abs. ^2. 
— , pumping- and hauling-engines, viii. 

39-41, 53-54, 64-65. 
— , shaft fittings, xv. 286-287. 
— , shot-firing, xxxvii. abs. 28-29. 
— , wire-rope ways, xxxviii. abs. 10. 
— , working, vii. 5-8. 
Impurities in salt, xiii. 21. 
Impurity of water in boilers, xviii. 109 

et seq. 
Inaugui'al addresses. Lord Armstrong, 

xxii. 39-57. 
, E. F. Boyd, xviii. 153-155 ; xix. 

41-56 ; XX. 219-222 ; xxi. 223-234. 

, Sir George Elliot, xviii. 19-35. 

, G. B. Forster, xxxi. 123-143. 

, T. E. Forster, xv. 283-292. 

-, G. C. Greenwell, xxviii. 197-208 ; 

XXX. 269-271. 

, John Marley, xxxviii. 29-46. 

, Nicholas Wood, i. 13-32 ; x. 3. 

Incandescent electric lamps, xxxiv. 39 

et seq. 

, in explosive gases, xxxvii. abs. 73. 

light, XXX. 15'0-i51. 

Ince Hall collieries, coal-cutting machine, 

xii. 50. 
, coal-washing apparatus, xv. 61 - 

66, and plate ix. ; xv. 127-129, 143. 

,compressed-air machinery.xxi.206. 

, endless-chain, xv. 92. 

, spontaneous combustion of coal, 

X. 180. 
. , wire-ropes, xv. 89. 



Inclination of borehf)les, instrument for 
ascertaining, xxix. 61-71, 189- 192 ; 
plates iii.-iv. 

Inclined grates, xix. 63 tt aeq. : plates 
XV. -xviii. 

— planes, xxxiii. 222-225, xxxv. abs. 64. 
, Anzin mines, xxvii. 174-175. 

— — , counter-balance, xx. 208 ; plate 
lix. 

, electric machinery on, xxxvii. abs. 

80. 
, safety-catches for, xxxvi. abs. 45 ; 

xxxvii. al)s. 30. 
,with intermediate landings, xxxviii. 

abs. 23. 
Inconvenience of varying weights and 

measures in Northern coal-field, xix. 

177-186. 
Incorporation of Institute, xxi. 72, 289- 

290 ; xxii. 2, 23 ; xxvi. 53-54. 

— — Mining College with Durham 
University, ix. 86, 87, 88, 89, 230, 
251. 

Increase in membership, xxiii. 1 16, 163. 

— of coal production, xxxii. 135-136. 
temperature in mountains, xxxi. 

abs. 44. 

ventilation, iv. 152-153, 155. 

India, artesian borings, xxxi. 48. 

— , coal, XXX. 3-24 ; plates i.-vii. ; xxxi. 

abs. 47-48 ; xxxii. abs. 3. 
-, — , analyses, xxxi. abs. 48 ; xxxiii. 

abs. 31 ; xxxiv. abs. 16, 17. 
— , coal, Kistna, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
— , coal-fields, xxxvii. abs. 49. 

— , , Daltonganj, xxxii. 149. 

— , , Umaria, xxxiii. abs. 31. 

— , coal-mining, central, xxxviii. 77-170 ; 

plates iv.-iv. his. 
— , coal-production, xxxii. abs. 3; xxxviii. 

158-159. 
— , economic geology, xxxiv. abs. 75-76. 
— , Factories Act, xxxviii. 113, 133. 
— , gold-fields, Mysore, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
— , iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. .30; xxxviii. 166. 
— , laterite, xxxii. abs. 1-2. 
— , limestone, xxxviii. 167. 
— , mineral resources, xxxiii. abs. 31. 
— , minerals, xxx\ni. abs. 48. 
— , overland route to, xxiv. 229-231. 

, petroleum, xxxvi. abs. 11. 
— , railways, coal consumption, etc., 

xxxviii. 157, 159-162; plate v. 
— , South Rewah, (iondwana basin, xxxi. 

abs. 47, 48. 

, wire tramways, xx. 217. 
Indian Bay, xix. 148, 149, 151. 

— Cove, coal-seam, xix. 155, 156 ; xxiv. 
179, 183, 193. 

Indiana coal-field, xxv. 156. 

Indiarubber, belts for coal-cleaning ap- 
paratus, xxvi. 140-141. 

— , eflusion of gases through, xv. 165 et 
seq. 

— , elasticity, viii. 7-8. 

7 



1)8 



GENERAL INDI X TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Iiidiurubbvr fur uuvuriiig wire, xxxiv. 'Iti- 

47. 

HpriiigH, fur Hftfuty eaguH, xx. MO. 
liidioator iliagrniiiH, xxiv. 115117: 

pliitvs xxx.xxxi. ; xxix. 4-^y ; pliite i. 
~, |iuni|>iiig-i'nginvH, xxi. 153; pliite 

xxxi. 

— ex(M;riineiit8, xviii. (50 'I ■<"/.; plates 
xiv.-xv. 

— -, Bridge pit, Wigan, xvii. n\>\y- i. 
1 '27 128. 

, Cinder Hill, xvii. app. i. 11(5. 

, ClifloM Hall, xvii. ajip. i. 91. 

, (jaiiiiuw, xvii. app. i. 74. 

, Haptoit valley, xvii. ai)p. i. (il-li'J, 
6«. 

— , Harraton, xvii. app. i. 37-38. 
, Memlow pit, Wigan, xvii. app. i. 

136. 
^ - , Murton, xvii. app. i. 4G-4.S. 

— , Rowley, xvii. app. i. 79-81, 84. 

- , Seahain, xvii. apj). i. 1(5-18. 

- , Seaton Delaval, xvii. app. i. *J6-28. 

— , Shireoaka, xvii. app. i. 101-102. 
, wire tramway, xx. 9-10. 

apringH, testing, xxx. 278-279 ; platu 

xlix. 
Indicators, for noxious gases, xxxviii. 

abs. G8. 
■ , distant, apparatusfor reading, xxxviii. 

72-73. 
— , tire and choke-damp, xv. 163, 165- 

173 : xvi. 2 3. 

, haulage-engines, xvi. 90-91, 118. 
- , Dumping-engines, xv. 21. 

— , Morison, xxix. 247. 

— , Ramsey and Cooke signal, .xix. 21- 

26, 98 ; plates vii.-viii. 
Indictable crimes, xxviii. 27-38. 
Indirect-acting pumping-engines, xv. 33, 

41. 
Indo-China, coals antl ores, xxxiii. abs. 

21. 
Industrial legislation, xxxii. abs. 11. 
Inferior limestone, road metal, xxxii. 50- 

51. 

— Oolite, XXXV. 108. 

, analyses of ores, xxx v. 146. 

— , iron-ores, xxxv. 124-139. 
Infilling of lodes, xxxi. 156, 157, 158-159. 
inHamniability of carburetted hydrogen, 

i. 256 tl .sffj. 

Intiammable gas, abstraction, from coal- 
mines, xix. 84-85. 

, detection of, xxvi. 133-137 ; plate 

XX. ; xxvii. 65-70, 287-294 ; plate 
xxxix. ; xxviii. 167-170 ; plate xxxiv. 
— , Derbyshire collieries, x. 125-1'_6 
139, 140, 143, 193-194. 
, Harton colliery, xi. 14, 15. 

Ingham, Kobt., (juoted, xvi. 237. 

Ingleby, vi. 188 ; vii. 95. 

— Greenhow, xiii. 128. 

— Manor mines, v. 20 i -202. 

— mines, xix. 198. 



Ingram stone, xxx. 123. 
Inman, Tennessee, xxxv. abs. 8. 

- (Sill iroM-Miines, xxxiv. 90, 93. 
InoeeramuH MiU;liellii. tii^ured, vi. 35; 

plate iv. 
Insects, foaail, xxxiv. abs. 17, 61, ()5. 
Insecurity of safety-lamps, xxiii. 15. 
Inspector of charities, (juoted, v. 25-26. 
Inspectors of mines, i. 2(53-265. 
— , elected iioiiorary members, iv. 

262-2(53; xvi. 130; xvii. 2. 
Inspection of boilers, xxviii. 247 et aeq. ; 

xxix. 26-35, 48 et s,q. ; 87 tt setj. ; 

xxx. 268-269. 

fiery minea, Belgium, xxxiv. 276. 

mines generally, xv. 56 ; xxxi. 28 ; 

xxxviii. 41. 
Institute, amalgamation with other 

In.stitutes, xviii. 29. 
— , buildings, report of committee, xx. 

113-115. 

, byelaws, alteration, xxxviii. 76a-76b, 

183-185. 
-, enlargement, xv. 3,77-80, 164-293. 
— , finances, xxv. 249-250 ; xxvi. 159. 

, formation, xviii. 20. 
— , — , meeting of colliery owners, etc., 

i. 1. 
— , history of establishment, xv. 54. 
— , honorary membership, xxv. 103, 

141-142. 
— , incorporation, xxi. 72, 289-290 ; xxii. 

2, 23 ; xxvi. 53-54. 

— , investment of funds, xxii. 134 ; xxiii. 
163. 

— , library, v. 4 ; xv. 77- 

— , mechanical engineers admitted, xv. 

77. 
— , progress, xxxviii. 220-221. 
— , proposed extension, xii. 35-37. 
— , — rules, i. 5. 
— , prosperity, v. 226 et seq. ; xiii. 217 ; 

xxxiii. 237. 
— , report of committee on formation, etc., 

i. 3. 
— , rules for membership, xxvi. 131. 
Institution of Civil Knginkebs, xviii. 

32-33 ; xxi. 26, 33, 41 ; xxxvi. 171- 

172 ; table, 192. 
In.stitition of Mechanical KNfJiNEKK.s, 

xxxvi. 172 ; table, xxxvi. 193. 
Instruments, experiments on air-currents, 

xxxviii. 205-206. 
— , tail-rope committee, xvi. 41. 
Insulation of wires, xxxiv. 44-45. 
Insurance of boilers, xxix. 24, 25, 87 

tt scq. 
Intake-air, temperature of, dip working.s, 

iv. 222-223. 

, — , rise workings, iv. 212-214. 

-, splitting, vii. 49. 

Integration of expression for law f)f 

cooling, iv. 182-184. 
Interchangeable bevel- wheels, xxi. 282. 
Intercolonial colliery, xix. 125. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



99 



Intermediate landings on inclines, 

xxxviii. abs. '23. 
Internal enuinations, xxiii. 7S, 7!>, OS. 

— friction of engines, xxxviii. abs. .'{(). 

— stress in cylindrical and spherical 
dams, xxxii. 201-213, 221-222. 

International communication by Flush- 
ing, xxiv. 217-233 ; plates xxxvii.- 
xxxviii. 

— Exhibition, London, 1862, xi. 1-4, 159. 
, — , observations on mineral section, 

xi. app. 3-11. 

— mines, xxiv. 201-202. 
Introduction of steam machinery, xxxiv. 

94, 103, 105-106. 
Intrusion of whin sill, xxvii, 73-86, 

297-303 ; plates v., xl. 
Intrusive granite, xxxi. 152, 153. 

— igneous rocks, xx. 146-149 ; xxxvi. 
103-104. 

— necks or bosses, xx. 148-149. 

— sheets, xx. 147-148. 

Inundated collieries, Tyne district, x. 

47, 50. 
Inversion of strata, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Inverted bridges of boiler furnaces, xviii. 

123 tit seq. 
Investment of Institute funds, xxii. 

134 ; xxiii. 163. 

Stephenson bequest, xi. 223 ; xii. 12. 

Invicta steamer, engines, xxxii. 13. 
Ireland, coal produce, etc., x. 66, 68. 
Ireland, — , quoted, xxxviii. 167- 
Ireleth boring, section, xxxi. 213-214. 
Iridium industry, xxxiv. abs. 29. 
Irish mail service, xxiv. 232-233. 
Irk locomotive explosion, xxxii. 194-195 ; 

plate xxvi. 
Iron, cold rolled, experiments, viii. 13-14. 
— , Alabama, xxxiii. abs. 65. 
— , Central America, xxxv. abs. 32. 
— , injurious action on, in upcast shafts, 

viii. 179. 
— , production, etc., 1870-1881, abs. 31, 

34. 
— , properties of, iv. 51-52. 
— , protecting varnish for, xi. 26. 
— , Russia, production, xxxiii. abs. 80. 
— , Tennessee, xxxv. abs. 8. 
— , Utah, xxxv. abs. 49. 
— , wrought, strength in compression, 

xxix. 179-186; xxx. 89; xxxii. 180; 

xxxiii. 63-65. 

— and silver, Mexico, xxxiv. abs. 25. 
steel, analyses, xxxii. abs. 10. 

— , manufacture, xxxv. 233 ; xxxviii. 

abs. 24. 
— , ships, xxxvi. 137. 

— , testing, xxxiv. abs. 13. 

Iron and Steel Institute, xxxvii. 156. 
Iron county, Utah, xxxv. abs. 49. 

— curbs or cribs, xxxv. abs. 53-54. 

— frames for projjping, Saarbriicken coal- 
field, xxvii. 187-188. 

— gravel, xxviii. 117- 



Iron industry, Derbysliire and Notting- 
hamshire, state of, X. 120-122. 

, South Stallordsliire, state of x 
25-27. 

— lined sliaft, Dudweiler, xxvii. 18?. 

— lode, Perran, Cornwall, xxvii. 131-140 ; 
plates xv.-xvii. 

- manufactvire, vi. 94-97 ; xii. 177 ; xiv. 

22-25 ; xxxiii. abs. 55. 
-, improvements, xxxvi. 148-149, 150. 

, Italy, xxxviii. abs. 24. 

, North of England, xiii. 109-155; 

xiv. 27-28. 
Iron-mines, v. 28, 33, 34 ; sections, 35. 

, Bilbao, xxxvi. abs. 48. 

, British, iv. 57. 

> France, Palmesalade, xxxiv. abs. 3.3. 

, Italy, xxxiii. abs. 26. 

and iron manufacture, Nova Scotia, 

xiv. 15-25, 91. 

— mining, Cumljerland and North 
Lancashire, xxxiv. 83-99. 

— — , Menominee, xxxviii. abs. 28. 

— mountain, Mexico, Duraiigo, xxxiv. 
abs. 57. 

Iron-ore districts, Bilbao, xxxiii. 213-235. 
Iron-ores, iv. 58-59, 63, 135, 137; x. IC9 ; 

XV. 69 ; xviii. 167, 168 ; xix. 107 ; xxi. 

255, 256, 257, 258 ; xxx 125. 

— —, Algeria, xxxiv. abs. 13. 

, analyses, xxxiv. abs. 21, 25, 33 ; 

xxxviii. 166. 

— — , Anita, Spain, xxxiii. 189. 

, annual production, xxi. 169, 179, 

189. 
, Antrim, xxx. 107-113, and plates 

xxiii. -xxvi. ; xxxi. 47. 

, Banat and Elba, xxxvii. abs. 36. 

, Bilbao, annual exports, xxxiii. 

230. 
, — , deposits, xxxviii. abs. 18, 25- 

26. 

, Biscay, xxxiii. abs. 36. 

, Central France, xxxvii. abs. 11-13. 

, China, xxxiii. abs. 27. 

, Colorado, xxxiv. abs. 26. 

, districts, iii. app. 8. 

, English secondary rocks, xxxv. 

103-157 ; plates x.-xxii. 
, Europe, origin, xxxiv. abs. 33. 

— — , France, secondary, xxv. 59-78 ; 
plates xxxix.-xl. 

— — , Lake Superior, xxxviii. abs. 28-29. 
, magnetic effect in mines, xx. 46, 

47. 

— — , Menominee range, xxxviii. abs. 
28, 31-32. 

; Mexico, xxxiii. abs. 49. 

, Michigan, xxxvii. abs. 74. 

, Mississippi, xxxvii. abs. 6. 

, New Caledonia, xxxvii. abs. 68. 

, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 71-89 ; plates 

viii.-x. 
, production, Cumberland and North 

Lancashire, xxxiv. 89, 91, 95, 97, 98-99. 



KtO 



OENEllAL IVDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Iron-on-a, l*yrencc«, xxxiii. iilis. .'10. 
^ , Kiiiici>', xxxiii. .ibs. 110. 

— , Tiiniho valley, xxxvii. aha. 

38. 
, U. S. A., eaatern Btates, xxxiv. abs. 

22. 

— , Virginia, xxxiii. al)8. 25, 61 ; xxxiv. 
abs. *J1. 

— , VV'arora, xxxviii. 105-1 68. 

anil mini's, xiv. 17-22. 

Iron pit props, xxvii. 5.S. 

product ion, xxxvi. 150-157 ; in 1858, 
viii. 109. 

, eHtiniateil annual, viii. 110, 127. 

Iron pyrites, iii. 64, 6") ; ix. 207 ; xii. 
204.-05 ; xiii. 223 ; xxv. 83 ; xxvii. 39. 
, annual production, xxi. 173, 183, 
193. 

— — , formation of, xxvii. 79. 

- rails, XV. 212, 213-214, 217, 223, 2J6 ; 
xxxvi. 132-1.S.3. 

- sands, xx\. (12, 63. 
' - scum, xiii. 136. 

- shaft timber, xxxi. abs. 27. 

- smelting, xxxi. 188-189 ; xxxiii. abs. 
72. 

- supports in main roads of mines, 
xxxxni. 135-143; plates xxx.-xxxii. 

— trade, iv. 85-87, 101. 

, West Cumberland, xxxiii. 126. 

— tubbing, XV. 214. 

— wagon ways, xxxiv. 109. 

1 ron wire, cause of loss of strength when 

heated, viii. 181. 

, etfect of heat, viii. 181-184. 

rojtes, xxxi. abs. 17-18, 19. 

, experiments, viii. 17, 179-180, 

182 183 
Ironstone', ii. 2.36-237, 238, 246 ; iii. 13, 

24 ; vi. 48 ; xi. 73 ; xix. 77, 78, 79, 

124, 1.30, 131; xxiii. 209, 211, 215; 

xxxii. app. 1. 

- , Cleveland, v. 165-221 ; vi. 7, 187. 

— , Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, x. 

1 19-120, 150. 
— , magnetic, Rosedale Abbey, vii. 85- 

94, 104 ; viii. 4-5 ; xiii. 143, 144 ; xix. 

193-200. 
— , metamor])hized, xxvi. 42. 
— , North of Kngland, x. 62. 



Ironstone, production, xxiv. 16; xxxii. 44. 
— . Roseilale Abla-y district, vi. 15-20, 

187-196 ; xxxii. 4*3. 
— , South Wales, analyses, xxiii. 208. 

— , Stairordshiro, x. 25, 120. 

-, underground conveyance, x. 25-35, 
37-39. 

— and accompanying strata, x. 9-11. 

— bands, sections, xi. 105, 107, 108, 110, 
111, 115. 

beds, Lincolnshire, xxiv. 23-33, 152, 
157-164 ; plates viii.-xi. 

— series, Lorraine, xxxiii. abs. 79. 
-shale, xxii. 116, 118; xxiv. 141. 
Ironwork in 18J7, xxxvi. 134. 
Ironworks, ii. 106; v. 166-169, 212-215; 

X. 58, 59, 74-75 ; xxviii. 42. 

— , Anzin, xxvii. 257. 

— , Biscay, xxxvi. abs. 49-51. 

— , Denain, xxvii. 257-263. 

-, North of England, v. 166-169. 

— , Sou til Wales, xxiii. 243. 

— , iSuHsex, xxiii. 185. 

— , '1 riibia, xxxiii. abs. 48. 

Irregularly - shaped hasmatite - deposits, 
xxviii. 130, figures, 155 ; xxxi. 222-. 
223, figures, 237. 

Ievis, Dr., singing safety-lamp, experi- 
ments, xxix. 119 ; plate xiv. 

Irvine burn, section, xi. 69. 

Isabella clay ironstone, xxviii. 5. 

— ironstone band, sections, xi. 105, 111. 
- pit, xxxiii. 126, 128, 135. 

IsHKRWooD, - , quoted, xxxviii. abs, 48. 
Island sandstone, xxxv. 175, 179. 
Istria, lignite, xxxiii. abs. 34 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 64. 
Italy, clay slates, xxxvii. abs. 11. 
— , coals, xxxiii. abs. 27-28 ; xxxiv. abs. 

63. 
— , copper, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
— , iron and steel manufacture, xxxviii. 

abs. 24. 
— , iron mines, xxxiii. abs. 26. 
— , lignites, xxxvii. abs. 37- 
— , Liguria, East, copper, xxxv. abs. 7. 
— , minciral oils, xxxiv. abs. 64. 
— , — production, xxxii. abs. 37. 
— , peat, xxxvii. abs. 15. 
— , quicksilver, xxxiv. abs. 52. 



Jablochkofk arc-lamp, xxxiv. 39. 
Jack, Kobt. L , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 44. 
Jack - Davy lamp, Ashworth and 

Woolrych, xxix. 145-147 ; plate xxii. 

— — , I'rotector, xxix. 147 ; plate xxii. 
Jack Fish lake gold lodes. Lake Superior, 

xxiv. 247-248. 
Jacketting of cylinders, xxii. 22, 32 

tl ■■stq. ; xxiv. 124-126 ; xxvi. 113, 114, 

IIH. 
Jackrolls, xxxiv. 94. 



Jackson, - , quoted, iii. app. 5. 
Jackson, Prof. — , quoted, xxxii abs. 

15. 
Jackson, C. G., quoted, xxix. 149. 
Jackson, J., ftdcraiion of miniwj 

intititutes. xxxvii. 158-159, 175. 
Jackson, Dr. J. C, quoted, xiv. -20. 
Jackson, Ralph Ward, quoted, x. 54, 

58. 
Jack.son, W. , endless-rope haulage, 

xxviii. 243-246 ; xxLx. 71. 



i 



VOLUxMES I. TO XXXVJII. 



Jackson & Co., London, quoted, xv. 124, 

139. 
Jacob coal-seam, section, xxviii. 57. 
jAC(iUEiviN, — , quoted, iii. 23. 
Jadraque, ISpaiu, xxxiv. abs. 31. 
Jagow coal-seam, section, xxviii. 64. 
Jaipurite, xxxii. abs. 1. 
James pit, xxviii. 127, 128, 132; plan, 

l.')5. 
Jamieson, John L. K., Cornish and other 

pumpiny-enyines, xix, 220. 
Jane pit, Eppleton, section, xxx. 171- 
174. 

, Newbottle, explosions, xv. 99, 144- 

145 ; plate xii. 
Janet, L., Cuvelier .safety-lamp, lock, 

xxxvi. 53-54. 
— , quoted, xxxv. abs. 9 ; xxxvii. abs. 54. 
Japan, earthquake observations, xxxvii. 

55, 56, 59, 60. 
Jakolimek, E., quoted, xxxii. abs. 56. 
— , hand-boring machine, xxxiii. abs. 74, 

94-95. 
Jarrow colliery, xv. 216, 246. 

, explosion, xvii. 58, 106. 

, fire-damp, i. 287-288, 336 ; xii. 190. 

— dock, XV. 251. 

— ironwoi'ks, v. 214. 

Jars, — , quoted, viii. Ill; ix.50; xii. 167. 

Jasper, Sardinia, xxxiv. 147, 148. 

Jausions, a., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 20. 

Java, eocene coal, xxxii. abs. 2. 

— , , analysis, xxxiii. abs. 13. 

— , underground temperature, xxxiv. abs. 
42. 

Javal, — , quoted, xxi. 10, 19. 

Jawcraig coal, analysis, xxix. 192. 

Jeffcock, p., death of, xvi. 130. 

Jefferson, J. Clark, automatic free- 
falling hydraulic-boring apparatus, 
xxix. 235-240; plate xlvi. ; xxx. 83- 
84, 86-87. 

Jeffrey air-feed drill, xxxviii. abs. 23. 

— electric coal-cutting machine, xxxviii. 
abs. 67-68. 

Jenkin, Prof., quoted, xxi. 44-45, 46. 
Jenkins, Wm., quoted, xii. 214. 
Jenkins, vii. 13 et seq. ; 36 et aeq. ; 

xvi. 109 tt seq. 
~, Dipton, ix. 21-23. 
— , Killingworth, ix. 24, 30 ef seq. 
— , Seaton Burn, ix. 27. 
— , Woodifield colliery, viii. 90 et seq. 
Jerks, boiling by, xxxii. 199 ; plate xxix 
Jervis, — , quoted, xxxiv. 148-150. 
Jesmond banquetting hall, xxi. 286. 
Jessopp, Wm., quoted, x. 121, 124. 
Jet, ii. 276, 277 ; v. 180. 

— , Rosedale Abbey district, xxxii. 52. 

— aianufacture, xxxi. 54-55. 

— mining, xxxi. 51-58, 205--06. 

— production, xxxi. 54. 

— seam, xxxvii. 6, 7. 

— shale, gas emitted from, xxxviii. 71- 
Jevons, Prof., quoted, xxxvii. 23. 



JiciNSKi, WiMfEi.M, quoted, xxxvlii. 

abs. 7. 
Jiggers, xxvii. 20. 
— for coal, Liilnig, xxix. 161-163; 

plates xxv.-xxvi. 
Jigging ores, xxx. 144-146 ; plates 

xxxiv. -xxxv. 
Jinjoi river, xxxii. 151. 
Joa.ssin-Mueseler safety-lamps, xxix. 

123, 124, 128 ; plates xv., xviii., xxi. 
JoBLiNo, T. M., quoted, xii. 176. 
JoBLiNG, Carr & Co., quoted, xi. 14.3. 
JocHAMS, — , quoted, x. 213 ; xvi. 63, 70 
Joggins colliery, xix. 115, 118, 121. 
Jogitand, xxx. 7, 12, 18 ; sections, 25. 
John, C. von, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 20. 
John pit, xxviii. 115. 

, Dearham, section, xxxii. 3,33-334. 

, Harrington, section, xxxii. 327 ; 

xxxiv. 132, 133. 
— — , Workington, section, xxxii. 327. 
Jmhnson, Henry, mode of working the 
thick or ten-yard coal. South Stafford- 
shire, X. 183-196. 
— , spontaneous combustion of coal, x. 197. 
•Johnson, H. and J., quoted, xxvii. 9. 
Johnson, I. C, cemeiU wallimj, ix. 68, 

69, 143-147, 149. 
— , destructive action of furnace gasea, 

xii. 25, 26. 
— , quoted, ix. 175. 
•Johnson, Major, quoted, ix. 207. 
Johnson, Mrs., quoted, ix. 1, 213. 
Johnson, Prof. — , quoted, v. 7. 
Johnson, Richd. S., feeding of colliery 

horses, xxxii. 114. 
Johnson, Walter, quoted, xxvii. 233. 
Johnson, Wm., Bur radon colliery ex- 
plosion, viii. 163. 
Johnson and Dixon, coal-cutting ma- 
chine, xix. 59, 61. 
Johnson and Routledge, safety-lamp, 

xxxiv. 183-190; plates xxxv. -xxx \i. 
Johnson and Watson, coal-cutting ma- 
chine, xiv. 126. 
Johnston self-acting boiler-alarm, iv. 40. 
JoiCEY, Jas., quoted, iii. app. 4. 
JoiCEY, Wm., quoted, xxx. 31. 
JoioEY, Messrs. — .quoted, xx. 119 e< 

seq. 
Joicey shaft, xxxi. 207- 
Joint meeting, 1872, xxi. 113, 157, 221- 

239. 
Joints, xix. 79; xxviii. Ill, 119, 123, 
124, 137, 150. 

— in basalt, xxvi. 123. 

— — iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 121, 123, 
131, 134, 136, 137, 144; sections, 145. 

JoNAssoiiN, D., quoted, i. 2. 

Jones, E. A., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 49. 

Jones, Grafton, coal-getting machine, 
xix. 239-243 ; plates xliv. xlv. 

Jones and Bidder coal-breaking ma- 
chine, xix. 11-14, 96-98; plates iv., 
xxiii.-xxiv. 



102 



GENEHAI, INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Jd.NhUs siifc-tylainp, xi. I.VJ Kil. 
— ailicuto eottun, xxxii. 'Xt it >'»/. 
•JoKUAN tirc-liarM, xviii. 4M ii sn/., 114 

ft Mflj. 

Juaeti ciMil-Sfuin, xxxv. iili«. *_'.'{. 
JossA. v., (|iuito<I, viii. I'JO. 

, 8tii()ko coiisiiiiit-r, xvii. OG it <<'/. 
JuiLK, Dk., quolctl, xxxvi. 130, 141, 143, 

14;-!. 
JoiKnv, K., (luoteil, xxxvi. aba. 36. 
•loWETf, Km.IS, liurradon rol/ien/ tx- 

pliktioit, viii. IM. 
.li'<'KK.s, tire hiirs, xvi. 40; xviii. 42 et sr/j., 

9J it SI /.: xxvii. 20() 207, 210 it ntq.; 

xxxviii. 223 it siq. 



JuCKts, revolviiig-furmifi', xviii. 52 it 

leg., 108 it siq. ; xxxviii. 22"i, 22(5. 

, sinoko-conamnor, xvii. 67 it .s*r/. 
• h'DK, I'uiiK. .1. \V., (luotcd, xxxv. 141)- 

iM, 1;-)!. 
Ju(li([UL', ('ape Hretoii, xxx. 5;"). 
Juliti iiiul Adehi inclined-planes, xxxiii. 

224-22r). 
Jumpers, xxxiii. 218. 
Junction iron-ores, xxv. 68. 
— of igneous rocks, xxx. 126. 
Jura.saic ores, xv. 64-67. 

strata, xxxvi. 38-:<«t, 40, 41. 
Jussey iron-ore, analysis, xxv. TTy. 
Justa, incline, xxxiii. 223. 



Kaadon-Konjotau tertiary beds, xxxiii. 

al)s. 17. 
Kaiii.k, p., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 71. 
Kaipinu;, Northern China, coal-mines, 

xxxvii. abs. 5. 
Kaitangata, coal-seams, xxxv. 204, 205- 

208. 

— , , analyses, xxxv. 207. 

Kaitangata Lakk Coal Co., xxxv. •J08. 
Kaitangata Railway anu Coal Co., 

xxxv. 20r>, 207, 208. 
Kaklietia copper-deposits, xxxv. abs. 10. 
Kali valley, coal, xxxviii. 158. 
Kallenberg coal-seam, xxviii. 22, 23 ; ' 

sections, 58, 65. 
Kamo, coal, analyses, xxxv. 180. 

colliery, xxxv. 180. 
Kamptiii group, xxxviii. 78, 79. 
Kanawha, Western Virginia, coal, xxxiii. 

abs. 2S. 
Kanieii coal, analyses, xxxv. 196. 
Kankar (iliooting limestone, xxxii. 153. 
Kaolin, Sweden, xxxiii. abs. 53. 
Kariiarbari beds, xxx. 7, 8, 12 ; sections, 

25 ; xxxviii. 89. 
Karlsburg, xxxv. 81. 
Karoo formation, xxxv. abs. 17- 
K.\s, A., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 24 ; xxxviii. 

abs. 63. 
Kawa-Kawa coal district, xxxv. 178-179. 
Kauri gum, xxxv. 179. 
Keadby, bridge over Trent, xxii. 65, 66. 
Kearslej', coal-seams, xv. 14. 
Keddell, J., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Keel, measurement, xix. 179, 182. 
Keelmen, xv. 181, 190, 191, 198, 206, 

226, 262. 
Keels, XV. 180-182, 186, 202, 215, 226, 

258. 
Keller, J., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 72. 
Kellner, W., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 51, 

6.S. 
Kelloe colliery, xv. 237. 
Kelsick or Kelswick moss, boring, xxxii. 

355 ; xxxiii. 129, 130. 
Kelton No. 1 vein, xxviii. 120. 



Kelung, coal-field, xxxiv. 69-70, 72. 
— , (Government colliery, xxxiv. 73-76. 
Kendall, J. D., carl)oniferou.s rocks of 

Cumberland and Furness, xxxiv. 125- 

136. 
— , Cumberland coal-field, xxxVn. 121, 137 

et seq. 
— , diamond rock-horimj, xxx. 103. 
— , hajmatite deposits of Furness, xxxi. 

211-237; xxxiii. 121. 
- , West Cumberland, xxviii. 

109-154, 226, 228, 230-234 ; xxx. 27-29, 

113-118. 
— , history of mining in Cumberland and 

north Lancashire, xxxiv. 83-124. 
— , iron-ores of Antrim, xxx. 107-113. 
— , English secondary rocks, 

xxxv. 105-157. 
— , structure of Cumberland coal-field, 

xxxii. 319 fd i^eq. 
Kkkrick, H., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Kentish Town boring, xxiii. 186. 
Kenton, Callerton, and Denton, coal- 
seams, xxxvii. 7. 
Kepier colliery, xiii. 78. 
Kepier Grange colliery, experiments for 

determining true meridian, iv. 121- 

122. 
Keppel explosive, analyses, xxxii. abs. 

16. 
Keps for pump spears, xii. 5. 
— for arresting cages, xxix. 229 et seq. 

, Frantz, xxxii. abs. 43. 

, hydraulic, Lens, xxvii. 278 ; 

plate xxxv. 

, Rosenkranz, xxxii. abs. 43. 

, Stauss, xxxvii. abs. 40-41. 

Kerr, Prof. W. C, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

24. 
Kes-SLER, L. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
Keswick copper- works, xxxiv. 100, 117- 

118. 
Keyham, experiments with steam-coal, 

xiv. 36, 47-65; plates iv.-lxiii ; xviii. 

37, 45, 90 tt seq. 
Khasia hills, coal, xxxiii. abs. 31. 



I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



10^ 



KhAtan or Khatun oil-regif)ii, xxxvi. 
aV)s. 11. 

— petroluuiii woUa, xxxviii. 159. 
Khantcriii, suction, vi. 31. 
Kliutri mines, xxxii. abs. 1. 
Klioilari, native hoe, xxx. 7. 
Khost Hills, coal, xxxviii. 158. 
Klmndiiia coal-seams, xxx. Hi, 15, 10, KS. 
, analyses, xxx. 15, 16. 

Kiang !Si province, xv. 67, 69, 70. 

Kibbles, xxxiv. 95, 118. 

Kibblesworth colliery, xiii. 74 ; section, 

75. ; XV. 239. 

, boiler explosion, iv. 42-44, 119. 

Kidney ore, xxviii. 125, 133, 147 ; 

figures, 155 ; xxxi. 226-228, 230, 

237. 
Kidwelly, xxiii. 243. 
Kielder district, section, xi. 111-112. 
Kilbourne coal-seam, x. 120. 
Kildale, xxxv. 116 ; section, 145. 
Kilgetty anthracite seam, xxxi. 178, 192. 

— vein, xxiii. 210. 
Killas beds, xxvii. 131. 
Killingworth colliery, ii. 1^77 ; viii. 37 

et seq.; xxii. 132 ; xxxvi. 206. 

, acidulated water, v. 21. 

, dip, xxxviii. 202. 

, fixed engine, iii. 290-292, 303-307 ; 

plan facing 318. 

, Fleuss apparatus, xxxi. 202. 

, haulage experiment, iii. 2o3. 

, pillar working, ix. 19, 24-27, 30 

et seq. ; plans facing 19, 24, 25. 

, rope friction experiments, iii. 285. 

, safety-lamp experiments, i. 310- 

315 ; diagrams, xii. 73-74. 

, scale in boilers, xi. 54. 

, spontaneous combustion, x. 181. 

— — , steam haulage experiments, v. 75- 

76, 107-108. 

— — , vaporization experiments, v. 93- 
97. 

, ventilation, i. plates v., viii., x., 

xi. 
, — experiments, i. 70, 94-96, 105, 

115-122, 129, 135, 143-147, 243. 
, water feeders, v. 158. 

— Moor colliery, xv. 213. 

— steamer, xii. 196. 

Kilmarnock and Hurlford coal-field, 

xxvii. 298. 
Kiln coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Kilns, xxvii. 132, 137. 
Kilsby tunnel, viii. 68. 
Kilton pit, xxxv. 114. 
Kimberley colliery, x. 150. 

— diamond deposits, xxxv. abs. 17. 

mines, xxxiii. abs. 41-42. 

Kimblesworth colliery, lightning, xxx. 

129-132 ; plate xxix. 
Kimmeridge clay, xxxv. 140, 143, 144, 

146; analysis, 156. 
Kimpoulu sulphur-springs, xxxiv. 69, 

70 



Kind-Chaudron boring system, ii, 60 e< 
Hnq., 99 et w.q.; x 199; xx. 187-202; 
plates liii.-lvii. ; xxi. 9-20; xxvii. 1.56, 
158; xxx. 45-46; xxxi. 138; xxxv. 
226. 

— , Nortiicrn Franco, xxvii. 255. 

KiNU, Pbok., quoted, xiii. 211. 

King, Clakenck, (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 61. 

King, T., quoted, xxxviii. 19.', 193. 

KlN(J, Wm., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 15. 

King detacliing-hook, xix. apj). i. 14-15; 
plate XV. ; xxix. 205-206 ; plate xxxvi. 

- safety -cage, xix. app. i. 9-10; jjlate 
viii. 

King and Humble detaching-hook, xxix. 

206-207; plate xxxvii. ; 213, 231. 
King's Sutton, Northants, xxxv. 123, 

146. 
Kingstown harbour, xxiv. 232. 
Kingswood collieries, x. 101 ; xxvii. 91, 

93-95 ; sections, and plan of workings, 

97. 

— seams, xxvii. 93-94. 

KiNNE, F. L., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 68. 

Kinneil ironworks, pumping-machinery, 
xxi. 159-160; plate xxxii. 

Kippax colliery, coal-cutting machine, 
xiv. 83-89, 115 at aeq. ; plate Ixxii. 

KiRBY, J. W., long wall workimj, xvi. 42. 

— , quoted, xii. 208; xiii. 174, 211; 
xxxiii. 165, 170. 

KiRKALUY, David, quoted, xviii. 13, 14 ; 
xxxii. 180 ; xxxiii. 63, 65 ; xxxviii. 
165. 

Kirkham ironstone, xxiv. 163. 

Kirkhouse colliery, xiii. 88. 

Kirkleatham, xxxv. 116. 

Kirkless Hall colliery, Broadbent safety- 
cage, xvi. 31. 

, coal- washing, xv. 63. 

Kirklevington, boring, x. 200 et seq., 
248 ; section, facing 199. 

KiRKLEY, Wm., Bin-radon colliery explo- 
sion, viii. 163. 

Kirkwhelpington, coal and limestone, xi. 
196. 

Kirtle water, section, xi. 86. 

KiRTLEY, Joseph, litjhtnimj in pit, 
Tanjield Moor, xxx. 32. 

Kirton Lindsey, xxiv. 25, 27. 

Kirving and nicking, xxxv. 99. 

Kistna, India, coal, xxxiii. abs. 30. 

KiTOHiN, A., quoted, xxxi. 236. 

Kitching's or Kitchin's deposit, xix. 198, 
200; xxxv. 128; plan and sections, 145. 

Kittling hill, xxvi. 127. 

Kitty's drift, xv. 210-211. 

Kitzbuhel ore-deposits, xxxi. abs. 37-38. 

Kivetou park colliery, coal-wedging 
machine, xix. 241. 

, scroll drum, xxi. 85 et stq. 

, spiral drum, xx. 215-216. 

Kladno mines, xxvii. 192-194. 

Klaiters, iv. 77. 

Klausenburg, xxxv. 81. 



104 



GENERAL IN 1)1. X TO TRANSACTIONS. 



KleiniiuiM.Hi-11, xxxv. Kd. 
Klfiiii<>.s.s«'lii cDlliory, xxxi. alw. '24. 
Ki.KiN.s«iiMii)T, Ij., i|UoU?il, xxxiv. al>.s. 

r>7. 

KlciMt Ni)lKiul<>if (Hill siiim. .scitioii, 
xxviii. U^{. 
Kl-KY vi'iitiluliiij,' fun, xxxvi. iib.s. 'JS. 
Ki.lMK safuly-ciitcli for cages, xxxviii. 

iih8. 10-17. 
KliKiuie oKul-Hori't'iis, xxxiii. iilis. 03. 
Ki,oiiT, F., pliininu'tor, xxxii. iilw. 74. 
K1.0SK, Dk., (jiiolcd, xxxii. al>s. GG ; 

xxxiii. al>M. 1 1. 
Km I'KKi., H., <iu<>tocl, xxxviii. abs. 41. 
Knausliolzooal HfHin, xxviii. '24 ; sections, 

56, Go. 
Knife, t«) rut ol'l tubing in Itorolioles, x. 

'20.'.'20;<. 
KnightluxHl refused l»y Stephenson, viii. 

73. 
Knipe, — , quoted, viii. 14!). 
Knoeknuuton, xxviii. Ill, 1"20. 
Knowles, Anuk., quoted, xiv. 91 ; xv. 

21. 
Knonvles, Lsraei,, safety-liook, xxix. 

'2U4-'20r), •21"2 ; plate xxxv. 
KxowLhX, John, Jinidcr chain-pump, 

XV. 136 et xtq. 
— , coa/-irn<hhiii apparatu.'i, xv. 143. 
— , dirtcl-actiiitj tnyiiie, Tolnl^ley, xv. 

140 et .'<eq. 
— , — pumping and winding-engines, 

XV. 19-'27, 3U, 41-4-2. 
— , \S'i2, joint mutiiKj, xxi. 249. 
— , miiin-(t/ oil as a Inhrirant, xxi. 294. 
— , quoted, xiv. 109 ; xix. app. i. 2, 4, 5. 
— , safety -cnijeK, vi. 235 ; xv. 1 1 8. 
— , tail -ropes, xv. 91, 144. 
Knowlks lubricator, xxv. 218. 
KoBAi.n, I'rof., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 54. 
KiiURicK, , quoted, xxix. '236 ; xxx. 

8(5, 87. 
Koch, Dr. Gust., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

108. 
koel river, xxxii. 149, 150. 
K<KNEN, vox, quoted, xxxiv. al)s. 67. 
Kfrnig, Wellesweiler colliery, xxviii. 54. 
KoEPE counterbalancing sj'stem, xxvii. 

196-197 ; plate xxiii. ; xxxii. abs. 43. 
KoiiN, — , utUizalian of blast-furnace 
gases, xx. 167. 



Kokerin valley, xxxiii. abs. 87. 
Km, I, MANN, iMi., (pioted, xxxii. abs. GO. 
Kiinigin Luiwe mines, xxvii. 190. 
Konig pit, Ncunkirclien, experiments 
with coal-dust, xxxiv. H»9-'254, '297-308; 
plate xxxviii. 
Konigsgndje Silesia, xxvii. 191-192. 
K6RNER safety-lamp, xxxii. abs. 44. 
Kor.ps river, xxxv. Hi, 82, 88. 
KoHTiNtJ water-jet elevator, xxxiii. 

abs. 97. 
Koslow valley, iii. 61, 64, 65. 
Ko.sMAN, Dr., safety-cartridge, xxxvi. 

abs. 25. 
KcsMANN, Du. I{., (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 

96 ; xxxvii. abs. 21. 
Koss .seam, xix. 141, 144. 
KossuTir, F. DK, (juoted, xxxii. abs. 39. 
Kota-Maleri group, xxxviii. 79. 
KoT/ safetydamp, experiments, xxxv. 

32-35 ; plate v. 
Kreus explosive, xx. 221-222. 
Kreisciier, Prof., quoted, xxix. 159 ; 

xxxv. 3. 
KrcMtzberg, near Forbach, boring, ii. 65- 

66. 
Kreuzgriiben colliery, coal-dust explosion, 

xxxvii. abs. 79. 
Krom air-jig, xxxvi. abs. 21. 
Kronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm colliery, 

xxviii. 44 ; sections, 56, 65. 
Kri'I'I' & Co., quoted, xxvii. 196 et seq. 
— , process of steel manufacture, xxxii. 

abs. 34. 
Krzizanowitz, Moravia, xxxv. abs. 14. 
Kugelmassen, xxxv. 85. 
Kulm measures, xxxv, abs. 30. 
K>'imand coal-seams, xxxii. 151. 
Kunker nodules, xxxviii. 80. 
Ki'NZ, Geo. F., quoted, xxxv. abs. 24. 
KrrELwiE.SER, Prof., quoted, xxxiii. 

abs. i55. 
Kurimrballee coal-field, xxx. 7 et seq.; 

sections, *25. 
Kurtz, Dr. — , quoted, xi. 165. 
Kussinsk mine, Urals, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
KrsTA, J., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 61. 
Kutai.s, Caucasus, xxxvii. 89 et seq. 
KwoNG Yung Kwang, quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 5, 23. 
Kyloe hills, xxvii. 301, 302. 



L. 



L'Agrappe collieries, Belgium, xxvii, 

179-181. 
La (irand' Combe, chronology of beds, 

xxxvi. abs. 10. 
La Grande Faille, xxvii. 146, 147. 
La Marmora, Gex., quoted, xxxiv. 148, 

I5'2, 155. 
La Peronniere colliery, xxxi. abs. 10-11. 
La Salve incline, xxxiii. 224 ; diagram, 

224. 



La Salve railway, xxxiii. 228. 

La Touche, T. D., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

31 ; xxxiv. abs. 16, 18. 
La Voulte mine, section, xxv. 78. 
Labour, haulage, cost, xvii. app. i. 172- 

174. 
— , system in longwall working, xxv. 

'251-252 et seq. 
— , Warora colliery, xxxviii. 113 et seq. 
Labour-saving machinery, xxii. 45-46, 52. 



Volumes i. to xxxviit. 



lOf) 



Lackawanna coal-field, map, xiii. 25 ; 

sections, 26. 
Laily coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— lsa)>olla pit, Klemore, section, xxx. 
164- 1 U5. 

— Lee, near Worksop, boring, x. 152. 
Ladyshore colliery, Owen safety-cage, 

xix. app. i. 5. 

, steana-brake, xix. app. i. 17. 

Laffin's coal-seam, xxiv. 194. 

Lafitte, — , quoted, xxxv. abs. 31. 

Laokene, H. de, quoted, xxxiii. al)s. 3. 

Lake, Dean, College of Science, inaugura- 
tion, xxi. app. iii. pp. ix.-xxii. 

— , —, joint me.i.tliKj, xxi. 235-238. 

Lake, supposed. Team valley, xiv. 2, 3. 

— collieries, v. 137- 

— Macquarie, vi. 47, 48. 

— Superior, iron-mining near, xxxviii. 
abs. 28-29. 

, mining districts, northern shore, 

xxiv. 237-249 ; plates xxxix.-xl. 

, — industries, xxxvii. abs. 8-9. 

, — region, boring, xxxi. 42. 

, Silver Islet mine, gas, xxxviii. 65. 

— Ullswater, Newcastle and district 
water supply, xxiv. 49-60 ; plate xiii. 

Lalle, concession, v. 37. 

Lallemand, Chas., quoted, xxxii. abs. 

29 ; xxxiii. abs. 67. 
Lallemant, G. a., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

8. 
Lamagere shot-firing system, xxxvii. 

abs. 72. 
Lambert, Guillaume., new coal-basin, 

— Dutch Limburg, xxvi. 15-25 ; plates 
iv.-vi. 

Lambton colliery, boilers, xi. 208. 

, Juckes firebars, xviii. 42. 

, plant, xxxvi. 215. 

, pumping-engine, xxi. 91, 95. 

Lambs, — , quoted, iii. app. 2. 
Lamesley boring, section, xiii. 74. 
Lamp for burning in any atmosphere, 

xxxi. 200-201 ; plate xxxvi. 
Lampblack furnaces, explosions, xxxvi. 

abs. 13. 
Lampen and Theedam lubricator, xxv. 

218-219 ; plate Ixii. 
Lamplugh, xxxiv. 127, 129-131; sections, 

136. 
Lamps, electric, xxxiv. 25 et seq. 
— , in mines, xxx. 23. 
— , Warora, xxxviii. 119 120. 
Lanarkshire district, xx. 135, 141-142, 

149. 
Lancashire, blasting, xxvi. 101. 
— , blown-out shots, xxv. 239-240. 
— , coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 100-101, 107. 

— , , leading features, xv. 13-17. 

— , longwall system, xvi. 107, 108. 

— , north, history of mining, xxxiv. 

83-124. 
— , — ■, carboniferous rocks, xxxiv. 125-137; 

plates xiii. -xviii. 



IIJ. 



59. 



Lancashire boilers, xviii. 121 i:l ntq. ; xx. 

b'lcJ.ni'Ji. ; xxiv. 126; xxviii. 252; xxx. 

74-75; plates xviii.-xx. ; xxxviii. 227. 
, explosions, xxix. 36, 37, 42, 94 1 1 

xi'f/. ; plate ix. 
Lancaster, H. S., (juoled, xxxvi. 105 

106, 109-111, 113, 116. 
Lancaster, J., quoted, xxxviii. 32. 
Lancaster, Joshua, coal-imx.'<hiiiij (i/ij>n- 

ratus, XV. 63 et aeq. 
— , direct-actinij jnmijjiiuj and nnndinij- 

tiKjines, XV. 27 et .seq., 37, 38. 
-, Lauca.'ihire coal-jitid, xv. 17. 
— , Manchester, 18G5 meitiiuj, xiv. 
-, safety -caijun, xv. 115, 117. 

, tail-ropiix, XV. 89 ci siq. 
Lancaster and Preston railway, ij 
Land valuators, xxi. 243. 
Landale, Anur., coal -cut tinij macltineft, 

xiv. 120 et mq. 
— , endless-chain and tail-ropes committee, 

xiv. 115. 
— , safety-cages, x. 94. 
Landore, Siemens steel, strength, xxix. 

216. 
— ; — steelworks, xxiii. 246-247. 
Landrivon, M., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 58. 
Lane Fox incandescent lamp, xxxiv. 42. 
Langdale, Andr., direct-actinij })umpin(j 

and inindiiig-eiiyiiies, xv. 37, 38. 
Langdale furnace, xxxiv. 88. 
Langholm, boulders, xi. 85. 
— , section, xi. 64. 
Langhorn iron-mines, xxxiv. 87, 92. 

— limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 126, 127, 
129, 130 ; sections, 155 ; xxxiv. 126, 
128 ; sections, 136. 

Langley, Brandon colliery, Guibal fan, 
xxvi. 167. 

— Barony lead-mines, excursion, xxxi. 
207. 

- Park colliery, coal-screen, xxvi. 142. 
Langrin coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Lai'Ierre, E., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 109. 
Laporte, Henry, geological sketcli of 

northern coal-field, France, xxvii. 143- 

170. 
Larch timber, tested, xxxvii. 228, 230, 

235-239. 
Lard oil, cost, xxi. 291. 
Lardner, Dr., quoted, xxxvi. 136, 144, 

145, 146. 
Large coal, j'ield favoured by longwall 

system, xxi. 109-110. 
' coals, longue fianime, iv. 297. 
Larsson, Per, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 28. 
Last lifts, danger of, vii. 22-23. 
Lateral secretion theory, xxxv. abs. .3. 
Laterite-ores, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
i^AUER, J. VON, friction-nuitch system of 

shot-ignition, xxxvii. abs. 46. 
Laur, F. , quoted, xxxii. abs. 84 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 72. 
Laurent, Francois, Lemielle system of 

ventilation, vi. 129-134. 



106 



OENEIUL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Laurent, h'KANCois, (luoU-.l, xxxv. ivbs. 

3-2. 
— , veiitiliitioii of iiiiiiu8, vi. *2I, 1-7. 
I^iuifiitiim riK^kH, xxiv. 'JIW. 
l.\t'UI(lI., J., ijllntod, xxxvi. uliM. 12. 
Laitk, W , tiiiKlotl, xxxii. ah.s. ().">. 
LrfiviM, tumlysf.s, xxxiv. ir>.'{. 
Lavkku'K, "Roht., quDtod, xxxiii. IT), 17, 

18. 
Law of cooling, imtural, iv. ir»9 it xeq., 

I8'2 1S4. 
— Buil.s, loitl trailf, rcconl of, xv. 2(»(j. 
LawkkncK \l.,riir<i)iiljiirs.iiiiijiiliichiiin!/, 

Hi/hojH , xxi. 81. 
— , «i;-»v.*s(/j» in itumphiy-eiuiiiuuH, xxi. 

ir)4-l;V) if seq. 
-, /l/>iiirhe( Hystem nf raining coal, xxiii. 

90-91. 
— , hnil^r expiations, xxxii. 218. 
-, Hnniett roller. mininij weilije, xxxv. 

99 IK). 
-, (liiiiger of sjnirks from prickers and 

stemniers, xxxiii. 3 it stq., 61-62. 
— , ilifft^rtntiit/ txpan-fict puminuij-tnijint, 

xxiii. 8-9, 11. 

, irinwmical n'orkinq of hoi/ern in 

colliirie-H, xxxviii. 225-226, 227. 
-, tlectric-laui})-^, xxxiv. 62. 
-, expanjiion applitd to wimling-engiiies, 

XXV. 209-210. 
— , exji/osion of air-receiver, Ryhope, 

xxxvii. 213-214. 
—,ftediug of colliery horse-f, x\x\i. 112- 

113. 
— , Fnir/er hydraulic winding-gear, xxiii. 

39-40, 41. 
— , Qowrie miixM, Cape Breton, xxvi. 60 

et seq. 
—, iiuihal vent dating fan, xxxi. 241. 
— , Hamvell mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 

59. 
— , iron supports in main roads of mines, 

xxxvii. 142. 
— , marine-hoilers, xxvii. 10-11, 12. 
— , marine-engines, xxiv. 2r)8-259, 200. 
— , mechanical-stoking, xviii. 94 ; xxvii. 

210--'ll. 
— , Rigg and Meiklejohn coal-cutting 

machine, xxviii. 80, 192-194. 
— , safety. hooks, xxix. 215-217, 231. 
— , steam-hoilers, xx. 61-62, 123-124 et 

seq.; plate xxxva. 
— , transmission of poicer by steam, xxxv. 

162 ; xxxvi. 27-28, 29. 
— , irater sn^Jjily, xxviii. 180. 
Lawrence colliery, xix. 117, 118, 121. 
Lawrik, J. G. , quoted, xxviii. 251. 
Lawriston (juarry, section, xi. 69. 
Laws, , quoted, iii. app. 2. 
Laws, H., inclination of boreholes, xxix. 

70-71. 
Laws, Wm., quoted, xxix. 184. 
Laws, W. G., federation of mining insti- 

tuteji, xxxvi. 200. 
— , shrinkage of paper, xxxiv. 181. 



[.Awa of ventilation, vi. 165-168. 

— — — , pliy.sical, iii. 74 et seq. 
Law.son, .IdiiN, quoU'd, xxxii. 75. 
l.awsoM Main pit, lightning in, xxx. 30. 

mine, xxxi. 159. 
LawHuit.s, XV. 266-270 ; xviii. 173. 
Lavcock, Jos., quoted, iv. 89. 
Laying dust in mineu, xxxvi. 99-102 ; 

plate XV. 

-, use of salt for, xxxi. 145-ir)^ 

Lazy - tongs. Kind - Chaudron boring 

system, xxi. 14, 16. 
Lk C!iiatei,ikr, , quoted, xxxvi. al)». 

13. 
Le Contk, I'koi'. Jos., (juoted, xxxiii. 

53, 54. 
Le Verriek, , copper extraction, 

xxxvii. abs. 70. 
Lea and Hunt, coke, viii. 119. 
Leach, C. C, shrinkage of paper, xxxiv. 

175-180 ; plates xxv. -xxxiv. ; xxxv. 44- 

47. 
— , Sirete electric safetif-lnmp, xxxviii. 18. 
Lead, iv. 63. 64, 91, 94 ; xxxii. 52. 

— and copper-mining, C'umberland and 
North Lancashire, xxxiv. 116-124. 

— measures, xiii. 187-188. 

— mine, Newcastle exhibition, xxxvi. 
223. 

— mines, xi. 103, 104. 

, Bleiberg, xxxiii. abs. 76. 

, Uerbysliire, gas, xxxviii. 59, 67, 69. 

, exhaustion, xiv. 45. 

, Stonecroft and Greyside, xxvii. 

15-22. 

— mining districts, North of England, 
xiii. 187-199 ; xiv. 9-14. 

, , geological map, xviii. 

plate xiii. 

— ore, Rosedale Abbey district, xxxii. 53. 

— ores, xxi. 255-258 ; xxiv. 242-248 ; 
xxv. 83, 89-91 ; xxvii. 137-139. 

, argentiferous, Sardinia, xxxvii. abs. 

— production, xxi. 172, 182, 192; xxvii. 
21 ; xxxii. abs. 62 ; xxxiv. 123, 124. 

— smelting, Peru, xxxviii. abs. 11-12. 
, South Wales, xxiii. 248-249. 

— veins, xxvii. 17-18, 19. 

— works, xxiv. 50-51. 

, PuertoUano, xxxiii. abs. 46. 

Leadbitter shaft, section, xxv. 78 ; xxxi. 

207. 
Leaders, xix. 81 ; xxviii. 119. 
Leading coals, cost, xvii. app. i. 5-6, 

22, 31, 40, 52-53, 64-65, 70, 75, 76, 81- 

82, 86, 92, 104, 116, 132- 133^ 137-138. 
Leadville ore-deposits, xxxiii. abs. 104 

105 ; xxxv. abs. 7. 
Leaia, xxviii. 16, 17. 
Lean, — , quoted, xvii. 22 et seq. 
Leases, xviii. 173 ; xix. 164-165. 
— , mining, ii. 239. 
— , coal-mines, xv. 178 el seq. 
Leather buckets, xii. .39. 



4- 

I 



Volumes i. to xxxviii. 



107 



Leaton, Jno., quoted, xxxviii. 190. 
Lebach strata, xxviii. !.'>, 65. 
Lkhacqz, p., ((uotod, xxxiii. abs. 10(). 
Leblanc and Loiseau safcty-goar, 

xxxiii. abs. 3. 
Lebouk, Pkof. (!. A., (i/lcra/ions in hi/c- 

laioii, xxxviii. 76a, 76b, 185. 
— , Amtrican coal and, oi/.-re<iio)is, xxv. 

168, 169-170, 174, 175. 
— , Aiitrim iron-oren, xxxi. 47. 
— , appointed secretary, xxxvii. 130-1.31. 
— , breccia gashes and earth shakes, 

xxxiii. 165-174, 176-177, 183; xxxiv. 

167,171. 
— , claii.siJication. of carhonifcroii.'i strata, 

xxv. 237 ; xxvi! 48-50, 51, .52. 
— , coal-measures, Catalonia, Spain, 

xxxvi. 3;i-41, 117-121. 
— , coal -milling, New Zealand, xxxv. 

218-219. 

— , , North Formosa, xxxiv. 77. 

— , cohaline, xxxv. 67. 
— , conference of delegates of correspond- 
ing societies, British Association 1886 

meeting, xxxvi. 61-63. 
— , correlation of coal-seams of Northern 

England, xxxvii. 22, 23, 127-128. 
— . diamond rocJc-boring apjHvratus, xxx. 

84, 85 et stq. ; xxxi. 45. 
— , earth tremors, xxxiv. 167, 171-172 ; 

xxxvii. 64-66, 67, 112. 
— , electric lamps, xxxiv. 63. 
— , federation of mining institutes, xxxvii. 

157-158 ; xxxviii. 47, 76, 7Sa. 
— , fire-damp explosions, Pennsylvania, 

xxxi. 91, 204-205. 
— , fonr-dusl explosions, xxix. 20. 

— fossils. North Formosa, note, xxxiv. 
81-82. 

— , France, northern coal-field, xxvii. 162. 

— , gas, metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 72. 

— , geological relations of secondaiy iron- 
ores, France, xxv. 59-78; plates xxxix.- 
xl. 

— , geology, Redesdale ironstone district, 
xxii. HI, 128 ; xxiii. 41, 42, 43-44. 

— , great fault at Annstead, xxxiii. 69- 
80. 

— , Harkess rocks, near Bambui'gh, xxvi. 
121-128; plates xviii.-xix. 

— , improved seismoscope, xxxvii. 112. 

• — , inclination of boreholes, xxix. 190, 
191. 

— , intriiMon of whin sill, xxvii. 79-SO, 83- 
84, 299-300. 

— , jet mining, xxxi. 57, 58, 206. 

— , larger divisions of cai"boniferous 
system, Northumberland, xxv. 225- 
234 ; plate Ixx. ; xxvi. 48-52. 

— , light mineral oils, xxxviii. 9-10. 

— , LimJyurg coal-field, xxvi. 25, 26, 27. 

— , limestones, South Northumberland, 
xxiv. 133-145 ; xxv. 46-48, 52-,56, .57. 

— , little limestone. South Northumber- 
land, xxiv. 73-80, 82-83 ; xxv. 46-58. 



Leboor, Prof. (i. A., mnnganefiewe, 

Merionethshire, xxxvi. 116, 117. 

, inirh'nuriil cffixts if lildirn.-oul. shots on 

vcntiliiliiin, xxvi. 103, 107. 
— , minera firestone, xxiv. 1.5.5. 

, mineral resouices Ijctween itotidjiiry 

and Wooler, xxx. 121-126, 127 ; xxxi. 

203-204. 
— , mining, Saurbriicken, xxviii. 65, 66, 

67. 

— , natural pits, Belgium, xxiii. 77, 102, 
105, 106. 

— , , Hainaut, xxiii. 95-102. 

— , Newcastle water supply, xxiv. 94. 
, non-conducting covering for steam- 
pipes, xxxi. 84 ; xxxii. 176. 

— , Northumberland limestones, xxiv. 147, 
148, 149-150. 

— , Noi^a Scotia, gypsum, xxx. 67, 68. 

— , Pennsylvania, coal-measures, xxvi. 
29.30, 31, 43-44. 

— , pock-et -level, xxvii. 128-129. 

— , present state of knowledge of under- 
ground temperature, xxxi. 59-71, 72-73. 

— , pyrites deposits, Huelva, xxxvii. 49- 
50. 

— , quoted, xxvii. 16; xxxvii. 10; xxxviiL 
39. 

— , rapid deternmiation of specif c 
gravities, xxxvi. 97. 
--, rock sections, San Pietro, xxxiv. 160. 
, Russian coal-fields, xxiv. 150. 

— , sections of carboniferous limestone 
series, Northumberland, xxviii. 3-7. 

— , shrinkage of paper, xxxv. 44-45. 

— , South Wales anthracite, xxxi. 193-194, 
195. 

— , thunderbolts, xxxiii. 88. 

— , Tkiboulli coal-feld, xxxvii. 99. 

— , Transylvania, gold-mining, xxxv. 93. 
— , underground temperature, St. 

Gothard tunnel, xxxiii. 19-34. 
— , variations in faulting of coal, xxxviii. 

54-55. 
— , West Cumberland hematite, xxviii. 

228-229 ; xxx. 29-30, 115-116, 118. 
— , uunning of high main coal, Oosforth, 

xxxviii. 203. 
Lebbeton, F., quoted, xxxv. abs. 33, 70. 
Lechner, F. M., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 6. 
Leclanchk batteries, xix. 16 ; xxiv. 

165-166, 167. 
Leconfield's Wyndham pit, xxviii. 114, 

130. 
Lee, Geo., endless chain, Spain, xxxiii. 

187-211 ; plates xvi.-xix. ; xxxvii. 81- 

85 ; plate xx. 
Lee, T. , quoted, xix. app. i. 9. 
Leeds 1875 meeting, xxv. 11. 

— ventilator, xxvi. 156. 
Leffell turbine, xxxi. 166. 
Legacies, viii. 81. 
Legion of honour, ix. 58. 

Legband, Ach. , chair sleepers, xvii. 32 ; 
plate iv. 



lOs 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTION'S. 



Lbokani), Lodu, (iiiutud, xxxi. iiks. 15. 
LEiaiN niiiltitubiUHi-boiltir, viii. 65. 
IatIiuiim, iv. ll-'S. 

liuliigli, I'.S.A., Siiiiiiiiil iiiiiitis soclioii, 
XXV. I7t». 

— c.ml, iv. i:{0. 

Leiiiics, 1)k. a., (juotttl, XXXV. aha. 2G. 

[..oicestersliu't.', coal working at Moira, 
X. 101 ; xxxii. IHI IIK), '2'2l. 

l,Krrii.\KT, Jno., »iiU)to(l, xxviii. '2'J7. 

LKMAlRK-lKirciivgas-iiulicator, xxvi. liU. 

Lemikm.k viiitiliitor, xvi. .SO, 50 (/<»</., 
57 ■><•") ; plate xvi. ; xviii. 57-61, ();{-09, 
l.SOl.Sl, i:« </ sfr/., i;W.H7 ; lilatea 
vii.-xv. ; xix. '-M, IS, 19, '2'26-2-.i7 <'( 
•oi/. ; plate xlii. ; xxvi. 16*2 t7 fii/. ; 
xxvii. 109, 110-111 ; xxx. 274 ; plato 1. 

, Aiiiolie, xxvii. '257- 

for vunlilation of mines, vi. *21. 127, 

129-134, 234 ; plates facing 128, 134. 

Lkmikre, -, coal-washer, xxxvii. abs. 
7<». 

Leniington ironworks, v. 166 ; xiii. 12it, 
124. 

Lengtlis of boilers, advisable, xviii. 124. 

— — dame, ooal-dust experiments, xxxiv. 
206 e( xe.il. 

stalls, xxi. 7-8. 

tunnels, bridges, and canals, xxxv. 

229. 
Lens, Reumaux coal-cleaning system, 

xxvi. 139-142; plate xxi. 
Lens Collieky Company, xxvii. 158-159. 
Lens collieries, xxvii. 276-278 ; plate 

xxxv.; xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Leo, Emil, quoted, xxiv. 5, 7. 
Leon, cobalt and copper-ores, xxxiii. abs. 

36. 
Leopold coal-seam, section, xxviii. 57. 
Lepidodendron, xi. 172. 
LEJ'Sirs, G. R., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 65. 
Les Combles coal-seam, xxvii. 149. 
Leslik, Frof. — , quoted, x. 239. 
Leslie coal-seam, section, xxx. 25. 
Lesley, Prof. — , quoted, xix. 140, 145 ; 

xxiv. 174, 175, 177, 189. 
Lesoinne ventilator, xvi. 60 et seij.; xix. 

227, 229. 
Lesqueredx, Prof. Leo, quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 89. 
Lesseps, F. de, Suez canal, viii. 79. 
Letheby, Dr. , quoted, xxiii. 55. 
Letoret ventilator, xix. 227. 
Letilinghem coal-seam, xxvii. 149. 
Levant du Flenu, Belgium, Guibal and 

Lemielle fans, xix. 228-229. 
Level, Lebour pocket, xxvii. 129-130. 
Levelling in mines, xx. 33tf xfj., 73-79, 

101 ; plates xxxi. -xxxii. 

— instrument, Wagner, xxxii. abs. 74. 

— staff for underground work, Liusley, 
xxxv. 69. 

— underground, instrument for, xxvii. 
3-8, 128-129; plates i.-ii. 

Levels, xviii. 174, 177-178. 



Levels, list of, ii. 282. 

Lever, Ki.i.is, l.tiniilli n ntihitor, xvi. 30. 

, quoted, xxxiv. 189, 295-296. 
Lever clutch lamp, xxxiv. 35-36; platu 

viii. 
Lever ojlliery, puiiiping-engiue, xv.22,23. 

— pendulum countei-lialance, xx. 207- 
208 ; plate Iviii. 

Lk Veuhikr, , quoted, xxxvii. aba. 70. 
Levets hydraulic wedge, xxxii. abs. 42. ; 

xxxiii. abs. 91-92. 
Levitt, Aim., IjunilhUI collii ry exploxion, 

y. 241. 
Levy, Paul, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
Lewis, Henry, longwall working, 

Annesle}' colliery, Nottingliamshire, 

xxi. 3-8; plates i.-iii. ; xxi. 104-105 << 

sii/. ; plates xxv.-xxvi. 
Lewis, L. T., <li<tiii<ni(l drUI, xxiii. 192. 
Lewis, Sir Geo. Cornewall, quoted, 

viii. 21; ix. 87, 229. 
Lewis, Sir Wm. Thos., fire-damp 

indicator, xxxvi. 73-76 ; plate xii. 
— , quoted, xxxiv. 245. 
Lewis Burn coal-seams, sections, xi. 105, 

112. 
Lewisburn coal, xxxvii. 12. 
Leycett colliery, xxxi. 146. 

— — explosion, xxix. 143, 154. 
Lias, Cumberland, xi. 195. 

Liassic ironstone, xiii. 114-117, 126-134. 

— ores, XXV. 67-70. 

Library, v. 4 ; xv. 77; xx. 1 ; xxxviii. 

42. 
Licenses to dig for coal, xv. 177, 179, 

180, 182. 
Lickbauk, coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 

329, 330, 335, 337, 350; xxxiii. 123, 

128, 138, 139. 
Licker coal, ix. 203. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 

— main coal, xxxvii. 13, 18. 
Liddel river, section, xi. 83 ; map, 85. 
Liddell, — , quoted, iii. app. 6. 
Liddell, — , workiwj and ventilation of 

coal-viine-'<, vii. 41. 
LiuuELL, G. H., Cumberland coaJ -field, 

xxxii. .359-360. 
— , Whitehaven collieries, xxxii. 363-366. 
Liddell J. M., gas in metalliferous 

ininex, xxxviii. 12. 
— , gold-fields of De Kaap valley, xxxviii. 

171-175 ; plates ix.-x. 
Liddell, John R., finance committee, ix. 

>2. 

— , , rejjort, ix. 65-67. 

— , transmission of power by steam, 

xxxv. 159-161 ; plate xxiii. 
Liddell, M., coal production, v. 12. 
— , quoted, ix. 49, 50. 
Liddell, Sir Thos., quoted, xv. 49. 
Lie and character of strata, viii. 143, 144, 

155-157, 160. 

— of coal-measures, xi. 101-103; xxxii. 
321-322, 353-354. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



109 



Lie of strata, vi. 10, 11, 12,29-33, 188-191, 

192, 193, 194, 19.'), 19(5; viii. 25; xiv. 

28 et siq.: xv. 72 ; xvii. 78 ; xxiii. 69, 

70, 71-72, 96, 97. 
Liebau boring, xxx. 88. 
LiEBiG, Baron, quoted, xi. 170, 173 ; 

xii. 32. 
Li^go district, iv. 289, 292. 

— school of mines, xxxiii. abs. 86. 
Lieth, Holstein, borehole, xxvii. 38 ; 

xxix. 69. 
Lidvin colliery, xxvii. 278-279. 

, fan regulator, xxxv. abs. 72. 

LiEviN Colliery Company, xxvii. 157-158. 
Life assurance, xxxiii. abs. 82. 

— of oil-wells, XXV. 160. 

— saving apparatus in mines, xxxi. 197, 
abs. 14 ; xxvii. 56-57. 

Lift bridges, xxii. 71-72; plates xviii.-xix. 
Lifting and vpinding, patents for, xvii. 

app. ii. 6-23 ; plates i.-ii. ; xviii. 

app. 4 ; xix. app. iii. 40-41 ; xx. app. 

ii. 9-10; xxi. app. ii. 9-10; xxii. app. 

ii. 9-10 ; xxiii. app. ii. 9-11 ; xxiv. 

app. ii. 9-10 ; XXV. app. ii. 9-10. 

— of boilers, xx. 54-55. 

— sets, pressure of water columns, xxi. 
49-58, 64-66, 91-103 ; plates iv.-ix. 

Light mineral oils as lubricants for air- 
compressing machinery, xxxviii. 3-12. 

LiGHTFOOT, Dr., Bishop of Durham, 
quoted, v. 144. 

Lighting, Belgian mines, regulations, 
xxxiv. 271-273, 281-283. 

— , fiery mines, Belgium, royal decree, 
xxix. 129-138. 

— , Prussian mines, regulations, xxxv. 
170-171. 

— and ventilation of mines, xii. 184. 

— mines by electricity, xiv. 7 1 -72. 

— powers of lamps, experiments, i. 332-333. 
Lightning conductors, xxxvi. 47, 48, 49. 

— in collieries, xxx. 42, 131. 

pit, Kimblesworth colliery, xxx. 

129-132 ; plate xxix. 
— , Tanfield Moor, xxx. 31-44; 

plates viii.-x. 
, West Thornley colliery, xxxiii. 

81-92 ; xxxvi. 47-49, 86. 
Lignite and brown coal production, xxvii. 

34, 62, 63. 

— mines, Bohemia, xxxii. abs. 29-30. 
Lignites, analyses, xxxiii. abs. 51. 

— , Austria, xi. 195. 

— , France, vi. 78-79. 

— , Fuveau, xxxiii. abs. 49. 

— , India, Raipur, xxxiv. abs. 17. 

— , Istria, xxxiv. abs. 64. 

— , Italy, xxxvii. abs. 37. 

— , Styria, xxxiv. abs. 14. 

— , Upper Rhine, ix. 71. 
Lignose, xxvii. 53. 
Liguria, copper, xxxv. abs. 7. 

— , western, carboniferous strata, xxxvii. 
abs. 2. 



Lilleshall, Lloyd ventilator, xix. 5 at teq. 
Limburg, coal-basin, xxvi. 14-28 ; plates 

iv.-vi. 
— , section, xxviii. 65. 
Lhne, ii. 258 ; xi. 72. 
— , compressed, mining coal by, xxxiii. 

13-18, 59-60, abs. 91. 
— , effects of mixture with coke, xxii. 14. 
— , preservation of pit timber, xii. 38, 39. 

— burning, xxxi. 1^5. 

— cartridges. Smith, xxxii. 57. 

— coal, xi. 190 ; plan, 74 ; sections, 75. 

— for neutralizing acid, v. 21-23. 

— industry, Maurienne, xxxiii. aba. 85. 
Lime-kilns, xxvii. 16 ; xxx. 123. 
Limekilnedge (juarry, section, xi. 69. 
Limestone ore-deposits, Almeria, xxxiii. 

abs. 37. 

— water, proposed use of, ii. 38-39. 

— with basalt, xxvi. 125, 126. 
Limestones, iii. 22, 24, 61, 64, 66 ; iv. 94 ; 

V. 33, 44; xiii. 126; xviii. 163-182; 

xxii. 113-116; xxiv. 73-83, 133-145; 

XXV. 46-58, 83, 87, 225-234 ; xxvi. 48- 

52 ; xxx. 123. 
— , Cleveland, xxxii. 49. 
— , concretions, xxxi. 224 ; figures, 237- 
— , Harkess rocks, xxvi. 121. 
— , India, xxxviii. 166-167. 
— , Nov.i Scotia, xxvi. 87. 
— , percentage of magnesia, xxx. 55. 
— , Ryhope, v. 148 tt seq. 
Limited liability act, enrolment of 

Institute, xxi. 72. 
Limits of exportation, xxviii. 43. 

Redesdale district, xxii. 111-112. 

Limonite, xxv. 61, 63, 66 ; xxvi. 76, 81, 

84. 
— , analyses, xxvi. 76, 77, 84. 
Lincoln, xxiv. 24, 29, 30. 
Lincolnshire iron-ore deposits, xxiv. 23- 

33, 152, 157-164 ; plates viii. -xi.; xxxv. 

130-132, 152. 

, analysis, xxxv. 152. 

, percentage of ii'on, xxxii. 47. 

— limestone, xxxv. 131, 145, 152. 
Lindal Cote mines, xxxi. 222. 

Moor, xxviii. 221, 225, 226. 

iron-mines, xxxiv. 92, 93. 

mines, xxxi. 219-220, 224, 226, 

227 ; section, 237- 
LiNDLEY AND HuTTON, collection, iii. 373- 

374 ; V. 64 ; viii. 172. 

, — , housing, xii. 41. 

, — , purchase, v. 161-162, 225. 

, — , I'eport of connnittee,xxv. 1-3. 

— , fossil llora references, xii. 209- 

212. 

— — — , illustiationa of fossil plants, 
xxvii. 99, 284. 

Lind anemometer, iii. 167 ; x. 208, 236, 

238 ; XV. 104, 105. 
Lindsay, Miss, quoted, xv. 59. 
Lindsay, C. S., quoted, xxx. 273. 
Lindsay, W. S., quoted, xv. 262. 



110 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



LiNi>sTK«)M, AxKi., tjuotL-d, xxxiii. aim. 

53. 
Liiij^iui luisiii, xix. US. 14!». I'll ; xxiv. 

174. 177. I««, lit'.' 15).H, 10.">: «ioti.)ii,'216. 

— toiil -si'uiii, xix. 141), 151. 

— nmiii loiil-.si'iiiii. xxiv. 17-', IS.S, IS9, 
194, 195. 'JOO. 

— — — , sei-tioii, (imilyst'H, mid gas 
protluction, xxvii. '224. 

— mines, xxiv. 'JOO-'JOl. 

Lingdale mines, prevt-ntion of over- 

winding, xxix. '2*28. 
Links in \ni chiiins, hreiiking of, xi. 161. 
Linnliriilgi- fonl Ixiiing. section, xi. 67. 
LiNsi.KV, .T.v<. K., tiuotod, XXXV. 09. 
LiNsi.KV, K., improved levelling staff for 

underground work. xxxv. 69. 
Lintz eoUiery, xiii. 4(5. 
LiruAKT, t'AiT.MN, (juoted, xxxvii. 90. 
Lippe, river, coal district, xxvi. 16. 
[..ijiwiiod, xxiv. 137. 
Li.suKT, A., (pKited, xxxvi. abs. 45. 
LisiiMAN, VVm., lidKtier chniii pump, 

XV. 136. 
— , <l(iy of inntiiuj, xvi. 13'2. 
— , dirtctactimj pinnpiutf and iriiidiinj- 

etiijiiiet, XV. 34, 35, 1*21 el scii. 
— , electric signals on underground 

engine-planes, xxiv. 165-167. 
— , cx])losion and -standing fire, Newbottle 

colliery, xv. 99-10-2, 144, 145. 
— , longwall system of working coal, xvi. 

45-48, 107 et .se<{. 
— , Orinerod snj'ety-link, xvii. 114. 
— , iirintini) of jtapers in adraiire, xvi. 

13-2. 
— , pumping-engines, Newton Cap col- 
liery, XV." 131-133. 
— , quoted, xix. app. i. 7, 13. 
— , snj,ty-hook^, xix. 2.32-233. 
— , smoke-consumers, xvii. 66-67 et .•.e'/. 

— Swan electric .safety-lamp, xxxv. 55. 
— , tail-ro]je committee'.t report, xviii. 61, 

62. 
LisHMAN AND YouNG, comprcssed-air 

locomotives, xxxii. 9; xxxvi. 221. 
List, Dr. K., cpioted, xxxiii. abs. 78. 
List of coal-fields, France, vi. 48, 73. 
collieries, ii. 264-267, 269, 282, 

284-287 ; xv. 224. 

— , abstnict, iii. a,\>\). 1 -8. 

, Cumberland and North Lanca- 
shire, xxxiv. 102, 103, 104, 115. 

, Formosa, xxxiv. 72. 

colliery companies, Northern France. 

xxvii. 152-162, 163. 
iron-mining companies, xxxiv. 93, 

94. 

localities for iron-ore, xxvi. 86. 

mmes, xxv. 92-93, 96. 

Literary and Phiixjsophioal Society, 

vote of thanks to, xxi. 82 ; xxx. 159. 
Literary work, xxix. 108, 109. 
Lithanthrax or coal, xii. 164. 
Lithofracteiu-, xx. 221-222. 



Lithomarge, xxx. 107 et stq. 

, unulj-si.s, xxx. 110; suctionH, 113. 
Litterinoiit. section, x xviii. 65. 
Little Kavington coal, xxxvii. 12. 

Hrand'Or, xix. 156. I5S ; xxiv. 179, 

194. 

— coal, xxxiii. 133 ; xxxvii. 15. 

— Howgate coal, ix. '203 ; xxxvii. 13. 

— limestone, xiii. 186; xiv. 9-11, 
43, 70 ; xviii. 169 ; xxiv. 133, 135, 
137 ; xxv. 47 ; xxviii. 4, 5, 6 ; xxxiv. 
130 ; aecticm, 1.36 ; xxxvii. 12, 17- 

and its accomjianying coal. South 

Northumberland, xxiv. 73-83 ; plates 

xiv. -XV. ; xxv. 46. 
coal, xiii. 180 ; xxiv. 74, 76-77, 78, 

79, 80, 133, 141 ; xxv. 47, 48, 56; 

xxvii. 16, 17. 

— main baml coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 
327, 329, 330, 335, 337, 350. 

coal-seam, xxxiii. r2'2, 126, 134 ; 

section, 1.38. 

— sill, xxviii. IJO. 

— Tracey coal-seam, xiii. 38. 

— vein coal-seam section, xxxi. 195. 

— whin sill, xxvii. 77. 

— whirlstone, xxviii. 120, 127, 129, l.SO, 
131, 134. 

— wonder seam, xxxvii. 7. 

Littleshield coal, xxxvii. 12. 

Livadia steamship, boilers, xxx. '207. 

LivKiNc, E. H., detection and measure- 
ment of intlammable gas, xxviii. 167- 
170 ; plate xxxiv. 

— , detection of inflammable gases, xxvii. 

287-289, 290 et se</.; plate xxxix. 
— , gas indicator, xxix. 175 ; xxxv. 240. 
— , machine for testing anemometers, 

xxx. 276-277 ; plate xlviii. 
— , Translyvania, gokl-muiing, xxxv. 81- 

93. 
Liverpool, Canada dock, central press 

swing-bridge, xxii. 67. 
— , casualties in coal cargoes, xxv. 135. 
— , Waterloo dock, swing-bridges, xxii. 

68. 
— , waterworks, pumping, xvi. 137-138 ; 

plates xxxv. -xxxvi. ; xvii. 24-25; xxi. 

97, 126-127, 128 et sei/. 

— and Manchester railway, viii. 51, 57- 
58, 59-64. 

LiVERSiDGE, PiiOF. — , quoted, xxxvii. 

149. 
Liverton colliery, ventilating fans, xxvi. 

154 et neq. 

— mine, gas, xxx viii. 71. 

LiVESEY, Clegg, direct -acting jmrnpiug 

and icinding-miiineM, xv. 33. 
Livingstone, Wm., evidence on boiler 

explosion, iv. 44-45. 
Llanelly, xxiii. 243 ; xxxi. 179. 
Llanidloes, Van mine, gas, xxxviii. 64. 
Lloyd, G. B., quoted, x. 202, 2\3. 
Lloyd ventilating fan, xix. 5-8 ; plates 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



Ill 



Lloyd's cove coal-scain, xix. 155, 15fi ; 

xxiv. 179, 183, 184, ll'S. 
Llwynpia colliery, air crossings, xxxi. 

15 ; plate i. 
Llyn Cicl<lew Mawr, xxxvi. 106, HI, II '2. 

— Cwmmynach, xxxvi. 105, 113. 
Llyudu coal mixed with Warora, xxxviii. 

86. 

Loading and screening coals, Hick patent, 
xxi. '295-298 ; plates xlvii.-xlviii. 

unloading pit cages, Fowler appa- 
ratus, xxiii. 29-41 ; plates xi.-xiv. 

— coke ovens, method, viii. 118. 
Lobsann, bitxmiinous beds, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Local meeting, proposed, xiv. 1, 8-9, 27, 

37. 

— names of rocks, xxxii. 322. 

— sales of coal, x. 66, 67-70. 

— taxation, rating of mines, xxiii. 117- 
133, 137-141, 145-152, 154-158. 

Locality of Federated Institute, xxxvi. 

170-171 ; xxxvii. 165. 
Loch Katrine waterworks, xxiv. 52, 53, 
' 56-57, 92, 93. 
Lock, A. G., quoted, xxxiii. 114. 
Lock, Cuvelier safety-lamp, xxxvi. 51-54; 

plates vii.-viii. ; xxxvii. abs. 1. 
— , Marsaut safety-lamp, xxxiv. 162. 
Locke, Joseph, death, ix. 1-2. 
— , memoir, ix. 56-64. 
— , quoted, viii. 62-64; x. 22; xii. 195; xv. 

253. 
Lockinghem coal-seams, xxvii. 149. 
Locks, for safety-lamps, xiii. 2-3 ; xxxiv. 

162 ; xxxvi. 51-54 ; xxxvii. abs. 1. 
Locomotive boilers, xxx. 73-74 ; plates 

xvi.-xvii. 
, explosions, xxix. 36, 38, 41, 95 et 

■seq. 

— engines, ii. 109 ; viii. 48-51, 59, 66 ; 
xii. 176, 195 ; xv. 221 ; xxxvi. 133. 

Locomotives, hot water, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
— , underground traction, prize offered, 

xi. 89. 
Locust mountain, U.S.A., section, xxv. 

176. 
LoczY, L., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 32. 
LoDOE, Wm., Limdhill colliery explosion, 

V. 238. 
Loi>iN, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 34 ; 

xxxiv. abs. 45. 
Lofthouse, xxxv. 117. 
— , haulage appliances, xxi. 95. 
— , ironstone-mines, Cooke ventilator, 

xxvi. 152 et seq. 

— , , poi'table engine, xvi. 97. 

Lo(JAN, Sir W. E., qiioted, xi. 167 ; xix. 

115, 126, 128; xxiii. 171, 174; xxvii. 

233 ; xxx. 56, 61. 
— , Nova Scotia, Pictou county, geo- 
logical map, xxvi. plate viii. 
Logan, W., experiment h irith coal-dust, 

xxviii. 156-158. 
— , feeiUnq of colliery horses, xxxii. 155- 

160, 174. 



LociAN, W., lorKjivall working, East Hettmi 

colliery, xxv. 260. 
— , 'inininij coal by compressed lime, xxxiii. 

17, 18. 

, pressure of gas in solid coal, xxx. 258. 
— , rey III at ions for membership, xxvi. 144. 
— , safety-hooks, xxix. 201-214, 218; 

plates xxxiv. -xliii. 
Logarithmic tables, use of, xx. 30. 
Logarithms, properties of, xxxiv. 139. 
LoHEST, Max, quoted, xxv. abs. 57. 
LoHMANN, H., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 56. 
Loire coal-field, vi. 37, 87. 
Lolling, H., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 6. 
LoMMEL, G. T., quoted, xxxi. abs. 44. 
London, coal imports, x. 72. 
— , — under, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
— , 1876 meeting, Lindsay Wood's 

address, xxv. 189-199. 

— and Southampton railway, ix. 58. 
Londonderry, Lady F. A. Vane, 

quoted, iii. app. 1. 
Londonderry, bridge over Foyle, xxii. 

65. 
— , Nova Scotia, xxvi. 77-79. 
— , , mines and ironworks, xiv. 18, 

21, 22, 24. 
Long Beach coal-seam, xix. 147; xxiv. 

175, 189. 

— joints, xi. 85. 
Longhirst top seam, xxxvii. 7. 
LoNGRiDGE, — , ii. 51, 76-77 ; xxxvii. 95. 
— , Clereland ironstone, vi. 8. 

— , quoted, x. 8, 14, 15. 

Longridge, Henry, ii. 97. 

— , New South Waits coal -f eld, vi. 22. 

Longridge, H. 6., iii. 54, 55, 234. 

— , Chalybeate mine waters, v. 22. 

— , Erekli and Rodosto coal-fields, iii. 54 

et seq., 61-73, 234. 
— , safety-cage, iii. 226. 
Longridge, J. A., ii. 7, 16 et seq. 
— , action of a jet of steam, as a motive 

power, for tlie purposes of ventilation, 

i. 35-62, 210 et seq. 
— , changes in condition of air in mines, 

iv. 203-259. 
— , choke damp and means of counter- 
acting its effects, ii. 35-46, 78 et seq. : 

97-98. 

, cuinmittce on ventilation, v. 23. 

— , copyright of papers, v. 2. 

, discussion of papers, v. 8. 
, mining surveys, iv. 264. 

— , position of and loss of temperature in 
upcast shafts, iv. 147-189. 

— , rounil and small coal, v. 11. 

, sinking through sand, v. 149. 

, swing-door, i. 235-236. 

, ventilation of mines, iv. 12 rt seq. 
— , working thick and thin seams, v. ~. 
Longridge, J. D., quoted, xi. 42. 
Longridge, Jas. ft., vi. 3. 
Longridge, Rout., quoted, xi. 42. 
Longridge, R. B., quoted, xx. 55. 



112 



GENERAL INDEX TO TR.\NSACTIOJIS. 



LitNURliMiE, H4)»T. W., Ilrtiitn co/tteiy 
euf/liKiitiii, ix. 1U0-IU2. 
-, quoteil, ix. 91. 

LoNoi'KTY, M., (|U(>toil, xxxiv. alls. 70. 

Longwiill woi'kin^, iv. 19-4 tt sn/.: v. 7, W, 
19 ; xii. lir>, 00 ; xvi. 4'J, 4r)-48; platen 
ix.-x.: 107-1 1*2; xvii. M H skj., HS ft 
/tei/., lOHet st'i. ; xviii. 16'i ; xix. '27-39, 
86-88 ; pliitos ix.-x. ; xxiii. 220-'2Jl, 
264; xxvii. 92; xxviii. 39-40; plans, 
65; xxxi. 19-20, 1S2; plates x.-xi.; 
xxxiii. 158-159; xxxiv. 75 ; xxxv. 235, 
236 ; xxxviii. 31. 

— — , Aimesley colliery, xxi. 3-9, 104- 
111 ; plalt'.s i.-iii., xxv.-xxvi. 

— , l)erl)yshire and Nottinghamahii'e, 
X. 117, 127-131, 137 «/v"/., 155 et .it</. 

— — , Kast Hetton colliery, xxv. 251- 
260 ; j)lates Ixxv.-lxxvi. ; xxvi. 64-69 ; 
plate vii'j. 

— , Framwellgate colliery, xii. 39. 

— — , Moira, x. 162-165, 167 et se.q.; 
xxxii. 18.S el seij.; plates xvii. -xviii. 

, Shililon lodge, viii. 93-94. 

— -, ventilation, xxxi. 17-18; plates vi.- 
ix. 

, — , goaf, xviii. 157 et seij.; ])late xl. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 129-130. 

Long work, Yorkshire coal-field, x. 130. 

, sketches, ii. '244, 246-247 ; 246-248. 

Longwitton bottom coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— top coal, xxxvii. 13. 

Longy Heiigh dyke, ix. 191, 194. 

Loose needle, surveying with, xxxi. 33-40. 

Loraine, Cape Breton, xxvi. 85. 

Lord, J no. S., quoted, xxxv. abs. 32. 

Lord Crewe's Trustees, quoted, xxxiii. 
74. 

Lord's Field colliery, Broadbent safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 6. 

LoRn.s OK Admiralty, quoted, iii. 72. 

LoRiNci, F. Crooke, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 
36. 

Lorraine ironstones, xxxiii. abs. 79-80. 

Lorway coal-seam, xxiv. 177, 196, 208. 

LosH, Wm., quoted, viii. 53, 54. 

LosH, Wilson, Bkll and Co., quoted, 
iii. app. 8 ; v. 171, 185 ; xxxvi. 
133. 

Loskey Beck, section, xxxii. 51. 

Loss in working-up ores, xxxi. 164, 167. 

— of heat in products of combustion, 
xxxvi. 140. 

from steam-pipes, xxxi. 79-80 et 

xe'j. ; xxxii. 38 tt seq. ; xxxvi. 1 4 tt 

SC'l. 

life, coal-mines, xxxv. 71-78, 101. 

, Merchant navy, xxviii. 200-201. 

— -, mines, xxviii. 198-204. 

— , Royal navy, xxviii. 201. 

strength in heated iron-wire, viii. 

181-184. 

— — temperature in upcast shafts, iv. 
147-189, 253 <d st'/. 

Lotta gold veins, assay, xxxv. abs. 10. 



LOTTI, B., quote<l, xxxvii. abs. 36. 
Loughs, xxviii. 121, 146, 147 ; figures, 

155 ; xxxi. 217, 226-228, 230, 231, 237 ; 

figures, 237. 
Lt)uisburg, harbour, xxiv. 188, 192. 

, railway, xxiv. 176. 
Louisiana, (quicksilver, xxxv. abs. 41. 
Louvre boards in ventilating fans, xix. 6, 

7,8.^ 
Low, W.M., roiil-ir(tshiu(j (i/>/><initiis, x v.64. 
Low Bottom Band coal-seam, section, 

xxxii. 324, 348. 

— Dean limestone, ix. 188, 189 ; xxxvii. 
13. 

— Kogrigg, section, xxiv. 135, 136, 137. 

— Furness, xxxi. 211-212. 

— main coal-seam, ii. 263, 272 et .leq.; iii. 
16,23; iv. 143, 273; v. 119; xiii. 73- 
79, 125, 220, 221, 225 ; xiv. 28-30, 33 ; 
xxxvii. 6, 7, 126. 

, Burradon, viii. 161. 

, coal-getting, Haswell, xxxiii. 

39-41, 44-53. 
, gas, Elemore, xxx. 163, 165- 

166, 225 et seq. 

, Hartley, xi. 143 et Htq. 

— , horizon of, xxxvii. 151-153 ; 

plates xxxvii. -xl. 

■ , nip out, xxxviii. 55. 

■, pillar working, viii. 88 1-^ w/. ,' 

ix. 27-28. 
, Wallsend, v. 136. 

— Mere Beck lead-mine, xxxiv. 120. 

— Moor iron, xiii. \',\\. 

■ — Point, Nova Scotia, xix. 148-150, 155 ; 
xxiv. 178. 

— pressure lioilers, xx. 50. 

— Teppermoor, section, to (ilundue, 
xviii., plate xliv. 

LowDKN, Geo., 1 left on colliery exploainii, 

ix. 98-100, 110. 
Lower carboniferous conglomerate, xxxi. 

162, 213 ; sections, 237. 

formation, xxvi. 49, 50, 52. 

, North of England, xxxvii. 4, 12- 

13. 
, Western Newfoundland, xxiii. 

167-17G ; plate xxxv. 
limestone, xxx. 56. 

— — — , marine, Newfoundland, xxiii. 
167-171. 

locks, xii. 157-158. 

— shales and limestones, xxxi. 213- 
214 ; sections, 237. 

coal-measures, x. 108-110; xi. 1.S4 ; 
xxvii. 89, 91, 93, 94; sections, 97; 
xxxii. 321-322,343-345, 347-348, 355. 
, Scotland, xxxvii. 127"-128. 

— Congo, geology, xxxviii. abs. 18, 54. 

cretaceous ironstone, xxiv. 30-.S1 ; 
xxxv. 141-145. 

— Danu'ida series, xxxii. 150, 151. 

— estuarine series, xxxv. 125, 128, 135 ; 
section, 145. 

— five-quarter coal-seam, ii. 217. 



\ 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



lis 



Lower Greensaiul, xxxv. 143, 145. 
— level anthracite seam, xxxi. 178, 189 ; 
suction, 195. 

Lias clay, analysis, xxxv. 156. 
iron-ores, xxiv. 24-27; xxxv. 108-113. 

— limestone shale, xxxiv. 127, 135 ; 
sections, 136. 

— Middle Saarhriicken group, xxviii. 22- 
23 ; sections, 65. 

— Muschelkalk, xxviii. 13, 14, 65. 

— Oolite, iron-ores, xxiv. 28-30 ; xxxv. 
124-139. 

— Pennant series, xxiii. 208-209. 

— Permian breccia, xxxi. 229, 2.30. 

— rock vein coal-seam, section, xxxi. 
195. 

— Rothliegende, xxviii. 15, 65. 

— 8aarbrucken group, xxviii. 18-22 ; 
sections, 65. 

— seam, xxx. 8, 11 ; sections, 25. 

— Silesia, coal-mining, xxxviii. abs. 17. 

, coal-production, xxvii. 28, 32. 

Lowick, ix. 211 ; xxxiii. 75, 76. 

— lime coal, xxxvii. 13, 18. 
LowTHER, Sir Jas., quoted, xxxiv. 103, 

104. 
LowTHER, Sir Jno., quoted, xxxiv. 101. 
Lovvling, xxxiv. 129. 
Lubricants, mineral oil, xxi. 291-294. 
— , Ryhope air-receiver, xxxvii. 197. 
Lubrication of air-compressing machinery 

with light mineral oils, xxxviii. 3-12. 
coal-tubs, xxv. 215-223 ; plates Ix.- 

Ixix. ; xxvii. 8-9 ; plate iii. 
Liibtheen, boring for salt, xxx. 99. 
Lucas, i., federation of rninintj institutes, 

xxxvii. 161. 
LuDERS, RiCHD., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 16. 
Ludus, xxv. 68. 

Ludworth colliery, water feeders, xii. 23. 
Luebtheen boring, xxxiv. abs. 62. 
LuEG, H., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 3. 
LuER.MANX, Fr., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 87, 

89. 
LiJHRiG method of coal-washing, xxix. 

159-171 ; plates xxv. -xxxi. 
Luniachello, xxv. 70. 
Luminous paint, xxx. 24. 



Li'MLKV bobbin, xxxiv. jilate iii. 
Lumiey colliery, xiii. 76 ; section, 76. 

Paik coal-mines, xv. 195. 
Lumniersciiieder coal-seam, .section, 

xxviii. 65. 
Lumpsey mines, sinkings, xxxi 1, 11]. 

114; plates xvi. -XX.; xxxv. 114. 
, working ironstone, xxxvi. 67-72, 

121 ; [)lates ix.-xi. 
Lunar attraction, xxxiii. 180. 
Lundhill collier}-, broken workings, xxxi. 

17 ; plates iii., vi. 

— — , explosion, v. 231-274; section, 
231-232; plan facing 2.35; vi. 113-127, 
204-213 ; diagram of workuigs, 205. 

, plan of workings, xviii. 160 ; plate 

xli. 

— , workings, vii. 82, 83. 
Lunel iron-ore, analysis, xxv. 75. 
Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 151, 153, 

155, 158, 162. 
LuPTON, Prof. A., adi-avtaijes of 

mechanical rtnti/ation, xix. 233 et seq. 
— , Grafton Jones coal-getting machine, 

xix. 239-243 ; plates xliv.-xlvi. 
— , quoted, xix. 45. 
LuPTON lubricator, xxv. 220 ; plate 

Ixvi. ; xxvii. 8 ; plate iii. 
Lutraria, Formosa, xxxiv. 81. 
Luttermann, — , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

12. 
Luttgex, E., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 42. 
LuuYT, N., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 100, 107. 
Luxemburg, iv. 296, 297, 298. 
Lyall, — , quoted, xxi. 43. 
Lyell, Sir Chas., quoted, xi. 164, 167, 

169 173 ; xiii. 101, 163 ; xxxi. 151 ; 

xxxiii. 169-170. 
Ly'ell-Brown, H. Y., quoted, xxxv. 

abs. 24. 
Ljing cheek, xxviii. 124, 128. 
Lyon, R. B. , non-conducting composi- 
tion, xxix. 8. 
Lyons pit, Hetton colliery, ix. 95. 
— — , Newton Cap, pumping-engines, xv. 

121 ettseq., 131-133. 
Lypes, xix. 131. 
Lysons, D. and S., quoted, xxxiv. 91. 



M. 



Mabow, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 180. 
Macan colliery, xix. 117, 118, 121, 122. 
McAulay coal-seam. Cape Breton, xix. 

146, 159-160; xxiv. 175, 176, 189, 198- 

199, 205; xxvi. 55 et seq. 

, gas production, xxvii. 222. 

— — — , section and analyses, xxvii. 

221. 
McBean coal - seam, analyses, xxvii. 

232. 
MacCarthy, S., Lloyd ventilating fan, 

xix. 5-6. 
McClarty, Messrs., quoted, xxxi. 187- 



McCreath, Andr. S., quoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 21. 
Mc'CiLLOCH, H., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Macdermott and W1LLIA.MS, perforator, 

XX. 65 et seq.; plate xxx. 
MACD0N.4.LD, — , quoted, xxxviii. 98. 
McDougall disinfecting powder, v. 

263, 265. 
Macfarl.\ne, D., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Mackarlane, J.\s., quoted, xxxiii. 119. 
Mac'karlane, T., quoted, xxxviii. 65. 
McGiLL disconnecting hook, xix. app. i. 

16-17 ; plate xvii. 

8 



114 



(;km;kai. indi x lo lit ansaci ions. 



Mi'tiRKOOK Hcaiii, xix. I'-M, l.'U-l.Ti. 
Miichiiiv and Imiul tlriviii^, xxxi. al>M. 
4547. 

— bort-rs, x.xxi. alts. •_'". 
tlrillH, xxxi. IG4. 

— rivotting, xviii. 4-5, 9- IS. 

MaCIIINK '1 ITN.NICLLINd Co.Ml'.\NY, c|lloted, 

XX. -2*21. 
Machine ventilation, vi. 145. 
Maohinirv, xv. "JO?, '20S, 209, 210, 212, 

210, 221. 
— , New Zealaiitl coal inincs, xxxv. 179, 

181, 192-194, 201, 20;i, 205, 200, 208, 

211-212. 
— , stone-cutting, xxxv. abs. 21. 

— in collieiie.s, xxxiii. 150. 
Mackarski conipressecl-air locomotives, 

xxxii. 9. 
McKay, Al>:x., quoted, xxxiv. abs. :U; 

xxxv. 175, 178-180, 186. 
McKeli-ak, H. S., quoted, xxxv. abs. 

59. 
McKkm^r, Pkter, (juoted, xxiv. 24.S. 
Mf'KELl^R vein, xxiv. 248. 
Mackenzie, K., quoted, xxxvii. 9. 
Mackenzie, .Ioun, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

61. 
.McKenzie hematite, xxvi. 82. 
McKekrow, J., quoted, xxxv al)s. 59. 
McKini.es.s, Jas., gauzelcss safety-lamp, 

xxxvii. 69-72, 73-74 ; plate xviii. 
Mackworth, Hekbekt improvements 

in boring for minerals, wells and 

shafts, ii. 57-66. 
-•, quoted, i. 68-69,270; viii. 114, 119, 

124 ; xii. 6.3. 
— , safety-lamps, ii. 51 -.i4. 
— , Waring coal-cuttiug nuichine, ii. 

67-69. 
— , water as a ventilating power, ii. 71- 

7.3, 101. 
Mackworth & Kocers coke-kilns, viii. 

113. 
Mackworth railway coke-oven, ix. 43- 

44 ; figures, facing ix. 43. 
MacLaren, — , quoted, xi. 166, 169 ; 

xii. 31. 
McLaren, B. N., quoted, xxxvii. 85. 
McLaren, J. M., quoted, xxxv. abs. 

59. 
McMuRTRiE, J., Jiii-<sian coal-fieldn, xxiv. 

21. 
Macnab, Dr.. quoted, xxxvii. 9. 
MACQiEkN, .J. W., quoted, xxxvi. 104. 
Macr.\e safetv-lamp, experiments with, 

xvii. 19. ' 
McRuRY coal-seam, xix. 146 ; xxiv. 175, 

177, 189. 
McVic.^r chain works, experiments on 

wire-ropes, viii. 17. 
Madagascar, coal, xxxviii. abs. 69-70. 
— , geology of, xxxvii. abs. 14-15. 
Maddison, Rau'h, quoted, x. 248. 
Maddisox, Tugs., evidence on boiler 

explosion, iv. 48. 



Mauihson, Wm., Liiiiilhill rtif/iai/ 

t.iji/i)-ciiiii, V. 213-245, 249 (/ ski. 
Mai>I>!.sun, W. r., i/iriri.tiiliiiii jiirm/jiiiij 

(iiiil iriiiiliiii/ -I iKjiiuSfXv. 28 el srij. ,40-4 i . 
— , quoted, XV. 141. 
Maddox, J as., and J no., /inn-ndoii 

<-ulH< ri/ < x/ildsioii. viii. 164. 
Madrid mining exhil*ition, xxxiii. abs. 46. 
Maestka, - , quoted, xxxvii. 29, 49. 
Magdalen Islaiuls, xxx. 54, 58. 
Magni-.sia in iron-ore, xxvii. 132. 
Magnesian cements, accidents with, 

xxxvi. abs. 23-24. 
, analyses, xxxvi. abs. 23. 

— limestone, iii. 22 ; v. 44 ; vi. 12 ; x>. 
81, 101, 102; xiii. 44, 45, 93-95, 97, 
98, 100-103, 169, 170, 171, 177, 222, 
224 ; XV. 16, 17 ; xxi. 265, 2(56, 268 ; 
xxviii. 117, 118; sections, 155; xxxi. 
218; sections, 237; xxxiii. 165, 166, 
169, 171. 

, Durham, xiii. 205-213 ; map, facing 

205; xiv. 28-31. 

- — , — , map, V. 117; sections, 119, 
12-2, 128. 

, Maryport, xi. 180. 

, outcrop in Midlands, x. 118, 138, 

150, 151. 

- — , salt water in, xiii. 201-202. 
, Seaton Carew boring, xxxviii. 21 

tt seq. 

— — , sinkings through, xiii. 106-107. 

, water from, xxx. 264. 

Magnesium carbonate as a non-conductor 

of iieat, xxxvii. abs. 42. 
Magnetic bricks, xxxiii. abs. 54. 

- compass, disadvantages of, xx. 98-99, 
104. 

, prospecting with, xxxiii. abs. 25. 

— — , use of, xxxiv. al)S. 35. 

— effect of iron in mines, xx. 46, 47. 

— iron-ore, v. 207-209; xxiii. 169, 171. 

— ironstone, xiii. 143-144 ; xxxii. 44, 45. 
, Rosedale Abbe}-, xix. " 193-2L0 ; 

plates xxxiii. -xxxvii. 

— ores, vi. 9, 189, 191, 196 ; xiv, 20, 21. 
, prospecting for, xxxiii. abs. 25. 

— properties, vii. 89. 
of ore, vii. 100-101. 

— quarry, Rosedale, xxxv. 126, 128 ; 
section, L45. 

- water-gautre, iv. 42. 

Magnetism in izou tubes, xxix. 189-190. 
Magnetite, xxvi. 71, 72, 74-76, 85. 
-, analyses, xxvi. 72, 75. 
Magneto-electric gas detector, xxvii. 287 

et -seq. 
Magnetometer, Newall, xx. 108-109. 
MA(iNUS, - , quoted, iii. 176, 179 et seq. 
Main band, vii. 87, 88. 

— coal-seam, xxxiii. 121, 123-126, 

128, 131-133, 135, 147, 148; xxxiv. 

102, 109, 111 ; xxxv. 225. 
, sections, xxxii. 323, 326, 327, 

339, 348, 349, 363, 366. 



I 
I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



115 



Main block, Cleveland, xxxv. 117; sec- 
tions, 14."). 

Main coal seam, ii. 151-152, 154, 215, 
2(32-264, 271; iv. 273; ix. 204, 208, 
t.09, 218, 220, 228-225 ; x. 45 ; xi. 73; 
sections, 73, 75 ; plan, 74 ; sections, 
xiii. 75, 77, 207-209, 213; xv. 234, 
237; XXX. 125; xxxvii. 6, 7, 13, 15, 20, 
126 ; xxxviii. 55. 

— — - , Formosa, xxxiv. 74. 
, Haswell, coal-getting in, xxxiii. 

53-54. 
, Moira, two systems of working, 

xxxii. 181-190; plates xiv.-xxiii. 

— , pillar working, viii. 88 e.t ,seq. 

, West Auckland, v. 20. 

— tlrifts, vii. S3. 

— hard coal-spam, x. 118. 

— ironstone band, Cleveland, pillar 
workings viii. 88 et seq. 

— roads of mines, iron supports, xxxvii. 
135-143; plates xxx. -xxxii. 

, steel supports, xxxvii. 221- 

244 ; plates l.-li. 

— rope, iii. 279. 

— seam, xix. 115, 123, 155, 158. 

, Cleveland, v. IS.i, 189, 193, 195, 

193, 19S, 201, 202, 204, 205. 

— soft coal-seam, x. 119. 

— stone coal-seam, section, xxxii. 330. 

— vein, xxvii. 18. 
Maintenage, xxvii. 179. 
Maitai formation, xxxv. 186. 
Maitland, J. P., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Maize beck, xxi. 252. 

— for horses, xxxii. 75-77, 112-113, 155, 
161 et seq. 

Majendie, Col., quoted xxxiii. 8. 
Makonjwa Range, Transvaal, xxxviii. 

171. 
Makuc, E., (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 76, 97- 
Makum coal-fields, xxxviii. 15S. 
Malacca, tin-mining, xxxvi. abs. 3. 
Malachite, xxv. 82. 
Malagarh hill, Kawassa, manganese, 

xxxviii. 79. 
Malange iron-ore, analysis, xxv. 76. 
Malay Archipelago, tin, xxxv. abs. 57. 

— peninsula, geology, xxxvi. abs. 3. 

— tin smelting furnace, xxxvi. abs. 5. 
Malk, M., quoted, xxxv. abs. 53. 
Malherbe, R., qiToted, xxxiv. abs. 68, 

78. 
Malissard-Taza, M., quoted, xxxv. abs. 

64. 
Malkowitz boring, xxx. 88. 
Mallard, E., e.vperimeut-^ on jxremure of 

(/((s ill .so/id coal, xxxii. 123-132. 
Mallard and Le Ciiatelier, quoted, 

xxxiii. abs. 39, 69, 102; xxxvi. abs. 13. 
Malleable iron, xiii. 149-155. 
Mallet, F. R., quoted, xi. 25 ; xxxii. 

abs. 1 ; xxxiii. abs. 30 ; xxxiv. abs. 15, 

76 ; xxxvii. abs. 48. 
Malting, xxxi. 185, 



Mahcrn hills coal-seams. Now Zealand, 

xxxv. 197. 
Mammalian remains, Htyrian coal, xxxvii. 

abs. (il. 
Mamiviatt, J. E., (juo ed, xix. app. i. 6. 
Mannnoth coal-seam, xiii. 33, 34, 38 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 5. 
Manag(!mcnt of English collieries, xxxi. 

14. 

— of colliery horses, xxxii. 61-lIii, 154- 
174 ; plate xii. 

Manhy, Col., (juoted, xxi. 289. 
Manchester, boiler explosions, xxxii. 191, 

195 ; plates xxiv., xxvi. 
— , proposed meeting at, xiii. 217 . 

— and Liverpool railway, Rocket loco- 
motive, viii. 63. 

— canal, xxxv. 229, 232. 
Manchester Geological Society, 

xxxvii. 158. 
Manchester meeting, 1865, xiv. 37, 67-69, 
91, 101, 107 d srq., 133 H stq.; XV. 

13, 19, 81, 99, 103, 107. 
Man-engines, xxvii. 181, 183. 
Manganese, annual production, xxi. 173, 

183, 19.3. 
— , effect of, in blast-furnaces, xiii. 139- 

140. 
— , effects of mixture with coke, xxii. 

14-15. 

— deposits, Belgium, xxxiv. abs. 37. 
, Bosnia, xxxviii. abs. 66. 

— — , Caucasus, xxxvii. 96. 

, Central India, xxxviii. 79. 

, Moravia, xxxv. abs. 14. 

, Sardinia, San Pietro, xxxiv. 145- 

158; plates XX. -xxiii. 
, Transcaucasia, xxxiii, abs. 60. 

— in iron-ore, xxiv. 158, 160, 161; xxvii. 
132. 

— ore, xxv. 83. 

, Merionethshire, xxxvi. 103-117; 

plates x\i.-xix. 

— - ores, origin of, xxxv. abs. 42. 

— oxide, v. 202. 

— production, San Pietro, xxxiv. 156- 
157. 

— septaria, xxxv. abs. 14. 
Manganiferous iron-ores, Pj-renees, 

xxxiii. abs. 30. 

, Rancii', xxxiii. abs. 107- 

Mangotsfield coal-seams, xxvii. 90, 92- 

93. 
Manhattan stean)er, xviii. 44, 114, 
Manilla ropes, xxxi. abs. 17, IS ; xxxiv. 

abs. 55. 
Manipur, minerals o'', xxxiii. abs. 31. 
Manor Wallseiid colliery, xv. 218. 
Manufacture of coke, xxii. 3-20, 81 et 

wq., 152-157 ; plates i.-xiv. ; xxxviii. 

40. 

, Westy)halia, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

iron, xiii. 109-155. 

— and steel, Italv, xxxviii. abs. 

24, 



116 



GENEKAL INDKX TO TR.ANSACTIONS. 



Miiiuifiiituring coal, xii. I;")}), IGl-HW. 
Miiiiiirc, luMic iiliig, xxxvii. alts. IM. 
Mapping of IViiiKiylvaiiiaii anthracite 

region, xxxi. al)8. 1*2. 
Maps, Alais arnuuU.sscnu'nt, v. -7. 
- , Austrian Doniiiiioiis, iv. 54. 
, Belgian and WcHtphaliau troal-ticiils, 
xxvi. "28. 
-, Boulonnaiii coal-ficM, xxvii. Hi.i. 
-, Bristol coal-Held, x. 97. 

, Cttue Breton coiil-lield, xix. 138. 
- , China, XV. 67. 

, construction in relief, xxxviii. alis. 71. 
- , Cornwall minerals railway, xxvii. 

136. 
— , Cum'-erland coal-fiehl, etc., viii. 143, 

145 ; xix. 116. 
— , Derbyshire and Nottinyhanishire 

coul-tields, facing x. 117, 150. 
— , district between Carlisle and New- 
castle, xxiv. 94. 

— , UlUwateranil Tynenioutli, xxiv. 

60. 

, Durham, magnesian limestone dis- 
trict, V. 117 ; xiii. '204. 
, Durham and Bonier Counties, xi. 
1-29. 
— , Dutch Limburg, xxvi. 28. 
— , Erekli coal district, iii. 61. 
— , Formosa, xxxiv. 6S. 
— , France, vi. 47. 

— , (ireat Nortliern coal-field, ii. 102; 
explanation of, 261-271 ; v. 167, 175; 
X. 41. 
— , Hunter River district, vi. 36. 
-, Lackawanna coal-field, xiii. 25. 
— , Lake Superior mining regions, xxiv. 

248. 
— , Moreton Bay district, vi. 48. 
— , New South Wales, Newcastle, part 

of, vi. 27, 29. 
— , Newfoundland coal-field, xxiii. 168. 
--, North of England, coal and iron dis- 
tricts, V. 167, 175. 

_, , lead mining districts, xviii. 

163. 
— , North Staffordshire coal-field, ii. 234. 
-, Northern coal-field, xxxvi. 201. 
— , Northumberland lakes, xxiv. 94. 
— , Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, xix. 

114. 
— , Pennsylvania, anthracite region, xxv. 

176. 
— , — , coal region, xiii. 25. 
— , — , oil region, xxv. 176. 
— , Pictou coal-field, xix. 122 ; xxii. 129. 
— , Plashetts coal-field, xi. 101. 
— , Redesdale district, xxii. 128 ; xxxii. 

54. 
— , scales, XXXV. abs. 10-13. 
— , Somersetshire and Gloucestershire, 

parts of, ii. 250. 
— , South Wales, anthracite district, 

xxxi. 194. 
— , Spain, sketch, xxxvi. 40. 



Maps, Styria, Cilli tli.strict, iv. 106. 

, Surroca coal-tidd, xxxvi. 40. 

, Sydniv, Nova Scotia <'(ial. field, xxiv. 

18S, 216. 
-. Tyiie river, Newcastle toTynemouth, 

xxxvi. 219. 
— , United States coal-fields, xxv. 176. 
— , West Cumberland and Furness, 

xxxiv. 137. 
Maramarua Creek, xxxv. 181. 
Mab('HE.si; process of copper extraction, 

xxxvii. abs. 70. 
MarcoU, Julks, ijuoted, xxxiv. abs. 18. 
M.^KHSCHAL, J., (juoted, xxxviii. abs. 

70. 
Mar<!KAK, — , ixpn-imentx irith axtf-iliist 

at Xtuid-ltrluu, xxxiv. 199, 221-245. 
--, quoted, xxxvi. abs. 27. 
— , sfviirite, xxxvi. 81-82. 
Maria, Aix la Chapelle colliery, sinking, 

xxxvi. abs. 35. 
Maria coal-seam, xxvii. 185-186. 
Mariahiitte, section, xxviii. 65, 
Marian-y-Cwm hematite district, xxv. 

86. 
Mariaschein, Austria, stair-grate furnace, 

xix. 63-64 ; plate xv. 
Marie coal-seam, xxviii. 39 ; sections, 

59, 65. 
Mariemont colliery, xxxiii. abs. 84. 

— and Basconp mines, xxvii. 181-183. 
Marienberg silver-mines, xxxvi. abs. 37- 

38 ; xxxvii. abs. 2. 
Marine boilers, xxx. 73; plates xiv.-xv. 

— , explosions, xxix. 36, 38, 42 ; xxix. 
94 et ■■<tq. ; plate ix. 

, Shaw, xxvi. 93-101; plates xi. -xii, ; 
xxvii. 9-12. 

— engines, British commercial navy, 
xxiv. 105-127, 250-253, 256-262 ; plates 
xxi.-xxxi. 

Mariotte's law, iii. 74. 

Market value of capital sunk in collieries, 

xxvii. 164-165. 
Markham, G, E. iiaiizdexn nafety-lamp, 

xxxvii. 73. 
— , ■^frurite, xxxvi. 85. 
— , S>i-nn improvt-d chrtrir sajefy-lamp, 

xxxvi. 58. 
M.\RKi.scHER Boiler Inspection 

Society, xxix. .30-31. 
Marl slate, xiv. 31. 

Marles Colliery Company, xxvii. 161. 
Marley, John, vi. 3. 
— , a(lcaiitu<ie-'< of mechanical ventilation, 

xix. 236. 
— , alteration.^ n Institute hye-lan-n, 

xxxviii. 76a-76b, 184, 185. 
— , AuH-sleudfault, xxxiii. 80. 
— , Ba-stier chain-pump, xvi. 133-134. 
— , boiler explosion.'^, viii. 86. 
— , British Association, xii. 19, 91 ; 

xxxviii. 220. 
— , Broadbent safety-cage, xvi. 31, 32. 
— , Calow safety-caye, xvi. 23. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVI H. 



117 



Marley, John, Clevelaiul ironstone, v. 



165-223; vi. 7 
-, coal-rull'niij 
e.t wry. 

119, 120. 

-, coal-mininy, 



8, 9, 10, 

imtchiiic! 



11, li 
xiv. 



187-189. 
105, 116 



if ('afa/oiiin,xxxvi. 117- 
:ii. U9-218. 



, , Wfirora, xxxviii. 169. 

, coal-iraakiiKj ap)iaratus, xv. 64, 65. 

, Coppi'd cok-e-oreii-s, xxii. 109, 156. 

, correJnfion of coal-acxunx. Northern 

Eiuilaml, xxxvii. 124-125, 127-128. 
— , GumhvrhiiKl, codl-fulds, xi. 182 et s^q. 
— . — TAas, xi. 195. 

, rlaiKjcr of' ■■^pfi.rks from pricky.rs and 

ffevimer--!, xxxiii. 11. 
— , death of j\fr. .Jtffcock, xvi. 130. 
— , diamond rock-horiny, xxx. 106. 
— , direct-acfiiig pnmpiiiy ami iinnding- 

tiKjine'i, XV. 31, 35, .38. 
— , discovery of rock salt at Middlesbro', 

xiii. 17-22. 
— , di/iCusKion of papers, xvi. 112, 131. 
— , drainage of miiiex, v. 163. 
— , election of officers, ix. 53. 

— , ■ vice-president , xviii. 85. 

— , eudless-chain and tail-rope^ committee, 

xiv. 114, 115, 134. 
- -, i:n!argt:in('.nt of instil iiti-, xv. 78-79. 

, ex-officio memhtrs of council, xiv, 

7-8. 
— , federation of minimi institutes, xxxvi. 

198-200 ; xxxvii. 166-167, 175 et seq. ; 

xxxviii. 76-76a, 220, 221. 
— , p'nance committee's report, xii. 147- 

148. 
— , f/a-s, Strafford Main colliery, xvii. 59- 

60. 
— , — in metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 

71,72. 
— , (feoloiiy of Border districts, xi. 60, 62, 

63, 189 et seq. 

, (Ireat Northerii. coal-field, x. 78-79. 
— , J/etton safety -lamp ex})eriments, xvii. 

2, 4. 
— , increased number of rice-presidods, 

ix. 255 ; xi. 209, 223 et stq. 
— , Kind-Cluindron boring sysltm, xxi. 14 

et seq. 
— , lead-miiiiiKj districts, xiv. 10, 12, 13, 

14. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xviii. 57-58, 60. 
— , light mineral oils xxxviii. 12. 
— , longic(dl irorking xvi. 108 et seq. 
— , magnetic ironstone, Rosedale Abbey 

district, xix. 193-199. 
— , maniifacfnre of coke, ix. 48 ef seq. 
— , mechanical stoking, xviii. 95-96 et seq. 
— , minimi in mountain limestone, xix. 95, 

103, 104, 106, 107, 111. 
— , yatur(d History Society, agreement 

U'ilh, xii. 41-42. 
— , nen- mining patents, xvii. 63. 
— , observations on safety-cages, xv. 107- 
{\\ et seq., 119-120 ; xvi. 23-26 tt seq. 



Mari.ey, John, papers read, at lirilith 

Association, xxxviii. 47. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. i82a, 182lj. 
— , pillar n-orking, viii. 177. 
— , Plashitis and <!<inonhi<i. coid, xi. 194. 
— , president, election, xxxvii. 220. 

, presidential address, xxxviii. 29-45,46. 
-, printimj of papers in advance, xvi. 

131, 132. 
— , progress of Institute, xxxviii. 220-221. 
— , 2J'>'oposed local meeting, xiv. 8. 
— , — record of sinkings, xiv. 8. 
— , pnhlication of Manchester papers, xiv. 

134 ; XV. 29. 
— , quoted, vi. 15, 19-20 ; vii. 85, 86, 93, 

94; viii. HI; x. 10; xii. 214; xxxv. 

129 ; xxxvii. 4. 
— , rating of coal-mines, xiv. 102, 103. 
— , report of rules committee, xix. 100-101. 
— , revision of rules, xviii. 107, 127. 
— , Rosedale ironstone, vi. 190 ; vii. 93, 

94, 95, 99. 
— , Royal Commission on coal-mines, xvi. 

131. 
— , safety -cage, iii. 225, 2-26 ; xvi. 23 ; 

xvii. 41, 42. 
— , sinking through sand, v. 158. 
— , steam boilers, xviii. 109, 118 et seq. 
— , survey of Flaggy Creek pit-heading, 

xxxviii. 16. 
— , Su^efe electric safety-lamp, xxxviii. 

17, 18, 19. 
— , tail-rope committee's report, xviii. 81. 
— , term of 2)residential office, xvi. 129-130. 
— , thanks members for election as presi- 

dent, xxxviii. 17. 
— , treasurership of E. F. Boyd, xvi. 131. 
— , tuliimi boreholes through quicksands, 

X. 248, 249. 
— , tinderqround conveyance in Cleveland, 

xvi. 93^ 94. 
— , — surveying, xx. 46, 105. 

— •, variations in faulting of coal, xxxviii. 
53, 56, 57-58. 

— , ventilating furnaces, ix. 158. 

— , ventilation of mines, vi. 158-159, 161. 

— , West Cumberland hematite deposits, 

xxviii. 222, 229-230. 
— , toinning of the high main seam at 

Gosforth, xxxviii. 20i, 203. 
— , Wood memorial hall, xvi. 107 ; xix. 

73, 74. 
Marley, J. W., quoted, xxiv. 9-11, 

151-152; xxxvi. 117-118. 
Marley Hill boiler exjdosion, xi. 208-209. 
Marlky Hill Coking Company, quoted, 

ix. 48, 49. 
Marley Hill colliery, diagram of tempera- 
ture curves, iv. 146. 

, engine-plane, xvi. 56. 

, fixed engine, iii. .307-309 : ])lan 

and elevation of engine, facing 318. 
, horses, iii. 265. 

— — — , tail-rope system, xv. 82-88 ; 
plates x.-xi. 



lift 



GENERAL ..vnKX To TRAXSACTTON?. 



Murmoru, Ontnrio, j^oKl-ln'iirin^ vi'ins, 

xxxi. iil)8. 41. 
Miiriuivul ironworks, ImiUr ixplosioii, 

xxxiii. iil)8. 71. 
Miiros river, xxxv. 81, 82. 
Miirpiiigen colliery, section, xxviii. (55. 
M.vKgroisK sciiIch, xx. 78-79. 

M.VKKKCO, I*ROK. A. FKKIKE, illitctioil tif 

iiitlitnunnhl, ijn.sfi, xxvi. 1,S7 ; xxvii. 69, 

70, 'J9.S, -J'M.' 

, exanuniition of uoal-gtiseH, xxv. 41-43. 
— , exniniiialioii.'t, xxiv. 4'2. 
— , gtiJtfM ocelli ivil liy coal, xxii. 2;"), 28, 

130, 131, 135136: xxvi. .37, 38. 

— , quoted, xii. 202 ; xxxvii. 245. 

— , reconliiig wnter-gaiige for pit pur- 
)K)ses, xxviii. 71-73. 

— , w/V/i/-/'""/'< <iiiil shot-tiriiiij, xxiv. 09, 
7<),"l6i9, 170. 

— , some recent experiments with coal- 
dust, xxviii. 85-103 ; plates xvi.-xvii. 
, .vpniititiifoiiH coiiiliiistlon of coed, x.w. 
182-183. 

Maks.vit, .). B., quoted, xxxii. abs. 53. 

-, safety-lamp, xxxii. abs. 16-17 ; xxxiii. 
abs. 39 ; xxxiv. 161-167 ; plate xxiv. ; 
xxxvi. 57, abs. 43; xxxviii. 182a-182b. 

MAK>!hKN, H. R., ciuoted, xxx. 136. 

Marsden bay, xxxiii. 165, 169, 170. 

— colliery, Hurnlej', endless oiiain, 
xvii. aj)]). i. plates xxxiv., xxxvi. 

— — , Durliam, electric lighting plant, 
xxxv. 2.39-240. 

, — , plant, xxxvi. 209. 

, — , seismograph records, xxxvii. 

55 tt seq. ; plates viii.-x. 
Marsh gas, xxii. 25, 27, 28 ; xxvii. 289- 

290. 
, experiments on Pieler spirit-lamp, 

xxxviii. 179-181. 

— — and air, safety-lamp experiments, 
xxxv. 21-23, 25-27, 29-30 ef .ser/. 

—r — in mines, xxix. 173, 174. 
Marshall, Frank, quoted, xxiv. 115, 

124. 
Marshall, F. C, quoted, xxxvi. 143. 
— , Shair marine boiler, xxvi. 99. 
Marshall, W. P. , thanks of Birmingham 

institution, xviii. 150. 
Mak.sh.\ll and Carkett coal-cutting 

machine, xiv. 83-89, 115-116; plate 

Ixxii. 
Marshall Green, coal-seams, xxxvii. 127. 
Marsilly, C. de, quoted, xxvii.264 et seq. 
Martelet, — , visit of in.stitute to 

Denain, xxvii. 263. 
Marten, E. B., boiler accidents, xxix. 

48-49, 51 ; plate ii. 
— , explosions of boilers and other vessels, 

xxxii. 191-199, 200, 216, 219-220; 

plates xxiv.-xxix. 
— , ivfeniaf s/re.s-.s in cyUiulrical and 

spherical dams, xxxii. 22'-'. 
— , quoted, xvi. 140 ; xxviii. 249 ; xxix. 

91. 



MXrtens. Hr. , (juoteil, xxxii. abs. 74. 
Martin, H. F. Xtwaustle water ■•<ii}>piy, 

xxiv. 54-55. 

, publicitv or secrecy of examinations, 

xxiv. :W-42. 
Martin, T. I'., ChiiiIk rland cotd-Hihl, 

xxxii. 367-360; xxxiii. 128-135," 140- 

142. 
Martin's coal-seam, xxiv. 196, 197; xxxi. 

179; xxxiv. 106, 107, 109. 
Maryport coal, xi. 1H6. 

— collieries, xxxiii. 123, 145, 146. 
— furnace, xxxiv. 8!), 90. 

Mask, for breatiiing in noxious gases, 
xxxi. 197 ; plate xxxiii. 

Maskelyne, --, quoted, xxxvii. 113. 

Mason, , nafi'ty-riKjes, xv. 113. 

Masonry, contract prices, xxxiii. 233. 

Massa Maritima mine, carbon dioxiilo in, 
xxxviii. 67. 

Massachusetts coal, xxxv. abs. 40. 

MA.ssiNt!HA.M, W., liijIilniiKj in pit, lIVs^ 
Thnrnley rn/lieri/, xxxiii. 90-92. 

— , quoted, xxxvi. 86. 

Master band coal-seam xxxiii. 122, 141, 
142, 146. 

, section, xxxii. 350. 

Matfen, xxiv. 74, 75, 76, 77, 82. 

Mathadih, Hindostan, sections, xxx. 25. 

Mathematical tletermination of under- 
ground isotherms, xxxiii. 23-29. 

— tlieorj' of Amsler planimeter, xxviii. 
211. 

Mather, Colin, quoted, xiii. 22. 
Mather, Jas., quoted, viii. 138, 166; xv, 

246. 
Mather and Platt, boring macliine, 

xxi. 17 ; xxx. 88, 98, 100. 
-, quoted, xii. 176, 214; xiii. 18. 
— , system <>f boring, xxxviii. 94. 
Matheson colliery, xix. 157. 
Mathet, , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 32. 
Matriculation, xi. 222. 
Matthew, G. F., quoted, xxiii. 175. 
Matthews, G., quoted, xxx. 56. 
Matthews, R. F., Birmingham meeting, 

X. 243 e^ seq. 
— , coal-cuttinii jnachines, xiv. 124, 125. 
— , qas at Strafford Main colliery, xvii. 

lii. 

— , Net ton colliery explosion, ix. 122-123. 

— , safety-cages, x. 96; xv. 117, 118. 

— , spontaneoios comlmstion oj coal, x. 169 

et seq. 
— , fail-rojtes, xv. 90. 
Mathews, Wm., Great Northern co(d- 

Jield, X. 73-74. 
— , quoted, x. 27, 194. 
Mattirolo, E., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 11. 
Matyasovszky, J. VON, (juoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 23. 
Maude, — , quoted, app. iii. 2. 
Maudlin coal-seam, ii. 215-216; iv. 141 

et seq. ; xxxvii. 6, 126, 151-152. 
, gas in, v. 17. 



I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVTIT. 



19 



Maudlin coal-seam, Ryliopo, xxi. 73. 
— , Sealiam coUiei'y, barometer oli- 

servations during sealing up of, xxxii. 

225-316 ; plates xxx.-xxxi. 

, section, v. 119 ; xiii. 77, 20!). 

Maurage coUierj^ Kind-Chaudron Imring 

system, xx. 189, 194-196. 

— pits, flint-masses in, xxi. 13. 
Maurice, A. H., fire-damp indicator, 

xxxvi. 73-76 ; plate xii. 
Maurienne anthracite and lime industries, 

xxxiii. abs. 85. 
Maussier, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 71- 
Max coal-seam, xxviii. 39-40. 
Maxim dynamo, xxxiv. 11. 

— incandescent lamp, xxxiv. 41-42. 
May, George, ,/ee(Zi«(7 of collkry horses, 

xxxii. 161. 
— , Goivrie mines, Gape Breton, xxvi. 61. 
— , haulage exhibits, xxxvi. 123, 218. 
— , iiiclimUioii ofhorekoft's, xxix. 191. 
— , /iifhfiiivg ill pit, Tanfield Moor, xxx. 

36-37, 42-43. 
— , pressure of yas in solid coal, xxx. 259. 
— , quoted, xxiii. 40 ; xxviii. 72, 90 ; 

xxxvi. 123. 
— , safety-hooks, xxix. 217, 219. 
Mayer, J., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 91 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 41 ; xxxvii. abs. 45, 46. 
Maynard, T. C, quoted, 1, 2; ix. 95, 

168. 
Mayo, Lord, quoted, xxxviii. 81. 
Mayor of Newcastle, Mining College, 

iii. 343 et seq. 
Mazarron mining district, xxxiii. abs. 

35. 
Mazenay iron ore, analysis, xxv. 75. 
Mazzuoli, L., quoted, xxxv. abs. 7; 

xxxvii. abs. 2. 
Meadow pit, Wigan, endless-rope, xvii. 

app. i. 134-138 ; plate 1. 
Meadow-vein coal, Pontypool, ix. 43. 
Mealsgate, xxxiii. 122, 123, 125, 131, 

134, 138, 140, 146, 148. 

— collieries, section, xxxii. 356. 
Measure and balls take ironstone, x. 118. 
Measurement uf pumping results, xvii. 

22 ct stq. 

Measures for coal, xv. 186, 230, 258. 

Measuiing depth of shafts, xxxii. abs. 
57. 

Mechanical and nuiiiug engineering, in- 
terdependence of, xxiv. 127. 

— boring machines, xxvii. 52. 

— coal-getter, Haswell collierj', xxxiii. 
37-59 ; plate i. 

— coal-screens, xxvii, 181-182. 

— contrivances in coke manufacture, 
xxvii. 127-128; plates xi.-xiv. 

— conveyance of coals underground, 
general system, iii. 314-318. 

— drilling, xxxi. 141-142. 

, Skelton Park mine, xxxi. 107-110 ; 

plate xiii. 

— drills, xxxii. abs. 43 ; xxxv. 230. 



Mechanical effect of blo\vn-f)ut shots on 
ventilation, xxv. 2;{9-248 ; plates Ixxi.- 
Ixxiv. ; xxvi. 101-107. 
engineers, on council of Institute, xv. 
3, 77-80, 164, 293; letter from, xviii. 
150. 

— motor for electric ligiiting, xxxiv. 57- 
58. 

— slate-picker, xxxviii. abs. 20. 

— stoking, xviii. 38-39, 41-49, 51-55, 86- 
98, 108 et seq. ; xxxvi. 140-141. 

for colliery boilers, xxvii. 205-212 ; 

plates, xxvi. -xxvii. 

— ventilation, xviii. 102, 1.33-137 ; xxv. 
191-192, 195-196. 

, economical advantages, xix. 223- 

237 ; plates xlii.-xliii. 

— ventilators, xxvii. 100-119. 

, joint committee on, xxxvii. 181- 

193. 
, report of committee on, xxx. 273- 

292; plates, xlviii.-lxv. 
3/echa)iics' Magazine, quoted, iii. 217-218. 
Mecklenburg, potassium salts, xxxiv. 

abs. 62. 
Medals presented to rescuers. Hartley 

colliery, xi. 157. 
Medical schools, ii. 75-77, 91-97. 
Medijcott, H. B., quoted, xxxi. abs. 

48 ; xxxiii. abs. 30 ; xxxv. abs. 34 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 11. 
Medomsley colliery, xv. 238. 
Meeting for formation of Institute, i. 

1-2. 
Meetings, admission to, xi. 211-212, 225. 
— , day of, iv. 123, 139, 261 ; v. 64, 227, 

228 ; xi. 225 ; xiv. 136 ; xvi. 127, 132 ; 

xxxi. 49-50. 
— , frequency of, v. 228 ; ix. 3. 

— , joint, 1872, xxi. 113, 157, 221- 
239. 

— , proposed central, xiii. 217 ; xiv. 1, 
8-9, 27, 37. 

— at other centres, ix. 15-16. 
Megalichthys Hibberti, tooth of, ix. l}-'9. 
Meik, — , quoted, xi. 2. 
Meiklejohn coal-cutting machine, 

xxviii. 75-81, 165, lSS-194; plate xv. 
Mein Water, section xi. 86. 
Melaphyre, xxviii. 20 ; section, 65. 
Melgramfitz colliery, xxxiii. 122, 134, 

136, 138. 
Melmerby Scar limestone, xxxvii. 12. 
Mell, Prof. P. H., quoted, xxxi. abt. 

39 ; xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Mello, Rev. J. M., quoted, xxxvi. 62. 
Melly, E. F., anthracite coal. South 

Wales, xxxi. 175-191. 
— , notes on Warwickshire coal-field, 

xxxiii. 151-162. 
Members, arrears, vii. 182 ; xiii. 216. 
--y attendance of, xvi. 42-43. 

— of council, t.i-ojficio, xxxviii. 183-185. 
several Institutes, xxxvi. 170: 

table, 196. 



120 



GENERAL IXDK.V TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Munilaialiip, a«lmiHrtion to, Jit rc<liicc'il 

fucM, xxiii. 6r>. 
— , iiicrcu^c, xxiii. 117, Hi.'<. 

, projKwetl cliaiigu, vii. ISl ; viii. 19; 

xxxviii. p. iii., '^.*0. 

. niU'8, xxvi. i;U, U.S. 141. U>0. 
Meiiioii'8 of (iucejiaeil infiiil>t'r8, viii. 33 ; 

i\. 56, *237 ; xv. 49 ; xxv. ">. 
Meiaurial portrait of Nicholas Wood, 

xiv. 104, 13;-). 

to Home Storetary, ix. N7.89. 
MoiUDi'ials, viii. 73-74. 
Meiuii Straits br dge, viii. 74. 
Moiioiiiiiue range, .Michigan, iron ores, 

xxxvii. alia. 8, 74; xxxviii. abs. 31-32. 
Men/.ki., 1'ai'i,, nuoted, xxxii. abs. 41 ; 

xxxiii. nhs. 15. 
Meral coal-seams, sections, xxxii. 151- 

152. 
Mercury, iv. 91, 94. 

niiiiM, Ahiiailen, xxxviii. abs. 53-54. 

, Monte .-Xiiiiata, xxxviii. abs. 14-15. 

, New .-Vlniaden, xxxviii. ali.s. 8. 

— ore distilling apparatus, xxxii. abs. 50. 

— proiluctioii, xxxvii. aba. 38-39. 

— traps, xxxi. 166-167. 
Merevale, .section, xxxiii. 16".'. 
.Meridian, true, experiments for finding 

iv. 121, 263, 267. 

.Mkricomi.sh Mining Company, xix. 128. 

Mcrionethsiiire, anticlinal, xxxvi. 105 ; 
section, 118. 

— , maganese ore, xxxvi. 103-117 ; plates 
xvi.-xix. 

— , — — , analyses, xxxvi. 114; dia- 
grams, 118. 

— , — production, xxxvi. 115. 

Mkrionethsiiike Manganese Company, 
xxxvi. 115. 

Mekiv.\i.e, Pkuf. J. H., abstract of 
analysis of fire-damp explosions in 
anthracite mines, Pennsylvania, xxxi. 
87-90. 

— , Bainbridye 1887 safety-lamp, xxxvii. 

79- 

— , hreccia gn-shes and tarth shaktx, xxxiii. 

174. 
— , coal-mining. North Formosa, xxxiv. 

77. 
— , correlation of coal-stam-'i, Northern 

England, xxxvii. 23. 
— , electric saftty-lamp irith Schanschieff 

battery, xxxvi. 93. 
— , experiments tvith coal-diUit, xxxiv. 

252, 301. 
— , gauze/ess safety-lamp, xxxvii. 73. 
— , hydranJic drills, Lnmpsey mines, 

xxxvi. 71- 
— , Jefferson boring apparatus, xxx. 85. 
— , lightning in pit, West Thomley 

colliery, xxxiii. 90 ; xxxvi. 49. 
— , mechanicrd coal-gttter, xxxiii. 58. 
— , mining engineers, census, 1S71, xxix. 

103. 
— , Mu&seier safety-lamp, xxix. 154. 



Merivai.k, Trok. J. M., f'i'lir sj)irit. 

lamp, xxxviii. 182, I82a. 
— , prrstrralinn tftiinbir, xxxvii. 244. 

— -, prickfrs and sti mmtrs, xxxiii. 61. 
— , securite, xxxvi. 83. 

— , shrinkitgi (f jinptr, xxxv. 46. 

— , Htt'vl snji/iorls in mints, xxxvii. 244. 
— , Siran tltctric safdy-lump, xxxv. 56- 

57, 62. 
— , - improved electric safety-lam/t, 

xxxvi. 55. 56, 59. 
— , tr.insmission of [>ower by steam, 

xxxv. 159-161, 163 ct sup ; plate xxiii.; 

xxxvi. 13-27, 28. 29. 
— , variations in barometers, xxxiv. 142. 
— , tHiriations infau/ting of coai, xxxviii. 

53-54, 55. 
Merlebach, Alsace, .sinking, xx. 194. 
Merrybeat and Darlington railway, xxi. 

260. 

— limestone, xxi. 267, 268, 269. 

— (piarries, section, xxi. 270 
.Mkrrvweather, Dr., quoted, v. 176. 
Mersey, Morpctli dock, draw bridges, 

xxii. 70. 

— tunnel, xxxv. 227-228, 229. 
Merthyr, xxxi. 177. 

Dare steam coal, tested at Keyham, 
xiv. 49 et sifj. : plates xiii., xv.-xvii. 

Mesa de las Piiias, Rio 'I'into, xxxvii. 30. 

Mesnes colliery, luce, endless-rope, xvii. 
app. i. 140 ; plate li. 

Ml tabief iiorizou, xxv. 63. 

Metal and metal stone, xxxii. 322. 

— band coal-seam, xxxiii. 133. 

— , sections, xxxii. 327, 328, 330, 

332, 333, 335, 348, 349. 

— coal-seam, ii. 275, 277, 278 ; xxxvii. 
abs. 6. 

, Walleend, v. 136. 

— ridges or riggs, ix. 25, 30. 

rolling machine, Simouds, xxxviii. 
abs. 48. 

— segments used in sinking througii 
sand, V. 148, 149. 

— tubbing, V. 48, 53, 58 ; ix. 68 et seq., 
73-74 ; xii. 179. 

, Cinderhill, x. 155. 

Metallic linings for galleries, xxxvi. abs. 
35-36. 

— veins, xxiv. 145, 147, 148 ; xxv. 50. 

— — in cf>al-measures, Upper Silesia, 
xxxiii. abs. i^G. 

Metalliferous deposits, popular errors, 

xxxv. abs. 29. 
, western Pyrenees, xxxvi. abs. 38. 

— mines, outbursts of gas in, xxxviii. J 
59-72. 1 

Metamorphic coal, xxxv. abs. 40. ' 

— strata, xxx. 4, 6, 9 ; sections, 25. 
Metamoi-phism, xxv. 172-173, 174, 175. 

— of coal, xxvi. 29, 30, 42, 43-46, 47, 48 ; 
xxx. 13 ; xxxiv. abs. 37. 

gold-bearing strata, xxxi. 152. 

shale, xxvi. 124, 127. 



VOLI'MES I. TO XXXVIII. 



121 



Metcalfe, J. Stanley, xponldnrmis 
roniliiistioii (if Coal, xxv. 124-125, 127. 

Meteorological oliservations, Seaton col- 
liery, vii. 205-207. 

Methane, from coal, ix. 20, 24 et seq. 

— in mines, xxix. 173, 174- 
Method of coal analysis, xxvii. 214. 
subscription to Mining College, iv. 

31-32. 

workinL', xv, 71, 73 ; xviii. 24-25, 

27, 173-177 ; xix. 83, 122, 130-132, 160, 
161-162. 

— — — coals, xix. 45-46 ; xxii. 145- 
148. 

Meunier-Dollfus, — , (juoted, xxxvi. 

abs. 26. 
Meurchin Colliery Company, xxvii. 

159. 
Meuroey, — , quoted, xxxi. abs. 2. 
Meux's brewery, boring, xxx. 99-100. 
Mexico, gold deposits, xxxv. abs. 10. 
— , iron-ore, xxxiii. abs. 49. 
— , — — , analyses, xxxiii. abs. 49. 
— , Santa Rosa, coals, xxxii. abs. 84. 
— , silver and iron, xxxiii. abs. 24, 

27 ; xxxiv. abs. 25-26, 57. 
Meyer, Ur. E. von, gases occluded by 

coal, xxii. 25, -'8, 130, 131, 135, 136. 
— , ([uoted, xxxv. 10 ; xxx vii. 245. 
Meyer, G., use of iron supports in main 

roads of mines, xxxvii. 135- 1 43 ; 

plates xxx. -xxxii. 
Meyer, Joh., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 50; 

xxxviii. abs. 61, 62. 
— , stone boring machine, xxxiii. abs. 

6. 
Mezzena, E., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 1. 
Micaceous hematite, xxvi. 77, 83. 
, analysis, xxAi. 77. 

— sandstone, iii. 13, 16, 21. 
Micheldever embankment, ix. 58. 
Michigan, coal-field, iv. 133 ; xxv. 155. 
— , iron-ores, xxxvii. abs. 74 ; xxxviii. 

abs. 31. 
Micklam pit, Harrington, viii. 150 ; 

xxxiv. 132. 

, — , fault, xxxii. 352. 

Mickle Fell, section, xi. 138. 

Mickley colliery, coke-ovens, ix. 11, 12, 

49. 

, horses, xxxii. 109. 

Micro-seismograph, xxxvi. 43-44, 86. 

, observations, diagram, xxxvi. 45. 

Mid- and South Northumberland, section, 

xxv. 238. 
Mid-Lincolnshire, iron-ore,analyses, xxxv. 

132. 
, — ■— deposits, xxxv. 130-133. 

— — , geological map, xxxv. 145 ; 
sections, 145. 

, output, xxxv. 133. 

Middle Duffryn colliery, Struvc' ventil- 
ator, xviii. 133. 

— James river, iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. 
61. 



Middle Lias, xxxv. 108. 

, iron-ores, xxxv. 113-124. 

, — , analyses, xxxv. 146. 

— , ironstone, xxiv. 27-28. 

— Miischelkalk, xxviii. 13, 14, 6."). 
Oolite, iron-ores, xxxv. 139-141. 
Rothliegende, xxviii. 15-16, 65. 

Middlesbro', ii. 116. 

— , Ixjring, section, xiii. 19-20. 

-- , borings near, xxxviii. 25. 

— , discovery of rock-salt, xiii. 17-24, 92- 

98. 
— , salt borings, xxxv. 224-225. 

, well-sinking, xxx. 98-99, 106. 
Middlesbro' and Guisbro' railway, v. 

191-192. 

docks, X. 55 ; xv. 233, 239. 

— ironworks, v. 212, 214. 
Middleton-in-Teesdale, xxi. 253 ; section, 

270. 
Midgeholme, coal-seams, xxxvii. 15. 

— colliery, viii. 147, 148. 

Midland Boiler Insurance Company, 

xxix. 24, 25, 92. 
Midland counties, coal-shipments, x. 69, 

70. 
, longwall working, xix. 27 et fteq. ; 

86 et seq. 
Midland Counties Herald, quoted, x. 26. 
Midland Institute of Mining, Civil 

and Mechanical Engineers, xxxvi. 

168 ; tables, 183-184, 195 ; xxxvii. 158 

et seq. 
— , joint committee on mechanical ven- 
tilators, xxxvii. 181-193. 
Midland railway, x. 124, 150. 
Midlothian, coal-field, xi. 127, 128 ; 

section, 124. 
— , Virginia, U. S. A., colliery explosion, 

ii. 29. 
Milford and Pembroke, xxiii. 243. 
Mill Close lead-mine, explosion, xxxviii. 

59-60- 

— Pond coal-seam, xxiv. 179, 183. 
Millbank colliei-y, section, xxxii. 328. 
Miller, --, quoted, xiv. 47. 
Miller, Hugh, quoted, xi. 164, 165, 166, 

168, 169. 
Miller, Robt., dislocations in thill 

and presence of gas in Silkstone seam, 

Strafford Main collieiy, xxv. 23-27, 

104 et seq.; plates ii.-v. 
— , Hick coal-screen, xxi. 295-298; plates 

xlvii.-xlviii. 
— , Jefferson automatic free-falling 

hvdraulic boring apparatus, xxix. 236- 

240 ; plate xlvi. 
— , OKthiirst of tire-damp at Strafford 

jilatn colliery, xvii. 43 tt.ttq. : xvii. 56 

et seq. 
— , ■■<}jo7itaveon-'i conihu.stion of coal, xxv. 

120. 
Milltields boiler explosion, xxxii. 194 ; 

plate xxvi. 
MiLLiDGE, E. G., quoted, xxvii. 213. 



122 



(JEXEHAl. INDKX TO TR \XSACTT0N8. 



Milling, p.ld. xxxi. 165- 172. 

Milium, xxviii. lll'-lU; xxxi. '233, 235. 

— iron-mim'!!, xxxiv. HH. 

MiLUs, M. H., f'rilt rut lull of mining 
insiitiitf.i, xxxvi. 199; xxxvii. 159-173. 
, rrrr/itioH o/ risilors, xxxvi. llnM(>4. 

Mills ami forges, xxiii. 24.'). 

MilKstuiie grit, iii. Gl, 6.') ; x. 98 ; xi. 73, 
74, 102, 11.-); xiii. 94, 95, 172, 179; 
xiv. 44. 70, 71 ; xv. 14 ; xx. 144-145; 
xxi. 254, 255, 262; xxiii. 171-172, 
204-205; xxv. 14S. 151, 169171, 
228-230; xxvi. 49, 50; xxviii. 115; 
sections, 155, 221 ; xxx. 56; .section, 
xxxi. 237 : xxxiii. 127, 136, 137, 143; 
xxxiv. 131, 1.35 ; sections, 136 ; xxxvii. 
3, 4, 6, 7, 15. 125, 127, 12S. 

— — , Cinnljerland, xi. 184. 

, fault, sections, xi. 71, 76; plan, 

74. 

— , outcrop in Midlands, x. lis, 138. 
MillstonLS, xxi. 255. 

Millyeat, suctions, xxviii. 116, 117, 130, 

140. 
Milne, Prof. Jno., quoted, xxxiii. 180, 

182. 
Milner iron band, xxvi. 74. 
Milton Field coal-seam, v. 231, 233. 
.Mimic mine, Colorailo, xxx v. abs. 7. 
Minas (ieraus, Brazil, minerals, xxxiii. 

abs. 21. 
Mine-levelling, practice of, xx. 73-79 ; 

plates xxxi.-xxxii. 101. 

— taxes, xxvii. 41. 

— ventilation, theory, iii. 73. 
Mine-workings, ettects on surface, xxxv. 

abs. 62. 
Mineia tirestone, xxiv. 154-155. 
Mineral and brine springs, xii. 203-204. 

— charcoal, analyses, xxx. 15. 

- excavating machinery, xx. 15!)-162; 
plates xxxvi. -xli. 

— freights, xxvii. 32, 45. 

— imports and exports, Spain, xxxiv. 
abs. 38. 

— - land grants, xxvi. 87-88. 

— oil, iv. 132. 

— — , central Europe, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
, Italy, xxxiv. abs. 64. 

, light, as lubricants for air-com- 
pressing machinery, xxxviii. 3-12. 

- as a lubricant, xxi. 291-294 ; 
xxxviii. 3 12. 

fuel, xxxvi. al .s. 46. 

— — works, xx. 177-183; plates xlix.- 
lii. 

— ore production, iv. 70. 

— phosphates. Tunis, xxxv. abs. 43. 

— production, other than coal, xxiv. 
15-18. 

, British Columbia, xxxvii. abs. 56. 

, Dortmund district, xxxvi. abs. 

39 ; xxxvii. abs. 52-53 ; xxxviii. abs. 

37. 
, Great Britain, table, xxxvi. 197- 



Mineral proiluction, Tyrol, xxxi. abs. 
38. 

products. Now South Wales, xxxviii. 
abs. 61. 

— railway, Somoirostro mines, xxxvii. 
81 -r s,<'j.; plate xx. 

resources, Andaman islands, xxxiv. 
abs. 14. 

— , Afghan frontier, xxxiv. abs. 17. 
, Jimzil, xxxiii. abs. 21. 

, Bulgaria, xxxv. abs. 50. 

, Flintshire and Denljighshiro, xxv. 
81. 100 ; plate xli. 

, Hudson's bay territory, xxxv. abs. 
51. 

— , India, Manipur and Naga hills, 
xxxiii. abs. 24. 

— - , — , Tinnevelly, xxxiv. abs. 15. 

— — , Northumberland, country bit « em 
Rothbury and W'ooler, xxx. 121-1J7 ; 
plates xxvii. -xxviii. ; xxxi. 203-204. 

— — , Nova Scotia, xxxv. abs. 49. 
— , Persia, xxxi. abs. 39. 

— -, Rf>8edale Abl)ey district, xxxii. 
43-53 ; plates viii.-xi. 

, Sicily, xxxiii. abs. 14. 

, Vienne, France, xxxv. abs. 29. 

— rights, xix. 113-114. 

— suiclting works, Germany, xxxii. abs. 
61. 

— spiing, French c ):il - measures, 
analysis, xxxii. abs. 4. 

— springs, xii. 206. 

— statistics, xxxiii. abs. 84. 

, Belgium, xxxviii. ai)s. 57-59. 

, France, xxxi. abs. 34 ; xxxii. abs. 

36 ; xxxiii. abs. 99 ; xxxv. abs. 2. 
— , Germany, xxxviii. abs. 33-34, 

37-38. 

— — , New Zealand, xxxiii. abs. 50. 
, Portugal, xxxii. ^bs. 9. 

-, Russia and Finland, xxxiii. abs. 

34. 

, Saxony, xxxi. abs. 2, 36. 

, Spain, xxxii. abs. 7. 

, Sweden, xxxviii. abs. 46-47. 

— — , United Kingdom, decennial, xxi. 
161-198. 

, Victoria, xxxv. abs. 16. 

— tallow, xxxiv. abs. 78. 

— tar, xxxvi. 39. 

— veins, formation of, xxxiii. abs. 54 ; 
xxxv. abs. 3. 

— influencing temperature, xxxi. 70. 

— wax, xii. 206. 

— wealth of New South Wales, xxxii. 
abs. 83. 

— xones, Triano mountain, xxxiii. 217. 
Minerals, Carinthia, xxxv. abs. 16. 

— , Collingvvood, New Zealand, xxxv. 

183. 
— , New Zealand, xxxiv. abs. 19. 
— , Spain, xxxv. abs. 28, 60. 

— associated with diamonds, Brazil, 
xxxiv. abs. 38. 



VOLI'MES T. TO XXXVTTI. 



123 



Minerals associated with g<)l<l, xxxi. 

If)?, 159, 101, 1G7. 
gypsum, XXX. 59-60. 

— — — hematite, x.xviii. Ill tt neq. ; 
xxxi. 2'26, -228, •2-29. 

— found in eoal-uieasures, xii. 204-207; 
xiii. 219-226. 

Miners, xviii. 180. 
Miners' Advocate, xv. 242. 

— anaimia, xxxii. abs. 52. 

— dwellings, xxviii. 35-36; xxx. 21-22. 

— holidays, xxx. 22-23. 

- hotels, xxvii. 184, ISS. 

— national relief fund, Belgium, xiii. 41, 
57-6S, 103-104, 157-158; xiv. 39-41, 
69-70. 

— new electric safety-lamp, xxxvi. 89- 
93 ; plate xiii. 

— schools, xxix. 107, 108. 

— stretcher, Dujol, xxxiii. abs. 83. 

— union, x. 159. 

— w;iges, xiii. 61, 104, 157-158 ; xxvii. 
46-47, 135, 154-156, 158, 160, 168. 

, Belgium, xiv. 40; xxvii. 178. 

- -—, Bohemia, xxvii. 193. 

— , Germanv, xxvii. 186, 187, 190, 
195, 198, 199^ 

, Northern France, xxvii. 173, 175. 

Mines, abolition of gunpowder, xviii. 25. 

— , accidents in, i. 292. 

— , distribution of air, vi. 163. 

— , earthquakes and fire-damp, xxxviii. 

abs. 18. 
— , Guipuzcoa, xxxv. abs. 59. 
— , heads of enquirj' before committee of 

House of Commons on accidents, i. ^36. 
— , inspection, viii. 21 ; xxxi. 28. 
--, — , France, vi. 54. 
— , inspectors' reports, 1881, xxxii. app. 

15-25. 
— , moisture of air in, xxxviii. abs. 34. 
— , rating of, xxiii. 117-133, 137-141, 

145-152, 154-158. 
— , valuation of, xxiii. 117-141. 
— , vibrations of strata in, xxxii. abs. 60. 

— and works, Almaden, xxxviii. abs. 53. 

- Regulation Act, xxxviii. 41. 
Minimi, New South Wales, vi. 46-48. 
Mining. Arizona, xxxiii. abs. 66. 

— , Belgium, xxxv. abs. 43, 46. 

— , Bolivia, xxxiv. abs. 60. 

— , Bukowina, xxxiv. abs. 51. 

— , Cumberland and Nortli Lancashire, 

history, xxxiv. .^3-124. 
— , gold, xxxi. 163-165. 
— , Greece, xxxv. abs. 8. 
— , Hungary, xxxv. abs. 2(5. 
— , improvements in, xxxiii. abs. 58. 
— , large bo, lies of ore, xxxviii. abs. 30- 

31. 
— , mountain limestone, North of 

England, xviii. 150-151, 163-182; 

idates xlii.-xliv. ; xix. 92-95, 102-111. 
— , New Caledonia, xxxvi. abs. 12. 
— , , nickel, xxxv. abs. 20. 



Mining, Nova Scotia, xxxiv. abs. 74. 

— , Oriental del Uruguay republic, xxxiii. 

abs. 8. 
— , Pennsylvania, waste in, xxxviii. abs. 5. 
— , principal coal-producing districts 

of the Continent, xxvii. 171-201 ; 

plates xxii.-xxv. 
— , Saarbriicken, xxviii. 9-68 ; piatea 

i.-xiv. 

, smelting, etc., Bavaria, xxxii. abs. 

58. 
— , Spain and Portugal, liistory of, 

xxxiii. abs. 47-48. 
— , Transylvania, gold, xxxv. 81; xxxviii. 

abs. 10. 
— , Tyrol, xxxiv. abs. f'3. 
— , Warora, East India, coal, xxxviii. 

77-169. 

— accidents, insurance, xxvii. 43. 
, Prussia, xxvii. 50-52 ; xxxii. abs. 

23-25. 

— and metallurgical science, xxxii. abs. 
33. 

— — milling, cheap, xxxvii. abs. 75- 
76. 

- — sinking, patents, xvii. app. ii. 

24-29 ; plate iii. ; xviii. app. 5 ; xix. 

app. iii. 41 ; xx. app. ii. 10 ; xxi. app. 

ii. 10; xxii. app. ii. 10-12; xxiii. apj). 

ii. 11-13; xxiv. app. ii. 10-12; xxv. 

app. ii. 10-12. 
Mining Association of Great Britain, 

viii. 21 ; xxxvii. 158. 
Mining claims, xxxv. 84-85. 

— coal bv compressed \m\\ xxxiii. 13-18, 
59-60. " 

Mining College, viii. 20, 21; ix. 86-89, 
229-230, 251-252 ; xv. 57-58, 250, 292 ; 
xix. 56 ; XX. 219 ; xxi. 226, 232-234, 
237-238. 

, proceedings as to, vii. 30. 

, proposed, i. 217 '/ n'^., 269; iii. 

56-58, 223-225, 341-:U6 ; iv. 23, 36, 
108 ; ix. 86-89, 229-230, 251-25-J ; xi. 
219-223. 

, I'eport of committee on, vii. 171. 

Mining ci'isis, Belgium, xxxvi. abs. 30. 

— disputes, xxxiv. 89, 95-96. 

— districts. Lake Supei-ior, northern 
shore of, xxiv. 237-249; plates xxxix.-xl. 

, Mazarron, xxxiii. abs. 35. 

, Montana, Butte, xxxiv. abs. 66. 

— — , Runderok, xxxiv. abs. 68. 
, Yauli, xxxiv. abs. 52. 

— engineers, xxi. 244-245 ; xxix. 103. 

— — , course of instruction, xxxviii. pp. v. 
xiii. 

, education of, xxi. 21-46. 

— exhibition, Madrid, xxxiii. abs. 46. 

— ", Newcastle-upon-Tyne, xxxv. 2. 
243. 

— industries, Claiisthal, xxxiv. abs. ^7>. 
, Italy, xxxii. abs. 37. 

, Prussia, xxvii. 25-65, 294-296; xxxi. 

abs. 1 ; xxxii. abs. 70. 



124 



r.FVFT? \T. Txnrx to tr wsatttovs. 



101- 



23. 
26; 



Milling iiidiiRtrieB, Kututia, xxiv. li-'2'2, 
loO-I.VJ ; pliitcs i. -vii. 

, Saxony, xxxi. iibs. "J, ;U). 

— iiui[><!ctoi-ti, XV. •J4(i, '2M. 

iniiile lioiiorury ini-inhers, iv. 2(32 ; 

\vi. I'M) ; xvii. 2. 

repurt.s, iii. .S71 •'{72. 
Milling Iiistitiitu, lihraiy, xxxv. 243. 
.MiMNti In.stiti'tk ok Coknwall, xxxvi. 

IGS ; tahli's, ISJI, 1«).'» ; xxxvii. 158. 
MiNiNci lN.sriTi;Ti: ok Scdtlam), xxxvi. 

HIS; taliKs, 1S7, 19'); xxxvii. 158. 
Milling' iiistiliiles, fi'deration, xxxvi. 

IG7 200 ; xxxvii. 155-179; xxxviii. 42- 

43. 76-7t)«. 

— leases, ii. 239. 
lecturer, iippdintnient of, xxix. 
103. 
lectureship, xxi. 29, .30. 

— inacliinery, xxv. 194-197 ; xxx. 
, iiii|)roveiiients in, xxxi. abs. 

xxxii. al).s. 42-44. 

methods, iininovements in, xxxiii. 
ahs. 58-59. 

|)iitents, xvii. 34-35, 54; xxxi. 151. 

|M>puliiti()ii, iv. 154-05, 70-71- 

— produce, Dortmund, xxxiv. abs. 1, 53; 
xxxv. abs. 38. 

record office, propoosed, 
xii. 35-37. 

— records, xxxii. abs. 3. 

— regulations, xxiv. 1&8-189. 

— — , Belgium, xxxiv. 265-283. 

— returns, iv. 30. 

— schools, xxviii. 33-35 ; xxxvi. 
, Bristol, V. 26. 

, necessity for, ii. 48-49. 

, Prus-ia, xxxviii. abs. 32. 

, Spain, xxxii. abs. 49. 

— science, north of England, x. 0. 

— students, xxvii. 41-42. 

— surveys, iv. 264, 267-270. 

— thei-mometer, xxxi. 68. 
Minneapolis flour mills, explosion, xxviii. 

l.-)9-163. 
Minor pit, Hetton, section, xxx. 167-168. 
Minos dyke, xxviii. 21. 
Miocene beds, xxx. 107, 112. 
- fossils, Formosa, xxxiv. 69-70. 
Mira Bay, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 173, 175, 
189, 191. 

— colliery, xix. 147- 

Mirboo coal, analyses, xxxv. abs. 16. 
MiRC, 1'., (juoted, xxxii. abs. 54. 
Miscellaneous patents, xviii. app. 34 ; 

xix. app. iii. 55-57 ; xx. app. ii. 20-21 ; 

x.xi. app. ii. 18-19 ; xxii. app. ii. 25-27 ; 

xxiii. app. ii. 21-24; xxiv. app. ii. 23- 

27 ; xxv. app. ii. 25-28. 
Mispickel, xxxi. Ibl, 165, 167, 168. 

— veins, xxxi. abs. 41. 

— — , gold yield from, xxxi. abs. 41. 
Mississippi cypress swamps, xi. 171, 174. 

— iron-ore, xxxvii. abs. 6. 
Missouri coal-field, xxv. 156, 157. 



225-226 



abs. 



MiTCUKLl., tIo.sKi'll, f'lileratioii of ininiiK/ 
iii.ttll litis, xxxvii. 172. 

.MiTfiiKM,, S. A., ijuoted, ii. 224. 

.MrrKoiiK, , sliaiii lioilcr.s, xx. 12ii. 

Mixed coals, siiiokelessness of, xiv. 53-54, 
62-63. 

.Mixing of oils for lubricants, xxi. 291- 
293. 

Mixture of forage, xxxii. 68 ef siq., 84- 
86, 112 '7 s.r/. 

Mode of conveying mineral by wire- 
tramway, XX. 3 ; plates i.-xxiv. 

working coal, x. 12-13; xii. 182; 
xviii. 24, 27 ; xxxv. 235-237. 

Kormosan mines, xxxiv. 71, 75. 

— - gold-mines, xxxi, 163-164; 
xxxv. 84, 86, 88. 

ironstone, xxii. 119-120. 

— jet-mines, xxxi. 52, 53. 

— — — manganese-mines, xxxvi. 108, 
110. 

New Zealand coal-mines, xxxv. 

179, 181, 189, 190, 192, 199, 200, 210. 

— salt-mines, xxxvi. abs. 32-33. 

--San I'ietro mines, xxxiv. 153-154. 

Model, clip-jniUey, xvi. 133. 

— , coal disti-ict, ])roposed, ii. 280-283. 

— , hoisting arrangements, xxxviii. abs. 7. 

— , malleable iron beam, xvi. 128. 

— , northern coal-field, jiroposed, iii. 9, 28. 

Models, xxix. 106, 110. 

Modiola crassissima, figured, vi. plate 

iv. facing 34. 
Moelfre mine, xxxvi. 106, 108-109, 112, 

113, 115, 166; section, 118. 
Motlat, geology, viii. 157- 
MoFi'ATT, — , quoted, xxvi. 96. 
Mohjjani colliery, xxxviii. 159. 
Moira coal-field, geology- of, x. 161-162. 

— colliery, systems of working the main 
coal, X. 161-165, 167 ef '<tq. ; xxxii. 
181-190, 221 ; plates xiv.-xxiii. 

Moisture, a cause of combustion of coal, 

xxv. 1.37- 138, 185. 
- in ironstone, xxxii. 45. 

— of air of mines, xxxviii. abs. 34. 
Mokau coal district, xxxv. 182. 

— river coal, analysis, xxxv. 182. 
Mokihinui coal, analysis, xxxv. 188. 

— coal-seams, xxxv. 187-188 ; section, 1S7. 
Mold district, seams, xxv. 94, 95. 
Molecular changes in iron, viii. 15, 16 ; 

xxvii. 54. 
Moliere coal-field, v. 30 ; sections, 31, 35. 
MuNCHOT, Ch., (juoted, xxxiv. abs. 46. 
Moneo et munio, xix. 42. 
Mongonui oil shale, xxxv. ISO, 181. 

— , analysis, xxxv. 180. 
Monkland ironworks, blast-furnace, xx. 

165 ; plate xliii. 
Monkton seam, ii. 278 ; xxxvii. 6. 
Monkwearmouth, ii. 107, 119. 

— colliery, xiii. 96 ; section, 106 ; xxxiii. 
171. 

, bad water, v. 23. 



VOLTTMES I. TO XXXVTll. 



125 



Monkwearmouth colliery, coal v. 15, 
17, 18. 

-- — , explosion, ix. 250-251 ; xi. 1. 

, four-decked cages, xxiii. 40. 

, furnace hai's, xii. 7S. 

, furnace-gases, xii. 25. 

— — , iniiuuuity from gas, iii. 4(5. 

, Jukes firebars, xxvii. 20(5, 210. 

, plan, iv. 140. 

, safety-lanip.s, xxiii. 21, 40. 

, section, xiii. 2u9. 

, surveys, xx. 91-92. 

, tubbing, xi. 17. 

— — , winning, v. 57. 

, workings, iv. 141 et tteq. 

— dock, XV. 237. 
Monmouthshire, coal production, xxxi. 

ISO. 
Monro, — , coke-ovens, ix. 50. 
Mons district, iv. 289, 291, 29?. 
Mont Cenis tunnel, xxxv. 229, 230. 
, artificial ventilation, xxxii. abs. 

39. 
Montagu, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 158, 159, 

161, 162, 164, IBS, 169. 
Monte Amiata, quicksilver, xxxviii. 

abs. 14-15. 

— Catini mine, Tuscany, explosion, 
xxxviii. 64, 69. 

— Massi coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 

— Pulli coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
MoNTEiTH, Jas. S., quoted, viii. 155-156. 
Monterufoli coal-lield, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Montieux colliery iron-cribs, xxxv. abs. 

53. 
Montliot iron-ore, analysis, xxv. 75. 
Montreal and New Glasgow Company, 

xix. 128. 
Montreal and Pictou Company, xix. 

127, 128. 
Montreal mines, xxviii. 114, 130, 131, 141. 
Montreal Minino Company, xxiv. 241. 
Montrichard, S. de, quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 70. 
Montroud geyser, xxxii. abs. 84. 
Moor Banks band coal-seam, section, 

xxxii. 327. 

— pit, Wigan, endless-rope, xvii. app. 
i. 139. 

— Row, xxxiv. 128, 129 ; sections, 
136. 

Moore, — , quoted, xxxiii. 13, 60. 
Moore, C, Middlesbrough salt, xiii. 21. 
Moore, Ralph, education of miuivg 
engineers, xxi. 32-33, 38-40. 

— , pumping machinery at Kinneil iron- 
works, xxi. 159-160; plate xxxii. 

— , quoted, xxix. 201. 215, 234. 
Moore, R. G., quoted, iv. 129. 
Moore, Wm., quoted, viii. 1^7, 197. 
Moorfoot, section, xxxi. 237. 
Moorland seam, xxxvii. 7, 126. 
Moorsley coUierj', furnace-gases, xii. 26. 
, ventilation, vi. 167 et ,ieq. 

— pit, XV. 228. 



Moose river, xxxi. 156. 
Moravia, manganes(!, xxxv. alis. 14. 
Moresby collieries, xxxiv. 106, l(J7, 110. 
Moret' 11 bay district. New South VVale.s, 
vi. 48. 

— colliery, xxxi. 178. 

Morgan, J. de, quoted, xxxvi. aljs. 3. 
Morgan, Wm., Jhirrddou roHicnj ex- 

p/o.sioii, viii. 167. 
MoRiN, Gen., quoted, xxi. 65. 
Morison, D. p., uhs/rartioii of exjilonire 

(jd.sjrom coal-mines, xviii. 153. 
-, Aitkeu coke-ovevs, xxix. 194, 195. 
-, lininhridge safety da in jt, xxiii. 22. 

-, boiler accidents and their prevention. 

xxix. 23-48, 87-99, 100 ; plates vi.- 

xiii. ; XXX. 71-81, 82, 266-267 el seq. ; 

l^lates xiii.-xxii. 
- -, lioivlktr reiiti/atiiKf-fan, xxxi. 239- 

240; xxxii. 29-31, 32, 33, 119, 120; 

plate vii. 
— , coal-dust explosions, xxix. 17-20, 21. 
— , Cooke and (,'itilxd ventilators xxvii. 

104-108, 116-117. 
— , detection of inflammahle r/nst.s, xxvii. 

289, 290. 
— , diamond rock-horing, xxxi. 46. 
— , differential expansire jjumping-enyine, 

xxiii. 12-13. 
— , drift in coal-measures, xiii. 160, 161, 

202. 
— , economical advantages of mechanical 

ventilation, xix. 223-232, 236, 237 ; 

plates xlii.-xliii. 
— , Fowler apparatus for loading and 

unloading pit cages, xxiii. 29-34, 36 et 

seq. ; plates xi.-xiv. 
— , further remarks on the Caisses de 

Prevoyance of Belgium, xiv. 39-41, 69. 
— , Guibal and Waddle ventilators, 

Pelton, xviii. 99-104; plates xvi. -xvii. 
— , Guilial ventilator, Pelton, xvi. 8-9, 

10. 
— , Helton safety damp experiments, xvii. 

2-4. 
— , inclination, of horeho/es, xxix. 71. 
— , Jefferson Jiorin<j apjiaratits, xxx. 84- 

85. 
— , Lemielle rentilalor, xviii. 59, 60. 

— , lightning in pit, Tanfield Moor, xxx. 
41, 42. 

— , longiccdl working, xvi. 109. 
— , Marreco water-gauge, xxviii. 72-73. 
— , mechanical stoking, xviii. 92 el seq. 
— , mineral resources of Xorlhumberland, 

xxx. 126. 
— , national miners' relief funds, Belgium, 

xiii. 57-68, 157, 158 ; xiv. 39-41, 69. 
— , Peniolel and Aquillon's report, xxxi. 

28. 
— , pressure of (/as in solid coal, xxx. 257, 

259. 
— , prevention of boiler accidents, xxviii. 

247-255. 
— , quoted, xxix. 152. 



126 



GKXERAI. IM)1 \ TO TRANSACTIONS. 



MoilINON, 1). 1*. Hntimry ami Cookr ti<j- 
im/iiiiliaitur, xix. "iA. 

— , Ku;o ANi» MKiKi.K.r«>iiN i-iial-cutting 
machine, xxviii. 7.')-Xl, KS8-iy2 tt seq. ; 
plate XV. 

-- , roftt hitii/iK/r, xxix. 74. 

- , mfH!/.h<x>kM, xxix. '2I4.-215, '217-'218, 

•230 rt ^tq. 

, .■<af'tt!/-/inii/i.i, xvii. 2, SS-39; xxix. 154. 
— , SriiMri'T ri'volviiin sninil kcreeu, 

xxviii. ISH-ISS, -208 ; plaUs xxxv.- 

xxxviii. 
— , some rt'cent experinieiits with coiil- 

ilust, xxviii. .^5-103, 15G, 164, 166; 

pltitea xvi.-xvii. 
-, ((ii/-rujje coin III i/f (€'.•« njiort, xviii. 

7«. 

— , iinJeiground conveyance, Pelton, xvi. 
101.10-2, 117-124, 127. 

— , riiitifiilioit ti/ iitliie.i, xx\i. InO. 
MoKisuN, Jas. a. R., siifety-laiup lock, 

xviii. 2. 
MoKist)S, John, danger iitteiiiling use of 

liglu niiniral oils for lubricating air- 

coiupressing machinery, xxxviii. 3-7, 

10, 11-12. 
MoRisoN safety-lamp, xxix. 127, 128 ; 

plate xvii. 
Morley Main colliery, ventilating fans, 

XX vi. 154 et .teq. 

— West End collieries. King safety- 
liook, xxix. "231. 

Morpeth district, coal-aeauis, xxxvii. 7. 
MOKRISON, Jas., ronrtyunce of con/ 

underijroKud, xvi. 90. 
— , con/-ira--<hiu(j apparatus, xv. 12^, 129. 
— , (lirect-actiiii/ pionpiini and icindimj- 

ewjines, xv. l"-23, 124, 126. 
— , eu/urijemeiit of iiisliliite, xv. 293. 
— , f/ft-s at Strafford Main colliery, xvii. 

59. 
— , Hetlon safety-lamp experimentu, xvii. 

61. 
— , manufacture of coke, viii. 124. 
— , quoted, iii. 23 ; viii. 124 ; xii. 214- 

215; xxix. 170; xxxii. 7. 15. 
— , vote of thanks to E. F. Boyd, xix. 57. 
— , Wat-ioii ijill of co/llery pluiif, xvii. 54. 
Mortality among workpeople, xxxiv. 76. 
Mortars, permeability of, xxxviii. abs. 21. 
MuKTiER, - , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 30. 
MuUToN, Chas., quoted, v. 132, 239, 240. 

254, 257, 26S ft scq. 
Morton, Francis, quoted, ix. 50. 
Morton' ejector condenser, xxiii. 165- 

16(5 ; plate xxxiv. 
Morts terrains, xxvii. 171, 174, 276. 
, cover, xxvii. 144, 153, 155, 156, 

157, 158, 159, 160, 161. 
Moscow coal-field, xxiv. 4-7 ; map, xxiv. 

22. 
Moses and Mitchell, \ entilator for coal 

cargoes, xxv. 116. 
Moss-box, Kind-Chaudron borer, xx. 188 

et >>tq. 



Mos-SMAN, S., quoted, ii. 228-230 ; iv. 63 ; 

XV. 67. 
Motive powoi-, xix. 108-109; xxxvi. abs. 

12. 

— — , underground railways, iii. 260-274. 
— , water, xxviii. 173-181. 

Motor, nu'chanical, fm- electric ligliting, 
xxxiv. 57-58. 

— electric lamp, xxxiv. 36-37 ; plate x. 
MoTTE \ entilator, xvi. 60 tt .seq. 

Motz coal-seam, xxviii. 22, 

Moi'LE, Rkv. W., qiuited, xxxvi. 146. 

Moulieres, dislocations of strata, xxxiii. 

aba. 49. 
MouLLE, A., quoted, xxxv. abs. 17. 
Mount mines, xxvii. 136 ; section, 137. 

— Misery, xxxv. 197, 204. 

— Morgan gold deposits, xxxiv. abs. 44. 
mine, xxxv. abs. 26. 

— Osborne colliery, liarnsley, fall ot 
coal at, xvii. 85. 

— Somers, New Zealand, xxxv, 197, 200. 

— Uniacke, xxxi. 153-155, 158, 167 ; 
sections, 154, 173. 

— Viso tunnel, xxxii. aba. 13. 
Mountain limestone, x. 97-98 ; xv. 14, 15 ; 

xxiii. 2LI5 ; xxvi. 49, 50, 51 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 10. 

, Cumberland, xi. 184. 

, ironstone, xiii. 113-114. 

, mining in, xix. 92-95, 102-111. 

, North Northumberland, ix. 185- 

225. 

— — , — of England, mining in, xviii. 
150-151, 163-182 ; plates xlii.-xliv. 

, section, xxxvii. 16-21. 

— — and millstone grit, iioundary 
between, xiv. 43-45, 70-71. 

— mine, Burnley, arching of roof, xviii, 
72, 73, 

Mountains, temperature of interior, xxxi, 

abs. 44. 
Mousell mines, xxxi. 222, 225. 
Movements of earth's crust and issues of 

gases, xxxvi. 43, abs. 43. 
Mow Cop Hill, ii. 235. 
Muckle Howgate coal, ix. 203 ; xxxvii, 

13, 19. 
Mud, volcanic eruptions of, xi. 170. 
MuetHing coal-seam, section, xxviii. 63. 
MuENCH, Huoo, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 56, 
MuESELER safety lamp, i. 308, 317 ; ii. 

52 et seq.; xxix. 114 tt seq., 120-122, 

141 tt seq. : plates xiv., xix., xx., 

xxii. ; xxxii. abs. 62 ; xxxiii. abs, 39 ; 

xxxiv. 165, 166. 

, experiments with, xvii. 18, 19. 

, height of flame-cap, xxxviii. 181. 

Miihlenbacli, xxxv,' 82, 
Miihlgold, xxxv. 86. 
MciRHEAD batteries, xxiv. 165. 
Muirkirk hematite, v. 10. 
Muloaster, W., quoted, viii. 144. 
Mules in \At&, xxxii. 154-155. 
Ml'ller, H., quoted, xxxviii, 67. 



von MKS I. TO XXX VIII. 



127 



Multitubular hollers, viii. 64 ; xxx. 75-76. 

— , I'Xplosion.s, xxix. 8(i, ."W, 90 el neq. 

— safuty-laiui), Howat, xxix. I,'")5 ; 
plate xxiv. 

MuLVANY, Wm. T., international com- 

nuinicatiou through Flushing, xxiv. 

217--33 ; plates, xxx vii. -xxx viii. 
MuNUJ^E, Wm., (luotcd, xxii. I'iS. 
MuNDY, A. M., quoted, X. 127. 
Munich theatre, liglitiug experiments, 

xxxiii. abs. 90. 
MuNROE, H. S., (juoted, xxxi. abs. 13. 
Mi'NSCiiEiD-HrssMANN boriug machine, 

xxxiii. abs. 58. 
Muntz metal, stemmers, xxxiii. 11. 
MuRCHisoN, Sir R., quoted, ix. 54; 

xiii. 215; xxiv. 3, 4, 8, 9 ; xxviii. 137- 

138, 148. 
Murcia, ores of, xxxiii. abs. 16. 
MuRDAY, T. J., apparatus for obtaining 

readings from ilistant indicators, 

xxxvm. il-i6. 
Mure coal-tield, Dauphine, xxxii. abs. "29. 
MuRiiUE, D., quoted, xxxii. abs. 18. 
Murlo coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Murray, A., quoted, xxx. 56, 57. 
Murray and Co., Thos., quoted, xv. 

40 ; xxi. 74. 
Murray creek, xxxv. 187. 
MuRTON, Chas. J., notes on the Tki- 

bouUi coal-field, Caucasus, xxxvii. 89- 

99, 190 ; plates xxii.-xxvii. 



Murton colliery, xii. 180; xv. 2.39. 
— , Low Main seam, xxxvii. 126-127. 

— -, number and cost ot hoisci, xxxii. 
92-93, 107. 

— - , plant, xxxvi. 213. 

, section, xiii. 107 ; xxvii. plate 

xxxviii. 
, steam haulage experiments, v. 81- 

84, 104-105. 

, survey, xx. 92-93. 

, tail-rope system, xvii. app. i. 41- 

53 ; plates viii.-ix. 

— — , tail-ropes, xv. 90. 

, water-level at back of tuliliing, 

xxxiv. 167. 

— — , winning, expense of, v. 148 ; x. 
52. 

— winning, i. 25 ; v. 43. 

, feeders of water, v. 152 el seq. 

Muschelkalk, xxviii. 13-15 ; sections, 

65. 
Muscle bind, iii. 13, 16, 19, 21. 
MuSHET, D., quoted, viii. 118. 
MusHET, K., quoted, viii. 124. 
MusGROVE signal indicator, xix. 24, 25. 
Mussel band, iii. 13, 16, 19, 21. 
Mussooree pliospliates, analyses, xxxiv. 

abs. 76. 
Mussulman labourers, xxx. 21. 
Miithmigs, iv. 77-78. 
Mysore gold-fields, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
Mystery men, xxi. 23. 



N. 



Nab Gill hematite, analysis, xxx. 29. 

vein, xxviii. 110, 119 ; xxxiv. 95 

Naga Hills, minerals xxxiii. abs. 31. 

Nagyag, xxxv. 82. 

Nagyagite, xxxv. 82. 

Naked electric wh-es, xxxiv. 45-46. 

— lights, vi. 205 et -seq. : vii. 13, 34- 
35 ; ix. 20, 30, :,2 ; x. 126, 139, 142-143, 
158, 177 ; xvi. 42 ; xxi. 108. 

, Lundhill colliery, v. 273-274. 

Nakeral mountains, Caucasus, xxxvii. 

89-90. 
Namaqualand copper-deposits, xxxiv. 

abs. 60. 
Namur, iv. 296, 297, 298. 

— coal-basin, xxvii. 145, 146. 

Nancy ironstone basin, xxxiii. abs. 79-80. 
Nauticoke mine, inundation, xxxv. abs. 56. 
Naphtha, Transcaspian, xxxvii. abs. 58- 
60. 

— and its products, xxxiii. abs. 33. 
Narrow bords and long work, x. 130. 

— gauge railways, viii. 77 

— outcrop of Cleveland Main seam, 
xxxv. 114, 125. 

— work, coal-getting machine for, xxiii. 
107 ; plate xxix. 

Nasmytii ventilating fan, v. 260 ; xix. 
plate xiii. 



Nasse, R., quoted, xxxii. abs. 45 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 34. 
Natal, coal, xvii. 78, SO. 
Nationality of miners, xxx. 21. 
Native antimony, xxxv. abs. 24. 

- labour, xxx. 21, 22, 23. 

— mercurj', xxxv. abs. 41. 

Nattriss Gill hazle, xxiv. 134, 139, 141. 
Nature of Antrim iron-ores, xxx. 107- 
110. 

beds, V. 122-123. 

hematite deposits, xxxi. 223-229. 

jet, xxxi. 51-52, 57-58. 

manganese deposits, xxxvi. 104-105. 

strata, xxiv. 183-184. 

Whitehaven coal, xxxii. 366. 

Natural coke, iv. 136 ; xxxiii. abs. 64. 
, analysis, xxxiii. abs. 64. 

— ferric sulphates, Chile, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
~ gas, V. 194, 197 ; xxv. 162, 171-172. 

, America, xxxvii. abs. 57-5S. 

, New York State, xxxviii. abs. 64- 

65. 

and oil, xxxvi. 147. 

Natural History Society, Newcastle, 

agreement with, ix. 141-142, 252 ; xi. 

4-6, 57, 59 ; xii. 41-42. 

- , — , finances, xxv. 1-2. 
— , — , quoted, v. 226. 



128 



GENERAL INDIX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Ntiturnl pita in Belgiuii ctml-iiieasureB, 
xxiii. 07-SO, 9r)-100; pliitos xviii.xxv., 
xxvii. 
ventiltition, x. 12*2. 

, (;x|K>riiiient8, i. 79-><li I3S-I.S9. 

Natz«)iuT coal-Hfiini, Heotion, xxviii. 63. 

Niiurvi'ilerhof, xxviii. '20; Mfctii)ii, Go. 

Niivi^'tition cijllicTV, NixDii ventilator, 
XXX. "274. 

Nttvini's coal (lejKisita, xxxiii. alis. 35. 

Niiworth colliery, xxxiii. 123. 

Neiitli, xxiii. '-'43. 

— valley, xxxi. 177, 179. 
Nehniskii, coiil, xxxv. ul)8. 40. 
Neepsen(lgtt.s\V()rk8, Shetlielil, safety-Iftuip 

tests, xxxvii. 70. 
Nelson, Jas., (•W-j/a^ 'i- " /loil-prn- 

</«<>/■, xxiii. 62. 
— , cijiiiri/iince of' co<il itinlfriiroiiud, xvi. 

90, 91. 
— , muhanical .ifoHinj of xleam-hoi/rrs, 

xviii. 43, 47, 51-55. 
-, Cooke rtiifihtlor, xxvii. 108. 
— , viecfiaiiical ejl'n-t.i of lilon'ii-oiit s/iot.s 

on rmfl/fi/inu, xxvi. 104 e/ tiq. 
— , i'iv>:tii)[U xviii. 4, 84. 

— ,sa/eti/-f(uiijts and shot-Jiriii<i, xxiv. 69. 

— , smoke -confumtrii, xvii. 09-70, 74. 
— , steain-hoi/ers, xviii. 110 ef ferj. 

— , tnU-ro}>f. committee's report, xviii. 78, 

79. 
— , underground haulage at Pelton, xvi. 

117-124. 
— , reufi/ntioii o/ 7tii»e>t, xxvi. 180-181. 
— , vnmliutj-nujini' n-ifh seff-nctiiig «•«?*»- 

nhle e.c/irnisiou, xxvi. 114. 
Nelson, New Zealand, section, xxxv. 220. 
Nent Force level, xiii. 195-196; xviii. 177- 

178. 
Neocomian, xxv. 59-60. 

iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 141-145. 

— ironstone, xxiv. .SO-31. 
Nesham, 1)., quoted, v. 181-182. 

Ness, W., quoted, xxxviii. 98, 165, 167, 

168. 
Nether coal, Moira, x. 163, 164. 
Netherl)}' boring, section, xi. 78. 

— Inch, viii. 141-142. 

Netherton colliery, exhaust steam, xxxvi. 

25, 28-29. 
Nettekoven, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 62. 
Nettlebridge, sections, xxvii. 97. 
Neubert, E. W., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 22, 

41. 
Neunkirchen experiments with coal-dust, 

xxxiv 199-254, 2.t7-308 ; plate xxxviii.; 

xxxvii. abs. 80. 

— coal-seams, section, xxviii. 58. 
Neuropteridium, xxx. 19. 
Neutralization of acid in mine-waters, v. 

21-23. 
Nevada, nickel and cobalt, xxxiv. abs. 

39. 
— , silver-lead deposits, xxxiv. abs. 31. 

— steamer, xviii. 43. 



NeviS xiii. ISO. 

Neversink locomotive, xxxii. 192 ; phitc 

xxiv. 
^eville Hall, occupation by Insiitute. ii. 

3, 13, 4!t, 241. 
New AliiiiuKii, California, quicksilvn 

mines, xxxviii. abs. 8. 

— Hrancepeth colliery, boilers, xxii. 20. 
, engine, xv. 297. 

New Hkitish Ikon Company, iv. 99. 
New Hrilish safit^'-lamp, xxix. 151. 

— Brunswick, antimony, xxxv. abs. 24. 

— — , coals, xxvii. 235-236. 

, geological map, xxx. plate xii. 

- Caledonia, mining statistics, xxxvi. 
abs. 12. 
-, nickel, xxxv. abs. 14, 20. 
, ores, xxxvii. abs. 6S. 

— Campbellton colliery, xix. 157, 160. 

— discoveries applied to coal and coke 
trade, xii. 175-178. 

— explosives, results of, xxxii. abs. 47- 
48. 

— Glasgow district, xix. 127. 

— Hartley colliery, accident, xi. 100, 
143-157; xii. 3-15. 

— - Iserlolin pit, Westphalia, coal-dust 

from, xxxiv. 205 et ■fcq. 

— lease system, suggested, xxv. 97-9S. 

— Mexico, southern mines of, xxxiii. 
abs. 24. 

— railways, xxvii. 43-44. 

— red sandstone, viii. 141, 148; xiii, 44, 
93, 97, 98, 203 ; xv. 16, 17 ; xxxvi. 39- 
41. 

, outcrops, X. 118, 150- 151. 

— , probable extension of northern 

coal-field under, xiii. 87-89, 166, 202- 

203. 

, rock-salt, xiii. 17-24, 92-98. 

, wells in, xxi. 130, 138, 151. 

— safety-cartridge, xxxvi. abs. 25. 

— silver-ore, xxxvi. abs. 41. 

New River Water Company, boring, 

xxx. 95. 
New South Wales, Flaggy Creek pit 

heading, xxxviii. abs. 13-19. 
— , mineral products, xxxvii. 145 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 61. 
— , — wealth, xxxii. abs. 83, 

— Windsor, Marj'land, xxxi. abs. 40. 

— wire-gauze, dangerous, xii. 75. 

— York State, petroleum and natural 
gas, xxxviii. abs. 64-65. 

— Zealand, bituminous coal, xxxii. abs 
84 ; xxxiv. abs. 34 ; xxxv. 177, 178 
179, 180, 181, 187, 188, 190. _ 

, brick and fireclays, xxxv. 192 

203. 
, brown coal, xxxv. 176, 177, 178 

187, 197, 198, 204. 
, coal-mining statistics, xxxv. 213 

215. 
, coal-production and consumption 

diagrams, xxxv. 220. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



129 



New Zealand, glance- coal, xxxv. 177, 197, 

198. 

, gold, xxxv. abs. 59. 

, lignite, xxxv. 176, 177-178, 181. 

, minerals, xxxiii. abs. 50 ; xxxiv. 

abs, 19-20. 
, pitch-coal, xxxv. 176, 177, 18-2, 

186, 207, 209, 210. 
, semi-bituiuinous coal, xxxv. 177, 

183-185, 194-196, 199. 
Newall, R, S., admisxion of 7)iembern <it 

reduced fees, xxiii. 65. 
— , Blanchet syntem of raising coal, xxiii. 

89, 90. 
— , boiler accidents and their prevention, 

XXX. 267. 
— , coal-gas as heat producer, xxiii. 63. 
— , coke mamifacture, xxii. 19, 20. 
— , conveyance of minerals by wire-tram- 

way, XX. 16. 
— , Coppde coke-ovens, xxi. 157- 
— , direct-acting pumping and ivinding- 

enyines, xv. 122 et seq. 
— , experiments with coal-dust, xxviii. 

159, 163. 
— , Fowler hydraulic winding gear, xxiii. 

39. 
— , geology of Redesdcde district, xxiii. 

41, 44. 
— , Gowrie mines. Cape Breton, xxvi. 62. 
— , Kind-Chaudron boring system, xxi. 

18. 
— , incorporation of Institute, xxii. 2. 
— , investment of Institute funds, xxiii. 

163. 
— , little limestone, xxiv. 80, 83. 
— , machines loorked by compressed, air, 

xxii. 20-21, 22. 
— , Morton ejector condenser, xxiii. 166. 
— , natural pits, Belgium, xxiii. 74, 79, 80. 
— , Newcastle water supply, xxiv. 49-53, 

54, 56, 59, 90, 94, 95. 
— , Perkins engine, xxix. 51. 
— , presidential address of John Daglish, 

xxxv. 244. 
- , printing of papers in advance, xvi. 

131-132. 
— , prizes for papers, xxii. 2. 
— , publication of Watson borings, xxiii. 

164. 
— , reprinting of transactions, xxi. 288. 
— , smoke-consumers, xvii. 63, 68-6'.l, 74 et 

seq. 
— , sjiontaneous combustion of coal, xxv. 

186-187. 
- , steam boilert, xx. 63, 120 et seq. 

, underground surveying, xx. 106, 108- 

109, 111. 
— , steel vviro-ropes, experiments with, 

viii. 17. 
— , Wood memorial hall, xvii. 31. 
Newbattle colliery, Dalkeith, air-com- 
pressing machinery, xxxviii. 4-5 et seq. 
Newberry, Prof., quoted, xxviii. 144, 

148. 



Newbiggin stone coal, xxxvii. 7. 
Newbottle colliery, cx|)lo8iou and stand- 
ing fire, XV. 99 102, 144-145; plate 

xii. 

, (jluil)al fan, xxvii. 107. 

, safety-cage, xvii. 114. 

, section, xxxvii. plate xl. 

Newljrough, xxiv. 137, 138. 

Newburn, pumpiug-engine, xxi. f)2, 93, 

118. 
Newcastle, ii, 105, 121. 
— , British Association meeting, xxxviii. 

47, 220. 
— , coal-field, xxxiii. 126, 127. 

— , , geology, xxxiii. abs. 14-15. 

— , , section, xi. 114. 

— , corporation horses, xxxii. 110, 111, 

173. 
— , 1887 exhibition, xxxv. 244 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 1 ; xxxviii. abs. 24. 
— , New South Wales, coal, xxxv. 191. 
— , , coal nodules from, xxxvii. 

145-150; plates xxxiii. -xxxvi. 

— , , niaj) of, vi. 27, 30-33. 

— , water supply, xxviii. 173, 180. 

— , , projects for, xxiv. 49-60, 85-95; 

plates xiii., xvi. -xvii. 

— and Carlisle railway, xv. 237 ; xxxvi. 
134. 

Darlington railway, xv. 242. 

Newcastle and Gateshead Water 

Company, xxiv. 49, 50, 57-58. 
Newcastle Journal, Matt. Dunn's letter 

to, iv. 43-44. 
Newcastle Magazine, extract, xxv. 191- 

192. 

— pits, Nottinghamshire, x. 150. 
Newchurch collieries, endless chain, xv. 

91 ; xvii. app. i. plates xiii.-xv. 

, McGill disconnecting hook, xix. 

app. i. 17. 

, Owen safety-cage, xix. app. i. 4. 

Newcomen CTigine, viii. 38-40. 

, northern coal-field, xix. 208. 

Newfield colliery, xv. 262. 

, workings, x. 163-164. 

, — , diagram of gate road, facing, 

X. 164. 

, — , plan, X. facing 161. 

Newfoundland, xxx. 54, 56, 57. 

— , coal-measures and lower carbonif- 
erous, xxiii. 167-176 ; plate xxxv. 

Newlands, Jas., quoted, xxi. 154. 

Newlauds copper-mines, xxxiv. 116, 118- 
119. 

— furnace, xxxiv. 91. 

-- lead-mines, xxxiv. 122. 

Newport, Monmouthshire, xxiii. 235-2.36. 

— ironworks, stairgratc furnaces, xix. 
08. 

Newsliain colliery, endless-rope, xvii. 
app. i. 108-111 ; plates xliii.-xliv. 

, section, xiii. 209. 

Newton, W., quoted, xxxiii. 82, S3. 
Newton borings, section, xiii. 77, 78. 

9 



130 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Ni'wtnii Cup colUi'iy, HiiHtitT chiiiii 
piiini., XV. 124, 139, "l')!. 

— — , Hroiullioiit safety -cage, xix. 
app. i. 7, '~2. 

— - — , expansive puinpingeiiginc, 
xxiii. 3, (J ; plate iv. 

, longwall working, xvi. 4_', 4')- 

47 ; plate ix. 109. 
, pumping engines, xv. 121 )t 

«tq., 131. 133. 

— St. Loe, .section, xxvii. 97. 

— Undeiwooil coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Newtown liill, xx\i. 127. 

Niagara Kalis, xi. 1(54; xxv. 167-168. 
Nice, earlluiuake, xxxvii. M. 
Nichols, Knw., (juoted, xxxiii. ahs. 23. 
Nii'miL.s()N, Frank, <iuoteil, xxxiii. abs. 

26. 
Nu'HOLSON, Geo., liijhtniutj in pit, Tmi- 

jiild Moor, XXX. 35. 
N111101.S0N, Dk. H. a., Lake Superior 

mining region, xxiv. 237 249. 
NitiioiJSON, Walt., linnoddit o.Hcrj/ 

i.r/i/osioii, viii. 163. 
Nicholson and Uirns, (juoteil, xxxi\. 

Si), 90. 
Nickel and cobalt, Nevada, xxxiv. abs. 39. 

— mining, xxxv. abs. 14, 20-31. 

— ore, annual production, xxi. 186, 196. 

— sulphuret, in coal-beds, xii. 206. 
Nickiiig machine, Burnett, xxxiv. 193- 

198 ; plate xxxvii. ; xxxv. 97-101. 
NicKLLs, Rem-:, (juoted, xxxvii. abs. 86. 
Nictaux, Nova Scotia, xiv. 19, 20, 21, 22 ; 

xxxi. 152, 153. 

— , , ironworks, xxvi. 73, 75. 

Niederlausitz borehole, xxvii. 38. 

Niggerliead coal, xxxiii. abs. 23. 

Ni(iiiTCAPs Coal Company, xxxv. 208. 

Nightsmen, Moira, xxxii. 184. 

Nile deposits, xi. 164. 

Nine foot antiiracite seam, xxxi. 189. 

— yard limestone, xxxvii. 13, 18. 
Nineteenth century, coal-mining, xv. 

215-265. 
Ninety fathom dyke, ii. 108, 266 ; v. 118- 
119, 121; viii'. 104-105, 148; ix. 24, 
196; x. 45-46; xi. 103, 104; xii. 155- 
156; xviii. 168. 

— — — , Gosforth, winning of coal 
south and north of, xxxviii. 189-203. 

Nipigon group, xxiv. 239-240. 
Nips-out, xxxii. 351 ; xxxviii. 53 et seq. 
in ?oal-bcaring strata, xxxiii. 124- 

125, 1.36-1.37, 139-140. 
Nitrogen, destructive powers of, ii. 6. 
Nitrogenous food for horses, xxxii. 67 

e/ Nffi., 164 f;t seq. 
Nitro-glycerine, xv. 287 ; xxxvi. 84, 85. 
Nitrous oxide, from explosives, xxxvi. 

84. 
Nixon ventilator, xix. 226 ; plate xliii. ; 

XXX. 274. 
, Deep DuflFryn, xxx. 280-282; 

plates liii.-lvii. 



Nixon's navigation coal, experiments, 

Key ham, xiv. 58, 59. 
Nixon-Stuuvi'; ventilator, xxvi. 163. 
Nobby island, section, vi. 31, 32. 
NoiiLKiMAlUiO, , quoted, xxxvi. 36, 39. 
Nodosus limestone, xxviii., 13, 15, 65. 
Nodules, basalt, xxx. 108, 110; ti.ures, 

113. 
— , from borehole coal-seam, New Soutli 

Wales, xxxvii. 145-150; plates xxxiii. - 

xxxvi. 
—, iron-stone, xxxv. 110, 120, 122, 1.30- 

131, 1.37, 143-144. 
— , — , analy.si8, xxxv. 112. , 

Noeux colliery explosion, xxxv. abs. 54- 1 

56. 
NoouKS, A. F., quoted, xxxv. abs. 35- 

61. 
Noidans-Calf, Count i>e, quoted, xxxiii. 

bs. 27. 
Nolten, G., iiidiiKition of (huitati-Atlolpli 

l)ort'ho/p, xxix. 189. 

— , (juotcd, xxix. 61. 
Non-condensing engines, xv. 37. 
Non-conducting coverings for boilers and 

steam-pipes, xxxii. 35-41 ; xxix. 7-8 

et seq. 
— — steam-pipes, comparative i 

efficiency of, xxxi. 77-85. ' 

Non-conductor of heat, magnesium 

carbonate, xxxvi. abs. 42. 
Non-tnenibers, admi.ssion of, viii. 19-20, 

85. 
Nonnweiler, section, xxviii. 65. 
Nord (lu Bois de Boussu, Lemielle venti- 
lator, xvi. 73-79 ; plate xiv. 
Nordstern Voerendael boring, xxvi. 23, 

24 ; section, 21. 
Norley colliery, Owen safety-cage, xix. 

app. i. 5. 

— — , tail-ropes, xv. 89. 

Normal flame in safety-lamps, xxxv. 7-8. 
Norman coal-workings 1180, xv. 176-177. 
Normanby, xiii. 128; xxxv. 115. 

— colliery, ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 
et seq. 

— ironstone mines, Vil'epigue perforator, 
XX. 67. 

— mines, v. 194. 

North, F, W., quoted, xix. app. i. 6 ; 

xxxvii. 92. a 

North, Ro(4ER, quoted, xv. 195. T 

North, Thos., quoted, x. 149, 150, 152. 
North America, anthracite coal-region, 

xiii. 25-40, 99-103, 157, 162-166,202. 

— American coal districts, ii. 224. 
oil, future of, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

— r.iddick pit, ii. 263-264. 

— r.ohemia, lignite mines, xxxii. abs. 
29-30. 

— Brancepeth colliery, ventilator, xxvii. 
102, 104. 

— Carolina, coal-fields, xxxv. abs. 25. 
, gold, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

— China, coa! mines, xv. 72-73 



I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



181 



North-east Coast Institution of 

EnGINEKRS and SlIIl'lUIILIiKRS, XXXV. 

242. 

North-eastern coast, river and harbour 

bais, ii. 126. 
railway, traliic, xii. 173. 

— Elswick colliery, plant, xxxvi. 206. 

— Gawber colliery, miner's dial, xx. 25. 
North Gkrman Boiler Inspection 

Sot'iETV, xxix. 33-H4. 
North Head coal-seam. xxiv. 178, 183 194. 

— Hetton colliery, xv, 226, 227, 228, 
233, 253. 

, furnace-gases, xii. 26. 

, tail-rope system, xvii. app. i. 

7-12 ; plate i. 

North Hetton Company, quoted, iii. 
app. 2. 

North Northumberland, mountain lime- 
stone, ix. 185-225. 

, section, xxv. 238. 

— of England, carboniferous rocks, xxvi. 
48-52. 

— — — , coal-field, x. 41. 
, coals, gases in, xxii. 27-28. 

— , correlation of coal - seams, 

xxxvii. 3-25, 123, 128 ; plate i. 

, iron manufacture, xiv. 27-28. 

, lead-mining districts, xiii. 187- 

199 ; xiv. 9-14. 
, mining in mountain limestone, 

xviii. 150-151, 163-182; plates xlii.-xliv. 
, pitmen, superiority of, v. 12-13. 

— — France, coal basin, section through, 
xxvii. plate xxviii. 

, coal-tield, xxvii. 143-169, 249- 

252; plates xviii. -xxi. ; xxxiv. abs. 26-28. 
, earthquakes, xxxv. a])s. 34-35. 

— Saskatchewan lignites, xxvii. 237. 
— , analyses, xxvii. 238. 

— river, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 76. 

— Seaton, ii. 276. 

colliery, horses, xxxii. 109. 

, plant, xxxvi. 206. 

— , section, xiii. 209. 

— — — , — from Oughton boring to, 
facing xiii. 208. 

— Shields, ballast hill, electric wires, 
XXX. 44 ; xxxiii. 89. 

, hygrometric observations, xxxiv. 

179. 

— Shore, Lake Superior, xxiv. 237. 
• — Skelton pit, xxxv. 114. 

— Spanish coal-fields, xxxiv. abs. 36-37- 

— Staffordshire, coal-tield, ma]), ii. 234. 
, coal-sean)s, xxxi. 145-146. 

, firfe-damp, xxix. 141-142. 

North Staffordsiiirio Institute of 

MiNiN(i ANu Mechanical Engineers, 

xxix. 101-102 ; xxxvii. 158. 
North Staffordshire, mines, coal-dust, 

xxviii. 158-159. 

— Sunderland, iii. 24. 

— — , limestone, xxxiii. 72, 74-77 ; 
sections, 75. 



North Sunderland [)oint, xxxiii. 69, 74, 
77. 

quarry, xxxiii. 74-75 ; sections, 75, 
79. 

— Tyne district, xi. 61, 6;i 

— Wales, coal-field, map, xix. plate xix. 

— , wicket system, xxxi. 17-18; 
plate vii. 

-— West Territory, coals, xxvii. 2.'{6-'i41. 

— western France, section, xxv. 77, 78. 

— Yorkshire, caiboniferous limestone, 
xxi. 251-270; plates xxxiv. -xii. 

, iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 124-130; 

general section, xxxv. 145. 
Northampton, boring, xxx. 96. 
— , iron-ores, xxiv. 29. 

— sands, xxiv. 24, 28, 30 ; xxxv. 135. 
Northamptonshire, iron - ore deposits, 

xxxv. 135-139. 

— , , analyses, xxxv. 138-139. 

— , , detailed sections, xxxv. 145. 

— -, — , general section, xxxv. 145. 

— , , geological map, xxxv. 145. 

— , , output, xxx\ . 139. 

Northei'n coal-field, duration of, xii. 197. 
— , economic uses ami early history 

of coal and coke, xiii. 46-48. 
— , extent and duration, ii. 103 ; 

iii. 4 e,t -leq. 
-, geological description, xii. 

153-158. 

, geology, xiii. 42-46. 

, probable extension, xiii. 87-89, 

166, 202-203. 
Northern Coal-mining Company, xv. 

237. 
Northern coal tiade, chronicles of, xv. 

175-281 ; xvi. 5-6. 

— end of Bristol coal-field, x. 97-104, 113 
ef scq. 

— Europe, communication through 
Flushing, xxiv. 217-233; plates 
xxxvii. -xxxviii. 

Northumberland, carboniferous lime- 
stone, ix. 186 ; xxviii. 3-7. 

Northumberland, Duke of, letter, iv. 
109. 

— , quoted, vi. 200-201 ; ix. 230 ; xi. 
220, 221. 

Northumberland, si)Uth, great and four 
fathom limestone and associated beds, 
xxiv. 133-150 ; plates xxxii.-xxxiii. 

— and Durham, glaciation of, xiii. 166, 
169-185, 202. 

, upper and lower beds of coal, 

xi. 101-138. 

central railway, xxx. 121, 127. 
- coal, quality, ii. 201. 
dock, ix. 243 ; xii. 12. 
lakes, water-supply for Newcastle, 
xxiv. 56, 85-95 ; plates xvi. -xvii. 
limestones, xxv. 46-58 ; plate xxxviii. ; 
xxviii. 3. 

— — , larger divisions of carboniferous 
system, xxv. 225-237 ; plate Ixx 



132 



CJENKKAI. INDKX TO TUANSACTIONS. 



Nurthuinbvrlikiul ore, iv. r»8, ;'>}>. 
Norton iroiiworkN, v. '213. 
Xorwiiv, goM. xxxiv. iilw. 40. 

limber' teateil. xxxvii. '2*JM, 'J.'iO, 'J.Sl 

NorwiMxl colliery, xiii. T21'.l ; section, 
73. 

, ventilation experiments, i. 127-128. 

Nostitz coal-Hcaiii, section, xxviii. 61. 
Ni>TH, J., (luoted, xxxiv. aba. 64 ; xxxv. 

aba. 65. 
Notomoa clavata, figured, vi. 3r> ; plate 

iv. 
Nottingham canal, x. 121, 123, \50, 153. 

— colliery, U.S.A., xxxviii. aba. G. 

Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, coal- 
fields, X. maps facing 117, 150; 
section facing 119. 

— — , longwall working, x. 127 131, 
137 et seq. 

— — — , progress of mining, x. 117-127, 
137 et -teq. 

Nova Scotia, coal-fields, xi. 124 ; xix. 

113-168; plates XXV.. XXX. 

, coke, analysis, xxvi. 79. 

, collieries, Pictou, analysis of water, 

xxix. 55-56. 

, geological map, xiv. facing 15. 

, gold-helds, xxxi. 151-172 ; plates 

xxii. -xxviii. 

— — , granite, xxxi. 152, 153. 

• gypsum, XXX. 53-68 ; plate xii. 

, iron-mines and manufacture, xiv. 

15-25, 91-92. 

, iron-ores, xxvi. 71-89; plates viii.-x. 

, limestones, analyses, xxvi. 87. 

, mineral production, xxxii. abs. 84. 

, minerals, xxxv. abs. 49-50. 

, mining statistics, xxxiv. abs. 74. 

, pit waters, xxix. 53-57. 



Nova Scotia colliery, xix. 125, 126. 
Nugget loile, xxxi.' 158; section, 173. 
Number of blii.st furnaces, Northumber- 
land and Durham, xiii. 124, 148. 
and collieries, ii. 195 ; xiii. 2!>, 

32; xxiii. 201. 
— mills and forges, xxiii. 

245. 

puildling furnaces, xiii. 151. 

furnaces in South Durham, v. 215, 

216. 

members, x. 3. 

, increased, xxi. 158. 

miners, North France, xxvii. 154 j 

el seq. * 

mines, France, vi. 55-56, 58, 63. 

New Zealand coal-mines, xxxv. 

210211. 
pits, France, Belgium and Prussia, 

iv. 289, 290, 292. 
Prussian collieries, xxvii. 33, 30, 

37, 40. 
miners, xxvii. 33 et wq. 

— — railways. United Kingflom, i\ 
61. 

ships. United Kingdom, vi. 107. 

— — workpeople, East Somersetshire 
coal-field, iv. 200. 

, foreign mines, xxxi. abs. 1, 2, 

3, 4, 5, 16. 

, Warora colliery, xxxviii. 137. 

Nuneaton Common, section, xxxiii. 162. 
Nunnei'j' colliery, Sheffield, Bainbridge 

lubricator, xxv. 220. 
, — , coking experiments, xxii. 99- 

101. 
Nut coal, xiii. 28, 33. 
Nutbrook pit, explosions, x. 126. 
Nuthall pit, x. 150. 
Nystrom rack and pinion, xxi. 272-273. 



Oak, carbonization of, xxxvi. abs. 1. 

Oaken spades, xxxiv. 87-88, 93. 

Oakenshaw colliery, xv. 249. 

— — , Vickers furnace, xviii. 109. 

Oaks colliery, explosions, xxv. 29-38, 142- 

144 ; plates vi. -xxxvii. 

, gas, xviii. 159. 

, Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 

Oakshaw colliery, section, xi. 70. 
Oakwellgate colliery, xv. 239. 
Oakwood coal, xxiv. 75 ; xxxvii. 12. 
Oatlands, xxxiii. 123, 124, 134, 139, 148; 

section, 148. 
Obach tramway system, xxxv. ab.s. 70. 
Objects of Institute, i. 13-15; x. 3-4; 

xxxviii. 45. 
Oblong coke-ovens, viii. 117. 
Obokh, geology of, xxxvi. abs. !). 
Observations of underground tempeia- 

ture, taldes, xxxi. 60, 63, 65, 68. 
water, xxxiii. abs. 86. 



Obstacles to electric haulage, xxxv. 239. 
Occlusion of gases by coal, xxii. 25-29, 

129-133, 135-137. 

various coals, xxvi. 35-38. 

inflammable gas, xvii. 107. 

Occurrence of anthracite, xxxi. 177-179. 
auriferous quartz, xxxi. 153, 154, 

156, 157, 158. 
coal, New Zealand, xxxv. 176, 177-. 

178. 

, Bristol district, xxxv. 93. 

gold, Transylvania, xxxv. 81-82. 

gvpsum, Nova Scotian, jcxx. 53, 

54, b1, 59. 

iron ores, xxx. 107-110. 

jet, xxxi. 51, 52, 54. 

lead, xxiv. 145, 147, 148. 

— — manganese-ore, Merioneth.sliiie, 

xxxvi. 103-117 ; plates xvi.-xix. 

metallic veins, xviii. 151. 

minerals, xxv. 81-84, 86-91. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



188 



Occurrence of ores, vi. 0-10, 11, 18S, 191- 
196 ; xviii. 165, 166. 

Ochre, Sardinia, xxxiv. 147-149, LW, 157. 

Ochros, annual production, xxi, 174, 184, 
194. 

Oekinu, H. L., quoted, xxxvii. aba. 9. 

Oeliieim petroleum, xxxii. abs. 58, 78-79. 

Oesterreichische Correspondenz, quoted, 
iv. 88. 

Oexle, — , Wolf .safety -lamp, xxxiv. 295. 

Oeynhausen salt boring, xxvii. 40. 

OlFenbanya, xxxv. 82, 9'2. 

Officers, election, iv. 262 ; xii. 92. 

— , nomination, xiv. 105, 1H6. 

— , re-election, vi. 197-198, 200. 

Offord, James, liijlitninq in pit, Tan- 
field Moor, XXX. 32. 

Ogassa, coal-measures, xxxvi. 33, 34-36. 

— , limestones, xxxvi. 37. 

OoDEN, Heth, quoted, xxxix. 228. 

Ogden, John M., quoted, ix. 89. 

— , shrinkage of paper, xxxv. 45, 46. 

— , underground locomotives, ix. 89. 
Ogilvie oil, xxxvii. 72. 

Ohio coal-measures, section, xxv. 163- 
165. 

— river barges, xxv. 174. 

Oil, central Europe, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
— , North America, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

— and ammoniacal liquors, extraction, 
coke manufacture, xxix. 81-85, 192-197; 
plate v. 

— — coal-measures, production, U.S. 
America, xxv. 101, 145-175 ; plates 
xliii.-lxix. ; xxvi. 11, 28-31. 

— coal, xix. 124 ; xxii. 142. 

— consumption, safetv-lamps, xxxv. 
15-18. 

— enclosed in chamber near axle, system 
of lubrication, xxv. 216, 219-221 ; 
plates Ixiv.-lxvii. 

— industrj', Oelheim, xxxii. abs. 78-79. 

— on safety-lamp gauze, xii. 72 et seq. ; 
XV. 144-145 ; xvi. 91 ; xvii. 5 et aeq. 

— regions of Pennsylvania, xxv. 158-162. 

— shales, xix. 78, 80, 136 ; xx. 135, 136 ; 
xxxii. abs. 5. 

Oilworks, mineral, xx. 177-183 ; plates 

xlix.-1'i. 
Oily coal-dust, xxxiv^ 252. 
Old Durham colliery, section, xiii. 79. 

— five quarter coal, ii. 142-143. 

— Huttun mines, xxxv. 116, 117 ; 
sections, 145. 

— lead workings, xxvii. 22. 

— Mill pit, Hartley, xii. 4. 

— riessy pit, cost of working, xxxviii. 
202. 

— red sandstone, xi. 06-68, 121, 122-123, 
126; xii. 89; xiii. 43, 44, 202, 203; 
XV. 14 ; xxiii. 205. 

— Risehow colliery, fault, xxxii. 352. 

— slag-heaps, xxxiv. 84. 

— workings, outbursts of gas from, xxxi. 
12-13. 



Oldbury and West, I'.romwich fault, x. 

196. 
Oluj£AM, R. D., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 31. 
Oldham, coal-seams, xv. 14. 

, diamond rock-l>oring near, xxxi. 44. 
— , excursion to, xiv. 1 1 1, 112. 
Oliver, William, quoted, xii. 149. 
Olry, — , quoted, xxxii. al)S. 57. 
Ontario colliery, xxiv. 203-204. 
Oolitic brown ore, xxv. 61 et seq. 

— formation, xiii. 99, 100, 103, 157, 165. 
structure, xxiv. 24, 25. 

Open Iniriung coke-ovens, ex])orinients, 
viii. 117, 129. 

— running fans, defects of, xix. 7-8. 

— topped tubbing, burst by gas blower 
xxi. 19. 

Opencast working.s, Huelva mines, xxxvii. 

36-39, 46. 
Opencuts, xxxviii. 134, 135 ; sections, 

155. 
Opening bridges, different systems, xxii. 

61-72, 152 ; plates xv.-xix., xxxvi. 
Opliir mill, xxxi. 166. 
O'Kegan, — , wioke-consumingapparatuM, 

xi. 212. 
Orbicula affiiiis, figured, vi. 35 ; plate iv. 
Orbo colliery, xxxvi. 118, 119, 120. 
Orconera incline, xxxiii. 222-223. 

— railway, xxxiii. 227-228. 

Ord, John, Uyhtniny at Kimblesworth 

colliery, xxx. 130. 
Okd, J. W., quoted, v. 183, 217-218. 
Ordnance maps and sections, ix. 54. 
Ore-bearing rucks, Attica, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Ore-deposits, classitication, xxxiv. abs. 

66. 
, Kitzbiihel, Tyrol, xxxi. abs. 37- 

— — , Leadville, Colorado, xxxiii. abs. 
104 ; xxxv. abs. 7. 

Ore dressing with air-blast, xxxvi. abs. 

22-23. 
aii'-jigs, xxxvi. abs. 20-22. 

— production, xxv. 91, 92, 93. 

— rolls, dressing in position, xxxviii. 
abs. 12. 

— seeking by compass, xxxiv. abs. 35. 

— sorting, xxxvii. abs. 64-65. 

— washing, settling ponds, xxxviii. abs. 
12. 

Orepuke coal district, xxxv. 209. 

— — — , bituminous shale, analysis, 
xxxv. 209. 

, coal, analyses, xxxv. 209. 

Ores, xxiv. 239 et seq. 

— , New Caledonia, xxxvii. abs. 68. 

— , occuiTence in North of England lead- 
mining districts, xviii. 165 tt ^q. 
-, treatment of, xxx. 135-148 ; plates 
xxx. -xxxvii. 

Organic deposits in a coal-pit, xxxiv. abs. 

— remains. Great Northern coal-field, xii. 
207. 

Orgrave, iron-mines, xxxiv. 85. 



184 



CENKKAL INDEX TO TRANSACTION'S 



Oii^jin, Antrim iruii-uri' <li'|Mi8it«, xxx. 

IIU ll-.>. 

. CM Mil, iv. I.T2; viii. »:> lOG ; ix. IS7; 

xxxiv. iilw. II) ; xxxvii. iilw. 47-4H. 

, j^ii.sfM ill ciial-iiiiiif.s, iii. •l.'i-4S. 

, gy|>8iiiii. Nova Stotia, xxx. (M)-(14. 

, lieiiiutil*' <l»'|«i8il», xxviii. 14-154, 

•2*2-_' •-M4. •2*27 •_»*-".), -.'31 234 ; xxxi. 230- 

237. 

, Iiistitiito, xviii. 20. 

, iroii-oiv ilejMwits, xxxv. 146- 157. 
-~ , irun-«nea, xxxiv. iilia. 33. 

, imiiigiiiR'se-<lo|Mmit8, xxxiv. I.V2-153: 

xxxv. iilw. 41 ; xxxvi. 115-11(5. 
--, nre-ileptKsit.s, vi. 1(>-17 ; xxv. 71-73. 

— , |(fut, XX vi. 41. 

, .scuam coiil mill iuitliiacito, xx. 147. 
-, till deposits, xxxvii. ahs. '.I.'k 

— , vegetiiblf, of coal, xxxvii. aba. 89-03. 

— , veins, xix. 94, 95 ; xxxiii. abs. 10, 45. 

— ami (levelopnifiit of coal-tratlc, iv. 125- 
121). 

formation of coal, xi. IG3-175; xii. 

31-34. 
Orioi,, Ro.man, quotetl, xxxii. abs. 51 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 4G. 
Okmkkod, Kuw., safety -hook, xix. a|)p. i. 

12-13; plate xiv. ; xx. 81 ; xxix. 207- 

208, 213, 232 ; plate xxxviii. 

— , safijty-link, xvii. 114. 
Ormesby ironworks, v. 213. 
Ornamental stone.s, xxx. 123. 
Orthez, borinjj near, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Orthocerata, drawings, ix. 188-189. 
Oruro, Bolivia, silver-mines, xxxvi. abs. 

51-52. 
Okviij^e, Gustav D., quoted, xxxviii. 

abs 68. 
OsLER anemometer, x. '208, 236. 
Ostrau coal-tield, xxxiii. abs. 91. 
Ostrea, Formosa, xxxiv. 81. 

— bed, xxv. 63. 

— carbonacea, xxxv. 179. 
OsTKicouRT Colliery Company, xxvii. 

156. 
Oswald, R. W., quoted, xxix. 148. 
Otago, coal-fielils. New Zealand, xxxv. 

200-204 ; section, 220. 
Otamataura Creek coal-seams, xxxv. 185. 
Otepopo coal-fi'-ld, xxxv. 201. 
Otto, B., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 8, 49. 
Otto and Co., Dr. C, quoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 11. 
Otto coal-seam, section, xxviii. 56. 

— gas engine, xxxii. abs. 54. 
Otopteris ovata, figured, vi. 33 ; plate iii. 
Ototara stone, xxxv. 175. 

Ottweiler division, xxviii. 16, 17 ; 

sections, xxviii. 65. 
Oughton boring, vi. 11-12 ; xxxviii. 25. 

— — to North Seaton, section facing 
xiii. 208. 

Ouston colliery, brattice, ix. 70. 
, horses, xxxii. 110. 

— pit, xiii. 71, 76, 160. 



Outbursts of fire-damp, foretold by earth- 
shakes, xxxiv. 168-172. 

gas, xxxii. abu. 2S ; xxxiii. 179-180, 
181. 

, nictalliferous-inines, xxxviii. 
59-72. 

- , Striillord Main colliery, xxv. 
23-27, 104 106; plates ii.-v. 

— , sutlden, xxxi. 9-13. 

Outcrop of coal-seams, vi. 29-33. 
Outerby ccdliery, xxxiv. 100, 106. 
Outer.syde colliti y, xxxiv. 100, 106. 
Outlay, Sub-Wciil.Un boring, xxiii. 188. 
Outline of geology, U.S.A., xxv. 146-149. 
Output, coal, ii. 200-202, 211-220, 2.'3 ; 

iv. 56, 57, 61, 62, 6S, 87. 

, Wan.ra, xxxviii. 120- 121. 1.36. 
13S. 

— . — , single collieries, xxiii. 232-233. 
Outwood colliery, puinping-engines, xv. 

22 23. 
Ovens, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 168, 169. 
Overburden, removal of, Huelva mines, 

xxxvii. 37. 
Over coal, Moira, x. 163. 
Overend limestone, xxxii. 352, 354. 
Overflow, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 261. 
Overheating of boiler, iv. 40. 
Overhorsing in collieries, xxxii. 103 tl sf(j. 
Overland route to India, xxiv. 229-231 ; 

map, 233. 
Overlap, Somerset coal-field, iii. 28-29. 
Overlaps, xxxi. 160. 
Overling and underlying coal-seams, 

working, v. 15-21. 
Overmen, admission to meetings, xi. 211- 

212. 
Overturning waggons, xxxvii. abs. 72. 
Overweight, x. 62, 
Overwinding, x. 83-84 ; xix. app. i. is 

et .stq.; xxv. 194 ; xxxv. abs. 47-48. 
— , apparatus for prevention of, xxix. 

187-188, 228-229 ; plate xxxiii. 
— , lives lost by, xxix. 202. 
— , Walker detaching liook, xxiv. 35-37. 
Overworking, xxviii. 20.3. 
Owen safety cage, x. 96; xi. 161-162; 

XV. 30, HI, 116-118; xvi. 31; xix. 

app. i. 2-5 ; plates i.-v. 
Owsen Fell, section, xxxiv. 137. 
Oxford clay, xxxv. 140 ; sections, 145. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
Oxidation of wire-ropes, viii. 15. 

Oxide o iron, annual production, xxi. 

187, 197. 
Oxyj^en, coke saturated with, xxii. 12-15. 
— , eliminated from coal, x. 169. 
— , volumes needed for combustion of 

gases, xxxv. 10. 

— for patent lamp, xxxi. 201, £03. 

— in coal. New South Wales, vi. 37- 
Ozokerite, xxxv. abs. 9 ; xxxviii. alis. 

68-69. 
— , Galicia, xxxii. abs. 3 ; xxxvii. abs. 
39, 55-56 ; xxxviii. abs. 15-16. 



i 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIll. 



185 



Pachydomus gigas, figured, vi. 35 ; ])lato 
iv. 

— ovalis, figured, vi. 35; |)late iv. 
Paddingtou terminus, electric ligliting 

plaut, XXXV. 240. 
Paddock air-jig, xxxvi. abs. 21-'2'2. 
Padeswood boring, xxv. 99. 
Paok, Dr. David, artificial stones, xxiii. 

158-159, IHO. 
— , little limestone, xxiv. 81-82. 
— , minera firestone, xxiv. 154. 
— , nntiiral />>/■'<, lichiiion, xxiii. 74-7(), 

78-79, 80, 104-105, 106. 
— , Nawcantle water supply, xxiv. 91, 92, 

93. 
— , Northumberland limestones, xxiv. 147, 

148. 
— , practical aspects of geology, xxi. 241- 

247. 
-, quoted, xi. 170-171, 173 ; xxiii. 95- 

96 ; xxxiii. 170. 
— , selenitic plaster, xxiv. 152-154. 

— Suh- Wealden boring, xxiii. 160-161. 
Page, Wm., Corliss txpan.'iion (/ear, xxv. 

213-214; plates Iviii.-lix. 
— , winding engine with self - acting 

variable expansion, xxvi. 109-116; 

plates xiii. -xvii. 
Page Bank colliery, Ansell gas-detector, 

xxvi. 133. 
, Calow safety-cage, xix. app. i. 

8, 22. 

, coke ovens, xxvii. 127-128. 

•— , electric signalling, xxiv. 167. 

-, endless-rope haulage, xxxi. 110. 

, engine experiments, xv. 295. 

, Guibal ventilator, xvi. 51. 

— — — , Lemielle ventilator, xviii. 59, 
60, 63-69, 100, 140 et seq. ; plates vii.- 
XV. ; xix. 2, 3 ; plate xlii. ; xxx. 274. 

, lightning, xxx. 36. 

, pumping, xvi. 92. 

, Vickers furnace, xviii. 109, 

111. 
Paiva, Lieut. A. de, quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 63. 
PalKontological evidence, xxvi. 41-42 ; 

xxx. 54, 55. 
Palaeontology, xi. 121-124. 
Pahlmaun, Bengal, xxxii. 149, 150. 
Palencia coal-fields, xxxvi. 118-120. 
Palffy, Jos., quoted, xxxv. alis. 58. 
Palladium wire for gas-indicators, xxvii. 

293-294. 
Palmer, A., quoted, v. 260. 
Palmer, Sir Cha.s. M., (jeolotjy oj 

northern coal-Jiehl, xiii. 45. 
— , quoted, iii. app. 3 ; xv. 259. 
Palmer, Eli J., quoted, xxxviii. 17. 
Palmer, John B., quoted, xxi. 154. 
Palmers Hill, section, xiii. 42. 
Palmesalade iron-mines, xxxiv. abs. 33. 
Palmieri seismoscope, xxxvii. 64. 



Pambodr, - , quoted, v. 110. 
Panama Canal, xxxv. 229, 232. 

, geology, xxxi. abs. 42. 

I'anclastite, xxxvi. 83. 

Panel worKing, Buddie, vii. 16-17, 39 

tt seq., 83; viii. 10. 
Panniers, xxxiii. 220. 
Panning, gold, xxxv. 90. 
I'antopollit, xxvii. 52. 
Panuco mountain, Mexico, xxxv. abs. JO. 
Paper, shrinkage, xxxiv. 175-181 ; plates 

xxv. -xxxiv. ; xxxv. 44-47. 
Paper coal, xxiv. 7. 
Papers, awards for, xxxii. p. viii.; 

xxxiii. p. viii.; xxxv. p. x. 
— , copyright, v. 1-3 ; xiii. 13-14. 
— , discussion, v. 4-5, 8, 226, 227 ; xi. 

139-140; xvi. 42-43, 131. 
— , list, XV. 55-56, 57, 58-59. 
— , printing, xiii. 1-2, 13-14, 41-42 ; 

xvi. 131, 132. 
— , suljjects for, xx. 220. 
— , translation of, xvi. 1. 

— read, British Association meeting, 
xxxviii. 47. 

Papists cross limestone, xi. 106 ; sections, 

105, 111. 
Paqdet ventilator, xvi. 60 et seq. 
Parachutes, safety-cages, xxvii. 17 , 201. 
Paradoxes in ventilation, xii. 85, 93, 143 ; 

xiii. 5-11, 14, 48-52, 104-11)5; diagram, 

facing 50. 
Parallelogram coke-oven, viii. 117. 
Parapara hematite deposits, xxxv. 184. 
Parasnath mountain, xxx. 4. 
Parent, L., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 78 ; 

xxxv. abs. 46. 
Paris and Lj'^ons railway, ix. 59. 

— as a seaport, xxxii. abs. 11. 

— 1878 exhibition, xxvii. 280-281. 

— School of Mines, xxvii. 281. 

Park colliery. South Staffordshire, pillar 
and stall, x. 188. 

— mines, Furness, xxxi. 222, 224 ; 
plans. 237. 

, Cornwall, stamping, xxx. 139-1-40. 

— or Coal-pit heath series, xxvii. 89, 97. 
Park-fiehi pit, sections, x. 101 ; xxvii. 97. 
Park-head coUieiy, section, x. 195. 
Parkin, Chas., jet-mining, xxxi. 51-58, 

205. 
— , mineral resources, Rosedale Abbey 

district, xxxii. 43-53. 
— , treatment of ores, xxx. 135-148 ; 

plates, xxx. -xxxvii. 
— , Perran iron-lode, Cornwall, and 

mines in district, xxvii. 131-139. 

, quoted, xxxv. 126. 
Parkside, xxviii 115, 145, 146. 149; 

xxxiv. 129, 133, 134; sections, 136. 
Parliamentary and other committees, xv. 

2-28-231, 235-236, 237-238, 239, 245, 

248-249, 251-2.V2, 265. 



IH 



GENE RAT. INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



I'tirliaint'iitury CuiiuniMaion, University of 

Duiliam, ix. 8G.S7. *2r> I'JM. 
|iii|M-i-s, |>urulia8c i»f, iii. .Si(», .'Ul. 
I'aknki.i,, Coi.. , li^litiiiii:^' in pil, VVi-at 

Tlidiiiley collii-ry, xxxiii. '.>0. 
Purr Mos8 and Chut Moss, viii. r)9, 00, 

62. 
Pakkais, , (|Uoted, xxxii. iibs. 4. 
I'akiwVN, a., ([noted, xxxiv. aim. IS. 
Pakkinoton, M. W., h/rcrin (/<».x/i<.v mid 

t'tiili .s/i/iiv.<, xxxiii. 174-177- 

, RfHinnux huIIkkI of' r/mniuif cihU, 

xxvi. 142. 
I'urrot coul-seam, xxvii. 93 ; xxxvii. 13. 
Parson, W., and W. Wiiitk, (juoted, 

xxxiv. 92. 
pAitsoN.s, Hon. C. a., ron'-'lust, xxxvii. 

2r)7. 
— , quoted, xxxvi. 147- 
Partial vaciunn favouring evolution of 

Hre-danip, xxv. 245-247. 
Partings of shale, xxviii. l."{4, 144-145; 

figures, 15a. 
Parton iuirbour, xxxiv. 101, 106, 110. 
Pascuke-Kastnek air-compressors, xxxi. 

abs. 45, 46. 
Paslev, Col. C. W., quoted, xix. 181. 
Pass pipes, ix. \0 e( ser/. 
PAS.SELE('g, Ph., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 106. 
Pasture drift seam, xxxvii. 6. 

— Hill, thin seam, v. 6. 

Pateley Bridge lead-mines, pneumatic 

rock-drill, xxix. 224. 
Patent for anthracite coke, xxxi. 190. 

— fuel, English, value, xxxviii. 161. 
, exports, x. 71. 

.manufacture, xxvii. 154; xxxiv. 

abs. 30-31. 

, shijiments, xxxiii. 201, 202, 203. 

works, Anzin, xxvii. 175-176. 

, Somain, xxvii. 256-257. 

— law, xiv. 126, 130. 

Patents connected with mining opera- 
tions, xvii. 34-35, 54; app. ii. 3-72; 
plates i.-x ; xviii. app. 3-34 ; xix. app. 
iii. 39-57 ; xx. app. ii. 9-21 ; xxi. app. 
ii. 9-19 ; xxii. app. ii. 9-27 ; xxiii. 
app. ii. 9-24 ; xxiv. app. ii. 9-27 ; xxv. 
app. ii. 9-28. 

. , list no longer published, 

xxvi. app. 9. 

Patemion, xxxiv. abs. 62. 

Paton and Harris, carbon dioxide pump, 
xxv. 116. 

Patricroft pit, engine, xv. 33. 

— sinking, xv. 17 

Pattinson, — , Middlesbro' salt, xiii. 20- 

21. 
Pattinson, Hugh Lee, quoted, xiii. 197- 

198; xviii. 26. 
Pattinson, Jno., quoted, xvii. 80 ; xxiv. 

29; xxxiv. 76; xxxvi. 35, 41. 
— , salt for layivg coal-diiHt, xxxi. 149-150. 
— , spontaneous cotiibii^ation of coal, xxv. 

118-119 e^se?. 



PatTON, John, sjioutamons co7Hl>iuitioii ol 

cwiJ, xxv. 1S3.1S4, ISO. 
Pai'L, C. M., <|U()ted, xxxii. ubs. 3. 
pAi.'i,, K. M., quoted, xxxiv. ubs. 61. 
Paii-s, Hl'fK & Co., quoted, V. 221. 
Pay streaks, xxxi. 159, 160; plan, 173. 
Paveune, Dr., quoted, ii. 99. 
Pav.ne, J. JkiXTON, Siraii electric liu/tly- 

/nmji, xxxi. 1 IS, 119. 
Pea coal, xiii. 2S, 33. 

— ore, xxv. 61, 67, 68, 71, 72. 
Pkace, — , quotetl, iii. ajip. 12; xii. 49. 
Peace, M. W., <juotcd, xiv. 113. 
Peace coal-cutting ni ichine, xii. 4S ; 

xiv. 125, 126. 
Peacock coal-seam, xiii. 38. 
Peak cavern, xxviii. 145-146, 149-150. 
Peake, — , quoted, xxxvii. 223. 
Peahce, F. H., connttrliiiliuiruKi iriiidiiKj- 

tw/uits, xxv. 209, 212-213. 
— , ventilation tables, xxxiii. 93-106. 
Pearsai.l, - , <|uoted, xi. 43. 
Pearson, G. R., transmission of power hi/ 

steam, xxxv. 164. 
Pearson, (J. T., quoted, xxxviii. 21. 
Pearson & Co., J. B., quoted, iii. 

app. 6. 
Pearson and Knowles, quoted, xix. 

app. i. 1?. 
Pease, — , quoted, viii. 56, 57 ; xxix. 

72. 
— , rojJt huiihKje, xxix. 74. 
Pease, Edw., quoted, xv. 226, 252. 
Pease, Jas., new method of rope haul- 
age, xxviii. 237-241 ; plates xl.-xli. ; 

xxix. 71. 
Pease, Jos., quoted, xv. 235. 
Pease, Jos. Whitwell, (juoted, iii. app. 

4; xii. 87, 217; xxiii. 126. 
Pease, J. and J. W., quoted, xvi. 95. 
Pease & Co., Jos., donation, xvii. 41, 42. 
— , quoted, iii. app. 4. 
Pease, Gilkes & Co., quoted, xxix. 

13. 
Pease's West collieries, xv. 243. 
Peat, iii. app. 8. 
— , Italy, xxxvii. abs. 15-16. 

, Rosedale abbey district, xxxii. 52. 
— , Russia, xxxiii. abs. 33. 

— beds, viii. 110. 
Peaty water,, xxiv. 91, 92, 94. 
Pebbles in coal, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Pechelbronn bituminous beds, xxxiv. 

abs. 67- 
Peclet, — , (juoted, iii. 77 et seq., 210, 

211, 329, 338; iv. 19-20. 
Pecten, Formosa, xxxiv. 81. 

— ironstone band, xiii. 127. 

seam, xxxv. 115, 118 ; sections, 145. 

, analysis, xxxv. 118. 

— lineatus, figured, vi. 35 ; plate iv. 
Pedrisco, xxxiii. 214. 
Peek, Prok. — , quoted, xxix. 20. 
Peel, Sir Robert, viii. 73. 
Pegmatite, Hindustan, xxxvi. abs. 37. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVin. 



Ul 



Peile, Wm., Cwnherlaiwl co(d-Jie.ld, 
xxxiii. 123, 127-128. 

i'uliiw coUiory, Wolf safety-lamp experi- 
ments, xxxiv. 293-294. 

Pellk, Max., quoted, xxxvi. al>s. 31. 

Peloux, Chas. uu, quoted, xxxv. uIjs. 
20. 

Pelton, coal-seams, xxxvii. 6. 

— colliery, dip trouble, iii. 34 et seq. ; 
plan, 52. 

, engine, vi. 4. 

— , experiments with Douglas lamp, 
xxxw 66. 
— , Gui1)al fan, xvi. 8-10 ; xviii. 59, 

99, 102-104, 140 e^.sr^. ; plate xxx\ iii. ; 
xix. 2, 229 ; plate xlii. 

— — , Juckes firebars, xviii. 92, 95. 
, Lemielle ventilator, xviii. 139. 

— — , outburst of gas, xxxi. 10. 

— — , safety-lamp experiments, xxix. 
152, 154 ; xxxiv. 293. 

, suivej^s, XX. 90-91. 

, underground coaveyance, xvi. 101- 

104, 117-124; plates XXX. -xxxiv. 

— — , Waddle ventilator at, xviii. 99- 

100, 101 ; plates xvi.-xvii. ; xix. 227, 
229 ; plate xlii. 

, water-feeders and gas, xii. 22, 24. 

— Fell colliery, xv. 235. 

Pelton liigli-pressure water-wlieel, 

xxxviii. abs. 20. 
Pelzer fan, xxxi. abs. 9. 

— rock-drill, xxvii. 195-196. 
Pemberton colliery, Guibal fan, xxvi. 

167 ; xxvii. 106, 107. 
, steam jet, experiments, i. 66, 67. 

— — , telephonic ventilation tell-tale, 
xxviii. 68. 

, ventilation furnaces, ix. 79, 81. 

Pembrokesliire, iii. 21, 23 ; xxiii. 209- 

210. 
— , anthracite district, xxxi. 178. 
— , coal-pi'oduction, xxxi. 180 ; section, 

195. 
Penarth, xxiii. 238. 
Pencil bed, xix. 103. 
Penck, — , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Pendlebury collieries, broken workings, 

xxxi. 17 ; plate v. 

, Owen safety-cage, xix. app. i. 4-5. 

Pendleton, coal-seams, xv. 14. 

— colliery, wire-ropes, xv. 118. 
Pendulum counterbalance, xx. 207-208 ; 

plate Iviii. 

— electric-lamps, xxxiv. 28-30 ; plate 
vii. 

— experiments, density of the eartli, iii. 
5S. 

— seismographs, xxxvii. 60-64, 66. 
Penetrating dangerous gases, ii. 85-89, 

97 tt seq. 
Penine fault, xxvi. 51. 
Pen\ & Son, Jno., nuirine engines, 

xxiv. 105. 
Penn, Messbs., quoted, xxxi. 188. 



Pennant, Tiioh., (pioted, xxxiv. 89-90, 

105. 
Pennant series, x. 99, 100 ; xxvii. 89, 90, 

91, 92 ; sections, 97. 
Pennsylvania, anthracite measureH, 

xxxvii. abs. 41. 
— , mines, tiie-damp explosions, xxxi. 

85-91. 

, — region, xxxiii. abs. 42, 65. 

, coal, available tonnage, xxxii. abs. 83. 
— , coal-fields, xxxiv. abs. 21. 
— , coal-measui-es, .section, xxv. 165-167. 
-- , (Jonnelsville coke, analysis, xxvi. 79. 
— , coj)per, xxxiv. abs. 24. 
— , graphite deposits, xxxi. abs. 43. 
— , map of anthracite coal-fields, xxv. 

plates xlv.-xlvi. 
— , maps, oil regions, xxv. plate xlix. 
— , Nottingham colliery, xxxviii. abs. 6. 
— , waste in mining, xxxviii. abs. 5-6. 
Pennj'quick, xxvii. 94 ; section, 97. 
Penrose and Richards, quoted, xxxi. 

190. 
Pensher colliery, Juckes furnaces, xviii. 

114. 

— — , section, xxxvii. plate xl. 

, ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 et seq. 

— sandstone, xii. 25 ; xiii. 222. 
Penston colliery, coal-cutting machine, 

xxviii. 76-77, 188-189. 
Pentland Hills, section, xi. 119, 120, 121, 

125. 
Penton Linns, section, xi. 71. 

— railway cutting, sections, xi. 73, 86. 
Penygraig colliery explosion, xxxii. abs.6. 
Pepys' Diary, extracts, xv. 193-194. 
Perak, tin-mining, xxxvi. abs. 3. 
Perard, L., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 25. 
Perchloride of iron, xxxi. 231, 234, 236. 
Percy, Dr., quoted, xii. 31-32 ; xiii. 144, 

145 ; xix. 82 ; xxvii. 136, 235. 
Percy Main collierj-, xv. 215, 216. 

, water-blast, i. 279 et seq. 

Perforation of the Alps, xxxii. abs. 38. 
Perino, Josef, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 32. 
Perissel, — , quoted, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Perkins, — , quoted, xxxi. 187, 195. 
Perkins boiler and field oven, xxix. 

49-51, 95 ; plates ii., viii. 
Permanent magnets, xxxiv. 19-20. 

— way, reforms, xxxiii. abs. 43-44. 
Permeability of cements and mortars, 

xxxviii. abs. 21. 
Permian red beds, xiii. 209-211. 

— — sandstone, xiii. 44, 45, 100-101, 
102, 202, 203. 

- sands, xxviii. 220. 

— strata, xi. 7S-S2, 124; xxv. 168-171 : 
xxviii. 15-16, 117; sections, 65, 155; 
xxxi. 218, 219, 229-230; xxxiii. 129-130, 
144-146 ; xxxviii. 78. 

yellow sands, xiii. 206, 207, 209, 210. 
Permo-carboniferous coal-measm-es, xxx. 

53. 
strata, Autun, xxxii. abs. 6. 



1S8 



OEXERAL INDKX TO TEANSACTIONS. 



Pkrsoijet, -, ooko • ovon, xxii. 711; 

platv8 i.-vi. 
— , furmioes iit Doimiii, xxvii. '2G0. 
— , •luotcd, xxxvii. 90 tW, 90. 

rKKNol.KT AM> AoI'IM-ON's n'|i()lt Oil 

KngliMh iiiiiiiiig ix-vit-wi-d, xxxi. r>-'2\). 
IVroiinitit! oolliciy, \xxiii. :il>.s. S3. 

— , flfitriu gill, xxxii. nh.s. 14. 
Peroxide of iron, xxxi. '2:2ii, '2'M, 'J3'2, 

•2.S6. 
IViiaii iroii-lmle, Cornwall, xxvii. 131- 

140 ; plates xv.-xsii. 
Pk.kkkaitx pump valve, vi. '21. 
I'kkkis, , (lUiited, xxxvii. abs. 72. 
1'kukv, , t|ui»(ed, xxxiii. ISl. 
I'kkkv, .Ins. H., quoted, XXXV. abs. 40. 
IN ri V .tiiikin^', liiriiiingliani, xxx. 86. 
I'er-itt, mineral resources, xxxi. abs. 39. 
— , tuniuoise-mines, xxxiv. abs. 19. 
Persons employed, northern coal trade, 

number, xii. 170, 171. 
Peru, Iciid-smelting, xxxviii. abs. 11-12. 
— , mines, xxxiv. abs. 52. 
Pesce, G. L., (pioted, xxxv. abs. 21. 
Peter and Paul mine, xxxiv. abs. 5. 
I'eteks, Franz, quoted, xxxii. abs. 80. 
Petiierick, , quoted, xiii. 32, 33. 
P tit Feuillet coal-seam, xxvii. 177- 
Petitdidier, J., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 67. 
Petiton, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 20. 
Petrie's Ledges, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 193. 
Petroleum, America, production, xxxii. 

abs. 34. 
— , boring for, xxxv. abs. 27. 

— , Burmah, xxxvi. abs. 11. 

— , Galicia, xxxii. abs. 3 ; xxxv. abs. 9 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 15-16. 
— , Hungary, xxxiv. abs. 64. 
— , India, xxxvi. abs. 11. 
— , indications ot, xxxiii. abs. 35. 

— , New York State, xxxviii. abs. 64-65. 
— , South America, xxxvii. abs. 36. 

— , use, in safety-lamps, xxix. 151. 
— , varieties, xxxiii. abs. 96. 

— and rape oil safety-lamps, experiments 
with, xxxv. 35-39. 

— as fuel, xxxv. 224 ; abs. 22-23. 

an illuminating agent, xxxv. 5 et seq. 

— deposits, Alsatia, xxxiv. abs. 67. 

— industry, Caucasus, xxxiv. abs. 70. 

— wells, Khatun, xxxviii. 159. 

, Germany, xxxii. abs. 60. 

Petschounig, iv. 76, 81. 

Pettus, Sir Jno., quoted, xiii. 190, 191. 
Petre, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 32. 
Pfeffek, Alois, (quoted, xxxvii. abs. 49. 
Pfluecker y Rio, Db. — , quoted, xxxiv. 

al)s. 52. 
Pfuei or clay-seam, section, xxviii. 63. 
Phelan coal-seam, xix. 141, 143, 151, 150 ; 

xxiv. 176-178, 182, 189, 196, 203, 206, 

208. 

, gas production, xxvii. 223. 

, section and analyses, xxvii. 222. 

Phkli'S ore breaker, xxxi. 166. 



Philotlelphia Centennial Exhibition, xxv. 
Ml. 

PiilMl'l'ART, , quoted, xxii. 10, II, 12, 

13, 14. 
pHii.irs, Tiio-s., (juoted, xxv. 242. 
l'iiii.ii-.s(iN, , qiiotetl, iii. app. 2, 3. 
I'lili.ii.soN, It. P., qu(»ted, iii. app. 5. 
Pnii.i.ii-.s, JuiiN, quoted, v. 170, 172-174, 

206. 
PliiLLir.s, ,J. A., quoted, xxxi. 157 ; 

xxxvii. 29, 49, 50. 
PlllLl,n-.s, Pkok. ,(juoted, vi. 1 1,167,191 ; 

vii. 89, 101, 103; xi. 129, 1.37; xvii. 

113; xxi. 252, 254, 259; xxxi. 51, 56, 

57, t)2, 206, 2J9. 
PniLiJi'.s AND Conyueare, quoted, xi. 

171-172. 
Phosphate of lime, Newsham colliery, 

xii. 206. 
Phosphates, Belgium, xxxiv. abs. 36. 
-, Soinme, France, xxxvii. abs. 31, 70. 
Phosphor bronze, xxxiii. 4, 6 et xm/. 
Phosphorescent liglit, Dumar, xiv. 72. 
Phosphorus in coal, xxxv. abs. 15. 

ironstone, xxiv. 158. 

Photographs, list of, xxxv. 217, 218. 
Photography, use of, v. 164. 
Photometer, xxxii. abs. 52. 
Phyllotheca Hookeri (?), figured, vi. .33 ; 

plate iii. 

— ramosa, figured, vi. 33 ; plate iii. 
Physical features, Duriiam and Northum- 
berland, xiii. 179 ; xviii. 163. 

, North Formosa, xxxiv. 67, 68, 69. 

, Nova Scotia, gold-fields, xxxi. 151. 

, Redesdale district, xxii. 111-112. 

, United States, xxv. 148-150. 

, VVarora, xxxviii. 83-84. 

— geography, coal period, viii. 185-186. 

— laws, ventilation, iii. 74 el seq. 
Pick-hammers, xxxiv. 124. 
Pickering limestone, xxxii. 49 ; section, 

54. 

— oolitic limestone, xxi. 265, 266. 
Picks, Warora, xxxviii. 119. 

Picton, New Zealand, coal analysis, 

xxxv. 183. 

— , , coal basin, xxxv. 182-183. 

PicTou Coal and Iron Company, xxvi. 

80, 81, 83. 
Pictou coal-field, xix. 122-136 ; xxii. 13d- 

149; plates xxxiii. -xxxv. 
, specimens, xvi. 3. 

— coals, xxvii. 228-233. 

— county, geological iriap, xxvi. plate viii. 
, iron ores, xxvi. 79-85. 

— — , section, xxx. 54, 56, 64. 

— Main coal-seam, section, analyses, and 
gas-production, xxvii. 229. 

PicTou Mining Co.mpany, xix. 127, 128. 
Pie y ALLUi:, J., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 37. 
Piedboeuf, L., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
Piele, Williamson, quoted, xxxiv. 111. 
PiELER safety -lamp, xxxiv. 285-289 ; 
plate xl. ; xxxvii. abs. 45. 



Volumes i. to xxxvin. 



139 



PiELER safety-lamp, experiments, xxxiv. 

236 et acj/. 

spirit-lamp as a firc-danip indicator, 

xxxviil. 177-1821); plates v.- viii. 
Pierre Morte, iion-oru, analysis, xxv. 

76. 
— , section, v. 35. 
Pig iron, ii. 238 ; iv. r)7-60, 70, 101 ; xiii. 

137, 139, 147. 

, analysis, xxvii. 134. 

, besseges, cost of manufacture, v. 

34. 

— -, production, xxiii. 200. 

, shipments, xxiii. 203, 238. 

rigs of lead, xviii. 171. 

Piles, Ryhope sinking, v. 149. 

I'illar and stall working, iv. 193 ; x. 146- 

147, 105, 181, 184 fiC -feq. : xvi. 46, 47 ; 

xvii. 56 et neq. ; xxxi. 5, 181-182 ; 

xxxiii 158; xxxiv. 113. 

, Huelva mines, xxxvii. 35. 

, South Staffordshire, x. ; plan 

facing, 188. 

— workings, i. 234-235, 239-249; vii. 
lie/ stq., 32 tt stq., 79 tt seq. ; ix. 16, 
17-33 ; X. 188, 195 ; xv. 205, 209-210, 
214. 

, Lundhill colliery, v. 236. 

, Soutli Durham and Cleveland, viii. 

87-96, 175-177. 
Pillars, xii. 182. 

— , dividing districts, xxi. 5-6, 107- 
— , effect of removal, viii. 11, 12. 
— , working away of, iv. 144. 
PiLSEN arc lamp, xxxiv. 37 ; plate ix. 
Pindle, xxviii. 139, 22u. 
Pinegrove coal, iv. 130. 

PiNEL, — , quoted, xxxi. abs. 4. 

Pinel, Furness and Cumberland, xxviii. 

139, 220 ; xxxiv. 89. 
Pins, objections to, in boiler construction, 

xi. 39. 
Piparo coal, xxxiii. abs. 20. 
Piper coal-seam, x. 119. 
Pipes, Darcy's table for, xxxi. 30. 
PiSANi, F., quoted, xxxvi. 97. 
Pisgaon colliery, India, xxxviii. 81. 
Pisoliticore, xxx. 108, 111, 112 ; sections, 

113. 

— — , analyses, xxx. 109. 

Pit-props, Warora, cost of, xxxviii. 130- 
132. 

— pulley carriage, Cambois colliery, xx. 
80 ; plate xxxiii. 

— shafts, xii. 206-207. 

, form of, xxxiv. abs. 8. 

, sinking, xx. 187- 

— timber, xxxiii. 156. 

— waters. Nova Scotia, xxix. 53-57- 
Pitch of teeth in wheels, xxi. 279-280. 
Pitchstone porphyry, xxx. 122. 
Pitman's marriage, xv. 207. 
Pitman's Pay, extracts, xv. 219. 
Pitmen's cottages, xix. 52-53. 

— union, xv. 228, 233, 234. 



Pits, natural, Belgian coal-measures, 

xxiii. 67-70, 95-106 ; plates xviii. -xxv., 

xxvii. 
Pittsburg, U.S.A., boiler experiments, 

xxxii. 197; plate xxviii. 

, , coal-seam, xxv. 154, 155. 
— , , section, xxv. 176. 

PiTTSBURf! GOLJJ MiM.NU CoMI'ANY, 

xxxi. 165. 
Placer deposits, formation, xxxi. aba. 42. 
Plain cylindrical boilers, xviii. 121 lU seq.; 

XX. 49 tt seq. ; xxx. 75. 
, explosions, xxix. .36, 37, 93-94 ; 

plate vii. ; xxxii. 191 ; plate xxiv. 
Plainmeller, coal-seams, xxxvii. 15. 
Plan of Bolton manor, viii. 141. 

concessions, iv. 80. 

ground works, v. 51. 

proposed college, frontispiece, iv. 

pumps and machinery, v. 55. 

Rosedale district, vii. 88. 

shafts, V. 59 ; xxviii. 65. 

Tyne low main district, viii. 23. 

wash, Durliam county, xiii. 69. 

workings, v. 29 ; vi. 18. 

, Pictou coal-mines, xxii. 148. 

Planes, self-acting, iii. 261-262,270-274. 
— , single rope, xvii. app. i. 169. 
Planimeters, Amsler's theory of, xxviii. 

211-215. 
— , equidistant, xxxii. abs. 79. 
— , Kloht, xxxii. abs. 74. 
Plans of colliery workings, registration, 

XX. 46-47. 
mines, Belgium, keeping of, xxxiv. 

265-266, 279-280. 
Plant, Warora colliery, xxxviii. 105-110. 
Plants, coal-formation, xxxvi. abs. 9. 
Plashetts coal, xxxiii. 127 ; xxxvii. 12. 

— coal-field, xi. lO.'i, 108 ; map, 101 ; 
sections, 105-106, 107-115. 

— limestone, xi. 106 ; sections, 105, 
111. 

— to Canonbie, section, xi. 116. 
Plaskynaston colliery, xix. 77. 
Plaspower colliery, coffering of shafts, 

xxvi. 4 et seq. 
Plaster, selenitic, xxiv. 152-153. 

— Cove, Nova Scotia, xxx. 58. 

~ of Paris, use of, xxxiv. abs. 29. 
Plate of sections, ii. 240. 
Plates of fossils, ix. 188. 
Platinum, native, xxxiii. abs. 51. 
Platt Bros, and Co., quoted, xxxi. 44. 
Platj-schisma oculus,iigured, vi. 35 ; plate 
iv. 

— r-otundatum, figured, vi. 35 ; plate iv. 
Playfair, Sir Lvon, quoted, ii. 49-50, 

93 ; iii. 66, 69-71 ; v. 228; xii. 189. 
Pleaskin, Giant's Causeway, section, 

xxx. 113. 
Plessy seam, xxxvii. 7 ; xxxviii. 202. 
Pleurotomaria Strzeleckiana, figured, vi. 

35 ; {)late iv. 
Plew, F., quoted, xxxvii. 107. 



1 to 



GENERAL INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Pl-Kws, H. T., New Soiitli WuIuh, coal- 

ti.l.l. vi. 2^225, '21-4H. 
I'l.o.M AM> i>'AM>KnioNr system of 

Idiisting, xxxviii. iih». G.'> <>(>. 
Plot, Dk. , qiiote<l, viii 111. 
I'l.oT, HoiiT., iiuoteil, xxxviii. (i'J. 
I'luiiil>liiic8, for olituining bearings, xx. 

S7, 101 ,t sfij. 
riiiiiiMiiuil colUerieH, xxxiv. 111. 
I'lu^.s, for therinoiiietric observations, 

xxxi. 07. 
I'l.r.MMKU, , i|Uote(l, iij)j>. iii. '2. 
I'luii^'ir -sets, t'XperiiiHiits with, xxi. 

6465. 

— combined with lifting bucket, xxi. 
97, 9i). 

I'luto pit, Westphalia, coal-dust, xxxiv. 

'20:\, 1204 tt .saj. 
Pnkim.uu! Despatch Comi'any, fan, 

xii. -27, 28. 
Pneumatic despatch tubes, xxiii. 89e/ .seq. ; 

xxxiv. abs. 41-42. 

— rock-drill, Cranston, xxix. 221-225; 
plates xliv.-xlv, 

— stamps, XXX. 138-139; plates xxxi.- 
xxxii. 

— wings, ventilation with, xvi. 64-65. 
lochwerks, xxxv. 85. 
Pocket-level, Lebour, xxvii. 129-130. 
Pocketing, in boilers, xx. 57- 
Pockets, hematite, xxviii. 221. 

— of ore, xiv. 19. 

PoECH, F., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 71 ; 

xxxxviii. abs. 66. 

, automatic gates, xxxvi. abs. 23. 
PoETSCH, H., ((uoted, xxxiv. abs. 39. 
— , freezing sinking system, xxxiii. 

abs. 94; xxxiv. abs. 39-40, 72-74; 

xxxv. 226-227, abs. 33; xxxvii. abs. 

39-40. 
Point Aconi coal property, xxiv. 183. 
PoissoN, M., quoted, iv. 249. 
Poland, coal-Held, xxiv. 11-12; map, 22. 
Pole, Prof. — , (juoted, xxi. 56, 57- 
Polishing of jet, xxxi. 55. 
Polygonal wood tubbing, xxvii. 172. 
Pond, G. A., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 51. 
Ponies in coal-pits, iii. 260-261 ; viii. 41 ; 

xxiv. 11. 
PoNsoN, A. T., quoted, xvi. 60 et seq. 
Pontop colliery, haulage experiments, iii. 

254-257 ; inclined plane, 274 ; plan and 

section of self-acting incline, facing 

318 

— Pike colliery, xv.' 206, 214, 215. 
Pontp'an lead-mine, explosion, xxxviii. 

63, 170. 
Pontypool, xxxi. 177. 
Popular fallacies, xxxv. abs. 29. 
Population, coal-tields, xxxii. 138. 
— , Durham and Nortlmmberland, ii. 

196. 
- , Newcastle, xxiv. 49, 50, 88. 
— , Styria, iv. 64, 65. 
— , Whitby, xxxi. 56. 



14. 

117, 
139, 



118. 



Porcelain manufacture, xv. 69. 
PoiuiUKKON, H., (|Uoted, xxxv. abs. 
iWuniba mines, Silesia, xxvii. 191. 
Porosity of iion-ores, xxxv. 1 !'2, 

120, 122, I -23, 1-27, 129, 13'2, 135, 

141, 143, 144. 
I'uriiiiyritcs, xxx. 122, 123, l'2t). 
I'orpiiyritir rocks, tMieviot liills, xi. 
I'oUKu, l»KN., ijuotcd, xxxiv. abs. 64. 
Port Ulair, xxxiv. abs. 15. 

(.Caledonia, xxiv. 203. 

C/'arbon, U.S.A., xiii. 34 ; section, 
38-40. 

- Clarence, ii. 1 16. 
— -, boring for salt, xxx. 85, 97, 10'">- 

— Hood, xix. 137. 

— — , Cape Breton, xxvii. 227. 
, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 180. 

— Natal, coal, xvii. 78-80. 
Talb(jt, xxiii. 242-243. 

Port-en- Bessin, section, xxv. 78. 
Portable air-compressing machinery, 
xxiii. 109 tt seq.; plates xxxi. -xxxii. 

— douide-pump, xvi. plate xxiii. 

— electric safety-lamp, Swan, xxxv. 
51-64 ; plate vii. 

— engine. Fowler, xvi. 92 tt stq. 

ei gines for wire tramways, xx. 6; 
plate iii. 

hydraulic rivetter, Bunning, xviii. 
3, 13 tt sef/.; plates iv.-v. 

— pumps, patents, xviii. app. 10. 
steam-engines, xxxv. 234. 

Ports, northern coal-tield, ii. 114. 
Porthcawl, xxiii. 241-242. 
Portinscale lead-mine, xxxiv. 122. 
Portland cement, ix. 144 et seq. 
■seq. 

— North Hartley colliery district, x. 44. 
PoKTLocK, General, quoted, xxv. 225. 
Portnioon, xxx. 107. 

Portobello dyke, xiii. 76. 

Portrait, Nicholas Wood memorial, xiv. 
104, 135. 

Ports, accessible, Nortli of England coal- 
fields, vi. 71, 112. 

Portugal, coal-fields, xxxv. abs. 30. 

— , mineral production statistics, xxxii. 
abs. 9. 

— , mining in, xxxiii. abs. 47. 

Portugalete silver-mines, xxxiv. abs. 60. 

PosEi'Nv, Prof. F., quoted, xxxi. abs. ',u, 
38 ; xxxviii. 62. 

POSEWITZ, Theo., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 
60 ; xxxv. abs. 57. 

Posidonia (?) Posidonomya, drawing, ix. 
188. 

Posidonomya Becheri, xxviii. 5. 

, Rio Tinto, xxxvii. 50. 

Position and extent of Cumberland coal- 
field, xxxii. 320. 

— of corresponding societies, xxxvi. 62- 
63. 

hematite deposits, xxviii. 118-137 ; 

figures, 155 ; xxxi. 219-229. 



178 et 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



141 



Position of iiiaiif^anese-deposits, xxxvi. 

105-107. 

upcast-shafts, iv. 147-189. 

Post-and-stall, ii. 245. 
Post-carboniforous strata, xxiii. 249-250 ; 

xxviii. 12-16, 65; xxxvi. 37-40. 
POSTLETHWAITE, Jno., quoted, xxviii. 

128. 
Pot opal, glass, xxvii. 66-67. 
Potassium salts, Mecklenburg, xxxiv. 

abs. 62. 
Potholes, xxiii. 75 ; xxx. 6. 
Potter, A. M., apparatus for saving 

bi'eakage of coal, xxv. 261-262 ; plate 

Ixxvii. 
Potter, Chas. and A., quoted, iii. app. 

4. 
Potter, Ed., vi. 21. 
— , agreement anth Natural History 

Society, xii. 42. 
— , Birmingham 1861 meeting, ix. 86, 227. 
— , boiler explodons, iv. 114, 116, 117; 

XV. 47. 
— , Cleveland ironstone, vi. 7. 
— , coal-cutting machines, xii. 48 et seq. 

xiv. 135. 
— , coal-mining, China, xv. 1. 

— , discussion of papers, iii. 226-227. 

— , geological survey, Tyne district, xiii. 

215. 
— , Great Northern coal-field, x. 74. 
— , longwall ivorking, x. 138. 
— , Lundhill accident and mine ventilation. 

vi. 214 et seq. 
— , Manchester 1865 meeting, xiv. 133, 

134. 
— , memorial jjortrait, Nicholas Wood, 

xiv. 104, 135. 
-, mininq colleqc, iii. 223-224, 225 ; vi. 

202 ; ix. 252. 

— , Murton winning, v. 43-61, 148-159. 
— , New South Wales coal-field, vi. 22, 

23, 24, 25. 
— , Ogden prize, ix. 89. 
— , president, election, xv. 75. 
— , paradoxes in, ventilation, xii. 85. 

.quoted, i. 9; v. 117, 122; x. 11; 

xix. 55. 
— , secretary, appointment, ix. 253 ; xii. 

147. 
— , steam crab-engine, v. 56. 
— ,. unden] round conveyance, Cleveland, 

xvi. 93, 94. 
— , ventilation, J'russian mines, xii. 47- 

48. 

— , working overlying and underlying coal- 
seams, v. 17. 

Potter, W. A., valuation of mines, 

xxiii. 139-140. 
— , qax, Strad'ord Main colliery, xvii. 

108. 
Potter iron band, xxvi. 74. 
Pottsville, U.S.A., xiii. 33,34; sections, 

xiii. 38-40 ; xxv. 176. 
Poudre d'ammoniaciuc, xix. 47. 



Poiillaouen and Huclgo.it mineH, xxxvii 
abs. 7-8. 

PouRCEL, Alex., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 
48. 

Powell Duffryn coal, Keyham experi- 
ments, xiv. 49. 

Powell DuFFKYN Companv, George pit, 
electric-lighting, xxxiv. 34. 

Power, supply of, xxxi. 1.36. 

— , transmission, xxxviii. .37-.39. 

— , — , by electricity, xxxviii. abs. 35. 

— , — , — steam, XXXV. 159-166 ; plate 
xxiii. ; xxxvi. 13-29. 

— and rate of engines, v. 49, 51, 55. 

— of explosives, xxxvi. abs. 48. 

locomotives, viii. 61-62, 64-65. 

Practical ventilation, iii. 148. 
Practice of mine-levelling, xx. 73-79. 

— with gas at blowers, iii. ,33-51, 229 
et seq., 236. 

Pramatha Nath. Bose, quoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 17, 75. 
Pratt, J. S., quoted, v. 201. 
Pre-carboniferous strata, xxvii. 145, 148 ; 

xxviii. 11-12 ; sections, 65 ; xxxi. 152,' 

153. 
Precautions for underground temperature 

observations, xxxi. 69-70. 

— reconunended in mine ventilation, 
xii. 140-141. 

Present form of marine-engine, xxiv. 

105-124, 125 et seq.; 250-253, 259, 260. 
Presentation, Transactions, i. 269. 
— , Theo. W. Buiming, xxxvii 129- 

132. 
Preservation Inlet coal, analysis, xxxv 

210. 
coal-field, xxxv. 209. 

— of wood by cupriferous water, xxxvii 
48-49. 

Preserving colliery timber, xxvii. 53. 
President, election of, xv. 75-77 • xviii 

153. 
Presidential address, Lord Armstrong, 

xxii. 39-57. 
, Sir Lowthian Bell, xxxvi. 1, 131- 

160, 166. 

— — , E. F. Boyd, xviii. 153-155 ; 
xix. 41-56 ; xx. 219-222 ; xxi. 223-234 

, J. Daglish, xxxv. 223-245. 

, Geo. Elliot, xviii. 19-35. 

, G. B. Forster, xxxi. 123-143. 

, T. E. Forster, xv. 283, 292. 

, G. C. Greenwell, xxviii. 197-208 • 

xxx. 269-271. 
— , John Marley, xxxviii. 17, 29-46. 

, Lindsay Wood, xxv. 189-19!). 

, Nicholas Wood, i. 13.32 : x. 3. 

~ office, term of, xvi. 1 29- 1. 30. 
Pressure, cement, ix. 69. 

— anemometers, x. 237-23!). 

— gauges, xvii. 27-30, 41-42 : plati- iii. 

— in mines, iii. 148-16."). 

— in rocks, xxxviii. abs;. 64. 

— of gas in coal-seams, xxxi. 129. 



142 



GENERAL INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



PrcHaiiiu of gtM ill solid coiil. xxx. lO.S- 
'2(jO ; pliites xxxix.-xlv. ; xxxii. \'2\- 
13-2, 3l«-.S17. 

— water in «oil, xxxvi. ubs. 10. 
iiiaiii, xxviii. 177- 

on Ijoilor-pliitfM, xx. .")!. 

— reservoir, xxviii. 17'''>. 

pipes, xxviii, 176-177. 

rre8.>4uri;s, vontilatin^' ; ix. diagraniB, 

fa.iiiK' 1:59. 
Preston colliery, coal-cutting machine at, 
xxviii. 189. 

— Gran^'f collieries, Whitelaw safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 12. 

Pkkstwicii, 1'rok. Jos., quoted, xxiii. 

186. 
Pkkiss, Hl'UO, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 74. 
Prevention of accidents in mines, i. 15- 

18 : v. •J'2S.-2-_'9. 
boiler accidents, xxviii. 247-255; 

xxix. 23-51, 87100; plates vi.-xiii. ; 

xxx. 71-82, 2G0-2(j9 ; plates xiii.-xxii. 

— explosions, iv. 40-44, 52-53. 

, association for, iv. 113-114. 

breakage of coal in screening, xxv. 

261-262 ; plate Ixxvii. 

dust explosions, xxxv. 46. 

fire-damp explosions, xxxii. abs. 28. 

mine explosions, xxxi. abs. 7-8. 

overwinding, xxix. 187-188, 228- 

229; plate xxxiii.; xxxv. abs. 47-48. 

— — smoke, xvii. 63, 66, 67, 68, 76 ; 
xxxiii. abs. 7. 

spontaneous condiustion of coal, 

xxv. 107-140, 178-188; plate xlii. 

Price, Tiios., Linidfii/f m/lii-ri/ explosiov, 
V. 240. 

Price of anthracite, xxxi. 189-190. 

coals, foreign, xxxi. abs. 1,4, 16, 36. 

, Formosa, xxxiv. 75. 

J (iermany, xxvii. 33, 34, 62, 63. 

, India, xxxviii. 159-160. 

, Kurachi, xxxviii. 260. 

, Madras, xxxviii. 160. 

, New Zealand, xxxv. 190, 204. 

— , Saarbriicken, xxviii. 42. 

, Waroia, xxxviii. 138-140. 

, Warwickshire, xxxiii. 157. 

and coke, xxxiv. abs. 50. 

— — coke, Germany, xxvii. 3'?. 

co]>per, xxxiv. 118, 120, 121. 

iron, v. 33, 34, 35, 36 ; xiii. 120, 

121, 122. 

— iron-ore, xxxiii. 235 ; xxxiv. 90-91. 
jet, xxxi. 54. 

— — manganese-ores, xxxiv. 1.55, 156- 
157; xxxvi. 104, 108, 110. 

ore, V. 179 ; xxiv. 25. 

pig iron, iv. 101 ; v. 214, 221, 223. 

rock salt, xxxi. 147. 

Prickers, x. 186, 188. 

— and stemmers, danger of sparks, 
xxxiii. 3-12, 61-62. 

Primary and secondary batteries, xxxv. 
59-61. 



I*KI.MAT, — , (juoted, xxxviii. abs. 14, 46. 
Priming, ^team-traps to prevent, xi. 50, 

51, 216 ; diagram, facing 50. 
Primrose coal-seam, xiii. .38. 
Prince Albert seam, xxxvii. 7. 
Princk tNi.NSDKT, death of, xi. 99. 
Princk ok Walks, quoted, xv. 251. 
Princess seam, xxxvii. 7. 
PRiNiiLK, Thomas, //(//t^Hj';/;/ in pit, Tan- 

fii/il Mi„,r, xxx. 40. 
Printing of papers, ii. 47, 48 ; iii. 3, 55- 

56; vi. 1, 198; vii. 1-2, 27-28, 179-180; 

xiii. 1-2, 11, 13r/.ve7. ; xvj. 131-132. 
Prismatic rock structure, xxxiv. 146. 
Private borings, xxvii. .38-39. 

— water rights, xxiv. 55, 59. 

Prize, Uoyal Academy, Belgium, ii. 3-5. 
I'rizes for papers, xxii. 2; xxxii., j)|i. 

viii-xii. ; xxxiii., p. viii. ; xxxv., p. x. 
Proceedings, abstracts to newspapers, 

viii. 173. 

, advertizing, iii. 235. 
— , distributir)n, ix. 65-66, 231-2.32. 
-, exchange, xiii. 13, 91-92. 
-, publication, xi. 177-178. 

, reprinting, xii. 45, 46 ; xxi. 288. 

, sale, iii. 27 ; iv. 262. 
Process of intrusion of whin sill, xx\ i. 

123, 127. 
Prochaska, Jul., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

10. 
Producta, drawing, ix. 188. 
Production of coal, iii. 66 ; iv. 133, 289, 

290-292, 295, 297-298 ; vi. 51-72, 73-74, 

76-81, 84; xix. 114, 166, 167. 

, annual, x. 113. 

, Russia, xxiv. 13-15. 

, Sydney coal-field, table, xxiv. 

210. 

, tables, x. 67-70. 

and ores, iv. .30. 

iron, iv. 1.34, 1.35. 

iron-ore, xxx. 113. 

ores, xviii. 182. 

pig iron, xxi. 251. 

Productus brachythaaeus (?), figured, vi. 

35 ; plate iv. 

— undulatus, figured, vi. 35 ; i)late iv. 
Produits mines, Belgiimi, xxvii. 176-179. 
Professors of Durham College of [Science, 

elected honorary members, xxi. 47, 82. 
Profits, coal trade, xxxvi. abs. 29, 30. 
— , French collieries, xxxii. abs. 39-41. 

— not considered in rating, xxiii. 121, 
132, 138. 

Programme of excursions, 1887, xxxvi. 

201. 
Progress, coal-mining, Derbyshire and 

Nottinghamshire, x. 117-127, 137 e< 

■'>eq. 

, Institute, xxv. 189-190. 
— , local industry, xxxvi. 131, 135. 
— , mining and metallurgy, statistics 

xxxii. abs. 33-35. 
— , railways, viii. 78. 



VOLUMES I, TO XXXVTII. 



143 



Project for supplying Newcastle and 

district with water, xxiv. 4!)-()0, 85-95. 
Propane, xxii. 28. 
Propping witli iron frames, Saarbriicken 

coal-liekl, xxvii. 187-188. 
Prospectus of College, iv. 23-31. 
Prosperity of Institute, v. 226 e.t scr/.; 

xxxii. 237. 
Protector Lamp Company, Jack-Davy 

safety-lamp, xxix. 147 ; plate xxii. 
Protectors for tubbing in upcast shafts, 

xi. 23 tt seq. 
Proteus anguinus, figured, iv. 104. 
Prudham stone, xxiv. 137, 138, 139, 140 ; 

section, 150. 

— quarries, xxvii. 16, 17. 
Prudhoe colliery, fossil shells, xii. 33. 
, plant, xxxvi. 207. 

— district, seams, xxxvii. 7. 

Prussia, accidents, fire-damp, xxxiii. abs. 
40. 

— , — , winding-ropes, xxxv. abs. 5. 
— , coal importation, vi. 90. 

— , collieries, xxvii. 31-35. 

— , — , ventilation, xxxii. abs. 22. 

— -, connnission on explosions, xxxi. abs. 

13. 

— , fire-damp commission, xxxvi. abs. IS- 
IS, 28. 

— , — , experiments, xxxvii. abs. 80- 

85 ; xxxviii. 179. 
— , geological survey, xxvii. 37. 

— , Hibernia colliery, ventilation, xii. 51. 
— , iron-ore production, xxvii. 35-36, 63. 
— , manufactured iron, vi. 96. 

— , maps and plans presented, xii. 45. 
— , mineral production, xxxii. abs. 26-27. 
— -, — statistics, xxxiv. abs. 1-3, 53-54, 
65 ; xxxv. abs. 38-39 ; xxxvi. abs. 39- 
40. 
— , miners' wages, xxxviii. abs. 65. 
— , mines, explosions, xxxii. abs. 75 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 74. 
— , — , ventilation, xii. 47-48. 
— , mining accidents, xxxii. abs. 23. 
— , — colleges and schools, xxvii. 41-42. 
— , — industries, xxvii. 25-65, 294-296. 
— , — industry and administration, xxxii. 

abs. 70-72. 
— , — laws and mining police, xxvii. 42- 

43. 
— , — machinery, improvements, xxxi. 

abs. 2C-28 ; xxxii. abs. 42. 
— , — production, vi. 70-71; xxxi. abs. 

1, 36 ; xxxv. *bs. 38 ; xxxviii. abs. 37. 
— , - schools, xxxviii. abs. 32. 
— , regulations for management of fiery 

niines, xxxv. 167-172. 
— , royal fire-damp commission, xxxii. 

abs. 64. 

, safety-lamps, xxxii. abs. 80. 
Prytherch, H. 0., quoted, xxxviii. 13. 
Przyborski, M., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 64. 
Pseudo stratification of basalt, xxvi. 123, 

124, 125. 



Publication of {)rof;eedingH, xi. 177-178. 

— Watson collection of Hections, xxii. 

134-135; xxiii. 164. 
Publicity of examinations, xxiv. 39-44, 45. 
Puddle wall, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 260. 
Puddling, xiii. 1.50, 151, 15.S. 

— ore, xxxi. 227. 

Puertollano lead-works, xxxiii. abs. 46. 
Pulacayo silver-lead mines, xxxiv. abs. 

60. 
Pulley carriage, Cambois colliery, xx. 

80 ; plate xxxiii. 
Pulleys, size of, xv. 127. 
Pulsometer, xxxiv. abs. 7. 
Pulverizers, Thompson centrifugal, 

xxxiii. 107-120, 235-237 ; plate iv. 
— , Vapart, xxxii. abs. 50. 
Pulverizing ores, xxx. 142-144 ; plate 

xxxiii. 
Pulverrauch coal-seam, section, xxviii. 56. 
Pump, automatic feeding, xxxvii. abs. 68. 
Pump-buckets, gutta-percha packing, xii. 

39. 
Pumpquart anthracite seam, xxxi. 179 ; 

section, 195. 
Pump-rods or spears, xxvii. 53. 

— spear connexions, xxxvii. abs. 9- in. 

— with captant piston, xxxviii. abs. 70. 
Pumping, V. 148 et. .seq.; xvi. 133, 135- 

140; plates xxxv.-xxxvi. ; xvii. 22 et 

seq.; xx. 220; xxi. 123-154, 157, 159- 

160; plates xxx. -xxxi. 

, electric, xxxiii. abs. 82. 
— , experiments, Liverpool water-works, 

xvi. 136, 137 ; xvii. 24. 
— , statical and dynamical pressure in 

lifting sets, xxi. 49-58, 91-103 ; plates 

iv.-ix. 
— , St. Helen's Auckland, xvi. 112. 
— , Seaton Delaval, xvi. 112. 
— , Upleatham, xvi. 99, 125-126. 

— and raising water, patents, xvii. app. 
i. 30-33; plate iv. ; xviii. app. 6-13; 
xix. app. iii. 42-46 ; xx. apj). ii. 10-14 ; 
xxi. app. ii. 10-14 ; xxii. app. ii. 12-18 ; 
xxiii. app. ii. 13-16 ; xxiv. app. ii. IS- 
IS ; XXV. app. ii. 12-18. 

— apparatus, rating, xxiji. 129-130. 
- appliances, xxiii. 229-230. 

— engine, iv. 272-273. 

, Cornish, Settlingstones, xxi. 59-66, 

91-103 ; plates x.-xii. 
, differential expansive, xxiii. 3-13; 

plates i. -ix. 

— — beam, Hartley, breaking of, xi. 
145-157 ; xii. 4-15. 

— engines, iv. 272, 289, 292, 295, 296 ; v. 
45, 49. 50, 57 ; xiii. 4? ; xv. 22, 289; 
xvii. 22; xix. 49 ; xx. 169-170; plates 
xlv.-xlviii. ; xxii. 52-53; xxvii. 21, 22, 
136, 137, 138 ; xxviii. 44-55 ; xxxii. 6. 
365-366. 

, air-vessels, xxi. 92 t/ stq., 115- 

121, 154-157, 159-160 ; plates xxvii.- 
xxix. 



144 



GEXERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Pumping-unginea, Riuicoiip, xxvii. 183. 
, lUrect-acting, XV. 19 42. 121-127: 

plates i.-ii. 
, , Newton Cap. xv. I.n I.S.I, 

294 -29^. 

, _ , Towneley, xv. UOH.'i. 

157-1()1, 294-299 : plates xxii.-xxiv. 
.duty of, xvii. 22; xix. 201-221; 

plates xxxviii. -xli. 

, South Wales, xxiii. 229. 

, Sul/.l»;uli, xxvii. 189. 

, uiulerground, Westphalia, xxvii. 

199. 
, Wylaiii colliery, ii. 159. 

— machinery, Upleatham, xvi. 97 et xeq., 
plates XV., xvi., xviii., xx. 

— , Warora colliery, xxxviii. 107- 
109. 

— power, xxviii. 177- 

Pumps, balance, for self-acting inclined- 
planes, xxxvi. abs. 6. 

— , Hastier, xv. 136 tl -le'/., 147-155; 
xvi. 133. 

— , Cameron, xvii. 22, 87. 

— , gold mines, xxxi. 164. 

— , mines, xxvii. 54-5"). 

— , mode of changing c'acks, i. 216. 

— , Perreaux valve, vi. 21. 

— , special steam, xvii. 87-94, 113. 

Puncli and thirl, bord and pillar, sketch, 
ii. 245. 

Punched holes in boiler plates, xxiv. 120 
et .leq. ; 257 '.' ■>'^7. 

— — , rivetting with, xxi. 67-69 ; plate 
xiii. 



Puncheon.s, \)\l props, x. 128, 163-164. 
Punching boih-T-piates, xx. 117 ff ■•*'</.: 

plate XXXV. 
Pnnjal), oil region, xxxvi. ab.s. 11. 

, salt riinge, xxxviii. 158. 
Purcliase, Lindley and Hutton collection, 

\. 161-162, 22.1 
Purification of coke, xxii. 8-15. 
Purifying cuke, patents, viii. 121-123. 
PuRVKs, 1)k. iI. C., (juoted, xxxi. abs. 43. 
Putters, hauling coal, iii. 248. 
Putting, Belgian coal-mines, xxvii. 178. 
PvLK, John, /IqhtuiiKj in pit, Tavjidd 

Moor, XXX. .35. 
Pylemarsh, sections, xxvii. 97. 
Pyrenees, coal-fields, xxxii. abs. 4. 
— , iron-ore, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
— , metalliferous deposits, xxxvi. al^s. 38. 
Pyrites, v. 200 ; xxiii. 69, 70, 75 ; xxviii. 

22. 
-, analyses, xxxiv. abs. 25. 
— ■, extraction of cop])er, xxxviii. abs. .32. 
--, promoting .spontaneous combustion of 

coal, x. 165, 168 (/.x*Y/., 180, 197; xxv. 

124, 125-126, 130, 182 tt stq. ; xxxvii. 

abs. 71. 
— , spontaneous combustion, xxxvi. abs. 

8. 

— deposits of Huelva, xxxvii. 27-51 ; 
plates ii. -vii. 

— in bituminous coal, xxxviii. aljs. 71. 

coal, xxxvii. abs. 74-75. 

Pyritous slates, xxxi. 153, 154, 157, 158, 

160. 
Pyrometer measurements, xxii. 18. 



Quand-tung mines, xv. 71-72. 
Quality of coal, Catalonia, xxxvi. 35. 

, Cumberland, xxxiii. 126, 128. 

, Saarbriicken, xxviii. 25-26. 

— — — , Warwickshire, xxxiii. 161- 
162. 

coke, Coppc e ovens, xxii. 89-90. 

— - — iron, xiii. 135-139. 

iron-ores, xxxv. 111-113, 117, 120- 

122, 126, 133-135, 144. 
limestones, xxi. 256, 260, 265, 267, 

268. 

ore, vi. 18-19 ; xxiv. 24, 30. 

water, xxiv. 50, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 

95. 
Quarry coal-seam, xxxvii. 7- 
— , pillar working, viii. 88 e< stq. 

— Hazle, xxiv. 134, l.So, 1.36, 137. 
Qu.artz, xxv. 83. 

— resinite, Sardinia, xxxiv. 147. 

— with hematite, xxxi. 226, 227, 228 ; 
figures, 237. 

Quartzites, xxxi. 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 

1.57, 160, 161. 
Queen Cliarlotte island, coal, xxvii. 240- 

241. 



Queen's seam, xxxvii. 7. 

Queensland, gold, xxxiv. abs. 44 ; xxxv 

abs. 26. 
Quicklime, as a timber preservative, xii 

37-38. 
Quicksand, v. 152 el seq. 
— , Haase system of sinking through 

xxxviii. abs. 29-30. 
— , Ressaix, Belgium, xxi. 14. 
— , sinking through, by compressed-air 

xxxvi. abs. 35. 
— , tubing boreholes through, x. 199-20.") 

247-249. ' 
Quicksilver, Italy, xxxiv. abs. 52. 
— , Louisiana, xxxv. abs. 41. 

, production, xxxvii. abs. 38-39. 

— mines, Almaden, xxxviii. 
53-54. 

, New Almaden, xxxviii. abs. 8. 

— — , Monte Aniiata, xxxviii. abs. 14 
15. 

QUILLACQ AND Co., — DE, 
ing and pumping - engines, 
193, 194, 270-271, 280-281; 
xxxviii. 

Quotations, authority for, vii. 2-5. 



al. 



wind- 
xxvii. 
plat( 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



14; 



R. 



Raabe-Wolf safety-lamp, cxpciinunlH, 

XXXV. 29-.32 ; plate iv. 
Rack-a-rock, xxxv. 2.30. 
Rack and pinion, xxi. 271 rl .^m/. 
Rack method of .surveying, xxxi. 84. 
Radclille and Lever coal-seams, xv. 14. 

— colliery, x. 44. 

, Knowles lubricator, XXV. 218. 

— seam, xxxvii. 7. 

Radiation, co-etlicients, iv. 178-179. 
— , heat lost by, xxxvi. 14 et .feq. 

— from earth's surface, etc., iv. 249 
e( seq. 

Radii for faces and flanks of teeth of 

wheels, xxi. 283-2S4. 
Radstock, coal-measures, ii. 252-253, 254 ; 

section, 255. 
— , coal-production, iv. 19(3. 

— group, xxvii. 89, 90; section, 97. 
Rag, kiers or stills, boilers, explosions, 

xxix. 36, .39, 41. 
Raigarh-Hinder coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Rail, sketch of, iv. 89. 

— guides, steel, France, xxxi. abs. 28. 
Railroads, work quoted, viii. 47, 48, 49, 

51, 54. 
Rails, viii. 53, 57 ; xii. 175, 191, 194, 195. 
— , fished and not fished, xxx. 33, 34, 36 

et seq. 

— in collieries, xxvii. 53. 

Railway carriages, lubricating experi- 
ments, XXV. 216, 223. 

— communication, xix. 122, 132; xxvi. 
79 ; xxvii. 43-45 ; xxx. 3, 4. 

— enterprise, xv. 51-52. 

— mileage, xxxv. 215. 

— rates, xxxiii. 161 ; xxxv. 190, 195, 
199, 204, 215. 

, Westphalia, xxvii. 194. 

— signals, Diifour compensating lever, 
xxxiii. abs. 70. 

Railways, iii. 239(^ser/. ; v. 37-39 ; xxiv, 

217-222, 227, 231. 
— , accident statistics, xxix. 39-40. 
— , Austria, iv. 60, 91. 
— , before Hedley and Stephenson, viii. 

47-48, 52-53. 
— , Bill)ao iron-ore district, xxxiii. 226- 
229. 

, Border Counties, ix. 243. 
— , built by Stephensons, viii. 67-70. 
-, carriage, iv. 87-88. 
-, — of ore, xxxii. 48. 

-, pig-iron, xxxii. 49. 

— , Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, x. 

121, 122, 124, 150, 153. 
— , development, xxxiii. abs. 83. 
— , effect on coal-trade, xii. 194. 
~, fifty years ago, xxxvi. 132. 
— , history of development, xxxvi. 132- 

134. 
— , India, xxxviii. 139, 155, 157, 161. 
-, loss of life on, xxviii. 200. 



Ilailways, Northern Kuropc xxiv. 217- 

222. 
— , opening of, xxxiv. 96-97, 114. 
— , Somorrostro mines, xxxvii, 81 el seq.; 

plate XX, 
— , underground, motive power, iii, 200, 
--, wheels improved, viii. 54. 
— , wire-rope, Prussia, xxxi. abs. 27. 
— and docks, Northern coal-field, ii. 

184-185. 
Rainfall, xxiv. 52, 90, 94 ; table, 87 ; 

xxx. 5 ; xxxviii. 8.3. 
Rainton colliery, cost of endless-chain, 

xviii. 61, 77. 

, lime cartridges, xxxiii. 17-18. 

, safety-lamps, xxiii. 21. 

, section, xxxvii. plate xxxix. 

Rainy season, xxx. 23. 

Raipur lignite, xxxiv. abs. 17. 

Raisby Hill, high quarry, section, xxi. 

270. 

, low quari'y, section, xxi. 270. 

limestone, xxi. 265, 266, 267, 268, 

269, 270. 
Raised beaches, xiii. 173-174. 
Raising coal from great depths, 

Blanchet system, xxiii. 81-92 ; plate 

xxvi. 
Raithwaite nunes, v. 199. 
Rdjputana, cobalt and danaite, xxxii. 

abs. 1. 
Rakaia gorge, co.il-seams, xxxv. 197, 198- 

199. 
Rake, A. S., mtchnnkal atokiiKj, xviii. 

115, 
— , rirefting, xviii, 4, 
— , smoke-con.sum('.rs, xvii. C8, 7(>. 
— , special steam-pump, Cameron, xvii. 

87-94, 11.3. 
Rakes, for coke-ovens, viii. 117. 
Ram, coke-oven, xxii. 18, 20. 
— , hydraulic, for lowering cages, xxxvi. 

abs. 16. 
Ram-pump, advantages, xv. 20. 30. 
Rameau, — , quoted, xxxvii. abs. 30. 
Rammeli. ventilator, xix. 227 ; plate 

xlii. ; xxvi. 156. 
Rammelsberg mine, Hartz, xxxviii. 66, 

abs. 28. 
Ranqjorc coal-field, xxxviii. 158. 
Rampside, xxxi. 218. 
Ramsay, Sir Anokew, quoted, xxxvi. 

103, 116. 
Ramsay, J. A., coal-miiiiim in Xurth 

Fonn<)!<n, xxxiv. 78-79. 
— , firing of steam boilers economically 

considered, xix. 63-68; plates xv. - 

xviii. 

, Fowler hydnmlic iriiidin<i-ti<<ii\ 

xxiii. 40. 
— , Furness hematite, xxxi. 23S. 
— , Uowrie mines, Cape Bnfon, xxvi. 61. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182, lS2b. 

10 



14(1 



GENERAL INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Kamhat, .1. A., prnctii-o of niiiie li'vi-lling, 

%x. 7-^7{) ; i>liiU'H xxxi.-xxxii. 

, i|Uiititl, xxviii. ■J.").'). 
-, /i'«»(/;i'»»/.r met/uKl of c/rnHiinj coal, 

xxvi. 141. 

, sftniitiinfoii.1 romhiiHlion of (vwi/, xxv. 

179- 1 82; plate 1. 

, Mpnti/ir for !iu/iii<i dunt in inineJt, 

xxxvi. lOl-lOtl. 
— , iiiidi rtiroiind sum i/in>i, \\. 101, lO'J. 

, wiitor -gauge, xxviii. 73. 
Kamsay, Souti T., (tijirtmeid mlh Natural 

llistin-y Soclitt/, xii. 42. 
— , liuilfr fj'pto.Hioii'i, xi. '207. 

, day of iini ttiiij, xi. '2'2'i. 
— , diicuMsloii oj' pttjur.s, xi. 140. 

, Joint sn fit y-lnitij), xi. 160-161. 
— , inniuifucture of coke, ix. 8 tt seq., 51. 
— , inarine hoilcrs, xxvii. 10. 

, Oirm sa/Vfi/ cnijf, xi. 162. 

, pillar u'orkimj, ix. 29 et .seq. 

, /troftosid committat mi ventilator.^, 

xxvii. 119. 
— , ratiiKj of ro<d-mineii, xiv. 92. 

, tokens in tulm, v. 1, 63-64. 
Kamsav, W., coal-waslier, xxxv. 2.37. 

— , wedge, xxxviii. 36-.37. 

Kunisbeck lead and zino-niines, xxxi. 
a 1.3. 24. 

Ra.msden, Geo., Lundhill colliery ex- 
plosion, V. 240-241. 

R.AMSEY AND CooKE signal indicator, 
xix. 21-26, 98; plates vii.-viii. 

Ram.skv and Fisher safety-hook, xxix. 
210-211, 21.S, 217 ; plate xlii. 

Ranmnddi coal, analysis, xxx. 18. 

Ranch coal-seam, section, xxviii. 62. 

Ranci6 iron-ores, analyses, xxxiii. abs. 
110. 

Randall MS., xv. 177. 

Randolph, Chas., quoted, v. 114 et seq. 

Randolph, John C. F., quoted, xxxvii. 
ab.s. 17. 

RANifJAN.! Coal Association, xxx. 4, 12. 

Raniganj coal-field, xxxviii. 78, 105, 107, 
159, 160. 

— group, xxxi. abs. 47. 

Rankine, Prof. — , 1872 joint meeting, 

xxi. 222, 2.35, 249. 
— , practiad {nology, xxi. 247-248. 

— , quoted, xiii. 47 ; xxi. 27, 35, 54 : 
xxii. 74. 

Ransome patent stone, xxiii. 158-159, 
160. 

— soluble glass, xi. 25. 

R.aoult, Chas., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 23. 
Rape oil as an illuminating agent, xxxv. 

5 et seq. 

lubrication, experiments, xxi. 293. 

in safety-lamps, experiments, xxxv. 

U9-35 et .feq. 
Rapid alternation of strata, xx. 155. 

— sinking, xxix. 243-247 ; plates xlvii.- 
xlviii. 

Rastbick, J. U., quoted, viii. 61, 62, 63. 



Rastrick iMtiler, xxix. 94 ; plate x. 
Ratclirte colliery, xv. 2.37- 
Rate of boring, Kind Cliaudron system, 
XX. 191. 

— — diseliarge of air, xxxiii. 95, 102, 
103. 

— - increase of coal production, xxxii. 
137-138. 

— .- — temperature underground, iv. 
8 et .teq., 204-205; xxxi. 60, 61, 64, 
65, 66. 

— sinking, v. 54. 

travelling, xxiv. 232, 233. 

tunnelling, xxxv. 230. 

wages, vi. 22, 23. 

, W'arora, xxxviii. 114 et w^., 

148 el .stq. 
Rateau, a., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 55. 
Rath, (J. \(jm., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 60. 
Rathhone, K. 1'., dry, or wind, method 

of cleaning coal, xxxi. 245-248 ; plates 

li.-liv. 
— , Liihrig nu^thod of coal-washing, 

xxix. 159-170; |)Iates xxv. -xxxi. 
Rating of coal-mines, xiv. 92, 93-95, 102- 

103, 135. 

— mines, xxiii. 117-133, 137-141, 145- 
152, 154-158. 

stokers, in navy, xiv. 56. 

Rattler, xxxii. 322 ; xxxiii. 122, 124, 133. 

— band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 328, 
330, 3.32, 333, 335, 342, 348. 

Raven's Cleugh lead-vein, xxx. 125, 126. 
Ravensworth Allerdean coal, xxvii. 10. 

steam coal, xxvi. 101. 
Raymond, Dr. R. W., quoted, xxxiii. 

abs. 64. 
Re-absorption of gas by coal, xxv. 42. 
Reading distant indicators, apparatus 

for, xxxviii. 72-73. 
Recent improvements in mining, xxxv. 

224-230. 
Reciprocating hydraulic engine, xxiii. 3 ; 

plate vii. m 

Reck, H., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 60. ^ 

Recklinghausen district, boreholes, xxvii. 

39. 
Record of mining operations suggested, 

i. 29-30. 

— — sinkings and borings, proposed, 
xiv. 8, 27.; xvi. 6. 

Recording water-gauge for pit purposes, 

xxviii. 71-73. 
Records, .seismograph, method of making, 

etc., xxxviii. 33; xxxvii. 62-63. 
Red Brae, xxxiii. 72, 77, 80 ; section, 79. 

— gypsum, analysis, xxx. 59. 

— hematite, xxvi. 71, 72, 82, 83, 84, 85. 
, analyses, xxvi. 75 83, 84, 85. 

— rock, Rothes (^ebirge, xxviii. 28. m 

— Rose Hall pit, xiii. 76 ; section, 76. " 

— sandstones, xi, 121, 179, 180 ; xiv. 28 
et si.q.; XX. 146. 

Redcar, ii. 114, 115. s 

— , proposed harbour, x. 55-56, 73. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



147 



Reilen, Merschweiler colliery, xxviii. 

51-52; sections, 56-58, 65. 
Redesdale, section, xi. 115. 

— colliery, xxii. r20-l"22. 

— ironstone, xiii. 14{)-U7 ; xxviii. 5. 

— — district, geology, xxii. 111-128; 
plates xxxi.-xxxii. ; xxiii. 41-44. 

— ironworks, v. 167; xiii. 122, 124; 
xxii. 123-124, 127-128. 

Reddish purple hematite, xxxi. 227-228. 

, analyses, xxxi. 227. 

Redheugh colliery, Archer and Robson 
sprayer, xxxvi. 100-101. 

— — , variations in faulting of coal, 
xxxviii. 49-58; plates ii.-iii. 

Redhills colliery, StaffordshLre, direct- 
acting engine, xv. 36. 

Redicher, H., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 15. 

Redmayne, J. M., Newcastle water 
•oipply, xxiv. 94. 

Reduced fees for membership, xxiii. 65. 

— flame in safety-lamps, xxxv. 8-9. 
Re-election of othcers, vi. 197-200. 
vice-presidents, vii. 180. 

Reed, Jas., Hetton- coUierij txplosion, ix. 

109-110. 
Reed, Stephen, i. 189. 
— , Sea/on Burn boiler exp1o»ion,xi. 31. 
— , presentation of section, iv. 107. 
Reelfitz pit, xxxiv. 104-105. 
Refrigerating machinery, xxxiii. abs. 88. 
Reefton, New Zealand, coal-tield, xxxv. 

186-187. 

— , , coals, analyses, xxxv. 187. 

Reference to plates, iv. 106. 

Refuge stalls, proposed, ii. 39-40, 88 ; 

plate vii. 
Reflector for compass needle, xx. 106, 108. 
Regenerators for air-engines, xxxiii. abs. 

88. 
Regent's canal, swing bridge, xxii. 67. 
Register, Buxton ventilation, x. 133-135. 
Registering water-gauge, xxxv. abs. 69. 
Regn.\ult, — , quoted, Hi. 176, 179 et 

veq. ; xxii. 1 1 ; xxiv. 66. 
Regulations, Belgian mining, xxxiv. 265- 

283. 
— , Prussian, for management of fiery 

mines, xxxv. 167-172. 
— , welfare of miners, x'xvii. 49-50. 
— , working submarine areas, NovaScotia, 

xxiv. 188. 
Regulator for centrifugal faos, xxxv. abs. 

72. 

— for gas-furnaces, xxiii. 57-58 ; plate 
xvii. 

— — incandescent lamps, automatic, 
xxxiv. 53-54. 

— ■ — winding-engine, hydraulic, xxvi. 

111-113; plate xvi. 
Hfgulators. in ventilation, vii. 38, 39, 47 

tt stq., 62 et seq., 105 et .seq., 198 el ski. 
Rehhitbel mine, explosion, xxxviii. 63-64. 
Reid, p. S., i. 215, 225, 229 ; ii. 13, 14, 

17 et seq., 79, 82-83 ; vi. 4. 



Reid, P. S., hroum coal, ix. 71. 

— , re.iiU'Mt inalliitq, ix. 68, 69-70, 149. 

, CltreJand ironslone, vi. 12. 

, cloHt-topped tnhlnn<i, xii. 22 et neq. 
— , coal production, v. 13. 
— , combined drainaqe oj'minen, v. 103-164. 

— , daten of meeting, viii. 178. 

— , destrw tire action of Jurniice-tiastH, xii. 

27. 

,f nance committee's report, ix. 65-67, 

231 et seq. 
— , frequency ofmeetinc/n, ix. 3. 

— , geology of border dixtrictx, xi. 203. 
— , Hartley colliei-y accident, xii. 7 et seq. 
— , haulage of coal, x. 145. 

— , lletton colliery explosion, ix. 91, 92, 

164. 
— , instrument for marking time, i. 251 

et seq., 260. 
— , manufacture of coke, ix. 7 et seq., 50. 
— , lou) main coal-seam, viii. 107. 

, method of tubing boreholes thrf)Ugh 

quicksands, etc., x. 199-205, 248, 249. 
— , practice with gas at blowers, iii. 33- 

51, 230, 233, 236. 

, printing of papers, vii. 179, 180. 

, purchase of books, vi. 200. 
— , quoted, x. 8; xi. 163, 165, 170. 
— , relative ages of coal formations, viii. 

185-198. 
-- , round aiid small coal, v. 11. 
— , Stephenson bequest, viii. 172 ; xii. 12. 
— , time of meeting, iv. 123. 
— , ventilating furnaces, ix. 70, 71. 
— , ventilation of mines, vi. 159. 
--, Von Carnall's present, ix. 83. 
Reipl, Prof. — , quoted, iv. 93. 
Reisweiler, section, xxviii. 65. 
Relative power of explosives, xxxvi. abs. 

48. 
value of furnace and steam jet for 

ventilation, i. 71-164, 165-183, 195-201. 

Relief fund, Belgian miners', xiii. 41, 57- 

68, 103-104, 157-158; xiv. 39-41, 69- 

70. 

— maps, construction, xxxviii. abs. 71. 
Relighting locked safety-lamps, Catrice 

apparatus, xxxvii. abs. 54. 
Rematky, —, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 89. 
Removal of dead bodies, j)rccauti()us, v. 

262-264. 
numufactures, exhausted coal-tields, 

xxxii. 139. 
Renaissance pit, Aniche, xxvii. 257 ; 

plate xxix. 
Renard pits, Auzin, xxvii. 176, 272 ; 

plates xxxi. -xxxiv. 
Res.\ui.t, B., quoted, xxxiii. abs. SI ; 

xxxvi. abs. 9. 
Renfrew, NovaScotia, xxxi. 154, 166. 
Rent duties, vi. 98. 

— value, Bensham seam, v. 140. 

Rents of coal-mines, northern coal-tield, 
ii. 193. 

— of collieries, xxiii. 126-127. 



14S 



GENERAL T\DKX TO Ttt.»NSACTIOVS. 



Konts «»r royaUioa, lk-lj?iuiii mid Friinoe, 1 

iv. --M)!, 2»'-'. '2%. 
liopiurH, iiiiulii^'f pliiiit, xvii. iipp. i. 5. 1 
lvt|Riitiiiice Hill holing, seclioii, xi. 67. 
Kopliicfiiicnl of limestone by hematite, 

xxxi. •2:{i--2:w. 

by .silicii, xxvii. 78. 
Replenishment of aii-vosaels in pumping. 

engines, xxi. llu-l'Jl, l54-ir)7 ; plates 

xxvii. -xxix. 
Report of committee of proposed Insti- 
tute, i. .S-4. 

on Turkish coals, iii. ()9-7'2. 
Reports, experiments with steam-coal, 

Keyham, xiv. 36, 47-«»r) ; plates iv.- 

Ixiii. 
— , mining inspectors, iii. 371-'i7'2. 
Reporters, not to attend meetings, viii. 

VM). 
Reporting committee, iv. 4, 23-24. 
Rej»rinting of transactions, vii. 179-180 ; 

xii. 4.'), 4t) ; xxi. 288. 
Resehitza, Domaner mine explosion, 

xxxvii. abs. 9. 
Reserve colliery, xxiv. 206. 

^ gas production, xxvii. 22.S. 

^ section and analyses of coal, xxvii. 

223. 
Reservoirs, xxiv. 49, 88, 89, 92. 

— for Newcastle, proposed, xxviii. Ho- 
ne, 177-179. 

Resistance, electrical, xxxiv. 4. 

- due to steam in pipes, coefficient, 
iii. 211-212. 

— of air in mines, i. 97-102. 

air- ways in mines, specific, iii. 154 

el st(j. ; 185 tt stq. 

materials to crushing, ix. 178 et aeq. 

tubs to traction, xxxii. abs. 15, 8.3. 

— to air-currents in mines, experiments, 
xxxviii. 205-218 ; plates xi.-xxiii. 

Reska coal-cutting machine, xxxiii. abs. 

58. 
Resolven, Swansea, steam-coal, tested at 

Keyhaiii, xiv. 49 '^t stq. ; plate x. 
Respiration, products of, iii. 354. 
Ressaix, Belgium, sinking, xx. 198. 
— , — , Ste. Barbe pit, wrought-iron 

tubbing, xxi. 14. 
Resting-gear for swing-bridges, xxii. 66. 
Restriction of coal-production, xv. 192- 

193. 
Retallack, F., quoted, xxvii. 137. 
Retinite, xxxv. 208. 
Retort for heating compressed air, xxiii. 

108 ; plate xxx. 
Retorts used in mineral-oil works, xx. 

177 it w.q. 
Retiim air, Saxon collieries, xxxii. abs. 

25-26. 
— air-course, dip workings, iv. 223-225. 

, rise workings, temperature, iv. 

214-218. 

— air-currents, xii. 131. 

Rety Colliery Company, xxvii. 162. 



Rkulkatx, .1., (|uoted, xxxiii. abs. 60. 
Rki'matx, , hydraulic rams, xxxvi. 

abs. 16-17. 

, iiietiiod of cleaning coal, xx/i. 139- 

142 ; plate xxi. 
Rki'sz, vV. vox, (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 93. 
Rkvaix, , quoted, xxxii. abs. .38. 
RkvaTX, (!., ([Uuted, xxxiii. abs. lOH. 
Revki.l, W. H., t|Uoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Reversing winding-engines, hand-gear, 

xxvi. 145-149; |)late xxii. 
Revision of rule iv., xxi. 82. 

— — rules, xviii. 107, 127-129 ; xxv. 
103, 141-142; xxvi. 131, 143, 144, 160. 

transactions, xv. 47. 

Revolving anemometers, x. 2 16-230. 

— screens, xxxiii. abs. 93. 

— spiral coal-screen, xxviii. 183-188, 208- 
209. 

Revue Universelle des Mines, exchange, 

xiii. 92. 
Rkv, — , quoted, xxxii. aba. 13. 
Rey-Pailhauk, i>e, quoted, xxxii. abs. 

52. 
Reyek, Dr. Ku., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
Rhein-rreusseu colliery, Westphalia, 

xxxi. abs. 1 1. 

— — — , — , coal-cleaning, xxxi. 245 
et ■ieq. ; xxxii. abs. 44. 

Rheine, Gottesgabe mine, combustible 

gas, xxxviii. 61. 
Rheinfelden, Basel, boring, xxx. 88, 94. 
Rhine mineral transport, xxvii. 45. 
Rhinog Fawr, xxxvi. 105 ; section, 118. 
Rhodes, — , quoted, xxxvii. 113 ; xxxviii. 

17. 
Rhondda Valley, xxxi. 177. 
Khos Esmor colliery, xxv. 99-100; 

section, 100. 
Rhynchonella tetrahedra, xxxv. 119. 
Rhynd, — , geology of Scotland, quoted, 

viii. 157. 
Riband-pillar working, x. 193, 196. 
Ricard boring, xxxv. abs. 31. 
Riccarton Junction, sections, xiii. 42. 
Rice plantations, xxx. 6. 
Rich Hill, U.S.A., iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. 
25. 
I RicH.VRDS, Chas., revision of rule-i, xxvi. 
143. 
Richards, Prok. R. H., (juoted, xxxvi. 
j abs. 52. 
RiciiAKD.s, T. J., quoted, xxxviii. 3. 
RiCH.\KDs indicator, xxx. 278-279. 
Richardson, Henry, quoted, xxxi. 96. 
I — , sinking set fitted with new windl)ore 
protector and suction regulator, xxx. 
49-42 ; plate xi. 
Rkmiakdson, J. Wi(iiiAM,mn7-ine hoiferi, 

xxvii. 9-10 d tieq. 
— , Boidker ventilatiii<i fan, xxxi. 238- 

239. 
— , mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 55. 
I — , — effects of blown-out shot.s on 
i ventilation, xxvi. 105, 106. 



VOLUMES 1. TO XXXVIIl. 



149 



Richardson, J. Wioham, strcnyih of 
wrouglit-iion in compression, xxix. 
179-KS5; plate xxxii. ; xxx. 8U-90 ; 
xxxii. 180 ; xxxiii. 63-65. 

— , iriiidiiKj tiKjlna irifhsr/J'-ac./iiK/ rarlahh- 
e.v/iansioii, xxvi. 114, I If), 116. 

Richardson, Dk. Thos., Hetton colliery 
explosion, ix. 94, 1I.'M16. 

— , quoted, iv. 66, 100, 'iTf) ; ix. 71, 94 ; 
xii. 189, 202-'204; xiii. 125, 145, 146, 
161, 224, 226; xv. 101, 145; xviii. 
37, 86. 

— , reports on experiments with steam- 
coal, Keyham, xiv. 47-65. 

Richardson and Browell, quoted, iii. 
:3. 

Richardson & Co., Edward, quoted, 
iii. app. 4. 

Richardson and Watts, quoted, xxxviii. 
70. 

Richardson seam, xix. 127, 128. 

Richelle to Theux, section, xxvi. plate iv. 

Richmond shilling, xv. 215. 

Rider, xviii. 166. 

— coal-seam, xxxiii. 151, 157, 158 : 
sections, 162. 

Riders, xxviii. 119, 120, 122. 
Ridgeway, section, xxvii. 97. 
Riding Mill, manganese, xxxvi. 117. 
Ridlees, copper? xxx. 125. 
Ridley, Ralph E., quoted, xvii. 78. 
Ridsdale ironstone shale, xxviii. 5. 

— ironworks, v. 167. 
Riffingost, iv. 76, 81, 91. 

Riga timber, tested, xxxvii. 228, 230, 240- 

243. 
Rigaud, — , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 69. 
RiGO and Meiklejohn, coal-cutting 

machine, xxviii. 75-81, 165, 188-194 ; 

plate XV. 
Rigid rod boring system, cost, xxx. 88, 

98 at seq. 
Riley, — , quoted, xxxi\-. 149. 
Riley, Edw., quoted, xxvi. 73 ; xxvii. 

134. 
Riley, W. E., quoted, xxxviii. 85, 87, 

90. 
Ring ore, xxviii. 120, 125, 152. 
Rio Tinto pyrites-mines, xxxvii. 31-32, 

45-49, plates v.-vi. 
Riots, XV. 206, 233, 245, 264. 
Ripa della Tinta, xxxiv. 147 ; section, 

158. 
Ripping, longwall working, xxi. 105 ; 

plate XXV. 
Risca, sections, xxiii. ; plates xxxvi.- 

xxxvii. 

— colliery, x. 16, 17. 

, boring, xxx. 94. 

■ — -- , explosion, xxx. 33, 42, 132 ; xxxiv. 
301-302. 

, — of air-receiver, xxxii. 192, 218, 

220 ; plate xxv. 

, Maxim incandescent lamp, xxxiv. 

41. 



Rise, working to, x. 138. 

— , , risks of, xvii. 50, 110. 

— workings, physical state of air, iv. 
212 (d .sv'.r/. 

iiises and sumj)S, xviii. 174. 
llnsoN and Bei.l safety-lamp, xvii. 38,40. 
Rittershof, section, xxviii. 65. 
Rittinger grading boxes, xxix. 163-164 ; 

plate xxvii. 
Rive de Oier, coal and coke prices, 

xxxvi. abs. 28. 
, coal-field, statistics, xxxi. abs. 

2-4. 

, coal production, xxxi. abs. 2-4. 

River Boj'ne ship, combustion of coal, 

xxv. 112-113, 115. 

— Dee seams, xxv. 94, 95. 

— gravels, xxvii. 18. 

— improvement, conti'acts, xxxiii. 234- 
235 ; sections, 235. 

— navigation, xix. 121, 132. 
Riveri and har'bours, Austria, iv. 62. 
— , north-east coast, ii. 126 ; xii. 

150-151. 
Rivetting, committee appointed, xx. 217. 
— , boiler plates, xx. 118-119 et seq. ; 

XX. 217 ; xxiv. 120-122, 257 tt seq. ; 

xxx. 78-80, 81 id s,q. 

— experiments, report, xxi. 67-69 ; 
plate xiii. 

— generally, xviii. 9-18 ; plates i. -vi. 

— machines, xviii. 3-5, 82-84. 
Road making, cost, iv. 198, 199. 
Roads in mines, difficulties in making, 

iii. 240-241. 
Roasting of auriferous ])yrites, xxxv. 

91-92. 

gold-ores, xxxi. 165. 

Roberts, David, quoted, xxv. 242. 
Roberts, Frank C, quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 70. 
Roberts, Thos., teeth of wheels, xxi. 

271-284 ; plates xlii.-xlv. 
Robiac, sections, v. 31, 35. 
Robies coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Robinson, Dr., quoted, v. 144 ; ix. 229- 

230. 
Robinson, H. W., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Robinson, John, li<jhlnin<j, Kimhh.'ororth 

colliery, xxx. 130. 
— , Lundhill colliery ex-plosion, v. 238. 
Robinson, R., coal-washer, xxxv. 236 ; 

xxxviii. 45. 
Robinson, Thos., quoted, xxxiv. 87, 88. 
Robinson, Wm., quoted, xx. 209. 
Robinson anemometer, x. 208, 228, 

236 ; xxvii. 123. 
RoBSON, E., quoted, xxiv. 36. 
RoBSON, John, (juoted, i. 2, 7, 265. 
RoBsoN, Matthew B., experiments with 

steam jets, furnace, etc.. Castle Kden 

colliery, i. 206. 
RoBSON, T. 0., Archer and Robson 

sprayer for laying dust in mines, 

xxxvi. 99-100, 101 ; plate xv. 



IM 



GEXERAI. IXDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



RdiLSdN, T. O., viirirttioii.s in faulting of 
cuul, xxxviii. 4y-iV2, ;')(», 7t~ ; pliiU's ii. 
iii. 

li4llUS4>N ANI> Jai'KNON, ijuotc'il. ill. il|)|l. '). 

Koccii Kf<U'riglii, 'rusciin^, ciippci-niiuo, 

uxploMion, xxxviii. (>.'{. 
IloriiK, K., ijuotftl, xxxii. iih.s. A. 
liotlif a raveta, eonglonieriitc, xxxiii. 

al>8. I(>. 
li<>chfl)«lle ooUiorif.s, iron fnuiu'.s, xxxvi. 

alls. .S.")-.St>. 

, oiillmist of giia, xxxii. alis. '2H. 
Roihefort-sur- Loire, xxxv. ahs. 24. 
KoriiK.i.T, I'kok. , «|Uoto(l, xxxiii. al)s. 

RtKiliestcr, hriilge over Medway, xxii. (54, 

Rock l)ed, xxxv. 108, 113, \'2:i, 145, 146. 

— boring machine, Frohlich, xxxviii. abs. 
41. 

— drills, Anzin, xxvii. 269, 271-272. 

— , Belgian mines, xxvii. 181. 

, ('ran.ston pneumatic, xxix. 221- 

225; plate.sxliv.-xlv. 

- , diamond, xxx. 93-106; xxxi. 40- 
47. 

, \V. Walker, xxxi. lOS-109; 
plate xiii. 

— — , VVarsop, xxiii. 259-264 ; j)lates 
xlvii.-xlix. 

, Westphalia, xxvii. 195-196. 

— pressure, xxxviii. abs. 64. 

— salt, analyses, xxxvi. abs. 32. 

, bitumen, etc., in, xxxviii. 61. 

, Middlesbrough, xiii. 17, 92. 

, North of England, xxxviii. 39-40. 

- sections, San I'ietro, xxxiv. 159-160. 

— temperatures, xxxiii. 21-22. 

— vein coal-seam, Pontypool, ix. 43 ; 
section, xxxi. 195. 

Rockcliif, V. 177. 

Rocket steam-engine, viii. 63 ; xxxvi. 

134. 
Rockingham colliery, plan of working, 

xxxi. plate xi. 

, Uuibal fan, xxxi. 93 ft neq. 

RococR, , quoted, xxxii. abs. 10. 
Roddymoor coal, ix. 11. 
Roui.KK, WiLH., (juoted, xxxiv. abs. 7- 
Kodosto, sea of Marmora, iii. 67, 69, 72- 

73. 

— coal-field, iii. 54 el Ntq. 

RoEMER, Pruf. F , quoted, xxxvii. 29 ; 
abs. 39. 

Rogers, Col. A. N., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 
63. 

Rogers, E., quoted, viii. 126. 

Rogers, Prof. H. D., quoted, iv. 133, 
135 ; xii. 33 ; xiii. 26, 27, .33. 

Roger and Mackworth patent coke- 
kilns, viii. 113; ix 44-45; figiues, 
facing 44. 

RdLKER, C. M., quoted, xxxi. abs. 40. 

RoLLAND, Gamille, quoted, xxxviii. 
abs. 55. 



lioller mining wedge, Ilurnett, xxxiv. 
193 1 9S ; plate xxxvii. ; xxxv. 97-101. 
Rollers of swing liii<lge8, xxii. 63 vl sfij. 
Rolley ways position of, vii. 21. 
lioUing of limestone, xxiv. 137. 

— metal, Simonds machine, xxxviii. 
abs. 48. 

Roi,MN(!s, David, I. h ml hill ((illii-ry ix. 

pliin'uni, V. 239. 
Rolls, xxviii. 126, 127, 150. 
Roman Fell grits, xxvi. 49. 
Romans, coal workings, xv. 175-176; 

xxxiv. 99 100. 
— , gohl workings, xxxv. 83. 

— , iron manufactured by, xiii. 118; xv. 
175. 

— , iron workings, xxxiv. 84. 
— , lead workings, xviii. 171. 

— mining, Spain, xxxvii. 32-34, 48-49. 

- wall, xxvii. 17, 22. 
workings, xiii. 118. 

RoMiMiY, VV'oRM.s I)E, (juotcd. xxxiii. 

alls. 97. 
RoNEV, C. H., quoted, xxxiii. 112. 
Roof, falls, in longwall working, xix. 

29-.S0. 
-- of veins, xxviii. 126, 127, 128, 134- 

135, 136, 145, 146; figures, 155. 
Room and pillar working. Cape Breton, 

xxvi. 59, 61. 
ranee system. New Zealand, xxx\ . 

202, 203. 
Roosebeck, section, xxxi. plate xl. 
Root boiler, xxix. 95, 99 ; plate viii. 
Root ventilator, xxvi. 162, 171 ; xxvii. 

101, 111. 

— , Chilton, xxx. 284 ; plate Ixii. 
Rope boring, cost, xxx. 88, 98 >■( scq. 

— fastener, self-acting, xxxii. abs. 65. 

- haulage, xvii. app. i. 169, 174 ; xxix. 
71, 74. 

, in mines, xxxv. abs. 47. 

, methods of, xxviii. 237-241, 243- 

24ij ; plates xl.-xli. 

- transport and chain haulage, xxxii. 
abs. 65 ; xxxiii. abs. 93. 

RoPKR, R. S., quoted, viii. 122, 126; ix. 

41. 
Rofer and Claridije coke-oven, ix. 42. 
Ropes, breakage, xxxi. abs. 17. 

- , endless-rope system, xvii. app. i. 94, 
121-122, 141, 160-167,170e/.se7.; plates 
xxxvii. -li. 

— , experiments upon, xxxvi. abs. 24. 

— , friction of, iii. 281-286. 

— , tail-rope system, xvii. app. i. 9-10, 

32, 35-36. 

, testing, xxxi. abs. 20. 
— , winding, xxxi. abs. 21. 

- and chains, strength of. vii. 211-217 ; 
viii. 17-18. 

RoscoE, Sir H., quoted, xxxv. 237, 238. 
Rose Bridge an<l Douglas Bank collieries, 

Bryham disconnecting hook, xix. app. 

i. 16. 



I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVllI. 



15l 



Rose Green colliery, aoction, xxvii. 97. 
group, xxxi. 106. 

— lode, xxxi. Uj'2. 

— mine, xxxi. lt)4. 

RosKBY, Jjso. , quoted, xxiv. 2(5. 
Rosedale, xiii. 4r), 4(5 ; xxxv. 125, 127 ; 

map, 145 ; seotion, 145. 
— , boring, section, vi. 193. 

— Abbey, ore and ironstone, vi. 15. 

, history of mining, xxxii. 43-45. 

, ironstone, vi. 15 ; xiii. 143-144. 

— — , magnetic ironstone, vii. 85-94 ; 
viii. 4, 5 ; xix. 19.^200 ; plates xxxiiL- 
xxxvii. ; xxxv. 128-130. 

, , analyses, xxxv. 129. 

, , microscopic section, xxxv. 

145. 

, , output, xxxv. 127, 130. 

, plan, V. 206 ; section, 207-208. 

district, mineral resources, xxxii. 

43-53 ; plates viii. -xi. 

— beds, vi. 9-10, 189 e.t snq. 

— district, percentage of iron in ore, 
xxxii. 47. 

— docks and mines, v. 196-197. 
~ East, xix. 195, 199. 

mines, xxxii. 46, 47 ; plan, 54 ; 

xxxv. 125, 126. 

— iron-ore, analysis, xxxv. 126. 

— Moor, coal, xxxii. 52. 
, sections, vii. 91-92. 

— West, xix. 193, 197, 199. 

mines, xxxv. 126 ; section, 145. 

Rosegill pit, BuUgill, section, xxxii. 334. 
RosENKRANZ hydraulic kep, xxxii. abs. 

43. 
Rosiers, Loire colliery, accident, xxxiii. 

abs. 101. 
Roslin, boring, xxx. 104. 
Ross, Alex., ascensional ventilation, 

viii. 9 et seq. 
— , boring against water in coal-mines, 

xix. 171-176 ; plates xxxi. -xxxii. 
— , gas drifts for draining goaves in coal- 
mines, and ascensional ventilation, vii. 

79-84, 113; viii. 9 e^se^. 
— , mechanical stoking for colliery 

boilers, xxvii. 205-209, 212 ; plates 

xxvi. -xxvii. 
Ross, J. A. G., apparatus for prevention 

of over-winding, xxix. 228. 
— , boiler experiments, xxix. 100. 
— , — explosions, xxxii. 216-218, 219. 
— , Bowlker ventilating fan, xxxii. 120. 
— , Butcher mechanical stoker, xxvii. 212. 
— , condensation in steam-pipes, xxix. 13. 
— , economical working of boilers at 

collieries, xxxviii. 224-225. 
— , expansion gearing for winding -engines, 

xxix. 5. 
— , explosion of air-receiver, Ryhope, 

xxxvii. 214-2i5. 
— , non-conducting covering for steam- 
pipes, xxxi. 83, 84, 85 ; xxxii. 175- 

176, 177. 



Ross, J. A. G. , previiiliirii if hoi/,,- uvci' 

dents, xxx. 81-82. 
-, safeli/'hooks, xxix. 233. 
— , sin.ngth of wroagtil-iniii in com- 

pression, xxix. 185-186. 

, Swan electric safety -lamp, xxxi. 119. 
— , water as motive power, xxviii. 180. 
Koss coal-seam, xxiv. 177, 183, 189, 194- 

197, 204, 206-207 ; section, xxvii. 225. 

, analyses, xxvii. 226. 

Rosser veins, xxiii. 211, 212-213. 

Rossi, Pkof. E. de, (iuote<l, xxxiv. ab.s. 

76 ; xxxvii. 59. 
Rotary borer, xxxii. abs. 56. 

— pumps, patents, xviii. app. 7-9. 
Rotating furnace, xxii. 46. 

Rotative beam-engine, xix. 214 ; plate 

xxxviii. 
Rotatively-working pumping-engine, xxi. 

56-57. 
Rothbury, xxiii. 42, 43 ; xxiv. 52, 54. 

— and Wooler, mineral resources, xxx. 
121-127 ; plates xxvii. -xxviii. ; xxxi. 
203-204. 

Rotherham, xxv. 14. 

RothhoUer coal-seams, xxviii. 19, 21, 25 ; 

section, 64. 
Rothley coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Rothliegendes, coal, xxxiii. abs. 17- 
Rothschild colliery, Hruschau, xxxiii. 

abs. 75. 
RoTHWELL, R. P., quoted, xxxi. abs. 

41 ; xxxiii. abs. 23 ; xxxviii. abs. 30. 
Rotten marl, Seaton Carew boring, 

xxxviii. 22 et seq. 
Roucourt pit, Aniche, xxvii. 254. 
Rouen, steamer, draught, vi. 107- 

— and Havre railways, ix. 59. 
Rougeing jet, xxxi. 55. 
Rough coal, ix. 203 ; xxxvii. 13. 
Rougham Point, xxxi. 229. 
Roumania, geology, xxxvi. abs. 31-32; 

xxxvii. abs. 78-79. 
— , salt-mines, xxxvi. abs. 31-34. 
— , - production, xxxvi. abs. 34. 
Roumelia, coal, ii. 225 ; iii. 61. 
Round and small coal, iv. 283-285 ; v. 10- 

11. 

— coal produce,longwall system, xxv. 255. 

— winding-ropes, xx. 206-207; plate Iviii. 
Roundwood colliery, Broadbent safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 7. 

— — , Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 
Rourah, xxxi. 235. 
RorsE, -, quoted, x. 238. 
RouTLEDGE, Jos., Marsaut safety-lump, 

xxxiv. 165, 167. 

RouTLEDOE, Wm., Sydney coal-beld, 
Cape Breton, xxiv. 191-216 ; plates 
xxxv. -xxxvi. 

RouTLEDGK AND JoHNSON double Com- 
bination safety-lamp, xxxiv. 1S3-18S, 
189 ; plates xxxv.-xxxvi. 

Rowan, David, Glasgow 1870 nicelmg, 
XX. 184. 



l.Vi 



f.KXEHAI. INDl-X TO TRANSACTIOVS. 



Kkwas, 1)avii», i|UoUhI, xxx. -07. 

Kowikiibiirii, 8i'ction, xi. 7*>- 

RowUKN, W. T., quotetl, wiii. p. ix. 

r/ -.,/., 7, 150. 
Uowhurut coal, section, ii. -41, '.24(1, 

•^47. 
KowUy coUury, en<Ue»8-cliiim, x vii. iipp. 
i. 77HS ; plates xi., xxiv.-xxvi. 
Hall colliery, HnnuUHnit safety-cage, 
xix. app. i. 0. 

— Rji)^, xxiii. l.'»S. 
KowiiMi Lynn dyke, ix. 19'2. 
Unxl.urjihsliin-, geology of part, xi. (>;) 

, Silurian rocks, xi. 1*21. 
l^YAL AcAUKMV OK Bkluum, ii. :i. 
Royal charter, xxii. 2. 'Ili ; xxvi. 53 

— -, copy, xxvi. p. xlix. 

— coniniiasion on coal, xvi. 131. 

_ , statistics, xxxii. 141-14_' : 

xxxviii. 30. 

^ mining accidents, xxxi. 123- 

124. 

— Dane steamer, boilers, xxvi. 96, 98 
et xf*/. ; xxvii. 9 if >«^<i- 

— grants, xiii. 192, 193, 194. 
Saxon mining bureau, xxxviii. f)3. 

Royalties, France and Belgium, iv. 
296. 

— , North of England, mountain lime- 
stone, xviii. 172. 
and leases, vi. 24. 

rating, xxiii. 12,"), 137, 145, 154 et 

seq. 

— on ironstone, x. 26. 

Rov, Edm., i|Uoted, xxxii. ab.s. 11. 
Ruapekapeka coal, analysis, xxx v. 

179. 
Rubble, xiii. 174. 
Rubia engine-plane, xxxiii. 224. 
Rubio, brown hematite, xxxiii. 213, 214, 

216. 

_, , analyses, xxxiii. 215. 

Ruby Hill silver-lead mines, xxxiv. abs. 

31. 
Ruda mine, xxxv. 83, 88. 
RrDLKR, -, quoted, iii. 211, 212, 330. 
RiDLER, F. W., rock sections from San 

Pietro, xxxiv. 159-160. 
Ruhr, navigation, xxvii. 194. 

— coal basin, xxvi. 15 ; section, 28. 
field, xii 76-77- 

, geology, xxxvi. abs. 17. 

RiiDAST, Chas., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

23. 
Ruler coal, ii. 143 ; xxx vii. 7. 
Rules for fiery mines, xxxi. abs. 14, 

15. 

— of Institute, i. 5-6,' 8 ; u. pp. xxv.- 
xxvi.; iv. p. xxiii., 262; v. 161; vi. pp. 
XXV. -xxvi. 

_ — — , revision, vii. p. xxvii. ; viii. 
p. xxxi. ; ix. 53 ; x. p. xxiii. ; xii. p. 
xxix., 92, 147-148 ; xiii. p. xxx. ; xiv. 
136; XV. 164, 293; xvi. 130, 132; 



xvii. 2, 4, 21 22, 105; xviii. 107, 127- 

129; xix. 1, ill !I2, 99-102; xxi. 82; 

XXV. 1 113, 141 142; xxvi. 131, 143, 144, 

160. 
RiMiii.K, \V. .M., ijuoted, xxix. 54. 
Rr.Nl>Ki,L, R. Oooi'KK, spontaneou.s 

combustion, coal, xxv. 133140, 178- 

179. 
Riinileroth mining district, xxxiv. al)s. 

68. 
Running sand, v. 152 <l stq. 
Runswick Hay, v. 198-199. 
Rr^.sKM,, Jas. , cnrhojiifaroii.i, Srol/iiii</, 

XX. 157. 
RrssKLL, J. C, quoted, xxxv. abs. 25. 
RUS.SKLL ANi> Son, Ja.s., quoted, x. 

202. 
Russia, coal-fields and mining industries, 

xxiv. 322, 150-152; plates i.-vii. : 

xxxvii. .')0 ; al)s. 78, 93, 94. 

, iron-productiim, xxxiii. abs. 80. 

, mineral statistics, xxxiii. abs. 34. 

, peat, xxxiii. abs. 33. 
— , Siberia, Eastern, geology, xxxvi. 

abs. 8. 
— , South, salt, xxxiv. abs. 61. 
RuTiiKKFOKi), Jno. , coal-ficlds of Nova 

Scotia, xix. 113-167. 
— , quoted, xii. 215; xxiv. 173, 178, 

180. 
RuTLEV, F., quoted, xxx. 13. 
RuTOT, A., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 106. 
Rvan, Jas., quoted, viii. 13 ; x. 194. 
Ryder, W. J. H., colza/me, xxxv. 

67. 

, /i()/i/ni)i</ in pit, Tanjield Moor, xxx. 

42." 
— , safety-lamp lock, xxxiv. 162 ; plate 

xxiv. 
Ryho])e colliery, xiii. 96 ; section, 
106; XV. 253, 260. 
— , air-compressing machinery, xxi. 73- 

82 ; plates xiv. -xxii. 

— -, broken workings, xxxi., plate 
ii. 

, explosion of air-receiver, xxxii. 

179 ; xxxviii. 3-4. 
, , report on, xxxvii. 197- 

217 ; plates xii. -xlix. 

, horses, xxxii. 107, 114. 

, indicator diagram, air-cylinder, 

xicii. 30-3J ft stq. 
, mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 41, 

54-55. 

, mules, xxxii. 155. 

, plant, xxxvi. 210-211. 

, sections, xiii. 106, 209; xxxvii. 

plate xxxviii. 
, sinking through sand, v. l^ittseq.; 

xii. 23. 

— — , surveys, xx. 92. 

, ventilation, xxxviii. 31-32. 

— steamer, x. 52; 

Ryton, coal-seams, xxxvii. 7. 
RzEUAK, A., quoted, xxxv. abs. 14. 



VOLTTMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



S. 



Saar canal, xxvii. 45. 

— drift, sections, xxviii. 59, 65. 
-- river, sections, xxviii. 65. 
Saarbrilcken, Caniphausen shafts, xxxii. 

abs. 6(). 
— , experiments with coal-dust, xxxiv. 

232 ; xxxvii. abs. 80-85. 
— , rope and chain haulage, xxxii. al)s. 

65. 
— , Royal collieries, safety-lamps, xxxii. 

abs. 80. 
— , winding-ropes, xxxi. abs. 21-24. 

— coal, analyses, xxviii. 27. 
, heating power, xxviii. 28. 

— coal-field, xxviii. 9-08 ; plates i.-xiv. ; 
xxxi. abs. 36. 

— coal-mines, xxvii. 185-190. 

— coal-prodixction, xxvii. 27. 

— division, xxviii. 17-25 ; sections, 65. 
Saarloiiis, section, xxviii. 65. 
Sabels, picks, xxx. 21. 

Saccammina Carteri, xxiv. 141, figured, 

150; XXV. 47-48; xxvii. 17- 
Sacch arine, xxxv. 237- 
Sacco Federico, quoted, xxx\ii. abs. 

15. 
Sachs, C, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 19. 
Sacre-Madame colliery, Charleroi, ex- 
pansion-gear, xxvi. 115. 

, deep shaft, xxvii. 184. 

Sacriston colliery railway, xv. 238. 

Saddle hill, ii. 235-2:i6. 

Safeguards against boiler explosions, iv. 

40-44, 52-53. 
Safety-cage committee, appointed, xvi. 

127. 
Safety-cages, viii. 5-8 ; x. 86, 95 ; xi. 

161-162; xii. 177; xv. 107-111 ti stq., 

119-120 ; xix. 50 ; xxvii. 55-56. 

, Achard, xxxvii. abs. 70. 

, Aytoun, diagram facing x. 83, 89. 

, J. Barkus, xviii. 2. 

, Broadbent, xvi. 31, 33-34, 87-88, 

106-128 ; plates iv. -v. ; xix. app. i. 5 ; 
^late vi. 

, Belgium, xxvii. 183. 

, Calow, xv. 108 ; xvi. 23-30 ; xix. 

app. i. 7 ; plate vii. 
, Denton and Whitaker, xix. app. i. 

10 ; plate ix. 

, Fourdrinier, xvi. 106. 

, Harper, xvi. 106, 113-116, 127- 

128 ; plates xxv.-xxix. 
, , indiarubber springs for, xx. 80 ; 

plate xxxiii. 

, King, xix. app. i. 9 ; plate vii. 

, Knowles, vi. 235 ; model, xiii. 13. 

, Lancashire, x. 95; xv. 30. 

, Marley, xvii. 41, 42. 

, Northern France, xxvii. 172, 277. 

— — , Ormerod, xvii. 30, 114; xix. 
app. i. 12 ; plate xiv. ; xxLx. plate 
xxxviii. 



Safety-cages, Owen, xv. 30, 107 ; xix. 
app. i. 2 ; plates i.-v. 

— — , Turner, (Jrey and Krydon, xx. 
80 ; plate xxxiii. 

, Watson, xvii. 30. 
, White and Grant, iii. 29.30, 225- 

226; xix. app. i. 11 ; plate.^ x.-xi. 
, Whitclaw, xix. app. i. 11 ; jdates 

xii.-xiii. 

— — and hooks, report of committee, 
xix. app. i. 1-23; plates i.-xvii. ; xx. 
80, 202 ; plate xxxiii. 

Safety cartridge for mines, xxxvi. abs. 

25. 
Safety-catch for cages, xxxvii. 42. 

, Klinik, xxxviii. abs. 16-17. 

inclined-planes, xxxvi. abs. 45 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 30. 
Safety-float for boilers, xi. 215-216. 
Safety-gear for railways, xxxiii. abs. 3. 
Safety-hooks, xxix. 201-219, 229-234; 

plates xxxiv. -xliii. ; xxxi. 140-141 ; 

xxxviii. 37. 
, Bryham, xix. app. i. 15 ; plate 

xvi. ; xxix. plate xxxiv. 
, Booth and Sugden, xxix. plate 

xliii. 

, Denton, xix. app. i. 15 ; plate xvi. 

, Grange, xxix. plate xxxix. 

— — , King, xix. app. i. 14; plate xv.; 
xxix. plate xxxvi. 

, King and Humble, xxix. plate 

xxxvii. 
, Knowles, vi. 235 ; viii. 5 ; xxix. 

plate xxxv. 
, Mc(!ill, xix. app. i. 16 ; plate xvii. 

— — , Ramsey and Fisher, xxix. plate 
xlii. 

, Walker, xxiv. .35-37 ; plate xii. ; 

xxix. plates xl.-xli. 

Safety-lamp committee, appointed, xii. 
74 ; xvii. 4. 

, reports, xvii. 5-19, 37-40; dis- 
cussion, xvi. 91 ; xvii. 1, 2, 33, 60. 

Safety-lamps, i. 23-25, 301-322 ; ii. 21, 26- 
30, 51-56, 78fe/' s,q. : viii. 42, 43-45, 46, 47; 
X. 18-19, 26, 126, 139, 142-143 ; xii. 72- 
76 ; XV. 50-51, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 
227-228, 238, 243 ; xix. 48 : xxv. 194 ; 
xxxi. 126-127 ; xxxiii. abs. 58 ; xxxiv. 
abs. 50 ; xxxv. 240, 242 ; xxxW. abs. 
15, 43 ; xxxviii. 37. 

, Abbot, xi. 160. 

— — , aluminium wire-gauze, ix. 255 ; 
xi. 178-179. 

— — , Bainbridge, xxiii. 15-25 ; plate 
X. ; xxxvii. 75-79 ; plate xix. 

— -^, Belgian government commis- 
sion's report, xxix. 113-139; plates 
xiv.-xxi. 

, benzine, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

— — , Boty, i. 308-317 ; xxxviii. abs. 
38-41. 



15J 



GENERAL INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Safety liiinim, nouriiu, xii. 4'{. 

, t;ail uiul (ilovur, xvii. IW, 40. 
, Cainb«iwt«li'8, xxxvi. iil>«. 4.S. 
, (Jlaniiy, i. 190 lUI, ms-317 ; 
XV. '22-2 : xvii. '2 11, IS 19. .'W. 40. 

, cU-uning muchine, xxxvii. l'Jl-r2'2; 
plfttf xxix. 

, Oriiij,' imd HiiliUr look, xix. 15- 
16 ; iilute V. 

— — , Cuvelier lock, xix. 15, IC ; xxxvi. 
51-54 ; pliitfs vii.-viii. ; xxxvii. abH. 1. 

— , Dii^'IImIi, xvi. 91. 

, Daglisli UM.I l''l(M)(l, xvii. liH, 40. 

, Davy, i. 305 tt sdj. ,- x. 250; xv. 
71,2*24; xvii. 2, 12-19, .S9; xxix. 142, 
143, 145 It Mq. 

, Douglaa, xxxv. 65-67 ; plate viii. 

, Kloin, i. 308-317 ; xvii. 19. 

, expeiiinents, i. 2.V2, 311, 316; xv. 
101, 102, 145; xxxii. abs. 17; xxxiii. 
aba. 39 ; xxxvii. abs. 73 ; xxxviii. abs. 
41-44. 

, ^ , Hetton, xvii. 1-3, 5 it seq., 33- 

34, 37-40, 60-63 ; i)lates i.-ii. 
, Fife, i. 269-270. 

— — , gauzeless, xxxvii. 69-74 ; plate 
xviii. 

, Glover, i. 187 'I ■^'•q., '268. 

, Glover and Cail, xvii. 38, 40. 

, Hall, i. 268, 323-336 ; ii. 21-30. 

, Hann, xviii. 5. 

_ _, Higg, xvii. 1, 37, 39. 

— — , Jones, xi. 159-161. 

, Kurner, xxxii. abs. 44. 

, lighting power, i. 332. 

— , locks, ii. 55-56; xiii. 2-3; xviii. 
2. 

, Macrcie, xvii. 19. 

— — , Marsaut, xxxii. abs. 16; xxxiii. 
abs. 39 ; xxxiv. 161-167; plate xxiv. ; 
xxxvi. abs. 43. 

, Maskelyne electric, xxxvii. 113- 

116. 
, Morison, xvii. 2-4, 38-40 ; lock, 

xviii. 2. 
, Mueseler, i. 308-317 ; xvii. 18- 

19, 62; xxix. 141-144, 145 tt .^eq. ; 

xxxii. abs. 62. 
, multitubular, xxix. 155. 

— — , patents, xvii. app. ii. 40-47 ; 
plate vi. ; xviii. app. 18-20; xix. 
app. iii. 49-51 ; xx. app. ii. 16 ; xxi. 
app. ii. 15 ; xxii. app. ii. 20-21 ; 
xxiii. app. ii. 17-18; xxiv. app. ii. 20- 
21 ; XXV. app. ii. 19-20. 

, Pieler, xxxiv. 285-289; plate xl. ; 

xxxviii. 177, 181. 

, relighting, xxxvii. abs. 54. 

, Ritson and Bell, xvii. 38, 40. 

__ — ^ Routledge-.Tohnson, xxxiv. 183- 

190, 295-296 ; plates xxxv. -xxxvi. 
, Schanschieff, xxxvi. 87-93; plate 

xiii. 

, self-extinguishing, xvi. 5. 

, Sharp and Young, xvii. 40. 



Safety -lamps, Stephenson, i. 303 it sit/., 
viii. 13, 41 ; xv. 223; xvii. 2, 4, IS 19, 
39, 56, 59, 60 d -seq. 
— , Swan tJlectric, xxx. 149-159; phiif 
xxxviii.; xxxi. 117-119; plate xxi.; 
xxxv. 51-64; plate vii.; xxxvi. 3-11, 
55-59 ; plate i. 

— - , Swete portable electric, xxxviii. 
17-19 

, Teale, xvii. 1. 

, testing, xxxv. 3-44; plates i.-iv. 

, Upton and Rol)orts, i. 323. 

, used in j>illar working, ix. 20, 26- 

27, 30 ft srq. 

, weigiits of, xxxiv. abs. 50. 

— , Wolf, xxxiv. 291-295 ; plates xli.- 
xlii. 

— , Wood, xvii. 37-38, 62-63. 

and shot-firing, xxiv. 63-70, 168 

172. 
Safety-pipes, respiratory, ii. 85-89; plates 

i. ii. iii. 
Safety spirit lamps, xxxii. abs. 44. 

— valve, direct-acting spring, xxi. 285- 
286 ; plate xlvi. 

, for steam boilers, iv. 116-117 ; xi. 

50; diagram, facing 50 ; xxxii. al)s. 57- 

Sagger clay, ii. 254. 

Saiiara, proposed flooding, xxxiii. aV)8. 
43. 

Sailing and steam vessels, vi. 107-108. 

St. Andrew's colliery, haulage experi- 
ments, iii. 308. 

— Ambroix, v. 38-40. 

— Avoid, Kind-Chaudron boring system, 
XX. 188. 

— Barbe, Ressaix, wrought iron tul)bing, 
xxi. 14. 

— Bees borehole, xxxiii. 129, 143 ; xxxv. 
225. 

sandstone, xxviii. 117, 118; section, 

155; xxxi. 218, 224; sections, 237; 
xxxii. 355 ; xxxiii. 129, 136, 144. 

— Bride's Bay, xxxi. 177. 

— Clair colliery, U.S.A., xiii. 83; section, 
38. 

— Dizier, iron-ore, analysis, xxv. 76. 

— Etienne, coal and coke, prices, xxxii. 
abs. 12 ; xxxiv. abs. 50 ; xxxvi. abs. 31. 

— — collieries, electric machinery, 
xxxiii. abs. 71. 

— Felicit(' shaft, Mons, xxvii. 178. 

— Genevieve, U.S.A., copper-deposit, 
xxxiii. abs. 26. 

— George colliery, xix. 117-118, 121. 

— George's Bay, Newfoundland, xxiiL 
167, 174, 176 ; plate xxxv. 

— Gothardt tunnel, xxxi. abs." 29, 44 
xxxii. abs. 38 ; xxxv. 229, 230. 

, temperatures, xxxiii. 19-34. 

— Helen's Auckland, coal seams, xv. 14. 

— — — colliery, conveyance of steam, 
V. 113-114. 

, pumping apparatus, xvi. 112, 

132-133. 



VOLUMES T. TO XXXVIII. 



ir>r) 



St. Helen's Avicklaiul colliery, White and 

Grant safety-cage, xix. app. i. 11, 22. 
Hilda colliery. South iShields, xv. 53. 

247. 
, Guibal fan, xxvii. 105, 107, 

112. 

— , plant, xxxvi. 208. 

, sections, xxxvii.,platesxxxviii., 

xl. 

, steam- jet, i. 261. 

— , ventilating fans, xxvi. 154 d 

seq.; 166. 

— Ingbert colliery, xxviii. IS, 20 ; 
sections, 20, 64. 

Jean de liriuges boring, xxxiv. abs. 14. 

— John's coUiei'y, Normanton, electric 
motors, xxxviii. 39. 

— — — , — , haulage, xxix. 74. 

— John's pit, Staveley, Calow discon- 
necting hook, xix. app. i. 14. 

— , — , — safety-cage, xix. app. i. 

8-9. 

— Julien iron ore, analysis, xxv. 76. 

— Kereszt mine, xxxv. 81, 86-87- 

— Lawrence, Victoria bridge, viii. 78. 

— Louis, U.S.A., earthquake, xxxvii. 56. 

shaft, Mous, xxvii. 176-177. 

tunnel, ventilation, xxxii. abs. 63. 

— Mary's Bay, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 72. 
loch scheme, Edinburgh, xxiv. 57, 

93. 

— - river, xxxi. 156. 

— Oswald's whin dyke, xxiv. 138-139. 

— Osyth, steamer, indicator diagrams, 
xxiv. 115-117; plates xxx. -xxxi. 

— Taul's bay. Nova Scotia, xxvi. 73. 

— Petersburg canal, xxxv. 229, 232. 

— Vaast, Belgium, machines worked by 
compressed air, xxi. 199-218 ; plate 
xxxiii. 

Saise, Dr. W., geology of Bristol coal- 
field, xxvii. 87-97 ; plates vi.-ix. 

— , intrusion of the. wltlii sill, xxvii. 78-79. 

— , Kurhurballee coal-field and Indian 
coals, xxx. 3-24. 

— , levelliiKj iiLstrimieufs, xxvii. 6, 8. 

Saladin, E., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 21. 

Sale of coal, ii. 150-151, 154, 176, 196, 
199 ; V. 38 ; vi. 48 ; xiii. 29, 30 ; xxv. 
153. 

collieries, xv. 249, 251, 262, 263. 

jet, V. 180. 

ore, xix. 199. 

transactions, iii. 27 ; ix. 66, 232. 

Salisbury, Dr. — , quoted, iv. 133, 136- 
137. 

Salobro, Bahia, mines, xxxiv. abs. 38. 

Salomon, Geo., quoted, xxxii. abs. 11. 

Salt, annual production, xxi. 176, 1S6, 
196. 

— , Bavaria, production, xxxii. abs. 58. 

— , bitumen in, xxxviii. 61. 

— , laying dust in mines, xxxi. 145- L'O. 

— , New Red Sandstone, Middlesbrough, 
xiii. 17-24, 92-94. 



Salt, Nortii of England, xxxviii. 39-40. 
— , Prussia, manufacture, xxxii. abs. 71. 

, Salies, xxxiv. al)H. 14. 
— , Soudan, xxxiv. abs. .">l. 

, Southern Kussia, xxxiv. al)s 61. 
Salt-deposits, Volterra, xxxvii. abs. 14. 

and springs, vi. 2H-29. 

Salt-mines, explosions in, xxxviii. 61. 
, Roumania, xxxvi. ab-. 31. 

— range, In<lia, xxxviii. 158. 
Salter, J., quoted, xxvii. 219. 
Salter, xxxiv. 127. 

— Hall mines, xxviii. 114, 128, 129, 
149. 

Sailers l)ridge, boring, xxxviii. 189. 
Saltom colliery, xxxiv. 103, 109. 
Salts found in coal-pits, xiii. 219-226. 

— in sea water, xxxi. 148, 150. 
Samquai river, xxxiv. 68. 

San Bernabe iron-mine, section, xxxiii. 
235. 

— Cebrian colliery, xxxvi. 118, 120. 

— Domingo, gold, xxxiii. abs. 23. 

— Ferniin incline, xxxiii. 223-224 ; dia- 
gram, 223. 

San Juan, Colorado, mining region, 

xxxiii. abs. 63-64. 

de las Abadesas,blue marls, x xx vi. 38. 

, coal-field, xxxvi. 33, 34- 

36, 37 ; section, 40. 
, upper red beds, xxxvi. 38. 

— Miguel and Begoiia iron-mines, xxxiii. 
214 ; section, 235. 

— Pietro, manganese-deposit, xxxiv. 
145-158 ; plates xx.-xxiii. 

— — , rocks, xxxiv. 159-160. 
Sanchez Y Massia, J., quoted, xxxii. 

abs. 50. 
— , wind-furnace, xxxiii. abs. 46. 
Sand, V. 44, 46, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 

154 ; section, 59. 
— , sinking through, v. 148 et seq. ; xxxii. 

abs. 51. 

— cartridges, xxxviii. abs. 7. 

— rock, Holwell, xxxv. 122. 
SANDBER(iER, Fr. , quoted, xxxv. abs. 

3. 
Sanderson, Frances, quoted, viii. 74. 
Sanderson, R. B. ii. 75-76, 77, 94-96. 
— , Newcastle water supply, xxiv. 54, 56- 

59. 

— , statical and duiiamical pressure in 
/i/tiixj sets, xxi. 91-94. 

— , use of air-vessels in pumping-engines 

and their replenishment, xxi. 115-121, 

155-156 ; plates xxvii. -xxix. 
Sandsend, v. 199. 
Sandstone escarpment, India, section, 

xxx. 6. 
Sandstones, iii. 65, 67 : viii. 27 ; xxii. 

113-116; xxiv. 75, 76; xxxi. 153,154; 

xxxii. 151, 153. 
Sandwich, Earl of, quoted, xxxviii. 65. 
Sandy Hook, boiler experiments, xxxii. 

197 ; plate xxviii. 



ir)6 



r.ENERAI. INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS 



San(lyoit>ft buttery for cnisliing gold 

t|Uiirt^, xxxviii. 175. 
Siiii^uttv nhivft, xxxii. 6. 
Siiiiki-y Viilluy viiwluct, viii. r>9. 
Saiiii Valley, iv. G'A, (Ui. JK) : miip, lOG. 
Suiitii Aim cuaiiiiiiies, xxxiv. ahs. 36-37. 
-- Ft' iiiincs, xxxiv. jiljs. (iO. 

— RoHa, Mexico, coal, xxxii. aha. 84. 
Sante-ssoN, H., (juotcd, xxxiii. uhs. 53. 
SArt)KTA, iVlAKyris hk, (|uoteil, xxxiv. 

aliH. 16. 
Sarilinia, argentiferous lead-ore, xxxvii. 

alts. 6. 
— , mangaiiese-ores, anal^yses, xxxiv. l.'iO. 

- , — , descriptive table, xxxiv. 151. 

Sars-Longchamps colliery, compressed- 
air machinery, xxi. 199-218 ; plate 
xxxiii. 

— , natural pit, xxiii. 70-71, 96; 

sections and plans, 80. 
Sarti, sinkings, xxxviii. 82. 
Sarzana coal-lield, xxxiii. abs. 28. 
Sattel coal-seam, xxvii. 192. 
Sault Ste. Marie sandstones, xxiv. 240. 
SAiNUEKsbar-channeler, xxxviii. abs. 20- 

21. 
8aundersfoot, xxiii. 243 ; xxxi. 178. 
Saving machinery, xxvii. 15-16. 
Sawyer, A. R., damjtr of spurts J'roin 

prirktrs ami stei/imtri, xxxiii. 6. 
— , mining, Saarbrucken, and structure 

of coal-held, xxviii. 9-67. 
— , notes on Mueseler safety-lamp, xxix. 

141-144. 
Saxony, artesian wells, xxxviii. abs. 13-14. 
— , Boiler Inspection Society, xxix. 34-35. 
— , Camphauseu shafts, xxxii. abs. 66. 
— , chemical analysis of return air, xxxii. 

abs. 25. 
— , coal-production, vi. 67 ; xxvii. 29, 

34 ; xxxi. abs. 2, 36. 
— , coal-workings, xv. 176. 
— , mines, gas, xxxviii. 67, 69. 
— , work tlone by fans, xxxii. abs. 21. 
— , Zwickau collieries, xxxii. abs. 41. 
Scaffold, Oaks colliery, xxv. 37-38 ; plate 

XXX vi. 
Scale in boilers, xi. 54, 208-209, 214-215 ; 

xviii. 116 e< .leq. ; xix. 9; xx. 125 et 

6tq. 
Scales in ventilation, vii. 19, 39, 49 et 

seq. 

— of maps, xxxv. abs. 10-13. 
Scandinavian bituminous-deposits, xxxv. 

abs. 25. 

— drift, xiii. 173. 

Scar limestone, xiii. 186 ; xxiv. 135 ; 

xxv. 231 ; sections, xxv. 238; xxxiv. 

130 ; section, 136 ; xxxvii. 12. 
ScHAEFFEK, A. G., quoted, xxiv. 124. 

SCHAEFFER, PROF. ChAS. A., quoted, 

xxxiii. abs. 62. 
Schafakzik, Dr. Franz, quoted, xxxiv. 

abs. 32. 
Schaffer pressure-gauge, xi. 29. 



SciiANsciiiEFF, . primary Hingle-liqui<l 

battery .safety-lamp, xxxvi. 89-93. 
Scharnhorst coal-seam, section, xxviii (52. 
Schauniberg, section, xxviii. 65. 
— , experiments with coal-dust, xxxiv. 

232. 
ScHELL, Fr., ijuoted, xxxii. abs. 60. 
Scliemnit/, geology, xxxv. abs. 58. 
ScHERTEL, A., (juoted, XXX vi. ai)s. 40. 
Schkikkr-Kestnkr, - , (|Uoted, xxxvi. 

abs. 26; xxxvii. abs. 86, 87. 
SciiiKi.E ventilating fan, xxxi. 241 ; 

xxxviii. 31. 
-, Browney colliery, xxviii. 106. 

— — , llotherham, xxx. 279 ; plates 
li.-lii. 

, useful elFect, xxvii. 110. 

Schiller, --, gift of maps, etc., xii. 45. 
ScniNDLER, Gen. A. H., quoted, xxxi. 

abs. 39 ; xxxiv. abs. 19. 
Schladel)ach, boring, xxxv. 225-226 ; 

xxxviii. abs. 1. 
Schlafhiiuser, workmen's hotels, xxvii. 

188. 
ScHLEMMER, — , quoteil, xxxiii. abs. 70. 
Schlichgold, xxxv. 86. 

ScHMlUTiMANN, , quoted, XXX. 101. 

Scii.MiTT revolving spiral .screen, xxviii. 

183-188,208-209; plates xxxv.-xxxviii. 
Schmitt-Manuerbach, Adolph, quoted, 

xxxvii. abs. 18. 
Scu.MiTZ, E. J., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 23. 
Schneider, Rudolph, quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 50. 
ScHOETTLER, R. , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

88. 
Scholarships, xviii. 31. 
Schonebeck boring, xxx. 86-87. 
Sch< inborn mine, gas, xxxviii. 64. 
SCHONDOKFF, Dr. , quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 4, 38, 41. 
Sch.mstein, iv. 76, 81, 91. 
Schools, mining, ii. 48 ; xxi. 27-30 ; 

xxviii. 32-35 ; xxxi. abs. 12, 13 ; xxxvi. 

abs. 52 ; xxxviii. abs. 32. 
School of mines, Li6ge, xxxiii. abs. 80. 
Schooner Pond, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 176, 

177, 182, 197. 

colliery, xix. 144 ; xxiv. 204. 

ScHRAM drills, xxxi. abs. 45, 46, 47. 
ScHROETER, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 88. 
ScHUCKERT dynamo, xxxiv. 13. 
Schuckmann coal-seam, xxvii. 190 ; 

section, xxviii. 56. 
ScHULZ, Prof. W., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

5 ; xxxviii. aljs. 65. 
Schuylkill collieries, U.S.A., xiii. 32. 

— district, U.S.A., iv. 130-131 ; xiii. 25, 
32-34. 

Schwabweiler, petroleum -deposits, xxxiv. 

abs. 67. 
Schwalbach coal-seam, xxviii. 24 ; 

sections, 56, 65. 
Schwebeuder pfeilerbau, xxviii. 38. 

— strebbau, xxviii. 39. 



I 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



li 



Science and Art Department, South 
Kensington, quoted, xvii. 97, 100. 

, technical education scheme, 

xix. 188-189. 

Scientific and statistical compilations, ix. 
240, 24-2, 245. 

— education committee appointed, xix. 
40. 

Scot Lane coUieiy, Wigan, Lancashix'e, 
compressed-air machinery, xxi. 203- 
205. 

, — , — , endless-rope, xvii. app. 

i. 141. 

Scotch cannel, gases evolved, xxvi. 35. 

— ports, casualties in coal cargoes, xxv. 
135-136. 

— railways, ix. 59. 
Scotland, basalt, xxiii. lGO-161. 

— , carboniferous formation, xx. 131-157 ; 

lower carboniferous formation, xxi. 

264 ; plate xxxv. 
— , coal-measures, xi. 135. 
— , coal produced, x. 66. 
— , — shipped from, x, 68. 
Scott, Andrew, ttchiiica/ tducation, xvii. 

103. 
Scott, G. F. quoted, xxxiv. abs. 18. 
Scott, Capt. H. C, ■■ipontantoiis cotii- 

huntion of coal, xxv. 116 et neq., 187. 
Scott, T. E. , quoted, xxi. 270. 
Scram or shale, xxxii. 322. 
Scranton, U.S.A., xiii. 26 ; sections, 

35-37. 
Screened coals, xxviii. 207. 

for boilers, xxix. 99. 

Screening, xxiii. 221. 

— and loading coals, Hick, xxi. 295-298 ; 
plates xlvii.-xlviii. 

— coal, xiii. 27, 28 ; xv. 205 ; xxxiii. 
157 ; XXXV. 236. 

— — , Eeumaux method, xxvi. 139-142 ; 
plate xxi. 

, Warora colliery, xxxviii. 106-107. 

— lead-ore, xxvii. 19-20. 
Screens, revolving, xxxiii. abs. 93. 
Scremerston, ix. 188, 189, 190, 212; 

xxiii. 41. 
— , synopsis of strata, xxxvii. 13. 

— coal-ticld, xi. 104, 105, 116, 117, 133. 

— colliery, ix. 204, 21-4-216, 220-222. 
, longwall, xvii. 1 10. 

— main coal scam, ix. 204, 214-216, 218, 
224 ; xxiii. 43 ; xxxvii. 13, 19. 

Screw clip, Jackson, xxviii. 244-246 ; 
plate xli. 

— clutch, for attaching tubs, xxix. 73-74. 

— colliers, xv. 247, 258-259. 
Screw-steamers, introduction of, xii. 194. 
Scroll-drums, xx. 211-212, 213 et seq.; 

plate Ixi. ; xxi. 85-!l0, 219 ; plates 

xxiii.-xxiv. ; xxv. 201, 209. 

, weight of, xxiii. 36 tt xtq. 

ScuDUER, Sam. H., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

65. 
Scum collector, xxix. 54. 



Scum pipes, xi. 54. 
Sea, Africa, interior, xxxiii. abH. 73. 
— , loss of life at, xxviii. 200. 
Sea Coal Hay, xix. 163. 
Scaham, ii. 117-118. 

— and Seaton winning, v. 117. 

— collieries, xv. 243. 

, plant, xxxvi. 211-212. 

, section, xiii. 106. 

— colliery, barometer observations dur- 
ing scaling up of Maudlin seam, xxxii. 
225-316 ; plates xxx.-xxxi. 

— - , chain counter-balance, xx. 209- 
210 ; plate Ix. 

— — , Daglish lubricators, xxv. 217; 
plate Ix. 

— — , engine-plane, xvi. 55-56 ; plate 
xiii. 

, explosion, xxxii. abs. 6. 

, faulting, xxxviii. 202. 

, Fleuss apj)aratus, xxxi. 202. 

, sections, xxxvii. plates xxxviii.- 

xxxix. 
, tail-rope system, xvii. app. i. 13- 

22; plates ii.-iii.; xviii. 79. 
, ventilation, xiii. 51 ; xvi. 51. 

— Harbour, x. 55 ; xv. 228, 234. 
, meeting at, xvii. 95-104. 

— winning, i. 25; v. 57, 117-129. 
, feeders of water, v. 151 tl ■■^tq.; 

xii. 21, 23. 
Seam rips, cause of, xviii. 82. 
in boilers, xx. 56 et seq., 122 ; plate 

xxix. 
Seaton Burn collieiy, boiler explosion, 

viii. 86; xi. 27-56, 207, 214; diagrams 

facing 27, 28, 49; xxxii. 192; plate xxv. 
, pillar working, ix. 27-28 ; plan 

facing 27. 

— Carew, boring, xxxviii. 21-25. 
, lias, X. 201. 

— colliery, xiii. 206 ; sections, 206, 209. 
, heat given off from workings, 249, 

250. 
, meteorological observations, vii. 

205-207. 

, method of working, vii. 59. 

, sinking, xii. 21. 

, ventilation, xvii. 28. 

, — experiments, i. 79-81 ; vii. 208 

tt aeq. 

— Delaval collieries, viii. 24, 25, 26 ; 
XV. 237, 244. 

, Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 

, haulage experiments, v. 71, 104. 

, horses, xxxii. 109. 

— — — , plant, xxxvi. 201. 
, pumping, xvi. 112. 

, steam-haulage experiments, v. 

71-74, 104. 

, steam jets, i. 57, 90. 

, tail-rope system, xv. 90. 91 : 

xvii. app. i. 23-31 : plates iv.-v. 

— ironworks, xxxiv. 89, 90, 91. 
Seatings of boilers, xxix. 92-99 ; plate xii. 



158 



OENKKAI. INDIX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Secoiiil IiiiiL>8tone, xxviii. ll.'i, 114. 126, 
l-'l). l.SO; Hections, 155; wxiv. 1*26, 
\'>H ; atatitiliH, \'Mi. 

Sccumiiuy liatteries, xxxiv. GO Ji'J. 

— —, electric siifety-hiinps, X xxviii. 18. 

— iroiiore«, France, xx\. '){• 7S ; plates 
xxxix.-xl. 

— rocks, Kngland, iron-ores, xxxv. 103- 
157 ; plates x.-xxii. 

Secrecy of cxiiniiiiiit ions, xxiv. 39-44,45. 
Secretary, ai)poinliiiLnt of, i. 2 ; ii. 256 ; 

ix. 6« G7, 232-233, 252-253 ; xi. 6 ; xii. 

145-147: xvi. 23, 101, 128. 
Sections, coal-Held, proposals for, ii. 186- 

18S. 
— , Kast Sonier.set anil (iloiicester coal- 

tieia, ii. 253. 
— , Lake .'superior, xxiv. 248. 
-, Lun.lliill colliery, v. 231-233. 
— , mines, li. 240-243. 
— , pits and machinery, v. 43. 
— , (juicksand, v. 50. 
— , seams, iv. 106 ; v. 29, 31. 

— , Silver Islet mine, xxiv. 24S. 

-, .strata, v. 177, 170, ISO, 185-1S6, 
ISO, 101, 102, 103, 104, I!I5 107, I OS, 
100, 200, 201-202, 203, 204 205, 206, 
218. 

— , Wallsend, v. 1.36. 

— , Watson collection, xxii. 134-135. 

— and borings, cost of publication, xxvii. 
141. 

Secundus dyke, xxviii. 21. 

Securite, xxxvi. 70-86, 121. 

— , experiments, xxxviii. abs. 57, 64. 

Sedgetield boring, xxv. 235. 

Seu(;\vick, Prof. - , quoted, xix. 102- 

103; xxxiii. 165, 169 ; xxxvii. 9. 
Sediment-collectors, for boilers, xi. 54,55 ; 

<liagram facing 54. 
Skei), W., (juoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
SkelaM), Ferd., (juoted, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
Seend, Wiltshire, iron-ore deposits, 

xxxv. 143-145. 

— , — , , analysis, xxxv. 144. 

— , — , — , geological map, xxxv. 

145; section, xxxv. 145. 

— , — , , output, 145. 

Seghill colliery, viii. 2(5, 27. 

— — , Butcher mechanical stoker, xxvii. 
208, 211. 

railway, xv. 238. 

Segre river, xxxvi. 33, 39. 

Sehakh.xitl, — , quoted, iii. 23. 

Seine, canalisation, xxxii. abs. 11. 

— , navigation, vi. 107. 

Seismic movements and issues of gas, 

xxxvi. 43, al)s. 43. 
Seismographic ma]), Western Europe, 

xxxiii. 1S2. 
Seismographs, xxxvii. 55-56, 58-65. 
Seismological instruments, xxxiv. 168, 

169, 171. 

, report on, xxxvii. 58-64. 

Seismometer, xxxiv. abs. 65. 



Seisnioacope, improvt-d form, xxxvii. 

101-113; plate xxi. 
— , meaning of, xxxvii. 66. 

, Palmieri, xxxvii. 64. 
Se.I()1'rnkt, (pioted, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
Seijjai'II, C, inc/liKidon of' (luMav 

Ailol/ih Unriholc, xxix. 189 190. 
Selby, bascule bridge, xxii. 71. 
Sei.hy, Sir (i., quoted, xxxvii. 9, 23. 
Selenito, xxx. 57, 58. 
Selenitic plaster, xxiv. 152-154. 
Self-acting alarm, boilers, iv. 40. 

blast-furnaces, xx. 166-167- 

- — hydraulic coal-cutting machine, 

xiv. 83-89, nUtts,-,,., 135; plate Ixxii. 

inclines, xxxv. 189; abs. 64. 

plane, John Liddell, iii. 261-262, 

270-274. 
I)lane8, ix. 25 ; x. 38, 39, 156. 

— rope fastener, xxxii. abs. 65. 
variable expansion \vin<ling-engine, 

xxvi. 100-117; j)lateH xiii.-xvii. 

— — water tank, xxxvii. abs. 54. 

Self extinguishing safety-lamps, xi. 159- 
161 ; xii. 43 ; xvi. 5. 
feeding apparatus for bcjiler furnaces, 
xviii. 10Se/.<'7. ,• plate xxxv. 

— lubricating machine, xxv. 221 ; ])late 
Ixix. 

registering thermometers, xxxi. 68. 
Selivrea coal, iii. 54. 
Selston colliery, Guibal ventilator, xix. 

228. 
Selwin-Ibuetson, Sir H., letter, xxiv. 

39. 
Selwyn, - , quoted, xxvii. 21.3, 2.37; 

xxxi. 155, abs. 42. 
Semarks, — , quoted, xxix. 13. 
Semet coke-oven, xxxiii. abs. 66. 
Semmering j>ass, iv. 92-94. 
Senhouse, high band coal-seam, section, 

xxxii. 331 ; xxxiii. loO, 131, 140, 141, 

143, 145, 146. 
Sennevy-le-Bas iion-ore, analysis, xxv. 

76. 
Seo de Urgel, coal, analyses, xxxvi. 36. 

, coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 35. 

— , coal-measures, xxxvi. 33, 34, 

36. 
Separate ventilation, xxxi. abs. 31-34. 
Sequachee valley, Tennesse, xxxv. abs. 8. 
Skr, L., (|Uoted, xxxiii. abs. 66. 
— , ventilating fans, xxxiii. abs. 67 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 1-3; xxxvii. abs. 32. 
Seraing collieries, iron-cribs, xxxv. abs. 

51. 
Serampore, xxx. 8, 10, 12, 18 ; sections, 

25. 
Series dynamo, xxxiv. 20-21. 
Serra San Bruno coal-field, ('alabria, 

xxxiv. abs. 63. 
Servia, coal, xxxviii. abs. 64. 
— , geology^ xxxv. abs. 65. 
-, mines, xxxvii. abs. 10. 
Service reservoir, xxviii. 177-178. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVin. 



159 



Servieb, — , (juoted, xxxvii. iiha. 72. 
Settling ponds, ore and coal-Wiisliing, 

xxxviii. abs. 12-13. 
SettlingHtones, xxiv. 137, 147. 
— , Cornish puniping-engine, xxi. 59-150, 

91-103; i)lates x.-xii. 

— lead-mines, xxvii. 22. 

Seven feet coal-seam, sections, xi. 76, 78; 

xxxiii. 151, 156, 160 ; sections, 162. 
high main coal, ii. 142, 214. 

— quarter coal, xxxvii. 7, 15. 
Seventh limestone, xxxiv. 127, 130, 131 ; 

sections, 136. 
Seventy fathom pit, Redesdale, section, 

xi. 108-110. 

seam, xxxvii. 7. 

Severn tunnel, xxxv. 228, 229. 
Sewingshields, section, to Cartsbog 

colliery, xviii. plate xliiL 
Seymour, Martin, quoted, xii. 20. 
Shabandowan gold-lodes, xxiv. 247, 248. 
Shaft borings, review, xxxii. abs. 76-78. 

— sinking, xxxv. 226-227; xxxviii. abs. 3. 

, by compressed-air, xxxvi, abs. 35. 

Shafts, iv, .304. 

— , l]elgium, regulations, xxxiv. 266-267. 
— , coffering, to keep back water, xxvi. 

3-11 ; plates i.-iii. 
— , damaged, xii. 6, 25. 
— , danger of working too near, vii. 25. 
— , deepening of, xxxvii. abs. 58. 
— , double, xii. 4. 
— , form of, xxxiv. abs. 8. 
— , measuring depths of, xxxii. abs. 57. 
— , pressure of air in, i. 87. 
— , resistance of air in, iii. 332. 
— , strencrth of tubbing, ix. 175. 
— , upcast, iii. 362 ; iv. 15 et .seq., 147- 

189 ; vi. 143 ; viii. 179-180 ; xi. 19-26 ; 

xii. 25 ; xiii. 5H-56. 
— , — , and their heated air-currents, xiii. 

53. 
— , walling, xxxvii. abs. 71- 
Shag Point, New Zealand, coal, analysis, 

xxxv. 202. 

— — , — — , coal-seams, xxxv. 201- 
202. 

Shale, viii. 26, 27. 

— in basalt, xxvi. 123, l-:4, 126. 
Shaly coal-seam, xxiv. 193. 
Shamokin coal, iv. 130. 

Shape of blast-furnace, xiii. 135. 
Sharp, Sir Cuthbert, quoted, xix. 180. 
Sharp and Youncj safety-lamp, xvii. 40. 
Sharpe, S., quoted, xxxv. 137, 149, 151. 
Sharples, S. p., quoted, xxxiii. abs. '25. 
Shaw, John, a new form of marine 

boiler, xxvi. 93-97, 98 ct sii/. ; plates 

xi.-xii. ; xxvii. 9. 
Shaw, Saville, Plvlcr sj)iri/-/(nnp, 

xxxviii. 182. 
— , quoted, xxxvii. 212, 248, '-'56. 
Shaw, xxxiv. 133, 134; section, 136. 
Shaw mine signalling apparatus, xxxvii. 

abs. 72-73. 



Sheafkr, p. W., quoted, xxxviii. aim. 5. 
Slieave, winding by, xxxiii. abs. 9-10. 
Sheba Hill, Tran.svaal, xxxviii. 172; 
plate ix. 

— lode, xxxviii. 172 cJ. sn/. ; plate ix. 
Sheflield district, coal conveyance, x. 123. 
, long wall, xvi. 109-110. 

— 1875 meeting, xxv. 12. 

— gasworks, xxxv. 239. 
Shell, Prudhoe colliery, xii. 33. 

— ore, xiv. 20, 21. 

Siiells, dynamite, Abel, xxxii. 57. 
Shepherd's Gap, section, xxvii. 79. 
Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 159, 16S. 
Sheriff pit, xxxii. 44, 45, 48; xxxv. 125, 

126 ; section, 145. 

, iron-ore, analysis, xxxv. 126. 

Sheriff's drift, vi. iS9, 191, 194. 

seam, xix. 194. 

Shething air, vii. 31 et xeq. 

Shevill, Wm., quoted, xi. 32, 34. 

Shibdon pit, ii. 270. 

Shield, Wm. P., quoted, xv. 279, 280. 

Shield-on-the-Wall, section to Stublick, 

xviii. plate xliv. 
Shield Row coal-seam, xxxvii. 6. 
— , plan of workings, xxx. plate 

ix. 
Shilbottle beds, xi. 129. 

— coal-seam, xxiii. 42; xxxiii. 71. 

— hill head coal, xxxvii. 13, 18. 

— main coal, xxxvii. 13. 

— shaft, xxvii. 300. 

— thin seam, v. 6. 

— townhead coal, xxxvii. 13. 
Shilburn haugh coal-seam, sections, xi. 

105, 112; xxxvii. 12. 

Shildon Lodge colliery, Calow safety- 
cage, XV. lOS-111 ; xvi. 24, 28, 29. 

— , low main seam, viii. 93. 

— , main seam, viii. 88. 

— — — , pillar working, plan, facing 
viii. 93, 94. 

Shinn, Wm. P., quoted, xxxii. abs. 33. 
Shipley collieries, coal getting, xxxiii. 

13 d seq. 
, longwall, X. 124-126, 139 ; plans, 

facing 125. 126. 
Shipment of coal, Harnes, xxvii. 274-275. 

pig-iron, v. 222-223. 

Shipi'ERDson, Eow., donation from, i. 7- 
Shipping and oonveving coal, iv. 69. 

— facilities, xxiv. 186-188, 195, 199»/.se'/. 
— statistics, Bilbao, xxxiii. 232. 

Ships, iron, xxix. 183. 

Shire Moor colliery, coal-screening, xxv. 

261-262: plate Ixxvii. 

, gunpowder accident, xxxiii. 4. 

Sliireoaks colliery, Anker lubricator, 

xxv. 218 ; plate Ixi. 
-- — , endless-rope, xvii. app. i. 96-105 : 

plates xxxvii. -xl. 

, Fowler clip-pulley, xvi. 105. 

, Swete electric safety-lamp, 

xxxviii. 17 tl xeq. 



160 



CENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS 



Shirt'ojiks colliery, top luml ciil sctuii, x. 
US. l-y'2. 

vSiiiiLi. piifumiUic stumps, xxx. I.S8. 

Shoieswoml collierv. ix. '205, 'J08, 209, 
'2iG, -218. 

Shokt, J., (luotetl, xi. 147. 

Shout, Dk. T., iiuoteil, xxxviii. 60. 

Short, Thos. \\\, tim>toil, xv. 172-173. 

Shokt, \Vm., evicknce on boiler explo- 
sion, iv. 45. 

Shot tiring, improvements, xxxvii. aba. 
28.29. 

, Lamagi-re system, xxxvii. aba. 

72. 
, Lauer friction-matcli system, 

xxvii. abs. 46. 

^ system of, xxxviii. abs. 62-63, 66. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 122-123. 

and safety-lamps, xxiv. 63-70, 

168-172. 

in tiery mines, xxxvii. abs. 30. 

Shotley Bridge, ironstone, xiii. 112, 119, 

122, 124. 

, mineral wax, xii. 206. 

Shots, blown-out, mechanical effects on 

ventilation, xxvi. 101-107. 
ill connexion with coal-dust experi- 
ments, xxxiv. \i)\)<t s.,,., 297 t( .seg. 
Shottou, coal, analysis, iii. 23. 
— colliery, iii. 21 ; xv. 239. 

, horses, xxxii. 107. 

, section, xiii. 106. 

, shafts damaged by furnace gases, 

xii. 25. 

, pits, xxvi. 46. 

winning, v. 57. 

Shrinkage of paper, xxxiv. 175-181 ; 

plates xxv. -xxxiv.; xxxy. 44-47. 
Shubenacadie river, xxx. 58. 
Shuniah mine, Lake Superior, xxiv. 244. 
Shunt dynamo, xxxiv. 21-22. 
Shitt, E. T., tjuoted, xxxvii. abs. 37. 
Shutter, Cooke ventilator, xxvii. 101. 
— , Guibal fan, xiv. 76-77 ; xvi. 7-9 ; 

xix. 2. 

_, , best position, xviii. 137. 

Siamese tin smelting furnace, xxxvi. 

abs. 5. 
Siberia, east, geology, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
— , gold washing, xxiv. 17. 
Sicily, north-eust, minerals, xxxiii. abs. 

14. 
— , sulphur mines, xxxviii. abs. 50-53. 
SiDEBOTHAM lubricator, xxv. 223. 
Siebenbiirgen, xxxv. 81. 
Siemens, Dr. C. W., quoted, xxviii. 179. 
Siemens & Halske, electrically driven 

inclme, xxxvii. abs. 80. 
Siemens dj-namo, xxxiv. 10-12 ; plate ii. 

— — , alternating-current xxxiv. 18; 

plate i. 

— gas-producers, XX. 180; plate 1.; xxiu. 

113; xxxv. 237. 

— pendulum electric lamps, xxxiv. 28- 
29 ; plate vii. 



Siemkns-Martin steel, procesB, xxxiv. 
abs. 10-11. 

, strength tests, xxxiii. 63-64, 65. 

Sierra detiador lead-ores, xxxiii. abs. 37. 

— Nevada, U.S.A., auriferous gravels, 
xxxv. abs. 41. 

Signal indicator, Ramsey and Cooke, xix. 

21-2(5, 98 ; plates vii.-viii. 
Signalling apjjaratus for mines, Shaw, 

xxxvii. abs. 72-73. 
in mines, xxxviii. 44-45. 
Signals on underground engine-planes, 

xxiv. 165-167. 
Silecroft, xxxi. 218. 
Silesia, coal - dust, experiments with, 

xxxiv. 232. 
— .lower, coal-mining, xxxviii. abs. 17-18. 

- , upper, boulders in coal, xxxvii. abs. 
62. 

— , — , coal-mines, xxvii. 190-192. 
SiLEsiAN Boiler Inspection Society, 

xxix. 33. 
Silicate cotton, xxix. 13-14 ; xxx 77 

et scq.; xxxii. 35 et seq., 175, 176-177- 
Siliceous clays, xxv. 82, 87. 
Silicon in iron, viii. 124. 
Silivria, Anatolia, iii. 6S, 73. 
Silkstone coal-seam, xvii. 43, 81 ; xxxv. 

227. 
, sections, xxv. 14, 15, 22. 

— — — , Strafford main colliery, xxv. 
23-27, 104-106; plates ii. -v. 

Silksworth colliery, plant, xxxvi. 209-210. 

— — , winding-engine, xxiv. 260-261 ; 
xxv. 202-205 ; plates Iii. -liv. ; xxvi. 64. 

— — , — — with expansion gearing, 
xxix. 3. 

SiLLiMAN, Dr. B., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

24, 49. 
SiLLiMAN, J. M., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 5. 
SiLLiMAN, JTN., Prof. — , quotcd, vi. 30. 
Sill or thill, xxxii. 322. 
Sills Burn, xxviii. 6. 
Silurian clay slates, xxx. 121. 

— formation, xi. 66, 119, 120 121, 122, 
125-126, 129-131; xii. 89; xiii. -tS ; 
xxiii. 206 ; xxvi. 76, 77, 80-82, 84, 85. 

Silver, Arizona, xxxiii. abs. 22. 

— and iron, Mexico, xxxiv. abs. 25. 
Silver-amalgamation, xxxiii. abs. 59. 

— extraction from lead, xiii. 197. 

— from galena, xxvii. 137, 138, 139. 

— Harbour mine, Lake Superior, xxiv. 
244. 

— Islet mine. Lake Superior, xxiv. 241- 
243. 

, , gas, xxxviii. 65. 

— Lake locations. Lake Superior, xxiv. 
245-247. 

Silver-lead deposits, Nevada, xxxiv. abs. 

31. 
Silver-mines, Marienberg, xxxvi. abs. 37. 

, Oburo, Bolivia, xxxvi. nbs. 51. 

, Saxony, hydraulic machinery, 

xxxiii. abs. 79. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



161 



Silver-ore, xix. 82; xxiv. 241, 242, 243, 
244, 245, 248 ; xxv. 83-84 ; xxxvi. abs, 
41. 

, Andes, xxxiii. abs. 27. 

, annual production, xxi. 18G, I9(i. 

— — deposits, characteristics, xxxvii. 
abs. 20. 

Silver production, U.S.A., xxxiii. ab.s. (il. 
, Utah, xxxi. abs. 40. 

— sandstone district, Utah, xxxi. abs. 
40. 

Sii.vEBDALK Iron Company, ii. 237-238 ; 

section, 240-241. 
SiMMERSBACH, F., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

4. 
SiMMONDS, Edw., Lundhill colliery 

exploxion, v. 238. 
Simonburn pit, Elsecar colliery, ventil- 
ating fan, xi. 92, 98 ; xii. 27. 
Simon-Carvk coke-ovens, xxxv. 2.i7. 
SiMONDS universal metal-rolling machine, 

xxxviii. abs. 48. 
Simonside grits, xxiii. 44. 
Simonwood pit, Elsecar, ventilating fan, 

xi. 89, 91 ; diagrams, facing 90, 91, 92. 
Simplon tunnel, xxxi. abs. 44 ; xxxv. 229. 
Simpson, — , quoted, xxi. 43-44. 
Simpson, F. R. , corrtlation of roal-titainn. 

Northern. England, xxxvii. 126. 
Simpson, Geo., mineral excavating 

machinery, xx. 159-162 ; plates xxxvi.- 

xli. 
— , quoted, xii. 176. 
Simpson, J as., quoted, xxi. 154. 
Simpson, J. B., adrnnfages of mechanical 

ventilation, xix. 236. 
— , age of coal-formations, xi. 140-141. 
— , Aitken coke-ovens, xxix. 196 197. 
— , alteration of hye-laws, xxxviii. 185. 
— , borinq aqainst mater in coal-mines, 

xix. 175, 176. 
• — , Caloir safety-cage, xvi. 2'i, 27. 
— , classification of carhoniferous rocks, 

xxv. 235. 
— , condition ofmininq industries, PniAsia, 

xxvii. 25-65, 294, 295. 
— , Gornish pumping-engint, Settlingstones, 

xxi. 65. 
— , correlation of coal-seams, Northern 

England, xxxvii. 23^ 124 et seq. 
— , counterbalancing winding-engines, xxv. 

210,211. 
— , (himherland coal-field, xxxiii. 126-127, 

142, 143. 
— , detection of inflammalile gases, xxvii. 

294. 
— , diamond rock-horing, xxx. 101-102 it 

seq. 
— , direct-acting'pumping-engine, To\vn(>- 

ley colliery, xv. 140, 142, 1,')6-I61, 

296, 298-299. 
— , drift in coal-measures, xiii. 158. 
~ , duty of Cornish and other pumping- 

engines, xix. 201-218, 219-220; plate 

xii. 



Simpson, J. B., engines in British mtr- 

cnntile marine, xxiv. 124 el. seq. 

-, examinations, xxiv. 43. 
— , gas, Strafford Main collier 11, xxv. 105, 

106. 
— , Guihal ventilator, Frameries, xvi. 7, 10, 
— , llaswell mechanical, coal-getter, xxxiii. 

59. 
-, improved form of sei»moHcope, xxxvii. 

112. 
— , inclination of boreholes, xxix. 190- 

191, 192. 
— , lightning in pit, Tanfidd Moor, xxx. 

42. 
~, longwall working, Ea.'it lletton, xxv. 

259. 
— , minerafirestone, xxiv. 154. 

- , mining lecturer, xxix. 102-103. 

— , natural pits, Belgium, xxiii. 67-74, 

77, 102-104. 
— , over-ivinding, xxix. 188. 
— , Pennsylvanian coal-measures, xxvi. 

44, 45-46, 47. 

, quoted, xii. 208 ; xxi. 56 ; xxxi. 41, 

42 ; xxxvii. 4, 91 ; xxxviii. 39. 

, Russian coal-fields, xxiv. 3-18, 21-2"' 

150, 151. 

, safety-cages, xv. 114, 115. 

, xafefi,-l((tnp-s, xii. 75-7(). 
— , spontaneous combustion of coal, xxv. 

188. 
--, statical and d,i/namical pressure in 

lifting sets, xxi. 64-65. 
— , steam boilers, xx. 62-63. 
— , Stephenson centenary, xxx. 134. 
— , strength of wrought iron in com- 
pression, xxix. 186. 
— , sunlight electric safetu-lamp, xxxvii. 

114. 

- , Tkiboulli coal-field, xxxvii. 99, 100. 
— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 156-157, 158. 
— , variations in faidling of coal, xxxviii. 

52-53, 55, 56. 
— , winning of high r.iain coal, Gosforth, 

xxxviii. 201, 202. 
Simpson, .1. S., < umberland coal-field, 

xxxiii. 126. 
Simpson, Martin, letter on Rosedale 

ironstone, viii. 4. 
Simpson, Robt., Hetton coUicry explosion, 

ix. 107. 

, quoted, iv. 89 ; xxxvi. 48. 
Simpson and Hurd coal-getting ami 

air-compressing niachinerj', xxiii. 107- 

112 ; plates xxviii. -xxxiii. 
Simultaneous deposition of coal, viii. 187- 

188. 
Sinclair, Emv., ii. 6, 55-56, 77-78, 81, 

82, 99. 

, first secretary, i. 2, 256, 263. 
— , hatchettine, ii. 102. 
— , Hetton colliery explosion, ix. 127. 

, letter on hematite specimen, v. 10. 

- , quoted, iii. 259 ; xviii. 20. 
— , retired, ii. 249. 

11 



161' 



GENERAL INDEX TO TUANS ACTIO VS. 



Sinj^tirt'iii, ct»al, xxxviii. I'tSI.VJ, 109. 
Single ttiiil doul)le.rott«l sUvIIh, xxiii. 220, 

2r.o. 

- hoain cuiideiising and non-condensing 
engines, xix. 210-211. 212; plates 
xxxviii. -xxxix. 

— cylinder jiuniping engines, xxiii. 3 ef 
Hnj. ; plates iv., v., and viii. 

— jMJSt limestone, xxvii. S.'). 

road stall, xxxi. ISl ; plan, lOiJ. 

— roj)© planes, xvii. ajip. i. Ui'J. 
stall working, xxxi. IS ; plate vi. 

Si.NiiiAOLiA, Fr., quoted, xxxii. abs. 

:)4. 
Sinkfall, section, xxxi. 237. 
Sinking, v. 45-46, 48-54, 123-12(5 ; x. 11- 

12; xii. 179-180; xvi. 18-20; xxxi. 

138- 1 39. 
— , Kind-Chandron system, xx. 187-202; 

plates liii.-lvi. 

-, Poet.scli system, xxxvii. a])S. 39-40. 
— , rapid, xxix. 24.1-247 ; plates xlvii.- 

xlviii. 

— and mining, patents, xvii. app. ii. 24- 
29 ; plate iii. ; xviii. app. 5 ; xix. app. 
iii. 41 ; xx. app. ii. 10 ; xxi. app. 
ii. 10 ; xxii. app. ii. 10-12 ; xxiii. app. 
ii. 11-13 ; xxiv. app. ii. 10-12 ; xxv. 
app. ii. 10-12. 

— appliances, xxiii. 234. 

— set with windbore protector and suc- 
tion regulator, xxx. 49-52; plate xi. 

— through magnesian limestone, Seaham 
and Seaton winning, v. 117-129. 

— — quicksands by compressed air, 
xxxvi. abs. 35. 

running sands, xxxii. abs. 51-52. 

sand, Ryhope, v. 148 ef xeq. 

water-bearing strata, xxxiii. abs. 94; 

xxxviii. abs. 3, 29-30. 

— ventilators, xxvii. 56. 
Sinkings, Castle Eden, xi. 12, 13. 
— , Durham coal-field, xiii. 106-107. 
— , Harton, xi. 14, 15. 

— , Ida shaft, Hohndorf, xxxiii. abs. 5. 
— , Lumpsey mines, xxxi. 1, 111-114; 
plates xvi. -XX. 

— , South Wingate or Hartbushes, xi. 16- 

17. 

— , Warora, cost, xxxviii. 92-93. 

— and borings, proposed record, xiv. 
8, 27. 

Sirius, steamer, xviii. 49. 

— boring, near Cretield, xxix. 69. 
SissoN, W., quoted, xxiv. 124. 
Siston Hill, section, xxvii. 97. 

Six feet band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 
323, 348, 350. 

coal-seam, Cardiff, xiv. 55. 

— , sections, xi. 76, 78. 

— quarter band coal-.seam, xxxiii. 122, 
123, 126, 135, 137, 139, 148. 

coal-seam, ii. 275 ; sections, xxxii. 

3'?4, 326, .363; xxxiv. 131-i;i2, 135; 
xxxviu. 6, 7, 126, 151, 152. 



Six yard limestone, xxxiii. 71 ; xxxvii. 

13. 18. 
Sixteenth century, coal-mining, xv. 182- 

186. 
Sixth limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 126, 

129, 134; sections, 155; xxxiv. 127, 

130 ; sections, 136. 
Sj()(JKKN, A., ([uoted, xxxiii. abs. 48. 
Sjt'xiKEN, Dr. H.J., (juoted, xxxvii. abs. 

36, 58. 
Skelton, xiii. 127, 130. 
— , ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 et seq. 

— Park mine, plant, xxxi. 1, 105-111 
plates xiii. -x v. 

Skkv, Wm., (juoted, xxxii. abs. 84 

xxxiv. abs. 19. 
Skiddaw slate, xxviii. 111-112, 120-122 

sections, 155 ; xxxi. 212, 235 ; sections, 

237 ; xxxiv. 127 ; sections, 137. 

, analysis, xxviii. 1 12. 

Skidgate, Queen Cliarlotte Island, coal, 

analysis, xxvii. 241. 
Skidmore coal-.seam, xiii. 38. 
Skinningrove mines, v. 184-185 ; xxxv. 

116 ; section, 145. 
Skips, South Staffordshire mines, x. 28 

29. 
Slag, xiii. 131, 132, 140, 145. 
— , oasic, as manure, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
— , Huelva, analysis, xxxvii. 33. 

— cement, xxxv. abs. 20. 

— coal-seam, xxxvii. 15. 

— wool, xxix. 13-14 ; xxxi. 77 tt xfq. 
Slainsfield dyke, ix. 192, 194. 
Slapewath mine, xxxv. 116, 117 ; section, 

145. 
Slate coal-seam, xxxiii. 151, 156, 157, 
1.58 ; sections, 162. 

— mining. Angers, xxxii. abs. 45-46. 

— picker, mechanical, xxxviii. abs. 20. 
Slates, xxv. 84, 89. 

Slatv band coal-seam, section, xxxii. 

335 ; xxxiii. 133 
Sledge skips, x. 28-29. 
Sledges for hauling coal, iii. 245-246. 
Sleds, xxvii. 96. 
Sleepers, Legrand, xvii. .32. 
— , life, limed and unlimed, xii. 39. 
— , — , tarred and untarred, xii. 39. 
Slide-piece, Kind-Chaudron borer, xx. 

192. 

— rule, xxxiv. 139 et seq. 

— valve in pumping-engines, xxiii. 8-9 
tt seq. 

— valves, xxiv. 108-109. 
Slides, wooden, x. 125. 

Sliding shutter, vanne regulatrice, Gui- 

bal fan, xvi. 7-9. 
Slime, xviii. 177. 
Slip dykes, viii. 104 ; ix. 189 ; xiii. 97. 

in coal-measures, v. 151, 154. 

Slipe skips, x. 28-29. 

Slips or cleavages of seams, xxiii. 216. 

Slitt mine, xxiv. 147. 

— shaft, xxvii. 85 ; section, 299. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



if;3 



Sloboda, petroleum, xxxviii. abs. la-lG. 

Slow combustion, xxxvii. 20G el m<i. 

Sludge and scum pipes for lioilers, xi. 
52-54, 217 ; diagram facing 52. 

Small ooal, iv. 283-284, 297. 

■ — , agents of spontaneous com- 
bustion, xxv. W^ it seq., 1.39. 

act, XV. 227. 

experiments, Keyham, xiv. 63. 

seam, xxiv. 196. 

— tubs, viii. 120-121 ; diagram facing 
131. 

, cost, viii. 131. 

.Smelting, Bavaria, xxxii. abs. 58. 

— , Germany, xxxii. abs. 61. 

— , gold pyrites, xxxv. 92-93. 

Smeystkrs, — , quoted, xxxiv. abs. 14. 

Smiles, W., quoted, viii. 36, 61, 62. 

Smit, xxxi. 227, 228. 

Smith, — , quoted, ix. 251 ; xxxvii. 224. 

Smith, Alex., federation of minimj 
inMitute.^, xxxvii. 162, 173, 175. 

Smith, Dr. Angus, quoted, xv. 168 ; 
xxix. 174. 

Smith, C. F. Stuakt, .spontaneous covi- 
hu-stiofn of coal, x. 178. 

— , systems of workin(j the main coal 
seam at Moira, x. 178. 

— , winning and working of Cinderhill col- 
liery, Nottinghamsliire, x. 149-159. 

Smith, Ch.\s., quoted, xxvii. 132. 

Smith, Edw., quoted, xxxviii. 189. 

Smith, Fereday, safety-cages, x. 92, 93. 

Smith, Fred., safety-cagts, x. 95, 96. 

Smith, John, Seaton Burn hotter ex- 
plosion, xi. 34-35. 

Smith, Nelson, Broaclbent safety-cage, 
xvi. 31, 32, 106. 

Smith, Sebastian, lime cartridges, xxxii. 
57. 

— , mining coal l>y compressed lime, 
xxxiii. 60. 

— , quoted, xxxi. 131. 

Smith, Sydney, steam and water-gauge, 
iv. 42. 

Smith, Thos. , Hettcni colliery explosion, 
ix. 100-102. 

Smith & Vickers furnace, xviii. 53. 

Smith, Elder & Company, vii. 27. 

Smith's coal, xxvii. 91, 03. 

Smithj' coal, France, vi. 78. 

Smock, Jno. C, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 22. 

Smoke condenser, xxxii. abs. 58. 

-- consuming apparatus, xi. 212 ; xvii. 
63, 66-76. 
- consumption, xxvii. 205 et seq. 

— experiments on steamer Weardale, 
xviii. 105, 106; plates xviii. -xxxiv. 

— intensities, diagram, xiv. plate viii. 
nuisance, xv. 178. 
prevention, xviii. 86 et seq.: xix. 51. 

, boiler firing-gear, xxxiii. abs. 7. 

— —, exhibition, xxxi. 186. 

— question, report of committee, xviii. 
37-39. 



Smoke .statistics, xxxi. 191. 
Smokelessness of mixed coals, xiv. 53- 

54, 62-63. 
north country coal, relative, xviii. 

45-46, 87 et seq. 
Smooth cannel, xix. 77, 78, 80. 
SiMKKKER, 0., <|uoted, xxxiii. abs. 86. 
Smyth, 1'rok. C. Tiazzi, quoted, xix. 186. 
--, s/iriididf/e of jM/ier, xxxiv. 176. 
Smyth, Sir Warington, Channel tunnel, 

xxxii. 21-22. 
— , classification of carboniferous strata, 

xxv. 235-237. 
— , diamond drill, xxiii. 195. 

— , Kind-Chaudron boring system, xx. 
187-199, 200 et seq.; plates liii.-lvi.; 
xxi. 10 et seq. 

— , quoted, v. 217 ; xiii. 3 ; xxvi. 49, 50 ; 
xxvii. 131 ; xxxii. 182 ; xxxv. 241. 

Suailbeach lead-mine, bitumen, xxxviii. 

69. 
Snelus, G. J., quoted, xxxviii. 85, 86, 

165-168. 
Snibston colliery, viii. 72. 
Snowdon, M., quoted, xxxi. 52. 
Soapstone, America, xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Society ok Chemical iNursTRV, table, 

xxxAa. 194 ; xxxvii. 156. 
Sockets, testing of , xxxi. abs. 20-21. 
Soda manufacture, xxxv. 233. 
Soekaboemi coal-tield, xxxii. abs. 2 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 13. 
Soft dark hematite, xxxi. 228-229. 

— , analyses, xxxi. 228. 

dykes, xxiii. 74. 
Soho, Liverpool, waterworks engine, xxi. 

132-133, 139 et seq. 
Sole, hematite deposits. West Cumber- 
land, xxviii. 126, 128. 
Solid coal, pressure of gas in, xxx. 163- 

260 ; plates xxxix.-xlv. 
SoLVAV, E., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 18. 
Solway Firth, xxxiii. 130. 
Somain patent-fuel works, xxvii. 256- 

257. 
Somerset, diamond drill, xxiii. 183. 
— , east, coal- field, ii. 251-259. 

— and Gloucestershire, map of parts, ii. 
250. 

— section of Bristol coal-field, x. 105- 
111, 113 et seq. 

Soinme, France, phosphates, xxxvii. abs. 

31,70. 
SoMMEiLLER alr-compressor, xxvii. 176, 

180, 269, 271-272. 
Somorrostro mines, xxxi. 229, 230. 
, endless-chain railway, xxxvii. 81 

et seq.: plate xx. 
Son canal, xxxii. 153, 154. 
Sonora, Mexico, earthquake, xxxvi. abs. 

44. 
Sooty deposit from steam coals, xiv. 

55. 
Sophie coal-seam, section, xxviii. 57. 
Sops, hematite, xxviii. 221. 



164 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



SopwiTH, T., npf)oi}itmnif of finance 

commitlre, viii. \7H. 

— , secretary, xji. 14(5- 147. 

— , ex-qfficio vie inltrrn of roii nri/ , xiv. 7, 8. 
— , tjritltMjical Hiiriry ma/>.s, viii. 171-17'2. 
— , hott-iimj of mishit, vui/>.t,>tr., viii. 173. 
— , trail mininij ilinfrictji, xiv. !), 10, 11-1*2, 

13, 14. 
— , — , north of England, xiii. 187- 

199. 
— , memoir, xxix. 1051 II. 

— , quoted, ii. IMS ; v. 9 ; xiv. 34-35, 43, 
70, 71 ; xviii. 163; xxiv. 135. 

— , reports of mn tinij.-i, viii. 174. 

— , trniiAnctions of InMitule, xii. 148. 
^, \\'oo<l iH' moriitl hull, xvii. 31. 
SoRKY, — , quoted, xxxv. 117, 149. 
Sorting of ivnthracites, xxxi. 189. 

— — ore, xxxvii. abs. 64-65. 
SoTTlAUX, A., coal crushcr-oleaner, 

xxxv. abs. 68-69 ; xxxvi. abs. 45. 
SoPBKiK4N, A., quoted, xxxiii. aim. 14 ; 

xxxv. abs. 54 ; xxxvii. 9. 
Soudan, salt, xxxiv. abs. 51. 
Sound-wave theory, xxiv. 63 e/ sc/., 168 

it stq. 
Soundwell collieries, xxvii. 95 ; section, 

97. 
Soungoul, Anatolia, ill. 65. 
South Abyssinia, geology, xxxvi. abs. 9. 

— Africa, diamond and gold pro- 
duction, xxxvii. abs. 7. 

, — deposits, xxxiii. abs. 41-42, 48. 

, — fields, xxxii. abs. 5. 

, — mines, xxxv. abs. 17-19. 

, , explosions, xxxviii. 72. 

, gold-fields, xxxviii. 171. 

, gold production, xxxvii. abs. 7. 

— America, petroleum, xxxvii. abs. 36. 

— Australia, gold, xxxv. abs. 24. 

— Bank ironworks, v. 213. 

— Birtley colliery, xv. 211. 

— Brancepeth colliery, utilization of 
coke-oven gases, xxii. 16 ; plates 
xii. -xiv. 

— Cross vein, xxvii. 18. 

— Durham, carboniferous limestone, 
xxi. 251-270; plates xxxiv. -xii. 

, pillar working, viii. 87-96, 175-177. 

— England, boring in, xxiii. 160. 

— France, concealed coal-field, xxxiv. 
abs. 24. 

, petroleum, xxxv. abs. 27. 

— Head, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 175. 

— — coal-seam, section and analysis, 
xxvii. 225. 

colliery, xix. 147. 

— Hetton colliery, v. 57 ; xv. 234, 236. 
, horses, number and cost, xxxii. 

92-93, 107. 

, plant, xxxvi. 212. 

, underground temperature, xxxi. 

63. 

, ventilation, xii. 85. 

, winning, v. 57. 



South Hetton Company, (|uoted, iii. 

app. 2. 
South iron hill, Colorado, xxxv. abs. 7- 
— lode group, xxxi. 161 ; section, 173. 

— Mountain, Pennsylvania, ti>p])oi- belt, 
xxxiv. abs. 24. 

- Nortliuinbi'rland, great and four- 
falhoni liiiitstoiies, xxiv. 74, 133-150; 
plates xxxii. -xxxiii. 

- -, little limestone, xxiv. 73-8.S ; 
plates xiv. -XV. 

— Kewah fiondwdna basin, xxxi. abs. 
47-48. 

— Russia, coal-lield, xxiv. 8-9. 

— , salt, xxxiv. abs. 61. 

— Shepherd's Hill, section, vi. 31. 

— Shore, Lake Superior, xxiv. 237. 

— Skelton iron-mine, gas, xxxviii. 71- 

-- StalFordshire, working the ten -yard 

seam, x. 1 S3- 197. 

coal-field, water pumped, xvi. 135- 

136 et svy. 
, underground conveyanci- of 

coal, etc., X. 25-35, 37-39. 

- —engineers, xx. 219. 

South Staffordshire and E.ast Wor- 
cestkrshirk institute of mining 
Engineers, xxxvii. 158. 

South Tanfield colliery, xv. 237. 

— T3'ne colliery, coal-washing apparatus, 
xii. 215. 

— vein, xxvii. 19. 

— Wales, anthracite, xxxi. 175-195 ; 
plates xxix. -xxxii. 

, casualties in coal cargoes from, 

XXV. 135. 
, coal-field, coal-measures, xxiii. 207, 

211. 
, , extent, xxiii. 203-204. 

— — , , faults, xxiii. 215, 216. 

, , fossils, xxiii. 251-253. 

, , harbours, xxiii. 235-243. 

, , iiistory, xxiii. 197-203. 

, , ironstones, xxiii. 211-215. 

, , iron-works, xxiii. 243-245. 

, .newer formations, xxiii.249-250. 

, ,older formations, xxiii. 204-206. 

, , other industries, xxiii. 247. 

, , quality of coal, xxiii. 216-21H. 

, , sections and plans, xxiii. 

plates xlii. -xlvi., map at end of vol. 

— — , , steel works, xxiii. 246-247. 

, , working, etc., xxiii. 218-235. 

-, coal production, xxxi. 180. 

, collieries, horses, iii. 268. 

■, proposed meeting, xiii. 217 ; xiv. 

27, 37, 67-69. 

South Wales Institute of Engineers, 
xxiv. 44; xxxvi. 168; tables, 188, 
195; xxxvii. 158. 

South Wales Institute of Engineers, 
AND Midland Institute of Mining, 
Civil and Mechanical Engineers, 
joint committee on mechanical venti- 
lators, xxxvii. 181-193. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVin. 



16.*) 



South West Africa, copper-dejjo.sils, 
xxxiv. abs. 60. 

— Wiugatc colliery, i;as at liigli teiiMJoii, 
V. 21. 

— • — , sinking, xi. 16-17. 

, tubbing, xii. 43. 

pit, ii. 263. 

Southern, (iwo. VV., air-comprexsimj 
machinery, Ryho/te, xxi. 81, 82. 

— , air-vessels in pumpinn-enaints, xxi. 
157. 

— , BainJyridije safety-lamp), xxiii. 20-21. 

— , borinq a(juinst wafer in coal-mines, 
xix. 176. 

— , coal-cuttintj machine, xii. 48 tt seq. 

— , coal-washing apparatn.'i, xv. 65. 
— , Copp6e coke-ovens, xxii. 103, 104. 
— , cost of haulaije, xvi. 127. 

— , counterbalancing winding -engines, xx. 

212-213, 216. 
— , Craig and Bidder safety -lamp lock, 

xix. 16. 
— , Davies coal-cutting machine , xix. 6 1-62. 
— , direct-acting engine, Towneley, xv. 

297. 
— , enlargement of Institute, xv. 79. 
— , finance committee' si-eport, ix. 233, 234. 
— , Fowler hydraidic winding gear, xxiii. 

38. 
• — , geology of northern coal-field, xiii. 46. 
— , Hetton colliery explosion, ix. 126-127. 
— , Jones and Bidder coal-breaking ma- 
chine, xix. 14, 98. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xix. 4. 
— , longwall working, Annesley colliery, 

xxi. 106, 108. 
— , mechanical stoking, xviii. 91 et seq. 
— , mining in mountain litnestone, xix. 93. 
--, Ormerod disconnecting -hook, xx. 81. 
— , paradoxes in ventilation, xiii. 10, 11, 

50, 51. 
— , pillar working, ix. 29. 
— , quoted, vii. 110 ; ix. 92. 
— , Ramsey and Cooke signal -indicator , 

xix. 25. 
— , rivetting, xviii. 4, 83-84. 

— , safety-cages, xvi. 127-128. 

— , statical and dynamical p7-essure in 

lifting sets, xxi. 94, 102, 103. 
— , steam-boilers, xviii.. 110; xx. 120 et 

seq. 
— , tail-rope coynmittee's rep07-t, xviii. 73- 

74, 78-80. 
— , tail ropes, xv. 94. 
— , underground sarreying, xx. 111. 
— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 132, 140. 
— , water-gauge for boilers, xi. 218. 
Southern, J. M., ii. 56. 
Southern States, clays, etc., xxxiii. abs. 

22. 
Southland, New Zealand, coal-field, xxxv. 

208-210 ; section, 220. 
Southwark and Vauxhall waterworks, 

Cornish boilers, xix. 216. 
, pumping, xvi. 136. 



Spain, Alosno, copper-mines, xxxiv. aljH. 
(i3. 

, lielniez, coal-mines, xxxiii. abs. 36. 
-, Hilbao, iron-mines, xxxvi. abs. 48. 
- , Hiscay, iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. 36. 
-, Catalonia, coal-mines, xxxvi. 33-42, 

117. 
— , coal production, xxxvi. 33. 

— , coal-fields, xxxiii. abs. 35; xxxiv. 
abs. 36 ; xxxvi. 33 ; xxxviii. abs. 55. 

, endless-chain system, xxxiii. 187- 

212; plates xvi.-xix.; xxxvii. 81-85; 

plate XX. 
— , exports and imports, xxxiii. abs. 4. 
— , geology, xxxvii. alts. 86. 
— , journey to, viii. 72. 
— , Leon, copper and copper-ores, xxxiii. 

abs. 35. 
— , Madrid, mining exhibition, xxxiii. abs. 

46. 
-, mineral statistics, vi. 71-72; xxxii. 

abs. 7-9, 49 ; xxxiv. abs. 38 ; xxxv. 

abs. 28-29, 60. 

, mining in, xxxiii. abs. 47. 
— , Murcia, metalliferous products, xxxiii. 

abs. 16. 
— , Puertollano, lead works, xxxiii. abs. 

46. 
■Spalling, XXX. 136, 137. 
Spanish river, xix. 148, 149, 151. 
Sparkbridge forge, xxxiv. 89. 
Sparks from prickers and stemmers, 

danger of, xxxiii. 3-12, 61-62. 
Sparrow, — , longwall rrorking, x. 141. 
Spathic iron-ore, xxvi. 80 ; xxvii. 132. 

134, 136, 137, 138. 

-, analysis, xxvi. 81. 

Spaunton Moor, xxxii. 50. 

Spears, connexions, pumps, xxxvii. abs. 

9-10. 
— , New Hartley, xi. 146. 
— , pumping gear, breakage, xii. 7 ; xxi. 

91. 
Special subjects committees, xxxvi. 63. 
Specific gravity, apparatus for rapid 

determination, xxxvi. 95-98 ; plate 

xiv. 

, cannel coals, xix. 78. 

, coal, XXX. 14, 17. 

, iron ores, xxxv. 112, 117, 120, 122, 

123, 127, 129, 132, 135, 139, 141, 143, 

144. 

— — , Peunsylvanian anthracite, xiii. 
28, 33. 

^ — , sand and sandstone, v. 164. 

— resistance of an air-way, iii. 154 et seq., 
185 et seq. 

Specimen surveys, xxxi. 37-39. 
Specimens, coal, xvi. 3. 
— , housing of, xi. 4-5. 
— , list of, xxxv. 217-218. 
Spectroscopic experiments, xxiii. 48. 
Specular iron-ore, xxvi. 74, 83-86. 

, analysis, xxvi. 84. 

Speculation in railways, viii. 70. 



166 



OENERAL INDKX TO TIIANS ACTIONS. 



Si'KDDiNo, , quutud, vii. 1*2 1 1 ••"7.,- 

XXXI. \'27t ; xxxiv. lOJ H).'{. 
Spei-il iif lM>iiiiy, Wurorii, xwviii. i)r>- 
Itti. 

tli'iviiig in cDiil, Winorji, xxxviii. 
I JO. 

fulling InxliuH, xv. 114-115. 

— tlanie in coal-dusl uxpuriinents, 
xxxiv. iM'J. 

ventilating funs, xviii. I.'{(), \4'2 <l 

wintl, xxxii. *J'2S. 
S|M!eilwell, 80:.'tion, xxvii. !>7. 
Si'KNi'KK, .). K., quoted, xvi. Il_*, l.'^l, 

— , .iinnk-i ■roiisiiiiiirM, xvii. 7--7'{ '' ••-■''7. 
Si'KNOKK. Tii')S., quoted, report on New 

Kiver (las Company, xi. '21. 
Si'KNCEK, W.M., codl-wasliiiiii ii/tpariihi.s, 

XV. Go. 
— , cokc-oreiiM, ix. 50. 
— , clase-to/i/iid tiihhiiKj, xii. '20 et -leii. 
— , ilduijer of sjitirk'i from firtckei-s and 

nteiniii> II, xxxiii. 7- 
— , (leslntctire arlion oj /'urruirf-iiitse-i, 

xii. '26, '27. 

— -, dirtct-actimj pii/iijiiiKj (lad irindimj- 
engines, xv. 30, ',\\. 

— , methods of pillar working, South 
Durham and Cleveland, viii. 87-96, 
175, 170. 
-, j/i//ur ii'ur/ciiKj, ix. 31 e./ .seq. 
— , pre-sideiit'n addres.i, xx. 222. 
•-, steam boilers, xviii. 109 e/ .leq. 

— , (ail-rope-s, xv. 91. 

-, vtntilatiiKj Jan, Elsecar, xii. 28. 
Spencer coal-seam, xix. 141, 147.; xxiv. 

175. 
Spennymoor explosion, ix. 170. 
Spcrenherg boring, xxx. 88, 99 ; xxxi. 

64, 65, 67. 
Sperm oil, costliness, xxi. 291. 
SplKiTosiderite, xxv. 61, 65. 
Sphenopteris llexuosa, figured, vi. 33 ; 

plate iii. 

— hastata, figured, vi. 33 ; plate iii. 

— macilenta (?), figured, vi. 33 ; plate 
iii. 

Spherical dams, internal stress, xxxii. 

201-213, -221 -'2-22. 
Spheroidal state of water, iv. 46, 47, 115; 

xi. 40 tt seq. ; xxxii. 199 ; plate xxix., 

216-217, 219. 
Spiders, carboniferous, xxxiv. abs. 61. 
Spiegeleisen, xxiv. 159, 161. 
Spilj-sbury, E. (J., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 6. 
Spindlethorne Hill beds, xxxii. 50 ; 

section, 54. 
Spiral di'uni, xx. 211-212, 213 tt seq. ; 

plate Ixi. 
screen, Schmitt, xxviii. 183-188, 208- 

209. 

— sieve coal-screens, xxxvii. abs. 18-19. 
Spirally-welded tubing, xxxvii. abs. 63- 

64. 



Spirifur glabra (Vglaber), drawing, ix. 
1 88. 

- lata, ligured, vi. 35 ; plate iv. 
oviforiiiis, ligured, vi. 35 ; plate iv. 

Spirit lamp, I'ielur, as a tire-danqt 
iiulicator, xxxviii. 177-18'2b ; plates v. 
viii. 

Spital Tongues colliery tunnel, xv. 239. 

■ pit, ii. '269. 

S|)itzk;isten, Rittinger, xxix. 163-164; 
plate xxvii. 

Splicing wire-ropes, viii. 16. 

Splint coal, ii. 140 ; xxxvii. 6, 7, 12, 126. 

Splitting air in coal-mines, iii. 114-147, 
331 it s,q.: vi. 163-186, '205 H seq., 213 
rl s ;., 228-234 ; vii. 14, 145, 197. 

— u[> of coal-seams, xxxvii. 124. 
Spolctcj coal-tield, xxxiii. abs. '28. 
Spontaneous combustion of coal, iii. 54, 

66; X. 139, 161-165, 167-18'2, 192-193; 

xxv. 107-140, 178-188; plates xlii.-l. ; 

XXXV. ISO, 181, 182, -207. 

, Warora, xxxviii. 90, 97-104. 

— pyrites, xxxvi. abs. 8 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 71. 

— ^ — — , Warwickshire collieries, 
xxxiii. 154-156. 

Spoons, Kind-Chaudrun boring system, 

xxi. 14, 16. 
Spotted post, xxiv. 141. 
Spottiswoode and Co., J., letter, vii. 

27. 
Sprags, longwall working, x. 128, 138. 
Sprague, Frank J., quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 35. 
Spratt, Capt. — , quoted, iii. 71. 
^prayer, Archer and Robson, xxxvi. 99- 

102 ; plate xv. 
SiKKNCER, J., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 21, 

42, 43, 79 ; xxxviii. abs. 10. 
Spring, Tiios. , liqldninq in pit, Tanfitlil 

Moor, xxx. 34. 
Spring beams. Hartley colliery, xii. 7. 

— reservoirs, xxviii. 175-176. 
Springer, Jul. von, quoted, xxxvi. abs. 

42. 
Springfield coal, New Zealand, analyses, 
XXXV. 199. 

— colliery, xxx v. 197-199. 
Springhill coal-field, Nova Scotia, xxvii. 

233-235. 

— district,' xix. 119, 1'20, 122. 
Springs, strength of, x. 86, 91, 92 et seq. 

— for safety-cages, xv. 112 et seq.; xvi. 
25 et seq., 31. 

— flowing into borings, xxxi. 62, 67-68. 
Springwell colliery, xv. '2'28. 

— , air-ways, xiii. 10, 11, 48-50, 104- 

105 ; diagram, facing 48. 

, fixed engine, iii. 292-294. 

, horses, iii. 266. 

, plan and section, vii. 78, 110. 

, surveying, xx. 31-32. 

, ventilation experiments, vii. 110- 

112, 145, 197; xiii. 48, 49. 



i 



VOLUMKS I. TO XXXVITT. 



167 



Springwell coUiory, working and ventila- 
tion, vii. 79-82. 

Spurns, South Statrordshire, x. 186. 

Square-face, longvvall working, xxi. 4 et 
.s«/., 104. 

Stables, underground, xxxii. 94-97. 

Staff, proposed, Mining College, vii. 172. 

Staffordshire Mining Institutes, xxxvi. 
168 ; tables, 185-186, 195. 

— , North, coal-dust in mines, xxviii. 158- 
159. 

— , — , coal-field, ii. 235-24S. 

— , — , fire-damp, xxix. 141-142. 

— , South, cost of raising water, xvi. 
136. 

— , — , working the ten-yard seam, x. 
183-197. 

Stagshaw Bank, xxiv. 76, 77, 79, 82. 
Staining of rocks, xxxiv. 135. 
Stainton, xxxi. 215, 217. 

— Cavern, xxxi. 217 ; plan and section, 
xli. 

— iron mines, xxxiv. 92-93. 

— limestone, analysis, xxxi. 217- 
Stair-grate furnaces, xix. 64-65, 68-69 ; 

plates xvii.-xviii. 
Staithes, v. 195-196. 
Stalls, length of, xxi. 7-8. 
Stamtord iron-ores, xxxv. 135. 

, analyses, xxxv. 138. 

Stamp mills, xxxi. 165-167 ; figure, 173. 
Stamping ores, xxx. 138-142. 

— gold-ore, xxxv. 86, 87, 88, 90. 
Standing bobby, xxv. 239. 

— fire, Newbottle colliery, xv. 99-102, 
144-145. 

Stanford, H. C, Hury reservoir, report, 

xxxiv. 258-262 ; plate xxxix. 
Stanhope ii'onworks, v. 168. 

— quarry, section, xxi. 270. 

— and Tyne railway, xv. 234. 

Stank mines, xxxi. 219, 220, 224, 226, 
227 ; section, 237. 

Stanley coal-heading machine, xxxviii. 
32, 58. 

Stanley Gill, xxviii. 119. 

Stanllyd anthracite seam, xxxi. 179 ; 
section, 195. 

Stanton coal, xxxvii. 13. 

Stapff, Dr. F., observations on under- 
ground temperature, xxxiii. 19-34. 

-- , quoted, xxxi. abs. 44. 

Staple colliery, section, xxxvii. plate 
xxxix. 

Starsley coal-seam, sections, xi. 105, 111. 

Starveall, section, xxvii. 97 ; plate viii. 

Statical pressure of water colunnis in 
lifting sets, xxi. 49-58, 64-66, 91-103 ; 
plates iv. -ix. 

Stationary boilers, experiments, xxxiii. 
abs. 77. 

Statistical tables, underground tempera- 
tures, xxxiii. 25, 27, 28, 31. 

Statistics, coal-mining, xix. app. i. 18-19 
et seq. 



Statistics, coal-mining, Oreat Hritain, 

xxxii. app. ii. 1-25. 
— , colliery explosions, Knglan<l, xxxi. H. 

— > gypsum trade, xxx. 65-66. 

— .mineral, xxi. 161-198; xxxi. abs. I, 
2, 4, 34, 36. 

— , — , Germany, xxxviii. aljs. 33. 

— , mining, v. 12. 

— , mining and metallurgy, xxxviii. abs. 

57. 
— , pig-iron manufacture, xiii. 147-149. 
Stauss keps, xxxvii. abs. 40-41. 
Staveley collieries, Guibal ventilator, 

xvi. 59. 

, ironstone, x. 118 et seq. 

, miner's dial, xx. 24 et seq. 

, surveys, xx. 31 el seq. 

, top hard coal, x. 118, 144. 

, Villepigue perforator, xx. 68. 

Stead and Pattinson, quoted, xxxii 49. 
Stealing in gold-mines, xxxv. 89. 
Steam, coefficient of resistance in pipes, 

iii. 211-212. 
— , experiments, anthracite, xxxi. 188. 
— , — , determining waste, v. 80 et seq. 

, laying dust in mines, xxxi. 149. 
— , mixture, with air, iii. 360-361 ; xxii. 

75, 76, 77. 
— , properties of, iv. 49-51. 

— , purification of coke, xxii. 11. 

— , transmission of power, xxxv. 159-166; 
plate xxiii. abs. 48 ; xxxvi. 13-29. 

— apparatus, accidents, xxxiii. abs. 98-99. 

— as a fire-extinguisher, xxv. 122-123. 

— blow-pipe for gas-furnaces, xxiii. 56- 
57 ; plate xvi. 

— boiler furnace, anthracite, xxxi. 187- 
188; section, 195 ; plate xxxii. 

— boilers, xviii. 121-126; plate xxxvi. ; 
xix. 9 ; XX. 49-63, 117-129; plates xxvi.- 
xxix., xxxv., xxxva. 

, economical working of, xxxviii. 

221 228. 
, firing, economicall}^ considered, xix. 

63-69 ; plates xv. -xviii. 
, mechanical stoking, xviii. 41-49, 

51-55. 

— boring, Warora, xxxviii. 95-97. 

— brake, winding-engine, xv. 22, 30. 

— brakes, xix. app. i. 17. 

— carriages, systems, xxxiii. abs. 97. 

— coal, ii. 139, 145, 162-164; xii. 159, 
161. 

— , collieries, north of England, ii. 164, 
271. 

, experiments, xviii. 37-38, 42, 45, 

86 etseq., 105-106, 112 et seq. : plates 
xviii. -xxxiv. 

— — , — , Keyham, reports, xiv. 36, 
47-65 ; plates iv.-lxiii. 

district, ii. 162, 261-262, 264. 

— engine, fired midergroand, iii. 275, 287- 

— — improvements, xxii. 13-44, 47-51 ; 
xxxv. 234. 

- haulage, x. 31-35, 37-39, 157-159. 



168 



GKNEllAL INOKX T() TRANSACTIONS. 



Slvuiii liuulttge, exp«riiiient«, v. (i? if <"/■ 
, , I'clton, xvi. IIH rt ■oif. 
indicator, Uichards, xxx. '2'iH'219. 

- , |)mcli»Me>l. xvi. 5. 
, Smith, iv. 4'2. 

jackets, expfiimcuta, xxvi. 97, 114, 

115 116. 

jet, i. OS 69, 191-193,209 '21 r.,'22r>'2:W ; 

XV. 2:i6. 248. 

, Limilhill colliery, v. 2f>0-2.V_'. 

-. veiitil.ition, i. 35 62, 71-164, 165- 

1S3. 195-202, 203 207. 225 rt s**/..- vi. 

167 ; viii. 50. 
navigation, xxxvi. 136. 
pipu8, conilonHation in, xxix. 7-14. 
.non-conducting coverings, xxxi. 

77-85; xxxii. 35-41, 175-178. 
Stkam PowKi; CoMi'ANV, xxix. 24, 25. 
Steam })ump, Cameron, special, xvii. 87- 

94, 113; phue vii. 

rivetters, xviii. 3 ft st(i., 9 et .<«//., 

82-84 ; plate i. 
traps to prevent priming, xi. 50-51, 

216 ; diagrams facing 50. 
Ste.\.m Uskr.s Asson.vrioN, xxix. 24, 25. 
Steamboat springs, U.S.A., xxxiii. abs. 

53. 
Steamers, iv. 61. 

Stkaven.son, , quoted, ix. 203,211, 213. 
Stkavenson, a. L., ahttraclt of j'onujn 

jirtpers, XV. 1-2. 

, udv^iiitages of mechanical ventilation, 

xix. 233-234, 235. 
— , air-vtsfstlx ill jjiunpiiiy-enyiues, xxi. 

156. 
— , Archtr and Rohnon sprayer, xxxvi. 

100, 101. 

, atttnilaure at meetiiig-i, xxi. 158. 

, Bastier chain pump xv. 137, 138 ; 

xvi. 132. 

- , Blanchet system of rainnq coal, xxiii. 
92. 

- , boiler experiments, xxix. 100. 

- , — explosions, xxxii. 200. 

— , Bowlker venti/atini/ fan, xxxi. 240, 
241 ; xxxii. 28-29, 32." 
, Burnett roller niining iredge and 
nicking machine, xxxv. 100. 

- -. hye-prodwAn of coke mamifacture, 

xxix. 84. 
— , Caloiv safety-cage, xvi. 27-28. 
— , centrifugal ventilators, xxvii. 110-111 

et aeq. 
— , channel tunnel , xxxii. 16-17. 
— , chronicles of coal trade, xvi. 6. 
— , classification of carbon if erotts rocks, 

xxvi. 51, 52. 

, coal-dust, xxxvii. 256-257. 
— , experiments, x xviii. 101-103, 

163 et seq. 
— , — producing districts of the Continent, 

XX viii. 81. 
— , — washing apparatus, xv. 129, 143. 
— , coffering shafts to keep back ivater, 

xxvi. 9, 11. 



Stbavkn.soN, a. Ij., comfHirison of (inibal 
and LeniiilU funs, xvi. 50, 51. 
, ronifiressftf-air machinery, xxi. 217- 
218. 

, conrtyance of coal underground, xvi. 
8990. 

, Vopide coke-ovens, xxii. 104 et seq., 
153-154 et svq. 

, Cornish /lumping-engine. Settling- 
stones, xxi. 65-66. 

, — and utht.r pnmping-engines. xix. 219. 
, correlation of coal-seams of North <rn 
Knglnnd, xxxvii. 24. 
, counterb ilanring engines, xxi. 219-220. 
-, windlng-fngints, xx. 212-216. 
, c()vcrL<l (iuil)al ventilator, Framcries, 
xvi. 6, 7, 10 21. 

, Duglish n'titir-gaii'/i', xvii. 29. 
, dangers of spa.rks from prickers and 
stemmers, xxxiii. 7, 8, 9, 12. 
, Davies coal-cutting and breaking 
down apparatus, xix. 59-62 ; plates 
xi.-xiv. 

, death of Mr. Jloskyns, xxi. 83. 
-, detection of inflammable gas in small 
quantities, xxvi. 133-136; plate xx.; 
xxvii. 67-68 et seq. 
, diamond rock boring, xxx. 102. 
, direct-acting engine, Towneleij, xv. 140 
et seq. , 294-295. 

, - ptinijiing and winding-engines, 
XV. 121 et seq. 

— , earth-movements and gases in mines, 
xxxvi. 45. 

— , earth-tremors and issues of gas, xxxvii. 
66. 

— , economical ivorking of boilers in 
collieries, xxxviii. 223-224, 226. 

— , experiments with coal-dust, xxxiv. 
251-252. 

— , explosion of air-receiver, Ryhope, 
xxxvii. 213. 

— , federation of Mining hustitutes, xxxvii. 
l"64-165, 167, 170. 

, feeding of colliery horses, xxxii. 161, 
162. 

- , fire-damp and choke-damp indicators, 
xvi. 3. 

— , — — explosions, Pennsylvania, xxxi. 
90. 

- , Forbes gas indicator, xxix. 174-175. 
— , foreign collieries, xxvii. 201. 

— , Furness hematite, xxxi. 237- 

— , gas, Strafford Main colliery, xvii. 42, 

56, 106 et seq.; xxv. 106. 
— , - in metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 71. 
— , qases occluded by coal, xxii. 29 ; xxvi. 

37, 38. 

— , gauzeless safety-lamp, xxxvii. 72. 

— , (r'uibcd and Waddle ventilators, xviii. 

100. 
— , hand-gear for reversing unnding- 

engines, xxvi. 149. 
--, Hasivell mechanical coal-getter, xxxiii. 

56-58, 59. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIT. 



169 



Steavenson, a. L. , Helton, Kaftty-lamp, 
xvii. 63. 

— , — , experiments, xvii. 1, 2, 4. 

— , hydraulic drill, Cleveland, xxxviii. ;S6. 

— , increase in tnember.shi]/, xxiii. 116. 

— , iron, .supports in main roads of 

mines, xxxvii. 141-142. 
— , joint committee on inechanical' 

ventilators, xxxvii. 185-186. 
— , Kind-Chaudron boring system, xx. 

200; xxi. 12, 15. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xvi. 30 ; xviii. 57 

et seq., 63-69, 99, 131 ; plates vii.-xv.; 

xix. 2, 3-4. 
— , ii<iht 7nineral oils as lubricants, xxxviii. 

9, 10. 
— , lightning in pit, Tanfield Moor, xxx. 

36, 41. 
— , — — — , West Thornley colliery, 

xxxvi. 49. 
— , Lincolnshire ironstone, xxiv. 157-158, 

162, 163. 
— , longivall ivorking, xx. 42. 
— , , Annesley colliery, xxi. 107 et 

seq. 
— , , East Hetton colliery, xxvi. 66, 

69. 
— , machines icorked by compressed-air, 

xxii. 22, 35-36, 73-75 et seq. 
— , manufacture of coke, Newcastle and 

Durham districts, viii. 109-135 ; ix. 3, 

10 et seq., 35-47, 48 et seq. ; xxii. 2, 3-19, 

20 ; and plates i.-xiv. 
— , Marreco water-gauge, xxviii. 73. 
— , Marsaut safety-lamp, xxxiv. 165 tt 

seq. 
— , mechanical stoking, xviii. 91 et seq. 

— , memoir of Thos. Sopwith, xxix. 111. 
— , methods of pumping, xvii. 21-24 et 

seq. 
— , mining coal by compressed lime, xxxiii. 

17, 18. 
— , — in mou7itain limestone, xix. 94. 
— , — statistics, xvii. 54. 
— , New South Wales, coal-nodules, 

xxxvii. 150. 
— , Newcastle water supply, xxiv. 59-60. 
— , observations at Seaham colliery during 

sealing up of maudlin seam, xxxii. 315- 

316. 
— , oil on wire-gauze, xv. 144. 
— , Pennsylvanian coal-ineasures, xxvi. 

45, 46. 

— , Pernolet and Aguillon's report on 
working and regulation of fiery mines 
in England, xxxi. 5-27, 29 ; plates i.-xi. 

— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182, 182a. 
— , practical geology, xxi. 247. 
— , pressure of gas in solid coal, xxx. 257. 
— , prevention of boiler accidents, xxx. 

82, 267, 268. 
— , pumping-engines, xx. 173-174. 
— , quoted, xii. 167, 174, 176 ; xix. app. 

i. 8, 22 ; xxiv. 255 ; xxxi. 229, 230 ; 

xxxviii. 40. 



Stkavknson, a. L., Hamjiey and Conki 

sigiuil indicator, xix. 24. 

, 7-egistration of colliery plans, xvi. 6. 
— , remarks on mechanical venlilution, 

xviii. 133-137. 

— , report of rules committee, xix. 10-'. 
, rivetting, xviii. 4, 5, 84. 

, Routledge-Johnson safety -lamp, xxxiv. 

190. 

, safety-hooks, xxix. 232. 
— , safety -lamps and shot -f ring, xxiv. 

170-171. 

, salt for laying coal-dust, xxxi. 150. 

, scroll drum, xxi. 90. 
— , securite, xxxvi. 83-84. 
— , signals on engine-plnnes, xxiv. 167. 

, Skelton Park and Lumpsey mines, 

xxxi. 105-114; plates xiii.-xx. 
--, smoke consumers, xvii. 74, 76. 
— , spontaneous combustion of coed, xxv. 

123-124 et seq. 

- , statical and dynamical pressure in 
lifting sets, xxi. 65-66, 100, 101. 

, steam boilers, xviii. 108 et seq. ; xx. 

126. 
— , steel supports for main roads in 

Cleveland mines, xxxvii. 221-244; 

plate 1. 
— , Sub-Wealden boring, xxiii. 160, 161. 
— , Swa7i electric safety-lamp, xxx. 156- 

157 ; XXXV. 58-59'. 
— , system of working ironstone at 

Lumpsey by hydraulic drills, xxxvi. 

67-71, 72; plates ix.-xi. 
— , syste)ns of opening bridges, xxii. 72. 
— , tail-rope conmiittee's report, xviii. 62, 

74-75, 79 et seq. 
— , technical education, xvii. 103 ; xviii. 6. 

— , transmission of power by steam, xxxv. 
164, 165. 

-, Transylvanian gold-mining, xxxv. 93. 
— , Turner safety-cage, xx. 80. 

— , underground conveyance, Cleveland, 
xvi. 92, 93, 126, 127. 

— , , Pelton, xvi. 103-104. 

— , — surveying, xx. 109, 111. 

— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 131 et seq., 

140, 146-149', 150 et seq., 154, 157, 158. 
— , ventilation of mines, xxvi. 178-179. 
— , visit to Broivney colliery, xxviii. 106. 

— , Cleveland, xxx. 269. 

— , visits to works, xxiv. 255. 

— , vote of thanks to 0. B. Forster, xxxiii. 

237. 
— , West Cumberland hematite-deposits, 

xxviii. 222-224. 
— , winding-engines, xxiv. 261. 
Steel, Henderson, xxxvii. abs. 65-66. 
bars, strength, xviii. 13-14. 

— boiler plates, xxx. 72. 

boilers, xxix. 94; plate viii. ; xxx. 
267-268. 

— ingots, production, xxxii. abs. 32. 

— manufacture, America, xxxii. abs. 34. 
, Italy, xxxviii. abs. 24. 



170 



GENEnAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Steel mill, xv. 'JO? -'OS, -Jl.* ; xxxiv. lOJ, 

io:>. 

liiil guulcH, xxxi. ahs. '2S '2il. 
r«)|H.'s, xxxi. ftlwi, IS, II). 
»u|)|KirtH fur iniiiii r<ia<l.s in Cleveliind 
iiiineH, xxxvii. 'J'JI*J44 ; plati-.s l.li. 

— testing, xxxiv. iihs. 13. 
, I)en«in, xxvii. 'JlJ'i. 

— wire ropi's, vii. '2l't. 

— , experiments, viii. 17, 183. 

— works, Denain. France, xxvii. 257. 

, South Wales, xxiii. ■24t)-'247. 

Stkelk, C. H., letter, xi. 181. 
Steering gear, hylraulic, xxvi. 14r)-l46. 
Stekani, I'rok. UK, ijiioted, xxxvii. abs. 

37. 
Steinad, R. ani> C, quoteJ, xxxvi. abs. 

4.-). 
Steindel, C. von, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 3. 
Stein MANN, Gkn., quoted, xxxvii. 99. 
SteinsoN, CAfT., spontnntonif coinbiuilion 

of coal, XXV. 116 ft seq., 184. 
Stella Coal Co., quoted, iii. app. 4, 9. 
Stella colliery, horses, xxxii. 110. 
, plant, xxxvi. '207. 

— pit coal, ii. 113. 

Stellar seam, xix. I'24, 134, 135. 
Stelzner, a. \V., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 

40 ; xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Stemmers and prickers, danger of sparks, 

xxxiii. 3 12, 61-G2. 
Stemming, clay or coal-dust, experiments 

on sliots, xxxiv. 227 et .st<j., 305 et .ve'/. 
Stephenson, Clement, /eet/i/ir/ o/ colliery 

horie-<, xxxii. 162-163. 
Stephenson, Geokge, centenary, xxx. 

133-134. 
— , quoted, viii. 36; ix. 57; x. 12, 18 ; xii. 

73 ; xiv. 126 ; xv. 49, 50, 51, 213, 222, 

223,226, 244 ; xxx. 36, 40; xxxvi. 133, 

134. 
— , safety-lamp, i. 303 et xeq.; xxix. 153 ; 

xxxviii. 37. 
— , , experiments, xv. 101, 102; 

xviL 2, 4, 18-19, 39 ; xxiii. 16 e/ sf-q. 

— , , Straiford Main, xvii. 48, 49. 

— , — ^, use of, X. 126, 142, 143. 

— , , used in pillar working, ix. 26- 

27. 
Stephenson, George and Robert, bio- 
graphy, viii. 33. 
Stephenson, Rout., bequest, viii. 8-9, 

172-173 ; xi. 223 ; xii. 12 ; xix. 1, 15. 
— , death of, viii. 8-9. 
— , election, i. 217. 
— , proposed College of Science, i. 222-225, 

226 et seq. 
— , quoted, viii. 35 ; ix. 2, 12, 63 ; x. 22 ; 

XV. 51, 216, 227, 245, 248, 252; xxi. 

127 ; xxxvii. 224. 
— , schooldays, viii. 40, 47, 49, 51, 52. 
Stevenson, — , puviping-engmes, xx. 

174. 
Stevenson, Arch., Moi-ton ejector con- 

den-ter, xxiii. 166. 



Stevenson, .Ias. , Midil/i.ilno' /Kilt, xiii. 

21. 
Stevenson, Koiir. , i i/m rimiuts iriili coui- 

UhmI, xxviii. 158-159, 165. 

— , (juoted, xxxi. 128. 

— , use of salt for laying dust in mines, 
xxxi. 145-147. 

Stewart, A., iiand-gear for starting and 
reversing winding-engines, xxvi. 147- 
148 ; plate xxii. 

Stewart seam, xix. 127, 128. 

Stiginaria, xi. 172. 

Still, K. Miriiav, mining coal by com- 
pressed lime, xxxiii. 13-16, 17-18, 59. 

StuikarU coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 

Stints, in South Staffordshire, x. 185'/ 

Ht-q. 

Stirling, , quoted, xxviii. 130, 131. 
Stirlinc!, Jas., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 3S. 
Stobart, , (luoted, ix. 48. 
StokaRT, F. , J'eediiiy of colliery homes, 

xxxii. 163. 
Stohaut & Co., H., (juoted, iii. app. 7. 
STonus, Jso. , Biirrddon colliery ex/>lo!iioii , 

viii. 164. 
Stoikalper, E. , quoted, xxxi. abs. 29. 
Stockton, ii. 115-116; x. 55; xv. 187. 

and Darlington railway, viii. 51, 52, 

56, 57, 58 ; xv. '227 ; xxxvi. 133. 
— , traffic, xii. 171-172. 

— colliery, New .^outh Wales, xxxvii. 
147 et mq.; plate xxxiv. 

— ironworks, v. 213. 
Stockworks, xxxv. 82, 88. 
Stodart, -, quoted, iii. app. 8. 
Stoesser, a., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 106. 
Stohlberg coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
Stokers, rating, xiv. 56. 

Stokes, A. H., (jUoted, xxxviii. 59. 
Stokes, Prof., quoted, xxxi. 148. 
Stoking, Keyham experiments, xiv. 49-50. 
— , mechanical, xviii. 38-39, 41-49, 51-65, 

86-98, 108 et seq. 
— , - , for colliery boilers, xxvii. 205-212 ; 

plates xxvi. -xxvii. 
Stolzemburg, copper- pyrites, xxxiv. abs. 

13. 
Stone, artifical, xxiii. 15"^. 
— , hardening, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
— , quality. County Durham, xii. 25-26. 

— baring machine, xxxiii. abs. 6. 

— coal-seam, ii. 144, 215 ; .section, xiii. 
75 ; xxxii. 351 ; xxxvii. 6, 15, 126. 

— close coal, xxxiii. 72 ; xxxvii. 19. 
, limestone, xxxvii. 19. 

— cutting machinery, xxxv. abs. 21-22. 

— dressing machine, Hunter, xxvii. 15. 

— drift supports, xxxvi. abs. 34. 

— dust, stemming, xxxiv. 305-306 el xeq. 

— dykes, xxviii. 5. 

— preservatives, xi. 25. 

— tubbing, ix. 145 ; xi. 25 ; xxxvi. abs. 
29. 

Stonecroft, xxiv. 137, 147-149. 

— mines, xxvii. 18-21 ; plan, 19. 



Volumes t. to xxxvitt. 



m 



Stonecroft aliaft, xxvii. 299, :{U0. 

— aiul(Jrcysi<l(; loiul-inine.s, xxvii. lo-'il ; 
plate iv. 

StONKOKOKT and (tKKVSIDK Minin(! 

Company, (iiioted, xxvii. 15. 
Stony coal-soain, ix. 204, 218, 220, 222, 

224 ; xxiv. 179 ; xxx. 125 ; xxxvii. l.S, 

20. 
Stooks, Dipton, ix. 21-23. 
— , Killingworth, ix. 25. 
— , Woodifield colliery, viii. 89 el ■'«'<i. 
Stop-valve, h^'draulic, xx. 182; plate Hi. 
Stopiug, xxviii. 14(5. 
Stoppings, colliery working.s, vii. 22, 84 

id .s/;ry., 44 cl scij. 
Stops for waggons on inclines, automatic, 

xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Stores, Warora, cost, xxx viii. 162-163. 
Storey, Thos., quoted, i. 7. 
Stott, Jas., quoted, xiv. 113, 114. 
— , tail-ropes, xv. 28 95-96. 
Stove anthracite coal, xiii. 28, 33. 
Stowage of coal, xiv. 63. 
Stratford Main colliery, dislocations in 

thill, and gas, xxv. 23-27, 104-106; 

plates ii.-v. 

, gas-blower, xxx. 257. 

, Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 

, Hick coal-screen, xxi. 295 e.t -stq. 

■, outburst of fire-damp, xvii. 42- 

43, 51, 55-60, 81-86, 106-113; plates 

v., vi. 
Straker, Jno., quoted, xxxviii. 192, 196, 

197. 
— , vote of thanks to E. F. Boyd, xix. 57. 
Straker and Love, quoted, iii. app. 7. 
Stratford colliery, sections, xxxiii. 162. 
Stratigraphy, Redesdale district, xxii. 

112-116. 
Stratton, T. H. M., alteration of bye- 

lan's of InMitute, xxxviii. 185. 
— , liijlit 7miieral oils as I'thricniil'^, xxxviii. 

10." 
— , presence of coal-dust affecting explo- 
sions, xxxviii. 10. 
— , ivinnimj of Jlii/h Main coal at Gos- 

forth, xxxviii. 202, 203. 
Strawberry Hill dyke, xxxi. 158. 
Streichender pfeilerbau, xxviii. 39. 

— strebbau, xxviii. 39-40. 
Strength of chains, vii. 211-217. 

iron, xiii. 137-139, 152; table, xiv. 

24. 

marine boilers, xxiv. 119-122. 

furnaces, xxiv. 122-124. 

single and double rivetting, xviii. 9. 

tubbing in shafts, ix. 146, 149, 175- 

184. 

winding-ropes, xxxiv. abs. 69. 

wii'e-ropes, vii. 211-217. 

— wrouglit-iron in compression, xxix. 
179-186; plate xxxii. ; xxx. 89-90; 
xxxii. 180 ; xxxiii. 63-65. 

Stress in cylindrical and spl\erical dams, 
internal, xxxii. 201-213, 221-222. 



Stretcher for miners, xxxiii. abs. 83. 

Strikes, iii. af)p. II ; xiii. .33-34 ; xv. 206, 
209, 219-220, 226, 228, 2.32, 2.33, 241 
242, 249, 250, 255, 259, 26.3,' 2<i4, 
265 ; xxx v. 216. 

— , Warora, xxxviii. 117. 

STRONfi, Geo., liij/ilvimj, Kimlihsirorik 

vollitry, xxx. 129. 
Strontianite, analysis, xxxiii. abs. 15. 

— mines, Drensteinfurt,xxxiii. abs. 15. 
Stroud, Prof. H., impmrcd form of 

seismosrope, xxxvii. 112-113. 
— , lif/hlning, Thoridcyrollirv}/, xxwi. 49. 
Structure of basalt, xxvi. 123. 

— Cumberland coal-field, xxxii. 319- 
361; plates xxxii. -XXX vi.; xxxiii. 121- 
148 ; plates v. -vii. 

iron-ore, xxxv. 116, 120, 123, 126, 

128, 130-131, 133, 1.34, 1.36, 140-142. 

ironstone, vii. 89, 93-94. 

native gold, xxxi. 159. 

veins, xxx. 27-28 ; figure, 28. 

Struve ventilator, i. 259-260, 261 el 
.se^.; iii. 327, 364; vi. 145 ; xi. 98; 
xix. 225-226 ; plate xiii. 

— , Cwm Avon, xxx. 282-283 ; plates 
Iviii. -Ixiii. 

- -, Middle Dutl'ryn, xviii. 133. 
Strzelecki, Count, quoted, vi. 34. 
Stuart, Moses, quoted, xi., 165-166. 
Stuart-Menkeith, p. W., quoted, xxxii. 

abs. 4 ; xxxvi. abs. 38. 
Stublick coal-field, sections, xi. 114. 
seams, xxxvii. 15. 

— dyke, xviii. 168, 169, 170 ; xxxvii. 15. 
to Dolpliington Hill, section, xi. 

120. 

— to Shield-on-the-wall, section, xviii. 
plate xliv. 

Studfold colliery, xxxiii. 122, 139 ; sec- 
tion, 148. 
Sbuhlsatzenhaus borehole, xxviii. 19. 
Stur, D., quoted, xxxv. abs. 23 ; xxxvii. 

abs. 62. 
Styles mine, xix. 118-119. 
Styria, coal, mammalian remains, xxxvii. 

abs. 61. 
— , coal-measures, iv. 55-56. 
— , Fohnsdorf coal-field, xxxviii. abs. 50. 
— , lignites, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Styx dyke, xxviii. 21. 
Sub-Permian and submarine extension 

of coal-measures, xxxii. 354-356. 
Sub-Wealden boring, xxiii. 160-161; xxvi. 

26, 27 ; xxx. 84, 85, 95. 

exploration, xxiii. 185, 186. 

Submarine coal. Cape Breton, xxiv. 173- 

189 ; plate xxxiv. 
Submerged mines, no gas in, xxxviii. 64. 
Subscribitig collieries, xi. 212 ; xii. 148. 
Subscription list, 187- joint meeting, 

xxi. 157. 
Subscriptions, xxxviii. 43. 
— , arrears, xiii. 215-216; xiv. 1. 

— from collieries, iii. 225 ; iv. 3 ; ix, 212. 



172 



GEITERAL irfDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Subsidence of laiul, xiii. IS'J-KSM; xxxv. 

uhs. ti-J. 
SubHisttincti of tire-daiiii) at lii^ii lension, 

i. L'Trj-'-'OO. 
Substitutes f(ir c«»Jil, xxxvi. 144-147. 
Suiress euj^ine pit, xix. I'J.S. 

— of lustitute, iv. '2().')-'2J>t) ; xiii. 217. 
Succession of rock.>i, iii. I'J-i.S. 
Suction reguliilor, xxx. oO-.VJ ; plate xi. 
Sudbury waterworks, punipiiig-engine, 

xxiii. 7-8,9, 1*2. 
SuiU'iiburg Iwrehole, xxvii. ;i7-3S; xxx. 88. 
Sri';ss, 1'bof. Kdw., (juotod, xxxv. abs. Ii4. 
Sjiez caiuil, viii. 79; xxxv. •229-'2.S2. 
Sr(Ji>KN, Tiios., (juoted, xxix.'21l. 
Su<i(i piessure gauges, xvii. 4*2. 
Suggestion of subjects for papers, xx. 

•2*20. 
Sulphate of \)aryt;i in mine watei , Walker 

colliery, xii. 206. 
Sulphide veins, origin of, xxxiii. abs. 10. 
Sulphur, xxv. 84. 
— , Caucasus, xxxiii. abs. 32. 

— , coke freed from, ix. 41-43, 46-47, T)©- 
51. 

— , New S 'Uth Wales coal, vi. 48. 
— , Trnskawiec, xxxvii. ab.s. 61. 

— bands, Cleveland, xiii. 130 ; xxxv. 
116 ; sections, 145. 

— bank, U.S.A., xxxiii. ab.s. 37, 53. 

— deposits, Formosa, xxxiv. 69, 70, 78. 

— in coal, vi. 48 ; xxii. 9. 
coke. xiii. 125. 

coking coal, removal, viii. 121-1*22. 

— mines, Sicily, xxxviii. 50-53. 
Sulphuret of nickel in coal-beds, xii. 206. 
Sulphuretted hydrogen, eflfects, xii. 9 

tt spq. 

— — ^ in mines, xxxviii. 64-67. 
Sulphuric acid, iv. 275-276, 2.S0. 

, in pit shafts, ix. 69. 

f^ultana Valide, iii. 62. 

Sulz - unterm - Wald petroleum district, 

xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Sulzbach-Altenwald collieries, xxvii. 

189 ; xxviii. 49-50. 
St'LZEK expansion gear, xxvi. 110 et 

ftq.; plates xiv.-xvi. 
SuLZER-M.ARTiN winding-engine, xx\ii. 

271. 280-281 ; plate xxxvui. 
Sumatra, north-western, mining pros- 
pects, xxxvii. abs. 67. 
Summary of coal districts, ii. 169-170. 
tail-rope committee's report, xvii. 

app. i. 145-177. 
ventilation experiments, vii. 145 

197. 
Summer school of practical mining, 

xxxi. abs. 13. 
Sun arc-lamp, xxxiv. 39. 
Sund tunnel, xxxv. 228, "229. 
Sunderland, ii. 119; xxxiii. 165, 167. 
— , earth-shakes, xxxiii. 167-169. 
— , sinking of land, xxx^ ii. 65. 

— and Seabam railway, xv. 249. 



Sunderland dcxjks, swing bridge, xxii. 67. 
south dock, XV. 245. 

outlet, ilrawbridgf, xxii. 69-70. 

- waterworks, xiii. '207*208; xxxiii. 171- 
173, 174-175, 176-177. 

Sundry coal ilistrict, ii. 262-*265. 
Sunligiit electric safety-lamp, xxxvii. 

113- 116. 
Superficial deposits, xiii. 170-174; xxviii. 

118; xxxi. 218-219. 
Superheated steam, xi. 41 el ic(j. 

- water, xxxiii. ab.s. 104. 
Superiority of North of England pitmen, 

v. 12-13. 
Supports, iron, in main roads of mines, 

xxxvii. 135-143 ; plates xxx-xxxii. 
— , steel, for main roads in Clevelaml 

mines, xxxvii. '2*21-'244; plates l.-li. 
Surface affected by mine workings, xxxv. 

abs. 62-64. 

— condensers, xxiv. 109 ft/ w^. 

— earthquakes, xxxv. abs. 6*2. 

— endless-ciiain roads, xvii. app. i. 66- 
70, 82-86, 89-92. 

— erections, xix. 162. 

— haulage, Marieniont, xxvii. 182. 
-- surveying, xx. 85-86. 

— -, connexion with underground 
survey, xx. 97 €( neq. 

— temperatures, xxxiii. 19-22. 
Surroca coal-measures, Spain, xxxvi. 33, 

34-36, 40 ; map and section, 40. 
Survey, Flaggy Creek pit-heading, 

xxxviii. 13. 
Surveying, xxviii. 40-41. 

— , underground, xx. 19-47 
tables i.-v., 73-79 ; plates 

— , — , improvements, xx. 
112 ; plate xxxiv. 

— instruments, xxviii. 40-41 
65. 

— with loose needle, xxxi. 33-40. 
Surveys, mining, iv. 267, 270 ; x. 22. 
Suspended centring, xxxii, abs. 81. 

— dial, xxviii. 40-41. 

Sussex, New Brunswick, xxx. 57. 
Sutherland's Brook, Nova Scotia, xxvi. 

80, 82. 
SvED.MARK, Ere, quoted xxxviii. abs. 46. 
SvEUONirs, Dr. F., quoted, xxxv. abs. 

32. 
Swainby, section, v. 203, 204 ; vii. 86-87. 

— mines, sections, vii. 86, 87. 
Swallow holes, xxiii. 75, 76, 77 ; xxxii. 

51. 
Swally, depression in northern coal-field, 

iii. 6 ; viu. 25, '26, '28, 29. 
Swamp, Cinderhill colliery, x. 154, 158. 
Swan, J. W., electric safety-lamp, xxx. 

149-156, 157-158, 159 ; plate xxxviii. 
— , — — — , with portable secondary 

battery, xxxi. 117-118; plate xxi. ; 

xxxiv. 40, 41 ; xxxv. '240. 
— , improved electric safety-lamp, xxxvi. 

3-8, 9 et seq., 55 et seq.; plate i. 



; plate xxv.; 
xxxi. -xxxii. 
84-106, 106- 



figures. 



( 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



173 



Swan, J. W., /ii/hfuin;/, ThoriUai/ coUinry, 

xxxvi. 49. 
— , portable electric safety-lamp, xxxv. 

51-54, 56, 59-62 el. sr.q.,- plate vii. 
— , quoted, xxxv. 240. 
Swansea, xxiii. 241. 

— Valley, anthracites, xxxi. 189. 
Sweden, coal-fields, xxxv. abs. 32. 
— , kaolin, xxxiii. abs. 53. 

— , mineral statistics, xxxviii. abs. 46-47. 
Swelly, depression, iii. 6; viii. 25, 26, 28, 

29. 
SwETE, Oswald, portable electric lamp, 

xxxviii. 17, 18, 19. 
Swift, Jos., Lundhill colliery explosion, 

V. 238. 
Swing bridges, xxii. 02-68; plates xv. - 

xvii. 

— door, Longridge, i. 235-236. 
Svvinhoe burn, xxxiii. 69. 

— coal, xxxiii. 73 ; xxxvii. 13, 19. 
Swiss Boiler Owners Association, 

xxix. 31-33. 
Switches, electric lamps, xxxiv. 54-55 ; 

plates ix.-x. 
— , single lever, xxxiii. abs. 40. 
Sword coal property, xxiv. 182. 
Sybil hill, section, xxxiii. 162. 



Sydney, coal, evaporative power, xxvii. 

220. 
—coal-field, Cape Hreton, xxiv. I'M 216 ; 

plates xxxv.-xxxvi. 

— coal-seam, .section, analyses, and gaH 
production, xxvii. 219. 

— colliery, xxiv. 184185, 199-200; 
section, 216. 

— harbour, xix. 139, 150, 152-154. 

— main coal-aeam, xxiv. 179, 183, 193, 
199. 

— sandstone, vi. 28-29. 
Syenitic rocks, Moira, x. 161, 162. 
Syepoorite, xxxii. abs. 1. 
Syllabus,mining schools, xxxi. abs. 12, 1.3. 
Sylvanite, xxxv. 82. 

Sylvester, — , quoted, viii. 57-58. 
Synonyms of anthracite, xxxi. 176. 
Synopsis of coal-seams, xii. 152 ; xxxvii. 

6, 7, 12, 13. 
Syringopora, drawing, ix. 189. 
Sykoczynski, L., quoted, xxxv. abs. 9. 
Systems of working, iii. 62-65; iv. 61 -62,90. 

quarrying, xxxiii. 217-218. 

SzABO, Dr. Jos., quoted, xxxv. abs. 58. 
Szekul coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 57. 
Szlatina mine, Hungary, combustible gas, 

xxxviii. 61. 



T. 



Table of air expansion, i. 84, 85. 

pressure, i. 87. 

dimensions and power of engines, 

viii. 66. 
— — formations, East Somerset, ii. 

257. 
German coal production, xxvii. 27- 

29, 62-63. 

Lancashire coal-measures, xv. 14. 

mining accidents, xxvii. 60-61. 

Northumbrian carboniferous fossils, 

xii. 209-213. 
Prussian iron-ore production, xxvii. 

63. 
ventilation experiments, i. 109-113, 

117-122, 124-126, 127-129, 134-138, 

175, 176, 177, 200-201. 
Tatf Vale railway traffic, xxiii. 240. 
Tail-rope, iii. 279; v. 77 (I wy.,- xiv. 

Ill ; XV. 81-97, 14.3-144 ; plates x.-xi. ; 

xxxvi. 220. 

, drag, with safety-cages, x. 86-87. 

and endless-cliain committee, xiv. 

112, 113,133; xvi. 1,41,50, 101. 
, reports, xvi. 104-106 ; 

xvii. app. i. 1-177 ; xviii. 61-62, 71-84. 

commission, xxxviii. 38. 

■ committee, xxvii. 99. 

experiments, iii. 2il6 ; xv. 85. 

, tabular statement, xxviii. 237. 

system, compared with wire tram- 
way, XX. 11 ei* ser/. 
Tailings, xxxi. 166, 107. 



Tailings, assays, xxxi. 168-169. 
Tallies chassantes, level work, xxvii. 
174 ; plate xxii. 255, 269. 

— montantes, rise work, xxvii. 173 ; 
plate xxii. 

Takashima colliery, Japan, xxxiii. 182. 

Talargoch mine, xxv. 91. 

Talchir series, xxx. 7 ; section, 8 ; xxxii. 

150, 151, 153 ; xxxviii. 78, 79, 84. 
Talkin collier^', viii. 147-148. 
Tambo valley, Australia, minerals, 

xxxvii. abs. 38. 
Tamping of drill holes, xxxiv. abs. 29. 
Tamsui, town and river, xxxiv. 67, 68. 
Tanfield arch, xv. 203. 

— coal, xiii. 219, 220. 

— Moor colliery, xv. 210. 

— , lightning, xxx. .{J 44 ; plates 

viii.-x. 
Tangier, Nova Scotia, xxxi. 152, 158, 

159, 160, 161, 168. 
Tanhill, coal, xxxiii. 136. 
Tap, used with tubbing, xi. 13. 
Tar, as a timber preservative, xii. 37-38. 
— , still-stones boiled in, xi. 25. 
— , tubbing steejied in, xii. 27. 
Tasmania, coal, vi. 37 : xxxvii. abs. 78. 

, geology, xxxiv. abs. 32. 
Tate, Geo., quoted, xii. 32, 208 ; xiii. 

175-178; xxiv. 79, 141; xxv. 227. 

231 ; xxvi. 49, 50, 52 ; xxvii. 300, 301 : 

xxx. 125 ; xxxiii. "0, 73, 78, 80 ; xxxvii. 

10. 



174 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Kiiiilittxioorth 



138. 



Tatk, John, /i<ihl'inii<i, Kiinli/isiiutrlh 

col lit ry, xxx. IHO. 
— , quoted, xxiii. 44. 
Tatk, Simon, fiiihtniinj, 

aJli,ry, xxx. l'iy.131. 
Tiuiutixien coalneiim, section, xxviii. 6.\ 
TiiiK-ni Alps. j,'ciM .liBtrict, xxxi. abs. 38. 
Taiipiii I'oiil-iniiu', xxxv. ISl. 
Tavistui-k, Hiislii'icliiiiu -pump, xv. 
Taxes on coal, xii. lO.'i. 
T.iy, mw bridge, xxxv. '2-»y, 231. 
Tavi,ok, , (juoted, X. 1-. 
Tayi.ok, 1'rof. , qiioted, xi. 47. 
Tavi.uk, Ki.i/.a, (|uoteil, ix. "24"). 
Tavlok, llltJll, iiimlyaes of rocks, coal 

formation, iii. II -'25. 
— , ili.itrifiiifioii (>/ jia/>trs, vii. '29. 
--, letter, iv. 109. 
— , Liniihy ami lliitton collvrlion, iii. 373- 

374. 

— , Miiiiinj Coltfiie, vii. 183. 

— , minimi iiisfintois' reporls, iii. 372. 

, <|Uoteil, ii. 10r>, 171, '220; iii. 5; ix. 

•23,S--.'.39; xii. '200; xv. '2'28, '230, '231, 

'24.J ; xix. ISO ; xxxvii. 9. 
— , rent Hat ion of coal-mines, vii. 36, 39. 

— , nudenjround lioilir.i, xiii. 4, 5. 

— , vice-president, election, xii. 4'2. 
— , ivorkiiKj of cunl-mint^, vii. 36, 39. 
Taylor, John, Broadbent mfely-ciuje, 

xvi. 31. 
— , Ca/oir mfi'ty cmjt, xvi. 26, 28, 29. 
— , coal-mining, xii. 149-218. 
— , quoted, iii. 36.5 ; xii. 87, 208 ; xv. 

257, 260; xxxvii. 4, 125. 
— , sinkinfj throutjh taml, Ryhojte, v. 

148-149 rl seq. 
Tavlok, R. C, quoted, ii. 105, 171, 220; 

iii. 5 ; xiii. '25, 100, 103, 164, 202. 
Taylok, Thus. J., ii. 13, 14 et .seq., 54 

tt .>«/., '233-'234; iii. 5-10, 54, 55; v. 

26 ; vi. 2, 4, 6-7 ; ix. 90. 
— , fiinnial election of officers, v. 161. 
— , Burradon colliery explosion, viii. 137, 

161-170. 
— , causes of variation of densitj- of air 

circulating in coal-mines, vii. 129-131. 
— , Chrdnnd irouMont, vi. 7, 8, 9. 

— , comhim-d drainage, v. 162e< seq. 

— , consninptioii of fuel by furnarts ond 

vvnfHatinf) machives, vii. 75. 
— , contraction of upcast shafts, iv. 15-19. 
■ , conn yn nee of coal undergroimd, iv. 35. 
--, copyright of papers, v. 2. 

— , ilay <f meeting, iv. 139. 

— , ilen-:ity of the earth, iii. 58. 

— , drainage of coal-mines, v. 135. 

— , dnrn/ion of norlheiti coat-field, iii. 5 

et seq. 
— , Erekli and Rodosto co<U -fields, iii. 54, 

55. 
— , exchange of jivbliratiovs, iv. 36. 
— , experiments with steam jets, East 

Hoh-well colliory, i. •203-'205, 213, 215- 

216,' -233. 



Tayi.ok, Tmos. J., gift of books, i. 271. 

, liglitiui,' power of lamps, i. 33'2-333. 

, /jindli y ami llntlim collection, v. 161- 

162. 
— , Lund hill accident and mine rent Ha- 

tton, vi. 217. 
— , mi-moir, ix. 237-245. 
— , Mining I 'ollige, iii. 57; vi. '202; vii. Hi). 
— , nt)tes on the J. J. Atkinson theory of 

ventilatiim, iii. 55, 347-369. 
— , photography, v. 164. 
— , pillar working, ix. '29. 
— , proofs of the subsistence of fire-damp 

oi coal-mines in a high state of tension 

in situ, i. ()3, 275-'2!l9 ; ii. 11. 
-, quoted, i. 57 ; ii. 180; iv. 4, 23, 31, 

32, 113, 132, 148, '205 et seq. ; v. 154; 

vii. 1.S4 et seq. ; viii. 197-198; ix. 52, 

90, '252 ; x. 16, 22, 49 ; xi. 61, 63, 106, 

107, 110, 111, 114; xii. 32, 149, 176; 

xiii. 113, 1-22, 1*27; xv. 79, 179, 186, 

187, 214, '2-25, 2'28, '240-241, '243-244, 

246, '253, 254, "278; xvii. 81; xviii. 

133; xix. 42, 46, 178; xxii. 114-115, 

1 18 ; xxxvii. 9. 
— , safety-lamps, i. 316-318. 

— , sinkinj through sand, v. 15'2 et seq. 
— , separate copie.t of papers, v. 4. 

— , system of draining coal-mines, v. 135- 

141. 
— , statistics, iv. 140. 

, Tyae low main seam, viii. 97-100, 105- 

106. 
— , ventilation experiments, vii. 74 et seq. ; 

105 et seq. 
— , — of mines, iv. 5, 8 et seq., 32. 

— , white coal, iv. 1 13. 

— , working thick and thin seams, v. 6 

et seq. 
Taylor, W. N., air-compressing ma- 
chinery, Ryhope, xxi. 73-82 ; plates 

xiv.-xxii. ; xxii. 20, 30, 72-79. 
— , quoted, xx. 73, 74 ; xxxviii. 38. 
Taj'lor group, xxxi. 161 ; section, 173. 
Taylors, quoted, iii. app. 2. 
Tchorok basin copper-deposits, xxxv. 

abs. 9. 
Tchulkowo, xxiv. 5. 

Tkale safety-lamp, xvii. 1 ; xxix. 143. 
Team colliery, xiii. 74 ; section, 75. 

, pillar workings, i. 245. 

, ventilation experiments, i. 196- 

202. 
Teasdale, W. R., quoted, xxxvi. 47-48. 
Technical education, xvii. 65, 95-104, 

113; xviii. 30-32; xix. 53-54; xxiii. 

60 ; xxxi. 136 ; xxxvi. 154-155, 165. 
committee, formation, xix. 40, 188- 

189. 

, labours, xviii. 149-150. 

, report, xviii. pages ix.-xi. 3, 7 ; 

xix. pages ix.-xiii. 
Teckel coke-oven, xxii 20. 
Tecklenburg, - , quoted, xxxii. abs. 67, 

76 ; xxxiii. abs. 7, 90. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIl. 



175 



Tees ironwoiks, v. 213. 
river, xii. 151. 

— — to Fife, geological map, facing xi. 
128. 

Firth of Forth, geological map, 

facing xii. 149. 

— side, ironworks, v. 214. 

, Pentland Hills, section, xi. 120. 

— Wallscnd coal-district, ii. 155. 
Teeth of wheels, xxi. 271-284; plates 

xlii.-xlv. 
Tegernsee petroleum, xxxii. abs. 58. 
Teluiantepec, Isthmus, xxxv. abs. 82. 
Telegraph cable, spontaneous combustion, 
XXV. 186-187. 

— wires, coating for, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
Telephonic ventilation tell-tale, xxvii. 

67-68, 121-124; xxviii. 67. 
Telescopic level, merits, xxvii. 4. 
Tellier, L., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 'M. 
— , stone drift supporting system, xxxvi. 

abs. 34. 
Tell-tale, telephonic ventilation, xxvii. 

67, 121-124 ; xxviii. 67-68. 
Tellus boring, Uerdingen, xxix. 69. 
Telwasa coal, xxxviii. 81. 
Tempei'ature, air in mines, iv. 8 ef ,seq. , 

142, 147 ft seq., 203 at .seq. ; vii. 66- 

67, 68 ef. seq., 110, 115 et .seq., 130 tt 

wf/., 135 e( 'seq., 186 et stq. 
— , — , reduced by compressed-air, 

xxi. 79-80. 
— , Arlberg tunnel, xxxiv. abs. 35; 

xxxvii. abs. 61. 
— , blast, xiii. 134-135. 
— , changes in air-ways of mines, iii. 87 

et seq. , 352. 
— , coal-mines, xix. 45. 
— , gases, xiii. 141-143. 
— , — in steamer funnels, xxvii. 10-11. 
— , — issuing from coke-ovens, xxix. 82. 
— , interior of mountains, xxxi. abs. 44. 
— , St. Gothard tunnel, xxxiii. 19-34. 
— , underground, xviii. 28 ; xxxi. 59-73, 

204-205 ; xxxiii. abs. 11. 

— curves, iv. 146. 

— formulfe, iv. 151 et seq. 

— observations, Schladebach boring, 
xxxviii. abs. 1. 

— variations, in mines, xii. 52 et seq. 
Temperatures, after explosion, Liindhill 

colliery, v. 240, 252, 253 ^/ .sv 7. 

- in Channel tunnel, xxxii. 14. 
Ten, a coal-measure, xix. 184-185. 

— band seam, Shotley Bridge, xiii. 112. 

- quarter band coal-seam, xxxiii. 121- 
125, 128, 129, 133, 141, 144, 146. 

coal-seam, xiii. 87, 88. 

_ ^ sections, xxxii. 328, .330, 3.S2- 

335, 342, 348. 

— yard coal-seam, Staftordshire, method 
of working, x. 183-197. 

, — , spontaneous combustion, 

XXV. 119. 
limestone, xxxvii. 13, 18. 



Ten years' mineral statisticB, United 

Kingdom, xxi. 161 198. 
Tenbrink boiler firing syatcm, xxxiii. 

abs. 7. 
Tennant, M. E., quoted, iv. 290. 
Tennessee, coal and injii, xxxv. abs. 8. 
— , hematites, xxxiii. abs. 23. 
Tensions of aqueous vapour, table, iii. 

180-184. 
Ter river, xxxvi. 33, 38, 39. 
Terebratula punctata, xxxv. 119. 
Terglon, mount, iv. 94. 
Tekiniier, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 109. 
Term of presidential office, xvi. 129-1.30. 
Tertiary coals, Corinthia, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
Tesselated ironstone rock, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Testing boilers, xx. 59. 

— iron and steel, xxxiv. abs. 13. 
safety-lamps, xxxv. 3-44 ; plates i.-vi. 

- steam coal, xv. 261. 

Tests, safety-lamps, xxix. 115-117- 

— , girders and timber balks, xxxvii. 
222-223, 228-243. 

Tete, Zambesi, coal, xxxiii. abs. 109. 

Texas, coal, xxxi. abs. 39. 

— , copper, xxxiii. abs. 51. 

Textile ropes, xxxi. abs. 17, 18, 19. 

TuALEN magnetometer, xxxiv. abs. 35. 

Thames gold-fields, New Zealand, plati- 
num, xxxiii. abs. 51. 

-- tunnel, xxxv. 229. 

Tharsis pyrites mines, xxxvii. 27, 32. 

Theft by miners, xxxi. 164, 171. 

Theodolites, Saarbriicken collieries, xxvii. 
189-190. 

— , use of, XX. 23, 24, 46, 86 ef str/., 
103 et .ver/. 

Theories] of deposition, iron-ore, xxxv. 
149-157. 

, hematite, xxx. 27-30, 113-118. 

faixlts, XX. 150-151. 

— intrusion, xxvii. 74-75, 79-80, 84- 
85, 302-303. 

piimping, xxi. 123 tt .seq. 

ventilation of mines, iii. 73-222. 

Thermometer, balance, xxxiv. 142. 

— readings, Seaham colliery, xxxii. 228- 
229. 

Thcux to Richelle, Holland, section, 

xxvi. plate iv. 
Thew, Luke, iiijhfiiiiKj, Kimhhsirorth 

collif'nj, xxx. 130. 
Thikaut, L., quoted, xxxii. abs. 15 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 46. 
Thick iuid thin seams, comparative cost, 

iv. 198-199. 
, working of, v. 5-8. 

— coal-seam, x. 168, 171, 173, 174. 

— , method oT working, x. 183-197. 

Thickness of Bernician strata, xxx. 126- 

127. 

boilerplates, xx. 121-122. 

carboniferous strata, xxx. 56. 

Ciitalonian coal-measures, xxxvi. 

35-36. 



17C 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Tliiokiic88 of (.'oal-sfitnis, ii. '2r)'2-2ril\ ; 
xvii. 7H ; xxii. 140 144; xxiii. 17*2-176: 
xxiv. 'i.H-l'i; XXV. l.'MT ; tultK-.s, xxiii. 
•210, i»;')4-'2:)(} ; xxxii. ;UM .S.V). 

, Foriutmii, tiihle, xxxiv. 7*2. 

— — ironstonu bamls, xxv. 6209 ; 
xxxii. 4.'), 4B. 

— - liincstuiie, Murtoii, v. 44. 

salt betiM, xiii. 18, 11;"). 

sand, MurttMi, v. 54. 

seaina, ii. '27*2 '279 ; iii. fi3-08 ; iv. 

•290; V. 28 ; vi. IS- 11) ; viii. '24 27 ; x. 
09 102; xix. 76, 79, HO, 117 119, 123- 
129, i:{l5 l.SS. 141, 144, 147, Mil, 150, 
155-157, Ui.i. 

atratii, vii. SO, 90 ; xv. V.i, 14 ; 

xxiv. 74-77, 134-140; xxvi. 4S-.')0 ; 
xxxii. 347-348 ; xxxiv. 128, 129, 132, 
135. 

veins, xxxi. 157, 158, 160. 

Thiele coal-scain, Saarbruck, section, 

xxviii. 61. 
Thielemann coal-seams, suction, xxviii. 

61. 
Thiers shaft, Anzin, xxvii. 174, 268-270. 
Thill, outbursts of gas from, xxxi. 10-12. 
-- of Silkstone coal-seam, dislocations, 

xxv. 23-27, 104-106; plates ii.-v. 
Thilo, E., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 10. 
Thin coal-seams, working of, iv. 193- 

201. 
Third limestone, xxviii. 113, 114, 125, 
128, 130, 134 ; sections, 155 ; xxxiv. 
126, 129 ; sections, 136. 
Thirion, D. Leopold, classifier, xxxii. 

abs. 51. 
Thirlby, v. 206. 
Thirteenth centur}', coal-mining, xv. 177- 

178. 
Thirty inch coal-seam, section, xxxii. 
335; xxxiii. 122, 123, 133, 134, 138; 
xxxvii. 12. 
TiiiRWELL, RoBT., Hf/htniufj, Kimhlen. 

tvorlh coHitry, xxx. 130. 
Tholey, section, xxviii. 65. 
Tho.m.\s, , quoted, xii. 36 ; xv. 79 ; xvi. 

6 ; xxvi. 35 et .stq. 
Thomas, Phii,. , quoted, xxxv. abs. 43. 
Thomas, W., quoted, xxvii. 8. 
Thomas, W. .)., quoted, xxxvii. 245. 
Thomas-Gilchkist process, xxxii. abs. 

10. 
Thomas clay ironstone, xxviii. 5. 
— ironstone band, sections, xi. 105, 111. 
TnoMrsoy, Dr., quoted, xxxvii. 9. 
Thompson, Ben., coke-oven, ix. 40-41. 
— , quoted, viii. 56-57, 117; xii. 175; 
xiii. 112, 113 ; xv. 223, 226 ; xix. 180, 
183. 
Thompson, John, Rurrudon colliery er- 

plo-iioit, viii. 164, 170. 
— , Lundhill colliery explosion, v. 238. 
Thompson, Jos., quoted, xix. app. i. 5. 
Thompson, Robt., ■■sttd boiler.<i, xxx. 267, 
268. 



Thompson, T., stair-grate furnaces, xix. 

68, 69. 
Thompson calorimeter, xxxvii. abs. 86. 

87. 
Thompson rmtrifuyiU jtiiJrcrizer, xxxiii. 

235, 236. 
Thomson, Davih, t|uoted, xxi. 99. 
Thomson, SiK W'm., (|Uotid, xxviii. 71. 
Thomson-Hoi'ston, spherical armature, 

xxxiv. 11 ; jdate ii. 
Thonaki), Lkon, quoted, xxxii. abs. 37 ; 

xxxiii. abs. 26, 27 ; xxxv. abs. 50. 
TnoNAun-MrKSELER safety-lamj), xxix. 

122-123 ; plate xiv. 
Thouhurn, , quoted, iv. 99. 
Thouman, J., rjuoted, xix. aj)p. i. 10, 15. 
Thr)rnclille colliery, coking experiments, 

xxii. 99- 101, 104, 106. 
Thoinejburn coal-seam, section, xi. 112. 
Tliornhill colliery, pumping-engine, xv. 

2S-29, 40-41. 
Thornley and Lud worth collieries, x v. 263. 
Thoknlev Coal Company, quoted, iii. 

apj). 3. 
Thornley colliery, xiii. 102; sections, 107, 

208 

— , tubbing, xi. 17. 
Thorpe, R. S., I'tniuiylvanidu coal- 

viea.sure.1, xxvi. 47-48. 
— , yjontujieows comhwition of coed, xxv. 

125 ht seq., 184. 
Thostes iron ore, analysis, xxxv. 76. 
Thrapston, xxxv. 135. 
— , iron-ores, analyses, 138. 
Three A mine. Lake Superior, xxiv. 244- 

245. 
Three-decked cages, time occupied in 

changing tubs, xxiii. 31 -.32 et seq. 
— feet coal-seam, sections, xi. 76, 78 ; 

xxxiii. 121, 148 ; xxxiv. 132, 134. 

— foot coal-seam, Cape Breton, xxiv. 
176, 177. 

Three-quarter coal-seam, ii. 144, 217 ; 

iv. 272-273; ix. 205, 217, 219, 223, 

225 ; plan, xi. 74 ; sections, xi. 75 ; 

xiii. 208; xxx. 125; xxxvii. 6, 7, I'i, 

15, 20, 126 ; xxxviii. 51. 
, Ebbw Vale, ix. 43. 

— quarters rake ironstone, x. 119. 

— yai'ds limestone, xiii. 186 ; xiv. 134 ; 
xxvii. 77 ; xxxiv. 1.30 ; section, xxxiv. 
130 ; xxxvii. 12. 

Thrislington colliery, Guibal ventilator, 

xix. 3 ; plate xiii. 
Throckley, ii. 159-160. 
— , telegraph wires, xxx. 44. 

— colliery, plant, xxxvi. 207. 
Throw of veins, xviii. 166-167. 
Thrust, crushing effect of resistance to, 

ix. 178 et aeq. 
Thrusts in coal-mines, vii. 33-34. 
Thunder bay mine. Lake Superior, xxiv. 

243. 
Thcry, L. E. F. Hericart de, quoted, 

xxxviii. 65. 



i 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVITI. 



Thurston, Rokt. H., quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. .S6. 
Ticket system, xxvii. 54. 
TiKT/.K, Dr. Kmil, (juoted, xxxi, abs. ;^9. 
Tightening ropes, apparatus for, xvii. 

app. i. 106-107, 126- 127. 
Till bed, xxiv. 134, 136. 
Tilley coal-seam, xxxvii. 7, 126. 
Timber, iii. 65 ; iv. 63, 64. 
— , longwall working, xxi. 5, 6-7, 104. 
— , preservatives, xii. 37-38. 
— , Warora, xxxviii. 130-133. 
— , winch used for drawing, viii. 95. 

— low vein coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 

— supply, xxiv. 248-249. 

— vein coal-seam, section, xxxi, 195. 

— versus steel in mines, xxxvii. 221 et scq. 
Timbering, xxxi. 53. 
Time-marking instrument, Hall, i. 251 

et seq. 
Time of meetings, vi. 1 ; xi. 225. 
Times, quoted, iv. 88. 
Timor, geology, xxxvii. abs. 67. 
Tin, Australia, xxxvii. abs. 35-36, 38. 
— , Brittany, xxxiv. abs. 45. 
— , Dakota, xxxiv. abs. 43. 
— , Malay Archipelago, xxxv. abs. 47. 

— can safety- lamp, xxxi. 127. 

— mining, Perak, xxxvi. abs. 3-6. 

— ore, annual production, xxi. 170, 180, 
190. 

— plate manufacture. South Wales, 
xxiii. 248. 

— production, Malacca, xxxvi. abs. 6. 
Tinnevelly, Madras, minerals, xxxiv. 

abs. 15. 
Tipton, safety-hook experiments, xxix. 

216. 
Titaniferous iron-ore, xxvi. 72, 73. 

, analysis, xxvi. 72. 

Title of Institute, change in, xv. 79; xix. 

99-100, 101. 
FiTTEL, — , quoted, xxxviii. 63. 
rkibouUi coal-field, Caucasus, xxxvii. 

89-100 ; plates xxii-xxvii. 
Tobique river, xxx. 54, 57. 
Todholes quarry, xxviii. 135. 
Cokaham, town and river, Formosa, 

xxxiv. 68. 
Tokens, keeping safely in tubs, vi. 63-64. 
Com, hard bituminous shale, xxxii. 322. 
''OMI.INSON, — , quoted, xiv. 47. 
S^omsk coal-field, xxiv. 150. 
\iNK, J. F. , ujipointnitiit of scrrttanj, ix. 

253. 
-, nlassification of carhoid/erovs strata, 

xiv. 71. 

, Gnihal ventilator, Framerus, xvi. 

6-7. 
. -, yeircastfe water mipjilij, xxiv. 54. 

, paradoxes in ventilation, xiii. 51, 52. 
'one coal, xxxvii. 12. 
'onquin, eastern, geology, xxxvi. abs. 36. 
'ooPES covering for steam-pipes, xxxi. 

77-78 et seq. ; xxxii. 35 et seq. 



Top block, ("levoland, xxxv. 115, 116, 
117; sections, 145. 

— hard coal-.seam, Derby and Notting- 
ham coal field, x. 118, 149 et neq., 175 ; 
xxi. 3 et seq. ; plate iii. 
limestone, xxii. 115, 118; xxxiv. 126, 
128; sections, 128, 136. 

- .seam, Cleveland, v. 186, 196-198, 
200, 201, 204-205 ; vii. 85, 87, 88, 94, 
95, 99 ; xix. 194, 195, 199. 

- vein, Bristol coal-field, xxvii. 92. 
ToPi.EY, W., quoted, xxiii. 42; xxiv. 

140, 141 ; XXV. 63, 77 : xxvii. 73, 75, 

77, 81, 82, 299, 300. 
--, Sub-VVealden exploration, xxiii. 185- 

188. 
Topograpliy of coal-field, xxx. 4-5. 
ToppiN<i, Walter, (juoted, xxix. 148. 
Torre de los Moros, xxxvi. 39. 
Torrents, xxvii. 144-145. 
Tosh, (i., quoted, xxiv. 26. 
Tossing and packing machine, xxx. 148 ; 

plate xxxvi. 
Tosson spring, xxiv. 54. 
Tourangin, soft iron process, xxxvi. abs. 

49. 
Tourtia, xxvii. 144. 
Toussieu boring, Isere, xxxiv. abs. 24. 
Tovey, drawbridge, xxii. 70. 
Tow Law, ii. 106. 

, coal-seams, xxxvii. 6. 

, ironworks, v. 169. 

, lightning near, xxxvi. 47-49, 86. 

Toward and Son, btow.ojf' pipes for 

boilers, xi. 54. 
Towarkowo, xxiv. 5. 
Towcester, xxxv. 135 ; xxxviii. 165. 
— , iron-ores, analj'ses, xxxv. 138. 
Towcet, xxxiii. 123. 
Tower bridge, xxxv. 231. 
Tower Taye coal-seam, xxxvii. 12. 
Towers, — , quoted, xv. 280. 
Town End pit, Greysouthen, xxxiv. 108. 
To wneley coal-seam, ii. 143,275 ; xxxvii. 
7, 126. 

— colliery, Burnley, endless-chain, xvii. 
app. i. , plates xxix. -xxxiii. 

— — , direct-acting engine, xv. 1-10-143, 
157-161 ; plates xxii. -xxiv. 

, economic use of blower, i. 328-329. 

— , endless-chain, xv, 94. 

— — , faults, xxxviii. 52-53, 56. 

, gas blower, ii. 14 et seq. 

, horses, xxxii. 110. 

— - , water feeders and gas, xii. 24, 75- 
76. 

ToYN, — , r^anqer o.f sjtarks from prickers 

anrl ste.mmers, xxxiii. 8-9. 
Tracev coal-seam, xix. 147 ; xxiv. 175, 

176^ 198. 
Trachytes, Sardinia, xxxiv. 145-148, 152- 

153 ; sections, 158. 
Traction, resistance of tubs, xxxii. abs. 

l."i. 
— , — on roads, xxxii. abs. S3. 



178 



GENERAL INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Trallic loceintB, t. 19*2. 

Tniining oollifries, xxviii. "204. 

Tnim locomotive, Black, llivwthorn k 

Co., xxix. 77-7S. 
Tram-roivils, viii. 41. 

in miiie8, iii. 247. 
Trains fi)r coal haula^f, iii. 247-24S. 
Tr.unway, Krekli, iii. (»,"). 

— loi'oinolivos, xxxii. 10. 
Trana-Caapi;in naphtha region, xxxvii. 

alw. r)8-t)0. 
Trans-Cancjisiii copper, xxxv. ahs. 9. 

manganese (leposit.s, xxxiii. ahs. 60. 

ore, analyses, xxxiii. al).s. GO. 

Tran-sactiona, advertising, iii. 28."). 

— , exchange of, ii. T) ; iv. 30 ; viii. 3, 

•20: xiii. 13, 91-92. 
— , di-strilmtion, ix. 65-66, 231-232. 
— , Natural History Society, ix. IS;")- 186. 
— , presentation, i. 269 ; ix. 87, 2.j4. 
— , printing, vi. 19S ; vii._l, 27, 180. 
— , publication, xi. 177-178. 
— , reprinting, vii. 180 ; xii. 45, 46 ; 

xiv. 97 ; xxi. 288. 
— , revision, xv. 47. 
— , sale, iii. 27 ; iv. 262 ; viii. 20. 
Transit, improvements in, xxxvi. 153. 

— instrument, surveying with, xx. 87 
e( xeq., 112. 

— theodolite, use of, xx. 93, 103. 
Transition from bituminous coal to 

anthracite, xxxi. 177, 193-195. 
Translation of pajjers, xvi. I. 
Transmission of power, xxxiii. abs. 83, 

103; xxxvi. 146; xxxviii. 37-39. 

— — — , compressed air, v. 114-116; 
xxxiii. abs. 47- 

, cost, xxxvi. abs. 12. 

, electric, xxxii. abs. 13 ; xxxiii. 

abs. 103 ; xxxviii. abs. 35. 
-, motive, various systems, xxxvi. 

abs. 12. 
_ , steam, v. 113-114; xxxv. 159- 

166 ; plate xxiii.; xxxvi. 13-29. 
Transvaal, I)e Kaap valley gold-fields, 

xxxviii. 171-175; plates ix.-x. 

— gold-fields, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Transylvania, Erzgebirge, xxxv. 81. 

— , gold-mining, xxxv. 81-95 ; plate ix., 

abs. 58; xxxviii. abs. 10, 11. 
— , gold-production, xxxv. 86, 87, 88. 
Trap dykes, xi. 82-85 ; xxx. 13, 14 ; 

sections, 25. 
Trasenster, Paul, quoted, xxxii. abs. 

31 ; xxxiii. abs. 83, 84, 86. 
Traugott coal-seam, sections, xxviii. 59, 

65. 
Trautmann, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 71. 
Travers, sections, v. 35. 
Traverse tables, use of, xx. .30-31. 
Treamble mines, XX vii. 133, 137 ; section, 

137. 
Treatment of gold-ores, xxxv. 90-93. 
ores, xxx. 1.35-148 ; plates xxx.- 

xxxvii. 



Tredegar, xxxi. 177- 
TrECAV, CaI'T. -, (lUoted, xxx. I.37. 
Trenoli at llury reservoir, xxxiv. 259. 
Trepan, Kind-('haudron system, xxx. 46. 
Tresoa, -, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 67. 
TrRve, -, quoted, xxxii. abs. 10. 
Tekve, Commander, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

104. 
Trbvelyan, Sir Walter C., (juoted, 

xxiv. 140, 141, 145; xxv. 48, 51,53; 

xxvi. 121, 128. 
Trial radius plan, rack and pinion, xxi. 

273-274. 
Trials, compressed-air locomotives, xxxii. 

10, 11-12. 
Triano mines, sections, xxxiii. 235. 

— mining <listrict, xxxiii. 213-217. 
Triassic beds, xxviii. 12-15, 65. 

— ores, xxv. 70. 

Trigonocarpum (?), figured, vi. 33 ; plate 

iii. 
Trigonometry, plane and spherical, xx, 

28 et .teq. 
Trimdon colliery, xv. 239. 

, Guibal ventilator, xviii. 137. 

- Grange colliery, explosion, xxxiii. aba. 

38. 

, horses, xxxii. 108. 

Trinidad, West Indies, coal and bitumen 

deposits, xxxii. abs. 55 ; xxxiii. aba. 

20. 
Triquart coal-seam, section, xxxi. 195. 
Trochitae limestone, xxviii. 13, 14, 65. 
Truchtelborn salt Ijorings, xxvii. .39. 
Tromometer observations, xxxvi. 43. 
Trooper's Hill, section, xxvii. 97. 
Trotter, Joshua, Bw<tier chain pump, 

XV. 154-155. 
Troughs, geological, xix. 197, 198-199: 

xxiii. 72. 
Trow rocks, xiii. 169, 171. 
Truhia ironworks, xxxiii. abs. 48. 
Truskawiec, sulphur, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
TscHERNYSCHEW, T. , quoted, xxxviii. 

abs. 2. 
Tubbing, x. 199, 200 ; xxvii. 150, 15.'. ; 

xxxi. 1.38. 
— , action of furnace gases on, xi. 19 e.t snj. 
— , cement for, ix. 68-71, 73-74, 142-149. 
— , close-topped, xi. 9-17 ; xii. 19-25, 4.'5, 

46-47. - 
— , effect on water feeders, v. 150 et seq. 
— , Kind-Chaudron system, xx. 192-194 

et seq. ; plate Ivi. ; xxi. 9 et .seq. 
— , Lumpsey shafts, xxxi. 111-112; 

plate xvii. 
- , Ryhope, v. 148, 149. 
— , stone, xxxvi. abs. 29. 
— , strength of, ix. 175-184. 
Tubing boreholes, x. 199 205, 247-249: 

section, facing 199. 

, spirally-welded, xxxvii. abs. (J3-64. 
Tubs, adoption, ii. 22 ; vii. 5 ; viii. 4. 

— , Bridge pit, Wigan, xvii. app. i. 120. 

— Brynddw, xvii. app. i. 142. 



VOLUMES I. TO XNXVIII. 



179 



Tubs, Cinderliill, xvii. app. i. 114. 

, Clifton Hall, xvii. app. i. 89, 90. 
— , coal-mines, iii. 249 d seq. ; vi. 2, 3. 
— , Eston mines, xvii. app. i. 112. 
— , feeding coke-ovens, viii. 120-121, 

131. 
— , friction, xvii. app. i. 87, 129-131. 
— , Gannow, xvii. app. i. 73. 
■ — , Hapten Valley, xvii. app. i. 58-59, 

67. 
— , Harraton, xvii. app. i. 34. 
^, introduced, Northumberland, x. 53. 
— , lubrication, xxv. 215-223; plates 

Ix.-lxix. ; xxvii. 8-9; plate iii.; xxxi. 

abs. 37. 
— , Marley Hill, xv. 84 ; plate xi. 
— , Meadow pit, Wigan, xvii. app. i. 136. 
— , Murton, xvii. app. i. 43. 
— , Newsham, xvii. app. i. 109. 
— , resistance to traction, xxxii. abs. 15. 
— , Rowlej', xvii. app. i. 78, 84. 
— , safety-catch for, xxxvi. abs. 45. 

— , Seaham, xvii. app. i. 14. 

— , Seaton Delaval, xvii. app. i. 25. 

— , Shireoaks, xvii. app. i. 97. 

Tubular boilers, xx. 49 et xeq., plates 

xxvii., xxviii. 

, explosions, xxix. 36, 38, 96 et seq. 

Tudhoe colliery explosion, xxxiii. abs. 

38. 

— crown iron, .strength, experiments, 
xxxii. 180. 

— iron, strength tests, xxxiii. 63-64. 
Tudor group, xxxi. 161 ; section, 173. 
Tuedian grits, xxiii. 44. 

— series, xxv. 232-233 ; sections, 238 ; 
xxvi. 49, 52; xxx. 121, 123, 124, 126; 
sections, 127 ; xxxvii. 3. 

Tueffer coal-field, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Tuft or water sill, xxiv. 134, 1.36. 
TuLK, Jno. a., quoted, xxxiv. 93. 
Tumbler beds, xxiv. 134, 135, 136, 137. 
Tumblers rocks, xxxiii. 69, 74, 77 ; sec- 
tion, 79. 
Tungstate of soda, annual production, 

xxi. 187, 197. 
Tunis, mineral phosphates, xxxv. abs. 

43. 
Tunnel, Orbo underground canal, xxxvi. 

119. 
Tunnelling, xxiv. 50, 55, 89, 92, 93; 

xxxv. 227-230. 
Tunnels and underground temperature, 

xxxiii. alls. 108. 
TuNNER, VON p., quoted, xxxiii. abs. H'y, 

76, 95. 
Tupman's tables, quoted, x. 123. 
Turkey, coal districts, iii. 61-73. 
— , report on coal specimens, iii. 69. 
TrKNBULL danger indicator for boilers, 

v. 8 ; xi. 30, 49. 
Turner, John, (|uoted, xi. 32, 33. 
Turner, W. 1>., (Jrey and Brydon 

safety-cage, xx. 80, 81 ; plate xxxiii. 
Turner-out, Moira, xxxii. 184. 



Turns for loading, xxiii. 236. 

'I'urpentine smoke, air-velocity determin- 
ations, X. 212. 

Turquoise-mines, Persia, xxxiv. aba. 19. 

Tursdale colliery, Ijiram ventilator, xix. 
227. 

, boiler explosion, xi. 92, 162-163; 

plan facing 163. 

, lime cartridges, xxxiii. 17. 

, pumping, xvii. 23-24. 

, Ramsay wedge, xxxviii. 37. 

, utilization of gases from coke- 
ovens, xxii. 155-156. 

— — , ventilating fan, xi. 89 ; xii. 27, 
28. 

, , open-running, xiv. 75-76. 

Tuscany, cinnabar, xxxiv. abs. 52. 
^, quicksilver, xxxviii. abs. 14-15. 
Twatutia, Formosa, xxxiv. 68. 
TwEDDEL, G. M., quoted, xxxiv. 84, 93. 
TwEDDELL, R. H., hydraulic rivetting- 

machine, xviii. 12 et ser/. ,• plates ii.-iiL 
— , mechanical -it oHng, xviii. 44, 48, 114. 

115. 
— , rirettinfi, xviii. 4, 5. 
TwEEN, — , quoted, xxxviii. 85. 
Two feet band coal-seam, section, xxxii, 

327. 
coal-seam, xxxiii. 121, 139. 

— quarter coal-seam, xxxvii. 6. 

— yard coal-seam, xxxiii. 151, 152, 154, 
156, 158 ; xxxiii. 162. 

Tylden-Wright, Charles, channel tun- 
nel, xxxii. 3-23 ; plates i.-vi. 

Tyldesley, coal-seams, xv. 14. 

Tyndall, Prof. John, quoted, xv. 5 et 
■seq.; xxiv. 168. 

Tyndall respirator, xxvii. 57. 

Tyne-bottom limestone, xi. 129 ; xiii. 
186 ; xxv. 47, 54 ; xxvii. 73, 85, 86 ; 
xxxiv. 130 ; section, 136. 

Tyne coal district, ii. 155. 

Tyne Commissioners, quoted, x. 56-57. 

Tyne district, coal formation, ii. 142. 

— improvements, x. 49-50, 56-58 ; 
xxxv. 229, 232-233. 

Tyke Iron Company, xiii. Ill, 120, 121, 

124. 
Tyne low main seam, peculiarities, viii. 

23-31. 

— Main colliery, diagrams of ventila- 
tion, i. plates vi., ix. 

, gas blower, xvii. 56. 

, heat given off from workings, 

iv. 250. 
, proposed pumping-engine, v. 

139. 

, tubbing, xii. 27- 

, ventilation, iii. 95, 06. 

— , — experiments, i. 94-96, 106, 

123-126, 136, 138 143. 
Ti/iie Afcrcitn/, extracts, xv. 21S-2I9. 
Tyne river, "ii. 120-122. 124; xii. l.")0 ; 

xxxvii. 151, 152. 

— to Tweed, section, xi. 1 1-1, 



ISO 



GENERAL INDEX TO TltANSACTIONS. 



Tynetlale, HynopsU of slrAta, \KX\ii. \'-i. 

Tynomouth, xxviii. '210, '2'2'2. 

■— dyke, XXV. 55. 

Tyiioniouth to UlUwatcr, map, xxiv. ; 

pltitv xiii. 
Tviu-sulc cullierv. New Zi-aliiiul, xxxv. 

■|<M. 
Tyres for utulergrounJ locomotives, 

XX xiii. 5, 9-lU. 



Tyrol, mining, xxxiv. abs. 63. 

— , orc-tle|)osit.s, xxxi. abs. 37. 

Tytiip mines, xxxi. '22*2; seutions and 
plan, '237. 

TvzACK, , tiuoted, iii. ajjp. U. 

Tyzack, 1)., coal-Miiiiin;^ in North For- 
mosa, xxxiv. 07-77, 78, 79, lUO. 

— , pyrites dc'iwsits, Kio Tinto, xxxvii. 
45-4U ; plattis v.-vii. 



Udale Iwind coal-seam, xxxiii. V2H, 135, 
143. 

— coal seam, section, xxxii. 3'27 ; xxxiv. 
1.3-2, 133, 134, 135 ; sections, 136. 

UHeswater, Newcastle water-supply, 

xxiv. 49-60 ; plate xiii. 
Ulexite, analysis, xxx. 60. 
Ulgham main seam, xxxvii. 7. 

— top seam, xxxvii. 7. 

Ullock, xxxi. '218; xxxiv. 1'25, l'27, 128, 

1'29 ; section, 136. 
Ulster, basaltic rocks, etc., xxxii. abs. 1. 
Umaria coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 31 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 16. 

— colliery, xxxviii. 107, 156, 158, 169. 
Umgeni river. Natal, xvii. 79-80. 
Umzimkiilu river, Natal, xvii. 78. 
Unconformities, xxxiii. 131, 143; xxxvi. 

40-41 ; plan and sections, 40. 

— iu coal-measures, xxxii. 343-.344. 
Under-horsing in collieries, xxxii. 103 if 

xeq. 
Under-viewers, admission to meetings, 

viii. -20; xi. 211-21'2. 

, resolution, viii. 20. 

Undercutting coal, xxiii. 110, 111; 

plate xxviii. 
Underground boilers, ventilation, xii. 78- 

84 ; diagrams facing 79, 81 ; xiii. 3-5. 

— canal, Orbo, xxxvi. 119 ; section, 
119. 

, — conveyance, Cleveland, xvi. 92-94, 95- 

100. 
of coal, etc., iii. 239-318 ; vi. 2-7 ; 

erratum, vi. 14 ; x. 25-35. 37-39, 145, 

157-159; xii. 191-193; xxi. 49-50, 53- 

56, 88-91 ; plates xii. -xiii. 
, Marley Hill, xv. 82-88; 

plates x.-xi. 
, Pelton, xvi. 101-104, 117- 

124; plates xxx. -xxxiv. 

— engines, steam supply, xxxv. abs. 48. 

— — , Watson, ix. '247 -'248. 

-- experiments, xxxiii. 182-183. 
--fire, Warora, xxxviii. 97-104 
- hand stone-borers, xxxi. abs. 26. 

— haulage, x. 25 ; xix. 49.50 ; xxiii. 
224-2'25 ; xxxv. 2.35, '2.39. 

.by compressed-air machinery, xxi. 

73-82, 199 et seq. 
, Mariemont, xxvii. 182. 

— — , report, xvii. app. i. 4-177. 



Underground haulage committee, appoint- 
ment, xxvii. 99. 

— - isotherms, xxxiii. '23-'29 ; diagrams, 

'24, '26, 27. 

— levelling, instrument, xxvii. 3-8, 1'28- 
1'29 ; plates i.-ii. 

-, Linsley staff, xxxv. 69. 

— locomotive traction, prize ofTered, ix. 
89. 

pumping-engine, Westphalia, xxvii. 
199. 

— stables, xxxii. 94-97. 

— surveying, xx. 19-47 ; tables i.-v.; 73- 
79, 108, 109; plates xxxi.-xxxii. 

, improvements, xx. 84-112; plate 

xxxiv. 

— temperatures, xviii. 28-29 ; xxii. 53- 
54, 55 ; XXV. 158, 170, 171 ; xxxi. 59- 
73, 142, -204-205, abs. 44 ; xxxiii. abs. 
11, 19, 108; xxxiv. 77, 158, abs. .35, 
42 ; xxxv. '2-26 ; xxxvii. abs. 61. 

, observations, St. Gothard tunnel, 

xxxiii. 19-34. 

— ventilating fan, Westphalia, xxxvii. 
abs. 44. 

— water, xxxiii. abs. 86-87. 
Underset limestone, xxv. 49. 
Undulations of strata, xi. 202. 
Une(jual distribution of iron in ore, xxxv. 

147-148. 
Uniform colouring of maps, ix. 255. 
United Kingdom, ten years' mineral 

statistics, xxi. 161-198. 
United States of America, coal and iron 

production, iv. 125-139. 
, coal-measures and oil produce, 

xxvi. 11, 28-31. 
, geological map, xxv. plate 

xliii. ; map of coal-tields, plate xliv. 
, gold and silver, xxxiii. abs. 

61, 62, 63, 64. 

, mining bureau, xxxi. abs. 16. 

-, petroleum production, xxxv. 

224. 
Unit.s, electrical, xxxiv. 5. 
University. Durham, ii. 49, 92-93, 95, 

96 ; viii. 21 ; ix. 86, '229, 230 ; xi. 219 

tt seq. 

— aid, vii. 30, 169-170, 174. 

— grant, xi. 221. 

— training, xxi. 30-31, .36, 37, 39, 41, 42. 
Unscreened coal, iv. 283-285. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVTIT. 



181 



Untmank, Ra., ([uotofl, xxxviii. I'.K). 
Untliank colliery, ix. 204. 
Unworked mining areaa, xxiv! 208-209. 
UpciiHl and downcast siiafts, x. 14. 

— shaft, V. 50. 

— shafts, contraction of, iv. 15 H .scq. 
, destructive action of furnace gases, 

xi. 19-26 ; xii. 25-27- 

, heat, viii. 179. 

■, moisture, viii. 180. 

— — , position and loss of temperature, 
iv. 147-189. 

, structure, iv. 15. 

~ , temperature, iv. 218-221, 225-227. 

, ventilating pressure, xxxiii. 95, 

105, 

— — and their heated air-currents, 
xiii. 53-56 ; diagram, facing 53. 

Uplcatham, xiii. 128, 130; xxxv. 114, 

115, 116, 125; section, 145. 
— , Cooke ventilator, xxvi. 153 ct fieq.; 

164 et aeq. 

— ironstone, sec 'ion, v. 1S6. 

— mines, v. 186, 191. 

, pumping-machinerjr, xvi. 99c/ser/. , 

plates XV., xvi., xviii., xx. 
, underground conveyance, xvi. 95 

e.t seq. 
, , clip pulleys, xvi. 98-99. 

— — , ventilating experiments, xxvii. 
106, 108, 112. 

Upper and lower beds of coal, North- 
umberland and Durham, xi. 101-138. 

— Bavaria, coal, analyses, xxxv. abs. 
15. 

— carboniferous strata, xxvi. 49, 50, 52 ; 
xxxi. 159. 

, North of England, xxxvii. 3-4, 

6-7, 15-16. 

— chalk, xxxii. 5. 

— coal-measures, x. 106, 107 ; xxvii. 89, 
92 ; sections, 97 ; xxxii. 321-322. 

— coal-seam, sections, xi. 76, 78, 105, 108. 
, Kurhurballee, xxx. 11, 12, 13, 

14 ; sections, 25. 
, — , analyses, xxx. 15. 

— coal series, xi. 133-134. 

— copper-bearing series, xxiv. 239-240. 

— Estuarine series, xxxv. 137. 

— Greensand, xxxii. 4,. 

— gypseous shales, xxxii. 355. 

— Hall seam, xxii. 123, 125 ; xxxvii. 12. 

— Lias, xxxv. 108. 

, iron-ores, xxxv. 113-124. 

, shale, analysis, xxxv. 156. 



Upper Middle Saarbriicken group, xxviii. 
23 ; sections, 65. 

Moelfre, xxxvi. 105, 106, 1 10 ; hcc- 
tion, 118 

— Musulielkalk, analyses, xxviii. 14, 65. 

— new red sandstone, xi. 184. 

— old red conglomerate, xxvi. 51. 
— sandstone, xi. 126; xxx. 121. 

— Pennant series, xxiii. 207-208. 

— Rothliegcnde, xxviii. Hi, 65. 

— Saarl)nicken group, xxviii. 23-25 ; 
sections, 65. 

— Salmien rocks, xxxvi. 105. 

- seams, working away of, iv. 145-146. 

— Silesian coal-measures, nietallic veins 
xxxiii. abs. 96. 

coal-production, xxvii. 28, 32. 

Upright basaltic dyke, ix. 191-195, 209, 

210, 212. 
Upsal pit, Eston mines, safety-cage, xv. 

119. 

, , , Calow, xix. app. i. 9. 

Urals, coal-fields, xxiv. 9-11 ; map, 22 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 93-94. 
— , Kussinsk mine, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Uranium, annual production, xxi., 187, 

197. 
Ure, Dr., quoted, iii. 168, 179 etseq., 330 ; 

ix. 4 ; X. 49, 60, 65 ; xxxviii. 10. 
Urpeth collieries, xiii. 75. 
Urquhart, — , Sunlight electric safety- 
lamp, xxxvii. 113-114, 115. 
Urswick, xxxi. 234, 235. 
Uruguay, mining, xxxiii. abs. 8. 
Useful effect of power transmission by 

steam, xxxvi. 26-27. 
Usefulness of geology, xxi. 242-245. 

Institute, xv. 284. 

Uses of anthracite, xxxi. 185-189. 

coal, vi. 93-95. 

Usworth colliery, coal, v. 15 ef xeq. 
— , Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 

— — , Jones and Bidder coal-breaking 
machine, xix. 13, 14, 97, 98 ; plates 
xxiii-xxiv. 

, workings, iv. 143 et seq.; plan, 140. 

, ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 et seq. 

, Villepigue perforator, xx. 69. 

Utah, iron, xxxv. abs. -19. 

— , Silver sandstone district, xxxi. abs. 40. 

Utilization of blast-furnace gases, xx. 

163-167; plates xiii. -xliv. 

tire-damp, xxxvi. abs. 47. 

gases from coke-ovens, xxii. 15-18, 

90-94. 



V. 



Vaccarone, Louis, quoted, xxxii. abs. 

13. 
Vach, Garth and Wyndham pits, Owen 

safety-cage, xix. app. i. 3-4. 
Vacuum, effect on coal-gases, xxv. 41. 
■ — .gauge, diagram, iv. 38. 



Val Gandino coal-tield, xxxiii. abs. 2S. 
Vale colliery, Pictou, analysis of water, 

xxix. 55. 
— of Clwyd, xxv. 85, 86, 94. 
Valea Verde mine, xxxv. 85, 89. 
Valenciennes, coal consumed, vi. 88. 



18-2 



GF.XKltAI. INDl.X TO TU.WSArTIONS. 



\'alfiici(ainu8 «-uiiltielil, Huclioii, wvii. 

\iVA. 
\'iil<'ii(iiui sc-rii's, xxv. "i.'W-'J.T^. 
N'iiluittioM of iiimi-M, \xiii. 117 l-<-t, I<i7- 

141. U.VI.VJ, ir)4 »r)8. 
V'liluf, cjiniiel, xix. H'A. 

, ciMkl-lanilii, xiii. -i). 
— , (ieriiiiin cwiU, etunpanitive, xxxvii. 

ulm. 4(i-47. 
— , iron, xxxvi. 147-14,S. 

— , ores extracted, xviii. IS'J. 

, viiriouH coals, coiiipjiriitivo, xxxviii. 
KiO, Mil. 

, WiR'/.ueliui goltl-veiiiH, xxxiv. al).s. 48. 
Valve gear, iminpiiig-cngiiies, xxiii. .S-5, 
8-9 >l sill. 

— tower, Hury reservoir, xxxiv. '200-201. 
Valves for pumps, Holiiian, xvii. 90-91. 
Vaiiipvre dyke, xxviii. '2\ ; section, 62. 
Vancouver, diiiniond-borer, xxx. 94. 

— coals, analyses, xxvii. 240. 
V.\Nfoi'VER Coal Mining anu Land 

("o.MrANY, xxx. 94. 
Van Hokkhkke, K.m., iv. 288, 294. 
Van Sciiki.i.k, C. J., quoted, xxxii. abs, 

2 ; xxxiii. abs. 18. 
Vank, Eahl, patron, proposed, xv. 294. 

, quoted, xvii. 28, !(."). 
Vaparl pulverizer, xxxii. abs. iiO. 
Vaporization experiments, v. 80 ef xtq. 
Vapour, aqueous, elastic force, lii. 180. 

, power of, vi. 4 it scji. 
N'ariable expansion, Uuinotte system, 

xxvii. 181, 183. 
-, self-acting, winding-engine with, 

xxvi. 109-117 ; plates xiii. -xvii. 
Variations, barometer readings, xxxiv. 

142. 
— , compass needle, vi. 17-18. 
— , faulting of coal, xxxviii. 49-58 ; 

plates ii. -iii. 

, thickness of coal-seams, xxv. 13-21; 

xxx. 7, 10, 11, 12, 25. 

, volume of tire-damp, xxxvii. abs. 77. 
Varieties of French coal, vi. 74-75. 

gypsum, xxx. 57-59. 

hematite, xxxi. 225-229. 

Vauxhall water- works, cost of raising 

water, xvi. 136. 
Vavasours colliery, valuation, xv. 181. 
Vegetable matter forming coal, viii. 102 ; 

xi. 170, 172-174. 

— origin of coal, xxxvii. abs. 89-93. 
Vein tilling, recent, xxxiii. abs. 53. 
Vein-like hematite-deposits, xxviii. 128- 

129 ; sections, 155 ; xxxi. 219-221 ; 

figures, 237. 
Vein-stuff; xxvii. 18, 19, 131, 132; 

xxviii. 120, 121, 122. 
Veine ii la pierre coal-seam, xxvii. 177. 
Veins, xiv. 18-21. 
— , origin of, xxxiii. abs. 10, 54. 

— of lead in limestone, xviii. 165-166, 
167, 173-175. 

Velain, Ch., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 8. 



Velocity of air, iv. 12 *•/ mq. 

— of air-eurrents in mines, mciiiod.s 
of ascertaining, x. 207 239, 241 242, 
249-2,j|. 

— - - pipes, formula), iii. 207-21 1. 
short tubes, etc., iii. 82 '/ 

Heq., 349. 

gas in pipes, iii. 212-210. 

pressure variation in ga-ses, xxxvi. 

abs. 2()-27. 
--- -- jjropagation of explosions, xxxi. 

abs. 8; xxxii. abs. 1213. 
Vena, hematite, xxxiii. 213, 214 ; 

analyses, 215. 
Vena contrsicta, velocity of a r, iv. 12 

t'J SCff. 

Vknuin Com.ikkv CoiMi'ANY, xxvii. 102. 
Venezuela, gold-lields, xxxiv. abs. 46-48. 
\'enitz coal pit, xxviii. 19, 21. 
Venlo, xxiv. 225-226, 227. 
Ventilating furnaces, ix. 150. 

- — , coal-consumption, iii. 100 ; vi. 
135-150; xi. 94, 97. 

— — , constiuction, ix. 131-140. 

, elasticity of action, ix. 70-71, 75- 

82, 149-100. 

- fans, machines, etc., vi 145; xix. 2- 
4, 17'/ v"/., 226-229; xxvii. 100-119; 
xxviii. 44-55 ; xxxi. 124-125, abs. 7, 28 ; 
xxxii. 366 ; xxxvii. abs. 68 ; xxxviii. 
31-32. 

— — , Alexandre, xxxvi. abs. 46. 

, Belgian collieries, xxvii. 178. 

, Biram, xix. 227 ; plate xiii. 

- — , Bowlker and Watson, xxxi. 93- 
104, 238-243; plate xii.; xxxii. 24-33, 
116-121. 

, Brunton, vi. 145. 

, Capell, xxxviii. abs. 9. 

, centrifugal, advantages, xxxvi. 

161-184; plate xxvi. 

, — , tiieory of, xxxvii. abs. 51-52. 

, Comberedonde, xxxii. abs. 54. 

, Cooke, xix. 17-20 ; plate vi. ; xxvi. 

151-157 ; plates xxiii.-xxv. 
, ElsecarcoUierv, xi. 89-98 ; diagrams 

facing 90, 91, 92 ;"'xii. 27-29. 

, — — , experiments, xi. 91-92. 

, experiments, xxxvi. abs. 2-3. 

, Fabry, vi. 145 ; xix. 226. 

, Guibal, xiv. 73-81 ; plates Ixix.- 

Ixxi. ; XVI. 6-21, .37; plates i.-iii. ; 

xviii. 59, 99, 102-104, 139-147; xix. 

228 ; plate xiii. ; xxxiii. abs. .30. 

, — , underground, xxxiv. abs. 49. 

, — , with conical inlet, xxxviii. abs. 

63. 

— — , — and Lemielle, coniparison, 
xvi. 50 et fseq., 57-85 ; plate xiv. ; xviii. 
139, 141. 

, Gunther, xxvii. 115. 

, Hartop, xi. 90. 

, Hartz, iii. Il2. 

, Hopton, vi. 153. 

, joint committee, xxxvii. 181-193. 



VOLUMES T. TO XXXVTIT. 



183 



Ventilating fans, Klej', xxxvi. abs. 28. 

— — , Laurent, vi. 21. 

, Lcmielle, vi. 129, i;!4, 234 ; xvi. 

30; xviii. 63, l.W-l.'U, IXir/srif., 139- 
147 ; xix. 2, 226-227 ; plate xlii. 

— — , — , experiments, xviii. 63-69 ; 
plates vii.-xv. 

, Lloyd, xix. 5-8 ; plates i.-iii. 

, Nixon, xix. 226 ; plate xliii. 

, Pelzer, xxxi. abs. 9. 

, Prussia, xxxi. abs. 28. 

, report of committee, xxx. 273-292; 

plates xlviii.-lxv. 

, Saxony, xxxii. abs. 21. 

, Schiele, xxviii. 106. 

, Ser centrifugal, xxxvi. abs. 1. 

, — portable, xxxvii. abs. 32. 

, Struv(^, vi. 145 ; xix. 225-226 ; 

plate xlii. 

, tables of results, vi. 145, 148, 234. 

, underground, Westphalia, xxxvii. 

abs. 44. 
, Waddle, xviii. 99-100, 101 ; plates 

xvi.-xvii. ; xix. 227. 

— instruments, xxxi. abs. 7. 

— power, XV. 287-288. 
, formulae, iv. 151 et seq. 

— — , proportions, iii. 335-338. 
of airways, xxxiii. 93, 94, 97- 

— pressures, diagrams, facing ix. 139, 
160. 

Ventilation, iv. 292-295; x. 15-17; xix. 

109 ; xxii. 54-55 ; xxiv. 186 ; xxv. 5, 8 ; 

xxvii. 97, 151 ; xxx. 23. 
— , abstraction of gas from goaves of coal- 
mines, xviii. 151-155, 157-162. 
— , ascensional, vii. 79-84 ; viii. 9-13. 
— , auxiliary, gassy pits, xxxiv. abs. 3. 
— , Belgian pits, regulations, xxxiv. 

268-271. 
— , broken workings, xxxi. 16 ; plates iii.- 

iv. 
— , certain changes in condition of air 

and their effect, iv. 203-259. 
— , clianges of density of air in mines, 

vii. 115-126, 129-167, 185-209. 
— , Channel tunnel, xxxii. 14-15. 
— , coal cargoes, xxv. 108 et seq., 178 

et seq. ; plates xlii. , 1. 
-, collieries, xxvii. 151 ; xxxi. 124-126 ; 

xxxiii. 159; xxxiv. 105, 114. 
— , — , Pennsylvania, xxxi. 91. 
-, compression, Guibal fan, underground, 
-xxxiv. abs. 49. 

-, Daglish water-guage, xvii. 27. 
-, distance travelled by various currents, 

i. 160- 164. 
-, distribution of air over splits, vi. 163- 

186. 
-, experiments, i. 79, 196 ; iv. 15 et seq. ; 

vi. 183 et seq. ; vii. 61 et seq., 105 et 

seq., 131-132, 144 et seq., 184 et seq.; 

xxx. 274-276, 286-292 ; xxxiii. abs. 56, 

67. 
-, — , general results, i. 134-136. 



Vfiitilatioii, experiments committcf, xii. 

17-18. 
— , on consumption of coal, i. 153. 
— , — wiLli furnace and steam jet, L 

109-129. 
-, Flaggy Creek pit heading, xxx viii. 

15. 
— , furnace, i. 148. 
— , — and fan, xxxviii. abs. 22. 
— , — — mechanical, comparative cost, 

xviii. 102. 
— , gas-drifts for draining goaves, vii. 

79-84; viii. 9-1.3. 
^, Gouley pit, xxxiv. 288. 
— Hetton colliery, iii. 137. 
— , -- — , experiments, ix. 132 et seq., 

plan, facing 95. 

", Hibernia colliery, xii. 51-62, 76-77. 
— , longwall, xviii. 162; xxi. 4 et seq., 

104, 107 ; xxxi. 17-18 ; plates vi.-ix. 

, Lundhill colliery, v. 234 et seq.; vi. 

204-213 ; vii. 190 ; xviii. 162. 
-, mechanical, xviii. 133. 
— , — , economical advantages, xix. 223- 

237; plates xlii. -xliii. 
-, — , effect of blown-out shots, xxv. 

239-248; plates Ixxi.-lxxiv. ; xxvi. 

101-107. 
- , mines, i. 21-23 ; iv. 4-5, 7 et 

seq., 148 et seq.; vi. 151 et seq., 204- 

235 ; vii. 61 et seq. ; viii. 167 et seq. ; 

xviii. 22, 23 ; xix. 43-44 ; xxiii. 222- 

224 ; xxxviii. abs. 22-23. 
--, — , condition in 1867, xvi. 58-59. 

, — , Uerbyshu'e and Nottingham- 
shire, X. 122, 125, 126, 129, 139-141, 

156-157. 
— , — , England, Pernolet and Aguillon's 

report reviewed, xxxi. 5. 
— , — , French commission, xxxi. abs. 

14. 
— , — , Lemielle patent, vi. 21, 127, 

129-134; figured, 128, 142. 
— , — , patents for, xvii. app. ii. 34-39 ; 

plate V. ; xviii. app. 14-17 ; xix. app. 

iii. 47-49 ; xx. app. ii. 14-16 ; xxi. app. 

ii. 14 ; xxii. app. ii. 18-20 ; xxiii. app. 

ii. 16 ; xxiv. app. ii. 18-20 ; xxv. app. 

ii. 18-19. 
— , — , Prussia, xii. 47-48 ; xxxii. abs. 

22-23. 
— , — , , regulations, xxxv. 167-170. 
— , Moira collier}', x. 164 ; xxxii. 186, 

187. 
— , Mont Cenis tiinnel, xxxii. abs. 39. 
- , paradoxes in, xii. 85, 93-143 ; xiii. 

5-11, 14, 48, 52, 104-105. 
— , register and detector, Buxton, x. 

133-135. 
— , report, xv. 244. 
— , St. Louis tunnel, xxxii. abs. 63. 
— , Seaham colliery, xxxii. 225-226 

plate xxx. 
— , separate, cost, xxxi. abs. 31. 
— , South Staffordshire, x. 196. 



184 



(JKNKItAL INDEX TO TKANS ACTIO iVS. 



V'entihilion, Soutli W'aluM, xxiii. '2^22. 
, stfuiii jet ii.s II iiiolivi! iKiwcf, i. X'l-G'i, 

Tm ii".». 71 isa, i!»ri-207, •-'•-'.■> '' >"/., 

•2:VA,l s,<i. 

, StrulVortl Miiiii, Uuriishy, xvii. 44, 

48. GO. lll-ll'J. 
— , synopsis of, i. 1.">S. 
-, theory of, iii. 7.{-2->.', '2M\, :«l-.3iO, 

.S47-.S69. 

, underground boilers, xii. 78-S4 ; xiii. 

3-r). 
— . vi'Iocities of iiir-iurrt-nts in mines, x. 

'207 '2:^, •J4'2, IV)!. 

-, W'arora tolliery, xxxviii. IK) ll.'J. 
— , Warwicksliire coiil-licld, xxxiii. I.'.i). 
— , wiiter iM)WiT, ii. 71, 73. 

, Westpliiiliaii mines, xxxvi. ahs. 17- 

•20. 

— and gases of coal-mines, i. '239-249, 
261, '26'2. 

lighting of mines, xii. 1S4-190. 

working of collieries, vii. 9-'26, 31- 
60 
tables, I'earce, xxxiii. 93-100. 

— tell-tale, telephonic, xxvii. 1*21- 1'24; 
xxviii. 67-6'S. 

— of dip contrasted with rise workings, 
ii. 31-34. 

Vere^patak, xxxv. 81, 82, 83, 8;"), 86, 87, 

90. 
Vkrity, Dr. -, ijuoted, v. '206 ; vii. 99. 
Vkrnei'II., E. De, quoted, xxxvii. '29, 49. 
Versteinerung. petrifaction of coal, 

xxviii. 26, 28. 
Vertebraria australis, figured, vi. 33 ; 

plate iii. 
Vertical boilers, explosions, xxix. 36, 38, 

41. 

— flues in coke-ovens, ix. 37-38, 4.^. 

— retorts, mineral-oil, xx. 177 ef seq. ; 
plates xlix.-li. 

— workings, Mons district, xxvii. 179- 
180 ; plate xxiii. 

Vertonoen, Chas., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 

o5. 
Veuzac, section, xxv. 77, 78. 
Viaduct, Berwick, viii. 75. 
Vialas mines, xxxiii. abs. '22. 
Vibrations, strata inlmines, xxxii.abs. 60. 
— , theory, xxiv. 63-65. 
VicAiKE, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 56. 
Vicars firebars, xxvii. '207-'208, 211 ; 

xxxviii. 223. 
Vice-presidents, election, iv. 262 ; ix. 

54; xii. 3, 17, 4'2-43 ; xyiii. 85-86; 

xxxviii. 44. 

— — , ex-otficio members of council, 
xxxviii! 183-185. 

, increa.sed number of, ix. '254-255 ; 

xi. -209, '2'23-'225. 

, re-election, vii. 180. 

, resolution as to, xiv. 1, 7-8. 

VicKER-s AND Smith firebars, xviii. .53. 
ViCKERs fire-bars, xxvii. '207-'208, 211 ; 

xx.xviii. 223. 



ViCKERs mechanical stoker, xviii. 96, 

108 </ .sr7. 

— smoke-consumer, xvii. 74. 

VlCOKINK NoEl'X COLLIKKV CdiMI'ANY, 

xxvii. 160-161. 
Victoria, mineral statistics, xxxv. abs. 
16. 

— and All>ert yacht, xxxi. 187. 

— bridge, St. Lawrence river, viii. 7S. 

— coil! niincH, Nova Scotia, xxiv. 185-I8(>, 
194, 19.^), '200. 

- coal-seam, xxxvii. 4, 6, 1*25, 1*27, I2S. 

, section, xxvii. 218 ; analyses, 

219. 
c<dliery, xix. 117, US, 121, 151, ir)2. 

— docks and ironworks, v. 19S, 214. 
ViDAL, -, quoted, xxvi. 103. 
ViDAL, Ramon, quoted, xxxvi. .34. 
ViEli.i.E, — , quoted, xxxii. aba. 12. 
Vienne, Dauphin6, minerals, xxxv. abs. 

29. 
Vierzon saw - mill, boiler explosion, 

xxxiii. abs. 70. 
Vll.LAHA.SA, Jl'AN, (juoted, xxxvi. 34. 
Villeder, Morbihan, xxxiv. abs. 45. 
Villefranclie, section, xxv. 77, 78. 
Vii.i.Ei'KMiE perforator, xx. 47, 65 tl w.q.; 

plate xxx. 
ViLLOT, — , quoted, xxxiii. abs. 49, 85. 
Viranslier, Asia Minor, iii. 70. 
Virgin band coal-seam, xxxiv. 1.3'2. 

— coal-seam, section, xxxii. 331, 348 ; 
xxxiii. 1*28, 135. 

— Mary hospital, funds, v. 25-26, 63. 
Virginia, coal-field, xi. 173. 

, iron-ores, xxxiii. abs. '25, 61 ; xxxiv. 

abs. 21. 
— , pyrites, xxxiv. abs. 25. 
— , zinc, xxxiii. abs. 23. 
ViRLKT d'Aoust, Th., quoted, xxxiii. 

abs. .30 ; xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Virtual numbers of teeth and radii of 

wheels, xxi. 281. 
Vis inertia;, xxi. 65, 119. 

— viva, xxi. 66, 96, 100, 116. 

Visit of engineers to Newcastle, 1887, 

xxxvi. I'25-1'27, 201. 
Visitors, admission to meetings, xi. '225. 
Vivian, — , qiioted, i. 42, 52-53. 
Vivian, Jno., Cumberland coal-feld, 

xxxiii. 136. 
— , diamond rock-boring, xxx. 103-105; 

xxxi. 43-46. 
— , quoted, xxx. 101. 
Vivian, Sir Hcssey, quoted, xvi. 45. 
Volcanic activity, xx. 134, 136, 137, 142- 

144. 

— rocks, xxiii. 75, 99, 100, 104.- 
Volkoi mines, xxxv. 82, 83, 88. 
VoLLERT, — , quoted, xxxii. abs. 65. 
Volterra salt-deposits, xxxvii. abs. 14. 
Voltmeter, xxxiv. 56-57. 

Voltzia sandstone, xxviii. 13, 65. 
Volume of fire-damp, variations, xxxvii. 
abs. 77. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIl. 



185 



Volume of occluded gases, xxii. '25-28, 

l'2!)-i:{l. 
Von Arnim's colliery, Planitz, xxxiv. 

abs. 49. 
Von del" Heydt anticlinal, xxviii. 22, 2:^. 
— — — colliery, xxviii. 46 ; sections, 

59, 65. 

, haulage, xxxii. abs. 65. 

Von Hausmann, J. L., quoted, iv. 66, 

76, 91. 
Von Krug shaft, Upper Silesia, xxvii. 

190. 



Von Meyki:, Dk. Khnht, <iuot<;d, xxii. 

25, 27, 2S, i:W, I.S5, l.'Ui. 
Vorwiurts, Wynaiulsraden, Mcdiand, Iwr- 

ing, xxvi. !!), 24, 25 ; section, 2.S. 
Vosges sandstone, xxviii. 1.'}, 65. 
Voulte iron-mine, fire-damp explosion, 

xxxviii. 62-63, 70. 
Voyages mrtallurgiques, do .Jars, viii. 111. 
Vuii.LEMiN, E., reception of North of 

England institute, xxvii. 245-24S. 
— , statistics, French northern coal-field, 

xxvii. 163-169. 



W. 



W.B. lead-mines, xxix. 106-108. 
Wabner, R. , quoted, xxxviii. abs. 12. 
Waddell, Dr. — , quoted, xxxviii. 88. 
Waddincton, — , quoted, xiv. 113-115. 
Waddington, J., quoted, v. 179. 
Waddle, John R., ventilating fan, xix. 

227; plate xlii. ; xxvi. 156, 161; xxx. 

plate 1. ; xxxviii. 31. 
— , — ■ — , Celynen, xxxvii. 183. 
— , , Peltou, xviii. 99-101; plates 

xvi,-xvii. 

— , , table, xxiii. 223-224. 

— , , useful eflfect, xxvii. 110. 

— , , Warora, xxxviii. 110-113. 

Waeyenberch, a. van, quoted, xiii. 64. 
Wages, iii. app. 12 ; iv. 74, 90, 295, 299, 

300; vi. 81-82; xv. 205, 208-209, 210, 

216, 217, 232, 240, 241-242, 259, 261 ; 

xviii. 176-177, 181; xix. 131, 132, 162; 

xxiv. 6, 9, 11, 12; xxvii. 19; xxx. 22; 

xxxi. 165, 166, 181, 183; xxxiii. 160- 

161, 218 ; xxxiv. 71, 75. 
— , miners', xiii. 61, 104, 157-158 ; xxxiv. 

102. 
— , — , Belgium, xiv. 40 ; xxvii. 178 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 29, 30. 
— , — , Bohemia, xxvii. 193. 
— , — , Caucasus, xxxvii. 94. 
— , — , foreign, xxxi. abs. 3, 4, 6, 16. 
— , — , France, vi. 81 ; xxxiv. abs. 27. 
— ,--, Germany, xxvii. 186, 187, 190, 

195, 198, 199! 
— , -, Huelva, xxxvii. 28, 36. 
— , — , Northern France, xxvii. 173, 175. 
— , — , Prussia, xxxviii. abs. 65. 
— , — , Russia, xxiv. 6, 12. 
— , --, Sardinia, xix. 93 ; xxxiv. 157. 
— , — , Wallachia, xxxv. 89. 
— , — , Warora, xxxviii. 114 et .seq., 148 

et seq. 
Waggon boiler, xxix. 36, 38, 93 ef aeq.; 

plate vi. 
Waggons, method of overturning, xxxvii. 

abs. 72. 
— , stops for, on inclines, xxxvii. abs. 

71. 
— , Warora colliery, xxxviii. 110. 
Waggonways, xv. 186, 187-188, 194, 195, 

197. 



Waggonways, cost, Bridge pit, Wigan, 

xvii. app. i. 131-1.32, 171. 
— , — , Clifton hall, xvii. app. i. 91-92. 
— , — , Gannow, xvii. app. i. 75, 76. 

— , — , Hapton valley, xvii. app. i. 64,69. 
, — , Harraton, xvii. app. i. .38-39. 

— , — , Meadow pit, Wigan, xvii. app. i. 
137. 

— , — , Murton, xvii. app. i. 51. 

— , — , Rowley, xvii. app. i. 81, 85. 
— , — , Seaham, xvii. app.i. 21. 
— , — , Seaton Delaval, xvii. app. i. 29-30. 
— , — , Shireoaks, xvii. app. i. 103-104. 
Waoner, C. J., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
Waoner, J., quoted xxxiv. abs. 35. 
Wagner pocket level, xxxii. abs. 74. 
Wahlberg, M., quoted, xxxii. abs. 63. 
Waikato coal, analysis, xxxv. 181. 

— coal-district, xxxv. 181. 

— coal-mine, xxxv. 181. 

Wain Ljaid colliery, ventilation, xxxi. 
19-20. 

Wairaki coal, xxxv. 208-209 ; analysis, 
209. 

Wairio collier}^ xxxv. 209. 

Walbottle, wooden i-ailwaj', viii. 47. 
I — colliery, xv. 213-214. 

Walcher mining wedge, xxxvi. abs. 27. 

Walckenaer, C., quoted, xxxiii. abs. .38. 

Walcott, C. D., quoted, xxxv. abs. 42. 

Waldemar coal-seam, section, xxviii. 61. 

Waldenburg coal-held. xxxvii. abs. 3. 

Waldridge colliery, iii. 34, 233 ; xv. 212. 

Wales, coals produced, x. 66. 

Wales, — , ventilation, i. 262. 

Wales, John, Lundhill accident and ven- 
tilation of coal-mines, vi. 204-213 et set/. 

— , quoted, vii. 108 ,:f stq., 128, 196 et seq. 

— , working and ventilation of coal- 
mines, Northumbeidand and Durham, 
vii. 9-26, 29, 31 et seq.,4S et m;., 70-71. 

Walker, ^, quoted, iii. app. 2. 

Walker, F. A., quoted, xxv. 147. 

Walker, G. B., joitU committee aii 
mechanical ventilators, xxxvii. 182-183 
et seq. 

— , federation of mining iiistitutes, xxxvii. 
l"59-161, 171-172. 

Walker, Jas., quoted, viii. 63. 



186 



GENERAL IVDKX TO TU.VNSACTIOXS. 



57-58. 
xxiv. 



Walkkr, S. F. , exfttriuituls with roiil- 
,IhsI, xxxiv. :{00-30l. 

— Jiillifiiiiiij ill /ill, U'l.s/ Thnnili iiiitllirnj, 
xxxiii. si{ SS, 90; xxxvi. 4J». 

— , priiicipleu of electric ligliting, con- 
struction ivml iirrangenu-nt of electric 
light apparatus, xxxiv. :{-G3 ; plates 
i.-xi. 

— , quoted xxxvi. 9. 

— , Sirnn thctric sahly-lninp, xxxv 

Walkkr, W., ttetaching-hook, 
35-S7 ; plate xii. 

— , mechanical-drill, xxxi. lOS-109; plate 
xiii. 

— , safety-hooks, xxix. 208-210, 213, 232; 
plates xl.-xli. 

Walkkr A NoOi.ivKR, automatic regulator 
for iiKivndL'steut lamps, xxxiv. 53-54. 

Walkkr ani> Kastrick, quoted, viii. 51, 
5S, G."{, (54, 0.') ; ix. 57. 

Walker alkali works, stone preservatives, 
xi. 25. 

— colliery, xv. 211, 213, 225. 

, cage accident, xi. 161. 

, fire-damp, i. 286-287. 

— ironworks, v. 168 ; xiii. 123-124. 

, boiler explosion, iv. 44-48. 

, coke ovens, ix. 50. 

, Goodman firebars, xviii. 47. 

Wall, — , ii. 99, 100-101. 

Wallace, Henry, sjiontain-oKs com- 

Inuftion of coal , xxv. 127, 128. 
Wallace, .T., Bainhridye m/ety-lamp, 

xxiii. 22-23. 
— , combustion of coal-gas to produce 

heat, xxiii. 47-63, 113; plates xv.-xvii. 
— , safeli/-fa)H]/'< and shol-firing, xxiv. 

69-70, 168-169, 170. 
— , W^arsop rock drill, xxiii. 259-264 ; 

plates xlvii.-xlix. 
Wallace, Wm., quoted, xxvii. 134. 
Wallat, J., mechanical stokiiKj, xviii. 

114. 
— , quoted, xxiv. 124. 
Waller, William, Birmimjham en- 
gineers at Xeirca.'itk, xviii. 150. 
— , cost of jinmping, xvii. 22-27. 
— , counterbalancing vinding-engines, xxi. 

220. 
— , mechanical rivetting, xviii. 82-83. 
— , — stoking, x^'iii. 46. 
— ^ printing papers in advance, xvi. 131. 
— , pumping water, xvi. 133, 135-140 ; 

xxi. 123-154, 156 ; plates xxx.-xxxi. 
— , smoke-consumers, xvii. 68, 70-72. 
— , sf at iced and dynamical pressure in 

lifting sets, xxi. 95-97 et seq. 

— , steam boilers, xviii. 107 et seq 
126; plate xxxvi.; xix. 9; xx. 
62, 63, 117-120, 121 et seq. ; 
xxvi.-xxix., xxxv. 

— , , firing, xix. 68-69. 

Walling of shafts, xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Wallsend coal, ii. 122-124. 

— colliery, xv. 213. 



, 121- 
49-61, 
plates 



Wallsend colliery, coal creeps, xvii. 82- 
83, 106. 

— , coal seams, v. I.'U) ; xxxvii. 6. 

— — I g»"« blower, xxvi. 38. 
, — evolved, i. 282-283. 

, New South Wales, xxxvii. 145. 

, proposed drainage, v. 139. 

, pumping-engine, xix. 207. 

— — , safety-lamp experiments, i. 316- 
318. 

— ironworks, v. 213. 

Walsall, boiler explosions, xxxii. 194 ; 

plate xxvi. 
Walton I'ark colliery, New Zealand, 

xxxv. 202-203. 
Waratah colliery. New South Wales, pit 

headings, xxxviii. 13-16 ; plate i. 

, , coal nodules, xxxvii. 149. 

Wardem, — , quoted, xxxviii. 87. 
Wardha coal-field, xxxviii. 77 et seq.; 

plate iv. 
Ward's Hill, section, xxv. 46 ; xxvii. 82, 

83, 300. 
Ware, Tuoh., quoted, xxvii. 18. 
Warhur-st, John, Lundhi// colliery ex- 
plosion, V. 237-238, 242-243. 
Warin(;, Chas., coal cutting machine, 

ii. 67-69, 101; plate v.; xiv. 126. 
Warkworth and Broomhill, coal-seams, 

xxxvii. 7. 
Warndey, section, xxvii. 97. 
Warnell Fell colliery, xxxiv. 107-108. 
Warucque, — , safety-cage, xxvii. 181, 

183. 
Warora, coal-mining, xxxviii. 77-170; 

plates iv.-iv. bis. 
Warren house coal-seam, xxv. 16, 17. 
Warrington, ^ -ho., coal-cutting machines, 

xiv. 1 16 et seq. 
Warrington and Birmingham railway, 

ix. 57-58. 
Warsop, — , quoted, xxii. 47. 
— , rock drill, xxiii. 259-264 ; jilates 

xlvii.-xlix. 
Warwickshire coal-field, xxxiii. 151-162 ; 

plates viii.-xi. 

— coal-production, x. 66 ; xxxiii. 153. 

— coal-seams, xxxiii. 151-152. 

— colliery, plan, xxxiii. 162. 

Wash or drift, Durham coal-field, xiii. 

69-85, 96, 202 ; plan, 69 ; sketch, 71 ; 

sections, 73,-74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 81, 

82 ; xiv. 1-6 ; xxiii. 74. 

, Flintshire coal-field, xxv. 99. 

Washes, xix. 79, 80. 

Washing coal, viii. 124 ; xii. 214-215 ; 

xxxv. 236-237 ; xxxvii. abs. 45. 

, apparatus, xv. 61-66 ; plate ix. 

, for coke-making, xii. 38. 

— lead-ore, xxvii. 20-21. 

— ore and coal, settling ponds, xxxviii. 
abs. 12-13. 

Washington chemical works, furnaces 
with inclined grates, xix. 64, 68; 
plate xvi. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVITI. 



187 



Washin£;ton colliery, Guibal fan, xxvi. 

1 07. 
— , LemicUc ventilator, xvii. .SO ; 

xviii. ny, 00, 100. 
, shaft accident, xvi. 127. 

— ironworks, v. 214. 

— steamer, xxxi. 187. 

Wasmuth, Henry A., quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 41. 
Wassy iron-ore, analysis, xxv. 77- 
Waste gases, xiii. 140-141. 
from coke-ovens, utilization of, viii. 

119-120; ix. 87-38, 41-43, 44. 

— heat of coke-ovens, xii. 210-21 7. 

— • in manufacture of coke, xxii. 3 at scq. 

mining, Pennsylvania, xxxviii. 

abs. 5-6. 
, Warora, xxxviii. 129. 

— of coal, xxii. 42-44 ; xxv. 254 ; xxxvi. 
147. 

steam, experiments, v. 80 d seq. 

Wastes, imperfect ventilation, vii. 4. 

Water, acid, Gowrie mines. Cape Breton, 
xxvi. 55. 

— , action of heat on, xi. 41. 

— , Belgian mines, regulations, xxxiv. 
274-275. 

— , boilers, xxxviii. abs. 60-01. 

— , boring against, in coal-mines, xix. 
171-176 ; plates xxxi.-xxxii. 

— , chalybeate, action of in mines, iv. 271- 
281 ; V. 22. 

— ,coliering sliafts,xxvi. 3-11; plates i.-iii. 

— , external application to coke, ix. 9 ; 
xxii. 95-96, 107. 

— , gold-mines, xxxi. 164. 

--, laying dust in mines, xxxi. 146. 

— , NovaScotian pits, analyses, etc., xxix. 
53. 

— , pits, X. 46-47, 48-49. 
— , pumping of, xvi. 135. 
— , soil, pressure, xxxvi. abs. 16. 
— , underground, xxxiii. abs. 86. 
— , Warwickshire collieries, xxxiii. 153- 
154. 

— as a ventilating power, ii. 71-73, 82. 

— barrels, raising, x. 95, 96. 

— bearing beds, xii. ISO, 181. 

strata, sinking through, xxxiii. 

abs. 94 ; xxxiv. abs. 39, 72 ; xxxv. 
abs. 33 ; xxxviii. abs? 3, 29-30. 

— blast, Percy Main, i. 279 et seq. 
, theor}^ i. 279 ; ii. 16. 

— blean, xxviii. 110, 112, 123. 

— blow-off valve. Hall, iv. 40-42. 

— cartridges, xxxiv. 303, 304 tt seq.; 
xxxvi. abs. 25, 45. 

— columns in lifting sets, pressure, xxi. 
49-58, 115 ef seq. ; plates iv.-ix. 

— discharge, Pelton colliery, iii. 36 it seq. 
through pipes, iii. 216-217. 

— feeders, Castle Eden colliery, v. 158 ; 
xi. 12-14. 

, Hartbushes or South Wingate col- 
liery, xi. 16-17. 



Water feeders, Harton colliery, xi. 14-15. 

— , Ilibcrnia colliery, Wcstjilialia, xi. 
I,')- 16. 

- — , Killingworth colliery, v. 158. 
, Seaton, v. 126. 

, shafts, xii. 20 el seq. 

— gas, xxxiii. abs. 55. 

— gauge, i. 103-104 ; vii. 117 e< seq. 

— — , ascertaining pressure of ventila- 
ting column, xvii. 27-30, 41-42; plate iii. 

, barometer and other observations, 

Seaham colliery, xxxii. 225-317 ; plates 
XXX. -xxxi. 

,',boilers, xi. 51-52; diagram facing 51. 

, diagrams, facing ix. 139. 

— —, experiments, i. 128-133. 

— — , <4uibal fan, xiv. 77 et seq. 

— , T. Y. Hall, xi. 217-218 ; liiagram 
facing 217. 

, improvements in construction, xv. 

103-105 ; plate xiii. ; xxx. 276. 

— — , Marreco recording, xxviii. 71-73. 

— -, pressure, square roots, xxxiii. 96, U;6. 

— — , Smith cylinder, iv. 42. 
, — , magnetic, iv. 42. 

, — , vacuum, diagram, iv. 38. 

— — , Wollaston, iii. 1(18, plate i. 
— ■ level, Kahle, xxxviii. abs. 71. 

— pressure in soil, xxxvi. abs. 16. 
producing gas-blowers, xvii. 109. 

— raised in French mines, xxxi. abs. 3. 

— Street, Liverpool, waterworks engine, 
xxi. 134-135, 139 tt seq. 

— supply, xxiv. 49-60, 85-95 ; plates 
xiii.-xvi. ; xxviii. 173-181. 

— tank, self-acting, xxxvii. abs. 54. 

— transport, xxvii. 45. 

— used in connexion with air-compressors, 
xxxvii. 213-214, 215. 

— wheel, Pelton, high-pressure, xxxviii. 
abs. 20. 

, Roman, Rio Tinto, xxxvii. 49 ; 

plate vii. 

in coal-pits, iii. 243-244 ; x. 40. 

Waterhouses, boilers, xxii. 16, 19. 
— , ventilating fans, xxvi. 155 et seq. 
Watering coal-dust, xxxiv. 303-304. 
Waterloo coal-seam, x. 118. 
Waterworks, water pumped, xvi. 136. 
Wathwood coal-seam, v. 231, 233. 
Watiux, — , quoted, xvi. 27. 
Watkin, Sib Edw., Channel tunnel, 

xxxii. 17-18, 19, 23. 
Watkin, W. J. L., CcUoio safety-cage, 

XV. 111. 
Watson, — , lubricator, xxv. 220; plate Ixv. 
— , quoted, xxii. 134, 135. 
Watson, H., quoted, xi. 160, 217, 218. 
Watson, Jas., safety-cage, xvii. 30. 
W.\tson, J., (juoted, xxxviii. 190. 
Watson, Jno., quoted, xxxviii. 193, 190. 
Watson, John, presentation of colliery 

plans, etc., to institute, xvii. 53. 
— , publication of borings, xxiii. 164. 
— , , cost, xxvii. 141. 



188 



(IF.NKKAL INDKX TO Tll.\ NSACTION*;. 



\V'ats»)N, M.. Cumlterhtnti rnnl-fiihl, 

xxxiii. X'Mi. 
Watson, Nu'IUH^on, liijhiiiiini in ftit, 

T'lnri,/'/ Mo,.,; XXX. :W". 
Watson, Koht., boik-r llual, iv. 40, 140. 
Watson, Tiios. H., ijuoled, ix. "247, 

•_MS. 
Wait^on, T. 1*., (luotod, xxxiii. ahs. 41. 
U'atson, Wm., cfiiieiit wulling, ix. 68, 

7.S 74, 14-2-143, 148. 

— /l'<//''"""/ •'' /"'> Tnnfir/i/ Mont; XXX. 

--, .sit/tfy-lfiiii/t-1., xii. 74. 

Watj«)S and Howi.kkk, ventilating fan, 

xxxi. 93-104, -J.SS •J4.S ; plate xii.; 

XX xii. '24.^3, 11«5 1-21. 
Watson and Dixon, coal-cutting 

machine, xii. 49. 
Watt, J AS., smoke-consumer, xvii. 67. 

, nuoteil, xxvi. 116; xxxvi. 138, 141. 
Wattkyne, v., (juoted, xxxiv. abs. 37. 
Wave of vibration, dynamite explosions, 

xxxii. 196. 
Waverlcy gold-tield, xxxi. 152, 156, 158, 

IGO-UH, 168, 169 ; map, 173. 
Wawn, Cua.s., different systems of open- 
ing bridges, xxii. 61-72, 152, ; plates 

xv.-xix.. xxxvi. 
Wax or clay wall, x. 164. 
Wayleave, xv. 179, 183, 184, 195. 
Wayne's Merthyr steam-coal, tested at 

Keyham, xiv. 49ttsfq.; plates ix., xxi.- 

xxiii., xxvii. 
Wkale, Jno., (]uoted, iii. 235 ; iv. 262. 
— , Well-digging and Boring, quoted, x. 

199. 
Wear, river, xii. 150-151 ; xiii. 76-78, 

159, 160 ; xxxvii. 153. 
— , _, escape of gas, xi. 175 ; xxxiii. 179. 
— J — , improvements, x. 54. 
Wear and tear, buckets, Framwellgate 

colliery-, xii. 39. 

, Coppre coke-ovens, xxii. 90. 

, pumping-gear, xvi. 92-93, 126- 

127 ; xvii. 24. 
Weardale, xviii. 165-167, 172, 177 ; 

xxxiv. 128-130 ; general sections, 136. 

— ironstone, xiii. 144-145. 

— limestone, xxi. 265, 266, 268. 

— steamer, stoking experiments, xviii. 
86 et very., 105-106 ; plates xviii. -xxxiv. 

Wearmouth colliery, four-decked cage, 
xxiii. 40. 

, plant, xxx\-i. 209. 

, section, xxxvii. plate xxxviii. 

— to Bishop Auckland, coal-seams, 
xxxvii. 6. 

W^eary Hall colliery, xxxiv. 106. 
Weathering, effect on coal, xi. 175 ; 

xiv. 55-56; xxii. 25, 26, 28, 131-133; 

XXV. 42 ; xxvi. 37, 38. 

— of limestone, xxvi. 127-128. 
Weath£RLY, Thos., Buirradon colliery 

txplosion, viii. 164. 
Webnek, a., quoted, xxxvi. abs. 51. 



Wkbstek. Rout. Cm as., /.luid/iill rolHny 

i.rjtlu.^l<iii, v. 24.'), 249 '/ 111/. 
WKlkSTKit, Tiios. , new mode of ciianging 

clacks in i)uiin>ing-engine8, i. 215-216. 
Webster iron ban<l, sections, xxvi. S2. 
Wedge, Burnett roller, xxxiv. 193-198; 

plate xxxvii. ; xxxv. 97-101. 
— , mining, Walcher, xxxvi. abs. 27. 

— for breaking up coal, xxiii. lOS ; 
plate XXX. 

— shiiped deposits, viii. 190-192. 
Wedging coal, xxxiii. 15, 17, 58-59. 

— cribs or curbs, x. 155 ; xi. 9 i/ xitj. : 
xii. 20 (/ Hiq. ; XX. 197, 201. 

, Plas Tower, xxvi. 5 ; plate ii. 

, Ryiiope sinking, v. 149, 151 it scq. 

Wekki»s, Gko., quoted, xiv. 49. 
Weeks, J. I)., quoted, xxxv. abs. 37. 
W^KEKs, J. ti., alteration of hyt-laws, 

xxxviii. 183, 184. 
— , (luvyer of >tpark:'i from prickers ami 

■sfemmers, xxxiii. 10-11, 61. 
— , ijauzeJt-if xufidii-lamp, xxxvii. 73. 
— , incliiuitioii of l>oreliole-t, xxix. 191. 
— , miiiiuij coal hy compressed lime, xxxiii. 

16, 17. 
— , — iivluMt rii:ji of I'msfia, xxvii. 295, 

296. 
— , iiii/ij and Meihlejohn coaJ-ctUliny 

vuichine, xxviii. 194. 
— , ro})e haulage, xxix. 73-74. 
— , lionlledye-Johiison Hafety-lamp, xxxiv. 

189, 295. 
— , .saftty- hooks, xxix. 219, 233. 
— , shrinkage of paper, xxxv. 44. 
W^eetslet royalty, ii. 277. 
WEfJGE and Pei^eb, boring-machine, 

xxxiii. abs. 58. 
Weidtmann, J., control-apparatus for 

wuiding-engines, xxxvii. abs. 21-22. 
Weight of coal, ii. 206. 
husk in various grains, xxxii. 72. 

— — ores extracted, xviii. 182. 

— per cubic foot of broken anthracite, 
xxxviii. abs. 67. 

Weights and measures, northern coal- 
field, xix. 177-186. 

Weisbach, — , Mechanics, quoted, x. 229, 
230. 

Weis.s, Ch. E., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 17- 

W'eka Pass stone, xxxv. 175. 

Welding boiler-plates, xx. 123. 

Wellingborough, xxxv. 135-137. 

— , iron-ore, analysis, xxxv. 138. 

Wellington, New Zealand, section, xxxv. 
220. 

— colliery, Whitehaven, sections, xxxii. 
326, 363. 

— mine, xxxi. 159. 

— pit, xxxiv. 113, 133. 

Weixner, Prof. — , quoted, xxxiii. 

abs. 1. 
Wells, artesian. Saxony, xxxviii. abs. 13. 
— , Liverpool waterworks, yield, xxi. 146- 

151. 



VOLUMES I, TO XXXVIII. 



189 



Welsli coal, caloritic value, xvii. 72. 
, Keyham experiments, xiv. 52 tt 

sci/.; plates iv. el nm/. 
Wellsike coal, xxxvii. 15. 
Weltz, C, quoted, xxxiv. abs. 4(5. 
Wknderoth, - , quoted, xxxi. abs. 21 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 24. 
Wen(JEK compressed-air brake, xxxii. 

abs. 56. 
Wengler, R., quoted, xxxvi. abs. ;>7 ; 

xxxvii. abs. 2. 
Wenlock limestone, Dudley, x. 196. 
Wensleydale, section, xxv. 2o8. 
Wentworthite, analysis, xxx. 60. 
Werdermann, — , quoted, xxxiv. 39. 
Werner, Prof. R. R., quoted, xxxiii. 

abs. 77. ; xxxiv. abs. 7. 
West, Thos., quoted, xxxiv, 86, 89, 90. 
West and Mid Lothian district, xx. 135- 

137, 142-143, 149, 150. 

— Ardsley colliery, coal-cutting machine, 
xii. 63 et xeq. 

, Denton and Whittaker safety- 
cage, xix. app. i. 10. 

— Auckland colliery, xv. 237. 
, main seam, v. 20. 

— Bassett, stamping, xxx. 141. 

— - Borneo, gold reef working, xxxiii. 

abs. 18. 

— Bromwich, Heath pits, x. ; plan and 
section, facing 32, 35 ; thick coal, 
section, facing 184. 

— Chiverton mine, jigging ores, xxx. 
144-145. 

— Cramlington colliery, ii. 278 ; viii. 
100-101. 

, horses and ponies, xxxii. 106, 

108. 

— Cumberland, xxxi. 211, 212, 219, 229, 
230. 

, hematite-deposits, xxviii. 109-154, 

219-234; plates xviii. -xxxiii., xxxix. ; 
xxx. 27-30, 113-118. 

— — , hematite-mines, Cranston rock 
drill, xxix. 224. 

— Denton coUieiy, xv. 210. 

— Durham railway, xv. 238. 

— Hartlepool, borings near, xxxviii. 
25. 

and Clarence railways, trallic, xii. 

172. 

dock, XV. 244. 

West Hartlepool (iAS and Water 

COMI'ANY, XXX. 263 et seq. 
West Hartley steam coal, Keyham experi- 
ments, xiv. 49 et seq. 

— mines, Roscdale, xxxii. 44, 46-48. 

— Minor pit, Hetton colliery, ix. 93 
et ■•!(:(/. 

, — , steam haulage experi- 
ments, V. 98. 

— Moor limestone quarries, pneumatic 
rock drill, xxix. 225. 

— — pit, ( }. Stephenson experiments, 
safety-lamp, viii. 37- 



West Newfoundland, coal-mcasurcH and 
lower carboniferous, xxiii. 167-176; 
plate XXXV. 

— Pyrenees, metalliferous deposits, xxxvi. 
abs. 38. 

— Rainton colliery, xv. 213. 

, Broadbent safety-cage, x vi. 128. 

Seaton mine, frue vanner, xxx. 148. 

— Stanley, colliery explosion, xxxiii. abs. 
38. 

, telegraph wires, xxx. 44. 

— Thornley colliery, lightning in pit, 
xxxiii. 81-92; xxxvi. 47-49, 86. 

— Virginia, coal-measures, section, xxv. 
163. 

— Wanganui coal, analysis, xxxv. 186. 
coal -field, xxxv. 185-186 ; section 

186. 

— Wylam colliery, plant, xxxvi. 207. 
Westbury iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 139- 

141. 

— , analyses, xxxv. 140. 

— , general sections, xxxv. 145. 

— , geological map, xxxv. 145. 

, output, xxxv. 141. 

Wester coal-seam, ix. 205, 207, 220, 222 ; 

xxx. 125 ; xxxvii. 20. 
Westerton colliery, xv. 2.39. 
Westleigh, coal-seams, xv. 14. 
Weston arc lamp, xxxiv. 30, 33. 
-- dynamo, xxxiv. 12 ; plate iii. 
Weston Coyney colliery, pumping-appar- 

atus, XV. 38. 
Westphalia, breakage of winding-ropes, 

xxxii. abs. 80. 
'-, briquette factory, xxxii. abs. 63-64. 

, coal, concretions, with plants, xxxvii. 

abs. 62-63. 

— , coal-dust experiments, xxxiv. 232 ; 
xxxvii. 81, 82. 

— , coal-field, xxxiii. abs. 106. 
— , — —, northerly portion, xxxviii. abs. 
3. 

— , coal-mines, xxvii. 194-199. 

— , coal-production, xxvii. 27, 32, 34 ; 
xxxviii. abs. 37. 

— , coke manufacture, xxxviii. abs. 4. 
— , Hibernia colliery, tubbing, xi. 15. 

— , safety-lamp, experiments, xxxiv. 

163. 
— , underground ventilating fan, xxxvii. 

abs. 44. 
— , ventilation of mines, xxxvi. abs. 17- 
— , wedging curbs laid on .saiul, xii. 22. 
Westport coal-field. New Zealand, xxxv. 

188-191. 

— harbour, New Zealand, xxxv. 188- 
189. 

Wet air-compressor, xxxii. abs. 83. 

pits, safety-lamps, xxiii. 21 (tseq. 
Wetherall boring, xiii. 88. 
WiL\LLEY, Thos., tai/-ropis, xv. 89. 
Wliangarei coal district, xxxv. 179-181. 
Whangaroa coal-seams, xxxv. 180. 
Wharmley whin dyke, xviii. 170. 



190 



OENEUAL I.VDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



WliariiclifTe Silkstone collieriea, Ville- 

jii^ui- |Mjrfi>nittir, xx. 68. 
Wharton, - , ijuoted, xi. ITTk 
WiiAUToN, \Vm. Lloyd, <iuotcd. vxxiii. 

179. 
Whatman hand-made luiju'r, xxxiv. 176 

\\ hiiuwhuu oollierj-, xxxv. 179, ISO. 
Wheal Concord mine, Devon, Hastier 
chain-pump, xv. rj4, Ifil, 152 et .teq. 

— Jane mine, pulverizing ores, xxx. 143- 
144. 

— Vor mines, pumping-engines, xix. 
205-207. 

, stamping, xxx. 139. 

Wheat, bushel, various places, xix. 177. 

Wheel skips, x. 28-29. 

Wlieels, viii. 53-54. 

— , teeth, xxi. 271-284 ; plates xlii. -xlv. 

— of tubs, dimensions, iii. 249. 
WiiKWKL anemometer, x. 208, 2.S(). 
Whicklium stone coal-seam, xxxvii. 7. 
Whilchester limestone, section, xi. 111. 
Whin dykes, iii. 21-22, 23 ; xxii. 131. 

— sill, ix. 193 ; xii. 157. 

— — , intrusion of, xxvii. 73-86, 297- 
303 ; plates v., xl. 

Whinbank colliery, xxxiv. 111. 

Whingill collieries, xxxiv. 103, 105, 109. 

Wliinnyhill colliery, section, xxxii. .323. 

Wmi-ri.E process of iron-manufacture, iv. 
136. 

Whirling machine, for testing anemo- 
meters, X. 217 >'/ ■■<f'q. , 226, 230 ; diagram 
facing 217. 

Whirlstone, xxxiv. 126. 

Whistle-float in boilers, iv. 118. 

W^iiiTAKKR, , mechanical stoker, xviii. 
44, 46 (/ sf://, 

WiiiTAKEK AND Denton safcty-cage, xix. 
app. i. 10. 

Whitburn limestone quarries, xxx. 46. 

— new winning, xxx. 45-46. 
Whitby, V. 199-200; xiii. 115, 116, 122, 

123. 

— and Pickering railway, v. 178. 

— jet, gases evolved, xxvi. 35. 
Whiti;, Dr. — , quoted, xi. 2, 3. 
White, H., rnn-tlaliou of coal -•<enms of 

northern Emjland, xxxvii. 126-127. 
— , ff'i.t in inefnlliffrons miiif.t, xxxviii. 

71. 
— , lightning in pit, West Thornlej' 

colliery, xxxiii. 81-83; plate iii. ; 

xxxvi. 47-48, 86. 
White and Grant safety-cage, iii. 29- 

30, 225-226 ; xv. 108 ; xvi. 32, 35-40 ; 

plates vi.-viii. ; xix. app. i. 11 ; plates 

x.-xi. 
Wliite ash series, xxiii. 209-211. 

— coal, iv. 113, 191-192. 

— gy])sum, analysis, xxx. 59. 

— lias, ii. 258. 

— metal band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 
331, 342, 348 ; xxxiii. 121, 133. 



Whitehaven, xxxi. 216, 218, 229, 230, 

233. 
- , coal formation, xi. 1.36. 

collieries, viii. 149-150; xxxii. 363- 
367 : sections, .•J24-326, 356, 363 ; xxxiii. 
122, 126 ; section, 149; xxxiv. 100, 101, 
103 107, 109,110, 1.3.3. 
, lior.><es, xxxii. 110. 

— sandstone, xxviii. 115-116, 118, 150, 
220, 222; sections, 155; xxxii. 321- 
322, 343-345, 348, 355, 356 ; xxxiii. 
122, 125, 127, 129-1.33, 1.36, 141, 142, 
144-146; section, 147; .xxxiv. 135; 
section, 136. 

— water supply, xxiv. 54-55. 
Whitekeld, xxxiv. 133. 
WuiTELAW, J., (juoted, xix. app. i. 12. 
— , safety-cage, xix. app. i. 11-12; plates 

xii. -xiii. 
Whitley colliery, xv. 191. 

old pit, section, xiii. 209. 
Whitriggs iron-mines, section, xxxi. 

237 ; xxxiv. 89-90, 93. 
Whittle boilers, xviii. 107, 125. 
Whiltlcburn, reservoirs, xxiv. 49, 52, 

53, 55, 92. 
Whit well colliery, xv. 2.36. 

— — , pillar workings, i. 246. 
Whitwell stoves, xxxiii. abs. 89-90. 
Whitwood, Guibal fan, xxvii. 107. 
Whitworth colliery, xv. 238. 
Whole coal-way air, splits, vii. 51. 
Whopper lode, xxxi. abs. 41. 
W^hyhogomah, Cape Breton, xxvi. 85. 
Wichmann, Prof. A., quoted, xxxvii. 

abs. 67. 
Wicket system. North Wales, xxxi. 17- 

18 ; plate vii. 
Widdrington, boring, xxxv. 225. 
— , coal-seams, xxxvii. 7. 

— colliery, stair-grate furnace, xix. 64 ; 
plate xvii. 

Wide stall system, xxxv. 235, 236. 
WiDEMAN, C., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 45. 
Wideopen colliery, xv. 228. 
Wieliczka, salt-mines, gases, xxxviii. 61, 

70. 
Wiesner, a., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 45. 
Wigan, XV. 16, 17 ; table of seams, 14. 
— , experiments with coal, viii. 126. 

— , boilers, xviii. 125. 

— , steam coal, xviii. 37, 42. 

— cannel, gases evolved, xxvi. 35. 
WioAN Iron and Coal Company, coke- 
ovens, xxii. 7- 

Wigan Mechanics Institute, viii. 3. 
Wight, — , quoted, xxxii. 61 el seq. 
Wight, Robt., Seaion Bum boiler 

e.vp/osion, xi. .32-33, 36. 
WiLi>, J. W., i/iamoiid rock-horiiiq, xxx. 

106. 
Wilkesbarre, U.S.A., xiii. 26. 
Wilkinson, C. S., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

61. 
Wilkinson, Ern., quoted, xxxv. abs. 41 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



l'.)l 



Wilkinson, W., quoted, xii. 217-218. 
WiLLETT, Henry, quoted, xxiii. 187 ; 

xxvi. 20. 
William pit, Whitehaven, xxxii. 363-364. 

, — , winding engine, xxxiv. 108. 

Williams, — , quoted, ii. 200. 
Williams, jun.. Alb., quoted, xxxv. 

abs. 29. 
Williams, C. Wye, quoted, xix. 67, 68. 
Williams, G. M., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 

22. 
Williams, J., quoted, xxxvii. 9. 
Williams, J. Butler, quoted, xx. 23, 

25, 86, 105. 
- — , mineral resources of Flintshire and 

Denbighsliire, xxv. 81-100 ; plate xli. 
Williams, Philip, gr-eat northern coal- 
field, X. 81. 
Williams, Wm., Burradon collivry ex- 
plosion, viii. 163. 
— , great northern coal-field, x. 77, 79- 

80. 
Williams, W. Mattieu, quoted, xix. 

82. 
Williams smoke consumer, xvii. 69, 73. 
Williamson, Prof. — , quoted, xxviii. 

234. 
Williamson, John, quoted, xxix. 153. 
— , safety-lamp, xxix. 155. 
Willianisville coal, xxxiii. abs. 20. 
Willie pit shaft, Tanfield Moor, xxx. 

plate X. 
Willimontswj-ke to Crag Loixgh, section, 

xviii. plate xliii. 
Willington colliery, ii. 276 ; xv. 212, 

217, 250. 
— Quay, viii. 27. 
Willis, Jas., abstraction of explosire gas 

from coal-mines, xviii. 152. 
— , Broadbent safety-cage, xvi. 31. 
— , coke mannfacture, xxii. 19-20. 
— , Daglish ivater-guage, xvii. 29. 
— , direct-acting pumping and winding - 

engines, xv. 122, 125-127. 
— , gas in metalliferous mines, xxxviii. 70- 

71. 
— , Harrison cast-iron boiler, xvi. 30, 43. 
— , lead-mining districts, xiv. 12, 13. 
— , Lemielle ventilator, xvii. 80; xviii. 

59, 60, 99, 100. ■ 
— , machines worked by compressed air, 

xxii. 75. 
— , mechanical engineering papers, xviii. 

5. 
— , Pimolet and Agidllon's report, xxxi. 

28. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182b. 
— , resistance to air-ctirrents in 7nines, 

xxxviii. 216-218. 
— , Bigg and Meiklejohn coal-cutting 

machine, xxviii. 79. 
-, safety -hooks, xxix. 219, 233-234. 
— , steam boilers, xix. 9 ; xx. 123. 
— , steel supports, xxxvii. 244. 
— , valuation of mines, xxiii. 149. 



Willis rack and pinion, xxi. 271 ^l ser/.; 

plates xlii., xliii., xlv. 
Wilson, Ald. — , feeding of NewroMtle 

Corporation horses, xxxii. 111. 
Wilson, J. D. , Marsaul safely-lavip, 

xxxiv. 166. 
— , Pieler spirit-lamp, xxxviii. 182a. 
Wilson, Robt., (Jumberland coal-^eld, 

xxxiii. 137, 139. 
Wilson, Wm., and John, ((uoted, xxxvii. 

16. 
Wilson coal-seam. Nova Scotia, xxiv. 

175, 176. 

— gas producer, xxxv. 237. 
Wimmer, Fr., quoted, xxxiv. abs. 63. 
WiMMEB, RoBT., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

20. 
Winch, N., quoted, xxxvii. 10. 
Winch, T. M., quoted, ix. 185, 207. 
Winch for drawing timber, viii. 95. 
Winckel, fire-damp explosion, xxxviii. 62, 

64, 69. 
Wind, speed of, xxxii. 228. 

— method of cleaning coal, xxxi. 245- 
248 ; plates li.-liv. ; xxxvii. abs. 45. 

Windbore protector, xxx. 49-52 ; plate 

xi. 
Winder, xxviii. 110, 113; section, 155; 

xxxiv. 126, 133, 134 ; section, 136. 
Windhills boring, section, xxxi. 215. 
Winding, accidents, statistics, xix. app. 

i. 18. 
— , Koepe sj'stem, xxxii. abs. 43. 

— and lifting, patents for, xvii. app. ii. 
6-23; plates i.-ii. ; xviii. app. 4; xix. 
app. iii. 40-41 ; xx. app. ii. 9-10 ; xxi. 
app. ii. 9-10; xxii. app. ii. 9-10 ; xxiii. 
app. ii. 9-11 ; xxiv. app. ii. 9-10 ; xxv. 
app. ii. 9-10. 

— engine boilers, proposed application 
of coke-oven gases, xxii. plate xxviii. 

— engines, xxiii. 227-229 ; xxvii. 150- 
151, 154, 159, 160, 161, 290; xxviii. 
44-55 ; xxxv. 234. 

, Cinderhill, x. 156. 

— — , control apparatus, xxxvii. abs. 
21-22. 

— — , counterbalancing, xx. 205-216; 
plates Ivii.-lxi. ; xxvi. 64 ; xxvii. 187, 
196-197. 

, — and expansion applied to, xxv. 

201-214; plates li.-lix. 
, direct-acting, xv. 19-42, 121-127 : 

plates iii.-vii. 

— — , expansion gearing, xxix. 3-6 ; 
plate i. 

, hand-gear for starting and revers- 
ing, xxvi. 145-149; plate xxii. 

, hydraulic brakes, xxxvii. abs. 43- 

44. 
— , Lumpsey, xxxi. 112-113. 

— —, marine engines as, xxiv. 126-127, 
250-253, 258 et scg. 

, self-acting variaVdo expansion, 

xxvi. 109-117 ; plates xiii.-xvii. 



102 



GENERAL INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Wiiuliii^ oii^jinen, Sul/cr-Martin, xxvii. 
•271. -.'SO'JSl : i.lnto xxxviii. 

— gear, xxxi. I.'W, 140, 141 ; wxiii. libs. 
9- 10; xxxiv. ttb». S-IO. 

— , Fowler hyilruulic, xxiii. 'Jlt-41 ; 
plates xi.-xiv. 

— ropes, xxxi. abs. '21*24. 

, aucidents to, xxxii. ubs. 80 ; xxxv. 

abs. 5. 
, flat niauilla h inp, xxxiv. abs. 5"!. 

— ^, Germiiny, cost, xxxvii. ubs. '24-2G. 

, strength, xxxiv. uljs. 69-70. 

, wire, experiments, xxxvi. abs. 24. 

rtrsiit puiiiiiiiig water, xvii. 23, 24. 
Windmills, fur coal-pits, x. 120. 
Windsor, Liverpool, waterworks engine, 

xxi. 1. •?.'')- 1.S6, i:{8, i:W»Y .s<7. 
— , Nova Scotia, xxx. 57-58, 6',i, 65; 

xxxi. 151, 152. 
— , rennsylvania, xxxi. abs. 43. 
Wine harbour. Nova Scotia, xxxi. 160, 

168. 
Wingate coal-field, iv., plate facing 270. 

— colliery, Burnett mining wedge, 
xxxiv. 194, 196-197. 

, j)umping-eiigine, xxix. 8, 12. 

— Grange coal-Held, section, iv. 271,272. 
colliery, xiii. 97, 226 ; xxxviii. 45. 

— — - , Burnett roller weilge, xxxv. 
97-99. 

, lubricator, xxv, 218 ; plate Ix. 

, plant, xxxvi. 213-214. 

, water, xv. 137. 

, wire-rope trials, viii. 16. 

WiNKLEHNER, H., quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

57. 
Winkler, Prof. Cl., quoted, xxxii. abs. 

25 ; xxxv. 3 ; xxxvi. abs. 41. 
— , safety-lamp, experiments, xxxv. 35- 

39 ; plate vi. 
W^inlaton ironworks, xv. 197. 

— manor, xv. 188. 

Winning and working of Cinder Hill 
colliery, x. 149-159. 

— high main coal-seam, Gosforth col- 
liery, xxxviii. 189-203 ; plate xxi v. 

— of Murton colliery, v. 43-61, 148-159. 
Winterbouriie, xxvii. 95. 
Wire-dr;iwn steam, xvi. 7. 

Wire gauze, viii. 46. 

, experiments on, xii. 55. 

-7- — , oil on, XV. 144-145 ; xvi. 91 ; 
xvii. 5 el seq. 

— rope hanging wagonway at Gottessegeu 
mine, xxxvii. abs. 19-20. 

haulage, xxxviii. abs. 70. 

railways. Beer, xxxviii. abs. 23. 

, Bleichert, xxxi. abs. 27. 

tramways, xxxv. abs. 70-71. 

, aerial, x xxiii. 220-222. 

, mineral conveyance by, xx. 3- 

16, 217 ; plates i.-xxiv. 

— ropes, X. 20 ; xv. 236, 241. 

— — , Lancashire collieries, xv. 21, 



Wire ropes, round, xv. Ill, 117. 118. 

, — , wear of, xv. 124. 

ami chains, strength, vii. 211-217 ; 

discussion, viii. 13-18; experiments, 

179-180. 

— ropeways, improvements, xxxviii. 
abs. 10. 

WlTiiAM AND Stanlky, mechanical 
stoker, xxvii. 210. 

Witham valley iron-ore deposits, xxxv. 
1.30, 133 ; sections, 145. 

WiTiiENsiiAw & Co., John, winding- 
engines, xxvi. 60. 

Witherite, xxv. 81. 

Witton and North Bedburn moors, xv. 
211. 

— boring, xxxvii. 128. 

— Park ironworks, v. 169 ; xiii. 116, 124. 
Woi.K, benzine safety-lamp, experiments, 

xxxv. 12-15,25-28; plates ii.-iii. 

— safety-lamp, xxxiv. 291-295 ; plates 
xli.-xlii. 

— — — , height of flame-cap, xxxviii. 
181. 

Wolfram, annual production, xxi. 187, 

197. 
WuLLASTON differential water-gauge, iii. 

168 tt seq.: figured, 73. 
Wo!..sEV, Cardinal, quoted, xv. 182-183. 
Wolverhampton, water-supi)ly, xxi. 138. 

— waterworks, pumping, xvi. 136. 
Wombwell colliery sinking, xxxv. 227. 
Women hauling coal, iii. 242, 245. 
Wood, Collingwood, quoted, xii. 27. 
Wood, C. L., Wood memorial hall, xxi. 

235. 
Wood, Harrie, quoted, xxxviii. abs. 61. 
Wood, J. N., quoted, xxxv. abs. 59. 
Wood, Lindsay, American centennial 

exhibition, xxv. 101. 
— , — coai and oil regions, xxv. 167, 175. 
— , ajiparatxui for saving breakage of coal, 

xxv. 262. 
— , application of count erhcdanciny and 

expansion to winding -engines, xxv. 207, 

208. 
— , arrears of subscriptions, xiii. 216. 
— , Baiiisley 1875 meeting, xxv. 3, 4. 
— , Bastier chain pump, xv. 139. 
— , boiler explonons, xi. 208. 
— , coal-cutting machines, xii. 48, 49, 63- 

67 ; xiv. 105, 117 et seq., 135. 
— , coal -7neasures and oil produce, U.S.A., 

xxvi. 11. 

, coal-washing apparatu.1, xv. 143. 
— , coffering shafts to keep back water, 

xxvi. 8 et seq. 
— , conveyance of coal underground, xvi. 

90. 

— , detection of inflammahle gas in small 
quantities, xxvi. 136. 

— , — gases, xxvii. 68-69 et seq., 

289, 292. 

— , direct-acting pumping and winding- 
engines, XV. 125. 



VOLUMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



1 !»;-} 



WdOD, Lindsay, Donestliorp, Firth and 
Ridley coal-cutting iiiaoliine, xii. 48, 
49, 63-67. 

election of me mlitrx, xxvi. 160. 

E. Vuif/emiii, xxvii. 285. 

experiments irith roal-diixt, xxviii. 
102 ; xxxiv. .306, 807. 

— showing pressure of gas in solid 
coal, xxx. 163-256; plates xxxix.-xlv.; 
xxxii. 123-132. 

finances of institute, xxv. 249 ; xxvii. 
284. 

France, 1878 excursion, xxvii. 283. 

— , northern coal-field, xxvii. 249. 

gro-s, Strafford Main colliery, xxv. 105, 
106. 

gasex occluded hy coal, xxvi. 38. 

hand-gear for starting and rerersing 
windin<f-engin€s, xxvi. 148-149. 

Jhu-iess rocks, xxvi. 128, 129. 

Hetlon safety-lamp e.rperiin( nts, xvii. 
33, 60 et .seq. 

honorary members, xxv. 142. 

intrusion of whin sill, xxvi. 86. 

limestones, Northnmherland, xxv. 40. 

lAndley an ' Hntton collection, xxv. 3. 

lonqu-idl workinq, East Helton collier i/, 
XXV.' 258, 260. 

machines icorked hy compressed air, 
xxii. 75. 

mechanical stoking, xviii. 95 et seq. 

memoir of T. E. Forster, xiii. 10. 

mining indiistrieSy Prussia, xxvii. 64, 
65, 295, 296. 

nen- rules or bye-laws, xxvi. 131. 

Xeinbottle colliery explosion, xv. 144, 
145. 

observations during sealing up of 
Maudlin seam, Seaham colliery, xxxii. 
311-312, 314, 316. 

Oak^ colliery explosions, xxv. 142 
et seq. 

Pennsylranian coal-measures, xxvi. 
45, 47, 48. 

president, address, xxviii. 208 ; 
xxxviii. 45. 

— , election, xxvii. 296-297. 

presidential address, xxv. 189-198. 

pressure of gas in solid coal, xxix. 227. 

printing of papers in advance, xvi. 
131. 

prosperity of institute, xxvi. 159. 

quoted, vii. 147, 196 ; xii. 18 ; xix. 
48; XX. 216; xxiii. 17; xxxi. 118; 
xxxviii. 31, 32, 38; 

Heumaiix method of cleaninq coal, 
xxvi. 140-141. 

safety-lamp, xvii. 37-38, 62. 

safety-lamps, xii. 75. 

spontaneous combustion of coed, xxv. 
131, 132, 187, 188. 

tail-rope committee's report, xviii. 72, 
75-76. 

tail-ropes, xv. 90, 144. 

technical education, xviii. 7. 



VV'OOU, LiNU.SAY, underground, ronrey- 

ance, C'lerelaiid, xvi. 93, 94. 
— , underground hauJage committn , up. 

pointment, xxvii. 99. 
— , ventilation of miners, xxvi. 177. 
— , rentilators, comm,itteepr exposed, xxvii. 

119. 
— , risit to Denain, xxvii. 263. 

- , loorks, xxvi. 33. 

Wood, Nicholas, i. 217 '/ •"7., 2.33 '/ 

seq., 251 et seq., 257-258 et siq., 267- 

268, 270; ii. 1-3, 5 et s,q., 11 ,1 seq., 

47 et s,'q.. 48-51, 91-94, 96, 97, 231, 

232 ; iii. 4-10, 54, 55, 233-234 ; iv. 3-4, 

23, 31, 32, 107, 110-113; vi. I et s,-q. 
— , address on the two Stepiiensons, viii. 

35-84. 
— , adjourned meeting, ix. 3. 
— , admission, under-viewers, to Institute, 

viii. 19-20. 
— , — , and, overmen, to Ijistifnte, xi. 

211-212. 
— , aluminium safety-lamp, ix. 255. 
— , — wire-gauze, xi. 178, 179. 
^, American anthracite, xiii. 14-15. 
— , annual address, i. 271-273. 
— , arrears of suhsrri]ition.'<, xiii. 215-216. 
— , ascen'iional ventilation, viii. 9 et seq. 
— , attendance of authors, xiii. 99, 217. 

— , members, iv. 265, 266 ; v. 227. 

— , Belgian miners' fund, xiv. 69-70. 

— , Birminqham ISGl meetimi, ix. 84-86, 

141, 221 'et seq., 249-250, 253, 2,j4 ; x. 

1-2, 243 et seq. 
— , boiler exj/losions, iv. 113 et spq. .• xi. 

208, 214 et seq. 
—, Bristol coal-field, x. 113, 114, 115. 
— , British Association, xii. IS- 19. 4(i, 

69-71, 87-91. 
— , — - — 1862 proposerl meetini/, xi. 7. 

— , 1863 meeting, xii. 18-19, 46. 

— , , papers, xiii. 1-2, 41-42. 

— , , thanks from. xiii. 3. 

— , Burradon colliery, explosion, viii. 85- 

86, 137 et seq. ; ix. 55, 56. 
— , conent walling, ix. 147 et seq. 
— , chalybeate mine waters, v. 21-22. 
— , classification of carboniferous strata, 

xiv. 34", 35, 36, 70, 71. 
— , Clenlnwt irons/on,, vi. 7, 8, 9, 10. 11, 

12, 187, 191-195. 
— , close-topped tnbliing, xii. 19 et snj. 
— , coal-cutting machine, xii. 78 ; xiv. 

72, 105. 
— , coal-miuing, xii. 149-218. 

— , , France, vii. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7-8. 

— , colouring of maps, ix. 255. 

— , connexion with N^atured History 

Society, ix. 252. 
— , contribution of papers, viii. 175. 

, conveyance of coals imder^round, iii. 

239-318 ; iv. 32-33; v. 65-11^). 
— , Coopers presentation of fossils, xi. 

177. 
— , copyright of papers, v. 1-2 et stq. 

13 



Ill 4 



(;i;m;kai. indkx to tii.\nsactions. 



Wood, Nicuolau, Citmhtr/antl cwii-fic'cU, 

xi. 1791H8. 
— , — litiM, xi. 195. 
— , day of innlinij, iv. "201. 
— , drnlh of \Vm. Antln.ion, xii. 3. 
^, Jo.1. Lorki , ix. I--. 

_, the /'i-incf t^oiisort, xi. 99. 

— , — — jiobrri Stt/)hriiioii, viii. 8-9. 

_, _ T. ./. Tai/tor, ix. 'irU-'iSo. 

— , tU}tMity o/thr earth, iii. r>9. 

— , Dtrlii/ilirt i\Htl-liilil (tiiil /oiKjioall 

iporkimi, X. 138, 14(5-147. 
— , df-^tntrtiir action <>//itrii(iri ijfi.ti^s, xii. 

'25 ft Mfij. 
— , iliinifi.*ion of jHipt-rs, iii. 5(3, '233 ; v. 

4-5, '2'27 ; viii. 175 ; ix. 54-55. 

— , Binniiiijham pajx rx, xi. 211. 

— , diitrihittiuii of pa jh is, vii. 28-29. 

— , Doll-ion's jtajjir on roncidenc of 

exp/oslon-< and harometi ic sl,.i-vis, v. 9- 

10. 
— , drift ill coaf-nitamirffi, xiii. 158-160, 

16(5, 167. 
— , Jhimar electric liijht, xiv. 71, 72. 
— , duration of northern coal-fiild, iii. 4 

it seq. 
— , election to mrmhership of iiitjjectors of 

mines, iv. 262. 
_, _ of ojficers, iv. 262 ; vi. 197, 198, 

478. 
— , rice-prexidenis, viii. 174-175; 

ix. 54, 247 ; xii. 17. 
— , Erekli anil Rodoato coed-tieUU, iii. 54 

er^<>7. , 233, 2:^4. 
— , exchamje of )ndiIicalions, viii. 3 ; xiii. 

13, 14, 92. 
— , exploion of fire-damp, Liinilhill 

colliery, V. 231-274; vi. 113- 122 r/ spry., 

213 et seq. 
— , extra copies, iii. 3. 
— , finance coinvit tee's report, ix. 231 et 

sef{. : xii. 145-146 ef seq. 
— , qeo/ogicaf snrrey, Tynt district, xiii. 

2i5. 
— , qeoloefy of horrler districts, xi. 60-63, 

188-207. 
— , — — Nortliern coal-field, xiii. 42- 

— , gift of Prussian maps and plans, xii. 

45. 
— , Great Xorthern coal-field, x. 73-75, 

77-78, 80-82. 
— . y. }'. /fall's claim for diagrams, etc., 

viii. 3. 
— , — — — publication expeyises, vii. 

179. 
— , Hartley colliery accident, xi. 100 ; xii. 

3 ef seq. 
— , Helton colliery eocplosiou, ix. 89-90 tt 

seq., 93-129, 183f/.se^. 
— , housing of specimens, v. 226. 
— , R. Hunt testimonial, vii. 181. 
— , inaugural address, i. 13-32, 65, 66, 

67, 68. 
— , , Birmingham, x. 3-23. 



Wool), Nh'Holas, increa.ieil iinndier of 

rire-pn siih nis, xi. 224. 
— , Institute library, v. 4. 
— , — muieum, ix. 141, 142. 
— , international exhibition, 1862, xi. 1, 2, 

3, 159. 
— , iron manufacture, xiv. 27-28. 
— , Jones safety-lamp, xi. 159-160, 161. 

- , lead-minimi tlistricts, xiv. 9, 10-11, 13. 
— , letters, iv.' 108-110. 

- , Lindley and Hut ton colleclion, viii. 
172. 

— , low main seam, viii. 97, 101-105, 106- 
107. 

— , inaqnesian limestone, xiv. 28, 29, 31- 
34. ' 

— , -, Seahaiii and Seaton winning, 

V. 117-129. 

, magnetic ironstone depo.sit in Rose- 
dale, vii. 85-94, 104 ; viii. 4-5. 

— , Manchester 18*15 meeting, xiv. 101. 

- , manufacture of coke, ix. 6 et seq., 48 
tt seq. 

— , memoir, xv. 43, 49-59. 

— , — , Josepli Locke, ix. 56-64. 

— , — , Cieorge and Robert Stephenson, 

viii. 33-84. 
— , — , Thos. Jno. Taj'lor, ix. 237-245. 
— , memorial portrait, xiv. 104-105. 
--, Middlesbrough salt, xiii. 92-98. 
— , miners' ivages, xiii. 158. 
— , minimi colleije, iii. 56 el seq., 841 et 

seq.; iv. 36 ; V. 25-26, 131-1.33, 143-144, 

227-228; vi. 200-203; vii. .30, 1(59-170, 

174-177, 182-183; viii. 20-22; ix. 86- 

89, 229-230, 251-252; xi. 219-22.3. 
— , — fund, Belgium, xiii. 41, 103, 104. 
— , — surveys, iv. 263. 
— , Monkirearmouth colliery explosion, ix. 

250-251 ; xi. 1. 
— , Naliirid History Society's agreement, 

xi. 4-6, 59. 
— , nomination of members, iii. .3-4. 
— , notes on mineral section, international 

exhibition, 1862, xi. 227 ; app. 1-9. 
— , J. M. Ogden's prize for locomotive 

traction in mines, ix. 89. 
— , paradoxes in ventilation, xiii. 5 et seq., 

48, 52, 104, 105. 
— , Pennsylvania, anthracite region, xiii. 

101-103,' 157, 163, 165. 
— , pillar working, viii. 175 et seq.; ix. 

16, 30 et seq., 37. 
— , Plashetts and Canonbie coal-field, xi. 

194. 
— , practice with gas at blowers, iii. 229. 
— , prevention of accidents in mines, y. 

228, 229. 
— , print inq of papers, vi. 198; vii. 1-2, 

27-28, 180-181. 
— , proposed exfmordinari/ meelings, ix. 

15-16 ; xiii. 2l7. 
— , — local meeting, xiv. 9, 27, 37, 67-69. 
— , — mining record office, xi. 225-226. 
— , — record of sinkings, xiv. 8, 27. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



195 



Wood, Nicholas, /jrosperity of Intlltnlc, 

V. 225-226, 229. 
— , publication of proceeding!*, xi. 177-178. 
— , purrha.se and sale of piihUcatioiix, 

viii. 20. 
— , — of (jcofogicaJ Nurmy majts, viii. 171. 
— , — — ordnance maps, ix. fli, 83. 
— , (quoted, i. 2 ; iii. app. 3 ; iv. 5.5 ; viii. 

61 ; ix. 186, 194, 213; xii. 149, 192 ; xiv. 

2-4; XV. 75, 76, 205, 208-210, 222, 

227, 247, 248, 250, 256, 258,260,265,283, 

284, 288-289, 292 ; xviii. 20, 26, 33 ; 

xix. 32, 36, 41, 42, 193, 194, 196- 

198; XX. 84; xxi. 221, 222, 227-231, 

2.32, 235, 236, 237 ; xxv. 198, 199 ; 

xxxiii. 69, 70, 72, 78, 79 ; xxxvi. 133 

159 ; xxxvii. 4, 10, 125 ; xxxviii. 29, 

39, 42. 
— , rafiii;/ of coal-mines, xiv. 103. 
— , relative value of furnace and steam 

jet in ventilation of coal-mines, i. 71- 

164, 187 Ctsrq., -20^ et seq. 
— , reportti of mcefiny.s, viii. 173. 
— , reprinting of Transactions, xii. 46. 
— , round and sma// coals, v. 10 et seq. 
— , safety-cages, iii. 29 ; viii. 5, 7, 8 ; x. 

8^et seq.; xi. 161-162. 
— , safety-lamp locks, xiii. 2-3. 
— , safety-lamps for lighting coal-mines, i. 

301-322 ; viii. 44; xii. 72-74 et seq. 
— , s lie of puhlications, iii. 27 ; iv. 262. 
— , Seaham and Seaton winning, v. 117. 
— , Seaton Burn boiler explosion, viii. 86. 
— , secretary, appointment , ix. 252, 253 ; 

xi. 6. 
— , separate copies, v. 4. 
• — , -sinking through sand, v. 150 et seq. 
— , Somerset .slii re coal-field, iii. 28, 29. 
— , spontaneous comJiustion of coal, x. 178, 

181-182. 
— , statistics, iv. 264-265. 
— , Stephenson bequest, ix. 1, 15, 53 ; xi. 

212. 
— , subscribing collieries, iv. 3. 
— , success of Institute, iv. 265-266 ; xi. 

226 ; xiii. 217. 
— , theory of ventilation, iii. 55, 236. 
— , tokens in tubs, v. 1. 
— , true meridian, iv., 121. 
— , tubing boreholes throiiqh quicksand'^, 

X. 248,' 249. 
— , underf/round conreyance of coal, etc., 

X. 37-39. 
— , upper and lower beds of coal, 

Northumberland and Durham, xi. 101- 

138. 
— , velocities of air-currents in ntines, x. 

242, 249-250. 
— , ventilating fan, Elsecar, xii. 27 et 

seq. 
— , — furnaces, ix. 155 et seq. 
— , ventilation, HiJiernia colliery, xii. 76- 

77. 
— , — experimotts, vii. 63-70, 127-128. 
— , committte, v. 23 ; xii. 17-18. 



Wood, Nicholas, veniUalifm of mitwjt, iv. 

4-5, 7 et seq.; vi. 151-1.54 et seq.; vii. 

184, 190 et seq. 

— , underground, boilers, xiii. liet seq. 

— , wash, Durham coal-Held, xiii. 69-85. 

— , n:ire-raj)es, viii. 15, 16, 18. 

— , working and reutilation of crja/.miuej<, 

vii. 31 et seq., 43, 57 et seq. 
— , — of thick and thin seams, v. 6 ef seq. 
— , — — overlying and underlying coal- 
seams, V. 17 et seq. 
— , — ponder of pitmen, v. 12. 
— , Yorkshire coal-field, Thorp's diagrams, 

V. 226. 
Wood, Thos. , quoted, iii. app. 3 ; iv. 93. 
Wood, W., coal-wedging machine, xix. 

13. 
Wood, W. C, Morton ejector con- 
denser, xxiii. 165-166 ; plate xxxiv. 
Wood, W. H., experiments with coaJ-dust, 

xxxiv. 249 et seq. 
— , improved form of seismoscope, xxxvii. 

112. 
— , Lloyd ventilating fan, xix. 6. 
— , Sunlight electric safety-lamp, xxxvii. 

115. 
— , Swan improved electric safety -lamp, 

xxxvi. 11. 
Wood, W. 0., differential expansive 

pumping -engine, xxiii. 12. 
— , Guihal ventilator, Frameries, xvi. 7. 
— , longwcdl working, xvi. 108, 111-112. 
— , , East Hetton colliery, xxv. 251- 

260; plates Ixxv., Ixxvi. ; xxvi. 64-66 

et seq.; plate viia. 
— , steam boilers, xviii. 109 et seq. 
— , tail-rope committee's report, xviii. 78, 

81. 
Wood and Johnson, quoted, \ . 50. 
Wood Memorial Hall, xvi. 107; xix. 55 ; 

XX. 219 ; xxi. 82, 223, 224. 
, report of committee, xx. 113- 

115. 
and Lit. and I'liil. librarj', xix. 

58, 71-74. 

— preserved bv cupriferous water, xxxvii. 
48-49. 

Wooden pumps. Cape Breton, xxvi. 57- 
58. 

— railways, iii. 246-247. 

— stemmers, suggested, xxxiii. 4, 12. 

— tubbing, XV. 214. 

— ventilators, disadvantages, xxv. 117, 
127, 128. 

Woodend iron-mines, xxxiv. 95-96. 

— limestone, xxxvii. 13. 
WOODHODSE, J. T., addresses Manchester 

1S65 meeting, xiv. 107 et seq. 
— , Birmingham meeting, x. 2. 
— , conl-ica-shing apparatus, xv. 63 et seq. 

— , death of, xx\aii. 70. 

— , direct-acting pumpinij and u-lnding- 

engines, xv. 26 et seq., 40, 41. 
— , great northern coal-litld, x. 76. 
— , Lancashire coal-field, xv. l.'i-16, 17. 



ii»r. 



GENERAL INDKX To TU \ NSACTIOXS. 



WooDHorsK, .1. T., Liiiiilhill iollin-y ex- 

jJtuimi, V. '248, ioO ff ■<"/. 
— , progress of c(»jil-ininiiij; and lonjjwttll 

working, DerhvMliirf aixl Nottinglmm- 

shire, x. 117-i:il, \'M ei «7. 
— , quoted, ix. 252 ; x. 13, 152 ; xx. 25 ; 

xxviii. 70. 
—,..q/V/y-<«;/rsx.9 1,9(5: XV. 115,117,118. 
— , .tpoiilaiifou-t comlni-ilioii of'rott/, X. 174 

et leq. 

— , tail-rope*, XV. 88 et seij. 
— , Huilenjrouixt roiirei/iinre, x. 37-38. 
Wooilhouse Close colliery, xv. 236. 
WiHtDHOtsK Rawson incandescent lamp, 

xxxiv. 41, 42. 
Woodititld colliery, coke-ovens, xxii. 16,19. 
, diagrams of workings, facing, viii. 

88, 89, 90, 91. 

— royalty, section through, facing, viii. 87. 
WooD.s, "Rkv. J. E. Tkmscin, ([uoted, 

xxxiv. abs. 32. 
VVoodside coal seam, xxxvii. 13. 
Woodstock ironworks, New Brunswick, 

xiv. 23 ; sections of blast furnaces, 

facing 22. 
Wooler, XXX. 122. 

— and Rothbury, mineral resources of 
country between, XXX. 121-127 ; plates 
xxvii. -xxviii. ; xxxi. 203-204. 

WoUaton, Nottingham, boring, xxx. 106. 

Woolongong, vi. 29-.S0. 

WouLKYcH AND AsHWOKTH, Jack-Davy 
safety-lamp, xxix. 145-147 ; plate xxii. 

Woolwich arsenal, lime-cartridge experi- 
ments, xxxiii. 60. 

Worcester, coals produced, x. 66. 

Work and wages, xxviii. 30-32. 

— of colliery horses, xxxii. 97-103. 
Working, fiery mines, England, Pernolet 

and Aguillon's report, xxxi. 5-29 ; plates 

i.-xi. 
— , improvements, vii. 5-8. 
— , method in Huelva mines, xxxvii. 34 

et "eq. ; plates ii.-iv. 
— , mines, ii. 244-248 ; vii. 9-26, 31 et 

aeq., 79 et .■<eq. 
— , — , Prussia, xxxii. abs. 68-69. 

— and breaking down coal, Jones and 
Bidder machine, xix. 11-14, 96-98. 

other charges on coal, ii. 193-194. 

— away of pillars, vii. 11 e' >^7. , 32 et stq. 

— by contract, xxxi. 182-183. 

— coal, committee on, xix. 38, .39, 58. 

, longwall method, xix. 27-39, 86-88. 

, methods, Belgium, xxvii. 176-177, 

178, 179-180, 18.3. 

, — , Bohemia, xxvii. 193. 

, — , ditlerent, xii. 182 ; xviii. 24, 27. 

, — , Escarpelle, xxvii. 255. 

, — , Germany, xxvii. 185-186. 190- 

191, 195, 198. 
, — , Northern France, xxvii. 

172-173, 174. 

, - , South Wales, xxiii. 219. 

, — , Warora, xxxviii. 127-130. 



Working coal-seams, iii. 62, 65. 

— hours, xviii. 181. 

-- overlying or underlying seams, eHVct 

on coal-beds, iv. 141-146. 
Workings, broken mine, vii. 13. 
Workington collieries, xi. 118 ; xv. 236; 

sections, xxxii. .327,328, 356; xxxiii. 

124-125. 126, 12S, 131, 133-1.35, 1.39; 

xxxiv. 100, 105-1(»7, 109-111, 1.32. 
, floodeil, xxxiv. 111. 

— 18H4 meeting, xxxiii. 121. 
Workmen's clubs, xxvii. 49-50. 
Workpeople, iv. 289. 292, 294 29(i, 298, 

.300, 302. 
— , condition, xxxiii. abs. 3. 

— in mines, ii. 196, 198, 201, 2i».3. 
Works visiteil, London 1876 meeting, 

XXV. 223, 238. 

— — , Yorkshire 1875 meeting, xxv. 
11-12. 

Wor:«ald composition, experiments, 

xxxvi. 24. 
Worsley, coal-seams, xv. 14. 
WoRSOi- patent for mixing air with 

steam, xxii. 76 et seq. 
Wrangel coal-.seam, section, xxviii. 61. 
Wreah pit, xxxviii. 116 ; section, 155. 
Wri(;ht, — , exdminnliov, xxiv. 43. 
Wright, Chas. Tylden, Channel tunnel, 

xxxii. 3-15, 22. 
Wri(;ht, G. H., quoted, xvi. 105. 
Wri(;ht, 'R.,<linmon<l drill, xxiii.191,192. 
Wrioi.ky, H. E., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 24. 
Wrought-iron beam, Cambois, xvi. 128. 
boilers, shapes of, xx. 49 '/ ■•^7. ; 

plates xxvi. -xxvii. 

for engine beams, xii. 8. 

in compression, strength, xxix. 

179-186; plate xxxii.; xxx. 89-90; 

xxxii. 180 ; xxxiii. 63-65. 
Wudjar Curroor, diamonds, xxxvi. abs. .37. 
WriLLOT, .Jus., quoted, xxxiii. abs. 84 ; 

xxxvi. abs. 16. 
Wun, India, coal district, xxxviii. 81. 
Wi'RziAN, Eug. Bitter vox, quoted, 

xxxvi. abs. 27. 
Wy'czynski, Josef, quoted, xxxvii. abs. 

61. 
Wylam, Hedley locomotive, viii. 48. 
— .' iron liridge, xxix. 184-185. 

— colliery, xxxvi. 207. 

, Boulton and Watt engine, xix. 

208-209. 
, railway, ii. 109, 159 ; xxxvi. 1.33, 

1.34. 

— ironworks, v. 167-168; xiii. 112-113, 
121, 124. 

AA'yxne, Thos., longival/ working, x. 144- 

145. 
— , ■steam-jet ventifation. i. 66, 67, 69. 
Wynnstay colliery explosion, xxv. 240- 

243 ; plates Ixxi.-lxxii. 
Wjoming coal, iv. 130. 

— coal-field, xiii. 25, 26, 29, 30. 
I — valley, section, xxv. 176. 



VOLUMES I, TO XXXVIII. 



197 



V-Foel-Wen, Merioneth, xxxvi. 104, 106, 

110, 111. 
Vachting, viii. 80. 
Yard band coal-seam, sections, xxxii. 

324, ;«7-:«0, -.my-lVM, 839, 850; 

xxxiii. 121, 128, 129, 182-184, 187, 

139, 141, 142, 147, 148; xxxiv. 102, 

109, HI. 

— coal-seam, ii. 275-278 ; vi. 89-41 ; 
X. 118; xxxvii. 6, 7, 15, 126. 

, Hartley, xi. 145 i<f -icq. 

, sections, xiii. 74, 75, 209. 

— , Wallsend, v. 180. 

Yarlside mines, xxxi. 220, 221, 227 ; 

section, 287. 
Yarmouth, bascule bridge, xxii. 152. 
Yarza, R. a. de, quoted, xxxiii. abs. 

86, 87 ; XXXV. abs. 59. 
Yate, xxvii. 89, 95. 
Yauli mining district, xxxiv. abs. 52. 
Yearly miners' festival, Saarbruck, 

xxviii. 35. 
Yeathouse, xxxiv. 127, 131. 

— iron-mines, xxxiv. 88, 89, 93. 

— mines, xxviii. 129, 181, 183. 
Yellow sand, iv. 273 ; xiv. 28, 30-33, 36. 
Yetholm church, xxx. 122. 
Yewthwaite lead-mine, xxxiv. 122, 123. 
Yewtree ironstone, x. 120. 

Yield, coal, vi. 23-24 ; xiii. 29, 34 ; xv. 

187, 238, 243, 244, 247, 249, 251, 252, 

254, 256, 257, 261, 262. 
— , — , South Staffordshire, x. 194-195. 
— , — per acre, Derbyshire coal-field, 

X. 141-142. 
— , coke, Coppee ovens, xxii. 88-89. 
— , gas. Nova Scotia coal, xix. 134, 135, 

159. 



Yield, lead, Cumberland, Durham, and 
Northumberland, table, xiii. 199. 

Yny.syl)ul pit. South Wales, xxx v. 227. 

Yoredale rocks, xii. 151 ; xxv. 231 ; 
sections, 288 ; xxiv. 50, 51 ; xxxiii. 70, 
143; xxxiv. 125, 128-135; sections, 
136. 

— series, xxxi. 215, 217-218, 220, 221. 

— shales, fire-damp emitted, xxxviii 60 
69. 

York coal-seam, section, xxviii. 63. 
Yorkshire, geological map, xxi. plate 

xxiv. 
— , partial longwall, xvi. 108. 
-, usual mode of ventilation, vi. 205. 

— coal-field, iii. 9-10; xi. 134, 135; 
sections, 138, 141. 

compared with that (if New- 
castle, viii. 189. 

— coals, calorific value, xvii. 72. 

— collieries, outbursts of gas, xxxi. 10- 
12. ^ 

— 1875 meeting, xxv. 4, 10, 11-12. 
Youlgreave, noxious gases in mines near, 

xxxviii. 60, 67. 
YouNCi, Arthur, quoted, xv. 210. 
Young, Dr. John, education of mining 

engineer, xxi. 21-32, 37-38, 42-46. 
— , quoted, xxxviii. 41. 
Younu, Jas., quoted, xxix. 91, 171. 
YouN(j, Rev. Geo., quoted, v. 172. 
Y''ouNG, RoBT. , Hetton colliery expiation, 

ix. 100. 
Young and Sharp safety-lamp, xvii. 40. 
Young boiler seatings and furnaces, 

xxix. plates xii. -xiii. 
Y'ouNGER, Wilkinson, quoted, xi. 33, 36- 

37. 



Zabrze, collieries near, xxvii. 190. 

Zalathna, xxxv. 82, 91, 92. 

Zanguezour copper-deposits, xxxv. abs, 

9. 
Zankeroda colliery, xxxi. abs. 32. 
ZiJKiNSKi. H., quoted, xxxviii. abs. 18, 

54. 
Zeiller, R., (juoted, xxxiii. abs. 21, 109 ; 

xxxiv. 146, 152, abs. 46 ; xxxvi. abs. 9, 

10. 
Zichwald drift, section, xxviii. 58. 
Zilli, iv. 64, 66, 76, 83, 84, 85, map, 106; 

xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Zinc, inti'oduced into boilers, xxiv. 119 ; 

xxxii. abs. 10. 

— blende, xxv. 81. 

— blendes, Freiberg, xxxvi. abs. 40. 



Zinc mines, iv. 91, 94. 

— ore, annual production, xxi. 170, 180 
190. 

, Virginia, xxxiii. abs. 23. 

— production, xxxiii. abs. 59. 
ZiNC'KEN, C, quoted, xxxv. abs. 25. 
ZiPPERLEN, — , quoted, xxxv. abs. 27. 
Zirknitz, lake, iv. 92, 94. 

Zujovic, J. M., (juoted, xxxv. abs. 65. 
Zunguldak, Anatolia, iii. 65. 
Zwickau, coal-screen, xxvi. 141. 

— collieries, xxxiv. abs. 3. 

, climatic conditions, xxxii. abs. 41- 

42. 

— district, coal-v.'dshing, xxix. 164-170. 

— forstschachtes, analysis of gases oc- 
cluded in, xxxv. 1 1. 



TKAXSACTIONS 

OF 

THE iS'ORTH OF ENGLAND INSTITUTE 



MlNLMi AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 



11.— SUBJECT-MATTER INDEX. 

V O L S. I. T o XXXVII I.— 1 801' TO 1 8 K 9.* 



Explanations. 



The Roman Letters refer to the Number of the Volume, and occasionally to 
the Number of the Page of Prefaces and Appendices, thus, p. viii., or pp. v.-xiv. ; 
or to the Number of the Appendix, thus, app. ii. ; and the Arabic Numerals to the 
Number of the Page. 

The — at the beginning of a line denotes the repetition of a word ; and in the 
case of Names, it includes both the Christian Name ami the Surname. 



I. -GENERAL. 



1. Associations, Institvtions, etc. 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, London, confer- 
ence of delegates of corresponding 
societies, Birmingham, 1886, report 
by G. A. Lebour, xxxvi. 61. 

— , — , Newcastle meeting, proposed, 
1862, xi. 7; 186.3, xii. 3, 18, 46, 69, 
87; xiii. 1, 3, 11; 1889, xxxviii. 47. 

Bristol Mining School, transactions 
presented, v. 26 ; proceedings pur- 
chased, viii. 20. 

Coal Exchange, London, museum, iii. 
371. 

Durham College of Science. Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, report of executive com- 
mittee, 1871, XX. p. ix. 

— , — , inaugural address, by the Very 
Rev. the Dean of Durham, xxi. app. 
21. 

— , — . report of council, xxii. p. vi. 

— . — , mining lecturer, xxix. 101. 

— , — , course of instruction for mining 
engineers, xxxviii. p. xiii. 

Ecole des Mines, Paris, museum, xxvii. 
280. 

Industrial school for miners and 
mechanics at Drifton, Luzerne 
County, Pennsylvania, by Oswald J. 
Heinrich, xxxi. abs. 13. " 



Institution of Civil Engineers, London, 
transactions presented, iv. 36. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 
London, meeting at Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, xviii. 151). 

Institution of Mining Engineers, New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, Mining Institu- 
tions of Great Britain, by T. \\'. 
Bunning, xxxvi. 167; discussion, 
xxxvi. 198. 

— , — , bye-laws, xxxviii. 76. 

— , — , preliminary meeting, London, 
xxxvii. 155. 

— , — , Sheffield meeting, xxxviii. 47. 

Konigliche Bergakademie zu Freiberg 
(Royal Mining Academy), Saxony, 
Official, xxxi. abs. 12. 

Literary and Philosophical Society, 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, transactions 
presented, i. 269; vote of thanks for 
use of rooms for period ending April, 
1872, xxi. 82. 

Mining record office, establishment pro- 
posed, by Wm. Green, jun., xii. 35; 
discussion, xi. 225. 

Museum of Practical Geology, London, 
transactions presented, iv. 36. 

Natural History Society of Northum- 
berland and Durham, transactions 
presented, i. 259; museum, v. 226; xi. 



The second editions of vols. i. and ii. have been indexed. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



i:):» 



4,57, 59; joint imisouin, ix. 141,252; 

xi. 4, 57, 59; xii. 44; liiianccH, xxv. 1. 
North of England Instiliite of Mining 

and Mccliiuiical lOnginoerH, Now- 
castle-vipon-Tyne, abstracts of foreign 

papers, xxxi. 75. 
— , — , account of the strata of Nortii- 

umberland and Durham, as proved 

by borings and sinkings, xiv. H, 27 ; 

xxii. 134; xxiii. 164; publisher to 

stereotype the pages, x.xvii. 141. 
— , — , accounts, ii. p. xv. ; iii. p. xiii. ; 

iv. p. xii. ; v. p. xii. ; vi. p. xii. ; vii. 

p. xii. ; viii. p. xvi. ; ix. p. xvi. ; xi. 

p. xiv. ; xii. p. xiv. ; xiii. p. x. ; xiv. 

p. X.; XV. p. X.; xvi. p. x.; xvii. p. 

x. ; xviii. p. xii.; xix. p. xiv.; xx. 

p. xiv. ; xxi. p. viii. ; xxii. p. x. ; 

xxiii. p. X. ; xxiv. p. x. ; xxv. p. x. ; 

xxvi. p. X.; xxvii. p. xii.; xxviii. p. 

xii.; xxix. p. xii.; xxx. p. xii.; xxxi. 

p. xii.; xxxii. p. xvi.; xxxiii. p. x. ; 

xxxiv. p. xii. ; xxxv. p. xii. ; xxxvi. 

p. X. ; xxxvii. p. x. ; xxxviii. p. viii. 
— , — , annual dinner, ii. 238 ; iv. 191 ; 

xxxi. 49. 
—, — , annual report of council, 1854, 

ii. p. vii. ; 1855, iii. p. vii. ; 1856, iv. 

p. vii.; 1857, v. p. vii.; 1858, vi. p. 

vii. ; 1859, vii. p. vii. ; 1860, viii. p. 

xi. ; 1861, ix. p. ix. ; 1862, xi. p. ix. ; 

1863, xii. p. ix. ; 1864, xiii. p. v. ; 1865, 

xiv. p. v.; 1866, xv. p. v. ; 1867, xvi. 

p. V. ; 1868, xvii. p. v. ; 1869, .xviii. p. 

v.; 1870, xix. p. v.; 1871, xx. p. v.; 

1872, xxi. p. V. ; 1873, xxii. p. v. ; 

1874, xxiii. p. v.; 1875, xxiv. p. v.; 

1876, xxv. p. V. ; 1877, xxvi. p. v. ; 

1878, xxvii. p. vii.; 1879, xxviii. p. 

vii.; 1880, xxix. p. v.; 1881, x.xx. p. 

v.; 1882, xxxi. p. vii.; 1883, xxxii. p. 

V. ; 1884, xxxiii. p. v. ; 1885, xxxiv. p. 

vii.; 1886, xxxv. p. vii.; 1887, xxxvi. 

p. v.; 1888, xxxvii. p. v.; 1889, 

xxxviii. p. iii. 
— , — , Boyd, E. F., illness, xxi. 287. 
— , — , bye-laws, i. 5, 9,269 ;ii. p. XXV., 77 ; 

iii. p. xxiii., 3, 235, 374; iv. p. xxiii., 

123, 139, 261; v. p. xxv., 1, 64, 161, 

225, 228; vi. p. xxv., 1, 197; vii. p. 

XXV., 180, 181; viii. p. x.x.xi., 18, 19, 

178; ix. p. xxxii.,, 53, 231, 254; x. p. 

xxii.: xi. p. xxx., 209, 211, 223; xii. 

p. xxix., 92, 147; xiii. p. xxix., 215; 

xiv. p. xxix., 1. 7, 136; xv. p. xxix., 

3; xvii. 35; xviii. p. xxxix., 107, 127; 

xix. p. xl.; XX. p. xliii.; xxi. p. 

xxxviii.; xxii. p. xii.; xxiii. p. xiii.; 

xxiv. p. xiv. ; xxv. p. xlvii. ; .xxvi. p. 

Iv. ; xxvii. p. xlix. ; xxviii. p. xlix. ; 

xxix. p. xlvii. ; x.xx. p. xlviii. ; xxxi. 

p. xlvii.; xxxii. p. Ii. ; xxxiii. p. 

xiv. ; xxxiv. p. xiv. ; x.xxv. p. Ii. ; 

xxxvi. p. xliii. ; xxxvii. p. xliii. ; 

xxxviii. p. xl. ; colliery engineers' 

subscription, xxiii. 65 ; committee ap- 



pi)iiil( d, xii. 117;day<it li.eeting, xvi. 
127, 132; xxiv. 255; honorary mem- 
bers, xvi. 130; xvji. 2; xxi. 47, 82; 
xxv. 103, 141 ; number of nieetingH, 
xxxi. 49; objects, xvii. 21 ; oflicers, 
xvii. 21; president's term of office, 
xvi. 129; printing of papers in ad- 
vance, xvi. 131 ; proofs of discus- 
sions, xvii. 22; proposed, xxvi. 131, 
144; recognition of meclianical engi- 
neers, XV. 77, 164, 293; xvii. 105; 
xix. 99; revision committi-e, xix. 1; 
report, xix. 99; discussion, xix. KX) ; 
revision of nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 
16 proposed, xxxviii. 76a, adopted 
after amendment, xxxviii. 183. 

North of England Institute of Mining 
and Mechanical I^ngineers, New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, census statistics, 
Registrar-general asked to add min- 
ing engineers to his statistics of 
occupations and ages, xxix. 103. 

— , — , changes of name, North of 
England Society for the Prevention 
of Accidents and for other Purposes 
connected with Mining, i. 2; North 
of England Society for the Preven- 
tion of Accidents in Mines and for 
the Advancement of Mining Science, 
i. 3; North of England Institute of 
Mining Engineers, i. 7 ; .xv. 79 ; North 
of England Institute of Mining and 
Meclianical Engincrs, xi.x. 99. 

— , — , coal-cutting committee, xiv. 129, 
135; xvi. 1 ; xix. 58. 

— , — , Cochrane, W., vote of thanks 
to, for acting as honorary secretary 
of Manchester meeting, xiv. 111. 

— , — , deaths, William Anderson, xii. 
3; T. E. Harrison, .x.xxvii. 132: 
Parker Jeffcock (and the Accidental 
Insurance Company), xvi. 130; 
Jossph Locke, ix. 1; Robert Step- 
henson, viii. 8; Thomas John Taylor, 
ix. 142, 234; Nicholas Wood, xv. 43; 
John Thomas Woodhouse, xxviii. 70. 

— , — , donations, aluminium safety- 
lamp, Isaac Lowthian Ik-ll, ix. 255; 
pitman's shovel, C. Berkley, xiii. 
201 ; safety-lamp, self-extinguishing, 
Peter Bourne, xii. 43; books, E. 
F. Boyd, iv. 265; Zeitschrift fiir 
das Herg- Hutten-und Salinen-wtsen 
im Preussischen Staate. Rudolf von 
Carnall, viii. 54; ix. 83; fossils, 
Philip Cooper, xi. 177; photographs 
of collieries, John Daglish, vii. 181; 
water-gauge. John Daglish, xiv. 130: 
A View of the Coal Trade of the 
North of England, Matthias Dunn, 
iii. 371: Treatise on the Winning 
and Working of Collieries, Matthias 
Dunn, iii. 371 ; books, Matthias 
Dunn, iv. 140; pRmphlet, Matthias 
Dunn, xi. 212; model of a nuUteable- 
iron beam, Cambois colliery, (!. B. 



200 



SlIl.rKCT-MATIhat INDEX To TRANSACTIUN! 



Forsii-r, XVI. 12>; model (if a flip 
pulU-y, T. [•;. KorstcT. xvi. i;i.l; 
Indian coal and iiick. .). H. (Jrant, 
xi\. -Ml; Mint' l^nffint-tTinp, (i. C. 
(JretMiwell. iii. 22i) ; (Ji<ilo}fital Sur- 
vey of Canada publication, Kdward 
Hjirtlev. xix. 91 ; safety-lamp, 
Samuel Hipps, jun.. xvii. 1 ; safety- 
lamp, — .JoncM, xi. I.V.); The ('oal- 
viewer and Knginc-iuilder's Prac- 
tical Companion. (ieorgc May, 
xxxi. 49: section of the coal and 
ironstone meiwures of the county 
of Lanarkshire, Sc<ttland, Kalph 
Moore, iii. 'Z'-io; Ventilation of 
Mines, l{alj)li Moore, viii. 4; safety- 
lamps, James A. Richmond Morison, 
xviii. 2: section of the strata sunk 
through at the King pit, Sheriff Hill 
colliery, Stephen Reed. iv. 107; lig- 
nite and jianiffin from Upper Rhine, 
Dr. Richardson, ix. 71 ; Chemical 
Technologv, T. Rich; rdson, iv. 4; 
maps ancJ ph'ns of Prussia, — 
Schiller, xii. 45: i.*2(), Edward 
Shipperdson, i. 7: model of a safety- 
cage, Thomas Sopwith, xiii. 13; 
i;2(XJ0, Robert Stephenson, viii. 8, 
172: ix. 1, 15, 5.3; xi. 223: xii. 12; 
History of Coal and Mining, 21 
volumes and 1 portfolio, Thomas 
John Taylor, i. 271; bust of Thomas 
John Taylor, ix. 255; safety-lamp, 
W. E. Teale, xvii. 1 ; William Wat- 
son papers, John Watson, xvii. 53. 

North of England Institute of Mining 
and Mechanical Engineers, New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, election of officers, 
1852-53, i. 7; 1853-54, i. 273; 
1854-55, ii. 249; 1855-56, iii. 374; 
1856-57, iv. 263; 1857-58, v. 225; 
1858-59, vi. 197; 1859-60, vii. 183; 
1860-61, viii. 175; ix. 54, 247; 
1861-62, ix. 256; 1862-63, xi. 225; xii. 
17. 42; 1863-64, xii. 148; 1864-65, 
xiii. 215; 1865-66, xiv. 1.36; xv. 75; 
1866-67, XV. 299; 1867-68, xvi. 129; 
1868-69, xvii. 114; xviii. 85; 1869-70, 
xviii. 149; 1870-71, xix. 187; 1871-72, 
XX. 218; xxi. 83; 1872-73, xxi. 287, 
298; 1873-74, xxii. 151; 1874-75, 
xxiii. 176; 1875-76, xxiv. 255; xxv. 
39; 1876-77. xxv. 249; 1877-78, xxvi. 
159; 1878-79, xxvii. 296: 1879-80, 
xxviii. 2.35; 1880-81, xxix. 241 ; 1881- 
82, XXX. 269; 1882-83, xxxi. 209; 
xxxii. 59; 1883-84, xxxii. 369; 1884- 
85, xxxiii. 237; 1885-86, xxxiv. 263; 
1886-87, XXXV. 221; 1887-88, xxxvi. 
200; 1888-89, xxxvii. 219; 1889-90, 
xxxviii. 219. 

— , — , exchanges, Annales des Travaux 
Publics de Belgique, xiii. 204; Geo- 
logical Society of London, viii. 85; 
Geologists Association, London, viii. 
3; Manchester Geological .Society, 



viii. 20 : Revue I'niverscllo des Mines, 
xiii. 92; .Societc des liigcnicwrs sortis 
dc ri)colc Proviniiaic d'lndustric et 
des Mines dii Hainaut, xiii. 13, 91 ; 
Wigan Mining School, viii. 3. 
North of England Institute of Mining 
and Mechanical llnginoors, Ncw- 
ca8tle-u|>on-Tyne, 
ings, ix. 13, 34; 
68, 84. 141, 227, 
247; Mancheciter 
1. 8, 27, 37 
(ilasgow, xix. 



excursion meet- 

Hirmingham. ix. 

253; X. 1, 243, 

xiii. 216; xiv. 

67, 91, 101, 107; 

89, 190; Newcastle- 



1862, 


xi. 


P- 


xii. ; 


1864, 


xiii 


P- 


ix. ; 


1866, 


XV. 


P- 


ix. ; 


1868, 


xvii 


P 


ix.; 


1870 


xix 


P- 


vii.; 


1872, 


xxi. 


P- 


vii.; 


.; 1874, 


xxiii. p. 


. viii. 


; 1876, 


xxv. 



upon-Tyne, xxi. 113, 221, 249; ex- 
penses fund, xxi. 157; Cardiff, xxiii. 
177, 257; Leeds, xxv. 11; London, 
xxv. 189; Douai, France, xxvii. 245; 
Cleveland, xxxi. 1 ; Harrow, xxxii. 
223; Cumberland, xxxiii. 121; New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, 1887, Exhibition, 
XXXV. 1,2; xxxvi. 125, 201 ; Scot- 
land, xxxvii. 195. 

— , — , finance committee, elected by 
council, viii. 178; ix. 2; duties, ix. 
2; report, 1854, i. p. xiii.; 1855, iii. 
p. xi.; 1856, iv. p. x. ; 1857, v. p. x. ; 
1858, vi. p. xi.; 1859, vii. p. xi.; 
1860, viii. p. xiv.; 1861, ix. p. 
xiv.; special, ix. 65; discussion of 
special, ix. 231 ; 
1863, xii. p. xii. ; 
1865, xiv. p. ix. ; 
1867, xvi. p. ix. ; 
1869, xviii. p. vii. ; 
1871, XX. p. viii. ; 
1873, xxii. p. viii 
ix. ; 1875, xxiv. p. 
p. viii.; 1877, xxvi. p. viii.; 1878, 
xxvii. p. ix.; 1879, xxviii. p. ix. ; 
1880, xxix. p. ix. ; 1881, xxx. p. ix.; 
1882, xxxi. p. ix. ; 1883, xxxii. p. 
vii. ; 1884, xxxiii. p. vii. ; 1885, xxxiv. 
p. X. ; 1886, XXXV. p. ix. ; 1887, xxxvi. 
p. viii.; 1888, xxxvii. p. viii.; 1889, 
xxxviii. p. vii. 

— , — , ffameless explosives committee, 
report of the proceedings, pp. vii. 
and 136. 

— , — , Fossil Flora of Great Britain ; or 
figures and descriptions of the vege- 
table remains found in a fossil state 
in this country, by John Lindley and 
William Hutton, viii. 85: xi. 139; 
ilhistrative fossils, iii. 373; v. 64, 
161, 225; viii. 172; report on present 
(1875) condition of Hutton collection 
of fossils, xxv. 1 ; report on the Hut- 
ton collection of fossils, xxxii. 179. 

—,—, founded, July 3rd, 1852, i. 1; 
report of committee, i. 3; x. 3; xv. 
54, 246. 283; xviii. 20; xxi. 230; 
XXXV. 241; xxxviii. 434. 

— , — , Geological survey of Great Bri- 
tain, purchase of maps, viii. 171 ; ix. 54. 

— , — , Hunt, Robert, compiler of Min- 
eral Statistics, testimonial, vii. 181. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



201 



North of England Instituto of Mining 
and Mcciiuuieal l^ngincors, New- 
castle - upon - Tyne, Industrial Re- 
sources of the Tyne, Wear and 'fees, 
Ijerniission to reprint papers from 
transactions, xiii. I'-i. 

— , — , incoi'poration by Koyal eliarier, 
suggested, xxi. 72; charter, xxi. 
289; xxii. 2, 23; granted, xxvi. 53; 
reprint, xxvi. p. xlix. ; xxvii. p. 
xliii. ; xxviii. p. xliii.; xxix. p. xli.; 
XXX. p. xli.; xxxi. p. xli.; xxxii. p. 
xlv. ; xxxiii. p. xxxix. ; xxxiv. p. 
xxxix.; XXXV. p. xlv.; xxxvi. p. 
xxxvii. ; xxxvii. p. xxxvii. ; xxxviii. 

p. XXXV. 

— , — , investments. Institute and Coal 
Trade Chambers ComjDany, Limited, 
xxii. 134; xxiii. 163. 

— , — , library, catalogue, vii. 180; viii. 
199; ix. 257; x. 253; xi. 239; xii. 
219; xiii. 231 ; xiv. 141 ; xviii. appen- 
dix; xix. appendix; xxii. appendix; 
Parliamentary papers, iii. 320, 341; 
recommendation book, xv. 77 ; re- 
plenishing, V. p. iv.; reports of H.M. 
inspectors of mines, iii. 371. 

— , — , list of members, 1854, ii. p. lix. ; 
1855, iii. p. xvii.; 1856, iv. p. xvii. ; 
1857, v. p. XV.; 1858, vi. p. xvii.; 
1859, vii. p. xvii. ; 1860, viii. p. xxi. ; 
1861, ix. p. xxi. ; 1862, x. p. xi. ; 1862, 
xi, p. xix. ; 1863, xii. pp. xviii. and 
XX. ; 1864, xii. pp. xiv. and xvi. ; 
1865, xiv. pp. xiv. and xvi.; 1866, 
XV. pp. xiv. and xvi.; 1867, xvi. pp. 
xiv. and xvi.; 1868, xvii. pp. xiv. 
and xvi. ; 1869, xviii. pp. xvi. and 
xviii. ; 1870, xix. pp. xviii. and xx. ; 
1871, XX. pp. XX. and xxii. ; 1872, 
xxi. pp. xiv. ana xvi. ; 1873, xxii. 
pp. xvi. and xviii.; 1874, xxiii. p];t. 
xvi. and xviii. ; 1875, xxiv. pp. xvi. 
and xviii. ; 1875, xxv. pp. xvi. and 
xviii. ; 1877, xxvi. pp. xviii. and xx. ; 
1878, xxvii. pp. xviii. and xx. ; 1879, 
xxviii. pp. xviii. and xx. ; 1880, 
xxix. pp. xviii. and xx. ;1881, xxx. 
pp. xviii. and xx. ; 1882, xxxi. pp. 
xviii. and xx. ; 1883, xxxii. pp. xxii. 
and xxiv.; 1884, .xxxiii. pp. xviii. 
and XX. ; 1885, xxxiv. pp. xviii. and 
XX. ; 1886, XXXV. pp. xviii. and xx. ; 
1887, xxxvi. pp. xvi. and xviii. ; 1888, 
xxxvii. pp. XV. and xviii. ; 1889, 
xxxviii. pp. XV. and xviii. 

— , — , mechanical ventilators, com- 
mittee appointed. April 13th, 1878; 
report, xxx. 273. 

— , — , mechanical ventilators: joint 
committee of the North of England 
Institute of Mining and Mechanical 
Engineers; the Midland Institute of 
Mining, Civil and Mechanical Engi- 
neers; and the South Wales Institute 
of Engineers, jjreliminary meeting, 
xxxvii. 181 ; observations to be made 



and instructionH to engineers, xxxvii. 

189. 

North of England Institute of Mining 
and Mccluinical l\ngiuccrH, N'cw- 
ca.stlc-upon-Tync, mining coHcge 
proposed, i. 217; discussion, i. 222, 
269; ii. 48, 75, 91; iii. ,56, 223, 
341; iv. 3, 31, 36, 107; v. 25, 63, 
131, 143, 147; vi. 200; vii. .30. 169, 
182; viii. 20; ix. 86, 229, 251; xi. 
219; XV. 57, 250, 292; xix. 56; 
XX. 112, 219; x.xi. 226, 232, 237; 
prospectus of a college of practical 
mining and manufacturing science 
proposed to be established at New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, with plans and 
view of building, iv. 23 ; report of 
committpe, vii. 171: committee ap- 
pointed (Sir Lowthian Bell, IJart., 
Edward Fenwick Boyd, Sir George 
Elliot, Bart., Thomas Emerson For- 
ster, James Morrison and John 
Straker), xix. 40; T. Y. Hall scholar- 
ship, xix. 188. 

— , — , motto, xix. 42. 

— , — , museum for models, viii. 172. 

— , — , officers, 1852-53, i. p. viii.; 1854- 
55, ii. p. xviii. ; 1855-56, iii. p. xvi. ; 
1856-57, iv. p. xvi.; 1857-58, v. p. 
xiv.; 1858-59, vi. p. xvi.; 1859-60, 
vii. p. xvi. ; 1860-61, viii. p. xx. ; 
1861-62, ix. p. XX.; 1862-63, x. p. x.; 
1862-63, xi. p. xviii. ; 1863-64, xii. p. 
xix.; 1864-65, xii. p. xv.; 1865-66, 
xiv. p. XV. ; 1866-67, xv. p. xv. ; 
1867-68, xvi. p. xv. ; 1868-69, xvii. p. 
XV. ; 1869-70, xviii. p. xvii. ; 1870-71, 
xix. p. xix.; 1871-72, xx. p. xxi.; 
1872-73, xxi. p. xv. ; 1873-74, xxii. p. 
xvii. ; 1874-75, xxiii. p. xvii. ; 1875-76, 
xxiv. p. xvii. ; 1876-77, xxv. p. xvii. ; 
1877-78, xxvi. p. xix. ; 1878-79, xxvii. 
p. xix.; 1879-80, xxviii. p. xix.; 
1880-81, xxix. p. xix.; 1881-82, xxx. 
p. xix.; 1882-83, xxxi. p. xix.; 
1883-84, xxxii. p. xxiii. ; 1884-85, 
xxxiii. p. xix. ; 1885-86, xxxiv. p. 
xix. ; 1886-87, xxxv. p. xix. ; 1887-88, 
xxxvi. p. xvii.; 1888-89, xxxvii. p. 
xvii.; 1889-90, xxxviii. p. xvii. 

— , — , offices, i. 269; ii. 1, 11, 47, 234. 

— . — , patrcns. Bishop of Durham, v. 
144; Earl Vane, £10 10s., xv. 294; 
Duke of Cleveland, xvii. 55; 1853, i. 
p. vii. ; 1854, ii. p. xvii. ; 1855. iii. p. 
XV. ; 1856, iv. p. xv. ; 1857, v. p. 
xiii.; 1858, vi. p. xv. ; 1859, vii. p. 
XV.; 1860, viii. p. xix.; 1861. ix. p. 
xix.; 1862, x. p. ix. ; 1862. xi. p. 
xvii. ; 1863, xii. p. xvii. ; 1864. xiii. 
p. xiii. ; 1865, xiv. p. xiii. : 1866, xv. 
p. xiii.; 1867, xvi. p. xiii.; 1868, 
xvii. p. xiii.; 1869. xviii. p. xv.; 
1870, xix. p. xvii.: 1871. xx. p. xix.; 
1872, xxi. p. xiii. ; 1873, xxii. p. xv. ; 
1874, xxiii. p. xv. ; 1875. xxiv. p. 
XV. ; 1876, xxv. p. xv. : 1877, xxvi. p. 



201' 



SUHJKfT-MATTER INDEX TO TRANSACnOKS. 



xvii.; 1878, xxvii. p. xvii. ; 1879. 
xxviii. p. xvii.; 1880. xxix. p. xvii.; 
1881. XXX. p. xvii.; 1882. xxxi. p. 
xvii.; 18KJ. xxxii. p. xxi. ; 1884, 
x.xxiii. p. XV. ; 1885, xxxiv. p. xvii. ; 
1886. XXXV. p. xvii. ; 1887. xxxvi. p. 
XV. ; 1888, xxxvii. p. xv. ; 1889, 
xxxviii. p. XV. 

North of Kiigland IiiHtitiitc <»t Mining 
and .Mi'tlianiial lln^^iniiTs, Now- 
rastU'-upon-'ryni'. portrait. Nitliolas 
Wood. xiv. 1 ;}."). 

— , — .preininni of t'.j.OdO. ht-st mode of 
oniploying trartion undiTground. ix. 
89; J. M. Ogdon ofli-rs i.'jdO. ix. 89. 

— _ _.. pri'vi-ntion of sinoke, diHcussion, 
xvii. 6.}. 6(5; committee appointed, 
xvii. 7ti. 

— , — , Prince Consort, death of, xi. 99. 

— , — .prizes for papers, suggested, 
.vxii. 2; report of secretary, xxxii. p. 
viii.; awards, 187:}, xxxii. p. ix.; 
1874. xxxii. p. ix. ; 1875. xxxii. p. 
X.; 1876, xxxii. p. x. ; 1877, xxxii. p. 
xi.; 1878, xxxii. p. xi. ; 1879, xxxii. 
p. xii.; 1880, xxxii. p. xii. ; 1881, 
xxxii. p. xii. ; 1882, xxxiii. p. viii. ; 
1883, xxxiii. p. viii.; 1884, xxxv. p. 
X. ; 1885. xxxv. p. x. 

— , — , purchases, stiain indicator and 
dynamometer, xvi. 5; instruments 
for tail-rope committee, xvi. 41. 

— , — , safety-lamps, committee ap- 
pointed, xii. 74; committee re-ap- 
pointed, xvii. 4; discussion, xvi. 91; 
xvii. 1, 2, .3.3, 60; report of commit- 
tee appointed to test safety-lamps. 
xvii. 5; second report, xvii. 37. 

. , — , secretary, .xi. 6; remuneration, 

ix. 233. 252; xi. 6; xii. 145; xvi. 23; 
Edward Sinclair, i. 2; Thomas 
Doubleday, ii. 249; pension, .vvi. 
101; assistant, Richard Howse. xiii. 
p. XV. ; xvi. 130 ; Theodore Wood 
Bunning, xvi. 128; resignation, 
xxxvii. 54; presentation, xxxvii. 129. 

— , — , St-ephenson centenary, xxx. 133. 
— ^ — .subscribing firms, i. 215, 232; 

iv. 3. 
— ^ — ^ suggestions for the enlargement 
of the sphere and objects of the min- 
ing institute, by William Green, 
jun., xii. 35; di.scussion, xi. 225. 
— , — , technical education, George 
Elliot, Isaac Lowthian Bell and W. 
Cochrane, requested to give evidence, 
xvii. 65, 77; discussion, xvii. 95; 
committee appointed, xvii. 113; re- 
port of committee, xviii. pp. ix., 7; 
xix. p. ix. ; discussion, xviii. 3, 149; 
xix. 188. 
— , — , transactions, i. 7; ii. 2, 47, 48; 
iii. 3. 27; advertizing, iii. 27, 2.35; 
iv. 262; copies printed, vii. 180; 
plates, uniform method of prepar- 
ing, ix. 255; printing, vi. 198; vii. 



1, 27; xi. 57; xii. 45; reiiorting, viii. 
173; xi. 177; xv. 47; reprinting, vii. 
179; xii. 45, 16; xiv. 97; .xxi. 288: 
reprinting of paprra, xvi. 1. 

Nortii of I'.ngland Institute of Mining 
and Mechanical l^ngineers, New- 
castle-npini-Tyne, treasurer, ICdward 
Fenwick Hoyd, i. p. viii.; presenta- 
tion of transactions, xi. 226. 

— , — , ventilation of mines, committep 
api^ointed to make experiments, iv. 
21, 32; xii. 17. 

— , — ,Wood Memorial Hall and offices, 
committee appointed, xvi. 41, 107, 
1.30; rejjort of committee, xvii. jj. 
xxxix., 31. 55, 60; I'ease & I'art- 
ners, donation of £100, xvii. 41, 42; 
committee of arrangement with 
Literary and Philosophical Society, 
appointed, xix. 58; report, xix. 72; 
discussed, xix. 73; report of com- 
mittee as to cost and estimates for 
furnishing, xx. 113. 

School of Mines, Liege, by Paul 'i'ras- 
enster, xxxiii. abs. 86. 

2. Education. 

Prospectus of a college of practical 
mining and manufacturing science 
proposed to be established at New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, with plans and 
view of Ijuilding, iv. 23; report of 
committee, vii. 171. 

Mining schools in Prussia, Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 32. 

Industrial school for miners and 
mechanics at Drifton, Luzerne 
county. Pennsylvania, U.S.A., by 
Oswald J. Heinrich, xxxi. abs. 13. 

Publicity or secrecy of examinations 
[under the Coal-mines Regulation 
Act], by R. F. Martin, xxi v. .39; dis- 
cussion, xxiv. 42; memorial to 
Home Secretary in favour of dis- 
continuance of secrecy, xxiv. 45. 

Summer school of practical mining 
(School of Mines, New York City), by 
Henry S. Munroe, xxxi. abs. 1.3. 

Konigliche Bergakademie zu Freiberg 
(Roval Mining Academy, Saxony\, 
Official, xxxi. abs. 12. 

American mining schools, by Prof. R. 
H. Richards, xxxvi. abs. 52. 

School of mines, Liege, by Paul 
Trasenster, xxxiii. abs. 86. 

Education of the mining engineer, by 
John Young, xxi. 21; discussion, 
xxi. .32. 

3. EXCUBSIONS. 

British Salt Company, Northwich. xiv. - 

111. 
Channel tunnel works, xxxii. 55. 
Hury reservoir, xxxiv. 255. 
Kirkless Hall Coal and Iron Company, 

xiv. 110. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIir. 



2o;i 



Langlcy IJaroiiy Icad-nunoH, xxxi. 207. 
London and North-Wostorn Railway 

Company, Crewe, xiv. 110. 
Marston, salt works, xiv. ill. 
Eyhope colliery, xvi. 128. 
Seaham Harbour, xvii. 95. 
Thompson & Soji, Northwich, rock and 

white salt works, xiv. 111. 

4. Exhibitions. 
London International Exhibition, 

1862, xi. 1, 159; ol)servations on the 

mineral section, by Nicholas Wood, 

xi. 227. 
Madrid, mining exhibition, by Roman 

Oriol, xxxiii. abs. 46. 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Jubilee 1887 ex- 
hibition, proposed, xxxv. 1. 

— , , coal-mine, xxxvi. 222. 

— , , exhibits of different sys- 

tons of mine-haulage, by J. T. 

Cackett and B. McLaren, xxxvii. 85. 

— , , lead-mine, xxxvi. 223. 

— . , by A. Habets, xxxviii. abs. 

24. 
— , , by E. Mezzena, xxxvii. abs. 

1. 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., 

international exhibition of arts and 

manufactures, xxv. 101. 

5. Memoirs. 
Forster, Thomas Emerson, by G. C. 

Greenwell, xxv. 5; discussion, xxv. 

10. 
Locke, Joseph, by Nicholas Wood, ix. 

56. 



Sojjwilh, Thomas, by ThoH. .J. Ucwick, 
xxix. 105. 

.Stephenson [George and Robert], 
father and son, by N. Wood, viii. 33. 

Taylor, Thomas John, by NicholaH 
Wood, ix. 2:}7. 

Wood, Nicholas, by Thomas Double- 
day, XV. 49. 

6. Presfdektial Addkkssek. 
Armstrong, Sir W. G., coal, xxii. .39; 

discussion, xxii. 57. 
Bell, Bart., Sir Lowthiau, xxxvi. 131; 

discussion, xxxvi. 160. 
Boyd, E. F., xviii. 153; xix. 41; xx. 

219; opening of Wood Memorial 

Hall, xxi. 223; discussion, xx. 222; 

xxi. 235. 
Daglish, John, xxxv. 223; discussion, 

xxxv. 244. 
Elliot, Bart., Sir George, xviii. 19. 
Forster, G. B., xxxi. 123; discussion, 

xxxi. 143. 
Forster, T. E., xv. 283. , 
Greenwell, G. C, retrospect of past 26 

years, xxviii. 197; discussion, xxviii. 

208; XXX. 269. 
Marley, John, xxxviii. 29; discussion, 

xxxviii. 45. 
Wood, Bart., Sir Lindsay, xxv. 189; 

discussion, xxv. 198. 
Wood, Nicholas, i. 13, 271; v. 226; 

X. 3. 

7 Miscellaneous. 
Organic matter forming in a coal-pit, 
by — de Groussouvre, xxxiv. abs. 22. 



IL— GEOLOGY. 



1. General. 



a. — Stratified Bocks. 
Origin of coal, by Theodore Virlet 

d'Aoust, xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Origin of coal, by Frank Douville, 

xxxiv. abs. 16. 
Formation of gold nuggets and placer- 
deposits, by Dr. T. Egleston, xxxi. 

abs. 42. 
Carbonization of .oak, by Henri 

Fayol, xxxvi. abs. 1. 
Origin of coal, by Henri Fayol xxxvii. 

abs. 47. 
Formation of coal, by — Fremy, xxxv. 

abs. 33. 
Origin of coal, by C. Grand'Eury, 

xxxiii. abs. 19. 
Origin and "formation of coal, by 

William Green, jun., xi. 163. 
Supplementary extracts and remarks 

upon the origin and formation of 

coal, by William Green, jun., xii. 31. 
Vegetable origin of coal, by Leo 

Lesquereux, xxxvii. abs. 89. 



Considerations upon the relative ages 
of coal-formations, and comparative 
discussions on their co-formation in 
Britain and elsewhere, with other 
facts, by P. S. Reid, viii. 185; dis- 
cussion, xi. 139. 

Origin of coal, by the Marquis de 
Saporta, xxxiv. abs. 16. 

Metamorphism in coal, by V. \\ at>- 
teyne, xxxiv. abs. 37. 

b. — Mineral Vein.<. 

Formation of mineral veins, by Ernest 

Chabrand, xxxv. abs. 3. 
Origin of mineral veins, by Prof. 

Joseph Le Coute. xxxiii. abs. 54. 
Origin of sulphide-veins, by Dr. — 

Fleitmann, xxxiii. abs. 10. 
Classification of ore-deposits, by A. 

von Groddeck, xxxiv. abs. 66. 
Study on faults: is a faulted fissure 

always the oldest, by Carl Heurich, 

xxxviii. abs. 56. 
Formation of mineral veins, by 

Fridolin Sandberger. xxxv. abs. 3. 



20 4 



SUUJKtT-MATTKU l.NDKX To TUANSACTIONS. 



Popular errors iih to motalliforous de; 
posits. Jiy Alhort Williams, jiin.. 
xxxv. uliH. 29. 

r. — Srifmnloijij. 

Surfjui' i>arth(|uaki'H in the north of 
I'ranri', tiy 'I in'odon- Virlt-t d'Aouat, 
x.ixv. al)s. \\\. 

Observation of earth-shakes or tremors, 
in order to foretell the issue of sud- 
den outbursts of lire-damp, by M. 
Walton Hrown. xxxiii. 179; discus- 
sion, xxxiii. Irt.}; xxxiv. 1B8. 

Account of cxperinientw in France 
upon the jjossible connection be- 
tween movements of the earth's 
crust and the issues of gases in 
mines, l>y M. Walton lirown, xxxvi. 
4;{ ; discussion, xxxvi. 45, H(i, 120. 

Hejxirt of the committee apjiointed to 
inquire into the observations of 
earth-tremors with the view of deter- 
mining their connection, if any, 
with the issue of gas in mines, by 
M. Walton Hrown, xxxvii. 55; dis- 
cussion, xxxvii. 64. 

Influence of seismic movements upon 
the evolution of gas, by — Clermont, 
xxxvi. abs. 43. 

Earth(|uake8 and fire-damp in mines, 
by F. A. Forel, xxxviii. abs. 18. 

Eartlujuakes in French mines, by — 
F"ran(;ois, xxxviii. abs. 18. 

Sonora earthquake, of May 3rd, 1887, 
Mexico, by G. E. Goodfellow, xxxvi. 
abs. 44. 

Influence of rapid falls of the baro- 
meter upon earthquakes and erup- 
tive phenomena, by F. Laur, xxxiv. 
abs. 72. 

Bengal earthquake of July 14tli, 1885, 
by H. B. Medlicott, xxxv. abs. 34. 

Earth-tremors, by — Primat, xxxviii. 
abs. 46. 

Instructions for earthquake observers, 
by Prof. E. de Eossi, xxxiv. abs. 76. 

d. — Earlh-ti'in itcraturc 

Temperature of strata at the Adalbert 
shaft, Przibram, Anon., xxxiii. abs. 
11. 

Underground temperature and tun- 
nels, by Dr. August Bohm, xxxiiii. 
abs. 108. 

Underground temperature in Java, by 
J. PTi. Emerling, xxxiv. abs. 42. 

Underground temperature in the Arl- 
berg tunnel, by H. B. Von Foullon, 
xxxiv. abs. 35. 

Underground temperature and tun- 
nels, by Gustav Koch, xxxiii. abs. 
108. 

Present state of our knowledge of 
underground temperature, with 
special reference to the nature of 
the experiments still required in 



order to improve that method, by G. 
A. Lebour, xxxi. 59; discussion, 
XXX i. 71, 204. 

Underground temperature in connec- 
tion with the ."^imijlon tunnel in the 
Alps, Italy, by G. T. Lommel, xxxi. 
abs. 44. 

Underground tenii)erature and tun- 
nels, by (i. Hevaux, xxxiii. ;il)s. 
108. 

Increase of temperature in the interior 
of mountains, by Dr. F. M. Stapfl, 
xxxi. abs. 44. 

Results of observations ut underground 
tem])erature during the construction 
of the St. (jothard tunnel, by Dr. F. 
M. Stapff, xxxiii. 1!). 

Underground temperature in the Arl- 
berg tunnel, by (". J. Wagner, xxxiv. 
abs. 35. 

Temperature of the Arlberg tunnel, by 
C. J. Wagner, xx.xvii. abs. 61. 

e. — M ifcellaneous. 
Geology in some of its practical 

aspects, by Prof. David Page, xxi. 

241 ; discussion, xxi. 247. 
Observations on underground water, 

by O. Smreker, xxxiii. abs. 86. 

2. Specific Geology and Mineral 
Deposits. 

a. — General. 

h. — Great Britain. 

Presidential address on " coal," by Sir 
W. G. Armstrong, xxii. 39; discus- 
sion, yxii. 57. 

Duration of the coal of Great Britain 
and Ireland, by G. C. Greenwell, 
xxxii. 135; discussion, xxxii. 213. 

Iron-ores of the English secondary 
rocks, by J. D. Kendall, xxxv. 105. 

England. 
Cumberland. 

Coal-fields of Cumberland, and the 
probability of coal being found under 
the new red sandstone which sur- 
rounds the city of Carlisle, by 
Matthias Dunn, viii. 141; discus- 
sion, ix. 54; xi. 60, 179, 195. 

Probable extension of the coal-field 
under the new red sandstone of 
Cumberland, by Matthias Dunn, 
xiii. 87; discussion, xiii. 166, 202. 

Border districts of Dumfriesshire, 
Cumberland, and part of Roxburgh- 
shire, including the coal-forhialion 
of Canonbie, etc., by Edmund Gib- 
sone, xi. 65: discussion, xi. 60, 188, 
194, 196. 

Carboniferous rocks of Cumberland 
and north Lancashire or Furness, 
by J. D. Kendall, xx.xiv. 125 ; dis- 
cussion, xxxiv. 136. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIl. 



206 



Hematite deposits of west (hiniher- 
land, by J. D. Kendall, xxviii. 109; 
discussion, xxviii. 219; xxx. ll.i; 
xxxi. 47; xxxii. 360. 

Hematite deposits of west Ciiniher- 
land : supplementary paper, by .1. D. 
Kendall, xxz. 27; discussion, xxx. 29, 
113; xxxi. 47; xxxii. 360. 

Structure of the Cumberland coal-field, 
by J. D. Kendall, xxxii. 319; dis- 
cussion, xxxii. 357; xxxiii. 121. 
Durham. 

An account of the strata of Northum- 
berland and Durham, as proved by 
borings and sinkings, vol. i. (A-B), 
293 pages; vol. ii. (C-E), 332 pages; 
vol. iii. (F-K), 329 pages; vol. iv. 
(L-E), 334 pages; vol. v. (S-T), 360 
pages ; vol. vi. (U-Z), 238 pages. 
Price to members, volumes i. to vi., 
21s., or bound in full cloth, in three 
volumes, 30s. ; single vohiines, 5s. 
each ; post free 4d. per volume extra. 
To non-members, volumes i. to vi., 
45s., or bound in full cloth, in three 
volumes, 54s. ; single volumes, 7s. 6d. 
each ; post free 4d. per volume extra. 

Manufacture of iron in connection 
with the Northumberland and Dur- 
ham coal-field, by I. Lowthian Bell, 
xiii. 109; discussion, xiv. 9, 27. 

Notes on the Seaton Carew boring, by 
W. J. Bird, xxxviii. 21. 

A wash or drift through a portion of 
the coal-field of Durham, by Edward 
F. Boyd and Nicholas Wood, xiii. 69 ; 
discussion, xiii. 41, 158, 202; xiv. 2. 

Correlation of the coal-seams of the 
carboniferous - formation of the 
north of England, with some notes 
upon the probable duration of the 
coal-field, by M. Walton Brown, 
xxxvii. 3; discussion, xxxvii. 22, 123. 

Carboniferous limestone of south 
Durham and north Yorkshire, by 
AVilliam Cockburn, xxi. 251. 

Maguesian limestone of Durham, by 
John Daglish and G. B. Forster, xiii. 
205; discussion, xiii. 201; xiv. 27. 

Duration of the Northumberland and 
Durham coal-field", by G. C. Green- 
well, ii. 211. 

Extent and probable duration of the 
Northern coal-field ; with remarks 
on the coal-trade in Northumber- 
land and Durham, by T. Y. Hall, ii. 
103; appendices, ii. 261; iii. 375; 
discussion, ii. 101; iii. 4, 28, 226. 

Glaciation of the counties of Durham 
and Northumberland, by Eichard 
Howse, xiii. 169; discussion, xiii. 
166, 202. 

Boundary-line between tlie millstone 
grit and mountain limestone of 
the north of England, by Eichard 
Howse, xiv. 43 ; discussion, xiv. 70. 



Hreccia-gashes of the Durham couhI 
and some recent earth-shakeH at 
Sunderland, by G. A. Lebour, xxxiii. 
165; discussion, xxxiii. 174; xxxiv. 
167. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. M^rley, .J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discuH- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Considerations upon the relative ages 
of coal-formations, and comparative 
discussions on their co-formation in 
Britain and elsewhere, with other 
facts, by P. S. Eeid, viii. 185; dis- 
cussion, xi. 139. 

Variations in the faulting of coal, ob- 
served in the action of the same 
series of faults in three seams at 
Ecdheugh colliery, by T. O. Eobson, 
xxxviii. 49; discussion, xxxviii. 52. 

Geology of the Newcastle coal-field, by 
A. Soul)eiran, xxxiii. abs. 14. 

Interstratified bed of basalt at Hrowney 
colliery, by A. L. Steavenson, xxiii. 
160; discussion, xxiii. 160. 

Sinking through the magnesian lime- 
stone at the Sealiam and Seaton win- 
nings, near Seaham, by Nicholas 
Wood, v. 117. 

Upper and lower beds of coal in the 
counties of Northumberland and 
Durham, by N. Wood, xi. 101; dis- 
cussion, xi. 194, 196. 

Gloucestershire. 

Northern end of the Bristol coal-field, 
by Handel Cossham, x. 97; discus- 
sion, X. 113. 

Geology of the Bristol coal-field with 
special reference to the Gloucester- 
shire basin, by Walter Saise, xxvii. 
87; disciission, xxvii. 97. 
Kent. 

Channel tunnel, by Charles Tylden- 
Wright, xxxii. 3; discussion, x.xxii. 
16. 

Lancashire. 

Leading features of the Lancashire 
coal-field, by Joseph Dickinson, xv. 
13; discussion, xv. 15. 

Hematite deposits of Furness. by J. D. 
Kendall, xxxi. 211 ; discussion, xxxi. 
237. 

Carboniferous rocks of Cumberland 
and north Lancashire or Furness, 
by J. D. Kendall, xxxiv. 125; dis- 
cussion, xxxiv. 136. 

Lincolnshire. 

Beds of ironstone occurring in Lincoln- 
shire, by J. Daglish and E. Howse, 
xxiv. 23; discussion, xxiv. 31, 157. 
Middlesex. 

Coal under London, by Ad. Firket, 
xxxiii. abs. 27. 

NTorthumoerlaTid. 

An account of the strata of Northum- 
berland and Durham, as proved by 



206 



SUaJBCT-MATIEU INDEX T() TRANSACTIONS. 



borings nnd ttinkings, vol. i. (A-H). 
293 pupes; vol. ii. (C-Vl), M2 pages; 
vol. iii. (F-K), :V2*) pugi>H ; vol. iv. 
(L-R). XU pugi-H; vol. V. (S-'n. .360 
pupi'H; vol. vi. (C'-Z). 238 pages. 
Prui> to iiu>iiil)«TH. voluiiH'H i. to vi., 
21s.. or bound in lull clotli. in three 
volumoH, .'M)H. : Hinglf volumes, 58. 
eai-h ; post frei* U\ per volume extra. 
To non-members, volumes i. to vi., 
45n., or bound in full cloth, in three 
volumes, r)4s. . siiiple volumes, 78. 
tjd. eath ; |X)st tree Wl. per volume 
extra. 

Manufacture of iron in connec- 
tion with the Nortiiuniberland and 
Durham coal-held, by I. Lowthian 
IJell, xiii. 109: discussion, xiv. 9. 27. 

Part of the carboniferous or )nr)untain 
limestone teries of north Northum- 
berland, by E. F. Hoyd, ix. 185; dis- 
cussion, xi. 60, 196. 

Correlation of the coal-seams of tlie 
carboniferou.s-formation of the north 
of England, with some notes upon 
the prol)able duration of the coal- 
field. l)y M. Walton IJrown, xxxvii. 
3; discussion, xxxvii. 22, 123. 

Intrusion of the whin sill, by David 
Burns, xxvii. 73; discussion, xxvii. 
78. 297. 

Duration of the Northumberland and 
Durham coal-field, by G. C. Green- 
well, ii. 211. 

Extent and probable duration of the 
Northern coal-field, with remarks on 
the coal-trade in Northumberland 
and Durham, by T. Y. Hall, ii. 103; 
appeiidices, ii. 261; iii. 375; discus- 
sion, ii. 101; iii. 4, 28, 226. 

Glaciation of the counties of Durham 
and Northumberland, by Richard 
Howse, xiii. 169; discussion, xiii. 
166. 202. 

Boundary-line between the millstone 
grit aiid mountain limestone of the 
north of England, by Richard 
Howse, xiv. 43; discussion, xiv. 70. 

Harkess rocks near Bamburgh, by 
Mark Fryar and G. A. Lebour, xxvi. 
121 ; discussion, xxvi. 128. 

Peculiarities of the Tyne low main 
seam, by Thos. Grainge Hurst, viii. 
23; discussion, viii. 97. 

Geology of the Rcdesdale ironstone dis- 
trict, by G. A. Lebour, xxii. Ill; 
discussion, xxiii. 41. 

Little limestone and its accompanying 
coals in south Northumberland, by 
G. A. Lebour, xxiv. 73; discussion, 
xxiv. 80; XXV. 40, 46. 

Great and four-fathoms limestones 
and their associated beds in south 
Northumberland, by G. A. Lebour, 
xxiv. 133; discussion, xxiv. 145; xxv. 
40, 46. 



Divisions of the carboniferous system 
in Northumberland, by G. A. 
Lebour, xxv. 225; discussion, xxv. 
2.34; .xxvi. 48. 

Stonecroft and Settlingstones lead- 
mines, by G. A. Lebour, xxvii. 16. 

Sections of the carboniferous lime- 
stone series of Northumberland, by 
G. A. Lebour, xxviii. 3. 

Mineral resources of the country be- 
tween Rotlibury and Wooler, North- 
umberland, by G. A. Lebour, xxx. 
121; discussion, xxx. 126; xxxi. 
203. 

Great fault at Annstead, in north 
Northumberland, by G. A. Lebour, 
xxxiii. ()9; discussion, xxxiii. 80. 

Coal-milling, etc., in Northuml)erland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, .1. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Considerations upon the relative ages 
of coal-formations, and comparative 
discussions on their co-formation in 
Britain and elsewhere, with other 
facts, by P. S. Reid, viii. 185; dis- 
cussion, xi. 139. 

Geology of the Newcastle coal-field, 
by A. Soubeiran. xxxiii. abs. 14. 

Upper and lower beds of coal in the 
counties of Northumberland and 
Durham, by N. Wood, xi. 101; dis- 
cussion, xi. 194, 196. 
Somerset. 

Coal-field of east Somerset, by G. C. 
Greenwell, ii. 258; discussion, iii. 
28. 

Somerset section of the Bristol coal- 
field, by G. C. Greenwell, x. 105; 
discussion, x. 113. 

Geology of the Bristol coal-field, with 
special reference to the Gloucester- 
shire basin, by Walter Saise, xxvii. 
87; discussion, .xxvii. 97. 
.Sussex. 

Sub-wealden exploration, by W. Top- 
ley, xxiii. 185; discussion, xxiii. 160, 
188. 

Warwickshire. 

Warwickshire coal-field, by E. F. 
Melly, xxxiii. 151. 

Yorkshire. 

Remarks on the ore and ironstone of 
Rosedale Abbey, by Jos. Bewick, vi. 
15 ; discussion, vi. 13, 187. 

Carboniferous limestone of south Dur- 
ham and north Yorkshire, by 
William Cockburn, xxi. 251. 

Variations in thickness and character 
of the Silkstone and Barnsley coal- 
seams in the southern part of the 
Y''orkshire coal-field, and the prob- 
able manner in which these and simi- 
lar changes have been produced, by 
A. H. Green, xxv. 13; discussion, 
xxv. 20. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII, 



207 



Cleveland ironstone : outline of the 
main or thick stratified bed, its dis- 
covery, application and results, in 
connection with ironworks in the 
north of I'higland, by John Marlcy, 
V. 165; discussion, vi. 7, 187. 

Rock-salt in the new rod sandstone at 
Middlesbrough (including descrip- 
tion of Mather-and-Platt boring- 
machine), by John Marley, xiii. 17; 
discussion, xiii. 92, 106. 

Magnetic ironstone of Rosedale Abbey, 
Cleveland, by John Marley, xix. 193; 
discussion, xix. 199. 

Mineral resources of the Rosedale 
Abbey district, by Charles Parkin, 
xxxii. 43. 

Deposit of magnetic ironstone in Rose- 
dale, by Nicholas Wood, vii. 85 ; 
discussion, vii. 94; viii. 4. 

Irdaiid. 

Iron-ores of Antrim, by J. D. Kendall, 
XXX. 107; discussion, xxx. 113. 

Ferruginous beds associated with the 
basaltic rocks of north-eastern 
Ulster, in relation to Indian laterite, 
by F. R. Mallet, xxxii. abs. 1. 

Scotland. 

Carboniferous formation of Scotland, 
by James Geikie. xx. 131 ; discussion, 
XX. 155. 

Border districts of Dumfriesshire, 
Cumberland, and part of Roxburgh- 
shire, including the coal-formation 
of Canonbie, etc., by Edmund Gib- 
sone, xi. 65; discussion, xi. 60. 188, 
194, 196. 

Analysis of Ayrshire hematite, by 
Edward Sinclair, v. 10. 

Wales. 

South Wales coal-field, by Thomas 
Forster Brown, xxiii. 197. 

Flintshire cannel-seam, by Nathaniel 
R. Griffith, xix. 75 ; discussion, xix. 82. 

Occurrence of manganese ore in the 
Cambrian rocks of Merionethshire, 
by Edward HalsO, xxxvi. 103; dis- 
cussion, xxxvi. 116. 

Anthracite coal of South Wales, by E. 
F. Melly, xxxi. 175; discussion, xxxi. 
191. 

Mineral resoiirccs of Flintshire and 
Denbighshire, by J. J. Williams, 
XXV. 81. 

c. — Europe. 

Geiifral. 

European iron-ores and their origin, 
by Stephen Czyszkowski, xxxiv. abs. 
33. 

Mineral oils of Central Europe, by L. 
Piedboeuf, xxxiii. abs. 29. 



A UKlra-ll iiiKjani. 

Bohemia. 

Kaadcn-Koinotau tertiary beds, by H. 

Becker, xx.\iii. abs. 17. 
Bosnia. 
Manganese, by F. Pocch, xxxviii. abs. 

66. 

Carinthia. 
Minerals, by Prof. August Brunnlech- 

ner, xxxv. abs. 16. 
Gold, by Dr. Richard Canaval, xxxiv. 

abs. 62. 

Dalmatia. 
Coals of Istria and Dalmatia, by — 

Lodin, xxxiii. abs. 34. 
Galic^ia. 
Petroleum and ozokerite in eastern 

Galicia, by C. M. Paul, xxxii. abs. 3. 
Mineral oils of Central Europe, by L. 

Piedboeuf, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
Ozokerite in eastern Galicia, by Prof. 

F. Roemer, xxxvii. abs. 39. 
Boulders in coal in Austria, by D. 

Stur, xxxv. abs. 23. 
Petroleum and ozokerite in Galicia, 

by Leon Syroczynski, xxxv. abs. 9. 
Sulphur at Truskawiec, by Josef 

Wyczynski, xxxvii. abs. 61. 
Hungary. 
Mining, by Robert von Farkass, xxxv. 

abs. 26." 
Building-stones, by L. Loczy, xxxiv. 

abs. 32. 
Fire-clay, by J. Von Matyasovszky, 

xxxiv. abs. 23. 
Petroleum, by J. Noth, xxxiv. abs. 

64; xxxv. abs. 65. 
Building-stones, by Dr. Franz Schafar- 

zik, xxxiv. abs. 32. 
Geology of Schemnitz, by Dr. Josef 

Szabo, xxxv. abs. 58. 
Coal, by X., xxxiv. abs. 57. 

Istria. 
Coals of Istria and Dalmatia, by — 

Lodin, xxxiii. abs. 34. 
Lignites, by M. Przyborski. xxxiv. abs. 

64. 

Moravia. 
Manganese, by A. Rzehak, xxxv. abs. 

14. 

Styria. 
Fohnsdorf coal-field, by Carl Barth, 

xxxviii. abs. 50. 
Coal-measures of Styria, comparing 

the same with the counties of Dur- 
ham and Northumberland, and the 

United Kingdom, including a report 

on the mines of the Sann Thall, by 

Thos. v. Hall, iv. 55 ; discussion, 

iv. 36. 
Mammalian remains in Styrian coal, 

by Ad. Hofmann. xxxvii. abs. 61. 
Lignites, by — Smeysters, xxxiv. abs. 

14. 
Age of the Funfkirchen coal, by D. 

Stur, xxxvii. abs. 62. 



-'OH 



SflUECT-MATTER INDKX TO TRAXSAfTIONS. 



Traiisvlvaiiia. 
Oold-inininp, hy Edward II. I.ivcing, 

\.\xv. H\ ; (iisiussiiiii. xxxv. M'.i. 
Iron-ores of tin- Haiiat and Kllia, by 

\i. liotti, xxxvii. ahs. :U>. 
Cold-Miininjf. liy Josef Palflfy, xxxv. 

aba. 58. 

Tyrol. 
Ore-deposits of Kitzbiihol, by F. 

Posonnv, xxxi. abs. 37. 
Ciold-district of tlie Tauern Alps, by F. 

I'osi'piiy. xxxi. abs. .'38. 

Itilijitim. 
Natural pits in c-oal-mcasuros, by A. 

Hriart and F. L. Cornt't, translated 

by Jol-.n Hell Sinipsoji. xxiii. 67; 

disfiission, xxiii. 71, Ut2. 
rhosphatos, by E. Delvaux, xxxiv. abs. 

■M\. 
Manganese deposits, by G. Dewalque, 

xxxiv. abs. 37. 
Hatilu'ttine, by (i. Dewal(|uc, xxxiv. 

abs. 78. 
Central coal-field : chemical composi- 
tion of coals, by P. Dubar, xxxii. 

abs. 2K. 
Eoscarclies on the natural pits of 

Hainaut. with remarks on their pro- 
bable origin, by G. A. Lel)our, xxiii. 

95: discussion, xxiii. 102. 
Abnormal structure in coal at Vise, by 

Max Loliest, xxxv. abs. 57. 
Extension of Belgian coal-measures, 

by R. Malherbc, xxxiv. abs. 68. 
Hatchettine, by R. Malherbe, xxxiv. 

abs. 78. 
Lower coal-measures, by Dr. J. 0. 

Purves, xxxi. abs. 43. 
Geological survey, by A. Rutot, xxxiii. 

abs. Kl'i. 
Phosphatic deposits, by E. Solvay, 

xxxiii. abs. 18. 
Metamorphism in coal, by V. Wat- 

teyne, xxxiv. abs. 37. 
Bill (/aria. 
Toals, by C. Von John, xxxiii. abs. 20. 
Mineral resources, by Leon Thonard, 

xxxv. abs. 50. 

Francp. 
Manganesiferous iron-ore in the 

Pyrenees, by Theodore Virlet 

d'Aoust, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
Coal-field of Auzits in Aveyron, by J. 

Bergeron, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
Salt at Salies, Basses-Pyrenees, by 

Marcel Bertrand and — Chavanne, 

xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Phosphates at Beauval, Somme, by — 

Breton, xxxvii. abs. 70. 
Coal-measures of Anjou, by Ed. 

Bureau, xxxv. abs. 24. 
Manganesiferous iron-ores of Rancie, 

Ariege, by — Carcanagues, xxxiii. 

abs. no. 



Mineral rcsciurces of Vicnne, depart- 
ment of Isere, by J. CliansscUe, 

xxxv. abs. 29. 
Bauxite, by L. Collot, xxxvii. abs. 4. 
Auoin coal-fiold in Aveyron, by — 

Colrat, xxxii. abs. 53; xxxiii. abs. 20. 
Huelgoat mines in Brittany, by — 

Davy, xxxvii. abs. 7. 
Origin of certain manganese ores in 

Aipcs Maritiines, by — Dieulafait, 

xxxv. abs. 42. 
Inversion of strata in Ilerault, by G. 

Fabcr, xxxiv. abs. 14. 
Pebbles in the coal of Central France, 

l)y Henri Fayol, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Coal-formations of the AUier, by 

Henri Fayol, xxxvi. abs. 10. 
Origin of coal at Commentry, by 

licnri Fayol, xxxvii. abs. 47. 
Mure coal-field, Isere, by — Ferrand, 

xxxii. abs. 29. 
('oncealed coal-field in Isere, by F. 

Fontannes, xxxiv. abs. 25. 
Industrial map of the Gard coal-field, 

l)y — Garreau, xxxii. abs. 11. 
Iron-ores of Berry, etc.. Central 

France, by — de Crrossouvre, xxxvii. 

abs. 11. 
Alais coal-field, by — Lafitte, xxxv. 

abs. 31. 
Geological sketcii of the northern coal- 
fields, by Henry Laporte, xxvii. 143; 

discussion, xxvii. 162, 249. 
Influence of a low liaronicter upon th«» 

geyser at Montrond, Loire, by F. 

Laur, xxxii. abs. 84. 
Geological relations of secondary iron- 
ores, by G. A. Lebour, xxv. 59. 
Phosphates of the Somme, by Paul 

Levy, xxxvii. abs. 31. 
Tin deposits of Brittany, by — Lodin, 

xxxiv. abs. 45. 
Huelgoat mines in Brittany, by — 

Lukis, xxxvii. abs. 7. 
Mineral spring in the coal-measures, 

Gard, by — Parrain, xxxii. abs. 4. 
Permo-carboniferous rocks of Autun, 

Saono et Loire, by E. Roche, xxxii. 

abs. 5. 
Coal-fields of Pyrenees, by P. W. 

Stuart-Menteath, xxxii. abs. 4. 
Metallifero.us deposits of Western 

Pyrenees, by P. W. Stuart-Men- 
teath, xxxvi. abs. 38. 
Lignite basin of Fuveau, sotithern 

France, by — Villot, xxxiii. abs. 49. 
Boring for petroleum in southern 

France, by — Zipperlen, xxxv. abs. 

27. 

Germany. 
Alsatian petroleum-deposits, by A. 

Andreae, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Artesian wells in Saxony, by Dr. 

Richard Beck, xxxviii. abs. 13. 
Ironstone series of Lorraine, by — 

Bleicher, xxxiii. abs. 79. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXX VII I. 



■^W.) 



Waldenburg coal-field, Silesia, by L. 

Bochet, xxxvii. abs. 3. 
Boring at Schladebach, Durrenberg, 

Prussia, by E. Dunker, xxxviii. 

abs. 1. 
Boulders in Upper Silesian coal, by 

Dr. G. Giirich, xxxvii. abs. 62. 
Coal-fields, by Dr. E. Hinig, xxxv. abs. 

30. 
Coal in Bavaria, by E. Heyrowsky, 

xxxv. abs. 15. 
Northerly portion of the Wcstphalian 

coal-field, by E. Hilger, xxxviii. 

abs. 3. 
New German petroleum wells, by Dr. 

— Kollmann, xxxii. abs. 60. 
Metallic veins in the coal-measures of 

Upper Silesia, by Dr. Bernhard 

Kosmann, xxxiii. abs. 96. 
Strontianite mines of Drensteinfurt, 

Westphalia, by Paul Menzel, xxxiii. 

abs. 15. 
Potassium salts in Mecklenburg, by — 

Nettekoven, xxxiv. abs. 62. 
Argyrodite : a silver-ore found in 

Saxony, by E. W. Neubert, xxxvi. 

abs. 41. 
Mineral oils of central Europe, l)y L. 

Piedboeuf, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
Mining at S?arbriicken, with an ac- 
count of the structure of the coal- 
field, by A. R. Sawyer, xxviii. 9; 

discussion, xxviii. 64. 
Zinc-blendes of Freiberg, Saxony, by 

A. Schertel and A. W. Stelzner, 

xxxvi. abs. 40. 
Concretions with plants in Wcstpha- 
lian coal, by D. Stur, xxxvii. abs. 62. 
Geology of the Harz, by — Termier, 

xxxiii. abs. 109. 
Argyrodite : a silver-ore found in 

Saxony, by A. Weisbach, xxxvi. abs. 

41. 
Coal-bearing beds of the northern 

Harz, by Cli. E. Weiss, x.xxiii. abs. 

17. 
Amandus lode of the Marienberg sil- 
ver-mine. Saxony, by P. Wengler, 

xxxvii. abs. 2. 

Greece. 
Mining industry in J 883, by — Argyro- 

poulo, xxxv. abs. 8. 
Ore-bearing rocks of Attica, by H. 

Biicking, xxxiv. abs. 67. 
Island of Corfu, by — Penck. xxxviii. 

abs. 2. 

TloUand. 
New coal-basiii in the Dutch Lini- 
burgh, by Guillaume Lambert, trans- 
lated by Theodore Wood Bun)iing, 
xxvi. 15; discussion, xxvi. 25. 

Italy. 
•Coal in Calabria, Anon., xxxiv. abs. 63. 



Salt depoHits of Voltirra, .\iirjn., 

xxxvii. abs. 14. 
Iron-mines, by Jean Beco ;iiid Leon 

'i'honard, xxxiii. aV)s. 2(5. 
Coals, by Jean Beco and L('iin 'I lio- 

uard, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
Argentiferous lead-ore in Sardinia, hy 

A. Bonacossa, xxxvii. ah.s. 6. 
Mineral resources of north-eastern 

Sicily, hy K. Cortese, xxxiii. alis. 14. 
Argentiferous lead-ore in Sardinia, by 

G. Gnech, xxxvii. abs. 6. 
Manganese deposit of the islet of San 

Pietro, Sardinia, by Edward Halse, 

xxxiv. 145. 
Quicksilver, by Theodor Haupt, xxxiv. 

abs. 52. ■ 
Iron-ores of the Banat and Elba, by B. 

Lotti, xxxvii. abs. 36. 
Clay-schists of Giovi, Genoa, hy E. 

Mattirolo, xxxvii. aha. 11. 
Copper in eastern Liguria, by L. 

Mazzuoli, xxxv. abs. 7. 
Carboniferous rocks of western Liguria, 

by L. Mazzuoli, xxxvii. abs. 2. 
Quicksilver in Tuscany, by — Prim at, 

xxxviii. abs. 14. 
Copper-deposits, by Dr. Ed. Reyer, 

xxxiii. abs. 32. 
Peat at Rivoli, by Dr. Federico Sacco, 

xxxvii. abs. 15. 
Massa lignites, by Prof. — de Stefani, 

xxxvii. abs. 37. 

Luxemhiiri/. 

Copper, by Arnold Godin, xxxiv. abs. 
13. 

Portugal. 

Coal-fields, bv Paul Choffat, xxxv. abs. 
30. 

Ihiu mania. 

Geological notes, by C. Alberts, 
xxxvii. abs, 78. 

l\u<-<m. 

Sulphur in the Caiuasus, by L. Bal- 
dacci, xxxiii. abs. 32. 

Russian peat, by Georges de Cuy])er. 
xxxiii. abs. 33. 

Copper in Transcaucasia, liy — de 
Fulgence, xxxv. abs. 9. 

Copper in Transcaucasia, by L. Janet, 
xxxv. abs. 9. 

Tkiboulli coal-field, Caucasus, by 
Charles J. Murton, xxxvii. 89: dis- 
cussion, xxxvii. 98. 

Transcaucasian manganese deposits, 
by J. Reuleux, xxxiii. abs. 60. 

Coal-fields and mining industries, by 
John Bell Simpson, xxiv. 3; discus- 
sion, x.xiv. 16, 150. 

Kussinsk mine in the Urals, by Th. 
Tschernyschew, xxxviii. abs. 2. 

14 



aunJBCT-MATTEH INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Sraiul ilia via. 
Kaolin in Swodi-n, by H. Santcsson, 

xxxiii. al)H. 5.'J. 
Coal-tii'lds, hy Dr. F. SvedoninH, xxxv. 

iihs. :J2. 
(ii)ld in Norway, by C. Wfltz. xxxiv. 

a))8. 46. 
Fossil liydro-rarbons, by <'. Zincken, 

XXXV. abs. 25. 

Si rvla. 

Gt'olofjv, bv .F. M. /iijovic. XXXV. abs. 
65. 

Spain. 

Metalliferous products of Murcia, 

Anon., xxxiii. abs. 16. 
Seo de Urgel coal-Qold, northern 

.'>|)ain. Anon., xxxiii. abs. ;55. 
Alnu-ria limestone ore-deposits, by 

Juan Pie y Allue, x.xxiii. abs. ;^7. 
Mining: region of Mazarron,by E.R.C., 

xxxiii. abs. ;}5. 
Bilbao iron-ore district, by 13. J. For- 
rest, xxxiii. 21.'i. 
Iron-ores of Biscay, by Ignacio 

Goenaga, x.xxiii. abs. 36. 
Bilbao iron-ore deposits, by E. Gruner, 

xxxviii. abs. 18. 
foal-measures of Catalonia, by G. A. 

Lebour, xxxvi. '.i'.i; discussion, xxxvi. 

41, 117. 
Geology of the south-east of Spain, by 

Rene Nickles, x.xxvii. abs. 86. 
Gold in Andalusia, by A. F. Nogues, 

XXXV. abs. .35. 
Gold-mining in Andalusia, by A. F. 

Nogues, XXXV. abs. 61. 
Iron-mines of Bilbao, by Alexandre 

Pourcel, xxxvi. abs. 48. 
Cobalt and copjjer-ores of Leon, by 

Ramon Adan de Yarza, xxxiii. abs. 

36. 
Mines of Guipuzcoa, by Ramon Adan 

de Yarza, xxxv. abs. 59. 

Turl-fi/. 
Coal districts of Erekli (Anatolia) and 
Rodosto (Roumelia) in the Ottoman 
empire, by H. G. Longridge, iii. 61 ; 
discussion, iii. 54, 233. 

(■Z. — A-^ia. 

A/ia))i. 

Coals and metalliferous deposits of 

Indo-China, by Edmond Fuchs and 

E. Saladin. xxxiii. abs. 21. 

Geology of eastern Tonquin, by E. 

Jourdy, x.xxvi. abs. 36. 
Geology of Cochin-China, by — Peti- 
ton, xxxiv. abs. 20. 

Axia Minor. 
Coal districts of Erekli (Anatolia) and 
Rodosto (Roumelia) in the Ottoman 
Empire, by H. G. Longridge, iii. 61; 
discussion, iii. 54, 233. 



China. 
Kaiping coal-mine, northern China, by 

Kwong Vung Kwang, .\\xvii. abs. .5. 
Iron and coal, by Count de Noidans- 

Calf, xxxiii. abs. 27. 
Notes on Chinese coals, by J. C. F. 

Randolph, xxxvii. abs. 17. 

Cori'a. 
Gold and other mines, by C. Illing,. 
xxxviii. abs. 21. 

/n(/la. 
Mineral resources of Afghan frontier, 

by W. T. Blanford, xxxiv. abs. 17. 
Raipur lignite, by Pramatha Nath 

Bose, xxxiv. abs. 17. 
Economic geology, by Pramatha Nath 

Bose, xxxiv. abs. 75. 
Diamond-bearing pegmatite, Bellary, 

Madras, by — Chaper, xxxvi. abs. 37. 
Economic geology, by F'rancis Fedden, 

xxxiv. abs. 75. 
Gold-fields of Mysore, by R. Bruce 

Foote, xxxiii. abs. 32. 
Mineral resources of Tinnevelly, 

Madras, by R. Bruce Foote, xxxiv. 

abs. 15. 
Daltonganj coal-field, by J. H. Grant, 

xxxii. 149. 
South Rewah Gondwana basin, by 

Theodore W. H. Hughes, xxxi. abs. 

47, 48. 
Umaria coal-field. South Rewah 

Gondwana basin, by Theodore W. 

H. Hughes, xxxiii. abs. 31; xxxiv. 

abs. 16. 
Coal-fields of Satpura Gondwana basin, 

by E. A. Jones, xxxvii. abs. 49. 
Raigarh-Hingir coal-field, by Will. 

King, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Iron-ores of Jabalpur, by F. R. Mallet, 

xxxiii. abs. 30. 
Mineral resources of Andaman Islands, 

by F. R. Mallet, xxxiv. abs. 15. 
Economic geology, by F. R. Mallet, 

xxxiv. abs. 76. 
Artesian borings, by H. B. Medlicott, 

xxxi. abs. 48. 
Coal on the Kistna, Madras, by H. B. 

Medlicott, xxxiii. abs. 30. 
Petroleum in India and Burmah, by 

H. B. Medlicott, xxxvi. abs. 11. 
Mineral resources of Manipur and the 

Naga hills, by R. D. Oldham, xxxiii. 

abs. 31. 
Kurhurballee coal-field, with some re- 
marks on Indian coals, by Walter 

Saise, xxx. 3 ; discussion, xxx. 24. 
Choi coals, Punjaub, by G. F. Scott,. 

xxxiv. abs. 18. 
Cretaceous coals in Khasia hills,. 

Assam, by Tom D. La Touche, xxxiii. 

abs. 31. 
Langrin coal-field, by Tom D. La 

Touche, xxxiv. abs. 16. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVin. 



211 



Eastern Khasia, Jaintia and North 
Cachar hilla, by Tom D. La Toiichc, 
xxxiv. abs. 18. 

Persia. 

Mineral resources, by General A. 

Houtum Schindler, xxxi. abs. 39. 

Buxnian, Empire. 

Naphtha district beyond the Caspian, 
by Dr. Hj. Sjogren, xxxvii. abs. 58. 

Geology of eastern Siberia, by Cli. 
Velain, xxxvi. abs. 8. 

e. — Africa. 
Geology of southern Abyssinia, by — 

Aubry, xxxvi. abs. 9. 
Diamond-fields of South Africa, by — 

Cliaper, xxxii. abs. 5. 
Geology of Assinee, by — diaper, 

xxxvi. abs. 10. 
South African diamonds and gold in 

1886, by E. Cohen, xxxvii. abs. 7. 
Transvaal gold-districts, by E. Cohen, 

xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Geology of Madagascar, by E. Cortese, 

xxxvii. abs. 14. 
Coal in Madagascar, by — Guinard 

and — Eigaud, xxxviii. abs. 69. 
Geology of the Gold Coast, by C. W. 

Giimbel, xxxiii. abs. 19, 
Copper-deposits of south-west Africa, 

by Dr. C. Hoepfner, xxxiv. abs. 60. 
East African coal : Tete, Zambezi, by 

E. Lapierre, xxxiii. abs. 109. 
Gold-fields of De Kaap, Transvaal, by 

J. M. Liddell, xxxviii. 171. 
Gold (?) on the Rio Cubangui, eastern 

Benguela, by Lieut. A. de Paiva, 

xxxvii. abs. 63. 
Algerian iron-ores, by A. Parran, 

xxxiv. abs. 13. 
Coal in Natal, by Ralph E. Ridley, 

xvii. 78. 
South African diamond-deposits, by A. 

Sjogren, xxxiii. abs. 48. 
Transvaal gold-districts, by A. W. 

Stelzner, xxxviii. abs. 2. 
Mineral phosphates in Tunis, by Phil. 

Thomas, xxxv. abs. 43. 
Geology of the 'lower Congo, by H. 

Zboinski, xxxviii. 18, 54. 

f. — America. 

Argentine Republic. 

Petroleum in South America, Anon., 
xxxvii. abs. 36. 

Brazil. 
Mineral resources of Minas Geraes, by 

A. de Bovet, xxxiii. abs. 21. 
Diamonds of Minas Geraes, by H. 

Gorccix, xxxiii. abs. 29. 
Minerals associated with diamonds in 

Brazil, by H. Gorceix, xxxiv. abs. 38. 



I Diamond deposits, ))y H. Gorceix, 
xxxiv. abs. 45. 

f 'atiadn. 
Gowrie mines, Cow Bay, Cape Breton, 

by Charles i\j(hibala, xxvi. 55; di»- 

cussion, xxvi. 60. 
Minerals of Hudson Bay territory, by 

Robert Bell, xxxv. abs. 51. 
Indications of petroleum in f'anada 

and Pennsylvania, by — Gaussion, 

xxxiii. abs. 35. 
Coal-measures and lower carljonifcrous 

strata of western Newfoundland, by 

Edwin Gilpin, xxiii. 167. 
Submarine coal of Cape Breton, Nova 

Scotia, by Edwin Gilpin, xxiv. 173. 
Iron-ores of Nova Scotia, by Edwin 

Gilpin, xxvi. 71; discussion, xxvi. 

88. 
Dominion coals : their composition and 

uses, by Edwin Gilpin, xxvii. 213. 
Gypsum of Nova Scotia, by Edwin 

Gilpin, XXX. 53; discussion, xxx. 67. 
Gold-fields of Nova Scotia, by Edwin 

Gilpin, xxxi. 151. 
Mineral resources of Nova Scotia, by 

Edwin Gilpin, xxxv. abs. 49. 
Iron-mines and iron manufacture of 

Nova Scotia, by Edward Hcdley, xiv. 

15; discussion, xiv. 69, 91. 
Apatite, by Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, xxxiv. 

abs. 23. 
Native antimony in New Brunswick, 

by George F. Kunz, xxxv. abs. 24. 
Mining districts on northern shore of 

Lake Superior, by H. Alleyne 

Nicholson, xxiv. 237; discussion, 

xxiv. 248. 
Gold-bearing veins (mispickel) of Mar- 
mora, Ontario, by R. P. Rothwell, 

xxxi. abs. 4] . 
Sydney coal-field in Cape Breton, bv 

Wm. Routlcdge, xxiv. 191. 
Coal-fields of Nova Scotia, by John 

Rutherford, xix. 113. 
Apatite, by E. T. Shutt, xxxvii. abs. 37. 

Chile. 
Natural ferric sulphates, by Max 
Bauer, xxxviii. abs. 2. 

Colombia. 

Geology of the isthmus of Panama 

canal, by E. Boutan, x.xxi. abs. 42. 

French (Tiiiana. 
Gold, by — Flory, xxxiii. abs. 16. 

Mexico. 
Silver-ores of the Andes, Anon., xxxiii. 

abs. 27. 
Silver and iron. Anon., xxxiv. abs. 25. 
Coal: Santa Rosa district, by W. H. 

Adams, xxxii. nbs. 84. 
Gold-deposits, by Dr. Persifor Frazer, 

xxxv. abs. 10. 



212 



.><ni.lK« l-MAirKIl INliKX TO TUANSACIIONS. 



(.'oppiT of HI Holeo. Lower Calitorniu, 

hy Kdmoiid I'uiliH, xxxvi. ulm. 7. 
Iron nioiintain of Diiranpo. l)y I-"- 

Kl«>ins(linii(lt, xxxiv. iil»s. oT. 
Coal and iron in Contral AnuTica, hy 

\\'\ix l.anrf!it, xxxv. ahs. .'J2. 
Iron-ori's of Dnrango and Sinaloa. l>y 

Dr. U. Sillinian, xxxiii. alw. 49. 

.V< wfouiiffland. 
(.'oal-measurcs and lowor carboni- 
ferouB strata of western Newfound- 
land, by Edwin (Jilpin, xxiii. 1(>7. 

/'rni. 
Yuuli mining district, Uy Dr. IMluiker 
y Rio, xxxiv. abs. 52. 

San Dinniiiffd. 
(;old. hy Ricliard P. Rothwell. xxxiii. 
abs. 22. 

T I iiiidnd . 
Coal and bitumen deposits, by — 

Cumenee, xxxii. abs. 55. 
Coal and bitumen, by — Cumenge, 

xxxiii. abs. 20. 

Vnili'if Staff" of Amirira. 

General. 

Lake Superior mining industries, by 

John Birkinbine, xxxvii. abs. 8. 
Remarks on tlic coal-measures and oil- 
produce of the United States of 
America, collected during a visit to 
that country in the autumn of 1H75, 
by Edward Fenwick Boyd. xxv. 145; 
discussion, xxv. 101, 167 ; xxvi. 28, 
39. 
Remarks on anthracite : suggested by 
Mr. Edward Fenwick Boyd's paper 
on the coal-measures and oil-produce 
of America, by George Clementson 
Greenwcll, xxvi. 39; discussion, 
xxvi. 43. 
Auriferous slate-deposits of the south- 
ern mining region, by Prof. P. H. 
Mell, xxxi. abs. 39. 
Soapstones, china-clays and fire-clays 
of the southern states, by Prof. P. 
H. Mell, juii., xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Iron-ores of tiie eastern states, by 

.John C. Smock, xxxiv. abs. 22. 

Future of Nortii American oil, by 

Henry E. Wrigley, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

AlaV)ama. 

Coal and iron-ore, by Dr. T. Sterry 

Hunt, xxxiii. abs. 65. 
Auriferous sl.ite-deposits of the south- 
ern mining region, by Prof. P. H. 
Mell, xxxi. abs. .39. 
Coal-fields, by E. J. Schmitz, xxxiv. 
abs. 23. 

Alaska. 
Cannel coal. Anon., xxxviii. abs. 19. 



il)s. 42. 
ICdn.ond 



'y 



lbs 



.Vrizona. 
Gold and silver, by William P. lilake. 

xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Mining, l)y .loiin 1'. Mlandy, xxxiii. 

abs. ()(>. 
Coal, by C. D. Walcott, xxxv. 

California. 
Gold-bearing gravels, by 

Fuchs, xxxv. abs. 41. 
Geology, by Jules Marcou, xxxiv. abs. 

18. 
Cinnabar deposits, by Ramon Adan de 
Yarza, xxxiii. abs. 37. 
Colorado. 
San Juan mining region, by Theodore 

B. Comstock, xxxiii. abs. ()3. 
Iron-ores, l)y Waiter B. Devcreux, 

xxxiv. abs. 26. 
On^deposits of Leadville, by S. 1'. 

Fmmons, xxxiii. abs. 104. 
Wliopper lode, Gunnison county, by 

Prof. Persifor Frtizer, xxxi. abs. 41. 
Leadville ore-deposits, by Francis T. 

Freeland, xxxv. abs. 7. 
Gilpin county mines, by Col. A. N. 

Rogers, xxxiii. abs. 63. 
Silver-ore deposits at Leadville, 
Robert Wiinmer, xxxvii. abs. 20. 
Dakota. 
Tin, by William P. Blake, xxxiv. i 

43. 
(Sold, ))y Walter B. Devcreux, xxxiii. 
abs. 25. 

Georgia. 
Auriferous slate-deposits of the south- 
ern mining region, by Prof. P. H. 
Mell, xxxi. abs. 39. 

Louisiana. 
Quicksilver, by Ernest Wilkinson, 
xxxv. abs. 41. 

Maryland. 

Copper-deposits of Carroll county, by 

Prof. Persifor Frazer, xxxi. abs. 40. 

Massachusetts. 

Metamorphic coal-deposit, by Joseph 

H. Perry, xxxv. abs. 40. 

Michigan. 

Lake Superior mining industries, by 

John Birkinbine, xxxvii. abs. 8. 
Iron-ores, by John Fulton, xxxvii. abs. 

74. 
Mode of deposition of iron-ores of the 
Menominee range, by John Fulton, 
xxxviii. abs. 31. 

Minnesota. 

Lake Superior mining industries, by 

John Birkinbine. xxxvii. abs. 8. 

Mississippi. 

Iron-ores, by Alfred F. Brainerd, 

xxxvii. abs. 6. 

Missouri. 

St. Genevieve copper-deposit, by Frank 

Nicholson, xxxiii. abs. 26. 

Montana. 

Butte miniiig reg-ion.by S. F. Emmons, 

xxxvii. abs. 5. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



213 



Butte milling district. 1)y (i. vom 
Eath, xxxiv. abs. 66. 
Nebraska. 

Coal, by Prof. L. E. Hicks, xxxv. abs. 
40. 

Nevada. 

Comstock lode, by George E. Becker, 
xxxiii. abs. 107. 

Recent vein-filling at Steamboat 
Springs, by Prof. Joseph Le Conte, 
xxxiii. abs. 53. 

Silver-lead-dcposits, by J. S. Curtis, 
xxxiv. abs. 31. 

Nickel and cobalt, by A. D. Hodges, 
jun., xxxiv. abs. 39. 

Ntw Mexico. 

Mines of southern New Mexico, by Dr. 
B. Silliman, xxxiii. abs. 24. 
New York. 

Futiire of north American oil, by 

Henry E. Wrigley, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

North Carolina. 

Coal-fields, by H. M. Chance, xxxv. 
abs. 25. 

Gold, by Prof. W. C. Kerr, xxxiii. 
abs. 24. 

Auriferous slate-deposits of the south- 
ern mining region, by Prof. P. H. 
Mell, xxxi. abs. 39. 

Coal-fields, by J. C. Russell, xxxv. abs. 
25. 

Pennsylvania. 

Anthracite-field, by Charles A. Ash- 
burner, xxxiii. abs. 65. 

Coal-fields, by Charles A. Ashburner, 
xxxiv. abs. 21. 

Remarks on the coal-measures and oil- 
produce of the United States of 
America, collected during a visit to 
that country in the autumn of 1875, 
by Edward Fenwick Boyd, xxv. 145 ; 
discussion, xxv. 101, 167; xxvi. 28, 
39. 

Pyrites in coal, by Amos P. Brown, 
xxxvii. abs. 74. 

Available bituminous coal-fields, by H. 
M. Chance, xxxii. abs. 83. 

Relations of graphite-deposits of Ches- 
ter county, to rocks containing 
them, by Prof. Persifor Frazer, xxxi. 
abs. 43. 

Copper-belt of South mountain, by 
Prof. Persifor Frazer, xxxiv. abs. 24. 

Indications of petroleum in Canada 
and Pennsylvania, by — Gaussion, 
xxxiii. abs. 35. 

Remarks on anthracite : suggested by 
Mr. Edward Fenwick Boyd's paper 
on the coal-measures and oil-pro- 
duce of America, by George Clement- 
son Greenwell, xxvi. 39; discussion, 
xxvi. 43. 

Copper-belt of South mountain, by C. 
Handford Henderson, xxxiv. abs. 
24. 

Studies on stratification of anthracite- 



measures, by Henry A. Wasmuth, 

xxxvii. abs. 41. 
Future of north American oil, by 

Henry E. Wrigley, xxxiii. abs. 24. 

Tennessee. 

Coal and iron, V>y W. M. Bowron, xxxv. 

abs. 8. 
Hematites, by Edward Nicliols, x-xxiiv: 

abs. 23. 

Texas. 
Brazos coal-field, by Charles A. .Ash- 
burner, xxxi. abs. 39. 
Copper, by J. H. Furman, xxxiii. abs. 

51. 
Gold in cretaceous rocks, by Prof. 

Charles A. Schaeffer, xxxiii. aba. 

62. 

Utah. 
Iron, by William P. Blake, xxxv. abs. 

49. • 
Silver Sandstone district, bv Charles 

M. Rolker, xxxi. abs. 40. 
Virginia. 
Pyrites, by W. H. Adams, xxxiv. abs. 

25. 
Zinc, by F. P. Dewey, xxxiii. abs. 23. 
Iron-ores, by F. P. Dewey, xxxiii. aba. 

25. 
Natural coke or carbonite of Chester- 
field county, by Dr. T. M. Drown 

and Dr. E. W. Raymond, xxxiii. abs. 

64. 
Iron-ores, by Prof. Persifor Frazer, 

xxxiii. abs. 61. 
Iron-ores, by Andrew S. McCreath, 

xxxiv. abs. 21. 

W^est Virginia. 
Kanawha coal, by Stuart M. Buck, 

xxxiii. abs. 23. 
Iron-ores, by S. P. Sharpies, xxxiii. 

abs. 25. 

Wisconsin. 
Lake Superior mining industries, by 

John Birkinbine, xxxvii. abs. 8. 

Venezuela. 

Petroleum in South America, Anon., 

xxxvii. abs. 36. 
Caratal gold-fields, by Ch. Monchot, 

xxxiv. abs. 46. 

(J. — A uslrala^ia. 
Auslralia. 

Remarks on coal-measures, by Samuel 

Ivlossman, ii. 227. 

New South Wales. 
Tin. by T. W. Edgeworth David. 

xxxvii. abs. 35. 
Coal-nodules from the Bore-hole seam 

at Newcastle, by T. E. Forster, 

xxxvii. 145; discussion, xxxvii. 150. 
Remarks on coal-measures, by Samuel 

Mossman, ii. 227. 
Coal-fields, by Henry T. Plews, vi. 27; 

discussion, vi. 22. 



214 



9UBJECT-MATTBR INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



QiircnKluiid. 
(Sold at Mount Morpaii, by HoluTt L. 
Jack, xxxiv. ahs. 44. 

South AuHtnilia. 
Gold, by U. Y. Lyell-Urown. xxxv. 
abH. 24. 

Tasmania. 
RtMiiarks on coal-iiuasiiroH. by Samuel 

Mossmaii, ii. -27. 
Geology, by tho llcv. J. E. Tenisou- 
Woods, xxxiv. abs. :12. 
Victoria. 
Remarks on coal-measures, by Samuel 

Mossman, ii. 227. 
Minerals of the Tambo valley, by 
James Stirlinp, xxxvii. al)9. :38. 

lianka. 
Tin in the Malay Archipelago, by Dr. 
Theodor Pose wit z. xxxv. abs*. 57. 

liornvii. 
Analyses of coal from the Dutch East 

Indies, by Dr. H. Cretier, xxxiv. abs. 

4.S. 
Gold, by Dr. Tlieodor Posewitz, xxxiii. 

abs. 60. 
Gold-reef working in western Borneo, 

by C. J. van Schellc, xxxiii. abs. 18. 

.V<H' ( 'alflonitt. 

Nickel, by Jules Gamier, xxxv. abs. 14. 
Ores of cobalt, chromium and iron, by 

■lules Gamier, xxxvii. abs. 68. 
Nickel, by H. Porcheron,xxxv. abs. 14. 

Xeiv Zealand. 

Gold, Anon., xxxv. abs. 59. 
Coal-mining, by George J. Binns, 

xxxv. 175; discussion, xxxv. 218. 
Minerals, by S. Herbert Cox, xxxiii. 

abs. 50. 
Coal, by S. Herbert Cox, xxxiv. abs. 

34. 
Coal, by Dr. Julius von Haast, xxxiv. 

abs. 34. 
Minerals, by Sir .James Hector, xxxiii. 

abs. 50. 
Coal, by Alexander McKay, xxxiv. abs. 

34. 
Platinum in a lode at the Thames, by 

J. A. Pond, xxxiii. abs. 51. 
Useful minerals, by William Skey, 

xxxiv. abs. 19. 

Sumatra. 
Mining prospects, by E. Fennema, 
xxxvii. abs. 67. 



T'liiKir. 
Geology, by Prof. .\. 
xxxvii. abs. t)7. 



W'iclimaiui, 



3. Paukontolooy. 

Coal-measure insects, by Charles 
Brongniart, xxxiv. al)K. 17. 

Fossil fish in the coal-measures of Coni- 
mentry, by Charles Brongniart, 
xxxvii. abs. 86. 

Drawings and lithographs of fossils, by 
J. Cnanssclle and Henri Fayol. 
xxxiii. abs. 85, 

Coal-plants and coal, by Henri Fayol, 
xxxiii. abs. 81, 

Carboniferous spiders, by J. Kusta, 
xxxiv. abs. (jl. 

Illustrations of fossil plants: being an 
autotype re))roduction of selected 
drawings of fossil plants, prepared 
under the supervision of the late Dr. 
Lindley and Mr. \V. Hutton, be- 
tween the years 18.35 and 1840, con- 
taining 64 illustrations in autcitype, 
and 145 pages. Edited l)y Prt)f. G. 
A. Lebour. Price to memljers, 5s. ; 
to non-members, 25s. ; post free 6d. 
extra. 

A catalogue of the Hutton collection of 
fossil plants; including a synoptical 
list of the chief c arl)i)nifcrous species 
not in the collection, 144 pages. By 
Prof. G. A. Lebour. Price to mem- 
bers, 28. 6d. ; to non-members, 8s.; 
post free 3d. extra. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Fossils from north Formosa, collected 
by Mr. David Tyzack, by Prof. G. A. 
Lebour, xxxiv. 81. 

Coal-plant« and coal, by B. Renault, 
xxxiii. abs. 81. 

Plant,s of the coal-formation, by B. 
Eenault and R. Zeiller, xxxvi. abs. 9. 

British carboniferous insects, by 
Samuel H. Scudder, xxxiv. abs. 65. 

East African coal: Tete, Zambezi, by 
R. Zeiller, xxxiii. abs. 109. 

Flora of la Grand'Combe, Gard, 
France, by R. Zeiller, xxxvi. abs. 10. 

4. LiTHOLOGT. 

Notes on microscopic sections of rocks 
from San Pietro, Sardinia, by F. 
W. Rudler, xxxiv. 159; discussion, 
xxxiv. 160. 



III.— MINERALOGY AND CR7STALL0GRAPHY. 



Ozokerite, Anon., xxxviii. abs. 68. 

Modes of occurrence of pyrites in bitu- 
minous coal, by Amos P. Brown, 
xxxviii. abs. 71. 



Analysis of white coal or bituminous 
sand from Australia, by William 
Herapath, iv. 191. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVUI. 



LM5 



Hatchcttinc, by Prof. — Johnston, ii. 
101. 

•Cobaltite and danaite from the Khetri 
mines, Eajputana, witli some re- 
marks on jaipurite or syeijoorite, by 
F. R. Mallet, xxxii. abs. 1. 



Minerals of India, by 1'. U. Mallet, 

xxxvii. abs. 48. 
Argyrodite : a silver-ore, by 10. W. 

Neubert, xxxvi. abs. 41. 
Argyrodite: a silver-ore, by A. Weis- 

bach, xxxvi. abs. 41. 



IV.— CHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS. 



1. Geneeal. 

■Germanium, by CI. Winkler, xxxvi. 
abs. 41. 

2. Appaeatus and Laboeatoey 
Appliances. 

3. Methods of Analysis and 
Assaying. 

Test for carbonic oxide, by Camille 
Rolland, xxxviii. abs. 55. 

4. Analyses. 

Coals and lignites. Anon., xxxiii. abs. 
51. 

Constitution and action of the chaly- 
beate mine-waters of Northumber- 
land and Durham, by Wm. Arm- 
strong, jun., iv. 271; discussion, v. 
21. 

Combustible minerals, by — Boussin- 
gault, xxxiii. abs. 52. 

French coal-measure waters, by Ad. 
Carnot, xxxv. abs. 1. 

Phosphorus in coal, by Ad. Carnot, 
xxxv. abs. 15. 



Minerals and salts found in coal-pits, 
by R. Calvert Clapham and .John 
Daglish, xiii. 219. 

Nova Scotian pit-waters, by Kdwin 
Gilpin, xxix. 53. 

Analyses of coal from the Dutch East 
Indies, by Dr. H. Cretier, xxxiv. 
abs. 43. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

French and Algerian fuels and ores, 
1882, Official, xxxiii. abs. 108. 

Mineral oils of Italy, by Benedetto 
Porro, xxxiv. abs. 64. 

Analysis of Ayrshire hematite, by 
Edward Sinclair, v. 10. 

New Zealand coals, by William Skey, 
xxxii. abs. 84. 

Rocks of the coal-formation, by Hugh 
Taylor, iii-. 11. 

Chemical analysis of the return-air of 
collieries in Saxony, by Dr. CI. 
Winkler, xxxii. abs. 25. 

5. Miscellaneous Investigations. 



v.— PHYSICAL INVESTIGATIONS. 



1. Geneeal. 

Gravity of earth : pendulum experi- 
ments at Harton colliery, by Prof. 
G. B. Airey, iii. 58; discussion, iii. 
59. 

Telocity with which a gas passes from 
one pressure to a lower pressure, by 
G. A. Him, xxxvi. abs. 26. 

2. Apparatus and Laboeatoey 
Appliances. 

Rapid determination of specific gravi- 
ties of bodies, by M. Walton Brown, 
xxxvi. 95; discussion, xxxvi. 97. 

Report upon seismological instru- 
ments, by Prof. William Garnett, 
xxxvii. 58; discussion, xxxvii. 64. 

Improved form of seismoscope, by 
Prof. A. S. Herschel, xxxvii. 101; 
discussion, xxxvii. 112. 

New seismometer, by G. E. Lcpsius, 
xxxiv. abs. 65. 

Apparatus for obtaining readings of 
barometers placed at a distance, by 
T. J. Murday, xxxviii. 72. 



Photometer, by — De Eey-Pailhade, 
xxxii. abs. 52. 

3. Testing Mateeials. 

4. Meteorology. 

Barometer and thermometer readings, 
1868, xix. ajjp. 25; 1869, xix. app. 
32; 1870, xx. app. 1; 1871, xxi. app. 
1; 1872, xxii. app. 1; 1873, xxiii. 
app. 1 ; 1874, xxiv. app. 1 ; 1875, 
XXV. app. 1; 1876. xxvi. app. 1; 
1877, xxvii. 307; 1878, xxviii. 257; 
1879, xxix. 249; 1880. xxx. 293; 
1881, xxxi. 249; 1882, xxxii. 371; 
1883, xxxiii. 239; 1884, xxxiv. 309; 
1885, xxxv. 247; 1886, x.xxvi. 225; 
1887, xxxvii. 261; 1888, xxxviii. 229. 

Dial thermometer, by John Daglish, 
xxxiv. 142. 

Influence of rapid falls of the baro- 
meter upon earthqtiakes and erup- 
tive phenomena, bv F. Laur, xxxiv. 
abs. 72. 



1' 1 f. 



SC!UK«T-M.\TTBR INHKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Variations of siiiniltaiH-uim n-adings 
I.I l.;ir..iinUTrt on the surlaco and 
undirgroiind, bv J. H. Mori vale. 
xxxiv. U2. 

5. Tkijrkstriai- Maoxktism. 



(i. Calcinating Machines and 
Inhtuvments. 

Slide rule, by EmerBon Bainbridge, 
xxxiv. 139. 



VI.— SURVEYING AND LEVELLING. 



1. Methods ani> .Vitliances. 

Mathematical theory of the Amsler 
pianiineter. by W. Steadman Aldis, 
.xxviii. 211. 

Mining surveys, by Arthur Beanlands, 
IV. 2(>"; disiussion, iv. 131 . 2()3. 

Improvements in iinderground survey- 
iup. by Arthur Heanlands, xx. 85; 
diseiiHsion, xx. H4, KHt. 109. 

Instrument tor levelling underground, 
by C. Z. Hunning and T. Lindsay 
(Jalloway, xxvii. 3; diseussion, xxvii. 
6. 128. 

Description ot an instrument for ascer- 
taining tlu' inclination from the 
perpendicular ol bore-holes and the 
direction of such inclination, by C'h. 
Ziethen liunning and J. Kenneth 
(Juthrie, xxix. 61; discussion, xxix. 
70. 189. 

Method of surveying \\itli the loose 
needle, among rails and other ferru- 
ginous substances, by Thomas E. 
Candler, xx\i. .33. 

Accuracy of the equidistant plani- 
nieter, by F. Giinther. xxxii. abs. 79. 

Underground surveying, and advocacy 
of contoured mining plans: accom- 
panied by abbreviated trignometrical 
tables, notes and formulae, by W. 
F. Howard, .xx. 19; discus.sion, xx. 
4.5. 100, 109. 

Charles pit. Flaggy creek pit heading: 
description of the stirvey, by James 
Hunter, xxxviii. 13: discussion, 
xxiviii. 16. 



Simple wat-er-level, by P. Kahle, 
xxxvfii. abs. 71. 

Klolit planimeter, by F. Kloht, xxxii. 
abs. 74. 

Magnetic bricks, by Dr. — Kobald, 
xxxiii. abs. 54. 

Shrinkage of paper, by C. C. Leach, 
xxxiv. 175: discussion, xxxiv. 181; 
xxxv. 44. 

Pocket level, by G. A. Lebour, xxvii. 
129. 

Improved levelling staff for under- 
ground work, by R. Linslcy, xxxv. 
(19. 

Wagner pocket levelling instrument, 
by — Martens, xxxii. abs. 74. 

Improved mode of reading the com- 
pass, by R. S. Newall, xx. 108; dis- 
cussion, XX. 109. 

Practice of mine-levelling, and use of 
contour-lines, by J. A. Ramsay, xx. 
73 ; discussion, xx. 79, 100, 109. 

2. Caetogkaphy. 

Method of mapping the anthracite 

coal-fields of Pennsylvania, by 

Charles X. Ashburner, xxxi. abs. 

12. 
Photographing plans of mines, by 

John J. Atkinson, v. 164. 
Construction of maps in relief, by 

Edward B. Harden and John H. 

Harden, x.xxviii. abs. 71. 
Scales of m^ps, by Prof. L. M. Haupt, 

x.x.xv. abs. 10. 



VII. MINING TECHNOLOGY. 



1. Genera I.. 

Rock pressure. Anon., xxxviii. abs. 64. 
Description of patents connected with 

mining operations, by Theo. Wood 

Running, discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 

1866. xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 

xviii. app. I.; 1869. xix. app. 39; 

1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 

1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 

9: 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875. xxv. 

app. 9. 
Remarks upon the experiments of the 

Prussian fire-damp commission, by 

H. Le Chatelier and E. Mallard, 

sxxvi. abs. 13. 



French fire-damp commission, by A. 

Daubree, xxxi. abs. 14. 
Improvements in colliery workings, by 

T. Y. Hall, ii. 21. 
Accidents in mines, by Dr. — Hawkins, 

V. 229. 
Improvements in mining machihery in 

Prussia, 1880, Official, xxxi. abs. 26; 

1881, xxxii. abs. 42. 
Mining indiistry and mining adminis- 
tration of Prussia during 1881, 

Official, xxxii. abs. 70. 
Prussian fire - damp commission. 

Official, xxxii. abs. 64. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



ExperimcntH of the Pruasian fire-damp 
commiwHion on explosions of ooal- 
duat and gas, Official, xxxvii. ahs. 
80. 

Prussian commission on explosions in 
mines. Official, xxxi. abs. 13. 

Vibration of strata in mines, by Fr. 
Schell, xxxii. aba. 60. 

Advance in mining and metallurgical 
art, science and industry since 1875, 
by William P. Shinn, xxxii. abs. 33. 

Condition of the mining industries of 
Prussia in 1875, by John Bell Simp- 
son, xxvii. 25; discussion, xxvii. 64, 
294. 

Eeport upon the working and regula- 
tion of fiery mines in England by 
Messrs. Pernolet and Aguillon, by 
A. L. Steavenson, xxxi. 5; discus- 
sion, xxxi. 37. 

Accidents in mines commission, by 
Nicholas Wood, i. 236; discussion, i. 
258. 

2. Specific Districts and Mines. 
a. — (Tcnvral. 
Iridium industry, by W. L. Dudley, 
xxxiv. abs. 29. 

h. — Great Britain. 
General. 
Presidential address on " coal," by Sir 
W. G. Armstrong, xxii. 39; discus- 
sion, xxii. 57. 
Visit toi the coal-fields of Great Britain, 
1881, by — Fabian, xxxii. abs. 68. 

England. 

General. 
Mining in the Mountain Limestone of 

the north of England, by T. J. 

Bewick, xviii. 163; discussion, xviii. 

150; xix. 92, 102. 
Lead-mining districts of the north of 

England, by T. Sopwith, xiii. 187; 

discussion, xiv. 9. 

Cornwall. 
Perran iron-lode in Cornwall, and the 

mines in the district, by Charles 

Parkin, xxvii. 131 ; discussion, xxvii. 

139. 

Cum'berland. 
History of mining in Cumberland and 

north Lancashire, by J. D. Kendall, 

xxxiv. 83. 
Whitehaven collieries, by G. H. Lid- 
dell, xxxii. 363; discussion, xxxii. 

367. 

Durham. 
Bearpark colliery, xxxvi. 217. 
Boldon colliery, xxxvi. 208. 
Browney colliery, xxviii. 105; xxxvi. 

216. 
Castle Eden collierj', xxxvi. 214. 
Earton colliery, xxxvi. 208. 
Harrington colliery, xxxvi. 215. 



llougiiton colliery, xxxvi. 210. 

Lainbton or Burnmoor collieries, 
xxxvi. 215. 

Marsden colliery, xxxvi. 209. 

Murton colliery, xxxvi. 213. 

New Brancepeth colliery, xxxvi. 217. 

Ryhope colliery, xxxvi. 210. 

Saint Hilda colliery, xxxvi. 208. 

Sealiam and Seaton collieries, xxxvi. 
211. 

Silksworth colliery, xxxvi. 209. 

South Hotton colliery, xxxvi. 212. 

Stella collieries, xxxvi. 207. 

Wcarmouth colliery, xxxvi. 209. 

Whitburn winning, xxx. 45. 

Wingate Grange colliery, xxxvi. 213. 

Mining in the mountain limestone of 
the north of England, by T. .J. 
Bewick, xviii. 163; discussion, xviii. 
150; xix. 92, 102. 

Notes on the horizon of the low main 
seam in a portion of the Durham 
coal-field, by Hugh Bramwell, 
xxxvii. 151. 

Chronicles and records of the northern 
coal trade in the counties of Durham 
and Northumberland, by William 
Green, jun., xv. 175; discussion, xv. 
43, 77; xvi. 5. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Lead-mining districts of the north of 
England, by T. Sopwith, xiii. 187; 
discussion, xiv. 9. 

Gloucestershire. 

Northern end of the Bristol coal-field, 
by Handel Cossham, x. 97; discus- 
sion, X. 113. 

Lancashire. 

History of mining in Cumberland and 
north Lancashire, by .T. D. Kendall, 
xxxiv. 83. 

Coal-basin, bv M. Luuyt, xxxiii. abs. 
100. 

Coal-field, by M. Luuyt, xxxiii. abs. 
107. 

Monmouthshire. 

South Wales coal-field, by Thomas 
Forster Brown, xxiii. 197. 
Northumberland. 

Bebside collieiy, xxxvi. 203. 

Bedlington colliery, xxxvi. 204. 

Cambois colliery, xxxvi. 205. 

Choppington colliery, xxxvi. 205. 

Cowpen colliery, xxxvi. 203. 

Elsvvick collieries, xxxvi. 206. 

Killingworth colliery, xxxvi. 206. 

New Delaval colliery, xxxvi. 202. 

New Hartley colliery, xxxvi. 203. 

North Seaton colliery, xxxvi. 206. 

Prudhoe colliery, xxxvi. 207. 

Seaton Delaval colliery, xxxvi. 201. 

Throckley collieries, xxxvi. 207. 

West Wylam colliery, xxxvi. 207. 



21H 



Sl'IUECT-MATTEU INUKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



VVvlaiu colliory. xxxvi. 2(>7. 
Miiiiiip in tho mi)unt.ain limestone ot 
tho nurlli of England, by T. J. 
Bowiik, xviii. 16.J; disi-nssion. xviii. 
150; xix. 92, 102. 
NoU>s of ri-portH on the winning ol 
Gosfortli i-oUiery, l>y T- ^V. Knible- 
ton, xxxviii. iHi); diseiission. xxxviii. 
201. 
Chronieles and records of tlie northern 
eoal trade in the counties of Durham 
and Northuiulieriaud, by William 
(jreen, jun., xv. 175; discussion, xv. 
43, 77 ; xvi. 5. I 

Settlingstones lead-mine, by F. W. i 

Hall, xxvii. 22. 
Coal-niininp, etc.. in Northmiihcrland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 
Lcad-niiniiig districts of the north of 
i:ugland. by T. Sopwith, xiii. 187; 
discussion, xiv. 9. 
Stonecroft mines, by Thomas Ware, 
xxvii. 18. 

Nottinghamshire. 
"Winning and working of Cinderhill 
colliery, by C. F. Stuart Smith, x. 
149. 

Stafl'ordshire. 
Mines and mining in tliC North Staf- 
fordshire coal-field, by John Hedley, 
ii. 235. 

Yorkshire. 
Jet-mining, by Charles Parkin, xxxi. 

51; discussion, xxxi. 57, 205. 
Skelton Park and Lumpsey mines, by 
A. L. Steavcnson, xxxi. 105. 

Wales. 
South Wales coal-field, by Thomas 
Forster Brown, xxiii. 197. 

c. — Europe. 

General. 

Present condition of mining in some 
of the principal coal-producing dis- 
tricts of the continent, by T. Lind- 
say Galloway, xxvii. 171; discussion, 
xxvii. 201. 

A ustro-Hiingary. 

Mining industry in 1881, Anon., xxxiii. 

abs. 73. 
Peter and Paul brown coal-mine near 

Dux, Bohemia, by Anton Arlt, xxxiv. 

abs. 5. 
Ozokerite and petroleum in Galicia, by 

L. Babu, xxxviii. abs. 15. 
Mining in the Bukowina, by W. Kell- 

ner, xxxiv. abs. 51. 
Mining in Tyrol, by W. Kellner, xxxiv. 

abs. 63. 



Lignite-Miines of north Bohemia, 1)\- 

Charles Lallemand, xxxii. abs. 29. 
Blciberg lead-mines, Carinthia, by K. 

Makuc, xxxiii. abs. 7(i. 
Ozokerite in Galicia, by A. Bateau, 

xxxvii. abs. 55. 
Tertiary coals of Carinthia, by Ferd. 

Seeland, xxxvii. abs. 61. 

Jh It/ ill in. 

Remarks on the state of Belgium and 
France in respect to the production 
of coal as compared with England 
and Scotland, l)y M. Dunn, iv. 287 ; 
discussion, iv. 2(i4; v. 12. 

France. 

Aniilic collieries, xxvii. 253; Berni- 

courl pit, xxvii. 255; Renaissance 

pit, xxvii. 257. 
Anzin collieries, xxvii. 265; Chaband 

Latour pits, xxvii. 268; Haveluy 

pits and coke-ovens, xxvii. 271 ; 

Renard pit, xxvii. 272; Thiers pit, 

xxvii. 268. 
BuUy-Greuay collieries, xxvii. 279. 
Courrieres collieries. No. 5 pit, xxvii. 

275. 
Escarpelle collieries, xxvii. 255. 
Lens collieries, xxvii. 276. 
Lievin collieries, xxvii. 278. 
Production of minerals, 1882 and 1883, 

Anon., xxxiii. abs. 99. 
Remarks on the state of Belgium and 

France in respect to the production 

of coal as compared with England 

and Scotland, by M. Dunn, iv. 287; 

discussion, iv. 264; v. 12. 
Coal-mines and iron-works of Besseges, 

Alais, Gard, by Matthias Dunn, v. 

27. 
Mines of Vinlas, Lozere, by H. 

Garnier, xxxiii. abs. 22. 
Besseges collieries, by J. B. Marsaut, 

xxxii. abs. 53. 
Nord and Pas-de-Calais coal-fields, 

Official, xxxiv. abs. 26. 
Iron-mines of Palmesalade, Gard, by 

— Peyre, xxxiv. abs. 33. 
Anthracite and lime industries of 

Maurienne, Savoy, by — Villet, 

xxxiii. cibs. 85. 
Nord and Pas-de-Calais coal-fields, by 

E. Viiillemin, xxvii. 245; discussion, 

xxvii. 248. 

Germany. 

Coal-mining industry of Lower Silesia, 

Anon., xxxviii. abs. 17. 
Oil industry of Oelheim, near Peine, 

Brunswick, by R. Baldauf, xxxii. 

abs. 78. 
Rammelsberg mine, Harz, by L. Baru, 

xxxviii. abs. 28. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



219 



Ruiidcrotli mining district, Cologne, 
by F. L. Kinne, xxxiv. abs. 6H. 

(^amphausen shafts of the Royal Dud- 
weiler-Jagersfreude colliery, Saar- 
briicken, by Dr. — Klose, xxxii. abs. 
66. 

Westphalian coal-field, by P. Lebiicciz, 
Ph. Passelecq and A. Stoesser, xxxiii. 
abs. 106. 

Mining at Saarbriicken, with an ac- 
count of the structure of the coal- 
field, by A. R. Sawyer, xxviii. 9; dis- 
cussion, xxviii. 64. 

Silver-mines at Marienburg, Saxony, 
by R. Wengler, xxxvi. abs. 37. 

Itali/. 

Sulphur-mines of Sicily, by Philip 
Carroll, xxxviii. abs. 50. 

Portugal. 

History of mining in Spain and Por- 
tugal, by Fernando Eernaldez, 
xxxiii. abs. 47. 

lioui/iania. 

Salt-mines, by Maxinie Pelle, xxxvi. 
abs. 31. 

J'ufsia. 

Coal-fields of the Urals, by V. Alex- 

saeff, xxxvii. abs. 93. 
Petroleum industry of the Caucasus, 

by S. Goulichambaroff, xxxiv. abs. 

70. 
Petroleiim industry of the Caucasus, 

by — Longuety, xxxiv. abs. 70. 
Coal-fields and mining industries of 

Russia, by John Bell Simpson, xxiv. 

3 ; discussion, xxiv. 16, 150. 

Servia. 

Mines, by A. Gotting, xxxvii. abs. 10. 
Coal, by A. Gotting, xxxviii. abs. 64. 

Spain. 

Pyrites-dejDosits of the province of 

Huelva, by John Allan, xxxvii. 27 ; 

discussion, xxxvii. 45. 
Gold-mines of Guadalajara, by — 

Aiitissier, xxxiv. abs. 31. 
History of mining in Spain and 

Portugal, by Fernando Bornaldez, 

xxxiii. abs. 47. 
Mines of Bilbao, by G. Gandolfi, 

xxxviii. abs. 26. 
Mines and works of Almaden, by G. 

Gandolfi, xxxviii. abs. 53. 
Belmez-Espiel coal-field, Cordova, by 

G. Gandolfi, xxxviii. abs. 55. 
North Spanish coal-fields, Asturias, by 

Wenceslao Gonzalez, xxxiv. abs. 36. 
Mines of Bilbao, by A. Habets, xxxviii. 

abs. 25. 



Belmez coal-mines, by Francisco 
Crooke Loriug, xxxiii. ahs. 36. 

Pyrites-deposits of Rio TinUi, Uuelva, 
by David l^zack, xxxvii. 45; discus- 
sion, xxxvii. 49. 

Alosno copper-mines, Huelva, by Fr. 
Wimmer, xxxiv. abs. 63. 

d. — A.fia. 

China. 
Progress of coal-mining industry in 

China, by Thomas Young Hall, xv. 

67; discussion, xv. 1. 
Coal-mining in northern China, by 

Kwong Yung Kwang, xxxvii. abs. 23. 

F()r77:i>>:a. 

Notes on the coal-fields and coai-nun- 
ing operations in northern Formosa, 
by David Tyzack, xxxiv. 67; discus- 
sion, xxxiv. 77, 190. 

Iiifha. 
Coal-mining at Warora, Central Pro- 
vinces, by Cliarles Z. Bunning, 
xxxviii. 77; discussion, xxxviii. 169. 

Malay Peninsitla. 

Tin-mining in Perak, by J. de Morgan, 
xxxvi. abs. 3. 

Persia. 

Turquoise-mines, by General A. Hoo- 
tum Scliindler, xxxiv. abs. 19. 

e. — Africa. 

Geology and description of the dia- 
mond-mines of South Africa, by A. 
Moulle, XXXV. abs. 17. 

Diamond-mines of Kimberley and De 
Beers, Cape Colony, by T. P. Wat- 
son, xxxiii. abs. 41. 

f. — America. 

liolivia. 

Silver-mines of Oruro, by A. Webner, 

xxxvi. abs. 51. 
Mining, by H. Reck, xxxiv. abs. 60. 

Canada. 
Pictou coal-field. Nova Scotia, by 

Edwin Gilpin, xxii. 139; discussion, 

xxii. 148. 
Mineral statistics of British Columbia, 

1886, Official, xxxvii. abs. 56. 
Coal-fields of Nova Scotia, bv Jolm 

Rutherford, xix. 113. 

United States of America. 

Nottingham colliery, Pennsylvania, 

Anon., .xxxviii. abs. 6. 
Quicksilver-mines of New Almaden, 

California, Anon., xxxviii. abs. 8. 



220 



SUHJKCT-MATTKH INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Potroli'um and natural gan in Now 

York SUitf. by CliarUs A. Ash- 

liuriuT. xxxviii. al)H. 151 
Cluap mining and niillinp at the 

SpaniHh mini«, California, by F. W. 

Uradli-y, xxxvii. ahs. 7"). 
Hassii-k mino, Colorado, by L. K. (Jra- 

bill, xxxiii. abs. ()2. 
Anthrarite coal-roo^ions of northern 

America, by William (Jrcen, jun., 

xiii. 25; discusHion, xiii. 14, 99, 157, 

1(>3, 202. 
Iron-ore mining at the Chapin mine, 

Miihigan, by I'er Larsson, xxxviii. 

abs. 2S. 
Waste in mining in Pennsylvania, by 

r. W. Sheafer, xxxviii. abs. 5. 
Natural gas in America, by H. W^ink- 

leliner, xxxvii. abs. 57. 

Uruijua]/. 

Mining, by German Ave Lallemant, 
xxxiii. aoB. 8. 

g. — .-1 u<trala-iia. 

Australia. 

New South Wales. 

Mineral wealth. Anon., xxxii. abs. 83. 

Charles pit. Flaggy Creek pit head- 
ing: description of the survey, by 
Jas. Hunter, xxxviii. 13; discussion, 
xxxviii. 16. 

Mineral products, by John Mackenzie, 
xxxviii. abs. 61. 

Mineral products, by C. S. Wilkinson, 
xxxviii. abs. 61. 

Mineral products, by Harrie Wood, 
xxxviii. abs. 61. 

Queensland. 

Mount Morgan gold-mine, by Dr. A. 
Leibius, xxxv. abs. 26. 

Borneo. 

Chinese gold-mines, by C. J. Van 
Schelle, xxxii. abs. 2. 

Java. 

Soekaboemi coal-field, by J. A. Hooze, 
xxxii. abs. 2; xxxiii. abs. 13. 

Xew Caledonia. 

Mining of nickel, by Charles du 
Peloux, xxxv. abs. 20. 

3. Prospecting and Boeing for 
Minerals. 

lioring deep wells by water-pressure. 

Anon., xxxiii. abs. 5. 
New uses of bore-holes. Anon., xxxvii. 

abs. 16. 
Diamond drill, by A. Bassett, xxiii. 

179: discussion, xxiii. 188. 
Ore-seeking with the magnetic needle, 

by Horacio Bentabol, xxxiv. abs. 35. 



Notes on diamond rock-boring, by T. 
J. Hewick, XXX. 93; discussion, xxx. 
101 ; xxxi. 40. 

Fracture of a boring tool by dynamite, 
by — Brunet, xxxiii. abs. 82. 

Description of an instrument for ascer- 
taining the inclination from the per- 
pendicular of borc-hoies and the 
direction of such inclination, by <'h. 
Zietiien Bunning and J. Kenneth 
Gutiirie, xxix. 61; discussion, xxix. 
70, 189. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. .')2, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. I. ; 1867 and 1868. 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Cranston deep-boring machine, for 
sinking artesian-wells, sub-niarino 
boring and boring for minerals, by 
J. G. Cranston, xxx. 263; discussion, 
XXX. 264. 

Eesults of recent American borings, 
by F. Gad, xxxviii. abs. 45. 

Rock-salt in the new red sandstone at 
Middlesbrough (including descrip- 
tion of Mather-and-Platt boring- 
machine), by John Marley, xiii. 17; 
discussion, xiii. 92, 106. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. W^ood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Jefferson automatic free-falling hy- 
draulic boring apparatus, by Robert 
Miller, xxix. 235; discussion, xxx. 
83. 

Prospecting for magnetic ores with the 
needle, by L. Perard, xxxiii. abs. 25. 

Method of tubing bore-holes in pass- 
ing clay, quicksands and other 
arenaceous and water-bearing strata, 
by P. S. Reid, ix. 199; discussion, 
X. 247. 

Boring against water in coal-mines, by 
Alexander Ross, xix. 171 ; discussion, 
xix. 175. 

Diamond boring machines, by — Teck- 
lenburg, xxxiii. abs. 7. 

Diamond rock-borer for artesian wells, 
by — Tecklenburg, xxxiii. abs. 90. 

4. W^oEKiNG OF Minerals. 

Ventilation and gases of coal-mines, 
and the working of pillars, by Wm. 
Barkus, sen., i. 239; discussion, i. 
233. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. 32, 54: 
1866, xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. .39; 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



•J 21 



1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, .\xi. apj). 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. a])p. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Observations on pillar working in 
Northumberland and Durham col- 
lieries, by Stephen C. Crone, ix. 17; 
discussion, ix. 16, 29. 

Method adopted in working the main 
seam of coal at Moira, Leicester- 
shire, particularly with reference to 
spontaneous combustion, by George 
Fowler, x. 161 ; discussion, x. 167. 

Method of abstracting explosive gas 
from the goaves of coal-mines, and 
of assisting the drainage of gas from 
the solid coal, by George Fowler, 
xviii. 157; discussion, xviii. 151; 
xix. 84. 

Method of working coal by longwall, 
with especial reference to deep work- 
ings, by George Fowler, xix. 27 ; 
discussion, xix. 37, 86. 

Experiments made at Framwellgate 
colliery upon longwall way of work- 
ing, 1850, by Wm. Green, jun.jxii. 39. 

Working of thin seams of coal, with 
observations on longwall and board- 
and-pillar work, by G. C. Greenwell, 
iv. 193; discussion, v. 5. 

Two systems of working the main coal 
at Moira, Leicestershire, by W. S. 
Gresley, xxxii. 181 ; discussion, 
xxxii. 221. 

Mode of working the thick or ten-yards 
coal of south Staftordshire. by Henry 
Johnson, x. 183; discussion, x. 197. 

Method of working coal by longwall 
at Annesley colliery, Nottingham- 
shire, by Henry Lewis, xxi. 3 ; dis- 
cussion, xxi. 8, 104. 

System of working coal by the long- 
wall plan, by William Lishman, xvi. 
45; discussion, xvi. 42, 107. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Improvements in mining methods, by 
Prof. "Rochelt, xxxiii. abs. 58. 

Boring against water in coal-mines, by 
Alexander Eoss, xix. 171; discus- 
sion, xix. 175. 

Mining in large bodies of ore, by R. P. 
Roth well, xxxviii. abs. 30. 

Methods of pillar working in the 
South Durham and Cleveland dis- 
tricts, by Wju. Spencer, jun., viii. 
87; discussion, viii. 175; ix. 16. 

Working and ventilation of coal-mines 
in Northumberland and Durham, by 
John Wales, vii. 9; discussion, vii. 
29, 31. 43. 

Longwall workings at East Hetton 
colliery, by W. O. Wood, xxv. 251 ; 
discussion, xxv. 258; xxvi. 64. 



I'rogress of coal-mining in the cfjiintics 
of Derbyshire and NottinghamHhire, 
with a brief account of the nicde of 
working by longwall, by J. T. Wood- 
house, X. 117; discuHHion, x. 137. 

5. Drilling, Bokino Machines, 
Cutting Machines, Tools, etc. 

Boring deep wells by water presHure, 
Anon., xxxiii. abs. 5. 

Brandt hydraulic drilling-machine. 
Anon., xxxvii. abs. 34. 

Lechner electric coal-cutting machine. 
Anon., xxxviii. abs. 6. 

Jeffrey air-feed drill, Anon., xxxviii. 
abs. 23. 

Jeffrey electric coal-mining machine, 
Anon., xxxviii. abs. 67. 

Diamond drill, by A. Bassett, xxiii. 
179; discussion, xxiii. 188. 

Notes on diamond rock-boring, by T. 
J. Bewick, xxx. 93 ; discussion, xxx. 
101; xxxi. 40. 

Jones-and-Bidder machine for working 
and breaking down coal, by S. P. 
Bidder, xix. 11 ; discussion, xix. 13, 
97; experiments at Usworth colliery, 
xix. 14; experiments at Lawton and 
Harecastle collieries, xix. 96. 

System of coal-getting with Burnett 
roller mining-wedge and nicking- 
machine, by W. J. Bird. I. xxxiv. 
193 ; II. XXXV. 97 ; discussion, xxxiv. 
198; XXXV. 97, 99. 

Fracture of a boring tool by dynamite, 
by — Brunei, xxxiii. abs. 82. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. I.; 1H67 and 1868. 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9: 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9 ; 1874, xxiv. app. 9 ; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Cranston deep boring-machine, for 
sinking artesian-wells, sub-marine 
boring and boring for minerals, by 
J. G. Cranston, xxx. 263 ; discussion, 
xxx. 264. 

Donnesthorpe-Firth-Ridley coal-cut- 
ting machine, by John Daglish and 
Lindsay Wood, xii. 63; discussion, 
xii. 48, 78. 

Bornet hand-boring machine, by E. I^. 
Dumas, xxxvii. 117. 

Durant hand-boring machine, by H. 
Durant, xxxvii. abs. 57. 

Self-acting hydraulic coal-cutting 
machine in use at Kippax coUierv, 
Leeds, by T. W. Embleton. xiv. 8.3: 
discussion, xiv. 105, 115. 135. 

Power, effect, cost and wages earned. 
by driving with hydraulic, com- 
pressed-air and hand-power drills. 
by B. R. Forster, xxxi. abs. 45. 



222 



SUIUKCT-MATTKR INUKX TO TRANSAC'TIUNt*. 



KcsulU of rci-ont AnuTican horingH. by 
K. (ind, xxxviii. al)«. VS. 

Coat of machiiu'-drilling compared 
with hand-drilling, by C. Haber, 
xxxi. abs. 24. 

HaswoU moihaniial ooal-gettor : au 
invention for working coal without 
the aid of gunpowder or other ex- 
plosivert. by \V. F. Hall, xxxiii. 37; 
discussion, xxxiii. "jo. 

Cranston pneuiiiaric. rock-drill, by 
Thomas llcppell, xxix. 221. 

Jarolimek hand-boring machine, by 
Joseph Ho/.iik. xxxiii. abs. 9i. 

Hurd-and-Simpsoii coal-getting and 
air-compressing machinery, by Fred- 
erick llurd, xxiii. 107; discussion, 
xxiii. 112. 

Kotary borer, by Egydc Jarolimek, 
xxxii. ab.s. 56. 

Friihlich rock-boring machine, by H. 
Klupfel. xxxviii. aos. 41. 

Meyer stone-boring machine, Viy H. 
Lolling, xxxiii. abs. (i. 

Grafton-Jones coal-getting machine, 
by Arnold Lupton, xix. 239; discus- 
sion, xix. 242. 

Improvements in boring for minerals, 
wells and shafts. Kind system, by 
Herbert Mackworth, ii. 57; discus- 
sion, ii. 09. 

Waring coal-cutting machine, by 
Herbert Mackworth, ii. 67; discus- 
sion, ii. 81, 101. 

Eock-salt in the new red sandstone at 
Middlesbrough (including desci'ip- 
tion of Mathcr-and-Platt boring- 
machine), by John Marlcy, xiii. 17; 
di.HcuHsion, xiii. 92, 106. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marlcy, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Substitutes for blasting in coal-mines, 
by J. Mayer, xxxiii. abs. 91. 

Jefl'crson automatic free-falling hy- 
draulic boring apparatus, by Robert 
Miller, xxix. 235; discussion, xxx. 
H3. 

Rigg - and - Meiklejohn coal - cutting 
machine, by D. P. Morison, xxviii. 
75; discussion, xxviii. 78, 188. 

Experiments with hand - boring 
machines, by Hugo Preuss, xxxiii. 
abs. 74. 

Method of tubing bore-holes in passing 
clay, quicksands and other aren- 
aceous and water-bearing strata, by 
P. S. Reid, ix. 199 ; discussion, x. 
247. 

Plom - and - d'Andrimont system of 
blasting, by \V. Schulz, xxxviii. abs. 
65. 

Simpson mineral excavating machi- 
nery, by George Simpson, xx. 159; 
discussion, xx. 162. 



Coal-cutting and breaking-down appa- 

rat\i8, by A. 1^. Steavenson, xix. 59; 

discUHsion, xix. ()1. 
System of working limestone at liUmp- 

sey mines by hydraulic drills, l)y A. 

Ii. Steavenson, xxxvi. 67; discussion, 

x.xxvi. 71, 121. 
Leon-Dru percussion boring-machine 

with hydraulii- pressure, by — Teck- 

lenburg, xxxii. abs. 67. 
Diamoiul boring-machines, by — Teck- 

Icnburg, xxxiii. abs. 7. 
Diamond rock-bores for artesian wells, 

l)y — Tccklenburg, xxxiii. abs. 90. 
Application of hand-power machines to 

boring shot or other holes in mines: 

Villepigue perforator, Macdermott 

and \\'iili:iiiis, xx. 65. 
Warsop rock-drill, by John Wallace, 

xxiii. 259; discussion, xxiii. 264. 
Waleher mining-wedge, by Eugen 

Ritter von Wurzian, xxxvi. abs. 27. 

6. Blasting, Explosives, Fuze, 
Stemming, etc. 

a. — Gmoral. 

Report of tlic French commission on 
the use of explosives in the pre- 
sence of fire-damp in mines, xiv. and 
164 pages. Price to members, 3s. ; to 
non-members, 15s. ; post free 3d. 
extra. 

Report of the proceedings of the 
flameless explosives committee, 
vii. and 136 pages. Price to mem- 
bers, 5s. ; to non-members, 10s. ; 
pofit free 3d. extra. 

Relative power of explosives, by — 
Bertholet, xxxvi. abs. 48. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Running, discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869. xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Prevention of explosions in mines 
caused by the use of powder, by 
Oscar Bustin, xxxi. abs. 7. 

Improvemeiits in shot-firing, by P. F. 
Chalon, xxxvii. abs. 28. 

Mechanical effect of blowri-out shots 
on ventilation, by — Clarke and 
Henry Hall, xxv. 239; discussion, 
xxvi. 101. 

Safety-lamps and shot-firing, by 
William Galloway, xxiv. 63 ; discus- 
sion, xxiv. 67, 167. 

Results of the employment of new ex- 
plosives in royal collieries in Ger- 
many, by M. Georgi, xxxii. abs. 47. 
Analyses of explosives, by Dr. \N ^ 
Hampe, xxxiii. abs. 8. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



•i.-l% 



Experiments made with explosives 
used in mining, by Dr. — Klose, 
xxxiii. abs. 11. 

Experiments with explosives, by H. 
Lohmann, xxxviii. abs. 56. 

Blasting with distributed charges, by 
Hugo Miinch, xxxiii. abs. 56. 

Eeport of the commission on dynamite 
stores, by D. Murgue, xxxii. abs. 18. 

Accident at Des Eosiers pit, 1883, 
Official, xxxiii. aba. 101. 

Firing shots in mines containing fire- 
damp, by — Perrin, xxxvii. abs. 72. 

6. — Ezjjlosivfx, etc. 

New explosives. Anon., xxxii. abs. 15. 
Kosman safety-cartridge for mines. 

Anon., xxxvi. abs. 25. 
Sttinau lime-cartridge. Anon., xxxvi. 

abs. 45. 
Securite, Anon., xxxviii. abs. 64. 
Dynamite, etc., by Ed. Achard, xxxii. 

abs. 82. 
Grisoutite, carbonite, dynamite, etc., 

by — Braive, xxxviii. abs. 26. 
Securite : a new blasting compound, 

by S. B. Coxon, xxxvi. 79; discus- 
sion, xxxvi. 82. 
Si.nd- and dynamite-cartridges, by 

Wilhelm Jicinski, xxxviii. abs. 7. 
Hellhoffit and carbonit, by — Margraf, 

xxxvi. abs. 27. 
Grisoutite, by Johann Meyer, xxxviii. 

abs. 61. 
Hellhoffite, by Alois Pfeffer, xxxvii. 

abs. 49. 
Hellhoffite and coal-dust, by Rudolph 

Schneider, xxxvii. abs. 50. 
Mining coal by compressed lime, by 

Frank Murray Still, xxxiii. 13; dis- 

CTission, xxxiii. 16, 59. 
Hellhoffite and dynamite, by A. Wies- 

ner, xxxvii. abs. 45. 

r. — Fuze, etc. 

Pistol for firing of s1;ots. Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 66. 

Lauer friction-match system of ignit- 
ing shots, by J. Mayer, xxxvii. abs. 
46. 

Systems of firiiig shots, by Johann 
Meyer, xxxviii. abs. 62. 

Ignition of shots in fiery mines, by — 
Mortier, xxxvii. abs. 30. 

(] . — Stvmm In;/, etc. 

Water-cartridges, Anon., xxxvi. abs. 25. 

Tamping drill-holes with plaster of 
Paris, by Frank Firmstone, xxxiv. 
abs. 29. 

Danger of sparks produced from 
prickers and stemmers used for blast- 
ing purposes in coal-mines, and 
sparks otherwise produced, by Henry 
■ Lawrence, xxxiii. 3; discussion, 
xxxiii. 6, 61. 



7. Shaft Sinkino, Tunnelling, etc. 

Dickinson-Brunton tunnelling mach- 
ine, Anon., xix. 92. 

Channel tunnel-works, 1882, Anon., 
xxxii. 55. 

Sinking of the Ida shaft at Hohndorf, 
Anon., xxxiii. abs. 5. 

Arlberg tunnel bored through. Anon., 
xxxiii. abs. 75. 

Stone tubbing. Anon., xxxvi. abs. 29. 

Sinking a shaft through quicksands by 
compressed-air. Anon., xxxvi. abs. 
35. 

New uses of bore-holes, Anon., xxxvii. 
abs. 16. 

Deepening shafts. Anon., xxxvii. abs. 
58. 

Haase system of sinking through 
qiiicksands. Anon., xxxviii. abs. 29. 

Poetsch system of sinking through 
aquiferous strata by freezing, by — 
Alby, xxxvii. abs. 39. 

Strength of tubbing in shafts, and the 
pressures or forces it has to resist, by 
John J. Atkinson, ix. 175. 

Precautions proper to be adopted in 
order to secure the stability and pre- 
vent the displacement or failure of 
close-topped tubbing in the shafts of 
mines, by John J. Atkinson and 
William Coulson, sen., xi. 9; dis- 
cussion, xii. 19, 43, 46. 

Form and arrangement of pit-shafts, 
by F. Baumann, xxxiv. abs. 8. 

Pressure exerted by water in soil, by 
L. Brennecke, xxxvi. abs. 16. 

Walling of shafts, by — Buisson, 
xxxvii. abs. 71. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning, discuss'on, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869. xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Sinking through running-sands at 
Quievrechain, by E. Chavatte, xxxii. 
abs. 51. 

Historical resume of the Channel tun- 
nel and of the transport of power, 
by Daniel Colladon, xxxiii. abs. 47. 

Poetsch method of sinking through 
water-bearing strata, by E., xxxiii. 
abs. 94. 

Method of measuring the depths of 
working shafts, by — Grafe, xxxii. 
abs. 57. 

Coffering of shafts to keep back water, 
by N. R. Griffith, xxvi. 3; discus- 
sion, xxvi. 8. 
Rapid sinking, by Henry Hall, xxix. 

243 ; discussion, xxix. 246. 
Permeability of cements and mortars, 
by L. M. IIau])t, xxxviii. abs. 21. 



L'24 



.SL'HJK<T-MATTKK INUBX TO TUANSAtTluNS. 



i'oftsili systi'iii of pussiiijj through 
w;iU'r-l)tiuiiig Htratu. hy J. Kfllor. 
xxxiv. alts. 72. 

Poetsch Hystoiii of passing tlirough , 
water-bearing strata, by V. Lebrc- i 
ton, XXXV. ahs. .i.i. 

Sinking of shafts in water-bearing 
strata, by H. Lneg. xxxviii. abs. 3. 

Iinprovoriu'nts in Itoring tor minerals, 
wells and shafts. Kind system, by 
Herbert Maekworth, ii. 57; discus- 
sion, ii. 99. 

Use of iron curbs or cribs for securing 
tile sides of pits and drifts, by — 
Male, XXXV. abs. 53. 

('oal-iiiiiiiiig. etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood. xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Walling of shafts, by — Maussier, 
xxxvii. abs. 71. 

I'oetsch system of passing through 
water-bearing strata, by H. Poetsch, 
xxxiv. abs. M). 

Murton wini*ing in the county of Dur- 
ham, by Kdward Potter, v. 43; dis- 
cussion. V. 148. 

St. Gothard tunnel-works, by — 
Ecvaux. xxxii. abs. 38. 

Mount Viso tunnel, Italy, by — Rey, 
xxxii. abs. 13. 

Sinking of pit-shafts by boring under 
water, as practised by Messrs. Kind 
and Chaudron, by Warrington 
Smyth, XX. 187; discussion, xx. 199: 
xxi. 9. 

Sinking through the sand at Eyhope 
colliery, by John Taylor, v. 148; dis- 
cussion, V. 149. 

riironological review of a number of 
shaft borings, by — Tecklenburg, 
xxxii. abs. 76. 

Use of cement for walling, as a substi- 
tute for metal tubbing iiisliaits.by W. 
Watson, ix. 73 ; discussion, ix. 68, 
142. 

8. Supporting Excavations. 

Rock pressure. Anon., >xxviii. abs. 64. 

I'se of iron supports in the main-roads 
of mines instead of masonry or tim- 
bering, by W. J. Bird and G. Meyer, 
xxxvii. 135; discussion, xxxvii. 
141. 

Metallic lining for galleries, by — 
Gerrard, xxxvi. abs. .35. 

Results of an experiment made at 
Framwellgate colliery to ascertain 
the comparative preserving power of 
coal-tar and ((uicklime upon under- 
ground timber, as compared with 
each other, and with non-prepared 
timber, by Wm. Green, jun., xii. 
37. 

Introduction of steel supports for the 
maintenance of main-roads in the 



mines of Cleveland, by A. L. Stcaven- 
son, xxxvii. 221; discussion, xxxvii. 
244. 
Tellier system of supporting stone- 
drifts, by Leon Tellier, xxxvi. abs. 
34. 

9. SlUSIUENCES. 

Nanticoke mine disaster, .\non., xxxv. 
abs. 56. 

Rock pressure. .Vnon., xxxviii. al)s. 
64. 

Effect produced upon beds of coal by 
working away the over or under- 
lying seams, by (Jeorge I^Uiot, iv. 
141 ; discussion, v. 17. 

Effects jjroduced on the surface by 
mine-workings, by — Fayol, xxxv. 
abs. 62. 

10. SCKFACE AeRANGEMENTS. 

11. Winding, Hauling, UNDEKQRouNn 
Transport and Appliances, Ropes. 
Horses and Signalling. 

a. — RopeM, etc. 

Report on breakage of colliery ropes in 
France, by L. Aguillon, xxxi. abs. 
17. 

Testing ropes and sockets by hydrau- 
lic power, by — Baumann, xxxi. abs. 
20. 

Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Tlieo. Wood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. I. ; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Experiments on the strength of wirc- 
roiK-s and chains, by J. Daglish, vii. 
214 ; discussion, viii. 13. 

Cause of the loss of strength in iron- 
wire when heated, by John Daglish, 
viii. 181. 

Experiments upon winding wire-ropes, 
by A. Kas, xxxvi. abs. 24. 

Accidents to winding-ropes in Dort- 
mund, 1884; Official, xxxv. abs. 5. 

Strength of winding-ropes, by — 
Peters, xxxiv. abs. 69. 

Breakage of a winding-rope at the 
Duke Hardenberg colliery, W'est- 
phalia, by Franz Peters, xxxii. abs. 
80. 

Flat manilla hemp winding-ropes, by 
Chas. Vertongen, xxxiv. abs. 55. 

Winding-ropes in Dortmund, by — 
W^enderoth, xxxi. abs. 21. 

Winding-ropes and their cost in Ger- 
many, by — Wenderoth, xxxvii. abs. 
24. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



h. — Winding, etc. 

Breaking of links in pit-cliains, dis- 
cussion, xi. 161. 

Poecli automatic gates for winding- ' 
shafts. Anon., xxxvi. abs. 23. 

Model hoisting arrangements. Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 7. 

Achard safety-cage, by — Achard, | 
xxxvii. abs. 70. | 

Use of the safety-cage and disengaging [ 
catch, by Robert Aytoun, x. 83; dis- • 
cussion, X. 89. 

Improved plan for drawing coals, by 
Robert Aytoun, xiv. 110; see Collirri/ 
(ruardian . July Sth, 1865. 

Safety-cage, exhibited by James 
Barkus, xviii. 2. 

Winding with a sheave instead of a 
driim by — Baumann, xxxiii. abs. 
9. 

Prevention of over-winding, by — 
Baure, xxxv. abs. 47. i 

Safety-cages, by E. H. Birkenhead, j 
viii. 5. 

Raising coals from great depths by 
atmospheric pressure, on the I 
Blanchet system, translated by I 
Tlieo. Wood Bunnmg, xxiii. 81; dis- | 
cussion, xxiii. 89. | 

Committee to investigate the action of 
safety-cages and hooks, api^ointed, I 
xvi. 128, 130; discussion, xvii. 41, I 
114; report, xix. app. 1; discussion, | 
XX. 80. 1 

Broadbent safety-cage, by John Dag- 
lish, xvi. 33; discussion, xvi. 31, 87, 
106. 

<.'ounterbalancing of winding-engines, 
by John Daglish, xx. 205 ; discus- 
sion, XX. 212; xxi. 218. 

Application of counterbalancing and 
expansion to winding-engines, by j 
John Daglish, xxv. 201 ; discussion, I 
XXV. 207; xxvi. 64. 

Improved expansion gearing for wind- 
ing-engines, by John Daglish, xxix. ' 
3 ; discussioii, xxix. 5. 

Steel-rail guides, by Cli. Demanet, 
xxxi. abs. 28. 

Stauss kejDS, by A. Demeure, xxxvii. 
abs. 40. ' I 

Scroll-drum, by George Fowler, xxi. I 
85; discussion, xxi. 90, 218. j 

Hydraulic motors in the Saxon silver- , 
mines, by Gustav Hahn, xxiii. abs. j 
79. ' 

Harper improved safety-cage appara- j 
tus for ordinary wire-rope con- 
ductors, by John P. Harper, xvi. [ 
113: discussion, xvi. 106, 127. ! 

New hand-gear assisted by steam, for I 
starting and reversing winding- 
engines, used in Belgium, by A. S. i 
Herschel, xxvi. 145; discussion, 
xxvi. 148. I 



.'VpjniratuH for the prevention of over- 
winding, by James I'Anson, xxix. 
^H7 ; discussion, xxix. IHM, 227. 

Safety-cage, by J. Knowles, vi. 235. 

Direct-acting pumping-engines and 
direct-winding engines, by John 
Knowles, xv. 19; discussion, xv. 26. 
121. 

Self-acting rope fastener for winding, 
by W. Laute, xxxii. aVjs. 65. 

Safety-hooks, by William Logan, xxix. 
201; discussion, xxix. 214, 229. 

Klinik safety-catch for cages, ))y 
Richard Luders, xxxviii. abs. 16. 

Safety-cages, by John Marley, xv. 
107; discussion, xv. Ill; xvi. 23. 

Fowler apparatus for loading and un- 
loading pit-cages, by D. P. Morisoii, 
xxiii. 29; discussion, xxiii. 35. 

Shaft and winding machinery at tlie 
Bockwa-Hohndorf-Vereinigtfeld col- 
liery, Vjy B. Otto, xxxiv. abs. 8. 

Description of a winding-engine with 
self-acting variable expansion, by 
William Page, xxvi. 109; di.scussion, 
xxvi. 114. 

Winding-engine for Anzin collieries, 
by — de Quillacq, xxvii. 2X(). 

Control-apparatus for winding-engines, 
by J. Sprenger, xxxvii. abs. 21. 

Cage-catches, by Julius Sprenger, 
xxxvii. abs. 42. 

Hydraulic brakes for winding-engines, 
by Julius Sprenger, xxxvii. abs. 
43. 

Hand-lever assisted by steam, for re- 
versing winding and other large 
engines, by A. Stevart, xxvi. 147; 
discussion, xxvi. 148. 

Walker detaching-hook, by W. Wal- 
ker, xxiv. 35. 

Safety-cage, by James Watson, xvii. 30. 

White -and - Grant safety - cage for 
mines, by N. Wood, iii. 29; discus- 
sion, iii. 225. 

Reumaux hydraulic rams for lowering 
the cage at the bottom of the shaft, 
by J. Wuillot, xxxvi. abs. 16. 

''. — Haulayv, efr. 

Legrand system of chair sleepers, dis- 
cussion, xvii. 32. 

Haulage exhibits in the Newcastle- 
upon-Tvne Jubilee exhibition, xxxvi. 
218. 

Advantage and necessity of the intro- 
duction of steam-power for tlie pur- 
pose of underground conveyance in 
the coal and ironstone mines of 
south Staffordshire, by Samuel 
Bailey, x. 25; discussion, x. 37. 

Description of fourteen different 
modes of lubricating coal-tubs or 
corves, by Emerson Bainbridge, xxv. 
215; discussion, xxv. 223; xxvii. 
8. 

15 



220 



MLIUEIT-MAIIKU IXUEX Tl) THANSACTIONS. 



(Jrciwinp of pit-tubs witli closi-d axle- 
boxes, by — Haumaiin. xxxi. alts. ;J7. 

Tail-ropeH, l)y ('. llurkloy and (j. (.'. 
(iri'tMiwell, XV. 81; discussion, xv. 

Il;uilapo at tlie Rothsiliild coniery. 
Ilruschau, by Josef Holnii, xxxiii. 
abs. 75. 
rnderground eonveyanec in the Clove- 
land district, with remarks on the 
action ot the cli|)-pullcy, etc.. by 
William Cockburn, xvi. 95; discus- 
sion, xvi. 92. 125. 
Tail-rope committee, xiv. 112, 113, 
13;J; xvi. 1, 101; report, xvi. Ktl; 
report of the tail-rojte committee, 
xvii. app. I.; discussion, xviii. (51, 
71 ; presentation of books to Knier- 
sou Hainbridge, engineer to commits 
tee, xviii. 41. 
rnderground haulage, committee ap- 
pointed, xxvii. 99. 
Application of machines worked by 
coniure.ssed-air in the collieries of 
Sarslongcliamps and Bouvy, Saint- 
vaast, ik'lgium, by F. L. Cornet, 
translated by John Daglish, xxi. 
199; discussion, xxi. 217; xxii. 21, 
.30, 72. 
Conveyance of coal underground, by 
John Daglish, xvi. 53; discussion, 
xvi. 49. 88. 
Automatic stops for wagons on in- 
clines, by — Dinolre, xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Haulage, bv Alfred 6vrard, xxxiii. 

abs. 43. 
Hydraulic motors in the Saxon silver- 
niines.by Ciustav Hahn.xxiii.abs. 79. 
Ropo-haulagc in mines, by E. Har- 

mant. xxxv. aba. 47. 
Remarks on endless-rope haulage, by 
W. Jackson, xxviii. 243; discussion, 
xxix. 71. 
Endless-chain haulage in Spain, by 
George Lee, xxxiii. 187; discussion, 
xxxiii. 212. 
Endless-chain in Spain, by George 

Lee. xxxvii. 81. 
Safety-catch for tubs running upon in- 
clined-planes, by A. Lisbet, xxxvi. 
abs. 45. 
Automatic self-acting inclined-planes, 
by — Malissard-Taza, xxxv. abs. 64. 
Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 
Underground haulage at Pelton col- 
liery, by D. P. Morison and James 
Nelson, xvi. 117; discussion, xvi. 
101, 127. 
Safety-catches for inclined-planes, by 

— Mortier, xxxvii. abs. 30. 
New method of rope-haulage, by 
James Pease, xxviii. 237; discussion, 
xxix. 71. 



Safety-catches for inclined-planes, by 

— Hameau, xxxvii. abs. 30. 
Token for coal-tubs, by J. Uamsay. v. 

1, 63. 
Rope transport in seams lying at hi^h 

angles, by Wilhelm v. Reuss, xxxiii. 

ul)s. 93. 
Inclines with intermediate landings, 

by Charles Huidant, xxxviii. abs. 23. 
Electric machinery in mines, by Prof. 

W. Schulz, xxxiv. abs. 5. 
Incline worked bv electric machinery. 

by Siemens and Halske, xxxvii. al)s. 

80. 
Description of air-compressing machi- 
nery as applied to underground 

haulage, etc., at Kyhopc colliery, l)y 

W. N. Taylor, xxi. 73; discussion, 

xxi. HO; xxii. 21, 30, 72. 
Resistance of tubs to traction, by — 

Thibaut, xxxii. abs. 15. 
Rope- and ch;iin-haiilage at the royal 

coal-mine Von der Heydt, near Saar- 

briicken, by — Vollert, xxxii. abs. 65. 
Conveyance of coals underground in 

coal-mines, by Nicholas Wood, iii. 

239; appendix, v. 65; discussion, iv. 

32 ; vi. 2. 
Endless-chain bank at Mariemont, by 

Jos. Wuillot, xxxiii. aba. 84. 

(I . — Si(/iialli/i(/, ctr. 

Ramsey-and-Cooke signal indicator, by 
John Cooke, xix. 21 ; discussion, xix. 
24, 98. 

Electric signals on underground 
engine-planes, by William Lishman 
(Witton), xxiv. 165; discussion, xxiv. 
166. 

Coating for telegraph-wires, by C. 
Wideman, xxxiii. abs. 45. 

JJorxts, etc. 

Feeding and management of colliery 
horses, by Charles Hunting, xxxii. 
61 ; discussion, xxxii. Ill, 154. 

12. Lighting. 

a. — (Jeiivral. 

Ackroyd-and-Best safety-lamp clean- 
ing-machine, by William Ackroyd, 
xxxvii. 121. 

Testing of safety-lamps : an account of 
experiments made by Professors 
Kreischer and Winkler, by Prof. P. 
P. Bedson, xxxv. 3 ; discussion, 
xxxv. 43. 

Description of patents connected w^ith 
mining operations, by Theo. ^^'ood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. 32, 54 ; 
1866, xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9 ; 1873, xxiii. app. 9; 
1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. app. 9. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



227 



Safety-lamps and shot-firing, by 
AVilliam Galloway, xxiv. 63; discus- 
sion, xxiv. 67, 167. 

Safety-lamps for mines : report of com- 
mission instituted in Belgium hy 
decree of January 20th, 1868, trans- 
lated by C. G. Jackson, xxix. 113. 

Lighting of fiery-mines in Belgium : 
decree of June 17th, 1876, trans- 
lated by C. G. Jackson, xxix. 129. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Photometer, by — De Rey-Pailhadc, 
xxxii. abs. 52. 

h. — Safety-lamps, etc. 

Jones safety-lamp, discussion, xi. 159. 

Aluminium wire-gauze for safety- 
lamps, discussion, xi. 178. 

Safety-lamps, discussion, xii. 72. 

Safety-lamps, Hetton lamp, xvii. 63. 

Edmund Hann safety-lamp, xviii. 5. 

Miiesler safety-lamp, with an electrical 
bell, Anon., xxxii. abs. 62. 

Cuvelier lock for safety-lamps. Anon., 
xxxvii. abs. 1. 

Howat multitubular lamp, by W. Arm- 
strong, xxix. 155. 

Improved safety-lamps of the Davy 
and Mneseler types, by James Ash- 
worth, xxix. 145 ; discussion, xxix. 
154. 

New safety-lamp, by Emerson Bain- 
bridge, xxiii. 15; discussion, xxiii. 
20. 

Safety-lamp designed to meet the re- 
qiiirementa of the Mines Eegulation 
Act, 1887, by Emerson Bainbridge, 
xxxvii. 75; discussion, xxxvii. 79. 

Craig - and - Bidder electro - magnetic 
lock for safety-lamps, by S. P. Bid- 
der, xix. 15; discussion, xix. 16. 

Marsaut lamp, by M. Walton Brown, 
xxxiv. 161 ; discussion, xxxiv. 165. 

Experiments on the Wolf safety-lamp, 
by M. Walton Brown, xxxiv. 293. 

Pieler spirit-lamp as a fire-damp in- 
dicator, by M. Walton Brown, 
xxxviii. 177; discussion, xxxviii. 182. 

Pieler lamp, and modes of indicating 
the presence of small quantities of 
fire-damp in mines, by T. W. Bun- 
ning, xxxiv. 285. 

Wolf safety-lamp, by T. W. Bunning, 
xxxiv. 291; discussion, xxxiv. 295. 

Cambessedes safety-lamp, by — Cam- 
bessedes. xxxvi. abs. 43. 

Safety mining-lamps, by — de Castel- 
nau, xxxvi. abs. 43. 

Marsaut safety-lamp, by F. Chal- 
meton, xxxii. abs. 16. 

Safety-lamps : notes on Mr. Marsaut's 
experiments, by H. Le Chatelier and 
E. Mallard, xxxiii. abs. 39. 



Report of a committee appointed to 
test safety-lamps, xvii. 5; second re- 
port, xvii. 37. 

Curter safety-lamp, by Prof. V. Curter, 
xxxiii. abs. 58. 

Safety-lamp, exhibited by Jf)hn Dag- 
lish, xvi. 5. 

Pneumatic safety-lamp lock, l>y P. 
Devisme, liii. 2. 

Douglas safety-lamp, by John Doug- 
las, XXXV. 65; discussion, xxxv. 67. 

Cuvelier lock for safety-lamps, by E. 
L. Dumas, xxxvi. 51 ; discussion, 
xxxvi. 54. 

Improved safety-lamp, by Dr. George 
Fife, i. 269. ^ 

Improved safety-lamp, by Dr. — 
Glover, i. 187; discussion, i. 268. 

Safety-lamp for the use of coal-miners, 
by T. Y. Hall, i. 268, 270, 323. 

Observations on safety-lamps, by T. Y. 
Hall, ii. 26; discussion, ii. 78. 

Catrice apparatus for relighting locked 
safety-lamps, by L. Janet, xxxvii. 
abs. 54. 

Gauzeless safety-lamp, by James 
McKinless, xxxvii. 69; discussion, 
xxxvii. 72. 

Safety-lamps, by Johann Meyer, xxxiv. 
abs. 50. 

Safety-lamp lock, by James A. Rich- 
mond Morison, xviii. 2; discussion, 
xviii. 2. 

Safety-lamps in use at the royal col- 
lieries near Saarbriicken, Prussian 
fire-damp commission, xxxii. abs. 
80. 

Routledge-and-Johnson double com- 
bination miners' safety-lamp. Nos. 1 
and 2, by J. Eoutledge, xxxiv. 183; 
discussion, xxxiv. iSS, 295. 

Mueseler lamp, by A. R. Sawyer, xxix. 
141 ; discussion, xxix. 144. 154. 

Benzine lamps in coal-mines by Dr. — 
Schoud^rff, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

Experiments upon the Boty safety- 
lamp, by Dr. — Schondorff, xxxviii. 
abs. 38. 

Experiments upon various forms of 
safety-lamps and imperfect safety- 
lamp, by Dr. — Schondorff, xxxviii. 
abs. 41. 

Fasteners for safety-lamps (paper with- 
drawn), by — Smith, xvi. 133. 

Experiments on safety-lamps at Walls- 
end I'olliei-y. by Thomas John Tay- 
lor, i. 316; discussion, ii. 51. 

Safety-lamps for lighting coal-mini>s. 
by Nicholas Wood, i. 301, 318; dis- 
cussion, i. 237, 252; ii. 51. 

c. — Electric-lam /'.<. 

Electric safety-lamp with Schanschieff 
primary single-liquid battery, by S. 
B. Coxon, xxxvi. 89; discussion, 
xxxvi. 92. 



•2-J8 



SUIUECT-MATTKU INDKX To THANSACTIONS. 



Cost of electric light, by Fred. Decker, 

xxxiii. al)H. 7H. 
Phosphorescent light, hy Alphonsc 

Diiiuar. xiv. 71. 
Iiiciiiidesceiit liiiiipH ill explosive gases, 

by H. Hutcliiiis, xxxvii. ahs. 7.}. 
Swan electric lamp, as adapted for 
mining purposes, hy .Josejih Wilson 
Swan, XXX. 14;t; discussion, xxx. 

1.-k5. 
Electric safety-lamp, with portable 

secondary battery, bv Joseph Wilson 

Swan, xxxi. 117; cfiscussion, xxxi. 

118. 
Portable electric safety-lamp for 

miners, by .Joseph Wilson Swan, 

XXXV. .51 ; discussion, xxxv. ot. 
Improved electric safety-lamp, by 

Joseph Wilson Swan, xxxvi. ',i; dis- 
cussion, xxxvi. 7, 55. 
Portable electric lamp, by Oswald 

Swete, xxxviii. 17; discussion, 

xxxviii. 17. 
Sunlight electric miners lamp, by — 

rnjuliart. xxxvii. 113; discussion, 

xxxvii. 114. 

13. Ventilation an'd Appliances. 

a. — (iiiK ral. 

Aroud tube-method of clearing a mine 
of tire-damp. Anon., xxxvii. abs. 
(J9. 

Ventilation of underground boilers, by 
Wni. Armstrong and John Daglish, 
xii. 79; discussion, xii. 78; xiii. 3. 

Ventilation of coal-mines, splitting 
curr nts. by — Arundel, v. 229. 

Tlico.y of the ventilation of mines, by 
J. J. Atkinson, iii. 73; supplemen- 
tary matter (abstract of pajier), iii. 
321; discussion, iii. 55, 236, 372; iv. 
4, 7, .32. 

Proportions in whicli air in mines dis- 
tributes itself over several splits or 
routes, having different lengths and 
offering different resistances to cur- 
rents of air passing through them, 
by John J. Atkinson, vi. 16.3 ; discus- 
sion, vii. 61, 105, 127, 184, 190. 

Experiments on the proportions in 
which different gross quantities of 
air . . divide themselves over 

splits of various lengths . . . , 
by John J. Atkinson, vi. 229. 

Law of the square roots of the ventilat- 
ing pressures being proportional to 
the quantities of air, by J. J. Atkin- 
son, vi. 234. 

Relative importance of certain causes 
in producing changes of density in 
the air of mines, as it progresses in 
circulating, by John J. Atkinson, 
vii. 115. 

Review of the results of the experi- 
ments that have been made to test 



. certain . . . conclusions 
. . . relative to the ventilation of 
mines, by John J. Atkinson, vii. 133. 

Remarks on .Mr. T. J. Taylors |)rclinii- 
nary paper on "The causes of the 
variations of the density of air cir- 
culating in coal-mines," by John J. 
Atkinson, vii. 185. 

Remarks as to the comparative effi- 
ciency of two modes of ventilating 
the ilibernia colliery, Prussia, by 
John J. Atkinson, xii. 51; discus- 
sion, xii. 47, 76. 

Paradoxes in the ventilation of mines, 
by John J. Atkinson and John Dag- 
lish, xii. 93; discussion, xii. 85; xiii. 
5, 14. 48, 104. 

Ventilation and gases of coal-mines, 
and the working of pillars, by Wm. 
Barkus, sen., i. 239; discussion, i. 
233. 

Ventilation of mines in Westphalia, by 
L. Bochet, xxxvi. abs. 17. 

Description of patents conn* cted with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning. discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866, xvii. app. 1.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. I.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, xxiv. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Mechanical effect of blown-out shots 
on ventilation, by — Clarke and 
Henry Hall, xxv. 239; discussion, 
xxvi. 101. 

Water-gauge, harometer, and other 
observations taken at Sealiam col- 
liery during the time the Maudlin 
seam was sealed up, by V. W. Cor- 
bett, xxxii. 225; discussion, xxxii. 
311. 

Removal of carbiirctted hydrogen in 
coal-mines by exploding it daily by 
means of electricity, by — Eikes, i. 
213. 

Experiments on the resistance to air- 
currents in Diines. by T. L. El wen, 
xxxviii. 205; discussion, xxxviii. 216. 

Separate ventilation and its cost, by 
B. R. F6rst«r. xxxi. abs. 31. 

Method of .abstracting explosive gas 
from the goaves of coal-mines, and 
of assisting the drainage of gas from 
the solid coal, by George Fowler, 
xviii. 157; discussion, .xviii. 151; 
xix. 84. 

Observations on the greater facility of 
ventilating dip than rise workings, 
by G. C. Greenwell, ii. 31; discus- 
sion, ii. 56. 

Ventilation of Prussian collieries, by 
A. Hasslacher, xxxii. abs. 22. 

Effective area [equivalent orifice] of 
air-currents, by R. Hausse, xxxii. 
abs. 18. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



229 



Plan of ventilating coal-mines, l)y 
George Hcpple, v. 145. 

Climatic conditions of the Zwickau col- 
lieries, Saxony, by Dr. — Hesse and 
— Menzel, xxxii. abs. 41. 

Automatic swing door, by James A. 
Longridge, i. 235. 

Certain changes which take place in 
the condition of the air during its 
passage through the shafts and 
workings of a mine, and their effect 
vipon ventilation, by J. A. Long- 
ridge, iv. 203. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Moisture of the air of mines, by R. 
Nasse, xxxviii. abs. 34. 

Ventilation tables: 1, relative venti- 
lating power of different sized air- 
ways; 2, relative ventilating power 
of long and short airways ; 3, quan- 
tities of air discharged by square 
airways, one mile long; 4, velocity 
and pressure due to columns of air 
up to 384 feet in height ; 5, ventilat- 
ing pressure in inches of water ob- 
tainable by furnace-shafts; 6, square- 
roots of water-gauge pressures, by F. 
H. Pearce, xxxiii. 93. 

Gas-drifts for draining goaves in coal- 
mines, and ascensional ventilation, 
by Alexander Ross, vii. 79; discus- 
sion, viii. 9. 

Auxiliary ventilation for gassy-pits, 
by C. Von Steindel, xxxiv. abs. 3. 

Notes on Mr. J. J. Atkinson's paper 
entitled " Theory of the ventilation 
of mines," by T. J. Taylor, iii. 
347. 

Contraction of uiDcast-shafts, by T. J. 
Taylor, iv. 15. 

Caixses of the variation of the density 
of air circtilating in coal-mines, by 
Thomas John Taylor, vii. 129. 

Lundhill accident, and on the venti- 
lation of coal-mines generally, by 
John Wales, vi. 204; discussion, vi. 
213. 

Working arid ventilation of coal-mines 
in Northumberland and Durham, by 
John Wales, vii. 9; disciission, vii. 
29, 31, 43. 

Chemical analysis of the return-air of 
collieries in Saxony, by Dr. CI. 
Winkler, xxxii. abs. 25. 

Experiments at Hetton collieries, to 
test Mr. Atkinson's theory on the 
distribution of air in splits, by 
Nicholas Wood, vii. 62; discussion, 
vii. 70. 

Proportion in which the air in mines 
distributes itself in routes or splits 
of different lengths, by Nicholas 
Wood, vii. 195. 



I). — Furnari'H, iS/cam-ji'tn, fJr. 

Ventilating furnaces, and their elas- 
ticity of action, by William Arm- 
strong, ix. 75 ; discussion, ix. 70,149. 

Experiments to determine the relative 
value of the tiirnace and steairi-jct 
as ventilating powers, by Win. Arm- 
strong, jxm., i. 165; discussion, i. 65, 
209, 225. 

Consumption of fuel by ventilating 
furnaces and ventilating machines, 
when used to ventilate mines, Vjy 
John J. Atkinson, vi. 135. 

Experiments at Team colliery to deter- 
mine the relative value of the fur- 
nace and steam-jet as ventilating 
powers, by Wm. Barkus, sen., i. 195; 
discussion, i. 209, 225. 

Injurious action on iron in upcast- 
shafts, by John Daglisli, viii. 179. 

Construction of ventiiating-furnaces, 
by John Daglish, ix. 131. 

Destructive action of furnace-gases in 
upcast-shafts, by John Daglish, xi. 
19; discussion, xii. 25. 

Report on the ventilation of mines 
with reference to the steam-jet and 
furnaces at Seaton Delaval colliery, 
by M. Dunn, discussion, i. 210, 225. 

Upcast-shafts and their heated air- 
currents, by R. Heckels, xiii. 53. 

Action of a jet of steam as a motive 
power for purpose of ventilation, by 
James A. Longridge, i. 35; discus- 
sion, i. 209, 225. 

Relative position of upcast-shafts, and 
the loss of temperature in the same, 
by James A. Longridge, iv. 147. 

Water as a ventilating power, by 
Herbert Mackworth, ii. 71 ; discus- 
sion, ii. 81. 

Remarks relative to the ventilation of 
the Castle Eden colliery, by Matthew 
B. Robson, i. 206; discussion, i. 209, 
225. 

Experiments with steam-jets at East 
Holywell colliery, by Thomas John 
Taylor, i. 203; discus'sion, i. 209. 225. 

Observations on the furnace and fan 
and mine ventilation, by G. M. Wil- 
liams, xxxviii. abs. 22. 

Experiments on the relative value of 
the furnace and the steam-jet in the 
ventilation of coal-mines, introduc- 
tion, 71 ; description of furnaces used 
in ventilation, 75 ; principles of 
action of the furnace, 77 ; natural 
ventilation, 78; steam-jet, 89; re- 
sistance of the air in mines, 97 ; 
water-gauge, 103; experiments, 104; 
Hetton colliery, 106; Killingworth 
colliery, 115; Tyne Main colliery, 
123; Norwood colliery, 127; re- 
marks on the experiments, 128; 
natural ventilation, 138; boiler-fires, 
139; engine-tires and steam. 139; 



'230 



SUIUKCT-MATIKU INKKX TO TUANSACTIONS. 



Btoaiii-ji't, 141; turnine, liH; lur- 
nai't' and stoain-ji-tH, lol ; apjx'iidix, 
158, by NicliohiH \\'(M)d; diHc-iisHiou, 
i. 65. 191. 2()9. 225. 

r. — Merhaniral V rnlilaturi'. 

Ventilation of the St. Louis tunnel, 
r.S.A., Anon., xxxii. ahs. 63. 

Ex|)('riiiifiits with (iuil)al tans at Com- 
heredoiido and ('ra(lu>t-l'i(<|Ucry fol- 
lieries. Anon., xxxiii. alis. 56. 

Kloy ventilating fan.. Anon., xxxvi. 
ahs. 2H. 

Ventilating inarhine, Anon., xxxvii. 
ahs. l)H. 

Consuniption of fuel by ventilating 
fiirnaros and ventilating machines, 
when used to ventilate mines, by 
John J. Atkinson, vi. 1.35. 

Ventilating fan at the Ileniingfield 
pits of the Klseear colliery, by John 
J. Atkinson, xi. 89; discussion, xii. 
27. 

New ventilating fan, by T. J. Bowlker, 
xxxi. 93; discussion, xxxi. 238; 
xxxii. 24, 116. 

Pelzer fan, by — Clamens, xxxi. aba. 
9. 

Description of Guibal ventilator at 
KIswick colliery, by William Coch- 
rane, xiv. 73. 

Remarks on Gxiibal and Lemielle 
systems of ventilation, by William 
Cochrane, xviii. 139; discussion, 
xviii. 1.30; xix. 2. 

Advantages of centrifugal-action ma- 
chines for the ventilation of mines, 
by William Cochrane, xxvi. 161 ; 
discussion, xxvi. 177; xxvii. 100. 

Cooke ventilating machine, by William 
Cockburn, xxvi. 151 ; discussion, 
xxvii. ]0(J. 

Report of the committee on mechani- 
cal ventilators, appointed 1878, xxx. 
273; discussion, xxxii. 26, 116. 

Cooke ventilating apparatus, by John 
Cooke, xix. 17; discussion, xix. 
20. 

Ser centrifugal fan, by — Fran9ois, 
xxxvi. abs. 1. 

Experiments with the covered ventila- 
tor of T. Guibal, at the colliery of 
Crachet-Picquery, Framerics, by — 
Franeau and — Gille, translated by 
A. L. Steavenson, xvi. 11; discus- 
sion, xvi. 6, 42, 50. 

Underground ventilating fan in West- 
pliaha, by L. Graff, xxxvii. abs. 
44. 

Comparison of the Guibal and Lemi- 
elle systems of mechanical ventila- 
tors, by T. Guibal. communicated 
by Wm. Cochrane, xvi. 57; discus- 
sion, xvi. ,30, 50; xvii. 80. 

New theory of centrifugal fans, by J. 
Hcnrotte, xxxvii. abs. 51. 



Capell ventilating fan. by — llcrbat. 
xxxviii. abs. 9. 

Experijuents on a centrifugal-blower 
delivering air into the atmosphere at 
large, by — Isherwood, xxxviii. abs. 
48. 

Guibal fan with conical inlet, by A. 
Kas, xxxviii. abs. 63. 

Ajiplication of artificial ventilation in 
the Mont Cenis tunnel, by F. de 
Kossuth, xxxii. abs. 39. 

Lemielle system of ventilation of 
mines, by Francois Laurent, vi. 129; 
disi-ussiou, vi. 21, 127. 

Lloyd ventilating fan, by S. Mac- 
Carthy, xix. .j ; discussion, xix. 6. 

Portable Ser ventilating fan, by — 
Matliet, xxxvii. abs. 32. 

Combcredonde ventilator, by P. Mire, 
xxxii. abs. 54. 

Experiments on Guibal and Waddle 
ventilators at Pelton colliery, by D. 
P. Morisou, xviii. 99; discussion, 
xviii. 100; xix. 2. 

Econt)mical advantages of mechanical 
ventilation, by U. P. Morison, xix. 
223; discussion, xix. 233. 

Compression ventilation of a mine by 
means of a Guibal fan placed under- 
ground, by B. Otto, xxxiv. abs. 
49. 

Experiments on a new ventilating fan, 
by L. Ser, xxxiii. abs. 67. 

Experiments with the Lemielle venti- 
lator at Page-bank colliery, by A. 
L. Steavenson. xviii. 63; discussion, 
xviii. 57, 99, 130; xix. 2. 

Remarks on mechanical ventilation, by 
A. L. Steavenson, xviii. 133; discus- 
sion, xviii. 130; xix. 2. 

Alexandre fan, by Louis Thibaut, 
xxxvi. abs. 46. 

Observations on the furnace and fan, 
and mine ventilation, by G. M. Wil- 
liams, xxxviii. abs. 22. 

(I . — Aj)/ilia7irfis. 

Ventilating instruments, by L. Aguil- 
lon, xxxi. abs. 7. 

Wollaston water-gauge, by J. J. Atkin- 
son, iii. 168. 

Various modes of ascertaining the 
velocities of currents of air in mines 
in order to determine the quantities 
circulating in a given time, by John 
J. Atkinson and John Daglish, x. 
207; discussion, x. 241, 249. 

Certain improvements in the construc- 
tion of the water-gauge, by John 
Daglish, XV. 103; discussion, xv. 
104. 

Application of the water-gauge for 
ascertaining the pressure of the ven- 
tilating column in mines, by John 
Daglish, xvii. 27; discussion, xvii. 
29, 41. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



231 



Dubois mouchard or registering water- 
gauge, by L. Desailly, xxxv. abs. 69. 

Volume-regulator for centrifugal fans, 
by L. Desailly, xxxv. abs. 72. 

Telephonic ventilation tell-tale, by 
Henry Hall, xxvii. 121 ; discussion, 
xxviii. 67. 

Velocity with which a gas 2Dasses from 
one pressure to a lower pressure, Ijy 
G. A. Hirn, xxxvi. aba. 26. 

Buxton ventilation register and de- 
tector, by W. F. Howard, x. 133. 

Automatic swing door, by James A. 
l.ongridge, i. 235. 

Recording water-gauge, by A. Friere 
Marreco, xxviii. 71; discussion, 
xxviii. 72. 

Time recorder, by P. S. Reid, i. 251. 

LMekinson anemometer, by P. S. Eeid, 
ii. 82; discussion, ii. 82. 

14. Mine Gases and Testing 
Appliances. 

a. — Mine (basest. 
Variations of the volume of fire-damp 
given off by a working district. 
Anon., xxxvii. abs. 77. 
Ventilation and gases of coal-mines, 
and the working of pillars, by Wm. 
Barkus, sen., i. 239; discussion, i. 
233. 
Sudden outbursts of fire-damp and car- 
bonic acid gas at Combelle colliery, 
by — Bresson, xxxvii. abs. 72. 
Outbursts of gas in metalliferous 
mines, by Bennett H. Brough, 
xxxviii. 59; discussion, xxxviii. 70. 
Observation of earth-shakes or trem- 
ors, in order to foretell the issue 
of sudden outbursts of fire-damp, by 
M. Walton Brown, xxxiii. 179; dis- 
cussion, xxxiii. 183 ; xxxiv. 168. 
Account of experiments in France 
upon the possible connection be- 
tween movements of the earth's 
crust and the issues of gases in 
mines, by M. Vvalton Brown, xxxvi. 
43; discussion, xxxvi. 45, 86, 120. 
Report of the committee appointed to 
inquire into the observations of 
earth-treni6rs with the view of 
determining their connection, if 
any, with the issue of gas in mines, 
by M. Walton Brown, xxxvii. 55; 
discussion, xxxvii. 64. 
Outburst of carbonic acid gas at 
Rochebelle colliery, Gard, France, 
by — de Castelnau, xxxii. abs. 28. 
Experimental and theoretical essays on 
the combustion of explosive mixtures 
of gases, by H. Le Chatelicr and E. 
Mallard, xxxiii. abs. 69, 102. 
Remarks upon the experiments of the 
Prussian Fire-damp Commission, by 
H. Le Chatelier and E. Mallard, 
xxxvi. abs. 13. 



IiiHuence of seismic movementB upon 
the evolution of ga.s, by Cler- 
mont, xxxvi. abs. 43. 
Sudden outbursts of fire-damp and car- 
bonic acid gas at Combelle colliery, 
by — Clermont, xxxviii. ab.s. 72. 
Outburst or sudden issue of fire-damp 
at Htrafiord Main colliery, Barnsley, 
Yorkshire, October 1st, 1867, by 
Philip Cooper, xvii. 43; discussion, 
^ xvii. 42, 55, 106. 

Further observations on sudden issu?s 
of fire-damp, by Philip Cooper, xvii. 
81; discussion, xvii. 106. 
French Fire-damp Commission, l)y A. 

Daubrec, xxxi. abs. 14. 
Earthquakes and fire-damp in mines, 

by F. A. Forel, xxxviii. abs. 18. 
Method of abstracting explosive gas 
from the goaves of coal-mines, and 
of assisting the drainage of gas from 
the solid coal, by George Fowler, 
xviii. 157; discussion, xviii. 151; 
xix. 84. 
Prevention of explosions of fire-damp. 
by Haton de la Goupilliere, xxxii. 
abs. 28. 
Inflammability of light carburetted 
hydrogen gas, by G. C. Greenwell, 
i. 256; discussion, 1. 257. 
Blowers of carbonic acid gas at Roche- 
belle collieries, Gard, 1' ranee, by G. 
Hanarte, xxxvii. abs. 32. 
Atmospheric pressure and the issue of 
fire-damp, bv C. Hilt, xxxvi. abs. 28. 
Utilisation of fire-damp, by C. Hilt, 

xxxvi. abs. 47. 
Remarks on Mr. Lindsay Wood's " Ex- 
periments showing the pressure of 
gas in the solid coal," by E. Mal- 
lard, translated by M. Walton 
Brown, xxxii. 123; discussion, xxxii. 
311. 
Account of Dr. Ernst Von Meyer's 
recent examination of tlie gases oc- 
cluded by coal, by A. Freire Mar- 
reco, xxii. 25; discussion, xxii. 26, 
129, 135. 
Notes on recent examinations of coal- 
gases, by A. Freire Marreco, xxv. 
41; discussion, xxv. 43. 
Notes on the gases occluded by differ- 
ent coals, by A. Freire Marreco, 
xxvi. 35 ; discussion, xxvi. 37. 
Experiments upon tlie ignition of coal- 
gas and fire-damp by sparks, by 
Johaiiu Mayer, xxxvi. abs. 41. 
Dislocations in tlie thill, with the pre- 
sence, amount, and tension of gas 
in the Silkstone se-.mi of Straf^"o;d 
Main colliery, by Robert Miller, xxv. 
23; discussion, xxv. 104. 
Prussian Couiinission on explosions in 

mines. Official, xxxi. abs. 13. 
Prussian Fire - damp Commission, 
Official, xxxii. abs. 64. 



232 



SUtUBCT-MArrSR IXDBX TO TBAXSArxiOXS. 



Expori Hunts of the Prujjsian Fire- 
aainp Commission on explos^ions of 
coal-(luHt and gaa. Official, xxxrii. 
ab«. HJ). 

Practice with ga» at blowers, by P. S. 
Keiil, iii. 3^^ ; disciuition, iii. 229, 
236. 

Exporimenta upon the ignition of coal- 

fas and fire-<lamp hy sparks, by 
ulius Von Springer, ixxvi. abs. 42. 

Experiments upon the effects of atmos- 
pheric pressure upon the production 
of fire-damp in coal-mines, by Prof. 
Edward Suess. xxxv. abs. 34. 

Pnwfs «>t the subsistence of the fire- 
damp of coal-mines in a state of 
high tension in ^itu, and prajtica! 
conclusions to be deduced from this 
circumstance, by T. John Taylor, i. 
275 : discussion, ii. 12. 

Experiments showing the pressure of 
gas in solid coal, by Lindsay Wood, 
XXX. 163 : discussion, xxx. 257 ; xxxii. 
311. 

b. — Tr^ting Appliances. 

Shaw gas-tosting apparatus. Anon., 
xxxvii. abs. 72. 

New^ method of indicating the pre- 
sence and amount of fire-damp and 
of choke-damp in coal and in iron- 
mines, by George Frederick Ansell, 
XV. 16.5; discussion, xv. l&J ; xvi. 2. 

Apparatus for detecting the presence 
of noxious gases, by Paul Binsfeld 
and Gustav D. Orviile, xxxviii. abs. 
68. 

Pieler spirit-lamp as a fire-damp in- 
dicator, by M. Walton Brown, 
xxxviii. 177; discussion, xxxviii. 192. 

Pieler lamp and modes of indicating 
the presence of small quantities of 
fire-damp in mines, by T. W. Bun- 
ning, xxjciv. 285. 

Coqnillion apparatus for analysing fire- 
damp, by — Cast^l, xxxii. abs. 6. 

Cotiuiliion grisoumetre exhibited, 
xxvii. 97. 

Fire-damp detector, by Prof. — 
Forles, xzix. 171; discussion, xxix. 
173. 

Fire-damp indicator, by Sir William 
Thomas Lewis and A. H. Maurice, 
xxxvi. 73: discussion, xxxvi. 76. 

Method of detecting very small quan- 
tities of inflammable gas and of es- 
timating the proportion present, by 
E. H. Liveing, xxvii. 2S7; discus- 
sion, xxvii. 289. 

Further remarks on the detection and 
measurement of small quantities of 
inflammable gas. by E. H. Liveing, 
xxviii. 167 ; discussion, xxix. 175. 

Employment of the Pieler lamp for 
the detection of fire-damp, by Job. 
Maver, jcxxvii. abs. 45. 



Test for carbonic oxide, by Camille 

Holland, xxxviii. abs. 55. 
Improved method of detecting small 

quantities of inflammable gas, by A. 

L. Steavenson, xxvi. 133; discussion, 

.\xvi. l:i6; xxvii. 65. 

15. COAL-DCST. 

Explosion in a grain warehouse at 
Hamelin, by C. Arndt, xxxvii. alw. 22. 

Experiments on the ignition of coai- 
aust, by P. Phillips Bedson, xxxvii. 
205 ; discussion, xxxvii. 213. 

Contribution to our knowledge of coal- 
dust, by P. Phillips Bedson, xx.v»ii. 
245; discussion, xxxvii. 256. 

Explosion of an air-receiver at Byhope 
colliery, report of committee, xxxii. 
179. 

Report of the committee appointed to 
enquire into the explosion of an air- 
receiver at Ryhope colliery, by M. 
Walton Brown, xxxvii. 197; discus- 
sion, xxxvii. 21.3; xxxviii. 7. 

Remarks upon the experiments of the 
Prussian Fire-damp Commission, bv 
H. Le C'hatelier and E. Mallanf, 
.xxxvi. al»s. 13. 

Notes on coal-dust explosions, by Louis 
Dombrc, xxix. 17 ; discussion, xxix. 
20. 

Explosions in lampblack furnaces, by 
Prof. — Engler, xxxvi. abs. 13. 

Account of the experiments made at 
the Konig colliery, at Neunkirchen, 
Saarbriicken, particularly those on 
the consequences which arise when 
coal-dust and gas come in contact 
with shots ; and other matters in- 
timately connected with these ex- 
periments, by C. Hilt and — Mar- 
gT2Li, translated by T. Wood Bun- 
ning. xxxiv. 199; discussion, rxxiv. 
245, 299. 

Coal-dust as an element of danger in 
mining, by Rev. H. C. Hovey, xxxi. 
abs. 7. 

Further results of experiments with 
coal-dust at Xeunkirchen, by — 
Margraf, translated by T. W. Bun- 
ning, xxxiv. 297; discussion, xxxiv. 
299. 

Account of some recent experiments 
with coal-dust, by A. Freire Marreco 
and D. P. Morison, xxviii. 85; dis- 
cussion, xxviii. 101, 156. 

Prussian Commission on explosions in 
mines. Official, xxxi. abs. 13. 

Prussian Fire - damp Commission, 
Official, xxxii. abs. 64. 

Experiments of the Prussian Fire- 
damp Commission on explosions of 
coal-dust and gas. Official, xxxvii. 
abs. 80 

Dust-explosions in mines, by L. 
Parent, xxxiv. abs. 78. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



233 



Means of modifying the liygrometric 
condition of the air of coal-mines as 
a preventive against dust explosions, 
by L. Parent, xxxv. abs. 46. 

Explosion of the flonring-mills at Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A., May 
2nd, 1878. and the causes of the 
same, by S. 8. Peckham, xxviii. 159. 

Archer-and-Eobson sprayer for laying 
dust in mines, by T. O. Robson, 
xxxvi. 99; discussion, xxxvi. 100. 

Hellhoffitc and coal-dust, by Endolph 
Schneider, xxxvii. abs. 50. 

Tse of salt for laying dust in min^s, 
by Robert Stevenson, xxxi. 14-5: dis- 
cussion, xxxi. 147. 

16. Explosions, Rescue, etc. 

Respiratory apparatus for use in dan- 
gerous gases, prize offered by Bel- 
gian Government, ii. 2; discussion, 
ii. 5. 

Explosions and gases, discussion, v. 9. 

Seaham and Penygraig explosions, by 
L. Aguillon, xxxii. abs. 6. 

Deuayrouze apparatus for exploring in 
the presence of dangerous gases, by 
— Applegarth, xxiv. 129. 

Explosion in a grain warehouse at 
Hamelin.by C. Arndt, xxxvii. abs. 22. 

Velocity of propagation of explosions, 
by — Bertholet and — Vieille. xxxi. 
abs. 8: xxxii. abs. 12. 

Flenss apparatus for breathing in 
noxious gases, by T. W. Running, 
xxxi. 197 ; discussion, xxxi. 202. 

Prevention of explosions iu mines 
caiised by the use of powder, by 
Oscar Bustin, xxxi. abs. 7. 

Remarks upon the experiments of the 
Prussian Fire-damp Commission, by 
H. Le Chatelier and E. Mallard, 
xxxvi. abs. 13. 

Analysis of official reports on fire- 
damp explosions in France, 1881, by 
G. Chesneau, xxxiii. abs. 68. 

Water-gauge, barometer and other 
observations taken at Seaham col- 
liery during the time the Maudlin 
seam was sealed np, by V. W. Cor- 
bett, xxxii. 225; discussion, xxxii. 
311. 

French Fire-damp Commission, by A. 
Daubree, xxxi. abs. 14. 

Notes on coaJ-dusv explosions, by 
Louis Donibre. xxix. 17; discussion, 
xxix. 20. 

Oaks colliery explosion on December 
12th. 1866. and on the subsequent 
explosions, by T. W. Embleton, xxv. 
29; discussion, xxv. 142. 

Explosions iu lampblack furnaces, by 
Prof. — Engler, xxxvi. abs. 13. 

Prevention of explosions of fire-damp, 
by Haton de la Goupilliere, xxxii. 
abs. 28. 



List of colliery explosions in the coun- 
ties of Durham and Northumber- 
land, by Wm. (ireen, jun., xv. 271. 

Penetrating dangtroiiH gases, V)y T. Y. 
Hall, ii. 85; discusKion, ii. 82, 97. 

Prussian fire-damp explosions, 1861 to 
1881, by A. Hasslaeher, xxxii. ab.s. 
75. 

Accidents from fire-damp in Prussia, 
1861 to 1881, by A. Hasslacher. 
xxxiii. abs. 40. 

Explosions in Prussian mines, 1861 to 
1881, by A. Hasslacher, xxxiii. abs. 
74. 

Resume of fire-damp accidents in 
Loire, France, by Charles Lallemand 
and Jules Petitdidicr, xxxiii. abs. 67. 

Particulars of an explosion and stand- 
ing fire at Newhottle colliery, by 
William Lishman, xv. 99; discus- 
sion, XV. 144. 

Choke-damp and the means of counter- 
acting its effects, by James A. Long- 
ridge, ii. 35; discussion, ii. 97. 

Abstract of an analysis, by Dr. Chance, 
of fire-damp explosions in the 
anthracite coal-mines of Pennsvl- 
vania, U.S.A., 1870 to 1S80, by J. U. 
Merivale, xxxi. 87; discussion, xxxi. 
90. 

Prussian Commission on explosions in 
mines, Official, xxxi. abs. 13. 

Prussian Fire - damp Commission, 
Official, xxxii. abs. 64. 

Explosions of fire-damp in France, 1817 
to 1SS4, Official, xxxvii. abs. 26. 

Experiments of the Prussian Fire- 
damp Commission on explosions of 
coal-dust and gas. Official, xxxvii. 
abs. 80. 

Dust-explosions in mines, by L. 
Parent, xxxiv. abs. 78. 

Respiration in confined chambers, by 
Dr. — Payerne, ii. 99. 

Explosion of the fiouring-mills at 
Minneapolis, JMinuisola, U.S.A., 
May 2nd, 1878, and the causes of the 
same, by S. S. Peckham, xxviii. 159. 

Explosion of coal-dust by dynamite, 
by — Soubeiran, xxxv. abs. 54. 

Coal-dust explosion at Kreuzgraben 
colliery, by J. Sprenger, xxxvii. abs. 
79. 

Burradon colliery explosion, by T. J. 
Taylor, viii. 161; discussion, viii. 85, 
137; ix. 55 ; xi. 139. 

Durham collierv explosions in the first 
months of 1882, by C. Walckenaer. 
xxxiii. abs. 38. 

Lundhill accident, and on the ventila- 
tion of coal-mines generally, by 
John Wales, vi. 204; discussion, vi. 
213. 

Explosion of fire-damp at the Lundhill 
collierv. bv Niciiolas Wood. v. 231 ; 
discussion," v. 229; vi. 113, 151. 



284 



SUIUECT-MATTKU INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



snloa 

I)iccniber 2()tli. 18()0, by Nicholas 

Wood. ix. y;J ; discuHsion. ix. 89, 160. 
Kxplortion at Muiikwi-aniioutli roUiery, 

by NiiliohiH Wood, ix. 250; discus- 

flion. ix. 251 : xi. 1. 
Exi)l"8ion of fire-damp at Donianor 

mine, Hungary, by X.,xxxvii. aba. 'J. 

17. Mine Fires and Spontaneous 
comhistion. 

Prevention of spontaneous combustion 
of coal at sea. by T. W. Bunuingf, 
XXV. 107: discussion, xxv. 115. 17H. 

Spontaneous combustion of pyrites, by 

— I)e C'atelin, xxxvii. abs. 71. 
Spontaneous combustion of pyrites, by 

— Drillon, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Spontaneous combustion of pyrites, by 

J. B. Durand, xxxvi. abs. 8. 

Method adopted in vvorkiuj? tlie main 
seam of coal at Moira, I.eicester- 
shire, particularly with reference to 
spontaneous combustion, by George 
l-owler, X. 161; discussion, x. 167. 

Spontaneous combustion of pyrites, by 

— Fumat, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Particulars of an explosion and stand- 
ing fire at Newbottle colliery, by 
William Lishmau, xv. 99; discus- 
sion, XV. 144. 

Spontaneous combustion of pyrites, by 

— Perissel, xxxvi. abs. 8. 
Spontaneous combustion of browfn 

coal in Germany, by J. A. Ramsay, 
xxv. 179. 
Spontaneous combustion of coal car- 
goes, by R. Cooper RundcU, xxv. 
133. 

18. Drainage, Pumping, Dams, etc. 

Nanticoke mine disasster, Anon., xxxv. 
abs. 56. 

Internal stress in cylindrical and 
spherical dams, by W. Steadman 
Aldis, xxxii. 201 ; discussion, xxxii. 
213, 221. 

Constitution and action of the chaly- 
beate mine-waters of Nortlnimber- 
land and Durham, by AVm. Arm- 
strong, jun., iv. 271; discussion, v. 
21. 

Difference between the statical and 
dynamical pressure of water-columns 
in lifting-sets, by Emerson Bain- 
bridge, xxi. 49; discussion, xxi. 58, 
91. 154. 

Pumping-engines, by Andrew Barclay, 
XX. 169; discussion, xx. 173. 

Self-acting water-tank, by K. Barth, 
xxxvii. abs. 54. 

Construction of a dam to resist a pres- 
sure of 285 pounds per square inch, 
by Auguste Bergaiid, xxxv. abs. 5. 

Pressure exerted by water in soil, by 
L. Brennecke, xxxvi. abs. 16. 



Description of patents connected with 
mining operations, by Theo. Wood 
Bunning, discussion, xvii. 32, 54; 
1866. xvii. app. I.; 1867 and 1868, 
xviii. app. 1.; 1869, xix. app. 39; 
1870, XX. app. 9; 1871, xxi. app. 9; 
1872, xxii. app. 9; 1873, xxiii. app. 
9; 1874, XXIV. app. 9; 1875, xxv. 
app. 9. 

Differential expansive pumping-en- 
ginc. by Henry Davey, xxiii. 3; dis- 
cussion, xxiii. 8. 

Accident [ iiiiiiidiitiuiil .it New Hartley 
colliery, by George Baker Forster, 
xi. 143; discussion, xi. UXJ, 141; xii. 
3. 

Nova Scotian pit-waters, by Edwin 
(Jilpin, xxix. 53. 

Perreaux indiarubber valve, by — 
(iordon, vi. 21. 

Pumping by electricity, by — Graillot, 
xxxiii. abs. 82. 

Comparison in the wear of buckets 
graithed with leather and with gutta- 
percha, in 1850, by Wm. Green, jun., 
xii. 39. 

Improved method of raising water 
economically from mines by the 
Bastier chain-pump, by Thomas 
Greener, xv. 147; discussion, xv. 124, 
135; xvi. 112, 132. 

Hydraulic motors in the Saxon silver- 
mines, bv Gustav Hahn, xxiii. abs. 
79. 

Cornish pumping-engine at Settling- 
stones lead-mine, by F. W. Hall, 
xxi. 59: discussion, xxi. 64, 91, 154. 

Pumping-engines in use at Lyons pit, 
Newton Cap colliery, by William 
Lishman, xv. 131 ; discussion, xv. 
121. 

Korting water-jet elevator, by Edm. 
Makuc, xxxiii. abs. 97. 

Pump with captant piston, by J. Mare- 
schal, xxxviii. abs. 70. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, Ijy J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Machinery adopted for pumping water 
in dip workings at the Kinneil iron- 
works, at a distance from the shaft, 
by Ralph Moore, xxi. 159. 

Pump-spear connections, by H. L. 
Oeking, xxxvii. abs. 9. 

Special steam-pump, with a few facts 
relative to its use in mining and 
other operations, by Alfred Stans- 
field Rake, xvii. 87; discussion, xvii. 
113. 

Sinking-set fitted with new windbore 
protector and suction regulator, by 
Henry Richardson, xxx. 49; discus- 
sion, XXX. 52. 

Pulsometer, by Willi. Rodler, xxxiv. 
abs. 7. 



VOLUMKS I. TO XXXVIII. 



23.' 



Boring against water in coal-mines, by 
Alexander Ross, xix. 171 ; discus- 
sion, xix. 175. 

Use of air-vessels in puniping-engines 
and the means of replenishing tliem, 
by R. Burdon Sanderson, xxi. 115; 
discussion, xxi. 154. 

Direct - acting pumping - engine at 
Towneley collieiy, with observations 
on the consumption of fuel in Corn- 
ish and other engines, by J. B. Simp- 
son, XV. 157 ; discussion, xv. 140, 294. 

Duty of Cornish and other pumping- 
engines for draining mines, by J. B. 
Simpson, xix. 201 ; discussion, xix. 
219. 

Balance-pumps for self-acting incline- 
planes, by E. Gybhon Spillsbury, 
xxxvi. abs. 6. 

Suggestions towards a less local 
system of draining coal-mines, by T. 
John Taylor, v. 135; discussion, v. 
162. 

Pumping water, by William Waller, 
I., xvi. 135 ; II., xxi. 123 ; discussion, 
xvi. 133; xvii. 22; xxi. 154. 

Method of changing clacks of a pump, 
by Thomas Webster, i. 216. 

19. Dressing Minerals, Crushing 
AND Washing. 

Klonne revolving screens. Anon., 
xxxiii. abs. 93. 

Separation of coal-dust from small coal 
by an air-blast. Anon., xxxvii. abs. 
45. 

Mechanical slata - picker. Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 20. 

Ore-sorting, by F. L. Bartlett, xxxvii. 
abs. 64. 

Apparatus for cleaning coal by means 
of an air-blast, by — Basiaux and 
— Leonard, xxxi. abs. 11. 

Weight per cubic foot of anthracite 
coal broken to market sizes, by J. 
W. Bowden, xxxviii. abs. 67. 

Cheap mining and milling at the 
Spanish mine, California, U.S.A., 
by F. W. Bradley, xxxvii. abs. 75. 

Thompson centrifugal pulverizer : in- 
cluding an account of its compara- 
tive advantages for crushing and 
pulverizing mineral-ores, coal and 
other substances, by Thomas E. 
Candler, xxxiii. 107; discussion, 
xxxiii. 235. 

Method of cleaning coal at Lens, No. 
5 pit, by E. Reumaux, translated by 



Jolin Daglisli, xxvi. 139; diBCUHsion, 
xxvi. 140. 

Coal-washing apparatus in use at the 
Ince Hall Coal and Cannel Com- 
pany's collieries, at Ince, near 
Wigan, by G. Gilroy, xv. 61 ; dis- 
cussion, XV. 63, 127, 143. 

Dressing ore with air-jigs, liy .Jolin 
Heard, jun., xxxvi. abs. 20. 

Coal-cleaning apparatus at the Khein- 
preussen colliery near Horn berg, 
Rhine, by H. Hochstrate, xxxii. abs. 
44. 

Felspar coal-washers, by — Land ri von, 
xxxiv. abs. 58. 

Lemiere coal-washer, by — Lemiere, 
xxxvii. abs. 70. 

Dressing ore-rolls in position, by — 
Luttermann, xxxviii. abs. 12. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Hicks improved method of screening 
and loading coals, by Robert Miller, 
xxi. 295. 

Schmitt revolving spiral screen, by D. 
P. Morison, xxviii. 183 ; discussion, 
.xxviii. 188, 208. 

Ore-dressing with air-blast, by E. W. 
Neubert, xxxvi. abs. 22. 

Thirion classifier, by Roman Oriol, 
xxxii. abs. 51. 

Treatment of ores, by Charles Parkin, 
XXX. 135. 

Apparatus for saving the breakage of 
coals when falling from colliery 
screens into wagons, by A. M. 
Potter, XXV. 261 ; discussion, xxv.262. 

Luhrig method of coal-washing, by L. 
P. Rathbone, .xxix. 159; discussion, 
xxix. 170. 

Dry, or wind, method of cleaning coal, 
by E. P. Rathbone, xxxi. 245. 

Vapart pulverizer, l)y Jiuin Falco y 
Sancho, xxxii. abs. 50. 

Spiral-sieve coal screens, by Adolph 
Schmitt-Manderbach, xxxvii. abs. 18. 

Method of overturning wagons, by — 
Servier, xxxvii. abs. 72. 

Sottiaux coal-crusher-cleaner, by .\. 
Sottiaux, XXXV. abs. 68; xxxvi. abs. 
45. 

Gold-milling in Transylvania, by E. 
Tliilo, xxxviii. abs. 10. 

Settling-ponds used in ore and coal 
washing, by R. ^\'abner. xxxviii. abs. 
12. 



Saunders bar- channcler, 

xxxviii. abs. 20. 
Fourstones quarries and lime-works 

by W. Benson, xxvii. 15. 



VIII.— QUARRYING TECHNOLOGY. 

Anon., 



Slate-mining at Angers, Maine et 
Loire, France, by R. Nasse. xxxii. 
abs. 45. 

Endless-saw machinery for cutting 
stone, bv G. L. Pesce. xxxv. abs. 21. 



L'3G 



SUHJBCT-MATTKU INUEX TO TRANSACTIONf. 



IX. METALLURGY. 



1. General. 



Injurioufl action on iron in upcast- 
shafts, by John Daplisli, viii. 179. 

Krononiy of furl in iron manufacture, 
by Prof. — Kupelwiescr, .\.\.\iii. abs. 
55. 

Strength of wrought-irou in compres- 
sion, by Wigham Richardson, 1. 
xxix. 179; discussion, xxi.x. 1H5; 
.\ix. 89; xxxii. 180; II. x.x.xiii. G.i. 

Thomas-Gilchrist process of deplios- 
phorizing iron and stool, by — 
Kocour, xxxii. abs. 10. 

2. Metallurgical Wokks. 

Dcnain iron and steel works, Paris, 
Nord, xxvii. 257. 

Iron-works of Tnibia, Spain, Anon., 
xxxiii. abs. 48. 

Manufacture of iron in connection 
with the Northumberland and Dur- 
ham coal-field, by I. Lowthian Bell, 
xiii. 109; discussion, xiv. 9, 27. 

Coal-mines and iron-works of Besseges, 
Alais. Gard, France, by Matthias 
Dunn, V. 27. 

Iron-mines and iron manufacture of 
Nova Scotia, by Edward Hedley, 
xiv. 15; discussion, xiv. 69, 91. 

Manufacture of iron and steel in Italy, 
^ by Cryriaquc Helson,.xxxviii. abs. 24. 

Iron-mines of Bilbao, Spain, by 
Alexandre Pourcel, xxxvi. abs. 48. 

3. Combustion, Fuels, Heating, etc. 

a. — General. 

h. — lir'tquelte-fuel M ami fact ui'. 

Birtley fuel-works, xxxvi. 207. 

Manufacture of patent fuel, by Beatrix 
et Cie, xx.xiv. abs. 30. 

Somain fuel-works: Camille and Albert 
Dchaynin and Company, Nord, 
France, xxvii. 256. 

Description of a new briquette manu- 
factory at the Caroline colliery, 
Westphalia, by M. Wahlberg, xxxii. 
abs. 63. 

Experiments on the compression of 
fossil fuels, by R. Zciller. xxxiv. abs. 
46. 

r . — Coke-o v ens. 

Aniche, Gayant coke-ovens, Nord, 

France, xxvii. 254. 
Browney colliery, xxviii. 105; xxxvi. 

216. 
Description of coke-ovens as erected at 

Almond iron-works, Falkirk, N.B., 

by Henry Aitken, xxiv. 97. 
Extraction of oil and amnioniacal 

liquors in coking coal in ovens, by 

Henry .\itken, xxix. 81 ; discussion, 

x.xix. 84, 192. 



Coppce coke-ovens, and the extent to 
which their waste-gases can be util- 
ized, by Kmerson 13ainbridgc, xxii. 
81 ; discussion, xxii. 103, ]."j2. 

Semet coke-oven, by C!h. Dcmanet, 
xxxiii. abs. 66. 

Comj)arison in weight between coke 
made from washed and unwaslied 
coals, as ascertained from tiie load- 
ing of 10 large wagons of each 
description, at Framwellgate col- 
liery. May 9tli, 1857, by Wm. Green, 
jun., xii. 38. 

Increased economy in the manufacture 
of coke by mechanical means, by 
William Harle, xxvii. 127. 

Bauer coke-ovens, by Dr. B. Kosmann, 
xxxvii. abs. 21. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Improvements in coke-ovens, by Dr. 
C. Otto and Company, xxxiv. abs. 11. 

Manufacture of coke in Westphalia, 
by F. Simmersbach, xxxviii. abs. 4. 

Manufacture of coke in the Newcastle 
and Durham districts, by A. L. 
Steavenson, viii. 109; discussion, ix. 
3, 48. 

Supplementary paper on the manufac- 
ture of coke in the Newcastle and 
Durham districts, by A. L. Steaven- 
son, ix. 35; discussion, ix. 48. 

Experience afforded in the manufac- 
ture of coke during the last twelve 
years, by A. L. Steavenson, xxii. 3; 
discussion, xxii. 19, 152. 

Manufacture of coke in the United 
States of North America, by J. D. 
Weeks, xxxv. abs. 37. 

</.— Furls. 

Comparative values of German coals. 
Anon., xxxvii. abs. 46. 

Coal-mining, etc., in Northumberland 
and Durham, by J. Marley, J. Tay- 
lor and N. Wood, xii. 149; discus- 
sion, xiii. 42. 

Heat of combustion of coal, by — 
Meunier-Dolltus and — Scheurer- 
Kestncr, xxxvi. abs. 26. 

Heating-power of French coals, by — 
Scheurer-Kestner, xxxvii. abs. 87. 

e. — Gas-producers, etc._ 
Improved gas-generator, by Fritz Liir- 

mann, xxxiii. abs. 87. 
Water-gas, by Hofrath von Tunner, 

xxxiii. abs. 55. 

f. — Furnaces, etc. 
Heating by blast-furnace gases, by 
Prof. — Ehrenwertli, xxxiv. abs. 12. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIl. 



237 



utilization of hlast-furnacc gases: coal 
being used as fuel, ))y William 
Feme, xx. lO.'J; discussion, xx. 167. 

g. — Ki'fradory Materials. 

Minora firestone, by Dr. David Page, 
xxiv. 154; discussion, xxiv. 154. 

/(. — Calorimefri/ and /'i/rnmrtr!/. 

Thompson calorimeter, by — Scheurer- 
Kestner, xxxvii. abs. 86. 

/. — Blowin fj-e iigineJi . 

I'. — Heating and Measuri'inent of 
Blast. 

Air-heaters for blast-furnaces, by 
Fritz-Liirmann, xxxiii. abs. 89. 

4. Iron Smelting. 

a.- — General. 
Coal-mines and iron-works of Besseges, 

Alais, Gard, France, by Matthias 

Dunn, V. 27. 
Two new iron-smelting processes, by 

Prof. Josef V. Ehrenwerth, xxxiii. 

abs. 72. 
Economy of fuel in iron manufacture, 

by Prof. — Kupelwieser, xxxiii. abs. 

55. 
Thomas-Gilchrist process of dephos- 
phorizing iron and steel, by — 

Eocour, xxxii. abs. 10. 
Basic-slag as manure, by — Sejoiirnet, 

xxxvii. abs. 31. 
Modification of the Bessemer process, 

by Hoffrath von Tunner, xxxiii. 

abs. 76. 
Charcoal blast-furnaces, by P. Tunner, 

xxxiii. abs. 95. 

h. — Production of Pig-iron. 

Manufacture of iron in connection 
with the Northumberland and Dur- 
ham coal-field, by I. Lowthian Bell, 
xiii. 109; discussion, xiv. 9, 27. 

Iron-mines and iron manufacture of 
Nova Scotia, by Edward Hedley, 
xiv. 15; discussion, xiv. 69, 91. 

c. — Foundry Practice and Pattern 
Mal'ing. 

d. — Production of Wrouglit-iron. 

e. — Production of Steel. 

Henderson steel. Anon., xxxvii. abs. 

65. 
Notes on the Siemens-Martin process, 

by Julius Prochaska, xxxiv. abs. 10. 

f. — Wrouglit-iron Products. 

Simonds universal metal - rolling 
machine, Anon., xxxviii. abs. 48. 



Spirally - welded tubing, by J. C. 
Bayles, xxxvii. abs. 6.'}. 

g. — Steel Products. 

5. CoppKR Smeltino and Extraction. 

Cost of copper-lixiviation in Balan, by 

Rudolf Flechner, xxxiv. abs. 4. 
Extraction of copper from pyrites, by 

Josef Perino, xxxviii. abs. 32. 
Marchese process for the extraction of 

copper, by — Le Vcrrier, xxxvii. abs. 

70. 

6. Lead Smelting and Extraction. 
Freudenberg smoke-condenser for lead 

and silver smelting-works. Anon., 

xxxii. abs. 58. 
Lead-smelting in Peru, Anon., xxxviii. 

abs. 11. 
Lead-works of Puertollano, by Jose 

Genaro Villanova, xxxiii. abs. 46. 

7. Gold Extraction. 

Extraction of gold by calcium chloride. 

Anon., xxxvii. abs. 60. 
Cheap mining and milling at the 

Spanish mine, California, U.S.A., 

by F. W. Bradley, xxxvii. abs. 75. 
Gold-milling in Transylvania, by E. 

Thilo, xxxviii. abs. 10. 

8. Silver Smelting and Extraction. 

Freudenberg smoke-condenser for lead 
and silver-smeltmg works. Anon., 
xxxii. abs. 58. 

Silver amalgamation, by Prof. V. Cur- 
ler, xxxiii. abs. 59. 

9. Zinc Smelting and Extraction. 

Production of zinc, by Regierungsrath 
Ernst, xxxiii. abs. 59. 

10. Tin Smelting and Extraction. 

Tin-mining in Perak, Peninsula of 
Malacca, by J. de Morgan, xxxvi. 

abs. 3. 

11. Production of other Metals, etc. 

Iridium industry, by W. L. Dudley, 

xxxiv. abs. 29. 
Mines and works of Almaden, Spain, 

by G. Gandolfi, xxxviii. abs. 53. 
Extraction of cobalt and nickel from 
manganiferons minerals, by F. 
Gautier, xxxv. abs. 39. 
Distilling apparatus in use at the 
quicksilver-mine at Almaden, by 
Juan Sanches y Massia. xxxii. abs. 
50. 

12. Electro-metallurgy. 

13. Alloys. 

14. Casting Metals. 

15. Coinage. 



288 



.SUIUEIT-MATTKU INDKX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



X. SALT-WORKS. ETC. 

. KllllUT 



Salt in tlic Soudan. ))y W 
xxxiv. ahs. 51 . 

IJtxk-siilt in till' ni'w rod sandstone at 
Middlosl)roiigh (inclndinp doHirip- 
tion of Mathcr-and-lMatt horinp- 



iniuliiiH'), l)y .lolin Marley. xiii. 17; 
discussion, xiii. 92, lOG. 
Salt of Houtiicrn Russia, l)y K. M. 
Paul, x.\xiv. abs. 61. 



XI. - CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES. 



Luminous paint, oxhibitod, xxx. 24. 

Extraction of oil and aninioniacal 
li<|Uors in cokinp coal in ovens, by 
Ilcnrv .\itkcn, xxix. 81 ; discussion, 
xxix.S-t. 192. 

Mineral oil as a lubricant for machi- 
nery, by J. J. Coleman, xxi. 291; 



discussion, xxi. 294. 
Mineral-oil works, by David Cowan, 

XX. 177; discussion, xx. 183. 
Naphtha and its products, by Georges 

de Cuyper, xxxiii. abs. 33. 
Different kinds of petroleum, by A. 

Fauck, xxxiii. abs. 96. 



XII CERAMIC AND GLASS INDUSTRIES. 



Xm. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS. 



Fourstones quarries and lime-works, 

by W. Benson, xxvii. 15. 
Manufacture of cement from the slag 

of blast-furnaces, by E. Chabrand, 

XXXV. abs. 20. 
Accidents to structures built with 

magnesian cements, by — Debray 

and Leon Durand-Claye, xxxvi. abs. 

23. 
Hardening stone, by — Faure and L. 

Kesslcr. xxxiii. ahs. 45. 
Testing of iron and steel, by Eduard 

Goidicke, xxxiv. abs. 13. 
Making bricks of coal-ashes, by A. 

Gouvy, xxxiv. abs. 71. 
Results of an experiment made at 

P>amwellgatc colliery to ascertain 



the comparative prescribing power of 
coal-tar and (juicklime upon under- 
ground timber, as compared with 
each other, and with non-prepared 
timber, by Wm. Green, jun., xii. 37. 

Permeability of cements and mortars, 
by L. M. Haupt, xxxviii. abs. 21. 

Magnetic bricks, by Dr. — Kobald, 
xxxiii. abs. 54. 

Artificial stones, by Dr. David Page, 
xxiii. 158; discussion, xxiii. 159. 

Selenitic plaster, by Dr. David Page, 
xxiv. 152; discussion, xxiv. 153. 

Strength of w-roiight-iron in compres- 
sion, by Wigham Richardson, I. 
xxix. 179; discussion, xxix. 185; 
xxx. 89; xxxii. 180; II. xxxiii. 63. 



XIV. -MACHINERY. 



1. Genehal, 



Transmission of power by electricity 
and other modes, by Ch. Arendt, 
xxxiii. abs. 103. 

Mineral oil as a lubricant for machin- 
ery, by J. J. Coleman, xxi. 291 ; dis- 
cussion, xxi. 294. 

Historical resume of the Channel Tun- 
nel and of the transport of power, 
by Daniel Colladon, xxxiii. abs. 47. 

2. Engineering Works. 

Engine-works of — de Quillacq, Anzin, 
Nord, xxvii. 270. 

Cail & Company's engine-works, 
Denain, Nord, xxvii. 272. 

Black, Hawthorn & Company, Gates- 
head, xxix. 77. 



3. Boilers and Fittings. 

a. — General. 

Ventilation of underground boilers, 
by Wm. Armstrong and John Dag- 
lish,xii. 79; discussion, xii. 78; xiii. 3. 

Boiler accidents and their prevention, 
by D. P. Morison, I. efficient in- 
spection, xxviii. 247; II. efficient 
inspection, xxix. 23 ; discussion, 
xxix. 48; III. setting of boilers 
and boiler-flues, xxix. 87; discus- 
sion, xxix. 99; IV. construction of 
boilers, xxx. 71 ; discussion, xxx. 81, 
266. 

Steam-boilers, by William Waller, 
I. xviii. 121; II. xx. 49; III. xx. 
117; discussion, xviii. 107; xix. 9; 
XX. 61, 115, 119. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIII. 



239 



b. — IioilP7'K, etc. 
Harrison cast-iron [tubular] steam 

boiler, by William Cochrane, xvi. 

35 ; discussion, xvi. 30, 43. 
New form of marine boiler, by John 

Shaw, xxvi. 93; discussion, xxvi. 98; 

xxvii. 9. 
Corrugated boiler-flues, by Prof. R. R. 

Werner, xxxiv. abs. 7. 

r. — Coverings for B oiler x and 
S/ea7n-]}ipes. 

Comparative efficiency of non-conduct- 
ing coverings for boilers and steam- 
pipes, by W. J. Bird, I. xxxi. 77; 
II. xxxii. 35; discussion, xxxi. 83; 
xxxii. 175. j 

Magnesium carbonate as a non-con- 
ductor of heat, by E. Luttgen, 
xxxvii. abs. 42. 

r/. — Exjylo.noyix. 

Boilers explosion at Friedensliiitte, 
Anon., xxxviii. abs. 25. 

Steam-boiler explosions, with reference 
particularly to the Seaton Burn col- 
liery steam-boiler explosion, by 
Stephen C. Crone, xi. 27 ; discus- 
sion, viii. 86; xi. 207, 213. 

Causes of certain steam-boiler explo- 
sions, by Thomas Doubleday, xv. 5; 
discussion, xv. 43. 

Boiler explosions, by Matthias Dunn, 
iv. 39; discussion, iv. 113. 

Explosion of a saw-mill boiler, by — 
de Grossouvre, xxxiii. abs. 70. 

Explosions of boilers and other ves- 
sels, by E. B. Marten, xxxii. 191 ; 
discussion, xxxii. 200, 216. 

Boiler explosions in France, 1881, 
Official, xxxiii. abs. 3. 

Accidents occurring to steam appara- 
tus in France, 1882, Official, xxxiii. 
abs. 98. 

Report of the committee on super- 
heated water, France, Official, xxxiii. 
abs. 104. 

Explosion of a vertical boiler at Mar- 
naval iron-works, by — Trautmann, 
xxxiii. abs. 71. 

e. — Furnaces. 
O 'Regan furnace for consumption of 

smoke, discussion, xi. 212. 
Recent systems of boiler-firing for the 

prevention of smoke, by C. Bach, 

xxxiii. abs. 7. 
Special grate for using poor fuels, by 

Georges Alexis Godillot, xxxvii. abs. 

68. 
Mechanical stoking of steam-boilers, 

by James Nelson, xviii. 51; discus- 
sion, xviii. 41, 86, 107. 
Firing of steam-boilers economically 

considered, by J. A. Ramsay, xix. 

63 ; discussion, xix. 68. 



Mechanical stoking for colliery boilers, 
by Alexander Ross, xxvii. 205; dis- 
cussion, xxvii. 209. 

Combustion of coal-gas to produce 
heat, by John Wallace, xxiii. 47; 
discussion, xxiii. 60, 112. 

f. — Strength of Material-*. 

Remarks on rivetting, by William 
Boyd, xviii. 9; discussion, xviii. 3,82. 

Experiments on rivetting with drilled 
and punched holes, and hand a!id 
power rivetting, committee apiioiii- 
ted, XX. 217; report, xxi. 67. 

g. — Tei^ling Fuel. 

Use of mineral oils for fuel. Anon., 
xxxvi. abs. 46. 

Economical working of steam-boilers, 
at collieries, by William Armstrong, 
jun., and W". J. Bird, Trans. Inst. 
M.E., i. 309; discussion, xxxviii. 223. 

Experiments on board the " Wear- 
dale," by T. W. Bunning, xviii. 105; 
disciission, xviii. 107. 

Experiments at Keyham on the use of 
mixed Hartley and Welsh coals in 
marine boilers, I. report by Theo. 
Wood Bunning and Thomas Rich- 
ardson, xiv. 47 ; II. report by Theo. 
Wood Bunning and Thomas Rich- 
ardson, xiv. 58; discussion, xv. 43. 

Report of committee appointed to in- 
vestigate the smoke C[uestion, Octo- 
ber 24th, 1868, xviii. 37. 

Relative heating and economic values 
of round and small coals, by John 
Daglish, iv. 283; discussion, v. 10. 

Petroleum as fuel, by J. D'Allest, 
XXXV. abs. 22. 

Utilization of fire-damp, by C. Hilt, 
xxxvi. abs. 47. 

Direct - acting pumping - engine at 
Towneley colliery, with observations 
on the consumption of fuel in Corn- 
ish and other engines, by J. B. 
Simpson, xv. 157; discussion, xv. 
140, 294. 

Evaporative performance of stationary 
boilers, by Prof. R. R. Werner, 
xxxiii. abs. 77. 

/(. — Water aiKf Treatment. 

Water for steam-boilers. by — Fineuse. 

xxxviii. abs. 60. 
Deterioration of boiler-plating from 

ferrous sulphate, by Dr. K. List. 

xxxiii. abs. 78. 
Action of zinc in boilers, by — Treve, 

xxxii. abs. 10. 

/. — Mi.<eellaiieoti.< Fitting.*. 

New form of direct-acting spring 
safety-valve, by Thomas Adams, xxi. 

' 285. 



L'4() 



Si;iUK( T-MATTKU INDEX TO TRANSACTIONS. 



Autc.iiuitic f»Tding-pump. Anon., 

xxxvii. al)s. tW. 
rndiTgroimd cnpinos supplied with 

Htoum from hank.hy — Haure. xxxv. 

iil>8. 4H. 
f'udron safety-valvo. hy — Olry, \xxii. 

aha. 57. 



4. Stkam-en»;inkb an'd Fittings. 

Mathomatii-al theory of the Anialer 
phminieter, hy W. Sleadnian Aldis, 
xxviii. 211. 

Tut-off slide-vaiveH, hy Andrew Bar- 
clay, XX. 175; disfussion, xx. 176. 

Condensation in steam-pipes, hy W. 
.1. Hird, xxix. 7; distussion, xxix. 1:5. 

<'oniparative efficient}' ot iion-coiiduct- 
iiip coverings for hoilers and steani- 
pijics, hy \V. J. Uird, I. xxxi. 77; 
II. xxxii. ;J3; discussion, xxxi. 83; 
xxxii. 175. 

Present form of iiiariiie-eiipiiie used in 
the comiiu'rcial navy of Great 
Britain, hy Theo. Wood Banning, 
xxiv. 105; discussion, xxiv. 124, 250, 
25(5. 

Accuracy of the equidistant plani- 
nieter, by F. (Jiinther, xxxii. abs. 79. 

Comparison of the costs of several 
systems of transmitting motive 
power, hy Jules Lauriol, xxxvi. abs. 
12. 

Transmission of power bv steam, by 
.1. R. Liddell and J. H. Merivale, 
-XXXV. 159; discussion, xxxv. 162. 

Magnesium carbonate as a non-con- 
ductor of heat, by E. Luttgen, 
xxxvii. abs. 42. 

Transmission of power by steam, by 
.1. n. Merivale, xxxvi. 13; discus- 
sion, x.xxvi. 27. 

Improved steam indicator, exhibited 
by D. P. Morison, xxix. 247. 

Distribution of the internal friction of 
engines, by Eobert H. Thurston, 
xxxviii. abs. 36. 

Cooling of water of condensation by 
artificial ventilation, by Prof. — 
Wellner, xxxiii. abs. 1. 

Morton ejector-condenser, by W. 0. 
Wood, xxiii. 165; discussion, xxiii. 
166. 



5. Compressed Air. 

Explosion of an air-receiver at Ryhope 
coUierv, report of committee, xxxii. 
179. 

Report of the committee appointed to 
inquire into the explosion of an air- 
receiver at Ryhope colliery, by M. 
Walton Brown, xxxvii. 197; dis- 
cussion, xxxvii. 213: xxxviii. 7. 

Historical rcsum.e of the Channel Tun- 



nel and of the transjiort of power, 
hy Daniel CoHadoii, xxxiii. abs. 47. 

.\pplicatioii of iiiachiiies worked by 
compressed-air in the collieries of 
Saralonech.imps and Bouvy, Saint- 
vaast, Belgium, hy F. L. Cornet, 
translated by John Daglish. \xi. 
199; discussion, xxi. 217; xxii. 21, 
.30, 72. 

Wet air-compressor with jiaraboiic 
columns, by (I. Ilaiiarte, xxxii. abs. 
83. 

Danger attending the use of light 
mineral oils for lubricating air-com- 
pressing machinery, liy John Mori- 
son, xxxviii. 3 ; discussion, xxxviii. 7. 

Refrigerating machinery, l>y 1{. 
Schottler, xxxiii. abs. 88. 

Regenerators for air-engines, Ity — 
Schroeter, xxxiii. abs. 88. 

Air-compressors: loss of pressure from 
friction of air in pipes, by E. Stock- 
alper, xxxi. abs. 29. 

Description of air-compressing machin- 
ery as applied to underground haul- 
age, etc., at Ryhope colliery, liy AV. 
i N. Taylor, xxi. 7.3; discussion, xxi. 
80; x.xii. 21, .30, 72. 

0. Electric Generators, Motors, etc. 

Experiments with electric and gas- 
light in a Munich theatre, Anon., 
xxxiii. aVis. 90. 

Pelton high-pressure water-wheel and 
dynamos on the Comstock, Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 20. 

Electric gin, Peronniere colliery, by 

— Bague and — Charousset, xxxii. 
abs. 14. 

Transmission of power by electricity, 

by — Baure, xxxi. abs. 9. 
Electric gin, Peronniere colliery, by 

— Charousset, xxxi. abs. 10. 
Transmission of power by electricity 

at Peronniere colliery, by — Cha- 
rousset, xxxiii. abs. 83. 
Transmission of power by electricity, 

by — Deprez, xxxii. abs. 28. 
Electric light at the Gradenberg 

works, by Prof. Josef v. Ehren- 

werth, xxxiii. abs. 96. 
Transmission of power by electricity 

at the Blanzy mines, by — Graillot, 

xxxii. abs. 13. 
Transmission of power by electricity 

at the Blanzy mines, by — Mathet, 

xxxi. abs. 9. 
Electrical machinery in mines, by F. 

Poech, xxxiii. abs. 71. 
Transmission of power by electricity, 

by Frank J. Sprague, xxxviii. abs. 35. 
Principles of electric lighting, and the 

construction and arrangement of 

electric-light apparatus, by .Sydney 

F. Walker, xxxiv. 3; discussion, 

xxxiv. 62. 



VOLUMES I. TO XXXVIIl. 



241 



7. Watkr Eeskrvoirs, etc. 

Project foi- supplying Ncwcastlc-upon- 
Tync, Gateshead, and other towns 
and villages in Tynedalo with water 
from the Nortlmiiil)erland Lakes dis- 
trict, by T. J. Uevvick, xxiv. 85; dis- 
cussion, xxiv. 9(J. 

Supply of pure water and motive 
power to centres of poinilation, by 
David Burns, xxviii. 173; discussion, 
xxviii. 180. 

Hury reservoir, by William Gunn, 
xxxiv. 255. 

Supplying Newcastle and district with 
water from Lake Ulleswater, by E. 
S. Newall, xxiv. 49 ; discussion, xxiv. 
54. 

Hury reservoir, by W. H. C. Stanford, 
xxxiv. 258. 

8. Hydraulic Motors, etc. 
Pelton high-pressure water-wheel and 



dynamos on the Comstock, Anon., 
xxxviii. abs. 20. 

Hydraulic motors in the Saxon silver- 
mines, by Giistav Hahn, xxiii. abs. 
79. 

Comparison of the costs of several 
systems of transmitting motive 
power, by Jules Lauriol, xxxvi. abs. 
12. 

9. Other Power Generators. 

Experimental notes on the Otto gas- 
engine, by Fran9ois Sinigaglia, 
xxxii. abs. 54. 

10. Miscellaneous Machinery and 
Tools. 

Teeth of wheels: improved method of 
approximating to true epicycloidal 
forms by circular arcs, by Thomas 
Eoberts, xxi. 271. 



XV.— ELECTRICAL INVESTIGATIONS. 



Lightning in Tanfield Moor colliery, 
by T. W. Bunning, xxx. 31 : dis- 
cussion, XXX. 35. 

Discharge of lightning at Kimbles- 
worth colliery, July 12th, 1880, by 
John Daglish, xxx. 129; discussion, 
xxx. 130. 

Magnetic bricks, by Dr. — Kobald, 
xxxiii. abs. 54. 



Lightning in the pit at West Thornley 
colliery, on December 11th, 1883, by 
Henry White, xxxiii. 81; discussion, 
xxxiii. 83. 

Further discharge of lightning at the 
West Thornley colliery. Tow Law, 
October 21st, 1886, by Henry White, 
xxxvi. 47; discussion, xxxvi. 49, 86. 

Coating for telegraph wires, by C. 
Wideman, xxxiii. abs. 45. 



XVI. —NAVIGATION. 



Courrieres collieries, Harnes shipping 

basin and wharf, Pas-de-Calais, 

France, xxvii. 274. 
Canalisation of the Seine, by — 

Boiiqiiet de la Grye, xxxii. abs. 11. 
Anzin coal-staiths, Nord, France, by 

J. Deprez, xxxii. abs. 82. 
Endless rope for unloading boats, by 

V. Dujardin, xxxiii. abs. 81. 
Bruay coal-staiths, Nord, France, by 

E. J. Fougerat, xxxii. abs. 81. 
Elvers, ports, and harbours o