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Full text of "Wisconsin, its story and biography, 1848-1913"

Gc 

977.5 

Us3w 

v.5 

1219062 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01076 9245 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/wisconsinitsstor05ushe 



WISCONSIN 

ITS STORY AND BIOGRAPHY 
1848-1913 

BY 

ELLIS BAKER USHER 



President Wisconsin Archaeological Society ; Member of the American 
Historical Association, The Mississippi Valley Historical 
Association, The Wisconsin State Histor- 
ical Society and the Amer- 
ican Political Science 
Association 



VOLUME V 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1914 



Copyright, 1914 

BY 

The Lewis Publishing Co. 



1219062 



James E. Kernan, who is widely known to the grain trade through- 
out the Northwest, has steadily worked his way upward in his chosen 
field of endeavor to a position where his influence is felt in every 
department of one of the greatest industries the country has produced. 
As chairman of the Grain and Warehouse Commission, at Superior, he 
is the active directing head of that authoritative body which has been 
directly responsible for the promotion of numerous movements and 
much legislation of a beneficial nature, and among his associates he 
is recognized as a man thoroughly capable of discharging the duties of 
his office. Mr. Kernan is a native of the East, having been born in Roek- 
ville, Connecticut, January 2, 1853, and is a son of Eugene and Marie 
(Broghan) Kernan. 

Eugene Kernan was born in County Clare, Ireland, in 1825, and 
on reaching his majority emigrated to the United States on a sailing 
vessel, landing at New York City. Not long thereafter he drifted to 
Rockville, Connecticut, where he secured employment in a woolen mill as 
a wool washer or scourer, but in 1858 turned his face toward the West 
and eventually located at Hudson, Wisconsin. Here he became one of 
the pioneer farmers of St. Croix county, and continued to be engaged in 
agricultural pursuits up to the time of his death, in 1880, when he was 
fifty-five years of age. He was a Democrat in politics, but was a farmer, 
not a politician, and never cared for public preferment. Mr. Kernan 
was married in Connecticut to Miss Marie Broghan, who was born in 
County Meath, Ireland, and she survived her husband some years, passing 
away in 1893, when she was seventy-one years of age. They were the 
parents of nine children, of whom James E. was the oldest, and of these 
four still survive. 

James E. Kernan was five years of age when he accompanied his 
parents to Wisconsin, and his education was secured during the winter 
months in the district school which was two miles from his home. Like 
other farmers' sons of his day, he assisted in the work of the homestead 
during the summer months, being thoroughly trained in the various sub- 
jects necessary to the knowledge of a successful farmer. On attaining his 
majority he embarked upon his career as an agriculturist in St. Croix 
county, but two years later engaged in the grain business at River Falls. 
Wisconsin, and was so engaged there until 1878. In that year Mr. 
Kernan went to Odebolt, Sac county, Iowa, where lie spent one year in 
farming, and following this returned to Wisconsin and passed another 
twelve months in tilling the soil. Mr. Kernan then went to Crookston, 
Minnesota, and farmed for another year, and then located in North Da- 
kota, where, until 1908, he had extensive grain and farming interests. In 

1029 



1030 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the meantime, in 1900, he had come to Superior, Wisconsin, as a grain 
inspector, and in February, 1909, was appointed a member of the Grain 
and Warehouse Commission, subsequently being elected chairman of that 
body, a position he has continued to hold. He has identified himself with 
movements for the public welfare, and in every way has shown himself 
an earnest, progressive and public-spirited citizen. In political matters, 
he supports Republican principles and candidates, and his fraternal con- 
nection is with the Independent Order of Foresters. 

Mr. Kernan was married November 29, 1871, to Miss Ellen Kelly, 
who was born in Racine, Wisconsin, and to this union there have been 
born four sons, namely: James A., George-C, Eugene E. and Roscoe F. 

Elbert Everett Howland. *The principal hardware establishment 
of the city of Merrill in Lincoln county is the E. E. Howland Hardware 
Store at 1006 East Maine street. This store contains the largest and most 
complete line of hardware supplies in the county, and its proprietor 
is a man of long and thorough experience in the business, uses judgment 
in the selection of his stock, and has made a study of the wants of local 
trade, which enables him to satisfy its demands in every department of 
its business. Mr. Howland has been identified with the hardware trade 
in Merrill since 1903. In that year he and Olaf Norland established a 
hardware stock at 908 East Maine street. A year and a half later Mr. 
Norland retired from the firm of Norland & Howland, and the junior 
member then made a partnership with Harry Hurd, and continued busi- 
ness under that association as Howland & Hurd until 1910. Mr. Hurd 
then retired from the firm and since that time Mr. Howland has been 
in business alone. In 1912 at 1006 East Maine street Mr. Howland 
erected a substantial business block, built of pressed brick, and his store 
has since had its quarters there. This business block gives an imposing 
front to the business district of Merrill, and is considered one of the best 
business structures in the city. It has a frontage of thirty feet, is one 
hundred and ten feet in depth, and has two stories and basement. The 
second floor was partly finished for offices, but Mr. Howland has found 
that he already needs much of that space and has used it for a ware- 
room. In the rear of the store is a tinshop to supply all the demands 
of his trade in that line. His stock of hardware is complete in every 
department, and he also carries a complete stock of fishing tackle and 
sporting goods, which is a very important part of his trade. 

Elbert Everett Howland was born on a farm near Rutland, in Dane 
county, Wisconsin, October 29, 1877, a son of Samuel S. and Oretta W. 
(Osborn) Howland. His father, a Canadian by birth and a farmer by 
occupation, was twice married, and the Merrill hardware merchant is 
the youngest of his second family of children. The father moved to 
Wisconsin in 1848, about the time the territory became a state, and for 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1031 

many years was one of the substantial farmers and influential citizens 
of Dane county. His death occurred when his youngest child Elbert was 
six years old. 

Mr. Howland had the advantages of the county schools of Dane 
county up to the time he was about thirteen years of age. His mother 
then moved to Stoughton, Wisconsin, and there he finished his education 
in the high schools and the Stoughton business college. When ready to 
take up the practical duties of life on his own account, he entered the 
Stoughton flour mills, learned the miller's occupation, and followed the 
trade continuously for eight years. During the last three years he was 
head miller of the Stoughton mills. Though his success presaged a 
successful career in that line, he chose another field, and in partnership 
with Olaf Norland, also of Stoughton came to Merrill, and established 
the hardware business, with what success has already been related. 

Mr. Howland on April 12, 1899, married Miss Aletha W. Strommen 
of Stoughton, a daughter of Gunder Strommen. Four children have 
been born to their marriage as follows : Gerald, Giles. Lillian and Ruth. 
Fraternally Mr. Howland is affiliated with the Equitable Fraternal 
Union, the Modern Woodmen of America, and the Knights of Pythias. 

David Livingston. In the death of David Livingston in 1910, the 
city of Merrill lost its foremost merchant, and one of the enterprising 
and public spirited citizens who have done much in the past twenty 
years to promote both the business and civic prosperity of the com- 
munity. The late Mr. Livingston had come to Merrill in 1890 from 
Chicago and bought from S. Heineman his mercantile establishment, 
which still is conducted under the name of Livingston. The late Mr. 
Livingston possessed that talent for merchandising which is not altogether 
the result of training, and all his earlier experiences and preparations 
were such as to increase his resourcefulness and success as a merchant. 
David Livingston was born in Chicago, Illinois, July 3, 1858, a son of 
Isaac Livingston. His early boyhood was spent in his native city, and 
from the local schools he entered practical life as an employe in the 
general offices of the Chicago & Alton Railroad Company at Chicago. 
When still a young man he went west and spent four years in ( Jalifornia. 
Returning to Chicago, he established himself in the retail grocery busi- 
ness and successfully followed that line until his removal to Wisconsin. 
In 1890 he bought the Heineman general store at Merrill, moved his 
family there and was a resident of the city until his death. In 1S92. 
with his brother Samuel and his brother-in-law. Charles Livingston, 
(David Livingston married a Miss Livingston, but not a relative), bought 
out the general store of Heineman Brothers at Wausau. Thereafter the 
Livingston interests conducted both establishments with much success, 
although Mr. David Livingston continued in charge of the Merrill store. 



1032 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

After his death in 1910 the Wausau store was sold to the Winkleman 
Company. The Livingston family still own the building at Wausau in 
which the business is conducted, and it is the finest business block in 
Wausau. The Livingston building at Merrill, in which the Livingston 
Department Store is located, is also the largest and best built structure 
of its kind in Merrill. The store occupies all the floor space, and is an 
up to date and well equipped department store, including groceries, 
shoes, dry goods, clothing and men's furnishing departments, ladies' 
ready to wear department, and also carpets and other house furnishings. 
About thirty clerks are employed in the establishment, and the annual 
volume of business easily ranks this concern as one of the largest in 
northern Wisconsin. 

After the death of David Livingston, the business was incorporated 
as a stock company, with his son Cliff Livingston as president, Mrs. 
Jennie, widow of David Livingston, vice president, and S. S. Stein as 
secretary and treasurer. Cliff Livingston and S. S. Stein are actively 
engaged in the management of the store. 

The three children of the late David Livingston and wife are : Sid- 
ney, who is living on a ranch in Pasco, Washington ; Clifford R., and 
Isabelle. 

Clifford R. Livingston was born in Chicago, March 18, 1889, and was 
about one year old when the parents moved to Merrill. He grew up in 
this city, attended the public schools, and for three years was a student 
in the Shattuck Military Academy at Faribault, Minnesota. With his 
education completed he returned to Merrill, and entered his father's 
store, where he worked through all the various departments, and thor- 
oughly trained himself for the responsibilities which have since de- 
A 7 olved upon him as president of the company. 

Mr. E. S. Stein, secretary and treasurer of the company, was born 
in Milwaukee, and his father was a successful photographer of that 
city. 

W. S. Henry. Among the old and substantial banking institutions 
of Wisconsin, is the Jefferson County Bank of Jefferson, which was 
founded in 1855, and whose continuous existence and practically unin- 
terrupted prosperity for more than half a century gives it special dis- 
tinction among the banking houses of the state. W. S. Henry, who has 
been cashier of this bank since 1911, has been in the banking business 
practically all his life, and his father was a well known banker of Jeffer- 
son county. 

W. S. Henry was born at Jefferson, Wisconsin, July 2, 1862, a 
son of Yale and Sarah (Sayer) Henry, both of whom were natives of 
New York state, and of old American families. Yale Henry came to 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1033 

Wisconsin in 1841, was one of the pioneer settlers of Jefferson county, 
and near the little village of Jefferson took up a tract of wild land, in 
the improvement and cultivation of which he endured all the labors and 
hardships of frontier life. A man of great energy and splendid business 
judgment, he won for himself a worthy success, and was for years 
recognized as one of the most substantial citizens of the county. Besides 
reclaiming a valuable farm from the wilderness, he was closely identified 
with important business enterprises. On the organization of the Farmers 
& Merchants Bank of Jefferson in 1873, he was chosen president, and 
wisely guided the destinies of that bank for nearly a quarter of a century, 
until the end of his own life. From 1870 until 1885, he also did a large 
business in the buying and shipping of grain and hops, and perhaps to 
no other individual was the development of the hop-growing industry in 
that county more due. His name is found on the list of those who or- 
ganized and gave liberally and generously to the Liberal Institute at 
Jefferson, in its day one of the best educational centers in the southern 
part of the state. Up to 1886 Mr. Yale Henry lived on the old homstead 
farm, then moved to Jefferson City, and lived there secure in the regard 
of all who knew him until his death on January 10, 1896. His wife, who 
had cheerfully borne with him the pioneer labors of his early residence 
in Wisconsin, died in 1872. The senior Henry joined the Republican 
party at its organization, and voted consistently for its candidates until 
his death. He was a member of the Universalist church and fraternally 
was affiliated with Jefferson Lodge No. 9, A. F. & A. M., and Jefferson 
Lodge No. 29, I. 0. 0. F. Of his eight children only three are now 
living. 

Mr. W. S. Henry grew up in Jefferson county and had the full ad- 
vantages of the local schools until he had reached his majority. At the 
same time he had spent all his vacations in assisting to run the home 
farm, and remained in the country until 1881. In 1888 Mr. Henry 
entered the Farmers & Merchants Bank of Jefferson as clerk, and two 
years later was promoted to the position of assistant cashier. He con- 
tinued one of the officials in that bank during the remainder of his 
father's life, and for some years afterwards, and resigned in 1911 to 
take the cashiership of the Jefferson County Bank. The Jefferson County 
Bank was founded in 1855, and now bases its operations upon a capital 
stock of $75,000, fully paid in. Its surplus fund is $15,000; its banking 
house with furniture and fixtures, is valued at $7,500 ; and its deposits 
at the close of year 1913 were approximately $425,000. The executive 
officials are : Warren II. Porter, president ; J. W. Puerner, vice presi- 
dent; W. S. Henry, cashier; M. Beck, assistant cashier; and Roy Puerner. 
teller. Mr. Henry is also a director in the Wisconsin Manufacturing 
Company, one of the leading industrial enterprises of Jefferson county, 
vice president of the R. Heger Malt and Brewing Company, and is in- 
terested in various other business concerns in that locality. 



1034 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

In politics he has chosen differently from his father, and has long 
been a loyal worker in behalf of the Democracy. Several times he has 
served as delegate to the Wisconsin state convention and was a delegate 
to the national convention in 1896 at St. Louis. A progressive and broad 
minded citizen, he served as mayor of Jefferson from 1900 to 1906, and 
again from 1908 to 1910. His administration of municipal affairs was 
careful and effective, and under him the city made substantial advance- 
ment especially in its permanent improvement. Mr. Henry was reared 
in the faith of the Protestant Episcopal church, and attends and gives 
his liberal support to its work. Mrs. Henry is a communicant of the 
same church. His fraternal affiliations are with the lodge and chapter 
of Masonry, and he and his family are in the leading social activities 
of Jefferson. 

On November 26, 1882, Mr. Henry married Miss Jessie M. Harris, of 
Fond du Lac. Of their four children three are living, Sarah, Lulu and 
Robert Kirkland. 

Lucius K. Baker. One of the greatest industries in the northwest is 
the lumber industry. Among the men conspicuous in the development of 
this industry is Lucius K. Baker of Ashland. His start as a lumberman 
was made in western Michigan, nearly forty years ago and his home has 
been at Ashland for the past twenty years. 

Lucius K. Baker was born in Ashtabula county, Ohio, August 16, 1855. 
His father, Edward P. Baker, a native of New York state, when a young 
man moved to Kellogsville, in Ashtabula county, Ohio, where for many 
years he operated a tannery and leather business. 

Edward P. Baker married Pauline Bloss, a native of Ohio. Their 
two children were Lucius and Edward B., the latter dying at the age 
of thirty-four. 

Mr. L. K. Baker had a common school education in Ashtabula county, 
and also in Grand River Institute in Austinburg, Ohio. Iii 1876 he went 
to Ludington, Michigan, in the employ of E. B. Ward, who was succeeded 
by Thomas R. Lyon, (Agent) where he remained until 1896. In 1896 
he came to Wisconsin and has been a permanent resident of Ashland 
since. 

In 1893 Mr. Baker with Mr. Stearns, J. W. Gary and J. S. Woodruff 
organized the J. S. Stearns Lumber Company of which he was made 
secretary and treasurer. In 1907, Mr. Baker, in company with Mr. 
Gary and Mr. Woodruff purchased the interests of Mr. Stearns, and Mr. 
Baker was made president of the new company. The company is still 
among the large manufacturers in northern Wisconsin, operating large 
lumber plants at Odanah and Washburn, also the Ashland, Odanah & 
Marengo Railway Company. The company is one of the best known and 
most successful in the state. 

In addition to his Odanah interests he is president of the Baker 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1035 

Lumber Company at Terrell, Arkansas. He is also largely interested 
in, and a director of the following companies: Scott & Howe Lumber 
Company of Ironwood, Michigan; the Northern National Bank of Ash- 
land, Wisconsin; and the McCarroll Lumber Company of Hammond, 
Louisiana; the Lyon Cypress Lumber Company of Gary, Louisiana; the 
Mellen Lumber Company of Mellen, Wisconsin; The Ellisson Lumber 
Company of Madison, Wisconsin; the Lyon, Gary & Company of Chi- 
cago ; the Bagdad Land & Lumber Company of Bagdad, Florida, and the 
Wausau Accident & Insurance Company. 

He was mayor of the city of Ludington, Michigan, for one term, 
and also president of the school board of the same city for a term or 
more. His political affiliations are with the Republican party. Fra- 
ternally he is a Mason, having membership in the Ashland Commandery 
of the Knights Templar. 

Mr. Baker was married June 26, 1882, to May C. Foster of Ludington, 
Michigan. Mrs. Baker died in 1893. Mr. Baker has one daughter, 
Helen, who resides with him at Ashland. 

Frank W. Houghton. An active member of the Wisconsin bar since 
1879, Mr. Houghton was engaged in the practice of his profession at 
Oshkosh for twenty years, and since that time has maintained his resi- 
dence and professional headquarters in the city of Milwaukee, where 
he is senior member of the firm of Houghton, Neelen & Houghton. Mr. 
Houghton has been dependent upon his own resources from the time he 
was a lad of eight years, and his life has been one of earnest and con- 
stant endeavor. 

Frank Wilbur Houghton was born at Adams Basin, Monroe county, 
New York, on the 21st of December, 1849, and is a son of Reuben B. and 
Ruth Ann (Ring) Houghton. The father was born in Massachusetts 
and the mother was a native of New Hampshire. Both passed the closing 
years of their lives at Adams Basin, Monroe county. New York, the 
father having been a farmer by vocation and also a manufacturer of 
grain-cradles in the early days when these primitive implements were 
in common use. Lieutenant William Ring, an uncle of the mother of 
Frank W. Houghton, was a valiant soldier in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and served under General Ethan Allen in the capture of Fort 
Ticonderoga. 

Mr. Houghton's rudimentary education was obtained in a district 
school in his native place, and he himself earned the means by which 
he was enabled to carry forward his intellectual training. He was 
eighteen years of age when he came to Wisconsin, and by hard work 
he earned sufficient money to justify his matriculation in Lawrence 
College, at Appleton, this state. In this institution he completed the 
classical course and was graduated as a mem her of the class of the 
Centennial year, 1876, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. For several 



1036 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

years he devoted more or less time to teaching in the public schools, and 
thus defrayed a considerable part of his college expenses and also those 
of the maintenance of himself and his young wife while he was preparing 
himself for his chosen profession. Mrs. Houghton had in every possible 
way aided and encouraged him in his plans. He began reading law in 
a private way and while thus engaged was principal of the high school 
at Wausau. Later he continued his technical studies at Milwaukee, in 
the office of Carpenter & Smiths, leading members of the bar of the 
state. From the office of this firm Mr. Houghton was admitted to the 
bar on the 4th of September, 1879. In the following April he opened 
an office at Oshkosh, where he eventually became one of the leaders at 
the bar of that county. 

On the 1st of July, 1900, Mr. Houghton removed from Oshkosh to 
Milwaukee, where he formed a partnership with Neele B. Neelen, under 
the firm name of Houghton & Neelen. In September, 1909, his eldest 
son, Albert B., was admitted to the firm, the title of which has since 
been Houghton, Neelen & Houghton. 

During his many years of active practice Mr. Houghton has appeared 
in connection with many important litigations, and has practiced in all 
of the courts, from that of justice of the peace to the supreme court of 
the United States. He is a Republican in politics and has been since 
casting his first presidential ballot, which was for Ulysses S. Grant in 
1872. He has been affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows since 1877 ; the Knights of Pythias since 1883 ; and the Masonic 
Fraternity since 1905. In the last mentioned order he holds membership 
in Damascus Lodge No. 290, F. & A. M. ; Kilbourn Chapter No. 9, 
R. and S. M. ; Ivanhoe Commandery. Knights Templar ; and Wisconsin 
Consistory, S. P. R. S. 

At the home of the bride "s parents, at Weyauwega, Waupaca county, 
Wisconsin, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Houghton to Miss Mary 
Julia Balch, who had been his classmate in Lawrence College. She was 
born at Weyauwega, Wisconsin, January 21, 1855, and is a daughter of 
Albert V. and Sarah (Parmalee) Balch, honored pioneers of Wisconsin. 
Representatives of both the Balch and Parmalee families were patriot 
soldiers in the Continental army in the War of the Revolution. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Houghton were born five children, all of whom are living except 
Frank Wilbur, Jr.. who passed away on the 13th of November, 1897, at 
the age of thirteen years; Laura Madge remains at the parental home; 
Mary Ruth is the wife of George A. Cierry and they reside in Ironwood, 
Michigan ; Albert B. is associated with his father in the practice of law, 
as previously noted ; and Harry Abner is a traveling salesman whose 
residence is at AVauwatosa, Wisconsin. 

George Ott. Among the industries which have contributed to the 
prominence of La Crosse as a manufacturing center, none hold greater 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1037 

prestige than that of B. Ott & Son,}, Inc., manufacturers of all kinds of 
machinery, an enterprise that has grown from small beginnings into 
one of the leading concerns of its kind in the northwest. The president 
of this company, George Ott, who with his brothers is carrying on the 
work begun by their father, is a man of consummate business ability, 
whose entire career has been spent in the line in which he is now en- 
gaged, although aside from his business interests he has found time to 
devote himself to the various activities which go to make for good citizen- 
ship. Mr. Ott was born June 21, 1862. in La Crosse, and is a son of 
Benedict and Theresa Ott, natives of Germany. 

Benedict Ott was eight years of age when he accompanied his parents 
to the United States, the family locating in Milwaukee, where his father 
followed marble cutting up to the time of his death. In 1856 Benedict 
Ott left his home in Milwaukee and went to Dubuque, Iowa, where he 
spent a short time and was married, after which he came up the river 
to La Crosse. When permanently settled, he accepted a position as fore- 
man with the firm of Paul & Leach, machinists, who subsequently sold 
their business to E. C. and E. G. Smith, and which later became Thornley 
<& James. He remained with them until October, 1879. In that year he 
entered into a co-partnership with a Mr. Thornley, under the firm title 
of Thornley & Ott, and this association continued ten years, when Mr. 
Ott bought his partner's interest. The firm of B. Ott & Sons was estab- 
lished in 1890, when the sons were taken into partnership by their 
father, and so continued until the death of Mr. Ott in 1908. It has been 
said that the beginning of civilization is the discovery of some useful 
arts, by which men acquire property, comforts or luxuries. The neces- 
sity or desire of preserving them leads to laws and social institutions. 
In reality, the origin, as well as the progress and improvement of civil 
society, is founded on mechanical and chemical inventions, and in re- 
viewing the circumstances of Mr. Ott's career, it is found that his was 
a life passed for the most part in the invention and development of 
some of the most useful articles which have been the means of saving 
labor in late years. It is to Mr. Ott that the world is indebted for the 
original ideas that resulted in the perfection of the famous McCormick 
self-binding and reaping machines. Having conceived the idea of such 
a machine. Mr. Ott was without funds to develop his invention, and 
finally sold his interest therein for the sum of $500, thus sacrificing the 
fame that would have come to him as the inventor of this greal labor- 
saving device, and the financial emoluments, which would have probably 
amounted into the millions. His fertile mind, however, did not stop at 
this, for he subsequently took out patents and manufactured many useful 
articles which are in general use today, specification of which is made 
impossible by the limits assigned to this review. One. however, is de- 
serving of special mention, the '1». Ott Cutter.'* used in tanneries 
throughout the country. Mr. Ott was a Democrat during the great part 



1038 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

of his life, but in his latter years became a Republican. He was always 
interested in anything that affected his adopted city in any way, assisted 
other earnest and hard-working men in promulgating and forwarding 
movements for the benefit of the community, and for some years served 
as alderman of the Third Ward. His death lost the city one of its best 
and most public-spirited citizens. He and his wife were the parents of 
nine children, of whom the following survive : John J., George, William, 
Ida, Fred and Gust. 

In 1909 the firm of B. Ott & Sons was reorganized and incorporated, 
although the original name was retained, the officers at this time being : 
George Ott, president ; John J. Ott, vice president ; Fred Ott, secretary ; 
and Gust Ott, treasurer. The firm manufactures all kinds of machinery 
and parts, and also maintains a department for the repairing of machin- 
ery, and the trade has extended over a wide territory. 

George Ott attended the public schools until reaching his eighteenth 
year, at which time he entered the molding establishment of John James 
& Company, in whose employ he continued several years. His next con- 
nection was with a La Crosse milling concern, and he was so engaged 
until becoming connected with the firm of B. Ott & Sons, the manage- 
ment of which now receives the greater part of his attention. Mr. Ott 
is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and of the Fraternal 
Reserve Association. He holds membership also in the Governors Guard 
Association, having served as first lieutenant of Company B, Third 
Regiment, Wisconsin National Guard for nineteen years. When he can 
lay aside the multitudinous cares of business life, he takes his family 
on a fishing excursion to French Island, on the Mississippi river, and 
seldom returns without some excellent trophies which have fallen to 
his skill with the rod. 

On February 12, 1885, Mr. Ott was married at La Crosse to Miss 
Louisa Thoolens, and they had four children, all of whom died in 
infancy. 

Benjamin C. Willson. About thirty years ago the two Willson 
brothers were running a drug store at Edgerton, Wisconsin, carrying' 
the usual stock of goods to be found in a store of that kind. Both the 
proprietors were young men possessed of the spirit of twentieth century 
enterprise and were constantly alert for opportunities and methods 
which would broaden and establish their business on a distinctive scale. 
Out of that prescription drug store, bought by Benjamin C. and Dexter 
I. Willson, in 1882, has been developed through their united efforts, one 
of the important manufacturing concerns of Edgerton known as the 
Willson Bros. Monarch Laboratory, of which Benjamin C. Willson is 
now the sole proprietor. The manufacturing and general business of 
the company are now conducted in a large factory and office building, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1039 

and the Monarch Laboratory's varied lines of pharmaceutical prepara- 
tions is now distributed in nearly every state of the union. The pro- 
ducts have a national reputation and demand, and have travelling and 
local representatives in a majority of the states. 

Benjamin C. Willson, who has shown remarkable energy and capac- 
ity for business, was born at Newton, New Jersey, on September 7, 
1862, a son of Samuel I. and Arabelle (Roe) Willson, hoth natives of 
New Jersey. His mother was descended from one of the old American 
families of Mayflower ancestry. His father having died in the east, 
•Benjamin Willson and his brother Dexter I. came west with their 
mother in 1876, locating first at Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin. From there 
they removed I to Edgerton in Rock county. In 1878 Benjamin C. 
Willson became a clerk in the drug store of M. Croft, at Edgerton, 
and that was his first experience in the line along which his enterprise 
has subsequently developed. After becoming a clerk he studied phar- 
macy, passed the State Pharmaceutical Board examination in 1882 at 
the age of twenty, and then he and his brother bought the store from 
Mr. Croft, and began business under the firm name of Willson Bros. 
In 1910 Dexter I. Willson died, and Benjamin bought his interest from 
the estate, though the business is still conducted under the old name 
of Willson Bros. 

At the present time the Monarch Laboratory, evolved from the 
small drug business of 1882, is one of the largest organizations of its 
kind in Wisconsin. Its special lines of manufacture are the Monarch 
Remedies, pure flavoring extracts and the ground spices, perfumes, 
soaps, toilet articles, and a complete line of veterinary remedies. Every 
product of the Monarch laboratory is manufactured with special care, 
and goes to the trade with reputation of Willson Brothers behind it- 
Benjamin C. Willson is a member of the State Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, and has fraternal membership with Edgerton Lodge No. 69, 
A. F. & A. M., is a charter member of the Edgerton Camp of the 
Modern Woodmen of America; in politics is a Democrat, and his church 
home is the Congregational. In 1882 he married Miss Matia Rogers, of 
Milton Junction, Wisconsin. At her death in 1899 she left three chil- 
dren: R. Earl, who died at the age of thirteen; Mabel, wife of Dr. 
A. T. Shearer, of Edgerton; and Madge, who lives at home. Mr. Will- 
son's present wife was Miss Edith Conrad, of Algona, Iowa. 

Joseph Dillon. A veteran of the Spanish-American war with the 
Wisconsin Troops, Joseph Dillon is well known in the city of Racine, 
where he is a newspaper man and engaged in the printing business. 

He was born in Mt. Pleasant, Racine county, August 8, 1876, a son 
of Chester E. and Emma (De Groat) Dillon. His parents were both 
born in New York State, and his father was for many years one of the 



1040 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

substantial farmers in Racine county. It was on the old farm that 
Joseph Dillon grew up, had his education in the local schools, and about 
thirteen years ago moved with the family to the city of Racine. After 
leaving school Mr. Dillon found employment with the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railroad, and was for about three years in railway 
service. At the beginning of the Spanish- American War he was given 
a commission as first lieutenant in the First Wisconsin Volunteers, and 
made a record as a soldier of which he may well be proud. After the 
war he took up newspaper work and was identified with that profession 
for five years. He then established a printing office in Racine, and now' 
conducts a first-class establishment, with facilities for all kinds of work, 
and with a large and prosperous business. Mr. Dillon is a member of 
the Methodist church, is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and the Spanish-American 
War Veterans. 

Terrence McKone. One of the best known citizens of Oshkosh was 
the late Terrence McKone, whose death occurred October 2-4, 1911, at the 
age of fifty-four. His home had been in Oshkosh for forty-five years, 
and from a beginning in comparative poverty and obscurity he had 
advanced to important official responsibilities in the community, and 
was also successful as a business man. He had a host of friends and 
acquaintances in and about Oshkosh and his loss was regarded as that of 
a leading citizen. 

Terrence McKone was born in county Cavan, Ireland, March 17, 
1857. When ten years old he came to America and lived in Oshkosh the 
rest of his life. He early found employment at the Sawyer Sawmill, 
now a part of the Paine Lumber Company's plant, and while at work 
earning his living was also attending school in the W. W. Daggit 
Business College. On April 14, 1876, the college granted him a diploma 
of proficiency as a single and double entry bookkeeper. His work soon 
led him into the grocery trade, and after following out his interests 
in that line he was employed for six years as a mail carrier, and in 
that work became familiarly known to a greater portion of the people 
of Oshkosh. For a number of years Mr. McKone was identified with 
the real estate business in Oshkosh, and in 1890 was first elected to the 
office of Alderman from the Fiftb ward. He continued as an able 
member of the common council for seven years, and also held the office 
of constable. Governor George W. Peck subsequently appointed Mr. 
McKone state deputy treasury agent, with Winnebago county as his 
district, and be continued to hold that office under the administrations 
of Governors M. LaFollette and James 0. Davidson, resigning in 1910 
on account of his poor health. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1041 

Mr. McKone's home at the time of his death was at 675 Algoma 
street. On Septemher 14, 1887, he married in Germantown, Wisconsin, 
Miss Mary Trenwith, a daughter of Henry Trenwith, who came from 
county Cork, Ireland, and settled on a farm in Wisconsin where he 
spent the remainder of his life. Surviving the late Terrcnce McKone 
are his widow and three sons, as follows: James II. McKone, a member 
of the Oshkosh Fire department; Leo J. McKone. who is now in the 
coal and wood business; and Francis T. McKone. connected with the 
Paine Lumber Company of Oshkosh. 

Alfred L. Cary. Prominent among those who have left definite and 
worthy impress upon the history of jurisprudence in Wisconsin and who 
have long held high prestige at the bar of this state stands the well known 
and honored citizen and veteran lawyer whose name initiates this para- 
graph and who is still engaged in the active practice of his profession in 
the city of Milwaukee, where he is the senior member of the representa- 
tive and distinguished law firm of Cary, Upham & Black. Mr. Cary is 
not only a man of high intellectual and professional attainments, with a 
record of admirable achievement in his chosen vocation, but he has also 
stood exponent of the most loyal and liberal citizenship and has so guided 
and governed his life as to merit and receive the unqualified confidence 
and respect of his fellow men. Concerning the family history further 
data appear in the memoir dedicated to his revered uncle, the late John 
W. Cary, on other pages of this publication, and it may be stated in a 
preliminary way that he was intimately associated with his uncle, who 
was one of the foremost of the representatives of the Wisconsin bar in 
the pioneer days and up to the time of his death. 

Alfred L. Cary is a scion of families that were founded in New 
England, that cradle of much of our national history, in the colonial 
days, and he himself claims the fine old Empire state of the Union as 
the place of his nativity. He was born at Sterling, Cayuga county. 
New York, on the 23d of July, 1835, and is a son of Nathaniel C. and 
Sophia (Eaton) Cary, the former a native of Shoreham. Addison county. 
Vermont, and the latter of Mansfield. Tolland county, Connecticut. The 
parents came to Wisconsin in ]879 and here passed the residue of their 
lives — folk of sterling character and high ideals. The father was a 
wagonmaker by trade and he followed this vocation during the greater 
part of his active career, though he lived virtually retired after his re- 
moval to Wisconsin, both lie and his wife having passed the closing 
period of their long and useful lives in the city of Racine. 

In his native town Alfred L. Cary acquired his preliminary educa- 
tional discipline, which was effectively supplemented by the pursuance o\' 
higher academic studies in an academy at Auburn. New York, and a 
seminary at Fulton, that state. He came to Wisconsin in 1853 alone, and 



1042 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

in this state he had the privilege of continuing his educational work in 
the high school at Racine, the principal of the same at that time having 
been Professor John G. McMynn, who was one of the distinguished and 
honored educators of Wisconsin and who served at one time as state 
superintendent of schools. 

In May, 1858, shortly before attaining his twenty-third birthday an- 
niversary, Mr. Cary initiated the work of preparing himself for the 
profession in which he was destined to gain much of precedence and 
distinction. At Racine he entered the law offices of his uncle, John W. 
Cary, under whose able and earnest preceptorship he continued his tech- 
nical studies until he proved himself eligible for and was admitted to the 
bar of the state, upon examination before a committee appointed by 
the circuit court of Milwaukee county. Early in January of the preced- 
ing year he had accompanied- his ancle on the latter 's removal to Mil- 
waukee, where the uncle became senior member of the law firm of Cary 
& Pratt. In the office of this strong and popular firm Alfred L. Cary held 
a clerical position until 1864, and in the meanwhile he gained practical 
and valuable experience. In the year last mentioned the original part- 
nership was dissolved and an alliance was formed between John W. and 
Alfred L. Cary, Jed P. C. Cottrili having later been admitted to the 
firm, the large and important business of which was thereafter con- 
ducted under the title of Carys & Cottrili until 1874, when John W. 
Cary, the senior member, withdrew to become general solicitor for the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company. The two remaining 
principals of the' firm continued their association, under the name of 
Cottrili & Cary, until 1879, and in the meanwhile Alfred L. Cary, of 
this review, assumed the position of general solicitor for the Mil- 
waukee, Lake Shore & Western Railway Company, an incumbency 
which he retained until the company's line and business were sold to the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company in 1893. Mr. Cary handled 
the legal affairs of the railroad with utmost discrimination and success 
and in this and other connections appeared in many important litiga- 
tions, through the medium of which his professional reputation was 
signally furthered. 

In August, 1893, Judge Jenkins, of the United States circuit court for 
the eastern district, appointed Mr. Cary special master on the litigation 
pending in that court for the foreclosure of the mortgages given by the 
Northern Pacific Railway Company. The suit thus brought was the 
primary case of the series of auxiliary suits that were brought in othei 
states and covering the entire length of the line of the Northern Pacific. 
The mortgages had been given by this railroad company to the Farmers' 
Loan & Trust Company of New York city. There were three mortgages 
involved in the initial proceedings with which Mr. Cary was identified, 
and Thomas F. Oakes, Henry C. Payne and Henry C. Rouse were ap- 
pointed receivers for the Northern Pacific Company. Mr. Cary's duties 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1043 

in this connection appertained specially to the passing of the accounts 
of the receivers and to the hearing of various claims and litigations which 
were referred to him by the court. The mortgages involved aggregated 
many millions of dollars, and the judgment for deficiencies as allowed 
by Mr. Cary amounted to over .^100,000,000. He eventually effected 
the sale of Northern Pacific railway and land grants, under the pro- 
visions of the decree entered by the court, and the Northern Pacific Rail- 
way Company of the present time holds its title through the deed given 
by Mr. Cary as special master in connection with the litigations that had 
taken place. 

In the special service which he had thus performed Mr. Cary had 
incidentally gained prestige as one of the most versatile and resourceful 
members of the Wisconsin bar, with a reputation that was of national 
order. In 1894 he formed a professional partnership with John B. Fish, 
and in 1897 Horace A. J. Upham and William Edward Black were ad- 
mitted to the firm. This noteworthy alliance continued until the death 
of Mr. Fish, in August, 1900, since which time the important and repre- 
sentative law business has been conducted under the firm name of Cary. 
Upham & Black, all three principals in this well known firm being in- 
dividually represented in this publication. The personnel of the firm has 
made it one of the foremost of the kind in the middle west, and its mem- 
bers exemplify the highest ethics and ideals of the profession which they 
have dignified and honored. 

Though subordinating all else to the demands of his exacting pro- 
fession, Mr. Cary is essentially broadminded, progressive and public- 
spirited in his civic attitude, and, as may well be inferred, he has at all 
times been found thoroughly fortified in his convictions and opinions 
concerning matters of economic and governmental polity. He continued 
to support the cause of the Democratic party until the first nomination 
of Bryan for the presidency, when his sincere convictions impelled him 
to transfer his allegiance to the Republican party, with which he has 
since continued to be identified. In 1872 he served as a member of 
the common council of Milwaukee, and in the following year he was 
given further manifestation of popular confidence and esteem, in that he 
was elected to represent Milwaukee county in the state legislature, in 
which he proved a most loyal and valued member of the assembly or 
lower house. Mr. Cary is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity and is 
a charter member of the Milwaukee Club, of which representative or- 
ganization he served as president for six years. He is also identified 
with the Milwaukee Country Club and the Fox Point Club, and in the 
city and state that have represented his home from his youth to the 
present his circle of friends is coincident with that of his acquaintances. 
He is one of the venerable and distinguished members of the Wiscon- 
sin bar. 

On the 6th of September, 1864, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 



1044 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Cary to Miss Harriet M. Van Slyck, daughter of Jesse M. and Nancy 
(McHinch) Van Slyck, who were honored pioneers of Milwaukee. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cary have four children : Robert J., 'Walter, Harriet S. and 
Irving B. 

Theobald Otjen's twelve years "of service in Congress made him 
well known, both in State and National affairs; Milwaukeeans, — his 
neighbors — have always known and respected him for his kindliness, 
honesty and ability, and his willing and untiring efforts for the bet- 
terment of their city. The history of his life is a list of successful 
accomplishments for the public good. His has been the type of citizen- 
ship which never hesitates to sacrifice private interests for the general 
welfare, and whether in local civic work, or as a member of Congress, 
Mr. Otjen has always shown a true devotion and loyalty to all that would 
result in the public good. 

Theobald Otjen was born in West China, St. Claire county, Mich- 
igan, on October 27th, 1851, and is the son of John C. and Dorothea 
(Schreiner) Otjen. Both parents were born in Germany. John C. Otjen 
came to the United States in 1827, located first in Baltimore, Maryland, 
then moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and still later to Michigan. In Balti- 
more and in Cincinnati the father followed his trade as cabinet maker, 
an art which he had thoroughly mastered in his native land. In Mich- 
igan his career was devoted to farming, and he spent his remaining days 
in that vocation. 

Theobald Otjen was educated in the Marine City Academy, located 
at Marine City, Michigan, and at a private school in Detroit, Michigan, 
conducted by Prof. P. M. Patterson. In 1870 Mr. Otjen came to Mil- 
waukee, being then nineteen years of age. While here he worked as a 
foreman in the Rolling Mills. In 1872 he entered the law department 
of the University of Michigan, where he was graduated in the class of 
1875, and received the degree of LL. B. The first two years of his 
practice were spent in the City of Detroit, as a member of the firm of 
Otjen and Rabeaut. Then in 1883 he came to Bay View, now a portion 
of the City of Milwaukee, which city has since been his home. At Bay 
View he commenced the practice of law, and in connection therewith 
conducted a real estate and insurance business. The business thus started 
has successfully continued since that date until the present time, and is 
now conducted by Mr. Otjen and his elder son under the firm name of 
Otjen & Otjen. 

From 1885 to 1887 Mr. Otjen was attorney for the Village of Bay 
View. He was village attorney for South Milwaukee when that munici- 
pality was first organized. In 1887 he was elected member of the Com- 
mon Council of the City of Milwaukee, and served seven years as such 
member. His work there was of a kind that leaves a definite impression 




(9%2^.$^^z^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1045 

on the city's history, as is illustrated by his work in connection with 
the City Park System and the Library-Museum building. 

While in the Council as Chairman of the Committee on Legislation, 
Mr. Otjen secured the passage of the present Milwaukee Park Law. 
Under that law was created the Park Board with the subsequent estab- 
lishment of Milwaukee's splendid system of parks, and under the pro- 
visions of that law have been created Lake, Riverside, Mitchell, Kosci-» 
usko, Humboldt, and the other beautiful Milwaukee parks. 

As a trustee of the Public Library and Museum from 1887 to 1904, 
he was a member of the committee that selected the plans for the new 
library building. As Chairman of the Committee on Legislation of the 
Common Council, he secured the passage of an act by the Legislature 
authorizing the issuance of bonds for the erection of the new library 
building. Thus much credit is due to Mr. Otjen for Milwaukee's beauti- 
ful library. 

His larger political career began in 1892, when he was nominated 
by the Republican Party for Congress by acclamation. He was de- 
feated by Hon. J. L. Mitchell, later senator, the chief cause of his defeat 
being due to the agitation over the ' ' Bennett Law, "as a result of which 
a large number of foreign votes were transferred to the Democratic 
side. However, in 1894 Mr. Otjeii was elected and continued to serve 
this State in the National Congress for twelve consecutive years, as a 
member of the Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, Fifty-seventh, Fif- 
ty-eighth and Fifty-ninth Congresses. His successful industry in Con- 
gress brought much to Milwaukee. The Harbor of Refuge, the Light 
House Supply Station and government aid to the Inner-Harbor Improve- 
ments indicate the nature of the advantages Mr. Otjen secured for Mil- 
waukee. During his term in office he secured more money for improve- 
ments in Milwaukee than any other representative from that City in the 
National Congress. While in Congress he was appointed a member of 
the Industrial Commission by Speaker Reed. 

Since retiring from Congress Mr. Otjen followed his profession as a 
lawyer, acted as director of the German American Bank, and has over- 
seen the management of many large estates and real estate undertakings, 
but although much engrossed in his work, he has been liberal to the 
public of his time, energy and ability. For the passed four years he 
has been president of the South Division Civic Association, the most 
important organization of its kind, not only on the South Side, but of 
the entire city. Its active membership now comprises nearly six hun- 
dred. Through its effective and systematic organization, it has accom- 
plished more substantial good for the. city than any other civic body. 
The Association has already a large record of practical performances, 
and in no small degree must credit be given to its president for them. 

Mr. Otjen 's election on March 9, 1913, to the office of president of the 
South Side Realty Company was in recognition of his long association 



1046 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

with real estate matters and general business in the southern section of 
the city. 

In fraternal affairs Mr. Otjen is affiliated with the various bodies iu 
Masonry, including Lake Lodge No. 189 F. and A. M., and Ivanhoe Com- 
niandery, Knights Templar. At the present time the home of the Lake 
Lodge is one of the finest structures of its kind in the State, having cost 
twenty-eight thousand dollars to complete. In the efforts and vigorous 
campaign necessary to raise the funds for the erection of this building, 
Mr. Otjen was a leader, and much credit is due him for the successful 
outcome of the enterprise. He is also affiliated with the Eoyal Arcanum, 
and supports among the churches, the Methodist. For some years he has 
been trustee of Lawrence College, Appleton, Wisconsin. 

On March 12th, 1879, Mr. Otjen married Miss Louise E. Heames, 
daughter of Henry and Anna Matilda (Carpenter) Heames of Detroit, 
Michigan. Their four children are : Henry H., Grave V., Fanny H., 
and Christian John. 

Johh B. Heim. In the election of John B. Heim to the office of 
mayor in 1912, the citizens of Madison honored a man whose record for 
more than thirty years has been distinguished for a high degree of 
public service and efficiency both in office and in private business. A 
resident of this city for fifty-five years, he has witnessed and has been 
an important factor in its upbuilding and the years of his life have been 
marked bj^ success and influence. 

Mr. Heim was born in Rochester, New York, July 15, 1848. His 
parents w T ere Conrad and Anastasia (Aut) Heim. Both natives of Ger- 
many, the father was born at Unterleichtersbach, Bavaria, November 
1, 1821, and died in Madison, November 11, 1900, and the mother was 
born at Heinsell, Hessia, September 23, 1822, and died May 27, 1865. 
They were married at Rochester, New York, and of their ten children, 
eight sons and two daughters, three sons and one daughter survive, 
John B. being the eldest. 

The late Conrad Heim, who was a well known citizen of Madison, 
came to America in 1846, spending fifty-six days on a sailing vessel be- 
fore landing in New York. A tailor by trade, he engaged in that busi- 
ness at Rochester, until 1858, in which year he moved west and located 
in the city of Madison, the date of his arrival here being April 22nd. 
Up to 1863 he conducted both a general clothing and tailoring business, 
then became cutter for the firm of S. Klauber & Company, until 1879, 
when he retired and lived quietly the remainder of his long years. He 
was a Democrat, a Catholic, and was one of the founders of the St. 
Michael's Sick Benefit Society in this city. 

During the first ten years of his life in Rochester, John B. Heim at- 
tended the German Catholic parochial school, and after the removal of 
the family to Madison he completed his early education at the parochial 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1047 

school of the Holy Redeemer German Catholic Church. On the twenty- 
eighth of June, 1861, he began his vocational training as apprentice to 
the book-binding trade with the firm of B. W. Suckow. In 1869 he be- 
came connected with the firm of William J. Park & Company at Madi- 
son. He rose to be manager of the book-binding department, and con- 
tinued in that position from April 12, 1871, to October 12, 1882. 

In April, 1881, Mr. Heim, a Democrat, was elected as senior alder- 
man from the strongly Republican Second Ward. He was in the council 
during an important period of municipal improvement, being an advocate 
of municipal ownership and did valuable service as chairman of the 
committee on construction of the city water works. October 12, 1882, he 
was elected the first superintendent of the city water works, and held 
that office for nearly seven years, until April 1, 1889, when he resigned 
to enter into the plumbing business. The efficiency of the water service 
in Madison was for many years due to Mr. Heim. By special request 
he again assumed his position as superintendent on October 5, 1890, and 
remained in charge of the plant up to January, 1911, when he finally 
retired. Much that is. permanently good in this branch of municipal 
work is the result of the long and faithful superintendence of John B. 
Heim. By petition of citizens, Mr. Heim became a candidate for the 
office of mayor, and was elected April 4, 1912, for a term of two j r ears. 

September 8, 1874, Mr. Heim married Miss Mary E. Rickenbach. 
Their happy union was terminated by her death on June 11, 1889. Of 
their children, three daughters and one son, two are living, namely : 
Katherine and Petronilla. Mr. Heim later married the sister of his first 
wife, Miss Prudence Rickenbach. They are the parents of one daughter, 
Marie. 

Mr. Heim is one of the prominent Catholics of Madison and the 
state. For nearly twelve years, he was a trustee of the Holy Redeemer 
Catholic church. He had. charge of three bazaars conducted by this 
church, the receipts from these totaling $14,396. He is secretary of St. 
Mary's Hospital. For twenty-eight years he has been a member of St. 
Michael's Benevolent Society, serving as secretary for six years, and 
president since 1898. For seventeen years he was an executive officer of 
the German Catholic Benevolent Association of the State of Wisconsin, 
its president since 1908, and an executive officer of the national organiza- 
tion of the above association of the United States. He was treasurer for 
six or seven years and for four years served as president of the Catholic 
Knights of Wisconsin, Branch No. 88, and is a charter member of Mad- 
ison Council No. 531, Knights of Columbus. 

For fifty years he has been a member of the A^olunteer Fire Engine 
Company, No. 2, now knovvn as Relief Association Madison No. 2. and 
for forty years was its secretary. He was a fire fighter in the city dur- 
ing the years when protection depended entirely on the efforts of the 
volunteer company. After the city introduced steam fire-engines, with 



1048 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

a paid department, his company, No. 2, organized a sick-benefit society 
with a membership of seventy. The fire company organization dated 
from July 30, 1856, and when its service was no longer required for 
fighting fire and its organization continued as a benefit society, it was 
agreed, that no new members should be received. Thus death has been 
depleting its ranks, so that now only eight members are left, and one of 
them was among the original founders of the company. It was a notable 
company in its time, and won many trophies at the tournaments. These 
trophies and other paraphernalia are to be given to the State Historical 
Society when the last member has passed away. 

Mr. Heim has long been an authority on Water Works and general 
municipal engineering. He has membership in the Wisconsin State 
Engineering Society, and is a charter member of the Wisconsin Munici- 
pal League. Few men have had a longer and more practical experience 
in the fire-protection and water-works service. He has been a member 
of the American Water Works Association since 1893, and has served 
in the offices of first, 'second and third vice president, having refused 
the honor of president because of lack of time for its duties. He has 
attended the association meetings at Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Atlanta, 
Denver, Buffalo, Chicago, Columbus, Detroit, New York, Boston, Tor- 
onto, Canada, St. Louis and Richmond, Virginia, and has been on the 
programs for addresses on such subjects as water mains, artesian wells, 
water meters, meter rates, frozen mains, lowering of mains and general 
water-work management. His services have been called in as appraiser 
of water works at Sheboygan, Appleton, Waukesha, Monroe Portage and 
other places, and he has officially inspected the plants at Fond du Lac, 
Jefferson, Evansville, Watertown, Oconomowoc, Stoughton, Avoca, 
-etc. 

As a specialist in water works engineering, Mr. Heim has also con- 
tributed to the world of invention. He is the patentee of the Heim 
Street Sprinkling Valve. Three hundred and eighteen cities of the United 
States and Canada, including some of the largest cities are now using 
"this invention. It has a demonstrated value in eliminating repairs and 
in saving of water, and its use is being rapidly extended to all cities. 
Mr. Heim first applied his invention in Madison in 1903, and after its 
successful trial, secured a patent and placed the valve on the market. 
He also has patents on curb and valve boxes for water works service. 

Mr. Heim has been a promoter and factor for the general interest 
of the city of Madison. He has either served as a member or as chair- 
man of committees to work to a successful end, always a leader, in what- 
ever enterprises he undertook or was entrusted to his care for the benefit 
and pride of the city of Madison. 

Otto J. Schoenlebeb. It would be an inadequate estimate of the 
-qualities of enterprise, public spirit, literary discrimination and financial 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1049 

abilities which have made him something more than a business man. to 
name Otto J. Schoenleber only in connection with Ambrosia chocolates, 
which are used all over the country. A man of versatile talents, he 
has not been satisfied to alone build up a business which justifies the use 
of the firm's trade phrase, "We Help to Make Milwaukee Famous," but 
has entered public life as a supporter of those movements which have 
helped to advance and develop his native city, while business, financial 
and social circles have also attained distinction through his activities. 
Mr. Schoenleber is a native Milwaukeean, having been born at No. 291 
Third street, a section of the city which was then known as Kilbourn- 
town, now the Second Ward, October 16, 1858. His parents, Adoph and 
Margaretha (Kuhnmuench) Schoenleber were sturdy pioneers who 
helped to build up this beautiful city on the shores of Lake Michigan, 
and were natives of Baden, Germany, the former having been born 
at Tauberbischofheim, June 16, 1825, and the latter at Werbach, Jan- 
uary 18, 1826. 

Adolph Schoenleber was apprenticed to the trade of cabinet maker 
in his native city, and after completing his term of service, traveled 
as a journeyman all through the German states, Switzerland and France. 
in order to improve himself in his chosen vocation. The political revolu- 
tion of 1848, led by such patriots as Carl Schurz, Friederich Hecker, 
Gustav Struwe and Robert Blum, fighting to wrest Baden from the 
Prussian dominance, drew into its ranks thousands of young men 
inspired by these leaders, and when the revolution was finally subdued 
by the stronger Prussian military the patriots were forced to flee from 
their country. Many of these emigrated to the United States, and 
among these came Adolph Schoenleber, then twenty-three years of age. 
With the small capital which he had saved through thrift and industry 
in his younger days, he decided to establish a cabinet-maker's shop, and 
in partnership with one Melchior Deckert, leased a vacant lot from 
Byron Kilbourn, the founder of the West Side and at that time the 
largest holder of property in that part of the city. This place is now- 
known as 248 West Water street. On this lot Adolph Schoenleber and 
his partner erected a two-story building, which served as a store-room, 
manufactory and residence until 1854, when the partnership was dis- 
solved and Mr. Schoenleber purchased from the same Byron Kilbourn 
the lot which is now known as 293 Third street, and erected thereon a 
building in which he conducted a retail furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness for many years. This property is still in the hands of the Schoen- 
leber family, who possess also an interesting memento of early days. 
a lease written by Mr. Kilbourn to Mr. Schoenleber for the property 
on West Water street. Milwaukee at that time was a small and thriving 
city of about 10,000 inhabitants, without any railroad connections, and 
the elder Schoenleber 's trip from New York to Milwaukee was made 
entirely by water. It was in 1854 that the first railroad was built to 



1050 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Milwaukee, and the sturdy pioneers viewed the coming of the steel horse 
with a great deal of enthusiasm. With keen foresight, and a firm faith 
in the future of his adopted city, Adolph Schoenleber invested his earn- 
ings in real estate, and became one of the substantial business men of his 
city. 

Otto J. Schoenleber attended the public and parochial schools, and 
completed his education at St. Gall's Academy, located at that time on 
the present site of the Terminal building. Later, he laid a foundation 
for a business career by taking a course in Wulkow's Business College 
of Milwaukee, an institution which has since been discontinued. At the 
completion of his school years, however, Mr. Schoenleber did not give up 
his studies, for he was an ambitious and studious lad, and constant 
research and reading gave him a love of music and literature. His 
father was a firm believer in the old adage, that to learn a trade was to 
lay a golden foundation, and accordingly, under his tutorship, Otto J. 
gained a knowledge of the occupation of cabinet-maker. For four years 
he w r orked industriously as an apprentice and later as a fellowcraft cab- 
inet-maker, mastering all the fine details of this interesting work. In 
1886 his father retired from the retail furniture business, and for eight 
years after the elder man's death, his son was engaged in the same line 
at No. 291-293 Third street, and also conducted a wholesale desk manu- 
factory at 331-333 Fifth street. In 1894 he retired from both of these 
lines and organized and established the Ambrosia Chocolate Company, 
in the premises formerly occupied by the Otto Desk Company, and this 
being the present site of the large chocolate factory. 

It was in this venture that Mr. Schoenleber evidenced his business 
courage and implicit faith in his own ability, for it was a dangerous 
undertaking to attempt to establish a demand for an article the manu- 
facture of which had heretofore been confined to the East. This was the 
initial venture of its kind in the state, the product being the manufac- 
ture of chocolate and cocoa directly from the cocoa bean. It was a 
novelty that had not been known w r est of New York. The first years of 
this enterprise w r ere crowded with trials and tribulations in an effort to 
introduce this product in the face of competition from the older and 
wealthier firms which left no stone unturned in their hindrance of the 
newcomer's business. The perseverance, indomitable will and persis- 
tent industry of the founder and manager, however, were sufficient to 
overcome every obligation, and today the Ambrosia Chocolate Company 
holds a recognized place among concerns which take a pride in the high 
quality of their product and the trade of which extends all over the 
Union, to the Canadian provinces, and to foreign countries. A large 
force of skilled chocolate makers, both men and women, are employed in 
the factory. The growth of the business has been almost phenomenal 
in its rapidity, due to the high quality of its product, and its output has 
doubled each year since its inception. The business is now housed in a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1051 

large six-story building, with a combined floor space of 36,000 ft. All of 
its raw material is imported direct from the plantations in the West 
Indies, from South America, from some of the German possessions in 
Africa and from the islands of Ceylon and Java. The process of manu- 
facture, due to the improved machinery installed in this great plant, 
is unique and interesting, and annually attracts many students and vis- 
itors, especially young men and women from the various colleges and 
high schools, who recognize the health-giving qualities of chocolate and 
cocoa and are interested to know from what and how they are made. 
This company consumes on an average of two car-loads of cocoa beans 
per week and in addition thousands of barrels of sugar and many hun- 
dreds of pounds of vanilla beans. Mr. Schoenleber reviews with a great 
deal of pardonable pride the struggles and successes of the business 
from its earliest days, and is delighted to show visitors the workings of 
the enterprise which has been built up through his perseverance and 
well-directed effort. 

When a young man, Mr. Schoenleber was quite active in political 
matters, this having been one of his hobbies, especially during the tirst 
campaign in which the Hon. Grover Cleveland was a candidate for pres- 
ident. He was then secretary and treasurer of the Second Ward Demo- 
cratic Club, and represented his district on the city and county commit- 
tees. Of late years he has grown more independent of party affiliations, 
although he still sympathizes with the cause of Democracy, and classing 
himself as an independent progressive Democrat, loyal to his party in 
national affairs, but exercising his prerogative in local matters of sup- 
porting the candidate he deems best fitted for the office, regardless of 
party lines. He has steadfastly refused to become a candidate for pub- 
lic office, although often importuned to do so by his many friends. In 
1889 he accepted an appointment as school commissioner of the Second 
Ward, an office which he has held uninterruptedly for six years. During 
his term in that office he served as chairman of the executive and high 
school committees and also as chairman of the committee on supplies. 
He assisted in inaugurating many reforms in the method of conducting 
the public schools. The establishment of the West Division High school, 
the monster institution at Twenty-third and Prairie streets, was directly 
due to his efforts, it being necessary for him to carry it against many 
seemingly insurmountable obstacles. The custom of observing Arbor 
Day in the public schools, which tends to inculcate in the youthful mind 
a love of nature and a desire for the beautifying of school grounds and 
parks, was an idea fostered and brought into its present observance by 
the resolution of Mr. Schoenleber. The custom is still annually cele- 
brated by the planting of trees and shrubbery in the public school 
grounds and in the public parks of the city. 

Mr. Schoenleber is especially interested in vocal music and for many 
years as an active singer. In 1890 he served as president of the Mil- 



1052 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

waukee Liederkranz for one term, and is still a passive member of this 
organization, and of the Milwaukee Musical Society. He is identified 
with the Merchants and Manufacturers Association, the Old Settlers' 
Club, the Jefferson Club, a political organization, and the American 
Chocolate Manufacturers' Association, and usually represents his com- 
pany at their meetings, this, however, being merely a trade organiza- 
tion. As a member of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association 
of Milwaukee, he has served on many of its important committees dur- 
ing the past ten years. In 1909 this association chose Mr. Schoenleber 
as president of the Milwaukee Home Coming Committee, an organiza- 
tion composed of the heads of the prominent civic bodies as well as 
municipal organizations, and with the aid of this committee arranged 
the first Home Coming Festival held in the city of Milwaukee, August 
2nd to 7th of that year. This festival was pronounced by press and pub- 
lic as an unqualified success, but the work had been prodigious. For 
four months Mr. Schoenleber gave his undivided time and attention as 
loyal, public-spirited Milwaukeean, and donated largely of his means 
in order that this venture might prove a success. A fund of $26,000 
was collected from the citizens of Milwaukee, this being spent for dee- 
orations, for grand pageants showing the events in the city's history 
from Indian days to the year 1909. A grand naval battle was held on 
Lake Michigan, and great military displays, these being witnessed not 
alone by thousands of Milwaukeeans but by visitors from every state 
in the Union. The successful celebration brought many compliments 
to its manager, and when all festivities were over and the bills paid, one- 
fourth of the original subscriptions remained on hand and were returned 
to the original subscribers. This was a new and unexpected feature in 
connection with conducting affairs of a public nature, and one which 
had never been heard of before, and was so pleasing to the citizens that 
showers of compliments were bestowed upon the committee and espe- 
cially upon its president. 

During the same year (1909) occurred the opening of the new Audi- 
torium, it having been the original intention to have this opening dur- 
ing Home Coming Week. Unfortunately, however, the contractors were 
delayed and the opening did not take place until September. Mr. 
Schoenleber has always taken a very active interest in all measures per- 
taining to the welfare of the city and for the promotion of its business 
interests. In 1907 he served as a member of the Milwaukee Auditorium 
Board, the committee of enterprising citizens who succeeded in raising 
the necessary funds for Milwaukee's modern convention hall, which was' 
erected to take the place of the old Exposition Building, which had been 
destroyed by fire during the preceding spring. Mr. Schoenleber had 
also served on a similar committee a quarter of a century before for the 
erection of the old building. In November, 1912, he was elected a mem- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1053 

ber of the governing board of the Milwaukee Auditorium Association 
and has served in that capacity to the present time. 

Mr. Schoenleber 's particular hobby is the study of dialects, and, 
being of a literary turn of mind, has produced a number of humorous 
plays, poems, and letters, for the amusement of the public as well as of 
his many friends. During the years 1902 to 1907 he served as the Mil- 
waukee correspondent for the International Confectioner, of New York, 
the largest trade paper of its kind, and the letters and reports of the 
Cream City trade were always read with a great deal of interest. His 
literary work has been not only in the English language, but also in the 
German, of the latter of which he has always been an industrious stu- 
dent. Fraternally, Mr. Schoenleber is a member of Aurora Lodge, No. 
30, F. & A. M., with which he has been connected for many years, and 
is a regular attendant at its meetings. 

Mr. Schoenleber was one of the original organizers of the West Side 
Bank, located at Third and Chestnut streets, one of the sound financial 
institutions of the city, known for its conservatism and for its financial 
success and prosperity. This institution was organized in 1893 and Mr. 
Schoenleber has served on the directing board for the past fifteen years, 
acting as a member of the examining committee uninterruptedly. He is 
one of the directors and second vice-president of the Milwaukee Western 
Electric Railroad, a new interurban line about to be built from Milwau- 
kee to Beaver Dam, Wisconsin. 

On July 12, 1887, Mr. Schoenleber was united in marriage with Miss 
Emma Theede,.a native of Milwaukee. This union has been blessed 
by the birth of three daughters: Marie, a graduate of the Milwaukee 
Normal school, and at present a teacher in the Twentieth District school ; 
Gretchen, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, and at present 
teacher of history at the Wauwatosa High school; and Louise, a junior 
at the University of Wisconsin, in the general science course. Mr. 
Schoenleber plans to continue his residence here and to prosecute his 
activities as owner and manager of the Ambrosia Chocolate Company 
for another five years, and then devote his time to travel and study and 
to assist in such public and civic duties as his time will permit. He is a 
loyal ''booster" of his native city, and, while admitting the beauties 
And claims of other cities, he believes that there is no city to compare 
with the city of his birth, and of which the poet says : 

"I came from fair Milwaukee, 
Milwaukee on the Lake." 

Milo C. Jones. The designated province of this publication is such 
that its principle in the treatment of its biographical department must 
needs be exclusive rather than inclusive. In the presentation of the 
brief reviews of the careers of the various representative citizens there 



1054 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

is employed no critical analysis, nor is such demanded, but a resume of 
genealogy and personal achievement is given in such manner as to 
indicate all that is necessary for the purposes of such history. In thus 
according consideration to Mr. Jones there are found many elements 
which make the review specially interesting. He is a man who "has 
done things," and he is to-day one of the substantial and progressive 
business men of Jefferson county, even as he is a progressive and highly 
esteemed citizen. He has had the initiative power to develop a unique 
and wonderfully successful industrial enterprise and in connection with 
the same to gain a reputation that far transcends the boundaries of his 
home state. He is a native of Jefferson county and has ever maintained 
his home within its borders. He is a scion of a family that was founded 
in Wisconsin in the territorial epoch of its history and one whose name 
has been prominently and Avorthily linked with the annals of develop- 
ment and progress in this favored commonwealth. He is a man of fine 
intellectuality and broad and w r ell fortified views, and his ability along 
practical lines needs no further voucher than that afforded in the suc- 
cess which he has achieved. Mr. Jones is a native of Fort Atkinson, 
a large part of which thriving little city is situated on land that was 
originally a part of the farm obtained by his father from the govern- 
ment in the early pioneer days, and the family name has represented 
potent influence in connection with the upbuilding of the city and the 
civic and industrial development of this section of the state. Under 
such conditions it may readily be understood that Mr. Jones is emi- 
nently entitled to specific recognition in this publication. 

Milo C. Jones was born in the village of Fort Atkinson, Jefferson 
county, Wisconsin, on the 14th of February, 1849, and, as previously 
stated, this village was on a portion of the extensive landed estate which 
his father had here acquired. He is a son of Milo and Sallie (Crane) 
Jones, both of whom were born and reared at Richmond, Chittenden 
county, Vermont, the respective families having been founded in New 
England in the colonial era of our national history. Milo Jones was a 
pioneer of pioneers in the section now known as the middle west, as he 
came to this section of our great national domain at a time when it was 
considered to be on the very frontier of civilization. In 1832, in the 
capacity of surveyor in the employ of the United States government, he 
came to the territory of Michigan and established his headquarters in 
Detroit. He did a large amount of important civil engineering work 
for the government and remained at Detroit until 1838, the year suc- 
ceeding the admission of Michigan to the Union. He then came to Wis- 
consin, within whose borders he had worked as a government surveyor, 
and in Jefferson county he entered claim to government land. He 
acquired about seven hundred acres, and within this tract a portion of 
the city of Fort Atkinson is now included. . 

Milo Jones was a man of distinctive energy, circumspection and 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1055 

ability, and he played a prominent part in connection with the devel- 
opment and upbuilding of the county in which he thus established his 
home fully a decade before Wisconsin gained place as one of the sover- 
eign states of the Union. He reclaimed much of his land to cultivation 
and became one of the most progressive agriculturists, stock-growers and 
dairymen of this section of the state, where he continued to reside until 
his death, in 1893, at the venerable age of eighty-four years, his loved 
and devoted wife, who had shared with him in the trials and vicissitudes 
of pioneer life, having been summoned to eternal rest in 1871, she hav- 
ing been a consistent member of the Congregational church. Of their 
eight children only four are now living, and one of the youngest, who 
were twins, is he to whom this sketch is dedicated. Milo Jones was one 
of those who took advanced ground in the developing of the dairy indus- 
try in Wisconsin, a line of enterprise which has given the state national 
prestige. He carried on in the later years of his life an extensive dairy 
business, with an average herd of about sixty high-grade eows, and the 
cheese and butter manufactured on his farm found ready demand at 
the highest market prices, his annual shipments having reached large 
volume. He also gave attention to the general raising of live stock, 
and he was an extensive dealer in mixed stock. Through early advan- 
tages and effective self-discipline he gained a liberal education, his 
character Avas the positive expression of a strong and loyal nature, and 
thus he was well equipped for leadership in thought and action. He 
took a lively interest in public affairs and, with naught of solicitation 
on his part, he was called upon to serve in various important public 
offices. He was a member of the second constitutional convention of 
Wisconsin and wielded much inflm-nce in the formulating of the con- 
stitution adopted at that time. He was the first mayor of Fort Atkin- 
son and the growth and upbuilding of the city was a matter of great 
interest and pride to him. The names of both himself and his noble 
wife merit enduring place on the roster of the honored pioneers of 
Wisconsin. 

Milo C. Jones was reared to the sturdy discipline of the home farm 
and was favored in having the influences and associations of a home of 
distinctive culture and refinement. He gained his early education in the 
public schools of Fort Atkinson and- at the age of seventeen years he 
entered Beloit Academy, where lie continued his studies two years. Be 
then entered the celebrated University of Michigan, where he was a 
student a short time, and prior to this he had gained excellent knowl- 
edge, both technical and practical, of civil engineering work, under the 
able direction of his honored father. For a number of years he found 
much requisition for his services in connection with surveying work. 
He has continuously been identified with agricultural pursuits from the 
days of his youth and of the original homestead farm he now owns a 
tract of 220 acres, constituting one of the best improved and most val- 



1056 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

uable farmsteads in this section of the state. He has maintained his 
residence in Fort Atkinson since built. In connection with the widely 
extended enterprise built up by Mr. Jones in the manufacturing of fine 
old-time country sausage, his sales of which now extend to the most 
diverse sections of the Union, no better description can, perhaps, be 
given than through the reproduction of a most genial and pertinent 
article that recently appeared in the little periodical known as Readable 
Write-ups, under the title of ' : Do it Right : ' ' 

' ' Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, is a pleasant place where there is neither 
poverty nor riches. The town is tidy, homelike, and its population 
seems made up of people who appreciate the fact that there are a few 
simple virtues that can not safely be shelved, pigeonholed or waived. 
In short, it is just like hundreds of other busy little centers of industry 
and light, all through the middle west,— centers that every now and 
then supply Chicago, Boston and New York with the Big Boys who do 
things. 

"But when I think of Fort Atkinson I think of just one man, and 
that man is Milo C. Jones, Jones is a farmer, plain, simple, unpreten- 
tious, healthy. Just why the strongest people get sick first I might here 
explain if I had the time, but let it go at this, — rheumatism laid Jones 
by the heels and suddenly. He was tied up in knots, and the pain- 
devils in relays siezed him and danced at his bedside night and day. 
Doctors were vain ; baths were naught ; specialists gave it up. Jones was 
flat on his back, praying for death. So he lay for a year, — two years; 
five; seven. Dragging, dull, dead years when only pain was supreme. 
Jones saw his surplus money go — his farm was mortgaged. Jones 
prayed for death, but as his prayers were not answered he tried another 
tack. It was fall. The frost was on the pumpkin, the fodder in the 
shock. The boys were butchering hogs. He thought that if he could 
only taste sausage like that his mother made he would get well! He 
would make sausage for his neighbors ! He could not walk ; he could 
not use his hands, but he could think and he could show others how. 
And so, on that bright October morning, just to humor him, the farm- 
hands carried him down to the kitchen. You know the rest. The man 
got well! It wasn't exactly the sausage that cured him, — it was work, 
ideas, an animating purpose. Jones does not run foot races nor chase 
the pleasures of past years, for the moving finger writes and, having 
writ, moves on, nor all your tears shall blot a line of it. But every day 
for ten years Jones has been at work, and from supplying his neighbors 
with dainty eatables, he has built up a family trade that covers the 
entire United States. 

"Jones is not rich, — not absurdly rich, but he has all the money he 
needs. His little plant is a very model of sanitary and convenient per- 
fection. He raises his own pigs, or depends upon his neighbors for 
supply. Every animal he himself inspects. Even our Semitic friends 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN lor, 7 

do not draw the line at Jones' little-pig sausages. Jones makes me think 
of Dr. Maurice Burke, who was bowled over by fate and lost his feet, 
and who then set to work cultivating his sky-piece. Jones achieved an 
education in bed. Calamity gives heroism opportunity. Jones got on 
good terms with Herbert Spencer, Balzac, Emerson, Thoreau, Tenny- 
son and the great men in art and literature. They came and ministered 
to him. In any company Milo C. Jones would be a distinguished man. 
His reserve, his kindliness, his appreciation, his honesty, his poise, his 
sympathy, his knowledge, are unique. So, see what pain does for a man. 
It gave Milo C. Jones an understanding mind and a receptive heart. It 
also gave him business success. Great is the man who can cash in his 
disabilities. Life supplies the lemons, — all we have to do is to furnish 
the sugar." 

In 1889-90 Mr. Jones manufactured his fine sausage in only sufficient 
amount to supply a practically local demand. The fame of the product 
grew apace, and from a modest inception, in the kitchen of the home, 
there has been built up a business of great volume, the same extending 
not only into the various states of the Union, but also into the Canadian 
provinces. All sales and shipments are made direct to the consumer, 
and who has once tasted the Jones farm sausage, toothsome, clean and 
unrivaled, can not be satisfied with inferior products. Mr. Jones has 
carried on judicious advertising through leading periodicals and through 
other approved mediums, and it can not be doubted that his business 
enterprise has done more to make Fort Atkinson known in the homes 
throughout the land than has any other one industry here centered. 

A man of well fortified opinions and broad views, Mr. Jones is essen- 
tially and emphatically loyal and progressive as a citizen, and he takes 
specially deep interest in all that touches the welfare and advancement 
of his native city and county, which are endeared to him by many hal- 
lowed memories and associations. He served two terms as city super- 
visor and as city treasurer for one year. His business is conducted 
under the title of the Jones Dairy Farm, and is incorporated under the 
laws of the state. He is president of the company ; his son Philip W. is 
secretary, and his daughter Mary P. is vice-president. The manufactur- 
ing plant is a large building of three stories, with every facility and the 
most perfect sanitary provisions. The business now requires the reten- 
tion of a large force of employes and is one of the important industrial 
enterprises of Jefferson county. 

Mr. Jones has for many years been aligned as a stalwart supporter 
of the cause of the Republican party, but, with characteristic indepen- 
dence and firmness of conviction as to economic measures, he did not 
approve the attitude of either the Republican or the Progressive party 
in the national election of 1912, wiili the result that he cast his ballot 
in support of the Democratic presidential candidate. Woodrow AVilson. 
in whose ability and integrity of purpose he lias the fullest confidence. 



1058 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

He is affiliated with the Fort Atkinson Lodge of Knights of Pythias and 
in his native county his circle of friends is limited only by that of his 
acquaintances. 

On the 26th of October, 1870, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Jones to Miss Mary F. Cole, daughter of Ichabod and Sarah Cole, who 
were at that time residents of the city of Jackson, Michigan, and in 
whose home the marriage ceremony was performed. Mr. and Mrs. Jones 
became the parents of three children, of whom two are living, — Philip 
W., and Mary P.. both of whom are associated with their father in busi- 
ness, as previously noted in this context. 

John O'Donnell. For many years a Kenosha citizen and business 
man, representing one of the pioneer families of that city, the late 
John O'Donnell spent the greater part of his life in Kenosha, and was 
actively identified w T ith the retail coal trade. In fact, his last mortal 
concern was some details of his business. His death occurred on Octo- 
ber 8, 1913, as a result of an accident, when he fell into the hold of a 
coal barge at the O'Donnell docks. He was w T alking along one of the 
beams of the boat, and losing his balance fell fifteen feet to the bottom, 
his head striking on a heavy , timber, and he never regained conscious- 
ness. In Kenosha Mr. O'Donnell secured a firm status as a successful 
business man and loyal and progressive citizen. He passed a number of 
years in the west in the pioneer times, and upon his return to Kenosha 
took up retail coal dealing. 

John O'Donnell w r as born in County Tipperary, Ireland, June 27, 
1847, a son of Patrick and Deborah (Collins) O'Donnell. The O'Don- 
nells came to America in 1849, and lived in Kenosha, where they were 
among the early settlers. Patrick 'Donnell was for a number of years 
connected w r ith the flour and feed business in Kenosha, where he died 
in 1894. John O'Donnell, the youngest of four children, had limited 
educational opportunities in Kenosha, became a hard worker in boy- 
hood, and during his early career went west, following telegraphing, and 
for several years was agent for the Overland Express, and was at one 
time county clerk in Nevada. He also followed mining and prospect- 
ing in Nevada, and other western and northwestern states. In 1881, Mr. 
O'Donnell, after all his young manhood spent in the west, returned to 
Kenosha, and was thereafter identified with both business and civic 
affairs. From 1884 to 1886 he held the office of city treasurer, and on 
leaving that office started on a modest scale as a retail coal merchant. 
For the first year or so he distributed only about five thousand tons of 
coal a year among his customers, but the trade was developed until its 
annual volume reached about twenty -five thousand, tons. And in con- 
nection with his coal trade he also for the past two years handled lime, 
cement, brick and building material, with his sons. In politics Mr. 



^50^ QOfO 




l^Z&yybi^/ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1059 

O'Domiell was a Republican, and he and his family were communicants 
of the Catholic church. 

In 1879 he married Miss Mary 'Brien. They became the parents of 
four sons and two daughters, and four of the children are still living. 

Ray Palmer. Wisconsin men are now conspicuous in every large cen- 
ter of human affairs and in every field of enterprise. A native son from 
an old family, a graduate of Wisconsin University with the class of 
'01, and still loyal to his home state, Ray Palmer has already conferred 
distinction on his commonwealth and alma mater by distinguished and 
expert service in electrical engineering. His recent appointment as city 
electrician and recently changed to Commissioner of Gas and Elec- 
tricity of Chicago was the more notable since it was a selection based 
not on political expediency, but on capability and fitness. As was stated 
in a recent issue of the "Electrical Review and Western Electrician," 
— "the office of city electrician places its incumbents at the head of the 
municipal department of electricity, which has charge of the inspection 
of all electrical wiring, takes care of the fire alarm and police telegraph 
and of all public lighting, and looks after any other matters of an elec- 
trical nature, with which the city is concerned. The department now 
includes some four hundred offices and employes." The salary of the 
present position is $8,000. 

Ray Palmer was born in Sparta, Wisconsin, March 29, 1878, a son 
of George Hageman and Mary Delemar (Canfield) Palmer. The family 
was established in Wisconsin by the grandparents, Hageman and Mary 
(Potter) Palmer, the former born in Johnstown, N. Y., in 1815, and 
the latter in Yorkshire, England, in 1821. They located at Sparta among 
the pioneers of 1856 and during the early days Hageman Palmer was 
an extensive operator in timber lands and lumbering. His death oc- 
curred September 12, 1905, and his wife died August 23, 1894. The 
paternal great-grandparents of Ray Palmer were David and Catherine 
Palmer, the former was born in 1773 and died in 1848, and the latter. 
born in 1776, died in 1856. 

Hageman Palmer was the father of twelve children, the fourth of 
whom was George Hageman Palmer, who was born in New York State 
June 11, 1850. On June 17, 1876, he married Mary Delemar Canfield, 
who was born in Palls Village, Conn., November 11, 1850, ami died 
September 3, 1901. Her father Edward Canfield. born in Salisbury. 
Conn., in 1822, moved from Falls Village, Connecticut, to Sparta. Wis- 
consin, in 1855, making the journey before the construction of the rail- 
roads to Wisconsin, and traveling from Chicago by ox-team to Sparta. 
Edward Canfield built one of the first flour mills in Wisconsin, and be- 
came a prominent business man and citizen in that locality, among other 
interests having been closely identified with banking affairs there. He 
married Abigail Goodwin, born in 1830, and both died in Sparta, Wis.. 

Vol. V— 3 



1060 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the former on October 12, 1889, and the latter April 27, 1907. They had 
a family of ten children, among whom Mary Delemar Canfield was the 
third. She was a cultured and educated woman, a graduate of Ripon 
College. George Hageman Palmer was educated in the public schools 
at Sparta, and his first occupation was farming and stock raising. Later 
the range of his operations extended to the breeding, buying and selling 
of live stock and he became well known in this business. Since 1895 he 
has lived retired in Sparta. The senior Palmer is affiliated with the Odd 
Fellows, and in politics is a Democrat. Three children were born to 
George Hageman and Mary Delemar Palmer, namely: Edward H., Ray, 
and Bessie A. 

Mr. Ray Palmer has had an active and varied career, with much 
practical accomplishment to his credit, as a young man of thirty-five. 
His studies in the public schools of Sparta were completed, with gradu- 
ation from the high school in 1897. In the following fall he entered the 
University of Wisconsin, where his studies were early directed along 
scientific and technical lines. In May, 1898, he was one of the University 
men to enlist for service in the Spanish American war, joining Company 
L of the Third Wisconsin Volunteers. He was corporal in his company 
and received his honorable discharge in September, 1898, by cablegram 
from the Secretary of War, Mr. Alger, while at Coamo in Porto Rico. 
This discharge was in the nature of a special permission granted in order 
that the young soldier might return to the University and not lose a 
year's time from his studies. At that time, as will be remembered, hos- 
tilities were ended in Cuba and Porto Rico. Mr. Palmer was graduated 
from the University of Wisconsin, with the class of 1901. On the eleventh 
of December in the same year he was united in marriage with Miss 
Daisy Wentworth, who was born in Milwaukee, a daughter of Dr. Charles 
Chester and Annie (Llewellyn) Wentworth. The father, a native of 
Milwaukee, was one of the old settlers and a prominent man in his 
profession of dentistry in the state of Wisconsin, having served as a 
member of the State Board of Dental Examiners for several years. To 
their marriage three children have been born : Chester W., Delemar, and 
Ray Jr. Mr. Palmer is a member of the Wisconsin Society of Chicago, 
of the Kappa Sigma college fraternity, and the City Club. 

As an electrical engineer, Ray Palmer began his career with the 
well known engineering and contracting firm of J. G. White & Com- 
pany, in whose services he was assistant superintendent in the in- 
stallation of street lighting in New York City. One year was spent 
in that work, after which the company sent him to London as one 
of its engineers in that city. With three years' experience in Eng- 
land he returned home and took a place as electrical engineer for 
the Union Traction Company in Chicago, a company that controlled 
the bulk of the traction lines on the north side of the city, property which 
has since been incorporated in the ownership of the Chicago Railways 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1061 

Company. In 1906 Mr. Palmer resigned from the Union Traction Com- 
pany, and opened offices as a consulting electrical engineer in both Chi- 
cago and Milwaukee. His active practice continued until his appoint- 
ment as city electrician of Chicago. This appointment was made by 
Mayor Harrison in the spring of 1912, and was based neither on per- 
sonal favoritism nor on politics, but on the thorough qualifications of 
Mr. Palmer for the post. Besides his work as consulting engineer in 
connection with the traction companies, Mr. Palmer had added to his 
reputation through his services as an electrolysis expert in the employ 
of the city. Quoting again from the "Electrical Review and Western 
Electrician," with reference to his special experience and qualification, 
before he became head of the department of electricity, "Mr. Palmer 
had already gained recognition as a specialist in problems concerning 
electrolysis, and perhaps his most notable work for the city up to the 
present time has been in connection with securing adequate protection 
of water pipes and the like from the destructive effects of stray electric 
currents. His activity in this direction caused him to meet arguments 
of some of the best engineering ability to be obtained and his method of 
handling the matter showed him to be master of the subject in hand. 
This was a piece of work which was given considerable prominence in the 
Technical Press at the time the electrolysis ordinance framed by him 
was pending before the city council last summer (1912). He has also 
been very active in carrying out improvements in the lighting of the 
streets of Chicago, and in efforts to secure changes in and additions to 
the city fire alarm system." Mr. Palmer had been in office only a few 
weeks when the new ordinance came before the city council requiring 
the traction companies to install a system, which had been in practical 
use by foreign cities, and which would materially reduce the damage 
done by electrolysis. The ordinance was adopted by the Chicago council 
in July, 1912, after a contest Which had been going on for months, and 
which, in the words of the local press at the time was "Regarded as a 
sweeping victory for Ray Palmer, who has been city electrician less than 
six months, and who made the fight for the ordinance practically single- 
handed." 

Mr. Palmer's services to the city of Chicago have been important in 
many other ways; largely under his supervision was conducted an in- 
vestigation of the business records of the Commonwealth Edison Com- 
pany for the purpose of obtaining information by which the city might 
fix fair and reasonable maximum electric rates to the private consumers 
of electricity in the city. His report, made in May, 1913, recommended 
the reduction of electric lighting rates to the extent of over six hundred 
thousand dollars a year. Mr. Palmer has also been vigilant in lookine 
after violations of the electrolysis ordinance, has vigorously pushed the 
extension of the city's public lighting system from power derived from 
the sanitary canal, as a result of which thousands of high-power electric 



1062 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

lights are being installed in various parts of the city to replace the old 
and flickering gas lamps, and many improvements are being made in 
the electric fire alarm system. Lately he has been called into consulta- 
tion by the municipal authorities of Philadelphia to help solve their 
lighting problem. 

Mr. Palmer has membership in various engineering societies, includ- 
ing the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the Electric 
Club, and the Western Society of Engineers. As to some of his per- 
sonal characteristics, this brief article concerning one of Wisconsin's 
able young men will be concluded with the following estimate taken 
from the journal already twice quoted: — "It may be well said of 
him further that he is a public official who does not allow any exag- 
gerated notions of the dignity of his position to interfere with his 
helping any person whom it is his place and opportunity to assist. 
It is an asset of no mean value to the public. He impresses one 
as being peculiarly fitted by temperament, as well as by professional 
training for the duties of the responsible office which he holds." 

The Milwaukee Auditorium. One of the finest commercial and 
civic assets of the city of Milwaukee is the auditorium. No one institu- 
tion or establishment has done more in recent years to concentrate and 
maintain the reputation of Milwaukee as a commercial center than this 
splendid building. The large commercial organizations of every prom- 
inent American city have recognized the imperative necessity of provid- 
ing such a meeting place and building which would serve not only for 
the entertainment of all local organizations, but also of the many visit- 
ing conventions which every progressive city must invite and provide 
for in the course of a year. Aside from its practical utility as a great 
commercial and civic center, the Auditorium also represents a monu- 
ment to the liberality and the co-operation of Milwaukeeans, and in its 
construction the real quality of local public spirit was best tested. A 
descriptive account of the Auditorium in its inception and construc- 
tion has already been deemed necessary by the governing board of the 
Auditorium, and from the handsome publication issued under the aus- 
pices of the governing board, the following paragraphs of description 
are adapted in order to afford a reliable history of the institution for 
this permanent history of the state. 

The beginning of the enterprise came on July 28, 1903, when a com- 
mittee of business men was appointed by the Merchants & Manufactur- 
ers Association to consider the general subject. Up to that time the old 
Exposition Building had served in a more or less inadequate way the 
general purpose of a convention and assembly hall. This Exposition 
huilding was destroyed by fire on June 4, 1905. Thus there was thrust 
upon the business and civic community the absolute necessity of a new 
structure. The conditions which confronted the so-called committee on 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1063 

convention hall were somewhat complicated. A portion of the site 
occupied by the old Exposition Building had originally been deeded 
to the city by Byron Kilbourn, an early pioneer, upon the condition 
that the same be used for market purposes. The balance of the site 
belonged to the city. The Exposition Building had been erected by 
private subscription, and had been conducted without profit, and in the 
interest of the community as a whole. The first step was to establish 
the legal status of the site question, and it was found that the city could 
not be dispossessed of the site provided it was used for public purposes. 
It was also a difficult proposition to erect a convention hall such as was 
needed involving an expense upwards of half a million dollars. The 
solution of the difficulty, it was believed, could be found in some 
arrangement by which the municipality and the public could join hands 
in providing the necessary means. A measure was framed under the 
direction of the committee, and enacted into law by the legislature in 
June, 1905, authorizing "cities of the first class to provide for the 
erection and maintenance of auditorium and music halls by co-operat- 
ing with private associations or corporations." It was resolved to raise 
the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars by private subscrip- 
tion and ask the municipality to vote an equal sum, thus providing a 
total building fund of five hundred thousand dollars. A campaign 
committee consisting of twenty active citizens was chosen to secure the 
subscription fund, w T hich was completed by the fall of 1906. The bond 
issue, providing for the city's portion of the fund was voted, and the 
common council perfected the jointure with the so-called Auditorium 
Company, which had been organized in the meantime, and which rep- 
resented the citizens who had subscribed to the private fund. The law 
under which the jointure Avas made provided that the construction, 
maintenance, and management of the auditorium should be entrusted 
to five directors representing the private corporation, and six city 
officials, representing the municipality, constituting a governing board 
of eleven members. 

The campaign for subscriptions to the Auditorium Fund was under- 
taken by the first Auditorium Committee, the members of which had 
been appointed in July, 1905. Those first called upon were the leading 
merchants and manufacturers, and those generally known as public 
spirited citizens. Their responses were as generous as could have been 
expected, but it soon was proved that the scope of operations must be 
enlarged. After something more than seventy thousand dollars had 
been obtained, it proved more difficult every day to secure further funds. 
A cessation of labors then ensued, and active work was not resumed 
until the reorganization of the Auditorium Committee early in 1906. 
This new committee represented as far as possible the several commer- 
cial, industrial and civic bodies of the city. The plan as taken up by the 
new committee was to widen the scope of the subscription effort and 



1064 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

invade practically every section of the city. Squads of solicitors thus 
invaded the residence district as well as the commercial and industrial 
centers, meetings were held in the different wards, and every legitimate 
method was followed to stimulate and arouse enthusiasm for the cam- 
paign. The formal opening of the new campaign began on June 28, 
and from that day forward the history of the daily efforts and successes 
was made matter of public announcement through the press and other- 
wise until the subscription fund had grown from the first stated amount 
to the coveted sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 

After much discussion the site of the old Exposition Building was 
adopted as the most available one, and prizes were then offered in order 
to secure the competition of leading architects all over the country, four 
prizes, ranging from one thousand dollars to two hundred and fifty 
dollars being offered for the architect plan in order of merit. After 
these matters had been settled there ensued a series of legal complica- 
tions involving the title to the site. As already mentioned, the original 
site had been deeded by a pioneer on the condition that the same should 
be used for market purposes. 

When the old Exposition Building had been erected, the heirs to the 
pioneer donor had brought suit for ejectment, but the Supreme Court 
ruled in favor of the city on the ground that the Exposition Building 
was already constructed and that it served partially at least for market 
purposes. The course of the litigation through the different years can- 
not be discussed here, but it is of interest to know that the committee 
for the building of the auditorium exercised every precaution and safe 
guard possible before entering upon the work of construction. A bill 
was introduced and passed in the state legislature clearing away most 
of the difficulties, but in August, 1908, after construction had been 
undertaken the heirs of the donor of the tract brought suit for the pos- 
session of the premises. Judge W. J. Turner in November, 1908, 
decided that the Auditorium Board and the city were in lawful posses- 
sion, and from that decision an appeal was made to the Supreme Court. 
In spite of these various legal and financial complications, the work of 
construction went forward steadily, and the original plans have long 
since been carried out, resulting in the magnificent building which now 
constitutes so important a factor in Milwaukee's greatness as a city. 

On August 1, 1908, the corner-stone of the Auditorium building was 
laid, and about one year later, in the closing days of September, 1909, 
extended dedication ceremonies marked the completion and opening of 
the great building. The cost of the building itself was $513,944.55, while 
the furnishings cost $38,031.58, making a total of $551,976.13. The 
location of the Auditorium is an entire square between Fifth and Sixth, 
Cedar and State streets. It is readily accessible from all railway sta- 
tions, and street car lines pass its main entrance. The Auditorium is 
the nucleus for the projected civic center of the city of Milwaukee. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1065 

The possibilities of the Auditorium may be better understood when it 
is stated that the seating capacity of the Auditorium proper is ten 
thousand people, with an arena, providing for exhibition space and 
other purposes, two hundred and twenty-five feet long and one hundred 
feet wide. The building comprises two wings, the west wing containing 
the main auditorium, while the annex or east wing contains smaller halls 
named after Milwaukee's most prominent pioneer and generous citizens, 
as follows : Juneau, Walker, Kilbourn, Engelmann, and Plankinton 
Halls. In planning the Auditorium it was designed to provide a build- 
ing which would serve satisfactorily for the most diversified uses; one 
that would readily adapt itself to meet all the possible requirements for 
large and small conventions, industrial exhibitions, mass concerts, pub- 
lic meetings, religious service, grand balls, horse shows, etc. Accord- 
ingly it may be used either as one monster hall, furnishing all accom- 
modations that may be required for any purpose, or of being divided 
into smaller halls, each one of which is complete in itself and has all 
desirable conveniences. It i& so arranged that as many as seven distinct 
and separate meetings may be held at one and the same time without any 
inconvenience or interference. The six smaller halls in the annex each 
have a seating capacity of from three hundred to twelve hundred. 

Since the opening of the Auditorium, it has been used for the follow- 
ing purposes: 

1912 1911 1910 

Industrial Exhibits 180 193 57 

Conventions 78 87 35 

Meetings 152 134 188 

Lectures 12 23 13 

Concerts and Dances 139 99 44 

Circus 1 12 8 

Miscellaneous 50 46 13 



612 594 358 

Such were the facilities and services afforded that they called forth 
enthusiastic appreciation from the officials of the different affairs con- 
cerned, and there is no doubt that the Milwaukee Auditorium affords 
superior facilities for conventions to those of any other city in America. 
Something has been said concerning the composite nature of the gov- 
erning board, made up partly of city officials and partly from the private 
auditorium corporation. At the present writing, the members of this 
governing board are as follows : William George Bruce, president ; 
Charles E. Sammond, vice president; Louis M. Kotecki, secretary; 
Joseph P. Carney, treasurer; Gerhard A. Bading. mayor; Daniel W. 
Hoan, city attorney ; Oliver C. Fuller ; Alvin P. Kletzsch ; Otto J. 
Schoenleber; E. W. Windfelder, president of the museum; and J. G. 



1066 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Flanders, president of the library. The executive committee is com- 
posed of William George Bruce, chairman, Gerhard A. Bading, Joseph 
P. Carney, Alvin P. Kletzsch, E. W. Windfelder. Joseph C. Grieb is 
manager. 

Joseph Charles Grieb. Manager of the Milwaukee Auditorium 
since its opening, Joseph Charles Grieb, through his enterprise and 
energy, has had much to do with the remarkable place which the 
structure fills in the commercial and civic activities of the city. 

Mr. Grieb was born in Milwaukee, January 30, 1869, a son of the 
late George H. Grieb, and Elizabeth (Habes) Grieb. Both parents are 
now deceased and are buried in the Trinity cemetery in Milwaukee. His 
father was a pioneer grocer, one of the early settlers of the south side 
of Milwaukee, where for many years he condueted a grocery at Park and 
Grove streets. The senior Grieb was born at Meppen, Hanover, Ger- 
many, December 10, 1819, and in his native land worked as a postal 
messenger, driving a mail coach there. In 1836, coming to America, 
at the age of seventeen, he located in Milwaukee, where he was employed 
by a wholesale grocery house, driving a team, until he was later able 
to buy a team of his own, and then started in business for himself on 
the south side, opening a small stock of groceries. He established this 
business in 1859, and conducted it until his death, which occurred 
December 19, 1896. In Milwaukee, on November 28, 1849, George H. 
Grieb was married to Miss Elizabeth Habes. She was born in the King- 
dom of Luxemburg, on December 19, 1828. When she was about thir- 
teen years old she came to America with her mother, and during their 
first year in America the mother died and left three daughters, Mrs. 
Grieb being the oldest had a hard struggle during her girlhood and 
bravely bore her responsibilities as head of the little family, not only 
providing for herself, but also for her younger sisters. Mrs. Grieb died 
at Milwaukee, August 29, 1904. Both parents were strict members of 
the Holy Trinity church, the church being within a block of their old 
home. There were six boys and three girls in the family, of whom two 
girls and five boys are still living, all of them in Milwaukee : Henry L. ; 
Mary, deceased; George, deceased; Katheryn; Frank X.; Anna; Edward 
F., a real estate man; Joseph C. ; and William A., a stock broker. All 
the children were born in Milwaukee and received their education chiefly 
in this city. The older sons were educated in a monastery at Fond 
du Lac. 

Mr. Joseph C. Grieb attended the Holy Trinity parochial school and 
Marquette College of Milwaukee, now the Marquette University. He 
prepared for business life further by attendance at the Spencerian 
Business College of Milwaukee, also taking a special course in McDon- 
ald's Business College. His first regular employment was as a sten- 
ographer in the West Milwaukee shops of the Chicago, Milwaukee & 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1067 

St. Paul Railroad. He remained there fourteen years, and rose to the 
position of chief clerk. From there he branched out independently, 
buying an interest in the C. W. Fischer Furniture Company at 219-223 
Second street. He was in that business two years, retaining the old 
firm name, after which he sold out, and the firm is still in existence, 
doing business at the same number under the same firm name. From the 
furniture trade Mr. Grieb turned to the real estate and manufacturing 
business. He manufactured picture frames and mirrors, and his enter- 
prise was carried on under the name of the Milwaukee Art Specialty 
Company, with a shop on the south side on Reed street. After a year 
and a half he made up his mind that he did not know much about the 
manufacturing business, and permanently retired from that line. 

Having throughout this period actively identified himself with local 
business organizations and interests, he was regarded as a most happy 
choice for the office of assistant secretary of the Milwaukee Auditorium 
Company, to which place he was elected November 19, 1906. On Feb- 
ruary 13, 1908, he was elected manager of the Auditorium, and more 
than anyone else has had the executive direction of this great civic insti- 
tution. 

Mr. Grieb is a member of the Merchants & Manufacturers Associa- 
tion, the Milwaukee Athletic Club, the Milwaukee Automobile Club, The 
Arion Musical Club, Press Club, has membership in the St. Rose Cath- 
olic church, and is in close and enthusiastic touch with all local activities. 

On September 12, 1895, in St. Joseph's church of Milwaukee was 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. Grieb with Miss Margaret Forster, 
daughter of the late George Forster, a prominent lumberman of Mil- 
waukee during his day. Mr. Forster died on October 11, 1891, while 
Mrs. Grieb 's mother is living at the age of eighty -five. Mrs. Grieb was 
born in Milwaukee, was educated in St. Joseph's parochial school, and 
the Notre Dame Convent at South Bend, Indiana, where the sisters of 
Mr. Grieb were also partly educated. The three children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Grieb are : Marion Isabella, George Forster and Margaret Forster, 
all of w r hom were bom in Milwaukee. The family residence is at MOi 
Cedar street. 

Hon. Clark L. Hood, member of the Wisconsin State Legislature, 
has gained distinction in a profession where advancement depends en- 
tirely upon individual merit. Well versed in the learning of his profession 
and with a deep knowledge of nature and the springs of human conduct, 
with great shrewdness, sagacity and tact, he was in the courts of La 
Crosse a power and influence as a criminal lawyer, and in his legis- 
lative office his duties have been discharged with a deep sense of high 
ideals and a conscientious regard for the interests of his constituents. 
Mr. Hood was born June 23, 1847. at Hancock, Delaware county. New 
York, and is a son of William and Nancy (Appley) Hood, natives of 



1068 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the Empire State, the former of whom, a lumberman and farmer, died 
in May, 1870, and the latter in 1874. 

Clark L. Hood secured his education in the Delaware Literary 
Institute at Franklin, in Delaware county, wholly unaided, and when 
but sixteen years of age, in 1863, enlisted for service in the Union army 
during the Civil war, as a member of Company M, First New York 
Veteran Cavalry. With this organization he served to the close of the 
war, when he received his honorable discharge, and at that time took 
up the study of law in the offices of Hotchkiss & Seymour, at Bingham- 
ton, New York. On being admitted to the bar he took up the practice 
of his profession in La Crosse, and almost immediately met with a 
gratifying recognition of his ability. In 1869 he formed a professional 
partnership with M. P. Wing, but since 1871 has been engaged in prac- 
tice alone. Mr. Hood's reputation as a criminal lawyer is state-wide, 
his connection with a number of notable cases having given him an envi- 
able reputation in this line of jurisprudence. As an orator, he stands 
second to none practicing before the La Crosse courts, where his com- 
prehension and knowledge of the law is manifest and his application of 
legal principles demonstrates the wide range of his professional acquire- 
ments. He has been an effective stump speaker in behalf of the Demo- 
cratic party, with which he has been connected since 1872, and has par- 
ticipated in numerous hard-fought campaigns, where his services have 
been of inestimable value to the Democratic organization. His public 
speaking, however, has not been confined to political matters, for his 
speech at the dedication of the Losey Memorial Arch was considered 
a masterly tribute to that well-known philanthropist while his ad- 
dress, "Henry Ward Beecher in England," received favorable com- 
ment from press and public throughout this part of the country, and 
his speech at the dedication of the soldiers' monument on Decoration 
Day at La Crosse is said to have been among the best of its kind. 

Mr. Hood has filled various positions of public trust and responsi- 
bility, in all of which he has manifested a conscientious desire to advance 
the welfare of his city and its people. For three years he served La 
Crosse as alderman, was city attorney for two years and district attor- 
ney for four years, and in 1911 was elected to the State Legislature, 
where he is devoting himself to the elimination of some of the laws on 
the statute books, believing that there has been too much law-making 
and that our legislators have advocated too much paternalism. Aside 
from the practice of his profession and the duties of public office, Mr. 
Hood has devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits and to stock 
raising, having until recently been the owner of two large farms. 

Andrew H. Dahl. One of the best known men in the public life 
of Wisconsin is the recent incumbent of the office of state treasurer, 
Andrew H. Dahl, who on December 31, 1912, closed three terms or six 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1069 

years of efficient service. Mr. Dahl is a resident of Westby, Vernon 
county, where he has long been prosperously identified with business 
and public affairs. In his public service as in his private business, his 
guiding principle has long been a square deal for all and special priv- 
ileges to none, and the people of his home county and of the state at 
large have repeatedly placed the seal of their approval upon his manner 
of exemplifying this rule. 

Mr: Dahl was born in Lewiston, Columbia county, Wisconsin, April 
13, 1859, and is one of the leading representatives of the Norwegian- 
American citizenship of this state. His parents, Michael H. and Eliz- 
abeth (Asbjornsen) Dahl, were both natives of Moi, Norway. The 
father was born in 1801 and died in 1869, and the mother was born in 
1815 and died in 1884. They were married in Moi, and of their children 
the two living are Andrew H. and his sister Sarah, the widow of Ole 
T. Westby. The mother subsequently married Jens A. Peterson, but there 
were no children from that union. The Dahl family, father and mother, 
emigrated to America in 1852, and spent thirteen weeks on the sailing 
vessel which finally landed them in New York City. Going up the Hud- 
son, they continued their westward journey through the Erie Canal to 
Buffalo, and thence on a steamer through the Great Lakes until their 
arrival at Milwaukee. There the father bought a yoke of oxen and drove* 
overland to Lewiston in Columbia county. That was then a wilderness 
region, and Michael Dahl should be credited with the pioneer work of 
hewing a farm from the aboriginal conditions. After twelve years 
residence there he sold his place, and, again with ox teams, migrated on 
to Coon Prairie in Vernon county. There he bought a farm and spent 
the rest of his active career in general agriculture. He was one of the 
active members of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran church. Dur- 
ing the first years of his American residence he voted the Whig prin- 
ciples, but later joined the Republican party. 

Andrew H. Dahl was reared to manhood on the home farms in 
Columbia and Vernon counties, and had the inestimable advantage of 
living in a good home characterized by industry, thrift and fine prin- 
ciples. He learned to work, and during the winter seasons attended the 
common schools, and later the Viroqua high school and the Northwestern 
Business University at Madison. 

At the age of twenty-two he began his career in merchandising as 
a clerk in a general store at Viroqua. After an experience of three and 
a half years, he began on his own account in 1884, under the firm name 
of Galstad & Dahl, the general merchandise and agricultural implement 
business. In 1888 Mr. Dahl bought out his partner, and has since con- 
ducted the business with increasing prosperity under the name of A. EL 
Dahl & Company. 

Mr. Dahl has for many years interested himself in local government 
and has been an active factor in Republican polities, lie was a mem- 



1070 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ber of the Vernon county board of supervisors in 1896-97 ; was 
trustee of the Vernon county asylum in 1897, serving nine years; was 
elected president of the village board at Westby in 1898 and by re- 
elections served four successive terms until 1902. In 1898 Mr. Dahl 
became a member of the Wisconsin assembly from Vernon county. 
He was three times re-elected, each time getting the nomination without 
opposition, and it was his distinction to have first in the history of 
Vernon county broken the long-established custom of giving a represen- 
tative but two terms in office. In the legislature he was on the com- 
mittee on education, was chairman of the committee on charitable and 
penal institutions during 1905, and succeeded the late and revered 
A. E. Hall of Dunn county as chairman of the committee on assess- 
ments and collections of taxes. The culmination of his political honors 
came with his election to the office of state treasurer in 1906. He was 
re-elected in 1908 and 1910, and gave the state as capable an adminis- 
tration of this important office as it has ever had. In 1912 he was 
elected a delegate at large from Wisconsin to the National Republican 
Convention held in Chicago. He supported the candidacy of Senator 
Robert M. LaFollette for president. 

Mr. Dahl is a member of the Lutheran church, and is affiliated with 
the Sons of Norway. He was married on October 10, 1882, to Miss 
Julia Vinje, who was born at Voss, Norway. Seven children have been 
born to their marriage : Harry J., who married Nellie Riege, is a mem- 
ber of the firm of A. H. Dahl & Company at Westby; Elnora E. is the 
wife of William F. Whitney, of Wenatchee, Washington; Chester T. 
is also a member of A. H. Dahl & Company, and he and his brother 
now have the entire management of this prosperous business; Lulu E., 
Alice I., Victor V., and Aad J. are the younger members of the home 
circle. 

A. Arthur Guilbert. As an architect, Mr. Guilbert, has one of 
the leading positions in his profession in Southern Wisconsin, and has 
built up a large practice in Racine. He is head of the well known firm 
of Guilbert & Funston, whose offices are in the Robinson Building. Mr. 
Guilbert has spent most of his life in Racine, his parents having been 
pioneers of this city, and since returning from college has been rapidly 
making his way in professional achievements. 

A. Arthur Guilbert was born in Racine in August, 1869, a son of 
Albert W. and Celia M. (Perse) Guilbert. The father was also a 
native of Racine, his parents have been pioneer settlers in this vicinity. 
The father until 1904 was for many years in the employ of the J. I. Case 
Threshing Machine Company. The mother passed away in Racine in 
1906. 

Mr. Guilbert was educated in the common schools of his native city, 
graduating from the high school, and then entering the Lehigh Uni 




C(. OUj^i^^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1071 

versity in the Engineering Department, afterwards taking special work 
at University of Michigan, Armour Institute and Chicago Art Institute. 
For a number of years Mr. Guilbert was connected with the J. I. Case 
Threshing Machine Company, and from that well known concern entered 
upon the active practice of his profession as an architect. He is well 
known socially in Racine, and has a number of fraternal affiliations with 
local orders. He is a member of Racine Lodge No. 18, A. F. & A. M. ; 
Orient Chapter, R. A. M. ; Racine Commandery, No. 7, K. T., being also 
affiliated with Tripoli Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Milwaukee, and 
a 32nd degree Mason. He is a member of the Elks Lodge No. 252, at 
Racine. His clubs are the Somerset and the Racine Country Clubs. Mr. 
Guilbert has a fine residence at 107 Eleventh Street, a home upon which 
he has bestowed much attentionfand his professional services, and it is 
an attractive feature of this particular residence district, passing under 
the name of "Green Gables." 

In 1895 Mr. Guilbert married Miss Bessie Bull. Her father, Stephen 
Bull, was one of the most prominent citizens of Racine, and was one of 
the founders and promoters of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Com- 
pany, an industry which has probably done more than any other to 
build up Racine, as an industrial center, and a concern of which all 
citizens of Racine have great reason to be proud as it is one of the 
largest plants of its kind in the United States. 

Mr. and Mrs. Guilbert are the parents of three children namely : 
F. Warburton, now a student in Hill School, Pottstown, Pennsylvania ; 
Gordon McKenzie, also in the Hill School and Ellen Kellogg. 

Edwin B. Tuteur, M. D. Born and reared in Wisconsin, his father 
being a retired business man of LaCrosse, Dr. Tuteur has for many 
years held a prominent place among Chicago physicians, being espe- 
cially known as an authority on internal medicine. 

Edwin B. Tuteur was born at LaCrosse, November 9, 1866, and was 
very liberally educated. After graduating from the LaCrosse high 
school with the class of 1883 he entered the University of Cincinnati, 
where he was graduated Ph. G. with the class of 1887. His medical 
studies were pursued in Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia, where 
he obtained his medical degree in 1890. Dr. Tuteur was resident physi- 
cian to Philadelphia Hospital in Philadelphia for two years. In 1892 
he located in Chicago, where he has since given special attention to the 
practice of diagnosis and internal medicine. He has spent considerable 
time abroad in post-graduate and clinical work at Munich, Germany, 
and at Vienna, Austria. He holds the position of consulting physi- 
cian to Daily News Sanitarium for children, was professor of medicine 
in Loyola University; professor of gastro-internal diseases in the Illi- 
nois Medical College; is attending physician to St. Luke's Hospital. Dr. 
Tuteur is a former president of the Physicians' Club of Chicago, was 



1072 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

formerly president of the Southern District Medical Society, is a mem- 
ber of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and 
belongs to the Chicago Medical Society, The Illinois Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association. 

As one of the organizers in 1910 and since that time secretary of the 
Valmora Industrial Sanatorium, Dr. Tuteur is one of the executive 
officers of an institution, which, though perhaps not widely known to 
the general public, is performing none-the-less efficient, splendid service 
to mankind. It is one of the significant illustrations of the modern 
attitude of commerce in its more helpful relations to social existence. 
It indicates a disposition on the part of practical business in this twen- 
tieth century to aid in the amelioration of conditions against which 
thousands of people as individuals *mst otherwise contend in vain. 
The Valmora Industrial Sanatorium, incorporated under the laws of 
Illinois, not for profit, has as its object to supply a suitable institution 
for the care, maintenance, and treatment of persons in moderate cir- 
cumstances suffering from tuberculosis, unable to pay the usual rates 
charged by private institutions. Only incipient cases and such mod- 
erately advanced cases as have fair prospects of recovery are received. 
The Sanatorium is located at Watrous, New Mexico, in a beautiful val- 
ley, well protected from winds, and at an altitude of 6,000 feet above 
the sea. The president of the organization is E. Fletcher Ingalls, M. D., 
and the board of officers and directors include men whose names are 
national in business and the profession, the medical board containing 
a number of the most eminent names in Chicago and American medi- 
cine and surgery. Patients to this sanatorium are received chiefly from 
among the employes of members of the institution, the rates per week 
to such patients being $10.00, while to others the rate is $12.00 per 
week. Enrolled in the list of members are many of the largest mer- 
cantile and industrial corporations of Chicago, including several of 
the great department stores, many of the firms in the wholesale district, 
and a number of banks, manufacturing and other conspicuous concerns. 

The parents of Dr. Tuteur were Isaac and Fanny (Berman) Tuteur. 
The father was born at Rheinpfalz in Germany in 1829 and died in 
1893 at the age of sixty-three years. The mother was born in Bavaria, 
Germany, in 1836, and is now living in her seventy-seventh year. The 
parents were married at Blairsville, Pennsylvania, and five of their 
seven children are still living. The father came to America in 1849 
when twenty years of age. He crossed on a sailing vessel which was 
seventy- two days on the voyage, and finally landed him at New York 
City. The mother came to this country at the age of sixteen years. 
Isaac Tuteur first located at Blairsville, Pennsylvania, where he was in 
the lumber business for about ten years, and then moved out to LaCrosse, 
Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the wholesale liquor business up to 
1889 at which time he retired. He was an active member and for a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1073 

number of years treasurer of the Lodge of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows at LaCrosse, and held office in other social organizations. 
In politics he was a Democrat. 

Dr. Tuteur married on February 21, 1892, Miss Emma Grossman, 
who was born in Chicago, 111. They are the parents of one daughter 
Frances Pauline. Dr. Tuteur has membership in the Chicago Athletic 
Club, and the South Shore County Club. He is independent in politics 
and usually voted as a Republican up to 1912, at which time he supported 
President Wilson. During 1911 Dr. Tuteur with his family made an 
extended tour abroad, visiting Africa, Italy, France, Austria, and Ger- 
many. 

Charles E. Vroman. Holding prestige as one of the able and re- 
sourceful members of the bar of the city of Chicago, Mr. Vroman there 
shows his abiding interest in his native state by retaining active mem- 
bership in the Wisconsin Society, and prior to his removal to the great 
western metropolis he had gained secure prestige in his professional 
work in Wisconsin, as one of the leading members of the bar of the city 
of Green Bay, whence he removed to Chicago in 1900. He is a repre- 
sentative of one of the stanch pioneer families of Wisconsin, with whose 
history the name of Vroman has been worthily identified since the early 
territorial epoch, and thus there is all of consistency in according to him 
specific recognition in this publication. 

Mr. Vroman was born on a pioneer farmstead in Fitchburg town 
ship, Dane county, AVisconsin, about seven miles distant from Madison, 
the beautiful capital city of the state, and the date of his nativity was 
October 5, 1846. He is a son of William and Harriet (Field) Vroman. 
the former a native of Madison county, New York, where he was born 
in the year 1818. The father continued his residence in Wisconsin from 
the pioneer days until his death, in 1886, and his widow now resides 
at Madison, this state, at the venerable age of eighty-nine years (1913 
one of the noble women who have witnessed the development and up- 
building of the Badger commonwealth and one who has the affectionate 
regard of all who have come within the benignant compass of her in- 
fluence. She was born in Durhamville, Oneida county. New York, in 
1824 where her parents were early settlers. Of the two children of 
William and Harriet (Field) Vroman, the elder is he whose name 
initiates this review, and Josephine is the wife of Edward C. Mason, 
of Madison, Wisconsin. 

William Vroman was reared and educated in his native state and first 
came to the territory of Wisconsin in the '30s. On account of the dis- 
turbed conditions incidental to the Black Hawk Indian war he returned 
to New York state, where he remained until after his marriage. In 1843 
he came with his wife to Wisconsin and they established their home on 
an embryonic farm near Madison, in Fitchburg township. Dane county 



1074 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

He was one of the early settlers of that township, where he bravely set 
himself to the herculean task of reclaiming a farm from the wilderness 
and where he also developed a prosperous enterprise in building houses 
for other pioneers. He was also one of the first contractors to engage 
in building operations in Madison, the capital of the state. He con- 
tinued to reside on his farm until 1860, when he was elected treasurer 
of Dane county, with official headquarters in Madison, the county seat; 
in which place he established the family home in 1862. He gave a care- 
ful and effective administration of the fiscal affairs of the county and 
continued to serve as treasurer for four years. He established himself 
in the lumber business in the little capital city, w T ith various branch 
yards at other points in the state, and in this field of enterprise he 
built up a prosperous business, to which he continued to devote his 
attention until the late 70 's, after which he lived virtually retired until 
his death — an honored and influential citizen of the county in which he 
was a sterling pioneer. Mr. Vroman was a man of distinct individual- 
ity and well fortified opinions and was an active and influential factor 
in political affairs in his county. He originally gave his allegiance to 
the Whig party but was a staunch supporter of the cause of the Repub- 
lican party from its inception until the close of his life. Though not for- 
mally identified with any religious body he was a regular attendant and 
liberal supporter of the Congregational church, of which his widow 
has been a devoted member for many years. 

Charles E. Vroman gained his initial experience in connection with 
the environment and operations of the pioneer farm on which he was 
born, and his early educational advantages were those afforded in the 
district schools of the locality and period. He was enabled to continue 
his studies in the University of Wisconsin, in which he was a member 
of the class of 1868, Ph. B., and he admirably fortified himself for his 
chosen profession by a course in the Albany Law College, at Albany, 
New York, in which he was graduated in 1869, and from which he re- 
ceived his well earned degree of Bachelor of Laws. He forthwith re- 
turned to Wisconsin and was admitted to its bar, and his first practical 
work in his profession was performed in connection with the office of 
the late Hon. William F. Vilas, of Madison, long one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers and influential citizens of the state. After being thus 
associated with Senator Vilas for a few months Mr. Vroman became 
deputy clerk of the circuit court for that county, and of this office he 
continued the incumbent until the spring of 1870, when he removed to 
Green Bay, Wisconsin, the judicial center of Brown county, where he 
established himself in the active practice of his profession and became 
associated with Linneus Sale, under the firm name of Vroman & Sale. 
Through ability, discrimination, close application and integrity of pur- 
pose Mr. Vroman soon gained a prominent position at the bar of that 
section of the state and for a period of more than a quarter of a century 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1075 

was numbered among the leading lawyers of Green Bay, with a represen- 
tative clientage and with a business that involved his appearance in 
connection with much important litigation. In 1890, with matured 
powers and the distinctive precedence given by success, he formed 
another professional alliance, under the title of Green, Vroman, Fair- 
child, North & Parker, and of this representative law firm he continued 
a member for a decade, at the expiration of which, on the 1st of May. 
1900, he withdrew from partnership to establish his home in Chicago, in 
which great metropolis he has found a broad and inviting field for his 
professional endeavors and in which he has achieved definite success and 
prestige. Upon removing to Chicago he became a member of the law 
firm of Flower, Vroman & Musgrave, and on the 15th of November, 1900, 
he was made assistant general solicitor for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railroad Company, with headquarters in Chicago. To the duties 
of this important position he gave the major part of his time and atten- 
tion until April 1, 1910, when he resumed the general practice of his 
profession, in partnership with his son William P., and Fayette S. 
Munro, and under the firm name of Vroman, Munro & Vroman. This 
effective alliance continued until the death of William P. Vroman in 
1911, and since that time the large and representative law business has 
been continued under the title of Vroman & Munro. 

In politics Mr. Vroman has ever been a stalwart advocate of the 
principles and policies of the Republican party and while a resident of 
his native state he was influential in public affairs. He served several 
terms as city attorney of Green Bay, Wisconsin, and was for several 
years the incumbent of the office of district attorney of Brown county. 
At Green Bay he still maintains his affiliation with Washington Lodge, 
No. 23, Free & Accepted Masons, and Green Bay Chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons. At Madison, the capital of the state, he is a member of 
the University Club and he is actively identified with the Wisconsin 
State Historical Society, as well as the American Historical Associa- 
tion. He takes a deep interest in and is a valued member of the Wis- 
consin Society of Chicago, and in bis home city is identified also with 
the Union League Club, the University Club, and the City Club. 

At the home of the bride's parents, in Sun Prairie, Dane county, 
Wisconsin, on the 11th of May, 1871, was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Vroman to Miss Emma R. Phillips, who was born and reared in 
that county and who likewise is a representative of a pioneer family of 
Wisconsin. Of the three children of Mr. and Mrs. Vroman the first, a 
daughter, died in infancy. William P., who died in 1911. at the age 
of thirty-two years, was at the time associated with his father in the 
practice of law, as previously noted, and his career was cut short in the 
very prime of his strong and noble manhood, and to the severe grief of 
a host of devoted friends and admirers. He was graduated in the law- 
department of the University of Wisconsin as a member of the class of 



1076 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

1901, and had gained secure vantage ground in his chosen profession 
when his death occurred, this being the severest of blows to his devoted 
parents. John C, the surviving son, completed his technical education 
in the University of Wisconsin and is now successfully engaged in the 
work of his profession of civil and mechanical engineer, with head- 
quarters in Chicago, where he still remains at the parental home. 

Edward Yockey. The professional and executive powers of Mr. 
Yockey have been effectually tested and found ample through his service 
in his present official position, that of district attorney of Milwaukee 
county, and he is numbered among the essentially representative mem- 
bers of the bar of his native state. His devotion to his profession has 
been manifest alike in close application, deep appreciation of its re- 
sponsibilities and dignity, and careful observance of its unwritten eth- 
ical code, so that he naturally commands the unequivocal confidence and 
esteem of his confreres at the bar. 

Mr. Yockey is a scion of one of the sterling pioneer families of Wis- 
consin, where his paternal grandparents established their home at an 
early period in the history of this favored commonwealth. They immi- 
grated to Wisconsin from the state of New York and the family geneal- 
ogy indicates long and worthy connection with the annals of American 
history. The district attorney of Milwaukee county was born in Dodge 
county, this state, on the 16th of July, 1879, and is a son of William H. 
and Ella (McHugh) Yockey, the former of whom was born in Mil- 
waukee, on the 2d of May, 1853, and the latter of whom was born at 
Fond du Lac, this state, on the 12th of October, 1850. William H. 
Yockey is a well known and valued locomotive engineer in the employ of 
the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company, in the service of which 
corporation he has been retained for more than thirty-five years, and he 
is a man well known and highly esteemed in the state that long repre- 
sented his home. He was graduated in the engineering department of 
Syracuse University, at Syracuse, New York, and in the earlier period 
of his career he was identified with important railroad construction 
work, including the building of the line between Ishpeming and Esca- 
naba, Michigan. He and his wife now reside in the city of Escanaba, 
Michigan, and he is one of its popular and public-spirited citizens. His 
father, the late Nicholas Yockey, served as an officer in the Prussian 
army and participated in the Franco-Prussian war. Mrs. Ella (Mc- 
Hugh) Yockey is a daughter of the late Patrick McHugh, who became 
one of the honored and influential citizens of Fond du Lac county, and 
who was one of the contractors who built the air line division of the 
Northwestern Railroad between Fond du Lac and Milwaukee, besides 
which he served as sergeant of the Fond du Lac Volunteers and repre- 
sented Wisconsin as a valiant soldier of the Union in the Civil war-, 
he enlisted on the 30th of August, 1862, in Company E, Seventeenth 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1077 

Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, was wounded in battle on the 19th of 
May, 1863, and continued in service until the close of the war, having 
been mustered out on the 2d of June, 1865. 

Edward Yockey is indebted to the public schools for his early edu- 
cational discipline and was graduated in the high school as Escanaba, 
Michigan, as a member of the class of 1894, he having been about two 
years of age at the time when the family home was established in that 
city. He furthered his academic education by an effective course in the 
Ohio Institute at Dayton, in which he was graduated in 1896. In 
preparation for his chosen profession he entered the law department of 
the Notre Dame University at South Bend, Indiana, and in this institu- 
tion he was graduated as a member of the class of 1899 and with the 
well earned degree. Thus admirably fortified for the vocation of his 
choice, Mr. Yockey established his residence in Milwaukee, in which city 
he has since been engaged in the active and successful practice of his 
profession, his ability and sterling character having gained for him pres- 
tige of no equivocal order. He built up a substantial and representa- 
tive private practice and to the same he continued to give his attention 
until his election to his present responsible office of district attorney of 
Milwaukee county, in November, 1912. He assumed the duties of office 
on the 6th of January, 1913, for the regular term of two years, and his 
administration has already served as ample justification of the popular 
support which gave to him this preferment. 

Mr. Yockey has proved a veritable independent in the Wisconsin 
camp of the Republican party and has given yeoman service in support 
of the party cause. He has shown marked discrimination and ability 
in the manoeuvering of political forces and served from 1910 to 1912, 
inclusive, as chairman of the Republican county committee of Milwaukee 
county, as well as chairman of the party's city committee in Milwaukee. 
He was manager of the non-partisan campaign which resulted in the 
election of Milwaukee's present mayor, G. A. Bading, and it was largely 
due to his efforts that the non-partisan fusion forces was effected in this 
municipal campaign. Prom 1908 to 1910 Mr. Yockey was a member of 
the Republican State Central Committee for the Fourth congressional 
district of the state. He is a valued member of the Milwaukee county 
Bar Association and is also identified with the Wisconsin Bar Associa- 
tion. His name is found enrolled on the list of eligible bachelors in the 
Wisconsin metropolis and this fact, it may be consistently said, does 
not in the least militate against his popularity in social circles. He finds 
his chief recreation in fishing and is an enthusiastic disciple of the 
piscatorial art. 

Nelson Norman Lampert, vice president of the Port Dearborn 
National Bank of Chicago is a native of Wisconsin, and has had a Long 
and successful career as a Chicago banker. On the organization of 
the Wisconsin Society of Chicago he was honored with election as its 



1078 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

first treasurer. Mr. Lampert was born at Newton in Vernon county, 
Wisconsin, March 19, 1872. His parents were Bartholomew and Mary 
(Stork) Lampert. The father, who was born at West Bend, in Wash- 
ington county, Wisconsin, died at the age of sixty-two. The mother 
was also born at West Bend and is still living. On both sides the 
family were established in Wisconsin during the pioneer era. The 
Chicago banker was the oldest of six children, four of whom are liv- 
ing. Bartholomew Lampert became prominent in the Methodist min- 
istry, having been educated in a theological seminary in Ohio. He held 
various charges in Wisconsin and Illinois and was a presiding elder in 
the Chicago district at the time of his death. In politics he was always 
a Republican. 

Nelson Norman Lampert came to Chicago with his parents at the 
age of fourteen and was graduated from the Garfield grammar school. 
In May, 1887, when a little more than fifteen years of age, he entered 
the service of the Fort Dearborn National Bank as a messenger boy. 
By earnest and faithful work he was promoted through all the grades 
leading up to the vice presidency, to which office he was elected in 1904, 
when thirty-two years of age. 

Mr. Lampert is a prominent figure in Chicago Masonic Circles. He 
is past master of Garden City Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; past thrice illus- 
trious master of Tyrian Council R. & S. M. ; past commander of Apollo 
Commandery No. 1 K. T., and in the Scottish Rite is a member of 
Oriental Consistory and an honorary thirty-third degree Mason. In 
December, 1907, he was unanimously elected illustrious potentate of 
Medinah Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 

Mr. Lampert is a member of the Banker's Club; of the Mid-Day 
Club ; the Hamilton Club ; the Glen View Golf Club ; the Chicago Ath- 
letic Association, of which he has served as treasurer; the Columbia 
Yacht Club ; the Union League Club ; the South Shore Country Club. 
His politics is Republican. 

On June 28, 1910, Mr. Lampert married Miss Nettie Tuohy, who 
was born at Woodstock, In MeHenry county, Illinois. 

Robert Rom. In Milwaukee since pioneer times the Rom family have 
heen manufacturers and business men, producers not spenders of wealth, 
making their enterprise a factor in community prosperity; have been 
notable for normal yet spirited participation in the social and civic 
affairs of their home city ; and all in all have been the sort of men and 
women whose lives count for most in the substantial integrity of a city 
or state. 

The founder of the family in Milwaukee was the late Andrew Rom. 
It is not overstatement to say that his career was a distinctive con- 
tribution to the industrial and civic welfare* of this city. Andrew Rom, 
whose death occurred in Milwaukee September 14, 1897, was one of tho 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1079 

founders of Milwaukee industry in the packing business, and had lived 
in Milwaukee since 1849. He was seventy-eight years, nine months, and 
twenty-three days of age when his death occured. He was born in 
Regansburg, Bavaria, November 22, 1818. He left his native land dur- 
ing the political trouble that caused the departure of so many other 
Germans who contended for liberty in the Fatherland and who subse- 
quently became estimable citizens in America. Immediately upon his 
arrival in Milwaukee in 1849 Mr. Rom established a packing plant at 
State and Third Streets, and retired in 1876 after a successful career. 
He was the first butcher in Milwaukee to employ steam in the manu- 
facture of sausage. He was an associate of Cudahy, Plankinton, Lay- 
ton and Armour. The late Mr. Rom was beyond military age when 
the Civil war started, but gave his moral support to the war for the 
preservation of the Union. He was a man of deep patriotic feelings, 
though it was always difficult even for his family to secure any expression 
of opinion or account of his life in the old country, and it appeared that 
he always regretted the necessity of having to leave Germany in the 
manner he did. Mr. Rom belonged to the West Side Old Settlers Club, 
was a Mason, being one of the charter members of Kilbourn Lodge No. 
3, F. & A. M., and also belonged to the old Turnverein of Milwaukee. He 
belonged to Camp No. 2 of the Order of the Druids, under whose au- 
spices his funeral was held. 

The late Andrew Rom was married in Milwaukee in 1852 to Miss 
Marie Glaser of Milwaukee. They had been married forty-five years at 
the time of his death, and she is still living in Milwaukee, having passed 
her eighty-ninth birthday on March 12, 1913. She was born in Saxony. 
Germany, March 12, 1824, and came across the ocean in a sailing vessel. 
the late Mrs. Frederick Mayer, another pioneer woman of Mihvaukee, 
having been a fellow passenger on the same boat. The ship was ninety 
days en route. Andrew Rom and wife were the parents of seven children. 
two of whom are deceased and the five now living are as follows: Mis. 
Emma Hertting, who is the wife of Hugo Hertting of Milwaukee ; Robert 
Rom, whose career is sketched in following paragraphs; Bertha, wife 
of Charles W. Nebel of Madison; Rosalie, wife of Walter Busehmann 
of Milwaukee; and Emil, treasurer of the Robert Rom Company. All 
the children were born at the old home in Milwaukee at 276 Third Street 
and received their education in this city. 

Robert Rom, who w r as born May 9, 1856. has proved a worthy suc- 
cessor of his father in business enterprise, being president of the Robert 
Rom Company, one of the largest concerns of the state for plumbers,' 
steam and gasfitters' supplies. Mr. Rom received his early education in 
the Second Ward School and the old German-English Academy, and also 
the West Side School, from which he was graduated with the class of 
May, 1870. On the very next day following his graduation lie began 
work for the late M. M. Leahy, who was the pioneer in Milwaukee in the 



1080 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

business in which Robert Rom is chiefly engaged at the present time. The 
Leahy establishment was at Broadway and Huron Streets. Mr. Leahy 
sold out in 1871 to the Hoffman & Billings Manufacturing Company, and 
Robert Rom went along with the rest of the plant to the new concern. 
He continued there until 1878, when he went to the northern part of 
the state and took up eighty acres of land in the town of Butternut, 
Ashland county. His settlement there at the time, and under pioneer 
conditions, gave him acquaintance with the Hon. Sam Fifield of Ashland, 
who is one of the board of editors of this history of the state. In those 
days all the German settlers in that vicinity were very much opposed to 
Fifield. During the three years of his residence in Ashland county, Mr. 
Rom held several minor offices in the township, and also took the national 
census in 1880. Returning to Milwaukee in 1881, he resumed employ- 
ment with Hoffman & Billings Manufacturing Company, and was with 
them until 1888. On March 9, 1889, Mr. Rom engaged in business for 
himself, in a shop at 130 Second Street, just below the old Plankinton 
House on Second Street. He set up as a jobber in plumbers' supplies 
under the firm of Robert Rom & Company, and thus originated his busi- 
ness which has been conducted under that name for twenty-four years. 

In 1892 the company was incorporated as the Robert Rom Company, 
and continued in its original location until 1904 when they bought the 
present grounds at 1023-1101 St. Paul Avenue. The trade of this com- 
pany extends over all the surrounding states, and their business has been 
very successful. Mr. Rom is president, Mr. J. F. Wulf is vice president, 
Mr. C. S. Waite is secretary, and Emil Rom is treasurer. Mr. Rom is 
also president of the Steam Appliance Company, located at 245-255 
Oregon Street, and manufacturers of high grade steam specialties, in- 
cluding various kinds of valves, oil separators, and a number of special 
appliances extensively used by the general trade. 

Mr. Rom has been a Democrat in National politics, though he has 
not been rigid in his adherence to any one political party or creed. He 
has membership in the old Horicon Shooting Club, and the Merchants & 
Manufacturers Association of Milwaukee. On November 14, 1880, in 
Butternut township, Ashland county, Mr. Rom married Miss Bertha 
Tank, a daughter of August Tank and wife, who were pioneer settlers 
in that section of the state and both now deceased. Mrs. Rom was born 
in Germany and was six years of age when her parents came to Amer- 
cia. She received her education in Milwaukee, where the family lived 
previous to their removal into northern Wisconsin. Her parents died 
and are buried in Ashland county. Mr. and Mrs. Rom have three sons : 
Andrew J., at home; Walter B., secretary-treasurer of the Steam Ap- 
pliance Company ; Daniel W., manager of the stock department of the 
Robert Rom Company. All the sons were born and educated in Mil- 
waukee, and the two youngest are graduates of St. Johns Military School 
at Delafield. The home of Mr. Rom and family is at Wauwatosa. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1081 

Christ H. Roepcke. A business man of Rhinelander who is also 
prominent in local politics and one of the thoroughly representative men 
of northern Wisconsin is Christ H. Roepcke, a harness manufacturer, 
with his place of business at 135 South Stevens Street in Rhinelander. 
Mr. Roepcke has been in business in Rhinelander since 1899, and has re- 
sided in that city since 189G. For the past six years he has served as 
chairman of the County Republican Committee of Oneida county. 

Born in Outagamie county, Wisconsin, on a farm, November 22, 
1870, Mr. Roepcke is a son of Christ and Sophia (Lipsdorf) Roepcke. 
Both parents were born near Berlin, Germany, were married there, and 
on coming to America settled in Outagamie county, soon after the Amer- 
ican Civil war. There the father bought a farm, and there they spent 
the remainder of their lives in the quiet and honorable vocation of farm- 
ing. The father died in the fall of 1893, and the mother in 1907. 

Christ H. Roepcke was a farmer boy, and while assisting his father, 
as his strength permitted in the work of the homestead, he also attended 
country schools. Early in youth he acquired the harness-making trade 
at Seymour, Wisconsin, and followed his trade in the city of Milwaukee 
for four years. On coming to Rhinelander in 1896 he was employed for 
three or four years in the sawmilling and lumbering industry. At the 
end of that time he established his present business, and has built it up 
to prosperous proportions and is not only proprietor of a growing con- 
cern, but has in the meantime acquired substantial interests in local 
property. He is the owner of his business block which he erected in 
the spring of 1910. 

Mr. Roepcke takes an active part in local government as alderman 
from the Sixth Ward and is now in his twelfth year of continuous ser- 
vice in that office. In the fall of 1891 Mr. Roepcke was married to Miss 
Matilda Buetow, who was born in Germany, but was reared in Milwau- 
kee county, Wisconsin. Their three children are Myrtle, Harvey, and 
Crystal. On Dorr Avenue is located the pleasant residence of Mr. 
Roepcke and family, and besides his home he is the owner of forty acres 
of land, all situated within the city limits of Rhinelander. 

Solon D. Sutliff. The chief industry of Rhinelander since its 
founding has been lumbering and the affiliated interests, and nearly 
every citizen of prominence has been at some time or other actively 
identified in some capacity with this occupation. Among the citizens 
who are now carrying the chief responsibility of local manufacturing 
and business is Solon D. Sutliff. secretary-treasurer and manager of the 
Rhinelander Lumber and Coal Company, an important concern doing 
a retail business in lumber, builders' supplies, coal, and other com- 
modities. The president of the company is A. 0. Jenne. the vice presi- 
dent is F. S. Robbins, while Mr. Sutliff is active manager and the chief 
executive of the firm. The business was organized in 1908. and Mr. 



1082 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Sutliff has been connected with it from the beginning. From the time 
he was a boy Mr. Sutliff has had practical experience and more or less 
identified with the lumber business. 

His Wisconsin residence dates from 1889, in which year he came to 
the state with his brother, A. E. Sutliff of Tomahawk. Mr. Sutliff be- 
came a resident of Rhinelander in 1904, and prior to the organization 
of the present company was engaged in the jobbing lumber trade. He 
came to Wisconsin from Newaygo, Michigan, where he was born on a 
farm, October 16, 1864, a son of Calvin A. and Emily H. (Woodward) 
Sutliff. His father was a farmer of Michigan. 

The home farm in Michigan was the training ground and the center 
of all his boyhood associations, and memories. He attended school there, 
and at the age of twenty-four left home to take up his independent career 
as a lumberman. His first occupation was driving logs down the Mus- 
kegon River, and he worked in logging camps, in the drives down the 
river, in the mills, and in practically every department until he came to 
Wisconsin. At Tomahawk, Wisconsin, he spent the first year in a saw 
mill, then scaled logs in the woods during the winter, and from there 
went to Woodboro, where he did office work for the George E. Wood 
Lumber Company about fourteen years. With this varied and extensive 
experience he came to Rhinelander, where he has occupied a position of 
prominence in local business affairs. 

In 1899, Mr. Sutliff married Nettie Wheelan, of Grand Rapids, Wis- 
consin, a daughter of Edward Wheelan. Mrs. Sutliff died in February, 
1910. Their two boys are Wheelan and Robert, Fraternally Mr. Sut- 
liff is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Charles P. Crosby. Between father and son the Crosby name has 
been closely identified with the lumber industry of Wisconsin for a 
period of sixty years. The early operations under the name were from 
headquarters at LaCrosse, while Mr. Charles P. Crosby, now lives and 
has his business in Rhinelander, but as an operator in timber lands and 
lumber manufacturing his interests extend to different parts of the state. 
Mr. Crosby who has been a resident of Rhinelander since 1902, since 
which year he has been in the hardwood lumber business at this point, 
has manifested a great interest in public affairs, especially in those con- 
cerns and organizations which are of most importance to industrial and 
civic development. He is president of the Oneida County Agricultural 
Society, and at the present time is a member of the City Council from 
the Fifth Ward. 

Mr. Crosby was born in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, August 3, 1859, a son 
of William W. and Mary (Pennell) Crosby. His father died at La- 
Crosse in 1893, and the mother in April, 1897. She was born in New 
York State, while the father was a native of Massachusetts. Grand- 
father Crosby was a soldier in the Continental Army during the Revo- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1083 

lutionary war, and some of the brothers of that soldier died in prison 
during the war. William W. Crosby was major general of the State 
Militia of Wisconsin in 1860. He was one of the pioneer settlers in the 
southwestern part of the state, having located at LaCrosse in 1854, from 
Springfield, Massachusetts. He became identified with lumbering in 
connection with C. C. Hixon of LaCrosse, and they owned and operated 
a sawmill together for several years. After that he was in business for 
himself. He was an extensive logger, as well as a manufacturer. 

Beared in LaCrosse, and receiving his education in local schools, 
C. P. Crosby early became familiar with the lumber industry in all its 
departments, and since 1883 has been in business for himself. He 
operated a wholesale and retail lumber yard, and the planing mill, and 
later built a sawmill at LaCrosse. In 1895 he moved to Wausau, and 
some years later to Rhinelander. He has owned and operated sawmills 
in Marathon and Rusk counties, and now operates several mills in 
Shawano county. He deals in hardwood, hemlock and pine lumber in 
wholesale quantities, and is one of the largest and best known lumber 
operators in northern Wisconsin. 

Mr. Crosby besides other relations with public affairs is now serving 
as chairman of the Oneida County Democratic Committee. In 1887 at 
LaCrosse, he was married to Sarah Armstrong of Galesburg, Illinois. 
Her death occurred in 1896, leaving three children, Harold, Charles, 
and Florence. In 1898, Mr. Crosby married Helen Wright, of Mil- 
waukee. Their two children are Marion and Elizabeth. Mr. Crosby is 
active in the Congregational church of Rhinelander, being treasurer, a 
trustee and deacon. 

H. J. Westgate, M. D. Representing the best skill and training of 
his profession, Dr. Westgate has made a successful record as physician 
and surgeon, and since June 3, 1911, has been in practice at Rhine- 
lander in Oneida county. Previous to his location in Rhinelander. he 
spent two years in practice at Ingram, in Rusk county. Dr. Westgate 
well deserves all the success and honors which come to the successful 
physician, and brought to his profession a well-seasoned experience in 
other lines of work, an experience which developed him in many ways 
useful to the practitioner of medicine. Dr. Westgate is a graduate of 
the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons, now the medical 
department of Marquette University of Milwaukee. His graduation was 
with the class of 1909. Previous to graduating and while he was attend- 
ing college, he and his wife had charge of the college free dispensary. 

Dr. Westgate is a native of Massachusetts, born in Worcester county. 
on a farm, February 22, 1875. His parents were Fred E. and Eliza A. 
(Riley) Westgate, who, when their son was six years old, moved out to 
Wisconsin, locating on a farm in Manitowoc county, where they still 
reside. It was in Manitowoc, on the home farm that Dr. Westgate re- 



1084 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ceived his first impressions of life, and while a boy attended the country 
school and later the graded school of Mishicot. When he had finished 
school his first occupation was as a school master, and for nine years he 
taught in Manitowoc College. Then he got into the railway mail- service 
and spent another nine years in that work, his run being from Mil- 
waukee to Ashland. At that time he gave up his position as mail clerk 
and attended the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons for one 
year. 

On November 25, 1897, Dr. Westgate married Ida M. Levenhagen, of 
Mishicot, Manitowoc county, a daughter of Charles and Frederica 
(Schriever) Levenhagen. The two children of their marriage are Hugh 
G. and Lucy M. 

Dr. Westgate is affiliated with the Modern Brotherhood of America, 
the Masonic Order, the Royal Neighbors, the Modern Woodmen of 
America, the Mystic Workers, the Fraternal Reserve Association at 
Oshkosh, and is examining physician for all the orders, and also for the 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Professionally his associations 
are with the Oneida Forest and Vilas Counties Medical Society, the 
Wisconsin State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. 
The doctor has a general line of medical and surgical practice, and is 
held in high esteem both as a doctor and as a citizen. 

Paul Gores. The present manager of the Congress Hotel of Chi- 
cago, one of the largest and best known hostelries of America, spent his 
boyhood and youth in Wisconsin, and after working his way up to a 
place of power in an Oshkosh bank, left to begin a career in Chicago 
which has taken him from bookkeeper in the old Palmer House to active 
head of the big establishment on Michigan Avenue. 

Paul Gores was born in Wallersheim, Germany, March 1, 1861, a son 
of Bernard and Anna (Dick) Gores, both natives of Germany. The 
father was born near the city of Berlin in 1815, and died in 1898. The 
mother's birthplace was near Cologne on the Rhine, where she was born 
in 1821, and her death occurred in 1900. They were married in Ger- 
many, and were the parents of four children, two sons and two daughters, 
three of whom are now living. 

The third in the family, Paul Gores, was three years old when the 
family came to America. His father in his younger days had been a 
school teacher and then a farmer, and after coming to America located 
at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where he was in the grocery business, until with- 
in a year and a half of his death, at which time he retired. He had mem- 
bership in the Roman Catholic Church, and in politics was a Democrat. 

Paul Gores received his education in the common and high schools 
of Oshkosh, and finished at Professor Daggett's business college in Osh- 
kosh. His first regular work was as messenger boy with the Union Na- 
tional Bank at Oshkosh, and he remained in the service of that institu- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1085 

tion until he had been given the position of bookkeeper and still later 
was made teller of the bank. In 1879 he resigned his position as teller 
in the bank, came to Chicago, and found a place as bookkeeper with the 
Palmer House. After four years with the hotel which at that time was 
one of the most popular and best equipped in Chicago, he engaged with 
Drake & Parker, who were then proprietors of the Grand Pacific Hotel. 
He began with them as cashier and room clerk, and continued in that 
capacity until they went out of business in 1895. He then became chief 
clerk in the Auditorium Hotel Annex, as it was then known, and so con- 
tinued until 1910. In that year he was assistant manager of the opening 
of the Blaekstone Hotel, with which he remained a year and a half and 
then went to the Congress Hotel as manager. 

Mr. Gores is a member of the Hotel Men's Association, the Greeters 
Club, the Chicago Athletic Club and in politics is an Independent. He 
was married July 18, 1895, to Miss Elise Sievers, who w r as born in 
Chicago. 

F. A. Hildebrand. As furniture dealer and undertaker, Mr. Hil- 
debrand in length of service, is the oldest at Rhinelander, where he has 
been continuously in business since 1889. The town had been in exis- 
tence but a few years when he located here in 1886, and he has been both 
a witness of and a worker for the advancement and welfare of his city. 
Mr. Hildebrand established his present store in 1889. During the first 
three years of his residence in Rhinelander he clerked in several of the 
stores. F. A. Hildebrand was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, June 7, 1858. 
grew up on a farm in Winnebago county, and practically all his educa- 
tion was obtained in the district schools. His father was Joseph Hilde- 
brand, a native of Germany, where he married and early in the forties 
came to America, and located in Wisconsin. He spent all his career as a 
farmer. After his experience as a farm boy, Mr. Hildebrand moved to 
Rhinelander in 1886. A little later he erected his store building on 
South Brown Street, and since then has remodeled and added to the 
building, until it is one of the best in the business district. He now has 
a new frontage of twenty feet, and the depth of the building is one hun- 
dred and thirty feet, on a two hundred foot lot. It is a two-story 
structure. 

In 1886 Mr. Hildebrand married Miss Mary McCabe, of Oshkosh. 
Their five children are Hazel, Eva, John Leo; Francis and Joseph. The 
family are communicants of the Catholic church, and Mr. Hildebrand 
is at the present time serving as treasurer of the local church. 

Edmund D. Minahan. Every profession has its leaders, men who 
either tacitly or openly are recognized by their associates and the peo- 
ple in general as the ablest and most effective workers in their respec- 
tive lines. At Rhinelander in Oneida county, this place of pre-eminence 
is assigned to Edmund D. Minahan, in the profession of law. Mr. 



1086 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Minahan, whose offices are in the Merchants State Bank Building at 
Rhinelander, has practiced law in that city since April 1, 1903, and 
was admitted to the bar in the previous year. All his successes as a law- 
yer have been worthily won, and in many ways he has established him- 
self firmly in the profession in north Wisconsin. 

Edmund D. Minahan is the product of a Wisconsin farm in Calu- 
met county, where he was born September 19, 1867, had an early coun- 
try training, and worked hard both with his hands and his brains to 
perfect himself for the profession of his ambition. His parents were 
Patrick and Elizabeth (Traynor) Minahan, and his father Avas one of 
the early settlers of Wisconsin. Patrick Minahan was a man of superior 
education, and in the early days taught school both in Calumet and 
Sheboygan counties. During the period of the Civil war he enlisted in 
Sheboygan county, and gave the service of a good soldier during the 
war in the Union army. His death occurred in Calumet county in 1907, 
in his seventieth year. 

It was in Calumet county that Edmund D. Minahan spent his early 
years, attended public school there, and after some years of farm and 
other employment he prepared for teaching in the Oshkosh Normal 
school. For several years he was connected with the public schools of 
Calumet county, and then took up the study of law in the University 
of Wisconsin. He was admitted to the bar in 1902, passing highest in 
the bar examination of that year. Soon after locating in Rhinelander, 
Mr. Minahan became associated in practice with Hon. John Barnes, now 
a justice of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin. Mr. Barnes was for many 
years identified with the Oneida county bar, until his elevation to the 
bench. 

Mr. Minahan is now local attorney for the Soo Railroad Company at 
Rhinelander and has a large general practice. He is a bachelor, has no 
fraternal nor religious affiliations, and has not entered actively into 
politics, having devoted himself strenuously and successfully to his 
chosen profession. 

C. A. Wixson. An important local industry in the city of Rhine- 
lander is the Rhinelander Lighting Company, of which C. A. Wixson 
is secretary and treasurer. He is also secretary of the Rhinelander 
Power Company, the offices of both concerns being located in the Rhine- 
lander Lighting Company's building on West Davenport street. Mr. 
Wixson, who has had a long and successful experience in the operation 
of public utility plants, has been secretary and treasurer of the Rhine- 
lander Lighting Company since January 1, 1898. At that date he and 
Mr. E. A. Forbes, now president of the company, bought the plant from 
the old Faust Electric Company, and have since operated the electric 
light and power system of Rhinelander. 

Mr. Wixson, who had spent the greater part of his life in the north- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1087 

em country of Michigan and Wisconsin, was born in Calmar, Iowa. 
February 27, 1872, a son of Joseph T. and July E. (Van Camp) Wix- 
son. His father, who was a photographer by profession, is now deceased, 
while the mother resides with her son, C. A. Wixson. When the latter 
was a child, his parents moved to Michigan, and he spent his boyhood 
days in Grand Haven and Escanaba, attending the public schools in 
both places. Later he advanced bis education by attendance at the 
Lawrence University at Appleton. His early business experience was 
chieflly in northern Michigan, and he had lived at Gladstone, Michigan, 
previous to his removal to Rhinelander. 

On August 21, 1895, in Escanaba, Michigan, occurred the marriage 
of Mr. Wixson to Miss Rosa A. Bishop. They are the parents of three 
children: Marian M., Roselle A., and Maud A. Besides his other business 
interests Mr. Wixson is a director in the First National Bank of Rhine- 
lander. Fraternally he has taken thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite 
Masonry, and is a member of the Mystic Shrine. His other fraternal 
orders are the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, and Knights of the Maccabees, and the Equitable 
Fraternal Union. 

Herman F. Anspach. Representing the staunch German stock that 
has been prominently and worthily concerned in the development and 
upbuilding of Wisconsin, Mr. Anspach has made a fine individual suc- 
cess as a practical business man, and is one of the leading merchants 
of Neenah, Winnebago county. The large department store conducted 
there under his name is a solid monument to an enterprise which began 
when he was a boy, and which has been continued with increasing pros- 
perity up to the present time. 

Herman F. Anspach was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, December 
13, 1861, a son of Nicholas and Philopoena Anspach, both of whom were 
born and reared in Germany. Nicholas Anspach in his native land 
learned the barber's trade. While still young, in 1850, he emigrated 
to America, and for some years lived in Milwaukee. AVhen the son 
Herman was ten years old, the family moved to W T eyauwega in Wau- 
paca county. There Nicholas Anspach had a hotel, saloon and barber 
shop, and developed an interest in other enterprises. He moved to San 
Francisco, California, in 1895, where he followed the barber trade. The 
family consisted of eight sons and one daughter, all of whom were edu- 
cated in the common schools, and all are still living. 

The oldest of the children, Herman F. Anspach., left school in boy- 
hood, and at an early age took up the practical duties of life. His first 
employment was in a hotel known as the Quiet House in Milwaukee, 
this being followed by a clerkship in a music store and a grocery at 
Racine, and after eighteen months he returned to Neenah. In 1879 Mr. 
Anspach began an employment in the mercantile establishment of Alex- 



1088 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ander Billstein at Neenah. For twenty-two years his services were 
devoted to this one firm. Starting in as an untried worker, he soon 
proved his ability, and eventually was entrusted with the chief respon- 
sibilities of management in the business. In 1901 Mr. Anspach bought 
from Mr. Billstein the stock and good will, and continued merchan- 
dising successfully at the old stand until 1910 when the store was 
destroyed by fire. On September 19th of the same year Mr. Anspach 
opened a stock of general merchandise in the old Neenah skating rink, 
inaugurating the business with a fire sale. This great bargain sale con- 
tinued six months, with seventy-two clerks required to meet the demands 
of the trade. Mr. Anspach then installed an entirely new stock of goods 
covering all the various lines handled in the usual department store, 
with the exception of groceries. The business grew by leaps and bounds, 
and enjoyed a continuous growth and prosperity ever since. In the 
fall of 1912, Mr. Anspach removed from the old rink building to a fine 
concrete building, especially erected for his business. The Anspach 
Department Store has ground dimensions of forty-six by one hundred 
and twelve feet, is absolutely fireproof, and three floors are devoted to the 
stock and display of the business. This store is one of the largest of its 
kind in Neenah and vicinity and its patronage is the result of many 
years of continuous dealing with the community, and many people in 
Neenah and vicinity have bought goods from Mr. Anspach through ari 
entire generation. In 1909 the business was incorporated with a capi- 
tal stock of twenty-five thousand dollars, Mr. Anspach being president 
and treasurer, Mrs. H. F. Anspach vice president, and Henry B t Sanda 
secretary. 

Under the headline, "A Model Structure," the Neenah Daily Times 
in November, 1912, described the opening of the Anspach Department 
Store, and the following contains some extracts from that article which 
are deemed worthy of incorporation in this sketch: "On September 19, 
1910, two years and two months ago, the old Kimberley Block, then 
used by the Anspach Department Store, was totally destroyed by fire, 
and today, in its place, Phoenix like, the mammoth building has arisen 
from its ashes as though by magic ; one of the most up-to-date and 
largest department store buildings in Wisconsin, the pride of the city 
and a monument to the energy, business policy and enterprise of the 
popular owner, Herman F. Anspach. With the construction of a fine 
new building, and up-to-date merchandising methods, the firm is bound 
to increase in scope and become a more powerful and altogether more 
important factor in the commercial life of Neenah. The plans as care- 
fully carried out, render the building so constructed as to pattern after 
the latest and most modern department stores of the large cities. Spe- 
cial care has been taken to make the building fireproof and hence it is 
entirely constructed of re-inforced concrete and brick. From the base- 
ment to the roof fireproof construction prevails. 



^-^/M^^1&^<^J\ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1089 

The display windows, all of heavy plate glass, are immense. On 
the Commercial Street side the display windows have a combined length 
of one hundred feet with nine big panes of glass, one for each display 
of goods from each department. In the front there are forty-four feet 
of windows, two large places for display, one on each side of a large 
entrance. 

The Anspach building has three floors devoted to merchandising, the 
main floor and the second floor used for the clothing and carpets and 
house furnishings, while the basement is taken up with hardware and 
other goods, the main floor being reserved for the main department. 

Concerning the career of Mr. Anspach the same paper said in part: 
''Herman F. Anspach, head of the Anspach Department Store Com- 
pany, is regarded as one of the most enterprising business men of the 
state. He first entered the employ of Alex Billstein, a prominent local 
merchant. Later Alex Billstein entered partnership with his son Moses^ 
and the firm was known as the Alex Billstein Company. During the 
time that he was employed by this concern Mr. Anspach acquired a 
knowledge of the business, which was the foundation of what he has 
since developed with remarkable success. It was in 1901 that he pur- 
chased the business of the Alex Billstein Company, which at that time 
occupied the ground floor of the Kimberly Building, which also was the 
old Anspach store. Under Mr. Anspach 's direction the business grew 
yearly, and it was soon found necessary to occupy the entire second 
floor. Mr. Anspach has been on one business corner since 1879, clerking 
for the Billstein Company, later, leasing the property; later buying it, 
making thirty-three years he has been in that location. ' ' 

Mr. Anspach is essentially progressive as a citizen and takes a lively 
interest in all the civic and material welfare of his home city. In poli- 
tics his attitude is independent, and his support is given to candidates 
and measures needing the approval of his judgment, without reference 
to partisan lines. Fraternally his affiliations are with Neenah Lodge 
No. 61 A. F. & A. M. At Weyauwega, Mr. Anspach married Miss Mat- 
tie Bronson. They are the parents of two children : Melvin and Marion 
Anspach. 

General Louis Auer. Large of heart and large of mind, the late 
General Louis Auer gave to his native city of Milwaukee the best of his 
powers in the furtherance of its civic and material prosperity, and his 
activities vitalized all with which they came in contact. He Avon new 
prestige for a name that has been signally honored in the history o\' Mil- 
waukee from the pioneer days, and his achievements were large and defi- 
nite. He became the most extensive exponent of the real estate business 
in Milwaukee and through his large and varied operations in this connec 
tion, he did much to further the upbuilding and attractiveness of the city. 
He was long one of the most prominent and influential figures in the 



1090 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Wisconsin National Guard, in which he advanced to the office of quar- 
termaster general, and he was animated by lofty patriotism and high 
civic ideals. By the very greatness and goodness of his nature he won 
the unqualified esteem of all who knew him and the affectionate regard of 
those who came within the immediate sphere of his influence. His circle 
of friends was coincident with that of his acquaintances and in the Wis- 
consin metropolis few citizens were better known or held in more un- 
qualified popular regard. The entire community manifested its sense of 
personal loss and bereavement when General Auer was summoned to the 
life eternal, on the 15th of February, 1910, and in the community which 
ever represented his home his name and memory shall be revered as long 
as there remain those who knew him or had cognizance of his genial, 
whole-souled, generous and unselfish character. 

General Auer was born in Milwaukee on the 3d of October, 1857, and 
thus he was fifty-two years of age at the time when he passed from the 
stage of life's mortal endeavors. He was accorded excellent educational 
advantages in his youth and became a man of broad mental ken and well 
fortified opinions. Prior to entering upon details concerning his business 
career it may be noted that from the time when, as a young man, he 
became identified with the state militia, as a member of the Light Horse 
Squadron, until his death General Auer continued to take a most vital 
interest in the affairs of the Wisconsin National Guard, to the upbuilding 
and advancement of which he contributed much and in the affairs of 
which he was an honored and influential figure. In 1880, he became a 
member of the Light Horse Squadron, now known as Troop A of the 
Wisconsin National Guard, and in this gallant military body he rose 
to the rank of first lieutenant under Captain George Schoeffel. This 
command gained reputation as one of the finest volunteer cavalry organ- 
izations in the country, and this absolute priority was won not less 
through the means of competitive contests than by reason of the ad- 
mirable personnel of its members. In 1886, Lieutenant Auer was pro- 
moted to the rank of major and placed in command of the four regi- 
ments known as the Fourth Battalion and later incorporated in the 
First Wisconsin Infantry. He later became colonel of his command 
and he retained this rank until the election of Hon. Geo. W. Peck 
to the position of governor of the state, when Colonel Auer was 
appointed by the governor to the position of quartermaster general 
of the Wisconsin National Guard, an incumbency which he held until 
the close of Governor Peck's term, in January, 1895. After his retire- 
ment from office General Auer did not abate his interest in the Wis- 
consin National Guard, and in its history his name has a conspicuous 
and honored place. 

As a youth General Auer initiated his active association with busi- 
ness affairs, by identifying himself with the real estate and insurance 
enterprise that had been founded by his father in 1864. In 1877 he 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1091 

was admitted to partnership in the business, under the title of Louis 
Auer & Son, and he was twenty years of age at the time when this al- 
liance was formed. After the death of his honored father he continued 
the business under the original firm name noted, and concerning his 
active and important operations in the field of enterprise the following 
pertinent record has been given and is worthy of perpetuation in this 
connection, with but slight paraphrase : 

"Through his untiring energy, wide acquaintance and popularity 
with all classes, General Auer built up a large and productive business. 
One year ago he displayed an interesting phase of his character. He 
caused to be erected an apartment building which has come to be known 
as the 'Baby Flats.' He had heard of the difficulty experienced by fam- 
ilies with children in securing quarters in modern apartment houses. He 
determined to start a new order of things by offering his tenants a bonus, 
in the form of a month's rent, for every baby born in his buildings. He 
became famous for his attitude on the baby question and there are today 
in Milwaukee not a few children whose advent was a source of some 
pecuniary profit. 

"General Auer was the most extensive real estate operator in Mil- 
waukee and was a valued member of the Milwaukee Real Estate Board, 
by which his advice could always be safely and profitably followed. In 
addition to all of the buildings in the block bounded by State, Four- 
teenth, Prairie and Fifteenth streets, General Auer was the owner 
of about fifty other buildings, designed for residential purposes. The 
Auditorium Court, which was in process of erection at the corner 
of Ninth and State streets at the time of his death, he expected to 
represent the highest fulfillment of his experience in the* construc- 
tion of apartment buildings, and it contains one hundred and forty- 
five apartments, with front and rear courts and entirely without air 
shafts, every room having light and fresh air facilities. General 
Auer expected the Auditorium Court to be the last building he 
would construct and this it proved. Following its completion he con- 
templated retirement from active business. * The Stuart and Eliza- 
beth flats, on Fourteenth street, between State and Prairie streets, 
gave General Auer a reputation that far transcended the limitations of 
his native state and brought to him the sobriquet of 'The Baby Plat 
Landlord.' In these flats no expense was spared ir making the tloors 
as noiseless as possible and to provide playgrounds, courts and every 
other possible facility favorable for the rearing of children. In writing 
to one of his tenants and granting a month's rem free because el' the 
arrival of a baby, General Auer wrote as follows: 'I should like a picture 
of the little one for our album. "Babies of Auer Court." Believe me. 
Yours for the Babies.' Persons who entered the office of General Auer 
with the expectation of gaining special concessions because they had no 
children, always found disappointment. He frequently expressed his 



1092 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

opposition to race suicide and this quotation was made of his statement 
to the effect that there should be from five to seven children in every 
family." 

The highest estimate was placed upon General Auer in his connection 
with both social and public affairs, and, notwithstanding the manifold 
cares and exactions of business, he always found time and opportunity, 
especially in the days of his bachelorhood, for entertaining friends at his 
"shack," which he had built on the shores of Pewaukee lake and which 
later developed into the summer home of the family, the while it con- 
tinued a center of most gracious hospitality, even as has the beautiful 
home in Milwaukee, with Mrs. Auer as its charming and popular chate- 
laine. At the "shack" the General delighted to surround himself with 
friends and to engage in boating, sailing, fishing and other wholesome 
outdoor sports, of which he was especially fond, and where he was al- 
ways surrounded by a kennel of the best hunting dogs of various blood, 
having always twenty or more in his kennel. At his ' ' shack ' ' there was 
always a hearty welcome for any friend, whether he came early or late. 
One of General Auer's passions was hunting, a sport in which his wife 
was his constant companion during the last eight years of his life. His 
"shack" was covered on the interior with trophies of his success in the 
northern woods and out in the west, His collection of firearms was large 
and select and included weapons of use in the hunting of every sort of 
wild animal and game. Many were the good and wholesome stories told 
at the house parties at the "shack" where, with a genial company, Gen- 
eral Auer presided as host, indefatigable in his efforts to make each 
guest enjoy himself to the utmost. It was here before the big fireplace 
that Eugene Field, Horace Fletcher and Julian Ralph spent many a 
happy hour and night exchanging impossible fish stories. It was a 
distinctive pleasure to him that he w T as thus able to dispense an unlim- 
ited hospitality, and he was at his best on such occasions. The Milwau- 
kee Press Club has reason to hold General Auer high in its remem- 
brance, for the occasions when he insisted on the club coming out to 
'his summer home for its* annual outings. The memory of those days 
lingers still in the minds of those who were given the privilege of 
becoming the guests of General Auer under such beatific conditions. 

He to whom this memoir is dedicated was insistently loyal and pub- 
lic-spirited, and his noble qualities of mind and heart found exemplifica- 
tion in all of the relations of life. Though not animated with desire for 
public office he was ever willing to give ready co-operation in the support 
of measures and enterprises projected for the good of his home city and 
state and his political allegiance was accorded to the Democratic party. 
When the original decisive action was taken for the improving and ex- 
tending of the public park system of Milwaukee General Auer was ap- 
pointed a member of the first board of park commissioners, of which 
body he served for a time as secretary, the late Christian Wah. the late 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1093 

John Bentley, and Calvin E. Lewis and Charles Manegold, Jr., having 
been members of the board at that time. After giving seven years to 
earnest and effective service as a member of this department of the mu- 
nicipal government General Auer retired from office. He was a zealous 
worker in connection with every worthy civic movement and assumed 
many heavy responsibilities in this connection, including the organiza- 
tion and management of civic and industrial parades pertinent to public 
celebrations. He brought to bear the same vitality and enthusiasm that 
characterized him in business and social life, and his last appearance as 
marshal of a great civic and military parade was on the occasion of a 
notable homecoming celebration in Milwaukee. He was a citizen-soldier 
and a genial host. Few citizens of Milwaukee were better known, had 
done more for the city or were more uniformly popular than this kindly 
and noble man, and concerning him and his attitude the following 
pertinent statements have been made : 

"For a quarter of a century there was not a movement of any 
civic importance and having for. its object the advancement of Mil- 
waukee which he did not support heart and soul, giving his time and 
energy freely and gladly to promote its success. General Auer's creed 
was 'Milwaukee first.' He did not approve of buying outside of his 
native city anything that could be purchased or manufactured here. 
No matter what it was, he always bought it in Milwaukee rather than 
in Chicago or New York, and this loyal and progressive policy he 
urged upon others, in season and out. Though essentially liberal, 
General Auer preferred to dispense his charities and benevolences in 
a private way rather than to avoid this responsibility by giving dona- 
tions to institutions or organized charities. He was mindful of the 
poor and needy and 'Remembered those who were forgotten.' On 
many an occasion he left his desk at the appeal of some poor unfortu- 
nate, whom he aided in securing food, or work or other needed sup- 
port and encouragement, his heart being ever attuned to sympathy 
and this being manifested in a direct and practical way, without osten- 
tation and with no thought that he was doing other than his simple 
duty. By his example, advice, moral support and financial aid he 
did much for others, and his memory is revered by many whom he 
thus aided. At one time General Auer belonged to all of the repre- 
sentative clubs in Milwaukee but after his marriage his interests cen- 
tered in his home, the associations and relations of which were of the 
ideal order. At the time of his death he held membership in Mil- 
waukee Lodge, No. 46, Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks. The 
Milwaukee Press Club and the Diana Club, of Horicon. His death 
occurred only a few days prior to the fifteenth anniversary of his 
marriage, and, attended by a vast concourse of sorrowing friends, his 
remains were borne to their last resting place, in beautiful Calvary 
cemetery.* ' 



1094 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

In New York city, at 137 Fifty-fifth street, on the 26th of February, 
1895, was solemnized the marriage of General Auer to Miss Jane Hola- 
han, a woman of culture and most gracious personality. Mrs. Auer 
has attained to much distinction in the theatrical profession, under 
the stage name of Jane Stuart, and she was playing a leading part 
in the company of Richard Mansfield until a short time prior to her 
marriage. She is a daughter of the late Hon. Maurice F. Holahan, 
for a number of years President of the board of Public Improvement 
of New York city and her veneral mother now resides with her in 
the attractive home in Milwaukee, Mrs. Auer having been a valued 
factor in the social activities of this city from the time of her mar- 
riage to the present. The wedding of General and Mrs. Auer was 
one of the brilliant affairs of the season in the national metropolis and 
was attended by about four hundred of the friends of the contracting 
parties. The gathering included prominent members of both political 
parties, including leading officials connected with the national, state 
and municipal government, members of various business exchanges, 
and representatives of the press, the medical, legal, theatrical and 
other professions. Letters of congratulation were received from Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Cleveland, Secretary of War Lamont, Senator Murphy 
of New York, and prominent members of congress. The bride received 
a most cordial reception in Milwaukee and the city is now endeared 
to her by many hallowed memories and associations. Her pleasant 
home is at 283 Tenth street, where she resides with her two children, 
Elizabeth and Stuart. The eldest son, Louis, was killed by a falling 
tree at their country home at the age of six and one-half years; two 
other children, Angela and Frank died in infancy. 

Hon. Henry Allen Cooper. By his re-election in the November 
elections of 1912 as representative in congress from the First District, 
Henry Allen Cooper enters upon his eleventh consecutive term as a 
member of the national house of representatives. His twenty years of 
active service in Congress have been distinguished by a high order of 
ability and statesmanlike judgment and his record has been marked by 
disinterested work for the nation and for his constituents and state. 
Mr. Cooper is by profession a lawyer, having been a member of the 
Racine county bar for more than thirty years. Henry Allen Cooper, 
who was born in Walworth county, Wisconsin, September 8, 1850, is 
a representative of one of the early families of this county. His father 
was Dr. Joel H. Cooper, of Burlington, Wisconsin. In the sketch of Dr. 
Cooper, to be found elsewhere in this work, are given the many inter- 
esting details concerning the family history during its long association 
with Racine county. 

Mr. Cooper, who was the only son in a family of six children, 
enjoyed fine educational advantages and was well fitted for success, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1095 

whether in business or in professional life. After completing his course 
in the high school at Burlington, he entered the Northwestern Univer- 
sity at Evanston, Illinois, where he was graduated in 1873. His ambi- 
tions having already included the law as his profession, he entered the 
Union College of Law at Chicago where he was graduated LL. B. in 
1875. On his admission to the bar in that year until 1879, he acquired 
practical experience in connection with several law offices of Chicago. 
In the latter year he entered a partnership with the late Judge C. A. 
Brownson, at Burlington, where he may be said to have actually com- 
menced his professional career. The following year, 1880, he was elected 
district attorney of Racine county, and since that year his home has 
been in Racine. He was twice re-elected district attorney without oppo- 
sition. In 1884 he was a delegate to the National Republican Conven- 
tion in Chicago. He was elected to the state senate in 1886 and was the 
author of the law which first established the Australian ballot system 
in Wisconsin. In 1892 he came prominently before his party as its 
choice for the nomination for Congress, and he made a successful cam- 
paign was and was first elected to Congress in the general election of that 
year. Since that year every successive two years the First district has 
shown a desire to have Mr. Cooper as their representative, and his work 
in Congress has been so consistently in the interests of the national and 
local welfare that there has never been any hesitation about his re-elec- 
tion, even in times when the success of his party over the state at large 
has been doubtful. In 1908 he was a delegate at large from the state 
to the National Republican Convention at Chicago. During 1886-7 Mr. 
Cooper was a member of the Board of Education in Racine and so far 
as his duties as a national legislator have permitted, has actively iden- 
tified himself with the local welfare. 

Dr. I. D. Steffen. One of the representative citizens of Antigo and 
one who has taken a foremost place in the civic and social life of the city, 
as well as gaining prominence in his profession and in financial circles 
as well, is Dr. I. D. Steffen, practicing physician of this city since 1887 
and vice president of the Langlade National Bank of Antigo. Dr. Stef- 
fen came here fresh from his studies, having been graduated from Rush 
Medical College in Chicago in February. 1887, and so well has he pros- 
pered that from the beginning Antigo has held him. His connection 
with the Langlade National Bank began in 1901, first as a member of 
the directorate of the bank, and in about 1907 he was elected vice 
president. Prior to that, however, he had been a director and vice presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Antigo, so that his connection with 
banks and banking is one of long standing, and he is well versed in 
finance and kindred subjects. 

Dr. Steffen was born at Hortonville, Outagamie county. Wisconsin, 
on December 17, 1855, and is a son of John and Applonia (Starke Stef- 



1096 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

fen, who came to Wisconsin from New York state in the spring of 1855. 
They were farming people, and Dr. Steffen was raised on the home farm, 
attending the country schools as a boy, and then entering Lawrence 
University, and graduating from that institution in 1879. Following 
that training he taught for four years in Hortonville, Wisconsin. Dur- 
ing that time he was giving some attention to the study of medicine 
with Dr. Hardacker of Hortonville, and he was able to save enough 
money from his four years of teaching to put him through Rush Medical 
College. In 1900 Dr. Steffen took a post graduate course in surgery and 
medicine in the New York Post Graduate Medical School & Hospital, 
in New York City, and he has in other ways prosecuted his studies, 
keeping well abreast of the times in the advance of his profession, so 
that his reputation has been enhanced with every passing year. 

In 1884 Dr. Steffen was married to Miss Effie L. Nye of Horton- 
ville, Wisconsin, and to them have been born five children, named as 
follows: Bernice E.; Dr. Lyman A., who was graduated in medicine 
from Rush Medical College on June 10, 1912, and who is now engaged 
in practice in Virginia, Minnesota, but who is about to relinquish his 
practice there and join his father in the profession in Antigo; Glyndon 
F. ; Margaret; and Richard D. Steffen. 

Dr. Steffen has performed praiseworthy service for Antigo in the 
mayor's chair, serving on three different occasions, — first in 1890, in 
1899 and in 1900. He is a member of the Langlade County Medical 
Society, the Wisconsin State Medical Society and the American Medical 
Association, as well as the American Association of Railway Surgeons. 
He has been surgeon for the C. & N. W. Railroad for the past twenty- 
one years, and is a member of the staff of the Antigo Hospital. In 
fraternal circles he has membership in the Masons, and has served sev- 
eral years as Master of the Blue Lodge, and in the Chapter he is now 
High Priest. He is also a member of the Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He is one of the prominent men of the 
city and with his family enjoys the high regard of the representative 
people of the community. 

William Eibel. Lumber is not the only product that comes from 
the industrial center of Rhinelander. For a number of years the wood 
pulp paper manufacturing has been growing in importance in northern 
Wisconsin, and probably the largest single enterprise of Oneida county 
is the Rhinelander Paper Company, which is one of the largest and 
most modern paper mills in the entire state of Wisconsin. At the head 
of this company, in the capacity of general manager, is a young man 
who has been experienced and has become expert in every department 
of paper manufacture, and is one of the ablest men in the business. 

Mr. William Eibel has been identified with the paper mill at Rhine- 
lander since 1904, having come here a few months after the mill was' 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1097 

opened as its superintendent and two years later was promoted to his 
present responsible post as general manager. William Eibel was born 
in Macgregor, Iowa, July 15, 1873, a son of William Eibel. When he 
was about six years old the family moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
where the son was reared and educated. In 1892 at the age of nineteen, 
he was given employment by Mr. A. M. Pride, in the latter 's paper mills 
at Tomahawk, in Lincoln county, Wisconsin, Mr. Pride had established 
the mill in Tomahawk in 1890, and Mr. Eibel entered in a subordinate 
capacity, having practically no experience in that industry at the time. 
He proved diligent and an ambitious employe, interested himself in every 
phase of the business and from one position to another he continued to 
work and be promoted until the master of every branch of paper man- 
ufacture. He continued with the mill at Tomahawk until 1894, when he 
moved to Rhinelander, where his services as manager and superinten- 
dent have been an important factor in making the Rhinelander paper 
mills one of the most profitable industries of Oneida county. The com- 
pany employ in the mill from two hundred and fifty to three hundred 
men, and the equipment of the plant is not excelled by any' of the sim- 
ilar mills along the Wisconsin River. The officers of the Rhinelander 
Paper Company are Mr. A. W. Brown, president; Mr. A. D. Daniels, 
vice president; and Paul Browne, secretary. 

In Tomahawk, Wisconsin, in 1905, Mr. Eibel married Miss Ruby 
Brower. They have one son, Donald Eibel. 

Clarence J. TeSelle. One of the coming members of the legal 
profession in Langlade county is undeniably Clarence J. TeSelle, dis- 
trict attorney for the county, and junior member of the well known 
law firm of Hay & TeSelle of which Henry Hay. whom Mr. TeSelle 
succeeded in the office mentioned, is the other and senior member. Mr. 
TeSelle was elected in the Autumn of 1912 on the Democratic ticket, 
and thus far his service has been marked by ample evidence of superior 
ability and a fine sense of public duty. A resident of Antigo only since 
April, 1912, he had but recently located here when his nomination and 
election to his office came, and the confidence that the public manifested 
in him, taking him at his face value, has already been justified in no 
uncertain terms. 

Born at Sheboygan Palls, Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, on August 
7, 1887, Mr. TeSelle is one of the youngest, if not. indeed, the youngest 
district attorney serving in Wisconsin. He is a son of John and Cather- 
ine (Wismer) TeSelle. The father was born in Sheboygan Falls. She- 
boygan county, Wisconsin, as was also his father, the grandfather o\' the 
subject, who was named John TeSelle, and it is thus established that the 
family was among the earliest pioneer families to locate in Sheboygan 
county. For many years John TeSelle. father of the subject, was occu- 
pied as a manufacturer of wagons, and he was a member of the director- 



1098 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ate of one of the leading banks of the county. He died in the town 
where he was born and where he had spent his entire life in the year 
1898. The mother still resides there. 

Clarence TeSelle was reared in Sheboygan Falls, and there was 
given the advantages of the public school training, finishing the curric- 
ulum of the high school in 1905. In the fall of that year he entered the 
University of Wisconsin at Madison, and in 1909 was duly graduated 
with the degree of A. B. In 1911 he was graduated from the law depart- 
ment of the University, when he received his B. L. degree, and the 
remainder of that year the young man spent in traveling throughout 
the west and south, looking out a -location that he deemed especially 
advantageous. The outcome of his search was that he returned to Wis- 
consin and settled in Antigo early in 1912, with what success and 
advancement in his work has already been noted. 

Mr. TeSelle has identified himself with other interests in Antigo and 
as a stockholder of the Langlade Land & Loan Company is a member of 
its directorate. The law firm with which he is identified conducts a 
general practice, and its members are recognized as being among the 
leading attorneys of the city and county. Mr. TeSelle takes his proper 
place among the public spirited and progressive citizens of the com- 
munity, and as such is warmly regarded by the representative people 
of the city. 

John Plankinton. In studying a clean-cut, distinct character like 
that of the late John Plankinton, who was with all consistency termed 
Milwaukee's foremost citizen, there is slight need for indirection or 
puzzling, for interpretation follows fact in a straight line of deriva- 
tion. His character was the positive expression of a strong and noble 
nature and he was honored of men by very reason of his worth of 
character as well as on account of his magnificent achievements as 
one of the constructive workers of the world. His name looms large 
in connection with the civic, industrial and commercial development 
and upbuilding of Milwaukee and the state of Wisconsin, and in a 
work of the province assigned to the one at hand it is a matter of 
imperative historical demand that within its pages be given an out- 
line of his career and a tribute to his memory. He established his 
home in Milwaukee about four years prior to the admission of Wis- 
consin to statehood, and here his life was marked by splendid achieve- 
ment in the upbuilding of the city and state, the while his course was 
guided and governed by the highest personal integrity and honor. 
His career illustrated in a very marked degree the power of concen- 
trating the resources of the entire man and lifting them into the 
sphere of high accomplishment; of supplementing brilliant natural 
endowments by close application, tenacity of purpose and broad and 
liberal views. He made of success not an accident but a logical result, 





s&-?v> y<£f^ s?/'.^ 



'£m^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1099 

and his name shall have enduring place on the roster of the honored 
pioneers and distinguished citizens of the Badger state. 

John Plankinton was born in Delaware county, Pennsylvania, on 
the 11th of March, 1820, and he was a scion of one of the sterling 
pioneer families of the historic old Keystone commonwealth. When 
he was twelve years of age the family removed to the city of Pitts- 
burgh, and there he gained the major part of his early education in 
the common schools. There he was reared to manhood and there his 
marriage was solemnized. In 1844, when twenty-four years of age, he 
came with his young wife and their one child, to Wisconsin and estab- 
lished his home in Milwaukee, where it had been his intention to 
engage in business in partnership with another Pittsburgh young man 
who had already located in the embryonic metropolis. When he 
arrived he found that his prospective associate had made other arrange- 
ments, and, under these conditions he manifested the initiative, self- 
reliance and fertility in expedients that so definitely marked his 
entire business career, for he was soon found numbered among the 
merchants of the thriving little western city. Here he invested his 
small capital of four hundred dollars in a meat market, and through 
his energy and fair dealings he soon built up a prosperous enterprise, 
based upon the unqualified popular confidence and esteem which he 
soon gained to himself in the community. Within a remarkably brief 
period he was conducting the leading market of the town, and that 
his success was distinctive is shown by the fact that his transactions 
for the first year represented an aggregate of twelve thousand 
dollars. 

In 1848 Mr. Plankinton witnessed with marked satisfaction the ad- 
mission of Wisconsin one of the sovereign states of the Union, and in 
all the years of his future activities here he kept in touch with and 
was a leader in civic and industrial development and advancement. 
In 1850 Mr. Plankinton entered into partnership with Frederick Lay- 
ton and in addition to continuing in the retail meat trade they initiated 
operations in the packing of pork for the outside markets. The firm 
of Plankinton & Layton continued operations until 1861. and at the 
time of the dissolution of the partnership the concern conducted the 
largest packing-house business in the entire west, Chicago at that 
time having no similar enterprise of comparable extent and facilities. 
In 1864 Mr. Plankinton formed a partnership with the Late Philip D. 
Armour, under the firm name of Plankinton & Armour, and they 
built up a business of enormous volume, as gauged by the standards 
of the day. They not only continued in the packing business al Mil- 
waukee but also organized and established the large packing houses 
in Chicago and Kansas City, besides founding the extensive meat 
exporting house of Armour, Plankinton & Company in New York city. 
It was in association with Mr. Plankinton that Mr. Armour laid the 



1100 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

foundation for his immense fortune and the basis of the great pack- 
ing industry which has made his name known throughout the civilized 
world. 

Mr. Plankinton continued in the active control and supervision of 
his gigantic business interests, which in the meanwhile had become 
varied, until 1889, when impaired health compelled him to relax his 
more onerous duties, and he thereafter lived virtually retired until 
his death, which occurred in Milwaukee on the 29th of March, 1891. 
Within the intervening two years he had traveled extensively through 
the west and passed considerable time in California, in the hope of 
recuperating his physical energies. The perspective of years and the 
comparison suggested by the bearing of many of the leading capital- 
ists of the present day, tend to give emphasis and distinction to the 
unassuming and sterling character of John Plankinton, for the man 
was ever greater than his temporal success, great though it was, and 
he manifested a high sense of stewardship, besides retaining to the 
last his steadfast integrity of purpose, his sincerity, honesty and unas- 
suming demeanor. He coveted success but scorned to gain it save 
by worthy means ; and his powers were such that he became one of 
the leading capitalists of the west, the while he ever commanded the 
respect of all classes and conditions of men, as he placed true values 
upon his fellow men and had naught of bigotry or intolerance. It 
is scarcely necessary to say that he possessed splendid business acumen 
and mature judgment, or that his constructive and administrative 
abilities were of the highest order. As indicative of his fine executive 
powers may be given the following brief statements. When, in 1874, 
the fortunes of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company 
were at low ebb, Mr. Plankinton proposed to Hon. Alexander Mitchell, 
another of the leading capitalists of Wisconsin, that they purchase 
all of the capital stock of the road. Mr. Michell failed to manifest 
equal prescience as to results and the deal was not consummated. 
Had it been carried through as suggested by Mr. Plankinton it would 
have brought to him and Mr. Mitchell enormous wealth, as future 
developments fully proved. Mr. Plankinton later became a member 
of the directorate of this railroad company, and upon the death of its 
president, Alexander Mitchell, he was prominently mentioned as the 
latter 's successor. 

The life of Mr. Plankinton was one of signal cleanness in thought, 
word and deed, and he was intrinsically generous, considerate and 
kindly, with naught of the pretentious arrogance assumed by many 
of the multi-millionaires of the nation at that time, and the present. 
He manifested an almost paternal interest in those in his employ, and 
although he employed thousands of men he never had a strike among 
them. He was easily accessible to any man who had a grievance and 
was patient and judicious, in the adjustment of such cases. He was 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1101 

the chief pillar of Cavalry Presbyterian church, in Milwaukee, and 
was a regular attendant of the same during the long years of his resi- 
dence in the city. He was tolerant in his religious views, as in other 
relations of life, and was ever ready to lend a liberal support to other 
denominations than that with which he was personally identified. 

Difficult would it prove to attempt to enumerate within the com- 
pass of one brief article the manifold ways in which Mr. Plankinton 
contributed to the progress and prosperity of Milwaukee, but it may 
consistently be said that no other one man has done so much for the 
general benefit of the Wisconsin metropolis. He was among the earli- 
est members of the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce and served as 
its president in 1865. He became one of the city's most extensive 
holders of real estate, much of which he improved with buildings of 
the best type and in advance of conditions and demands then existing. 
In this way he showed his unwavering confidence in the city's future 
and he thus led the march of advancement with sure and unfaltering 
steps. He erected in the city many large and substantial business 
buildings, among which is the Plankinton Hotel, which was the first 
modern hotel building in the city and which has long held a national 
reputation. It is interesting to note that this building is to be razed 
and a new one of the finest modern type is to be erected on the site, 
the work being initiated in the spring of 1913. The new structure 
will continue to be known as the Plankinton and will be equipped for 
hotel purposes. This improvement is along the line which Mr. Plankin- 
ton himself would have undoubtedly followed had he lived to discern 
present needs and conditions, and it is pleasing to note that so note- 
worthy and improvement is to be made by the Plankinton estate. 

Mr. Plankinton was the virtual founder of the Milwaukee Exposi- 
tion building, and did much to make the annual expositions in the 
same a success, as a vehicle for exploiting the advantages, resources 
and industrial and commercial prestige of Milwaukee and the state at 
large. During a period of twenty years this exposition building drew 
thousands of visitors each year from all sections of Wisconsin, as 
well as many from neighboring states. In this connection it may be 
stated that when the work of constructing the huge exposition build- 
ing had made excellent .advancement, the available funds became 
exhausted and the work came to a standstill. This was in the month 
of July and the exposition was advertised to open in September. 
Under these exigent conditions Mr. Plankinton drew to the order of 
the treasurer of the exposition corporation his personal check for 
seventy thousand dollars, and it was through his generosity in this 
way that it was made possible to complete the building and to open 
the exposition on the 1st of September, as had been promised. 

The following estimate is well worthy of reproduction in this con- 



1102 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

nection, and in quoting from the original article only slight paraphrase 
is indulged: 

"Mr. Plankinton was one of those rare men in whom high mental 
gifts were united with magnificent physical proportions. He stood 
six feet two inches in height, straight as an arrow, with not a super- 
fluous pound of flesh. A most expressive and kindly face;' always 
clean shaved, with keen blue eyes, animated at times with a light of 
beaming humor, he was a man of striking personality and one whose 
fine bearing invariably attracted attention when he passed by, his 
very appearance commanding the attention of those unknown to him 
and to whom he was, perhaps, not known. The funeral of Mr. Plank- 
inton was a public demonstration in which all classes of citizens took 
part, and on this occasion was shown in a most significant way the 
love and esteem in which he was held in his home city. The funeral 
was held on the 1st of April, 1891, and an entire community mourned. 
The remains of the distinguished citizen were laid to rest in Forest 
Home cemetery. Many were the words of honor and praise spoken 
over the bier of the deceased, and the city united in paying a last 
tribute to one who had richly merited the success which was his, and 
also the unqualified confidence and esteem which were accorded to 
him." 

One familiar with the various stages in the career of Mr. Plankin- 
ton has given the following admirable estimate: 

"Almost half a century ago, when our town was a mere spot on 
Lake Michigan's shore, there came here from the land of William 
Penn a young man of clear Quaker lineage, and fortified with a capital 
comprising four hundred dollars and a character rich and pure as a 
mine of virgin gold. That young Pittsburgh merchant has just passed 
from us, amid a feeling of grief more deep and general than has ever 
before moved our people. It could be no ordinary character which 
has so deeply impressed itself in the public mind, nor could it be an 
ordinary capability that raised unaided this almost penniless young 
man to the highest pinnacle of mercantile prosperity and fame. Not 
only in the home of his choice and of his life, not alone through the 
length and breadth of our own land, but also in every mercantile center 
of Europe John Plankinton 's name has stood for all there is of truth- 
fulness, honor and integrity among men. His name was a tower of 
trust to the mercantile world around which almost illimitable con- 
fidence centered. Upon his bare word he could, in a day, get double 
the amount of his wealth, whether in America or Europe. No per- 
son who knew him ever doubted his word. His most marked traits 
of character were integrity, truthfulness and self-reliance. Demo- 
cratic in every fiber, he was essentially a man of the people, and a 
person not knowing him might talk with him for hours and then 
depart with no thought that he was a man of wealth. Easy of approach 





J^C6^^^ ^5~~/£lZ5^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1103 

and prudent of counsel, his opinions on business matters were often 
sought and always carefully given. He had a deep and true appre- 
ciation of the dignity of labor, and always maintained that our coun- 
try's prosperity rested on the steady and well directed employment of 
our workingmen. No young man of the right stamp ever appealed 
to him in vain for assistance, his motto being that every young man 
who desired to work and to be useful ought to be encouraged and 
assisted. He was always proud of any of his own men who progressed 
in the world, and he never failed to encourage such persons, even by 
definite and liberal pecuniary aid. So marked was this characteristic 
in him that it became a proverb that 'John Plankinton was a lucky 
man to work for.' It was neither luck nor chance but a deep sense 
of appreciation on the part of a true and noble man. The genuine 
simplicity of this great man's character makes it more difficult of 
analysis, and it may be said that those whom he met or passed every 
day knew almost as much about him as those with whom he was 
intimately associated, so simple and candid was his nature and" so 
entirely free from complexity his character. A man of the highest 
principles and ideals, of clear brain and of broad and comprehensive 
sweep of mind, public-spirited in a marked degree, kind and consid- 
erate to those about him, John Plankinton will need neither bronze 
statute, or marble bust, to preserve his memory in the city which owes 
so much of its prosperity to him. ' ' 

In 1840 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Plankinton to Miss 
Elizabeth Bracken, who was born in the state of Delaware" and who 
was summoned to the life eternal in 1872. Of the issue of this mar- 
riage three children outlived infancy — William, Elizabeth and Hanna. 
William, of whom a special biography will be found on another page, 
being now dead, leaves Elizabeth the only living member of the 
original family. 

Miss Plankinton, who resides much of her time abroad, closely 
resembles her venerated sire in temperament and personal looks. She 
has endeared herself to the citizens of Milwaukee, her native city, 
both by reason of her gracious personality, and her many public 
benefactions, prominent among which are the Home for Working 
Girls, on the East side of the city, and the fine Washington monument 
on Grand avenue. 

On the 17th day of March, 1874, Mr. Plankinton was married a 
second time, the bride being Miss Annie Bradford, a descendant of 
Governor Bradford of the old Plymouth Colony, a most estimable 
woman in every respect. There was no issue of this marriage. Mrs. 
Plankinton outlived her illustrious husband almost ten years. 

William Plankinton. A resident of Milwaukee from the time of 
his infancy until his death, William Plankinton here upheld most 
effectively the prestige of a name that has been significantly promi- 



1104 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

nent and distinguished in connection with the history of Wisconsin. 
He was a son of John Plankinton, pioneer of Wisconsin, where he 
established his home prior to the admission of the state to the Union; 
and a man whose influence permeated and vitalized the civic and 
industrial development and upbuilding of the city of Milwaukee and 
also of the state at large. John Plankinton was one of the most hon- 
ored and influential citizens and most substantial capitalists of Wis- 
consin, to whom a special memoir is dedicated on other pages of this 
work, so that further review of the family history is not demanded 
in the sketch here presented. 

William Plankinton was born at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, on the 
7th day of November, 1844, and was one of five children of John and 
Elizabeth (Bracken) Plankinton. He was the elder of the two chil- 
dren who attained to years of maturity; and his sister, Elizabeth, is 
the only surviving representative of the immediate family. William 
Plankinton was an infant at the time of his parents' removal to 
Wisconsin. He was reared to maturity in Milwaukee, and his early 
educational advantages were those afforded in the common schools of 
the pioneer city. He also pursued a course of higher academic study 
in "Milwaukee College." 

From his youth he was closely associated with his father's large 
business, in which he became a partner at a very early age. He 
proved a most able coadjutor of his honored father, their lives being 
so close that the memoir of the father- gives ample data concerning 
their more important business relations. 

William Plankinton early manifested those sterling traits of char- 
acter that so signally marked his illustrious father, and upon the lat- 
ter 's death he was well fortified for the carrying forward of the mani- 
fold enterprises of the great Plankinton estate. He showed distinc- 
tive judgment and facility in the projecting of new enterprises, and in 
making proper use of the vast capitalistic resources at his command. 
He organized and owned the extensive business conducted under the 
title of the Western Portland Cement Company, at Yankton, South 
Dakota. He also effected the organization of the Johnson Electric 
Service Company, which now controls one of the largest and most 
important industrial enterprises in the United States. He also founded 
the Plankinton Electric Light & Power Company, a corporation doing 
a very large business. 

Upon the death of his father, on the 29th of March, 1891, William 
Plankinton assumed the active management of the vast estate, as 
trustee. Upon the death of Mrs. John Plankinton in 1901 he became 
the sole trustee of the estate, under the provisions of his father's will. 
The Plankinton estate is one of the largest in Wisconsin, its absolute 
valuation not being known, and authoritative dictum is to the effect 
that no estate in Wisconsin has been more carefully and effectively 

f 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1105 

managed. William Plankinton continued to be actively associated 
with the management of the Plankinton meat packing business until 
the death of his father in 1891. He soon afterward, owing to the 
exigent demands placed upon him in the general administration of 
the estate, leased the large packing plant. 

He was for many years president and director of Johnson Electric 
Service Company, previously mentioned, and he was a director of 
the Milwaukee Cement Company, another large industrial institution. 
He was a member of the directorate of the Fuller-Warren Company 
engaged in the foundry and stove business in Milwaukee ; and was 
a valued trustee of the Layton Art Gallery, the Milwaukee Public 
library, and the Milwaukee Museum. He also gave effective service as 
a director of the Milwaukee Industrial Exposition Association, and 
his labors in each of these connections were far from being perfunctory, 
as he was essentially and insistently liberal, loyal and progressive as a 
citizen, with deep appreciation of the city in which he passed his 
entire life ; and for the furtherance of whose welfare and progress 
he contributed in most generous measure. He was one of the founders 
of Calvary Presbyterian church, of which both he and his wife were 
most zealous members, and of which he was one of the three original 
trustees. Mr. Plankinton was a man of fine social instincts, and of 
most genial and gracious personality. A character ever compelling 
respect, he won friends in all classes, his attitude having ever been 
thoroughly democratic, as was that of his father. He was a Repub- 
lican in his political allegiance. He was identified with the Milwaukee 
Club, and the Old Settler's Club. One of the strong characteristics of 
Mr. Plankinton as touching the practical affairs of life, was his implac- 
able antipathy to speculative business of any order. It is main- 
tained by those most familiar with his character and career, that at 
no time did he ever permit himself to become in any way concerned 
in grain or stock speculations; nor would he permit such indulgence 
on the part of those in his employ, or associated with him in semi- 
dependent relations. While he always demanded the most careful 
and guarded methods and policies in the directing of the manifold 
interests of the great estate controlled by him, he was generous and 
warm of heart. He was ever ready to give of his time and means in 
the aiding and encouraging of those who were worthy, and the many 
persons in his employ looked upon him as a personal friend. It was 
his custom and one in which he found great pleasure, to see that every 
employe received from him a substantial gift each Christmas. The 
year prior to his death he was returning from abroad as the Christ- 
mas season approached. The vessel on which he had taken passage 
was driven by storm out of its course, with the result that he was 
unable to reach home by Christmas. On the day preceding this holi- 
day, his agent received from him a telegram instructing him to see 



1106 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

that the employes were remembered in the customary manner, this 
telegram having been sent from Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

Mr. Plankiuton lived a righteous and worthy life. He merited and 
received the confidence and esteem of all who knew him. He was one 
of Milwaukee's most honored citizens, as well as one of its most influ- 
ential business men. The entire community manifested its sense of 
loss when he was summoned to the life eternal, at his home in Mil- 
waukee, on the 29th of April, 1905. 

On the 26th of April, 1876, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Plankiuton to Miss Ella Woods, who was born in the city of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, on the 22nd of July, 1844; and who survived her honored 
husband by three years. She passed to the "land of the leal" on the 
8th of September, 1908, her death leaving a void in the best social 
activities of her home city, as well as in those of philanthropic and 
benevolent order. She was a daughter of William Woods, who was 
for many years one of the representative business men of Cincinnati. 
Mrs. Plankinton, after graduation, was afforded the advantages of 
extensive travel, both abroad and in her native land. She was specially 
zealous and earnest in church work, and in the field of practical phil- 
anthropy. She took special interest in the Milwaukee Maternity 
Hospital, in the Protestant Orphan Asylum, and the Busy Boys Club, 
to all of which she gave much financial aid, and did much to support. 
She was identified with various organized charities, and benevolences, 
though the greater part of her service to those in affliction or distress 
was given in a private way and with naught of ostentation or public- 
ity. It may consistently be said that she was one of those noble 
women who go through life trailing the beautitudes and one who 
would "do good by stealth and blush to find it fame." She has the 
love of all who came within the immediate sphere of her gentle influence, 
and her name will long be held in affectionate memory in Milwaukee. 
For many years Mr. and Mrs. Plankinton maintained their abode in 
the fine old Plankinton homestead, at the corner of Fifteenth Street 
and Grand Avenue, but, owing to the encroachment of business, Mrs. 
Plankinton gave up this homestead in the February prior to her death, 
and removed to an attractive residence at 505 Terrace Avenue, where 
her death occurred. Mr. and Mrs. Plankinton became the parents of 
two sons, the older of whom, John, died in 1899 at the age of twenty-one 
years. He was preparing himself for the medical profession, in which he 
was gaining a distinctive prestige when his life was cut short. The death 
of this splendid young man was a source of deepest grief to his 
devoted parents ; and to his surviving brother. Of the immediate 
Plankinton family Milwaukee, the city in which the name has been 
one of great prominence, can now claim but one representative, Wil- 
liam Woods Plankinton, second son of him whose name initiates this 
memoir. W. Woods was a student in Yale University at the time of 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1107 

his father's death, which compelled him to withdraw in his junior 
year in order to assume control and direction of the large ancestral 
estate. He has inherited much of the business acumen of his father 
and grandfather, is handling the multifarious affairs of the great estate 
with marked ability and discrimination, and is one of the representa- 
tive and popular men of his native city. He is married, and the center 
of a happy family group, a devoted wife and two interesting children, 
a boy and a girl. 

Mr. Plankinton 's most marked characteristic was kindness of heart. 
Milwaukee, nor any other city for that matter, never had a man of 
deeper humane instinct than William Plankinton. In case of sickness 
of any employe, whether an obscure waiter in his hotel, a domestic in 
his household, or any other employe he was always first at the bed- 
side with his own physician, and gave personal attention to the case. 
A single case will illustrate. 

An engineer took sick and had to give up work. Mr. Plankinton 
continued his full salary for over a year, and when all hope of recovery 
was given up, he sent him and his wife to Waukesha, where he pro- 
vided them a small store and paid his full wages until he died. This 
was only one of the many silent benefactions of William Plankinton. 
It is safe to say, that no case of distress ever appealed to him in vain. 

His death occurred somewhat suddenly and unexpectedly on April 
29, 1905, and was a deep shock to all Milwaukee. He was regretted by 
all, and mourned most sincerely by those who knew him best. 

Anton J. Nowotny. Another of the pioneer citizens of Antigo and 
of the county is Anton J. Nowotny, now serving his eighth consecutive 
term in the office of clerk of the circuit court of Langlade county. 
Mr. Nowotny was alected to his office on the Democratic ticket, and 
his service has been one of a particularly worthy nature, amply justi- 
fying his continued return to the office. He has been resident here 
since the winter of 1878-79, having come here at that time with his 
widowed mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Nowotny, and some two years later 
with her homesteading a forty acre tract in the town of Ackerly in 
this county. After six months' continued residence there to make 
good their claim, they came to Antigo, settling here at a time when 
the extent of the buildings was represented by two log cabins. Mr. 
Nowotny and his mother had the first lumber sawed in the mill at 
Antigo, and with it they laid their floor scoop ** shack." They came 
here, it should be said, from Manitowoc, Wisconsin. .Air. Nowotny 
was born in Milwaukee county, Wisconsin, on a small farm, on the 15th 
of November, 1865, and is a son of Anton and Elizabeth Nowotny. 

Anton Nowotny died in* Manitowoc county in 187:>, to which county 
they had moved when the subject was a small child, and after the 
death of the father the mother, with the subject and an older son. came 



1108 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

to Antigo. The embryo town was then a dense wood, and gave little 
promise of reaching its present fair state of urban life. Anton J. No- 
wotny was then some thirteen years old and he roughed it through the 
years of his youth and early manhood. He performed all manner of 
" manual labor as a boy, serving as the janitor of the first school that 
was built here, and he built fires and cut wood in the log school for the 
sum of six dollars a month. He went to school a part of the time, it 
should be said, and later he attended night school, still later attending 
St. Francis Academy at Milwaukee. He was variously employed in 
the saw mill in Antigo, and at one time was active in contracting for 
the delivery of logs on the river. He also learned the trade of a cigar 
maker, and for a time ran a cigar factory, but during hard times was 
compelled to close out the business,. He then took a homestead in the 
town of Elcha, on which he lived for about four years, and it was 
then that he was elected clerk of the circuit court for Langlade county, 
in which office he serves today. 

In 1892 Mr. Nowotny was married to Theresa Boll, of Antigo, Wis- 
consin, and to them were born eight children, named as follows : Irwin ; 
Clarence ; Mary ; Esther ; Lester ; Lloyd ; Glen and Dorothy. Esther 
and Lester, it should be noted, are twins. 

Mr. Nowotny is a member of the Roman Catholic church, as are the 
members of his family, and he is fraternally affiliated with the Knights 
of Columbus and the Catholic Order of Foresters, in the latter order 
holding the rank of past chief ranger. Mr. Nowotny is one of the solid 
and substantial property owners of the town, his holdings being mostly 
in the nature of farm lands throughout the county. 

Judge John W. Parsons. As county judge of Langlade county, 
Judge Parsons has supervision over the affairs of a county in which he 
and his family were among the earliest pioneer settlers more than thirty 
years ago, and the courthouse, in which he has his office at Antigo, 
stands on ground which when he first knew it, was indistinguishable 
by any improvement of buildings from the rest of the wilderness 
which covered this section of the state. Judge Parsons as a pioneer 
has been closely identified with the material developments of Lan- 
glade county, and was first elected to the office of county judge in 
1901. He is now serving his fourth consecutive term, having been 
elected in the spring of 1913 for the extended term of six years. 

Judge Parsons came to this county with his parents in 1879, be- 
fore Langlade county was formed and when its territory was yet 
a part of Oconto county. His birth occurred on a farm in Niagara 
county, New York, on February 11, 1861, and he is the son of Charles 
and Johanna (Spearbreaker) Parsons. In- 1864, when John W. was 
a child three years old, the family moved west, spending one year in 
Michigan, then living in Winnebago county, Wisconsin, until 1868, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1109 

and then locating on a farm near Clintonville, in Waupaca county, 
which continued to be the home of the family until 1879. John W. 
Parsons was then about nineteen years old, and he went with his 
parents to that portion of Oconto county which has since been made 
Langlade county, and they all settled on a homestead of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, in what is now the town of Polar, six miles 
northeast of the present county seat of Antigo. The only structure 
that marked the site of the present city of Antigo at that time was a 
small log shack. On their homestead in the town of Polar, the Par- 
sons put up a log cabin, and the father and sons set themselves to 
the tremendous task of clearing out the timber and brush, and ex- 
posing a tract of land to the sun in preparation for further culti- 
vation. This old homestead has been in the Parsons family since 
title was obtained to it from the government, and is now occupied 
by Herman Parsons, a son of Judge Parsons and a grandson of 
Charles and Johanna Parsons, who entered the homestead from the 
government. The Parsons household was one of seven families that 
constituted the pioneer colony in the town of Polar in what is now 
Langlade county. Charles Parsons, the father of Judge Parsons, 
died on January 11, 1907, at the age of seventy-two years, and his 
wife passed away twelve days before, on December 31, 1906, at the 
age of sixty-six. One of Judge Parsons' most prized possessions is 
a picture of the old log house, their first home in Langlade county, 
showing his father and mother sitting on the steps before that prim- 
itive home. 

Judge Parsons grew up on farms in Winnebago and Waupaca 
counties, and had such educational advantages as could be obtained 
from the country schools in those localities in that time. He is 
himself in every respect a pioneer of northern Wisconsin, and as 
he was nearly a grown man when he arrived in Langlade county, 
he took a man's part in the work and responsibilities incident to 
pioneer existence. He has made a successful record as a farmer, 
and his ability in that direction and his well known integrity and 
standing as a citizen were the facts that commended him to the 
population of Langlade county for his present office. 

Judge Parsons was married in Waupaca county, Wisconsin, when 
but eighteen years of age, his marriage occurring on August 27. 
1878, when Miss Amelia Schumann, a daughter of William Schu- 
mann, became his wife. The Schumann family was also one among 
the pioneer colony of the town of Polar, in Langlade county, hav- 
ing arrived in 1880, and the parents of Mrs. Parsons having spent 
the remainder of their lives there. Judge Parsons and his wife have 
four children : Herman, who lives on the old homestead, married 
Miss Lizzie Dieck, and they have children, Arthur. Roy and 
Freda; Ella is the wife of John Tackline, of Antigo, and their chil- 



1110 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

dren are Elsie, Harvey and Edna ; Clara married John Utnehmer, 
of Antigo, and is the mother of four children, Walter, Hattie, Oscar 
and Reuben; George married Anna Krause, and is without issue. 

Judge Parsons is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and the Modern Woodmen of America, as well as the Order of 
Beavers, and he and his family worship in the Evangelical Lutheran 
church. 

Frank J. Finucane. One of the leaders in the legal fraternity of 
Langlade county and one who has for years enjoyed the favor and 
patronage of a generous clientele, is Frank J. Finucane, attorney-at- 
law, and a citizen of the highest order. He has given a public service 
that is well worthy of the name, in his legal capacity, while his work 
in departments of civic welfare stands out in bold relief, in a notable 
contradistinction to the non-activities of other men not less favorably 
endowed in the way of talent. Mr. Finucane has practiced law in 
Antigo since 1889. He came to this city in its early days, in 1885, 
it may be stated for the sake of exactness, and he read law in the 
offices of Thomas Lynch here. Later he entered the University of 
Wisconsin and in 1889 was graduated from the law department, after 
which he established himself here in practice and has since continued, 
enjoying an unqualified success and winning a place for himself that 
is in every way worthy of his efforts. 

Born in Calumet county, Wisconsin, on a farm, on the 9th day 
of October, 1859, Frank J. Finucane is a son of Andrew arid Maria 
(Cunningham) Finucane, early pioneers of Calumet county, to which 
community they migrated in 1853, coming hence from Buffalo. Both 
were natives of Ireland, born and reared there, and there they were 
married. Andrew Finucane was a merchant in his native land, and 
when he settled in Buffalo he engaged in the business, but his unfa- 
miliarity with American methods was such as to result in his failure 
in business. He lost everything in the financial wreck, and not being 
sufficiently acquainted in business circles, he was unable to make 
another start. He thereupon came to Calumet county with his little 
family and took up a homestead there, continuing a resident of the 
place until he died in 1884. His widow survived him until 1899. 

Mr. Finucane was thus reared on the home farm, and he was able 
to attend the high school at Chilton, Wisconsin, after which he began 
teaching school in his effort to earn money to prosecute his further 
studies. For five years he continued as a teacher, then came to An- 
tigo and acted as assistant principal of the high school for some time. 
His college career followed, and when he had finished his studies 
and gained admission to the bar, he saw no better field for his ener- 
gies and talents than Antigo and Langlade county. Mr. Finucane 's 
career has been one of the quiet and unspectacular kind, but he has 



\ 

HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1111 

nevertheless accomplished a deal in his profession in the years of his 
activity here. He was Municipal Judge of Langlade county for four 
years, and is distinguished further as being the first to serve under 
the Municipal Judge Act, his service coming in the years from 1891 
to 1895. 

Mr. Finucane was a member of the school board for many years, 
and brought a high sense of duty to his work in that capacity. As 
president of the Antigo Public Library Board since it was organized, 
he has accomplished much in the best interests of the Library, and it 
is conceded that the Antigo library is one of the biggest and finest in 
northern Wisconsin. The library, indeed, is one of his favorite hob- 
bies, and the city has been fortunate in having enlisted his most 
capable services in a work that means so much to the development 
and growth of its educational spirit. 

Mr. Finucane, it should be mentioned in speaking of his public 
service, has acted as city attorney for two different terms, and in 
that office he acquitted himself in a manner that was highly credit- 
able and indicative of his general character and integrity. He is a 
member of the directorate of the Langlade National Bank, and attor- 
ney for the institution as well. 

In 1893 Mr. Finucane was married in Antigo to Miss Mary Clarke, 
the daughter of Eleanor Clarke, of Berlin, Wisconsin, and they have 
two children, Grace and Francis. The family are members of the 
Congregational church. 

Few men in these parts may be mentioned who have taken a more 
worthy part in the telling activities of the city than has Mr. Finucane, 
and as one of the most public-spirited and conscientious citizens of the 
city and county, he is justly entitled to some mention in a work par- 
taking of the nature and purpose of this publication. 

Edward Cody. One of the leading merchants of Antigo and one 
who will undoubtedly be the next postmaster of this city, is Edward 
Cody, who has been engaged in the shoe business here most success- 
fully since 1899. Coming here at that time he bought out the interests 
of John Dailey, and the business he thus gained control of is the 
oldest in Antigo, established here in 1888 by a Mr. Buekman, who 
sold it to Hon. John Dailey, then mayor of the city. Mr. Cody in 
1899 came into ownership of the establishment. He came here from 
Columbus, Ohio, and with little or no delay stepped into the owner- 
ship and management of one of the old and thriving business concerns 
of the city, which has advanced in scope and importance with the 
passing years, and takes rank today with the leading business houses 
of the county. 

Edward Cody was born in New Lexington, Perry county, Ohio, on 
March 4, 1874, and is a son of Michael and Mary Cody. Michael 



1112 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Cody was a railroad man, passing his life in that work. The subject 
was reared in New Lexington and educated in the public schools, 
and while still quite young engaged with his brother-in-law in a mer- 
cantile enterprise at Corning, Ohio. Later they went to Columbus, 
and there Mr. Cody was identified with the grocery business, his 
brother-in-law becoming concerned in the shoe business in Columbus. 
In 1899 he gave up his grocery interests in Columbus, and coming to 
Antigo, he grasped the opportunity to purchase the shoe business of 
which he is now the sole owner and proprietor. His success here has 
been the result of his excellent business methods, his splendid under- 
standing of the importance of system in the conduct of the enterprise, 
and the manifestly high order of integrity that has characterized his 
business intercourse all through his career. 

Mr. Cody was married in 1902 in Antigo to Miss Nellie Anderson, 
a daughter of A. H. Anderson, of Antigo, Wisconsin, who is one of 
the genuine pioneers of Antigo, and a retired merchant and capitalist 
of the place. Mr. Anderson is one of the best known and most highly 
esteemed men in the city and county, and has played a conspicuous 
part in the development and upbuilding of this city. 

Mr. Cody is fraternally identified by his membership in the Benev- 
olent and protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Columbus, in the 
latter order having served as Grand Knight of the Antigo Council, and 
in the former society having served in all chairs in the local order. 
He has membership in the Antigo Commercical Club and is a member 
of its directorate. An active Democrat, Mr. Cody has always taken 
a leading part in local politics, and he has served two terms as city 
treasurer, while he is now and has been for the past two years chair- 
man of the Langlade County Central Committee. It is anticipated 
and hoped by all that his appointment to the office of postmaster of 
Antigo will be signed in the very near future. 

Ferdinand A. W. Kieckhefer. Milwaukee has particular reason to 
take pride in the extraordinarily successful career of F. A. W. Kieck 
liefer, since he is a native son of the city, grew up here with only 
such advantages as thousands of other youths in the city enjoyed, 
started with no capital, did small things well before he attempted the 
larger, and many years ago "arrived" in the current sense of having 
attained an impregnable position among the ablest, most resourceful, 
and riehest directors of big business in his home city or state. 

Mr. Kieckhefer has been reported as claiming that in business luck 
is a fifty per cent factor, and that the other proportions in success 
comprise twenty-five per cent of brains and twenty-five per cent of 
common sense. If Mr. Kieckhefer had built his fortunes on specula- 
tive enterprises his analysis would be more convincing, as applied to 
the particular case, but the fact is that the two great industries with 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1113 

which his name is most familiarly associated are fundamentally and 
structurally the result of the most substantial processes of business 
development. His own career, like that of his business, has nothing 
of the meteoric, and has been rather persistent than brilliant. Those 
most familiar with his business life say that he has come up from the 
rank and file because he possessed exceptional qualities as a business 
builder and organizer, and his early training and the sheer force of 
his inherent ability fitted him well for a captain's rank in the army 
of industry. 

The following paragraphs contain a brief outline of the principal 
events and moves in his career, and also introduce as interesting 
material for Wisconsin history, the important fact about the two 
monumental industries, conducted under his management as president. 

Ferdinand A. W. Kieckhefer was born in Milwaukee, February 10, 
1862. His parents were Carl and Justine Kieckhefer, who came to 
Milwaukee in 1851. The business of the father was a contractor for 
many years, after which he became a merchant. His death occurred 
in 1905, and his widow is still living. They were always actively inter- 
ested in the Lutheran church. 

When a boy among boys Ferdinand attended school in St. John's 
Lutheran School, and later took a course in the Spencerian Business 
College. He was with a wholesale millinery house for a time, and was 
then clerk and cashier in the John Ritzlaff Wholesale Hardware Com- 
pany for five years. In 1872 he started for himself with a little hard- 
ware and tinware shop, located on Grand Avenue. In 1878 his brother 
became associated with him under the firm name of F. Kieckhefer & 
Brother, but after two years they sold their interests, and in 1880, 
began the manufacturing of tinware. 

It is a significant and interesting fact concerning American in- 
dustry, which is now so colossal in its scope and resources, that many 
of the -greatest corporations in the country had their beginnings in 
some humble shop and in many cases in out of the way places, and 
under most unpretentious circumstances. At the present time the 
National Enameling & Stamping Company is the world's largest 
manufacturers of enameled and tin and aluminum and various wares 
used in kitchen and for a great variety of purposes and as specialties 
of manufacture. This large national corporation, of which Ferdinand 
A. W. Kieckhefer is president has its various branches at Milwaukee, 
New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Baltimore, New Orleans, Philadelphia, 
and at Granite City, Illinois, the largest manufacturing plant of the 
company being located in the last named city, which takes its name 
from the industry. The most important constituent element of this 
great industrial corporation was the manufacturing business built by 
the Kieckhefer brothers, and beginning in a little shop in Milwaukee 
a little more than thirty years ago. Within ten years after its begin- 



1114 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ning more than twelve hundred hands were employed in the Kieck- 
hefer's factory, and the plant turned out a better grade and as much 
if not more stamped tinware than any other establishment of the kind 
in the country. In 1899 Mr. Kieckhefer took a prominent part in the 
consolidation of various plants, including his own, which resulted in 
the National Enameling & Stamping Company, now the largest tin- 
ware and enameled ware manufacturers in the world. Mr. Kieck- 
hefer has been president of the corporation and has full charge of 
the Kieckhefer plant of the company. The main office of the business 
in New York City is at 303-305 Fifth Avenue. Mr. Kieckhefer resides 
in New York City as much as in Milwaukee, and is back and forth all 
the time looking after the big business affairs centered in both cities. 

The career of Mr. Kieckhefer is the more interesting for the fact 
that he has applied his splendid business energy to industries which 
are closely related to the simple needs of the people, and has always 
been engaged in supplying high class products that have their homely, 
daily uses in the American family. The tinware and enameling busi- 
ness has now for a number of years assumed the proportions of a 
great national enterprise, and has therefore passed somewhat beyond 
the horizon of Wisconsin interest. But the Edgewood farms, Inc. of 
which Mr. Kieckhefer is president, is a Wisconsin institution pure and 
simple, and one in which the citizens may take particular pride. The 
Edgewood Farms are located at Pewaukee, Wisconsin. An entire 
section of land is devoted to the uses of the business. It is one of the 
finest dairies in the country and the regular herd consists of three 
hundred cows, sixty being quartered in each stable. 

A recent report of the agricultural department of the Federal gov- 
ernment states that milk and cream together furnish fifteen per cent 
of the total food of the average American family. People in all ages 
and in all countries have never failed to appreciate the importance 
of milk supply, but in recent years, through the progress of scientific 
knowledge and through a better understanding of the actual condi- 
tions surrounding milk productions, more emphasis has been placed, 
not only by the guardians of public health, but by those in authority in 
the individual households upon the necessity of good milk, meaning 
by that phrase not only a standard of wholesomeness and the proper 
proportion of milk constituency, but also purity in a bacteriological 
and in every other sense. 

It is only a proper recognition of merit and of that splendid pub- 
lic spirit which consist in furnishing the best possible commodities to 
the American consumer to affirm that the Edgewood Farms, while they 
probably have their equals situated in different parts of the United 
States, certainly have no superior as a productive center of sanitary 
and wholesome milk. The one fundamental principle of Edgewood 
Farms is cleanliness, a principle which is insisted upon from the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1115 

beginning to the end of each and every operation. The herd con- 
sisted of carefully selected dairy cattle, all of which are examined 
critically as to their health and tested for tuberculosis before entering 
the stable. This test and satisfactory guarantee precede the offering 
of the products to the public. The cows are supplied with the very 
best and most wholesome food, and nothing is fed to them but what 
will produce the proper solids in the milks in the correct proportions. 
The water which supplies the Edgewood Farms comes from a deep 
artesian well, and is equal in quality to the Waukesha spring water. 
In the handling of the cows during milking time the animals are 
thoroughly groomed, including careful washing of the flanks, udders 
and teats, and the milkers themselves are healthy men who make 
milking a business and their sole occupation on the farm, and who 
are dressed and maintain as scrupulous cleanliness as a nursemaid in 
a hospital. From the cow the milk is conveyed to the dairy building, 
and the temperature is almost immediately reduced from about one 
hundred degrees to thirty-eight degrees. In fifteen minutes from the 
time the milk leaves the cow it is bottled, sealed and placed in cold 
storage ready for shipment. The milk produced at the Edgewood 
Farms is certified milk, which costs more than the ordinary grade, 
but is the most economical when one considers and understands the 
infinite care and cleanliness which surround these productions. There 
are a hundred interesting features about the Edgewood Farms, but a 
detailed description of the plant would be too long for inclusion in 
this place. Among other features of the equipment is a cow hospital, 
and under a contract with the Milwaukee Milk Commission, the entire 
establishment is constructed and controlled more rigidly than any 
similar manufacturing enterprise in the country. Three-fourths of the 
output of the Edgewood Farms is shipped to Chicago for distribution, 
and the other fourth is sold in the city of Milwaukee. The force of 
employes on the Edgewood farm number fifty-five, and the plant is 
one which would well repay inspection, and is open to visitors at all 
times. 

Mr. Kieckhefer was married May 13, 1875, to Miss Minnie Kuete- 
meyer, daughter of Frederick and Minnie Kuetemeyer of Milwaukee. 
Politically Mr. Kieckhefer is a Republican, but has never aspired to 
any political activity. His clubs are the Milwaukee and the Deutscher 
at Milwaukee. , 

Otto P. Walch. Since January, 1903, Otto P. Walch has held the 
position of cashier of the Langlade National Bank of Antigo, and he 
has been connected with the bank in the capacity of assistant cashier 
since it was organized in 1901, up to the time when he was promoted 
to his present position. Prior to his identification with the Langlade 
National Bank he was for thirteen years bookkeeper and teller for 



1116 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the Langlade County Bank, the predecessor of the Langlade National, 
so that his affiliation with banks and banking is one of long standing, 
and it is not too much to say that he is well versed in financical affairs 
in their every aspect as a result of his long association with fiscal 
institutions. 

Otto P. Walch has been a resident of Antigo since 1886, when the 
town was in its comparative infancy and was just beginning to give 
promise of later development along its present status. He was born 
on a farm in Holland, Brown county, Wisconsin, on November 8, 1874, 
and is a son of John and Helen Walch. John Walch was a native son 
of Germany and he came to America in childhood, settling almost 
immediately in Wisconsin with his parents. The mother was born in 
New York state, and after her marriage she and her husband took 
up farming, in which he has been trained, and they moved to a farm 
in Outgamie county, Wisconsin, when Otto P. Walch was four years 
old. In 1886 they came to Antigo, and here the father died in the fall 
of 1909. The mother still survives him. 

Otto P. Walch attended the Antigo High school as a boy, and went 
direct from the school room into the Langlade County Bank, where 
he continued as bookkeeper and finally as teller for the period of thir- 
teen years. He was not yet fifteen years old when he assumed his 
duties in the bank, and he has literally grown up in the banking busi- 
ness, in which he has displayed an especial aptitude and understand- 
ing in the management of fiscal affairs. 

Mr. Walch was married in 1907 to Miss Jennie Jepsen, of Mari- 
nette, Wisconsin, a daughter of Jacob Jepsen, who is a well known 
hotel proprietor of that place. Mr. and Mrs. Walch have three 
children : John, William and Catherine. 

It should be mentioned here that Mr. Walch has served on the 
Antigo school board, and that his was a valuablbe and well ordered 
service in that capacity. For eight years prior to 1912 he was presi- 
dent of the board, and his interest in the educational affairs of the 
town has added much to the advancement of the school system. 

Mr. Walch is a Mason and is now serving his second year as Mas- 
ter of the Antigo Lodge No. 231, A. F. & A. M. He is also a member 
of the Commandery, and has further fraternal affiliations in the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 

Hon. William Reader, a member of the Wisconsin State Legis- 
lature for two consecutive terms, and elected from Langlade county 
on the Republican ticket, has long been a power in Republican poli- 
tics in this county. He came to Antigo in 1882, in the year when the 
town was being laid out, and here he has since resided, and in the 
passing years has taken a particularly worthy part in the various 
activities of the city. He has met with financial reverses at times, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1117 

but has always come to the top in due season, and today is at the 
height of his material success. 

Born on a farm in Stockbridge, Calumet county, Wisconsin, Wil- 
liam Reader is the son of John and Bridget (Gormelyj Reader, and 
his birthday was May 16, 1864. The father, a native of England, 
came to Green Bay, Wisconsin, when he was a child of seven years, 
and the mother, born in Ireland, came to America at the age of two 
years in company with her parents, who settled in Ohio. Later they 
came to Wisconsin. They were married in Green Bay, in 1858, and 
soon after settled in Calumet county, where they devoted themselves 
to farming activities for the remainder of their days. 

William Reader was reared on the farm of his parents, and he 
attended the country schools in his boyhood days, alternating his 
studies with the work of the home farm, in which his father pro- 
vided him with a most excellent training, instilling into his young 
mind habits of industry and thoroughness in his work that stood him 
in excellent stead during his independent business life. In 1881 
the young man went to Menominee, Michigan, then the seat of the 
mammoth lumbering operations of the I. Stephenson Company, and he 
worked in the lumber districts for about a year. In 1882 he came to 
Antigo with his parents, and for some years he devoted himself to 
the life of the woodsman, spending his winters in the camps, his 
spring seasons in driving logs on the river, and his summers in farm- 
ing. This continued for a number of years, and then he settled on a 
farm in the town of Peck, Langlade county. While there Mr. Reader 
took his first active interest in politics, and was town chairman 
of Peck for seven years. He resigned from the office to become 
Register of Deeds of Langlade county, an office he continued to hold 
for eight years, when he was elected to the state legislative assembly 
in 1909, his re-election following in 1911, his service in the second 
term still continuing. He has given an excellent account of himself 
in his legislative capacity, and amply justified the wisdom of his con- 
stituents in their choice of a representative. 

Mr. Reader is a man who has seen something of the downs as 
well as the ups of life, but he has always come up smiling, ready for 
a new venture, and he has never failed to recoup his losses. In 1909 
he engaged in the retail clothing business in Antigo, and after seven- 
teen disastrous months was forced to close his doors, taking a loss of 
about $16,000. But he bravely took a 'position in the Market Square 
Hotel, soon afterwards buying out the hostelry, which he is success- 
fully operating, and the citizens of Langlade county are rejoiced to 
see "Billy" Reader again making good, for he has the hearty good 
will and confidence of all who know him. 

Mr. Reader was married in 1891 to Miss Mary McCabe. and they 
have four children : George, John, Irena and Merritt. The second 



1118 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

son, John, passed through an experience in the autumn of 1912 that 
few men have ever had, and the wonder of it is that he lives to tell of 
his miraculous escape from a sudden death. While working on a sur- 
vey, he with several companions being caught in an electric storm, took 
refuge in a log cabin. The cabin was struck by lightning, one of the 
men was killed instantly and John Reader was stripped of his shoes 
and stockings, they being literally torn from him in shreds, while his 
trousers were riddled to the knees. Aside from slight burns on his 
feet, he suffered no injury from his phenomenal experience. Mr. 
Reader still keeps the shoes and other wearing apparel as mementos 
of the miracle. 

Mr. Reader is a member of the Roman Catholic church, as are 
others of the family, and he has fraternal affiliations with the Catholic 
Order of Foresters and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. He is a man 
of kindly social instincts, possessing a high order of integrity and 
character, and with his family, he enjoys the unalloyed confidence 
and genuine esteem of the representative citizenship of the city and 
county, where he has lived for the best part of his life. 

John F. Albers, president of the Langlade National Bank of Antigo 
and proprietor of the J. F. Albers Drug Company, has been a resident 
of Antigo since 1890, when he came here and bought out a drug store* 
and established himself in business. He has since that time been con- 
tinuously and successfully engaged in the drug business, and has. 
played a worthy part in the commercial activities of the city, as well 
as taking a leading hand in the financial concerns of the city. He 
helped in the organization of the Langlade National Bank in 1901, 
which is one of the thriving and well established ones of the county. 
In 1908 Mr. Albers erected the building known as the Albers-Molle 
Building, in which his store is quartered, and he has other property 
interests in the city as well. 

Mr. Albers was born in New Holstein, Calumet county, Wisconsin,, 
on September 7th, 1851, and is a son of John and Anna (Wiggers) 
Albers. John Albers was for many years engaged in farming, and 
was long occupied as county surveyor of Calumet county, Wisconsin. 
He was a pioneer of the state from the days of 1848, coming from 
Holstein, Germany, where he married. He died in 1893 and the wife 
and mother survived until 1910, death claiming her in West Bend, 
Washington county, this state. 

John F. Albers was reared on the farm home of his parents, and in 
early life gave some attention to farming, but followed surveying for 
many years. He received his education in the University of Wiscon- 
sin, from which he was graduated in 1877, and his work in surveying 
began then. He followed that line for about nine years, chiefly being 
identified with railroad work, and in 1886 he moved to Wausau, Wis- 



• HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1119 

-cousin, from Chicago, where he had beeen located for three years 
previous. He started a drug store in Wausau in partnership with his 
brother, W. W. Albers, state senator, and a little later he and his 
brother bought out the Antigo store, which they operated together 
for a year, when Mr. Albers bought out his brother, W. W. Albers. 
Success has attended his activities in this enterprise, and the busi- 
ness is one of the thriving ones in Antigo today. 

Mr. Albers was married in 1886 to Miss Ida Wright, of Appleton, 
Wisconsin, and they have two children, Laurinda and John W. Albers. 

In the line of his public service, it should be mentioned that Mr. 
Albers served one year as mayor of Antigo, in 1893-94, and he has 
been a member of the school board for fifteen years, where his inter- 
ests and energies have ever redounded to the best good of the edu- 
cational system of the city, and on which he has served as president 
and as secretary. He also served one year as city superintendent of 
the schools, and did a most excellent work in his capacity as super- 
intendent. Public-spirited to a high degree, his life work in Antigo 
has been one of the utmost value to the community, and his citizen- 
ship has been a worthy example to the present and future generations. 

George A. Packard. Business man, banker and postmaster of Bay- 
field, George A. Packard has been identified with the community of 
Bayfield for the past twenty years, and has lived in the state all his life. 
His long experience in public affairs and business has won him the 
respect and confidence of his fellow citizens and all his personal advance- 
ment has been the result of honest and solid worth. 

George A. Packard was born at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, March 
8, 1855, the oldest of seven children, whose parents were William H. 
and Elizabeth Packard, the former native of the state of Massachusetts, 
and the latter of Vermont. William G. Packard is one of the pioneers 
of Wisconsin. His youth was spent in Massachusetts, and when he 
started out for himself the west afforded him the field of opportunity. 
On arriving in Wisconsin, he located in Stevens Point, in Portage 
county, and there started to work at his trade of millwright, a vocation 
which he had learned in Masschusetts. He helped to build some of the 
mills in that vicinity and was naturally drawn from mechanical work 
into the one leading industry of Wisconsin, that of lumbering. As an 
expert in the driving of logs, and riverman, William H. Packard for 
a number of years had few superiors, if any, along the Wisconsin 
River. That was one of the most dangerous occupations connected with 
lumbering, as all who are familiar with the industry know, and one of 
the frequent accidents which befell the rivermen caused him the loss 
of a leg in 1858. This misfortune instead of making him lose his ambi- 
tion, put new courage into his endeavors, though it changed the course 
of his career. In the same year he was elected county treasurer of Port- 



1120 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

age county, and gave an excellent administration of that office. In the 
meantime his attention was turned to the study of law, and from the 
time of his admission to the bar his achievements were of a progressive 
order. In 1864 he was elected district attorney of Portage county, 
holding that office several terms. His home was in Stevens Point, and 
the later years of his life -were spent in Bayfield county. In 1892 he 
located in Washburn, where he practiced law and was one of the leading 
citizens until his death at the age of sixty-one years. His widow is still 
living, and six of their children are also alive. 

George A. Packard was educated in his native town of Stevens 
Point, but his schooling continued only until he was fourteen years 
of age. His first regular position, obtained about that time, was in the 
office of the county register of deeds at Stevens Point. His early busi- 
ness experience also comprised real estate and insurance in the same 
city, but at the end of two years he entered the employ of R. A. Cook 
& Company, which owned and operated the pioneer iron works at 
Stevens Point, was one of the most successful industrial concerns in 
that section, and in a short time Mr. Packard bought a half interest 
in the business. Selling out in 1887 he took a position as bookkeeper 
in the Sawyer & Company Bank at Hayward. His interest in public 
affairs brought him the confidence of the people, and at the end of one 
year as bookkeeper with the bank, the citizens of Sawyer county elected 
him county treasurer. His term of office began in 1888, and was varied 
by attention to other occupations, including two years of service as dep- 
uty sheriff and as proprietor of a livery business. For five years Mr. 
Packard conducted one of the first-class livery establishments in Saw- 
yer county, and part of that time also had a store there. In 1892, Mr. 
Packard opened a hardware store at Bayfield, and combined it later 
with a drug store, all his mercantile enterprises proving very profitable. 
In 1897, his business interests were sold, and in July of the following 
year President McKinley signed his first commission as postmaster of 
Bayfield. His incumbency of that office has continued to the present 
time, and in fifteen years he has administered a constantly growing 
office, both the rural free delivery and the parcel post having been 
inaugurated during his term. In 1904 Mr. Packard assisted in the 
organization of the First National Bank of Bayfield, becoming its vice 
president, an office which he still holds. 

In politics Mr. Packard is an active Republican, and fraternally his 
association are with Bayfield Lodge No. 215, A. F. & A. M. On April 
4, 1881, he married J. Fitch. 

Nelson Albert Week. In a community where the main activities 
and the industry that has helped to make it the great industrial center 
that it is has been the lumber business in which Nelson Albert Week 
takes a leading place and part. The John Week Lumber Company, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1121 

of which Mr. Week is president, was organized in 1885, by the father 
of the subject, John Week, concerning whom extended mention is 
made in a later paragraph. The business then established has grown 
apace with the passing years and is today the leading manufacturing 
enterprise of its kind in Portage county. In addition to his connec- 
tion with this highly important concern, Mr. Week is identified with 
numerous other enterprises, of both industrial and financial nature, 
and he is held in universal esteem in the community, where he has 
the confidence and good will of the entire populace. 

Nelson Albert Week is the son of John and Gunild fLuras) Week. 
He grew up on the home farm in Marathon county, where the family 
moved soon after his birth, and there he attended the district schools. 
He spent one year at Ripon College, and a year at Lawrence Univer- 
sity at Appleton, Wisconsin. He was still quite young when he began 
working in the lumber woods first as a cruiser, his duties being to 
look over a given timber tract and bring back an estimate of the vari- 
ous kinds of standing timber thereon. When he was eighteen, years 
old he became "tailsman" on the raft plying on the river, and made 
three trips, — twice to Quincy, and once to St. Louis, Missouri, the well 
known "Big" Oliver Halvorsen being pilot on the raft. Those were 
days of real education for Mr. Week, and in those early years he 
gained an insight into the practical phases of lumbering that have 
made it possible for him to stand at the head of this great enterprise. 
Every branch of the business his wise father saw that he familiarized 
himself with, for the elder man saw coming the day when he might 
no longer be able to steer the craft of the business, and when he would 
want a strong and able helper to lean upon. When he was twenty 
years old, Mr. Week ran the engine at the mill on Big Eau Pleine 
river. About 1880 he went to Iowa and there ran a lumber yard, and 
coming back in 1881 was married on March 29th of that year, to Miss 
Ida Youmans, a daughter of Jotham and Helen (Hill) Youmans. Mr. 
and Mrs. Youmans it should be stated were pioneers of Portage 
county. Following the marriage of Mr. Week and Ida Youmans, the 
young couple returned to Iowa where he was engaged in operating 
the lumber yard, but after a short time he sold out and joined the 
family, who had then moved to Stevens Point, there becoming identi- 
fied in business with his father in the mill at that place. In 1S84 the 
present company was formed, as has already been stated, Nelson A. 
Week being made president of the company, John A. Week, vice 
president, and A. R. Week secretary and treasurer. In recent years, a 
son of Nelson A. Week, having completed his university training, suc- 
ceeded his uncle, John A. Week, as vice president, that gentleman 
having retired from the firm to identify himself with outside interests. 

Besides being president of the John Week Lumber Company, a 
task sufficiently big to occupy the whole time of the average man. 



1122 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Mr. Week is a director in the Citizens' National Bank of Stevens 
Point. He is a stock holder in the Coye Furniture Company, one of 
the leading manufacturing enterprises of its kind in the state. And 
besides controlling valuable real estate interests, he is interested in a 
large ranch in Texas, of which his son is manager. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Week were born the following children : John 
Elmer, born in 1882 in Iowa, attended the public schools up to the age 
of thirteen years, when he entered the Chicago Manual Training 
School, and was graduated therefrom. He then entered Armour 
Institute, from which he was graduated in 1902, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science and Electrical Engineering. He was bent 
upon a military career, and being promised an appointment by 
Hon. John C. Spooner, he took his examination for entrance to AA 7 est 
Point, his standing being an excellent one, with a mark of 95%, in 
his physical tests. In the fall of 1902, while waiting for his appoint- 
ment to West Point, young Week in company with four class mates, 
went to Mexico on a trip, and while there he was offered a nattering 
position as engineer on an important engineering job being put 
through. He accepted and was placed in charge of a large body of 
men in the building of an electric line to the silver mines of Guana- 
juata. In the same year while in pursuit of his duties, the young sol- 
dier of fortune was stabbed by two greasers, whom he had previously 
discharged from the works, and his death resulted soon after. The 
body of the unfortunate young man was brought to his home, and he 
was buried at Stevens Point. Thus was ended in most untimely man- 
ner what gave promise of being an exceptionally brilliant career. 

Harold J. Weeks, the second child, married Josephine Allen in 
October, 1910, and they have one child, — Jeanne. They reside on the 
ranch in Texas, already mentioned, having gone west in the hope of 
recruiting his health. As a boy he attended the public and normal 
schools, following the latter course with a year of manual training, 
and he later entered St. John's Military School near Milwaukee. In 
the autumn of 1903 he entered the University of Wisconsin at Madi- 
son. At the close of his college life in 1907, he became identified with 
the John Week Lumber Company, and was elected vice president of 
that concern. In his college days he was prominent as a member of 
the Delta Tau Delta fraternity, as was also his older brother, John 
Elmer. 

Nelson A. Week is what might be called a home man, for he is 
decidedly domestic in his instincts, but he has done a great deal of 
traveling in his time, usually, however, accompanied by his wife. 
Together they traveled in Cuba prior to the Spanish-American war. 
They have toured Europe, and in 1910 paid a visit to Honolulu and 
the Sandwich Islands, spending a most delightful season in that unique 
and attractive country. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1123 

Mr. Week is a Mason, of the Blue Lodge and Chapter at Stevens 
Point, but has no other fraternal affiliations. 

James Thompson. As distinguished from business men or politi- 
cians, a man versed in the laws of the country has ever been a recognized 
power. He has been depended upon to conserve the best and perma- 
nent interests of the whole people, and without him and his practical 
judgment, the efforts of the statesman and the industry of the business 
man and the mechanic would prove futile. The reason is not far 
to seek. The professional lawyer is never the creature of circumstances. 
The profession is open to talent, and no definite prestige or success can 
be attained save by indomitable energy, perseverance, patience and 
strong mentality. In none of these essentials is James Thompson, of 
the LaCrosse bar, lacking. For more than ten years he has been engaged 
in a constantly increasing practice in this city, where his high attain- 
ments have won a satisfying recognition from his professional brethren 
as well as from the public at large. 

Mr. Thompson was born October 19, 1875, in Green county, Wiscon- 
sin, and is a son of Knut and Bergit (Bjornson) Thompson, natives of 
Norway, who came to the United States in 1860 and located on a farm 
near Stoughton, Wisconsin. Subsequently the family moved to the town 
of York, Green county, and there the death of Knut Thompson occurred 
in 1899. There were nine . children in the family, eight of whom are 
living. A twin brother of James, George Thompson, is also a well 
known lawyer, and is now engaged in practice in the town of Ells- 
worth, Wisconsin. 

Like all of his parents' children, James Thompson Avas given the 
advantages of a good education, first attending the public schools until 
reaching his sixteenth year and then becoming a student in the Stough- 
ton Academy. Following this he took an academic course in the State 
University at Madison, where he was graduated with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Letters in 1899, and then became a student in the legal depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, from which he received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws in 1901. Shortly thereafter, following a very creditable 
examination, Mr. Thompson was admitted to the bar, and in 1902 came 
to LaCrosse and engaged in the practice of his profession. It was not 
long before Mr. Thompson won recognition in his chosen calling, and 
since then he has gained an enviable position among his professional 
brethren. His success has not been accidental, but has been well earned 
and well deserved. Of strong, vigorous intellect, he has brought to legal 
practice the reinforcement of wide and .varied culture. His love of the 
law and devotion to his profession have led him to a mastery of its 
learning which busy lawyers rarely acquire. In politics a Republican, 
he became the candidate of his party for the office of district attorney 
in 1908, was elected in the same year, and his administration, which 

Vol. v— 7 



1124 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

lasted until 1913, was marked by excellent services to his community. 
Mr. Thompson has shown some interest in fraternal work, being a mem- 
ber of LaCrosse Blue Lodge No. 45, Free and Accepted Masons, the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of Pythias, the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, in all of which he counts numerous friends. His religious affilia- 
tion is with the Lutheran church. All measures making for the advance- 
ment of his community's interests have found in him a hearty sup- 
porter, and he has at all times been a stalwart friend of the cause of 
education, morality and good government. 

William Rowe. For upwards of thirty years, William Rowe has 
been identified with the commercial and civic activities of Eau Claire, 
contributing to the city's material progress and prosperity to an extent 
equaled by few of his contemporaries. In the wholesale and retail 
grocery trade he has long been one of the conspicuous figures, and has 
been a factor in social and civic developments. Successful in his private 
ventures, he has been chosen to take charge of various branches of work 
calculated to be of benefit to the city and state, displaying, as a public 
official, the same conscientious effort and untiring energy that have 
brought him into such an eminent position in the business world. 

William Rowe was a native of the state of Pennsylvania, born in 
Luzerne county, December 29, 1850. His parents were Henry B. and 
Lucinda C. (Biesecler) Rowe. The father was born in Strougesburg, 
Pennsylvania, in 1826, and his death occurred in 1884. The mother, 
who was born in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1829, is still 
living in her eighty-fourth year, her home being in Eau Claire. The 
parents were married in Luzerne county, and of their four children, 
the three now living are as follows : William ; Emma, wife of George 
McDermod; and Isabella, wife of William Hayes. The one deceased 
passed away when an infant. The father by trade was a carpenter 
and joiner, and also a building contractor. In 1859 he came west and 
located at Mondovie, in Buffalo county, Wisconsin, where he engaged 
in the contracting and building business, and is one of the pioneer 
farmers of that region, hewing a home out of the wilderness. When 
the war came on he enlisted in Company D of the Eighteenth Wiscon- 
sin Infantry, and took part in many skirmishes and battles of the war 
and was with Sherman on his march to the sea. He served out the full 
time of his enlistment and was given an honorable discharge at the close 
of the war in 1865. On his return to Wisconsin he once more resumed 
farming and also established and conducted a store at Mondovie, under 
the firm name of Darling and Rowe. Two years later he moved to Eau 
Claire, where he engaged in the grocery business under the firm name 
of Hume & Rowe. Subsequently he sold his interests in this firm to 
Mr. Hume and was engaged in the retail grocery business on his own 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1125 

account for a number of years. He finally retired and spent his last 
days in the peace and comfort such as his service rendered the country 
and his business activities entitled him to. He was affiliated with the 
Grand Army of the Republic and the Ancient Order of United "Work- 
men, and in politics was a Republican. 

Mr. William Rowe was eight years old when the family came to 
Wisconsin and he accordingly was reared and received most of his 
education in this state. As a boy he attended the schools at Mondovie 
in Buffalo county, and began his practical career as a wage-earner in 
1869 when he was given an opportunity to clerk in the general store of 
W. H. Smith at Eau Claire. This was the beginning of more than forty 
years active N connection with business affairs in this city. In 1875 he 
embarked in the retail grocery business on his own account, and con- 
tinued in that line until 1883. At that time he expanded his business 
to a wholesale house under the title of Eau Claire Grocery Company. 
He was chief executive of this company from 1892 to 1896, and since 
then has been a director and manager of its sales force. 

Mr. Rowe represented the third ward in the city council for one 
term, and for a year and a half was a member of the school board. He 
resigned the latter place in 1900 owing to his election to the office of 
mayor in that year, and by re-election he served four consecutive terms 
as mayor. Fraternally he is affiliated with Eau Claire Lodge No. 112, 
A. F. & A. M., Eau Claire Chapter No. 36, R. A. M and Eau Claire 
Commandery No. 8, K. T. His politics is Republican. 

On September 27, 1876, Mr Rowe married Miss Mary A. Raey, who 
was a native of Canada. The four children born of their marriage are 
as follows : Clarence H ; William A., who is a graduate from the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin in the electrical engineering department and is now 
practising his profession; Wilfred L., who graduated a civil engineer 
from the University of Wisconsin with the class of 1907 ; and Gertrude, 
who died in infancy. 

Peter J. Smith. When we turn to the pages of a life such as Peter 
J. Smith's, of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, we can but feel that if a man 
handicapped as he has been can make such a success of life, then some 
of us, far better equipped for the battle of life, might accomplish some- 
thing. It only goes to prove that in a man's own character are to be 
found the qualities that are the dominant factors in his success. Peter 
J. Smith came to this country, a foreigner, poor, knowing little or 
nothing of the language of the people, but determined that he, in this 
land of opportunity, would make a place for himself. He is now as- 
sistant postmaster of Eau Claire and is one of the best known men of 
the city. 

Born in Denmark, on the 22nd of August, 1867. Peter J. Smith is 
the son of Danish parents, and grew up in the country of his birth. His 



1126 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

father, James P. Smith, spent all his life in his native country, following 
his trade as a tailor. He died a comparatively young man, at the age 
of thirty-four, in 1878. His wife, Kirsten Smith, was thus left with the 
care of their one son, Peter J. 

The lad grew to manhood in Denmark, receiving his education in the 
public schools of the country, and when he came of age he came to 
America. This was in 1888, and he came directly to Wisconsin. He 
decided that if he were to succeed in this country, he had first to learn 
something of American methods of business. He therefore entered the 
Eau Claire Business College in 1889, and when he had completed the 
course there offered he was fairly well prepared for his career. He 
first became an employee of the Northwestern Lumber Company as a 
contractor. He was engaged in this way for tw T elve years and then 
became supreme secretary of the Scandinavian Workingmen's Asso- 
ciation, an organization in which he had always been deeply interested. 
In 1903 he received the appointment of bookkeeper to the secretary 
of state, Walter Huser, at Madison, Wisconsin, and he held this posi- 
tion for a year, resigning to return to his former duties as secretary 
of the Scandinavian Workingmen's Association. 

Mr. Smith has always manifested a healthy interest in local affairs 
of a political nature, and has held numerous offices in the municipal 
government. He represented the First Ward in the City Council from 
1898 to 1899, and again served in 1900, 1901 and 1902, resigning from 
the duties of his office in the latter year to assume the duties of his 
position in the office of the secretary of state, as mentioned previously. 
In 1907 he was appointed assistant postmaster of Eau Claire, under 
Earle S. Welch, and he has served in this office continuously since that 
time. In 1910 he was elected president of the Assistant Postmasters' 
Association, serving one year in the office. Mr. Smith is a Republican 
and has been a member of the Republican State Central Committee for 
the Seventh Congressional District for four years. 

The interest that Mr. Smith has displayed in the welfare of the 
Scandinavian people of this country has taken much of his time, and 
he has long been active along lines of endeavor that can not fail to 
prove of benefit to his people. In 1908 he was elected to the office of 
president of the Scandinavian Workingmen's Association, in which he 
had previously served as supreme secretary, and he was twice re-elected 
to the office of president, his third term now being in progress. He is a 
member of a number of other societies and associations of a fraternal 
nature, and is popular and prominent with the Scandinavian people and 
with the people of his adopted city as well, of whatever nationality. 

On the 16th of February, 1888, Mr. Smith was married to Miss Mary 
Larson, the marriage taking place in Denmark, where Mrs. Smith was 
born. Five children, four of whom are living, were born of this union. 
The eldest son, James Peter, lost his life in a railroad accident, when 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1127 

he was sixteen years of age. The other children are Thomas, Castie 
Mary, Martin A. and Adolph M. 

Mr. Smith's widowed mother is still living, and in 1900 he sent to 
the old home for her to come to America, and she now makes her home 
with her son. 

Arthur Richard Barry was born in Waupaca, Waupaca county, 
Wisconsin, on March 17, 1877, and is the son of Michael and Jeannette 
(Sumner) Barry. The father was born in Queenstown, Ireland, and 
the mother in Homer, Michigan, whence she came to Wisconsin in her 
girlhood with her parents. The father came from his home in Erin 
to Wisconsin in 1867 and settled in Waupaca county, and it was there 
he met and married his wife. Later he moved to Phillips. Wisconsin, 
where he was one of the first and foremost settlers of that community, 
and where he has been engaged in the practice of law for the past 
thirty-four years, and is still so occupied. The mother passed away at 
the family home there on xipril 13, 1910. 

Michael Barry has been a man of more than ordinary importance 
and position and has held practically every local office of any importance 
in the town of Phillips, in addition to which he has been county treas- 
urer, district attorney, and has been in other ways active in the political 
affairs of his section of the country. To Michael and Jeannette Barry 
five children were born, all of whom are living with the exception of one 
sister, Jessie Margaret, who died on November 14, 1909. As to the 
others, Arthur Richard, the subject, and his sister. Mary J. Barry, 
make their home in Milwaukee ; John S. is a lawyer at Phillips. AVis- 
consin, associated with his father under the firm name of Barry & Barry, 
and Gertrude resides at the family home in Phillips, Wisconsin. Of this 
family Arthur Richardx Barry alone was born in Waupaca, all the others 
having been born at Phillips. 

Arthur Richard Barry was educated in the public schools of Phil- 
lips, Wisconsin, and was graduated from the high school in the class 
of 1893. He was also graduated from the Wisconsin Academy, a pre- 
paratory school at Madison, and later attended the University of Wis- 
consin at that point. He spent two years in that institution, then 
entered the law department of the University of Minnesota and was 
graduated from that school in the class of 1900 witli the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. In 1900 Mr. Barry commenced practice and that 
same year was elected district attorney of Price county. Wisconsin, 
serving two terms in that office. He practiced law in association with 
his father until 1907, under the firm name of Barry & Barry, and from 
there he went with Thomas H. Gill, general attorney for the Wiscon- 
sin Central Railroad, with offices in Chicago. Illinois. He was in the 
Chicago office for one year, when they established an office in the 
Germania Building in Milwaukee in 1908, with the firm name of Gill, 



1128 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Barry & Mahoney, and this partnership endured until June, 1912, when 
Mr. Mahoney withdrew from the firm, which is now known as Gill 
& Barry. 

Mr. Barry is a consistent Republican and he is a member of the 
City, State and American Bar Associations. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order and the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, Lodge No. 46 of Milwaukee. 

On May 2, 1901, Mr. Barry was married to Miss May Monroe, 
daughter of Sidney H. Monroe of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. Mr. Monroe 
is an old soldier and a farmer of considerable prominence in Fond du 
Lac, of which he is a pioneer. He married Margaret Hendry, who 
died when Mrs. Barry was a small child. Mrs. Barry was born, reared 
and educated in Fond du Lac, and after finishing the high school course 
in her native city attended Ripon College. Mr. and Mrs. Barry have 
three living children : Michael Richard, Margaret Jeannette, and Sidney 
Ferris. Their second born child, Monroe Barry, died when he was one 
year old. All four were born in Phillips, Wisconsin, where the family 
lived for some years after the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Barry. 

Otto 0. Wiegand. During thirty years of residence in Shawano 
count}', Mr. Wiegand has had a very busy career, has been identified 
with various useful activities in the city, and in recent years his time 
and services have been required in the public interests. He w^as a 
member of the Legislature, session of 1891 and 1892. He is now r the 
efficient county clerk of Shawano county, in his second term, having 
been elected on the Republican ticket, and taking office in January, 
1911. He was reelected in November, 1912. Prior to that he acted 
as deputy county clerk nine months during 1910, and before that 
served as supervisor of assessments of Shawano county. He was first 
appointed to that office by the tax commission in August, 1905, and 
was formally elected by the county board of supervisors in 1907. Mr. 
Wiegand has had his home in the city of Shawano since 1888, and in 
the county since 1884. 

His native place was Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where he was born on 
a farm July 9, 1860, a son of Carl and Fredericka (Hamann) Wiegand, 
both natives of Germany. The father, a substantial farmer who died 
in 1871, came to America during the decades of the forties and located 
in Wisconsin in 1848, the year in which the territory became a state. 
His home was in Manitowoc county. The mother preceded her hus- 
band to Manitowoc county by a few months. She had married in 
Germany Mr. Mortz Mavis, who died soon after they settled in Wis- 
consin, and she then married Mr. Wiegand. Her death occurred in 
1895. Otto O. Wiegand spent his boyhood on the home farm in 
Manitowoc county, getting his education in the country schools, and 
also attending the Oshkosh Normal. His educational equipment fitted 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1129 

him for work as a teacher, and he was thus engaged for three years in 
Manitowoc county and one year in Shawano county. During his resi- 
dence in Manitowoc county, he acquired an interest in a cheese factory 
and in 1884 moved to Shawano county to establish a cheese factory 
in the town of Washington. That venture did not prove a success, 
and was abandoned after two seasons. For two seasons following Mr. 
Wiegand conducted a sawmill and taught school one winter. Mov- 
ing into the city of Shawano he bought an interest in the Shawano 
County Advocate, one of the well known local newspapers, and was 
identified with its management and editorial control for ten years. 
Selling out he went into the telephone business, establishing an inde- 
pendent line in Shawano county. He was manager of the Independ- 
ent Company for two years, at the end of which time he sold out and 
resumed the management of the Advocate for Mr. M. J. Wallrich. A 
year later he went into the canning business, and was connected with 
that work three years until his appointment as supervisor of assess- 
ments diverted him from private business to public affairs. 

Mr. Wiegand has been twice married. In 1886 he married Miss 
Anna Schultz of the town of Two Rivers in Manitowoc county. She 
died in 1896 leaving two children, Edna and Oscar. In 1905 Mr. 
Wiegand was united in marriage with Alberta Rueckert, of the town 
of Washington, Shawano county. Their four children are : Ashley, 
Grace, Alberta and Pearl. Fraternally Mr. Wiegand is affiliated with 
the Knights of Pythias. 

Frank Washburn Starbuck. The Racine Journal-News (known 
as the Journal until January 1, 1912, at which time it took over the 
Racine Neivs) has been for forty years a paper of broad influence and 
representing the best enterprise in modern newspaper facilities. Its 
successful career throughout this period has been largely associated 
with the name of Starbuck. Mr. Frank W. Starbuck, who has taken 
a part in its management and conduct for forty years, and is presi- 
dent and editor of the Journal Printing Company, has directed the 
best interests of this valuable newspaper ever since. 

The Journal has been first of all a medium for the transmission of 
news and the diffusion of publicity. At the same time it has been 
consistently Republican in politics, though the editors have always 
reserved the right to discuss public news of interest, whether in na- 
tional, state or municipal affairs, from an impartial standpoint. In 
1874, at which date Mr. Starbuck first formed connection with the 
Journal, the paper was a weekly, and about the same time steam 
power was installed for the operation of the machinery of the plant, 
and from that day to this, the Journal has always kept pace 
with the steady gowth and development of the Twin City. The first 
appearance of the daily issue of the Journal was on January 3, 1881, 



1130 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

when a modest four-page six-column paper offered its news to the 
public. Its headquarters were then over the Manufacturers National 
Bank. The success of the daily was never in doubt, and it soon be- 
came necessary to remove the printing establishment and the home 
of the Journal to the Old Belle City Hall; whence again in 1891 the 
plant was removed to 328 Main Street, which had been purchased by 
the company and remodeled into a completely modern newspaper 
printing plant. That is still the home of the Journal. 

In 1894 the daily was increased in size to an eight-page issue, and 
subsequent improvements in the equipment included a perfecting 
press, linotype machines and other equipment. At the same time the 
editorial department was undergoing a continuous expansion, includ- 
ing a leased wire service and Associated Press reports. With these 
specific items of advance, and with a constant improvement in the 
spirit and enterprise of the paper, the Journal has for some years en- 
joyed the distinction of being one of the best edited and printed 
papers in Wisconsin. Machinery of the most modern type has been 
installed, including five Mergenthaler typesetting machines and Hoe 
Web press so that an issue equal to that of many metropolitan dailies 
can now be run off within a few hours. A number of the employees 
in the mechanical department of the Journal office have served from 
fifteen to twenty years, this fact of itself being a fine instance of the 
loyalty which the managers of the paper have inspired among their 
employes. 

The Journal Printing Company was incorporated in 1886 ; Mr. 
Frank W. Starbuck was chosen President of the company; the Vice 
President is William Horlick ; the Secretary and Treasurer is Frank 
R. Starbuck. These officers were also directors. Mr. Griswold, also 
a director, has been continuously identified with the Journal since 
December, 1880. Mr. E. A. Tostevin, now of Mandan, N. D., officiated 
as treasurer until 1909, having entered the service of this enterprise 
in 1887. Mr. Frank R. Starbuck succeeded him as treasurer, having 
been secretary of the company for ten years previously. 

Frank Washburn Starbuck, the editor of the Journal and presi- 
dent of the company just named, was born in the city of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, November 8, 1845. The newspaper business is almost hereditary 
in this family, for his father, Calvin W. Starbuck, was one of the 
prominent newspaper men of Cincinnati, and at one time owner of 
the Cincinnati Times, a paper which had a prominent part as a molder 
of public opinion during the period of the Civil war. 

Frank W. Starbuck came to Racine in 1873. The immediate pur- 
pose of his coming to this city, being to recuperate his health. While 
here he became connected with the Journal, which at that time was 
edited and owned by Colonel W. L. Utley and his son Hamilton. On 
the 1st of January, 1874, Mr. Starbuck bought half an interest in the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1131 

paper from Colonel Utley. Then a year later he bought the remain- 
ing interest from his son, Hamilton. The latter still remained with 
the Journal for some time, but on the discovery of gold in the Black 
Hills of the Dakotas, with a number of associates, he left for those 
fields. On his departure, Mr. Starbuck, who had previously been 
associated largely with the business management of the paper, took 
up the editorial duties, and has wielded the editorial pen ever since, 
with only brief interruptions. 

In 1875 Mr. Starbuck married Miss Mattie Raymond, who passed 
away March 16, 1912. Mrs. Starbuck was a native of Racine, and the 
daughter of the late Seneca Raymond. The four living children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Starbuck are Helen, Marguerite, Genevieve and Frank. 
The oldest daughter, however, Helen, was the child of Mr. Starbuck 
by his former marriage to Miss Carrie Golden, of Cincinnati. 

L. F. Shoemaker. On January 1, 1897, L. F. Shoemaker was elected 
to the office of county clerk of Waupaca county, Wisconsin, and he 
has retained that office through every consecutive election since that 
time, a fact which is a more effective commentary upon the character 
of his service than any wordy statement might be, however closely it 
adhered to fact. Other public service, too, has marked his career in 
this, the county of his birth, and with it all, he has carried on a farming 
enterprise that is especially creditable. Mr. Shoemaker was born in 
Waupaca county, Wisconsin, on March 27, 1856, his father's farm in 
the town of Dayton being his birthplace, and he is a son of Frederick 
and Jane (Lewis) Shoemaker. Born in 1826, Frederick Shoemaker is 
a native of Alsace, then under French rule, and his wife is a 
native of Wausau, New York. Frederick Shoemaker was twenty years 
old when he came to America, and he first located in New York state, 
there working on a farm, where he met and married his wife. After 
marriage they came to Waupaca county, Wisconsin, and bought a farm 
in the town of Dayton, where they passed the remaining days of their 
lives. The father died there in 1896 at the age of seventy years, his 
widow surviving him until five years later, death claiming her when 
she was in the seventy-fifth year of her life. They were pioneers of 
their section of the county, among the very first to establish homes in 
Dayton, and they passed all their days on their farm there. They reared 
four children : Lewis Frederick, of this review ; Lucy, who married 
A. R. Potts; Truman, and Corinne. 

Lewis Frederick Shoemaker grew to manhood on the Dayton farm 
of his parents, and he received his education in the district schools. 
He was something of a scholar, and when he was seventeen years old 
began teaching, a work in which he continued successfully until he was 
about thirty-five years of age. He confined that part of his activities, 
however, to the winter seasons, for he devoted his summers to farming, 
and when he was at the age mentioned above, he took over a part of the 



1132 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

old Shoemaker farm of his parents and thereafter devoted all his time 
to farm life. Six years later, in 1897, he was elected to the office of 
county clerk of Waupaca county, and is still the incumbent of that 
office, as has been stated in an opening paragraph. Since that time he 
has retained a residence in this city, renting the farm, instead of giving 
his direct attention to its operation. 

Mr. Shoemaker has had a part in many of the business enterprises 
of this place, and was one of the organizers of the Rural Telephone 
Company, of which he is now secretary. He is also a stockholder in 
the Old National Bank of Waupaca. In addition to his service as county 
clerk, he has given other valued service among which might be men- 
tioned his five years' incumbency of the office of town clerk, and chair- 
man of the town board for three years. He has been a member of the 
Waupaca school board for several years, serving one term as president 
of the board some years ago, and being again elected to that position in 
May, 1913. His service on the board has been most praiseworthy, and 
he has aided not a little in the matter of raising the standard of edu- 
cation in the city schools. 

In 1890 Mr. Shoemaker was married to Ella E. Poland, the marriage 
occurring on March 19th of that year. She is a daughter of Samuel 
Poland, deceased, a pioneer of Dayton. Mr. 'and Mrs. Shoemaker have 
two children : Laura M. and Frederick W. Shoemaker. 

Few men in this city have a greater list of friends in the county 
than has Mr. Shoemaker. A man of intense public spirit he has been 
influential in an especially beneficial way in the city, and with his 
family he enjoys a pleasing position in the community that represents 
their home and the center of their activities. 

Levi H. Pelton, M. D. There are few active Wisconsin physicians 
who combine the experiences of the pioneer doctor with the modern rep- 
resentatives of the profession in a more interesting manner than Dr. 
Pelton, who for forty years has been identified with medical practice 
in Wisconsin, and since 1885, has held a high place both as a physician 
and a citizen in Waupaca. Besides his individual career, Dr. Pelton 
is a distinctive Wisconsin man, having been born in this state, and by 
family ties is related to some of the oldest pioneer settlers. 

Levi H. Pelton was born in Sheboygan county, town of Linden, in 
a log house on July 10, 1848, that year being notable as the date at 
which Wisconsin territory became a state of the union. His parents 
were Russel and Eliza (Thompson) Pelton, Wisconsin pioneers. Russel 
Pelton was born in Trumbull county, in the Western Reserve of Ohio. 
Eliza, his wife, was born in Genesee county, New York. They grew up 
in separate localities, and their paths did not unite until they reached 
Wisconsin. Russel Pelton came to Wisconsin alone, while his wife came 
with her mother and oldest brother by way of the great lakes to Mil- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1133 

waukee, and thence by wagon followed a blazed trail inland. Some 
years later Russel Pelton and Eliza Thompson were married and located 
on a farm in Sheboygan county. The father moved from the farm in 
the fall of 1885, to Waupaca, where he remained until his death at the 
age of seventy-two in 1894. His widow survived him until 1903 when 
she was eighty-one years of age. There were two children in the family, 
the older being Dr. Pelton, and the younger Martha, wife of A. G. 
Harmon, of the state of Washington. 

The first sixteen years of his life Dr. Pelton spent on his father's 
farm, and it was in the wholesome environment of the country that he 
gained those impressions and experiences which are so vital in the per- 
fection of character. He had to be content with the educational op- 
portunities afforded by the country school, but he finished a high 
school course at Plymouth. For some time after that he studied medi- 
cine at Plymouth, under the preceptorship of Dr. W. D. Moorehouse, 
one of the leading physicians of that time. In the winter of 1871, he 
entered Rush Medical College at Chicago, and during 1872-73 was a 
student in the Bellevue Hospital Medical College of New York, from 
which institution he graduated with the class of 1873 as a doctor of 
medicine. 

Returning to his native state he took up his professional duties at 
St. Cloud, in Fond du Lac county. From there he moved to Waldo in 
Sheboygan county, in 1876, and six years later in 1882 established him- 
self at Sheboygan Falls. In the spring of 1885 he made his permanent 
location at Waupaca, and has practiced here with continued success 
for nearly thirty years. As already stated, during the many years of 
his practice, Dr. Pelton has experienced all the hardships of the pioneer 
physicians. Especially during his early years he attended a la rue 
country practice and that was a number of years before the good 
roads movement was inaugurated, and before the introduction of tele- 
phones, automobiles and other facilities which almost eliminate the 
physical hardship from the routine of a physician's life. In the early 
days the only method of reaching him was by personal messenger, and 
he has often ridden post haste at the heels of some such messenger far 
into the country, both day and night, and in all kinds of weather. Dr. 
Pelton was one of the first to realize the advantages of the automobile 
as an aid to the physician, and has longed owned and used a motor ear. 
In recent years much of his practice has been confined to office counsel, 
and thus the hardships of his early practice are now only a memory. 
Though he graduated from medical school forty years ago. Dr. Pelton 
has ever been an eager student of medicine and surgery, and his ex- 
tensive library is as well stocked with the most recent acquisitions in 
scientific literature as that of any among the more modern products of 
medical colleges. 

In August. 1873, Dr. Pelton married Kate Ellen BrOwn. Their 



1134 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

marriage was celebrated at Plymouth, Wisconsin, and she died at 
Waldo, Wisconsin, in 1880. On October 12, 1881, Dr. Pelton was united 
in marriage with Julia A. Gordinier, at Sheboygan Falls. Mrs. Pelton 
is a daughter of John and Julia Etta (Sibley) Gordinier, a remarkable 
pioneer couple of Waupaca county, whose lives are briefly sketched in 
following paragraphs. To Dr. and Mrs. Pelton were bom two sons, 
the elder child, Frank Russell, died aged five and one-half years ; John 
Gordinier Pelton graduated from the dental department of the North- 
western University in Chicago in the spring of 1912. On his gradua- 
tion, as a result of his exceptional work as an under-graduate, he was 
appointed by the faculty as a demonstrator in the operation room at 
the University. He also opened an office at 536 West Chicago Avenue 
in Chicago, and has built up a very successful patronage in his line of 
work. The University Faculty has recently renewed his contract as 
demonstrator. Dr. John G. Pelton has many friends in Waupaca who 
are interested in his success, and he was also ver t y popular during 
college days and prominent in his Greek Letter fraternity. 

Dr. L. H. Pelton has been an active worker in connection with the 
organized activities of his profession. He is a member of the Wisconsin 
State Medical Association, of which he was president one year and vice 
president for two years; at the present time he is serving his second 
year as president of the Ninth Councilor District Medical Society, and 
was for two years president of the Waupaca Medical Society ; is also a 
member of the American Medical Association. Besides his interest 
in these societies, he has contributed a number of scientific papers and 
reports to the various medical journals. Dr. Pelton formerly served 
as health commissioner and city physician at Waupaca for ten years. 
He is a member of the different branches of the Masonic Fraternity of 
Waupaca. The doctor's well appointed offices are on the second floor 
of the Old National Bank Building on Main Street, while his residence 
is at 329 Jefferson Street. 

John and Julia Etta (Sibley) Gordinier. The history of Wiscon- 
sin will best fulfill its purposes which preserves in enduring record the 
largest number of careers of those noble men and women who as pioneers 
laid the foundation of the solid prosperity and affluence which this 
state has in recent years enjoyed as a harvest of their early toils and 
hardships. Among such names most entitled to distinction in Waupaca 
county are those of John and Julia Etta (Sibley) Gordinier. The 
former is now deceased, but his widow, now in her ninety-first year, is 
one of the most venerable women of the old-times, a survivor from that 
early period, and with a mind stored with many pleasing reminiscences 
of early days. 

Julia Etta Sibley was born in Erie county, New York, May 1, 1823, 
and was a daughter of Benjamin and Anna Sibley, both of old eastern 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1135 

stock. Benjamin Sibley was for many years a farmer in Erie county, 
New York. His wife came from Connecticut, in which state they were 
married, and was a native of Wilmington. Her ancestors were early 
cotton mill operators, and quite prosperous for their day and genera- 
tion. In 1847 Benjamin Sibley moved his family west, having sold his 
farm in New York state, and followed his oldest daughter and second 
son, Mary Ann and Charles, to Wisconsin. With his wife and two 
children, Amanda and Clark, Benjamin Sibley made the western trip 
by way of the great lakes, and eventually located in Sheboygan county. 
Taking up a farm in the town of Linden, he lived there until his death 
three years later in 1850, at the age of sixty-three years. His widow 
survived and was eighty-five years of age at the time of her death 
which occurred at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Mary Prentice, in 
Sheboygan Falls, in 1875. In the family of Benjamin Sibley were six 
children, mentioned as follows: Jonathan; Mary, who married W T . H. 
Prentice ; Amanda, who became the wife of John Shadbolt ; Julia Etta, 
who married John Gordinier; Charles; and Clark. All these children 
are now deceased except Mrs. Gordinier. 

Mrs. Gordinier in her younger days lived in Erie county, New York, 
on a farm. She received her education in the old-time county schools, 
and was given further advantages in the Aurora Academy at Aurora, 
New York, and select schools. Being fitted for work in educational 
lines, she taught school seven terms in her home county, and also at 
Buffalo. Her teaching was at Black Rock, on the Niagara River, then 
a suburb, but now in the heart of the city of Buffalo. Her career as 
a teacher came to an end, when on April 8, 1847, she was united in 
marriage with John Gordinier. John Gordinier was born in Mont- 
gomery county, New York, at Fultonville, and often referred to himself 
at a "Mohawk Dutchman." Seven years after their marriage John 
and Julia Gordinier came west by boat through the lakes, which was 
then the popular route of western travel, and at Chicago changed boats 
and finally landed in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Their first winter was 
spent at Green Lake, and thence by wagon they proceeded to Waupaca 
county. That was about the year 1855, and as those familiar with the 
settlement of Waupaca county know, this region was then practically 
in its wilderness condition. Mr. and Mrs. Gordinier bought forty acres 
of land in the town of Lind, and subsequently they secured one hundred 
and sixty acres at the regular government price. On the first purchase 
stood a log house, and in that humble abode they began their career 
as Waupaca County citizens. 

The late John Gordinier was a man of exceptional enterprise as a 

farmer and stock raiser. This section of the state is indebted to him 

for introducing the first St. Lawrence stock horses, and also the first 

v high-grade Durham cattle and the Brahma strain of fowls. Not only 

did he keep the best of stock on his own farm, but was very public 



1136 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

spirited in this matter, and did much to induce others to follow his 
example, and it may be said that Waupaca county largely owing' to that 
influence has been for many years noted for the high quality of its 
live stock. 

John Gordinier continued to improve his land, and twice replaced 
older buildings with a set of new and modern improvements. The land 
and homestead continued under his ownership and possession until 1900 
when it was sold. 

The place of John Gordinier in AVaupaca county was not only due 
to his enterprise as a farmer and stockman, but he is also remembered 
for his participation in public affairs. For two terms he served as 
sheriff of the county, and of late years was poormaster. At that time 
the county's insane were kept on the poor farm. It is said that while 
Mrs. Gordinier had charge of the poor farm cooking, the table rivaled 
many of the first-class hotels. 

John Gordinier died on the old farm on July 18th, 1903, in his 
eighty-first year. After his death his widow came to Waupaca, where 
she now makes her home with her daughter and son-in-law, Dr. and 
Mrs. Pelton. Though at the age of ninety-one, her memory is still 
keen, her eyesight and hearing good, and she is one of the beloved and 
venerable women of the state. She is full of that keen wit which would 
cause one to suspect her of Irish origin. She often refers in a joking 
way to her former life in the county jail and county poor house. 

To the marriage of John Gordinier and Julia Etta Sibley were 
born six children : Lucas, who was killed by lightning at the age of 
ten years; Julia, now the wife of Dr. L. H. Pelton; Charles S., who mar- 
ried Mary Meiklejohn, and is the father of one child, May, who is in 
turn the wife of H. F. Steele, and has a child, Charles Gordon, who is 
thus a great-grandson of Mrs. Gordinier; May, wife of E. B. Jeffers; 
John, who died in 1877 ; and Hattie, who died in 1894 as Mrs. J. W. 
Hanford, of Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Besides these children two died 
in infancy, Anna and Morgan L. 

John V. R. Lyman, M. D. For more than thirty years Dr. Lyman's 
prominent and successful career as a surgeon has been identified with 
the city of Eau Claire. His work has been largely in the field of sur- 
gery, in which his technical skill, broad experience, and extensive 
training, both in the new and old world medical centers, have given 
him a distinctive place, not only in his home city, but in the state. 
There is perhaps no surgeon in Wisconsin who has kept so closely 
abreast of the times, and who has so modified his individual methods 
in accordance with the broader experience of the world's profession 
as has Dr. Lyman. 

John V. R. Lyman is a native of Wisconsin, born at Pepin in Pepin 
county, June 13, 1857, a son of Timothy M. and Valeria (Reinhard) 




Jty7?cZL*~u*~s Jfa.AL 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1137 

Lyman. His father, who was a native of Massachusetts, born August 
28, 1819, was a highly educated man, a graduate of Amherst College 
in the class of 1840, and for many years a missionary and a minister 
of the Congregational church. His missionary work began in 1853, 
in Iowa, at Lansing, where his influence and activity made him a 
power for good among the pioneer population in that vicinity. Two 
or three years later, still pursuing his regular vocation as a mis- 
sionary, he moved to Pepin, Wisconsin, which ^vas his home for a 
number of years, and at the time of his death he was engaged in mis- 
sionary work at Bar Harbor, in the state of Maine. His death occurred 
at Bar Harbor in 1883. His wife, who was born in Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, died when a young woman of only thirty years. Two 
sons were born to Timothy Lyman and wife, namely : William B., 
whose home is now in Boise, Idaho, and Dr. Lyman. 

Dr. Lyman's early education was almost continuous and from the 
elementary schools his training advanced in regular order until his 
graduation prepared him for a professional career. At one time he was 
a student in the Fort Madison Academy at Fort Madison, Iowa, and 
from there entered the Rush Medical College of Chicago, an institu- 
tion which has graduated a large number of the ablest physicians and 
surgeons in the middle west. Among the alumni of Rush Medical 
College, Dr. Lyman's name will be found with the class of 1880, and 
his subsequent career has added to the many distinctions won by the 
graduates of that college. His home and center of practice have 
been in Eau Claire since his graduation. The only interruption to his 
regular work has been his numerous trips to the Old World to attend 
the clinics in such centers as Berlin, Hamburg, Goettigen, Vienna, and 
London. All his time has been devoted to the study and practice of 
surgery. Dr. Lyman is surgeon at Eau Claire for the Chicago, St. 
Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railroad and also for the Soo Line, a 
position he has held for many years. He is also surgeon for the 
Sacred Heart Hospital in Eau Claire. His fraternal affiliations have 
been with his brother practitioners, and the Masonic order and much 
of his spare time has been given in connection with the various asso- 
ciations of which he is a member. Dr. Lyman is at the present writing 
serving as president of the district Medical Society of Wisconsin, has 
been president of the Wisconsin State Medical Society, is a member of 
th"e Surgeons Association of the United States, and of the American 
Medical Association. For a number of years, he was a member of the 
Eau Claire Board of Health. His politics is Republican, but his pro- 
fession has demanded all his time and energy, and his public service 
has been entirely within the limits of his special vocation. 

At Eau Claire in 1881, Dr. Lyman married Maude Kepler. The 
two children born to their marriage are: John V. R., Jr., now a resi- 
dent of New York City, and Valeria, who died in infancy. On 
August 21, 1908, Dr. Lyman married Mary Sylvester of Minneapolis. 
Their one son is Richard. 



1138 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Henry I. Weed. A resident of Wisconsin since his boyhood days, 
Mr. Weed has gained distinction and success as one of the representative 
members of the bar of the state and for thirty years has been engaged 
in the practice of his profession in the city of Oshkosh. He is a liberal 
and progressive citizen and his character and services have been such 
as to honor his profession and the state that has been the stage of his 
well directed endeavors. That he is firmly entrenched in popular con- 
fidence and esteem has been shown by his having been called to various 
offices of distinctive public trust, including that of member of the state 
senate. 

Mr. Weed claims the Empire state as the place of his nativity and in 
the same commonwealth were born his parents, both families having 
early been founded in that section of the Union. He was born in Liv- 
ingston county, New York, on the 10th of February, 1861, and is a 
son of Seth H. and Nancy (Foland) Weed, the former of whom sacri- 
ficed his life while serving as a patriot soldier in the Civil war and the 
latter of whom now resides in the home of her son Henry I., of this 
review, she having attained to the venerable age of seventy-eight years, 
in 1913. The father was a prosperous farmer in the state of New 
York at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war, and he forthwith 
tendered his services in defense of the Union, by enlisting as a member 
of the First New York Dragoons. With this gallant command he pro- 
ceeded to the front and with the same he continued in active service 
until the battle of the Wilderness was fought, and he was killed in this 
sanguinary conflict. 

After the close of the war Henry I. Weed, who was then a lad of 
four years, came with his mother to Wisconsin, and he was reared to 
manhood in Winnebago county, within which he has continued to reside 
during, the long intervening years, which have been marked by large 
and worthy achievement on his part. Here he duly profited by the ad- 
vantages afforded in the public schools, and at the age of fifteen years 
he entered: Lawrence University, at Appleton, where he continued his 
studies for three years, after which he was a student in the University 
of Wisconsin, at Madison, a member of the class of 1882. 

After leaving the university Mr. Weed began the study of law, under 
the preceptorship of Gabriel Bouck, who was at that time one of the 
leading lawyers of Oshkosh. He made rapid progress in his absorption 
and assimilation of the involved science of jurisprudence and was ad- 
mitted to the bar of the state in 1883. He has been continuously 
engaged in the practice of his profession in the city of Oshkosh, and his 
success has been on a parity with his recognized ability as a versatile 
advocate and well fortified counselor. His clientele has long been one 
of representative order and he has been retained in connection with 
a large amount of the important litigation in the courts of this section 
of the state within the past quarter of a century. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1139 

Mr. Weed served as city attorney of Oshkosh from 1890 to 1895, and 
represented his district in the state senate from 1898 to 1902. He was 
a most active and valued working member of the upper house of the 
state legislature and his influence was there effective in the fostering 
of wise policies and measures. In 1896 he was the nominee of his 
party for the office of attorney general of the state, but his defeat was 
compassed by the normal political exigencies which carried victory to 
the opposing party ticket, He has ever been arrayed as a stalwart ad- 
vocate of the principles of the Democratic party and has given effective 
service in behalf of its cause. He served as a member of the military 
staff of Governor Peck, with the rank of colonel. For eleven years Mr. 
Weed was attorney for the Oshkosh Street Railway Company and he 
has been for a number of years general counsel for the Wisconsin Na- 
tional Life Insurance Company, besides which he is legal representative 
for other important corporations. Mr. Weed has been most active and 
influential as a member of the Knights of Pythias, and he served as 
grand chancellor of the Wisconsin grand lodge of this order in 1890-91. 
In the Masonic fraternity his maximum affiliation is with the Oshkosh 
commandery of Knights Templar, and he also holds membership in the 
local lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

On the 14th of June, 1905, was recorded the marriage of Mr. Weed 
to Miss Genevieve Budd, daughter of George H. Budd, a representa- 
tive citizen of Oshkosh, and she is a most popular factor in connection 
with the leading social activities of her home city. 

Edward F. Goes. One of the substantial business men and loyal 
and progressive citizens of Milwaukee is Mr. Goes, who is vice president 
of the Vilter Manufacturing Company, an important industrial con- 
cern of which adequate mention is made on other pages of this work, 
in the sketch of the career of Theodore 0. Vilter, president of the com- 
pany. Mr. Goes is a native of the city that is now his home and is 
a representative of one of its sterling pioneer families, though he 
was but a boy when he accompanied his parents on their return to 
Germany, the land of their birth, where he was reared and educated. 
It is a matter of definite satisfaction to him that in his native city 
he has been able to achieve through his own efforts a large degree of 
success and inviolable popular esteem, and he is consistently to be 
designated as one of the representative business men of the Wisconsin 
metropolis. 

Edward F. Goes was born in Milwaukee on the Kith of November. 
1858, and is a son of Frederick and Emma (Gerlach) Goes, both of 
whom were born and reared in the kingdom of Bavaria. Germany, where 
their marriage was solemnized and where they continued to reside 
until 1850, when they came to America and numbered themselves as 
members of the very appreciable German contingent in Milwaukee. 



1140 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Here Frederick Goes soon became one of the interested principals in 
the Goes & Falk Brewing Company, with which he continued to be 
actively identified until 1867, when he returned to Germany, in com- 
pany with his family, both he and his wife there passing the residue 
of their lives, honored by all who knew them. Frederick Goes was born 
in the year 1819 and died in the picturesque and historic city of Bam- 
berg, Bavaria, in March, 1893, his cherished and devoted wife being 
summoned to the life eternal in 1898. Of their three sons George 
W. is deceased, and Edward F. and Frederick are both residents of 
Milwaukee. 

He whose name initiates this review acquired his rudimentary edu- 
cation in Milwaukee and was about nine years of age at the time of 
the family removal to Germany, where he received excellent educational 
advantages, including those of the gymnasium, or high school, at Frank- 
fort. Thereafter he completed an effective engineering course in the 
city of Munich, and in 1883, when twenty-four years of age, he returned 
to America and established his home in Milwaukee, the place of his 
birth. Here he assumed a position as draftsman in the employ of the 
Vilter Manufacturing Company, and within a short time he purchased 
stock in the company, of which he has been vice president since 1898. 
He has exerted much influence in the development and upbuilding of 
the extensive and important enterprise with which he has been long 
connected and is known as a business man of exceptional administrative 
capacity, as well as one of impregnable integrity and marked conserva- 
tism. He has won a host of friends in his native city and state and 
is liberal and public-spirited as a citizen. He is a valued and popular 
member of the Deutscher Club and the Milwaukee Athletic Club. 

April 25, 1889, bore record of the marriage of Mr. Goes to Miss 
Addie Schweitzer, who was born and reared in Milwaukee and who is 
a daughter of the late Joseph Schweitzer, one of the well known and 
highly esteemed representatives of the pioneer German element in Wis- 
consin. Mr. and Mrs. Goes have one son, Frederick T., now in Leland 
Stanford, Jr., University, at Palo Alto, California. The son was born in 
Milwaukee and is a scion of the third generation of the Goes family in 
Wisconsin. 

Alex D. Sutton. The city of Ehinelander in Oneida county has 
a history of about thirty years, and the first important industry which 
did more than anything else to give the town a start was the Brown 
Brothers Lumber Company. In the sawmill established by the company 
at Rhinelander, Alexander D. Sutton became an employe on April, 1883, 
and since that time has been continuously identified with the city, and 
most of the time in an official capacity. He is now city treasurer of 
Rhinelander, an office he has held since 1894, in which year the city was 
incorporated. Mr. Sutton is also president of the Rhinelander School 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1141 

Commission, having been a member of that body since 1896 and presi- 
dent since 1909. He is a well known and popular citizen, and has been 
one of the factors in the improvement and growth of Rhinelander. 

Born at Waterford, in Racine county, Wisconsin, August 6, 1861, 
Alex D. Sutton was one in the family of children born to John and 
Mary Jane (Foote) Sutton. The mother was born in New York state 
while the father was a native of England. They were married in Wis- 
consin, and John Sutton was a flour miller. The family located in 
Portage county, Wisconsin, in 1871, and lived at Plover and at Stevens 
Point for a number of years. John Sutton operated a flour mill at 
Plover. 

The first practical experience of Alex D. Sutton after leaving school 
was in the floor mill conducted by his father at Plover, and he continued 
in that line for five years. After that he took the more open life of 
the river, woods and saw mills, and became familiar with every phase of 
the lumber industry of the north woods. From Stevens Point he went 
to Rhinelander in 1883, as already stated, and continued as one of the 
expert workmen in different departments of lumbering until he was 
elected town treasurer of the town of Pelican. With the incorporation 
of the city of Rhinelander, his office became that of city treasurer. For 
five years, Mr. Sutton was in the employ of the Brown Brothers, being 
in the logging camp as a scaler, during the winter, and working at the 
saw mill during the summer, following that employment until his elec- 
tion as city treasurer. Since 1896-1897, Mr. Sutton has also been 
superintendent of the Rhinelander Water Works, and he is president 
of the fire and police board. 

In 1884 occurred the marriage of Mr. Sutton \o Lizzie C. Hanson, 
of Shawano county, Wisconsin. Their four children are Walter, Flor- 
ence, Edna, and Harold. Fraternally Mr. Sutton is one of the leading 
Masons in this section of the state, having taken thirty-two degrees of 
the Scottish Rite, also the degrees of the Ywk Rite including the Knights 
Templar, and belongs to the Mystic Shrine. He is treasurer of the 
Blue Lodge of Masons at Rhinelander. 

E. R. Murphy, M. D. Throughout practically all his career as a 
physician and surgeon, Mr. Murphy's practice has been in the extreme 
northern section of Wisconsin. He is now located at Berlin, in Green 
Lake county, with offices at Dr. De Voe's former location. Dr Murphy 
began practice at Rhinelander in the spring of 1912. and prior to that 
for eight years was located at Crandon, in Forest county. In the fall 
of 1913 Dr. Murphy left Rhinelander to locate at Berlin. Wisconsin, 
where he took over the practice of Charles A. De Yoe, M. IX. the doctor 
firmly believing that there was an unusual opening at this point Eor a 
surgeon as there had been a new hospital started there o\' late. The suc- 
cess of Dr. Murphy has been won on the basis of exceptional native tal- 



1142 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ent, and an unusually extensive training and equipment for his chosen 
work, especially in surgery. He is a graduate of Marquette Medical Col- 
lege of Milwaukee, with the class of 1903. After leaving medical college 
he was First Assistant at Milwaukee County Hospital during 1903-04, 
where he received his surgical training. This was followed by six months 
in the Germania Clinical Laboratory and then for six months he was in 
research work at the Milwaukee Branch of the Summit Sanitarium. 
While there most of his study and experience were connected w 7 ith dis- 
eases of the thorax. With this extended equipment, Dr. Murphy went to 
Crandon, and engaged in practice there until locating at Rhinelander. 

Dr. E. R. Murphy was born in the city of Milwaukee, June 24, 1876, 
a son of G. C. and Frances (Ferris) Murphy, both of w T hom still reside 
in Milwaukee. Dr. Murphy grew up in Milwaukee, had his early edu- 
cation in the public schools, and previous to entering medical college 
was a student in St. John's Military Academy at Delafield, Wisconsin. 
Dr. Murphy gives most of his attention to surgery, and he has made 
a record as a skillful and careful operator. He was a member of the 
surgical staff of St. Mary's hospital in Rhinelander. He has member- 
ship in the Oneida county and the Wisconsin State Medical Societies, 
and the American Medical Association. 

. In 1906 Dr. Murphy married Marie Cummings, of Chicago. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 

Isaac H. Moulton. As president of the La Crosse Telephone Com- 
pany, I. H. Moulton occupies a place of prominence in business circles 
of this city, where he has been established since December, 1864. He 
has had a long and varied business experience, and success has attended 
his efforts throughout his career. A man of the most excellent busi- 
ness sense and possessing the worthiest traits of character, his life has 
been one of significance to the city with which he has so long been 
identified, and his position today in La Crosse is sure, and marred by 
no element of disfavor. 

I. H. Moulton w r as born at Foxcroft, Piscataquis county, Maine, 
on November 28, 1828, and there he attended the common schools in 
his boyhood days, finishing his academic training at the Foxcroft 
Academy. He was tw r enty-one years old when in 1849 he removed to 
Salmon Falls, New Hampshire, where he was engaged as a clerk and 
bookkeeper until 1852, when he went to New York City. He was 
there engaged in a similar capacity, and after three years removed to 
Providence, Rhode Island, and established a grocery business on his 
own responsibility. He conducted the place for some eight months, 
then disposed of the business and returned to Nashua, New Hamp- 
shire. In the spring of 1857 he went to St. Anthony Falls and opened 
a dry goods, and crockery business, but the financial crash of 1857 
closed him out. The next year he ventured into the steamboating 




<^_ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1143 

business, which he continued in until the 1st of August, 1869, when 
he accepted the agency of the C. M. & St. P. Railway Company at La 
Crosse. He continued thus until 1894, when he resigned. He was 
appointed United States Surveyor at the port of delivery. La Crosse, 
and he held the office for two years, in later years being re-appointed 
and holding'the same office for seven additional years. He served 
under Grant's second administration and also served through Pres- 
ident Hayes' administration. In 1869 Mr. Moulton engaged in the 
coal business in La Crosse, which he has conducted with all the success 
from then until now. In 1895 he became connected with the Eureka 
Chemical Manufacturing Company, in which he has continued to 
maintain an active interest since that time. He was appointed Com- 
mercial Agent in August, 1912, for the Erie Railroad in this city, 
and was one of the original promoters of the La Crosse Telephone 
Company, and in 1895 was made president of the concern, an office 
which he has since maintained. In 1879 he became director of the 
Oak Grove Cemetery, and for a number of years was a director 
of the National Bank of La Crosse. His life has been a busy and 
active one, and few, if any, worthy enterprises have been inaugurated 
in La Crosse that have not felt his influence and his active connection 
therewith. 

Mr. Moulton is well advanced in Masonry, and became a Master 
Mason on April 1, 1857, at Rising Sun Lodge, Nashua, New Hamp- 
shire. He took his Royal Arch degree at St. Anthony Falls, Min- 
nesota, now St. Paul, and his Knight Templar degree in La Crosse. 

All his life Mr. Moulton has been a stanch Republican and has given 
worthy support to the activities of that party. He has served his 
city as alderman from the 4th ward, and his connection with munic- 
ipal politics has always resulted in the best good of the city. Mr. 
Moulton has been a member of the La Crosse Board of Trade for a 
number of years. 

On April 4, 1852, Mr. Moulton was married to Miss Hannah Max- 
well, the marriage taking place at Salmon Falls, New Hampshire. 
Five children were born to them, — two of whom are living today: 
Abbie M. Burton, the wife of Frank Burton of Milwaukee, and 
Harriet E. Skinner, the wife of J. W. Skinner, of this city. 

Gust Swedberg. Among the substantial citizens brought by the 
lumber industry into northern Wisconsin and who have since remained 
as important factors in different communities, is Gust Swedburg, present 
city clerk of Rhinelander, and by his services probably more closely 
identified with public affairs in that city than any other man. He is 
now in his twelfth consecutive year as city clerk, having first taken up 
the duties of that office in 1902. The city council appointed the clerks, 
under the municipal law, up to 1911, and since that year the office has 



1144 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

been an elective one. He was elected city clerk in 1911, and his services 
in the position were again approved by local citizens in the spring of 
1913. Mr. Swedberg has been a resident of Rhinelander since 1891, em- 
ployed as a lumber grader until he took his present office. He also 
served two years from 1900 to 1902 as deputy clerk of the circuit court 
of Oneida county. 

Gust Swedberg has been a resident of Wisconsin since 1891, coming 
here from Big Rapids, Michigan, where he was a lumber grader, and 
his early career was in the woods and about the lumber camps, and by 
hard work and application he was advanced from the position of 
a common laborer to one of the responsible places in the lumber in- 
dustry. Gust Swedberg was born in Sweden, September 1, 1869, a 
son of John and Mary (Olson) Swedberg. His father, who was a 
butcher, was killed by a bull, when the son Gust was a year and a half 
old. The son was reared in Sweden, attended school there, and came 
to America at the age of seventeen in 1886. From his early years he 
has had to depend upon himself for his advancement and success, and 
his prosperity is very creditable. He was employed at Big Rapids, 
Michigan, from 1886 until he moved to Rhinelander. 

The city clerkship is not the only important relation of Mr. Swed- 
berg to the community of Rhinelander. He is secretary of the board of 
education, secretary of the board of review, of which he is now a 
member, is a member and secretary of the Rhinelander Cemetery Com- 
mission, and secretary of the Rhinelander Board of Public Works. 

In Rhinelander in 1893, Mr. Swedberg married Alma Nelson, who 
died in March, 1911, leaving five children, as follows : George, Clarence, 
Mildred, Carl and Chester. On June 13, 1912, Mr. Swedberg married 
Anna Stywald, of Rhinelander. Their one child is Vernon. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Swedberg is affiliated with the Fraternal Order of Eagles, 
is secretary of the local Fraternal Reserve Association, belongs to the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and the S. H. & E. F. of A. He is a mem- 
ber of the Varden Singing Society of Rhinelander, and for twenty years 
has been a member and secretary of the Swedish Lutheran church. Mr. 
Swedberg 's home is at 1015 Mason street. 

Hon. Sam S. Miller. One of the most successful members of the 
bar of northern Wisconsin, and one who has been in active practice for 
forty years, Mr. Miller is now senior member of the law firm of Miller 
& Reeves, of Rhinelander, in which city he has practiced for a quarter 
of a century, and was one of the early members of the bar of Oneida 
county. The junior member of the firm is Harry L. Reeves, who is now 
city attorney for Rhinelander. The offices of this firm are in the First 
National Bank Building, and Mr. Miller is a director in the First Na- 
tional Bank and its attorney. Sam S. Miller was admitted to the bar 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1145 

in Wisconsin in 1873, in the year of his graduation from the law de- 
partment from the University of Wisconsin. 

The Miller family have lived in Wisconsin since it became a state, 
and Mr. Miller was born on a farm in Dane county near Cliristiana 
on July 17, 1850. His parents were B. S. and Martha (Coon/ .Miller, 
both of whom were natives of Madison county, New York state, where 
they were reared and married. They moved to Wisconsin in 1847, 
locating on a farm in Dane county. The father, who was a cabinet- 
maker and joiner by trade, spent most of his active years and energies 
on the Dane county farm. He then moved to Wausau in 1880, and 
there worked at his trade for many years in the Curtis & Yale Sash. 
Door & Blind Factory. Coming in 1911 on a visit to Rhinelander, he 
one day wandered away from his son's home, and has never since been 
heard of. He was eighty-seven years of age at the time, and it is sup- 
posed that he was drowned in the lake. 

Sam S. Miller is proud of the fact that he had a country rearing 
and training, and grew up in the vigorous discipline of a farm, attend- 
ing the district schools every winter term. He finished his literary edu- 
cation in the Albion Academy, and then for several years taught rural 
schools. During vacation he read law in law offices in Madison, and in 
1873 was graduated from the law department of the University. His 
first practice as a lawyer was at Whitehall, in Trempealeau county, Wis- 
consin, where he was one of the successful and highly honored attorneys 
until his removal to Rhinelander in 1887. Just prior to his removal 
he served one term in the State Assembly, representing Trempealeau 
county. Mr. Miller has had, in addition to his successes as a lawyer, 
many public honors. In 1890 he was elected district attorney of Oneida 
county, taking offices in January, 1891. He served two terms. In 
1898 he was again elected to that office and served until 1909. Each lime 
his election came on the Republican ticket. For several years Mr. 
Miller served as secretary of the school board of the town of Pelican, 
prior to the incorporation of the city of Rhinelander. 

His first marriage in 1878 was to Anna Mosher, who died in 1899. 
Her four children were: Elizabeth, a teacher in the schools at Seattle, 
Washington; Florence, wife of Dr. L. T. Sidwell, of Glenwood, Iowa, 
and they have one child, Margaret Elizabeth; Margaret, who died in 
1904 at the age of ten years; and Anna M. In 1901 Mr. Miller was 
united in marriage with Mary Oakey of Madison, Wisconsin. For sev- 
eral years she was a teacher in the schools at Sheboygan. 

Charles Asmundsen. The present sheriff of Oneida county. Wis- 
consin, represents a family which has been identified with this state 
for -more than thirty years, and which in the years since coming strangers 
to a strange land, its members have won substantial places in their 
various communities, and have in several instances been honored with 



1146 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

official position and responsibility. Charles Asniundsen was elected to 
his office as sheriff in November, 1912, and took office on January 6, 
1913, succeeding Charles S. Crofoot. Mr. Asniundsen was under-sheriff 
to Sheriff Crofoot from January, 1911, to January, 1913. In 1901-02 
he also served as under-sheriff to Former Sheriff Kelley. Sheriff As- 
niundsen has been a resident of Rhinelander since 1890. His first em- 
ployment in this city was in a lumber yard. He worked for two or three 
years as a sawyer in the woods, and then became a member of the local 
police force, doing duty in that capacity five or six years. That was 
followed by his service as under-sheriff to Mr. Kelley, and after that he 
was again on the police force for one year. He then resigned and en- 
gaged in farming a quarter of a mile west of the city limits on the Cas- 
son Road. At that place he owns a farm of eighty acres and was a pros- 
perous farmer citizen in that locality until his removal to the city to 
take up his duties as under-sheriff in 1911. 

Sheriff Asmundsen is a native of Norway, where he was born April 
14, 1869, a son of Asmund and Andrea Asmundsen. In 1881 the family 
all immigrated to America, settling on a farm six miles from Sturgeon 
Bay in Dorr county, Wisconsin. The father and mother with five 
brothers of Mr. Asmundsen, are still living in Dorr county. One of the 
brothers, Al Asmundsen served as sheriff of Dorr county in 1911-12. 

Charles Asmundsen was twelve years old when the family moved to 
America, and he grew to manhood on the home farm in Dorr county, 
where he spent about five years. With a practical education, and an 
ambition to make a place for himself in the world, he then left home, 
and found work in the lumber camps of upper Michigan, spending 
about two years there. His next location was in Elcho, in Langlade 
county, Wisconsin, where he was employed a couple of years in a veneer 
factory. From Elcho he moved to Rhinelander, and has since been 
closely identified with the local affairs of this community. 

At Taylor, in Jackson county, Wisconsin, in 1893, Mr. Asmundsen 
married Anna Amundsen, who was born in Jackson county, Wisconsin, 
a daughter of Louis Amundsen, who with his wife was a native of Nor- 
way. To the marriage of Mr. Asmundsen and wife have been born nine 
children as follows : Albin, Myrtle, Roy, Enoch, Cora, Dock, Eva, Edna, 
who died at the age of six months; and the next child, the youngest, 
was also named Edna. In politics Mr. Asmundsen is a progressive Re- 
publican. 

Hon. Webster E. Brown. Among the significant names in the lum- 
ber industry of northern Wisconsin, especially along the Wisconsin 
River Valley, none has been more prominent during the last forty 
years than that of Brown. The late Edward Dexter Brown was the 
man whose energies and remarkable business ability first gave the name 
its wide-spread importance in the state, and during his lifetime and since 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1 H7 

his death his son has taken up and extended the various activities which 
are familiarly associated, in the minds of all old-timers, with this name. 

One of the sons of the late Dexter E.. Brown is Hon. Webster E. 
Brown of the firm of Brown Brothers Lumber Company at Rhinelander, 
a member of other industrial and financial concerns, and a former con- 
gressman, serving as a member of the Fifty-seventh. Fifty-eighth and 
Fifty-ninth Congresses, from 1901 to 1907. He was first sent to Wash- 
ington as representative of the Tenth Wisconsin Congressional District, 
and while he was in the office the district was reorganized, and his be- 
came the Eleventh District. 

Webster E. Brown was born in Peterboro, Madison county, New 
York, July 16, 1851, a son of Edward Dexter and Helen M. (Anderson) 
Brown. When Webster E. Brown was five years old the family moved 
to Portage county, Wisconsin, locating on a farm near Stevens Point. 
His father at once became identified with lumbering operations in that 
section of the state, and from that time forward the name has always 
been potent in lumber circles in Wisconsin. On the home farm in 
Portage Webster E. Brown was reared until he was sixteen years of 
age, and in the meantime attended the country schools. His education 
was advanced by attendance for a year and a half at Lawrence Uni- 
versity, at Appleton, after which he entered the University of Wiscon- 
sin at Madison, and w T as graduated in the class of 1874. 

Mr. Brown has been actively connected with lumbering in all its 
departments since 1875. In that year with his elder brother, A. W. 
Brown he went into the business at Stevens Point, and in 1882 these two 
brothers moved to Rhinelander, where their father had entered land 
direct from the government, including the site of the present city of 
Rhinelander. Their industrial plant established at Rhinelander was 
one of the first and the most important of local enterprises. Their 
younger brother E. 0. Brown joined them in 1881, and since that time 
the three brothers have been very extensively interested in lumbering, 
banking, manufacturing, and other development work in northern 
Wisconsin. 

During the early eighties, the Brown Brothers, then under the firm 
name of E. D. Brown & Sons, established at Rhinelander, a private bank, 
which in 1890 was incorporated under the name of the Merchants State 
Bank, of which Mr. E. 0. Brown is now president, and of which Webster 
E. Brown has been a director since its organization. Mr. Brown is 
vice president and treasurer of the firm of Brown Brothers Lumber 
Company, concerning whose operations more is said in the sketch of 
Mr. A. W. Brown elsewhere in this work. Mr. Brown is a director in 
the Rhinelander' Refrigerator Company, a director in the Rhinelander 
Paper Company, is president of the Rhinelander Power Company, presi- 
dent of the Wisconsin Valley Improvement Company, the headquarters 
of which concern are in Wausau. Wisconsin. 



1148 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

On December 26, 1877, at Lancaster, Wisconsin, Webster E. Brown 
married Juliet D. Meyer, a daughter of Richard Meyer. They are the 
parents of five children : Ralph D., Edna M., Dorothy, Richard M., and 
Allan C. Mr. Brown is a member of the Masonic Order, and throughout 
his career since casting his first vote has been a stanch supporter of 
the Republican party and its basic principles. 

August H. Stange. The career and personality of a strong man 
are always interesting subjects of study. The scope of accomplish- 
ment by such men is almost unlimited, and it is a fascinating occu- 
pation to observe how far and in what directions an individual 
possessing the innate qualifications that belong to real strength of 
manhood will go. The city of Merrill has had such a man for the 
past thirty years, in fact since Merrill was a frontier lumber camp. 
A. H. Stange is a business man w T hose record would be creditable 
not only as measured with his immediate contemporaries and asso- 
ciates, but in any group of men of accomplishment and great success. 

Mr. Stange 's career is another proof that the circumstances of early 
childhood and youth are never a condition to large and successful 
achievement. In his own case, he was born near the city of Stettin, 
Germany, October 10, 1852, and w r as the son of poor parents. His 
father and mother were C. F. and Carolina Stange, who when their 
son was about a year and a half old came to the United States and 
located in Watertown, Wisconsin. The father was a laboring man, 
and was unable to give his family more than the ordinary necessities 
and comforts of life. The son thus grew up without any of the trim- 
mings of college education or of influential connection. His school- 
ing was limited to the common branches, and when little more than 
a boy he began earning his own living. At Watertown he got his first 
experience as a lumberman in a lumber yard and planing mill. At 
the age of eighteen we find him in Racine as foreman of a sash and 
door factory, planing mill and lumber yard. The years spent in 
Racine were a valuable preparation for the larger field of operations 
wdiich opened to him when he came to Merrill. 

Mr. Stange came to Merrill in 1881 in company with the late 
Henry W. Wright, and soon after became a member of the Wright 
Lumber Company. A few years later Mr. Stange started in business 
under his own name, and in 1895, organized and incorporated the 
A. H. Stange Company with a capital of two hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars. This business now is the largest of its kind in the Wis- 
consin River Valley. The company manufactures lumber, sash, doors, 
blinds, boxes, etc., and its goods are sent not only all'over the United 
States and Canada, but there is a large export of its products to 
foreign countries, principally to the British Isles and South Africa. 
The saw mills have a capacity of over one hundred and fifty thousand 





*r~- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1149 

feet of lumber daily. About eleven hundred men are employed in 
the company's mills, factories and logging camps. The monthly 
payroll averages between thirty-eight and forty thousand dollars. 
The Stange Company gets its raw material from land of their own, 
and at this writing there is a sufficient supply to meet the demands 
of their mills for many years to come. The company owns its *own 
logging railroad, and a complete equipment of the varied apparatus 
needed in logging and lumber manufacture. 

The upbuilding of such an industry as that just described and 
outlined is not the result of chance. A mind capable of planning and 
a will equal to the heavy responsibilities involved in materializing 
ideas into results are necessary precedents to any such achievement. 
No doubt thirty years ago Mr. Stange had the vision and the ambi- 
tion which all these years of work have enabled him to realize. 
Large and satisfying as the business of the A. H. Stange Company 
is, that has by no means been the only avenue through which his 
career has been worked out. In 1897 he was chiefly responsible 
for the organization of the Lincoln County Bank at Merrill, an 
institution of which he has since been president. This bank was 
opened on August 1, 1897, with a capital stock of fifty thousand 
dollars, and the capital has since been increased to one hundred 
thousand dollars. With its large surplus and undivided profits, it 
is one of the largest and most substantial financial institutions in 
the "Wisconsin River Valley. At the organization fifteen years ago 
a fine bank and office building was erected on Main Street, but the 
increasing business caused the erection of a new building in 1912-13, 
the new structure being devoted exclusively to banking purposes, and 
is one of the best equipped banking houses in the state. Mr. Stange is 
president of the E. W. Ellis Lumber Company of Grand Rapids, 
Wisconsin, and president of the Mount Emily Timber Company of 
LeGrande, Oregon. He is also interested in a number of other timber, 
land and lumber companies, as well as banks. 

Men who bear the largest and most complex responsibilities have 
often been observed to perform a great variety of functions in civic 
life with a minimum of worry and bluster. Men of small caliber 
create much noise in attending to duties half as great and important. 
Long known as one of Merrill's most public-spirited citizens, Mr. 
Stange has again and again taken time from his business in order 
to serve the public. He was mayor of the city four successive terms. 
In fostering and supporting movements for the betterment, of Merrill, 
he has done as much, if not more, than any one man in the city. He 
erected the beautiful Badger Opera House in 1907, an amusement 
house that compares favorably with any in the country. In the same 
year he built the magnificent Badger Hotel, one of the most modern 
in the state. It is an evidence of his firm faith in the city's future 



1150 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

that he founded these two institutions, for at this time Merrill has not 
advanced sufficiently to support through normal patronage a theatre 
and hotel of this size. 

However, perhaps the finest memorial to his public spirit is beau- 
tiful "Stange Park," lying along the banks of the Prairie River. It 
was named in his honor, the title having been adopted by popular 
vote after many other names had been suggested. Stange Park 
contains forty acres, donated to the city by Mr. Stauge. Within 
its limits have been erected the handsome Merrill high school and the 
T. B. Scott Free Public Library. The remainder of the park grounds 
are used as a public playground. 

He also gave the grounds and sufficient funds for the erection 
and completion of the German Lutheran church, with all the fur- 
nishings, costing about thirty-five thousand dollars, one of the most 
beautiful houses of worship in Merrill. He also gave the larger por- 
tion of funds necessary for the construction of a German school- 
house, which cost more than fifteen thousand dollars. In this school 
building Mr. Stange arranged that a large room should be set aside 
and used as a free library, and soon after the completion of the 
building, he donated a sum of money sufficient to stock the library 
, shelves with several thousand volumes of choice books. 

While a resident of Racine, in February, 1874, Mr. Stange was 
united in marriage with Miss Emily Miller, a daughter of William 
and Hattie Miller, natives of Germany. They have six children : 
Hattie, Charles, Adelaide, August, Emily, and Lydia. Personally 
Mr. Stange is a modest, unassuming man, very approachable and a 
genial entertainer. . 

Dr. W. F. Malone. The founder and proprietor of the Hanover 
Hospital in Milwaukee is a Wisconsin man whose distinguished ability 
in the field of medicine is too well recognized to require comment. Dur- 
ing a quarter century of professional activity, Dr. Malone has accepted 
the best opportunities for high and useful service and his career has 
many distinctive records of achievements. 

Dr. William F. Malone was born in the little village of Rochester 
in Racine county, June 1, 1862. He is a son of Irish parents, Andrew 
and Mary (Coleman) Malone, both natives of the city of Dublin, where 
the father was born February 16, 1820. Within a week after their 
marriage in 1844, they started for the United States, and first settled 
in Canton, Massachusetts, where they lived about ten years. John Ma- 
lone, a brother of Andrew, also came to America at the same time and 
located in Massachusetts. In 1855 the father and mother came west to 
Rochester, Wisconsin, where they spent the greater part of their re- 
maining years. The mother died in Rochester, Wisconsin, February 3, 
1888, and the father in Waukesha, January 15, 1897, while visiting his 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1151 

son Dr. E. W. Malone. The father was aged seventy-six years and ten 
months. By trade he was a stone-mason, but for many years followed 
the quiet pursuits of a farmer. After the death of his wife he spent 
about nine years in the home of Dr. W. F. Malone, in Milwaukee. 
There were six children in the family, of whom five are now living, 
namely : Mary, the oldest, is the widow of Thomas Dowds, of Hastings, 
Nebraska; Dr. Thomas C. is a physician and surgeon on National Ave- 
nue in Milwaukee; Rose, is deceased; Dr. E. W. is the leading physician 
in "Waukesha; Nellie, is the wife of Frank Ferguson of Chicago; and 
Dr. AV. F. is the youngest of the family. 

Beginning his education in his home county, and from the first 
schools entering Rochester Academy, Dr. Malone, when sufficiently ad- 
vanced, began his career as a school teacher in his home county. At a 
later time he taught in the State Industrial School in Waukesha. He 
next became a student in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, now 
the Medical Department of the University of Illinois, at Chicago, where 
he was graduated with the physicians and surgeons degree in 1888. 
In that year's graduating class, Dr. Malone was accorded the high honor 
of the gold medal for proficiency in the work of the class. 

Dr. Malone began his practice in the country district, spending two 
years, and on June 6, 1890, established himself in Milwaukee, where 
he had an office and was in practice for three years. Few men in the 
profession in the state have sought wider opportunities of observation 
and training than Dr. Malone. After this initial period of practice in 
Milwaukee, he went abroad and spent eighteen months in the University 
of Berlin and was also in the great medical center at Vienna. On his 
return to this country he was an attendant at the lectures and clinics 
in the Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore. This was followed by 
another six months study in the Bellevue Hospital Medical College 
in New York City. 

After this extended post graduate training Dr. Malone returned to 
Milwaukee, where he established himself in practice as a surgeon and 
gynecologist. Soon he accepted the chair of gynecology in the Mil- 
waukee Medical College, and held that professorship and also the chair 
of clinical gynecology from 1896 for five years. He then organized and 
built the Hanover Hospital on the south side, and at the same time 
organized the south side training school for nurses of Milwaukee. At 
the present time Dr. Malone has twenty-one nurses in training, and also 
has a home for the nurses. The Hanover Hospital, at the corner of 
Madison and Hanover Streets, consisting of the hospital, the nurses 
training school and quarters, is one of the best equipped institutions o\' 
the kind in Wisconsin. The building cost Dr. Malone more than one 
hundred thousand dollars, and he has taken greal pride not only in 
its material facilities, but in keeping up the standards of its service 
to the highest point. Dr. Malone belongs to the Milwaukee Medical So- 



1152 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ciety, the Milwaukee County Medical Society, the Wisconsin State Med- 
ical Society, and the American Medical Association and also the Fox 
River Valley Medical Society. He has no relations with clubs or 
fraternities, and has found his recreations in his practice and in the 
pleasures of his home. At his home he has a splendid private library of 
five thousand volumes. 

Dr. Malone was married April 30, 1901, in Milwaukee, to Miss Ade- 
laide M. Peck, a daughter of Henry Peck, one of the old settlers of 
Waukesha county. Mrs. Malone was educated in Milwaukee, graduated 
from the Whitewater State Normal and also the Milwaukee Normal, 
and is a talented and accomplished woman. The home of the doctor 
and wife adjoins the hospital, being at 324 Madison street. Dr. Malone 
has his office in the hospital building, and also in the Caswell Block on 
Grand Avenue. 

Had Dr. Malone not chosen medicine as his field and gained such 
important distinctions therein, he would nevertheless have deserved a 
conspicuous place as one of Wisconsin's foremost farmers and stock- 
men. He is the owner of four hundred acres of land, situated ten miles 
south of the city of Milwaukee, and conducts a fine dairy and creamery 
establishment. His herd comprises sixty-five high grade Holsteins. 
The prize winner of this herd is a cow which is by all odds the finest 
specimen of her class west of the Alleghany Mountains. Dr. Malone 
paid two thousand dollars for this animal, and he also paid- eleven 
hundred dollars for one of her calves. The Burwood stock farm, as 
his estate is called, is modern in every sense, and Dr. Malone has intro- 
duced in its equipment the same sanitary facilities and standards which 
he insists upon in his hospital. The entire" place including the stables, 
is lighted by electricity. Another feature of the Burwood farm, is a 
chicken ranch, with a thousand chickens and also one hundred and fifty 
thoroughbred Berkshire hogs. Dr. Malone is recognized as having one 
of the finest stock farms in all Wisconsin. 

Carl Freschl. The enterprise of Milwaukee manufacturers has 
long been a familiar fact to the American public, and it is certain that 
no one of that group of distinguished business builders was more suc- 
cessful in creating a household word out of his product than the late 
Carl Freschl, founder of the Holeproof Hosiery Company. After Mr. 
Freschl, with a singular appreciation of trade demand, and an equal 
faith in his own output, had established and begun the successful ex- 
ploitation ,of his business on its guarantee basis, the ' ' holeproof idea ' ' 
was freely plagiarized and copied, but the pioneer, the originator, and 
the most successful in the perfection of his goods, was Carl Freschl, 
whose name is now recognized as a trade mark by hundreds of thous- 
ands. It was a great business achievement, and few greater, and no 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1153 

more honorable successes in business have been known in commercial 
annals. 

Carl Freschl, who had the distinction of being the pioneer manu- 
facturer of knit goods west of the Alleghanies, and who for nearly 
thirty years was closely identified with the city of Milwaukee, died at 
his home in Milwaukee, November 24, 1911, at the age of sixty-nine 
years. He was born in Prague, Austria. When twenty-six years of 
age he immigrated to the United States, locating first at Manchester, New 
Hampshire. From there he moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan, where in 
1872 he founded the Kalamazoo Knitting Works, that being, the first 
hosiery manufacturing plant established in the middle west. In 1882 
his plant was moved to Milwaukee, where he continued the business 
under the same name until 1904. In that year was established the Hole- 
proof Hosiery Company. Never before had manufacturers of hosiery 
been able to guarantee satisfactorily their products, and it was Mr. 
Freschl 's technical ability to put on the market an article which would 
stand all the tests of wear, combined with his courage to take the public 
into his confidence and issue an out and out guarantee, which caused 
such a revolution in the hosiery business and which well accounts for 
the remarkable success of the holeproof company. The idea of guar- 
anteeing his product was only a manifestation of his deep-seated hon- 
esty. During his years in business, the late Carl Freschl became widely 
known and was not only admired by all who understood his pioneer 
work, but was greatly beloved by those most intimately associated with 
him. For the last four years of his life he was not actively engaged 
in directing the affairs of the company, but the business has been con- 
tinued under the form in which he established it, his own sons having 
the leading part in its management. 

The Holeproof Hosiery Company has its chief factory and general 
offices in Milwaukee, but also has offices in New York, Chicago, and on 
the Pacific coast, and the extent of the business is indicated by its 
foreign incorporations comprising the Holeproof Hosiery Company of 
Canada, Limited, at London, and the Holeproof Hosiery Company at 
Liverpool, England. Edward Freschl, the oldest son is now president 
of the company, William W. Freschl is vice president. Max A. Freschl 
is superintendent, while the secretary and treasurer is Mr. L. Heil- 
bronner. 

The late Mr. Freschl was a member of Temple Emanu'El and was 
well known and popular in various local organizations of the city. 
Carl Freschl married Rose Alexander who survives him. Besides the 
three sons there is one daughter, Mrs. Henry Gattman. 

General Charles King. Wisconsin must always honor her dis- 
tinguished soldier and author, General Charles King, whose fame as 
an author is on a parity with his high reputation in the field of military 



1154 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

science. He is essentially a man of the nation, but Wisconsin is for- 
tunate in claiming him as a citizen and as one who has distinguished 
this commonwealth by his character and achievements. 

The following paragraphs on his life and services are chiefly drawn 
from an appreciative estimate written by Forrest Crissey, with some 
modifications and additions, and quotations unless otherwise noted will 
give credit to Mr. Crissey. 

"First meetings with novelists are often disappointing. No such 
disappointment, however, awaits any reader of General King's stories 
who may.be fortunate enough personally to meet the celebrated soldier- 
novelist. The best traits of character in the bravest heroes whom he 
has pictured in his marvelous stories of frontier chivalry are instantly 
to be discerned in his face by the stranger who has lived with the heroes 
of his creating. The military side of General King's character is so 
dominant that it is difficult to realize, while in his presence, the fact 
that he belongs to the literary cult. He looks like a soldier, and he is a 
soldier. If anything can be added to this description by way of bringing 
the personality more vividly before the eyes of the reader, it may be 
said that the most stirring act of heroism described in any story he has 
written is more than paralleled by his life as a soldier. The records 
have it that General King was born nearly seventy years ago, but there 
is not a line in his countenance or his figure which would appear re- 
motely to confirm this statement. He is erect, active and alert. No 
observant stranger who chanced to pass him upon the street would fail 
to recognize him as a military man. He is today as fond of athletic 
sports as when he was a leader of his associates in the stirring pastimes 
into which he entered, with all the dash, energy, and devotion of a 
potential soldier, when in training at West Point." 

It is scarcely possible to understand his individuality or to account 
for the remarkable versatility of his gifts without a glance at the sturdy 
American stock from which he is descendant. His great-grandfather, 
Hon. Rufus King, was one of the first eminent statesmen representing 
the state of New York in the United States senate. This distinguished 
ancestor was one of the signers of the Constitution of the United States, 
and was a powerful figure in old English history of the old Empire 
State. He was twice chosen United States minister to England, and was 
accorded every high honor by his appreciative country. His grand- 
father Charles King was one of the earlier presidents of Columbia Col- 
lege, and was known as a man of bright scholarship and broad intel- 
lectual powers. 

General Charles King was born at Albany, New York, on the 12th 
of October, 1844. and is the son of General Rufus and Susan (Eliot) 
King, both of whom were born in the state of New York and the latter 
of whom was a descendant of John Eliot, the great Indian apostle in 
America's early history. General Rufus King possessed in larger 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1155 

measure the dominating qualities which have distinguished the son, as 
he was both a military and intellectual leader, even as he was one 
of the distinguished and honored pioneers of Wisconsin. General Rufus 
King's rare qualifications "were recognized by his appointment as 
minister to the pontifical states at Rome, a position demanding pe- 
culiar endowments of personal tact, poise and grace, together with a ripe 
culture and a broad knowledge of affairs." Just as he was about to 
assume the duties of this diplomatic post, the outbreak of the Civil war 
deflected him from his course. He promptly resigned his position, re- 
turned to Wisconsin, assisted in the organization of the early volunteer 
forces of the state, and became one of the first to receive from President 
Lincoln appointment to the office of brigadier general. He gave valiant 
and effective service in behalf of the union as the organizer of the famous 
"Iron Brigade" of the Army of the Potomac, .and later as a division 
commander. Already for sixteen years, from 1845 to 1861. as editor 
and publisher of the Milwaukee Sentinel he had exerted powerful in- 
fluence in Wisconsin politics, and as an upholder of a united nation. 
He passed the closing years of his life in New York City, and was long 
survived by his devoted wife, who died in Switzerland in 1892. Their 
names merit enduring place among the pioneers of AVisconsin. 

General Charles King's first plunge into soldier life was made when 
he was a lad of sixteen years. "He had been in New York City in 
attendance at the preparatory or grammar school connected with Colum- 
bia College and had just passed examination admitting him to the lat- 
ter institution when the whole country was thrilled by the echo of the 
guns at Fort Sumter. Instantly his dreams of his college days were for- 
gotten and before another day had passed, after the Union troops had 
begun to assemble in Washington, his soldier blood was bounding in his 
veins and he was on his way to the capital city. There his father's old 
friends from the Badger state were surprised to greet the face of tin* 
boy in the camp of the Wisconsin volunteers. It was plain to these vet- 
erans that the lad had not come from idle curiosity for his drum-sticks 
were in his hand and his finger itching to play the reveille. In spite of 
extreme youth he was made 'mounted orderly' at brigade headquarters. 
Early in his active career as a soldier he served as guide for General 
Winfield Scott Hancock in Virginia. In the course of his service the 
lad's ability was brought to the personal attention of President Lincoln 
who gave his promise that the boy should be given a cadetship at West 
Point. In pursuance of this pledge young King was sent to the United 
States Military Academy in June. 1862. Two years later he was there 
made first sergeant of Company B. and in 1865. he became adjutant of 
the corps of cadets. 

"An old companion has said of him that in those days of his train- 
ing he was distinguished by his sunny temper, and by the fact that. 
contrary to the prevailing usages of the school, he never failed to have 

Vol. v— 9 



1156 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

a good word for the down-trodden ' plebe, ' besides which he hated math 
ematics as ardently as he loved rollicking fun and reckless sport. It is 
evident, however, that he must have mastered his dislike for mathe- 
matics as he was graduated with the rank of number twenty-two in a 
class of more than forty members. 

' ' Until September, 1866, King remained at West Point in the capacity 
of instructor in artillery. He left this position to join light battery K 
of the First Artillery stationed at New Orleans. His next remove was 
to Fort Hamilton, in connection with battery C. Then he was recalled 
to West Point to instruct future officers in the mysteries of horsemanship 
and cavalry and artillery tactics. In 1871 he was appointed aide-de-camp 
to General Emory, from which position he was transferred to Troop K 
of the Fifth Cavalry, which was then being removed from Fort D. A. 
Russell in Wyoming to Camp Hualpai, Arizona. This was an important 
move and afforded him hts introduction to the perils and hardships of 
frontier Indian warfare. He was in command of Troop K, which did 
heroic work against the Apaches, a tribe which sustained its reputation 
for cruelty, cunning and courage. In these desperate encounters he dis- 
played the coolness and indifference to danger which have uniformly 
characterized his entire military career. 

"In the fight at Diamond Butte, May 25, 1874, his bravery was so con- 
spicuous that his recommendation for promotion to the rank of captain 
was made by the commanding general. It was a marvel to his comrades 
that he came out of one fight after another without a scratch, for no pri- 
vate in the ranks exposed himself more persistently to the enemy than 
did the leader of Troop K. There were many doleful prophesies that 
this exemption from Apache bullets could not continue indefinitely, and 
the historic fight of Sunset Pass November 1, 1874, fulfilled these unhappy 
predictions. In the midst of the encounter, Lieutenant King found him- 
self and Sergeant Bernard Taylor cut off from his troopers and the cen- 
ter of a wicked fire from the Apaches. It is not improbable that this 
country would have missed one of its most entertaining and typically 
American novelists, had not a naked savage, hiding behind a rock, sent 
a well aimed bullet into the body of Lieutenant King. His right arm was 
shattered and he gave peremptory order to Sergeant Taylor to leave him 
to his fate and save himself. This command the plucky sergeant delib- 
erately refused to obey, and, standing over the body of his fallen lieu- 
tenant Taylor fought back the Apaches, until a detachment of troopers 
came to the rescue. The wound healed sufficiently to permit General King 
to engage in the celebrated Big Horn and Yellowstone expeditions, in 
which he added materially to his laurels and was rewarded by General 
Wesley Merritt by appointment as adjutant of the regiment. A year 
later, in the fall of 1877, he was in the thick of the Nez Perce campaign, 
and earlier had been called to the scene of the railroad riots in Council 
Bluffs and Chicago. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1157 

' ' His next experiences were in connection with the Bannock uprising. 
This was followed by more severe mountain scouting in 1878. Next 
year he had attained to the rank of captain and was in command of 
Troop A. The old wound received at Sunset Pass, had in time, given 
him constant and increasing trouble, and at length became so serious 
that it compelled him to appear before the retiring board for permission 
to relinquish his active military career. This petition was regretfully 
complied with, and after his retirement from the service he returned 
to his home in Wisconsin." 

In the general orders issued from the office of the adjutant general 
of Wisconsin, under date of January 15, 1897, in connection with the 
application of Brigadier General Charles King to be placed on the re- 
tired list of the Wisconsin National Guard, is given the following 
epitome of his military career: 

"Brigadier General Charles King began his military career as a 
marker in the First Regiment, Wisconsin State Militia, (Colonel Rufus 
King) in 1856. He was drummer for the Milwaukee Light Guard (Com- 
pany A, First Regiment, Wisconsin State Militia) in 1859-60, and 
mounted orderly King's (Iron) Brigade, Army of the Potomac in 1861 
He was a private in Company A, Battalion of Cadets, West Point, 1862 ; 
a corporal of Company B in 1863 ; a first sergeant in 1864 ; and adjutant 
of the battalion in 1865. He became second lieutenant, First Regiment 
Artillery, United States Army, 1866, and an instructor in artillery tac- 
ics at West Point the same year. He commanded the Gatling Platoon, 
Light Battery K, First Artillery, New Orleans riots, 1868: was acting 
adjutant at Fort Hamilton, March, 1869 ; instructor infantry, artillery 
and cavalry tactics, West Point, 1869-71 ; first lieutenant. First Artillery, 
1869. He was transferred at his own request, to Fifth Regiment Cav- 
alry, January, 1871, and became aide-de-camp to Major General Emory, 
1871-74. In 1872-73, he was acting judge advocate and engineer officer. 
Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, and engaged in suppression of 
riots during that time. In 1874 he commanded a troop in the Apache 
campaign in Arizona, and was engaged in actions at Diamond Butte. 
Black Mesa and Sunset Pass until severely wounded. Brevet captain, 
for gallant and distinguished conduct in action against hostile Indians. 
May, 1874 (declined). In 1875 he was on leave, disabled by wounds, 
but in 1876 he became adjutant Fifth Cavalry, and in the Sioux cam- 
paign was engaged with hostile Cheyennes at War Bonnet Creek. Wyom- 
ing, commanding advance guard, July 17, and in the combats at Slim 
Buttes, Dakota, September 9 and 10. He was acting adjutant general 
of Merritt's cavalry in suppression of railway riots. 1877, and of Mer- 
ritt's cavalry command (Third and Fifth Cavalry"! in Nez Perce cam- 
paign, Wyoming and Montana, 1877. He was promoted captain Troop 
A, Fifth Cavalry, May 1, 1879; placed on retired list. United States 
Army, for 'disability resulting from wounds in line of duty.' June 14, 



1158 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

1879. Professor of military science and tactics, University of Wisconsin, 
1880-82 j colonel and aide-de-camp to Governor Rusk, 1882-9, and to Gov- 
ernor Hoard 1889-91, and assistant inspector general Wisconsin Na- 
tional Guard, 1883-89. He commanded the Fourth Infantry, Wisconsin 
National Guard, 1890-92, and was commandant of cadets, Michigan 
Military Academy, while on three months ' leave, 1892. In 1895 was ap- 
pointed adjutant general of the Wisconsin National Guard, retiring 
January 4, 1897. 

"In all his admirable work in connection with the Wisconsin Na- 
tional Guard, General King has brought into play the valuable experi- 
ence and "ripe judgment gained from such a long and honorable career 
in the service of his country, uniting with this such rare tact and dis- 
cretion in dealing with affairs and men that in every direction uniform 
success has stamped his every effort. He has left an indelible imprint 
upon the organized military forces of the state, an influence that has 
had beneficial effect in every branch of the service. He has systematized 
the work, expanded and perfected the plan of instruction, raised the dis- 
cipline to a high standard, and by his manliness and kindness won the 
commendation of critics and the admiration and love of those who served 
under him. ' ' 

Still more recently, in a time well remembered by the majority of 
living Americans, General King was commander of Volunteer forces in 
the Philippine Islands. Concerning this phase of his career the follow- 
ing brief record has been given. "The outbreak of the war with Spain 
in 1898 found him in better health than he had enjoyed for many years, 
and stirred his soldier blood as deeply as did the first call for volunteers 
in 1861. May 27th brought him his appointment as brigadier general 
of volunteers. He was ordered, June 2, to report to General Merritt, in 
San Francisco, and left for that city two days later, taking later depart- 
ure for the Philippines, where he commanded the men of the First Wash- 
ington, First California, and First Idaho Regiments. General King con- 
fesses that he was never so happy in his life as when leading these men 
against the Filipinos. His only regret is that ill health compelled his 
voluntary retirement in August, 1899. He commanded his forces with 
consummate gallantry in the Philippine campaign, and was accorded the 
highest recommendations for promotion to the rank of major general 
of volunteers. ' ' 

Since his retirement from the army, General King has continued to 
maintain his home in Milwaukee, secure in the love and the admiration 
of the entire state and known through America not less for his brilliant 
military career than for his virile writings in the field of fiction. "While 
he emphatically disavows all literary traditions and declares that his 
labors in this field were inspired solely by the motive of 'making one 
woman happy, ' and giving his son and daughters proper educational ad- 
vantages, which would be impossible by any other means within his com- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1159 

mand, the strong human interests, the swift movement, and the delicate 
sympathy and tender pathos of his stories are sufficient proof of the fact 
that his work is done with a genuine heart interest, and not as a perfunc- 
tory task. 'Between the Lines' and 'The General's Double' are General 
King's favorites of the scores of stories which he has given to the public. 
His first story was 'Kitty's Conquest,' and was written in the 70s. This 
was regarded by its author as a passing whim, a pastime to relieve the 
monotony of an officer's life in a frontier post. This was published in 
the United Service Magazine of Philadelphia, and immediately attracted 
favorable attention. This initial story was followed in 1881 by the stir- 
ring romance first called 'Winning His Spurs,' but later issued in book 
form as ' The Colonel 's Daughter. ' Then Mr. Alden, the venerable edi- 
tor of Harper's Magazine, reached out for the work of the young mili- 
tary novelist, and secured the charming stories, 'A War-Time Wooing,' 
and 'Between the Lines.' " 

Virtually all of the literary work of General King has been along 
the line of experiences in army life, and he is still in command of bis 
forces in this field of work, — a domain in which he has gained high and 
enduring reputation. Altogether his writings number over sixty, and 
besides those already mentioned are the following: "Famous and Deci- 
sive Battles, " " Marion 's Faith, " " Captain Blake. " " The Iron Brigade, ' ' 
"A Conquering Corps Badge," "Medal of Honor." His is a strong and 
noble personality and in the twilight of his active career he may feel 
assured that he is one to whom it has been given to approach more nearly 
than the average person, the castle of his dreams, hopes and aspirations. 

General King has membership in many social and military orders, 
including the Loyal Legion, Army of the Potomac. Veterans and Indian 
Wars, Foreign Wars, Army of the Philippines, etc. His clubs are the 
Army and Navy at Washington, the U~nited Service, the Delta Phi at 
New York, the Milwaukee, and the Old Settlers at Milwaukee. 

It is needless to say that the home life of General King has been one 
of ideal character, and to him home has ever been a sanctuary, a place 
loved and inviolable. On November 20, 1872, he married Miss Adelaide 
Lavander Yorke, a daughter of Captain Louis S. Yorke. of Carroll 
Parish, Louisiana. The glamour of romance attended I he meeting and 
mutual attraction of General and Mrs. King, and the passing of years 
has done nothing to obliterate this, as they have been one in hope and 
interest and have found their lives crowned with a sroodly share of those 
things which represent the highest and best in the scheme of human 
existence. They have three surviving children: The eldest Carolyn M.. 
married Doctor Donald Ross Maclntyre and with their children they 
are residents of Gwinn, Michigan ; the next in age. Elinor Yorke mar- 
ried Mr. Charles John Simeon of Cheltenham. England. The youngest, 
Rufus, the only son, is a graduate of St. John's Military Academy at 
Delafield, and of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, is now 



1160 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

a distinguished young officer in our Navy, and in 1911 was united in 
marriage to Miss Helen C. Crosby, youngest daughter of Mr. Warren 
Jefferson Crosby of Norfolk, Virginia. 

Marshall Cousins is the son of Henry and Louisa (Preston) Cous- 
ins, and has lived in Eau Claire all of his life for he was born in this 
city. Henry Cousins was born in Mayville, Chautauqua county, New 
York, in 1821, and in the early fifties he came west and settled in Wis- 
consin, at East Troy in Walworth county. He was a lawyer by profes- 
sion and after his admission to the Wisconsin bar, he was in active prac- 
tice in East Troy until 1858. At this time he was elected county clerk 
and was consequently forced to move to the county seat. He lived in 
Elkhorn, which was the county seat during his several terms as county 
clerk and then came the Civil war. An enthusiastic believer that the 
Union must be preserved and that the Confederacy was fighting for 
wrong principles, Mr. Cousins was among the first to offer his services. 
He raised a company of men and was elected captain of the company, but 
the examining surgeon pronounced him disqualified and he was not able 
to serve. 

After this disappointment he located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and 
became a practicing lawyer once more. From then until the time of his 
death, with the exception of a year and a half which he spent in Tucson, 
Arizona, as register of government lands, he was one of the prominent 
attorneys of Eau Claire. He held a number of public positions. For 
several terms he was district attorney in Eau Claire and he also served 
the city as alderman and supervisor. He was elected a member of the 
state legislature and was re-elected several times. He married Louisa 
Preston in Elkhorn, Wisconsin, and two children were born of this union, 
Marshall Cousins and his sister, Mary, who is the wife of James T. 
Joyce, vice-president of the Union National Bank of Eau Claire. 

Mrs. Cousins, a daughter of Honorable Otis Preston, who was long 
prominent in public affairs in Walworth county, was born in White 
Pigeon, St. Joseph county, Michigan, and is still living. Mr. Preston 
was one of the organizers of the Walworth County Fair some sixty years 
ago. This has developed, by degrees, into one of the great county fairs 
of the country. 

Mrs. Cousins, like her late husband, takes a deep interest in public 
matters and is interested in the work of the charity organizations and 
the Women's Club. 

Henry Cousins died on the 25th of October, 1888, at sixty-seven years 
of age. 

Marshall Cousins was educated in Eau Claire and at his father's death 
took charge of the estate. At an early age he entered into the banking 
business by accepting a position as collector with the Bank of Eau Claire, 
of which bank Honorable Wm. A. Rust was then president. July 1st, 




Qh^o& 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1161 

1906, the Bank of Eau Claire merged with the Chippewa Valley Bank 
under the name of the Union National Bank. Mr. Cousins at this time is 
cashier of this bank, the capital of which is $200,000. 

He served with the Third Wisconsin Infantry, in the Spanish- Ameri- 
can War, participating in the Porto Rican campaign under General 
Miles, and was wounded in the battle of Coamo. During the war he 
served as a Battalion Adjutant, with rank of first Lieutenant. He is 
now Regimental Adjutant with rank of Captain Third Infantry, under 
Colonel Orlando Holway. 

He served a term in the State Legislature and for many years has 
been a Fire and Police Commissioner. In politics he is a Republican 
and reads the New York Sun. He is interested in a number of busi- 
ness enterprises, both in Wisconsin and other states. He is a stock- 
holder in several banking institutions. 

Mr. Cousins is a member of the Eau Claire Lodge No. 112, Anciest 
Free and Accepted Masons; of Eau Claire Chapter No. 36, Royal Arch 
Masons; Eau Claire Commandry No. 8, Knights Templars; of the Wis- 
consin Consistory. He is a member of Tripoli Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; of the Knights of Pythias; of tin- 
Order of Elks, having served in that organization as Treasurer for many 
years. He is a member of the Hoo Hoos and of the United Spanish War 
Veterans. He is a charter member of the Eau Claire Club and now holds 
position as secretary and treasurer. 

William Torrance, of the firm of John Torrance & Son, he be- 
ing the son, has been identified with this business since 1877. when 
his father assumed charge of the business of the old firm of Leech 
& Paul, foundrymen of this city. In addition to his connection with 
business activities of the place, Mr. Torrance has taken an able and 
prominent position in the municipal and civic workings of the city, and 
his life has been one of the utmost value to his community. He is 
the son of Scotch parents, and was born January 24, 1857, in Airdrie, 
Kentucky, his parents being John and Isabella (Johnson) Torrance. 

Concerning these worthy people, it may be said that John Tor- 
rance was the son of Gaven Torrance, and he was born in Lanarkshire. 
Scotland, on January 1, 1833, and there received his education. In 
Glasgow he learned the trade of a moulder, and in that city he worked 
at his trade until 1852, when he emigrated to America and located 
in Troy, New York. He remained in that city but six months, and 
then went direct to Delhi, Delaware, where for six months he was 
employed in the machine shops of the place. Returning to Troy a! 
the end of that time, he was for two years located in that city, after 
which he went to Airdrie, Kentucky, and worked at his trade 
until 1858. In that year he made his way to the middle west and 
located in Houston county, Minnesota, but his stay there was a short 



1162 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

one. In the spring of 1859 he located in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and 
from then until now his family has been identified with the place. 
He secured work in the foundry there ' operated by Leech & Paul, 
and his ability in his work soon won for him a promotion to the 
foremanship of the foundry, in which capacity he continued until 
1863. In that year he started a foundry on his own responsibility, 
locating at the foot of State street, and in association with Archibald 
Gould, the firm name being Torrance & Gould. In 1865 the shop was 
burned, the structure being a frame one, and the business was aban- 
doned. Mr. Torrance again entered the employment of Leech & 
Paul, and subsequently worked with C. C. & E. G. Smith, and also 
with Thornley & James. In 1877, in company with his son, he estab- 
lished the present business, known as John Torrance & Son, which, 
guided for many years by the experience of the elder Torrance, 
together with his most worthy business qualifications, reached a 
place where it now ranks among the leading foundry and machine 
shops in the city. 

Mr. Torrance was married in Delhi, New York, January 3, 1852, 
to Miss Isabella Johnson, the daughter of William and Mary Johnson, 
and six children were born to them, named as follows : Isabella, Mary, 
William, Nettie, John, Annie and May, the latter named being now 
deceased, death claiming her in August, 1880. The mother died on 
November 14, 1866, in Evansville, Indiana. In 1876, Mr. Torrance 
crossed the Atlantic ocean for the third time, and while in Edinburgh 
he was married to Miss Mary Gibson, nee Patterson, in May of that 
year. Mr. Torrance died in 1897, a member of the Universalis! 
church and of the Masonic Order, in which he was affiliated with 
the Knights Templar and other bodies. 

William Torrance was the third child born to his parents. He 
received a somewhat meager education in the schools of the commu- 
nity in which he was reared, and as a youth he served a full appren- 
ticeship in the foundry of Leech & Paul. When his father died, years 
after having established the business of John Torrance & Son, Wil- 
liam Torrance carried on the foundry under the same name, and the 
firm is still known by that honored title today. 

Mr. Torrance is a man of considerable popularity in La Crosse, 
and has been particularly active in public life. He is a Democrat 
and has taken a live interest in the work of the party since he 
reached the years of manhood. He has given worthy service to 
La Crosse as an official of the highest order, serving first as alderman 
from 1892 to 1898 ; as mayor of the city from 1903 to 1907, and he has 
also served for three years as supervisor. Again in 1911 he was 
elected to the board of aldermen, and is now filling that office. He 
was president of the Board of Trustees of the County Asylum for 
six years, and in 1908 was appointed Police and Fire Commissioner 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1163 

of the City of La Crosse, serving one term under the new law requir- 
ing five members instead of four. He was named as the fifth member 
of the board now serving. Mr. Torrance was one of the organizers 
of the La Crosse Bridge & Steel Company, also of the German- Amer- 
ican Bank, now merged with the Batavia National Bank, with both 
of which he has been honorably and prominently connected. 

Mr. Torrance is a member of the Universalist church, as was his 
father before him, and since 1900 he has been a Mason of the thirty- 
second degree. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America 
and the Yeomen. 

On September 7, 1885, Mr. Torrance was married in the city of 
La Crosse to Miss Jennie Gibson. She died in 1894, leaving four 
children,- — William J., Nettie P., Bessie and Lillian. Mr. Torrance 
was married a second time on June 9, 1908, when Miss Sarah Iola 
McKown became his wife, the marriage being celebrated at Plandreau, 
South Dakota. Two children have been born of this latter union, — 
Elizabeth and Meredith A. 

Charles M. Upham. Since the pioneer days of Wisconsin the Up ham 
family has furnished some of the most notable figures in public and 
commercial affairs of the state. To those familiar with political history 
perhaps the name which would first come to mind would be that of 
former Governor William H. Upham, soldier, manufacturer and 
banker at Marshfield, since 1878, and Governor of Wisconsin from 
1895 to 1897. Of a second generation of the same family is Frederick 
William Upham, one of the foremost business men of Chicago, and a 
national political leader. Concerning these men and other representa- 
tives of the family appropriate mention is made on other pages of this 
work. For the present consideration is introduced the remarkable 
career of Charles M. Upham, who for fifty-five years has been engaged 
in business at Shawano, in Shawano county. 

Only now and then is it given to men of affairs to celebrate the 
semi-centennial of a business career which has been continuously cen- 
tered about one line of general activity, and in one place. Vet. in 
1908, Charles M. Upham, amid the congratulations of associates and 
the hundreds of his friends and admirers, entered upon the second half- 
century of his career as a merchant, capitalist, banker, and leading 
man of affairs at Shawano. In 1858 Charles M. Upham established a 
small country store at Shawano, walking through the woods from New 
London and his goods went on a barge hauled by Indians. It was a 
modest establishment in an old frame building, and from that year to 
the present he has been continuously in the mercantile business at 
Shawano, now fifty-five years. His enterprise has grown with the 
increase of population and with the development of his own remark- 



1164 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

able ability, and for a number of years Mr. Upham has been president 
of the Upham-Russell Company, controlling half a dozen large stores 
and business concerns in Shawano. The company has extensive real 
estate interests in the city and adjacent counties, including several 
thousand acres of hardwood lumber and cut-over land in northern 
Wisconsin. Mr. Upham is president of the Upham Hardware Com- 
pany of Shawano, of the Hub Clothing Company, and for twenty years 
was president of the First National Bank of Shawano, from its organ- 
ization until he retired. Concerning the origin of the business in 
Shawano, and the progress of Mr. Upham 's business undertaking, a 
few sentences taken from a booklet issued at the time of the Semi- 
centennial in 1908 afford the proper setting and historical retrospect. 

"It is a long look backward," to use the words of the article just 
mentioned, "from the Shawano county which a stranger sees for the 
first time today, with its fertile farms, modern farm houses and barns, 
its school houses, churches and creameries dotting the landscape in 
every direction to the wilderness of primeval forests absolutely un- 
broken except for the little settlement at Shawano, trodden only by 
the foot of wild animals and the moccasined feet of the red men of the 
forest, which was its appearance fifty years ago. And harder still is 
it to imagine in the beautiful city of Shawano with its electric lights, 
paved streets, beautiful homes and modern places of business, the 
little village of scarce a hundred souls, nestling on the banks of AVolf 
River, in 1858. 

"Into this wilderness in the summer of that year came a boy of 
twenty-one to start the pioneer store of Shawano county. It was an 
up-hill fight, for Shawano county boasted no railroads or wagon roads 
in those days, and he traveled the thirty-two miles from New London 
on foot, following the Indian trails through the forest. 

"His little stock of merchandise — a few groceries, a few provisions, 
and a few, very few, dry goods, six hundred dollars in all — came by 
water from New London on a barge poled by Indians. The receiving 
of merchandise in those days was not the simple matter which it is 
today. The nearest railroad was at Fond du Lac, one hundred miles 
away, and mail was carried on horseback from Menasha only once a 
week. Goods ordered from the distant city took weeks to arrive. 
But perseverance and pluck Avon, and from the modest beginning of 
a six hundred dollar stock made by Charles M. Upham in the little 
store sixteen by eighteen feet in 1858, has arisen the mercantile house 
of Upham & Russell Company, with its eighty thousand dollars worth 
of stock and annual sales close to a quarter of a million dollars. As 
the county and city have grown during the fifty years, so has the 
growth of the business founded by Charles M. Upham in 1858 kept 
pace with it." 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1165 

Some other facts concerning the history and growth of the business 
should be added. Associated with the founder of the business at 
various times have been his brothers Nathan and Calvin Upham, and 
in 1870 the co-partnership of Upham & Russell was formed, at which 
time II. C. Russell and G. W. Gibbs entered the business. In 1881 the 
partnership was merged into a corporation, the Upham & Russell Com- 
pany, with a capital stock of two hundred thousand dollars, in 1858 
an old story and a half frame building with a covered porch in front 
furnished floor space for the enterprise with two hundred and eighty- 
eight square feet. By 1908 the total floor space occupied by the 
general store, the meat market and the hay barn, the elevator and coal 
sheds, clothing store and hardware department amounted to over fifty 
thousand square feet. From the general store as founded and con- 
ducted for a number of years, several of the departments developed 
until it became necessary to establish them on an independent and 
individual basis. Thus the clothing department outgrew its space in 
the general store, and in 1889 a separate store was provided. The 
business continued to grow, and in 1904 the business was individually 
incorporated with a capital stock of ten thousand dollars. The same 
is true of the hardware department, which was first established in 
1872 as a tinshop and a few stoves as the principal stock carried. Two 
years later its business had grown so that a separate building was pro- 
vided and from a stock valued at a few hundred dollars, the business 
in 1908 carried all kinds of hardware and implements to the value of 
seventeen thousand dollars. 

The founder and still the business head of this undertaking was 
born in the state of Massachusetts, September 21, 1887, a son of Alvin 
and Sarah (Derby) Upham, both of whom were natives of Massachu- 
setts. The younger son of the family was William H. Upham, the 
former governor of Wisconsin. Mr. C. M. Upham had a common school 
education in his native state, and in 1852 the family moved to Niles. 
Michigan. Here the father died, and the mother who had relatives at 
Racine, Wisconsin, took her family to that city. Her relatives were 
members of the Raymond family, among the earliest settlers of Racine, 
Wisconsin. It was in the vicinity of Racine that the mother spent her 
last years. 

Charles M. Upham grew up to manhood in southern Wisconsin, and 
his first business experience was at Weyauwega in Waupaca county. 
where his brother Nathan had opened a store. A few years later they 
determined to extend their business to Shawano, and it was for the 
purpose of opening up the establishment thai Charles M. Upham 
made the trip across country previously described. 

Tn 1872 Mr. Upham married Julia Parsons, of Racine. Their two 
children are Robert A., and Sarah B. Mr. Upham has been affiliated 



1166 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

with the Masonic order for a great many years, and though he keeps 
up his dues, seldom visits the lodge rooms any more. For a number of 
years he had extensive building holdings in Marshfield, the home of 
his brother, Governor Upham, but sold out his property there a few 
years ago and practically all his interests are concentrated in Shawano 
and vicinity. 

Hon. John B. Simmons. The bar of Racine county has no abler nor 
better known representative than John B. Simmons who for forty years 
has been connected with his profession in this state and who has practiced 
continuously during this period, either in Walworth county or in Racine. 
Mr. Simmons is the son of a lawyer who was for many years prominent 
in practice in Lake Geneva, so that the name has been associated with 
the legal profession in this state for well upwards of half a century. 
John B. Simmons has not only been one of the most successful lawyers, 
but has done important work as a contributor to legal literature. His 
name appears on the title page of a work entitled "Simmons' Wisconsin 
Digest," a large work of three volumes, which is to be found in almost 
every law office in the state. This work in its general plan followed the 
lines of a previous work executed by his father who was long known to 
the profession as the author of the first Wisconsin Digest of practical 
value. He exercised all the care and judgment of his legal mind in 
the course of its preparation of the volumes and they are now regarded 
as probably the most indispensable standard reference book on state 
decisions to be found in Wisconsin. The publishers of the digest are 
Callaghan & Company of Chicago. 

Mr. Simmons, who is a senior member of the firm of Simmons & 
Walker at Racine, was born at McHenry county, Illinois, October 26, 
1851. His father, James Simmons, moved from McHenry county to 
Lake Geneva, Walworth county, Wisconsin, where for many years he 
was one of the most successful attorneys. James Simmons married 
Catherine McCotter, who was born in the state of Vermont, where she 
acquired her education. 

His early education was obtained in the public schools of Elk- 
horn, Wisconsin, where he was graduated from the high school and then 
entered his father's offices in Lake Geneva, where he read law and gained 
considerable practical experience from observation of the profession and 
clerical work in the office before his admission to the bar of the Circuit 
Court at Elkhorn, in 1873. Mr. Simmons was associated with his father 
in practice until 1896, in which year he formed a partnership with 
Franklin J. Tyrrel of Lake Geneva. On the dissolution of this partner- 
ship in 1898 Mr. Simmons located at Racine, and for the past fifteen 
years has been regarded as one of the leaders of the bar in this city. 
Here he formed a partnership with H. A. Cooper, and Peter B. Nelson, 
under the firm name of Cooper, Simmons & Nelson. First Mr. Cooper 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1167 

and afterward Mr. Nelson retired from this partnership and Mr. M. E. 
Walker was taken into the firm, that change occurring in l'JUT. Since 
then the firm has become Simmons & Walker, its present title, and these 
two well known lawyers enjoy a large share of the business in the local 
courts and office practice at Racine. 

Mr. Simmons is attorney of the Commercial & Savings Bank at 
Racine. He has had a prominent part in local affairs and always lends 
his influence to any civic improvement and movements of philanthropic 
or benevolent nature. He was formerly a mayor of Lake Geneva. In 
1876 occurred his marriage to Miss Sarah B. Sturges, daughter of 
George W. Sturges, one of the highly respected citizens of Lake Geneva. 
Mr. and Mrs. Simmons were the parents of two children, John E., a naval 
architect in Chicago, and Katherine S., who is a graduate of the Racine 
High School and of the University of Chicago, and is now the wile of 
Ralph W. Bailey, of Waupaca, Wisconsin. Mr. Simmons and family 
have their home at 1013 Lake Avenue. 

Everard L. Ainsworth. About forty years ago there came out from 
the New England state of Vermont to Buffalo county, Wisconsin, a young 
school teacher. He was one of the early educators in that section of 
Wisconsin, and the work which he did there as a schoolmaster left an 
impress and individual character which has not been effaced to the 
present time. About thirty years ago he became connected with large 
industrial affairs which occupied his attention and has been identified 
with the lumber business up to the present time. He has been an official 
of the American Immigration Company and one of the foremost business 
men of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. 

Everard L. Ainsworth was born at Roxbury, Vermont, May 20, 1851. 
His parents were Luther and Betsy (Silsby) Ainsworth. There were 
four children, two sons and two daughters, and all are living, Everard 
being the second in order of birth. The father, who was born in Ver- 
mont, was one of the families of the old Green Mountain state, was a 
farmer there and a prosperous and substantial man up to the time he 
enlisted in the army, and rose to the rank of captain of Company II in 
the Sixth Vermont Regiment. He was killed commanding his company 
in the battle of Chancellorsville in 1863. His wife was born in Tioga 
county, New York, and died in 185S. 

Mr. Everard L. Ainsworth, who was thus left without the care of 
parents when less than ten years of age, grew up in his native state, 
attended the common school, and later the Vermont State Normal Col- 
lege. By his own efforts he had secured a fair education, and tilted him- 
self for a career as teacher. In 1874 coming west he located in Buffalo 
county, Wisconsin, where he was engaged as a teacher up to 1882. 

He then became an accountant with the Mississippi River Logging 
Company, and his connection with this important corporation has eon 



1168 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

tinued for a period of more than thirty years. During the last ten 
years he has been assistant secretary and is one of the active officials in 
its large business. 

He also took part as one of the organizers of the American Immigra- 
tion Company, and has since been secretary of this corporation. 

Mr. Ainsworth is a member of Chippewa Falls Lodge No. 176 A. F. & 
A. M. of Chippewa Falls Chapter No. 46 R. A. M. and of Tancred Com- 
mandery No. 27 K. T., being one of the prominent Masons in this sec- 
tion of the state. In politics he is Republican. 

On September 28, 1879, Mr. Ainsworth married Miss Eller Fuller, 
who is a native of Vermont and a daughter of Stephen G. and Sarah 
(Woodard) Fuller, both her parents having been born in Vermont. The 
family circle of Mr. and Mrs. Ainsworth is comprised of the following 
four children : Bessie, who is a teacher of latin in the high school at 
Chippewa Falls ; Mary, who is the wife of E. R. Frissell ; Charles, who is 
connected with the Potlatch Lumber Company at Potlatch, Idaho, and 
Edward, who is a student in the high school at Chippewa Falls. 

Louis K. Luse. Among the native sons of Wisconsin who have con- 
ferred honor and dignity on the state of their birth is found Louis 
K. Luse, senior member of the law firm of Luse, Powell & Luse, of 
Superior, who has been a leading factor in public and professional life 
and a citizen who has been loyal to every trust imposed in him. The 
character of a community is judged by the world by that of its repre- 
sentative citizens, and yields its tributes of admiration and respect for 
the genius, learning and labors of those whose works and actions con- 
stitute the record of the state's prosperity and pride. In the legal 
profession, in the field of politics and in the circles of society, Mr. Luse 
is esteemed for his ability and genuine worth, and it is, therefore, con- 
sistent that he be represented in a work of this nature. 

Louis K. Luse was born in Dane county, Wisconsin, May 6, 1854, 
and is a son of Andrew Jackson and Eleanor (Blachly) Luse, natives 
of Ohio. Mr. Luse's parents were married in their native state, after 
which, in 1846, they migrated to the Territory of Wisconsin, becoming 
pioneer farming people of Dane county. Andrew J. Luse was a 
preacher in the Disciples' Church, and during the Civil war was 
active in recruiting men for the Union service, two of his sons wearing 
the uniform : A. B., who was a member of the Fourth Wisconsin 
Cavalry; and Heaton L., who belonged to an Illinois volunteer in- 
fantry regiment. Mr. Luse was a Republican in politics. He died at 
the age of forty-eight years, in 1863, while his widow survived him for 
a long period, and passed away in 1910, when in the ninety-fifth year 
of her age. They were the parents of eleven children, of whom three 
now survive, and Louis K. was the tenth in order of birth. 




j^g^^6X>^^ ^Z^d^yty^L^d^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1169 

Louis K. Luse was given excellent educational advantages, attend- 
ing the common schools and Albion Academy of Dane county, and the 
law department of the University of Wisconsin. After his graduation 
from the latter, in 1876, he first located at Stoughon, Wisconsin, where 
in 1878 he was elected the first city clerk of that place. In the fol- 
lowing year he became a member of the Dane county board of super- 
visors, and in 1880 was sent as a representative to the General Assem- 
bly, in which he served one term. From 1887 to 1891 he acted in the 
capacity of assistant attorney general of the state, and in June, 1895. 
was again appointed to that office, but resigned the office six months later 
to go to St. Paul, Minnesota, as general attorney for the Chicago, 
Minneapolis, St. Paul & Omaha Railroad, a position which he held for 
four years. Mr. Luse next located in Madison, Wisconsin, where he 
formed a professional partnership with Judge A. L. Sanborn, now 
United States district judge at Madison, under the firm style of San- 
born, Luse & Powell, the firm having offices in Madison and Superior. 
In 1904, with the retirement from the firm of Judge Sanborn, and the 
admittance of Mr. Luse's son, the firm became Luse, Powell & Luse, 
and as such it has continued to remain. This has become known as 
one of the leading legal firms of Wisconsin, being attorneys for some 
of Superior's principal enterprises, including the Soo Railroad, the 
Wisconsin Central Railroad, the First National Bank and the Land & 
River Company. Since coming to Superior Mr. Luse has served some- 
thing over one year as city attorney, but resigned on account of the 
demands of his practice. He is a Republican in his political views. 
Mr. Luse has a well-balanced and discerning mind, and hone have a 
higher ideal than his of what is due the clients whose cause he under- 
takes. He has taken rank among the best citizens of the progressive 
city with which he has become identified, his professional and personal 
excellencies having made him a leader of sagacity and worth. 

Mr. Luse was married first December 31, 1877, to Miss Ella 
Bartholomew, who was born in Lodi, Wisconsin, and who died July 
12, 1900, having been the mother of two children: Claude Z.. in prac- 
tice as a member of the firm of Luse, Powell & Luse. who married 
Gertrude Baker, of St. Paul, Minnesota ; and Katherine, at home. 
Mr. Luse's second marriage occurred October 22, 1904, when he was 
united with Miss Louise Sund, born in Stockholm, Sweden. October 12, 
1879. 

Charles M. Archibald. A former sheriff and county treasurer of 
Ashland county, the late Charles M. Archibald was well known in 
that section of Wisconsin, had a large acquaintance and friendship 
in different parts of the state, and his career was one of varied and 
eventful activity. A special distinction attaches to Mrs. Archibald, 



1170 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

his widow, in that she has succeeded her husband in the office of 
county treasurer, and now holds that position by regular election, 
being the only woman who has ever thus been honored in the state 
of Wisconsin. 

Charles M. Archibald was born in Chicago, Illinois, July 2, 1864. 
His father, James R. Archibald, was born in County Cavan, Ireland, 
and the mother was likewise a native of Ireland. In 1868 the family left 
Chicago and located in Minnesota, at Hokah, where Charles M. Archi- 
bald was reared and attended the common schools. When he was nine- 
teen years of age, leaving home, he entered the railroad service as a fire- 
man on the Wisconsin Central Railroad. With three years of experi- 
ence as a fireman, he was promoted to engineer, and continued 
actively as a railroader until 1894. In that year, having been a resi- 
dent of Ashland for some time, he was elected sheriff of Ashland 
county and served two years. During the great gold excitement 
in the Klondike, he went to that region as a gold seeker and remaii ed 
there until the fall of 1898. During the next four or five years he was 
one of the operators in the oil fields of California. His return to 
Ashland was in 1903, and in the following year he was elected county 
treasurer. His term was for four years, and his faithful and efficient 
administration was interrupted by his death on June 4, 1906. Mrs. 
Archibald finished out his term until January 1, 1907, and then 
continued to act as deputy county treasurer until the fall of 1911, 
when she was regularly elected to the office. No other woman in the 
state has been honored with choice to so important a position as 
county treasurer. Of all the various incumbents of the office at 
Ashland, none ever made a record of greater fidelity or more sys- 
tematic management of the county finances than Mrs. Archibald. 

Mrs. Archibald was born at Hokah, Minnesota, September 28, 1867, 
her maiden name being Nellie M. Brown. She and Mr. Archibald 
were married at Hokah, January 1, 1891, and four children were 
born of this marriage, namely : Esther, Ruth, Helen, and Charles. 
For eight years previous to her marriage she had taught in the public 
schools and is a very capable business woman and very popular 
in her home community. For the last twenty-two years she has been 
an active member of the Presbyterian church. 

Walter Kempster, M. D. The appointment in December, 1872, of 
Walter Kempster as superintendent of the Hospital for the Insane at 
Oshkosh brought to the state of Wisconsin one of the most eminent alien- 
ists and psychologists whose names and achievements have adorned the 
history of American medicine during the last half century. Dr. Kemp- 
ster has for forty years been a resident of this state, and for that reason 
Wisconsin may properly claim his citizenship and the credit of his many 
distinguished services. But in truth Dr. Kempster 's rank as a physician 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1171 

is among the world's leaders, and in the profession his name is as familiar 
in national and international circles as it is in his home state. One of the 
greatest figures in the medical world have expressed the rank and appre- 
ciation of the services of Dr. Kempster in such manner as needs no com- 
ment nor amplification. The Venerable Noah S. Davis said that for 
twenty- five years he had held a high rank among the more eminent 
psychologists of our country. Another great authority in American 
medicine spoke: "As an expert medical witness in court he has no 
superior. He is an earnest, industrious student of men and affairs, kind- 
hearted, true to his friends, fearless of his enemies, and dauntless in his 
aims and undertakings. As a public debator he has few equals; as a 
writer he is clear and pithy ; and as a citizen he is patriotic and public 
spirited. He despises shams and charlatanry, and withal is a courteous 
and affable gentleman." 

Still another tribute speaks of him as for nearly thirty years occupy- 
ing a commanding position in America as an alienist, "and it is in this 
particular department of medical science that he is best known to the 
general public, as well as in the profession at large. As health commis- 
sioner of the city of Milwaukee he showed himself equal to the handling 
of great problems in sanitary science, for during his term of offin- he 
handled with consummate skill and success the greatest and most fatal 
epidemic of smallpox that ever visited this city." As indicating the vast 
resources and scope of his services, another eminent physician speaks of 
him as "the first physician in the United States to make systematic 
microscopic examinations of the brain of the insane, and to make of these 
micro-photographs. " He read a paper before the International Medical 
Congress in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1876, exhibiting these photo- 
graphs with a descriptive lecture that was regarded at the time a very 
great contribution to the Pathology of Insanity. One year before this 
meeting he had been requested by the officers of the International Medical 
Congress to prepare the foregoing paper in order that the alienists in 
attendance from all parts of the world might be made familiar with 
pathology of insanity. This address was published in the volume of 
Transactions. 

The photo-micrographs demonstrate perfectly the several microscopic 
changes occuring in the various stages of degeneration ; from the first 
granular speck, denoting departure from the normal tissue, to the com- 
plete obliteration or destruction of the part involved. The examinations 
of which these illustrations were the result, extended through ;i period 
of seventeen years, during which time more than two hundred brains of 
insane were thus examined, besides many of the lower animals. Summing 
up the results of his observations. Dr. Kempster stated in his address 
that it was necessary to appeal to the microscope for an explanation of 
these mysterious phenomena which, under the name "insanity." so long 
have baffled the philosopher, theologian and physician: by means of 
Vol. v— 10 



1172 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

this instrument, the pathology of this dread disease would be revealed, 
its character understood, and effective measures of treatment established. 
The original slides and the photo-micrographs were exhibited to the 
members of the Chicago Pathological Society in 1875 by Dr. Kempster, 
and he was then made an honorary member, the first physician who had 
received this distinction. It has been Dr. Kempster 's aim to demonstrate 
by the study of pathology, that insanity is a symptom of diseased brain 
tissue, and not a disturbance of the mental faculties independent of dis- 
ease, and his investigation, based upon his long experience demonstrates 
this truth. As a result he has been an ardent advocate for the care of 
the insane in hospitals, instead of confining them in houses of detention 
or asylums. The results of his observations have been published from 
time to time in medical journals, transactions of medical societies, etc., 
from 1869 down to the present date, his articles being the earliest con- 
tributions upon the subject made in the United States disclosing the 
results of personal observations. He is entitled to credit as the first 
American laborer in this important field. 

Thus in a brief manner have been outlined the chief parts in the 
career of this eminent Wisconsin physician. By the quality of his char- 
acter and service, no citizen of the state during the last quarter century 
deserves a more distinctive place in this history. The history of his per- 
sonal career which follows is of high value in itself, as the biography of 
an eminent man whose work has been on the highest frame of beneficent 
activity. In particular is the biography a contribution to Wisconsin 
history in that portion which details his work as health commissioner of 
the city of Milwaukee, and in behalf of good government that portion of 
this personal sketch might be well emphasized and repeated in every his- 
tory of this state or the city of Milwaukee. 

Walter Kempster was born in London, England, May 25, 1841, a son 
of Christopher and Charlotte (Treble) Kempster, and comes of an old 
family of England, of Norman extraction. Authentic accounts of the 
earliest ancestors extend back to the year 1180. Christopher Kempster, 
the father, came to America with his family in 1848 and located in Syra- 
cuse, New York. By profession he was a botanist and horticulturist, and 
he became well known in that line, and also made a name in other fields 
of thought and endeavor. He identified himself promptly with the cause 
of abolition of slavery, and was a personal associate in that work with 
such men as Garrison, Phillips and others. He also devoted much time 
to the advancement of the Young Men 's Christian Association, an organi- 
zation which was then in its infancy. Prison reform was then seldom 
mentioned or thought of, and he was one of the most vigorous advocates 
of reform of prison conditions, as well as one of the earliest in this 
country. 

Seven years of age at the time the family came to America, and reared 
in a home and environment which was vivified by such high principles 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1173 

and thought as were constantly present in the speech and action of his 
father and intimate friends, Walter Kempster had every encourage- 
ment and incentive to higher undertakings and noble courses of life. 
He heard the abolition addresses of the most famous of the Anti-slave 
leaders of the times and when the war came on he was ready for the 
service both on the grounds of patriotism and the cause of steadfast 
devotion to the principles involved. He promptly put an end to his 
preparation for college, and volunteered at the first call for three 
months troops, becoming a private in Company H, Twelfth New York 
Volunteer Infantry. The regiment reached Washington, D. C, May 13, 
1861, and camped on the White House grounds, Company H being 
located on the present site of the conservatories. While they were in 
these grounds President Lincoln frequently talked with the soldiers, 
and on one occasion approached young Kempster, who was of slender 
build, and, placing his hand on the youth's head, said, "My boy, my 
boy, what are you doing here? You should be at home. We don't want 
such children asyou here; run in the house and play with my children." 
The sadness that overspread his grave countenance was but the index 
of what he knew to be in store for the volunteers. At the time Dr. 
Kempster considered the remark as almost a reflection upon his quali- 
fications for the army. It is now remembered as a benediction. 

On May 24, 1861, the Twelfth crossed the long bridge and encamped 
on the soil of Virginia. Its chief work was in picketing the Potomac 
river until the beginning of the Bull Run Campaign, when it became 
part of the brigade under 'Col. I. B. Richardson. At the close of the 
sharp skirmish at Blackburn's Ford on July 18, 1861, young Kempster. 
who had already commenced to study medicine, was detailed on duty in 
the hospital, and had the immediate charge of the wounded men. At 
the battle of Bull Run the Richardson brigade covered the retreat from 
Centerville, and soon after that first great disaster to Federal lines. Mr. 
Kempster 's service expired. He was honorably mustered out and then 
re-enlisted in the Tenth New York Cavalry in November, 1861. for 
three years, receiving the appointment of hospital steward. He partici- 
pated in all the movements of the regiments until April. 1S62. when he 
was detailed for duty at Patterson Park General Hospital in Baltimore. 
As assistant to the surgeon. Major R. W. Pease, he aided in organizing 
this large hospital, at one time containing more than twelve hundred 
beds, constantly filled with sick and wounded men. He was continu- 
ously on duty caring for the wounded and sick, until January. 1863. 
when he applied to the Adjutant General of the United States Army to 
be relieved from duty in the hospital that he might rejoin his regiment, 
which was then in the field near Aquia Creek. Virginia, preparing for 
the spring campaign. Thereafter he took part in all the engagements 
of his regiment, near Fredericksburg, the Stoneman raid, and the fierce 
cavalry battle at Brandy Station. June 9, 1863. Immediately after 



1174 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the battle of Brandy Station, Dr. Kempster was promoted to be 
first lieutenant of Company D of his regiment, the commission bearing 
date of June 9, 1863. He took part in the cavalry battles of Aldie, Mid- 
dleburg, Upperville and the almost constant skirmishing necessary to 
locate the several commands of the Confederate troops and ascertain 
their destination; and long before they reached the historic field of 
Gettysburg Pleasonton's cavalrymen knew that the Confederates were 
aiming for that locality, and so advised General Hooker, then com- 
manding the army, but at the time the advice was disregarded. Dr. 
Kempster was present during the terrible fighting at Gettysburg, and 
in the engagements following, during Lee's retreat to Virginia. During 
the time occupied in this campaign, the regiment was without its com- 
plement of surgeons, and Lieut. Kempster was called upon to care for 
the sick and wounded as well as to perform his duties as first lieutenant. 
Study and medical reading were kept up during field service, but as 
books were bulky and could not be carried, successive chapters were 
cut out and sent from home from time to time. While picketing with 
his men on Hazel river, preliminary to the battle of Mine Run, he 
received ah injury which incapacitated him from performing full field 
duty, and in consequence he resigned. During the period of con- 
valescence he completed his medical education at Albany Medical Col- 
lege and was graduated from Long Island College Hospital in June, 
1864. He immediately re-entered the army as acting assistant surgeon 
of the United States Army, being assigned to duty at Patterson Park 
General Hospital in Baltimore. Soon afterwards he was promoted to 
be executive officer and remained in active service until the close of the 
war. 

After the war Dr. Kempster at once took up the study of nervous 
and mental diseases, so that almost from the outset of his career his 
attention has been directed to the field in which his ability has found its 
greatest achievement. He received appointment as assistant superin- 
tendent of the New York State Hospital Asylum for Idiots at Syracuse, 
where he remained during 1866-1867. In the autumn of 1867 he was 
appointed assistant physician in" the State Lunatic Asylum at Utica, 
where he remained until 1873. During that time in 1867, he established 
the first laboratory in any such institution in the United States for 
the study of microscopic and macroscopic histology and pathology of 
the brain. He was also associate editor of the American Journal of 
Insanity, contributing to the Journal reports of cases, reviews and other 
matter. 

In December, 1872, he received the appointment of superintendent 
of the Northern Hospital for Insane near Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where he 
remained until 1887. During his twenty years experience among the 
insane more than eleven thousand persons thus afflicted came under his 
observation and care. Dr. Kempster was the first physician in the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1175 

United States to use carbolic acid internally for the treatment of dis- 
eases, the results being published in the American Journal of Medical 
Sciences and in the United States Dispensatory. He was the first to 
introduce and use in this country chloral as a sleep procuring agent, 
and was the first to introduce hyoscyainine in the treatment of certain 
forms of insanity. His investigations and experiments have been con- 
stant and profound from the very beginning of his professional career. 
The history of the profession records the methods and details of many 
of these experiments, but this sketch must merely record the important 
results. 

Dr. Kempster made a notable record while superintendent of the 
Hospital in Wisconsin. During the twenty years of his superintendency 
there was not one instance of suicide, a death by violence, or serious 
bodily injury to either the insane or officials. The laboratory estab- 
lished in the institutions was one of the best equipped in the United 
States, if not in the world, being provided with every instrument neces- 
sary to the prosecution of such investigation. The reports of the higher 
health and lower death rate in the institution attracted the attention of 
the English Lunacy Commission, who sent one of their members to the 
Northern Hospital for the Insane to investigate the methods pursued 
there. 

Dr. Kempster has made many notable contributions to the literature 
of medicine. Some of these articles which attained wide circulation 
were as follows : ' ' Some of the Preventable Causes of Insanity ; " " Gen- 
eral Paresis of the Insane;" "The Medical Jurisprudence of Insanity;" 
"The Care of the Chronic Insane;" "Mental Hygiene;" "Why Brains 
Wear Out;" "The Pathology of Insanity," with reports of cases; "The 
Character of the Diseased Tissues Found in the Brains of the Insane." 
illustrated by photo-micrographs. The annual report issued by 
Dr. Kempster while superintendent of the Northern Hospital contained 
much information concerning the history of insanity and its jurispru- 
dence. His resignation from the Northern Hospital was occasioned by 
a complete change made by the legislature of the state in the manage- 
ment of the public institutions, including the hospitals for the insane. 
This new law in Kempster 's opinion, imposed such conditions as to 
lower the efficiency of the hospital and prevented the best standards 
in the care and treatment of the insane. 

As an expert in the Jurisprudence of Insanity. Dr. Kempster lias 
received distinguished recognition in America and abroad Among the 
important trials to which he has been summoned were those of Gen. 
George W. Cole, charged with the killing of L. Harris Hiscoek. in 
Albany, New York in 1867; the trial of the assassin Guiteau. for the 
murder of President Garfield, to which he was called as "medical 
counsel" by the United States Government; and the trial of E. M. 
Field at New York, as well as many others of importance. He was 



1176 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

once summoned as a witness at a trial in Wales, and the character of 
his expert testimony was such as to have an important effect on Eng- 
lish practice, and attracted attention all over the British world. At 
the trial, Dr. J. Batty Tuke, the most eminent authority on insanity in 
England, was enthusiastic in his remarks about the testimony, saying 
''You have accomplished in thirty minutes what we have been trying 
to do without success for twenty years," and he was also congratulated 
by the court officials and attorneys. This was the first time in English 
courts that the American method was used by the judge, and it was the 
direct result of the testimony given by Dr. Kempster, as stated by Dr. J. 
Batty Tuke, who was present at the trial, as well as by the lawyers 
who conducted the case. This precedent established a distinct advance 
in the trial of insane persons who had been accused of crime, and its 
adoption was made the subject of favorable comment in English psy- 
chological journals and in the Continental press of the day. 

Dr. Kempster is an associate author of a two-volume work on the 
causes of emigration from Europe. In 1891 the United States Gov- 
ernment had appointed him to examine and report upon the causes of 
emigration from Europe, with special reference to the exodus of the 
Jews from Russia. With others he made a thorough investigation of 
the whole subject, while traveling extensively in Russia and the other 
European countries, and his investigations were the subject of the work 
just mentioned. The report, full of interesting material, was trans- 
lated and republished in France and England, and copious extracts 
from it found entrance into Russia, although the Russian government 
"officially" prohibited the introduction of the report into that country. 
After the completion of this report he was requested by the Secretary of 
State, James G. Blaine, to undertake a second mission abroad for the 
purpose of inquiring into the means employed by foreign governments 
to check the introduction of cholera and other dangerous contagious 
diseases into their dominions, and to prevent, if possible, any such dis- 
ease from being carried into the United States during the continuance of 
the Columbian Exposition held in Chicago in 1893, cholera being at that 
time epidemic in parts of Europe. The inquiries took the investigators 
over the routes usually traveled by former cholera epidemics, which 
were carefully studied, and a map prepared. The examinations through 
the Mediterranean and Asiatic countries disclosed the fact that there 
was no quarantine worthy of the name at any of the far eastern places 
where it was most needed, and from which cholera and the bubonic 
plague spread over the earth. Following this investigation, a report 
upon "the International Dissemination of Cholera and Other Diseases," 
containing an account of the conditions seen, was published by the 
United States Government in 1893. In this work was outlined a method 
of international quarantine, which would prevent these dangerous dis- 
eases from spreading beyond the limits of those countries where they 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1177 

originate. As a result, the methods of quarantine introduced for the 
year 1893, prevented eholera from invading the United States during 
that time, although the disease appeared in several of the European 
ports where intending passengers to the Columbian Exposition were 
detained, under the quarantine regulations imposed. No vessel could 
unload passengers in the United States which did not have a clean ' ' bill 
of health" from the American consul at the port of sailing, counter- 
signed by a surgeon detailed for that purpose, who was a member of 
the United States Marine Hospital Service, and under the immediate 
orders of the surgeon general of that corps. 

In 1894 Dr. Kempster was nominated health commissioner by the 
Mayor of Milwaukee, with the view of placing the health department 
under Civil service rules. This appointment was immediately antago- 
nized by all the powers and elements of corrupt and inefficient citizen- 
ship. An epidemic of smallpox existed at this time, and the aldermen 
who opposed civil service methods or any other methods but their own, 
took every opportunity to obstruct and hinder the commissioner and 
health department from taking proper and effective means to check the 
spread of the disease. A few aldermen went so far as to publicly 
harangue the people, inciting them to resist the orders of the health 
commissioner in his attempts to carry out the plain provisions of state 
and municipal laws. Their acts and words resulted in mob violence, 
which was openly commended by them, and which lasted several days, 
during which time the health officers were violently attacked and forci- 
bly driven away from quarantined houses, through which the mobs 
walked, thus causing a rapid spread of the epidemic, and seriously affect- 
ing the business interests of the city. These damagogues formed a com- 
bination in the council, obtained numerous injunctions, intended to pre- 
vent the proper care of smallpox patients, and began what they called 
"impeachment" proceedings, resulting in a long so-called trial, which 
lasted for several weeks before a "packed" committee of the common 
council, some of the most active, outspoken and bitter opponents of 
the commissioner being selected to "try" the case. The whole pro- 
ceeding was a farce, or worse. The most competent expert witnesses from 
other cities, as well as from Milwaukee, gave testimony as to the value 
of the system employed by the commissioner to check the spread of the 
epidemic, but those gentlemen were dismissed with a sneer. The result 
was a foregone conclusion even before the farce of a trial began, and the 
committee of the common council reported in favor of removing the 
commissioner from office, which report was speedily rushed through the 
common council. Legal proceedings were at once commenced by the 
commissioner for a review of the lawless acts of the common council, and 
in furtherance of such proceedings he obtained an in.iunctional order 
from the Superior Court, ordering and restraining the common council 
from in any manner interfering with the commissioner in the discharge 



1178 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

of his duties or molesting him in his office until ihe further order of the 
court. Notwithstanding such injunction and order, and in open defiance 
thereof, by direction of the common council and some city official, the 
police forcibly ejected the commissioner from his office. In order to 
defeat the ends of justice and prevent a renewal by the court of the 
mock trial proceedings, every conceivable obstacle was interposed by the 
common council that was possible, but to no avail; the circuit court 
finally decided that the proceedings of the common council in attempting 
the removal of the commissioner were unlawful, null and void, and that 
the commissioner had been unjustly and illegally removed from his 
office. Although the commissioner was excluded from his office by force, 
for the space of one year, during which time it was occupied by another 
person, selected by the common council, the Supreme Court of the state 
affirmed the decisions of the lower court, whereupon Dr. Kempster 
resumed charge of his office, and in an action brought therefor, which 
was taken to the Supreme Court of Wisconsin, that court held that the 
commissioner was entitled to the full salary for the entire time during 
which he was unlawfully and forcibly dispossessed. Meanwhile the state 
legislature passed a "civil service act" which provides that all employes 
of the city must pass an examination held by the Civil Service Commis- 
sion, and this is now on a permanent basis. • 

Probably no single official experience in this state was more signficant 
than that of Dr. Kempster in the office of health commissioner in Mil- 
waukee. For that reason the details of his fight to retain office have been 
properly reviewed at length. During his administration arrangements 
were made for taking daily analysis of milk, and of the city water, these 
improvements resulting in lowering the infant mortality. A laboratory 
was provided for this purpose and the office of Analyst and Bacteriologist 
created. For the first time in the history of the city the bakeries and 
candy manufactories were regularly inspected and thoroughly cleaned. 
All other sources of food supply were regularly inspected and supervised. 
The result brought about a lower death rate for the entire city, and placed 
Milwaukee on a parallel with the healthiest cities of the United States. 
Also during his term as health commissioner which continued until 1898, 
was inaugurated a systematic inspection of the sanitary condition of the 
schools. These investigations disclosed imperfect ventilation, and in sev- 
eral buildings the escape of sewer gas, defects which were at once cor- 
rected. A system of co-operation between the teaching force and the health 
department was established, and this resulted in checking the spread of 
contagious diseases, the correction of unwholesomeness, and was an 
important factor in increasing the general health of the entire city. As 
a municipal officer Dr. Kempster also advocated legislation for prevent- 
ing of unnecessary noises, for the abatement of the smoke nuisance, and 
for prevention of a contaminated water supply, by proper disposition 
of the sewage, which for years had been discharged into the lake within 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1179 

a mile of the intake. His recommendations have since been verified and 
adopted by a commission appointed for that purpose. He formulated 
plans for the disposal of the city garbage and for a more perfect super- 
vision of all matters affecting the health of the citizens. 

Dr. Kempster for a number of years was professor of mental dis- 
eases in the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons. He has 
taken an active interest in school and literary affairs, and has delivered 
several addresses on general literary topics, among which may be men- 
tioned: "A Study of the Mental Epidemics of the Middle Ages;" 
"Was Hamlet Insane?" "Personal Experiences in the Dominions of 
the Czar;" "Education in Russia;" memorial addresses on the occa- 
sion of the funeral exercises for President Garfield and President 
McKinley; Memorial Day addresses; and among other contributions to 
Civil war literature, he is author of "A History of the Cavalry of the 
Army of the Potomac;" a study which places many old facts in a new 
light and is considered an actual addition to the literature and the sub- 
ject. Dr. Kempster has found delight and recreation in literary and 
kindred pursuits, in spite of the activity which his professional work 
has involved. He has devoted time and study to the collection of books 
illustrating the origin and growth of printing and engraving, and has a 
number of books, engravings and prints illustrating this subject, among 
them being some of great rarity — such as Albrecht Duerer's "The 
Knight, Death, and the Devil," "Melancholia," the series "The'Life of 
the Virgin," eighteen pieces, "The Sword Hilt," "St. Christopher.'" 
and others. His collection of engravings, and of coins which illustrate 
the progress of coinage from about 700 B. C. and many specimens and 
photographs illustrating anthropology, the development of the art. and 
many kindred subjects, is probably the finest owned by any individual in 
the state of Wisconsin. The doctor is enthusiastic on all matters per- 
taining to the history of the Civil war, and spent more than twenty 
years in collecting material for his history of the "Cavalry in the 
Army of the Potomac." 

Dr. Kempster is a member of Wolcott Post, G. A. R. and of tin- Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion, of which he was elected commander in 
1901. He also holds membership in the Society of the Army of the 
Potomac and other military organizations. He is a member of the 
American Medical Association and of numerous minor associations and 
societies of the profession. He has served as president of the Wisconsin 
Chapter of the Alpha Mu Pi Omega fraternity. He is affiliated with 
Masonry, and with other benevolent and literary bodies. 

On December 2, 1892, Dr. Kempster married Frances S. Fraser, of 
Milwaukee, daughter of William Shillaber Saunders and Sarah ( David) 
Saunders, both of Massachusetts. 



1180 " HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Colonel. John G. Clark. The life and works of John G. Clark, long 
a resident of Lancaster, Wisconsin, and identified with many of its most 
worthy public enterprises all the years of his connection with the com- 
munity, are of such an order that a detailed account, were such avail- 
able must prove of the utmost interest to all who have any knowledge of 
the man ; but failing to present such a record, substitution is made of as 
full and complete an account of his active career as may be had. Long 
years of service in the legal profession have brought him honors in plenty, 
and his public service has been of a quality and character such as to place 
and hold him high in the esteem and regard of his fellows, who have long- 
recognized in him all those admirable qualities that make for the highest 
type of citizenship and render the possessor a most genuine friend of the 
people. His military career alone would have shed sufficient lustre upon 
his life for one individual, but it is characteristic of the man that in what- 
ever field of activity he finds himself, there shall be employed the noblest 
attributes of his nature. Born in Morgan county, Illinois, on July 31, 
1825, Colonel Clark is the son of Thomas Pye and Isabelle Clark, and it 
is particularly fitting that in a sketch of this nature mention be made of 
the parents and ancestry of the subject. 

It may be said at the outset that the father of the subject bore the 
patronymic of Pye at birth, and maintained that name until his mar- 
riage with Isabelle Clark, when by act of legislature, he assumed the name 
of his wife, instead of following the usual custom. Thomas P. Clark, then, 
was born in Pemberton near Wiggin, Lancashire, England, on June 26, 
1781, and was but fifteen years old when he came to America in company 
with an elder brother. He first stopped in Pennsylvania, working upon 
a farm in summer and attending school in winter. Later he went to New 
York City, then a budding metropolis, and entered the employ of a mer- 
cantile house, where he spent several years. Naturally a man of very 
independent character, he decided to go into business on his own responsi- 
bility and fixed on Havana, Cuba, as the field for his future operations. 
While enroute with his stock in trade, the ship was seized by pirates and 
everything was lost except some fine silks which he was able to conceal 
upon his person. The lives on the captured ship were spared and the 
men were landed upon the island of Cuba. He spent several years fol- 
lowing his disaster clerking in a store at Havana, then returned to the 
states, to Augusta, Georgia. It was there he married Isabella Clark, who 
was born in that city on January 11, 1786. In 1822 they moved westward 
stopping one winter in Tennessee, arriving the next year in Morgan coun- 
ty, Illinois, settling on a farm where the Lancaster attorney and public 
man was born. Here he acquired a very large tract of land involving 
himself very largely in debt for that purpose ; and then, when everything 
was so promising, the panic of 1837 came and in the payment of his debts, 
lands, personal property, everything was lost. The family then moved 
to Missouri, locating near Marion College, in Marion county, in order 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 11*1 

that the children of the family might have better educational advan- 
tages. The father was unusually well educated, considering the times 
and opportunities, and he was ambitious that his four sons be similarly 
or better equipped for their struggle with the world. Here followed 
several uneventful years in which the senior Clark devoted himself to 
agriculture in which he was always greatly interested and became a 
local authority. But farming in a new country such as Illinois then was 
without means of transportation or markets must necessarily grow irk- 
some to one of his restless energy, and it is in no wise surprising thai 
when the excitement caused by the discovery of gold in California 
spread over the country he determined to go there. In 1850 he went 
to New Orleans to fit out an expedition but in the midst of it was 
stricken with cholera and died in the course of a few hours. The widowed 
mother died in the same year. The children of these parents were as 
follows: William, Thomas C, Charles I., and John G. The first born. 
William, died in California of which state he was for many years a 
resident. Thomas was educated for the medical profession, and is said 
to have lost his life while serving as a surgeon in the Confederate army 
which he joined under compulsion. Charles I. went to Texas in 1853 
or 1854, and was there pressed into the Rebel service, although himself 
a Union man in principle. 

John G. Clark as a youth possessed that independence of spirit that 
caused him to early seek his own maintain ance, and he began in a hum- 
ble way, taking employment as a day laborer. While yet under twenty, 
he gave up work and entered Marion College, near the family home in 
Missouri, and in September, 1815, entered Illinois College at Jackson- 
ville, Illinois, and two years later was graduated from that institution. 
It is but fair to him to say that during his college career he further 
manifested his naturally independent nature by discharging part of his 
college expenses through performance of janitor work and teaching, but 
when he was graduated he still owed a considerable part of his course 
which he later paid with generous- interest. 

Returning to Missouri, he found that he could not earn a living 
wage as a teacher and no other suitable labor presented itself. He 
accordingly, in 1847, went to the lead regions of southwestern Wiscon- 
sin which were then in a flourishing condition. After trying his hand 
as a miner for two years, except during the winter months when he 
taught school, he engaged himself to James E. Freeman, a government 
surveyor, and departed with him and his men for the northern part of 
the state of Wisconsin. Although he went out as a man of all work. 
opportunity had nevertheless knocked at his door. Surveying northern 
Wisconsin because of its numerous lakes and obstructions was difficult 
work calling for a great deal of triangulation, and Freeman was greatly 
pleased to avail himself of his knowledge of higher mathematics. Soon 
Freeman placed in his hands a solar compass with the use and adjust- 



1182 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

merit of which he directly became very expert and was then placed in 
charge of a party. Such was the beginning of his career as a surveyor, 
a calling which he followed for several years on his own account working 
in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri. In the course of this 
work he encountered every hardship that could be imagined in con- 
nection with the wilderness work of this order. Twice in his surveying 
experience did he winter in the near vicinity of Lake Superior, without 
shelter beyond such as might be provided by a chance gathering of pine 
boughs when quitting work for the night. These hardships came to be 
lightly regarded by himself and his men, and it is undeniable that many 
dormant qualities of good were fostered and brought into action by the 
contact with rough and rugged nature in the wilderness in which 
their duties called them. It is probable that Colonel Clark in his day as 
surveyor explored and surveyed as much virgin territory as any man in 
Wisconsin who might be named. He located a portion of the state line 
between Missouri and Iowa in 1852 and surveyed the adjacent lands, and 
many other government contracts were carried out by him with zeal 
and accuracy. 

The public service of Colonel Clark began in 1853, when he was 
appointed Deputy Clerk of the Circuit Court of Grant County. In the 
following year he was elected clerk of said court and succeeded himself 
in 1856 and again in 1858. In 1860, so well had he acquitted himself 
in his minor office, and so capable did he show himself, he was the 
choice of his party for state legislature, and he was still serving in that 
office when all lesser interests became engulfed in the War of the Rebel- 
lion. It may be assumed that he was one of the first to offer himself to 
Wisconsin and the Union. When the first call was made for volunteers 
he went to Madison to enlist, expecting to become a member of the 
second regiment of Wisconsin Infantry, but upon the earnest request of 
the Governor who desired his services and had other plans in view for 
him, he deferred enlisting at that time. He was not to be kept out 
of the service very long, however, and on the 14th of June, 1861, he 
was commissioned and went to the front as first Lieutenant and Quarter- 
Master of the Fifth Wisconsin. In this capacity he passed through all 
the experiences of his regiment from that time until May, 1863. He took 
part in the Seven Days battles in June, 1862, in the battle of South 
Mountain in the following September, and in the battle of Antietam a 
few days later. He also participated in the battles along the Rappahan- 
nock in the following December, and in May, 1863, in the battle of 
Fredericksburg at that sanguinary part of the field known as Marye's 
Heights. In May, 1863, he was appointed by Secretary of War Stanton 
to the post of Provost Marshal of the Third District of Wisconsin, with 
the rank of Captain of Cavalry, headquarters at Prairie du Chien, an 
office he continued to hold until February 19, 1865, when he was com- 
missioned Colonel of the Fiftieth Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, of 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1183 

which he took immediate command with headquarters at Jefferson City, 
Missouri. This regiment was scattered with other troops over some half 
dozen counties and for a while Colonel Clark had command of all. in 
July the Fiftieth Wisconsin was ordered to Fort Leavenworth and there 
Colonel Clark came for the first time in actual personal touch with all 
of his regiment, which had previously served in companies or sub- 
divisions wherever needed. Shortly after this he was sent with his 
command to the upper Missouri to do service on the frontier, controlling 
the Indians and performing other duty for which his men had not 
enlisted and which they were loath to perform. All were anxious to 
return to their respective vocations, and the colonel and his men felt 
with every reason that an injustice had been done them. It is unde- 
niable, however, that the excellent standing of the regiment at head- 
quarters with regard to drilling, discipline, etc., was mainly responsi- 
ble for this state of affairs, and while the Colonel resented the unjusti- 
fiable continuance of duty on the part of his regiment, he was also 
pardonably proud of the splendid reputation that had made such con- 
tinued duty desirable. However, he and his regiment were mustered 
out June 19, 1866, and the irksome duties ended. 

While clerk of the court, Colonel Clark had improved his leisure 
time reading law and shortly prior to his enlistment had been admitted 
to the Bar ; and in 1867, shortly after his return to civil life, he opened a 
law office in Lancaster. Since that time he has been continuously 
engaged in the practice of law in Grant county except for some four 
years as Federal Judge of Oklahoma, to which office he had been 
appointed by President Harrison. The opening up and settlement of 
Oklahoma gave rise to many new and difficult questions of law and many 
questions were carried for review to the supreme court of the United 
States. Analysis of the decisions of the latter court will show that the 
decisions of Judge Clark were invariably affirmed and upheld by the 
highest court, a matter of justifiable pride and satisfaction to him. 

For a number of years Colonel Clark served as mayor of Lancaster, 
and also gave some years of service as chairman of the town and county 
boards. While chairman of the town board the construction of the 
railroad through this part of the state was carried on, and he at that 
time was most active in the interests of the city, assuming responsibil- 
ities of a financial nature, it is said, that must have ruined him had 
failure attended the plans of the railroad people. He is known to be 
the practical builder of the first iron bridges and school houses that 
have been erected in Grant county, and while mayor of the city of 
Lancaster, he acted as chairman of the committee that secured, and 
superintended the construction of one of the first and best county 
asylums for the insane to lie built in the country. 

In 1874, Colonel Clark was a candidate for the nomination for 
Congress by the Republican party, of which he was one of the organiz- 



1184 HISTORY OF "WISCONSIN 

ers in 1853 and 1854, and of which he has all his life been an active 
member. 

Colonel Clark has distinguished himself by having held the office of 
the Master of the Masonic Lodge, Lancaster Lodge No. 20, for fifteen 
years, a most unusual record. He is a member of the G. A. R. and 
has been a member of the Odd Fellows since 1861, and served that order 
as Grand Master. He also served as Grand Representative to the Sov- 
ereign Grand Lodge for a number of years. 

Colonel Clark was married February 19, 1852, to Minerva Ann 
Pepper, the daughter of Harvey Pepper of Mineral Point. Their two 
children are Alice, now Mrs. Tiel, a resident of California, and William 
Harvey, a resident of Oklahoma City. The Colonel and his faithful 
wife make their home in the residence that has sheltered them for the 
past sixty years in Lancaster. 

Despite his long years of activity in varied business relations, 
Colonel Clark is still hale and hearty, and is one of the men whom 
Lancaster reckons with when important affairs are on foot in the com- 
munity. His position is as secure now as it was in the days of his 
young manhood, and Lancaster honors and esteems him as one who has 
contributed no small portion to the best activities of the city and 
county. 

Louis G. Bohmrich. With offices in Suite 809 Wells building, Mr. 
Bohmrich holds a place of definite prestige as one of the strong and 
popular representatives of the bar of the city of Milwaukee, where he 
controls a substantial practice of important order. He is a man of 
fine intellectual and professional attainments, has been an influential 
factor in connection with political affairs in Wisconsin, and his sterling 
character and genial personality have gained to him unqualified popu- 
larity. He has served in various offices of public trust and in 1900 was 
the candidate of the Democratic party for the office of governor of Wis- 
consin, — a fact which indicates his status in the state of his adoption. 

Mr. Bohmrich was born in the province of the Rhine, Germany, on 
the 26th of October, 1855, and is a son of Joseph and Amalia (LeClair) 
Bohmrich, who passed the closing years of their lives in 1895-1897, the 
father having been a successful manufacturer of furniture and a citizen 
of steadfast rectitude. He whose name initiates this review was afford- 
ed the advantages of the excellent educational institutions of his father- 
land, and in his collegiate course he gave special attention to the study 
of physics and political economy. He was a student in a college at 
Koenigsberg, Prussia, from 1875 to 1878, inclusive, and here made 
particular research and investigation concerning the anatomy of grain, 
its chemistry and the practical handling of its products. 

In 1879, at the age of twenty-four years., Mr. Bohmrich came to 
America, and in 1885, in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, he became a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1185 

naturalized citizen of the United States. From 1880 until 1885 he held 
the position of superintendent of the Cincinnati Warehouse & .Malting 
Company, and thereafter, with residence in New York city, he was 
representative for the eastern states of the M. L. Pettit Malting Com- 
pany, of Kenosha, Wisconsin, until 1892, when he became superin- 
tendent of the company's business at its headquarters, in Kenosha. He 
retained this position until 1895, and thereafter he was engaged in 
active business as a general expert in grain and its products until June, 
1897, in the meanwhile continuing his residence at Kenosha. He began 
reading law under effective private preceptorship and finally entered 
the Chicago College of Law, which is the law department of Lake For- 
est University. In this institution he was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1897 and from the same he received his degree of Bachelor 
of Laws. He was forthwith admitted to the Wisconsin bar and has 
since been engaged in the active and successful practice of his profes- 
sion. He maintained his home at Kenosha until April, 1901, and had 
in the meanwhile an office in Milwaukee as well as that place. Since 
the spring of 1901 he has resided in Milwaukee, and he is one of the 
essentially representative members of the bar of the Wisconsin metro- 
polis, where he has been concerned with much important litigation 
in the various courts and where he is legal representative of various 
corporations and prominent individual interests. In 1897-8 he served 
as city attorney of Kenosha, and by re-election he continued the incum- 
bent of this office during 1899-1900. In 1897 he received, through Gen- 
eral Fairchild, appointment as a member of the committee of one hun- 
dred, which had in charge the arrangements for the Wisconsin semi- 
centennial. From 1903 to 1906 Mr. Bohmrich was a member of the 
directorate of the Merchants' & Manufacturers' Association of Mil- 
waukee. He is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity and the Knights 
of Pythias, and in his home city holds membership in the Deutscher 
Club and the Milwaukee Athletic Club. 

From the time of receiving the right of franchise in the land of his 
adoption the Democratic party has numbered Mi-. Bohmrich as one of 
its stanch adherents, and he has been an active and effective exponent 
of its principles and policies as well as an influential factor in its coun- 
cils in Wisconsin. In 1900 he was the candidate of his party for 
governor of Wisconsin, and he made a most spirited canvass of the 
state in the campaign of that year, his opponent having been lion. 
Robert M. La Follette, who was elected for his first gubernatorial 
term. Mr. Bohmrich made a most excellent showing at the polls but 
his defeat was compassed by normal political exigencies. In 1892 
Mr. Bohmrich made, in the Democratic state convention, the speech 
nominating Hon. George W,. Peck for governor, and it will be recalled 
that in the ensuing election Mr. Peck was victorious. In 1911 Mr. 
Bohmrich was appointed by Governor McGovern. a member of the 



1186 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Wisconsin Perry's Victory centennial commission, and he has given 
most effective service in this position. 

In the primary election of 1906, when Francis E. McGovern was 
defeated for renomination as district attorney of Milwaukee county, 
as the result of the manoeuvers of what was termed a combination of 
the anti-graft-prosecution forces, Mr. Bohmrich made, at the Pabst 
theater, the opening speech for McGovern in the latter 's independent 
campaign for the office of district attorney, to which he was re-elected. 
In November, 1912, Mr. Bohmrich was elected one of the presidential 
electors at large on the party ticket in Wisconsin, and thus had the 
distinctive satisfaction of witnessing the great Democratic victory, 
through which he had the privilege of casting his vote for President 
Wilson in the electoral college. 

Essentially broad-minded, liberal and public-spirited in his civil 
attitude, Mr. Bohmrich is ever ready to lend his influence and co-opera- 
tion in the furtherance of measures, enterprises and policies which he 
believes for the best interests of his home city, county and state, and 
through his character and services he has honored the commonwealth 
in which he has long maintained his home and to which his loyalty is 
unswerving. The family attends St. Mark's Episcopal church. 

On the 12th of September. 1882. in Cincinnati, Ohio, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Bohmrich to Miss Elizabeth Knauber, who was 
born and reared in that city and who is a daughter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth Knauber. Mr. Knauber came from Germany to the United States 
in 1848 and became one of the prominent and successful representa- 
tives of the pork-packing industry in Cincinnati, where he built up an 
extensive business, with which he continued to be actively identified 
until 1890, after which he lived virtually retired until his death, which 
occurred in 1911. His widow, who is eighty-nine years of age at the 
time of this writing, in 1913, still resides in Cincinnati. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bohmrich have three children — Mrs. Stella von Cotzhauerr, Mrs. 
Brunhilda Kellogg, and Miss Louise, the last mentioned remaining at 
the parental home. 

Dr. Charles Edgar Albright, prominent in Milwaukee for many 
years as a physician and later as a solicitor for the Northwestern 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, was born in Darcyville, Tennessee, 
on January 1, 1867. He is the son of George N. and Barbara (Thomp- 
son) Albright, both natives of North Carolina, but who spent the 
greater part of their lives in Tennessee. The mother died in 1877 
leaving a family of six children, five of whom are still living. The 
father, at the outbreak of the Civil war enlisted in the Seventh North 
Carolina Infantry of the Confederate Army, and he served in all the 
battles of the war in which his regiment participated, including the first 
battle of Bull Run and the Wilderness fight. At the former battle he 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1187 

came within a few yards of the guns of the Third Wisconsin. Near the 
close of the war, Mr. Albright was captured and remained for several 
months a prisoner in the Federal prison at Johnson's Island in Lake 
Erie, off the coast of Ohio. Previous to this he had been made a second 
lieutenant, and as such was mustered out of the Confederate service. 

Dr. Albright completed his preliminary training in the common 
schools of his home, after which he entered Rush Medical College 
where he graduated in medicine in the class of 1899. After two years 
of practice as an interne in the Presbyterian hospital he became con- 
nected with the medical department of the Northwestern Mutual Life 
Insurance Company at Milwaukee, AVisconsin. He remained with the 
company in his medical capacity until 1903, and then resigned to 
spend one and one-half years in European travel and study. Upon 
his return home Dr. Albright again entered the employ of the North- 
western Mutual Life, this time as a solicitor, and as such he has since 
been actively engaged in and about Milwaukee. His success in this 
line of work has been phenomenal, and he has within the year 1913 
captured the company's first prize for the greatest volume of business 
written, this being the seventh consecutive time that Dr. Albright has 
carried off that honor. 

With reference to the wonderful career of Dr. Albright in this 
field of work, we here quote verbatim an article which appeared in a 
Milwaukee publication in August, 1912, under the heading ''Wisconsin 
Portraits," by Ellis B. Usher. The article follows: "When a man 
beats a world's record, people sit up and look him over. When a AVis- 
consin man does it we feel the 'Rah Rah Rah' spirit rise within us for 
the 'home' man. At the recent national meeting of the Northwestern 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, it developed that Dr. C. E. Albright 
had not only captured the Company's first prize for the seventh con- 
secutive time as the greatest writer of insurance, but he had distanced 
the record of every insurance writer in the world, writing $1.850.7.">0 
of business in twelve months. This is a very wonderful achievement 
in itself but the victory is more notable, in comparison with insurance 
writing of former days, because it demonstrates that the men of great 
business turn more and more to life insurance as an intelligent method 
of protecting their commercial enterprises as well as their estates. And 
this fact gives Dr. Albright his opportunity. He was educated in medi- 
cine, is an accomplished scholar and a man who has seen the world. 
As a director of the Wisconsin National Bank and the AVisconsin Se- 
curities Company of Milwaukee and a stock holder in other financial 
concerns, he is in constant contact with large commercial enterprises, 
in short, an intelligent man of affairs, who talks life insurance to men 
of large interests who appreciate expert advice, lie gives them per- 
sonal service. The subject is never forced upon unwilling people. This 
is his secret. The figures given represent the business done for the 

Vol. V— 11 



1188 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Northwestern. The company's limit is $100,000 on a single life. Last 
year he wrote one man for $600,000 so the surplus had to be placed 
elsewhere, a suggestion of a still larger aggregate as his actual accom- 
plishment. Dr. Albright is an excellent illustration of the value and 
the necessity of 'finding oneself in these days of specialization. The 
winner in these days must be a specialist. He must know something 
of value and know it better than anybody else. 

Dr. Albright is a Mason of the thirty-second degree, and is promi- 
nent as a Shriner and in other branches of Masonry. He also belongs 
to the Milwaukee Club, the Milwaukee Country Club, the Deutscher 
Club, the Town Club, the University Club of Milwaukee, the Midday 
and University clubs of Chicago, and the Union Club of Cleveland, 
Ohio, and the Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh, and Union League Club, 
New York. He is a Republican in his political faith and he and his 
family are communicants of the Emanuel Presbyterian church. 

On November 21, 1899, Dr. Albright was married to Miss Laura 
Uihlein, the daughter of Henry and Helena (Kreutzer) Uihlein, both 
pioneer residents of Milwaukee. Mr. Uihlein has been president of the 
Schlitz Brewing Company for many years and is prominent in other 
business enterprises in this city. 

Dr. and Mrs. Albright have two daughters — Lorraine and Marion, 
and a son, David. 

Peter Truax. In a lifetime of activities few men are able to 
encompass so broad interests and such accumulations of material 
prosperity as the late Peter Truax, of Eau Claire. Fifty-four years 
of his life was spent at Eau Claire and vicinity, where he was one of 
the pioneer lumbermen, the owner of a large property in lands and 
industrial and financial concerns, and long regarded as one of the 
most resourceful and enterprising factors in the business affairs of 
the Chippewa Valley. Death came to him at his country residence 
on Truax Prairie, near Eau Claire, on March 18, 1909. A brief out- 
line of his career is consistently a part of Wisconsin history, and no 
citizen of Eau Claire more justly deserves such a permanent memorial. 

Of eastern birth and family, Peter Truax was born in Steuben 
county, New York, February 24, 1828, so that he was eighty-one 
years of age when called by death. During his boyhood his parents 
moved to Allegany county, New York, and it was in the schools of 
New York State that Peter Truax received all the book education 
which was granted him, and which was limited in accordance with 
the facilities of all public education in his time. In 1853 the family 
came west to Wisconsin, settling in Walworth county. The father 
of Peter Truax died in Eau Claire when more than one hundred 
years of age. Peter Truax had four brothers, all now deceased, 
namely : John Truax, of Menominee ; Nathan, also of Menominee ; 




wy 



(E^h ZZ^A^L- 




1 -<? '-6/^ >C 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1189 

David, of Eau Claire ; and Joseph, whose home was at Eau Claire. 
There were also three daughters, and the only one to survive the late 
Peter Truax was Mrs. Wylie of Black Creek, New York. In 1855 
Peter Truax moved to Eau Claire, and located on what later became 
known as Truax Prairie. His energies were devoted chiefly to farm- 
ing until 1865, in which year he took up his residence in the town 
of Eau Claire, and was identified with general merchandising until 
1873. It was in keeping with his broad business capacity that his 
interests were seldom confined to any one line. While farming and 
merchandising occupied the earlier years of his residence in Wis- 
consin, it was at an early period of the great lumber industry in 
this section of the state that his investments began in timber lands 
and in the practical work of logging. Besides his large holdings of 
timber lands, his investments comprised large amounts of real estate 
not only in AVisconsin but elsewhere. For several years before his 
death, Peter Truax was estimated as one of Eau Claire's wealthy 
men. Besides real estate in the cities of Superior and Eau Claire, 
his interests extended to saw mill properties with the Cloquette 
Lumber Company, and to stock in an electric railway in the state 
of Idaho. One of the largest buildings in the early days of Eau Claire 
was known as Music Hall, at the corner of Barstow and Kelsey streets, 
a structure built by Mr. Truax. Many of the older residents recall the 
theater on the top floor of that building. Subsequently the music hall 
was replaced by the present Kahn-Truax Building. In Eau Claire 
is located a fine residence erected by Mr. Truax some years before 
his death, but it was little frequented by him since his preference 
was for his country home on Truax Prairie, and it was at the latter 
place that his death occurred. For a number of years his chief occu- 
pation and diversion was the raising of fine trotting horses at his 
farm on Truax Prairie, and as a part of his farm he built and main- 
tained the fine track, on which to exercise and develop his stock. 
All over the state he was known as one of the most prominent figures 
of trotting horses, and in his stables were to be found some of the 
most valuable trotters in the country. 

It would take many pages to describe in detail the business 
career of Mr. Truax, but from what has been stated in preceding 
paragraphs it will be seen that he was one of the most substantial 
and one of the ablest business men of Wisconsin. The chief source 
of his success lay in his own character. He possessed great foresight 
and judgment in business affairs, and his acquisition of wealth was 
due to his native ability to take advantage of opportunities. His 
strong characteristics were his honesty, his shrewdness, his straight- 
forward disposition in all his dealings with others. There was in 
the late Peter Truax no tendency to sacrifice his convictions of right 
in behalf of his own personal advantage or of expediency. This is 



1190 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

illustrated by his devotion to the cause of the Prohibition Party, of 
which he was long one of the leaders in the state, and often allowed 
his name to go on the ticket of that party, though he recognized that 
he was only the leader of a forlorn hope. In every way his was a 
type of citizenship which is of the greatest value to any community 
or state. 

During his residence in Allegany county, New York, Peter Truax 
was married September 23, 1852, to Miss Cordelia Avery. Mrs. Truax, 
who survives her late husband, is one of the venerable pioneer women 
of Northern Wisconsin, where her home has been for more than fifty- 
five years. It is by no means as a result of her many years of resi- 
dence in Eau Claire and vicinity that Mrs. Truax holds so high a place 
in the esteem and affection of the people of this locality. In the 
domain of practical charity it is doubtful if any other resident has 
been so instant in giving and so steady in sustaining and upholding 
the broad purposes and activities of benevolence. Of her immediate 
aid to the poor and deserving, given in many cases, there can be 
no record, and she would be the last to wish any memorial of her 
unostentatious charity. In this respect it may be said that hers has 
been a life ''of many unremembered acts of kindness and of love." 
In some special instances, however, her contributions are matters of 
public knowledge. In the building of the handsome Young Men's 
Christian Association Building at Eau Claire, her contribution 
amounted to sixteen thousand dollars. To the churches and other 
organized charities her purse has ever been open, and her resources may 
be said to have largely built two church edifices in that city. She 
is herself one of the very active workers in the First Congregational 
Church of Eau Claire. 

Charles E. McLenegan. A thorough academic training, a wide 
and varied experience in dealing with educational institutions, an 
inherent sympathy with the uninformed attitude of many people 
toward books as educational tools and as friends, a faculty for bring- 
ing disassociated elements together in a common cause, and a sincere 
appreciation of the library as a public institution — there are the qualifi- 
cations which have made Charles E. McLenegan 's administration as 
librarian of the Milwaukee Public Library one of the best the city has 
known, while his unfailing courtesy, his infinite tact and the ability 
to meet all kinds of people under varying circumstances have resulted 
in his universal popularity among those who have occasion to visit the 
institution under his charge. Since young manhood, Mr. McLenegan 
has been associated with work of an educational nature, and his com- 
prehensive knowledge of human nature, gained through long years of 
experience as a teacher, has aided him materially in discharging the 
duties of his public position. Mr. McLenegan is a product of the farm, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1191 

having been born near Beloit, in Rock county, Wisconsin, January 
23, 1858. He received his early education in the Beloit jjublic schools, 
and later attended Beloit and Racine Colleges, being graduated from 
both institutions. On completing his collegiate course, he commenced 
to read law, but shortly thereafter decided to engage in educational 
work, and subsequently became an instructor in Racine College. He 
later held a like position in Kenyon College, and then became head 
master of Markham Academy, head of the English department. Mil- 
waukee High School, and of the same department in the Boys' High 
school, Brooklyn, New York. At the time of the establishment of the 
West Division High school, in Milwaukee, Mr. McLenegan returned 
to this city to become its principal, and from 1893 held that position 
until he was appointed to his present position, October 12, 1910. He 
entered upon his duties on November 15th following. 

Mr. McLenegan possesses a personality enabling him to take his 
proper part on public occasions, and business acumen fitting him to 
plan and administer large projects. He has introduced a number of 
innovations which have added to the efficiency of the technical machin- 
ery and credit is largely due to his efforts for the great power that the 
Milwaukee Public Library has become. 

Joseph P. Carney. Despite the fact that the preliminaries of the 
most exciting national presidential campaign in years were in progress 
the Milwaukee municipal election of April 2, 1912, attracted more 
general attention from press and people than any other political event 
of the month. The previous Socialist administration in one of Ameri- 
ca's largest cities had been watched closely, and not without some 
anxiety, and when the time came for a new decision by .the local elect- 
orate the result was of more than ordinary significance in the nation. 

On the non-partisan ticket which was successful at the polls and 
turned the Socialists out of office, the candidate for the city treasurer- 
ship, Joseph P. Carney, led all the other candidates in his majority, 
and this too in the face of a concentrated attack from the opposing 
forces. Mr. Carney proved himself an excellent campaigner, and 
through his personal popularity and on his fine record as alderman in 
previous administrations he received a vote of confidence such as lias 
seldom been given in Milwaukee elections. In the conduct of his office 
Mr. Carney has aimed solely at the best interests of the city and the 
people without regard to class or faction, and every citizen receives 
the same courtesy and privileges in this branch of municipal service. 

A native of the city which has so justly honored him, Mr. Carney 
was born on January 1, 1871, a son of James M. and Bridget Carney. 
the former a native of Milwaukee and the latter of Ireland. His 
father is an employe in the water department of Milwaukee. Joseph 
P. Carney was a student of the ninth district public school, finishing 



1192 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

there at the age of twelve in 1883, and then attended the East Division 
high school one year,. His practical career began when he was thirteen, 
at which time he was taken into employment in the editorial office of 
the Milwaukee Journal, and he has long been identified with the typo- 
graphical trades in this city. After serving out his apprenticeship 
as printer, he remained in the employ of the Journal for eight years, 
and was foreman of the composing room on leaving that office. He 
then went to the Daily News and had charge of the composing room 
for that paper fourteen years. 

Mr. Carney has been prominent in the civic and social life of his 
home city for many years, and enjoys the esteem of all classes of 
citizenship. At the age of eighteen he was mustered into the Wiscon- 
sin National Guard in Company G of the Fourth Infantry, was elected 
first lieutenant and later captain of his company. 

Politically he is a Democrat of the progressive type, believing in 
the rights of the common people exercised through regular forms of 
the constitution and statutes. His principles and his experience have 
aligned him in absolute opposition to Socialism, and his record in pub- 
lic office is sufficient testimony on this point. At the April election 
of 1908 he was chosen alderman-at-large for a term of four years, and 
from this office entered upon his duties as city treasurer following his 
triumph at the polls in 1912. 

Mr. Carney has been a member of the Milwaukee Typographical 
Union for the past twenty-four years, representing the union for many 
years in the Federated Trades Council, and was its delegate to the 
International Typographical Union at Louisville, Kentucky. Mr. Car- 
ney and his family are communicants of the Catholic church and he is 
a member of the Catholic Order of Foresters and the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians. 

The Carney home in Milwaukee is at 786 Fortieth street. His do- 
mestic life has been one of rare felicity, and in the modern generations 
of Americans he has reason for particular pride in his large family of 
children. He was married in this city on May 19, 1891, to Miss Frances 
Kleiner, daughter of John and Margaret Kleiner. Mrs. Carney has 
always been devoted to home and family, and in the careful training 
of her children has had little time and less inclination for the less 
important activities of women in clubs and social affairs. Thirteen 
children have come into their home circle, ten of whom are living, 
namely: Joseph E., born November 30, 1893, now with the Sterling 
Wheelbarrow Co. of West Allis ; Irene M., born June 30, 1895 ;. Clarence 
J., September 14, 1897 ; Roland II., February 13, 1899 ; James G., Jan- 
uary 17, 1902; Cyril G., May 27, 1903; Margaret F., September 25, 
1904 ; Frances J., March 16, 1906 ; John H., February 8, 1908 ; William 
C, April 7, 1911. The deceased children were : A son, stillborn, April 
30, 1892; Florence, born September 9, 1896; and Carol G., born March 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1193 

26, 1000. This is a fine household of strong and alert young folks, and 
being trained for lives of usefulness and honor. 

Burr W. Jones. For more than thirty years Burr W. Jones has 
been an active member of the AVisconsin State bar, among whose dis- 
tinguished members, by his learning, industry, ability and character, 
he has held a high rank, while he is no less valued in the community 
as a liberal-minded and enterprising citizen. Mr. Jones, now one of 
the three oldest practicing legists in Madison, was born at Evansville, 
Rock county, Wisconsin, March 9, 1846, and is a son of William and 
Sarah (Prentice) Jones, the former a native of Pennsylvania, and the 
latter of New York. AVillliam Jones came to the territory of AViscon- 
sin in 1845, and first located in Walworth county for a short time, then 
removing as a pioneer to the vicinity of Evansville, in Rock county, 
where he continued to reside until his death in 1855. After his death, 
his widow married Levi Leonard, also an early settler of Rock county. 
There were hut two children in the family : Burr AY. and a sister who 
married A. J. Pettigrew and is now deceased. 

The early education of Burr W. Jones was secured in the district 
schools of his native locality, which he attended during the winter 
terms, while spending the summer months in assisting his father in 
the work of the home farm. He subsequently attended Evansville 
Seminary, after leaving which he took up the vocation of teacher, in 
which he proved himself capable and popular. But however competent 
he was for the educator's vocation, he took it up only as a means of 
securing the necessary pecuniary equipment with which to further his 
education, and as a stepping-stone to the law, to which he aspired as 
his permanent calling. Thus educating himself, he was twenty-five 
years of age before he graduated from the law school, although he had 
completed the classical course in the University of AVisconsin the year 
previous, and had for classmates several men who have attained more 
than ordinary eminence in the profession of law. After finishing his 
law course, Air. Jones entered the office of Col. A f ilas for a short time, 
but within the year opened an office of his own in Portage, soon there- 
after returning to Aladison to enter the office of Judge Alden S. San- 
born, one of the pioneer lawyers of the state. This association lasted 
only a short time and afterwards Air. Jones practiced alone until 1S74. 
at which date he formed a partnership with Gen. A. C. Parkinson, and 
later one with F. J. Lamb, lie subsequently practiced alone for some 
time, until forming his connection with Judge E. Ray Stevens, which 
continued until the appointment of M. Stevens to the bench. 

Air. Jones has not entered very largely into political lite, his affilia- 
tions with the Democratic party in a state formerly very largely Re- 
publican, as well as his own tastes, which are those of a scholarly gen- 
tleman, having probably combined to exclude him from positions in 



1194 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

national political affairs which he is eminently fitted to occupy. How- 
ever, in 1872, at the very beginning of his political career, he was 
elected district attorney on the Democratic ticket and reelected in 
1874, and in 1882 he was sent to congress from what was then the 
Third district, a Republican stronghold which was at the time indulg- 
ing in a party conflict. During his two years of service he demon- 
strated his ability to fill the position, but a union of the divided Re- 
publican forces prevented his return and substituted Robert M. La- 
Follette, although the fact that he ran far ahead of his ticket spoke 
for itself of his congressional record. In 1891 he was elected city 
attorney and held the office for some time, and was also chairman of 
the first state tax commission for 1897-8. He has served his own party 
as chairman of the State Democratic convention in 1892 and as dele- 
gate to the Democratic National convention in 1896, and has repeatedly 
declined to act upon similar occasions. He is" an eloquent speaker, 
and his services have always been in demand above his power to accept 
for campaign work and other occasions when the persuasive voice of 
the orator is needful. He has delivered addresses before various state 
and county bar associations. Mr. Jones has chosen to place the empha- 
sis of his legal work along two lines — primarily, upon the legitimate 
work of the attorney, and the laurels won in his legal battles, when 
the ablest counsel of the Northwest have been arrayed against him 
have been fairly obtained and well deserved, for his learning is exten- 
sive and accurate, his judgment in legal matters nearly infallible, and 
his courtesy, under the most trying of circumstances, unfailing ; sec- 
ondly — upon his work as a member of the faculty of the law school, 
which position, as lecturer on Domestic Relations, and the law of 
Evidence, he has filled most acceptably for more than twenty-five years. 
In this connection he has produced a treatise on the law of Evidence 
which has gone through several editions and is a standard authority. 
Mr. Jones' legal attainments are of a solid rather than a showy nature. 
He is thoroughly grounded in elementary principles, and possessed 
of a fine discrimination in the application of legal precedents. While 
he is a fluent speaker, his style is noticeable for purity and accurate 
use of words. Unlike many, he did not abandon his classical studies 
when he left college ; his literary tastes are those of the student, and 
he frequently appears upon the programs of the Madison Literary 
Club, of which he is a member. He also holds membership in the Uni- 
versity Club, and socially is widely known throughout the city. Mr. 
Jones is very active in his habits, and a tireless worker. He is enthu- 
siastic in whatever engages his attention, and takes great interest in 
the friends and attachments of his early life. With great confidence 
in the growth and prosperity of Madison, he is a large property holder, 
being one of the twenty-five heaviest tax payers in the city, and has 
thus shared in the increase of values. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1195 

On December 4, 1873, Mr. Jones was married to Miss Olive Hoyt, 
who was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and reared in Madison, daugh- 
ter of L. W. Hoyt, an early settler of Dane county, Wisconsin, and 
sister of Frank W. Hoyt, a leading banker of Madison. She was a 
charter member of the Woman's Club, of which she was presiding 
officer for some time, and was an active participant in the social life 
of the city. Her death occurred April 19, 1906, leaving one daughter : 
Marion B., now the wife of Walter M. Smith, librarian of the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin, who has two daughters: Olive and Janet, and a son, 
Burr. In 1908, Mr. Jones was married to Katharine MaeDonald, a 
native of Wisconsin, who is widely known in social circles of Madison 
and prominent in educational work. Before her marriage she' was 
for many years Assistant Secretary of the State Library Commission, 
and editor of the periodical publication of the American Library As- 
sociation. She is now a member of the Madison Library Board. The 
family home is at No. 112 Langdon street. 

Charles L. Kissling, Sr., M. D. One of the distinguished early 
physicians and surgeons of Milwaukee, the late Dr. Charles L. Kissling 
was in practice in this city about twenty years, and was one of the 
leading German- American physicians of Milwaukee during the period 
including the decades of the fifties and sixties. 

Charles L. Kissling, Sr., was born at Ulm, Wuertemberg, Germany. 
March 17, 1827. He was educated in the preparatory schools of Ulm, 
and graduated in medicine from the University of Teubingen in Wuer- 
temberg. For several years he was an army surgeon in his native 
province, and in 1851 came to the United States, and after landing at 
New York went direct to Milwaukee, which was a young but vigor- 
ously growing town at that time. He allied himself with the best 
circles of the little city, and continued to practice medicine there until 
1871. On account of failing health he then returned to Germany with 
his family, locating in the city of Stuttgart, the capital of Wuertemberg, 
and never returned to America. He died at Stuttgart, February 12. 
1878. In 1862 Dr. Kissling was commissioned by the government of 
Wisconsin as examining surgeon for Milwaukee county in the general 
order providing for a draft of the militia. He was a Democrat in 
politics, was affiliated with Aurora Lodge of Masonry in Milwaukee, 
and was also an active member of the German Musical Society. 

Dr. Kissling married Miss Caroline Buehler in Germany before he 
had come to America. In 1871 all the family returned to Germany, 
where Mrs. Kissling died February 1. 188:?. There were two children 
in the family, Edwina, and Dr. Charles L.. Jr. Edwina, who died in 
Straasburg, Germany, December 1. 1890. was the wife of Col. Carl 
Schwartz, who was an officer in the German army, and stationed at 
Straasburg at the time. Both the children of the late Dr. Kissling. Sr., 



1196 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

were born in Milwaukee. Dr. Kissling, Sr., was a member of the school 
board in Milwaukee during the years 1864-65-66-67-68. 

Charles L. Kissling, Jr., M. D. A son of the pioneer Milwaukee 
physician, whose career has been briefly outlined above, Dr. Charles 
L. Kissling, Jr., is bound to Milwaukee by the ties of nativity and by 
the loyal affection which has come through his important professional 
and civic relations with the city in later years. 

He was born in Milwaukee, February 14, 1859, was reared in the 
city until twelve years of age, during which time he attended the pub- 
lic school in the Second ward, from 1865 to 1869, and the German- 
English Academy from 1869 to 1871. In the latter year, as already 
related, the father took his family to Germany, and there he continued 
his studies in the schools of Stuttgart, and at Ulm, from 1871 to 1880. 
Dr. Kissling is a product of the best university training of Europe, 
and from 1880 to 1886, was a student in medicine and sciences at the 
University of Munich, where he was graduated. During the following 
year he was in the hospitals in Munich, and in 1887, with his thorough 
equipment he returned to his native city of Milwaukee, from which 
he had been absent for sixteen years. Dr,. Kissling has built up a large 
practice and is regarded as one of the leading physicians and surgeons 
of the city. During 1890 he returned to Germany, during the illness 
of his sister, and remained there three months. His sister had also 
for some time attended the school in the Second ward of Milwaukee. 

In politics Dr. Kissling is a Republican. He has never been a poli- 
tician in the usual sense of the term, but has given some very valuable 
service to his home city as a member of the board of education, of 
which he has been a member for about eleven years. He was first 
appointed a member of the board in 1900, serving until 1905. In 1907 
he was elected by the people for the regular term of six years, and in 
April, 1913, was again elected for another term of six years. 

Dr. Kissling has membership in the Milwaukee County Medical 
Society, the Wisconsin State Medical Society, and American Medical 
Association. He is affiliated with Aurora Lodge of Masons, to which 
his father also belonged, and with Kilbourne Chapter, R. A. M., and 
Wisconsin Commandery, K. T. He is a member of the board of the 
German-English Teachers Seminary of Milwaukee. 

Dr. Kissling married Miss Grace Gordon Forbes, of London, Eng- 
land where she was born and educated. Her father was the late Rev. 
Granville Forbes, an Episcopal minister of London. 

Carl C. Joys. Nearly sixty years ago, or in 1855, a young Nor- 
wegian sailor left the high seas to become a citizen of the United 
States, but he chose his home along our great inland waters where 
he could still follow the life of a mariner. The young seaman was 



IILSTORY OF WISCONSIN' U!)7 

John Joys and his location was Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In the. interim 
since then Milwaukee has taken its place as one of the largest cities 
and marts along the Great Lakes, and the young man's name, as 
years passed, became one of the best known and most prominent 
in this city in connection with marine affairs. He has lately passed 
from the scene of his long activity, but his sons, one of whom is 
Carl C. Joys, our subject, are continuing the prominence of the fam- 
ily name in connection with this line of business. 

Capt. John Joys was a native of Farsund, Norway, and in his youth 
as a sailor before the mast he visited many of the great ports of the 
world, becoming a cabin boy at the age of thirteen. He came to the 
United States in 1855 and located at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where 
he entered the merchant marine service on the Great Lakes that same 
year. He rapidly worked his way upward and soon became a cap- 
tain. Later, in company with Frederick Layton and Edward Cole, he 
built the schooner James Christy, of which he was captain several 
years, and other craft under his charge during his lake career were 
the schooners C. G. Breed, Waucoma and Alice B. Norris. He re- 
tired from the occupation of sailing master in 1875, in which year he 
entered the firm of G. D. Norris & Company, ship chandlers. Later, 
with his brother, Andrew M. Joys, he bought out the old firm and 
established the firm of Joys Brothers to continue the ship chandlery 
business. After a long identification with this line of business activ- 
ity he passed away at his home in Milwaukee May 23, 1910,- at the age 
of seventy-seven years. His funeral was conducted under the aus- 
pices of Excelsior Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of which he 
was a member, as he was also of Wisconsin Commandery, No. 1. 
Knights Templar, and a large concourse of marine men and other 
friends paid respect to the passing of one of Milwaukee's pioneers 
and worthy and esteemed men. Captain Joys wedded Christine 
Gabrielson, who died in 1865, and who was a daughter of Samuel 
Gabrielson, an old pioneer of Milwaukee, who died in 1907. Two 
children were born to this union, Samuel, now deceased, he having 
passed away May 8, 1900; and Carl C. Joys, the immediate subject 
of this review. The father married, second, Emily Lund, and four 
children were born of this union: Emma, deceased; John Joys, Jr., 
a resident of Milwaukee and now vice-president of the Joys Brothers 
Company; Alma, who is now Mrs. Cyrus J. Williams and resides 
in Los Angeles, California; and Elizabeth, deceased. 

Carl C. Joys was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. February 11. 
1860, and was educated in the public schools of this city. In 1875 
he took employment in the grain commission house of II. B. Kellogg, 
but in 1885 he quit the grain business and entered the marine busi- 
ness of the late Capt. David Vance. Two years later he became ;i 
partner of Capt. Vance, when was established the Vance & Joys 



1198 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Company, which is engaged in marine business as transportation 
and vessel agents and of which Mr. Joys is now president. He is 
also president of the David Vance Company, the province of which 
is marine insurance. Mr. Joys has now been a member of the Mil- 
waukee Chamber of Commerce thirty years and he is also a member 
of the Lake Carriers Association. He is not only numbered among the 
prominent business men of this city, but he has also assumed other 
responsibilities of citizenship in connection with its public life. In 
1900 he served as a member of the city service commission, which 
looks after the civil service part of the official force of this city, and 
in 1911 he was made a member of the harbor commission, his term 
extending to October, 1915. In politics he is a Republican, as a 
staunch admirer of Senator La Follette, and at all times is an advo- 
cate of progress and civic betterment. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with Excelsior Lodge, Free & Accepted Masons, Milwaukee, and 
with Wisconsin Commandery, No. 1, Knights Templar, in this city. 

On June 2, 1886, the same day of President Cleveland's marriage 
to Miss Florence Folsom, Mr. Joys was united in marriage to Miss 
Josephine Saveland, daughter of Capt. Zach Saveland, who became a 
pioneer settler in Milwaukee along in the early '40s and who died in 
this city many years ago. Mrs. Joys was born and educated here 
and passed away February 9, 1903. To this union was born two 
children, Carl C. Joys, Jr., who is a graduate of the University of 
Wisconsin and now resides in Pittsburg, Pa., and Florence, a grad- 
uate of Downer College, Milwaukee. Mr. Joys resides at 358 Hanover 
street and has spent all his life in this same ward in this city. 

William L. Pieplow. There is special consistency in according in 
this publication definite recognition of the character and services of 
this well known and highly esteemed native son of Milwaukee, for 
he has not only won success and prestige in connection with business 
activities of importance but has also shown himself to be animated by 
the highest of ideals in connection with civic affairs and has been defi- 
nitely influential in connection with educational matters in the state 
that has ever represented his home. He is a young man of resolute 
purpose, well defined convictions and progress spirit, and his high sense 
of personal stewardship has been shown in many ways. Such loyal and 
public-spirited citizens represent much in the community life, and it 
is gratifying to present in this publication a brief review of the career 
of Mr. Pieplow. 

William L. Pieplow was born at Bay View, one of the most at- 
tractive residence sections of the city of Milwaukee, on the 12th of 
April, 1876, and is a son of Charles and Caroline Pieplow, both of 
whom were born in Mecklenburg, Germany, and both of whom passed 
the closing period of their lives in Milwaukee, where they established 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1499 

their home many years ago and where both held secure place in pop- 
ular confidence and esteem. Charles Pieplow was a sailor on the high 
seas as a young man and later became identified with navigation inter- 
ests on the Great Lakes. After his retirement from a seafaring life 
he held for more than twenty years a position as foreman in the rolling 
mills of the Illinois Steel Company at Bay View. Both he and his wife 
were devout communicants of the Lutheran church and Mrs. Pieplow 
was for many years president of the Ladies' Aid Society of St. Lucas 
Evangelical. Lutheran church. 

William L. Pieplow gained his early educational discipline in the 
Lutheran parochial school and the public schools of Milwaukee and 
supplemented this by effective course in a local business college. He 
has known personal responsibility since his boyhood days, as he was 
but fifteen years of age when he assumed a clerkship position in a 
hardware store. It may also be noted that at the age of twelve years 
he manifested his musical talent by becoming a cornet player in the 
Bay View Band. In 1893 he became identified with the American 
School Board Journal and for ten years he was its office manager and 
associate editor. In this connection was fostered his deep and abiding 
interest in educational affairs, and it is pleasing to be able to make 
the following extracts from an appreciative estimate written by AVil- 
liam George Bruce, publisher of the periodical mentioned: 

"I have had the opportunity of viewing the subject of this sketch 
at a close range and to observe from time to time his development and 
progress. When Pieplow came, some years ago, to the School Board 
Journal, of which I am the publisher, he was fresh from a business 
school and inexperienced in the ways of the world. But he realized 
that he had much to learn, much to acquire, much to digest. He took 
an accurate measurement of himself, threw all conceit to the winds 
and applied himself with industry to his task. He not only became an 
accurate accountant, a good correspondent, but he also mastered the 
English language so as to make him a forceful writer on school admin- 
istrative topics. This in itself was an achievement. It not only meant 
close application to duty but at the same time a broadening of vision 
and a strengthening in general educational equipment. It required 
a dogged determination to swing himself into a higher and broader 
field of useful activity. Thus Mr. Pieplow succeeded in raising himself 
from a mere office clerk into an editorial writer on school administra- 
tion of a higher order. During this time he also acquired proficiency 
in executive labors. 

"When Mr. Pieplow entered the school board he a1 once assumed 
a commanding position. His familiarity with the subject of school 
administration, together with the high aims and purposes with which 
he was imbued and the unflinching attitude on all measures making 
for the better schools, were soon recognized. When he went to the 



1200 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

legislature to ask for the abolishment of a school board of which he 
himself was a member it was freely predicted that he was doomed 
to oblivion. Some of his closest friends were antagonistic to his efforts. 
The progressive element to which he had allied himself and whose 
most prominent exponent he had become, won its battle. Instead of 
oblivion, new honors awaited him. The judges of the local courts, to 
whom was assigned the task of creating a new school board, placed 
Mr. Pieplow's name first on the list of appointees. In the whole con- 
test he was a picturesque figure, at all times eloquent and forceful, 
unselfish and bold. 

' ' Mr. Pieplow holds a responsible position with the A. J. Lindemann 
& Iloverson Company, where both his executive ability and educational 
qualifications are brought into play. He is capable of much work, 
solving intricate problems and surmounting difficult obstacles. Mr. 
Pieplow is a fine type of the progressive young man of the day. Let us 
have more just like him." 

After his retirement from active association with the School Board 
Journal Mr. Pieplow was for two years engaged in the monument busi- 
ness, with Charles Lohr and Edward Boyle. In 1905 he became the 
advertising manager of the A. J. Lindemann & Iloverson Company, 
and a short time later became the manager of the Arcadian Malleable 
Range Company. From his early youth Mr. Pieplow has manifested 
deep and intelligent interest in governmental affairs, — national, state 
and local, and he presided at big political campaign meetings before 
he had attained to his legal majority. He has been arrayed with the 
progressive wing of the Republican party and has been a valued factor 
in its activities in his native state. He has been a member of the Mil- 
waukee board of school directors since 1902, and was re-elected to this 
important post in 1913, for another term of six years. He was presi- 
dent of the board in 1908-9 and this distinction was accorded him when 
he was but thirty-two years of age, as a concrete expression of the 
objective appreciation of his ability, loyalty and effective services. 
His address in retiring from this office is a noteworthy contribution to 
the educational history of the city and state, his having been the 
fiftieth annual report of the affairs of the public-school system of Mil- 
waukee. Mr. Pieplow is a popular figure in the business and social 
activities of his home city, is a director of the South Division Civic 
Association, is president of the Security Loan & Building Association, 
and is president of the Handel Choir, one of the representative musical 
organizations of an intensely musical city. Both he and his wife are 
zealous communicants of the Lay ton Park English Lutheran church. 

On the 24th of April, 1901, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Pieplow to Miss Emilie Klingbeil, of Milwaukee, and they have one 
daughter, Erna, who was born May 6, 1903. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1201 

Julius Goll. With the death of Julius Goll in 18'J6, Milwaukee 
lost one of her most successful business men, a man who had been a 
pioneer merchant in the city and whose business had grown from a 
small affair to large proportions, in keeping witli the growth of the city 
itself. Mr. Goll showed throughout his business career, keen ability 
along commercial lines and the strictest integrity and honesty, so that 
his success was due, not only to his active and energetic handling of the 
affairs of his company, but also to the splendid reputation which the 
firm of Goll and Frank possessed, and which was due in no small meas- 
ure to his own personal efforts. 

Julius Goll was born at Biberach, in the kingdom of Wurttemberg, 
on the 16th of February, 1823. Biberach was at one time one of the 
Free Cities of Germany, and has since grown to be a manufacturing 
city of considerable importance, so that in the town of his birth Mr. 
Goll was able to receive the training that aided in making him success- 
ful. After receiving a common school education, he became an appren- 
tice to Michel Friess, a dry goods merchant of the city and in his estab- 
lishment he learned the business from the ground up, and when his 
apprenticeship was completed he was thoroughly equipped with knowl- 
edge that would make him a valuable employee to any dry goods mer- 
chant. After the completion of his apprenticeship Mr. Goll spent sev- 
eral years as a salesman in Paris and Lyons, France and in Muehlhausen. 
Elsass. It was during this time that the western part of the United 
States was being settled, and the wonderful stories of this land of 
opportunity were drawing from Europe of the best that she had to give. 
The tales he heard inspired Julius Goll with the desire to see this new 
county, and even though it proved a fiction yet he would have gained 
a greater knowledge of the world and of conditions than by staying at 
home. This was typical of Mr. Goll to investigate things for himself 
and not depend on others for information he should have obtained at 
first hand. He therefore took passage on a sailing vessel bound for 
New York in 1849. 

Upon his arrival he found a position as salesman in a dry goods 
store in the then famous business section. He only remained a short 
time, however, the call of the west was still urgently ringing in his ears. 
He first stopped, on his western journey at Holland. Michigan, but he 
had not been there long before he was taken ill and had to go to a hos- 
pital in Chicago. When he had recovered a few weeks later, he began 
to look about him for a new location and was attracted by the then 
rapidly growing town of Milwaukee. It was at this time, in 1850, a 
town of about twenty thousand inhabitants, many of whom were Ger- 
mans, and upon viewing the city, Mr. Goll was struck with its possibil- 
ities, not only from its advantageous location geographically, but also 
from the class of people who were beginning to settle there perma- 
nently. Mr. Goll determined, consequently \o establish a business in 



1202 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

this city, and to make it a "large, prominent and popular dry-goods 
establishment." He kept these three qualities in mind, intending that 
it should be "prominent, on account of the amount and extent of its 
business, and popular, by reason of its liberal, conscientious and straight- 
forward system of conducting its business. ' ' All through his career he 
held to these ideals and carried them out. 

He came to Milwaukee in 1850 and opened a small dry goods store 
in partnership with Henry Stern, on East Water street. It was in 
1852 that the firm of G-oll and Frank had its beginnings, the business 
being carried on in the same location, 447 East Water street, only the 
first floor of the building being used for store purposes. The country 
around Milwaukee began to become more thickly settled and the firm 
of Goll and Frank found their business increasing. They soon had the 
reputation of being industrious, capable and fair-dealing, and even at 
that time they carried an unusually good line of goods. They not only 
sold these in the store but owned a horse and wagon and sent a man 
out on trips throughout the neighboring country, thus spreading their 
reputation widely. Their trade had increased so much by 1855 that 
they had to move into larger quarters and so rented a store at 463 East 
Water street where they began to do a wholesale and retail dry goods 
and notion business. In 1860 they moved into another store at 443 
East Water street, and then came the outbreak of the Civil war, so dis- 
astrous to many business firms. Goll and Frank had the foresight to 
realize conditions, and so in 1862 they sent one of their men to New 
York and he bought heavily. Mr. Goll having been called to Europe 
at this time joined him later and together they made even heavier invest- 
ments. This was a wise proceeding, for prices soared and they made 
large profits, as well as establishing their credit with the eastern houses. 
They were now recognized as one of the soundest business houses in the 
western wholesale trade, and so rapidly did their wholesale business 
grow that it was necessary to separate it from the retail, the latter being 
transferred to the corner of Third and Prairie streets. The wholesale 
business proved all that the firm could well handle and the retail busi- 
ness was discontinued after May 1, 1884. 

The wholesale business in 1863 was moved to a larger store at 261-3 
East Water street, which in 1872 was struck by lightning, and had to be 
rebuilt, this being done on a larger scale. The building was added to 
several times between this time and 1896, and in the latter year the erec- 
tion of the present modem building was begun. Covering an area of 
one hundred and twenty feet by one hundred and forty feet, and seven 
stories in height, it is one of the finest buildings in the city. 

This new building was erected after the death of Mr. Goll, though 
he had been in favor of its erection and probably had he lived would 
have taken an active part in planning the new building. His health 
began to fail in 1895 and although he gave up his business and went to 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1203 

Asheville, North Carolina, yet his health did not improve and he returned 
home to live only a short time longer, his death occurring on the 1st 
of January, 1896. 

Mr. Goll took an important place in the business world of Mil- 
waukee outside of his own business. He was at one time vice-president 
of the Merchants Exchange Bank, and was one of the directors, and at 
the time of his death he was a director of the First National Bank of 
Milwaukee and of the Concordia Fire Insurance Company of Mil- 
waukee. His own company had been incorporated in 1885, the firm 
name being the Goll and Frank Company. 

Mr. Goll was of a retiring nature, avoiding anything like display. 
He w r as a true friend and in the treatment that he and his partner gave 
their employees could be found the truest index of his character, they 
were friends, not servants, and the employees of Goll and Frank did 
not know what it was to have their salaries cut down in times of panic, 
or to be dismissed on account of hard times. When misfortune came 
the firm preferred to bear it themselves and not thrust it on to the 
shoulders of those much less able to endure. Mr. Goll took no interest 
in socities, preferring the society of his family, and the loving, tender 
care which he gave his invalid wife showed more clearly than anything 
else the depth of his nature. 

Julius Goll married Margaret Humble, who was born at Newcastle- 
on-the-Tyne, July 10, 1825. She came to this country with her par- 
ents in 1848, and they settled in Milwaukee. She married Mr. Goll 
when he was just beginning his career as a merchant, and her death 
occurred October 11, 1901, when she was in the seventy-sixth year of 
her age. She was an invalid for the last twenty years of her life, suf- 
fering greatly from rheumatism. 

The present firm of Goll and Frank is managed by the following 
directors: Fred T. Goll, son of Julius Goll, who was born in Milwaukee 
in 1854 and has grown up with the business; Louis F. Frank and Julius 
O. 'Frank both sons of August Frank and Oscar Loeffler. Thus the 
younger generation are carrying on the work that their father founded. 
The business is now incorporated with a capital of five hundred thousand 
dollars and a large surplus. It is one of the largest wholesale houses 
in the middle west. 

George H. Ripley, M. D. For many years engaged in the practice 
of his profession at Kenosha, Dr. Ripley is an excellent type of the 
modern and successful American physician. Through his practice he has 
contributed a large amount of individual service, at the same time has 
taken a prominent part in the organized activities of the profession, is a 
contributor to medical literature, has served in a professional capacity, 
on several boards and organizations in his locality and state, and at the 
same time has exercised a shrewd business judgment and acquired a lib- 
eral material prosperity. 

V,.]. A-—12 



1204 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Mr. Ripley is a native of Wisconsin, born in Fond du Lac county, 
October 22, 1860. His birthplace was in the town of Oakfield, where the 
family was established in the early days of the state. His parents were 
Charles T. and Lucy A. (Holton) Ripley. His father, a native of Ver- 
mont, was born at the historic old town of Bennington in 1816, was a 
daguerreotype artist, one of the first to take up that art which preceded 
modern photography, and coming to Wisconsin in 1852 set up in busi- 
ness at Fond du Lac. His death occurred in the town of Oakfield, Octo- 
ber 20, 1861. His wife, who was born in Massachusetts, died in 1887. 
They were both members of the Congregational faith. Their three sons 
were Charles S., of Aurora, South Dakota; Frederick W., of Oakfield, 
Wisconsin; and Dr. Ripley. 

George H. Ripley spent his early career on his father's old farm, 
and lived there until he was grown. Though he was an infant when 
his father died, he was reared in fairly prosperous circumstances, had a 
district school education, and later attended the Lawrence University at 
Appleton. In 1889, after some years of employment in farming and 
other lines of productive labor, he entered the Hahnemann College in 
Chicago, and was graduated M. D. in the class of 1891. For a brief while 
he practiced his profession in Chicago, but soon decided upon Kenosha 
as offering a better field. For the past twenty-two years he has en- 
joyed a large clientage in this city. His reputation as a skillful physi- 
cian and surgeon has been extended far beyond the limits of his home 
community, and he also stands high in the medical fraternity through 
his personal relations with the profession, and through his contributions 
to the leading medical journals of Wisconsin and the United States. 

Dr. Ripley is a member of the Wisconsin State Homeopathic Society, 
the American Institute of Homeopathy, and is president of the State 
Board of Medical Examiners. He also belongs to the Kenosha Country 
Club. 

Dr. Ripley has for many years been interested in Kenosha real 
estate and his judgment resulted in much success. He is the owner of 
the Ripley business block, located in the heart of the city, occupying a 
ground space of one hundred and twenty-four by seventy feet. His 
home at 661 Prairie Avenue is one of the most beautiful residences in 
that section of the city and was erected in 1901. The doctor owns 
much other valuable property in Kenosha. 

On December 8, 1886, he married Miss Florence M. Fellows, a 
daughter of Henry and Matilda (Stalinard) Fellows. Mrs. Ripley is a 
member of the Methodist church. They have no children. 

Joshua Eric Dodge, former justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, 
and now an active member of the Milwaukee bar, was born at West 
Cambridge, now Arlington, in Middlesex county, Massachusetts, on the 
twenty-fifth of October, 1854, and is a son of Joshua G. and Mary F. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1205 

(Herrick) Dodge. His parents were both representatives of colonial 
stock in New England and both resided in Massachusetts until their 
death. The father had an active career in business. Judge Dodge 
gained his early educational discipline in the schools of his native state 
and later attended Westford Academy at Westford in Middlesex county. 
Going west he entered Iowa College at Grinnell, Iowa, where he was 
graduated A. B. with the class of 1875. In preparation for the work of 
his chosen profession he entered the law department of Boston Uni- 
versity, and from that institution received his degree as Bachelor of 
Laws, with the class of 1877. Admitted to the bar by the Supreme 
Court of Massachusetts in the same year, he established his home in 
March, 1878, at Racine, Wisconsin, where he continued in the general 
practice of law for fifteen years and gained distinction as one of the 
strong and successful members of the Wisconsin Bar, with a reputation 
much beyond the limits of his home city and county. 

His professional attainments have led to many important public 
services. In September, 1893, he was appointed assistant attorney gen- 
eral for the United States, and in the discharge of his duties he kept his 
residence in the city of Washington until July, 1897. His appointment 
and service were during the administration of President Cleveland. On 
leaving his Federal post Judge Dodge returned to Wisconsin and estab- 
lished his home in Milwaukee, where he engaged in general practice until 
November 22, 1898. Then occurred his appointment as associate justice 
of the Supreme Court of the State to succeed Judge Pinney, who had 
resigned. He continued on the supreme bench approximately twelve 
years. 

In 1892 Judge Dodge represented Racine county in the State Assem- 
bly, and on April 18, 1893, he was appointed a member of the board 
of commissioners for the promotion of uniformity of legislation in 
the different states of the Union. In this, as in all other offices which 
he has held, he made a record for timely service of great value. On the 
supreme bench his work was marked by distinctive judicial acumen and 
circumspection, and his record has become a part of the history of that 
tribunal. On retiring from the bench Judge Dodge again identified 
himself with private practice, though he limits his work to that of special 
counsel for the important law firm of Quarles, Spence & Qnarles. with 
offices in the Sentinel Building at Milwaukee. The interested principals 
in this firm are all able representatives of the second generation of their 
respective families in the legal profession in Wisconsin, since each o\' 
the members is a son of a distinguished Wisconsin lawyer, the fathers of 
the present members having likewise been associated in their practice. 
William C. and Joseph V. Quarles, Jr., are sons of the late Judge 
Joseph V. Quarles, who was one of the leading members of the Wiscon- 
sin bar and who served with distinction as United States Senator and 
United States District Judge. Thomas H. Spence. the other memher of 



1206 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the firm, is a son of the late Thomas W. Spence, whose name is one of 
marked prominence in connection with the history of Wisconsin juris- 
prudence. Associate members of the firm of Quarles, Spence & Quarles 
are Irving A. Fish, and C. S. Thompson. 

Judge Dodge holds a place of signal prominence and influence as a 
member of the legal profession in Wisconsin, and is given particular 
precedence as a counsellor, by reason of his broad and exact knowledge 
of the science of jurisprudence and his familiarity with precedence in 
all branches of the law. He commands high vantage-ground in the con- 
fidence and esteem of his professional associates at the Milwaukee bar, 
and is a citizen of unqualified loyality and public spirit, his character 
and services having gained to him unequivocal popularity in the state 
that has been his home for nearly two score of years. 

Judge Dodge has always been a staunch advocate of the principles 
and policies of the Democratic party, and has given much practical serv- 
ice to his party success in Wisconsin. He was one of the presidential 
electors for Wisconsin in the national election of November, 1912, and it 
is needless to say that the results of that election proved especially 
gratifying to him. The judge is identified with the Milwaukee Club, the 
University Club of Milwaukee, and the University Club of Madison, 
the Milwaukee Country Club, the Metropolitan Club of Washington. 
D. C, and the Reform Club of New York City. He is a bachelor and 
resides at the Milwaukee club. He is well known in the state of his 
adoption, has honored the same through his professional and public 
services, and personally has a wide circle of friends and admirers. 

Hon. Don Alonzo Joshua Upham, who for more than thirty years 
was one of the most eminent legal practitioners of the Wisconsin bar, 
and whose connection with public affairs had a direct bearing upon 
the history of the state, was born in Weathersfield, Windsor county, 
Vermont, on May 31, 1809. His father, Joshua Upham, occupied the 
homestead and farm in the valley of the Connecticut river that had 
been first located by his grandfather, William Upham, at the close of 
the Revolution, and which has been in the possession of the family for 
more than a century. The family is one of the oldest in New England. 
Tn the genealogy of the Upham family, the ancestors of William Upham 
are traced back to John Upham, who emigrated from the West of 
England and settled in Maiden, near Boston, Massachusetts, about 
sixty years after the first landing of the Pilgrim Fathers at Plymouth 
Rock. 

Don A. J. Upham came to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, a scholarly and 
accomplished young man, to begin the practice of his profession in 
1837, and his professional and public life covered a period of more 
than thirty years. When he was sixteen years of age he was re- 
quested by his father to determine upon a business or profession to 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1207 

follow for life. After some deliberation he chose the profession of 
law, and he was accordingly sent immediately to the preparatory 
school at Chester, Vermont, and afterwards to Meriden, New Hamp- 
shire. At the age of nineteen years he entered the sophomore class of 
Union College, New York, of which the late Eliphalet Nott was then 
president, and graduated therefrom in 1831 with the highest standing 
in a class of about one hundred pupils. In the following September 
he entered the office of General James Tallmadge, in New York City, 
as a law student, and after remaining in this office about six months 
he found that it should be necessary to raise means in some way to 
complete his education as a legist. On the recommendation of Pres- 
ident Nott, he was appointed assistant professor of mathematics in 
Delaware College, at Newark, Delaware, and held this position three 
years, during which time he wrote editorials for the Delaware Gazette, 
then the leading Democratic organ in the State. At the same time 
he had his name entered as a law student in the office of the Hon. 
James A. Bayard, of Wilmington, Delaware, who later became United 
States Senator from that state. In 1835, after attending a course of 
law lectures in Baltimore, Mr. Upham was admitted to the bar and 
commenced practice in Wilmington, where he was elected city attor- 
ney in 1836, and from 1834 to 1837 was editor and proprietor of the 
Delaware Gazette and American Watchman, published at Wilmington. 

In the meantime the attention of Mr. Upham had been called to 
the growing settlements in the then far West, and after the close 
of the Black Hawk war he was informed that a place called Chicago 
would soon be a point of commercial importance. In 1836 the terri- 
tory of Wisconsin was organized, containing within its limits the 
territory now comprising the states of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minne- 
sota, and Mr. Upham determined to explore the western country. 
Accordingly, in the spring of 1837 he started west, and in June of 
that year arrived in Chicago, by the route of the upper lakes. The 
future metropolis was then but a small village, and seemed to be 
located in an extensive marsh, the only high ground being a few 
acres on the lake shore, where the old fort was located. The prosped 
was not appealing to him, and with two friends he traveled through 
Illinois in a farmer's wagon, by way of Dixon's ferry, camping out 
as occasion required, and arrived at the Mississippi, near the month 
of the Rock river. He visited Burlington and Dubuque and also tin- 
mineral regions of western Wisconsin, and endeavored to tind some 
conveyance through Wisconsin to Milwaukee, but was unable to do 
so, and was obliged to return by way of Galena to Chicago, and 
thence by steamer to Milwaukee. 

The first settlement of any importance in Milwaukee had been 
made the year previous, and the situation and prospects so phased 
Mr. Upham that he decided to locate here. The difficulties attending 



1208 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the practice of lawyers who first settled here can hardly be appre- 
ciated at this day. There were no stage coaches or other means 
of conveyance through the territory; the only practical way was to 
go on horse-back by Indian trails across the prairies. Mr. Upham 
was one of the most active and industrious of the pioneer lawyers, 
as the court records will show, and his services as counsel and advocate 
were constantly sought. It has been asserted by some who were 
accpiainted with the early territorial litigation that for many years 
the practice of Mr. Upham exceeded that of any other Milwaukee 
legist. 

With further reference to the difficulties that beset the path of 
the lawyers of those early days, one of Mr. Upham 's earliest experi- 
ences is here recounted, as an example of conditions and happenings 
of that time. His first case of any importance was in the supreme 
court of the territory. At the fall term of the district court a judg- 
ment for a large amount had been obtained against one of the most 
extensive dealers in real estate in Milwaukee, and his new dwelling 
house and a large amount of property were advertised for sale on 
execution. He applied to Mr. Upham to take the case to the supreme 
court and enjoin the pending sale. It was necessary that one of the 
judges should allow the writ of injunction, and Judges Frazer and 
Irwin being out of the territory, there was no one who could allow 
the writ excepting Judge Dunn, who resided in Elk Grove, in the 
western district, about one hundred and sixty miles from Milwaukee. 
There were no stage coaches or other means of conveyance at that 
time, as has already been mentioned, and the only practical way 
was to go on horseback through what is now Rock and Green coun- 
ties, and the only road for a considerable portion of the way was 
an Indian trail across the prairies. He accordingly started to make 
the trip in this way late in November, and with barely time to accom- 
plish it under favorable circumstances. Mr. Janes had already set- 
tled in Janesville, and the miners from the west had settled at Sugar 
river diggings in Green county. These points he reached after a delay 
of one day because of the ice and high water in Rock river. He 
reached Mineral Point and Elk Grove without difficulty, had his writ 
allowed by the judge, and on his return to Sugar river found he had but 
two nights and one day in which to reach Milwaukee before the sale, 
a distance of about one hundred miles to be still covered. He started 
east for the Janes settlement early in the evening, and as he reached 
the prairie he found that it was afire in places, and it was with 
the greatest difficulty that he pursued his journey. As the night 
advanced it became darker, and toward midnight the wind arose and 
a scene presented itself that baffled description. On reaching high 
ground the view was extensive and the fire, with the increasing wind, 
spread in every direction. The low grounds where the vegetation had 



HISTORY. OF WISCONSIN 1209 

been rank, appeared to be on fire. As far as the eye could reach, and 
in every direction, the flames seemed to shoot up to the clouds with 
increasing violence. The night was dark and not a star was to be 
seen. It seemed as if the last day had arrived and the final conflagra- 
tion of the world was taking place. The young lawyer found himself 
surrounded with difficulties of which his knowledge of Blackstone and 
Coke afforded no solution, and he had at last to draw upon his knowl- 
edge of science in order to make his escape. He was lost on the prairie. 
Diligent search discovered no trace of the trail or track he meant to 
pursue. He was near half a day's ride from any human habitation 
and he could not be certain as to what direction he was moving in. 
By keeping to the high portions of the prairie where the vegetation had 
been light and which was mostly burnt over, he found himself in com- 
parative safety, but to cross the ravines or low places was impossible 
or attended with the greatest danger. For several hours he wandered 
in various directions without knowing where he was going, and at last 
the clouds seemed to break away at one point and the stars became 
visible. 

The question now was to determine to what constellation they 
belonged. He was not long in doubt, for two clusters of stars ap- 
peared, which he recognized as well known southern constellations. 
He knew these stars must be near the meridian at that time, and at the 
extreme south. By keeping them at the right he was now able to 
pursue as far as practicable an easterly course, and he at last reached 
Rock river, about two miles south of Janesville. He now had one day 
and a night in which to reach Milwaukee, a distance of about sixty 
miles. With a worn out and jaded horse, this was accomplished with 
great difficulty, and he arrived about an hour before the time set for 
the sale, much to the astonishment of the opposing counsel and the 
great joy of his client, who had been anxiously awaiting the arrival 
of his counsel. 

Such were some of the incidents that attended the practice of the 
profession of law in the early days of Wisconsin. 

Mr. Upham was not a politician in the generally accepted sense of 
the word. He had no taste for the bitterness, animosity and personal 
abuse that prevailed in the party contests. He filled, however, some im- 
portant positions, being several times a member of the territorial coun- 
cil at the earliest sessions of the Legislature at Madison, and was a mem- 
ber of the first convention that was called to form a constitution for the 
State of Wisconsin, and was elected president of that convention. He 
was nominated by the Democratic party for governor of the state to 
succeed Governor Dewey, but took no active part in the canvass. The 
contest was very bitter, from dissensions in the party, and the result 
was doubtful, but the state canvassers then at Madison declared his 
opponent elected by a small majority. Previously. Mr. Upham had been 



1210 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

twice elected mayor of Milwaukee, being the successor of Mayors 
Juneau and Kilbourn, and was afterward appointed United States 
Attorney for the district of Wisconsin, an office which he held for a 
term of four years. After thirty years of successful practice in Mil- 
waukee, he was compelled by ill health to retire from the profession, 
and he spent the remainder of his life living quietly and devoting his 
time to the study of astronomy, which had been his favorite study 
while in college. His death occurred July 19, 1877. 

In justice to the memory of Mr. Upham, it should be stated that 
he and many of his friends always believe that he was actually elected 
governor of the State of Wisconsin, but that he was counted out by 
means of spurious returns which were made to the state canvassers, 
similar in many ways to the false returns which were made public 
at a later day in the contest and trial between Bashford and Barstow. 
The thinly settled condition of the state at the time, the method of 
conducting elections and conveying the returns, made it possible for 
the unscrupulous to impose counterfeit and fictitious returns from 
distant precincts upon the state canvassers, and the lack of means 
of communication with the remote parts of the state rendered it 
impossible immediately to discover the impositions. The friends of 
Mr. Upham later on believed that they had obtained satisfactory 
evidence showing the errors in votes as counted by the state can- 
vassers, but as this evidence was not obtained until the close of the 
term, nothing could be done. A comprehensive review of this sub- 
ject is found in the history of the state, by the late A. M. Thompson. 

In 1836 Mr. Upham was married to Miss Elizabeth S. Jacques, 
daughter of Gideon Jacques, M. D., of Wilmington, Delaware. The 
Jacques family was one of the oldest in New Jersey and descended 
from the French Huguenots that came to this country. Mr. and Mrs. 
Upham had ten children, of whom the following survived infancy: 
Colonel John J., deceased, late of the United States Army; Carrie J., 
who is the wife of Colonel George H. Raymond, of Smyrna, Dela- 
ware; Addie J., the wife of Henry B. Taylor, of Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania; Sallie J., who was the wife of Rear Admiral George B. Ran- 
som, who served on the U. S. Cruiser "Concord," May 1, 1898, at the 
battle of Manila; Horace A. J., a member of the Milwaukee law 
firm of Cary, Upham & Black, Wells Building, a complete sketch of 
whose career will be found on other pages of this work. The mother 
of these children passed away September 9, 1883, and was laid to 
rest beside her husband in Forest Home cemetery at Milwaukee. 

Horace Alonzo Jacques Upham was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
on August 14, 1853, and was the youngest son of the late Hon. Don A. 
J. Upham, who is mentioned at length elsewhere in this volume. Mr. 
Upham belongs to a generation of young men who have been called 





"V 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1211 

upon to assume important responsibilities, laid upon them by the pio- 
neers who were their immediate ancestors, and he has ably demonstrated 
his ability to bear his full share in these responsibilities. 

Mr. Upham received his early training in the schools of Milwaukee, 
after which he entered the University of Michigan and was duly grad- 
uated from that institution with the class of 1875. Upon his return 
to his Milwaukee home he at once began the study of law, first in the 
office of Wilson Graham, and afterwards with Jenkins, Elliott & Wink- 
ler, Judge James G. Jenkins, now retired United States Circuit Court 
Judge, being at that time the senior of the firm. In 1877 Mr. Upham 
was admitted to the bar and two years later became identified with 
one of the oldest law firms in the city, — that of Wells & Brigham. In 
1852 Charles K. AVells and Jerome R. Brigham had formed a copartner- 
ship, and the same had been in force for twenty-seven years, when Mr. 
Upham entered it as a .junior partner, the firm becoming AVells, Brigham 
& Upham. 

With an established reputation as capable and successful lawyers 
in general practice, the members of this firm became noted as safe, con- 
servative and candid counselors, and especially successful in litigation 
where large interests and difficult questions were involved. When Mr. 
Upham entered the firm he took an active part at once in the important 
matters which the senior partners had formerly in charge, thus mak- 
ing rapid progress in the actual work of his profession. Real estate. 
corporation and commercial law, as well as the care of estates, the 
guardianship of trust funds and watchfulness over the financial invest- 
ments of clients, all have come in for a share of Mr. Upham 's attention, 
and he has at all times given evidence of the tact, good judgment and 
business ability of a capable man of affairs, as well as the discretion 
and conservatism of a well equipped and thoroughly competent lawyer. 

Among the important legal actions commenced by Mr. Upham is 
the case of Hawley vs. Tesch, which was eight years in litigation, and in 
which judgment was finally entered in favor of Mr. Upham 'a client. 
This suit came to be noted because of the immense amount of property 
it involved, and as a result of the continued litigation Mr. Upham s 
clients not only were awarded judgment, but recovered their property. 
(See volumes 72 and 88 of the Wisconsin reports.) Tims the heirs of 
Cyrus Hawley recovered property aggregating $400,000, none of which 
they would ever have enjoyed but for the successful fight of Mr. Upham. 

The death of Charles K. Wells in 1804 and of Jerome R. Brigham 
three years later left Mr. Upham the sole surviving member of the 
firm of Wells, Brigham & Upham. On May 1. 1807. the linn of Fish. 
Gary, Upham & Black was organized by the consolidation of the business 
interests of the two firms of AVells, Brigham & Upham and Fish & 
Cary. This partnership continued until the death of Air. Fish in 1000. 
since which time the firm has been known as Cary. Upham & Black. 



1212 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Mr. Upham is executor and trustee of the estate of Daniel Wells, 
Jr., the largest estate ever probated in Wisconsin, aggregating more 
than $15,000,000. He is also a trustee of the John Plankinton estate. 

Mr. Upham is in the fullest sympathy and accord with every pro- 
gressive movement, or indeed of any movement, calculated to advance 
the public welfare, and has contributed in many ways to the growth 
and advancement of business enterprises of large scope and import to 
the city, as well as to the advancement of social, moral and other re- 
forms. He is a member of the University Club, the Milwaukee Athletic, 
Country and Town Clubs, as well as of the Milwaukee Club. He and 
his wife are members of the Unitarian church. 

On June 5, 1889, Mr. Upham was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Lydia Greene, the daughter of Thomas Greene, one of the oldest mer- 
chants of the city and for many years one of the best known of Milwau- 
kee's citizens. Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Upham, two 
of whom are living : Elizabeth, educated at Milwaukee-Downer College, 
and Caroline who is attending the Seminary at Milwaukee-Downer 
College at the present time. The third daughter, who is deceased, was 
named Mary. All three were born in Milwaukee. 

WmLiAM Ward Wight. For thirty-seven years William Ward 
Wight has been a factor in Milwaukee 's intellectual and civic life, and it 
would be hard to find a man whose activities have been at once so 
important and so comprehensively varied. Historical and legal erudi- 
tion, foreign languages, library science — these are the most conspicuous 
intellectual lines of his gifts and functions which are devoted to public 
use. But his definite educational service, his practical interests in 
religious societies, his influence on civic affairs in Milwaukee, — these 
appeal no less to the citizen's appreciation of what Mr. Wight has 
meant to the city. 

William Ward Wight was born in Troy, New York, on January 14, 
1849, and graduated from Williams College in 1869, with the philoso- 
phical oration, the first prize for excellence in French and with member- 
ship in the honorary society of Phi Beta Kappa, For two years he was 
an instructor in the ancient languages at the Delaware Literary Institute, 
located at Franklin, New York. In 1873 he was graduated from the 
law department of Union University at Albany, New York, receiving 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. For a time thereafter he practiced law 
in partnership with his uncle, Edwin Mather Wight of New York City. 
Considerations of health presently made a change necessary, and in 
1875 Mr. Wight came to Milwaukee, where he has since been engaged in 
practice, in conjunction with his other phases of activity. Continu- 
ously since that year he has also held the position of librarian in the 
Milwaukee Law Library. 

It was Mr. Wight who was the originator of the plan to found a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1213 

public library for Milwaukee by turning over to the city the ten thou- 
sand volumes formerly belonging to the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. He also originated the Civil Service Reform Association of 
Milwaukee, from which has since sprung the non-partisan board of fire 
and police commissioners of this city. Of this board he was made 
chief examiner on October 12, 1886, a position which he held until his 
resignation from it on February 13, 1889. Having been chosen in 
December of 1888 to fill a vacancy on this board, he entered upon the 
duties of that office and on March 28, was elected chairman of the same 
body. As an educational influence in Milwaukee, Mr. Wight has been 
connected with Milwaukee College and its successor, Milwaukee-Downer 
College. In 1880 he was made secretary for the trustees of Milwaukee 
College and in 1887 he was chosen a member of the board of trustees. 
Since then he, has continuously held both offices. When in 1897 the 
name and financial status of the college was changed, Mr. Wight's 
offices were continued in the new institution, Milwaukee-Downer Col- 
lege. Mr. Wight's high intellectual status has received special recog- 
nition from his own Alma Mater in the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts, conferred in 1887. 

Mr. Wight's deep interest in historical matters has made his asso- 
ciation with various learned societies of that nature a valuable aid to 
such organizations. He is a member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, and also of the State Historical Society of Wis- 
consin, of which latter organization he has served for six years as presi- 
dent and for two years as vice-president. He is a member of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association; of the Minisink Valley Historical Associa- 
tion; and of the Dedham (Massachusetts) Historical Society. He was 
one of the organizers of the Parkman Club of Milwaukee, founded in 
December, 1895, and of the Wisconsin Sons of the American Revolution, 
founded in 1890, the latter society requiring his services as president 
for some time and still retaining him as registrar. The Wisconsin 
Society of Colonial Wars has included him in its list of original mem- 
bers and he has served it, also, as an officer. In the Wisconsin Bar 
Association Mr. Wight is chairman of the committee in necrology and 
biography. He is counted a most superior authority on genealogical 
and historical facts as was indicated by his being chosen for the honor 
of representing the Lake Shore Region at the Historical meeting of the 
semi-centennial held in Madison in June, 1898. 

The multiplicity of Mr. Wight's duties has not prevented him from 
issuing from the press some of the results of his combined research and 
judgment. The books that have come from his pen are of a technical 
nature and with an appeal chiefly to the interests of lawyers. Mr. 
Wight's practice has been for the greater part confidential office coun- 
sel and related lines. 

The Young Men's Christian Association has benefited largely by 



1214 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Mr. Wight's co-operation and assistance. In 1890 and 1892 lie served 
as president of the Milwaukee organization of that society, but declined 
a re-election to the position. Since 1896 he has been a trustee of the 
Iminanuel Presbyterian church of the city. Of organizations for com- 
bined social and educational purposes, he holds membership in the 
Deutscher Club. 

Mr. Wight's home is located at 104 Keene street. His family life 
began one year after his coining to Milwaukee. On June 29, 1876, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Sarah Emily West, who died on 
February 1, 1877. Mr. Wight remarried some years later, Miss Olivia 
Brockbury becoming his wife on June 16, 1884. On July 24, 1885, her 
young life came to a close. The Wight home is now presided over by 
Susan Elizabeth Lowry Wight, a resident of Milwaukee from Girlhood, 
her marriage to Mr. Wight having taken place on March 21, 1893. The 
two children of the family are both grown. Edward Brockbuiy Wight 
is a resident of Seattle, Washington, and Miss Elizabeth von Benscoter 
Wight is a student in Vassar college. 

Mr. Wight 's biography is one that requires no complimentary remarks 
to grace it. The thirty-seven years of his life here tell their own story 
of efficiency of local patriotism, and of high and definite standards of 
life, well demonstrated in the activities of the man. 

Henry Fink, collector of internal revenue for the First District of 
Wisconsin and a veteran of Company B, Twenty-sixth Wisconsin In- 
fantry, was born September 7, 1840, in Bavaria, Germany, and is the 
son of John Engelhart and Catherine (Dielmann) Fink. These parents 
when their son Henry was twelve years old, removed with their little 
family to the United States, locating on a farm in the town of Oak 
Creek, Milwaukee county, Wisconsin. The father lived on the farm 
until his death on the 8th of January, 1880, but the mother passed away 
while her sons were serving in the Civil war, her death taking place on 
February 9, 1864. Thus were their seven children left motherless, being 
Mary, Henry, Engelhardt, Jacob, Simon, Helena and Louise. Of this 
family Engelhardt and Helena are deceased. Engelhardt lost his life 
at the battle of the Wilderness in the Civil war, in which he served as a 
member of the Fifth Wisconsin Infantry. 

Henry Fink worked on a farm until he was twenty years of age, 
after which he secured work as a clerk in a store in Milwaukee, con- 
tinuing in that work until August 17, 1862, when in the height of the 
w r ar excitement in Milwaukee, the young man found himself no longer 
able to resist the martial spirit w r hich inflamed him, and he enlisted as a 
private in Company B, of the Twenty-sixth Wisconsin Infantry. On 
October 5th following their regiment left the city and state for the 
scene of action, going direct to Fairfax Court House, where it became a 
part of the Second Brigade, Third Division of the Eleventh Army 



1 1 [STORY OP WISCONSIN' 1215 

Corps, and with it participated in the expedition to Thoroughfare Gap, 
New Baltimore and Warreton. The winter was spent in camp at Staf- 
ford Court House and in the spring the regiment was one of those 
said to be "stuck in the mud" with General Burnside. On April 27th, 
the Eleventh Corps under Major-General 0. 0. Howard, left Stafford 
Court House in the start of the Chancellorsville Campaign. The cross- 
ing of the Rappahannock was made at Kelly's Ford, and on May 1, 
the corps took position on the right of the Federal line. In the Terrible 
onslaught of "Stonewall" Jackson's corps on Howard's Command, 
before which the Union line w r avered and then fell back, Mr. Fink was 
wounded, a musket ball piercing his right arm and rendering it useless. 
He was taken from the field and placed in Hospital at Falmouth, where 
he received medical aid and was later sent to the Judicial Square 
Hospital in Washington. On June 26th he was transferred to Fort 
Schuyler, New York, and in November to David's Island, where he 
remained until removed to the Harvey hospital in Madison, Wisconsin, 
on January 7, 1864. In the following March, he was mustered into the 
Invalid Corps and remained there until his discharge on May 10, 1864. 
He then returned to Milwaukee, and for three years thereafter lie was 
employed as a traveling salesman. 

In 1876 Mr. Fink engaged in business on his own responsibility, 
becoming a dealer in wool, hides and furs. This occupied his time and 
attention until 1878, when he sold his interests in that enterprise and 
entered the land business. 

Mr. Fink is a Republican and served four years on the county board 
of supervisors, his term of service extending from 1870 to 1874. In 
1876 and 1877 he served in the state legislature, and in the latter year 
was appointed United States marshal, continuing in the office through 
the administrations of Hayes, Garfield and Arthur, presidents. \\<- 
closed his service in that capacity on May 10, 1885. On June 13, 1889. 
Mr. Fink was appointed collector of internal revenue for the First Dis- 
trict of Wisconsin, and he still remains the incumbent of that position. 

Mr. Fink has no fraternal affiliations beyond that of his membership 
in the B. B. Wolcott Post No. 1, of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
of which he has long been a member. 

On May 13, 1866, Mr. Fink was united in marriage with Miss 
Catherine Streiff of Milwaukee, and three children have been born to 
them — Albert, Edward and Emma. The wife and mother died on 
January 6, 1883, and on September 12, 1883, Mr. Fink married Miss 
Rosa Blankenhorn, of Cedarburg, Wisconsin. The home of the family is 
located at No. 562 Murray Avenue, while Mr. Fink's office address is the 
Government Building. 

Walter Palmer Bishop. The great city of Milwaukee, with its 
multiform industries and far reaching commerce, owes its marvelous 



1216 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

growth and prosperity to its position as a distributing center of the 
products of a vast country, and its concentration of production. A 
typical branch of its business, and one of the leading sources of its 
wealth, has been the preparation and distribution of the products of. 
the farms which cover the vast prairies of the Northwest. The growth 
and extent of the grain business are marvelous and express the pro- 
ductive powers of the wide region tributary to it. One of the best known 
grain commission men of the city is Walter Palmer Bishop, who has 
had a long and successful experience in the grain business, is vice presi- 
dent of the grain commission tirm of E. P. Bacon Company, and recently 
retired from office as president of the Chamber of Commerce. 

Walter Palmer Bishop was born at Solon, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, 
August 9, 1850, and is a son of Sanford Holmes and Fannie Melissa 
(Cannon) Bishop, his father being a farmer, teacher and merchant. 
Mr. Bishop is a direct descendant of John Bishop, who was born Sep- 
tember 30, 1685, and who was the youngest son of Samuel Bishop, of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, who was a son of Thomas Bishop, one of the 
founders of Massachusetts Bay Settlement, who lived and died in 
Ipswich. His daughter, Temperance, married Capt. Dr. David Holmes, 
the father of Rev. Abiel Holmes, whose son was Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
M. D., LL. D. Joseph Bishop, born December 19, 1772, son of John 
Bishop, married Mary Palmer, of Preston, Connecticut, and their oldest 
son was Sanford Holmes Bishop, the father of Walter Palmer Bishop. 
John Bishop and his brother, Samuel, were early settlers in Norwich, 
Connecticut, subsequently known as Newent Parish, and later as the 
incorporated town of Lisbon. Their descendants include a long line 
of legists, theologians and physicians, and the Bishops of the Ipswich- 
Norwich stock were noted not only for their professional abilities, but 
for their patriotism and public-spirit, temperance and probity. 

Walter Palmer Bishop attended the country district schools in Ohio, 
until he was seventeen years of age, which was his only schooling 
excepting that secured during a term in the Spencerian Business Col- 
lege, Milwaukee, when he was eighteen years old. His education has 
been secured largely by observation, reading and experience, the latter a 
hard and expensive method, but one which is lasting and comprehen- 
sive. His country and farm life served to inculcate in the young man 
habits of thrift, industry and economy, and gave him that acquaintance 
which is of material advantage to the young man starting upon a career 
who wishes to obtain the most from life. On leaving business college 
he was initiated into business methods and customs in the employ of his 
brother, entering the latter 's cheese and produce business in Milwaukee, 
in 1868. At that time the cheese industry was in its inception in Wis- 
consin, and young Bishop was somewhat of a factor in stimulating its 
growth, becoming an expert in this line, but in 1878 turned his atten- 
tion to a wider field, entering the grain business and becoming a mem- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1217 

ber of the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce. Experience in every phase 
of the grain business followed, and Mr. Bishop became an expert in 
the handling of grain, and carried on a large business with varying 
degrees of success until 1889, when he decided upon a change, and 
embarked in the manufacture of cement. This business, however, was 
not destined to succeed, and in 1891 Mr. Bishop returned to the grain 
business, entering the employ of E. P. Bacon Company, grain commis- 
sion merchants. He became a partner in this enterprise in 1897. and 
in 1909 was made vice-president. In the meantime, from 1897 to 1908 
he served as chairman of supervisors of inspection and weighing of the 
Chamber of Commerce. In 1911 his abilities were recognized by his 
associates by his election to the presidency, and in 1912 he was again 
sent to the chief executive's chair, in which he served until April, 1913. 
In 1911, Mr. Bishop was appointed a member of the harbor commission 
of the city of Milwaukee by the mayor, and during that same year was 
vice-president of the National Board of Trade. In 1912 he became a 
member of the organization committee of the Chamber of Commerce of 
the United States of America, and was elected councillor of that body 
to represent the city of Milwaukee. He has always been an active and 
enthusiastic Republican, and in 1896 served as president of the Fifth 
Ward Republican Club, and as such organized the only flambeau 
marching club the city has ever known. In 1879 Mr. Bishop became 
a member of Crescent Lodge, Knights of Pythias, in which he has 
served in all the offices and is now a life member of the order. He also 
holds membership in the Sons of the American Revolution, and has 
been a member of the Arion Musical Club of Milwaukee for thirty years 
and its president for some time. He is a member of the Bapist church. 

As president of the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce, Mr. Bishop 
had intimate relations and responsibilities in directing the most vital 
commercial organization in the city. In commenting upon the growth 
and development of this institution, a local newspaper recently said : 
"The Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce is one of the oldest commercial 
exchanges in the west, and in many respects has been a pioneer in those 
matters pertaining to the marketing of grain and other agricultural 
products. For fifty-four years it has stood for the highest principles of 
trade and for the commercial and industrial progress of Milwaukee. 
Its customs and rules have served as models after which associations 
more recently organized in other cities have patterned, and it has been 
a power in the commercial life of Milwaukee, achieving and helping to 
achieve much that has counted for the material progress o\' the city and 
of the country. 

"Fifty years ago this summer (1911) this Chamber of Commerce 
pledged itself to raise and did raise, in response to President Lincoln's 
call for men, two companies which went to the front with the Twenty- 
fourth Wisconsin. The Chamber of Commerce assessed its members ten 



1218 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

dollars each to form a fund for inducing enlistments, and in this way 
raised the sum of $2,000. This regiment rendered distinguished service 
for the Union. The spirit that has governed the members of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce for more than half a century is embodied in the pre- 
amble to the rules as follows: 'The objects of this association shall be 
to promote just and equitable principles in trade, to correct abuses, to 
establish and maintain uniformity in the commercial usages of the city, 
to acquire, preserve and disseminate valuable business information, and 
to support such regulations and measures as may advance the mercan- 
tile and manufacturing interests of the city of Milwaukee.' 

"Attention may be called to the fact that in following the policy 
just laid down by the preamble adopted at the organization of the 
Chamber ten years after its organization, the association established the 
first weighing department as an adjunct of any grain exchange, thus 
removing the element of personal interest from the weighing of prop- 
erty handled through members of the Chamber of Commerce and guar- 
anteeing to the country shipper an accounting for every bushel of grain 
contained in his car. The weighing of grain sold in this market under 
the supervision of sworn weighmen in the employ of the association, and 
having no connection, even the remotest, with the commercial side of the 
grain business, is now recognized as one of the most important func- 
tions of the Chamber of Commerce, and insures absolute accuracy in 
the matter of weights, as nearly as such a thing is possible. These 
weights are official, and are the basis upon which payment for the grain 
is made. 

"Today the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce stands as one of the 
leading exchanges of the country, and the business conduct of the mer- 
chants engaged in business at this point has been such as to render Mil- 
waukee particularly free from the criticisms of sharp practices which 
have been from time to time directed against the grain trade in general. 
Considerable pride is taken in this fact and it may be recalled here 
that Milwaukee was among the first of all markets to abolish the cus- 
tom, quite common at one time, of allowing the buyer to make a deduc- 
tion of a certain number of bushels from every car of grain unloaded 
on the theory that such an allowance was necessary to offset the aver- 
age amount of dirt, etc., in the car. In many ways, such as this, too 
many indeed to mention in a brief recounting of the steps in the prog- 
ress made, the Chamber of Commerce has shown itself to be an active 
agent for reforms that were known to be needed, and has identified itself 
with all movements which meant the promotion of good morals in busi- 
ness life." 

In his report at the annual meeting in April, 1913, Mr. Bishop, as 
retiring president, set before his associates a practical admonition for 
progress in these words : ' ' These are days when greater business equity 
is demanded and the little sharp practices that are sometimes resorted 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1219 

to in hopes of getting a start of a competitor must be eliminated in 
order to maintain the standing that has heretofore been established by 
our predecessors, and reach a still higher position among other busi- 
ness organizations. ' ' 

On October 20, 1875, Mr. Bishop was married to Mary E. Graham, 
of Milwaukee. Her parents N. M. and Mary Louise (Foster) Graham, 
were formerly residents of Port Byron, New York. Mrs. Graham's 
brother, Jacob T. Foster was colonel of the First Wisconsin Battery dur- 
ing the Civil war, and her son, Warren M. Graham, enlisted in the First 
Regiment, and was wounded in the battle of Falling Waters. He sub- 
sequently died in a hospital, and was the first soldier of the Civil war to 
be buried in Milwaukee, his funeral being conducted with military hon- 
ors. Mr. and Mrs. Bishop have two sons: Sidney H. Bishop, born 
October 17, 1878, and Warren J. Bishop, born November 23, 1879, and 
two daughters, Adelaide V. Bishop, born May 10, 1882, and Myrtle B. 
Bishop, born December 17, 1885. The pleasant family residence is 
situated at 901 Summit xVvenue, Milwaukee. 

Hon. Christian Widule of Milwaukee is an exceptionally fine ex- 
ample of that substantial class of foreign born Americans who become 
not only model citizens of the United States, but also take leading posi- 
tions in vocational, civic and other important phases of our public life. 
Unpretentious, but self-respecting; unofficious, but purposively deter- 
mined ; unobtrusive, but of thorough integrity,— this type of man forges 
to the front almost unconsciously, through the sheer wholesomeness of 
his character and its salutary effect on those about him. 

Mr. Widule 's native country was the Province of Silesia, in Germany, 
and in the community of Tarominitz, of that region, lived his parents. 
Gottlieb and Johanna (Wiegenauke) Widule. They were botli native 
Germans, the father a tailor by trade. In their Silesian home. July 10. 
1845, was born the son whom they named Christian, and who is the sub- 
ject of this review. 

When the boy was four years of age, the Widule family emigrated to 
the United States and became residents of Milwaukee. There the father 
became an employe for the old Galena railroad, which he left to accept 
an appointment as sexton for the Gruenhagen Cemetery, remaining in 
the latter work until 1855. In that year he returned to the tailoring 
business which he continued to follow in Milwaukee for the ensuing 
twenty-three years, retiring in 1878. He lived with his son. Christian 
until the close of his life at the age of seventy-two. He was the father o\' 
two sons and two daughters, the daughters being now deceased. Gott- 
lieb Widule, Jr., brother of Christian Widule. is still living, a retired 
merchant. He has three children, Geo. C. Widule, of the law firm of 
Widule & Mensing; Louis G. Widule, county clerk of the Milwaukee 
Co., and Lillian Widule residing with her father. 

Vol. V— 13 



1220 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

During his boyhood years, the public and parochial schools of Mil- 
waukee contributed to the educational development of Christian Widule, 
while early vocational experiments added their quota to the business 
knowledge of the youth. Having left the schools at the age of fourteen 
years to accept an apprenticeship at Garnera drug store, he received 
during the term of his service there first fifty cents and later one dol- 
lar a week. He next acted as office boy for the Justice of the Peace, with 
which work he combined some evening study, and also did billposting 
in odd moments, to secure his tuition, and it was after a period of activ- 
ity thus spent that he was able to continue his studies and eventually 
enter the drug business in a capacity decidedly more to his advantage 
than that in which he had served in previous days. For five years he 
was engaged in the work in connection with Henry Fess, Jr., and he 
then formed a business relation with J. H. Fesch, also in the drug 
business, so continuing for several years. After spending two years in 
the city of St. Louis, and Brunswick, Missouri, Mr. Widule returned to 
Milwaukee in 1868 and established a drug business of his own at the 
corner of Seventh and Chestnut streets where it is still located. His 
more than forty years of activity in the business at that point have 
gained for him a solid business reputation among the people of the 
city, and his place, although he is no longer the active proprietor is 
popular and prominent in its locality. 

In the matter of public service, Mr. Widule has never been found 
wanting. He has given freely of his time and talent in all capacities 
to which the people have called him, and his service has been of a whole- 
some and genuine quality, reflecting in generous measure the many 
excellent qualities that have characterized the man. He is a stanch 
and true Republican and varied and significant have been the honors 
that this party has placed upon him. He has been on many occasions a 
delegate to party conventions, and he is especially proud of the fact that 
he was a delegate to the convention that nominated Hon. William E. 
Smith for Governor. In 1898 President McKinley appointed Mr. Widule 
assistant postmaster of Milwaukee, which position he filled with such 
marked ability that he was re-appointed to the same office in 1906, since 
which time he has continued to hold the position. In 1876 Mr. Widule 
was defeated when he was a candidate for the General Assembly, but 
he was triumphantly elected to the office in 1878, serving one term. In 
1886 he was elected to the office of state senator, and at the session of 
the senate his splendid qualifications were found to fit him for the chair- 
man of the committee on education, and this committee reported favor- 
ably on the now famous statute, known as the Bennett Law. 

On January 17, 1868, Mr. Widule was united in marriage with Miss 
Emelia, daughter of Henry and Christine Huck, of Milwaukee. To 
them were born a family of ten children, of which number six are now 
living, having reached a most creditable maturity and attained estimable 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1221 

positions iu life. Emma is the wife of E. C. Meske; Oscar C. is man- 
ager of the drug store established by his father; Mrs. Rosa Messner; 
William II., a registered pharmacist, and recently appointed deputy 
county clerk of Milwaukee county; Anna is tin- wife of Theodore 
Schaefer; Charles resides in Pontiac, Michigan. On February 20, 1913, 
the mother of these children was called by Death, her passing taking 
place at the family home at 370 Twenty-first street, after an illness 
extending over a period of three months. In the death of Mrs. Widule 
Milwaukee lost one of her oldest and best loved citizens, Mrs. Widule 
having come to this city in 1851, when she was four years of age. She 
was born in West Point, New York, in 1847, and accompanied her par- 
ents hither in the year mentioned above, her marriage to Mr. Widule 
taking place in 1868. For many years this kindly and open-hearted 
woman was prominent in church and philanthropic work in Milwaukee, 
and many deeds of charity and beneficence have been accredited to her 
by grateful souls whom she kneAV so well how to minister to in their 
hours of need. She was long a member of Trinity Lutheran church, 
and the many departments of that church with which she was promi- 
nently connected will long remember her and the worthy work she per- 
formed as a member of the church body. Besides her husband and six 
children, she is survived by ten grandchildren. 

Mr. Widule and his family are connected with the Trinity Lutheran 
church, of which he has been a life-long member. For many years he 
has been one of its valued officers and a member of its choir. The Con- 
cordia Young Men's Society of the church was organized with his 
assistance many years ago, and now in his later years, the organization 
has complimented his generous and able services in various capacities 
of the church, — especially its musical interests,— by making him an hon- 
orary member of the society. 

Of the secular organizations with which Mr. Widule is connected 
may be noted the professional and political, including Milwaukee 
Pharmaceutical Association and the Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion of both of which he was at one time president: and the Post- 
masters' Association, of which he is now secretary-treasurer. lie is 
also connected with the West Side Club and the Milwaukee Mutual Aid 
Society, of which he has been president- for one term, having previously 
served as its secretary-treasurer for seventeen years: and the Old Set- 
tlers' Club counts him as a highly esteemed member, as well as one 
who is indeed an authority as to many of the earlier phases of life in 
Milwaukee. 

Mr. Widule is a man who never does things by halves, his tempera- 
ment being that of a man, who, when he once sees where duty points, 
moves in that direction, steadily and without hesitation. He shows 
remarkable executive ability in supervising his many interests. His 
drug business is now given into the care of his sou. in order that his 



1222 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

duties of assistant post-master may have the fullest attention. Cheerful 
and courteous in the performance of all his duties, Christian Widule 
is most highly regarded and genuinely respected by all who know him 
because of his unfailingly upright and manly qualities. His home, so 
recently bereft of that kindly spirit that made it a center of hearty and 
happy social life, is located at 370 Twenty-first street. The home is now 
presided over by the widowed daughter, Mrs. Rosa Messner, and her four 
children give cheer and brightness to the surroundings. 

George Yule. The unique position of George Yule in Wisconsin 
manufacturing centers has been the subject of much comment. "There 
are a lot of men, in Kenosha," to quote one sentence from an article 
in a Kenosha paper, published in July, 1913, "who have held posi- 
tions with the big industrial institutions of the city for a term of 
twenty years, a smaller number have records of twenty-five years, 
a few thirty years, and one or two fifty years, but George Yule, the 
president of the Bain Wagon Company has probably the most notable 
record of any man in the responsible position with a big manufactur- 
ing concern in this city. Today Mr. Yule rounded out his seventy- 
first year in the employ of the Bain Wagon Company. ' ' 

Throughout that period of time, more than threescore and ten 
years, the usually allotted life-time of any individual, he was con- 
nected with one firm and its various successors in business. It is said 
that on the day beginning the seventy-second year of service, Mr. 
Yule was at his office as early as any of his employes, and seemed to 
accept as a matter of course his continued service in the active direc- 
tion of the great corporation of which he has been for so many years 
president. 

No happier tribute to this great industrial executive and brief 
biography of his career can be found than the concise article written 
by Mr. W. W. Strong of Kenosha, and published under the title 
"Notable Wisconsin Citizens," in Municipality, in September, 1913. 
In view of the decidedly unusual character and length of George 
Yule's career, the magazine went outside its usual field of attention, 
and devoted several pages to Mr. Strong's article. The sketch is 
herewith presented in full : 

"The ancient leader of Israel tells us that 'the days of our years 
are three score and ten, but if by reason of strength they be four- 
score years, then is their strength but labor and sorrow.' Dr. Osier 
in recent years has endorsed that idea and has declared that after a 
man has reached the age of sixty years he is of no further use in the 
w r orld, and suggests that he be quietly chloroformed. Kenosha, how- 
ever, has a very active living exception to both of these theories in 
the person of Mr. George Yule, the president of the Bain Wagon 
Oompany of that city, who celebrated his seventy-first anniversary 



m 



m#* 



CM 






HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1223 

as a wagon maker on the first day of July in this year. The occasion 
was remembered by his associates in the office of the company, who 
felicitated him upon his long business career. Mr. Yule declares that 
he is not yet ready to retire from active service, but intends to con- 
tinue to make wagons for a good many years to come. 

Mr. Yule was born in Rathen, near Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, 
Scotland, August 31, 1824, and is therefore eighty-nine years of age. 
While a young lad in 1840 he came to America with his father, and 
settled on a farm in the town of Somers, Kenosha county, at that 
time part of Racine county. In July, 1842, he began what was to 
be his life work as a wagon maker in Southport (now Kenoshaj 
for the firm of Mitchell & Quarles. The last named member of the firm 
was the father of the late Hon. J. V. Quarles, United States district 
judge for the eastern district of Wisconsin. He continued in the 
employ of this firm until 1852, when the late Edward Bain purchased 
the business and began to make the Bain Wagon. Mr. Bain recog- 
nized the ability of Mr. Yule as a wagon maker and made him the 
superintendent of his factory. Under Mr. Yule's management the 
Bain factory soon became the leading industry of the town, and its 
product earned for itself the reputation which it now maintains. 
When the Bain Wagon Company was incorporated in 1882. it was 
one of the largest manufactures in southeastern Wisconsin. Upon 
the incorporation, Mr. Yule was elected vice president of the Com- 
pany, which office he held until the death of Edward Bain when he 
was chosen to the presidency. Mr. Yule is, of course, a practical 
wagon maker and has not yet forgotten his trade. Despite his age of 
nearly ninety years, and contradicting the Osier theory, he still 
retains his interest in the operative side of the industry and his desire 
today is that the Bain wagon should maintain its reputation as it was 
sixty-one years ago when he helped to establish it. 

"Mr. Yule of late years has spent his winters in California, and 
is enthusiastic over the climate of that state, but will admit that 
sometimes they do have unusual weather there. When in Kenosha, 
however, everyday finds him at the office of the Bain Wagon Com- 
pany, and nearly every day 'he makes a tour of the groat factory. 
taking a keen interest in watching the operation of making wagons, 
which was his own occupation for so many years. Many of the work- 
men now employed in the shops are the sons and grandsons of those 
who worked at forge or bench with Mr. Yule, and for thorn he always 
has a smile or a cheerful word. 

"Although the wagon business is Mr. Yule's chief interest, he also 
finds time for other matters. He is vice president of the First National 
Bank, and also holds the same office in the Northwestern Loan ami 
Trust Company, both of Kenosha, and as a director in both takes an 
active interest in the operation of both institutions. 



1224 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

"In 1896 when the Kenosha puhlic library association was organ- 
ized Mr. Yule took great interest in its success and was the first to 
make a liberal donation for the support and was a frequent contributor 
until it was succeeded by the Gilbert M. Simmons Library in 1900. 
In that year Hon. James Gorman, then mayor of the city, named Mr. 
Yule one of the board of directors of the new library, and at the new 
organization of the board Mr. Yule was chosen vice president, which 
office he has held continuously until the present time. 

"While Mr. Yule does not play golf, he enjoys being part of a 
gallery when a match between two good players is on. He has con- 
tributed liberally to the sport in his sons and grandsons, who have 
a wide acquaintance among the devotees of the 'ancient and honor- 
able game' all over the country. One of his grandsons, William H. 
Yule, has been state champion of Wisconsin and another, Gordon 
Yule, this year holds the title of champion of Yale. Every golf 
player in Wisconsin knows the 'Yale Cup,' a very valuable trophy 
which is contested for at the annual tournament of the Wisconsin 
Golf Association by five-men teams representing the constitutent clubs 
of the association, and many of the crack players of the state are 
the proud possessors of the beautiful gold medals which are given to 
each member of the winning team in this contest. The cup and gold 
medals, together with an endowment for their perpetuation, are the 
gifts of Mr. Yule. 

"Although Mr. Yule is the owner of an automobile, he says he 
only has it for his wife, but for himself he prefers his horse and buggy, 
and nearly every day he may be seen driving his horse through the 
streets of Kenosha, keeping himself posted on the many changes and 
improvements which are daily taking place in the city which has 
been his home for so many years. 

"In politics Mr. Yule is a Republican and was one of the mem- 
bers of the first Fremont and Dayton Club when the Republican party 
first came into existence. He is a Baptist in his religious connections 
and has always been a liberal contributor to the First Baptist Church 
of Kenosha, and to the activities of the church in general. Kenosha is 
proud of this citizen. ' ' 

Some matters of personal and family history may very properly 
be used to supplement the preceding article on Mr. George Yule. His 
parents were Alexander and Margaret (Leeds) Yule. Alexander 
was one of the early settlers in Somers township of Kenosha county, 
became a large land owner and for many years farmed on an exten- 
sive scale. Born in Scotland and of old Scotch farming stock, Alex- 
ander Yule was the only one of his immediate family to come to 
America. He was born four or five years before the close of the 
eighteenth century, was married in his native land, and his first wife 
died there in 1835. The eight children by that marriage were : Wil- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1225 

liam, who died in Kenosha county at the age of seventy-six; James, 
who died aged seventy-one; Alexander, who died after a brief scholarly 
career in Ireland; Beatrice, who married George Smith; John T., and 
Cutes and Mary, who died in infancy. Mr. George Yule was fourth 
in order of birth among these children. Alexander Yule married in 
Scotland for his second wife Miss Jane Watson, and had eight chil- 
dren by that marriage. Alexander Yule brought his family to Amer- 
ica about 1840, and bought two hundred and fifty-seven acres of land 
in the new country near Southport. His death occurred in 1871, 
when seventy-six years of age, and his second wife died in 1896. 

Mr. George Yule received all his schooling in Scotland, being six- 
teen years of age when he came to America. When he went to South- 
port and found work with the Mitchel & Quarles Company in 1812, 
that establishment had only a few employes, and the business was 
conducted on a very small scale. All parts of wagons were made by 
hand, and the plant's annual capacity was from ten to fifteen wagons, 
and a small number of plows, most of the work being that of repair- 
ing. The motto and life principle of Mr. Yule may be said to have 
been that of hard work, and the results have been a generous pros- 
perity which, however, has been worthily won. He has been fortu- 
nate in the possession of good health, and is said to have worked 
twenty-five consecutive years without a day's vacation. Another 
characteristic is his modest and unassuming demeanor, and he has 
always been content to let his work speak for itself. As a matter of 
fact this has been sufficient as a tribute to a more ambitious man, 
since the great Bain Wagon Factory is an institution more in the na- 
ture of a monument to his individual character and ability than to any 
other one man or group of men who have been associated with the 
business in the past. 

On January 1, 1848, at Kenosha, George Yule married Miss Kath- 
erine Mitchell, who was born in Fifeshire, Scotland, a daughter of 
William Mitchell. To their marriage were born six children, namely. 
Maria, who died in childhood; Louise, who married the late William 
Hall ; Ada, who died in childhood; George A., who was born in Kenosha 
in 1858, has been connected with the Bain Wagon Company a number 
of years, and is president of the Badger Brass Company, the first con- 
cern to manufacture acetylene automobile lamps; William L.. also 
identified with the Bain Wagon Company, and whose son is George 
Gordon, previously mentioned; and Harvey, who died young. 

G. E. Spohn. Probably no educational institution in Madison has 
a more practical relation to the business community and to the individual 
welfare of many young men and women than the Capital City Com- 
mercial College, of which Mr. Spohn has been president since 1908. 
It has been the aim of Mr. Spohn who has been identified with com- 



1226 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

mercial education in Madison for more than ten years to make his 
school as thoroughly equipped and as complete in every detail as any 
commercial college in the state. 

G. E. Spohn was born December 15, 1878, in Sutton, Clay county, 
Nebraska. His parents were N. and Catherine (Burbach) Spohn, both 
natives of Germany, the family coming to America in 1878, the parents 
then having one child. They located at Sutton, where the father, who 
was a butcher by trade, operated a retail meat business for six years. 
From Nebraska he moved to Kansas where he was a farmer, and still 
continues to cultivate Kansas Land. There were only two children in 
the family. 

Mr. G. E. Spohn up to his fifteenth year attended the public schools, 
and then entered the Kansas State Normal School at Emporia, where he 
was a student for three years. He was next in the Kansas Western Uni- 
versity at Salina, and during 1900 was a student in the McPherson 
College at McPherson, Kansas. After a commercial course in the State 
University of Kansas, in 1901, Mr. Spohn came to Madison, Wisconsin, 
where he was a teacher in what was then known as the Northwestern 
Business College. After two years as an inspector, during which he 
demonstrated his thorough ability as an educator in this particular 
field, he bought out the college, and in 1908 it was reorganized and 
incorporated under the name of the Capital City Commercial College, 
of which he has since been president. The other officers are E. M. 
Douglas vice president and L. D. Atkinson, Secretary-Treasurer. 

Mr. Spohn is a member of the First Baptist Church and is a Repub- 
lican in politics. He was married June 3, 1900, in Hillsboro. Kansas. 
to Miss Julia A. Herbel, a daughter of Fred Herbel of that place. Their 
three children are Ruby, Frances and George, Jr. 

John James. The settlers in La Crosse who came here forty years 
ago are largely gathered to their final rest. Among the venerable men 
who until the last year or two have survived, as reminders of the small 
beginnings and rapid growth of the city, was the late John James, whose 
death occurred January 10, 1913. He came to Wisconsin in 1874, and 
settled permanently in La Crosse and for a period of nearly forty 
years took part in her busy industries and shared in her stimulating 
life. When he passed away, crowned with years and with the fruits 
of an industrious life, it was with an unsullied reputation for business 
integrity and for fidelity to all the public, social and religious relations 
that surround the citizen. Mr. James was born February 12, 1841, the 
place of his nativity and nurture being the city of Shrewsbury, Eng- 
land, where he received his education. His parents were John and 
Emma (Powell) James, and he was descended from Welsh-English 
stock. On coming to the United States, in 1874, he at once settled in 
La Crosse, where he purchased the foundry and machine shop of C. C. & 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1227 

E. G. Smith, in partnership with a Mr. Thornely, under the firm style 
of Thornely & James. In 1903 he disposed of his interests to his brother, 
Alfred James, who is now conducting the business, and in December, 
1912, retired from active pursuits on account of rapidly failing health. 
He died after an illness of one month. Mr. James was prominent not 
only in business and social circles, but was widely known as a church 
worker. A local newspaper, in this connection, said in part at the time 
of his death : 

"From the time of his arrival in La Crosse, Mr. James was promi- 
nently associated with the First Congregational Church, having been 
on the official board almost continuously. Bethany Mission, located in 
the 1200 block on South Ninth street, was the Mecca to which Mr. James' 
feet turned every Sabbath, if possible, since 1876. Into this mission he 
brought the benison of his smiling countenance weekly through this long 
stretch of years, winning the respect and love not only of count less 
hundreds of children, but many scores of parents also, who came within 
the sphere of his benign and happy influence. He has often gone to 
Bethany in great feebleness in the last year but the place and the work 
had a charm for him that was irresistible and such as is given to but few 
to appreciate. He has lived to see his earlier scholars grow to man- 
hood and womanhood and their friendly greetings as he daily met them 
through the later years, were a never-failing source of pleasure to him. 
The value of his Chrisitan character cannot be measured by any earthly 
standard. 'They that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firma- 
ment, and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever 
and ever.' 

"Mr. James was a man of sterling character. He possess.'. 1 a kindly 
disposition, was always cheerful and sacrificing, and commanded the 
utmost respect and admiration from the many friends who had grown 
to know and love him. He was a strong church member and an untiring 
worker for many benevolences. In his business relations, lie was hon- 
est and straightforward in all matters and by force of persevering efforts 
forged to the front rank in his line in the Northwest." Mr. .lames was 
buried at Oak Grove Cemetery. Surviving him are a son. Frederic A. 
James, of Detroit, Michigan, and four brothers, Joseph of Florence, 
Colorado; William, of Shrewsbury, England, and Abram and Alfred 
James, of La Crosse. Mrs. James passed away in 190S. 

Alfred James, brother of John James, and for years his partner in 
business, was born June 15. 1856, in Shrewsbury. England, and accom- 
panied his brother to the United States. He learned the machinist's 
trade with his brother, of whose plant he was made superintendent in 
1883, and continued in that capacity until 190:} when he took over the 
enterprise and has since conducted it under the name of Alfred James. 
He is a general jobber of foundry and machine shop supplies, dealing 
largely with the smaller machine shops, and also making railroad iron 



1228 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

and brass castings. The house has continuously supplied the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad with iron and brass castings from the 
time the road was organized to the present time. Mr. James is a mem- 
ber of the Congregational church, of which he has been a liberal sup- 
porter for many years. For four years he has served as alderman of 
La Crosse. 

On December 9, 1880, Mr. James was married to Miss Jessie Wood 
Spier, of La Crosse, and three sons have been born to this union : James 
Spier, who is now a mining engineer and expert; Russel Wood, a grad- 
uate of Beloit College, and Burton Egbert, who is attending the La 
Crosse High School. 

Zeno M. Host's business career in Milwaukee dates only from 1895, 
but within the short space of eighteen years he has attained a success 
such as many men would regard as a triumph if accomplished through 
a half century of assiduous effort. Establishing the Wisconsin Savings 
Loan & Building Association when still but a youth, and at a time when 
the keenness of business competition, particularly in this field, rendered 
success practically impossible unless through the exercise of sound judg- 
ment, allied to a certain degree of venturesome determination, he has 
secured financial independence and attained a reputation through so 
ably directing the affairs of this institution as to have made it one of the 
leading enterprises of its kind in the Cream City. 

Zeno M. Host w r as born at Lyons, Walworth county, Wisconsin, July 
1st, 1869, and is a son of Andrew J. and Josephine (Klingele) Host, 
the former a native of Lyons, and the latter of Burlington, Racine 
county, Wisconsin. The mother still survives and resides at No. 719 Astor 
street, Milwaukee. The father died July 13, 1913. He was on the road 
as a traveling representative of the wholesale grocery firms of A. Dahl- 
man & Co. and Dahlman & Inbusch Company, of Milwaukee, from 
1882. There were five sons and three daughters in the family: Otto, 
who is a resident of Milwaukee, Wisconsin ; Zeno M., of this review- ; 
Mrs. George Glassner, of Milwaukee ; Mrs. Albert Kunz, widow of the 
late Albert Kunz, of Milwaukee, who met his death in an automobile 
accident in December, 1908 ; Ida, who died in September, 1900, and was 
laid to rest in Calvary Cemetery, Milwaukee; Andrew J., a resident of 
Milwaukee; Clemens P., who has just received the appointment as state 
fire marshal from Governor McGovern; and Raymond A., of Mil- 
waukee. All of these children were born at Lyons, Wisconsin, and 
there Otto and Zeno M. received their early education, later attending 
the Milwaukee schools and the Spencerian Business College. The other 
children were all educated in Milwaukee. 

After completing his studies, Zeno M. Host, who was an ambitious 
and enterprising youth, started out to make his own w r ay in the world, 
and for one and one-half years was engaged at clerking and driving a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1229 

wagon for a retail grocer. He was then employed in a coal office from 
his fifteenth to his twenty-first year, and for two years thereafter was 
employed as bookkeeper by the National Building & Loan Association, 
where he acquired much valuable experience. On leaving the employ 
of this concern, April 16, 1895, Mr. Host organized the Wisconsin Sav- 
ings Loan & Building Association, which, as before stated has grown 
to be one of the leading concerns of its kind in the city. Its eighteenth 
annual statement, issued January 1, 1913, was as follows: Resources: 
Loans on Real Estate, $732,120.12; Loans on Stock, $16,652.18; Interest 
Due, $8,809.09; Fines Due, $1,515.41; Real Estate, $26,207.00; Judg- 
ments, $5,779.34; Taxes, etc., advanced, $1,972.82; Furniture and Sta- 
tionery, $672.30; Discount Unearned, $887.17; Rent Due, $215.00; Cash 
in Bank, $16,613.02; Cash in Office, $2,586.87; Total, $814,03(1.32. 
Liabilities: Dues on Installment Stock, $438,210.50; Dues Paid in 
Advance, $13,870.50; Fixed Dividend Stock, $93,500.00; Contingent 
Fund, $1,475.33 ; Due Counsel, $125.05 ; Interest, etc., Paid in Advance, 
$434.47; Incomplete Loans, $69,857.71; Matured Stock (Dues. $10,350.00, 
Profits, $4,650.00,) $15,000.00; Bills Payable, $92,700.00; Interest Ac- 
crued, $2,097.15 ; Dividend Account, $59,927.13 ; Undivided Profits, $26,- 
832,48 ; Total, $814,030.32. A glance at the list of directors and officers 
of this concern will give an idea of the responsible and influential busi- 
ness men who are behind it : Alvin P. Kletzsch, president, proprietor of 
the Republican House; Lawrence Halsey, first vice-president, judge of 
the Circuit Court; William George Bruce, second vice-president, secre- 
tary of the Merchants and Manufacturers Association; Hon. Francis E. 
McGovern, governor State of Wisconsin ; Dr. Mathew X. Federspiel, 
orthodonist and oral surgeon; Charlton D. Lisle, treasurer, general man- 
ager of the Eclipse Installment Company; Zeno M. Host, secretary and 
general agent, loans, investments, real estate and insurance. On April 
1, 1896, less than one year after its organization, the company boasted of 
assets of $12,087.73; by April 1, 1898, these had shown a rapid growth, 
having reached $62,854.15; January 1, 1902 showed $100,183.27; Jan- 
uary 1. 1908, $268,687.08; January 1, 1911. $479,168.35; and January 
1, 1913. $814,030.32. Since the organization of this company it lias 
paid to its members no less than $1,857,560.63. The association is mutual 
in character, all members, borrowers and investors sharing alike in its 
earnings, in proportion to their investment. The firsl offices of this con- 
cern were in the Merrill Block, on Grand avenue, bul subsequently they 
were moved to the Mitchell building, in which they remained until April. 
1913, when needing more commodious quarters, because of the phe- 
nomenal growth of business, the ground floor space at No. 253 Third 
street was handsomely equipped, and this is the present location. 

Mr. Host's rapid rise in the business world has come through no 
happy circumstance or adventitious chance. His career has been marked 
bv constant industry, and although he lias been ever alert to opportu- 



1230 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

nity his transactions have been of a strictly legitimate nature, his stand- 
ing among his associates being that of a man who has ever respected the 
most rigid integrity. From 1903 until 1907 he served in the capacity of 
insurance commissioner. In political matters a Republican, he has for 
some years been a non-resident member of the great organization of the 
Grand Old Party, the Hamilton Club of Chicago. He is widely known 
in fraternal circles, being past grand chancellor of the Knights of 
Pythias and supreme representative of the Supreme Lodge at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in 1904, at New Orleans, Lousiana, in 1906, and at 
Boston, Massachusetts, in 1908. In the Independent Order of Foresters 
he was State treasurer for a number of years, and attended the Supreme 
Lodge meetings at Los Angeles, California, in May, 1902, at Montreal, 
Canada, in June, 1905, and at Toronto, Canada, in June, 1908. After 
the failure of Elks Lodge No. 46, of Milwaukee, he was prominent in 
its reorganization in 1894 and now holds membership card No. 1. He is 
an enthusiastic fisherman, and with other prominent Milwaukeeans 
belongs to the Pelican Lake Fishing Club. 

On July 14, 1891, Mr. Host was united in marriage with Miss Anna 
M. Weiss, who was born, reared and educated in Milwaukee, daughter 
of Philip and Barbara (Wuest) Weiss, pioneers of Wisconsin. Mr. 
Weiss for some years was the proprietor of a grocery store located oil the 
present site of Hackendahl's drug store, Jackson and Juneau streets, but 
later became interested in horses, and met his death in an accident when 
one of his animals ran away, in 1887. Mrs. Weiss survives her husband 
and resides in Milwaukee. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Host: Norma, a graduate of the East Side High school, class of 1910, 
and now a student of the Milwaukee State Normal school ; and Zeno M., 
Jr., who is a member of the Class of 1914, East Side High school. 

Rufus G. Deming. The mere incidental statement that Mr. Deming 
was born in Dane county, Wisconsin, in the year which marked the ad- 
mission of the state to the Union, gives adequate testimony to his being 
a scion of one of the pioneer families of the county in which is situated 
the fair capital city of the Badger commonwealth, so that particular 
interest attaches to his career, especially by reason of the fact that he 
still resides in Dane county and is one of its well known and highly 
honored citizen. Mr. Deming was long and prominently identified with 
educational affairs in Madison, where he was for many years asso- 
ciated in the ownership and practical conducting of the Northwestern 
Business College, and he has at all times stood exponent of broad- 
minded and progressive citizenship, besides being actuated by the 
staunchest loyalty and appreciation of his native state, of whose mag- 
nificent development and upbuilding he has been a witness. He is now 
the valued incumbent of a responsible clerical position in the office of 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1231 

the state railroad commissioner of Wisconsin and in his native county 
his circle of friends is limited only by that of his acquaintances. 

In the township of Vienna, Dane county, Wisconsin, Rufus G. Deal- 
ing was born on the 10th of April, 18-18, and thus he was ushered into 
the world under the territorial regime in Wisconsin, which became one 
of the sovereign states of the Union on the 29th of the following month, 
his birth having thus been virtually coincident with that of the state 
itself. Mr. Deming is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Fisher) Dem- 
ing, the former of whom was born in Ohio, a representative of one of 
the sterling pioneer families of that state, and the latter of whom 
was born in the state of New York, their marriage having been solem- 
nized in Illinois. In 1817 Joseph Deming came to the territory of Wis- 
consin and obtained from the government a homestead of one hundred 
and sixty acres of wild laud, in Vienna township, Dane county, thus be- 
coming one of the early settlers of this now opulent and favored section 
of the state. He reclaimed his land from the forest wilds and developed 
one of the fine farms of Dane comity, the while he did well bis part 
in the furtherance of civic and industrial development and progress 
of a general order. He was a man of in'dustry, energy and integrity, 
of broad mental ken and of liberal views, and thus he wielded no slight 
influence in connection with public affairs in the pioneer days of the 
county, where he lived to view with satisfaction the latter period of 
opulent prosperity and progress. He continued to reside on his origi- 
nal homestead until his death, which occurred in 1895, his loved and 
devoted wife having preceded him to eternal rest by exactly eighteen 
months, so that in death they were not long separated. Of their ten 
children two sons and two daughters are now living, the subject of this 
review having been the second in order of birth. Joseph Deming en- 
dured the full tension of the hardships and deprivations of the p ion en- 
era and both he and his wife so ordered their lives as to retain an 
inviolable place in the esteem and good will of all who knew them, 
both having been zealous members of the Methodist church and he hav- 
ing been originally a Whig and later a Republican in his political 
allegiance. His name merits enduring place on the roll of the honored 
pioneers of Wisconsin and of the county in which he maintained his 
home for nearly half a century. In the later years of his life lie gave 
most graphic and interesting reminiscences concerning conditions and 
his personal experiences in the pioneer days, and reverted to the fact that 
during the early period of his residence in Dane county Milwaukee 
was the nearest market point of any considerable importance. By long 
and tiresome overland journey he transported his wheat to that market, 
and as the product commanded only thirty cents a bushel at the time. 
he usually found himself in debt after he had procured the necessary 
supplies in Milwaukee and returned with them to his home, as the sum 
received for his wheat failed to meet the requirements. 



1232 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Rufus G. Deruing, whose names introduces this review, gained his 
initial experiences under the conditions and influences of the pioneer 
days, and his memory forms an indissoluble chain linking that forma- 
tive period with the splendid conditions and opportunities presented 
in the same county in this twentieth century. He early began to assist 
in the work of the home farm and thus learned to appreciate the dig- 
nity and' value of honest toil and endeavor. He availed himself of 
the advantages of the common schools of the locality and period and 
continued to attend the same at somewhat irregular intervals until 
he had attained to the age of twenty years, when he showed his ambitious 
purpose and definite self-reliance by entering the University of Wiscon- 
sin. Through his own exertions he largely defrayed the expenses of 
his collegiate course, and under such conditions his studies were not 
carried forward in a definitely consecutive way. He was graduated 
in the university as a member of the class of 1874 and received therefrom 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He forthwith put his scholastic acquire- 
ments to practical test and utilization by turning his attention to the 
pedagogic profession, as a representative of which he taught for two 
years in the public schools of his native county. He then, in 1876, pur- 
chased an interest in the Northwestern Business College, in Madison, 
and in this excellent institution he had charge of the academic and pre- 
paratory departments during the first seventeen years. Henry M. AVil- 
mot was his partner in the conducting of the college from 1876 until 
1880, and Mr. Wilmot then severed his connection with the institu- 
tion. Mr. Deming thereupon admitted to partnership John C. Proctor, 
and the college was thereafter conducted most successfully by the firm 
of Deming & Proctor until 1899. For the ensuing four years Mr. 
Deming carried forward the enterprise in an individual way and he 
then, in 1903, sold the college, which is still continued as one of the val- 
ued educational institutions of the capital city and the upbuilding of 
which to high standard was mainly due to the able and zealous efforts 
of Mr. Deming. From 1903 to 1910 Mr. Deming occupied himself prin- 
cipally with effective service as an expert accountant, and in the latter 
year, under the civil-service regulations, he received appointment to a 
clerkship in the office of the state railroad commissioner of Wisconsin, 
an incumbency which he has since retained, as a valued assistant in 
directing the affairs of this important department of the governmental 
service of the state. 

In politics Mr. Deming has taken a course consistent with his earn- 
est convictions, and for the past fifteen years he has been an earnest 
and purposeful supporter of the cause of the Prohibition party. He 
has ever given his influence in support of measures and objects tending 
to conserve the best interests of the community, along moral, intellec- 
tual and material lines, and his course has been guided and governed 




c^rf&&J£h>lJ£ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1233 

by the highest principles of integrity and honor. Mr. and Mrs. Deming 
attend the Congregational church. 

On the 24th of August, 1884, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Deming to Miss Lucretia M. Randall, who was born in New York 
state and whose parents were numbered among the honored pioneers 
of Wisconsin, to which state they came from that of New York in the 
year 1850. Mrs. Deming completed her education in the University of 
Wisconsin and was a successful and popular teacher in the public 
schools for several years. Mr. and Mrs. Deming have three children, 
whose names and respective dates of birth are here noted : Arthur C, 
February 27, 1882; Rose E., November 15, 1885; and Edith M.. July 
8, 1890. Arthur C. Deming married Ida Gerer, of Dane county and re- 
sides in Madison. He is engaged as special helper to Prof. Chas. Leith of 
the state university in the U. S. Geological survey. Rose E. resides at 
home and is special stenographer for the geological professors of the 
state of Wisconsin at the university. Edith M. is married to William 
Marks, of Town Bluffs, Wis. They reside at present in the city of 
Madison, and have one son, named Philip Earl. 

Alexander B. McDonell. For forty years a man of power and 
broad influence in the business and civic activities of Chippewa Falls, 
Mr. McDonell represents that type of strong manhood which the great 
lumber industry of Wisconsin did much to develop and present to the 
citizenship of this great commonwealth. No other industry in Wiscon- 
sin has made quite such demands for vigorous, self-reliant and almost 
perfect men in physical character and with executive and business 
abilities to correspond, as lumbering, and this class of citizenship 
has probably exercised a more potent influence on the economy and 
social character of Wisconsin than any other group of Wisconsin 
men. Mr. McDonell began his own career as a poor boy, became iden- 
tified with the work of the great lumber regions, rose from one position 
to another until he became one of the large operators in northern 
Wisconsin, and for the past twenty years has been president of one of 
the largest banking institutions of Chippewa Falls. 

Alexander B. McDonell is a native of Ontario. Canada, where he 
was born April 17, 1840, a son of Angus and Marjory McDonell. His 
mother died when he was seven years old, and at the age of fourteen 
he was an orphan and had to confront the world on his own respon- 
sibility. The facilities of a country school were afforded him during 
the winter terms, and during each summer he worked hard on the 
farm. When he was eighteen years old he went into the lumber forests. 
on the Ottawa river, where he made himself useful at a wage of $1:100 
per month. Each winter for several successive years he returned to the 
woods and farmed during the summer. Saginaw. Michigan, was then 
the great center of the advancing lumber industry, and he was attracted 



1234 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

to that mecca of lumbering in 1861, going into the woods for two suc- 
cessive seasons. Malaria finally drove him out of that territory, and he 
moved to a less well known lumber district, at Defiance, Ohio, where he 
was employed in getting out square oak timber, this timber being run 
to Toledo on the canal. From 1866 until 1873 Mr. McDonell was in the 
woods and on the river drives about Minneapolis. It was during this 
latter experience that he first began to accumulate some money, and 
when he left Minneapolis in 1873 he possessed several thousand dollars 
capital. 

In June, 1873, with the money saved from the earlier ventures, 
Mr. McDonell became a permanent resident of Chippewa Falls, Wiscon- 
sin. A few weeks later, at the opening of the logging season, he took 
charge of Edward Rutledge's lumber camp at the south fork of Jump 
river. Two years later he became connected with the Mississippi River 
Logging Company, and had various responsibilities, being engaged in 
the cutting of logs, in scaling and in charge of the drives on the river, 
continuing in this way until 1881. He became associated with Thomas 
Irvine of St. Paul in 1879, and the two partners bought a large amount 
of pine timber lands, and engaged in logging as independent lumber- 
men. From that time on they were regarded as among the successful 
lumbermen of northern Wisconsin, and continued their enterprise until 
1894, at which time they sold out their remaining holdings at excel- 
lent advantage. 

On retiring from active connection with the lumber business, Mr. 
McDonell assisted in organizing the Lumbermen's National Bank of 
Chippewa Falls and has ever since been president of this institution. 
He is also a director in the Northern Lumber Company of Cloquet, 
Minnesota ; stockholder in the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company at Ta- 
coma, Washington ; has interests in the Eau Claire and Bow River Lum- 
ber Company at Eau Claire ; the Calgary Water Company in Ontario, 
Canada, and is identified with various other enterprises in Chippewa 
Falls. 

Successful in business Mr. McDonell has also given his co-operation 
and his means to the betterment of his home community. He has for 
many years been an active Republican and during 1887-88 was Mayor 
of Chippewa Falls. His administration is recalled as one marked by 
substantial progress in this city. His name will probably be longest 
identified with the city in the McDonell Memorial High School, which 
he built in Chippewa Falls, and which is one of the notable Catholic 
schools of northern Wisconsin, its educational administration being 
such that its graduates go directly to college. The Notre Dame sisters 
have charge of this school. Mr. McDonell is a member of St. Mary's 
Catholic church in Chippewa Fa] Is, and has been a generous contrib- 
utor to many charitable and religious undertakings. In later years he 
has traveled extensively in Europe and elsewhere, and is a man of broad 









HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1235 

and liberal views, and a charming and interesting social companion. 
In 1881 Mr. McDonell married Miss Mary Eugenia 'Neil of Chip- 
pewa Falls. Her death occurred in 1892, and her four children were 
Alexander A., Emily I., Donald H., and Robert R., all deceased but the 
oldest child, Alexander A. 

Henry M. Lewis, of Madison, whose name occupies a conspicuous 
place on the roll of Wisconsin's eminent lawyers, during more than 
half a century's connection with the bar of the state has won and main- 
tained a reputation for ability that has given him just pre-eminence 
among his professional brethren. In the law, as in every other walk 
of life, success is largely the outcome of resolute purpose and unfalt- 
ering industry. — qualities which are possessed in a large degree by 
Mr. Lewis. 

Mr. Lewis claims the old Green Mountain state as the place of his 
nativity. He was born in Cornwall, Vermont, September 7, 1830. and 
is a son of Martin and Sophia (Russell) Lewis. The father was born 
in Cornwall, Vermont. July 9, 1795, and he died in January. 1902. II is 
wife was born in Connecticut in 1789 and she passed to eternal rest 
November 11, 1869. Martin Lewis was a farmer by occupation and in 
the spring of 1846 he removed from his native state to the territory 
of Wisconsin, locating in Burke township, Dane county. He was one of 
the pioneer agriculturists of Wisconsin territory. In 1888 he settled 
in Sparta, Wisconsin, where his demise occurred in 1902. He was 
incumbent of a number of township offices during the latter years of his 
lifetime and during the Civil war period was an ardent Abolitionist. 
Subsequently he supported the Republican party. He and his wife 
were devout members of the Congregational church in their religions 
faith. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis were the parents of three children, namely: 
Harriet. T., who is deceased; Charles G., a resident of Sparta: and 
Henry M., of this notice. 

To the public schools of Cornwall, New Haven, A T ermont, Henry M. 
Lewis is indebted for his preliminary educational training. He was 
a lad of sixteen years of age when he accompanied his parents to Wis- 
consin and after completing the curriculum of the public schools of 
Dane county he was matriculated as a student in the University of Wis- 
consin and after completing the curriculum of the public schools of 
offices of the well known law firm of Vilass & Remington and later with 
Collings. Smith & Keyes. He was admitted to the Wisconsin bar in 
October, 1853. and for one year thereafter was engaged in the active 
practice of law at Hudson. Wisconsin. In 1851 he came to Madison, 
where he has since resided and where he has gained distinctive pres- 
tige as a brilliant, and versatile lawyer. He has figured in many of the 
important litigations of the state and federal courts and has held 
numerous public offices of important trust and responsibility. In his 

Vol. V— 1 4 



1236 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

political convictions he owns allegiance to the principles and policies 
for which the Republican party stands sponsor. For one term he was 
district attorney of the county, for four terms city alderman from the 
Second ward, for fifteen years member of the Madison school board and 
for three years its president and for some three or four years assistant 
United States district attorney. In the year 1878 he was appointed 
United States district attorney and he served in that capacity for 
nearly nine years. In March, 1867, he was appointed collector of in- 
ternal revenue and he retained that incumbency until July 1, 1872. 
In July, 1898, he was made referee in bankruptcy and he has held that 
office during the long intervening years to the present time, in 1913. 
He is affiliated with the Dane County and AVisconsin State Bar Societies 
and with the American Bar Association. In the time-honored Masonic 
order he is a valued and appreciative member of Madison Lodge, No. 5, 
Ancient Free & Accepted Masons; Madison Chapter, No. 4, Royal Arch 
Masons; and Robert McCoy Commandery No. 3. In the Benevolent 
& Protective Order of Elks he is a member of Madison Lodge, No. 
410. 

September 1, 1858, Mr. Lewis was united in marriage to Miss Char- 
lotte T. Clarke, who was born in Carbondale, Pennsylvania. She 
died August 16, 1864. This union was prolific of three daughters : Lottie 
B., deceased; Jessie R. married Lloyd Skinner, residing in Madison; 
and Sophia M. is the widow of H. E. Briggs; she lives in Madison. 
Mrs. Lewis was a woman of most gracious personality and she was 
deeply beloved by all who came within the sphere of her gentle 
influence. 

Although well advanced in years, Mr. Lewis is still hale and hearty 
and gives his undivided attention to business affairs. As a man he is 
thoroughly conscientious, of undoubted integrity, affable and courteous 
in manner and he has a host of friends, with few, if any. enemies. 

Hon. Aad John Vinje. There is a certain sameness in the careers 
of American judges. With some exceptions the common type brings to 
mind an ambitious and gifted youth, born, if not in penury, in humble 
circumstances, struggling with ceaseless labor and self-denial to obtain 
subsistence, while giving his thoughts to the acquisition of an academic 
and usually a collegiate education. An interval of labor, not infre- 
quently in the school room, opens an entrance into professional schools. 
A calling to the bar follows ; then comes a settlement in some growing 
community, usually in the West or Middle West. The gaining of a 
foothold in practice by slow and painful steps ensues ; and with moderate 
success the founding of a home and family life results. After a few 
years of more marked prosperity, a selection by the bar for judicial 
honors is followed by popular ratification at the polls, and then comes 
years of labor, of isolation, of anxious thought, of conscientious devo- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1237 

tion to the high calling, of which the highest praise is that of duty done. 
The career of the Hon. Aacl John Vinje has been no departure from 
the ordinary type. He, too, struggled with limited means; lie won 
a liberal education by his own labor, and spent years in the school 
room before he came to the bar. His admirable qualities were appre- 
ciated by his fellow practitioners, and after serving several appoint- 
ments with high ability was elected to the Supreme bench of the State 
for a period of ten years. The highest encomium possible is that he has 
proven himself worthy of the confidence reposed in him and that he has 
been an able, impartial and learned judge. 

Judge Vinje was born in Voss, Norway, November 1<>, 1*7)7. and is 
a son of John and Ingeborg (Klove) Vinje, natives of that country. 
John Vinje was born in 1823, and died in 1859, having been the father 
of five children, of whom two are living: Julia, the wife of Andrew 
H. Dahl, state treasurer of Wisconsin; and Aad John. The widow, who 
was born in 1824, was married to M. K. Vinje, and died in 1901, having 
had one daughter, Ellen, by her second marriage. Her husband still 
survives her and make his home in Marshall county. Iowa, being eighty- 
three years of age. 

Aad John Vinje was twelve years of age when he accompanied his 
mother and step-father to the United States, the family settling in 
Marshall county, Iowa. During the winter of 1873-4 he attended Iowa 
College, at Grinnell, Iowa, and in the winter of 1874-5 went to North- 
western University of Iowa, at Des Moines. He then spent several years 
in teaching in the public schools of Iowa, but in the fall of 1878 came 
to Madison and entered the literary department of the University of 
Wisconsin, being graduated therefrom in 1884 and from the law depart- 
ment in 1887. He was assistant in the State Library from 1^>4 t«> l vss . 
and assistant to the Supreme Court Reporter from 1888 to 1891. In 
the latter year he entered upon the practice of his profession at Supe- 
rior, and August 10, 1895, was appointed judge of the Eleventh Judicial 
Circuit of Wisconsin, holding the office until September 10. 1 ! > 1 » » . when 
he was appointed Justice of the Supreme Court. On April 4. 1911, 
he was elected for a term of ten years commencing the first Monday 
of January, 1912. Judge Vinje is known as a type of the scholarly 
industry, as a profound thinker, and as an upright judge. He iv a 
Republican in his political views. 

On June 5, 1886, Judge Vinje was married to Alice [dell Miller, 
who was born near Oregon, AVisconsin, and educated in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. Four children have been born to this union: Arthur 
M., David R., Janet and Ethel. The family is connected with the 
Unitarian church. 

Judge John Barnes. Deep and accurate knowledge of law and 
practice, native shrewdnes and ability, and unswerving integrity have 



1238 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

made Judge John Barnes, of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin, an ex- 
cellent lawyer and an admirable judge ; high personal character, firm 
religious convictions, a kind heart and a strong sense of duty, have 
made him a valuable citizen. A most conscientious public servant, 
his life guarded by high purpose and sincerity, his dignity and well- 
balanced legal mind commend him to all who have anything to do with 
the court, and his sound reasoning and impartial decisions place him 
in a foremost position among those who have won eminence on the Wis- 
consin bench. Judge Barnes is a native son of Wisconsin, having been 
born in Manitowoc county, July 26, 1859, and is a son of John and 
Mary (Butler) Barnes. 

John Barnes, the father, was born in Kilkenny County, Ireland, 
in 1814, and w:as there married to Mary Butler, born in the same 
locality in 1822. Soon after their marriage they emigrated to Mont- 
real, Canada, where they arrived after a journey of seven weeks on a 
sailing vessel, and iater they made removal to Lockport, New York, 
from whence they came in 1858 to Manitowoc county, Wisconsin. Here 
Mr. Barnes engaged in agricultural pursuits, which occupied the rest 
of his life, his death occurring in 1881, when he was sixty-seven years 
of age. His wife passed away in 1880, at the age of fifty-eight years. 

The boyhood of Judge John Barnes was passed on his father's farm, 
and his early education was secured in the district schools of Manitowoc 
county, following which he attended the Manitowoc High school and 
the Oshkosh Normal school.- He then took up the study of law in the 
University of Wisconsin, where he was graduated in 1883, and" com- 
menced practice in Manitowoc, but in 1885 went to Rhinelander and 
there carried on a general practice and served as a member of the 
school board for several years. After serving as municipal judge of 
Oneida county for four years, Judge Barnes was appointed a member 
of the State Railroad Commission, but resigned therefrom in August, 
1907, and in the following year was elected to the Supreme Bench of 
the State. He is now serving his second term as a member of that 
august body. Judge Barnes' mind is of the judicial order, and he would 
in almost any community have been sought for to occupy a place upon 
the bench. The high esteem in which he is held as a jurist among the 
entire profession is the result of a combination of legal ability culture, 
and incorruptible integrity, with the dignified presence, absolute 
courage and graceful urbanity which characterize all of his official 
acts. His political support has always been given to the cause of 
Democracy. He is a member of the county and state bar associations, 
and fraternally he is interested in the work of Rhinelander Lodge, 
B. P. 0. E., and Antigo Council, Knights of Columbus. 

On July 26, 1887, Judge Barnes was married to Miss Julia A. 
Koelzer, who was born in Rochester, New York, daughter of Peter J. and 
Sarah (Doyle) Koelzer, the former a native of Germany and the latter 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1239 

of Ireland, and both surviving. They came to Wisconsin in 1864, 
settling in Manitowoc county, later going to Antigo, Langlade county, 
where Mr. Koelzer was engaged in a general merchandise business, and 
finally removing to Rhinelander, Oneida county, where they Live re- 
tired. Of their five children, Mrs. Barnes was the fourth in order of 
birth. Judge and Mrs. Barnes have had four children: Dorothy M., 
Beatrice F., Fayne J. and John, Jr. The pleasant family residence is 
located at No. 104 Langdon street, 

Charles C. Brown. For many years closely associated in business 
with the late Z. G. Simmons and the successor of that splendid financier 
and manufacturer in the presidency of the First National Bank of 
Kenosha, Charles C. Brown has had what every one would consider 
a most fortunate association and career. The facts are, however, that 
he has won on his merit every promotion, and it is doubtful it' any 
man in Wisconsin stands more solidly on his own bottom than this 
Kenosha banker. Few banks of Wisconsin have a longer history of 
conservative and successful management than the First National Bank 
of Kenosha. It originated as a state bank in 1852, and in the year 
following the passage of the National Bank Act in 1863, the state in- 
stitution was reorganized and the charter for the national bank taken 
out in 1864. The number of the charter was two hundred and twelve, 
and that charter number has since been retained at subsequent renewals. 
Throughout its existence the bank has been prosperous through having 
an able directorate and exceptionally competent executive officials, 
and has weathered all the financial storms safely. In June. 1913, the 
aggregate resources of the First National Bank were approximately 
$3,750,000. Its capital stock is $150,000, and the surplus fund of an 
equal amount, Its total deposits aggregate over three and a quarter 
million of dollars. The executive officers are Charles C. Brown, presi- 
dent; George Yule, vice president: and W. II. Purnell, cashier. The 
directors are all men of the highest prominence in local financial and 
industrial affairs, and are: George Vide. C. C. Allen. Charles T. Jeffery, 
Z. G. Simmons, Richard F. Howe. A. II. Lance, and Charles C. 
Brown. 

The old State Bank, from which the First National Bank of Kenosha 
developed, was organized two years before the birth of Charles ( '. Brow a, 
who has been closely connected with the executive direction of the bank 
for more than twenty years and is now president. A Kenosha boy, born 
May 20, 1854, Mr. Brown when young lost his father, and was obliged 
to go to work for his own living and the supporl of bis widowed mother. 
He had some schooling, but aside from that never depended upon any 
one but himself for assistance. At one time only one among hundreds. 
so far as his relative position was concerned, he has achieved on merit. 
the presidency of the largest bank in Kenosha county, and those who 



1240 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

know say he has returned in business service and actual ability, a com- 
pensation equal to all the material prosperity he has won. 

His parents were Charles C. and Katharine (Lampson) Brown. 
His father was a native of Massachusetts and the mother of Vermont. 
The senior Brown came to Kenosha county, in 1849, when Kenosha was 
known as Southport. Mr. Brown grew up in Kenosha, attended the 
common schools, and also an academy in Milwaukee. When his educa- 
tional opportunities were ended, he started out to make Ms own way 
in the world, and his first position was as a clerk in the store of Rouse 
Simmons for seven years. Then in partnership with Gilbert M. Sim- 
mons, under the firm name of Simmons & Brown, a general merchan- 
dise business was conducted for three years, at the end of which time 
Mr. Simmons sold out to Seth Doan, who had been the pioneer merchant 
of Southport. Doan & Brown continued in business for ten years. In 
1890, after Mr. Brown had been chosen cashier of the First National 
Bank of Kenosha, his mercantile interests were sold to William Fisher. 
Mr. Brown was cashier of the First National Bank until 1907, was vice 
president until 1909, and then succeeded the late Z. G. Simmons, who 
had been president of the bank for thirty-eight years. 

From an early date in his business career, Mr. Brown was first a 
valued assistant and later a trusted advisor and associate of Z. G. 
Simmons. He sat by the side of that business leader and worked with 
him through two financial panics, and perhaps knew him better than 
any other man. Mr. Brown was secretary of the great Simmons manu- 
facturing industry from 1907 for two years. Especially during the 
later years of the senior Simmons these two business men were very 
closely associated financially, morally and socially. The confidence dis- 
played by Mr. Simmons in his younger associate, has naturally been 
manifested by the general business public, and it can be said that Mr. 
Brown never abused this confidence in the slightest degree. He has 
perhaps as many personal admirers as any banker in the state, and yet 
he retains the modest and unassuming demeanor and quiet business 
efficiency which have marked him since youth. Having made his own 
way in the world, he appreciates many things that escape the notice of 
men who have not had that experience, and while a thorough judge 
of human nature and conservative in all his policies of banking, he has 
at the same time proved a liberal and generous factor in his community. 

On May 31, 1877, Mr. Brown married the daughter of his former 
business associate, Miss Minnie Doan. They have one daughter, Edith 
M. Brown. 

Walter Dickson Corrigan has been engaged in the practice of 
law since 1897. He has attained high rank in his profession through 
his learning, industry, ability and character, while he is no less valued 
in the community as a liberal-minded and enterprising citizen. Be- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1241 

longing to that class of professional men who value their education the 
more because it has been self-gained, his career since early boyhood 
has been one of tireless industry and well-directed effort, finally result- 
ing in the attainment of well-deserved success. He is now a member of 
the leading law firm of Glicksman, Gold & Corrigan. 

Mr. Corrigan is a native son of Wisconsin, having been born Decem- 
ber 28, 1875, in the town of Almond, Portage County. Be is of Irish 
and Scotch-English descent. He was reared to manhood on a Portage 
County farm, by his grandfather, Walter Dickson, who had coin.- as 
a pioneer to Wisconsin in 1844, and his early education was secured 
in the district schools of that vicinity. A youth of ambitious ideas. 
he early decided upon the law as his life work, and with thai end in 
view, devoted himself assiduously to his tasks on the farm ami as a 
school teacher, to secure the necessary means with which to secure 
an education. After attending the high schools of Gram I Rapids 
and Almond, Wisconsin, Mr. Corrigan entered the Iowa State College, 
Ames, Iowa, and on graduation therefrom continued to pursue his 
studies in Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, where he received 
his law degree in 1896. At twenty-one years of age, he was admitted 
to the bar and establish himself in practice in Waushara county. 
Central Wisconsin was his field of endeavor until September 1, 1905, 
when his advent in Milwaukee occurred. In October, 1906, he be- 
came general attorney for the Wisconsin Central Railway Company, 
and November 1, 1908, was made general solicitor for that road, but 
resigned his position May 1, 1909, to enter general practice as a member 
of the firm of Glicksman, Gold & Corrigan, with which firm he has 
ever since been connected. Mr. Corrigan 's inclinations have led him 
to engage chiefly in what is known as trial work, and he has become 
distinguished in this line throughout the Northwest. He was district 
attorney of Waushara county from January. 1899. to January. 1901. 
and assistant attorney general of Wisconsin from January. 1903, to 
September 1, 1905, when he resigned to commence practice in Mil 
waukee. He has had no amibition for mere office holding. Within 
the last few years he has declined to be considered for several im- 
portant offices, including judgeships, and these declinations have come 
when there was more than fair promise of success. He has. however, 
been more or less active for years in giving such time as he could 
spare to the movement in Wisconsin generally known as the Progres- 
sive Republican movement. He has been a member ot the Republican 
State Central Committee, and is a highly regarded and very effective 
campaign speaker. He has, however, made all activities subservient 
to his professional duties. He has been a member of the OAd Fellows 
since 1897; the Masons since 1898. and the Elks since 1903. In the 
matter of religion, to ([note Mr. Corrigan 's own words: "Like unto 
each and every man, I have my own religion." 



1242 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

He has a beautiful home on Whitefish Bay, suburban to Milwaukee. 
His business offices are at 625-630 Caswell Block. 

William Wright Vincent. Holding prestige as one of the repre- 
sentative figures in the manufacturing and commercial circles of the 
thriving city of Kenosha, Mr. Vincent is here president of the Vincent- 
Alward Company, which is the direct successor of the Windsor Spring 
Company, the present corporate title having been adopted on the 1st 
of January, 1913, and the substantial enterprise conducted by the com- 
pany constituting a definite contribution to the industrial precedence 
of the city and county of Kenosha. Mr. Vincent is a native son of the 
county that now represents his home and is a scion of one of the ster- 
ling and well known pioneer families of this section of the state. He 
has had ample experience in connection with manufacturing and com- 
mercial activities and his advancement to his present position stands in 
evidence of his ability and well ordered endeavors. As one of the pro- 
gressive business men and loyal and public-spirited citizens of Kenosha 
he is well entitled to specific recognition in this history of Wisconsin. 

On the family homestead, in the west division of Kenosha, William 
W. Vincent was born on the 20th of July, 1869, and he is a son of 
William C. and Mary (Leach) Vincent, both of whom were born in 
England. In 1856 William C. Vincent, who was then a young man 
and still a bachelor, severed the ties that bound him to his native land 
and came to the United States, where he was assured of better oppor- 
tunities for the attaining of independence and prosperity through indiv- 
idual effort. He remained for a short period in the state of New York 
and finally came to Wisconsin. He established his residence at South- 
port, the little village which formed the nucleus of the present fine 
city of Kenosha. He engaged in the manufacturing of matches, and 
after conducting business in this line of industry for a period of about 
six years he purchased a small farm on what is now the West side of 
the city of Kenosha, where he turned his attention to market gardening. 
He built up a prosperous enterprise, gained secure hold upon the con- 
fidence and esteem of the community and was known and honored as a 
loyal citizen of ability and inviolable integrity. He continued to reside 
on his homestead place until his death, which occurred in 1903, and 
his wife still survives him, as do also all of their seven children. Mr. 
Vincent was a staunch Republican in his political proclivities, was affi- 
liated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and Avas a con- 
sistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church, with which his 
widow also has long been identified as a devout communicant. 

William W. Vincent, the immediate subject of this review, attended 
the county schools of Kenosha until he had attained to the age of four- 
teen years, when he became a time-keeper and boarding contractor in 
the employ of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1243 

with the service of which he continued to be thus identified for eight- 
een months. Thereafter he did contract work in ballast burning for 
the Wabash Railroad and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Pe Railroad, in 
which connection he gained valuable business experience. At the age 
of 21 years Mr. Vincent entered upon an apprenticeship to the trade 
of tool-making, in which he became an expert workman, and from 1896 
to 1898 he held the position of chief engineer for the Simmons Manu- 
facturing Company, of Kenosha. In the latter year he was advanced 
to the office of assistant general superintendent of that company. His 
effective service in this capacity continued four years, at the expiration 
of which he became general superintendent and second vice-president 
of the corporation noted. This dual office he retained until 1912. when 
he purchased the plant and business of the Windsor Spring Company, 
engaged in the manufacturing of sanitary couches and all kinds of 
springs. This company was organized in 1897, by P. C. Hannah, 
Frank Chesley and B. F. Windsor, and after the death of Mr. Windsor. 
Mr. Vincent assumed control of the enterprise, in which he became asso- 
ciated with Vaughn Lee Alward. The enterprise was thereafter con- 
tinued under the original title until the 1st of January, 1913, when the 
name was changed to its present form, the Vincent- Alward Company, 
Mr. Vincent being president and treasurer of the company and Mr. 
Alward holding the offices of vice-president and secretary. Under the 
new regime, marked by most progressive policies, the business had been 
significantly expanded in scope and importance, and Mr. Vincent has 
secure vantage ground as one of the successful and representative busi- 
ness men of the city which has been his home' during virtually his entire 
life and in the civic and material prosperity of which he maintains a 
most loyal interest. He is a member of the Kenosha Manufacturers' 
Association and is a member of the directorate of the Merchants' 
Savings Bank of Kenosha. He is also actively identified with the Em- 
ployers' Mutual Liability Insurance Company of Wisconsin, is a director 
of the Wisconsin Young Men's Christian Association and is president of 
the Kenosha association of this noble organization. 

In politics Mr. Vincent accords allegiance to the Republican party, 
he has attained to the thirty second degree of the Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite of Masonry, is affiliated with the Benevolent & Protective 
Order of Elks, is actively concerned with the affairs of the Associated 
Charities of Kenosha, where he also holds membership in the Hiir Sister 
Association and the Automobile Club, besides which he is a member of 
the Chicago Athletic Association, a representative organization in the 
great western metropolis. Both he .and his wife are communicants of 
St. Matthew's church, Protestant Episcopal, in their home city, and 
are popular factors in connection with the representative social activi- 
ties of the community. 

On the 10th of January, 1900. was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 



1244 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Vincent to Miss Mary Marguerite Vollmer, of Kenosha, and they have 
three children, whose names, with respective dates of birth, are here 
noted: Roger V., February 26, 1901; William W., Jr., June 6, 1906; 
and Helen V., March 7, 1910. 

Rev. Samuel William Herman Daib. A life of service, conspicuous 
in its accomplishments, has been that of Rev. Daib of Merrill. Nearly 
thirty years ago, a young recruit in the Lutheran ministry, he began 
preaching, organizing, and performing the manifold tasks of the mis- 
sionary in the northern Wisconsin. Many flourishing churches date 
their beginning from the efforts of the devoted missionary. Then, 
having proved his power in extending and building up the influence of 
his church, he was called to the pastorate at Merrill, .where he has lived 
and ministered to his people for a quarter of a century. At the pres- 
ent time as president of "the Wisconsin District of the German Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio and other States," that being 
the official title of this Synod, Rev. Daib is one of the foremost church- 
men of his denomination in Wisconsin, and still full of vigor at the 
zenith of his career, and with the prospect of many useful years before 
him. 

Rev. Daib is pastor of the St. Johannes Evangelical Lutheran church 
of Merrill, and has served as pastor of this organization since September, 
1888. Samuel William Herman Daib was born in Berne township of 
Fairfield county, Ohio, August 26, 1862, a son of Rev. J. L. and Elise 
(Zelt) Daib. Rev. J. L. Daib was pastor of a Lutheran church in Berne 
township of Fairfield county, and a short time after the birth of his 
son Herman removed with his family to Grand Rapids, Michigan, where 
he had accepted a call to a Lutheran church. The home of the family 
was at Grand Rapids until 1870, when the father moved to Waupaca 
county, Wisconsin, remaining there two years, then became pastor of a 
Lutheran church in Oshkosh, and it was in Oshkosh that Herman Daib 
received most of his early schooling, in the Trinity Lutheran Parochial 
school. After finishing his preparatory course, he entered Concordia 
College, a preparatory college for theological students, at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana. While he was a student there his father accepted a call to a 
Lutheran church in Indiana, and was identified with his pastoral duties 
in Indiana, until 1892. Then on account of ill health he resigned from 
his church at Friedheim, in Adams county, Indiana, and his death oc- 
curred at Fort Wayne, December 31, 1894. 

Rev. Herman Daib had entered Concordia College at Fort Wayne, 
in 1875, graduated in 1881, and then entered the Lutheran Theological 
Seminary of St. Louis, where he was graduated in 1884. His first regu- 
lar work in the ministry was at Wittenberg, Wisconsin, where he took 
charge of the missionary work over a large field extending up as far as 
Ironwood, Michigan. His service included his supervision of eighteen 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1245 

different missionary stations, most of which were organized under his 
direction. As railroads in northern Wisconsin at the time gave very 
inferior service for passenger business and none whatever on Sundays, 
Rev. Dail) was quite often a passenger on a hand-car and made use of his 
"Tie-Pass." To reach the missionary stations, as far as 20 miles from 
the railroad he had to travel horseback or foot-back. Thus in the days 
which marked the climax of the great lumber industry of northern Wis- 
consin and Michigan, he traveled through hundreds of miles of the 
northern woods and put up with all the hardships and limited comforts 
of that time and place. 

At the end of three years as a missionary, Rev. Daib took charge 
of the northern portion of his territory, and his headquarters hecame 
Antigo. From there he received his call in 1888 to take charge of the 
present church at Merrill. This place had been started as a mission in 
1872, and was organized as a congregation in 1876. During its earlier 
years the people worshipped in a frame structure at the extreme east- 
ern side of Merrill. In 1892 was built the present fine brick church 
at the corner of Poplar and Third streets. The first parochial school- 
house of this congregation was erected in 1883, at which time the con- 
gregation received Rev. Paul Lueke as their first resident pastor. In 
1901 was built a fine brick parsonage adjoining the church on Third 
Street and in 1903 a new modern parochial school. "St. Johannes" 
congregation now has over seven hundred and fifty communicants. 
while the parochial school has a staff of three teachers and two hundred 
and fifteen pupils. In connection with the central church organization 
are a number of auxiliary bodies, including the St. John's church band, 
the Ladies' Aid Society, the Senior and Junior Young People's Society. 
the Singing Choir under- the direction of William E. Kammrath. one 
of the parochial teachers. 

The Wisconsin District of the German Evangelical Lutheran Synod 
of Missouri, Ohio and other States of which Rev. Daib is president is 
one of the largest districts in this organization. It comprises one hun- 
dred and eighty-two pastors, two hundred and eighty-eight congrega- 
tions, besides seventy-seven mission stations. There are over 110,500 
souls and 70,155 communicant members in this district. There are also 
231 parochial schools and 10,410 school children. 

In April, 1888, Rev. Daib was married to Hermine Dicke of Cecil, 
Shawano county, Wisconsin, a daughter of the late Rev. P. 11. Dicke. 
a pioneer Lutheran minister of Wisconsin. Mr. and Mrs. Daib are the 
parents of five children, namely: Rev. Herbert Daib. pastor o\' the 
Lutheran church at Hope, in North Dakota, and a graduate from the 
St. Louis Theological Seminary in 1912; Kurt, a student at Concordia 
College in Milwaukee; Eleanor; Margaret; and Walter. 



1246 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Henry Haertel. Though a comparative newcomer in Stevens 
Point, Henry Haertel has since he located here in business come to be 
regarded as one of the business men of the community who are to be 
reckoned with and who will make a place for himself in the ranks of the 
prosperous and successful men of the city. He believes in the effi- 
cacy of printers' ink and knows that it "pays to advertise,"' and as a 
man of wholesome and steadfast character and principles, is a valuable 
addition to the community of his choice. As a manufacturer and dealer 
in granite and marble monuments he is carrying on a thriving business 
at the corner of Strongs avenue and Crooked Way, and his plant is 
one of the busy spots in his locality. He has been located here since 
1901. 

Henry Haertel was born in Chicago, Illinois, on July 23, 1871, and 
he is a son of Henry Haertel, Sr., a native of Germany, who came to 
the United States in early manhood with his wife, Augusta Haertel, 
and one son. They located in Chicago, and there the head of the fam- 
ily followed stone cutting, later engaging in the monument business 
on his own responsibility and continuing therein most successfully for 
about thirty years. He did well enough in his business that in later 
life he was able to retire from active work, and he is now residing in 
Petoskey, Michigan, with his wife. To them were born a large family, 
thirteen children in all, of which number ten are yet living. The father 
came of that thrifty class of Germans who believed in putting the youth 
of the family to work as soon as it was practicable, and so it came about 
that each of his sons learned the marble cutting trade under him, and 
five of them are now conducting monument businesses of their own. 

Henry Haertel, the immediate subject of this review, was the third 
eldest of the living children of his parents. He spent the early part, 
of his life in Chicago, his birthplace, and was educated in the public 
schools of that city to the age of 15. At that time, when the average 
boy of the means his parents possessed is still at school, he began 
working in his father's shop. That was in the days when all the work 
was being done by hand, prior to the days of pneumatic tools, and the 
boy learned every detail of the business under the careful direction 
of his father. After working thus for several years he struck out for 
himself, and for the next few years he worked at different places, gain- 
ing valuable experience in the business and at the same time seeing the 
country. He visited in forty different states in the Union, traveling 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Gulf to the Lakes. 

In 1901 Mr. Haertel came to Stevens Point, and here established 
his present business. From the start it gave promise of being an ex- 
cellent success, and his expectations have not been disappointed. In 
1912 Mr. Haertel erected all new buildings and using all pneumatic tools 
in the shop, he is prepared to execute all kinds of stone work for con- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1247 

struction and cemetery work of every description, including lettering in 
English, German, Polish, French, etc. 

Being a comparative stranger Mr. Haertel has made it a point to 
make known his business throughout this section of the state, and in 
1912 he covered an area of some nine thousand miles in his automobile, 
canvassing for future business. His business as a result of this judicious 
advertising extends into nine different counties. 

On May 2, 1903, Mr. Haertel was married to Miss Elizabeth Gaetz, 
a native daughter of Stevens Point, whose parents were early pioneers 
of Portage county. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Haertel in- 
clude two living sons, Harold and George, and two who died in 
infancy. 

Mr. Haertel is what might be called a home man. Being at the 
works all day, he takes a great pleasure in devoting his evenings to 
making the acquaintance of his little family, the home of which is 
maintained at No. 342 Water street. He is a member of the Lutheran 
church, and with his wife, is quite prominent in the city as they x enjoy a 
wide acquaintance, and a host of genial friends are theirs. 

Frank L. Gilbert, present popular and efficient incumbent of the 
office of collector of internal revenue for the Second district of Wiscon- 
sin, has gained a position of distinctive priority as one of the represen- 
tative members of the bar of the state and he has served with marked 
credit in a number of official positions of important trust and respon- 
sibility. He has gained success and prestige through his own endeav- 
ors and thus the more honor is due him for his earnest labors in his 
exacting profession and for the precedence he has gained in his ehosen 
vocation. 

A native son of the good old Badger state. Frank L. Gilbert was born 
at Arena, Iowa county, Wisconsin. March 3. 1864. He is a son of James 
and Mary (Lynch) Gilbert, the former of whom was born in Greenwich 
county, New York, in 1829, and the latter of whom was a native of 
Ireland. The father was educated in the common schools of his native 
place and came to Wisconsin as a young man, locating in Arena, where 
he was interested in stage lines. In 1863 he enlisted for service in the 
Civil war as a member of the Thirty-third Regiment of Wisconsin Vol- 
unteers and later he was transferred to Company O. Thirty-fifth Wis- 
consin Volunteer Infantry. He died in 1864 while in service, lie was 
a Republican in his political eonvictions and ever manifested a deep 
and sincere interest in community and national affairs. He and Ids 
wife were the parents of three children, as follows: Mary B. is the wife 
of Edgar Billington, of Arena. Wisconsin ; William J. hist Iiis life by 
accident when thirteen years of age: and Frank L. is the immediate 
subject of this review. 



1248 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

After completing the course of studies required for graduation in 
the Mazomanie high school, Mr. Gilbert entered the University of Wis- 
consin, in the law department of which institution he was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1899, duly receiving the degree of Bach- 
elor of Laws. He initiated the active practice of his profession at Madi- 
son, entering into a partnership alliance with Russell Jackson. Sub- 
sequently the firm became that of Gilbert, Jackson & Ela and the same 
controls an extensive and lucrative law clientage in Dane county. In 
1902 Mr. Gilbert was honored by his fellow citizens with election to the 
office of district attorney of Dane county and he was re-elected to that 
position in 1904. In 1906 he was further honored by election to the 
office of attorney general of Wisconsin, in which capacity he likewise 
served two terms. July 27, 1911, he was appointed collector of inter- 
nal revenue for the Second district of Wisconsin and he is filling that 
office at the present time, in 1912. In politics he is aligned as a stanch 
supporter of the principles and policies for which the Republican party 
stands sponsor and he has long been an active factor in the local councils 
of that organization. He is one of the great lawyers of the Wisconsin 
bar. Honorable in business, loyal in citizenship, charitable in thought, 
kindly in action, true to every trust confided to his care, his life stands 
for the highest type of christian manhood. 

In connection with the work of his profession Mr. Gilbert is affi- 
liated with the Dane County Bar Society and with the State Bar Associa- 
tion. In fraternal way he is connected with Knights of Columbus, 
in which he has held the office of supreme deputy of Wisconsin ; and he 
is likewise a member of the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks, the 
Catholic Order of Foresters, the Woodmen of the World and the Modern 
Woodmen of America. In religious matters he is a devout communicant 
of the Catholic church. 

December 6, 1899, Mr. Gilbert married Miss Mayme L. Kylen, who 
was born in DeKalb, Illinois, and who is a daughter of Andrew H. and 
Mary (Sawanson) Kylen. Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert have no children.. 

Hon. John O'Day. Member of the Wisconsin General Assembly 
from Lincoln county, now in his second term, Hon. John O'Day has 
lived in Merrill since 1881, when he was distinguished chiefly as an 
experienced worker in the lumber industry, but up to that point of 
his career was only one among hundreds or thousands. The lumber 
interests of Wisconsin have produced many able figures in the com- 
mercial and civic activities of the state, and one of them is John 
O'Day, who for years has probably done as much as any other indi- 
vidual to uphold the prestige of Merrill as an industrial and business 
center. 

John O'Day is a native of England, where he was born June 28, 
]856. a son of Bartholomew and Mary (McNamira) O'Day. When 







J 01 IX O'DAY 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1249 

he was a baby nine months old, his parents immigrated to America, 
and when he was four years old they located on a farm two and a 
half miles from Grand Rapids, Wisconsin. It was on that farm thai 
John O'Day grew up and received the influences and training which 
shaped his character and abilities for his varied accomplishments. 
Both his parents died in Grand Rapids, the mother in April, 1883, 
and the father in January, 1900. The country schools near his home 
at Grand Rapids were the source of his education, and when still a 
boy he took to the woods to earn his living. As a day laborer he 
followed the trails and the lumber camps of northern Wisconsin 
until 1881, and then located at Merrill, which city has since been his 
residence and headquarters. He came to Merrill to become foreman 
for the T. B. Scott Lumber Company, but on arriving refused to accept 
the proposition they made him and instead took up work as driver of 
an ox team in the employ of that company. He did that kind of 
work during the winter of 1881-82, and in the spring of 1882 the com- 
pany accepted his terms and made him foreman. Later he was pro- 
moted to the rank of walking boss, and filled that responsible position 
thirteen years. Then in partnership with the late John Dailey of 
Grand Rapids he bought the logging output of the T. B. Scott Lumber 
Company and the firm of O'Day & Dailey became one of the live and 
enterprising factors in the lumber business of Northern Wisconsin. 
Its association and business were continued prosperously until 190S, 
when the partnership was dissolved through the accidental death of 
Mr. Dailey. Though his lumbering operations covered a large scope 
of territory, Mr. O'Day made his home at Merrill through all these 
years. In 1900 Mr. O'Day organized the Merrill Iron Works Com- 
pany, became president of that industry, owning practically all its 
stock, and conducted it until the fall of 1912, when lie sold out. 

Both in business and in public affairs, Mr. O'Day has had a large 
part in the history of Merrill during recent years. In 1907 he served 
one term as mayor. He has been vice president and a director of the 
Merrill Railway & Lighting Company, almost since the inception of 
that company twenty years ago. He is vice president and a director 
of the Grandfather Falls Paper Manufacturing Company of Merrill, 
a large concern organized about 1905, and having a capital stork 
of $400,000. He is a director in the Citizens National Bank of Merrill. 
In 1882, Mr. O'Day was married to Miss Mary Stillwell of Grand 
Rapids, Wisconsin, a daughter of the late Oliver Stillwell. Their 
three children are Ethel M., Guy W., and Leslie J. .Mr. O'Day and 
family are communicants of the Catholic church, he is active in the 
order of Knights of Columbus, and up to January 1. 1913, served as 
Grand Knight of the Merrill Lodge. In politics lie is a loyal 
Democrat. 



1250 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

James C. Anckebsen. The president of the Anckersen-Hansen Com- 
pany, wholesale grocers in the city of Oshkosh, has here maintained his 
home since his boyhood days and in his sterling character and worthy 
achievement he has proved himself not only a staunch scion of the Scan- 
dinavian element which has played a most important part in the develop- 
ment and upbuilding of Wisconsin but has also signally honored the state 
in which his advancement has been the direct result of his own ability 
and well directed endeavors. He was a lad of thirteen years at the time 
of the family immigration to America and has continuously maintained 
his home in Oshkosh during the intervening period of more than thirty 
years. Here he has advanced from a position of subordinate order in a 
local retail establishment to that of executive head of one of the most 
important and prosperous commercial concerns of the city, so there are 
manifold reasons for according to him special recognition in this publica- 
tion. In the most significant sense a representative business man and 
loyal and progressive citizen of Oshkosh, Mr. Anckersen is well known 
and highly esteemed in the community that has long been his home 
and he stands as a true type of the self-made man, — one who has had the 
ability to grasp opportunities and to make the most of the same. 

James C. Anckersen was born in Denmark, on the 29th of June, 1868, 
and is a son of Christian and Laura (Hansen) Anckersen, representa- 
tives of sterling old families of that fine nation of the far Norseland. 
In his native land Christian Anckersen received excellent educational 
advantages and there also he learned the trade of watchmaking, in which 
he became a specially expert artisan. In 1881 he immigrated with his 
family to the United States and established his residence in Oshkosh. 
where he engaged in the work of his trade and finally developed a pros- 
perous jewelry business. His life was spared only a decade after he came 
to America, and his death occurred in 1891. He had gained secure place 
in the confidence and good will of the people of Oshkosh and was a man 
whose life was ordered on a high plane of integrity and honor. His 
wife did not long survive him, as she was summoned to the life eternal 
in 1894, both having been zealous members of the Lutheran church. Of 
their six children one son and six daughters living, and of the number 
the subject of this review was the fourth in order of birth. 

In the excellent schools of his native land James C. Anckersen gained 
his early education and he was about thirteen years of age at the time 
when the family set forth for America. His father's financial resources 
at the time were very limited and the major part of the further educa- 
tion of the son came as the result of self-discipline and active association 
with the practical affairs of life. Soon after the family home had been 
established in Oshkosh he here obtained a position in the grocery store 
of Voight & Wendorff. and his stipend was set at the figure of two dol- 
lars a week. Later he worked for F. Herrmann. He rapidly acquired 
facility in the English language and in business affairs he soon developed 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1251 

distinctive ability. He was a youth of vigorous purpose and much am- 
bition, and thus his advancement was virtually assured, lie continued 
in the employ of Mr. Herrmann for thirteen years and became a valued 
and efficient salesman and executive. 

In 1894 Mr. Anckersen initiated his independent business career by 
opening a retail grocery. This he conducted successfully in an individual 
way for two years, at the expiration of which, in 1896, he formed a part- 
nership with "William H. St. John, with whom he was thereafter most 
pleasingly associated in the same line of enterprise for a period of seven 
years, the title of the firm having been Anckersen & St. John and the 
business having eventually become one of the most substantial and nour- 
ishing of its kind in the city. At the expiration of the period noted 
Mr. Anckersen sold his interest in the business and thereafter he con- 
ducted in an individual way another retail grocery establishment until 
he found that his resources justified him in expanding the held of his 
operations by entering the wholesale grocery trade. In 1908 he became 
associated with Fred W. Hansen in the organization of a stock com- 
pany for this purpose, and the same was duly incorporated under the 
present title of the Anckersen-Hansen Company. The concern has a 
large and well equipped establishment and the same is one of the leading 
commercial concerns of Oshkosh. A select and comprehensive stock is 
supplemented by the best of facilities in all departments, and the house 
now controls an extensive and constantly expanding trade throughout 
the territory normally tributary to Oshkosh as a distributing center. 
Mr. Anckersen is president of the company and his wife holds the office 
of vice-president. F. W. Hansen is secretary and treasurer and, like his 
honored coadjutor, is one of the alert aud representative business men 
of Oshkosh. 

Mr. Anckersen takes a lively interest in all that touches' the welfare 
of his home city and is ever ready to lend his assistance in the support 
of measures tending to advance its civic and material interests. His 
political allegiance is given to the Republican party. He is affiliated with 
the Danish Brotherhood, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
the Associated United Commercial Travelers Association. 

November 25, 1895, stands as the date of the marriage of Mr. Ancker- 
sen to Miss Bertha Elser, of Oshkosh, who likewise was l>orn in 
Milwaukee. Mr. and Mrs. Anckersen have two sons. Leo and Alvin. 

Albert Gregory Zimmerman. The life of every man before the pub- 
lic possesses interest to his fellow-citizens, particularly if his abilities have 
elevated him to honorable office in which he has displayed honest effort 
and fidelity in the performance of its responsibilities. Pre-eminently is 
this true when judicial position is involved, and especially is interest 
excited when the subject is so well known and honored a man as the 11 • 
Albert Gregory Zimmerman, county judge of Dane county, and a legist 

Vol. V— 1 6 



1252 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

and jurist who has at all times maintained the honor and dignity of the 
Wisconsin bench and bar. Judge Zimmerman was born at Elgin, Fay- 
ette county, Iowa, July 23, 1862, and is a son of George and Henrietta 
(Capp) Zimmerman. 

The paternal grandparents of Judge Zimmerman, Joseph and Maria 
Ann Zimmerman, came to this country during the early fifties and located 
in Buffalo, New York. Their eldest son, George was born in the prov- 
ince of Bavaria, Germany, in 1836, and in young manhood drifted West 
to Ohio, later to Illinois and Iowa, and then to Prairie du Chien, Wis- 
consin, where he followed his trade of wagon maker, and became a manu- 
facturer of carriages. Soon after his marriage he removed to Elgin, 
Fayette county, Iowa. Soon after the war he came to Wisconsin where 
he continued in the same business until 1905, that year marking his re- 
tirement from active business affairs, and he now makes his home at Mt. 
Hope, Grant county, Wisconsin. During the Civil War, he enlisted in 
Company H, of the Thirty-eighth Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry, 
participating in all the engagements in which his regiment took part, 
and being active in the Siege of Vicksburg, in the storming of Fort 
Blakeley and in the taking of Mobile. He is a valued comrade of the local 
post of the Grand Army of the Republic, and his political support has 
ever been given to the Republican party. He married Henrietta Capp, 
who was born in Prussia in 1840, and they have been the parents of two 
daughters and five sons, of whom all but one survive. One son, Oscar S., 
enlisted in Company K, Third Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
during the Spanish-American War, and died in the service while his regi- 
ment was in Porto Rico. 

Albert Gregory Zimmerman received his early education in the schools 
of Grant county, Wisconsin, and at the age of seventeen years adopted the 
profession of educator, passing the next ten years in alternately attend- 
ing and teaching in the public schools. He entered Valparaiso Univer- 
sity, Indiana, being graduated therefrom in 1885, when he organized the 
high school at Bloomington, Grant county, Wisconsin, where he acted in 
the capacity of principal until 1889. At that time, having decided 
upon a legal career, he became a student in the University of Wisconsin, 
was graduated in law in 1890, and in that year formed a partnership 
with Mr. Roe, practicing under the firm name of Roe & Zimmerman for 
a short period, when the firm became LaFollette, Harper, Roe & Zim- 
merman, and continued as such until 1894. Mr. Zimmerman then en- 
gaged in practice alone, and was so engaged in January, 1902, when 
he became county judge of Dane county, an office he has continued to 
fill with eminent ability to the present time. For some years he has 
been attorney for the Western Union Telegraph Company in Western 
Wisconsin, and for two years was president of the Wisconsin County 
Judges Association. He has written a number of legal stories for law 
and other magazines, and is said to be engaged in the preparation of 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1253 

an extensive work on probate law and practice. In 1888 Judge Zimmer- 
man became a member of Patch Grove Lodge, A. F. & A. M., in Grant 
county, but later demitted, and is now connected with Madison Lodge 
No. 5, and also holds membership in Madison Lodge No. 410, B. P. 0. E. 
His political support is given to the Republican party. 

Judge Zimmerman was married August 17, 1892, to Miss Nell 
Brown, who was born at Bloomington, Wisconsin, daughter of Daniel 
F. and Clara (Brooks) Brown, the former a native of Ohio who died in 
1905 at the age of seventy-six years, and the latter a native of New 
Hampshire, died in 1913. Daniel F. Brown came to the territory of 
Wisconsin in 1846 with his parents, locating at Patch Grove, Grant 
county, where he resided until 1853. In that year he made the trip over- 
land to California, spending some nine or ten years in mining in the 
West, and then returning to Grant county and engaging in the general 
merchandise business at Bloomington. He became one of the prominent 
men of Grant county, and was widely known in political circles, serving 
as chairman of the county board and in various other offices. He was 
a Democrat after 1872, having formerly supported the principles of the 
Republican party. 

Judge Zimmerman has occupied a place of high credit and distinc- 
tion among the leaders of the legal profession, and he has been a con- 
spicuous and influential force as a leading citizen interested in the im- 
portant public movements of the day. The sound judgment, the well- 
balanced judicial mind, the intellectual honesty and freedom from bias 
which are required in a judge — these attributes have all been his and 
have enabled him to maintain the best traditions of the judicial office, 

John A. Kelly. Though he has passed virtually his entire life in 
Wisconsin, this well known and representative attorney of law claims 
the historic old "Hub" city as the place of his nativity. He is en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession in the city of Oconomowoc and 
is one of the able and successful members of the bar of the state, even 
as he is a citizen of utmost loyalty and progressiveness. 

Mr. Kelly was born in the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on the 3d 
of September, 1856, and is a son of Ferdinand and Elizabeth (McCurdy) 
Kelly, both of whom were born in Ireland, representatives of staunch old 
families of the fair Emerald Isle. Ferdinand Kelly was reared and 
educated in his native land, whence he immigrated to America when 
a young man, in 1850. He engaged in farming near the city of Roston, 
where he remained until 1862, when he came to Wisconsin and num- 
bered himself among the pioneers of Waukesha county. He secured a 
tract of land near the present village of Delafield, and there developed 
a valuable farm, becoming one of the honored citizens and prosperous 
agriculturists of that part of the county. He was a man of sterling 
character and indefatigable industry, alert of mentality and animated 



1254 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

by kindliness and consideration in his association with his fellow men, 
both he and his devoted wife having at all times held inviolable place 
in the confidence and esteem of all who knew them. "* They remained on 
the old homestead farm until 1890, when they removed to Oconomowoc, 
one of the attractive little cities of the county in which they had long 
maintained their home, and there Ferdinand Kelly lived virtually retired 
until his death, which occurred in 1910, his loved companion having 
passed to the life eternal about a year previously, so that "in death 
they were not long divided." Both were sincere and zealous com- 
municants of the Catholic church and in politics the father was a staunch 
supporter of the cause of the Democratic party. Of the five children 
one son and three daughters survive the honored parents, and of the 
five John A., of this review, was the second in order of birth. Ferdinand 
Kelly contributed his quota to the industrial and social development of 
Waukesha county and his name merits a place on the roll of its sterling 
pioneers, for he here lived and labored to goodly ends for a period of 
nearly a half century. 

Reared under the invigorating discipline of the home farm, John 
A. Kelly gained his early educational discipline in the public schools 
of the vicinity, and shortly before attaining to his legal majority he 
entered Sacred Heart College, at Watertown, where he pursued higher 
academic or literary studies for one year. He began the reading of law 
under the effective preceptorship of Judge Rufus C. Hathaway, of 
Oconomowoc, and through his close application and receptive mental 
powers he made rapid advancement in his technical study, with the 
result that he proved himself eligible for and was admitted to the bar 
of the state in June, 1884. He forthwith engaged in active practice in 
Oconomowoc, where he has continuously maintained his residence since 
thus serving his professional novitiate and where he has gained distinct 
precedence as a specially resourceful and versatile trial lawyer and well 
equipped counselor. At the beginning of his professional career Mr. 
Kelly formed a partnership with Samuel Hammond, under the title of 
Kelly & Hammond, and this alliance continued one year. For the en- 
suing year Mr. Kelly was associated in practice with Judge Edward W. 
Hale, under the firm name of Kelly & Hale, and thereafter he was senior 
member of the law firm of Kelly & Carswell until 1893, his coadjutor 
having been Joseph Carswell. Since that year he has conducted an in- 
dividual professional business, and his practice has long been one of 
important and representative order, in connection with which he has 
appeared in many notable litigations in both the state and federal courts 
of Wisconsin. 

A staunch and effective advocate of the principles of the Democratic 
party, Mr. Kelly has given yeoman service in behalf of its cause and he 
has been called upon to serve in various offices of local trust. From 1884 
to 1886 inclusive, he was city clerk of Oconomowoc ; he has been a mem- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1255 

ber of the city board of aldermen; he served eight years as justice of 
the peace; and he is a court commissioner of said county at the time of 
this writing. He takes a loyal interest in all that touches the welfare 
of his home city and county and is essentially progressive and liberal 
in his civic attitude. He is a member of the Waukesha County Bar 
Association and the Wisconsin State Bar Association, and is at the 
present time special attorney for the First National Bank of Oconomo- 
woc. Both he and his wife are earnest communicants of the Catholic 
church. 

Mr. Kelly has been twice wedded, — first, in 1885, to .Miss Anna 
Dougherty, who died in 1898, and who is survived by no children. On 
the 7th of November, 1900, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Kelly to 
Miss Anna Hybers, and of their five children four are living. — Maria, 
J., Elizabeth, Margaret B. and Thomas A. 

Leonard W. Gay, though but in the prime of life, has been instru- 
mental, by his energy and initiative, in the construction of many resi- 
dences and business blocks in Madison, and in developing suburban 
property, around Madison. He has also acquired for himself a reputation 
for sagacity in land investments that extends his business relations to 
many parts of the state. Mr. Gay is the eldest son of the late Matthew 
H. Gay, who came to this country from Stroud, England, in 1849 and 
settled in Madison about the same time that his future wife Sarah Cath- 
cart Story, born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, came to Madison 
with her mother, Mrs. Beattie. Mr. Gay, Sr., and Mrs. Beattie both by 
chance bought lots on University avenue, and built homes that stood for 
half a century. It is on this same property where in 1855 his parents 
were married and where he and his six brothers and sisters were brought 
up that Mr. Leonard Gay has recently erected a business block. The 
deeds to the lots given by Chancellor Lathrop of the University are among 
the heirlooms of the family. 

Mr. Leonard Gay may therefore be literally said to have grown up 
with the city. Altho for the first ten years of his young manhood, lie 
followed in his father's footsteps as a merchant tailor, he built his first 
house before he was twenty-one. In 1888 he married Miss Kate Lyon, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel J. Lyon, by whom he has live sons. 
One of his earliest enterprises was the redeeming of the marsh on the 
eastern side of the city in connection with the making of Tennev Park. 
One of the streets opened at this time by him bears the name of his sec- 
ond son Sidney, then a. baby, now a recent graduate of the State I'ni- 
versity. In 1899, Mr. Gay publish-d a new Atlas of Dane county, origi- 
nal surveys and plates for this work, being made under his supervision. 
Mr. Gay is at the present time actively engaged in developing a number 
of suburban properties. On what is known as Wingra on the old "Mars- 
ton" farm, which he acquired a few years ago. a veritable village has 



1256 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

sprung up. The Monona Bay Subdivision is being built up with sub- 
stantial dwellings, and he is one of the controlling spirits in the Lake 
Forest Land Company that is handling the former Vilas property across 
Lake Wingra. A few years ago, he entered into partnership with Mr. 
C. B. Chapman and among their joint enterprises is the erection of the 
fine business block now in process of construction on the property of 
the Capitol square which they have taken on a lease for 99 years, the 
first lease of this sort drawn in Madison. 

L. N. Anson. While Mr. Anson has for thirty years been a resident 
of Merrill, and among this city's most enterprising and substantial 
citizens, his business interests have been so extensive and widespread 
as to entitle him to claim identity with the great Northwest. During 
this time he has been connected with the lumber interests of several 
States, and has been one of the most extensive manufacturers and 
largest dealers in paper among the many enterprising men whose 
vigor and energy have made that one of the leading industries of 
Wisconsin. Mr. Anson was born in Portage county, Wisconsin, July 
3, 1848, and is a son of Jesse and Maria (Sands) Anson. 

Jesse Anson was born in New York, a descendant of a old New 
England family, and at an early age was left an orphan. When still 
a youth he came West to Illinois, where he met and married Maria 
Sands, also a native of the Empire State, and, like her husband, a 
descendant of one of the old Colonial families of New England. In 
1843 they came to Wisconsin and located at Plover, where the re- 
mainder of their lives were spent, the father dying in 1894, well 
advanced in years. During the Civil War he fought valiantly in a 
Wisconsin volunteer regiment in the Union army, and ever showed 
himself a patriotic and public-spirited citizen. 

L. N. Anson was given a good practical education in the common 
schools of Portage county, Wisconsin, but in March, 1865, laid aside 
his studies to take up arms in the Union cause, as a private in the 
Fifty-Second Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, with which 
he served until the close of the war, in Missouri. He then returned 
to his Portage county home, and soon after went to Chicago, where 
he took a course in Bryant & Stratton's Business College. It was not 
long thereafter that he received his introduction to the lumber busi- 
ness, and in 1883 he came to Merrill, Wisconsin, and formed a co- 
partnership with George F. Gilkey and John Landers, under the firm 
style of Gilkey-Anson Company. The firm purchased a mill which 
became one of the largest and best in the Northwest, but for the past 
few years has not been in operation. The Grandfather Falls Paper 
Mills, of which he is president, were located in Merrill in 1905, but 
while the plant is situated here, the power is secured from Grand- 
father Falls. This is known as one of the largest enterprises of its kind 





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A- 



7 



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HISTORY OF WISCONSIN' 1257 

in the Wisconsin Valley, and has attained its prestige through the 
keen foresight, business ability and intelligent management of its 
directing head. The business qualities that are essential for the man- 
ager of so vast an enterprise are obvious. To push and energy, quick- 
ness to perceive opportunities and courage to grasp them and breadth 
and comprehensiveness of mind, there must be added a capacity for 
organization, as well as attention to detail, and in all of these qual- 
ities Mr. Anson excels. He has interested himself in various other 
enterprises, one of which is the Anson, Gilkey & Hurd Company, of 
Merrill, one of the largest manufacturing plants of the Wisconsin 
Valley, which employs 500 men in the manufacture of sash, doors 
and windows. George M. Anson, Mr. Anson's son, is president of this 
enterprise. Amidst his active business life, Mr. Anson has found 
time and manifested an inclination to perform all the duties of good 
citizenship. As mayor of his adopted city, he gave his fellow-cit- 
izens an excellent and businesslike administration, and this was 
duplicated by his son, George M. Anson, when he occupied the may- 
oralty chair. 

On December 29, 1872, Mr. Anson Avas married to Miss Hannah 
A. Meehan, who was born in Canada, and to this union there have 
been born two children : George M. and Mary T. 

Philip Fox, M. D. It is in connection with the sciences of medicine 
and surgery that Dr. Philip Fox is best entitled to be remembered as 
one of the benefactors of Madison, Wisconsin, a connection which lias 
continued here for a period covering more than thirty-six years. Dur- 
ing this time he has labored assiduously in the alleviation of the ills of 
mankind, and even now, at an age when most men excuse themselves 
from the activities of life, he faithfully gives his time and thought ami 
work to the cause which enlisted the earliest sympathies of his hoy hood 
and the mature interest of his later life. Dr. Fox was born in LaGrange 
county, Indiana, March 27, 1810, and is a son of George W. and Cath- 
erine (Keenan) Fox. 

William M. Fox, the paternal grandfather of Dr. Fox, was horn in 
Ireland, and received his education in the schools of County Westmeath, 
following which he engaged in the mercantile business in his native 
locality. He was later engaged in general merchandising in the city of 
Dublin, whence he came, during the early thirties, to the United States 
on a sailing vessel. His first location was the city of Cleveland. Ohio. 
from whence he moved to Indiana, and finally came to Wisconsin terri- 
tory and entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church, build- 
ing the first church of that faith in Madison, and ending his ministerial 
career in the church at Wauwatosa. Milwaukee county, where his last 
years were spent. 

George W. Fox was born in County Westmeath, Ireland, in May, 



1258 HISTORY- OF WISCONSIN 

1820, and was a lad of fourteen years when he accompanied his mother 
and the other children to America to join his father, who had preceded 
them to this country. Arriving in New York City after a long voyage 
on a sailing vessel, George W. Fox left the family in the metropolis, 
while he and another young man started to go forward and meet his 
father, who was coming to accompany the family across the country, but 
in some way missed him, and finally was compelled to finish the journey 
on foot to Indiana, where the family was united. George "W. Fox com- 
pleted his education in the schools of Indiana, and engaged in the boot 
and shoe business at Lexington, that state, but in 1843- made removal 
to Dane county, Wisconsin, and engaged in farming in Fitchburg town- 
ship, there passing away in 1894, at the age of seventy-four years. 
During the Civil Avar he maintained the stand of a War Democrat, but 
after the close of that struggle became independent in his views and 
attitude. His wife was born in Queens county, Ireland, in 1820, and 
passed away in 1907, having been the mother of seven children, of whom 
one died in infancy, and four of whom are now living, namely : Dr. 
Philip ; Marie, the wife of P. J. Geraughty ; Catherine, the wife of Gar- 
rett Barry; and Adeline, the wife of Daniel Kiser. 

Philip Fox received his early education in the district schools of 
Wisconsin, dividing his time between securing his education and work- 
ing on the home farm, and subsequently went to a private school at 
Sinsinawa, Grant county, Wisconsin. At this time he commenced reading 
medicine in the office of his uncle, Dr. William H. Fox, of Fitchburg, and 
eventually he entered Bellevue Hospital College, New York City, where 
he was graduated with the class of 1863. From March to December .of 
that year he was engaged in practice at Fitchburg, and in the latter 
month was appointed assistant surgeon in the Second Regiment, Wis- 
consin Volunteer Infantry, in the Union army, with which organization 
he continued until July, 1904. Returning to Fitchburg, Dr. Fox became 
associated with his uncle, this professional partnership continuing until 
1870, when Dr. Fox removed to Janesville, Wisconsin. In December, 
1876, he changed his field of endeavor to the city of Madison, and here he 
has given the best years of his life to the care of a large and repre- 
sentative practice. This practice in Madison has not been merely local, 
for the reputation that he has acquired for skill and learning has 
brought patients from all the surrounding country to obtain the skilled 
treatment that has not been available in the vicinity of their Jaomes. 
He has been regarded as a master in his profession, and not content 
with the knowledge which his early study gave, he has kept his eyes 
open to the progress of medicine and surgery and adopted every im- 
provement that the rapid advancement of the sciences has introduced. 
Dr. Fox is a member of the Dane County Medical Society, the Wiscon- 
sin State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, in the 
work of all of which he takes an active and intelligent interest. His 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1250 

acquaintance is large throughout the state, and he has hosts of friends 
and well-wishers. Dr. Fox is a Democrat in politics, but his time lias 
been so devoted to his profession, that he has found no leisure for pub- 
lic life, nor has he desired personal preferment. 

On September 6, 1866, Dr. Fox was married to Anna E. Reynolds, 
who died in 1894, having been the mother of four children, as follows-. 
Dr. Philip R., a graduate of Rush Medical College, Chicago, and known 
as a well known physician and surgeon in Madison; Anna ('.. who is 
single and lives at home; Mary J., the wife of Carl Hilbert; and Dr. 
George W., a prominent physician and surgeon of Milwaukee. 

Lyman Junius Nash was bora at Shelby, Orleans county. New York, 
January 18, 1845, a son of Francis and Catherine Van Burgen < !urtis 
Nash, the former of whom was born in Spencertown, Columbia county. 
New York, September 1, 1804, and the latter of whom was a native of 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, where her birth occurred November 9, 
1818. The father was a farmer in New York state up to the year 1851 
and was one of the men who helped construct the Erie canal. In 1851 
the family home was established in Rock county, Wisconsin. There Mr. 
Nash was reared to maturity under the invigorating influence of tin- 
old homestead farm. He was six years of age at the time of his par- 
ents' removal to Wisconsin and after completing the curriculum of the 
public schools of Rock county he attended Lawrence College, at Apple- 
ton, Wisconsin, in which excellent institution he was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1870. Prior to entering college he taught school 
for two years and from 1870 to 1872 he was principal of the North 
Side high school at Manitowoc. While filling the position of principal 
he studied law. during his spare moments under the able preceptorship 
of E. B. Treat, In December, 1872. he was admitted to the Wisconsin 
bar and for the ensuing thirty-seven years he was engaged in the active 
practice of his profession at Manitowoc. His first public office was that 
of justice of the peace at Manitowoc and for nine years he was a mem- 
ber of the school board. He served his city as alderman from the Sixth 
ward, was a member of the county board for one term, was a member 
of the Wisconsin board of bar examiners for seven years, and for ten 
years was president of the Manitowoc Public Library. On February 
1, 1910, he was appointed state reviser, with offices at the capitol in 
Madison, and he is incumbent of that position at the present time, in 
1912. In connection with his professional work Mr. Nash is a member 
of the American Bar Association and of the Wisconsin State Bar Aaso 
ciation, of which latter organization he was president for one Term. Tn 
a business way Mr. Nash is a member of the board of directors of the 
Hamilton Manufacturing Company at Two Rivers. Wisconsin, a director 
in several other corporations and for many years was a stockholder and 
director in the National Bank at Manitowoc. 



1260 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

September 2, 1873, Mr. Nash was united in marriage to Miss Emma 
Aratlmsa Guyles, who was born in Waukegan, Illinois, March 31, 1848, 
and who is a daughter of John F. and Lydia A. (Bacon) Guyles, the 
former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of New York. Mr. and 
Mrs. Nash have three children, as follows: Archie Lyman, Alice May 
(Mrs. Kirby White), and Francis John. 

Mr. Nash thoroughly enjoys home life and takes great pleasure in 
the society of his family and friends. He is always courteous, kindly 
and affable and those who know him personally accord him the highest 
esteem. His life has been exemplary in all respects and he has ever 
supported those interests which are calculated to uplift and benefit 
humanity, while his own high moral worth is deserving of the highest 
commendation. 

Dr. Robert J. Walsh. A lifelong resident of the state of Wiscon- 
sin and a man whose business and professional career has made him 
well known throughout many sections of Wisconsin and in different 
parts of the west, Dr. Walsh has for some years had his residence at 
Waupaca, and is president of the Roche-a-Cri Medical Company. 

Robert J. Walsh was born in Columbia county, Wisconsin, August 
15, 1863, a son of Pat H. and Elizabeth (Ball) Walsh, who were among 
the pioneers of Old Columbia county. The doctor grew up on a farm 
in Columbia county, and took his education partly from the district 
schools and partly from the Portage high schools. His first regular 
vocation was that of school teacher, and for several terms he managed 
a group of scholars in both Columbia and Adams counties. His profes- 
sional preparation was received in the University of Northern Indiana 
at Valparaiso, where he was graduated in the class of 1893. After that 
several years were spent on the road with a special line of drugs, and 
he traveled in different sections of the west and had his residence in 
different states. During a portion of the same time he owned and con- 
ducted a farm in Adams county, Wisconsin. 

As a Democrat the doctor has been one of the party leaders for a 
number of years, and in 1900 was a candidate in a strong Republican 
district for the office of assemblyman, making a very flattering showing 
in the race. During the same year, 1900, Dr. Walsh organized the 
Roche-a-Cri Medical Company, and has been president of this growing 
concern ever since. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Modern Wood- 
men of America. For some time Dr. Walsh resided in North Dakota, 
and was there at the time the old Dakota territory was divided and made 
into two states, and he served as a delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of North Dakota. He is a strong advocate of the Temperance 
cause, and a man of influence both in his immediate community and 
in the state. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1261 

W. J. Schade. Since 1910 W. J. Schade has been proprietor of the 
Lancaster Sanitarium, which he founded here in that year, and he has 
carried on a work that has been the means of relieving much of suf- 
fering in that time. The gymnasium which he conducts in conjunction 
with the Sanitarium, is one of the best equipped of its kind in the coun- 
try and is a popular resort among all classes of people in the city who 
realize that the secret of health and strength lies primarily in syste- 
matic exercise. His work is a highly commendatory one and deserves 
mention in a publication of this order. 

Prof. Schade was born on January 15, 1875, in Chicago, Illinois, and 
is a son of John and Mata (Schretner) Schade, both natives of Germany. 
The father came to America in 1862 and located in Chicago, where he 
took up the work of a carpenter, in which he had been thoroughly trained 
in his native land. Both parents ended their days in the city of Chicago, 
where the subject was reared to years of manhood. A liberal elementary 
education was given him as a boy, after which he began his independent 
career as a clerk in a wholesale wall paper house. He continued with 
them for eleven years, when he was taken ill and after resorting to every 
approved treatment he was given up to die. He was later healed of 
his infirmities, and he was so impressed with the possibilities existing in 
the new treatment that he eventually withdrew from all other interests 
and has since devoted himself to a form of treatment based upon that 
employed in his own case, the same meeting with the most unquali- 
fied success in his sanitarium. 

The Lancaster Sanitarium is a modern institution, and in its opera- 
tion are employed all of the following methods : Thermotherapy ; Hydro- 
Therapy; Electro-Therapy; Spondylotherapy ; Osteopathy; Chiropractic 
and Massage. These treatments are applied to all chronic diseases due 
to stagnant conditions and insufficient circulation, and the success that 
Prof. Schade has already experienced in his work is ample evidence of 
the efficiency of the remedy and the method of treatment. One of the 
salient features of the treatment employed here is the Human Bake- 
Oven, which embodies all the best features of the Turkish bath, and 
avoids the disadvantages, such as the breathing of foul air in an air 
tight compartment. The method employed with the Human Bake-Oven 
provides an air-tight tank, into which the patient, after being robed in 
Turkish bath robe, mittens and stockings, is placed upon a sliding table 
and rolled into the tank, all but the head being then subject*. 1 to an 
intense heat which may be increased to 500 degrees Fahrenheit A pro- 
fuse but pleasant perspiration follows, driving germs from the blood and 
destroying pain in the most agreeable manner. This Bake-Oven is 
regarded as the height of perfection in the matter of applying heal to 
the body for the relief of pain, a treatment that has for centuries been 
regarded as a most efficient one in the relief of pain. Modern science 
has the crude methods of applying heated cloths, stones, etc., to the 



1262 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

affected parts, and the water bag finally came to be recognized as the 
boon of humanity, as it still is in many homes. The last word in scientific 
methods of applying heat would seem to have been said, with the appear- 
ance of the Human Bake-Oven as employed in the Lancaster Sanitarium, 
and there are to be found innumerable people willing to testify to the 
relief they have obtained from sufferings long endured as a result of 
Prof. Schade's methods. 

The gymnasium and physical culture school in the City Hall Build- 
ing, of which Prof. Schade is the physical director, is complete in all 
its equipments. Some of the apparatus in a daily use there are as fol- 
lows ; four double trapezes ; four sets of rings ; ten Whitley machines ; 
two climing ropes ; a climbing pole ; a fourteen foot angle ladder ; a set 
of eight ounce gloves ; a jumping horse ; a spring board ; an eighteen 
foot ring ; canvas floor ; a home trainer ; six dozen Indian clubs ; six dozen 
small dumb bells ; six skipping ropes ; parallel bars ; horiontal bars ; two 
platform bags ; three top and bottom bags ; one floor bag ; one double 
revolving ladder; one Ferriswheel; a half ton dumb bells, from one 
pound to two hundred and thirty-eight pounds; shower baths, stomach 
muscle machine, and many others of equal importance in a modern and 
properly equipped gymnasium and school. 

Many wonderful cures are reputed to have been wrought in Prof. 
Schade's sanitarium and his instruction in physical culture has been a 
decided boon to the youth of Lancaster. 

Prof. Schade is a graduate of the Mechano-Therapy College and 
of the National Chiropractic College also. He is a member of the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club, of which he was an instructor prior to his coming 
to Lancaster. He first visited this city as a guest, and his powers in 
athletics being known, he was induced to remain and open a gymnasium. 
He accordingly organized an athletic club in which he has continued 
to be the instructor, and later opened the Lancaster Sanitarium which 
has had a wide patronage from the first. 

R. A. Watkins. One of the best known and most successful law firms 
of Lancaster and Grant county was that with which R. A. Watkins 
was for years identified, and though the firm is no longer in exist- 
ence, owing to the death of several of its constituent members, Mr. 
Watkins himself still carries on an extensive practice at Lancaster, 
and. it should be mentioned, has been the longest at the bar of any 
attorney now in active practice at the Grant county bar. Of other 
attorneys who were his business partners, some mention will be made 
in the following paragraphs. Born on a Grant county farm, January 
15, 1853, Mr. R. A. Watkins is the son of Stephen D. and Florinda 
(Hirst) Watkins. His father, a farmer by vocation, moved into Lan- 
caster in 1866, and there his life came to a close two years later. He 
had settled in Ohio in 1837, when a youth of about sixteen years, hav- 




OPS^caf^^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1263 

ing moved to that state from Vermont. He lived in Ohio eight years. 
During the winter seasons he gave some time to the teaching of 
country schools, and was long a prominent factor in the best activities 
of his community. The ancestry is further traced back to Grandfather 
Dr. John Watkins, who died in Windsor county, Vermont, in 1829, 
and through great-grandfather, who was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war. 

R. A. Watkins had a common school education as a boy, and such 
higher education as was his came entirely as the result of his own 
efforts and his utilization of opportunity. At Lancaster he entered 
the offices of Bushnell & Clark, and there studied law until admitted 
to practice by Judge Mills in 1876. 

He continued as a clerk with Bushnell & Clark for three yearp 
longer, and then was invited to enter the firm. In July, lt>£>2. Col. 
John G. Clark withdrew from the firm, leaving its title Bushnell & 
Watkins. Thus it continued until January 1, 1895, when Herbert L. 
Moses became an associate. Since the death of Mr. Bushnell in 1909, 
and the retirement of Mr. Moses, Mr. Watkins has continued the 
business in the same offices, occupied by the firm for many previous 
years. 

Mr. Watkins has long upheld the principles of Democracy, and 
has been a diligent worker for the best interests of that party, al- 
though never seeking public office at any time. His services to his 
community have been rather of a more private nature, and his present 
office of city attorney of Lancaster is perhaps the most important pub- 
lic place he has ever held. 

Outside of his profession Mr. Watkins has seldom ventured. 
However, in 1901, when the Federal government opened the Kiowa. 
Comanche and the Apache reservation in southwestern Oklahoma, 
he attended the opening, secured a claim, and still owns the la ml. 
which he has developed into a fine farm of considerable value. He 
takes pride in the place since it represents his only country invest- 
ments. 

In 1881, Mr. Watkins was married at Lancaster to Miss Ellen M. 
Clark, daughter of Charles I. Clark, and niece of Col. John G. Clark, 
long and favorably known as one of the eminent members of the 
Wisconsin bar, and whose career is sketched in other pages o\' this 
work. Charles I. Clark was a resident of Texas at the time of the 
Civil war, and was thrust unwillingly into the southern service. The 
irony of faith was that he should lose his life as an unwilling partici- 
pant in the war under the southern flag, though death claimed him 
before he had actually fought in any battle. 

Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Watkins: Charles S.. 
Ralph B., Margaret, Ellen, and John C. Both parents have long been 
members of the Congregational church, and Mr. Watkins has given 



1264 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

service as deacon and as secretary and treasurer of the society, 
while for many years he served as superintendent of the Sunday 
school, in which he manifests a very enthusiastic and wholesome inter- 
est. The family is one that enjoys the highest esteem, and has a 
wide circle of friends in Lancaster, and they participate in the best 
social life of the city. 

A. R. Bushnell. The life and service of the late A. R. Bushnell as 
a leading member of the Wisconsin bar were of the highest order, and 
Grant county will long cherish the memory of his personality, his 
dignified character, and influential activity. He was for many years 
identified in practice with Mr. R. A. Watkins, previously mentioned 
and was the preceptor of that honored member of the Lancaster bar. 

Allen R. Bushnell was born July 18, 1833, in Hartford, Trumbull 
county, Ohio. His parents were farmers, and he was reared on the 
old farm in Ohio. At the high school in Hartford he prepared for 
college, entered Oberlin College, one of the leading schools of the 
country, and finished his studies at Hiram College, an institution 
specially well known because of its Alumni among the eminent public 
men of the country, and also because James A. Garfield at one time 
president of the United States, was also president of old Hiram. 
While a student in College, Mr. Bushnell largely paid his way by 
teaching school in an occasional winter or summer term. In 1854, 
he went to Wisconsin, taught in the vicinity of Platteville and in 
Dodgeville studied law in the office of S. 0. Paine. Admitted to the 
bar in 1857, he first had his office at Platteville, and in 1860 was 
elected to the office of district attorney of Grant county. 

His career had only well began when the outbreak of the Civil war 
deflected the interest of himself as it did those of hundreds of thou- 
sands of other young men, both north and south. 

Resigning his office, in 1861, he assisted in raising the Platteville 
Guards, went out as 1st lieutenant, and about a year later was given 
his commission as captain in Company C of the Seventh Wisconsin 
Regiment. The regiment was enlisted for three months service, and 
then reenlisted for three years, and became a part of the famous Iron 
Brigade. With that command, Captain Bushnell distinguished him- 
self as a brave and honored officer, loved and respected by his men, 
and was in active service until resigning his commission in 1863 on 
account of disability. 

On the election of Hon. J. T. Mills of Lancaster to the position 
of Circuit Judge in 1864, Captain Bushnell removed to Lancaster, 
took over Judge Mills' practice and for a time, again served as dis- 
trict attorney and in 1867 took Col. John G. Clark into partnership 
with him. In 1880 Mr. Watkins became a member of the firm which 
continued under the name of Bushnell, Clark and Watkins, until the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1265 

withdrawal of Col. Clark in 1882. Mr. Bushnell continued as the 
associate of Mr. Watkins and as head of the firm until his death on 
March 29, 1909. 

The late Mr. Bushnell was a man possessed of rare ability, as an 
exponent of the law, and was always known as a safe and conscienti- 
ous counselor and enjoyed an extensive practice in the higher courts. 
He gave valued public service as a member of the legislature, to 
which he was elected in 1872, and for four years served as United 
States District attorney for the Western District of Wisconsin by 
appointment of President Cleveland. Mr. Bushnell was elected to the 
United States Congress in 1890, defeating Hon. Robert M. LaFollette, 
and served in the 52d Congress. He was not a candidate for reelection. 
He was the first mayor of the city of Lancaster, assisted in the forma- 
tion of its municipal government, and his work is also remembered 
in connection with the Centennial Exposition at Lancaster. He was 
a man highly honored and esteemed by his fellow men, and his posi- 
tion in Lancaster, as long as he lived there was one of dignity and 
useful service. 

Charles M. Gould, M. D. During the period of years in which Dr. 
Charles M. Gould has been engaged in practice in the city of Superior, 
he has been known not only for his skill and assiduity as a physician, 
but as a tireless worker in its public movements. His professional pres- 
tige has been gained by none of the arts of the charlatan, nor 
has it been sought in special lines of practice, although his extensive 
education has embraced courses in various branches of medical science. 
He has been content to follow the beaten track of physicians educated 
in the highest science of the regular school, and who, loyal to its ethical 
code, seek rather to merit recognition by their knowledge and skill than 
to gain notoriety by which less meritorious practitioners frequently find 
a short cut to public favor. Dr. Gould was bora in Bridgeport. Con- 
necticut, March 18, 1849, and is a son of Nathan and Mary A. (Sawyer 
Gould. 

Nathan Gould was born at Greenfield, Franklin county. Connecti- 
cut, in 1819, and as a younger man removed to the city of Bridgeport. 
where he was engaged in the clothing business until 1861. At that 
time he came west to Lake City, Minnesota, where he continued to fol- 
low the clothing business, but later went back to Birmingham, Con- 
necticut. A short time later he returned to Minnesota, locating at North- 
field, where his last years were spent, and there his death occurred in 
February, 1912, when he had reached the remarkable age o\' ninety-three 
years. He was for years a valued member of St. John's T.o.l^'. A P. 
& A. M., of Bridgeport, Connecticut, and his political support was given 
to Republican candidates and principles. Mr. Gould was married to 
Miss Mary A. Sawyer, who was bora at Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut. 



1266 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

and she died when their only child, Charles M., was less than three years 
old. 

Charles M. Gould was given the benefit of excellent educational 
advantages in his youth, attending Hamilton University, Minnesota, 
and Northwestern University, Illinois, and graduating from the medical 
department of the latter institution with the class of 1882. At that time 
he established himself in a general practice at River Falls, Wisconsin, 
and there continued for ten years, in the meantime taking post-graduate 
courses at New York City. In the fall of 1892 he came to Superior, 
where he opened offices and engaged in a successful general practice 
until 1902, when he removed to Tucson, Arizona, and spent about three 
years in that State and California. He next visited Europe, taking 
clinical courses at Vienna University and the University of London, and 
on his return located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he engaged in 
the special practice of dermatology and pharmacology. In 1911 he 
returned to Superior, where he has since carried on a large general 
practice, and has become known as one of this city's leading medical 
representatives. On April 23, 1912, he was elected health commissioner, 
a position he has since continued to occupy. He is a member of the 
Douglas County Medical Society, the Wisconsin State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association. His fraternal connections in- 
clude a life membership in Damascus Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Mil- 
waukee, and he is also affiliated with Superior Chapter, R. A. M., and 
Milwaukee Lodge No. 46, B. P. 0. E. He is not a politician, but has taken 
interest in the success of the Republican party. 

Dr. Gould was married to Mrs. Ida Andrews, nee Powell, a native of 
St. Lawrence county, New York. 

Joshua Hathaway. More than a decade prior to the admission of 
Wisconsin to statehood Joshua Hathaway here established his home and 
he left a large and beneficent impress upon the annals of the territory 
and state with which he thus early identified himself as one of the 
pioneer settlers of Milwaukee. His name figures conspicuously in the 
history of this favored commonwealth and during the years of a long 
and useful life he maintained the most secure place in popular con- 
fidence and esteem, as he was a man of distinctive ability, impregnable 
integrity and high ideals. — a man well qualified to aid in the develop- 
ment and upbuilding of a great commonwealth. The names and deeds of 
such sterling pioneers merit special consideration in all publications 
touching the history of Wisconsin and it is gratifying to be able to 
present in this work a review of the career and family record of him 
to whom this memoir is dedicated. 

Joshua Hathaway was born in Rome, Oneida county, New York, on 
the 9th of November, 1810, and his death occurred at his home in Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin, on the 4th of July, 1863. He was a son of Joshua 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1267 

and Elizabeth (Lord) Hathaway. His father was born hi Suffield, Con- 
necticut, August 13, 1761, and was a son of Simeon Hathaway, who 
immigrated in an early day to Bennington, Vermont, where he became 
one of the first settlers in the territory then designated as the Hamp- 
shire Grants. The founders of the American branch of the Hathaway 
family were three brothers, Ephraim, Isaac and Jacob, who immigrated 
from the west of England in 1670 and settled at Taunton, Massachusetts. 
Joshua Hathaway, Sr., father of him whose name initiates this review 
was a valiant soldier of the Continental forces in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, in which he and his six brothers fought side by side in the battle 
of Bennington. He was a man of specially high intellectual attain- 
ments, having been graduated in Yale College and having adopted the 
profession of law. In 1796 he removed to Fort Stanwix, New York', a 
place now known as Rome, his marriage to Elizabeth Lord having been 
solemnized in 1789. He became one of the most honored and influential 
citizens of Oneida county, where he served many years on the bench of 
the court of common pleas, besides which he held for thirty consecutive 
years the office of postmaster of the village in which he had established 
his home. He was a man of broad views and progressive ideas and was 
one of the earnest supporters of the project of constructing the Erie 
canal. To further the success of this important enterprise he assumed 
an extensive contract for construction work, and at so low a figure did 
he take this contract that his entire fortune was absorbed in its com- 
pletion. He continued his residence at Rome until his death, which 
occurred December 8, 1836, and was one of the most honored pioneers of 
the central part of the old Empire state. 

Joshua Hathaway, subject of this memoir, was reared to adult age in 
his native village and received excellent educational advantages in his 
youth. He fitted himself for the practice of law and the profession of 
civil engineer and as a representative of the latter vocation he ent 
the service of the government and was sent, in 1834, to Wisconsin, which 
was then a part of Michigan Territory. From Chicago he came by means 
of one of the primitive lake vessels to Milwaukee, where he was met at 
the docks by that honored pioneer, Solomon Juneau, who was one of 
the few white settlers then residing in the future metropolis o\' Wiscon- 
sin. As a civil engineer Mr. Hathaway surveyed a considerable part o\' 
the territory now comprising the state of Wisconsin and he otherwise 
entered fully into the spirit and interests of the pioneer community. 
Much of his early surveying was in (.he southern part of the state and 
during the greater part of the years 1833 and 1834 he maintained his 
headquarters in Chicago. Upon his arrival in .Milwaukee he pitched his 
tent upon the site of the present University building, at the corner of 
Broadway and Mason street, and in a more substantial structure which 
he there erected he continued to reside until 1836, when he buill a simple 
but comfortable residence on the same site. There he continued to main- 

Vol. V— 1 6 



1268 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

tain his home until his death. Through his professional work and his 
judicious enterprise in the handling of real estate, in which he made 
large investments, he accumulated a substantial fortune, as gauged by 
the standards of his time, and he was known and valued as one of the 
most liberal and public-spirited citizens of Milwaukee, as well as a man 
whose integrity was on a parity with his exalted motives and marked 
ability. Sincerity and affability marked him as a true gentleman of the 
old school, and none knew him but to admire and esteem. Upon the 
organization of the territorial government, in 1836, he was the first to 
be honored with appointment to the office of district surveyor, a posi- 
tion of great responsibility in connection with the development of the 
embryonic state, and his commission for this post bore date of July 8, 
1836. Further evidence of the unqualified confidence reposed in Mr. 
Hathaway was given in 1838, when he was appointed to the important 
office of public administrator for Milwaukee county. This exacting posi- 
tion, compassing in its administrative duties the functions now exercized 
by the judge of the probate court, were discharged by him with char- 
acteristic fidelity and discrimination and further expanded his beneficient 
influence. He identified himself prominently and extensively with real- 
estate speculative operation in Milwaukee and other lake counties, and 
was specially conspicuous in connection with the upbuilding of the vil- 
lage of Kewaunee. 

Mr. Hathaway was a man of mature judgment and unimpeachable 
integrity in all of the relations of life. He was well fortified in legal 
knowledge and was ever ready to lend his co-operation in the furtherance 
of measures and enterprises projected for the general good of the com- 
munity. Genial and courtly, he enjoyed greatly the amenities of social 
life and especially the association with other men of education and cul- 
ture. He made a close study of the natural resources of the state of his 
adoption and was known as a geologist and botanist of no mean ability. 
His office was a place of general resort for those seeking information 
concerning lots, lands and taxes, and in this field he was a recognized 
authority. The information which he was able to give was unobtainable 
from any other source, and concerning his attitude in this connection the 
following consistent statements have been written by one familiar with 
his character and services: "Although he might be in the midst of the 
most difficult problems connected with his business, or making drafts 
for maps, in which he took a great delight, he always received you pleas- 
antly, answered your questions if he could, and if he could not you 
might well despair of finding what you sought, for if you left his office 
unenlightened you would be likely to remain so in so far as information 
touching Milwaukee lands or lots was concerned." 

During the latter years of his life Mr. Hathaway passed the winters 
in Georgia, where he maintained an attractive residence and also owned 
a considerable amount of other property, but his interests continued 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1269 

to be centered in Milwaukee until his death, at the age of fifty-three 
years. He was the close friend of the leading men of the pioneer epoch 
in the history of the Wisconsin metropolis and his noble character gained 
to him the friendship of all with whom he came in contact. In politics 
Mr. Hathaway was a staunch and well fortified supporter of the princi- 
ples of the Democratic party, and his religious faith was originally 
that of the Protestant Episcopal church, his wife having been reared a 
Presbyterian. In the early days in Milwaukee the little company of 
those of the Episcopalian faith would assemble for worship and the 
prescribed ritual as provided for the layman was read by Mr. Hathaway 
before a regular clergyman had been procured. Mr. Hathaway was one 
of organizers of St. Paul's Episcopal church and became a member 
of its vestry, but eventually both he and his wife espoused the faith of 
the Catholic church, the great mother of Christendom, in which they 
became earnest and devout communicants of the parish of St. John's 
cathedral, their conversion to Catholicism having taken place about the 
year 1847 and all of their children having been reared in this faith. In 
beautiful Calvary Cemetery, Milwaukee, rest the remains of both Mr. and 
Mrs. Hathaway, whose names merit enduring place on the roll of the 
honored pioneers of Wisconsin. It may be noted that on the maternal 
side Mr. Hathaway was a descendant of John Haynes, who was not only 
the first governor of Connecticut but also a colonial governor of Massa- 
chusetts. 

In the city of Buffalo, New York, on the 10th of October, 1842, was 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hathaway to Miss Ami Jennette Hatha- 
way, who was his second cousin and who was born in Vermont. Sep- 
tember 1, 1818, and who survived him by many years. Mrs. Hathaway 
was summoned to the life eternal, at her home in Milwaukee, on the 
25th of September, 1894, and her memory is revered by all who came 
within the compass of her gentle and gracious influence. Concerning her 
the following statements were published at the time of her death: 

"Mrs. Ann Jennette Hathaway was a pioneer woman and one of 
the last of a coterie of Milwaukee women who were notable for their 
high character and womanly qualities during the years when the city 
was developing from a small frontier town to metropolitan pretentions. 
She was an exceptionally bright and capable woman, possessing the 
noble characteristics that drew to her a wide circle of friends. She lived 
in Milwaukee fifty-two years, having settled here in 1842. after her 
marriage to Joshua Hathaway. Her husband was at first a surveyor, 
afterward becoming a real-estate investor, and the rise in value of real 
estate made him a wealthy man. For many years the family residence 
was upon the corner where the University building now stands, but 
afterward Mrs. Hathaway removed to a new home, at the corner of 
Juneau avenue and Astor street, where she lived with her daughters and 
sons until her death. She was naturally of a domestic and soeial dis- 



1270 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

position and many old residents remembered her as the life of social 
gatherings which she attended. In later life she remained a most 
attractive woman, by reason of her friendliness and geniality. Upon 
the death of her husband Mrs. Hathaway devoted herself to the man- 
agement of the important and complicated affairs of the estate, in which 
connection she developed a marked talent for business details. She was a 
daily visitor at the office of her deceased husband until her sons reached 
an age when they were able to relieve her of business responsibility, 
when she gracefully retired to the duties of her home, which she always 
made a center of hospitality. She was seventy-six years of age at the 
time of her death." 

Mr. and Mrs. Hathaway became the parents of seven children, two 
of whom died in infancy. The three surviving daughters, Mary L., 
Jeannette and Sarah B., still maintain their home in Milwaukee, where 
they were born and reared. The surviving sons are Andrew A. and 
John E., the former of whom was born in Milwaukee and the latter at 
the winter home of the family, at Marietta, Georgia. These sons were 
afforded the advantages of a good education. John E. Hathaway is the 
executive head of the firm of J. E. Hathaway & Company, of Milwaukee, 
contractors for public works, and he passes a considerable part of his 
time in Milwaukee, though he now maintains his home at Easton, Talbot 
county, Maryland, as does also the elder brother, Andrew A., who is 
there engaged in the real-estate business and also owns a fine farm of 
three hundred acres in the immediate vicinity. Andrew A Hathaway 
removed from Milwaukee to Maryland in 1903 but still retains important 
interests in his native city, where he erected the Hathaway and the 
Clement- Williams buildings, as well as the University building, which 
is owned by the Hathaway estate and which occupies the site of the 
old family homestead. 

Hon Frank A. Ross. Among the members of the Wisconsin bench 
who have risen to eminence during the past several years, Frank A. 
Ross, judge of the Circuit Court of the 11th Judicial Circuit of Wiscon- 
sin, has won approval of the bar and of litigants for their able and digni- 
fied manner in which he has upheld the best traditions of his high official 
position. Judge Ross has been a member of the Wisconsin bar for more 
than thirty years, and as both lawyer and jurist has ever deserved the 
high regard and esteem in which he is universally held. He is a native of 
Grundy county, Illinois, and was born March 24, 1856, a son of George 
N. and Sarah A. (Hyatt) Ross. 

George N. Ross was born in Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, in 
1827, and in 1845 traveled overland to Grundy county, Illinois, where 
he settled down as a pioneer farmer. The gold rush to California 
called Mr. Ross in 1850, and for three years he was engaged in prospect- 
ing and mining, but eventually returned to Grundy county, Illinois, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1271 

where he resumed his farming operations. In 1857 he brought his fam- 
ily to Pierce county, Wisconsin, where he resided for some time, later 
came to Superior, and finally to Duluth, Minnesota, where his death 
occurred March 9, 1889, at the age of seventy-one years. He was a 
Republican in his political views, and for several years served as treas- 
urer of Prescott, Wisconsin. Mr. Ross married Sarah A. Hyatt, who 
was born in Erie county, Pennsylvania, and she died August b, 1893, 
when sixty-two years of age, having been the mother of five children, of 
whom Prank A. was the second in order of birth. 

Prank A. Ross was- but an infant when brought to Pierce county by 
his parents, and here he passed his boyhood, obtaining his early educa- 
tion in the public schools. Later, having decided upon the law as his 
life work, he studied in the offices of White & Smith and J. S. White, 
at Prescott, and passed a creditable examination before Judge Bundy 
and an examining committee, being admitted to the bar at Ellsworth, 
December 13, 1879. In 1880 J. S. White left for the West, and Mr. Ross 
succeeded to his practice. On March 17, 1887, he came to Superior, 
Wisconsin, and here practiced alone until October, 1888. At that time 
he formed a partnership with W. D. Dwyer, under the firm style of 
Ross & Dwyer, and in 1890, C. Smith, now judge of the Superior Court 
of Douglas county, became a member of the firm. Two years later Louis 
Haniteh and George J. Douglas were received into the partnership, but 
during the spring of 1893 Mr. Smith was elected to the bench and Mr. 
Douglas retired, and the firm became Ross, Dwyer & Haniteh. From 
January 1, 1881, to January 1, 1887, Mr. Ross served as district attor- 
ney of Pierce county. When Superior became a village he was elected 
its first member of the county board of supervisors. On September 12, 
1910, he was appointed judge of the Circuit Court, and by election has 
succeeded himself in office to the present time. He is one of the most 
popular incumbents of judicial office that Douglas county has known, 
and the fairness and impartiality of his decisions have never been ques- 
tioned. In 1892 Judge Ross was a delegate to the Republican National 
Convention, and from 1898 until 1906 served as a member of the State 
Board of Normal School Regents. 

Judge Ross was married December 19, 1878. to Miss Henrietta 
Viroque Newell, who died October 17, 1894, having been the mother ot 
six children : Leslie G. ; Myrtle P., who is the wife of Fred B. Tomp- 
kins; Mildred S., who is the wife of John A. Lonsdorf : Wayne A., who 
died April 25, 1911, at the age of twenty-three years: and two who died 
in infancy. On June 18, 1896, Judge Ross was married to Carrie Blanche 
Newell, a sister of his first wife. 

Owen L. Jones. One of Waukesha ? s prominent young business 
men is Owen L. Jones, the able cashier of the Farmers' State Bank. A 
native of this county, Mr. Jones is verv well known in Waukesha and 



1272 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

its vicinity. He is of Welsh origin, the son of parents whose worthy 
lives require somewhat detailed mention preliminary to the facts of the 
subject's career. 

William and Mary (Lewis) Jones were both born in North Wales 
and were characteristic representatives of that earnest, unpretentious, 
self-respecting and God-reverencing race. William Jones spent much 
of his early life as a seaman. In 1872 he and his wife came, with the 
five children who then constituted the second generation of the family, 
to this land of broader opportunities for the latter. He chose as his 
home the location at Genesee, Wisconsin, which was the subsequent resi- 
dence of his family. For one year William Jones worked in Genesee, 
in the capacity of a laborer. At the end of that time he received an 
appointment as First Quartermaster of the United States Revenue Cut- 
ter Andrew Johnson. From that time until 1897 be continued to serve 
in that office of seamanship. In the last named year he retired from his 
long succession of voyages and spent his remaining years at his farm in 
Genesee township, where his life closed on December 10, 1905. He is 
remembered with much respect and affection in the community which 
knew him best, for his were the qualities of combined strength and gen- 
tleness that awaken such esteem. He was a sincerely interested and 
loyal member of the Presbyterian church and one of his deepest, truest 
pleasures was the daily and continued perusal of the Book which reveals 
so much of spiritual beauty to him who reads aright. Mary Lewis Jones, 
the wife of his earthly years, still lives, in the peaceful sunset of her life, 
having now attained the age of seventy-six years. Of the seven chil- 
dren who were born to William and Mary Jones, six are still living. 
The youngest of these was born on August 1, 1881, and was named 
Owen L. 

The public schools of Genesee, Wisconsin, and St. John's Military 
Academy at Delafield, Wisconsin, engaged the youthful attention of 
Owen L. Jones until he had neared the age of twenty. He then studied 
for one year in the department of Law in Marquette University. Hav- 
ing thus obtained a general and practical education fitting him for life 's 
activities, he spent two years in superintending affairs on his father's 
agricultural property. While there, he received appointment as deputy 
clerk of the Circuit Court, which he served for three years. At the 
end of that time he and other men of business ability in Waukesha 
county had formulated plans for the enterprise which now occupies Mr. 
Jones' attention. 

The Farmers' State Bank of Waukesha was established in November 
of 1911 by the following founders: Messrs. John A. Rodgers, Robert L. 
Holt, Thomas L. Jones, Dr. W. A. McFarlane and Owen L. Jones, with 
a capital of $30,000 and a surplus of $6,000. The bank's official directory 
is as follows: Mr. Rodgers, president; Mr. Holt, vice-president; Mr. 
Jones, cashier; Verne E. DeRemer, assistant cashier; Messrs. Rodgers, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1273 

Holt, Milo Mickleston, John A. Becker, W. A. McFarlane, George A. 
Jones, W. A. Foster, John L. Morris, D. W. Roberts, Peter Swart, Jr., 
and Henry L. Gitner, directors. Mr. Foster resides on Rural Route 
No. 4, and Mr. Morris on Route 8; and the other directors in Waukesha. 
In the year of the bank's organization, Owen Jones entered upon the 
duties of cashier for this commercial institution and has even since con- 
tinued to hold that position. 

Mr. Jones is a business man of that type of which a notable character- 
istic is close and careful attention to business, and his incumbency of 
his important position is a matter for congratulation to both directors 
and patrons of the bank. He holds membership in the Lodge, Chapter 
and Council of the Masonic Order; his church connection is with the 
Presbyterian of Waukesha; and his political affiliation with the Repub- 
lican party. 

Morris Fuller Fox. In the solid virtues of citizenship ami in sub- 
stantial accomplishment in the field of business and civil affairs there 
is probably no family more representative of the best in the life of this 
state than that of Fox, of which the member named above is prominent 
in financial circles, and is now a resident of the city of Milwaukee. He 
was for some years a resident of Chicago, and during 1912 was secretary 
of the Wisconsin Society of Chicago, an organization of about seven hun- 
dred members who are prominent in their respective affairs in the city 
of Chicago, and whose lives are creditable to the state of their origin. 

Morris F. Fox is a native of Dane county, Wisconsin, having been 
born in Fitchburg township on his father's farm April 19, 1883. The Fox 
family have been residents of Southern Wisconsin since 1841. The par- 
ents were Arthur O'Neill and Anna Myra (Williams) Fox. The 
father was born on a farm adjoining that upon which Morris F. first 
saw the light of day, and the date of his birth was November 2. 1855. 
The grandfather of Morris F. Fox was Dr. Wm. Herriman Fox, who was 
born in County Westmeath, Ireland, and was one of the first settlers in 
Dane county of Wisconsin territory and a signer of the state constitu- 
tion. The mother of Mr. Fox, a daughter of the late Chauncey L. Wil- 
liams, another pioneer of this state, was born in Madison December 10, 
1859. She died March 5, 1912, and her marriage occurred June 14. 1882. 
The seven children in the parents' family were as follows: Morris Ful- 
ler; Cornelia L., wife of Robert C. Brown of New York City ; Anna Myra ; 
Catherine, wife of Samuel W. Burford of Hazel Green, Wisconsin ; Neill 
Williams; Lucia Byrne; and Helen Williams, who died at the age of 
five years. 

Arthur 0. Fox, the father, spent his boyhood days on his father's 
farm in Dane county, and was educated in the district schools. Subse- 
quently he attended a private school in Detroit. Michigan, and attended 
the University of Wisconsin for three years with the class of 1876. It 



1274 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

was somewhat unusual for a young college man of that time to devote 
himself to farming, but it was to that occupation and to stock raising that 
Mr. Arthur 0. Fox gave all his time and energy for a number of years. 
His farm was the old homestead in Fitchburg township of Dane county, 
comprising two hundred and sixty acres of land. To this estate he added 
other lands in proportion to the success of his business, until he was 
finally the owner of twelve hundred acres of land, and had a reputation 
all over the United States of an importer and breeder of Shropshire 
sheep. The college-trained farmer had gone far beyond all his contempo- 
raries in the success he had won in an industry which was not then 
thought to require learning or high technical skill. The thoroughbred 
bucks of his herd were sold throughout the west to the range sheepmen, 
and at the "World's Fair in Chicago in 1893 he received over $1,000.00 in 
cash prizes, besides many sweep-stakes medals on his sheep. He was also 
almost equally well known as a breeder of fine cattle and horses, In 
1895 he removed his home to Madison for the purpose of educating his 
children in the city schools, and at that time he sold part of his farm. 
On taking up his residence in the city, he became actively identified with 
large enterprises there. He became associated with his brother-in-law, 
Col. William P. Vilas, and organized the Northern Electrical Manufac- 
turing Company for the manufacture of electric motors and dynamos. 
During the five years of his management, Mr. Fox advanced the output of 
the factory so that it amounted to $2,000,000 in value per year, and it 
was a very valuable plant when they sold it to the General Electric 
Company. Mr. Fox also became one of the directors in the Bank of 
Wisconsin, and is one of the directors in the Savings Loan and Trust 
Company, and the Central Wisconsin Trust Company, all of Madison. 
Since disposing of his electrical interests he has given much attention 
to real estate investments in the city of Madison, and is one of the largest 
owners of property in that city. He is a member of the Madison Park 
& Pleasure Drive Association, a member of the Madison Club, the Wis- 
consin Society of Chicago, the Union League Club of Chicago and is one 
of the most ardent boosters of his home city of Madison. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 

Morris Fuller Fox during his boyhood attended the district schools 
of Dane county, and also the village school at Oregon, completing his 
public school education in the grammar and high school of Madison. 
He subsequently entered the University of Wisconsin, and was graduated 
in the class of 1904, being a member of the first class which graduated 
in what is known as the School of Commerce of the University. On leav- 
ing college he entered the employ of the Nash Lumber Co. in Ashland 
county, Wisconsin. After one year with this company, he became asso- 
ciated with his father in the real estate business at Madison. For two 
years he was busy with the varied interests of the property controlled 
by his father, and in 1908 he and his father organized the Interstate 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1275 

Light and Power Company of Galena, Illinois. The father became 
president and Morris F. secretary of this company, and held those offices 
until in 1910, when they sold out to H. M. Byllesby & Company of 
Chicago, bankers and extensive owners and operators of Public Utilities. 
At this point Mr. M. F. Fox became associated with the Byllesby organiza- 
tion and soon after was placed in charge of the financial operations of 
H. M. Byllesby & Co. in Illinois, and was located in Chicago up to Janu- 
ary 1, 1913, at which date he assumed the same duties in Wisconsin, 
and moved his residence to Milwaukee. 

Mr. Fox is a member of the University Club of Milwaukee, The 
Milwaukee Club, the University Club of Chicago and the Madison Club, 
and is also a member of the Wisconsin Society of Chicago. Fraternally 
he affiliates with Madison Lodge No. 5, A. F. & A. M., and with Madison 
Chapter No. 4, R.^A. M., and Psi Upsilon, College Fraternity. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 

He was married at Chicago June 4, 1910, to Miss Lucy Ripley, a 
niece and ward of Mr. J. J. Dau, a prominent wholesale merchant of 
Chicago. 

Charles Krenzke. For the past fifteen years one of the rising attor- 
neys of the Racine bar has been Mr. Charles Krenzke, whose success as 
a lawyer has been notable. Mr. Krenzke entered the practice of his 
profession, through the avenue of hard work, in preparation and study. 
Although of a family which has long been in comfortable circumstances, 
and noted for their integrity, Mr. Krenzke himself began life princi- 
pally on his own account, and through his own industry and native 
ability has won his way to his present prominence in the Racine bar. 

Charles Krenzke was born in Racine March 2, 1871, and is a son of 
August and Wilhelmina (Reinke) Krenzke, both of whom were natives 
of Prussia, Germany. The paternal grandfather was named Friederich 
Krenzke, who immigrated to America in 1870. In his native land lie 
had followed farming, and after coming to this country worked the farm 
owned by his son, August, for some years. Subsequently, he removed 
to Racine, and later to his son's farm in Milwaukee county, where he 
died at the age of eighty-eight years. The wife of this veteran farmer 
was named Fredericka Kuehne, whose death occurred ten years earlier 
than that of her husband, when she was sixty years of age. She and her 
husband were the parents of five children. The paternal grandfather 
had served as a soldier in the regular army of Germany. 

August Krenzke, the father, who had followed the trade of wagon 
maker in Germany, on coming to America in 1869. located at Racine, 
where for fourteen years, up to 1883. he was in the employ of the Fish 
Brothers Wagon Works. For a year or two he followed building and 
contracting, after which he sold his residence in town, and located on his 
farm in Caledonia township. He had purchased this land, consisting of 



1276 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

fifty acres, some years before, and the old homestead is still owned by 
Mr. Krenzke, although for the past ten years, he has lived on a much 
larger farm in Milwaukee county. August Krenzke married a daughter 
of Carl and Sophia Reinke, both of whom are natives of Germany. Carl 
Reinke had followed the occupation of shepherd, and his death occurred 
in young manhood. His wife subsequently married William Lueckfeld, 
who is now deceased though she still survives, being nearly eighty 
years of age. August Krenzke and wife had the following children: 
Charles ; August ; Louisa, the wife of George Stecher of Caledonia town- 
ship ; Friederich, also of Caledonia township ; George of Racine ; Leonard 
of Oak Creek township, Milwaukee county; Wilhelmina, the wife of 
Edward Berg of Oak Creek township; William (1) who died aged six 
years; William (2) of Oak Creek township; and Edward, attending 
school. Mr. and Mrs. August Krenzke are communicants of the Lutheran 
church. Reared in Racine, where he remained until about fifteen years 
of age, Charles Krenzke then began work upon the farm, receiving 
monthly wages. His education was further continued in St. John's Lu- 
theran School, and he continued at farm labor until he was twenty-four 
years of age. During his work on the farm, his spare time was spent 
in the study of law, largely through correspondence law and business 
schools, and for two winter seasons he attended the Racine Academy, 
which was then conducted by W. W. Rowlands. A little later Mr. Row- 
lands having discontinued his school, took up the practice of law, and Mr. 
Krenzke then followed him into his offices, as a lawyer, and studied law 
under his direction, for two years. His admission to the bar of Racine, 
occurred in 1897, and in the same year began his practice in this city, 
at first in the office of John T. Wentworth, and then for one year with 
Cooper, Simmons and Nelson. He then became a partner of Judge Max 
W. Heck, which relationship continued for two years, or until Mr. Heck 
was elected county judge, and took office, which was in January, 1902. 
Since that time Mr. Krenzke has practiced independently. 

On November 30, 1899, Mr. Krenzke married Miss Ida Berg, a daugh- 
ter of Edward and Catherine (Seebach) Berg. To this marriage have 
been born five children named Martha, Carl, Theodore R., Alfred, and 
Walter. Mr. and Mrs. Krenzke are members of the Lutheran church. 
His fraternal affiliations are with the Deutscher Maennerverein, and the 
Concordia Junger Maennerverein. In politics he is a Democrat, and for 
two years was assistant city attorney. The family residence is at 1948 
North Michigan street, where Mr. Krenzke built an attractive home in the 
fall of 1901 

Lucius Boardman Donkle, M. D. Now a Chicago physician and 
surgeon of high standing and many successful connections, Dr. Donkle 
is a native of Wisconsin, grew up and received most of his early 
schooling in his home state near Madison, and belongs to a family 





^k^Jls^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1277 

which for three generations has been identified with Wisconsin from 
the early territorial period. 

Lucius Boardman Donkle was born at Verona, in Dane county, 
Wisconsin, on his father's farm, October 30, 1877. His parents were 
Edward and Martha P. (White) Donkle. His father was born at 
Wilkes-Barre, Mercer county, Pennsylvania, in 1833, and died in 
Madison, Wisconsin, in 1902. The mother who was born in New 
York state in 1840 is still living at her home in Madison. The parents 
were married in Wisconsin, and of their seven children live are living. 
Dr. Donkle being the youngest of the family. The father was a child 
when the family moved out to the territory of Wisconsin, during the 
decade of the thirties. Their journey was made overland with wagon 
and ox teams, and having entered the wilderness of southern Wiscon- 
sin, Grandfather Donkle bought land in Dane county at one dollar 
and a half per acre, being one of the first to establish a home in that 
section, and take his share in the clearing of the wilderness. Grand- 
father Donkle spent his days as a farmer, and his son, the father of 
Dr. Donkle succeeded to the same occupation. His boyhood years 
were all spent on the farm, and afterwards he was associated with 
his father, and on making a start for himself bought timber land, 
and went through the identical toil and stress of developing a farm 
which his father before him had undergone. The late Edward Donkle 
became one of the most prosperous farmers and stock raisers of Dane 
county. He was a lover of fine horses, and on his estate bred and 
raised many fine animals. The old home of one hundred and sixty 
acres is still in the family name. In 1893 the father retired from the 
farm, and built a beautiful home in the capital city of Madison, where 
he spent his last days. During the Civil war he went out from Wis- 
consin, as a soldier in Company K of the Forty-Second Wisconsin 
Infantry, and did not return home until the war was over. He never 
showed any inclination or aspiration for public office, but did much 
in the quiet way of a private and industrious citizen. He was an 
active member of the Baptist church, and assisted in the building and 
establishment of three churches in Dane county. He served as deacon 
in his home church for many years, and in matters of morality was a 
strong temperance man. During his early life he voted the Whig 
ticket, and aftenvards supported the Republican party. 

It was on his father's old farm in Dane county that Dr. Donkle 
spent his boyhood, working during the summer and attending distrid 
school during the winter. Later he was sent to the city schools in 
Madison, and graduated from the high school with the class of L898 
He took his preparatory work for medicine in the University o\' Wis 
consin, and then attended the Illinois University. Medical Depart- 
ment in Chicago, where he was graduated M. D. in 1903. lie was 
elected to the honorary Scholarship Fraternity while at the University 



1278 HISTORY OP WISCONSIN 

of Illinois in 1902. Twenty-two months were spent as an interne 
in St. Mary's hospital in Chicago, and in 1904 he opened his 
office at 1558 Wabash Avenue, at which location he has been 
known to his large circle of patrons and friends ever since. 
For some time he was in partnership with Dr. William Hector, but 
since 1904 has been associated with Dr. Hector. He is a member of 
the surgical staff of St. Bernard's Hospital since the establishment of 
that institution. Dr. Donkle has charge of the medical examining 
board for the Chicago Private Chauffeurs Association, being also a 
member of its board of trustees. His professional associations are 
with the Chicago Medical Society, the Illinois State Medical Society, 
the American Medical Association, the American Surgeons Associa- 
tion, and with the American Medical Society at Vienna, Austria. 
While in the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Donkle was a member of 
the football team, and has been an interested follower of that sport 
ever since. During the summer of 1910 he went abroad, taking post 
graduate work at the great medical center of Vienna, specializing 
in surgical pathology, and spent two months attending lectures, and 
clinics in bone surgery under Professor Arthur L. Lane at London. 
He also attended surgery clinics at Berlin, Paris and in Rome. Since 
returning to Chicago in the summer of 1911, he has taken up his old 
practice, and has given increasing attention to surgery in which 
he ranks as one of the leaders in the city. 

Dr. Donkle is affiliated with Golden Rule Lodge No. 324 A. F. & 
A. M. and is also a member of the Illinois Consistory, a thirty-second 
degree Mason, and the Medinah Temple of the Mystic Shrine. In 
politics he is a Republican. On November 29, 1910, Dr. Donkle mar- 
ried Francis Peterson, who was born at Butte Des Morts in Winne- 
bago county, Wisconsin. 

In connection with the career of Dr. Donkle should also be men- 
tioned that of his brother, Dr. Alfred Donkle, a young physician and 
surgeon who was beginning a brilliant career when it was cut short 
by death in 1904. Alfred Donkle was born in Wisconsin in 1870, 
graduated from the University of Wisconsin with the class of 1897, 
took his medical degree at the medical department of the University 
of Illinois in 1902, and had already attained distinction in his pro- 
fession before death overtook him. 

William McCleary Sherman. The sterling sons of New England 
have lived up to the best traditions of the gracious section of our na- 
tional domain in which they were reared and have left indelible and 
worthy impress upon the various other states of the Union. A scion 
of the staunchest of New England colonial stock, the late William 
McCleary Sherman came to Wisconsin in 1867 and it was given him to 
gain secure prestige as one of the representative business men and public- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1279 

spirited citizens of Milwaukee, in which city -he maintained his home for 
many years and in which his name and memory are held in Lasting 
honor. He was the father of Dr. Lewis Sherman, concerning whom 
individual mention is made on other pages of this volume. 

William McCleary Sherman was born at Rupert, Bennington county, 
Vermont, on the 21st of October, 1822, and thus he was nearly seventy 
years of age at the time when he was summoned to the life eternal, his 
death having occurred on the 21st of January, 1891, at Thomasville, 
Georgia, to which state he had gone for the benefit of his health. I It- 
was a son of Sterling and James Sherman, representatives of families 
that were founded in New England in the early colonial era. In both 
lines were found noble patriots who gave valiant service as soldiers in 
the war of the Revolution, even as the respective family names have stood 
exponent of the best of citizenship in the "piping times of peace,*' as 
one generation has followed another on to the stage of life's activities 
The parents of Mr. Sherman attained to venerable age and the father 
devoted the major part of his active career to the great basic industry 
of agriculture. 

He whose name initiates this memoir was afforded the advantages 
of the common schools of his native county and his early experience was 
that gained in connection with the work of the old homestead farm. He 
continued to be actively identified with agricultural pursuits until 1865, 
when he engaged in the general merchandise business and the manu- 
facturing of cotton, in the state of New York. In 1867 he left the 
Empire state and came to Wisconsin, to establish his home in Milwaukee. 
Here he engaged in the retail grocery business, for the prosecution of 
which he formed a partnership with Charles J. Russell. The store of 
the new firm was situated on Wisconsin street, and after a period of 
three years Mr. Sherman became associated with his brother. Professor 
S. S. Sherman, and the late Milo P. Jewett in the coffee and spice busi- 
ness, under the firm name of Jewett & Sherman. This enterprise proved 
successful and rapidly expanded in scope, so that eventually a stock 
company was formed for carrying forward the enterprise, which there- 
after was conducted under the title of the Jewett & Sherman Company. 
William Mc. Sherman continued as a heavy stockholder of this represen- 
tative corporation until the time of his death, and for a oumber of years 
prior thereto he had been president- of the company. Through well 
directed endeavors along normal lines of business he gained substau 
tial success, and his name having ever been synonymous with integrity 
and honor in all of the relations of life. He was a member of a family 
of seven sons and three daughters, and of the number four are now 
living, — Professor Sterling S. Sherman, who resides in the city of Chi- 
cago and who has attained to the patriarcha] age o\' ninety-seven years, 
in 1913; Jesse Sherman, who is a resident of Salem, New York; and 
Miss Mary Sherman, who died in Milwaukee in 1913. There are also 



1280 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

deceased C. A., 0. B., H. 0., Enoch, Mrs. Maria McNitt and Mrs. 
Murdock. 

Mr. Sherman was not only a careful and far-sighted business man 
but was also one whose genial nature, buoyant optimism and unvarying 
kindliness gained him friendships of inviolable order. He had an abiding 
interest in his fellow men and was ever ready to "do good by stealth 
and blush to find it fame." He gave support to well ordered measures 
and objects for the general good of the community and his entire life 
was guided and governed by the loftiest principles, while sympathy and 
tolerance were marked attributes of his character. 

Mr. Sherman became a member of the Christian or Disciples' church 
when a young man and after a church of this denomination was founded 
in Milwaukee he continued one of its most loyal adherents and generous 
supporters during the residue of his life. He was the active elder of the 
church and also served long and effectively as superintendent of its 
Sunday school. He had the deepest affection for the children of the 
school under his charge and twice each year he generously provided spe- 
cial entertainment for them, the greater part of the incidental expense 
being defrayed by him and the annual Christmas observance and annual 
picnic trip to the Wisconsin Soldiers' Home being thus guaranteed by 
his liberalty. Both he and his wife were devoted church workers and 
they gave the funds which made possible the erection of the Christian 
church on the south side of Milwaukee, the same being known as the 
Church of Christ and constituting a noble and enduring monument 
to their memory. Mr. Sherman had well fortified opinions concerning 
matters of economic and governmental import and gave allegiance to 
the Republican party, with which he identified himself at the time of 
its organization. 

On the 15th of February, 1843, in West Rupert, Bennington county, 
Vermont, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Sherman to Miss Hannah 
M. Lewis, and she survived him by fifteen years, her death having oc- 
curred, in Milwaukee, on the 31st of July, 1907, at which time she was 
eighty-seven years of age. She was a woman of gentle and gracious 
personality and was loved by all who came within the sphere of her 
influence. Of the four children the only one now living is Dr. Lewis 
Sherman, who has long been one of the representative physicians of Mil- 
waukee and of whom specific mention is made on other pages of this 
publication. 

Lewis Sherman, B. S., A. M., M. D. Engaged in the active prac- 
tice of his profession in the city of Milwaukee for more than forty years, 
Dr. Sherman has long held a position as one of the representative phy- 
sicians and surgeons of Wisconsin. As a citizen and as one of the expon- 
ents of his profession in the Wisconsin metropolis he is entitled to rec- 
ognition in this publication. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN IlM 

Dr. Sherman is a scion of staunch old colonial stock in New England, 
that cradle of much of our national history, and he claims the old Green 
Mountain state as the place of his nativity. He was horn at Rupert, 
Bennington, county, Vermont, on the 25th of November, 1843, and is a 
son of William McCleary Sherman and Hannah (Lewis) Sherman, both 
likewise natives of the same town of Rupert, where the former was bom 
in 1822 and the latter in 1823, both families having been founded in 
New England in the early colonial epoch. The Doctor's great-great- 
grandfather, Reuben Noble, and also two great-grandfathers. Enoch 
Sherman and Luke Noble, were found enrolled as patriot soldiers of 
the Continental forces in the war of the Revolution, in which they went 
forth from Massachusetts. Another of the great-grandfathers, Job Wil- 
liam Cleveland, likewise represented Massachusetts as a valiant soldier 
of the Revolution, and through such worthy ancestral connections Dr. 
Sherman is of distant kinship with the late General William T. Sherman 
and the late Hon. Grover Cleveland, former president of the United 
States. The Doctor is the only survivor of a family of four children 
and further data concerning the family history are given in the memoir 
dedicated to his honored father on other pages of this publication, his 
parents having been residents of Wisconsin for a number of years prior 
to their death. 

In the common schools of his native state Dr. Sherman gained his 
preliminary education and further scholastic progress was made through 
his pursuance of his higher academic studies in an academy in Washing- 
ton county, New York, and in Union College, at Schenectady, from which 
latter and historic institution he received in due time the degrees of 
Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts. In furtherance of his well de- 
fined ambition he finally entered the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York, in which he completed the prescribed 
technical course and in which he was graduated as a member of the class 
of 1870, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

In that year Dr. Sherman, who was then a young man of twenty-six 
came to Wisconsin and established his residence in the city of Mil- 
waukee, which has continued to be the stage of his professional activities 
during the long intervening years. Earnest application and close study 
have marked his professional work from the days of his youthful ami 
ambitious labors to the present day, when he stands as one of the leading 
representatives of his chosen calling in the state o\' Wisconsin. He is 
a member of the Milwaukee Academy of Medicine, and as an exponent 
of the benignant school of Homeopathy he is actively identified with 
its leading organizations, including the American Institute of Homeop- 
athy and the Wisconsin Homeopathic Medical Society. Dr. Sherman is 
a man of advanced scientific proclivities and his study and investigation 
have covered a wide field. His prominence in this domain is indicated 
by his identification with the Wisconsin Natural History Society, the 



1282 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Wisconsin Archaeological Society, the Wisconsin Academy of Science, 
Arts and Letters, the Amercian Association for the Advancement of 
Science, and the Wisconsin Mycological Society of which last mentioned 
he is president. He is a member of the Wisconsin Historical Society. 
He is a member of the pharmacopoeia committee of the American In- 
stitute of Homeopathy and his labors in this connection have been of value 
to his professional confreres throughout the Union, as he personally 
prepared a large part of the extensive data appearing in the authoritative 
volume covering the field of Homeopathic pharmacopoeia. He has served 
as president of the Wisconsin Homeopathic Medical Society and he has 
the distinction of owning and conducting the only exclusive Homeopathic 
pharmacy in Wisconsin, his well equipped establishment being located 
at 448 Jackson street, Milwaukee. 

Dr. Sherman has for many years given special attention to the study 
of botany, and at his pharmacy he has a large and interesting collec- 
tion of botanical specimens, as well as of specific scientific publications. 
A number of years ago he made a standing proposition to the effect that 
he would present five dollars to any person who would bring to him 
a plant growth, native to Wisconsin, which he would fail to identify 
by name and when standing at an appreciable distance from the ob- 
ject. It is sufficient to say that, though many attempts were made, no 
one succeeded in winning the money thus tendered, — a fact that vouches 
for the broad and accurate knowledge of the Doctor in matters per- 
tainiug to the- interesting science of botany. He has also given close 
attention to conchology and mycology, and in these lines also he has 
made a large and valuable collection of specimens. In the midst of the 
manifold exactions of his professional and business activities he has 
found time and opportunity to extend his reading and investigation 
to wide limits, has contributed much to the periodical literature of his 
profession and is the author of a valuable work entitled "Sherman's 
Theraputics, " which has been translated into German and published 
in that language, besides another, entitled "Handbook of Pronuncia- 
tion." In 1889 he erected the substantial, three-story building in .which 
his pharmacy is quartered. He erected the Vermont apartment build- 
ing, named in honor of his native state. This fine structure, modern in 
design and equipment, is four stories in height, contains sixteen apart- 
ments, and is eligibly located on Mason street. 

Dr. Sherman has been continuously concerned in maintaining a 
Homeopathic pharmacy in Milwaukee since 1872 and in this enter- 
prise he was originally associated with the late Dr. J. S. Douglass, 
who retired at the expiration of two years, by reason of his advanced 
age. Since that time Dr. Sherman has conducted the pharmacy in 
an individual way and has kept the same up to a high standard, his 
professional offices also being maintained at his pharmacy, at 448 
Jackson street. He is president of the Jewett & Sherman Company, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1283 

which is successfully engaged in the importing of teas, coffees and 
spices and the manufacturing of baking powder, the headquarters of 
the company being at 289-91 Broadway. 

His political allegiance is given to the Republican party, he has 
received the thirty-second degree in the Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite of the time-honored Masonic fraternity. 

In the year 1876 was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Sherman to 
Miss Mary R. Tuttle, of Scranton, Pennsylvania, in which state she 
was born and reared. Of this union have been born four children, 
concerning whom brief data are given in conclusion of this review : 
Miss Gertrude remains at the parental home; Leta was the next in 
order of birth; Helen, who was formerly an able and popular instruct- 
or in the Milw T aukee-Downer College, is now employed in connection 
with the national pure-food department, in the city of Washington ; 
and Lewis, Jr., the only son, is treasurer of the Jewett & Sherman 
Company, of which his father is president, as already noted in this 
context. All of the children were afforded excellent educational ad- 
vantages, as is shown by the fact that all were graduated in the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. On the 26th of January, 1913, Lewis Sher- 
man, Jr., was united in marriage to Miss Erminie Rost, daughter of 
Frank Rost, a representative citizen of Milwaukee. The marriage cere- 
mony was performed at St. James' church and the bridal tour of the 
young couple comprised a journey around the world. The home of 
Dr. Sherman is at 176 Mason street. Mrs. Sherman died in 1911. 

W. H. Berray. Since 1897 postmaster at Wautoma, Mr. Berray ia 
one of the veteran newspaper men of Waushara county and vicinity, 
having learned the art preservative when a youth, and having been a 
publisher and editor at Wautoma for over a quarter of a century. He 
has likewise been a leader and influential factor in local affairs, both 
through his paper and personally. 

W. H. Berray, senior member of the firm of Berray & Holt, publish- 
ers of the Waushara Argus, a weekly newspaper issued at Wautoma, 
was born December 15, 1864, in Wautoma, a son of W. H. Berray. who 
was born in New York State and was a carpenter and builder by trade, 
having located in Wautoma, Wisconsin, about 1860. His death occurred 
in 1887. The senior Berray married Hannah Bartlett of Xew York 
State. Of their three children one is deceased, W. H. is the third and 
Oscar lives at Deadwood, South Dakota. 

Mr. W. H. Berray received his education in the common schools of 
Wautoma, grew 7 up in the town and early became acquainted with the 
printing trade and the newspaper business. In 1886 lie bought an inter- 
est in the Waushara Argus, and in 1905 became a partner with .Mr. Holt 
in that enterprise. They conduct an up-to-date country newspaper, 
keep its news columns clean and fresh, and maintain a vigorous editor- 

Vol. V— J 7 



1284 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

ial policy in behalf of good government and local improvement. Mr. 
Berray was appointed postmaster at Wautoma, June 1, 1897, and has 
served continuously in that office for the past sixteen years. He is a 
supporter of the Republican party, and fraternally is well known in 
Masonry, from the Blue Lodge to the thirty-second degree of Scottish 
Rite, also being a member of the Mystic Shrine. 

On February 2, 1887, Mr. Berray married Sue A. Tennant of Wau- 
toma. Her father, Gilbert Tennant, was one of the early settlers of 
Wautoma. 

James Wickham. As judge of the circuit court, James Wickham is 
well known and liked through a large circle of acquaintances and friends. 
A native son of Wisconsin he has spent all of his life within her borders 
and has given much of his time outside of his profession as well as 
within, to the service of the state and her people. Possessed of scrupu- 
lous honesty and a fine sense of justice his friends and enemies unite in 
declaring him one of the most competent men who has ever sat on the 
circuit court bench in this district. 

Judge Wickham comes by his ready wit and his ability to grasp a 
situation honestly, for he is the son of Irish parents. His father, Pat- 
rick Wickham, and his mother, Catherine Quigley, were born in County 
Wexford, Ireland. Patrick Wickham came to this country as a young 
man and landed in New York City. Here he was married to Catherine 
Quigley. They removed to Cleveland, Ohio, and later came west to 
Whitewater, Wisconsin. They eventually settled on a farm in Rich- 
land county, AVisconsin, and here they spent the remainder of their 
days, Mr. Wickham giving all his attention to the care of his farm. He 
was a Democrat in politics and held a number of township offices. Both 
Mr. Wickham and his wife died during the same year, 1894. They 
became the parents of seven children, but of this number only two are 
living, Thomas, who makes his home in Texas, and James, who was the 
next to the youngest. 

James Wickham was born in Richland county, Wisconsin, on the 
31st of January, 1862. He spent his youth on the farm, living a healthy 
existence, and growing up with a clear, strong mind as well as a strong 
body. He received his elementary education in the common schools of 
Richland county and in the Richland Center high school. He taught 
school for fourteen months commencing at the age of 17 years, at a 
salary of $22 per month. He afterwards matriculated at the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin, entering the law department. He was graduated 
from this institution in 1886 and soon after came to Eau Claire and 
opened a law office. He soon had a flourishing practice and devoted his 
time exclusively to this practice until the first of January, 1910, when 
he went on the bench as circuit judge of the 19th judicial circuit, hav- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN L285 

ing been elected to this office in April, 1909. He had formed a partner- 
ship with Frank R. Farr, under the firm name of Wickham and Fair, 
in June, 1889, and his election to the bench made it necessary to sever 
this relationship. From 1898 to 1905, inclusive, with tin- exception of the 
year 1899 he held the office of city attorney of Eau < 'lain-. His practice 
at the bar consisted, principally, in the trial of contested eases in the 
state and federal courts. His extensive practice, both in the trial courts 
and in the appellate courts, particularly fitted him for the position which 
he now holds. 

Judge Wickham has been twice married, his first wife being Ida II"- 
kin, a native of Eau Claire, Wisconsin. This marriage took plan- on the 
10th of August, 1891, and four children were born of this union, as 
follows: Arthur, William, Catherine, and Walter. Mrs. Ida Wickham 
died on December 28th, 1901. Helen Koppelberger, a native of Canada, 
became the wife of Judge Wickham on the 28th of November, 1908. 

Reinhaet Meyer. One of the prosperous industries which arc giving 
distinction to Merrill as a manufacturing center is the R. Meyer Box *S: 
Veneer Factory, the proprietor of which is Reinhart Meyer, for many 
years identified with the agricultural activities of Lincoln county, and 
also prominent in civic and political affairs. Mr. Meyer has operated 
the factory since 1909. It was established by his brother Emil Meyer 
about 1904, and Reinhart bought the establishment several years ago. 
He employs about thirty men, and the output comprises cheese boxes, 
fruit and other kinds of crates, and has a wide distribution over this 
section of Wisconsin. 

Mr. Reinhart Meyer has lived in Lincoln county since 1893, and his, 
home was on a farm in the town of Corning until 1911. when he moved 
to Merrill. His Wisconsin residence dates from 1891, and he worked 
on a farm in Dodge county for a year or two. He was born in Ger- 
many, February 1, 1874, a son of Herman and Amelia Meyer. His early 
years were spent in his native land, where he acquired the substantial 
education afforded to German children. 'When he was about seventeen 
years old, he and his father came to America, and three months Later 
they were followed by the mother and another son. They came direct to 
Dodge county, Wisconsin, where the son Reinhart found work on a 
farm, and it was through the avenue of hard work at wages that Rein- 
hart Meyer got his start, and finally achieved independence. In I s " 3 
the family all came to Lincoln county, settling on a farm in the town of 
Scott. The father still lived there. For two seasons Reinhart Meyer 
worked on the farm in Dodge county, and during one winter attended 
school. 

Three years after moving to Lincoln county, in the fall of 1896, Mr. 
Meyer married Louisa Meyer, a daughter of Gottleib Meyer, of the same 
name, but no relationship. Her father was a farmer, and Reinhart Meyer 



1286 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

was employed on the farm, and began married life there. When he took 
charge the estate comprised only one hundred and sixty-eight acres of 
land, and Mr. Meyer subsequently bought a section of six hundred and 
forty acres, which he developed and made one of the best country estates 
in Lincoln county. This farm was sold in December, 1911, and since 
February, 1912, the family have had their home in Merrill. Mr. and 
Mrs. Meyer are the parents of four children, namely: Hattie, Walter, 
Edna and Theodore. 

Mr. Meyer was appointed by Governor McGovern as a delegate to 
the second annual drainage congress to meet at New Orleans, but on 
account of business was unable to attend. Of his public services it should 
be mentioned that he served as chairman of the town of. Corning prior 
to his removal to Merrill. He is now representing the Sixth Ward in 
the Merrill City council, and was a member of the Board of Public 
Works, during 1912. He also gave service on the school board, and 
as school clerk in the town of Corning for several years. 

George Benjamin Miller was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Novem- 
ber 29, 1881, and is the son of Andrew Galbraith and Martha E. (Good- 
win) Miller, and the great-grandson of the late Judge Andrew Galbraith 
Miller, who was appointed Associate Judge of the territory of Wiscon- 
sin in November, 1838, and who gave long and faithful service on the 
bench of the eastern district of Wisconsin, resigning from his office in 
1870, soon after which he passed away. 

The father of the subject was born in Albany, New York, but was 
reared and educated in Milwaukee, and here was admitted to the bar. 
Both the mother and father are living here at this writing, and the father 
is engaged as attorney for the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance 
Company of Milwaukee. 

George B. Miller was educated in the Milwaukee Public Schools, and 
is a graduate of the East Division High School, class of 1901. His high 
school training was followed by two years in Montana in the Crow In- 
dian Reservation where he was* employed as an irrigating engineer, after 
which he returned to Milwaukee . and identified himself with the real 
estate business. He was connected with The Savings and Investment 
Association when Mr. W. T. Durand was president of that concern. 
Mr. Durand was the leading insurance man in the city and had the lead- 
ing agency in Milwaukee when he died in 1909, and following his death 
the subject took charge of the agency, combining it -with the business 
of James B. Leedom, who also has a sketch in this work, and continuing 
the business under the present name of the W. T. Durand-Leedom 
Agency, which is one of the strongest fire and casualty insurance firms 
in Milwaukee. 

Mr. Miller is a member of the Town Club, the Milwaukee Athletic 
Club and the City Club, and is prominent socially in the city. He was 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1287 

married on September 6, 1911, to Miss Inez F. Fuller, the daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Clyde Fuller of Milwaukee, one of the leading 
bankers of Wisconsin. Mr. Fuller is represented in a biographical 
sketch elsewhere in this work. The marriage of Mr. Miller and Miss 
Fuller was solemnized on Wednesday evening, September 6, 1911. at 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Mrs. Miller was born at Atlanta, Georgia, 
but was educated in the east and in this city. One daughter has been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Miller, — Inez Elizabeth Miller. The family resi- 
dence is maintained at 855 Summit avenue. 

Fred Oscar Hodson. One of the thoroughly representative young 
business men of Stevens Point and of those who is fast making his wax- 
to the front in the enterprises with which he is identified, is Fred Oscar 
Hodson, manufacturer of ice-cream and the proprietor of the Stockton 
Creamery at this place. Mr. Hodson comes of an old and honored pioneer 
family, the name of Hodson having been known in this part of the state 
for many years. Fred 0. Hodson is of Eastern birth, born in Penobscot 
county, Maine, on May 14, 1865, and is a son of John N. and Laura 
(Johnson) Hodson, of an old established family in that state. John N. 
Hodson followed the lumber business in the east, rafting on the rivers 
and in other activities with that industry. His first wife died while they 
were residents of Maine and for his second wife he married her sister. 
Belle Johnson, then a resident of Minneapolis. From then until the close 
of his life John N. Hodson was more or less associated with business 
life in Portage county, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Hodson first came to Stevens Point, having followed a half 
brother, William Allen, to that place. William Allen was a pioneer 
sawmill man and millwright, and he is still remembered by many of 
the old settlers of these parts as a thrifty and competent workman. He 
built mills all along the Plover river, and among the buildings that still 
stand as a mark of his workmanship might be mentioned the Brown 
Brothers' Mill at Rhinelander. In 1855 he built, the house in which 
Fred Oscar Hodson now lives, the same having seen a number of changes 
and improvements, however, since that time. William Allen died in 
1908 aged eighty-three years, and his daughter, Mrs. Rose Raymond, 
the wife of Charles Raymond, is the only child of his who still lives here. 
The others have settled in Michigan and there maintain their homes 
and business activities. He came to the west in the early fifties, bringing 
his family in 1853. 

John N. Hodson, the father of Fred 0.. of this review, worked for 
many years under the supervision of his half-brother. Mr. Allen, and 
he too is known for the mills he built all through this country, lb' is 
now retired and lives at Roxbury, Massachusetts. He became the father 
of two children. Fred Oscar Hodson is the child of his first marriage, 



1288 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

and Genevieve, of the second union, is a teacher in a school for boys 
at Cornwall, Connecticut. 

Fred 0. Hodson was about ten years of age when he came west with 
his father, "Wisconsin being regarded as decidedly west by natives of 
Maine, and though he had gone to school a little in Penobscot county, his 
education was not added to very materially in Wisconsin. He gained 
his education, such as it is, chiefly by observation and his association with 
the lumber business! added not a little to his mental equipment. After 
the death of his mother he was practically an orphan, as his father's 
extended absence in the wilds of the state left him much alone and with- 
out parental guidance of any sort. Reared for the most part in the homes 
of relatives, young Hodson was still very young when he set out for 
himself in life. For a while he worked on the farm for his uncle and 
others, much as the average country youth of limited advantages has 
done and will continue to do, and in 1890 he took employment with a 
railroad, but before long returned to Portage county. Previous to that, 
however, he had worked in the dairy business near Stevens Point, on the 
dairy farm of M. E. Means, and there he had an insight into that enter- 
prise that clung to him through the years. In 1892, after his try at 
railroad work, the young man engaged in business for himself as a milk 
dealer, buying a herd of cattle from a local cattleman after a short 
time. Two years later he sold his cattle, though he still Continued 
in the milk business as a dealer. In the early days he sold on an average 
of three hundred and fifty quarts of milk daily. Today, he runs two 
wagons and delivers some four hundred quarts per day^ In 1901 he en- 
gaged in the ice cream business, and since that time he has devoted the 
major part of his attention to that phase, of his business, in which he 
has been successful from the beginning. Straightforward business 
methods and close attention to his own affairs have been the main elements 
that have entered into his success, and he is now at the head of a very 
promising business. 

In 1912 Mr. Hodson bought the creamery at Stockton, Wisconsin, 
from B. L. Ward, and this department of his enterprise buys milk from 
the farmers thereabouts to the extent of about $1,000 monthly. 

In 1905 Mr. Hodson bought his Water street residence, purchasing 
the place from his father, who in his turn had bought it from William 
Allen, his half brother, previously mentioned. This place Mr. Hod- 
son has remodeled and improved in many respects so that it is one of 
the commodious and comfortable residences in the city. 

Mr. Hodson has been twice married. He was first married in 1893 
to Miss Fannie Zellmar of Oshkosh, Wisconsin. She died on March 28, 
1899, leaving one child, Verna Hodson. On December 1, 1905, he married 
Mabel Scott, a daughter of Ellison G. Scott. Mr. Hodson is a member 
of the Odd Fellows and of the Modern Woodmen of America. He is 
not one who has ever taken an active interest in politics, but he has served 





thn^A^yhf^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1289 

as an alderman from the Second ward, and he voles the Republican 
ticket. As a business man, he is one of the up-to-date and progressive 
order, and one who has made his own way, unaided and untaught, saw 
as he learned from that most reliable teacher, experience. 

George Parnsworth Thompson, M. D. A native son of Wisconsin, 
the son of an old pioneer in the lumber district of the northern half 
of the state, and an alumnus of the State University, Dr. Thompson 
is now regarded as one of the leading physicians and surgeons of the 
.city of Chicago, in which city all his practice has been performed. 

George Farnsworth Thompson was born in Oconto county, Wis- 
consin, March 17, 1875, a son of Moses C. and Margaret (Bellew) 
Thompson. His father, who was born at Dexter, in Kennebec county. 
Maine, in 1834, and who died in 1912, spent his boyhood days on his 
father's farm in Kennebec county, receiving a public school educa- 
tion until he was eighteen years of age. Being one of twelve chil- 
dren, he had to get out and hustle for himself at an early age. and in 
1852 went to Canada, where he lived for three years. In 1855 In- 
arrived at Milwaukee, went to Green Bay, and in 1S56 became one of 
the pioneer settlers at Oconto in Oconto county. He was identified 
with the Oconto Lumber Company, of which he rose to the position 
of general superintendent, and forty years of his active career were 
given to the management of that company's affairs. He was one of 
the builders of the first logging roads in the wilderness of Ocono 
county, and was connected w T ith practically every phase of the great 
lumber business in that section of the state. He retired in 1900, and 
spent the last twelve years in the peaceful enjoyment of a well spent 
career. He never cared for public office, and in politics was in early 
life a Whig and afterwards a Republican. In his section of Wisconsin 
he was one of the strongest supporters of Abraham Lincoln. He was 
married in Chicago in 1873 to Miss Bellew, who was born in Dundalk 
County Louth, Ireland, in 1844, and is still living. There were three 
children by their marriage: Dr. Thompson. Leola, wife of Dr. A. 1?. 
Storm of Chicago, and May. 

Dr. Thompson grew up in Oconto county, attended the grade and 
high schools of Oconto city, and after graduation from high school 
in 1892, entered the University of Wisconsin, and took his Bachelor 
of Science degree there in 1896. During his college career he had 
determined upon the medical profession as his life work, and after 
leaving college matriculated in the medical department o\' North- 
western University, and later became a student in the Rush Medical 
College of Chicago, graduating M. D. in 1899. For eighteen months 
he was an interne in the Cook County Hospital, and then was engaged 
in the general practice of medicine up to 1907 in Chicago. Since that 
time he has devoted nearly all his attention to his special work as 



1290 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

surgeon, and it is as a skillful surgeon that he is best known to the 
profession. Dr. Thompson is serving as attending surgeon at Cook 
County Hospital, and has held that position for the last ten years. 
He is also attending surgeon to the West Side Hospital, a professor 
of surgery in the medical department of the State University, is 
professor of surgical gynecology in the Illinois Post Graduate Col- 
lege and is Chicago surgeon for the- Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway Company. Dr. Thompson has membership in the 
Chicago Medical Society, the Illinois Medical Society, the Chicago 
Surgical Society, the Railway Surgeons Association, and the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. During his career in Wisconsin University 
he played half-back position on the Badger Football Team, and has been 
an interested follower of the great college game ever since. In 
politics the doctor is a Republican. 

On June 11, 1902, Dr. Thompson married Irma Sturm, who was 
born in Chicago, a daughter of Adolph Sturm, one of the pioneer 
business men of that city. Her father died in 1911. Four daughters 
were born to Dr. Thompson and wife : Dorothy Joan, Irma Beatrice, 
Helen and Georgiana. 

Emanuel E. A. Wurster. Probably no citizen of Milwaukee has 
won a more distinctive position in manufacturing and general commer- 
cial circles than Mr. Wurster, secretary and treasurer of the Falk Manu- 
facturing Company. He began his career something more than thirty 
years ago as a bookkeeper for A. Gambler & Co. and became prominently 
identified with Milwaukee in 1880. He was one of the organizers about 
twenty years ago of the Falk Manufacturing Company, which has become 
one of the largest concerns engaged in the manufacture of steel products 
in the entire northwest. 

Emanuel E. A. Wurster is a native of the city of Buffalo, New York, 
where he was born March 11, 1861, a son of Gottlieb Martin and Rosena 
Kathrine Wurster, both parents being natives of Wurtemberg, Germany. 
The parents were both born in the year 1819, and in 1848 the father 
and mother emigrated to America and located at Buffalo, where in a few 
years by his industry and thrift he had risen to a position as one of 
the most prominent millers. There were nine children in the family of 
the parents, and all died in infancy with the exception of the Milwau- 
kee manufacturer, above named. 

During his boyhood and youth he attended the public schools of 
Buffalo, New York, and in 1874 was sent west to Watertown, AVisconsin, 
to continue his education in the Northwestern University at that city. 
He subsequently returned to his home city of Buffalo, and after a course 
at Spencer Business College he returned in 1880 to Wisconsin to make 
Milwaukee his permanent home, and in that city became associated with 
the Franz Falk Brewing Company and its successors, Falk, Jung & 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1291 

Borchert and Pabst Brewing Co., in which he used his abilities to such 
advantage as to effectively promote the business welfare of the company 
and at the same time to secure his own advancement through various 
grades of responsibility. He was one of the competent and independent 
young business men of the city, in 1894, at which time he severed his 
connection with the brewing company to start in business with Herman 
W. Falk, organizing the Falk Manufacturing Company. Mr. Wurster 
became secretary and treasurer and has retained those offices under 
the subsequent reorganization and changes of title of the corporation 
to the Falk Company. To Mr. Wurster's enterprise and executive ability 
are due many of the details of management and methods in business 
administrations which have made the Falk Company preeminent in its 
field over a large section of the United States. 

Mr. Wurster is prominent in both business and social circles of his 
home city. He is an active member of the Merchants & Manufacturers 
Association; is a Scottish Rite Mason, with thirty- two degrees, and affil- 
iated with the Consistory and the Mystic Shrine; and has membership 
in the Milwaukee Club, Deutscher Club, the Calumet Club, the Milwau- 
kee Athletic Club, and Blue Mound Country Club, while the church 
connection of himself and family has been the St. James' Episcopal. 

On February 19, 1891, Mr. Wurster married Miss Hattie Schultz. 
of Watertown, Wisconsin, a daughter of Carl W. Schultz, who is a sub- 
stantial and well known merchant of that city. The two children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Wurster are : Erwin G., who is a rising young attorney of Mil- 
waukee, and mentioned on other pages of this work; and Hattie S.. who 
is the wife of Charles D. Beaton, of Omaha, Nebraska. Both children 
were born in Milwaukee. The residence of Mr. Wurster and family is 
at 3207 Highland Boulevard. 

George H. Allen. When the brass works were established at Kenosha 
some years ago the new enterprise was considered as one of the most 
important additions to the industrial activities of that city, and they 
still rank high among those large concerns which have given Kenosha 
such an eminent place among Wisconsin's industrial centers. Con- 
ducted for a number of years under the name of the Chicago Brass Com- 
pany, the business in 1912 was sold and merged with the American 
Brass Company, and the business is now known as the Kenosha Branch 
of the American Brass Company. Affiliated with the local company are 
four or five other large concerns of national scope, notably the Ansonia 
Brass & Copper Works at Ansonia, Connecticut, the Benedict and Burn- 
ham branch at Waterbury. Connecticut, the Coe Brass Works at Torring- 
ton, Connecticut, the Coe Brass Branch at Ansonia. Connecticut, and the 
Waterbury Brass Branch at Waterbury. At Kenosha are manufactured 
brass, copper, bronze, and German silver in sheets, plates, rolls, wire. 
rods, tubes, blanks and shells. Under the business corporation known 



1292 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

as the Chicago Brass Company the officers were Charles F. Brooker, 
president; John A. Coe, Jr., vice president, George H. Allen, treasurer; 
and Clifford G. Hackett, secretary. 

Mr. George H. Allen, who is vice president of the American Brass 
Company, Kenosha branch, was at one time a laborer in the factory of the 
Coe Brass Company back in Connecticut. Many capable business execu- 
tives began their career in similar manner, but seldom does a man rise so 
rapidly from the ranks of laborer to the higher honors and rewards of 
business. 

George II. Allen was born August 4, 1879, in New Melford, Connec- 
ticut, a son of William and Caroline (Weaver) Allen. His parents were 
born in Connecticut, where the family had been residents for several 
generations. Up to his fifteenth year Mr. Allen received his education 
in the common schools, and then started out to earn his own way. He 
found a job in the mill of the Coe Brass Company, and after two years' 
work was graduated from the mill into the business offices, taking a place 
as a clerk for the Coe Brass Manufacturing Company at Torrington. 
He remained in that position for eight years, with increasing respon- 
sibilities and growing knowledge of every branch of the industry. In 
1905 he was sent out on the road as a traveling salesman for the con- 
cern, and called on the trade and distributed goods in that way until 
1908. In that year he was elected assistant treasurer and held that 
position until 1912. In that year the Chicago Brass Company at Kenosha 
was absorbed by the American Brass Company, and Mr. Allen took a 
place in the Kenosha organization as treasurer, and later as vice president 
in the larger corporation. Few men know the brass industry on all sides 
and in every detail so thoroughly as Mr. Allen, and he has earned every 
promotion granted him since he began his work in the mill. 

Mr. Allen is a member of the Masonic Order, having affiliation with 
the Blue Lodge in Waterbury, Connecticut, and with the Commandery 
and Chapter at Kenosha. He is also a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. His politics is 
Republican. 

Calvin Stewart. The part taken by Calvin Stewart in the affairs 
of Kenosha and Kenosha county has been that of an able and conscien- 
tious lawyer, whose affiliations have always been straightforward and 
honorable and who probably more than any other local attorney has 
represented the interests of the "common people,'' often the poorer 
classes, and his practice, which has been extensive and successful, has 
brought him into connection with the middle-class individuals rather than 
with the large corporate and wealthy clientage. Mr. Stewart is one of 
the most, popular members of the Kenosha bar, and has rendered many 
important services through his professional activities. 

Calvin Stewart entered the legal profession with an unusual equip- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1293 

meat of experience in the field of manual toil and commercial affairs. He 
was born February 22, 1868, on a farm- in Clinton county, Michigan. 
His family soon afterwards moved to Ionia county in the same state, 
where he was educated in the district schools. He also attended the 
I. M. Pouchers' Business College and the M. A. Grayes' Literary Insti- 
tute. His parents, like most farmers, believed in educating their chil- 
dren in the arts of manual practice as well as through books, and he 
accordingly early learned all the duties of farm life. He continued 
at work on the home farm until he was eighteen years old, and then 
earned his bread by the sweat of his brow in a foundry and ear shop. 
At the age of twenty-one he found a place on the road as a commercial 
traveler, and during the four years of that occupation, he sold goods 
in nearly all of the middle and western states. 

In 1893 Mr. Stewart began the study of law in the office of Ritchie 
& Heck at Racine. He was admitted to practice before the supreme 
court of Wisconsin February 18, 1896, and some time later was admitted 
before the Federal Courts. For the past seventeen years he has been 
in active practice in Wisconsin, and fully seventy-five per cent of his 
civil practice has been representative of the poor. He understands the 
hardworking people, and these members of society have always trusted 
him implicitly, so that most of his business has been in handling their 
cases. While he is not opposed to corporations as an industrial necessity 
and important asset in commercial affairs, it has so happened that his 
professional connections have always been entirely with individuals. 
and he is therefore free from any possible taint of corporation con- 
trol or influence. 

Mr. Stewart has for a number of years been active in Democratic 
politics in his district, In 1901 he was nominated for congress, and in 
that year when Judge Parker was the presidential candidate, although 
the entire ticket was defeated. Mr. Stewart ran ahead of the presiden- 
tial nominee in this district by nearly three thousand votes. In explana- 
tion of this vote it may be said that while his personal popularity was 
undoubtedly a factor, the vote was rather due to the progressive prin- 
ciples for which Mr. Stewart has always stood. In 1910 he was again 
the Democratic nominee for congress in his district, but on account of 
the "twenty per cent'' law, most of the counties had no county ticket. 
In Kenosha county where there was a full county ticket in the field, Mr. 
Stewart carried the county for the first time in twenty years in favor of 
a Democratic candidate, his plurality being nearly two hundred. In 
1912 he was again successful as a candidate at the Democratic primaries, 
and in the subsequent election decreased the majority of his opponent 
from fourteen thousand to about five thousand. 

Mr. Stewart has his law offices at 252 Main street in Kenosha. He 
is connected with various local organizations in his city, and through 
his political activities, his name is well known through the first congres- 



1294 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

sional district. Mr. Stewart married Miss Emma Werve, a daughter of 
Matthias Werve, who for so many years has been prominent in manu- 
facturing circles at Kenosha. 

Albert E. Buckm aster. The bar of Kenosha county has one of its 
ablest members in Albert E. Buckmaster, who has practiced law in that 
city for the past twenty years, made a record of special efficiency, while 
district attorney, and has made high connections in his professional 
activities. Like many successful lawyers, he entered his profession 
through the avenue of teaching, from which occupation he derived the 
means to continue his university education. 

A native son of Wisconsin, born in Fayette, Lafayette county, Sep- 
tember 6, 1863, Albert E. Buckmaster is a son of Benjamin F. and Alfreda 
(Cook) Buckmaster. His people were farmers, and it was on a farm 
that Albert E. Buckmaster spent his youth, and thus had a wholesome 
environment during the plastic period of his boyhood. He attended the 
district schools, and was graduated from the Darlington high school in 
the class of 1881. For two years he was engaged in teaching, and then 
entered the state university at Madison, where he was graduated in the 
English classical course in 1889. After leaving the university he took 
the principalship of the schools of West Salem, and continued as a teacher 
for three years. In the meantime he had taken up the study of law at 
the University, and gained a high standing in his law class work. He 
was the first president of the Columbian Law Society. Admitted to the 
bar in 1894, Mr. Buckmaster at once opened his office in Kenosha, and 
has since been identified with the local bar. For a period of ten years 
he was district attorney. He has been a member of the Soldiers' Relief 
Commission for several years, and is on the board of directors of the 
Young Men 's Christian Association. He is also a director in the Masonic 
Temple Association, and treasurer of its board, and for six years was 
a member of the Board of Education of Kenosha. 

On December 22, 1891, Mr. Buckmaster married Miss Nellie Stalker, 
a daughter of Dr. H. J. and Ellen M. (MacNeill) Stalker, of Mauston, 
Wisconsin. The three children born to them are : Ben, Dean and Bruce. 
Mr. Buckmaster is affiliated with Kenosha Lodge No. 47, A. F. & A. M., 
with Chapter No. 3, R. A. M., and Kenosha Commandery No. 30, Knights 
Templar, and in politics is an active Republican. 

Rev. Theodore B. Meyer. That St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church 
of Racine is now one of the strongest and most efficient parishes of 
the church in Wisconsin, is due primarily to the devoted services of 
its pastors and more particularly to the Rev. Theodore B. Meyer. 
The record of the parish during his seventeen years of pastoral super- 
vision, is sufficient evidence of Father Meyer's excellent ability as 
pastor and church executive, but with these qualities, he also unites 






£^<(S-7?£<fi- 




HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1295 

an equally important one of spiritual adviser to his people. Father 
Meyer is a native of Racine county, and is one of the most public 
spirited citizens of Racine, his interest and cooperations with the 
material and civic improvements of this city, heing none the less 
because of his onerous duties as head of St. Mary 'a Parish. 

A brief sketch of Father Meyer's work in St. Mary's Parish, has 
an appropriate place in this history of Wisconsin. Transferred to 
Racine by Most Rev. Archbishop F. X. Katzer, Father Meyer came 
to Racine in the second week of November, 1896. Local conditions 
were not encouraging, and it was in consideration of Father Meyers' 
previous successful experience as an upbuilder of backward church 
communities that he was sent to Racine, where he had ample opportu- 
nity for the exercise of his administrative abilities. There was a 
church debt of $7,500, while interest in the church societies and aux- 
iliary organizations was at a low ebb. Both the school and parish 
houses needed repairs, and all conditions were in a non-progressive 
state. With his characteristic enthusiasm and energy, and with the 
encouragement afforded by his cordial welcome in the parish, Father 
Meyer took hold of his work with vigor. He reorganized the old 
societies, and founded new ones. On January 6, 1897, he changed the 
Women's Sodality to a Christian Mothers' Association, under the 
direction of the church, an organization, which started out with a 
membership of nearly 150, and grew rapidly. In May, 1897, was 
founded the Sodality of the Immaculate Conception, which also grew 
to successful membership. On St. Aloysuis' day, in 1897, was organ- 
ized the St. Aloysius Society. During July, 1898, the different church 
societies, held a successful fair for raising money to discharge the 
general debt, and the profits of about $2,500.00 did much to lessen 
the parish obligations. In 1900 Father Meyer had the parish house 
renovated, at an expense of $1,800, the entire house being equipped 
with hot water heat, and other modern improvements. His attention 
was then turned to the school house, which was in a very bad state 
of disrepair. A meeting held in June, 1901, resolved to build an addi- 
tion, as well as repair the old building. This resolution was passed 
unanimously, and. the new building, commenced under plans made 
by D. R. Davis. Louis Tharinger, carpenter, and John Siepler, mason, 
were the contractors, and both of them deserve much credit in the 
church annals, for the excellent manner in which they fulfilled their 
obligations. It cost over $6,000 to make the improvements and addi- 
tion, and the work was completed in November. The dedication of 
the remodeled building occurred on Thanksgiving Day. Rev. J. A. 
Birkhauser, assisted by various priests of the city, having charge of 
the ceremonies, and the day's events concluded with an entertain- 
ment and supper given in the building during the evening, this last 
feature resulting in a considerable profit for the benefit of the church. 



1296 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

St. Mary's church is located at the corner of Eighth street and Col- 
lege avenue, the school adjoining it on the south. In 1911 the parish 
bought the two "Stone" lots adjoining the parsonage on the south, 
and these in part are uoav being used as play grounds for the chil- 
dren of the parish school. As a result of seventeen years of faithful 
service on the part of Father Meyer, the parish buildings are all now 
in excellent condition, and many other improvements than those 
noted have been made. The parish congregation has courageously 
assumed its heavy burden, and the parish is now one of the most 
prosperous and contented in this state. 

Theodore B. Meyer was born in Caledonia, Racine county, Wis- 
consin, February 13th, 1853. His paternal grandfather was a native 
of Kaltenborn, Germany, where he was a small farmer and miner, 
his death coming as a result of an accident in a mine. His wife's 
maiden name was Jungmann, and they reared a large family. 

Peter Meyer, father of the St. Mary's pastor Avas also born in 
Kaltenborn the Rhine Province, Prussia, near the city of Trevs where 
he was reared and received an excellent education. As a young man, 
in 1845, he came to America, making his first location at Racine; that 
was during the territorial period of Wisconsin's history, and he thus 
became one of the pioneers in the development of the land. From 
Racine, he soon afterward moved to Milton Junction in Rock county, 
where he began work as a farmer laborer. In 1847, he returned to 
the Fatherland, and the following Spring came again to America, 
this time, accompanied by his sisters Mary and Magdalene. In 1850 
occurred his settlement in the western part of Caledonia township, 
Racine county. With a farm of 80 acres, he was engaged in agricul- 
ture in that vicinity for many years, and subsequently established 
and carried on a general store. 

Peter Meyer, was among the founders of the St. Louis Roman 
Catholic church at Caledonia. The movement which resulted in the 
establishment of this parish began in 1850, and Peter Meyer and 
wife were both charter members, and as long as they lived took an 
active part in the work of the church. Mr. Meyer donated two acres 
of land, from his farm, on which the church edifice was built. A 
man of unusual intelligence, and successful in business affairs, he 
was also honored by positions of trust and responsibility in the com- 
munity, serving as town clerk, town treasurer, and supervisor. After 
he had come to this country, and in the midst of the hard work, which 
he had to perforin in order to earn a living, he studied English at 
Milton, on the farm where he was employed, and subsequently taught 
one of the first schools in Madison, and another term near that city. 

Peter Meyer married Angeline Epper. She was born at Merseh, 
Kreis Bittburg, Germany, a daughter of Jacob and Susan (Huss) 
Epper. Jacob Epper, her father, came to America in 1848, and set- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1297 

tied at Paris, Kenosha county, where he became a well known farmer. 
His old homestead is still standing in that vicinity. Mrs. Jacob Epper 
reached the advanced age of ninety-three years, and she and her 
husband reared a large family. Their oldest son was a soldier in the 
Prussian army, and was reputed to be the strongest man physically 
in the army, at that time. 

Of the thirteen children of Peter Meyer and wife, twelve of them 
grew to maturity, ten of them married and nine had families. One 
daughter, Sister Mary Jerome, has been for thirty-four years a mem- 
ber of the Dominican Convent at Racine. Two of the 'sons, John ami 
Peter, are residents of Milwaukee, the former being a teacher and 
organist in St. Francis church, and the latter a merchant. The mother 
passed away August 2, 1884, age fifty-four, while tin- father spent 
many of his later years, with his son Father Meyer, and attained to 
the great age of 90 years, passing away July 21, 11)13. 

The early life of Father Meyer was spent in his native township of 
Caledonia. The first Catholic school, in the old parish, which his 
father had been so active in founding, was opened in 1856, and he 
w r as a student in that school from 1858 until 1865. Then in the tall 
of 1868, he entered St. Francis' Seminary at Milwaukee, where he 
continued his studies in preparation for the priesthood until June 
24, 1887, at which date he was ordained to the priesthood by Arch- 
bishop Henni. His first pastoral service was in Oshkosh. where he 
served as assistant to Father Reindl, at the St. Vincent de Paul church 
from July, 1877, to December of the same year. Granville, in Mil- 
waukee county, was his next appointment, where he was pastor <>t' 
St. Catherine's and St. Michael's from December 23, 1877, until Decem- 
ber, 1880. At the latter date, Archbishop Henni transferred him to 
Wilson, Sheboygan county, to take charge of the churches of St. 
George and St, Rose. His pastoral duties held him there until Septem- 
ber, 1887, and during that time he had his first opportunity of ;i 
church builder, and executive. In 1884, he had the interior of both 
churches beautifully decorated, and made repairs to the school houses 
in both parishes. In 1886 he erected a fine parish house for Si. 
George's. 

A still more important field of work awaited Father Meyer at St. 
Mary's in Saukville, Ozaukee county, Wisconsin, where he began his 
work on September 16th, 1887, and continued his fruitful labors until 
October, 1896. The parish, when he took charge, was struggling 
under a debt of $4,000, but under his efficient management, this was 
soon liquidated. In 1891 the interior of the church Mas remodeled, 
and ornamented with beautiful and substantial improvements. In 
1896, the school building was enlarged, and though all of these im- 
provements required large expenditures, the parish was practically 
free from debt when Father Meyer left it. He himself had collected 



1298 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

$8,000 for the purposes of his work. During his nine years' stay at 
Saukville, he had been able, in addition to the numerous burdens of 
other duties to visit the entire parish at least five times. 

On July 2, 1902, at Racine was celebrated the silver jubilee of 
Father Meyer's entrance into the priesthood. It had not been his 
intention to give any special observation to that event, but at the 
insistence of his numerous friends, it was decided to hold appropriate 
services, and the occasion became one of great festivities. More than 
seventy priests, among them the vicars general of Milwaukee and 
La Crosse, were in attendance at the ceremony. The members of 
St. Mary's parish, in particular, vie with each other in showing 
their appreciation of the worthy father, whose labors had done so 
much to build up the parish, and to reconstruct its official and social 
organizations. By their demonstrations on that day, they in reality 
gave Father Meyer credit for the entire prosperity and flourishing 
condition in which the parish was then found. A .few months after 
this celebration, on Father Meyer's personal account, occurred the 
fiftieth anniversary of the founding of St. Mary's congregation. The 
event was celebrated on Thanksgiving day of 1902, under the auspices 
of Father Meyer. The Golden Jubilee ceremonies were very impres- 
sive and largely attended, and among the distinguished church digni- 
taries who lent their presence to the festival was Archbishop Katzer. 
These festivals occurred more than ten years ago, and the promises 
of continued prosperity then evidenced by so many important improve- 
ments have since been more than fulfilled, and it would now be pos- 
sible to point out even more substantial results of Father Meyer's 
labors than were in evidence ten years ago, when he celebrated his 
own Silver Jubilee. 

Philip L. Spooner. Through his character aud achievement Hon. 
Philip Loring Spooner has conferred dignity and distinction upon the 
state of "Wisconsin, even as has his older brother, Hon. John Coit 
Spooner, who gained national distinction through exalted service in the 
United States senate and in other high offices of public trust and respon- 
sibility. He whose name initiates this review has long been one of the 
most honored and influential citizens of Madison, the fair capital city 
of "Wisconsin, and he has contributed in most generous measure to its 
civic and material progress and prosperity, even as he has given zealous 
and effective services in offices of public trust, including that of mayor 
of Madison and that of state insurance commissioner of "Wisconsin, 
of which post he was the first incumbent after the establishing of this 
important office. Quiet and unassuming in manner, Mr. Spooner has 
marked the passing years with large and worthy accomplishment, and 
thus has given added laurels to family names that have been closely 
and prominently identified with American history since the early colonial 
epoch. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1299 

Mr. Spooner was born at Lawrenceburg, judicial center of Dear- 
born county, Indiana, on the 13th of January, 1847, and he has been a 
resident of Wisconsin since his boyhood days, his father having been 
one of the most prominent and distinguished pioneer citizens of Madison, 
this state. Mr. Spooner is the second of the distinguished sons of Philip 
L. and Lydia (Coit) Spooner and bears the full patronymic of his hon- 
ored father. He is a scion of the staunchest of New England stock, and 
his paternal great-grandfather, Philip Spooner, was a valiant soldier of 
the Continental line in the war of the Revolution, as was also the ma- 
ternal great-grandfather, Colonel Samuel Coit, who commanded a regi- 
ment in the great struggle for national independence and who was known 
as a fearless and aggressive soldier and officer, as well as a patriot of the 
highest type. Representatives of both the Spooner and Coit families 
likewise were found enrolled as gallant soldiers in the war of 1812, and 
the two families have, in fact, given loyal soldiers to virtually every 
war in which the nation has been involved. Hon. Roger Coit, grand- 
father of Mr. Spooner on the distaff side, was a distinguished and influen- 
tial citizen of Connecticut, and long maintained his residence at Plain- 
field, Windham county, that state. 

Judge Philip Loring Spooner, father of him whose name initiates 
this review, gained high prestige as one of the leading members of the 
bar of Wisconsin and was a prominent figure in that brilliant galaxy 
of lawyers who made the bar of Madison, the capital city, one of the 
most eminent in the northwest in the early days. He was a man of 
exalted character and high intellectual and professional attainments, 
so that he was a natural leader in sentiment and action, even as he com- 
manded at all times the unqualified confidence and esteem of his fel- 
low men. He had much to do with shaping and fortifying the early 
governmental policies of Wisconsin and was called to various positions 
of public trust, including that of judge on the bench of the circuit 
court. He was summoned to the life eternal in 1887. at the age of 
seventy-seven years, and in the circuit court of Dane county, in the 
United States district court, and in the supreme court of the state 
special proceedings marked the high appreciation of his character and 
ability on the part of the bench and bar of the state, the while his home 
community manifested a sincere sense of loss and bereavement when 
he was thus called from the stage of life's activities, after having main- 
tained his residence in Madison for nearly thirty years. His wife sur- 
vived him by several years, and concerning their children the following 
brief data are given: John C, former United States senator from Wis 
cousin, now resides in New York city; Philip L.. of this review, was 
the next in order of birth; Roger C. is a. resident of the city of Chicago; 
and Mary Coit is the wife of Dr. James W. Vance, of Madison, 
Wisconsin. 

Philip L. Spooner. to whom this sketch is dedicated, gained his rndi- 

Vol, V— 1 8 



1300 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

mentary education in the schools of his native state and was a lad of 
twelve years at the time of the family removal to Madison, Wisconsin, 
where he has resided during the long intervening years and where he 
was afforded the advantages of the public schools and also the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. In 1867 Mr. Spooner here engaged in the fire and 
life insurance business and with this line of enterprise he continued to 
be actively identified, as one of its leading representatives in the capital 
city, until 1887. Upon the creation of the office of state insurance com- 
missioner, he was appointed as the first incumbent of the same, a pre- 
ferment which his character, ability and practical experience amply 
justified. Mr. Spooner handled the affairs of the office with great cir- 
cumspection and efficiency and formulated the admirable policies which 
have continued to dominate its administration to the present time. He 
was reappointed in 1880 and when, by the action of the legislature, in 
1881, it was made an elective office, Mr. Spooner was retained as insur- 
ance commissioner through the medium of popular vote. He gave a most 
able and effective administration and his tenure of this important office 
continued from April 1, 1878, to January 3, 1887. 

Mr. Spooner has long been known as one of the liberal and public- 
spirited citizens of Madison and his influence and co-operation have been 
given in support of legitimate measures and enterprises projected for the 
general good of the community. He represented the Fourth ward as a 
member of the city council and served one term as mayor of the city, 
in 1880-81, his careful and circumspect administration inuring greatly 
to the benefit of the city. 

For many years Mr. Spooner was the dominating factor in connec- 
tion with street-railway affairs in Madison, as president and principal 
stockholder of the Madison Traction Company, and his liberal policies 
did much to bring this department of public-utility service up to a high 
standard. He has identified himself closely with other important enter- 
prises that have conserved the best interests of the capital city, and he 
is now one of the substantial capitalists and most honored and influen- 
tial citizens of Madison. AVell fortified in his opinions and distinct in- 
his individuality, Mr. Spooner is significantly free from ostentation and 
pursues the even tenor of his way as a loyal and appreciative citizen 
of the beautiful capital of Wisconsin, — a city in which his interests have 
long been centered and in which his circle of friends is virtually coin- 
cident with that of his acquaintances. His generosity has been recently 
shown in another emphatic and worthy manner, by his unsolicited gift 
to his home city of a fine site for the proposed building of the Madison 
Woman's Club. 

Mr. Spooner has ever been unfaltering in his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party and has given yeoman service in behalf of its cause. He 
is identified with various civic organizations of representative order and 
is appreciative of the gracious social amenities of life, though he has 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1301 

permitted his name to remain enrolled on the list of bachelors in the 
capital city. 

Charles E. Otto. The present sheriff of Shawano county, Mr. Otto 
has been known to the citizens of that county since childhood, has been 
recognized as an industrious, independent man of action, and few have 
entered office in this county with so thorough a confidence on the part of 
their supporters. Mr. Otto was elected sheriff in the fall of 1'J12 taking 
office in January 6, 1913, succeeding Andrew F. Anderson. His elec- 
tion was on the Republican ticket. Mr. Otto has been a resident of Sha- 
wano county thirty-seven years, since childhood. 

He was born at Appleton, Wisconsin, August 3, 1871, a son of Carl 
F. and Libbie (LeBrun) Otto. His father was a native of Germany 
and the mother of France. Charles E. Otto was three years old when 
brought to America by his father, Carl Otto, who settled first in Mil- 
waukee, and later in Appleton. When Charles E. Otto was two years 
of age, his parents moved to a homestead in the town of Herman, in 
Shawano county, and it was on that place that the son grew to man- 
hood, attending district school, and by work on the farm getting a prac- 
tical training for his practical career. 

On leaving school he engaged in lumbering and farming, worked 
as a cruiser, and also did considerable logging on the Red River. In 
1908 he moved to Whitcomb, in Shawano county, where lie was manager 
of the Whitcomb Lumber Company's mill until elected sheriff. Mr. Otto 
provides a home for his father, and the mother died June 12, 1913. They 
were the parents of eleven children. Sheriff Otto was married May 11, 
1907, to Annie Nussbaum, of Stevensville, Wisconsin. Their three chil- 
dren are Wilma, and Edwin and Earl, the last two being twins. 

Frank A. Jaeckel. To his present office of county judge of Sha- 
wano comity, in which he has served the people for eight years, Mr. 
Jaeckel brought the spirit of disinterested service, long experience as 
an educator, and editor and a broad knowledge of men and affairs. 
The administration of the county's fiscal affairs has never been in better 
hands than in those of Judge Jaeckel. 

Frank A. Jaeckel has lived in Shawano county since his birth, though 
his duties have at different times taken him away from this county for 
several years at a time. He was born on a farm in the town o\ Belle 
Plaine, Shawano county, June 3. 1866. a son of Fred and Henrietta 
(Eckert) Jaeckel. His parents became residents of Shawano county 
in the early fifties, and were among the earliest pioneers o\' this section. 
Their birthplace was in Germany, and on coming to America, they first 
located at Watertown, Wisconsin, but a few years later came to the 
wilderness of Shawano county, and cleared out a farm from the woods 
in the town of Belle Plaine. Both parents continued to make their 



1302 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

home in Shawano county until about 1889, when they sold their farm 
and spent their last years at the home of their daughter in Waupaca 
county. 

Judge Jaeckel was reared on a farm, and had the wholesome environ- 
ment of the country during his youth. From the country schools he 
entered the academy at Wittenberg, and also studied in the Teachers' 
Seminary at Addison, Illinois. Graduating in 1888 he was for ten 
years a teacher in the Lutheran parochial schools of St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. Returning to Wittenberg in Shawano county, he took charge of the 
Orphans' Home for one year, at the end of which time the school was 
abolished. He then became superintendent of the Lutheran Children's 
Home at Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, and continued one year. In 1899 Judge 
Jaeckel moved to Shawano to take charge of the Volksbote, now the 
Volksbote-Wochenblatt, the most influential German newspaper in this 
section of Wisconsin. He was the owner and editor of the journal until 
his election as county judge in the spring of 1905. Since he took charge 
of the office the regular term of county judge has been extended to six 
years, and he was reelected for that length of time, and in the spring 
of 1913 was again elected, for the regular term of six years beginning 
January, 1914. 

Judge Jaeckel was married July 10, 1892, to Miss Clara Taenzer of 
St. Louis, Missouri. Their four children are Walter, Hilda, Irnia, and 
Norma. Judge Jaeckel is active in the Lutheran church and a trustee 
of the church at Shawano. 

Albert II. Gustman. County treasurer of Shawano county, Mr. 
Gustman is now serving in his second term in that office. He was 
elected on the Republican ticket in 1910, and was reelected in the fall 
of 1912. For two years prior to his service as county treasurer, he was 
supervisor of the First ward in Shawano. Mr. Gustman belongs to a 
family which has been identified with Shawano county since 1880, and 
has had an active business career since he reached manhood in this 
county. Born in Germany, February 28, 1868, Albert H. Gustman was 
the son of August and Albertina (Kroening) Gustman. In 1880 the 
family made their journey across the ocean and settled in Shawano 
county on a farm in the town of Westcott. There the father worked 
industriously and lived a substantial man in the community until his 
death in 1898. The mother passed away several years before. 

A boy of twelve years when the family located in Shawano county, 
Mr. Gustman had already received some educational advantages in his 
native country, and continued here in the common schools, assisting in 
the labors of the home farm. In 1898 he sold the farm and moved to the 
city of Shawano. There up to the time of his election as county treasurer, 
he was identified with different enterprises. He first bought a dray line 
running it for several years. For four years he drove the United States 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1303 

government stage to Keshena, in the Menominee Indian Reservation. 
His next undertaking was a restaurant and bakery, and he built that 
up to a profitable enterprise and then sold out at the end of two years. 
For the following year he conducted a furniture and undertaking estab- 
lishment, and on his election to his present office he sold out to his son- 
in-law, who had previously been his partner, Mr. M. C. Karth. 

Mr. Gustman was married at the age of twenty years in 1>> S to 
Miss Minnie Gottschalk, who was born in Germany and came to Shawano 
county when a girl. Their two children are : Louisa, wife of M. C. Karth, 
and the mother of four children, whose names are Paul, Fred, Marie 
and Carl; William, who is married and lives in the state of California. 
Mr. Gustman takes a prominent part in the St. Jacobi Lutheran church 
at Shawano, and is an elder. 

George W. Johnson. A substantial and ably managed institution 
that has had large and definite influence in furthering the civic and 
material progress and prosperity of the city of Oshkosh is the ( >sh- 
kosh Mutual Loan & Building Society, and this corporation is fortu- 
nate in having as one of its zealous and able executive officers 
George W. Johnson, who is its secretary and whose administration 
has been marked by due conservatism and most progressive and well 
ordered policies. He is one of the popular citizens and representa- 
tive business men of Oshkosh and further interest attaches to his 
career by reason of the fact that he is a native son of the Badger 
state. 

On a farm near Waupun, Fond du Lac county, Wisconsin. Mr. 
Johnson was born on the 18th of October, 1851, and this date bears 
evidence of his being a scion of one of the pioneer families of this 
section of the state. He is a son of Eli and Angeline E. (Nichol) 
Johnson, both of whom were born in the state of New York, where 
they were reared and educated. In 1848 Eli Johnson came to Wis- 
consin and purchased a tract of one hundred and sixty acres of land 
near the present thriving little city of Waupun. There he reclaimed a 
productive farm and otherwise aided in the development and prog- 
ress of Fond du Lac county, where he became an honored and influ- 
ential citizen. He continued to reside on the old homestead until his 
death, which occurred in 1879, and his wife long survived him. She 
passed the closing years of her life in Waupun, where she died in 
December, 1911. It is worthy of note that one of her aunts, a resident 
of Wisconsin at the time of death, attained to the remarkable age of 
one hundred and ten years. Eli Johnson was a man of impregnable 
integrity and his life was one of earnest and consecutive endeavor. 
He was tolerant and considerate in his association with his fellow 
men and ever a close observer of the Golden Rlxte, as was also his 
devoted wife, both having been zealous members of the Freewill Bap- 



1304 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

tist church and both having been instant in kindly deeds. The names 
of both merit enduring place on the roll of the honored pioneers of 
Wisconsin. 

George W. Johnson was reared under the sturdy and invigorating 
discipline of the pioneer farmstead and his preliminary educational 
advantages were those afforded in the common schools of the locality 
and period. That he made good use of these opportunities is shown 
by the fact that when seventeen years of age he proved himself eligi- 
ble for pedagogic honors. As a means of furthering his own educa- 
tion he devoted two years to teaching in the district schools, and 
thereafter he was a student in the Wisconsin State Normal School at 
Oshkosh for a period of three years. Thereafter he continued as a 
successful and popular teacher in the public schools of his native 
state for a period of twelve years, within which he was for some time 
an instructor in the village schools of Brooksville, Oconto county, and 
Omro, Winnebago county. He gave special attention to the teaching 
of bookkeeping, in which he had become an expert, and after aban- 
doning his work as a teacher he went to Ironwood, Michigan, the 
judicial center of the county of the same name, where he was employed 
as bookkeeper in a general merchandise establishment from 1887 to 
1892. 

In 1893 Mr. Johnson established his home in Oshkosh, Winnebago 
county, Wisconsin, and here held the position of bookkeeper for the 
Choate-Hollister Furniture Company, one of the leading manufactur- 
ing concerns of the city, for four years. During the ensuing year 
he was entry clerk in the offices of the Paine Lumber Company, of this 
city, and in 1901 he assumed his present office of secretary of the 
Oshkosh Mutual Loan & Building Society. When he assumed this 
office the assets of the corporation were but forty-five thousand dol- 
lars, and it is mainly due to his discrimination, earnest application and 
fine administrative ability that the business has been advanced to a 
point where its assets are more than one hundred and sixty thou- 
sand dollars. The other members of the executive corps are as here 
noted: J. Howard Jenkins, president; John Geiger, vice-president; 
and Albert T. Hanzig, treasurer. The Oshkosh Mutual Loan & Build- 
ing Society is one of the strongest and most flourishing institutions 
of the kind in the state and it has exercised most important functions 
in connection with the upbuilding of Oshkosh, where through its 
agency many persons in moderate circumstances have been enabled to 
secure comfortable and attractive homes. From an article written 
by the president of the society are taken the following pertinent 
extracts : 

"About twenty-five years ago Mr. Samuel P. Gary, who was deeply 
interested in civic problems in Oshkosh, made a study of how to help 
workingmen to secure their own homes, and he formulated a plan for 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1305 

an organization similar to the cooperative associations then in opera- 
tion in Philadelpha. The central idea was that a large number of 
small monthly payments could be loaned in a lump to build a home, 
the contributors being secured by the mortgage held by the company. 
Thus five hundred members paying two dollars each per mouth would 
enable the company to loan every month to some deserving man a 
thousand dollars for his new home. 

"Mr. Gary interested in his plan a number of active business men 
who were willing to invest some money in this enterprise, especially as 
it was in the nature of a savings bank and would eventually pay them 
a larger rate of interest than savings banks can afford. And so, 
twenty-four years ago, the Oshkosh Mutual Loan & Building Society 
was started in a small way. Mr. Gary was very insistent that the 
rules should favor the borrower rather than the lender, and so they 
remained today, a monument to the philanthropic impulses of the 
founder. 

"Such institutions are naturally of slow growth, but little by lit- 
tle the society has grown, until today it has mortgage loans on im- 
proved city property amounting to about one hundred and fifty thou- 
sand dollars. Its real estate loans aggregate during the twenty-four 
years about six hundred and ten thousand dollars, divided among 
five hundred and twenty borrowers. Thus nearly half a million dol- 
lars have been repaid to the society through the maturing of loans, 
and houses almost by the hundred have been built and are now owned 
by satisfied clients. It is not the policy of the society to make large 
loans to a single individual; it leaves this to the capitalist or trust 
company. It aims to help the wage-earner and to encourage in him 
the spirit of thrift, in fulfilling his monthly obligations to the society. 
* * * After twenty years, and the lending of over six hundred 
thousands dollars, the society does not possess an inch of land taken 
under foreclosure, and has no loans which are not worth more than 
the amount of the loan. 

"Being a mutual society, every borrower is practically a stock- 
holder and has his say in the election of the board of directors. They 
also participate in the profits of the society, being credited with such 
rate of annual interest as is earned. As to the safety of the loan, it 
is apparent that as soon as it is made it begins to be reduced by 
monthly payments, and by just so much its value to the society 
increases. 

"As a saving institution it has no superior, as back o( the loan is 
a first-class mortgage as security. The interest, instead o\' being paid 
in cash, is added to the loan and helps to bring it to maturity sooner. 
The earnings are very nearly six per cent and are likely to reach that 
point before very long. Each share has a value of two hundred dol- 
lars when matured and calls for a payment of one dollar per month. 



1306 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

In emergencies, such as sickness, death, failure of income, etc., the 
money can be withdrawn upon due notice, together with accumulated 
earnings. The society is well officered, well managed and very eco- 
nomically administered, — no salaries are paid except to the secretary. 
It is operated under state law and is examined annually by a state 
bank examiner. It is manifest that its sphere of influence is limited 
only by its income, and so it solicits savings accounts as a means 
toward this end." 

In addition to his official duties with the loan and building 
society Mr. Johnson is secretary of the local organizations of the 
Fraternal Reserve Association, the Independent Order of Foresters, the 
National Protective League, and the Knights of the Modern Macca- 
bees. From 1906 to 1910 he had the distinction of being secretary of 
the Wisconsin State Loan Association League, and he was formerly a 
counselor of the United States League of Building & Loan Associa- 
tions, with which organization he is still actively identified. In poli- 
tics he accords allegiance to the Republican party, of which his father 
likewise was a staunch adherent, and both he and his wife hold mem- 
bership in the Methodist church. It may be noted that Emory R. 
Johnson, youngest brother of the subject of this review and a repre- 
sentative citizen of Philadelphia, this state, was appointed by Presi- 
dent McKinley as a member of the Nicaragua canal commission. 

Mr. Johnson has been twice wedded. On the 30th of June, 1880, 
he married Miss M. L. Hollister, daughter of Martin M. Hollister, of 
Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and she was summoned to the life eternal in 1894. 
She is survived by two daughters: Edna E., who is the wife of J. 
Ray Johnson, a resident of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and Mabel J., who is 
the wife of Harry R. Field, of Oshkosh, Wisconsin. On the 18th of 
August, 1903, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Johnson to Miss 
Carrie I. Smalley, of Fond du Lac, and no children have been born of 
this union. Mrs. Johnson presides most graciously over the attractive 
home and is a popular figure in the social life of the community. 

Alvin M. Andrews. The present district attorney of Shawano 
county, Mr. Andrews is one of the able young members of the 
Shawano bar, and represents a name which has been prominently iden- 
tified with practically the entire historical development of Shawano. 
Sixty years have passed since his father as a pioneer first ventured into 
the wilderness of Shawano county, and as the father was a man of 
influence and ability in the early days, so the son has left his impress 
on the community in modern times as a lawyer and official. Mr. 
Andrews was elected to his present office as district attorney in the fall 
of 1909, taking office in January, 1910. Then in 1912 he was reelected 
and began his second term in January, 1913. Mr. Andrews has practiced 
law at Shawano since he was admitted to the bar in 1908. Born on a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN l.juy 

farm six miles north of Shawano, in Shawano county, April 22, 1880, 
he is a son of Hon. Orlin and Helen (Harris) Andrews, both now de- 
ceased. The father died in Shawano, March 19, 1911, and the mother 
died there July 6, 1912. Both were born in New York State, aud the 
father, Orlin Andrews is one of the very first permanent settlers in 
Shawano county, the date of his coming being in the year 1854. Two 
years later he returned to New York State, where he was married and 
then brought his bride to this little settlement in the midst of the big 
woods. Orlin Andrews was one of Shawano county's best known citi- 
zens. At various times he held important offices at Menominee Indian 
Reservation in the northern part of the county. He also served as post- 
master at Shawano, and as court commissioner and for many years was 
a justice of the peace. From the farm on which he first settled he moved 
into Shawano about 1886. Mr. A. M. Andrews grew up and attended 
the public schools in Shawano, subsequently taking a literary and busi- 
ness course at the Valparaiso University in Indiana. He has worked and 
earned his own promotion in life and for several years was a stenographer 
in law offices in Shawano. In 1905, he Avent to Washington, D. C, to 
accept an appointment under the third assistant postmaster general and 
during the three years of his residence at Washington he attended the 
law department of the Georgetown University at Georgetown. In 1908 
he returned to Wisconsin, passed the state bar examination and imme- 
diately thereafter opened his office for practice in Shawano. 

In 1903, Mr. Andrews married Miss Berd Griswold, of Valparaiso. 
Indiana. Their two children are Lloyd and Ruth. Mr. Andrews is 
affiliated with the Modern Woodmen of America. Outside of his official 
duties as district attorney he looks after a growing general practice 
in the local courts. 

Henry WT Wright. For more than thirty years the name Wright 
has been familiarly associated with lumber manufacturing in Merrill. 
The death of Henry W. Wright, which occurred in his home at Mer- 
rill, May 23, 1901, removed the founder and president of the industry 
known as the H. W. Wright Lumber Company, but it has since eon- 
tinned to prosper under the energetic management of his son. 

One of the foremost business men of Wisconsin and of a pioneer 
family which became identified with Wisconsin during territorial period. 
Henry W. Wright .was born at Racine. March 10, 1844. His parents 
were Thomas W. and Angelina (Knowles) Wright, the former a native 
of Manchester, England, and the latter of Onondaga Hollow, near 
Syracuse, New York. They were married in the east and in 1838 moved 
to the territory of Wisconsin, where they spent all their lives. 

The late Henry W. Wright was reared at Racine, received his school- 
ing there, and was about seventeen years old when the war between the 
states broke out, In 1862 his maternal uncle. Albert Knowles. who was a 



1308 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

second lieutenant in Company K of the Seventh Missouri Artillery, came 
to Racine on a visit. While there he used his influence to induce his 
nephew to join his company, and thus Henry W. Wright went to Mis- 
souri and enlisted at Macon. Three months later the regiment was 
sent to Independence, Missouri, thence to Kansas City, to Sedalia, and 
Springfield, and in that time he saw some very hard service and was 
with the army for two and a half years. The Seventh Missouri Cavalry 
was finally consolidated with the First Missouri, and was thereafter 
known as the First Missouri Cavalry. Mr. Wright was with Company 
H of that organization, and was promoted to the rank of second lieu- 
tenant on February 22, 1865. He had been made sergeant major of 
his regiment at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, where he spent the winter of 
1863-64. His final discharge as second lieutenant of Company H, First 
Missouri Cavalry, was granted May 30, 1865, a few weeks after Lee's 
surrender. Among the engagements in which he participated were those 
at Prairie Grove, and Fort Smith, Arkansas, in which Major General 
Herron was commander; he was also at Helena, Little Rock, Camden, 
and other important points in the campaigns west of the Mississippi 
River. After the war Mr. Wright returned to his home in Wisconsin, 
and for three years was in the employ of the Western Union Railway 
Company. He then became an accountant for Chauncey, Lathrop & 
Company, and continued thus for two years. The following years were 
spent as a bookkeeper for the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company at 
Racine. With this varied -experience he began business for himself as a 
manufacturer of sash, doors, and blinds at Racine. On April 5, 1877, 
President R. B. Hayes appointed him postmaster at Racine. He held 
that office until October, 1880, at which time he gave up his interests at 
Racine and moved to Merrill, thus beginning the relationship of the 
name with this important lumber center in the Wisconsin River Valley. 
On arriving at Merrill he formed a partnership with M. H. McCord in 
a saw-mill enterprise. About a year later Mr. McCord died, and the H. 
W. Wright Lumber Company was then established. Under that name 
the business has been conducted for more than thirty years, and has held 
high rank among similar industries of its kind along the Wisconsin 
River. The company's plant is modern in every way and has a capacity 
for cutting about one hundred thousand lumber feet each day, and 
employs about one hundred and twenty-five men. All varieties of lum- 
ber are manufactured, and the sash, door and blind factory is one of 
the best in the state. 

The late Mr. Wright was always a staunch Republican, and took 
many degrees in the Masonic Order. On November 1, 1872, he married 
Miss Carrie Buchan, a native of Dover, Racine county, Wisconsin, and 
of Scotch ancestry. Many members of her family during the last two 
centuries have been identified with the medical profession, both in this 
country and abroad. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Wright were three in 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN L309 

number, namely: James A.; Alfred II.; and Nettie. The late Henry 
W. Wright was always a public spirited citizen, was alive to the best 
interests of his section, and did effective service, not only as an industrial 
leader and manufacturer, but also took part in local affairs. lie served 
as a member of the county board of supervisors, as an alderman in 
Racine, and was secretary of the building committee which supervised 
the erection of the courthouse at Racine. Mrs. H. W. Wright died on 
February 7, 1912, having survived her husband nearly eleven years. 

The oldest son of the late Henry W. Wright was one of the dis- 
tinguished public men of northern Wisconsin. Honorable James A. 
Wright who died in Merrill December 21, 1911, was a member of the 
Wisconsin State Senate at the time of his death. He had been elected 
first on the Republican ticket in 1901 at the age of thirty-one, and was 
reelected in 1908. He was born in Racine in 1873, but was reared in 
Merrill. At the time of his death he was serving as president of the 
H. W. Wright Lumber Company, and as president of the Wisconsin 
Lumber Company at LittelL Washington. He was a member of the 
Loyal Legion. James A. Wright never married. 

Alfred H. Wright, who now as president of the companies directs 
the large manufacturing industries founded at Merrill by his father, 
trained himself from boyhood for the large responsibilities that awaited 
him, and is one of the most competent lumbermen of Wisconsin. While 
always a busy man he has taken a prominent part in local civic affairs, 
and has contributed much to the well being of Merrill's citizenship, 
besides his service in directing one of the largest of home industries. 

Alfred H. Wright was born in Racine, December 21, 1876. He 
came to Merrill with his parents when a child, grew up here, attended 
the public schools, and finished his education in the Beloit Academy. 
During the vacation periods of school, and as soon as his education was 
completed, he worked in the different departments of the H. W. Wrighl 
Lumber Company, and in that way became familiar with every technical 
detail of lumber manufacturing. He worked his way up on the basis of 
merit, to responsible connection with the management of the company, 
and eventually became vice president of both the Wright Lumber Com- 
pany of Merrill, and of the Wisconsin Lumber Company o\' Littell, 
Washington, serving in those capacities until the death of his brother 
James, whom he succeeded as president of both companies. From 1903 
to 1912 he was located at Littell, Washington, directing the interests o( 
that company in that state. He returned to Merrill after the death of 
his brother, and has since managed the business from this city. Mr. 
Wright served as Mayor of Merrill during 1902-0:>. and was the young- 
est mayor the city ever had. He married Miss Edith W. Collins, a native 
of Nebraska, who was living in Washington at the time of their mar- 
riage. Mr. Wright is affiliated with the Loyal Legion, with the Masonic 
Order and with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 



1310 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

The H. W. Wright Lumber Company owns a fine farm of eight hun- 
dred and fifty-three acres in Vilas county, located on Trout Lake. This 
farm has been a hobby of A. H. Wright and also of his late brother 
James Wright. It was estabtablished by their father, and the boys became 
very enthusiastic over its management, and used it for a summer home, 
though it is by no means solely a pleasure resort, and has become a very 
profitable enterprise, and illustrates the possibility of progressive agri- 
culture in this section of the state. Its improvements and general 
situation make it one of the most beautiful farms in Wisconsin. 

Edward Sommers. A prominent old-established real estate man of 
Shawano, Edward Sommers has been identified with this city in a 
successful and public spirited manner for a long period of years, and is 
numbered among the citizens who have been instrumental in helping 
promote the upbuilding and progress of the community. He now gives 
all his time to his extensive business in abstracts, real estate, loans and 
insurance. He has also been prominent in the public service, having 
served from Shawano from 1906 to 1908 as Mayor and from 1878 to 
1888 held the important office of registrar of deeds in the county. Mr. 
Sommers has been in the county since 1871, and he has been in the 
abstract business since 1879. 

Mr. Sommers was born in Sheboygan, AVisconsin, February 25, 1853, 
a son of Charles Sommers. Both parents are now deceased. Charles 
Sommers was an early settler in Sheboygan county locating there in the 
late forties, about the time Wisconsin became a state. He followed -a 
long career as a farmer. 

On the home farm in Sheboygan county, Edward Sommers spent 
the years of his youth, and had a country school education. He engaged 
in the sawmill business as his first regular work, and was connected 
with his brother William in operating a mill ten miles east of Shawano 
in this county in the town of Hartland, conducting that enterprise from 
1871 to 1874. In the latter year he moved to Shawano, and was pro- 
prietor of a hotel for some three or four years. His election to the 
office of registrar of deeds gave him a broad knowledge and experience 
in real estate titles, and he has been the best authority on abstracts and 
real estate ever since. 

Mr. Sommers was married in 1874 to Miss Annie Lueke, of Shawano 
county. Five children born to their marriage were Anna; Ida, wife of 
J. C. Madler, who has one son Edward James Madler; Lima; Oscar and 
Arthur, twins. 

William J. Kershaw. Altogether worthy of special recognition in 
this publication by reason of his high standing at the bar of his native 
state and his distinctive loyalty and public spirit as a citizen, there are 
other points which render a consideration of the personal and ancestral 




7rf4L^i^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN ];;il 

history of Mr. Kershaw particularly interesting. He is a representa- 
tive in the agnatic line of sterling pioneer stock in Wisconsin and on 
the maternal side may well be proud of the fact that he is a scion 
of the fine aboriginal stock represented in the Menominee tribe of 
Indians, one of the strongest and noblest of the Indian tribes in Wis- 
consin before the white man disputed dominion in this territory before 
the white man disputed dominion in this territory and one that still 
has a large and worthy representation within the borders of the state. 
Of this historic tribe, second only to the Osage in point of wealth. 
Mr. Kershaw was made a member in 1912, and concerning this matter 
specific mention will be made in a later paragraph of this review. 

William John Kershaw was born at Big Spring, Adams county. 
Wisconsin, on the 12th of January, 1865, and is a son of William John 
and Martha Mary (Corn) Kershaw, the former of whom was born in 
County Antrim, Ireland, and the latter of whom was born in Wiscon- 
sin, a member of the Menominee tribe of Indians. Mrs. Kershaw was 
a woman of much personal beauty and fine mentality and she and 
other members of the family of which she was a representative exerted 
large and benignant influence among the Indians of Wisconsin. This 
was specially true of her aunt, Mrs. Mary Walsworth, who was a pure- 
blood Menominee and whose husband conducted a pioneer tavern or 
hotel in Adams county. Many Indians camped at regular intervals in 
that vicinity, and thus it was a favorable point for the government 
officials to meet the members of the Indian tribes in council. Mrs. 
Walsworth frequently acted as interpreter and held the high regard 
of both the Indians and the white settlers, as well as of the government 
representatives. 

Reared and educated in his native land, William John Kershaw . 
Sr., immigrated to American when a young man. After remaining 
for a time in the city of Albany, New York, he came to Wisconsin, 
and, as an agent for the government, he had occasion to deal with tin- 
Indians at Big Spring, Adams county. Through his service in this 
capacity he formed the acquaintance of the noble young woman who 
eventually became his wife and to whom he paid the greatest devo- 
tion during the entire course of their ideal wedded life. Mr. Kershaw 
was a man of excellent education and had prepared himself well for 
the legal profession. After his marriage he was actively engaged in 
the practice of law at Big Spring for a number of years and he became 
a man of much prominence and influence in that section of the state, 
where he was called upon to serve in various positions of public trust, 
including that of district attorney of Adams county. This great- 
hearted, buoyant and loyal son of the Emerald Isle entered fully into 
harmony with American customs and institutions and his loyalty to 
the land of his adoption found no greater or nobler exemplification 
than in his tendering his services in defense of the nation when its 



1312 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

integrity was thrown into jeopardy by the secession of the southern 
states. 

In October, 1861, in response to President Lincoln's first call for 
volunteers, William J. Kershaw, Sr., enlisted as a private in the Eight- 
eenth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He was soon made sergeant 
major in his company and on the 14th of March, 1862, he was elected 
and commissioned captain of Company K. The regiment was mustered 
into the United States service and on the 30th of March, 1862, set 
forth for Pittsburg Landing, at which point it arrived on the 5th of 
the following month. On the morning after the arrival at the front 
the Eighteenth Wisconsin, with absolutely no instruction in the manual 
of arms and with the most meager experience in ordinary military 
tactics, was ordered to go forth and check the enemy's advance at 
Shiloh. Concerning this gallant command Governor Harvey of Wis- 
consin gave the following estimate : ' ' Many regiments may well covet 
the impressions which the Eighteenth Wisconsin left of personal brav- 
ery, heroic daring and determined endurance." The regiment took 
part in the siege of Corinth, which closely followed the battle of Shiloh, 
and thereafter was encamped for some time at Corinth and Bolivar. 
Captain Kershaw was an active and valiant participant in all of the 
engagements in which his regiment was involved up to this time, but 
on the 3d of September, 1862, he resigned his commission and received 
his honorable discharge. He returned- to his home, where family 
interests and important duties demanded his attention, but in the 
spring of 1864 he again went to the front, as major of the Thirty- 
seventh Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, to which office he was com- 
missioned on the 10th of March. The first six companies of the regi- 
ment were mustered into service in the latter part of that month, and, 
with Major Kershaw in command, left the state on the 28th of April, to 
join the Army of the Potomac, in Virginia. The regiment distinguished 
itself for intrepid gallantry in the engagements at Petersburg, on the 
16th, 17th and 18th of June, 1864, and in the fight of the 17th Major 
Kershaw was seriously wounded, — a musket ball having passed through 
both of his legs. This injury practically incapacitated him for further 
service in the field and virtually ended his military career. Though 
promoted to the office of lieutenant colonel, on the 27th of September, 
1864, he was never mustered in with this rank, and on the 18th of 
October, 1864, he resigned his commission as major and was granted 
his honorable discharge. His military career is one that reflects endur- 
ing honor and distinction upon his name and memory. He united with 
the Grand Army of the Republic at the time of its organization in Wis- 
consin and through his affiliation with this patriotic body he mani- 
fested his continued interest in his old comrades in arms. 

After the close of his military career Colonel Kershaw returned 
to Big Spring and resumed the practice of his profession, in which he 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1313 

had already gained high reputation. In 1866 he was elected repre- 
sentative of Adams county in the assembly body of the state Legifi 
lature, in which he served two consecutive terms. Immediately after 
his retirement he was accorded further and distinguished evidence of 
popular appreciation and confidence, in that, in 1868, In- was elected 
to the state senate, in which he most ably and zealously represented his 
district in the legislative sessions of 1869 and 1870. 

While still a member of the state senate Colonel Kershaw removed 
with his family to Milwaukee, where he became associated with C. 
J. Kershaw, in the salt, cement, plaster and lumber business, his part- 
ner, though of the same name, not having been a kinsman. The Colon el 
was not yet to be permitted to retire from public service, for he was 
elected again to the assembly of the legislature, in which he repre- 
sented Milwaukee county in the session of 1875, with characteristic 
fidelity, discrimination and broad conception of public needs and 
governmental policies. Thereafter he continued to give his attention 
to his private business interests until his death, which occurred in 1883. 
He was a man of sterling character and much ability, and he left a 
distinct and benignant impress upon the history of his adopted state, ' 
the while he ever commanded the unequivocal confidence and esteem of 
all who knew him. He was a Republican in his political allegiance 
and his religious faith was that of the Catholic church. His devoted 
wife passed to the life eternal in 1865, shortly after the birth of her 
son William John, Jr., whose name initiates this review. The oldest 
sister, Kate Theresa Kershaw, single, is secretary to Judge Timlin. 
The younger, Sybil Alban Kershaw, single, in New York, was named 
after Col. Alban, who was killed at the battle of Shiloh. The mother's 
Indian family name was Waupanin (Corn) and her own name was 
She-qua-na-quo-tok (Floating Cloud). 

William J. Kershaw, Jr., gained his rudimentary education in 
the public schools of his native county, and this training was effect- 
ively supplemented by courses of study in St. Lawrence College, in 
Fond du Lac county, and St. Francis Seminary, another excellent 
Catholic institution, in Wisconsin county. After leaving the latin- 
school Mr. Kershaw passed two years in the west, within which he 
found great pleasure and profit in his diverse wanderings and investi- 
gations. He traversed the beautiful and untrammeled country so 
vividly described by Mrs. Helen Fitzgerald Sanders in her work enti- 
tled "Trails Through Western Woods," and he also visited the Qlacier 
National Park, in Montana, long before this was made a national re- 
serve. He was in the great northwest earlier than was Colonel Roose- 
velt, and he gained his full quota of experience in connection with the 
free and open life of the plains and mountains, as he found employ- 
ment in herding cattle, "roughed if* in true western style and found 
zest and gratification in every experience. Mr. Kershaw and his wife 



1314 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

visited the Glacier National Park in the summer of 1912, and he found 
much satisfaction in recalling to Mrs. Kershaw the incidents and expe- 
riences of his early sojourn in the west, the while he was again cov- 
ering much of the same territory. 

After his youthful exploits in the great northwest Mr. Kershaw re- 
turned to Wisconsin, and for one year he was employed in the lumber 
camps of the northern part of the state, where he added another inter- 
esting chapter to the record of his varied career. His next decisive 
action was to enter upon an apprenticeship to the machinist's trade, in 
Milwaukee, but after becoming a skilled artisan in the line he deter- 
mined to fit himself for a broader sphere of activity and usefulness and 
to prepare himself for the profession which had been honored by the 
services of his father. He accordingly took up the study of law 
in the office and under the preceptorship of the firm composed of 
William C. Williams and August G. Weissert, of Milwaukee. He was 
admitted to the bar of his native state in 1886 and his initial work 
in his profession was as an employe of his former preceptor, Mr. 
Weissert, with whom he continued to be associated until 1892, when 
he became a member of the law firm of Eschweiler, Van Valkenburg 
& Kershaw. This alliance continued until 1897, since which year Mr. 
Kershaw has conducted an individual practice of important order, 
with a representative clientage and with a reputation fortified by 
many decisive victories in important legal contests. He has the high 
regard of his professional confreres and is essentially worthy of 
classification as one of the representative members of the bar of his 
home city and state. He has been the architect of his own fortunes 
and has proved himself a master of expedients, — resourceful, broad- 
minded, energetic and aggressive. Mr. Kershaw is well known in his 
native state and here has a host of loyal and valued friends. He is a 
staunch supporter of the cause of the Democratic party, both he and 
his wife are communicants of the Catholic church, he is a member of 
the Milwaukee County Bar Association, the Wisconsin Archaeological 
Society, and the Ancient Order of Hibernians, and, as a son of a dis- 
tinguished officer of the Union in the Civil war he is eligible for and is 
affiliated with the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, an honor of which he is deeply appreciative. Mr. Kershaw main- 
tains his office headquarters in suite 29-32 Cawker building, and his 
residence is on the west side of Milwaukee near Wau. 

On the 31st of March, 1893, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Kershaw to Miss Henrietta Schiller, daughter of Joseph and Emma 
(Meyer) Schiller, of Milwaukee, in which city Mrs. Kershaw was 
born and reared and in which she is a popular factor in social ac- 
tivities, as well as those of religious, charitable and educational 
order. 

In conclusion of this review is given reproduction of interesting 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1315 

statements which appeared in the Milwaukee Journal of August 
22, 1912 : 

"William J. Kershaw, Milwaukee attorney, is to become a mem- 
ber of the Menominee tribe of Indians, who have their reservation 
at Keshena, Wisconsin. A tribal council will convene at Keshena 
September 4-6, when Mr. Kershaw will be officially adopted. His 
mother was a full-blood Menominee and his father was an Irishman. 
It had been the wish for some time of the head members of the tribe 
to have Mr. Kershaw join. All actions of the council at the big meet- 
ing will be taken in the primitive Indian fashion and all matters dis- 
cussed in the Indian language. Besides the business to be transacted 
there will be many entertainments offered for the three-day session, 
including a game of lacrosse. 

"The Menominee tribe is second only to the Osage in point of 
wealth. There is at present the sum of three million five hundred 
thousand dollars at Washington to be distributed to the members, 
making about eight thousand dollars for each. They also have one 
million five hundred thousand acres of standing timber." 

It may be further said that the above mentioned ceremony of 
formal adoption into the tribe of which his mother was a representa- 
tive was the most gratifying experience of Mr. Kershaw, and inci- 
dentally has fortified his admiration of the sterling qualities of the 
Indians and his appreciation of their many exalted ideals. The occa- 
sion was marked alike by solemnity and by many interesting social 
observances, and Mr. Kershaw, the recipient of distinguished honors 
under the old tribal customs and ceremonies, was deeply impressed 
and has not lacked in definite appreciation of the distinction thus 
granted to him by those to whom he is allied in bonds of kinship, — 
a relationship of which he may well be proud. 

John 0. Moen. President of the First National Bank of Rhine- 
lander, vice president of the Wisconsin Veneer Company of Rhine- 
lander, and a director in the Rhinelander Refrigerator Company. John 
0. Moen is one of the men of fine capabilities as organizers and busi- 
ness builders, who have been chiefly responsible for the making of an 
industrial center at Rhinelander. Though the immediate city of Rhine- 
lander has been his home since 1 906, Mr. Moen has been prominently 
identified with this section of the state since the fall of 1887, a period of 
a quarter of a century. At that time he came into Oneida county, and 
constructed a mill on what is now known as Moen Lake, five miles east of 
Rhinelander. He was engaged in the operation of that lumber mill for 
thirteen years finally closing it out, and then for several years was inter- 
ested in timber lands and lumber operations in the south and west. 
About 1900 he spent several months in Alabama, and during the suc- 
ceeding years he made several trips to Oregon looking over the timber 

Vol. V— 19 



1316 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

lands. On his return to Wisconsin he bought an interest in the Wiscon- 
sin Veneer Company of Rhinelander, and his services have since become ' 
factors in the other important local concerns above mentioned. 

John 0. Moen, who was born in Norway, September 9, 1847, a son 
of 0. T. and Gure Moen, both of whom died in their native country, 
was reared and educated in his Norwegian home, and at the age of 
nineteen set out for America, locating first in Portage county, Wis- 
consin. His residence and citizenship in this state has continued for a 
period of more than forty years. Mr. Moen is a typical example of the 
young foreign born men who come to America, relying entirely upon 
the resources of brain and brawn and eventually achieving a place of 
prominence in community and state. His first work in Wisconsin was 
as a farm hand. He soon went into the woods and worked in the differ- 
ent operations of the logging camps, ran logs down the river for several 
years, and finally reached Nelsonville in Portage county, where he found 
employment under the late Jerome Nelson in a saw and grist mill. Mr. 
Moen paid a high tribute to his former employer Mr. Nelson, who was 
indeed one of the ablest lumber men of his time, and to his helpful 
influence and friendship for the young Norwegian, must be credited in 
all fairness a large share of the latter 's advancement. He continued 
an employe of Mr. Nelson, and practically a business associate with him 
for eighteen years. It was with Mr. Nelson as a partner that he 
came to Oneida county in 1887, and set up the mill on Moon Lake. In 
1897, Mr. Nelson died and in his will appointed Mr. Moen administra- 
tor and trustee of his estate, which was closed up under the able man- 
agement of Mr. Moen. Jerome Nelson who was born in New York State 
spent nearly a life time in the logging and lumber manufacturing indus- 
try of Wisconsin. He was a Civil war veteran, having served four 
years in the Union army. 

Mr. Moen married Mattie Iverson, who was born in Wisconsin. 
Their three children are Hannah, wife of Henry Stoltenberg of Nelson- 
ville; Gunda, wife of Albert Lutz of Portage county, a farmer; and 
Oscar. 

Hon. George Grimm. Judge of the Twelfth Judicial Circuit of Wis- 
consin since 1906, Judge Grimm has been a member of the Wisconsin Bar 
for thirty years, made a successful record as a lawyer, and previous to 
his elevation to the circuit bench was county judge of Jefferson county. 
Judge Grimm resides in the city of Jefferson. 

He represents one of the old families of Jefferson countj^, and was 
born near the county seat of that name on September 11, 1859. His father 
was Adam Grimm, a pioneer whose life was one of more than ordinary 
character and attainment. He was born March 25, 1824, at Hohlen- 
brunn, Bavaria, and emigrated to America in the early spring of 1849, 
settling on a farm near Jefferson. His general activities were farming. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1317 

horticulture and bee-keeping. As an apiarist, Adam Grimm achieved 
the reputation of being America's foremost bee-keeper. Jefferson county 
has always been noted for its product, and Adam Grimm gave it a new- 
distinction in this line. In later years, Adam Grimm in partnership 
with Yale Henry founded the Farmers & Merchants Bank of Jefferson, 
and served as its cashier until his death on April 10, 1876. 

Adam Grimm was survived by his widow, and four daughters and 
one son. His widow was Ann M. (Thoma) Grimm, who was born at 
Grafenreuth, Bavaria, October 29, 1829, and died at Jefferson Novem- 
ber 6, 1893. The four daughters are as follows : Mrs. Charles Bullwinkel, 
of Jefferson; Mrs. Carl Kuesterman, now deceased, whose home was at 
Green Bay; Mrs. Herman Gieseler of Jamestown, North Dakota; and 
Mrs. George J. Kispert of Jefferson. 

George Grimm grew up in Jefferson county on a farm and was 
well educated in the public and preparatory schools. Three years after 
he had graduated from the law department of the University of Mich- 
igan in 1879 he adopted law as his regular profession. Since then his 
home has been in the city of Jefferson. He represented his county in the 
Wisconsin legislative assembly in 1887. In 1896 he was appointed county 
judge of Jefferson county and continued to serve as county judge with- 
out opposition until elected to the circuit bench in 1906. By reelection 
his second term as circuit judge began in January, 1913. Judge Grimm 
has made a notable record on the bench, and is today recognized as one 
of the best equipped both by training and temperament among the 
jurists of the state. Mr. Grimm has been a Republican all his adult 
life, and in religion is a Christian Scientist. He is affiliated with the 
Modern Woodmen of America, the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, is a thirty-second degree Mason, and belongs to Tripoli Temple 
of the Mystic Shrine. 

Judge Grimm married Mariette Bullock, of Johnson's Creek, only 
daughter of John D. Bullock and Mary (Currier) Bullock. John D. 
Bullock, who was born at Ephratah, New York, August 5, 1836, came 
to Wisconsin in 1861, served four terms as a member of the legislative 
assembly, has been sheriff of Jefferson county and is now and has been 
for many years special United States Revenue agent. Mary (Currier^ 
Bullock is a daughter of Rodney J. Currier who, in company with one 
Andrew Lansing, made the first permanent settlement, at what is now 
the city of Jefferson, in the year 1836. Mrs. Bullock's great-grand- 
father was Major Richard Esselstyn of Claverack, New York, a commis- 
sioned officer in the Continental army, and who was a grandson of Mar- 
ten Cornelise von Yesselstein who came to this country from the city of 
Yesselstein, Holland, in 1659. Judge Grimm and wife have four daugh- 
ters, and one son as follows: Meta M., born May 19, 1887, married M. 
J. Lacey, a traveling sales agent for the Phoenix Horseshoe Company. 
and their home is at Jefferson ; Laura C, born March 22, 1889 ; Hilda M., 



1318 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

born June 2, 1890, is the wife of E. J. Schafer, an insurance broker of 
Chicago; Lorraine E., born June 1, 1893; and Roscoe, born January 4, 
1906. 

Hon. Neal. Brown. Lawyer, legislator, author, orator and man of 
affairs, Neal Brown is a native of Wisconsin, has been a member of the 
Marathon bar since 1880, has been an influential factor in the develop- 
ment of his home city of Wausau, and has served with distinction in both 
branches of the legislature. Outside the boundaries of his home state the 
name of Neal Brown is associated with fine intellectual and professional 
attainments. 

Mr. Brown was born in Jefferson county, Wisconsin. He is a son of 
Thurlow Weed and Helen (Alward) Brown. Thurlow Weed Brown was 
born in the city of Lockport, New York, received excellent educational 
advantages in his native state, and in 1855 came to Wisconsin. He 
numbered himself among the pioneers of Jefferson county, bought raw 
land, and reclaimed it, and the old homestead land continued the abiding 
place of the family. He not only was one of the substantial farmers 
of his day, but also wielded much influence in the shaping and directing 
of public opinion and action in the pioneer period of Wisconsin history, 
as he was a talented and successful newspaper man and identified with 
practical journalism in Wisconsin until the time of his death. 

Hon. Neal Brown spent his first nineteen years at the old home 
farm in Jefferson county. Besides the advantages of the public schools, 
he had those of a home of distinctive culture and refinement. At nine- 
teen he began the study of law under Hon. L. B. Caswell of Fort Atkin- 
son, Jefferson county, who had previously served as congressman from 
that district. Mr. Brown finally entered the law department of the 
University of Wisconsin, where he was graduated LL. B. in the class of 
1880. Since his admission to the bar his residence has been at Wausau, 
Marathon county. In office counsel and in civil and in criminal prac- 
tice, during more than thirty years of experience, Neal Brown has 
enjoyed many of the best distinctions and rewards of the profession, 
and stands second to none among local attorneys. 

While never subordinating in the least the demands of his profession, 
Mr. Brown has found time and opportunity to render services in offices 
of public trust, and to aid materially in the advancement of civic and 
industrial progress. He has been an extensive and successful dealer in 
real estate and in investments, both on his own account, and as repre- 
sentative of other capitalists. He has become interested in many of the 
important business enterprises of Wausau, and has made a reputation 
for able handling in the promotion and organization of substantial con- 
cerns. He is at the present time a director of the Marathon Paper Mills 
Company; president of the Great Northern Life Insurance Company; 
vice president of each the Itasca Cedar Company, and the Winton Invest- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1319 

ment Company; president of the Wausau Street Railroad Company; 
and a director of the Wausau Sulphate Fiber Company. In the prac- 
tice of his profession, he is associated with L. A. Pradt, and F. W. 
Genrich, under the firm name of Brown, Pradt & Genrich. He has also 
been in partnership in the real estate business with C. S. (Jilbert for 
many years. Mr. Brown helped organize the Employers Mutual Lia- 
bility Company of Wisconsin, being a director and general counsel for 
that company. He has served as president of the Wisconsin State 
Bar Association. 

In politics Mr. Brown has been found an able advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. He represented Marathon county in the lower house of 
the state legislature for one term. In 1892, he was elected a member of 
the State Senate where his record was that of a broad-minded and dis- 
interested worker for the public welfare. He has twice been his party a 
nominee for the United States Senate. A man of unusual literary talent, 
Neal Brown has gained more than local reputation as a writer and 
lecturer. He is the author of an interesting volume entitled, "Critical 
Confessions," a work showing not only a broad comprehension of his- 
tory and special appreciation of the records of American jurisprudence, 
but also attractive literary flavor. Before the Fifty-Fourth Annual 
Meeting of the Wisconsin Teachers' Association, Mr. Brown delivered a 
timely address upon the subject "The People and the University." 
February 4, 1901, he addressed the Milwaukee Bar Association, on 
"John Marshall and His Time." February 17, 1904, in Milwaukee, he 
delivered before the State Bar Association, an address entitled "The 
Foundation of Free Government." Before the Wisconsin Commandery 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Mr. 
Brown gave, at its meeting held in Milwaukee, February 7, 1912, a 
patriotic address on "Abraham Lincoln." Before the legislature he 
presented, in behalf of the water-power owners of the state, and argument 
against the proposed legislation by the provisions of which the com- 
monwealth would claim ownership of the water-powers of the state. 
Before the Congressional Ways and Means Committee, Mr. Brown pre- 
sented a splendid brief analyzing the relations of the paper industry 
and the tariff. Paper manufacturing, it need not be mentioned, has 
long been one of great importance in Wisconsin. His witty address on 
"The Comedy of History" met a most favorable reception, as delivered 
before a meeting of the Illinois Bar Association, at the Chicago Beach 
Hotel in Chicago in 1902. The formal products of his scholarship and 
his excursions into more popular fields of thought have always met with 
favor, and his name is one frequently mentioned in the newspaper 
world. 

Roy K. Dorr. District manager for The Northwestern Mutual Life 
Insurance Company at Kenosha. Mr. Dorr has a place among the lead- 
ers in insurance circles in the state of Wisconsin. 



1320 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Boru in New London, Wisconsin, February 20, 1878, Roy K. Dorr 
is a son of B. F. and H. C. (Chandler) Dorr. His mother was a native 
of the state of New Hampshire, while the father was bom in 1833 at 
Lockport, New York, coming west with his mother and family in 1848, 
the same year in which Wisconsin was admitted to the Union. Grand- 
father Gridley Dorr, who died in New York several years previously, 
was born during the Revolutionary war. There were six children of 
B. F. and H. C. Dorr, and the only two now living are Roy K. and 
Mrs. Ruth D. Ralph of Green Bay. 

When a boy, Roy K. Dorr attended the public schools in Antigo, 
Wisconsin, being graduated from the Antigo High School in 1896. 
Subsequently he took an academic course in Beloit, and for two and a 
half years was a student at Beloit College. After considerable busi- 
ness experience, Mr. Dorr in 1912 was appointed district manager for 
Kenosha County by The Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of Milwaukee, and is now holding up his end at Kenosha with a large 
record of annual business. 

Mr. Dorr is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, and at Beloit College was a member of the Wisconsin Gamma 
Chapter of the Phi Kappa Psi. On June 11, 1910, he married Miss 
Helen Thiers, a daughter of Edward and Mary Thiers. They are the 
parents of one daughter, Mary Nicoll Dorr, born May 10, 1911. 

Chaeles H. Grelle. The name of Grelle has always been associated 
with the history of Prairie du Chien, and the present head of the 
house, Charles H. Grelle, has well sustained the reputation of the 
family for uprightness and strength of character. Mr. Grelle is pres- 
ident of one of the largest and most important financial institutions 
in the city and in addition to this is interested in a number of impor- 
tant commercial enterprises, all of which give him a position of influ- 
ence in the business world. That he is always ready to aid any cause 
which has as its object the betterment of conditions, is universally 
conceded, and Mr. Grelle is not only respected for his business ability 
but is widely liked for his personal characteristics and his public-spir- 
itedness. 

The grandfather of Charles H. Grelle was born in France and 
came to this country in 1855, locating in the city of New Orleans, at 
the time a city strongly impregnated with French customs and ideals. 
With him was his son, Charles Grelle, the father of Charles. They 
remained in New Orleans for a time and then determined to locate 
farther up the Mississippi. They came by boat as far as St. Louis 
and here the mother and son remained while the father continued on 
up the river by boat, his destination being St. Paul. When the boat 
arrived at Prairie du Chien, the attractiveness of the surrounding 
country and the very evident life that the little village showed, the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1321 

prospects for growth and the location of the town finally determined 
Mr. Grelle to settle here, and so sending back to St. Louis for his wife 
and son, he located permanently in Prairie du Chien and thus became 
one of the pioneers of the place and of Crawford county. In France 
he had learned the trade of cabinet making and was an expert at the 
art, so he established himself in this business in the town and since 
at this time all the furniture in use was made by hand he soon had all 
the work he could attend to. Even in later years when machine made 
furniture came into use he had a large number of customers, for 
he was able to turn out furniture of a quality of workmanship that 
could not be equaled by the factory made articles. He continued in 
this business until his death and then his son took it up. 

This son, Charles, was the only child, and after obtaining what 
education he could in the primitive schools of the period he left 
school at the age of seventeen and entered his father's shop. Here 
after the death of the father he continued the cabinet making business 
and was also engaged in the undertaking business. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics and was a prominent and public-spirited citizen. Ili> 
father before him had been interested in all public matters and had 
served two terms as a member of the city council. Charles Grelle 
was born in France and his wife, who was Caroline Stuckey, was 
born in Crawford county, Wisconsin. Charles Grelle died in 1902 
and his widow is still living at the age of sixty-seven. Eight chil- 
dren were born to this couple, of whom six are living. 

Charles H. Grelle was born in Wauzeka, Crawford county, Wis- 
consin, on the 17th of February, 1867. He grew up in Prairie du 
Chien and received his education in his home city. He attended the 
public schools until he had reached his thirteenth year and then he 
was sent to the parochial schools for a time. In 1880 he attended 
the Sacred Heart Academy in Prairie du Chien. but previous to this 
time he had been at work. His first position, which he held until 
1881, was as a clerk in a dry goods store of L. Case & Company. He 
made so efficient a clerk that soon after he was made general manager 
of the dry goods department of the above mentioned store. Saving 
earned both experience and money in the business, in 1891 he resigned 
his position to go into the dry goods business for himself. He has 
continued in this business up to the present time, though quite re- 
cently he transferred all his interest in the business to his brothers, 
and the firm is now known as Grelle Brothers. This store is one of the 
best stocked and best known establishments in the town and the 
large trade which it enjoys has been built up in large measure through 
the efforts of Mr. Grelle. 

The electric lighting system of the city was originally begun by 
Mr. Bayliss, but the capital at his disposal proved to be insufficient 
to finance the undertaking and the company was almost bankrupt when 



1322 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Mr. Grelle stepped in and took matters in charge. He put the com- 
pany on a good solid financial basis and gave to the city its present 
efficient lighting plant. The Prairie City Electric Company owns 
one of the finest and most satisfactory plants in the northwest and 
this is due in large measure to Mr. Grelle. In 1904 he was elected 
president of the company, the other officers being Mr. Poehler, who is 
vice-president, Henry Otto, secretary and treasurer, and Fred L. Haupt, 
superintendent. 

One of Mr. Grelle 's principal interests is the Bank of Prairie du 
Chien, which was organized in 1889 by E. I. Kidd, a former bank 
examiner of the state of Wisconsin. Mr. Grelle became a stockholder 
and director of this institution in 1900 and with the death of Mr. 
Kidd in 1907, Mr. Grelle was elected president of the bank. The other 
officers are W. R. Graves, vice-president, Henry Otto, cashier, and 
A. G. Kieser, assistant cashier. In addition to the officers of the bank 
its board of directors includes J. S. Earll, 0. G. Munson and D. F. 
Horsfall. The capital of the bank is $30,000 and the surplus is $30,000, 
the deposits being over $633,000. 

Mr. Grelle became vice-president of the Prairie City Canning 
Company when the business was operating with a capital stock of 
twenty-five thousand dollars. This company cans tomatoes and sauer 
kraut exclusively and so lucrative has the business proved that in 
1913 the capital was increased to fifty thousand dollars. It has proved 
to be a valuable enterprise to the city, for a number of employes are 
required for its operation. 

Mr. Grelle was married on the 6th of July, 1893, at Prairie du 
Chien, to Miss Gertrude E. Fredrich. Three sons have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Grelle, as follows : Robert Charles, who was born June 
21, 1897, and is at present in his third year in the Sacred Heart Acad- 
emy in Prairie du Chien ; Lawrence Henry, whose birth occurred on 
the 18th of September, 1899, and Edward C., born on May 27, 1900. 

Kading & Kading. The law firm of Kading & Kading, with offices 
in the Masonic Temple Building at Watertown, possesses not only the 
distinction which comes to successful ability in that profession, but is 
noteworthy as a union in professional relations of husband and wife, 
and there are very few of such legal partnerships to be found any- 
where in the country. Mr. Kading who recently retired from the office 
of district attorney for Dodge county, is regarded as one of the ablest 
members of the bar, while Mrs. Kading is likewise admirably trained 
and has made a similar successful record in her chosen profession. Mrs. 
Kading is circuit court commissioner of Dodge county, and one of the 
few women who have achieved definite success in the practice of law in 
Wisconsin. 

Charles A. Kading was born in the village of Lowell, Dodge county, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN L323 

Wisconsin, January 14, 1874. His parents, Charles and Elizabeth 
(Boggans) Kading, were born, reared and married in Germany, and 
in 1866, set out for America, the land of opportunities. The sailing 
vessel which bore them across the ocean was eleven weeks in making the 
voyage, and landed them at New York City, July 3, 1866. Coming to 
Wisconsin, where so many of their countrymen had established homes, 
they located in the town of Oak Grove, of Dodge county, and as poor 
emigrants set to work to make a home and acquire some degree of sub- 
stantial prosperity. Charles Kading had very little money, and his hist 
employment was at farm labor. Hard working and thrifty, and with 
the aid of his capable wife, he soon accumulated savings which were 
invested in a little farm. The succeeding years saw a gradual increase 
in the estate, and now for a long time he has been one of the sub- 
stantial land owners of Dodge county. He is now living practically 
retired on the homestead, at the age of seventy-three years, and is one 
of the well known and highly honored pioneer citizens of Dodge county. 
His wife passed away in 1881, when her son Charles A. was seven years 
old. Of the six children in the family, five sons and one daughter, four 
sons are still living. 

As a boy Charles A. Kading grew up on the Dodge county farm, 
attended the district schools, at the same time learning valuable lessons 
in industry and coming to appreciate the dignity of honest toil. At 
the age of sixteen he entered the graded schools at Lowell, and after two 
years was qualified for a teacher's certificate. He taught a district 
school one year, and then continued his studies in the high school at 
Horicon. All his work in those days was in line with a definite ambition 
for a professional career, and during one summer he attended the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. Four years were spent as a teacher in the public 
schools, and he then entered the law department of the Northern Indiana 
Law School, now known as Valparaiso University. From that school 
he was graduated with the class of 1900, and the well earned degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. Admitted to the bar of his native state in the same 
year, he has since been active and increasingly successful in his profes- 
sion. 

The year 1900 marked another important event in his career, when on 
November 7, was celebrated at Milwaukee his marriage to Miss Elizabeth 
Holste, adopted daughter of Henry Holste. a well known citizen of 
Watertown. Mrs. Kading's parents. Julius and Freda Maybauer 
Sommers, died when she was in infancy, and she was given the best of 
educational advantages by her foster parents. She graduated from the 
Watertown High School and was graduated in the law department of 
Valparaiso University in the same class with her husband. While much 
of her time has necessarily been taken up with the duties of home and 
motherhood, she has in many cases proved herself exceptionally able as 
attorney and counsellor, and has proved a valuable partner in the firm 



1324 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

of Kading & Kading, which now enjoys a large clientage. Mrs. Kading 
has served as circuit court commissioner for Dodge county since 1910. 
Mr. Kading in 1906 was elected district attorney of Dodge county, and 
gave six years of skillful and disinterested service in that office, his 
term expiring in 1912. For seven years he was city attorney of Water- 
town, where he and his wife have been in practice since their marriage 
in November, 1900. In the fall of 1912 he was nominated at the Septem- 
ber primary election for the office of attorney general for the state of 
Wisconsin, and came very near being elected ; having materially cut down 
the Republican majority. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kading have one son, Charles Earl, born June 11, 
1907. Mr. Kading gives a staunch support to the Democratic party, and 
both he and his wife are popular members of social circles. Fraternally 
his affiliations are with the Masonic Fraternity, the Knights of the 
Modern Maccabees, the Equitable Fraternal Union, the Modern Wood- 
men of America, the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Knights of Py'thias, 
and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He and his wife both 
have membership in the Dodge County Bar Association. 

William C. Cowling. Success is the natural prerogative of such 
valiant personalities as Mr. Cowling, who defrayed through his own 
efforts the expense of his higher academic and his professional educa- 
tion and who has gained secure prestige as one of the able and repre- 
sentative members of the bar of his native state. He is engaged in the 
active general practice of his profession in the city of Milwaukee, with 
offices in the Wells Building. 

Mr. Cowling was born in the city of Oshkosh, judicial center of 
Winnebago county, Wisconsin, on the second of July, 1874, and is a son 
of John and Mary E. Cowling. John Cowling established his home in 
Wisconsin prior to the Civil war. In this great conflict he served as a 
valiant soldier in Company C. Twenty -first Wisconsin Volunteer In- 
fantry, with which he participated in many of the important engage- 
ments of the prolonged struggle through which the integrity of the 
nation was perpetuated. 

To the public schools of his native city, William C. Cowling is 
indebted for his early educational discipline and there he was gradu- 
ated in the high schools as a member of the class of 1891. Depending 
upon his own exertions in his higher studies, he entered the University 
of Minnesota. He earned his way through college by reporting for 
various newspapers during the university sessions and by working in 
factories during his vacation seasons. Tn 1895 Mr. Cowling assumed 
the office of clerk of the municipal court of Oshkosh, Winnebago county, 
and he retained this incumbency until 1899. He devised and estab- 
lished in this office an effective system of records, and the same has been 
followed closely since his retirement from office, his resignation having 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1325 

been entered two years prior to the expiration of his second term. In 
the meanwhile he had taken up the study of law under effective private 
preceptorship, and he was admitted to the bar of his native state. Upon 
resigning his position as clerk of the municipal court at Oshkosh, Mr. 
Cowling moved to Princeton, Green Lake county, where he engaged 
in the practice of his profession and where he assumed occupancy of 
the office formerly owned by Hon. James H. Davidson, member of con- 
gress from that district. He continued in the practice of law at Prince- 
ton from January 1, 1899, until June, 1901, when he returned to Osh- 
kosh and entered into a partnership with W. W. Quatermass, under the 
firm name of Quatermass & Cowling. Mr. Quatermass was at that time 
district attorney of Winnebago county, and he found in Mr. Cowling 
a most able and valuable coadjutor, their partnership alliance continu- 
ing until the death of Mr. Quatermass in March, 1903, and the firm 
having controlled a substantial and representative practice. 

At Oshkosh one of the important industrial and commercial centers 
of Wisconsin, Mr. Cowling continued in the practice of his profession for 
some years, since which time he has been numbered among the strong 
and successful members of the Milwaukee bar. Here he had added 
materially to his reputation as a resourceful and versatile advocate and 
well fortified counsellor, and his clientage of one of essentially important 
and representative order. 

In politics Mr. Cowling has been found arrayed as a stalwart and 
effective exponent of the principles and policies of the Republican party, 
and he early became influential as a worker in the party cause. In 
November, 1902, he was elected to represent the First District of Winne- 
bago in the assembly of the state legislature, and he made an excellent 
record for zealous and well ordered efforts to promote wise legislation 
and to represent fully the interests of his constituents. In the session 
of 1903 he was a member of the important judiciary committee of the 
assembly, or lower house, and was chairman of the joint committee on 
printing, besides holding membership on other committees. He retiree! 
from the legislature in 1905, at the expiration of his term, and in the 
same year assumed the office of city attorney of Oshkosh. of which 
position he continued the alert and valued incumbent until 190!). Mr. 
Cowding is a close observer of the ethical code of his profession and his 
work in his chosen calling has been such as to dignify the same and gain 
to him the confidence and esteem of his confreres at the bar. As ,i 
citizen he is progressive and public spirited, and takes a lively interest 
in all that concerns the welfare of his native state. In the Masonic 
fraternity he has received the thirty-second degree of the Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite and is affiliated with Wisconsin Sovereign (,|> "- 
sistory, as he also is with the Tripoli Temple. Ancient Arabic Order of 
the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in Milwaukee. He also holds member- 
ship in the Knights of Pythias. 



1326 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Fossett A. Cotton. It is neither essential nor desirable that a 
eulogy be offered in presenting a brief review of the life and works of 
Fossett A. Cotton, President of the State Normal School of La Crosse, 
for the character and quality of his service is apparent to all, and the 
far-reaching influence that emanates from the life of a conscientious and 
zealous master instructor such as he is a factor with which all thinking 
people are familiar and appreciative, and which even unthinking peo- 
ple regard with the utmost respect. So it is that in this connection 
specific attention is given to the actual facts of the life of Mr. Cotton, 
with some mention of the institution with which he has been honorably 
connected since March, 1909. 

Born on May 1, 1862, in Johnson county, Indiana, he is a son of 
Marion I. and Rachel Amanda (Wright) Cotton. The father was a 
native of Kentucky who died in 1869, but the mother is still living, at 
the advanced age of seventy-nine years. Marion I. Cotton was a farmer 
and teacher by occupation, a member of the Christian church and an 
elder in that body for many years. He was a man of excellent natural 
qualities, who enjoyed a high standing in his community all his life, 
brief though it was. Until he was twenty years old Fossett A. Cotton 
was a student of the elementary branches, at which time he entered the 
State Normal School at Terre Haute. He was graduated from the 
Butler University at Indianapolis, with the degree of A. B., after 
which he spent a year in study at the University of Chicago. His first 
work along educational lines was as a teacher in the district, village 
and town schools, advancing rapidly in the field of work for which he had 
prepared himself. He was county superintendent of the schools of 
Henry county, Indiana, and for six years was deputy state superin- 
tendent of public instruction of Indiana, and state superintendent of 
public instruction for Indiana for another six years. While serving in 
the latter office, his last salary was paid to him on the 15th of March, 
1909, and on the 16th of March, in the same year, he entered upon his 
duties as president of the State Normal School of La Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin. Though that institution is one of the younger ones in this section 
of the country, having been established in 1909, the school has since 
that time made rapid strides in the acquirement of the ability to confer 
upon its students the best training and equipment possible to be fur- 
nished by a conscientious faculty of instructors, whose aim it is to make 
the more efficient the work of the teachers, and to render them the more 
skillful in the matter of imparting instruction in the most telling 
manner. 

The State Normal School of La Crosse has been fortunate in its loca- 
tion, as well as in its choice of a president and faculty. Numerous 
advantages accrue to the institution as a result of its excellent location 
in a city of the character and general atmosphere of La Crosse. The 
great natural beauty of the adjacent country provides a setting for the 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1327 

school that might be long sought without being equaled. Grand Dad 
Bluff', generally acknowledged to be perhaps the most attraetive spot 
along the entire length of the Mississippi river, is but a rive minutes 
walk from the Normal School, and from its summit, some five hundred 
feet above the valley, may be seen the city, the La Crosse. Black and 
Mississippi rivers, and the beautiful hills of Minnesota stretching for 
miles along the river banks. Many attractions of the city itself might 
be ennumerated, but mention is omitted here of such. The schuol itself 
is one of the great points of interest in La Crosse, and located on State 
street, between Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets, presents a most 
attractive appearance and occupies a space some two hundred feet 
square. It has an auditorium with a seating capacity of one thousand 
persons, a library furnished with several thousand carefully chosen 
books, gymnasiums and baths for all, with every accessory of college life 
known to the present day for the convenience of the individual student. 
In addition to the regular yearly sessions, the summer term of six weeks 
is provided for prospective teachers in the districts where normal grad- 
uates are not required, a provision of the legislature of 1909 being to 
the effect that all prospective teachers must attend a professional school 
for six weeks, and the Summer Normal Term provides thus lor such 
aspirants. 

The school has made most excellent progress under the management 
of Mr. Cotton, and takes rank with the best of the older established 
Normal schools in the Middle West, much of the credit for which is 
undeniably due to the wise and efficient administration of Mr. Cotton 
as president of the faculty, which includes some of the best known edu- 
cators to be found in the country. 

James W. Murphy. Platteville, the judicial center of Grant county, 
has its due quota of able and honored representatives of the legal pro- 
fession, and among the leading members of the bar of the county is 
numbered Mr. Murphy, whose distinctive technical ability and sterling 
attributes of character need no further voucher than that afforded in the 
definite success and prestige which are his in his chosen calling, lie is 
one of the loyal and public-spirited citizens of his native place and 
here his popularity sets at naught any application of the scriptural 
aphorism that "a prophet is not without honor save in his own coun- 
try." He is a scion of one of the honored pioneer families o\ Qranl 
county and thus this section of the state is endeared to him by many 
gracious memories and associations. 

James W. Murphy was born at Platteville, Wisconsin, on the 12th 
of April, 1858, and is a son of William and Catherine (Sullivan 
Murphy, both of whom were born and reared in Ireland, where their 
marriage was solemnized. In 1853 the parents, with their one child, 
immigrated to the United States, and they numbered themselves among 



1328 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

the pioneer settlers of Grant county, Wisconsin, where they passed the 
residue of their lives and where they were known and honored for their 
steadfast character and kindly and genial ways. They did not attain 
to exalted position but their lives were guided and governed by the 
highest principles of integrity and honor and they did well their part 
in the world, so that their names merit perpetual place on the roll of the 
worthy pioneers of Grant county. 

To the public schools of his native county James W. Murphy is 
indebted for his early educational advantages, and in the same he con- 
tinued his studies until he had attained to the age of fifteen years, after 
which he attended the Wisconsin State Normal School in Platteville. 
In the meanwhile he formulated definite plans for his future career and 
his ambition was one of action, as it has continued to be during the 
years of his practical career as one of the world's productive workers. In 
consonance with his ambition Mr. Murphy was matriculated in the law 
department of the celebrated University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
and in this institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1880, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the preceding year he had 
been admitted to the bar of his native state, and after his graduation 
he entered upon his professional novitiate in Platteville, where he has 
continued in active practice during the long intervening period of more 
than thirty years and where he has built up a large law business, with 
impregnable reputation as a resourceful and versatile trial lawyer and 
admirably fortified counselor. He has been concerned with much im- 
portant litigation in the various courts of this section of the state and 
his distinctive success is the direct result of ability and earnest effort. 
He has been shown many evidences of popular confidence and esteem, and 
in this connection it may be noted that in 1882 he was elected city clerk 
of Platteville, of which municipality he was chosen city attorney in 1881. 
In 1886 he was elected United States district attorney, of which impor- 
tant office he continued the incumbent for two years and through his 
effective service in which he signally advanced his professional reputa- 
tion. For two years he served as a member of the board of supervisors 
of Grant county. In 1903 Mr. Murphy was elected mayor of Platte- 
ville, and so progressive, liberal and effective was his administration 
that, through successive re-elections, he continued at the head of the 
municipal government until 1906. 

Strong in his convictions and opinions concerning matters of eco- 
nomic and governmental policy, Mr. Murphy has been an aggressive and 
effective advocate of the principles and policies for which the Demo- 
cratic party stands sponsor, and his work in behalf of the cause has 
covered many . campaigns in his native state. In 1906 there came to 
him high mark of popular confidence and esteem, in that he was elected 
representative in Congress from Wisconsin. In the national legislature 
he fully justified the popular choice which placed him in office, and his 






/ , 



m/f 




HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1329 

earnest labors inured greatly to the benefit of his home district and 
state, the while his attitude was that of a broad-minded, sagacious and 
loyal legislator. 

Mr. Murphy and his wife are zealous communicants of the Catholic 
church, in the faith of which they were reared, and he is affiliated with 
the Knights of Columbus and the Catholic Order of Foresters. 

On the 16th of November, 1881, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Murphy to Miss Elizabeth Jones, and of their five children four are 
living. 

General Frederick C. Winkler was born in Bremen, Germany, on 
March 15, 1838, and is the son of Carl Winkler, who in the year 1842 
emigrated to the United States and settled in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Here he opened a drug store and two years later, after having become 
successfully established in business, he was joined by his wife and 
children, who had remained in the Fatherland while the husband and 
father made a home for them across the seas. 

Thus Frederick C. Winkler was educated in the public schools of 
this city and received all the advantages the educational system of 
the day was prepared to give him at that time. When he was eighteen 
years old he began to study law in the office of H. L. Palmer, moving 
to Madison when he was tvfenty and continuing his studies in the 
offices of the law firm of Abbott, Gregory & Pinney. On April 19, 
1859, he was admitted to the bar at Madison, whereupon he straightway 
returned to Milwaukee and began his legal practice here. Hv nut 
with a pleasing degree of success from the first, and has in the passing 
years gained a wide prominence in his profession, with the reputation 
of a man learned in the law. 

In 1862 Mr. Winkler felt called to offer his services to the Union 
cause. His associates desired that he serve as captain of a company 
which they proposed to raise, and he became Captain of Company 15 
of the Twenty-sixth Wisconsin Infantry, a German regiment which 
was organized in Milwaukee and vicinity. This company of young 
men was mustered into the regiment on September 17. 1862. and left 
the state on the 6th of the following month, joining the Army of the 
Potomac and spending the winter in drill, guard ami picket duty. 
The regiment participated in the battle of Chancellorsville on May 2. 
1863, and was at Gettysburg from July 1st to 3d, Captain Winkler 
at that time being attached to the staff of General Sehurz. The regi- 
ment lost heavily in both engagements. In the latter both the lieu- 
tenant-colonel and major of the regiment were wounded, and Captain 
Winkler became acting field officer. After the battle of Chickamauga, 
on September 20th and 21st, the regiment was senl with General 
Hooker's forces from the Army of the Potomac to the relief of General 
Rosecrans at Chattanooga. In the following November Colonel 



1330 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Jacobs left the organization and from that time until the close of the 
war Captain Winkler was in command, and was advanced through 
intervening grades to the rank of Colonel. The regiment under his 
command took part in the battles of Missionary Ridge, in November, 
1863, and the campaign into East Tennessee for the relief of Burnside 
at Knoxville which followed it. In the spring of 1864, when General 
Sherman organized his army for the invasion of Georgia, it became 
a part of the Third Brigade, Third Division of the Twentieth Army 
Corps, of which the command was given to General Hooker. Colonel 
Winkler's regiment thenceforth took part in all of General Sherman's 
campaigns, fought in many skirmishes and participated in every Joat- 
tle. Perhaps the severest struggle of its experience was at Peachtree 
Creek on July 20, 1864, of which action the official report of Colonel 
Wood, then commander of the Brigade, contains the following : 
"Where all behave well, it may be regarded as invidious to call atten- 
tion to individuals, yet it seems to me that I cannot discharge my 
whole duty in this report without pointing out for especial commenda- 
tion the conduct of the Twenty-sixth Wisconsin Volunteers and its 
brave and able commander. The position of this regiment in the line 
was such that the brunt of the attack on this brigade fell upon it. 
The brave, skillful and determined manner in which it met the attack, 
rolled back the onset and pressed forward in a counter charge and 
drove back the enemy, could not be excelled by the troops in this or 
any other army, and is worthy of the highest commendation and 
praise. It is to be hoped that such conduct will be held up as an 
example for others and will meet its appropriate reward." (Annual 
Report of Wisconsin Adjutant General for 1864, Page 80.) 

The regiment marched with Sherman to the sea and from Savannah 
through the Carolinas to Richmond, participating in hot fighting at 
Averysboro and Bentonville. It took part in the Grand Review at 
Washington, then proceeded to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where it was 
mustered out on June 28, 1865, Colonel Winkler being brevetted 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers, "For Meritorious Service." In 
further mention of the military career of General Winkler, it may be 
said that General William Cogswell, of Massachusetts, then in com- 
mand of the brigade, in his final report to the War Department, men- 
tioned the Twenty-sixth as "one of the finest military organizations 
in the service." 

Before the command of the regiment fell into his hands, Captain 
Winkler, as he ranked then, gave a large measure of his time to duties 
as judge advocate of many courts-martial, charged at times with the 
trial of the most weighty offenses. In a number of cases, some five 
or six in all, it became his duty to certify to headquarters sentences of 
death; all but two of these were commuted. In the court of inquiry 
to investigate certain criticisms of Major-General Carl Schurz and a 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1331 

part of his command, contained in General Hooker's official report of 
the night battle at Wauhatchie in Lookout Valley, Colonel Winkler 
was, at the request of General Schurz, appointed his counsel, and 'as 
a result of the inquiry, General Schurz and his subordinate, P. Hecker, 
were "fully exonerated from the strictures contained in General 
Hooker's report." 

After the close of his military duties General Winkler resumed 
the practice of his profession in Milwaukee, which he pursued with 
marked industry for a period of fifty years. His practice has been 
extensive in the Federal as well as state courts and he holds high rank 
in the profession as a clear-headed, able lawyer. In the presentation of 
cases he always aims to be fair, he is lucid in statement and forcible 
in argument. The first case argued by him in the Supreme Court of 
the state is reported in the 12th, and his last in the 146th volume of 
Wisconsin Reports. The first was in 1860, the last in 1911. 

A man of high moral integrity, he applied his principles to bis 
daily work, and none have been more zealous to maintain the highest 
ethical standards of legal practice. He has worked in this direction 
not only through his individual example, but also through the Wis- 
consin State and Milwaukee Bar Associations, of both of which he 
has been president. He has also been a vice-president of the American 
Bar Association. 

For the past fifteen years General Winkler has given a large 
portion of his time to the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany, being a trustee and a member of the finance and executive 
committee of that company. 

Politically General Winkler has always been a Republican, and 
more or less active with his party in the city and the state. He has 
given his support to every nominee of that party from Lincoln to Taft. 
He has been a member of many state conventions and was a delegate 
in the national conventions of 1880 and 1884. In the latter he became 
acquainted with Theodore Roosevelt, with whom he has been on terms 
of personal friendship ever since. He was an early friend of Civil 
Service Reform, was one of several who drafted the Milwaukee Fire 
and Police Commission law of 1885 and one of the first commissioners 
appointed under the same. He is one of the council of the National 
Civil Service Reform League and president of the Wisconsin League. 
He is a member and supporter also of the "National Municipal Re- 
form League" and other reformatory organizations. He is a man who 
has won and retained the confidence and respect ami esteem o\' a state- 
wide circle of friends and acquaintances, ami few Wisconsin men have 
had a more brilliant career either in the law or in military and civic 
affairs. He still retains his office in the Pabst Building, and his resi- 
dence is at 131 Eleventh Street. 

In 1864 General Winkler was married to Miss Frances M. Wight- 
man, and six daughters and three sons have been born to their union. 

Vol. V— 20 



1332 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Joseph P. Evans. One of the well known attorneys of Prairie du 
Chien is Joseph P. Evans, now city attorney, and former incumbent of 
a number of important offices in the city and county in line with his pro- 
fession. He is a native son of Crawford county, this state, born in the 
town of Clayton on March 4, 1868, and the son of W. H. and Mary 
( Flannigan ) Evans. 

Concerning the parentage and ancestry of Mr. Evans, it may be said 
that the father was born in Virginia, and is the son of an old and well 
known family of that state, while the mother was born in Ireland. Mr. 
Evans, who was at one time district attorney of Crawford county, was 
born on November 3, 1842, and is the son of Joseph and Mary (Hall) 
Evans. He received good education in his boyhood home, and in 1860 
he came to Clayton, in Crawford county, two years later enlisting as a 
private in Company D of the Thirty-first Wisconsin Infantry. He 
received a gunshot wound in a skirmish before Atlanta on July 30, 1864, 
but continued in the service until the expiration of his term of enlist- 
ment. With his return to Clayton, he began the study of law and was 
admitted to the bar in the Circuit Court at Prairie du Chien in May, 
1873. Success attended his efforts from the initiation of his practice, 
and in 1877 he was elected district attorney. He thereupon moved to 
Prairie du Chien, in order that he might be more centrally located for 
the efficient discharge of his duties, and he was the incumbent of that 
office for four successive terms. He was elected on the Democratic 
ticket to represent Crawford county in the General Assembly of 1873-4, 
that service inaugurating his career in public office. He was married in 
May, 1867, at Rising Sun, Wisconsin, to Mary J. Flannigan, and to them 
were born seven children, of which number Joseph P. Evans of this 
review is the eldest. 

Up to his eleventh year Joseph Evans attended public schools, then 
entered St. Gabriel's Parochial school where he continued until 1881, in 
which year he entered Sacred Heart College. He was graduated from 
that institution in the class of 1888, and his admission to the bar followed 
in 1891. 

Mr. Evans commenced the active practice of his profession in 
Prairie du Chien, in the same year in which he gained admission to the 
bar, and he has here continued in practice since that time. He was city 
clerk for two years, and in 1894 was elected to the office of city attor- 
ney, to which he was re-elected and is the present incumbent of the 
office. He was circuit court commissioner for twelve years and in all 
his years of public service has given a worthy account of his citizenship, 
as well as of his ability in his profession. 

On June 4, 1900, Mr. Evans was married to Miss C. M. Barrett, and 
to them four children have been born. Two of them are now living, — 
James A., born March 27, 1900, and Joseph Philip, born March 9, 1902. 






HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1333 

Cornelius A. Harper, M. D. In no branch has medical science made 
such tremendous strides as in its treatment of tuberculosis. Until within 
the last several decades this once most dreaded of all diseases was 
regarded as absolutely incurable and transmittable from one generation 
to another. Innumerable homes have been desolated because of its 
ravages ; many young hearts have been kept apart because of its terrors. 
Now, however, the Great White Plague can be prevented by the patient 
as well as the physician, and the fact that it is not an inherited disease 
has been clearly demonstrated beyond the possibility of a doubt. So 
interesting is the study of this disease, which presents itself in innu- 
merable forms, that many physicians are specializing with regard to it, 
and among these eminent men of science, who have attained distinction 
in this line, Dr. Cornelius A. Harper, of Madison, occupies a prominent 
place. He is a native of Wisconsin, having been born at Hazel Green, 
Grant county, February 20, 1864, and is a son of M. Allen and Hester 
(Lewis) Harper. 

M. Allen Harper was bom in Pennsylvania, in 1812, and in 1847 
came to the territory of Wisconsin, by way of the Ohio river, up the 
Mississippi to the Le Fevre river (known as Galena river), by steam- 
boat, to Galena, Illinois, and then on the Hazel Green, Grant county, 
where he engaged in farming. He was also one of the pioneers in the 
lead mining industry, in which he was engaged for many years, but in 
1885 retired from active life and removed to Madison, where his death 
occurred at the age of seventy-three years. He was one of his com- 
munity's foremost citizens, and for a long period took an active part in 
Republican politics. Mr. Harper's wife was born at Clarksburg, Vir- 
ginia, in 1828, and died in Madison in 1908. aged eighty years. They 
were the parents of nine children, of whom seven are living. Cornelius 

A. being the seventh in order of birth. 

Cornelius A. Harper spent his boyhood days on his father's farm 
in Grant county, where he remained until he was twenty years of age. 
and then turned his attention to school teaching, a vocation which he 
followed for two years. At that time he entered the University of Wis- 
consin, where he was graduated in the class of 1889. with the degree of 

B. S., and for one and one-half years taught high school, lie next 
entered Columbia University, Washington. D. C. now known as George 
Washington University, and was graduated in the medical class of 1893. 
with the degree of M. D. Subsequently, Dr. Harper took post-graduate 
work in Howard University, Washington. D. C. and in 1894 located 
in general practice in Madison. Although he is a general 
practitioner, Dr. Harper has devoted a great deal of attention to 
the treatment and cure of tuberculosis, and a Dumber of suce» as a 
in complicated cases have given him a wide-spread reputation in tins 
field of medical science. Among his confreres lie is known as an able 
physician, who respects the unwritten ethics of the profession, and 



1334 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

he is often called into consultation by his fellow-practitioners. He takes 
an active and intelligent interest in the work of the various organiza- 
tions, holding membership in the Dane County Medical Society, the 
Wisconsin State Medical Society, the American Medical Association, the 
American Public Health Association and the National Tuberculosis 
Association. He has been a member of the Wisconsin State Board of 
Health since 1905, and at this time is secretary thereof, and is also a 
member of the Wisconsin Tuberculosis Commission. A Republican, 
always active in his party's work, in 1910 he was elected a member of 
the State Assembly, of which body he is still a member. His fraternal 
connection is with Hiram Lodge No. 4, A. F. & A. M. 

On April 23, 1901, Dr. Harper was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Bowman, who was born in Madison, Wisconsin, daughter of 
John and Rose (Smith) Bowman, the former a native of New York 
State and the latter of Massachusetts. There were four children in the 
Bowman family, of whom three still survive, and of these Mrs. Harper 
is the youngest. 

Judge Arthur Loomis Sanborn. The Honorable Arthur Loomis 
Sanborn, judge of the western district federal court of Wisconsin, has 
long been prominent in leading legal and judicial circles. He has been 
a resident of Wisconsin during all but seven of his sixty odd years, 
although a New Yorker by birth. A descendant of New England fam- 
ilies of English origin, he represents in his paternal line of ancestry a 
family whose three sons were among the sturdy New Hampshire colonists 
of the seventeenth century, one of the three being Lieutenant John 
Sanborn of the English army, a direct progenitor of Arthur Loomis 
Sanborn. Among his maternal ancestors particularly notable is that 
Admiral Blount, of the vigorous if primitive naval service of the cen- 
tury following the period of the Norman conquest. The Judge 's father, 
Simpson E. Sanborn (1821-1862) was a native of New Hampshire; and 
the mother, Harriet Blount Sanborn (1823 — ) is a native of Lake 
George, Vermont. They were married in St. Lawrence county, New 
York, in 1850, and eight years later removed with their two little sons 
to Lake Geneva, in Walworth county, Wisconsin. Here Simpson San- 
born engaged in the jewelry business during the remaining five years of 
his life. His religious connection with the Methodist Episcopal church 
and his political associations were those of the Whig and later of the 
Republican party. 

It was on November 17, 1850, seven years before the coming of Simp- 
son and Harriet Sanborn to Wisconsin that their first son, Arthur Loomis 
Sanborn, was born, at Brasher Falls, a little village on the St. Regis river 
in the northern part of St. Lawrence county, New York. The only other 
child of the family was Eugene Sanborn, who grew to manhood and lived 
to middle age, his death occurring in 1900. The educational advantages 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1335 

of the two brothers were provided for by the common and high schools 
of Lake Geneva. Having completed his studies and having lost his 
father when a boy of twelve, Arthur Loomis Sanborn early entered upon 
the responsibilities of manhood. 

His active career began with his appointment, at the age of nineteen, 
to the position of deputy register of deeds. He took up his residence in 
Elkhorn, the county seat of Walworth county, on entering upon the 
duties of this office. While holding it he industriously employed his 
leisure time in reading law ; and, being admitted to the bar of the state, 
he began his legal practice, still retaining his county position. His execu- 
tive ability was recognized in his being elected after a time to the office 
of register of deeds, in which capacity he continued from January of 
1875 until January of 1879. In 1880, seeking further proficiency in his 
technical knowledge of the law, he pursued courses in the College of Law 
of the University of Wisconsin, receiving that same year his degree of 
Bachelor of Laws from the state institution. Having become a resident 
of Madison, while in attendance at the University, Mr. Sanborn remained 
there, becoming a partner of the Honorable S. U. Pinney, one of the 
pioneer lawyers of Dane county. This partnership continued until 1892, 
being necessarily dissolved when Mr. Pinney was elected to the supreme 
bench of the state. Mr. Sanborn then formed a partnership with John 
C. Spooner. When that was discontinued, the legal firm of Sanborn, 
Luse and Powell was organized. In 1902 Mr. Sanborn severed his asso- 
ciation with Messrs. Powell and Luse, in order to enter into professional 
partnership with his son, John B. Sanborn. This firm existed until the 
appointment of its senior partner to the federal bench in 1905. 

In addition to his general practice as an attorney, Judge Sanborn 
has held various positions of trust and responsibility. His unusnal 
legal insight led to an earnest desire for his services as a lecturer to the 
law classes of the University, where he was a member of the legal 
faculty from 1884 to 1888. From 1888 until 1904 he was a member of 
the board of examiners for admission to the state bar. He was also for 
several years an active and influential member of the Madison police and 
fire commission. He is one of the authors of the Annotated Statutes of 
the State of Wisconsin for 1889, and the Wisconsin Statutes of 1^' K . 
and also of the Sanborn Supplement of 1906. 

During the years of Judge Sanborn's legal and judicial activity a 
fine family of children and grandchildren have grown up about him. 
Almost from the beginning of his career of public service he has been 
favored with the sympathy and companionship of Mrs. Sanborn, who 
before her marriage was Miss Alice E. Golder, of Elkhorn. Wisconsin. 
Her father, Isaac Golder, was a pioneer merchant of that place, to which 
he had come from New York, which was the native state of both him- 
self and his wife, Sarah. Orleans county, in New York, was the birth- 
place of their daughter, Alice, the youngest of their family. Her mar- 



1336 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

riage to Arthur Looniis Sanborn was solemnized in 1874 and they became 
the parents of four children, three sons and one daughter. John Bell 
Sanborn, now a leading lawyer of Madison, is the eldest and his promi- 
nence in Madison is such as to make necessary more extended comment 
in another paragraph of this review. Katherine Sanborn became the 
wife of Chauncey E. Blake, who is the law partner of John Bell San- 
born. Eugene Sanborn, who married Miss Helen Whitney, is a farmer 
of Dane county, Wisconsin. Philip Sanborn, the youngest son, is now 
a student of the University of Wisconsin. Judge Sanborn's grandchil- 
dren, of whom he is very proud, are six in number. 

John Bell Sanborn, who inherited his father's interest in, and talent 
for, the profession of law, is one of the leading barristers of Madison. 
He was graduated from the literary courses of the University of Wiscon- 
sin in 1896 and received his degree of Bachelor of Laws from the same 
institution in 1897. Two years of further advanced study brought him 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1899. He then spent one year 
as a member of the faculty of American history in the University of 
Ohio, at Columbus. In September of 1901 he became the junior partner 
of a law firm, consisting of his father and himself. A year later he was 
made a full partner, the firm name being Sanborn and Sanborn. This 
association continued until 1905, when his father was made judge of 
the Federal Court of the Western District. Since that time John B. 
Sanborn has been a partner of his brother-in-law, Chauncey E. Blake, 
the name of the firm being Sanborn and Blake. Mr. Sanborn married 
Miss Gertrude Stillman, of Milwaukee. 

Not only domestic, but social interests, as well, claim some of the 
Judge's time. He is appreciative of organized recreation as well as of 
organized work. His membership in associations for the latter purpose 
include his connection with the Wisconsin Bar Association, the American 
Bar Association and the Criminal Law Association. Among non-pro- 
fessional associations he belongs to the University Club, the Madison 
Club, the Maple Bluff Golf Club, the Chicago Golf Club and the Hins- 
dale Golf Club. The great Scotch outdoor game is an especial favorite 
with Judge Sanborn, who is also a lover of fine horses and a connoisseur 
of the same. A warmly genial nature adds charm to his judicial dignity 
and elicits an affection that is general as well as sincere among the 
extensive public whom Mr. Sanborn served in his official capacity. That 
he is the logical incumbent of his important office may be indicated by 
a brief quotation from an issue of the Milwaukee Sentinel in 1905. 

"Through the appointment of Mr. Sanborn, the district bench will 
receive a valuable and conscientious accession. He is a man of highly 
recognized legal ability, with a standing before the bench and bar that 
will make his appointment most satisfactory. Senators Spooner and 
Quarles, in recommending Mr. Sanborn as Judge Bunn's successor, have 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN ]:;:;; 

closely followed the undoubted preferences of the great majority of the 
members of the Wisconsin bar and to the general public as well. ' ' 

Judge Sanborn has no superior and possibly no equal on the bench of 
Wisconsin in his knowledge of law. This qualification, coupled with his 
keen, analytical mind and fair, impartial judgment, makes him a man 
well fitted for the position and a worthy successor to the judges who 
have preceded him on the Federal bench. 

John Myers Olin. The title of John Myers Olin to a place among 
the biographies of citizens of Madison rests upon the fact that during 
the forty years he has been a resident of the city he has been connected 
with its best interests in educational, professional and public life. 
His career is unique for the length of its service, its varied character, 
and for the rare personal disinterestedness which has at times surrendered 
every personal ambition, every private interest, and labored without 
ceasing for the welfare of Jiis adopted city and its people. One of the 
leading lawyers of the state, he is a member of the firm of Olin, Butler 
& Crukeet, and was for the past two years president of the Wisconsin 
Bar Association. Mr. Olin was born July 10, 1851, at Lexington, Rich- 
land county, Ohio, and is a son of Nathaniel G. and Phoebe (Roberts) 
Olin, natives of Vermont, the former born at Shaftsbury and the latter 
at Manchester, and both now deceased. There were five sons and six 
daughters in the family, of whom four now survive. 

John Myers Olin secured his early education in the district schools 
of Richland county, the high school at Belleville, and Dailey's Private 
Academy, at Lexington. Entering Oberlin College, he remained in that 
institution through the freshman year, and then entered the sophomore 
class at Williams College, where he graduated with the class of 1873, 
receiving the degree of A. B., and being selected as a member of the 
Phi Beta Society. Three years later he received the degree of A. M. 
For one year after graduation, Mr. Olin was principal of the schools 
of Mansfield, Ohio, and in August, 1874, was called to Madison, Wiscon- 
sin, by Dr. Bascom, of the University of Wisconsin. From September, 
1874 until the close of the college year, in June, 1878. he was instructor 
in Rhetoric and Oratory in the University of Wisconsin, and graduated 
from the law department of that institution in 1879. At that time he 
engaged in the practice of law in partnership with Lars J. Grinde. under 
the firm name of Olin & Grinde, and his partnership with this gentle- 
man continued until Mr. Grinde's death in December. 1881. Mr. Olin 
subsequently practicing alone until January 1, 1802. At that time he 
formed a partnership with Harry L. Butler, under the linn style of 
Olin & Butler, and in 1910 William R. Crukeet became a member of the 
firm, at which time the name was changed to its present form. 

In the fall of 1885, Mr. Olin was selected as professor of Federal 
Jurisprudence and of the Law of Sales in the college of law of Wiscon- 



1338 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

sin University, holding this professorship until the close of the school 
year of 1887. In June, 1894, he again became a member of the law 
faculty and continued as such until his resignation in 1910 covering, 
during this time, the subjects of Wills, Torts, and Real Property. A 
large private practice and interests of large and varied nature have kept 
Mr. Olin 's time greatly occupied, but still he has found leisure to devote 
to work that has given him the title of "Father of the Park System." 
In 1894 he was one of the organizers of the Madison Park and Pleasure 
Drive Association, of which he was president for eighteen years, resign- 
ing in 1910. During this period he has given freely of his time, his ser- 
vice and his means in promoting movements calculated to benefit and 
beautify the city. Since 1907 he has been a member of the board of 
trustees of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company of Mil- 
waukee. Mr. Olin is a Republican in his political leanings, though it is 
difficult to state that he belongs to any party. His religious associations 
are with the Congregational church. . 

On June 14, 1880, Mr. Olin was married to Miss Helen M. Reming- 
ton, who was born in Baraboo, Wisconsin, daughter of Cyrus and Maria 
(Train) Remington, the former a native of New York and the latter 
of New Hampshire. Mrs. Olin is a graduate of the University of Wis- 
consin, class of 1876. 

Col. Frank H. Putney is one of the substantial capitalists 
of the beautiful little city of Waukesha, has been a most influential 
factor in its development and upbuilding and is one of the most pro- 
gressive and public-spirited citizens of the state in which he has main- 
tained his home for many years and in which he is widely known and 
honored. His career has been one of splendid achievement, as a sol- 
dier, citizen, lawyer, public official and man of affairs, and one of the 
most consistent and important functions of the publication at hand 
is to accord proper recognition to such representative men of Wiscon- 
sin as is this citizen of the metropolis and judicial center of Waukesha 
county. 

Colonel Frank Howell Putney was born at Rockford, the capital 
of Winnebago county, Illinois, on the 13th of October, 1841, and is the 
only child of Captain Foskett M. and Clarissa (Howell) Putney, who 
were honored pioneers of that state, as were they later of Wisconsin, 
the father having gained his military title through service in the 
trouble regarding the boundary line between Michigan and Ohio, and 
the major part of his active career having been devoted to farming and 
merchandising. Colonel Putney was a babe at the time of the family 
removal from Illinois to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, prior to the admission 
of the state to the Union, and in 1845, his father became a resident 
of Prospect Hill, Waukesha county. Five years later, in 1850, removal 
was made to the little village of Waukesha, and the parents continued 




?Z ^£22^^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1339 

their residence in this county until their death, the father having 
been a man of exalted character and marked ability. 

The village schools of Waukesha afforded Colonel Putney adequate 
educational advantages in a preliminary way, and thereafter he took a 
course of study in the preparatory department of Carroll College, at 
Waukesha. From 1855 to 1860 he attended the high school in Mil- 
waukee, and his youthful patriotism, which led him into the Union 
ranks at the inception of the Civil war, deflected him from his original 
plan of completing a collegiate course. 

Colonel Putney was among the first of the loyal young men of Wis- 
consin to tender service in defense of the nation's integrity when the 
Civil war was precipitated. In September, 1861, he enlisted as a 
private in Company G, Twelfth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. His 
company was commanded by Captain Howell and he served in this 
company for three years. On the 1st of July, 1862, he was appointed 
sergeant of his company, and on the 5th of January, 1864, he re-en- 
listed as a veteran, upon the expiration of his original term. On the 
7th of the following month he was commissioned second lieutenant, 
and as such he was mustered in on the 8th of September, in his former 
regiment, which was reorganized at this time. The command had 
been stationed at Lawrence, Kansas, in the early period of its service, 
and later was in turn at Fort Riley and Fort Leavenworth, that state. 
In April, 1862, he was sent to Columbus, Kentucky, and in the sum- 
mer of that year proceeded to La Grange, Tennessee. Colonel Putney 
participated in General Grant's memorable campaign in northern 
Mississippi during the autumn and winter of 1862; thereafter was in 
the command of General Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and in tin- 
ever memorable march to the sea. He took part in the many engage- 
ments incidental to this campaign, including the siege of Savannah ; 
was thereafter identified with the campaign through the Carolines. 
and the final march from Raleigh, North Carolina, to Washington. 1). 
C, where he participated in the Grand Review of the victorious troops, 
at the close of the war. 

In October, 1864, Colonel Putney was detailed as acting adjutant 
of his regiment, and he served in this capacity until April. 18i>">. when 
he was detached from his regiment and assigned to duty as acting 
assistant adjutant general on the staff of Colonel Cassius Fairchild, 
who commanded a brigade. On the 22d of May. 1865. by order of 
Major General F. P. Blair, Colonel Putney was assigned to dnty as 
brigade inspector on the staff of General Charles Ewing. command- 
ing the First Brigade, Third Division of the Seventeenth Army Corps. 
and he continued in active service until the final mustering out of his 
company and regiment, at Louisville, Kentucky, on the 16th of July. 
1865. He was a gallant and faithful soldier and his record as a 
defender of the Union cause during the long ami weary period of the 



1340 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

great conflict will ever reflect high honor upon his name and upon 
the state which he represented. 

After the close of his military career Colonel Putney returned to 
Wisconsin and turned his attention to the study of law. He made 
definite progress in his assimilation and absorption of the involved 
science of jurisprudence and was admitted to the bar of the state in 
1870. Thereafter he was engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Waukesha until 1874, when he went to New York city, 
where he gave his attention to newspaper work for a period of about 
two years, at the expiration of which he returned to Wisconsin. In 
1876 he was appointed private secretary to Governor Ludington, with 
the rank of colonel, and in 1878 he was tendered and accepted the 
position of assistant secretary of state, under Hans B. Warner. He 
was reappointed in 1880 and while serving in this position he was 
elected county judge of Waukesha county. He assumed his position 
on the bench on the 1st of January, 1882, and remained the able and 
popular incumbent of this judicial office for four years. In 1891 he 
was appointed postmaster of Waukesha, under the administration of 
President McKinley, and during his term of four years he gave a 
most effective service, as he has ever done in all positions of public 
trust to which he has been called. 

It is scarcely necessary to say that Colonel Putney is admirably 
fortified in his opinions concerning economic and governmental polity 
and that he has been a stalwart of stalwarts in the ranks of the Repub- 
lican party, with the activities of which in his home state he has been 
closely identified. His interest in his old comrades of the Civil war 
has been of the most enduring order, and he has been actively affiliated 
with William B. Cushing Post, No. 19, Grand Army of the Republic, 
in Waukesha, from the time of its organization. He served three 
terms as commander of this post and has also held the office of adju- 
tant general of the Wisconsin Department of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, besides which he is a companion of the first class, in the 
Wisconsin Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States. In ancient-craft Masonry he is affiliated with 
Waukesha Lodge, No. 37, Free & Accepted Masons, and he has also 
attained to the thirty-second degree in the Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, having also completed the circle of the York Rite. He is a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Colonel Putney has shown distinctive ability in the promotion and 
administration of business affairs of broad scope and importance, and 
through his well ordered enterprise he has gained a substantial for- 
tune. He was one of the founders of the Waukesha Mineral Springs 
Sanitarium, was formerly vice-president of the Waukesha National 
Bank, and at one time was president of the Waukesha Malleable Iron 
Company, each of which corporations benefited from his counsel and 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1341 

progressive ideas. He is at the present time president of the Waukesha 
Gas & Electric Company, and a stockholder in the Waukesha Realty 
Company. He has shown an abiding interest in all that has touched 
the welfare of his home city and his influence and co-operation have 
been freely given in support of measures and enterprises tending lu 
further the civic and material prosperity of Waukesha and the state 
at- large. He is the owner of much valuable realty in his home city 
and elsewhere, and now, after years of earnest and effective endeavor, 
he is living virtually retired in his beautiful home in Waukesha. 

E. Ray Stevens. Throughout his career and by reason of unim- 
peachable conduct and close observance of the unwritten code of pro- 
fessional ethics, gained the admiration and respect of his fellow mem- 
bers of the bar, in addition to which he commands a high place in the 
confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens. For several years past he 
has been judge of the Ninth Judicial circuit of "Wisconsin. 

A native of Illinois, Judge Stevens was born at Barrington, Lake- 
county, that state, the date of his birth June 20, 18G!>. He is a 
son of George B. and Frances Ellen (Kellogg) Stevens, both of whom 
were born and reared in New York. The date of the father's birth 
was July 8, 1825, and he died in 1903. Mrs. Stevens was born Octo- 
ber 30, 1838,, and her demise occurred in 1898. The early Stevens ances- 
tors in America were among the Dutch and English settlers of the Em- 
pire state and representatives of the name served in the Revolutionary 
war and in the War of 1812. In early life George Stevens was a farmer 
in New York and subsequently he engaged in the general merchandise 
business in his native state. In the early '50s he came to the west and 
settled in Lake county, Illinois, where he was identified with agricul- 
tural operations until 1877, when he located in Jefferson county. Wis- 
consin. Here he devoted his attention to farming for several years 
and eventually retired to Janesville, where he passed away in 1903. 
While in Lake county, Illinois, he was a member of the school l>oard and 
for a number of years was justice of the peace. In politics lie was an 
ardent Republican after the war and in a fraternal way lie was a valued 
member of the Masonic order. He and his wife had one son. E. Ray. 
the immediate subject of this review. 

Judge Stevens was eight years of age at the time of his parents re- 
moval from Illinois to Wisconsin. He attended the public schools of 
Koshkonong, in Jefferson county, and was graduated in the high school 
of Janesville. In the fall of 1889 he was matriculated as a student in 
the University of Wisconsin, in which institution he was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1893 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Two years later he completed the law course of his alma mater and the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws was conferred upon him. It is worthy of 



1342 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

note here that Judge Stevens furnished the funds for his college educa- 
tion with newspaper work. 

In 1896 Judge Stevens became a law partner of Burr W. Jones and 
the well known law firm of Jones and Stevens continued to do business 
in Madison until 1903. In the latter year, upon the election of Judge 
Robert G. Siebecker to the Supreme bench of the state, Governor La- 
Follette appointed Mr. Stevens to fill out the unexpired term of Judge 
Siebecker as judge of the Ninth Judicial circuit. At the expiration of 
that term, in 1908, Judge Stevens was regularly elected to fill that office 
and he is incumbent of it at the present time, in 1912. In the legisla- 
tive session of 1901 he represented the First district of Dane county 
in the Assembly and was the author of the so-called Stevens Primary 
Election bill, which failed of passage. In politics the Judge is a Re- 
publican and in religious matters he is a zealous member of the Con- 
gregational church. 

In 1908 Judge Stevens became one of the organizers of the Wis- 
consin Criminal Law Conference, of which he was president for two 
terms. . He was a member of the commissioners for the Promotion of 
Uniformity of Legislation from Wisconsin for a number of years and 
is affiliated with the Delta U College fraternity. In Masonic circles he 
is a member of Madison Lodge, No. 5, Free & Accepted Masons; Madi- 
son Chapter, No. 4. Royal Arch Masons; and Madison Council, Royal 
& Select Masters. 

June 23, 1898, was solemnized the marriage of Judge Stevens to 
Miss Kate L. Sabin, a daughter of Henry Sabin, of the town of Windsor, 
Wisconsin. Three children were born to Judge and Mrs. Stevens : 
Ellen died at the age of ten years ; and Myron and Sabin are attending 
school in Madison. 

Emil Lenichectk. A representative member of the bar of his 
native city, where he is also president and counsel of the Citizens 
Abstract & Title Company, of which he was the organizer, Mr. Leni- 
check is one of those progressive and loyal citizens to whom it is a 
pleasure to accord specific recognition in this history of Wisconsin, of 
whose metropolis he is a most popular business man as well as an able 
representative of his profession. 

Emil Lenicheck was born in Milwaukee on the 29th of November, 
1872, and is a son of Frank and Anna (Slaby) Lenicheck, both of 
whom were born and reared in Bohemia, where their marriage was 
solemnized and where they continued to reside until 1867, when they 
immigrated to America and made Milwaukee their destination. The 
father was a skilled mason and became a successful contractor in the 
line of his trade. He was a man of ability and sterling character and 
during the many years of his residence in Milwaukee he erected many 
fine buildings and was otherwise prominent as a contractor and sub- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1343 

stantial business man. He died in this city on the 19th of March, 1909, 
secure in the high regard of all who knew him, and his devoted wife 
preceded him to eternal rest, her death having occurred on the 18th 
of December, 1907. Of their children three sons and two daughters 
attained to years of maturity and all of the number are living except 
the eldest son, Joseph H., who died, in Denver, Colorado, on the 20th 
of October, 1898. In politics the father gave his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party and he manifested a loyal interest in civic affair- 
well as in the promotion of the cause of the party with which he was 
aligned. 

The public schools of Milwaukee afforded Emil Lenicheck his early 
educational advantages and he also attended the Milwaukee Law School 
and effectively prepared himself for the bar, to which he was admitted 
in 1895. For some time he was the incumbent of a position in the law 
office of Samuel Howard, and in connection with the abstract busi- 
ness conducted by Mr. Howard he gained a broad and accurate knowl- 
edge of this line of enterprise, especially in its application to Milwau- 
kee county. He later entered the employ of the Dupre Abstract Com- 
pany, and shortly after, he formed a partnership with his only sur- 
viving brother, Frank J., and engaged in the active practice of law in 
Milwaukee, under the firm name of Lenicheck & Lenicheck, his brother 
being at the present time a member of the well known law firm of 
Lenicheck, Robinson, Fairchild & Boesel, of Milwaukee. In the autumn 
of. 1899 Emil Lenicheck and his brother dissolved partnership and the 
former then became associated with the real-estate firm of Richter. Diek 
& Reutemann, in charge of the firm's legal department. This alliance 
continued about three years and Mr. Lenicheck then became assistant 
secretary of the Milwaukee Abstract & Title Company, with which he 
continued to be thus identified until 1904, when he severed the connec- 
tion and effected the organization of the Citizens Abstract & Title Com- 
pany, of which he has since been president and counsel, the offia - 
the company being located at 109 Miller block, 112 Wisconsin street. 
To the affairs of this company Mr. Lenicheck now gives virtually bis 
entire time and attention and through his technical knowledge, broad 
experience and marked executive ability he has made the enterprise 
most successful, the issuing of an abstract by this company being re 
garded as an authoritative title. The files and records of the company 
are being completed and systematically placed, so that the service is 
prompt and reliable in every particular. 

Mr. Lenicheck is aligned with the Republican party and while he 
has been a zealous worker in its cause, he has manifested no predilection 
for the honors or emoluments of public office. He is a member of the 
directorate of the Milwaukee Savings Bank, one of the substantial and 
popular financial institutions of the Wisconsin metropolis, and is affil- 
iated with the Equitable Fraternal Union. 



1344 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

On the 23d of October, 1901, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Lenicheck to Miss Mildred L. Scheuber, who was born in Jefferson 
county, this state, where her parents established their home in the 
pioneer days. She is a daughter of Adolph and Henriette Scheuber, 
both of whom were born in Germany and each of whom was about fif- 
teen years of age at the time when their respective parents immigrated 
to America and established homes in Wisconsin, in the territorial days. 
For a time Adolph Scheuber resided at Golden Lake, Jefferson county, 
and he then removed to Jefferson county, where he and his wife main- 
tained their residence for many years, their home having been in the 
village of Sullivan the greater part of the time. Mr. Scheuber was a 
man of strong mentality and broad information, a citizen of sterling 
character and one who ever commanded unqualified popular esteem. 
He served for a long period as register of deeds of Jefferson county 
and also held the office of notary public. He gained a good knowledge 
of fundamental law and his fairness and mature judgment, combined 
with his broad information, made him a person of influence in his 
co mm unity, especially in the early days, when he was called upon to 
arbitrate difficulties and give counsel to his neighbors, who placed im- 
plicit confidence in his dictums. He and his wife passed the closing 
years of their lives in Milwaukee, where he died on the 12th of April, 
1892, and where Mrs. Scheuber was summoned to eternal rest on the 
1st of February, 1903. 

Mrs. Lenicheck was afforded excellent educational advantages, both 
in Jefferson county and in Milwaukee. She was graduated from the 
East Side high school of Milwaukee and also from the State Normal 
School in this city, and prior to her marriage she had been for several 
years a successful and popular teacher in the public schools. She 
presides most graciously over the attractive family home, at 650 
Twenty-eighth street, and three fine sons complete the ideal domestic 
circle, Frank Adolph, Harold Adrian, and Herbert Clyde, all of whom 
were born in Milwaukee. 

John D. Termaat. One of the most important of the industrial enter- 
prises that are lending prestige to the city of Oshkosh as a manufactur- 
ing and commercial center is that conducted by the Termaat & Monahan 
Company, manufacturers of gasoline and kerosene engines. This is one 
of the largest concerns of the kind in the Union, with a fine plant of the 
best modern type, and from a modest inception the business has grown 
to one of extensive ramifications, the while the products of the factory 
constitute, through their superiority, the most effective agency for adver- 
tising and expanding the enterprise. Of this company Mr. Termaat is 
president, and he has been a dominating force in the upbuilding of the 
splendid business, — a man of ideas and ideals and one whose course has 
been guided along most progressive lines and animated by the highest 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1345 

principles of integrity and honor. He is one of the essentially representa- 
tive business men of Wisconsin, has achieved success through his own 
well directed endeavors and is altogether worthy of specific recognition in 
this publication. Mr. Termaat is a scion of the staunchest of Holland 
Dutch stock and is himself a native of the fine old Netherlands. He was 
born at Aalten, Holland, on the 12th of January, 1867, and is a repre- 
sentative of one of the honored and influential families of Holland, a 
country to which the United States has owed much of her progress and 
prosperity, from the earliest stage of development to the present time. 
Mr. Termaat was reared and educated in his native land and was seven- 
teen years of age when he came to America, locating in Wisconsin in 
1892. He came to Oshkosh and became one of the promoters and organizers 
of the Termaat & Monahan Company, which initiated the manufacturing 
of gasoline and kerosene - engines. Operations were instituted on a small 
scale but the manifest superiority of the engines manufactured caused 
the business to expand so rapidly that in 1895 it was found expedient to 
incorporate the same under the laws of the state and under the present 
title. Mr. Termaat has served continuously as president of the company 
and has proved a most discriminating and progressive executive, with 1.. 
J. Monahan as his chief coadjutor, the latter holding the office of vice 
president. The plant of the concern is well equipped and the products 
of the same have found ready demand in all sections of the Union, besides 
which a substantial export trade is now controlled, the annual business 
having attained to an average aggregate of two hundred thousand dollars 
and employment being given to a corps of more than one hundred opera- 
tives, many of whom are skilled artisans. The company manufacture all 
sizes of gasoline engines and make a specialty of those for stationary and 
marine use. From a bulletin recently issued by the company are taken 
the following pertinent statements : 

"The Termaat & Monahan Company have been building and manu- 
facturing gasoline engines for the past eighteen years and have one of the 
largest and best equipped factories in the United States for the manu- 
facture of this line of goods. Nothing but gasoline and kerosene engines 
are built, and the designs are superior throughout. We build the engines 
in their entirety, — from the drawing board to the shipping room. Our 
foundry is one of the most modern in every detail, the castings being of 
special quality for gas-engine work. Quality has always been a Leading 
element in all T & M products, the slogan T & M standing for quality at 
all times. It means that each and every buyer of a T & M engine will 
receive honest treatment, with full guaranty. We build a number of 
styies and types of gasoline engines and manufacture the hopper-cooled 
engines in large quantities, each part being interchangeable, so that 
repairs will fit without trouble, should any parts become broken, which is 
not likely unless by accident of some kind. These engines are compact, 
light in weight and powerful, besides presenting an extremely neat 



1346 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

appearance. They are ready at all times to do any work within their 
power. ' ' 

Mr. Termaat manifests a lively interest in all things that tend to 
advance the civic and material welfare of his home city and is known as 
one of its loyal and progressive business men. His political allegiance is 
given to no specific party and he gives his support to men and measures 
meeting the approval of his judgment, without reference to partisan 
dictates. He is an appreciative and popular member of the Oshkosh lodge 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Col. William J. Boyle. Milwaukee has been the home and head- 
quarters of many able railroad men of the country, and among these have 
been none better known than Col. Boyle for a quarter of a century repre- 
senting the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, as general agent of 
the passenger department. Col. Boyle has been in the active railroad serv- 
ice since 1868, a period that includes the most notable advances made 
in the history of American railways and transportations. It may serve 
the better to indicate the length of his service if the fact is recalled that 
in 1868 the first transcontinental line of railway had not been com- 
pleted between the Mississippi Valley and the Pacific Coast, and trans- 
portation in nearly every state west of the Missouri river still depended 
upon the wagon and pack horse. In the middle west and east, where 
there was one mile of badly equipped railroad, there is now fifty miles 
of the finest equipment and service known in the world. 

Col. Boyle whose splendid services as commander of the states 
troops during the calamities in the iron-range district of upper Wis- 
consin some years ago further serves to distinguish him in Wisconsin 
citizenship, was born at Chatham, Ontario, August 10, 1846. His par- 
ents were John and Rebecca (Marsh) Boyle, substantial farming people 
who lived and died at their -home near Chatham, Ontario. The mother 
was born in Toronto, and the father was also a native of Ontario. 

William J. Boyle, after attending the schools in his native village at 
the age of fourteen went to Detroit, where he entered the employ of 
a large lake transportation company as clerk. A few years later he 
returned to Ontario, locating at Dresden as a clerk for the same Detroit 
company, and continued in this line of service until he took up railroad- 
ing in 1868. Since then he has been continually engaged in railroad work 
and has had steady advancement and success. His first experience was 
at Boone, Iowa, where he was cashier in the freight office of the North- 
western Railroad, a position he filled with credit until 1871, when he 
was transferred to Cedar Rapids as ticket agent of the Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids & Northern Railroad. Four years of efficient service in that 
capacity was followed by a brief time of leisure and travel, and then on 
May 1, 1875 he arrived in Milwaukee, where he began duties as assistant 
ticket agent of the Northwestern Road. In the September following, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1347 

he was appointed freight contracting agent of the .same railroad in 
Milwaukee, and a year later became Milwaukee agent of the Blue Line, 
and after a year returned to the Northwestern as city passenger agent, 
The next change in his service occurred a few months later when he was 
appointed general agent of the Blue Line on the Canadian Southern, 
an important responsibility, which he carried until he joined tin- busi- 
ness department of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St, Paul R. R. On ' ! 
ber 1, 1888, he was appointed general agent of the passenger depart- 
ment, in Milwaukee, succeeding Mr. Ingersoll in that important office, 
and he now has almost completed a record of a quarter century in this 
position, the duties and scope of which have of course enlarged many 
fold since he first took charge. 

During the administration of Governor Peck, Col. Boyle was hon- 
ored by appointment to the governor's staff, a distinction which was 
entirely unsought and entirely unexpected, since Mr. Boyle had always 
been a Republican in politics, though never a partisan. Governor Upham 
reappointed him, and it was during the Upham administration that the 
opportunity came for General Boyle's valuable services. During the 
suffering in Phillips and throughout the iron-range as a result of the 
big fire and the miners' trouble, Col. Boyle had complete charge of 
the State Aid Quarters and the distribution of funds and provisions, 
clothing and other supplies. He acted in fact as quarter-master gen- 
eral throughout the trouble. The official record duly audited, shows 
that not a dollar was wasted or carelessly expended in that long siege, 
although Col. Boyle was continually subject to importunity for assist- 
ance from hangers-on, as well as fromihe real sufferers, and it was with 
consummate skill that he received and properly handled all applicants 
and finally became understood that there was no use trying to bulldoze 
Col. Boyle, and yet while a strict disciplinarian and refusing to be im- 
posed upon, he possessed the rare ability of never having ueglected the 
proper claims when rightfully entitled to the aid and help of the state de- 
partment. When Col. Boyle and his forces had finished their work in the 
northern iron range, he was able to turn back to the state treasurery 
about five thousand dollars of unused funds, and that money was sub- 
sequently distributed among several state charitable institutions. Gov- 
ernor Scofield honored Col. Boyle for the third time with appointment 
as colonel on the staff. Since then he has held no political office and 
has only taken the part of a good citizen and voter in political affairs 

Col. Boyle has for many years been well known in civic and social 
circles in Milwaukee. He is a bachelor and for thirty-two years Ins home 
was in the old Plankinton House, which is soon to come down to make 
room for a large modern hotel. He left the Plankinton in 1907 and 
now resides on Belleview Place. Col. Boyle has for many years pos- 
sessed one of the best private libraries in Milwaukee, and his taste for 
books is one of varied accomplishments and interests in life. He is one 
Vol. v— 2 1 



1348 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

of the oldest members of the Merchants & Manufacturers Association 
of Milwaukee, and also belongs to the Citizens Business League. 
Although he has not owned any horses for the past ten years, Col. Boyle 
was formerly credited with driving the handsomest and best carriage 
teams in the state, and has always been a lover of fine horses. 

Milo Muckleston. One of Waukesha's able barristers of the 
younger generation is Mr. Milo Muckleston. The energy and reserve 
force for which Mr. Muckleston is noted, both physically and intel- 
lectually, are the heritage of the mingled Welsh and Scotch lineage of 
which he is a product. His rather unusual surname is one distinguished 
in Scotch tradition, with which legends of his father's progenitors are 
intertwined. In his mother 's line, Milo Muckleston is a lineal descend- 
ant of that Cheirog Hughes, who was a conspicuous figure in the 
national revolution of Wales and one with whom all students of Welsh 
history are familiar. These two races were prominently represented 
in the pioneer days of life in this part of the United States and the 
grandparents of Mr. Muckleston were among the makers of Wiscon- 
sin, where they settled as early as 1840. Waukesha was the home of 
John Muckleston and his wife, Jane Davis Muckleston, who gave to 
the world four sons of fine physique and competent mind. All of 
these are college graduates and all of them have exhibited athletic 
prowess in marked degree. 

One of the four sons of John and Jane Muckleston was named 
Milo ; and it is he in whose honor this biography is offered. His birth- 
place was in this community to which he has ever since been loyal, 
and the date of his nativity was April 8, 1877. For him was destined 
the invaluable bequest of a good education. After his preliminary 
study in the public schools of Waukesha, he pursued courses in St. 
John's Military Academy at Delafield, in Carrol College at Waukesha 
and in the University of Wisconsin. In the latter institution, he first 
entered upon a special course, later registering in the College of Law. 
The last-named stage of his education was deferred while he gave 
three years' pedagogical service in the schools of Waukesha county. 
In 1903 his period of preparation was complete and he was graduated 
from our State University as a Bachelor of Laws. 

Mr. Muckleston 's professional career is one for which sincere con- 
gratulation is due. He is a member of the law firm of Muckleston and 
Thomas, which is one of good report in the courts of this county. 
Milo Muckleston 's combined ability and geniality makes him not only 
a worthy but an approachable counselor, in a perhaps unusual degree. 
He was district attorney for four years of Waukesha county, and in 
April, 1913, he was elected municipal judge which office he now fills. 

Financial success early rewarded the young man, who has become 
variously prominent in commercially important concerns of the city. 






Va^J2^ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1349 

He is connected as a stock-holder with three of the banks of Waukesha 
and is prominent as a director in the Farmers' State Bank; in the 
Waukesha Motor Company he is also a director. He has furthermore 
become connected with numerous fraternal organizations, including 
the Masonic order, in which he has passed the thirty-second degree; 
the Knights of Pythias; the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
Mr. Muckleston married in June, 1905, Miss Mary J. Wilkins of 
Waukesha, daughter of Joseph Wilkins, who came to Wisconsin from 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in an early day. 

Milton A. Sprague. President of the Northern State Bank of 
Washburn, an institution which he organized eighteen years ago, Mil- 
ton A. Sprague has been identified with the lumber industry of the 
west almost half a century, and during the greater part of this time bis 
home has been in Wisconsin. 

Milton A. Sprague was born at Newark, Wayne county. New York, 
October 29, 1843. His parents were Lowell and Hephzibah Flint 
Sprague, both natives of New Hampshire. Lowell Sprague died at lin- 
age of forty years, while his widow survived until sixty. Two of their 
six children are still living, the sister of the Wisconsin banker being 
Mary, wife of Peter G-. Lamoreaux. MiltOn A. Sprague had a common 
school education in New York State, lived there until he was seventeen. 
and then went west to the state of Minnesota. At the age of twenty 
his career as a lumberman got its first impetus in the northwest, in 
Idaho. Four years later he returned to the middle west locating at 
Osage in Mitchell county, Iowa, where several years were spent in the 
lumber trade, and at Minneapolis he engaged in the manufactur 
lumber. His experience has covered all details of the business, not only 
as a practical lumberman, but also in lumber dealing. From Minne- 
apolis, he transferred his operations to Barron county, Wisconsin, which 
at that time was one of the largest centers of native timber in the state. 
In the course of his lumbering and milling operations in that county, a 
town was established which received the name of Sprague in his honor. 
That was his home and the center of his business operations for about 
ten years. In 1890 Mr. Sprague moved his business headquarters to 
Washburn, and his home has been in that city since IS!)."). At the pres- 
ent time his business as a lumberman has been transferred to younger 
hands, his son Monroe H. Sprague having taken the active manage- 
ment of the M. H. Sprague Lumber Company. 

In 1895, the year in which his home was located in Washburn. Mr. 
Sprague organized the Northern State Bank of Washburn. Wisconsin. 
It has been chiefly due to his efficient administration of this bank, that 
it quickly attained and has since been one of the strongest financial 
institutions of the county. For many years Mr. Sprague was associated 



1350 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

with the late H. C. Akeley of Minneapolis in the lumber trade, and 
they did a large business dealing in timber lands. 

Mr. Sprague is a Mason, his lodge membership being at Osage, Iowa, 
and he has taken the work in the York Rite up to the Knights Templar 
degrees. His politics is Republican. On the first of December, 1875, 
Mr. Sprague married Hattie H. Graves of Mitchell county, Iowa, where 
she was born and reared. They are the parents of two children, Monroe 
H., who has succeeded his father as active manager of the lumber busi- 
ness at Washburn; and Miss Alice. 

Alvin H. Hulett. One of the oldest residents of Southern Wis- 
consin is Alvin H. Hulett, who now lives retired in the City of Racine. 
In Kenosha and Racine counties, he has spent nearly seventy years of 
his life, practically, since his birth. He was an honored soldier of the 
Civil War, and after returning from the south engaged in farming and 
mercantile business, and was for many years a livestock dealer and 
shipper. Most of his career was passed in Kenosha county but for the 
last twenty years he has been a resident of Racine where he is connected 
with business affairs, though in latter years he has largely retired from 
active supervision of business. 

Alvin H. Hulett was born in Oswego county, New York on the 
thirty-first of July, 1843. New York State was also the native home of 
his parents, Cornelius and Mary (Montague) Hulett. When Alvin H. 
was a few months old, they finally came west, and located in Kenosha 
county, in the territory of Wisconsin. There the father contended with 
pioneer conditions, and developed and improved a farm. For many 
years he was engaged in general agriculture and stock raising. He was 
also an auctioneer, and it was during a sale that he died suddenly. His 
farm was situated in the townships of Paris and Brighton, Kenosha 
county. Finally he sold his interest in that county and moved to Racine 
county, where his death occurred in 1875. His wife survived him and 
was eighty-seven years of age at the time of her death in 1907. During 
the Civil war Mr. Hulett acted as a secret service man. 

Mr. Alvin H. Hulett was reared on a farm, and largely amid the 
circumstances and environments of a pioneer country, since Wisconsin 
had only a small share of the facilities of civilization which it possesses 
in later days. During the winter season he attended the district school 
near his home, and early learned all of the varied occupations and hard 
labor of the farm. He was twenty-one years of age, when, in August, 
1864, he enlisted in Company H of the First Wisconsin Heavy Artillery. 
The commanding officer of this regiment was Colonel Messervi of 
La Crosse. The regiment was sent into Virginia, where it was chiefly 
employed in guarding points and stations already in possession of the 
Union army. After one year of service, Mr. Hulett was honorably dis- 
charged in the fall of 1865, and then returned home to Racine county. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1351 

His independent farming career began in Brighton township, Kenosha 
county, where he remained four years, at the end of which time he 
became clerk in a general store. And for five years traveled as a shoe 
salesman for John Beck of Racine. For seventeen years Kansasville, 
Wisconsin, was his headquarters as a cattle and hog dealer, and shippi r, 
and during that time he was one of the most enterprising nun in this 
business in southeastern Wisconsin. Mr. Ilulett in 1893 moved to 
Racine, and since that time has given only a limited supervision to his 
business interests. Besides his other relations with business, lie is a 
director of the Commercial and Savings Bank of Racine. 

For a number of years he has been one of the influential Republicans, 
although he has never aspired to any office, except where he could give 
some specific service to the public welfare. He served a term ;is town 
clerk of Brighton township. Fraternally, lie is affiliated with Racine 
Lodge No. 92, A. F. & A. M. ; Orient Chapter No. 12 R. A. M.j and with 
Governor Harvey Post No. 17 G. A. R. 

In 1876 he was united in marriage with Miss Alice Asby of Racine, a 
daughter of William and Mark (Clark) Ashy, both of whom were old 
residents of Racine county. The two children of their marriage are: 
Roy G. of Racine; and Elsie May, wife of H. I). Williams of Racine. 

Christopher C. Gittings is a native of Racine county, was reared 
in this vicinity, and entered the legal profession after a thorough 
apprenticeship and hard work, part of which was spenl as ;i Western 
pioneer homesteader. Besides a position of leadership in the bar, he 
has enjoyed many public honors, as a former postmaster of Racine, and 
has long been a prominent man in the Republican party of the county. 

Christopher C. Gittings, whose father William Gittings, was one of 
the early settlers of Racine county, was born in Caledonia township on 
the 29th of October, 1862, and was reared on a farm until 16 years 
age. During that time he learned all the varied labor of the country 
and acquired his education in the country schools. Subsequently, he 
was a student in the Racine academy, where he was graduated in 1881. 

Though at this early period in his life, the legal profession had 
attracted him, and it was his ambition to enter the law. yet for some 
years his energies were directed into another line. In 1883 he became 
a homesteader on a claim in Faulk county. South Dakota, during the 
territorial days of the Dakotas. His summers were spent in the hard 
labors of a pioneer homestead, and during the winter seasons he taught 
school in Racine county. He obtained a position o\' prominence among 
the early settlers of Faulk county, and was honored as a delegate to one 
of the first county Republican conventions in that section. It was by 
means of this varied form of occupations that he advanced to mem- 
bership in the bar. He began reading law with the firm of Fuller & 
Fuller. While pursuing his studies, he spent a year in Racine college, 



1352 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

and was finally admitted after examination to the bar in December, 
1889. 

At the beginning of his practice in 1890, Mr. Gittings became asso- 
ciated with the well known law firm of Fuller & Fife, of Racine, con- 
tinuing that relationship until January 1891, at which time, a partner- 
ship was formed with Walter C. Palmer, and the firm of Palmer & 
Gittings then established continued until January 1, 1914. This was 
one of the strongest combinations of legal talent in the Racine bar and 
was in existence for more than twenty years. In that time it had a 
generous share in the higher class practice of the courts and office in 
Racine county. Mr. Gittings is also interested in business affairs in 
Racine, and is president of the Gold Medal Camp Furniture Company, 
in which he owns a half interest, and he also owns farm lands in both 
Racine county and South Dakota, having acquired the latter during 
his early experiences as a homesteader in that state. 

As a Republican, Mr. Gittings has been honored with various offices, 
having served as city attorney for five years, was for many years a 
member of the State Central Committee; a delegate to different State 
conventions; chairman of the Republican County Central Committee; 
Treasurer of the Republican State Central Committee, and for several 
years held the office of Postmaster in Racine. His residence in Racine is 
at 1303 Main Street, where he owns a fine home. On May 16, 1901, Mr. 
Gittings married Miss Laura A. Jones, a daughter of Captain John W. 
and Jane Jones. Mr. and Mrs. Gittings are members of the Plymouth 
Congregational Church, in which he has served as Treasurer and Deacon. 
His fraternal affiliations are with Racine Lodge Number 18, F. & A. M. 
and the Milwaukee Consistory and for many years he has been a mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 32, 'Knights of Pythias. 

Gullick N. Risjord. As an example of what a man coming into 
this country as a foreigner and stranger can accomplish if he has cour- 
age and the willingness to work, the life of Gullick N. Risjord, of Ash- 
land, Wisconsin, may give encouragement to others. He is one of the 
best lawyers in this section of the state and has recently been elected 
district judge, an office which he won through sheer weight of intellect 
and ability. Possessed, as are so many of his countrymen, of a cool 
head and keen logic that is capable of reaching the true inwardness of 
a question his success as a lawyer has been undisputed from the very 
beginning. 

Gullick N. Risjord was born in Norway on the 4th of December, 
1866. His parents were Nels and Sonnef (Pollag) Risjord, both of 
whom are now dead. Five children were born to Nels Risjord and his 
wife, all of whom are alive, and of these children, Gullick Risjord was 
the next to the eldest. He attended school in Norway until he was 
eighteen years of age at which time he came to the United States and 







Cd&tt. & 




£sl>^( 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1353 

coming to live in Dane county, Wisconsin, continued to go to the com- 
mon schools there. Then thinking that he might go into business he 
attended the Northwestern Business College at Madison for a time and 
was also a student in the high school at Blackearth, Wisconsin. Being 
prepared for entrance to the University, he now matriculated at the 
University of Wisconsin, from which he was graduated with the class 
of 1897, having taken the literary course. He then entered tin- law- 
department of the University of Minnesota and was graduated from 
the department in 1900. He was older than the average student and 
the acquisition of knowledge came harder to him but nothing could 
discourage him. He was determined that he would have an educa- 
tion and that he would accomplish whatever he set out to do, and his 
success has been due in no small measure to this characteristic in him, 
that will not admit defeat. He located in Ashland. Wisconsin, as soon 
as he was admitted to the bar, and was there successfully engaged in 
general practice until his election as district judge in the spring of 
1911, taking his seat on the bench on the 1st of January. 1912. 

Judge Risjord is a member of the Republican party and is a staunch 
party worker. He belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and is also a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

The judge was married on the 2nd of June, 1904, to Josephine 
Quammen, who was born in Madison, Wisconsin. Two children have 
been born to the judge and his wife, Norman and Isabella by name. 

Bartholomew C. Thronson. For a period of nearly forty years .Mr. 
Thronson has been engaged in the furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness at Racine, being now- one of the oldest, as well as one of the most 
prosperous business men of this city. His own establishment is the 
oldest concern of the kind in the city, and has been built up largely 
through his own ability as a business man. 

Bartholomew C. Thronson is a native of Norway, born in Porsgrund, 
on July 3, 1860. His parents were Charles and Kersten Thronson 
who were both natives of Norway, and subsequently immigrated to 
America and became thrifty and sturdy settlers of Wisconsin. Charles 
Thronson, the father, Avas by occupation a sailor, and for a number 
of years was captain of an ocean going vessel. About 1867, he estab- 
lished his home at Racine, where he was engaged in the painters trade, 
until two years before his death, which occurred February 20. 1904, 
when he was eighty-two years of age. He was survived by his widow, 
who also attained to advanced years. The family were members of 
the Methodist church. The children were seven in number, ami the 
five who attained to adult age, are as follows: Louis, of Burlington, 
Iowa, Christian and Bartholomew C. of Racine: Dietrich o\' Dixon, 
Illinois, and Caroline, wife of C. Johnson of Racine. 

Coming to Racine when he was seven years of .ut. Bartholomew C. 



1354 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Thronson grew up in this city, and attained most of his education in 
the public schools. "When he was a boy he began clerking in a furni- 
ture store, and it was through this avenue of experience and efforts 
that he finally became independently established in business. His 
career in connection with the business may be said to have begun in 
1875, in which year, he first became connected with his present line 
of business. Mr. Thronson is a graduate of the Cincinnati School of 
Embalming, in 1883, and has taken other courses to prepare himself 
for his profession. The business which he finally organized was known 
as the Thronson-Hansen Furniture Co., of which Mr. Thronson was 
president and manager until 1903, at which date he purchased the 
entire establishment. He had one of the finest stores of the kind in 
southern Wisconsin, and it so continued until it was burned in 1910. 
Since which time he has given all of his time to undertaking, having 
the most complete establishment of its kind in Wisconsin. Mr. Thron- 
son is a member of the Wisconsin State Undertakers Association, and 
of the Wisconsin Furniture Association, and of the Racine Retail Mer- 
chants' Association. On September 29, 1881, Mr. Thronson married 
Miss Ellen Gunderson, a daughter of Gouty and Betsy Gunderson. 
They are the parents of four children: Edna J., Clarence J., Florence 
and Arthur, the last two of whom passed away while children. Mr. 
Thronson is especially prominent in Masonic Orders. He has attained 
32 degrees in Masonic rites, and is affiliated with the Consistory of 
Milwaukee, and is a member of Racine Lodge, No. 18, A. F. & A. M. ; 
Racine Commandery No. 7, K. T., and Tripoli Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine. His other fraternal affiliations are with Racine Lodge, No. 32 
Knights of Pythias ; Racine Lodge of Odd Fellows ; the Fraternal Aid 
Association of Racine, and the Royal League. In politics he is a 
Republican. Mr. Thronson 's residence is at 1428 College Avenue, a 
beautiful and attractive home, which was built by him in 1892. 

Lucien S. Hanks. The banking interests of a community are neces- 
sarily among the most important, for financial stability must be the 
foundation stone upon which all great enterprises are erected. The 
men who control and conserve the money of corporation or country 
must possess many qualities not requisite in the ordinary citizen and 
among these, high commercial integrity, exceptional financial ability, 
poise, judgment and foresight may be mentioned. Public confidence 
must be with them, and this fact has been again and again demon- 
strated in the United States, when panics that even threatened the 
stability of the Government have been averted by the wisdom, sagacity 
and foresight of the men whose whole training has been along the line of 
finance. A citizen who has been prominently connected with the bank- 
ing interests of Madison for many years and who has done much in the 
effective upbuilding and improvement of the city along various addi- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1355 

tional lines, is Lucien S. Hanks, president of the State Bank of Madison. 
Mr. Hanks was born in Hartford, Connecticut, May 8, 1838, and is a 
son of Lucien B. and Mary D. (Dexter) Hanks, natives of Connecticut, 
the former of whom died in 1890, at the age of eighty-two years, and the 
latter in 1845. 

Lucien S. Hanks received his education in the common and high 
schools of Hartford, Connecticut, and the Mount Washington Collegiate 
Institution, in New York State. He came to Madison, Wisconsin, in 
1860, accepting the position of teller in the State Bank, of which lie was 
made cashier in 1861, appointed vice-president in 1896, and subse- 
quently elected president of this institution, and still holds the office of 
president. Through his eminent abilities he has augmented its useful- 
ness and is active in management of its affairs and has been of great 
advantage to the institution. It is not alone in the field of finance, how- 
ever, that Mr. Hanks has been prominently before the public, for he has 
given of his best energies in public service, and the cause of education 
and good citizenship. For something more than ten years he was a 
regent of the University of Wisconsin, resigning only when he fell he 
had done his full duty in that capacity, and at this time is treasurer and 
one of the trustees of the Woodman Astronomical Library Funds, 
treasurer and a member of the board of trustees of the Wisconsin S1 
Historical Society, and was vice-president of the board of commission- 
ers for the construction of the State Historical Library buildings, lb- 
was a charter member of Madison Park and Pleasure Drive Associa- 
tion, and from the first has been one of its most liberal supporters. In 
every enterprise having the object of advancing the city's interests 
as its goal, Mr. Hanks takes a foremost part, while his private benevo- 
lences are large and the extent of his philanthropic work is known only 
to himself. Mr. Hanks has supported Republican principles, but has 
never been a politician, nor has he sought public preferment. II ■ resides 
in a handsome home at No. 216 Langdon street. 

In 1867 Mr. Hanks was united in marriage with Miss Sybil Perkins, 
and they have had three sons: Lucien M.. Stanley ('.. and Marshall. 

Colonel Horace Martin Seaman was born in Milwaukee on the 
first day of October, 1864, ant is a son of Galen Benjamin Seaman and 
Harriet Caroline (Martin) Seaman. His Father was for many years 
one of the representative members of the Milwaukee bar and resided 
in that city until a few years ago, when he removed to Daytona, Fla. 
His mother, a daughter of Stoddard II. Martin one of Milwaukee's first 
settlers, died in 1880. After completing the curriculum of the high 
school he was employed from 18S2 until 1885 in the offices of the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad, after which he served as local 
office manager for the Washington Life Insurance Company until March. 
1887, when he identified himself with the Seaman Abstract Company, of 



1356 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

which his father was president. He was admitted to the bar in April 
1893 and holds the degree of Bachelor of Laws from Marquette Univers- 
ity. He continued with the Seaman Abstract Company in an executive 
and advisory capacity until May 1, 1902, when he became secretary of 
The Milwaukee Title Company and continued in tenure of this position 
until August, 1903. On October 1, 1903, he effected the organization of 
the Security Abstract and Title Company of which he became President 
and Counsel and still holds said offices. 

On May 3, 1886, Col. Seaman enlisted as a private in Co. "A," 4th 
Infantry, Wisconsin National Guard, in which capacity he served dur- 
ing the labor riots at Bay View, in the same year. He passed in suc- 
cession through the grades of corporal, captain, major and lieutenant 
colonel and in October, 1897, he was commissioned colonel of the 
regiment. 

During the woodworkers' strike in the City of Oshkosh, in June, 1898, 
Col. Seaman had command of the state troops at that point. He was 
mustered out of the state service on July 11, 1898, and on the 15th of 
the same month was mustered into the United States service as colonel 
of the Fourth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, enlisted for service in the 
Spanish-American war. 

During the Spanish-American War he was with his regiment first at 
Camp Douglas and later at Camp Shipp, Anniston, Alabama, where his 
regiment was assigned successively to the 3rd, 4th and 2nd Army 
Corps, with which he continued until mustered out of the U. S. serv- 
ice at Anniston February 28, 1899. 

On April 6, 1911, he was commissioned Colonel and Aide de camp 
on the staff of Hon. Francis E. McGovern, Governor of Wisconsin which 
position he now holds. Colonel Seaman is a member of the Wisconsin 
Commandery of the Military Order of Foreign Wars of the U. S., in 
which he served two terms as commander and of which he is now secre- 
tary; he is also a member of the Military Service Institution of the 
U. S., and in 1912 was President of the Wisconsin Society and of Sons of 
the American Revolution of which he had previously been secretary and 
a member of the board of managers. 

In the time honored Masonic fraternity his affiliations are as here 
noted: La Fayette Lodge, No. 265, Free and Accepted Masons; Calu- 
met Chapter, No. 97, Royal Arch Masons; Wisconsin Commandery 
No. 1, Knights Templar; Wisconsin Consistory, S. P. R. S., of the 
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite ; and Tripoli Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

At St. Paul's Church, on the 3rd of May, 1893, was solemnized the 
marriage of Colonel Seaman to Miss Mary Alice Mooers, of this city. 

John C. Dick. The rectitude, the optimism and the large and 
definite achievement of the late John C. Dick gave him a place of promi- 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1357 

neiiee and influence in connection with the productive activities of life 
and made him worthy of the unqualified confidence and esteem reposed 
in him by his fellow men. He played a large and benignant part in 
connection with the civic and material progress of Milwaukee, in which 
city he maintained his home for more than sixty years and in which he- 
was summoned to the life eternal on the 19th of December, 1910, at 
the patriarchal age of eighty-seven years, and known and honored as 
one of the sterling pioneers of the Wisconsin metropolis. His char- 
acter was the positive expression of a strong and noble nature and the 
story of his long and useful career offers both lesson and incentive. < toe 
of the representative citizens of Milwaukee from his ambitious young 
manhood till the time of his death, he left a definite impress upon its 
history, and it is in justice due that this publication give place to a 
tribute to his memory. 

Born and reared in the kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, and repre- 
senting in his character the best of the traditions of his fatherland, he 
was one of those broadminded, self-reliant and ambitious young Ger- 
mans who assimilated rapidly and effectively into the citizenship of 
our great American republic, to which his loyalty was of the most 
intense type and in which he became an honored and valued citizen. 
Mr. Dick was a vigorous young man of twenty-three years at flu- time 
when he severed the ties that bound him to home and native land, to Bet 
forth for the United States, which about that time was gaining a large 
and sterling element of immigration from Germany. He landed in the 
port of New York city in August, 1846, and remained in the national 
metropolis about nine months, at the expiration of which he came to 
Wisconsin, where many of his fellow countrymen had established homes. 
He arrived in Milwaukee on the 13th of May, 1847. and this city con- 
tinued to be his place of residence thereafter until he was summoned 
from the stage of life's mortal endeavors, in flu- fulness of years and 
well earned honors. Soon after his arrival in Wisconsin Mr. Dick, 
assumed a position as clerk for the pioneer firm of Jennings & Corn- 
stock, the principals in which were Robert D. Jennings and Cicero and 
Leander Comstock. He remained with this firm for a period of five 
years, as a trusted and valued employe. A man of marked initiative 
and executive ability and of great circumspection, he could not Long 
remain in a subordinate position, and early in his career in Milwaukee 
he became prominently identified with the insurance business, as a 
stockholder in the Milwaukee Mechanics' Insurance Company among 
the first established in his home city. With this corporation he became 
associated soon after its organization, in October, 1856, at which time it 
was a small company operating on a modest scale under the mutual 
form. On the 5th of October, 1857, he became a director o( the com- 
pany, and of this position he continued the incumbent for more 
than half a century, during which he was actively concerned in 



1358 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

directing the policies and general affairs of the company, there- 
by contributing in large measure to the upbuilding of its extensive 
and substantial business. He resigned from the directorate in 1909, 
only a short time before the close of his life. He was vice-president of 
the company for several years and from 1860 to 1871 was its general 
agent, a position which he had previously held for a time shortly after 
identifying himself with the corporation. He also served with marked 
discrimination as a member of its executive board and he continued 
one of the most active and honored factors in the affairs of the same 
after its reorganization as a stock company, in 1884. 

Mr. Dick was one of the organizers of the Milwaukee Fire Insur- 
ance Company and early became a member of its board of directors, a 
position of which he was in tenure at the time of his death, besides 
which he served for varying intervals as vice-president of the company. 
At the time of his demise Mr. Dick held the distinction of being the 
oldest notary public and also the oldest insurance agent in the matter 
of continuous service in the entire state. He received his original com- 
mission as notary public from Governor William A. Barstow, under 
date of January 3, 1856, and thereafter he was reappointed to this office 
by each successive governor of the state until the close of his life. 

Mr. Dick placed high estimate upon the duties and privileges of 
citizenship and manifested this in loyalty and earnest stewardship. His 
political convictions were well fortified and led him to accord unequivocal 
allegiance to the Democratic party, of which he was a prominent repre- 
sentative in Milwaukee for many years. In 1856-7 he was alderman 
from the Second ward, and in 1878 he represented his district in the 
assembly, or lower house, of the state legislature. He was a stalwart in 
the ranks of the Democratic party and as a man of clear and compre- 
hensive vision he was well informed in connection with matters of gov- 
ernmental and economic policy. He took the deepest interest in all 
that concerned the well being of his home city, was liberal in his sup- 
port of measures and enterprises projected for the general good of the 
community, and, as a pioneer of the state, he was familiar with its his- 
tory. It may be noted that he was one of the pallbearers at the funeral 
of Solomon Juneau, the first settler of Milwaukee. 

Within the sixty-three years of his continuous residence in Mil- 
waukee Mr. Dick occupied only three houses, and for forty-six years 
he occupied the spacious and attractive old homestead which he erected 
at 279 Eighth street. In this home, long known as a center of most 
gracious hospitality he continued to reside until his death. Six of his 
grandsons officiated as the pallbearers at his funeral, and his remains 
were laid to rest in beautiful Forest Home cemetery. He was identified 
with various social organizations of representative order, including the 
leading German societies in his home city. 

Reverting to the scenes and conditions of tbe early life of Mr. Dick, 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1359 

it may be stated that he was born in Bavaria on the 12th of January. 
1824, and that he was a son of Andrew and Wilhelinina Dick, both of 
whom passed their entire lives in their native land. 

On the 12th of January, 1853, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Dick to Miss Marguerita Salfner, who survives him, who celebrated her 
eighty-second birthday anniversary in September, 1912. Her gentle 
personality and unfailing kindness have gained and retained to her the 
affectionate regard of all who knew her. Also surviving him are eleven 
of their thirteen children, namely: Mrs. Louis D. Biersach, Mrs. Joseph 
Clauder, Mrs. Oscar A. Kropf, Mrs. Albert Hantzen, and Adolph C, 
Edward C, Christian H., William G., Paul F., Gustave A., and Louis. 

Edwin F. Carpenter. Since 1871 a member of the Wisconsin bar, 
Mr. Carpenter is one of the oldest practicing lawyers of Rock county 
and the city of Janesville. He has been a resident of the state for more 
than fifty years, having come here alone when a young man, and having 
been educated chiefly in the Wisconsin schools. He has enjoyed many 
distinctions during his long practice, has served the public efficiently, 
and is one of the honored men of Janesville. 

Edwin F. Carpenter was born in the state of Vermont at Moretown, 
in Washington county, May 12, 1845. He is the only survivor of ten 
children born to Ira and Rhoda (Spofford) Carpenter. He was about 
seventeen years old when he came out to Wisconsin, alone, and entered 
upon his career without special influence or aid outside of his individual 
ability. 

In his native state he had received a common school education, and on 
reaching Wisconsin entered the Beloit Academy. After the academic 
course he took the classical course in the Beloit college, he was graduated 
in the class of 1870. In 1871, following a course of law reading, he was 
admitted to the bar, and earned his first fees as a lawyer in independent 
practice. In 1873 he became an associate in practice of J. B. Cassoday, 
one of the eminent members of the older Wisconsin bar. This partner- 
ship continued until Mr. Cassoday "was elevated to the supreme bench 
of the state, the firm being known as Cassoday & Carpenter. The 
latter *s next association was with S. J. Todd, under the name of Todd 
& Carpenter. After the dissolution of their partnership he was an 
associate with Mr. E. D. McGowen under the name o\' Carpenter & 
McGowen, a relationship which continued until 1884. Subsequently 
Mr. Carpenter was in practice by himself, and his name has been asso- 
ciated with a great mass of important litigations in the Rock county 
bar and also in the higher courts. The firm name at this time is Car- 
penter & Carpenter. 

For two terms Mr. Carpenter served as city attorney of Janesville. 
He is circuit court commissioner of Rock county, for more than nine- 
teen years. In politics he has been a staunch Republican since the 



1360 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

sixties. Mr. Carpenter married in Janesville, Miss Emma A. Tappin, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Jane Tappin. The two children born to 
their marriage are as follows: Edwin Tappin, born September 2, 1875, 
and Henry F., born October 11, 1879. Henry is a graduate of the high 
school at Janesville, of the State University of Wisconsin and of the 
Law School of Wisconsin. 

Christian Wahl. A noble, earnest, philanthropic citizen was the 
honored Wisconsin pioneer to w T hom this brief memoir is dedicated. 
He came with his parents to this state when he was a young man and 
here the family home was established prior to the admission of Wis- 
consin to the Union. He was a fine representative of that sturdy and 
sterling German element which has played a most important part in 
the development and upbuilding of this favored commonwealth and 
while he was ever appreciative of the traditions, achievements and 
history of his German fatherland, he was intensely loyal to America 
and to the nation's institutions, with a patriotism unexcelled by that 
of any person of native birth. The life of Christian Wahl was an 
eventful one, marked by many adventures and manifold experiences 
in his earlier years, and by large and worthy achievements during 
later years of close and influential associations with business activities. 
Though he lived for a term of years in Chicago, where he had business 
interests, he ever looked upon Milwaukee as his home, and here he 
resided for many years prior to his death, revered and loved by all 
who knew him with aught of intimacy and honored as one of the repre- 
sentative pioneer citizens, as well as one of the most generous and 
public spirited of the Wisconsin metropolis. He was seventy-two 
years of age at the time of his death, which occurred in Milwaukee, 
on the nineteenth of October, 1901. His exalted character and worthy 
services render most consonant the tribute that it is possible to pay to 
his memory in this history of the state that was long his home and the 
center of his interests. 

Christian Wahl was born at Pirmasenz, a town on the Vosges river, 
in Rhenish Bavaria, Germany, on the 12th of February, 1829, and was 
a son of Christian and Elizabeth Wahl, who were numbered among 
the pioneers of Milwaukee county, Wisconsin, where they continued 
to reside until their death. In his native land the subject of this 
memoir was afforded most liberal educational advantages, which were 
supplemented by a two years' course of study in the city of Paris. 

In 1846, when seventeen years of age, Mr. Wahl accompanied his 
parents on their immigration to the United States and they arrived in 
Milwaukee in May of that year. The family settled on a farm in the 
township of Lake, Milwaukee county, and there endured the full ten- 
sion of life on the virtual frontier, as Wisconsin was not admitted to 
statehood until two years after the arrival of the Wahl family within 




etCuta*/ '/Tit/£ 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 136] 

its borders and Milwaukee was still but an embryonic city. Young 
Christian Wahl, with characteristic energy and buoyancy of spirit, 
did not flinch in the least from the arduous toil and endeavor inci- 
dental to the development of the pioneer farm, and in later years he 
often reverted with words of deep appreciation to the conditions and 
experiences of this period of his life. Frequently he and his father 
found relaxation and diversion by walking from the home farm to 
Milwaukee, five miles distant, for the purpose of attending the musical 
gatherings through the medium of which was eventually evolved the 
Milwaukee Musical Society of the present day. 

The radical change that has been made by Mr. Wahl in leaving the 
older civilization of his native land and forthwith becoming identified 
with pioneer life in America doubtless quickened his spirit of adven- 
ture, which found definite exemplification at the time the gold excite- 
ment was still at its height in California. He was one of the hardy 
and valiant young men who made the long weary journey across the 
plains to the New Eldorado, in 1851, and he had his due quota of 
experience in the quest for gold in the camps of the frontier. Remain- 
ing in California but a short time, he set forth for Australia, and, his 
financial resources being limited, he worked his passage on a \. 
which finally landed at Sydney. Then he set sail for Melbourne, on 
the ship "Baltimore," which was wrecked off Cape Howe, the extreme 
northeast point of Australia, when it encountered a terrific storm. All 
on board escaped in small boats, and after remaining for some time in 
Melbourne, Mr. Wahl took passage for South America. He landed at 
Callao, Peru, and thence proceeded to the headwaters of the Amazon 
River, still in quest of the elusive gold. His success was of definitely 
negative order and he gradually made his Avay back to New York 
City, from which point he soon afterward returned to Milwaukee. 
A short time thereafter he went to Chicago, where he became associated 
with his brother Louis in the manufacturing of glue, and where they 
built up a large and prosperous industry in this line. During the time 
of the Franco-Prussian war, Mr. Wahl served as United States vice 
consul in Berlin, Germany. While a resident of Chicago he served 
several terms as a member of the city council and he was also a valued 
member of its board of education. He was a representative business 
man and honored and influential citizen of Chicago during the years 
of his active business career in the western metropolis, and after dis 
posing of his business to the late Philip D. Armour he returned to Mil- 
waukee, which city he had ever looked upon as his real home and t«> 
whose every interest he was significantly loyal. Through his well 
ordered endeavors he had accumulated a substantial fortune, and he 
made judicious investments in capitalistic interests. During his long 
period of residence in this city he was called upon to serve in various 
positions of honor and trust, including that of member of the board 



1362 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

of trustees of the Milwaukee county insane asylum. His most en- 
thusiastic, liberal and constructive service was in connection with the 
development of the park system of the city, as president of the board 
of park commissioners, and relative to his efforts in this line more 
specific mention will be made in later paragraphs. Mr. Wahl was a 
man of fine mind, large heart, and high ideals. Himself gifted with 
an unusually fine tenor voice and a talented singer, he was a connois- 
seur in music and a critical authority in judging the interpretations 
of its highest form. His delightful home on Prospect Avenue, with 
his devoted wife as its gracious chatelaine, was known for its gener- 
ous and refined hospitality and was long a favored rendezvous for 
the music-loving people of the city. Mr. Wahl manifested the deepest 
interest in all pertaining to music and art, and was one of the most 
liberal patrons of the same in Milwaukee, where he served at one time 
as president of the Arion Club, a representative musical organization. 
He was genial, considerate and kindly, was generous and charitable, 
and ever ready to aid those in affliction or distress. He was one of the 
originators of the annual charity balls in Milwaukee, through the 
medium of which from two to three thousand dollars are turned over 
to the cause of charity each year. He was always zealous in the for- 
warding of movements for the civic and material advancement of his 
home city, especially in the matter of making it a sanitary, healthful 
and attractive place of residence. While president of the board of 
park commissioners he practically superintended the details of con- 
struction and beautifying of the city parks, and his deep personal 
interest gained to him the consistent designation of "father of parks." 
It is said that he felt deeply the deplorable conditions of municipal 
government which brought about his retirement from the board of 
park commissioners several years prior to his death. But for his gen- 
erous contribution of time, talents and experience has not been denied 
a due popular tribute of affection and honor. He was a useful, earnest 
and noble citizen who for many years gave freely of his time and 
wealth for the betterment of Milwaukee, especially in the providing 
of pleasure resorts for the poor and the best of musical entertain- 
ments for the cultured and appreciative citizens. He enjoyed the 
close friendship of a large number of the leading citizens of Milwau- 
kee, and in fact it may - consistently be said that his circle of friends 
was limited only by that of his acquaintances. He was a Republican 
in his political allegiance. The following quotation, from a Milwau- 
kee daily paper, is self-explanatory, and is well worthy of perpetua- 
tion in this more enduring vehicle : 

"On July 11, 1903, at Lake Park, in the presence of a vast num- 
ber of people, the bust of Christian Wahl, 'Father of the Parks' was 
unveiled by his grandson Cyril Gordon Weld, and was formally turned 
over to the city. Lake Park was Christian Wahl's pride and glory; 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1363 

it was there he labored early and late, in season and out of season, 
to make it a model. The pavilion also was dedicated and formally 
opened to the public at the same time. It stands upon the bank that 
leads down to the shore of the lake, and from it may be had a magniti- 
cient view of the bay. The site was the one chosen by Mr. Wahl. 
The building is classic in style of architecture, one hundred and forty- 
five feet long by forty-five feet wide, and one story in height, with 
basement on the lake side. Extending out from the main building 
at the north and south ends are porticos, twenty-five by twenty- 
five feet, the roof being supported by Ionic columns. Tins.' por- 
ticos, with the main building form a court, in the center of which 
is the bronze bust of Christian Wahl, mounted on a granite block 
about eight feet high. It is an excellent reproduction of the face 
and features of the kindly old gentleman, as he is remembered by 
those who were wont to see him, day after day, making his way to 
Lake Park, where lie spent a large portion of his time, giving per- 
sonal superintendence to the work that was being earned forward. 
Some idea of what he accomplished may be judged from the fact 
that it was just twelve years from this time (July, 1903,) that Hon. 
George W. Peck, then mayor of Milwaukee and later governor of the 
state, signed the order which enabled the park commissioners to make 
the first payment on 'Luedemann's on the Lake," then a beer-garden, 
and farm, take possession and begin the work of transformation. 
The inscription on the face of the granite pedestal is as follows: 'In 
memory of Christian Wahl, born February 12, 1829; died October 19, 
1901.' On the reverse side of the pedestal is this inscription: lb- 
gave his ripest years and study to the parks. Rewarded alone by 
grateful remembrances. ' 

"Judge George H. Noyes made the presentation speech, the bust 
remaining with the American flag. As Judge Noyes ceased speaking 
Clauder's Military Band struck up 'The Star Spangled Banner,' 
while Cyril Gordon Weld, the grandson of Mr. Wahl. cut the cord 
that held the national colors about the bust, and the flag fell, dis- 
closing the features of Christian Wahl. Immediately there was a 
mighty cheer. The late President David Erdman of the park board 
received the bust in behalf of himself and his associates. On this 
occasion the widow of Mr. Wahl also presented to the park board, 
through its president, a collection of large palm trees which Mr. Wahl 
had assembled at great expense, and which had for a long period 
been in the conservatory at Mitchell Park. This ended the cere- 
monies attending the unveiling of the bust o\' Christian Wahl. and the 
formal opening of the Pavilion." More than one hundred of Mil- 
waukee's representative people contributed to the fund by which this 
worthy memorial was procured for the park in which Mr. Wahl had 
taken so deep an interest, and the bust and its inscription constitute 



1364 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

an enduring tribute to an honored citizen. The street leading from 
the southeast into Lake Park, spanning the ravines with the beautiful 
"lion bridges" was named Wahl Avenue during his life time. 

As a young man Mr. Wahl was united in marriage to Miss Antonie 
Guenther, daughter of Dr. Johann George Guenther, who was a mem- 
ber of the first German Reichstag after the Revolution of 1848, and 
became an exile. She was also a niece of the brilliant but ill-fated 
revolutionist of 1848, Robert Blum, who was one of the leaders that 
was shot. Mrs. W T ahl survived her husband by about eight years. 
Three daughters blessed their union. The first, Agnes Elizabeth, is 
the wife of L. W. Nieman, editor Of the Milwaukee Journal, and the 
subject of individual mention on other pages of this work. The 
others are Mrs. Hedwig Wahl Weld, and Miss Use Guenther Wahl. 
While they were born in this country, all three were educated abroad. 
As a fitting close to this memoir is entered the following appreciative 
tribute which appeared in a local paper at the time of the demise of 
Mrs. Wahl: 

"Mrs. Antonie Wahl, widow of Christian Wahl, died at her home 
in this city December 3, 1909, and her death is mourned by a large 
circle of friends. It is given to few persons to have so sweet a char- 
acter as that of Mrs. Wahl. Gentle, considerate and patient under 
all circumstances, she won the affection of all who came within the 
compass of her gracious influence. Her charity was widespread, and 
she was tireless in her efforts to make life pleasant for others." 

L. W. Nieman. To analyze another man's character and measure 
his success is as hopeless an undertaking as to attempt to describe his 
motives, and almost as likely to be unjust. No two human beings are 
exactly alike, or think by exactly the same rules, however close their 
communion or intimate their fellowship. No two men have just the 
same ideal of success, and no two men see identically the same 
phantoms, when they shrink at the thought of failure. In a biographi- 
cal sketch of a conspicuously successful man, there are, therefore, 
many limitations imposed upon the writer that it is well for the 
reader to bear in mind. 

As the late Lute A. Taylor used to say, with his inimitable and 
gratuitous stammer.- — "We're n-none of us per-perfect, " and Lucius 
W. Nieman, the controlling spirit of the Milwaukee Journal, editorially 
and financially is one of the last men to enjoy "guff" much less to 
run after honors, whether deserved or not. 

Mr. Nieman is one of the rare newspaper men who were born, not 
made. Beginning as a "devil" at thirteen, he was soon at the case, 
in the office of the Waukesha Freeman. Then "doing" Waukesha 
correspondence for the Milwaukee Sentinel, he at once attracted atten- 
tion and was sent to Madison by that paper to report a legislature, 




A^^^L-^^— 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1365 

and at twenty-one, in but six years, he had risen from the most humble 
in a country printing office, to the position of managing editor of the 
leading Wisconsin newspaper of the time. 

When the Sentinel, a little later, passed into the hands of the late 
Horace Rublee, Mr. Nieman had made so much of a reputation that 
several tempting offers came to him from other large cities, and for 
a short time he became connected with the St. Paul Dispatch . II»- was 
strongly urged, by Governor Marshall to remain, backed by an out- 
right offer of a one-third interest in the paper, a very tempting offer 
and an undoubted opportunity. But his ability chafed under limita- 
tions, so he came back to Milwaukee, and put all his small fortune into 
a little, hopeless looking daily paper, that Michael Kraus and some 
other Germans had attempted to launch in a newspaper field then 
dominated completely by the other two English dalies. 

There was a season when he had to tighten his belt between scanty 
"eats" at the "Quiet House" Henry Wehr's, and other less known 
lunch counters of those days. His one editorial assistant was the late 
"Bob" Howard, and they often slept in the little office in the Herold 
Building, where they worked. Work was about all either knew, for a 
while, day or night. Things were moving rather slowly until the fate- 
ful Newhall House fire gave opportunity to show the town a real hus- 
tling newspaper. That event was so conspicuously well handled and 
treated with such independence editorially that Tin Journal at once 
stepped into a place of its own as a newspaper of enterprise and char- 
acter. But even then progress was slow, for the town was slow. Xo 
daily newspaper in the city had any circulation as we now know the 
word, and if one of The Journal's fast presses should he started up. 
today, it would run off more papers before it could be stopped than 
all the daily newspaper circulation of that day put together. 

Barrie's play, "What Every Woman Knows.'" has a heroine of 
whom her bachelor brother says: •"She lias that damned thing, 
charm." What has been said indicates that we are trying to convey 
some adequately accurate idea of a man who has a personality o\' eon- 
trolling power. Such a personality as Mr. Nieman 's is not dominated 
by a sordid success. It requires imagination to conceive of newspaper 
opportunities and possibilities that have no present, existing counter- 
part, and then too, it requires a capacity, and force, and an ability for 
persistent labor, that is a near neighbor of genius, to forge such dreams 
into realities. 

This was the sort of a young man who dared to put aside tempting 
offers of large salaries, when he really needed the money, stake his 
last dollar on his own judgment, and venture not only that but the 
humiliation of what nine men out of ten thought certain failure He 
knew, even with his short experience, that he could ^o things that had 
never been done before, and that is the measure of his career. Opportil- 



1366 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

nity seems graciously to open its door, as an onlooker watches such, 
progress, but deep down inside, all know how laggard it is and how 
creakingly it will act before any but a dominating personality. "Luck" 
follows such a man because he is its master. Mr. Nieman's birthday is 
the thirteenth day of the month, which is another evidence that he is 
not subject to the every day rules of superstitious and vagrant chance. 

The Journal began its career as an independent, politically, but 
lured by the sturdy low tariff policy of President Cleveland and at- 
tracted by the high character and political purposes of the young men, 
throughout the country, who nocked to Mr. Cleveland's support, The 
Journal became a staunch helpmate of the Democratic national admin- 
istration, and a leader in the political change which swept over Wis- 
consin in the early nineties, a change which was a more complete over- 
throw of the Republican party than occurred in any other state that 
had hitherto been Republican, and accomplished a practically clean 
sweep of state and federal officials. 

It was the pride of the young men who were active in this achieve- 
ment that they did worthy things in a becoming way, and The Journal 
had full share in the character as well as the measure of this political 
transformation. 

In dealing with the Bennett Law. where there was room for grave 
political as well as social errors, by making an appeal to religious and 
race prejudices, The Journal was most efficient in leading the fight for 
the Democrats upon the broadest grounds of political, religious and per- 
sonal freedom of thought and action. It was especially entitled to credit 
for creating an issue against a then moss-grown, but most debauching 
custom of allowing state treasurers to pocket the interest on state 
fluids, with the result that the Democrats broke up the custom, and 
in the courts, secured judgments for the restitution of nearly three- 
quarters of a million of dollars to the state treasury. 

Probably the most patriotic and useful effort of Mr. Nieman and 
his newspaper, was their course, in 1896, when they espoused the hope- 
less cause of the Gold Democrats and threw all the weight of The 
Journal's large influence, at home and outside the state, to defeat the 
free silver heresy, with a result, in the credit of which they justly 
shared, that Wisconsin's majority against Bryan was the largest in 
proportion to total vote in any state west of the Connecticut River. 
The Journal and the Louisville Courier-Journal both suffered, seri- 
ously financially, for their courageous adherence to principle. 

But Mr. Nieman saw in a very discouraging situation, a new and 
broader opportunity for The Journal, which was immediately em- 
braced, and pinning faith to ideals rather than parties, to humanity 
rather than politics, The Journal took a new lease of life, and went 
forward with new energy, ever increasing influence and marvelous 
success. 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 1367 

During the Spanish-American War came the psychological moment 
for The Journal to become a one cent paper, its circulation at • 
began to mount, until, within the current year, it has touched 90,000. 

Such an achievement within thirty years, needs no eulogist. It is 
neither a basis for false pride, nor a freak of momentary Legerdemain. 
It is, at bottom, on sound bed-rock, the expression of an intensely 
earnest man, one who has, in a remarkable degree, thai prescience 
and intuition as to public feeling, and the conscience of the mas 
that some one has aptly called a "sixth sense." 

In the merely mechanical field of his life work he has had a regard 
for details and a keen discrimination as to values, that have saved 
The Journal's force much that elsewhere is lost motion and waste, 
Mr. Nieman and The Journal are not susceptible of separate ana 1 
He is The Journal, and The Journal is the expression of his personality. 
It represents him in its every lineament. 

Notwithstanding his unusual success in his unquestionable lead- 
ership, as the head of the greatest newspaper in Wisconsin. Mr. Nie- 
man is not only a modest but a retiring man. He has never sought, 
but has rather shrunk from the limelight, personally. He has no use 
for "fireworks," any more than he has for useless or ineffective news- 
paper methods. 

In his office, his employes know him. He takes advice with the 
shrewdness of a master, whenever it is good. He gives it with the per- 
sonal friendliness of a man who appreciates that a subordinate who 
says "We" do things on The Journal, is worth much for which money 
cannot pay. He encourages subordinates to improve their opportu- 
nities by letting them travel at the paper's expense whenever they 
think they can learn a better way to do anything. He is. as he al- 
ways puts it — "a believer in the kids," and he gives them every oppor- 
tunity to develop. 

Mr. Nieman is a hard master only as he sets a strenuous example. 
At his desk, oftentimes as early as 7 A. M., things hum all around 
him. Capable of concentration and mental agility beyond most men. 
people who serve him must be clear headed, exact and efficient 
After working at a four-cylindered engine's gait for five or six hour-. 
he eats a bite at his desk, and by 2 o'clock is off for the golf links. 
where he plays just as hard until dinner time, as he worked in the 
morning. He has always been interested in outdoor sports, and 
beginning on the baseball field as a youngster, he has always been in 
the first-class, whether it was base ball, tennis or golf. The result is 
that today he is a hale, hearty middle aged man. with a clear eye and 
a brawny arm, and a color that would put a hand in the harvest field 
on his mettle. 

His home life has large place in his existence. He married Novem- 
ber 28, 1900, Agnes Elizabeth Guenther Wahl. daughter of the late 



1368 HISTORY OF WISCONSIN 

Christian Wahl, one of Milwaukee's most public spirited citizens, who 
as a result of his efforts to serve the public, personally as well as offi- 
cially, became known as the "father of Milwaukee's public park sys- 
tem." The married life of Mr. and Mrs. Nieman exemplifies the 
camaraderie and mutual interest that befits a genuine and happy 
household. Mrs. Nieman is his best friend and his almost constant 
companion, as well as his devoted wife. 

Back of this career of serious life and large accomplishment is a 
beginning not all promising of future success. His father dying when 
he was but two years old, Mr. Nieman was reared at Muckwonago, 
Waukesha county, by his grandfather and grandmother Delamatter. 
The grandfather, H. H. Delamatter, was of French descent, the name 
having been corrupted from De la Matyr. His grandmother, whose 
maiden name was Susan Cuppernall, was from New England stock, 
a native of Oneida county, New York, and both were pioneers in 
Muckwonago. Of this grandmother Mr. Nieman has often been heard 
by his friends to say: "If there is any good in me I owe it to her." 
Everybody who knew her speaks with kindness and great respect, 
both of her ability and fine character. 

Mr. Nieman 's father and an uncle on that side of the house were 
early farmers in Sauk county, and Mr. Nieman was born in Bear 
Creek, where the little stone farm house still stands. 

Finally it may be said of Mr. Nieman that, although his early 
opportunities for education were limited, in that as in all things 
else, his unbounded energy and absorbing interest have led him to 
drill his mind as few men are taught in schools, and even the accom- 
plishments of linguistics have not been neglected. He is a well- 
rounded man, and although the picture here painted may seem to 
have a serious, if not somber tone, that is but one side of him. He is 
not only one of the most dependable friends, but he is a companion 
for fun and folly. Perfectly natural, he has all the freshness of un- 
constrained and exuberant spirits when among close companions. 

This is, as was said at the outset, not an analysis of the man about 
whom it is written. There is nothing about it intended to suggest 
cold-blooded dissection, nor use of blue steel, nor any odor of anes- 
thetics. It is merely the impressions of Lucius W. Nieman 's character 
and work, as one man, a friend, has known him and been impressed 
by them. 

Clarence E. Remer. One of the oldest and largest establishments 
of Kenosha is the M. H. Pettit Malting Company, which began business 
in 1857 with a capacity of fifty thousand bushels per year. It is now 
the oldest malting plant in Wisconsin. In 1868 the old buildings were 
torn down and replaced by new, and the capacity increased to three 
hundred thousand bushels per year. The business was incorporated in 



HISTORY OF WISCONSIN L369 

1885, and its annual capacity at the present time is five hundred thou- 
sand bushels. Mr. C. E. Remer, president and treasurer of the company, 
is the general manager and has successfully directed the affairs of the 
company since its incorporation. He is a member of the Chicago Board 
of Trade and the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce, and makes bis 
selection of barley from these two points. The company use exclusively 
the choicest barley, and turn out malt that is unrivaled for uniform 
excellence. The malt houses of the most approved description, are pro- 
vided with the latest appliances and apparatus, machinery and kilns. 
There are two elevators, eighty-four by sixty-eight, and eighty by forty 
feet in dimensions, capable of storing five hundred thousand bushels of 
grain. Through long continued experience and constant vigilance in 
grading up the output, the reputation of this company is known among 
all users of malt throughout America, and the output is marketed all 
over the United States and also in old Mexico. 

For more than thirty years identified with the M. H. Pettit Malt- 
ing Company, Clarence E. Remer has spent nearly all his life in Wis- 
consin, was formerly active in the grain business, and is one of the 
most successful and public-spirited citizens of Kenosha. Mr. Remer 
was born January 26, 1850, in Cayuga county, New York, a son of 
Stephen Henry and Adeline (Tibbies) Remer. His father, who was 
born in Connecticut in 1817, spent most of his life as a grocer. In 1854 
he located in Elkhorn, Wisconsin, where he lived until his death on 
December 16, 1860. He was the father of two children, the older being 
Clarence E., and the younger Isabella, the deceased wife of John C. M. 
Kehlor. The mother of this family died in 1893, and she and other 
members of the family were communicants of the Episcopal faith. 

Clarence E. Remer grew up in Elkhorn. That city was his home 
from 1854 until 1880. The public schools of the town supplied his 
early educational advantages, and when ready for independent enter- 
prise he found work with Mr. John C. M.